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Rate of income 
tax cut to 29% 

******* ™ °®“ ttwooYb^ 
to Si Peon’s tax aUtmance to go 

ft *» 

Oil revenue from 
NortlvSea halved 

Sil 98 ^ 87 « 3^ per cent and .ratpul 
set to nse by a lnrther 3 per cent North Sea oU ict- 
eMes ^ e *° h* haired to £6 billion next year, bat b«J- 
Wments surplus forecast at £3.5 billion, 
mwic Sector Borrowing Requirement set at £7 billion. 

More aid for 
less . 


Flaa Cot 

Community Programme, 
which provides temporary jobs 
for long-term unemployed, to 
be expanded to 255,000 places 
tiro year. Average wage limit 
raised from £63 a week to £67. 

New Workers 

New Workers Scheme will be 
introdoced from April 1 to 
provide £15 a week for 12 
months to employers of those 
aged 18 and 19 rarwtng £55 or 
less; and people aged 20 
earning £65 or less. 

Tax relief for 

Charities to be granted limited 
VAT relht Tax relief avail- 
able to public companies mak- 
ing charitable donations up to 
a m axim u m of 3 per cent of 
annul dividend pa jment and 
to indmdaals giving up to 
£100. - • 

Job start 

term unemployed 
counsedfag and a job start 
allowance to be developed into 
a nationwide programme, 
called Restart. 

Loan scheme 

The Loan Guarantee Scheme, 
which helps small firms obtain 
fin a nc e, to be extended for 
three years with premiums 
halved from S pa cent to 2.5 

Farm building 
allowances ' 

Agricaltnral tattdmg allow- 
ances wiD be altered to ensure 
foil measure of - depredation. 
Mines and oU wells’ allow- 
ances wffl be brought more 
closely into line with the new 

capital al&wances regime. ' 

Cigarettes to 
go up - 


Cigarettes to w 

for 2ft and in 


roffiro tobacco o£ I7p 
front may; The de- 
cision to raise duties by 
substantially more 
than the rate of infla- 
tion - 13,5 percent 
was justified da-health 
grounds. There will be 
no change in duty on 
pipe tobacco or cigars 


Smteifa ; 

Boost to people’s 

. ■ / 

In a radical and unexpected move the 
Chancellor threw his weight behind 
private share ownership or “popular 
capitalism 41 when he revealed new tax 
incentives to encourage the British 
public into buying shares. 

" From making Britain a' nation of 
homeowners, the Government was now 
going to make it a nation of 
shareowners, Mr Lawson claimed. 

The Chancellor's Personal Equity 
Plan (PEP) will provide tax incentives 
to encourage individuals to invest in the 
British stock market. Anyone aged 18 
and over will be able to pnt up to £2,400 
a year in a PEP to buy shares. So long 
as the shares are held for a minimum of 
one to two years, the individual win be 

free from any capital gains tax and any 
income tax on the dividends paid. 

The Stock Exchange was delighted 
with the news. A spokesman said it 
could provide the most significant 
boost to wider share ownership in the 
last four or five decades. At present 
only 6 per cent of adults in Britain own 
shares compared with 17 and 18 per 
cent in France and the United States. 

Mr Richard Jeffrey, of stockbrokers 
Hoare Govett, said: “The share market 
is going to love the Personal Equity 
Plan and the market looks set to go a 
lot higher. A 20 to 25 percent gain over 
the rest of the year looks likely." 

The losers are likely to be the banks 
and buHding societies, who may find 

savings depleted in a rash to take out 
equity plans. Both groups of institu- 
tions admitted that the move would 
increase competition for depositors’ 
money. But they also said they thought 
the Impact would be limited as the PEP 
would be too sophisticated to have too 
wide an appeal. 

The Government has been keen to 
widen share ownership through mak- 
ing privatization issues like British 
Telecom attractive to small investors. 
The privatization route has, however, 
had very limited success in reversing 
the trend away from share buying. 

Over the last 25 years building 
societies, life assurance and pension 
plans have grown in popularity as 

savings methods at the expense of 
share buying. The Chancellor, with his ! 
PEP, is determined to try and redress 
the balance. 

The plan will only apply to British 
quoted shares. It will not apply to unit 
trusts, futures, options or unquoted 
shares and gilt-edged stocks will be 
subject to a low ceiling on the amounts 
allowed to be bought under the plan. 

The longer money is held in the plan 
the greater the tax advantages. An 
individual saving £2,400 a year over 10 
years could end up with a tax free total . 
of £35,000, if he reinvested all his 
capital gains and dividends and ob- 
tained a real rate of return of 1.5 per 
cent a year. 

■Springboard for the future’ 

Budget surprises 
please Tories 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Bonus for 

are to be given a. 
£15 million bonus because of 
an exemption of this year’s 
special July nutating from 
taxation, avoiding a mid-year 
tax recoding exercise by the 
Inland Revenue. 


Duty on aviation 

mast fabricating oHs scrapped. 
But duty on domestic gas oil 
went up by l%p a gallon last 
night There is no change in 
heavy fhel ofl tax. . . 

Petrol duty up 

Petrol and Derv doty went up 
by 8 pa emit from 4pm last 
night. Increases would add 
about 7%p to a gallon of petrol 
and 6 < 6 p to a gailon of Derv 
but Chancellor said there was 
no need ire pmnp prices to rise 
because of ofl company profits^ 

No change 
in VAT 

No Aaiw e in the 15 per cent 
VAT rate. The registration 

threshold, the annual tmnorer 

below which traders are net 
obliged to register, goes np 
from £I9£00 to £20^00- 

Road fax held 

Vehicle excise cars, 
tight vans, motor eyries and 
most terries to remain un- 
changed. Rates on buses, 
coaches and taxis go np by 5 
per cent from today. . 



The £10,000 annual Emit on 

Tax help for 
small savers 

Personal equity plans to be 
introdoced to encourage indi- 
viduals; especially smaller 
savers and new investors, to 
invest directly in equities. 
Investments of up to £2,400 a 
year will have special tax 

Talks on pay 
and profits 

Talks to take place with 
employers on scheme to en- 
courage profit-sharing agree- 

ments, involving temporary 
income tax relief . The aim is to 
encourage workers to have a 
.more direct interest in busi- 
ness success, to fink pay more 
directly to profits and to 
improve ~ employment 

Drink pegged 

No increase in duty on beer, 
cider, table wine, sparkling 
wine, fortified wine or spirits. 

CTT reform 

Capitol Transfer Tax to bd 
radically reformed with afadi-l 
tion of tax, pres ently half thej 
death charge, on gifts 
individuals, at a cost of £35f 
mSDhm fal 986-87 

by .individuals is to be 

The Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
cut a penny off the standard 
rate of, income tax yesterday 
with a seedcom Budget in 
which he planted new schemes 
to help the jobless, a tax-free 
incentive to wider share own- 
ership, and the possibility of a 
free-enterprise pay policy 
based on profit sharing. 

His 73-minute Budget state- 
ment was greeted with the 
traditional waving of Com- 
mons order papers on the 
Toy benches and, although 
there was some carping from 
his backbench opponents, 
there was a general verdict 
that he had done well within 
the limited scope imposed by 
the collapse in the price of oil 
which had virtually halved his 
expected oil revenues to about 


Mr Lawson told the House 
that industry would gain from 
the oil price fall, and he could 
live, with his. loss. 

But he then piled surprise 
upon surprise with a series of 
tax adjustments, mercilessly 
teasing his opponents and 
confounding , general - 
expectations. - 

Having told. MPs that the ' 
ice of a gallon of petrol had 
fatten by ISp, with the oil 
companies holding bade on a 
further posable cut of up to 
12p, Mr Lawson said there 
was dear scope for “a sizeable 
increase in petrol tax this 

However, he said he had 
dedded on an overall duty 
increase of only 7.5p a gallon 
and challenged the oil compa- 
nies by pointing out that that 

still left room for a further foil 
in pump prices. 

Although he announced a 
higher increase in the duty on 
cigarette tobacco — for health 
reasons — putting an extra 
lip on a packet of 20 , he 
proposed no increases on pipe 
tobacco and cigar duties, or on 
beer, cider, wine or spirits. 

But the biggest surprise was 
his cut in the standard rate of 
income tax, from 30p in the 
pound to 29p. After he had 
announced the statutory 
indexation of income tax al- 
lowances, save for those on 
the top 60 per cent rate, Mr 

Leading article 
Budget details 
Kenneth Fleet 






Lawson again leased his oppo- 
nents by saying:“Grven the 
need for caution in the light of 
current circumstances, I do 
not have scope this year for a 
reduction in the base rate of 
income tax-.” . 

He then hesitated slightly 
-before adding:”»beyond one 
penny fa the ponnd?. 

Mr Lawson emphasized 
that his lp was a down- 
payment on the long-term 
Tory commitment to go for a 
target 25p rate, and he pointed 
out that the combined effect of 
his changes would concentrate 
help “not on the rich but on 
the great majority of ordinary 

The tax bonus win cost the 
Exchequer £93Smiflion over 
and above the cost of 
indexation of allowances and 

the married man on average 
earnings will be about £2.60 a 
week bettor off 

The Chgancellor said that 
cutting tax and cutting unem- 
ployment went hand in hand 
and that tax cuts were “a 
principle engine of the enter- 
prise culture”. 

But he also injected some 
direct help for the unem- 
ployed and his own boosts for 
pay restraint and share owner- 
ship which could help to turn 
his Budget into “a springboard 
for the future”. 

The Chancellor said that 
unemployment was “distress- 
ingly high” and he announced 
a £165miliion foil-year pack- 
age which will increase the 
Community Programme from 
nearly 200,000 places to 
255,000 places for this finan- 
cial year - with an increase in 
the wage limi t to £67 a week — 
and a further 35,000 places on 
the Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme to build it up to 
100 , 000 places within the next 
12 months. 

But be also emphasized the 
need to overcome the “Achil- 
les heel” of the economy: pay 
rises that were overtaking 

Mr Lawson then floated the 
possibility ofbeating the prob- 
lem with a new system “in 
which a significant proportion 
of an employee’s remunera- 
tion depends directly on the 
company’s profitability pa 
person employed”. 

• Building society chiefs are 
predicting between a V 2 and a 1 
percentage point cut in home 
loan rates in the wake of the 
reductions in bank base rates 

Basic rate income tax cut 

The Chancellor has made 
the first cut in the basic rate of 
income tax forseven years, 
and confirmed his intention to. 
bring it down to 25 per cent. 
With the Budget ie has 
published proposals fin- alter- 
ing foe taxation of married 
coupes to the benefit of wives 
who do not go out to work. 

The cut in the basic rate of 
income tax from 30 percent to 
29 percent is backed Up with 
an increase in all the main 
personal allowances of about 
5.7 percent in line with Last 
year's inflation. 

This will raise the angle 
allowance to£2335a year, 
and the married, mair's allow- 
ance to £3,655. The combinar 
tion frill cut most taxpayers' 
hills by between one and two : 

From mid-May, a single 
person, earning £140 a week 
will pay £2-70 a week less in - 
tax, while a married man 

earning £200 a week will pay 
£2.45 a week less. 

A cut in die basic rate of tax 
provides less benefit for the 
very low-paid than an increase 
in tax thresholds, the device 
preferred by the Chancellor in 
most recent Budgets. 

However, the Chancellor 
has limited the benefit it will 
bring to the higher-paid by not 
raising the thresholds for the 
highest rates of lax fully in line 
with inflation. - 

The threshold for the 40 per 
cent tax band is fully indexed, 
and increases by £1000 to 
£17,200 of taxable income. 
This means that the cut in the 
basic rate of tax is worth a 
maximum of £331 a week to 
any taxpayer.. 

But the thresholds for the 45 
per cent to 60 pa cent tax 
bands are also raised by only 
£1,000, which, is less than 5.7 
per cent and therefore does 
not fatty reflect inflation over 
the past year. 

The Chancellor’s Green Pa- 
pa on personal tax proposes 
the abolition of the married 
man’s tax allowance and the 
introduction of “transferable 
allowances” for husband and 
wife, each equal to a single 
allowance. The idea is that 
eitha spouse could transfer 
his or ha allowance to the 
other if be or she had no 
income to set it against 
Tins would increase the tax 
allowances of married couples 
with only one partner work- 
ing, but also reduce the com- 
bined allowances of married 
couples who both worked. 

The Green Paper therefore 
suggests that transferable al- 
lowances could be phased in 
ova a period of two to five 
years, during which the single 
allowance would be raised to a 
level at which the two-earner 
couple would not lose. 

Green Paper, 
•page 21 

Chirac considers 
Mitterrand offer 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

QuT * 

Into the 1990s.. _ . 

A green paper. The Reform, of Personal Taxation, 
which mts published yesterfar, sets out ideas for 
independent taxation tisrfer of aHoroices 
between husband aml wife^bnt implementation will 
not be possible before the. 1990s. 

The suspense ova -who will 
be the next Prime Minister of 
France continued last night 
after M Jacques Chirac, leader 
of the GauUist RPR party, was 
offered the job by President 
Mitterrand, but reserved his 

M Chirac aged 53. emerged 
from the Hys 6 e Palace just 
before 8 pm, after mote than 
two horns of talks with M 
Mitterrand, smiling enigmati- 
cally but refusing to comment. 

It was left to M Jean-Louis 
Bianco, secretary-general, of 
the Elystte, 10 announce to the 
hundreds of waiting journal- 
ists that M Chirac had been 

offered the post. 

M Chirac is expected to give 
bis answer today. Today's 
Cabinet meeting has been 

He and M Mitterrand had 
evidently been engaged in 
tough bargaining ova the 
terms that eitha was willing to 
accept for M Chirac's nomina- 
tion, M Chirac has made it 
clear that no right-wing leader 
should accept the post without 
having obtained a dear under- 
taking that the President 
would allow the right to 
introduce the programme on 
which it was elected “in full 

Continued on page 5, col 7 

Kerb case 
judge wins 

Colin Hart-Levenon, the 
Recorder convicted of kerb 
crawling, yesterday won bis 
appeal against conviction and 
a £200 fine after claiming 
police evidence was untrue. 

The judge was awarded 
costs but the police said there 
would be no inquiry Page 3 

Savage costs to be met 

The Times Portfolio drily 
competition prim of £ 2,000 
was won yesterday by Mrs C 
Whittle of Sheffield. Portfolio 
list, page 32; how to play, 
information service, page 20 . 

The Medical Defence 
Union yesterday agreed in 
principle to pay costs to Mrs 

Wendy Savage, the consultant 
obstetrician at the London 
Hospital suspended for almost 
a year, incurred in defending 
herself against charges of pro- 
fessional incompetence. 

The union, largest of the 
doctors* professional indem- 
nity oipnizations insuring 
against claims for negligence 
and professionally incurred 
• legal fees, bad refused to meet 
ha costs — estimated at 
£ 100,000 - after she decided 
not to use Hempsoos, the 
solicitors it recommended. 

Foreign players taked 

Home News 










PartBuneot 2W7| 



Property 16,17 i 


Sale JCHOH3 






Crosswords l(k20 
Diary 12 

Features 10-12 

Snow Reports 20 
Sporr yjj&jo 
Theatres 39 

ta« Report 

TV & Radio 






h it it fr fr fr 

Foreign sbowbusiness and 
sports 5 tars will pay income 
tax on their earnings in Britain 
from next year, bringing them 
in line with regulations gov- 
erning British performers 
abroad. The Chancellor said 
the measure would raise an 
estimated £75 million a year. 

Personalities currently in 
Britain who would be affected 
include singers Madonna and 
Usa Mineui. and US rock 
stars such as Bruce 
Springsteen. The move means 
this year’s Wimbledon will be 

Boost for 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Far-reaching-changes in the 
law on charitable giving which 
fond-raising specialists said 
yesterday could eventually be 
worth hundreds of 'millions of 
pounds a year to charities, 
were announced by the 

Under the changes the 
£ 10.000 limit on covenants is 
to be abolished, public compa- 
nies will receive tax relief on 
one-off gifts to charity up to a 
maximum of 3 pa cent of the 
company's annual dividend to 
shareholders, and from April 
1987 any employer will be 
able to set up “payroll giving" 
schemes where employees will 
receive tax relief for donations 
of up to £100 a year deducted 
from their pay. 

Mr Lawson also announced 
new VAT exemptions for 
charities including non-classi- 
fied press advertising, on lifts 
and distress alarms for the 
handicapped, on talking 
books and on welfare vehicles 
used by charities to transport 
the deaf, blind or mentally 

Mr Lawson estimated the 
cost of the concessions at £70 
million in 1987-88. 

But specialist fund-raisers 
said that in five years time 
they could be worth hundreds 
of millions of pounds a year to 
charities if they went out and 
exploited the concessions. 

Changes to prevent abuse of 
the laws by companies making 
donations to charities which 
are effectively fed back to the 
benefit of those donating the 
money are to be introduced, 
however, in moves that will 
save the Chancellor about £20 
million a year. 

The VaT Reform Group 
welcomed the concessions on 

the Iasi tax-free toumamenL It 
will also affect high-earning 
racing drivers, golfers and 
snooker players. 

Mr John D. Webber, an 
executive of IMG which rep- 
resents many foreign sports 
stars, said foe tax had not 
come as a surprise and he did 
noi think it would dissuade his 
diems from playing in Britain. 

"Providing it is done fairly 
and people know in advance 
what to expect on the whole I 
don't think it is unfair 

Report, page 25 




The Chancellor yesterday 
abolished Capital Transfer 
Tax for ail lifetime gifts 
between individuals, a move 
which took the legal and 
accountancy professions com- 
pletely by surprise. 

The tax, which will continue 
to apply in foe case of gifts on 
death and for various transfers 
into trusts, Is also to be 
renamed Inheritance Tax, rep- 
resenting a shift back to the 
days of the old Estate Duty 
tax, which was replaced by 
CTT in 1974. 

The surprise announcement 
came as part of measures that 
the Chancellor said he wanted 
to introduce to stimulate busi- 
ness. It will be a considerable 
boost to owners of family 
companies who want to pass 
their assets on to the next 

It will make it easier for 
home owners to gift their 
homes to their children with- 
out any tax penalty and in 
many cases make fang-term 
provision for children’s educa- 
tion simpler to organize. 

Th e Chancellor described 
CTT on lifetime gifts, which 
until yesterday were charged 
at a may-imam 30 per cent, as 
"a thorn in the side of those 
owning and running family 

It. had been ic-rcdsccd by 
the Labour Govemmeni fa 
1974, fa the face of a united 
Conservative Opposition, he 
said. The Chancellor said that 
in bis previous two budgets be 
had abolished three 
unneccessay taxes — the Na- 
tional Insurance Surcharge, 
the Investment Income Sur- 
charge and Development Land 

The cost to the Exchequer of 
abolishing Capital Transfer 
Tax on lifetime giving will be 
£35 million in the next tax 
year and £55 million for the 
following one. 

CTT has often acted as a 
restraint on majority share- 
holders fa private companies 
who feared that building np 
their companies would only 
lead to increased taxation 
when they passed their shares 
to the next generation. 



































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New town would make 
‘solid suburb from 
London to Southend’ 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

A projected new town in 
Essex could create a solid belt 
of suburbs from London to 
Southend, councils opposed to 
the town claimed yesterday. 

Essex County Council and 
Thurrock Borough Council 
said they had rejected the 
Tillingham Hall application 
because its promoters wanted 
to create a complete new town' 
with 5,000 homes on one of 
the few stretches of unspoilt 
countryside in south Essex. 

Mr David Keene. (XT. said 
be also spoke for the National 
Farmers’ Union when he said 
that the two councils were 
totally opposed in principle to 
the scheme. The land was 
close enough to the London 
suburbs to be a crucial piece of 
the capital's green bell. 

An appeal against the 
councils’ rejection of the plan 
opened yesterday at Orsett, 
near the TUlingham site. The 
appeal before Mr Donald 
Harris, an inspector appointed 
by the Department of the 
Environment, is by Consor- 
tium Developments, a group 
of the largest building compa- 

nies in Britain, including 
Barra tt, Bovis, Wilcou and 

It soon became dear that 
the central argument at the 
appeal would be about the role 
of green belts in modem 
Britain. Mr Harris said he 
would tell ministers of any- 
thing said at the appeal about 
government policies. "I am 
somewhat constrained", he 

TiUingham Hall is meant to 
mark a break with the policy 
followed since 1918 of build- 
ing either housing estates on 
to existing towns or creating 
new towns round existing 
small settlements. The 761 
acres earmarked for 
TiUingham Hall are 
almostcmirely empty farm- 
land. The town is meant to be 
a complete entity with its own 
schools and shops. 

The appeal opened amid 
flat Essex fleldsfestooned with 
anti-Tiliingham posters 
pinned up by local villagers. 
An airborne protester flew low 
over the appeal hall as Mr 
Michael FitzGerald, QC said 

for the developers that the 
new towns planned by them 
were not an assault on the 
green belt 

Of the five towns planned 
round London by the consor- 
tium, only TiUingham Hall 
was aimed at green belt land. 
But the appeal, to be decided 
by Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State for the Environ- 
ment. is seen as a key test of 
the Government’s commit- 
ment to safeguarding attrac- 
tive and saleable countryside. 

Mr FitzGerald said the 
TiUingham scheme should not 
be rejected because it would 
take farmland in England's 
second most fertile county. 
The land was of only moder- 
ate fenUity, and the high level 
of agricultural surpluses 
meant there was less need to 
safeguard the national stock of 

The TiUingham plan was 
also in line with national 
policy of coaxing high-tech- 
nology industrial develop- 
ment to the east of London 
away from the more prosper- 
ous western corridor. ~ 

Attack on 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, shad- 
ow Home Secretary, yesterday 
condemned “lours and 
extremists" picketing Mr Rn- 
. pert Murdoch's Wapping 

Mr Kaufman said he agreed 
totally with Sir Eldon Grif- 
fiths, parliamentary spokes- 
man for the Police Federation, 
who described the trouble- 
makers involved in the vio- 
lence as “ruffians, desperados 
and hooligans”. 

Speaking daring Commons 
committee proceedings, Mr 
Kaufman said: “Those who 
are involved In a dispute with 
Mr Murdoch are in my view 
totally justified persons pursu- 
ing a legitimate dispute 
against a disgraceful employ- 
er, and do not have a common 
purpose with the louts and 
extremists who are there." 

Sir Eldon said that the 
picket tine had at times been 
infiltrated by political 

Scots journalists 
are dismissed 

By Ronald Faux 

The 220 striking journalists 
on the Daily Record and 
Sunday Mail in Glasgow were 
dismissed by management 
yesterday. Letters signed by 
the editors of the two papers 
said that by striking in breach 
of the house agreement, which 
required three weeks' notice of 
industrial action, the journal- 
ists had terminated their 

The Daily Record has not 
appeared for eight days, after a 
dispute which originated with 
Mr Robert Maxwell's plan to 
bring out an Irish edition of 
the Daily Mirror in colour on 
the presses at Anderston Quay 
in Glasgow, where the Record 
and Mail are produced. 

Journalists on the two news- 
papers yesterday accused 
management of breaching the 
house agreement A statement 
from the joint chapel of the 
National Union of Journalists 
said management had refused 
to follow the agreed disputes 
procedure, and had tried to 

impose vast changes without 
consultation. It had also 
stopped publication of the 
Daily Record while the com- 
pany and the NUJ were in 

The letter from the editors 
said the company's original 
offer to guarantee jobs on the 
two papers, together with a 10 
per cent pay rise in 1986, had 
been generous. “It was mad- 
ness to reject it." Today, the 
journalists intend to produce 
100,000 copies of their own 
newspaper. It will be launched 
in George Square in the centre 
of Glasgow and will cany 
goodwill messages from Scot- 
tish interests. 

New face 

Loma Luft, the actress sister 
of Liza Minelli, is to present 
the “After Nine" section of 
TV-am’s Good Morning Brit- 
ain for four days next week. 

Nissan unveils models for new plant 

presents the models it will bu3d at its 
£50 million factory at Washington, Tyne 
and Wear. 

From July, tight out of a new 15- 
model range of mid-sized saloons and 
hatchbacks, called the Bluebird, wiB 
emerge from the plant. 

They will be stockpiled ready to go on 
sale in October to coincide with the 
Motor Show. 

The Bluebird range, de signe d in 
Europe, aims to undercut some of 
Nissan's main rivals in Briatin, such as 

the Ford Sena and VauxhaB Cavalier. 

The car bodies will be assembled from 

lots shipped from Japan, although -20 
per cest of other components ww be 
hi Europe, mainly hr Britain.' - Use 
vehicles will be avaflabie with four 

Prices mil range from £$500 for a 
1 jSL four-door saloon, to £9,680 for the 
2-Jftre SGX ™»l fire-door modeL 
There wiD also be a tfiesel 2-litre saloon, 
the first diesel car to be marketed by the 
ia Britain. The new range 
the performance Bluebird 

Turbo 1.8ZX at £9,675. 

Ni s san studied every detail of Eu rope- 
an tastes before deciding os the colons 
and fabrics for the interior design^ 
Prototypes were tested on British and 

C Nfcsan expecBto produce I5,006cars 
at the Washington factory this year and 
24,000 in 1987. The £350 utiBhm second 
phase of the Washington development, 
dependent on a much higher requke- 
ment of local content, will eventually be 
y mmH to an annual output oflWMWO 

Geoffrey Smith 

humbug”, declared the 
Prime Minister a' few- days 
ago, “to complain about unem- 
pfoyment IF you drink French 
mineral water had drive an 
imported car”. That seems to 
me precisely the wrong way to 
seek Ae salvation of Britsh 

Fulham by-election 

Moderate tendencies for all 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

Each of the three main 
candidates in the Fulham 
parliamentary by-election de- 
clared solemnly yesterday: “I 
am a moderate”. 

The sudden concern with 
being seen to occupy the 
central political ground in 
preparation for the poll on 
April 10 came as Mr Matthew 
Carrington, the distinctly dry 
Conservative candidate, in- 
dulged in a gentle spot of mud- 
slinging. which predictably 
outraged his Labour and Alli- 
ance opponents. 

Fortified, perhaps, by the 
example set 24 hours earlier 
when Mr Norman Tebbit 
managed to link Labour with 
the recent rise in crime, Mr 
Carrington attempted to fol- 
low suit 

Until now everyone has 
assumed that Mr Nick 
Raynsford, the smartly attired 
and gently-spoken Labour 
man, was a classic moderate. 
Not so. opined Mr Carrington. 

“I would describe him as a 
left-winger”, he said. What’s 
more, a Militant Tendency 
supporter had been spotted 
campaigning on his behalf 

In - a novel political turn of 
phrase Mr Carrington added: 

“So Mr RaynsfonTs claims to 
be a moderate butter no 
parsnips". The Labour candi- 
date had been well to the left 
of his party when on the local 
council ten years ago and now 
he had “extremists sitting on 
his shoulders”. 

Mr Carrington then turned 
his attention to Mr Roger 
Uddle, the SDP candidate 
who is best known as leader of 
the Alliance group on Lam- 
beth council, where he battled 
against “Red” Ted Knight Or 
so we thought 

Mr Carrington claim ed Mr 
Uddle had a poor attendance 
record at council meetings. 
“My case is that he doesn't 
combat extremism. His record 
on that is extremely shaky." 

But what of Mr Carrington’s 
claims to be a moderate? So 
for, apart from knowing he is a 
grandson of a parson, little has 
been discovered. 

Yesterday he confirmed 
suspicions that he is a fully 
paid-up member of the 
Thatcherite persuasion. He 
strongly disagrees with poli- 
cies advocated by Mr Edward 

tion of private capital into the 
coal-mining industry. 

~ Mr Liddle, used to dealing 
with the very highest quality 
of political abuse from Lam- 
beth left-wingers, took Mr 
Carrington's criticisms in his 
stride. “It is a pathetic way to 
attempt to attack a 
candidate,” he said. 

“We have fought really hard 
in Lambeth. You ask anyone 
about the kind of stick we 
have had to put up with. We 
have bad thing s thrown at ns 
and members assaulted in the 
council chamber. It has been 

“Anyone who thinks we 
have not taken a lead there 
just hasn’t got a due. F don't 
thmlc Matthew Carrington 
knows what a Labour extrem- 
ist is. 

Mr Raynsford was equally 
robust and declared proudly 
that he and his local party had 
voted for. Mr Denis Healey in 
Labour's deputy leadership 
contest in 1981, and had 
supported Mr Ned Kinnock 
and Mr Roy Hattersley in 



Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that 
can strike anybody; anytime. 

But, thanks to changes announced 
in the Budget, giving us the money that 
will help Find the cure is now less 

And, make no mistake, every’ 
penny you contribute to the Multiple 
Sclerosis Society' brings the cure that 
much closer. 

It also brings some comfort to the 
many thousands who suffer the misery 

of impaired speech, loss of eyesight, in- 
continence and paralysis. 

The much-publicised events of the 
past twelve months have demonstrated 
just how generous people can be when 
they believe in a cause. 

Our cause is very important 
Please give as much as you can. 
Because the sooner we find the 
answer the sooner we can ensure that 
the lives of those nearest to you are not 
torn apart. 

Multiple Sclerosis tears lives apart 

Finding the cure 
will now be a little less taxing. 

l ; or receipt i if donation 
lidi ho.s in coupon. 


I Wi'ciilIxn*.' adtui.iiiim in 
I lie Multiple -V lent i^ln Si vic(\ «>| ,v 




We can find the cure only ! 
if we find the funds. 

| t. I’i / 'U li p or (iii..H.u,kN.i S| 

UK firm * 
to fish in 

Heath and Mr Rands Pyrn.-. 
but would welcome the hyee- 

remained committed to end- 
ing overcrowding and to a 
-major -"prison bail dm 1 

gramme.- -The Homo 
said the Certified Normal 
Accommodation, the capacity 
of prisons without overcrowd- 
ing, was 40,823 last week. 
Plans should provide for 
about 52,000 prisoners 
roughly the lowest projected 
figure for 1993-94. ; 

• Thirty women were driven 
under heavy security from 
Armagh Jail to Maghaberry 
Prison yesterday to become its 
first inmates. . 

The £33 minion complex in 
Northern Ireland will have 
room for 56 female prisoners 
and . 432 men. It wiB house 
some of the province’s most 
dangerous terrorists, who will 
enjoy centra 
iual cells 

A British trawler company 
has chartered 10 Japanese 

vessels to fish within the 200- 
mile zone around the Falkland 
Islands. The ships will have 
Japanese crews but win sail 
under the British flag awH 
some will have British 
skippers. . 

The company is J Marr & 
Son of Hull, formerly one of 
the giants of the British deep- 
sea fishing industry, and its 
initiative is the first serious 
response to critici sm that 
Britain is neglecting the rich 
South Atlantic fishing grounds 
and allowing them to be 
exploited by other countries. 

Marr became interested in 
the Falklands after its four 
remaining deep-sea freezer 
trawlers were requisitioned 
during the conflict as troop 

But after the ceasefire, the 
company’s suggestion that one 
ship should remain to survey 
the fishing potential was ig- 
nored by toe Foreign Office. 

Since the loss of the Icelan- 
dic and Newfoundland fisher- 
ies , Marr- has increasingly' 
concentrated on the trading 
and marketing of fish and has 
built up a thriving export 

alive’ in 

A n urse dntchfaig a baby 
born alive daring an abortion 
operation ran a . quarter of a 
mOe across a London hospital 
in a vain attempt to save its 
life, it was churned yesterday. 

The ami-abortion group, 
Life, said the nurse dashed 
from the gynaecological ward 
to the paternity mnt at May- 
day Hospital, Thornton 
Heath, to search of an incuba- 
tor after tiie girt wasborn to a 
woman 20 weeks pregnant. . / 
Mrs Nhab * Scarisbrick, 
life’s nd mi mstrata^ said the 
alleged incident happened 12 
boms after toe woman had 
been admitted for an abortion. 

Mrs Scarisbrick said the 
baby, weighing 17% ounces, 
ms alive and breathing when 
the nurse arrived at the mater- 
nity mit, but died about 10 
minutes after birth. - 
“To the best of our knowl- 
edge this is toe youngest and 
smallest baby ever to have 
survived as abortion operation 
and breathed.'*’ - 
•- life has lodged a on mpiniin- 
with, the police, asking for the 
doctor involved to Be prosecut- 
ed under toe- 1929 Infmt Life 
(Preservation) Act, which 
makes it an offence to destroy 
the life of any unborn child, 
capable id being born alive. 
The case has bun passed to 
Scotland Yard: - 


Water-colours in 
growing demand 

to soar 

By Garin Befl 

There may be- for' mote 
prisoners in the 1990s than 
anticipated according to re- 
vised Home Office 

The prison population m 
1993 could be between 52,200 
and 57,300, ah increase of 
between 3,700 and 5,400 over 
projections last year. There 
were just over 47,000‘prison- 
ers last week. 

A sharp . and unforeseen 
surge in inmates between the 
autumn of 1984 and last 
summer was largely responsi- 
ble for the higher 
cstimates-Tte furthest projec- 
tions issued this week were for 
1994, giving a. range of 52fl00 
to. 58,900 prisoners. They 
would include between 14,400 
and 16,100 people who had 
not been sentenced, compared 
with dn average of 9,700 last 

The number of female in- 
mates would continue to be a 
small proportion, between 
1,700 and 1,900 compared 
with about 1,500 today. 

Lord Gfenaxthnr, Parlia- 

Prisoners will be housed in 
four two-storey Mocks built 
around a hollow square, with 
108 angle cells in each divided 
into six units of 18 cells. 
Armagh Prison win dose, but 
the province’s other three 
jails, the Maze* MagilKgan, 
and Crumlin Road, will re- 
main open. . 

Libya export 
oise dropped 

Proceedings . against four 
men and two companies who 
had been accused of contra- 
vening customs .regulations' 
governing toe export of mili - 
tary equipment to Libya, have 
been dropped by toe customb 

and excise. No evidence was' 
offered when the defendants 
appeared on remand at Ux- 
bridge Court 

Muhammad kuputmi. aged 31/of 
Lew®- Road. FMctraC^ £urre£ 
K«nmnt SomarvtHe. Med si. br 
James une, Bvoe® HOTand Co£ 

It is an appeal based on the 
prejudice of consumers rather 
than the efficiency of 

If this wore a momentary 
slip, either of due tongue or of 
logic, it would not matter. But 
it b symptomatic of a wider 
ftiamg mw is demonstrated 9 
most vividly and depresstogly 
in the continuing debate over 
British LeylamL 

That there should still be 
disagreement within the Gov- 
ernment and toe Conservative 

Party, and: among tire general 

public, over whether General 
Motors should take ever Land 
Rover as welt as the commer- 
cial vehicles section of BL is 
not In itsetf _ smpnsiag or 
disturbing. It is the nature of 
toe debate that b depressing. 
The Government seems to be 
indhting towards rejecting a 
straight takeover of land 
Rover by General Motors on 
the grounds that it would be 
poor politics for a 
live government to band the 
patriotic card to its opponents. 

Far the last major motor 
manu&ctnring company still 
in British hands to be sold off 
to the Americans would, it is 
said, be. an affront to 
pride. . 

. Some eammimtmHun before 
that tins is a p p B tftcnl miscal- 
culation, that the public mood 
is less defensive toaa that 
. Bto I am not ro son. that the 
judgement Ea mistaken on 
miram electoral pounds. The 

CDttservniiro^§P5 from toe 
-West Midlands suggests that 
there is quite a head of popular 
steam there. Nor is there any 
reason to believe that these 
feelings are confined :• to the A 
West Midlands, . The national 
sense of being over whelmed by 
American industrial strength 
was evident iinag tfce'West- 
hns" and \tote been 
inoptofcm polls. 

Exclusion from a 
global economy 

. In one sense the.BL contro- 
versy is more serious than the 
Westland crisis. There was a 
rational argument of behalf of 
the European consortium that 
Westland was a special case 
because the A me ri ca n market 
in defence procurement is so ^ 
highly protected. 

Bat die British economy wffl 
suffer if every industry is to be 
considered a special case. 
That is particuhuty evident to 
-me having just returned from 
toe United States. The. more 
Britain and rotifer Emopean 
countries adopt a defensive, 
n a tionalist position on eco- 
nomic issues the more help 
will be pres to protectionist 
forces in America at a critical 

But there is another .fictor 
as weEL the more progressive 
companies, especially to toe 
US bat elsewhere as well, are 
timuring increasingly in terms 
of a global economy. They g 
conduct their operations on a “ 
worldwide baste. Ownership 
and trade are constrained as 
Httie. as possible by national 

IT Britain adopts a reflex 
resistance whenever American 
ownership - ' of ' a significant 
British company is contem- 
plated that will help to eXdude 
this country from the develop- 
ment of this global economy. 

' If such defensive attitudes to 
ftrtqniufinagl an 

prevalent today toes politi- 
cians being human are all too 
likely .to succumb to them. But 
Un ^-e sh ostobenp g hisfou ttir ^ 

The tine patriotism today is 
to consider each proposition 
without emotion on its m erits . 


By Huofl MalhBcn 

The demand for good En- 
glish water-colours was appar- 
ent at Christie's yesterday as 
many of the best examples on 
offer for outstripped their 
estimates and the 154 lots 
produced £260,463 with 
1 1 per cent bought in. 

One of the most remarkable 
prices was £9,180 which was 
paid by an anonymous bidder 
for “Too Hot", a little boy 
blowing on his porridge, by 
William Henry Hunt (esti- 
mate £600 to £800). 

A splendid and unladed 
panoramic view of Lancaster 
by Peter de Wint was bought 
by Agnew at £ 1 9,440 (estimate 
£8,000 to £10.000). 

An early Turner study of an 
old oak tree near Norbury 
Park in Surrey was bought by 
a private bidder at £14,580 
(estimate £3.000-£4,000). 

Three Indian subjects by 
Turner dealing with the siege 

of Seringapatam in 1799 and 
based on drawings made on 
the spot by Thomas 
Sydenham had mixed 

The most colourful, of the 
battle itseif, went , to Wyid at 
£9,180 (estimate £4,000- 
£6,0Q0)and Leger paid £7,560 
for a view of the rampart 
where Tipu Felton was killed 
(estimate £7,000-£l 0,000). 
However, Gregory was able to 
secure the third, a gain 0 f 
biddings in the fort, fora very 
reasonable £4,860 (estimate 
£7, 000-£ 10,000). In the past 
these water-colours had been 
attributed to William DanieL 

7J“ ftm** Mnw 

ALama Sch 29; Belgium- B Frs SO: 
Canadj S2.7K Canaries Pei 200;' 
Cyprus 70 rents: Denmark no- 9.oo- 
Finlan d Mkk g.ooTFraSee aioa 

Germany dm 3.60: Gibraltar .. eon- 

35c MwwfO »r 10.00! Norway Ki- 
9 ;00. Pakistan Bp s 18: Portugal Esc 
170 smgawxw s &£0 smui po 200 - 

§weden_ sw 9.00: 

a "** ana Tv nisi* 

■78; YuDDstBvi* Din 400. 


i— and on the • • • 

thaveheUmeetlnsslnGuertmBjL . 

Top oxecutiro meeting incfflttivegr<xrps;corrf e iw x »s 
forover1,000 delegates; Guernsey can ptorideaU the 

Wctiael f^Cootenenro Office Doqartmerei?. . 

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By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

** MahIcr toM *® con * r_ 

®“™ pohcy-mak- ence, ofganiznd by WHO: 

■2? .1° < * e ® flnd social “Pwtaps it is not foeyoung- 

ybong art tobe store we have- to- change; 

^3? a ? ) ¥ e » a perhaps it is some of oursoaal 
eoDferaioe. of health ministers values." 

■from 30 countries was told in 
London yesterday. '*- ■ • • 

DrHalfdan Mahler, direc- 
tor-general of the World 
Health Organization, told the 
conference that “if our social 
values make drug-taking an 
acceptable norm among peer 
groups of youngsters, then ft is 
these values that have to be 
reconsidered". ' 

In a shallow and material 
society where the norm was to 

Young people had to be 
vided with both work and 
opportunities and soci- 
ety had to recognize that not 
everyone was cut out for a 
high-tech way of fife. Unless 
work other thaw the high-tech 
ones were recognized as being 
just as important, then those 

engaged in it risked social 

• "Youngsters have to have 
self-esteem and if that is 

demand more of everything, shattered some n™ to crime, 
tt- is not surprising if the others to drugs”, Dr Mahler 
Tnore’ includes more narcotic said in the introduction to the 
andpsych otropic drugs" conference, which was opened 
reason was that drug- by Mr Norman Fowier.-Secre- 
““ became “part of the. tary of State for Social 
.euphoria— the ‘in’ Services. 

weal „ _ 

thing" where soft drugs led on 
to had ones. 

The other was rebellion by 
the young against established 
norms, where “more wealth, 
■more food, more drink, more 
cars, more tobacco, more sex, 
more TV and video sell more 
food, more drink, more cars, 
- more tobacco, more sex and 
-so on ad infinitum". 

Dr . Mahler said such an 
approach did not tell .the 
Whole story. The drug supply 

had to be tackled, research was 
needed to predict those at risk 
of drug abuse, with more 
prevention and. improved 
treatment for those addicted. 

But he said: “It may seem 
strange that health policy- 
makers have to become advo- 

cates of innovative social 
policies, but I am afraid that is 
- what we shall have to become 
in many countries if we want 
to make an impact”. 

Figures supplied to minis- 
ters at the start of the confer- 
ence put die number of heroin 
abusers world-wide at 
750,000, with 1,760,000 opi- 
um abusers, 4,800,000 abusers 
of cocaine, 29,000,000 canna- 
bis misusers, and with steep 
increases in alcohol consump- 
tion in many countries; tobac- 
co consumption was failing in 
many developed countries but 
rising in the developing worid. 

Between I960 and 1981, 
alcohol consumption rose 
spectacularly in some coun- 
tries: up by 762 percent in the 
Republic of Korea, by 243 per 
cent in The Netherlands, by 
169 per cent in Japan and by 
1 32 per cent in East Germany. 
It almost doubled in West 
Germany Panada. 

. “Considering the dose rela- 
tionship between per capita 
alcohol consumption and the 
prevalence of alcohol-related 
health problems in the popula- 
tion, this trend evidences an 
enormous increase in health 
risks and corresponding 
costs" the study says. 

Judge cleared on 
kerb crawl case 

vs v„ . 

r ' i-A 
■■■ - v.l* 

' ' ' v * 
■:sr — -r .» 

A judge convicted of kerb 
crawting was yesterday deared 
after claiming in court that 
police evidence against. him 
was untrue. . 

' Judge Colin Hart-Leverton. 
won an appeal against convic- 
tion and a £200 fine after he 
accused police witnesses of 
making np statements that he 
approached three women in 
Sayswater, west London: - 

The evidence of two police 
witnesses showed “inconsis- 
tencies, inaccuracies, and 
incredibilities", Mr John 
Mathew, QC, for the defence, 

Mr Mathew gave the exam- 
ple erf the second woman 
alleged to have run away from 
the judge. ■ 

One of the officers raid he 
tan after the womfrn, but the 
other said he waOoed. 

The Recorder was also 
awarded costs but the police 
said there .would be no inquiry 
“I knew the truth would come 
out in the end," Judge Hart- 
Leverton said after the appeal 
hearing at Knightsbndge 
Crown Court. • 

The judge, aged 49, of 
Deacons Close, Elstree, Hert- 
fordshire, was convicted by 
Wells Street magistrates last 
month. • 

He appealed on the grounds 
♦hat the firafiwgg were a garn^t 
the weight of evidence and 
that he was not guilty. 

He said he was inthe area to 
visit his late father's home as 
part of the Jewish Yom 
Kippur festival He said he 
was forced to slow down and 
stop his car a number of times 
because of a temporary barrier 
and a one-way system. 

Sex eftange operation 
‘cannot after gender 9 

Mark Rees, aged 44, a 
woman who has undergone a 
sex-change operation to be- 
come a male, yesterday began 
his appeal to the European 
Court of Human Rights to 
force the Government to rec- 
ognize his new gender. 

Mr Rees at birth exhibited 
all the biological signs of a 
female. But in his childhood 
he displayed masculine be- 
haviour and was described as 
"ambiguous" in appearance. 

In his lain 20s, Mr Rees 
underwent a hormone treat- 
ment, changed his name and 
assumed the role of a male. He 

had later undergone a bilateral 
masectomy to complete his 
sexual conversion. 

At hearings before the court, 
Mr Rees argued that foe 
Government violated his ngnt 
to privacy by refusing to alter 
his birth certificate to reflect 
his new identity. He also 

claimed that in the eyes of the 
British law he is a woman and 
may not many, another 

Defending the 

Government's position, Mr 
Nicolas Biatza told the court 
that under Britifo • law a 
person's sex is determined by 
biological signs displayed at 
birth. Mr Rees, he said, “is a 
female and the gender reas- 
signment operation has not 
changed that". • 

The case, Mr Bratza argued, 
did not involve merely “mi- 
nor tinkering” with public 
records,' bin called for the 
“abandonment of the legal 
criteria fix' determining who is 
a and who is a woman". 

According to Mr Bratza, foe 
Government had' adopted a 
“h uman e and cn lightened” 
attitude towards transsexuals. 

The court took the case 
under advisement. 

Order on 

A man described as “foe 
best educated student in 
Britain" yesterday won Jus 
fight against a court order 
requiring him to repay £7,wU 
he received in council grants. 

Roger Scott, aged 45, of 
Jacobswefl Road, Bristol was 
. given an 1 8-month suspended 
sentence and ordered by. 
Gloucester Crown Court to 
pay back foe money after he 
admitted admitting making 
false grant cla i m s. 

Scott had studied ai Oxford 
and Bristol polytechnics and 
at Aberdeen and St Andrew 
Universities, having obtained 
grants of nearly £1.4.000, but 
never obtained a degree. 

In the Court of Appeal 
vesierday. Lord Justice Wat- 
kins said Scon had milked 
public funds for yearn, but tire 
compensation order had 
“about as many vices as it is 

possible fo have": ' . 

He said judges should not 
make orders which could not 
be paid- The order was wrong 
in faw and must be quashed. 

Image 9 
for USSR 

By David Hewson, 

Arts Correspondent . 

[TV’s Spitting Image satire, 
the BBC’s nodear drama 
Threads an d the soap operas 
Coronation Street and 
EaxtEaders are to be shown in 
Moscow fob summer as part 
of a short season of British 

The programmes wOl be 
shown for five nights at foe 
Moscow headquarters of foe 
Union of Cinematog rapher s as 
part of a reciprocal arrange- 
ment organized hf foe Great 
Britain-USSR Association. 

There are no plans for foe 
showing of any of foe pro- 
piim i« on Rassiaii- network 
television. Two years ago a 

week of Soviet television was 
shown at the National Film 

The festival will also mefafe 
an episode of Comrades, foe 
BBC’s docnmeataiy series 
about Russia, and Chairad rfs 
Max Headroom programme. 

video link 
for sites 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

A novel video network com- 
posed of glass fibre, linking 
seven sites of London Univer- 
sity has been unveiled amid 
boasts by its creators that it 
win revo h at ioaize research and 
university teaching. Called 
Livenet it wifi begin trials in 

The glass fibre optic cable, 
file width of a Inman hair, is 
.able to carry four colour 
teievisfon channels and associ- 
ated somd and two million 
pieces of information. 

The artwork to be developed 
jointly by British Telecom and 
file London University will 
allow individuals and groups 
to link np far tutorials, semi- 
nars, lectures and conferences. 
XetevisioD ca me ras, - micro-' 
plumes, televirion sets, and 
ofog video e qui pme n t at each 
location are the basic ingredi- 
ents of foe network.- The 
ogMk are carried from one 
location to another by foe 
glass fibre and controlled by a 
central co mpute r. 

Unveiling the system yester- 
day, Lord Flowers, Vice- 
Chancellor of London 
University, said: “This fibre 
optic network wifi do mere 
than any other single develop- 
ment to promote a truly federal 
way of working in file 

Train victim 
wins £30,000 

Elaine Brown, aged 25, of 
Brickct Wood, St Albans, 
Hertfordshire, who lost her 
left arm after slipping on an 
icy station platform and fall- 
ing under a train, was awarded 
£30,000 agreed damages at the 
High Court yesterday. 

She bad just celebrated her 
21st birthday when the acci- 
dent occurred in December 

Fire bravery 

Four men at Minipak Aero- 
sols of Runcorn. Cheshire, 
have received the Queen’s 
Commendation for Brave 
Conduct in an explosion and 
fire at the firm in last August 
that killed one worker and 
seriously injured 12 'others. 
Those commended were Mr 
Clement Cosford, Mr Paul 
Kerwin, Mr Robert Snape, 
and Mr Brian Urquhart 

Goldfish ban 

The Showmen's Guild an- 
nounced yesterday that gold- 
fish in plastic waleitiags will 
no longer be offered as prizes 
at the annual Sloe Fair at 
Chichester, West Sussex, after 
pressure from councillors and 
V irginia McKenna, the 

Appeal fails 

< Brian Harris, aged 50, a 
former optician given a life 
sentence for the hammer- 
lolling of his third wife, Edna, 
was refused leave to appeal 
Ms sentence by foe 

urt of Appeal in London 
yesterday. He had admitted 
manslaughter and has been in 
jail since last July. - 

blow to NHS 

By Our Soda! Services Correspondent 

Tfre Government's 2 Qp in- 
crease in prescription chai|es 

g^Aprill could co^mito 

tiiau save, money ^ for foe 
National Hcalfo Sennc*, 
according to foe Pharmaceuti- 
cal Scrvkes Nc&tialing Com- 

mince, which represents foe. 
10.000 pharmacists -m tn- 
afandand Wates^ _ 

Sleep increase in 

tion charg es 

doctors increasing long-term 

prescriptions by 50 per cent so 
that patients would pay only 
one charge instead of several, 
a survey by foe committee's 
checking bureau has shown. 

Mr Michael Brining, the 
committee's financial execu- 
tive, sai±“Doctors seem to be 
showing financial . sympathy 
for their patients..." 

. Mr Peter: Boardman, foe 
' committee's assistant secre- 
tary who carried out the 

survey, said: “This trend is 
likely to be accelerated by foe 
latest increase taking the pre- 
scription charge to £2.20. 

“The rise will bring in only 
some extra £14 million to foe 
Government, as against our 
estimate of £30 million lost 
through long-term ' prescrip- 
tions. Prescribing for periods 
of up to tbree > months makes 
neither financial nor medical 

Station plaza plan 

A £10 million project to 
build a double-deck shopping 
plaza with an airline check-in 
point and cafes over part of 
Victoria station was an- 
nounced by British Rail yes- 

Passengers will be able to 
take taxis or escalators from 
the main station to the new 
area which will lave a British 
Caledonian reception, a 

By Patrida Clough 

check-in for Gatwick airport 
and a new British Rail ticket 
office. There will also be 
access to foe Victoria coach 

The 72,000 square foot 
development over platforms 
13 to 19, to be known as the 

Victoria Shopping Plaza, will 
include cafes, fast food bars, a 
licensed bar and restaurant at 
foe mezzanine level 

John Francome (top), aged 
33, the recently retired cham- 
pion jockey, received the insig- 
nia of the MBE from foe 
Queen at a Backing ham Pal- 
ace investiture yesterday. He 
rode a record 1,138 winners 
over 15 years before a fall 
ended bis career. 

Now a trainer, he was 
created MBE for services to 
national bant racing. 

Beryl Reid (above) left her 
sick bed to collect ber OBE. 
Miss Reid, aged 65, said: "The 
Qneen told me bow lovely it 
was to see me." 

BMA renews call 
for boxing ban 
after fight death 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Correspondent 

The death of foe boxer 
Steve Wan three days after 
collapsing in the ring should 
make other fighters agree that 
foe sport be banned, foe 
British Medical Association 
said yesterday. 

Dr John Dawson, head of 
the BMA's professional and 
scientific division, said: "The 
death of this young man is a 
tragic warning to all boxers 
that this is a uniquely danger- 
ous sport, which we believe 
should be banned. 

"It is inevitable that any 
boxer who receives blows to 
the head will suffer some form 
of brain damage which will 
have long-term effects." 

Mr Watt, aged 27, foe 
Scottish welterweight champi- 
on, died in Charing Cross 
Hospital, west London, on 
Monday night. He had been in 
a coma after undergoing sur- 
gery last Friday to remove a 
blood dot from his brain. 

Mr Watt, who was bom in 
Glasgow and lived in Hayes, 
Middlesex, was carried from 
the ring on a stretcher in the 
tenth round of his bout with 
southern area welterweight 
champion Rockey Kelly at foe 
London West Hotel. 

A British Boxing Board of 
Control inquiry wiJ] be held 
next week into the fight. 

Mrs Renee Short, Labour 
MP for Wolverhampton north 
east, who wants stricter con- 
trols in boxing, said:"This is 
yet another indication of foe 
serious damage caused by 
boxing The head should be 
taken out as a target." 

The organs of Mr Watt were 
donated to hospitals for trans- 
plant operations yesterday, 
after his parents, gave their 
permission. “His death will 
help two or three people live," 
a spokesman for foe North 
West Thames Regional 
Health Authority said. 

Father feels 
guilt over 
son’s death 

From Tim Jones 

The father of Johnny Owen, 
the "matchstick man" from 
Merthyr Tydfil who died after 
trying to capture the world 
bantamweight title, yesterday 
blamed himself for his sob’s 

Mr Dick Owen, who was in 
the corner for the fight five 
years ago in Los Angeles 
against Lope Pintor, disclosed 
that his son had tried to 
conceal horrible injuries from 
the referee to make sure the 
fight went on. 

He said: “No one can be 
Mamed for his death but me. 1 
should have stopped it." 

The boxer died in hospital 
from brain damage without 
recovering constioosness six 
weeks after the fight. 

Mr Owen said that that in 
foe third roimd bis son suf- 
fered a bad gmn cut. His son 
died, be believed because he 
swallowed huge quantities of 
blood which weakened him. 

The discovery that his son, 
aged 24, had an abnormally 
thin skull eras partly responsi- 
ble for Che introduction of 
brain scans for boxers. 

The last British boxer to die 
after a fight was bantamweight 
champion Johnny Owen, aged 
24, from Merthyr Tydfil 
South Wales. 46 days after 
being knocked out by world 
champion Lupe Pintor at Los 
Angeles in September 1980. 

The last boxer to die after a 
fight in Britain was Young Aft, 
in December 1982 after being 
defeated by the present world 
featherweight champion, Bar- 
ry McGuigan. who neatly gave 
up boxing as a result 


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Parents form protest 
groups in alarm at 
school disruption 

By Lacy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Parent protest groups bave 
been formed around the coun- 
try in response to the teachers' 
industrial action, which con- 
tinues to disrupt schools in 
spite of the pay settlement. 

The parents support the 
teachers' case, if not their 
tactics, and are as concerned 
about the resources devoted to 
education as they are about 
the disruption of their chil- 
dren’s schooling. Groups have 
been formed in Leeds, Bristol. 
Richmond. Nottingham, Wal- 
tham Forest. South Wales. 
London and Lancashire, and 
in Basingstoke. Hampshire, 
which had successful 

In Basingstoke, parents are 
considering whether to be- 
come a local group of the 
Campaign for the Advance- 
ment of State Education 
(Case). Branches of the cam- 
paign have been formed re- 
cently in Gateshead, Durham, 
Harlow. Merton, Harrow, and 

Mrs Joan Sallis. Case chair- 
man. said that the great up- 
surge in parents' organizations 
had been prompted by the pay 
dispute, spending cuts, school 
closures and the creation of 
parent governors. One of the 
Basingstoke parents, Mrs 
Christine Northam, who has a 
son. aged 1 1. in the first year 

of Brighton Hill school,- a 
comprehensive which flour- 
ished until last year's pay 
dispute, says that the educa- 
tion service desperately needs 
an injection of cash and 
parental support. 

Her son, Thomas, began at 
n, full of 

the school last autumn 
enthusiasm and expecting to 
work hard. Mrs Northam said: 
*‘We were expecting an enor- 
mous amount of homework 
and it did not come, and then 
we got a strike notice and the 
alarm bells started ringing." 

As an authority which was 
targeted by the National 
Union of Teachers for inten- 
sive strike action, Hampshire 
was badly hit and 45 school 
days at Brighton Hill were 

Mis Northam and other 
parents began to bombard 
their local Conservative MP, 
Mr Andrew Hunter, with let- 
ters and telephone calls. 

Yesterday they visited him 
again to express their discon- 
tent at pay levels. Mrs 
Nonham said that teachers* 
confidence should be built up 
rather than knocked, and that 
parents were an important 
part of that process. 

Mrs Gina Burke, who has 
two children at Brighton Hill 
school, said she was afraid 

there would be more strikes by 
teachers again this year but 
said she would be more sym- 
pathetic than she was 

The demoralized head- 
teacher of the 1,000-pupil 
school. Mr Lawrence Shaw, 
said the pay dispute had had a 
detrimental effect on relations 
with staff An atmosphere of 
suspicion and resentment had 
been created at the schooL 

The two biggest unions are 
still refusing to do so-called 
voluntary duties, such as cov- 
er for absent colleagues. 

Parents are still not receiv- 
ing school reports on their 
children, there are no school 
productions or concerts, no 
pastoral meetings and no 
house assemblies or house 
activities. Teachers are not 
preparing for the new GCSE 
examinations, for which 14- 
year-olds will begin to study 
this autumn, because they are 
refusing to gp on training 

Representatives of the Na- 
tional Union of Teachers and 
National Association of 
Scboolmasters/Union of 
Women Teachers at the 
school said they would only go 
back to doing extra duties if 
they were written into 
contra cl 

N-waste bunkers 

By Pearce WrigjhvScieBce Eiiter 

ExploralOty drilling at four suing Board when the land was 
possible sites for nuclear wasre consitod for a power sta- 

bunkers could begin in May, 
according to the Nuclear In- 
dustry Radioactive Waste Ex- 
ecutive Bat before studies can 
eia at Elstow, near Bedford, 
hingholme, on South Hum- 
__nade, BradweU, in Essex,, 
and Fulbeck, in Lincolnshire, 
a restricted plantring permit is 

Over the next six to eight 
weeks the Department of the 
Environment will consult to-, 
ca! authorities and other 
xrups in the areas. A special 
_£vetopment order will then 
be presented to Parliament, 
requesting permission for the 
preliminary investigations. - 

The order must be laid 
before Parliament tor 40 days 
and may be debated. If reject- 
ed, Nirex would have to make 
new plans. 

If consent is given, Nircx 
will commission commercial 
contractors to drill 40 to 50 
boreholes on all sites. Cores 
taken from the holes will show . bv%UM _ 
the sequence of the geological be unsuitable, 
strata through the clay beds 
into which a banker oould be 
built. Several of the boles wifi 
measure any water flow across 
the site. ■- 

lion. The . bed at Elstow is 
classed as Oxford day. and it 
appears to taper from a thick- 
ness of IS -metres to 12 metres 
across the site. 

There' appears to be a 
thicker band at BradweU, 
where there is a layer .15 
metres deep of glacial drift 
material on lop of 50 metres of 
Lohdoh clay. But according to 
geological survey reports, the 
most extensive strata are ai 
Fulbeck. where the deposit of 
lower lias day formed about 
150 million years ago is 120 
metres thick. 

At Kiliingholme the boulder 
day, also deposited under 
glaciers, is 25 to 13 metres 
thick. ' 

Laboratory examination of 
the cores wifi establish the 
continuity of each clay bed If 
the deposits are fractured by 
intrusions of sand, gravel or 
other rock through which 
liquid could escape they could 

Mr Tom Henn, assistant scientific officer at the Kew herbarium, sifting through plants at 
the Royal Botanical Gardens gathered over the past 150 years which may help deserts to 
bloom. One specimen, "green glue", can bind desert sands (Photograph: Peter Trievnor). 

Woman bishop in US 
may ‘lead to disunity 9 

By Clifford Longley, Religions Affairs Correspondent 

The 28 Primates of the 
Anglican Communion, under 
the Archbishop of Canterbury, 
Dr Robert Run tie, have given 
warning to American Angli- 
cans that the ordination of a 
woman bishop by them could 
nave serious consequences for 
the nnity of Anglicanism. 

In a detailed theological 
statement after the Primates* 
meeting in Toronto, they list 
reasons -why any part of the 
Anglican comm onion should 
be careful before taking a step 
which could "become a focus 
of disunity". 

The issne is already threat- 
ening to divide the Church of 
England, with some English 
Anglicans, led by Dr Graham 
Leonard, the Bishop of Lon- 
don, talking of the possibility 
of a splinter movement He 

has said he would regard 
himself as out of communion 
with any woman bishop. 

The committee of Primates 
emphasizes in Its statement 
that each province of the 
Anglican communion is 
constitnlonally able to act as it 
wishes, and not even the 
Lambeth Conference, which 
next meets in 1988. could over- 
rule iL Giving various “ques- 
tions, opinions, and 
observations", the Primates 
say: “Decisions affecting the 
whole episcopate ought not to 
be made by one part of the 
Anglican communion alone." 

A church authorizing the 
consecration of a woman bish- 
op “should consider its re- 
sponsibility if the episcopal 
office became a focus of 
disonity,**4he primates add. . 

Chandler has 
clear lead 
in GLC chess 

Science Report 

By Harry Goloubek 
Chess Correspondent 

Study on risk from shellfish 

In principle, the underlying 
day beds should provide a 
natural seal to stop liquid 
leaking from the dump. 

. Knowledge of the sites' 
geology comes from published 
material and a precise study 
will develop from analysis 
lasting about 18 months. 

Some - drilling work was 
done 12 years ago at Elstow by 
the Central Electricity Gener- 

Tesis of the water flow will 
also check whether the land 
contains strata through which 
rain water flows into the 
public supply, either directly 
or from rivers and streams. 

Chemical analysis of the 
soil from each place will be 
used to tea bow the clay at 
each site reacts with concrete 
aggregate and other building 
materials for the dump. 

By the end of 1988, Nircx 
expects to have the data to 
request planning permission 
and a public inquiry will be 

At the end of round five in 
the GLC London Chess Chal- 
lenge at the Great Eastern 
Hotel in London, the lead is 
held by Murray Chandler, the 
former New Zealand Interna- 
tional Grandmaster, with 4Vi 

Next come the British play- 
ers Flear, Nunn, and Short 
with 3 and the Soviet 
Grandmaster Polugayevsky 
and Hungarian Grandmaster 
Ribli. Internationa] Master 
Glenn Flear. had a surprising 
win in round five over the 
Cambridge University 
matharaatician Jonathan 

Results in round five: 

B Larsen fc. R Vaoanlan vs: J Nunn Vi. 
N Short fc: M CNugy O. M Oiandlar 1: 
L PortBch 1. J Ptas tests L 

PotiMjayevsky ■*. J Speeiman Vi: Z 
RUjU Vi- B Spassky 'h : v J Mesiel a G 
Flear i. 

A reminder that contami- 
nated shellfish is among the 
most potentially lethal forms 
of food poisoning is contained 
in a report to the New England 
Journal of Medicine. 

It follows a study of 103 
outbreaks of gastroenteritis 
associated with contaminated 
oysters and dams affecting 
1,017 people in New York 
state over eight months. 

Commenting in the journal 
on the findings. Dr Herbert 
DuPont, a ptsHic health spe- 
cialist at Texas University, 
questioned whether pollution 
had made the risk of eating 
raw shellfish unacceptable. 

The question was raised by 
the discovery that the illnesses 
were unlik e previous out- 
breaks. The infecting organ- 
ism most frequently 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

implicated in these cases was 
the Norwalk virus. 

The most common symp- 
toms were diarrhoea, nausea, 
stomach cramps and vomiting. 
Incubation periods were gen- 
erally 24-48 hours brag, and 
the duration of illness was also 
24-48 boors. 

Analysis of people and 
shellfish for the nsnal bacteria 
strains were negative. Scien- 
tists working with Dr Dale 
Morse, of the New York State 
Department of Health, found 
the virus in blood samples in 
most cases. 

that temperatures .used to 
steam the shellfish were often 
inadequate to neotralize harm- 
ful organisms. 

In noting tins fiwdhtg- the! 
scientists said that a previous 
study had shown that .7 to 13 
per cent of polio vims organ- 
isms added to oysterssnmved 
eight to 30 minutes of various 
commonly used cooking 

Supplies cut as water 
boards owed £20m 

The Thames Water Author- 
ity this week is starting to 
disconnect water supplies to 
customers who have not paid 
their bills for 1985-86. 

Although the report looked 
at the spread of the disease 
from eating raw shellfish, a 
high rate of illness was report- 
ed from those who had eaten 
steamed dams. This showed 

They also noted that other 
research had shown that it 
took four to six minutes of I 
steaming for the internal tern- [ 
peratnre of soft-shell dams to 
reach 100 deg centigrade but it 
took only (60 seconds for their 
shells to open. 

At least 25.000 of the 
authority's 2,500.000 account 
holders are in arrears and owe 
a total of £4, million. 

Domestic and industrial us- 
ers throughout England and 
Wales now owe just under £20 
million, according to the Wa- 
ter Authorities Association. 

Source: New England Journal 
of Media neNol 314.No II, 
1986. ’ .. 

The association said: “Wa- 
ter supplies will only be cut off 
as a last resort" But supplies 
could be cut off in many 
regions if customers persis- 

tently refuse to pay their 

The Thames Water Author- 
ity has asked pensioners and 
families who race hardship in 
paying their bills to contact 
their local water authority 
office. - . 

Water charges, which will 
rise by an average of 8 per cent 
thisyear. have increased by an 
average of .29 per cent during 
the past five years, the associa- ’ 
tion said. 

• The Anglian Water Author- 
ity is to change the locks on 37 
kick gates along the River 
Nene. between Peterborough 
and Northampton.' to stop 
unregistered boat owners. 


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3. ".= • 

Kremlin protest on US 
warships adds to 
superpower tensions 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

??**«»“ headquarters in New sfbiiity for which will be 
3 *5*" X®* ^ last Friday’s expui- wholly on the United States,” 

the superpowers took a dra- 
matic new twist yesterday 
when the Kremlin delivered a 
strong written protest to the 
US Embassy in Moscow over 
the alleged violation by US 
warships of Soviet territorial 
waters in the Blade Sea. 

A US E m b as sy spokesman 
later confirmed that the pro- 
test note had been delivered, 
but declined to give further 
details, raying that it was a 
diplomatic communication. ' 

Tass said that “the 
embassy's attention was 
drawn to the fact that the 
action was of a demonstrative, 
defiant nature and pursued 
clearly provocative aims”. 

Yesterday’s unusual protest, 
came after recent angry ex- 
changes between the Kremlin 
and the White House over 
American demands for a 40 
per cent cut in Soviet diplo- 
mats based at the United 

Helsinki is 
by strike 

Helsinki (Reuter) — Finnish 
state employees, on a two-day 
walkout which has halted 
trains, disrupted flights and 
closed post offices, announced 
they would strike indefinitely 
from. April 2 if no wage 
settlement was reached. 

As many as 42,000 civil 
servants and other public 
workers began the stoppage at | 
midnight on Monday io press 
for higher wages, saying their 
incomes had fitllen sharply 
behind the private sector. 

Britons held 

Santander (Reuter) — Two 
Britons, identified as Alan 
Liddle, aged 45, and June 
Grace Russell, aged 38, both 
from London, were detained 
in this Spanish port for alleg- 
edly attempting to smuggle 
711b of hashish out of the 

Sikh suicide 

Yoric and last Friday’s expul- wholly on the United States,” 
son of a second secretary the agency added, with what 
from foe US Embassy here for appeared a deliberate note of 
alleged spying. ambiguity. 

mounting. b anage of antMjS Mrf « 

the two governments to make ‘SSLSUSL 

any progress towards resoly- SSSSfitSSW tofSo V? 

mg the deadlock over the date 61 te " ltor * a * waters. 

of this year’s scheduled sum- The Tass statement added 

mix in Washington. Mr that the Soviet Foreign Minis- 

Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
has twice hinted that be win 
not take part if agreements on 
arms control cannot be 

According to Tass, the US 

5 y bad demanded “that the 
S side take proper measures 
to rule out similar pro vocative 
actions in the future”. 

Western observers said that 
both the timing and tough 

. ..... I 

*±* '' 

7* -'-r? 

,** ... * \ 

T 55 languag e of ihe Soviet pnnen I Michele Sindona in the dock in Milan. He ms not present for jKterday's verdict. 

the southern coast of the 
Crimean Peninsula last 

- “Such violations,” the note 

seemed certain to cause a 
further deterioration in the 
diplomatic dimate between 
Moscow and Washington. 

emphasized, “can have sen- This has grown markedly 
ous consequences, the respop- more hostile in recent weeks. 

Challenge to Sandinistas 

Sindona gets life for killing 

From John Carlin, Managua 

The Roman Catholic estab- 
lishment is seen by the Sandi- 
nista Government of Nica- 
ragua as more formidable 
opposition than the Contra 
rebels who, despite Wash- 
ington's support, have made 
relatively little military or 
political headway after four 
years of fighting. 

“The Church doesn’t carry 
machine guns, “it doesn't fire 
bullets. But it does fire ideas, 
and that is a powerful 
arsenal,” the Interior Minis- 
ter, Srifor Tomas Borge, said. 

Cantina] Miguel Obando, 
head of ‘the Nicaraguan 
Church and an implacable 
critic of the Sandinistas, re- 
marked typically in an inter- 
view that Nicaragua was 
“heading towards totalitarian 

The Cardinal exercises im- 
mense influence over an over- 

more hostile in recent weeks. Milan (Renter) — A Milan 
~ , court yesterday sentenced the 

Sandinistas Sicilian financier, Michele 

■ ■ ■ Sindona, to life in prison for 

_ c ordering the murder in 1979 of 

Church bigger foe jgjjL “ins 
than the Contras 

ican accused of acting as 
I in, Managua intermediary between Sindona 

M , and Wflfiam Joseph Arico, 
of words between the Church w bo the prosecution claimed 

f Atrm mcme uuiuaux uver <tu uver- 

SinghJtode, toXS ^eimingly Roman Catholic 

of the bte fondaiSLlist J2S?S 

leader Sant Janiail Singh S!2r55I^12£iiS^2i£ 
Bhindranwale, apparent deiroim«_^dmista “pers- 

mmmitted suicide hv throw- ? cuU 5 M1 . 

committed suicide by throw- . 
ing binself m fiohfbra train. ^ thtt^ 

Shuttle search 

Cape Canaveral (AP) — The widely, will never quite con- 
salvage ship USS Preserver solidate their revolntfonaxy 
arrived with more debris from nip oh Nicaragua while 
the space shuttle Challenger's Church resistance to them 
cabin and apparently more remains. “The Church will 
astronaut remains. never take power itsd£ of 

TImt rocmiorl course, but it could pave the 
JDUj IvatUvu way for someone else to do so. 

Miami (Reuter) - A 16- That's what makes the Sandi- 
year-old boy found floating off mstas .uneasy, aLatmAmen- 
Florida in a car tyre inner tube can diplomat said. _ . 
said be spent five days drifting Since the beginning of the 

towards the US from Cuba. in Washington over 

— _ , President Reagan’s proposal 

I VClone Turv for $100 million (£67 million) 

* _ . in fresh aid to the flagging 

Antana ^?]iSi^ cut i r ^ Contras, the long-running war 

Shuttle search 

Boy rescued 

said be spent five days drifting 
towards the US from Cuba. 

Cyclone fury 

and the Sandinistas has 

Most venomous have been 
the exchanges between 
churchmen themselves, be- 
tween those aligned with the 
conservative Obando camp 
and the pro-Samfinista priests. 

Earlier this month Father 
Miguel D’Escoto, the Nicara- 
guan Foreign Minister, ac- 
cused Cardinal Obando of 
being “an accomplice in the 
murder of his people”. He said 
the Cardinal was guilty of an 
abominable sin in having 
foiled treacherously to con- 
demn the very existence, let 
alone the alleged atrocities, of 
the Contras. 

Priests close to Cardinal 
Obando have said in' inter- 
views that they believe Father 
D’Escoto is “losing his mind” 
and ought to be 

Last week his closest ally in 
the Church, Bishop Pablo 
Vega, provoked rabid editori- 
als in the official Sandinista 
press after he appeared in 
Washington with Contra lead- 
ers. One paper branded him a 
“pastor of terrorists”. 

President Ortega said Cardi- 
nal Obando and Bishop Vega 
had gone to the US at the 
invitation of the CIA and 
President Reagan in order to 
“slander the Nicaraguan revo- 
lution and give Reagan argu- 
ments to justify his terrorist 

In their US-financed pro pa- j 
ganda publications the ; 
Contras have used photo- ! 
graphs of Cardinal Obando, 
appropriating him as a friend 
of their cause. 

