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NO;62,406 ’ 



— :: ***T- ’-W- 

51 per cent of the airline to 
Jwpnyatmd before the end of raise about £350 miHion. The 
. Pf • Je m a uagg 49 percent could be 

investor eaxiynext year. 

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is life 
s Ta 

’ _ In. . i - - f “ T mum UVJ'I TWU, wme w awiuiaj UUUr 

8artbMl4&a/Wery friCTdly rad . In his statement, Mr Jlidley nation about the future, oi 
ronrtrrobve meeting with told MPs: “The mystery about - which investment decision; 
i _ , this alleged management buy- are to be .made. 

L^m fcng met Mrs Thatch- out is that there is nobody who “That applies to any com 
er at _ner request after the suggested the idea. I am not pany and. at present the djffi- 
disclosure last week that he quite sure what the row is cullies of the company are toe 
was ieadmfi a nmnagement about”. great, but I hope that the time 

buy-out attempt ana* hearing He said that the privatiza- will soon come when it will be 
that Mr Nicholas Ridley, the tionhad not been postjxmed, posable to do it." '• 
Transport Secretary, had dis- “The postion beforeTast week An hour before the meeting 
closed that the planned public • • • - ~ •••••' with •. Mrs Thatcher, a letter 

flotation would - he delayed - from Lord King was delivered 

• . . \ L. to 10 Downing Street, the 

After the 30-mmnte \S \Ck nC\ contents of winch were re- 

Downing Street talks. Lord _ ^ leased to the Press Associa- 

King emerged to stress how c, - tion, in which the chairman 

“enormously 1 helpful” the y v ..^E said, that -m view of media 

Prune Minister had been, and ' ". / * coverage, “Iwant to reassure 

that she was in charge. ( . V ' . yon that I and my board are 

The tone was in marked ’ y ,>\ ■ committed to your and our 

contrast to the impressions ^ common objective of a suc- 

gained at the weekend that f Y • A cess fal privatization of British 

Lord King was annoyed at the / \ Airways as soon as possible” 

postponement of the seU-off. | V V • He added: “We would pro- 

and that as a result he was V . . ' fer this to be accomplished by 

prepared to activate quickly , »>>_ V/ ' \ means of a public flotation 

the alternative management V and wiUpursue such intention 

and employee buy-out VfftGilwP'L \ wfth much vigour whfle con- 

Downing Street sources last f J timiing to work closely with 

nighl criticised the suggestions \Pl as g- Nicholas Ridley and his 

of a British Airways manage- V^h department", 

ment buy-out as gamesman- .Hesaid that British Airways 

ship. Lord King was forced to . ” supported the Government's 

deny the widely-leaked plan in was that wehoped it would be attempts to achieve a success- 
a statement read out to the possible to privatize ft during fol outcome in currem negpti- 
Ca mmons by Mr Ridley while the coming financial yean It is ations with the United Sates 
the meeting with Mrs Thatch- still the position. The Govern- .cm transatlantic routes, 
er was being held. mrot never mentioned a sum- Lord King left No TO to 

However, Whitehall sources ®er date.” . ' ' ■ address a City, meeting of 

indicated strongly ai the meek- He also underlined a point institutions . and brokers on 
end lhatMrs Thatcher had no being made forcefully in the privatization of the airline, 
intention of oyer-riding Mr WhitefaaHvdienhesaidr^Now The meeting had been ar- 
Ridley and reversing the post- we Have a position where, by ranged some time ago as the 
ponement decision. pressure in the House and the last in a senes of so-called 

The buv-oui plan is be- media, "the" Government is “road shows" aimed at dem- 
lieved to iave been drawn up criticized for. not going more onstrating to potential mves- 

was that we hoped it would be 
possible to privatize it during 
the coming financial yean It is 
still foe position. The Govern- 
ment never mentioned a sum- 
mer dale.” 

airline to ug of a prospectus places a 
lion. The heavy and important respon- 
c could be sibifityon the vendor and the 
section of board to make sure that it 
rear. . contains entirely correct infijr- 
lr Ridley mation about the future, on 
cry about - which investment decisions 
rent buy- are to be .made, 
jody who “That applies to any com- 

( am not pany and. at present the diffi- 
i row is cuJties of the company are too 
great, but I hope that the tune 
jrivatiza- will soon come when it will be 
stponed. posable to do it.” '• 
last week ' An hour before the meeting #*• 
\ with : Mrs Thatcher, a letter 
&om Lord King was dehyered ?¥ 
to 10 Downing Street, the M 
r^T\ contents of which were re- “ 
leased to the- Press Associa- 
^ tion, in which the chair man 

V ^ said , that r m view of media 
coverage, “I want to reassure 

\ V ' . you that I and my board are Ln 

' committed to your and our — 
common objective of a suo- 
. f* cessful privatization of British 

( “ Airways as soon as possible” 

• l. . He added: “We would pre- 
v A fer tins to be accomplished by 
\ ■ means of a public flotation 

V and wfll pursue such intention 

A witii muifo vigour vdifle con- 

J tinuing to work closely with 

■*— * ' Nicholas Ridley and his 

i9u department”. 

LJrp Hesaid that British Airways . 

supported tire Go veraznent's 
would be attempts to achieve a success- I 
it during fol outcome in current negoti- da> 
yean It is ations with the United Sates dm 
: Govern- .on transatlantic routes. mo 
idasum- ■ Lord Kb% left No 10 to o«e 
- address a City, meeting of 

Lord King leaving Downing Street after yesterday's meeting with Mis Thatcher. 

Palace is 
silent on 

MP in clash on privilege 

Speaker prevents 
bid to name vicar 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

He also underizued a point institutions and brokers on 
being marie forcefully in foe privatization of the ai r li n e. 
Whitehall when he said: “Now The meeting had been ar- 
we Have a position where, by ranged some time ago as foe 
pressure in foe House and the last in a series of so-called 
media, -the- Government is “road shows” aimed at dem- 

by Riillips & Drew, foe City 
stockbrokers, and initially iik 
volves a sale to employees of 

wfth privatization of tors how the aniine's fin an ci a l 


Mr Ridley said: ‘The writ- 

fortunes have recovered in the 
test few years. 

wins its court 

The Times contains 
coverage of today’s 
Budget, with eight 
pages of news and 
analysis of the 
proposals, together 
with background 
comment and 
interpretation from 
expert business and 
city writers led by 
Kenneth Fleet 

Across the 

Chris Evert Doyd on 
Martina Navratilova 

The Times Portfolio competi- 
tion prize of £4*W6 - deeUe 
the "w> amount be cause 
there trgs ao wiaoer on Satur- 
day - was woa yesterday by 
Mrs M Croaksfa ufo . of 
Sai^ach, Cornwall- Fortzooo 

fish |M«e 24; hew to rtay, 

information service, page ZU. 

Mai! jobs go 

Associated Ncwspapers, own- 
m of the Deity Moil mid Mart 
on Sunday, announced a£l3J> 
minion switch ibnew trattfr. 
ogy, involving an initial 20per 
cent cm in staff Page* 

Howe warning 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, foe 
eign Secretafy* wanted foe 
West not to be taken in by 
Moscow’s ■ , sP ccl0l Sy 
attractive” plan for 
Atsarmsmenl "8 * ' 


Manchester BusiaessSctoolw , 

now 21 years old sad pmseo 
for farther expansion- A. gur- 
P^Spctial j 

its progress rages 

B Mtass 

fight on EEC budget 

J posse' ^ S ^oto*3-apfcers in 
^ IrittoMdianlOwi»,Bra8^ . . pmsmt-Shedediaedto make 

any comment. 

Briiaffl yesterday won an folly yesterday that foe Euro- Miss Fergnson then tanebed 
oquhetion at the European pean Partiameni had exceeded with her father at Claridge’s 
: Court of Justice in Luxemr its powers. Hotel 

bourn blocking extra spending The Parliament's version of -- • n , tl[ll 

infoe ffiCbudgct voted for by foe 1986 budget, ^proved last B 
foeEuropeim&iianenL December, exceeded the bud- 

. Hie additional spending, get laid (town by foe Council 

^^^nSSS e iSetfo2 m^S>wS,isaS 

asisaass syssssa tiK'ta 

-.-n m u -ar^irm dhcm this spnug will news, but on tin. other hand 
hv aggrevate foe crisis, as will Major Ronald Ferguson, 


By Alan Hamilton 

Buckingham Palace yester- 
day continued to maintain a 
discreet silence in foe face of a 
mounting frenzy of speculation 
over the possible announce- 
ment of an engagement be- 
tween Prince Andrew and 
Miss Sarah ^ Ferguson. 

The confident assertion m 
some weekend newspapers 
that all would be confirmed 
yesterday proved premature. 

Prince Andrew, who had no 
public engagements, stayed 
out of sight Miss Ferguson, 
havmg spent the weeheri with 
her father at the family home 
near Basingstoke, Hampshire, 
returned to battle her way to 
her office at a Wed End 
graphic design company with a 
posse of phott^raphers in 
pursuit. She declined to make 
any comment. 

Miss Ferguson that lunched 
with her father at Claridge’s 

Her mother, Mrs Susan 
Barrantes, is now married to 
an Argentine polo player and 
Eves near Buenos Aires. 

Speculation continues on 


After foe blocking of his 

blocked an attempt in foe question, he said that he had 
Commons by Mr Geoffrey supplied foe vicar's name to 
Dickens, the campaigner the Attorney General, and 
against child abuse, to name, would attempt to table anofo- 
m a Parliamentary question, a er question without the name 
Humberside vicar accused oi in it. 
sexually assaulting a boy. Sir Michael Havers, the 

After Conservative MPs Attorney General, told MPs 
had earlier rounded on Mr last night in a Parliamentary 
Dickens for using Parliamen- written reply that he would 
tary privilege to name a doctor not prosecute foe doctor 
alleged to have raped a young named by Mr Dickens. He 
girl and attempting to use it to said that he agreed with foe 
name foe vicar, a question Director of Public Prosecu- 
from Mr Dickens was blocked tions that foe evidence was 
on the orders of Mr Bernard insufficent to institute crimi- 
WeatherilL Mr Dickens, who nal proceedings, 
was told by Commons offi- Mr Dickens named the 
rials that ft was because cf.foe Humberside vicar In a que$- 
“unneceasiuy and invidious tion, although _ foe Speaker 
use of a name”, immediately made dear during foe Corn- 
accused the Speaker of depriv- mons exchanges it had not at 
ing him of his Parliamentary that stage been accepted by the 


Table Office, which vets ques- 

The move by the Speaker lions, and that he would be 
surprised MPs as it appeared looking carefully at it Earlier 
to be an admission that accep- attempts by Mr Dickens to 
lance of foe question from Mr name foe vicar during Ques- 
Djckens last week in which he tion Time had been frustrated 
named foe doctor, was a by an apparent alliance oi 


Mr Dickens, MP for 
Littleborougb and 

Saddleworth, said last night 

MPs on both sides to stop his 
question being reached. 

Mr Dickens told MPs that ft 
was five years since he last 

after seeing the Speaker.” I am named someone in foe House; 
aggrieved because f have been he was jealously guarding and 
denied foe privilege which not misusing parliamentary 
allowed Anthony Blunt to be privilege.But children were 
named in foe House.” Continued on page 2, col 6 

. ■ .. fyAn^to-yomm to visit 

tfocniiTtthi' week was under- The Commission ias said his other daughter. Auaf’ 
bbt^^iSSSi that It needs supplementary nouKement w ifoougM KMy 
SSS on r*Sr«tia budgets of nearly £2 billion to won, if only because neither 
STiSLifS im? k^foe EEC solvent Mem- the Palare nor Major Fergu- 
SSSfaSSomilhon. tosares fear that fois is a 
Lawyers for foe British breach of new guidelines on an imm^mtaiMiiieirt. 

budgetary discipline. Ctomri arete, page 20 

Palme murder hunt charge 

Continued on page 2, col 6 

Pope wiU Sterling is 
visit Rome firm on 
synagogue Budget eve 

Swedish police appeared 
lasrnight to be on foe verge of 
a breakthrough in their hunt 

Blood will flow on in accordance with Swedish 
Stockhobn’s streets.” law, had lied about his where 

Police are q uestitming Mr ° f ** 

for foe assassin of the Swedish 
Prime Minister; Mr Olof 
Pahne. • v . . 

Victor - Gannarsson, aged 
32, has been charged with 
complicfty in the assassina- 

g ; of Gunnarsson’s acquainunces 
unt and are understood to be He had been spoiled trying 
rdish investigating his possible links to wave down a car near foe 
Olof with the right-wmg European scene of the murder and 
Workers’ Party, which has its shortly afterwards had rushed 
aged headquarters in Wiesbaden, into a nearby late-night rine- 
wfth West Germany. ma long after the film had 

sina- Stockholm police chief Mr begun. 
f be- Hans Holrow sato Mr Gun- j^ r Holmer 

tion. He appeared briefly be- Hans Holmer said Mr Gun- 
fore a .Stockholm .court narsson, who he did not name; 
yesterday and was then taken 
back into custody where his 
interrogation by detectives in- 
vestigating the shooting of Mr 
ftdme. in a Stockholm [ Street 
on February 28 continued. 

Mr K G Svensson, Chief 
prosecutor, for Stockholm, 

<aid suspicions that Mr Gun- 
narsson was involved in the 
kfllmg had been stre^foened 
since his arrest last Wednes- 

Mr Svensson also said Gun- . 

narsson tad said in telephone 
calk before foe assassination; Victor Gunnarsson: 

“Palme is on foe death fist, rag questioned. 

By Patricia dough 

Sir John Glubb, - better 
known as Gtabh Pasha, one of 

Mr Holmer said Mr 
Gunuarsson’s clothing had 
been sent to West German 
police in Wiesbaden for de- 
tailed examination. Results 
would be known in a few days, 

"This man had become 
known on several occasions 
for bis threatening outbursts 
against Olof Pahne.” said Mr 
Holmer.“We shall be making 
more arrests,” he said. 

• BERN: Swiss authorities 
yesterday offered up to 

Rome (Reuter) - The Pope 
will visit Rome's synagogue 
next month in what Vatican 
sources said would be a land- 
mark in Cafoolic-Jewish rela- 

The chief Vatican spokes- 
man said foe Pope would visit 
foe synagogue in central 
Rome on foe afternoon of 
April 13. It would be foe first 
time in living memory that a 
Pope bad visited a synagogue. 

Informed sources said the 
visit did not mark a change in 
foe Vatican’s position towards 
Israel. The Vatican, which 
strongly supports Israel's right 
to exist, bas said it would like 
to see changes in the Middle 
East situation before it could 
eaahlish diplomatic relations 
with foe Jewish state. 

Cafoolic-Jewish relations 
have improved greatly in the 
20 years since a Second Vati- 
can Council document urged 
dialogue with the Jews and 
strongly repudiated the idea of 
collective Jewish guilt for foe 
death of Jesus Chnst 

The Pope has met Jewish 
leaders in the Vatican and 

yestentay offered up jo, leaders in the Vatican and 
1 25,000 Swiss francs (£43,000) abroad many times and has 
for clues to the killing of Mr , often strongly denounced all 

from foe days of 
; died yesterday 

Leader of foe elite Arab 

volunteered for service in Iraq 
in 1929 to escape peacetime 
boredom, became fascinated 
by foe Arabs and Eved among 
the Bedouin tribesmen learn- 
ing theft. language and psy- 

ous Desert Patrol, a sip and at 
first Sight pjatepressfve. man 
si a ied Bedouin headdress 
who would cross deserts on a 
camel with only'* serrant for 
company, be became *s greats 
legend as T: E Lawrence - 
Lawrence of Arabia. Among 
foe Arabs, kb, fame was very 
much greater; - 

Disfigured by a jew wound 
from foe First World War, be 

This affinity was crucial 
when, eofinnisJ^OBed to pacify 
foe unruly Bedouin tribes in 
Transjordan, now Jordan, he 
persuaded them to police 
themselves by joining bis new 
Desert Patrol Later be was 
put ia command pf the Arab 
betAm an d ba3t op. foe force 
during tire Second World War 
and the subsequent conflicts in 

; He, and foe British, were 
thunderstruck -when on 

Palme (AP reports). 

March 1, 1956, foe young King 
Hussein unexpectedly dis- 
missed him and gave him two 
bouts to leave foe country, 
dedaring that be had failed to 
advance enough Arab officers. 

He left with a stiff over lip, 
discouragiug Arab Leghu con- 
tingents who wanted to rise ap 
hi his defence, refusing to 
condemn the decision and 
maintaining warm friendship 
with foe Jordanians ami their 
Royal Family. 

Since then he has lived 
quietly in Britain, lecturing 
and writing many books about 
the Middle East, on which he 
was one of the greatest ex- 

He was married with one 

forms of anti-Semitism. 

son of his own and three 
adopted Arab children. He 
had been 01 for some time and 
died peacefully in bis sleep at 
his home in Mayfield, Sussex, 
with family members present 

A spokesman for the Jorda- 
nian Embassy in London ex- 
pressed “great sadness” at his 

“Glubb Pasha was a soldier 
of foe highest calibre and a 
military man of great efficien- 

“He was held in great 
regard and high esteem among 
his fallow Jordanian soldiers 
and was greatly admired by 
the Jordanian leadership. 

Obituary, page 18 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The pound and share prices 
held up well on the eve of 
today's Budget, which is ex- 
pected to herald an early move 
towards cheaper borrowing. 
Money market interest rates 
point to a one-point reduction 
in lose rates later this week. 

Oil ministers of foe Organi- 
zation of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries, meeting in Gene- 
va, failed to reach agreement 
on limiting foe drop in oil 
prices. The meeting is likely to 
continue until tomorrow or 

However the pound was 
boosted by market talk that 
Opec is attempting to secure 
an agreement to keep oil 
prices in the $15 to $20 barrel 
range. It ended a third of a 
cent down at $ 1 .4647. and two 
pfennigs lower at DM3.29. 
The sterling index was 0.3 
lower at 74.0. 

The stock market was quiet 
The F T 30-«hare index closed 
three points down at 1.357.7. 
The wider FT-SE 100-share 
index was 1.8 points down at 

Hopes rise, page 21 

Dismay over 
Land Rover 

Mr David Andrews, who is 
leading the management buy- 
out bid for Land Rover, 
complained last night that 
there- had been no meetings in 
foe past week to take foe 
negotiations forward. 

He bit out on foe eve of BL’s 
board meeting today to decide 
which bid ft favours 

Mr Andrews, executive di- 
rector in charge of commercial j 
vehicles at BL said: “Since we 
saw Mr Paul Channon, Secre- 
tary of Slate for Trade and! 
Industry, last week we have, 
been involved in no farther 1 
negotiations Details, page 21 1 

Mitterrand to 

premier today 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

In an unexpected statement 
from foe Elysee Palace on 
television last night. President 
Mitterrand announced that he 
would name a new Prime 
Minister today, and that he or 
she would come from the 
ranks of France's new Right- 
wing majority. 

Although the majority was 
numerically weak after 
Sunday's election, he said, it 
did nevertheless exist. 

His statement at once goes 
some way towards cubing 
speculation about foe imme- 
diate course of French politics 
in the wake of the clifmanger 
election, but also leaves doubt 
about just whom he will select. 

M Laurent Fabius, the 
present Prime Minister, wrote 
yesterday to M Mitterrand 
offering his resignation "at 
whatever moment you consid- 
er most opportune". In the 
meantime be would remain in 
foe post 

With all the results declared 
save those of two French 
overseas territories where 
there is to be a run-off election 
on Sunday, it became clear 
yesterday that the two main 
parties of the Right, the cen- 
tre-right UDF and the Gaullist 
RPR, had scraped home to a 
narrow victory with foe help 
of small moderate-right par- 

The closeness of foe victory 

is expectea greatly to exiena 
the margin for manoeuvre of 
M Mitterrand, who becomes 
the fast president under foe. 
Fifth Republic to be confront- 
ed by a hostile majority in 

While M Jacques Chirac, 
the Gaullist RPR leader and 
Mayor of Paris, is still consid- 
ered foe most likely choice as 
Prime Minister, ofoer names 
are now being put forward as 
possible candidates. 

M Mitterrand's statement 
last night surprised observers, 
in theory he has until foe 
opening of the new session of 
Parliament on April 2 to make 
the appointment - 

In the meantime. M Fabius. 
who talked with M Mitterrand 

rrrrv-TTT. t rr. i ^ 

a 90-minute meeting with turn 
yesterday, continues his prime 
ministerial functions. A meet- 
ing of foe Socialist Cabinet 

was scheduled for tomorrow 
before M Mitterrand made his 

M Fabius yesterday gath- 
ered virtually his entire Gov- 
ernment a! the’ Prime 
Minister's office, the Hotel 
Matignon, for “a very relaxed 
and friendly” lunch, during 
which he reported his offer to 

Late on Sunday night he 
had congratulated the Social- 
ists on what he described as an 
“altogether remarkable score” 
of nearly 32 per cent of the 
popular vote in the election. 
He described the party as a 
“great movement of hope”. 

Many Socialist leaders ap- 
pear to be treating the result as 
a victory rather than as a 
defeat As M Jack Lang, the 
Culture Minister, commented 
after the Matignon lunch: “We 
have the feeling that whatever 

Seats Seats 

(total (Total 

Assembly Assembly 









For 1986: 

Provisional figures, excluding re- 
sults from two overseas territories, 
involving two seats. 

Above column is for 1931 Above 
column is for 1986. 

happens, the 

could simply be a parenthesis 
in our movement which has 
carried off an historic victory 
which will inevitably grow 
and be amplified over the next 
few months”. 

The new right-wing alliance 
is not considered very stable, 
particularly in view of foe 
presidential rivalries of the 
three main leaders — M 
Chirac. M Raymond Barre. 
and former President Giscard 
d'Estaing. With its slim over- 
all majority it is thought quite 
liable to break up on foe first 
major hurdle. 

The attitude of foe followers 
of M Barre. who is opposed to 
foe formation of any rightist 
vemment under President 

interest in that respect 
France's future seemed if 
anything less clear last night 
than even before the election. 
Everyone is now waiting for 
President Mitterrand to make 
the next move. 

Joseph suffers tomato 
barrage from students 

Police used umbrellas to 
shield Sir Keith Joseph, Secre- 
tory of State for Education, 
from a hail of tomatoes, 
orange peel and drink cartons 
at a university demonstration 

About 500 students staged a 
noisy protest at University 
College, Swansea, over cuts in 
student grants. 

Police said the majority oi' 

foe demonstrators behaved 
well and foe foe missiles came 
from a small section of the 
crowd. Earlier the student 
union president, Mr Paul 
Stokes had, appealed for a 
peaceful demonstration. 

Sir Keith spoke for more 
than an hour to foe college 
senate and student leaders, 
who told him of their concern 
about grants. 

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Mail to 
reduce print 
staff by 20% 
in switch 

Owners of Daily Mail and 
Mail on Sunday . yesterday 
announced plans for its £130 
million switch to new technol- 
ogy which will mean a sub- 
stantial reduction iii its 

The group said that it has 
already concluded negotia- 
tions with the prim unions for 
a 20 percent reduction of staff 

in its main production areas. 

But biger reductions will 
be necessary by the time its 
papers are moved to a new 
priming plant in London's 
docklands by the end of 1988. 

The move, which has been 
brought forward because of 
competition from the birth of 
its new rival. Today , will be 
funded mainly by the group's 
"substantial existing 
resources” and by lease and 
bank finance. 

As part of its strategy associ- 
ated announced plans for 
raising almost £30 million 
from existing shareholders by- 
selling new shares. 

• A move to have the print 
union. Sogal ’82. punished for 
alleged contempt of court over 
the dispute which has halted 

the Scottish Daily Record, was 
deferred in the High Court in 

Mr Robert Maxwell's Scot- 
tish Dailv Record and Sunday 

By Michael Horsnell 

Newspapers, Mail Ltd accuse the union of 
ignoring an injunction granted 
by a High Court judge on 
March 5 which banned it from 
causing its members to strike. 

Mr "Justice Webster ad- 
journed the contempt action 
until Friday after being told 
that the union's London law- 
yers had been unable to get in 
touch with Scottish union 
officials to prepare a defence 

in time. 

The newspaper was halted 
after primers refused to set an 
editorial critical of the union 
on March 9. 

The company alleges that a 
ballot of Sogai members was 
not in compliance with the 
1984 Trade Union Acl 

At the hearing of the con- 
tempt action the union will 
renew its application, made 
unsuccessfully to a judge in 
chambers last Thursday, to 
discharge the injunction. 

Meanwhile journalists yes- 
terday picketed Mr Maxwell's 
Anderston Quay plant in 
Glasgow. They went on strike 
on Friday in ’protest at their 
publisher's plans for 300 re- 
dundancies, including 55 edi- 
torial staff. 

About 600 members of 
Sogat were dismissed at the 
beginning of last week by Mr 

Bernard Levin, page 17 
Rights issue, page 23 

Labour attack on 
Wapping violence 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Correspondent 

Mr Rov Hattersley, deputy 
leader of the Labour Party, 
yesterday condemned the 
picket line violence in the 
Wapping dispute and hinted 
that extremists were to blame. 

He spoke against attempts 
to blockade the News Interna- 
tional plant, in east London, 
last. Saturday, and said the 
violence was working against 
the interests of the print 

Mr Norman Tebbit. Con- 
servative Party Chairman, 
who like Mr Hattersley was 
speaking during the Fulham 
by-election campaign, said the 
action taken by Mr Rupert 
Murdoch and Mr Eddy Shah 
would lead to extra jobs in die 
newspaper and printing indus- 

Mr Hattersley. who has 
been one of the most outspo- 
ken critics of the company's 
move to Wapping. said; “1 do 
not approve of blockading of 
premises- I do approve of 
demonstrating strong opposi- 
tion to what I regard as an 
intolerable way of running a 
newspaper, an intolerable way 
of employing staff and an 
intolerable way of sacking 

Mr Ian WriggJesworth, the 

SOP'S economic spokesman, 
said that he had been appalled 
by what happened at Wapp- 
ing. To describe it as picketing 
was grossly inaccurate. 

• Miss Brenda Dean, general 
secretary of Sogat '82, the 
print union, yesterday at- 
tacked the police for their 
handling of mass pickets at 

She claimed the police re- 
garded it as their duty to help 
the company to distribute its 

• Mr Bruce Matthews, man- 
aging director of News Inter- 
national, will today have a 
further round of talks with 
leaders of the print unions 
who are seeking reinstatement 
of members dismissed last 
January by the company. 

The company has made it 
clear that it will not allow 
them access to Wapping but 
will negotiate on compensa- 

• Arsonists destroyed two 
vans used for delivering news- 
papers from the plant to 
wholesalers early yesterday. 

Police investigating the at- 
tack at Brentwood, Essex, said 
flammable liquid had been 
tipped inside both vehicles 
and set alight. 

gets street 
racing circuit 

By Craig Seton 

An unlikely alliance of a 
Labour council and the entre- 
preneurial world of interna- 
tional motor racing will 
produce Britain's first Mona- 
co-style road race on the 
streets of Birmingham. 

The Birmingham Super 
Prix, with Formula 3,000 cars 
racing at speeds of up to 200 
mph on a 2.47-mfle circuit 
dose to the city centre, will be 
held on the August Bank 
holiday weekend. 

The £1 ^million event is the 
first fruit of tbe city council's 
Birmingham Road Race Bill, 
which had to be steered 
through Parliament last year 
before plans could be made to 
turn the dty’s streets into a 
road racing circuit. 

The council has set aside 
more than £1 million to stage 
the event. Yesterday it an- 
nounced that Halfords, the 
Midlands-based automotive 
and cycle products retailer, 
will provide “six-figure’' spon- 

More than 100,000 specta- 
tors are expected. Eight miles 
of steel barriers will be erected 
and grandstands will be built 
in Bristol Street, Sherlock 
Sn-eet and Belgrave 
Middleway, tbe high speed 
sections of the circuit. 

The council has fought hard 
for the right to stage road 
raring to bring much needed 
wealth to the economically 
depressed area. Council lead- 
ers hope it will generate as 
much as £10znillion for the 
local economy. 

Miss Marjorie Brown, 
chairman of the road race 
committee, said: “It has taken 
ns nearly 15 years of hard 
work and a parliamentary Act 
to reach this stage of one of the 
city's most exciting projects. It 
will he magnificent exposure 
for the city and our sponsors.” 

Mr John Webb, whose com- 
pa ny ro ns several motor racing 
circuits, including Brands 
Hatch, has signed a contract 
to help to stage the meeting. 

Women bailed 
in London 
vicarage case 

A man was accused in court 
yesterday of aggravated bur- 
glary at a vicarage in west 
London and two womtn were 
accused ofdisbonest handling. 

Ealing magistrates refused 
to grant bail to Gary Byrne, 
aged 25, unemployed, of 
Hanbury Road, Acton, west 
London, and he will appear in 
court again on April 8. 

The two women. Patricia 
Brown, aged 48. of Chestnut 
Grove. Ealing west London, 
and Kathleen Byrne, aged 54, 
of Canada Crescent. Acton, 
were granted unconditional 
bail and will appear in court 
again on April 8. 

Three men appeared in 
court last week accused of 
raping a woman aged 21 at the 

law on 

By Lucy Hodges 

Education Correspondent 

Teachers were not pack- 
horses on whom extra burdens 
could be loaded as a result of 
financial constraint or because 
they had always done certain 
duties out of good will, tbe 
High Court was told yester- 

Mr Eld red Tabachnik. QC, 
for the National Union of 
Teachers, explained at the 
opening of a test case on 
whether teachers were con- 
tractually obliged to cover for 
absent colleagues that spend- 
ing cuts had led to a reduction 
in the number of supply staff 

Mr Tabachnik said that that 
had increased the burden and 
meant that teachers' activities, 
which were voluntary, had 
been increasingly regarded as 
contractual in order to ensure 
that the duties would still be 
performed- The case is expect- 
ed to last six to eight days. 

The NUT. the biggest 
teachers' union, has brought 
the case against four local 
authorities, Rotherham. Don- 
caster, Solihull and Croydon, 
which last year deducted pay 
from teachers who refused to 
cover a lesson for absent 

Four teachers refused to 
cover on the grounds that the 
duty was voluntary and was 
being withdrawn as part of last 
year's pay dispute. Each au- 
thority had a rule that teachers 
had to cover for the first three 
days of another teacher's be- 
ing absent. 

Mr Tabachnik told Mr Jus- 
tice Scott that the authorities 
had no right to deduct the 
money, which amounted to 
£9.65 in total Despite the size 
of the sum involved, “the 
issue is one which is very 
important to teachers and 
employers in the state second- 
ary school system”. Mr 
Tabachnik said. 

No ‘own degrees’ 
for the Polys 

Polytechnics and other col- 
leges are not to be given full 
power to award their own 
degrees because the Govern- 
ment is not convinced that 
that would raise standards. Sir 
Keith Joseph, Secretary of 
State for Education and Sci- 
ence, announced yesterday. 

The Government has reject- 
ed the main recommendation 
of the committee chaired by 
Sir Norman Lindop, former 
director of Hatfield Polytech- 
nic. which proposed last year 
that some institutions should 
be able to award their own 

Parents excluded 
from exam choice 

Secondary school children 
make crucial decisions about 
their own future and parents 
have little real say. according 
to a report published today. 

Many pupils believed par- 
ents could not help them to 
decide what examinations to 
take or what to do at school- 
leaving age because of a 
widespread belief that home 
and school were entirely sepa- 
rate. the report said. 

Mr John Mitchell, chair- 
man of the National Consum- 
er Council working parity 
which produced the report, 
said: “We found a disturbing 
gap between what schools 
thought they were doing to 
build strong links between 
home and school and the way 
some parents regarded them”. 

The report, based on inter- 
views last April with 297 
parents and 204 secondary 
pupils in one rural and one 
inner city area, found that a 
“substantial minority” of par- 
ents were sharply critical of 
information received from 
teachers, particularly about 
their children's subject op- 

It recommended group dis- 
cussions for parents, parents' 
evenings based on individual 
classes, and meetings for par- 
ents outside the school. 

The \fissing Links between 
Home and School (National 
Consumer Council. IS Queen 
Anne's Gate. London. SWlH 
9AA: £31. 





By Nicholas Tmonais 
Social Services * 
Correspondent . 

People may be getting away 
with murder because of flaws 
la the system Of; 

the situation coofe become 
worse if the Home Office 
changes the rules mr crema- 
tion, the BritishMttficalAs- 
sociation said yesterday. '■/; . 

doctor to view, the body before 
siguing a death certificate, the 
association says te a repeal 
Deaths in the Community. All 
'deaths of fester chadren, chil- 
dren in care and those who 
have been car “at risk” regis- 
ters should be reported to the 
coroner g n tew ratical lv . 

1 la the case of stillbirths, the 
attending doctor or midwife's 
cer ti ficate should be required 
and the six-week period for 
them should be 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother being greeted by Connor, an Irish wolfhound and the 
new regimental mascot, when she presented shamrock to the Irish Guards at Chelsea Bar- 
racks, London, on St Patrick’s Day yesterday. 

Fulham by-election 

Labour linked to crime rise 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Mr Norman Tebbit, Con- of money seeking to under- “When we ay Iterate Grant, 
chairman, be- mine the police?” 

Mr Tebbit speaking during 


Party cfc 


came embroiled in a new 
controversy yesterday after 
linking Britain's rapid in- 
crease in crime with the 
“Bernie Grants of this world”. 

He said- “Are you surprised 
that crime has gone up, not 
least in London, when we 
have local authorities, peopled 
by councillors like Bernie 
Grant, or local authorities like 
Islington or tbe old GLC, 
fortunately soon' to be -dead, 
which spend substantial sums 

the Fulham by-election cam- 
paign, added: “We are work- 
ing against a tide which was 
not present 20 years ago. Can 
you imagine, under a Labour 
government Conservative lo- 
cal authority leaders actively 
seeking to undermine the 
work of the police and make it 
more difficult for them? I find 
it hard to believe.” 

In a broadside at Labour’s 
hard left, Mr Tebbit added: 

Contest blow for Tory 

A candidate standing on a 
“ticket” of opposition to the 
Anglo-Irish agreement is set 
to contest the forthcoming 
Fulham by-election in a move 
likely to infuriate the Conser- 
vative Party. 

Mr Boyd Black, an econom- 
ics lecturer at Queen's Univer- 
sity', Belfast, has no formal 
links with the two Unionist 
parties, but his entry into the 
contest is designed to damage 
Tory prospects. 

The decision to ask Mr 
Black, who has campaigned 
fur the British Labour Party to 

organize in Northern Ireland, 
to stand was made after an 
independent anti-EEC 
“Conservative" candidate 

Mr Black's derision to 
stand is not part of the overall 
“loyalist” campaign to wreck 
the agreement, bat is being 
backed by Mr John Taylor, 
Official Unionist MP for 
Strangford. Mr Taylor is tbe 
bead of another scheme to put 
up at least 10 pro-Uahmist 
candidates at the next general 

what we mean is the whole 
mass which is seething away 
there in the Labour Party 
which is dedicated against 
helping established law and 
ordei J ”. 

The latest crime figures 
revealed a 1 7 per cent increase 
in burglaries in Fulham and 
Mr Tebbit complained that 
the police often had to be 
moved out of areas such as 
Fulham to deal with “political 
crime . or.’ political 
demonstrations" ’elsewhere; in 
the capital 

“I do not know how many 
police there are at the moment 
protecting the- right of men 
and woman to go to work at 
Wapping. But every one there 
at Wapping is prevented from 
doing a job of crime preven- 
tion and stopping burglaries.” 

Mr Tebbit's remarks were 
immediately condemned by 
Mr Nick Raynsford, the La- 
bour candidate, who said it 
was an “appalling travesty and 
disgraceful slur 1 , 

Mr Raynsford said he was 
astonished that Mr Matthew 
Carrington, the Conservative 
candidate, should ca m pai gn 
on the Government's law and 
order record “which is dis- 
graceful as everyone knows”. 

11k report soys tea* with 
the six-week registration peri- 
od “the delays m starting tbe 
investigation . of . suspicious 
cases are often considerable”. 

Tbe increase in the number 
of cremations has meant that 
relatively few death certifi- 
cates are issued without the 
doctor' actually seeing the 
body. The number has fallen 
from about 100,000 a year- to 
something under 10,000. 

The association says tint 
apart from it being mandatory 
for the doctor to see the body,' 
it should also be possible 
simply to record the fact of 
death where he or . she is 
unsaie of the cause so that the 
coroner can investigate further 
and order a post-mortem. 

At present, because the 
certificate requires the doctor 
to give a cause of death to the 
best of bis knowledge and 
belief, some death certificates 
are filled in with a “specula- 
tive or knowingly false cause 
of death” m ike knowledge 
that cases will be picked up by 
the registrar and referred to 
the coroner. 

Dr John Havard, secretary 
of tbe BMA, said that the aim 
of the deato registration and 
coroners system should not 
just be to investigate deaths 
which look snspitihms, but “to 
find out whether there are 
gtuundsfer bring aniHdoiis”. 
Repeflfed surtcys had shown 
>tfaat when postmortems were 
performed there were often 

considerable discrepancies be- 
tween the cause of death on the 
certificate and., the post- 
mortem findings. ... . 

Better 'training- tins needed 
not just to toy and detect 
“secret homicides” but to im- 
prove the accuracy of mortal- 
ity statistics used nr much 
medical research. 

Hone Office proposals 
stemming from the Broderick 
Report on coroners in 1971, 
which would remove or reduce 
'toe present demand that two 
doctws independently view die 
body and certify -the cause of 
death before cremation, and - 
that their findings are then 
checked by a medical referee, 
could also increase toe risk of 
foul play going undetected. 

Sweatshop economy 
fear for north-east 

West Yorkshire has tbe 
lowest pay of the nine main 
industrial regions of Great 
Britain, according to a report 
yesterday by the independent 
Low Pay Unit. 

The report said that 47 per 
cent of the workforce, 350,000 
workers in all, earned less than 
the Council of Europe's “de- 
cency threshold” for wages. 
Unless urgent action was tak- 
en the area could rapidly 
become a “sweatshop 

Mr Chris Pond, the unit's 
director, said: “The extent of 
poverty pay in West York- 
shire is a disgrace which local 
authorities in the region have 
shown their determination to 
end. The Low Pay Unit will be 
working with trade unions and 
other local organizations in a 
drive to stamp out the 

The report said that more 
than 200.000 full-time work- 
ers, 36 per cent of the 
workforce, earned less than 
the “decency threshold” of 
£116 for a basic working week. 

Four of five part-time work- 
ers were paid less than £3 an 
hour and two-thirds of all low- 
paid workers in the region 
were women, many of them 
earning less than £2 an hour. 

The figures made West 
Yorkshire the bottom of the 
low pay table in urban-indus- 
trial regions, which indude 
Greater London, the South- 
east West Midlands, South 
Yorkshire, Greater Manches- 
ter. Merseyside, Tyne and 
Wear, and Strathdyde. 

On The Breadline: The Low Pay 
Crisis in West Yorkshire (Low 
Pay Unit 9 Berkeley Street 
London WiHSBY; £2). 

Speaker blocks MP’s 
attempt to name vicar 

Continued from page 1 
being abused and oases were 
not coming before tbe courts 
because the DPP had decided 

The Speaker told MPs that 
the invidious use of a person’s 
name in a question should 
only be resorted to if it was 
strictly necessary to render the 
question intelligible. 

He advised MPs that in 
appropriate cases they should 
supply ministers concerned 
with the names of the individ- 
uals concerned, and so avoid 
unnecessarily damaging refer- 
ences to individuals. 

In the Commons the most 
outspoken attack on Mr Dick- 
ens came from Dr Michael 
Clark, Conservative MP for 
Rochford, the constituency in 
which the named doctor lives. 

Dr Clark said that by 

putting the doctor’s name in 
the question Mr Dickens was 
denying justice. The foil de- 
tails of the case were complex; 
the man could not defend 
himself without giving more 
details which would almost 
certainly identify the rape 

“In the absence of his 
defence he is being found 
guilty by Parliamentary privi- 
lege, newspaper headlines and 
now struggles to try to prove 
his innocence. This is quite 
contrary to the English law,” 
Dr Clark said. 

Mr Kevin McNamara, La- 
bour MP for Hull North, the 
vicar’s MP, said that because 
of Mr Dickens' action- a 
person had been tried by the 
media and subjected to a form 
of “Parliamentary lynch law”. 

Sale room 

£625,515 Clore miniatures 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 

The first half of the collec- 
tion of portrait miniature! 
owned by the late Sir Charles 

Core, the businessman and 
financier, was sold ai 
Sotheby's yesterday for 
£625,515, with 5 per cent left 

His collection of miniatures 
had been formed by the greai 
French connoisseur, David 
David-WeilL whose father 
was a founder of Lazards 
Freres, and reflected his taste 
for the best French and Conti- 
nental miniatures of the late 
eighteenth and early nine- 
teenth centuries. 

David-Weill sold half of his 
collection to Wildenstein, the 
Paris dealer, in 1936, who sold 
them to Core. The other halt 
he bequeathed to the Louvre. 
It is the best such group of 
miniatures seen together on 
auction for about fifty years. 

The top price. of £50,600 
sets a new auction price record 
for a Continental miniature. It 
was paid for a roundel com- 

“A Young Lady as Sappho” 

which was sold for ; 
bining the 


most finished 
French technique with revolu- 
lionarv realism, “The 
Cartographer'* by Marie 
Gabrielle Capet, circa 1795. 
The cartographer sits at a desk 
covered in maps, but has 
looked up and out of the 
frame, pausing with a pair of 
dividers still in his hand. 

Sotheby's had estimated 
£8.000 to £10,000 for ft. 

though acknowledging its 
quality by using it as the cover 
illustration to its catalogue. It 
was bought by an unnamed 
private collector. 

The miniature Sothebv's 
expected to make the top price 
was the round portrait of 
Marie Clementine, Archduch- 
ess of Austria, by Heinrich 
Suger. which was dated 1795. 
It sold for £47,300 (estimate 
£20.000 to £30.000) to Mr E 
Bucher, of Switzerland, 
Europe's leading dealer in 
portrait miniatures. Suger was 
an influential director of the 
Vienna Academy, painting 
full-size portraits as well as 

Other high prices included 
the £46.200 (estimate £12,000 
to £15,000) for Louise 
d'Aumont Princesse de Mo- 
naco. by Pierre Adolf Hall, 
and the £34.100 (estimate 
£8,000 to £10,000) for a young 
lady pictured as Sappho lean- 
ing on her lyre in a landscape 
by Francois Dumont. 

Science Report 

Giotto backs cosmic theory 

The results obtained last 
week from the European satel- 
lite Giotto may have resolved a 
controversy over interstellar 
and cometary dost. 

Professor Sir Fred Hoyle 
and Professor Chandra 
Wickrantasmghe, of Universi- 
ty College, Cardiff, have dis- 
agreed with most of the 
astronomical community for 
more than a decade, maintain- 
ing dial interstellar dust and 
comets are predominantly or- 

In 1974, VVlckramasinghe 
argued that astronomical evi- 
dence favoured cosmic dost 
made of an organic polymer 
typified by poljffonnaMsfayde. 
In 1975, he and V. Vanysek 
argued that toe parent mole- 
cule for cometary radicals 
such as C2, CO, CN, was a 
similar organic polymer. 

From 1975, Hoyle and 
Wickramasingbe accumulated 
evidence for organic grains in 
space, and concluded in 1979 

By A Special Correspondent 

that most interstellar dost is 

In t98L laboratory spectros- 
copy of micro-organisms un- 
der simulated space 
conditions, done with Dr 
Shirwan ALMufti, led to a 
prediction that cosmic infra- 
red sources at sufficiently 
large distances should show a 
chracteristic signature of mi- 
cro-organisms m the 19-19 
micrometre waveband. 

That was verified in toe 
following year when D.T. 
Wickramasmghe and DJL Al- 
len obtained toe first spectrum 
of the galactic centre infra-red 
source which showed the pre- 
dicted profile near 3.4 

Since 1978, Hoyle and 
Wfckranasinghe have argued 
that life on earth had its 
in comets and that 
lotion is controlled fry the 
continuing' input of cometary 

Beca use of the sporadic 
nature of the injection of 

comets from the outer solar 
system, the effect on evolution 
wDI also -be sporadic,- they., 

Such a sporadic c haracter 
shows up in tbe fossil record of 
toe evolution of terrestrial life. 

, On March 1 this year, Hoyle 
and Wickraraasinghe predict- 
ed that most short period, 
comets most develop a tree- 
like organic skin with a reflec- 
tivity of less than 1 percent 

Higher reflectivities could 
arise where multiple compo- 
nents in a comet’s nucleus 
jostle with each other to 
produce a clean in g -op jfa 
patch** of the surface skin, .. 

The surprisingly low 
reflectivities reported for toe 
nuclear region of Hailey's 
comet, and the organic compo- 
sitions found for toe bulk of 
toe dust, would seem to vindi- 
cate the organic theory of 
comets, the -two- astronomers 
say.. . /• 



;■ Britain's prison 'service has 
suffered because of “old fash- 
ioned ideas”. Princess Anne 
said yesterday. 

Too many people thought 
prisons were purely for pun- 
ishment and flat prison om- 
cers had only to stop offenders 

*&££$** Uke » 
forget about offenders locked 
behind baa, yet stilL expected 
them , to emerge as reformed 

The Princes, who was pre- 
senting the first Btitlcr.Tnist 
Awards, praised prison offi- 
cer for their “forgotten 

She said: “Conditions m 
many of Britain’s prisons 
make it well nigh impossible 

for officers to achieve the 
rehabilitation of offenders, 
but we took to toe future With 

. “Prisons are not a separate , 
world. Unfortunately, for the ,J 
foreseeable future, they are as 
much a part of the community 
as hospitals and schools." • 

The Princess is patron of toe 
trust, set up in memory of the 
reforming Home Secretary Mr 
R.A.B. Butler, to give puUic 
recognition to outstanding 
work in the prison service, 

Mr Angus Whyte, education 
co-ordinator at Edinburgh 
prison, won a travel scholar- 
ship for his work in forging 
links with die outside comrott- 

Mr Anthony Mitchell, a 
Birmingham prison officer, 
was awarded a busary for his 
work with prisoners addicted 
to hand drugs. . . " 

Dr Derek Perkins, principal 
psychologist at Birmingham 
Prison, Mr Michael Lewis, 
governor of Oxford Prison, 
Mr Eric Teuton, deputy gov- 
ernor, and Mr Richard Ltoyd, 
medical officer at Oxford, 
received certificates. 

Bully charge 

Three youths accused of 
bullying the schoolboy son of 
Miriam Stoppard, the televi- 
sion presenter, and Tom 
Stoppard, the playwright, were 
remanded in custody for a 
week on a blackmail charge 

Park plea 

A Liverpool community 
group was granted leave by a 
High Court judge yesterday to 
seek the overturn of a decision 
to: transfer the. control of 
Croxteth country park and 
hall to Liverpool City Council 
when the Merseyside County 
Council, which has run the 
park for 10 years, is abolished 
at the end of this month. 

Student ban 

Bristol University was 
granted an injunction yester- 
day banning 18 students from 
demonstrating outside a lec- 
ture by The Sun columnist. 
Professor John Vincent, 
whom they accuse of being 
racist and sexist. 

Boxer critical 

Steve Watt, aged 27, the 
Scottish welterweight boxing 
champion, who collapsed dur- 
ing a bout on Friday night, 
remained in a critical condi- 
tion in Charing Cross Hospi- 
tal, west London, yesterday. 

£lm aid boost 

Britain is to give another 
£1.05miBion to help African 
refugees, Mr Timothy Raison, 
Minister for Overseas Devel- 
opment, said in the Commons 

Court delay 

The Court of Appeal re- 
served judgement yesterday 
on Westminster . City 
Council's attempt to stop the 
Greater London Council 
spending more than £76mfl- 
Iion on various projects before 
its abolition at the end of this 

Gut reaction 

An investigation was 
launched yesterday after 20 
Labour and Conserv a tive 
councillors in Nottingham 
were taken ill with; stomach 
pains after b meeting -which 
fixed a record county rates rise 
of 77 percent. 

Hardy divorce 

• The actor Robert Hardy was 
awarded a special procedure 
divorce yesterday because of 
his two years' separation from 
hiswifeSaUy. The coophrwere 
married for 25 years: ■" 

Second victim 

Miss Amanda Shnnjs, aged 
20, of Salisbury 'Plain, who 
suffered 80 percent bunts in a 
magnesium flash fire at the 
Pains-Wessex fireworks fac- 
tory in Salisbury last month, 
died yesterday. A ooUrague 
was killed ra toe exptosion. 

Actress out 

Lynne-: Perrie, aged 54; the 
.actress who-plays widow ivy 
Trlsley .in Coronation Street 
wffl be out of, toe. television 
series for a few weeks after, a 
bean .operation.' 






A test case claim that a 
„ loopi ng cough vaccine left 
Johnnie Kiimear, ayd 
wifo ; “catastrophic” brain 
damag e when he was . 14 
• months was launched in the 
High ''Court yesterday. 

The beating, ' expected to 
six months, was the 
-first orfekmd ih England; it 
. had considerable public im- 
portance, Mr Julian Priest, 

There were hundreds of 
. other claims awaiting the ont- 
edme and there had been 
"ttwaiderable disquiet m the 
public mind for some time, 
and also in the mind of the 
■’ metficaT profession, on the 
safety of the vacd nation”. 

Mr Priest, counsel for the 
■boy, told Mr Justice Smart- 
Smith that the vaccine called 
Trivax or Trivax/AD, “in- 
tended to protect him against 
the three 1 diseases of child-, 
hood, diphtheria, whooping 
-cough and tetanus", had dzsas- 

- The family bfiunes the ad- 
. ministration of the vaccine at 
; - a west London clinic in Febru- 

vaccine goes on 
in test case 

8ry 1971 for. the "disastrous 
and quite catastrophic” brain 
damage he suffered. 

The boy is cared for by his 
parents at their home in 
Shepherds Bush, west Lon- 

Foun elation which produced 
it, have been discontinued- 
' Mr Priest said that at the 
time the boy was vaccinated 
he was suffering from a fever- 
ish cold 'and that should have 

the action is being . been taken into consideration, 
brought on his behalf by Mr • He did have an oral imm uni- 

Michael Kinnear , his father. 

The first issue to decide was 
whether the vaccine could 
ever cause brain damage, Mr 
Priest said. 

The second was whether on 
the facts of the case the boy’s 
catastrophe was dne to foe 
negligence of those who act- 
ministered the vaccine. 

Mr Kinnear is seeking dam- 
es against Dr Joshua Stein, 
10 administered the vaccine 
at the clinic in Beddow Car- 
dens, Hamyngre r niTh , west 
London, and: the North West 
Thames Regional Health Au- 
thority responsible for the 
clinic. Both deny negligence. 

Actions againstthe Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 

ration for polio at the same 
time, "but it is not alleged that 
played any part in the disaster 

that befell him”. 

It was not part of their case 
to determine any. risk-benefit 
ratio. “We are not here to 
prove how often serious neu- 
rological damage occurs. We 
are here to prove that it 
sometimes occurs and that it 
occurred in . Johnnie’s case," 
he said. 

Mr Priest said that, al- 
though both tides in the case 
agreed that no vaedne was 
completely safe, there was a 

"The searcb'kfor 6 safety 
strongly suggests that the 
present vaccine is not safe and 

_ — .. — — rt has been discontinued in use 

Security for not issuing in Sweden, parts of Germany 
warnings about the dangers of and certainly in Japan.” 
the vaedne, and the Wellcome The hearing continues. 

More care urged 

The Government should 
provide better care for the 
quarter of a million people 
who suffer from schizophre- 
nia, Mrs Dorothy STlberston, 
vice-chairman of the National 
Schizophrenia Fellowship, 
said yesterday.’, 

•• . She said Thai patients with 
the illness were being released 
into -the community without 
proper facilities for their care. 

. She told the -fellowship’s 
national seminar in Oxford on 
“The forgotten illness” foal it 
would be -better to’ retain the 
old, large Victorian mental 
hospitals, rather than go along 
with ihe.radical care in the 
community programme being 
put forward by many health 

She said the Department of 
Health and Social Security 
was foiling to fulfil its promise 
to provide special hostels, 
adjoining hospitals, where 
.long-term schizophrenics 
_ could he. cased fori 
'■ ^Iberdrypye.-qjaJS ,4$ pim.. 
available - a-' such hostels . 
throaghoBt: England and-. 
Wales.- ; ; >\rf* • . 

She said the popular image 
of the Victorian-mental hospi- 
tal building was one of dread- 
ful conditions where patients 
were locked away. 

. She said: "That is not our 
experience of the mental hos- 
pitals. We don’t tike the long 
corridors and .shabby rooms 
any more than anyone else, 
but at the same time they are 
run by dedicated staff who 
understand the problems." 

Mrs Sflberston called on the 
Government to make, sore 
that hospitals provided proper 
care for schizophrenics when 
they were discharged into die 

“We fed. that the rundown 
of the mental hospitals has to 
be stopped because we see no 
alternative For some of the 
most severely affected 

Dr John HalL principal 
.dmieal psychologist at the 
.Waraefonl- Hospital, Oxford, 
grid that the . level of schizo- 
phienia among university stu- 
dents Was underestimated. 

il.' * 'V*r .- 

fire risk 

Questions are to be asked in 
Parliament about the fire safe- 
ty standard of British furai- 
rare after a report published 
• yesterday attacked manufac- 
turers and the Government ■ 

. The report, by a fire officer, 
calls for all furniture to be 
made to pass a test showing 
that it is resistant ip flame s, 
not just to. burning cigarettes 
as at present. . ' . 

Similar legislation in the 
United Stales cat deaths in 
upholstery fires by a quarto; 
Mr Bob Graham, Grater 
Manchester assistant chief fire 
officer, says in foe report. 

. Mr Alastair Bin, Conserva- 
tive MP for Bury North, 
where nine people died from 
upholstery fumes in a bouse 
fire in 1984, has tabled ques- 
tions to- foe Home Secretary 
on foe risk. 

Tougher stand 
on puppy 
markets urged 

Britain’s vets called yester- 
day for tougher controls on 
puppy “supermarkets". 

The British Veterinary As- 
sociation said: “it is not too 
fanciful to compare some of 
foe puppy dealers' kenne ls 
with the worst possible refugee 
camp: Too many young things 
crowded together and indiffer- 
ently cared for, feeing epidem- 
ics and life-threatening 
infections" . 

Controls should limit foe 
number of puppies to the 
■ accommodation avail able , 
prohibit mixing from different 
liners and insist on a register 




Mr Ian Frazer, a director of 
“Price Slasher”, trading as 
Cabugrove lid, which has 
gone into liquidation with 
debts of £1 uriBhm, was kicked 
and punched by creditors at a 
meeting in the Connaught 
Rooms, He! bora. central Lon- 
don, yesterday. 

Police entered die hall to 
restore order and escorted Mr 
Frazer and his brother Rodney 
from the budding. 

Mr Ray Hocking, an ac- 
coaxtast who was appointed 
one of two liquidators yester- 
day, appealed for order but his 
voice was constantly drowned 
by creditors who grabbed the 

“There wffl be a faH hwesti- 
gstion into foe affairs of this 
company and many of yon will 
know that the Fraud Sqnad are 
already inquiring into why so 
many of yoo have tost year 
money,” he said. 

A statement of affairs 
showed foe company's debts 
comprised: £965,000 to ordi- 
nary unsecured creditors, in- 
cluding about £500,000 dpe to 
customers who had paid in 
advance, and £870,000 to pref- 
erential creditors. Assets were 
estimated to realize £225,000. 

Couple get 
inquest on 
cot death 

A couple who lost four 
babies in seven years and 
became the focus of a col 
death controversy were grant- 
ed an application by a High 
Court judge yesterday for a 
new -inquest into the death of 
their fourth child. 

Mr Justice McCullough 
quashed au open verdict re- 
turned by an inquest jury at 
Wrexham in’ November 1984 
and ordered a second inquest 
under another coroner. 

He said he would not state 
his reasons immediately be- 
cause he did not wish to cause 
any hurt through careless 

Mrs Virginia Bithell, who 
was accompanied by her hus- 
band David, both aged 33, 
said they were delighted and 
relieved by the ruling. But on 
the advice of their solicitor 
they declined to mats any 
further comment 
The case arose after • foe 
death of their son Adam, aged- 
seven months, al their home 
at Clarence Road. Wrexham, 
in -August 1984 . ' 

Presenting the application, 
Mr Gareth Williams, QC, 
submitted that the South 
wvd coroner, Mr John 
Hughes, had misdirected the 
jury and that there had been 
an inadequate analysis with a 
faulty review of foe evidence. 

In particular, Mr Hughes 
had not invited the jury to 
consider a verdict of death by 

Dr Donald Wyte, a Home 
Office pathologist, had told 
the inquest that the baby died 
of cardial respiratory failure 
owing to suffocation. 

However, Professor Hugh 
Johnson, of St Thomas's Hos- 
pital. who conducted a second 
post-mortem examination at 
the family’s request, said in 
evidence at the time that he 
could not support Dr Wyte’s 

The baby, spent foe first six 
months of his life in a special 
care unit at Leicester Royal 
Infirmary because a daughter 
and two sons born to Mrs 
Bithell between 1977 and 1982 
had died within eight weeks of, 
birth. - 

Their deaths were attribut- 
ed to sudden instant death 
syndrome, a mystery ailment 
which kills about 1,200 babies 
in Britain every year. Three 
weeks after leaving the hospi- 
tal, however, the Fourth child 
was also dead. 

Mrs Bithell said al the time 
that foe baby had been exam- 
ined regularly at home by a 
doctor and a health visitor. 

The class of 25 is full of culture 

Multicultural is foe key word for 
these pupils, aged seven, from Hallfi eM 
Junior School in Bayswater, central 

The class of 25 pupils share 24 
languages and 52 nationalities are 
represented among the school's 240 

- Mr Colin Pickles, the headmaster, Is 
proud of his “United Nations” and 
believes that a diversity of cultures 

creates a rich environment for his 

“No one group dominates so they all 
get on like a house on lire and take great 
interest in each other's customs", be 

The nationalities (and dialects) repre- 
sented are: 

Front row L to R: Colombia, The 
Philippines, Hie Netherlands, Malay- 
sia, Pakistan. 

Second row: Syria. Eritrea, India 
(Tamil), Bulgaria, Egypt, PortngaL 

Third row: Saudia Arabia, Italy, US, 
Spain, Seychelles (Creole), India (Hin- 
di), Sri Lanka (Sinhalese). 

Back row: Hong Kong (Cantonese), 
Jamaica (English), Algeria. France, 
Jordan, Morocco ( Berber), Greece. 

(Photograph: Ros Drink wafer) 

Satanists ‘plotted 
bank blackmail’ 

Satanists hatched a black- 
mail plot to trap a bank 
manager who had sexual inter- 
course with a woman custom- 
er, the “Satan co n man ” trial 
was told yesterday. 

They wanted Derry 
Main waring Knight to black- 
mail the manager who had 
been secretly tape-recorded by 
the woman, Maidstone Crown 
Court was told. 

Mr Randle Mainwaring, a 
retired bank director who is 
unrelated to Mr Knight, said 
Mr Knight asked him if the 
bank manager would be dis- 
missed if the sex claim was 
made public. 

Mr Knight said the woman 
had wanted a loan, but the 
manager would agree only if 
they had sexual' intercourse. 
He later forced his way into 
her bedroom. 

“The satanists were trying 
to persuade foe defendant. 

either personally or through 
his lady friend, to use black- 
mail as a means of obtaining 
money so he could buy satanic 
regalia” Mr Mainwaring said. 

Mr Mainwaring said he was 
“incredulous” at Mr Knight's 
"dastardly manoeuvre”. 

Mr Mainwaring, aged 73, 
said he first met Mr Knight at 
a Bible discussion group meet- 
ings at his house in Newtek. 

Mr Knight had “an amazing 
knowledge of the Bible” and 
would contribute serious com- 
ments, but never spoke about 

Mr Knight, aged 46, of 
Dormans Land, Surrey, denies 
19 charges of obtaining more 
than £200,000 by deception 
from committed Christians 
He claims that he used foe 
money to buy Satanic insignia 
to free himself from the 
control of the deviL 
The trial continues today. 

35p robber fights 
life ‘recall’ system 

A man jailed for life for 
robbing a pet shop of 35p with 
a starting pistol, yesterday 
appealed to foe European 
Court of Homan Rights in 
Strasbourg against being re- 
called to jail without trial. 

Robert Malcolm Weeks, 
aged 36, said the life sentence 
imposed in 1966 had served its 
purpose when be was released 
10 years later. His subsequent 
jailing without trial violated 
foe European Human Rights 
Convention, he said. 

Weeks was given life when 
aged 17 after admitting armed 
robbery. The trial judge, Mr 
Justice Thesiger, said Weeks 
was a dangerous young man. 
but added that “terrible 
though it may seem”. -foe life' 
term was “really in mercy to 
the boy” because it would 
allow him an earlier release 
than a fixed sentence. 

Weeks was released under 
licence in 1976 bat ordered 
back to prison 15 months later 
for a traffic violation. He had 
been in and out of jail until last 
September when he fled to 
France, and would be jailed on 
return to Britain. 

Weeks said he was sen- 
tenced for an indeterminate 
period because of hb "fluctu- 
ating personality". He was 
released because he was no 
longer judged a danger to 
himself or the public: foe 
purpose of foe 1966 judgement 
was served. 

Sir Patrick Mayhew, the 
Solicitor General, disagreed. 
“All life sentences under En- 
glish law deprive foe prisoner 
of liberty for life,” he said. 

- A parole board licence was a 
Home Secretary’s “permis- 
sion to live outside prison” 
but it did not restore the 
prisoner's right to liberty. 

Society to 
report on 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society is investi- 
gating foe case of a solicitor 
who is being sued by a former 
client, foe Iranian state ship- 
ping line, for allegedly accept- 
ing a “secret commission or 
bnbe" of £133.300., : 

The solicitor. Mr Peter Jon- 
athan Deo by, is the nephew of 
Sir Richard Denby. a former 
president of the Law Society, 
and his partner in the law firm 
of Denby and Co, of St Mary 
Hill. London EC3. 

The two went into partner- 
ship after Mr Denby was 
“dismissed" by his six former 
partners because of foe Irani- 
an action. The partners took 
High Court action to recoup 
the costs of the dissolution of 
their old firm, Uoyd Denby 
Neal, and have been awarded 
a six-figure sum in costs in an 
out-of-court settlement. 

An official from the Law 
Society’s professional pur- 
poses department said Mr 
Denby's case would be re- 
ferred to an outside solicitor 
who would be asked to report* 

The professional purposes 
committee would then deride 
if the case was serious enough 
to warrant a referral to the 
solicitors' disciplinary tribu- 
nal with its powers to fine, 
suspend or strike off. 

Mr Denby denies the allega- 
tions and will strenously resist 
the Iranian claim, due to come 
before the courts in the next 
few months. 

The Law Society will also 
inquire into the reasons why 
Mr Denby has not held a 
practising certificate for foe 
past two years. According to 
his solicitor, Mr Michael 
Cook, a member of the 
Solicitors’ Disciplinary Tribu- 
nal. it is because of an 
“administrative error”. He 
had now applied for one with 
Mr Cook's as one of the two 
needed signatures. 

The Iranian action arises 
from a dispute between foe 
Islamic Republic of Iran Ship- 
ping Lines and Greek ship 
owners over foe chartering of 
certain ships and delays in 
cargo delivery. 

The dispute was settled two 
years ago when foe Iranians 
agreed to pay £2.2million 
compensation. According to 
foe writ issued against Mr 
Denby. he received £133,300 
as a "secret commission or 
bribe” from the Greek ship 
owners’ agent for helping to 
arrange foe settlement. 

fear in 
flight plan 

An aviation consultant told 
a Central Criminal Court jury 
yesterday he had feared that a 
man he was being asked to 
help to fly out of Britain was a 
Libyan terrorisL 

Mr Sean Hully, a witness for 
foe prosecution, said: “I start- 
ed to get very bad feelings 
about it”. 

Mr Hully was giving evi- 
dence in foe trial of Godfrey 
Shiner, aged 48, a British 
businessman, who is accused 
of conspiring to pervert the 
course of justice by flying out 
of Britain a Libyan facing a 
drugs triaL 

Mr Hully said he was asked 
if he could arrange an execu- 
tive jet for "Muhammad”. 

He said: “When I met 
Muhammad my suspicions 
became very strong, wifo all 
that had been going on at the 
Libyan Embassy and so on. 
Muhammad was patently a 

- Mr Shiner, of Napton on the 
Hilt, Warwickshire, denies as- 
sisting Muhammad Sbebli to 
fly to Tripoli by private 
aircraftin 1984, a week before 
the Libyan was due to face a 
drugs trial at Croydon Crown 

Fan jailed for attack in soccer riot 

A football supporter was 
jailed yesterday for attacking 
thepolice during one of 
Britain’s worst socer riots. 

Nichols Ives, aged 24, 
struck two officers with , a 
broken advertising hoarding 
wifo a'nafl in it at Birmingham 
City’s home match gainst 
Leeds last May, Birmingham 
Crown Court was told. 

died after the game 
when a wall collapsed, and 
more than 200 people were 

Ives hit an inspector and a 
constable, puncturing his el- 
bow wifo foe nail as they tried 
to quell the violence of the 
Leeds supporters' end, Mr 
Christopher Tickle said for foe 

A Northampton supporter, Ives, of Hunters Way, 

mined two charges of assault 
causing actual bodily harm 
and blamed drink for his 
actions. He was jailed for nine 
months wifo six months sus- 
pended after the judge 
watched video recordings of 
foe match. 

The riot and the Bradford 
football fire on foe' same day 
led to foe Popplewell inquiry 
into safety al sports grounds. 

Bats may wake to tussle with the law 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

not be a permanent barrio-. 

«^ 4 ^«rh 2 tsare sfeepingsmmdly the tunnel by the Natme CoBsovancy 

in this^Sg undis* Coaacfl is because it is Bntams best 

tnrbcdf by fo * lega l wrangle 
overhangs their future. 


ago to 


ThetSwel was 200 years 

take tfce Bsstngswke Guud 
from foe Thames- _ Wfo a 
* 3 ^ w ^ree-quarters of a mded was 
XtHiiiti longest canal mm** ™ 
soagbem Ei^aod until part of n eare d 
tadtoat 55 years ago. 

Boats can no fooger enter becanse^stod 

pflje has been fitted across foe en- 

“^sdentiT* ***** s* 0 * ta 

single hibernation site for bats. 

“Nothing most be done that jeopar- 
dizes the presence of foe bats”, Mr Tony 
Mftchefl-Jones, s member of the chief 
scientist’s staff at the council, said. 
More than 580 of foe animals were 
found clto gjng to foe tunnel walls last 
month. . 

“You can multiply that number by two 
or three”. Dr Bob Stebbings, an expet 
mi bats, grid- "There is an unknown 
large number of bats in foe crevices 
behind the wall.” 

Canal enthusiasts want to conserve as 
much eW waterway as they can because 
so much has been filled in or bailt over in 
the past 50 years. The Surrey and Hants 
Canal Society accepted the Greywefl 
grille on the understanding that ft would 

It Is probable that there are still 
several million bats in Britain, but the 
numbers of all 15 native species are 
dwindling as hibernation sites are lost 
All bats are protected by wildlife law 
and it b an offence to disturb them 
without a licence from the council. 

The Basingstoke Canal enthusiasts 
believe they can work oat a way of 
aflowing boats through Greywefl tunnel 
wifoont disturbing the bats. “I think this 
would be a very dangerous gamble” Dr 
Stebbings said. "Hibernation sites are 
visited regularly by bats.” The canal 
society is convinced that the navigation 
given by Parliament in foe reign 
George III have survived. The legal 
question is: Does bat protection law 
override them? So Car, it appears, no 
dear answer has emerged. 

The paperclip is a classic example of 
practical design. Just the sort of innovation 
that makes small businesses grow large. 

Mobil, through good design and 
technical ingenuity are leaders in the field 
of petroleum product technology. During 
Industry Year, together with the Design 
Council we have launched Design for 
Growth ’86. It’s a competition specifically 
for small businesses. 

Design for Growth 

The aim is to help small companies 
which have innovative ideas or products - 
and bring them into the public eye. With. a 
cash prize of £10,000 for the overall 
winner, advertising and a major exhibition 
of the top fifty entries, it will also 
encourage these small businesses to grow. 

For more information on Design for 
Growth ’86, and entry details, write to the 
Awards Office, Design Council, 28 
Haymarket, London SW1Y 4SU. 






1 a 












5SB.MC3 &.V3-&5S-.S liF-glpTfig' 

r>A' i 




Ins urance market • Privatization • K< 

Extradition to be 
sought from US 

BA sell-off still on target 




Sir Micfaad Haven, the Attor- 
ney General, said during ques- 
' tion time in the Commons that 
he hoped Britain would be in a 
position to apply to the United 
States for extradition orders 
against Mr Peter Dixon, who is 
aliened to be involved in fraud 
at Lloyd's. 

But he pointed out that the 
US was vet y slow in dealing 
with extradition and that Britain 
must tint of all have a case 
which would satisfy American 

He was replying to Mr Ste- 
phen Boss (Isle of Wight. L) who 
said the Daily Mail had tracked 
down Mr Dixon to Virginia. He 
wanted to know when charges 
might be laid with regard to the 
allegations of fraud in the 
management of the Peter Cam- 
eron webb syndicate at Lloyd's. 
Sir Michael Havers said in- 
vestigations by the Fraud In- 
vestigation Group set up by the 
Director of Public Prosecutions 
were continuing to be pursued 

Substantial progress had been 
made in recent months but it 
would not be right for him to 
discuss the present situation or 
to speculate on when a decision 
would be taken about preferring 

Sir Peter Emery (Honiton. C) 
stressed the need to ensure that 
in cases of fraud particularly 
against small investors, the 
courts could act as soon as 
possible to bring the perpetra- 
tors to justice and he said there 
was very great public concern 
about this. 

Sir Michael Havers: I share his 
concern. We have improved the 
rate of prosecutions very mark- 
edly. The number committed 
for trial for serious frauds was 25 
in 1983, 43 in 1984 and 93 in 

1985. In 1985 there were 150 
prosecutions started 55 trials 
were completed of which 42 
resulted in conviction, which is 
well above average. So there is a 
great deal on which to com- 
pliment the Fraud Investigation 

Mr Dennis Skinner (Bolsover. 
Lab): Peter Dixon was served 
with a writ in the US some short 
time ago in respect of a civil 
action. If it is possible for the 
civil authorities to serve a writ 
on this man. who together with 
his partner got away with £39 
million, whv is it that the 

Government the fraud squad 
and the people acting on behalf 
of the DPP find themselves 
unable to track down this man 
to cany out what most people 
regard as British justice? 

If old age pensioners can be 

Boss: When will charges 

done for taking a tin ot salmon, 
surely the British people will 
regard this as less than even- 
handed when the crooks in the 
City' can get away with blue 

Sir Michael Havers: The test of 
proof needed for civil proceed- 
ings is different from that in 

criminal proceedings. What is 
happening with regard to this 
case is that the Deputy Director 
of Public Prosecutions is head- 
ing a squad consisting of an 
assistant director, a professional 
officer. two detective 
superindemants, five counsel, of 
whom two are QCs. and all of 
them have been trained in the 
process of re-insurance. 

The difficulty is tracing the 
funds to their ultimate benefi- 
ciaries. These funds have gone 
through several countries. Some 
of the witnesses have been 
unhelpful . and 1 am probably 
using an understated phrase, 
and the laws abroad about 
disclosure of confidential 
information are very difficult 

for us to deal with. 

In Switzerland we have been 
having difficulty but we are 
doing everything possible to 
bring to justice those who 
committed these offences. 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar, Cy. Will he 
confirm that whoever or what- 
ever is holding up the prosecu- 
tion of these persons it is not, as 
has been suggested. Lloyd’s? 
They are prepared to give every 
possible assistance in bringing 
these people to justice. 

Sir Michael Havers: I can 
confirm that Lloyd's have given 
to the director all relevant 
documents and 1 am grateful for 
that. But the other difficulties in 
taking evidence abroad and the 
rules of confidentiality have 
made it very difficult indeed to 
ge t on as fast as we would like. 

Parliament today 

Lords (2.30k Local Government 
Bill, third reading. 

Commons (2.30): Budget state- 
ment: opposed private business: 
Housing Support GranL (Scot- 
land) Variation (No 2) Order 
motion on second report of 
Privileges Committee. 

The Government still hopes to 
privatize British Airways in the cbeeraL 
next financial year, starting next Mr RM**y: j®. 

uy to prevent British Ainwiys 
from ordering or purchasing, 
between now and 1995. the 
aonrooriate aircraft to keep 
the lead? (Conservative 

m. ^ ** 

it would so during the coming RibMe, Q. Especially the air 

British Airways would like to Lord King about the dfcvdop- 
ememin Labour MPs. mem programme ' and the. 

Now we have a position replacement of the British Aff- 
where, by pressure in die House ways flees?-Willhe make dear-ta 
and the media, the Government . Lord King that privatization of 
is criticized for not going more the helicopter division should 
quickly with privatization of cease forthwith? 

ida wayofgettmgairee tavjTol pialpomd privates- 

i.j„ tion. The position before last 
keKUmqnadKLldo week was tlatwr hoped rtwcnild 
.w i(Ws''- be possible id privatize it during : 

5 c * xmoc * thecoming financial year. It is 
^ aiU the position. The Govern- 

|DL British, Am^c 

summer, Mr Nicholas Ridley, 
Secretary of State for Transport, 
said during Commons ques- 
tions. . . 

He added an assurance that 
equipment needed by British 
Airways would be sanctioned on 
the basis of viability and he 
would not interfere with 
commercial decisions by British 

Mr Robert McCrindle (Brent- 
wood and Ongar, C). in opening 
the exchanges, asked: Now that 
privatization has been post- 
poned. without prejudice to 
current talk of management 
buy-out. would Mr Ridley be 
able to assure me that the other 
principal plank of Government 
aviation policy, cultivation and 
encouragement of competition 
among British airlines on appro- 
priate routes, is not equally 
likely to be postponed? 

Has he any new initiatives in 
that respect to announce? 

Mr Ridley: The Government’s 
policy on competition was set- 
tled in the White Paper on 
airline competition policy in 
October 1984. endorsed by the 

We shall continually watch 
for opportunities for increasing 
competition in the airline in- 
dustry. 1 have no plans for 
reopening the matter again. 

Mr Lewis Carter-Jones (Ecdes, 
Lab): Can be give a firm 
assurance that, whether British 


Mr Terence Dicks (Hayes and 
Hariington,C): When will the 
minister look at the well-being 
of British Airways as be did of 
British Airports Authority and 
consider positively the proposed 
management buyout? .. 

Mr Ridley: The mystery about 
this alleged management buy- 
out is that there is nobody who 

suggested the idea. 

A Conservative MR The press. 
Mr Ridley: The chairman of 
British Airways (Lord King) has 
written to the Prime Minister 
and the letter is now in the 
public domain, saying “We 
would prefer privatization to be 
accomplished by means of pub- 
lic flotation and pursue such an 
intention with much vigour 
while continuing to work closely 
with Nicholas Ridley and his 
department. We support her 
Majesty’s Government's efforts 

f i 1 1 
ri M 


might find a way of gating a free 

MrFoidkes lam onatfieL Ido 
not need a free lunch.' 

Mr Gerald Howards (Cannock 
and BurntwoodC): h is no good 
giving the investor risk-free 
investment British. Aerospace 
‘and British Petroleum ana the 
British Airports Authority, are 
subject to the will of, the 
Government. Many of us regard 
it as u nn acce pa ble that the 
flotation has been delayed on 
the grounds of inability to write 
a prospectus. 

Mr Tony Banks (Newham, 
■North West, Lab): They want to 
buy shares. 

Mr. Ridley: The writing of a 
prospectus places a heavy and 
important responsibility on the 
vendor and the board to make 
sure that it contains entirely 
correct information about the 
future, on which .investment 
decisions are to be made, 

That applies to any. company 


The.: equipment needed . .by 
British Airways, on the basis Of a 

viability test, will be sanctioned 
by the Government I have no 
intention to' interfere -with 
commercial decisions which 
British Airways may or may not 
take in disposing of the heli- 
copter division. 

to pursue to *. successful out- and at present the 

come - negotiations with the 
United States Government over 
the Bermuda agreement.” 

1 am not quite sure what the 
row is about 

Mr George Feulkes (Garrick, 
Cumnock and Doon Valley, 

the company are too great but 1 
hope that ' the time will soon 
come when it will be possible to 

Mr Robert Hughes, chief 
Oppposnion - spokesman (to 
transport: I understand bis 

Lab): Lord King invited. 140 .embarrassment and his not 

Tory MPS to a gargantuan 
beanfeast in the Savoy. Does the 
minister think that isa good way 
of spending public money? Wm 
he find out what is was all about 

Airways is publicly or privately- and do something about it? 

owned, neither he nor an' 
member of the Government wii 

Mr Ridley: 1 am sure the time 

coming last week to explain yet 
again that he _ has had to post- 
pone the flotation of British 

Will he be more forthcoming 
and say that privatization win 
be abandoned - and that be will 

will come when the board of have urgent discussions with 

•MPs . should have an emer- 
gency debate on British Airways 
because the future of the world's 
largest airline was uncertain, 
due to the open- and public 
disagreement between Mr Rid- 
ley, Secretary of State for Trans- 
port. and Lord King, BA's 

chairman, Mr Pete Stupe, an 
.Opposition spokesman .on 
transport, said taler. 

He told the Speaker (Mr 
Bernard Weather®) that Lord 
Kina was seeing the Prime 
-Minister to urge a management 
buy— out in ap p ar ent defiance of 
Mr Ridley. ' 

This was a decision which 
should betaken by MPs and not 
one to be made over expensive 
lunches by most of the 1922 
Committee at the Savoy HoteL 

The Speaker refused the 
application for an emergency 

Dickens attacked over rape claim 

Lady HoopcnTbe Cona mra ea i 
has stated ***** consideration is 
to be gives not only to sufferers 
but the peopl e who look after 
toon in toe community. 


Minister happy with bus 
route registration 


property where it should be — on 
local authorities and not the bus 

Before registration of bus ser- 
vices under the Transport Act 
1985. the National Bus Com- 
pany had expected that about 70 
per cent of existing routes would 
be covered. In fact, the figure 
had turned out to be nearer SO 
per cent -about 1 5.000 services 

on the day registration closed. 
Mr Nicholas Ridley. Secretary 

Mr Nicholas Ridley. Secretary 
of State for Transport, said 
during questions in the Com- 

He was answering Mr Robert 
Hughes, chief Opposition 
spokesman on transport who 
said the number of services 
registered was far below even 
the most pessimistic forecasts. 

In some cases, it had been as 
low as 20 per cent Vast swathes 
of the country were becoming 
nothing more than open prisons 
as a result of this policy. 
(Conservative protests). 

Mr Ridley said it was a major 
benefit that responsibility for 
providing socially necessary 
routes on social and political 
grounds was now firmly and 

local authorities and not the bus 

Earlier. Mr Ridley had told 
Mr James Hamilton (Mother- 
well North. Lab) that if the 
15.000 services now registered 
did not include late-night or 
weekend services, the county 
council in whatever area had the 
right and duty to lender for extra 
services on contract. That was 
why they had public assistance 
with (heir expenditure. 

The fact that 15.000 services 
had been registered which 
would be at no cost to the 
taxpayer or ratepayer, should be 

Mr James Lamond (Oldham 
Central and Royton. Labi said 
that some of the things pre- 
dicted during passage of the 
Transport Bill through Par- 
liament were coming to fruition. 

There were thousands of 
redundancies among transport 
workers. Many small villages 
were without services. Fares 
were already forecast to go up. 
This was forecast to be the 
biggest fiasco over which even 
Mr Ridley had presided. 

Mr Ridley reminded Mr 
Lamond that the registered ser- 

vices would operate without 
subsidy. Then there was the 
extraordinarily successful effect 
of minibus services. 

In Exeter these were running 
at three times the capacity they 
had before the BilL providing 
many hundreds more jobs for 
drivers and operating at a profit 
instead of a loss. He did not 
know what Mr Lamond was 
complaining about 
•In later exchanges, Mr Roger 
Stott, for the Opposition, said 
ministers had made much of the 
figure of 15,000 services being 
registered. They would have 
done greater service to the 
House had they been more 
honest and expressed them as a 

In Greater Manchester only 
40 per cent of services had been 
registered as profitable, leaving 
60 per cent of the routes 
currently being run as unprofit- 

Those routes must be sub- 
sidized by ratepayers* or 
taxpayers’ money. The money 
allocated to the metropolitan 
authorities fell far below the 
level required to maintain those 

Mr Geoffrey Dickens EngHeh law 
(Littleborough and If the pi 

Saddleworth.CX die MP who evidence ag 
named a doctor in a par- should be l 
liamemary question about an could be nc 
alleged rape of an eight-yearold Had pari 
girt, came under attack from been abuse 
MPs on both sides of the House could that j 
of Commons. (Cheers). 

The Speaker, Mr Bernard u , 
Weaihenll, said it was the rrtr^imcSJr! 
responsibility of MPs to ensure 
that they used their freedom in a 

^ Whi 2LfilJ^, needle ^ y “iffSi 

damage those who did not eiyoy of 0 neofh 

police had ii 

Dr Michael Oait(Rocfafo(d,C) Opinion an 
had earlier raised a point of The point o 
order about the use. and pos- respousibfe 
able abuse, of parliamentary £ ^ not , 
Privilege.^ . tfaestronges 

He said he did so with u nnv 

liamentary privilege and news- 
paper headlines. Now he 
struggled to prove his inno- 
cence. That was contrary to 

Fnrtirii law. 

If the police had sufficient 
evidence against the doctor, he 
should be brought to triaL But 
could be now have a fair trial? 

Had parliamentary privilege 
been abused? If it had. how 
could that practice be stopped? 

Mr Norman SC Jofaa-Stevns 

(Chelmsford, Q said this tragic 
case of the alleged rape of a child 
took place in his constituency 
and the child was the daughter 
of one of his constituents. The 
police had indicated that in their 

does not cover the conduct -of 
Mr Dickens. It is in your power. 

however, to set. a precedent by 
which if in a case like this an MP 
wishes to name a person who is 
accused but not yet charged he 
should do so on' the floor of the 
House by way of reference to a 
letter he has sent to the Attorney 
General in which- the MP can 
mention the name* of the ac- 

Mr John_Ryman (Blyth Valley, 
Lab) said any MP genuinely 
interested in bringing somebody 

The difficulty I found myself 
in was this. People who offend 
■against children do so in pri- 
vacy, by and large, without an 
audience. When the victims are 
little -children and where our 
courts are unable unless there is 
other corroboration to pros- 
ecute we are in some difficulty. 

Children were being abused 
and cases were not coming to 
court because the DPP had 
derided otherwise. 

May I (he said) unreservedly 

to justice had a perfectly easy apologize to the MPs who have 
remedy. It was to wri t a private criticized roe, but may I say to 
meeting with a law officer who and everyone of them that 

opinion a rape had taken place. 
Toe point oidoubt was who was 

could through the DPP ask the 
police to make the necessary 
inquiries. If there was not 
sufficient legally arim iMahla ev- 

believe me. I am fighting and 
have been fighting a national 
crusade to protect httie children. 

. He did not intend to name 


Is it not (he went on) one of 
the strongest conventions of this 
House that constituency cases 

idence the Attorney General or anyone, but Mr McNamara had 

a man in his constituency who 

considerable, hesitation and re- w taken up by the MP? 
net since it referred to die Nothing was said to toe by Mr 
Conservative MP * For nirfem Mhrr hr. nnt dnwn hM 

Conservative MP • For 
Littleborough and Saddleworth 
(Mr Geoffrey Dickens ). On 

Dickens before be put down his 
question on the order paper. 
Should there, not be some 

p. C\: 

5ft* V r. 

Thursday, March 13, Mr Dick- protection for MPS in these 
ens had tabled a question asking cases? I had taken up the case 

the Attorney General to pros- 
ecute a doctor in his (Dr Clark’s) 

with the local police and with 
the Director of Public Prosecu- 


Essex constituency, m respect of uons. Both advised me that 
a rape offence. The man was within the law their legal impar- 


It is not for me to comment 
on the man’s guilt or innocence 
(he said). I am content to let the 
law take its course: 

rial opinion was that a prosecu- 
tion could not succeed and 
therefore should not take place. 

May we gave some protection 
and guidance on this crucial 

It was a double abuse: naming point? The higher the privilege 

Tercentenary of revolution 


Celebrations in 1988 to mark 
the tercentenary of the glorious 
or bloodless revolution and the 
Bill of Rights were announced in 
a statement to the Commons by 
the Speaker. Mr Bernard 

These were the foundation (he 
said) from which evolved peace- 
fully the system of par- 
liamentary democracy under the 
constitutional monarchy which 
we enjoy today and inspired the 
constitutions of many other 
countries of the world. Par- 
liament would wish to take a 
lead in celebrations to mark this 

He said he and the Lord 
Chaircell or (Lord Hailsham of 
St Marylebone) bad today ap- 
pointed a small committee of 
MPs and peers to advise them 
on tire form of these celebrations 
and oversee the arrangements to 
be made. 

The Prime Minister, the 
Leader of the Opposition and 
the leaders of the other parties 
in the Commons had indicated 
tbeir full support for the pro- 
posal and bad agreed to become 
patrons of the project. 

The chairman of the advisory 
committee would be Mr Francis 
Pym (South East Cambridge- 
shire, C), and the other MPs 
would be: Mr Michael Foot 

(Blaenau Gwent Lab); Mr Roy 
Jenkins (Glasgow, Hfllhead, 
SDPk Mr Cranley Onslow 
(Woking, C); Mr John 
Stradling-Thomas (Monmouth, 
Ck Mr Nigel Spearing (New- 
ham , South, Lab); and Mr 
Patrick Cormack (South 
Staffordshire, C). 

Mr Eric Dealrins (Waltham- 
stow, Lab): The next Parliament 
to be elected, no later than the 
same year 1988. will be the 
fiftieth Parliament of the United 
Kingdom and might also merit 
some appropriate commemora- 

The Speaker replied that maybe 
they would be able to commemo- 
rate both events. 

a person before a charge has 
been made and — since this 
matter involved rape - to name 
someone at all until or unless 
they had been found guilty. 

Like all other MPs (he said) I 
wish to see all criminals, 
particularly rapists and es- 
pecially child abusers, brought 
to justice. If rt is felt the police 
are not being diligent, that 
individuals bring protected, it is 
right and proper to ask the 
Attorney Gtmeral to investigate 
further. Mr Dickens would nave 
been doing a public service if he 
had put his question and omit- 
ted the name. Now, he is 

the greater the sense of 
responsibility with which it 
should be used. 

Mr Kevin McNamara (Hull 

St Jehn-Stevas: Nothing said 
to me by Mr Dickens * 

Solicitor General would no 
doubt tell the MP that. 

There was a perfectly discreet 

North. Lab) said Mr Dickens and realistic .way of dealing with 
had alto m ttoe allegations about these matters. He supported the 

a north Humberside oonstit- application t 
uenL sider this a b 

He has done ibis (be contra- Mr Dickens 
ued) without any consultation years since b 
with me, any reference to. me, one in the 
any discussion with me. distasteful tb 

As a result of this statement He wanted te 
bring made the press h«d During th 
wimp ed out at a particular letters, had' fli 
church in the Hull North allegations o 

sider this a breach of privilege. 
Mr Dickens said it was five 
years since he last named some- 
one in the House Itwas a 
distasteful thing to have to da 
He wanted to be helpfuL 
During the past five years 
letters had flooded to fiim with 

was abusing children. He had 
named him in a question al- 
ready. . 

Tbe Speaker saoAErsktne May 
ifcade rt dear Thar the invidious 
use of a person’s name in a 
question should only be resorted 
to. if- to-do so : was strictly 
necessary to render the question 
intelligible;. , ... 

.-.I commend .; to . MPs (he 
continued) the advice in appro- 
priate- cases of supplying the 
minuter privately with the 
name of the individual who is 
the subject of a question. I hope 
that wherever possible MPs will 

use that method, of avoiding 

^®™ng ***® unnecessarily damping ref 
Dicta® ■ • ercnccs to individuals. 

I would no Freedom of speech is essential 
that • to the work of Parliament. It is 

fectly discreet the responsibility of every in- 
if dealing with dividual MP to ensure that he 
supported the us« bis freedom in a way that 
made to con- does not needlessly damage 
ofprivikgE. those who- do not enjoy, that 
it was five privilege and in a way that does 
named some- not. damage the' good name of 
te. It", .was. a" this House, 
i have to da Mr McNamara thanked the 
ctpniL Speaker for his ruling and said if 

st five years Mr Dickens bad put down a 
1 to" him with written question including the 

Lord Campbell of Croy (Ck The 
Timm has p e r fo rmed a weteome 
and outstanding service in 
informing its readers about 
these matte* hi Us series of 
articles about mental Illness; to 
particular they will have dis- 
pelled the 9mm this b a 
JekyH and Hyde phenomenon. 

Lady Hooper The Govern- 
ment welc o med the series of 
articles in The Times as well as 
recent programmes on television 
co n cer n ing sc hi zophrenia. 

The cases qaoted were not 
uniqae nor were they necessarily 
typicaL It is the Government’s 
intention to preserve hospitals 
or in st it utions for this type of 
sufferer so those net capable of 
total care In the community can 
have periodic stays in hosphaL 
Lord Ehryn-Jones. a former 
Lard Chancellor: Is the Govern- 
ment siring sufficient help to 
bodies Gke the Mental Health 
Foundation which, are doing 
admirable' works' . 

Lady Hooper The Government 

fully acknowledge* the valuable 
c o ntribution- of the" voluntary 

c on tr ibuti on- of thc^ voluntary 
sector ami other organizations. 
Theto has recently bosti remark- 
able progress la research tech- 
niques to help stofero-s and the 
Government does help the vol- 
untary sector by making gnus 
available for retouch. 

Debate sought 
on Maxwell 

allegations of cases be had to name then if should be altered, 
constituency. Everyone knew look uuo and demanding that he The Speaker said be had no 
who was involved in this mat- named names of various people, knowledge of such a question 
ter. As a result a person had been some very important. He sent but be would look carefully at 
tried by media and subjected to toe file always to the Home any question submitted. 

denying justice. 
The foil detj 

ine nil! detank the case tried by media and subjected to the file always to the Home 
bad "a form of parliamentary lynch- Office, who investigated there 
1 rnr l n^l , Sf^i rr rM S law - This was a matter which cases for him, and in many cases 
for Chelmsford (Mr should be referred to the to the chief constables con- 

the MP for Chelmsford (Mr 
Norman Sv lohn-Stevas) would 
know. The man could not now 
defend himself without riving 
details that would identify the 
rape victim. 

In the absence ofa defence, be 
had been found guilty by par- 

should be referred to the 
Committee of Privileges. 

Mr Edvnud Leigh (Gains- 
borough and Horn castle, C) 
referred the Speaker to a para- 
graph of Erskine May on per- 

to the chief constables con- 
cerned. Therefore he was jeal- 
ously guarding and not misusing 
parliamentary privilege. 

But when I was elected to this 
House (he said) I felt I could 

sonal reflections. You may rule come here and speak without 
(he said) that that paragraph fear or.fevour .1." 

Mr George Foalkes (Garrick, 
Cumnock and Doon 
Valley, Lab) said Mr Dickens 
had said he had tabled a 

The Speaker: Mr Dickens has - 
submitted a question which has 
not yet been accepted by the 
Table Office, r wifi look most 
carefully at ii 

The Scottish community was up 
inarms at Mr Robert Maxwell's 
disruptive management of the 
Daily Record and Sunday Mat! 
newspapers which threatened to 
destroy their Scottish identity. 
Mr Gordon Wilson (Dundee 
East, SNP) said in the Com- 
mons when unsuccessfully 
applying for an emergency de- 
bate on the Scottish press dis- 

. He said these, bi g — ci rc ulation 
newspapers were unaffected by 
the generaJ Fket Street crisis. 
They were produced m up-to- 
date plant, using modern tech- 
nology. There was no tradition 
of militancy at the works. 

Mood of Ulster Unionists: 2 

Fears for the future bring 
thoughts of co-operation 

Sex case 
judge says 
police lied 

But there was no sign of the 
parties coming together and the 
future of tiie papers was in 

The Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WeatheriU) said the matter did 
not meet-, the criteria for an 
emergency debate. - 

-c/4' *• • 

rt > . 

“There is a real sense of 
frustration, uncertainty and 
insecurity”, a Presbyterian 
minister from Co Armagh 
said. “My people don't know 
what will happen, what the 
outcome of this action will be 
and whether the ‘loyalist’ poli- 
ticians and their henchmen 
know where they are going.” 

But he is certain of one 
thingj His people do not want 
the link with Britain broken 
and are Unionist with all Lhat 
implies. He will not be named 
because of his position as a 
minister others opposed lo 
the action being plotted by 
hard line loyalists fear to 
speak ouL 

In the small Unionist com- 
munity anyone not whole- 
heartedly behind the various 
protests is at risk of denuncia- 
tion as a quisling or collabora- 

In the business community 
there is growing alarm that the 
image of political instability 
will damage the great efforts 
that have been made to try to 
attract industry and invest- 
ment into the province. 

The growing feeling that life 
was slowly returning to a 
semblance of normality and 
that the worst was over has 
been ended and a new mood 
of uncertainty and doubt 
about the future has arisen 
since November. 

Frightened by the trouble on the streets during the day 
of action, and certain that most of their followers will 
never willingly break the link with Britain . some 

Unionist leaders are signalling that compromise with 
the minority is the other way forward. Richard Ford re- 

ports in the second of two articles. 

Although there are as yet no ster says No" the Unionist 
iports ofanv bie exodus from 

reports ofany big exodus from 
Protestant areas, there are 
nagging doubts about the long- 
term prospects for the prov- 

On the day of action loyal- 
ists looked into the abyss and 
the more traditional and con- 
servative Official Unionists 
were apalied and frightened. 

The party's supporters let 
the leadership know their 
reaction and the party that 
puts faith in the link with 
Westminster denounced the 
violence and said it would 
play no further part in strikes 
against the agreement. 

Leading Official Unionist 
MPs were horrified when they 
discovered that youths man- 
ning barricades took no notice 
of them. 

For most Official Unionists 
the main aim of their cam- 
paign is 10 fry to begin talking 
to Britain in the realization 
that they will have to swallow 
a dose of highly unpleasant 

Behind the rhetoric of “Ul- 

leadership is realizing that it 
must say yes to something and 
that that will probably involve 
some form of devolved part- 
nership government with the 
nationalist minority. 

Several leading Unionists 
have begun the difficult task of 
feeing loyalists with the unpal- 
atable facts. Mr Frank Millar, 
general secretary of ihe OUP. 
said in Armagh at the weekend 
that in any negotiation with 
the British Government 
Unionists would have to give 
full and proper accommoda- 
tion of the minority commu- 
nity and to develop a 
framework for genuine co- 

Probably the most common 
view is support for partner- 
ship government in theory 
until people are asked what 
they mean by such a proposal 

As one Co Armagh busi- 
nessman explained: “1 think 
power sharing is the answer as 
long as the Catholics have no 
positions of responsibility." , 


A Crown court recorder who 
was fined £200 for kerb crawl- 
ing last month told 
Knjghtsbridge Crown Court 
yesterday that the findings at 
the previous hearing were 
against the weight of evidence 
and be was not guilty of the 

Colin Hart-Leverton, QC 
aged 49. was opening jus 
appeal against the conviction 
by Wells Street magistrates, 
lire police said that he had 
approached three women in 
the Bayswater area of central 
London while driving a hired 
white Mini Metro. 

During the hearing Hart- 
Leverton said that the two 
officers concerned had fabri- 
cated their evidence in an 
attempt to frame him. Mr 
James Campbell, the magis- 
trate, accused tire judge of 

Yesterday, Mr John 
Mathew, QC for the appel- 
lant, told the hearing: “The 
issue here is quite simply 
whether the evidence of the 
police officers is rriiabte”. 

During cross-examination 
Police Constable Stephen Far- 
row, one of the officers, had 
said that none of the three 
women alleged to have been 
approached by the recorder 
was available in court ■ as 
witnesses. “The reason for 
that, quite simply, is that none 
of them ever existed except in 

Sex change man 9 s 
court challenge 


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Mr Colin Hart-Leverton leaving his car before the opening 

A man who changed his sex 
in his twenties takes the 
Government to court today 
for refusing to alter his birth 

Mr Marie Rees, aged 44, of 
Tunbridge Wells, Kent claims 
that Briiain is in breach of the 
European Convention on Hu- 
man Rights by not reco gnizi ng 

his legal status as a man. 