C a rdinal Obando, however. 

has was hired to kin the lawyer, 
Giorgio AmbrosolL 

Sindona, aged 65, and 
Venetocd were extradited to 
Italy m 1984 from the United 

States, where Sindona was 
sewing a 25-year sentence for 
fraud connected with the col- 
lapse of his Franklin National 

Last year another Milan 
court sentenced Sindona to 15 
years for fraud in connection 
with the failure of his Italian 
banking empire in 1974. 

It was not known whether 
Sindona, who was not in court 
for the verdict, would be sent 
back to the US to finish 
sewing his 25-year term. 

Sindona was convicted of 
paying Arico, an Italian Amer- 
ican, to kill Ambrosoli, four 
years after the lawyer was 

appointed to wind np 
Sindona's bank, the Banca 
Private Italians. 

Arico died in 1984, appar- 
ently while trying to escape 
from a New York jail after 
giving evidence to US judicial 
officials that Sindona had paid 
him £40,000 (£27,000) for the 
m order. 

Sindona rose from modest 
origins to become a high ; 
financier and Vatican adviser. ; 

The prosecution claimed 
that be wanted to rid himself 
of Ambrosoli because the law- 
yer opposed his efforts to drum , 
np political support for a plan 1 
to revive his businesses in 1 

Chirac to 

Continued from page 1 

and without compromise or 


He insists that the President 
guarantees that he will honour 
to the letter Article 20 of the 
Constitution, under which the 
Government is given the pow- 
er “to determine and carry out 
the policies of the nation”. 

He also insists that the 
Prime Minister share with the 
President the right to make 
derisions on foreign policy 
and defence matters, suggest- 
ing that the Prime Minister 
should, for example, accom- 
pany the President to interna- 
tional summits. 

M Chirac has been the 
front-runner for Prune Minis- 
ter all along and is backed by 
the two main right-wing par- 
ties and most of the 14 new 
“diverse right” deputies on 
whose support the two parties 
are going to have to depend to 
form an absolute majority in 
the National Assembly. 

Ten years ago, M Chirac 
made history by becoming the 
first Prime Minister under the 
Fifth Republic to resign his 
post voluntarily. 

He now looks likely to make 
history by becoming the first 
Prime Minister under the 
Fifth Republic to be appoint- 
ed by a President of a party 
opposed to bis own. 

Contrary to some expecta- 
tions, it appears that President 
Mitterrand wanted to move 
quickly after Sunday's elec- 
tions to nominate a new Prime 
Minister and gel a new gov- 
ernment into place to avoid 
giving an impression abroad 
of instability and weakness. 

Election lesson, page 12 

Italian wines seized 
after three deaths 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

About 5,000 bottles of wine supermarkets and stocks are 
were s eized , from the shelves understood to show an illegal- 
of three supermarket chains in |y high content of methyl 
Italy when three people died alcohoL Wine treated with 
after drinking wines from the methyl alcohol can be lethal if 
same producer. drunk in lar^e quantities.The 

The victims were In the formers’ union in Asti says 
Milan area, but the investiga- price is the consumers’ best 
tion has been extended to indicator. If it is too low. 
Piedmont and Liguria, where quality may alro be low. 

EEC says refund may 
have to be returned 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

The EEC Commission yes- ready paid £18 million to- 
terday confirmed that Britain wards the additional 

would be. repaid £18 million 
after the European Court at 
Luxembourg ruled that spend- 
ing added to its 1986 budget 
was illegal But it then warned 


Officials said the money 
would be returned but that 
Britain had only proved there 

iZiSEdSl wb a prima facie case against 

that Mondays verdict could the Parliament, 
be reversed in the summer. 

the wines are also on sale. 
They are Barbera and a cheap 
white wipe, both bottled by 

The three victims, who 
suffered severe pain in the 

Britain won an interim 
injunction against the Partia- 

A Commission spokesman 
said the exact budget for 1 986 

the Odore company of Incisa head and intestine, are said to 
Scapacrini near Asti, but not have been alcoholics. Two 

merit, thus freezing extra would not be known until next 
spending on social and region- month. 


other people have been treated 

Tests on bottles from the but are out of danger. 

al funds until July, arguing 
that it would cause “serious 
and irreparable damage” to 
Britain. However, it had al- 

The Commission is expect- 
ed to call for another £2 billion 
before the 1987 budget guides 
lines are set in the summer. 

Man faces 

From Christopher Mosey 

Swedish police have now 
charged a man with the mur- 
der of the assassinated Prime. 
Minister, Mr Olof Palme. He 
will appear in court tomorrow. 

Victor Gunnarsson, aged 32, 
a former watchman, was origi- 
nally arrested on March 12 cur 
suspicion of complicity in the. 
in order of Mr Palme. The 
: charge against him now is of. 
“complicity as perpetrator”. 

Mr Hans Nielsson, a Stock- 
holm lawyer, told The Times: 
“Under Swedish law a man. 
can be a perpetrator of a 
munfer such as this without 
actually holding the gun or 
pulling the trigger. 

“He could hand the gun to 
someone else who then fires it 
But he is still charged with 

Police are now investiga ting 
his links with the European. 
Workers' Party, an extreme 
right-wing political group: 
based in Weisbaden in West- 
Germany, which has for sever- 
al years conducted a virulent 
campaign against Mr Palme 
and which advocates Sweden 
abandoning its policy of neu- 
trality and joining Nato. 

Mr Gnnnarsson’s name ap- 
pears on a list of party 
members registered with the 
Swedish taxation anthority in 

The party was responsible 
for the printing of much of the 
anti-Palme literature found in 
Mr Gnnnarsson's flat in a 
suburb south of Stockholm. 

Mr Michael Eriksson, 
spokesman for the European 
Workers* Party in Stockholm, 
yesterday denied that the par- 
ty was involved in the assassi- 
nation of Mr Palme. He said 
Mr Gunnarsson was no longer 
a party member. 

The hunt continued yester- 
day for the magnum revolver 
thought to have been used to 
shoot Mr Palme. Police 
searched a churchyard and a 
cinema into which Gunnars- 
son is alleged to have dashed 
some time after a bite-night 
film had started and not long, 
after the murder of Mr Palme 
on February 28. 

Gnnnarsson's 34-year-old 
former wife, who now lives in 
the United States told the 
Stockholm evening newspaper 
Aftonbladet. “For him the 
USA was the angel and the 
Soviet Union the devil and be- 
thought Palme would lead' 
Sweden into the devil's grasp.” 

many as 20,000 people have 
been made homeless fey cy- 
clone damage on the East 
African island of Madagascan 

Liberia march 

Monrovia (Reuter) — Thou- 
sands of Liberian schoolchil- 
dren marched through the 
capital in the biggest demon- 
stration against President Doe 
in more than two years, 
demanding payment of salary 
arrears to their teachers. 

Vote rigging 

Rome (Reuter) - Police 
here said they had arrested 48 
people on charges of tamper- | 
ing with votes during polling 
for the Italian general election ! 
in 1983. ! 

Hirohito tryst 

Tokyo (Reuter) - Emperor 
Hirohiio of Japan braved 
chilly weather just before 
dawn to keep a second tryst 
with Halley’s Comet Aged 84, 
he first saw the comet as a 
child 76 years ago. 

Gas grant 

Dhaka (Reuter) - Britain 
will give Bangladesh £25' mil- 
lion for natural gas explora- 
tion under an accord signed 

Ariane launch 

Paris (Reuter) - The count- 
down for today's launch of the 
European Ariane-3 rocket 
from the jungle space centre at 
Kourou, French Guiana, is on 
schedule. The rocket will put 
two telecommunications sat- 
ellites into orbit. 

Street panic 
in Malaysia 
bomb blasts 

Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia 
(Reuter) — Four bombs ex- 
ploded in the Sabah logging 
town of Sandakan yesterday, 
killing a newspaper seller, 
wounding . three policemen 
and causing panic in . the 
streets, police said. 

The bombings came in a 
wave of unrest in the past 
week in the east Malaysian 
state, where Muslim opposi- 
tion supporters are trying to 
oust the mainly Christian 

Three people have been 
tilted and seven hurt in the 

An arson attack killed two 
women in nearby Tawau late 
last week and bombs here 
earlier hurt four people. There 
have been numerous bomb 
hoaxes, fires and demonstra- 
tions by militant Mu s li m s. 

ers. One paper branded him a T-maw* 

“^or of terrorists”, 1X5111 S51VS 

President Ortega said Cardi- # w 

nal Obando and Bishop Vega if niyA/nlf A/1 
had gone to the US at the Jllr ff JL CLUCU 
invitation of the CIA and 

President Reagan in order to TISKVSI I hCIGA 
“slander the Nicaraguan revo- ^ UtlkJv 

Iution and give Reagan argu- Tehran (Reuter) — Iranian 
mentis to justify his terrorist forces have destroyed Iraq’s 
policies”. main naval base and bombed 

In their US-financed pro pa- an area near the highway from 
ganda publications the Baghdad to Basra, a war 
Contras have used photo- communique claimed 
graphs of Cardinal Obando, yesterday, 
appropriating him as a friend The report said: “Ground 
of their cause. force and naval units of the 

Cardi n al Obando, however, Islamic Revolution's Guards 
denies any links with them* Corps . . destroyed the only 
— : Iraqi naval base and jetty in 

Fines on royal Tehranradfo said irrepara- 

tour firehose _tt^damage “by the 

nronlrcforc heavy fire of long-range artil- 

. pra Dlia lCfa lery of ground force ana naval 

Sydney - A prank aimed at 

the Queen and Duke of Edm- The base, 31 miles south- 
burgh during their recent tour west of Basra, fraq's second 

of Australia led to fines of ™ajor city, is linked to the 
$Aus200 (about £95) each for northern GiUf by a waterway 

two young men who doused 
royal-watchers with a firehose 
(Stephen Taylor writes). 

Liam McBride, aged 18, and 
Fred Saad, aged 24, pleaded 
guilty at a district court in 

captured by Iran in its “Dawn 
8” offensive launched on Feb- 
ruary 9. Shortly after that 
offensive began, Iran said it 
was able to block access to the 
base and thus outlets for Iraqi 

Sydney to offensive behav- naval units to the Gulf. But 
four. They hosed a crowd yesterday was the first time it 
from a building opposite a had reported shelling the base 
hotel where a royal reception ’ lse ^ 


was being held on March 4, 
mid narrowly missed the 
Queen. Saad said:“We were 
up there to get a better view 
and saw the hose and thought 
it would be a good prank.” 

• BAGHDAD: Iraq said its 
aircraft yesterday attacked an 
Iranian oil refinery at Isfahan, 
reducing it to rubble (Reuter 

“Our war planes raided the 

They later sent a letter of refinery . . . dropping ions of 
apology to the Queen. They explosives and reducing it to 
faced a maximum fme of smouldering piles,” a military 
$Aus250 and three months spokesman said. 

Sabre rattles in the Golan 

From Ian Murray, Allone Habashan, Golan Heights 
Mrs Dina Hoffman from any Syrian attempt to grab when they went to live there. 

Manchester lives in a red- 
roofed little house here in what 
President Assad of Syria says 
should be “the heart” of his 
coma try. The house is 40 miles 
from Damascus and 100 miles 
from Jerusalem. More rele- 
vant to Mrs Hoffman is tile 
fact that it is little more than 
one mOe inside the Israeli 

ceasefire fine across the Golan 


Police accused Israel ^ * 

Warsaw (AFP) - Mr Wa- a strc ^ note of protest at tire 

demar Chrostowski, the 
chauffeur of Father Jerzy 
Popieluszko, the pro-Sobdan- 
ty priest muttered by three 
policemen m October 1984, 
filed a corn plaint charging that 
his 23-year-old son had been 
beaten up by Polish police. 

Peak fitness 

Chamonix (AP) - R?™* 
climber Jean-Mam B o iv in . 
aged 34. succeeded yesterday 
in scaling four north-race 
SopS^fl 3.000ft French Al- 
pine peaks in 20 hours, return- 
ing to base each time by 
parachute or hang gl ide r. 

United Nations about what it 
considers fadangeronssahre- 
istffing by President Assad. In 
claiming that this remote and 
hgantifirf area should become 
the heart of his couutry, the 
Syrian leader has pven new 
force to the old Israeli fear of 
an invasion to win back the 
strategic heights. . 

.This little c o mmun ity is the 
nearest one to the Syrian fine 
built at a point where what the 
UN calls the AQS (Area of 

Separation) between the Israe- 
li and Syrian troops is at its 
narrowest It is along h«* that 
Israeli Army planners believe 

back a foothold on the Golan 
would be made. Between here 
and Damascus are six 
armoured divisions. With de- 
termination and luck they 
could be here half an hour 
after leaving Syrian territory. 

In the two years since she 
moved into the tiny Moshav 
co-operative here with her 
husband, Yossi, Mrs Hoffman 
has come to five with those 
fears. They are, she says, 
never spoken of. At the same 
time the quiet and peaceful 
lifestyle of the Moshav has to 
be bunt around defence. 

Just behind it, high on the 

hIB to the east, is (me of the .Is- 
raeli listening points prying 
into Syria. Mrs Hoffinan has 

never climbed that uearby hilL 
Her journeys westwards are 
down roads often congested by 
Army manoeuvres, past moor- 
land where Israeli tanks in 
preservative vacuum packs are 
parked ready for action. 

Twice a week her husband 
has to take his torn patrolling 
the fence at night with the 
guns with which ho was issued 

New settlers are told what to 
do if there is danger. If one or 
two raiders have got through 
the ceasefire lines, families are 
ordered to pull down their 
metal shutters, lock the door 
trad to sleep only with the 
family rifle nearby. 

If there is greater danger 
women and children have to go 
down to the shelters while the 
men are sent on to the roofs 
with their guns ready to fight 

It would be wrong, however, 
to think of the community 
firing in a state of fear. Mrs 
Hoffman claims H is safer bere 
than in the cities, where home- 
made bombs go off almost 

Other settlers, like Mr Eli 
Levy, share her view that the 
settlement has not been built 
as a first line of Israeli defence 
against a Syrian invasion. He 
seemed quite uu concerned that 
a runaway Syrian tank thrust 
could soon come over the hills. 
”1 came here because I love 
this country,” he said. Presi- 
dent Assad said he feels the 
same way. 

The paperclip is a classic example of 
practical design. Just the sort of innovation 
that makes small businesses grow large. 

Mobil, through good design and 
technical ingenuity are leaders in the field 
of petroleum product technology. During 
Industry Year, together with the Design 
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Growth ’86. It’s a competition specifically 
for small businesses. 

Design for Growth 

The aim is to help small companies 
which have innovative ideas or products - 
and bring them into the public eye. With a 
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Philippines troubles rumble on 

Ceasefire efforts under 
threat from flare-up 

in communist attacks 

From Keith Datam 


A flare-up in «ww»mm f rt 
rebel attacks in the. Philip. 
pines, m which 4S people have 
died, is jeopardizing military 
and church efforts to strength- 
en the current de facto 
ceasefire in the 17-rear 

The bloodiest dash since 
the February 7 poD left 
IS rebels, seven soldiers and 
the wife of an man 

after a heavily armed band of 
100 New People's Army 
(NPA) guerrillas »« Pfkff ri a 
rice warehouse and com- 
pound in northern Cagayan 

A roadside amhnfo i by 30 
NPA members in central Ne- 

ment workers e *aaui^foi£ 
militiamen in a Jeep on a 
mountain highway. 

NPA liquidation squads 
were Warned for the execu- 
tion-style killing of three para- 
military troopers in Pagadian 
city on the war-lorn southern 
island of Mindanao. Further 
south, in Davo city, seven 
people were killed in two 
shooting incidents. 

The nationwide incidents 
were, however, sporadic and 
isolated, and mihtaxy officials 
believe the attacks are pockets 

Rights Inquiry 

Manila (Rentier) — Presi- 
dent Aquino yesterday named 

JwSbo, to beadaFfrilip- 
pines human rights commis- 
tion with wide-ranging 
powers, IndmUng the right to 
reopen investigations fam her 
husband's murder. KiiHnp^ 
torture and other vhriatioas 
wader the former Marcos gov- 
ernment will also be 
investigated. ' 

of renewed rebel activity in 
traditional “hot spots" rather 
than an all-out resumption of 

fi ghting . 

A de facto ceasefire, called 
before the election and essen- 
tially still in force since the 
ousting on February 25 of 
former President Marcos, ap- 
pears to be holding in most 
parts of the country. 

Both sides agree that the 
level of fighting is much 
reduced from last year’s daily 
average of 10 dashns and 15 

Communist Party leaders 
have denied official claims at 
the weekend that a ceasefire is 
in effect in three central 
islands - Negros, Cebu and 
Bohol — although military 

officials report declined rebel 

The head of the Roman 
Catholic Church on Negros 
island. Bishop Antonio 
Fortich, in a private meeting 
with President Aquino, of- 
fered the help of the 110- 
member Catholic Bishops 
Conference of the Philippines 
in her attempts to initiate a 
six-month ceasefire and peace 
talks with the estimated 
1 6.000 left-wing guerrillas. 

■ “We should ask the New 
People's Army leadership if 
they are interested in 
reconciliation,*' the Defence 
'Minister, Mr Juan Ponce 
Enrile said. “Over the last 
week we have lost a number of 
government people to rebel 
raids despite official ceasefire 

Mr Enrile also accused Mr 
Marcos of attempting to sow 
intrigue in the new govern- 
ment by suggesting they bad 
entered into a political agree- 
ment during the three-day 
military revolt. 

The defence chief said he 
had made no agreement with 
Mr Marcos before, during or 
after the revolt and said that 
he had categorically rejected a 
last-minute proposal that Mr 
Marcos become “honorary 
president** while he ran a 
provisional government 

Marcos riches hunt aided 

From Michael Binyira, Washington 

A federal judge has refused 
to bar the release to the 
Philippines Government of 
copies of hundreds of finan- 
cial documents brought to 
Hawaii by former President 
Ferdinand Marcos. 

This allows the State De- 
partment to give the special 
Philippines investigating com- 
mission the records it believes 
essential in tracking down die 
vast wealth and holdings of 
the Marcos family overseas. 

The ruling by the US Court 
of International Trade in New 
York on Monday came after 
Mr Marcos had attempted 
through two aides to Nock 
their release by the US Cus- 
toms Service, which has been 
holding them since their arriv- 
■ al on a US plane. Mr Marcos, 
who is still staying at the 
Hickam Air FonoyJB^se zn 
Hawaii, was not a party to the 
suit The judge ruled that foe 
aides had no standing to assert 
foeir claims on his behalf 

Last week Mr Jovito 
Salonga, bead of foe Aquino 

jobs fast 

From John Best 

A Canadian senator, aged 
62, today a l ter s the ninth day 
of a hunger strike called to 
draw attention to Canada's 
“tost generation** of meat- 
ployed yooH people. 

Senator J*cq» Hebert, of 

Montreal, has been subsisting 

on mineral water since he 
started his Cast at noon on 
March 10 in the rotunda 
outside the Senate chamber. 

Daring the day, he holds 
court with a steady stream of 
well-wishers, journalists and 
the merely cmfewas, who come 
to visit him and talk about the 
gigantic social problem. 

At ni g h* , he crawls into a 
plain Mne bedroll and goes to 
sleep on the marble floor. At 
the weekend doctors pro- 
nooBced him healthy*®* 
but he says begets tired ta* 
the non-stop daytime 
a udienc es. 

Senator Hfcbert, a dose 
friend of Canada’s former 
Liberal prune minister, Mr 
Pierre Trudeau, began foe 
strike after the Conser vative 
Government dedsioa to scrap 
a youth community-service 
programme called Katimayik, 

which he hdped to foand when 
Mr Tradeaa was in offira. 

In a letter to foe Prune 

Minister, Mr Brian Mnlrouey, 
be vowed to continue ius 
protest until the Gowrasnent 

shows it intends to take action 
on youth unemployment. 

Government commission in- 
vestigating Mr Marcos's 
wealth, arrived here for talks 
with foe Administration, 
which has promised to cooper- 
ate in foe attempts to return 
money legally belonging to the 
Manila Government- A Con- 
gressional subcommittee has 
also asked for copies of the 
1,500 documents to help its 
investigation into Marcos 
property and other holdings in 
the US. 

Mr Marcos is reported to be 
furious at the bad publicity he 
has received since his amvaL 
American television has 
shown at length the video 
tapes oflavish parties given by 
Him and his wife Tmekfa, 
dwelling on the treasure trove 
of clothing and luxuries left, 
behind in the Malacanang 
Palace. Mr Stephen Solarz, 
bead of the House committee 
on Asian and. Pacific affairs, 
has just returned from Manila 
and said that compared to Mrs 
Marcos, Marie- Antoinette was 
a “hag lady** (down-and-out). 

Mr Marcos is also said to be 
insulted by what he sees as the 
lack of respect from foe Rea- 
gan Administration, which 
promised him safety and dig- 
nity in the US. He Iras pul out 
feelers about possibly moving 
to Spam, Mexico or Panama. 
But Spain has already made 
dear that the ousted President 
would not be offered a haven 

Ironically, Mr Marcos is 
protected here by the fact that 
there is no extradition treaty 
between Manila and Washing- 
ton, something be pushed for 
when President. The Stale 
Department, however, always 
held back because it feared Mr 
Marcos would use it to bring 
back his political opponents 
living in the US. 

Meanwhile, his dosest aide. 
General Fabian Ver, has been i 
subpoenaed to testify in a j 
Washington suburb before a 1 
federal grand jury looking into 
foe possible misuse of US 
military aid to the Philippines. 


-afire * 

V v'. : 

rerv 1 ■■ 

Princess Cristina, danghter of King Juan Carlos of Spain, 
dipping her feet in the sea at Cannes yesterday before com- 
peting in a water-skiing event on the French Riviera. 

of a 

From Michael Hamlyn 

* Mrs Pathmavathy 
Snnfoeralingam, a short dark 
woman with round features, 
aged 30, did not look at the 
wall as she spoke. She ges- 
tured to ft with diffident flicks 
of foe back of her hand. It was 
spattered low down with a 
brown stain like a hnge gob of 
betel juice. 

“This is where I found my 
son's body,* 1 she explained. 
Then there was a catch in her 
voice and her brown eyes 
moistened and died. “His 
bead," she said, “was over 
there, on the other side of the 

Her son, Mayntharam, aged 
seven, was in the chili field on 
foe other side of the wall, 
watering the haw tree when 
the bombs felL He was with a 
young servant boy, his com- 
panion, Sergar, aged 12. He 
too was killed by the bomb 
which fell in the field. HJs legs 
were severed. 

The children were victims of 
a bombing raid by the Sri 
I jnican aimed forces aimed at 
a home 40 yards away which 
they said was a hideout for 
Tamil rebel guerrillas, fight- 
ing to establish a separate 

TamiU l wnimi^ ytatp in the 

north and east of the island. 

The local residents say — 
they would, of course — that it 
was not a rebel hideout but 
simply a residence for some 
young people winking at a 
weaving factory nearby. But 
whether or not it was a hideout 
or a hostel, the government's 
intelligence cannot have been 
too accurate for at the time 
they struck, the young people 
were out at work and the only 
people killed in the raid were 
the elderly caretaker and the 
two boys. 

Other people were lucky. 
Mrs Raja Stvalmgam, whose 
doctor husband was away in 
Colombo, beard the plane 
rirefing before the attack and 
ran to ride in her outside too, 
which had a heavy concrete 
roof. Her boose was badly 
damaged by bombs which fell 
in the road between her home 
and foe big bouse opposite, but 
she was safe. The business- 
man who lived next to the 
“hideout” had his house com- 
pletely destroyed, but he was 
oat at work and so lived. 

The raid was one of a series 
oa suspected guerrilla hide- 
outs in foe Jaffita district, the 
most densely populated Tamil 
area in the island republic 
They woe made by helicop- 
ters and fixed-whig Italian 
two-seater turbo-prop planes 
which have bomb and rocket 
racks jury-rigged on to th em , 
The bombing raids have 
now been stopped on orders of 
foe National Security Minis- 
ter, Mr Lalith 
Afoilathmadali, who told me 
they were too inaccurate. 
Rockets are more accurate, but 
they too have been stopped for 
a week, as part of anew peace 
initiative from the Sri Lankan 
Government. The initiative 
has so for been rejected by the 
m ilitan t groups. It b possible 
to see why the aerial bombard- 
meat is n useful tool for the 
government forces. Since foe 
ceasefire of last autumn foe 
armed forces in foe Jaffna 
district have been more or less 
entirely confined to barracks, 
those barbed- wire entangle- 
ments around forts or airports 
"or police stations. Control of 
the streets and fields has been 
left to the rebels. The air raids 
give foe armed forces the 
feeling that the initiative is not 
wholly lost and enables them 
to carry foe war to the militant 

When I visited the Jaffna 
Peninsula during the ceasefire 
last year, there was a good 
deal of feeling against foe 
militants. They had upset 
local opinion with a series of 
hratal robberies and there was 
a hankering for the r e t ain of 
foe Sri Lankan police to keep 
order. That feeling has now 
virtually gone. 

“The boys" are once again 
seen as the only defenders foe 
local population has against 
foe armed forces* terror. “Be- 
fore there was a line, however 
foin, between foe militants and 
foe people,” said Professor A. 
Sivathamby, chairman of the 
local citizens’ committees. 
“Now that line has 

Row rages over gay 
rights in New York 

From Christopher Thomas, New York 

Concrete slab blocks 
hotel woman’s rescue 

A fierce political fight w 
raring in New York over a 
plan to forbid discrimination 
against homosexuals in em- 
ployment, housing and public 

Every year for the p est 1 3, 
the city councO has thrown 
out homosexual rights testa- 
tion. but suddenly, t w 
council committee has voted 
heavily in firaour of wide- 
ranging protection for gays. 

The council is to vote on the 
proposals next week ana foe 
latest unofficial count shoe's 
that the 35 -member council is 
frfping one or two votes m 
fevour of the measures. Mayor 
Edward Koch supports foe 

proposals. Some of the most 
vocal opposition, to the Bill 
comes from Hasidic Jews. The 
Roman Catholic Archdiocese 
of New York has also attacked 
the measures, .saying they 
would be against the public 

But the Rev Paul Moore, 
Episcopalian Bishop of New 
York, issued a statement that 
was read at Sunday services: 
“We New Yorkers are proud 
of our city's record of protect- 
ing all citizens. It is high time 
we eliminated foisjast vestige 
of discrimination." 

' Most New York Jewish 
leaders have also spoken in 
favour of the Biff . 

Singapore (AP, Reuter) — 
Rescue workers tunnelling to- 
wards a woman whose voice 
was heard from the rubble of a 
hold that collapsed last week 
had to give up yesterday when 
they ran into a concrete slab. 

Mr Russell Blade, a New 
Zealander who is a construc- 
tion manager on Singapore's 
new underground system, said 
workers believed they were 
within a yard of the woman 
when they encountered a diffi- 
cult section of concrete. They 
began digring another tunnel 
from a different direction. 

The body of an unidentified 
woman was recovered yester- 
day. raising foe confirmed 
death toll to 11. 

Rescuers freed 16 survivors 

in three days of digging since 
the New World Hotel col- 
lapsed on Saturday. Mr Um 
Siam Kim. director of opera- 
tions at the Home Amirs 
Ministry, said about 75 people 
were believed to be trapped in 
foe rubble. 

Mr Lim released on Mon- 
day a list of names of 19 
foreigners and 28 Singapor- 
eans who are missing. 

Put a West German couple 
listed by police as missing 
were found having breakfast 
in another hotel yesterday 

Meanwhile, a survivor, Mr 
Boey Mun Wai, claimed foat.a 
rescuer burrowing under foe 
hotel demanded money from 
a dying woman before trying 
to save her. 









Office Automation Equipment 

I 1986 j 


I Intergroup Finance * L 

1985 1 


Medical Equipment 

1981 j 


Manufacturer of TV, Video and / 
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I 1981 l 


Heavy Industrial Equipment 
and Procurement i 



I Consumer Goods ■ 



On the 1st January, we opened computers and telephone systems, 
our sixth company in the UK. Which means we manufacture 

It's called Toshiba Information and supply electric and electronic equip- 
Systems. ment for the home, for the office, for 

We’ve set it up to market, distrib- hospitals and for industry. And some of 
ute and service our extensive range of these products we export from Britain. 
Office Automation [n Touch withTomoirow So as you can see. 

equipment. BBBP^ BB we’re fully equipped 

Such as TrmHRRII to keep the UK 

photocopiers, micro I WWI switched on. 

Toshiba information Systems tU K i Ltd . International House, winctnull Road. 5unbury*on-Tltames. Middlesex TW16 THR. To} 0932 ?SS66£ 

In the last 11 years Nissans have been exported 
by a small island with a highly skilled workforce. 

In Japan, the people who build Nissans 
have a variety of skills and they’re encouraged 
to use them. 

There aren’t die strict job demarcations 
that have done the British motor industry so 
much harm. 

New ideas and ways of working are 

So people are more involved, more 
satisfied, more employable, less bored and 
better paid. 

There isn’t a wide gap between man- 
agers and workers: the general manager of 
the Nissan factory in Tokyo wears the same 
work clothes as the men on the line. 

And every morning, workers and man- 
agement get together to see how they can 
make things better. 

The relationship is friendly and con- 
structive. For a long while there has been an 
agreement which has made disputes unneces- 
sary. As a result, no-one has ever been made 
redundant either 

As a result, the cars these people main* 
are better. To the extent that every one has a 
100,000 mile/3 year warranty. 

hi 1985, the 1,100,000th Nissan made 
the thirty-day sea crossing from Japan to 

In fact, they’ve been the top imported 
car in Britain for eleven years ru nnin g. 

They donl half work. 



I nC i L.t/i a fj x >uvJ 

In the next 11 years Nissans should be exported 
by a small island with a highly skilled workforce. 

In England, the people who will build 
Nissans have a variety of s kills and they’ll be 
encouraged to use them. 

There won’t be the strict job demar- 
cations that have done the British motor 
industry so much harm. 

New ideas and ways of working will be 

So people will be more involved, more 
satisfied, more employable, less bored and 
better paid. 

There won’t be a wide gap between 
managers and workers: the general manager 
of Nissan’s new Sunderland factory will wear 
the same work clothes as the men on the line. 

And every morning, workers and man- 
agement will get together to see how they 
can make things better. 

The relationship will be friendly and 
constructive. Already there’s an agreement 
with the AUEW which has been designed to 
make disputes unnecessary. No-one should 
ever need to be made redundant either. 

As a result, the cars these people will 
make will be better. To the extent that every 
one will have a 100,000 mile/3 year warranty. 

In the 1990’s, over 100,000 Nissans a 
year should be made in Britain. Many of them 
will cross the sea to Europe. 

In fact, they could very soon become 
the top imported car in Europe. 


They don\ half work. 


Despite the pressure to stay at the top, in the world of women’s tennis friendship still plays an important part 

The rivalry that melted the ice 

In the final part of his series, 
Richard Evans meets the champion 
they used to call the Ice Maiden 
and finds both a warm regard for 
Navratilova and a lively sense of 
humour in Chris Evert Lloyd (right) 

C hris Even Lloyd was 
sitting in the comer 
of the tournament 
office at Moody Col- 
iseum , Dallas, hav- 
ing her hair done. Mrs Lloyd 
in cutlers, making feces at 
herself in the mirror is not 
quite the image the the public 
has of this remarkable cham- 
pion who was quickly dubbed 
“Ice Maiden” when she burst 
on to the tennis world in her 

The ice can still form when 
Lloyd feels in need of a 
protective layer, but there is 
now a wider realization that, 
underneath, lies a very differ- 
ent kind of woman. 

If she, like Martina 
Navratilova, can pull the cold 
superstar act whenever she 
feels pressured or vulnerable, 
she is fer less inclined to build 
a wall of superiority between 
herself and her perns than the 
reigning Wimbledon 

On rainy days in Perugia I 
have watched her cut cards 
and crack jokes with young 
players, clearly in awe of her. ■ 
Last week in Dallas this multi- 
millionairess, possibly one of 
the 20 best-known women in 
the world, wandered around 
the large room that serves as a 
centra] meeting point for ev- 
eryone connected with Nancy 
Jeffett’s friendly tournament 
as if she was just another 
playo - . 

It isn’t always like that and 
she admitted, as soon as we 
began to talk about her rela- 
tionship with Martina, that 
the distance which had grown 
between them recently had 
much to do with second and 
third-hand chat emanating 
from the people around both 
of them. 

“A lot ofit starts in the press 
conferences because everyone 
is focusing on our rivalry so < 
much more now”, she said, « 
“There’s more pressure on 
both of us; as soon as one • 
makes a comment about the i 
other, it gets blown out of i 
proportion. And then every- i 
one starts talking and you get i 
down to the ‘I said — she i 
said...’ syndrome which i 
makes direct communication i 
really difficult.” 

So there was a problem? J 
“No, not really. But I would < 
like to talk to her about some ( 
things she has been saying ! 
about my image andjefetion- i 

ship with the press, and how I 
always come out smelling of 
roses. Martina seems to doubt 
that I am being 100 per cent 
honest — which is ridiculous. I 
have been in the public eye 
since I was 16 and have always 
tried to be myself with the 
media. It's the only way I 

That didn’t inepti, th-ingh 
that she was prepared to 
reveal 100 per cent of herself 
to the world. “No, I couldn't 
do that that, or I'd lose myself 
completely. You have to bold 

on to something that is for you 
and those close to you. If I 
were public property I would 
find it impossible. Mar tina is 
different from me in that 
respect. She lives her life 
honestly and openly with no 
thought for appearances, and I 
respect her for that. But it 
would be impossible for me, 
the way I've been (nought up. 
I've always been taught to be 
more cautious; tO under stand 
the consequences of one’s 

■ Lloyd gave one of her seif- 
• deprecatory laughs. “My God, 
there's no way anyone could 
have been brought up in my 
house and then gone out and 
shared themselves with the 

It must be said, however, 
that for a good Catholic girl 
the former Miss Evert from 
Fort Lauderdale hasn ’t 
too bad a job of it. Not with 
the casual flamboyance of 
Miss Navratilova, of course, 
but revelations in books and 
interviews have not exactly 
glossed over the feet that there 
were relationships with people 
both prior to. and during, her 
marriage with John Lloyd. 

But if John has proved 
himself a devoted and under- 
standing husband who con- 
ducted himself with a great 
deal of strength and dignity 
during the problem period of 
their marriage, Chris was nev- 
er going to be anything less 
than a handful as a wife — as 
she is the first to admit “I am 
a more demanding person 
than John and he is incredibly 
tolerant of my moods”, she 
told me once. “I'm not deny- 
ing I can be difficult”. 

“When Martha beat me so 
badly on day in the French 
Open in ’84, 1 was in ada 2 e for 
months. Then I became deter- 
mined to at least challenge 
her. I mean, I couldn’t have 
gone on losing- to . her Hke 
-that,” That victory gave 
Navratilova her Grand 9am 
from which she collected a 
cheque for Slmillion — the 
prize provided by the Interna- ; 
tional Tennis Federation, and I 
underwriited by Uayds of 1 
London; Chris Lloyd had 

The race for records 

previously kx 
Slates Opim to 

lost the United 


“ So with die help of my 
Californian friend Kathy 
Smith, who is an aenrtnes 
expert, and later at Stan 
Nichole's gym in Melbourne 
where John had been working 
out, I started to make a serious 
attempt to build up my 

And had it actually made 
her a better player? “Absolute- 
ly- I feel stronger physically 

and in turn that builds up your 
confidence psychologically. It 

also changes tl 
Wanna see?” 

way you look. 

if If I were public property I would find A 
W it impossible. Martina is different 

When I met her, waiting for 
John to return from his Davis 
Cup success against Spain 
("Wasn’t that great? He plays 
so well for Britain”), she was 
in a pretty relaxed frame of 

mind. She had made a success- 
ful start to 1986 -no defeats in 
three tournaments. 

“Yet, it has been great and I 
am eager as ever to play”, she 
said. “The only thing I haven't 
achieved so fer this year is a 
victory over Martina.” (In feet 
Navratilova beat her when 
they did meet at the weekend). 
What exactly was her relation- 
ship with the woman whose 
career was so intertwined with 
her own? 

“God, what is my relation- 
ship with Martina, will some 

one tell me?”, she laughed. 
“There are moments when I 
don't think -I know. But, 
seriously, I think mutual re- 
spect is at the base of it No 
matter what happens now 
while we are still competing, 
the basic friendship will sur- 
vive,! am sure of that. I know 
if I had a real personal 
problem I could go to Martina 
with it and she would 

There was a time, just after 
Martina had defected from 
Czechoslovakia, when the two 

of them played doubles and 
were very dose. 

“Yes, we used to discuss 
everything together then" 
Lloyd said. “I used to tell her 
all about my problems with 
boyfriends, and we really got 
to know and care about each 
other. It's just so much more 
difficult now”. 

Technically, on court the 
relationship and the rivalry 
has forced both players to 
reach for new levels of excel- 
lence and skilL 
“Strength, too", she added. 

The sudden, darting glance, 
full of flirtatious humour, 
pops out of. nowhere and is 
typical Chris. As . her dose 
friends know, she finds it 
almost impossible to get 
through a serious conversa- 
tion of any length without at 
least a couple of throwaway 
lines filled with innocent sexur 
ai innuendo. But the tense of 
humour is well-rounded, and 
she is capable of seeing foe 
funny side of any situation. 

“I am being more ag g res siv e 
on court now, but it doesn't 
always work out the way 1 
want”, she told me. "At foe 
Australian Open last year 
when I was about to play Betsy 
Nagelsen, John’s coach Bob 
Brett urged me to at least try 
some serve-and-voUey tactics 
early on to put pressure on 
her. So even though the grass 
was a bit wet underfoot I 
thought, ’OK, here goes’, went 
• charging in , and dipped and 
fell right on my butt. Great! 
You can imagine how happy- 
that made me. I was so 
emb a rrassed.” 

Just as the hairdresser calls 
her over fra- a quick tidy up in 
the fer corner of the room, the 
towering figure ofTed Tlnling 
appears round foe door. “Ah, 
there you are,” he aid. “i was 
just telling some one that you 
are the most gracious champi- 
on the game has ever known”. 

Chris beams and gives one 
of her ’Gee, what am I 
supposed to say to that 4 looks 
and bids ferewelL Bin Tinling 
was right, of course: In an age 
when that particular quality is 
hardly prevalent in sport, or ut 
any other sphere of sodety, 
Chris Evert Lloyd is gracious. 
And sexy, too. 

F or tournament pro- 
moters, the possibil- 
ity of getting 

Navratilova and 

Lloyd as singles’ fi- 
nalists of their event & of 
come, the ultimate dream. 
The fear of losing either 
through injury, once they 
have contracted to play mast 
betbe ultimate nightmare. 

Nancy Jeffett, who has 
built women’s tenuis from the 
ground up in the Mid-Wert 

through her much-respected 
Maureen Connolly Brisker 
Foundation, did some quick 
sums when I asked herarhat it 
would have cost if both 
Martina and Chris had been 
forced to poll out of last 
week's Virginia Slims of Dal- 
las at Moody Cotisenm. 

“We would have lost virtu- 
ally all onrwalk-Bp gate”, she 

said. “I would estimate that at 

something dose to $300,000. 
Fortunately we have a high 
per c ent ag e of loyal box-hoht- 
exs and advance ticket buyers 
who are committed anyway, 
but there is no doubt about 
tiie drawing power of the two 
top players.” 

So the great rivalry which 
is -grring women's tennis Hs 
lustre b also creating -a 
problem. Total domination for 
just two players is not entirely . 
a good thing - Because Mbs 
Navratilova and Mrs Lloyd 
keep winning, there h a 
tendency to dismiss the rest of 
foe field .as second-rate. This 
Is neftber fife- nor accurate. 

The general standard is 
better titan ever, especially 
b e tw ee n 20 bn* 100 on the 
WTA computer where today's 

players would wipe the coart 
with their predecessors of .10 
years ago. And in foe: top 
20, teenagers such as Steffi 
Gra£ Mannda \- Maleeva, 
Gabrida SahatinL Kathy 
Rinaldi and Stephenfc Rehe 
are all' capable af draaaatic 
improvement. • 

In addition, Navratilova 
has already becnfeafca fob 
year by foe: experienced 
Kathy Jordan: while Helena 
Sokova* who beat her hi the 
AastraBan Opar in 1984, 
gave her another ibqghmatch 

gave her another ioqghmatch 
fort two weeks: qg» la the 

Untied Slates Indoor Cham- 


E ven in this age of media 
saturation, the most re- 
markable lives may go 
unnoticed. You can have been 
a pioneer of mountaineering, 
cycled across Africa and 
fought with foe Italian Parti- 
sans; you can mount shoe-- 
string expeditions on an 
historic yacht to cross foe 
Patagonian ice-cap, get 
shipwrecked, and conquer un- 
explored mountains in foe 
Southern Ocean, and still 
remain virtually unknown. 
You can even publish 15 
beautifully-written books on 
your adventures, yet never 
appear on television. 

I can offer you proof of this 
startling theory. His name is - 
or was, for he was lost at sea 
nine years ago - Major Harold 
William Tilman. His moun- 
taineering exploits, including 
the historic 1936 ascent of 
Nan da Devi, were admittedly 
completed before Everest 
brought popular feme to 
climbers; and his 2,000- mile 
bicycle trip through the jungle 
was in the 1930s. But his 
sailing days were foe!960s and 

Reticent, eccentric, 
tongh and fearless, 
Major Tilman was a 
Victorian explorer 
who lived 50 years 
after his time . . . 

'70s, and it seems strange that 
such a hero has remained 

unsung . 

Tilman crossed Bylot Island 
in Baffin Bay, rejoining his 
wooden pilot-cutter with its 
patched sail just as he had 
reached his last biscuit; be 
walked Over foe Pata gonian 
ice-cap and swam in the 
freezing waters of Lalm 
Argenuno; wrecked two boats 
and went on, at 75, to circum- 
navigate Spitzbergen in a 
third. There was no publicity; 
it was just a matter of “OW 
Bill Tilman, off again, God 
help him,” and a gun fired in 
salute by foe members of the 
Royal Lymington Yacht Gub. 
(Tilman would insure his boat 

A man of few words: 
Harold William T ilman 

for only foe first 500 yards of 
the voyage, the Lymington 
River, in case the ferry should 
hit him. He then set off 
without insurance, radio, or 
life-raft, in foe belief that 
“every herring should hang by 
its own laiT.) 

Tilman hated publicity. He 
wrote his books between expe- 
ditions, and on publication 
day be would be well inside 
the Arctic Circle, safe from 

interviews and book-signings. 
He recruited his crews through 
a severe advertisement in The 
Timer. “Hands wanted for 
long voyage in small boat; no 
pay, no prospects, not much 

He was famous for saying 
very little. His climbing com- 
panion in youth, Eric Shipton, 
once turned to him on a 
Himalayan ledge, and said; 
“Tilman; we have climbed 
many mountains together in 
Africa and Asia. We have 
depended upon each other in 
many dangerous situations. 
You have saved my life. I 
have saved yours. Is it not 
time you called me Eric?". 
Tilman rcplied^No”. 

Some time later, Shipton 
asked why not; to which 
Tilman. after reflection, re- 
plied, “Because it’s such a 
damned silly name. 

his fearlessness, and his insis- 
tence on cold curry for break- 
fast On one occasion David 
White, ship’s cook, after a 
week in the North Sea, asked 
to put ashore in Scotland. 
Tilman’s reply was “Request 
not granted.” The next stop, 
he explained, was Bear Island, 
some 1 ,200 miles to foe north. 
Mr White settled down, in the 

Tilman sailed 1 14,000 miles 
before be lost his first boat 
Mischief, and in 24 years of 
perilous voyaging, only one 
man's life was lost in a freak 
accident His last voyage was 
in 1977, when, aged 79, he 
joined an expedition to foe 
Antarctic, led by one of his 
former volunteers, Simon 
Richardson. Somewhere 
south of Rio, boat and crew 

old home in Wales. “There 
were these piles of film-cans ini' 
the attic with three inches of 
mould growing on foe stuff 
inside. I sent them to foe 
'London Film Clinic, just in i 

United States Indoor Chant- 
pfeuhips'fii Princeton. / 
Nevertheless, foe gap Be- 
tween Martina. Chris 
Navratilova, Lloyd and die 
rest is still distinct and no one 
expects tint to change in the 
imme d iate fettne. Which 
means Mae and more of foe 
world’s top titles are going to 
fell into the hands of foe two 
women who have dominated 
all coarts and all sarfeces fer 
the past decade. - 
Whife Lloyd is determined 
to extend her incredible feat 
of having wm at least one 
Grand Slam tide Wimbledon, 
French, United States or 
Australian Open ) every year 
for 12 yean, Navratilova 
aims to eliminate any argu- 
ment concerning her own 
stains as the greatest player 

of all time by rewriting foe 

record books- 

"That means she still has a 
lot to do”, Mike EstepM 
pyt fb, admitted, “ and w as 
one reason why I encouraged 
her to start playing mixed 
doubles again. If she is 
Anting Margaret Court's 
record tB those titles court.” 

There are numerous differ- 
ent goals fer Martian to set 
ber sights on, but Mrs 
Court's total of 64 Grand 
Sban titles m singles, doubles 
and mixed is certainly a tall 
order. With wily 37 so fer, 
Navratilova stffl has a long 
way to go. 

If one redaces that to 
-singles tides only, then Court 
fa still way oat In front with 
25. Navratilova coaM even 
have a tough time catching 
Uoyd, who is in third place on 
the afl-time Ust and leading 
Martina 17-13. 

“Of course statistics can 
always say what yon want 
them to say,” says Teddy 
Tinting, catting to foe heart of 
the matter in his customary 
forthright manner. “Marga- j 
ret was a great champion, but 
the figures are really . inflated 
in her case because 11 of 
these singles tides were won 
in Australia when no one else 
in her league was competing.” 

- Trimming still further, one 
can get down to Wimbledon 
Itself — and there is nothing 
inflated abort that Nor is 
there any need to talk hot air 
abort Navratilova's women's 
singles tides. 'At die moment 
she has won six, the same 
number as BBlie-Jean King. 
Mrs Dorothy Lambert Cham- 
bers won seven before foe 
First World War 

As fer as an rabeaten run 
of matches is concerned, nei- 
ther Navratilova, frith a 
streak of 74 on ail surfaces, 
and Lloyd, with 125 on day 
alone, have much chance of 
catching Suzanne Lenglen, 
foe amazing French star who 
made women's tennis head- 
line news long before its time. 

“I know she was unbeaten 
between 1921 and 1926” 
says Tinting, who umpired 
more than . 100 of her 
vkldries^brt arriving at an 
eaQKkfigme b very 'difficult 
became records were so poor- 
ly keptLet ns just say she got 
very close to 200.” 


Singfea, doubles and 
mi xe d. . . . 

Margaret Court fff 
Martina NateatHova 37 
Doris Hart 33 

Helen WBIs Moody 31 
Louise Brough 28 
Margaret Dupont 28 
Suzanne Lenglen 21 
Chris Evert Lwd M 

Singles only: 

Margaret Court 25 
Helen WBIs Moody 19 
Chris Evert Uoyd 17 
Martina Navratilova 13 
Bflfie-Jean King 12 

T he sailing film came 
back, saved, silent but 
eerily vivifo-andgradu- 
ail yafi lm document began to 

Now, at last, the publicity 

“He was too tough for the 
modem age” said one of his 
Crews; even in Tilman’s seven- 
ties his young volunteers 
sometimes found It hard to 

na» with hi* •-~.-4.-~ 

machine has caught up with 
Tilman : he is on mm, starring 
on ITV next Tuesday. No- 
body thought there was any 
film. John Mead, of HTV, 
happened to hear of Tilman’s 

Dorothy Richardson, moth- 
er of that Simon who led the 
feral expedition of 1977, has 
edited and am plifi er! most 
movingly her son’s diaries of 
his time with Tilman (she is 
publishing them this year) and 
Mead gave her foe last woixd in 
his programme: “They went 
off on a beautiful day. They 
had a marvellous sail to Rio: 
in his letter, Simon said, “If 
we get no further, it win all 
have been worth while.”” 


. 1 Food basket (6) 

4 Confirm (6) 

. 7 Horseback outing (4) 

8 Vague (8) 

9 Buy (8) 

13 Place (3) 

14 Understanding (13) 

17 Road substance (3) 

19 Wages (8)- . 

24 Sidewalk(8) 

25 Disastrous(4) 

26 Tyrant (6) 

27 Barter (6) 

bob aaaaiiig 

aiiRiin _!■■■! 

a Wf IjlUl 

Libby Purves 

Tilman - An Extraordinary 
Life. ITV, March 25, 1030- j 


1 Injury (4) 

2 Jane solstice (9). 

3 US cattle form (5) 

4 Sensations (5) 

5 Regulation (4) „ „ ^ 

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T*. *- 

Joanne WhaUev. w, 
from a television - 
triumph, finds herself 
running from praise. 
Bryan Appleyard met 
an actress who tends 

to avoid interviews 


■ - ■ - 

••• i.. 

7 3. . 


■ ,7 - •4 > 

'■*" Pw 

Orchestrating a cure for a 
man of musical genius 

I t is a well known but insufficient- 
ly acknowledged feet that the 
young know nothing. This can 
usually be deduced from the 
evidence lying all about us that they 

about why I am successful is that I 
have worked with good people in good 
plays and good films.” 

; She was brought up in Stockport, 
the. daughter of a plumber. The famil y 

have nothing to say. Unfortunately it . was Protestant but she was educated at 

Joanne WhaBey avoiding type-casting in ter latest roie as Cheryl (left), would-be nightclub singer. “I was over the moon when I got the part* 

unfunny story all about “Thatcher’s 
Britain”, a mythical land rather like 
CS.Lewis’s Narnia, only not so realis- 
tic. Never mind: it will get rave 
reviews and much is redeemed by 
Whai ley’s performance as Cheryl, a 
dotty assistant chef who peers uncom- 
prehendingly as events unfold before 

“I really didn’t think I would get it. 
Cheryl could easily have been played 
by somebody much older than me. 1 
was over the moon when I got the part 
What I like about Cheryl is she’s not 
very aware. Most people have some 
awareness about the way they look and 
what they are doing facially. But 
Cheryl doesn't get sidetracked by any 
of that She’s like a kid.” 

is generally difficult to find a young- 
ster honest enough to come dean. Bat 
Joanne Whalley does. 

“To be really honest I haven't got 
that much to say_ nothing earth 
shattering that is going to change 
anybody's life. And also I think people 
get quite sick of opening newspapers 
and things and seeing this person 
saying, 'HeBo, it's me again, still 
saying nothing.*” 

But endlessly saying nothing is, of 

a convent She showed an inclination 
towards the stage and once a week 
went to drama classes. A show put on 
by her group in Marple resulted in her 
being taken up by an agent at the age of 
IZ Until she left school at 18 she took 
one or two parts a year for Granada 
Television and then, afterwards, 
starred as Ingrid in the television 
version of Stan Barstow’s A Kind of 
Laving. It was reasonably successful 

, _ _ M _ .... and she was noticed. But the parts she 

course, the price of fame. Whalley is was offered all fell into the helpless 
24 and has been called “one of the best working class. Northern girl in trouble 
actresses of her generation” and “one mould, 
of the most important actresses of 
1 986”. That sort of thing can min a ca- 
reer and it .reeks suspiciously of 
infatuation on the part of the writers. 

This is partly understandable: On- 
screen Whalley is nnqestionably beau- 
tifaL In the flesh there are problems. 

She appears at the stage door of the 
Royal Court Theatre wearing her hair 
up. sunglasses and the statutory lumpy 
blade uniform of the 18 to 25s. The re- 
moval of the glasses reveals terrifying- 
ly large brown eyes dominating an 
almost miniaturised face. 

The effect' is too extreme to be 
attractive as are the giggly clutching 
and swirling movements she makes in 
conversation. There is something 
unstable about the whole concoction, 
as if she is trying out various possible 

But the one that dominates is the 
faintly world-weary, I-just-want-tq- 

be resisted and moved to 
London -to Qapham Junction 
, in fact as if reliving the 
'migration of the thousands of 
Northerners. who. moved down to the 
smoke in the Fifties. She went for an 
interview at the Royal Court 
“I'd no idea about the place: It was 
just a theatre to me. I was interviewed 
by Max Stafford Clark and 1 had no 
idea who he was. So I did this hard selL 
I said: 'Lode, give me this job. I really 
need it-”* 

In spite of that she did get the job 
and found herself appearing nightly in 
a double bin during a Young Writers 
Season at the Court 
“I was terrified about the whole 
thing - of getting on stage and having 
to Irazu a whole play. I was just blindly 
ignorant. They said we had four weeks 
tor rehearsal and I wondered what on 

get-on-with-my-job role "I suppose if earth we could do for four weeks. ]*d 
you're working on something and you been used to filming where you just do 
can generate some press interest, you 
should. But giving interviews is not 
my idea of a nice way to spend an a£ 
temoon. It’s quite boring- all I can say 

a bifat a time. Now I think four weeks 
isn't enough.” 

The Court was followed by a steady 
stream of theatre work, including 

Wendy in Peter Pan at the Crucible in 
Sheffield. Her attitudes seemed to 

“As of last summer I gave up 
reading reviews. At the time I was 
reading a play that didn’t need any 
reviews. I don’t need people to tell me 
whether this is good or not because I 
know. Reviewers tend to put things in 
clever sentences and it can be soul- 

An actress at the age of 24 who 
loathes both reviews and interviews 
might be said to be courting disaster. 
The theatre is hermetic enough with 
believing you can ignore what people 
say about you. But never mind - Edge 
of Darkness came next. Whalley 
played the daughter of the hero in this 
immensely successful television thrill-' 
er. She was murdered m the first five 
minutes of the first episode to the 
dismay of her Stockport friends. But 
she returns throughout to haunt her 
father and gradually nudge his con-, 
science in the correct political 

It was a serial whose qualities as a 
thriller and whose sheer oddity over- 
whelmed the irritating banality of its 
politics as well as the curious assump- 
tion that the mere mention of the 
nuclear issue makes any fiction politi- 
cal. And she was brilliantly cast Her 
pleading. features and insistent voice 
rendered entirely convincing the ago- 
nies of loss and frustration suffered by 
her father. 

“Everything was really good about 
that There was a great feeling when we 
were shooting. And it was marvellous 
when the public got so hooked on it 
Almost through the whole thing wc 
kept changing our minds about the 
ending. At one point both me and my 
dad were going to turn into trees.” 

Now she is to appear in another 
piece of fashionable politicising - Alan 
Bieasdale’s film No Surrender, which 
opens on March 28. It is a tedious and 

J oanne has also finished a film 
with Anthony Hopltins — The 
Good Father which should open 
soon — and she is working on a 
Dennis Potter play — The Singing 
Detective— for the BBC Currently she 
is appearing in Women Beware Wom- 
en al the Royal Court 
“It’s good now. My success has 
given me a bit of freedom in choosing 
what I can do. But I don’t have any 
dear idea of what to do next - just car- 
ry on playing good pans and working 
with good people. I suppose.” 

The ordeal seems to be over so we 
rise to leave the deafening, brittle 
acoustics and awful sausages of the 
Oriel wine bar. But there is a piece of 
u nfini s h ed business' which is dearly 
worrying her. 

“You said earlier that I had very 
distinctive looks which I couldn’t 


”Well then you said I looked 
different as Cheryl- Ah-ha got you!” 
We exit into the blinding sunlight of 
Soane Square. 1 must be getting old. 

OThnw Nnmpaparo LM 

Open the April/May issoe of A la carte 
for a breath of French air*** 

Classic dishes made easy 
periafTarte’fttinai ‘ 

French specialities. 

Freacfc Hue cheeses 
Roqqefort, Bleu de Gex and others. 

Heeant French food without Ae effort 
What to drink with Piwiw*al UtoA . 

Serena So** recommendssome ddjaousred 
and white -wines. 

la carte 

April/May issue on safe now 
at^ll good newsagents 


Courage and marriage 

From Sheila Lady 
Bernard, Afarryat Road, 
Wimbledon, London 

Patricia Clough’s “Lore Be- 
gins at 60” (Friday Page, 
March 7) speaks of the cour- 
age to walk out of a marriage. 
Bat wbat of the mach greater 
courage required to stay and 
face up to difficulties, honour 
one’s marriage rows and adapt 
to changing circumstances 
sod) as dtildrea tearing home, 
retirement, illness of either 
partner and so on? Both love 
and courage are needed here. 

I noticed that none of the 
“brave” people mentioned in 
the article walked out to live 
alone bat merely for an easier 
life with someone else. Sorely 
it has never been considered 
brave to ran away. 

From Mary C Smith , ' 
Fordington Road, Highgate, 

I found Patricia’ Gough's 
article infinitely depressing. 
Personal happiness seems to 
be the only thing that matters, 
with no mention of marriage 
vows or that tittle . word 
“fidelity”. No wonder families 
are faffing apart and society 
tottering on its foundations. 

From Helen Smith, Project 
Officer, Mental Health, King 
Edward’s Hospital Fund 
For London. Albert Street, 

Marjorie Wallace, ia her arti- 
cle mi schizophrenia (Spec- 
trum, March 3) regards the 
hard Left as being toblarae for 
during psychiatric hospitals, 
which me esential she claims, 
for the care of schizophrenics. 
Yet it was Enoch Powell who 
made the first ministerial 
statement regarding the do- 
sure of these hospitals in 1961, 
followed by a policy document 
on fffl i iitami iy care in 1963. 
The Conservative Government 
of 1970 confirmed and accen- 
tuated this tread in a czrcnlar 
entitled Hospital Services far 
the Mentally IQ; and ft is this 
Government that has enacted 


these policies - hardly a group 
“like the Baader-Memhof 
gang and neo-Marxist 

In her comparison of coun- 
tries, Ms Wallace cites two 
rather alarming bat local and 
isolated examples of commu- 
nity care in West Germany. 
However, she then admits that 
the mental health policy and 
laws did not, in fact, in 

that coon try. The US policy of 
simply basting patients out of 
hospital was not*‘anti- 
psychiatry” but inhumanity. 
The chaos In Italy dearly 
ffinstrates that community 
care is not simply about 
closing psychiatric hospitals; 
It seems from hat article that 
only Sweden has grasped this 

She persists in the error of 
confusing anti-psychiatry with 
deiastitntioaalbafion. | am 

fatly committed to proper 
“psychiatric” care for people 
deemed to have schizophrenia. 
1 envisage this to mean the 
provision of sufficient support 

to wMinhitn the individual in 

his normal environment, with 
the option of temporary fringe 
should the person wish it. 

As someone previously din- 
icalfy involved and now con- 
cerned with the development 
of services for the mentally ift, 

I am extremely worried by the 

larfc gf both ftwnrial if 

sources and creative planning, 
for providing a genuine and 
comprehensive alternative to 
institutions. I fear, along with 
my colleagues, that we have 
created the potential for a 
human disaster, unless the 
implications of hospital clo- 
sure are fully worked through. 

If we daim to be a caring 
society we must ensure that all 
our members, regardless of 
disability, live as ordinary and 
normal a life as possible. The 
dosing of psychiatric institu- 

tions is a start of this process 
for those deemed mentally 31, 
and shook! be folly supported 
by those of fortunate enough to 
be in a position to effect 


From Dr SP.Mangen, 

London School of Economics 
and Political Science. 
Houghton Street, London 

May I correct an erroneous 
quotation attributed to me in 
the article cm schizophrenia? 
The policy of sectorization of 
psychiatric services in France 
is, indeed, failing to meet the 
needs for follow-up care of 
many former inpatients who 
are of no fixed abode. Conse- 
quently, there is an increased 
risk of relapse and re-admis- 
sion which, because of the 
vagrant lifestyles of many of 
these patients, can often be to 
hospitals in different areas of 
the country. However, to inter- 
pret this as “whole armies” 
“begging to be admitted” is a 
gross exaggeration of both my 
comments to the author and 
the sit u ati on in France. 

From Dr and Mrs 
KAddison, Hurst Close, 
Broseley. Shropshire 

We were ranch moved by Dr 
Tim Williams’s account of the 
sudden death of his baby 
daughter. (First Persom 
March 5). It brought to mind 
afresh the anguish we felt at 
the loss of our baby daughter 
in December 1983. 

We would like to say to the 
Williams family gp 4 any oth- 
ers who find themselves in 
such agony - talk about yoar 
loss together, weep together, 
and comfort each other over 
the many months when otter 
misery will suddenly over- 
whelm yon. Contrary to popu- 
lar belief, you will oot “get 
over it”, yon will simply learn 
to live with it. Another haby is 
not a substitute for the one you 
have lost bnt another person in 
his or her own right, and one 
who will be even more predons 
because of your earlier loss. 

Klaus Tennstedt 
fled to the West 
to become the 
world’s most 
wanted conductor. 
And then cancer 
was diagnosed,. 

The tickle in Klaus 
Tennstedt's throat began 
while he was in Philadelphia 
to conduct Prokofiev's piano 
concerto last October. 

His wife, luge, concerned 
by the fact that the maestro’s 
voice was becoming increas- 
ingly husky, tried to persuade 
him to see a doctor. In the 
end, she brought a well 
known physician who hap- 
pened to be in the audience 
around to her husband's 
dressing room after a perfor- 
mance. The following day, in 
his consulting room, the doc- 
tor diagnosed cancer of the 
vocal chords. 

To Tennstedt, music direc- 
tor of the London Philhar- 
monic Orchestra and one of 
the world’s greatest romantic 
conductors, it was a shatter- 
ing blow. His first reaction 
was one of speechless disbe- 
lief followed by the immov- 
able agonizing ache that 
comes with the knowledge 
that one has a potentially 
incurable disease. The feci 
that his doctor told him he 
had 8 90 per cent chance of 
recovery did little to reassure 
Tennstedt and his wife. As 
Inge saysr'There was still the 
other 10 per cent left to worry 

Tennstedt, 59, dropped out 
of the rest of his American 
tour, cancelled dales with the 
Berlin Philharmonic and 
postponed a series of record- 
ing sessions. He retreated to 
his seventh floor apartment 
overlooking the Bay of Kiel 
in West Germany and under- 
went a gruelling course of 
radiation treatment Last Fri- 
day after 70 such treatments, 
his doctor pronounced him 
cured. And this week, he is in 
London for his first perfor- 
mances since his illness, three 
concerts at the Royal Festival 
Hall conducting his beloved 
London Philharmonic and 
including his favourite work, 
Mahler’s Sixth Symphony. 

Still hoarse - from the 
radiation, not the cancer, he * 
stresses - he talked for the 
first time about his illness 
and the long-term effect it has 
had on his life. 

“There was never a mo- 
ment when I was able to 
forget it,” be says of the 
cancer. “It was there, in my 
mind, all the time.” He was 
too worried even to listen to 
music. “My head was fall of 
my sickness. Whatever I did 
the thought of it would not go— 

The situation was made 
even worse for him by the 
fact, that he had to give up . 
smoking after a lifetime’s 
addiction. Before his illness 
he would smoke one cigarette 
every six minutes except 
when be was eating, conduct- 
ing or asleep. Today he chews 
liquorice instead and admits 
that be misses the habit still 
He bas been principal con- 
ductor and music director of 
the London Philharmonic for 
nearly four years, a relation- 
ship which bas been likened, 
by both sides, to a love affair. 
Tennstedt, who has the re- 
markable ability to carry his 
musicians to previously un- 
scalable heights, bas retured 
the LPO to ns musical peak. 
The personal torment of its 
members over his illness bas 
not been ail that far removed 
from his own. 

“We have missed one 
another,”says Tennstedt sim- 
ply. And he adds:“Never in 
my life have I gone for so long 
with an orchestra.” 

Indeed, his meteoric rise to 
international stardom is un- 
precedented in modem musi- 
cal history. 

Until 1974, three years 
after be and Inge had defected 
from East Germany, he was 
but another provincial opera 


Elans Tennstedt: love affair' with the LPO 

conductor, talented but un- 
known outside a small local 
following Then an extraordi- 
nary chain of events culmi- 
nating in an invitation to 
conduct the famous Boston 
Symphony Orchestra in 
Bruckner's Eighth swept him 
into the realms of magnifi- 
cence. The Boston Globe 
headlined their review of the 
performance: “BRUCKNER 
Literally overnight. 
Tennstedt became the most 
sought-after conductor in the 

Wiihin a week he had been 
invited to conduct almost 
every top orchestra across the 
globe. For a 48-year-old un- 
known it was heady, exhila- 
rating stuff and Tennstedt 
accepted them all. Today he 
admits:“Sometimes it is diffi- 
cult to believe what has 
happened in the last few 
years. It was so like-.” he 
grapples with his studem 
English to find the right word 
”... so like an explosion.” 

Grey-haired and bespecta- 
cled. he sips a glass of duty- 
free cognac in the Kensington 
flat where he is staying and 

‘To me, 
success is to 
make music 
with one of 
the best 
orchestras in 
the world’ 

relives the nightmare of the 
past few months. **I didn’t 
feel ill,” he says. ”That is the 
danger because inside the 
cancer is working away and 
then one day it becomes very, 
very bad.” 

He tried to divert his 
thoughts from his illness by 
playing chess, reading the 
works of Herman Hesse and 
Thomas Mann, playing a 
little Bach on the piano, 
walking in the snow around 
his home in Germany, but all 
the time it was there, at the 
forefront of his mind — the 
fear that he would not recov- 
er, that he would never again 
conduct Mahler’s Sixth. 

As sometimes happens in 
such circumstances he dis- 
covered depths of strength he 
was not aware he possessed. 
“I was surprised at how brave 
he was,” confesses Inge, a 
well-built blonde former op- 
era singer who has been at his 
side for over 30 years. “In the 

past he would make such a 
fuss over something tike a 
head cold. With the cancer he 
was very brave. But he was 
not always optimistic . . .” 

Says Tennsiedt'T didn't 
get down on my knees to pray 
to God but maybe I prayed 

He talks, as he conducts, 
using his whole body, at 
.times ending up half out of 
'his armchair, crouching on 
the floor. Aftn’a concert he is 
always exhausted, drenched 
in sweat mentally and physi- 
cally drained. His doctor was 
reluctant to allow him to 
return to the podium so soon, 
with his voice still weak, but 
for Tennstedt, the withdrawal 
symptons from not working 
were even greater than those 
enforced by the loss of nico- 
tine. “I must work” he 
insisted and his doctor ac- 
cepted the force of the 

His fight against cancer was 
yet one more adversary 
which Tennstedt has van- 
quished during a lifetime of 
traumas. His soaring career 
as a violinist was crushed 
when, barely out of his teens, 
a growtii between the knuck- 
les of his left hand ended his 
dreams of virtuosity. His 
defection to the West after a 
concert in Gothenburg meant 
leaving behind bis mother 
and Inge's son. 

.And last spring he was 
forced to rest for three 
months after collapsing at the 
end of a 20-day 18-concert 
coasi-to-coasx tour of Ameri- 
ca and subsequently suffering 
heart disturtjances. 

Significantly, he came to 
Mahler in his middle age. 
“When you have a lot of 
experience in vour life — bad 
and good experiences - then 
you understand what Mahler 
means.” His love for music is 
total. “To me success is to 
make music with one of the 
best orchestras in the world, 
to produce the highest quality 
that is possible.” Only on rare 
occasions does he feel he has 
achieved stemsiunde. the 
golden moment. 

He says that his fight 
against cancer has changed 
him. “The experience has 
made me stronger. I now 
know that the little things I 
thought were important be- 
fore are not iraportanL 
“I'm a little more serious 
and I now live for each day at 
a time because 1 shall never 
forget what happened.” 

He is confident that his 
music, however, is un- 
changed. “All my life I have 
given much intensity to my 
music, li is not possible to 
give more.” 

Sally Brompton 

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starring in The Taming of the 
Shrew and Anthony ana Cleopa- 
tra. He told me: “I cannot say 
whether advance news of this silly 
and offensive move would have 
affected her contract with us but I 
can say that it will do her career 
and reputation no good. Many big 
names in the entertainment in- 
dustry are Jewish.” Actress Pam- 
ela Manson said she was confident 
that fellow actors would join a 
cultural boycott of Miss'Redgrave. 

Pink carpet 

Times journalist Richard Dowden 
arrived in Belgrade at the weekend 
to VIP treatment: officials rushed 
forward and escorted him to a 
waiting black lima Not even The 
Times, he thought, carried such 
clout. Until, that is. the nice men 
in black leather told him the car 
was taking him to Zagreb. Dow- 
den protested he was bound for 
Belgrade. No. they knew who he 
was, and he must go to Zagreb. 
They even had a contact number. 
Envisaging something out of John 
le Carre, Dowden insisted on 
dialling it. A Brit answered: “We 
don't want you. We want Sir 
Neville.” Sir Neville Bowman- 
Shaw, it transpired, chairman of 
Lancer, the engineering firm. 
Dowden got his ride, though - to 
the nearest bus stop. 

Rovers return 

You’ve heard of David Living- 
stone spreading the word on the 
Dark Continent Now for the 
reverse: two missionaries, Ger- 
trude Kampuma from Malawi and 
Alice Derblay from Mauritius, 
have arrived in Scotland to bring 
the faith to the Scottish heathens. 
The Kirk, I am told, is jubilant 


‘Being a judge was my second 
choice. Originally 1 wanted to be 
MP for Littleborough 
and Saddleworth’ 


Diary compilers may be having 
trouble agreeing on the start of 
British Summer Time, but a 
calendar from. Belfast’s Irish lan- 
guage daily newspaper L a has 
March beginning on a Monday 
instead of a Saturday and cropped 
to only 30 days. The lost day has 
been transferred to September, 
which has 31 days instead of 30. 
October has also been clipped by a 
day, which migrates to November. 
And L'a readers could celebrate 
Christmas Day alone this year, the 
calendar makes it a Tuesday 
instead of Thursday, that means 
their Hogmanay is two days 
earlier than for the rest of us. Talk 
about separatism. 

Stress fooled 

The Marriage Research Centre at 
the Central Middlesex Hospital 
has issued an urgent note cancel- 
ling its conference next week on 
“Troubled Workers: The Impact 
of Domestic Stress.” The reason: 

lack of response. 


Islington Council leader Margaret 
Hodge may be allowed a private 
nanny, but her Labour colleague 
Peter Powell has discovered the 
cost of letting his daughter Imogen 
take an assisted place at Si Paul's 
School. Objections raised by Anne 
Page, wife of former New States- 
man editor Bruce Page, have led 
to his deselection after six years on 
the council, where he became 
planning applications chairman 
and head of the Brighter Islington 
Campaign. Powell, who resisted 
setting a rate last year long after 
Mrs Hodge had made a U-turn on 
the issue, said yesterday he could 
stand Labour's double standards 
no longer. He is now a Green. 


Hie newsletter of the Diocese of St 
Edmundsbury and Ipswich con- 
tains a farewell message from the 
bishop, the Right Rev John 
Waine, who has been appointed to 
Chelmsford. “My wife and I have 
been very touched by the hun- 
dreds of kind messages we have 
received," he writes. “Do pray for 
us. Our love to you all.” Directly 
underneath is the announcement 
of a competition for a new logo: 
**£10 for a successor to the little 


PR: the lesson from France 

by Edward Mortimer 

Despite the bruising reception she 
got five years ago, Vanessa 
Redgrave is again urging Equity to 
boycott what she calls “occupied 
Palestine” and the rest of IsraeL 
She and 38 fellow members are to 
seek support at die union's annual 
meeting next month for “agree- 
ments from the BBC and 
ITV ... to ban all sales of re- 
corded materia] involving Equity 
members for broadcasting or ex- 
hibition in IsraeL” One person 
distinctly unimpressed is Duncan 
Wheldon, the Jewish manag ing 
director of the Triumph Apollo 
Theatre where Miss Redgrave is 

France is the only European 
country, other than Britain, in 
which proportional representation 
has not become a deeply-rooted 
political tradition. 

PR was used in France under 
the Fourth Republic. In 1958 de 
Gaulle restored the system of two 
ballots and single-member constit- 
uencies which had _ been used 
before the war. This is not a 
proportional system (there is no 
way a single member can be 
divided proportionally among his 
constituents), but the second bal- 
lot does give a better chance to 
third and fourth parties than our 
own “first past the post” system. 

In the 1 960s and '70s the system 
produced a four-party pattern in 
French politics, with both right 
and left tending to use the first 
ballot as a primary to establish 
which of their component parties 
had most support in a given 
constituency. The overall majority 
of seats won by the Socialists in 
1981 was the exception, not the 

No one in France advocates 
changing to the British system, 
with single-member constituen- 
cies and only one ballot. This is 
felt to give too overwhelming an 
advantage to the winning party. 
De Gaulle is said to have consid- 
ered it in 1945 but to have rejected 
it for fear that it would give the 
Communists, then at the peak of 
their prestige, an overall majority. 

The Communists themselves 
have consistently advocated a 
proportional system. The Social- 
ists also became advocates of PR 
during the long period they spent 
in opposition during the 1960's 
and '70s. 