But the Home Office says he 
was female at birth and must 
remain registered as such.- 

Mr Rees," born as Brenda, 
changed his name by deed poll 
in 1971 after undergoing med- 
ical treatment lo change his 

sex: i - • - ■ ■ ■■■■■.. 

, Mr Rees's passport, driving 
licence and national insurance 
card were all altered to show 
his adopted male forename. 

But the Government re- 
fused to change his birth 
certificate, dting a 1953 Act 
which, allows alteration only 

your imagination*', Mr 
Mathew said. 

He accused PC Farrow of 
not telling the tntfa and of 
m a tin g op a story about 
chasing a pros titute alleged to 
have had a conversation with 
his client. 

Mr Mathew also snggested 
that the two officers had 
concocted an admission later 
alleged to have been made to 
them by Hart-Leverton. He 
said that neither of the officers 
mentioned kerb crawling to his 
client when they approached 

his car on tin n^btof October 
2. Instead, they warned him 
that he was in a red light area 
and that it would be wise for 
him to be on his way. 

Hart-Leverton has said dint 
he went to Bayswater to visit 
tiie house where hislather had 
lived and died. 

Yesterday the bearing, be- 
fore Judge Geoffrey Jones and 
two jnstjces of the pe ace, re- ; 
examined the . evidence given 
during the magistrates 1 coart 
hearfes. ■ • 

The hearing continues. 

of errors, incorrect statements 
or omissions. 

The Government win tell 
the Human Rights Court in 
Strasbourg today that the birth 
.certificate correctly identified 
Mr Rees as female, and must 
remain unaltered as an accu- 
rate record. 

Biit Mr Rcei? says that the 
continued existence of his 
original birth certificate is an 
unwarranted interference in 
ms privacy, contrary to the 
Human Rights Convention, 
and threatens his honour and 
dignity because it identifies 
jureas female by .the names on 
it and the explicit entry about 
his sol . 

He says the certificate is not 
amply a record of the fects at 
the. time, but has to be 
presented to obtain a first 
Passport, foe insurance poli- 
ctes, or to show to prospective 

_ Tfe Duike . of Edinburgh, 
Lord Chnington, and three 
prime' ministers- will be the 
guests in a Series of interna- 
tional phone-ins on Radio 4 
and theWorid Service, 

The Prime Minister of New 
Zealand, Mr David - Lange, 
will open lie series of 45- 
minute programmes. It’s Your 
j*?'™, on April 13..He witt be 
followed on consecutive Sun- 
days, by the Duke,; who wifi 

s radio phone-in 

BfinbuitfL. JgpeyjM i president 0 f the 

appear as | president of the 
Worid Wildlife Bind Interua- 
- twnal; Lord Carrington, secre- 
tory, general of Nato; and Dr 
Georgy .Arbatsovv director of 
the. USA-Omada Institute in 
Moscow. ; 

, J^ reraail Wl»ogram mes 
will feature the Prime Miniy 
Jer of Portugal,- Mr Atiibal 
Cavaco Silva; and . the Prime 
Minister of Dominica, Miss 
Eugenia Charles; '*■ \ ' 

been welcomed by the Cerern- 
ment as cresting * greater 
awareness hi the emm^nty of 
the problems of wAtotaw 
Lady Hooper, the Goieusment 
mM in Che Hoax of 
Lords during question time. 

Asked if tbe Government had 
noted rim articles, ahe sahfc Yes, 
the Govomcflt 1ms noted the 

articles. It has for none time 
been address** Nf to Che 
notions recently WgMibted m 
Tie Times. 

The development of local 
Hines* services, Jndnd- 
Ing hospital services and re- 
search into UWWfsl fitness and 
ff|n— se rvices, h ave 
dhecthy benefited raffia cm of 

The Gove rn ment recently am- 
aotmeed its deefafoa te launch a 
series of development projects 
which win ensure that h e a lt h 
districts can Offer comprehen- 
sive care to people with schizo- 
phrenia living hi the CMummity. 
Lady EffiotaHamod (Ch It is 
very juntoif to look after 
schizophrenics hi the commu- 
nity and there b ate anything 
Bh» a deq uate hdp available. If 
something is not done tragedies 
Eke people iiamiilftlnn snidde 
wad happen more often. 

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The French election # Communists the big loseis # Mitterrand’s options * Doubts abroad 

Bargaining begins 
in the Paris 

off hook over 
Le Peri coalition 

- The traditional right man. 
aged to . gain an absolute 
majority or seals in Sunday's 
general election, bat only by 
the skin of hs teeth. For (be 
first time - under the Fifth 
‘ Republic, France now has a 
majority in parliament op- 
posed to the President 

On their own, the two main 
opposition parties, the centre- 
right UDF and the GauOist 
RPR, obtained only 277 seats, 
according to figures released 
yesterday by the Interior Min- 
istry. Tins » well short of the- 
289 seats needed for the 
absolute majority they say 
they need to form a govern- 

However, they can expect to 
get the support of the 14 > 
deputies elected under diverse 
moderate-right tickets, and 
will thereby be able to avoid 
the agonizing choice of wheth- 
er to form an alliance with the 
extreme-right National From, 
which the national leadership 
of the two parties has so far 
consistently rejected. 

The National Front has 
emerged as the meat victor of 
rite elections- With 9.8 per 
cent of the vote, it enters the 
National Assembly fin- the 
first time in its 14-year life 
with 33 deputies, enough to 
form an officially recognized 
parliamentary group, with all 
the privileges that entails, 
including important speaking 
rights in debates. 

Although the Front's seme 
is substantially (ess than the 
1 5 per cent its leader, M Jean- 
Marie Le Pen, was predicting, 
it is significantly more than all 
the opinion polls were prodiefi- 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

mg, and confirms the move- 
ment as - one of the five major 
political parlies in France. 

The National Front has now 
just overtaken the Communist 
Party in importance in terms 
of votes, though not in seats. 

The Communists are' the 
great losers of the election. 
With 9.7 per cent of the vote, 
they have fallen to ibeir lowest 
level for more than 50 years, 
con firm ing a decline over the 

past five years after consis- 
tently obtaining 20 to 25 per 
cent over the previous -two 

The Communists' depar- 
ture from government in 
1984, after getting their previ- 
ous lowest score of 1 1 per cent 
in the European elections, and 
their virulent criticism of the 
Socialist government's poli- 
cies since then, evidently 
failed to regain them any 
support. The pro-Moscow, 
hardline leadership- is. now 
certain to come mto question 

Looking tired and down- 
cast, M Georges Marchais, the 
general secretary, appeared on 
televirion on Sunday night to 
denounce the “enormous 
blackmail exerted on Commu- 
nist voters to convince them 


Rassembtement pour la RtpuHaw fflPRl. Created by Jacques 
Chirac in 1976 out of the.former GaoHist Union des Democrates 
pour la R6pubfique section of society. The largest, most 
tSsdpfined, richest and best org ani zed of me pofitical parties, cut- 
ting across a broad cross-section of right-wing and popuSst 
opmtoa President Jacques Chirac, aged 53. 

Union pow ta Dfcnodaitta Ranfaiae Loose federation of 
centre-right parties formed in 1978. Two main constituents: 
Centre des Democratas Soci&uxiCDS) and the Parti R6pufalicain 
(PR). Raymond Barroend former President Giscard dlEstaingare 
among hs mambefs^Jttf thetituiar leader is' Jean Lecanuet,: 66. 
SociaSst P^ty (PSLOfXgnsdate back to 1905, but present party 

Has shifted over past tiveyearategoaernme n t-to become a oen- 
trist social-democratic party. President Mitterrand continues to 
act as the party's spiritual leader, but Lionel Jospin, aged 48, is 
the First Secretary. . 

Comm unis t Party (PS). Founded 1920. An attempt two years ago 
by members wfth Euro-Communist sympathies to reform and 
modernize the party after its severe set-back in the European 
elections fried. Pro-Moscow hardeners stifl hold sway, though 
they haveleamt to moderate their tone over recent years. General 
Secretary since 1972, Georges Marchais, aged 65. 

National Front (FNL Extreme-right Founded! in 1972 by Jean-Ma- 
rie te Pen, former Poujatfiste Deputy In the 1950s. Got less than 2 
per cent of the vote in national elections until the economic reces- 
sion and rise in racism in Ranee in 1983. Won 1 1 per cent of vote 
In the 1984 European Parfiaroent elections. President, Jean-Marie 
le Pen, aged 57- 

Left to right: M Marchais, M Barre and M Le Pen. 

General election Jane, 1981 
Turnout 703 per cent 
Voters 25J2m9kMt 
Percentage of vote 

PS . 37 

PC 16 

RPR 21 

UDF 19 ■ 

Ecohwtets 1.1 

Right W 
Divers* Left 0.8 

Diverseffight .2.8 

Extreme Left Vf 

Seats (Total Assembly 491) 
PC 44 

PC 44 

PS 285 

NF 0 

RPR 80 

UDF 62 

Diverse Right 
Non-Affibned 12 

- Provisional Sgum, uefadtag 

fevoWoB two Mat*. 

""General Election March, 1986 
' 762 per cent 
292 mffion 



(UDF plus RPR) 409 

'- ’ 12 

. ' ■ j . • 92 



: 12 

Seats (Total Assembly 5^ 


• ; 206 

33 i 

Other Right 4 

nffa from two overs*** territories, 

that the only way to prevent a 
return of the right was to vote 
. Socialist”. 

There is some truth in what 
be said. The Socialists made 
repeated calls to the electorate 
throughout the campajpi not 
to waste their vote in small 
' departments where, under the 
new system of proportional 
representation, the smaller 
' -parties had httle chance of 
winning any seat. The vole 
utile may help explain the 
unexpectedly good score of 
nearly 32 per cent obtained by 
the Socialists. 

Apart from the quite excep- 
tional 37 per cent obtained by 
the Socialists, in 1981 in the 
midst of the left-wing eupho- 
ria which swept the country in 
the- wake of President 
Mitterrand’s election,' it is the 
party's highest score since the 
foundation of the first Social- 
ist party in I90S. In the 1978 
general election, the Socialists 
obtained only 22.6 per cent 
With 206 seats, the Social- 
ists r emain the laigGSl rin gle 
party in the new 577-seat 
assembly. A dearly-delighted 
M Laurent Fabius, the Prime 
Minister, described the 
Socialists’ score as "altogether 

The Socialists could be 
- proud of the work- they had 
achieved with President 
Mitterrand, and remained 
“more than ever the great 
movement of hope”. 

listen ny to the comments 
of the Socialist leaders, it was 

m mftiimHt diffimll In r mn«n . 

ber that however weO the 
Socialists had done, they had 
nevertheless lost the election. 

Alarm at 
of Front 

By Onr Foreign Staff 
West European countries 
expect friendly ties with- the 
new right-wing Government 
likely to emeige from the 
French general elections, but 
there is widespread alarm at 
the far-right National Front’s 

Conservative- ruled West 
Germany express e d confi- 
dence that its dose ties with 
France would not be affected 
by the change from a Socialist 
to a rightist administration 
Spain's Socialist Govern- 
ment also predicted that good 
relations with France would 
not suffer. 

But the gains by the Nation- 
al Front sent diode waves 
through Europe and beyond. 

In the Soviet Union Tass 
said: “The results achieved by 
the extreme rightists of the 
National Front caused great 
anxiety to democratic public 

British officials also ex- 
pressed . concern privately 
about the Front's success, and 
aLabour MP, Mr David 
Winnick, urged the Govern- 
ment to ban Front members 
from entering Britain. 

A Japanese Foreign Minis- 
try source forecast that the fer- 
rightists “would hold a sort of 
casting vote in the conserva- 
tive groups”. 

The fact that the French 
conservatives won only the 
slimmest of majorities led 
diplomats and officials in 
.Brussels to predict a period of 
damaging lethargy in the Eu- 
ropean Community. 

The Belgian newspaper La 
Libre Belgique said France “is 
in danger of a period, of 
instability which would quick- 
ly recall the most difficult 
periods of the Fourth 
Rep ub lic' 1 . 

- Austria's Socialist Chancel- 
lor, Dr Fred Sinowatz, cabled 
congratulations to the French 
Socialist leader, M Lionel 

Regions echo national vote 

4 l .-r 

& -t'-i 

French people went to the 
polls on Sunday not only to 
vote In elections but 

also, tor the first tone, to dect 

dhtctly 1,840 wpomIcobf 
cillogs under the 1982 Social- 
ist decentralization law aimed 
at ghing greater powers to the 

re ^ WIS * . . . U-X 

bees postponed more than 
once orer the pa st three 
and the idea of holding than 
last Sunday meant they were 
somewhat overshadowed by 

Even tfaoogh a slteWy tew 
proportion of peopfe took 

time to cast their regional 
wacrfa teaMMi 
ones, the xegaws benefit^ 
from a hither electo ral turnout 
of 7&S per cm* 
with, for eatofc* 4 " 
cent nrnoto rec eded 
last Europe** ** 


h had been. 


pntterato erotege was 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

to of the national elec- 

The extreme-right National 
Front, standing for the first 

time, emerged as an influential 

force with a national tola! of 
130 seats. 

Bat it appears its success 
was more due to a division of 
die right-wfeg votes than toe 
winning of votes from the left, 
Still, before Sunday die left 

held six of the 22 metropolitan 

regions and now It appears it 
may rrtain only two. 

The right, on the other 
hW T has not obtained toe 
dear majority if had anticipat- 
ed, and to about nine reghms 

will need toe help of the 
National Front to command an 
overall majority, .although it 
has previously stated it is imt 
interested in forming a coap- 
tson with M Jean-Stone I* 

Pen's party. . . 

M Le PWwasone rfthe five 
National Fiobt cooncfifais 
elected for Piris, ont of a total 
of 42 seats. The Sodafists : 
hold 15 state, with 17 to : 

the RPR and five to the UDF 
right-wing parties. 

Comparisons between the 
new directly-elected regional 
councils and the previous ones 
are nwleading. However, it 
would seem that personalities 
stfll count in pofitical prefer- 

Only in Corsica have direct 
regional elections taken place 
since 1982, dne to the spedal 
statu given to the island and 
justified by its economy, cul- 
ture and geographical posi- 
tion. But the latest results 
there threaten to give the same 
type of “hong" council as the 
previous 1 984 results did, witii 
both the left and right in need 
of the two independent Corsi- 
can parties to obtain an overall 

The overall pofitical pfctnre 
in die regions, both in metro- 
politan France and in hs 
overseas, territories, will not. 
become <4— r until the aid of 
the week when- it . is thought 
regional- councils " wifi be 

* 1 S. ■ • 

corridors of power 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Paris 


•4 | "f* 

% . 

The morning after: M Laurent Fabius raking his sons to school in Paris yesterday. 

and that their five years in 
government had come to an 

Thanks to the proportional 
representation system, which 
virtually guarantees a seat to 
those well placed on the party 
lists, there were hardly any 
casualties among the more 
important political figures. All 
save one of the 36 government 
ministers who were standing 
for election won seats, as did 
all the main leaders of the 
former opposition. 

However, M Raymond 
Barre, the most popular of the 
leaders on the right, suffered a 
serious, personal setback, in 
seeing the list he was leading 
in the department of the 
Rhone beaten, contrary to all 
expectations, tw the Socialist 
list, led by M Charles Hernu, 
the former Defence. Minister 
who was forced to resign in 
September . over the 
Greenpeace affair. It is 
thought that voters did not 
appreciate M Bane’s image of 

a divider of the righL 
Alone among the right-wing 
leaders, M Barre has consis- 
tently refused to accept the 
idea of a right-wing govern- 
ment “cohabiting" with a left- 
wing president, maintaining 
that such a situation would 
inevitably result in political 
chaos. However, he has now 
given an undertaking “to do 
nothing which would hinder 
the action" of a new right- 
wing government 

Leading article, page 17 

The French were waiting in 
suspense yesterday for news of 
what the future holds in store 
for them. The narrowness of 
the right-wing victory is widely 
seen as greatly extending 
President Mitterrand's scope 
for manoeuvre, notably in his 
choice of Prime Minister. 

Leaders of the two main 
opposition parties, the UDF 
and the RPR, met yesterday 
morning to discuss the impli- 
cations of the election results, 
and immediately pot out a 
joint statement, reiterating 
their “conditions" for the se- 
lection of the new Prime 
Minister, in an evident at- 
tempt to preempt President 

The person chosen mast 
have the confidence of the 
“new majority", and must be 
assured in advance that be and 
his government will be able to 
carry out “without compro- 
mise or concession" the joint 
programme drawn up by the 
UDF and RPR. 

M Jean Lecanuet, the UDF 
leader, had earlier made it 
dear that his party was pre- 
pared to accept the RPR's 
nominee for the post, even 
though the RPR has relatively 
only a few more seats than the 
UDF in the new assembly. 

Until now it had been 
expected that M Jacques 
Chirac, as the leader of the 
biggest right-wing party, 
would be offered the port. 

But, although be remains 
the frost-runner in most 
commentators' minds, the 
names of more moderate right- 
wing politicians, such as M 
Jacques Chaban-Delmas, 
Mme Simone VeQ and even 
former Presidenr Giscard 
d*Estaiug, are once again be- 
ing mooted 

An opinion poll taken on 
Sunday, after the main outline 
of the results had become 
dear, showed that 61 per cent 
of the electorate hoped that the 
new right-wing majority would 
be able to “cohabit" peacefully 
with President Mitterrand 
But they were divided ou 
whether that was possible. 
Many agree with M Raymond 
Barre that it will lead to 
political chaos and greatly 
weaken France's image 
The narrowness of the right- 
wing majority calls for particu- 
larly firm solidarity within the 
union of the righL But as M 
Lionel Jospin, the First Secre- 
tary of the Socialist Party, 
pointed out on Sunday night, 
that is far from assured in an 
alliance of two parties with 
differing views on several sub- 
jects and whose three main 
leaders, all of whom have 
presidential ambitions, are of- 
ten in open rivalry. 

Several different scenarios 
are now possible. No one quite 
knows what is going to happen 
because such a situation has 
never arisen before under the 
Fifth Republic and the consti- 
tution has not been tested 
The next presidential elec- 
tions are not due until 1988, 
bat President Mitterrand 
could decide to resign before 
then and possibly call new 
parliamentary elections 
He might, though, decide to 
call a referendum on some 
topic which he knows he is 
virtually certain to win, such 
as the reduction of the presi- 
dential mandate from seven to 
five years, using the expected 
favourable result as a form of 
plebiscite to strengthen his 
own position in the country 
before calling new parliamen- 
tary elections. 

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‘specious’ nuclear 

Jn an attempt to counter the 
Soviet Union’s peace offen- 
sive- Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
warned Western public opt- 
ion against being taken in by 
a speciously attractive time- 
table for abolishing nuclear 
weapons by the end of the 

in a hard-hitting speech to 
the Foreign Press Association, 
the Foreign Secretary firmly 
rejected Opposition party calls 
to take up the recent proposals 
by Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, 
the Soviet leader, for the 
elimination of Ameri can 
Soviet medium-range missiles 
in Europe on condition that 
Britain and France freeze their 
nuclear deterrents at existing 

“This Government is ready 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

to _ seize any opport uni ty 
which genuinely ‘gives peace a 
chanc e’. . But giving away 
Britain’s deterrent . . .would 
not be giving peace, but war, a 
better chance.” 

He also emphasized that 
there , could be no nuclear 
disarmament unless there, 
were also substantial reduc- 
tions In conventional, chemi- 
cal and other weap ons. 

Noting the Soviet Union’s 
massive conventional superi- 
ority over Nate, he said: 
“Simply making Europe safe 
for conventional war is no way 
to preserve our children's 

Sir Geoffrey's speech, which 
focused exclusively on de- 
fence and deterrent issues, was 
the first public statement by a 
minister on arms control poli- 

cy since Mrs Thatcher replied 
to Mr Gorbachov's latest arms 
offer a week ago. 

The Foreign Secretary made 
it clear that the West was 
prepared “to meet Mr 
Gorbachov halfway” if the 
new style in Moscow really 
foreshadowed new policies in- 
tended to reinforce stability 
and restore confidence. 

But he also made it clear 
. that Britain would not lower 
its guard in the face of the 
current Soviet propaganda 
campaign until Moscow 
matched words with deeds. 

- -He dismissed Mr 
Gorbachov’s call for a ban on 
all nuclear tests cm the ground 
that such a ban would be 
unverifiabJe, in spite of recent 
technical advances. He reject- 
ed Mr Gorbachov’s offer of 

some form of on-site inspec- 
tion. describing it as “the same 
old brew, merely warmed up 
to tickle the palates of those 
who have forgotten how it 
lasted before”. 

Sir Geoffrey attacked those 
in Western Europe who equat- 
ed American defence policies 
with those of the Soviet 
Union. Those who made the 
mistake of regarding the two 
superpowers as somehow on 
an equal moral footing not 
only endangered the security 
of the West but also had a 
position that was logically and 
morally flawed. 

He emphasized that Nato 
remained the lynchpin of 
Europe's security and that 
there was no substitute for the 
full commitment of American 

Tear gas fired at Black miners go 
Sabah Muslims back to work 

Kota Kinabalu. Malayan 
(Renter) — Police fired tear 
gas to disperse more than 
2,000 Muslim opposition sup- 
porters who inarched on the 
High Court as it dismissed a 
writ seeking to stop elections 
in Sabah state. 

The court dismissed with 
costs -an In junction - filed by 
anindependent state assem- 
blyman, Abdul Gbafar Hap 
Salle h, to restrain the Election 
Commission from fixing a date 
for elections in the mainly 
Christian-ruled state. 

It reserved judgement on 
another part of the writ chal- 
lenging but month's dissolu- 
tion of ibe assembly by Datnk 
Joseph Pairin Kitingan, the 
Chief Minister, ahead of fresh 
polls doe within 90 days 

The unrest began after elec- 
tions last April when the 
newly-Tonned Parti Bersatn 
Sabah (PBS), with strong 
support from Kadaams, the 
largest ethnic community, top- 
pled the multi-racial Beijaya 

Angered by the PBS’s faB- 
ure to honour a pact to form a 
coalition, the Muslim opposi- 
tion United Sabah National 
Organization (USNO) secret- 
ly had its president, Tm 
Mustapha Harnn, declared 
Chief Minis ter. But the PBS 
protested and the Federal 
Government refused to recog- 
nize him and instead the PBS 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

leader, Datuk Joseph Pairin 
Kitingan, was sworn in. 

An angry USNO boycotted 
state assembly sittings and 
Tun Mustapha Hanoi chal- 
lenged In the courts Datuk 
Joseph Pairin KMngan’s right 
to rale, bringing day-to-day 
government to a halt. 

Defections from PBS to 
USNO prompted the Chief 
Minister to call for fresh 

The final Mow to the PBS 
came with the High Q ua rt writ 
challenging the Chief 
Minister's dissolution of the 

Over die four days of the 
sitting, 13 bombs exploded in 
Kota Kinabalu, injuring four 
people and causing panic. Two 
women died in arson attacks, 
police said. 

- Sabah is the only one of 
Malaysia's 13 states- not con- 
trolled by Muslim or Malay 

At least 20 blades have died 
in continuing widespread vio- 
lence symptomatic of the po- 
litical and social unrest in the 
country, according to police. 

The worst disturbances 
were at two gold mines on the 
West Rand, where JS black 
miners were killed and at least 
166 injured in clashes with 
police and mine security 
guards. Mine management 
said the fighting amounted to 
a tribal faction dash between 
Mack employees. 

The two mines, Vaal Reefs 
and Blyvooruitzichi. were said 
to be operating normally yes- 
terday. At Vaal Reefs, eight 
miners died in fighting be- 
tween Xhosa and Sotho 
groups on Saturday night, 
management said. In violence 
at Blyvooniitzicht on Friday 
night, six miners were killed — 

four in clashes with police and 
two apparently at the hands of 
other miners. A security guard 
near by was also killed. 

Neither union nor manage- 
ment spokesmen believes the 
violence is work-related. They 
see it more as a spill-over of 
turbulence from the town- 
ships into the mine com- 
pounds, where thousands of 
workers are concentrated in 
claustrophobic conditions. 

The growth of union power 
at the mines and the 
Government’s delay in abol- 
ishing the statutory reserva- 
tion of whites holding the 
most senior jobs at the mines 
have also fuelled black anger. 

Four other blacks died in 
townships in the Eastern Cape 
and on the West Rand in 
clashes with police and black- 
against-black violence. 

Sobhraj at an extradition bearing two years ago. 

Huge Indian hunt for 
notorious killer 

Delhi (Reuter) — India yes- 
terday cast a massive police 
dragnet across its northern 
and central states for Charles 
Sobhraj who walked to free- 
dom past dragged guards on 

More than 24 boors after 
the break from tiie top security 
Tihar jail by Sobhraj and six 
other inmate*, police in the 
capital stopped cars, buses 
and questioned cyclists bnt 
found no trace of tiie escapees. 

Sobhraj, aged 42, the sub- 
ject of two bestsellers, had 
been charged with several 

robbery-murders in which tiie 
victims were drugged. He was 
jaQed in 1976 and faced 
extradition to Thailand. 

A reward of 25,000 rupees 
(about £1300), about seven 
times tiie annual income of the 
average Indian, has been of- 
fered for information l eading 
to his capture. 

The Press Trust of India 
said police were seeking a man 
charged with banditry and 
freed on ba3 three months ago, 
who may have master-minded 
the escape. 

Small income tax cuts in South African budget 

From Our Own 

The South African Minister 
of finance, Mr Barend du 
Plessis, yesterday presented 
what was widely regarded as a • 
holding budget providing for 
record expenditure of 37,447 
million rand (about £13,140 
million) in the financial year. 

This represents an increase 
of 19 per cent on the expendi- 
ture budgeted for 1 985-86, but 
only 13.6 per cent after taking 
into account supplementary 
spending in the financial year 
now ending. 

Addressing a joint session of 
South Africa’s white, Indian 
and mixed-race chambers of 
parliament, Mr du Plessis 

announced some mildly stim- 
ulatory measures, including a 
5 per cent cut in income tax 
but said that more far-reach- 
ing changes could only be 
considered later in the year 
afier the completion of the 
Margo Commission's investi- 
gation into the tax structure. 

The single biggest item of 
expenditure is the 6.082 mil- 

lion rand allocated for educa- 
tion. an increase of 19.3 per 
cent on 1985-86. 

The increase in the outlay 
for black primary and second- 
ary education, which lags far 
behind tiie quality of white 
education, is 27.8 per cent. A 
total of 631 million rand is 
earmarked for improvements 
in housing in black areas. 

report of 
100 hurt 
hy bomb 

From Robert Fisk 
Beirnt ' 

A large bomb explosion 
wounded up to 100 people 
outside a building housing 
Soviet personnel in Damas- 
cus. according to growing 
reports yesterday in Beirut. 

Syria's official silence on the 
matter — which has greeted all 
independent inquiries about 
the reports — suggests that a 
blast of some kind did indeed 
take place in the Syrian capi- 
tal. apparently in the Abbasiya 
Square district of the city. 

The Christian Phalangist 
“Voice of Lebanon” radio 
station first broadcast news of 
a bomb on Saturday. 

Although the radio is both 
partisan and often inaccurate, 
it was quite specific about 
details of the explosion, claim- 
ing that it occurred on Thurs- 
day evening only a few yards 
from a series of offices housing 
“Soviet military advisers”. 

Moscow maintains approxi- 
mately 2,500 military person- 
nel in Syria, many of them 
operating the Sam 5 anti- 
aircraft missile sites outside 
Damascus and Homs. 

It was unclear whether any 
Russians were among the 
casualties of the bomb, all 
news of which appears to have 
been suppressed by the Syrian 
Government Neither state 
radio and television, nor the 
party-controlled newspapers. I 
have made any mention of an 

If the reports are proved to 
be correct however, suspicion 
is bound to fall upon the 
Christian Phalangists in Leba- 
non. whose refusal to abide by 
Syria's peace proposals in 
Beirut have deeply angered 
President Assad ofSyria. 

Yet another peace plan — 
this time confined only to west 
Beirut — is supposed to be 
implemented this week in the 
hope that the growing enmity 
between Muslim militias can 
be controlled before open 
warfare resumes on the streets. 

Mr Rashid Karami, the 
Lebanese Prime Minister, 
who is effectively Syria's 
spokesman within the ineffec- 
tual Lebanese Cabinet aban- 
doned his familiar optimism 
yesterday in a statement 
which accused militiamen of 
risking the destruction of Leb- 

Lawlessness and insecurity, 
he said, was an “octopus that 
is holding the country in its I 
tentacles”. I 

Air Force 
downs own 

Stockholm — The Swedish 
Air Force yesterday faced a 
top-level row after shooting 
down one of its own aircraft 
(Christopher Mosey writes). 

Pilot Bert-Ake Lwdvall, 
aged 40, and Engineer Kjell 
Thulin, aged 22, were killed 
when a unit practising anti- 
aircraft fire hit their plane 
instead of the target it was 
towing a kilometre behind. 

Job for top 
Israeli spy 

Jerusalem — A job has been 
found as chairman of Israeli 
Chemicals for Mr Rafi Eitao, 
once head of the secret unit 
inside the Prime Minister's 
office closed down for organiz- 
ing spying on the United 
Stales (Ian Murray writes). 

Mr Eitan, who as a Mossad 
agent masterminded the cap- 
ture of Adolf Eichmann, was a 
close ally in the Herat party of 
Mr Ariel Sharon. Trade and 
Industry Minister. 

Train blast 

Paris (Reuter) — Nine peo- 
ple were slightly injured by an 
explosion which caused a 
small fire on a Paris-Lyons 
TGV express train outside 
Paris. Officials did not know 
the cause. 

Cutback recall 

Lusaka (AP) — Thirty-four 
Zambian diplomats have been 
recalled from abroad, and 
several more face the same 
fate, in a government bid to 
cut costs. 

Hitching ban 

Tel Aviv (Reuter) — The 
Israeli Army will court-mar- 
tial any woman soldier found 
hitch-hiking at night after a 
West German woman was 
shot and left for dead on a 
desert road. 

Cyclone trail 

Antananarivo (Reuter) — A 
cyclone ripped across Mada- 
gascar at 75 mph. killing one 
person. leaving at least 5.000 
homeless, and destroying hun- 
dreds of acres of rice. 

Sailor beware 

Islamabad (Reuter) — Sail- 
ors from six US warships 
visiting teetotal Pakistan may 
drink on reserved beaches but 
have been warned they could 
be stoned to death or flogged 
for chasing prostitutes. 

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Unita frees over 170 
foreigners seized 
in diamond mine town 

Lisbon (Reuter) — Some 
176 foreigners captured by 
Angolan Unita rebels on 
March 1 have been freed and 
are safe in Zaire's south 
province of Shaba, Portugal's 
Ambassador in Kinshasa said. 

Senhor Alvaro Guerra, 
quoted by the Noticias de 
Portugal news agency, said 
they were iii the hands of the 
International Committee of 
the Red Cross in a rugged, 
isolated area 900 miles mom 
the Zairean capital. Food, 
clothing and medicine were 
being sent to them. 

Unita said earlier in Lisbon 
that it had been in contact 
with the Red Cross to secure 
the earliest possible release of 
the captives, who were seized 
at the diamond-mining town 
of Andrada in Angola's north- 
east Lunda province. 

Senhor Guerra was quoted 
as saying the foreigners, who 
include some 100 Filipinos. 70 
Portuguese, four Britons, two 
West Germans, a Canadian 
and a Romanian, would be 
flown to Kinshasa when they 
managed to reach a town with 
an airstrip. 




■I HJL 100 mites | £ 

H Jambs I 2 

;|BP 1 B_-US!T ahq » X > 

The group, which includes 
women and children, had 
initially faced a trek to free- 
dom of more than 800 miles. 

Unita, which has fought a 
guerrilla war against Angola's 
Marxist Government since 
independence from Portugal 
in 1 975, had originally said the 
captives would be marched to 
its base in Jamba, south-east 
Angola, where they would be 

The spokesman said Unita 
had taken into consideration 
the humanitarian aspect of the 
march facing the foreigners, 
such as the heavy rains falling 
in the region. “We did not 
want a situation created which 

could be used against Unita,” 
he said. The march would 
have lasted two months. 

The high-ranking Unita of- 
ficial, who asked not to be 
named, said all the foreigners 
were in good health. 

Unita said in a statement 
yesterday that it had foiled a 
recent attempt by Angolan 
government forces to rescue 
the captives. The column of 
foreigners and their escorts 
avoided the ambush planned 
at Chikapa, south of Andrada. 

The release of the prisoners 
is the first case of Unita 
freeing foreign workers seized 
in Angola without first march- 
ing them to its base at Jamba. 
More than 1 00 Filipinos, Por- 
tuguese and Britons captured 
in Lunda in 19S4 were 
marched to Jamba. 

The rebel group, which 
claims to control large areas of 
south-eastern Angola and to 
be active in much of the rest of 
the country, has frequently 
warned foreigners working in 
Angola that they risk their 
lives in the war being fought 

Detained Lesotho brigadier dies 

Maseru (Reuter) — 
Lesotho's ruling Military 
Council has announced that 
the former Deputy Com- 
mander of the Paramilitary 
Force, Brigadier B.M. 
Ramotsekhoane, died in de- 

It was the second death in 
detention to be announced 
this month of officers opposed 

to January's military coup 
which brought Major-General 
Justin Lekhanya. the Com- 
mander of the Paramilitary 
Force, to power. 

A statement broadcast by 
the state radio at the weekend 
said Brigadier 

Ramotsekhoane was detained 
for questioning on March 8 
and taken to police headquar- 

ters. Soon after bis arrival, he 
showed “signs of illness” and 
was taken to hospital, where 
he died. A post-mortem ex- 
amination has been ordered 
by the Police Commissioner. 

On March 6 Colonel 
Sehlabo Sehlabo. who led a 
brief mutiny in opposition to 
the January 20 coup, died of a 
heart attack, also in detention. 

in sea of 

From Michael Binyon 

With pipes, parades and a 
sea of green, America celebrat- 
ed St Patrick's Day yesterday, 
honouring the country's most 
famous Irish Americans and 
inviting to the White House 
the Prime Minister of the 
Emerald Isle to which more 
than 40 million people trace 
their ancestry. 

President Reagan held the 
Gist tanks with Dr Garret 
FitzGerald since the passage 
through the Howe of Repre- 
sentatives last week of the 
Irish Aid Bill which provides 
for $250 million over five 
years for reconstruction and 
development in Northern Ire- 
land. He was given the tradi- 
tional shamrock and a 
Waterford crystal Statue of 

The overwhelming support 
hi the House for the aid Bill 
was largely engineered by Mr 
Thomas “Tip* O’Neill, the 
Speaker, one of America's 
most distinguished Irishmen. 

Last night President Rea- 
gan, who himself Haim* alle- 
giance to the shamrock, 
attended a farewell $l, 000 -a- 
plate dinner for Mr O'Neill, 
who is retiring from this year 
after 50 years in elected 

The money raised, expected 
to total more than $2 million, 
is to fond a scholarship at 
Boston College, Mr OTVeilFs 
old oniversity. 

Mr Fitzgerald, who was a 
geest of honour, had himself 

US aid for the Contras 


Speaker of the House of Representatives, Mr Thomas “Tip" 
O'Neill, right, and the Irish Prime Minister, Dr Garret Fitz- 
Gerald, watch Washington’s St Patrick's Day parade. 

been feted at a dinner oa 
Sunday with other Irish Amer- 
icans, including Mrs Marga- 
ret Heckler, tte current US 
Ambassador in Dublin. 

Washington held its St 
Patrick's Day parade, wit- 
nessed by about 10,000 people, 
on Sunday.The biggest parade 
was in New York yesterday. 

Paying tribute to the Irish 
treaty that prompted the US 

aid for Northern Ireland, the 
New York Times yesterday 
sainted Mrs Thatcher, saying 
that she and Dr FitzGerald 
had produced a “remarkable 
agreement” in a new approach 
Ur an ancient qnarreL The 
paper, however,, bitterly criti- 
cized dm Protestant majority, 
which it called the “lost Irish 
tribe", for its “baffling ” 

WD: ~ 

Victoria Wood as seen on TV 

Edge of Darkness 

Forty Minutes 

Bob Peck 

(Edge of Darkness) 

Only Fools and Horses 

Claire Bloom PROGRAMME 

Grange Hill 



Leonard Bernsteins 
West SidcSrurv lOmnihusi 

Graham Taylor 
(Bloct on the Landscape) 

W\'- r 

Shadowlands Michael Bundle 

(Bleak House) 


(Edge of Darkness) Live Aid 

Eric Clapton Michael Kamcn 
(Edge of Darkness) 


Tim Harvey 
(Bleak House) 

Victoria Wood 

(Vicroria Wood as seen on TV) 

Anian Fisher'Dan Rae 
(Edge of Darkness) 

1985 TV AWARD 

Lisa Westcorr 
(Bleak House) 

Timmy’s Story 

It isn’t only TV audiences that are giving our 
programmes high ratings. 

They are achieving high ratings amongst the 
professionals too. 

Two weeks ago we picked up II of the 12 
awards presented by the Broadcasting Press Guild. 

ain, heads have 
3 our success. 

- Above you see the glittering prizes that The 
British Academy of Film and Television Arts has 
just presented to our programme makers. 

Of the 29 awards given for television, BBC 
teams picked up 21. 

An impressive score, we’re sure you’ll agree. 

.The BBC 


President Reagan yesterday Representatives <m Thursday 1 * 
continued his intensive lobby- to wiiL. ■ 
mg to secure $100 million fahatdevisonadfres^Mr 
(£ 66 . 6 million) in aft for the Reagan said Congress now 
Nicaraguan rebels,' after, as faced one simple question: 
emotional television appeal to would the US give the Nicara- 
the nation to halt thc Nkara- gain democratic resistance 
gnan "cancer” ; that directly . the to recap t ure its 
threatenedUS security. . “betrayed revolution" or 

On the eve of the crarial would it team its back and 
congressional aid debate ignore lire malignancy in Ma» 
tommorrow, the President nagua until it had become a 

telephoned Republicans and mortal threat to the entire 
Democrats opposed To' mSfr- .New World. - 
tary hdp for the Contras. He He said the Sandinista Gov- 
aiso received k Mr. Philip enuneat had revoked civil 
Habib, his special envoy for rights in Nicaragua, assaulted 
Central America, fora r eport , religious groups, .tortured 
on -his talks last week with priests, and transformed their 
regional leadens. : nation info a “command post '4 

In his speech he called on for international ter ror ". It 
Americans to ptn pressure on was ateo involved in drug 
Congress- to pass the packa g e trafficking, 
which he said was essential if -There w™ to be no 
the US was to avoid a Soviet crime to which the Sandinisias 
beachhead on its doorstep, ^ ^nt stoop — this is an 
increased . terrorism in the outlaw regime," the President 
region, and a tide of “desper- 

ate iatiiL pc^Ie _ba £ the ^ insbted that ^ 
mfflion^’flOTngtotheUS. wanted a negotiated peace. 
, Bui SraatorJim J Bat he sate the US hadtried 

some 10 tinres without success 

. ofaidto the Contras, said the . 

President was reaching for the ^ t fninn and the 

“mrnyoptiMbrfo* negon- ^ 

ations had a chance. • 

auons naa a cnance. 

While the Democrats 

not quarrel with, the itc '■ jSdSSk 

Administration's condemns Sj/Sfi!? 1, ’*825! 

tion of the Sandinisias and: • 

hispoliaeL ry wfllbold os accountable.- 

Soeakina on television im^ Mr Reagan appealed for 
mediately after the President, ;; bip««* support to launch a 

I Mr Sas ft^ r ‘ th e SamHinwefai ' 1 new Truman doctrine to 
forces were not as brutal as the save freedom in Nicaragua. 

rebels, whose atrocities were 
being financed by. the US. Her 
wanted, he said, to freeze 
military aid whfle afonher 
effort was made to get tire 
Sandinisias to negotiate. ; .. 

Mr Reagannow needs only 

“Goukftbere be any greater 
tragedy than fin* us to sit back 
and permit this cancer to 
spread?” he asked. 

The President hoped that at 
fire end of his term be would 
have left America safe, “stilt a 

about 10 votes in the House of IxaDra ofhopeto mankfod". 

Kre mlin steps up 
war of words 

From Christopher Walker* Moscow 

The renewed propaganda 
battle betweea the superpow- 
ers waii 'stepped up yesterday 
when Tass hunched a biting 
attack ob President Reagan 
for bis appeal on behalf of the 
Niearaguan rebels, and 
Pronto accused the US of 
“playing with fee** in the 
southern Mediterranean. 

Hie latest broadsides, fol- 
lowing recent sharp disagree- 
ments on arms control ana the 
timing of tins year’s summit, 
were seoi by Western observ- 
ers as signifying at least a 
temporary end to die “spirit of 
Genera” which had managed 
for a brief period to halt die 
war of words between Moscow 
and Washington. 

Tass described Mr 
Reagan's appeal to Congress 
for 5100 million (£67 mfllkra) 
in aid for the Contra rebels in 
Central America as “reminis- 
cent of the script of the 
controversial anti-commonist 
film Red Dow a", which is 
described as a “cheap movie** 
depicting the invasion of the 
US by Nicaraguan, Cuban and 
Soviet troops. 

Red Down and other US 
box-office successes, such as 
Rambo and Rocky IV, have 
been condemned by Soviet 

Cash crisis 
hits Uganda 
coffee board 

Kampala (Reuter) — 
Uganda's state-run Coffee 
Marketing Board is feeing a 
cash crisis and banks are 
refusing to honour its cheques, 
board officials said yesterday. 

Ugandan coffee, which the 
board buys from growers and 
sells to exporters, accounts for 
more than 90 per cent of the 
country’s foreign e xchang e 

The cash : shortage was 
brought about by the civil war 
which coincided with the cof- 
fee season and stopped sup- 
plies at the end of last year 
from getting to Kampala and 
on to the export markets. 

The board is now negotiat- 
ing overdrafts with local banks 
ana with foreign buyers for 
prepayment to end the crisis. 

officials -as oatstanding exam- 
ples of Washington's failure to 
respond to “the spirit of 
Geneva" and feSvre to cease 
' portraying Russians in erode, 
exaggerated stereotypes. 

The recent upsurge of anti- 
American attacks in the Soviet 
media represents a significant 
change from the immediate 
post-Geneva period when, on 
Kremlin orders, press attacks 
on the US were cut back 

The recent return to wide- 
scale media hostilities is seen 
by European diplomats as 
reflecting both die superpower 
b rinkmanship bring played 
over die holding of the summit 
and the strong. anti-American 
feeling which emerged as a key 
ideological theme at foe 27th 
Communist Party congress. 

Pronto spoke harshly yes- 
terday of “militarist 
preparations'* by foe US Navy 
near the Libyan coast as 
Washington geared up for its 
third set of manoeuvres within 
three months. 

“The dangerous character 
of Washington's anti-Libyan 
policy has been admitted indi- 
rectly even by foe USA's 
closest allies”. 

New war fears, page 16 

Strikes halt 

Madrid — Industrial action 
by Iberia Airlines ground 
crews and railway employees 
affected menu than 500,000 
travellers and commuters yes- 
terday. Labour leaders said 
mere will be more stoppages 
in the next 15 days unless the 
workers get higher wages and 
other concessions (Harry 
Debdius writes), . 

Railway staff’ halted all 
trains between Ram and 10 am 
and between 8 pm and 1 0 pm. 
They object to the recent 
dismissal of 1 ! workers and 
say they will halt trains a gai n 
I on March 21, 24 and 26 and 
on April L 

Iberia cancelled at least 60 
fights yesterday. Ground 
crows will repeat their strike 
on March 24, 25, 26 and 31. 

Curfews in Punjab as 
clashes follow strike 

DelhiJReuter) - An indefi- 
nite curfew was imposed on 
another Punjab town after a 
sec ond d ay of sectarian dash- 
re yesterday during a mili tant 
Hindu strike in protest a gainst 
Sikh extremist attaHcg jp the 

The curfew was imposed in 
the industrial town of Jullun- 
dur where the militant Hindu. 
Shiv Sena group staged ittr 
protest, a senior police official 
said from Chandigarh, foe 
aateoapiiaL He gave ho 
details of casualties in 
Jjsteraay’s clashes but raid’ 
there were no rfcartig 
■' Clashes on Sunday nwht led 
“ J" 2 * 25 miles north of 
UuUundar, wher e five people 

died and 16 were injured in 
tanks between .Sikhs 
-and Hindus. 

It was not dear whether the 
yictuns died in the dashes or 
in police gunfire 
- The Batala violence was 
among the worst in Punjab 
smcejhe^state's Chief Minis- 
ter; Mr Surjit Singh Barnala, 
and -his moderate Sikh Akafi # 

S&c£b 2 ..“ 0fc 

Shiv Sena, enraged by what 

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mure to protea foe state's • 
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Baton-wielding police 
scatter hundreds in 
Budapest youth march 


W“farian poiwe. baton- 
naiged hundreds of young 
Hungarians marching to cele- 
brate the anniversary of the 
teguming of the 1848 war of 
■^dependence in Budapest, 
dissident sources and Austri- 
radio reported yesterday. 
The violence was repotted 
to nave occurred on Sunday 
night when a group of 700 

i about 1 5,000 people who 
had gathered to celebrate one 
of the most festive events in 
the Hungarian calendar. 

The 700 were intercepted by 
police as they marched to- 
wards the Elizabeth Bridge 
near the statue of the celebrat- 
ed revolutionary poet, Sandor 

fiom Richard Bassett, Vienna 

Petofi, which is the traditional 
focus of the 1848 anniversary 

As police tried to confiscate 
samizdat literature and check 
identity passes, scuffles broke 

According to Austrian ra- 
dio, dozens were arrested as 
police resorted to batons to 
restore order. 

The violence is the worst 
outbreak of public disorder in 
Hungary For many years. 

The 1848 anniversary cele- 
brations traditionally have the 
atmosphere of a village fete 
with stalls selling Hungarian 
tricolour flags and badges. 

They are, however, invari- 
ably heavily policed and dip- 

lomats at the weekend 
reported busloads of police- 
men patrolling the area 
around the Elizabeth Bridge. 

The . Hungarian Govern- 
ment officially distances itself 
flora the celebrations, which 
have been seen in the past by 
Hungary's Warsaw Pact 
neighbours as striking a chau- 
vinist, revanchist note. 

The combination of nostal- 
gia, extensive supplies of alco- 
hol, and the frustration many 
young Hungarians feel about 
their country's rising cost of 
living, could easily have led to 
a demonstration which the 
authorities would have felt 
compelled to break up. 

10 Czechs 
jump ship 
on Danube 

Munich (Renter, AP) — Ten 
Czechoslovak tourists on a 
River Danube cruise to West 
Germany, have failed to return 
to their ship after a visit to 

According to West German 
border police, three of the 
group have applied for politi- 
cal asyimn in West Germany. 
They said there was no imme- 
diate information on the 
whereabouts of the other sev- 

The 10 woe among 185 
tourists who sailed up the 
Danube on the Soviet crmse 
ship Dnieper last Thursday 
from Czechoslovakia to 
Passan in Bavaria. 

Fourteen Czechoslovak 
tourists went missing from a 
ajmilar cruise two weeks ago 
and six have sought asyimn, 

police said. 

Russians develop 
new spacecraft 

Moscow (Reuter) — Soviet 
scientists have developed a 
new generation of spacecraft 
to take cosmonauts to oi biting 
stations, the Communist Par- 
ty newspaper Pravda said 

The Soyuz T15 that took 
CommanderLeonid Kizim 
and Engineer Vladimir 
Solovyov to the Mir space 
station will be the last of the 
current series, it said in a 
report from the Baikonur 
space centre. 

Because of the ship's limited 
technical capacity, last 
Saturday’s docking operation 
had to be carried out man ually 
by the mission’s leader. Com- 
mander Rizim. 

“The feet is that Soyuz T15 
is the last ‘Salyut-type’ ship," 
Pravda said. “Mir needs its 
own generation of 

The Soyuz T series began 

with an unmanned flight in 
December, 1979, and took 
over the entire burden of 
putting cosmonauts in space 
after Soyuz 40, the last of the 
original generation, in 1981. 

Pravda gave no details 
about the new spacecraft, in 
keeping with the secrecy that 
surrounds most of the Soviet 
space programme. 

• PARIS: Preparations for 
Wednesday’s launch of a Eu- 
ropean Anane-3 rocket with 
two telecommunications sat- 
ellites on board continued on 
schedule yesterday with all 
systems reported normal, an 
Ariane spokesman said (Reu- 
ter reports). 

The flight comes less than 
two months after the US 
shuttle disaster which indefi- 
nitely grounded the shuttle 
programme, leaving Ariane as 
the only commercial satellite 
launcher in operation. 

Singapore hotel disaster: the search goes on 





Singapore (Reuter) - Res- 
cue workers dapped and 
cheered yesterday as another 
survivor walked from a col- 
lapsed Singapore hotel where 
he had been trapped for two 

He and four others saved 
yesterday brought the number 
of survivors to 16, but police 
think about 40 people are 
buried in the nibble of the 
New World Hold and know 
that some are still alive. Ten 
people are known to have 

Sparred by the sound of 
voices, foreign and Singapor- 
ean mining engineers bur- 
rowed rescue tunnels into tons 
of rubble reeking with petrol 

fumes from riamagpri cars in 

the hotel basement. 

Early yesterday afternoon 
y freed two Chinese bank 
icials. One managed to 

limp to waiting doctors, 
dapped and cheered by the 
hundreds of rescue workers. 

The bank was on the ground 
floor of the hotel, but was 
pushed below ground by the 
force of the collapse. Resimers 
said they passed some bodies 
as they forced their way lower 
down towards the basement 
where three people awaited 

Rescue workers plan to cut 
a hole in the wall to insert a 
camera to assess their condi- 
tion and how to approach 

“We are working under the 
dangerous possibility that the 
whole thing could collapse,” 
an army doctor. 

Kin, said. 

Engineers are worried that 
rain on the site could cause 
large concrete slabs to settle 
and threaten the tunnels be- 

Ms Helen Tan Guek Ni 
World Hotel, is 

• who was resend from the debris of the collapsed New 
[ in hospital by President Wee Kira Wee of Singapore. 

British hero scours debris 

Singapore (Reuter) — A 
British minhifr engineer bur- 
rowing ths»88gli (he debris of a 
Singapore hotel in search of 
survivors has already been 
awarded a medal for saving 
life underground. 

Mr David Butter, aged 59, 
of Newcastle upon Tyne, said 
that he had been awarded the 
British Empire Medal in 1969 
after rescuing two workmen 
capped in a tumid in London 
after a gas explosion. 

Mr Butter, now a pit boss 
Lira Meng fora Japanese firm digging an 
underground railway here, 
spent much of yesterday bm- 
neUing raider piles of rabble 
looking for sur v iv or s trapped 
by the collapse on Saturday of 
the New World HoteL 

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‘Tm just dig gi ng with my 
bare hands and scraping 
throagh the debris,” said Mr 
Butter, his overalls and face 
caked in mod. . 

“Bat I don’t really fed the 
danger. Yon tend to think of 
the people we are Hying, to 
rescue and not of yoarseUT 1 be 
said. “HI be here until die 
whole operation is finished.** 
Compared with the London 
rescue, the Singapore, opera- 
tion is difficult because there is 
so modi rabble locked into 
ch unks . of sharp reinforced 
concrete. The air b tainted 
with petrol fames, from 
crashed vehicles. 

Mr Batter and other engi- 
neers, foreign and Singapor- 

ean, have to 
Mocking their advance without 
disturbing the rabble below 
them. Then they shore op the 
tonne! with wood before going 
even deeper. 

“Tm ob my hands and knees 

all the time bat Fm need to it 
and I did volunteer,” said Mr 
Butter. *Tve been doing this 
kind of work for quite a long 

Mr Hotter said he had heard 
voices undergr ou nd bat had 
not yet found anyone 
alive/Tve seen three bodies so 
fer.I saw a man over a motor 
bike with . his whole body 
(unshed, another body 
' between walls and one 

Rebel attack shatters 
Philippines ceasefire 

From Keith Dalton, Manila 

Communist rebels am- 
bushed a Jeep in the central 
Philippines, killing 12 civil- 
ians and wounding three oth- 
ers and shattering a three-day 
military-imposed ceasefire on 
the troubled island of Negros, 
military officials said yester- 

Firing from foxholes on foe 
side of a mountain road 12 
miles north of foe pod city of 
Dumaguere, .about 30 guerril- 
las of foe New People’s Arniy' 
sprayed heavy automatic foe 
at people in the Jeep who were 
returning from a meeting in 
Silab town, the state-run Phil- 
ippine News Agency said. 

The 12 victims were all 
“finished off” with a bullet in 
foe head and some were 
hacked with long knives, it 

The agency also reported 
that seven soldiers and foe 
wife of an army private were 
Idled in a raid on Friday by 
100 communist rebels on a 
. rice warehouse in the northern 
province ofCagayan.Two sol- 
diers and three mffitiamen 
were wounded. 

Details of the Negros attack, 
which happened on Thursday, 
were relayed to military head- 
quarters in Manila only late 
yesterday. The uwfouh..came 
three days after local military 
officials announced a ceasefire 
after talks with civic ana 
religious leaders. 

With a 25 per cent jump in 
rebel recruits last year, foe 
island oFNegros has the fastest 
growing insurgency move- 
ment in any of __ihe 

archipelago *5 trouble spots. 

in Seoul 

From Band Watt* 

Christian, opposition and 
dissident movements in soinn 
Korea have formed an u m- 
brefia organization to press tor 

greater democracy 

Government of 
Chun Doo Hwan was inaugu- 
rated at a three-hour lunch 

meeting in Seoul yesterday, 
the first time Korean 
oppositionists have formed a 
single alliance since. President 
Chun came to power six years 

The new body, called the 
National Liaison _ Of^aniza- 
tion for Democratization, in- 
corporates leading dissidents 
and politicians, such Mr Kim 
Young Sam and Mr Kim Dae 
Jung, and five important refi- 
trio us and political groups, 
including foe opposition New 
Korea Democratic Party 
which has 90 of the 276 seats 
in the National Assembly. 

The other organizations are 
the Council for the Promotion 
of Democracy, which is 
chaired jointly by the two 
Kixns; foe United Mimung 
(People) Movement Jar De- 
mocracy and Unification, 
beaded by the Rev Moon lk 
Hwan, the civil rights activist; 
foe National Council of 
Churches (NGC) in Korea; 
and the Korean Catholic 
Council for Justice and Peace. 
Minjung comprises 19 civil 
rights movements. 

The Government did not 
try to disrupt or prevent the 
gathering taking place, in ac- 
cordance with tire softer line 
adopted since the peaceful 
overthrew of tire Marcos Gov- 
ernment in the Philippines. 

The church participation 
comes after a recent sermon 
by the head of the Catholic 
Church in Korea, Cardinal 
Stephen Kim, in which he 
urged reform, 

According to organizers of 
-the Signature rampaign for 
direct presidential erections in 
South Korea, about 150 Cath- 
olic priests have already 
signed, as have more than 
1,000 supporters of the NCC 

• VIENNA: The US Embassy 
yesterday comfirmed that it 
had helped a prominent South 
Korean couple that reportedly 
sought refuge at tire mission 
after years of residence in 
communist East Europe (AP 








By Caroline Moorehead 

When police arrested Radu 
Fflfpescu in May, 1983, he 
was di s trib u ting leaflets to 
houses round Bucharest call- 
ing on people to gather in 
Palace Square to demand the 
replacement of Mr Nicotae 
Ceansescu as Ptesideiit of 

Mr FiHpescu, then aged 28, 
worked for the state-owned 
Pipers Electronics Complex. 
A Search of his home revealed 
printing equipment and more' 
than I 'JOO more leaflets. 

He is now serving a 10-year 
sentence and is currently be- 
lieved to be held in And 
prison, in Alba, known as one 
of the harshest jails in Roma- 
nia. At his military trial in 
Bucharest in September, 1983, 
he was found guilty under 
Artide-166 (2) of the criminal 
code of prododng propaganda 
“from which danger to the 
security of the' state may 

Romanian organizations in 
exile have repeatedly taken up 
FHipescn’s case. They argne 
that the leaflets he printed 
never-advocated violence, that 
he was only exerchdng bis 

and that his sentence is a 
violation of the International 
Covenant of Civil and Political 
■Rights, ratified by Romania in 

Mr Filipescu: sentenced to 
10 years in prison. 

Kremlin’s economic guidelines 

Gorbachov hacked on 
pay for performance 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

As ‘ argument continues 
within the top ranks of the 
Soviet Communist Party 
about foe extent to which the 
country should embark on 
economic reform, its official 
paper, Pravda, has published 
an important ideological arti- 
cle designed to support 
changes already outlined by 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov. 

Entitled “The Creative De- 
velopment of Mamst-Lenin- 
ist Theory”, foe article 
declares that in present condi- 
tions Marxist economics is 
not a dogma and that a 
worker’s annua] income 
should depend directly on foe 
amount and quality of his 

The article, regarded here as 
particularly authoritative be- 
cause it is unsigned, also 
claims that the Soviet Union 
has begun “a radial recon- 
struction of the economy” 
which requires that enter- 
prises be truly self-financing 
and that individual workers be 
paid according to their contri- 
bution to their plants. 

Referring to foe watershed 
27th party congress which 
ended last week, Fnmfa ar- 
gues that it had demonstrated 
that “Communists view foe 
economic thinking of Marx, 

factory rather than allow them 
to be sold off at a cut price. 

The nine-day congress was 
dominated by speeches from 
Mr Gorbachov and his new 
Prime Minister, Mr Nikolai 
Ryzhkov, outlining plans for 
more autonomy ana self-fi- 
nancing, but at foe same time 
stipulating that this must hap- 
pen within foe framework of a 
centralized planning system. 

The Soviet press has subse- 
quently attacked Western 
commentators for their criti- 
cism of this determination to 
stick rigidly to a type of 
economic pfenning that most 
experts in the West regard as 
foe main obstacle to fester 
Soviet economic growth. 

The article, which occupied 
nearly half of one of the six 
pages of Pravda on Friday, 
appeared designed to free foe 
ruling party for future eco- 
nomic decisions not linked 
strictly to past dogmas 
“Marxist-Leninist theory is 
not a set of hard and fast rules 
which are valid everywhere 
and in all circumstances,” it 

The paper also emphasizes 
that foe party, which it says 
now has 19 million members,' 
must ensure that its functions 
do not overlap with those of 
state institutions. This is seen 

Engels and Lenin not as a i W9 »xai 

dogma, but as a guide for P* Krenfon-watcbeTS as tack- 
action”. fog Mr Gorbachov's drive to 

Senior Western diplomats and 

describe, the article as imp£ Tn^fflc fo^™ 

During foe Congress, sever- 
al senior officials made refer- 

tant and designed to provi 
ideological backing for Mr 
Gorbachov’s plans. These in- 
clude ambitious schemes to 
expand foe self-financing of 
Soviet enterprises and to re- 
late workers* pay packets 
strictly to foe quality and 
marketability of output, in an 
effort -to cut back massive 
overproduction of shoddy 

T H. ej ^i°?* e Problem 
was highlighted by Pravda 
earlier last week in a letter 

Bulgma and Hungary as three 
£2? European socialist states 
which could provide models 
for reform of foe Soviet 
Union s industrial and agri- 
cultural sectors, which have 
performed badly, 

Pravda says the party op- 
poses mixing its. functions 
with those of state bodies 

.u a lean ^5““ lt exercises poUnc^ 

from a reader in Vinnito °ver society and 

Ukraine, who said that 1 1 non defines foe general perapectove 
defective mirrors had i£E ■*£-*» deydopnrant ^ rattar 

than playing a purely adminis- 
trative role; ■/ / 

defective mirrors had been 
smashed by workeraat^S 

forth Korea's Ambassador 
accused Washington of kid- 
napping the two and the South 
Korean Embassy said it knew 
nothing of foe affair. 

The US Embassy spokes- 
man, Mr John Williams, said 
thaUUtn director Shin Sang 
Ok and his actress wife, Choi 
Eun Hee; “approached the US 
Government and sought 
assistance'' on March 13. As- 
sistance was given, he said, 
referring all further questions 
to foe State Department in 

* / 

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L A* 4 i J 

. J.-.. i. : ....,.• ' .-. . . 



;_• / 

Television . . 

Missile j Greater than the image 


In modem warfare the enemy 
is more unseen than he w 
m Yon know him not by the 

Heywood Sumner 
Winchester Gallery, 

whites of his eyes tat bf H» 
blip of his plane on the radar. 

It was therefore satatary far 
Horizon (BBC2) tn taterri^ 
fbr the first tune on tekvlsMi 

somrftta Awmtotoncffl- 

cent directly tombed to Mak- 
ing the Sheffield, t he Ard ent 
and the Atlantic Conwyor. 

■ggyJS ASj I Cubism and 

mot were qnlte as piofa^^ 
and decent as oar own. Inoceo, 

Designs for British 

Victoria and Albert 

navy. Admiral Brown, was an 
Irishman from Comity Ma^yo 
who once captured a stop 
stranded on the sand with ■ 
cavalry ctouge and boobedtas 
enemy with hard Dm*® 
cheeses when his shot ran out. 
The cheeses may have given 
way to Exocets, but the same 

resourcefulness "“““ft®* 
“What is really lamentable , 
«id Commander Colombo, 
who led the Exocet attacks, ^ 
that we had to measure HP 

each other to these 

Anthony d’Offay 

lery. Winchester, until April 
(then in Cheltenham »nd Port 
mouth) will no doubt «cite a 
suitable amount of regtoMlpn^- 
But. beneath his deceptive^ 
parochial appearance. Sumer « 
much more important than that. 
He was one of the great seTrm>al 
figures in the Aits .and Craffa 
movwnenl at the point * 

began to shade off into Aesthete 
Sand Art Nouveau. Soinobte 

book decorations, vqA as g"g 
and his Companions (1883) ana 
Undine (1888), get regutoriy 
rraied in international sumysof 
Art Nouveau, since they are early 

SaSe Art Nouvrau chad iof St 
Especial talents in this Beld An 


sat* i-sjssat 

British Post- 
Impressionists and 

Belerave Gallery 

Hwwood SnumCT is an unsung 
SHfEnglish art; M * ; * 

v^uiidly iheroleHnodel ofumung 
heroes in these parts. Which is 

much more favoured on _ . 
nmt than in Bntam. Otoer 
drawings and designs of tb* 
have a rather more prim and suatt- 
laced look which can evenbe,asm 
The Besom Maker and. jjfe 
contemporary books and prints for 
children, s u g&esti v eofihevm a »n^ 
live world inhabited by Kate 

Greenaway and Walter Crane. 

The Crane connection isj^rhcu- 
laHv evident in the splendid chrq- 
isw* Solomons 

signs, a major tapraoyjr~- 

Morris and Co^ and 

real revelation of this ; show - j 



l9 M to *»** vahie of Sumner's 

■ w 

rVi ' 

*£”£**& the — - - 

rather than inspir^^but a rojtty 


fhi S^nt aU he needs to know on 

t ^Sne?d,butaredso«J^ 
teiv done as (incidental) worts of 

sSglSS KteB53S 

SffKwffftSrrSflS S£r scope and 


Q gains t 

arcmnstances. . __ 

Catting between toe Afg»- 
tinian pilots and the British 

captains. In the Wake of H MS 
Sheffield soberly examined 
the lessons to be learnt from 
the Falklands War. AsCap- 
feiro banning of HMS Broad- 

sword admittedjtibecunpaga 

was of great beoefittotje 
Royal Navy as an opportunity 
to test men and equipment m 

^mS^MS Shtf^vas 
hh by a missile on May ^ 
1982; her elderly radar tod 
given only four seconds warn- 

transmitting a 

Bumkation she was e®* 1 "*'* 
deafening herself to the 
Exocet frequency. It was afro 

because the Argentinians, with 


had practice on how to elude 
the radar. Their technique of 
flying low and undetected was 
called “pecking the lobes 
and well illustrated by the 
programme's excellent graph- 

wby. -k- l-JttSSJSlK ^ wtowe* 

moJithograpbs like 
ludemeni. done in the 1 89Us tor a 
body^called the Fitzroy Plrture 

!Sd charm <»n }* 

heart of Wessex, you have probably boamy. educational, ^^“^SToutside the show, in a 

bna»!?ES ss&««-?s=3 

. j uMtrv rather than in the 

Sta 7853. mactean import*.* 
of decorations for his 

pamfe' bousein the Closein 1885 
Sd eventually. after 
<y<ses in London, moved back to 
Fordingbridge in the 1900s, from 
where he flung brn^f 
into local history and a^eo^- 
and teaching about them 

Wessex, an efrgantma* oftood 
piety which deserves to reacha 
Witter audience (Ray Gassou Asso- 

nrtdected vestry rather than 
pristine condition of those here, 

mtSly from the Victoria and ^£10.95). ^ 

Albert. ... _ But the show itself reauysnwuu 

There was, as it happens, nothing . -ggn it cannot claim to rerouo- 

about SSnno-s «■ » a figure »f »>« 

S religion, imponance,b«t.tpamB«th»a f » 

variety of the 

whiTcaXio readily 
collection wnicu th - i gth to 

called upon. It covets the i«n“ 

^ wmked in the 


h er 


Pieces in 

qU -^e°&rst impression of tiw show 
is a riot of colour aU around, w*oa 
down to details 

it » 


S' much-of his finest. »ve -fBBup 

work. This was largely w i a SEUdf. jKriodwhen&^dkdthew^d **^^ 00 x 0 * in tiieir own 

WOtK. 1 Ilf* 1 wuj j ■ — — , |p 

ana ictnume -v — - canffiio he evolved for nimseii, 

almost up to his J***®*^;.^? apart from that in All SainB, 

hensive new exhibition guisn m rhurehes such as St 

m th.d<CTtati vean &Mdofamm SSiSf h.ue’iSS'a) readily to the 

^“SSf s-«5KM» 

SSSfsEh* M-irv"uanfaif Kilgeddin. A num- 

him his proper rewaro oi ■ jjje . Voysey , ihere are many 

iStfaSaWBtt w^might not even suspect Gaudi- 

er-Brzeska, Graham Sutherland H 

Moore mouly.^8 ^UtisgMdJ’ 

the most famous. And ^ ^ strength and the 

are other specm^onewouWhte of British an at this 


hy chance, ourp temre ofj^w ^ Scandi 



s idibiy 1 i^ n t? 1 ^’^ john 

by no means to 



di minish 


Carmen Casey, a young Ar- 

Londo ° d6buts ssswarasS 

The only successful defenre 
to the Exocet was a cloud l of 
needles called 


chifr "SS 

placed, seduces the 
course. Oth» lessons lgrnt 
the value of the Side- 

is more than 30, but they have 
been together already for more 
than a decade, and it shows. 

Their skilfully varied pro* 
gramme demanded much 
- the*, first in Frank 


Martin’s Trio sur les mejat iies 



ZTuSlra irlandaises (1925), 
h? which the origjnal tunes are 
subjected to some punchy^ 
always attractive treatment. 
This was a well-swung p^fot* 
full of good-hu- 
sometimes senta- 



^-^cSBrsa Estoril 

PhQippi who tombed HMS it was. however. 

Ardent reckoned it was the essrat j a Uy a curtain-raiser to 

^SSrioder which nrfhtewed more 5U bstanti^ maten^ m 
Ae final result — . and the ^ 0 f a Fantasia atre 

uselessness of detayta*J»ch- (i967)by themo^rompamot 

anisms. Ten ofour stops were Wolf Keherboni and Schu 

hit by tombs which dad mi B ^ m ^ 0 r Piano Tno. 


Goran Listes and the wtu«® 
double bass player and guitar- 
ist Darko PetAnjak, gave a 
correspondingly strange. 

though well play«l and ™ 

received, recital^NaluMly ar- 

vailed, a ^Vivaldi 

Aisling Heneghan, which tod 
to programming as diallog- 
ing and original as her artistry 

The efieci of the harpsi- 
chord on the guitar m works 
like GeminumTs Seven Pieces 
for Guitar and Continuo was 
to soften and liquefy its tone; 
Casey responded with vigor- 
ous, lucid .fingtowork, fluent 
arpeggios and tiny, fleet frag- 
ments of interplay- , . 

Her mterprerative dear 
thinking is matched by a 
particularly strong left hand, 

f . ■ J! mivtur Ifl fl nRflT" 


Royal Northern 
CoUege of Music, 


deremdy, finds UKeKtasyas 
well as the agony of Ilia well 

In the wake of the Royal 
Academy’s plans, recently re* 

within her strong soprano 
range: and Mozart s_mdy 
tormenting writing for Hettra 
draws admirable reserves of 
vitriol and vigour from Jayne 

Center. They are ksshap- 

JUV1 • ■ “■'J . . I 

py m their prince: the original 

not reveal very much beyond 
their own professionatom -- 
some of it gained at British 
^utions. While ttopro- 
gramme showed the tools of 
^jare more technologicaj 
than ever, it left no donbtttot 
the cause of war wfil always 
remain human error. As Com- 
mander Colombo said, tweak- 
ing his lobes, “Don’t hartour 
the slightest doubt that if rt is 
necessary we will do it again 

Ravel’s vfaQUMMrww ^ holding theguitarmanear 

pour une UfiMe drfrt J^d, famiy gnp 

most succ^sfuUy, pSbetwi her knees, she 

Dvorik’s Stavomc Dances pro . t0 create a 

SS •« ««■ 

qniettrt chords. 

auu «.. — - nate that the planned wond whether in the rnaiHmEP. 

The Keherboro, a rradfly premise of a nwpiwW^ dissoMIlces - of 1 Sbeard b 

Stephen Dodgson’sDuo Con- 
cVu> mu Id create a 

Idamante fell fli and Andrew 

poited on this page, to turn 

Ssdf into a _“centro tenor is soil over-ienianve. ^ 
^nence", the Royal North- This tinie> though, totfr 

College of MuagfadfflJ conductor and produOTtave 

understandably miffed, tos ^ ^ college down. Wi^d 

gritted its teeth and setiiseif and Peter Ebm 

one ofits most testing operanc bQth turn a stubbornly deaf 

With Made in _ 
Bangkok which opens 
tonight^ AnthosQT 
WBngheUaOiditJhas , 
iS the West End 1 i 
after only fivfeye^s 
a professional wnl 
interview by 
. Lynne Truss 

: -o' 



challenges to date. Its opera 
school, who invariably do 
wonders for the coUcgesun- 
age, have taken on Mozart, 
and Idomeneo at thaL 
Their resources, physical 

ear to Mozart’s physical and 
emotional cues. 

Boettcher's curiously unit*- 
volved, undetailed conduamg 
drags itself along with phras- 
ing and tempi which dohtite 


to^theplayisrtetiM, . - 

bring done W*. ^^Britosay iVbaty™ 1 

ny Mingtedfa, mdicatuw tto ^figobver the piay 

pfush surroim*^ ^^ 

AldwydiscirdeJ^-And«® * p^f sal room mid 

rShthis pfay Made ^L, I? fr^jeni v & " Bbke- 

kok, which opens to^V bas strengthened the 

not conventional West ““ ^atiwandbrought out toe 
fere. . Knmrazr — “Bm what rve 

Written to a commi^^ -SSSTii" that it’s a much 

- "»»**■ me!ias ^ ^^^t5ng. Much, "»"* 

and vocal, nse as ever to tire f( ® Mozar t and even, toss for 

challenge. John and ^argaret his young siMCB. Neither am 

they turn to Ebert for help- ne 
Crete, moves his excellent chorus 

rv^t-P-noie dialectical de- . Koshkin, called 
^ oM ^ght expect of any Cicadas, had to to postponed 


mildly ad venturous composj 

of the Sixties, required much 
panache in delivery and got it. 

^unexpectedly, thoT^u it 

was the Schubert that brou^ 
out the sensitivity and musi- 
cianship of this excellent, 
dean-sounding butpassi 0Ii:iie 
ensemble to best effect. 

, An unnamed trio fromYu- 

Nicholas *&£££*&& 3 
Shakespeare | guitarists i^van Romer an 

duetowhat were called “im- 
clear and confusing cucum- 

^Mad we were gjv» *e 
senior Yugofavcomix^r^ 
ns Papadopulo s Tno So^a 
fnr two guitars and doubte 
modestly nerndasacal 

bass. niww“i — Wim a -r — r 

material with_some^«cirag Ugmce, this was ptoyi^ which 

certante, she could create 
wide spectrum of fluctuating 
timbres, even within a single 

Disciplined by Firmly 
sprung rhythm* and routed 
^ha searching muscalmt^; 

have applied their 

eyes to re-creating a ^ 

sunlit blue and gold Crete; ^irably in their vast space; 
with a bold, if noisy, use « individual relationships, 

huge terracotta Minoan pdtos ^gh, escape him, smd with 

1 the collets wide the wonderful nu- 

moro perpetuo wnung, 
skilfully executed. 

Stephen Pettitt 

left one eagw for more. 

Hilary Finch 


The students are more than 
competently cast: 

Dodd, who was Captam Vere 
in their memorable Bitty 
Budd , has the stamina and 
Spence for the title role; 
Janice Close, now an occa- 
sional Glyndebourne tour un- 

ances of reco^mop and ^c- 
onciliation with which Mozart 
turns tos vocal lines. 

There are further perfor- 
mances tomorrow and on 

Hilary Finch 

fcsseiss^ge^^ ** 

Bangkok means 


Steel Pulse 

Hammersmith Palais 


recorded sound that frnow » 
well glossed as to be approach- 

e of their 

ing an MOR formula, perr 

One of the key British reggae 
bands in the unlikely alliance 
between punk and reggae mu- 
sic in 1976. Steel Pulse has 
clearly moved away from the 
original localized issues that 
sparked their prophetic hit 
album of 1978, Handswonh 
Revolution. As well as their 
politically motivated lyncs. 
they have always been noted 
for their keen sense of harmo- 
ny. which brought a welcome 
variation to the blood-and- 
guts approach of their spike- 
haired compatriots in the 
Rock Against Racism move- 
ment but which now threatens 
to suffocate the impon of their 
current globally-inspired mes- 

Following three years of 
worldwide touring, much of it 
in America, they have re- 
turned to Britain with a 

void o'f any rude «*"J 



pattern of Alvin E^en. 

Where the lyncs coinatted 

wtth this . ^'^ensfs^ 
nroach. as in Earth Ln5, J ’ 



where the languid 
met the vacuous tune 
latest single, a cheap-i^cn^ 
the charts called Love 
Walked Out", the 
airless Palais, was unbearably 

And they looked so bonng. 
Apart fto£ Hinds’s axenmc 
totem-pole hair-style, tbeuap- 

pearance and behaviour were 

comparison, the support 


intent was_ har^er\ as 

-Rock Against ft _ 

-Save Black Muac ,*e»n 
ly-softlv approach »m«<l ™ 
appropriate to the cause. ap° 

act. Blobdfire Posse, ronsis- 

lentlv provided much to en- 
shk the attention with th«r 
gStS srege present hvdy 
iSstrumentanon Md 
live arrangements. ^For to 

finale of their. set. «“ 

dramatic va^a^? , 

theme from The Pink FamjM* 
into their personal 
crauc vision of the Jamairan 

Sluoml Anthem. tavu®a 

vivid impression itot bteei 
were unable to better. 


Undue emotional restraint 

1AV* V* by MjAnM < 



Elizabeth Hall 

John Eliot Gardiner’s inter- 
pretation of Bach’s St -fafa* 
JFtosion, fittingly P rese S^‘“ 

a packed W) on Fusion 

Sunday, extobited much the 

Mass he directed here uat 
year. It offered dean, sjyb* 
Stures, with the English 

ty ugly Obbligato playing 

^Hishandling of the choic- 
es, by contrast was both - 
imaginative and effective. The 
orchestral introdiKtion to 
“Herr, unser Hetrscher" made 
a vivid impact the string 
whittled away to aUowjjab- 

bing woodwind discords a 

complete dommanon .^1 tot 
set a mood of stark pictorial 

ism which. was reiirforced time 
and again, most notably in an 
iSSy swift ■»■«> 
den nicht zerteilen 


ST S3SS?*#-*5S= 


off visit he made to the city on 
his way to Hong Kb°8* 

up a lecraresiup a* Zaune naively - homfied by 

vc^**«aisaft5 •■■SEfcto* 

He has 


■ once~~Uie cdlos 1 

smnnents precHay . 

much the better of the two 
symphonies, although to start 
with it did not promise too 
Weil: there were some tine 
moments in the fim 
ment but a sense of underlying 
symphonic growthand^m- 
cy was. only ' intermittently 
discernible. - 

The second movement was 
a much happier affair: -Ash- 
kenazy found a nicely judged 
tempo, less quick t han w e 
usually here, which perfectly 
suited the music’s not-so- 
nonchalant character and al- 

alanced «us dice-rattling lowed him to bring out 

a gains t an alert and tuneful ^ experts always*™ - darker undertones to idling 

, SofLound20.vtocra.The ^ to represent effect The Finale’s expanave 

Mentation was yigprousa^ ^e 0 f Siefiddles’ bowmgs 

I ss-.iL~.ja t sskssk 

have the continuo sustain 
chords under Chnstuss pro- 

theatre and television 

much, but then he admits to 
being a hard worker by up- 

t ™A?^ainiable and seno^ 

man,:Mingh^a ttoksBtoout 

his family with great afftoupn, 

and it -is not unrcasonable^to 

look for the influence Jus 

Drowning, (it .Greenwich jn 
1984), an mnbitious play^Uiai 
chronicled an Italian famtiy in 
England: But a more general 
and. fundamental influence 
must beflus admiration for me 
“formidable" women or tos 
&milyV, which is surely reflect- 
ed in thie attention he -pays to 
women characters in his plays. 
Indeed, probaWytos best 
known woik to date. Whale 
Music, was an extraordinarily 
perceptive play solely for and 
about women. - 

The’ play has now had 

SX5w --«— 53 
-i “J'^ F SSS 

wen: — • that uie „__j c r tin ms unuci - * 

-j Ginrlair I when Chnstussin^ tije . noun ccments (dsewhere 
David oinciair I u£s ^ vollbracht would to fach , nnahte bareness i 

ROYAL FESTIVAL HALL Friday 21 March at 730 




Symphonies 5 and 6 


IVne usu*e iji cooduewr 

fl.7S.iU5. 14.75. iT.SO, £10 &» Otto OI-MS Mil 

CC-OI-flSB® 00 

-Bisl vollbracht” wouldbe BEST rfi- 

disrupted by the round of a 



an - T30 pm 


Mod items pn-1838, si fef 
Admission £2118 ind. caWW» 
Penman Fairs 
01-351 6619 

aiSTUpiW , v<*t 

thousand turning pagw)- 
the overaU impressum ™* 
one of undue emotional re- 

partly this was because 
Gardiner made the gem sep 
ulchre chorus “Rubt woW 

vailed) was an inspired one. 
In that role Stephen Varcoe 

was convincingly un- 
wiih Ashkenazy pleas- 
ingly refusing to inflate the 
concluding peroration. 

Rachmaninov’s Third Sigaa- 

nhony was something of a 
disappointment, however.For 
some reason whia was diffi- 
cult to pin down exactly, the 

S Sal and ntuahstfc 
and this is what remained ™ 

ill Uiai iwiv w r — ^7 _ ■ . _^ i i 

lacked weight but was admirar p^ce seemed short-oreatnea 
blv steady in tone and diction, _ inconsequential, even - m a 
and Anthony Rolfe Johnson s ^ that emphatically itis not 
Evangelist was superbly sung. The Royal P bllh ?S. < 2S, C 
if wnra towards the unde- played with their usual clanty 
moSiv^rffie evening^ Springs, had more 









But it was also due toffie 
se-ntingly umnvolved man- 
the chiles were 
performed, and the raffia- 
breathless paring <ff 
These are, after all,. the sec 
lions where the pasaon story 
is absorbed and ro-framedm 
terms of ordinary mortals 
hopes and fears. 

Gardiner boldly selected 

most impassioncu .smph^ 
however, one looted toj*® 
dark-toned, powerful Pifatus 

of Coraelius Hauptmann, who 

was in exciting form. 

Richard Morrison 

RPO/ Ashkenazy 

Festival Hall 


SffmSfSJSlhS Vte'ram. 

notoriouslv tricky solos, and Symphony after gym- w tune rap ft i^irmriy 
■ ' • — *• «• - Rachmaninov s Thiro 77 ollP h on this occasion. Cer- 

A rather oddly conflituted 
concert, thiK Sibehuss 



suifirienr richness of tone m 
their big . moments, sod 
Ashkenazy seemed to be 
putting plenty into his inter- 
pretation. But strangely little 
seemed to be coming back out. 
In particular, the charged 
intensity of atmosphere m the 
outer movements seldom 
came across - as it should, and 
the riisp rhythms of Ash- 
kenazy’s piano-playing did 
not this time transfer to his 

productions on berth televi- 
sion and radio, and has met 
with mixed responses:.* lot of 
people havenot, while 
many of its supporters still 
have found it hard » befievett 
was ‘ written - by a man. 
•Minghella cannot accept that 
view: v ft seems to me-ihat the 
same. imaginative lqap is re- 
quired to write a speech for 
any character, whether it’s, a 
tnan or a woman" .. ■ 

As if to prove the point, he 
started to write' Made in 
Bangkok with the idea of not 
including a female role at all 
lx would be entirely about 
men's responses 10 a city that 
is recogn ized as a “a - sort of 
sexual supermarket”.' In the 
event though, he has spread the 
interest' equally between five 
characters, four men ' (played 
by: Paul Shelley. Benjamin 
Wtotrow, Peter McEnery and 
Christopher Fulfbrd) and one 

back, after having spent 
month in Hong Kong, what 
was vestigial wasn’t feelings 
about Hong Kong but about 


Made in Bangkok is about 
business as well as pleasure. It 
is not only sex that is for sale; 
Bangk ok is rich in cheap, 

uncomplaining manufactur- 
ing labour too, and in both 
ca s«s it is women who are 
exploited. The play, is pot, 
however, a shrill jou rnali stic 
expose, and Minghola stresses 
that its concerns : are much 
wider. His point is that Bang- 
kok makes manifest the cor- 
ruption that the West depends 
on but prefers not to think 
about — people ruining their 
eyesight welding components 
for computers, for example. 
“All we have done in fact is 
shift the corruption six thou- 
sand miles away, but it’s still ^ 
there." And if the play points w 

to the thinness of the divide 
between London and Bangkok 
it also challenges “liberal” 
western ideas about sexual 
behaviour — “you know, that 
if you unleash your inhibi- 
tions you have a healthier 
society". Some inhibitions, 
the play suggests, are much 
too dangerous io be let oul 

“In terms of stagecraft it’s a 
very conventional play. In fact 
Michael- Blakemore pointed 
out that, with all the doois and 
lifts, it’s a traditional hotel 
play. If it’s got a departure it’gj 
in attempting an authenticity! 
of language; fve tried to go for 
the- sort of language you bear; 
every day.” People's speeches! 
are. often fractured and eva-j 
.rive, particularly at key moj 
merits when they are forced tq 
discuss their sex-lives. “Mjl 
curiosity about the boggling 
territory of people’s privacy r 


woman . (Felicity Kendal). His probably deeply prurient, bu[ 
ensemble writing is one of his ‘ in this case it obviously pro! 

Rachmaninov s — . — . 
ates on a prerise wdotffc: 


^ton 1 




then pushed them through at a Rncnnummov ■ ‘jjj ^; t a enough on .. 
fiallopTso that phrases , lost phony .before it the audience response 

ffieir endings and quick® 1 performances was very positive. , 

esS««- MalcolmH * !es 

greatest strengths — “1 love 
orchestrating big scenes” — 
but he does sometimes worry 
that he does not seem able to 
write big lead parts. “F some- 
times try id, but- 1 can ; never 
get away from the idea that; if 
there are eight people in' a 
. room, they au see themselves 
as central to the scene.” 

vides a motor for so much thal 
goes on. 1 have, I thinlf 
moved away, from writini 
.plays just about people, i 
rooms. 1-want to write pla; 
now where what happens 
'private is only important 

as it can nourish a 
understanding of someth ii 

t- ' 1 ^ 

’ V? 





’s words this afternoon affect everyone’s lives. Sarah Hogg explains 



Economic growth, 198$ 

Last forecast 3 % 

Budget forecast 

Inflation through the year 
Last forecast 3 %% 

Budget forecast 

Public borrowing, 1986-87 

Previous target £7% bn 

Budget target 

OB revenues, 1986-87 
Hoped for £11% bn 

Now expecting: 

Money targets, 1886-87 


Sterling M3 +4 %-B% 

MO +2%~6% 

Budget targets: 

Sterling M3 



Exchange rate 

•The Chancellor's Budget predio- 
lions will gjye the first hint ofhow he 
reckons fatting ofl prices have aftered 
our economic prospects, , Bw the 
Treasury’s last published forecast 
was already quite optimistic about 
growth and inflation tins year - so 
listen for farms from the Chancellor - 
of whether the Treasury is looking 
for better thugs in 1987. 

The key Budget number is for the 
pubUc sector banowing requirement 
(PSBR). Mr Lawson's pubfisbed 
strategy allowed for borrowing of 
only £7% taffion in 198637, but that 
was based on aft revenues of £11% 
bilikm. Watch out fora big change in 
the latter (down £5 bffikra?). justify- 
ing a much more modest change m 

Much biggerchanges arc expected 
in money targets. Sterling M3 is 
growing by 14% per cent a year an 
the latest figures, way over previous 

MO - the narrowest definition of 
money - is more manageable, but 
other new targets are an the cards. 
Most interest attaches to the 
Chancellor's attitude to future mem- 
bership of the European Monetary 

National insurance rates 

\ 5% E38-E60 | 

7% £6O-£90 1 

9% E95-E285 | 

Employers Budget 

5% £38-£60 [ 

7% ' £60*£90 | | 

9% E95-E140 j 1 

10.45% Over £140 | 

Changes to job programmes 

Job Start 



Job splitting/release 



Other - - 

■ ■ 

Nationalised industries 

•Hie “tax on jobs" - officially 
known as national insurance - has 
been a favourite target for Mrs 
TfaafcherVChanoritaes. Inst year, 
Mr lawson cm the starting rate to 
help the fenr-paid and thrir empfoy- 
cfS. Ian tire new scales stiU leave a 
collection of awkward thresholds 
dose to the bottom of the earnings 
scale. WatduMt'for father changes, 
which need not cost mach if national 
instance fa wnrhangrd or increased 
for the higher-paid. Bat the tax 
“green paper” is expected to rule out 
complete fbsfcn of income tax and 

Hgmjaf l i it m ram-g. 

The GommnenfS employment 
progr a mmes are certain to be boost- 
ed in response to the latest rise in the 
dole queues. Watch out, in particu- 
lar, for changes designed to cater for 
the long-tEzm unemployed, and fix a 
nationwide extension of the 
Government's “Jobstart" experi- 
ment. The fable shows a variety of 
measures that may be extended. 

Listen, too, for changes hi the 
Chancellor’s pro gr am me of asset 
safes, or at feast bras of the order hi 
which Mr Lawson is now planning 
to seO off nationalised industries to 
meet his privatisation targets. 



VAT threshold: 

Neutral Budget: £20,500 

Actual Budget 

Other VAT changes 

Financial services tax 



Corporation tax: 

Planned: rate down to 35%; 
capital allowances ended 

Other changes 

Business sponsorship 

Company car scales, 1987 

Loan Guarantee Scheme 





Changes in Income tax 
reliefs for: 

Business Expansion Scheme 


SAYE/share options 


■ ms 

|| ■ 

Direct share-buying 

Stamp duty 

Small business changes 

•The threshold for VAT registra- 
tion needs to be raised every year. 
Small businesses have been de- 
manding a much bigger increase 
than the “neutral” figure shown in 
the table. 

Financial companies will be lis- 
tening with particular care. Big bank 
profits and high have 

brought, the Cay to the Prime 
Ministers attention again. A quid 
pro quo for lower stamp duty may 
be a new tax on this sector, though 
various avenues are dosed to the 
Chancellor. Mr Lawson himself 
promised he would not tax 
“windJaiT bank profits again, and 
a general VAT on financial ser- 
vices is against EEC rules. 

Changes in corporation tax are 
already decreed, though the Chan- 
cellor will certainly rub home the 
message that the basic rate is now 
the lowest in the major industrial 
nations. Small businesses are 
looking for more help, and new tax 
scales for company cars are a 
hardy Budget annual 
One novelty may be a change in 
the business tax regime to encour- 
age greater sponsorhip of the arts 
by business. 

CGT Threshold: 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

CTT Threshold: 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

Other changes 



•Mis Thatcher's new theme: 
watch out for changes scattered 
through the Budget to give person- 
al share ownership a boost A 
major, overhaul of the business 
expansion scheme, which gives 
income tax relief on np to £40,000 
invested in qualifying companies, 
is promised. The various different 
incentives for employees to pur- 
chase shares in their own compa- 
nies need to be bronght closer 

A cut in stamp duty on pur- 
chases of shares and other assets 
is widely expected; the surprise 
wiB be if Mr Lawson does not cut 
this by half to % per cent, to boost 
the City at a time of change and 
stimulate direct share ownership. 
The Chancellor may tinker with 
capital taxes under the same 
slogan. Capital Gains Tax, in 
particular, is widely criticised for 
complexity and ineffective ness. 
Thresholds for CGT and CTT 
should anyway be raised in line 
with inflation. As for many other 
taxes, the table gives the figures 
that would leave the basic thresh- 
olds for these taxes the same as 
last year in “Teal terms”. 



Gallon of petrol: 
Neutral Budget: 

Actual Budget 

20 cigarettes: 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

Pint of beer 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

Bottle of whisky: 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

Car licence: 
Neutral Budget 

Actual Budget 

Other duties 

Up 4%p 

Up Ip 

Up 30p 

Up £5.50 

VAT changes 

•Excise duties loom large in 
Budget headlines. Unlike VaT, 
whose yield automatically rises 
with prices, the yield from fixed- 
rate duties falls in real terms if 
they are not raised in each Budget 
The table shows “neutral 
increases" that would bring the 
real value of duties back to where 
they were at the last Budget and in 
the process restore nearly £700 
million to government revenue, so 
you can judge whether the Chan- 
cellor is reafiy raising the burden 
of tax on each item or simply 

Since petrol prices are falling 
anyway, Mr Lawson is widely 
expected to grab a bit extra at the 
pump. Every extra penny per 
gallon yields about £50 million a 

Other duties - on gambling, for 
example - attract less auention but 
are prime targets for budget 
tinkering. (The dog licence, for 
example, has been forecast for 
extinction for years, because it 
costs more to collect than it raises 
in revenue.) No major changes are 
expected in VAT coverage this 
year, after last year's argument 

Allowances, 1986-87 
Single person (and 
married woman) 

Neutral Budget Up £130 
To £2,335 

Actual Budget Up 


Married man 

Neutral Budget Up £200 
To £3,655 

Actual Budget Up 


Threshold for 40% rate 
Neutral Budget £17,100 

Actual Budget 

Threshold for 60% rate 
Neutral Budget £42,600 

Actual Budget 

Starting rate of tax 



•This is where the big money 
goes. Higher income tax thresh- 
olds are required by law, to make 
op for the effects of inflation on 
personal allowances. The table 
shows the figures for single and 
married allowances that would just 
do the job. Indexing thresholds in 
this way costs £1.4 billion If 
extended to all personal allow- 
ances. Bnt this cost is built Into the 
calculations of a “neutral" budget, 
which include adjustments for 
higber-rate thresholds: the table 
shows what is needed for the 40 
per cent and 60 per cent rates. 

Every extra £10 on all the maiu 
personal allowances costs over £70 
million in lost revenue, but a cut in 
the basic rate of tax is far more 
expensive: every penny off costs 
£1.2 billion. Cutting the starting 
rate of tax (by introducing a lower- 
rate band) would be cheaper, but is 
a device previously abolished by 
the Thatcher government. 

The future of income tax will be 
sketched in a "green paper" 
proposing transferable tax allow- 
ances for husbands and wives and 
the abolition of the married man's 


Age allowances 

Single parent's allowance 

la a 



Charitable donations 

Other covenants 


Pensions/life assurance 

Social security 

Health Insurance 

Other reliefs/allowances 

•The main personal tax allow- 
ances and reliefs are likely to 
emerge unscathed, but listen for 
adjustments and additions. The 
Chancellor does not always in- 
crease the age allowances as much 
as the basic single and married 
ones, while single parents have 
been given special help in the pasL 

There is a wide variety of rather 
modes: special reliefs (eg. for the 
blind) that occasionally attract the 
Chancellor's charity. But the most 
costly are tax relief on mortgage 
interest and pension schemes. The 
Chancellor's attempts to reduce 
the latter, however, came to 
nothing last year. 

Strictly speaking, mortgage tax 
relief needs to be increased by 
£1.500 (to £31.500) if its value is 
not to be cut in real terms, but 
scepticism about the economic 
value of this relief means it wtil 
probably be left as it is. 

A new possibility to listen out 
for - changes in the tax treatment 
of gifts to charities, to stimulate 
American-style private giving. Ex- 
isting covenant arrangements 
oblige the giver to enter into a 
long-term commitment. 

Shifts in perspective 

H o Liam Affley, a head- 
master by profession, 
the first day off after a 
weekend on night 
came like a bright beam 
pit after the darkness, 
lout experiencing it, 
body from my back- 
id couldn’t conceive of 
it feels, to work in the 
of the night is the middle 
nter, in those few hours 
jyou can go home and to 
E even became confused 
what day of the week it 

: by half- term he was 
ng a confident path in 
hie overalls, down the 
half-mile arcade of Brit- 
leefs tinplate works, at 
re, Llanelli, as hurtling 
s. whisked huge coils of 
steel high above his 
jailed head. 

i be was talking like a 
an y man: “We nave a 
? corporate feeling here— 
1 instinctively said 

" His wife was busy in 
ipemiarket, a loyal sup- 
ig consumer with a corn- 
issue magnet, running it 
the shelves in search of 
ritish steel tins, rejecting 
made in the rival 

niuni- ... . 

face beaming, who “» 
siassi of th® discoverer, 
ffiey explains how the 
dual cods -are welded 

rr into a seamless whole 

ontmuous process. « s 
verv simple when yo® 
but’ basic concepts fake 
ire very difficult for 
m to grasp. How me you 
them unless you hav® 

ey is one of about 60 

rasters throughout mc 
V w ho wifl “ 
ini sabbatical this year 
the CB1 Education 

Headmasters are learning some hard 
lessons on the shop floor in a CBI 
scheme designed to bring education 
and industry closer together 

Man with a mission: Liam A£0ey at work 

STv^rii *»s been 
rarper rsfewmoe by 
fear.. , . • 

«... oA fw hK 

local authority, Dyfed, chose 
to work at Troaxe, a short 
stroll from his school, St John 
Lloyd Comprehensive, be- 
cause it encapsulated the 
whole, range of business, ft 
takes in the raw product, steel, 
from other BFC plants; it 
processes the steel, reducing it 
from 2mm thick to 02mm 
and sells it, mainly for can- 
ning, at home and abroad. 

UBl negotiated his place- 
ment and BSC willingly ac- 
. cepted him, allowing him free 
access and a desk at which to 
write up his notes. After a. 
week’s induction course, he 
wais on the shop floor. 

He fmcoontered neither re- 
sentment nor suspicion. "The 
company was very generous 
and hospitable. People 
couldn't show me enough, or 
tell me though. Why certain 
bkwwM. what Ibis or 

that process meant" In his 
turn he imparts advice to 
its at Trostre with prob- 
over their children's 

Hie UBI project is designed 
to build up a body of people in 
key positions in education 
wiih first-hand knowledge of 
industry, who can pass their 
understanding on io their 

M r Affley believes 
there could be 
long term benefits 
both for the school 
and British Steel from his 
stay."lnitially I will percolate 
my experience down to my 
staff and ,to the children. It’s 
my duty io make them aware 
of what goes on. in a. modern 
industry, m be able to tell 
them what their fathers do at 
work, when it’s perfectly natu- 

ral that they themselves don't 
want to talk about it after a 
hard day. I'll be able to tell 
them getting up eaily is no 

BSC may also benefit from 
his outsider’s observations on 
how certain jobs are done. He 
is researching and helping to 
compile the commentary for 
an interactive video which 
BSC will use as a training 
aid-Even such a short stay in 
industry has modified his 
perception of the appropriate 
path for a child from school to 

H e says: "Three 
months ago l might 
have said a certain 
child should go to 
the. sixth form or try for 
university. Now I would say it 
might be advisable for a child 
of average intellectual ability, 
who shows an inventive 
sneak, to take any job in a 
company like this where pro- 
motion prospects are very 
good. I am sure that person 1 
would then move into higher 
grades very quickly. If they 
work hard they can get on ana 
enjoy job satisfaction.” 

Si John Lloyd Comprehen- 
sive can expect the return of a 
zealot, not a prodigal son next 
term. "I have a mission, a 
;i message to pass on. 
>'$ a general awareness in 
this factor}' that there’s a job 
to do, that they should do it, 
and perfectly. I want my 
pupils to know this. 

"I’ve seen modem British 
industry in the shape of 
Trostre keeping abreast of 
technological innovation, 
waring up to do the best for 
Britain. I’m sure the high 
standards and level, of excel- 
lence I have seen here are 
mirrored in factories up and 
down the county. What we 
have here is the basis for a 
revival in British industry." 



Eight pages of news and analysis, 
with the Budget speech in full 
and the main points analysed 

Haw Davies 


A selection from our 15 sales in London this week. 
Important English and Foreign Silver, Objects of ' 
Vertu and Miniatures: Wednesday, 19th March at 

10.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m., King Street: A magnificent 
wine cooler and plateau modelled by John Flaxman and 
Edward Hodges Baily highlight the silver section of this sale. 
Other important pieces include a pair of candelabra by Paul 
Storr made in 18 26 and a fine soup tureen and cover after the 
Warwick Vase by Matthew Boulton and Co. of 1827. 

Among several sets of dinner plates are 36 made for Sarah 
Jennings. 1st Duchess of Marlborough, in 1740. This sale 
also includes gold and silver snuffboxes and of particular 
London interest, a silver-mounted torroise-shefl box applied 
with the Westminster Magistrates badge introduced by 
George III in 1763. The afternoon session comprises a varied 
selection of portrait miniarutes and silhouettes. 

Continental Pictures and Drawings of the 19th 
and 20th Centuries: Friday, 21st March at 10.30 a.m., 
King Street: The highlight of this sale is an album of works 
assembled in the 1850s by Krause, the Berlin collector. The 
album is devoted mainly to mid-1 9th century Berlin artists 
and all the watercolours in it are in exceptionally fine 
condition, not least among them being a work by Adolf 
Menzel tided lm Pretax. Ocher important pieces in the sale 
include a self-portrait by Anders Zorn and two watercolours 
by Carl Larssen, whose work in this medium recently 
topped the £100, 000-mark at Christie’s. 

Impressionist, Modem and Contemporary 
Paintings, Sculpture, Drawings and 
Watercolours: Tuesday, 25 March at 11.00 a.m. and 

2.30 p.m., King Street: This sale comprises a wide and 
varied selection of decorative pictures and sculpture. 

Estimates range from ,£300 to £40,000. Of particular interest 
is a pastel by Louis Anquetin Le Foyer it Theatre, the model for 

this work is also thought to appear in the work of Toulouse 
La u tree. Among the many artists represented in this sale are 
works by Boudin, van Rysselberghe, Utrillo, Modigliani 
and Sculpture by Diego Giacometti, Mane-Katz and Dali 

Orders, Decorations and Campaign Medals, 
Awards and Royal Presentation Pieces to Sir 
Henry M. Stanley: Tuesday, 25th March at 11.00 
a.m.. King Street: The Orders, Medals and Royal 
Presentation pieces conferred on one of the major figures of 
19th century exploration in Africa, Sir Henry Monon 
Stanley, GCB, are to be sold on behalf of the explorer's 
grandson. In addition to the numerous awards from 
Geographical and Historical Societies in the United 
Kingdom, Belgium, Fiance, Italy and Sweden the sale also 
includes three Royal Presentation pieces: a gold and 
diamond-encrusted oral snuffbox from Queen Victoria; a 
presentation jewel bearing a miniature of Queen Victoria 
within a gold and diamond-srudded setting, and a 
rectangular cigar case in silver, from Albert Edward, Prince 
of Wales. 

Postage Stamps of the British Empire: Tuesday, 
25th March at 10.30 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. and 
Wednesday, 26th March at 10.30 a.m. at Robson Lowe, 
Duke Street: British Empire will include Colonial die 
proofs. Ascension. British Columbia. Gibraltar and Malta 
the latter with rare and valuable postal history as well as the 
collection formed by Leslie Wheeler former President of the 
Royal Philatelic Society of London. 

Viewing: King Street: Weekdays 9 a.m. - 4.45 p.m. 
Enquiries: (01) 839 9060 
South Kensington: 

Mondays 9 a.m. - 7 p.m. 

Tuesday to Friday 9 a.m. - 4.45 p.m. 

Enquiries: (01)5817611 

Christie’s have 25 offices throughout the UK, If you would like to know the name of your nearest representative 
please telephone Caroline Treffgarne on (01) 588 4424 

' . •' • rt 



= The Virginia Slims finals in New York this week provide the latest setting for one of the greatest rivalries in tennis history 


Celestial twins of the centre 

In the Gist of a 

two-part series, 
Richard Evans charts 
Martina Navratilova’s 
rise to fame and the 

friendship that grew 
from her battles with 

Chris Evert Lloyd 

Tommy HWfcy 

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One talks of stars and superstars in 
tennis, but in these terms Martina 
Navratilova ami Chris Evert Lloyd 
must be said to form a constellation 
of their own. After 67 matches and an 
intense and emotional rivalry that 
has transcended anything tennis has 
known, they are still playing the 
game at a level that most other 
women players can only dream of. 

The unlikely origin of this phe- 
nomenon was Akron, Ohio, where 
almost 13 years ago to the day they 
met for the first time at a little indoor 
arena In front of a few hundred 
spectators. This week, as the Virgin- 
ia Slims tour draws to its climax at 
Madison Square Garden, Martina 
and Chrissie. as they are known to 
friend and fan alike, are competing 
for the latest in a long line of 
glittering trophies: the $250,000 
prize for the player who has accumu- 
lated the most points in the preceding 
12 months. Ten days ago, before the 
Virginia Slims of Dallas, Lloyd, 
aided by high point scoring wins at 
the French Open and the Upton 
Players Championships was 160 
points ahead of Navratilova. Now, 
after Navratilova's win in Dallas on 
Sunday, whoever goes furthest in 
New York this weekwill end up No 1; 
no one else is close. 

There have, of course, been other 
great rivalries in tennis. The many 
duels between Margaret Court and 
BOlie-Jean King in the late 1960s 
come closest in the women's game for 
longevity and excellence. Lew Hoad 
and Ken Rosewail and later Rosewali 
and Rod Laver stand out among the 
mem bat as all three were Australian 
their matches lacked that element of 
bitterness that Ted Tinting, sage of 


Navratilova, with two eyes on the target: to become the greatest player who ever lived 

tennis history, remembers of the 
tattles that raged from 1924 to 1930 
between the American Bill TiJden 
and one of France's "Four 
Musketeers'*. Jean Borotra. 

Yet an almost total absence of 
acrimony has been one of the most 
notable aspects of the current rivalry. 
To call the women close friends 
would be to simplify a complicated 
relationship, but the fact remains 
that each player has inspired and 
improved the other. As far as Lloyd 
is is concerned, her long-standing 
rival has kept her in the game. “I'd 
have been bored if I had been No 1 all 
those years", she told me. “Martina 
offered a challenge. She gave me new 

“She's obsessed", Pam Shriver, 
Navratilova's regular doubles part- 

ner, says of lioyd. “With Martina 
the motivation tends to go op and 
down now. I suppose she's becoming 
more human or something. But with 
Chris it is constant I've never seen a 
competitor like her. She just won't let 

That much becomes clear from a 
quick study of the head-to-head 
records. Uoyd was so dominant at 
the start that she was leading 24-6 at 
the beginning of 1979. Then 
Navratilova brat her for the second 
year in a row in the Wimbledon final 
and dosed the gap to 28-14 by early 
1981 despite a shattering 6-0.6-0 loss 
to the American base-liner on day in 
the WTA Championships. 

Navratilova reacted to that by 
winning a desperately dose three-set 

struggle in the semi-finals of the US 
Open that same year, a victory that 
set her off on an amazing ran of 
success against her great rivaL In 20 
matches the Czech-born left-hander 
lost only twice and, when the 
unbeaten sequence had stretched to 
13 consecutive matches, many former 
champions would have pocketed 
their pride and called it a day. 

Lloyd's answer was to bead for the 
gym, reach for the weights and 
quickly earn the rewards that come 
from greater strength and physical 
well-being by beating Navratilova 6- 
2, 6-4 in the Virginia Slims of Florida 
in 1985. That was soon followed — 
two Navratilova victories later — by 
the match that caught the public 
imagination tike no other, a thrilling 

A s a teenager in 
Prague Navratilova knew 
about Lloyd from tennis 
magazines sent to her by a 
cousin in Canada. “I used 
to read about her", she told me 
wondering what it must be like to 
play at Wimbledon or at Forest 
Hills, and admiring how she handled 
herself at such a young age. Then 
when I found myself facing her on 
court that first time in Akron, it was 
just tremendously exciting. The 
excitement has never stopped. 

Both players have admitted that 
the other invades their dreams. *i 
dream about Chris quite often”, 
Navratilova said. “We are not 
always playing tennis. Sometimes 
it's basketball, sometimes table ten- 
nis, and I don't always win. Then I 
wake up with a start like I’ve been 
through a nightmare!” 

In reality. Chris has been anything 
but a nightmare to Martina. Apart 
from becoming the motivating factor 
in her desire for improvement, the 
underlying force, in fact, that spurred 
the Czech girl to maximise her 
enormous physical capabilities, 
Chris has also been a comfort to the 
expatriate let loose in a new world. 

“When 1 made my first visit to 
America in 1973. Chris was already 
one of the top players on the lour . By 
the lime she turned 1 8 she was well 
known as America's sweetheart or 
America's Ice Princess", 
Navratilova says in her book Being 

“Nowadays we're like chocolate or 
vanilla, jazz or classical, two champi- 
ons with opposing styles and 
temperaments competing for limited 
space at the top. I look forward to the 
day when we can share a bottle of 
wine and talk about the old days." 

“I used to turn to Chris a lot for 
help and advice in those early years 
in America," Martina told me. “We 
used to play doubles together which 
helped, and she was always so 

understanding. Basically, she's just a 
great lady, and no matter what' 
happens while we are out there, 
battling to become number one in 
the world, she will always be my 

C ; j| 

So far this year Navratilova has 
won four tournaments, had 'flu and 
been caught with a gun. It is the gun 
- detected in her hand luggage 
during routine security screening at 
San Francisco Airport — that has 
created the biggest headlines.Ljke 
many Americans she normally car- 
ried it in her checked ba ggag e, but 
this time she had 
foTgotten.Controversy inevitably fol- 
lows such a wealthy woman. 
Navratilova has earned more prize 
money (SI0 million) than any other 
man or woman in the history of 
tennis, a sum undreamt of only a few 
years ago when, at 20, she took the 
brave derision to leave her family in 
Prague and defect to the West 

Her Americanization did not take 
long. From the moment she arrived 
there she was caught up in its whirl of 
hype, riches and excess. Like many 
Czechs exposed to the Western 
world, she took a long time finding 

“We all took a long time”, 
Jaroslav Drobny, who won Wimble- 
don at the age of 33, told me recently. 
“Lendl. Mandiikova and myself 
included — because we all suffer 
from a complex. Czechoslovakia is a 
small country with a confusing 
history. We are a complexed 

It look some strong personalities 
to lead Navratilova away from the 
path of temptation. Apart from Dr 
Haas and his nutritional diet, the 
two who mattered were Nancy 
Lie berm an. a boisterous American 
feminist from the world of basket- 
tall. and Renee Richards, the trans- 
sexual doctor soon to be portrayed 
by Vanessa Redgrave in a television 
film of her life. 


9k • ' • i ' • 

Martina Navratilova 

‘I look forward to the 
day when we can 
share a bottle of wine’ 

Lieberman got Navratilova fit and 
Richards, who made history by 
earning the right to play on the 
women’s circuit, taught her some 
truths about the technicalities of the 
game. Richards did not, however, 
survive the humiliating defeat 
Navratilova suffered at the hands of 
Kathy Horvath at the French Open 
of 1983.Thai setback prompted her 
to look for a new coach. She by- 
passed the obvious candidates and 
approached Mike Estep, a bright, 
politically active member of the 
ATP. the men players' union. 

Estap had not achieved anything 
startling during a long career on the 
professional circuit and had never 
coached a top player, but he lived 
near Navratilova in the Dallas area 
and was a keen student of the 
attacking kind of game she knew lay 
within her capabilities. 

“She had already won so much 
that 2 didn't know what I could do 
for her", Estep said. “So Tasked her 
what she wanted; what she was 
aiming for.” She told. him. she. 
wanted to become the greatest player 
who ever lived. 

Feeling Lloyd's shadow at her 
shoulder, Navratilova knew that 
mere physical might would not be 
enough.“So bit by bit we had to 
make technical changes”, Estep said. 
“She used to have several different 
grips on the forehand. Now she had 
settled on the Continental grip which 
not many players use today.” 

Details would be worked out in 
long practice sessions which 
Navratilova enjoyed, but on one 
point Estep would not compromise. 
He insisted that this magnificent 
athlete should use her physical 
attributes to the fulL 

“Basically, that means forgetting 
the base-line stuff, and playing tike a 
man”, he said. “It means getting to 
the net as soon as you get a short bafl. 
As the first time you see a short ball 
in a rally is on a weak second serve I 
told Martina to get in right then. 
Chip and charge. Why wait? You're 
seldom going to get a better 

It was this switch to all-out assault 
that propelled Navratilova through 
the latter part of her long winning 
streak against Uoyd and, in turn, set 
up the second phase of their rivalry 
by forcing Lloyd to go tack to the 
drawing board. 

But as the glare of the spotlight 
became greater and the intensity of 
their rivalry increased, so tensions 
strained the friendship. Already their 
lifestyles were too different for them 
to spend much time socializing. Now 
off-the-cuff remarks made in press 
conferences by one about the other 
started to rankle. Privately, both 
have been hurt by them. 

Nevertheless the respect has re- 
mained and Navratilova, the most 
naturally outgoing of the two. still- 

It is from here that she pursues, her 
interests outside tennis; involving 
herself with a variety of charitable 
activities, including a local orphan- 
age, women's rights and 
Conservation-Concern for others is 
as much part of Martina as her 
occasional acts of arrogance. Cbm-, 
plex, if no longer completed, 
Martina Navratilova is already pre- 
paring herself for that day when 
beating Chris Evert Uoyd .is no 
longer her primary concern. In the 
meantime — and indeed for the 
forseeable future — she win try to 
become the greatest player who ever 
lived. Statistically, however, she still 
has a long way to go, starting with 
this year's attempt to equal Dorothy 
Lambert Chambers's record of seven 
Wimbledon singles titles. • - • l 

How Heathrow is trying to do its duty 

Revolutionary new 
methods are now 
being employed to 
cash in on the 
travelling executive 

When it opens in April. 
Heathrow's fourth terminal 
will offer the latest in airport 
thinking— a spacious interior, 
widespread use of natural light 
and functional design that are 
in their own way revolution- 

The real object of excite- 
ment in the trade, however, is 
the duty-free shopping area. 
This has been designed in 
scale and sophistication to 
make even more money out of 
an activity that has already 
put the British Airports Au- 
thority in the top 20 of the 
country’s retailers. A cynic 
might describe Terminal 4 as a 
huge duty-free shop with air- 
port terminal attached. 

The tax-free sales area at 
Heathrow's Terminal 2, for 
example, claims the highest 
sales per square metre of any 
shop in the world — higher 
even than the famous Marks 
and Spencer branch in Oxford 
StreeL In peak periods the 
duty-free shops at Gatwick 
and Heathrow's Terminal 3 
record sales of over £1 million 
a week. 

For the BAA, shortly due to 
follow British Airways into 
privatization, duty and tax- 
free sales provide the tack- 
bone of income. In the last 
financial year it earned £179 
million from commercial ac- 
tivities, mainly the duty-free 
shops, increasing commercial 
division profitability by 24 per 
cent to £96 million. Heathrow 
alone had a commercial in- 
come of £118.3 million. 

1 l 

The BAA. which runs seven 
airports including Heathrow, 
is the envy of airport authori- 
ties around the world for the 
shrewd way it has exploited 
the duty-free market- 

But while Heathrow made a 
profit of £60.5 million on this 
account, the airport business 
itself made a loss of £1 
million. Without the money 
made from duty-free Scotch 
and cigarettes, and the tax-free 
sales of hi-fi and Burberry 
coats, there is no doubt that 
Heathrow would have to in- 
crease its charges to airlines, 
resulting in higher fores. 

To make the most of the 
opportunities at Terminal 4, 
the authority turned to Fitch 
<& Co, one of whose directors, 
Alan Mackinnon, has become 
something of a guru to the 
international airport shopping 

He believes that sales of 
duty-free liquor and tobacco 
have reached their limit and 
that the future lies in tax-free 
sales to travelling executives: 
cosmetics, perfume, electronic 
goods, fashion, luggage.. 

“By the very nature of their 
lifestyle these people have no 
opportunity to shop in the 
normal way”, he says. “If you 
put them in a hypermarket 

they would panic.**At an air- 
port they have both the money 
and the time to shop, often for 
presents for wives or children. 

One immediate effect of the 
Mackinnon philosophy has 
been on the methods used by 
airport tax-free shops to sell 
perfume. Until now they have 
been geared to to selling it as if 
most customers will be fe- 
male: in fact about 80 per cent 
of buyers will be men. “They 
are buying perfume for their 
wife, their mistress or their 
secretary. Instead of being 
‘talked up* by sales assistants 
they want to know the price 

In Dublin airport 

Mackinnon began a system 
where perfumes were grouped 
in three areas: perfumes up to 
£30, from £30 to £50, and £50 
upwards; and in different 
groups: sophisticated per- 
fumes in one area, romantic 
perfumes in another and 
“lifestyle" perfumes (like 
Charlie) in a third group. As a 
result of this dear signposting, 
sales have rocketed, 

Fitch & Co have done the 
interior design work on Ter- 
minal 4, but the duty-free and 
tax-free sales areas have been 
designed and laid out by the 
British Airports Authority it- 

When the terminal opens, 
travellers will discover the 
duty-free sales area is a zone 
within the tax-free area; you 
will not be able to nip in to buy 
a bottle of Scotch without 
passing through the tax-free 
area twice. There will be 
clearly marked “product 
categories”: a fine wine and 
whisky area, for example, 
instead of a variously stacked 
giant halL 

Also, for the first time, the 
duty and tax free sales areas 
will be dosely integrated with 
the bar, cafeteria and news- 
agent, so f hai travellers will 

move naturally from one area 
to the other. 

The authority wants to cre- 
ate the ambience of a Hamods 
sale — “a luxurious, quality 
environment with people foil- 
ing over themselves to save 
money on branded goods?, 
says Allan Blacher. the BAA's 
commercial development di- 

The obstacle in the path of , 
the efforts to increase sales is 
the quite widespread belief 
that all duty and tax fine sales 
are an enormous confidence 

The authority has done 
careful research on passengers 
in departure lounges who have 
not bought anything -from the 
duty and tax free shops. “The 
most common answer is that 
there's riot much to be saved”, 
Blacher says,” When , we ask 
them how much they think the 
.saving actually is, they have 
no idea.” 

With the authority's mar- 
keting campaign about , to' 
move up a gear with the; 
opening of Terminal 4, pas- 
sengers are unlikely to be left 
in ignorance much longer. 

Frank Barrett 



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. duel in the French Open last Jane 
' which Lloyd mm 7-5 in the third set 
with a backhand winner up the tine 
that will be remembered for as long 
as tennis is played at Stade Rnfamd 

Far from fading away to hare 
babies with John lioyd, she had 
suddenly closed the gap and was fidly 
competitive again with toe only 
player who really mattered. Even 
though Navratilova won both their 
remaining matches of 1985, in the 
finals of Wimbledon and the Austra- 
lian Open, she lost a set in both on 
the surface that is supposed to fovoor 
ber most, grass. 

So the score stands enticingly at 
35-32 in Navratilova's favour. Can 
Lloyd catch up? In Dallas last week I 
looked for toe answer. . . 

1982 Nav ralfl ov a 
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'Aggregate stews Bavrailaua's rectories first 

talks of the way they can relate to 
each other when the pre s sure is off 
"It is not just girl-talk when we are 
together”, she told Peggy Gossett, 
who travels the circuit as spokes- 
woman for the Women's Tennis 
Association. “We get right into the 
very, very personal part of our lives. 
I feel I can tell her anything and she 
feels the same way, I think. We've 
seen each other so vulnerable on the 
court and shared so many intense 
moments that we can open op 
without any holding back.” 

“Opening up” has always been a 
little easierfor Navratilova, which is 
why she win always be the most 
controversial of the two. Her private- 
relationships with women were dis- 
cussed frankly in her autobiography, 
but even so some of her friends were 
surprised, though not shocked, when 
they received a Christmas card 
featuring a picture of Judy Ndson, 
the ex-wife of a Dallas doctor, and 
herself. Along with a cat and an 
assortment of dogs, the couple now 
share a four-bedroomed house in 
Fort Worth, styled to Navratilova’s 
specifications in art deco designs and 



“No matter what 
happens now while we 

are still competing, the 
basic friendship will 
survive. I know if I 
had a real personal 
problem I could go to 
Martina and die would 
respond. wW 

Chris Evert Lloyd on 
the truth behind the 

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Norman Hartnell ready-AHKn^db mannish tailoring. Bight: puff ball skirt Photographs by Harry Kerr 

The late, great Sir Norman 
Hartnell never designed any- 
thing that a lady might wear 
for breakfast. His world was 
the great occasion and the 
grand gown. But what are 
Ladies who Lunch to do about 
the new Hartnell ready-to- 
wear collection? 

There is a little something 
for after six — a slither of rose- 
pink satin here, a slip of velvet 
and ottoman silk there. The 
cocktail section was what you 
might call a canapi of a 
collection, small, shapely and 
with not much to bite on. 

This was the contribution of 
Victor Edelstein, one of three 
designers called in to revitalise 
the House of HannelL 

Joint collections are like 
group photographs: it is hard 
to get everybody looking good 
and the result is often blurred. 
It was quite clear in this case 

cuts by 

This is a vintage seas on for 
Jean Muir, who has always 
believed that cat is aU-zmpor- 
tant — knows more about 
it tb«Q die rest of (he London 
designers put together. 

She showed tailoring 
shaped on the carve: lap el s 
lapping the throat, seaming 
shaping the bast and hemlines 
rounded oft- A new dress 
shape, with soft panniers of 
fabric at the hip, showed off 
couture tricks. So did the flirty 
pep] mm jackets and coats, with 
godets of fabric cut in like 
butter. The Jean M ak kata 
are now a great strength, 
shaped m the body which was 
very awcb on show as sw eaters 
were worn over leggings and 
shirred fabric gripped the 
hips. ’ _ . 

In. a season when dark 
colours dominate, Jean Mhu - , 
who took her curtain-c all m 
her perennial navy, showed 
alarming shades of orange, 
pmpr nM and chrome ydfa* 
alongside classic colours. 

The Mmr cdOectSM, *»» 
backed by the Coats Pxfon 
group, h> balanced by an 
enlarged Studio CoBedwn 
shown separately. 

The fancy dress party is over. 
Young designers making news 
at Olympia went for power 
dressing and tailoring. It was 
the same story at the shows, 
where the theatrical costumes 
of John Galliano's Young 
innocents, adorned whh twigs 
and muslin, were upstaged by 
fitted shapes and tailoring 
London fashion may bp'’* 
found sense, but it hasn't tost 
wit: Joe Cede? Hayfbros 
New Conservatives Collection 
takes a wry took a cxiy 

dressing. His taneaure of 

city suit has wide lapels ana 
over-sized uim-ups. 



who had designed what The 
South African Allahn McRae 
had produced high evening 
clothes which were unremit- 
tingly black and gave a sod to 
the famous Hartnell embroi- 
deries. mostly by tying ropes 
of beads round the waist 
The long daywear section 
was by Sheridan Barnett, and 
therein lay the problem. At a 
moment when the fashion 
world in general and all the 
leading London designers, are 
inspired by the sophistication 
of haute couture. Barnett 

Mixing a fresh 
- cocktail of 
British designers 
for the Eighties 

chose perversely to stick to his 
androgynous tailored 
daywear. This is a look that 
Armani in Italy does superbly, 
but requires a lightness in 
tailoring, luxurious and inven- 
tive fabrics and superb make. 
None of these things appeared 
on the Hartnell runway, al- 
though there were some good, 
strong, simple shapes for tai- 
lored tweed jackets and dark 
corduroy coats. 

The. recent Norman 
Hartnell exhibition at Brigh- 
ton should have shown his 

relevance to a new generation 
that is longing to dress up 
again. I doubt whether any of 
the three designers had turned 
a page of Sir Norman's biogra- 
phy Silver and Gold, which is 
both an entertaining book and 
a statement of his fashion 
philosphy, which was to make 
women look the charming, 
delicate, romantic creatures be 
believed we are. 

I do not see the point of 
refurbishing Hartnell's faded 
grandeur, without taking his 
own work as a frame of 
reference. Kail Lagerfeld has 
revitalised Chanel by steeping 
hfrnself in Mademoiselle's 
own work and moving . on 
from there. Of the three 
Hartnell designers, two sank 
to tbe occasion. Only 
Edelstein might be able to 
produce something worthy of 
the master's memory. 



Jean Muir’s fresh kails worn with narrow leggings 


The knee-length slim skins 
which were a strong look on 
the catwalks are rivalled by 
Stephanie Cooper’s long foil- 
skirted dresses with cinched- 
in waists in navy blue or Wack. 
The riding coat survives an- 
other season, with double 
rows of ChaneHook shiny 

buttons by Jane Stott 

Monty Don jewellery brings . 
Parisian chic to our lapels with 
diamante poodle and butterfly 
broodies. The original 1950s 

handbag is recreated in 
smooth bloi leather, an es- 
sential accessory for the little 
black suit Hearts and flowers 
were a sweeter story from 
Gary Wright and Sheila 

Country cousins wear baggy 
eskimo sweaters with reindeer 
and Christmas trees from 
Artwork; Ally Capellino goes 
nautical with matelot sweat- 
ers. sailor collars and anchors 
knitted into thick wool jack- 

Rebecca Tyrrel 

>>-• ***£*$£ 

■M ; m 0- 

• - >• . Tv - 

; ■f'C?-;? ■■ 

* t . - C- : - 

i : 

Sendhig up MDe Chanel is 
the fan story in London. The 
chain-reaction at Joseph Tri- 
cot bro ug ht ns elongated knits 
Interlaced with gilded 
‘'Chanel” r ha lire, as well as 
printed with trompe /tool 
crosses in the manner of 
Madonna, who was the star 
guest m the andfence. 

Just iu case we did not get 
the message, Joseph also sent 
up the entire emphasis on 
Parisian due in current fash- 
ion. Sharp red and white knits, 
bordered with white a la 
Chand, were sent oat as a 
mock coutme collection with 
no musk and the models 
carrying numbered cards, 

Zandra Rhodes also used 
chains for a Chanel spool 
printing them on silky black 
jersey dresses (above) that 
were cut dose to the body like 
all her newer clothes. 

But Zandra Is first and last 
a fabric designer and decora- 
tor, Her prints this season 
were inspired by tbe Great 
Barrier Reel and an anderwa- 
ter kmgdom of frauds and fish 
were prated onto her chiffon 
dresses which had tiny star- 
fish hanging from the hem. 

Harrods goes French with a 
wealth of Gallic savoir-faire 
throughout the store, with the 
accent put on la mode. 
Fashion, tradition, innovation: 
France has many facets to ex- 
plore. This week in Olympic 
Way; Fourth Floor; there will 
be demonstrations of the game 
of petanque, and customers 
are invited to join in. In the 
next room, Travel Goods, there 
is a model of the t TGV^ dis- 
playing a video history of this 
splendid high-speed train. And 
more vitesse on the Ground 
Floor in the Man’s Shop, 
where there is an opportunity 
to win a splendid new Peugeot 
205 GIT. 

Urbane yet casual, this look 
from Parallax exemplifies that 
*je ne sais quoi* of le style 
frangais. Beige jacket £115 
Pfeach shirt £29 Beige trousers 
£44 Blue silk tie £19.50 
Leisureman. Fourth Floor. 
Personal shoppers only. 

To complete your trip, a taste of 
la gastronomic. Together with 
the renowned Hold Ritz, Rais, 
Harrods has created a very 
special restaurant, Tfim pression 
- Ritz de Paris*, exclusively for 
this grand promotion. In elegant 
surroundings you can enjoy the 
finest French emsine. GuyLegay, 
Mattie Chef des Cuisines of 
TlEspadon \ the highly ac- 
claimed restaurant at the Hotel 
Ritz, has devised a superb 
luncheon menu. Three delicious 
courses -prepared by his talented 
team cf chefs - with champagne 
aperitif, wines and coffee, for just 
£18.50. To reserve a table, 
telephone 01-730 1234, ext 
3464 or 3467. 

The chic of the French. 

Now until 12th. April. 





'V 1 -' ) JJ 


In v 
is n 
It i 


















— — -- — ■— — •- 





big scene 

Inside sources in Washington tell 
me that former UN ambassador 
Jeane Kirkpatrick is being 
groomed as running mate to 
George Bush in the 1988 presiden- 
tial election. The former Demo- 
crat turned Republican left the 
Reagan cabinet last year after 
foiling to be promoted to the State 
Department. But she has for from 
disappeared from view, regularly 
pontificating on television and 
writing a syndicated newspaper 
column. She is much nearer an 
Iron Lady than Geraldine Ferraro, 
Walter Mondale's Democrat run- 
ning-mate in 1984, who has since 
remained in the public eye plug- 
ging diet cola in television ads. 
Post-Ferraro .senior Republicans 
and Democrats alike are wary of 
another woman running for the 
vice-presidency, but Kirkpatrick 
could well win over the sceptics. 

• No sooner had Observer editor 
Donald Treiford spotted my piece 
on Mirror managing edtior Jo 
Foley's resignation than be rang to 
offer her the editorship of his 
colour magazine. I'm on 10 per 
cent, Donald. 

Last laugh 

Martin Rogers, head of King 
Edward's School in Birmingham, 
could be forgiven for rueing the 
day he allowed John Geese into 
his school hall to film the final 
scene in the film Clockwise. Geese 
plays a demented head who cracks 
up while making the chairman’s 
address to a collection of snobbish 
public school masters at the 
Headmasters' Conference. Rogers 
has just been made chairman -elect 
of the Conference. 


Showman satirist Ned Sherrin is 
moaning that the GLC is doing 
less than nothing to publicize his 
musical Small Expectations, to be 
staged at the Queen Elizabeth Hall 
as part of die GLC abolition 
festivities this Easter. Sherrin, and 
co-author Alistair Beaton, fear the 
cold shoulder is down to the thin- 
lipped Women's Committee who 
last year condemned their Rate- 
payers’ lolanthe for sexism: in this 
Dickensian spoof Miss Havisham 
becomes Ms Havisham, the editor 
of Spare Thigh, who is incinerated 
on a sun bed. My bet is that their 
crime is to get too near the knuckle 
about Islington “where the books 
are from Virago and the tea is 
from Assam, where a sense of 
inspiration costs £60 agram." 

Signing off 

A BBC Northern Ireland TV crew 
spent Sunday filming Irish For- 
eign Minister Peter Barry in Cork, 
Brussels and Dublin. At the end of 
their assignment Barry showed bis 
appreciation with a memento for 
every member of the team, who 
were Orange to a man. He banded 
each an autographed copy of the 
Hillsborough agreement— m Irish. 

Stoop conquers 

A reader tells me that u Gorby 
Dahl" (Diary last week) is not the 
only American to make a name for 
himself over here. “I beard two 
old gentlemen discuss the film The 
French Lieutenant 's Homan," 
says Frank Adey. “and its star, the 
dazzling Muriel Stoop.' 1 


‘Perhaps they'll get a tobacco 

company to sponsor it' 


Social Democrat, die Alliance’s 
official organ, shows how Shirley 
Williams is not thinking SO big 
these days. In a back-page article 
by David Owen, the leader argues 
passionately for Scottish home 
rule, while inside Williams gives 
an account of the party’s research 
into regional economies. So re- 
gional docs she regard Scotland 
that she writes: “The report on 
Scotland . . . documents how that 
county (sic) has benefined . . 

Lost cause 

Here’s a good human-rights band- 
wagon for the GLC to leap on 
before it goes under a government 
which, according to an Amnesty 
International report, subjects 
opposition leaders to “intimida- 
tion and harassment" and trade 
unionists to repeated spells of 
detention, and foils to account for 
dozens of missing members of 
ethnic minorities . . . The funny 
thing is that when a Tory back- 
bencher. Edward Leigh, asked the 
GLC chairman, Tony Banks, to 
sign his early-day motion in 
protest and for Ken Livingstone's 
support, answer came there none. 
The government in question? The 
Nicaraguan regime in Managua 
(twin town: London). 

x Ho 


Less than 1 5 miles away from, this 
mountain hamlet in northern 
Nicaragua, behind the protection 
of the Honduran border, thou- 
sands of “contra" rebels contem- 
plate the possibility of extinction. 
They know that if President 
Reagan foils this week to persuade 
Congress to give them military 
assistance, their capacity to inflict 
damage on Nicaragua's left-wing 
Sandinisfo government will be 
reduced virtually to zero. 

For the peasant inhabitants of 
Platanares, the vote in Wash- 
ington means the difference be- 
tween peace and war. Fourteen 
months ago, the contras were 
rampant in this pan of the 
country, making regular hit-and- 
run raids across the border. On 
December 27. 1984, they attacked 
Platanares. killed eight co-op- 
erative workers and kidnapped 
(the contras would say ‘'rec- 
ruited") more than a dozen young 
men. In the next few days they 
killed first a team of 10 road- 
builders and then six telephone 
technicians heading for the nearby 
town of Limay, whose phones had 
been cut off for a year. 

The local inhabitants, shack- 
dwellers too preoccupied with 
subsisting to take sides in die 
fighting, lived in permanent fear 
of being caught in crossfire- 

in March last year the 70.000- 
strong Soviet-equipped Sandinista 
Popular Army, showing the fruits 
of Cuban training, began a deter- 
mined sweep.. By September all 
but a handful of the 1 5,000 contras 
had been pushed back into Hon- 
duras, where they are now 

In Platanares, the villagers to- 
day say they can’t remember the 
last time they heard a shot. A dirt 
road has recently been built into 
Limay; a new doctor has arrived 
in the town (now there are two); 16 
schools have been reopened, and 
it is possible, from the restored 
telephone centre, to speak to 

John Carlin visits northern Nicaragua: 
peace now but war never far away 

Will Congress 
bail out 
the contras? 

London. But it is too soon to say 
the war is over. Illiterate but 
undeceived, a middle-aged father 
of nine draws nods all around 
when he says: “The war’s not over 
because they are organizing it 
from outside." 

Diplomats in Managua have 
variously described the contras as 
“hillbillies", “a ragtag army and 
“a shambolic crowd". Their lead- 
ers, many of whom live in Miami, 
are often perceived as loutish and, 
at times, criminally incompetent 
The peasant boys who make up 
the bulk of the contra force have 
frequently been sent on what have 
amounted to suicide missions 
against grossly disproportionate 
odds, sometimes exposed to the 
Sandinistas' lethal Soviet-made 
helicopter gunships. 

Reagan’s analogy on Friday 
between the contras and a Britain 
needing US help against Nazi 
Germany led to dismay in Ma- 
nagua diplomatic circles where 
there is a growing perception of a 
yawning gap between US rhetoric 
and the reality. 

In an interview this week, a 
senior diplomat said Washington 
believes that Nicaragua's three 
million people are in a ferment, 
poised for revolt against the 
government in the manner of 

Haiti or the Philippines; acting on 
this supposition, US policy mak- 
ers believe that only a moderate 
contra presence inside Nica- 
ragua — which is all that the 
requested $100 million could 
realistically hope to achieve — will 
serve as a catalyst for the over- 
throw of the Sandinistas. 

But in Platanares, people see 
things differently. Some, certainly, 
are resentful, having been forcibly 
evicted by the Sandinista army 
last year from their smallholdings 
in contra areas. But above all, 
Nicaragua's quietly philosophical 
country people have always 
looked on their lot with apolitical. 
God-fearing resignation. 

In Managua, where a third of 
the country's three million people 
live, there is thought to be more 
discontent than in the country- 
side. But discontent is still a long 
way from active support for the 
contras who, having never pene- 
trated the capital, remain an alien 

Even Sandinista analysts, how- 
ever, accept that popular support 
for the government is probably 
lower now than it was in elections 
in November 1984, when Presi- 
dent Daniel Ortega won 67 per 
cent of the national vote. But, as 
an experienced European dip- 

lomat noted, the; Sandinisfos are 
losing support not -because they 
are “tyrannical" as Washington 
claims but .for the reasons that 
governments the world over lose 
support: because the country's 
economy is in a shambles, because 
wages are lagging .for behind 
infla tion of 250 per cc hl 
P eople grumble a great deal, 
but, save perhaps for the embit- 
tered minority middle class, they 
are not calling for Ortega’s head 
Furthermore, the government 
has mounted a persuasive cam- 
paign through the controlled press, 
to convince the people that with- 
out "Yankee imperialist agg- 
ression", Nicaragua's economic 
problems would not exist Cer- 
tainty, congressional approval of 
the 5100 million win ensure that 
economically the country will 
continue to suffer because of an 

increase in acts of sabotage and the 

need to sustain current defence 
spending, which is draining 40 per 
cent of the sparse national budget 
The theory that subsequent 
discontent would rebound against 
the Sandinistas may be correct. 
But there are no grounds for 
believing that the contras would 

simultaneously g ain political sup- 
port. In fact, the Sandinistas 
appear to be successfully fixing in 
the popular consciousness a cause 
and effect link between the contras 
and rising prices. 

In strictly military terms, pros- 
pects look bleak for the contras, 
even if President Reagan does get. 
the money through Congress on 
Thursday. Border hamlets Eke 
Platanares will suffer, but- nation-, 
ally die contras’ presence' wall 
scarcely be felt. . . 

The question now, long asked 
by the Sandinistas themselves and 
increasingly raised by - alarmed 
European and Latin American 
diplomats, is whether, once con- 
fronted with the failure of the 
contras, Reagan will be forced to 
follow the logic of his rhetoric and 
send in the marines. 

Bernard Levin: the way we live now 

Diogenes, asked why he had been 
begging for money from a statue, 
replied, “I* am practising dis- 
appointment". and it would not be 
surprising if the management of 
News International (R. Murdoch, 
prop.) felt much the same. For in 
the seven weeks that have elapsed 
since this newspaper and its sisters 
set sail and fetched up at their 
present address, there has been a 
revolution — the word is not at all 
too strong — in the entire national 
newspaper industry, directly 
attributable to that dash for 
freedom, and small thanks the 
beneficiaries of that revolution 
seem inclined to give. 

Well, if they will not give. I can 
take. Let me first remind you of 
the condition of Fleet Street as the 
ship, its lights dimmed and 
enginees muffled, with, nothing 
but the skull and crossbones 
fluttering from the mast to in- 
dicate who was aboard, pulled out 
from its moorings. Eddie Shah’s 
Today was a month from its first- 
issue: Mr Maxwell had done a deal 
which was said, though largely by 
Mr Maxwell himself to involve a 
reduction in his workforce of 
anything up to 2,000; the rest was 

The Telegraph was about to go 
bankrupt; the Express group was 
still quivering from the gasp of 
horror emitted by Mr David 
Stevens when he discovered the 
horrid truth about pigs and 
pokes^ssociated Newspapers (the 
Mail) had given up gasping as a 
waste of breath; the Guardian had 
no plans to do anything particular; 
the Observer gave no sign of 
changing course; the Financial 
Times, which a few years ago had 
been obliged to beat an ignomin- 
ious retreat in its attempt to bring 
its industrial relations into the 
19th century, or at least the 1 8th, 
showed no great enthusiasm for a 
second round. 

And now? Mr Conrad Black, 
despite suggestions that the cure 
might be worse than the disease, 
has bought the Telegraph; negotia- 
tions have been opened for an 
agreement that will mean, when 
the Telegraph moves to Us dock- 
land site, that the Spanish Prac- 
tices will be left behind, together 
with many a pair of hands not 
wanted on voyage. Whether Cae- 
sar Black and bis Rufio, Mr 
Andrew Knight, can work tilings 
out in time is another matter, but 
the language they are using is 
commendably free of euphemism. 

Next door, Mr Stevens has 
spoken even more bluntly; he says 
that if he doesn't halve his 
workforce, and soon, he will dose 
the papers down. Whether this is 
what is known as a Maxwell 
threat, or a real one, is not at 
present known. 

Mr Maxwell himself displaying 
all the calm of a jumping bean in a 
Force Nine gale, has been sacking 
bis workforce three times a day 
before meals and reinstating them 
no less frequently with the pud- 
ding. (it is useless for me to tell 
you whether, as I write, they are in 

Our liferaft 

but you’re all 

or out for even with the new 
technology this newspaper takes 
folly 20 minutes to print.) But 
however excitable his behaviour, 
his aim is dear; be needs more 
manning reductions than be has so 
for achieved, and plans to get them 
in Scotland. 

The Mail had been negotiating 
for some time; whatever it may 
say now, it would never have got 
anywhere. But what it says now is 
undoubtedly impressive; another 
massive reduction in manning. 
The Financial Times makes the 
same claim, adding a boast to the 
effect that it had been done by 
agreement rather than bead- 
punching; well there is a reason 
for that, which ] shall shortly 

The story of the Guardian is in 
some ways the most remarkable of 
all: it has been like those car 
advertisements that claim for the 
vehicle being promoted that it can 
go from immobility to a speed 
rather more than twice that of 
light in 3.5 seconds. The Guardian 
head man is not often publicly 
visible or audible at aQ. unlike the 
capo di tutti capi in these parts; but 
he suddenly arrived, slightly 
breathless, on the front page, with 
a demand for very substantial 
workforce reductions, couched in 
the most brutal terms so for 
recorded- Only the Observer shows 
no sign of any action, but that does 
not mean that no negotiations are 
taking place surreptitiously. 

Now 1 do assure you, on the 
honour of a capitalist lackey and 
hireling of reaction, that none of 

this would have happened if The 
Man from Wagga Wagga had not 
decided to call it a day overnight 
When he determined that he 
would simultaneously cut loose 
and his losses, he also let the Wind 
of Change out of Pandora’s Box to 
ensure that the Walls of Jericho 
would Meet their Waterloo. And 
that is precisely what has hap- 
pened, more or less. 

It has not to be sure, happened 
because of admiration for Mr 
Murdoch’s beaux yeux, there are 
very few romantic souls left in 
Beet Street It has happened 
because, if it had not News 
International's financial advan- 
tage would mean that the Guard- 
ian and Daily Telegraph, as direct 
rivals for the readership of The 
Times, and the other papers 
similarly competing for the fa- 
vours of the other three tides 
sheltering beneath Mr M's capa- 
cious wallaby-hide umbrella, 
would be quite unable to compete 
on level terms. 

Like everybody else, I have 
heard the rumours of a substantial 
cut in all or some of News 
International's cover prices and 
advertising rates; I have no idea 
whether the rumours are true, but 
it is obvious that any such move 
would strike deep into the heart of 
the opposition. And the rumours I 
have heard, the opposition has 
heard also. 

But that is not the real revolu- 
tion that the Wapping move has 
wrought, nor would it in itself be 
expected to generate gratitude 

among News International's - rS-' 
vals. . The /really astounding’ 
development is to be found in the 
way the print unions are now 
concluding agreements, some of 
which may even be kept fora time, 
on terms, especially as. regards 
workforce reductions, that would 
have been inconceivable as re- 
cently as last Christmas. One after 
another, the threatened newspaper 
groups have been able, with no 
weapon but a pair of binoculars 
for seeing the smoke pouring from 
the roaring chimneys of Chstle 
Wapping, to conclude agreements, 
or make substantial advances 
towards agreements, which with- 
out the binoculars would have led 
to an invitation to the manage- 
ment, on the part of the unions, to 
take their proffered agreements 
and stuff them up their shirt- 
fronts, as a precaution against the 
return of the recent very cold 

As a sign of a sudden access of 
sanity, this new. attitude is to be 
generally welcomed; indeed, I am 
quite sure it has been welcomed: 
But let no one doubt that .the 
lunacy would have continued if it ■ 
had not been for the sound of the 
dock striking eleven. If Dr John- 
son was right in dunking that the 
prospect of being hanged in , a . 
fortnight concentrates a man’s 
mind wonderfully, it must follow 
a fortiori that even greater 
concentration will result from the 
prospect , of being boiled to death 
very slowly- in a week. 

As I have always maintained, 
the man who makes a hole in the 
hedge gets scratched, but those 
who go through it after him feel no 
discomfort. It may be that, as 
Messrs Black, Stevens; Roiher- 
raere and the rest go through the 
hole; they experience a warm glow 
of gratitude to the man they can 
see disappearing towards the ho- 
rizon with brambles sticking out 
of him all over. If so, I condude 
that if they foil to express that 
gratitude, it can only be because of 


Pronunciation is a feature of 
English that permits even more 
variety than orthography, gram- 
mar, semantics, or vocabulary. 
We are diffident about criticizing 
other men's pronunciation these 
days. But we are confident that we, 
and those who pronounce as we 
do, are intelligible and eupho- 
nious. British upper middle-class 
Received Pronunciation, non-re- 
gional and transmitted through 
boarding schools and universities 
insulated from the localities where 
they are situated, has lost its 
unique prestige. It is still preferred 
for most British newsreaders, in 
the same way that the Midland 
American pronunciation known 
as Network English is preferred for 
newsreaders on the US radio and 
television networks. 

Some regional pronunciations 
have a lowly status, particularly 
those that diverge pronouncedly 
from the average: for example, 
thick Ulster, in which a lake 
means a hole in a kettle; and braid 
Glescaramo, in which "Amphora” 
is an expression of choice, as in, 
“Amphora giessna pint", which 

Say there 

Philip Howard: new words for old 

means. "If you twist my arm, 1 
shall accept a large whisky and a 
pint of heavy." 

We tend to feel threatened or 
cross when pronunciations 
change. Bui it happens, as it is 
bound to in a living language. You 
have only to read Shakespeare, or 
any old poet who used metre and 
rhyme, to be continually bumping 
into pronunciations that have 
changed since he wrote. 

“Niche" is a wort that seems to 
be changing its pronunciation. It is 
increasingly pronounced “neesb". 
Presumably this is a consequence 
of the school of pronouncing 
foreign-looking words in a foreign 
way to show that we too have bees 
to Alicante. This new pronunci- 
ation disregards the old limerick 
about the Abbess of Giichester, 
whose beauty made Saints in their 
niches stir. Bui then, the English 

have never been too sure about 
how to pronounce Chichester. 

Another word that is changing 
its sound is "consortium”. During 
the Westland party games, both 
the Prime Minister and Leon 
Brittan kept saying "consor- 
shum". At first I thought they 
were just having trouble with their 
teeth. Then I took it to be yet 
another result of the disastrous 
decline in the study of Latin in the 
United Kingdom. And then I 
remembered the customary way 
we pronounce "nasturtium", and 
shut up. 2 still think “con- 
sorsbum” is ugly. 

Another speaking tendency is 
for specialists, particularly sci- 
entists. to pronounce words in a 
different way from the rest of us, 
perhaps to show off that they^ are 
using the words in a specialized 
way, superior to that of the 

common . herd. Thus the. Ja- 
spedaEsts pronounce it cervical 
cancer. We profohe amateurs pro-. 
Bounce the science chemistry. 

The -initiates- pronounce 
fermentation systems with sta- 
bilized chemistry as keemostats, ' 
and. treatment of patients with 
chemical drugs as keemotberapy. 
Micro and setni-miao chemistry 
techniques ' ace popular; by the 
experts they are pronounced 
mickro and semi-mickro. Thank 
Asclepiiis that mfckroscope has 
not yet become fashionable, it 
will: it wiR Cycles have produced 
acklicaL Titration has spawned a 
mickro method that has minced 
its way into common usage as tire 
microtitre, ■ pronounced 
mkkroteeter, method. 

These specialist variations dis- 
play the closed shop of the 
pronouncer. But they take tire 
words further away from their 
etymological pronunciations, arid 
help further to confuse those who 
speak English as a second lan- 
guage, and even ourselves, native 
here, and to r the mannerisms of 
British pronunciation boro- . 

Digbv Anderson 

When vox is 

It's not Birmingham connciTs 
fault that it reminded me of tire 
day Monica " Sherrington ex- 
ploded I was all set to tell you 
about the council's plan to tackle 
disputes between neighbours. 
Apparently some. 8.200 of 
tenants annoy each other so much 
that the council feels obliged, to 
step in. Lyn Jones of tire bouswf 
committee says it is "an ongoing 

problem”. ’ ' ’ . ' 

A psychologist, Guy i Cumber- 
baich. of Aston Unive rsity, 
brought in to report on it; tuges 
tire sftti rc g up of "mediat io n 
(where dse but m "mediation 
centres"?) and the . framing . of ■ 
hmismg officers in “conflict 
management methods" 

London's Borough of Newham 
already has such a. "mediation 
centre" run by its "conflict and 
’change project” inwhich neigh- 
bours are encouraged to “bring 
out" animosities which are “in" : 
their minds. It's a wonder tihar we 
owner-occupiers, deprived of cen- 
tres and' sensitive bureaucrats, 
have managed to. - avoid civil 
war — “ongoing" civil war. 

Ofcourse we have, as do public- 
sector tenants, environmental nui- . 
sance laus - to protect us, and 
common , sense to work out how 
loudly we shouldn’t play Manon- 
Lescautaa. Saturday nigh ts. Obvi- 
ously something rather different 
from rither .is meant by “med- 
iation". . I suspect that however 
laudable tire researchers' and 
councils' intentions, the centres 
will attract their share of Bingists. 
Any counselling centre runs that 
risk. “Bingham?* you ask. That is 
where Monica comes in. . 

More mature readers win 
remember Bing, fr was a highly 
carbonated .drink - haying some, 
distant connection with oranges 
and lemons —there was red Bing 
and white Bing. Because it was so 
fizzy, tire bottles were fitted with a 
cap with, a metal release. If yon 
shook tire bottle vigorously and 
then undid the cap quickly, you 
could make a loud pop which 
children and grown-up drildren 
greatly enjoyed. - • 

Bingists believed that people are 
Eke Bing bottles. All shaken, 
seething and about to explode if 
pressure is not released by talking. 
People’s problems, whether they 
be about neighbours, tire in-laws 
or foiling the driving test, are not 
problems of neighbours, in-laws or 
foiling, the driving test at afl but 
problems of not talking about 
their “problems” of neighbours; 
in-laws or foiling tire driving test. 

: Barbara, a confirmed .fonpfl, 
complained regularly that Mon- 
ica’s problem (in act Monica’s 
husband Harold’s eccentric- 
mother wanting ftfbgme arid fiyej 
with them) was not the problem at 
all. The real- problem tins (hat 

not ready for tbatyet try “Bleat- 
ing about i; is hat going ip solve 
anytiiHigr or^Why are you idling 
r tbis2Itis surely a matter 
JbetWetayonandyour neighbour." 
The author isdirector of the Social 
Affairs Unit. - 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Two ofthe biggest worries on Mrs 
Thatcheris .menu at the . moment 
are the British car industry and the 
SeD afield nuclear processing planL 
She is beiriguxged on the one hand 
not to' seB tire British motor 
indnriry to tire: Americans, on the 
other hand to dose : down 
Sdlafidd, which is leaking and 

The government has taken these 
two problems very seriously . and 
has now come up. with a solution.' 
The solution, however, is very for 
from what, the pundits or the - 
pubtic expect, about as for as it is 
possible to go. - 

Our information. . is that the 
Tory government intends to dose 
down the British car industry and 
to Seilafield to tire Americans. 

The . reasoning behind this; is 
quite logical.' The -criticism of 
Seilafield, and indeed of all nu- 
clear plants, is that the, danger to 
life and Emb- involved, is. the 
paramount consideration. And, 
■indeed, every year a lew-people die 
and a few diseases are contracted 
which can tie-put down to nuclear 
energy.- - " 1- - 

. At the same .time nearly 6,000 
people die in accidents on the 
road. . . ■ 

What this means is that the 
motor industry is astronomically 
more dangerous- than the nuclear^ 
industry. Indeed, the motor in- 
dustry. is more, dangerous : than 
modem war; British deaths in the 
Esfldands during the war with 
Argentina were fewer than -deaths 
on British roads- during the same 

. Why, then, do people express 
such vivid fears about Seilafield 
arid never $eem to express any 
worries about the murderous ef- 
fects of cars on our roads? Why 
have’ they got their priorities in the 
wroiig order? 

Well, partly, it seems; because 
people are stupid*. but no govern-, 
roent of any political hue wquld 
ever dare to suggest that More 
importantly, because many people 
in this country, though not most, 
have a motorcar or at least work 
for a company that will let than 
haveone,<The actual number of 
people who /genuinely , own their 
own car is thought to be in the low 
hundreds:) In other words, a great 
many people fn the country are 
armed with a lethal weapon, arid' 
are not prepared to give it up._ 

. If a .great many people in this 
counbyall had their own personal 
nuclear power station, in the same 
way as they now have a car, than 
wbukf be no protest at all about 
tire risks of midear contamina- 
tion. If 6,000 people a year died . 
from nuclear energy leaks and 
spills, there wohldbe no fuss at an 
as there, is no fuss over- 6,000 

deaths on the roads, because we 
would all be proud little nuclear 
plant owners. 

: Unfortunately, modern, science 
still cannot make a nuclear plant 
small enough to fit in the back 
- garden. 

... So the Toy government has 
decided to opt for plan B: selling 
Seilafield to the Americans, or 
indeed anyone who will buy iL 
Seilafield is an old installation, 
well past its best and needing a lot 
doing to it Rather like the British 
water system, in fed, which is «ish 
leaky, and dangerous. It is said that 
25 per cent of the water that sets 
out never arrives at its destina- 
tion. Again, rather Eke the City of 
London, where 25 per cent ofthe 
money that sets out never arrives 
at its destination, or perhaps it is 
75 per cent 

At any rate, the new govern- 
ment policy is now that if some- 
tiling is leaky and potentially 
dangerous, it should be privatized 

.If it is very dangerous indeed 
and costing hundreds of lives, it 
should be closed down. And that is 
why I expect an announcement 
soon to the effect that the British 
car industry will be shut down to 
prevent further massacre. 

If there is no such announce- 
ment. it will only show that the 
Tory party has lost its nerve. WeU,- 
t fotget that the Tory party is 
Pa st its bed, leaky and 

What treatment this calls for has 
yw been decided. 

.f' ■ 

Monica hadn’t about it w 

or she wouldn’t talk about n. 
She “needed" flo-ttDc about il. 

- indeed she was ffl danger of 
"bottling it op" It was fermenting 
insidoher and if she went on Site . 
this "some day it win all come out 
and be very messy - If 
could let n out gently,, talk a- 
through and share it then « would . 

be as good as solved. _ _ 

' This was despite the foci that ■ 
Monica had told os all about 
Harold's mother long agft Talk- 
ing, fcr Bingists Eke Barbara, is 
not a su mmar y of the essential 
feels but a long-range imaginative 
haul: “If only she could sit down 
(Pve never understood if the 
solution works if the parties are 
upright) and talk it over." 

One day Monica — I suspect to 
please Barbara— wort pop . and 
Ret it ouT. Actually there was 
only a faint hiss and it ’did no good 
at all except needlessly to embar- 
rass Monica and boreoveiybody 
except Barbara. Nobody learned 
any thing new. The relation ofthe 
problem changed . nothing. Bar- 
bara should consult her Witt- 
genstein; who said of philosophy 
that it “leaves everything as it isr. 

Rfn gjs m goes beyond the com- 
mon-sense idea that talkjng about 
a problem can be informing or 
comforting. Nor should it be 
confused with giving advice. I saw 
Monica leuing it onl and Barbara 
offered no advice:' She sat there 
with her mouth half open, gazing 
at Monica in a persistent scat of 
way with a simpering smile. Most 
of the time she nodded but every 
now and then she pursed her lips 
and said “Yees” for. no.' obvious 
reason, or “Mxnmh, Momca". 

No, Bingists be&ved that the 
cultic act of describing a problem 
to another human being makes it 
di s ap pear. Sometimes ‘their talk 
contains the. occasional flugg« of 
information but .often il is pure 
“interpersonal Vrfatkms". I am : 
told, of two Bingist . university 
lectnreis who pride themsdves on 
devel op i ng ^confctit-free" ffesid- 
entialcQVtses. . - . 

Bingists -are well entrenched 
with thrirseductive offer “Surely 
it might brfp4D fryand talk about 
i^frideedsosrietimesitdpes. But 
sometimes it doesn’t We need to 
balance the blandishments of the 
Bingists by rehearsing, perhaps to. 
begin with done in front of a 
mirror, some . nearly forgotten 
phrases from the Fifties. 

Start with “It's ndt my business. 
You'll have to sort it out" Or "Pull 
ihex". Or, if you are 


Budget Special: the 
• Chancellor's timetable 

8 i^i- C S an ? e * ior with an 

odd feelmg that he has fo do 
something important this after* 
noon - f Reads morning pa- 
persrall have last-minute advice 
»r him on the Budget The £ 
Budjit! Of course! 10 am: Takes 
morning papers into his study and 
“are planning Budget 11 am: 
Starts wrnmg speech, lZ30pm: 

iSS" rewnting. 2 pm: Fm- 
spredi and. rushes off to the 
3 pn,: . Starts -speech with 
rffiSF * y of Britain, today, then 

ofthe «ori<L 4 pm 

tioSeff? 8 -, and hasn't men- 
wmed a single measure. Radio £ 

JvyS going -mad. £ 

Me .n“°ns a few. mea- 
SSJE ats down - Shadow 
SSgfcf 1 * “R and condemns 
SSgS^ypeech on all counts. 

J or 1101 containing 
jrongh jokes. Rest of evening: 

Srin?i ^!F eated otf afl chririndl 






i * 


1 Pennington Street London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 


The French election result 
confirms, once again, the skill 
of President Francois 
^Mitterrand as a political tac- 
^'tidan. It has long been appar- 
ent that he could not hope to 
get his Socialist government 
re-elected. He set out instead 
to preserve a political role for 
himself as president in the 
short term, while preserving 
the credentials of the Sodalists 
as a governing party for the 
longer term. From both points 
of view the election result is 
better than he could have 
dared hope. 

The incoming conservative 
coalition will have an overall 
majority only by dint of 
; counting in a dozen or more 
^-“independent” members of 
the Assembly, who are loosely 
on the right without bdng paid 
up members of either of the 
conservative parties. This 
clearly leaves M Mitterrand 
with the maximum room for 
manoeuvre and the minimum 
danger of being faced with an 
ultimatum requiring him to 
resign or to accept every whim 
of the new conservative min- 

He may have hoped the 
conservatives would not get an 
overall majority at all. But 
such a result would have left 
fe’-him open to the charge of 
using proportional representa- 
tion to make the extreme-right 
National Front the arbiter of 
France's destinies. As it is he 
gets most of the benefits of 
trammelled conservatism. The 
National Front's demagogic 
exploitation of popular in- 
security and hostility to im- 
migrants has regrettably won it 
the support of nearly ten per 
cent of the French electorate. It 
is surely better to involve it in 
parliamentary politics rather 
than give it an excuse to whip 
up anti-parliamentary vi- 

If the vote for the conser- 
f vative parties is good mainly 
‘ for M Mitterrand himself, the 
vote for the Socialists and their 
erstwhile allies on the left is 
j good for France. The Socialist 

Party has won 31.8 per cent of 
the votes in what can be 
reasonably considered a bad 
year. The Communists, who 
might have been thought well 
placed to pick up support from 
left-wing voters disillusioned 
with the Socialists' perfor- 
mance in office, were in fact 
pushed down below ten per 
cent (the party's worst figure 
since 1932). This reversal of 
roles is welcome. The French 
body politic has come of age. 

Although the Socialists have 
not quite yet demonstrated 
that they can win an election 
without Communist support 
(in 1981 they benefitted from 
the withdrawal of Communist 
candidates on the second bal- 
lot), they must now be consid- 
ered well placed to do so at the 
next swing of the pendulum. 

The danger that, like the 
Labour Party after 1979, the 
Socialists would react to defeat 
by splitting and/or by swinging 
back to the left, has surely been 
averted. In spite of retreating, 
like the Wilson and Callaghan 
governments of the 1970s, 
from radical rhetoric to sober 
and painful realism under the 
pressure of experience in gov- 
ernment the Socialists can 
now go into opposition with 
their heads held high. 

With their man still in the 
Elysee and their opponents 
forced to govern on a par- 
liament ary tightrope, the more 
optimistic of them may 
evenreckon themselves placed 
to reconquer power even 
within the next two years. 

Unless, however, the conser- 
vative leaders make a 
spectacular mess of things the 
electorate is more likely to 
confirm than to reverse its 
verdict if the new Assembly is 
dissolved early. 

Any claim by the President 
that France is ungovernable 
would rebound against him, 
since he was the one who 
insisted on introducing 
proportional representation. 
And if the next election is, as it 
should normally be, a 
presidential one, the Socialist 

candidate — whether M 
Mitterrand again or another — 
would have either to promise 
to dissolve the Assembly as 
soon as he is elected, or to 
present the “cohabitation” of 
right-wing government and 
left-wing president as some- 
thing positive and worth 
continuing. The former line 
would be difficult to sell to the 
country. The latter would 
hardly arouse the campaigning 
enthusiasm of the party. 

In the short term M 
Mitterrand and the political 
commentators can expect to 
enjoy themselves. But France 
may not be grateful for being 
governed by leaders who will 
have to proceed one step at a 
time, their glance darting fur- 
tively hither and thither for- 
ward to the rapidly 
approaching horizon of the 
presidential election due at 
latest in two years time, side- 
ways at each other's am- 
bitions, over their shoulder at 
M Raymond Barre watching 
sardonically from the side 
lines, and downwards at the 
banana skins which will no 
doubt be lobbed at their feet 
from the Elysee. 

During this period France's 
allies and partners will have to 
show a certain patience. They 
will hope at least that M 
Chirac, as majority leader and 
in ail probability as prime 
minister, does not feel obliged 
to assert himself by reverting 
to an intransigent^ nationalis- 
tic stance, particularly in the 
context of the European 

It is, happily, too late for 
him to reopen the issue of 
Spanish membership. But he 
could all too easily dig in his 
heels in discussions on the 
reform of the Common Agri- 
cultural Policy, or on measures 
needed to bring about a fully- 
integrated market for goods, 
services and capital by 1992. It 
may now be unrealistic to 
hope for any major movement 
in this direction during the 
second half of the year when 
the British take the presidency ; 
of the Community. 


It seems that a temporary 
peace has broken out between 
British Airways chairman. 
Lord King, and the govern- 
ment that is still denying him 
the firm date for privatisation 
that he seeks. At the weekend 
there were reports of bitter 
. recriminations between Mrs 
i .Thatcher and the man who 
was once dubbed “her 
favourite businessman”. It is 
to be hoped that yesterday 's 
news suggests that for British 
Airways politeness is now the 
better part of valour and that 
for the Prime Minister a 
change of mind may be forth- 

Last week's excuse for 
postponing the privatization 
of British Airways has much in 
common with the one just 
over a year ago: for Laker, now 
read US regulatory officials. 
As in November, 1984, the 
government and its advisers 
cannot agree how much of a 
financial health warning to 
write into the sale prospectus. 

Over the Laker Airways 
billion dollar suit, sub- 
sequently settled for $ 69-mil- 
lion, the question was the real 
extent of the flag carrier’s 
potential liability. This time 
around, Mr Ridley and the 
Transport Department have 
decided that the regulatory 
uncertainties of the North 
Atlantic air routes pose a 
business threat which they 
cannot properly quantify for 
investors’ purposes. They are 
therefore proposing to shelve 
BA's privatization until all the 
issues are crystal clear for 
lawyers and investors alike. 

This looks like a remarkable 
failure of political nerve. The 
difficulties thrown up by the 
current Anglo-American nego- 
tiations over North Atlantic 
ai r services are not to be lightly 

Keeping out the cold 

From Mr R. J. Kenyon 
Sir,! read with great interest Mrs 
j* Atsuko Sakiyama's letter in 
^today's Times (March 6). 

The kotaisu which die discusses is, 
essentially, that indispensable 
piece of Spanish furniture the 
mesa Camilla. As 1 remember, that 
excellent writer, the Academician 
Mr Camilo Jose Ola, regarded it 
almost as the centre of Spain’s 
traditional domestic life. 

Yours faithfully. 

Seychelles Farm. 

. Abbotskerswell. 

Near Newton Abbot 
South Devon. 

Victims of justice 

From Mr Robert Harris . 
Sir There is a dispiriting omission 
in ‘ the recent criminal justice 

dismissed. They concern the 
application of US anti-trust 
legislation, a notoriously com- 
plex area of international law; 
they revolve around a bilateral 
treaty, the so-called Bermuda 
Two agreement, which was 
signed in June, 1 977, only after 
both sides had moved to the 
brink of a public row which 
might have caused the tem- 
porary suspension of UK and 
US tr ansatlan tic flights. The 
possibility exists in theory that ' 
the same could happen again 
this July, when crucial aspects 
of the treaty will expire unless 
they can be successfully 
renegotiated. But periodic cri- 
ses of this kind are die very 
essence of the international 
airline industry and the 
present talks have been 
simmering in the background 
since as early as 1984. When 
thisafifeir is settled, no doubt 
other vexed problems will 
arise in its place. 

Until now, efforts to pri- 
vatize BA have drawn upon a 
fierce political resolve that the 
complexity of the airline in- 
dustry should not be allowed 
to stand in the way of the flag 
carrier's sale. Indeed, anxiety 
over the present talks can 
hardly compare, for example, 
with the prospect of US Fed- 
eral prosecution on criminal 
charges, which loomed over 
BA for most of 1984. Mrs 
Thatcher on that occasion 
personally interceded with 
President Reagan to bait the 
Federal proceedings and have 
a US Grand Jury dismissed. 
Other dramatic interventions 
by the Prime Minister, by Lord 
King, the BA Chairman, and 
by Mr Ridley himself have 
underlined the same 
determination. To turn back 
now is to present an incon- 
gruou s sequel to Mrs 

White Paper. The Government, 
while rightly seeking to give 
succour to innocent victims of 
crime, steadfastly refuses to accept 
any obligation to the equally 
innocent victims of the criminal 
justice system. 

Every year there are remanded 
in custody some 2.000 people who 
will be acquitted of the charges 
against them, often after many 
months in appalling prison con- 
ditions and with consequences for 
them which can only be imagined. 
None of them will receive a penny 

When the issue is raised, one is 
told formally of the various steps 
being taken to reduce waiting 
times - though waiting times 
must be halved before they return 
to the levels of the early 1970s. 
Less formally, murmurs are heard 
about the known naivete of many 

Thatcher’s weekend chastise- 
ment of the faint-hearted in 
Tory ranks. 

Mr Ridley's personal 
commitment to the privatiza- 
tion policy is not in doubt and 
he has done much to bring BA 
to the point where a sale is now 
possible. But he has presented 
this latest postponement as a 
reluctant acknowledgement of 
commercial realities - and on 
this basis, the airline's offer to 
explore what is a radically 
alternative approach to the 
private sector surely deserves a 
fair hearing. 

It is now claimed that there 
was never any question of a 
management buy-out But 
placing a majority of die shares 
with staff and with pro- 
fessional international inves- 
tors, if it could be achieved, 
might satisfy the government’s 
political and financial objec- 
tives whilst avoiding the risks 
of a clash with the Bermuda 
Two talks. Support from the 
City over the next few weeks 
would not amount to a repudi- 
ation of Mr Ridley's judge- 
ment about the risks of a -July 
sale; BA's buy-out plan would 
be, after all, a different 
commercial proposition al- 
together. The purposes of 
privatisation are many and 
various — to widen share- 
ownership, to improve 
management efficiency, to re- 
duce the reach of the public 
sector, to raise revenue for the 
Exchequer, and to ensure that 
an enterprise, once removed 
from public ownership, should 
not easily revert to its former 

Not all of these objectives 
can be fully achieved in every i 
case. But the general argument j 
for sending BA to market is as ! 
powerful as ever. i 

In fact, not a few acquittals are 
on the direction of the judge or on 
the prosecution’s decision to offer 
no evidence. Sometimes the pub- 
lic interest will and must override 
the right to liberty of the individ- 
ual. and occasionally errors will be 
made. When they are. we. as the 
beneficiaries of those errors, 
should be ungrudging in our 
willingness to pay generous 
compensation to their victims. 

The forthcoming Criminal Jus- 
tice Bill should institute a 
compensation board for this pur- 
pose. Until we make such a 
provision we shall be continuing 
to perpetrate an injustice for 
which future generations will look 
back on us with incredulity and 

Youre faithfully, 


University of Leicester, 

School of Social Work. 

107 Princess Road East Leicester. 

Right to work and public purse 

From Mr Hugh Upton of duties simply because rights 

Sir. Roger Sermon should not 
suppose (March II) that in his 
terms, augmenting the store of 
rights decreases the fend of duties. 
The claim rights that concern him 
are characterized precisely by their 
relation to duties. 

If I were to promise him 


Dr Scruton's further worry con- 
cerns where the duties fall; “No 
duties are imposed on the man 
whose 'right to work' is to be 
inflicted on the public purse”. 
This is just a confusion. Every- 
body will have this right to work, 
and. while employed, will have a 

something, he would thus acquire- duty to finance the right through 
a right and I would be bound by a taxation. 

duty. The existence of the right 
actually ensures that a duty exists 
also. The first is vacuous without 
the second 

This happy marriage does not 
break up in more controversial 
cases. If people have a right to 
work, in the sense of a right to 
have work provided, then indeed 
someone will have a duty to 
provide it There is therefore no 
need to worry about running short 

We can argue whether this is 
morally required or morally un- 
acceptable. but we should not 
suppose that those who have the 
right and those who contribute to 
the public purse are entirely 
different groups. 

Yours faithfully, 


University College London, 
Department of Philosophy, 

Gower Street, WC 1 ." 

March 11. 

Cash limits on ‘social fund’ 

From the Director of Social 
Sen-ices. Newcastle upon Tyne 
Sir. At a time when Mr Fowler's 
review of the social security 
provisions is being debated 
through various stages in the 
House of Commons, I would like 
to make comments on one of its 
most worrying features. 

Mr Fowler quite properly sets 
out to simplify the range of 
complicated benefits which cause 
such anxiety and misunderstand- 
ing to many claimants, and he also 
tries to direct the funds available 
to the people who need them 
most. One of the mechanisms by 
which he proposes to do this is the 
introduction of a “social fend", to 
be administered by local offices. 

It is understood that the fend 
will be cash-limited, and in many 
circumstances loans will be made 
to the recipients rather than 
grants. There is no provision for 
people who fail to receive help, or 
who do not receive appropriate 
help, to appeal to any independent 
group for reconsideration. 

The whole concept of such a 
fend undermines established prin- 
ciples accepted since the time of 
William Beveridge. Granting local 
discretion could lead to substan- 

Damage to tourism 

From the Director General qf the 
British Tourist Authority 
Sir, Mr Conal Gregory, MP, 
referring to American tourism in 
■Britain (March 10), writes: "The 
British Tourist Authority needs to 
immediately promote Britain as a 
safe and attractive 'venue to 
overseas visitors”. 

! can assure Mr Gregory — and 
your readers — that BTA, in co- 
operation with British and Ameri- 
can trade colleagues, has never 
ceased its vigorous and successful 
marketing campaign in the US. 
This has included, in recent 
months, widespread public rela- 
tions activities emphasising all the 
positive aspects of visiting Britain, 
including welcome and safety. 

For example, last weekend, in 
collaboration with British Air- 
ways, British Caledonian, 
Trusthouse Forte. American Ex- 
press and other sponsors, BTA 
organised a visit to London by 30 
leading American travel 
agents. While here, this important 
group met British hoteliers and 

Off-course betting 

From the Chairman of the na- 
tional Council on Gambling 
Sir, Marcel Berlins’ article (March 
7) on the new betting shop 
summarises the situation very 
welL However, there is an im- 
portant factual error. 

Although it was originally so, 
the levy on betting is not now 
based on bookmakers’ profits, as 
Mr Berlins states, but on turnover 
- i.e.. the amount of money 
staked. As the Royal Commission 
on Gambling (1978) pointed out, 
since 1974 the levy has become 
“payment by punters charged 
upon stakes and collected by 
bookmakers in the form of an 
additional payment with the stake 
money or a deduction from 

This is more than a semantic 
point. As with the levy, so in 
relation to the additional facilities 
that will now be available in 
betting shops, the bookmaker is 
not providing them out of his own 
pocket. One way or another, the 
punter will continue to pay for 
them. It is vital that there should 
be adequate safeguards to ensure 
that the punter is not exploited 
and incited io gamble excessively. 
Yours faithfully, 

E. MORAN. Chairman, 

The National Council on Gam- 

26 Beford Square, WC1. 

March 7. 

Satanic drills 

From Mr M. C. Whear 
Sir, I don’t know why you 
published Mr John Bratby's emo- 
tional letter today (March 12). He 
must be pulling our legs. 

A beauty spot is cosmetic. It 
won't generate jobs, keep old 
people warm, pay for the health 
service or educate our children. 
Oil does all this. And it supports 
the technology that enabled Mr 
Bratby's letter to be delivered and 

These, if anything, are what 
people fought for — the future not 
the past 
Yours faithfully. 


The Old Chapel. 

The Green, 



March 12. 

rial variations in the way in which 
the needs of applicants would be 
determined, and it is contrary to 
principles of fairness that claim- 
ants will not be able to appeal 
against decisions. People who fed 
that they have not been properly 
understood will have no recourse 
to normal justice. 

Even more worrying is the 
proposal that much of this aid will 
be supplied by way of loans. The 
soda! security system is designed 
to help people in the lowest 
incomes in our society through 
desperate short-term or long-term 
crises. If loans are made in these 
circumstances, individuals and 
families will be faced with repay- 
ments over fixed periods of time, 
thus again reducing their income 

Surely it cannot be the intention 
behind this review that the poorest 
people in our society will be made 
yet poorer. 

Yours faithfully, 


Director of Social Services,City of 
Newcastle upon Tyne, 

Civic Centre, 

Newcastle upon Tyne. 

March 7. 

tour operators, visited leading 
stores, restaurants and theatres, 
saw the new Terminal 4 facilities 
at Heathrow and toured the 
Oxfordshire countryside: 

In other words, they re- 
acquainted themselves: with the 
attractions that brought the record 
number of over three million 
American visitors to Britain last 
year, spending over £1,600 mil- 
lion. A U the Americans were 
impressed with their visit. 

In America, too. we have been 
actively involved for many 
months in reassurance. Through 
the European Travel Commission 
we have participated in over 100 
radio and television interviews 
throughout the United Stales. Our 
18-city “roadshow”, which is cur- 
rently travelling roast to roast, 
will talk to thousands of travel 
agents and will emphasise strongly 
Britain's welcome and appeal 
Yours faithfully, 


Director General 
British Tourist Authority, 
24Grosvenor Gardens, SWL. 
March 11. 

That fishing party 

From Mrs Jane Parsons 
Sir, As just a plain and ample 
television viewer, I would like to 
reassure Mr Guy Cheyney (March 
II) that at least two people, my 
husband and myself assumed that 
he and his three friends had been 
set up by the makers of the 
programme. The Fishing Party. 

What made the film so im- 
mensely enjoyable, so deliciously 
infuriating, was the sure knowl- 
edge that numerous lesser mortals, 
who in days gone by would have 
touched their forelocks to the 
members of the party, would have 
spotted the intentions of the 
production team well before the 
cameras started to roll. 

As if the fun of the programme 
was not enough. Mr Cheyney 
added even more enjoyment to 
our daily lives by his vain attempt 
to blame the Press. 

If 1 was in his shoes, I would be 
tempted to adopt a stray moggy, 
help old ladies across the road and 
keep my head down. To appear 
daft in from of millions is excus- 
able once in' a lifetime. To 
intentionally go for a second . . . 
Yours faithfully, 



Long Crendon Road. 



March n. 

Paying for gas 

From Mr T. H. Cloud 
Sir, Mr Jones (March 6) was lucky. 
In addition our gas board insisted 
the contract for replacing oil 
burner with gas should be through 
them: then unjustifiably increased 
my credit card agreement and 
charged my Access account before 
the equipment was even ordered. 

Some two months later the 
contractor was paid before the 
work was completed or checked. 
Then, to cap it all lam now billed 
with a standing charge from a date 
when no gas equipment was in the 

Yours sincerely, 



53 Kenwood Drive, 


March 7. 

Audit’s role on 
rebel councils 

From the Controller of the Audit 
Commission for Local Authorities 
in England mid Wales 
Sir, Your leader (“Councillors and 
the law”, March 6) in the' after- 
math of the High Court's de- 
cisions oh; * the. appeals by 
councillors in Liverpool and Lam- 
beth betrayed some confusion 
about the nature of the relation- 
ship between government, the 
Audit Commission and the dis- 
trict auditors that the commission 
appoints. In view of .public in- 
terest in these cases, I am writing 
to clarify the situation. * 

The Local Government Finance 
Act of 1982 requires auditors of 
local authorities to satisfy them- 
selves that -in addition to acting 
lawfully, councils are making 
proper arrangements to secure 
economy, efficiency and effective- 
ness in their use of resources. The 
Act places these duties on auditors 
personally; and it requires audi- 
tors carry out their duties 
independently. . 

The commission more; 
influence over their decisions than 
the Lord Chancellor’s department 
would have over the dedsionsof a 
judge in a particular case, or a 
police committee over the actions 
of a police officer. And it would be 
quite improper for pressure to be 
brought on the auditor from any 
quarter, including the commis- 

It will therefore be the individ- 
ual auditors — and not the 
commission — who will have to 
decide whether to seek, on behalf 
of the local communities, to 
recover any losses that were 
incurred in other authorities be- 
sides Lambeth and Liverpool as a 
reuslt of delays in making rates 
last year. 

In light of die recent judgement, 
they will need to decide whether 
the losses were inclined as a result 
of“wilfeI misconduct” — Lc., as a 
result of a deliberate failure by 
councillors to cany out their legal 

If the auditors determine that 
losses were indeed incurred as a 
result of wilful misconduct, the 
law as it now stands requires that 
they seek to recover the money 
lost from the councillors who were 
responsible. Auditors will have no 
discretion in the matter. If how- 
ever, the auditors (and ultimately 
the courts) determine that the 
council's losses were not caused by 
wilful misconduct the question of 
recovery would not arise. - 

- In short, as the' law requires, 
these difficult questions will be 
decided by auditors free of any 
outside interference — and with- 
out regard to the views of min- 
isters, the Audit Commission or 
its officers on the issues involved. 
Yours faithfully, 


The Audit Commission for Local 
Authorities in England and Wales, - 
1 Vincent Square, SW1. 

Cost of gardening 

From Mr W. E. Roscher 
Sir, Since many pensioners take to 
some form of gardening for plea- 
sure or produce, here are some 
figures from my own records 
which might be of interest I have 
listed only one plant — the tomato, 
which is grown almost everywhere 
— though other seeds show com- 
parable rises too' tedious to enu- 
merate; the brands of seed and 
rake were identical. 

-1975 1986 Increase 

Packet of 

tomato seed 28p £1.17 317.8% 

1975 1985 

Garden rake £2.75 £24 794% 

1972 1986 

Greenhouse ■ 

heater £14 £42 . 200% 


aluminium ■ 

greenhouse £75 £475 . 533% 

I “retired” in 1975, having also 
paid the Class- IV contribution, for 
which I get nothing. My DHSS 
pension, which. became payable 
on April 9, 1981. was £26.33 a 
week. It is now £37.16 a week —an 
increase of 41.17 per cent Need 
one say more? 

Youns sincerdv, 



Reigate Heath, Surrey. 


From Mr Martin Best 
Sir, The answer is simple: buy the 
book, remove the jacket and put it 
in a safe place reserved for such a 
purpose, read the book and then 
replace the jacket 

When observed as a normal 
discipline by the average reading 
family, the investment potential . 
is, well, at least potential * 

Yours etc 

Clenston. Manor,' 

Winterbome Clenston, 

Blandferd Forum, Dorset 

From Mrs S. Loudon . 

Sir, I remove the dust jacket and 
write ihe name of the person 
borrowing the bo 6k inside, or 
better still get them to sign their 
name, absolute -proof of their 
borrowing the book. 

Yours faithfully, 


13 Orchard Toll, 

Rav&ston, Edinburgh. 

From Mrs J. M. Houghton 
Sir, Perhaps Dr Hickman would 
do well to take the advice of the 
Earl of Chesterfield: “Due atten- 
tion to the inside of books, and 
due contempt for the outside, is 
the proper relation between a man 
of sense and his books". 

Yours faithfully. - - 


21a Marsh Street, 

Warminster, Wiltshire. 

.MARCH 18 18G1 

It is surprising that this to# 
informadoe letter did not eucd 
further correspondence on the 
subject. The rather flwpmd 
headline suggests that The Tunes 
um not wholly tn sympathy uiUh 
the views ofJ.O. Dr Keate uustke 
redoubtable headmaster of Eton, 
who in June , 1832 flogged more 
than 80 boys form attempted 




Sir, -I received a few days ago 
from a neighbouring tra desma n a 
parcel wrapped in some leaves of a 

Parliamentary paper. I was so 
much struck by their contents that 
I procured the entire .document 
from which they had "been tom, 
and I hope you will allow me to call 
the attention of the Legislature to 
the painful facts which it discloees. 

The paper to which I allude waa 
moved for last session by _ Mr- 
Stanley. is “a return of the 
amount of corporal punishment 
which hflB. during the last three 
years heen inflicted in the various 
gaols and Houses of Correction in 
the United Kingdom by orderof 
the Visiting Justices, specifying 
the offence for which such punish- 
ment has been given, the number 
of lashes, and how delivered; if in 
public or private; and the age of the 
persons punished-". . . 

It Would seem from the return 
which is before me that we deal 
very capriciously with our civil 
culprits, an< i that the amount and 
nature of punishment awarded for 
the same crime varies altogether 
with the geographical position of 
the place where it is committed. In 
Cumberland, in Hi mtiugdonshire, 
in Monmouthshire, in Rutland- 
shire, in Anglesey, in Brecon, in 
fnirlj-garmhir p in Carmarthen- 
shire, in Carnarvonshire, in 
Flintshire, in Glamorganshire, in 
Merionethshire^ in Montgomery- 
shire, in Pembrokeshire, and in 
Radnorshire they do not flog 
criminals at all; in Cambridgeshire 
and in' Herefordshire they have 
only flogged one in each county 
during the last three years. In 
Cheshire, in Devonshire, and in 
Middlesex they flog them a good 
deal in Northumberland and in 
Staffordshire they flog them a good 
deal more; and in Lancashire they 
flog them enormously. 

The amount of lashes awarded to 
crimes of the same nature seems to 
vary as much 86 the number of 
individual floggings. Petty larceny, 
a crime which in. Cheshire secures 
for a mere child 72 lashes with a cat 
-administered in two doaes— is in 
another .county easily expiated in 
the case of a strong man of. 25 by 
the reception of 18 cols with a 

But what I most especially wish 
to call the attention of the Legisla- 
ture to is the shocking amount of 
punishment which the -Visiting 
Justices and the Assizes and 
Sessions award to the young 
children of the poor. The children 
of the rich, as I have said, never 
received more than 12 or 16 cuts in 
Dr. Keate 'b palmiest days. Here is 
what we administered in 1857-8-9 
to the children of the poor. Sixty- 
seven criminals of 12 years of age, 
41 of 11, 34 of 10, 12 of nine, three 
of eight, and one of seoen. appear 
in the lists before as having -been 
thus punished,— some with the 
birch, and others— I shudder while 
I write it— with the “cat." In . 
Chester gaol a child of eight is 
stated to have received 24 lashes 
for “repeated misconduct;" « child 
of nine, to have received the same 
for “house-breaking;" and at Bod- 
min a boy of 12 got two separate 
flog gi n gs of 36 lashes each for 
“horse-stealing. At Hertford a boy 
of 10 received 36 lashes for stealing 
a piece of heel while a man of 29 
only received the same punishment 
for stealing 29 fowls. Two children, 
of nine yearn old, received 15 lashes 
each at Faversham— one for steal- 
ing a cocoanut, value 3<L; the other . 
for stealing a half-pound weight, 
value l&i while a man of 36, at 
Maidstone, received but 18 for 
running away and deserting his 
wife and family! 

At Salford, in Lancashire, a boy 
of 12 received 48 lashes for “most 
artfully and wantonly destroying 
the books in his cell;" a boy of 11 
got % lashes for shouting in his 
cell; and a boy ' of ten 48 lashes for 
putting the cotton given to him to 
pick into his cell pot . . . 

The well fad children of the rich, 
when they come to be stripped for 
punishment, are at eight, nine, or 
ten years of age but fiafl, delicate - 
skinned, little creatures, very ill- 
fitted to bear even a dozen cuts of 
the cane or the birch; the underfed 
children of the poor are frailer and 
punier still, and. I appeal'to every 
member of the House of Commons 
who has young children of his own 
to put a stop to these wanton and 
unnecessary cruelties. If two-thirds 
of the counties of.England, and if 
all Wales, can their young 
offenders without the birch and the 
“cat" why should the other third 
be permitted thus to disEracp 
itself? '**G**x 

I am. Sir, yoor obedient ser- 

' - ■ J.O. 

Meaningful terms 

From Mrs Ruth Parsons 

» Tl JS ’“SBpi *ho grew up in 
Burforf, Oxfordshire, was de- 
lighted with a notice which an- 

m a cottage window 
about 1897: . 

Gentlemen's Habiliments R en 

^ttS. Manipu1 ^ 

luongatedand^bl^fal^L ^ 80 * 

Yours faithfully, 


Radford Lodge, 



March 8. 

is a 
It i 




a » 















.ii* oi iiii---- ■ r 








March 17; The Right Hon 
Nigel Lawson, MP, (Chancel- 
lor of the Exchequer) had an 
audience of The Queen this 

The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips, this morning 
opened and toured the Busi- 
ness Travel 86 Exhibition and 
Conference at the Barbican 
Centre, London, where Her 
Royal Highness was received 
by the Chairman of City Press 
Limited (Mr Termiszocles 

Vokos) and the Right Hon the 
ir .Alla 

Lord Mayor (Sir .Allan Davis). 

The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips. Pa iron of the 
Butler Trust, later presented 
the first awards of the Prison 
Service Annua) Award 
Scheme at Lambeth Palace. 
London, SE1. 

Her Royal Highness was 
received on arrival by the 
Chairman of the Butler Trust 
(Sir Richard Butler) and the 
Bishop of Lambeth (the Right 
Reverend RonaJd Gordon). 

Lieu tenant -Colonel Peter 
Gibbs was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Honorary Air 
Commodore. Royal Air Force 
Lyneham. this evening attend- 
ed a Guest Night at the 
Officers Mess. Royal Air 

Force Lyneham, Wiltshire, 
where Her Royal Highness 
was received by the Station 
Commander (Group Captain 
David Edwards). 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourke 
was in attendance. 
March 17: Queen Elizabeth 
The Queen Mother this morn- 
ing presented Shamrock to the 
Irish Guards at Chelsea Bar- 
racks on the occasion of the St 
Patrick's Day Parade. 

Lady Angela Oswald, Major 
Sir Ralph Anstruther. Bt, and 
Captain James Lowther-Pin- 
kenon were in attendance. 

Her Majesty, Colonel-in- 
Chief. The King's Regiment, 
was present this evening at a 
Reception given by the Offi- 
cers of the 1st Battalion in the 
Officers's Mess of The 
Queen's Guard. St James's 

Lady Angela Oswald and Sir 
Alastair Aird were in atten- 

March 17: The Princess of 
Wales this morning visited the 
Raeden Centre, Midstocket 
Road. Aberdeen. 

Her Royal Highness, at- 
tended by Viscountess 
Campden and Lieutenam- 
Commander Richard Ayiard, 
RN. returned to London in an 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight 
March 17: The Duchess of 
Gloucester. Patron, Counsel 

and Care for the Elderly, was 
present today at a luncheon at 
the House of Lords. 

Mrs Howard Page was- in 

March 17: Tire Duke of Kent, 
Colonel-in-Chief ofThe Roj 
Regiment of Fusiliers, today 
received Lieutenant Colonel 
John Rice on his assuming 
command of the 5th Battalion 
and Lieutenant Colonel Chris- 
topher Berry on his relin- 
quishing the appointment 

His Royal Highness this 
evening attended a perfor- 
mance of The Flying Dutch- 
man at Covent Garden as part 
of the City of Westminster's 
400th Anniversary Celebra- 

Captain Michael CampbeU- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr Donald Lea will be 
held today at the Temple 
Church, EC4. at 6pm. 

Birthdays today 

Major D.H. Butter. 66: Mr Pat 
Eddery, 34; Sir William Fraser, 
57; Sir Peter Harrop, 60; Mr 
Alex Higgins, 37; Mr Patrick 
Kavanagh, 63; Sir Percy Kent 
73; Sir Robin McAlpine, 80; 
Professor Sir Gordon Robson, 
65; Mr Alan Sapper. 55: the Hon 
John Silkin, MP. 63; Mr Keith 
Stock, 29; Lord Strathspey. 74. 


Royal Over-Seas League 
Sir Rex Hunt was the guest 

speaker at a meeting of the 
Discussion Circle of the Royal 
Over-Seas League held last night 
at Over-Seas House. 

Middlesex Hospital Medical 

An inaugural lecture entitled 
“Dynamic Psychiatry at the 
Dead Season of its Fortunes" 
win be delivered by Professor 
Rachel Rosser at the Middlesex 
Hospital Medical School at 5.30 
pm today. 

Unwin Memorial Lecture 1986 
The Unwin Memorial Lecture 
wit be held tonight, at 6 pm. at 
the Institution of Civil En- 
gineers. Westminster. The lec- 
ture "Research and the 
Engineering Practitioner" will 
be given by Dr L.S. Blake. 

St Godric’s College 
St Godric's College welcomes 
former students and their es- 
corts to the 1986 Summer Ball 
on May 17 at the Royal Over- 
seas League, St James’s. Tickets 
£18.50 from the Household 

Secretary. 2 Arkwright Road, 

NWS 6 AD. Tel: 01-435 9831. 


HM Government 
The Hon George Younger. Sec- 
retary of State For Defence, was 
host yesterday at a luncheon 
held at Lancaster House in 
honour of Mr Caspar W. Wein- 
berger. Secretary for Defence of 
the United States. 

Lord Westbury 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patron of Counsel and Care for 
the Elderly, was present at a 
luncheon given by CCE at the 
House of Lords yesterday at 
which Lord Westbury was host. 
Among those present were: 

of Agriculture. Fisheries and 
Food, and Mr John Mars, 
Chairman of NOAH and a 
director of Pfizer Limited. The 
guests included Mr James Di- 
amond, President of the Associ- 
ation of the British 
Pharmaceutical Industry. 
NOAH's parent organization, 
members of Parliament, and 
representatives of industry, pro- 
fessional organisations and the 

Sir Edward Tudcweit. General Sir 
Robert Ford. Mr Denis Waliace. Mr R 
Lynch. Mr W A J Reardon -Smith Mr 
J A Newton. Mr T Lewis. Mr B 
Counts. Mr Harold Davley M r M • 
cJwel Peacock. Mr C F Schooajred. 
Mia Heather AUery. Mr E A C 
Harman. Mr G A Grouflhion. Mr tan 
Simpson and Mrs Anne Bachroarm. 

Foreign Press Association 
The Secretary of Stale for For- 
eign and Commonwealth Af- 
fairs was the guest ofhonour at a 
luncheon given by the Foreign 
Press Association yesterday at 
the Hyde Park Hotel. Mr Ro- 
land Hill, president; was host. 


National Office of Animal 

Dr Michael Clark. MP. was host 
yesterday at a luncheon held at 
the House of Commons to 
celebrate the launch of the 
National Office of Animal 
Health (NOAH). The Speakers 
were Mrs Peggy Fenner, Par- 
liamentary Secretary, Ministry 

English-Speaking Union 
Sir Donald Tebbit, Chairman of 
the English-Speaking Union of 
the Commonwealth, and Mr 
Alan Lee Williams, director- 
general received the guests at a 
reception held a: Dartmouth 
House last night after a literary 
talk given by Baroness Ewart- 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr JJ. Watters : ‘ • 
and Miss G&M. Swan 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Mrs 
Greaves Walters and of the late 
Captain H.G. Wallers, DSC, 
RN. of Mill Cottage, Lower 
Broadbridge. near Horsham, 
West Sussex, and Catherine, 
daughter of Dr Conrad Swan, 
CVO, York Herald of Aims, and 
Lady Hilda Swan, of Boxford 
House Boxford. Colchester, Es- 

elder son of the late Mr J-A. 
Holloway and of Mrs' M. 
Yean die, of Addlestone, Surrey, 
and Verity Joy, only daughter of 
the Rev D.M. and Mrs wh; 
of Charlton. London. 


Mr J.D. Moffat 
and Miss CJJL Sawle 
The engagement is -announced 
between Jonathan, elder son or 
Mr Ivan Moffat, of Beverley 
Hills, California! and the Hon 
Mrs ' K. Townend, of 
Hurlinghara, London, and Car- 
mel second daughter of Mr and 
Mrs LM. Sawle; of Perth, 
Western Australia. 

Mr HA. La Trobe 
and Miss LS. Dolton 
The engagement is announced 
between Hugh, son of Mr A. La 
Trobe, of Isle of Skye, and 
stepson of Mrs J.P. La Trobe, of 
Sevenoaks. and Louise, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs A-L 
Dolton, of Borough Green, 

and Miss HU. Grant 
7716 engagement is announced 
between Rene,, son of Mr and 
Mis R. Michel, of Mahe, Sey- 
chelles. and Heather, daughter 
of Mr and Mre Ian Grant. 
Cuckfield, Sussex. 


Mr N-5- Garnham 
,asd Miss ELM. Maty 
The engagement is announced 
between Neil, son of Mr and 
Mrs GJL Garnham, of Ipswich, 
Suffolk, and Helen, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs D.G. Mahy. of St 
Peter Fori, Guernsey, Channel 


Mr D.CJL HoOowsy 
and Miss V J. Whyte 
The engagement is announced 
Charles Richard, 


Mr AJ. Barr-Smith 
and Mrs LA. Morgan 
The marriage took place 
March 15, 1986, at Chelsea 
Register Office, of Mr Adrian 
Barr-Smith, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs L.F. Barr-Smith. of 
Sundridge. Sevenoaks. Kent, 
and Mrs Elizabeth Anne Mor- 
gan, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
A.E. Davis, of SolDmll West 

Lambeth degrees 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robert Rtmcie, is to 

confer Lambeth Degrees on the 
following who made an 
outstanding contribution to the 
life and work of the cb urcte 

DD: The Most Rev Edward 
W Scott. Primate, of the An- 
glican Church of Canada, in 
recognition of his contribution 
to the world-wide church, 
particularly through bis leader- 
ship in the Anglican Commu- 

Prebendary Eric H2L Honor- 
ary Librarian. Lichfield Cathe- 
dral in recognition of his 
ministry as scholar, teacher and 
pastor, and his services to 
Lichfield Cathedral; The Rev 
Gordon Wakefield, Methodist 
Minister and Principal of The 
Queen's College. Birmingham, 
in recognition of his services to 
ecumenical c oo p era ti on and his 
work as writer, teacher and 

DCL: The Rev R Garth 
Moore, in recognition of his 
services to the Church of En- 
gland in the field of canon and 
ecclesiastical law. 

MA: Miss Pamela Bird, exec- 
utive assistant to the Most Rev 
Edward Scott, in recognition of 
her services to the Anglican 
Communion; Prebendary 
R.H.Green, Rector of 
Chiddingfold, and director of 
education in the diocese of 
Salisbury, in recognition of his 
services to education and the 
church's ministry among chil- 
dren and yoang people. 