Yet the Socialists so obviously 
benefited from the majority sys- 
tem in 1981 that many people 
thought President Mitterrand 
would quietly drop his campaign 

pledge to introduce PR. When he 
did not do so it was widely 
interpreted as an admission in 
advance of this week's Socialist 
defeat Certainly, by introducing 
PR, he has prevented that defeat 
from turning into a landslide. 

PR also enabled Jean-Marie Le 
Pen's National Front to take some 
seats from the orthodox right, so 
almost denying the new conser- 
vative government an overall 
majority. But perhaps a more 
important adva n t ag e, from the 
Socialist point of view, was that h 
ruled out any question of some 
mutual agreement with the Com- 
munists to stand down candidates 
on the second ballot, such as had 
been used in previous elections. 

The alliance with the Com- 
munists, which was crucial to 
Mitterrand's strategy for gaining 
power, had become On balance a 
liability, if not an impossibility, by 
last year, given the general right- 

ward shift of public opinion and in 
the Socialist party itself 

By using the departements as 
constituencies - most of which 
have populations only large 
enough to warrant three or four 
MPs - Mitterrand further 
squeezed the Communists while 
preventing the National Front 
breakthrough from reaching too 
dramatic proportions. 

A s upA** - result might well have 
been achieved by using the Irish 
single transferable vote system 
(STY), which the SDP-Uberai 
Alliance wishes to see used in this 
country. For that system also 
allows for the use of relatively 
small constituencies, and tends to 
produce a parliament of two or 
three large parties, fairly evenly 
balanced, pins a handful of in- 
dependents with a strong local 

The main d iff e re nces are that in 
France party candidates are listed 

Jean-Marie Le Pen: with 35 seats his National Front 
is the main beneficiary of PR — but it almost 
deprived the orthodox right of an overall majority 

John Dale gives a marketing man’s view of the BBC ads debate 

A cake that would feed us all 

Anyone engaged in broadcasting 
or advertising could see from the 
outset that the Peacock inquiry on 
financing the BBC would lead to a 
difficult and complex debate both 
inside and outside the professor's 
committee. It has. 

The interested parties often 
seem to be diametrically opposed. 
But some assumptions, such as the 
one taking it as gospel that all 
advertising is necessarily inimical 
to good broadcasting, are plainly 
wrong. There are many indica- 
tions that, for the public, the 
presence or otherwise of advertis- 
ing on either or both of our public 
service television channels is not 
in itself a bunting issue. Most 
favour advertising as a means of 
halting further increases in the 
licence fee, but not at the expense 
of lower programme standards. 
That is where the real problems 

From broadcasting interests the 
reaction has been loud and clear. 
Advertisers are not. in their view, 
prepared to support a quality 
schedule. The advertising “cake”, 
that is, the amount of money 
available to support broadcasting 

• / 


programming; and if they do not 
respond favourably to the sched- 
ule, neither will the advertiser. 

Certainly, large numbers do 
watch popular shows. On a good 
night, more than 16 million 
viewers watch irVs Coronation 
Street (and BBC’s EastEnders). 
But advertisers want to present 
.their products, to a fir wider 
population' than habitual devotees 
of soap operas. Some win want 
dial large audience; some will 
want the more : discriminating 
audiences which come with more 
sophisticated programmes. 

The strength and attraction of 
British television lie in its di- 
versity. The advertisers’ needs 
correspond closely to the broad- 
casters’ ideal of a varied, enter- 
taining, informative and 
educational schedule. 

through advertising, is not, they 
believe, enough to support two TV 

believe, enough to support two TV 
channels. They fear that com- 
petition for advertising funds 
would lead to a ratings war 
between ITV and BBC with an 
inevitable decline in standards. 

Ironically, the broadcasters are 
about to become involved in the 
sort of fierce international com- 
petition that is already familiar to 
so many of us in business. Satellite* 
technology will ensure com- 
petition; and this competition will 
have to be faced. It is not good 
enough to argue that competition 
would destroy the existing stan- 
dards of broadcasting and that the 
status quo must be preserved. 
Transborder television is just as 
real a threat to our public service 
broadcasters as Japanese cars and 
motor-cycles are to British manu- 

In this context competition is 
not just about ratings. It is also 
about financing and value for 
money. What has emerged from 
the present inquiry is not only the 

public disquiet about the nature 
and incidence of the licence fee 
but also the concern among 
advertisers about the rampant 
inflation in television advertising 
rates. These have been increasing 
steadily for the past 10 years at 
double the rate of increase of the 
retail price index. As a result, the 
advertising “cake” is artificially 
limited in size. Relatively few 
companies can afford television 
advertising; for many, the return is 
insufficient to justify the outlay. 

Some of the objections to 
greater competition have come 
from economists, who might have 
been expected to reject monopoly 
conditions and restrictive prac- 
tices but who have instead pro- 
duced a spate of pessimistic 
models of future advertising rev- 
enues. In this they have been 
profoundly unrealistic. Few peo- 
ple 10 years ago could have 
foreseen some of the new entrants 
to lelevisiOD advertising, for 
example, in the fields of financial 
services, corporate communica- 

tions and retailing; and no fore- 
caster is likely to do much better 
now about the TV advertising 
market 10 years ahead. 

So fir too little account has been 
taken of the effects of a truly 
businesslike attitude to selling 
advertising time competitively. 
Advertising plays a viral role in 
marketing. If the advertising of 
popular products is efficient, sales 
will increase, unit costs will de- 
crease and inflation can be con- 
tained. That is how markets grow. 
The market for television advert- 
ising is no different in this respect 
from any other. 

It is argued that competition can 
only lower programme quality, in 
feet the reverse is true. It is a 
misreading of the needs both of 
the viewer and of the advertiser, to 
suggest that advertisers are in- 
terested only in “popular” pro- 
grammes of questionable quality. 
It is highly unlikely that British 
audiences, accustomed to a wide 
range and high quality, will re- 
spond to a schedule of inferior 

Nobody is advocating immedi- 
ate reliance on advertising as the 
sole source of funds for both 
broadcasting services. Complem- 
entary funding of ITV and BBC 
through . advertising and some 
otter source is therefore certainly 
- an option, and probably a very 
sound one. Most' of the com- 
mentators advancing the case for 
advertising on the BBC have 
proposed at least a transitional 
continuation of the licence, al- 
though a subscription to both BBC 
and ITV may in the event be a 
more equitable and appropriate 

Far more crucial than the 
mechanics, however, is the 
opportunity feeing the Peacock 
committee to lay out the ground 
rules for the future ofbroadcasting 
in this country. What is called for 
is a recognition that competition is 
a more healthy route than protec- 
tion; that the advertising industry 
will continue to respond fav- 
ourably to quality schedules; and 
that the interests of the viewers are 
best served by adapting positively 
to change, not by attempting to 
thwart h. In feet the introduction 
of advertising on the BBC would 
benefit consumers, viewers, 
broadcasters and industry alike. 
The author is marketing director oj 
Pedigree Petfoods, a Mars Group 

• ;• -.vskS 

Now Marx goes the same way as Mao 

While the authorities in Peking are 
insisting that China is not aban- 
doning Marxism-Leninism but 
only giving it Chinese characteris- 
tics, the verdict of the Chinese, 
especially young Chinese, is dif- 
ferent. They are abandoning party 
dogma in droves. 

“Students in higher education.” 
says the official Communist Party 
paper. People's Daily , “feel cold 
towards Marxism-Leninism. 
Some even dislike it intensely ” 

All students have to study 
politics from middle school right 
through to research institutes. 
According to the paper, teachers 
still spout "the left-wing poison 
especially influential during the 
Cultural Revolution”. A picture 
emerges of Maoist teachers on 
ideological auto-pilot, droning 

away to glassy-eyed pupils who 
rake notes which they forget as 
I they write. 

People's Daily assures its read- 
ers that it is not Marxism- 
Leninism itself that is boring- 
rather, the curriculum needs to be 
linked more closely to real life. 

China's official English-lang- 
uage paper. Peking Review, speak- 
ing on similar lines, insists that 
“Marxism endures as a beacon”, 
but concedes that 19th-century 
Marxism “does have a few conclu- 
sions which are no longer valid”. 
These relate to capitalism 


Since Deng Xiaoping’s eco- 
nomic policies came into force 
five years ago, Chinese people 
have come into contact with 
capitalist practices and values. 
Peking Review urges them to apply 
Marxist principles to distinguish 
imported "spiritual pollution” 
which should be resisted, from 
Western values that need to be 
absorbed in the interests of mod- 

Unfortunately for the credibility 
of the Communist Party, Deng's 
policies appear in feet to place 
ultimate value on higher produc- 
tion, more contact with the West 
and increased personal wealth. Its 
insistence on socialist ethics and 
the assertion that the means of 
production belong to “the people" 
look like mere wrapping. 

The question of how to re- 
awaken interest and faith in 
Marxism-Leninism is not a new 
worry for the Chinese Communist 
Party. In 1979 a poll of officers in 
the Peking garrison showed that 
40 per cem had never read a 
Marxist work. In 1980, People’s 
Daily conceded that “after 30 
years some people are openly 
showing no interest in Marxism”. 

It is hard Jy surprising that 
interest has been difficult to 
sustain. Since Mao's death in 
1976, the Chinese have been 
bombarded with official apologies 

for the first 30 years of Com- 
munist rule, coupled with assur- 
ances that real Communism is at 
last in foe offing. But the dis- 
crepancies between dogma and 
actual party practice have made 
real Communism hard to define, 
and sometimes even contradictory 
or absurd. 

In the last months of 1985, 
university students throughout 
China demonstrated against poli- 
cies which they claimed eroded 
the national dignity. The party 
tried to put them right by sending 
leading ideologues to campuses to 
claim that only capitalism pro- 
duces inequality. But the students 
still complain of party corruption 
and of foreign domination of the 

As for the notion that the means 
of production — rice fields, or- 
chards, ponds — are owned by 
“the people” and that inequality 
as such cannot exist under social- 
ism, the students know otherwise. 
They know that most peasants 
believe they own what they cul- 
tivate. Press reports have revealed 
the buying and selling of land, 
often with party co-operation and 
sometimes by party officials. 

Despite these contradictions, 
the party insists that it now 
operates in the real world, not 
through a prism of ideological 
fantasy. Bui how should it adjust 

the Manrisi-Leninist “guideline” 
of co-operative ownership to foe 
realities of Deng's economic prag- 
matism? Recent reports show that 
output from the private sector rose 
by 88.4 per cent last year, and that 
34.8 per cent more peasants 
entered the private economy. In 
Hubei province, for instance, 63.4 
per cent of peasants* incomes now 
comes from their “subsidiary”, or 
private, labour. 

The ideological crisis in China's 
education system arises neither 
from boredom nor from any 
failure to refocus the Marxist- 
Leninist beacon correctly. Half of 
China's officials. People’s Daily 
said recently, had received no- 
training in baric Marxism. But 
that is not the problem. 

The reality is increasing in- 
dividual prosperity in many rural 
areas with little growth , in others; 
and high-level insistence on party, 
austerity and probity, though min- 
isters caught embezzling $46 mil- 
lion receive no greater punish- 
ment than “party discipline” 

tSiven such examples of theory 
and practice, young Chinese .do 
not find Marxism-Leninism bor- 
ing or even detestable^ For than it 
is irrelevant. 

David Walker 

How the law can 

in an unchangeable Older, whereas 
under STV the electorate . can 
make its preference felt between 
c andi d a t es of the same party, and 
that whereas in France the voter in 
each constituency had to guess 
whether he would be wasting his 
vote by casting h for, say, the 
Communists ' or the . National 
Front or the Ecologists, under 
STV be could have done so secure 
in the' knowledge that -the vote 
could stfll be useful to his second 
choice if the first did not attract’ 
enough votes to win a seat. _ _ 

One may suppose, therefore/ 
that STV would have riven a few 
more seats to the smaller parties, 
although the larger parties might 
' also have been able, to broaden 
their appeal by offering a wider 
range of candidates and leaving it 
to the voters to choose between 
them. (They would thus have 
avoided some bitter internal con- 
flicts, but would no’ doubt have 
had greater difficulty in “para- 
chuting” their national leaders 
into unfamiliar constituencies). 

These differ e nces are not so 
great as to make the French 
experience irrelevant to the debate 
in Britain. The new Bench par- 
liament is about as representative, 
and about as difficult to manage, 
as one could reasonably expect a , 
British parliament elected under 
STV. to be. If Jacques Chirac 
proves able to bold his majority 
together and provide fiance with -, 
reasonably stable government, he 
will provide an example Tor David 
Owen and David Steel to point to. 
If he proves unable to do so, be 
will furnish ammunition to Mrs 
Thatcher and Neil Kinnock. 

The irony is that one of the 
items in his programme, for which 
he will be trying to whip his 
majority into line, is to abolish PR 
and go back to the majority 

help the unions 

The British labour movement's 
favourite dicte comes from Win- 
ston ChurchflL when he was 
President of foe Board of Trade 
before the First World- War. The 
1 law, he said, 'was inimical to good 
industrial relations.* Trade union- 
ists and the courts should be kept 

It is stfll the fond wish of foe 
union establishment. “Most 
workers,” said the law professor 

Lord Wcdderburn, typically with- 
out benefit of surveys of union 

members* views, “want nothing 
more ofthekw than that it should 
leave them alone.” The aspiration 
breathes - through most- - of the 
submissions to the TUC think-in 
today on labour law. Such unions 
as foe Transport and General 

stimulated fresh thought Certain 
union not just tnc 

Hammond of tire Etecmaans, 
have recently glimpsed oppralu- 
nity as well as pain m the labour 
law enacted under Mrs Thatcher. 

The talk, especially amota 
labour's academic frieHds (though 
Oxford and Cambridge are spht 
on tins) is of “positive rights .The 
law, m other wwfc, shornd be 
welcomed as the underpinning of 
unions’ corporate identity. 

fi refraH of private documents, 
rule books would become public; 
actions carried out according to 

their lerier (such as strikes) would 

Workers and the National Union 
of Public Employees are effec- 
tively saying to courts and par- 
liamentary draftsman: get off our 

It faa foriora hope, regardless of 
who wins foe next election. It is 
also, oddly enough for a labour 
movement ; which ' still vividly 
celebrates the Totpuddfe deporta- 
tions 150 years ago, ahistoricaL 

Labour relations have been, 
regulated, one way or another, 
throughout the modem age.' 
Bargaining was made -a matter for 
magistrates by foe Elizabethan 
statute of artificers. Twentieth-: 
.'century law books abound with 
cases and statutes on everything 
from health and safety at work to 
unions’ disciplinary codes. 

But what did not happen in 
Britain was a once-for-all accep- 
tance of the : sodo4eg*I status. of. 
trade unions. In Australia, with a 
similar legal tradition, this was 
accomplished when an intricate 
system 1 of conciliation was 
founded a generation ago. 

In a real sense British labour law 
has remained pre-industriaL In- 
stead of institutionalizing the fact . 
of union organization in modern 
economic relations (as the French 
and Germans have done) Par- 
liament and the courts have 
danced a quadrille round the issue 
of onion recognition. The unions 
remain the legal equivalent of an 
astronomical blade hole. 

wedded to common, but I8th 
century, notions of pay bargain- 
ing. The law, meanwhile, would 
have to specify in far greater detail 
. than the authors of even the 1982 
Employment Act ever contem- 
plated the procedures andconduct 
of industrial action. 

Smcefoe 1870s the unions have 
operated within a carapace of 
■ immunity from prosecution. 
When the judges cracked the shell, 
they managed 'with foe Labour 
Party’s help to apply sticking 
plaster. When first Harold Wilson, 
then Edward Heath offered the 
elements of -a positive approach 
based on comprehensive legisla- 
tion, even with Heaxh’s National 
Industrial Relations Court a new 
legal system, the TUC could only 
offer blunt resistance. 

: Now aH foe politicians are 
tougher-minded. John. Prescott’s 
proposal of a union right to strike 
(ie a removal of employers’ right 
to carries caveats about 

how a strike should be called and 
in <tfoat -circtniista!Kes. Labour 
wffi insist on halloa. Labour will 
forbid political strilcesJtad so os. 

John Lloyd, foe labour pundit, 
has coined the phrase Haxo- 
mondism to designate the. philo- 
sophical element in the 
Electricians' commitment to up- 

dating 1 union rules and procedures . 
in fine with the British versi on of 

The jurisprudential fiction is 
that Britain is a full-blooded 
capitalist economy where workers 
make individual contracts of 
employment as if old Adam Smith 
and his pin manufacturer were 
still alive. The law is built on 
immunity — exemption from the 
consequences of foe operation of 
jaw. in sudb-.aa. economy. The , 
intellectual ca^ for trajasla ting the 
facts of industrial life in the later. 
20ih century into .labour law has 
been strong forajoqg time. What , 
is apparent today is that some 
unions, and some of foe muons’ 
political friends — notably John 
Prescott, Labour spokesman on 
employment — at. fast think foe 
time is ripe, too. . " 

Rupert Murdoch has helped the 
thought process. The use by a 
major employer of terms in foe ■ 
1975 and 1978 Employment 
Protection Acts which the unions. 

typically, had hoped would go 
away if they ignored them has 

capitalist society. Hammondism 
means an mid % idealistic anion 
longings for a socialist alternative. 
But Hammondism is often only 
the pufiHcntteraaoe of other union 
feadera* private thoughts. Take foe 
EEPTXTs submission Id foe TUC 
c on fcte n cc. lt aria -for law — 
statutory recognition' -fin- unions, 
defined picketing, tighter defi- 
nition or.a : trades dispute, or- 
dinances on union democracy. 

This is what Otte rs would ask 

- for. But the EEPTU, more honest, 
.adds rides. „The. right to strike 
"means ogafry agreed procedures. 

The legal eri&hdpatKNi offoe 
unions fo ifeny sooner or later, 

- tegally-bisdmg contracts. 

Reluctance to go down that road 
.is one reason why today’s TUC 
, deliberations will be so inconclu- 
sive. Instead of embracing foe law 
(and the rich potential of Euro- 
Iegal determinations that could 
well go in British unions' favour) 
foe general secretaries seem only 
to want the political pendulum to 
swing their way. Repeal here; 
amendment there; they would 
leave unions* legal identity as 
incoherent as even. 

moreover.. . Miles Kington 

Taste drive the 

new borsch 

Jonathan Mirsky 

There are two kinds of teapot. 
There is the teapot that pours 
cleanly, and the kind that dribbles 
tea down foe spout on to the fable. 

There are two kinds of match. 

. There is the match that ignites; 
happily and bums with a sincere 
flame. There is also the kind of 
match that either goes out im- 
mediately or breaks off mid tries to 
set fire to your hand 

There are two kinds of news- 
paper. There is the newspaper that 
folds back easily into a glimpse of- 
foe arts page, and there is the 
newspaper that folds into a model 
of foe foothills of foe Himalayas. 

There are two kinds of grape. 
:There is the grape which yields to 
your teeth with a succulent fruity 
texture. There is also the grape 
which turns out to have a ririn iit-p 
a Gurkha warrior and two dozen 
very small ■ pips, each of which 
lodges itself in the tooth you had 
so much trouble with last time at 
the dentist's. 

There are two kinds of trousers. 
There is foe pair of trousers you sit 
down in. And there is -the pair of 
trousers which you sit down and 
which then di^jiorge a cascade of 
coins into your chair because -the 
pockets tee misaligned 

There are two kinds of en- 
velope. There is the envelope 
which you lick and fasten down. 
There is also the envelope which 
you lick and which then immedi- 
ately springs open. 

- Ttere arc two kinds of shoelace. 
There is the.kind which stays tied 
and there is theltind which comes 
undone five minutes later and 
trips you up. 

But I am sure you gettbe idea by 
now. The idea is that everything 
the shops looks as if it works,*yet 
only half of those .things actually 
do work The only way you win 
ever find out if they work is by 
trying them before you buy them. 
It's quite simple, really. You see. 
something in a shop which looks 
the sort ofthlhg you want, and you 
try it out before you bay it 

The only snag to the idea is that 
weneverdo, do we? When was foe 
last time you thought of buying a 
teapot and said -40 foe a$s- 
. istanc“FilI it up with water and HI 
see pours”? When- did. you 
last tease yourself .with foe idea of 
a p^ of troust« ted saidi “Fill 
foe pockets with small* coins and 

let me sit in a sample chair, to see 
.if all the change goes down foe 
sides”? When did you last test- 
drive a match? 

- The other day I was in 
Sainsbury’s in Bath, and I found 
.myself beside a man at the grape 
: counter. There were some dark 
grapes from South Africa, ruby 
grapes from Brazil and silvery- 
green grapes from Chile. They all 
looked equally good. Normally, 1 
would make a wild guess and take 
one kind. But this man was made 
of sterner stuff He took a dark 

grape from South Africa and ate it. 

“Hm,” he said; “nice flesh, but 
. feathery skin.” We went into a 
testing oigy and tried everything. 
The rnby grapes from Brazil won 
hands down. But without that 
man as an example I would never 
rave thought of doing such a 


Meeting the man in Sainsbury’s 
has chan|ed my life. I now test 
notches before I buy them, and 
a sample envelope before I 
embark on a full pack. It has, I 
have to admit, made me very 

unpopular. No newsagent likes it 
when you spend two or three 
mmutes folding and unfolding the 
- **** *** “Givi me 

^ es ?- to ^ 0 °ti , tess Hernia 
of half-lhS 

stamps, mid -burnt-out matches. 

« ■<** 
morc more 



Buii?^ d u««r a ?r-. Aa ^ * 




g g g g V gSL 



Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

Mr Nigel Lawson has nyi f his 
Budget opportunity welL Ear- 
lier this year, while the harsh 
glare of Westland politics was 
afflicting his Cabinet col- 
leagues, the Chancellor was 
left See to cope with the 
destruction of his plane by 
fa i rin g oil prices in relative 
obscurity. The result is nicely 

With only a billion pounds 
left to play with, once the oil 
markets had wiped £5% billion 
from his revenues, Mr Lawson 
has nevertheless produced a 
Budget to alter the business 
climate and the political 
agenda. He has managed to 
turn “popular capitalism” 
from slogan to tax reality; to 
abolish another major tax; to 
create vital new channels for 
charitable giving and to slice a 
percentage point off the basic 
rate of income tax, as an 
earnest of the Thatcher . 
Government's revived inten- 
tion to cut this to 25 per cent 

He has made these bold and 
welcome steps within the con- 
text of a Budget that is 
politically skillful in its mix of 
small measures. While the City 
can rejoice over a halving of 
stamp duty on share trans- 
actions, a pint of beer in the 
pub will cost no more than it 
did before the Budget, even 
though strict tax logic should 
have decreed an automatic 
increase in duty. The benefit of 
a lower rate of basic income 
tax has been extended to the 
small businessman; it has also 
been limited, for the higher 
salary-earner, by adjustments 
in lax thresholds that have 
helped keep down the cost of 
the change. 

Mr Lawson has found some 
good causes to bind the Budget 
with general approval, provid- 
ing a tax holiday for pension- 
ers on this summer’s increase 
in benefits, and freeing from 
tax altogether the pensions of 
victims of Nazi persecution. 
He. has scooped up some 
useful extra revenue from tax 
abuses. Yet he has resisted the ~ 
temptation to recoup from the 
motorist the benefit of lower 
oil prices, interfering only to • 
shift the burden of tax slightly 
from car ownership to the 
petrol pump. 


But Budgets must be some- 
thing more than a balancing 
act stripped of political 
distractions, they must reveal 
a sense of direction. Mr 
Lawson took pains to tell us 
his direction was unchanged: it 
led towards sound money and 
free markets. Much has, how- 
ever; changed with this Bud- 
get, and for the better. 

The financial contact has 
changed only in one important 
respect. Mr Lawson has ac- 
cepted the impossibility of 
bringing growth in Staling 
M3, once the centrepiece of his 
financial strategy, down to 
single figures. A new target 
roughly twice the original gfaw 
appears in this Budget, after 
which it will presumably fade 
out of the political picture 
altogether. This retreat is bal- 
anced by the bravura of a 
further advance in the 
Chancellor’s attempts to re- 
duce public borrowing, for 
which - despite falling oil 
revenues - he has actually 
made a trivial reduction in his 
target, bringing it down to £7 

This is the kind of gesture 
that may not earn Mr Lawson 
much applause in the City, 

- always ready to pull his figures 
for public finance apart It 
does, however, demonstrate 
the continuity of policy Mr 
Lawson was determined to 
preserve. This is shown also in 
Mr Lawson's figuring of the 
economic consequences of his 
policies. His forecast of 3 per 
cent growth this year is un- 
changed; his forecast for infla- 
tion - down to 3% per cent by 
next winter - is lower than he 
had previously expected, but 
perfectly credible. The balance 
between growth and inflation 
look better than they have for 
many years. The two tests for 
the Budget are how this 
improvement can be main- 
tained, and how it can be 
channelled through into higher 
employment - where the 
Government’s greatest weak- 
ness isstiH apparent 
. The fundamental answer in- ' that deserves its reception as a 
Mr Lawson's.thiid Budget is Budget for enterprise. This is, 
that ihe'spark of enterprise in a vital sense, the 
must be nourished in British Government's policy for jobs 
business and British investors, as welL 

For an its inevitable par- 
simony, this Budget picks up 
from foe radical intentions of 
his first - intentions that were 
bruised and blunted in his 
second. He and his Prime 
Minister have had sufficient 
courage of their convictions to 
wipe out the tax on lifetime 
gifts, which inhibits the pass- 
rng-on of new-made business 
from one generation to an- 

They have given a vote of 
confidence to the business 
expansion scheme, foe inven- 
tion of Mr Lawson's prede- 
cessor for channelling seed 
capital into new businesses. 
They are demonstrating suf- 
ficient faith in the ideal of 
wider share ownership to pro- 
vide substantial new tax in- 
centives to personal 
investment in equities. And 
they will roll the ball of 
personal enterprise further 
with consultations on the 
extension of profit-sharing 
schemes, through which an 
employee’s pay packet and his 
company's financial perfor- 
mance can be more intimately 
connected, creating more of an 
identity of interest between 
wage and profit-earners. 

This Budget, ambitious as it 
is, leaves plenty of unfinished 
business. The consultations on 
profit-sharing should be wid- 
ened to include foe existing 
variety , of share schemes for 
employees. There is still some- 
thing half-hearted about the 
Government's approach to job 
creation through specific gov- 
ernment schemes, and it was 
evident in the Chancellor's 
limp presentation of an 
amended list of expanded job 
programmes. The Chancellor 
has been worse than half- 
hearted in his reform of na- 
tional insurance, which last 
year was represented as foe key 
to more jobs for the low-paid. 
This reform is still to be 

: Yesterday. MrXawson pre- 
sented a package of measures 


Unlike the Budget itself the 
Chancellor's accompanying 
t plans for reforming family tax 
have been surrounded by an 
army of objectors even before 
yesterday’s launch. That was, 
to some extent, Mr Lawson's 
own fault. His scheme for 
“transferable” allowances 
should have been published 
before the Treasury dis- 
appeared into pre-Budget pur- 
« dah. Opposition has fed on its 

Mr Lawson's second mis- 
take, repeated in his Budget 
speech, has been to present his 
plans as a step on foe way 
towards independent taxation 
of husband and wife. Quite the 
contrary. Mr Lawson's idea of 
a basic tax allowance which 
either a husband or wife can 
transfer to the other would 
reform and extend the prin- 
ciple of joint taxation. 

This is not, however, a 
deface it would take the 
British tax system closer to- 
wards its European counter- 
parts. Nor does it amount to 
an attack on working wives.. 
The tax allowance which 
would disappear under Mr 
Lawson's scheme is that now 
inequitably given only to mar- 
ried men, not married women. 
At present, if both spouses go 
out io work, foe husband 
red eves a larger tax-free in- 
come than his wife. In Mr 
Lawson's plan, husband, and 

wife would each- receive the 
same tax allowance. 

In foe process, of course, a 
working couple loses part of its 
combined tax allowances: 
which is why this - or any - 
Chancellor will find reform 
easier if it can be sweetened by 
a general increase in allow- 
ances. The more he can cut foe 
basic rate of tax before the next 
election, the cheaper and more 
practical his scheme becomes. 
The real question, however, 
concerns its treatment of cou- 
ples with only one earner. 
Were husband and wife simply 
to receive a single allowance 
each, such couples would be 
worse off than they are at 
present Many of these are 
poor, with heavy family 
responsibilities. This is why 
Mr Lawson prosposes that 
each married person’s tax 
allowance - - should be 
“transferable” to the other. 
The couple with only one 
income could nevertheless set 
two basic tax allowances 

This would remove the 
present overt sex bias in foe 
British tax system. Two 
fun elemental objections have 
been raised: first, that transfer- 
able allowances might deter 
women from working. This is 
because their husbands' take- 
home pay would fall as they 
reclaimed their allowances to 
set against their own earnings. 

Many women's groups there- 
fore would prefer complete 
separation of a husband and 
wife's tax affairs. Yet few 
favour separate taxation of 
investment income as well as 
earnings, a failure of nerve 
which emphasises foe diffi- 
culties in this approach. Few 
people would favour foe 
separation of married couple's 
finances for social security 
purposes. As social' security 
and tax become more closely 
integrated, it becomes increas- 
ingly difficult to apply dif- 
ferent principles to the two 

The second objection is 
raised by those who believe 
that home responsibilities 
should be recompensed di- 
rectly through the social se- 
curity system: specifically, by 
higher child benefits. But it is 
not only parental responsibil- 
ities that limit foe freedom to 
go out and earn. The care of 
the elderly looms, steadily 
larger in family affairs. Social 
security cannot cope with all 
possible eventualities without 
administrative difficulty and 
heavy expenditure. The 
overwhelmingly simple argu- 
ment for transferable allow- 
ances is that it leaves married 
couples free to choose how to 
arrange their affairs. It leaves 
foe tax system sublimely indif- 
ferent as to whether husband, 
wife or both bring in the family 


When Mr Tip O’Neill strolls 
along Constitution Avenue 
with a jfoiflgfag h in his hand 
and shamrock in his lapel 
Irish-American pride runs 
high. Visits to the Republic of 
Ireland by foe President, the 
inclusion of Dublin on the 
global itinerary of Senator 
Edward Kennedy: this is wel- 
come affirmation of American 
roots in Europe. 

It is entirely legitimate for 
House and Senate to debate 
foe relations of rwo. allied 
nations just as it is entirely in 
the domestic self-interest of 
foe United States to control 
foe flow of arms and money 
for arms to foe Provisional 
IRA. Even foe inclusion of 
Ulster and the Republic ot 
Ireland in a minor packafp of 
foreign aid, dressed up to look 
like Administration endorse- 
ment of the Hillsborough 
agreement; confutes no un- 

reasonable incursion by 

American politicians. 

But when they attach strings 
to the aid that implicitly 
(explicitly, to listen to debate 
in foe House of Repre- 
sentatives} can into question 
foe legitimacy of the forces of 
order in Ulster, foe tenor 
changes. And when, on Mon- 
day, a federal court - again - 
opined that an IRA murderer 
deserves protection from jus- 
tice because his act of homi- 
cide was u politicaT then the 
ambiguity underlying Ameri- 
can attitudes to Ireland and 
foe United Kingdom was ex- 
posed. The structureof Ameri- 
can policy towards terrorism, 
towards . foe . murderers of foe 
Achilla Lauro, towards foe 
butchers of Rome and Vienna- 
airports, teeters towards in- 
coherence. . . .. . 

Joseph Doherty rs a mur- 
derer, tried and convicted by 

due process in courts based on 
the legal philosophy - which 
sired that of the United States 
of America. That they were 
Diplock courts neither adds 
nor subtracts. Doherty is a 
member of a terrorist 
organization dedicated to vi- 
.- olence as a means and as an 
end. His visage is the same as 
that of foe Palestinian who 
murders American travellers. 
It is as dangerous to civilized 
life whether practised in foe 
streets of Belfast or in Beirut 

Sooner or later, and for foe 
sake of justice in Ulster it 
should be sooner, foe ball 
lands back with Mr O’Neill. 
Current American law makes 
foe United States a haven for 
Irish gunmen. The love of 
Congressmen for Ireland will 
be shown in foe expedition 
with which they move to 
change it 


Fears on protection of children 

From Mr Lorn Blom Cooper, QC, 
and others 

Sir, We, the members of the panel 
of inquiry which reported on foe 
circumstances surrounding the 
death of Jasmine Beckford, write 
to express our concern about foe 
provisions of the Children and 
Young Persons (Amendment) 
Bin The BHl is a private members* 
measure introduced by Mr Dennis 
Walters, MP, and is due to start its 
committee stage on March 19. 

Its main provision is a require- 
ment that no child in local 
authority care under statutory 
powers should be returned home 
except on the authority of a 
juvenile court. 

It seems to us that the measure 
can only have been intended to 
deal with foe public concern about 
Jasmine Beckford and some other 
recent cases of children who have 
died at the hands of their parents 
after having been returned home 
on trial. 

It is entirely understandable 
foal some people think that there 
should be some judicial super- 
vision over the vital decision of 
social services departments in 
relation to children in care. How- 
ever, we conclude that the desire 
to transfer responsibility about the 
rehabilitation of foe families of 
abused children to magistrates 
represents a panic measure which 
is impracticable and undesirable. 

In our view, foe experience of 
Jasmine Beckford* s death — and 
some others — is that magistrates 
in juvenile courts lack the nec- 
essary professionalism to be able 
to make the difficult judgements 
which have to balance the risk of 
future abuse gainst the need to 
reunite families. The cases suggest 

that such courts are more likely to 
send children home than social 

Maria Colwell's death in 1973 
was a tragic example. But there are 
others. The rider added by ttar 
WiUesden justices in foe Beckford 
case would indicate strongly that 
those justices would have been as 
keen for the rehabilitation of 
Jasmine with her family as were 
the social worker and her senior. 

Our views might be different if 
such cases were dealt with in a 
properly constituted family court 
comprising expert lawyers and 
laymen, trained and experienced 
in child care and foe factors 
leading to child abuse, backed up 
by a specialist court welfare 

Finally, one of the problems 
that has bedevilled child care law 
is the piecemeal nature of the 
legislation, built up from a series 
of small measures, often in re- 
action to specific cases. 

For this reason, the Department 
of Health and Social Security is 
now engaged in a massive 
consultation exercise to review the 
whole of child care law, leading to 
a package of coherent proposals. 
Mr Walters' Bill unfortunately 
represents yet another piecemeal 
measure when the issues we have 
identified in our report need to be 
considered within the overall 
framework of a total review. 

Yours faithfully, 






Goldsmith Building, 

Temple, EC4. 

March 14. 

Coach site choice 

From Mr Geoffrey Edwards 
Sir, In considering foe recom- 
mendations of foe consultants 
appointed by London Regional 
Transport to study which site 
would be best for a central London 
coach terminal, foe Government 
would do well to recall foe fate of 
foe Roskill Commission’s recom- 
mendations on foe siting of a third 
London Airport 

The commission had been 
asked to study four sites that did 
not include Stansted; their recom- 
mendation was ignored, and now 
Stansted is being developed to 
handle extra air traffic. The omis- 
sion of Marylebone from the 
options to be further studied is as 
absurd as the omission of Stansted 
from the Roskill options. 

It seems wildly improbable that, 
after, the farther studies have been 
completed, the Government will 
opt for any of the schemes that 
require massive expenditure of 

public money (between £40 mil- 
lion and £53 million) when an 
equally satisfactory coach termi- 
nal could be built by private 
enterprise without any such 
expenditure. Our company plans' 
to do exactly that at Marylebone 
once it has ceased to be a rail 

Our plans include (also without 
any call on public funds) the 
conversion of the present rail 
route to a busway. This would give 
coaches a segregated route into the 
terminal from either A40/M40 or 
the North Circular Road and 
remove foe present heavy coach 
traffic from Finchley Road and 
Edgware Road, (conferring great 
environmental benefits on north 

Yours faithfully, 


Great Central Development 
Company Limited. 

32 Queen Anne Street, SW1. 
March 11. 

‘Banned 9 In the Cape 

From Professor Peter Vale and 
Professor W. J. Davies 
Sir. On Tuesday, March II, the 
South African security police 
banned two leading members of 
the United Democratic Front in 
the Eastern Cape, Mr Mkhuseli 
Jack and Mr Henry Fazzie (report, 
March 12). By this act, the security 
servants of Mr P.W.Botha’s Gov- 
ernment have signalled their 
unwillingness to negotiate with 
the recognised leaders of foe black 

We believe that this develop- 
ment may plunge foe Eastern 
Cape into foe internecine conflict 
which marked 1983. We call upon 
all those in Britain who care for 
peaceful conciliation in South 
Africa to immediately write or 
telegraph their member of Par- 
liament so that this matter can be 
raised in the House of Commons. 
South Africa at this critical junc- 
ture cannot afford to lose foe 
contribution of these two im- 
portant leaders. 

Yours sincerely, 



Institute of Soda! and Economic 
Researc h . 

Rhodes University, 


Eastern Cape, 

South Africa. 

March 12. 

MPs 9 obligations 

From Mr Peter Rost, MP for 
Erewash (Conservative) 

Sir, The electorate and media 
seem to want it both ways. 
Occasionally one of us is auda- 
cious enough to remind the public 
that many parliamentarians make 
unreasonable personal and family 
sacrifices, are overworked with 
inadequate facilities, for a salary 
well below what they could com- 
mand elsewhere. 

Such maverick voices are 
howled down, reminded that we 
volunteered knowing foe con- 
ditions, and told to make way if we 
don't like the job as there is no 
shortage of candidates waiting to 

Yet when Mr Matthew Parris 
decides to do just that after seven 
conscientious years, and sell his 
services elsewhere at their market 
value, he is criticized as a defector 
(March 12)! 

Many members, and particu- 
larly ministers, are worth several 
times foe salary they willingly 
accept in foe service of their 
consiituems, or in government. 

Have we not had a timely 
reminder that the nation cannot 
afford to lose too many of those in 
Parliament whose ability can com- 
mand so much more, for less 
personal sacrifice? 

Yours sincerely, 


House of Commons, 

March 13. 

Finding a fake 

From Mr H. Rainford 
Sir, Your various correspondents 
(March 4.11,12) regarding foe 
value of paintings should remem- 
ber that their value is purely 
subjective, and dependent on foe 
whim of the “art experts”. The 
market is completely fictitious 
and, as recent disclosures have 
made clear, can be manipulated by 
various bodies to give an im- 
pression of ever rising prices. 

Art, as an investment, is a very 
new concept; only a short time ago 
paintings were looked upon as 
wall decorations, probably 
cheaper than foe tapestries which 

they supplanted. A rich man 
would commission a painting of 
his favourite horse or woman, or 
would merely request foe artists to 
provide something attractive to 
fill a blank space. 

Paintings have no intrinsic 
value beyond that of the materials 
used and foe time taken to paint 
them; an investment potential 
created entirely by foe opinons of 
what has been shown to be a very 
gullible and easily swayed clique 
must be ex u-emly suspect. 

Yours faithfully, 


206 Upper Richmond 
Road, SW 15. 

March 11 


From Mr Francis Wiljord-Smith 
Sir, In response to Dr Hickman's 
query (March 7) as to the purpose 
of dustwrappers, 1 would point out 
that they are of great interest to the 
publishing historian, as very often 
they contain information not in- 
cluded within foe covers of the 
book - for example, lists of 
authors and tides, series catalogue 
numbers, prices etc. 

All these help to give a picture of 
a publishing house, which is 
especially of interest when the 
books are of some age and when 
foe original publishers have either 
long since thrown away foe 
information or gone out of busi- 

Only today I received a 
dust wrapped book on the back of 
which was a review reprinted from 
foe Sunday Times of April 22, 

1934, praising the publishers for 
the reintroduction of the 7d 
novel, one of foe publishing 
casualties of the First World War. 
This at once accurately established 
foe date when foe sevenpennies 
were obtainable once again. 

In addition, cover illustrations 
can reveal contemporary atti- 
tudes. marketing approaches, that 
would not be apparent without 
them. Dustwrappers can thus be of 
historical and sociological interest 
to foe researcher. 

At what stage should they be 
removed, asks Dr Hickman. Now. 
please, and consigned to me rather 
than the wastepaper basket. 

Yours faithfully, 

Stan way, 



March 8. 

Crab fishing in 
the Falklands 

From Mr D. A. P. Cox 
Sir, I should like to take issue with 
part of your editorial entitled 
“Falklands factors” (March _ 10) 
where you stated that a feasibility 
study of inshore crab fishing has 
bad promising results, but that no 
one has yet worked out how and 
where to market foe product. 

My company is carrying out the 
inshore fisheries study in conjunc- 
tion with J. Van Smirren Ltd, the 
shellfish company, of Boston, 
Lincolnshire. We nave indeed had 
promising catch rales of crab and 
have given a great deal of thought 
to how and where to market foe 

A small processing plant is now 
under construction in Port Stanley 
which will enable us to send 
sizeable quantifies of semi-pro- 
cessed crab back to the UK for 
farther processing and marketing. 

A buoyant market for crab 
products exists in Europe and 
North America and a regular 
container service operates be- 
tween Port Stanley and the UK. 
The cost of shipping containers 
8.000 miles is well within the 
margins available for seafood of 
this type. 

Yours faithfully. 

D. A . P. COX. 

Fortoser Limited, 

Louden House, 

Fish Docks. Grimsby, 

South Humberside. 

March 13. 

Keeping out the cold 

From Mr Eric Jeffs 
Sir, The fact that during the recent 
cold weather several old people 
died of hypothermia in local 
authority housing suggests that 
they were the victims of bed 
energy planning decisions in past 
limes of relative abundance. 

Helping old people to survive 
the cold is one thing. Making sure 
that foe next generation will not 
suffer foe same fate if the winter of 
2015-16 is equally as cold is 
another matter. Like famine in 
Africa, immediate help will not 
solve foe long-term problem if it 
does not help to create an afford- 
able energy supply for those who 
most need it. 

The 1983 Energy Act 
emphasised freedom to generate 
electricity. In practice it has led to 
the deployment of an increasing 
number of small-scale combined 
heat and power plants (micro- 
CHP). Such plants, based on small 
reciprocating gas engines, even 
modified car engines with beat 
recovery, are installed because 
they can produce heat and electric- 
ity cheaper than the owner can 
obtain from foe public utilities. 

Since foe marginal cost of 
electricity production in a micro- 
CHP system is typically around 'h 
p/kWh and foe area board buy- 
back rate is over 2 p/kWh at this 
lime of year, and considerably 
higher in winter, a plant associated 
with sheltered accommodation for 
old people would be able to 
subsidise heat costs from foe sale 
of electricity. Several local 
authorities have invested in such 
schemes for swimming pools and 
leisure centres, and there are at 
least three schemes serving old 
people's dwellings. 

Gas supply is assured well into 
the next century. The Energy Art 
has given us a means to use it 
efficiently for foe benefit of those 
who most need a cheap and secure 
supply of beat 

Yours sincerely, 


European Editor, 



Moat Lane. 


Great Missenden, 

March 4. 

Age concern 

From Mr Brian Crazier 
Sir. Whatever has happened to old 
people in this country's media 
including The Times,? They all 
seem to be “elderly” these days. 
My dictionary tells me that 
“elderly” means “somewhat old: 
bordering on old age". Calling old 
people elderly adds a couple of 
syllables to the adjective but 
doesn't make them any younger. 

Next thing. I suppose, we'll be 
drawing foe “elderly age pension" 

Yours very truly, 


Kulm House, 

Dollis Avenue, 

Finchley. N3. 

March 13. 

Satanic drills 

From Mr David Green 
Sir, I somehow doubt if anyone 
ever fought or died just for the 
beauty of England. But in any 
event if John Bratby (March 12) 
dislikes foe consequences of living 
in an environment rich in eco- 
nomic opportunity, why does he 
not merely reverse Mr Tebbifs 

Here, for example, with any- 
thing between a quarter and a half 
of foe adult population despairing 
even of finding work, he can have 
magnificent coastal and inland 
scenery which is at minimal risk. 
And so far as one knows he does 
not have to work in Hastings. 

Yours faithfully, 


Rhyd yr Harding, 

Castle Morris, 

Near Haverfordwest, 


March 12. 

MARCH 19 1890 

Prince Otto uon Bismarck (1813- 
1898 ) was appointed Imperial 
Chancellor of Germany tun 
months after the proclamation, of 
WiUiam I as the first German 
emperor in January, 1871. and 
until the death of the latter 
dictated the policy of the country 
in both home and foreign affairs. 
Of him Gladstone said "He made 
Germany great and Germans 
smalt". He dominated Europe by 
the cunning and skilful manner in 
which he maintained the balance 
between the great powers. With 
the accession of WiUiam II in 1888 
his influence waned and he soon 
found himself at odds with the 
young ruler. Resignation was 
inevitable and Punch 
appropriately summed it up with 
Tenniel’s cartoon “ Dropping the 


(From Our Correspondents.) 


The Labour Conference, now 
sitting here, has been completely 
thrust from its place in public 
interest by the greatest event 
which has happened in Germany 
since Prince Bismarck came into 
power— namely, his present resolu- 
tion to resign it wholly and 
irrevocably. Of the existence of this 
resolution on the part of the 
Chancellor, which I was able to 
indicate as certain last night, there 
is no possible room for doubting, 
and all that now remains for us to 
know, as it would appear, is the 
when and how of the Emperor’s 
acceptance of the Prince's resigna- 
tion. That he has asked the 
Emperor to be relieved of all his 
three offices— viz^ President of the 
Prussian Ministry, Foreign Minis- 
ter, Htwi C hance llor. . . 

That the same formality should 
be observed in the case of the 
present rumours relating to Prince 
Bismarck indicates a belief on the 
part of the authorities that the 
resignation of the German Chan- 
cellor is at least equal in political 
importance and scope to the death 
of a German Emperor, bb, indeed, it 
is. and that consequently they dare 
not be contributory to the pertur- 
bation of the Empire and the outer 
world by permitting the broadcast 
dissemination of statements which 
might possibly after all prove to be 
premature or erroneous. Prema- 
ture it may indeed have been this 
morning to assert that the Emper- 
or had at last yielded to the 
entreaty of his worried and wearied 
Chancellor, but I should say that at 
the hour of my writing-9 o’clock— 
the risk of stating facts by entki 
paring them is very much less. It is 
highly probable, indeed, that by 
this time Prince Bismarck is in 
possession of the Emperor's deci- 
sion. and that this decision is in 
accordance with the inflexible 
character of the Chancellor’s own 

In any case, the Emperor's mind 
must now be made up, and it is 
certain that others are also privy to 
his Majesty's intentions, which be 
doubtless conveyed this evening to 
his assembled generals, who had 
been summoned to his side by 
telegraph from all parts of the 
Empire. I chanced to be passing 
the Schloss about 6 o'clock, when 
my attention was arrested by a 
crowd of sightseers, who stood 
vaguely wondering as carriage after 
carriage, containing the command- 
ers of army corps and other 
military magnates of the Empire 
(including Count Moltke, whose 
face was more than usually seri- 
ous). swept into the courtyard of 
the Castle as if some unusual 
solemnity or function were afoot. . . 

With regard to the immediate 
cause of the official rupture (for. 
after all, it is much more official 
than personal) which has ended in 
the resignation of Prince Bis- 
marck, the theories vary much. We 
must not, however, look for one, 
but for several causes with a 
cumulative effect, though from the 
chain of these we may at once 
eliminate the hypothesis that Dr. 
Windtborst and his Hanoverian 
propensities have lately introduced 
a disturbing element into the 
relations between Prince Bismarck 
and his Imperial master. It may 
be— indeed, it is more likely than 
not, now we know that it was the 
Clerical leader who sought for his 
recent meeting with the Chancel- 
lor— that the subject of their con- 
versation mainly turned on 
matters connected with the aims of 
the Duke of Cumberland and his 
natural enough desire to get hold of 
the sequestered moneys of his 
Royal father, but it is inconceiv- 
able that on this subject there 
should be any divergence between 
the views of Prince Bismarck and 
the will of the Emperor. 

, k S 




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Meaningful terms 

From Mrs L. E. Tripp 
Sir. Teachers used to do voluntary 
activities. Now they have discov- 
ered that they have been doing 
unpaid overtime all these years. 
Yours faithfully, 


The Gables. 

Wheathampstead Road, 


March 8. 

From ilfr.C M. Peto 
Sir. 1 was relieved to hear (on foe 
radio this morning) that an educa- 
tion expen had achieved “maxi- 
mum generalizability” by taking, 
as a sample, 90 infants schools 
selected from urban, suburban 
and rural environments. 

Yours faithfully. 


I Burton Coun Cottages, 

Brampton Ralph, 



March 6. 


, - rtcei/ 



* f • • 



Vi 4 3 !4- 

Bank Holiday pay, free word processor training, sick pay s 

choice of interesting assignments. 

Open to all qualifiedlemporaries. 

sick pay scheme and an excellent 


35 Nbw Brood Street, London EC2M 1NH 
Tel: OV5QB 35B3 or 01-5BS 3576 ’ 

Telux BS7374 Fax 01-S3B 321 B ' 

True PJl position with scope for increasing 
.imUBn. responsibilities 


LONDON EC4 Package £14,000 - £15,000 

The Senior Partner of lha es ta blishe d yet fag growing firm of solicnon seeks 
a Personal Assistant with the maturity, co mm er cia l understanding and com- 
mitment to work as an extnesion of hi mad fin the management of this friendly, young 
commercial practice. This is a new appointment at this level and the Senior Partner 
has the ability to delegate and will delegate and will welcome initiative and ideas for 
improving efficiency. The successful applicant will be weD-educaied with excellent 
secretarial and administrative skills, the presence to co mm and respect with clients 
from the international business community, and a stran yet naturally diplomatic 
personality. Initial remuneration is negotiable with base salary £I2JOO - £I3.S00 + 
discretionary bonus, contributory pension, fire medical insurance, etc. Applications in 
strict confidence under regerence CLPA 663 / 1 1 to the Managing Director 

CflMPBai-J0 H reTl W B(H ay TTVESHainABff5Ull iU THIfBaB U ITMWC0tSiniftllTS).35IIBggMADSTBgt 
L0SD0SH2U HL1EL BV5B8 3588 OS 01588 3578.THBL 07374. MX NO: 0KM92IS. 


General Manager of the London Brandi of a 
major German bank requires a secretary who has 
several years experience of work at senior execu- 
tive level, with usual secretarial skills and 
complete fluency in both English and German. 

The post will be de manding , but interesting, and 
will offer very attractive working conditions, a 
competitive salary, and excellent fringe benefits. 

Please apply with full GV. to Box No D70 The 
Times, PO BOX 484, Virginia Street, London 




Bright, educated, experienced. Executive Sec- 
retary with till] typing, shorthand and audio 
skills and plenty of common sense and initia- 
tive required for young, fast growing, 
professional practice with exciting chent tisL 
Competitive salary and excellent working con- 
ditions in newly acquired convenient office 
suite in NW London. 

For details contact: 

Ann Chomet on 458 8018. 

Recruitment Consultants 

Tri-gngud PA/ SECRETARY (25-35) with English 
shorthand, truly excellent FRENCH and a good knowl- 
edge of ITALIAN - someone who enjoys variety. Itvety 
colleagues and a busy, cosmopolitan environment 
Own office. Location: Mayfair. Salary: £9,500 

RIGHT HAND: Not so much a language job. but lots of 
international contact A young but experience and 
business-minded Secretary/PA who can handte confi- 
dential work for the Managing Director and act as part 
of a busy support team. Good shorthand, word pro- 
cessing and plenty of stamina. £9,000-tsfi, aja.e. 

equipped City office. This is a world where client 
relations are paramount and looking after visitors 
forms an important part of ytxa duties. E5L500. 

22 Charing Cross Road, London WC2H OHR 
01-836 3794/S 


Salary scale NJC 5/6 £9237 to £10.908 (includ- 
ing inner London waiting) and according to 
experience and qualifications. 

Director of social work (Lydia Gladwin) 
requires an experienced PA. High standards of 
administrative and secretarial s fills needed and 
Christian commitment to the interesting work of 
this busy church agency. Further information 
and application forms from Mary WeJd-Smhh, 
Board for Social Responsibility, London 
Diocesan House. 30 Causton SL SW1P 4AU. 
Tel: 01 821 0950. Closing date 14th ApriL 



Needed in the Cambridge Office of an expand- 
ing firm of professional agents giving the 
complete property service. 

Please apply for a personal history form and 
job description to: 

Andrew Pym, AIHCS, 

Smith- Woo Hey, 

27/28 Bridge Sleet, 

Tek Cambridge (0223) 3S2S66 

Young, Expanding HoBday Company 
dose to Victoria Stn requires 

We need a bright, literate person with initiative 
and experience to work for our busy Marketing 
Director. High standard of audio essential phis 
shorthand. Scope for involvement in PR. Lan- 
guages and wp usefuL Salary c £8,000 neg aae. 

Apply to: 

Louise Martin, RCX Europe Ltd, 

Parnell House, 19-28 Wilton Rd. 

London SW1V 1LW. 01-821 6622 


c. £12,000 (Plus excdlwt benefits) 

A mature, well presented person capable of being 
a self-starter, is required to act as Secretary/PA 
for the French General Manager of a malar 
European Bank's London Branch. 

Prospective candidates must be luDy bilingual 
with French/ English shorthand and typing. 
Confidence In own ability and good 
organisational skills essential. Previous banking 
experience preferred. Age mid 30’s upwards. 



i :1 ».'< w a 1 i) > » 





Secretary with legal experience in 
conveyancing as Personal Assistant to 
partner (old established South 
Woodford practice) to be responsible 
for assistance with domestic 

Why not work and live on your door- 

Ring Michael Devonald on 

01-989 0088 


(City) c. £10.000 

A well orWLtafd and prnoilMIr SkhUit'PA wtfli mnlMt 
MrlMM ivpin.MOO.'tDiind word pfDMiln,iNllibmifit 
for Bk Deputy Maiumna Director of a nubor company. 

The work will be vaflrd and hWi Mandants of the EngiHli 
Unfluw iraln. good -A" level standard) and numeracy are 

A good sense of humour and a nteaslng personality are essential 
la ensure a happy and effective rule m a small corpor a t e office u 
which general support to me office needs a shared. 

Tot R- Oliver 01-623 9021. 

Starting £7^00-£9,000 

Small, rapidly growing, financial services busi- 
ness in City needs second secretary/pa with 
top skills, good "O' levels m Maths and English 
with aptitude for learning WP and other office 
computer skills. Wordstar helpful. 

Reply with CV to: 

B FkOer 

52 Charrington Street 
London NW1 



Expanding worldwide insurance busi- 
ness requires well educated, efficient, 
energetic people with good secretarial 
skills and numeracy to work in a team, 
languages and computer abilities are 
additional advantages but not essential. 
Good training provided age 22 plus. 

Please provide c.v. and coming letter 

BOXD9, The Times, P.O. Box 484, 
Virginia Street , London EL 

c£ 17,000 

City based 

The Managing Director of a rapidly expand- 
ing Design and Consultancy Company, requires 
an experienced Secretary/PA to take a leading 
role in the administration of the company. 

The successful candidate, educated to 
degree level or at least HNC wifi be based near 
Cannon Street/Mansion House Stations. A 
knowledge of Personnel Management would 
be an advantage. 

Please write with full c.v. to: 

The Managing Director 
1/3 College Hill London EC4 4RA 

£ neg 

Our busy in-house legal dejwronem requires an experi en ced 
legal secretary to assist our Corporate Counsel 
You will need to be neO presented, have a mantra and friendly 
disposition, exceflem typing and shorthand skins hi)/ 1001 and 
be capable of working on jour own initiative. Experience of 
Xerox 860 Wotdprocessor would be an advantage but in- 
boose training can be provided. 

For Umber details, call boc Woods an 
01-493 5518. 

(No agencies) 


If you have good shorthand, audio, copy 
typing or word processing skills we'd very 
much like you lo join our City temporary 
division. We handle a variety of interesting 
short and long-term assignments for many 
famous name clients and now would like 
to increase our applicant register. To dis- 
cuss your requirement and availability 
please telephone Fiona. 

030 359 Elizabeth Hunt 015*0359 . 

^ tecnjitmentCbnsutonb — 


c£l 3,000 

A prestigious property company in W1 needs a 
first class administrator with perronnd 
experience. The wide scope of responsibilities 
includes interviewing, staff records and salaries, 
W.P, training and trouble-shooting any 
personnel or equipment problems in their 
various London offices. You will do some highly 
confidential secretarial work and must have 
skills of 100/60. Excellent W.P. experience and a 
good educational background is essenuaL Age 
?0+. Please calk- 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Consultants 


The a an exceptional opening for a persofmefrorlencaied 
PA within ths recognised work) leader ir. office systems 
technology: As Execirtve Secretary to European Director of 
Personnel you will help to coordinate personnel policy 
throughout their EEC subsidiaries. Much of the time you 
will work on your own initiative, handling problems/ 
correspondence and dealing at senior level In his absence. 
Good typing/ rusty shorthand and some personnel experi- 
ence essential. Age 25-35. Please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street; London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 


| Bright Spark £ 10,500 § 

* Mfra busy, zappy and friendly Merchant 4 

2 BortA in. the City needs equally zappy young ^ 

> secretary who wants a varied and busy job 

n in a great environment. Age:2I-25. Skills: o 
rr 90/50. 

> 51 

| Author’s Assistant 5 
| Graduate £8,500 ? 

v An unusual opportunity to work for a large — 
i. City company as a PA to a writer of books = 
“ and articles. You’ll need to be very interest- “ 
■f ed in City Business, like research and have £ 

3 very good personal presentation as youll be < 
x meeting a lot of important people. This is a J. 

0 career opportunity requiring numeracy and ^ 

| good skills. Age: early 20 ’s Skills: 90/50 < 


3 8 Golden Square, London WL 

> Tel: 01-439 6021. 


A superb opportunity to use your 
Secretarial/ Admin skills in a thriving young 
business! Exceptional variety includes constant 
liaison with clients and staff - smart presentation 

Accountancy Personnel, 

1 Glen House, 

Stag Place SWI 
Tel: 01-828 6004 

The Royal Society for 
the Encouragement of Arts 
Manufactures and Commerce. . 
to 31st December 1986 

The busy campaign office of Education for 
Capability/Industry year 1986 needs a secre- 
tary with good admin/audio typing skffls. 
He/she win help to arrange rneetings/travel/ 
conferences/exhi bitions/everits/publications. 
Knowledge of WP and interest in education an 

Salary £8.000 to start as soon as possible or 
28th April. Please send full CV to Janet Jones. 

8 John Adam Street. London WC2N 6E2L 
Tek 01-930 5115 ext 217. 


Experienced secreaary/admini strati on assistant 
required for busy jewellery company sales office. 
Salary negotiable. 

Reply with full CV to: 

Jan Springer 
Gemco (Jewels) Ltd 
Audrey House 
Ely Place 

London EC1N 6SA 
01-405 5137/5138 

£10,450 inc. BONUS 

Successful gold promotion company needs an experienced 
secretary for iheir dynamic Investment Mauser. He is keoi In 
tWcpic and involve his assistant in all aspects of bis varied and 
con Menial work. Senior levd experience. esxUcnt sh/tm 
■*iRs MO 0 +/MJI wp knowledge and pood educational back- 
ground essential. BUPa. life assurance, pension sefaeme and 5 
weeks holiday. Super offices in SWI. Age 28-45. Phase ring;. 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

49 Regan Sum wi 

One of the UK's most prestigious organisations 
renowned for its sophistication and quality of pro- 
ducts. known worktwiderrequires young secretary 
to work in a department harulling VIP visitors of 
an extremely important nature. Apart from 

HANDLING VIP’S c£io,ooo 

stirious organisations providing secretarial back-up. £ e Y_^ ui ™*-®p 
an and quality of pro- are the sophistication ro deal with VIr s. a f icxio le 
i u ires voune secretarv attitude and WP skills. 01-499 9T73 

idling VIP visitors of Shorthand an advantage, 
lature. Apart From Ideal age mid twenties. • |»|^|| / 

[MID 20‘S 

to £12,000 

The challenge of a new securities opera- 
tion in EG2 is supported by a major 
Internati o nal bank. As PA to the MD you 
win utilise your banking background and 
SH/typing + WP skills. Excellent mort- 
gage facilities etc. 



Of course you get a discount on wines - 
the wine courses are free as we# if you 
become shorthand secretary to the Gen- 
eral Manager of this Mayfair wine co. Age 

BANKING £10-12400 

Free travel to work, excellent lunch allow- 
ance, subsidised mortgage - ait yours as 
secretary to the General Manager of an 
International bank. ShortharaJ/typing .+ 
WP skills required. Age mid 20"s+. 



You need to be smart, alive and aware to 
take on the busy, telephone-orientated 
job as shorthand secretary to the Market- 
ing Manager of a company in SWI. Age 
mid 20 s. Free products, bonus etc. 

City 377 8600 West End 4 39 7001 

Secretaries Plus 


£1 5-£20-£25,Q00pa? 

Do you understand something about 


- Could you listen, to . . . 


and then advise them so they can 
remain or become "independent'’. 

One of our financial clients wishes to strengthen 
their team due to the increasing number of en- 
quiries they receive: They are quite independent 
and not tied to any large financial group. Loca- 
tion, Kent 

If you are interested please contact R N Orr, or 
Miranda Lewis quoting reference R2572 

Roland Orr 
& Partners 
Recnritment Services 
12 New Buifington Street 
London W1X IFF 
Telephone 01-439 6891 

CHAIRMAN £13,500 

A top P.A. is needed for fascinating 
Chairman of a very well known com- 
pany. Liasion with Board Directors 
and clients as well as ministers and 
diplomats. Age c28. 100/60. - 

HOTELS £8,500 

French required for . this 50% 
secretarial job. You will be (foaling 
with hotels in France. Degree useful. 
A professional approach needed. 
Age 20-22. 80/50. - 



required with accurate typing, well spoken, wiB- 
rng to undertake general office duties and ability 
to operate telex. Salary c £7,000. Free lunches, 
BUPA and pension scheme. 5 day weds, bouts 
9.15-5.15 pm. 20 days leave pa. 

Apply in writing with CV to: 

Goal Petroleum pic,. 

1 New Bond Street, London WIY OSD 



I've bees promoted from my job ss secretary io two of our 
DtraaoR to they raw need yoo and your itorthand/woRj pro- 
ttwnft Skills (90/50). 

It trill be A busy life bdpidg them with concspoodeacc end 
do c mnaHs while they arrange pcs ct m tocac oL write news 
reksscsznd sroA to promote ihenueresciof thordkias. Yoo’B 
need a pkasaut le fo ph un c voice and confident «««» as you 
hold the fort wide the Directors are out. 

Give me a Hk for a chat about the job. 

Amu S83 2525. 



Reporting to the Director of a smalt team hantfllog 
industrial llason. Good s/hand. typing and audio 
skills: experience of. or willingness to. learn. WP. 
Good telephone manner essential. 7 Applicants 
should have at least five year’s office experience, 
maturity, initiative and ability to work with min. 
supervision. Salary cur scale: £8092 • £9146 pa 
Inc. Applications (o : Ms J. Senyshyiu Academic 
Services Unit. University College London. Gower 
Street. London WOE 6BT- 

means £350 
Holiday Pay 

f If i 

l \ 4/ • 1 L 

iiift j < 1 


It comes with dtop temporary secretarial 
jab and the MacB tain Nash PrivilegeCanL 
Phone Victoria Martin on 01 439 0601 
now. x k 

3rd Ftoot Cantefftm Horn, i w Refeni Straei 
London WlRSFE. lSntnmcrtaR*a«a PL nppnohi M.wi«nH ) 


P-A- .to Managing Director - 
recruitment - office management 
- confidential typing - supervision 
of 5 secretaries. Age c25. 


Lovely, reputable company in 
•Knightsbridge are looking for an 
assistant to the publisher. 80/60. 
Age c25. 1 




50 Hare Cream 5Wt 

A Driving Force 

c £11,500 ** 

XESStESG*-* 1 **”***^ 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London WI 

(Recruitment Consultants) 


Tonight we would like to invite vou tn 

?.(^m S ^d^.30pm Ur in O ^ b f- 

would like us w ™rt I 

^ next move we’d we 

l lZ 0< Zl DOr ^’ London WI. 

“-* 0331 a«Qbetii Hunt Jggz 


^ SFomme hJSS? or “™» 

X IMG 7 ha Lf* _1_ tfl.jh 

T * "" WUjIivt 

,VlMMMD8rMidC.V.wira sal 

^ ryn VBraitsasta 
ffiPW* St 




| n J2ne hf ? ercel y com Petitive recruft- 

Sccrec f ries - oar list of clients 
SLJjJr* ?? *• re*™ to become a 
byword for continuity jn a business marked 
by change and shifting relationships. 

WeK over three quarters of our current 
assignments come from clients who have 
already used Senior Secretaries or have 
been recommended to do so by existing 

; We must be doing something right! 

(m We 1 re. on our third PR agency hut our vows 
to^Senior Secretaries are sacred.^ 




= = V*"? 




c. £11,000 Mayfair 

If you are young, looking for 
a career and are prepared to 
train in the OH Trading 
business, read on. This 
young, small yet expanding 
company is looking for an 
assistant to help their 
operations person in ah 
aspects of trading. Vour 
secretarial skills will be used 
as back-up. Numeracy Is 
essential and attention to 
detail, priorities and a good 
telephone manner vital. 
Skills 90/60. Earty 20‘s. 
Telepboec 01-499 0092 



£10.000 Knightsbridge 

Ons 01 Lonto i fating Efengr asp compane; SMte a scN [Mffiftssefl. tatty 
eonuwem RM/sacnay to ft# two pmtfai team. Ew*tni 

ftusney n franca. 

Ynl mid an 'Iran bst in a gtove' when dettng Mb darns and 
eofaotag ihe uotsi e wtsltie nmoaptae pervadng tte tremendously 

fa* to! creative otfce. MM 

Ygul t» resoonsAle lor As SOcaJ and bustass 

amnamena of ness mo ttgty pmduave NPllfftr WK 

tiWM Your time sMuM never drag ni no 

shifts- * “■ Secretaries 

■■MMK Hr u i ni Comero 



College Leaver Maida Vale 

A mane xeoag y I w a brand m tiaon »jti or* o> today s up martetmj 

A gotten ecccnuw bn someone with ambom. acarate sbud on O. tvnrg (90/50) and 
an jornuee tor. word processing. 

Ths como»» encourages career tragresen and tt* rewards on (he «ay 
are const** and hrgb. am swerti omas. labubw __ „ 

subsAzed lunches, teg far salary rev** and EVEN Camiai* BBS 
saunas and sunbeds to keep you mgreasRne OCIHinW 

aha jotu (we wests bofaay. , • 

Tdeg bano >1-809 4422 S OCX^LdriOS 



£ 10,000 + + 

A well educated person with 
poise, patience and toler- 
ance. who will be able to 
converse with VIP's, is re- 
quired to work tor a private 
individual in a beautiful 
home. You will be responsi- 
ble lor correspondence, tele- 
phone work, arranging social 
engagements, invitations and 
many other day to day mat- 
ters. Age 25-50. Skills 

Telephone 91-499 0092 





£10,000 Knightsbridge 

Jovi this talented young team of 
advertising professionals and 
your leet won i touch the ground 
wnen you enter this last moving, 
Iasi {Ming world. 

The agency specialises in high 
lech diems In me UK and inter- 
nationally. They need a buefy. m- 
lelligenl secretary to keep up noth 
and control them. Fast, accurate, 
lust ume now typing a essen- 
tial as is irie ability lo balance 

ligures and enjoy general 

If you have a cheerful and wel- 
coming disposition, this would be 
me perfect opportunity to pm the 
media menage Age 26+ . 

Telephone 01-589 4422 


ArDuomfi CunkdUitk 


then you should note that 


is organising an open competition for the recruitment of 


Vdu would probably be based m Brussels or Luxem- 
boug end you would be expected to perform 
vonous office duties; mainfy typing Cm EhgSsh or in 
other Community Languages) but other secreta- 
rial tasks os wel. 

to obtain the competition notice and Ihe corrpi- 
sory appScation form please write, quoting the 
reference COM/C/456, ta 

MoteorferncteflteCbmm^ GOMMUNflB 

Opportunities Employer) you should be aged •• 0 8 Storey's Safe, tendon SW1P3AT 

behkreenl8anci35ondbeoncitionoiofoneof D 4Cathe^Rocta I CotaiffCF19SG- 

theMennber States, hotred least 5 GCEXy □' 7 Afvo Street. MnbwghEH24PH 

[fivefs'and 2 yean' professional experience of P Wndsor House, 9/15 Bedford Street, 
simiiQr duties (bhfingual secretarial studies wiH be BeBast BT2 7EG . 

cotfitedas experience) and, preferably: be faro- 
lior with wota-pfocessors and automated office COMMISSION OF1HE EUROPE/ 

equipment, \bushodd have English as your RecnitmentDivism ' 

mother tongueond hove a safefoctaiY • 200 rue de (o id 

knowledge of one other Cammuiity language. B-1Q49 Brussels. 


• UnwOTiy ^odupfes a® nof efcgibta 

RecnitmentDivisioa ' 

200 rue de la Id 
B- 1049 Brussels. 


Saudi Arabian Airlines is looking for a 
person who has proven administrative 
and secretariat skiffs for the position of 

£9067 P A 

Responsible for an administration and 
secretarial requirements relating to 
Training Courses run by our Marketing 
Division, you wiB liaise closely with 
Head Office in Jeddah and Saucfia of- 
fices in Europe and North America- 
Together with the department secretary 
you will ensure the smooth running of 
this busy department - 
You should be educated to ‘O’. Level, 
standard. An ability to type is essential 
and VDU skiHs would be an advantage 
as would previous airfine experience. - 
In addition to the basic salary, benefits 
indude free and reduced rate air travel 

Please telephone:- 

Shenaz Dhanji 
on 01-995-7755 
Ext 146 for more details. .. 

Salary not las than £I0,282pa 

The Royal College of Nursing, the leading 
professional organisation and trade union for 
nurses has created an exciting opportunity for an 
experienced Secretary, preferably a graduate, to 
provide a foil and confidential secretarial service 
10 the RChTs Chief Executive. 

The postbolder will have previous experience of 
working ai an executive level, possess excellent 
secretarial-including word processmg-sJolJs and 
the ability to communicate effectively. 
Additionally, tact, sensitivity, the ability to 
prioritise workloads and a willingness to work as 
part of a team, are essential attributes. 

For further details and an application form please 
contact tike Principal Personnel Officer, The 
Royal College of N arsing, 20 Cavendish Square, 
London WJM OAB. Teh 01-409 3333. dosing 
date for receipt of completed forms: 4th April 

The RCN actively discourages smoking in all its 






. Partner. 



Centra) WdBttflBO* 


etaorUund. - 

Gentle Humour 

to £9,000 

This is a quietly puewssful enrinmawm — a small 
langetublehed company at the top of its Grid. 

One of their jenior partners, a respected consultant to the 
con si ruction industry rxm seeks a Sec- fit who fs *nn the 
same wavelength', lo be hte right band 
Intelligence and a flexible. mature approach dominate. 

SUMO/iiQ. Age immaterial Please td 01-409 1232. 

RtcruJtjnval CowdlMts ■HHMMteMI 



Expanding members only business centre 
requires further secretarial executives. 
Applicants should reside within the GLC area 
and have a knowledge. of an office systems, 
including s/h,- audio, telex and WP (Wordstar) 
and be smart and well spoken. 

Exodfem salary plus car. medical insurance, 
dress allowance and share incentive scheme. 

Interested applicants should telephone or write 
today in own handwriting enclosing CV to: 


Nightingale Secretariat, 

1 Bcrkaky Sqnare, 

London W1X 5H6. 

fid: OX-629 6116) 

3rd Raw. 124 M|wi SI HL1 



Leading cosmetic house 
needs a Sales Services Coot- 
dmator 2 S+ for the louetnes 
dlv-Blon. The person mould 
have A level education or an 
NND/HNC In hmimi stun. 

01-83S B235 

Where do top corporations 
get data on word processing staff? 


An equal opportunity employer 

1 1 immDRAKE 


The 'Staff Care' package. 



it £150 Holiday Bonus 
it Holiday Pay/Bank Holiday Pay 

★ Guaranteed Work for Top Skills* 

★ Social Programme 

★ Free W/P Training 

★ Regular Reviews 

★ Performance Award 

★ Complete Career Development 

lr you have at least 18 month** experience 
coupled with pood secretarial skdb - and now 
fee! ready to absorb mote administrative n> 
sponaMity. then *e have a vanety of exciting 
posts to discus with you. The fields are di- 
verse. shipping, conferences, personnel, 
man a geme nt consultancy, oil public rebiiom 
- bat the opportunities lor career growth are 
excellent across the board! 

c. £10,000 

Exercise your social skills to the full, 
organising cocktail panics and greeting clients 
while coping with Ihe imentaiKMial travel ar- 
rangements Tor the General manager of this 
leading miemaiional household name. 