Latest wills 

Mr Granville Whittaker Taylor, 
of Burton in Lonsdale. North 
Yorkshire, left £1.048.343 net. 


Latest appointments include: 

Sir W ilKim HeseUme to be a 
member of the Privy Council. 
Captain A-Grose to be pro- 
moted Rear Admiral and to be 
Assistant Chie f of the Defence 
Staff Operational Requirements 
(Sea Systems), in succession to 
Rear Admiral J.B. Kerr, in 

Mr Kevin Stewart to be the 
Agent General in London for 
the state of New South Wales. 
Mr Reg Ward to be Director of 
the Business Statistics Office at 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry, in succession to Mr 
Ray Ash, who is retiring. 

The following have been ap- 
pointed Recorders to sit on the 
th Eastern Circuit: 

M Q Austto-StnJth. I 

Beaumont. Mr N E Beddard. Mr 
Beuan. Mr D 

MLP ich 

Mace Blair. Mr J a 

Mr it J_BudU«v. QC^Mr 


CaivmSinffluMrCMCto^w r 

c l. CUT. Mr C D Cochrane. 

JD.CoM. Mr.N.8 C 

_ ad 

D CoUnmn. OC. Mr J S 

T A C ContogsUy. Mr J G 

Mr p e J Foote. QC. Mr T.J Fonn, 

OC. Mr J J Fo 
Forrester. Mr L 

Mr C 

Gordon. Mr_T J C_OouaJe. ggL,Mr M 

Graham. QC. Mr H Green, 
Harw. OC.J 

H 6 :.>Y«d-SiSth. Mr 
Mr C G Hookway. Mr A Hooper, ton 
M Howard. QC. Mr I G A Holder. I 
Mr I E Jacob, Mr M L Keane. MrJ 

i ^ t ^ <,5 B H Wa ft LS 

Mr p J Of _ 


rainworm. Mr R Femybaueh. Mr G 
D FTatber. QC. Mr G A B Norman. Mr 
J Grenfell N uctog. Mr D C J PMd 
Mr A Penance. Mrs N Pearce. Mr OH 

. MrCPB 

Purchas. Mr.N R PurneSfhc^'Mre C 

M Puxor, QC. Mr M S Rich. 
Robtnoon. Mr 

.. Mrv 

PC R Rountree. MrJ H 


Mr r Laurie. Mr F J . 

Mr D N N Murtnean. Mr R b 
M awray. Mr D J MeUor. Mr D Q 
Miner. Mr A G Moms. Mr R F Nebon. 

g C-^ Mr G c_ Ryan. QC.. Mr R B 

„ Mr M P Sayers. Mr □ R A 

sum. Mr K T Simnan. Mr c J 
Sumner. Mr ft U Thomas, QC.- Mr W 

F O Thomas. Mr C H Tmuig.Mr n p 
’ atua. Mr J E van Der werff. 

Walker. QC. Mr T E walker. QC. Mr 

wuuaraa. QC. 

QC. The Han Jafaa M 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

births. marriages. 

M ■ linr + 15N VAT. 

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Announcements, authenticated by 
the name and permanent address of 
the sender, may be scnl to: 

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or telephoned {by telephone 
subscribers only) to:- 01-481 

Announcements can be received 
b> telephone between 9.00am 
and 5.30pm Monday to Friday, 
on Saturday between 9.00am 
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Only). For puNicaiion the foJ- 

phone by 1.30pm. 

Court and Social Page. £6 a line 

Court and Social fcige an- 
nouncements can not be accept- 
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nington Street. London El. 
Most other classified advertise- 
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phone. The deadline is 5.00pm 2 
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day!. Should you wish id send 
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BAXTER on March 16th 1986 tn Syd- 
ney. Australia. Keith, formally of 
Burp ham. Guilford. Surrey aged 64. 
Mach loved husband of Annabel, be- 
loved father of Debbie. Ross. Andy 
and Diana. Funeral to be held in 

BOORER - Susie Rowlands tragically 
on New Years Day at Waricwortft. 
New Zealand. Youngest daughter of 
George ulan) and Monica (Me Booei 
(formerly of Kinangop. Kenya) and 
staler to Janet. Mary and Peter. 
Letters to 12 Burma Road. London 
N16 9BJ. 

On 17th March 1986 
peacefully at his home in hb 89th 
year after a Ions illness, 
courageously borne. [_T Gen. Str 
John Bagot GJuhb K.C.B. C.M.G. 
D5.0. OBE. M.c (Glubb Pasha) 
beloved husband of Rosemary and 
father of Paris nee Naomi & Mary 
Alallah and grandfather of Mubarak. 
Joanna. Matthew. Kay. Louise and 
Sara and brother of Mrs Cweoda 
Hawkes. Private funeral. Family 
flowers only. Donations to Church of 
England Childrens Society, c/o Paul 
Bysouth Funeral Services. 9 CroO 
Road. Crowborough. Sussex. 
Memorial service to be announced 

BOOTH - On Friday March 14lh 
peacefully at Broome End Nursing 
Nome. Lfly (Janet widow of Dr. 
Norman Booth, mother of Margaret 
and grandmother of Willtam. Mark. 
Brice and Charlotte. Funeral Service 
at Pam don Wood Crematorium. 
Harlow on Monday March 2«th at 
10.90am. No flowers by request. 

- A. Norman. March 
1 Ilh. dearly loved husband of Kay. 
Funeral Thursday March 20 th 
1 1 . 00 am at Tunbridge Wells 
Crematorium- No (lowers please. 
Donations Cancer Research Fund. 

SUCKS Edward (Church Army 
Captain) passed away 12th March 
198b. tn hospital aged 77 years, of 
Church Array HosteL Jamaica 
Street. Bristol, who m mistered In SC 
Pauls Parish since 1965 and 
formerly In Rochester. Manchester 
and Sheffield. Funeral Service on 
Wednesday 26th March 1986 at SL 
Pauls Parish Church. Portland 
Square. Bristol at 12 noon followed 
by interment at niton New 
Oemetary. Flowers and enquiries to 
Cooperative Funeral Service. 99 
Church Road. RedfleJd. Bristol Tel 
Bristol 656455. 

BWHTOH On 13th March 1986 Denis 
Hubert. D.M.. F.R.C.P.. aged 83. 
Dearly loved husband of Rosemary 
and of the late Joan, father of Tim 
and the late Joe. Funeral at The 
Church of St John The Baptist. Bur- 
ley. al 11.30am on Thursday 20 th 
March 1986 followed by burial. 
Please, no (lowers: donations to St 
Mary's Hospital Medical School De- 
velopment Trust London W 2 IPG. H 
desired.. A Service of Thanksgiving 
tn St Mary's Hospital Chapel to be 

HARMS • On March 15. peacefully al 
the Wellington Hospital. George 
iGeorgte) beloved husband of Zona, 
deeply mourned. Funeral Hoop 
Lane. Gotders Green. Tuesday 
March 18 al 2.30pm. Please no 

T non Jesus said unto its cm Vet a Utile 
while n the light wiih you. Walk 
while ve have the light, lest darkness 
come upon >ou 

SL John iSh 35 


APPLETON « To Andrew - and Marie- 
Franc otee <nee TremMeyt on 1 OU 1 
March, a daughter. Amber Elizabeth, 
a sister for Jade. 

BRYANT * Derek suddenly but 
peacefully, on the 11th March 1986. 
aged 57. Beloved husband of Shirley, 
rather of Stuart and Debra. Service 
Wednesday 19th March 1986 at 
2.30pm at SI Michael's Church. 
Margarettlng Road. GaUeywood. nr 
Chelmsford, followed by cremation 
at Chelmsford Crematorium at 3.15 
pm. Flowers to Cienavon Private 
Way. Margarettlng Road. 
GaUeywood. nr Chelmsford. Essex. 
Donations. U dewed, to BriOsti Heart 

HEPBURN - On Sunday March 16th 
peacefully In the Yeatman HospttaL 
Malcolm Gotch. aged 82 years of 
Keep Tryst very precious husband 
of Rostand and adored father of 
Nigel. Chlo 6 . Tessa and dearly loved 
Gompa. Private family cremation. 
Remembrance Service SL Andrews 
Church. Leigh al 2 . 00 pm Friday 21 st 
March. No flowers. Donations la 
church 180 b Geldorfs Live Aid). 

PATCH - On March 14th 1906. 
peacefully at home In Hove. Muriel 
wife of the late Sir Leonard. Service 
at the Downs Crematorium. Bear 
Road. Brighton. Sussex on Friday 
2 1 st March at 1.30pm. Flowers and 
enquiries to Han ningtona. Telephone 
Bri ghton 778733.. 

PCTUY on March 13tb athomc 
Judtth beloved - wife of PtiOlp. 
moOwr of Sally and daugblo- of 
the late OtaonH and Mm AM - 
QUmor of BaUmore USA- Fu- 
neral private. Doiubens if 
desired to Macmillan. Cancer 
Relief Fund. 00 Trinity Hos- 
pice. 30 ClaMum Common. . 

North SMe. London. SW4. 

PRCTYMAH - On March l40i In Rfo de 
Janeiro Vera wife. of Sir HUftar 
Pretyman KBE- 

PRtOR - On Saturday lSth March 
1986 suddenly, j. Alan Prior. ID. 

. beloved husband of Tnsdy and the 
late Joan, father, grandfather and 
step-father. Past Master • of 
Worshipful Company of Founders 
(1983). member of HAC tA -Battery 
1936) and Proprietor of Fossebrldge 
Inn. Funeral Chedworttr Parish 
Church on Friday 2lst March at 
3.00pm. Flowers to Norman. 
Trotman and Hushes. Nofthleech 
(North teach 288) GJoj. 

ROPER on March the 13th. peacefully 
at his home. Cnthbert A. (Robta) 
Roper, beloved husband of the late 
Muriel G. Roper. Funeral service at 
Dorchester Abbey. Friday. March 
Uie 21 st. at 4.00 p.m. Family Bowen 
only please, but if wbhed donations 
to: Dr. L. H. Orton. 30 SL James' 
Road. Hampton HBL TW 12 
aid of Bertasflekl Health Centre, for 
the purchase of equipment for the 
care of tbe local community. 

sajJTTO - Peacefully, at vale of 
Leven HospttaL Alexandria on 15th 
March 1986. Nina SUBtbj. much 
loved irrum and granny. . 

ISAACS - On March 10th tn hcsWtal tn 
London. Tamara, beloved whe of 
Jeremy- loved and loving mother of 
John and Kate, caring friend to 

DAVIS - On March 16th 1986 at 
Birmingham Maternity Hospital to 
Maggi mw Bilteborrowi -and John 
Mark, a daughter Bethany Ruth, a 
staler lor Peier. 

FREE - On March 1 1 to Louise (nee 
Chun rii & Dominic a son Charles 


BURNS - Diana Mary «ner Williams) 
on 16th March beloved w* of Brian 
and mother of Charlene. Maria and 
Kingsley, peacefully at home at 
Cornell. Canada, following a long 
Illness faced with supreme courage. 

FULCHER - On 26th February to Mary 
1 nee Glynn) and Paget, a son Charles 
Henry Paget. . 

CAMERON on Sunday. March 16th 
1986. peacefully In hb sleep. Jack 
MacKenzie Cameron M.B.E. In Ids 
80th year, of Klmhotton. Hunting- 
don. Cambs. Memorial service at St 
Andrews church Klmbonon on 
Thursday March 20 th al 3.30pm. No 
tetters please. 

KENTON • on March ism. peacefully 
in hospital following a maior opera- 
tion. Nancy UtUey tn her 79th year, 
of Glebe House. SaMbum. nr 
Cntheroe. dearly loved wife of Jim 
and mother of Christopher and An- 
thony Wood and Anne Steel cnee 
Wood). Service and Interment at St 
Andrews Church. Staid bum on 
Thursday March 20 Ui at 2.50 pm. 
Memorial service ai Bury Parish 
Church to be announced later. Fam- 
ily flowers only, but donations if 
desired to Our Lady of Compassion 
HospttaL Preston New Read. Black- 
bum. Donations and enoulnes 10 
Brian Price Funeral Director. 39 
Down ham Road. Chatbum. 
Ciltheroe. Lancs BBT 4AU. Tel OZQO 

- Leonle Anna Maria da 

16th March peacefully at Edgware 
Hospital, aged 88 . married 62 years. 
Deeply loved wife of Werner and 
mother of Juergen. Funeral Service 
- on Friday 21 st March at 10.00 am at 
Sl Johns Church. Stabraore. 
followed by cremation. No flowers 
but donations, d destred. to Dr. 

SMTTH - On March the 8 th. 1986. sud- 
denly at hb home to Bath. John 
Waller Gainer Smith OB E.. OF,C. 
Group Captain H-A.F- rat'd. Funera l 
Service. Hayeomba Cranston um. 
Bath, on Tuesday. March the I 8 U 1 


TOQGOOD on March Idtti. peaceniOy 
Mary, adored wife of turlate Rev. 
Clifford Toogood. Vicar of WarfleW. 
much loved statar of Edward-SUnp- 
son and the late Madeline Johnstone 
and beloved aunt of her many neph- 
ews and nieces. Funeral on Friday 
21 sl March at 2 pm at Warfield 
Church Donations, tf desired, to The 
- Warfield Parish Church- Restoration 

BUFORD - se\e and Lesley tree 
Hatmesl are proud to announce the 
arrival of twin daughters. Uaire- 
Elizabeth and Laura JacguetUie. on 
Saturday. March the I5th. at a oo 
pm. Grateful thanks u all aLBamdi 
Maternity Hospital 

HOLDSTOCK - On March 14th to 
Joanna (nee Morlarty) and Greg, a 
son Jack, a brother for Harry. 

HOLLIMAN On March 13th (n 
Scotland to Geoffrey and Alison (oee 
Bradshaw j a son. Alexander 

CHARVET On I5tb March 1986. 
peacefully at home In palnswfck af- 
ter a long Illness. Eleanor Margaret 
dearly loved wife of. Pal Edward 
Charvei and mother of Richard and 
Caroline. Funeral in Sl Mary's 
Church. Paimwick. on Monday 24th 
March 1986 at It. 30 am. Family 
flowers only. Donations If desired to 
me Cancer Research Campaign. 2 
Carlton House Terrace. London 

MACDONALD - Oo March l«h in 
hospital Catherine Fraser 
Macdonald, dearest aunt of Carolyn 
MCCstium of 3 Gartemneli Cardens . . 
Bearsdcn. Glasgow C61 3BN. 
FuneraFal (he Putney vale Cremalo- 
num. Kingston Road. SWiS. on 
Thursday- March 20th. al 1.30pm. 

KENNER - On the J 3 {h of March, to 
Laura and Paul, a daughter. Rebecca 
Susan May a sister for Joanna and 

LAIN® - Qn 'March 14th in Edinburgh 
to Charlotte and Timothy a son. 
David Robert. 

MACDEtUMUT on 16 (h of lurdi 
lo Georgina Marta inre 
Gallweyi end Brian Hugh a son 
Thomas Pamck was born at 
Qtirm cnartoncs honHIal. 

MACLEHOSE - On March 3rd. to 
Christopher and Kotikla. a son 
Timothy Andre. 

STANLEY . Sunday March 16Jh to 
Georgma tnee Cnmrai and Martin, a 
daughter Ctemeniine. Masha, a stater 
for Ollier. 

COOPER on Sunday, the l«h of 
March, peacefully lb his sleep. Mar- 
Hit. beloved husband of Mary, 
affectionate father and grandfather. 
Funeral private- Memorial to be ar- 
. ranged later. 

flirt On March ISUi 1986. at home 
after courageous tight against heart 
disease. Beverly (tide Hayne). darling 
wife of Andrew, beloved daughter of 

(da and the late James Leslie, stater to 

Margaret Roger and Douglas. No 
flowers please, but donations if de- 
sired to c, o Doctor K. Fox. National 
Heart Chest Hospital. London. Wl. 

CAPO- On 16 U 1 March. Maw Cener- 
-at A.L < David 1 CUE. MA. most loved 
husband of Muriel, beloved father 
and grandfather. Cremation private, 
no flowers please. 

MAIN • On March 12 th 1986. 
peacefully after a short illness. Pttftp 
Beveridge, beloved husband of 
Dorothy, rather of Peter and 
Jonathan falter tn-law of Karin and 
grandfather of Hanna. Daniel and 
Chrtdopher. Ftaieal private 

WALSH - On Match 16th peacefully at 
home. Lawrence (TlcfcejO WaKfi 
FRCS aged 70. Dear husband of 
Mary and father of Richard. Gtinan 
and Robin. Remembered with -love 
by all . family. Cremation - : at 
Putney Vale on 2ttt March at 
ll .00am. Contribution In lieu of 
flowers, if destred. to Atkinson 
Mortey’s Hospital. Neuro Sciences 
Research Foundation or to Kingston 
and Esher .-Health ' Authority 
CMtdrens Fond. (Maple --< OhiU 
To! worth HospiUL KT6 7QU. 

MCKENZIE Robert Allan (80) of 
Oiingdean. peaceful! y In hospftaL 
12 th of March 1986. Funeral Family 
Chapel. The Downs Crematorium. 
Bear Road. Brighton, on Wednesday 
19th March 1986. 10.45 am. Flow- 
ers (o Messrs Aitscombe A Cockbum. 
29 College Place. teigMon. by 10 am 
or crematorium. 


MILTON - Cedric Frances (Frank) Oh 
• March 10th 1986. Father of Simon 
and Sara He wOi be much missed by 
everyone. Funeral 11.15am Friday 
2 lst Oxford Crematorium- 

WOLSON. On March 13 at the Mater- 
nity Hospital. CcHchester. to. Helen 
and Simon, a daughter. Juliet 

GIBSON • On 15lh March 1986 
peacefully at BoUletd Nursing Home. 
Bexhill. Stanley aged 87 years. 
Formerly of Enfield. Dearly loved 
• father of Dorothy and grandfather of 
Mark and Elizabeth- Private 
cremation March 20th- 

NICHOLSON on Sunday 16th March. 
1986. at Wbuiata. Weybrfdge. Sir. 
John Charles NlchoKon. surgeon, 
son of Sm- Charles Nicholson, archi- 
tect. and hta w«e Evelyn Louise, nee 
Olivier, husband of Caroline Eliza- 
beth. itte McNefce. Burial win take 
place at St Mary the Virgin. Edvtn 
Loach, near Brom y ard. Hereford. 
Enquiries to Frederick W Payne. 
High SL Esher. 


Memorial Service for Sir Anthony 
Rawhnson. KC 8 will be tafid In West- 
minster Abbey at Nocn on Tuesday 8 
Apm 1986. These wtihing to attend 
are asked to apply for tickets in wil- 
ing to: The Receiver General. 20 
Dean's Yard. Westminster Abbey. 
LONDON SW 1 P 3PA. enclosing a 
stamped addressed envelope. Appli- 
cations for tickets should be received 
by Monday 24Ui March 1986. and 
tickets will be posted on Wednesday 
2 April 1986. Ail are very welcome. 


BALLYN hi loving memory of CeCtL 
Captain. Royal Artillery. 668 Squbd- 
ron Air OP.. DFC with Bar. who died 
of wounds on 18. March .1945. 

Prison Service 

The following Prison Service 
appointments are announced 

Mr John BnmbaU. Gowrror. 
ParUrars Prison, to Prison Service 
lyadquartere; Mr Retgpald WWhera. 
Goveraer. N orwich . Pri son. .19 t>e 

Governor, on mnmcCpn of Perkhuwt 

Prison: Mr Brmttan ^QT rteL fwm the 

Prison Sende e . _ _ 
Officer, to be Goverw. 

Prison: Mr MOce Jeoi Gowernor. 

wicks, to be Govembor. 00 promo- 
tion. oT Long Lartto Prison. 

_ Mr _ 


Governor.' Portten d y CC. to 
Governor. Onle y VO C: Mr 
Eutngton. from tbe Prison _ 

South west Retfopal Ofttoe. tobe 
Governor. Ford Prison. West Sossaac 
Mr MD« LanpOcm- of thc Prison 

Stjcal Prison; MrAtan Hotman. Leeds 
Prison, to be Governor. WeOmtar 

^ GravQte Barnard, of tbs North- 
ern Prison Officer Selection Board, to 
be Governor of laMwnere House. 
Richmond: Mr John Bnutn. Governor 

of LMlctunar* House to tor Naritwro 

Prison Officer Sdectlon Board: Mr 
John Drtng. of Prison Sendee Hesri- 

guorters. to be Governor, on jttoino- 

Uon. Of Fealheratone Prison. 
Wolverhampton: Mr PWBp WHeuey. 
Deputy - Governor. Cartree Prison. 

of Huh Prison: Mr ... _. 

the Prison service. Soot h-Wes t Hr 
to be Governor of 

University news 



Research fWiowsbini Cram 
JSA Adamson, of Chris 
titfstoryJ: JA Cowan, of 


Dr Martin Lowson, drriiaoDal 
director, corporate development 
at Westland, has been appointed 
to the Sir George White chair of 
aeronautical engineering. 

Dr D D ed e ridge. senior res earch 
a s s oci ate- bp Research Centre, lo he 
visaing industrial • pro f essor tn ihe 
ttepMWWfiB of stcewcaj a nd aeo 

Eronlc engtneeriop. rnechankal «»- 
tfneertDO. and loorpantc chemistry. 
Dr DM Leak«r.. depmy engtsco- in 

cuef. British JWecam .to be 

industrial professor Bthe d 

of electrical and electro n ic 


Grants . 

Medical RewMKti OMBidb £0&121 to 

Professor RL .Gregory towards an 

Irwestigaliim cgai^^Wd^ pcyneral 

mdntaSM of serosMual 1 

Natural Envirafdnsnt n s s e m c h Conn* 
cDiraa - 

: £S3.666 to Dr MH Martin toanaty 

meats in undtaturued wootOandsMM 
cgnanunated through aerial pollution. 


CararoseCap ; r 

England completed a convince 
ing overall win in the Third 
round of the Home 

CouotriesBridge International 
series- for the Camrose Cup ax 
ihe weekend England, the hold- 
ers. defeated Northern Ireland, 
their closest challengers, by 23- 
7; 23-5; 254) at Oxford. Wales 
beat Scotland 25-3; 13-15; 8-18 
ai’Falkirk. In the bst tna^ies of 
the series,, ail four teams were 
fined victory play foe slow play. 
Scotland gained second place in 
spite of losing all three matches. 
The teams were' - . 

England; R^. Brock and 
A JL Forrester: J.M.ArmWong and 

G. T.Klrby: Dr A.P.Sowtar azM 
S Lodge, Non-playing captain: M. 

Noi Uw a n Ireland: MJtosenbcrg an d 
R. Anderson: B. Son tor and 

H. Campbell: R. Burns and 

L. Rosenborg. Non-playing captain: 
Dr S.HalJ. 

Wales; P.DJourdatnand R.G.Upton: 
CC. Evans and A.Tnamas^ Dr. Doan 
Karate and CJHartln. Non-ptforing 
tain: LSheriaan. 

cottand: V.Sitverstanc and 

. Mnkln: W.hinea ana T.F.MarsbaU: 
vjmikmu wd GOutredNon- playing 

189: ScotltoMf 
118; Norths™ Ireland 1 IT: wales 98. 



Lieutenant-General Sir 
John Glubb, KCB, CMG, 
DSO, OBE, . MC, who as 
CHubb Pasha was commander 
of l be Arab Ixgion and for 20 
■years one of tbe most influen- 
tial 'men in- the Middle East, 
died at his home in Sussex 
yesterday, aged 88. 

Invariably seen in a red 
bedouin bead-dress, CHubb 

created a legend as potent as 
jf Aral 

that of Lawrence of Arabia; 
indeed: in time region he is 
recalled as a fat greater man 
than TJE. Lawrence. 

Much ofhis success was due 
to his remarkable empathy 
with the Arabs, and particular- 
ly with- the bedouins, about 
whom he was a renowned 
authority. He was, above all, 
an excellent military organiz- 

His Arabian service marked 
the watershed .in Anglo- Arab 
relations; when he arrived in 
Iraq in 1920 British influence 
in the Middle East was at its 
height but when he kft Jordan 
36 years later it was in rapid 

John Bagot Glubb was. bom 
on April lo. 1897, the onlyson 
of Major-General Sr Freder- 
ick Glubb of the RoyaT Engi- 
neers. He passed second into 
die RMA Woolwich .from 
Cheltenham College in-1914, 
and was commissioned .info 
his'fetber’s corps die following 

In November, 1925, he was 
posted to France, serving for 
the next three years as. a 
regunental officerrrith a field 
company, RE. Most of this 
time was spent in the trenches; 
be was wounded three times, 
onoe nearly finally, in tbejaw, 
and was awarded the Military 
Cross. The diary he. kept, at 
that time was published- in 
1977 under the title Into Battle: 
a Soldier's Diary of the Great 
' War and shows him to have 
been a brave, compassionate 
and dedicated officer. ... 

Bored with the prospect of 
barrack-square soldiering in 
Chatham after tbe war, be 
volunteered to serve in Iraq, 
then in tbe grip of a rebellion. 
He remained oh after peace 
was restored, saving for sev- 
eral years as a ground intelli- 
gence officer with the RAF. 

It was during this time that 
he became interested in die 
Arabs, their history, culture 
and language. In 1926, when 
recalled fra duty with the 
British Army, he applied to 
join tbe Mandatory adminis- 
tration m Iraq, resigning his 

Bom 1927-30 he was em- 
ployed as administrative in- 
spector in the Southern Desert 
where the shepherd and bed- 
ouin tribes were being 
terrorised by Ibn Sand’s fanat- 
ical Wahabis (Ikhwan). and 
such was the success of the 
tactics he devised and the 

mended the removal from foe 
desert of the Tra nsjordan 
F rontier Force (an imperial 
unit) which had until then 
been responsible for desert 
security! 1 - 

Through patience, honesty 
of puipose and a profound 
understanding ofbedouin psy- 
chology, Glubb gradually per- 
suaded the tribesmen to jam 
his Desert Police Farce, later 
to become famous as . the 
Desert Patrol (Al Badieh) and 
within two years raiding had 
ceased. “It was my pride and 
he wrote, M thai this was 

example he set that raiding 
ring of 

had ceased by the spring 

By then Glubb's activities 
were common gossip among 
the bedouin, who knew him as 
Abu Hunaik (Father of the 
Little Jaw), a reference to the 
war wound which hadleft him 
permanently scarred. Hi? ex- 
ploits were legendary, not. least 
among them his crossing of 
the North Syrian desert to 
Amman in 1924, riding a 
camel and accompanied only 
by his Arab servant:. 

In November, 1930, he was 
invited to join tbe Transjor- 
dan administration - with foe 
task of pacifying the bedouin 
tribes who were in a state of 
anarchy. Glubb was con- 
vinced that the only way to 
pacify them was to teach the . 
tribes to police themselves' 
and to this .end he recom- 

ra putting anyone in prison". . 

In March, »39,_ Glubb was 
appointed by Anzif Abdullah 
to succeed Peake Pasha _ in 
co mmand of tbe Arab Legion 
and promoted Feriq (Lieuten- 
ant-General). By.: then the 
, legion had been engaged in 
frequent skirmishes with foe- 
Arab gangs-, infiltrating 
through Transjordan to fight 
the British in Palesdne;. a 
small, mechanized force, 
largely . bedouin in 
composiion. had been formed. . 

This was increased to . a 
Raiment in 1940 by British 
request^ and later in foe war it 
. was expanded to a brigade. 

~ dabbled part ofhis force to 
- fight alongside the British, m 
Iraq in April, 1941, and again 
in Syria two months later. . 

His Tong-skirted bedouins, 
their hair j^ited and hanging 
in ringlets from beneath their 
shamaghs, got on fruxzously 
with foe British soldiers who 
called them “Glubb's girts". 
CHubb was awarded the DSO 
for his leadership in foe two. 

. From. 194T onwards the 
Arab Legum was expanded in 
order to provide guard compa- 
nies for foe many nrifitary 
installations in the MSkfle 
East; when foe war began its 
strength totalled 1,600, with 
only one British officer 
(Glubb); by 1945 it had in-, 
creased to more than 8,000. . 

No sooner was foe war over 
than Glnhb's life became 
dominated by foe problem Of 

The Arab L^ioa was tt& 
more than 4,000 strong ait the 
timeof the British wfrhdcawal 
fromFalestme arid soonit was 
fighting desperately to hold 
the Old City of Jerusalem; 
ahhough Giubb - bad-, been 
averse to committing his few 
troops to street fighting tn the 
rabbit warrensof the Old City, 
political consuterations out- 
weighed the military. 

When the fighting was over 
hefoundhiHiself responsible 
frathedefenceofWest Jordan 
along a demarcation line 
stretching from Galilee', to ■ 
Hebron, witb little - enough 
money to pay and equip foe 
troops necessary for such a 
task. ; 

Meanwhile foe Legion was 
expanding, so quickly that 
Glubb Pasha could no longer 
maintain his previous dose 
touch with all his Arab offi- 
cers. No man could have 
worked harder to do so but it 

■was beyond foe physical pow- 
ers of anymatL These devef- 
opments not oidy cranoded 
with foe viotent oihhm of 
Arab nationalism,, but they 
also saw foe disappearance 
from foe scraiebfGinobs two 
mra important alties. 

King Abdullah wa® assasg. 
naiedm l951,andlaierititMe 
same year the British Minister 
m Jortfem. Sff Akc Kiittrafc, 
uuag tran sfe rred to Libya. For 
Gfobb.foe.toss»ks iwalcula- 
ble. From then on.he was 
ahme. •' 

Meanwhile mattas went 
frran bad to worse atong the 
border wifo . Israd, : culminat- 
ing in-foe widespread noting 
that followed Jdrtbfo’s adherv 
race to foe Baghdad -^Kt w 
December, 1955- Hie ripfi 
were dealt: with sewrefy bra 
evitaMy -suffered flr had sot 
found it*easy:to get.dtt dose 
terms with . : foe young King 
Hussein who was aged uftf 
1 9; Glubb was 59. 

The blow fell on March J, 
1956, when he was s u mm oned 
to foe Prime Minister's office 
and radered to leave the 
country within twp tons. 
After protesting at soch short 
notice he-was extended until 
seven o'do&the next mcro- 

t was a discourteous way to 
rad a distinguished and loyal 
career Tmt those involved in 
briz^ng it ?bora feared Jest 
some of the bedouin regi- 
ments would march on Am- 
mm to restore Ghibb; one 
regiment was poised to do so 
and . only foe fact that Glubb 
Paste warned no bkx>dsJr$ 
dissuaded them. . 

Nothing in feet became 
GfuWj Pasfaa moire than his 
coafoad during what^ .far him 
roost bavc been foe most 
iHtter moments: ..of his life. 
Neither at (bedtime nor later 
coa c e m in g the king, main- 
tive todismissitis chief of staff 
whenever he chose to do so. 

. Hereraraned devoted to the 
Hadtwniiig House and to foe 
pediRe of/brcfam for foe rest of 
his fife, ted a wholetearted 
.adherent of the Arab cause. 

- Anivipgin £n^andwith£5 
. in h^ pocket and not much 
more in the bank, lie was 
made a KCB and the Govern* 
rant then washed its tendkaf 
him; he was offered no 
ploymem nor was he adeed for 
his advice. For the next 15 
years he supported iris family 
andttfoqtt wl his four children 
by lecturing and his pen. 

Hr lectured chiefly in foe 
United States where he also 
tau^it for some months in 
American colleges; be is also 
foe author of 19 books, foe 
best ofwhicft is probaWy his 
War in the Desert (I960) 
which tells of his Iraq service. 

He was a deeply religious 
man with a scholarly turn of 
mind. He was not impressive 
in appearance and was almost 
diffident in manner, yet ttere 
was ■■ about him 'an 
unmistakeable air of author- 

He rotated himself always 
as a soldier, disliking politics 
and the accompanying in- 
trigue, yet no man .could have 
lasted as long as he did in 
Jordan without an acute polit- 
ical understanding. 

His place in Jordan's histo- 
ry is assured and he will be 
remembered as one of foe 
principal architects of That 
state, in Britain he will be 
remembered as the last and 
the greatest of foe British 

He married in 1938, Muriel 

Rosemary, foe daughterof^r 



Sir Eric St Johnston, CBE, 
QPM, one pf foe foremost 
police innovators ofhis gener- 
ation, died in hospital~yester- 
day. He was 75. 

Born on January Tl, 1911, 
into a reasonably prosperous 
family, he was educated at 
Bromsgrove School,- Worces- 
lershire, and Corpus Ouisti 
College, Cambridge.' St John- 
ston served in. the Territorial 
Army from .1929-35, and was 
posted in the rank of colonel 
for special duties at the Was- 
Office in 1943. AS head of die 
public safety section in 
SHAEF in 1944 he had a key 
position planning the public 
safety.- (including poticing) of 
the civilian 'populations, left 
behind the advancing Allies. 

He was employed on foe 
civilian staff at -New Scotland 
Yard from 1 932-35, became a 
banister of the ^Middle , Tem- 
ple in 1934and won the baton 
of honour at foe Metropolitan 
Police College inJ935.; ■ ... 

He was appointed, an. in-, 
spector in foe Metropolitan 
Police in 1936 befb [^becom- 
ing successively Chief Consta- 
ble of Oxfoidfoire (1940-44), 
of Durham County (1944-50) 
and of Lancashire (1950-67). . 
He was Clnef Inspector of 
Constabulary for England and , 
Wales from' 1967-70. 

• St Johnston was . able ' to 

bring to the police service, Uke 
the amateur to cricket, ai wider 
ted m ore darmg range of 
ideas than foe - . plodding- arti- 
san. He preferred to be re- 
spected rather than - liked, 
though for many he. was bbth. 

He had -a reputation for 
speaking his mind; abluntness 
which,^ .combined V.with an 
tinderiying rocial concern, en- 
abled him to get on particular- 
ly well with the Durham 
miners - when he was chief 
constable there. 

There has latterly been a 
reaction against, some of the 
run ovations he introduced, • 
particularly foe panda car.' He 
had hoped that . officers would 

; get out of their modest vehi- 
cles and get to know their frpar 
on foot, but being-human they 
tended to ihsutee themselves 
by staying in their cars, relying 
on communications by radio. 

Lancashire, when 1 be was 
foere. was foe first force in 
Britain to use radar speed 
traps and the first in tbe world 
to equip police with personal 
cadio& It was also the first 
provincial force to use 

Some of St Johnston’s idea*, 
such as creating a. natio&l 
P?“°® went against a 
wide desire for the police to be 
jceote^e toony. Some felt 
that the tendency to amakam- 

ww ***?!* gone too fir. 
when he • became .Chief- la- 
^eoqr of Constabulary there 

Watt I 7S ' .■! . 

were J25 provincial, police 

forces in ^England and WaJ 


Mr J. M. Scott. OBE foe cap intwenty-ninedaysratrip 
author and Arctic .explorer, which, gained him foe. rare 

, v — j "ewuiM ana Wafesi 

were 4L 

He had a love of shooting 
ted enjoyed foe socraTSe 
which included dining in frig 

that he tad worldwide. 
He vras knitted in i %1 and 
also held the Legion of TejiZ 


marTicd foretimes, 
and two daugh- 
teni from fos first unnS&L 

died on March 12 after a short; honour of a Polar Medal- 
illness. He was 79. - Scptt’s travels provided fo e 

With fellow-explorer Gino. 
Watkins. - he made a geograph- 
ical survey of foe interior- of 
Labrador in 1928-29. Again 
with Watkins, on foe 1930-31 
Brilifo Arctic Air Route surr 

e^of Greenland, be made foe 

450 -mile crossing of -foe. .ice- ' 

inspiration for many adven- 
ture’ novels, among ■ them ' 
Land.of Seals (1949), Hudson 
of Hudson's Bay (l95Q), From 
Sea la Ocean {1969}. and 

f :ebound <1977^ . 

• As an authoc, be was an 
ingenious plotter, and perti- 

murie. hi*. •vMMHBaaicE 

bugfophy Gina Wat- 
35) was a best-sdkr 

. .His 

4 HM-seBo 

c o uiS' tedBim0n ' to d' j ^ 


\ l a ' 

ii > 

* * V 

4 . 


L i«w 






Terminal opens on April 12, 1986.) 

From next month, there’ll be a fast new way 
to leave the country. Heathrow’s new Terminal 4. 
All British Airways flights to Paris and 

And if it’s Terminal 4, how to get there. 

By car, that means following the special road 
signs on the motorways. By bus, it means getting off 

Amsterdam and all their Intercontinental services at the Terminal 4 stop. 

including Concorde, will take off from there. 
As will all KLM, NLM and Air Malta flights. 

But . if you’re using our new 1 ' M M 

Terminal, there’s something you 
ought to know. ■ 

It can’t be reached the same way I 

as Terminals 1, 2 and 3. J if 1 ® 5 

So. it’s more important than |_ e ^ 
ever to know which "Terminal to 
report to. *- — “-JJ 

I • - • 





By tube, it means using the new Terminal 4 
station between Hatton Cross and Heathrow Central. 
" iaa-.' 1 Terminal 4 cost £200 million 
to build. (Not a penny of it, by the 
way, from the pockets of tax payers.) 
We think it’s one of the best 

CD cz£> cfj 

airport terminals in Europe. 

Fly through 

it soon and see 
if you agree. 

^ CD c=£> dr 

i\ HEATHROW _ >i— i r— . ^ — ri fe/ 

“TERMINALS 12 3 <53 ^ “ Tf7 

0 3 %^ 

K . British . 


iThe Mforicfe Most Successful Internationa! Airport System 


§s iiinmwH'Wp” 


A match made in the charm 

By Alan Hamilton 

Prince Andrew looks like 
continuing a royal tradition, 
begun by Princess Margaret in 
1960. of becoming engaged to 
a commoner. But some com-* 
mone.s are less common than 
others; Miss Sarah Ferguson 
can claim a family connection, 
although a tenuous one. with 
the Queen, and her upbringing 
has been well within those 
charmed concentric circles 
which surround the royal fam- 
ily and which smeD of saddle 
soap and old money. 

Miss Ferguson's paternal 
grandmother was a Montago- 
Dongtas-Sostt, from the fam- 
ily of the Duke of Bucckoch, 
Scotland's largest private 
landowner whose several 
homes include the majestic 
border castles of Drum Unrig 
in Dumfriesshire and Flows at 
Kelso; the latter sheltered 
Andrew and Sarah at times 
daring their courtship and 
desperate quest for privacy. 

Another daughter of the 
family, Alice ChristabeL, mar- 
ried Henry of Gloucester, 
brother of King George V, in 
1935. providing Sarah's imme- 
diate royal connection. She is 
still alive and active as Prin- 
cess Alice, Dnchess of 

Sarah's grandmof’er, now 
Lady Elmhurst and aged 74. 
lives in a cottage close to the 
famil y’s Hampshire home. Af- 
ter the death of her first 
husband. CoL Andrew Fergu- 
son, she married Air Marshal 
Sir Thomas Elmhirst, who 
died in 1966. Lady Elmhirst is 
a first cousin of Princess Alice. 

Bonds cemented 
through polo 

Miss Ferguson’s introduc- 
tion into the npper strata of 
aristocracy was provided by 
her father. Major Ronald Fer- 
guson, who daring his career 
in the Life Guards commanded 
the Sovereign's Escort of the 
Household Cavalry, a post 
which took him into contact 
and friendship with the Queen 
and her family. 

The bonds were cemented 
by Major Ferguson's consum- 
ing passion for polo, through 
which be formed a close 
friendship with Prince Philip, 
and he is now the Prince of 
Wales's polo manager. If be is 
not at home, in the village of 
Dimmer, outside Basingstoke, 
the Major can almost certainly 
be found at the Guards' Polo 
Clnb at Windsor. 

For Major Ferguson, the 

polo connection proved a dou- 
ble-edged sword, .Fourteen 
years ago he and Sarah's 
mother, Susan, separated; she 
has since married Hector 
Barratries, a wealthy Argen- 
tine polo player. 

He enlisted in General 
Galtierfs army during the 
Falklands war, hot apparently 
took no active part. Tie couple 
now live at Trenque Langhen, 

near Buenos Aires, and receive 
occasional visits from Sarah. 

Major Ferguson has since 
remarried and has three chil- 
dren, including a daffighter 
aged five months, by his 
second wife, also named Su- 
san. . . 

Born in a nursing home at 
27 Welbeck Street, London, 
on October 15. 1959, Sarah 
spent her early years at her 
parents' home at Lowwood, 
Sanmmghill, near Ascot, and 

enjoyed an academically un- 
distinguished career at two 
local boarding schools, 
DaneshOl and Hurst Lodge. 
Her father's position and her 
proximity to Win dsor m eant 
that she and her future hus- 
band played together as in- 
fants in the castle. 

After school she followed 
the career of a Sloane Ranger, 

equipped with the regulation 
Volkswagen Golf GTi car a 
spell at St James's secretarial 
college in South Kensington, 
followed by jobs in a flat- 
letting agency, a Coven! Gar- 
den art gallery, a sports public 
relations agency, and new at a 
graphic arts company in the 
West End. 

She is said to enjoy horses, 
in which the Prince shows a 
moderate interest, to be an 
accomplished skfier, which the 
Prince is not, and to have no 
interest in photography, the 
Prince's current passion. They 
are on common ground in that 
neither has played, nor is ever 
likely to play, polo. 

The fires of royal romantic 
speculation, ever ready to be 
stirred by the merest breeze of 
gossip, were fanned to a roar 
last Jane when Miss Ferguson 
appeared with Prince Andrew 
in the royal box at Ascot 

She had been invited to 
Windsor by the Queen during 
Ascot week, when the Sover- 
eign bolds informal open 
house to many personal 

Since then Miss Ferguson 
has suffered, as Diana Spea- 
eer suffered, from a pack of 
photographers tailing ter 
wherever she goes. She is, 
however, an expert driver, and 

has proved adept at escape in 
her fast bine BMW car. 

Under the Royal Marriages 
Act, members of the Queen' s 
family in line of succession to 
the throne have to obtain ter 
permission to marry. But the 
Queen harbours an equal, 
though less formal, concern 
that p re vious partners of ei- 
ther party should not cash m 
on tte liaison and hawk ^ss 
and tell" revelations around 
Fleet Street or to foreign 

Today’s events 

RovaJ engagements 

The Queen nolds an Investi- 
ture at Buckingham Palace, II. 

The Duke of Edinburgh at- 
tends the 400th Anniversary 
Dinner of the Company of 
Watermen and Lightermen at 
Fishmongers' Hall. EC4. 7.30. 

The Prince of Wales. Presi- 
dent. Scottish Business in the 
Community , visits the office of 
the Ardrossan - Saltcoats - 
Stevenston Enterprise Trust. 21 
Green Sl Saltcoats. Ayrshire. 
3.05: and then visits the 
Ardrossan Business Centre, 66 - 
80 Glasgow Sl Ardrossan. Ayr- 
shire. 4.30. 

Princess Anne Visits the 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,996 

There appears to be satis- 
faction that Sarah Ferguson 
presents no such danger. Her 
pterions boyfriends an not 
thought to be tte type who 
would do such a thing. It is 
worthy of note, however, that 
Prince Andrew's most cele- 
brated former partner. Miss 
Koo Stark, who was thought 
by his father to be a most 
unsuitable malrii, has kept a 
loyal and absolute silence. 

Second sons have 
become king 

Although it Is onfikely, the 
Queen and her advisers most 
bear in mind tte possibility of 
Prince Andrew becoming king. 
He ties fourth in succession, 
with the Prince of Wales and 
the young Princes- William 
and Henry ahead of him. 

Yet twice fat the history of 
the House of Windsor has the 
second son of tte monarch 
succeeded; King George V 
ascended tte throne after his 
elder brother, died young, and 
King George VI accedednnihe 
abdication of bis elder brother 
Edward VHI. 

Prince Andrew will continue 
his full-time career as a naval 
officer, and in the immediate 
future, his tour of duty on 
HMS Brazen complete, he can 
look forward to a summer 
ashore, attending a lieut- 
enant's course at the Royal 
Naval College, Greenwich, 
just as his father didst the 
time of his own marriage in 

Tradition suggests that the 
couple will be created Duke 
and Dnchess of York, that 
dukedom being reserved for 
the monarch's second son. The 
Queen was born Elizabeth of 
York, her father having held 
the title until propelled unwill- 
ingly to the throne by tte 

Tradition also suggests tint 
their eventual home will be 
Clarence House, at present 
occupied by tte Queen Moth- 

Miss Ferguson on her way to work yesterday (Photograph: Julian Herbert)! 

amum uumuvu wv— — 

tten- grammar in a textbook, 
which taught them to r eci te: 
Baba ab dad, munan nan 
dad- Daddy gave us water. 
Mummy gave ns bread: A 
new edition of the volume- 
has been published in Tehran 
in. which- the phrases, have 
been changed. Baba khdon 
dad it says now. Manual m 
dad - Daddy gave his wood, . 
M umm y gave her life. . 

In the Weft, it would be 

calkdbram-washing-'Hven m 

die early 1980s, the school- 
children of the revolaapn 
were - urged '.to- be junfor 

Teachers would sometimes 
appear in class and hold up a 
bottle ofbnown. liquid with a 
familiar label -The ambitious 
but less thoughtful children 
who bdd up their hands to 
identify; the whisky would, 
then be asked if they.had seen 
a battle ai home. Things are 
I res severe how that middle- 
class political opposition has 
been liquidated. . . -• . 

Chador at school _ 
for five-year-old 

_ki a north Tehran house, a 
woman slowly turns tte pages 
of a family photograph al- 
bum. She pornts -to a snap- 
shot of a handsome yotmg 
' man in a brown shirt. “He 
vns in the opposition, and 
they arrested. him. They 
killed him, ” she says simply. 

The young man in the 
picture seems to come alive, 
when she speaks, leaning 
forward towards the camera, 

. one arm draped round his 
sster’s shoulder, tte other m 
■ a gentle way'" around his 
mother. “His mother never 
got over it," says the woman. 

‘Her young daughter- is 
watching in silence. She- is. 

perhaps five years old, a peat, 

cheerful little giri witit flttfly 
brown tear and a pixie smile. 
“She wears a c h ad o r to 
school," her mother says. 

“Fereshteh. let's see wtei t 
vou look like when yon go to 
schooL" Feresbteh runs into 
her bedroom and emerges in 
a kind of mourning, tend. to. 

ri, her round- face smiling , ,; 4 * 
^congruously from the dark- ■'£ * • 
ness. Then she becomes seri- 
ous and walks slowly back to 
the bedroom to become a $ *.. ; 
child again. J 

There is a son of accep-y. /T*- 
tance. seven years after, tte 
revolution, even among those ' g- 
who cannot comprehend . r , 
what has come to pass. On a r 
windy railway platform, a 
civil engineer pauses between ; • 
words as te tries to grasp the 
distance that separates him .*** 
from his own countrymen. "I 
do not understand these pco- 
pie who say they want to die. 

I: never knew people - like 

this What can you say to i- , 

these people?* 

- “These people" make no 
secret of their, desaes. Sog- * . 
ging through tte mud down 
row Kenan- .river where the 
pontoon bridge slops .in. thel .. 
water behind the Iranian gun 
line, ttey will treat you to 
lectures on- martyrdom, the 
promise of paradise, oai their 
spiritual as wdl as ^ moral 
advantages over ban's -ene- 
mies. • * 

They really believe, m the 
sense that Europe's most 
fanatical - religious reformers 
believed in the "sixteenth 
centurV. They point to the 
corpse of an Iraqi soldier cm 
dean ra half by rocket fire, 
the top of his body piled 
neatly on top of his legs. His 
distended tend fa wearing a 
wedding ring; “This is what 
wewfll do to Saddam," one of 
them says. 

There is nothing exclusive , r 
about what he says. “1 do not £*- 
like Ithis. wretched 
government," a Tehran uni- 
versity lecturer tdls you. 

^But I support this, war 
a gainst Saddam. He invaded . 
my. country. " We will make 
Him pay. .for. t hat.- The 
iecmrerVargmncnt strays lat- v- :. 

daily, including the West in 
Iran's list, of wartime ene- 
mies. “Yon know, we would 
not hate America if ft) many 
of us had not been killed at 
the time^ of tte revolutionT 
lte says.“AroericacOiitn)aed 
the' Stab. Now it controls ' 
Saddam Husain." . ‘ - 

Robert Fisk ! -: 

,& T ■ 
v i. .*•? * 


Fourways Assessment Centre, 
Tvldesley. Greater Manchester, 

1 f.45; and then opens Osborne - 
Court Wigan Rd, Atherton, 
Greater Manchester, 1.25; and 
later opens the new Stuart Edgar 
Development on the South Lan- 
cashire Industrial Estate, 
Greater Manchester, —30 

New exhibitions 
British Art 1940 to 1980; 
MacLaurin Art Gallery, Rcrzelle 
Park. Monument Rd. Ayr. Mon 
to Sat 1 1 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
April 13). 

Pictures for Kitchens; The 
Original Picture Shop. 33 
Mo 5 sop St SW3: Tues to Fri 1 1 
to 7. Sat 10 to 4 (ends March 29) 
New paintings, sculpture and 

architectural enamels by Stefan 
Knapp; Grabdwski Gallery. 284 
Sloane Ave, SW3; Mon to Sat 1 1 
to 9 fends November 30). 

The Print Show, etchings, 
screen prints, Knoprints and 
woodcuts; Grape Lane Gallery, 
Low Petergate. York; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 5 (ends May 17). 

Music , . 

Recital by the Takacs String 
Quartet Common Room of The 
Law Society, Chancery Lane, 
EC 1:6.30. 

Concert by the Marie Laumer 
Jazz Quartet Royal Festival 
Hall. 12.30. 

Concert by the London Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra. Mahler; 
Royal Festival Hall, 7.30. 

Concert by the Allegri String 
Quartet Queen Elizabeth Hall 
1 . 10 . 

Concert by London Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra, Klaus 
Tennstedt (conductor); South 
Bank. SE1, 7.30. 

Concert (jazz) with Dave 
Holland, Elvin Jones, Albert 
MangelsdorfT and John Surman; 



1 Feller has furniture stored 
awav bv house-builder 
( 10)1 

9 Hard to prohibit return of 
Biblical landowner, no sales- 
man ( 6 ). 

10 Exemplary soldier has leg 
broken b> Varsity man in 
fun ( 8 ). 

11 Tuneful Chopin miscellany 
with introductory note - 
top class ( 8 ). 

12 Capital invested in Czecho- 
slovakia? (4). 

13 Joined together but utterly 
distinct ( 1 0 ). 

IS Too much trouble for ref in 
action (7). 

17 Prospcro's brother named 
after Venetian merchant? 


20 Treacherous rock in lake 

( 10 ). 

21 Sent out to a den of thieves, 
perhaps (4). 

23 Sacrifice a little distance 
with a lot of trouble and 
start to experiment ( 8 ). 

25 Bov gets money. I hear, by 
writing verse ( 8 ). 

26 Creed with subtle points 16 ). 

27 Pape on close .terms with 
eastern orange girl 1 10 ). 


2 University acts, indicating 
policy reversals 1 1-5). 

3 FI ashman's away to start 

game (5.3). - - - - 

4 One’s surrounded by queer 
people, considering ( 10 ). 

5 Her bet is about to make a 
clear profit (7). 

6 To chip stones sounds some 
game (4). 

7 A superfluity of Jacobins 

( 8 ). 

8 Pusillanimously withdraw 
report of successful batch mg 

12 Old scholar’s terms for 
“fixations” ( 10 ). 

14 Vehicle for sale? (10). 

16 Engineers (two militaty. one 
civil) used to manufacture 
hats once ( 8 ). 

18 Obtain decoration or title, 
not without official lead ( 8 ). 

19 Td put up with numters of 
every de&cripuon (7). 

22 In Rome, clue for a little 
copper god ( 6 ). 

24 That French back is a smart 

type! (4). 

Solution to Puzzle No 16,995 

as n n ra a a s 
a a- □ 0 ta n ca n 
h a m a o 
■ is .s -a a ; /b a-- 
HHDGHnaa- asEoaii 
a • s- -• a • a - •• s 
as h p 

iHjsnnn EinainninEe 

a- g a :n n a a n 

■ -^idE3Ct3t373f3[3Snnn 

Concise Crossword, Page 14 

gar Sq,WC2, 1.05. 

Concert by the Gainsborough 
Trio, including Beethoven's 
Archduke Trio; Dulwich Picture 
Gallery, College Rd, SE2 1 ; 8 pm. 

Organ recital by Catherine 
Ennis; St Lawrence Jewry, 
Guildhall Yard, EC2. 1pm. 

Organ recital by Jeremy 
Walbank; St Katherine Cree 
Church, EC3 1.05. 

Talks and lectures 

VDU Based Ship Control and 
Navigation System by K Miller; 
UWIST, Colum Drive. Cardiff; 

Late-Medieval Scottish King- 
ship and its Legacy in Early- 
Modern Britian; University 
College of London, Gower St, 
WCI. 5.30. 

French and English 13th Cen- 
turv cnanuscrips by Penelope 
Wallis: The British Museum, 
Great Russell SL WC2. 12.30. 

Arms and Armour as Art by A 
Vescy Norman; Highgaie Lit- 
erary and Scientific Institution. 
11 South Grove. N 6 .S. 15. ' 


The Weasel Family: lecture 
and film; Natural History Mu- 
seum. SW7, 3pm. 

1986 Camden Festival; 
information; 01 388 1394. 

Jonathan Swift: No Counlry 
for Old Men (film): The British 
Librarv. Great Russel! Street 


Births; Grover Cleveland. 
22nd ( 1 885-89) and 24th ( 1 893- 
97) President of the USA, 
Caldwell, New Jersey. 1837; 
Stephen Malarm&. poet Paris. 
1 842; Nikolay Rimsky- 
Dursakov (old style Mar 6 ). 
Tikhvin. Russia. 1844; Rudolf 
DieseL inventor of the diesel 
internal combustion engine, 
1858; Neville Chamberlain, 
Prime Minister. 1937-40. Bir- 
mingham. 1 869: Wilfred Owen. 
poeL Oswestry. Shropshire, 

Deaths: Robert Walpole. 1st 
Earl of Orford. statesman. Lon- 
don" I74S; Laurence Sterne, 
author of Tratrrun Shandy. 
London. 1 768: Faronk L Kingof 
Egypt. 1936-52. Rome. 1965; 
Edward the Martyr. King of the 
English (975-78) was murdered 
at Cone. Dorset, 978. 

Yugoslavia Onr 

Rates for small denonrinanon bank notes 
only as suppVed by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers' 
cheques and other foreign currency 

RetaB Price (ndts 379L9 
London: The FT Index dosed down 1J3 



L U Piste 


Soweu 100 200 good 

Rrm. good skiing on piste 


Kitzbuh^ 30 95 fair 

Worn patches on lower slopes 


Rama 95 205 good 

Good skiing above 2000 metres 
LesArcs 120 180 good 

- Good sklng above 2000 metres 
Tignes 175 280 good 

Good skiing everywhere 
VaiThorens 110 170 good 

Good skflng on upper pistes 


C Montana 90 160 good 

Good skiing 

Gstssd 10 90 good 

Good spring skiing 
Saas-Fee 120 240 good 

StH very good skiing 
Verbfer 40 210 good 

Worn patches on lower slopes 
Zermatt 80 195 good 

Good piste skiing 

In the above reports, supplied by reprs 
Britain, L refers to lows' slopes ana U ■ 

varied good fine 

heavy fair fine 

heavy fair fine 

spring fair fate 

powder good sun 

varied good fine 

sentatives of the Std Club of Great 
to upper, and art to artifldaL 


TUESDAY MARCH ,18 1986 ;i 




FT 30 Share 
1357.7 (-3.0) 

1622.6 (-1J8) 

USM f Dataslreai) 



US dollar 

1 .4645 (- 0 . 003 ) 

AW German mark 

&2922 (- 0 . 0244 ) 


74.0 (- 03 ) 

BL board likely to back 
Land Rover bid by GM 

cash call 

Associated Newspapers has 
revealed that the cost of its 
plans to modernize produc- 
tion facilities forits national 
newspapers will be £130 mfl- 

- - The gr o up is to raise £29.6 
million through a one-for-ten 
rights issue of 122. million 
ordinary shares at 250p each. 
The balance mil . come from 
its Own resources and bank 
loans. Tdnpns, page 23 

Jourdan leaps 

Thomas Jourdan, the hold- 
ing company with interests 
ranging from Mary Quant 
royalties- to roan 
fireplaces, pushed pretax 
its up by 62 per cent to £l~35 
million last year. Tempos, 
page 23 

Agency jumps 

Davidson Pearce, the adver- 
tising agency, made pretax 
profits of £226 million last 
year, up from £1.7 million in 
1984. The final dividend is 
l.Spnet Tempos, page 23 

No appeal 

. Argyll has decided against 
pursuing its legal challenge to 
Guinness's rival £2.4 billion 
bid for Distillers, the whisky 
group, Th& proceedings were 
holding up a decision by the 
Office of Fair Trading on 
whether to refer the new 
Guinness bid and Argyll said 
it wanted to speed up the 
takeover. .... 

Denial by Dee 

Qee Corporation^ refused- to 
codnaeat yesterday on ir&pjis; 
that it .“was. considering a 
takeover bad Ibr WiJSlfcoithij 
However, market sdmws bo--, 
gan to-dismiss the possibility 
of a £1,000 million bid from 
Dee, leaving Wool worth’s 
shares (town 3p at 603p- ' 

Seed choice 

Lazard Brothers has. been 
appointed by Government to ' 
look into the feasibility of 
privatizing the National Seed 
Development Organization 
and part of the Plant Breeding 

Asda chief 

Mr David Donne, chairman 
of Dalgety, is to succeed Mr 
Nod Stockdale as chairman of 
Asda-MFI Group on October 

N Sea output 

Britain's North Sea oP out- 
put averaged about 2.72 mil- 
lion barrets a day last month, 
compared with January's 2.77 
million, according to prelimi- 
nary estimates by Petroleum 

Cavenham vote 

A resolution to place 
Cavenham into voluntary liqui- 
dation has been passed. Share- 
holders representing' 81.52 per 
cent of the total votes capable of 
being exeidsed voted in favour. 

Dove bought 

W3Uam CoDins has acquired 
Dove Communications of Mel- 
bourne. Dove win merge with 
Collins’s liturgical interests and 
tract as Coffins Dove. 

BHP stake 

Broken Hill. Proprietary of 
Australia said it controls 23.8- 
million. Bell Resources shares, 
or 24.7 per cent of the capitaL 

The board oif BL meets 
today to deride on which of- 
the bids it prefers for the 
takeover of Land Rover Ley- 
land subsidiary. The Govern- 
ment is expected to make a 
final choice before Easter. 

While General Motors re- 
mains the sole bidder for the 
entire subsidiary, the Cabinet 
committee set up to consider 
BL’s privatization has been 
looking favourably on the 
prospect of a management-led 

By Edward Townsend,- Indostrial Correspondent 

have- changed, however, fol- 
lowing Government pressure 
and the weekend news that 
-Ford is to merge its heavy 
truck operations in Europe 
with that of Iveco, the Fiat 
commercial vehicle company. 

. Ford has apparently told the 
Government that there will be 
no job losses at the Langley 
plant in - Buckinghamshire 
where about 1,500 are em- 
ployed on heavy truck produo- " 

Mr Ray Horrocks, the chair- 
man of BL.Cars and a main 
board director, said last week 
that his preference was for a 
GM takeover and he poured 
cold water on the efforts of his 
colleague, Mr David Andrews, 
to pul together a buyout 
Other bidders include -Mr 
Roland “Tiny" Rowlands’ s 
Lonrho group. 

Meanwhile, BL confirmed 
yesterday that it had received 
-another expression of interest 

for Land Rover from Lanca- 
shire Enterprises, a job cre- 
ation company founded by the 
county council. It wants to 
buy Leyland Vehicles and 
Leyland Parts, 

GM, which owns 66 per 
cent of Lotus, the British 
sports car company, has an- 
nounced plans to raise pro- 
duction from 800 to 10,000 
cars a year which could result 
in a doubling of the present 
workforce within 18 months. 

buyout for Land-Rover fot _ . 

Fiat and Ford truck merger nearer 

kept British. 0 

The m a n a ge ment of Ley- 
land has given its frill support 
to the- GM takeover and the 
BL board is likely to take the 
same view. 

GM has made public its 
insistence that without Land 
Rover it is not interested in 
acquiring the Leyland Vehi- 
cles arm of BL Its view may 

Turin (Reuter)-— Fiat of 
Italy and Ford of Europe are 
dose to announdng an agree- 
ment to merge their - truck 
making interests. The venture 
would rival West Germany's 
Daimler-Benz, a Fiat repre- 
sentative said. 

The official declined to say 
when the agreement, involv- 
ing flat's Iveco division and 

Ford's European trucks sub- 
wonu be announced 

But sources dose to Fiat 
said the agreement was proba- 
bly no more than a month 
away from completion. 

The soarces said that under 
the deal the two companies 
would jointly' control the 
merged business through a 48' 

per cent stake in a London- 
based holding company. The 
remaining 4 per cent would be 
held by a British merchant 

A similar formula was con- 
sidered but abandoned by Fiat 
and Ford last year when the 
two companies discussed 
merging their European car 
manufacturing operations. 

Morgan Grenfell up 40% 
as merger income soars 

By Richard Thomson, Ranking Correspondent 

Morgan Grenfell, the. mer- 
chant bank, yesterday an- 
nounced a 40 per cent suige in 
pretax profits after a sharp rise 
in its fee income, helped by the 
central role the bank is playing 
in the wave of mergers and 
acquisitions in the City. . 

However, Lord. Catto, the 
chairman, said that the bank 
Was unlikely to seek a Stock 
Exchange quotation or 'a link 
with- another company in its 
quest for capital alter the 
collapse two weeks ago of its 
merger talks with Exco, the 
money broker. .. 

Morgan Grenfell's pretax 
profit for 1985 after, transfers 
to inner reserves increased to 
£54 .5, million from £38.8 mil- 
lion. . 

Lord Catto said that fee 
income now produced three 
quarters of the bank's -profits 
w it h a growin ^conm bution 

where income has doubled 
over the past two years. Mor- 
gan Grenfell gave advice oil 93 
completed mergers and 
aquisitions last year, with an 
aggregate value of £8.8 billion. 

The groupwants to raise 
about £100 million in new 
equity, probably from existing 
shareholders, to underpin its 
plans for growth after the big 
bang. It was unlikely. Lord 
Catto said, to raise' that 
amount in one tranche. 

“We are not having conver- 
sations with Exco and we are 
not considering a link with 

another company at the 
moment," he added “We will 
have to look at other ways of 
raising capital but options 
other than approaching exist- 
ing shareholders are not appar- 
ent at present" 

Lord Catto denied reports 
that Morgan Grenfell was hav- 
ing talks with United States 
braksorwithJ Rothschild, the 
investment company. But the 
bank may also seek further 
loan capital in the form of 
perpetual floating rate notes. 

The bank signalled its need 
for more capital when it 
entered into merger talks with 
Exco, which would have 
brought the hank £350 million 
in cash, but the move was 

Fleet St 
plan given 

By Judith Huntley 

r The'. Daily Telegraph's 
printing works in Fleet Street 
are to be redeveloped with a 
285-foot-high skyscraper, pro- 
viding 25(1000 sqft of offices 
in a 26-storey braiding. 

Rothesay Developments, 
toe little-known private prop- 
erty company, bought the she 
from the newspaper group in . 
1984 for an undisclosed son. 

It has now obtained pla»- 
nrng permission for the tower 
from the freeholder of the site, 
the Corporation of the City of 

The existing Daily- Tele- 
graph offices will remain, 
housing the newspaper's jour- 
nalists and administrative of- 
fice. Bid; the printing works 
are due to move to the Isle of 
Dogs in Docklands next year. 

The Daily Telegraph will 
lease back its offices from the 
developer and will share a 
small part of the development 

Rothesay says the new tow- 
er win have a value of £100 
milfwm . It is possible that a 
City bank wfli move to Fleet 
Street or that a firm of lawyers 
or accountants will take die 
space in an area that is seeing 
a boom in office demand and 

The Rang in g face of Fleet Street a model of the tower 

Retail sales level off since autumn 

Ret?! I sales appear to have 
flattened out since the au- 
tumn, according to official 
figures released yesterday, 
-writes David Smith. 

Sales volume edged up by 
0.1 per cent last month, after 
dipping in January, but re- 
mains below levels recorded 
in the latter part of 1985. 

The index of retail sales 



Dow J ones - 1773.95 (-18J0] 

SwSdow 1465S.52{-&95) 

Commerzbank 2091.19*3-21) 


§£*»«* 909.40 lunch) 


$35230-353.00 (£24050- 

NwVo*- : • ‘ 

Com«£35l 00-351-50 




Boots — 


Ladbroke 338p down 9p 

Cambridge Beet _ 303p down 12p 


Assoc News 288p down 7p 



2:51.4645 .. 
£DMa 2922 ; 
£SwFi 2.7555 
£: FFr10.1124 
£ Yen257:i6 
£ tndex:74.0 
$: DM2L248Q 
5: Index: 116-7 
KU £1^256-15285 
SDR £1.15458 . 


loaOwc - 


buyuig rate 

Prime Rate 9 - 

volume was 117.1 (1980*100) 
last month, compared with 
1 17 in January and 1173 in 

In the latest three months, 
sales have risen by 1 par cent 
compared voth the previous 
three-month period, and by 3 
per cent in comparison with 
the December-February peri- 
od a year ago. 

One possibility, in the first 
two months of this year, is that 
consumer spending has been 
diverted away from items of 
expenditure included wi thin 
the retail sales figures.- 

Credii advances for car 
purchases, which are not in- 
cluded in the figures, were 
particularly strong in January, 

Hanson has 
21% of 


Hanson Trust had received 12 
per cent acceptances by last 
Friday's closing date in its £2.5 
billion bid for Imperial Group. 
Combined with 9 per cent 
bought by Hanson associates, 
Hanson now controls 21 per 

The offer has been extended 
until Friday to mairii the first 
dosing dare of United Biscuits’ 
rival £2.56 billion bid Mr 
Martin Taylor, a director of 
Hanson, said the company was 
encouraged by the result, as 
institutions normally made their 
decisions at the end of a bid 
He said that Hanson's all- 
paper offer of dares and con- 
vertible Sock was worth 367p a 
share at Hanson’s dosing price 
yesterday of I79p, c o m p ared 
with United Biscuits’ cash and 
paper offer worth 335p. 
Hanson’s cad and paper oner 
was worth 332p._lmperial dosed 
at 333p 

Sir Hector Laing, chaimian of 
United Biscuits, said the level of 
acceptances mist be disappoint- 
ing to Hanson.“Despite the 
inflated price of Hanson Trust 
shares, winch have so unexpect- 
edly risen in the last three wixks, 
UB remains better value for 
Imperial shareholder." 

United Biscuits owns 14.9 per 
cent of ImperiaL UB sharehold- 
ers today decide at an extraordi- 
nary meeting whether to bade 
their board's ted for ImperiaL 
Proxies received so far are 
understood to be overwhelming- 
ly in favour. 

Imperial, which is recom- 
mending the UB bid, said it was 
delighted by the level erf' 
Hanson's acceptances. It suggest- 
ed that the real lewd of accep- 
tances was nearer 7 per cent, as 
institutions friendly to Hanson, 
who could retract their accep- 
tances, made up the other 5 per 

The Hanson bid has passed 
the 42nd day, allowing share- 
bokfcis to withdraw acceptances. 

The Office ofEair Trading has 
yet to pronounce on whether the 
UB-imperial merger win escs 
a competition reference af 
Imperial’s sale to Dalgety of 
Golden Wonder. A decision is 
expected by Friday or early next 

BET sale 

BET has sold its South African 
crane-hire subsidiary. Grayston 
Ram Hire, to its main South 
African competitor, Johnsons 
Crane Hire, part of Joncrane, in 
return for cash and a 19 percent 
interest in Joncrane. 

Thom deal 

Thom EMI has arranged a 
sale and lease back of almost all 
its fleet of over 13,000 vehicles. 

A revolving facility for £40 
million been arranged by 
Kleinwon Benson. 

Hopes rise for production 
pact by Opec ministers 

The- prospect of the 13 oil 
ministers of the Organization 
of Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
tries reaching agreement on 
sharing output to meet world 
-demand, and sending prices 
upwards, has been improved 
on the eve of the Budget. 

Opec has called for a new 
detailed examination of likely 
world oil demand in 1986. 
broken down on a quarter-by- 
quarter basis. This is being 
interpreted as a sign that the 
producers are looking at a 
system of quarterly output 
quotas tied to world demand, 
as well as at the seasonal 
•revenue needs of member 

A united from agreement on 
Such a deal would, have an 
immediate firming effect on 

From David Young, Geneva 

world oil prices,. which have 
been sliding since Opec mem- 
bers gathered in Geneva on 

Mr Marck Rich, the interna- 
tional oil trader, who has been 
monitoring the Geneva meet- 
ing, said that he felt prices 
could move to $1 5 a barrel. 

Opec has adjourned its min- 
isterial session until today, 
when it will hear a report from 
its advisers, who have been 
told to come up with a 
detailed and accurate assess- 
ment of world demand. 

.Although such a report was 
presented on Saturday by the 
Opec market monitoring com- 
mittee, it is felt within Opec 
that a more detailed analysis is 
required so that proposals can 

be considered in time for 

tomorrow’s Opec meeting 
with several non-member oil 
producing countries which, it 
hopes, will co-operate in re- 
straining production. 

In addition, there is a 
feeling within Opec that, if it 
displays a readiness to reach 
an agreement on lower quotas, 
producers such as Britain and 
Norway will be under further 
pressure to co-operate in re- 
straining output, possibly by 
extended maintenance shut- 
downs on North Sea platforms 
this summer. 

However, until an agree- 
ment emerges - and Opec 
insists that it will have to be 
unanimous — the price war 
will continue. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Lawson robs Peter 
to pay Paul 

Today's Budget ought to be 
straightforward. It is not, barring the 
unforeseen, a pre-election budget in 
which the high level of unemploy- 
ment and the political imperative of 
major tax cutting would the dominat- 
ing factors. The Chancellor of the 
Exchequer will rise to his feet, 
conscious that business activity is 
high, government finances are under 
control and the rate of inflation is low 
and falling. His only serious problem 
arises from the collapse in world oil 
prices which has robbed the Ex- 
chequer of making the kind of tax 
cuts this year that would rally the 
troops behind him and help raise the 
Tory Party’s drooping spirits. 

Taking a line through forecasts 
made last year, this year's pro forma 
budget should have given Mr. 
Lawson £3.5 billion, which he would 
have been free to use either in 
reducing taxes or in increasing public 
spending. A year ago The Treasury 
was looking fordtax revenue from the 
North Sea in 1 986-87 of £ 11 .5 billion. 
Although the Treasury did not reveal 
the dollar price of oiI(nor the the 
sterling/dollar exchange rate) it had 
used in making this estimate, it is a 
safe bet that it was not anything like 
S 1 4 a barrel. If the Treasury was using 
the current oil price (and say an 
exchange rate of $ 1.10-$ 1.20), it 
would be looking to North Sea 
revenues of the order of £5 billion, 
not £1 1.5 billion. Although one can 
add a touch here and there to the 
arithmetic, the outcome of the fkll in 
oil prices in broad terms is that the 

projected £3.5 bilion of largesse for 
distribution tomorrow has dis- 
appeared. The room for net tax cuts 
does not exist. 

That of course is not the end of the 
story. While ddprevented from mak- 
ing major cuts in income tax this 
year. Mr.Lawson will proceed to rob 
Peter in order to pay PauL Increases 
in indirect taxes will be greater than 
the 1985 inflation rate would require 
and the obvious way of redistributing 
extra revenue from petrol and to- 
bacco is to raise income tax allow- 
ances by a greater margin than 
required by the indexing rules. 

There are numerous variations in 
the Peter-Paul game but the one that 
most closely concerns the City is the 
widely bruited new tax on financial 
services, perhaps coupled with a 
punitive expedition by the Inland 
Revenue against those who have 
been changing jobs at very high 
salaries and transfer fees. 

Reducing the cost of transactions 
in securities is perhaps the most 
important single helpful act the 
Government can perform for the City 
in advance of Big Bang (set for 
Octobdr 27). Thge London Stock 
Exchange has traditionally worked, 
and prospered, on a low volume.high 
mark up principle. As the two other 
major international markets have 
demonstrated, volume responds to 
price in terms of market activity. If 
London is to become the third 
significant international securities 
market, it must attract a significantly 
higher volume of trading. 

Nifs, rufs and rule-making 

International banking supervision 
has undergone a qualitative change 
with yesterday's publication of the 
Basle Committee^ report on off- 
balance-sheet risk. It is the first time 
that bank regulators have seriously 
attempted to taclde an international 
problem more or less as it arises 

The need for a new set of rules to 
govern off-balance-sheet exposures 
arose because much of the off- 
balance-sheet business now being 
done by-banks-is itself entirely new. 
Options and swaps, nifs and rufs and 
a small arsenal of other instruments 
.are inventions which traditional 
banking regulations were never de- 
signed to cover. They are indirect 
risks which have the merit of making 
no impact on banks's capital ade- 
quacy ratios. At the same time, the 
decline of traditional banking busi- 
ness has prompted international 
banks to embrace the new business 
with an enthusiasm that has worried 

That it has taken ‘them less than 
two years to formulate a new 
regulatory approach to' the new 
market is evidence of the growing 
maturity of international regulation. 

The success of the off-balance- 
sheet exposure rules may, however, 
turn out to be patchy. The committee 
states that one chief aim of its 
proposals is to reduce competitive 

inequalities in the rules of different 
countries. The Bank of England was 
the first to impose risk weightings for 
off-balance-sheet risk, for example, 
but this put UK banks at a compet- 
itive disadvantage with banks of 
countries where no limits existed. But 
the committee does not specify risk 
weightings - these are left up to the 
supervisiors of each country to 
determine. There may be broad 
agreement on what these should be — 
but then again, there may not.’ 

The crucial- message of the pro- 
posals is directed at least as much at 
banks themselves as at their super- 
visors. A central worry of the 
committee is that many second rank 
banks are undertaking new and fancy 
risks without understanding fully 
what they are doing. This is all the 
more damaging at a time when bank 
credit ratings are falling as a result of 
the poor performance of their tra- 
ditional business. The Committee’s 
guidlines are designed partly as a kind 
of handbook defining exactly what 
constitutes an off-balance-sheet risk 
and where the risk itself lies. But it is 
also a warning to banks to ensure that 
they have adequate management and 
control structures to cope with the 
new business before they .become 
over-exposed by mistake. It remains 
to be seen whether the supervisors, 
for all their speed, have acted fast 



More than just a 


Alexanders Laing ' 

& Cruickshank Holdings Ltd \ 

rcr turtr>& inramofcn hk eanttef Anr^n, 


* mat C* iNVf Atut’It 0 itJ.i*.ii D'.M-'SV ” p TmC 

Mercantile House Croup 


£ Jf 





New York (Renter) - Wall 
Street stocks held on to their 
gains yesterday as investors 
responded enthusiastically to 
a large 1.6 per cent drop in 
February producer prices, 
traders said. 

The prices news tends to 
confirm that tow inflation 
which has spun-ed stocks to 
present levels remains a fac- 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average soared 59.03 points to 

a record 1792.74. It was also 

its biggest one-week rise, a 
gain of 90 points. 

Advancing issues led declin- 
ing shares by 1,036 to 633. 

u We are riding the crest of a 
very powerful, emotional wave 
in this market,” Mr Eugene 
Peroni of Bateman Eicber, 
Hill Richards said. 

Mar Mar 
14 13 

Mar Mat 
14 13 

Mar Mar 

14 13 

AMR 49'» 

ASA 39' i 

A&ed&gna* Si ’a 

AJhetJStrs 75*? 

AlisCWmra 6 
Alcoa 45 * 

Ament Inc 14 

Am'rda Hs 19% 

Am Brands 87'- 

Am Brdcast nla 
Am Can 791, 
Am Cynm'd 70 
Am EIPwt 27% 
Am Express 89> 
Am Homs TT * 
Am Hospital n/a 
Am Motors 4*. 
Am St'nrt 46', 
AmTeleph 23L 

Amoco 59% 

ArmcoStMl 12 

Asarco 21 W 
Ashland 04 45v: 

At Richfield 52 
Avon Prods 32% 
Bios Tst NY 45 
BanKamer 17% 
8k at Bston 76% 
Bank or hY 62*. 
Beatrce Fds 48% 
Both Steal 21V 

487.- Exxon Corp 55'i 
37* Fed Dpt Sts 78 
51 'o Firestone 26 a 
75* FstCn*cago 91* 
6V FsttotBncp 63* 
44 * FaPennC 9* 
13V Fdfd 73% 

19 V FTWachva 43% 
85% GAFCorp STi 
n/a GTE Corp 52* 
78% Gan Corp 79V 
67* Gan Oy'mcs 79J4 
27V GenEiectnc 7B 
67V Genhist 20V 
7 7'f Gen Mite 80 
n/a Gen Motors 80V 
5 GnPbUtny 19% 
46 Ganesco 3* 
23V Georgia Pac 32* 
58* Giltota 65v 
11V Goodrich 43^ 
21% Goodyear 34V 
44 V Gauidlnc 27V 
52% Grace 49V 

31s GtAttATac 24 V 
43V Grhnd 36 

16 V GfumanCor 26V 
75V Guff & West 5&V 
62 Hama HJ. 39 
48V Hercules 46 
21% Htett'PKrd 44% 
52V HoneyweK 77% 
57V 1C I nos 44% 

1 Warner 31* 

57% I ingemo* 68 
30V I inland Steel 28' 

30V I Inter 
68V IBM 

Steel 28% 

Pfizer SBV 

Phelps Dge 29V 
PhikpMrs 118V 
Phdfips P« 10V 
Porarod 70% 
PPG bid 64'/, 
PrctrGmW 76 
Pb S E 8 G 36V 
Raytneon 62V 
RCA Corp 62» 
RynkJs Met 52* 
RockweMnt 42V 

Royal Dutch 71% 


Sara Lea 

Sch merger 
Scott Paper 
Sears RBCk 
Shell Trans 


Sth Cal Ed 
Sperry Corp 
SWOB Ohio 
Srarting Drg 
Sr wrens Jp 
S un Comp 
Texas E Cor 
Texas Hist 



tot Harvtr 



Texas UtOs 











Ini Paper 

Int Tel Tot 

64 ’a 


Travlrs Cor 




44 '■ 


TRW Inc 




Irving Bank 



UAL Inc 




Jhnsn A Jhn 

53 'b 


UnXtrar NV 




Kaiser Alum 






Kerr McGee 



Un Pac Cor 





K Man 









US Steel 


47 K 



L.T.V. Corp 
















Jim Walter 









58 ’a 


Lucky Sire 
Man H rtv#r 


SI ‘a 

wells Fargo 






10* 1 j 







3 Oh 








Manns Mid 






38 Vj 




Karox Corp 





3* >i 











Cn Nat Gas 50 
Cons Power 13V 
CmnDara 25* 
Corona (51 73V 

49% Merck 

13% Mmsta Mng 103V 


Coining GJ 73V 
CPC Irm n/a 

Crane 47V 
CmZeder 48 

Dart & Kraft 53V 
Deere 35 

Delta Air 40* 
Detrcnt Ed tg 
Ogitai Eg 168V 
Disney 35% 
Dow atom 52 

Dresser ind 18% 
Dixie Power 41 * 
DuPont 77 '-i 
Eastern Air 8* 
Estm Kodak 56% 
Eaton Coro 75 * 
Emerson El 88V 
Evans Prod n/a 

24V MotxIOil 29* 
73* Monsanto 60V 
n/a Morgan JP. 77V 
46* Motorola 44% 
45V NCR Corp 42V 
52 NLtoostrs 14V 
34 Nat Di stirs 41* 
4iv Nat Med Bit 23V 
13V NatSmcnat 14 
188V Norton, Sm 9tv» 
35V NW Bancrp 37V 
50* Occam Pet 24 V 

73 I Owens49 

8V Pac Gas B 22V 

Adit Ibi 
I AicnASum 
Can Pacific 
Gulf 01 
Hosn B Mm 
Im penal Oil 
In Pipe 
Ryl Trustee 

n/a 26 

n/a 47V 

n/a 17V 

n/a n/a 
n/a 18V 

n/a 12V 
n/a 24V 

n/a 27V 
n/a 29V 

n/a 46V 
n/a 39% 

56V Pan Am 8% 

74* Penney J.C. 66* 

87* Permzod 54* 

n/a Pepoco 85% 

n/a 285 
n/a 30* 

«£><*• #A»etf c f. ixannuMn a * MnViotaM th 

Steel Co 
Thmsn N ‘A’ 
Wlkr Hiram 

saa tats nrtttee 

n/a 75% 
n/a 27* 

n/a 27% 
n/a 27V 

n/a 14ft 


EHJ Cmw Craig 

But Offir Cling YU 

80 HoHanmast Bo. Boraamoutfi 0H8 SAL 
034$ 717373 lunnxei 

GW & FnM 1173 12*1# *25 9 ST 

Htgn Inc Equity 90 1 95 B +33 517 

Wonawto* Bond 1'69 >85 5# +04 512 
ImranOlM IS* I 163 3 *5 4 0 79 

A|yr Pacrfc 395 413 -35 303 

ASWuXEras 964 103 1 +35 163 

Carnal Raianw 6< 2 6> 5# -0 7 16* 

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Japan 646 491 +3 9 

UK Growth WC 864 950 .35 162 

Do Accum 126* 1359 +*S I 13 

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Amo Shumi Cos 

566 575 +02 043 

104 8 7119 +39 207 

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29 6 29 0 +0.5 7 45 

199 0 211 2 +76 *22 

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230 4 7*54 +67 268 

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125 5 1379 +50 433 

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80 5 85 7 +32 001 

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432 461 -0 4 0 58 

974 1019# +09 313 
57 8 61.7c -OS 5 82 

259 273 +14 1.75 

66 1 705c +16 050 

139 14 8 +02 039 

37.1 396 +03 1 13 

214 229 -13 499 

333 355 +06 1.99 

519 56 4e +29 . 

14 1 ISO +03 

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64 7 87 7 .414 

9-17 Pwrymoum Rd. Hsywards hm 
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Sacs Or »mer T« 705 2 2185 

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U5A iienct Trusr 326 1 345 7* +7 6 1 39 


The Sax* Eronange London EC2P 2JT 

01-588 2868 

131 Eeiaoury p i wn » n London EC2A iay 
01-628 9876 01-280 6540D/2/3 
ceonal Gro-ei Inc 57 0 609 +24 174 

DP ACCum 63 7 98 1 +£7 1 74 

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Do 6VWKnerewal 568 B05* +13 176 
France K Prooeny 57 2 61 1 +2.1 238 

G4 ( p n*a mcome 48 5 Si 0* +0 1 855 

DC Aocum 799 84. 1* +03 8 55 

Han Income Kerne 705 7S4* +33 520 
60 Accum 183 « 17* 7* +7 5 520 

Non Yield Income 88 8 733# +22 631 

Do Aceum 1766 1910# +55 &3i 

hm Accwn 69 1 719 +20 291 

DO S% WflhotuH 656 701 +16 251 

Managed FiM 572 603 -02 

Pretemnce Income 27 2 290 -0311 14 

DoAccun 84 B 905 +0811 14 

SnuOer Co S Aceue 137 7 1472 *59 7 34 

wood FNmny Sham 94 100 *01 >20 

Ponfoto Tk UK 750 777 +12 183 

oonfofeo In Juan 77 8 806 +5 0 010 

Porrtoko T« Ufi 724 760 +1Q104 

Portfofco Tel Eu+ooe 95 9 993 +39 010 

Portfolio Tel HK 370 383 -18 010 

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1888 1773 +59 478 

114 8 1199* +18 295 
1518 1565* +20 £1S 
ri02S 109* +0 46 275 

£1082 1155 +048 Z79 


125. >*9> Hokum. London WCiV 8PY 

01-241 l>48 

CS Japan Fund 683 7£7 +3 

1. Ojmojc V»». Wenttey. HA9 ONB 
01-902 8876 

Far East 
North American 

274 1 281 8 +7 8 £78 

3149 335.0 +104 418 

154 2 1634 +69 0 53 

1426 1517 +4 5 071 

100. Old Broad SL London EC2N 10O 


3 Glenhmes SL EOrtburcn EH3 6YY 
031-225 2581 I Deem 031-226 6056i 

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BG Aroenca 

BG Energy 
BG mcome Grwtn 
dO Jeoan 
BG Technology 

s 031-226 6056. 

3893 4066 125 

291 6 304 3* +>61 020 

Copra 1 Ol 3411 3591 

income a 770 6 2849 

Noon American 131 2680 282 2 


1 K*5) vwtiam SL EC4N 7AU 
01-623 83i* 

G* Trust 1029 103 74 

1952 207 6 1 68- 

35?. 6 3882 
1612 169 6 

1800 1703 +30 099 

116 7 1263 -2* 160 

181 7 193 3* +7 7 505 

134 7 1*34 +30 000 

167 0 177 0 +1 1 1 83 


25/25 Atwnnene £»**«. taw on wix aap 

01-491 0295 

7T unear wal EC2 106 
01-588 1815 

mv Fund 369 IS 4 43 

F.ud W 1396 1024 

Oeoos* 100 0 12.00 

77 Lcnoan was. Loncon EC2N 109 
07-588 >815 

ham 3510S 0 ..5 M 

Accun D00088 

Japan A General 
Hign income 
InwmonorW T«ual 

*9 5 




18 9 


+0 J 









7 71 

71 7 



1 12 



+ 1 4 

4 17 

19 8 

2 «2e 

+0711 11 


38 1C 

+ 10 



*7 8 



&U t Filed mi 15 6 2>2e ■ 

Oqnal Mirtett 356 38 1 C - 

Speca) SnuoMns **6 4? 8 

Unrenm House. 252. Ron tom Rd E7 
01-53* 55*4 


Herr oh Plom. BneW BS2 OJH 
0272 777719 

Gwural Eowy 37 ■ 385 

Eown Hhjn mcome 39 7 43 aw 
Gw i Fixed H sat 2S7 308 

ausi Accum 
Do Income 
Eimot TruU 
Extra Mcome 



Gw & FnreB IRC 
jjcon S Gan be 
Oo *«* 

Gicmvi necrri 
income Trust 

IMirt Trust 

Soeosl So/mons 

66 J 91 8 +18 227 

1316 1421 +3 6 18S 

954 1014 +18 195 

67 9 722# -24 305 

4209 44T7 +199 179 

704 740 +1S 546 

22* 3 2386 -6 1 3 n 

250 0 265 3# +80 321 
136 7 raj ae +SI 301 

534 559# +12 S/0 
1272 1353# +30 0*6 
1286 1368# +20 046 
1749 1860# +S9 251 
320 0 3404# +96 162 

770 619 +1 9 159 

Mde. SecunMs 235 25 1 

Amor Gramm 235 250 

japan Gramth 235 25 0 

European Grown 23 5 250 
G* 6 fi«*q l»C 215 250 

161 Qteepsoa. London EC2V 8EU 

01-726 IW 

sdocicj Sa+nuns 13*4 1429 *32 2*9 

"ICWT 179 9 1913 +65 263 

TrutM Fund 105 6 1125 +3 8 298 

Un* Tool *ccun 50 7 539 *0 5 0 80 

.00 MBrw SO* 536 *<7S 080 

NarUMoe Tnaa uo* 1*93 +za 1 14 

ffTst My Fund Acc 313 5 3335 +>28 332 

Doha 205 6 2187 +43 332 

Caws' Accum 26*8 2859 

Energy Tiuu 41 5 4 * 1 # 

Ertrj (ncame 153 8 183 6 

Fmenoei 1*1 7 150 7 

GcrSrajragjr 54 ? 564 

Groan InoranOT 27 * 9 292.4 
mane a Grar-m 391 415# 
JiDon+se s Paorc 120 7 1283 
ten nrma GrOMdi 100-2 1087 
Ml Recovery IDS 1 Ml 0 

SnulBr Cos 192 7 3049 # 

GkxwMcTw 53 5 5&S# 

100-2 1087 
lost mi e 
1927 3049 # 
53 5 543 # 

Uim Tech 4ccwt 


-wondueoe Trust 

Cnwn nouse. womn; GU2) UW 
0*682 5033 

hign mcome Trust 221 1 2365 
Owth Trust 215 6 230 6 # 

Amaneaii Tiusi 1261 13*9 


PO Bn> 156. Bao«irain Kent 0R3 ‘ 

01-858 9002 


Gfo+ei i Me 
Dp Accum 
Faer Jsan 
japan soeoai 
Japan 5unnye 

Frryt Smjsor COS 
Firm Eurapn 
F*yt N Amer 

50 0 534 
410 436# 
W6 «07 9 
618 664# 
933 1003# 
6*5 689 
828 685 
746 TS 7p 
El 7 883 
89 8 955 
502 536 

4 Memos QascsnL EdnanM 
031-224 3*32 

Anmncan Vma 70 1 751 

Captei F-jqd 672 93 

American Vrnd 70 1 750 +23 227 

Copeai Fjnd 67 2 933 +j 1 1 M 

Gm+in A mv Ftmd 127 1 1353# +S* 4 23 
H*jn OH F.«J 1008 1076 +3 4 828 

ImvTWnon# Fund 1788 ISO +37 1.1| 
Retpuree* Fung 

Snsr jeo CdS Fnfl 26 4 303 

I'iS 711c -02313 


59 Greenim Sl London EC2P 3J5 
01-606 *433 

To*yo Fimtf 120* 1288 

1E11 a™ |2l 1383 1433 

lE*l Japan Oi 61 6 8* 3 

|E.| Beahe 101 2190 22618 

1 Erl 5ma*sr Jap 1*1 187 8 M33 

Eurohma 2*0 256 

Manned me 
Euaueen me 
DO Accun 
General me 
Do Accun 
&0 Two UK 
te ACCU-n 
M^r> ri*«j me 

bo Accum 

Japan income 
Do Accum 
N »"9>«T Inc 

DO Accum 
bac-'-c rncume 
Do Accum 
Smw Cos me 

Od Accum 

M4 7 1221 +3 2 3 13 

60 ' 8*7 +0 6 1 3> 

S8 9 >03 6 -0 7 131 

1*70 1568 -56 337 

2WM 2123 -76 ar 

1122 !’S 1# .16 6 41 

1772 iBf +30 S*1 

BCS Kv: +: 6 6E6 

1576 1h76 .50 586 

02*2 52nil Ch " IW,,,,fl ”' 710 


day's range 

NYork 1.4600-1.4688 
MotareaJ 20391-^0*79 
Airs' flam3. 72 70-3.7564 
Brussate 67 56-8809 

Cphgwi 1222SZ-122676 
Di&S 1.0941-1.0989 
Frankfurt 3J004+131 80 
Lisbon 216^7+21586 
Madrid 20640-20955 
MllanM 224858-2266.63 
Oslo 10.4233-10.4806 
Parts 10.1530-10-2354 
St'ldilm 105589-10.6070 
Tokyo 257.64-260-22 
Vienna 23.17-2325 
Zixicti 27752-2-7931 

The American Stock Ex- 
change prices dosed higher in 
heavy trading. 

iQis an o 
1933 itll 
*7 3 503 

u* SSMncep me 668 71 2 
Oo Accum 669 71 2 

UK On — Itn Accum ?l 1 ?5 8 

U» mgn me me 63 0 56 i 
N Amencan Accum 6* > 58 4 

*■* Lnsn «ccip+ 61 6 635 
European *icum M3 73 S 
UwftitAFime 533 563 
Ed Apaim *J i « 3 

M3 73 5 

533 563 

5*7 581 
i<779 lias 

O 3 l£7 5 
70S 75 I 

te Accum 830 883 -33 :c 


Bj-emunr-l+TOCn ECT+ iiD 
l ^£S, 0, * n S 0, -« M tAvu-G*, 

Ed Apaim 5J 1 560 -12 878 


Aamm Gem*, rwucon hui 2fl WOMerr 

Homlg+a PM I JtS 


Enaumrym 98 7 105 8 • ' 8 3 31 


S 1 -sSRSS» fc 

1 month 









10- 50dis 

11- 15dis 
y*-1 5Wis 

1- ^prani 

2- IVpram 


1 JO-1.49 

2%-1 Viprem 
4%-3 %dt«ti 

The dollar fell against most 
important enfrendes in mostly 
quiet trading yesterday, affect- 
ed by the publication of several 
worse-than-expected US indi- 
catore. Sterling dosed at 
I.4d75. up dO points. 


Staring Index oorapanci with 1875 was down at 74J {day's range 742-74-4. 

Rates aoppied by Bardaya Bank HOFEXanf ExttL TJojUa Bank MwaaUeml 



Cwanng Banks 12‘4 
Finance House 13 







West Germany — 





Be^M^Corniiil — 
















SeyaMan nwsL coffa# and 
cocoa fa£par«MnE 
Gas-oB and sugar In USS 

G W Jpynapn and Ce report . 


toB 1 

JSo 168.W8.4 

dS t76.ft-re.8 

March ^ 

ay — 

. 17625-17625 
. 1533.0-15360 


. 72115-7.8135 
. 14650-149-00 , 
. 142.10-14220 
_ 1523-1525 . 

Discount Market Lovw% 

OvemuhtHttfr 12% Low 10 
Wteflk fixed: 12% 

Week hied: 12% 

Treasury BOs (Dtscoum %) 

2 ninth 11% 2mntfil1% 

3 ninth n% 3mnth 11!4 

Prime Bank BOs (Discount %) 

1 ninth 12 -n '»i 8 2mnth 11 %-liv, 
3 mmti im-ii% 6 rraith lOV-lOS 
Trade B3s (Discount %) 

1 mnHi 12 % 2 mmti 12 K 

3mnth 12 6mmh 11 % 


7 days 7*<*-7’A 
3mnth 7 , ie-7*i« 
7 days 4 ,, w-4*ia 
3 mmti 4'ie^n 
French Franc 
7 days 15-12 
3rmth 13’A-13% 
Swiss Fane 
7 days 2T/-2% 

3 mritn 3V-3% 

7 days 5%-5% 

3 moth 5%-5% 


I 7* <4-7*14 

i 7’i»-7'i* 

5- 4 

4 V-»» 






6- 5 


*Ooyd8 Ban k l u Mti Mii o M l 

other sterling rates* 

Argentina 8ustraT — 

Australia ®»r 

Bahrein daw 

Brazd cruzado ' 

Ovarragnt open MS dose 12 
1 week 12V-12* 6 mnth i i»i»-l 1 >» 

1 mnth 12V12 Bmmh ii»i S -11 I >* 
3 mnth iiV-n% I2mth 10 ,i -*-t0' , n 

Finland marka 

Greece drachma 

Hong Kong dokar 

India rupee 

Hqdow — 


Malaysia dokar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dotar . 

Saudi Aratxa nyal — 

GoiCtS346 50-347.00 

Local Ambortty Deposits (V>) 

2 days 13 7 days 13 

1 mnth 12K 3 mmti 11N 

6 mnth 11 % 12 mth ICrt 

South A Inca rand — 
U AEdaham 








„ 11A672-11.4766 










































— 288580 


. 2800-2730 

. 1385-140 

1 mnth 12K 3mmh IIS 

6 mnth 11 % 12 mth 10% 

Local Authority Bonds (S) 

1 mran 1 Z&- 12 % 2 mnth 12 S- 12 S 

3 mnth IFa-lFn 6 mnth liUw-11'V 
Oirntth 11%+11 >i 12mth HVj-ma 

S 349.50351 :00 (E23&25339. 

75 ) 

•Excludes VAt 


UnoffldMpn cea . 

'onfcwnwmwrEB — 

FifcekrE per metri c lanp a 
sever In ponce per a^roimc# 

pudoH WoH iCfl-Ud-rtport 

Thee months — 1004-10re 

Vo> 15250 

Tone Steady 

STAM3ARD C*™ 00 ^, 

Cash ; 980-382 

Three Months — 1000-1003 

W -M 

Tone — — ** 

Cash ... SuspwuW 

Three Months — 


Tone — 


Cash , .... 2*6-2*7 

Thru Months —.295-25650 

Vo! ~.&*5C 

Tone ll—. ' .. — . 


Cash — 380-400 

Thru Morans — 1 

W -Jg 


Cash <2050-42150 

Three Months — *33-43* 

W i —2500 

Tone r — .. Steady 


Cash k— 385385 

Tim Months 3955-397 £ 

V» 10 

Tone Quiet 


Cash 383-385 , 

Three MonOa — '39653975 


Tone >...J Idle 


Cash 788-789 

Thru MorthS 81050811 

vo) : — _5&o 

Tone Beariy steady 


CS8h 28*60855 

Thru Months 2925- 2S35 

Y01 +' 1770 




npreaemthte n«Ma «« 


Beef Cantnct ■ 

Open Oose 

Aont 194.0 19*6 

May mO 1915 

J^a 1W5 191.0 

A* 1905 188.5 

JSn 1835 1835 

■Sept 1835 184.0 

Tt^. - Vot 3 


E par tonne 

Month Open dew 
Apnt • 1035 1015 

May . 1164) 1135 

Nov ' 824) 81.8 

Feb 860 -908 

Apri 1034) 1044) 

Gft CariB.»57park8** . ' 


GftSheeo 222.9* pwkgesMt 

GBSP^S. 7754 par ngw. 


Sagiaad and Wsies . 
Ca&enos down<5%.s«B. 

SeepS’SoSm f 7.7 V *«. 


FtoncB- up 62 %.*»&■ 
price. 77.84M-05S 


Cam nos. «p 75^. aw»- 

iheeb^^dl?^ *3 %- ave. 
once. 221 .771-1. +7) . 

•pn«. . . ... 




11M 1135 
824) 81.8 

884) -908 
1038 10*8 
Vet: 1168 

■ Clow Oosa 

11555 11390 

• 1182S 11655 


9935 10L» 

102X0 . . 10150 

10655 1054)01 



< *^£ESfJS2f potal 


Man/lBw Cteu 
April Sfl "CMM) 8360 
July 86 745.0-7400 7438 

0ct8S 665*8508 6554) 

Jai37 B595 

Apr* 87 94008400 9408 

'Sg — - 

ociasr . — t- 3*4) 
JmES : — - 9008 




.Pip Meet 

P-pwWo -- 

-■ Open Close 
1D48 • 103 0 
: ' 1038 T0Z5 
1£&9 IE 5 
1025 • 1028 
102.7 101-6 

.. 1078 1055 

1092 106.8 

1102 11W 
102-7. 1022 
‘ 1018 1025 

Vot: 14 


. _ . Hgjn/Low Clou 
Mar 86 86088500 85*8 

Apr 88 8098-8098 ■ 800.0 

W&yBfi 795.0-7958 790.0 

June 36 — 7755 

Sept 86 9708 

OKS* -t— S72LS 

Vot 70 tots 
Open merest 72 

Spot m a rk e t c pmme nmy : 
. Tanker bKtexL.' 

9065 up 37 5 
Dry cargo ndwc 
7435 down 28 


Sterling COe(%) 

1 mnth 12'is-ll 3mnth 11H-11» 
6mnp) 71%.11 12 mm 10%-10% 

Dollar CDs (%) 

1 mnth 755-780 3 mnth 780-7.25 

6 mnth 780-725 12mth 7X0-785 

Fixed Rate Sterling Export Finance 

ttyi Low Company 

oenoe % Pff 


NpUjw Cpmpwiy 


*. Y« 

Ch'g* ponce ■% -0tS 

Scheme IV Average retererwe rate 
interest period RsDruary 5 1986 to 
March 4 1986 Industve: 12654 per 

Prices on this page refer to 
Friday's trading 

Three Month Sterling Open 

Mar 88 8852 

Ji*i8S 89.35 

Sep 88 89.76 

Dec 86 - 90.04 

Previous day's total open mrerest 1 191* 
Three Motrin EuredoRar 

Mar 86 9255 

Jun86 92.74 

Sep 86 9258 

Dec 86 9258 

US Treasury Bond 

Mar 86 97-05 

Jun96 96-22 

S#P 86 N/T 














89 79 






112 67 
ns SSQ 
155 116 
035 2*5 
787 123 
120 86 

113 B3 
19* 152 
a at' i 
3y- 25 

*20 312 
91 - 6* 
97 72 

746 5S 
162 119 
125 97 

138 95 

Ongmv Stock 


Gown RBonec 



» Assets 
Sr Erne** Sac 
Bne#> kw 

Cnariar Aaaney 


Grasnam Horn 


fcwasHi Sucooss 

ai> cw 

Lon Merch a nt Sec 
Lon Tran 

Previous day's total open interest 19540 
9257 9252 9256 5*9 

9280 9274 92.78 1949 

9274 9268 9274 227 

9261 9257 9261 123 

Previous day's total open interest 5327 

Previous day's tool open interest 53 
97-25 97-£fe 97-23 8 

97-18 96-12 97-09 7561 

96-20 0 

Short GIR 

Mar 86 

Jl/i 86 

Sep 38 - ™ 

99-10 99-10 

99 28 99-30 


Pravtous day’s total open interest 937 

99-11 20 

99-29 179 





Sep 86 

Dec 86 . 

FT-SE 100 

Mar 66 

Jun 88 

Previous day's total open kiterest 6706 
N/T 119-02 0 

120-61 120-13 119-29 12000 7246 

12018 12018 12012 12011 27 

N/T 12011 0 

Previous day's total open in 
161.20 1634)0 161.20 16270 

163-30 16450 

164.70 45 

157 112 

589 3*8 

528 363 
1 90 160 
118 88 
1*3 103 
3*2 25* 
>49 114 
as 65 
126 91 
138 85 

101 76 

167 122 
2 S 8 186 
3(77 242 

185 80 

590 415 

186 IIT 1 ! 
320 233 
109 78 
12* 100 
609 405 
140 105 
<36 100 
163 120 
387 289 

9* 59 

121 91 

195 115 
148 97 
304 230 

Drayon Cons 
Drayton For East 
Drayton Jacwn 
Drayton Piwnwr 
Duneea Lon 
Edo Amer Ascot 
EteOnc Gen 
Enmso m 
Erg*sra Scot 


FAC name* 

Fnl Scot *n#r 
Fra Un Gen 
fiorauog Amman 

143 A2 352 
16 10 . . 
IX 02 .. 
152 39392 
7.7 39 3*7 
09 06 896 
49b 32 *81 
550 16773 
&D 3 A *36 
20 24 509 

36 2*492 

20 7J7H.1 

25 25 57.1 
1.8b 1 1 372 
112 42 30.1 
1X3 4.7 295 
57 73 10.1 

32 15 902 


Murray Income 
Moray M 
163 Moray Smtt 
268 Murray Wowo 
35* Now Colot 
54 Now Dorian 04 
153 828 

37 NwWDa Inc 83 
157 MOW Tijcy o 
2*6 ran Aterac s*c 
-68 N8i See Wens 
227 NB»i Amor 
126 OuNKIl 
B2 Ptofic Asms 
30 Oo IMims . 

32 Pamrai Aunts 

33 26527 
1X5 X2 329 
■■ +0 28 *45 , 
3J 20 838 
51 23 925 

24 08... 

S3 26302 
81. 33 49X 
131 49 220 

32 14889 
96 26 727 
0.1 02 .. - 
SO 42 258 

33 56 MIX 
'61a 92 224 

tlb 52 309 
3*0 18 839 

7.7 n S3 27X 
7.1b 45335 
39n 15 .. 
79 29 532 
204 X* 288 
05 09. . 

37 32347 
42b 79189 
. 1.1 05 . . 
49 15 981 

0.7 10 79.1 

77 24983 
4.4 27 478 
IP 13 913 

7* 61- 
3T: 32 
100 76 

ng 78 . 

•195 137 . 
355 197'. 
111 79 

1 * 6.111 
160 129 
• 113 79 
163 124 
" TS* in 
201 211 
3SO 348 
ISO '137 
ITS 103 
97 72*J 
2S6 198 
63 52 
96 61 

no 8* 

194 138. 
320 295 

Bnraw .Cn* 77 

SmwwrtBriam 38 
TR Aul&SM - S3 
TB CW Ol ll» Mill 
IB MX Gan -- 10* 
IBKHuteBte 220. 
TB rare Anenea H - 
TH Prate Bn# 1*6 
m Pittraf .-. - 

■m Tam m 

TB TimM 163 
IMbBv -152 
Tbro gM anan 28i 

httra *. re* ; 

TnPMte Inc . W 

US QeosiM • 254 : 

Wong Rasoutoa* 55. 

. 7-Tb U 4X5 

06 13 .. 

lib 1535 

548 29 488 
TO.T *9 280 
26337 497 
14 IP 
13- U 398 

25 22617 
... ' 83b 59381 
.#-2 U 60 286 
•+1 11.9 42 3X6 

- +2 

SS -2T4S.I 

_ . -49 30 370 
M7 159 U 
-1 83 37484 

+1 22b 49 *37 

23 3X469 1- 
-1 03 36 317 

-1 4 3 22689 

• +2 t0 78 42 330 

■ HUM Bragy St 

VM8B. 133 

Yatxnan 320 


Raowig Hr Bmr 
FWrawig Baogtmg 
fianwig japan 

Rsmaig Tath 
n orrWiq Unwora 
For Cd 
G8C CaptM 
OT Jauon 
GwiarW Funds 
Gooani Cons 

123b 40 38.1 
19 IX . . 
36 29 479 
5.7 09 .. 
51 37 339 

39 29 *50 

32 21 964 
7.1 & 19 449 
21 25 569 

125 River 6 More 
188 Avar now 
16# ftnooco 
150 Romeo 
228 Rdnwy 

03 09 . . 

150 saaafi 

19 5529.7 
121 49 2BX 

20b 13 . 
2* 29 709 
IBlS 5l2287 

St M S W S 
Scot Amancan 
Scot Esstara 
Scot Mra- 
scot NK 
Scot Mam a- 
Sacra ten* 

XI 3.14*4 
"85 25589 
-6.7b 33 *13 
29 27 539 
10.7b Z2 584 
SS 24 53X 
259 8120.7 
2X6b 39321V 
89b X* 375 

895 2 B 0 
STi 281 + 
47 1* 

- as tb 

155 98 
>8 833 
Mi 115 
102 73 
2*8 178 

as 60 

BID 350 

95 .96 
MS 4* 
»2 .578 - 
>98 163 , 
*05 390 
875 388 
309 217 - 
113 75 
41 18 

277 83 

AjBCye 6 frrra re ra 
Am anc a n taprast 

eSSLr • 

Drawna Anew 
Do -A' 

Eng Tiuot 

Fwi . 




1 880 













ZJA • 





'96 ' 

' 1-4 


• .-. 


IUI .>• 

Maraodo House 

Cl 2*1 ... 
193. . 

386 . +10 

790 » . 

33Z #+8 


193 *» 


B*1 Olfar Omg YW 

BW Offer One VW 

H Otter Chng Ylo 

BM Offer Ding YKS 

But Otar Omg YW 

M Offer. Chag. Ykj 

EounsiM Pakcan 

mon kicoraa Trial 
g 5 a Fora w 

S 3 780 +29 326 

5 74* +23 528 

527 561 +14 850 

TMOlh. Tools 63.1 679# +25 238 

Sprawl Sts Tnioi 730 777 +23 244 

Nm Aowr Trial 55 * 59 0 *14 1 88 

Far Eastern Tool 65 B TOP +3X 077 


St Gaorea hm Capc rad on SL Cotenny CV1 

Off 6 Fnad tot 
Gfowrr Etsrtr 


Praparty Snws 

1190 1227# 
2039 2107 
2937 30*3# 
1379 1489 
167 5 1782 
225 2 23*6 

Sn#u# coraamas 1992 2120 
Eixopbwi Trust 2099 222* 

+2P 935 
+52 209 
+9 4 292 
•20 203 
+64 056 
+90 172 
+64 1.88 
+21 093 

worwra* Growm 1732 1862 
DP Accum 2424 26S2 
20. OBon SL London EC2A844X 
01-920 0311 

*49 IP* 
+99 IPO 

Euro On toe 1053 1123 +1.0 1.18 

□D Acorn 1292-1349 +13 1 W 

Srnater COS Me 1009 1079 +X7 258 

DP Acaan 1069 1117 +X9 298 

0203 553231 

UK Growth Acaan 1*3 8 1529 
te mcome 1389 13*5 


PO Bo* *42 32 St Ml iy-41-Hl London EC3P 3AJ 
01423 9330 

Hraer toe occum 2299 2445 +1Q.B X74 
Do mcome 1882 2002 +87 474 

te tocome 1882 2002 +8 7 474 

GBs/fix*! Acaan 988 103 9# +21 2.78 
DO Mcome 8*4 989# +19 278 

Nffi Amer Tst Acaan 1343 1*28 +1 9 032 

Far East Til Acaan 1IS5 1220 +28 0155 

Emu Ts Acaan 137# 146.7# +19 QS5 
General Trim 223 7 237.06 +52 29* 
1. Lauftrne Poutnay HM. London ECM DBA 
01-623 4680 

American Fioto 73 4 788 +1 4 02* 

Cam! Fund 1052 1129c +46 8*3 

income Fund 772 826c +36 4.75 

Far Eastern Fund 63# 984 +1 5 039 

Overseas Income 669 712 +1.7 38* 

fiiad I rarest 580 SI 3 +16 896 

Natural Raa Fund *52 494 -89 *97 

Eur ocean income 66 7 71.4# +21 8*4 

190. wast Gatoga Sl tSksgra 02 2PA 
0*1-332 3132 

Balanced Gdi toe 305 0 3892 +17 3 22D 

te *ccwn 36# 1 3827 +175 .. 

Income Gene 354 37.7 +09 690 

te *caan 353 386 +09 . 

Samce C«e me 37.0 39A +0.6 1#0 

Do Accion 37 4 399 +87 . . 

ft\*r Wa». Tononog x TYffl 1DY 
0732 . 16???? 

Am ran 88# 1068 +20 098 

Amor Eoioty Income 323 3*6 +0**91 

Amar Seoul sns 51 0 54 6 +1X 0*3 

Far East Inc 292 31 1 -81 4X8 

om 8 Fixed mt 30 4 31.7 +0 9 8 89 

come 987 1B39 +4P X26 

el Sts 329 3*6 +0# .. 

Hi* tocome 524 562 +22 562 

n Amer Trust Hi# izaa# +0 9 090 

Heewery i7xa iflao +28 297 

on Trust 392 406# +P8 807 

Si Ynart me 782 807# +1.4 591 

SI Vmc*rl US Qm 7*9 771# +0# 076 

TanoM Bar antes 1526 1619 .. 390 

Do Acaan 
Gtt Trust 
0a Acaan 
HBi tocome Dot 
Do Acaan 
U9 QroMfli . . 
te Aaaart 

159.4 1099 
Si 8. 54 A 
551 581 
974 930c 
1006 107.1 C 

S 9-. 585# 

3 5800 

MMMr Johnstone urermrer 

183 Hope Street. Qtosram G22UH 
0*1 221 8252 ... 

American ' 1119 1189# +29^398 

aaepean 271.1 2253 +87 IPS 

Smrar Coa M79 208* +109 894 

SnwMrpoa ,5979 208* +109 89* 

Japan GrcwM 979 

J*cen SmWU r CO* 1027 : 

Maserfund* 283 

Now Tecnookm - 9*5 ‘-I 

8E A#or GrtMan 932 

ScotOtS’ 1186 1 

Scotsitares 155P 1 

SaxytekJs 1530 i 

9dra to ra iNUa i# 704. 

T. liter tea be- - -s*XA1 
Spare! SAranana oafl 

UX Eauly 1758 1 

US Grow* - 7291 

unw e tra Giawti 78» : 


^2# UT As&rvn. 8 Raytegn Rd. P ranraeod 

0277 217919 

Hmttm Sm# Co's 1169 124p +5fl 209 
Hararos N Amer S7.I 71 * +19 092 

Hantoma Jap 6 F E 91 1 969 +22 0*6 

Hamwoe Scanom S98 7*3 +OJ 104 

Harare* Europara 913 971c +1P 095 

I t am tous Canadan 455 494 +1.1 1.05 

Hwnbros Eatery Inc 789 838 +17 4 70 

Harare* Hign me 6*J 576# +125.91 
Hanwras Has Asms 585 981# +24 295 
PrenwrUT A t>— w »on5.R teto0 t M Hunan 

wmatode Pane. Ciewr EX5 IDS 
0392 52155 

General Trim *22 452 -... 

tocome That 3*x 369# +13 850 

I i lium. I# Trust 309 321 +1.1 U0 

Tlira* Quays. Tower Hi BC3R 880 
01-826 4598 
Amar 6 Gan Inc 
Do Acaan 
Arear Recovery 
Do Accum 
Am SnafeT Cos 
Do Accun 
Aunt Gan Me 
Do Accun 
Comm 6 Q#i Inc 
Do AcCOM - 
Gompouid Growto 
CofTwersran Orem m 
Da me 

Dmdand Fund Inc 
Do ++.W 
Eurooean 8 Geraval 
Do Accum 
Eon YWd toe 
Do Acorn 
Far Eanam toe 
Do acoor 
F und Ol BtY toe 

. 48. oaoranadr 8L EC3P 3HH 
01-623 4300 En 266 

te Accum 
FW-EM Aoc 
DO Dwt ' 
American Ace 

1999 2T19 +74 210 

316.1 3389 +119 3.10 
5288 562.4# +89 T10 
-84*5 6987# +109 1.10 

627 069# +19 090 
629 087# +19 030 
587 ffOX +19 *30 
563 599 +12 190 


PO B ox * N orwich SRI 3NG 

0903 622200 

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am Treat ii8fi *259 +30 iji 

Ddtopnsa Hm xJLupidte • 
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Auaretan Inn . 

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Bonpeon be . 

Do Accra 
Do Accra 
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' D0 Acaan . 

+39 .. 
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+87 .. 
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bMhNN -W83 11*9# 

+27 279 w 
+03 026 V 

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O* Mare* - - • 19x7 1089# 
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DO Accra 1059 .113.1 

Mogmi 786 839# 

MM . . V 7X7 799 

WK MB ' ’ lil- 

Oa nmomrn -• 92ft MJ - 


spare Sts 819 mae 

Tasttobtogy- • *55 *89# 

World Mere* 522 581c 

wbridwdb Caooi 1352 1*59 

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daaings 01-236 389S/6/7/8W> 

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Spaa# 9ts - 77X B28 . +49 X40 

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japan Grovrai 472 50S . +39 . 

Eutraan tNowtn S67 aoj +i523c 
UK Grovutti 627 -564 • . *27 8BQ 

Papric Growth .399 427 +1X 810 

Har Frame JOB 329 +19 830 

PracacW tocoma 499 525a +12 230 
DO Accra .983 #*9e +29 280 


az.^1 Hoipow. wciv 7m . 

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Jap SMk Co's As 


Smtear Go's toe 
Do Accum 
Spare «• he 
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te Accra 
US Sm4*er Go's Ac 


Special Exerept 

Penarens 5 Charity 

+25 191 
+09 198 
+19 196 
+23 (14 
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-Off 440. 

' -09 4.10 
+119 *91 
+19 074 
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^SPa ecu? <3 . 1384 U80 
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739 719 
1384 1480 

+23 59? 
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-07 200 
+22 490 
+53 010 
-10 151 
+25 008 
+44 808 
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+89 889 
+15 810 
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+29 195 



fp IT 

01-2*0 t2M -7- 


unancan J Growth 
General Grown 
Global Tear 
to come Growm 
awame Monthly 
Japan Growth 
oaaa* Grown 
Spare Obpa 

383 489# 
516 559 
409 4X0 
579 817 
455 497#. 
312 332 
41 .T 441 ' 
979 9(7 
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+19 090 
+20 390 
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♦19 524 
+12 749 
*05 819 ^ 
+09 199 
+81 297 

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Do Acaan 
tocrae Raid 
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te Aeon 
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.959 914 
1289 1350 
115* 1229 
1177 1252 
1177 1252 
1222 1300 
2092 2225 

28 9 Andrews Sq. Et t nb u rph 
031-556 9101 • - • 

atj tocome Units MX1 1581- 

. DO Accra 2123 2259 


Bi-99. Maw London Hd. Cba to a t ota 
0245 51951- 

CU e n o o IncBi . 4489 4885#. 

Do Acaan (5} 7283 7540 

FWGng Fund i*) . 2373 3W9 
Do Accra to) 3598 2725 
Fktog Am A Gan (4> 2389 2410# 
te ACCOM I*J 2883 27X0# 
FWOno Inc Fund (*) 1182 1792 
Siw Amar (3) 1529 «os 

B5«rSmr5aca «8i >329 

MaaF* - . 

+99 894 
+21.0 39* 
+88 298 
+187 298 
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031 225 2211 

1-1 \ 

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0*91 578889 

Mterii 25*9 2734 +8X 121 

tocome _ 10*0 1 97.1 *72 501 

WtFto v** ha c 142# 153.*# +29 198 

AMarGrewm 692 7*3# +2.1 095 

to# Emtrn Go's 770 839 +20 nan 

F # EaelV ato 61 J S58 +09 1.06 

terepaan G to 54.1 SOI . +1.4 ZOO 

.1782 1989 
1455 1557 
1945 1439 
1985 212X 



<W7TsE^ tJ *** fXS 

Wgh tooome 
Far Eastern 
North American 

Spare &t> 


1020 1097 +29 1 36 

1710 1812 +09 407 

935 99.1# +32 532 
1348 1455c +31 015 

1356 1*90 +88 200 

1912 2034 +60 1*8 

1139 122 2 +12 854 

+88 208 
+60 148 
+72 054 

79X 6* 2c +2.1 SOS 

& -88 Wor d HR. 8torB Essex. 101 20L 
01-478 3377 - - 

WbomEguHy 2873 *220 . +139 315 
Eroupaan 76X 812 +03 090 

Hoera Crams 530 SS3 +1X 294 

Hoatom FrgfT toe 633 67 3a +23 8X4 

HtSborn Inf 873 320 +21 078 

•jrenwe 720 789# +23 008 

N *n#nssn 672 71.4 +32 159 

Hoatom SpscSIs 610 6X8 +29 291 

Heloern WC QrtwQl BQD 85.1# +30 297 

Hctbam GBt Trust 17X8 1525 +46 8X0 

31-M Grehem SL London EC2V 71H 
01-600 4177 

Qusdrsnt Genarto 4143 4405 *134 297 
Quaoren tocome 2248 2392 +90 5SS 
Ou tobra hid Rt 35 X 9 9786 + 33 . 1.18 

Outmant Racorary 2*80 2820a +42 2B3 

& Swtnms Lane. London eC*P *DU 
01-280 5*56 

NC America toe 
Do Accra 

we Era*/ Re* 

NC tocome 
NC Moan 

275X 292# +9fi 1 04 
2383 3152 +10.4 1 03 

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hCSnurEwretes 1539 r635 

NC Erampl Ok £1219 1260 

NC Mar Onto '511 67 I2ffl 

NC Prepay 1B&5 1983 


33 kmg WMam Street. London EG 4 R 948 
01-638 3078 

wnarean W 217.Q 2210 +50 257 





















Amancan mi 
SaartM 01 
Hgh Yreld 19 
Fhea toman 

Hip i merest 

Far Ear ( 2) 

9500 6850# -120 257 
1580 16)5 +4 0 557 

3670 3750 +1X5 202 

1700 17IOc +4 0 248 
1235 124 5 c . 122* 
1600 1635 -4.0 031 

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^ l ® *« 

051-227 4*22 

EOtof Tnot . 61 1 6X9 +20 209 

k» TniU 695 996# +10 122 

©KJfwt 287 28.1 +CL6 831 

ySTnW . 31.1 330 *05 1*6 

Paotc Bare tm 31 * 333 +03 qes 











19s 7 



27 3 

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a* *4 

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capM Accra 1788 1903 +91 213 

oatneraa Ml sede +02 812 

*«*«! ‘ 75* TBIte *0X557 

few* Ore* #32 692 # +*7 454 

Japan Cratin SIX 896 -*Q 9 008 

Spare Sra 986 103 8# *09 i «9 


»■ wawi BX RpmRM PM1 3LB 
68-73 Oman St Eoraagh EH2 ffl« 
♦fiondtrtl 07084696# Or (Edn) 331-226 7351 
Amar Inc 5 Growth - #70 7l.fl +06 744 

CwiUms BSJ 1029 *1.4 2*fl 

Gpmmoon *89 521# +22 198 

Enar^toda *43 475# +lp M 

Eircwan Grmrtn 09.7 95# +0 4 ofc 

ErawtocBm 74.6 788# -02 553 

te tod (*33 US SI. 7 

E+nfcrrmen 355 41 1 # +19 i m . 

Rmnre Sac. ##2 #*.* +19 2-io 

04 A F1 Inc 52X 6S2d -1.51133 

Hffi Renan Urns i?i 0 1BZ9 +59 sn? 

Yte d IMS 1615 1727 +60 *m 

taemeuna Sl B BB.i# *26 554 

to rawnera Trim 820 677- +27 2JO 

W aniBBO rai l 1083 1152a. -1 8 aS 

615 929 +0,7 126 

«W-VW«Bn+aJ 4 .> 







■&. * 

y ■ 


V ■ 

reacts to 


Mnnfocfa*s move to Wt 
ffld the launch of Mr 
SNWr Today newspaper 
rumble on. ^ 

^AK°cige4 .Newspapers* 
n ri l Ko ii rigfab ww ju 

C | vw, is ostensibly to 
“O*™ company's cqui- . 

.. - but it haf been 

tn 8^ re d b y the need to 
JCt ram co mpetitive in a rap- 
,rfh ' 'ranging environment. 

*.jt thal the group has b ee n 
SUi jtf ised-into having tofnott- 
®ton» and re-equip. It had 
occtr~planiim« to do 
some time, but 
leisurely pace. 

However, the speed of 
developments among its 
co m pe tito rs has forced it to 
com Dress its timescales dras- 
— and the plaza have 
been brought forward by four 
years. . . ■ 

To keep its . national news- 
papers afive the group wlQ 
need to make a massive 
capital investment of £130 
million to reorganize at«t 

so for 
at a fairly 

foe lights- issue, internal 
sources and bank loans. 

The move to Surrey Docks, 
where Associated p lans to 
paint the tendon Standard, 
the Daily Mail and xherMail 
im Sunday in colour, i$ 
estimated to cost at least£100 
million- The . fete of the 
journalists and commercial 
staff has not been decided, 
but they may also be moved. 
Implementation of the 
pneements .to reduce staff in 
— 1 the main production areas 
by 20 per cent will involve 
the group in further expense, 
although this.- win be re- 
couped in cost savings in 
Subsequent years. 

Total London staffs includ- 
ing magazines, is about 4,200 
and cuts of about 600 can be 
expected tins year: Move 
redundancies areexpected 
with the move to Docklands ’ 
in latte 1988. Eventually, 
more than 1,200 jobs could 
go. Anything less could leave 
the newspapers uncompeti- 

The group remains rich in 
assets ranging from 
Kackfriars Oil to its holding 
in Reuters which was in- 
creased when the acquisition 
of the outstanding 50 per cent 
was cons ummated last De~. 

' Pretax .' profits be 

well up in the year to Septem- 
ber compared with last year. 
Losses .at the Mail on Sunday 
are bong reduced while the 
sate of Esmond Gas win help 
to c o mp ens ate for the fan in 
th e oil p rice. 

Pretax profit estimates 
range from £52 minium to £54 
million, patting the shares on 
a price-earnings multiple of 
about f 1. 

Davidson Pearce 

The move by advertising 
agencies into related fields is 
gathering steam. Saaichi & 
Saatchi, which started the 
rush for Stock P-idiany list- 
ings, pointed the way again 
with its acquisition last No- 
vember of two British public 
relations groups. 

Davidson Pearce, Britain's 
seventh largest agency, al- 
ready has an offshoot special- 
izing in direct marketing. 

This month it added 
Frontline, to concentrate on 
integrated above and below- 
the-Bne advertising services. 
Next month, it hopes to 
announce the acquisition of 
an advertising design compa- 

It intends to continue build- 
ing up araft of sdfsuffiaent 
operations around the basic 
advertising business, with 
PR. sales promotion and 
design, earmarked as the 
most promising areas. 

Money seems to be no object. 
The 1985 balance sheet 
showed a healthy, £12 mil- 
lion cash balance, £1 million 
of which was generated dur- 
ing the year. 

Taxable profits last year were 
33 per cent higher at £2.26 
million, comfortably ahead 
of the forecast the company 
made when it came to market 
last October. Billings rose by 
17 per cent and look set to 
continue to grow. 

Important accounts won at 
the end of last year included 
Marks and Spencer, Robert 
Bosch and Terry’s of York, 
which together should boost 
hillings by more than 10 per 

The one disappointment 
must be the share price. 
Offered at 160p and 4 J times 
oversubscribed, the shares 
only reached 1 70p yesterday. 

a marked underperibnnance 
. against a roaring bull market. 
The p/e ratio on historic 
earnings is just over- 17 and 
on prospective earnings, as- 
suming profits of £2.7 million 
and tax at 38 per cent, is just 
oyer 13. The shares are 
Cheaper than many in the 
sector, possibly because the 

r tcy lacks some of the gloss 
its competitors. It is, 
however, a souDdly-based 
company in a growth indus- 

Thomas Jourdan 

Few companies can claim, 
on the face of it. as little 
industrial logic as Thomas 

' A mixture of earnings from 
1960s stylist Mary Quant, 
fireplaces, make-up brushes, 
nursery products such as cots 
and prams, and trouser press- 
es can best be described as 
odd. "‘Jokey” would be more 
fitting were things not going 
so welL 

But for the year ended 
December 28 Thomas Jour- 
dan reported pretax profits of 
£1.3 million compared with 
£837,000, an increase of 62 

The shares delighted in the 
improvement yesterday, ris- 
ing 26p to J95p, having come 
up from 114p last year. 
Turnover increased by 29 per 
cent to £11.2 million and 
earnings a share by 94 per 
cent to 18.8p. The dividend 
goes up by 17 per cent to a 
total of 7.35p. 

There can be relatively 
Httle bid premium in the 
shares. The group is capital- 
ized at around £12 million 
and the market’s favourite 
predators are all involved in 
seeking out bigger fish. But 
Thomas Jourdan has tended 
to grab the market’s eye 
because of its involvement 
with Mary Quant 
The chairman, Archie 
McNair, hasacqnired a group 
of branded consumer busi- 
nesses, all moving ahead at 
the same encouraging rate. 
His recently acquired lion 
brush business looks to be 
another winner. 

It seems difficult to look 
for any further dramatic 
growth m the shares, but the 
underlying strength of the 
activities should shore the 
shares up in the event of any 
overall market weakness. 

Greycoat raises record 
; £76tir property loan 

^yJudSthHttnfley.Ce mmm jri Property Corres p ondent 

Greycoat .Group, the prop- 
erty company, is raising the 
largest single syndicated loan 
for a commercial, property in 
the United Kingdom- It has 
agreed a £76 million limited 
recourse loan through N M 
Rothschild, the finance house 
and. the Allied Irish Invest- 

The loan will be used to buy 
and reconstruct Lutyens 
House, Finsbury Circus, dose 
-to the City of London, with. 
190.000 sq ft of offioes. 

; It follows the company’s 
£37 million rights issue, un- 
dertaken, like the loan facility, 
to ensure that the developer 
retains a laige slice of the 

-equity in its developments. 

Other banks participating in 
the Lutyens House loan are 
Kleinwort Benson, the Swiss 
Bank Corporation, the Bank 
of Scotland, the Canadian 
Imperial Bank of Commerce, 
Security Pacific . National 
Bank, Standard Chartered 
Bank, Credit Agricole and 
Dresdner Bank 


The loan has been arranged 
for seven years at 7/8 per cent 
a year over London Interbank 
Offered Rate. Greycoat has 
undertaken to refinance the 
scheme after seven years and 
will pay the bank interest on 
the loan if it does not do so. 

Bluecrest to 
cost Fitch 
£6.1m more 

Frtch Lovell is to pay an extra 
£6.18 million for Bluecrest 
Foods asa result of the profits 
Bluecrest has made. 

The estimated amount will 
be provided by the proceeds of 
a vendor pbanfg of 2^19,895 
Rich shares carried out yester- 
day, subject to completion of 
the acquisition agreement and 
the admission of the new 
shares to the Stock 


■ La Regie de Production et de Distribution d’Eau et d’EJectri- 
cite du Burundi (Regtdeso) lance un appei d’offres interna- 
tional pour le realisation des travaux ct-apres: 

Lot Nr. k Ligne a 110 kV Ruzizi IT- Bubanza et raccorde- 
menta Bubanza de la Bgne a tIOkV Rwegura - 

Lot Nr. 2: Posies 110/30 kV de Bubanza et de Cibitoke. 
La Regideso a obtanu un credit de P Association Intematjorv 
ale de Devefappement “I-D-A." (Banque MoncBaie) pour fin- 
anter le cout de la Galson Ruzizi II-BurundL 

La partfcipatiort est ouverte aux fbumisseurset entrepre- 
neurs admis Asoumtssionner confomfament aux directives 
condsmam la passation des marches finances par ies prets 
de la Banque MontfiaJe et ies credits de PIDA. 

Les Heine (f execution sort les sinvants; 

Lot Nr. h en Repubfique du Burundi, du Rwanda et du Zaire 
entre la centrale de Ruzizi II et la province de 

Lot Nr. 2: on Rfipubfique du Buruntfi dans les vilfes de 
Cibitoke. Bubanza et Bujumbura ainsi qu’au 
. Rwanda dans ta Prefecture de Cyangugu. 

Le dates tTexecrtion est & proposer par la s oumte sionnatre 
mais ne sauraft en aucun eas exetidor 23 mois. 

Les camfidats a dro is s&rie s a concourir peuvent obternr des 
informations comptemantaires et examiner les dossiers 
d’appef cfoffres dans les bureaux de: 

BP. 680 

Bujumbura (Burundi) 

Tetejc 5006 BOI . 

ou: . 

Efectricite de France international 
(fegenieur-Conseil pour .Ie projet) _ 

68 Rue du Faubourg Saint Honore 
75008 Paris (France) 

Telex: 660 434 F 
Telephone: (1) 47 64 66 72 

Les documents cfappel cfoffres peuvent etre obtenus sur 
demands ecrite adresste a Becfrfcjte 


Avril 1986, contra paiementd'un montant non rombouraabte 
de J300FRF par tot. . - 

-Toutes ies soumgsions driven! etre accompagnees crime 
caution de soumission ou tf une 

tantegala dnq pourcent du monbmtde gso^teston. 
Cette caution devra 6tra armexee a loffra finanaere. 

Les soumissions r&figees en tongue de^orrt ^r- 

veriir para envoi recommend© ou enregistrees de mam a 
main aT 

M ie Oivectew fifenfiral de la Regideso 
B P 660 

Bujumbura (Buoaidi) 

euptus wd te 3 juinlMB - 15 KSSSS 

en So copies cSvformes. Btes devront porter la mention: 

H - Burundi”, "a nfouvnr qu 

saantie iL'ouvffiture des offres aura lieu en stance 

qtra fe -3 jum 1988 a 15 heuras 30. heure de Biflumbraa, a la 

DfeBCtion CAnarsfe de ia Regldesa 

Any extra amount to 
paid for the takeover will be 

Bluecrest's net profit for the 
year to Decernin' 28 is esti- 
mated to be not less than £1.5 

Fitch Lovell announced in 
September that it was paying 
£4 million for Bluecrest, a 
Grimsby frozen food compa- 

The deal involved a further 
payment of up to £8 millioa 
depending on Bluecrest's prof- 

ILLERS: The final dividend is 
3.25p (2-75pX making 4.7Sp 
(4.2p shares issued in Novem- 
ber 1985 rank for final divi- 
dend). Turnover for the year to 
December 31 — figures in £000 
- was 30,777 (25,959), includ- 
ing duty 2,436 (142) operating 
profit 5041 (4512), interest pay- 
able 4996 (379). Earnings per 
share 15. 7p (14. 7p). The figures 
include one month's trading 
■from the acquisition of Scottish 
and Newcastle Breweries. 

PART CENTRES: The figures 


Shares pause before the Budget 

Stock markets paused for 
breath after last week’s bout of 
frenzied baying but the mood 
was still one of confidence as 
dealers waited for the Budget 
The day began well with the 
FT-30 Index hitting a record 
2371.4 in the first hour of 
trading after Friday’s 39- point 
surge on Wall Street Howev- 
er, it soon became obvious 
that investors ware unwilling 
to chase prices too high while 
Opec ministers were discuss- 
ing production levels and the 
Chancellor's measures were 
still a secret So prices began 
slipping on light profit-taking 
with the dosing trend easier 
still after an early 16-point 
reaction from Wall StreeL 
Sterling received a late fillip 
from speculation that Saudi 
Arabia was willing to observe 
production restraints to stabi- 
lize prices at between $15 and 
$20 a barreL But the move did 
little for share prices. 

Gilts managed gains to 
three-eights, still anticipating 
base rate cuts of a haf? 
percentage or one percentage 
point later this week. Trading 
industrials were no worse than 
mixed. I Cl lost 8p to 992p in 
sympathy with America but 
Courtaulds were suppor te d 
again at 288p, up 6p, a nd 
Hawker reflected a firm engi- 
neering sector at 58 Ip, up 8p. 
Trusthouse Forte rose 4p 
more to 195p. They had 
reached 202p in early trading 

after a press report suggested 
that the company was prepar- 
ing to receive a bid. 

In quieter stores, which 
were unaffected by the latest 
retail sales figures. Boots im- 
proved 6p to 272p after a 
heavy turnover in traded op- 
tions. The Osram venture did 
little for GEG, down 6p to 
204p in a dull electronics 
sector. Wellcome continued to 
anticipate an anti-Aids break- 
through with a 12p rise to 
231p after 240p. 

Associated British Ports 
surged 29p to 523p ahead of 
the results, due on April 2. The 
company is also believed to be 
a takeover target for P & O. S 
W Berisford were a late feature 
at 226p, up 24p awaiting bid 
developments from Ferruzzi 

or HiUsdown. 

Westland celebrated the 
signing of a £65 nnflion Indian 
hcficcper contract with an 8p 


Abbott M V (180p) 220 

Ashley (L) (135p) 232 dn 2 

BPP (IBOp) 193 dn 2 

Brookmount (160p) 160 dn 2 
Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (630) 78 up 4 
Cranswick M (95p) 107 

Dialene (128p) 205 

Ferguson (J) (iQp) 28 

Granyts Surface (56p) 85 up 3 
Inoco (55p) 47 

JS Pathology (160p) 285 dn 3 
Jarvis Porter (I05p) 138 dn 5 

rise to 86p. A disappointing 1 5 
per cent profit setback cut 12p 
from Cambridge Electronics 
at 303p. _ 

Associated Newspapers 
were another dull spot at 
288p, down 7p after the 
company's reorganization 
plans, which involve a £30 
million rights issue. Turner 
and Newall, reporting on 
Thursday, went up 5p to 1 84p, 
but Expamet Internationa] at 
165p, up7p, looked forward to 
today's results. 

Firm builders had J Jarvis 
up 30p to 310p in a thin 
market, while Barren Devel- 
opments added 4p to 144p 
ahead of Thursday's figures. 
Good profits and scrip pro- 
posals strengthed Metal rax 2p 
to 82p and Thomas Jourdan 
19pto I90p. 

Einuieers did well in the 
middle of the reporting sea- 
son. Jones and Shipman were 


122p, up lOp, and Delta 
Group 241 p. up iOp ahead of 
figures later this week. 
Beatson Clark were marked 
up 8p to I96p on the profits 

Davidson Pearce were 
170p, up 4p, and Davies and 
Metcalfe 80p. up 17p. Charlie 
Browns Carparks were 5p 
better at ISOp and Pittard 
Group 4p up at 94p. Ail 
reflected satisfactory state- 
ments. The best of the week- 
end “press tips" included 
Manders at 225p. Half Engi- 
neering at 174p, Fobcl at 56p, 
Unigate at 296p, W Canning* 
at 1 30p and Jameson's Choco- 
lates at I35p. 

Profi l- taking knocked 9p 
from Lad broke at 338pand Sp 
from Vantona at 492p. 
Invergordon Distillers attract- 
ed speculative interest at 166p 
up 5p. Reports of a possible 
link between Woolworths and 

Ktearfold (lisp) 
n (ii5p) 
Macro 4 (105p 


Merivale M 0?5p) 

123 up 3 

138 up 2 
137 up 7 

Norank Sys '(90p)' 130 

Really Useful (330p) 356 dn 2 

SAC Inti (100p) 135 up 2 

SPP (125p) 160 up 2 

Templeton (21 5p) 233 up 5 

Sigmex (101p) • 86 

Snowdon & B (97p) 113 

Spice (80p) 94 

Tech Comp (130p) 212 

Underwoods (180p) 186 

Wellcome (120p) 230 up 11 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (140p) 





3 . 

Cullens N/P 
Hartwells N/P 
NMW Comp 95 up 5 

Porter chad F/P 104 dn 1 

Safeway UK £46 up ^ 

Wates F/P 146 up 3 

Westland F/P 86 up 8 

(Issue price in brackets). 

Dee Corporation did little for 
the share prices. Both were 
down around 5p. 

Expansion hopes lifted 
Barham 7p to 172 d. Octopus 
advanced 30p to o30p ahead 
of Thursdays results. S R 
Gent reporting today, lost 6p 
to 64p on nervous offerings. 
Reuters were firm at 475p, up 
iOp on Amoican support. 
Willis Faber improved 5p to 
437p in sympathy with Mor- 
gan Grenfell results. MAI 
added 5p to 390p on die 30 per 
cent expansion in earnings. 
World of Leather continued to 
benefit from last week’s fig- 
ures, up IOp to 220p 

Leeds development pros- 
pects continued to excite 
Clayfonn at 265p ,up 12p. 
Dwek Group were wanted at 
75p up IOp while other specu- 
lative favourites to attract 
attention inducted James 
Dickie at 66p, up lip, and 
Frederick Cooper, 9p higher at 

Banks made a dull showing 
after the sharp gains last week 
and insurances failed to hold 
early honest rises. Properties 
were selectively supported, 
with Cussins among the best 
at 215p up 25p. Mneraos 
slipped 4p to 40p after figures. 

Rank Organisation gave up 
another 9p to 510p, awaiting 
this week's appeal against 
IBA's rejection of the bid from 


Tin debacle threatens other pacts 

From its dramatic beginning 
to Its muddled end the grant till 
crisis looked Eke a watershed. 
As in the aftermath of a 
mighty volcanic upheaval, the 
landscape will never be the 
same again (which is not 
necessarily a bad thing). One 
topographical feature which 
seems to have changed perma- 
nently is the way internation- 
ally-traded commodities are 
priced, in particnlar the rate of 
commodity agreements. 

The whole disastrous tin 
episode looks Eke the final 
nail m the of the 

benighted United Nations’ 
Conference on Trade and 
Development's much-touted 
Intergrated Programme for 
Commodities. The fact that 
the coffin was probably in an 
advanced state of assonUy 
does not soften the impact of 
the tin debacle. Indeed, the 
timing could hardly have been 

There is not a single pact 
covering an important com- 
modity whose economic 
clauses — those 
prices — can honestly be 
to be working. Sugar, cocoa, 
coffee, and rubber have either 
lost danses because attempts 
to recast than failed, or prices 
are trading outside the pre- 
scribed range. Coffee is the 
most spectarrisr example of 
the latter, world prices being 
more than 50 cents a pound 
above the agreed cefting of 150 

The reasons for this ragged 
nemesis of the dreams of the 
1960s — the belief that inter- 
national agreement could 
make the world a better and 
fairer place — are well re- 
hearsed. Producers of aD 
kinds of raw materials, not just 
agricultural, have been more 
successful at mining and grow- 
ing than at adjusting to the 
realities of over-sopply (how- 
ever much that may be exag- 
;erated by distribntion 


are for the half year to January 
31. The interim dividend is lp. 
With figures in £000, turnover 
was 8.573 (7,032). operating 
profit 394 (281), interest payable 
77 (92), pretax profit 317 (189), 
tax 122 (88) and earnings per 
share 3.30 (2p). 

LAND: As forecast at the time 
of the rights issue the interim 
dividend is 6p (5J5p adjusted). 
The figures for the six months to 
January 31 are as follows: 
turnover 9,971 (8,185), pretax 
profit 843 (61 9X lax 320 (217). 
earnings per share, adjusted for 




From 330 pm this afternoon just key 533689 
on Prestel for a minute by minute report and 
analysis of the Chancellors Budget proposals 
from our tax advisory team. 

O Touche Ross 

The Business Partners 

Hill House, 1 Little New StreeL 
London EC4A 3TR. 

Telephone: 01-353 8011 

At the same time consumer 
governments (which, for these 
purposes, are the wealthy 
industrial countries) have be- 
come more reluctant to subsi- 
dize production In - other 
countries which do not always 
appear especially grateful — 
Malaysia’s hostility to Brit- 
ain, for example, despite 30 
years together in international 
tin agreements. 

In so Ear as commodity pacts 
were a form of aid, govern- 
ments and voters have beat 
asking whether they were 
effective and necessary. 

But tbe reason the tin crisis 
may damage seriously foe 
future of commodity pacts is 
foe way it happened. Com- 
modity agreements are a civi- 
lised idea. Whether or not they 
are favoured, they indisput- 
ably spring from honourable 

Commodity agreements rest 
Eke tim Unhre Nations, which 
embraced them, on foe as- 
sumption that governments 
will in- can behave responsibly. 
Yet ft is difficult in the 
aftermath iff foe tin crisis to 

22 s rereign coun- 
tries default on debts which 
were individually insubstan- 
tial, die foundations of com- 
modity agreements are 
undermined. Moreover, as a 
default it is blatant 

The beavfly-indebted na- 
tions of Latin America or 
Africa at least had the decency 
to say that they would repay at 
some time. With tin we have 
been treated to the spectacle of 
nine members of the Eu ropea n 
Community, given to lecturing 
developing countries on how to 
behave, simply abandoning an 
organization which they sol- 
emnly voted three years ago to 

The fact that these moralis- 
tic EEC members run the 
biggest commodity agreement 

bonus and rights issues, 25Jp 

final dividend is 5^5p, making 
7.45p (7p) for 1985, payable on 
May 13. With figures in £000, 
turnover was 1 35,653 ( 1 29, 332), 
trading profit 10,630 (12326), 
interest 354 (317), pretax profit 
276 (12,009), tax 4,138 (3,956). 
minorities 268 (316), earnings 
per share !5.7p(21.5p). 

• MAI: For the six months to 
December 31 the dividend is 4p 
(same). New shares will rank. 
With figures in £000, turnover 
was 96,546 (81,333). pretax 
profit 337 (12,681), including 
interest credit 1,029, tax 5,881 
(4.602), outside shareholders’ 
interests 85 (160), extraordinary 
debit 1.861 (nil), principally 
rationalization, redundancy and 
reorganization costs 1,920 (nil), 
earnings per share 21. 4p <193 

nal dividend is 2.76p. making 
3.72p for last year. With figures 
in £000 turnover was 40,959 
(34,832). including exports 
18346 (15.188), trading profit 
3.507 (3,045), interest paid 498 
(549), pretax profit was 2,667 
(2308) and tax was 545 (372L 





Adam & Company I2w% 

BCC1 1214% 

Citibank Savings! 12*.% 

Consolidated Crds 12’i% 

■Conimential Trust.. 12y»% 

Co-operalive Bank- 

C. Hoare & Co fzw% 

LLoyds Bank. 12t*% 

Nat Westminster — 12v*% 

Royal Bank of Scotland 12h% 

TSB 12h% 

Citibank NA 12«*% 

t Mortgage Base Rate. 

in foe shape of the Common 
Agricultural Policy is either 
hypocrisy or myopia or both, 
according to taste. 

There is, it seems, one law 
for the rich and another for the 
poor - unless the cynical but 
logical view is taken that tbe 
CAP and its dependent fann- 
ers are about to be discarded in 
the same way as tin and its 

In any event immense harm 
has been done to the idea of 
commodity pacts, let alone 
their practicality. 

The harm is all the greater 
for foe tin agreement having 
been held up as a modeL It 
apparently fulfilled many of 
foe right criteria: a compact 
group of producers and con- 
sumers, a commodity with a 
well-defined production and 
trading system, a recognized 

pricing mechanism (the unfor- 
tunate London Metal Ex- 
change) and a history of 

Countries such as Malaysia, 
Indonesia and Thailand have 

been influential in other agree- 
ments or in discussions about 
other agreements covering 
rubber, palm oil, timber and, 
of course, crude oil. 

We now know, however, 
that the internal workings of 
the ITC belied its exterior. 
This intelligence owes nothing 
to the ITC members, who have 
been less than forthcoming 
about its decision-making. 

We know that the ITC was 
not a model simply because it 
went badly wrong. However 
dishonestly governments have 
behaved since the crisis broke 
on October 24, it would be 
unfair to accuse them of 

fomenting foe crisis. They 
.were as surprised as anyone. 

So the question is: can 
governments be trusted with 
other commodity agreements? 
The status of others may not 
be as legally vague, and at the 
moment they cannot as easily 
run np huge debts. But that 
only begs foe question of 
whether governments want 
economic danses in these 

Are governments being hon- 
est about their motives in 
grinding through foe costly 
and time-consuming process of 
re-negotiating pacts? If they 
really regard these pacts with 
the contempt suggested by 
their treatment of tin, ft would 
be best for at all If foe 
agreements were wound np as 
quickly as possible. One erup- 
tion of foe volcano is enough. 

Michael Prest 

This advertisement does not constitute an invitation to subscribe for shares 

Williams de Broe 

Event Group pic 

Offer for subscription of 800,000 ordinary shares at £1 each 

A retailer of quality shoes, selling under the names "Event" and 
"Duo", and of clothing under "Benetton" franchises currently trading 
from 1 1 shops. .Pre-tax profit projection of £308,000 for current year. 

Funds to be utilised in a meaningful expansion in the number of retail 
shops in an established and profitable group with substantial potential. 

An investment in REAL Business Expansion. 

Copies of the BES prospectus can be obtained from: 



Following the announcement that the Barclays Group 
has sold its shareholding in Barclays Bank (Suisse) S A, Barclays 
Bank PLC is pleased to announce the formation of a new, 
wholly owned, Swiss banking subsidiary: 


The Head Office is located in Geneva, with branches 
in Zurich (incorporating the existing business of Barclays 
Bank PLC), Geneva and Lugano. The bank will offer a full 
range of private investment banking and commercial services. 

For further information on Barclays operations in 
Switzerland and for details of how to open an account please 
contact one of the following branches. 


'Blacker 41 
P.O.Box 5172 
8022 Zurich 
Ian Scholey 
Tel: (01) 2211355 
Telex: 813100 


10 Rue d’ltalie 
P.O. Box 135 
1211 Geneva 3 

Alan Dames 
Tel: (022) 286550/ 
Telex: 425247 


Via Marconi 2 
P.O. Box 2797 
6901 Lugano 1 
Gabriel Cohen 
Tel: (091) 259019 
Telex: 845224 



j . 

. From your portfolio card check your 
eight store price movements. Add them 

published on thus page. If it matches you 
bays won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If yon are a 
winner follow the daira procedure on the 
bade of your card You man always have 
your card available when churning. 



.£ 2,000 

. _ Claims required for 
+50 points . 

Claimants sitooid ring 025+53272 



70 33 Srnto St fcOjr 
6<7 419 Sort Ow< 

7te 603 (Man 
(SZ Sfi waoon 

56V th Wan Fjrjo 

300 S» rtWfuM 



26 3ft 

5*7 +3 


77 85 


77 899 



09 175 

E55% +V 

300 a . 


24 190 

Wauuao Reeve 

f i.WiaTTTl I 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £40,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 



H>gn Low Sea* 

SHORTS (Under Free 


93 Treas 

3% 1906 

»% .. 



10'/% 1986 


101 V 

94 V Trees 

12% 198& 


99 'x 


87V Excn 

2'.-% 1980 

95'; -V 



95V Exch 

I3'4fc 1997 



92V Trass 

:iO%% 1987 


84V Ex eft 

2'/*- 1987 

9*'. a . 

100V 9*V ExCh 

10'.-% 1997 


96% 88 Fund 6^% '985-87 

3 V 92V Hw 10% 1987 
V S3 3 . Trass 3% 1987 
ica>. 94 Trow 12% 1987 
96 89% Haas 7%% 198S-88 


91V Em 

10V% 1988 



90V Trees C9%% 1988 



79V Trans 

3% 1978-88 



88% Trees 

9':% 1988 



95% Trots 

11':% 1989 



90VTra*s 10V% 1989 



90 V Excn 

10% 1989 




10'.% 1909 



78V Em 

2':% 1990 


+ '9 


90V Em 

11% 1969 


• . 


79 Trass 

5% 1986-89 



T03V 94V Em 

11% 1990 



98 Trass C9V% 1909 


P . 

79 Treas 

3% 1909 


— 'll 

109% 100 Treas 

13% 1990 

109 V 


99V Excn 

12'/% 1990 


♦ 'a 


75% Trass 

3% 1990 



88% Trees 

8V% 1907-90 



91 '.Treas 

10% 1990 


♦ 'a 



'06% +V 
89 s " +V 
10*’. +V 
112V +V 
101 % *•* 
103'. +V 
111 ♦ 
lift 1 . ■+'« 
100 '* +'• 
113'.- +V 
87 V •+% 

12S'» + '• 
118 • +'. 
114*1 +V 

96'.- +% 
111 '. +'« 
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102'. *V 
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133'. +V 
121 '. + '. 
80 •. 
122 '. + '. 
10*’. +V 

133’* +'• 
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100 '. -« 
138% a- •. 
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1 (J 4 . 

'24 . 


10% 2001 103> 

»%% son mi . - . 

14S, 199601 129 - 

10% 2002 103‘.W- 

12% 199MZ 116'- 
9'*% 2002 102'. - 

10% 2003 104*. - 

13*.% 2000-03 129 . - 
11V% 2001-04 114'.®- 
10% 2004 104'. - 

3';% 1M94H 56 

9'/% 20W i(p\- - 

9 ';% 2005 101 •- 

10 A. 2005 BOS-.*. 

12'i% ZWJ3-C5 124 - 

6% 2002-06 89'. 
11*.% 2003-07 117:. - 
13';% 20&MB 132':®- 
b'i% 2008-12 87 - 

7*.% 2012-15 87-. - 
11% 2013-17 128’. - 


43 36'aGonKfe 4% 

38*. 33'* WV Lf 3':% 

Kh «l Gonv 3';% 

32% 286 Tmas 3% 

27 '1 23% Cannot. 2';% 

27’.- 23V Tress 2 :% 


118'.- IBS'; Trass IL 2% 1988 
IfBV 9» Truss IL 2*4 1990 
1146 108 Tna IL 2% 1996 
103'/ 9S'« Trm IL2';% 2001 
1B3') 93’: Trees R2’i* 2003 
106*. SB'. Trans IL 2% 2006 
103*. 92% Trans IL2 :% 2009 
108’. 97 Tr84S ILZ';% 2011 
9i'. 70% Treat IL2'4. SOU 
99'. 97% Tree* ILS'A. 5016 
98*i 98'; Trees IL2':% 2020 


330 IS 
723 *71 

81 38 

107 a 
573 258 
199 119 
530 40S 
48S 225 
825 417 
633 Z70 
198 159 
2S4 148 
32B 225 
484 324 

BS 58 
177 124 
27H 120 

93 57 

244 179 
338 106 
205 126 

40'. 27% 
410 25S 
2S0 164 
278 m 
236 183 
401 270 

245 in 


WHO-Lions 300 

Baas 720 

a anrai 43 

BrxMngtone 107 

Brown (Matthew) 465 

Buhner (W PI 1GB 

Bwomom Brow 520 

Otrk (Menhew) 480 

OMM u*l 805 

Osnsara 62i 

Own WNOty 187 

Orm Wng 2lfl 

Gumneea 281 

Hardys & Hensons 49 

m/i wi d DaO 82 

kiraroaroon Dud IBB 

Ml Dad 278 

Homan Thomp so n 91 

Mortond 244 

EA Bre w eri es 223 

Scat INI. 200 

Sangrani E37V 

Su 381 

wmayaad 'A' 268 

Oa B 281 

WM3MMO m» 223 

W ttv rtmtn SO «83 

Touna A - 230 

11.6 39 178 

21ft 31 153 

1.1 2.6 239 

42 MILS 
Kft 017.1 
70 4.1 137 
IO 29 122 

10.7 2ft 199 

IB 6 23 239 

229(1 17 127 

790 44 134 
74 13 169 

103 27 117 

24.1 23 114 

29 14 189 

11 37 121 

89 22 .. 
33 22 167 
11 17 139 

109b 89 126 

41.1 1.1 . . 

159 4.1 14.7 

104 39 115 

102 29 123 

69 43 229 
122 25 179 
9.4 4.1 184 

IB *9 BSA 108 

484 308 Bowman* _ «8B 

234 104'/ Dr Telecom 90p P 317 

(09 70 Proud BOUT KM IS 

31 10 Bulan (AFJ A 15 

309 94 CASE 99 

m 4*0 CnbtoSWnMss 680 

378 IBS Cemendae Ewe 303 

220 138 CAP Op 21S 

S3 26 CMnli 44 

226 129 DO 7’i% CPF 192 

270 193 Carnap 263 

305 20G Cmy Sect 301 

2*0 95 CrysUMH 213 

86 61 OM Bed 77 

190 97 Deteeera 190 

37 14 OwIMIt A 37 

350 245 Dotiwo 345 

49 31 Oowdmg&M* *9 

212 134 ^ 

65 38 «S 

56 38 EKCMmc Rra& 58 

284 166 Emese UsMng 

380 258 Eirodum 365 

263 138 FhiMBM 2*6 

184 1 04 Ferranti _ 154 

203 89 FMCndaElK 202 

40 20 Forward Tech 36 

220 ISO DEC 202 

1B4 94 Groswor 102 

129 78 WmO Beet 101 

163 133 *a- IS 

373 3*3 kn Sra* * DonatfiBS 

210 130 Jam Stroud 210 

215 65 Km* 138 

341 218 Inc BnMgnraMn 271 

MB'. 98 Loam 184 

340 220 MKOra 330 

430 235 Memee *30 

235 3* 4*470 BS « 

970 100 snero Focus 185 

98 33 MMoroBnc 55 

9* 99 Hk*TVf Elect 61 

45 18 Newnran sa 

283 170 Nswmtm (LOWS) 270 

104 76'/ NEJ 104 

172 22 Domes 38 

507 238 Oxford m mm ents 500 

44 20 Ptscoai 21 

184’. 95% PIHpS Bn 5 >j% C15B 
17'/ 10 PlWos Lamps HJV C1BV 
205 ITS Pfto 190 

180 111’.- Da -A- ua vacne 138 
224 114 Ptexuy 222 

22'. 13*. Do ADR 2S E2Z'. 

24 22 72 
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28 1314.1 
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1.7 06 204 
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6.4 n as S5S 

4.1 73 


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lft 273 


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12 285 

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80 22 Quasi Autonranon 33 

288 120 nscmancl 202 

196 142 Ftoullw 180 

555 382 SchoMIGHI 5« 
88 7l Sharrock 78 

140 21 Souid DAmon «!'/ 

289 72 STC 118 

204 1 37 Smnn Md 20* 

134 74 Systsm Dimgrors 12* 

21*. 10*. TDK £14'. 

230 188 Tntaphone Ranods 205 
400 M TaMmntrn 92 

494 301 Thom EMI 479 

190 149 Thorp# (FW1 190 

385 1GB Tunsttf Tnlncom . 295 
276 158 UB 262 

308 173 Unmet* 2S3 

289 72 STC 

204 137 Smnn Md 

350 238 UW innsxra 263 

270 ISO llu Sdanttc ISO 

394 244 VQ Uial iunwn is 394 

m >23 van* 273 

82 40 WdUnm S nU CW n 03 

103 56 wiidworm Bsc 88 

32S 220 WMahM Fining 270 

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22 25125 

28 37 137 



250 90 
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321 '94'. 

19-r m, 
480 22S 
15'/ B'/ 
590 21S 
444 351'a 
Si7 332 
475 380 
5*8 423 
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264 10*'. 
197 7«'.. 

372 249 
82 65 

248 131 

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101 ' 










23V A>CO H/V Bearer 
121 A»ed Coeuds 

273 Amersnam 

180 Anchor Chemical 

78 BTP 

51% Bay* DM50 

100 BNgden 

ID* Bud enema 

9V Br Banzot 

79 Caiwwig IW) 

224 CoUtte 

131 CoekH Bros 

112 DO 'A 

14 Gary (Noracef 

116 Crona 

92 Do DM 
(50 Eks 7 Everard 
its Fosaco-Mmseo 

88 HaHBSd (James) 
310 Hickson 

51 Hornet DM50 

630 Imp Cnem Ind 

270 Labor* 

04 Leigh 

141 Plysu 

S3 Reedrook HUgs 
128 Renwm 

94 5MA BPO 

102 WoKterawkne He* 
SG verhsrera Cham 






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12 a 




48 108 






11 * 

Bft 89 








35 3&B 



Beene (James) '* 



12 174 










Biacu Lm 






1 4 

24 43ft 





23 305 




21 20ft 



• .. 


25 334 





13 Bft 







71 11* 



ComDrad En&vi 



40 277 



Courts (Firm) A' 


• +2 


47 120 



DAK Senpian A' 




Dewtwp (U) 



1 4 

16 21.0 



Drums Grp 


■ +2 


07 37* 




14 21ft 



Eks ft Ck*teSS“> 



42 10ft 





1.9 33.4 



Emore Stems 



21 297 






20 2*9 



Ekokh Oomes 



. i 

. 19.1 



Fine An Dax 



18 22ft 

Ford fUeren) 





45 95 







20 238 




• - 


7ft 10ft 



Cent SR 




45 31.6 






19 851 




10 7 







13 275 







23 179 



Do A 


• -3 


10 14ft 






24 227 



HsVne Of LcndOn 



82 9i 





• -1 


U 146 



Home Cnsm 




1421 1 



Ha®a Of Lame 



97 112 



Jones (Ernest) 




71 17 T 



Laowa Pnde 


• -I 







*9 212 



lm Com* 




30 73 






12 379 



Lraroft KiW 




5ft lift 



Midi 8 Spencer 



27 284 



Manxes (Jdhni 




1ft 20.0 






1.0 47ft 



Mow BltK 




12 *42 



NSS Kswkoms 




17 14ft 





+ 1 


20 307 



OrSf <GI 



15 251 



Du Proa 












PBt»5 Sitese 



1 4 

20 335 



Prefloy (AUradi 




71 19ft 



Rainer? umuIh) in 



29 392 





1 ! 

24 .. 





22 377 



Do -4 







S 7 U Saw* 


. 255 



Samuel |H1 



35 441 



Do A 



7J 21.0 







35 167 



Srafli (WH) A" 




24 21ft 



Do B 




24 212 



Stsruy (AO) 



43 233 






IT 197 






14 204 



Suwe Cmnes 





Superorug Stores 














Tuns ProdiKTO 



76 146 









Vera ora w/m 




3ft 11-7 



WW Grot« 



lift" 3ft 10ft 



Warn wrug 




37 11 4 1 




108 lr 





71 279 




AB Ben 









Apieot Conautn 



22 76 






AftontK Comp 




07 15ft 



A«i<#0 FkfcWy 




Auto Sec 







47 137 


186 128 
27 18 

375 253 
310 194 
12B 88 
679 544 
260 IB 
15'/ 6 

316 IBS 

206 133 
128 66'/ 
19S 140 
150 80 
78 37*i 

166 l3l 
181 108 
200 130 
192 11S 

295 112 
286 149 

189 84 
316 193 
313 220 
868 548 
226 160 
2S8 143 

83 52 

612 389 
284 170 
108 47'/ 
» 47 

638 498 
605 25* 
113 78'/ 
19* 94 

270 197 
83 67'i 

304 Z04 
172 130 
137 105 
210 122 
473 340 
402 288 
148 117 

190 20 
«10 418 
348 218 

296 140 

S93 164 

159 90 

ASDA-MF] 148 

AVxnfl DrHrt 22‘> 

Assoc Bsnan** 111 

Am* 544 

fl*r*s (SkJnay Ct 245 

Barkar 6 Dobson 14': 
BvrfAO) 317 

BatMO Foods 188 

aedars 96 

B*t*n 158 

BUM* Cord US 

Br Vending (8VT) 76 

Cjdbuv-S ci mudP M 180 
Cam MrBng 181 

Ckrtords Danas 200 

Do A- 192 

ar £ 

Funar (Albeit) 187 

FrKil Low* 263 

Stes* QknW 256 

Hukmood Foods B63 

WMs 188 

MMowii Wdgi 241 

Hama F«m 80 

(cUund Frozan 554 

Kw* Sasa 280 

Lana (Join J) toe 

Lomiran 05 

Low (Wm) COO 

uwnawa (Bemud) 600 
*4aef Trade Supp 110 
Mrolaon m 19* 

NKhOt* UN) (VknaK 3*5 
Monnaro 7t*i 

Bi Foods 262 

Nixon 7 P e a coc k I72 
Park Foods 131 

RUM 210 

Rownrme MX 467 


Swxponax 168 

TOM 8 t*fe sas 

urn Btsorts 2*0 
Wauon a Pimp ISO 

4.1 27 187 
27 117 .. 

1 1.1 n 23172 

70 20 143 

47 71310 
177 11 177 

14.0 67 73 

. . . . 234 

121 27 93 
9-7 53 119 
10 11 11.8 
17 26 177 
7.4 74 32.7 

27 27128 
14 4.7 113 
77 43 113 
93 47153 
93 57144 

9> 33 273 

22 1.7 251 
147 52 21.4 
53 22193 

113 13 28.0 
44 23 ITS 

77 23 143 
43 S3 73 

78 1 6 27.7 

67 27 19.1 
21 17 153 

43 45673 

17.1 23 179 

11.1 13 273 

75 73 167 

1.7 77 293 

73 33 18.1 

23 35 114 
104 4 0 161 

52 37 163 
64 41 122 

7.9 33 143 

174 37 130 
63 17 261 
41 28 195 

314 S3 fir 

74 22 221 
124 44 183 

114 43 128 
83 S3 197 


388 250 Grand Mai 
265 188 Kerne* Broom 

36* 2*1 Udoroka 
4BS 3*8 Lon Park HnMs 
100 77 Mount Qwriom 

112 67 Praxis Of W Honk 
76 48'/ Owens Meat 

*15 353 S**OjF Morals 'A 
80 29 SVUas 
201 119 Trustnouw Fort* 

370 t -5 130 25 12* 

2B6 2.1 18 13.7 

338 *9 16.1 48 187 
463 . . 143 21 221 

9*': 4-1 20 21 ISO 

98 *1 21 24 157 

78 *1 220 27 21 1 

400 *2 37 07 19 7 

77 • U 22110 

19* U+3 73 40 192 

221 HI 
Z37 162 
128 93 
313 218 
112 71 
322 1*8 
280 138 
ISO 05 
*03 SB 
4 2 2* 

30 I5\- 

425 325 
87 14 

305 165 
«16 303 
57 15’> 

3*5 218 
89 25 
227 52 

*50 278 
87 99 
3S6 248 

45 >8 

226 132 
11B 73 

377 100 
3*5 504 
*50 129 
33 15 

335 as 
205 135 
103 61 

123 60 

168 I0Z'.- 
174 79 

20 190 
99'; 22 
239 79 
3*6 223 
276 160 
10: 5*< 
368 214 
24 15 
138 75 

412 277 
72 38 
57 30 

1M P 
192 99': 
155 US 
192 114 
146 77 
985 153 
383 227'; 
96 3* 
2» 10': 
49 S2 
182 121 
38 19 

78 SO 
233 IB* 
EOS 110 
7l 38 
77 28 

38 25 V 

8 * 33 

400 179 


11 4 , 

27 10 

65 <0 
85'. 65V 

84 48 
255 i«6 

90 89 
588 *01 
3*3 908 
43 31 

M5 73 
1*5 62 

530 380 

191 102 
38 7 

85 61 



AAH 21* *4-1 

AGB nro a eiuh 212 • .. 

AM 100 W+4 

APV 313 

Aaronson 92 *+2 

AQwes* 218 

Alexandra Wwear mo 
Ameer Ind 160 *7 

AptTOdcra 393 -2 

Armscm 35 

Amour 27 

Asn 7 Later 368 

Astro* 79 *2 

Asa Br Eng 8% zbs • 

A3S0C troS 898 -8 

Aurora 57 *1'i 

Avon Rubber 310 -3 

Aynnre MetM bo 

B8A 225 *3 

SET DM 418 a-10 

BETEC 74 *2 

BOC 373 P-4 

mu 4«j -s 

BMimrl. 20S 

Barov i cm 20*. -i 

Bum (Wmj 560 

Biker Parana 283 

Banro ind 165 *2 

8unam 172 *7 

Bedew Raro 36* 

Bentn* Haptxxn 49 -I 

Barton Transport IBS 

Biyroe (Cnxhext 26 • ■»' 

Bestrai CWca 191 *3 

BeauXxd 118 

Baethm 3*8 .7 

Baron Copnedea 
Benox 27 *3 

Benatord (SAW) 226 ■ *24 

P erafcyds 10O »-1 

Beeoak 129 P*i 

Bedobel 779 

Da wwoed 420 -7 

Seven (OF) 31 P-1 

gKo^yi W 

©item (J) 91 

Bund Ouucror 121 •-'/ 

Buirangnani Mn 166 

Back Arrow 151 

Back (Pear) 211 e-2 

BWonoo Hodge SB *1V 

Boaycora 237 -2 

Booker McConnea 343 *5 

Boots 271 *5 

Bauson fwm) 9 

Bonw 31 B >2 

Bownr Inc £21H +1'j 

Braorwiro Gre 123 

Brammer 371 

Br Mway 72 ft+1 

Brangieen 41 

Boogena Do tz 

Brow 156 *2 

Br Blag 5 Eng Am iSS 
Br Steam 192 

Br Syphon 128 

Br Vs* 265 

Broken HR 310 - 

Biomurow mas 53 

Bronx en 20 

Broou Tool 43 • 

Brawn 7 Tawse >80 • 

Brown (John) 21 

Bnanons (Hus) sa - 

Btfkugn 285 •< 

Bmgau 206 

SurtKmnoenon S3 ■* 

Camford Ena 7S • 

Cwarg MO 33 

Cape iro 84 « 

Caroo Ena 375 - 

Duunus U / 

Gewnan 38 

CerraR 8 STOW 6 

cemewar ind i9v 

CM Md 65 

Ownhetwi Ml 77V- 

Ownbertm 7 HR 83 

cneror caro 2*1 

Chad Foufci Lyrch 90 
Owmrmg 685 < 

Onuai bn 321 

Ctvror Hunt 37 

CRrfce (CkHnenq 205 

Cbmai Son 123 

Cohen [A i . 430 • 

CoKroS Qo 1ST , 

CamtMMc Teen i8 

Concenlnc 86 

101 4.7 17J) 

9ft 4ft 228 
72 72 113 

16 1 5.1 35 B 

6ft 6ft 112 
11.1 6.1 139 

7.1 25 215 

27 6ft 10ft 
16 22 21.7 

.. 71 

03 J.l 139 
28ft 79 112 
.. . . 594 

lift 4ft .. 
117 4.7 174 

I.IB 1ft 173 
91 2ft 11.1 

2.1 2ft 21.5 
2ft 13 272 

21ft 52170 
11 2ft 9ft 
134 3ft 142 
125 2-8 200 

lift 77 11.7 
. .. 221 
2SJ)b 4ft 13.1 

102 3ft 120 
7ft 4.8 ISft 
2ft 1.7 26 0 

3A 6ft 15ft 
257 122 70 
23 75 . 

9.4 4ft 89 
Bft 78 107 
171 4.6 144 

16 59 14.9 
15ft 80 10ft 
75 75 98 
81 4? 73 

.. e .. 148 
8 6b 2ft 526 
2ft & 7ft 76 
95 2ft Ml 
143 73 9.7 
4.0 4 A 5.6 

54 4ft lift 
6ft S.1 172 
Bft 42 12.7 
2ft 1.1 198 
.. 3*3 
89 36 119 
16ft 48 143 
93 34 179 

1101105 . 

179 48 179 
33 4 41W 
31 11 130 

6.1 3912ft 

74 79 170 
19 0.7 876 
96 5ft 132 
3ft 30 318 

10ft 39113 

1.6 30 117 
IT 33 .. 

lft 42 8ft 
96 53 119 

4 3 74 lift 
II 7 41 136 

29 14 19.6 

30 72 138 
35 33 1ZB 
2ft 73 135 

e S3 
1700 48 Bft 
3ft 59 916 
14 3 J 192 
.. * .. 120 
e . 37ft 

3.1 #8 11 7 

55 7.1 99 
50 80 88 

13.7 75 47ft 

193 34 123 
»9 25 167 
. 115 

75 32 31.7 
107 77 95 
15ft 38 82 

7.1 39 18 ft 

.29 20 
112 52 
920 230': 
350 135 
7ff 22 
7B'z 55 
385 210 
BT 31 
163 m 
149 125 
287'il46 , i 
43 22 
m 350 
278 196'/ 
28*. 15'. 
80 33 

220 135 
127 61 
Iff*. 715 
»1 IDS'r 
240 106 
288 132 
19 ■» 10>> 
389 158 
98 88 
115 73 
111 74 
61 28 
79 12 

91 «B 
87 74 

Cope Mm 
Capon (FI 

Ccurnev Pop" 
Coma be drool 
Croat NKMTOon 
Crown nouxa 
Cumnaro 3VA 


De4ns 7 mm A- 

Demand SMmpnfl 

Oombdgn M 


27 • . 

112 *3 

503 -7 

3*1 • ■ 

63 S 

72 +1 

71 8*4 

IBS W-*3 

£196'/ -45 

480 • 

288 +« 

C 22 '. **• 



M 8-1 


241 +10 

240 *+2 



387 *2 

97 «-1 

KB • .. 

107 -I 

71 +3 

75 +10 

88 9*1 

73 »+1 

32 4ft .. 
134 73 Bft 
73 5ft 17. 
42ft 4J 13.1 
7ft 39 131 
9ft 39 139 
97 3ft 129 
0ft 4ft 179 
75 2ft 228 

7ft 7J 13ft 
7.1 77 lift 
7.5 7.1 7ft 

S.7 7321ft 
77 7ft 17ft 

190 104 TiphocK - 
252 137 Tbahna (FH) 

4«0 308 Trafalgar henta 
Z38 188 TwaavOnanHI 
186 105': Transport On 
18 V 7 Tanpooo . 

84 38 Tntka 

123 29'/ Tnpknt 
192 81 Turner 7 Mawtf 

223 94 UU7 

i2* JO Uraaroup 
15% 998 Ur*rar- 
87v *4V undwer (NV) 

235 164 vator 
*40 210 Vfcfcero 
mo n. Wear Produrai 
208 101 Vtmsn 

175V 32% VHkewagen- 
68 W YtSL 

174 110 ftvada ftutmta 
225 . 96 VKkxxi . 

188 125 Wagon M - 
125 34': Witartora GUM 
IBS 145 vunabaM 
273 81 wnon (B KaMV 
285 160'; Weegnoofl 
133 40 1W 

29 6 Welki ran 

lift 68 Waai • 

285 185 mturan Rmmo 
112 84 wtwsioa 

243 138 Wtnte tzuh 
22 * xa IWa (JSnm) 
800 168 Win Wage 
IBS 126 WR*Gp 
573 137- Well, Mugful 
91 48 Wend (Arne) 

£ 3 SMs*. 

603 370 JEST** 

170 88 YtoiMlM} 




Coat Par 
Gt-Utmwn Att- 
IC On 

ICC 04 - 
tooco .... 
KCA DdBrs'. 
UWI - - 
Do Una 
New London 0* ' 

Ro>m oma 


+■ 4ft 

+5 -11 
+2 7ft 
-12 . lift ' 

I .. lift 

*3 13.0b 

-8 -. VBD 
»-'/ 3ft 

. 2T 


+8 39 : 


ire ro . 
99 as 
87 .21 
71 25 

366 » 
99 '34 
310 45 
371 2M 

Ztf ,4'J 

54 *7 

49 79 

are i36 
520 eaa 
in so 
2» m 

50 28-r 
480V 180 

»’■ 40% 

73> €» 
ITS 133 

or. oa 
33 1 T, 
263 183 
406 US 
2*8 166 

41 24 Bortwac* 

192/127 CMMignp 
IK 83 Brtay I Jwnro) 

475 33 Hameon Qo a eeM- 
*68 290 a whap e 
3 3 JadksMM) 

203 147 - Lonfio 
59 44 Ocron Won 

256 IS Pawrada Zocti 
236 IS Ob A 
295 1» nmrFach 
83 38 Sh Da«r . 

585 468= Slew Bros - 
122 25 Teax Kenatey 

31 153 Tela CUB ' ' 

4 -. 31 13 71 
-1 SJ 10477 
—I . If .11 32 
+1 131 tft 4ft 

” U & « 

^ it at . . 

-3 ai «wi 

,. i . 

-V 43 17M 
-3 174 reft 78 

144. 535 . . 

*T 79 56 78 
-t. n 13ft 




47 ” 




97 74 



to U 



’ , . 

.. 14 

ir* - 

.. 171 



M2 115 10 


-1 . 

.. 214 




t.t 7.1 




• ” 


















' +3 

• 4 


■-a . 




. _ - 








12 12 201 
77 311A5 


146 86 

188 IS 

130 96 

58 22 

235 170 
433 231 
89': S1'» 
81 85 

1*8 78 
M0 . 93 
Z3T 66 
205 124 
340 184 
368 336 
64 32 

225 147 
317 213't 
BO 51 
153 92 

Ban 7 WA 'A* 114 

Botnar 7 Hankaa 133 
Brom WWkar 112 

Cvrnn S2 

GHA if 

iteerBu m ar Braoka 73 
Horaon liavel 122 

Ml LatSW* 123 

Jiftenx-x «dB» » 

Mdurair 155 

ptawnma 3*o 

Reafly Useful 356 

R4e» Lencra 6* 

fszxx s?- 

T o u bbu m p HoMpir 52 
Zetwrs 148 

.. a - 5ft 
Bft 3217ft 
34 1.1- .. 

67a lift Oft 
11 1117ft 

Prices in this acoHou refer 

22 t> Arg Amar Coal 
11V 570 Ana Am 
79 26V Am GOM 
55 SB's AAIT 
40 21 AMMW 

1 30% 13 


37V -1 


17 220 








21 297 

2ft 134 




27 184 



62 -1 

17b 57 6ft 


2*V Lee (Artful 



41 102 








4.1 lift 


78 -2 

10b 3.7 . . 




32 Uoya (Pm 

20V Lock* m 

175 Lon IMM 

58 +'/ 

32'» .. 




84 182 

57 10.7 

13 137 



Do 0M 




Lon A r*hn 

87 +1 


iifl 61 



Lon M 

102 *+2 


3.1 20ft 



103 • . . 


27 21ft 



Lw 6 Bt*®r 

330 +3 


34 107 



ML Hdge 

390 * - 

11.1b 27 217 








22V MY Den 

39V +V 





388 • -3 

137n 3ft 197 


B7V Meeferfats 



21 227 



MeUHan [pawl 

51 +1 


S.1 lift 



196 -1 


77 107 





4ft 127 



Mancneter SKp 

90S • .. 


14 202 


Mwpnm Bronze 

85 -1 


87 77 



119V *-2V 


4ft 197 


51 V Madia 

78 -1 


27 9ft 



Maratw* (UWey) 






Do A- 



47 13ft 



Mushed UH» 

73 -1 


*7 171 




630 -10 


25 22ft 



Metal Brn 

892 +7 


37 104 



MM Ctofasrwa 

1*2 -3 


78 87 



82 +2 

340 4.1 14J 



H*3ial CB4BS 

02V R-V 


97 73 



96 +1 


S1 177 






02 lift 



Moppn Cmaaa 



44 151 





44 11 1 





Ole Oft 170 



NeR U) 

SOS -4 


47 8.7 



Newnam Ttonks 

135 • .. 


71 123 






24 052 



248 -1 


6.1 127 



Olhca Baa Mich 



52 122 



Parti®? Kno* A' 



4.1 13J 


para Pace 

255 -5 


16 217 


Parrish JT 


27 187 



485 -a 





.. 421 . 



103 • . 

9.0n 0.7 137 






5ft 11 8 




BIDV •+'/ 


07 27 2 





Pmde Conatr 

480 -3 

70 • .. 



40 102 

57 123 



770 +15 


16 15ft 



ftxw Cnjdtmn 

223 • . 

Iftn 07 .. 


Powal DuNryn 
Preennen HMta 

282 -4 


7J 171 



154 -4 


Oft 331 


7.5 87 


109 • .. 


57 134 . 




167 -2 




RaoM MbW 

127 -1 


28 .. 


Rar* Oa 

SIT *-B 


42 187 



Ranaome s™ 

184 +2 





HaicMIs tot ai*ra! 105 • . . 


34 37 

T5B -2 









Rs«d lm 

624 +3 




M3 +2 


4ft 117 



72 +2 


14 104 








*70 R+5 





RicardD Eng 

100 a . 


26 17.* 

Rcmd (Lacs) 



1.8 63 


. . « 

.. 132 




Rn*m*«i rmarnaa) 235 +2 

.. 2*2 



47 +3 

.. 4ft 


144 +£ . 

141 +2 




. 31 





44 137 



Russee (A) 




295 M Ayer Ham 
787 255 Bt»»oor» 

187 71 Bmcksu 

37 IP, BuHWs 

392 230 GRA ' ' ■ 
TOO 52 Carr Bard . 
58* 397 -cm OokUMda 
506 257 Os Brora 
280 95 Oeednal 
15V 5% DocnsSonlsfii 
23% 8 V DnaftsKem 
>2 / 3>> Durtnn 
318 1*3 EOaggis 
780 275 a£3Sma 
107 128 B OfO 
2*B 80 Bsom 
*86 233 ERvdGold 
730 2V E Rand Prp 
9 7V PS Cora 
213 84 FB Dm> 

248 43 Grow Tm 

11 4 / GentMl 

12V 4%-Gea Mkxng 
14% S'. GfSA 

888 3*8 GM KWgatM 
175 *3 Gopena 
850 230 BraonSi 
218 113V Hroipian Atom 
13% 4% Hs nnonr 
525 iso Karros 
87 40 Johnses 
1BH 8> Kinross 
. 0-V A HoaT 

276 87 Lesee 

20% 7V Ubanon 
423.193 ixnm 
196 110 MIM 
56 as . Malayan Mftwig 
175 70 MMMIB 

38 14V Mews Expfretlon 

17 7 Khangura 

10'/ 4'/ MXkSa WM 
792 *50 Mkiorco 
5% 2V Nmv Wle 
165 99 NCI Brokan HR 

5*'/ SB'i NV KWrt 
375 IS Nonbgme 
22 V 18% Orange FTO# 
am 93 pmxiKg Tn 
318 205 PakoWaiMM 
33 V 1* Hand MUMS Ud 
800 275 - Rend unes nop 
95 16 Rarattwtn 

^ SI 25*°" 

887 907 HTZ 
. 8V 4V HiMertwig 
26V 8 V a HWena 
279 » SA Lard 

731V 15V Souenraal 
8'x319 SWOrmki 

SS ?2 

875 70 TWycng 

MV 8 T« 

310 103 Tronoh 
80S 335 Unreel 
87 32V V»W Rat'S 

8M 315 Vanwsprot 
170 55 Vumonww 

118 50 Vdgm . 

15 70V UhM CURST 

737 340 Wslfeaai 
420 1*3 Western Anas 

39 16V Wew t n Deep 
M 142 Waswm Mutng 
*70 140 west Rand Coro 
102 104 wen Croak 

31 B% Mnkets 
107 30 Wt Nget 

12 12 Zm*? Copper 
n 32 Zmetpin 





87 . 




37 .. 


- 3ft 

7 . " 


Sift .. 


21 ft . 



ML3 7 .. 



14.7. .. 

" +14. 


74 IU 



8 ft .. 


24 .. 


117 .. 



91 .. 


.. .. 



2 ft.. 



37 147 



7ft .. 

. +9 


7 9 



+a : - 

-4 17.1a 273 2ft 

-V 80ft 7ft :. 
-V 87.0 Bft .. 
-V 46ft 49 .. 


m .. 200 37ft .. 

• . 640 170 .. 
• -2 3ft 13378 

-V £0-8 7ft .. 

-170 BlB..- 
... 346 1ft. .. 
-V 88ft 77 .. 
■ 400 e T£ 

-3 290 23ft 




9ft -. 





a • e 


110 - 


177 1 




. I. • 

■ e 




i> I 


'• w 1 ! ' 


5.1 . 



. . 120 2ft lift 

-V 551 87 .. 

■ +7 

+10 ZBft 16 90 
280 33 68ft 
1». 18ft .. 
180 111 .. 
-V 111 14- . . 

+3-46.0 Bft .. 

-v sea i&2 .. 

-2 549 13.1 .. 

+2 150 118 .. 

4ft 11 11.1. 

+7 efts* tit) ; I 
+2 23JJ 8ft . . 
+'« 17119.. 

■*6 . 30 1ft .. 

-3 12ft .15 . . 

- M'i H Abaca 

80 a AIM Loo . 

T23 70 Apex 
178 70 MmEm- 
M ll 9HBW(CM 
ISO 80 BUgaro 
2*8 212 BMi io(P) 

470 360 OrsAM . 

174 131 . ft Land - 
.158 122 Brnoon 
46 28 CWromASBPB 
230 IBS CuiCcunx 
225- MS -CaroW'RosJ - 
240 173 . Canaownoet . 

*80 400 . CbesWrtMd 
8S3 503V CSOJk “ - . , 

W a-CM»eMl' . 
218 85 CondWb.- . ,- 

43- MYCtMMtSKS - 

siS) 1 ^ 

236 17S Cum •-. 

50 m S3 ‘ 

20 • 5% Oars* ■■ 

168 146 EaMWI 3 Ageody 
>21 -99 Eimm Gan 
199 iao EwatatProp 
92 89 Bran Of Lands.- 
.« 26 Fhe Oaks 
ms i® .Roams. - • 

187 740 a- PonUntf .- 
247. 184, GrrocoK. . -. 

15V MPa HMfcogd Gp . 
520 430- Hem ma uf 
518 411 Do I - 
-180 93 hnrar - 

-260 iB8 HanWwx . 

840 444 ham m ers - - 
325 255 knty 
180 86 Jecrnyn 
315 2B Lin: Prop 
6G 35V hnmtdra 
332 ■ 255 Lend Secret** 
810 188 Lon • EdtoTst. 
205 MO 1 : Do 6V% • 

325 218 Lon 5 Prat Shop 
171 119 Lon Shop Prop 
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26 . 



Edited by Matthew May 


Eureka needs 
a cash boost 

I * £} 


The Eureka research project, 
an attempt by the French to 
offer Europe an alternative to 
the American Star Wars 
programme, is in danger of 
becoming the newest vehicie 
for the inefficient bureaucra- 
cies of European govern- 

Apart from France, no gov- 
ernment seems prepared to 
underwrite the cost of expen- 
sive research and the projects 
themselves are now destined 
to be co-ordinated by a secre- 
tariat. That became increas- 
ingly obvious last week. 

European electronic giants 
like Philips appear reluctant to 
join the programme and are 
typical of the industrialists* 
view that the project lacks 
direction, is high in political 
rhetoric but low in real com- 

In Britain the idea has 
gained approval in Whitehall 
but the lack of real funding 
available to the British com- 
panies questions the UK's 
commitment Could the UK 
government be concerned that 
its funding of Eureka — mod- 
est though it is- be seen as an 
overt act of anti-American- 
ism? What is obvious, howev- 
er. is the government’s firm 
intention nor to create a new 
source of finance 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 

Twenty-six projects which 
span the entire spectrum of 
Information Technology (IT) 
have been approved by the 
participating European mem- 
bers and Britain's contribu- 
tion will derive from the poor 
general research budget of 
£360m for the year. Compa- 
nies can apply for up to 50 per 
cent of research costs and up to 
25 per cent of those for 

The programme clearly 
needs direction and a greater 
commitment from the mem- 
ber states other than France. 
The idea is excellent and can 
only be deemed to be anti- 
American by jingoistic anti- 
Europe Americans. 

Top researchers are to be 
given funding to pursue their 
work in non-defence projects. 
The result of that research, 
embracing every area of IT, is 
meant to marry the talents of 
European companies, both 
large and small, and give the 
continent independence in 

The Eureka initiative was 
unveiled officially in April last 
year by an eager French 
government publicly commit- 
ted to the widespread use and 
development of IT. The pro- 
gramme now involves 18 
European countries — the 12 
member states of the EEC in 
the company of Austria, Fin- 

land, Norway, Sweden, Swit- 
zerland and Turkey. 

The spring declaration was 
followed by a ministerial con- 
ference in Paris in the summer 
when the French, using a great 
deal of their political clout, got 
the member states to support 
•the idea. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, observed 
protocol by declaring Britain's 
commitment but in the same 
breath ensured that the gov- 
ernment would not be har- 
nessed to a high research bill. 
The monies for the research, 
he emphasised, would come 
from British industry. 

The government an- 
nounced last week that it will 
host a ministerial conference 
in June. Politicians and bu- 
reaucrats will be there in 
abundance. At the same time 
the government assured us 
that it and the other EEC 
member governments had a 
major role to play. 

That role, they claim, is: 

• To ensure that informa- 
tion about projects and pro- 
posals is circulated widely; 

• To identify the need for 
action by national and inter- 
national bodies: and 

• To focus discussion on 
obstacles to the collaborative 
research ventures. 

Nowhere is there a hint in 
this brief that special EEC 
funds be made available to the 
project that tax incentives be 
given to companies able and 
willing to fund long research 
programmes and that large- 
scale financial assistance be 
given to small companies. 
There are now 26 projects 
approved with another 42 ia 
the pipeline. There are six 
British companies taking pan 
in these projects. 

The high technology com- 
panies of Europe do not need 
governments to co-ordinate 
their research. They may need 
money and political help in 
trying to prize open those 
lucrative international mar- 
kets like the US and Japan 
which are closed to most 
European manufacturers. 
Those are the roles that the 
Eureka governments could 
usefiilly play. Any other is 

• The Japanese have been 
trying to canvass support in 
Britain and the rest of Europe 
for their own research pro- 
gramme as an alternative to 
Star Wars and a competitor to 
Eureka. Reports from Tokyo 
indicate that a 20-year pro- 
gramme is being planned with 
a fund of £4,000 million. All 
the main industrial countries 
of the West — Canada, the 
United States, West Germany. 
France. Italy and Britain — are 
being sought by the Japanese 
for partnerships. Advanced 
computer research is one of 
the subjects prominent on the 
research agenda. 

Screen with a lot of poise 

By Matthew May 

Is this likely to be the new look 
for the computerised office of 
the 1990s? Looking for a new 
display technology that can 
remove the bulky computer 
terminal from the office desk 
will no doubt eventually be- 
come as much of a concern as 
the need for flat screens to 
provide lightweight displays 
on portable computers. 

In fact, this example on 
display in Hanover is the first 
for desktops, say the Norwe- 
gian manufacturers Ask LcdLIt 
is based on the current tech- 
nology used in portables.the 
liquid crystal display, though 
with some improvements. 

Such displays usually have 
problems in matching the 
capabilities of desktop termi- 
nals and can be difficult to 
read from certain angles or in 

some lighting conditions. 
Hence the fact that they have 
so far been used in portables 
where the option of lugging 
around a conventional cath- 
ode ray tubes is not feasible 

Other technologies which 
provide better quality displays 
such as gas plasma or electro- 
luminescent screens are in 
development, but they are 
expensive and consume too 
much power to run off batter- 
ies easily. 

However, as the pictue 
shows, there are clear advan- 
tages in being able to reduoe 
computer displays to a glori- 
fied anglepoise lamp. Screens 
can easily be moved and 
positioned, take up little desk 
space and this particular “flex- 
ible tele-visual system" is 
clearer and easier to read than 
the screens used on portables. 

It is the same screen size as 

standard terminals^an be pro- 
vided with a light behind the 
screen to improve legibility 
and will work with the IBM 
PC or any of the compatibles. 

So far die screens are still in 
the prototype stage but should 
be available commercially this 
summer in two options — 
Mack text displayed on either 
a yellow or grey backrotmd. 
Price will initially be a fairly 
steep £800, around the price of 
many colour terminals, 
though it should become 
cheaper if the idea takes off 

Stepping carefully through 
the minefield of conflicting 
reports on the health hazards 
of using computer terminals, 
the m an ufacturers hint that as 
liquid crystal display screens 
do not have the glare or flicker 
of conventional terminals 
they could even be better to 
work with. 

The Japanese have words for it 

■ The most impressive 
demonstration at this year's 
Hanover exhibition comes 
from a pilot office system dem- 
onstrated by the Japanese 
firm Ricoh which can link to- 
gether voice commands, 
photos ana diagrams and even 

Though it is arguable how 
useful voice recognition will 
ever be to the average of- 
fice the ability to enter hand- 
written or typed notes and 
graphics automatically into foe 
system and then 
quickly manipulate it into a 
page surtabfs for printing — 
the example used was a page 
for a travel brochure — has 
obvious advantages. As foe 
system is still in develop- 
ment Ricoh was unable to 
comment on two important 
questions — how much it will 
cost and whether it will be 
able to read doctor's handwrit- 

■ A small computerized 
unit available next month 
should simplify foe detec- 
tion of counterfeit gold bars 
and coins made from in- 
ferior alloys. Any item made of 
gold has its own particular 

acoustic resonant frequency 
and foe unit can measure 
this using a chip-controlled 
ultrasound technique. 
Ultrasound waves, in- 
audible to the human ear, 
cause the gold bar or coin 
to vibrate. The testing unit will 
measure the maximum 
vibration frequency and com- 
pare it with foe true value of 
the object if it is genuine. The 
West German firm 
Degussa, which developed the 
tester, will sell it in Britain 
for around £2,500. 

■ The computer arm of the 
diversified West German grant 
BASF has announced a la- 
ser printer that will print 88 
pages a minute. Aimed at 
companies with huge printing 
■ requirements, one example 
given was of a customer who 
needed to print 600,000 
pages a month, ft is likely to 
cost £85.000 to £90.000. 

In Britain BASF is about to 
start an advertising campaign 
in the computer press as it 
is concerned about its image. 
Most people appparentiy 
still identity the company with 
audio and video tapes even 
though its data technology di- 

vision is now larger. 

■The progress towards a 
paperless factory is being fea- 
tured in a computer inte- 
grated manufacturing system 
being demonstrated at 
Hanover by McDonnell Doug- 
las. A variety of computers, 
terminals, robots and design 
workstations have been 
finked with foe aim of showing 
how integrating the dif- 
ferent functions of factory 
production could improve 

whkfohasbeen developed 
from one designed for air- 
craft manufacture, can also be 
linked to a network foafcan 
allow drawings, reports and 
company invoices to be ex- 
changed between companies 
regardless of the brand of 
computer system being used. 

or fail’ 

By Frank Brown 
Britain and tbe test of Europe 

could lose its leading rede in ' 
optical processing — a new 
technology that could revolu- 
tionize computing and com- 
munications — . if industry 
does not fund and participate, 
in its further development- .-. 

This stark warning was 
given by 'Professor Desmond 
Smith of Heriot-Watt Univer- 
sity, Edinburgh, who leads the 
research team that has devel- 
oped the world’s first optical 
processor. Professor- Smith 
was speaking at the premiere 
of a working model ' of tire 
processor at the Hanover exhi- 
bition of information technol- 
ogy, now oh . in the West 
German city. 

Optical processing uses la- 
ser beams to process data at 
least 1,000 times fester than 
current computers. At the 
centre of the new technology 
are optical logical dements 
developed by Heriot-Watt 
that can perform the same 
basic logic and switching func- 
tions as electronic transistors. 

The new elements consist of 
an ultra-thin film of crystal 
material upon which a laser 


beam, called the “ hold” 
beam, is focused to maintain 
the device just below its 
switch-on level. A second 
weaker beam is focused on the 
same point and gives controL 

Marginally increasing the 
control beam is enough to 
raise the intensity of the input 
light to turn the element on, 
thereby increasing greatly tire 
level of light output Thus a 
very small change in input 
light intensity causes a large 
change in output light intensi- 

The device is, therefore, bi- 
stable. it can be switched on 
and off — the two stales 
corresponding to the 0s and Is 
of digital processing. Combi- 
nations of the new devices can 
be arranged to form logic 
gatg&, amplifiers, and switches 
to perform any digital process- 
ing function. 