If you can combine good secretarial skills with 
smart presentation and a mature approach - 
call today. Apr Late 20's. 

• wnw H • «MV 


Croydon > HtW8 

Hobom 2*21223 

Stratford 5556232 

Wed End WOW 

dry 623 1226 

Hammersmith 84697B7 

KmhiQlon 22992*4 

Victoria 8340388 



Our client is the London Head Office of an International Parent 
Company, with overall responsibility for personnel policy at their 
branch units nationwide. Previous admin experience is essential in tiie 
areas of pension/salaries and benefits; Lr. P.A.Y.E - N.I.C. - Pension 
Contributions. In addition to personnel, the admin, content relates to 
Car Fleet Operation, Travel Arrangements, Statistics, private health 
schemes, etc. Ideal age range is 24/32. You should be an organised 
individual capable of working under pressure and the package on offer 
is valued at up to £10,000 per 

rr » _ -ffiKKOO® Mr 

Paul Saunders on the telephone r^T~\ rYT' V f A vTk~'3T_r\ 
number below or send year CV. *® | H II J] k ^ II 51 * 

him at this address. U Wywy\>UUM d-" 



c. jC9,000 

A welV-otganised, experienced secretary is need- 
ed for our London-based Operations Manager 
whose role is to co-ordinate IWS wool promo- 
i lion activities throughout Western European. 

Apart from the usual secretarial duties you will 
be expected to organise his busy travel schedule 
hold the fort whilst he is away and research and 
collate economic data for reports. First class 
organisational skills, a confident and mature 
manner and a high level of tact are essenuaL 

You will probably be over 25 and have had at 
least 4 years post-college experience at middle 
and senior levels. A good educational back- 
ground is important and preference will be given 
to candidates with O and A levels. 

Our modern offices are situated dose to 
Piccadilly/St. James Park and we offer a starting 
salary of up to £9.000 p.a^ LVs, 25 days holiday 
and free medical insurance cover. 

jjsSk. Interested? Please write briefly, 
JKKZSmk enclosing a CV to: Miss L Haig, 
MOlll International Wool Secretariat. 
\S ^Suor Wool House, Carlton Cardens, 
. London, SWIY. 


to £8,500 p.a. 

We are currently looking to recruit a 
young, bright, highly presentable secretary 
with an outgoin personality, confident tele- 
phone manner, and an ability to work on 
her own initiative. This vacancy may suit a 
qualified college leaver. 

The position is based within our presti- 
gious London office just off the Strand. In 
return for your skills and commitment we 
are offering an exciting working environ- 
ment with exceptional benefits including 5 
weeks holiday. 

Write enclosing CV, or Wm 

telephone for an application 

form:- n BH n 

Jill A. Kelly 

Personnel Executive " I™ 

Scottish Tderiskm pic. [1 

7 Adelaide Street, 

London WC2N 4LZ fmmru ci/icv^k; 


Perhaps a great deal further, but without moving a 
step- because we need a Recmhmem Consultant who 
can by claims to being one of the best m London. 
As pan of innovative team there is enormous oppor- 
tunity for an enterprising professional to develop an 
own role within a fast -growing, hardworking Consul- 
tancy. If you feel that your enthusiasm, dedication 
and success might equal ours, then make us an offer! 




01-629 9323 


£ 10,000 

imenatanal PreiapOBS Co seeks 

sfs se c m& mstitts b 
tewww siqtpon to the Mb- 
uaag Dshsk • AtraignS prc» 
eoWBtncas. tanfl «rth praters. 
Aomoss «. loeai sob far an arte- 
uBte orgauor «dh solid 
aesoane nadgromd. 

CITY- 01-4512345 
WEST END- 01-93S 2188 




40 Great PbntalSl landonWINSAH 


If you are a smart, presentable secretary 
with good shorthand and/or audio skills 
and a sound knowledge of commercial 
office practice, we have guaranteed long 
term assignments at Wang in City, West 
End, Slough and Isleworth. 

Just look at these benefits: 

Good rates 
4 Weeks paid holiday 
Bank holiday pay 
Sickness pay 
Very pleasant offices 

You will be very much part of the team at 
Wang, so if you want the _____ 
best of both worlds - tern- gSSgJSSgS 
porary work that is 
guaranteed - call: 

Sarah Dale on 579-9416. Ke * <Y ° — 

TIMTOflArY M*tl» 

Bnett «f fan Sector* wfife ct- 
c H shun skfa e nested mm by 
this preauous Irawnr Deugn 
GflW You II met sail molvMnt. 
OeAtaMn and qooo otgaasation^ 
sUb Exoemety Rmresaig nd 
s»d aosteft hoi spent perks. 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 



The Managing Director of TAP AIR 
PORTUGAL and Chairman of CARA VELA . 
TOURS requires a high calibre young person with 
a dynamic career orientated personality. 

Our requirements call for a person with first dass 
secretarial skills, fast typing, and absolutely fluent 
in Portuguese. Maximum age 30 vears. 

Excellent salary, 5 weeks paid holiday, travel 
concessions and contributory pension scheme. 

Appticatkms in writing to: Mr T MeteSo, 
Managing Director, TAP AIR POTRTUGAL, 
Giftranani House, 38/44 Gffingftam St, 

London SW1V 1 JW 



C.£1 2,000 

Small wine company near Waterloo needs an experienced book- 
keeper to become an Merpal part outer business. Responsibilities 
wfl include afl bookkeeping lo tnaf balances, VAf returns, harang 
wdti Dies accountants, computer work as well as general involve- 
ment m aH aspects ct me* orgamsanon. Excelenl educational 
background, computer equ tlexHwy and an mieresl. as the owner 
says, m the Ima things ot hte essential Age 3<M0. Pfease call. 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Recruitment Con euftants 

99 Regent Street W1 

Responsiblity, Job Satisfaction 

Are you W'Qood organiser? Do you hai e experience witu 
cocnputorsC Can you type? And do you wanl a lasting 
career in a xery tiapoy amtonphere? We sell beautiful 
collectors' items by mall order and our business is 
expanding rapidly. We need someone who will be 
responsible for organising the change over lo computer. 
Excellent prosper!*, top salary. Please write In 
continence with cv tp: 

Managing Director, Halcyon Day*, 

14 Brook Street, London W1Y 1AA 

OwreaP Com, a*n and compe- 
tent? are awe to uase a a «twis 
and 'netlie snow hi me bras s 
atasres? H you can wnk to deed 
knes and are nrt a dock wBdwr. 
ths tot PR Co k Atmto see vdu 
(tstoy.Mew MfiMfl 100/80 2S+ 

CITY 01-4812345 
WEST END; 01-938 2188 

X f W *' 



r-i :< 

-.V Sr ^ n%- b1\ - 


£11 m 

Large httemsaMial Compafty 
seeu dynanxs 5ec PA Ja the Or- 
iroor oi Pmonnd fioofl sh-hm 
swib teg a pus me (biMor ioson 
«nm ojc.tis and amtktants 
eic Personnel era me! lots ai n 
vuvaiwl & vanety. Rec Cons 

CITY 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-933 21SS 

:i i is* 





Roberts Court _ 

43-49 Barkstoii Gardens Berkley House 
Kensington, London SW5 JHa 


One bedroom flats from <£62,500 
T\vo bedroom flats from £128,000 
Three bedroom flats from £155,000 
Three bedroom penthouses from £295,000 
Lift ■ Resident Porter • Gas Central Heating • 
High quality finishes throughout • Balconies , 
terraces or patios to marry flats. Access to 
beautiful communal gardens. 

SUPERB SHOW FLATS (01-244 8253) 
OPEN TODAY (AND DAILY) 11 a.m.-7 p.m. 

Juint Selling Agents 


i NO income, bank or existing lenders 
reference required 
REMORTGAGE for any suitable 

13.596 interest up to £ 100,000 
MIRAS at source for qualifying loans 
Up to £ 150,000 available 

Loans of up to 70% of purchase price or 
valuation (whichever is lower) 

BROKERS enquiries welcome 

Wateradnt Quay, in Hackney, as it will look when completed. Units are already beingsold firon the architects* pin 

Riverside prices within reach 

IV- - 

t \f * iP ,. •- *- r " , 
•" \ ‘ - * ■* 

Phone Stephen Hopkms/Chjrles Meaden on 01-651 4V85 
or write to Devonshire Financial Services. 
Devcmshire House, I Devonshire Sr„ London VlN IFX. 




174 Brampton Road 
London SWJ1HP 
telex 23661 WAE 

01-581 7654 

f STEAD & 

152 Fulham Road SWI0 01-313 6425 

281 Kensinoion High Slreet WB 01-603 1221 
Tele* 2958U5 FSANOG 

mi \ithn dior lamcnr. hm Enl Oiln wiurr. 
□riiafillul loo duplet rdrai fain entertaining 3 
hrefr.. bath. 3 knplv TPCV kil. ulU 70 m 
L1RS.OOO 023 1 i Sun lOZpini 

Hvor Park as your Irani odn Enjoy mod 
lu*urywilh 5ih fir a pan in lop wurlly Mock. 
Ggeincl S t>pds. J Oalhs. kiugr rrc <br*er. baKv 
■KM I ri L35S.OX) 73a 0341 iSun lO-Spml 
EXCLUSIVE LUXURY, m Supreme 7lh Hr 
dnwlnwnl wiin nrealhlaklnq Sou in over 

Rrgemt Prirk and Mow uc. Finest modern 
tHUMinq DouMe ww ■> KMM. 5 IwllB. 40* 
rrrep. Iwkomei Q 7» yrs Often ckw 
£<•00.030 734 0041 iSun lOTixni. 


IkaiUid 3 Oed. 3baiti flat In prime Mock with 24 
hr porterage oc service*. Lge dMe recep. fitted 
kll. Spacious plan. Outstanding pnn 66 yrv 
£290.000 2 is 0776 (Sun 10-2pml 
COLEKERW C OU ITT , 5«5 Beautifully mod 2nd 
fir Hal trap block with glorious communal odns. 
ImomMve entry. 2 3 beds. 1 2lgereceo. fabu- 
lous Ml a, dining. 2 lin BMPs. 61 yrs. 
£ 188.000 236 0725 'Sun IO-2PTTH. 

conversion flat opposite Onslow Gardens, 
boasting classical original receptton room 26 K 
16 wun vintage elegance Large Mi a-Tart 
room. Line oath. Immaculate. 63 yns. 
£IBB.OOO 236 0725 ISun 10-2pm>. 

W.EST END-& " 


_ “ONLY 3” 

- . — 

t^z. . -:r- 

~ a ft jl. .a 

Superbly finished fiats in this 
exciting Mews Development 
off Milner Street, in the heart 
of Chelsea. All finished to 
the highest standards with: 


• Luxury fitted kitchens 
fully equipped 

• Fitted carpets 

• Attractive Cornicing 

• 125 Year Leases 
View today 11 -4pm 
Show flat - G 1-584 0226 

1st floor: 2 bed, bath, recap, 
kit £167,500 

2nd floor: 2 bed, bath, ensuite shower, 
recep. kit £1G2£00 

3rd floor 2 bed. 2 bath (! ensuite). 
recep. kit £167,500 

A survey published at the weekend 
showing that the average price for a 
three-bedroom semi-detached house in 
Greater London costs £63,000 compared 
with a national figure of around £36,000 
will come as no surprise to that large 
body of people wanting to buy just such a 
house in the capitaL 

Nearer the centre, the cost of property 
cart seem prohibitive, but amid the 
expensive developments — new or 
conversions — there are some imagina- 
tive schemes coming on to the market 
which give a variety of flats and houses at 
a great variety of prices. They indicate, 
however, that developers and builders, 
with their architects, really are trying to 
present attractive properties for the 
money. ... 

As has already been shown with the 
London Docklands, a waterfront will 
enhance alm ost any property, and a 
development by Kentish Homes in 
Hackney takes full advantage of the 
opportunity to build alongside water. 

By Christopher Warman 

Property Correspondent 

time, is to be revived. The theatre wiB be 
iWinrrri.' and behind it B apartments will 

lecture. E very one of the houses has two 
bathrooms and all have a basement, 
designed to give flexible use for work. 

of tb^T^^Sariy A pgnSgre suite, 
breathiakbg views of London irom the 
river towards the Gty. L 

' *«' ' * 

play or storage. As an incentive to buy 
from the plans, buyers for the first phase 

People are looking at 
this area with new eyes 

Hackney is one of those areas of London 
in decline for many years that have some 
good houses and open spaces and appear 
to be gaining in appeal. This is partly 
because of tire need to find places other 
than the traditionally popular areas in 
which to provide homes — but that need 
has led people in turn to look with new 
eyes at the area. 

Watermint Quay, near the Lea Valley 
Regional Park, about three miles from 
central London, is a development of 77 
three-bedroom and four-bedroomed 
houses at Craven Walk, Clapton Com- 
mon, formed of two curving terraces 
which gradually step down to the banks 
of the river Lea. The houses, which were 
designed by the architects Campbell, 
Zogolovitch, Wilkinson and Gough, are 
of red brick, with white lintels and slate 
grey tile roofs, and are given added 
interest because of varying elevations 
and walkways. 

The same team built the award- 
winning Orchard Mews development at 
Islington last year. and for Watermint 
Quay have adopted a 1920s-style ardri - 

from the plans, buyers for the first phase 
of 24 are being offered benefits worth up 
to £^50^ including a £10,000 rebate for 
early purchase, £1,700 for legal costs and 
stamp duty, and £800 for a security 
system. . 

The houses went on the market at the 
weekend, with six already pre-sokl, three 
of them to people working on the project: 
They are priced between £99,995 and 
£108,995 and are for sale through Alan 
Selby and Partners <01-986 9431). 

On the other side of London, sou th of 
the river at Vauxhall, is a very different 
development by SktiUon and Groveskfe 
Homes jointly. Regents Park Gardens is 
hi! ill on the site of the original Beaiifoy 
vinegar factory and incorporates- a. 
number of Grade II listed Regency 
b uilding s incl ud ing an 18tb-cenxury 
docktower which is a local landmark. 

They are being joined with two 
terraces of new. Regency-style houses 
and two blocks of flats, designed to 
complement the existing buildings. The 
development has been designe d .for , 
security, and will have its own swim- 
ming pool and playground. 

The first 14 flats in what was the vat 
house are for sale from £50,000 for atme- 
bedroom penthouse maisonette, £75,000 
for one with two bedrooms, and 
£275,000 for one with four bedrooms. 
New flats are from £41,000, and a four- 
bedroom house in the cooperage is 
£149,950. Farrar Stead and Giya (01-373 
8425) are the agents: . 

Skfllion, wfaufo specializes in urban 
renewal projects, has previously under- 
taken the renovation of a chocolate 
factory, a fire engine factory and a piano 
factory. Ah old vinegar factory now join* 
the dub. 

Two other forthcoming attractions arc - 
worthy of note. The Playhouse Theatre 
in Craven Streep Charing Ooss, wiridi 
has been jtying idk and forlorn for some „ 

Anthony Lassvsn,. whose firing 

Lassmans, with Guttoos, will be offering 
the apartments for sale, was called to 
advise- whether a residential develop- 
ment was viable. He decided it was, and 
believes it will appeal to. people involved 
m theattdand, though not femilies. 

The listed building, on seven floors, 
will have a variety .of units from two 
studios; to three4jedroom flats on two 
floors, and to tire triplex penthouse with 
a roof terrace The apartments: which 
wiH not be ready until summer next year, 
will cost about £100,000 for the audios. 
£395,0OQ-£75Q,QQQ fortheflate, aad£L25 
million for the penthouses The Mode will 
have an g-m phasw on security, tire units 

AJojeririth the marble 
luxury ofDynasty 

wifi have 999-year leases, and the 
entrance foyer will be positively Dynas- 
tyUkc in its maibfc-lmed luxury. 

Chdsea Qoistera in Staue Avenue is 
London’s largest residential complex 
under a single -root and ^ since it was 

a substantial pro gramme of interior 
redesign and irf or b is hment which wifi 
eventually cost about £7.5 million.- • - 
. Ftnxfiqghas been carricdoiif through 
Greyhound Etm^peanRnaneiti.Gfpuft 
which has a major hoWing irnhe owning 
company Seasoonrain^ aad the. pro- 
gramme is designed u> provide a 
seketion of higfc-quafity studio, one- 
- bedroom and two-bedroom apartments 
on long leases - 125 years - changing it 
' front-lbe- short-term rented units wmch 
made ithilherto more like a hotcL 
The completed scheme will pnmffe 
446 studio apartments. 150 two-roomed 
and 43 threeroocted apartments, with 
the starting price at around £55,000: The 
-first phase mil be bunched on April 4, 
and through Hampton^ 
and Ke^h Qaraafe Groves: . . 


Financial Services 
25a Motcomb Street 
London SW1 
Open unto 8 p.m. today 

mm •IIMNDHI FUbam. 
Groml floor PB flat wtBlllW 
views. 2 <M bada. 3 tattM a at 
rtifla). MKnea. recvgUan. OCH. 
Use of Wow swimming POOL 
Mma. UndorgraoDd parking. 
990 -yr Isaac. £ 99 J 5 QOano. Prt- 
VMH srtc. fttns 01-585 1456 
after 6prti 




NW3 Superb 3/4 bea rood use cn 
priv dose. Cdn/paao. gge. 2 
reccns. 2 bams i m rune, lux 
equipped ml playroom, la Inc 
furntture. carpels CK. £185.000 
CCM 79 yrs OI-722 89X9 

Joint Sole Agents 





PRICES FROM £32.000^35,000 {mifcfrcl to sontnefl 


r-. c= ^ 


Parris & Quirk 


Show Complex open: 
10.0am-7pni WKDI^S 
10.0 im-5pm SATS 
Ii30pra-Sptn SUNS 


_ I I * _■ 1 1 1 1 1 1 

Superb Georgian 
house in quiet road. 4 
bedims, a bathrms. 
2/3 recep rms. Garage 
and parking. 

Freehold £206.000. 
Frank Harris & Co 

Bright, s 
signed 3 

sad do- 

ES5A00 for quick sale. 

Telephone 809 5532 
or 607 9191 


Architect designed luxury 
fiat Ground floor plus spi- 
ral stain to lower level. 2 
bedrooms/bamrooms. fined 
Uicnen /dining area, large 
louogr/pabo. 97 j w be. 


Tel: 01-240 6761 

EXCSRKMAUY tags tngM Iokt 
9iMd * U Spaows 6mg area 
g® «mdw seat, i tuKteanul 
dbteBtaw Used pnen.GisCM. 
indudes carpets. 

£ 100,000 

Tel: 01-370 3504 

Seeking a London home? 
Ten us your rMnuremexits 
and our efficient experi- 
enced staff win find and 
inaped all suHable proper- 
lies, then give you a select, 
sfiorl list saving you One. 
stress and Inconvenience. 

Tefeohone 01-364 3642 


Btowful prvt mews nouse. 2 
bedrooms, one bsnsroom. 
fully fitted hitmen, large liv- 
ing roo m . open fire, gas 
central heottno. £170000 

Offers Welcome. 

Tel 01-243 0432 OR <07073 

4 soaoous hntuxius Bits n pb 
Ucck bd«een Oxford U and 
Crotmu r SqnanL 
Each ompnmQ S lului. 
tan^e/Wng non. 2 tadnons. 
en aide Mfli. (age krtehen. 

Lfasr 38 yws. 

B6B2 515737 

sum COTTAM KW1 Regency 
Lodge Selection of Large 
umnodcrMwd 4/a b cd iw i i 
flats. 48 year learn from 
£9GdOOO 01 631 Olll or 262 



V , 


The Barratt Premier Collection is a completely new range of 
over fifty individual and innovative house designs. 

Homes to suit every’ taste and pocketat prices that range all the 
way from £20.000 up to £500,000. 

Each home sets brand new standards in living space, specifica- 
tion and stvle. 


And they're just brimming over with those special touches 
which make life so much more pleasant and comfortable. 

For full details ol this exciting new generation of homes and 
our four unique show villages, visit your nearest 
Barratt development or write to: 

Barratt Information Service, Post Office Box no. 

4 U D, London W1 A A UD. 

■ ‘ ’ 24-37 Cloth Fair 

Cloth Fair eci 


Seven unique freehold 2/3 bed town 
houses ideal for an entertaining lifestyle 
Prices from £230,000 

for invertiiicrt/dcvckignMM. 
Contact J Hunter 995 4783. 

ST srepwn MEW* W2. LAM 

5 «pac mews ram in gd dec or- 
der. RfrnB.U .2 dbM bod*. 2 
bathrms. set> wt F/tdd 
£ 90 - 000 . Hi M a Lewis. 244 

MHMCJUI BC2 Luxury 1 bed 
ttm with a spin level lounge *nd 
views over the lake. 122 yr 
lease. £86.000. Batty Swvaas 
CMd 01-696 2736. 

Bridge end tube. 4 bedroom 
house In oulet Bm» cul-ae- 
SK. £149.960. T. Hoskins. 730 

HAMRSTMO R W 3. Brtotit and 
dry 2 bed newty conv. well lev- 
el M3H Line ffi UIXT&OOO 

irrj f 


KWfllaTUS «l Bewrtlfuny 

Ty . wx. iiia. rvcrpogp, i 

dtnuig hau. 2 buns. (yUy 
jouawd faL £500 RW. 
Weiune rprnHhrd progenies 1 
a»w«L Please Wve us a e»h 
JMww we cm bets you find 
a home in London 

01 244 7441 

&* 01 2447563 



R ESIDEKTIA L— - v -' 

40 Connau^t Street, London W22AB 01-262 5060 

London areas £15 o/££ooOdw 

wrewiT wantd^qm^; 

* hootta In esno-af^g.' 

WUlovely 3 BwLUwnhause In 
‘ qWqclMe. gge, n r tube,wM to 
tet/fhmUy. CHO gw. alm Tm 

iV.wc. 1 a bed 





residential PROPERTY/2 


\ E 

£ ^ 


The London man 
in the Highlands 

B TH8 sato p< eaniiay House, Cray. in 
Ww»n>ess^we f by the Inverness agent 
Hnfayson Hughes, 13 an example of 

Home sales market 
blows hot and cold 


has woftedoot that the concept^a 

businessman foing hittw Highlands 

and m l^ndwi is rwt so fer- 

fetchedas ft 8ountte,The agents ar- 


as *e asking price of 

■Dyes Farm at Lanaley, Hertfom- 
shim, to mmatty TOVcantay haH-flm- 

Lutoaintemafeonal ahport and with ac- 
c*** 9”** tanaSna atrip 

- commuter. The . 

house, dating from BIO, fee of beams 
and an fetgtemok fireplace, has half an 

around£li® 3 QCSflirough John H. James 
ana Tufiww. 

<he old nunnery 

■ Avernng Court near Tetbury- 
Gloucestershire, is a fine Grade II listed 
CotswoW stone country house datma 
back to the Shi century when rt became a 
nunnery after Wffliam the Conqueror 
had given it to the Abbey of Caen. It re- 
"^' e Enary at Newark 
-until the Dissolution of the Monasteries. 
It was rebuilt in the mid-Wth century 
and again altered in the late 8th century, 
and stands in 40 acres of gardens and 
parkland, which indude a trout stream. 
The house, restored by its present 
owners, has six reception rooms, eight 
bedrooms and three bathrooms, with 
outbuBdings and a staff cottage. 

Humberts Tetbury and London offices 
are asking £600.000. 

Tte fleeting weather in January and 
February has thrown up at least one 
interesting result for mar- 
ket, and it concerns the way in which 

There is a. diflference - . of opinion 
-between estate agents on flic effect on' 
house sales caused by the conditions, for 
while some report a busy start to the 
year, David Miichell, head of the- 
country house department of Dreweatts, 

which covers mainly' Berkshire and ■ 
Oxfordshire, says there was a severe fall- 
ofF m sales for country properties. 

IVjany people were naturally discour- 
aged from visiting properties, but the 
. arfncultles did not end there, he argues. 
“Mamr vendors of homes in the 
£1 00,000 plus bracket failed to maintain 
adequate heating in their houses during 
visiting hours, which is bound to affect 
yo ur pe rception of a property. First 
impressions are of paramount impor- 
tance in buying homes of any kind and 
particularly so in the higher-priced 
property marker.” 

During the cold weather, Dreweatts 
advised its clients who were selling 
country homes to keep the fires' burning 
and make the houses as warm and. 
welcoming as possible — a tactic which 
paid off,says MitchelL 

Dreweatts are now finding that the 
market is picking up, with considerable 
demand for country' henries over 
£150,000 from two different types of 
people: those who are moving out of 
London and wish to be in the country but 
wi thin commuting distance of the capi- 
tal, and those who are relocating their 
business to Newbury, Swindon and the 
M4 corridor. 

Jackson and Jackson, with offices in 
Hampshire, Dorset and the Isle ofWight, 

have had & better time in the cold 
weather, though they admit that their 
■sales have been more in the towns than 
in the country. Again the impressions 
created at first, look proved crucial, 
according to Paul Jackson. 

Surprised at how many people were 
looking at property during February, he 
explains that potential buyers took the 
view- that if in the terrible weather 
conditions the house they saw was warm 
and comfortable they would certainly 
like it in better weather. 

A countrywide view of the matter, in a 
survey tiy the Royal Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors, is that the weather 
foiled to chill the market, and that many 

‘Prices hardening above 
- the inflation rate* 

of The 205 agents consulted reported 
tbezr busiest start to a year in recent 

The survey also indicated signs that a 
sellers’ market is emerging particularly 
for first-time- buyer properties where 
demand is strong and supply short. 
Agents are reporting “hardening prices" 
in all regions, with price increases which 
are, if related to the annual rate; well 
above the general rate of inflation. 

John Thomas, RICS spokesman on 
the housing market, delivered a warning 
of increasing difficulties for home buyers 
as a result of the survey. “With cheaper 
mortgages on the horizon, and the spring 
season, in the air, prospective buyers are 
likely to find that the market becomes 
very competitive and more to the 
advantage of sellers during the next six 




iX'0>vr> * Ofi st t n s i jwwc ' 

Kingswood Court 



ii-jir r fl-jaiHi 

Knwnnji Exacts anejat woniftc cams) X HAfc 
^r<9rn 0WJ3D Awan]« Mngvnw Court ll’c 
oowaotfutfj despied homes e*ch bun 10 m mmou* 
a EUuu unyttn^sfygKinBuncortBfSgnuycr* 
honor of tg&t woodina 

Thee bnurY 5-Decnxxr ttunxttr norm **ri tso o* 
the ramie ftnma on'‘'«jcftMftCS.lrtenlyimflffrgmtM 
MZS.i5nu*s tram Hie centre or Lendm. most, 
W"qg*eBdpe» B)igw«Bil«aiar t i>totnMnopitwB 
mapr aoixhts 

DetiriapnM anti mowhOnlO epm I twtttnii daly 
attain Wtonetdeyo. ipnm ■> ■■<«( of Q0IU00L 
*cr deads e»«*ct 

SUOS 26 Oupsuad Station PmaeChSHtwd Swrey 
TU. [07375)52251 

Badlands Mead 


dMkpnMt ov ftMtinq Efims 
12 uunpus fug Krao 3 bedroom 
epenmenK. sent the* own 


JS?S HKSir- 

tredtura Prenfram £145009 TEL' RUI5LIP 33344 

Eden bridge House at Edenbridge, Kent, is a fine Grade II 
listed house dating from about 1520, with later additions, 
al which was originally a cottage occupied reputedly by the for* ' 
'* ester to Hever Castle. More recent dfadngnished guests at 
the house, whkA is set in 12 acres of grounds, incbide die film 
Star Ginger Rogers. The boose has four rec^tdomooms, two 

bedroom suites and three further bedrooms, and a staff flat 
reached by a separate staircase. Next to the bouse is a de- 
tached stuff cottage, with further outbnUdings, and in the 
grounds is a converted oa& house which has been folly mod- 
ernized and provides accommodation as a studio or guest 
flat. Knight Frank & Rntley is seeking £550,000 


In purpose built ponered block, 
well furnished, modern 2 bed- 
room flaw, close to Tottenham 
Court Road. Rents from £175^ 
£230 per week. 

HydePark Office 01-262 5660. 

• Wide range ol quality furnished 
and unfurnished property 
» Full Management Service 


v! -K K > I 1> K \ T I * I.—’* - ' 

Barbican EC1 

Elegant, newly decorated flat in 
weff maintained p/b block. Ideal 
for access to City or West End- 2 
dbte beds, recep with dining 
area, bathrm., dkrm., kit. Balco- 
ny. U'gmd. garage. Available 3 
months plus. 

Hyde PM Office: 01-262 5060 

**■ *. :rt 


jg ^OI-629 6604^ 

Ji Hampton & Sons 

Beaciou* B»H tnon * a y for- 
ntshed m n oat close to eB 

Dtfla new SAOO pm. 

01-581 7646 


AW an C-Rabetwd - Ming 

agents sptcuiWngtn mpcA 

mxleMHl BWMfWi " 
North. Nonn wen and Cen- 
tral London ragtag Own 
£120 pw to JCIOOO pw. 

We otter a tony to rowsarun- 
stir service lo Dorn Hndtora 

AWfcwSnetaM »«» "y 

“°8 oasroar 


AIBMthc Mbk treatae 

6 Arlington Street, London SWlA 1RB 


VtStintS LONDON7 AM Bates 
ft Co have a large setccthm ar 
flats and bouses Available for 1 
week + train CUSOiiw. *99 

KLSRAVU SW1 pretty garden 
flat in «xc*fl«a location. 1 bed. 
recep. wnoH bH. bath, garden 
flfiOpM. Coates 01-828 B25I 

neuMv run h bwc o 
PK k and rttooae frotn i/5 flar 
bowu central London, immem 
amr.WMsn r aB ont W 986-2412. 

man (UftftCV DeL 4 beds. S 
. barlw2 recep. aue gge. CM. 
£175 P-M. Tel 01-043 2883. 


Bacnwdn Pxrk and 
Harrads. BaaufiiAy nteti- 
or dBSignfld tuxwy 2 
baton ft«t Nauriy rata- 
btttied wid> anti ng mi, 
dining rro, Ut, IwUa in. 
cflotn. patio gdn.£295fW- 

01 486 5991 

Cbumiflg sunny 2 bedroom. 
2 baihroora 2nd- floor flat 
svhb roof lenact Oeriooks 
gardens. Converocrafy 

Masfbe seen, £350 p w 

RhV 01 075 1004 

eauon cm™. Lux refur - 
Mailed S bedroom hae. through 
lounge, bathroona. shower 
mm. garage, nr tube. Avail 
new. Co Let.. £376 p.w. Tel Ol- 
468 6161 or 01-408 2484. 

WESTON. HURTS. « bed del Me 
At PTtOy »8«r Only 45 mins 
Kings Cross. Weil f u rnished. 
CM- mature gdns. £600 pcm. 
Co or fandty let only. Phone 
0462 794S6 eve*. 

F.WAVf (ManacaneM Services) 
Ltd regal re pro p erties In eraim 
south and west London area* 
for waituig asMttant&Ol-m- 

H A HMT DIB Elegant ft sm 
spacious flat In ounnon Block- 
Lux UL 2 beds, ige ree. un. 
porter. £900 PW NBUUd WU- 
•on 4 CD. 794 H41.‘ 

ft owcuBva urgently strt 
quality proowties la all central 
<WeO London am For aaea- 
lion please rtng 01-938 3426. 

LUXORY WEST DO Ratio let. 
Masifair. Victoria and Martrte 
Aren. Contact Richard 

■Hemertngton or Ddla Edwards 

A HwntofM tefc 6296700. 

N9 B ;T1 rd ^ HTu iTiTTTT:^ A l » <757 f? H 

A spacious Period Home of great character and charm, in an attractive village setting 
and conveniently located for access to commuter services. 4 Reception Rooms, 
Kitchen. Utility Room/Convservatory. Cloakroom, 6 Bedrooms. 2 Bathrooms. 
Shower Room. Triple Garage block. Delightful Gardens with fine views extending in 
all to about 0.8 Acres. For Sale by Private Treaty. 

Mayfair Office Teh 01-499 4135 
or Oxford Office Tefc (0865) 2466! I 

Near Sherborne, Somerset/Dorset Bonier 

A small Country Estate totally secluded and peacefully situated in the heart of the 
beautiful Blackmore Vale. 18th Century House with 4 Reception Rooms. S Bed- 
rooms. 3 Bathrooms. Separate Cottage with 2 Reception Rooms and 3 Bedrooms. 
Fine Mature Gardens. Excellent range of Traditional Outbuildings. Pasture and 
Woodland. About 44 Acres. 

Joint Agents: Ctuttons Wells Office Teh 90749) 78012 
and Palmer Snell Sherborne Tie: (0933) 812218 

Northmoor, Oxfordshire 

room. Full Oil CH. Double Garage. Substantial Outbuilding. Attractive Gardens 
and Grounds of about (L27 Acre. Freehold. Offers invited in the region of £125,000. 
Oxford Office Tek (0863) 24661 1 

127 Mount Street, Mayfair, London W1Y 5HA, Telephone 01-4994155 
Aho jo London — WesnnmBer.KmsmKI'OT.Chtfcea. Arundel. Buh. Cdraerbun'. EAnbwrgh, 
HifTopte.Oiisrd. V’ellv, Bahrain, Duhai. Kuwait, Shioah. * 



Artchltect designed homes to leisure Inspired second home and rettremenl community 
village with almost one mBe of waterfrontage in an area of outstanding natural beauty. 
Each luxury home wm have extensive views or Harwich Haven, the River Orwell and 
Uw Stour, and residents wm have direct access lo the already available large indoor 
healed swimming pooL tennis courts, badminton, and squash Mas sea ashing from out 
awn pier. There are restaurants, licensed bars and club premises and ft new 35® berth 
marina wffl provide a major oew attraction when It opens In 1987. AD boat owning 
residents will receive priority when berths. are being allocated. Future on-sUe faci l ities 
are to include a health cadre and nursing home. Regular passenger ferry services to 
nearby Harwich and Felixstowe, with freguad bus sendee to Ipswich. 



Eogriries please me Anglo Enrepean Properties Lad. 1 Eapfae Hook, 175 PfctadBy, London 
WTV 9DB. Telephone 0I-4H 5941 (34 boon). 

Cosy terraced house 3 ranutes 
horn ary centre, set n a quet 
Mnue. tMig mom. Melon. I 
bedroom, bathroom. CH. Off 
street paring ideal lor couple. 

Freehold £20,000 ono 
Phone 0001 740013 

HE CH MURE 12m MancMr dm 
airport an Oo rtf — style 3 Bed 
hse gar Jttr gdtm „na greenhsr. 
£55000 0626 876126 

Lane Fox & Partners 


Cirencester 7 miles. Cheltenham 16 macs. Attractive listed 
mainly Georgian house with views across Ihe River. 

5 Reception rooms. 5 bedrooms. 3 bathrooms. 3 secondary 

Heated swimming POOL 

Garaging, stabling, gardens and grounds. Large trout lake. 
183 yards frontage to River Coin with Ashing tights. 
About 4 acres. 

m hiss nogs, nous sneer, u uw u m hl w me m 




The only monthly national 
catalogue of CM aad His- 
toric Hones tor sale. 
Buying or selling contact 


SKCTJICUUH views n. Devon 
spacious family house with inte- 
grated granny flu or 
LnOeocndcnl let. Quality gar- 
dens £83000 07694378 evgs 

C e— r e nfc Cosy 2 bedrm fully 
mod Cottage. Gan chalet steeps 
2. £32ftOO ono. Tel 0326 

C o v ora ek Cosy 2 bednn fully 
mod Cottage. Gdn cfuuei s«nw 
2. £32-600 ono. Td 0326 

SUPER Flat-rural manston. Ige 
21X17. 2 bed. 2 bath, lux hit. 

grad fir. Pfe enl. age. 20 mins 
Exeter. Tei 0392 87 576S 



H a letn ere 3 mdes - A3 Wotm- 
way h mte. A new 5 bedroomed 
bungahm m ft of an acre. Ac- 
nim i iUtUtei ii o> 2^00 sq It to 
include 3 bathrooms, gs Irtd 
CH. sealed int double gtaong. 
dwhto garage. 

E20583L FtaataU. 
Agott- Pew taste ft Parims 


NR MVOeoMU, 6 rain 
M20. 26. Individual del'd house 
in *4 acre. 300 1 prhale drtve. 4 
beds. 2 baths. 2.3 recep. full 
CH. dbie gge. workshop. 
£130X100. 047486 2691 teiesl 
CVNSFORO Grade n luted ter 

characur cottage pnme podtton 

2 bed. bath. ML Inge, good road 
rail taka £62.000 TW 0322 

SOUTH B um oiia w . 

LUMnxTMAN. Fine rural 
Village lecanon. modern 5 
b e dr o om ed. 3 reception. 2 bath- 
room* family home with large 
kitchen- blast rm. Excellent 
decorative order, close to 
Gowbndge 'M4. Lucas and 
Madtey. Oowbrtdge Oflter: 
04463 4713. 

nEftCOM 8CACOKS National 
Park. Cosy 3 bed. Hone cottage, 
peaceful ty sflualed In umpoBI 
farmland. 3 acres, c o m pri s ing 
paddocks, woodland ft build 
Ings. Coirvewenl to small 
market town of TahHrtn. 
C6S.OCO. Tei; 0874 71 1826. 

BOWER. Holiday cdtatet ' bunga- 
low in pictumoue fishing 
image overlooking bay. Mksu 
lor houoay breaks or hicranve 
letting 0792 894377. 


mole luxury house. 6 beds. 5 
bains (2 en suite i. ruUy fitted 
oak kitchen. 3 recep 20 acres, 
(tabling and aotbuOtUngs. hnU- 
ed swBnmtofl pool, tennis court 
.Could easily be divided FHhmg 
available. l“i noun West End. 
12 miles Swindon. Offers 
around £200.000. 067286- 

VALE OF WHITE Hone. Hand- 
some 18th Century listed 
farmhouse Unspoilt views. 
Swindon 8 (Paddington under - 
Uie-houri 4 ree. S beds. Ch. 
many outbuildings (possible an- 
nexei garagmii a loose boxes, 
garden, oaadoev Tv acres. 
E22S.OOO reo«oti. Ureweatts 
(Country House Departmrnn 
106361 38393 

OXFORD'S beet riverside pad 7 
Around £49.990. Michael 
Spencer FR ICS. Phone now 
(08651 613926 

FOR COUteTmr PROPCxm in 
Ox f ordshire see Stacks under 


COUNTRY HOUSE. Superb sel- 
ling 45 Minute, Edinburgh. 
IM4CV 5 Bedfe. 10 Acres. Tennis 
Courts, paddocks and wood- 
land. Offers £140.000. Tel 
0577 63276. 

■EHTHfHnE: Luxury spilt level 
modern house, spectacular 
views Loch Earn, offers over 
£74-500 Tel: 0738 36064. 


HELH5LEY N. York Moors Nai 
Park Spacious shme ouUt peil- 
od house. CH. 4 bds^ 1 douMeft 
singles) Close lo all ammonifies 
parking- Meal for holiday or 
York commuter £60.000. Tel 
0904 4219AS evenings 


BREACON/QOWm Nal Pk 215 

acres * cSOO MB. Mod 1832 4 
bed hie Sheep cailte pontes 
trout Subsidies. Management 
C £220.000 0372 377011. 


LONOnELD. KENT. Attractive, 
soactous. Victorian 4 bed house. 
Eumped and furnished Lo mgh 
• standard sei In Vi acre. Rent 
£550 oem includes Rates. Gard- 
ner & Cleaner. Home from 
Home. 047482 2186 





BAJBCMOC W— 1 rnnw. Unco- 
tv BkxK. 9 Bedrm fully 
ftmusned f or ML Garage. 

• Commons Edge. £700-00 JjL 
Tel 01 879 1082 or 01 7B6 

£200pw uiorniany, £3SW. bv- 
trrdAle value. HWt catlbra 1 
bed serwrao flat tv.- Ayicaord 
ft 06 331 2383. 


avail- -ft- MAO. «r digfonun. 

executives Long A short te» in 
aU areas. Uamnd ft Op- M. 

wi. oi J» fiss*- 

LONQ/ SHOUT LETS Setechon of 
lux prog enies In central a«*s 
from £200 pw. BerkMay Estates 
01 MS 8959. 

naL 6 months ml Swtte Cot 
tans Ten mtoutea west End 
XI 65 pw. Tel: 451 0129. 
1.2.5 & A bed flm. Long/short 
• lets. Best prices. W. T. P. 935 

duplex with stunning views 2. 
iflilc bedims. Fum to very nnh 
bandar CL £360 pw.957 9681. 
HW11 prof r lor tunumed single 
room, use of kitchen. CH and 
hot water. £41 pw inclusive. 
Deposit. Tel: Ot 937 3000 
NW3 unfurii mod p/b flat. Bed. 
recep*. fitted k ft b. Can CH. 1 
year ptas. £ 95 pw cwcL co let 
Olllons 482 2277. 

S1AAME AVE SW1 2nd floor 
flat. 2 bens. map. k 4fld b. w 
mach. Avail now. Lone let. 
£175 pw. Maokcns 581 2216. 
nahed ltd. Lux Nock, 
pomraae. Laundry service. 
£140 pw. Tei Q1 462 5890 
4 room toW furmshed flaL 
About 6 ittotuu noaday ml 

£120 pw. 794 6437. 

SW 7 2 bed- 2nd II. furnished flat 
£ 19 Gpw no agents, bnmeduwk 
IP avaiUbte. Day 01-236 0201 
eves 01 573 7466, 


SMERMBTOM. 6 mins, central 

Milton Keynes. 17th c tofly 
renovated stoneconage. 3 beds. 
2 v-iUl en suite shower, plus 
separate bathroom, drawmg 
room, siting room, dining room 
wtih French window* lo gar- 
am Lux. fitua oak kitchen, 
exposed stonework and beam*, 
full! gas central heatin g, sepa - 
raie show garage, goriten. 
£79.000. 023065- B65/5S6. 

5 T OM E BARN cofH'n. nr Jn. 14. 

.Ml HaU. 2 rec. Wl Ad.'bed. 2 
barn*. GCH. Lpeo-nse. d.grge. 
enc gdn. £96.000. Newport 
PogneU <09081 616935. 



centre Sals have km been iBcocnucd as dw ben 
fhc-Whn House" aavatds fix uttS. 

oar unique aty- 
devdopnau by 

kitriim hnan tailiiuoms wnb ussemainr ulint and Amoco UooraR rbc 
nuemficem mc8o« done bgiUmi a »« aaidP ddi*mftU tnadscaprd eoun- 
vtrd» providing ddrthifis! amnundings. mtboui the dradgery of 
nmuiDiag ten, Viewing is enema) loan apprecaiMn of Ibe quality we 


Brochure from; 


Sales Office. I N onhanger Court- Grove Street. 

Bath B« OPE 

Tel: EBl (6225) 69487 ar 68606 


NXORMWALL. NrPadsiow. Part 
17 C detached cottage of great 
character m own acre meadow 
on peaceful/ farmland wnn 
magnificent views to sea. HalL 
living rm wuh open Arc place, 
dirung rm. vitfbiasr rm. baUi 
rm. 5 OM batons Goroeous 
settings near beach and shell 
drive Trevaee G£L £76.000 
may be sou lunusned view 
appl. aver Caster or other oi- 
994 3875 les eo 

UWQllC OFFER Hun ft YaehL 

Rue rude siluaaan CH. 3 bed. 
sun balcony. unrtvaWJ views, 
defigrurui village near Ptym- 
oulh Mooring A 52* sloop. 
£64.950 Details 01-943 3795. 

Devon. o« iron nai, Eww 2 

miles. 2 bedrooms, lane, river 
views. Large eontmurul gar- 
den, Garage. £39500 

S DEVON VkjeSVl Torquay View 
N.T. indn mod characMf dal. 6 
bed- 2 B. nuay. wm. l. dr. k. 
aga elk CH wosiahap Dbl Car 
waited gdn « 1 5ff 06047 2119 


A LD g BU KCH Charming period 
cottage near shops and 
Beamed sitting rm. dote bedrm. 
mad uichen ft baoirm. second 
bedrm and 2 nd WC across 
small court ya rd Cndixuno car- 
rels. curtains, cooker, fridge- 
healers, framed poese w ioo 
£48500 Tel 072 885 2568. 


1 *. ifr 




STACKS ft CO. CompeUtten far 
country prfflwrty will be hoi 
tins year Our profc-uwaal hrtp 
w|U make your search cheaper 
easier ft more productive In 
CMS. Wilts. At on, W. Berks, 
Oxofi ft N, Hams. KemUe 
Farm. Mtnely. Wilis SNI69HP. 
0566 860525. 

is n 
It t 























,21 -' s gasa jaeay fifti.r.>w** 








March 18: The Queen held an 
investiture at Buckingham Pal- 
ace this morning. 

Mr Stephen Egerton was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen and kissed hands upon 
his appointment as Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 

Mrs Egerton had the honour 
ofbeing received by The Queen. 

The Right Hon Margaret 
Thatcher, MP, (Prime Minister 
and Fust Lord of the Treasury) 
had an audience of Her Majesty 

this evening. 

The Duke of Edinburgh this 
evening attended the 400th 
Anniversary Dinner of the 
Company of Watermen and 
Lightermen at Fishmongers' 
Hall, London, EC4. 

Major the Hon Andrew 
Wjgram was in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, visited the Fourways 
Assessment Centre, Tyldesley, 
Wigan, this morning. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by Her Majesty's Lord- 
Lieutenant for Greater 
Manchester (Sir William Down- 
ward) and the Mayor of Wigan 
(Councillor G. Lockett). 

’ In the afternoon The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips, 
opened and toured Osborne 
Court. Wigan Road. Atherton. 

Afterwards. Her Royal High- 
ness opened the new develop! 
ment of Stuart Edgar Limited on 
the South Lancashire Industrial 
Estate at Ashton-in-Makeriield. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, attended by the Hon 
Mrs Legge-Bourke. travelled in 
an aircraft of The Queen's 

March 18: Ruth Lady Fermoy 
has succeeded Lady Angela 
Oswald as Lady-in-Waiting to 
Queen Elizabeth The Queen 

March 18: The Prince of Wales 
this morning visited HMS 
Resolution (Commander Mi- 
chael J. Syme, RN) at the Clyde 
Submarine Base on ber return 
from patrol. 

His Royal Highness toured 
the submarine and met mem 
ben of the Ship's Company. 

The Prince of Wales, Presi- 
dent. Scottish Business in the 
Community, this afternoon vis- 
ited the office of Ardrossan- 
Saltcoats-Stevenslon Enterprise 
Trust at 21 Green Street. 
Saltcoats. Ayrshire, and later 
visited the Ardrossan Business 
Centre, 66-80 Glasgow Street, 

In the evening His Ro 
Highness, Patron. British Him 
Year, attended a Royal Scottish 
Film Performance of “The Girl 
in the Picture" in aid of the 
Scottish Cinematograph Trade 
Benevolent Fund at toe Odeon 
Film Centre, Glasgow. 

His Royal Highness later left 
Glasgow Centra] Station in the 
Royal Train for London. 

Richard Aylard. RN, was in 


The Duke of Kent. Grand 
Master of the United Grand 
Lodge of England, today at- 
tended the Board of General 
Purposes’ Annual Lunch at 
Freemason's HalL 

Sir Richard Buckley was in 

A memorial service for Sid 
Chaplin will be held on April 4. 
at 7 pm. in Durham Cathedral. 
All are welcome. 


Cornhill Club 

Sir Kenneth Berrill. chairman. 
Securities and Investment 
Board, was the guest of honour 
and principal speaker at the 
annua! dinner of the Cornhill 
Club held at the Connaught 
Rooms last night. Mr A.W. Bud 
was in the chair and other 
speakers were Mr Eric Glover 
and Mrs S.E. Townend. 

guest at a dinner held at the 
Carlton Gub last night for 
members of the St George 
Dining Gub and their guests. 
Mrs Robert Brum, Vice-Presi- 
dent of the Chipping Barnet 
Conservative Association, was 
in the chair and Mr Sydney 

presen t_ 

MP, was also 

General Dental Council 
General Sir Hugh Beach deliv- 
ered the Wilfred Fish Memorial 
Lecture entitled “Professions. 
Politics and Parkinson's Law" 
to the General Dental Council 
yesterday. Sir Frank Lawton, 
president, afterwards enter- 
tained General Sir Hugh and 
Lady Beach at dinner. 

St George Dining Gub 
Mrs Lynda Chalker. Minister of 
State. Foreign and Common- 
wealth Office, was the principal 

Birthdays today 

Lady Georgina Coleridge, 70; 
Professor Ronald Girdwood. 69; 
the Right Rev A.R.M. Gordon. 
59; Mr B. Hildrew, 66; Sir David 
Lumsden, 58; Mr Patrick 
McGoohan. 58; Miss Elizabeth 
Maconchy. 79: Sir Peter Mase- 
field. 72: Mr Philip Mason. 80; 
the Earl of Morton. 59; Lieuten- 
ant-General Sir Alan Reay, 61; 
Sir Kenneth Robinson. 75; Sir 
Leonard Scopes, 74; Dr Kossy 
Strauss. 81; Mr Richard Wil- 
liams. 53; Mr Norman Yardley, 

Felsted School 

Entrance Scholarship Awards, 

The following awards have been 

Academic Scholarships. P.P.S. 
Mandate 1 1 Alleyn Courti, AJ.L. Martin 
(Fettted Preparatory School). ND. 
Whyte (Edge Grovel. CD. Everttl 
(Fetorw Preparatory School). N. 
Dunham (Aikyi* Court). «u, Crisp 
(Alleyn Court). J.K. March 
(Heaihiuounl). J-D. Reader 
(Tavertiam Haflv 

Lord Butter Scholarship; A. Howard 
(Hedthgnani School). _ 
Counauld Scholarship for q« K s : 
N.D. Whyte (Edge Grove). 

Art Scholarship* 1 . S. Muons OPelsted 

Preparatory School i. 
(Fefefed Preparatory^ 

Music ScnoiarsMpE T. Rhodes CSr, 
John's. Cambridge). T.H. Hamilton 
(Felsted Prepar ato ry School). A. PhH- 
UM CFewed Preparatory School). 
Jp.Q. Harrison (Hotmwood House). 
Cuthbert Heath Bursaries: C. Staveiey 
(Glebe House). MJ. Crap , CAfleyn 

Moira House 

As a result of the examination 
on February 1. 1986. we are 
pleased to announce the award 

of the Ingham Scholarships for 



Sarah Applewhite (Moira .Horae). 
Senior Ingham SchoJarshljw. dalre- 
Loulse Schouefcl IC op l ho rne Prepara- 
tory school*. Tairato scrutton (Moira 
House Junior School). 

pne (St 

Tower* School i. Nicola 
Andrew's School). _ 

Senior Ingham Music Scholarship; 
Joyce Li (Moira Housel. 

Sixth Form Scholarship: 

Squtrv (Moira Horae). 

Oakham School 

Oakham School Scholarships 

i 6+: The Kawail Scholarship: 
Ractmei Nye (Manor Htah School. 
Crosby. Liverpool) The Henri 
Glasburg Scholarship; Lydia Tyler 
(Oakham School). Jerwood Bu rsary 
Rebecca Jones (Leicester HJgh School. 
Leicester). A.F. Foreman physics 
Scholarship: Henry Bettimon tQaK- 

School). Jerwood Foundation Ex- 

School. London). = 

ster SchooL Southwed. Nottingham- 
shire). Lortcn Holland (Haberdasher 
Ashe's School. London). Christopher 
Natty. Michael Wygard. Sarah 
Heckets lOaXham School). Academic 
Bursary; Damian Bun (Beauchamp 
College. Leicester). 

Jerwood Foundation Scholarship; 

eh el Armltage (Ktogsmead School. 
Hoytake. wirraJ). Oakham Srtvdar- 
ships; James Asttti and Samir 

Khandhadla iStoneygale School. 

Leicester). Academic Burrary: Mat- 
thew AstW CSloneygale SchooL Ldces- 

M+: Rutland Scholarship: Richard 

Fairnursi i Oakham School). Jerwood 

Exhibitions- Rachel Everett (Oresceni 
School. Rugby). Samantha Hale cst 

Mary* Preparatory School. Lincoln). 
Simon Glover (Oakham 

School). Ex- 

iiibi-.i-^^o^me^ ^.i 1 aarfdteswpTtrt 

HalL Dtn. Norfolk). 

Art Exhibition. Celia Hanersiey 
(Gulls borough County School. 
Oull shore ugh. Northamptonshire). 
Honorary Exhonuoa: Julian Great 
(Oakham School •. 

Music. Scholarships (iS+k Joanna 
Pieters (Minster School. 

South wen. Nottinghamshire). (13+): 

tes (Townsend Church of 

™ **7: 

ML Kent). 

Peter Coales 

England School. SI Alban's). Sarah 
Thain lArdrosean Academy — 
shire). Samantha Vale . - 
Middle School LonoDeW. 
ill»: James Clark (Palace Wood 
county Primary. Maidstone. Kent). 
Sarah Samom (Dorrtdge Junior 
School. SoiUiuOL 

Exhibitions: il6+L Julia Young (Oak- 
ham school. (1J+): TaMiha Maguire 
hoof. Cam- 

(King's college Choir School. 

bridge). Tlfanny Richards (Queen 
Mary's SchooLThlrsk. Yorkshire). 
Honorary Scholarships: (16+t Paul 

Joseph .and Joanna Gay (Oakham 


Honorary Exhibition: (I3-*->: Rachel 
Auty (Oakham School). 


Mr MP. Goodhart 
and Miss P-M. Jennings 
The engagement is announced 
between MichaeL sou of Dr and 
Mrs C.B. Goodhart.- of 
Grantcbester, Cambridge, and 
Pippa, elder daughter of- Sir 

Robert and Lady Jennings, of 
Grantchester, Cambridge. 

Mr D.G. Brakes 
aid Miss J.M. Price 
The engagement is announced 
between Daniel, eldest son of 
Mr and Mis G.M. Emkes, of 
Chipstcad, Surrey, and Jac- 
queline, second daughter of Mr 
and Mrs D_S_ Price, presently at 
the British Embassy, Warsaw. 

Mr BG. Bell 
and Mbs VA. Walker 
The engagement is announced 
between Brian, son of Mr Kevin 
Bdl, of Loxwood, Sussex, and 
Mrs Connie Bell, of Hadlow, 
Kent, and Valerie, eldest daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs Victor 
Walker, of Hildenborough, 

quit Miss CE. 

The engagement is arinounoed 
between Ntgd, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs C.G. Burgess, of The 
Grove. Great HorkesJey. Essex, 
and Clarissa, elder daughter of 
Major and Mis LB. Ramsden, of 
Cosheston Hall, Pembroke 
Dock, Dyfed. 

and Miss FJE. Shamtu 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of the 
late Mr and Mrs WJH. Garey, of 
Bedford, and Fay. daughter of 
Mr -T.H. Sbannan, GM, of 
Rockboume, Hampshire, and 
Mrs Honor Speedy, of Little 
Haven, Pembrokeshire. 

Captain P-S. Jacowb. RTR 
and Miss DG. Exelby 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL younger son of 
Mr and Mrs A.W. Jacomh, of 
Winchester, and Diana, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis KLA. Exelby, 
of Newbury. 

Mr A-P. Chapman 
and Miss MJL Taylor 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Paul, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs G. Chap- 
man. of Canterbury, and . Me- 

lissa Jane, younger daughter of 

Taylor, of 

Mr and Mis 

Mr A.CiriHo 
and Miss P.M. Hitchen 
The engagement is announced 
between Antonina, son of Mr 
and Mrs S. Cirillo, ofFrosinone, 
Italy, and Philippa Moira, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mis J.M. 
Hitchen, of EweU, Surrey. . 

Captxia A-CS- Macpbersofi 

and Miss VJL MacRae 
The engagement is announced 
between Angus Cameron Stew- 
art Macpheraon, Scots Guards, 
elder son of Colonel and Mrs 
Tommy Macpherson, of 
Balavil, Kingussie. Inverness- 
shire, anH Valerie Anne, daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mis John 
MacRae, of Nairwide House, 

Mr D.F.G. Stott 

aad Miss GJVL Roberts 

The engagement is announced 

Mr C.EJVI. Clark 
and Mile P. Lamoor 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles Edward 

Mclan. son of Mr and Mrs ET. - M • 

Clark, of Colchester. Essex, and iVlftlTlHge 
Pascaie, daughter of M and 
Mine Michel Lamour, of Paris. 

between Duncan, younger son 
of Mr and Mrs F. Campbell 
Stott, of Gerrards Cross, 
Buckinghamshire, and Gillian, 
second daughter of Dr and Mrs. 
A.B. Roberts, of Chalfont Si 
Giles, B HPlringhawiahir e. 

Mr E.C. Corbett 
and Miss BJ. Sloaae Stanley 
The engagement is announced 
between Edward, son of Mr and 
Mrs George Corbett, of Lyall 
Mews. London. SWI. and Jane, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs Gerald 
Sloane Stanley, of Church 
Knowle, Dorset. 

Mr RJ.C. Elwes 
and Miss SJVLA. Goodman 
The enga^rment is announced 
between Richard, son of Mr and 
Mrs Robert Elwes, of West 
Stoke House. Chichester, and 
Selina, daughter of Mr Adrian 
M. Goodman and Mrs Gabriel 
M. Goodman. 

The Rev N. Hffl 
and the Hon V. Crass 
The marriage took {dace in 
London on Saturday, Febru- 
ary 22, at All Saints, 
Ennismore Gardens, of the 
Rev Norman Hill, son of the 
late Mr Charles Hill and the 
late Mrs Hill, of Sheffield, and 
the Hon Venetia Cross, 
daughter of Viscount Cross, of 
Itchenor, Sussex, and of Mrs 
G. Culme-Seymour, of 
Cartmel, Cumbria. A recep- 
tion was held the Royal Over- 
seas League and the 
honeymoon is being spent 


Latest appointments indude: 
Mr John Dole, to be Controller 
of Her Majesty's Stationery 
Office in succession to Mr 
William Sharp- 

Professor William Duncan 
Peterson Stewart Professor 
ZangwiU Aubrey SDberston and 
Mr John Raisntan, to be mem- 
bers of the Royal Commission 
on Environmental Pollution in 
succession to Professor Gordon 
Elliott Fogg, Professor Chris- 

topher Blake and Mr Albert 

Mr Graham C Greene ro be 
Chairman of the Great Britain- 
China Centre, in succession to 
Sir Denis Hamilton. 


GnOd of Freemen of die City of 

The Guild of Freemen of the 
City of London held a reception 
at Carpenters' Hall last night. 
The Master, Deputy Bernard L. 
Morgan, presided . 


First Vice-Chancellor of Sussex University 

Lord Fulton, who influ- 
enced university and public 
affairs at several significant 
points in a long and active 
career, died at his home in 
North Yo rkshir e on March 14. 
He was 83. ... 

The youngest son of Princi- 
pal AJR. Fulton, of Dundee, 
John Scott Fulton was bom on 
May 27, 1902. He was edit- 
ed at Dim dee High SchooL Si 
Andrews University and 
Baliiol College, Oxford 

He took Greats in 1926 ana 
was a lecturer for a couple of 
wars at the London Sdiool of 
Economics and . Political Sci- 
ence before returning to 
Baliiol as a fellow and tutor in 
philosophy, including politi- 
cal theory. He began immedi- 
ately to concentrate on the 
teaching of politics, and in 
1935 his title was dunged and 
be became fellow and tutor in 

He was Principal of the 
University CoDege of Swansea 
from 1947-59, and Vice-Chan- 
cellor of -the University of 
Wales from 1952-54 and 

Between Bafliol and Swan- 
sea, Fulton, bad been a tempo- 
rary civil servant in toe 
Ministry of Fuel, dealing with 
the affairs of the coal industry. 

He had in his department, 
as an economist and statisti- 
cian, Mr Harold Wilson, who, 
with Fulton's support and 
encouragement, achieved 
some impressive reforms in 
statistical work. 

The most creative fart of 
Fulton’s career began with.his 
appointment as the first Vice- 
Chancellor of the University 
of Sussex in 1959. Until then, 
new universities had started 
on a small scale, with slender 
resources and sluggish growth. 

Fulton's idea was Thai, giv- 
en the financial support that 
was then forthcoming from 
the state, such cautious poli-_ 
des were wrong. What was 
needed, he believed, was a 

vt-. r 

period of 
This idea 

many conse- 

quencesu Old administrative 
barriers between subjects had 
to be broken down; the design 
and construction of buildings 
had to be dose fast; die ideals 
of the uni verity had to be 
quickly established and made 
known; above all, perhaps, the 
enthusiasm and loyalty of a 
new faculty bad to be kindled 
and retained. 

All this emailed unusual 
powers of vision, administra- 
tion. leadership and dicer 
hard work from the vice- 
chancellor; powers .winch, 
during the ensuing six years, 
Fulton proved he possessed in 
abundance. Hie worked un- 
sparingly to help cany the new 
university through all its 
teething troubles. 

While at Sussex, Fulton was 
also active in many other 
fields. He was a governor and 
vice-chairman of the BBC 
and he was a member, and 
then chairman, of the Univer- 
sity Council for Higher Educa- ‘ 
tion ; Overseas, in which 
capacities he greatly contrib- 
uted to the development of the 
Royal University of Maha 
and the new University of 
Hong Kong. . 

He also was primarily re- 
sponsible for bringing, UCCA 
into existence in the face jrf 
many doubts and difficulties; 
arid betook on thechajnnaii- . 
ship' of the Departmental 
Committee on Tbe Civil Ser- 

vtcc < 1966 - 68 ) when , his bur- 
den- - Of . . university 
administration was at its 
height- .. „ 

Fuiton s chairmanship of 
the committee, to whose re- 
port he gave his name, was 
not, however, the crowning 
achievement to a long Career 
that it might have been. He 
had the opportunity of writing 
the twentieth century equiva- 
lent of the Nortbcoie-TreyeF 
van report of 1853- "w hich 
inspired a lasting reform. 

The Fulton Report; which 
was instantly accepted by the 
Prime Minister (Mr 'Harold 
Wilson), called for . a more 
professional Qvjl Service, 
equipped with-modernjnana- 

gerial skills, whose upper 
teaches wottid be more open 
to talent drawn from both the 
lower ranks of jhe public 
service and from outside. 

But it was a thin, superficial 
prescription, in keepiog with 
the fashionable reforming tal- 
ents of the 1960s and failed to 
remodel Whitehall, to 

document left mstita- 
tional landmarks m the shape 
of a new Civil Service Depart- 
ment, to . handle -pay- and 
improved personnel- manage- 
ment, and a Civil Service 
College- Bat nehhH lived up 
to the hopes investedin them 

and wiliin afrW mrttrtfos fainf 

under increasing . critictsm 
from both inside and outside 
Whitehall# : • 

Yet however active he was 
in tlm nation's affairs, Fulton 
was never too busy for the 
smallest problems of ^his coL 
kagoes, and wbenberesigned 
from Sussex .in 1967 - a year 
early, in order to grt on ws^ 
other tasks - be fefr behind 
.him a university with an 
etiaHi^ied academic reputa- 
tion and more than 3.000 

’ He was knighted jn 1964 
and foadea Bfepeerin 1966. 
He mamed,-at 1939, Jaccfce- 
line ao4 ti>ey had three sons 
and one daughter. 


Mr Justice Skinner, a judge 
of the Queen's Bench Division 
of the High Court and the 
Senior Presiding Judge on the 
Midland and Oxford Circuit, 
died on March 15, aged 59. He 
came to prominence U years 
ago as prosecuting counsel in 
the Bir mingham bomb triaL 

He was appmnted a drant wfrkhr marts at Roehampron. 
judge in 1975, after being London, to bofeljudicial semi- 
Deputy Chairraan of the Nc»- nafs toepratimate and share 
tjngharn«Jrir p Quarts’ Ses^ - ejqjerience »d j^Krtice. He 
sons and Chairman of tile ~ r bad beeti succeeded *fltere by 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


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March tlth In New 

Jersey. USA to Peter and AItton (nfe 
Norman) a son. William John, 
br ot her for Adam. 

STMUNS On March 13th to Sarah 
(nee Welch) and John, a daughter 
Te ss a, a s ister for Holly. 

STOPFORD On March 16th. to 8ronny 
(nee MacDonald MUner) and Jeremy, 
a daughter. 

WACE On March 14th to Amanda and 
Rupert, a son. Timothy Augustus. 


My mercy will l keep for him for ever- 

more. and my covenant shall stand 
fast with him. 

Psalm 89. zb 


HULUtOn March 13th 1986. at Uni- 
versity College HostritaL London, to 
Susan 'nee Wiutaroa) and Ashok. a 
daughter. Ashley Susan. Greatful 
thanks to alt c o nce rn ed. 

CARTUDGE On 6Ui March at Newcas- 
tle. to Uz uiee White) and MlchaeL a 

on March 16 to Rnth (nte 
Bol land) and Patrick, a son. Matthew 

CATTELL On March 16th In Sydney 
Australia, to Lizzie and Adam, a son. 
CATTO On March 6th. to Uzzte Cn£e 
Baynes) and Alex, a son (Alastair 
Gordon), brother to Thomas. 
COCKE On March 16th. to Lucy tnte. 
AUdns) and Hugh, a daughter Anna 

COOL February 7th. at the wemngton 
Hospital, to his and Thomas, a 
daughter Gdhenne Anna, a sister to 

COUPE COSTLEY On 12th March In 
London, to Chris and Julian - a son. 
brother of Amelia. 

CURR - Edward John Alexander, 
brother of Hannah, born to Steve 
and Heather (nee Beovesi on March 

MMCXLCY - lo Sally (nee Fabhead) 
and Richard, on 14th March 1986. a 
son. Michael Anthony Richard, a 
brother for Rachel. 

EVANS to Scott and Liz (trie Seward) 
on llth Match, a daughter Philippa 

EX CELL on March 18th at the John 
Radcnffe Hospital. Oxford to Carolyn 
(nee Vlgers) and Richard a son James 
William, a brother for Robert 
GLOVER. To Stephen and Rachel on 
llth March, a daughter Holly 

MACFARLAME* to Malcolm and Pen- 
ny mfe Caryi an (he I6th March, a 
son. Jonathan David William, a 
brother for Sophie and James. 

MOD? on March 10th to Swan (nee 
Tort per) and Stephen, a daughter. Al- 
ice Rare, a sister for Victoria- 
PHILLIPS - On I6ih March to Jane 
i nee Foster) and Peter, a son Edward 

PLUMPTRE. On March 1-iUi 1986 to 
Alexandra and George; a son. 
ROBINSON on I7tn- March 1986. at 
URkc. San Antonio. Texas lo Linda 
inee Henderson; and David, a sou 
Janies CampoeU. a brother for Katie. 
R05SCLL - On 16th March at High 
Wycombe to Barbara and MlchaeL a 
son Nicholas lain 

Clifford Edwin on March 
16th. dearly loved husband of Joyce 
and much loved father of Lynda and 
June. Funeral Sendee at Hanworth 
Crematorium. Kanworth on Monday 
24U» March at 11.16am. Fhmfly 
(towers only please. Donations, tf 
wished, to Omphlll Village Trust 
The Grange. Newnbam. Gtos. 
■EVtS on March 16 after a short 1D- 
Itess. at Mayday Hospital. Croydon. 
Frank George Frederick, aged 73. 
much toved husband of Ludovlka. fa- 
ther of Annette. SVIvfa. Frank. 
Martina and Dominic, and grandfa- 
ther or Ama. Georgina and Patrick. 
Requiem Mass at St Maty’s RC 
Church. Wellesley Rd. Croydon- at 
10.00am on Tuesday 2Sih March, 
prior to cremation at Croydon Cre- 
matorium. Flowers to J-B. 
Shakespeare. 67 George SL Croy- 
don. Donations u desired to RAF 
Benevolent Fund. 

BRAZIL Alphonses Patrick. 2 Uarr 
Pentre. OW Colwyn. Peacefully and 
fortified by the Rights of Holy Moth- 
er Church, husband of Anna Mai 
Brazil. Loving father of Anna Mara 
Dunlop and grandfather to Grain ne. 
James. Sam and Agatha. Requiem. 
March 19th at St Joseph's. Colwyn 
Bay at 12 noon. Enquiries 0492 

BRamm On March 9th. p e acefully 
Elizabeth RacheL O.B.E-. loved 
mother of John Richard. 
CHICHESTER - On 16th March 1986 
peacefully in hospital following a 
short Utne-M. Winifred Alice We Wbv 
tont of Lyme Regis. Dorset Wife of 
Cedi Charles, mother of John and 
Katherine, grandmother of Louisa 
and Elizabeth. Funeral service wffl 
take place at SLMtchaeis Church. 
Lyme Regis, on Wednesday 19tfa 
March at 2-30 pm followed Oy- 
IntemmenL Inquiries to: A J Wakely 
& Sons. Lyme Regis 3836. 
CONNELL Suddenly, at fits daughters 
home m Warwick, on 16th March 
1986. The Rev. Canon Ernest Old- 
ham Connefl. dear husband of 
PhylHs and father of Otzabeth. 
Anne. Margaret and John. Manorial 
Service at 11.30am Friday. 21st 
March at St CulhberCs Episcopal 
Church. Colin ton. Edinburgh. 
FITZGERALD - On March 1601 
peacefully at EdenhaU Hampstead. 
Gwynaeth. widow of Joe and mother 

of the late BrlgU. after a long illness, 
borne with great courage. Requiem 
Mass at The Church of Our Most 
Holy Redeemer and SL Thomas 
More. Cheyne Row. on Friday 21st 
March at 2.00pm. Family flowera 

only, but donations, if desired, may 
be sent ro EdenhaU Marie Curie 
Home. 1 1 Lyndhurst Gardens. NW3 

FOWLKES On ttith March 1986. 
peacefully in uskeara Hospital. 
Edward aged 79. beloved husband of 
Marie and loving father of David. 
Mary and Bob and much loved 
grandfather. Funeral Service lo take 
place in Uie Church Of The Ascen- 
sion. Crownhlll. Plymouth l.*6pm 
Friday 2lst March. Followed by pri- 
vate cremation. 

FRENCH On Sunday March 16 th in Ms 
67th year, after a short Illness, borne 
with greatest courage. William 
Charles of Norihwood. Middlesex. 
Funeral Service at Holy Trinity. 
Norihwood at 2 -30pm on Friday 21 
March. Family flowers only please, 
donations to Cancer Research, to 
Doctor S. Dische. Mount Vernon 
Hospital. North wood. 

6LUBB - on 17th March 1986 
peacefully at his home in his 89m 
year after a long illness, 
courageously borne. LT Gen. Sir 
John Bagot Giubb K.C.B. C.M.G. 
D.S.O. O.B E. M.C i Giubb Pasha) 
beloved husband of Rosemary and 
father of Fans. NaoraL Mary and 
Ataliah and grandfather of Mubarak. 
Joanna. Matthew. Kay, Loots? and 
Sara and -brother of Mrs Gwenda 
Hawkes. Private funeral. Family 
flowers only. Donations lo Church of 
England Childrens Society. C/o Paul 
Bysouth Funeral Services. 9 Croft 
Road. Ctowborough. Sussex. 
Manorial service to be announced 

GOBLE . On 16th March 1986 
peacefully at home alter a long and 
brave light against cancer. Barb a ra 
Mary, greatly loved wife of Janes 
and mother of Timothy and 
Jonathan. Qeraatlon private. 
Thanksgtvtng sendee SL 
Bartholomew's. Baytan 3.00pn> 
Thur sday 27th March. 

GOLODETZ • an lath March 1986 at 
home Janina (Nina), wktow of the 
late Arnold Gotodetz. Requiem Mass 
at SI Joseph's R.C. Church. 
Roehampton Lane SWI 5 on Tues- 
day 25th March a 10 ajn. followed 
by Interment a Putney Vale Ceme- 
tery. Flowers may be sent to F.W. 
Paine. 29 Co om be Road. Kingston. 

HOLMES-BRM0 - Alice Georgina 
aged 91 on March 1 7th 1986 
peacefully tn The West Middlesex 
HospUaL widow of Cecil Hobnes- 
Brand A.CA. Mother of the late 
Rosalie Rette] and of Cynthia Tucker 
DO. M.R.O. Cronatton at The 
South West Middlesex Crematorium. 
Hanworth. an Monday March 
at 9.30am. No Bowers please, 
donations, tf desired, to Help The 
Aged . 

BBCY - On ism March 1986 Cdr 
Mkftael E. Unpey DAO. OS-C. and 
Bar ILN. Retired. Funeral Service at 
Holy Angels Church, umput on 
Tuesday 2Sth March at L2-15pm. 
Further enquiries to Mews. Funeral 
Directors. 6 Bournemouth Road. 
Parkstone. 0202 741169. 

LAMB • On March 16th peacefufiy at 
Win ton Nursing Home. PMhppa 
MabeL mother of Edward and 
Richard. Cremation Salisbury 
6.45pm. Friday 21st March. 

LEA- on March 16th. 1986. suddenly 
but peacefully at home. Donald 
MdUuridan of Knowle. west Mid- 
lands. H (Mbaud of the late Heather 
and father of Miranda, former senior 
partner of Hoare Lea A Partners. 
Funeral sendee at Lodge HID Crema- 
torium. Birmingham on Friday 
March 2 1st at lOana. No (towers, bur 
donations tor the R-N.LJ. may be 
sent to W H Scon & Sen. 426 Button 
Park Road. Birmingham B16 OLA 
CTet 021 658 8801). 

LEONARD STEPHEN. Of Leonard and 
Partners. On March 1 7th at Guys 
HospUaL age 62. Funeral at South 
London Cranatortum. Friday 21st 
March at 4.30pm. Flowers - A. 
Yeatman. 15 Rowan Rd. London 

LEWIS - On March 8Di suddenly tn 
Gibratter. Gordon Herbert Lewis 
(G.FLL.) husband of Daphne and la- 
ther of OPI tag and David- Service at 
SI John's Crematorium. Woking, al l 
pm. Friday March 2isL No flowers 
Mease but donations tf desired to 

McClelland on March isth 1986. 
peacefully tn his 79th year, tn King 
Edward The Ws Hospital for Offi- 
cers. after a long Alness, born with 
great co u r a ge. Captain James 
Whaley McOdiand DSO_ DB£_ 
Royal Navy. Service A Colchester 
CremaJorium on Tuesday 2Gth 
March at noon. Family flowers only, 
but donations, if desired, to King 
George V*s Fund For Sailors. 
MdMLUAM - On 14th March 
peacefully tn a Nursing Home at 
Wimbledon. Ethel Mildred mee Cote) 
aged 89. Wktow of Dr. EX 
Mewuuam and dearly loved mother 
of Maurice (Mac). Ian. Donald. 
Margaret Rogers and Ann Flower. 
Funeral Service at SL Mary's 
Church. Wi m bl e don, on Tuesday 
26th March at 3-iSpm. followed by 
private cremation. Family (lowers 
only. Donations, if desired, to The 
Alzheimer's Disease Society. Bank 
ButWlngs. Fulham Broadway. 
London SW6 1EP. 

MMCWN CapL Ronald John. R A_ of 
Soileau Road. Barnes, peacefully an 
15th March. 1986. father of Jotyon 
and Timothy. Burial 12J50 noon. 
Friday. 21st March, at Epsom Ceme- 
tery. Surrey. 

GHtUNtt - On March 12th Mary 
A M S_ widow of Lawrence, aged 
91. al St John's Home, peacefully af- 
ter a short Dbiess. Funeral at St 
John's Home 2.00pm Wednesday. 
19th March. No flowers please - do- 
nations if desired to SI John's Home. 
St Mary's Road. Oxford 0X4 1QE. 
MOY-TKOMAS peacefully at home, on 
March 16th. Joy. widow of James 
Allan i BUly >. dearly loved mother oT 
Niro and Jo no and darling granny to 
Susan. June. Lucv and Sally, and 
Ricltard and Caroline. Memorial Ser- 
vice 2.00pm Friday -Jih April. 
Donations to The CanlnerS BtMVO- 
l enf F und, or Bantardos 
OYTTTS Eleanor Emily Grace, on 
March 14th 1986. Widow of Ber- 
nard James Ovids. A dearly beloved 
mother and grandmother. Service at 

Si Anne's Parish Church. Lytham St 
Aimes, on Friday 2 1st. al 2.00pm. 
RATON - Ms Honor Harold WIHfcsra 
D.S.C- of Herombrook. Evantoo. 
Ross-shlre. on March 16 th at 
Invergorden County HDSrttaL Dear 
husband of Joan, father of Maty and 
step-father of Donald Funeral 

PLEASANCC - On March 140i 
suddenly in the United States. John 
Anthony dearly loved husband of 
Margaret and much loved and tovtng 
father of Judith & Michael Idled 
1974X Funeral Service at SL 
Aogustlne's Church. Thorpe Bay. 
Friday March 21st at 11.30 am. Fol- 
lowed by buriet at SL Margaret's 
Church. Downturn. Essex. Flowers 
to W. Thorp * Sons. 7B«3 Leigh 
HUL Leigh on Sea. Essex or dona- 
tions to the British Heart Foundation. 
Enquires please lo J.H. Kenyon 01- 

ROCK On 14th Match 1986 tn her 
sleep. Mabel AUce Mary, tn her 90tti 
year, widow or the Revoend George 
Rock, mother of Tfan and grand- 
mother of Victoria. Caspar and 
Orlando- Sendee 26th Match at St 
dements Church. Sandwich. 
4.30pm. Farafly Oowm only. 

ROD WELL On March 17th peacefully 
In her 96th year. Evelyn Monica 
Evereley. formerly of Broadway. 
Uminsier. beloved mother of violet 
and grandmother of Michael. Funer- 
al 12.30 March 24i*> at Taunton 
Deane Crematorium, do flowers. Do- 
nations are being received for 
Broadway Church Fabric Fund by 
Leonard c Smith. Funeral Directors. 

1 Haydon Road. Taunton. 

SMLLMG - On l«th March 1986. af- 
ter a long Illness bravety borne. 
Jennifer Ann. beloved wife of NetL 
Adored mother of Alexandra and 
rt atto tuer of Margaret and James 
Otendlnnlng. Sendee at St John's 
Church. Hyde Park Crescent W2 
Friday 2lst March 1986. 12 noon 
followed by private cremation. Fam- 
ily flowers only please but donations 
If des ired to Cancer Research. 
5MPSON On 10th March. Sammy 
Simpson, devoted steward to 
successive Masters of Btrbecfc College 
and for 35 years a friend lo Gover- 
nors. staff and students. 

SKMNBK On 16th March 1986. sud- 
denly In hospttaL Sir Henry Skinner 
(Hairy) of Leicester. Much loved fa- 
ther of Julia and Alison and 
grandfather of Rebecca and Zoe. will 
be weoBy missed. Funeral Service at 
The Cathedral Church of St Martin. 
Leicester, on Friday 21st March at 
12 noon, cremation foBowtng at 
Leicester Crematorium. No flowers 
please, but donations in lieu, may be 
sent for (he Samaritans. Leicester 
c/o Gums and Gutteridgs Ud. Fnner- 
al Directors of Leicester, tel 0633 

SffUMT»on March 17th 1986. aftera 
happy Hfe. aged 18 yearn. Catherine 
Amelia, beloved daughter of Diana 
and Simon of 4 Gordon Way. Barnet 
sister of Robert and Angela. Service 
at Chipping Barnet Parish Church on 
Monday March 24m at 2.30pm. 
Family flowers only please. Dona- 
Uous to Ward SO. Great Orraand $L 
Hospital. London, wet- 
ST. JOHNSTON On Monday 17th 
March, peacefully tn hospital. Eric, 
very dear husband of EUzabeBi. 
much loved father of Caroline. An- 
drew and Harriet and tovtng 
grandfather. Private funeral for fam- 
ily only on Friday 21st March. No 
flowers please, but donations to The 
Police Dependance Trust c/o Home 
Office. London SW1H 9AT. A 
Thantegh-taa Service will be an- 
nounced later. 

STEPHEN James Douglas, aji.i.ra.. 
aged 37. of WUUftew Way. nwii. 
Suddenly on March 10th tn 
Col umbo. Sri Lanka. Me mor ial Ser- 
vice Golden Green Crematorium. 
Hoop Lane. Monday 24th March al 
3.20pm. No Dowers by request of hts 
wife Leoote. son Christopher and 
daugther Vanessa, bid donations If 
desired io Royal Institute for the 
Blind. British Heart Foundation or 
wild Fowl Trust 

STUntAT On March 16Di 1986 peace- 
fully In hospital. Dr. Jeannte Stirrai 
aged 78 years, beloved wife of Alex, 
dearly loved and tovtng mother, 
grandmother, great grandmother 
and friend. Funeral service on Fri- 
day March 21st at 11.30am In a 
Ann's Parish Church. Alderney. A 
Service of Thanksgiving to be held tn 
Birmingham will be announced later. 
suddenly Bezly. adored husband of 
leme and darling father and fnem of 
Nina and Leonie. Service Thursday 
March 20th al SL Peter's Church 
Wesfb a mpnen Chichester at 2.30 
pm. Trains win hemd at QiKbeater 

station tv arrangement wBh the fu- 
neral director. AH Inquiries and 
flowers to Edward White A Son. 6 
South PaOanL Chichester. Tel 
10243) 782136. 

TWKACT On March 16th. peac ef ully In 
hospttaL Sean of Ihe Queen's Elm. 
beloved iuaband of Jan. Funsal 
Service at Putnor Vate -Crematori- 
um. Friday March Ztot at l-45**n 
All enquiries to JJL Kenyon Ltd. Ol 
937 0787. 

TURNBULL - on the 17th March at her 
home In Jedburgh, after a long Al- 
ness. born with great di g nit y and 
courage. Beatrice, betoved wife of 9lr 
Richard TurnbuH. sal dearly loved 
mother and (pandiDollier- Funeral 
on Friday. 21st March at 2J30pre at 
BednHe Church. Roxboroughxtdre. 
Family flowers only: donation s 
wished to the Heart D l we Research 
Trust Royal tnflnnary. Edinburgh. 
EH3 9YW. 

TYSON On March 17ft 1986. sudden- 
ly at home. Wlttam Reginald TOson 
O.ELE_ aged 84, sometime s General 

Area. A much loved bnteher and a 
dear friend. FUnoal Sendee Monday 
24th March. 3.18pm at St Andrew's 
Church. Bennett Road. Cremation 
following. No (lowers please. Any 
donations to The National Trust. En- 
quiries to Deric-Scott. Postman 
Lodge Funeral Home, Bournemouth 

VA8SALL - On March 14tb 1986. to 
her 96th year. Margaret Graeme, 
much loved sister, au 
aunt Funeral servto 
Church on Tuesday 18ft March at 
2.30pm. Flowers please to A.W. 
Waieriohns & Son FUnera] Directors. 
Clare Street North 
Bridge water. Somerset. 

VESEY- On March 15th. Janet Vesey. 
of Brockenhum and lately of 
Htndon. beloved sister. Aunt 
friend. Funeral Service at SL Ntotxv 
las Parish Church. BroekeUhtasL on 
Monday March 24ft. at 2.00pm. W 
lowed by private Gremattan. No 
flowed please, but tf desired, dona- 
tions to The Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution. Pome. 

VIRGO 17th MatlL Id a Harrogate 
Nursing Home. Efleen Oonshmre. 
wife of the late III. Col. Stanley Rob- 
er t Vir go. Funeral private. 

WAMEWflKUIT- On the. 17th March. 
George (Mickey) husband of Blanche, 
and father of Mary Katherine and 
Frances. Service at (he Parish 
Church of St. Mary's the Virgin, 
Wendover. cm Friday 2iet March at 
1 2- 15pm followed by cr ema tio n . No 
flowers by requesL but daruOtous if 
desired to help the aged or Doctor 
Bernardo's, inquiries to ICY. Green 
Ltd.. Aylesbury 82041. 

WRJKML On 17th March 1986. peace- 
fully at home. 61 Park Road. 
Ahtebargh. Suffolk. Margaret Sarah 
Maud (Peggy), betovad wife of John, 
mother of Fettdty and Peter, mand- 
mother of Ettrabeft and Koala, and 
dear friend of generations of small 
boys at Heath Mount Ftacra! ser- 
vice to be hew at SL Andrew's 
Church. waRMf-swick. at 3 JO pm. 
Friday 21sl March. Famfly flowers 
only but donobona tf desired to The 
Gardener's Royal Benevolent soci- 
ety. Ridge House. 139 Kingston 
Road. Leatbertiead. Surrey. KT22 

YONGE- on the 17ft March. C. M. 
Yonge. Marine BtotogsL aged 86 
years. Private cremation al tus 


- A Memorial Service for Tim 
Simon win take place an Tuesday 
22nd April at 4 p.m. at the Liberal 
Jewish Synagogue. 28 St John's 
wood Road. London nwb. 


SCOULAR - In memory of James, 
always ui our thoughts. Mian and 
DOd Ond Caroline. 


THOMAS D. M. E. M.D.. M.R.C.P.. 
Mrs Thomas wishes la thank every- 
one for Ihe very idnd tetters and 
messages of sympathy following the 
death of her husband on February 
28th 1986. He is thoroughly mtsaed 
by family, mends, partner and pa- 
tterns. Donations if desired in (he 
form of cheques/postal orders to 
fund a new research bed. should be 
made payable to St Mary's HospttaL 
Medical School and sent to Professor 
H. Dudley. Si Marys HospUaL Praed 
Street- Lodoo W2 I NY. 

Henry Albert Skinner was 
boro on May-20, 1926, and 
was educated at Wyggeston 
Grammar School, Leicester, 
and St Joint's College. Oxford. 
After serving in -life Royal 
Naval Volunteer Reserve 
from 1944 to 1947, he was 
called to the Bar nr!950 by 
Lincoln's Inn, where he was a 
Cholmeley scholar. He was 
elected a Bencher of that inn 
in 1973. 

Skinner took silk in 1965, 
was appointed Recorder of 
Leicester, his home town, the 
following year and after the 
creation, of the crown courts, 
remained its honorary record- 

Lincolnshire (Lindsey) 
ter Sessions. He was 
in 1980. 

In his professional life he 
was a singularly Jtard and 
conscientious worker beyond 
the call of duly, who would 
drive himself hard - 
tbtr hard 'for ; his 
strength. : 

. Skinner took ah ifitaase 
interest in the Oxford and 
Midland GranL He was its 
leader fixr two years tn 
1970s and as senior presiding 
judge, an appointment he had 
held for less than three 
months* played a key rote m 

Mr Justice Tudor Pricey , who 
died suddenly last month, and 
Skinner had been asked to. 
retara to take up.tfte rems cfc 
office ' with Mr Justice 

Crown Courts building, due to 
open next year. . 

. Away from the circuit, he 
was truluentiai as chairman of 
the Judicial Studies Board, 

enjoyed his deep-rooted 
links with his home town and 
-■was Treasurer ;m>f Leicester 
-University for four years and 
'deceived an Honorary LLD 
from there in 1982. As a man 
of outdoor-tastes, he- was a 
sturdy waUccr ami gardener. 

He married, in 1949, Joan 
Weston Cassm, who died last 
November. Mr Desmond 
Fennell, QC, Leader of the 
Midland and Oxford Circuit, 
paying tribute at Oxford 
Crown Court this week, said 
he believed Skinner had ucvml 
recovered from her deatA. 
There were two daughters of 

tiie marriage- 


Professor ; Ronald " Hare, 
who died on . March 13, aged 
86, was a hactericdogist who 
played a pioneering role in the 
introduction of the 
sulphonamides and antibiot- 
ics to clinical medicine. 

The son of a general practi- 
tioner, he was boro in Esh 
Winning in the Du rham coat 
field on August 30, 1899. In 
1924 be graduated from St 
Mary's Hospital Medical 

Disillusioned by what. he* 
had seen of clinical medicine 
in. his father's practice and at 
St Mary’s, he decided, in his 
own wends, that he "would get 
a job in the only place be knew 
where some progress was be- 

from graduation to what' was 
to be his career for lifo as a 
bacteriologist- The -stimulal- 
ing, no-nonsense, somewhat 
cynical atmosjAere of the. 
department suited Hare's tem- 
perament, and he never 
looked back, nor had he any 
reason to regret his decision. 

His initial scholarship led 
oh to a post with the Medical 
Research Council as assistant 
to. Leonard Colebrook in his 
work on puerperal fever, then 
one . of the most worrying 
problems in the whole field of 
mecticine. and the dreaded 
complication of childbirth. 

' . This in turn led to his going 
with Colebrook to the research 
laboratories in the newly-built 

In 1936 he migrated to 
Canada as research associate 
in the Connaught Research 
Laboratories in Toronto and 
lecturer in the department of 
hygiene and preventive medi- 
cine jn Toronto University. 
Here he spent the next decade, 
his most spectacular contribu- 
tion being the setting up of the 
first plant in Canad a for the 
production of penicillin. 

mZS? TsT ELy* 

»v„ Hospital m west London. 

Ten years later he returned, 
to Britain to be appointed thfr 
first profesfor of bacteriology 
at St Thomas's Hospital, a 
post he held until he retired on 
attaining the age limit in 1 964, 
when he was appointed eraeri- 
tuspro lessor. 

namely, the innoculation de- 
partment, as it . was then 

Immediately on taking his 
London degree. Hare applied 
to the department for a £200 
scholarship. His application 
was successful and without 
any clinical experience as a 
bouse physician or house sur- 
geon be proceeded straight 

ospftal in west London. 
Here-he played anactive part 
in the pioneer work on the 
sulphonamides carried out at 
Queen Charlotte’s, work 
which. was to deprive puerper- 
al fever of practically an its 
terrors and demonstrate firm- 
ly the revolution that the 
sulphonamides were to make 
in the control of infectious 

Hare was one of the out- 
standing personalities in bac- 
teriology in the half-century 
after the First World War. His 
searching, inquisitive mind 
was always probing well ahead 
of the time, while bis scepti- 
cism and a streak of icono- 
clasm provided a useful, if at 
times somewhat barbed, stim- 
ulus to his colleagues andir 


imiMioitf Diiwrl TVimw .... ...j c • ...... 9 

UeutenamRupert Thomas our under fire impressed itself 

Vance Micky” Moon, VC, so much on his 
in Viet 

u . . . . _ P Moon, VC, so rauco on ms superior 
who diM in Victoria. Austra- officers that he was recom- 
lia, on February 28, aged 93, mended for a commission 
was awarded the Victoria The following September he 
Cross for conspicuous bravery was gazetted as second lieti- 
and devotion to duty near tenant in the 58th Australian 

Anas on May 12. 191 7» when, 
after having been wounded 
several times during an attack, 
be continued to lead, encour- 
age and inspire his men. 

Moon was boro at Bacchus 
Marsh, Victoria, on August 

Infantry Battalion. 

Moon’s great day -was May 
12, 1917, when his conduct 
was of such ; an oustahdingly 
courageous character that he 
was recommended: for the 
Victoria Cross. 

embarked on his career when, dil % ^ or- 

sevemeen days after hostilities a ^_ a ?^ i ck on 

had b^un (August 21, 1914),' been, officially de- 

he joined the Colours, enlist- JOS* J 11 -??* 

ing in the ranks of the Austra- ^ 

particular objective he was 

14, 1892. He had only, just 
erwhen, . 

lian Military Forces. 

In the following October he 
sailed for overseas with the -1st 
Australian Division, attached 

Agin he was wounded so 
badly that he was, for a short 
totally incapacitated. 
Bui he fulled bimseif together 
and so inspired his men that 
toe trench was taken in tri- 

Rallying his now depleted 

a « ain - lfid 

tonvard in a general attack 
and was wounded a third 
time. Despite sustaining a 
farther severe wound fo the- 
he was determined ter 
SfY 0n ’ ^ was only with 
^ greatest difficulty that he 
was Persuaded to withdraw 
mom the fray to have 

wounds dressed. 

The notification 


10 of the vfctcSa 
Cross published in tlS 

detailed to reach was a posi- 

7^ — -ucu m UH- 

AustraQan Division, attached t oideis reoufoli , hi? ed 1917 and ‘* Une * 

meS 6 He 

fighting of the GallipouCam-. 

paign at Anzac from. May. to 
December, and then left' to 
take up arms in another 
theatre of war. ' 

He arrived in France 

another, strong point 
further to the rear. 

deeds of valour it was stated: *- 


Hie h™.- ** amicur*' 

was .magnificent, 

.u.w W Uic rear. - . laiRdy instrumental 

It was not long before Moon against 

was wounded- But he pressed SSSEf the safe* 

on to achieve his first objeo flank of the 

live before tunungio lead his tbe capture of 

May, 1916, where his demean- .. men against the enemy trench.' Prisoners and machine 

. to 

•Rf v 


'Vim ^ '■ 







.flOBW JMBCOff, 

Der fliegende 

Covent Garden 

the species 

**- ^ - 't, Sgr.. «hkh dominated the planet 
3'-,;:. Earth until its sadden extras 
'•*? . some 2W million Tears 






ago, wayrwell have thought 
Itself to death. This liypotEe- 
.$1$ has beenpat forward by 
. faribrwatioii-pTOcessars exam* 
faring Origins* a coanmbh 
tira artefact discoverer at the 

••»+ -1 ^L. 

rich anthro 
known as 

ties hare been 



■ Sfl. . 

'* ‘n#a ^S'* • 

f T 


- «*SkT 




c s* 9 ties nave neon mlracaltesly 
. presend in. a sedfuentuy 
. layer of video debris at the 
“ BBC tite. Tt fc shnBftr to 
objects fond earlier in that its 
content is organized according 
tSk Homa sqpieBs* delightfully 
primitive logic system, and 
expounded % a figure of 
symbolic significance, in this named Doctor Jonathan 
' Milter. Doctor Miller appears 
to be humanoid, « hologram of 
irresistible charm, shaped like 
a QOestioc-iiiark in order to 
embody the cultural hleal of 
. inteQectnai quest. 

- : The Origan tape explains 

ipr - *»*'. ail the directions of enquiry 

Into the beginnings of life and 
the universe which were cur- 
rent in the primary nuclear 
age* In its original state the 

tape would have ran for over 

,\ T 3 * 5 ^^Iriwo tews; this elapse of time, 

• .1 , even in the single dimension in 

" *“ %*- which Homo sapiens could 

• -v oomprebend time, wonld have 

tested the febrile brain-tissue 
kTra^.*’. of the species to its limits. In 
•- a «: addition, the programme em- 

ployed concepts snch as the 
atomic theory, genetic micro- 
biology and advanced astrono- 
my, with which few members 
of die species wonld ha ve been ' 


- Interestingly, Origins 
makes it dear that Homo, 
sapiens did have extensive 
knowledge of the elementary 
fractions of the computer,: but 
had not realized that thought 
was a process which coaid 
.safely be left . to. teanimte 
•sirtides which coatd ex- 
change electromagnetic im- 
prises without damage- _ 

sapiens' fatal fascination wife 
ideas beyond its hrafo.cbejnfc-- 
try. People spoke of meteor- 
ites,. Qke ponriW .iwp 
cubes, raining the' planet 
Earth with basic . biolo^cri 
ingredients; they .spoke of 
gravitational collapse of anti- 

xnatter, coffiskms of a nriveme 
with m> staithag-pofot, of time 
with no beginning, of. dimen- 
sions with no end. Farther- 

- more the programme exhibited 

.7. «r : a* • - Homo sapiens' Inability to 
act' ^differentiate between the cog- 
™ rifive potential of the written 
word and Che video picture. 

Opinion at the BBC2 she is 
still dbidedl on the exact cause 
at the extinfltion^of these 
species. Was it simply over- 
exritemenr of their enlarged 
bndas by these ideas, a m ass 
escape -of malevolent antir 
protons or a nuclear accident? 
Anthropological modules at 
the BBC1 site have came np 
with a further theory. When 
Homo sapiens’ over-developed 
nervous -tissoe was tnunna- 
tiaed, the cure was to apply 
raw soap-opera to the hti®r3F ? 
apparently witbont the rieri- 
izatioa that this corid cause 
the brain to implode. The 
f discomy of Origins is a sad 
. */■ epitaph on the species whSdi 
> chose to call itself wise. 

Celia Brayfield 

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Operatic time has been elapsing 
backwards in London these last few 
days. From Wagners last opera at 
the Coliseum -we returned on 
Monday evening to his canonical, 
first at Co vent Garden, and in 
another sense too we seemed to be 
returning to the less lovely past, for 
the Royal Opera’s Duichman, quite 
as much as the ENO Parsifal* is 
another essay in that geometrical 
brutalism . one hoped fed run its 
course by about 1971 
• In the pit there is brutalism of a 
different land Getd Albrecht 
lashes at the score as if in a frenzy: 
his speeds are last, his sound&fierce 
and his rhythms reduced to the 
utmost in simplicity, as if the 
intention were to show np the work 
as a hanirGsted: construction of 
crude orchestral -effects and poky 
■littl e ma rch-tunes. But, when the 
overture has thus reminded us 

black outline of something that 
could be part of a steamship, 
crewed, a little oddly, by people in 
white boiler-suits and matching 
miners' helmets. It is not the 
anachronism that is bothersome 
(the. later scenes suggest we are 
somewhere circa 1940). What one 
objects to is a production that 
never comes near meeting the 
shapes, colours and movements 
suggested by the music, that never 
goes into the score hut always 
stands outride at the doorway. 
From that position, of coarse, it 
can-haidly begin to make contact 
with the psychology of the work, or 
even make much sense of its story. 

This churlish refusal to engage 
with Wagner becomes quite laugh- 
able in the spinning scene. The 
chorus are assistants from an old- 
fashioned grocer's shop, overseen 
by a forbidding Mary (Anne Col- 
lins) and somewhat pointiessly 
pasting ropes across thejdace: the 
setting is one of those white cubical 
chambers favoured by the designer 
David Fielding, hideonriy fit by 
finorescent tabes. Scuta is sulking 
in jeans and capacious, woolly, and 
mooning over a painting that, sure 
enough, has ' the look of a Dutch- 


man all right (curiously she is not 
fussed when this image out of Hals 
turns out in reality to be a 
Netherlander of Surinam, perhaps, 
in the shape of Simon Estes). If this 
scene represents the production at 
its silliest, then I suppose the 
lamest moment is the appearance 
of the Dutchman's vessel as a bit of 
ramp with a shed stuck on to it, the 
whole gently sliding forwards. The 
impression throughout is of a half- 
baked staging that would do no 
credit to a small regional company 
working with limited resources. 

It is not as if the bare absence of 
d£cor and furniture (except for a 
few castored armchairs absurdly 
wheeled on to the stage for the last 
act) works to foens attention on the 
central characters and their rela- 
tionships. They just look small and 
unimportant, and what drama 
there is comes from the singers, 
most particularly from Rosalind 
Plowright and Siegfried Jerusalem 
in their scenes as Serna and Erik. 
The union of Senta and the 
Dutchman is, I suspect, expected to 
be sealed irredeemably by the 
- business with a white sheet, but the 
dramatic gesmre, like so much in 
this production, hangs limp. De- 

Stegfried Jerusalem and Rosalind Plowright, as Erik and Senta, injecting a little drama into the situation 

Plowright too often lost tone at the 
top of her voice, although there 
were bursts of thrusting radiance 
that lifted the spirits on so dismal a 
night Simon Estes sounded dark, 
backward and short of breath, only 
beginning to find his real strength 
towards the very end of the opera. 

Paul Griffiths 

spite the presence of so much 
machinery, there is no real move- 
ment or none that has meaning. 
Serna rashes about a lot but to no 
purpose, and the Dutchman’s 
“theatrical" entrances go for little. 
One keeps wailing for something to 
happen, or at least for some stroke 
of imagination on a scale with the 

The only people to thrive under 

these circumstances are the chorus, 
particularly the men, who make a 
very lusty noise. Robert Lloyd 
enjoys himself as a small-minded, 
proper petty bourgeois Daland and 
Laurence Dale offers an attractive 
Steersman, but none of the other 
principals is in best form. Siegfried 
Jerusalem sounded distinctly rag- 
ged by comparison with his perfor- 
mance as Parsifal, and Rosalind 




Powrid Cooper 


„ »*■ 

■ 3*v: 


• Hans Werner Henze, who 
** this year celebrates his sixtieth 
birthday, is to be axmposer-in- 
residence at the .Aldebrngh 
s y Festival, conducting and tec*- 
.. - v.., Hiring from June" 14 to 18. 

opens in 
the second act of The Cherry 
Orchard with Trofimov lec- 
turing Anya on Russia's need 
to cut loose from the past But . 
hardly has he got into hisr 
stride than his prophecy 
comes true with the arrival of 
a horde ofgmntiiig pigs. The 
Scene breaks up u disarray 
and the stage of the Moscow 
Arts Theatre gives way to a 
Petrograd fbturist dub wtth 
Mayakovsky in full spate. . 

It is' 1921: the year of the 
Volga region famine, the 
Kronstadt mutiny and the 
introduction of team's New 
Economic Policy — events 
which we witness from the 
viewpoint of the writers who, 
willingly or inescapably, have 
followed Trofimov’s advice: 
“Throw the keys down the. 
well and go. Be free as the 

The years of Russia's “great 
e xp e rim ent** constitute the 
bitterest artistic tragedy of the. 
’century, and an -meshtibie 
theatrical theme but for. the - 
sheer magnitude of the story 
and file number of leading, 
charades til demanding the 
central role. Mr Hughes has- 
got around tte * by confining 
himself to die writing commu- 
nity and to the happenings of a 
single ^ear. "What remains 
nndrar is his own attitude to 
the events. Despite , his pro- 
logue, he certainly does , not 
view the futurists and their 
associates as pigs. Equally he 
is determined not to fell into 
the bourgeois trap of singling 
out any particular "group or 
character fra- sympathetic far 
your. Bui what he has pro- 
duced comes over as the work 
of a man who has been vastly 
stirred by the subject and 
wants to do something about 
it- without laving anything 
much of his own to say. 

' The action takes place 
mainly in the garish avant- 
garde setting of the Stray Dog 
Oub and in the spacious 
simplicity of Gorky’s home. 
Here .the wild young geniuses 
of the Revolution drink and 
come to blows _ under the 
benevolent scrutiny of the 
amhor of The Lower Depths. 

Given the factional com- 
plexities involved, Mr Hughes 
does an exemplary job in 
sorting out' the futurist and 
acmeist poets from their joint 
enemies in the Party-following 
Proletculi; especially as he 
achieves much of the exposi- 
tion through comic enactment 
— with Gumilyov (Jack Shep- 
herd) launching into an 

I Do like To Be 

Soho Poly 

Ultimate conviction: Daniel Day Lewis's Mayakovsky 

acmeist reading with revolver 
shots, or the proudly indepen- 
dent Mandelstam unbending 
so far as to apply to Gorky for 
a pair of trousers. It is also 
mj irie abundantly plain that 
poetry, in this time and place, 
is not a minority issue but a 
matter of mass public enthusi- 
asm. Everybody is writing. 
The former railway cleric spy 
in Gorky’s house is a would-be 
poet; Gumilyov's Cheka inter- 
rogator asks for his opinion on 
a manuscript before consign- 
ing him to the death celL 
As far the main action, 
though, all that emerges is a 
foreshortened version of the 
story: the unrelenting erosion 
of artistic independence as the 
State grinds on towards demo- 
cratic centralism. Mr Hughes 
accelerates history by punctu- 
ating Gorky's birthday party 
with the roar of the Kronstadt 
bombardment, and seals 
Mayakovsky’s fate with a 
writers' committee meeting. 
But an accelerated strangula- 
tion lades the horror of slow 
motion, and the inconclusive 
flash-forward epilogue for the 
aged Akhmatova is no substi- 

tute for leaving Mandelstam 
and Mayakovsky stiff alive 
and kicking. 

Scenically, Richard Eyre's 
production is as exhilarating 
an evocation of Russia as his 
Government Inspector. Crazily 
painted gramophone horns 
and an efngy of Lenin with a 
new broom adorn William 
Dudley’s basement set, which 
is usually crowded to bursting- 
point, but never with any loss 
of focus. Daniel Day Lewis’s 
gaunt, shaven-treaded Maya- 
kovsky convinces me, as no 
reading has ever done, that the 
hooligan bard was a spellbind- 
ing public performer. Sadly, 
for all the precision that 
Charlotte Cornwell and Roger 
Lloyd Pack bring to Man- 
delstam and Akhmatova, their 
acmeist poetry is no match in 
public for Mayakovsky’s 
pounding jingles. David Ud- 
der crumbles to impressive 
effect as the disillusioned Gor- 
ky; and Fred Pearson in 
leather cap and pince-nez is 
fearsomely believable as a 
Proletcult cheer-leader. 

Plays about the Irish problem 
find frequent exposure on the 
fringe circuit, bin this is the 
first 1 have seen set in Venice 
and London. The dislocation 
points op the dichotomy in 
Shane Connaughton’s script, 
which comes across as an 
uneasy fold-in of two dispa- 
rate forms. What the author 
appears to have done is to 
write a domestic comedy with 
an extraneous political dimen- 
sion; it would be grim indeed 
to imagine that he had at- 
tempted the contrary, a sober 
examination of a topical 
theme fleshed out with funny 
bits: either way. there is only 
half a play on offer. 

The Venice sequence intro- 
duces an unlikely family on 
holiday in tire sun: Bra, a 
dyspeptic, sixtyish director of 
a London building firm; Lyn, 
his scathing teacher daughter;- 
and her acerbic Belfast fiance 
David, who is recovering from 
tire shock of seeing his own 
father blown up by the IRA. 
The Englishman’s knee-jerk 
chauvinism extends, not un- 
expectedly,, to the lrish as well 
as to the Continentals pollut- 
ing his beach-front view, and 
his disparaging growls about 
“Paddies" inevitably spark off 
a routine of stodgy bickering 

Educated at the leading 
Protestant school of Portora, 
David is also a graduate, 
which Ben insists will disqual- 
ify him from his declared 
ambition of joining the firm's 
board. When David's govern- 
ment compensation arrives in 
the second act, the boot is on 
the other foot, with Ben urging 
him to invest in the glorious 
sunrise of Channel-tunnel 
contracts. Naturally, further 
rucks ensue. 

Dennis Cbinoery and Cia- 
ran Hinds pump some useful 
aggression into their ex- 
changes, with Trudie Good- 
win wearily trying to keep the 
peace, but all the characters 
(including Alan Devlin’s 
southern Irish foreman, a 
burly soak felled by his boss's 
elderberry wine) evince a disr 
quieting tendency to rake their 
memories at the slightest pre- 
text, which disrupts some 
highly promising comedy. Jeff 
Teare’s production is a contri- 
bution to this month’s Irish 
Festival of the Arts. 

Irving Wardle Martin Cropper 

Fascination with life itself 

MODERN ART 1945-1985 

19 February-27 April 


• 5 ' . 


The most comprehensive^ 

Tate's Cdlectton of post-war art shewng all the 

' : principal movements since 1945. 

Tate Gallery 

. .MiJIbank, London SW1 

, -..Adtoteskretere 
loosed Good Friday <28 March) Recorded information Qi 6217T2B 

Colette dame 

Traverse, Edinburgh 

"Look for a long time at what 
pleases you, and longer still at 
what pains you" Colette is 
reported to have advised: a 
maxim which, in Dominique 
Paquet’s one-woman play, she 
applies with stringent energy 
toher own life. 

Ms Paquet's performance 
(on an all too brief visit to 
Scotland from France) opens 
with the arrival of tire infa- 
mous French novelist and 
dancer in her seedy music-hall 
dressing-room, then goes on to 
intcrweaveglimpses of Colette 
on stage and backstage —both 
literally and metaphorically. 
As she makes op for her risquS 
dances (which Ms Paqiret 
performs with a rather touch- 
ing, almost naive coquettish- 
ness, studiously revealing a 
lengtb'of thigh here, a curve of 
bosom there), she holds forth, 
to herseft to her reflection and 
to her audience. Gradually 

there unfolds a portrait of the 
woman behind the “artiste" — 
yet one that is, ironically, 
constantly infused' with Col- 
ette's persona] tense of 

Using many of Colette's 
own words, Paquet creates a 
seamless monologue that 
shifts us back and forth 
through her life and personal- 
ity, revealing her persistent 
fascination tor her own life 
and the lives of others and her 
imaginative ability to drama- 
tize both. As with all dramatic 
monologues the production 
depends very much on Ms 
Paquet’s ability to inject recol- 
lected experience with new 
life, and this she does beauti- 
in a vivid, mercurial 
xmance, directed by Pat- 
ride Simon, that only trails 
slightly at the end. 

She leaves an impression of 
a woman at once alone, vul- 
nerable and terrified of ageing 
behind her mask, yet equally 
resilient and determined. 
Painting on the famous kohl- 
black eyes, fluffing out the red 

hair and spraying an alarming 
quantity of cheap perfume 
over any area of the body 
likely to come under public 
scrutiny, Colette, as Ms 
Paquet creates her, addresses 
her own mortality with an 
impertinent defiance and 
indominitable spirit that 
make a moving contrast to the 
atmosphere of false gaiety 
around her. 

Sarah Hemming 

(12 p er aan ca t singers) 
seeks its 


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Oaily Telegraph'. 


Perfectly matched” 



in a new play 

Directed by RON DANIELS 



Takacs Quartet 

St John’s/Radio 3 

Hearing the Takacs Quartet 
exude old-world charm and 
unruffled gracefulness in 
Schumann's Quartet in F, Op 
4] No 2, only made one more 
curious about how this talent- 
ed Hungarian ensemble would 
respond to Bartok’s unremit- 
tingly dissonant and savagely 
percussive Third Quartet The 
Schumann had been lightly 
bowed for the most pan, but 
full of expressive life; if tire 
rhythms in the scherzo had 
seemed a bit soggy the salon- 
style nuances interpolated 
into the finale provided ample 
compensation. The quartet's 
penchant for gliding along the 
same string wherever possible, 
and its uniformly prodigious 
vibrato, seemed entirely hap- 
py in this context. 

But Bartok's Third seems 
created to tear apart such 
19th-century performing con- 
ventions. Listening to the 
Takacs grappling with its bru- 
talities without forsaking their 
own playing styles was fasci- 
nating. Somehow the beast 

was tamed. Partly this was 
done by emphasizing what 
gentler qualities the work 
possesses: the mysterious 
spreading duster that opens 
the work, and the pregnant 
modal motif that curls over 
the top of it, were beautifully 
delineated; the mournful 
Hungarian tune that emerges 
in the inner voices at the slow 
section’s conclusion was pro- 
jected with special weight. 

When the allegro storm 
broke the rhythms were made 
to dance, and even that fam- 
ously challenging catalogue of 
“effects” - col legno and 
suchlike — sounded more 
picturesque than ferocious. 
Everything seemed measured 
and in its rightful place. There 
was even room for a little 
rabato to articulate those star- 
tling glissando chords more 
spaciously. Elsewhere, per- 
haps. this soft-driven ap- 
proach sacrificed a little of the 
music’s shock-impact but as 
the Takacs swept with superb 
rapport through to an exhila- 
rating coda it was impossible 
not to respect this particularly 
civilized point of view. 

Richard Morrison 

Festival Hall 

It is curious how the music of 
Mahler often brings out the 
best in those young conduc- 
tors bold enough to tackle it: 
no doubt something to do 
with the relentless fervour of it 
all. Esa-Pekka Salonen’s best 
is very good indeed, as is now 
well known, and I cannot 
think that the response he 
obtained .from a Philharmonia 
Orchestra as highly charged as 
in this performance of the 
Seventh Symphony could 
have been more fresh, atmo- 
spheric dr invigorating. 

Somehow one expects a 
piece of such intensity to be 
more introspective, not to be 
directed towards a positively 
uplifting and optimistic end. 
Vet the hint of the first 
movement’s momentous writ- 
ing with brass ablaze was to be 
taken without a backward 
glance at the Sixth Symphony; 
this music is simply a celebra- 
tion of soul and intellect, and 
much the same can be said for 
the finale in its relentless 
march of joy. Between, in the 

sinister mariMremembrances 
of the first •“Nachtmusik’’mid 
the bizarre, phantasmagoric 
“Scherzo”, another world is 
visited. It is the same kind of 
world that the previous sym- 
phony inhabits, but crucially 
here and in the more pleasant- 
ly magic dreams of the second 
“Nachtmusik” Mahler stays 
detached: he is the observer, 
not the observed 
All. this Salonen realized 
quite beautifully. His balanc- 
ing of often awkward textures, 
the filigree or the over-rich, 
was meticulously attentive, 
and sheer volume never 
seemed to be generated simply 
for the sake ofiL The principal 
trumpet, John Wallace, de- 
serves special mention for his 
effortless soaring into the 
stratosphere, whether the dy- 
namic was loud or soft, though 
the rest of the brass section 
were also marvellous. There 
was precious little to complain 
of anywhere else either, except 
the supposedly distant cow- 
bells in the first “Nacht- 
musik” which unfortunately 
sounded more like the noise of 
someone enthusiastically do- 
ing the washing-up in a nearby 

Stephen Pettitt 


H piacere 

Ashcroft, Croydon 

Rosemary Helliwell's new 
work for London City Ballet 
II piacere, suffered to some 
extent from being given as the 
tailpiece of a programme of 
too many too slight pieces. 
The programme reminded me 
of the menu in one of those 
trendy restaurants where one 
is offered several first courses, 
then straight to the dessert: 
amusing but not very sat- 
isfying. True, Peter Darrell’s 
Othello is meaty enough as the 
centre course, but it is defi- 
nitely potted meat, despatch- 
ing Shakespeare's story in 20 
minutes with five characters, 
and only Nigel Spencer as a 
wily Iago gave it much flavour 
in performance. 

The new work is set to two 
of the violin concertos from 
Vivaldi's collection “II cim- 
ento dell' armonia e dell' 
inventione”, in an arrange- 
ment by Brian Smith for small 
string ensemble. There is not a 
lot of harmony in the ballet, I 
am afraid, and the invention is 
intermittent: at its best in a 
solo towards the end for a fair- 
haired young man not identi- 
fied by the cast-list, very 
^pritely, and getting a lot of 
humour from the way his legs 
took offin contrary directions. 

Apart from that, there is a 
lot of facetious posing and 
grimacing and some deter- 
mined marching by the men 
on their knees or lying on their 
backs so that their legs provide 
seats for their partners. It gets 
a laugh, but Jifi Kylian has 
done this sort of ballet send-up 
more effectively in his Sym- 
phony in 0 because he focuses 
much more sharply on what 
he is burlesquing. 

A cast of 18 looks a little 
cramped at times on the 
Croydon stage, a problem 
exacerbated by the brightly 
coloured vorticist backcloth 
and fussy costumes, all stripes 
and frills and bobbles, de- 
signed by Rose Coutts-Smilh. 

The Sinfonia da Camera 
under Leonard Salzedo played 
the Vivaldi score attractively, 
which is more than can be said 
for some of the other works, 
especially Cy Payne’s dreary 
arrangement of Beatles songs 
for Winding Road, in which 
Wayne Sleep's choreography 
inflates a review sketch idea 
far beyond its merits. 

... John Perdval 


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UN seen 
as best 
hope for 
the Gulf 

Dubai (Reuter) — Mr Timo- 
thy Renton, Minister of State 
at the Foreign Office, said 
yesterday that mediation by 
Senor Javier Perez de Cuellar, 
the UN Secretary-General, of- 
fered the best hope of ending 
the Gulf war. 

Mr Renton, speaking at the 
end of his three-nation Gulf 
tour, repeated Britain's readi- 
ness to consider a Kuwaiti 
request for military a ss is t an ce 
“quickly and sympathetic- 
ally** if the war spilt over into 

Britain’s main objective 
was to bring Iran and Iraq to 
the negotiating table, prefera- 
bly under the umbrella of the 
UN Secretary-General be- 
cause “it is with him that the 
greatest hope lies” 

He declined to elaborate on 
what kind of aid Britain might 
extend to Kuwait whose bor- 
ders are near the front tines of 
the Iranian offensive launched 
on February 9. 

“The Gulf Co-operation 
Council countries are waiting 
to see what if anything, 
Kuwait looks for in the way of 
help,” be said. “Our position 
and that of other friendly 
countries must be much the 

The council comprises Bah- 
rain, Kuwait Oman, Qatar, 
Saudi Arabia and the United 
Arab Emirates. 

Mr Renton said he dis- 
cussed the Gulf war, trade 
contacts and oil prices yester- 
day with Crown Prince Sheikh 
Maktoum bin Rashid al- 
Makioum of Dubai; the UAE 
Defence Minister, Sheikh Mu- 
hammad bin Rashid; and die 
Finance Minister, Sheikh 
Hamdan bin Rashid 

Gulf oil ministers have 
criticized Britain's oil policy, 
saying it contributed to the 
collapse of the world oil price. 
Britain has spumed appeals 
from the Organization of Pe- 
troleum Exporting Countries 
to cut its output and co- 
ordinate with Opec. 

But Mr Renton said that 
after talks with the rulers of 
Bahrain. Qatar and the UAE 
he did not think the issue had 
disturbed Britain's relations 
with Gulf countries. 

War report, page 5 


in two acts 

The tradtfionat opening collapse of British rndusby. 


: 12 about ft* 

s. %'*■. S 

tT - 


Photographers surrounding Miss Sarah Ferguson as she left her office in London yesterday to go to lunch (Photograph: Julian Herbert). 

By Patricia Clough 

Miss Sarah Ferguson yesterday 
continued to face her trial by 
cameramen with the charm and 
aplomb that have become top 
requirements for the role of a royal 

She had smiles for the photog- 
raphers who were waiting as she 
left her -flat in Clapham, south- 
west London, to go to work, smiles 
for a taxi-driver -who polled 
alongside for a chat in the traffic, 
for a cyclist who nearly got 
sandwiched between her car and a 
pursuing press vehicle and, 
enigmatically, for the photog- 
rapher who vainly asked about an 
engagement to Prince Andrew. 

She posed obligingly for 

cameramen, helpfully told them 
where and when she would be 
during the day, but kept silent 
about the one thing they most 
wanted to know — if and when the 
engagement will be announced. 

“She is so nice to everyone. She 
is friendly, polite and charming,” 
one captivated photographer said. 

The pursuit of the presumed 
princess-to-be degenerated into 
slapstick comedy as some twenty 
photographers snapping her leav- 
ing her office in the West End, 
moved backwards as one man, 
s traight into a trolley of scrap 
wood which some building work- 
ers had chosen that moment to 
onload into a skip. 

The gnawing dash left the 
trolley, the wood, a small motor- 
bike, a squashed lady who had 
been selling Royal National life- 
boat Institution stickers, and sev- 
eral confused pedestrians littered 
about the street 

■ -Meanwhile, the glare of pub- 
licity spread to Mrs Sarah Susan 
Ferguson, second wife of Major 
Ferguson, Sarah's father, whom 
shenad introduced to the press as 
her “wicked stepmother”. 

Asked when the engagment 
would be announced as she left* 
Knightsbridge dinner party on 
Monday she joked: “If I did tell 
yon anything I really would be a 
wicked stepmother and we don’t 
want that do we?” 

Miss Ferguson’s stepmother 
. in London yesterday. 

aBy a light confection about 
adultery) before- the centra 
characters, -make: -their 
appearance. ' 

Before Mr Nigel Lawson 
presented his. Budget. i& the 
Commons yesterday, Mr 
Kenneth Chute, the Post- 

mastcr-Geoeral, : and Mis 

Thatcher played those sober- 
dinate rofes m a tight coofeo- ' 
tknr about strikes and 

unemployment. Mr Claite 
was qute . convincing as the 
bntier; Mrs Thatcher less so 
as die maid. ' 

. Wearing Ins har as Chief 1 
Commons .Spokesman- on 
Unemployment, Mr Clarke 
was suitably grave ' and 
Jeeves-like on' the plight of 
the unemployed. -• 

As questions <m nnempioy- 
mem gradually ended, Mr. 
Clarice, mefinmg Wsway oat* 
Mrs Thatcher came briskly 
in. Her first real opponent 
was Mr David Steel, 'who 
began confidently. ' 

Given Mrs Thatcher’s 
favouritism towards General : 
Motors on the British Ley- 
larid takeover, and given her 
nervousness about British 
Airways, would tte Prime 
Minister dispehtbe tipples- : 
sion that the Government 
was opposed to TnftiwgMT WBt ' 
bias?. ‘ *■■■■■ 

“If w wore, -why did we 
support a- management boy- 
out for. - Vickers?” Mrs 
Thatcher said in reply. - 
. But everyone was waiting 
for Nigel and it looked like 
bring a papular Budget from 
the Cbano riky*s expression 
of smug satisfaction. -But 
since it is difficult to imagine 
Mr L&wsan ktoking any other 
way, that was not. paanga a 
conefasive indicatioa. 

\Mr Lawson, it transpired, 
was genuinely confident He - 
-dealt ingeniously, for in- 
stance, with the problem , of 
faffing oO re v enu es. The 
Lords Select Committee on - 
British Industry had warned 
last autumn that the gradual 
decline in oil production over 
25 years would lead to the. 

"jjg _ 

half wfflfallover the next 25 
vests .Should not cause us 
usdne concern.” The Tasks 
found themselves cheering a 
fan in the otTrevemics. ‘ 

Of cowse, this: meant that 
the Chancritar. had little to 
-give away“ 0 e, return to the 
taxpayeriJRa he distributed 
his meagre- slock with -peat 
panache: more, foe chanties, 
curs m- capital transfer tax. 
incentives for the small in- 
vestor. ltaB began to sound 
quite generous. ; 

’ There _were, admittedly, 
sticky moments. The 
CbanceJtor’s announcement 
that aB’lhe. tong-term.nnem- 
. ployed. would be granted 
-interviews convinced ' few 
MFrfbat this would reduce 
. unemployment- except 
among interviewers. 

“Tea uud sympathy” 
jeered Labour Mft- ... 

His announcement of a lp 
cut in the standard rate of 
income -’rax was also bar- 
sacked as disgracefully inade- 
qtrate by Opposition MPs 
who would have denounced a 
huger cut as a sop to'the rich. 
But Mr Lawson sat down to a 
short but enthusiastic recep- 
tion-. from his own 

:Mr Kinnock bad the tradi- 
tional duty of giving the ofT- 
the-etdf reply to a Budget 
p r ep are d over months. This 
has been found painful by 
earlier Opposition leaders, 
bat nothing simpler for our 
Boyo. He just opened his 
month and out if Bowed. 

While riding up and down 
his own cadences, however, 
he, past the Chancellor an 
inadvertent tribute. Oil prices 
had put paid to the ; pres, 
election giveaway budget that 
the Qraircdlor bad hoped to 

• -Mr Lawson, bt charged, 
was w>f .bribing the voters.' It 
was te absolute disgrace. He 



Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh-opens 
the Nautical Institute’s 1986 
Command Seminar. Trinity 
House, EC3, 9.30; later he 
attends a reception given by the 
Corps of Royal Electrical and 
Mechanical Engineers. St 
James's Palace, 6.30; and then, 
as President, the Royal Society 
of the Arts, accompanied by The 
Prince and Princess of Wales, 
attends a dinner, and presents 
the Albert Medal for 1 985 to the 
Prince of Wales .the Royal Soci- 
ety of Arts. John Adam St, WC2, 
7.45. - 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother, attends the annual 
meeting of Queen Mary's Lon- 
don Needlework Guild, Sl 
J ames’s Palace, 3 JO. 

The Prince of Wales visits the 
1986 Royal Institute of Painters 
in Watercolours Exhibition, the 
Mall Gallery, SW1. 3. 

The Duke of Kent visits 
Elcometer Instruments, 
Droylsdon. Nr Manchester, 
10-55; and later visits ERF 

Limited. Sandbach, Cheshire, 

The Duchess of Kent opens 
Phase I of the Glenfiekl District 
- Hospital. Leicester, ll;and then 
'visits the Fire 'Service Control 
Centre, Leicester, 2-25; later she 
visits the Belgrave Family Cen- 
tre, Leicester. 3.20. 

New exhibitions 
Paimings by Margaret Living- 
stone and Marie Wilson; Mao 
Laurin Art Gallery, Rozelle 
Park, Monument Rd, Ayr; Mon 
to Sat 11 to 5, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
April 9). 

The Police in Portsmouth: 
1936-1986; Southsea Castle. 
Portsmouth; Mon to Sun 10.30 
to 5.30 (ends November 30). 
Last chance to see 

. . Eastern Angles: works by a 
group of East Anglian Artists;. 
Oxford Gallery, 23 High St, 
Oxford; 10 to 5. 


Guildhall Chorus and Gradu- 
ate Course Orchestra; Guildhall 
School of Music and Drama, 
Barbican, EC2, 7. 

A Portrait of Shostakovich; 
Concert with John Shirley- 
Quirk (baritone), Dmitri 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 16,997 


















Alexeev {piano) and Gabriel^ 
Woolf (reader); Queen Elizabeth 
HalL South Bank. SE1, 7.45. - 

Conceit by the Uroboros 
Ensemble;, St John's,- Smith Sq, 
SWI.7.30 - 

Oran recital by Susan Far- 
row; St Manin-wi thin-Ludgate, 
Ludgate HiH EC4, 1.15. 

Organ recital by Roy Massey; 
Ellesmere College Chapel, 7.45. 

Concert by Leeds Polytechnic 
Choir and Orchestra, Orffs 
Carolina Burana; Beckett Park 
College, Headingley, Leeds, 


• Concert by the Birmingham 
Symphony Orchestra; Wessex 
HalL Poole, 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 

“A Most Vile People”: Early 
English historians' on the Vi- 
kings, by Prof R I Page, Gustave 
Tuck Theatre, University Col- 
lege London, Gower St. WC1, 
5 JO. 

The rediscovery of a Vic- 
torian sound archive, by Ben- 
nett Maxwell; Museum of 
Loudon. London Wall, EC2, 

The East Anglian period of 
manuscripts painting. 1 2.30, 
Medieval Apocalypses, 2, by 
Penelope Wallis; The British 
Library. Great Russell St, WC1. 

The land surveyor and the 
architect, by Kevin Quirk; 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors, 12 Great George St, 

Lent 1986: Faith in the City - 
The Church's challenge to the 
nation, by Sir Richard O'Brien; 
Westminster Abbey, SW1. 


Charles I as patron of the arts, 
by Mary Connatty: National 
Portrait Galley, WC2, 1.10. 

A place for faith, by Mr John 
Selwyn Cummer St Ann's 
Church, St Ann's Sq, Manches- 
ter, 120. 

Fractals and fractons - an 
introductory ride on the current 
physics bandwagon, by Dr H M 
Rosenberg; Large Lecture The- 
atre. Physics Poynting Building, 
Birmingham University, 11. 

Books — hardback- 

The Literary Ecfitor’s selection of Interesting books published this week 
Mono waft Youth, Hemingway: The Eariy rears, by Peter Griffin (Oxford, 

Beloved Quixote, The Unknown Lite of John Mddteton Mtary, by Katherine 

Mkbfleton Murry (Souvenir, £14B5) 

Life in Pubic Schooia, by Geoffrey Watford (Methuen, £1235) 

Loyalists and Loners, by Michael Foot (CoIRns, £15) 

Modem Cline, A History, by Edwin E. Moise (Longman, E15B5. paperback 

Tchaikovsky, The Years of Wandering 1878-1885, by David Brown 
(Goflancz, £25) _• 

The Burgundian Neth erla n ds , by Walter Preventer and Wim Bfackmans 

by Roderick Strange (Oxford, £1 2J0. Wfoartc 035) 
The Partings of Beniamin West, by Helmut von Erffa and Aflen Staley 

iSufoakespeare Wallah, by Geoffrey Kdndafl (Sfdgwick & Jackson, 
£12.95 PH 


A trough of low pressure frill 
dear; from E England ns-'.qr 
weak, ridge crosses 'the coon- 
try. Further troughs will ap- 
proach the W later. 

6 am to midnight 

The pound 

l A %' " "i' I 


1 Build these right in the town 

centre {4,6). 

6 National lax (4). 

9 Wipe pan - it is stainless 

. (5,5). - - 

10 Joint of pork needs some of 
the stuffing (4). 

12 Take risks in spirited 
entertain ment (4,4,4). 

15 Padre worked out holy fig- 
ures (9). 

17 It can stuff (5). 

18 Supplied with information 
about a number (5). 

19 Docker's about to eat out 
with surgeons (9). 

4 You need legs for this race! 

^Disentangle, ie, extract (9). 

7 The Certainty of being found 

guilty (10). . ... 

8 Beneath that boom. English 
soldiers are concealed (10). 

11 Respect nothing that is orig- 
inal in this publication (3,9). 

13 A -koala could .be in diffi- 
culties (2.1 4). 

14 Virginia was one goddess 
dressed in grey (5.5). 

16 Talk Polish inside, getting 
. translated.(9). . 

21 Let in and an (5). 

22 City is in Pennsylvania (4). 

20 Scholar shortly to become a 23 Carp-providing food (4). 

mother (6,2.4). 

24 The wav to get a gun outside 

25 Usually actor's left on time, 
with swagger (6.4). 

26 Need a change? The perfect— 

spot (4). 

27 Old woman improved - by- 
50% (6,4). 


1 Pop's wine (4). 

2 Song of joy (4). 

3 Alone, like Nelson (6-6). 

Solution to puzzle No 362)96 

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University, Church SL 5.30. 


Introduction to the Modern 
Collection; the Whitworth Art 
Gallery, Whitworth Park. Man- 
chester, 1.15. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Travellers and Tellers, trav- 
ellers and travel writing in the. 
last 1 50 years; Foyles An Gal- 
lery. Charing Cross Rd, WC1; 
Mon to Sat 1 0 to 6 (ends March 
20 ) 

- English Watercolours; Alpine 
Gallery, 74 South Audley St, 
Wl;Mon toFri 10 to 6. Tues 10 
tod. Sat 10 to 2 (ends March 22). 

Kites by Dan Baldwin; Regent 
Centre: High 5 l Christchurch, 
Dorset; Mon to Sat 10.30 to 6 
(ends March 29). 

North West craftsmen; Staf- 
ford Art Gallery, The Green; 
Tues to Fri 10 to 5. Sat 10 to 4 
(ends March 27). 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Budget de- 

Lords (2.30): Debate on needs 
.of voluntary organizations 
following abolition of GLC and 
metropolitan counties; debat- 
able question on employee 

High Tides 

air - 

Yugoslavia Dnr 

Rates tar smsH denomination bank notes 
only as suppled by Barclays Bank PLC. 
Different rates apply to travellers’ 
cheques end other foreign asrancy 

Retti Price Index 37SJ. 

London: The FT Index dosed up 10.8 at 

Best wines 

In a blind tasting of 43 French 
red vin de pays, the following 
were judged excellent value: ■ 
Mas de Danutas Gassac 1983, 
Vin de Pays de 1’Herault, 
Christopher's (01- 930 5557), 
£6.20; Llstel Rubte, Vxn de Pays 
des Sables du Golfe de Lion, 
Morrisons (0274-497421). 
£2.59; Meriot ks 4 Satsons, Vin 
de Pays des Pyrenees Orientales, 
Vignerons Catalans, Green Bot- 
tle Wines (0703-783831). £234; 
Domaine de FAbbaye de 
Vahnagne, Cone Card male 
198. Vin de Pays des Colliues 
de la Moure, Odd bins and 
Gough Bros. (01-481 2944), 
£2.85: BUS French Carafe 
Wine, British Home Stores (02- 
262 3288). £2.25; Meriot 1983, 
Dnlong Freres et fib, Vin de 
Pays de l'Herault Blayney 
Wines. (0783484488). £2.05. - 
Source Him. April 1986. 

u ‘ ii : i ■ o ■ i 1 1 1 1 


Births: David Livings to n. 
Blantyre, Strathclyde, 1813; Sir 
Richard Burton, explorer and . 
scholar, Torquay, 1821; Serai 
Dlaghilev, Novgorod, 1872; Sir 
John Marshall, archaeologist, 
Chester, 1876: • 

Deaths: Artbar Janies Bal- 
four, 1st Earl of Balfour, prime 
minister, 1902-05, Woking, Sur- 
rey, 1930; Edgar Rice Bur- 
roughs. novelist, creator of 
Tarzan, Encino. California, 

Snow Reports 

Depth Conditions Woathar 

(cm). Off Runs to (5pm) 

L U Piste Ptete resort - °C 


StAnton 60 280 fair heavy fair fine -2 

Lower slopes becoming warm 


l5ola200G 155 210 good varied good - fine -3 

Excellent skiing afl pi s t e s 

LaPlagne 138 260 good varied good fine 5 

Good siding 

Megeve 30 120 good varied fair fine 5 

Spring conditions 

Morzlne 20 160 fair heavy • poor cloud 5 

Some bare patches 

Concise Crossword is on page 10 

Courmayeur 60 200 good 

Afl dopes good 

powder good . 



Davos 60 165 good 

Good snow on and Off piste 

Murren 40 150 good 

Worn patches on lower slopes 







^Jteabove reports, suppSed by representatives of the Ski Club of Great 
Britain. L refers to lower slopes and U to upper, and art to artificial. 

. 'I H 

" fn 







ji ✓t*-*’ J 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

The reduction in the basic 
rate of income tax from 30p to 
29p in the pound, the first 
basic rue cut since 1979, costs 
the Exchequer £830miliion in 
the 1 forthcoming financial 
year, 1986-87, and £155bfl- 
. • hon m a full year. 

V, Allowances and thresholds, 
raised by 20 per cent in real 
terms since 1980. were lifted 
in line whh inflation. .That 
• II 30 .to the gin g i f 
person's allowance, brin g in g it 
to £2,335, and £200 to the 
. ' married man's allowance, 
bringing it to £3,655. 

- The tax changes mean that 
the. single person on £140 a 
week will pay £1.70 less in tax 

. weekly, and that the married 
man on £200 a week win see 
vhis lax bill cut by £2.45 a week. 

The cut in the basic rate, 
generally thought to have been 
ruled ont by the sharp-fell in 
oil prices, is the first step 
towards the Chancdloi’s goal 
of a 2Sp in the pound basic- 
rate. The Conservatives' 1 979 
commitment has thus been 

- The Chancellor, 1 while re- 
jecting the option of nantro- 
■ducing the reduced-rate band 
of income tax, has neverthe- 
less made some attempt to 
present his tax changes as 
being directed principally at 
those on average incomes or . 

The top rates of tax are left 
unchanged, rising to a maxj- 
mum of 60 per cent The 
Chancellor has also clawed 
back about £15nrillion by not 
raising higher rate thr e sho l ds 
fully in line with inflation. AD 
higher rate thresholds are 
increased by £1,000, which is 
less than required for indexing 
the top rates of tax. ‘ 

In total, the revenue costs of 
the income tax changes an- 
nounced yesterday win be 
£1.95biUion in 1986-87 in 
total, or £815million above 
the cost of indexation. 

'All the main, allowances are 
increased, m line with the 5.7 
per cent rise in prices in the 12 
months. ended m December. 

: . 



For the stogie age allowance 
that means a £160 rise, to 
£2,850. The married age al- 
lowance rises by £250, to 
£4,505. The income limi t for 
£ 94 (jo aUowance increases to 

In the run-up to this year's 
Budget, three income tax op- 
tions were considered: raising 
personal allowances by more 
than the rare of- inflation; 
reintroducing a- reduced-rate 
band ofincome tax on the first 
few hundred pounds 1 of tax- 
able income; and cutting the 
basic rate of income tax. 

Since the ' Conservatives 
were elected seven years ago 
income tax change have fol- 
lowed a predictable pattern. 
Initially, in 1979, the focus 
was on reductions in the base 
and higher rales of income tax. 

In every budget since then, 
with tire exception of the 
austerity package of March 
1981, income tax allowances 
and thresholds have been 
raised by more than inflation. 

The rationale ha< usually 
been that it “lakes people out 
of income tax" or, more 
subtly, alleviates the poverty 
and unemployment traps at 
lower income levels. 

The poverty trap can mean 
that, because of the interac- 
tion of the tax and benefit 
system, people can become 
worse olf when their income is 
increased. The marginal rate 
of tax, at present, can be very 
high for those on low incomes. 

The unemployment trap 
operates in a si milar way, but 
between income in work and 
income while unemployed. 
The situation, is often that, in 
taking a paid job, a person can 
be left with a lower after-tax 
income. .. . 

However, both those prob- 
lems will be alleviated, if not 
eliminated, by. the 
Government's social security 
reforms. They should remove 
the need for the Treasury to 
tackle what are essentially 
soda] security shortcomings 
through changes in the tax 

That iswby,in the approach 
to this Budget, other changes 
in income tax were considered 
to be stronger contenders. A 
cut in the baric rate of income 
tax, , if only to 29p in the 
pound, fits in well with the 
Chancellor's proposed re- 
forms of income, tax, albeit 
just as a small first siej* 

Similarly, the remtroduc- 
tibn of a reduced-rate band, 
while of questionable benefit 
for the low paid, when com- 
pared with / other income 
groups, looked Logical as pan 
of a staged move, working up 
through the income scale, 
towards a new system of 
transferable allowances, with a 
25p in the pound basic rate. 



Single person . 2535 . p05 

Married man 3-655 3,455 

Wife's earned income aBowance 2535* 2*205 

Additional personal allowance 

{single parents) 1<32Q 1,250 

Dependant refehve 100 100 

Bflnd persons allowance • ' _ 

single person 2S5 

couple Cxrth Wind) 720 720 

Age allowance (age 65 or over) ■ 

single 2.850 2,690 

Xd - - ■ 4.505 4,255 

•This Is the maximum. 

Aoe allowance is reduced down to personal allowance levels by £Z 
fSlwSKHof excess income over £8300 In 1985-86, £9,400 irv 


INCOME 12.000 12^00 17.000 17.000 25.000 2S.000 

Lass tax allowances 3355 3.455 3355 3,455 a 655 3355 

Mortgage merest reHef 2,600 2300 2.600 2,600 -2300 2,600 

tSST 1 5>45 5345 10,745 103*5 18.745 163*5 

1666 1.783 4116 3383 5306 5.958 
N?SSwns 1380 1.080 1334 13*0 1,33* 1-2*0 



Annual toeome 


INCOME 20^ 2MM 30000 

- Lass tax aftwaoces - J™ 

Mortgage merest rateT 3500 35M 350jj 

Taxable income 

Tax payable 1*5 

N.l. contobuhons 133* 

TOTAL NET INCOME 153 S7 1*367 21.468 

* Mortgage interest e tadaSated a* 13-0 P®" cew 



- e 

Charge for 1985-86 Proposed charge for 188&37 

Percentage of Percentage of 

Income total income Income total income 

lax taken hi tax fax taken in tax 


Reduction In tax 
after proposed change 

As percentage 
Income of total 

tax income 

Calculations assume that only the husband has.eamed income. 


Charge for 1985-86 Proposed charge for 1986-87 

Reduction in tax 
after proposed change 




Percentage of 
total income 
taken to tax 



Percentage of 
total income 
taken In tax 



As percentage 
of total 























. 839 



















' 15 















10.000 - - 











23!4 " " ’ 

136 ' 













24.8 - — 

■ 176- 

• 1.1 

18,000 . 

















































Income thresholds 

Cut for basic rate taxpayers 

Basic rate taxpayers will 
enjoy lp m the pound off their 
tax, bringing it down from 30 
per cent to 29 per cent, and in- 
creases in tax thresholds to 
take account of inflation were 


The only disappointment is 
for married women who, the 
Chancellor said, wtrald have to 
wait until the B90s for any 
relief from having their invest- 
ment income taxed as though 
it belonged to their has bands. 

Non-working wives who are 
wnahie to benefit from any 
income tax relief will have to 
wait at leak five years for the 
system of transferable tax 
allowances between husband 
and wife, proposed in the 
Green . Paper published 

Higher rate taxpayers bare 
not done quite so welL Thresh- 
olds bare been increased by a 
flat £L000 to each band. Had 
the Chancellor increased all' 
thresholds to take account of 
inflation it would have meant 
an increase of more than 

By LornaBourke 
£2,000 in the top 60 per cent 

The Chancellor confirmed 
that the flat £1,000 increases in 
the higher rate tax thresholds 
were equivalent to foil 
indexation of the thresholds 
up to 40 percent, but are less 
than half statutory indexation 
at the top 60 per cent rate. 

“The combined effect of the 
various income tax chanjges X 
hare just announced is to 
concentrate the benefit, mod- 
est as I readily concede it is to 
be, not on the rich, bat on the 
great majority of ordinary tax 

“As a result of the adjust- 
ments I have made to the 
hqgber rate thresholds, foe 
gam for those at foe top of the 
income scale is more or less 
confined to what they woold 
have received under simple 
indexation alone,' 1 the Chan- 
cellor said. 

According to Treasnry esti- 
mates, the tax cuts wiQ mean 
that nearly all taxpayers will 
have a tax biD of between one 

and two per cent less. 

For example, a single per- 
son earning £140 a week wifl 
pay £1 -70 a week less tax and a 
married man earning £200 a 
week will pay £245 a week 
less. An elderly couple with 
income of £160 per week will 
pay £2J7 a week less. The tax 
reductions will find their way 
through to pay -packets on foe 
first pay day after May 17. 

Age Concern and other lob- 
by groups for pensioners will 
be disappointed that all per- 
sonal tax allowances, includ- 
ing the higher age allowance 
granted to foe oyer-65s were 
increased by just the flat 
inflation adjustment. - 
The threshold above which 
foe orer-65s start to hare their 
higher tax allowance reduced 
has, however, been increased 
from £8500 to £9,400.Howev- 
er. no steps hare been taken to 
adjust foe anomaly whereby a. 
single person over 65 and a 
married ample have the same 
age allowance income limit 
More personal tax tables, 
page 27 

First moves in Tories’ 
pre-election strategy 

The Chancellor, in his third Bud- 
get, has again set his sights on the 
conquest of inflation and an enter- 
prise culture: sound money and free 
markets. But that is not all. Against 
most expectations, he has contrived, 
with intelligence and skill, a pre- 
election Budget Not necessarily the 
pre-election Budget, which if Mr 
Lawson is right in his major projec- 
tions, will come in a year's time — in 
glorious technicolour. Hie Chan- 
cellor is a great gambler, as he showed 
last year when he gambled — and lost 
— on the sterling exchange rate. This 
year Lady Luck may smile on him. 

In his various tax concessions, in 
the extension of the Business Expan- 
sion Scheme, in his major reform of 
Capital Transfer Tax and above all in 
his dramatic scheme for encouraging 
personal investment in equities, the 
Chancellor has made a powerful 
rallying call to the Conservative 

In the City, judgement of the 
Budget is inevitably more balanced. 
For the most part, the markets accept, 
and will be encouraged by, the 
Budget's major figures: the projected 
£7.5 billion Public Sector Borrowing 
Requirement and the 3.5 per cent 
inflation forecast. Even the revised 
target ranges for the revived sterling 
M3 monetary aggregate (U-15 per 
cent) and the narrower aggregate M0 
(2-6 per cent) were not greeted in the 
Square Mile last night with cries of 
“lies, lies, lies". 

That said, the sterling M3 target, 
which incidentally is offered only for 
1986-87 and, unlike M0. not beyond, 
contains the strong hint promise 

almost, of a very liberal credit policy. 
This will serve to sustain a higher rate 
of economic growth arid keep. the 
voters happy. 

The main omission from 
yesterday's statement was any ref- 
erence to lower interest rates. The 
market nonetheless is looking for 
base rate cuts of one percen tage point 
today, and in -general to a decent 
phase of cheaper money. Bank lend- 
ing cannot foil to go on rising at a rate 
pleasing to the banks, and also to the 
market in bank shares. 

True the Red Book enters a 
caution:“If the underlying growth of 
M0 or sterling M3 were to move 
significanbtly outside their target 
ranges, the Government would take 
action on interest rates unless other 
indicators suggested clearly that 
monetary conditions remained 
satisfactory.” Not perhaps too much 
of a caution but still an indication 
that interest rates remain the main 
instrument of monetary policy. 

Liberal credit, lower income tax 
and a positive incentive to - buy 
ordinary shares ought to add up to a 
rising stock market. This in turn is 
needed if the scheduled privatization 
issues, especially the huge British Gas 
flotation, are to be got away on the 
best possible terms. 

Asset realization is a vital part of 
achieving the fiscal balance which is 
an integral part of Mr Lawson's 
impressive budget arithmetic. For the 
time being, the only serious bearish 
threat to the equity market is if the 
Chancellor's gambles should look 
like fading. 

Stamp of ignorance 

Personal Equity Plans are likely to 
have two main effects beyond raising 
the public's awareness of equity 
investment: they will fuel savings, 
possibly increasing savings at the 
margin, and they will compete with 
life assurance endowment policies. 
Since last yearns Budget abolished tax 
relief on life assurance premiums, 
these policies have in any case 
become less attractive as a savings 

Now, they have competition. And 
because the underlying investments 
can, if desired, remain under the 
direct control of the investor the 
plans could prove to be very popular. 
The margins on selling Personal 
Equity Plans are unlikely to be high 
enough to attract the insurance 
companies, but they could create 
opportunities for the clearing banks, 
merchant banks and pension fund 
managers. The life companies are less 
likely to market the plans aggres- 
sively and savers may switch from 
life insurance to equity investment 
with a negative impact on the 
numbers of endowment policies sold. 

The reduction in stamp duty is 
valuable, and its extension to pre- 
viously exempt transactions in- 
genious if not universally welcome. 