They can also be linked and , 
arranged to operate continu- 
ously as a computer, process- 
ing and storing information 
optically instead of electroni- 

Professor Desmond South, right, of Heriot-Watt University 
and Professor PMandel of the University Libre in Brussels 
with tbe worhTs first working model of an optical processor. 
Currently on show at the Hanover Cebit Fair the model 
opens up the possibility of computers capable: of operating 
1,000 times aster than present day electronic computers. It 
coaMalro boost cim«m i»inc at l 6nshy. siii»pBfyhq{ ftense of fi- 
foe-optic cable and accelerate the adoption of optical 
networks capable of. carrying .voice, 'data, television and 
other video traffic shmdtaneoasly. . 

The technique also opens 
up the possibility of powerful 
parallel processors that 'can. 
(any out thousands of tasks 
simultaneously instead of seri- 
ally. - • 

Such machines wifi be pow- 
erful aids for astronomy, sci- 
entific research, weather 
forecasting and military appli- 

Optical processing devices 
could also accelerate the adop- 
tion of fibre-optic communi- 
cations networks whose 
. implementation has been bin-, 
dered by the lade of . cost- 
effective switching and 
branching devices. 

TV phones that will enable 
subscribers to see their callers 
will also be possible. A signifi- 
cant advantage from the mili- 
tary viewpoint is that Optical 
processors are significantly 
less, vulnerable to nuclear 
radiation. ' 

The processor on show at 
Hanover has been developed 
under the ; . European 
Commission's EJOB (Europe- 
an Joint Optical Bistability 
Project) that co-ordinates re- 
search teams in Britain, 
France, Belgium. Italy, and. 

; The prt^ect was cstablished 
W 1984 and. 4s seheduted fo.-. 
end in July. The commission 
has promised further support, 
but not enough to fmancethe 
considerable amount of re- - 
search work. stiD needed. - 

Professor Smith said the 
technology has been devel- 
oped .to the sage where the 
results of the research could be 
developed for commercial ap- 
plications. How rapidly they 
would ' become- ’Commercial 
product, however, depends on 
how quickly they were taken 
up by industry, -he says. 

- A few British firms have 
expressed interest but compa- 
nies in other European coun- 
tries have been more positive. 

He estimated that Europe 
had about ! a year's lead in 
optical-processing technology, 
but this will soon be lost if 
industry does not take action. 
/Considerable development 
is being undertaken in the 
: USA., and Japan.. The Penta- 
gon jwxntly formed a consor- 
tium "Of nine research 
orgpuizations, including seven 
muveisities whkh are being 
funded as part of the Strategic 
Defence Initiative to produce 
an optical computer. 

■ Heriot-Watt has already re- 
ceived a substantial study 
contract front Dayton Univer- 
sity, the SDTmain contractor. 
To try to foster further devel- 
opments in optical processing, 
Herioi-Watt has-madc its new 
elements available commer- 
.tiafiy&usingh Edinburgh In- 
struments, a Scottish firm 
which is closely associated 
with the university in the 
development of lasers and 
other optical devices. 

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■-T ■ 


phy. Perhaps one 
that philosophy co 
placed too much er 
ethics — and he e 
numbers to move u 
realization that ] 
has arrived at the a 



By Elizabeth Fowler 

Artificial intelligence* an in- 
dustry of the fiiture, wifi need 
more Philosophers, judging by 
an American course in. logic 
and computation being of- 
fared at CamegicMellon Uni- 
versity in Pittsburgh. 

Dr Gaik Giymour, profes- 
sor of philosophy at the 
university, speaks of an in- 
creased demand for philoso- 
phy graduates, “ft may seem 
odd," he- said. “What hap- 
pened is that some years ago 
philosophy grew closely con-' 
- netted -to logical .theory, 
which, in turn, was the 
.of computer algorithms in- 
volved in the development of 
digital computers. 

-. “Programmers for compute 
ere are a dune a dozen, but 
wltat is needed are people who- 
\can take vaguely fonned-prob- 
tems and and ways to make 
them pr ecise enough to be 
programmed. This is what 
philosophers can do and they 
are planning a major role in 
artificial intelligence." 

Like the h uman mind, so- 
called. intelligent machines, 
such as equipment for medical 
diagnoses, must be capable of 
applying the knowledge it 
acquires - . intelligence that 
must be programmed in. 

The connection between 
philosophy and high technol- 
ogy has been reaching under- 
graduate level and Caraegie- 
Mellon began a course six . 
months ago called Logic and 
Computation,- involving 
studying, the technical and 
theoretical issues in artificial 

All along. Dr Giymour said, 
there have been radical mis- 
conceptions about philoso- 

reason is 
courses have 
emphasis on 
expects the 
up with the 


Many leaders in artificial 
intelligence have backgrounds 
in philosophy, with emphasis 
on logical though Lsuch as Dr 
Herbert Simon, of the Camo- 
gie-Mellon faculty, who is a 
Nobel Prize winner. 

When Dr Bruce Buchanan, 
professor of computer science 
at Stanford University, de- 
signed the Dendral program, 
which helps chemists to iden- 
tify the structure of molecules, 

be called on his background in 
philosophy courses taken at 
Michigan State University. 

Core elements of the course 
include logic and computabil- 
ity, probability and artificial 
intelligence, fundamental 
structures of computer science 
and minrig, machines and 
knowledge. It also requires 
mathematics — including cal- 
culus— statistics* philosophy, 
linguistics and psychology. 

Professional career oppor- 
tunities open for graduates of 
the new course includes re- 
search programming, artificial 
intelligence, program develop- 
ment and the industrial appli- 
cations of computational 

NY Times News Service 

The chips are down in Vegas 

Computers experts have been warned not to 
take any of their equipment Into casinos in Las 
Vegas daring an international conference there 
in June. 

Jeremy UHL of John Ritl Travel, which is 
handling conference bookings fur .British 
delegates, said casino owners were worried that 

computers could be used in card games to 
accept details of cards which had been dealt — 
then to work out the odds of wiaaing a hand. 

Botin London a computer expert said: “Yon 
would have to be pretty deft to tap in the rele- 
vant information about particular cards as they 
were dealt." 

CD & PC: A marriage 
is announced 

By Geqf Wheelwright 

A strange marriage of technol- 
ogy rook place in Seattle, 
Washington last week. The 
compact disc (CD) and the 
personal computer (PC) were 
joined together in a quiet 
ceremony before several hun- 
dred of the top people in the 
international electronic and 
computer business. 

Tboogh the couple had been 
tiring together for some tune, 
talk of any official link up 
between them was not possible 
until the supporters of each 
could sit down and discuss the 
terms of the arrangement. 

It looks like more than a 
marriage of convenience. 

The mass information stor- 
age capabilities from the CD 
technology - which has made it 
a hugely popular medium for 
storing high quality music (its 
developers claim that more 
than 2 million CD player units 
have been sold in less than 
three years) - could perfectly 
complement a growing need 
for quick information retrieval 
among PC users. Last week's 
conference, sponsored by US 
software house Microsoft, was 
an attempt to bring an early 
set of standards to the busi- 
ness of hooking together the 
two technologies deciding how 
the information will be physi- 
cally set out cm the compact 
disc and how It will be 
displayed on the screen. 

Ft was not, however, just an 
obscure conference of boffins 
deciding on how bits and bytes 
wiD pass between computer 
and compact disc player. 

Among the attendees were 
Microsoft boss Bill Gates, 
Digital Research founder (and 
long time Gates rival) Gary 
KDdalL along with senior ex- 
ecutives from Apple, Borland, 
Hitachi and Ashtoa-Tape. 

The conference also attract- 
ed the attention of large 
reference work publishers, 
who see CD-ROM (Compact 
Disc-Read Only Memory, the 
nam e given to the technology 

which allows CD players to 
store computer information) as 
a way of offering reference 
books on relatively low cost 
computer storage media. 

The American Gnrtkr com- 
pany, which publishes a popu- 
lar encyclopedia in the US, 
has already Invested a good 
deal of money in CD computer 
technology and now offers a 
version of its name encyclo- 
paedias on CD-ROM. 

This is made possible be- 
cause the compact disc can 
hold more than 60 times the 
amount of information on a 
standard business computer's 

More than 60 times 
the information 

ten megabyte hard disc infor- 
mation storage system. 

Even with the huge capaci- 
ties of existing CD systems, 
however, you still cannot store 
a lot of information as TV- 
style pictures of encyclopedia 
pages. All the information in 
the encyclopedia most be 
keyed in by the publishing 
company to create a master 
disc through which copies are 

Companies such as Grolier 
are hoping that meetings like 
the one in Seattle last week 
will allow the industry to 
establish a standard for 
“squashing down" the infor- 
mation on CD-ROM discs so 
that actual pictures of each 
encyclopedia page, complete 
with illustrations, can be 
encoded on a CD-ROM rather 
than displaying information 
just as simple text. 

"My wife doesn't understand 
my PC 

Reprieve for paper in the office 

By Richard Sarson 

Computers are supposed to 
create the paperless office 
because they can hold docu- 
ments on their discs and 
display them on their screens. 
But paper is making a come- 
back as output for computer 
systems on the executive's 

The device that has re- 
launched paper is the cheap 
laser printer. This does not 
print a character at a time, or a 
line at a time — like normal 
impact printers — but a page at 
a time. This makes it about 10 
times as fast- Being non- 
impact, it is also half as noisy. 

Butmost important it prints 
drawings, graphs, pie-charts 
and even photographs with as 
much ease as texL Previously, 
to print graphics you were 
stuck with matrix-printing 
which was slow and spotty, or 
graph plotters which were 
accurate but expensive and 
did not handle text well. 

One company with high 
hopes that laser printers will 
be a new growth market is 
Rank Xerox, which built its 
copier business on creating 
paper, ft is gambling its com- 
puter business — so far not 
notably successful — on the 
proposition that the laser 
primer will open up new 
markets for paper by its ability 
to print both words and 

Carlos Pascual. Rank 
Xerox's director for business 
systems, is aiming at the in- 
house printing departments of 
large companies. The desk-top 
micro and laser primer can 
produce training manuals, 
technical sales catalogues, 
sales proposals and internal 
company newspapers. Before 
the laser a lot of this work was 
farmed out to printing firms 
which, its proponents aigue, 
usually cost more and always 
took longer. 

Education and the profes- 
sions can also use laser- 
printers. says Mr Pascual, for 
examination papers in techni- 
cal subjects, theses, syllabi and 
research papers. Lawyers, es- 
tate agents, surveyors and 
designers will be able to turn 


Carlos Pasciml: Aiming at in-house printing departments 

out a better quality of printed 


The final target will be the 
small jobbing printers who 
could use a laser printer to do 
most of their low-volume 
work that does not need too 
glossy a finish. 

Xerox has other strengths in 
this new world of document 
management, ft was they who, 
after all. invented the mouse 
and icon idea. They have used 
this for the software that 
shufiles chunks of text and 
graphics around the VDU. 

Their screen is full A4 size, 
so you can build up a full page, 
ready for the laser 10 print it. 

At the lower end of the 
market Apple says it now 
expects to sell 30 percent of all 
Macintosh computers to this 
marketplace, which it calls 
“personal publishing." 
Commodore's Amiga is also 
partly aimed at this area — it 
can connect direct to typeset- 
ting machines. 

Xerox has trained its 7.000 
copier salesmen across Europe 
to sell its document 
managment system — a huge 
force to attack an untried 
segment of the market. If it 
succeeds Xerox will finally 
make a mark on the comput- 
ing scene. 



An opportunity has arisen to join the UK Systems 
Recruitment Division of a major world wide 
recruitment organisation. 

Ideally you'll be an experienced DP Consultant 
with the technical awareness and interpersonal 
talent to co-ordinate the replacement of DP 
people with employers throughout the UK. 

We offer you genuine scope for personal reward 
and career development 

CV please to Joy Adams: 


01-439 4001 




We are looking for experienced Analysts to join our Database Administration 
Group. They are involved in the development of a wide variety of applications — 
technical systems for oil rigs, commercial systems for marketing, management 
information and decision support system. 

- You will be responsible for business data analysis, database design and 
implementation, and strategic recommendations. You will use the most up to 
date techniques and software. Applicants must be educated to degree level and 
have a minimum of 2 years relevant work experience within a data base 
environment Good communications skills are essential as you will be liaising 
with all levels of personnel 

A salary commensurate with age, experience and qualifications will be 
offered along with company benefits usually associated with a large 

Please write, giving full career details, to: 

Ms. A. Ellison, Personnel Officer, Recruitment, 

Texaco Limited, 1 Knightsbridge Green, 

London SW1X7QJ. 

We are an equal opportunity employer. 

Software Developers 

Up to <£20,000+ benefits 
SouthKensington, Reading and Cambridge 


TXfe are currently looking for a number of enthusiastic software professionals, 
primarily to buildandsupport components of our advanced Integrated 

Project Support Environment (IPSE). 

If you have had several years experience of major software projects m a 
well organised environment s preferably-using structured or formal techniques, 
then vou would be ideally suited to our needs. 

If you have less experience, but have real apnnide and a disciplined 
approach to the process of software development, we have a small number 

of vacancies at a more junior leveL . 

tfe offer all suitable applicants a generous benefits package as well as a 

congenial and creative working environment. . . T _ . 

1ST enjoysclose working relations wiihseveral prestigious UK university 

an interview or find out more about these 
vacancies, please telephone Ray Of&n on (01) 581 8155 during officehours, 
or at home on (01) 485 7559 up to 10pm. Altematiy^y, send youxCVaad a 
Ssummary of your career ambitions direedy to Ray Ofien at the address 

below. • 



JLlJ * irrrnvnT .til 


60 Albert Court 

Prince Consort Road 
London SWT 2BH 
feb 01-581 8155 


^ . • . W. y 

: • ^ & ‘"a =f#£ 

. .. 


How can we expect enthusiasm and initiative 
if you’re just another cog in the system. 

Ar Qricorp Investment Bank's Technology 
Division — IPS, we have no ‘cogs.* 

Vtfiat we do have are teams of highly qualified 
systems professionals, upon whose abilities the 
success of the division depends. With this in mind, 
its easy to see why we are regarded as pioneers in 
the field of hanking software systems. 


In Ocroher rhia year, the London Stock Ex- 
change will go through what mam 1 are describing 
as nothing less than a rewluriun.To the financial 
sector it is known simply as the 'Big Bang.' 

But for those who are able to get invoked, the 
opportunities and competition will be enormous. 
As will he the need tor technological innova- 
tion and integrated software systems to cope. 
£15,000 TO £40,000 PLUS 
To this end, we are kxdung for a number of 
highly qualified systems professional; to join the 
IPS Division in London. Programmers will need 

2-5 years' experience in rA'JCALFOfTTR.^N.COBOL 
or BASIC and perhaps have used SQL. MANTIS or 
NATURAL. If vou have more experience, so much 
the berter — we are h Hiking for some ver\ senior 
people riH*. 

Analysts shi mid have good experience in data 
analysis techniques and business processes. Vie 
□re also particularly interested in senior 
people with an extensive knowledge of data- 
base management, data dictionaries real-time 
systems, micro comparers or technology planning. 

Bur equally - resourcefulness, drive and 
initiative from both men anJ women alike. 

Depending on experience, expertise and level 
of responsibility, salary and benefit packages will 
range frirni £15,000 to £40^00 or more. Benefits 
can include low cost mortgage, non-conrnkirorv 
pension. pers» mal kin and car. 

To provide w>u with detailed descriptions of 
the jobs and the levels of experience we are 
looking for, we have, prepared a comprehensive 

information pack including a floppy disk." Just 
complete the request below or ring 01-935 9461. 
Lines are open r» «dav. 


r; : Citicorp Investment Bank. I 

1 c/o PC Box 78, Camherley CL 1 1 5 iDL j 

Pleas: send me your information pack. i 

Name I 




^^nSir.Tt..*wi 1 t.l... nap. CABsilSVI. M A7.TM* - d 

It you prefer, send a summary of vour career 
experience to: C. P. Mv »-s, IPS Division, Citicorp 
Investment Bank Ltd, 3-'5 StranJ, PO Box 242, 
London WC2R ILS. 

Citicorp Investment Rank. Were doing more 
in financial compunna rhjn yi-u'd ever imagine. 


i A * 

inn tiMJCd 1 UJbSDAY MARCH 18-1986 

IBM AT/E 20mb, £3200! 

IBM Personal Computer AT/E. £>12k memory, WgffggKgm 
with IBM 20mb hard disk, IJImb floppy drive. 
monochrome monitor, clock, serial & paraHel 

interfaces, UK keyboard, manuals, diagnostics. 

IBM PC complete, 2 x 360k, £1450. Kma r plI^C W ‘ 1 

IBM PO'XT lOrab phis 360k. complete. £2295. 

Special discounts on IBM Quietwriter, Wheet^rinie^Pro^rmter. 

MfUKr rOMPinTK 78 High HolborrUondon WC1V 6LS. 
WUirat UUWrUltlQ Telephone 01-831 0644 Telex 916505. 


IBM PC XT/FO £2248 

Person to person — at a price 



r^> WtigWAir 


• LEEDS ' ■ 






IBM PC XT/FD, lOmb hard disk 
drive, mono display, display printer 
adaptor, keyboard. 

London: 01-828 8830 
South: (04862) 71001 
North: (0423) 509577/8 
Scotland: (0357) 22678 

Buy before April for 50% capital allowance 

iSMphen Johnson 

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The telephone can be iughly 
inefficient for the average 
business caller, according to 
research carried out by the US 
telecommunications company 

It is claimed that only one in 
four business calls is complet 
ed at the first attempt, while 
60 per cent of incoming calls 
are less important than the 
work they interrupt. 

Add to these frustrations 
the finding that m more than 
50 per cent of internal compa- 
ny calls the information flow 
is one way, you quickly come 
up -with an argument for 
sending voice messaged 

Computerized voice mes- 
saging systems allow callers to 
create and send voice mes- 
sages as an alternative to 
telephoning, writing memos 
or sending electronic text mes- 
sages. The only equipment 
needed is a mnlti-frequency 
telephone or conventional 
telephone with a tone genera- 
tor fined to the mouthpiece. 

The system may be linked 
to a private automatic branch 
exchange or a remote bureau 
service called up on public 
telephone lines. 

Most voice messaging sys- 
tems have editing facilities 
tha t allow the sender to .skip 
back and forth as he creates 
the message and to replay it 
before distributing it to one or 
more destinations. 

Electronic mail facilities, 
the text equivalent to voice 
messaging, are rapidly becom- 
ing standard in office automa- 
tion packages. Suppliers are 
also realizing the value of 

&:ll it 

‘ L W' 

ip Imm. 

. ' -I ... 

Ur ■ Oa 

information and 

workstations. The most ad- 
vanced offerings are able to 
combine text, graphics and 
voice annotation in one mes- 

The attraction of voice mes- 
sages, say its proponents, is 
that, like a telephone call, it 
allows the sender to commu- 
nicate directly with the person 
for whom his information is 
intended, withont fear of the 
message being lost or misin- 
terpreted by a third party. 

Only nine per cent of callers 
leave a complete message with 
a third party, says AT&T, with 
46 per cent leaving name and 
number only because callers 
dislike talking to a third party. 

The voice messaging system 
also has the big. advantage of 
electronic mail — n on-simul- 
taneous communication — 
which allows a user to work 

uninterrupted by the trie- 
phone, with messages accor 
inulating in his mailb ox until ' 
it is convenient to access, i. 

. On- the- other band, we are . 
still a paper-based society and 
text messages can appear more 
versatile than voice — because 
they can be printed out, 
carried, arotmd, viewed at a 
glance and can be. incorporat- 
ed withgr^hicsandimages 

The biggest disadvantage of 
voice messaging systems is 
cost. Voice messages, when 
digitized, need up to 320 times 
the computer storage- of an 
electronic text message of 
similar length, with tfae.cost of 
that storage pushing up the 
price of the systems. As disk- 
storage drops in price, cheaper 
systems should appear. .. . 

In an effort to attract new 
users the m^jor^ companies in 

the marked such as Wang and 
Ferranti, are also introducing 
smaller, less expensive ver- 
sions Of existing voice, messag- 
ing systems. r. . ... 

Ferranti’s VM WO, for ex- 
ample, provides 6ne-and-a- 
half hours of message timefor 
£19,000. Wang has introduced 
a £40.000 version of its Digital 
Voice Exchange that supports 
four lines at any otie time, and 
has four hours of message 
storage. Wang's full-blown 
minicomputer-based Digital 
Voice Exchange : starts 1 at 
£80,000 and gives sumilra- 
neoussupport for 1 6 users and 

80 hours of storage. V 2 

Its suppliers say voice mes- 
saging is set to take off towards 
-the end of this year, fay which 
time there are likely to be a 
number of nrwannpames in 
the field offering a wider 

ii • * 

1 j 










. j 




By Nick Hampshire . . 
The' way has been cleared by British 
Telecom for a low cost phone-linked 
voice recognition and response applica- 
tion for the personal computer- Such 
computer-generated interactive voice 
recognition and response units - are - 
known as voice messaging systems. 

They have been available for several 
years but at a high price, £50, 000-plus. 

The price breakthrough has enabled 
voice boards to be produced for as little 
as £1,000 and they can be controlled by. 
an ordinary PC 

The first voice messaging system for 
PCs to gain BT approval comes from 
Yoke Systems International. Other 

manufacturers about to Introduce them 
are IBM. Sperry, and Handle of 
SwedeaL Bat it is unUkdy that these low- 
cost voice response systems will be 
readily available from dealers became 
their installation and customization is 

The heart of a voice messaging system 
is the voice recognition unit. These are 
stiB fairly unsophisticated and in tow- 
cost devices are rarely aide to recognize 
more thanlOO words. 

This is not an enormous limitatio n . 
since most applications will simply 
require a yes/no menu selection and 
probably the input of numeric values. 
The computer-generated voice response 


audio response mean to the required 
i nform ation. ... 

• Qaapstwfhainrtri stock requires 
and mderina from safes, staff is an 
obvious apvBofafc Another to a voice 
man system, jvhere the after to identi- 
fied by a password and tan play back 
any messages recorded an the system. 

The srvaflabiSty of low-cost voice 
messaging systems could be ofeensider- 
jtble interest to many safes and market- 
ing departments, The tow con iff voice 
input and output to- a computer, com- 
pared .with conventional remote video 
terminals, has fed to voice ' me ssaging 
being dubbed aodiotex in the US. 

to ring in Britain 

FACT: In 5 years PFS became America's bestselling personal computer software. FACT: No other software matched PFS’s ability to make 
more American businessmen effective, efficient, faster. FACT: All PFS business software! write, file & REPORT, plan acraphi has arrived 
in the U.K. FACT: PFS software is available for IBM and IBM compatible, Apple II c/e. Apricot F series, and other personal computers. 
FACT: Calling 01-200 0200 1 24 hours) guarantees you a convincing demonstration. 

The best selling business software, where software can’t be second best 

PFS r. j re«t»nred ludctrurt of Soft “are Publishing Cororjlion. LS \ NS5 

By David Hewson you are woi 
Those whom the gods wish to on someth 
destroy they fill with an when Jt 
uncontrollable urge to connect £380 youcai 
their computers to a telephone l {p n s softwa 
line. Communications is one the device li 
of the most exciting and er to the tele 
important areas in personal will answer: 
computing today. while the a 

But it is also a subject that is 
likely to drive even the most obvSuse 
experienced user to unadulter- which wou i ( 
a^d despair »htn tries lo 
perform the simplest of com- . 

. puling tasks over a British But m B 
telephone line. find nothin 

To discover what telephone J 

and computers can do togeth- 
er one must cross the Atlantic D 

or take the cheaper option of Jr 
buying a sheaf of American The state 
computing magazines. phone neiw 

v n r- , . . . . of-date swit 

You will find that the Apple is t0 h]aiue 

Macmtosh m California can delays. M 
dial a private voice call while which are 

you are working at the screen 
on something else, alerting 
you when it gets through. For 
£380 you can buy communica- 
tions software and a modem, 
the device linking the comput- 
er to the telephone line, which 
will answer and send messages 
while the computer is other- 
wise engaged or even switched 
off. Both of these facilities are 
obvious uses for the computer 
which would be invaluable for 

See Britairns Biggest 
Office Automation Show 

INFO’86 is about automating your 
business. Finding information quickly. 
Organising communications effectively. 
Keeping records secure. Chasing slow 
payers promptly. Getting figures to people 
who need them. Updating stock sheets 
and price lists. 

By integrating these and other office 
systems, you achieve high productivity — 
vital for profitability and staying ahead of 
the competition. 

But where do you find out exactly 
what’s involved? At INFO'86 in Olympia’s 

spiacious National Hall, from 24th March 
for four days. It's bigger than ever, and 
packed with even more systems for you to 
see in action. 

You’ll find out how fast the new fax 
machines are. See the quality of the new 
printers — and hear how quiet they can 
be. See the new flat screens. Judge how 
telex is standing up to the competition. 

Be surprised, perhaps, at what the 
latest phones can do for your business. 
And check how microfilm, copiers and 
dictating systems are successfully 
exploiting computer power. 

INFO'86 is a TOTAL update on fast- 
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Your INFO ticket will also admit you to 
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electronic pre-press and publishing 
^exhibition. You've heard about the new 
technology thats changing the face of print, 
now you can see it in action at EPP'86. 

O^VRA-UDiTON 24 -27 MARCH 1986 


But in Britain? Yon win 
find nothing remotely like 
them and there seems little 
prospect of these badly needed 
routines being introduced 

The state of Britain’s tele- 
phone network, with its out- 
of-date switching equipment, 
is to blame for many of (he 
delays. Many companies 
which are interested in the 
communications field also 
complain that British 
Telecom is slow to license new 
equipment to be used here, 
approval for which is neces- 
sary for a modem to be 
connected legally in Britain. 

This complaint seems to be 
justified when one compares 
the speed with which most 
personal computers now com- 
municate. In Britain the com- 
monest modem speed is 300 
band, or 30 characters a 
second, which sounds a_lot 
but, in reality, is far too slow, 
for sending huge amounts of 


Amstrad Computer Show, New 
Century Hall, Manchester, 
March 22-23 (061-456 8835) 

Into 86, Olympia, London, 
March 24-27 (01 647 1001) 



Monday March 
1 0.00^.00 
Tuesday 25 March 
10 . 00 - 6.00 
Wednesday 26 March 
10 00-8 00 
Thursday 27 March 
10004 00 

Just bring this 
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entitles you and a 
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entry to the Show 

THe Ninth European 


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(Mo one under is will be admitted! 

B E.D Exhibitions Limited. 44 Wallington Square. Watlington. Surrey SM6 SRG 


tonal Exhibition Centre, Bir- 
mingham, April 8-10. 

Scottish Computer Show, 
Scottish Exhibition Centre, 
Glasgow, Apra 15-17(01-891 

Computing Recruitment Pair, 
Novote). Hammersmith. Lon- 
jfon^WS, Apra 18-19(0853 

Commodore Show, Novotel, 
Hammersmith. London W6. 
May 9-11 (061-456 8835) 
Electron & BBC Show, New 
Horticultural Hall, Greycoats St 
Westminster, London SW1, 
May 16-18 (061-456 8383) 

Acorn User Exhfoition, Bar- 
bican, London EC2, July 24-27 
(01-349 4667) 

Amstrad Computer Show, 
Novotel Hotel Hammersmith, 
London W6, October 4-5(061- 


Cebit 86, Hanover Fair Com- 
plex, West .Germany, until 

This article alone would 
take nearly four minutes to 
transmit with an extra couple 
of minutes needed to log pa to 
the receiving computer. 

In the. US 2,400-band 
modems are now coming 
within the price range of 
personal micro users at half 
the cost of the equivalent in 
Britain. The 'quality gapis also 
obvious in software. 

Users of the Epson PX-8 
portable can now obtain free a 
piece of public domain soft- 
ware written in the US which 
far surpasses most commer- 
cial British programs. It can, 
for instance, tell you how long 
a file will take to transmit 
before you send it. 

But it was designed to be 
used with the modem built 
into the machine when it was 
released in the JUS. .The 
modem was removed for Brit- 
ish versions, forcing users to 
resort to acoustic copiers, 
push-on telephone cups that 
invariably fail to get to grips - 
with Telecom’s newer tele- 
phones. - 

British computer users tend 
to buy modems and commu- 
nications software separately, 
which can lead to dreadful 
problems of incompatibility 
occasionally beyond resolu- 
tion. If -you do this yon may 
also find that a good modem is 
coupled with mediocre soft- 
ware or vice versa, and that 
nothing else you can purchase 
will do the same job. 

On a purely practical point. 

bered with a crackly telephone . 
line which simply cannot offer 
the accuracy required of com- 
puter communications, i 
though this, happily, is rather 
ime. Temporary glitches, 
which make computers drop 
lines after time, are, however, • 
by no means uncommon. . - 

One small step 'towards 
some commonsense ixi British 
communications has been in 
the licensing of some modems 
which conform to what is 

known as the Hayes standard, 
the commonest format in the 
US. This should mean that 
users will be able to use these 
devices, some of which are 
manufactured by the Hayes 
company, with a wide range of 
US software and not run the 
risk incompatibility (though 
this user will not believe it 

until he sees itX ' 

. It should also mean that 
British computer owners will 
no longer be expected to pay 
several hundred pounds for 
modems which cannot even 
dial a number for themselves. 

Once you have got a work- 
ing communications system, p 
what do you do with it? The r 
obvious answer is electronic 
mail such as Telecom Oold, 

Easy Link, or One-to-One. 

This is cheaper than lelexj 
though you can usually send 
telex messages if you wish and 
it is easier to use and more 
adaptable. But you need to 
know in advance to whom you 
are going to send your mes- 

normally have only one tele- 
phone line and you may well 
find it is permanently engaged 
when you cafl.' 

Other facilities which can be! 
lapped by a communicating 
computer include electronic 
libraries dealing with special- 
ist subjects such as the law, the 
vast USr fund of knowledge 
called The Source, PresteL, and 
even a share-buying service 
run. by Hoare Govett. The 
field is a wide one. Entering it 
is the problem. 

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w* Vi 



Manchester Business School is 
one of two post-graduate busi- 
ness schools created’ in ' 1965 
through the recomm enda tion 
of a report prepared at the 
request of - government and 
business representatives; - 

- . One of these firgt-geneni- 
tion Centres of managw^en f 
excellence was to be based in 
Manchester and integrated 
into the University of Man- 
chester. The other, the Lon- 
don Business School, is part of 
the University ofLondon. 

By then- coming ofage each 
establishment had. evolved a 
distinctive identity. This per- 
sonality stems partly from 
geographical differences — 
MBS occupies ; austere 
premises in a major industrial 
centre, while the London 
Business School enjoys ele- 
gant surroundings on the edge 
of Regent’s Park 

Equally important, are the 
differences in teaching meth- 
ods which the two schools 
have developed during the 
ensuing 21 years in response 
to changing requirements. 

Since Dr Rab Teller, took 
over as director of MBS in 
September 1984 he has fielded 
attacks from Government 
seeking to cut costs and from 
industrialists worried about 
the calibre of their manage- 
ment recruits. He gets irritated 
by the assumption that all 
business schools are alike. 

“They - are not 
homogenous,** he says. “Each 
one is different with their own 
way of doing things. Equally, 
companies mid their require- 
ments vary. In our planning 
for the future, we’ve got to 
recognize the necessity for 
maintaining variety.** - 

The school's own business 
plan indicates, that consider- 
able expansion could be one. 
way in which variety could be 
maintained. A start has been 
made by increasing staffing 
levels. The. number of full- 
time Faculty members has 
been increased from about 35 

to nearer -50 in the last year 
and. is set to rise to nearer 70 
by the end of the 

The next stage will be to 
seek increases in student num- 
bers without reducing the 
stringent academic require- 
ments. With the equivalent of 
1*500 fuU-time students, Man. 
Chester already ' ranks among 
the ' largest of Britain’s hnsw 
ness schools but it neverthe- 
less covers a tiny proportion 
of- the country's total manage- 
ment population. 

The target- is to double the 
overall number to around 
3,000 by 1990. 

_ A proposal that government 

After 21 years, 

MBA has come of 
. age and aims to 
doubleits number 
of students to 
3,000 over the 
next five years. 

funds should be withdrawn 
and the business schools be- 
come totally self-funding' is 
seen as having a serious effect 
on the supply of students for 
the full-time, two-year Master 
of Business Administration 
'course: J 

A few of the 200 or so young 
graduates who are studying for 
their MBA at Manchester get 
help from scholarships from 
.companies like Continental 
Oil Pflkington, Ford ' and 
ColorolL Others borrow from 
banks for their course fees and 
living costs, but most rely 
heavily cm government ESRC 
grants.., . 

Within the last 10 years, 
MBS has succeeded m shifting 
the balance of its funding 
away from government and 
on to industry. In 1975, three- 
quarters of its revenue was. 
supplied by the state: Ten 
years later the proportion of . 

tunas supplied by government 
had dropped to 30per cchl 
. The school prides itself in 
developing teaching pro- 
grammes which combine aca- 
demic rigour — respect for 
evidence, logic, argument and 
theory. — with the .relevance 
required for their successful 

managers m the practical af- 
fairs' of business. 

Most of the faculty staff 
have a business background 
and are encouraged to main- 
tain and up-date their links 
through operations as consul- 
tants. This, combined with 
ready access to large numbers 
of companies in the Manches- 
ter area, has led to the 
development of a distinctive 
“project” method of teaching 
which requires students to put 
theory into practice. 

The schooTs plan for die 
future envisages additional 
strengthening of such relation- 
ships through, for instance, 
expansion of the highly suc- 
cessful in-company courses, 
introduced in 1985, tailored to 
the requirements of particular 

Demand is also strong for 
the part-time MBA and diplo- 
ma course for practising man- 
agers and for the shorter 
“open” management develop- 
ment prog ramm es, 

A degree of specialization in 
areas of research could forge 
new links. After 21 years the 
MBS has not only developed a 
distinctive teaching method 
but also gained a reputation 
for competence in particular 
industry sectors. 

.It is already identified with 
banking through its Interna- 
tional Banking Centre and the 
drive here will be to expand 
into insurance, building soci- 
eties and other types of inan- 
cial service organization. . 

Another existing strength is 
retailing. Littlewoods, Marks 
& Spencer and the Co-op are 
examples of major retail 
chains which have already 

signed up for residential 

A third area of competence 
is identified as information 
technology- A grant from IBM 
of £2 million worth of equip- 
ment strengthens an existing 
involvement in information 
technology. The grant in- 
volves collaboration with 
IBM in a joint project aimed 
ai developing new approaches 
to teaching managers using 

A fourth area of particular 
competence is small business 
development With the back- 
ing of the Manpower Services 
Commission, MBS claims to 
have pioneered small business 
enterprise training in Europe. 

Expansion is, of course, 
dependent on demand. Being 
a prudent Scot — he was born 
in Bathgate and graduated 
from Edinburgh University — 
as well as a businessman. Dr 
Telfer began his appointment 
with a series, of visits to 
chairman, chief executives 
and board level staff of more 
than 100 major UK compa- 
nies. The purpose was not 
only to explain the activities 
of the school, but also to learn 
about present and future 
needs of the market. 

Frankness daring these vis- 
its was encouraged by Dr 
TeHer’s own background. Be- 
fore joining MBS he was 

chair man and manag in g rliretv 

tor of Mather & Platt for three 
years. Before that he bad 
worked for ID for nearly 30 
years and had shared the 
searing experiences of making 
recessionary cutbacks while 
chairman of the petrochemi- 
cals division. 

“Contrary to perceived 
wisdom”, he says that he 
found most of the people had 
“a growing awareness of the 
importance of management 

“ A lot of British companies 
realized rather late in the day 
that they did not have the 
calibre of managers they need- 


•> *■ ' VI 

jt ■ , i. .** 

• "•'7m i 

a •••'-. .V 

. <■ 

Dr Pah Telfer. In his role as director, he has recognized the need to vary training to meet industry's growing requirements 

ed to sort themselves out after 
the recessionary cutbacks. 
Chopping up companies and 
rationalizing them although 

painful and demoralizing is 
relatively easy. The difficult 

relatively easy. The difficult 
thing is the renewal of a 
company — deciding where it 
goes in the future/and how it 
should get there.** . 

Whether the awareness of 
the need for management 
development is translated into 
“real positive action” as for as. 
the business schools is con- 
cerned is, as Dr Telfer ac- 
knowledges “another 

Certainly, MBS is currently 
experiencing a surge in de- 
mand for short programmes 
for practising managers. But 
to concentrate too much on 
this type of education, al- 
though lucrative, would, he 

Accelerations in the rate of 
change in international busi- 
ness requirements and new 
thinking about education may 
mean that business schools 
may have to be more flexible 
about future intakes. This 
should vary between people 
with physical and mental 
toughness who are anxious to 
get results; people with intel- 
lectual ability and academic 
achievements; and people 
who can contribute relevant 

Choosing the very 
best candidates 

believes, risk upsetting the 
balance of the school and 
ultimately probably not be in 
the best interests of “improv- 
ing the management compe- 
tence of the UK Limited”. 


In. his report in the mid 
1960s, Lord Franks said there 
was a need for “more compe- 
tent managers to meet a 
rapidly changing environ- 
ment. the accelerating rate of 
technology and technical in- 
novation and the growing 
international competition fac- 
ing UK businesses.” 

“The position today is ex- 
actly the same, only more so,” 
says Dr Telfer. 

Patricia Tisdall 

Stringent academic require- 
ments are the legacy Manches- 
ter Business School has 
inherited as an organisation 
grafted on to an established 

Course directors pride 
themselves on seeking people 
with the highest intellectual 
and academic qualifications 
for the Master of Business 
Administration course. These 
are also subject to the same 
scrutiny from external exam- 
iners as are graduates in other, 
arguably better-defined disci- 

One reason MBS has been 
able to stick to rigorous entry 
requirements is that demand 
far outstrips supply. The 
school receives more than 
6,000 enquiries a year but 

teaching and other facilities 
restrict it to around 1,500. 
About 200 are engaged on the 
full-time MBA programme. 

The rest may be partici- 
pants in the part-time MBA 
courses - introduced in 1981; 
on one of the open develop- 
ment courses for practising 
executives; or working on an 
education programme tailored 
to a particular company's 
requirements such as those 
organised by the highly-suc- 
cessful International Banking 

A good first degree or an 
equivalent professional quali- 
fication is the starting point 
for candidates for the Master 
of Business Administration 
Continued on page 30 


x v- 8 « 

• i* 

i m * 

We’re right behind it. 

IBM's 18,000 UK employees in their 45 locations are being 

encouraged to support the goals oflndustry Year 1986. 

These are to increase public awareness of industry’s vital role 
in society, to improve links between education and industry and also 
for industry itself to improve its relationship with the community. 
For example, IBM United Kingdom Limited is working on a 

joint project with the Manchester Business School: a project aimed 
at developing new approaches to teaching management disciplines 
using information technology. It is a happy coincidence that 1986 is 
both Industry Year and the 21st anniversary of the Manchester 
Business School. Lets hope that every one in Britain 
will believe this year is as important as we do. 7 zz 


Only the best 
should apply 

Continued from page 29 
programme. Participants are 
typically in their early twen- 
ties, with a year or so of work 
experience since leaving uni- 
versity (only about a third 
come straight from their first 


They are also highly moti- 
vated enough to be willing not 
only to drop their salaries but 
also to find the several thou- 
sands of pounds required for 
tuition fees and upkeep daring 
the study period. 

Cost was an important rea- 
son why Don Cruickshank 
(now managing director of the 
Virgin Group but then, in 
1970, at the outset of bis career 
with a wife and two young 
children to support) stayed in 
Engalnd to take his MBA 
rather than go to the United 
States. Mr Cruikshank was an 
obvious high flier - a graduate 
who had taken accountancy 
training and then spent four 
years manufacturing. 

His reasons for wanting to 
take an MBA were to broaden 
his knowledge about different 
types of business, in particular 
the service industries, to learn 
about marketing and to widen 
bis range of contacts. He also 
wanted to keep pace with his 
peer group, many of whom 
had American business school 

Having checked out the 
London Business School as 
well as Manchester, he decid- 
ed the English MBA course 
was just as effective as any US 
equivalent and probably more 
relevant. The reason for opt- 
ing for Manchester (having 
been offered a place by both 
universities) was that he pre- 
ferred Manchester’s project 
based approach to LBS's case- 
study methods. He also liked 
Manchester’s more relaxed 
course structure and the avail- 
ability of options. “I had 
learned to manage my own 
time and did not need to be 
spoon fed," he says. 

Teaching methods based on 
practical projects, which may 
involve students working with 

a selection from up to 60 
different companies, are a 
distinctive MBS feature. Dur- 
ing their second year, students 
are required to tackle five 
projects, at least three of 
which are concerned with the 
- problems of major companies. 

In order to ensure an inter- 
national dimension, students 
are required to take part in an 
international business project 
which requires them to exer- 
cise their fledgling skills in a 
foreign environment 

The emphasis on practical 
projects, which has been a 
characteristic of the Manches- 
ter Business School since its 
inception, undoubtedly re- 
flects its location in a major 
industrial centre. But the engi- 
neering and research and de- 
velopment background of 
many of the early course 
designers, including that of 
Alan Pearson, the director of : 
the- MBA Programme, also 
played a part in developing the 
Tracing methodology. 

To be effective, projects 
need to be relevant ana up to 
date. AU the faculty staff in the 
Post Graduate Centre are 
encouraged to work directly 
with companies as consul- 
tants. This helps generate 
material which is fed back into 
the course programmes. 

Students can either identify 
their own projects or work 
with Pearson and his team in 
choosing an appropriate area 
and selecting a company to 
work with on solving a partic- 
ular problem. 

Onus for assessing the effec- 
tiveness and quality of the 
project work rests with the 
feculty, although the opinions 
of the company concerned are 
usually taken into consider- 

Projects are intended to 
reflea real-life management 
challenges. Students who 
complain, for instance, that 
they have not been given 
sufficient information or that 
they have been hindered by 
unforeseen factors, are offered 
little sympathy. Assessment 

It’s the mixing 

Alan Pearson: His engineering background helped in developing the teaching methodology 

relates more to the approach 
the students adopt and the 
methods they apply than to 
ihe result 

The full-time MBA Pro- 
gramme operates in two sec- 
tions - the first year deals 
with teaching the basic con- 
cepts and theories while the 
second year is concerned with 
the in-depth study of selected 

In the summer vacation 
preceding the second year, 
MBA students normally take a 
job in industry, commerce or 
government which will pro- 
vide material for a 10,000 
word dissertation. This is 
intended to provide a point of 
reference for future employ- 
ment as -well as a bridge 
between theory and practice. 

Students wishing to take the 
full two-year course are re- 
quired to reach a minimum 
standard in their first year 
examinations. A few drop out 
at this stage for various rea- 
sons, but most complete the 
programme. Typically, only 15 
per cent of the initial partici- 
pants do not go on to get their 
MBA or qualification — a 

Congratulations to 
Manchester Business School 
on its 21st Anniversary 

- and a special thank you 
from Esso UK Pic on behalf of the 
many Esso Managers who have achieved 
standards of excellence through the 
Senior Executive Programme 

A mcmSerol lhf Exxon Gruup 

The Rpyal Bank 
of Scotland 

Britain’s first truly national 
bank, with a heritage of friendly, 
efficient service. 

That’s because we’ve never 
forgotten we deal with people, 
as well as money. 

Come and talk to us soon. 

The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic 

The New British Bank 

Manchester Regional Office: 

45 Mosley Street, Manchester M60 2BE. 
Tel: 061-236 8585 

success rate which the course 
organisers attribute as much 
to care in selection as to 
sympathetic teaching. 

It was feared initially that 
academic concessions might 
be needed for the part-time 
masters course for managers 
who do not want to take two 
years away from their jobs. 
But Alan Wilkinson, the direc- 
tor of the executive master's 
course, is more than satisfied 
with the performance of the 
100 or so who have given up 
their Fridays to participate m 
the course so far. 

The age spectrum is much 
wider than on the fizfl-time 
MBA programme, ranging 
from 20's to mid-40's. Partici- 
pants are practicing managers. 
“We suspect they learn as 
much from each other as they 
do from the feculty staff, "says 
Mr Wilkinson. 

Improvements in status, ca- 
reer performance and salary 
levels are tangible incentives 
for students to take their MBA 
degree. A survey of MBS 
graduates shows that more 
than 90 per cent of graduates 

A wide-open 
world for 
the students 

The “Manchester Method” 
evolved, at MBS is quite 
simple: learning by doing. It is 
this practical approach which 
the teachers and the taught 
alike believe puts the School 
head and shoulders above the 

One way this is achieved is 
by giving course participants 
as much opportunity to see 
how the other half live and 
work as often as possible. 

On-the-ground experience 
is a key-point especially for 
second year MBA students, 20 
per cent of whom are women, 
a ratio which rises every year. 

The International Business 
Project involves students 
working with companies on 
their problems on an interna- 
tional scale. 

Usually this means explor- 
ing overseas markets and in- 
ternational financing and 
management, acquisitions 
and joint venture opportuni- 
ties have all provided valuable 
contacts and experience for 
some of the North American 

In total, the students last 
year handled 18 projects in- 
volving field work in 38 
different countries, and in the 
past ten years over 150 differ- 
ent studies have been made. 

The opportunity to travel, 
especially on the student ex- 
change programme, appealed 
to second year student Liz 
Birkby, aged 27. 

She comes from Woking, 
Surrey, and her obvious first 
choice to “widen my 
experience," as she said, was 
at London BS. 

She said: “But I discovered 
they were too financial orien- 
tated and I wanted to get some 

real experience. Here at Man- 
chester there is much more 
project and practicai-orientat- 
cd work. The opportunity to 
travel and the student ex- 
change programme are really 
excellent opportunities.” 

The exchange programme 
operates mainly between 
New York University, McGill 
in Canada, the ISA in France, 
1ESE in Spain and the School 
of Economics in Helsinki. 

First year student Adrian 
Costson, aged 25, also favours 
the travel opportunities, al- 
though he has already exten- 
sively travelled the globe in 
his previous pursuit of nauti- 
cal studies. 

He is sponsored at MBS by 
Cammel Laird Shipbuilders 
whom he joined as a graduate 
management trainee, and to 
where he will return after 
completing his course. 

He also considered London 
BS but said: “7 took a straw 
poll among all my contacts in 
industry and they all said 
Manchester, definitely 

Londoner Keven Keane, 
aged .27, is also a much 
travelled first year student 
having had all his money 
stolen in Venezuela and, later, 
meeting a girl in New Zealand 
he hopes to marry. 

He said’ “I believe Man- 
chester will give me all I seek 
to be a good entrepreneur. 
Eventually I want to find a 
small group of people and we 
will do things. We will create 
wealth, not just for ourselves 
but for other people.” 

Another potential success 
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Working alongside . partia- 
pantsfrom other companies is 
an important part of the 
shorter development courses 
which Manchester, like other 
business schools, -funs for 
practising managers. 

TMs is one of. the reasons 
why the organizers usually 
insist that these courses are 
■residential .It was also why 
Barrie Gardner stayed at the 
university when 1 re took the 
10-week executive develop- 
ment programme, ' ~ even 
though his home was in 

The course is intended to 

aged 40 hi the 

middle of their career and * 

The bias towards 
marketing skills 

of more than ten years* stand- 
ing are now working at senior 
management or board leveL 
Critics of management educa- 
tion frequently observe that 
this and other surveys merely 
cover managers who would 
have reached the top of their 
career ladders, irrespective of 
taking an MBA. 

Supporters of management 
education reply that the MBA 
programme helps to make 
good potential managers even 
better, particularly those who 
are working in an internation- 
al environment. Subjective 
comments by graduates sug- 
gest that true advantages may 
be less tangible. 

MBA graduates learn “ma- 
turity and self confidence in 
the ability to learn from 
mistakes,** observed a tutor. 
“Learning to work with other 
peoiple” is how one student 
described her experiences. 
“The right approach to finding 
solutions to problems never 
encountered before,” said an- 


a general manager with North- 
ern Foods — be was promoted 
to managing director of 
Bowyers, a newly acquired 
subsidiary, immediately after 
his return — . surveyed various 
business schools, then nar- 
rowed his choke to London 
Business School and Man- 

He opted for Manchester 
mainly because he liked the 
emphasis on 'porting theory 
into practice and approved of 
its bias towards marketing 
skills, and he accepted the 
temptation togetdistractedby 
the proximity of home and 
work. In the event, Mr Gard- 
ner describes “the real plus as 
the opportunity to see differ- 
ent business problems and to 
mix with counterparts from 
different sectors of the busi- 
ness community”.. 

He has also been able to put 

some of the cost-cutting and 
rationalization theoiy ■ into 
real-life operation when faced 
with the challenge of a compa- 
ny with 3,500 people,: a turn- 
over of £120 milho n and an 
annual loss of £1.5 million. 

.. Bill DaVies, jhe~dincur«f 

the executive development 
centre, who has been .with 
MBS almost since the. beg;-; 

tdng, ajnsiderscross-ferwiza- 

tion to be even mote 
important in today's environ- 
ment than it was in the! 960s. 

%hereismudi less mobib 
ity now than there was foen.** 
be says. The feet that manag- 
ers change jobs-Iess frequently 
and move between, companies 
less ban mean that .they gjet ; 
stuck i n a, ru t of prejudice or 
bad practice-. 

the 10-weelc course con- 
tains a Mend “of core pro- 
gramme activities —. 40 per 
cent — while projects ana 

syndicate wcark occupy ^ far- 
ther 40 per cent of time, and 
the remaining 20 per cent is 
allocated to optional subjects. 

It is intended to be suitable 
both for the generalist who 
wants to deepen a particular 
part of his knowledge — 
finance or new technology 
skills for instance — or for the 
■ qwialisi who wants exposure 
to other disciplines. .. 

The 10- week executive de- 
velopment programme is one 
of two main courses operated 
by the centre. The other is the 
senior executive course.' . This 
is a three-week programme 
intended, as its name suggests, 
for managers who are at : or 
near board leveL Itnms twke- 
yearty and has consistently 
attracted capacity bookings/ . 

A third category introduced 
in January 1985 consists of 
tailor-made courses designed 
for individual companies. 
These do not have the advan- 
tage of cross-fertiHzation as all 
the participants work for the 
«mc. or ganizati on. Neverthe- 
less, they have proved ex- 
tremely popular. Recent 
clients for such progra mm es 
include Merits & Spencer, 
British Rafl, British Tradear 
Fuels and'KeQogg. ... 

As in-company courses are 
confidential to every diem, 
the case studies used is it can 
be real material drawn from 
the company*s > own files which 

helps to make the information 
more relevant loibe students. 

Another, .advamajp of a 
group of managers from the 
Same company attending such 
a course is that they then ste® 
the same background and 
understanding. This means 
that when' they go back, they 
are in a good position 1 id pul 
what they have learnt into 

'among its dfentS' “be have 
made a specific effort to 
.develop our position m the 
retsu^ industry ” Says Derek 
Channon, director of the cen- 
tre for business research- “We 

. <We research the 

organization first* 

believe wc have a great deal to 
offer there. When : we are 
fft-q pimg a course for an 

organization we will actively 
research the organization and 
: the -market it is. operating in 
before we start”. . 

What do companies think 
about the courses? ColoroU, 
the Imicashire-to 
pet and; formatting' manufac- 
turer; whose sales have grown 
almost tenfold from £6.5m in 
-1978, became closely involved 
with MBS .'two years ago as 
port of whar John Ashcroft, 
the chairman, describes as a 
“realistic appraisal of future 
. management requirements.” 

: Primarily, - the association 
was seen as afr aid to recruit- 
ment through getting the com- 
pany known . among Might 
young managers. But in- the 
ma« altruistic sense this com- 
pany “bebeves in the role of 
* the business schools in the 
national economy”. 

V- ft reganfeManchester Busi- 
ness JSchool as/a. centre of 
exce£enoe. ; — assart- of the 
company's own local eh viron- 
ment-it was also the obvious 
choice —.and is prepared to 
back iis principles with tangi- 
ble support ‘ '• 


120 Cheapside. London EC2V 6DS. 
Telephone: Ot-382 6000. 




C om p uter success; Professor Geoffrey Lockett, above, who won a national competition ran by IBM, and a group of businessmen at a seminar ran by the MBS 

The vital role of continuing research 

Research is the lifeblood of the 
MBS. Professor Geoffrey 
Lockett, Director of Studies of 
the doctoral programme, be- 
lieves it is vital in any 
organization: "Look at the top 
companies such as ICI or 
IBM. They've made their 
name through 1 research,” he 

He is also alert to the ever- 
changing face of acro5s-the- 
boerd business administration 
resulting in the 

face of research into it, 
also io the vital role of the 
computer in this area. 

It was through Professor 
Lockett and a group of his 
colleagues that MBS is now 
better off to the tune of a £2 
million computer package, in- 
cluding two IBM per son nel 
seconded to the school along 
with two programmers. 

The bonus came as a result 
of a competition launched 
nationally by IBM. The pro- 
fessor ana his team had to beat 
off 20 other major challengers 
to win the prize. 

The school's link as a 
faculty of the University of 
Manchester is all important 
for the research programme. It 
is likely that the computer 
project wilt involve the de- 
partments of accounting and 
management science at the 
University of Manchester In- 
stitute of Science and Tech- 

MBS’s position within the 
university's embrace is even 
more vital on a wider front as 
they have to draw mi a vast 
range of disciplines such as 
economics, sociology, psy- 

chology, engineering and 

Basically, the school's aim is 
to make a major contribution 
to solving the managerial and 
business problems facing the 

This means a long-term 
research focus while not no- ■ 
Electing immediate isSUCS. lt 
requires development of new 
conce pts and comm uni-' 
cation forms; and translation ' 
of these into effective teaching 
and research. 

Prof Lockett, who is also 
professor of Management Sci- 
ence and an associate director 
of the School, says MBS has 
become well known for re- 
search in organizational be- 
haviour. and design, 
computers and management, 
and corporate strategy. The 
school is putting extra . re- 
sources into the management 
of i nfo r ma tion technology, fi- 
nance, retailing, .banking and 
strategic marketing areas. 

' He himself has carried out 
research and consultancy in a 
wide variety of industries and 
Organizations, ■ including 
chemical, pharmaceutical, en- . 
gineering, food processing and 
consumer goods. He also is 
editor of the. Journal of Man- 

p tot Lockett believes that 
research as a whole can only 
begin .with frank, open and 
honest debate. He said: fUn- 
less I upset someone at some 
stage on my course, be 
Wouldn't be there in the first 
pEaceT : 

Under the umbrella of re- 

search units come five major 

■ Com pater and Work De- 
sign, Director, Enid Mum- 
ford, t Professor of 
Organizational Behaviour. It 
is her task to advise ou the 
introduction of the computer 
in factories and offices so that 
people will, neither fear it nor 
be ignorant of its full poten- 

The research of the unit has 
been primarily concerned 
with the design and imple- 
mentation of computer-based 
systems and has covered the 
design of office systems, tele- 
communication, video confer- 
encing and managerial expert 

Prof Muxnford believes a 
major problem for some man- 
agements is -that they equip 
their offices with tire latest 
computer systems without 

really knowing how to use it 

■ Centre for Business Re- 
search, Director, Prof. Derek 
Chan non. The CBR has 
evolved as a significant pro- 
ducer of marketing and strate- 
gic studies of particular 
industries which focus upon 
specific markets and sectors, 
and provide timely but practi- 
cal analyses for management 
and others. 

Especially important has 
been the development of a 
series of sector studies in 
retailing and the distributive 
trades. It has helped to re- 
establish a former interest of 
MBS in retailing, and has been 
a useful spearhead in the 
school's rapid build-up of 
teaching programmes in the 

The CBR has also contin- 
ued to undertake new research 

m . 

industry in conjunction 
the International Banking 
Centre as well as producing a 
regular series of market posi- 
tion studies. 

■ Research and Develop- 
ment, Director, Dr Alan Pear- 
son is currently involved in 
several but interlinked areas 
of activity. 

First there is the work to 
»vide a framework in which 
and D personnel can ex- 
change views about current 
thinking in areas related to 
their present and future job 
situation. Then h is to encour- 
age a critical analysis of the 
trends in management and in 
the environment which are 
likely to influence particular 
groups of people in the R and 
D function. 

A further aim is to show 
how scientific and technical 


' ■ '..VS* • 

Students get on-hands experience of technology used m 

developments can be more 
closely matched with market 
and user needs to increase the 
success rate of new product 
development and new ven- 

■ Creativity and Innovation 
Group where they carry out 
research into the nature of 
creativity and industrial inno- 
vation. Dr Tudor Rickards, as 
co-ordinator, has specialized 
in worldng jointly with inno- 
vation problems, or “action 
research” as it is known. 

Other work includes the 
extension of the “Ideas 
Sounding Board” project 
This arose from a £10,000 
prize awarded by Phillips and 
Drew for the conception of a 
scheme to raise awareness of 
factors influencing the imple- 
mentation of ideas. 

| Financial Control Re- 
search Institute, a body 
. formed in 1981 by a group of 
financial directors and senior 
managers to improve the qual- 
ity of financial planning and 
control procedures in the UK. 

It was agreed that the school 
should provide a “home” for 
the institute and undertake the 
research while the financial 
manag ers would give the lead 
in deciding research topics, so 
combining the benefits of an 
gfflHemic approach with com- 

The institute also provides a 
forum for senior financial 
managers to share experiences 
and ideas in a non-competi- 
tive environment. 


Extel Statistical Services, who provide the_ 
Manchester Business School with 
computerised and printed company 
information services, congratulate the 
_ School on its 21 st 
EXtel birthday and wish it a long 

Statistical and successful future. 



37-J5 Pwrf Swot London EC2A «PB. 

W- 01 •2533400 W m: 262667 
Amu House. Cnorton swat. 
titanctesKfMl 3FH.TW: 061-236 5802 

EMU « me regsHWKJ soda w* 
EwhangeWegrapn Compare Urn) n mews 

Well done 


May we offer our 
congratulations to the 
Manchester Business School 
on achieving 21 successful 
years of business education. 

Bfel People mho core 

Co-operative Wholesale Society Ltd., P.O. Box 53, 
New Century House, Manchester M60 4ES. 


‘NatWest congratulates 
the Manchester 
Business School on its 
21 st Anniversary. . ’ 









Challenge of 
learning a 

new language 

The last haltering and ill- 
pronounced words spoken in 
French by many a middle- 
aged businessman were proba- 
bly something like “au revoir” 
on the day he left school 

For such a man to present 
himself today at the MBS 
Language Learning Centre 
with the request to learn 
sufficient French to negotiate 
a contract to build a power 
plant in Grenoble is no rare 
occurrence. Nor would it 
come as a surprise if he added 
the rider that he wanted to 
know enough for the job “by 
Monday morning. " 

Those are exactly the 
“ raisons d'etre*' for the exis- 
tence of the Centre at MBS, 
the only business school in the 
country to run such special- 
ized in-house language 

abroad, from Europe to the 
Far East, and most have a 
business background. 

One is a former production 
manager, another an accoun- 
tant and a third an industrial 
relations specialist. The im- 
portance of this is that they 
understand the language of 
business, (he concepts and 
problems thai companies face 
and can readily relay it to a 
willing pupil. 

Mr Woodhall's assistant di- 
rector, Mr Howard Ward, 
worked for Michelin Tyres in 
the personnel and commercial 
development departments in 
France. Ireland and England 
before taking up his MBS post. 

Mr Michael Wood hall, a 
published translator who has 
lectured in German at two 
British polytechnics and orga- 
nized courses in six languages 
at the Ecole Superieure de 
Commerce de Lyon, is Direc- 
tor of the Centre. 

He explained how four ba- 
sic questions are asked of 
candidates for this course 
which even caters for hyper- 
active businessmen by starting 
at 8am. 

They are: What is the 
language nettled? Who needs 
it, perhaps the marketing 
manager or even a complete 
team of salesmen? When is it 
needed? and what level is 
required just basic courtesy 
phrases, or sufficient to under- 
stand a specialized report, or 
enough technical jargon to 
tender for a contract in Japan? 

One question which 
presents no problem at all is 
“what language?” All the rou- 
tine European languages, such 
as French, German. Italian 
and Spanish are regularly 
taught, and other courses 
available on demand include 
Dutch, Danish. Chinese. Ara- 
bic, Greek, Portuguese or 

All the LLC staff are “work- 
ing linguists” rather than aca- 
demics. They have all lived 
and worked extensively 

He also spent six months 
during 1984/85 teaching En- 
glish at a new business school 
set up in Beijing, a joint 
enterprise between the Chi- 
nese State Economic Commis- 
sion and the EEC. 

This venture by the school 
into the Far East was so 
successful that the Chinese 
connection has once again 
been forged by the LLC this 
year, starting in September, 
with Mr Ward in charge for 
the second time. The six- 
month course is in study skills 
to improve linguistic and 
study capabilities in English. 

Mr WoodbaJI will afro be 
heavily involved. He said: 
“We thought that this time it 
would go to a European school 
on a rotational basis, but 
obviously they were im- 
pressed sufficiently with our 
efforts last time.” 

He stressed that courses at 
the LLC are available at all 
levels, from absolute begin- 
ners to the more advanced 
who merely want to put some 
lop-spin on their current 
knowledge before venturing 

Most of the students he 
receives have the “I was never 
any good at languages at 
school” syndrome. 

But the experience of Mr 
Woodhall and his staff is that 
it does not take long to 
eliminate that attitude. As he 
said, it only needs a bit of 
plain language: 


Sound business from 

On screen: The school's audio visual department 

The word “nnemptoyment” Is not me 
which rates very highly in the vocabu- 
lary of Dr Peter Chisnall- His role at 
MBS is, after all, to make people with 
sufficient “get up and go” to do just that 

Dr Chisnall is director of the Small 
Business Development Unit (SBDU), a 
department which thrives on a string of 
success stories equal to anywhere else in 

The mala aims of the SBDU are two- 
fold - to help fledgling entrepreneurs 
pat sound propositions into viable 
reality and to develop taBor-made 
programmes for small and medium- 
sized firms which have come to a foil 
stop after a few years' trading. Dr 
Chndatl and his team help thou' to 

become bigger, better — and wealthier. 

la order to reflect more accurately the 
*iim aid ideals of the department, its 
name was changed last year to SBDU 
from New Enterprise Centre. 

Since then, Dr Chisnall has helped 
many people up the ladder of commer- 
cial success. Sack as the mao who 
wanted to start a do-it-yourself garage; • 
another who has established a home for 
the aged; a woman who now manages a 
highly recommended ethnic food centre; 
the Irishman who is flourishing with his 
natural yoghurt and quality ice-cream 
centre; the man who is boss of his own 
security firm which guards commercial 
properties; and the man who is planning 

to open up his very own drift mine with 
the enthusiastic support of the GEGB. 

Dr Chisnall sank “We’re not interest- 
ed in the bucket and ladder man. But if 
someone comes np to us with what 
appears to he a sound idea with grow* 
potential employing up to 20 people 
within 18 mouths to two-years, then 
we’re in business.” • ; - 

At present, three experimental pro- 
grammes are running in the, SBDU: 
Business - Opportunities - Programme 
(BOP), Firm Start (FS) and Tools for 
Growth (TFC). 

BOP covers 18 weeks, takes between 
11 to 18 participants and involves 10 
non-residential teaching days. In addi- 
tion, unemployed participants who are - 
mature, experienced executives are at- : 
laded to small “host" companies in 
order to provide specific help. 

This also gives them an opportmrity to 
exercise their management skills while 
they are seeking career employment 
which, in some cases, may wed arise . 
from working closely with the compa- 
nies they are attached to over the three- ; 
month period. 

Dr Chisnall is proud of his 90 per 
cent-plas s access rate of placing execu- 
tives, redundant Or otherwise out of 
work, in new and remunerative employ- : 
meat BOP is f traded by die regional 
office of the Manpower Services Com- 

FS is an experimental scheme which 
has 28 participants and run* over 52 
weeks. It is funded nationally by the 
MSC and promoted. by- Greater Man- 
chester Economic Development Corpo- 
ration. It provides a framework within 
which fedfridoafe dr prospective busi- 
ness partners seeking to start a new 
business,or develop one which b in its 
early stages* Castries t the feasibility of 
their ideas. 

. Each programme caters for both men 
and women who learn nee only from 
experienced MBS feodiy and outside 
experts* hot also from .one another. 

' TFG is another /pitot pregnane 
covering a three-year period daring 
which three courses *. year wffi 'he ran, 
covering* totafoTXOfr participants. The 
taqget market is defined as the top 
management frf developing and estab- 
Bshea/smaB ' and mettiotesittd 'firms, 
and (Jw course is fended by GMEDC 
and the European Social Fund. 

One of the main lessons it teaches is 
^'management of money and cash flow 
and, more' importantly, where to get ft 
when yon have not got ft.' 

In general, MBS b actively seeking 
the co-operation of large corporations in 
enterprise teaming and hopes to extend 
its activities significantly. 

. ML 

As in life, the best things in 
business sometimes happen 
by accident The origins of the 
International Banking Centre 
at Manchester Business 
School are said to be the result 
of an accident of timing of an 
introduction of the MBS phi- 
losophy to Barclays Interna- 

The introduction, so legend 
has it, was made by Professor 
Sir Douglas Hague, then chair- 
man of the Price Commission 
and a Northerner with long- 
standing connections with 
Manchester University and 
the Business School It came 
at the point when the bank felt 
it needed outside help to 
transfer expertise out of its 
traditional Caribbean and .Af- 
rican {and in particular Nigeri- 
an) markets and into the oil- 
rich Middle East, the Far East, 
Australasia, South America 
and Europe. 

The centre’s first banking 
course was run at Manchester 
in 1 973. The objective was to 
stan converting returning ex- 
patriates from operating a 
domestic banking service in a 
developing country to interna- 
tional corporate hanking in a 
developed economy. 

The centre to bank the future on 

The programmes initially 
lasted 1 7 weeks and were later 
reduced to 13 weeks, running 
for seven years at a rate of two 

courses a year. Phase one took 
place at Manchester, phases 
two, three and four were based 
at the bank's London head- 
office with project teams and 
individuals moving around 
the country and overseas as 
necessary during phases three 
and four. 

Dr James Byrne, director of 
the IBC, is a little defensive 
about the existence of an 
international banking centre 
based at Manchester when the 
logical site should be in Lon- 
don. In feet, one of the 
strengths of the centre from 
the start has been its willing- 
ness to adjust locations as wefl 
as content of courses 

Course material is confiden- 
tial to the banks concerned 
and examples are drawn from 
real-life case studies. This can 
be a big help in teaching 
bankers when they should and 
when they shouldn't aDow 
credit and other judgmental 
skills. It also has the advan- 
tage in allowing course mem- 
bers to try out new ideas while 
still under supervision and 
without necessarily incurring 
the fell penalties of getting it 
wrong first time. 

Some of the background 
research and market informa- 

tion gained from one client 
can be adapted for subsequent 
courses. Through its work for 
Barclays International for in- 
stance, the centre built up a 
depth of knowledge about 
conditions in Nigeria which it 
subsequently applied to local 
banks there. Last year the 
centre ran about 50 courses of 
three weeks' average duration 
and attended by more than 
800 people. Dr Byrne and his 
staff currently provide tailor- 
made programmes for 16 indi- 
vidual clients, including 
County Bank, Standard Char- 
tered Bank, Nordic Bank and 
Generate de Bank as well as 
IDOSt of the ^inla 

It has just completed a two- 
year contract to set up and 
manage an education pro- 
gramme for a Kuwaiti bank, 
which involved the design, 
set-up, running and handing 
over of an entire training 

Future plans, starting this 
year, involve diversification 
into other types of financial 
service — notably issuance 
companies and building soci- 

First stage of the expansion 
is an international conference 
due to be held in London in 
June which is being organized 
jointly with the Strategic Man- 

agemenr Society. The objec- 
tive is to provide a forum for 
academicians, practitioners 
and consultants to exchange 
views on appropriate strategic 
responses to new develop- 
ments and to speculate on 
future trends. The call for 
papers covers topics for out- 
side strict banking definitions. 

' “Boundaries between bank- 
ing and other activities in Use 
financial sector are breaking 
down because of develop-, 
men ts in technology; de-regu- ; 
lation and the inter- 
nationalization of : financial 
markets,” * says Dr Byrne. 
“Banking is changing, bankers 
need to change, too, and exter- 
nal educational institutions 
can be key change agents." 

“When IBC started m 1973^ 
the banking industry was ar 
the start of a . decade of 
explosive International 

tionalism of markets and by 
increasing uncertainty, about 
the meaning . of the term 
ijankrogf." •• 

. Most large banks have sub- 
stantial' internal; training and 
management development 
functions as- well as exoeQent 
residential accommodation 
for running courses. So why 
should they use an outsider? 

... Over. foe years, the IBC has 
developed a set of justifica- 
tions for. .the service, it pro- 
vides and it foils into two 
general categories: educational 
and logistic. 

On the educational front, 
the centre maintains it can 
provide a .quality of teaching 
at semqr levels which is 
probably better than that pro- 
vided by a single internal 
degmitiiem preocajpied with 
reaching lower level skills and 
to sic analysts framing. 

• Judgmental tasons.m par- 

ticular* mw be difficult to g « 
across effectively where 
course members ;aie more 
senfo than internal manage- 
ment development staff. 

growth in volume of activity 
feelled by foe. growth in Euro-, 
markets, with correspondingly 
massive training require- 
ments. That particular phase 
of development has ended and 
is now being-replaced by a no 
less explosive growth in com- 
plexity of activity, fuelled fry 
rapid changes in technology, 
by deregulation, by tnterna- 

In session: An MBA discussion group 

, Although it does run some 
“open" courses, the main 
work: of .foe cottre is in 
operating closely with individ- 
ual companies Where it looks 
for endorsement and support 
from top management 







9 mK 



Through its hand-in-hand relationship with the 
Manchester Business School BICC is developing a new 
generation of management with the skills, knowledge and 
confidence that will secure the company's role In the ' 

BICC is one of Britain's major engineering enterprises, 
with a success record that spans every continent 

This could not have been achieved without strong, 
effective management But where does the search for 
people with the right potential begin? It starts in the 
schools, technical colleges, universities and business 

For example, we've an established policy of recruiting 
MBA graduates from the Manchester Business SctaooL 
In that way, we can ensure bringing in people of the right 
calibre and background. 

More far-reaching still the School developed a two- 
week Senior Executive Programme tailored to our needs. 
This successful element of our management development 
scheme, attended by senior BICC managers from all 
comers of the world, has been an exclusive feature at the 
School for four years. 

By taking a planned approach to management 
development, we believe that we can continue to build on 
our success in a range of activities that encompass every 
field of industrial technology. From mining to 
telecommunications. .From construction to electronics. 
From aerospace to shipbuilding. 


7 Whatever your needs, 

^ Compass provides a cost 
* effective service for Cater ing 
fending, Training, Cleaning, Security, 
ining and Premises Management. 

Contact: Tony Barnard, General Manager (Sales) 
Telephone: 0532-521017 
Barry Smith: Business Development 


Telephone: 061-872-2112 

. 0> 


Ail t 


BICC pic. Group Head Office: PO Box 5, 21 Bloomsbury 
Street London WC1B 3QN. Tel: 01-637-1300, Telex: 628811 
BICC G (Insert Code: BIGHO) 




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Law Report March 18 1986 

Council power to ban gipsies limited 

g{Ci»i -2 

Uud&ttcnt grt-en March fij 

A local authority did nm have 

^^gj^mdersection lOOof 
thc Pubbe Health Aa 1936 to 
miuncaon* to prohibit 
**£■** camping oa land 
wfom n*areawMiitdid not 
own, atve to the extern that it 

conld show that the persons 
-against wham the injunctions 
were sought hal committed a 
*W"toy nuisance on the h™h 
- to which the injunctions were to 
relate and that the nytmctkais 
-were accessary to abate the 
nuisance or to prevent a live ly 
recurrence of it. 

. The -Court of Appeal so held 
m a reserved judgment, allowing 

m part appeals by the fifth, 

' rew»th and twentieth defen- 
dants, Mr Andrew Cunning- 
ham. Mr James Dolan and Mr 
Feier Simpson, from orders 
made by Judge Savflle. QC 

smmg as a Hkfi Court judgTon 

August S, 1985. on an interlocu- 
tory application in an action 
brought against them and 20 
others by the Bradford City 
Metropolitan Council. 

Mr David Bean for the sev- 
enth and twentieth de fendants ; 
Mr David Watirioson fair the 
fifth defendant; Mr Robert 
Gray, QC and Mr David Rose 
for the council 

delivering the judgment of the 
court, said that the council, 
relying upon its status as land- 
owner and upon section 100 of 
the 1936 Act, had sought injunc- 
tions against the defendants to 
restrain them, in effect, from (i) 
tre s pa s si n g on land which it 
owned; (ii) trespassing from any 
land within the city, whether 
owned by h or not; (in) commit- . 
ting nuisance and statutory 
nuisance on any land within the 
eaty, whether owned by ft or noL 

No issue of locus standi arose 
with regard to the council's own 

land, m respect of winch it sued 
. as landowner. However, the 
defendants had challenged the 
council's authority and locus 
stofliti to seek the injunctions in 
respect of land which it did not 


.«. Thc ( ’i nd 6 e » ««Kng to follow 
theguidafice laid down by Lord 
Diptock in American Cyanamid 
Cov Ethicon Ltd (119751 AC 
396), had declined to decide the 
owes of law raised by the 
defendants, holding that they 
should he left to tfie trial and 
that die bal an ce of convenience 
was in favour of g ranting the 

_The guidelines in ^memxzir 
vpw www were primarily di- 
rected to applications for in- 
terim relief where the facts were 
m issue; when the issues were of 
law, the court frequently did 
resolve the dispute before decid- 
ing whether to grant the applica- 

Indeed, the . court would not, 
save in vary special arcum- 
sta n ces . refuse to determine a 
q ues tion of law if subs* w y i riai 
hardship to one of the parties 
might result from that refusal. 

A court dearly ought to deal 
with issues of authority or locus 
standi, at least in a provisional 
manner, before deciding 
whether to grant interim refiet, 
and the judge had been wrong 
not to do so here. 

On appeal, the council had 
abandoned its danp to the 
injunction restr aining trespass 
on land which ft did not own; 
section 100 did not refer to 

The provisions in Part HI of 
the 1936 Act dealing with 
statutory nuisance made ft dear 
that the powers given to a local 
authority under section 100 
were limited. 

First, ft gave authority to 
bring proceedings only in re- 
spect of land on which a 
statutorty nuisance had existed 
with a view to securing fts 
abatement or prohibition. 

Further, it was impjticft that 

proceedings under section 100 
could only be taken against a 
person in respect of whom 
summary proceedings could be 
taken under sections 93 and 94. 
who would normally be the 
person responsible for creating 
- the nuisance. 

There was no evidence that 
the twentieth defendant had 
committed any nuisance on 
private land; there was such 
evidence against the seventh 
only in respect one privately 
owned sfte, and against the fifth 
in respect of only three such 

Therefore section 100 could 
not justify making any order 
agai nst the twentieth defendant; 
orders against the others under 
section 1 00 could only be made 
in respect of the named sites to 
which the evidence against them 

Furthermore, there had been 
no evidence before the judge 
that there was any continuation 
of the statutory nuisance or that 
it was likely to recur on those 
sites; ind e ed, the reason, for 
which the proceedings had been 
brought was that whenever pos- 
session orders had been made 
against the defendants they had 
moved to another she. 

If the court were to grant 
injunctions in those tircum- 
stanoes, ft would be granting a 
remedy where summary 
proceedings under the Act could 
not provide any remedy, not 
merely an inadequate one, and 
making the defendants liable to 
a penalty substantially greater 
than the fine provided for in the 

The court would only do the 
latter where there had been a 
deliberate and flagant disregard 
of the statutory prohibition; see 
Stoke-on-Trent City Council v B 
& Q (Retail) Ltd d 1984] AC 

The 1936 Act did not make it 
an offence to create a statutory 
nuisance; an offence only arose 
upon non-compliance with a 
nuisance order. 

In considering where the bal- 
ance of convenience lay, the 
judge had not dealt with the 
difficulties arising from the 
restricted nature of the relief, 
whidi could be given. Had he 
.done so it would have been 
’ apparent that the arguments for 
granting the interim iejun lions 
m respect of statutory nuisance 
were extremely weak, particu- 
larly in the light of what Lord 
Tcm pieman had said in B & Q. 

Where a council’s authority to 
bring proceedings bad been 
challenged, it should produce 
evidence of that authority and, 
in proceedings under section 
1 00, evidence that ft did not 
condder that summary proceed- 
ings under Part III would have 
provided an adequate remedy. 

. The defendants W con- 
tended that the injunctions 
ought not to be granted because 
the council had not fulfilled its 
duty under section 6 of the 

Caravan Sites Act 1968, 

that the council should have 
sought designation under sec- 
tion 12 of that Act so that it 
could use the criminal sanctions 
conferred by section 10 
respect of designated areas. 

However, it was for the 
county council to provide sites 
under section 6 and seek 
designation under section 12. 
and there was no evidence to 
establish any defau lt by the 
plaintiff council in respect of 
duties imposed by the 1968 Act. 
The judge had been entitled to 
leave the deter mina ti o n of that 
issue to the triaL 

In the result the council was 
entitled to injunctions only in 
respect of its own land, and 
those would be modified to 
make ft dear that they did uot 
apply to the highway and that 
they applied only where the 
defendants knew that the land in 
question belonged to the coun- 

Solicitors: John HoweO & Co, 
Sheffield; James & Co, Brad- 
ford; Ctaig & Co, Leeds; Mr A. 

R. Sykes, Bradford. 

Using unstamped measures in pub 

Evans ▼ Clifton Inns Ltd 
Before Lend Justice Stephen 
Brown- and Mr ; Justice 

(Judgment given March 12] 

The use of unstamped pre- 
SOitol^meffiurmg equipment 

by the licensee of a public house 
in the course ofhis employment, 
was prim a fade use by his 
employers for the purposes of a 
charge against the employers 
under section 11(2) of the 
Weights and Measures Act 
1963, as amended. 

The Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court so held, allowing 
an appeal by case stated by Mr 
John Gregory Evans, of Houns- 
low London Borough Cnnwei! 
trading department, 

against the deriaon of Bre n t for d 
Justices on March 26, 1985, on a 
submission of no case to answer, 
that the defendant company, 
Clifton Inns Ltd, who had been 
charged with two offences under 
section 11(2) of the 1963 Act. 
were not vicariously liable for 
the use of unstamped measuring 
equipment by their employee. 
Mr Shaid Khan, the licensee of 
the Bell Public House. Staines 
Road. Hounslow, and by Mr 
Stephen Southall, a barman 
Mr Bruce Speller for the 
prosecutor; Mr Janies Badenoch 
for the company. 


McCullough said nut the 

prosecution case was that two 
enforcement officers had gone 
to the pub and asked and paid 
for two jugs containing four 
pints of lager; and that the jags, 
whidi the Ecensee and barman 
hart filled straight from the tap, 
contained short measure. 

The prosecution evidence was 
that the jug, which the com- 
pany knew were on the 
premises, had not been passed 
as fit for ihe use to which they 
had been put. 

Section 160 of the Licensing 
Act 1964 provided that any 
person who add intoxicating 
liquor without a justices' licence 
was guilty of an offence. 

Relying on that provision, 
counsd for the company 
submitted that foe sale ofiotox*- 
cating liquor was a sale by the 
licensee and not the company; 
that tie four-pint plastic beer 
jugs in question, having been 
nyri as an instrument of sale, 
were used by foe licensee and 
not the company; and that the 
co mpan y conld not therefore be 
guilty of an offence under 
section 11(2) of the 1963 Act, as 
amended by the Weights and 
Measures Aa 1979. 

Section 11(2) provided that 
no person was to use for trade 
any measuring equipment pro- 

scribed by subsection (1) 
ft had beat passed as fit for such 
use by an inspector ami bore a 
stamp indicating that ft had 
been so passed. 

It was common gro un d that 
foe jogs were of a type pre- 
scribed by subsection (1). 

“Use for trade" meant, inter 
alia, use in connection with, or 
with a view to, a transaction for 
the transfer of money where the 
transaction was by reference to 
quantity and the use was for foe 
purpose of foe determination of 
that quantity: see section 9(1). 

By section 58(2), the refer e n ce 
in section 1 1(2) to a “perron” 
was a reference to that perron. 
Other than an inspector, or some 
Other person acting on his 

The noly question for the 
justices was whether, in using - 
the jugs, the licensee and the 
barman were acting on behalf of 
the company. It was common 
ground that, section 11(2) cre- 
ated an absolute offence and if 
they were so acting the 
company's state of knowledge 
relating to the use was irrele- 

It was conceded that foe 
licensee was employed by the 
company and that foe barman 
was acting for the licensee and, 
but for section 160 of the 
Licensing Aa 1964, there conld 

be no argument other Hum rt»» 
foe use of the jugs was a use by 
them in the course of their 
employment with and on behalf 
of the company. 

There was a distinction be- 
tween selling and using equip- 
ment for or in connection with, 
or with a view to, a transaction 
each as a sale. 

Using equipment was a phys- 
ical act; selling was the mating 
and fulfilling rtf a legal relation- 

There was nothing in section 
160 of the 1964 Aa to prevent 
the conclusion that in using the 
jugs in question for the purpose 
of measuring (albeit measuring 
for the transaction of a sale) the 
licensee and barman were acting 
on behalf of the company in the 
course of their employment. 

Thai was foe state of foe 
evidence at the dose of the 
prosecution case. In the circum- 
stances there was a sufficient 
case for the company to answer 
and the case would accordingly 
be remitted to the justices whh a 
direction that they continue foe 

Lord Justice Stephen Brown 

Solicitors: Mr T. J. Simmons, 
Hounslow; Grossman, Block & 

Fresh court-martial on original charge 

; v Amos 

fore Lord Justice Watkins. 

Mr Justice Garland and Mr 

Justice Ognall 

[Judgment given March 14] 

A convening officer had 
power to order a fresh court- 
martial ofa defendant in respect 
of whom a finding of guilt was 
not confirmed by his command- 
ing officer. The fresh court- 
martial could property proceed 
on the basis of the original 

A convening order was 
“issued” within foe meaning of 
section 134(3) of foe Army Aa 
1955 if it was signed by foe 
convening officer and directed a. 
court to convene at a particular 
time and place. 

The Courts-Martial Appeal 
Court so held in dismissing an 
appeal by Robin Keith Amos 
against his conviction cm Feb- 
ruary 15, 1985 before a District 
Court-Martial at Minden Glam- 
son, West Germany, of an 
offence of theft. 

Mr P. J. Richardson for foe 
appellant; Mr David Paga for 
foe prosecutor. 

said that the appellant had been 
convicted on a retrial. He had 
been previously tried on the 
same charge of theft and had 
been found guilty by foe court- 
martial on that occasion. 

The commander of the garri- 
son had on December 3. 1984 
refused to confirm the convic- 
tion after a petition was pre- 
sented by foe appellant alleging 
an irregularity m the course of 
the trial. 

On December 19 a convening 
order for a fresh court-martial 
was issued on behalf of foe 
commander of foe garrison by 
Captain Vincent, a staff officer. 
naming the dan- for foe fresh 
court-martial as February 12, 

A fresh charge-sheet came 
into existence, owing to the fact 
that a parallel procedure was 
followed simultaneously for 
convening a new courtmartiaL 
That procedure involved begin- 
ning the proceedings ab initio. 

However, the matter pro- 
ceeded to retrial on the basis of 
the December 19 convening 

order and the original charge- 
sheet from the earner proceed- 

That was wholly in proper 
form, and the appellant was by 
that means lawfully brought to 

There was no prejudice to the 
appellant arising from the fact 
that the president and both 
members of the court knew that 
the proceedings were by way of a 
retrial and that foe former trial 
had resulted in a finding of guilL 

There were many instances, 
especially in the lower courts, 
where a person had to be retried. 

There was dearly power in the 
convening officer to order a 
retrial. That was presupposed by 
the terms of section I34<3) of 
the Army Aa 1955. There was 
no basis for .the appellant's 
assertion that no such power 

The appellant asserted that 
the charge had not been prop- 
erty laid in accordance with rule 
22(1) of the Rules of Procedure 
(Army) (SI 1972. No 316), and 
that a new chains sheet should 

have formed the basis for the 
new triaL 

■ There was nothing to that 
point. When the commanding 
officer refused ip confirm the 
finding of guilt it was as if foe 
first court-martial had never 
taken place; accordingly the 
charge as laid remained laid. 

On that charge sheet was a 
signed order in proper form. It 
would have been improper for a 
fresh charge-sheet to have been 

The appellant argued also that 
the convening order had never 
been “issued” within the mean- 
ing of section 1 34(3) of for 
Army Act. 

By that word was meant the 
effect by signing of an order 
which it was necessary to bring 
into effect. What was referred to 
was an order, signed and made 
to a court directing it to sit upon 
a particular date and at a 
particular place. The convening 
order bad been issued within the 
meaning of foe section. 

Solicitors: Registrar of 
Courts-Martial Appeals; Direc- 
tor of Army Legal Services. 

AH tenants must have a voice •m 

Featbersfone and Others ▼ 
Staples and Others 
Before Lord Justice Slade, Lord 
Justice Stocker and Sir 
Roualeyn C u mm i ng-Brucc 
[Judgment given March 1 1] 

If a landowner chose to grant 
otto* persons a tenancy of 
agricultural land (whether or not 
including himself as a tenant), 
public policy required that those 
other tenants should haw 
authority or be treated asbaving 
authority to serve an effective 
counter-notice under section 
2(1) of the Agricultural Holdings 
(Notices to Quit) Aa 1977 on 
behalf of all the tenants without 
his concurrence and thus (neg- 
atively) required the avoidance 
of any contractual condition, 
whether express or implied and 
whether contained in the ten- 
ancy agreement or in a partner- 
ship agreement or elsewhere, 
which purported to deny _ those 
other tenants such authority. 

Any contrary decision of foe 
Court of Appeal would be bkdy 
lo open the door to widespread 
evasion of foe T977 Act to foe 
detriment of foe security of 
tenure which Parliament cleany 
intended to confer on agri? 
cultural tenants. . 

The Court of Appeal so tew 
in a reserved judgment dt souss- 
mg an appeal of the landlords 
against a decision ofMr Ju®*« 
Nourse dated October 3 !, 1984 
(The Times, November A 
1984). whereby foe .judge held 
that . giving of an effective 
counter- notice under - section 
2(1) did DWreqmre foe eoocur- 
rence or authority of a craponwe 
joint tenant which was wholly 
owned by. foe landlords. 

Mr Derek Wood, QC and 
Miss Joanne Moss for the 
appellants; Mr Harold Burnett, 
QC and Mr A, P-S. de Freitas for 
foe tenants. 

said earlier that, subject to foe 
qualification with regard to the 
authority granted by joint ten- 
. ants, the phrase “foe tenant" m 
the case of any joint tenancy, m 
the context of section 2(lXb) of 
the 1977 Art must mean “the 
joint tenancy*" and not “the 
joint tenants or any one or more 
of them”. Newman v Keedweu 
H 1977) 35 P & CR 393) "fas not 
limited to the particular ctrcum- 
stances of that case. . 

A dear line of authority 
exemplified by Leek and Moor- 
land Building Society v Clark 
Q 1952] 2 QBT88) mri Green- 
wich London Borough Council v 

AfcGraddy ((1982) Si LGR 288) 
showed that at common law, if 
there was to be a renewal of a 
periodic tenancy held by joint 
tenants, at the end of one of its 
periods, then all tenants had to 

In those circumstances it was 
most unlikely that foe legisla- 
ture would have intended that ■ 
in the case of a joint tenancy a 
valid counter-notice coukl be 
served without the concurrence 
of all the joint tenants. 

Furthermore, the phrase “the 
tenant" in section 2(lXa) of foe 
1977 Aa must in the case of a 
joint tenancy meant “joint 
tenants”. Prime facie the same 
phrase, immediately following 
in section 2(1 Kb) must bear the 
same meaning. 

. Solicitors: Pinsent & Co. Bir- 
mingham: Hayes Son & Rich- 
mond, Gainsborough. 

Horseplay defence 

v Muir and Others 

Ln _ .. irfnn n charged with ma- 
liciously inflicting grievous 
bodily harm were entitled to 
have considered by the jury foe 
defence that they were engaged 
in rough and undisciplined 
horseplay, bad not intended any 
barm and had thought that the 
victims were consenting to what 
had occurred. , • 

The Court of Appeal (Crim- 
inal Division) (Lord Justice 
Watkins, Mr Justice McCowan 
and Mr Justice Otion) so. held 
oa March 13 when- giving 
reasons for allowing appeals 
against.,- convictions at 

Snaresbrook Crown Court 
(Judge Moia Singh) of offences 
contrary to section 20 of the 
Offences against the Pawn Aa 

said that foe exceptions to 
assauh fisted in Attorney 
General’s Reference (No 6 of 
1980) ([1981] I QB 715, 719) 
was not intended to be ex- 
haustive. The appellants were 
entitled- to have their defence 
considered by the jqry. It was 
wrong for the judge to role that 
the defence should not be purto 
the jury. ' . . . 

a house 
for gains tax 

Moore v Thompson (Inspector 
of Taxes) 

Genera] commissioners bear- 
ing a capital gains tax appeal 
were entitled to hold that a 
caravan shed in foe grounds of | 
an uninhabitable property in foe 
course of renovation by the 
taxpayer, was not a dwelling 
house for the purposes of foe 
relief from the tax given on foe 
disposal of private residences. 

Mr Justice Millett so stated in 
the Chancery Division on 
March 6 when dismissing an 
appeal by Mrs Joan Moore, foe 
taxpayer, from a determination 
by Burnley commissioners that 
had upheld an assessment to the 
tax made on her for 1979/80. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that the 
taxpayer's wheeled caravan had 
been towed into.foe courtyard of j 
an old farmhouse that belonged 
to her and which needed exten- 
sive renovation. 

The caravan was occupied by 
her sporadically when renova- 
tion work was being done On the 
house. It contained furniture 
but had no electricity or water 
laid to it and bottled gas was 
used for heating and cooking 
The commissioners, having 
been referred to Matins v Bison 
([1977] 1 WLR 221) - a case 
where a caravan was held to be a 
dwelling house for foe purposes 
of foe tax - were on foe facts 
entitled to conclude that this 
caravan was not a dwelling 
house within the meaning of 
section 101 of the Capital Crains 
Tax Aa 1979. 





Turner Kenneth Brown's expanding Com pany/Commercial Department wants Solicitors 
with at least 2-3 years' post -qualification experience of company and commercial law. 

The firm 's clien is include financial institu tions, public and large private companies, and 
we have strong international connections. 

Accordingly, (he work will be wide ranging and experience in banking and financial 
mauers would be an advantage. 


The firm also seeks Tax Advisers with 3-5 > ears' experience as a Solicitor, Accountant or 
Barrister specialising in taxor as a Senior inland Revenue Officer. 

Our tax advisers serve the diverse requirements of foe largest international corporations 

and substantial private diems. 

Those appointed should therefore expect a varied caseload, with opportunities to specialise. 

We occupy modem offices in the City designed in create for us an efficient and friendly 
working environment, making full use of new technology. 

Attractive salaries will be paid to the successful candidates. 

Please apply in writing with ajull 
curriculum vitae to:- 
CaroleJ. Cock sedge 
Personnel Manager 
Turner Kenneth Brown 
100 Fetter Lane 
London EC4A 1DD 




Marketing and Public 


Partner Status 

The increasing importance of marketing and effective public relations for professional films has 
led to this new position being created in this btoy and successful City firm ofsolirirors. 

Your role will be to co-ordinate the marketing and practice development activities of the firm and 
to develop further its relations with the business community. Responsibilities will include 
advertising, press relations, entertainment ani publications and you will report to the Senior 

Ideally you will already he working in a similar position in a professional practice, flnanrial 
insri rattan or service organisation. A background in the law is not essential bur would be helpfuL 

Remuneration is for discussion but die post is of partner status and the potential rewards ate 
extremely attractive. 

Please write to John Cameron, quoting ref. CT514, at 11 Gough Square, London EC4A3DE 
(telephone 01-583 3911). 



































Management Selection Limited 

Baker & McKenzie 

Trade Mark Agent 


Baker & M9Kenzie, Hong Kong, have a vacancy for a capable 
person who has experience in a wide variety of trade mark matters 
to join the Trade Marks Department. Ideally, the person should be 
a member of The Institute of Trade Mark Agents. However, appli- 
cants who are not ITMA members with a solid grounding in trade 
mark registration and related issues are also encouraged to apply. 

Attractive salary and benefits will be offered to the successful 

In the first instance please write with full curriculum vitae to:- 
Blair Wallace, Partnership Secretary, Baker & M?Kenzie, 
Aldwych House, Aldwych, London WC2B 4JP. 
Interviews will take place in London. 


BUDDLE FINDLAY has vacancies in its Wellington and Auckland offices for 

Commercial Solicitors 

with post-admission experience. 

Buddie Findlay has an established practice in Wellington, specialising 
particularly in corporate and banking law. The recent deregulation of the 
financial sector in New Zealand has precipitated rapid expansion in these fields 
of practice, particularly in relation to offshore financing. In addition, we have 
recently opened an office in Auckland specialising in banking and corporate law. 

We are seeking applications from Solicitors intending to return to New 
Zealand in 1986/7. Experience in corporate, banking or taxation law or 
commercial litigation is desirable. 

Salary will be commensurate with age and experience and will be 
competitive. Interviews will be conducted in London in ApriL 

Please apply in writing including full details of academic 
qualifications and practical experience tcc- 

Mr. A. S. j. A'Conrt, Buddie Findlay, do Bank of New Zealand, 
BNZ House, 91 Gresham Street, London EC2. 


Large Edinburgh W.S. firm seeks young 
qualified Solicitor, with experience in foe 
corporate and commercial fields. The Post offers 
an excellent opportunity to foe candidate able in 
his field to assist in the expansion of this already 
busy department of foe firm. 

The post will cany renumeration at the top end 
of foe scale for foe selected candidate. 

Apply with details of experience, in confidence, 
to: Red No. 536, Menzies & Young Advertising, 
6 & 7 Wemyss Place. Edinburgh, EH3 6XA. 

Hampshire: magistrates court committee 


Professional Trainee 

AMcmona ■» Invited front young lawyn* wtoMng Bo pniiur ■ 
rarwf In tnt MMtaralK Courts for Ihf goal of ProfeiMonal 
Tromoe m Ihc abovmcfWonM (Uiwmi U U» Court Hoiac. Aider- 
shot ion salary £B178-£95SWl. 

Applicants should have passed the (Inal Qualifying exammaOanB 
(or solid ton or Hamsun and have the pMHw and ambtUOh to 
Become a JutUm Clerk. The training presided wed eonsunue a 
sound tint up to turn an appointment. Aiuctei of OertaNp win 
Be available U appropriate. 

AppUnthans UXKhar with the name* and au flf aw of two refer- 
ees should reach the undentooed w 27ui Match I9te 

J A Farwefl LLB SoHCBor 
cm m Hie Juans 
Owe Centre 
Akunhof GO II I NY. 


Are looking for 


with sufficient experience to run a busy Civil 
Litigation Department with emphasis on P.l. 
work at their Hounslow office. Competitive sala- 
ry, pension and a quality car. 

TEL: Mr. Wttttto 01-570 5471. 


Efitablftlied New York based international 
law firm with tax and commercial practice 
seeks Barrister. Solicitor. 3-5 years experi- 
ence, for London representative office. 
Salary commensurate with experience. 

Apply in confidence to: 

Box D58, The Times, PO Box 484, 
Virginia Street, London, El 9DD. 

is n 

It i 
























£ -t*^ , ) a\j6 J 

" . A . rif.y-v 


Tl- g. -JlL nau M 




Young Lawyer 

International Investment Banking 

We are seeking a young lawyer to join the busy legal 
department of this major investment bank, which is involved in 
all aspects of international finance and Euro-market transactions. 
As one of our lawyers, you will be required to act in a general 
advisory capacity and to assist in the documentation and 
administration of transactions undertaken by Manufacturers 
Hanover Limited. 

The ideal candidate wilt be a recently qualified Solicitor with a 
good academic background, preferably with some relevant 
experience, but more importantly, with the enthusiasm and 
ability to perform well in a dynamic and demanding 

Team spirit and an outgoing personality are pre-requisites, as is 
the ability to communicate at all levels. 

A competitive salary will be offered, together with a generous 
benefits package, including subsidised mongage. 

Please send a full CV to General Manager — Personnel, 
Manufacturers Hanover Limited, 7 Princes Street, London 
EC2P 2EN. 