The stock market can live with the 
imposition of stamp duly on letters of 
allotment and the loss of the con- 
cession on 'closing' transactions al- 
though there is a feeling that the latter 
is likely to reduce liquidity in the 

The imposition of stamp duty on 
the transfer of loan stock is likely to 
hall transfers overnight as it is 
effective immediately at 1 per cent 
falling to 'A per cent after “BigJ3an£\ 
It wiU also discourage the issue of 
-debentures and force, all new issues 
offshore. This proposal, which be- 
trays ignorance of how international 
capital markets work, should be 
removed from the Finance BilL 

Although the abolition of stamp 
duty on share transactions was not 
expected, it should have gone. Tokyo 
which retains a similar level of duty is 
an unfair comparison with London as 
it is a completely different market 
More importantly, retaining stamp 
duty even at this much-reduced level 
places the London market . at a 
disadvantage compared with . New 
York. Presumably, the Chancellor 
hopes to overcome this disadvantage 
with the 5 per cent conversion charge 
on Authorised Depositary Receipts 


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was su ; 
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been ii i 

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lines cool i 

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decline ■ 
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table win i 
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£ J^ii } A*-* , } jSai J 

. \ • *' ■" . ' ,^^4‘iynTr y~. * *' : ’’■-■-A- 1 


More sell-offs 

BES tightened up 


Help for jobless 

Shadow over oil 


New strategy to 
help young and 
long-term jobless 

. . V «>. .. 

*. V 

r»' f: '<-3 

. s&v. r % 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

New measures to provide 
hope and jobs for the long- 
term unemployed, a renewed 
emphasis on finding work for 
young people, and a co- 
ordinated national unemploy- 
ment action plan emerged in 
the Budget as being among the 
Government’s central priori- 
ties in the run-up to the next 

Lord Young of Graffham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment. will today give full 
details of the additional re- 
sources to be made available 
for the new schemes and is 
certain to emphasize the im- 
portance the Government 
now attaches to the decision to 
pull together existing pilot 
schemes under the one 

In particular. Lord Young 
and other ministers will 
emphasise Mr Lawson's 
promise that -every single one 
of the long-term unemployed 
throughout the land will be 
called for an interview and 
offered help in finding a job”. 

The total cost of the extra 
enterprise and employment 
measures — £195 million in 
1986-87 and £290 million in 
J 987-88 - will, however, dis- 
appoint many in industry and 
the unions who had hoped for 
a much greater stimulus. 

The TUC is sure lo regard 
the amount as miserly, and 
even Sir Terence Beckett, 
director general of the Confed- 
eration of British Industry, 
was muted in his response. 
The measures were welcomed, 
he said, and the programme 
for the long-term unemployed 
was -of practical help to those 
without jobs”. 

The expenditure is also 
partly offset by savings in 
social security, reducing the 
figures for the two years to 
£100 million and £165 mil- 
lion. All of it, Mr Lawson said, 
is to be financed from reserves 
and so will not add to planned 
public spending. 

The Department of Em- 
ployment regards the New 

Workers Scheme as the most 
exciting of the new measures. 

It is designed specifically to 
help people between the ages 
of 18 and 20 during their first 
year in jobs, and gives em- 
ployers a £15 a week subsidy 
for workers aged 18 and 19 
paid under £55 a week and a 
£20 subsidy if the new em- 
ployee is 20 and paid less than 
£65 a week. Mr Lawson 
regards that as “a worthwhile 

For the long-term unem- 
ployed, those who have been 
out of work for a year or more 
and who now number 1.3 mil- 
lion. or more than a third of 

>0 ^ 

*: 9 **/± 


year and short courses to 
improve their job-finding 

At the centre of the drive 
against chronic unemploy- 
ment has been the £1 billion 
Community Programme, un- 
der which the long-term job- 
less are given a year’s 
temporary work judged to be 
of benefit to the community. 

It is. to be expanded to 
255.000 places by the end of 
this year, double the level of a 
year ago. but fells far short of 
the 500,000 places that was 
being advocated in Whitehall 
earlier this year. At present, 
the programme provides 
about 200,000 places and was 
planned to rise to 230.000. 

At the heart of the 
Government's philosophy is 
the Enterprise Allowance 
Scheme (EAS), aimed at en- 
couraging the unemployed to 
set up their own businesses as 
long as they have £1.000 of 
their own to invest From the 
present rate of 65,000 entrants 
a year, it is now proposed to 
extend the scheme to 100,000 
entrants by April next year, 
with some additional training. 


***■*: ■ “f\E 

North Sea drilling is likely to be cat severely 


Capital gains 
limits rise 

the jobless totaJ, there is a new 
national Restart programme 
which brings together new 
measures and the Jobstart 
scheme. The latter was begun 
in January in nine places and 
Lord Young has wrung addi- 
tional funds from the Chancel- 
lor for an early extension. 

Jobstart involves paying 
£20 to workers who take jobs 
paying less than £80 a week.- 
Now. under Restart, it is to be 
expanded across the country 
and will also be tied in with 
counselling interviews for 
those out of work for over a 

Investors will be relieved 
that the Chancellor has made 
only small changes to Capital 
Gains Tax. The exemption 
threshold has been increased 
in line with inflation from 
£5.900 in 1985-86 to £6,300 for 
1986-87. The threshold for 
most trusts has gone up from 
£2.950 to £3.150. 

Transactions in futures and 
options in gilts and qualifying 
corporate bonds will be ex- 
empt from CGT with effect for 
disposals on or after July 2, 

There are also measures to 
counter the avoidance of CGT 
by dual resident trusts from 
March 18,1986. 

A drop in the price of oil is 
good news for Great Britain 
Limited. It is good for the 
motorist, it cuts costs to 
industry and it helps in the 
battle to bring down inflation. 

But as the Budget shows, it 
is mixed news for the Chancel- 
lor, who was left with a large 
gap in revenues for next year. 

It has never been easy to 
predict the government 
“Take” from the North Sea. 
The Treasury usually publish- 
es its forecast of oil revenues 
at file start of each fiscal year. 

Between 1982 and 1985, it 
consistently underestimated 
North Sea income by an 
average of about 14 per’ cent 
In this fiscal year, to March 
1986. the Treasury is likely to 
find that its forecast of 
£13.5 billion will overesti- 

By Carol Ferguson 
mate North Sea revenues by 
about £2 billion. 

The Treasury last predicted 
revenues for the 1986/7 fiscal 
year at the time of the last 
budget, when £11.5 billion 
looked reasonable. That now 
looks hopelessly optimistic. 

OPEC has failed to per- 
suade Britain that North Sea 
oil output should be cut to 
bolster prices. Oil production 
expectations for the coining, 
year are therefore unchanged 
at 2.5 million barrels a day, a 
marginal reduction on 1985. 

The Chancellor could be 
looking next year at a shortfall 
of £6.5 billion on his March 
1985 forecast, and possibly, 

The other main casualty of 
the falling oil price is the 
North Sea oil industry itself 
Unless there is a recovery in 


Eight big flotations planned within the year 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 
The Government hopes 
that by the end of this Parlia- 
ment at least another eight 
major state-owned businesses 
w ill have been transferred to 
the private sector. 

These include the activities 
of the National Bus Company, 
British Airways, Shorts, 
Unipart, Rolls Royce, Royal 
. Ordnance, the British Airports 
Authority, and the British Gas 
Corporation. At least one of 
the 10 regional water authori- 
ties in England and Wales may 
also have been floated on the 
stock exchange. 

If these plans are achieved 
in full, it will mean that since 
the privatization programme 
began in 1979, the proportion 
of the British economy in the 
hands of state industries 
would have dropped from 
20.5 per cent to less than 6.5 
per cent, and more than 
600.000 jobs would have been 
transferred to the private sec- 
tor. Government involvement 
in state-owned businesses 
would have been nearly 

Privatization has been one 
of the most vigorously pur- 
sued and successful of the 
Government's policies. In- 
deed, previous political oppo- 
nents are now trying to climb 

on board and the techniques 
developed for selling off state 
assets are increasingly being 
imitated throughout the 

Mr Neil Kinnock, leader of 
the Labour Plarty, recently 
conceded that re-nationaliza- 
tion of corporations such as 
British Telecom was no longer 
a priority andcertain types of 
small shareholder, such as 
employees, may escape re- 
nationalization without com- 
pensation policy that would be 
applied to larger City 

No state-owned industry, or 
other public corporation, is 
now immune from the 
Treasury’s hungry search for 
fresh assets that can be sold to 
the private sector. The list of 
potential candidates is still 
long, though rapidly 

According to Mr John 
Moore, Financial Secretary to 
the Treasury and the Govern- 
ment minister with responsi- 
bility for co-ordinating the 
privatization programme, rev- 
enue is not the primary aim of 
privatization. Much more im- 
portant is the desire to in- 
crease competitiveness and 
efficiency and the belief that 
the powers of the free market 
place can achieve this better 
than state control. 

State-owned industries are 

held back by the inherent 
inefficiencies and constraints 
of state control, he says. The 
level of their investment is at 
times governed more by the 
state of the public sector 
borrowing requirement than 
by the realities of the market 

Lord King, who last week 
suffered the blow of hearing 
that the flotation of British 
Airways is to be delayed yet 
again, has argued powerfully 
that this is indeed the effect of 
state ownership. 

“It is inevitable that a 
departmental minister and his 
civil servants will interfere in 
the conduct of the business for 
which they have been made 
responsible.” he said. 

“They will do this not 
because of a form of perverse- 
ness, but because they may 
have a different use for avail- 
able funds than satisfying an 
individual application from 
one of their businesses. 

“This could be to the con- 
siderable detriment of the 
company and its customers 
and in due course to the 
competitiveness of the indus- 
try itself.” Lord King said. 

So ambitious has the 
Government's privatization 
programme become that it is 
being extended to the so called 
“natural monopolies” where 
economies of scale and barri- 

ers to entry are such that it 
would be wasteful and imprac- 
tical to break them up. British 
Telecom, with its virtual mo- 
nopoly of domestic telecom- 
munications, showed the way. 
Gas and water are next 

British Telecom not only 
demonstrated that if the net 
was spread wide enough the 
market had the appetite for 
extremely large flotations, but 
it also showed that with 
adequate regulation, natural 
monopolies could be priva- 
tized with minimal damage to 
the interests of customers and 

According to Mr Moore, the 
state is just as likely to abuse a 
monopoly a private owner 
and what is worse, when it 
does, the customer has no 
effective redress despite min- 
isterial responsibility and par- 
liamentary accountability. 

Effective regulation, such as 
that provided by Professor 
Bryan Cars berg at OfteL the 
telecommunications watch- 
dog, provides a much greater 
degree of protection, he said in 
a recent speech. 

Mr Roy Walts, chairman of 
the Thames Water Authority- 
and the keenest and longest 
standing advocate of privati- 
zation in the water industry, 
agrees that far from protecting 
costumers, state control can 
sometimes damage their inter- 

ests. But for the Government’s 
policy of milking Thames 
Water for revenue over the 
years, customers would be 
paying less for their water and 
investment in much needed 
infrastructure would by high- 
er, he argues. 

British Telecom's license 
requires it to carry out certain 
functions which, left to its own 
devices, an unlicensed private 
company would not consider 
worth doing. . These include 
the provision of rural call 
boxes and the emergency 999 
service. It has also agreed not 
to increase its telephones 
charges by more than a certain 
amount each year. 

The same sort of require- 
ments will be put on water 
authorities. They will be re- 
quired to maintain non-reve- 
nue earning services like 
pollution and abstraction 

Nevertheless, critics claim 
that the effect of privatization 
and competition telecom- 
munications has been to put 
an increased burden on those 
who can least afford to pay. 

Despite the agreed pricing 
formular, British Telecom has 
been increasing the cost of 
renting a domestic telephone 
line and of local calls, much 
more rapidly than long dis- 
tance calls. Previously, the 
largely unprofitable local net- 



works had been subsidized by 
lucrative long distance and 
international business. 

Now BT is applying a much - 
more hard-nosed commercial 
approach to satisfy the de- 
mands of its big business 
customers and meet the com- 
petitive threat posed by Mer- 
cury Communications, which 
is attempting to cream off 
. some of BTs most profitable 

Wider share ownership has 
been a major aim of the 
Government's. - privatization 
policy. Mr Nigel Lawson, the 
Chancellor, said in a recent 
speech that “a healthy modern 
capitalist economy must be. 
based on widespread o worship 
of property and of the means 
of wealth creation”. 

Butthe truth of the matter is 
that so far privatization has 
done fitfie more than halt the 
relentless drift of personal 
savings away from shares and 
into contractual savings 
schemes, such as pension 
funds and life assurance 

The British Telecom share 
flotation attracted around 
600,000 long-term . investors, 
who had never owned a share 
before in their lives. But 
according to the stock 
exhange, that has no more, 
than scratched the surface of 
the problem. • 

The proportion of shares 
held by individuals in Britain 
declined from 54 per cent in 
1963 to 28 per cent in 1981 
and considerable tax reform 
will have to take place along- 
side the privatization pro- 
gramme to reverse the trend. 


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intended to 

By Lawrence Lever 

Amendments to the Gov-. £MWXK) *are pf femUpd 
eminent's Business Expansion only cost them £4000 aftertax 

Scheme will curb widespread rriiefi wouMbe attracted- 
abuses. These have been One Sinning company. 

shown by the popularity of Beecbbank, sponsored by 
heavily asset baaed ventures merchant bankers Hul 5am u- 

seeking BES finance. 

eL raised £13 tnffiion.m 1984, 

The Chancellor has extend- almost 12% per cent of the 
ed the scheme indefinitely* He - £105 mill i on -of BES finance 

has also ruled that companies, raised In the 1983/4 tax year. 

whose net assets hi tod aid - s a rfmsagfy forming 

buildings exceed more than ^a^res were removed from 
half the company’s total net fa ^ES ia toe 1984 Budget, 

assets will Be excluded. 

This is likely to make it 
much harder for hotel and 

. but not before they had had a 
e 5 significant impact on the 
EF* scheme. The Inland Revenue 

re tirement schemes to qualify- stones for 1983/4 show that 
But the public houses ven- £ 19.6 nriflion was raised 

tures, according to some roon- w. 23 companies operat- 
sora, would _ still be viable ^ primarily in the forming 
through leasing rather than ^reaL Against this it took 300 

fine wines, are also to be 

. _ _ . . companies in the manufactur- 

Compames m vesting, m as- ^ Jesuitries to raise £35.4 
sets normally held as invest- million of BES finance, 
men*, such as auuqucs and % -TOOw1 

otdudedtf the companies So of formmg vragw from foe 
notactivdvtrvand^Sm. scope of the scheme only ted 

notactrvdy tryandsdlfiiem. scopeovux scaememviea 
Other amendments intro- to anofoer blai ant abare of its 
duced by foe Chancellor in- sprat, through property devd- 

. . - « - e . j- li mmnnmK 

rinA» m aking the first disposal opmcaal companies. 

Treasury riches are capped 

of shares in a BES company .. Like foe forming compa- 

after five years free of Capital nies, these projects created 
Gains Tax and lowing foe fitde m foe way of new jobs. 

prices, many projects will be 
cancelled.Such marginal 
projects as would have be- 
come viable with a little help 
from tax relief have been 
scrapped.The pace of activity 
in the North Sea wifi be 
trimmed back severely, in line 
with reduced cash flows and 
unattractive returns. Wood 
Mackenzie, the stockbrokers, 
estimate mat drilling activity 
could folLby between 20 and ‘ 
25 per cent in 1986, implying . 
that as few as 80 wells mil be 
drilled, compared with 107 
wells last year. 

business of ship chartering of- and exislaL primarily as a 
B ritish registered ships to method of investing m free- 
qualify for BES finance; hold or long leasehold proper- 

There are also various ty, at a cheap price on account 
techical amendments whose efffoe availability of tax relief. 

would rany _pn property de- 

the.sdteme-s anangc- f'PESta 

ments, making it easier for. lj0ndon property 

certam types of company to ggs 


Outside equity 

The scheme was introduced “ 

in the 1983 Budget amidst “JSJS 
claims foat- it mmld herald a SP.iSP*-;? nr^ 
revolution in investment in 

these companies were very 
appealing toinveStors. 

- . Statistics are not yet avail- 
able as to how mpeh money 
wm raised for thrae ventures, 
although two BES sponsors, 
Johnson Frv and Guinness 

not quofilS any stock 


Hon, on prop ert y development 

Many fields will drop out of 
the petroleum revenue tax net 
altogether. The goose is still 
there, but it has stopped laying 
golden e^s. 

“These proposals will traffic 

form foe position of unquoted. ra *j! ce P? ^ of £126 

trading companies seeking 
outride equity” Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, then Chancellor of the 
Exchequer, said in his Budget 

Safe investment 

Since property develop- 
ment was removed from the 

published today by accoun- means of packaging , safe in- 

tents Feat Marwick Mitchefl, 
it that a substantial propor* 
tiozf of foe £231 minion of 
finance raised in foe first two 

vestment witfr; ifce attraction 

o£tex:reKe£ l- - • - 

Some of these, such as 
companies which planned to 

years of the sebeme’s existence ^ holds, had foe 

has gone to projects winch advantage of crcaring employ- 

blatantly abuse its et hos. . nrenL . Bnt others such as 
The essence ofthe scheme is schemes for investment in 
foat,mvestors can get tax relief antkjues, fine wines and art 
2?,. ravesunems of up » galleries often consisted of 

nies whore activities quamy thefr assets into a new BES 
them to raise money onderfoe venture and using existing 

; Y « ' premises, staff and adminis- 

M(wt . companies will quan- tra riv e back-up to provide foe 
fy although pubhc companies Tp tjnH Revenue’s 

25 3= SuSrf statoto to 

foe 1983/4 tax year show that 

Securities Market will npL gT and avwtv moa of foe 

economic activity stimulated 

provision of financial, tol ^ ^ ^ ^ the 

comparatively prosperous 
southera - regions of the 
countryjAreas crf high unem- 

England and in Scotland re- 
ceived little in foe way of BES 

nies is particularly attractive 
for higher rate taxpayers be- 

cause of foe availabilty of the Some £61.4 million was 

tax relief raised by companies operating 

t ov -pi’ e in the South of England and 
1 oa lcuci East AngLiaJn contrast the 

For instance, an investment total investment fot -foe entire 
of £40,000 in one or more BES i re f i h «. North ^ of 

companies would in effect EnglandYoricshire Humber- 
only cost the 60 per cent Sff .^-Scotland was only 

taxpayer £24,000. Investors fj 5 - 9 ohiy 

must however hold on to their r? . milli on of. BES finance BES compani 
years otherwise they 
their tax relief 
The Pleat Marwick 
confirms that tax n 

iesforS r 00 ^ 

' forfeit mthe NorfoofEngtond. as 
opposed to £54.8 million in 
' the South. 

Comber, of Peat 

investors' dominant motiva- Marwick Mitchell who pre- 
tion for investments and pat^d the report on the BES 

Inland Revenue statistics «yK“If you plough through 
show that 60 per cent taxpay- foe 1984/5 tax year all you get 

ers are foe most common Bps 
investors whilst the .average 
level at which rate Is being 
granted is 50 per cent. 

is the conclusion that we've 
got' lots of asset backed 
schemes. We afl know that the 
scheme was not meeting its 

The BE& emerged from the Objectives* 
nriss of a scheme known as, ■ Other problems thrown up 

foe Business Start Up Scheme, by the scheme included foe 
which was launched in 1981,- need for BES funds, (in es- 
to sti mula te investment in sencepools of mvestors’ mon- 

new, start-up companies. 

ey .m ana ge d and invested in 

Like its successor the BSS several companies' by fund 
■dangled tax reliefas the carrot, managers with the appropriate 

fo investors hot foe expertise) to invest in compa- 
conditious governing. BSS. in? . xrie^befbre thread of the tax 

vestment proved too restrio- yearto qualify for tax relief on 
nve. So the BES, which allows . that investment in tbal year. 

investment in ' established as . 
well as start-up companies, 
replaced in in 1983. 

The spirit of.ihe BES — to 
create employment and en- 

The abscence of a 
formalised Inland* Revenue 
provisional clearance proce- 
dure has led to inconsistencies 



A Iiu-ilF'u«. < h*i'.-fc%Jii»ri iMd 


*> tw in, TfcrT-y : 

M ikm, tA* 

* t "— Hn' iw ^ 

v he U Mb * rw VMttKT.U -1 

*■» MtiaoiinKckm • 

BO. Bn 4 M. Villi, . 

courage enterprise -has Brad- “Branting Itevemre approval 
□ally been eroded from its&st “ r companies seeking -to raise 
few months. finance under the scheme. 

Tire first and most obvious 
abase ofthe scheme was foe 

At foe same time the BES 
has undoubtedly provided 

proliferation . of farming sources of finance for tiompa- 
projects raising -BES fin g n oe. nies' which would hfofe strug- 

Sponsors realised tiatfeming. . gled to raise money.else^iere, 
companies cmxie. within foe . as tire- Feat Marwick report 

Tntethoase Forte Hotels 

An uncommon sense of occasion 

scheme and that provided a highlights. ‘ 

Again as Jhc reptfft .points 

S^i^foeBK^SSS ensued newjoSand 

Genua use toe o ES tnoney they - saved ones which would have 

S* 8 “ *** ‘ iS stimulSed 

. greater interest in tire venture 
h^JefuIly would . : c^phsa markeis, and created a 
uraeare ra value during foe greater willingness on tire part 
hfe of the ^ company, and SfattenS^iM fina^ 
ctttaii^ not decrease snb- to release some offottr equity 


stantially. Investors vfoose stakes. 

« jf 





■■erv - 

But the reality, is spire of. scheme's -ambit in the 1984 
the Government’s attempts to - Budget a host Of other asset 

show otherwise, and the out of: orientated ventures emerged 
date report on foe scheme as sponsors .sought other 

on investments oi up jo jnjjgjQ often consisted of 
£40,000 each year in compa- sKcomSnSw^ off 

n whntt arttvniK nrratifv “ 

'fr . ■ . 

- ii > . . 

V . . ^ . . 

szicuic miud wu.pany countiyj^eas of high unero- 

P>oy™”* >n tta^orth of 
for at least three years. ir nn io«w ^ m n 

• St.y . 

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i7 r ^ ; 


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t .v„. 

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It it. * A it *. SL 



.23 — 

Charity gifts relief# Mortgage rates to fall 


Petrol goes up I'hp • Cigarettes go up 1 lp 


Radical’ moves on 
ax laws welcomed 
by organizations 

.Changes m the tax laws on 
charitable organizations 

were'^fer more radical and far- 
reaching than we could have 
hoped for,” Mr Michael 
Brophy, director of the Chari- 

- ties Aid Foundation, said 

The changes allow compa- 
nies tax relief on one-off gifts 
up to a maximum 3 per cent of 
the annual shareholders* 
dividend., - 

The £10,000 limit on chari- 
table covenants is to be abol- 
ished. and from April next 
year “payroll giving” will 
allow individual employees 
lax relief on donations of up to 
£100 a year deducted from 
their pay. 

In- addition Mr Lawson' 
extended VAT relief for chari- 
ties in a number of key areas 
including n on-classified news- 
paper advertising, lifts and 
distress alarms for the handi- 
capped, and welfare vehicles 
for the deaf, blind or mentally 

Mr Brophy said the tax 
relief on one-off company gifts 
would encourage medium- 
sized companies to give more 
and in five years could in- 
crease by a half the £80 
million companies now give . 
to charity. 

If- 10 per cent of the 
workforce joined payroll giv- 
ing schemes at just 5p a day 

- that, with the tax relief would 
be worth £143 million a year 
and the lifting of the limit on 
covenants could allow those 
who owned rapidly expanding 
private and closed companies 

- to make very large covenants. 


Rate cut 
very soon 

By OurCity Staff 

Home-buyers can expect an 
eta m mortgage rates very soon 
if the anticipated redaction in 
tank base rates, materializes 
today. MrRoyCox;jctahmaa 
of the BuOdiBg Societies Asso- 
ciation, said ye ste rd ay “A 
redaction this week of around 
1 per cent in hank base rates 
should lead to a corresponding 
cut in mortgage rates.” 

By Nicholas Timmins 

He said: "In five years time 
these changes could have al- 
tered the whole climate of 
giving and be worth many 
hundreds of millions of 
pounds a year to charities. It is 
up to all of os -to go after what 
is now available. It is a 
challenge to the voluntary 
sector. - 

“What we hope win not 
happen is a withdrawal of 
state support if that happens. 
The voluntary sector stands 
half way between the private 
and state sectors and needs the 
support of both”. 

In an, public sector support 
of charities amounted to 
about £2,000 million and pri- 
vate sector support £1,000 

Individual charities wel- 
comed the rfwnys while say- 
ing they were saddened that 

SP 1 

Mr Lawson had not extended 
VAT relief further. Sir John 
Cox, Director of the Spastics 
- Society, said the changes on 
tax relief for giving were 
“exciting” He said: “It gives 
the chance for shareholders to 
say to their companies why are 
you not giving more?” he said, 
and payroll giving could en- 
courage more individual 

The VAT changes were 
welcome, with the newspaper 
advertising concession worm 
about £25,000 a year to the 
Spastics Society, but “The 
Chancellor still does not seem 
to understand that we give the 
same service in schools and 
residential centres as local 
authorities but still get clob- 
bered for. VAT when local 
authorities do not pay it VAT 
on building works for residen- 
tial homes cost , us £170,000 
last year yet again local au- 
thorities do not have to pay 

The VAT Reform Group 
welcomed the concessions on 
VAT, which the Treasury 
estimate to be worth £10 
million a year. It sai<fc“1t is the 
most substantial concession 
the Chancellor has ever given 
us on the estimated VAT bill 
of £20 million to £25 million a 

Both the Arts Council and 
the Central Council for Physi- 
cal Recreation welcomed the 
tax relief changes, with the 
CCPR saying they had drafted 
a charitable youth sport trust 
deed which will enable any 
sports organisation to hive off 
its youth activities and qualify 
for the tax relief. 


Tax on lifetime 
gifts abolished 

By Lawrence Lever 

‘ Capital transfer tax on life- There will also be anti- 
time gifts to individuals was avoidance provisions to pre- 
abolished yesterday. Howev- vent people giving away 
er, - under a new title — property during their lifetime 
inheritance tax — it will still but retaining an interest in it 
appfy to gifts on death and until they die. 
lifetime gifts into discretion- However, gifts into accu- 

ary trusts. ■ mulation and maintenance 

The surprise announcement trusts — ■ broadly speaking 
will solve the problems of devices to benefit children 
majority shareholdere in pri- ondertheageof 18 — willnow 

v-v « U.U. vv, .««». vate companies disposing of be completely free of tax. This 

Wfrfa tin. mesent iriffh in- their shares-and home owners means, for instance, that a 

to »ve thor homo, grandparent am give a large 
h»bw difficult? k* “.cap 1131 taxation, to cash sum or shares to the trust 
f*?**”..*?. MBnUg their children. wind, cm be utd for the 

The Chancellor's move was 
widely regarded by the ac- 
countancy profession yester- 
day as heralding a return to 
the former estate duty tax 
which applied only on death. 
It wa s replaced in 1974 by 
CTT, which first introduced 
the concept of a tax on lifetime 

fefldmg their money at current 

rates and will be anxious to see 

an early cut in home loan 

Last night tire Abbey Na- 
tional said that a 1 per cent 
reduction in hank base rates 
coaid lead to a 0.75 per cent 
cat in mortgage rates from 1 
ApriLThe company’s market- 
ing manager, Mr Alan Dtm- 
per cent redaction from the 
tanks we might be able to 
make a small adjustment but it 
is i mporta nt for as to move 
against a fairly hard market.” 

A spokesman for the Na- 
tionwide BnSding Society said 
it was very keen to see a 
reduction in mortgage rates 
and agreed that the societies 
were looking fix a. foil .1 P® 
cent foil in tank rates. Bnt if 
bank rates only dropped by 0.5 
per cent, the society woald 
want to waft and see if there 
was a further decrease before 
it reduced mortgage rates. 


New rules for 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 

Rules «»*d guidelines for 
dealing with surpluses In con- 
naxty pension schemes woe 
announced jg the Budget. 

The Government said that 
present Intend Revenue prac- 
tice leaves many scheme trust- 
ees uncertain about the 

options open tn tl»M inretoic- 

ing smptoses, partic ularly rf 
they wirii lo make a refund to 

the employer. , .. 

It was also concerned that 
some pension schemes nay at 
present be excessively 

overfunded. , 

In fotnre, wjg 
which accepts * refimdftwn 
its pension scheme will be 

„ . 

Racing co) 

inbtnd Revenue. ^ 

. At present, refunds are By Teresa Poole 

SSLriSrf aJSnies delay appoimed that the Chancellor 
*5* has not abolished the on- 

reahzmg scheiw. o^ertibettmE duty of 

Mr Peter Leach, of Stay the accountancy firm Price 
Hayward, the accountants, Waterhouse, said: “Under the 
said: “The abolition of the tax old scheme of capital transfer 
introduces a whole new area of tax, owners of companies were 

estate planning for family 
companies, and possibilities 
for the creation of trusts to 
assist in the payment of school 

In line with the previous 
estate duty provisions, there 
will be a tapering rate of tax 
for gifts made within seven 
years of the donor’s d e a t h. Fen 
example, gifts made within 
five mid six years of death win 
be taxed at only 40 per cent of 
the full death rate charges. 

Gifts from individuals into 
discretionary trusts wiQ stiH be 
subject to tax, as before. This 
is because in many cases a 
donor making gifts into dis- 
cretionary trusts may still 
retain an interest as a benefi- 
ciary of that trust. 

family sometimes reluctant to build 
ihifi ties up their companies because 
nsts to they were concerned that they 
[school would be unable to meet the 
tax bill when they gave the 
revious shares to the next generation, 
s, there • “Now they win be better 
of tax equipped to plan the tax 
seven consequences of building up 
nh. For or pasting on their com- 
within ponies”, she said, 
ath wiD Another change announced 
cent of by the Chancellor yesterday 
ges. was. the reduction of the 
tls into cumulation period from 10 
still be years to seventy This will 
e. This mai nly be of benefit to discre- 
ases a tionary trusts and means, in 

V; -v4f\ - 'V' . ... r ■ 

s ' .** •* '•> -? «••. . r »V-- 

' ^ ■''* v. - S '*;* -;* 1 ' 


Petrol up but no 
change in car tax 

By Teresa Poole 

cash sum or shares to the trust 
which can be used for the 
children’s benefit such as their 

One of the main reasons 
why the Chancellor scrapped 
the tax on lifetime gifts is to 
encourage owners of private 
or family companies to pass 
their interests in the compa- 
nies on to the next generation. 

Miss Emma Lnbbocks, of 

Motorists face higher petrol 
prices after the Chancellor’s 
decision to increase the total 
duty by 7^p a gallon on 4 star 
petrol and 6.5p on <fiesdL If the 
whole increase Is passed on to 
the consumer, the average 
price of 4 star will rise to 
181 -8p and diesel to 182p. 

Last night Shell said it 
would pass on the increase 
when existing duty paid stocks 
are exhausted at the werttai 
BP will not make its dedcion 

until mday. 

The overall burden iff tax on 
motorists remains the same in 
real terms but the balance is 
shifted between petrol duty 
and road tax. The increase in 
duty is 2p more than taflatfan 
but there are no increases in 
the vehicle excise tax on cars 
and light vans— which stays at 
£100 — or on lorries. 

Mr Lawson said yesterday 
that he thought oil companies 
should absorb the higher rates 
of duty. “Given the very 
substantial increase in on 
companies’ margins, there is 
dearly no need for the pump 
price ni petrol to go up at alL 

Company cars 

Change in 
rule adds 
to costs 

By Hugh Clayton 

The cost ofhaving a compa- 
ny car is to rise for the second 
successive year, but this time 
changes to the 10-year-old 
rules for taxing the users of 
company cars are more 

The Government expects 
the changes to raise £50 
million in a full year. 

Mr Lawson, the Chancellor, 
said that the increases would 
still leave the value of a 
company car higher than the 
cost of being taxed for having 

The Society of Motor Man- 
ufacturers and Traders com- 
plained that the Budget 
changes were far too limited 
and showed that the Govern- 
ment had not yet realized that 
company cars were “tools of 
commerce and industry”. 

But it added that the Budget 
changes on company cars were 
so complicated that the soci- 
ety had not been able lo work 
out their impact on users. 

There are two scales of tax 
charges on users of company 
cars who are paid more than 

Indeed, ft ought to fall 

Pum p prices, which bad 
fallen by op to ISp a gallon 
since November, could have 
been 12p lower still If oil 
companies had passed on the 
full benefits of lower oil prices, 
Mr Lawson said 

Before the Budget it had 
been feared that petrol duties 
might be sharply increased by 
as much as 15p to recover from 
the ofl consumer some of the 
taxes the Government has lost 
from the North Sea. 

Government revenues in- 
crease by about £55 million for 
every lp increase in the price 
of petrol 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion said it was a “tamper 
budget” for drivers and that 
the tax changes should have 
little effect on their pockets 

The final selling price for 
petrol depends on the retail- 
ers, bat at 181.8p a gallon, 
taxes would account for 61 per 
cent of the price. This would be 
made np by 88-lp of doty and 
23.7p of VAT. 

Extra levy brings 
fear of job losses 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Cigarettes should be avail- 
able in the shops at pre-Budget 
prices for several weeks, in 
spile of recent excise restric- 
tions on the amounts that can 
be stockpiled by distributors. 

Once those stocks ran out 
manufacturers fear falling 
sales and a threat to jobs as the 
Chancellor’s impost of I lp on 
a packet of 20 cigarettes hits 
smokers. Prices of hand-roll- 
ing tobacco for making ciga- 
rettes are also going up 
proportionately by 17p for a 
25 gram pack. 

The increase means that the 
recommended retail price for 
a pack of king-size cigarettes 
will move near to. or above. 

Before the end of the year 
manufacturers may increase 
prices also, probably by at 
least 2p for 20. When ciga- 
rettes went above £1 competi- 
tion became much sharper, 
leading to a popularizing of 
cut-price lines introduced by 
supermarkets and other shop 
chains. Many of the “own- 
label” brands are manufac- 

tured abroad. 

The Chancellor's impost is 
expected to intensify the slide 
in cigarette sales. Last year, 
after a Budget increase of 6p 
on a packet of 20. sales 
declined by between 1 and 2 

However British manufac- 
turers lost more because of the 
growth in imports, mostly at 
the cheaper end of the market 
By June last vear job cuts were 
announced for Bristol, Not- 
tingham. Ipswich and Glas- 
gow. and others are still taking 
place in Northern Ireland. The 
industry has told the Govern- 
ment that every extra 1 p 
added to a pack of 20, beyond 
the 5p for inflation, could 
mean another 1,000 jobs lost. 

In the past five years 9.500 
jobs have disappeared. If 
those lost in related industries 
are taken into account the 
total is put at 60.000. 

Last year’s Budget freeze on 
cigar taxation, continued by 
the Chancellor yesterday, ap- 
pears to have slowed the 
decline in consumption. 


Low salesj 
despite 2 
amnesty | 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor f* 

The drinks trade was su£^ 
prised and delighted that fiM 
the first time in seven ye» _^ 
taxation tad not been i»-$ 
creased on any alcohol.*^ 

drinks. , 

Bnt there are still worrit V; 
that sales of many lines coalp 
stay in the doldrums. 

Scotch whisky makers rod 
gard as fragile the recovery iff 
domestic sales last year. Dui^j 
Log the loss sales decline thj : 
industry cut down on distilling 
and bottling capacity as wep 
as cutting about 3^500 jobs. % 
Sales of fortified wine^ 
especially sherry, declined 
sharply last year, with a drot 
of about a sixth against tht 
previous year. The table mu| 
boom has also been deflate*! 
with sales growth dropping 
below 10 per cent for the firs^ 
time since 1982. 

There was a fractional sale 1 
rise of less than 1 per cent ig 
the heavy wines, mainly port ? 
Overall fortified wine sahjj 
were down 16.6 per cent la: 
year. Table wines both l 1 
December and the whole i 
1985 showed a growth of onl ! 
9.5 per cent. This contrast 
with increases of a fifth c 
more during the early boom i 
table trine sales 
Sparkling wines indodin 
champagne are still the mot 
bonyant sector, showing 
1985 increase of 15 per cen 
While the wine market i 
faltering beer sales are als 
still in the doldrums, althoug 
lager sales are still risinj 
Lager accounts for 41 per cei 
of the beer market and look 
likely to grow by about 5 pc 
cent a year. 

Excise duties and VAT as 



Total tax 


— i isa l 

effect, that lifetime gifts of £8,500 a year. One is based on 
£71,000 can be m a d e free of cars and the other on cornpa- 

tax into these trusts every 
seven years. 

Inheritance Tax) — Death Rates 

Tax rate {%) 
. 45 

1385/86 scale 
over 299 

1986/87 scale 
- over 317 ■ 

Tt»tiBWW»tolDap*to«wwf«nwdeonocaf»rMareft18. 1980 

Lifetime rates of CTT have Tax on transfers In the years 
been ^abo&shed on transfers before death will be subject to 
between individuals. the following taper: 

R3te of charge on gifts within 7 Year8betwsen %offua charge 
years of death: gift & death at death rales 

Transfer on or withm 7 years w _ 

of death will be taxed on their 0-3 100 

value at the date of the gift on s-4 eo 

the death rate scale, but using ™ 

the scale in force at the date a 20 


Years between %of fid charge 
gift & death at death rates 

ny petrol which is available for 
private use. 

The first scale ranges from 
about £30 a year for the 
smallest old cars to more than 
£2,000 for the newest and 
most expensive. The scale is 
complicated by jts division 
into engine capacities at the 
lower end and car values at the 

This means that most com- 
pany car users are assessed for 
tax by engine size. Mr Lawson 
announced that the size divi- 
sions are to change to bring 
Britain into line with general 
EEC practice. The l,300cc 
division moves up to I,40Occ 
and the l,800cc to XOOOcc. 

Biases until they are paying 
father b o tax. . ^ 

The Government estimates 
that the special 40 per «nt 
worth £20®^ 

aid fl2Qnnffion a 1 sw/-*®- 

SuTtte 1 800S mlOOOcT Our Budget Commentaries have always 

Mr tawson said he would been highly praised by companies and private 
not raise the tax charges for . _ * 

company pend, but would individuals alike. 

“restructure'’ them in a year. And this year we’re offering a further 
2^ incentive for the discerning coupon-clipper, 

to single business owners as In the enterprising spirit of our founders, 
wdl as to limited companies, commissioned a survey of the top brass 

n • ■ v _ x of British business for their views ofLawson’s 

Racing concern as bet duty stays latest. 

By Teresa Poole raises £17 million a year for inside bookmakers shops our coupon s good for Britain s most 

The racing industry is dis- 1116 Excfaequer * from last week will further authoritative and perceptive Budget 

appointed that the Chancellor On-courae attendances have attendences - Commentary and the findings of our Business 

has not abolished the on- declined slightly over the past The 4 per cent duty is Onininn Survev 
course ^neral betting duty of few years but the proportion financed by successful bets as r * * r. } . 

To: Paul Morris. Binder Hamlvn. 8 St Bride Street. 
London EC4A 4DA. Telephone 01-353 3020. 

Please send me the Binder Hamlvn Budget 
Commentary, closely followed by the Binder Hamlyn 
Business Opinion Survey. 



4 per cent. 

More than 50 MPs signed a 
motion earlier this year calling 
on the Chancellor to stimulate 
attendances at racecourses by 
dropping the duty, which 

of bets made on-course rather 
than in belling shops has 
remained stable at about 10 
per cent But it is feared that 
changes in the law to allow 
televisions and refreshments 

it is charged by the bookies on No doubt you’re reaching for your scissors 

winnings and retorned stakes. ^ we spea k. 

Bets placed off-course are ^ 

taxed at the higher rate of 8 per 

Cent which is rounded up to 10 Londoa/Ayr/Bacup/Bath/BelfaKc/Burningharn/Biuv Si Edmunds/Cmyi 
per cent to cover overheads. Noicinghim/Rochdale/Saftcoais/Sheffield/Siraiiiacr/Teif 

[ ITHT ____ J 

Londoa/Ayr/Bacup/tath/BelfaKi/Burningharn/Biuv Si EdmuncU/Cmydrin/ < T)ublin' r EnnfcLil]?n 'GU*cm* /Leeds/Manrhesier 'Neucjfiile-'Xpu.TTiartcet/ 
Norcinghiin/Rochdale/Saitcoai>/ShdSdd/.Siraimicr/TeifordAVo!» rrfiampion.^nirnuiionally Binder Dijker Olte & Co. 


In ii 
is n 
It i 




























































Share tax cut • Applause from bosses 


w Royal pay up • Shares spar 


Cut in share dealing costs 
will boost competition 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

' Stamp duty on share pur- 
chases and sales is to be 
halved to 0.5 per cent with 
effect from October 27. the 
day on which fixed stock 
broking commissions are due 
to be abolished. 

The Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer said there was a 
formidable case for reducing 
stamp duty in view of the 
City's £6 billion contribution 
to overseas earnings each year. 


The move also recognized 
the Slock Exchange's need to 
compete with leading overseas 
stock markets such as New 
York arid Tokyo and the 
actions the Stock Exchange is 
itself taking towards reducing 
share-dealing costs. 

- However," the Chancellor 
also said he intended to claw 
back the loss of revenue to the 
Treasury-, estimated at £70 
million in 1 986/7, by bringing 
a number of share transac- 
tions. which are at present 
exempt from the tax, into the 
stamp duty’ net. 

- That would include dealings 
within the Stock Exchange's 
two-week account, which will 
become liable to the 0.5 per 
cent rate of stamp duty’ with 
immediate effect. 

One dealer said the effect of 
that on speculative account 
trading could be dramatic and 

called the change “a tax on the 

Traded options and futures 

will not be included in the 
wider stamp duty net Buz 
sales duty exemption on take- 
over transactions, schemes of 
reconstruction, amalgamation 
and demerger transactions, 
and most categories of loan 
stocks, is being withdrawn 
with immediate effect. 

Sales duty exemption for 
purchase by a company of its 
own shares will be withdrawn 
with effect from October 27, 
as will exemption for bearer 
letters of allotment. 

Finally, a special 5 per cent 
duty on conversion of British 
shares into American Deposi- 
tory Receipts is to be charged 
with immediate effect. ADRs 
provide a method of dealing in 
the shares of British compa- 
nies on foreign stock ex- 
changes and have been 
responsible for considerable 
loss of business to the London 
Stock Exchange in recent 

Britain at present shares 
with South Africa the distinc- 
tion of having the highest 
international rates tax on the 
sale and purchase of shares in 
the world. 

According to a recent sur- 
vey by the Stock Exchange on 
transaction taxes, London's 
largest competitor, the New 

York Stock Exchange, charges 
no transaction tax at all, and 
Tokyo charges 0.55 per cent 
on sales only. In Europe, rates 
vary from 0.35 per cent in 
Belgium to 0.0375 per cent in 
West Germany. 

Sir Nicholas Goodison, 
chairman of the Stock Ex- 
change, said: “The Stock Ex- 
change is working hard to 
meet international competi- 
tion and to help establish 
London as a major financial 

“This is the right policy for 
Britain and it would do great 
harm to this policy and to 
Britain's potential overseas 
earnings if the Government 
failed to reduce stamp duty to 
levels which are more interna- 
tionally competitive." 

The Stock Exchange also 
believes that penal stamp duty 
rates are a significant barrier 
to the Government’s aim of 
wider share ownership, adding 
greatly to transaction costs 
and encouraging the drift of 
personal savings into contrac- 
tual schemes such as life 
assurance and pensions. 

The other important trans- 
action cost, stockbroking com- 
missions, will fall sharply for 
larger deals after the “big 
bang” next October, when for 
the first time stockbrokers and 
stock jobbers will be allowed 
to change what they like for 

buying and selling shares. 

At the moment, brokers 
have to charge commissions 
according to a scale set by the 
Stock Exchange. But the ex- 
change has agreed with the 
Government to allow free 
competition from next 

Paradoxically, competition 
could mean higher charges for 
small transactions which 
some brokers argue are at 
preseat subsidized by. lucra- 
tive big institutional business. 
The reduction in stamp duty 
will allow brokers to disguise 
the extra cost of small transac- 
tions for private investors. 

The campaign for the aboli- 
tion of stamp duty is only pan 
of a broader Sto& Exchange 
strategy to encourage wider 
share ownership among 

Share ownership among pri- 
vate investors has fallen dra- 
matically in recent years 
largely because of the tax 
advantages of contractual sav- 
ings schemes, and because of 
the huge marketing success the 
building societies have 

The Stock Exchange plans 
to step up its marketing 
campaign with television 
commercials and other public- 


Tax cuts 
‘boost to 
and jobs 9 

The Chancellor has re-es: 
tabtished his radical reputa- 
tion and is back on course 
with a credible long-term 
strategy, foe Institute of Direc- 
tors said last night . 

Hailing the 1986 Budget as 
one of the most innovate and 
breathtaking budgets for a 
long time, the institute pre- 
dicted that the Chancellor has 
regained the confidence of the 
business world. 

The institute said that the 
Chancellor’s cut of ip on the 
basic rate of income tax and 
the committment to further 
tax cuts in future years would 
pul Britain back on a course 
for a period of steadily reduc- 
ing taxation towards a 25p 
basic rate. Tax cuts were the 
best long term means of 
gaining economic recovery 

“There will be an early 
boost in jobs from the 
Chancellor's package of new 
employment schemes,” the 
institute said. 

It also welcomed the tax 
relief measures to encourage 
wider share ownership as a 
“major step towards a share 
owning democracy”. It wel- 
comed the “loi Lawson” and 
said that it strongly backed the 
Chancellor's proposed profit 
sharing tax relief schemes. 

“Abolishing the gift tax will 
help many small businessmen 
to hand on their businesses to 
their children.” 

Full relief for 
Nazi victims 

The Chancellor is to extend 
full relief from British income 
tax to victims of Nazi persecu- 
tion receiving Austrian or 
West German pensions. 

The concession, thought to 
affect fewer than 5,000 people, 
is estimated to cost the Trea- 
sury about £1 million in the 
1 986-S7 tax year. 

- Up to now. most recipients 
of the statutory public service 
and social security- pensions 
payable from Austria and 
West Germany have received 
relief on half the pension paid 
in Britain, although the pen- 
sions have been completely 
tax free in Germany and 


City M3 inflation fears recede 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

City reaction to the higher 
growth rates for the broad 
money aggregate M3 was 
mainly sanguine. 

Most analysts took the view 
that allowing M3 to grow by 
11 to 15 per cent in 1986-87, 
compared with 5 to 9 per cent 
in 1 985-86. would not be 
inflationary because it was 
offset by the tighter fiscal 
stance of a Budget deficit 
reduced by £500 million to £7 

But Mr Stephen Lewis, an 
analyst at Phillips & Drew, the 
stockbroker, was worried that 

the higher M3 target might 
reawaken inflation fears 
among foreign investors. 

He said: “To come out and 
say that 1 1 to 1 5 per cent is our 
target is to take the risk that 
international investors will 
lose confidence”. He accepted 
there were technical distor- 
tions in the M3 figures, but 
suggested that another aggre- 
gate such as PSL2 plus term 
deposits could have been used 
to accommodate the distort- 

Mr Lawson said in his 
speech that the growth of 

interest-bearing deposits and 
innovations in and liberal- 
ization of the financial system 
had distorted M3. 

Laing & Cruickshank. an- 
other firm of brokers, argued, 
however, that M3 had not 
been regarded as an inflation- 
ary indicator for some time. 

Growth in the broad money 
supply could allow reductions 
in interest rates, the firm said. 
The markets would regard the 
intended cut in the Budget 
deficit as an earnest indication 
of the Government's commit- 
ment to keep inflation down. 

There was agreement that 
M0, the narrow indicator, 
whose target was lowered to 2 
to 6 per cent from 3 to 7 per 
cent was politically a better 
indicator for the Government 
But there was scepticism 
about its value as a guide to 

Several analysts pointed out 
that the stress placed by the 
Chancellor on the importance 
of the exchange rate as an 
indicator confirmed a shift 
away from reliance on mone- 
tary aggregates. 



o Heathrow 

For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back. 

More non-stop flights. Plus far and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

More than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 

«we moke the difference 

VJi.-W >1 fop rr -n't* L-*.1"*niRr\DTifl I tU iirfta-lrm Elarniitfton Td BJI-IJJWi' IVv .-VTcrt. |,i i»;->U44W, 


City relief 
on profits 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

There was surprise and 
euphoria in the City that the 
budget contained no tax on 
financial services or even an 
attack on the high level of 
salaries being paid to some 
City executives. 

Experts had feared that the 
Chancellor would strike on 
both fronts this year, particu- 
larly because of his need to 
offset the reduction in stamp 
duty on share transactions. 

The clearing banks had felt 
particularly vulnerable to a 
tax after the high profits they 
announced only two weeks 
ago. Few had expected the 
one-off “windfall” profits tax 
imposed on the banks several 
years ago but a more perma- 
nent tax had appeared likely. 

That could have taken the 
form of a tax on banking 
transactions or on consumer 
credit transactions where the 
borrower would have had to 
pay extra on top of the normal 
rate of interest charged by the 
lending company. The banks 
had said that any such tax 
would have had to be passed 
on to their customers. 

A further suggestion was 
that the Chancellor could have 
chosen to tax interest paid on 
the perpetual floating rate debt 
raised by the clearing banks 
last year. 

Instead the Chancellor 
chose to tax other areas of 
share dealing to make up for 
the cut in stamp duty. 


Shares up £3,000m 
and ‘set to soar’ 

More than £3^66 million 
was added to share values last 
night as the stock market gave 
a warm welcome to the 
Chancellor’s package. 

Some dealers said that the 
market, at record levels, could 
soar another 20 per cent this 
year, spurred by the £200 a 
m onth rax incentive to enconr- 
age small investors. 

More than half the gains in 
the market came after the 
Chancellor had started his 
speech and by the dose the FT 
index stood at a record 1374.6, 
Bp 16.9. 

The wider ranging FT-SE 
share index closed 2L& higher 
at 1644.4. 

AIIied-Lyons expressed re- 
lief rtwrf drinks had won a tax 
amnesty and closed I3p up at 
3l3p while Grand Metropoli- 
tan, in the same celebratory 
mood, added I6p at 386p, 

Stores also did well, with 
Gussies up 20p at 9Q9p and 
Boots 8p better at 279p. 

Building shares reflected 
prospect of increased activity 
in the now likely event of a 1 
per centos! in home loan rates. 

Mr Richard Jeffrey, of 
stockbrokers Hoare Govett, 
said : “I am very much in 
favour of what the Chancellor 
has done. The share markets 
going to love the personal 
equity plan mid the market 


looks setto go a lot higher -a 

20 to 2 $ per cent gain over the 
rest of the year looks IMy.” 

Mr Mike Osborne, of bro- 
kers Grieveson Grant, said : 
“It is vmy good sews for 
equities. Consumers win have 
the benefit at lower taxes 
which the market had not 

But there was a less enthusi- 
astic response from Mr Mike ■ 
Frag, of brokers Simon and 
Coates* He called harboring 

Budget” and thought the equi- 
ty plan would appeal to only a 
few thousand investors who 

were already unlikely to be 
caught up in the capital gains 

One blow for the stock 
market came with the 
Chancellor’s decision to slap a 
5 per oest stamp duty on 
trading Jb ADRs, or Anthe- 
med Depo si tory Receipts. 
These are promissory notes 
held in British companies and 
traded on ovmseas markets, 
mainly Id the United States. 

Market sources saw the 
Chancellor's step as a way of 
cbanaeUsng market business 
back into London by making 
the initial purchase exercise 
more costly ahead of the “Big 

Bang” in October. 

The company handling most 
ADR business is Morgan 
Guaranty Trust whose vice 
president, Mr Gordon Knight, 
thought tiie move would have a 
“ considerable effect ” on the 
flow of shares between Britain 
ami the US-“lt wHJ create a 

high barrier.” - 

Thou is brisk trading in 
New York in ADRs in well 
known British compatoes^ucb 
as ICL Glaxo, BP, BritoS, and 
Jaguar, where 40 per cent of 
the equity is held in ADRs in 
the United States. • 

One dealer said !“ The 
Chancellor is trying to stop 
any further leakage of bnm- 
sess out of London. 


More borrowing 
likely after cat 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor ; 

A revival in the use by small 
businesses of bank loans un- 
der the Government’s Loan 
Guarantee Scheme (LGS) is 
expected now that its cost to 
borrowers has been much 
reduced by halving the premi- 
um paid on the guaranteed 
portion of loans. 

Borrowers under the new 
scheme starting next month 
and going on for ’three years 
will pay a premium of 2.5 per. 
cent over and above the going 
rate for bank loans on the 70 
per cent guaranteed portion of 
any loans they’ take ouL : It 
means that the net premium 
on a loan win "be 1.75 per cent 

The LGS makes it posable 
for businesses to get loans of 
np go £75,000 with less securi- 
ty than is normally called for 
by the banks. 

Mr David Trippier, Minis- 
ter for Small Businesses at the 
Department of Employment, 
said he expected to see some 
“fairly dramatic” marketing 
of the new scheme from now 
on, with support from the 
clearing banks in “selling” the 
LGS to customers who could 
benefit from it 

Welcoming other Budget 
measures aimed at benefiting 
small businesses, Mr Trippier 
said: “This is a Budget for 
enterprise and jobs. It is 
recognized by the Go vern- 
ment that new jobs wQl .be 
created principally by small 

The inclusion of some ship - 
chartering in the Business 
Expansion Scheme will laigely > 
benefit the small business 
sector because coastal charter- 
ing is laigely- carried' out by 
owner skippers. 

Other measures , helpful to 
small business include the 
expansion of the Enterprise 
Allowance Scheme, including 
a once-only taxation provi- 

sion, and a trimming v of 
corporation tax for small com- 
panies to 29 per cent. 

Oranges in standard rate tax 
will also benefit many small 
businesses that are not incor- 
porated. Changes in capital 
transfer tax wul. enable -the 
principal of a snail business 
to pass it on To the next 
generation of the family with- 
out penalty. 

The LGS and capital trans- 
fer tax moves were described 
as a “tremendous shot m the 
arm” for independent busi- 
nesses by Mr Michael Gryfls, 
chairman of the Busi- 
ness Bureau. . But he -was 
disappointed that the- cefring 
for LGS loans had beenhddat 
£75,000 rather than bring 
increased to al least £l 00,000 
and preferably £250,000. 

The LGS was launched in 
June .1981. since. then-. total 
lending under the scheme has 
amounted to £530mQtion 
through 15.000 guarantees. 
Up to the middle of 1984 ft is 
estimated that 44,300 jobs had 
been created under the scheme 
at a comparatively low cost of 
£2^00 a job.. . 

. Initially, the scheme im- 
posed a premium on borrowr 
ers of 3 per cent with 80 per 
cent of loans guaranteed by 
the Government Because of a 
high failure rate the terms 
were tightened with the premi- 
um raised to 5 percent 
After that the rate of uptake 
of loans under the' scheme 
dropped sharply. At one time, 
guarantees were running, at 
330 a month or more, but 
have slid to an average of 
fewer than 50 a month. 

A £50millipn loans ceiling 
for the scheme introduced in 
December 1984 and running 
through to the end of this 
month has still not been folly 
used up. 


No help for unit trusts 

Those in the property world 
hoping to sell units in large 
and expensive office and shop 
developments have not been 
helped by the halving of stamp 
duty on share sales. Unit 
trusts have been excluded 
It will now be cheaper to put 
land and property into single 
asset property companies than 
a unit trust, riven the differen- 
tial on selling the investment. 
But advocates of unitization 
say the differential is not 
enough to make much of a 

The stock market showed 
little reaction to the Budget in 
the property and construction 

Some of the leading con- 
struction stocks put on lp or 
so on the .hopes that the 
expected 1 percent cur in 
bank base rates null material 
ize after the Chancellor’s 
speech. Any increase in con- 
sumer spending will help the 
retail property market and an 
uplift in industrial growth will 
come through in demand for 
larger and better premises. 


No change 
for those 
in poverty 

.The Budget will be a cause 
for anger and disappointment 
among Britain’s 9 mfflion low- 
paid workers, according to the 
Low PayUnit 

Income tax. changes have 
beta concentrated yci again 
on the b ett e r off. For the low 
paid, family income tax cuts 
are worth about £1.45 aweek. 
but 73p of that has been 
clawed back in the form of 
higher taxes on cigarettes and 
petroL. i 

_ The changes will have no 
effect on those id the poverty 
trap whose number has in- 
creased .five-fold Over the past 
six years from 90,000 to 
489jfoa - . 

-. The extension of the Job 
Start. Scheme and the New 
Workers Scheme is con- 
demned by the unit. Both 
schemes have been shown to 
be a monumental failure. 

There is no evidence that 
the schemes will create new 
jobs. Instead, they encourage 
the use of the kmg-tenn 
unemployed and young peo- 
ple as cheap labour substitutes 
for those already in work. 

It is a cynical attempt to 
disguise the foot that the 
Government has no real poli- 
cy for the creation of jobs. 

The unit’s director, Mr 
Chris Pond, said last night: 
“The Prime Minister bad 
promised to repay a debt to 
tiie low paid, who had seen 
their tax bills increase sharply 
under the Government The 
Chancellor - has tonight de- 
faulted on the first repayment 

. “The Budget ' will do noth- 
ing to help families in the 
poverty trap. It is a Budget for 
poverty, not a Budget for the 
poor. The. Chancellor has 
short-changed the low paid.” 

The low paid would have 
gained more if the Chancellor 
had Increased tax allowances 
by twice the rate of inflation or 
V^^fo^d a reduced rate 
oaim of 25 per cent for the low 
pad, he said. 

The emphasis, on rates- of 
wage, increases and on job 
oeation and training indicat- 
ed an approach to inflation 
that was more Keynesian than 
rne amanite 


Payment by taxpayers up 4% 

By Alan Hamilton 

The Civil List - ihe 
taxpayers' contribution to the 
running expenses of the mon- 
archy - is to rise by 4 percent 
in the coming year, m line 
with the Government’s guide- 
lines on departmental 

Total payments to members 
of the Royal Family this year 
will be £5.3 million, compared 
with £5. 1 million last year. 

Three-quarters ef the mon- 
ey goes in wages, salaries and 
pension contributions to more 
than 300 staff employed in the 
Royal Household, who will be 
awarded a 4 per cent pay rise 
from April I. 

In an effort to cut costs. 
Buckingham Palace has in the 

The ChrU List, 1988-87 

ever fast 

Amount (FOOCb) year (T 000 s) 

Queen 4,136 


Duka of Ec&nbuFBtt200.3 


Queen Mother 359.1 


Princess Anne 124.8 


Princess Margaret 1215 


Prince Andrew 28 

No change 

Prince Edward 20 

No Change 

Refunded by Quaere 
Princess Alice 4S.2 


Duke of Gloucester 87£ 


Duke of Kent 132 

5 n 

Princess Alexandra 125.8- 45 

last year introduced better and 
more efficient methods of 
budgetary control, and . has 
brought in a new computer- 

controlled food costing 
system. . 

Many- m^jor items in foe 
overall cost of monarchy, such 
as maintenance of the royal ' 
palaces and the running 'costs 
of the Royal Yacht Britannia 
and the aircraft of tire Queen’s 
High t.. are not covered by foe 
Civjl List. 

It is many years since foe 
Civil List included a personal 
allowance for foe Queen, foe 
nearest she. has ever-come to 
being paid a salary for foe job 

individual increases for 
most other members of the 
Royal Family are also held to 
a maximum of 4 per cent for 
foe coming year. 

Andrew's allowance, however 
is held at £20,000, mainiv io 

pay for secretarial help, but it 
would increase- to £35,000 in 
the event of his marriage. 

■ The Queen will be 60 next 
- month, but will not be eligible 
to draw state old age pension, 

. Oti foe other hand, she 
benefits from exemption from 
all income tax, including pay- 
ments mt° her privy purse 
the lands of tire Duchy of 
Lancaster, her principal pri- 

hL Urc t? f i ? come ’ which 
yield her about £ 1 J million a 

from those private . re. 
sgreesshe repays to the 
Tro^sttrytire cost of.providing 

SfcJ the Duke 

otKem, and Princess Alexan- 

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svw.- v 



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Westminster, City and commerce reaction 

Green Paper on tax reform 


Transferable allowances part 
of radical changes planned 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

on scheme 
to attract 

Lawson praised 
for ‘ingenuity’ 
by Tory MPs 

.The Gram Paper, The R^ 
Jorm of Persona Taxation, 
published yesterday, proposes 
radical change* in income tax, 
to be implemented, after con- 
sultation some time daring the 

The reform . has lo tax 
married women on the same 
basis as their husbands, pot 
discriminate marriage 
and the family and enable 
cost-effective increases in tax 
thresholds, according to .the 

such a way that no coaple 
would suffer a reduction in 
cash terms in their total tax 
allowances during the change. 

The ultimateaun would be 
to get to a position where two 
new-style allowances amount- 
ed to the same as the total 
allowances to a two-earner 
couple before the change. 

On 1986-87 -figures this 
would mean: 

• single people would have 
their allowance raised from 



£2335 to £2,995: 

recommended way of . • the married m a n, who was 
his is through a system the only earner m the family, 
sferable allowances, in would have his tax threshold 
^ everyone, single or raised from £3,655 to £5,990 

doing this is through a system 
of transferable allowances, in 
which everyone, - single or 
married, has a tax allowance 
in ibeir own right, the nnuwri 
portion of which is transfer- 
able, in the case of married 
couples, to the spouse. 

The report says: 

We need to move to a new 
system that taxes married 
women on the same basis as 
their husbands, and that does 
not discriminate a pine mar , 
riage and the family, and that 
enables us to increase tax 
thresholds in a more cost- 
effective way. . 

A way of meeting such 
objectives would be a new 
system of independent tax- 
ation with transferable 

Under this system everyone 
— man or woman, married or 
single — would have a tax 
allowance in their own right, 
whether or not they were in 
paid employment. 

To zerognise the shared 
responsibilities of a married 
couple, a spouse who did not 
have enough income to use up 
their own tax allowance would 
be able, if they wished, to 
transfer the balance to their 

The income of a husband 
and wife would no longer be 
added together for tax pur- 
poses, and all taxpayers would 
be able to have independence 
and privacy in their tax affairs. 

Were a system of this kind 
to be introduced, the Govern- 
ment would aim to do it in 

(assuming that his .wife trans- 
ferred her allowance to him); 

ferred her allowance to him); 
• two-earner roarriedcouples 
and married couples where the 
wife is the sole earner would 
keep the same total allowances 
in cash terms £5,990. 

The loss of revenue from 
reducing the tax burden in this 
way would depend on devel- 
opments during the period 
before the change was made. It 
would, for example, be affect- 
ed by movements in prices 
and wages and by changes in 
tax rates and allowances in the 
years letufing up to the change. 

The change itself could 
theoretically be made in one 
year, or, more realistically, it 
could be phased in over a 
number of years. The sums 
-that in any event would have 
been set aside for indexation 
of personal allowances — 
whose sixe would depend on 
the rate of inflation — could 
contribute to financing the 

ISO 142001 

Married I 

1 34 3-0 






allowances | 


300 5580 




Redaction in average rate of tax (percentage points) in 
moving from present system to present system with 
jnerrared personal allowances or transferable allowances. 

implications for the distribu- 
tional effects of the change. 
During the transitional peri- 
od, the cash allowances for 
single people and one-earner 
married couples would be 
increased instage. 

While the new system was 

The longer the period of being phased in, some taxpay- 
phasing, the smaller the revo- ers would find that their 

nue forgone by way of tax allowances remained un- 
reductions in addition to what changed in cash terms over a 

would have been required for period of a year or more. The 

indexation. - 

At the extreme the change 
could be phased in over a 
period long enough to ensure 

value of these allowances 
would therefore fell in real 
terms, with Inflation. 

The extent of these possible 

that there was no loss of real losses would depend upon 
revenue beyond what would the length of the transitional 

have been required for that period and the use made of 


any scope for overall tax cuts 

Phasing .would also have during that period. 

Working wives to lose out 

posed system of transferable 
allowances ns “severely 

Their main beneficiaries are 
non-working married women. 
Under a system -where: every 
indfridual, whether working or 
not, is allocated a single 
allowance, non-working mar- 
ried women can transfer allow- 
ances to husbands. 

Every married couple wfll 
get the equivalent of two single 
allowances. The resul t is a 
system which can be presorted 
as “bfosfuily simple, easy to 
■ndersta nd a nd, above all, 
lair”, the EFS says. 

Bat the' institute says that 
tire list of problems which such 
a system would create is long 
and daunting.” 

Transferable allowances 
will hit couples where the 
husband and wife are em- 
ployed. At present such cou- 
ples get the equivalent of 2.6 
single allowances — the mar- 
ried man's allowance plus the 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The Tn s rf ti tfe for Fiscal - wife’s earned income aflow> women would leave the labour 
Studies has criticized the pro- ance. Under the new system force - as a result . Family 
nsfexaUe t^y would get two allowances, discord is likely if the hasband 
severely losing £375 a year at 1985/86 suffers a loss of net income 


To preventfhis loss, the IPS 
says the Government will 
probably be foreedJo raise the 
tingle allowance by about 30 
per ceot, at a cost of more than 
£4 Union. 

The system, while it will be 
described as independent tax- 
ation, is not, the IFS says. It is 
identical to the present sys- 
tem, but without the wife’s 
earned income allowance, and 
with a higher married 

. Transferable allowances 
will act as a disincentive for 
wives to work. Under the 
proposed new system, wives 
will start paying tax immedi- 
ately except m the small 
minority of cases where the 
husband does not earn enough 
to nse both allowances 
. US calculations suggest 
that 200,000 working married 

discord is likely if the hashand 
suffers a loss of net income 
when his wife starts working. 

Also ,the US says, the 
system would make privacy, 
notably where one partner 
earns less than the threshold, 

These major disadvantages 
have to be set against the two 
minor advantages of abolish- 
ing explicit sex discrimination 

in the tax system and treating 
spouses with equal incomes 
id ent ical l y. 

A far better approach , the 
US says , would be to abolish 
the married man 1 !* allowance 
without intro duc i n g transfer- 
able allowances, the US says 

There would be no disincen- 
tive for married women who 
want to work and the tax 
resources released could be 
targeted to those who need it, 
most notably married couples 
with children, through a trig 
increase in child benefits. 

The decision about the 
length of the period of phasing 
cannot be taken now. It would 
be taken much nearer the 
introduction of the new sys- 
tem, in the light of economic 
circumstances at the time and 
in particular the scope for tax 
reductions. And the length of 
phasing could be altered while 
it was in progress if circum- 
stances changed. 

The Government will make 
reductions in taxation only as 
and when it is prudent to do 
so. But the firm objective is to 
reduce the total burden of 
taxation, a move to transfer- 
able allowances should be seen 
as part of that process. 

If transferable allowances 
were introduced, married 
women would be treated as 
independent taxpayers; they 
would be responsible for their 
own tax aflairs, be able to fill 
in their own tax returns, and 
to pay their own tax. It follows 
that the legislation which 
deems a married woman's 
income to be her husband's 
lor tax purposes would be 

Transferable allowances 
would give married women an 
opportunity for. complete pri- 
vacy in tax matters. Couples 
where the husband and wife 
both had income above the 
tax threshold would be treat- 
ed, in effect, wholly 

For other couples, any 
transfer of allowances would 
be wholly voluntary: people 
would not have to make any 
transfer, or they could transfer 
an amount less than the whole 
of their unused allowances if 
they so chose (accepting that 
their partner would entitled to 
less tax relief in consequence 
of their choice). 

A system of transferable 
allowances would thus reflect 
the Government's belief that a 
married woman should have 
the same right to deal with her 

own tax affairs as any other 

Transferable allowances 
would provide a means for 
recognising through the tax 
system that at different times 
and for different reasons, one 
partner in a marriage may be 
financially dependent on the 

The Government reject the 
view that the tax system 
should pay no regard to the 
special relationship and re- 
sponsibilities that exist within 
marriage. The aim is to 
recognise these in a way that is 
straightfoward. flexible, and 
does not seek to make invidi- 
ous distinctions between cou- 
ples in different circum- 

Transferable allowances 
would ensure that a couple's 
total allowances remained the 
same, and did not fall when 
one partner left paid work. 
This is often at a time when 
the couple may be under 
financial pressure. 

The Government have al- 
ready announced major pro- 
posals to strengthen and 
rationalise the support provid- 
ed for femilies with children 
through the social security 
system. Details were set out in 
the Social Security White 
Paper in December 1985. 
General support will continue 
to be provided through the 
universal, flat rate child bene- 

The Government believe 
that the tax system should not 
discriminate against famili es 
where the wife wishes to 
remain at home to care for 
young children. 

The effect of transferable 
allowances cm the willingness 
of married women to go out to 
work would need to be careful- 
ly considered. Since it would 
give everybody the same tax 
allowance, the system would 
treat married men and mar- 
ried women in exactly the 
same way. 

In principle, transferable 
allowances are neither an 
incentive nor a deterrent for 
married women seeking work. 

A change to transferable 
allowances would enhance the 
benefits of raising tax thresh- 
olds in two ways. 

• The change itself would 
reduce the tax burden on 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

couples where only one part- 
ner had a paid job. 

• Once the new structure was 
in place, thresholds could be 
raised more cost-effectively 
than under the present system. 

If transferable allowances 
were introduced, one-earner 
and two-earner couples would 
subsequently gain equally 
from any threshold increases. 

More of the benefit of 
increases in the allowances 
would go where they could be 
more effective. Transferable 
allowances could thus provide 
a more sensible — as well as a 
more straightforward — basis 
on which the Government 
could carry forward their long- 
term objective of further mis* 

ingtax thresholds. 

The Government will study 
the response to the Green 

Paper very carefully before 
deriding bow to take these 

deriding bow to take these 
issues forward, if it is decided 
to proceed, legislation for 
transferable allowances would 
then be introduced. 

There was concern and 
scepticism in the City yester- 
day as savings and investment 
institutions tried to evaluate 
the likely effects of the new 
Personal Equity Plan outlined 
in the Budget. 

Bankers and building soci- 
ety managers agreed that the 
scheme would increase compe- 
tition for retail deposits which 
has already escalated rapidly 
over the last year. 

However, institutions were 
playing down the impact Mr 
John Bayliss. general manag- 
er of the Abbey National 
Building Society, said: “It will 
affect our deposit receipts a 
bit but bow attractive will the 
plan be to the man in the 

“If it only attracts the more 
financially aware investors we 
would not expect to lose large 
amounts of deposits.* 1 

He said that societies conld 
make np lost retail deposits by 
borrowing more from the 
wholesale money markets. 

The Halifax, the largest 
building society, said that 
there was no comparison be- 
tween boQding society depos- 
its where the capital was 
secure, and an equity invest- 
ment where it was not. A 
spokesman said: “There is no 
substitute for the security of a 
building society investment” 

Mr Mark Boleat, deputy 
general secretary of the Build- 
ing Societies Association, 
said: “Societies wifl want to 
offer personal equity plan 
accounts and earn fee income 
by acting as plan managers. 
They can offer easy regular 
transfers of money from de- 
posit accounts to equity ac- 
counts, but It is not dear 
whether the new bonding soci- 
eties legislation will enable 
societies to act as agents 
managing people's shares.” 

There was doubt among 
building society managers yes- 
terday that clauses conld now 
be added to the bill, which has 
reached its third reading in 
Pachament, to allow societies 
to act as plan managers. 

Bankers agreed that the new 

scheme would intensify the 
war for retail deposits as more 
money went .into the stock 
market, but they are better 
placed than building societies 
to offer share management 

“The whole thing is a 
tremendous damp squib,” said 
Mr Tim Miller, chief execu- 
tive of Framlington Unit Trust 

“Since there is no tax relief 
on the initial investment it is 
far less attractive than share 
schemes in other countries. In 
any case investors get a tax- 
free limit of £6300 on capital 
gains which severely reduces 
the attractiveness of the tax 
arrangements in the new 

He said the scheme would 
only appeal to the rich who 
had already used up their tax 

Mr Roger Jenkins, market- 
ing manager of M & G 
Securities, said that if unit 
trusts were not included as 
eligible vehicles under the new 
scheme unit trust companies 
would lobbying the Govern- 
ment to have them included. 

By Philip Webster, 

Conservative MPs praised 
Mr Nigel Lawson Iasi night on 
what they described as a 
skilful and ingenious Budget, 
ahhough there was criticism 
from some at the lack of 
measures io bring down 

Mr Neil Kinnock. speaking 
in the Commons immediately 
after the Chancellor, de- 
nounced it as a “bits-and- 
pieces Budget” and a promise 
of “jam tomorrow”, criticisms 
that were echoed by the 
leaders of the other opposition 

But Mr Lawson, who was 
accorded a warm reception 
when he went to a meeting of 
the Tory backbench finance 
committee after his Budget 

speech, was generally held to 
have made the best use of the 
limited rsources at his dispos- 
al and appeared to have been 
given the benefit of the doubt 
even by some of his customary 
critics on the Tory side. 

Relief rather than ecstasy 
was reported to have been the 
predominant mood of back- 
benchers at the meeting. 

Mr Terence Higgins, chair- 
man of the all-party Treasury 
and Civil Service Select Com- 
mittee. described the Budget 
as “extremely ingenious, giv- 

Dr Owen, who said it was a 
Budget for the South, not the 

en the feet that he had no 
money to play with” An 
enormous amount of thought 
rather than money had gone 
into the proceedings, he add- 

Sir William Clark, chair- 
man of the Tory finance 
committee, described it as a 
wealth-creating Budget the 
background to which was 
extremely encouraging. De- 
spite the loss of revenue from 
North Sea oil, the buoyancy of 
the non-oil economy was 

Mr John Townend, y ice- 
chairman of the committee, 
said: “It is amzing what he has 
been able to do despite the 
decline in oil revenues. He 
bad very little room for ma- 
noeuvre, but I think he will 
have pleased the party and 
that it will go down well in the 

But there were reservations 
from some MPs, expressed in 
the finance committee and 

Political Reporter 

outside, that the Chancellor 
had not done more about 
unemployment. Although 
some welcomed the Ip cut in 
income tax, which surprised 
the back benches almost as 
much as the decision on petrol 
duty, others felt it could have 
been better used. ■ 

Sir Peter Tapsell. MP for 
Lindsey East, was one of £j 
several MPs who argued that 
Mr Lawson should have given E 
himself more leeway by allow- ® 
ing a higher public sector m 
borrowing requirement. - jg 
Mr Robert McCrindle, Con- | 
servative MP for Brentwood j| 
and Ongar, said he was disap- 1 
pointed. His test for the p 
Budget was what it did for S 
employment in a direct sense, s 
“I am sorry to say it does very ff 
little.” 0 

The lp cut sounded ^ 
dramtic. he said: nobody ^ 
would be inclined to turn it 1 
down. But the available limit- t 
ed resources should be have * 
been devoted to improving 
the employment situation, a 
“To that extent it is something , 
pf a missed opportunity." 

Tory MPs on the right , 
enthused about the Budget, j 
some describing it as brilliant. ! 
Mr John Carlisle. MP for 
Luton. North, said it was a 
“great fillip for disillusioned 
Conservatives - a clever Bud- 
get politically and 

Mr Kinnock said it was a 
puny Budget, a sideshow Bud- 
get that offered nothing for the 
poor. Mr Lawson . he said, 
still had to reduce txation by 
another 5p to get it down to 
the level it was in 1979. 

it offered nothing for the 
poor, he added. It was a 
“fudge-it" Budget from a gov- 
ernment that had worn away 
the industrial base of the 
natipn and wasted huge 
amounts in a rake's progress 
financed by oil revnue.“These 
have been the wasted years, 
the locust years." 

Dr David Owen, the Social 
Democrat leader, described it 
as a Budget for the election 
rather than for the future, a 
Budget for the South rather 
than the North. He said it did 
nothing to heal the divisions 
in the country; if anything it 
exacerbated them. 

For the Liberals. Mr David 
Penhaligon said that the 
Govemement had decided 
that, politically, "it can live 
with three million 

The director general of the 
Association of British Cham- 
bers of Commerce, Mr Ron 
Taylor, said: “Why no action 
on interest rates? We see no 
reason why base rates should 
not be cut tomorrow by at 
least one percentage point: if 
this does not materialize, the 
Chancellor’s Budget package 
will swiftly go sour. 

“The fall in oil prices may 
have put the Chancellor in a 
bit of a jam; be has managed 
to make it go quite a long way, 
particularly for small firms. 
For example, the extension of 
the loan guarantee scheme and 
the reduction in the premium 
from 5 per cent to 2 ‘6 per cent, 
is even more than we asked 
for. The scheme will now 
become a very attractive 
source of finance for small 


Foreign performers to 
be taxed at source 

The earning of foreign 
stage ami screen performers 
and sportsmen and women 
working in Britain are to be 
subject to income tax at basic 
rates piid at source from next 
year, the Chancellor, an- 
nounced (David Hewson, Arts 
Correspondent, writes)./ 

Tenni s stars such as Boris 
Becker, Martina Navratilova 
and John McEnroe arc some 
of the highest, earners to be 
affected. This year’s Wimble- 
don will be the last tax-free 

Sports figures believe that 
tennis players compete at 
Wimbledon principally for the 

The measure will bring the Wimbledon principally rarue 
country in line with the way name_of the tournament and 
Briti^pSfonners arc treated the effects winning it can have 

Lawson added, and raise an 
estimated £75 million a year. 

The changes will mean that 
this will be the last year m 
which a wide range of familiar 
sports and show business az- 
ures can work m Britain 

without paying m- 

Performers who would be 

The changes will also affect 
racing drivers, golfer® and 
high-earning players in other 
sports such as snooker where 
players such as the Canadian 
Cliff Thorbum can pick up 
sizeable purses. 

The entry of foreign per- 
formers into Britain is already 

elude the singer Madonna, 
who is finishing a new film m 
Britain, the singer _ Liza 
Minelli, who is appearing m 
London in her own dm"" 
the regular round ot Uo 
stars such as Bruce Spring- 
steen whose concerts earn 
millions of pounds. 

Martina Navratilova* 
faces a taxed Wimbledon. 

issue of work permits and 
restrictions imposed by .the 
actors' union Equity, which 
normally demands reciprocal 
arrangements before allowing 
foreign artists to appear. 

Mr John D. Webber, senior- 
vice president of IMG, which 
represents many, foreign 
sports personalities, said that 
the tax had been expected for 
some time, and matched the 
practices of most other West- 
ern countries. . . 

“I don’t think it will dis- 
suade people from playing 
here, but there may be a few 
who aren’t happy about iL The 
Revenue has been talking 
about -these changes for some, 
time now so they don’t come 
as a surprise- • 

"If you win a. golf tourna- 
ment in America you Lose a 30 
per cent witholdjng taxon the 
prize at source, asdthafs the 

case in most places - 

WeVe been watching with interest 
the excitement over recently announced 
price reductions of cellular telephone 

You've probably noticed yourself how 
keen they are to sell you their mobile 
cellular telephones at "bargain" prices. 

You might even have begun to believe 
they offered unbeatable value for money. 

On a simple price basis alone, they 
cannot beat Unique-Air. And our 
equipment is at least as good as anything 
they have on offer? we even provide a 
2 year warranty on our Class 1 mobile 
equipment at no extra cost. 

Furthermore, they can't measure up 
to the back-up service we provide for 
purchasers of our equipment 

Through the resources of AT&T, the 
pioneers of cellular communications, 
and the automotive engineering 
experience of Unipart, we've been able to 
devise a service that's way ahead of 
everyone else's. 

The end 

arrange for fully trained fitters to install 
and maintain our equipment at any of the 
specialist installation centres we have 
spread across the country. And we have 
more of them than anyone else. 

Through the same Customer Care 
Centre, we're able to personally deal with 
all queries and are unique in providing a 
monthly billing format individually 
tailored to each customer's need (a 
feature of our service that's the envy of 
our competitors). 

All this is included as a standard part 
of our monthly charge and we don't even 
have a minimum call charge. 

In other words, not only do we 
match the competition on price, we beat 
them all the way down the line, as 
you'll discover if you call our Customer 
Service Centre now on 
0865 716768 . 

T'aT'a T‘ a Y'a 

/ f ' r f t r /* t; r *t .> ■/* 

A •▼.A ” A -• • -f- 

That’s why. for instance, we felt it 

important to have our own special 

Customer Service Centre. 

Through the Centre, we're able to 




In b 
is n 


It < 






















































irxci>UiXjt j' 

Trie YiMtS VVii.£>iNeSI>AY MARCH i»dQ_ 

March 18 1986 

Upswing continues 


Success of industry 

Price of oil 

Lawson looks back 

over time of growth 

and expansion 


The background to Oils year’s 
Budget is the dramatic and 
unprecedented fall in the world 

00 price. 

But the Goreranenft 
objectives remain unchanged: 
The conquest of In fl atio n and 

the creation of an enterprise 


And the Government** 
policies are na cha n ged . too: 
Policies of soun d money and 
free markets. 

Not least, because these are 
the only rentes to more jobs, 
and jots that last. 

So my Budget today win 
carry forward the thanes of my 
two previous Budgets, and sow 
some seeds for the future. 

In the course of my speech I 
shall begin by reviewing the 
general economic background 
to the Budget, and gq on to 
deal with the specific issue of 

I shall next discuss monetary 
policy and the fiscal prospect, 
both this year and next 

I shall then turn to the 
question of direct help for the 

Finally, i shall propose some 
changes in taxation designed to 
assist in achieving the 
economic objectives 1 have 
already outlined. 

As usual, a number of press 
releases, filling out the details 
of my proposals, will be 
available from the Vote Office 
as soon as I have sat down. 

1 start with the economic back- 

The strength and durability of 
the current economic upswing 
continues to confound the com- 

We can now look back to five 
solid years of growth at around 3 
per cent a year. 

Even more important 1985 
was the third successive year in 
which we secured the elusive 
combination of steady growth 
and low inflation — the first time 
this has been achieved since the 

In 1983 as a whole, output 
grew by a further 316 per cent 
the highest rate of growth in the 
European Community, and 
higher than the United States, 

Within that total non-oil ex- 
ports grew by 7 per cent to reach 
yet another all-time record. 

Despite a marked slowdown 
in the growth of the world trade 
from the beady pace of 1984. the 
current account of the balance of 
payments was in surplus for the 
sixth year in succession - this 
lime by some £3 billion. 

Inflation ended the 
around 5Vi per cent and 

Employment continued to 
rise, though still not fast enough 
to reduce the distressingly high 
number of people out of work. 

1 shall have more to say about 
unemployment later. 

year at 
I felling. 


Success of 


Manufacturing industry, the 
subject of so much ill-informed 
comment, had another su cces s- 
ful year, with its output up by 3 
pa ant, its productivity op by 
almost 4 pa ant, and both its 
investment and its exports op by 
6 per cent. 

At the heart of this success 
lies a remarkable tnra-aroond in 

productivity. In the six years 

prior to 1979. Britain's annual 
rate of growth of manufacturing 
productivity, at less than 1 pa 
cent, ms die lowest of Group of 
Five major industrial natio ns. 

In the six years since 1979, 
oar annual rate of growth of 
mannfectDring productivity, at 
3** pa cent, has been second 
only to that of Japan. 

Looking ahead. 1 expect 1986 
to be a further year of steady 
growth with low inflation. In- 
deed, with ootpnt forecast to rise 
by 3 pa cent, and inflation to faU 
by 3 j 5 pa cent, 1986 is set to 
register our best overall perfor- 
mance in toms of output and 
inflation for a generation. 

The pattern of growth should 
show a satisfactory balance, too, 
with exports and investment 
expected to grow rather faster 
than consumer spending - as 
indeed they have during the 
sustained upswing as a whole. 

But the uneeminities inher- 
ent in all these forecasts, good 
though their trace record has 
been, are reinforced by constant 

reminders that we live in an 
uncertain and turbulent world. 

One particularly difficult as- 
pect of this is the febrile nature 
of the world currency markets. 

There has been some 
improvement here. The Plaza 
Agreement between the Group 
of Five finance ministers last 
September has undoubtedly led 
to a more sustainable pattern of 
exchange razes worldwide: 

Since that meeting, the dollar 
has DtUeo by some 16 per cent 
against the other major cur- 
rencies as a whole, with the 
pound moving up by 7 per cent, 
the Deutschmark by 26 pa cent 
and the yen by 36 pa cent - a 
pattern broadly in line with 
what those of us who were party 
to the Agreement had hoped to 

This process will be assisted 
further if the passage of the 
Gramm- Rudman amendment 
succeeds in securing its objec- 
tive of a much-needed reduction 
in the United States budget 

Meanwhile, the Plaza Agree- 
ment has already succeeded in 
reducing, at least for the time 
being, the dangerous protec- 
tionist pressures (hat were build- 
ing up in the United Slates. 

Provided wc are not over- 
ambitious, I believe that the 
Plaza Accord is something we 
can usefully build on. 

the most dramatic 
development on the world eco- 
nomic seme, and one of consid- 

erable importance to this 
country, has of course been the 
Collapse in the price of oiL 

Recalling that he had pre- 
sented his last Budget at the end 
of a 12-month coal strike, Mr 
Lawson went on: 1 observed at 
the time it was a remarkable 
tribute to the underlying 
strength of the British economy 
that it had been able to with- 
stand so long and damaging a 
strike in such good shape. 

We now have to face a 

challenge of a very different 
kind. Ova the past few months 
the price of oil has almost 
halved and with it our prospec- 
tive North Sea oil tax revenues 
and earnings from oil exports. 
In real terms, the price is now 
back to what it was at the end of 

Not surprisingly, perhaps, this 
initially causal a fair amount of 
turmoil in the financial markets 
with sterling under pressure. 

I decided that it was right to 
respond with an immediate I 
pa cent rise in short-term 
interest rates in early January, 
and this helped to prevent the 
downward movement of the 
exchange rate from developing 
an unhealthy momentum of its 

But equally, f thought it right 
to resist the pressure, which fora 
time was very strong indeed, to 
raise interest rates still further. 
That pressure in due course 
subsided. And though the 
finarial markets remain some- 
what volatile the mood has 
changed considerably, assisted 
by a modest by welcome reduc- 
tion in interest rates overseas. 


No question 
of cutback 

Meanwhile, let me repeat that 
there is no question whatever, 
and never has been any question, 
of the UK cutting back its oil 
production in an attempts to 
secure a higher oil price. 

In the fust place, the whole 
outstanding success of the North 
Sea has been based on the fact 
that it is the freest oil province in 
the world, in which decisions on 
levels of output are a matter for 
the companies and not for the 

And in the second place, we 
are not only, or even principally, 
a major oil producer, we are also 
a major world producer and 
trader of other goods and ser- 
vices. and a major oil consumer. • 

There is no overall UK. na- 
tional interest in keeping oil 
prices high. 

I am. of course, aware that a 
report, recently published in the 
House of Lords, and which 
attracted a certain amount of 
publicity at the lime, predicted 
that “As the oil revenues dimin- 
ish the country will experience 
adverse effects which will 
worsen with time*’ —effects ofa 
most alarming nature. 

Had the authors of that report 
dreamed at the time that half the 
revenues were about to dis- 
appear within a matter of 
months, their conclusions 
would no doubt have been even 
more apocalyptic. 

As the House knows. J have 
always believed their analysis, 
which was widely shared by the 
Opposition, to be profoundly 
mistaken. But certainly, it is 
going to be put to the test sooner 
than anyone expected. 

The UK is likely to remain an 
oil producer, of a gradually 
diminishing volume of oil, for 
the next 23 years or so. 

If we can survive unscathed 
the loss of half our North Sea oil 
revenues in less than 25 weeks, 
then the prospective loss of the 
other hall over the remainder of 
next 25 years should not cause 
us undue concern. (Laughter) 

It is of course true that in 
relative terms we do lose from 
the collapse of the oil price. That 
is to say the really big gains will 
be made by the major non-oil- 
producing countries such as 
Germany and Japan, where 
growth will be boosted and 
inflation, already low. is likely 
to fail virtually, to zero. . . . 

And inevitably we- suffer a 
decline in the value of our next 
oil exports. 

But the oil price fell will be 
beneficial for the industrialized 
world as a whole, and even for 
the United Kingdom what we 
gain on the swings should, over 
time, more than offset what we 
lose on the roundabouts. (La- 
bour laughter and cry of “We are 
in the fairground now".) 

in particular. I expect that the 
levels of economic activity and 
inflation will if anything be 
slightly belter than they would 
have been without the oil price 


Britain’s £90b 


And wiut of the balance of 

Thanks to the abolition of 
exchange controls in 1979, we 
have been able to use a good part 
of our earnings from North Sea 
ml since then to build op a 
massive stock of overseas assets. 
(Labour protests and cry of 
“Jobs overseas”.) 

Oar net overseas assets hare 
in fact risen more than sevenfold 
from £12 billion at the end of 
1979 to almost £90 billion at the 
end of last year. 

This is a for bigger total than 
that possessed by any other 
major nations, with the perhaps 
inevitable exception of Japan. 

The earnings from those as- 
sets will be of increasing value to 
our balance of payments in the 
years ahead. 

So. too. should the improve- 
ment in our manufacturing 
trade balance. 

For while the- British econ- 

omy may not gain a great deal 
overall as a result of the oil price 
collapse, there will be consid- 
erable differences within the 

The major potential benefi- 
ciary wiU Ik the international 

trading sector of industry in 

D and manuf3Ciunng in 

particular, which is already 
enjoying both lower oil costs 
and a Iowa exchange rate 
against most of its major 
competitors, at a time when 
inflation is felling. 

This provides British i ndust ry 
with an outstanding opportunity 
both to increase its exports and 
to reduce import penetration in 
the home market. 

Bat it will only be able to seize 
that opportunity if it meets two 

First, it most keep firmer 
control of its labour costs. 

Second, it most spend more of 
its much healthier level of 
profits on investing for the 
future in research and develop- 
ment and in training. 

Both the opportunity, and the 
responsibility to see that it is not 
thrown away, rest (airly and 
squarely on the shoulders of 
British management 

Meanwhile, despite the mas- 
sive fell in oil prices, I expect the 
current account of the balance of 
payments to remain in sizeable 
surplus this year, by some £3.3 

As I have indicated, there will 
be pluses and minuses within 
the economy. 

If industry is the main gainer, 
the main loser, at least today, is 
the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer. (Labour laughter) I can 
live with ihaL (Continued 

But it docs mean that North 
Sea oil revenues, which are 
likely to amount to some £1 1.3 
billion for 1985-86. are bound to 
be very much less in 1986-87. 

Indeed, on the assumption of 
an average North Sea ofl price 
for the rest of this year of 515 a 
barrel - which Is dose to the 
average published price for the 
past month of around $16 a 
barrel - ofl revenues In 1986-87 
will be virtually halved at some 
£6 billion. 

This has obvious implications 
for the Budget 

But the important feet is that, 
just as we successfully weath- 
ered a year-long coal strike, so 
we have been able to take the 
unprecedented collapse in the 
oil price in our stride. 

We have been able to do so, 
first, because of the underlying 
strength of the economy in 
terras of growth, inflation and 
the external account (Labour 

And, second, by virtue of the 
reputation we have earned ova 
seven years for sound and 
prudent financial management 




The framework within which 
that sound and prudent financial 
management has been pursued 
and will continue to be pursued 
is the Government's medium 
term financial strategy. 

It provides as firm a guarantee 
against inadequate money de- 
mand as it does against exces- 
sive money demand. 

At the heart of the MTFS Iks 
the objective of steadily reducing 
the growth of total spending 
power in the economy, as mea- 
sured by GDP in cash terms, at a 
pace tint will gradually squeeze 
inflation out of the system while 
at the same time leaving ade- 
quate room for sustained growth 
in real output- That we have 

Over the past six years the 
rale of growth of money GDP 
has been halved and a further 
significant reduction is envis- 
aged for 1986-87. This has 
brought about a combination of 
- low inflation and steady growth. 

We shall continue to maintain 
steady downward pressure on 
inflation. That means above all 
controlling the growth of money 
m the economy. 

Last year 1 set target ranges of 
3 to 7 pa cent for narrow 
money. MO. and 5 to 9 per cent 
for broad money, M3. During 
1985-86 the targeted measure of 
narrow money has grown to- 
wards the bottom end of its 

range- The target range for next 
be 2-6 pa cent, as 

year will _ r _. _ 

foreshadowed in last year's 

For broad money it has been 
dear since the autumn that the 
range was set too low. Through- 
out the 1980s, and in sharp 
contrast to the 1970s. broad 
money has grown far fester than 
money GDP. Experience has 
demonstrated that this has not 
posed a threat to inflation. 

This rapid growth largely 
reflects the increased attractions 
of holding interest bearing 
deposits, at a time both of low 
inflation and high real interest 
rates, and of innovation and 
liberalization in the financial 
system. Accordingly. I am set- 
ting next year's target range for 
broad money well abo ve th at 
indicated in last year's MTFS, at 
a 11-15 per cent. 

Given the experience of the 
past six years. I believe that this 
is not only a more realistic 
range, but one which is wholly 
consistent with the further de- 
cline in inflation 1 intend to 


Priority of 
sound money 

Short term interest rates are 
the essential instrument of 
monetary policy. Changes In 
interest rates have a reasonably 
quick and direct effea on narrow 


dona! phase and comes 
into force next month. " 

From them on the Untied 
Kingdom will have, at 35 per 
. cent, the lowest rate of corpora- 
tion tax of any major industrial 

This year I' have only two 
further amendments to make. 
First, I propose to ensure a pul 
measure of depreciation for tax 
purposes for short lift agri- 
cultural buildings and works by 
giving the taxpayer the option or 

making balancing adjustments 
on the sale of destruction of such 

Second, -J propose- to reform 
the mines and oti write allow- 

omit the Business Expansion 
Scheme more carefully. I pro- 
pose to improve it. BES shares 
issued after today will be en- 
tirely fiw of Capital Gains Tax 
on their first sate. 

And as K further measure of 
help for small and sew bust- 
poses, the Loan Guarantee 
gffrfw wg, soda which the Cov- 
enun«t guarantees 70 per cent 
of qaahlyifig jbank loans will 
also be exteukd, in this case for 
a farther three yean. The House 
wfll be glad to barn that (he 
premiu m wifi be halved Cram S 
per cent to 2% paces*, . 

My tel proposal m this 
section concerns Capital Trans- 

Jufj^s consultative document. 

. overall net benefit of this 
to the industries concerned wifi 
amount to £43 million in 1987- 
88. . .. ' . * 
Otherwise i propose only 
minor technical changes to the . 
taxation of North Sea oil. But I 

investment under review and 
shall not hesitate to introduce at 
the earliest opportunity any 
changes which may prove nec- 
essary to ensure tint worthwhile 
rejects are not frustrated by the 

money, as they do on the 
exchange rates. Their effect on 
broad money Is more complex 
and much mote delayed. As 
explained in the red book, there 
is thus an important difference 
in the operational significance of 
the targets for narrow and broad 

Needless to say I shall con- 
tinue to monitor the evidence of 
other financial indicators, of 
which the most important is the 
exchange rate. I will say no more 

about monetary policy today, 
except what 1 

keeping borrowing low. 


The outturn for the public 
sector borrowing requirements 
in 1984/85, which had to bear 
the bulk of the cost of resisting 
the coal strike, was £10 billion, 
or just over 3 pa cent of GDP. 

In my Budget last year I 
planned to reduce it substan- 
tially in 1985-86 to £7 billion, or 
2 pa cent of GDP. In the event, 
despite the loss of £2 billion of 
North Sea oil revenue, this 
year’s PSBR looks like turning 
out at a little under £7 billion 
given thai the total for the first 
1 1 months comes to under £3 

This successful outcome 
which represents the most 
successful reduction in the 
PSBR as a proportion of GDP 
since 1981-82 is attributable to 
two factors. 

First public expenditure has 
been kept under firm controL 
Not only is the outturn likely to 
be within the planning total but 

spending in 1983-86 is expected 
be below 

Others would claim that since 
the sharp drop envisaged in oil 
revenues is more than double 
the rise in privatization pro- 

ceeds, a higher figure would be 
s last 

appropriate. As last year, my 
judgement is that the wisest 
course is to stick broadly to our 
pre-announced figure. But given 
the uncenaioities ova the oil 
price. I have decided, within 
that framework, to err on the 
side of caution and provide for a 
PSBR of £7 billion, or i.75 pa 
cent of GDP. 

Needless to say, this does not 
enable me to reduce taxation by 
anything like the £3.5 billion 
foreshadowed in last years 
MTFS. Indeed, given the as- 
sumed loss of more than £5 
billion of oil revenues in 
1986/87 compared with what 
was envisaged a year ago, 1 
would have expected to have to 
increase taxes in this year’s 

However, not only have the 
tax revenues this year from the 
95 per cent of the economy that 
is not oil proved to be notably 
buoyant but there is every sign 
that this will continue into 
1986/87, assisted by a ratha 
higher rate of economic growth 
than was foreseen in last year's 


Pay levels 

This continued rigour Of the 
non-North Sea economy, which 
is likely to add more than £3 
billion to expected non-North 
Sea tax revenues, coupled with 
public spending which remained 
under firm control, has trans- 
formed, what might have been a 
bleak prospect. As a result I am 
able this year to accommodate a 
relatively modest reduction in 

the real harden of taxation of a 
shade natter £1 billion. 

it may well be that the ofl 
price turned out to be different 
from the average ofSlS a barrel, 
which I have assumed for this 
year’s Budget But if any depar- 
ture is purely short term, it is 
most unlikely to have any 
significance for policy. 

immediate nature to help the 

In my Budget last year 1 
announced the Government's 
intention to launch a new two- 
year youth training scheme. 

I need to set the 1987-88 or 
and fiiel benefit scale charges for 
those with company cars. 

At the same time the motor 
industry has represented to me 

that the discrepancy between the 

engine break points in these 
scales and the break points in 
the new European Community 
directive on car exhaust emis- 
sions is potentially da m a g i n g to 
its international competitive- 

Accordingly I propose, from 
April 1987, to change oar break 
points to those is -the new 

At the same time, as last year, 
I propose to increase the 
(restructured) car benefit stale 
10 per cent. This will 

still leave the scale charges wefi . death and provisions to charge 
short of the true value of the . gifts made with reservation: and 

leading to recognized vocational 

q ualificati ons. The new and 


The fuel scale win abo be 

expanded YTS wifi duly come restrucuu^bmtbercwiabeno 
into operation next month. It geacral mcrease m tbe charges; 

said al the 
Mansion House Iasi autumn: 
that while financial liberaliza- 
tion and innovation have in- 
evitably made the process of 
monetary management more 
complicated, there has been no 
change whatever in the essence 
of policy. The Government 
continues to attach the highest 
priority to sound money. 

There is nothing sacrosanct 
about the precise mix. monetary 
policy must always be supported 
by an appropriate fiscal polity. 
That means in plain English 

to be below the previous year's 
level in real terms even after 
allowing for the effects of the 
coal strike. 

And the second factor behind 
the successful PSBR out turn for 
1985-86 is that the £2 billion 
shortfall in oil revenues has 
been offset by the increased 
buoyancy of non-oil revenues,, 
reflecting a healthy economy 
and an increasinly profitably 
corporate sector. 

Last year’s MTFS indicated 
PSBR for 1986-87 of £7.5 
billion, or 2 pa cent of GDP. 
Some would argue that in the 
light of the £2.5 oiUion increase 
in projected privatization pro- 
ceeds I ought to aim well below 

It is a problem that can be 
solved - and there is no secret 
about how. The solution to the 
problem of unemployment, and 
it is the only solution, requires 
progress on two key fronts. 

The first is a sustained 
improvement in the perfor- 
mance of business and industry 
and thus of tbe eco n om y as a 
whole. That is what every aspect 
of the Government's economic 
policy has been designed to 
assist and it is already achieving 
impressive results. 

Tbe second is the level of pay 
which enables workers to be 
priced into jobs instead of 
pricing them out of jobs, and 
which in particular ensures that 
British industry can hokl its 
own against our major indus- 
trial competitors. 

It is here that Britain’s weak- 
ness lies. For tbe plain feet is 
that labour costs per unit of 
output in British business and 
industry continue to rise fester 
than is consistent with low 
unemployment and festa than 
our principal competitors over- 

Productivity is, indeed, rising 
quite rapidly. But pay is rising 
faster stilL It is this- and not our 
alleged dependence on oil - that 
constitutes the Achilles bed of 
the British economy. And in a 
free economy, as the CBI has 
frankly ana com mends bly 
acknowledged, it is the 
responsibility of employers and 
management to control 
industry’s cost structure in gen- 
eral and its wage costs in 

In the new and improved 
climate of industrial relations, 
and with inflation felling and set 
to fell further, there can be no 
excuse for failure to discharge 
that responsibility. 

will be a giant step towards our 
objective of ensuring that no 
youngster under the age of 18 
need be unemployed. 

I also announced in. last year's 
Budget a substantial expansion 
of tbe community programme 
to help the tong-term un- 
employed -those who have been 
out of work for ova a year or, in 
the case of those between 18 and 
24. for more than six months. 

and as from April 1987 the same 
scale will also be used to assess 
tbe VAT due on petrol used by 
registered traders and their 

This will be simpter and mare 

equitable than the present sys- 

oring hi 

The community programme 
for up to 

which offers work for up to a 
year of projects of benefit to foe 
community, is currently provid- 

tem and will also 
extra £40 million of revenue in 

1 proposed to increase foe 
VAT threshold to £20^500. in 
lure with the maximum permit- 
ted under existing European 
Community law. . 

tire regime for trusts, which is 
needed as a protection for the 
death charge, will be kept 

• / - The cost of abolishing foe tax 
on lifetime giving will- be £35 
miBion in- 1986-87 and £55 
minion ib 1987-88:' 

In reeogmtion of the radically 
*■ hanpp d nature, of the tax 1 have 
decided to rename it foe Inher- 
itance Tax. ■ • 


Taxation of 


Rigidity of 

pay system 

I have, however, conside red 
whether there is anything far- 
ther foe Government can do to 
assist this ova tbe longer term. 

The proMem we face m this 
cotmery b not jast the level of 
pay in relation to predodrvity, 
bat also the rigidity of the pay 
system. If the only element of 
flexibility is in the man bos of 
people employed, then redun- 
dancies are more likely to occur. 

.One way out of this, might be 
to move to a system to which a 
significant proportion of an 
employee's remuneration de- 
pends directly on the company's 
profitability pa person em- 

This would not only give the 
workforce a more direct pa- 
sonal interest in tbeir company’s 
success, as existing employee 
share schemes do, it would also 
mean that when business is 
slack companies would be under 
less pressure to lay men off and 
by the same token they would in 
general be keener to take them 

have agreed with the Sec- 
retary of State for Employment 
to provide the funds to raise foe 
eventual target for this year to 
255.000 places — very nearly 
double the number that existed 
a year ago. At foesame time, the 
average wage limit for the 
community programme will be 
raised to £67 a week for next 

Last November the Se cre t a r y . - 
of State for. Employment an- 
nounced two pitot schemes to 
provide further help for foe 
long-term unemployed. These 
new initiatives, which began in 
January, are a counselling 
scheme open to an tbe long-term 
unemployed in the pilot areas 
and a Joostart allowance of £20 
a week for six months for those' 
long-term unemployed who lake 
a job at less than £80 a week. 

These, pitot schemes are al- 
ready producing results. And I 
have accordingly decided to 
provide the funds to develop 
them into a single programme 
covering the entire country. 
This means that every jingle one 
of the long-term unemployed 
throughout tbe land will be 
called for an interview and 
offered help in finding a job. 

I shall also be providing the 
resources to launch a brand new 
scheme - the New Workers 
Scheme - to help 18 to 20 year 
olds to find a job. 

This will provide for a payr 
merit of£I5 a week for a year to 
any employer taking on an 18 or 
19 year old at up to £5S a week 
ora 20 year old at up to £65 pa 

The New Workers Scheme 
should provide a worthwhile 
incentive for employers to cre- 
alejobs for young people. 


to be taxed 

. I also propose to correct am 
anomaly in the taxation of 
international cnttrtrihrra and. 
sport s men. 

When British 1 entert ain ers or 
sport s m en work overseas the 
foreign tax authorities normally 

levy a withholding tax-On .their 
earning. But al foe present time 
we levy no such tax on the 
earnings of foreign entertainers 
and sport sm en when they work 

I- believe that, in flume, we 
should fall into fine with most of 
the rest of the world. Accord- 

ingly, Lpropose to wifoold tax at 
tbe basic rate on 

encouraging the growth of per- 
Tbose changes - 

Finally. _ I have agreed to a 

t of the 

substantial enl 
proven and higniy 
Enterprise Allowance Scheme 
which makes payments of £40 a 
week for up to a year to assist 
unemployed men and women to 
set up in business on their own 

on the earnings of 
overseas- entertainers and. 
sportsmen in foe UK. This 
should yield £75 jniUjaii in J987- 
88 . . 

A key dement in foe 
Government's strategy fire jobs 
is the enco u ra ge ment of new 
badness. 1 have beeu reviewing 
the terns of foe Business 
Expansion Scheme which is dne 
to come to an end in April 1987. 

I have been assisted in this 
review by the' independent re- 
port commissioned by the In- 
land Revenue .from, the 
consultants Peat, Marwick, 
which is being published in foil 

It is quite dear - and this is 
confirmed by foe. evidence hi 
the Peat Marwick report - that 
tbe Business expansion scheme 
which my predecesor in- 
troduced in 1983 as an. improve- 
ment on foe 1981 Business Start 
Up Scheme, has been an 
outstanding success. 

It has fully achieved hs aim of 
attracting new equity capital 
into unquoted companies. 

The amount subscribed has 
bom running at well ova £100 
million a year, and steadily 

sdnal pensions, 
to which tbe Government atta- 
ches the highest importance - 
have been warmly welcomed, 
both, for the greater freedom 
they will give to existing pension 
scheme members and for foe 
new scope they will offer to tbe 
millions of working people who 
are not in an occupational 
pension scheme. 

In the light of these changes, I 
intend lata this year to publish 
detailed 'proposals designed to 

f vc personal pensions the same 
vourable tax treatment as is 
currently enjoyed by retirement 
annuities. . 

Publication of these proposals 
wfll enable there to be foe widest 
possible consultation prior to 
legislation in next year's Fi- 
nance Bifl. 

- Meanwhile, I can assure the 
House that, as I made clear but 
year. I have no plans to change 
that favourable tax treatment. 

Bat I do need to deal with the 
growing problem of foe rates 
governing pension tends sur- 

The dramatic improvement 
in the financial climate com- 
pared with a decade ago. most 
notably as-a result of tbe sharp 
fell in inflation, has seen a 

a year. ___ 

Q .-11 he rimvidfst tint a high proportion of number of pension funds be- 

comcheavily overfunded. 

Roughly half foe 'companies 
involved raised sums of less 
than £50,000 each. 

This would dearly be in 
industry's own interest and 
most emphatically in the best 
interests of the unemployed. It 
should therefore occur without 
any prompting from govern- 

But there is considerable iner- 
tia to overcome. So it might 
make sense to offer some tem- 
porary measure of tax relief to 
the employees concerned to help 

entry to the Enterprise Allow- 
ance Scheme to be increased 
from its present figure of 

£65,000 to £100.000 by April 
1987 and to provide mote 
training for those involved. At 
foe same time, I propose to 
improve the tax treatment of 
payments made under fois 

The total public expenditure 
cost of tbe measures I have 
outlined, together with 
consequential spending in 
Non hem Ireland, comes to 
£195 million in 1986-87 and 
£285 million in 1987-88. 

These gross costs will, how- 
ever, ‘ 




tnga net public expenditure cost 
of £100 million in 1986-87 and 

get profit sharing agreements of 
jff ii 

the right kind oft foe ground and 
to secure the benefits that would 
undoubtedly accrue if they 
really caught on. 

Inevitably tbe design of such a 
relief and the precise definition 
of qualifying agreements would 
need to be drawn with consid- 
erable care. 

The Government therefore 
proposes to discuss with 
employers and others to see if a 
workable scheme can be defined 
which offers the prospect of a 
worthwhile and broadly based 

If these preliminary dis- 
cussions are sufficiently enr 
couraaing we would prepare a 
consultative document setting 
out a detailed scheme for wider 
consideration. Meanwhile there 
.is more we can do of an 

I therefore have no hesitation 

in proposing to extend foe life of 
the Business Expansion 
Scheme, which is doe to expire 

next year, indefinitely. - 

it, be partly offcet by savings 5 1 - same tune, despite 
social security benefits, teav- .“** exclU51 5 ,os ?* *®nn land and 

property development in my 
two previous Budgets, 1 am 
concerned that too much BES 
money is being diverted from 
the high risk arete: for which a 
scheme was always intended 
into areas where tbe. risk, is very 
much less. y ■ 
Accordingly, I propose, from 
now on, to exkude from foe 
scheme all companies holding 
more than half their net assets in 

£165 million in 1987-88. 

This will be financed from the 
reserve and there will therefore 
be no overall addition' to 

planned public spending. 



foe proposals 

thorn in foe ride of those owning 

and running family businesses, 
and as such has had a damaging 
effect on nsk-taking and enter- 
prise within a particularly im- 
portant sector qf foe economy. 

In addition . 'to statutory 

™ contmcmg » Keep the 

economics Of incremental rate bnnds, I propewe this year to 

reform foe tax radically. 

In essence tbe Capital Trans- 
fer Tax is two taxes, as its two 
separate scales imply: an inher- 
itance tax and a lifetime gifts 

We have had as inheritance 
tax in some shape or form ever 
since Sir William Jiarcoun in- 
troduced his estate duty in 1894. 
But foe lifetime gifts lax which 
tbe Labour Government in- 
troduced in 1974. in the teeth of 

united Conservative opposition, 
is an unwelcome and un- 
warranted impost ■ 

By deterring lifetime giving, it 
bashad the effect of locking in 
assets, particularly tbe owner- 
shipof family huswessess. often 
to . the detriment of tbe 
burinessm concerned. 
Accordingly, ! propose to 
abolish entirely the tax an 
fifetime gifts to tteDvidnals. 

As with the old estate duty, there 
wtU be a tapered charge on gifts 
nrafe within seven years of 


‘V My two previous Budgets 
abofished three unnecessary 
taxes; the National Insurance 
Surchare, foe Investment In- 
come Suichage and Develop- 
ment Land Tax. .The abolition 
of foe tax cm lifetime gifts adds a 

I bow tan to ike taxation of 
savings and hro to rat In my 
2984 Budget I introduced a 
mjorreferaa 'of the taxation of 
savings and investment dasigned 
to hsprove the direction and 
qnaSty ofhoch. Today I propose 
to carry fois reform farther 

; The Social Security Bill now 
before Parliament proposes im- 
portant and for reaching changes 
m p ens io n provision, notably by 



_ the form offend and buildings.: 

Two changes. 
worth £45m 

I now tent to the taxation of 
business and enterprise. Whfie 
foe measures I have just an- ' 
noonced help tbe unemployed . 

directly, in foe hum ran what companies eniddiMs^ _ h n ^*“^ KM ' ,U,U “ 

really maners is foeoeatioe ofa ^^^tofoechaiteru^ofUK^ ^ 

climate is which business and n! ^* ds *?»P s ‘ • 3, 1?*** ****$ 

ts to invert in objects* such as 
tine wines, whose value may be 
expected to rise ova time. 

At the same time, 1 have one 
new inclusions to announce. 

I have decided to bring within 

the scope of foe BES companies 

This presents a double 
lem, both aspects of which the 
Inland Revenue is at present 
having to deal with through the 
exercise of its discretionary 

. In the first place, excessive 
smplnses, even if they , arise 
uni n tentionally, represent the 
misuse of a tax privilege which 
was intended to . assist the 
provision of pensions and for no 
. other purpose. 

So the Inland Revenue re- 
quires from time; to time that 
aupluses be dhninisfaed. But at 
foe same time foe Revenue feels 
obliged to turn down many of 
the increasing number of re- 
quests from companies which, 
often for good reasons, wish to 
take refunds from theirpension 
funds into the company itself. 

The absence of dear rules on 
now surpluses should and may 
be dealt with, and the con- 
sequoit reliance that has to be 
P«ced on the exercise by the 
inland Revenue of its di> 
creuon, have created consid- ~ 
narae uncertainty and have 
unnecessarily constrained 
frostocs freedom of action. 

_ I therefore propose to replace 
“tie discretionary 
: raetes with dear and 

statutory provisions. 


* iui 

In foture^ foe amount of any 
m a fund will be 
“ etcn ^ in ed for tax purposes in 
accordance with published 

industry flourish. For . it is 
companies, not govampeats, 
which create jobs. 

The reformed system of busi- 
ness taxation which .1 .. in- 
troduced in my-I984 Budget has 
reached the end of its uansi- 

- *•*- will provide new 
opportunities for investment, in 
foippmg engaged, m - coastal, 
short sea amf offshore trader 

I J? n 5 x ^ e 10 power to 
mate further changes in the 

■nfou of the scheme by ostia 

Finally, having taken steps to 


viwrf hu .^ 5U 5? pnotts * 23 
vised by foe Government Ac- 

- ftl 

Where a surplus is 5 pa cent 

Sf labilities no 
action will need to he taken- . 

Where it is higher than that 

OH page 27 , o>l I 

V, . N:-P 

A&ji. Ajl~? .1 JlXjh I 


v -=> t* 
,. tl£ -* ■ 

.Hr -,•• * 

■ * ' 


* JUta 

■ ■* ■ \ ■ ' f 


■ ■■ --r~~ 

Charities helped 

Duties increased 



Taxes cut 

March 18 1986 

Continued from page 26 
action win "be required to dimi- 
oafe the excess. 

h will be entirely a matter for 
the. trustees and employers to 
. decade whether the reduction is 
to be achieved by increasing 
' benefits, or reducing contribu- 

- tiotts. or making a refund to the 

I£ and only if, they choose to 
mate a refund, the employer 
. will be liable to tax a* a rate of 40 

• ’ per cent of the amount • re- 
. -funded, so as broadly to recover 

the tax relief previously given. 

. The . effect of these new 
... arrangements is likely to be a 
yield of £2) million in 198637 
and £120 million jn 1987-88. 




r have no change to propose la 
the Stamp Duty on bosses and 
other property, which I reduced 

• to 1 per-cent with a higher 
threshold, in my 1964 Budget. 

. Bat there Is a formidable case 

(his year for a further redaction 
in the rate of Stamp Duty on 
share transfers. The City of 

- 'London is the pre-eminent 
financial centre of Europe. 

The massive £6 bOBou it 
contributes to our invisible eant- 
7 in^ is .bat one. measure ofthe 
resulting benefit to the British 

. But competition in financial 

• services nowadays is not conti- 
nental, but global. 

The City revolution now un- 
der way, due to culminate with 
; the ending of fixed commissions 
- the so-called Big Bang - on 27 
October, is essential if London 
is to compete successfully 
against New York and Tokyo. 

And if London cannot win a 
major share of the global securi- 
ties market, hs present world 
pre-eminence in other financial 
services will be Threatened. 

Successful competition de- 
pends on a number of factors, 
but one of the most important is 
the level of dealing costs. 

The abolition of fixed 
commissions will certainly belpi. 

> But with no tax at all on share 
transactions in New York, and 
. roughly 0.5 per cent in Tokyo. 

under the existing tax regime 
. London will still be vulnerable. 

1 therefore propose to reduce 
Stamp Duly, on share trans- 
actions from 1 per cent to 0.5 
per cent as from the date of the 
Big Bang, 

Hut 1 believe it is tight- that the 
■ full' cost of this should be met 
’ from within The finance sector. 

• itseJC " 

' Accordingly, I propose to 

bring hno tax at the new 0.5 per 
cent rate a range of fin a n cia l 
transactions . which - are . at 
present entirely free of Stamp 

- - These include transactions in 

loan suck other than short 
bonds and gilt edged securities, 
transactions unwound within a 
single Stock Exchange account. 
Letters of Allotment, the pur- 
chase by a company of its own 
shares, and takeovers and merg- 
ers. ‘ 

There will also be a special 
rate of 5 per cent, on the 
conversion of UK shares into 
ADRs and other -forms of 
depositary receipt 

Some of these changes, 
including the new ADR charges, 
will take effect immediately: 
Others wilt be delayed until the 

B *ThU n ^ix!her lahring erf . the 
Stamp Duty on equities should 
imahte London to compete 
successfully in die worldwide 
securities market. 

It win also provide a further 
fillip to wider share ownership 

in the UK. 

.. Just as we hare mode BRoun 
"* a nation of .boroe wiicts, it is the 
lung-term ambition of tins Gov- 
ernment to make the British 
people a nation of share-owners, 
loo; to create a popster capital- 
ism, in which more and toon: 
men mid women have * direct 
person a l stake in British busi- 
ness and industry. • 

Both through the rapid 
growth of employee share 


this year 

I now turn to the tax treatment of 
charities and charitable gnjufr 

In almost every facet of me 
nation's affairs it becomes 
Increasingly dear that private 
action is mere effective than 


trated by the success of cfcar- 
. ftsbl£ organisations m-woa 

down the land hi the &U* «* . 
, famine relief, social wear*, 

medicine, education (SodadEng 
the universities). (hearts and the 

IlC Tt^sGov eminent has already 
done a great deal to assist 
charities, both through the tax 
svstem and in other ways, i 
bkieve the time kas come xo 
. takeafiirihersiepfbrwwti- 

The first question » whether 
any further fiscal relief shoukJ 
: be given (o (he chamies vvf' 

selves, through «lie. from VAT, 

°7n the ifcbt ofrcpresematk^ 

Group. I am prepared ttos yea*, 
exceptionally, to nuke a num- 

“ SJTf^cteccouo^«^ 
ibe VAT front- 1 
L‘ relieve charities fiom VAT oa 
their non^a«ifi©i press 

- admiring; on mcdicu^prod- 

ucts where (hey are enfflgjjg 
the treatment at care 
or animals, oro 

search; on and 
ahmn systems for bandt- 

3£flc - OP refng««*K» “d 

video equipment for 
medical applications putrfrased 
by charities from 
on all reCWfrnB equipme** 1 * or 

?sholds raised 
standard rate 
lcome tax cut 

books and newspapers -very modest duty on gas oS, by 
used by chanties for the blind; , 1.5 pence a gallon- 
and on wd&re vehicles used by And I propose to abolish 
charities to transport the deaf altogether the duties on aviation 
bhnd or mentally handicapped. . kerosene, or Avtur —which at 

But m general I am convinced . present is taxed for domestic 

that the righi way to help 
-charities' is not by relieving the 
charities themselves from VAT. 

flights only — and on most 
lubricating oUs. 

- All these changes in duty ofll 

hot by encouraging the act. of aif effect from six o'clock this 
- charitable giving. evening. 

I say this for two principal Finally .so ter as ml products 

•ra asons . are-concerned, 1 am anxious to 

Fust, h is deariy-better that do what I reasonably can to 
the amount of tax relief is assist the introduction of lead- 
related to. the amount of support free pcrroL 
a chanty is able to attract, ruber The case for this on enviitm- 
than lo the value of goods and menial grounds is dear. I have 
services it happens to purchase, therefore decided to create a 

And, second, whereas a duty diffe re nti al in its favour to 
pound of VAT relief is .worth offset, its higher production 
precisely that, a pound of tax costs. 

relief on giving is likely to My officials will be discussing 

generate more loan a pound of with the oil companies how this 

income charity. can best he achieved in time for 

_ -My principal proposals there- next year's budget. 

fore relate directly to the act of 

giving to charity. - 

First, I propose to abolish CIGARETTES 

altogether the upper limit on ^ M 
relief at ■ the higher rates of 

= ^ ° n lip rise on 

• ' At the same time I propose to ,1 - 

act to stop theabose ofthe tax flCHltll STODIIU 
system fry ensuring that tax , n . tr . g T~ ^ _r 

relief goes only to money which ' 2SS?i t^SLi 

is used for charitable purposes. 

Next companies. It is widely °f. t f^ th . f°™ ds< 1 **7* ^ 
believed that corporate giving to 
charity would be more generous 

than it is at present if tax relief keep pace with 

did not depend on the company „ 

™ in* , ioor^ cov- 

Accordingly. I propose to 

allow public companies to enjoy * 

tax relief oh one-off gifts J to ^proximaMyl 1 j^ce on a 


arnual dividend paymenfto^ts a ^^ a y ^ a i i ^ JOOSC no 
«Jtnn»hnitVrx As last year, I propose no 

“tSS^wUL of course, con- ® l «P 011 theduties on 

tiaue^ hTno limit on the 2««* 
amount a company can cov- 

enant to charity. than m mOS1 comparable coun- 

Many charities have made m K„. nv 
clear to me their fiar that to ^ 

introduce a similar rdief for the 

sssaass Ssi^ 

propose to encourage individual nn hnvw at 

aiwvffs ^jsBgasggii 

payroll gmng. duties on 33er,tabk wine, spm- 

From April ' 1987 it wifl be kling wme or spirits, 
opentoanyeroptoyertosetupa This last decision will. I hope, 

scheme under which employees be particularly welcome in Scot- 
can havr charitable donations of land. 

Next VAT. 

I propose to stop the mi sues 
of - long stay relief for hotel 
accommodation, and make cer- 
tain other minor changes. 

Bat I have no proposals for 
- majoc: changes to Value Added 
Tax tills year. 

" The changes I have anounced 
in the excise duties will, afi told, 
raise an extra £795 milli on in 
1986-87, the same amount as I 
would have raised had I simply 
in creased aB the excise duties in 
line with inflation . 

The overall impact effect on 
theRPL tfall the increases were 
fully passed on, would be one 
half of one per cent 
This has already been taken 
into -account in the forecast I 

up to £ 1 00 a year deducted from 
their pay. and get lax relief on 

All in alUhe proposals I have 
flniiflonfprf today add up to a 
very substantial package of 
asri^ance.tq charities and char- 
itahie giTfiBg. • 

Their the Exchequer 
will depend on how generously 
companies and employees re- 
spond to this initiative. But my 
best estimate is that it could 
amount to as much as £70 
million in 1987-88. This will be 
partly paid for by the measures, 
to curb abuse, which may save 
some £20 million a year. 

I would hope, too, that the 
additional charitable giving 
these concessions stimulate will 

the extra tax. relief given. 


Petrol need 

not go up 

I now trail to the taxation of 
spending. So ter as the indirect 
taxes are 'concerned, the over- 
riding qoestion this year is how 
for I should recover from the off 
consumer the lax revenes I 
hare last from the o3 producer, 
as a result of the massive foil in 
the oil price. 

Since November the price of 
petrol at the pump has fallen by 
anything up to (5 pence a 
gallon. But if the oil companies 
had passed on the foil amount of 
the Si in the oil price to date; 
the price of petrol at the pump 
could have been 12 pence a 
gallon lower stiff. 

There is cteariy scope, there- 
fore. for a sizeable increase m 
petrol tax this year. 

I have concluded, however. ; 
that at the present time, while I 
must certainly maintain the real 
value of the revenue 1 get from ! 
the motorist, I will not increase 


But I do believe « makes | 
sense to look again, in the light 
ofthe radically changed circum- 
stances, at the relative weight of 
petrol taxand vehicle excise 

Accordingly, I prepare to 
Increase the dirty on petrol by an 
amount which, i ncl ud in g VAT, 
aotod — If it were whoflly passed 
on to the- consumer — raise the 
price at the pomp by 7.5 pence a 

^This fe mo pence more than is 
needed to jeep pace with infla- 
tion, and that enables me to keep 
vehicle excise duty aft testyw’s 
level cf £109 for cars and light 
vans, leaving the overall burden 
OB the motorist uncha ng ed in 
real terms. 

Moreover, given foe very 
substantial increase in the on 
companies’ margins, there is 
dearly DO wed for the pump 

Indeed, it ought to Ball farther. 

In ibe same way. I propose to 
increase the duty on derv by an 
amount which — n it were 
wholly passed on to the con- 
sumer, which, to repeat, tt 
should certainly not be — would 
raise the price at the pump by 
6-5 pence, including VAT. 

This will enable me to avoid 

any general increase this year m 

the vehicle . excise doty on 
lorries, too. 

So for as the other oil duties 
are concerned. I have one or two 

remain unchanged as jthasdone 
since 1980. •. . 

Bui I propose to increase the 

Finally I turn to income tax. 
In my Budget speech last war 1 
undertook to issue a Green 
Paper on the reform of personal 
taxation. As the House is aware. 
I am publishing the Green Paper 

It discusses a range of options 

winch will in due course be 
opened up by the 
computerisation of PAVE, from 
the relationship between in- 
come tax and employee's na- 
tional insurance contributions 
to the closer integration of the 
lax and benefit systems. 

In particular, however, it 
outlines a possible reform of the 
present system of personal 

The responses to my 
predecessor’s >980 Green Paper 
revealed widespread dissatisfec- 
tion with the existing arrange- 

ments, but - Inevitably - no dear 
consensus as to what should 
replace them. - 


Green Paper 
on taxation 

Married women increasingly 
resent the fact that a wife’s 
income is treated for tax pur- 
poses as that of her husband, 
deprivmg her of the indepen- 
dence and privacy she has a 
right to expect. 

There is gro w ing complaint, 
too, of the way in which, te a 
cumber erf re sp ects, the pres ent 
system penalises marriage itself. 

And it cannot be right that the 
tax system should come down 
hardest on a married couple jnsi 
at the time when the wife stops 
work to start a family (Conser- 
vative cheers). 

Yet that is what happens 

The alternative system set out 
in the Green Paper, of indepen- 
dent -taxation with allowances 
transferable between husband 
and wife, would remedy all these 
defects- To be acceptable. would need to be 
accompanied by a substantial 
increase in the basic lax thresh- 

The Government is commit- 
ted to inducing the burden of 
income tax, and the proposal in 
the Green Paper suggests one 
way of doing that which would 
achieve a number of other 
worthwhile objectives - includ- 
ing the ability to lake more 
people out or the unemploy- 
ment and poverty traps for a 
given amount of tax rdief than 
is possible under the present tax 

Given the timetable of 
computerization, none of this 
could in practice be im- 

PAYE codes are issued for 1987- 

88 , 

However, to bridge the gap 
between the November 1985 
and April 1987. upratings the 
Secretary of State for Social 
Services (Mr Norman Fowler) 
proposes to have a special 
transitional uprating in July, the 
details of which he has recently 

But as Members wifl know 
from their postbags, it could be 
confusing for many old-age 
pensioners and widows to 
undergo a special mid-year tax 
recoding on account of the July 

I have therefore decided that, 
for pensioners and widows, (he 
benefit incre as es payable in July 
will be exempt from income tax 
id 1986-87. (Conservative 
cheers). The cost of this will be 
£15 unffiou. 

Since we first took office in 
1979, we have cut the basic rate 
of income tax from 33 per cent 
to 30 per cent and sharply 
reduced the penal higher rates 
we inherited from Labour. 

We have increased the main 
tax thresholds by some 20 per 
cent more than inflation - and 
the greeter part of that 20 per 
cent has been achieved during 
the present Parliament (Labour 
cry of “What about jobs?"). 


Burden still 
too great 

It is a good record, but it is not 
good enough. The burden of 
income tax is still too great. 

Nothing could be further from 
the truth than the Haim that we 
have a choke betw een catting 
tax and c u tti ng unemployment. 
The two go haul in hand. 

It is no accident that the two 


• n ■ Vi' 

Lewis: Surprises 

Knox: Thresholds 


have given the House of the 3.5 

;.{E3* inflalicmby 

ra^»a^™ Finally I turn to income tax. 

HaghesrGood things 

piemen led until the 1990s. 

But we need to start planning 
for the 1990s today. The Gov- 
ernment will therefore carefully 
consider the responses to 
today's Green Paper before 
taking any decision on how to 

Meanwhile, 1 have to set the 
tax rates and thresholds for the 
coining year. 

But first I have two minor 

proposals to announce, both of employment opportunities de- 
winch 1 hope the House will pend. 


First, pensions paid by the 
German and Austrian Govern- 
ments to victims of Nazi 
persecution are free of tax in 
both Germany and Austria. 

In this country, however, the 
lax relief on such pensions is set 
at 50 percent. 

In fame. I propose that 
pensions paid to v i ct i m s of Nazi 

p a sectio n should be free of tax 


Second, the House will be 
aware that, as from next year, 
social security benefit upratings 
will be moved to April, to 
coincide whh the tax year. 

This wifl enable them to be 
fully taken into account before 




massive foil in oil revenues, this 
is not a year for substantial 
reductions in tax of any kind. 

But provided the economy 
continues to grow as it has been, 
and provided we continue to 
maintain firm control of public 
expenditure, the scope should 
be there in the years ahead 

Meanwhile! I propose for 
1986-87 to raise all the main 
thresholds and allowances by 
the statutory indexation figure 
of 5.7 per cent, rounded op. 

The single person’s allowance 
wifl therefore rise by £130 to 
£2335 and the married man's 
allowance by to £3^55. 

Similarly, the single age 
allowance wffl rise by £160 to 
£2Jt50 and the married age 
allowance by £250 to £4^05. 
The age allowance income limit 
becomes £9,400. 

I propose to raise all the 
higher rate thresholds by ex- 
actly £1,000. 

This is folly m line with 
statutory indexation for die first 
- 40 per cent - higher rate, but 
less than half statntory ; 
indexation for the top - 60 per 
cent rate. 

Given the need for caution in 
the light of current circum- 
stances, I do not have the scope 
this year for a reduction in the 
basic rate of income tax... 
beyond one penny in the pound. 
(Conservative cheers ana laugh- 

But this reduction from 30 per 
cent to 29 per cent still repre- 
sents the first cut in the basic 
rate of income tax since my 
predecessor took it down from 

Wasted years: 
Chancellor in jam ‘ 

Waimrrigfct: Complacent 

mart snccearfW economies in the 
world - both overall and specifi- 
cally n trains of job creation - 
the United States and Japan, 
have the lowest level of tax as a 
proportion of GDP. 

Reductions in taxation moti- 
vate new businesses and im- 
prove incentives at work. 

They arc a principal engine or 
the enterprise culture, on which 
our (inure prosperity and 

The case for higher tax thresh- 
olds is weff understood. In my 
two previous Budgets I have 
raised the married man's allow- 
ance to its highest level in real 
terms since the war, and higher 
as a proportion of average 
earning s than in either Germany 
of the United States. 

But we should not overtook 
the need for reductions in the 
basic rate of tax. too. 

The basic rate is the starling 
rate of tax. 

And H is the crucially im- 
portant marginal rate of tax for 
some 95 per cent of all employ- 
ees and 90 per cent of all self- 
employed and unincorporated 
businesses. Qeariy, given the 

33 per cent to 30 per cent in 

So long as this Government 
remains in office, it will not be 
the last 

There will, of course, be a 
consequential reduction in the 
rate of Advance Corporation 

And I also propose a 
corresponding cut in the small 
companies* rate of Corporation 
Tax from 30 per cent to 29 per 

The combined effect of the 
various income tax changes I 
have just announced is to 
concentrate the benefit, modest 
as I readily concede it to be, not 
on the rich but on the great 
majority of ordinary taxpayers. 

As a result of the adjustments 
I have made to the higher rate . 
thresholds, the gain for those at 
the top of the income scale is 
more or less confined to what 1 
they would have received under 
simple indexation alone. i 

By contrast, the married man | 
on average earnings will be : 
some £2.60 a week better off, an 
improvement of £1.45 a week 
over simple indexation alone. I 

The income tax changes I ! 
have announced today will take 
effect under PAYE on the first 
pay day alter May 17, they will 
cost £935 million in 1986-87. 
over and above the cost of 
statutory indexation. 


Target of 25% 
income tax 

Seven years ago, when my 
predecessor cut the basic rate of 
income tax from 33 per cent to 
30 per cent, he added: “Ora 
long-term aim should surely be 
to reduce the basic rate of 
income tax to no more than 25 
per cart” (Conservative cheers). 

I share that aim. 

In this Budget. I have reaffirmed 
the prudent policies that have 
brought us three successive 
years of steady growth with low 
inflation, and the propsect of a 
fourth ahead of us. 

I have described how we can 
take in our stride the dramatic 
collapse in the oil price, and 
benefit from its consequences. 

In collaboration with the 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, I have announced a 
further substantial range of mea- 
sures to help the unemployed. 

1 have proposed a radical and 

far-reaching new scheme for tax- 

free investment in equities, so 
that we may truly become a 
share-owning democracy, and 
abolished a fourth tax. 

I have announced the most 
substantial p a ck a ge of assistance 
’ to charitable giving ever, and 
cut the basic rate ot income tax. 

Building as it does on the 
achievements of the recent past, 
this Budget is a safeguard for the 
present and a springboard for 
the future. 

I commend it to the House. 


Mr Neil KEnnock, Leader of the 
Opposition, reading to the 
Chancellor's statement, said 
that this was to hare been a 
bride's budget the beginning of 
the process of tax cuts towards 
the next general election. In- 
stead of that the foil in off prices 
and revenues made it instead a 
bits and pieces Budget; a Budget 
of promises; of some scope next 
year. Jam tomorrow from a 
Chancellor who was clearty in a 
jam today. (Conservative 

He said the Opposition did 
welcome some changes, such as 
the business expansion scheme 
and tax relief for those who had 
suffered Nazi persecution. Also 
the concession for charities, 
although it would be wrong if 
suspect bodies gained any 

Turning to petrol pomp prices, 
he said he also hoped they would 
at least stay the same. Hopefully 
they should foil because of the 
advantages to the oil companies. 

Among the matters of criti- 
cism, the abolition of gift tax 
stood out as a hand-out to the 

The fact (he went on) that the 
promotion of redevelopment and 
renovation of our economy is not 
central yet again makes this a 
1 sideshow Budget: an exercise in 
taxation generally. It is un- 
related to the main problems of 
employment and development 

We must be grateful that the 
Chancellor did not describe bis 
pony Budget as another Budget 
for jobs. I suppose he has learnt 
from test year. 

He said total snemployment 
bad risen by 700,000 in the past 
year and so he coaid not be 
expected to cheer the small 
additional suns going to the 
community programme. The 
help for job dobs was really 
more of a taunt. 

This Budget offered nothing 
for the poor. 

So for as that Ip reduction in 
the basic rate of tax was 
concerned, Mr Lawson had only 
to reduce it by another 5p to get 
taxation down to the level of 
burden it was in 1979. The same 
faint-heartedness with which the 
Chancellor approached the 
question of trying to wage war on 
poverty characterized his ap- 
proach to the City. 

In all of those areas - poverty, 
jobs, the approach to the City 
and those who now enjoyed 
positions of great wealth - the 

Chancellor had seen the need for 
action and then backed off from 
from a Government which over 
the past seven years had worn 

Kinnock: Rate's Progress 
financed by off 

doing anything effective. 

That made it a fudge-H Budget 
away the industrial base of tne 
nation and wasted huge amounts 
of wealth in a flake's Progress 
financed by off re venae. 

They have (be went on) Mown 
the oil wealth completely and 
have next to nothing to show for 
it - in some respects less than 
nothing to show for ft. 

These had been the wasted 
years, the locust years. These 
were the years which the Prime 
Minister last Saturday, with 
unconscious and untypical ac- 
curacy. described as the years of 
excavation: seven years in which 
-great holes had been dug which 
hare not only undermined the 
structure of society but, even 
worse, undermined the self con- 
fidence of hundreds of thou- 
sands, indeed millions of people. 

The previous Chancellor be- 
gan the Government's period of 
office with his first Budget 
which he described as “the 
Budget for a new beginning”. 

Six years and nine months (be 
said) from beginning to begin- 
ning: that has been the story of 
this Government. Still they say 
“There is no alternative”. 
Hardly anybody believes that 

There most be strategic an- 
swers to strategic problems 
which now beset our nation (he 
said). None or these answers 
have been forthcoming la this 

Any prudent and responsible 
government would be fighting 
unemployment as an economic 
and social evil instead of using 
unemployment as an economic 
social weapon. 

Thefailnre to make an effec- 
tive or constructive response was 
a dereliction of duty and the 
Opposition would punish that 
desertion of duty by defeating 
the Government at the next 
General Election. 

Varying reactions 
from backbenches 


Sir Kenneth Lewis (Stamford 
and Spalding, C) said the Budget 
was surprising because of its 
variety and it was a surprise 
because almost everything pre- 
dicted had not been included 
while things not expected were. 
It was truly a Budget of swings 
and roundabouts. 

If there was a disappointment 
it was that the stimulus to get 
.unemployment down below 
three million was missing. The 
money to provide that stimulus 
was less than he had hoped. For 
instance, the amount to be spent 
on the community programme 
was only £198 million. While 
that would be helpful in many 
respects, the question was. was it 

He believed there was scope 
in the next year for the Govern- 
ment to spend more money on 
stimulating jobs. If there was 
money in the contingency fond 
it should be used to create jobs. 
There was much that he liked in 
this Budget but an element of 
concentration on gelling jobs 
was still missing from it. 

He was surprised that the 
Chancellor had cut the standard 
rate of income tax instead of 
putting up the thresholds to take 
more people out of tax. 

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Mr Richard Walnwright (Colne 
Valley. L) said the speech W3S 
little more than an elegant 
performance of a busker playing 
to a long-suffering crowd of 
taxpayers and unemployed wbo 
had now been told the show 
would not open until March 
1987. The busking, although it 
had some sparkle, was deplor- 
ably complacent. 

What use was it to tell the 
unemployed that the basic rate 
of income tax would be re- 
duced? Who had the cheek to 
tell them they could invest in a 
special personal investment 
plan? What use was it to tell 
them their gifts to others would 
no longer suffer capital transfer 

The Chancellor had foiled to 
do anything about national 
insurance. What could be a 
bigger snub to the unemployed 
than to tell them that this tax on 
anybody who wanted to late 
them on was going to re m ai n 
wholly unchanged? 

The thresholds for tax re- 
mained disgracefully low. The 
Liberals, with their emphasis on 
redistributing wealth, must be 
aghast at the cancellation of the 
gifts tax without putting any- 
thing in its place. Abolishing the 
gifts tax was an appalling step 
back to the Victorian times and 
the Liberals would strenuously 
oppose it. 

He gave an unqualified wel- 
come to the personal invest- 
ment plan, and would want to 
give it a fair wind. 

Mr David Knox (Staffordshire. 
Moorlands, C) said he would 
have preferred the Chancellor 
had not reduced the standard 
rate of income tax but to have 
concentrated all the relief on 
thresholds. The reduction in the 
standard rate of income tax was 
so small it was unlikely to have 
any incentive effect. 

A year ago the Chancellor bad 
introduced what he called a 
Budget for jobs. It was not 
unfair to say nisexpecations bad 
not be fulfilled. Unemployment 
had continued to rise. The 
measures announced today 
would at best siablize and at 
worst cause unemployment to 
rise. U nemployment had 
continued to worsen every year 
and thiscould not be allowed to 
continue. He did not believe the 
present level of inflation was 
necessarv or inevitable. 

The Chancellor should have 

taken very strong action to rttisfi 

the level of demand and so the 
level of activity. The Chancellor 
should have increased thresh- 
olds more than he had, and 
introduced a substantial pro- 
gramme of public expenditure 
on the infrastructure. 

Mr Roy Hughes (Newport East, 
Lab) said there were some good 
things in the Budget, although 
they had been few and for 

He welcomed the relief on 
charities, but it was essential to 
define what was a bona fide 
charity. He would not like to 
think of Eton benefiting from 
those proposals. 

As for petrol, the oil compa- 
nies should be brought into line 
to see thai prices at the pump 
did not rise. 

The measures to tackle un- 
employment were puny and 
would only scratch the surface 

1b i 
is n 
It i 











































































-«■ ;V7j,V. 



Output up: Inflation down 


Sound, money the key 


growth forecast for 

and export areas 

' There were further sizeable 
increases in both exports and 
business investment in 1983. 
For the forecast period. sub- 
stantial growth is likely not 
only in most areas of domestic 
' spending but also in exports. 
Total domestic production 
and manufacturing output are 
both expected to record fur- 
; ther growth of some 2ft- 
3 per cent. 

Employment has continued 
to nse, with more than 
200.000 extra jobs in the year 
to September 1983. In spite of 
' this, there has been some 
further rise in unemployed 
over the last year. However, 
the labour force is now expect- 
ed to grow less rapidly, and 
prospects for unemployment 
are better than for some years. 

After rising in the early 
months of 1983. inflation has 
been on a downward path 
since June, and in January 
1 986 the RPI increase over the 
previous year was 3ft per- 
cent The inflation rale is 
expected to fall quite sharply 
over the coming months ana 
is forecast to be 3ft per cent in 
the fourth quarter of 1986. 

The UK forecast is based on 
the assumption that fiscal and 
monetary policies are set with- 
in the framework of the 
MTFS, Oil prices, both North 
Sea and world, are assumed to 
average SI 5 per barrel for the 
rest of 1986. Neither the 
sterling index nor the 
sierling/dollar exchange rale is 
expected to change much. 

Output in the world econo- 
my has been rising since early 
1983, and inflation has been 
coming down since 1980. 
Assisted by further moves to 
lower interest rates, a period 
of low inflation and good 
growth in output and trade is 
anticipated. Many of the protv 
terns arising from payments 
imbalances and debt repay- 
ments will remain. But the 
benefits to trade, output and 
inflation from the fall in oil 
prices should prove 

Exports have grown strong- 
ly over the last two years. The 
current account of the balance 
of payments is expected to 
remain in sizeable surplus 
despite the big fall in oil 
prices. Offsets include higher 
export eamings on other 



By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 
. Slower growth in the US unlikely to strengthen signifi- 

not only reduced the 
increase in US imports, but 
also contributed to lower in- 
terest rates and a fall in the 
dollar. The latter was helped 
by the Plaza Agreement of 
September 22, 1983 between 
the Finance Ministers of the 
Group of Five. 

The rate of world inflation 
fell further in 1983: consumer 
prices in the major 
mdustraiized countries in- 
creased on average by about 
4 per cent, compared with 
over 4ft per cent in 1984. 
This has been associated with 
a continuing weakness in pri- 
mary product prices. 

Since Novemer 1983, oil 
prices have fallen sharply. 
Before the first oil price shock 
the non-communist world de- 
mand for oil was around 48 
million barrels per day, and 
about 30 mbd of this was 
produced by OPEC members. 
Despite the 1973-74 increase 
in oil prices OPEC managed to 
maintain roughly this level of 
production throughout the 
1970s. After falling in 1974 
and 1973. total demand for oil 
rose again during the rest of 
the decade, while non-OPEC 
supply grew by roughly the 
same amount in absolute 

Experience since the second 
sharp increase in oil prices in 
1979 has been very different 
Demand for oil has fallen and 
non-OPEC supplies have con- 
tinued to rise steadily. OPEC's 
pricing policy made it effec- 
tively the residual source of 
supply, and demand for OPEC 
oil nearly halved: from about 
31ft mbd in 1979 to less than 
17ft mbd on average in 198S. 
Saudi Arabia's production fell 
particularly sharply. 

Total demand and supply 
for oil may respond only 
gradually even to the large fall 
in price, and so excess capaci- 
ty is likely to be present for 
some time. This forecast as- 
sumes that prices will average 
SIS per barrel for the rest of 
1986 and throughout 1987 - 
rather below, in real terms, the 
level between 1974 and 1979. 

The prices of most other 
primary products are also 

candy over the next year or so, 
since with some exceptions 
(for example a temporary 
shortfall in the coffee crop), 
supplies are abundant and 
stock relatively high. The 
industrial countries can there- 

fore expect further itnprove- 
of trade. 

ments in their terms 
raising retd incomes and en- 
abling inflation to fell further. 

The growth of real GNP in 
the US should pick up by 
1986, benefitting from lower 
oil prices and from the effect 
of the lower dollar on trade. 
Consumers' expenditure, 
while growing more slowly 
than in recent years, should be 
helped by the lagged effects of 
lower interest rates and rises 
in asset prices. 

Growth in Japan may be 
weaker than usual in 1986 as 
the expansion of domestic 
demand may not be sufficient 
to compensate for a slowdown 
in the growth of exports. In 
most European countries the 
economic recovery should 
strengthen in 1986. with the 
rate of growth increasing, 
particularly in Germany. 

This picture of world activi- 
ty is reflected in the pattern of 
world trade growth. Import 
growth is likely to be strongest 
in oil-importing countries and 
where exchange rates have 
appreciated most over the past 
year. This points to rapid 
growth of imports into Eu- 
rope. Japan and many devel- 
oping countries, but to large 
falls m oil producers' imports. 
Overall import growth in 1986 
should be well above that of 

The dollar has declined 
substantially (by over 20 per- 
cent against a basket of other 
currencies) since its peak in 
early 1985. In 198S, as a 

whole, the sterling index was 
rent from 

little different from 1984. 
There were however some 
sizeable swings during; the 
course of the year. The index 
rose from a low point of 70ft 
in January to a high of 84ft in 
July before declining to 78 in 
December. The index de- 
clined further in the opening 
months of this year, as oil 
prices felL Over the past year 

Shnrt-tmm Economic pw m wc te 

S joods. lower profits earned by 
North ! 


oil companies in the 
Sea. and higher earn- 
ings from the UK’s stock of 
overseas assets. 