Texas Instruments is a Jeacfing serraconduclor and digital systems 
manufacturer with international operations which indude an extensive 
and dynamic manufacturing, raaiketing and R&D tn 

We require a young SoGdlor'or Banfeter with around 3*5 years 
post admittance experience to augment die Etropean^branch of the r 
Corporate Legal Division- Based at Bedford, the U.K. Headquarters of 
Teas Instruments Lnrriteri. the successful candidate -uriH oe respans&rfe 
for the provision of general legal services for *e Company's U K. 
operations concentrating on contract and company w advice. 
technology protection, supervision and occasional conducted litigation 
and real estate transactions, labour law and legal training of company 
personnel with particular-reference to legislative conrpfiance. As part of a 
worldwide legal organisation you wul be expected to advise aH /eyes of 
the U.K. management team and toliaise with theCompanys retained law 
firm where appropriate. . ' _ . ' 

Candidates must have gained relevant experience m a commercial 
environment. Personal qualities should include a high degree of 
motivation, above average communication skills and the abffityto work 
Independently. Previous employment with a European or U S 
multinational in the high-tech sector is desirable but not essential 

A salary of c. £20.000 together with a generous benefits package 
and a superior worimgenwronment will be offe red'to the right candidate. 
Relocation expenses will be met where appropriate. 

If you fed that your qualifications and experience match our 
requirements, please send your detailed c.v- quoting reference CF] 2. - 

including details of current salary. ■ . 

in strictest confidence to: "TEXAS 

* Instruments 

Caroline James. 
Recruitment Officer, Texas 
Instruments limited, 
Manton Lane. Bedford, 
MK41 7PA (no agencies). 


Changing the shape of the future 




Due to continued expansion we have the following vacancies for applicants with a good academic record, enthusiasm and a 
willingness to work hard. 


There arc a number of positions for litigation solicitors of 2 years or more experience. The workload is interesting and varied with 
an emphasis on insurance and reinsurance matters. The successful applicants will be capable of handling a caseload without 
supervision and working as a member of a team. 


We require experienced personal injury litigators capable of handling a volume ofcases without supervision. The work is mainly 
on behalf of Defendants in claims arising out of Employers Liability, Public liability and Road Traffic matters. Whilst the bulk 
of the caseload will comprise personal injury litigation there will be opportunities for the successful applicants to undertake other 
types of work should they wish to do so. 


There are openings for senior and junior commercial conveyancers. The workload involves substantial transactions which are 
varied and demanding. For the senior positon the successful applicant will be capable ofhandling a series of transactions without 
supervision. On occasions it will be necessary for the successful applicants to work as part of a team. 


Due to the continued expansion of our Company Commercial Department we now require a further experienced assistant 
solicitor to undertake a variety of work. The workload is interesting and demanding involving both public and private 
companies. Applicants will be considered from recently qualified solicitors or those about (o qualify. 

The successful applicants will receive a renumeration package which we believe to be above average in addition to which, there 
are excellent career prospects in a rapidly expanding firm. 

If you are interested in any of the above positions, please send a full CV to: 

Davies, Arnold & Cooper 
12, Bridewell Platt, London EC4V 6 AD, 
marked for the Attention of 
Simon Pearl for Che Litigation Posts, 

Anthony Harris for the Conveyancing Post, 
and Andrew Britton for the Company/Commercial post. 

Finance Partners 

My clients are a major firm of City 
solicitors enjoying the advantages of scale 
whilst remaining a true partnership. They 
occupy new purpose built offices with an 
attractive working environment and 
modem business systems. 

Their Company and Commercial 
Department is expanding and they wish to 
recruit experienced solicitors to specialise 
in corporate finance work. Their 
corporate finance practice is a vital part of 
the Department and the successful 
candidates will play an important rote 
in developing it. 

The qualities required 
include substantial corporate 

finance experience, a sound academic 
background and a flair for practice 
development. A client following is highly 

It is intended to offer immediate 
partnerships to the successful candidates. 

This is an outstanding career 
opportunity for able and ambitious 
solicitors to develop their own practices as 
part of a progressive team. 

Please apply with full C.V, quoting 
JH/117 to: John Hamilton, 

51-53 High Street, 

Guildford GUI 3DY. 

Tel: (0483) 574814. 

John Hamilton Associates 

J-egal Personnel & Management Consultants. 



VCV jre j major and long established commercial practice in the 
City of Birmingham which offers a comprehensive range of 
legal services to clients on a national basis. Vie seek to recruir 
commercially minded and ambitious buyers for our energetic 
and expanding Company Department in the following areas:- 
TAXATION The successful candidate trill have at least three 
years post-qualification experience in all aspects 
of corporate taxation and the ability to 
undertake substantial responsibility in advising 
clients on corporate tax planning. 

COMPANY This appointment requires a buyer of not less 
than two years post-qualification experience to 
assist with general company work for public 
and private companies, including management 
buy-ours. USM flotations, acquisitions and 

An attractive salary and excellent career prospects will be offered 
for lawyers of a high calibre. 

Candidates lor the above positions should write, . 
enclosing a full C.V., to: 

Milton Psy Hides, Evershed & Tomkmson, 

10 Newhall Street, Birmingham B3 3 LX. 

Telephone: 021-233 2001- 

Principal Solicitor 

£17,601 - £18,699 (POJ) 

The Council wishes lo recruit a Solicitor to advise an 
development, planning, highway and property matters. 
It will provide an outstanding opportunity for someone 
with at least five years post-qualification experience to 
develop their expertise in these fields. The council has 
an ambitious programme of (own centre redevelop- 
ment and to achieve this has formulated a large road 
building and pedesirianisation programme. There are 
other commercial developments taking place which 

also require substantial legal input. The successful per- 

son. apart from having a sound knowledge of the . 
needs to have flair and initiative so as to play a foil role 
in the business process of the Council. 

Applicants must ahve relevant experience but il is not a 
requirement that all or any of this should have been 
gained in the public sector. 

Benefits indude a generous relocation paefee in ap- 
proved cases, fiaexibk working hours and a staff 

For an informal discoswon, ring Leyland 
Birch (Chief Solicitor} 01-303 7777 Ext. 
2040, or apply to him at the Civic Offices, 
Broadway, Bexleyhe a th, Kent DA6 7LB 
(Ext. 2011) for an appRcatioa form and far- 
ther details. 

ClMfac d*t* tl April 1984, 

Tb» wtl » nfaj M* to Urn UHGSC Rios F 
With their pcratMoo il lo now Mac oftnotl on on 

Uridri boob, AppfcoB no oro parti riri w ij kiImiw Irw 
employees lo Bo GLC London B orou g h* ood WCC*. 


As a major City firm, we have a continuing need in 
our Company Department for able and energetic solicitors 
with good academic records and with some qualified 
experience. - 

The rewards, professionally and financially, are 

Applications with full personal and professional 
details should be sent to Mrs. E. R.Trev% Personnel Manager 

Watlrng House, 35-37 Cannon Street, 
London EC4M 5SD. 

Overseas Offices: New York, Hong- Kong and Paris. 

vc ■ 


Freshfields are looking for able and energetic lawyers to join their Company/ 
Commercial and Real Property Departments. 

Company & Commercial 

Applicants should have at 
least two years’ post-qualification 
experience in the Company/ 
Commercial field. The job will 
include corporate finance and 
other work of high quality in the 
financial markets. Future 
opportunities exist for assignment 
to an overseas office. 

Real. Property 

While some post- 
qualification.experience is 
preferred newly admitted 
applicants will certainly be 
considered for these positions. 
Sound academic backgrounds 
coupled with good commercial 
judgement are necessary 

In both departments excellent career o 
further their experience in a tax in 

llent career opportunities exist for those wishing to 
xing yet intellectually stimulating environment? 

If you wish to apply, or would like to discuss your suitability, please write to or 
telephone David Ranee at:- Freshfields, Grindall House, 25 Newgate Street, London 
EC I A 7LH Telephone :01-606 6677 8 , 




Tills substantial Group of companies trading 
mainly in the maritime field with strong 
national and international connections are 
looking to appoint a new Company 
Secretary/Legal Adviser. 

Thesuccessful candidate will be responsible 
for all secretarial, legal and insurance 
matters at Group and subsidiary level. 
Candidates, aged between 28 and 45, are 
likely to be Chartered Secretaries with legal 
qualifications. They will have had at least ' 
3 years practical experience of Company 
legal matters. 

An attractive salary, company car and other 
benefits are available 

Please apply giving details of experience 
and salary progression to: 

The Chairman, 

North British Maritime 
GroqgLtd n 

Boston House, St Andrew’s 
Dock. Hull HU34PR. 



withan Cresting and 

Please send lull curriculum vitae, in confktenc®,to : 

Nicholas Httta 
'Bower, Still A Keeling 
5 New Square . 

Lincoln’s Inn 

WC 2 A 3 RP ' - 





Secure a Broad Role 

. Total Oil Marine pic, a wholly-owned 
British subsidiary of a major multinational 
energy group, is a substantial North Sea 
operator. Its facilities supply around 40% 
of the UK's' natural gas and ft is 
committed to an expanding programme 
of offshore activity. It is currently 
developing the Aiwyn North field as a 
major new source of oil and gas which is 
scheduled to come on stream in late 

it now needs both a recently qualified 
lawyer and a lawyer with around four 
yeas' post-qualification experience to 
join the small Legal Department 
based at the company's West End 

You will be involved in the 
negotiation and drafting of a wide range 
erf joint-venture agreements and in 
advisingon exploration, development . 
and production activities. This is likely to 
include some travel within the UK and 

You should have experience of 
drafting commercial agreements and are 
currently working in industry or in the’ 
commercial department of an established 
private practice. You have a first-dass . 
track record, are in your 20s and are likely 

to be familiar with the upstream oil and 
gas industry. 

You will enjoy a competitive, index- 
linked salary plus a comprehensive range 
of benefits and a secure future with a 
respected company. 

Please write with cv or 
telephone for an application 
form to Sue Jagger, / 

Cripps, Sears & Associates /, 

Limited, Personnel / 

Management Consultants, / . " 
88-89 High Holbom, / ■ l 
London WC1V6LH. X-V ... 

Tel: 01-4045701. X ". V. 

’ V, 

Bringing energy ashore 

IXOAL. EXECUTIVE ttupatton Uv 
cludinq personal Ovary. 
Binrnnflham E12.SOO WeMtx 
Consuttanis 0936 25] S3. 

foil Uugauon bun £12.900 
Accord PmonM 0936 Bi 6606 

(ration legal executive (or 
Surrey ‘Greater London tom 
£11.000 Wessex Consultants 
0936 25183- 

■ LEEDS cror ctumt Finn need 
young LIligMM- £50.000- Ac- 
cord Personnel 0936 816506 

YOUNa CO/Coavnarcial Sols for 
Qty and Pnovtnctal- Practices. 
01-683 0055 Court Associates. 
Firm ouatUy wort Q2 JOOl 
A ccord Per so n nel 0936816806 
WOT YOMUNME young legal 
eMCUIlve an rounder £9.000. 
Accord Personnel 0936 81 6606 


Diinant Piesse is a ■well-established Gty law firm with an extensive 
financial and commercial practice.The practice is rapidly 
expanding whilst aiming ro maintain a personal service. 

We are therefore seeking additional lawyers to assume 
responsibility for wide-ranging, professionally stimulating work in 
a number of areas:- 


Wfe are looking for exceptionally able solicitors of more than two 
years post qualification commercial experience to handle a wide 
range of commercial and/or insolvency work 


We are looking for an exceptional commercial property lawyer of 
about two years experience to handle a wide range of challenging 
commercial property work. 


We are looking fora buyer with a sound scientific background. 
The work involves litigation in patents, trade marks, copyright, 
passing off arid other allied areas together with the ability to 
draft licences. 


There is also a part-time vacancy for a qualified solicitor or barrister 
to manage the firm's Information bank and provide research 

services and back-up. 

In aD cases we shall seek from applicants evidence of initiative and 
intellectual skills together with a good academic background to 
at least 2:2 degree standard, preferably complemented by 
broadh’-baied articles. 

Please write in confidence with a full curriculum vitae 
to Tim Street, Durrant Piesse, 73 Cheapside, 
London EC2V 6ER. 



e newspaper lawyers 


successful applicant who win hava had at least three years post- 
SESSKn aXSrience wffl be required to deal with a wide range of 
work inducing drafting and negotiating 

LITIGATION soucior. The post involves conducting 

and copyright. 

NEWSPAPER LAWYER. Barrister/Solicitor to advise on an 

legal aspects of newspaper/magazine publishing. 

^ssssr^sss ssk 


Circus, London EC1P 1DP- 

Mirror Group 




Progressive expanding 
Practice requires: 
Litigation Solicitor 

Conveyanong Solicitor 


Organised 4 Methodical 
Top Salary depending 
on experience 
Apply: M.J. Spears 
(048 93) 6386 

Banking Lawyers 

Wfe are looking for lawyers to join our busy banking 

The department's work is demanding and stimulating 
and of considerable variety 

Applicants, who may be solicitors or barristers, must be 
able and enthusiastic with a good academic background. 
Up to three years* previous relevant experience is 
preferred, but we should also like to hear from newly 
qualified applicants with sound general experience. 

We can offer attractive and rewarding career oppor- 
tunities in the challenging environment of a City practice. 
If you would like to find out more please write with a 
curriculum vitae to James Aitchison, Cameron Markby, Moor 
House, London Wall, London EC2Y 5HE. 


Law Book Publishers 

Buiicrworths. the leading legal publishers, are 
looking for a Barrister with some knwoledge of 
drafting forms and of civil procedure to become 
a sub-editor on one of its long established ency- 
clopaedic publications. Experience of editorial 
work is not necessary but applicants should have 
the ability to work methodically and with 

Terms and conditions in accordance with NUJ 
agree men L Salary c. £9.500 (under review), LVs, 
pension 'scheme. 27 days annual leave. 


BattenrarCh & Co. (pdbBshers) IM, 

n 88 Ktegsway 

London WC 2 B 6AB 

□□ Butterworths 



Anricatkmi am bwtted tar tha appoHmunt ol Accortant to tha 
Chamber of Coal Traders and ns Brae consMunm member 
mnen tea noon; the Coal Merchants' FaderaSon at Qraat Main: 
me National Assocaton ol Sofid Fuel wtwiesalera and tha British 
Coal Exporters' Federation. 

The Chamber is structured raaianeOy throughout Greet Britain 
end the appointment is at senior level RaaponsMtme include 
tfM preparation olquMtaify and amialaooouniB.I)u(lgaiB. sati- 
res, oobetfons and da&feuttons of sutacription incoma, imoicM 
and other peymentt and ttw control ot bank deposits end inveat- 
mnrts. The succaeafid anptcant would etao be e x pe ct ed to assist 
the Dkneior with me emetna management ot the Chambers 
he a dquarters and staff. 

Satary negotiable £14.000 per annum with travel akrwance. LVs, 
medical insurance and panalon. 

PlaaM apply with tiM C.V, to: 

Hw Uractor 

Chamber of Coal Traders 


We are looking for an able and experienced 
solicitor to join our Employment Group. 

This is a new appointment within an estab- 
lished team specialising in this field. It calls 
for experience in all aspects of individual and 
collective labour law plus the ability to give 
quick and comprehensive advice. 

The rewards both professionally and financially 
are very attractive. 

if you would like to find out more, please 
write sending a complete CV to Michael 
Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion Street London 
EC2M 2RJ. 




Salary up to £14,385 

Prosecuting in the Magistrates' Courts offers a 
challenging and stimulating career to lawyers 
who have an aptitude for advocacy and an inter- 
est in criminal law. We are looking both for die 
enthusiastic newly-qualified lawyer and also for 
more experienced practitioners. The latter may 
be expected to be appointed towards the top of 
the salary scale. 

The Sussex Magistrates' Courts are located in 
a wide variety ot places such as the seaside 
resorts of Brighton and Eastbourne, the Cathe- 
dra) City and yachting centre of Chichester, 
Crawley (serving the New Town and the world's 
fourth busiest international airport at Gatwick) 
and picturesque and historic towns such as Bat- 
tle, Rye, Steyning, Lewes and Arundel. Lovers of 
the outdoors can enjoy the beauty of the coast, 
the Downs and the Ashdown Forest Many parts 
of Sussex lie within one and a half hours by train 
from the West End and a few hours of the 

For further particulars and appfication forms 
telephone Pat WeHer/David Panniter on Lewes 
(0273) 475400, ext e nsion 573 or write to the 
Solicitor and Deputy Clerk, Pefliam House, St 
Andrews Lane, Lewes, East Sussex BN7 1UN. 

Gabriel Duffy Consutan 



Our chants. a woB known Norwich practice, are seeking a 
speoniat company lawyer, trained M the City and with 1-3 
years experience to day a major roia M the openng of thee 
new office m Cambridge. The right candidates wS work on a 
w«fe range of high profile matters and can look forward to 
excaflert prospects m tlas triendy. mar expanding practice. 


A major practice m Oxford is reonrtjng a Company/- 
Commercial lawyer and a lawyer ep&aaksmg In private chant 
matters to assist m its Oxford office. Canddmas should bo 0- 
2 years quaHted and haw soma Cfiy experience, gained 
either durmg erodes of post Qualification. Workload csnostfol 
(patty cases and the prospects are good. 

If you ara toed of being crushed between gartic eatara on the fliM 
and seak a can?er wtndi offers the opportune to worn n peas- 
ant surTounc§nQ5 wnthouMosng ttte-Quatty caseload or excefiam 
salary mesa Doaduns ara lor you. 

Claire Wiseman - Legal Division 
Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swithins Lane, 
Cannon Street London EC4N 8AL 
Tel: 01.623 4295 


( iominm'.iiil hoperl v 

We require [*o soHdtor* to join ta. Tbs* present* the 
successful applicants with the opportunity to develop ibefr 
career prospects in a dynamic and expanding area of 
practice winch demands not only itteOocnal application 
tat aho tatiaea acumen. 

Oar Gmmerehl Property Department deals with bB 
aspects of comacrelaj conveyancing. including property 
development and investment; securities; purchases, sales 
and leases of shops, offices, waratam; Insure aad 
itu j ri t w i l propeniu md agr.aJnpal wait. 

One position wffl suit an experienced and atubvtiots 
soBcitor Bccattomcd to wotting wttb the nrinnmira of 

The other posmonwai soil xn c atfi iitjatia. young 
aoEdtor anion ragaia experience. 

RiH txatojug wffl be giveu and Ibe deveiopnent of 
communica tion sMBs andprofcssmaal knowledge are 

f jWH w l hy [yltr i9[»ii m i i| I i I 

Tta cawfidatei wfll have the abffity and 

pereonaHiy to karo quicUjr and mane responsibility for ■ 
varied and interesting aUoamm of cBenr matten. 

Top salaries offered. A full Piacting Certificate is 

Ap^y m writing with areer details to os at 349 West 
George Street. Glasgow. Q2 4RB (Ref: AAS). 





A Lawyer is rewired to jean the Ma na gement Team, 
based in the We of Man. wmen adntinfetera a poup of 
Mghly successful companies lnflwUng a wall known 
merchant bank and ren international property company. 
The position will involve assbOng in ore management or 
a my sutaJantfid property portfolio, supervising outside 
lawyers In the acquisition and dtsposai of eJott&ttS m the 
pordouo. advfslno Ihe merchant tank and acting as gen- 
eral legal counsel to ihe group and Os-founder and 
majority shareholder. 

Applicants should apply In writing endostng a fiiU CV to 
the address below. All apcdJcatfcm wQ2 be treated ta the 
strictest confidence. 


ro. if rT'T-H i* ■> J i , ■ i, , ? 1 1 ^ 'J 




HU-9 - £11,850 TO £15, 

Applications are invited from qualified Solicitors for a 
post which offers career prospects with a major local 

Application forms, returnable by 4th April 1986, 
together with further particulars are available from the 

Chief Executive and Clerk, County Hail, 
Durham, DH1 SUL Tel:Durham 64411, Ext; 


C £30,000 + CAR 

For a major textile Group which has been one of the 
Industry's success stories of the 2 980s and is continuing to 
advance strongly. The group combines a strong 
entrepreneurial operation with the production of a 
vertically integrated range of quality products. 

The General Counsel will establish a new legal department 
for the Group, advising and counselling the Board and 
general management on all legal matters, this will be 
combined with being appointed Company Secretary of a 
listed company (turnover £100 million per annum) where 
responsibility will be for statutory duties and for managing 
the full range of Company secretarial matters. 

Aged 35 to 45 the preferred candidate will be a solicitor or 
barrister with experience in the secretarial function. A high 
degree of expertise and experience in commercial law is 
required together with a sound grasp of business 
organisation and policy. He will be expected to act with 
initiative and imagination, and will often be taking 
important decisions with expedition. Some experience of 
commercial litigation will also be valuable. 

Remuneration will be commensurate with the 
responsibilities of this demanding post which is London 

Replies in strictest confidence to: 

Miss P Jones 
12A Golden Square 
London W1R 3AF. 





Applications are inviicd for ihe above post which becomes vacant on the 1st April. I9S6. The 
salary will be wiihin points 1-10 (£8,I7S-£IIJ6U. 

The successful applicant nnlL hi addition 10 taking Courts daily, be assigned specific admuiKtra- 
li vc duties which will be varied from time to lime. 

The Oxford Conn is computerised, holds 33-10 Courts per week and is in a modern building. 
Assistance will be given wttb removal expenses in appropriate cases. 

Applications in writing, stating age. experience and lbc names and addresses of two referees, 
should be sent to the undersigned by the 28tb March. 1986. 

SJ. Biggin 
Clerk to the Justices 

The Court House. 
P.O. Box 37, 
Speedwell Street 
Oxford. OX! IRZ. 


.7 ■ 1 m 1— "1 ^ i • j 

A major and long established firm in the Qty of 
Salisbury with a substantial titifation practice 
urgently requires a Solicitor to assist with a wide 
variety of litigation work, but with an emphasis 
on criminal and matrimonial matters. 

Recently admitted candidates will be 

Salary dependent on age and experience. 
Minimum £7,500 + car. 

Apply with c.v. to: 

HJL Trethowan 

Collage Chambers, Now Street, Salisbury 
Wilts SP1 2IY. 

Tel: 0722 33S744 


Central London 

Our Clients, a leading wopeny -based commercial practice acting tor some of 
de foremost pnjperty dd’elopmenc companies in the U.K., would like to hear 
from Solicitors with up to 10 yean* experience m commercial propenv. The 
work will include negotiating property transactions, development contracts, 
site acquisitions, in addition to general commercial conveyancing. 

A generous salary and excellent prospects will be offered. 

Pime 5endperamoliieij& Formers. 74 long Lcie, London ECI 

C * ^wru? us on 01-606 9371. i 



r. Q.«tt<ss £S 8 d&a fi 81SB &§ 11 ,.11 8 S s S^-^M » 5* 

Legal Appointment 


Up to £14,025 

The City Council are seeking to implement a 
controlled and effective campaign against inner dty 
problems. In order to achieve their objectives, the 
Council has established a post of Lawyer, to head a 
team operative within the City Secretary & Solicitors 
Department. The successful candidate will be 
required to advise on the formulation of a strategy to 
deal with a wide range of inner city problems 
relating to the environment, planning, highways and 

The above salary includes an additional special 
project payment of approximately £700, the 
continuance of which will be reviewed after a period 
of 2 years. 

Assistance with relocation expenses and 
Temporary housing accommodation available in 
certain circumstances. 

Application form an job description available 
from City Secretary and Solicitors Office, Civic Centre, 
Southampton, or by telephoning Southampton 

Closing date 1st April 1986. 



Your application will be judged solely on its merits 
irrespective of race, mamal status, sex. sexual orientation, 
age, religion or disability. 

An equal opportunity employer 

MIN £14,000++ 


Partnership prospects for young solicitor with 2 
years diverse experience. 

Details 01-499 9274 
Steve Mills (Rec Cons) 



Progressive expanding 
Practice requires: 
Litigation Solicitor 

Conveyancing Solicitor 


Organised & Methodical 
Top Salary depending 
on experience 
Apply: M.J. Spears 
(048 93) 6366 


Greenwoods of 20 Bed- 
ford Sauarc. WC1B 3HL. 
are looking for a softener 
experienced In personal 
iniunes Hilgatton for hi- 
surrrv Please wrile In 
co n fidence to Tom Parlous. 



rcgihrv IHiganon anaiani 

Including «nw advrreary- 
preferaMy wtiti a few yean 
exsenmer bid newty^maHfWd 
co ns idered H good expntenee 
during antchn. £10-000- 

£15-000 m according W age 
and experience Very good 
partnership prospects. 

Telephone Patten Bar 
>07071 56569 


City Solicitors preferably 1-6 
yean ad milled yiughl by Hits 
lop I inn Applicants wtih out of 
London experience considered 
To £30.00:> * pros pens Court 
Aamctaln 01-565 OQS3 




SMiary up to CMOO 

tort tour 

hriirlrv aiWlabte 

Trtephonr Ol 7S1 3727 


Insoliing aB aspect-* of Law. 
Properly and Finance available 
(or commercially oncnialed 
Solicitor For full detail* please 
apply wllh CV to BOX D78. - 
The Times. Virginia SL P O Box 
484 .London El 9DD 

LABOUR LAW Olv Leading 
Practice need Solicitor, pcef 
min 2 years qualified for ton- 
lenlieu* and non -com enTioos 
aspects. £20.000 a a.e + p'ship 
prospects 01-586 0086 Court 

lors. pref newly ro 2 years 
ad mined In Commercial. Pri- 
vate Clients . Litigation and 

General PracUw depta £ highly 
compel OI-SBS 0056 Court 

wnn noiKonleniwiis bias Am 
bUtoua under JO person 
Ini eresled In Sussex £12600 
Wessex Consul Lams 0935 


need well experienced legal rx 
ecu lives, preferably 30-56 lor 
conveyancing and civil linga 
lion work £11.000* Wessex 
Consonants 0455 251 83 

North west London Convey 
anting- civil litigation and 
matrunomal salary lo L12-SOO 
Wessex Consultants 0055 



required Countrywide 
for Solicitors with 
staff emergencies 

01-248 1139 

Short and long term 
assignments for 
Litigation & 


Uxwi Sweatee to Soups 

sotkiior Herts town Him Re- 
rently admitted comWeretL 
Salary k> £13.000 Wessex 
Consultants 0956 26186. 

NORFOLK country town solici- 
tors. Young advocate - Uligalcr 
for devetoping Practice 
£15.000. Wessex GonsunanB 
0985 25183. 

ING including light commensal 
for Wesi Country firm 
£12.500 Wessex Consuflams 
0956 26183 

TRUST, TAX WC2 Pmnqtous 
him Praeihe require Solicitor. 
Ideally I 8 years admitted. 
£17.000 01683 0066 
Court Anoruites- 

YOUNG KENT town firm needs 
special «1 Httgalor under 30. 
General spread Good pros- 
pects £13.500. Wessex 
Consunants 0956 25183. 


lor Cambridge nrm salary lo 
£10 000 Wessex Consultants 
0955 25183 

♦ 2 3 years nofi-eonimuous. 
bus. £12.6000 Accord Person 
nef 0955 815506 
CIVIL LITIGATION /matrimonial 
specialist. Can Midlands. 
£16 000 Wessex Consultants 
0936 25183 

FREE LIST of country vacancies 
at salaries from £7.000 lo 
£25 000 CTiamoen A Partner) 
01406 4371 

lor Devon Town Firm Good 
prospects £i i mo Accord Per- 
sonnel 0935 915606 
TOR, Coventry lo £10.000 
. Aerord Personnel 0935- 
8155 06 

HIGH STREET general practino- 
per lor Middlesex firm 
£12500. Wessex Consultants 
0936 26183. 

Highly regarded medun 
sued practice seeks Com- 
mercial Conveyancer wah 
up lo 3 years post qualifica- 
tion experience. Quality 
workload. £ Highly 

Corporate Tax 
Recently admitted scholar 
recur ea by tta respected 
medium sued practice. 
A.T.IJ. qualifications an ad- 
vantage. Salary c. £18.000. 

Progressive Central London 
practice requites uunip etBnt 
sobotor. wdti up to 2 years 
post qualification experi- 
ence to deal with sumAtmg 
workload. £ Very 

Jgw'Pe rsgnxvel 

Stall specaSsc; to Hie 


95 Alowycn. London WC2B4JT 
Tet 01-242 1281 iN*i n wm 


Adramrd UnaanrtUMl per- 
son with IS years 
exp e rience l e au fred » han- 
dle iiramfy domnuO 
conveyancing. AbUtty to lake 
on same llUgaUon wmdd be 
an advantage but not essen- 
tial. salary according lo 
experience. Send C.V lo;- 

cale lor EitU Brrkrfurr town 
firm. C13 0CQ Wfsnx Consul- 
tolls 0935 26183. 

don firm occassional 
conveyancing. £11500. Wes- 
sex Consunanls 0456 25183. 

YOUNG non-conlemioua sottctlor 
with Cornwall resort town llrm 
la £9.500 Wessex Consultants 
OJ15 26183. 


TAKE TIME OFF lo Parts. Am 
fierdam. Brnwfe. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 

Hago*. Dublin. Rouen. Sou 
lognr A Dieppe Time Off. 2a 
Chester CtOV. London. 6W1X 
7BQ 01-236 8070 
pores l A 2 weeks hotels A 
apart* Pan world Holidays 01 
73d 2562 



MALLORCA Far countryside 
houses, seaside villas or a Farm- 
ttouv hostelry all with poofs 
andawqy from mecrcnnh. call 
Pamela wndtxood Ltd 0244 
81 7023 or 01-688 6722 AST A 
ATOL 127b. 




C irlr CoiFvleiiu. Corfu, 
-r.min Skialhov 
1 Wk limn CIS4D p 

.'Mi linn L22Sn p 
h*»n>- mi.E. rhiM places 
■Vmil l 8 15 22 2« 

M.1V 0.4 IP 

uiiv mu iriMJ vnurvH lo a 

link- mi m summof Driiofli 

ini i. mills viikv. A MudKn 

ll-w- to ■ |I<?I I in IS Ixurfm 

For details 



Anglo Greek toady ofler beautiful 
pri.urr vital, aodm. man; mb 

pools far 

Emr Orpi. 25/3 St 1/4 

Cm* LxUrt ftrpv ZJ* & 29/4 

Tet 01-994 4462/5226 







*5TO*Y. * * HCLBOUM * 

* PERTH * + BnSBAHt * 

* K08MT + * MXIMX * 

* JO are * + SARBCA* 

* MJGXUtf * frWaUNGTM * 

* FU 4 


* SNGWOffi * 

* DU8N 4 


* UP«A * 

* roRwro * 

* l INGRES * 

4 *PTM<WS8Y * 

* + TOKYO * 

* * blANLA * 


* • MW» * 

* * HAHME * 


* * mm * 

* cAReafAN * *s Ftwnsco + 

* USA * USA * USA ♦USA * 
lEu'd IW 

ja South Sl Epsom . Stmt) 
p»72b :-<w.^S30C7ioo/ 
Tdes 2MI 


Trie lowest cost nigtits 

Eiirochccfc Traval 
01-542 4013 
01-543 4227 

Estab 1970 


Atman E-XM (Mm EJ 

Frerami E«B kamf El 

Lagos E340 Jeddah £* 

UoretMi MOO Uncm ?3 

Amman E235 KnL/Sn M 

Bnvan £A«a Kinat g 

Bangkok S3S0 « Ynk g 

ftWM ETM5 Sseut E7. 

Cam £335 Syd/MH £6 

Parens E255 Tokyo £S 

Tet 01-439 3521.18007 


NalrobL JCSurg. Cairo. Du- 
bai. Istanbul. Singapore. K.L. 
Delhi. Bangkok. Hong Kong. 
Sydney. Europe, k The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel. 
3 New Quebec Sl Marble 
Aren London W1H TDD, 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00- 13.00 



return from £629 

SYD/MEL/BRIS ' £655 
AUCKLAND ' £745 
See what the IffiB’QffiENT 
SreOAUST can offer! 

01-242 5555 

W17 New (Word St. London WCl 
BrnKummSyOwy & Mstawns. 


South we« London firm 
£10.000 Wessex Consultants 
0455 25183. 

LEGAL EXECUTIVE with general 
procure Hair for Humes Vally 
nrm. £12.000 Wessex Consul 
tants 0435 2SIB3 

tivtt (or Wru Sunm Firm 
£12.000 Accord Personnel 
0955 815606 

lid 84 85 Wim crtminal mas 
Norwich firm £10.000 Wessex 
Consultants 0935 ZS1B3. 


der 55 lor Thames Valley firm 
salary » £12.500 Wew« Con- 
sul lams 0936 26183 

N Ycric t229 rb-v-g £400 
Lo5Ang£319 £3217 

Sydney EdS 1 ? Bo--.ckos£33y 
Auck . £750 Tcrcntc £234 

130 Jrmyn Street. SW1 
Scheduled Flight* 139 7144 
Budget Flight. 837 7146^ 

Qtsrrs GATE SW7; . 

■u*ed wrth Jtttngra.. 



f ARR.-\R I 


t tor **■ i 

; lo-ooo. ! 

0 g 36 

• uiutvr 

£ 0.000 Wrurt Co 
0936 26183 . 

YOUNG GENE 7 UU. noool 


TimeiwtM. 01-441 till. 

Islands 01 836 4383. ATOL 

CHEAP FLIGHTS worldwide. 
Hoymarket 01-930 1366. 

USA Rxxn £99. Motor travel. OI 
485 9257. 1ATA 

Menorca. Tmertfe. votes. AW 
Pens i o n s Tavernav Holtdays 
and Flights Summer I Winter 
Brochures, bookings only direct 
from. The Specialists- Ventura 
Holidays. Tel 01-250 1355. 



KW17. Pro! n/s. Own 
bed balhrm In fanuty 1st 
dose rune £200 pan or teas H 
weekends away. Ol 673 8853. 

FEMALE 20 seeks own mom in 
snared flat- Waca lo public irans- 
■mm HI area prices CbraUdered 
please phone Jo 01-629 9292 X 
4040 9 ha 5J0 or 01-462 0368 
oner 7 pm. 

surr CAR OWNER, wa tgr CH 
BedMl hi ortvale house. Own 
garage. Bath and wc. use 
kitchen. JETamv Inc. 01-262 

CLAPHAM 3CT, 5 tortus. Prof 
m s- 25 plus o/r. CH_ shore, 
hw. gdn. £-10-00 per wk cxc 
Tef 228 3860 eve. 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Wefleslah mcroduefory service. 
Pise tel for opou 01589 6491. 
313 BrompMn Road. SW3 

MANIA VALE. Prof. f. for law 
room to mansion run 4- «re of 
bathroom and locticii. c.h. £48 
p.w. me: 01-388 2424 x 2121- 

SOUTH WOODFORD pro f. m/f. 
n a. share tax flaL LifiOpcm. 
01-606 78064CS-CSI 989 8396 

W2 OWN LARGE iwm bedroom 
In central lux block. Share spa- 
cious flat wllh females away 
w e ekends. £68 Inc. 229 1667. 

WANTED. Proffestonai female 
lair 20’s seeks house /ftaunare. 
central London. 01-236 0879 
oince hours 

CHELSEA Nr Soane Sd. Lge Rm 
wim sep bath wc. Indep entry. 
C66 pw 01-684 6860 

CHtSWWX prof F. O R. garden 
an. 8 nuns rune. £150 pem 
exd. 01-996 1967 after 6JO. 

FMD-A-FLAT iFW Sharing 
AaencyJ horohownety no fee. 
36 Kings Rd. SW3 01484 8012 

Immed o/r M lux Me 5 gdn. 
£60 pw tort. 01-435 0742. 

W1 serviced laroe hedsaiung 
room. Mondfrl prof pers. prof. 
£270 p«n Inc Ol 935 0292 

WANTED!- Young lady lournalM 
A cal seek orranve. ctmvtwal 
London Bauiiare. 607^763. 

LMERTY IMIGSe I need one each 
tar 1974. 1976 and 1983 {Pris- 
tine condition only). TcL 581 
1266 cxi. *1 office hours. 

WANTED Grand Tour Marts* 
Rums. Texas. Columns etc In 
red and yellow marble. 01-839 

£40 MPUMUM mM for Royal 
OouHon Figures. Doutam Ani- 
mals otto wanted. 01-291 3605. 

WANTED Jap Swords. . daggers, 
finings Private cuUector. TeL 
0227 465600 turn. 




two rewtential courses, conducted through- 
out w French using the Total i mm er si on' 

(A| Be s ku si F raa rt i torse 18 ta 14 April 1— E 
tn Ad m le l N raW i. Inrek mm* 7 ta 18 M 

^ tAl oyrtsps wtdi (B1 wtxch M Bwi hrar n wnk ia i hi ■ 
XF*T uxcassM tanas ol eourM* m OB Wm gi WM . aoonmc 3 Hail 
Frenrt ru n on B ehan ol Die CM Service Cotaga amca 1973 by ttw 
fieneh Oaftarmenr at the umoiq of Loads. 

Puces are avariabm on bon courses. 

pw cmnelw lor w nekxkng meaia S U Kcamonuuoa. to E*00. 
For |BL ESOO. 

All Hoeiwig a m French tore u flheut You wto need I* be abt* to ureter- 
sand French ssc«wn « normal spaed A to read a French iruinirnr 
weh retetiv* ease 

Fortur tof^ntomaUor, abetetoK* 6 oarer htore cgpregw 
Professor Pimp Thody. French OofUfimM fTei Leads 431751 an. 
06611 or Tm Bdnani. Eteector Of Cononwng Educaban (7*1 Leeds 
43M38I. Unversdy ol Leeds. UtatRLSm 1 




requires experienced, non-smoking 
le^l secretary - for busy and 
expanding Chancery Lane practice. 
Modern fully equipped offices. 
Salary aae. Tel: Miss D Power. . 


We tune a demand for Legal Secretaries to work for 
out prestigious clients throughout Central London. 
Excellent rates phis holiday and Bank Holiday pay. . 
1 Legal WP Secs Shorthand arid Audio , id to 
£630 pJi. • ' 

2. Legal Audio/Shorthand Secs, op. to £6.00 pJt. 

For more mfotmatwn about these and other BTterest- 
rng positions, please call Carmel on 01-242 0785. 

'PersoruieC a 

95 Aktiwych. London WC2B4JF Ttt. 01 -242 0785- 
£24 hre.-ar». sennea). 


A foreign company based in Central Africa 
wishes lo employ a Briton who should be qual- 
ified in purchasing raw materials mdudme, 
but not fimited to. cotton yam, steel and agri- 
cultural items. The candidate should have a 
proven record of honesty and demonstrate a 
record -of having worked in a recognised and 
well established organisation. He should also 
hold professional qualifications either in pur- 

and procurement procedures. 
CVs to BOX D90. . : 


■ Residential Lettings . 


As London’s fastest growing letting agents we 
require additional negotiators. If you nave ini- 
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now. Eiperience prefered - car drivers essentiaL 

Pamela Bereiid W-722-710I, 

8 Wellington Road London NW8 - 

mmm S 


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imi be own at how fir very BpeODaed cairaipondanGa tonore MgmoJ 
Of b4 practical Man . Yw are m*d w «M* tar Bn Ire* bnktei tern 

Ik* Ewrerenr of in* Stonol of CHvopMy. 


Ik* N— tte* (PifUMI TH) 

B*lh teted. UtaxteteiMd. BortoMre 3L6 4LA 
Tab m Urnanml |0SW 21100 (2« fare} red (MSB) 32448 . 


SEe BUl5AR l * 

To be established in- the post in good time for' 
the start of the academic year in September - 
1 986. Similar . experience an. advantage ' but. 
applications, from any . person, with broad - 
administrative experience. will be welcome. 
Details from; 


School Secretary - 
Magdalen College School . ' 

Oxford 0X4 1DZ 
Tel: Oxford (QMS) 242191 
Closing Date: 1st April 1986 

we are a major broker or 
aotaidaf services. If you 
are aged 2BH- and comnrer- 
ctauv exsertenred. ocr 
exclusive tndnbw coum 
moakl you Into a respected 
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antstandiiig • eamings- 
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based on * results, win 
orooro you for maoagertel 
raspoostoUty. .AmMOem 
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wu should contact David 
CmwbeH on — ._ • 

01-493 043,. 

eorctulliiiui to *~t irire nor 
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4072. J PMbvk 

ATTHACTlyx. wsHnq TSogtegd 
*pe,<My Wine Bar. 

- Bare* and '2' evenings. Htah 
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■taone Ol «OS 2166 . - 


nrouiredforSt Janws’s Art 
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«« or an worm ns 
tyt»*o essendaL Apply 
Wim C.V. lo Box Dai. The 
Time*. Virginia Street. 
London. “El 900 



H gtulhy subUnUon. EarnkM 

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nUfce. • Cali ■ - Mike 
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* 'Vacancy » ' 
tote tar re person wn»*ttm«r 

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gto tar a jmor, w« r ngca or 


Over 1-4 mOfion of the 
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FRIDAY MotaiK. A.compkle car 
buyers' guide featuring established - 
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Badness to Basreess 
Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc, to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Oreneas Ibid: 
Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruisca. Car hire. UJLThiTtt 
Hotels, Cottages, Holiday Jets. . 


Pen Friend s a newdasstitcatronfor 
young readers to coroactpeoplewiiri 
amfttfmtenstsai home and overseas. 

. NAME_: I' .. •• . .' 

ADDftgg- r ; . ..• : r .. . i ■ ' . 





to initiate 

Sv 'jf 


By Mandarin (MkJuei Phillips) 
. Josh Gifford, whose Findon ~ 
siaWe-was quick to hit form 
after - the freeze-up, looks 
poised to strike two more 
Wows at Fontwell Park today 
with Goodman Point (3 JO' 
and Paddyboro (4.0). Both 
will be ridden by Richard 
Rowe. . * 

Goodman Point, my selec- 
tion -for the Old Stindoniam 
Challenge Cup Novices’ Hur- 
dle, acquitted himself well ai 
Sandown Park last tune oul 
when he finished third behind 
Home County and Fort Ru- 
pert. Considering that be was 
trying to give a stone to the 
winner, who then went on to 
.finish fourth .in the Triumph 
Hurdle ai Cheltenham five 
days later, that performance 
was probably better than it 
looked at the time. J take him 
to confirm his earlier Lingfield 
superiority over Heart, oi 
Stone, even on 61b worse 
terms, ‘ 

Paddyboro missed whal 
looked like a tempting engage- 
ment at Lingfield on Saturday 
to wait for the Certain Justice 
Challenge Cup and I expect 
the decision to be vindicated. 

The winner of three ' races 
already- this season at 
W incanton, Leicester and 

Sandown, Paddyboro is im- 
proving steadily and is just the 
type to win a race like this 
carrying llst«lb. . 

'At Sandown I was im- 
pressed by the way he finished 
up the WD to beat The Rqect 
and Jo Colombo. , Although be 
has never won over today’s 
distance of 2% miles, that 
performance at Sandown indi- 
cated that he was. ready to get 
further than two miies^ espe- 
cially around a track as sharp 
as FontwelL 

• Golden. MinstreL, a third 
fended runner from Gifford’s 
nearby stable, runs in the 
Shndon - College Novices’ 
Chase. Having won on the 
course .already, . be seems 
bound to go weD "again, but in 
this instance I just prefer Mr 
Candy, who acquitted himself 
well behind. Paularim and 
Deviner at Sandown after 
winning a handicap at 
Lingfield by a dozen lengths. 

The Slindon Scholars Long 
Distance Handicap' Hurdle,, 
over 3M miles, looks ideal for 
Toby - Balding’s dour mare, 
Boberash, who-, was far from 
disgraced in the Coral Golden 
Hurdle Final at Cheltenham 
last Wednesday. • 

At Nottingham, Robert 

By The Way, last year's Whitbread Gold Cup winner, who will be a hot favourite for this 
afternoon’s : Trent Handicap Chase at Nottingham 

Eamshaw looks to have good 
prospects of landing a double 
on Macedonian (3.1 5) and By 
The Way (3.45). 

Owned and trained by Tom 
Tate. Tony - and Monica 
Dickinson’s son-in-law, Mac- 
edonian will go well in the 
Welland Novices’ Chase if he 
runs as wen as be did at 
Market Rasen on Boxing Day 
when be scorched home . 

By The Way, the winner of 
the Whitbread Gold Cup last 
spring, can complete a family 
double by winning the Trent 
Handicap Chase tor Monica 
Dickinson. By The Way is 
said to be at bis best when 

Living Fire, is another run- 

ner today from Mrs 
Dickinson’s stable today in 
the Malden Timber (EBF) 
Hurdle qualifier. But I prefer 
both Dryfehead and Easter 
Festival. Well though 
Dryfehead ran at Sandown 
when he was runner-up to 
Dhofar, I still just favour 
Easter Festival at a difference 
of J 01b. 

Easter Festival caught my 
eye at Chepstow when he 
finished fourth behind ; the 
-Irish bot pot, Canute Express. 
Had he not been hampered 
two hurdles out when begin- 
ning his run he would have 
finished a lot closer. 

Easter Festival’s stable com- 
panion. Ena Olley, has a 

chance of winning the first 
division of the Bendigo 
Novices' Hurdle, especially if 
she reproduces her promising 
Chepstow form with 
Woodgaie. but a much better 
bet in my view is Bell Founder 
to win the second division. 

After winning by 10 lengths 
at Lingfield m December 
Gavin Fritcbard-Gordon's 
mare then finished third at 
Ascot. Connections had no 
reason to be disappointed, 
however, because the two that 
beat her were My Dominion 
and Wagoner and they were 
formidible opponents. Her op- 
position this afternoon does 
not look so taxing and she is 
my nap. 


Hill Lad 
given top 

Last Thursday’s Tote 
Cheltenham Gold Cup produced 
an exhilarating finish, but in the 
opinion of the senior Irish 
National Hunt handicapper, 
Captain Louis Magee, it would 
have been even closer for the 
great mare. Dawn Ron. if Jenny 
Pitman bad been able to produce 
Borrongh H31 Lad in peak form 

(Our Irish Racing Correspon- 
dent writes). 

Captain Magee disclosed yes- 
terday that be had given 
Borrongh Hill Lad top weight of 
12st 31b In the Irish Grand 
National which will be run at 
Fairy bonse on Easter Monday. 
He allows Dawn Run 51b and 
this would have~been the precise 
weight differential between the 
pair if Borrongh Hill Lad had 
been able to take his chance. 

Two of Dawn Ron’s victims. 
Combs Ditch and Ron Ami 
Skip, come next in the Handi- 
cap, 21b below the mare. 

The 1986 Irish Flat season 
started off with a photo finish 
and a stewards' inquiry, bnt 
happily for backers of the 
favourite. Keen Cut, both mat- 
ters went his way. Harry Quinn 
showed plenty of speed, bnt 
started to hang in as Keen Cut 
made his run along the rail. In 
the last 50yd$ Keen Cut ducked 
away from the raff, glancing off 
Harry Quinn before going on to 
win by a head. Having seen the 
film the stewrards decided that 
the blame could be equally 
shared between the two colts. 

There was no need of the 
photo-finish camera to deter- 
mine the ontcome of the 
Warmlife Race. Weight In Child, 
the favourite, set off in front and 
went right away from her field to 
beat Bushy Belle and Head in 
West by 10 lengths. 

Plumpton results 

Ootee Good to soft 


tan. NFt 


i (2m CM 1, _ 

12-1); Z Martredw (16-ffc & 

I Gent HIM. Pftj»r at Lewes. 

TMk E13B0; EZ20. B430, £1 JO. Dfi 

SSSlOO. CSF: £184.85- 
£45 (2m bdia) 1, I Bin Zatdson (M 

Pitman: 4-7 fwfc £ Namods 3. 

Rum's Cestiegtf-l). 17 tun. NR: Widgqiy 
noyau*, a. H Mre J Pttnmn at Upper 
OF: £10.70. CSR E13J9. 

Mrs J Campbell arPtuddey. To* £1.40; 
£120. 0.90. E1.50. OF: £640. CSR 


MS (2m Mtyl.TinoeDjUtas PFfitch- 
Heyes, S-lfc 2. Ranting Purl (7-2): £ 
Sofer Temptress. fieJdaof France 7-4tev. 

19 ran. NR: Mebieann. 11. 20L J FBtch- 

Heyss St Lewes. Toss: £1440; £3.40. 

£120. £29.10. DF: £13140. CSR £4121 

>1. Foyle F is her ma n (S 
MDed (100-30 to*); 

4.IG On 411 

Smith Cedes, 5-1); Z MI .. 

a Mr Kn (3-2*. 14 nan. 1L ». J JanWns at 
Epsom. Tots: £4.10 £1 JO^EI 20 22-70 
DR £5.00. CSF: £2224. Trtcast £705S. 

445 (2m ch) 1. Saver AcwjMr 
11-8 fsv): 2. Rostra (5-1): 3, "ms I 
(20-1); 4. Bright Morning (4 ^ 

15L M Pipe at Wettomoo. fats; £220; 
£120. £130, £4JM. £120 OR £440 
CSR £059. Tricast £8330 




iik. 0 Snenwwd at 
Tote: £9-70 £220, 
£1220 CSF: £4029. 


anee Ambler 
Sneiwaod at 

Upper Lambomn. 
SZ90, £140 OR 


4t hdto) IJonpUi (G landau. 
7-1); 2,'Tarconey (2-1- lav): S. Qufentnro 
(9-1). 13 nut. & 71. S Mehrat Umboura 
Tote : £520; E1SQ: £1.10 ELM* 
£5-30. CSF: £2029. 

32 (3m It ch) 1. Fei Cfcnto (K 
12-1); Z Prince Bai (4-1); 3, Jon I 
H Fifty Bucks (8-11 too 9ran V 
Bafley el Ameabury. Tome CI 7.00E230 
El 20, £420 OR £3220 C&R £52.77. 

320 (2m 4f Ch) T, Sr KMWto “ 
Armytage. Mj: Z Megabit T 
Brother Geoflray (9-2 
Charfia (9-2 jt-tav). .14 ran. MR Lantfing 
Board. HW. hd. RArmymne at BsMv. 

TOW £070: £Z10 £*40. ft* Oft 
£128.30 CSF: E124.8Z Tricest £8.37-47. 

00 (3m If ch) 1. StsBty (Mr S DcMn. 


* 10L Mrs C Brady it Oaken. Tote: 

it a 

ran. 2% . .. - 

£4320 £720. £2.80 

C-S-F: £33325. 

420(3ro If ch) 1. wane « item 
11-4 p4a$ Z Jymario .(n-8 JFhw): 
MuKlow ni£l). 9 rmrn 15J, BPrejce 
TeftorO Vow £340 £220 d-20. £3.10. 

OF: £420 GSRZHL29L _ _ 

5.0 (2m 4 MnM 1. BallWMdBnd (D 
Dutton. 10-1): Z Lord 

DR £20520. 

£2420. CSF: £4320 Tncatt T250J55. 


91. I - 


' i 

£177.18. TWCAST; 

?e7^l or 



£10320. C&F: 


Ptacepot £290.40. 


tlf $mhd)a) i. «nd Bn. p.Gairity. 

M tav»: Z Dr Gu»MW (8-1* Z Vg*J»p 
110-1). 17 ran. NR: wnetA P op*- a im 
M H Eas&ty at Groat )taWfL Tot* 
£420; £120 £1.10. EZIOJgJtt DF: 
£720 CSF: £21 28. Tricast £15g- 5Z. 

245 (2m 4f ch) 1. Ebo a a w 65 Hartor. 
6-1 L Z Oomoche Strewn (14-1 
Gowan House (H-2V 
tov). 7 ran. NR: Mamcas Br“ 1 
Girl 2ML 154L B W«wispn 
ToW &3ft £120 £320. DF: £1010. 

CS.F.E8321. _ 

3.18 am note) i. nan 7I» 

Ewnshaw. 7-4 WO Zfiw BtackSack ng; 
It Z Jay EBe Thaw (33-1). I7j » MB: 

£250 £120. £220 £1940. OR £720. 
CSF; £25.10. 

I - 4’ a 

? v • » ‘ 


Ockmson at HsswMd. TW*c 
£120. £120 £060 DR £320. CS.F. 

£1.90 £32024.70 DR £12020 C8J=. 


445 (2m 4f MW 1 . Jack Of 0 

Eamshaw. 12-1); Z Slave King (20->F Z 
Captain Cunan (4-1). LocyMt 

ran. 6L nk. B McLean » 

£10.90 £2.30 £4 40. £2-90. OF. 
E280.90.“s!f: £213 89. Tricasi 

Dickinson in 
double form 

^ Monica Dickinson, the 
Harewood trainer, sent two 
nmneo to Newcastle yesterdav - 
Dan The MDar and Hoprffll 
Mission - and landed a double 
afters blank Cheftroham- 
Dan The Milbr. well backed 
from 5-2 down to 7-4 slammed 
The Black Sack by eight lenglhs 
in the Marts Bank Novices 

Mrs Muriel Hagg3& the 
wn«r. said: “i will tty one more 
handicap hurdle with hbn then 
he win go chasing next s«h«»- 
Hopeful Mission, 13-8 
frvourile. owned by Mrs 
Hams’s son Richard, had made 
more of a struggle to get bpme 
by just half a length fro™ 
Danish Flight in a qualifier for 
the Malden Timber Novices ; 


Going: good to firm, chase coursa; good, hurdtes 


2m)(25 nmnen) 

l(J EM) KCBaBw 6-11-10 — Ur TThoraon Jaw 
)OBrwnm 7-11-10 

3.15 WELLAND NOVICE CHASE (£1^45:3m) (15) 

3 40-3210 MACEDONUN 

NUN (D)(MreT Tate) T P Tats 6-11-13 R Eamshaw 

i MS H Harris) PW Harris 11-11-6 RStronn 

MBiXJYfMraMrarneB) Mrs MRmal 7-114 Mr M Price m 

ID OP-0022 COOHTHY AOa<T (J WSOnson) J 8-11-6 

11 0022? DSP SOUTH W Shina) J GFSzGsraU 7-11-6 

17 PriMfO UOLLVSPAia«(MraP Harris) PW Hama 6-11-6 

■ 04-0300 CHBnril 














2310B KOUtoSS 
0-1 UVMGFKfl 

Smith) Mre J Ptemn 5-11-10 

(Lady McGrenn) T A Rnlar 5-1 1-5 . 

Tarn F T Winter 6-11-5. 



Mrs M Dlckln9on7-11-5. 

E A Boti Lad) O Shorwood 8-11-5 _ 


MScuMmcra 6-11-0 

M Pitman 
H Darias 

21 11-F340 NOAM WOOO] 

23 ammo randomly! 


26 031/202 SAMDAlil 

27 12011/F- SANDHOORl 


R A Parians 8-11-0.- 
BJ Curlay 7-11-6_ 
.CJM 7-11-6 

m) ROmSot 7-11-6 

(Mra K Judge) JW Payne 8-11 ■«- 

IT Ms S Lae) G F Lae 9-11-6 

TROOP THE COLOUR (M Deetey) D Nfchotecn 6-11-fl 

M Dywer 

JJ O'Nail 


__ S Stwwood 
: — S Johnson 
. P Scudamore 

37 OUFOm SCOTOtPRMCSSlMraJa^^RpChuggO-ll-l 

38 0/004PD WOLD SONS (I Mason) Mrs l 

1 10 - 11 - 1 .. 

J Harris 
— P Scudamore 

P Nictate 


4 . EMPIRE W AY (A Ho 

DMchotan 5-11-IL 

NDPantiig 6-11-0. 



OP jockserismBI 

POOF- PWBOPCT HOAD (AfaiJ PManQ K A W om 7-1 1-0 
004 RABBLMQWim<PDeaBPWHams5-aB^H 


Hl-AME (Mrs STsintan) l 

iLmwther) J Webbar 6-11-0. 





Moom&C(4APJarvb5-11-0 T Jarvis (4) 

DRBnmnhMl-a : MBamd 

W Charles 5-1 «) GMcCourt 

I Dunwoody 



5-2 SamdaWnci.7-2DeM> South. 11-2 Mayamcor, 6-1 Country AganL 10-1 Moan Wood. 
12-1 Randomly. ThiOpTlM Colour, Sandmoor Court 16-1 CMny MMody.20-1 others. 

3.45 TRENT HANDICAP CHASE (E3^3m 4f) (5) 

WAY Wra C Feather) Mre M Ockhson 8-11-7 _ 

I CASTLE (C Hafcflny) RC Airnytage 12-10-0 ~ 
SLAVE(BHe»yer)TA Fbretar 9-160 

) Mrs C CUric 9-10-0. 

R Eamshaw 
__ B Powet 
R Dunwoody 

Mr R Moms 

THE CAPOFAMttJA (Mrs B CurM B J Cufay 6-11-0 J 

THE SUMOEN ROAD JXfesP Harris) P W Karris S-1 1-0 JB 
WOOOtANPBHADOW (J Majntforfl) Its M jjjwi 6-11-0- 
VIM) MreM ?■■■■■■ 



— R Strange 

o-o cancnjORAi 


P-P NOTHMQ HARPEMED (BCbric) Mra M Thomas 5-104-^. 
8 SEA COUNTESS (GShnQ Mrs J PttmanS-1 06. 

Thomas 5-10-9- 

JWttbbar 5-109. 

.G Msmagh 


. BdaHsan 

3-J Tm^Star. 7-2 LMng Fire, 4-1 DiyMiiiad.6-1 Kouros. 7-1 Tenzing, 8-1 ConaGton. 12- 
saar Fesaval, 14-ToBiam. • 

2 B11-1F4 BY THE WAY ( 

9 430304 MAHTONCAS 
10 312/031 CSLT1C SLAVE! 



2-5 By Tha Way, 5-1 CaMc Stoma. Mantou Caatta. 25-1 Atabaraa. 50-1 Pretty Lass. 

415 SOAR HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,5743ra 4f) (25) 


3 100-000 MEHDA LEAK(W 

4 3POP01 MttlBmnmtJ Brooks) MCPtoa 7-11-2.. 

5 211113- THREE SHMEU(GBood«iMd)CPBrimr 10-10-13 BStomy 

6 02306/P MASTER AlOffiW (Queen Mother) R Champion 11-10-11 HDnwes 

i D Cousins) J R Janldns T 0-11-7., 
lPifcB)WPnca 9-11-4. 

; Nottingham selections .. .. 

„ - - By Mandarin 

1A5 EastCT pestivaLZlSJack Of All Trades. 2.45-Ena 
Macedonian. '3.45 By The Way. 4.15 Mendakak 4:45 
FOUNDER (nap). ' 

. By Michael Seely 
2.15 Jack Of AD Trades. • 


APnca (7) 

I Comal 6-10-9., 

221-444 LESARTHOIS(B)(T Raggett) Mrs SDarenpon 9-104 

VM EVANS PF) (BSSam 4 B V Shepherd) Mrs J Pitman 

20-442F KEVW EVANS ( 

210200 PWNCeS IXtlVE^(BJ4anrorifl) B Pidfing B-10-5 . 

014000 TMStJN K Oarice) M McCovI S-106 

AMBBMBJ. (Mm P Bevan) PJ Ba«m 10-10-1 . 


1130 ZStCONTS SUM (Dorothea 

7-10-7M Pitman 

C Evans (7) 

G McCont 


t |C PtAey Ltd) O Sherwood 6-1 00. 
Wt MOLE (MTS 5 GB) Mrs SGB 11-100.. 

DMcMUon 7-100. 
M Ofivar 8-100- 

nws PSty] Mre PSy 7-100 
i| P J Bewt 5-100- 

Z15 DERWENT FOXHUNTERS CHASE (amateurs£68(k2m 6f) (17) 

• V 222111^ JACK OF ALLYHADE* (J DaWnoM) JSDaUhcokaTD-120-^__™_: — - 

2- 121F- TEALSYLMIM Jonas) A E Jonas T t-T 20 JWrmhaim 

3 .111312- YDOGHALU GreantffW A SMohansoo 10-120 JQraeradffi 

.4 2UIP- CASTUffi-at-THE-ABi (D Lylasf b B Lyles 8-12-4_ S Andrews 

6 0220P3 OAMBLMG PRMKOn [Mrs G Joneri Mre G Jonas 13-12-4 — N Jones Q 

7 P142FP ORATWCATTOM (BF) (C Brooks) FTWkw 9-1 2-4 C Brooks (7) 

8 0SZ21U KMG SPRUCE (Or R Camar) R Champion 12-12-4 : MreJCamsr 

9 1/4000P-' ABBRWWTBtte WreggjR Artrt(kis9-120 : G Wragg (7) 

10 10D400- ANOTiSR DUNE (PDansJP Davis 13-120 IteTOsMsP) 

BEACOttTME [FMarttwd) D McCain 12-120 — 


20 : r . 

21 00/0024 XWNEAHY (Mrs G 

22 0-44230 FREE CHOKE (Mrs M 

27 0034/40 CRGWLAND 

28 441000 T1PO STYLE (D Bta! 



32 P/403-00 SAXON ACE 

34 P-FB800 

35 4FUFD0 KOVAL REVtMQE(J Parish) J J ScaRsn 7-100 

36 40/03PF RAJHBAB(P Terry) Mrs BWamg 9-100 

37 00000/0 MAY SIGN (REvans) A HBnsbounut 7-100 

1 MrS Woods (7) 
— S Sherwood 
Mr L Harvey (7) 
_ P Scudamore 

M Bastard 

IM Stovera) Kfrs P Stewms 6-100 — D Doran (4) 

FOXES (W Twiston Daves|N TwonvDavtas 13-100 — 


R A Parkins 6-100. 


George Kregnt 
. MBfaboume 

11 MOOPO- 

12 44/614-4 

BEAMWAM (DNaykrUytand) 0 Sherwood 

U 3F403P anrat DOtPHW (R BaMy) R E BaBw 12-120. 

»HG(G Lyons) G Lyons 10-12-0. 

6-1200 Haytor-ieytmri (7) 

sM Ashton 12-120. 

M Ashton 0 
_ P Dukes (7) 

14 0P/B214- NNOBWGI 


17 2 4 4/ P PP- PAmYRA-COUBT flAreB Dukas) Mre B Dukas 10-120- 

22 40tVPTO- OAME TRUST (□)(UNastgCW-Nash 10-11-13 : — 

23 23RXP/ ARAQEH{CWete)C A Web 10-110- MWMs{7) 

' IMYoughaLTOO-SO Mlflatton. 4-1 Jack 01 AI Ttades;6-1 Beanwwn. 6-1 TeatryLad, 

10-1 ISbg Spruce. 12-1 CesPw-kvThe-Air. 16-1 Ganttng Prince. 20-1 othere. 

Z4S BENDIGO NOVICE HURDLE (Div 1dBares£6852m Bf) (14) 

BALLYCURAN LASS [Mre M Jackson) MOCvar 8-11-5 JD Doyle (4) 

BROX TREASURE AMng Comdr P Sreadt J G FitzGerald 7-110 — M Dywer 

4P0040 DARHNGTON DEAL (DScotflCParirer 5-1 1-6 STurrar(7) 

HYABRANDY (Mre S lie) G? Lee 7-11 -5 J Harris 

MFBO JANETS DBJOHT(W Moss) T Hid 5-11-5 R Crank 

4 XOBEYBAY(J Heaton) Mrs S Okrer 7-1 1-5 KDootsn 

7-2 Kevin Evans. OOMtatar Pitt, 6-1 Prtnco'o Drive, 8-1 Zircon's Sun, 10-1 La Sanhok, 12-1 
Duwany, 14-1 Three Shmars. 16-1 Timsun. Free Ctxsce, Royal Harbour, 20-1 others. 

4.45 BENDIGO NOVICE HURDLE (Div 2: Mares£6852m 6t) (20) 

13 BELLFOUfK0m(AJessamGPnidwd-Gomon 6-11-12 SSmtthEcdes 
20112 IOLCHAGBtt.(BF}(MP4M) MC Pipe 4-11-10 

46 AUTHORNE Mrs G FOBM) K C BUey 5-1 1-5 BPowM 

0300 ASTRAL LADY [USA)(Mis CDoak) Mrs C Dook 5-11-5. 

0 BALLY AKWAGH (Mrs P Shr) Ms P Sty 5-1 1-5 

5 403PWP- 
5 04OFD 









BAr (J 

■ 300 MRS FOLEY tel 

00006 PENNY FALLS (ODook)SRBowrinq 7-1 1-6-^ 

II A mill |ll it i ii I Mr if Anik ii 1 1 II II i 


FDO-flOU RUE-THE43AY (Owry Tree StaMes) ST Harris 7-11 -5_ 


0034 EHA OLLEY [A J T 

rCCtsrk 7-11-5 . 

Ire S SunortK C BaUey 6-11-6 . 

) H OolS 4-10- TO 

/ Ltd) D R Bnrorth 4-10-10. 

- R Dunwoody 


MrS Andrews 

& Johnson 




C Brown 

HUSH IRNT (G Johnson) J A Edwards 8-11-5 
LADY ORYX (Mrs K Greed) JCDGgrsve 6-1 1-5 
LE MARSH (R Steward) J J ScaBan 9-11-5 — 
MOO LITTLE MYNDff Pearson) G H Jones 7-11-6 

300 LOBLOLLY IE rtoch) Mrs A Finch 6-1 1-5 

UU0000 MNMESDWPBI(H Spicer) RCSpioar 5-1 1-5 


Mrs B Dukes 7-114 . 

, 5- 

Pany) LG Parry 6-11-6. 

OOOOP SHAKRA GROVE (MLdeylJL Spearing 5-11-5. 

1100 TAYLORS RENOVATION U ROBS) L Lmritbrown 4-11-3 . 
300 SAUCY SPHTTE (R Nonon) A P Jams 4-10-10 

FP- RAGESCA (Mrs B Dukas) Mrs B Dukes 7-T14 
M RBI BANONE55 (M Hurdto) P J Bevan 6-1 T-6 
1060 SAVOLEYRS (Dr L Parry) L G Parry 6-11-5 _ 


_ T Jams 

5-2 Bel Founder, IMKBcna GW. 6-1 LobUy. 8-1 Taytora Renovation. 10-1 Saucy Sprite, 
Aorsi Lady. i*-l AHtome, 16-1 others. 

9-4 Ena Ofcy. 7-3 Bros Treasure, M DNrington Deal 5-1 Kofaey Boy. 8-1 Mrs Way, 12-1 
The BearvGooie. 16-1 otriare. 

• Chris Grant returns to raring at Kelso tomorrow after nine weeks 
on the sidelines- Grant, aged 29, stable jockey to the Bishop Auck- 
land trainer, Denys Smith, tore ligaments in his left leg in a fall from 
Unscrupulous Judge at Newcastle on January 1 1- He had ridden 32 
winners before his injury. 


CtoiiigigMd . 

2JJ CHARLTON HUNTER CHASE (nutBura£1 l 266: 2m 4f) (15 

1 1- GENERAL raCHANT (GTata) G M Tata 6-12-11 — — — 

2 ANTAHCTICqrMrs D Naytor-Leytonfi Mre N-Lsytond 8-184 — M Felton (7) 

4 400030- CW18PHJS siYBR pesa D ttessw} Miss D Downes 7-124 — EWhattam 

5 3310/ CERTAIN UGHT(MS A Campbe*) Mrs A Camptefi 8-12-4 — PHackkigm 

DEEP POCXET UCra) J C C« 7-12-4 : JCox{7) 

HUH CLASS A&HT pJSA) (M Qucriec) M R Churches ^ Mac&van (7) 

t" vSEm- RTOALEXP«8a(MSS Mre Gre3wd 6-124 ~_ — 

13 3- SOUTHBtHPRBCEM Hodge) H B Hodge 7-JM 

14 0- TABOWfflUjMB M ShaytafMre Shajler ^12-4 

15 323P00- TTUCICY BUStl«SS ffi BrafKl G Evans 0 -12-4 

16 PWO- WfUMBfS M83AS Wii^^& W Vijctaw* 7-15 

18 0/4-P ROMACBtAf) Mooney) JT Mooney 6-ll-tS_ 

MrsC EBottj 

- 6-4 GenerM Merchant 4-1 High Clasc Agent, Sooftera Prince. 7-1 CatbSMd Ryw. 10-1 
Carerin LigM. 14-1 Tricky Btokwa, 20-1 otters. 

Fontwell Park selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 General Merchant. 2.30 Fooella. 3.0 Mr Candy. 3.30 Goodman 
Point 4,0 Paddyboro. 430 Boherash. 

By Michael Seely 
130 MR GRAPEFRUIT (nap). 4.0 Paddyboro. - 



324310 TASHQIff AjA Foraks) J 

& LamtaD p _■ * Goman 

416340 WAflaORUNOE ^ 

000 RRI 

, PCunMO 10-10. 

Voorspuy 10-7 


) WMuseon ID-5 „ 

flARDaRson 104. 

Amsm 104 , 

A Gorman 
H Jenkins 
R Rowel 
- CGrey 

036 TANAHSTfR Vborapud 
P6002P Q0LDB4 JUNE — - 

80PPP ffSBC T 

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. Qua Herwman (7) 
— RPvsey 


i Fpp PAOUT » LAV (MiK u rmai* ^ • 

M Powii. 10040 Hweywfc W *** « Happy Cash. B-l Tan* Mkt IM 
T»WI& Unde. 16-lSws. 

TaaBooya.vHmwww, ■ 

10 SUNDON COLLEGE NOVICE CHASE (£1334: 3m 2f 110yd) (tl) 

• *-««» OOLflOi M1N8TT®.(C^J5(V« Gate) J Gtttom 7-11 EMurphy(4) 

B HR CANDY (A Moore) A Moora 7-11^ 


£1,770: 2m 2f) (14) 

2 0061PP EOUBVED FOR DUTYJUSA)(B) (8 Feam)P Butler 11-2 C Warren (7) 

3 DM OOOFATISrS <SFT (BF) (Mrs J Osborne) J R Jenkins 11-2 i_ — 

4 10303 GOODHANPCMT (USA) (pDunsdonJJ T GUM 11-2 E Murphy (4) 

7 410 TAX1ADS (Siux U K Lto) N J Henderson 11-2 J White 

9 00 BQARD*AJ«VEimjR£ (P Howw) 0 Stwnvood 10-10 ™__CC(W(4) 

10 0 CASTl£ POOCWfeaHAdak) DR Gandoto 10-10 — 

13 3 HEART OF STOVE (USA) (M Morrison) R Akefturet 10-10 — 

15 01 MHERff ® Saunderto A Mows 1 1-2 l*ssCMoore(7) 

17 4200P KUWAIT WEATHBt (A King) Mre N Smto 10-10 — 

19 308 HAW STAR (JWooimriSL Dow 10-10 RMcGhm 

21 00 RUSTY LAW (UBafeMC Banks 10-10 — 

27 OP aGUBICH0R4fm(RGijreier)JB Sayers 10-10 PDaubte 

32 P MOORLAND LADY (P Curley) G G Gracey 10-5 — 

33 FOOD TANTE MARIA (Us M Brubaker) D R Gandodo 1D5— .. MRkJHrta 
11-4 Heart o! Siana. 7-2 inheriL 92 Goodman PdnL 6-1 Godlatoers Gift 8-1 Tasdads. 

4.0 ‘CERTAIN JUSTICE* HANDICAP CHASE (£2,716: 2m 2f) (13) 

1 1 0P/400 DDLS WINTERS (SheHtAi Abu KhemskON A GasdealO-12-2-— ___ — 

2 1RJ3P-P BBINYTS BOT (CTOMNoiafl) A Moore 13-11-12. J Akehuret 

3 U2P300 JUST FOR TIC CRACK (G Wire) K C Batey B-11-12 A Webb 

4 14-243F FBED«IL«MB IP Ntxman)XBehop 11-11-11 P Rcharaa 

5 40-0F2D fflEIGOT FOWMDB) (Bnnanfc Siwotng) A J Pitt 12J1-9 — 

6 >42121 PADDYBORO (Exorsol late Mrs FTyrwnrtt-Draka)JTG4ton1 , 

8-11-6 E Murphy (4] 

7 11-4P4P DONTTDUCH HMB(R Short) GG Gracey 12-11-3 — C Cox W 

11 32-3433 BAYHAM SR VARDOH (C-D) (G &anam)Gfl Graham 12-10-5 RRowaB 

12 F002RI TEN BEARS (rtKMH (Ar Cdre C Kuredarj T M Jonas 10-105 C Warren (7) 

13 241 -OOP ICYHERBRSK(U Vtoare) DR GandOttoS-IDS M Rtthards 

16 B-P24U2 CHESUN (J BoBod: S woodman MM — — 

19 Mtun BALLHIA (KZl^O) (Mrs M Jackson) □ M Grissa* 8-10-0 PDouM 

23 OPOPPP GRANTS CiriTLE (N Lee-Judton) N Lee-Jwfcon 7-1 CH) — 

7-4 Paddyboro. 10040 Freight Forwarder. 9-2 Rm Dr*. 7-1 Cresun. 6-1 Baama. 


2 003300 BONERAS H QH (HMcCafllGB Balding 6-11-7 — 

3 F4J33T0 MCNTY Simp WTANL-Jodson 6-11-3 — — 

4 341004 SHQEMENOEflfP Rwftfflll PR Rottod 9-11-2— CGray 

5 00-0201 PARTY MSS (B Cores) WEFtehtf 11-1 1-2 (lOtiem-.. T Gibson (7) 

6 fMBiPf STRAIMr UP (A AyleH) A R Aytett 10-11-0. ... G Jones 

7 0P1-200 FOLKLAMD (W Yecrnans) D W ArbuOmot 5-10-2 EMurphy(4) 

10 ®T1 0-0 HAND M6 DOWN (Mrs E Tucker] RJ Hodges 9-10-10 — S Earle (4) 

12 W4D04 80UTHDOWN SPHY (Mrs J WsittilBJlfeo 10-104 — RRowei 

14- Mtssa WAR AND PEACE (C) (M Hamaw] ft P Hoad 7-10-7 .. MHasd(7] 

15 000334 ZR>AHB(P Wrldht) N L-Judson 6-104 — — 

IB 063/034 BORSALLEAP (Mrs DSatnolGGGracay 6-104 .... — 

17 OMOP4 BOYNE 8AUWN«(T Duke) M m IB owar fr-IM RAmcnw 

IB 112DW P O HAQ I IMtffWEP fed] Miaa l Bower 9-104 G Landau 0 

208R2B14 WMSOH BOND Pteel Plate) P D Curtdel B-10-1 MrSComayp) 

21 OfniM UPMAMJmvp Brtikworti) D R Gandoto 7-10-1 MRichards 

24 010/44P SAUCY OAHCER (C-D) (Mrs A Waon) Moe B Siriflars 

12-104 Mas B Sanders 

25 4F4000 BARNABV BUDGE (Pyte Broti R Sbnpsun B- 104 CCsx(4) 

26 30000-4 RRM CONVICTION (Wss L Womnoott) Mrs J Wonraco# 


• 27 040020 CAICCOnAGEtMMH Mstrri NR Mddal 8-104 N Coleman 

26 043P-PP StOSXELTER (Mrs TEenter] C P Wridmen 3-1 04 W Knox (4) 

30 000000 TESTING TBM5 (U8A)(C] (Mas S WaSsman) Mas S Waterman 

B-1Q4 Mb« 5 Waterman 

31 OO00P4 BACKPACXHI (Mrs L Osy) T Clay 6-104 J Love>oy 

4-1 BohareelL 94 FOBdand. 11-2 Hand Ma Down. Rarty Mbs. 6-1 Mi 

Kaiy, 12-1 Wmsor Bond. Southdww Sprnt 16-1 Dwaghmi^ne. 20-1 

11-11-3 MissGAmwtaga(7)- 
Q Landau (7) 

Today’s course specialists 

“35 SgggESi ‘^SSetlSiMs: 

— A Wane 

, Mftehams 

13 00S-2PP WVMNG CLOYBt (W Logan) RE£ksney6-104 — — m nuHiia 

2-1 Bmwn VeS. 3-1 dfr Candy, 4-1 GoMan UKtftt 6-1 AsMona. 10-1 Tl» Joesttv W-1 
HmTConvctwLjD-l otnere. 


TRADERS: S wonknan. 19 winners from 
92 nsmars, 20.7%. j Jankms. 25 from 
138. 1&1%.DAWBun.6trorTi%.167<t> 

J0CKEY8-P Double, 11 wtoriWS from 79 
rides. T3 jB%. A Webb. 8 ton 58. 13J% 


TRADERS' Mre M DttWnson. 20 vrirews 
ham 38 runnnrs. 52 5%. F Wnw 7 ham 
17 414%, N Henoerson. 10 ham 46 

JOCKEYS' R Eamshaw 7 wemere ton 
22 rices, 31 8%. S Smith Betts 14 Rom 
57 24 6V 


7B0 unless stated 


First division 

Shelf Wed v Leicester 

Second division 

Blackburn v Brighton 
Carlisle v Huddersfield 
-Crystal Pal v Stoke 
Middlesbrough v Shaft Utd 
MJDwall v Fulham 

Third division 
Bournemouth v Bolton 
Chesterfield v Plymouth 
Dartngton v Newport 
Gillingham v Brantford 
Walsall v Bristol R 
Wigan v York 
Wolves v Bury 

Fourth division 
Crewe v Tranmere 
Orient v Torquay 
Port Vale v Aldershot 
Preston v Cambridge 
Rochdale v Burnley 
Scunthorpe v Northampton 
Scottish premier division 

Motherwefi v Hibernian 

Scottish first division 

Brechin v Montrose 

Scottish second division 
Cowdenbeath v Albion 
East Staling v Berwick 
Meadowbank v Dunfermline 
Stenhsmuir v Arbroath 
St Johnstone v Stirling 

GOLA LEAGUE Stafford v Dagenham, 
B edwortti v Folkestone: Witney v Crawley. 
Midland dMakm: Banbwy v Moor Green; 
Oldbury v Bromsgrovu; Reddhch v Sutton 
CoMMd. Sout ha m dhitoien: Burnham 
and KMngoon v Andover; Enttt and 
Belvedere v Cantartwry; Hastings 
Dorcnesier; Thanet v Tonbridge: 
WoterioavBe v Cambridge City; Woodford 
v Ashford. 

vWon: Btohop's Storriora v Sttugn (7A5); 

man; Famborough v 
Wo*dnghnrn- Woithmg 
iwofl. That dMskMt: 

Honoon: Harrow v 
v Ensom and EweB 
Baaloon v Lowas: Chasham v Bcnniay: 
FtncMey v Homchwch; Greys v St Atoans; 
Hampton v Wembley: Hanow v Oxford 
City: Leatherhead v TBbwy; Leylon- 
Wingate v Leytonsione/IWord; Staines v 
Boreham Wood. Second ifivWon norttr 
Chaifont St Peter v Heybridge Swifts; 
Cheshunt v Harehekt Capton v Ware; 
Hemel Hempstead v Trirvr Royston v 
Hertford; Saffron Walden v Hareigey 
Second dhiWan voudr Brscknee v 
v Fettham (7.451 
Metropolitan Police v Petareflekl. 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: Fferret dtetekm: Man- 
chester Cky v Newcastle (S45). Second 
dMakw Blackpool v Bradford City (7.0); 
Burnley v Rotherham (7.0 % Coventfy v 
Preston (7.0); Notts County v Stoke (74); 
Oldham v Doncaster (7.0): Sunderland v 

Reading (24): PortEmauth v Chariton 
(7.0); Swindon 
TOtMnham v Crystal Pwaoa 

Yeovil v Bristol City reserves. 

Gorieston v Thetford; HarwWi and 
Perkeston v Colchester reserves: New- 
market v Fefcatowa: Sonem v March; 
Tiptree v HavarhkL 

LEAGUE Premier division: BaJdocfc v S 
and L Corby; Buckmgham v St Neots: 
RotfnvaU v Puton: Stamford v Eynesbuy; 
StottokJ v Nortwimton Spencer. 

mier rfivWon: Chard v Exmouth (7.45): 
Clevedon v Chippenham (7.J6): Pauiton v 

mier division; Fleet v Chert&ey. Keith 
Forbes Memorial Cine Camberiey v Asn. 


IIOWNMti* WO*n> 


LEAGUE: First 

■ inter- 
England (at Mertnyr 



CLUB MATCHES: Bath v Exeter Untver- 
(715); No n H amp to n v Metropolitan 


FIRST DIVISION: Dewsbury v Wigan. 


BASKETBALL' British Masters Trophy: 
Second e Hm O iafi on round Portsmouth 
FC v Hemei and Watford Royals (8.0). 
BOWLS: Men Prudential cnamoionship 
(at Hartiepooi): Women: British Isles 
champkxrahip (at DarimgtanL 

Avta women's foursomes (a 1 
Berkshire GG). 

iY: MUton Keynes v Rye House. 


Date for Cram 

Sieve Cram will make his first 
appearance of ihe season m the 
McVme's City Centre road race 
in Newcastle on March 26 Last 
war Cram came sixth in the 
5.000-metre race, which was 
won in a thrilling finish b> Dave 
Lewis This year then? will also 
be a women’s mile for the first 

Blow for Stainrod 

Simon Slain rod. ihe Aston 
Villa forward, will miss the last 
seven weeks of the season 
SmmrtxL who was signed from 
Sheffield Wednesday for 
£350.000 in September Deeds 
an ankle, operation 


Fitting honour for 
Deans to lead 
Lions against world 

By David Hands Rugby Correspondent 

would be invidious to award the 

Colin Deans, the man in the 
shadows when the Britain Lions 
toured New Zealand in 1983. 
wii] conclude his successful 
season as Scotland’s captain by 
leading the lions against the rest 
of the world in the International 

Board centenary match at Car- 
diff on April lb. The match may 
not compensate for the absence 
of a Lions tour this summer, but 
it is a well-merited honour for 
the hooker from Hawick, whose 
country shared the five nations* 
championship with France this 

Deans was forced to take the 
unenviable position of second 
siring to Ireland's hooker and 
captain. Ciaran Fitzgerald, three 
years ago in New Zealand. He 
becomes the fourth hooker to 
lead a Lions party in what will 
be the second occasion that the 
touring side have played at 
home. The first was in 1977 
against the Barbarians. 

A match squad of 21 was 
named in London yesterday, 
including five Frenchmen who 
will be available for the rest of 
the world XV in CardifTbut who 
will join forces with the four 
home unions at Twickenham on 
April 19 for the second cen- 
tenary match against players 
from the remaining IB coun- 
tries, New Zealand, Australia, 
and South Africa. 

The Lions include six Scots 
and six Irishmen, which is an 
interesting reflection of the 
championship table, in which 
Ireland finished last. The Irish 
backs, three of whom are in- 
cluded. might have achieved 
much more if they had been 
given better ball by their for- 
wards. The five Welshmen 
named do not include Norster. 
the Cardiff lock, nor do the four 
Englishmen include Melville. 
England’s scrum half. 

Norster. who was suspended 
after being sent off in a club 
match in November, was not 
considered because he had not 
been part of his country’s na- 
tional squad. Melville was not 
included because he sustained a 
neck injury on Saturday while 
playing against France, so Hill 
was chosen. 

Seven members of the squad 
played for the Lions in New 
Zealand in 1983: Ringland and 
Kieman of the backs, and 
Deans. Milne, Leniban, Beattie 
and Paxton of the forwards. The 
newcomers will be entitled to 
call themselves Lions, and they 
will receive a Board daily allow- 
ance of £14. as will the visiting 
players. The Board believed it 

allowance to the incoming play- 
ers and not to the other side, 
who will be coming together on 
April 1 3 for training under Clive 
Rowlands (Wales) and Michael 
Doyle (Ireland). 

Jacques Fouroux, the French 
coach, will be added to die 
overseas management team for 
the Cardiff match with his 
quintet of Blanco. Esteve, Sella. 
Champ and Herrera. He will 
then join the home management 
for the Twickenham game, and 
it will be a pleasure to see him 
working with Bob Templeton, 
of Australia, the overseas man- 
ager. and Brian Lochore. the 
coach of New Zealand. 

There may be minor grumbles 
about the Lions selected by a 
committee of John Finlan (En- 
gland). WiUie-John McBride 
(Ireland). Iain Macgregor (Scot- 
land). and Arthur Lewis 
(Wales), but the selection 
accurately reflects the quality 
found in the home countries. 
Scottish and Scotland). T 

(Baftymena end Ireland), BJ MuMn , 
University and Ireland). B Bowen (South 
Wales Ponce and wales), M J Kieman 

(Ootohin and Ireland), i A Dewnux 
(South Glamorgan Institute and Wales). R 
Underwood (Leicester and England). J 
Davies (Neath and Wales). R N Jones 
(Swansea and Wales). R J HM (Bath and 
England), J WNtofoot (CardrH and Wales). 
CT Deans (Hawick and Scotland. csoD-S 
E Bren (Coventry and Etwtand). I Q M*w 
(Harlequins and Scotiandf. D C I 
1). W A 

_ nd England). D( 

Lanflian (Cork Constitution analreiand). J 
Jeffrey (Kelso and Scotland). J R Beattie 
(Glasgow Academicals and Scotland). > A 
M Paxton (Selkirk ana Scotland), N J Carr 
(Ards and Ireland). French aetectto w K S 
Blanca (Bemtz), P Estave (NaiDonne). P 
Sefla (Agon). E Champ (Toulon). B 
Herrera (Toulon). 

• Andy Ripley, who played in 
England's learn which won the 
Scottish Centenary Sevens in 
1973. will captain England in 
the international sevens tour- 
nament in Sydney this weekend. 

• London will play ihe South 
West on the Askeans ground 
tomorrow in an under-23 di- 
visional match which may be 
the precursor to a proper di- 
visional competition. 

LONDON UNDER -23: S Thresher (Harie- 
qwnsU L Smith (Saracens). M Bakatt 
ftfariequn&l. J Krig (Saracens). M Offiah 
(Rosstyn Park); S Smith (Richmond). C 
Read (Plymouth AKtion): G Holmes 
\y R Howe (Btackheath), C WrigM 
ns). D Sola (Richmond), N Ed- 
wanJo(RossJyn Part), R Longhorn (Harie- 
ouins). C Mental (Roaaiyn Park). R Chevai 

WEST UNDER-23: J Webb (Bris- 
tol); R Bennett (Bristol). Ft Knfeba (Bristol). 
C Laity (South Glamorgan Institute). Q 
Harrison (Newbury); A Butt* (Redruth). □ 
mbome); D Muriey (Soksbury). G 

Rule (Camborne); 

Mann (Gloucester! P Macay (Lydrwy). G 
Crane (Bristol). P Miles [Bristol). A 

Edbroofce ( 

p Macs [E .... 

I, A Robinson (Bath). T 


Excitement in Oldham 

Wembley will feature a cup 
final between a favourite and an 
outsider on Mav 3 (Keith 
Macklin writes! When the draw 
for the semi-finals of the Silk 
Cut Challenge Cup was made 
yesterday Castleford were 
paired with Oldham, and Hall 
Kingston Rovers meet the win- 

ners of tomorrow's replay be- 
tween Leeds and Widnes. " - 
Oldham were last in a Chal- 
lenge Cup final 59 years ago 
before the Wembley era began. 
Their supporters yesterday be- 
sieged the Watershedaii 
ground asking for tickets 
first semi-final at Wigan. 


Still much 
to be done 
by Oxford 

By Jim RaiKon 

Over the next three weeks the 
Tideway and Upper Thames 
will be the scene of peat rowing 
i sculling competitions. Yes- 
terday Oxford arrived on the 
Tideway to begin their final 
preparations for the Boat Race 
on March 29 (3.15). Cambridge 
come down this afternoon . 
Next Saturday (4.20) eights 
contest the Head of the River 
race. On Sunday the Oxford and 
Cambridge women's Boat Race 
takes place at Henley with a 
supporting cast of the women's 
second crews together with the 
men's and women's lightweight 
Boat Races. On Saturday, April 
5 the Scullers Head of the River 
Race takes place from Monlake 
to Putney. 

The Boat Race itse I flocks 
wide open with both crews 
having still so much to prove. 
Between them they are guar- 
anteed some searching tests this 
week with pacing crews being 
provided by the Garda Sio- 
chana. of Ireland: an inter- 
national-packed Italian eight: a 
British national squad eight and 
possibly a London University 

London University proved on 
Saturday that their Reading 
victory over Oxford by nine 
seconds the week before was no 
fluke and they are a force to be 
reckoned with. In side-by-side 
racing on ihe Tideway on Sat- 
urday London's noses were just 
in fronL There were vicious- 
energy sapping contests but the 
Purples were victorious. 

Cambridge, too. after an 
interrupted winter training have 
much to prove. They were also 
making vital experiments last 
week and are expected to arrive 
on the Tideway lale afternoon 
today with John Pritchard srrok- 
ng and Paddy Broughton at six 
with a caveat on their final 

bow; DH M 

OXFORD: G R Scranton 
Odepe ScttxS and Marton). bow; 
seObnsM (Morrison's Academy and 
Mansfield): M R Danstan (St Otove s. 
Orpngt o n and Worcester); *C R P Jones 
(Sjdn*y university and Now College): *B 

(Bryanston, Cambridge University 
end Worcester): C h Cm (Cantonua 
Umversny and umerany); 0 LMngston 
(CaWorraa Urtverany ana OMfl; "AMS 
Thom** (Winchester and Pembroke), 
store. AS Grew (Haberdashers Ashes 
and Chnst Cnurenj, cox 
CAMBRKXJE: 1 R Ctorta (SWwwn HS 
and RerwiHiam). bow; U wa«*> Prmcotgn 
UniwmWY Trinity); M D Hvghoa 
(Bedford Madam and Downing); J 8 Pew 
{Stanford Unwereky and Trinity). *S M 
P«J (King s. ©tester and Downing), *P H 
Broughton (KeBy Codege. Souttwoton 
urwerwy ana MsgdMsnek E A F Gtefti 
(Pueens Urwerwfy, Omsno and Qiur- 
<**)■' ’J M Pritchard (Si demerit Danes 
and Rotmsan). Broke. C A Barton (AJce 
Otttey and FfCMtlem), eo* 


...— — ton Putney): Oxford 
10 8fid 515 CarnbidQe amdng tib 



Cup QiaDItir 1. JappMoup |P Durand. 
Franca) no touts. 34.88sec 2. Raffles Si 
Janies (N SkoBon) B. 3230: 3. Towaiands 
ftaraond Seeker (M Pyrahi 8. 3571. Wortd 
PieckigK 1 equst P lAraid and N Skenon. 
79: 3. J Whnaker. 77. 4. M Pyrah. 66. 5. M 


SUN CITY WEST, Arizona : Senior PDA 
tomament FM scores 202: C Owens. 71. 
64. 67; □ Doutoass. 67. 67. 66 (Owns won 
play-off): 203: bSandara. 67. 68. 68 204: C 
Rortnuez. 69. 67, 66; 205: P Thomson. 66. 
69, 74 206: W Casper, 71. 68. 67. G Brewer. 
68. 70. 66.207: L BObt. 74. 67. 66; J Jcnenez. 
66. 71. 70. 20B: B Crampton. 67. 7ft 71. 
11. Cambridge Urmerafly 7: Ganton CHjD 
15ft. Oxford Drawarsay 2ft. 


CMATSWORTK DanMDt Valay Badge 
Event Men (lZ5km): 1, R Pearson (South 
Yoncs) 75mm 15soc: 2. D Wlkams iDaesMB) 
7722: 3. A PtcUes (Soum Yorks) 7759 
Woman [7.8 km): 1. ft Jones (Arameersi 
54mm I4sec 2. J Pearson (Soum rwn&j 
54-ift 3. R Clayton (Dwwir Vaoayl 5729 


UNITED STATK; NaBonal Aaaocastwa 
(NBA); Bosmn CMncs 1 1B. Pno»MMia 7fiws 
101: Portland Tra4 Blazers lift. DetnM 
Pawns 109. Denver Nugoea 119. Sacmmen- 
» Kings 113; Goldan State Waraors 130. 
Phoenix Suns 11£ 5 m® SupwSonica 129. 
San Anjorao Spurs 115. Los Angeles Lakers 
116. Houston Roc * ms ill. 


AFRICAN NATIONS CUP: Senkfinal: Camer- 
oon 1. tvorv Coast 0. 

GOLA LEAGUE: Daritord 3. Barrow 2. 
FOOTBALL C0M8MAT10N: Bnstol Rovers 0. 
Queen s Park Rangers 1: West Ham i. 

{firTBHJEAGUe MATCH: League or ireiana ?. 
iron League I 


HARTLEPOOL: Prudential national indoor 
cmapwnann Fours: FM round: Lauester 

IR Panarson) 14. Amertey. Southampton (M 
bavtes) 21: Way Vaikty. QuUdfoni (H 
Strudwicki 21. Towtands Bramtrae ifl 
Buflani i7: Isa Oxford (R Chew) 17. Norm 
Waanemjc ward) m, Falam. Hastings (N 
Hooped 20. Hul (R Bucnanj 18: ^ (D 
Cowknd) 17. PS»mb Lock. Edmonton (E 
Rocneawi IS Swvenaga (D Rtcnanison) 22. 
Cyphers. Beckemam (j Bun) li Si Neote (A 
EntwtHGila) 14. Chnsrle Miner. Maiksnara (J 

1/. wontong (G Bnagori 10. 

DARUMOTult Brnk Uea women's indoor 

teB) k R. Jones (waho) 21-20. l Jarman 
(Eng* M M. Lettiam (Scot M-I2 ton: 
Scotland in MumoNffiM. M Rossi IB. Wales (A 
John. J At* land 16 Ireland (M Cohnae. R 
Steveraom 2«. England (D Lowe. B Aidersonj 

12- Triple*: Scotland (ft Reman, S McLean 
and A. Watson) 20. England (6 Rickman. 3 
Pothacary.C Wasson ifl: Wales (J Stouter. E 
Brown. A Oamron) 26. Mand (E Burton, N 
Mlaan. A Brawn) 10. Foin; 

England (B Hal W Pnm. C Lamb. S wtit»] 28. 
SwwrtJ (M GaUoway. 1 Frtchet J Thompson. 

M Smart) 13. Wales (J Watts. J Returns, P 
Stainer J HowaUsi 26. Ireland (S Adw H 
Hamilton. M Clwddy E Wdkmsonj 20 


Cormoty (Magdaiam and Graem. 4.306 pis 
(Oxtoto). 2 ft Clark (Wanwck Scsipgi and St 
CamarmasL a.M6 

pktorfil 1 P Cameron (Soknul and Glrion). 
3.859 (Camcndga) 

Tem Meipeftauu: 1 OrforfL 22. S3 tw. Z 
Camtmoge 19.926 Women's mdredoot 1 J 
Rowlav(Uflik»r5iiv o( Toronto and Somervdlei 
3.522 pte (Oiltird). 2. J CcnstaOia lUjngdsal 
and Setwym 3.519 iCamwcga): 3. ft Payne 
Cam lord and Scmer.uie) 3 446 
Otlordl Teem competition: t Cam 
Dri08ei27B6MS 2 CWorfl 12.596 


(Dert. (US pi* 3 lFMdWNMn(DaH)'.3Muat. 
M h)Wfcan and T Cartwi (DonV 530: S. P 
Padukone (todonesai. 500- 6. 5 Baodaiey 
• c “\475.? M&aek(Mai).42o-8.iSutMno 
L 360 S S Yu (AuaL 340. 10 N l«n 
(Eng),300 WAmA: t H Irak. (Eng). 875 C.K 
Larsen (Den) 680-3 Yun Ja B«»(SKot|,560 
4 C Magnus sen iSwei 556 5. 0*an pm 
tOrvy. 490 6 F BUM (tnqi. *35 7 S hnada 
(Japl.400 B H»e YOung Hwmg (6 Kor 1.360 
9 Lfiluw UuMwn(D?fi). W 10 LngmiLi 
rCwai 280 


5 ? D^^-p S S.WF B,S B T*B' R-&.K. K IS 6 A.K ra a »-•< cm tar 



In t 
is B 

It i 
Bo i 























Nevin’s action-packed 

schedule in the race 

for a ticket to Mexico 

Pai Nevin. the 22-year-old 
Chelsea forward, may have to 
play five games in 1 1 days to 
stake a late claim for a place in 
Scotland's squad for the 
World Cup finals in Mexico. 
Nevin is the only uncapped 
player named in a squad of 29 
for next Wednesday's interna- 
tional against Romania at 
Hampden Park. 

Before then Nevin, who was 
in action against Evenon on 
Sunday, faces League games 
against Queen's Park Rangers 

tomorrow and Southampton 
on Saturday, and then the Full 
Members' Cup filial against 
Manchester City at Wembley 
on Sunday. 

But it the games Nevin has 
not played which worry the 
Chelsea manager, John Holl- 
ins. “1 don’t know why Pat 
wasn’t called up before Christ- 
mas when he was going so 
well." Hollins said, “[ hope he 
takes his chance because he is 

glish, could collect his 100th 
cap and claim for himself the 
Scottish scoring record he 
currently shares with Denis 
Law on 30.goais. 

(Abe rj 

deen), A Rough (F . 

Goran (Oldham}, C Money 
Mirren), R Gough (Dundee Ufa). 
Makies (Dundee Ufa), A McLefarii 
(Aberdeen). W Mflter (Aberdeen) 


The Northern Ireland man- 
ager, Billy Bingham, has add- 
ed the names of Worthington 
and Stewart to .the squad he 
chose for the scoreless draw in 
France for the Windsor Park 
match against Denmark to- 
morrow week. 

Chester IM. 
A Hansen 
(Celtic), G 

, A AJMston (Man- 


... R AMwn 


dee Ufa), J 
Strap psarl 

Stewart has been unable to 
command a first-team place at 
Newcastle after a series of 
niggling injuries but is now 
happy with his fitness while 
Worthington celebrated his 
first team comeback for Shef- 
field Wednesday in the FA 
Cup success over West Ham 
with a memorable goal. 

_ Wark (Live 
irton), D SpeoL 
sea}." b Cooper mangers). 
Dalglish [UveroooO, r McAveno* 
(West Ham), S Archibald (Barce- 
lona), C Nicholas (Arsenal). P 
Sturrocfc (Dundee Ufa). P Nevin 

IN IRELAND: P Jennings 

(Tottenham). J Platt (Coleraine). 
NJchoa (Wes ~ ‘ " 

(West BfQm), M Donaghy 
(Luton). J CNea (Lecestar City), J 
McClelland (Watford), D MeCH*iy 
(Newcastle Utifl, S Mcflroy (Man- 
chester City), N Whites) 

Chester Ufa). S Penney (Bi 
Quinn (Blackburn Rovers). 

gssrrSi ^anasrs 

the son of player who can turn 

Wark. - the Liverpool mid- 
field player wbo won the last 
of his 29 caps 18 months ago, 
is the surprise inclusion in 
Alex Fergus's squad. He has 
made only 16 appearances for 
Liverpool in a season cur- 
tailed by injury and it seemed 
that his chances of hopping on 
the plane to Mexico had 

Wark's club manager, Dal- 

Manchester United’s Olsen 
and Sivebeck, along with 
Molby of Liverpool, are in- 
cluded in the Denmark squad. 

The Charlton captain, Aiz- 
lewood, and Millwall's 
Lowndes have been handed 
another chance to press their 
daims for a place in the Welsh 
side in the European Champi- 
onship. The pair, drafted in 
last month against Saudi Ara- 
bia, are named for the match 
against the Republic of Ire- 
land in Dublin tomorrow 

Cmnfiey (Unfield). N Worthington 

j Wed). B McNaBy (Shrew- 
sbury), I Stewart (Newcastle Ufa) 
WALES: N Southall (Everton). _ 
Medzwrecki (Chelsea). N Staffer 
donft K Jaekett "Watford), K 
(Everton), P Van den 

Hauwe lEyertor), 

chestBr City), R James 

NictKila* (Luton), 1 1 

M Thomas (West — 

Hughes (Manchester Ufa). C _ 
mom (Manchester Ufa). M Aizle- 
wood (Charlton), G Davies (Man- 
l Low ndes (MiHwalJ). 

chaster City), S I 

• Keith Houcbcn, York City’s 
FA Cup hero against Arsenal 
last season, is one o£four 
placed on the club's tran 




Stevens to have 

knee operation 


Brian GbnvBa 

Neither Juventns nor Barce- 
lona will be at full strength 
tomorrow for their second leg 
European Cup quarter-final in 
Turin. But Barcelona must fed 
optimistic about keeping the 

one-goal lead they obtained in 
the first leg. after 

the way 
Juventns collapsed in Rome last 

I saw the game in which the 
Italian champions, already de- 
prived of two of their best 
attackers In Sovna and Bri- 
ascM.'ndther of whom wOl befit 
for tomorrow, lost their sweeper, 
Stirea, who limped off. Roma 
made enormous holes in an 
amazingly ruhierabie Juventns 
defence throughout the first half 
when they should have scored 
four or five times. Graziani , from 
a right wing corner, and Pruzzo 
headed the two goals they got. 
Shortly after Pruzzo had been 
somewhat unjustly sent off late 
in the game, Cerezo voilied a 
stupendous right-footed goal 
from Nela's cross for Roma's 

Padone, the young centre- 
forward who joined Juventns 
last summer from Atahurta, bad 
two fine attempts in the first half 
and wfli certainly play against 
Barcelona. Terry Venables' de- 
pleted team drew 1-1 with Celta 
at home last w ee ke n d. ■ as a 
banner on the terraces said 
’’Schuster. No Thank You”. The 
West German now looks sure to 
miss tomorrow's game, and the 
patience of the Barcelona fens 
has ran out. 

Inconsistent Bayern Munich 
may not survive in Brussels 
against an Anderlecbt team they 
should have beaten out of sight 
in the first leg of their European 
Cup game. Anderlecbt dosed up 
shamelessly in defence; we can 
assume they wfli be braver in 

Atfetico Madrid should have 
scant trouble in disposing of Red 
Star Belgrade in the return leg of 
their Cup Winners' Cup match, 
haring won 2-0 in Yugoslavia. 
Thefieigrade press gave a rough 
ride to the Italian referee, 
AgnoKn, who sent off the Red 
Star striker, Milko Djurovski, 
and allowed what looked an 
offside goal by the Uruguayan 
international centre forward. Da 
Silva, who went on to score the 
second at the death. 

In the UEFA Cup. Real 
Madrid should survive in N ea- 
ch at eL to which they take a 3-0 
lead. The indrvidnal exploits of 
their three international strik- 
ers, Hugo Sanchez (Mexico), 
Valdano (Argentina) and Batra- 
gueno (Spain) are what make 
them formidable, rather than 

try St 

gland ftilftack. is to have an 
exploratory knee operation to- 
day. He aggravated an injury in 
Sunday's draw with Chelsea and 
will miss tomorrow’s Super Cup 
semi-final second leg against 
Tottenham at Goodison Park. 
Everton, who drew the first leg 
0-0, will also be without Peter 
Reid and Kevin Ratcliffe, who 
are both injured. 

Birmingham City's hopes of 
staying in the first division were 
dealt another blow when Andy 
Kennedy, the forward, joined 
their injury list with a damaged 
ankle. Wayne Clarke is also 
suffering from an ankle injury 
and David Geddis from a 
broken nose, which may mean a 
quick recall for Billy Wright, 
who returned to St Andrews 
yesterday after a month on loan 
to Chest er^for Saturday's refla- 
tion match with neighbouring 
Aston Villa. ' 

Gordon Milne, the Leicester 
City manager, is likely to name 
the same side that drew at West 
Bromwich Albion on Saturday, 
their fifth successive unbeaten 
game, for the visit to Sheffield 
Wednesday tonight 

Jeremy Charles. Oxford 
United's Welsh international 
who has scored four goafs in the 
last five games, is undergoing 
intensive treatment on a thigh 
strain and an ankle knock in an 
effort to be fit for tomorrow’s 
visit by Newcastle United. 

Blackburn Rovers' Jun.Bran- 
is in line fora quick recall, 

■ a one-match suspension, at 

home to Brighton today. Vince 
O'Keefe may come in for Teny 
Gennoe in goal. In attack, Chris 
Thompson and Noel Brother- 
ston could also be recalled. 

Jim Hicks, Fulham's central 
defender who was omitted from 
the match with Wimbledon last 
Saturday, is expected to play at 
Mill wall Les Briley will lead 
Millwall despite having three 
stitches in a head wound ac- 
quired during Saturday's win at 

Southampton have written to 
70 local schools offering free 
admission to pupils for the 
match on Saturday with Chel- 
sea, whose supporters are 
tanned indefinitely from the 
Dell following a small riot 
outside the ground at last 
season's League game. 

. Blackpool have been made an 
offer to sell their Bloomfield 
Road ground-in order that 
supermarket can be built on the 
site. The third division club 
have been negotiating with 
Manchester development com- 
pany but neither the size of the 
offer nor the name of the 
supermarket chain involved has 
been disclosed. Blackpool have 
already announced plans to join 
forces with Blackpool Borough 
rugby. league dub in a Super- 
bowl development at Borough 

Lincoln City have called an 
to discuss 

emergency meeting to aiscui 
the dub's future on March 26. , 

collection at Sunday's game 
against Swansea raised £2,000 
towards the £400,000 needed 


AUSTRIAN: Austria Vtanna 2. SSW Ums- 

bnicfc 2; Slum Graz 4. Austria Nooenfut 
(lira Warner 0. 

1; LASK 1. OAK 0; Admire 
Rapid Vienna 4; Lwkg poaUons: 1. 
Rapid Mama. 42ptK 2. Austria Vienna, 
a* 3, LASK. 25. 

BELGIAN: Uerse 1. Standard UAge 1: 

* “ jrwlKV 

Beerschot 0. Antwerp Of Cbarierc* 
Mechelen Or Ghent 0. Beveren a- Karin* 

0. CS Bruges 3; FC Utae 1. RWDM 0; 

* ’ wi T; F< 

ITALIAN: Atatanta a Bari 0: Cwno 1. Pba 
i: Rorantma 0. Verona 0: Lecce 0. 
Sampdona 1; AC MHan 2. UtSness 0; 
Napoo 1. bitamazionaia 0; Roma 3. 
Juvontus 0: Torino 1, Aveffino 0. Loa di n g 
positions: 1, Juvontus. 38ptK 2, Roma, 
35: 3. Napofi. 31. 

Andariecht 3. Waragem 
Lokeren 0; Sensing 0, 

. __ Bng 

Loading positions: 1, Anderiecht, 45 pts 

2. Bruges. 43; 3. Ghent 36 pts. 


1 Lokomotiv Plovdiv i. Beroe 

0: VHosha l. Trakia 0: Prei 0. Stavia 4; 
Spa rak Varna 1. Vratsa 1; Sfiven 1. 
Chemo More 0: Akademlk 1. Etur 1; 
Dounav 2. Spartak Pleven 1; Sradsts 0, 

’ Soto 3 

POLISH: Battyk Gdynia 0. Gorofc Zabrze 
ttZAgtobieLubnO. Lana Warsaw (hGKS 
Katowice 1, Lecrt* Gdansk o; Stask 
Wroclaw 1, Motor Lublin 1: Gore* 
wastrzyeh Z Lech Poznan 3: Stal IMec 
1. WklzBW Lodz 2: LKS Lodz 2, Z J ' ' 
Sosnovviec 1; Ruch Chorzow 0. 

_ _ Prague 

LokomoUva Kosice Ch Sparta Prague 0. 
Dukla Prague 2; Dynamo Ceske 

jovoeO. TJ VHkonceO: Dunapka Strata 
— 1. Boti e m ians Prague 1r Oulda Banska 
Bystrica 2. RH Che& 1 r Sigma Otomouc 3. 

PORTUGUESE: Poritmonense 2, PenaBai 
0: Porto 1. Boawsta 1: Marltimo 0. 
Sporting 0: Benfica 4. Chaves 0: Setubai 
1. Acadamica 0: Salguoros 1. Area 2; 
Gramaraas 1, Belenenses 0; CovUha 1, 
Braga 3. LeacfingpMitiora: 1 . Bonfica. 41 
pts; "2. Porto. 4Q; 3, Sporting, 38. 

_ . ^ ZOina (h Mar Bratislava a Spartak 
Tmaw 0; Bat* Ostrava a Tatran Prosov 
0. Leading posifen* 1, TJ Vltkovtcs. 25 
pts: Z. sa«a Praia. 21: 3, Sparta Praha. 

DUTCH: Rada JC a PC Utrecht 3L- VW a 
FC Don Bosch l.'FC Groningen 3. Fortuna 
Sittard a- PSV 1 . A(ax 1; Excetskx a NEC 
0: Fejrenowd a Go Ahead Eagles 1; 
Heradaa a Haarlem a- A2 '67 1. FC 
Twente ft MW 4, Sparta Z Leading 
noaMons: 1. 1. PSV. Xlpts; Z, Ajax. 35; 3. 

Nantes Z Pans SainhGennsin 
ftLOel. Bordeaux 0; La Havre a Monaco 
ft Mareedles a Basda 0: Touton ft Lens ft 

SPANISH: Las Paimas 1. VaOadofid ft 
Cadiz 1. Real Madnd 3: Barcelona 1 . Coin 
1; Hercules ft Gqbn 1; SavOe a Real 
Sooedad 1; AtNate Bilbao a Beds 1; 
Osasuna 2. Valencia ft AtMtico Madrid a 
Espartol ft Zaragoza 1, Santander ft 
Leadtooncotfcnsrl, Rata Madrid. 50 ptss 

a Barcelona. 41; a Athletic BOno and 
AMtico Madrid. 37. 

SWISS: Baste 3. Grenchen ft La Cheux- 
da-Fonds a Vevey 1 ; Lausanne ft Xerox 
NeuchAM ft Lucerne O. Grasshopper 
Zurich ft Skxi 1. Baden ft Wethngan ft 
ServeBB Geneva ft' Young Biqis Berne a 

St Gaton ft Zurich ft Aarau Z LhAh 

L 2fipts; 2 . 

Nice ft Strasbourg £ Metz ft Auxerra ft 
TotAuse 2. Lava ft 

any sustained team play. 

: Rennes 1. Nancy ft 
5ochaux4. Brest 2. Loading paaUonK 1. 
Paris St German 49ptK a Nantes 4ft a 
Bordeaux 42. 

The Naotes manager. 

GREEK: PAOK Z Panachtfd 1; Pardorties 

Suandeau, gives his team only a 
20 per cent chance of qualifying 
against Intemazioaale of Milan, 
who won the first leg 3-0. 

The Belgian side. Waregem. 
must try to wipe out the 1-0 lead 
established against them in the 
UEFA Cup io Split by Hajduk, 
thanks to a goal by the Yugoslav 
international. Zlatko Vujovfc. 

He and bis twin brother, the 
defender. Zoran, still want fti 
leave for western Europe to- 
gether at the end of this season, 
but h now appears unlikely they 
will jom Bordeaux. Ascoli, al- 
ready thinki ng of Brady, are 
said to be interested, but it 
remains probable that the block 
on foreign players in Italy will 
not be lifted. 

Why has Trapattoni decided 
to leave Jnventns? He angrily 
insists it has nothing to do with 
money and is surely correct 
FLAT and .the Agnelli family 
have far more resources than 
Pellegrini. Inter’s new president 
who is a catering millionaire. It 
k said that. Trapattoni wants to 
get out from under the shadowed 
Agnelli ', and . of Giampiero 
Boniperti, Jnrentus's dominat- 
ing president and fanner 'cap- ' 


hail Correspondent of the Sun 
day Times. 

a AEK 1: Yaunina 1, Aroflcjn Athens 1; 
Lansa 2. Emmkos 1: OF! 1 . Irakfis ft Are 

l,l>n3l:P ai»am i natoM l.0tyrnpiako52: 

" ' " n K Mm ar la8 1. 

Pars®iTfl*os ft 


Lestlna pssifmm 1. Parattdntitos, 
35ptK l Arts. 30: 3. AEK. 30. 

1. Xamax NeicMwl, 
G raasri opper Zurich. 3. Son. 23. 

WEST GERMAN; Kalserslaunm 4. Bayer 

Leverkusen 1: Wsttut Manoheim a 

Bayern Munich 4: Boyar UnSngan ft 

Borussa Donmund ft Hamburc 4 . Saar- 

trtoken ft Cologne 3. Hancwar ft Nurem- 
bwg 3. Schalke 1; Fortna DussnWod q. 
VfBStuugari 7; VTL Bochum 2. Borussia 
MCnchengtadtach 2: Srtrachi Frankfurt 

0. Warder Bremen Z LwcEng posUoaa: 

1. Warder Bremen, 42pta: 2. Bayern 
Munidi. 3ft 3. BoruastaTS*. 

POOLS FORECAST by Paul Newman 

S atu r da y M arch Z2 unreal 



1 Arsenal u Cdvenby 
1 A- Vito v BtriMwham 

1 1pswich v WBA 

1 Liverpool v Oxtort 

2 Luton v Evenon 
1 ManUvManC 

i NwcatevTotterttom 
1 Notim F V Leicester 
1GPRV Watford 

1 west Ham V Staff w 

X Bolton v CartBff 
1 Sremford v Btockpool 
1 Bristol R v Boumemth 

1 Uncoin v Notts Co 

2 Newport v Wigan 
X Plymouth v Dotty 

1 Reading vBury 

2 Watsai v D a ri in gt o n 

1 Nonhwtch v Nroaton 

1 Runcorn v Kettering 

2 Scamoro v ChNterihan 
1 Stafford v Hartford 

1 Abetdeenv Dundee 
Xdydetjannv St Mirren 

Not on coupons Don- \ 
caster v Ctastorflek) (Fn- = v 

day), Rotherham v Yoric X Rangers v Celtic 
Swansea v GUngtam: SCOTTISH FWST 
Wolves v Bristol C. 



2 Barnsley vCarfste 
1 Bradford v Hudderefld 
1 Brighton vMitfwaH 

1 Charlton v Oldham 

2 Fulham v C Palace 

1 Grimsby v Sundoriand 

1 Leeds vsnreweoury 
XMttdtesbrov Hta 
X Shelf Uv Nonweft 
X Stoke v Portsmouth 
1 Wimbledon v Blackburn 

2 Burnley v HaMax 
1 Chester v Wrexham 
1 Crewe v Aldershot 
1 Hantepoot v Exerar 
1 Hereford v Scunthorpe 

x Airdrie v Kamamock 
X Ayr v Hamitton 

1 Brechrt v Fcriar 

2 Clyde V East Ha 
2 Montrose V FaGork 

X Morton V Dumbarton 


1 Ntnampton v Colchester Not on mpane: BetWrek 

1 Pet Bt h oi o v Camb U 

2 Preston v Southend 
2 Rochdale v Tranmere 

Not on c o upont ; Stock- 
port v Cnent 

day): Torquay v I 

Swinton v Pton VNe (Suv 
i Mansfield. 

v St Johnstone: Dunlwrm- 
Une V Arbroath: East Str- 
ling v Maadowbank; 
Ouaan's Park v Soring; 
Raith v Cowdenbeam: 
Srentausemuir v Chiaan of 
the South: Stranraer v 

(ta me, teems): South. 
£g n ' Mg^aroigh. Sheffield united. 
StOka. Ootton, Plymouth. Clydebank. 

Ayr. uStxT^ 
,^L Southampton. Started 

tirWBftPlyrTOiflh. Ctyttebanh, Rangers. 
AWAYS: Crystal Palace, Wk»n. 
and. Hearts. Fatek. 

HOMES: AreenaL Ipswich. Uverpool, 
Wimbledon. Lkicoln. ReatSng. Crewe. 

HartepooL Northampton, Rufteom, Staf- 
ford, Ound 

ndee United. 

FIXED ODDS; H e mwi Arsenal, Ipswich, 
Vftntaiedon. Crewe. Dundee united 

Wigan, South- Awdyx Carfisie. vyjgan. Hearn, tame: 

Sheffield Urttee. Hangers. 

Soubiampton. ! 


» * v.’. r'hf-r* • 

” / j.. ‘ • . \ .A 

. v. vv ; i-r.r-.-b ’'ll 

: ' t ‘ :r- ^ • 'r- : . rr. v - r T :. • r'M 

’ ^ • ■* .f, •?■**? 

■ " v . ; ;V • 


Langer; on course to break all the US tour records 

aims for 

cup side 

Langer drives on 
towards summit 

From John Ballantine, Orlando, Florida 

By Mitchell Platts 

Mary McKenna launches her 
attempt to gain a record ninth 
Curtis Cup appearance for 
Great Britain and Ireland when 
she partners Befie Robertson in 
the Avia Watches Women's 
Foursomes starting at The Berk- 
shire today. 

For Miss McKenna the pros- 
pect of playing against the 
United States in Kansas at the 
beginning of August hinges on 
her ability to overcome a nag- 
ging tack injury which blunted 
her game last season. She ex- 
plains: “I have spent the best 
part of the winter having inten- 
sive treatment for the injury. 
My aim is to. make the Curtis 

Cup side again and although my 
ck is somewhat stiff I am 


hoping that over the next two 
weeks 1 will be able to allay any 

Miss McKenna, wbo will 
partner Maureen Garner m next 
week's Sunningdale Foursomes, 
will be hoping to win the Avia 
Foursomes for a third time. She 
first look the title in 1977’ when 
she teamed up with Tegwen 
Thomas and she was successful 
again in 1984 when Mrs Robert- 
son was her partner. 

Linda Bayman. who has won 
the Avia a record six times with 
no fewer than four different 
partners, teams up again with 
Maureen Garner with whom she 
won the tide 12 months ago 
when the 72-hole event was 
restricted to 36 boles because of 

Bernhard Langer, who many 
American professionals are say- 
ing is eaniing the right to be 
called the world’s no. 1 golfer, is 
certainly- living up to that ele- 
gant and. flattering tiiie.The 
best? Well, if not the most silky 
swinger or text-book technician, 
certainly tbe most effective 
scorer and a- persistent money 

T ■anger ’s final rounds of 66 
and 68. which, after 12 holes in 
tbe afternoon got him within 
two strokes of die eventual 
winner of tbe Bay Hill Classic, 
Dan Foreman, of California, 
kept him in the vanguard of the 
two most important means of 
measuring ability over here. He 
is second in the money list with 
$157,255; and in the $2 million 
Vantage Cup points table he 
retains tbe pole position 

What Hes ahead for the 
remarkable Langer, whose rep- 
utation ' in - his own country, 
sadly, is in inveree.proportion to 
.that of Boris Becker simply 
because of golfs lack of popular- 
ity there compared with tennis? 
It needs only a little stretching of 
the imagination to believe that 

think that be atigbL'end up with 
twice his present total, say 
$300,000. Adff to- this .the 
$500,000 Vantage Cup first 
prize in No vember, which at the 

moment he is running away 


with, and what have you go 
One very happy and successful 

There is only one hitch in. this 
attractive scenario. Langer 
thinks that he might be able to 
compete in only 13 American 
events this season because of the 
tax and immigration rules 
affecting alien non-residents* 
employment which ' wifi limit 
him to 121 days. 

There is no prospect of Deane 
Be man giving him the same 
heave-ho that Severiano Ball- 

esteros received for not playing 
ar and. 

15 tou rnamen ts last year 
incidentally, it win be fascinat- 
ing to see them both in action 
this week in New Orieans where 
the Spaniard defends his title. 

Langer’s exact status wOl be 
determined shortly, certainly 
before Augusta in three weks. If 
he has to return- home pre- 

maturely it wOl only be Europe’s 

Langer may this season break all 

a. All t 

records for the amount of 
money extracted from the US 
PGA tour. 

Only about one quarter of the 
season's 40-odd tournaments 
have been played, and Langer 
has- already topped 5157,000 
without actnaOy haying won 
one. Let us be cautious and 
double Itis pnsent tally and 

gam. All the British played very 
well here and Foreman contin- 
ued the trend towards “new 
feces when he held off .Ray 
Floyd and a local professional. 
Mike HuJberL 
FINAL SCORES: 20&D Foreman 6& 67, 
67. 203: R Floyd 6& 68.66; M Hubert 70 l 
69. 64. 204: W Law 7ft 67. 67. 208: C 
strange 70. 70. 65: D RoM 68. 7ft 67. 20ft 

B Langer (WG) 72. 6ft 68. BritUe 210: N 
-Faldo 74, 67. 69. 

lit: A Lyte 71. 72, 68. 
212: KBromi 73, 71, 68.21ft f~ " “ 

7ft 67.. 

: P Paftdn 73. 



Danny Palmer’s resignation 
from Portsmouth last weekend 
may be only the beginning of a 
mass exodus of coaches from 
first division dubs, some of 
them more by luck — or lack of 
luck — than design. 

ship of HomeSpare for a further 
two years. 

Another American whose fu- 
ture for next season is uncertain 
is Art Ross, of Bir min gham 
Bullets, who. has been back 

Amid all the speculation 
about the future of the Carlsberg 
National League, which may yet 
be reduced to a breakaway 
Basketball Super. League next 
season under tbe direction of a 
separate- organization formed 
from within the dubs, the 
futures of many of the leading 
coaches is equally undear. 

home in Florida, recovering 

Mark Stevens is one certain 
casualty. HomeSpare Bolton, 
who finished bottom but one, 
have decided not to renew the 
contract of Stevens, from 
Scotsdale, Arizona. The de- 
cision is no reflection on fi- 
nances, since Bolton have 
recently acquired tbe sponsor- 

from bronchial pneumonia an 
preparing for his forthcoming 
marriage. Ross seems to have 
priced himself out of the market 
by askingfor £800 a week for tbe 
whole year. Under Ross's for- 
mer assistant, Colin Wood. 
Birmingham have reached the 
national championship play- 
offs at -Wembley, in which they 
face Crystal Palace in Friday^ 
first semi-final. 

Bill Sheridan, of Worthing, is 
yet another American who may 
well be with another dub — 
possibly Portsmouth — as 
Danny Palmer’s successor next 
season. Tbe decision by Nissan 
not to renew their three-year 

a perilous state, unless they 
a new sponsor soon. 

One English coach wondering 
what tbe future holdsln store for 
him is Andy Brown, of Happy 
Eater Bracknell, who want a 
full-time, .coach. BrackndTs 
problem is that there is more 
security for Brown in his PE 
-teaching job in -Hounslow. 

Even the most secure coaches 
have their -problems. Joe 
Whdton, who coached Sharp 
Manchester United to the na^ 
tional league championship, was 
disqualified at the- weekend for 
continuing to dispute decisions 
with officials after receiving two 
technical offences. in his team's 
win at Bolton in the British 
Masters tournament. 

BRITISH MASTERS: Sacond Round, nc- 
ond leg* HotneSpwa Botfon 99. Sharp 

Manchester United Imitated g*i_2-ty 

Manchester (Sants ; 97, 1 Happy Ester 
~-Q). Mi 

Bradmefl 79 (Giants win 2-0). Fret 
Hemel/Watfard 74, POrtsmouft 82: 
bridge 81 .Sotont 85. 

rvW-i-i CsrC:5Li *' 


From Jq&h HeanessjyGe**** - 

The battle lines for the men's ibcgpfdmcd aj-frum ffax admit- 

• A »IC uawv — — 

'world figure stating ^champion- 
ship in Geneva were drawn 
by the compulsory 


The holder. Alexander Ead- 
eyev, won this first dement 
from the aew European choii- 
piQB, Jozef Sabovrik, of CredkK 
Slovakia, and Hetko Fischer, oT 
West Germany. The two Brans, 
Boitano of the United Stares 
and Orsec, of Canada, occupy 
.the next two. positions and we 
need look no farther for die 
eventual winner. 

t«By dilEcdt position. 

The women soto skater s open 
their competition tfaia morning 
with tire compulsory figures, a 
competition wfrfcft « likely to 
see Katarina Witt, of cast 
Germany, restored as* world 
champion, though J*» pwhapfc 
on her own merits than on the 
franfry of others. At<5fiIj r 2G r sbc 
seems already to ta in decline 
but her posdidfr dtaHengers are 
probably too inexperienced to 
unseat heir. 

-venraiu wmnci. . . Susan Jackson; 6f Richmond 

. Disregarding tte chamtes of ■*. Nottingham. ■ carries the 
Fischer, whose free skating US- Mimrc in (reference in 

Fischer, whose free skating its- 

posestoo.beavya bardep, foe .;’Jg nariotalrdiaaffon* Joann? 
tOD two resume wiere Ibcy Ictt • •* 

top two reauM w*ere t^fcft rbnway. bH tbe stwa^fa of hCT 

on in last years dianipioxisnips rrvT ^y dirolav in the Eafopean 
in Tokyo. Boitano. though fiflh- in .January. The 

on the few two Sgires^a^now (febasegt boroe cm ttw sdectios 

one place better and the refore 
six tenths of a point better, and: 
also, as a result of a poor rocker, 
one place and -six- tenths worse 
off •' 

But neither Fadeyev . nor 

Sabovrik produced a ny Jtind of notmrR t > 

form m the free skating in go^ctoWLKigTWiRBei^ 

Copenhagen and on that ev- : 

idence il is still possible, just, for s. B OraW 3ft ft 

ether Orser or Boitano to win ■ - 

for the one plabeopM to Britain 
nrighTbe«pected.teplac< some 
pressure- on Misn .J a c l g on but 
she is a bonny little fighter -and 
we hold the sename hope that 
she might finish iu tbe lop- 10, 


Cox makes 

it a day 

of gifts 

ByaCoonspoiident .. 

Nottinghaui Panthers gained 
two important victories' at the 
weekend' to move into sixth 
place in the premier division. 
On Saturday five goals by Jim 
Keys . inspired the Midland 
club to their -first Heindten 
-League win over ; DsAan 
The next evening Panthers 
took an even more vital two 
points from Sferettfcam Bed- 

skins, their only rivals for die 

last play-off place. Brian- Cox, 
the ' Nottingham net-minder, 
frustrated ail Stxeaiham scoring 

efforts, turni ng aside 31 shots to 

title for 


gam hfe own first shutout at this 

Jevef and only the second in tize 

premier ^vision this season. 
After the game, he was in- 
undated with gifts: a case ofbeer 
as the '‘man of tbe match”, two 
silver coins pr e s en ted by the 
province of Alberta to- the 
"Young British Player of the 
Month* for Pebruary and a cake 
from the total supportas da the 
eve of his 2 1st bxrfoday. •• 

Ayr Brtum again showed how 

much .ihey^ appreciate pfayfo^ 

Clevdaad Bomber* vmb 
victory, a record premier di-. 
vision aw^ sane. Ayr already 
hold the record for goafs in a 
home game.25 against tta. same 
opponents January. Kevin 
Conway .witfimne goals; phis a 
further three in- Whntey Bay on 
Sunday^ tookc bn jrital for the 
season - W l 15. 

Rick Fera, of Mmajfidd 
Racers; Stored right goals at the 
weekend,. seven oCihcm against 
luckless. P rtCTb og o agh Fnates 
Peterborough's 16th home de* 
feat of the season makes relega- 
tion a mathematical certainty.. 

SoGhnU Barons prepared to 
lake Peterborough's place with a 
16-8 victory over- Teffwd Tl- 
gera, their nearest rivals at the 
top bftiie firstdivisioa. Solihull 
took a tbreogoaf Head within 88 
seconds of the start, and. al- 
though Telford fought back to 
tie tbe score at 5-5 by the end of 
the first period. Jay Forehand's 
six goals and three assists en- 
sured a comfortable home win. 

WvisiQft OwOtond Bomb- 
ws 7, toft Brutes 24; Fta Fhrars 11, 
WMtay Wwrlors ft Nottlntaam Brottara 
6. Durham Wasps! Streatsam Redskins 
1, Murravted Bscws ft Dundee flockats 
6. Rh mars. 4; Dutam W«sp4 16, 
Cleysiand Bomtara 4- Notengtam Pan- 
thers 4> Straattiam Redkms O; r 

VUtov li. 

Btockpool Seagub 4: Oxtord Cfty Stas 6. 
“ amos 1ft Atotecham Aces S. 
ft Rtotanood Flyers 3, 

Bounamouth Stags 1ft SoBtel Barons 

16, Trt^l l ^yi ^ Soutta'npton vadngs 

lytustfer. Moumam, . British 
Cbtmibia fAfO r* Maifaft 
Wasmeier, of wfcft Germany, 
won the World Gbp^ supergiam 
slalom here 'oti Sunday by neady 
two. seconds to take me season's 
title with 105 points from five-, 
races. Pimria- .Znzfariggen, »• 
Switzertand, who cortid lave 
cangfit Wasmeter-with a victory 
jf the German had .finished out 

oftire top 1$ yos ninth mlmm 

45-69s«c, compared with foe 
winner's -basis 43^3scc, and 
fimshed with 67 points. 

It was tbe second super-gizm 
rialoar vtousry oCthe season for 

Wasmeiez; who abo has two 

seconds and ft 6 hkL' Martin 
ffeagL of Swrtanfond. was seo- 
oadut lnrin 44 94sec with Peter 

Rmfr of^est GttmaBy, third 

mTtn&i45.253ac.;’ : 

nrabLtft 1. w 


OWHrtU. l*tau1nONS: 1, 
*fc.'4L «33 l 5ft S. P 
^ tf,««nQL34c7.Etar.30: 

i ftabntiPtalfaQtad Enn, 2ft «L 

L M1fJU£Mr23rt2.K 

AS.Tlbmar. 2D: U. 

• VjtfL- h^nara Kichl, of West 
Germany^ c ap t nre d the 1986 
women’s Wood Ctq> super-want 
ddom mtft wtnnn^ the final 
evem^Of-fife seasoih on. Sunday 
tar J9t24sec over Austria's Anita 
wte«!HAFreport5). ‘ ■ 

. KichL. maintaining an aero- 
dynamic tuck and keeping her 
skis flat bn tbe snow- for-raost of 
her run, was tuned ;at Itnia 
23.4Qscc. . - - . 


jauna* i, *t fatal iwgl nra 

■ft* 2. fWatar^ni^ jft2U4: 


,t . 

wan mosmal: ml 1 9 

tAwwto) »d c Quittet (m, iA45ft 

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Ctarv«owyC^l:24Jl;1 1.V VUzttam 

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lasjft 15, E Haas (SwCA 

Kal^voiau, pom*** t. kml 

Ctarwtow. jn; «qwtf_7, A-FTteyjFr), 

South Korean Sports Minister. 
Park Seh-jik, has been ntade 
acting president of: the - Seofa 
Olympic Organ bungCommittee 


Ball Park set to roll as 
lies builds a dream 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

Clay Hes never had enough 
muscle to break through the 
upper crust of British tennis. 
That was almost 20 years ago. 
He has since made a name for 
himself as an Eastbonme-bascd 
coach with an entrepreneurial 

Now his experience and 
enthusiasm are. to be poured into 
a dream. Des is to be Erector of 
sport at the six-ncre Ball Park, a 

£2 milli on indoor tennis and 
leisure complex alongside a 
station (first stop on the London 
line) at Eastbourne's Hampden 
Park, already a popular sporting 

The complex, to be opened 
early next year, wiB have 11 
lands courts (six of them in- 
doors), seven badminton courts, 
four squash courts, six snooker 
tables, a gymnasium, space for 

“short" teams and a wealth of 
other health and social ame- 

Aft another - director, Bryan 
Ram. pointed oat yesterday, the 
United Kingdom lags well be- 
hind mainland Europe in terms 
of indoor sports facilities. The 
BaD Park will help to dose the 

Hes has often been asked what 
is wrong with British twioh. 
"The problem,” he rei terated 
yesterday, “lies with the dubs. 
In general they are not as 
attractive, inviting and exciting 
as they should be. But they are 
the basis of the game and we 
have to get that basis right. The 
Ball Park will give me an 
opportunity to run a tennis chib 
as I think a dub should be run" 

After much research the sur- 
face lies chose was a. medium- 
paced velour carpet made in 
Germany. The structure of the 
two-storey premises, from Bel- 
* m, will consist of fcunznated 
iber — pre-fahrkatfed so ita* 
there should be bo difficulty 

about building, the place within 
foe scheduled eight months. 

-The outdoor courts should be 
ready by August Tbe entire 
v en t u re is the first Mg step 
towards convert in g two square 
miles of low-grade agricultural 
land, most of it privately owned, 
into recreational parkland with a 
strmg of lakes. 

The Ball Park is h a ppening 
because tbe plans of the force 
founder directors fitted neatly 
into foe coundTs wider scheme 
for the future park. More than 
three years ago two local busi- 
ness experts, Rem and Janet 
Cropper, discovered that Des 
shared their vision of the future. 
Eastbourne Council supported 
foe- scheme, which is 

privately funded by a leisure 
■ty group, T: 

property group, Tajrtor-Clark, 
with the help of a £1 48,006 grant 
from foe English Tourist Board. 
Eastbourne Council have gives 
foe owners a 125-year lease. 

Maurice Sk&toa, foe council 
leader, said yesterday that there 
would be no cast to ratepayer. 
There will be proriskm for daily 
membership of the Bail Park but 
the basic rate fir permanent 
membership wifi be £60 a year 
for tbe.Dse of the sodaL snooker 
and health dob amenities. Foil 
membership, covering all activ- 
ities, will be £200 a year. 

Devonshire Park, Eastbourne, 
has a c com m o da ted tennis tour- 
naments fin even longer than the 
present premises at W i mb l ed o n 
but, as we discovered only tart 
year, the scarcity of local indoor 
uafftiescan he a nuisance when; 
rain; interferes with Davis Cup 
ties. Should that taappenagtfft 
the teams need only head for foe 
carpeted comforts of the Ball 
Park. As for the rert of tes. there 
will be yet anoeber inducement 
to point foe car towar ds dear old 

Ent ert ainm ents 



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’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC 1 

MO Ceofax AM. 

BrtaWwrtThno with Frank 

!' r, r 1* 

"** w'!*- 

.On-.J^l* 55 ’ 7 ’ 25 - 7 *. 
S25 and &S5; regional 

news, weather and traffic 
*27; national and - 


’ .*'1 


sport at 7.20 and *20; and 
a review of the morning 
newspapaiaiat*37. Plus, 
" an analysis of the options 

open to the Chancellor in 
-bis budget; Debbie 

- Greenwood canvasses 
views of the British 

* economy from our EEC ’ 
partners; ttie young 

person's and adulfs ' 
n " es; ^ 

_ TitChmafsh's gardening 
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*•» Cjffta 1*30 Pbry School 
• - lOSOCeofu. 

, 1*30 News After Noon with 
' ' Frances Corvardale and 

- David Davies. incudes 
news headlines with 

- ' subtitles 1255 Regional 

• news. The weather details 
- -- come from Ian McCaskffl. 
tt» PofaU* MU atone. 
Josephine Buchan 
.interviews actor Richard 
.Kiel, best known as the ' 
Iron-Jawed villain of James 
Bond films, in another of 
her reports from 
California; and artist 
Ashley Jackson examines 
actress Patsy Rowlands 's 
pastel painting techniques. 
- 1.45 Chock-a-BJocfc. (r) 
ZOO The Goode Kitchen. 
Shirley Goode prepares 
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she conjures up 

- -marmalade, peanut butter 
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- Programme. Francis 
Wilson and Miriam O'Reffly 
with advice on choosing 
the sort ofchM -minding 
best suited to both parent 

. and child 230 Ceefax. 

3.00 Budget 88. David 

Dimpteby introduces live 
coverage of Mr Lawson's 
third budget. Sir Robin 


::: s- 

• --m •&*. 
.* * 


politicians before and 

- after the Chancellor's 

- ■ speech; Peter Snow 
anatyses the effects of 
. the Chancellor's 
-measures on industry, 
taxpayers and 
consumers; Nick Clark 

and Mark Rogerson 

gauge City reaction; and 
Olivia O'Leary hears from 
the smokers, the . ■ 
drinkers, and the drivers. 

*40 The Pink Panther Sttow. 
Three cartoons. (i) 

Gw00 News with Sue Lawfey and 

• Nicholas Witch ell. 

. . . weather. 

GJS London Phis. 

7JM Hoflday. introduced by 
' COtf Michetmore. John 
Carter reports on the 
* deUghts of Bali: Tom 
■ Savage skis In the French 
Alps resort of La Clusaz; 
and Bill Buckley goes 

• . ballooning in Berkshire. 

7JCL EastEndeo. Michelle is 

feeing depressed. • 

' ' (Ceefax) 

. Sjxr ongtiy Oorfha vtUagers 1 
concern about w*f -- -- 

animals roaming around fit- 
. • heightened wh«l an ' 
anknai fanatic, who 
bebeves he can talk to 
Cons, decides to enter 
their compound- (r). ; 

8JrO joints Jf View with Barry ’ 

200 News wfth Julia Somenrife 
and Andrew Harvey; 

230 Budget 86. TftaChanceltor 
explains his measures. 

240 Hideaway. The final 
episode and Defective 
Sergeant Adams is closing 
• in bn Colin. Starring Ron 
Moody and Ken 
. Hutchison, (see Choice) 

. - (Ceefax) . . 

1230 Fftm BS. Barry Norman 

- reviews Clockwise and No 
Surrender; previews 
Absolute Beginners; looks 
at a history of Royal film 
Parfonrances; and . 
predctstWs year’s Oscar 

11.00 World Figure Skating 

- Championships. The 

Pairs Free Programme, 

. . introduced by Alan Weeks 
from Geneva. ' 

11.40 Weather. 


6.15 GoodMomi.^ 
presented by 
Diamond and Nick. Owen. 
with Gordon Honeycombs 
at 230, 7.00, 7.30,200, 
230 and 200; sport at- 
235 and 7.34; regional 
report at 7.15; cartoon at 
7^; pop video at 7^4; 
fflm review at 234; Moya 
Doherty's reunions at 
845; and a British Fashion 
Week special at 204. 


225 Thames news headlines. 

230 For Schools: How to 

describe things accurately. 
For the hearing impaired 
250 The natural history of 
the sea-shore 1209 How 
posters and pictures are 
printed 1026 German 
language for beginners 
1048 Politics: Britain's 
responsibilities In an 
interdependent world 
11.12 The rote of 
computers 1 1.27 The 
miracle of human 
reproduction 1144 The 
battery powered C5. 

1200 Button Moon. Puppet 
adventures of the Spoon 

family 1210 Rainbow. 
La^okigv^Tp^pets. (r) 

1.00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1 20 Thames news. 

1 JO The Adventurer. Gene 
Barry stars in the title role, 
this week solving the 
mystery of a Russian icon 
In an Italian castle, and 

a countess to 


id by Don 

tadean. The guests are 
Patti Boulaye and BUI 

230 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chalrs-a studio discussion 
on a topical matter. 

3.00 Budget 'K. Live coverage 
of the Chancellor's 

met Carol 
. Barnes gauges industry 
and union reaction; 
Atastair Stewart explains 
the measures outlined; 
and Pamela Armstrong 
gets the reaction of the 
man in the street 
545 News with Michael 

200 Thames news. 

225 Reporting London 
presented by Michael 
BarratL The results of an 
opinion pod on what the 
public thinks should 
happen to the Lambeth 
coundUors who face the 
threat of disqualification 
and bankruptcy over the 
rates. Pius, the benefits of 
community architecture. 
74)0 Emmerdaie Farm. A 
■■■ chance meeting rocks 
- Matt SkHbeck. 

7.30 Busmen'e Hofiday. Julian 
' Pettifer presents another 
roundof the quiz game for 
teams. (Oracle) 

200 Magnum. Part one of a 
two-episode adventure In 
which the private . 

with a 

who - - 
evesiierJife is to : 
danger. StarringTom 

200 Boon-TWs week, the 

freelance troubleshooter Is 
given aterge sum of 
money by a bookmaker in 
exdianga for tracking 
down two brothers who 
have disappeared. 


1200 News «r Tart wWiAfastelr 
Burnett and Pamela 
Armstrong. Weather, 
followed tty Thames news 

10.30 The Budget The 

Chancellor' explains the 
measures he announced . 
this afternoon. 

1040 ice Skating. The Men's 
Short programme and the 
Pair's Free programme 
from the World Figure 
Skating Champtonshipe in 

1140 Fftrc Flat Two* (1962) 
starring John le Mesurier 
as a bartstsr who 
becomes involved in the 
murder of a professional 
ir. Directed by Alan 

1240 Night Thoughts. 

Jonathan Miller traces mmiVimf 
in Origins (BBC2&30) 

• ORIGINS (BBC 2 230pm) 
is a two-hour blockbuster - with a 
five minute interval at 9.30pm 
- about evolution. Dr Jonathan 

Milter Is our host, bidding 

hard for the right mix of 
informality and authority as 
he pads'a vast studio set that 
could have been left over 
from one of his BBC 
Shakespeares but in fact was 
specialty created for the 
occasion. If anyone wonders, 
it is meant to represent pan of a 

soon fri es 'tooverwha Im us with 
the enormity of the subject 
letting it drop that no fewer than 
1 80 scientists were consulted 
In the making of the programme, 
before introducing the first of 
16 film reports on the latest state 
of research. Ranging over 
Darwin and the Lascaux cave 


paintings and a possible new 
explanation tor the tragedy of cot 

to wte on. though at the end of it 
the non-spedalist may be 
pardoned for a slight feeling of 


9.40prn) reaches Its final 
episode, with police and 
fellow villains dosing in our 
fugitive hero. Though lacking 
the imaginative power of Edge of 
Darkness or. thankfully, the 
exoesses of Dead Head, it has 
been a distinguished thriller 
on several counts. There is 
effective use of locations, 
contrasting the idyllic Derbyshire 
bunkhoie with me harsher 

landscapes of the metropolis, a 

sharp script by Charlie 
Humphreys and 3 nicely 
differentiated bunch of 
performances, among which Ron 
Moody's cheerfully self- 
mocking copper stands out. The 
pny of me enterprise has 
been its lurches into thuggish 

GODALMING (Radio 4. 8.30pm] 
is a smashing little feature 
about the true case of a simple 
country girl who in 1 726 
shocked and puzzled the nation 
by apparently giving birth to 
rabbits. The leading satirist of the 
day. Jonathan Swift mocked 
tne episode in characteristic 
style, suggesting that any 
doctor, wonh his name would 
have smelt not a rabbit but a 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2. 

255 Open University: Science - 
Spreading Oceans. Ends 
at 7 jo. 

200 Ceefax. 

220 Daytime on TVmx tor 
moderately mentally 
handicapped young adults 
9.35 Spain and Spanish 
252 Maths: volume and 
balance 10.15 The Boy 
From Space, by Richard 
Carpenter 10JB The 
competition facing the 
British car Industry 114)0 
Popular children's games 
of 80 years ago 11.17 
Finding subjects for 
drawing in ok) machinery 
. 11.39 Tne nature and uses 
oflpolymers 1200 French 
language version of. The 
. Year of the French 
programme about a 
Breton country priest 
' 12J30The final programme 
to the German language 
course for beginners 1255 
Ceefax 1.20 French 
language 24)0 For four- 
ana five-year okfs 215 
Turning valleys into 
reservoirs 240 Solving the 
energy problem. 

3.00 Ceefax 252 Regional 

255 Pigeon Street A See-Saw 
programme for the very 
young, (r) 44)5 Laurel and 
Hardy. *15 Jackanory. 
Michael Palin reads part 
two of Roald Dahl's 
Charlie and the Chocolate 
Factory 4.25 Bananaman 
4J0 Think !t~Da ftl 
Johnny Ball explores jobs 
for the future. 

54)0 John Craven's 

Newsround 210 Grange 
HUL Episode 21 and it is 
examination time: (Ceefax) 

5.35 News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

240 100 Great porting 

Moments. The final of the 
1977 Norwich Union Table 
Tennis Championships. 

200 No Limits. Tony Baker and 
Jenny PoweH visit Oxford 
where they discover how 
the students enjoy 
themselves; see the local 
speedway team In action; 
and go to the ice-skating 

250 Jonl Jones. Part four of 
- the five-episode drama 
and Joni discovers, and ' 
befriends, an escaped' 

7.25 Cartoon Two. The Story of 
Little Rabbit and Kg 

7 JO The Money Makers. A 
profile of Hong Kong - 
businessman Stanley Ho 
has made a fortune 
to the Chinese 
passion for gambling. 

200 South East Reports. Peter 
Marshall investigates the 
problem of London's 
young homeless. 

230 Origins; the Genesis of 
Life, Man and 
Inteffigance. Dr Jonathan 
MiBer explores the story of 
where life came from and 
how man evolved, from 
the Big Barm' to the 
present day. There Is an 
interval at; 

230. (see Choice) 

1045 Budget 82 The 

Chancellor explains his 
measures announced this 

1045 NewsnighL A Budget 
night sf&cial, presented 
by Donald MacCormick. 

1145 Weather. 

11.40 Open University: 

Education - Can You Hear 
Me? Ends at 1212 




240 Film; Baby Face* (1933) 
starring Barbara 
Stanwyck. George Brent, 
John Wayne ana Donald 
Cook. Drama about a 
ruthless woman who is 
determined to rise above 
her humble status by fair 
means or foul. Directed by 
Alfred E Green. 

345 Years Ahead. Magazine 
programme for the older 
viewer, presented by 
Robert Dougall. Robert 
Carvefi talks to Sue Ward, 
an expert on Euro- 
pensions, about the 
pension levels of various 
groups of pensioners, and 
identifies areas of greatest 

440 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Leonard Southall. 

5.00 Bewitched. Darrin's 
mother-in-law puts a spell 
on him which results in his 
earcyjirowing at every lie 

230 More Than Meets the Eye. 
Sue Phillips continues her 
series on flowers and 
flower arranging with a 
look at the American 
Abstract style of 
arrangement In the 
studio, Pamela South uses 
beer cans, bricks and 
plastic to create unusual 
arrangements. (Oracle} 

*00 Pop the Question. Pop 
music quiz. The regular 
team captains, Chris 
Tarrant and David 
Hamilton, are joined by 
Suzi Quatro, Dave Wolfe, 
John Blake and Meg Nicol. 

230 Dengar Man* British 
Intelligence agent John 
Drake is sent to Italy to 
see if a cipher dark, 
employed at the United 
States embassy fn 
London, really is going to 
meet her fiance. 

7.00 Channel Four news wfth 
Peter Sissons and Aiastair 
Stewart An extended 
version to include an in- 
depth analysis ot the 
Chancellors measures 
outlined this afternoon. 

84)0 Brooksido. Sheila realises 
that Matty is taking mors 
. than a passing interest in 
Mo; while Sandra is forced 
to caii in the pest control 
men when she tspTagu&T 
by cockroaches. 

230 4 WhatlfaWorlh. 
introduced by Penny 
. Junor. John Stoneborough 
investigates the plight of 
investors who lost a total 
. of £6% million when Signal 
Life went bust; Bill 
B reckon -discovers if you 
really do get a bargain 
when buying a car 
overseas; and Oavld 
Stafford discovers the 


( Radio 4 ) 

On long wave. For VHF, see end of 
Radio 4 listings. 

5L55 Stepping. 200 News. 
Weather. 210 Farming 
Today. 225 Prayer for the 

6J0 Today, ted 230. 740, 

8 JO News. 245 
Business News. 255, 745 
weather. 7JDD. 84)0 
News. 740 Letters. 745, 

225 Sport 745 Thought 
for the Day. 235 Yesterday 
in Parliament 257 
Weather Travel. 

200 News 

&0S Tuesday Call: 01-580- 
4411. Listeners can 
• express thek views, and 
question experts, on the 
subject of bereavement 
1*00 News; from our own 
correspondent Life and 

g atocs abroad, reported by 
BC foreign 
- correspondents. 

1*30 Morning Story: Making 
Friends by Nora 
Windndge. Reader June 

1045 Daily Service (sV 
114)0 News; Travel; Insh 

Drama: The Ornamental 
Pear Tree by Harry Barton. 
With Doreen Hepburn, 

Maggre Shevfln am) S. J. 

1143 The ^ rig World .News 
ot wildlife and the 
countryside. With Peter 

1240 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice, with 
Pattie Coldwall- 
1227 My Word! Panel game 
with DiJys Powerfand 
Frank Muir challenging 
Victoria Gendin ning and 
Danis Norden (s). 1255 
Weather. Travel. 

140 The Work) at One: News 
1.40 The Archers. 145 

200 News; Woman's Hour. 
Includes a feature about 
dumsiness, and episode 7 of 
The Aspem Papers. 

340 News: Lord Banymore's 
Pigeon. The story of the 
rook, presented by Caroline 

215 PM Budget Special. The 
Budget speech direct 
from the House of Commons 
with expert comment 
throughout the afternoon; 
230 The Chancellor of 
the Exchequer. Nige! 

Lawson, MP. 540 
Shipping. 545 Weather. 

640 News; PM i 
Special, Ind. I 
Financial Report 230 
■■ Round-up ortheTBBtof' 
the news. 

7.00 News 
745 The Archers 

7.20 File on 4. Helen Boa dan 
spotlights a major issue 
of the day. 

8.00 Medicine Now. With 
Geoff Watts. 

840 The Tuesday Feature: 

The Rabbit Woman of 
God aiming. The story of a 
young woman in the 18th 
century who was rumoured 
to have given Ctinti to 
several rabbits. With Robert 
Lang and Jane Leonard. 

*00 In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap. 

9.30 More Wrestling Than 
Dancing. David Moreau 
on five attempts to come to 
grips whh Lite. 

245 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the film 
Young Sherlock. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy written and 
read by John le Carre (2). 

10.29 Weather. 

10.30 The World Tonight 

10.40 The Budget A statement 
by the Chancellor of the 
Exchequer. Nigel Lawson. 


1*50 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1140 Today in Parliament 

1200 News: Weather. 1243 


VHF (available in England and 
S. Wales only) as above 
except 545-200am Weather; 
Travel. 11.00-1200 For 
Schools: 1140 Time and Tune 
(s). 11.20 Time to Move. 

11 .40 Musicianship: Early 
Stages (s). 145- 340pm 
For Schools: 145 Listening 
Comer 205 History: Not 
So Long Ago. 245 Contact 

2.40 Pictures in Your Mind 
(Stones). 215-545 The 
Budget. 1140-1210 Open 
University. 1140 Open 
Forum. 1140 Continental 
Drift. 1230-1.10 Schools 
Night-time Broadcasting: 

English Resources: 16 Plus. 
1230 Wordsworth. 1240 
The Bronte Sisters. 

C Radio 3 ) | 

255 Weather. 7.00 News 

7.05 Morning 

(Concerto Grosso in D 
mmor), Mozart (aria:BeBa 
mia fiamma. addio : Kiri Te 
Kanawa.soprano). Gluck 
(Dance of Blessed Spirits: 
Rachmanlnov.prano rod), 
Spohr (Octet in E major. Op 
’ 32). 8.0QNews 

*05 Morning Concert (contd); 
Sibelius (Karelia suite). 

Berwald (Piano Concerto in- 
D major: MtgdaLsotoist). 
Grieg (cantata:. 


ling. Op 31: 

Hansli. baritone). Sven risen 
(Norwegian Artists' 

Carnival). *00 News 
*05 This Week's COmpQWr: 
©azusrtov.. String 
Quartet No 3 in G. Op 26, 
Two songs. Op 27:Keyte. 
bamongjTviolin Concerto in A 
minor, up 82: 

10.00 DoublB ConcertOSiBach 
(BWV1Q61 also in D 
minor, BWV1043) 

1045 Sacred and 

Profane:Faure (Pavane. 

Op 50) and Poulenc (Stabat 
Mater BBC Stngers.BBC 
Concert Orchestra) 

11.15 MediO Stnng Quartet: 

James Patten (String 
Quartet No 1). Ravel (Quartet 
in F) 

1210 Midday Concert BBC 
Scottish SO (under 
ZoUman). with Heather 
Coroeit, marimba and 
vibraphone. Part 1. A Liber 
(Bronze Horse overture), 
Milhaud (Concerto for 
marimba and 

vibraphone). Colin Matthews 

K Music). 140 News 
irtpart 2. 

Tchaikovsky (Symphony 
No 1) 

140 Guitar Encores: Biot Fisk 
plays works by 
Frasobakti. Bach and VHla- 
Lobos .including Fisk's 
arrangement of Bach's 
Adago and Fugue. 

Sonata in C major. BWV 

240 Schubert, Hans Gal and 
Bruckner Schubert 
(Symphonic movements by 
Newboukf). Gal (Oboe 
Sonata: Hulse. with Ian 
Brown^tiano). Bruckner 
(Symphony No 6) 

440 Kontra Sgring Quartet 
works by Langgaard 
(Quartet No 3. 1924) and 
Nielsen (Quartet No 4). 

445 News 

540 Mainly for Pleasure: Fritz 
Spiegl with another 
programme of recorded 

*30 French Secular Music: 

New London Consort in 
14th century works 
7.05 German opera after 
Wagner Franz 
Sch raker's Der 
Schatzgraber. In four 
acts, with prelude and 
epiloque. Sung in 
German. Austrian Radio SO 
(under Lothar 

Zagrosexj/Vlenna Academic 
Choir, and soloists 
including Ana Pusar. Josef 
Pratschka. Heinz Zedntk 
and Alfred Muff. Prelude and 
acts 1 and 2 

840 Letter from Budapest by 
George Szirtes. a 
Hungarian poet, living in 

*40 Dor Schatzgraber. third 
and fourth acts, and 

1040 Magnum Opus: Keith 
Tippett Septet play 
Tippett's Thoughts to Geoff. 
Dedicated to Mingus, 
and Sketch 2. Also, a loose 
kite in a gentle wind 
floating with only my win for 
an anchor 

1147 News. 1200 Closedown. 
VHF only; Open 
Universrty.From ( 

Modem Art: Pissarro. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. VHF at end 
of Radio 1. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
540am, 640pm, 740 and *30. 
Sports Desks 1,05, 242. 20* 

4.02, 5.02 642 *45 (mf only). 


4.00am Colin Berry fs). 6.00 
Ray Moors (SL 845 Ken Bruca (s)- 
1*30 Gloria Hurmlford (s). 

1.05pm David Jacobs (SL 340 
Budget special with Jimmy 
Young and Dominick Harrod (s). 
200 Bob Hotness (S). 8.00 Old 
Stagers: Hutch (s). *30 The Golden 
Years (Alan Keith) (s). *00 BBC 
Radio Orchestra (s). 945 Sports 
Desk. 1*00 The Law Game. 

William Franklyn. Jean Rook and 
Nine) Tees give their verdict on 
some tricky lew cases. With Shaw 
Taylor. 1040 Dealing with 
Daniels. Paul Daniels, with John 
Junkrn, Armeka Rice and 
Duggie Brown. 11.00 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight). 
1.00am Peter Dickson presents 
Nightnda (s). 200-440 A Little 
Night Music (s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medum wave. VHF 
variations below. 

News on the half-hour from 
640am until 940pm and at 1200 

640am Adrian John. 740 Mike 
Read. 940 Simon Betas. 1240pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Patridge). 

12.45 Simon Mayor (this week's top 
40). 200 Steve Wright 540 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge). 245 

Bruno Brookes (incl at 6.^0, top 
40 singles chart). 740 Janice Long 
incl at 940 John Walter's Diary. 
1*00-1240 John Peel (s). VHF 
radios 1 & 2 440am As Radio 
2. 1*00 As Radio 1. 12. 00-4. 00am 
As Radio 2. 


640 NevrtdMk 7.00 News 7.00 TWarty- 
Four Hours 730 My Country in Mind 745 
Network UK 840 World News 848 
Reflections 8.15 l Wish I'd Mat 830 The 
Music of Richard Rodney Bennett *00 
News 849 Review of me British Press 
*15 The World Today *30 Financial 
Nows *40 Look Ahead *45 What's New 
1040 News 1041 Discovery 1030 Pride 
and PreMdtca 11.00 News 1149 News 
About Britain 11.15 Waveguide 1135 
Letter from Scotland 1240 Ra<*o News- 
reel 12.15 The Wind Dom Blow 1*45 
Sports Round-up 140 News 149 Twenty 
Four Houre 130 Network UK 1.45 
Recoiling of the Week 2.00 Outlook 245 
English Sang 340 Radio Newsreel 3.15 A 
Jody Good Show 440 News 449 Com- 
mentary 4.15 Omnibus 445 The World 
Today 540 News 549 A Letter From 
Scotland 5.15 Meridian 840 News 849 
Twenty Four Hours *15 International 
Racmd 1040 News 10.09 The World 
Today 1035 A Letter from Scotland 1030 
Financial News 1040 Reflections 1*45 
Sports Round-up 1140 News 1149 
Commentary 11.15 Tbs Classic Albums 
1130 The Wind Doth Blow 1*00 News 
1249 News About Britain 12.15 Rada 
Newsreel 12-30 Omnibus 1.00 News 141 

Waller Matthau 
(Channel 4, 9pm) 

. Pnde and Preiuace 340 News 349 News 
About Britain 3.15 The World Today 330 
Dscovery 440 Newsdesk 430 wave- 
guide 440 Book Chocs 5.45 The World 
Today (an tows nGMT) 

To be in 

Picture* (1982) starring 
Walter Matthau, Anrv 
Margaret and Dinah 
Manhoff. A NeiLSimon 
comedy about a once 
successful film scriptwriter 
who, 1 6 years ago left his 
wife and children to 
pursue his career in 
Hollywood. His 19-year old 
daughter arrives rn tinsel 
town bent on becoming an 
actress and intent on 
finding the father who 
abandoned her. Directed 
by Herbert Ross. 

114)0 The Tube. A repeat of test 
Friday's programme. Ends 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1rt053kHz/285m;1089k Hz/27 5m; Radio 2 G93kHz/433fn; 909kH/433nr. Radio 3: 1215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
925; Radio *- 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: 1152kHz/261m; VHF 97-3; CapKafc l54flkHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94.9; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

RRC1 .WALES 53Spm-640 
BSsJL Wales Today S35-740 The 
Chns Stuan Cha Ch Chat Show S.4C- 
1*30 GJben and SuBvan Night 1140- 
1145 News and weather. 

SCOTLAND I030am-1030 Dotaman 
635pm-740 Report ngScottend . 
NORTHERN IRELAND b-40pm-640 In- 
srte Ulster 835-740 Taka One 
1140-1145 News and weather. EN- 

GLAND 1240- 1230pm East oo Two 
(East only) 536-740 Regional naw i 


£5s£ crer Nature. SCOTLAND 
8 40pa>-830 Prosbeia. ENGLAND 
East. The Evacuees. taX-ANDS Body 

Tak. NORTH Garoenere' Direct Lme. 


The Past In Focus. SOUTH Exploring 

Gartens. SOUTH-WEST Antiques At 

Home. WEST A38: An Engtish Roed. 


. . wntry Practice 
640 Coast to Coast 635 Pofica 5 
635-740 Crossroads 1140 Victims 
12.10am Company. Closedown. 

Tl/C AS London 
1 News I 

TS W A* London except: 

-- -■ 1230pm- f 40 WKRP hi 

Ondnatil 130 Newa 130340 Sk 

mg 6JM Today South West 835 
Tmavtows 1*16 Ctosedown. 



Gam&mna Time IMJMlca Skat- 
mg 640 News and Scotland Today 635 
Crossroads 7.00-730 Taka the High 
Road 840-940 Hotel 1 140 Late dan 
11.45 Mike Hammer 1240am 

HTV London 

U1jLJ!IE3LL «cept:130pm News 
130-240 Ice Skating 840 News 
635-740 Crossroads 840-940 Murder 
Sue Wrote 11.40 Man m a Suitcase 
1240am Closedown. 

HTV WALES A 5 HTvwest - 

n I V WW-CO except 930am- 
1240 Schools 640pm*35 Wales at 

BORDER As London 
Pv . rlMte -Li except:l30pm News 
130-240 k» Skating 640 
Lookaround 635-7.00 Crossroads 840- 
*00 Quincy 1140 Tales From the 
Darksde 12.10am News. Closedown. 

CENTRAL aggaopm-u, 

Gardening Time 130 News 130340 
ice Skating S40 Crossroads 635-740 
News 11.40 Ironside 1240am 

fSRANADA As London 
WSSsSSHn excepr130pm Grene- 
130 lee Skating 200- 


230 Thais Hqiywooo 640 
Reports 630 This is v 


^ Your Life 635- 

740 Crossroads 1140 Man m a Suitcase 
1240am Ctosedown 

I II BTER a* London 
UUO I CH except: ■! 30pm umchtme 
130340 Ice Skating 640 Good Eve- 
wig Ulster 6-^Djar^Datra 6JS-7.00 

Sweeney 1235am News. 


ANGLIA As London ex- 

cept~.1230 ptn-140 Gar- 
dens tor AS 130 News 130 ice 
SkatmQ 240230 Three UttlS Words 640 
About Angba 635 Crossroads 740- 
730 Mind Your Language 11.40 Legmen 
1235am Tuesday Top*, Ctosedown. 

mCMEJEES SiffrtStpm 

News 130-200 Skating 540 N«m- 
em Lite 635-7.00 Crossroads 1 1 40 Shet- 
ley 1240 Crunch Questions 1205am 


Gardening Time 130-240 k* Skat- 
ing *00 North Tomght 635 Crosaroads 
740-730 Snammy Dab 1140 New 
Avengers 1240am Nows. Ctosedown. 

CitP Starts 140pm Countdown 
SZ= 130 Alice 240 Hwm ac Yma 220 
Ffaiabalam 235 Hyn 0 Fyd2J6 Irmr- 
vai 335 Living Body 25s Shakespeare 
Lives 435 Bewitched 445 Harmar 
Awr Fawr 530 Unforgettable 640 Wto- 
StonChurehifl-thaVakam Years 630 
Crwydror Ciedrau 845 Sioe Stored 740 
NevmUun Sarth 730 Cafn Gwlad 
*00 Treasure Hunt *00 Deryn 1040 laeu 
Odoe a Heddiw 1030 About Men 
1130 F4m:The Raven’ 1235am 

CHANNEL *• London «• 

unHiincL copci30_pm News 

130-230 Coumiy Practice 640 
Channel Report 635-740 Crossroads 
11.40 The victims 1210am 


Calendar Limchiime Live 130 News 
130-200 Adventurer 640 Calendar 630- 
740 Crossroads 1140 V 1240am 

V ;• 




iSttKOX «» SBM M mai 17 
whk lowpow cmr wmixt - 

OOUSCUM S 836 3161 cx: !« 



Tomer T 30 Winn Brei lil U; 


CarOrn WC2. 01-240 
1066 /IP 1 I .-cx: sawBw mre 
Ol 836 6903. Mon-SiJ >Omn- 
• Bern, egaaiaet sea aiina fl jlwm 
IO n on the da Tto« op 
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From 29 Mar MEPHtSTO W 

aupt KixxichUar. 

by Bernard ranerance ton'L 
tootor. & Ture 7 JO. 


CredU canto 379 

at i hr Ptccad HU> Theatre Sun 16 
March at 7.30 TMs £S-£iO 



01-930 2ST3 FTrsi CNI 24 hour 7 

day cc bless 01-240 7200 

■Pal toil . IHUhS* “■ 


by CH A W FS WOOD, . 
Directed by HOM DANIELS 
Etw Mon-Fn ao SM 5 30 * 8 JO 

CDTTBLOC -S- 928 2252 CC 
iNdHna Theatre - * small audl- 
unlumt. Ton' 1 7 50. th en March 
21 A 22 FimnnVIA by Dusty 
HughM. Tobim. Thur 730. 

AMurforoo 17 

CttrmNM. & 930 3216 ^-379 
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0L636 6538/9 » Ol -5SOW 
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Maw el Mods Mar 24-29. 

DUCHESS WCZ 836 8243/240 
9648. First CHI CC 240 7200 
124 lire 7 daysj CC 379 6453 
"86b Larbey-b mrw oomedy. 


■rakes tne West End a warmer 

and more wonderful pbrrD Mdi 


Eves 8. Wed matt 3. Sato 6 4 8 30 



836 9837. 741 9999 Grp Sotos 

930 6123 First Call 24 nr 7 Day 

CC 2JO 7200 Eves B a 

Thu Mat 3. Sal B A 8 30 


HU Comedy by Richard Harm 
Directed ny Julia McKenzie 


Standard Drama Award 1984 
T Out -Had the audience yelling 
for more" O Mali “Mud surety 
lake the (own.. Co NOW" D Tel 
"Roan of approval" Times "lYfc 
going la lap.up.up forever" Now. 


Ol 83* 8108 01-240 9066 '7 
First Call 2d hour 7 day cc bfcfl 
200 7200 











Evas 8 a MJB Wed 3 O 
Sal 60 & 8.SO 

Group Sales 01-930 6i» 

JAN 1987 

Parly Ban* Available 

March |4 Mon ft i al 11.30 am 
Mermaid 236 8568 lor defatla 

Ol 409 0072 CC 379 6433 Eire 
7 45 Tue A Sal 300 *■ 7 OB 



Grp Bookum Ol -405 1567 of M- 
930 6123 (AMto- dady Id 8m 
OHIro iw rMurmi Pmud 
aopiicanoru now ueun accepted 
until AupnUI 30 

nmnME s cc 836 223 s 9 7«i 

9999. FITJt Can 24hr 7 day CC 
240 7200. Eve 8 Fn IBM 6 A 8.40 


Laurence OUttor Award 1984 


By John Codber 
**A (WBtracRRiL comr**s 

Tima. -SPLENDID" D Tel 
-One of me (onntoN and least pro- 

lenUous Mays you a re rear {Hna 


Ota " Exdtemenl and nuarlty. 

Pemiadma tne audience to dap 

and cheer- S Tel “ A JOT” S Exp 

OARRKK. S 014156 4601. CC. 
379 60333, CC 24 hr/7 day 240 
7200. Grp Sales 930 61 23. CvesB 
pm. Wed mat 30. Sal 5.0 and 8.0 


OLOKC 437 1592. First Call so hr 
7 day CC 940 7200. Grp Sales 
930 6123. Eire 8. Mata Wed 3. 
Sat 4. 



"aamwELY funny- f Tims 


A Comedy by hen Ludwig Direct 
M by David Gilmore. 


7785 Evenings 7A6 real Sal 

230 ONE OP US by ROOM 

"A capital 

««T D Tel --FascinaUnd—a 
vivid produOMn'' CuMylian- 


Box offICT * CC Ot 930 9832 Firs 

Can 24 hr 7 day cc bk9» 240 7200 






Cvpv 7 JO Mai Sat 2 30 

-8 928 2252 CC 

i National ThealreN open *lagei 
Tan-I 7 1 * then March 2b42o 
HOUHO tiv Tom Stpppart "Hh 
THE CRITIC by Sheridan 
Tomor 7 15. Thur 2.00 tlm* 
pnrr iwa» it 7 IS. then April a 
Ip 7 Y OMAHA* 

m MAJESTY'S 930 402S 
930 6606 CC Hotline 741 9999 
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ly taHarad t» aur jfclrt far 

D. Mail 



F.T. •*Th» 

Mail on sun. 

Evg& 7 JO Mato Wed 4 Sat at 3.0 







Prevlewv from April 22 
Hrel NNjtn May 7 
Telephone credi t boo king! now 
accepted on 457 7373. 43V 2DSS. 
734 8901 Flret Call 24 Hr 7 Dare 
CC Booking 240 720a Chp Salta 
930 6123 


2311 LAST WEEK- Eve* T.46. 
MalTocnor 2 30. Sal 4 00* 7.06 


From 3 April 


Eire 8pm prompt! Adrian 


From 10 April. 


LYRIC THEATRE Shaftesbury 
Avc wi 01-437 3686/7 01-434 
1050 OT Ol-dSd 1550 01-734 
3 1 DO/ 7 Firs! Cal) 24 heur 7 day 
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Directed by John Devter 
"CnWd willi lumullauB 
apptouK" Only Expm> 
Etta 7 30 saw *0 A- B.1S 
Wed Mall 3 0 
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LYTTELTON S' 928 2262 CC 
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Kami Toni 7.46. Tomor 2.1B 
f|p>* prtre mat) * 745 . then 
March 36 i 77 A March 29 A 
31 LOVE FOR U»VE by 


MAYFAIR S CC 629 303* 741 
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240 7200. Mon Thu 8 Fn Sat 
B 40 A 6 10 




The hB thriller Mr Richard Hams 
‘■The uni thriller lor yean" SMlr 
■■An unatoaned winner" S Exp 
■■a thriller that achieves it all" 
-•Sensational-- Times "The nwu 
ingenious mystery lo have up- 
peared in a decade" D Mail 

5tt> OREA T YEA R 


CC I no boMing fee) 

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direcied bv nil Bryden 
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CAR PARK next door 96e 
other hr T toowj vee National Th 

aMArrmSBUWT 379 S399 cc 
579 6433/74 1 9099 Firu Gall 
24 hr 7 day CC 240 7200. Grp 
Sahn 930 el23 Mon-Frl 8. 
wed mat S. Sal 8 A 8 30 
Prres Iron 28th May 

9091 cc Ol 6BO 6935 Fed 17 
GEE hi RASUCHT A Vlrwnan 
liinlier by Prter Whalley 


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seats days ol penv all theairev 
Iron, to am RESTAUMUfT .988 
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Grp sales 930 6IZ3. Previews 
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in Ike WeHh Na- 
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• produnion oi 


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CC Bodkintj 836 3464 Crp Sain 
930 6123 


Open» 14 May at 7pm 
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8681 2 CC HcUlnr Q1-93C 
0844 5 6 Group Sam OI-9SC 
6123. K. Prowl* Ol-74t 9999 
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Starring LULU 




"WupiImW EMwtalppttdtr S Tel 
“A Cta—lr ol il» hind" D. Tel 
“Dynamite" D Mail 
Now boot mg until April *26 

QUEEN’S 01-734 1 106 734 

1 167. 734 0261 734 0120. 439 
3849.4394031. Flrvl Call CC 34 
hr 240 7200 Grp Sain 4306123 
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COMEDY." 6 Tim 


A Now play by Ranald H i naiad. 
Directed by Peter Tata*. 

H a w axtandad until Jna ZB. 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1857. 
HEART la- Lam- Kramer Eve* 
8pm Sat Mato iron 29 March 
Jnre CHAPm GALA 2a 

278 8918 

OC 240 720. Eve*. 7 30. Sal Mato 
2 3a untu Sat 



-Reperca iforim id slardwn- today 
JEANNE The Moucal 
April to - May to 
American Ballroom Theatre, with 
the Pasadena Ron! Orchestra. 
Rosalind Newman 4 Dancers. Bill 
T Jane* A Arme Zane. Rlnn 278 
0856 for colour brochure 

SAVOY Bax Office OI 836 8888 
CC 01-379 6219. 836 0479 Evas. 
7 45. Matinees Wednesday 3 0 
Saturday s.o Be B » 

TOWN " S Times 16 2 86 






WMTEHAU. SWI . Ol -930 
7765 839 4458 tr Ol 379 

6569 6433 741 9999 Grpe Ol 
8363962 Mon-Frl 8.00. Wed MM 
3 00. Sato 5 00 A 8 30 









By J 8 Priestley 
Deeded by Rotuid Eyre 

WORLD- S. bprere. 

STRAND BMC Off 836 2660 FirW 
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mat 2 30 

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From 31H March ROMEO and 



From 26th April THE TWO 
Shakespeare/ Fletcher EVERY 
jomon. THE ROVER By Apnra 
Elehn For special meal < tneatrp 
deair and hotel slopoirr ring 
107891 67362 


“The verv bed M Britain's comic 
ralenT - Daily Mail 
See Amnasvadorv Theatre 
Stoe Criterion Theatre 
See wnuehall Theatre 
See Duchru Theatre 
See separate entry- 

VAUDEVILLE, WG2. Box Office 

and CC Ol 836 9987 5645 
First Can iGC 24 hm 
01240 7200 Evre 7 30 Wed 
Mats 2 50. Sals SO A 8 15 







D Mall 

VICTORIA PALACE 01 834 1317. 
Evp, 7.30 Mato Sat 2 45 



Te Me tMe fafcatew pre da cBen 

> April 28th forget 5atur> 
day*. PM Frida y , try ter Men- 

THu «»«n te«e Bex OMee epen 
MafUtey- Saturday 9am • 9pm. 
In OHlca abe epan Sande rs 
1 lam - 7pm for cradH cards Ma- 
p h sa e b oohl ny eoly. 

YOUNfi VIC 928 6365 CC 370 
o-i i3 UrilM. Ev re 7.30. RO- 
MEO A JULIET &4I 22 41 4pm 
MARATHON FTom March 26 

Until Sat Ei n 7.45 Mat Tomor 
2 15 Magna Carta prevent* 
Cterihe-e FAUST part l 
Tteereteire A hiahfo aniarialn. 
Inc" T Oof 







bajfWLtfl s .Mf ss.srs^B- a-aE ur ffass.^ss- »ti isi* 

40 SPOR1 


= Form of Hal 









From Michael Coleman 

From David Milter, Milan 

Draped from the upper tier 
of the San Siro stadium at the 
home matches of AC Milan 
are several Union Jacks, some 
20 feet by 10 feet with 
grimacing white skulls disfig- 
uring their centres. The signif- 
icance is not. strange to say. a 
silent epitaph to the dead of 
Brussels but an ingenuous 
warning to Milan's opponents 
of what will be done to them 
by their English expatriate 
heroes. Hateley and Wilkins. 

The incongruity of these 
pictorial slogans seems to 
have escaped the Milan sup- 
porters, who on Sunday eve- 
ning descended from their 
eyrie and regathered outside 
the main entrance in hundreds 
to give an ecstatic send-off to 
the lank-haired Hateley, who 
had just scored the two superb 
goals which pushed Udiuese 
nearer to relegation. 

Those goals, making him 
the dub's top scorer with 
seven, will do him no harm 
when Hateley negotiates, to- 
day or tomorrow, a contract 
for next season with Silvio 
Berlusconi, the television and 
newspaper magnate who has 
just bought his way into the 
dub with a £5 million invest- 
ment in the future. 

Nor will the goals do any 
harm to England's ailing 
World Cup prospects. Bobby 
Robson was yesterday delight- 
ed with the news of Hateley's 
return to form so quickly 
following his operation for the 
removal of tonsils which put 
him out of action for three 
weeks. The partnership of 
Hateley and Gary Lineker, of 
Everton. is one which might 
yet develop, even with time so 
short, into one as successful as 
that of Latchford and Keegan 
in 1979-80. 

As Robson said yesterday: 

and they are both quick and 
mobile. Hateley is intimidat- 
ing and difficult to handle in 
any circumstance, on the 
ground as weD as in the air, 
and he can be a foil for 
Lineker, who is getting belter 
all the lime. They are both 
young, willing, and fast, but 
the urgent need is for them to 
play together more." 

Wilkins and Hateley are 
confident they can obtain 
release for both England's 
remaining matches, next week 
against the Soviet Union (or 
the late replacement if that is 

off) and Scotland on April 23. 
The oartnershiD of Hateley 

“They’re potentially an ideal 
blend Hateley is left-footed 
and Lineker is right-footed. 

The partnership of Hateley 
and Lineker has. so far, been 
restricted to matches at home 
against Turkey and Finland 
and for an hour against Egypt 
before Lineker was taken off. 

What was especially signifi- 
cant about Hateley's goals on 
Sunday was his speed of 
thought and reaction. The 
first, from a centre from the 
left, touched forward between 
two defenders on the half- 
volley by Virdis, required 
Hateley to move left, swivel 
through 270 degrees, and hit a 
shot first time from an acute 
angle with considerable pow- 
er. For a big man, he did it 

"The second judged to per- 
fection, came as Hateley,. hav- 
ing drifted to the right of the 
penalty area, came back across 
the face of the defence to meet 
a cross from Evani with a 
header that flashed down past 
the diving Abate with the kind 
of finality which England will 
be requiring so sorely in three 
months time. 

A short while ago. John 
Charles, still feted in Turin for 
his treasured days as centre- 
forward of Juventus, tried to 
say inoffensively, when asked 
if Hateley was as good as he, . 
that it was .unreasonable to 
make a comparison. The 

Juventus of bis time, be 
added would have put four 
goals past the team which will 
play Barcelona in the Europe- 
an Cup tomorrow. 

Certainly Hateley is no 
Charles: tie is not a natural 
footballer. But the specialist 
virtues which he does have 
can cause panic to any defence 
in Mexico. “If Brazil had bad 
Hateley last Wednesday, they 
would have beaten West 
Germany," reflected Nils 
Liedholnt, Milan's veteran 
manager and the brains of 
Sweden's Wodd Cup team of 
1958. “He could play in 
almost any national side. 
There is no football where it is 
as difficult for a centre-for- 
ward as here in Italy, and his 
technique has improved a 

Hateley's comment is that 
the difference playing for Mi- 

. ■ •„!“ i. ! v O; :.•*■ 
r t •; k- '^ ■ 

r ‘j}k * r 
’ 'W # •* V' ' 

lan compared with England i$ : 
that Milan break much more 

that Milan break much more 
quickly, which gives markers 
less time to turn and necessi- 
tated a sweeper. The essential 
decision which Robson has to 
make for the partnership is 
whether to use a conventional 
style winger, such as Barnes, 
to utilize Hateley's head. 

Also heartening was the 
authority of Wilkins. Playing 
for his dub. he has a much 
freer role than with England, 
regularly moving forward into 
attack. His function in the 
World Cup team must surety 
be as the midfidd pivot. 

X. . 

, «*■>** £l\ 

* v ■ 

playing a holding role just in 
front of the back Tour. 

“England need to have 
someone who will stay there 
to give freedom to Bryan 
Robson and Hoddle. It is 
important to give security to 
the lack four when they are 
playing without a sweeper 
behind them. “It seems to me 
that either Peter Reid or I 
would fill this foie," Wilkins 

Fl’nr l' i'. Jt 

r ‘j ! : l 

|1 1 1 jh'M >! ; il i< j 

1 1 ^ ■' -1 1 - ;7j 




r- : 

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Looking to Mexico: Wilkins (left) andUateley hope to take theirltalian form with them. 

Imran says tour will go 
on despite incidents 

Colombo (Reuter) — Imran 
Khan, the Pakistan captain, 
said yesterday that the tour of 
Sri Lanka would continue 
despite an earlier decision fry 
his players to abandon it 
because of abase and alleged 
threats to their lives. 

He told reporters they had 
decided yesterday, the rest day 
in the second Test match, to 
quit the tour. He said the 
standard of umpiring in the 
two Test matches had led to a 
deterioration in relations be- 
tween the two sides and on- 
the-field incidents which had 
brought . threats and abuse 
from spectators. 

“However, in the larger 
interests of the game and after 
assurances from the president 
of the Sri Lanka cricket board, 
we have prevailed on the hoys 
to continue with the tour," 
Imran said. 

N Zealand French lends England a touch of class 


A 1 A Moseley, the Barbados-born since made his mark to the 

Australia Bnd&tam t _ fast bowler, next .season when north,, helping Ltotehorongh 

SCORES: Pakistan 132 (K 
KuroppuarachcW 5 tor 44) and 154 
for 9 (Qasim Omar 52; J R 
Ratnayafce 5 for 27h Sri Lamm 273 
(A Hanatunga 77. BOWLING: Imran 
27-5-79-2; Akram 28.3-9-57-4; 
Kamal 14-0-50-2; Mudassar 14-2- 
36-1; Tmmef 11-2-40-0; Saflra 2-0- 

• The Warwickshire wicket- 
keeper, Geoff Horn page, is to 
have a benefit in 1987. 

Auckland (Reuter) - New 
Zealand defeated Australia by 
eight wickets in the final Test 
match at Eden Park yesterday to 
win the three-Tcst series 1-0. It 
was only their second success in 
a series against Australia and 
enabled them to retain the 
Trans-Tasman Trophy they 
won when they beat Australia 2- 
I in Australia at the end of last 

Wright. 46 not but overnight, 
went on to his fifty in 195 
minutes, hitting five fours, 
butwas out for 59 shortly after 
completing a century partner- 
ship with Rutherford for the 
I second wicket. 

Rutherford was at the centre 
of an incident yesterday when 

From John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

Midway through the last 
afternoon Barbados, needing 
267 to record their third 
victory since the war over an 
England touring side, were 152 
for four. There have been 
times over the last 20 years 
when they could lay daim to 
being the strongest provincial 
side m the world. India would 

Glamorgan will call on Ezra 
Moseley, the Barbados-born 
fast bowler, next season when 
he is not required by his 
Lancashire League clnb, 
Lfttleboroogh. The move is 
designed to provide cover for 
Greg Thomas if and when he is 
on England Test duty this 

Moseley last played for 

Glamorgan in 1981 and has 
since made his mark to the 
north, helping Littieboro^h 
to win the Lancashire League 
championship last season 
when he took 120 wickets at an 
average of seven. 

is a real natmal, often; looking 
to improvise. He has a huge 
jaw, a wide and easy smile and 
a bottom that sticks higjh in the 
air as he stands at the wicket; 
but at 27 he is not a prodigy.. 
Nor is Johnson, who now took 
up the attack. Johnson was 


Glamorgan have re-elected 
Rodney Ontong captain for 
next seasoo. • 

considered to be one asa boy, 
when he bad a prolific record, 
but: he was kept out of the 
Barbados side far some years 

certainly support that, having 
lost three of their last four 

he was adjudged caught at the 
wicket by Zoehrer off Waugh for 
18 when the total was 62. The 
umpire. Roger McHarg, gave 
Rutherford out after consulting 
his colleague, Steve Woodward, 
at square leg. but the Australian 
captain, Allan Border, recalled 
Rutherford, when Zoehrer ad- 
mined that the ball had hit the 
ground first. 

John Brace we II, the New Zea- 
land off spinner, who took six 
wickets for 32 runs in Aus- 
tralia's second innings and 10 
for 96 in the match, was named 
player of the Test. It was New 
Zealand's fifth win over Austra- 
lia in 21 Test matches. 

^£1,000 .-£50,000 

Start a/hA 
& payout leu f 

A —and have 
V spare cash 
to buy what 
you want 

lost three of their last four 

England were going to have 
to bowl decently to win. The 
outfield was very fist, the pitch 
had little turn in it and an 
awkward bounce only for 
bowlers faster than those at 
Willey's command. It had the 
makings of a good day's crick- 
et, and there was a nice breeze 
to keep the palm trees on the 
move. The first wicket, after 40 
minutes' play, went to Taylor, 
who managed to extract a leg- 
before decision from two de- 
cidedly obdurate umpires. 
Inniss, the batsman, was play- 
ing his first first-class match. 

In the absence of Greenidge, 
Haynes and Marshall the last 
four days might have been 
expected to throw up some 
exciting new talent from this 
great nursery of brilliant bats- 

men and the fastest, bowlers; 
but that has not been the case. 
Even in West Indies, the young 
prodigy becomes scarcer as die 
game becomes fiercer and the 
pitches grassier. 

French had a hand in the 
next two wickets to fall In only 
his second match of the tour 
his wicketkeeping has been the 
best we have seen here, either 
for England or a gainst them. 
Dowmon has held his place for 
a long time now only for the 
runs tha t he might make, and 
for the moment these seem 
rather to have dried up. It was 
a joy to see from French a 
touch of wicketkeeping class. 

His catch to send bade 
G likes, off an attempted hook 
against Foster, was straight- 

forward; the one be took high 
above his head to account tor 

above his head to account tor 
Payne, also - off Foster, was 
excellent He made returns; to 
the wicket look better, not 

worse, than they woe. If merit 
is to be reward, the time has 
come to give serious consider- 
ation to including him in the 
Test side, starting in tomor- 
rows one-day intcrnationaL * 
At lunch Barbados were 80 
for three. Afterwards Gower 
came out as one of the two 
substitutes needed (for Gatting 
and Botham), though Willey 
continued in charge. The after- 
noon began with french taking 
a third catch, low down in 
front of first slip. It was given 
not out, though there was no 
doubt that it carried. Once 
again the umpiring has been 
largely' a matter of chance. 
Taylor bowled like a good pro, 
strict ofline and length. 

■ Best had begun to play very- 
well and had added 58 with 
Johnson, in good time, when 
he made room to force Ed- 
monds on to the off side and 
was bowled by a shooter. Best 

by older players and is now 32. 

BIGLAND: First Iratings 171 (VQream 5 

, Second tarings 

R T Robinson c Best b Green* . 

WN Stack b Rod i ; 

OMSmtfitowb Gamer : 

ft j tY; f-OO > i ‘ r ) f v 1 - T* I WM • .Jvl 

e . fjji \ 


PWBaybRett — : : 

ITBofom lbwbEsMck 70 

R M SfeoncReWb Oeene -45 

tB N French b Esttrt* — . 8 

PH Edmonds b Raid ; 20 

'N A FbsttrcBndbfiost 10 

L8Tmtornatotft — : — 0 

TOW Gatting absent tart — : ,i_ 0 

Bdrasflj7.nb4) : i. 11 

ToW ' L • 812 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-3S. 2-«7. 3-Utt 4- 
193. 5-240,6-256, 7-282. B-3T2, 9-312. 
BOWUNG: Gamer 16441-1 ;/EeMclc 22- 
1484; Greene 27-4444; IWd. 384-704;. 
Brows 1S-1-444; Best 53440-1; 
Reifer 2-0-84. 


BARBADOS: First Innings 217 (A Spaces 

.I, ll* ii - 


. . Secondftmhga 
A S GBces c French b Fo8& __ 


C A Bret 6 Edmonds 

tT FtO Payne c French bFbsw 
N Johnson not out — 


- Baras 

TOW (4 *fcts) 

FALL OF WICKETS: 142; 241. 3-71. 4- 
127- - 

UmpfcwrN Harrison and 3 Parts. 


NEW ZEALAND: First Imkus 2S8 (J V 
Ccwg93, j G Wr£it 58: G RJ Matthews 

flonnally payments are made monthly bat this easy to read 
plan nsss WEEKLY E01HVALEH7S 

Plan Amount Iflyis 
F £1300 EB.8B 

F £2.500 £11.41 

D £4,000 £16-23 

D EWH3Q £205 

0 £10.000 £35.71 

E £15.000 £53.50 

Second Innings 

J G Wight c Boon b Matthaus 59 

B A Edoarb Reid 1 

K n Ruftertad not out 50 

M O Crowe not out 23 

Extras (b 18. b 4, ife 5} , 27 

Total (2 wfcts] 150 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2-100. 
BOWLING: McDermott 144-294; Reid 
1244-30-1; Matthews 31-18-46-1; BngtrJ 
22-11494: Waugh 4-14-0. 

Umpires R L McHarg and S J Woodward. 

the air 

Age of Riessen 


Neck injury 



Nora Perry and Martin 
Dew, the two leading figures 
in the controversial players' 
petition to remove the En- 
gland manager, Jake Downey, 
seem certain to be asked if 
they will accompany the 
squad to the Thomas and 
Uber -Cup world champion- 
ships in Jakarta next month. 

iDtsreiQ may vary. Other aowonts and tspcrnml perisds (a request 

SPECIAL PLANS. We have other Plans for recent buyers of homes. 
incL Council houses, or in unusual circumstances. 

Also SELF-EMPLOYED SCHEME - up to £7.500. without accounts. 

property, mn value f 20.000. Efl. £ 10.000 over 60 

12.58 ■ n3.9M.80 total ind. capital. APR 14.9% 

D. £3,000 to £10.000, any purpose, secured on mortgage- 
, mm, value £20,000. Eij. £6,000 * 60 months ■* 
9.024.60 total. «nd. capital. APR 18.8% 

u.bOO to £25.000. any purpose, secured on property. Eg. 
x 60 months * £81.79 ■ £4907.40 total, ind. capita. 

APR 21.7% 

Aa mw w h i nm caas taw adnwa & i w mI w w _ 

■ ffiH i«l uwumm mttbs a* at 
£ irt tea ■ FHE£ Hitt* - mfiudawm^r ^ 


EM Indan sod CmA BnWn* HBiaowneii'Riangtjt 



mrrtmm mm 269964 ifno kfly 

wins again 

Dallas (Renter) - Martina 
Navratilova overwhelmed 
Chris Lloyd 6-2, 6-1 in the 
final round of the $250,000 
Virginia Slims women's tour- 
nament in Dallas, her seventh 
title in eight years. The 59- 
minute victory earned Miss 
Navratilova $40,000 with Mrs 
Lloyd taking $20,000. The 
top-seeded Miss Navratilova 
brake Mrs Lloyd’s serve in the 
first game, breezed through 
the opening set and then brake 
serve again in the first game of 
the second set 
Mrs Lloyd, the second seed, 
committed many unforced er- 
rors as she tried to pat 
pressure on the world's no.1. 

Spectrum, page 14 

Sporting dream, page 38 

The optimism was con- 
tained in statements yesterday 
after a meeting of players, Mr 
Downey and the Badminton 
Association chief executive, 
Air Vice-Marshal Larry 

Dallas (Reuter) — . Marty 
Riessen has been named coa- 
ch of the US Federation Cup 
and Wightman Cup teams. 
Riessen is boosted by the news 
that Martina Navratilova, a 
former citizen of Czechoslo- 
vakia. has agreed to play the 
Federation .Cup for the US in 
Prague in July. 

Forthe rest of the Taiwan 
squad, or to be correct the 
Chinese Taifrei Amateur Skat- 
ing Union — mainland China 
would object to the other title 
— it way to' be’ a week of 
looking, learning and helping, 
line for a Chinese take-away. 
Back home they would go on 
seardihK for space to -put 
down a foil size artificial rink 
they have: m store; Bat as 
Sharon Huang, their coach 
pointed out *ln Taiwan space 
is ata premium. We dotft have 
anywhere to put it" -\ 

Battle lines drawn, page 38 

stop Melville: > Olympic games 

Waiting game 

Dew: Jakarta bound? 

New travel dates are accept- 
able to both players, and it 
now seems likely that a selec- 
tor who has been a leading 
player will join the manage- 
ment. The only barrier is that 
the petitioners are adhering to 
their request for Downey’s 
switch to a coaching role. 

New chairman 

New system 

A four-point plan for a 
regional league system to op- 
erate beneath the existing 
National Merit Tables will be 
presented to the Rugby Foot- 
ball Union's annual meeting 
in July. An increase in the 
numberofdubs automatically 
entered in the John Player 
Cup is proposed. 

England are still awaiting 
official confirmation that next 
week’s World Cup warm-up 
game with Russia is on. The 
Foreign Office has told the 
Football Association that the 
weekend Tass report confirm- 
ing the game was on was 
“almost certainly correct" but 
there has still been no official 
word. England are insisting 
that the party fly back from 
Tbilisi without a stop-over in 

Nigel Mdvfile will not play 
again this season after sustain- 
ing a neck iqjury in France oh 
Saturday, bat the neurologist 
who examined him said that 
he need not retire from the 
sport. .Melville, the Bngiand- 
captain. returned from Paris 
after receiving his second neck 

Open Games 
plan under 

injury in months. 
He said yesterday; 

Operation hint 

Duncan Feamley. the crick- 
et bat-maker, is to be the new 
chairman of Worcestershire. 
Fearaley. bom in Yorkshire, 
played for Worcestershire 
when they won their first 
county championship in 1964 

Gone west 

The west stand at North- 
ampton’s county cricket 
ground is to be replaced before 
the start of the new season 
after being declared a fire risk. 

Manchester United are de- 
laying a decision about wheth- 
er Bryan Robson, toe England 
captain, should havean opera-' 
tion on the shoulder he has 
dislocated twice. Amid grow-, 
ing pressure for immediate 
surgery, his manager, Ron 
Atkinson, said: “We will lave 
to see if there is any way both 
parties can get satisfaction.’' 

He said yesterday: “I went 
tosee a neurologist in Newcas^, 
tie and he said that there, was 
no reason to retire because of 
my recurring nieck: trouble^ I 
am obviously, depressedabdut 
these constant injuries*' I hope 
that some sunshmetfukT other 
sporting .activities during the 
summer . will.' improve ,my. 
phyacal condition and my 
mood and that I will pick up 
my career next September, 7 ’ 

. Melvifle, aged 25, has 
missed several international . 
matches, because . of .assorted 
injuries. He has played nine 
times, for England, serving a& 
caption five. times. : . • 

- Haw Davies, toe MT-badc 
who incurred a shoulder imp- 
ly against Franc^ will imss 
Wasps's John rtayer ^Ccto 
fourth round tie at Bpdtoemh‘ 
on’Sbtuniay. ' •' 

Morerugby, page 37 

Berlin (AP) - East Germa- 
ny and the Sovfet Union have 
d enounced ptens to open toe 
Olympic Games to professkm- 
al athletes, fire West German 
sports news agency SED re- 
ported yesterday. 

SID said that -Manfred 
Ewald^the EastGennan Gym- 
nastics and Sports Unton offl- 
rial, and Mwat Gramov, the 
chairman of rite Soviet Com- 
and Sports, met in Moscow to 
discuss plans . fin cooperation 
in spo rt between the. two ifid not say when, 
the meeting took pifare. - 

The agency said EwaJd and 
Gramo* rejected dre proposal 
emfocsed last/ioonto by . the 
International Otymp*c_ Com- 
mfttee (I 0 Q toadprif profes- . 
atenaK athletes ' into certain 

.. to the lt *eeamtecial . 
abase” of the . Gomes, ' The 
impadiriBiccMte offidai-if 
approved by the MC General 
^Aaeatolym October.