After a spun in 1 983 and the 
first half of 1984. US econom- 
ic growth has slowed down 
sharply. By the final quaner of 
1985 real GNP was 2ft per- 
cent higher than a year earli- 
er. The performance of the 
United States economy has 
strongly influenced the pat- 
tern or economic growth in 
■ other major industrialized 
countries. In Japan and Ger- 
many, in particular, output 
grew significantly faster than 
domestic demand in both 
1984 and 1985, thanks to the 
substantia] external contribu- 
tion to demand, stemming in 
large part from the US. More 
recently the recovery in Eu- 
rope has strengthened and 
.growth has become less depen- 
dent on exports to the US. In 
Japan, growth has shown 
some signs of slackening, al- 
though remaining high by 
European standards. 

Domestic demand is now 
growing at similar rates in the 
US and other major 
industralized countries. But 
the effect of much faster 
growth between 1982 and 
1984 in the US, together with 
the effects of the rise - still only 
partially reversed - in the 
dollar, are seen in the pattern 
of current account balances: a 
large deficit in the US and 
large surpluses in Germany 
and Japan. However, there 
have, been a number of help- 
ful steps towards reducing 
these imbalances over the past 

Average errors 
from past 

A. Output and mpvndRura 
Bt ccnmaa I960 prtc— 

P« cam 
1985 to 1986 

Domestic demand of which: 



Consumers’ expenditure 



General government consumption 



Fixed investment 



Change in stockbtikfing (as per cent of 

level of GDPI 



Exports of goods and services 



Imports of goods and services 



Gross domestic product total 






B. Inflation 

Retail prices index 

% changes 

198504 to 1966Q4 



1986Q2 to 1987Q2 



Deflator for GDP at market prices 

% changes 

Financial year 1985-66 

on year ago 



Financial year 1986-87 



C. Money GDP at market prices 

% changes 

Financial year 1985-86 

on year ago 


Financial year 1986-87 



D. Balance of payments-current account 





1987 first half (at an annual rata) 




QriUion 2 

Financial year 1985-86 



Financial year 1986-87 

7(1 ft) 

5(1 ft) 

The errors relate to the u 
between forecast and outturn. 

either side of me central figure] 
i been 

method of calculating tnese errors has 

sterling has risen by about 
30 per cent against the dollar, 
but fallen against most other 
currencies. The forecast as- 
sumes that sterling will not 
change much, either in dollar 

or effective terms. 

Short-term interest rates fell 
during much of 1 985 from the 
peak levels reached in Febru- 
ary and March. They rose 
again in Janaury this year as 
sterling weakened but in 1986, 
so far, they have been a tittle 
below levels on a year earlier. 
However, on average in 1985* 
86 short rates, at 12 per cent, 
have been a point or so above 
the levels of 1984-85 and 
several points above levels in 
the US and most other indus- 
trialized countries. Long rates 
have been much mere stable. 
Yields on 20 year gilts have 
been within 10-11 percent 
range for almost all of the last 
three years, but they have 
recently -fallen below 10 per- 
cent for the first time since 
1973. Real yields on index 
linked gilts have also been 
relatively stable. 

M0 was near the centre of its 
target range in the early 
months of 1985-86, but 
growth slowed during the 
course of the year, mainly in 
response to the increase in 
interest rates last winter. In 
recent months M0 growth has 
generally been just above the 
bottom of its target range. The 
annual increse in M0 velocity 
has been relatively stable for 
many years now. 

Growth in the non-interest 
bearing component of Ml, 
3 per cent over the last year, 
has also slowed. This has been 
in response to higher interest 
rates and the inercsed avail- 
ability of high interest cheque 
accounts which are in Ml, 
contributing to an accelera- 
tion on Ml in total 
The rate of growth of £M3 
has risen during the course of 
1985-86 and nos been well 
above bo th the target range set 
in 1985 MTFS and the growth 
of money GDP. With the 
funding objective now set at 
the level needed to cover the 
P5BR, £M3 growth, at 14- 
15 per cent on a year earlier in 
recent months, has .reflected a 
continued strong expansion of 
bank credit Other broad ag- 
gregates have grown at much 
the same rate: 

The last two to three years 
as a whole have exhibited 
relatively little change in most 
measures of cost and price 
competitiveness, although 
there have been large short- 
term swings associated with 
movements in the nominal 
exchange rate. 

Between 1982 and 1985 the 
growth in demand for manu- 
factures (5ft per cent at an 
annual rate) has been shared 
by importers and domestic 
producers, with • importers 
continuing to increae their 
share. Domestic demand for 
manufactures is epxecled to 
grow in 1986, because of 
nmher growth in investment 
and expenditure on consumer 
durables in particular. Growth 
in imports of manufactures in 
1986 is forecast to be over 
7 per cent, twice as fast as 
domestic demand growth, a 
relationship simitar to that 
between 1982 an 1985. 

The prospect is for a sub- 
stantial fall in the surplus on 
trade in oil in 1986 as a result 
of lower oil prices, partly 
offset in the current account as 


Monetary growth, 
on a year 



Employed labour 
force (millions) 


% changes hr output 
per head (annua] averages) 
1964-73 1973-79 1979-65 







1 JO 

■ Exckxfes pubic Mrricai and ofl. tncfcities nationafeed Industrie accept stM 


Long term aim of 
faster growth 

oxpianod in Mrttar puMcanons and govamnwm toracasts (see Ecanomc Prograss 3 w *?°* e by invisible 

Ropori June 1981). TTw caculationa ol average wrore are based on forecasts mode earnings of foreign-Owned 
bertwaw 1975 and 198a. THe errors are after adjustment fra the effects of major rnmnanir " 


cnanges m fiscal pokey where excluded tram the forecasts, 
gg cam of GDP at market prices shown in brackets. 

Growth ol the money supply and money GDP* 
1985-86 1986-87 1987-88 1988-69 1989-90 

Money GDP 






6 % 









" The money GDP figure tor 1986-67 is a forecast and in subsequent years 
the figures are assumptions. 

companies operating in the 
North Sea. Little change in oil 
production is expected and 
domestic demand for oil may 
be below the 1985 level which 
was boosted by the coal strike. 

The surplus on trade in 
services has more than dou- 
bled since 1982. 1985 was an 
exceptionally good year, with 
large gains in earnings from 
financial services, tourism 
and travel. 

The Chancellor's measures, 
aimed dearly at boosting en- 
terprise, wider share owner- 
ship and incentives, make up 
a “supply-side’’ Budget The 
tax changes are intended to 
make the economy grow at a 
taster pace over the long term, 
while the Government’s medi- 
um term financial strategy has 
been restated, to maintain the 
downward pressure on 

The major Budget surprise 
was Mr Lawson’s ability to 
introduce a lp reduction in 
the basfcrate.of income tax - 
whfle at the same time cutting 
his target for public sector 
borrowing in 1986/87 from 
£7.5 billion to £7 billion. 

This was in spite of a £5.5 
billion loss of oil tax revenues 
over previous plans. North 
Sea revenues next year are 
now targeted at £6 billion, 
compared with an original 
forecast, a year ago, of £11.5 

The Chancellor has been 
able to achieve this by predict- 
ing stronger growth in the 
economy, with growth of 3 per 
cent this year, and a much 
higher take from non-oil taxes, 
as a result. Over the next 
financial year, these are ex- 
pected to be £2.5 billion higher 
than was expected a year ago. 

The cut in the basic rate of 
tax, the first since 1979, was 
accompanied by a revival of 
the target to cut the rale to 25 
pence in the pound. Treasury 
plans show that the Chancel- 
lor is likely to have £2 billion 
to give away next year, and £4 
billion in the Spring of 1988, 
which could be the pre-elec- 
tion Budget if the Govern- 
ment stays in office for its full 

Higher rates of income tax 
were left unchanged, but tax 
allowances and thresholds, 
generally, raised in line with 
inflation, were lifted by a 
uniform £1,000 at the top end 
of the tax scale. For higher rate 
bands, this means a rise of less 
than inflation. 

The changes in excise duties 
broadly offset one another, 
with real increases in the duty 
on petrol and tobacco, offset 
by the decision to leave duties 

on alcohol and the road fund 
licence unchanged. This is in 
line with the Chancellor's 
prediction of 3.5 per cent 
inflation by the end of the 
year, and 3 per cent by 1988. 

The major package for in- 
vestors, with the creation of 
personal equity plans to en- 
courage individual investors 
to buy shares and a halving of 
stamp duly on share pur- 
chases, is accompanied by 
moves to boost profit-sharing 
schemes. The Government 
believes that workers who 
own a stake in their company 
-will be less likely to push for 
targe pay increases. 

Together with this, the 
Chancellor encouraged invest- 
ment in small companies by 
extending the Business Expan- 
sion Scheme indefinitely, and 
exempting from capital gains 
tax the profit on the first sale 
of stakes in such companies. 

The jobs package; costed at 
£195 million, arms an extra 
25,000 places to the Commu- 
nity Programme over present 
plans to increase it to 230,000 
places, and introduce a new 
country-wide scheme called 
Restart, combining the experi- 
mental Job Start and Counsel- 
ling schemes which have been 
running since the start of the 
year in pilot areas. 

A New Workers Scheme 
will provide incentives for 
employers to take on low-paid 
teenagers, providing them 
with a £15 allowance, and the 
enterprise allowance is to be 
expanded to 100,000 annual 

The jobs package, designed 
by the Secretary of State for 
Employment, Lord Young of 
Granharn, is the price Mr 
Lawson had to pay for getting 
the Cabinet to agree on a cut in 
the basic rale of income tax. 
Even so, the employment 
effects are likely to be modest 
and the Chancellor will be 
placing most hopes for tailing 
unemployment on stronger 
economic growth. 

The Chancellor pleased the 
City by cutting stamp duty, 
considered essential for the 
“Big Bang’’ move to 
negota dated commissions in 


Halving of oil prices will give boost to exports 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

The big ec 

World economic prospects 
■ have been very substantially 
improved by the halving of 
world oil prices io the post few 
weeks, according to the 

The overall effect of the oil 
price cut on tile British econo- 
my is likely to be broadly 
neutral, but exporters, particu- 
larly of manufactured goods, 
will benefit from faster growth 
in world markets. 

The Treasury’s forecasts are 
for 3 per cent growth this year, 
a slight upward revision on 
previous predictions, together 
with a drop in the in nation 
rate to 3.5 per ccnu a shading 
down from the autumn fore- 
cast of a drop to 3.75 per cent 
by the end of 1986. 

The current account of the 
balance of payments is expect- 
ed to improve on last year. 
The Treasury expects a sur- 
plus of 13.5 billion, compared 
with last year's £3 billion 
surplus, in spue of the sharp 
drop in oil prices. 

economic policy 
surprise of the Budget was the 
Chancellor's announcement 
of a lower target for the public 
sector borrowing requirement 
in 1986/87, in spite of a near 
halving of North Sea reve- 
nues, now forecast at £6 
billion in the next financial 
year, compared with an origi- 
nal £! 1.5 billion forecast. 

Despite this Mr Lawson has 
revised down the 1986/87 
PSBR target from £7.5 billion 
to £7 billion, or 1.75 per cent 
of gross domestic product In 
the first 1 1 months of 1985/86 
the PSBR, on figures released 
yesterday, was £ 2.8 billion. 

The fall in the PSBR this 
year has been the sharpest 
since 1 981/82, the Chancellor 
said. He cited the reasons for 
this as tight control of public 
spending,, with an expected 
fall in real terms even after 
allowing for the coal strike, 
and the buoyancy of non-oil 
tax revenues in spite of a £2 
billion dip in North Sea 

World Economy 

quarter of 1981, admittedly mem, 

Per cent changes on a year earlier 


385 1986 

first half 

GNP in Major 7 Countries* 
Consumer Prices in Major 7 

World imports 
World trade in manufactures 
(UK weighted] 












■ USA. Canada. Japan. France. Gannany. Italy and UK. 

revenues from the original 
£13-5 billion forecast 

In restating the medium 
term financial strategy, the 
Chancellor left his target for 
narrow money, M0, un- 
changed with a 2 to 6 percent 
target range set for the next 12 
months, as in previous plans. 

However, as a result of 
financial innovation and the 
increased attractiveness of in- 
terest-bearing assets in a peri- 
od of declining inflation, the 
Chancellor has sharply revised 
his target for broad’ money, 
sterling M3. 

The original 1986/87 target 
for sterling M3, of 4 to 8 per 
cent, has been revised up to 1 1 
to 15 per cent In the 12 
months to the February bank- 
ing month, sterling M3 growth 
was 14.75 percent. 

The abandonment of 
overfunding the PSBR to con- 
trol broad money growth, 
announced last October, is 

a low base. Since that 
low point, the underlying rate 
of growth of gross domestic 
product has been about 2.5 
percent, a figure that has been 
subject to some distortion, 
most recently by the effects of 
the miners' strike in shifting 
growth from 1984/83 to 

The rate of inflation, which 
averaged 18.1 per cent as 
recently as 1980 and touched 
22 per cent that year, fell 
rapidly to 3.7 per cent by May 
1983, just before the last 
general election. 

Since then, progress to- 
wards lower inflation has been 
slow. The sharp tall in the 
pound in the winter of 
1984/85 pushed inflation to 7 
per cent by last May. 

The rate has smee come 
down, after a period of re- 

further downward 
is likely. 

Government’s eco- 
nomic policies have been in a 
state of flux since the 1983 
election. The Chancellor has 
sought to replace the earlier, 
dogmatic version of policy, 
with its heavy reliance on foe 
sterling M3 measure of money 
supply and the public sector 
borrowing requirement, with, 
a more pragmatic but never- 
theless financially prudent 

Last October, Mr Lawson 
announced that be was sus- 
pending the target for sterling 
M3, a move interpreted as a 
sign of a return to the old 
emphasis of monetary policy, 
ensuing a stable exchange 

The Treasury has been ex- 
amining alternative broad 

ZZZZZS flown ' ***** a venod or re- money measures, and entry to 

ra!es J v ^ markable stability for foe the European Monetary Sys- 
be foe weapon of monetary retail prices index, to 5.5 per tem remains a live issue. 

cent in January, with foe sharp The Government has been 

tall in oil prices providing a 
clear indication that, in a less 
inflationary world environ- 

weapon of monetary 


The economic recovery, a 
post-war record in terms of 
duration, began in the second 

generally unsuccessful in con- 
trolling the sterling M3 mea- 
sure of money supply 


Growth combined 
with low inflation 
for price stability 

By David Smith, Economics 


The Medium. Term Finan- 
cial Strategy provides the 
framework lor economic poli- 
cy, as it has since 1 980. It is mr 

tended to bring inflation down 
further over a l. 
and ultimately to 

It is complemented by poli- 
cies which encourage enter- 
prise, efficiency and 
flexibility, promoting foe 
growth of output and the 
creation of jobs. 

Economic policy is set in a 

nominal framework in which 
public expenditure is con- 
trolled in cash terms and foe 
growth of money GDP (gross 
domestic product m money 
terms) is gradually reduced by 
monetary and fiscal policy. 

As the growth of money 
GDP declines, inflation is 

creased foe relative attractive- 
nesS of financial /assets; and 
financial liberalization and 
increased' competition be- 
tween -banks and building 
societies haw led to a rapid 
build-up Gfboth liquidity and 

Yet this has proved consis- 
tent witb a dettiue in both 
inflation and money GDP 
growth. At the same tune, the 
high proportion of interest- 
bearing deposits within broad 
money has meant that the 
immediate response of broad 

money GDP growth be- 
tween output growth and in- 
flation is improved- 

inflation has come down to 
about 3 per cent and is set to 
tall further. The economy is 
about to embark on its sixth 
successive year of growth. For 
the first time since the 1960s, 
steady growth is now being 
combined with iovrinfiatkm. 

Policy wdl be directed at 
maintaining monetary condi- 
tions that will bring about a 
gradual reduction in the 
growth of money GDP over 
the medium term. 

While the money GDP 
figures are not targets, and 
fluctuations will occur, the 
aim will be to avoid substan- 
tial departures in either direc- 
tion in the medium term. This 
is consistent with both a 
further reduction in inflation 
and continued growth ra real 
output at a sustainable rate. 

The growth of money GDP 
in 1986-87 is expected to be 
slightly higher than assumed 
last year. Partly as a conse- 
quence of the sharp tall in oil 
prices, output growth is higher 
and inflation lower. In the 
later years, money GDP 
growth declines further. The 
path allows for higher growth 
of productive potential and a 
slower decline in oil pcodn^ 
lion than was assumed last 

While firm mone&uy poli- 
cies miist be supported fry low. 
public sector borrowing in the 
medium term, there- is some 
scope for varying foe balance 
between fiscal and monetary 
policy, especially in the short 
terra. "■ 

In practice, the Budget pro- 
vides foe main opportunity to. 
review fiscal policy, while 
short-term -interest rates can 
be varied more frequently to 
keep monetary conditions on 

Until recently, foe authori- 
ties also sought to control the 
growth of broad mcmey and 
liquidity by overfunding - that 
is, selling more ddx that is 
needed to fund the PSBR 
(public sector borrowing 
requirement). ' 

This was generally seen as a 
distortion m financial mar- 
kets, and it was reflected in the 
rising stock of commercial 
bills held by the- Bank of 

On the view that systematic 
overfunding was neither sus- 
tainable nor an effective medi- 
um-term means of affecting 
monetary conditions, the 
lancdlor announced in Oc- 

ie shorMcnn mserest rates » 
highly uncertain. . 

In implementing policy and 
in mal ti ng decisions about 
short-term in t ere st rates, the 
Government has . to make a 
careful assessment of foe be- 
haviour of the monetary ag- 
gregates in relation to their 
targets, together with, other 
relevant evidence; especially 
foe exchange rate. 

There is no medtanctal 
formula for taking foe ex- 
change rate into account in 
assessing monetary condi- 
tians; a balance must be struck 
between foe exchange rate and 
domestic monetary growth 
consistent with the 
Government's aims for mon- 
- eyGDP and inflation. 

If the underlying growth if 
MO or £M3 were to move 
significantly outside their tar- 
get ranges, foe Government 
would take action on interest 
. rases, unless other indicators 
suggested dearly that mone- 
tary conditions remained 
satisfactory. . 

Experience has shown that a 
change in shorWenn rates is 
unlikely to alter the growth of 
£M3 significantly within foe 
target period. Kn such action 
cfcaify affects foe tightness of 
monetary conditions, which is 
what matier* and this would 
be Hkdy to show, up in foe 
behaviour of MO and foe 
exchange rate. • 

The PSBR in 1985-86 is 
expected to be about 2 per cent 
of GDP, in line with test year’s 
projection. Hus comes after 
four . years when the PSBR 
remamedat abour3K percent 
of GDP. The sharp reduction 
this year would have taken 
place in .1984-85 but for foe 
-coal strike. It is the second 
significant, do wn ward step 
since. the MTFS began in 
1980." -• 

The PSBR for 1986-87 is set 
at £7 billion, or 1% per cent of 
GDP, slightly below the leve l 
indicated in last year’s MTFS. 
North Sea revenues are pro- 
jected to decline steeply in 
1986-87 to about £6- billion, 
roughly half their level in 

The proceeds of the 
Government's privatization 
programme are expected to 
rise from £2.5 billion in 1985- 
86 to £4.73 billion in 1986-87, 
as set out in the Autumn 
Statement. ’ 

A further slight reduction in 
PSBR to 116 per cent of GDP 
is projected for 1988-89 and 

tober 1983 that sales or debt 
outside foe banking system in 
any financi al year would be 
limited to the amount needed 
to fund foe PSBR; and that 

Oil prices , are assumed to 
average $13 a barrel for foe 
rest of 1986 and throughout 
1987, and thereafter to remain 
broadly unchanged in real 
terms, ft is assumed that there 
is no big change in either the 
sterling exchange rate index or 
the steriing/dollar exchange 
rate from year to year. 

Continued restraint m pub- 
lic spending plays a vital role 
prthe Government’s econom- 
ic strategy. The. cash p lanning 
totals set by the Government 
in the Whitt Paper are de- 

policy action within the year **> bold, total spending 

to influence monetary condi- broadly level " 

trans would rake the form of 
changing short-term interest 

Monetary conditions are 
assessed in the light of move- 
ments in' narrow and broad 
money and the behaviour of 
other financial. indicators, in 
particular the exchange rate. 

ideally, foe target aggregate 
for narrow, money should 
reflect those (principally nibt- 
interest bearing) assets that are 
used directly formating trans- 
actions. . It should respond 
unambiguously, but not be 
over-sensitive, to interest rate 
changes, - and should have a 
arable relationship with mon- 
ey GDP. In practice, however, 
there is no single measure of 
narrow' money that meets all 
these criteria. 

Narrow money M0 covers 
only a small range of transac- 
t ion balanc es. It has however 
demonstrated a relatively sta- 
ble velocity trend oyer a long 
period and it responds in an 
unambitious manner to 
changes in interest rates. . 

Ita velocity has. risen as 
institutional change and. tech- 
nological developments have ' 
fed to a progressive reduction 

m the use of case>-butthi*has 
been occurring at a fiiriy 
steady and predictable pace. 
M0 Iras proved a good indica- 
tor of monetary conditions in 
recent years and remains- foe 
best choice of narrow aggre- 
gate for target purposes. 

M easure s of broad money 
have persistently grown fester 
than money GDP over the last 
six years, in contrast with 
experience in the 1970s. High 
rral interest rates have ra- 

in real terms. 

As a proportion of GDP, 
general government expendi- 
ture has fallen significantly 
from its peak of more than 46 
per cent in 1982-83. Given foe 
assumed growth of output, it 
is projected to decline further 
from 44 per cent in 1985-86 to 
j«s than 40 per cent in 1989- 
90. This will enable a contra- 
ws d tow level of borrowing to 

be combined with reductions 
in foe. burden of taxation, so 
improving mbtiviafkra, effi- 
ciency and employment. 

The growth in govemment 
revenues in cash terms over 
the medium term will depend 
oir foe growth of incomes, 
spending and prices, as well as 
011 d®cfeioiL On foe 
unchanged policy assump- 
tions set out above, general 
government receipts are ex- 
pected to increase somewhat 
less titan money GDP. 

. revenues from 

foe North Sea are projected to 

MT sharply ra 1986-87 from 

I9SS-86, mainly because of 

foe drop m ofl prices. ' 

Events at home and abroad 
nay modify some of foe 
assumptions on which the 
projections : have been based 
fort the Government is com- 
edited to maintaining foe 
progross to lower inflaSm .in 
trcmedium term, secured by 
appropriate financial poficira. 

The MTFS provides foe 
fra mewo rk within which foe 
Government. wiU pursue its 
economic policy,' It provides 
as firm a guarantee against 
“^dequate money demand as- 
it does against excessive mon- 
ey demand. • ~ 







V .. 

* j.. V ’ 

■ ** K ? s *. _ 



c ?Hlhk- S R Gent 

•OH' EK 



S R Gent, suppliers of 
women s dresses to Maries and 
Spencer, has announced inter- 
im preax profits sharply 
dojm &om £901,000 -to 
03,000 for the six months to 
December 31, 

_ Turnover was np 6.7 ner 
cent to £43.9 million, suggest- 
ing that Marks and Spencer 
which accounts for approxil 
nately 90 per cent of Gem’s, 
turnover, . has mamiairip^ its 

However, it is clear that 
margins are being squeezed 
increasingly as Marks and 
Spencer is still suffering from 
the effects of unscasonal 
weather in iheJast 18 months. 

Gent has blamed difficult 
trading conditions in the most 
important areas of its. busi- 
ness. particularly women's 
dresses. Marks and Spencer 
has been concentrating on 
baying more basic lines and 
this has further squeezed al- 
ready slim margins 
After cutting last year’s final 
dividend from 2p per share to 
Ip, Gent has halved this year’s 
interim from Ip to 0.5p. The 
joint chief executives have 
waived their entitlement to 
receive die interim in respect 
of their personal holdings of 
21 . 7 million shares amounting 
to just over 60 per cent of the 
company. Tempos, page 31 

Record trade 
deficit for US 

The US trade deficit rose to 
a record $1 17.7 biffion (£803 
billion) last year as the strong 
dollar brought a surge in 
imports. The previous highest 
shortfall was in 1984, when 
the deficit in the balance of 
payments on current account, 
reached $107.4 billion. 

The US became a net debtor 
last year when dividends and 
interest going abroad exceed- 
ed the payments from abroad. 

Sidlaw buy 

Sidiaw Group has acquired 
Edwards (Aberdeen), a private 
company in wholesale cash- 
and-carry food distribution. 
The initial price will be £138 
million. An additional pay- 
ment, up to a maximum of 
£850,000. may be made, based 
on profits. 

Profits rise 

Pretax profits at Paterson 
Zochonis rose from £17.52 
million to £20.87 million in , 
the half-year K>Noven»ber30, , ; 
despite a drop ‘ in turnover j 
from £150.02 million to 
£ 1 20.45 million. The interim 
dividend is raised from 135p 
to 1.65p. 

Merger on 

The acquisition by Waitaki , 
NZ Refrigerating of certain i 
assets of Thomas Borthwick & 
Sons is not to be referred to 
the Monopolies Commission. 


•e V, 


bid for 

ji "V*-*" j 



in frill-scale takeover 

Cheaper money hopes 
boost building firms 

ByRkhard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 

Give Discount, die fifth faig- 
est discount house-in asset q*», 
yesterday, announced it had 
agreed terms hr a takeova- by 
Bache Group Incorp ora ted, the 
large American securities house, 
in preparation for big bang. 

Bache win pay 50p fin* <■«* 
ordinary share worth 20p. The 
price is 50 per cent above Give's 
net asset value on February 28, 
valuing each ordinary share at 
32pu • .... • 

The a r ran ge me nt follows an 
option agreement taken out by 
Bathe last year to buy 33 per cent 
of G ive at a 50 per cent 
premium, but at that time the 
offer was 57p per share, After the 
new offer to buy Clive outrig ht, 
the original option agreement 
wiD lapse. 

The premium over the net 
asset value erf Give is higher 
than has been paid for other 

discount houses by'- financed 

" services companies. Mr dais de 
Boer ofBache said: “We consid- 
.cr h a fair price given foe way 
Give will fit into our plans for 
the starting raarioet: and the 
expertise of the. people 
involved". r 

thi'h* had no tntantvm of 
interfering in the way the cfc- 
conm houre woukl operate after 
the takeover, beared 

Mr Nick Chambeden, the 

Nicfc Chambering woeked 
dosely with Bache 

chairman of Give, said foe £12 
tniltinn takeover agreement 
came after Give bad worked 
dosdy with foe American group 
in the last few months. - 

Hie move would ensure in- 
creased capital ^wiring for foe 
discount bouse after big bang, 
avowing it to continue its tradi- 
tional business erf nwrfcea mak- 
ing in short-dated wonimwiw, 

A second reason was to 
involve Give in a primary 
dealership in foe British gilt- 
edged market 

Ctive will be a crucial part of 
the group being formed by Bache 
to cover London’s sterling mar- 

kets after deregulation. Bachc 
already owns 29.9 per cent ofP- 
B Securities, Qown de Boer & 
Duckett, foe stock broker, of 
which it will take full ownership 
in July. 

With foe co-operation of Oive 
piscount, P-BDDD has set up 
two subafoaries — a primary 
gibs dealewhip and a money 
broker — which win crane into 
operati on after October. Bache is 
ca pitalizing foe primary deakr- 

<hi p at £25 miTHow irminRy h 

so for not saying bow much it 
wiD add to Grve’s capitalization. 

Bache owns 100 per cent of 
Prudential Bache Securities, rare 
erf foe largest US securities 
bouses with more than 300 
branches in 18 different 

Mr Chambeden said: “We do 
not expect to be very h^b-profile 
players in foe new gibs markets 
as some of our com p e tit or s 
evidently intend to be. However, 
we believe it is very imp ortan t to 
us that Bache has a large base erf 
nxaiTc&nls which win hdp us to 
operate effectively in the 

The Bank ofEogkmd has rules 
that nine discount houses win 
enrtmnp to wgg fc fn fire 
traditional way but Give is not 
the only discount boose to have 
been bought by a US company. 
Gticorp last year paid £7 reunion 
for Seccombe Marshall and 

Berisford rivalry intensifies 
as Ferruzzi chief flies in 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

Sir John Harvey- Jones, 
above, chairman of ICL was 
paid £312^91 last year, an 
increase of £25,730 or jwt 
under 9 per cent on the 
£287*261 be received in 1984. 
Sir John says in his a nimal 
report that the base for growth 
in co nsum er and .speciality 
products is well established 

Dawson sues 

Dawson International, 
whose agreed merger with 
Coats Pawns was abruptedly 
called off when Coals decided 
to recommend a rival bid, is 
suing Coats for foe estimated 
£6 million costs of foe abor- 
tive bid. 

Hfllsdown, foe food group, 
announced yesterday that, it 
had raised its stake in foe 
commodity trader SAW 
Berisford — which it has been 
stalking for some months — to 
10.4 percent 

Meanwhile, manoeuvring 
intensified with foe. arrival in 
London of Signor' Raul 
Gardini, president of foe rival 
suitor, Ferruzzi, the Italian, 
agricultural group. 

Ferruzzfs adviser, Barclays. 
Merchant Bank, has acquired 
a 9 percent stake in.BerisfonL 

With its share pride hover- 
ing around 227p, Berisford is 
valued at £434 million. 
Barclays is understood to have 
paid 22 5p a share. Hiflsdown 
was trading at 248p yesterday, 
capitalizing foeigroup at .£468; 
.million! Most oCTbt Fermzzi 
companies' are" privately 

£8bn target 

By Oar Economics 

The public sector borrowing 
requirement was a negative 
£373 million last month, con- 
founding the expectations of 
City economists. The .unex- 
pected repayment in February 
followed a larger one, of £4.5 
billion, in January. 

The cumulative PSBR for 
foe first 11 months of foe 
financial year was £2.8 billion, 
compared with the Treasury’s 
ori ginal target of £7 billion for 
foe complete financial year. 
This target was revised up to 
£8 billion in the Chancellor’s 
autumn statement last 

' The figures would appear w 

guaran tee a sizeable PSBR 
undershoot for foe financial 
year. In foe first ! 1 months of 
the last financial year, foe 
-cumulative PSBR was £7.7 

Revenues are running 
strongly ahead. Consolidated 
fund revenues were £8.6 bil- 
lion last month and, in foe 
first 1 1 months of foe financial 
year, £97.1 billion, 9.5 per cent 
up on a year earlier. 

Inland Revenue receipts 
were up by £5.6 billion on foe 
previous year. Customs and 
exrise takings were up by £1.8 

mi m ~ 

owned and the company has 
not published a consolidated 
balance sheet 
Ferruzzi has been engaged 
hi complex negotiations with 
Berisford, whose chairman is 
Mr Ephraim Margufies, to 

take over British Sugar while 
allowing the rest of the group 
to revert to being a private 
company. The Italian group is 
already Europe’s biggest sugar 
concern, and- if allied with 
Briitsh Sugar would control 
almost a quarter of EEC sugar 
production quotas. 

Berisford was forced to 
make provisions totalling £35 
million against losses from the 
collapse of foe International 
Tin Council’s trading opera- 
tion. The company has also 
suffered from low commodity 
prices and stagnant markets. 
Several traders have left the 

Hfllsdown, which includes 
among its properties foe 
Buxied Poultry, Ross Poultry, 
Smedley’s, and FMC names, 
is thought to be more interest- 
ed in foe whole of Berisford. 

By Alison Eadie 

Sir Hector Laing, chairman 
of United Biscuits, yesterday 
won bis shareholders’ approv- 
al for the company’s £2.5 
billion bid for -Imperial 

The voting was 42 to 10 on a 
show of bands ax foe extraor- 
dinary shareholders’ meeting 
and 94.9 million shares to 163 
million, according to proxies 

The proxies represented 28 
per cent of US’s equity. 

Mr Russel Edey of Roth- 
schild merchant bank, acting 
for foe rival bidder Hanson 
Trust, put four questions to 
Sir Hector. 

He asked whether UB could 
give assurances that it was not 
considering raising its offer; 
how the board could recom- 
mend the merger with Imperi- 
al, even though the terms of 
foe second merger were far 
less favourable to UB share- 
holders; whether sharehold- 
ers' income had been 
considered; and finally how 
UB estimated its potential loss 
on buying 14.9 per cent of 
Imperial could only be a 
maximum £20 millif\n and 
why shareholders' approval 
had not been sought for foe 

Sir Hector said he saw no 
reason to increase LIB'S bid. 
but reserved his option to do 

He said foe revised merger 
proposals gave UB sharehold- 
ers 31 per cent of the com- 
bined group for patting in 29 
per cent of the profits and 20 
per cent of foe assets. 

He said an announcement 
on shareholders’ dividends 
would be made at foe appro- 
priate time. 

Finally, he said, 
shareholders' approval for foe 
Imps share purchases had not 
been sought because there was 
no risk of any significant loss. 
UB was showing a profit of 
£17 minimi on hs stake. 

One shareholder complain- 
ed of the literature coming 
through her letter box. 

She added that small share- 
holders were so confused they 
did not know which way to 

Tempos, page 31 

Stock markets exuded opti- 
mism ahead of foe Budget. 
After a cautious opening in foe 
wake of Wall Street's 15-point 
correction overnight investors 
were soon encouraged by the 
cheaper price levels, so that by 
foe ume foe Chancellor stood 
up just after 330 an early fall 
of more than seven points in 
foe FT index had been re- 

Another cheerful set of pub- 
lic sector borrowing figures 
helped to sustain gains of% in 
gilts, already excited by foe 
prospect of base rate cuts. 
Building shares made a firm 
showing on the brighter out- 
look tor mortgages. Brick 
makers, timbers and cement 
shares all made substantial 

Among foe best performers 
were Tarmac at 450p up 18p, 
Blue Circle 13p higher at 
66 lp. and Magnet & South- 
erns 8p better at 162p. SGB 
Group hardened 2p to 302p 
after the annual meeting. 

Stores was another sector to 
benefit from the cheaper mon- 
ey trend. Marks and Spencer, 
which is expanding into furni- 
ture, improved 5p to 203p. 
Boots was active again at 275p 
up 4p, while Combined En- 
glish Stores Group, with re- 
sults later this month, gained 
6p to 197p. Against foe trend 
woohvorth lost 5p to 598p. 
Dee Corporation (up 7p to 
27Sp) dampened recent take- 
over speculation. 

Hopes that the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries ministers will even- 

tually decide to cut production 
levels boosted oil, where BP at 
560p and Shell 755p both 
advanced 12p. Breweries 
made a dull showing on foe 
threat of duty increases but 
news that foe Chancellor had 
ignored the sector gave share 
prices a fillip in late trading. 

Tobbaccos were firm under 
the lead of BAT Industries, up 
15p to 408p in sympathy with 
the current strength of foe 
sector across the Atlantic. 
S&W Berisford added Ip to 
227p as Tate & Lyle increased 
its stake from 2 per cent to 4 
per cent by market purchases 
at 225fep. This was in reply to 
Ferruzzi's “tea time” raid on 
Monday in which it picked up 
9 per cent of Berisford. 
Hfllsdown, 4p better at 245p, 
bad already increased its hold- 
ing in Berisford to over 10 per 
cent last week. RHM, in 
which Berisford has a substan- 
tial holding rose 6p to 216p. 

Bank shares returned to 
favour after last weeks’ 
upgradings by two leading 
brokers. National Westmin- 
ster climbed 15p to 832p and 
Barclays closed 13p better at 
527p. In discount houses Clive 
Discount Holdings hardened 
Ip to 47p as Bache & Co of 
America made a 50p cash bid 
for shares it did not already 

Elsewhere in financials 
Exco tumbled lOp to 222p as a 
corporate client of its subsid- 
iary, Wico, foiled to honour a 
bargain of around £30 million. 

A 37 per cent profits in- 
crease supported Expamet at 



Abbott M V (180p) 220 

Ashley (L) (135p) 223 dn 3 

BPP (160p) 190 dn 3 

Brookmount (160p) 180 

Chart FL (86p) 90 

Chancery Secs (63p) 76 

Conv 9% A 2000 £25% 

Cranswick M (95p) 107 

Dialene ( 128p ) 205 

Ferguson (J) (10p) 28 

Grenyte Surface (56p) 85 

Inoco (55p) 47 

JS Pathology (160p) 278 dn 7 
Jarvis Porter (105p) 138 

Ktearfoid (118p) 123 

Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 138 

Mari vale M (115p) 140 up 3 

Norank Sys (90p) 125 dn 5 

Really Useful (330p) 353 dn 3 

SAC Inti (lOOp) 

SPP (125p) 
Templeton (21 5p) 
Sigmex (1 01 p) 
Snowdon & S (97p) 

Tech Comp (130p) 
Underwoods (I80p) 
Wellcome (120p) 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (140p) 


Cullens N/P 
Hartwells N/P 
NMW Comp 
Porter chad F/P 
Safeway UK £4 
Warns F/P 

231 dn 2 
233 up 3 

155 dnl 

Wates F/P 

Westland F/P 88 

(Issue price in brackets). 



£46'« up *4 
88 up 2 

168p up 3p but profits much 
as expected left Paterson 
Zochonis 8p lower at 250p. 
Hall Engineering jumped 6p 
to I86p still reflecting recent 
comment. Westland pur on 
another 2p to 88p following a 
Pan American contract Sobel 
owed its 9p rise to 65p to chart 
buying. AE, a firm market 
after foe Cadillac contract 
dipped 8pto 176p. 

Almost doubled profits 
strengthened Automotive 
Products at 227p up 3p. 
Kenning Motor improved 4p 
to 1 75p awaiting bid develop- 
ments from Tozer Kerns ley, 
4p better at I03p. 

Trusthouse Forte attracted 
fresh speculative interest at 
I96p up 2p. Brent Walker was 
another firm spot in leisure 
shares, at I I8p up 6p. Recent 
comment helped Unigate to 
another 5p improvement to 
288p. In the publishing sector 
St Ives Group 'soared 8Sp to 
775p on the £233 million 
expansion moves. 

Octopus, reporting on 
-Thursday, rose lOp more to 
640p. SR Gent held steady at 
64p. pleased with a small 
profit instead of foe expected 
losses. BM Group jumped 1 5p 
to 1 7Sp in response to doubled 
profits. Thomson T-Line ral- 
lied lOp to lS8p ahead of 
today’s ex-rights quotation. 
Sunleigh Electronics attracted 
revived speculative support at 
24l6p up 1 '/ip. 

In contract Access Satellite, 
which was trading at well over 
£3 a share last year, tumbled 
another 8p to 70p as jobbers 
searched for a support level. 
Takeover speculation contin- 
ued to excite AB Ports at 
530p, up 7p ahead of results 
next month. Rentokil, report- 
ing today, added 2p to 172p. 
Dealers are looking for in- 
creased profits of around 
£27‘/» million. 

In textiles Dawson Interna- 
tional improved 4p to 254p as 
it took legal action against 
Coats Patons concerning the 
recent change of mind on the 
Vantona bid. *- 

Garnar Booth was wanted at 
192p up 8p and Wellcome 
absorbed early profit taking to 
close 3p firmer at 233p on foe 
prospects for their anti-Aids * 
drug. Profit-taking docked 30p 
from W illiam Baird at S30p. 

Growth in British 
output slows 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Volcker ‘is Client’s default costs Exco 
not about £30m in Tokyo share deal 

to resign’ By Teresa Poole 




New York . 

Dow Jones 


Nikkei Dow 

Hong Kong: 

Hang Seng 
Amsterdam: Gan 

Commerzbank ~ 


General — 

Parts: CAC 


SKA General — 

„ 177921 (+23S) 

14S3&32 (-16L20}. 

_ 1561 .72 (-4.771 
261.0 (+0-4) 

261.0 (+0-4) 

_ 1124.5 C+12-6} 

_ 20733 (-1&6) 

.... 509.40 (unch) 


Brent Walker — 


HaHErtg — 

Boots — . — 
Kenning Mtr — 

288p up 5p 

216p up 6p 

118 p up 6p 



- — 275p up 4p 
175p up 4p 



Bkie Circle 

Narwest .... 



Octopus.^ — - 

Bat ind 


unonDsoouni — 


Si Ives Grp 

Thomson T U» - 

Gamer Boom 

Dee Co*p — 

«50p up '6p 
27ZP upTft* 
1.. 6A0DUP1OP 
doaoup isp 
.. .. 580CUD 120 
598p uD '0p 
. . . 6620UP20P 
up B5p 


...„ 275p up ?P 


Wdv Dud — — 473p down lOp 

WM Baird 530p down 3^ 

E Vttx? 22pdown lOp 

Paterson Zochonis 250pdown8p 


E: $1.4772 
£ DM3.3271 
£; FFr102292 
£: Yan25885 
£: lndex:74^ 

New York: • 

£: SI .4772 
$: DM22510 
$: Index: 116.7 
ECU £1 5301-1.5326 
SDR £0.791676 



Bank Basa- 12% .. . 

3 -momntniertJanfc UK IIVw 
3-momh aBgAlfi DdB-llVIl’A 
Dicing raw 

Prime Rate 9 
Federal Funds 7’m 
jjTjomn Treasuy Brfis 6 54-6.53 
30- year DoncK .1 13^-p- 1 

Growth in British output 
has slowed, according to offi- 
cial figures released yesterday. 

Although overall in du st ri al 
production rose by 1.6 per 
cent in January, its perfor- 
mance over foe latest three 
months has been flaL 

Manufacturing output fell 
by 0.1 percent in January, and 
was up by just 0.4 per cent in 
the November-Januaiy peri- 
od, compared with the. previ- 
ous three months. 

Officials believe that overall 
industrial production is rising 
at an underlying ?tmual rate erf 
only 1 per cent, while manu- 
facturing is growing at a 
slightly better pace of 2 per 

Industrial production was 
boosted in January by a 
recovery in energy output 
from foe low December levels. 

North Sea output increased, 
as did domestic gas and 
electricity production with foe 
onset: of colder weather in 
January. .. 

■Growth in manufacturing 
output appeared to reach a 
peak in foe second quarter of 
last year, alien it was 4 per 
cent up on a year earlier. 

Since then, output has lev- 
elled off. In the latest throe 
months, foe building materi- 
als- and mechanical engineer- 

Profits up 
at Laing 

By Judith Huntley 

Laing ■ Properties' pretax 
profits for foe year ended 
December'Jl were £15.5 mil- 
lion compared with £13.2 
million in 1984. 

The company is heavily 
exposed to the US property 
market but said British and 
American portfolios added an 
equal amount to profits last 
year. Currency foils in Canada 
and America left foe company 
with a £24.7 million loss 
compared with a gain off 1 5.9 
million in 1984. 

Investment income rose 1 1 
per cent to £27.6 million and 
property sales totalled £32 
million, including the whole 
of the Canadian office 

The directors’ valuation 
added £5.5 million to proper- 
ties put into foe portfolio. The 
second-half dividend will be 
4p, making 7p a share for the 
year: ’ 

The company is aiming to 
go for value-added develop- 
ments in future. 

ing sectors have been doing 
well, with rises of 2.5 per cent 
and S.5 per cent respectively. 

But output in chemicals and 
textiles has flattened out, and 
production in foe electrical 
engineering and metals indus- 
tries was down in the latest 
three-month period. 

The manufacturing figures 
are still being revised upwards 
artificially by the so-called 
bias adjustment, based on the 
difference between actual in- 
formation received by the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, and the monthly 
surveys of output expectations 
of the Confederation of British 

In January, the index of 
manufacturing output was re- 
vised upwards by 1.1 points 
by this bias adjustment. 

However, the new system of 
adjustments, introduced in 
foe November figures, result- 
ed in too big ah upward 
adjustment in output in foe 
fourth quarter of last year, and 
foe figures have subsequently 
•bad to be revised downwards. 

Industrial output, on the 
latest figures, is 2 per cent 
higher than in foe first half of 
1979, the previous cyclical 
peak. But manufacturing out- 
put is 5 per cent lower. 

From Bailey Morris 

The United States Federal 
Reserve Board moved quickly 
yesterday to deny reports that 
Mr Paul Volcker, foe chair- 
man, planned to resign after 
suffering a big setback orches- 
trated by the new Reagan- 
appointed majority during the 
brand’s dosed door meetings 
on the recent discount rate 

A spokesman for the board, 
which acts as a central bank, 
said Mr Volcker had not 
scheduled a surprise press 
conference to announce his 
resignation yesterday despite 
the rumours on Wall Street 
Government officials did 
confirm, however, that Mr 
Volcker, who has ruled foe 
Fed with unchallenged au- 
thority, was shaken and visi- 
bly upset by the coordinated 
action of President Reagan’s 
four appointees in outvoting 
him late last month on a 
discount rate cut 
The new majority voted 4-3 
for an immediate discount 
rate cot whether or not West 
Germany and Japan took 
similar action 
Mr Volcker, described as 
dismayed by foe internal re- 
volt against his authority, 
prevailed on his colleagues to 
defer the action until a week 
later, following the decisions 
by West Germany and Japan 
to cut their rates, the official 
said. The US discount rate 
was then announced on 
March 6 as a unanimous 

Exco International, foe 
money-broking group, an- 
nounced yesterday that its 
Hong Kong-based interna- 
tional stockbroking firm, W.L 
Carr, Sons & Co (Overseas) — 
Wico — is to settle a £30 
million bargain in Tokyo after 
foe failure of a Japanese 
corporate client to complete 
the transaction. 

It is believed that Wico 
accepted an order to buy five 
million shares in a speculative 
Japanese railway company, 
the Nan Kai Railway, for a 
client who is now unable to 

By Teresa Poole 

meet foe cost of the shares. 
Wico cannot deal directly in 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange 
and would have placed the 
order through a Japanese bro- 
ker who is now demanding 

If foe client does not even- 
tually settle foe bargain, Wico 
will have to bear any loss on 
foe shares. City analysts esti- 
mated yesterday that this 
could reach £5 million, com- 
pared with expectations of 
1985 profits from Exco's 
stockbroking operations of up 
to £7 million. In 1984, stock- 

broking made pretax profits of 
£5.2 million 

Wico was granted branch 
status in Tokyo in 1984 and 
has been trying to build up 
business there. 

Exco's chairman, Mr Bill 
Matthews, said foe company 
had instructed lawyers in To- 
kyo to start proceedings 
against foe client and denial 
that this was a setback to any 
further expansion of Japanese 
business. Exco's shares fell 
13p to 21 9p, representing the 
loss per share if none of the 
£30 million is recovered. 



Opec may adopt 
strict new quotas 


Our range of tax guides indudes four which mean today’s: our special report on the Budget 

From David Young, Geneva 

The Organization of Petro- 
lemn Exporting Countries may 
adopt a new system of strictly 

policed production quotas in 
an attempt to force up world ofl 

Opec is consittering an over- 
all quota of 16 million barrels 
a day — the fignre originally 
set in London in March 1983 
before an extra half auffion 
barrels a day was allowed as a 
concession to Nigeria and Iraq 
and member countries started 
to over-produce. 

However, it has been pro- 
posed that the quota coaid be 
varied on a seasonal basis 
according to each country's 
needs and the buying patterns 
of its major customers. 

Snch a radical Tension of 
the quota system depends on 
each country a greeing to stick 
rigidly to the system and. more 
importantly, Saudi Arabia ac- 
cepting a quota of around 4 JS 
mfliinn barrels a day, which is 
less than its present 
prod action. 

Saudi Arabia's ofl minister. 
Sheikh Ahmed Zalti Yamam, 
has indicated that he may be 
prepared to accept such a 
system, bat is insisting on its 
unanimous acceptance togeth- 
er with an indication from the 
■eoOpec producers that they 
would not mop np any excess 

‘ Today, non-Opec ofl pro- 
ducers such as Mexico, Ma- 
laysia, Oman, Egypt and 
Angola will be asked for their 
co-operation. Opec is still 
considering how it should 
approach Britain and Norway 
to seek limited co-operation. 

The approaches to Britain 
and Norway by Opec tray be 
at prime ministerial level 

Dr Mans Saeed A1 Otaiba, 
foe United Arab Emirates ofl 
minister said yesterday font 
Britain was no longer being 
seen as Opec^ “pnHic enemy 
number one” but it was still 
felt that it should be prepared 
to offer some co-operation on 
output restraint to Opec. 

cover company tax, personal tax, VAT and 
international tax planning. 

Clear and concise, they make sense of 
today's tax regulations. (And by 'today s' we 

is free with each order.) 

The difference between good and bad tax 
planning can mean a great deal of money. But in a 

way it doesn't The giades cost from £3.95 to £6 


| Hease send me your Budget commentary, plus copies of the following publications: ' j 

j O Ways to Reduce Your Personal Tax Bill D VAT Survival (£6.00) j 

I —(£395) _ | 

j LJ Ways to Reduce Your Company Tax Bill U International Tax planning i 

j (£3.95) for UK companies j 

S I enclose a cheque for £ or please debit my * Aceess/Ba relay card account number: I 

'delete as appheabk. 

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Telephone Number: 






>u-* j 



gnp on the oil price 

The Chancellor has sat down, 
tntt no one is any the wiser 
gout how lug a hole WOl be 
Wt. m lax revenues by the 
railing oil price. 

It is not Utety to depend an 

that much on theihe meeting 
of the OrgaiuzatioD of Petrel 
loon Exporting Commies ei- 
ther, because there is a strong 
possibility that the cartel will 
not be successful in regaining 
pace control even ifit reintro- 
duces quotas. 

The only reasonOpec held 
“P paces for as long as it did 
wasbecause Saudi Arabia was 
willing and abk to act ais 
wang producer. In the event, 
this meant successive reduc- 
tions in Saudi output until, at 
one point last year, it was 
reported to have fallen below 
2 million barrels a day, less 

than half its quota. 

. At that level, flexibility is 
losL The Saudis no longer 
have sufficient spare capacity 
to act as swing producers. 
They: also started to fed the 
pinch financially, hence the 
decision to stitch up sales 
contracts on.a netbadk.basis. 

This has allowed them to 
increase output to 4.5 million 
barrels, helping to maintain 
revenues at much reduced 
prices. Inevitably, these sales 
contracts and barter 
further reduce the scope for 
fine-tuning production. 

If output of 2 million 
.bands a day was painful laff 
year, when the price was $30 a 
barrel, how much more pain- 
ful will it be now that the price 
has halved? This is what 
reliance on the reintroduction 
of a collective Opec filing 
with individual country quo- 
tas is likely to prpfln 

Demand for Opec oil has 
not expanded since last year. 
-Nothing has changed which 
can give any cause for opti- 
mism that Opec members will 
be any better at adhering to 
quotas this year than last. 

In fact they are likely to find 
it more difficult to stay within 
output ceilings. The scale of 
cutbacks required just to hold 
prices and to restore some of 
Opec’s credibility may be too 
great for the fragile economies 
of some of members. 

Furthermore, the lower die 
price foils, the less the oil 
exporters are likely to be able 
to afford to cut production. 

Opec may have got itself 
into a tight corner. Events in 




Geneva are not reassuring to 
1ft 05 ? who look for some 
finning of North Sea oil 

To regain control from 
here, the richest countries, 
Saudi Arabia and Kuwait, 
would need to cut their 
production so for that they 
would have to start drawing, 

to a much greater extent than 
they have been so 
-for, on their considerable 
-capital resources salted away 

when the price was rising, 

• There, js no .evidence that 
this forms any part of their 
strategy. They are looking to 
the rest of Opec and, of 
course, outside producers to 
cut their output In that 
strategy lies the end of a cartel 
which ha<t hari the industrial- 
ized world by the throat since 

United Biscuits ’ share- 
holders’ approval of their 
board's bid for Imperial 

merger story into the home 
stretch. AH that , is needed 
now is the Office of Fair 
Trading's judgment on the 
competition impfications. • 

- A referral looks unlikely 
after the. sale of Golden 
Wonder, so Imperial share- 
holders should now consider 
the merits of the rival bids 
from Hanson Trust and UB. 

Hanson has emphasized 
the higher value or its all- 
paper offer. With Hanson 
shares at I80p, the share and 
convertible offer is worth 

"^However," fts^share and 
cash offer is worth 333p with 
Hanson shares at 180p, com- 
pared with UB’s share, con- 
vertible and cash offer worth 
335p, and its share and cash 
offer worth 329p, with UB 
shares at - 240p_ Imperial 
shares were at 334p yester- 

* There is little to choose 
between -the mixed offers — 
the type most shareholders 
are -going to accept The 
addition.of cash hy. Hanson 
in its find offer, was deliber- 
ately done to overcome 
institutions' reluctance to ab- 
sorb too modi Hanson paper. 

The 30p price rise in the 
last month in Hanson’s share 
price has caused UB and 
Imps to suggest the price is 

artificially supported in New 

The UB-Imps merger mil 
provide benefits of integra- 
tion and rationalization, as 
many parts of their business- 
esare complementary. The 
merger is also supported by 
Imperial's top management 

Hanson has do cample- 
memary businesses, so can 
only offer rationalization 

benefits and its famed man- 
agement expertise. 

S R Gent 

With its record of strong 
profit growth, S R Gent was 
launched as the wonder share 
of 1983. The Barnsley-based 
supplier to Marks and Spen : 
cer had success stamped all 
over it. 

Since 1984, the fairy tale 
success story has gone into 
reverse. Yesterday's interim 
results showed that the group 
barely broke even in the six 
months to December 198S. 

Although the company’s 
strategy « to reduce its 
reliance on Marks and Spen- 
cer to 75 per cent within five, 
years, Marks and Spencer still 
accounts for 90 per cent of 
turnover. But the source of its 
original success is now a big 
contributor to its present 

After the unseasonal 
weather of the last 18 months 
which left it with unsold 
fashion lines, Marks and 
Spencer has become a much 
tougher customer 

It has negotiated down 
suppliers’ margins and is 
ordering smaller volumes on 
foster delivery limes. In addi- 
tion S R Gent is being asked 
to supply more basically- 
styled dresses which have a 
lower margin. 

The outside competition 
has also become suffer with 
successful stores such as 
Benetton, Next and Princi- 
ples afl competing for the 
same business. 

The riches-to-rags effect is 
carried through to the divi- 
dend which has been halved 
to 0.5p. The dividend is being 
paid out of reserves. 

A return to acceptable lev- 
els of profitability is Hkety to 
be a long, hard slog of cutting 
costs and diversifying cus- 
tomers. The final dividend of 
Ip paid last year must also be 
in doubt 

Joyd s assessors win 
the ‘tick’ of approval 

By Teresa Poole 

Adam & Company — 12%% 

BCC1- 12*% 

Citibank Savings? 12*4% 

Consolidated Crds 12 h% 

Continental Trust 12*4% 

Co-operative Bank 12b% 

C. Hoare & Co 1214% 

LLoyds Bank ; I2v*% 

Nat Westminster 12v>% 

Royal Bank of Scofaid — 12fe% 

TSB 12h% 

Citibank NA_ — ^.I2w% 

+ Mortgage B ace Ran. 

The first “quality tick”, ,a 
-new British assessment mark, 
was presented yesterday by 
Mr John Butcher, Under Sec- 
retary for Trade and Industry, 
to LlpytTs Register Quality 

The “tick” scheme, 
launched last June, provides 
for the organizations which 
assess products and quality 
management systems to be 
assessed themselves on 

As an accredited quality 

ft-. >. r’V 

■ ' . w. : 

Mi , m : 4 f 

assessor, Lloyd's Register will 
have the right to use the “tick” 
when it certifies that a particu- 
lar standard has been met by a 

In the past, there has been 
no check on the certifying 

The Government launched 
its national quality campaign 
in 1983, and yesterday extend- 
ed the quality assurance sup- 
port scheme for a further two 
years at a cost of £2 million. 


• iV ***• 

.... ».\ v. 4 



The Chairman, Jeremy Beasley, reports: 

RESULTS “Earnings per share, the Group's principal 

measure of success, has increased by 33% to 12.58p 

(9.49p). This has been achieved on turnover up 25% at £52 . 
million, with pre-tax profits 37% higher at £4.4 million (£3.2 

• The Group's return on capital employed of 26.9% is 
particularlysatisfying against 16.2% achieved last year. This 
improvement illustrates our increasing effectiveness in 
managing the Group's assets. 

DIVIDEND “In the light of these most satisfactory results, 
your directors recommend an increase in the final dividend 
from 3p to 3.55p, making 5.9p (5p) for the year. This 
represents an increase of. 18% with dividend cover 

marginally up at 2.1 (2.0). 

THE FUTURE "The aim of our Group is to become a 
significant supplier of components, products and related 
services to the industrial, building and security markets in the 
UK and to develop simitar businesses overseas. 

-With our core businesses continuing to improve, oifr 
new businesses exceeding expectations and our acquisition 
strategy progressing as planned, I am confident that the 
Group will achieve its Objective of consistent long-term 
growth and above-average increase in earnings per share." 

Turnover Up 25% 



Profits before tax 

Earnings per ordinary 
f D h en^ UP33% »• 


1964 1985 

1983 1984 .1965 

1983 . 1964 199 


• BESTOBELL: An offer has 
been received from a New 
Zealand company, Euro-Na- 
tional Corporation, which will 
enable Bestobell to achieve fhD 
ownership of Bestobell Austra- 
lia, in which it already has an 
86.1 per cent slake. The trans- 
action wfll be subject to the 
approval of the minority 
shareholders and the Australian 
Foreign Investment Review 

• STEETLEY: Sieetley 
Construction Materials, a 
wholly owned subsidiary, has 
spent £7 million extending the 
range of its French construction 
materials offshoot, Garon-Bdd, 
of Lyon. This has given Garon- 
Bcdd an extra aggregates capac- 
ity of 3million tonnes. 


McEriain, the chairman, con- 
fidently predicts in his annual . 
statement that substantial 
progress will be made in 1986. 

The company is to buy the , 
tobacco products manufac- 
turing and marketing operations . 

of Rothmans Industrial of New 
Zealand for about NZ$80 mil- 
lion (£29 million) cash. 
Rothmans Industrial is 20 per 
cent owned by Rothmans Inter- 
national of Britain and the 
balance mainly by the New 
Zealand public 

The company has bought for 
cancellation, from the Courts 
staff pension fund, 806,1 14 non- 
voting “A” ordinary shares at 
137.865p each. This is the price 
set by the formula agreed by 
shareholders last October. 

announces that Leonard Oil's 
appeal against the Queensland 
Supreme Court's rating on roy- 
alty rights over 
Ero manga/ Ada vale basin per- 
mits ATP 298 and ATP 299 (A 
and B) has been dismissed. ART 
was also awarded costs. 

This Toronto company reports 
a net loss before exceptional 
items of CanS742,000 
(£364,000) for the three months 
ended Dec. 31, 1983, compared 
with a loss of Can$893,000 for 
the 1984 quarter, which was 
increased by a CanS4.69 million 
write-off of the investment in 
Goldhind Mines. 

animal statement, Mr A T 
Brain, the chairman, reports 
that the three main operating 
companies are trading profit- 

French voters take Japan may 

pp p br&KG 

pressure off franc ye n climb 

Most currency forecasters 
have assumed for the past 12 
months that the French parlia- 
mentary elections would be 
followed by a genera! realign- 
ment of parities within the 
European Monetary System. 

. The new government, it has 
been argued, would take ad- 
vantage of the (fiance to wipe 
the slate clean, and devalue 
the franc against the mark by 
between 5 and 15 par cent — 
the range for the estimated 
loss of competitiveness since 
the last EMS realignment 
three years aga 

A change in the key franc- 
mark rate, the fulcrum of the 
EMS, would permit a general 
ironing out of inconsistencies 
within the system, where pari- 
ties have moved out of line 
with underlying economic 
trends since the 1983 

Amid the general confusion, 
some analysts have suggested, 
there might even have been 
room for sterling to be 
sneaked into the EMS, with- 
out the foreign exchange vul- 
tures immediately setting on 

But, with last weekend's 
elections now becoming ab- 
sorbed into the psychology of 
the foreign exchange markets, 
the expected EMS realignment 
has not occurred. Indeed, the 
franc-mark rate has showed 
no sign of strain. Has the need 
for an EMS realignment 
pas sed by ? 

According to Dr Brendan 

Supporters of the Euro- 
pean Monetary System 
argue that the stability of 
the franc daring the 
French election has pro- 
vided an object lesson in 
the effectiveness of the 
system, and that the pros- 
pect of a big realignment 
of the franc has now 
receded. David Smith, 
Economics Correspon- 
dent r eports. 

Brown, currency economist at 
the brokers, Phillips & Drew, 
the closeness of the elections 
has made the prospect of a 
large realignment of the franc- 
mark parity less likely. 

A resounding election vic- 
tory for the centre-right coali- 
tion would have resulted in a 
government with a mandate 
for change, and for undoing 
five years of socialism, he 

Thus, a big franc devalua- 
tion within the EMS would 
have been combined with a 
Thatcherite dismantling of ex- 
change controls. 

The devaluation itself could 
have been presented as the 
price to be paid for the 
mistaken policies of the previ- 
ous regime, according to Dr 

He still expects a realign- 
ment at some stage soon, but it 
is likely to be a more modest 2 
to 3 percent marking down for 
the franc, so that the French.. 

will be able to reduce domestic 
interest rates to 6 to 7 per cent 
from the present 8 to 9. 

Mr David Morrison, cur- 
rency economist at Simon & 
Coates, is looking for a 5 to 6 
percent franc devaluation. 

Since the bft general EMS 
realignment, French competi- 
tiveness has declined by 10 to 
] I per cent he calculates. 

Supporters of the EMS say 
that the franc's stability over 
the election period has provid- 
ed an object lesson in the 
effectiveness of the system. 

However, the price has been 
paid in high overnight interest 
rates in France, and large 
capital flows to Germany, 

There is no direct compari- 
son to be drawn with likely 
British experience in the EMS, 
because of this. 

For European finance min- 
isters, the hard decision to be 
taken in the coming weeks is 
on the timing of any EMS 

It can be argued that the 
best lime to correct obvious 
system distortions is when 
market conditions are quiet 
and there is no strong pressure 
for a franc devaluation. 

The last thing that is re- 
quired, amid the present out- 
look of political uncertainty in 
France, is for the franc to be 
forced into the position of the 
lira last year, when panic 
selling produced an emergen- 
cy weekend realignment for 
the currency. 

From David Watts 

Japan may resort to 
“counter-intervention” to 
stem the rise in the value of 
the yen as the currency reaches 
post-war highs against the 
dollar, the Finance Minister, 
Mr Noboru Takeshita, hinted 

He indicated that there 
might be intervention after 
consultation with other mem- 

leading industrial nations if 
the yen continued to appreci- 
ate. But at least part of the rise 
at the start of this week must 
also be attributed to his other 
observation that the Group of 
Five's basic stance on the 
value of the yen was 

The dollar closed in Tokyo 
at 175.43 yen on Monday. 

Amid continuing indica- 
tions that many Japanese 
industrialists and financiers 
expect the yen to continue its 
climb, with important indica- 
tors to be announced in both 
Japan and the United States 
this week, there were renewed 
demands for government in- 

Mr Noboru Gotoh, chair- 
man of the Japan Chamber of 
Commerce and Industry, 
called for government inter- 
vention to stabilize the ex- 
change rate in consultation 
with West Germany, together 
with a third cut in the official 
discount rate. 



Logjca: Mr Andrew Karney, 
Mr Ian Madeod, Mr Brian 
Martin and Dr David Stanley 
have been appointed execu- 
tive directors from May i. 

Bison Holdings: Mr 
Chutes A Fraser has been 
made chairman. 

Royal Insurance: Mr E L 
Palmer has become a director. 

Cement and Concrete Asso- 
ciation: Mr R J Ward has 
been appointed director, mar , 
ket development 

Inbucon Management Con- 
sultants: Mr Gordon Grant 
has been named director, 
manufacturing services. 

Trusthouse Forte Hotels: 
Mr Michael Jones has been 
appointed managing director, 

Leslie & Godwin (UK): Mr 
Robot Topple has been 
named chairman and Mr 
Antony M Pinsent and Mr 
Christopher Robinson have; 
been made directors. i 

- .6 ‘XT' r» W few* at***: 

r * ..TL S. a -.i.-m R#js*;w*«>SLW*M*e a^atn ^ we SK*>y 

• -SJF";** «•„!,— 83-09 Unpegs n?BB.LQW3>tW3ETA£« 3*3 *3“' 

E iwset-s? pi laflawnfl w* « oe he« -in Ktr Ap«l '986 

Our management skills are 
lin freight forwarding, 



j5F r 

in fuel distribution 

in shipping, 

m waste management, 

- • ■ t •? 

in warehousin' 


in a word, indispensable 

There was a time when Ocean was regarded as 
simply the best-run cargo shipping line in the world. 

Today though, our management skills are de- 
ployed across a much wider range of business activities. 

With the result that we are now regarded as one 
of the best-run industrial senices groups in the world. 

As well as the seven seas, we now’ cover all five 
continents, and offer senices which range from inter- 
national freight forwarding to worldwide offshore oil 
support, from specialist warehousing to waste manage- 
ment and from ship towage to tyre retreading: 

From a shipping concern to a multi-discipline 
international organisation might seem like a giant leap. 
In Fact it has been more a matter of small steps, some 
straightforward, others demandinga degree of intricate 


Our acquisition of the Cory businesses, for 
example, and the accompanying moves into freight 
forwarding, ship towage, fuel distribution and ware- 

housing, can be seen as logical extensions of the 
distribution skills we had acquired in shipping. 

Offshore oil support, on the other hand, was 
something of which we had no direct experience. It is a 
fast-moving,- immensely challenging sector-indeed as 
a test of management vision and versatility it has very 
few equals. 

And so have we: O.I.L. « »ur offshore oil support 
sutaidiary is probably the most profitable British 
company in its field. 

The ability to adapt and innovate, to extend 
existing skills and develop valuable new ones, is die key 
to our success with O.I.L. and to our success its a whole. 

It is this which has shaped Ocean over the 
years, and which 
will sustain us in 
die future. 

Proud words? lvr * n . 

Yes. We can handle it. 





- ...*V :.T 

From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 

E blUoed on this page. If it matches yon 
ve won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You most always bave 
your card available when claiming. 

NeJ Company 

Optimism rules 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began March 10 . Dealings. end March 27 . §C° nt J n |? L Seltiement da ^ April 7 

cnara Nt i np Fi nnwiw* 



Claims required for 
_ +36 points 



H4h L>* Company 

70 33 SmW Si Aubyn 
543 « 1 S Sand 0*1 
74E 603 Uiwn 
153 56 wagon 
56* 36*i wets forgo 
300 230 WWttua 

to vu 

Prtca Qi’ga P*n % P/E 

38 1.0 06 35 

MS +2 <0.1 77 43 

703 0+15 529 7 5 706 

IS 1 A OB 105 

ES4 1 . 

300 • . . 7.1 24 ISO 



Rama* (JcwOcnl 

Samuel (H) 


Heron a Ha 



Audio Fidelity 


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276 IBS 
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Royl Bnk Of Seen 

Bank Of Ireland 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £40,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


Trees 11 *% 






Surd 51 .% 1 

E*en n% 

Trues 12*.% 
Trams t0% 












Emu 12'.% 

E»di I3';% 
TIMS 10% 
Trass I2'i% 
Pima P% 

Traas 13*% 






















Traas 12 *% 

Trees 14 % 
Tieas 9% 
Trees 1S*% 
Exert 13'.% 
Rcwoi 3% 
Trees 13'.% 
E«3i iO'i% 








Trees 8*% 

E*cn 15% 
Trees 6>*% 








Exch 9*% 

Traas I5'i% 
E*cn 12% 
Traas 9'j% 





9i ■. 

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To the best of &> N.W. Balhsrhjld & Snn> IJmilrd and J. Henry Schroder tt apg & tin. Limited on behalf *ifl Innsmi Tnid PM;. The llirpetors nH laiiMin Tnw PI XI are the prrwim mpmiklblp for I hr informal inn mnlained in lhisad%erlivrnrn1. 

h nim ledge a ntf belief (having taken all redouble carp ti» ensure Hint such » the ohm*) !hc infumuiion muMained in ihn ad i ertisemrai Ik m accordance n ith ibe Girth The* Directors of I lansan Thisi PLC accept rrsooitsibillh accordingly 


Imperial shareholders 

























































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, 240 











































The values of Hanson Trust’s and United Biscuits’ offers depend on their respective share prices. The above orTer values are Tor Hanson TYust’s Share and Convertible Stock Election and United 
Biscuits' Offer or Ordinary Share Alternative (where this is worth more ihdn the Offer). The offer values take account of estimates by Hnare Goveit Ltd. of the values at the relevant ordinary share 

prices, ofthe 10% convertible loan stock of Hanson and the convertible preferred sharesof United Biscuits. 

If you’re a trifle confused, we can 
understand why. 

The value of our offer and that 
from United Biscuits depends on both 

share prices at any given time. 

And since these can vary daily, 
you may have problems in assessing 
the relative worth of each offer. But 
now it need not be a problem. 

Cut out the table above and you’ll 
have a ready-reckoner that shows 
the relative value of both offers. 

(in order to be perfectly fair, the 

values we’ve quoted are based on the 
best possible offers). 

Let’s give you an example. At 
time of going to press, our shares 
stood at 181p. So, looking down the 
right hand column, our offer values 
your Imperial shares at 570.7p. 

United Biscuits price, on the other 
hand, was 241 p. Which, looking 
down the left hand column, makes 
their offer worth 556.5p. 

Clearly, our offer is sub- ass 
stantially better than theirs. 

H A 

S O N 

T R U 





r-— — — The greatest ever show under one roof of apartments, villas and land for saleinFrance, Italy, Switzerland, 
THE FIRST \ Portugal, Spain and Mallorca- with prices ranging from £19,000 to over £500,000. 

PROPERTY ^ Expert advice will be on hand from Chestertons Overseas’ senior personnel, their associated offices and developers 
purchased from the show wl include from each country. _ »i\n n 

j — a free car 1 .* ) ^HE DORCHESTER HOTEL 22 nd- 23 rd APRIL 

V Show open Tuesday and Wednesday 10am -8.30pm 


%8 terms and corK&onsavstebte by 
•phone or at the show. 

O Mutiim residency mr SI 
julU with panoramic views. 
S mam Ddrrns wtoi rmohe 
whnM. makTi rro. mini. 
kHdm. time Hving. dining A 
u Drary arras. OU CH. Bur- 
sar alarm. SaMUie TV. 


Private EM Mortgage 
If rwlrtd 

Dr O C MacDonald- ADen 

FAX: 42190 

C OU HIR7 VILLA ncrlkrH con- 
muon unpolluted atmos p here, 
ulracdia Tuscan region near 
Florence, sao m2 total 7 apis 
opto to 4 rooms cacti partially 
furnished if dnlrgd plus Uigr 
im lined partial Market value 
700 million lire. Surrender 
pore (or quick sale ramtly tea 
sons 560 milDon contact 
BuBock 0542-689163 

nes wend 


ALCAKYE Naudlus custom de 
sum and builds moi our staff 
eacellenl quality v Ilia's and 
houses throughout the Algarve. 
Compreh ens ive doeumen tattoo 
available an request I ram. Nau- 
tttus VUU Construction L rta 
WfppMn ut Tuaf 38. 1814 HP 
Aiunaar HofUnd Tel: 31 72 
1 14989. 

— o V £ R S E A S’ 

116 KensindbnHig^ Street ..’ 
tendon WB 7 RWL -fetephooe: 01-9377244 

-j* 1 ■» 

Your Harbour... 


Luxury apartments by Yachi Marine, prime 
position. 25 minutes from Gib. 

I. 2. & 3 bedrooms (between 100 and 289 m-). 
All with large terraces, white marble floors and 
fireplace, directly overlooking the sea. 

- Parking places. 

- Swimming pool & beautiful gardens. 

- Very interesting prices. 

- Payments over 10 years. 

- Already built. 


(Marbella-Malaga) Head Office, Serrano. 23.MADRID-1. 
For inspection flights brochures and further details, 
call: UK Agent. 


01*969 1133 

Sunday 23id March 12-8 pm 
Ramader Hotel Oxford Road, Reading 
& The Post House Hotel London Road 
Wiotham Heath, Sevenoaks, Kent 
Tavnerstai 01-549 4251 

Dommie House. Pl-tlt London Rood KmgaaiKfean-Thanai Sny *72 6 HA 

Island of 


Grek Aegean 


Overlooking harbour with superb panoramic views 

Modem house circa 1960 comprising: 

Lounge, Dining Room. Kitchen 
Maid’s or Spare Bedroom 
Shower Room 
First Floor:.. 

Large open Patio overlooking harbour 
Main Bedroom. Bathroom, 2 further Bedrooms 
Site area: 3,200 square metres 

Electricity and oil-fired central heating . 

Price 5170.000 

SMtrrH NELZACR ft CO. CTGfTffdl 
17/18 Old Bond Street. ■■ - ftnli I ffl 

London W1X 3DA uuuuuuu 

01-U3 1613 




2 tad. 1 tfiffl apartment, sera md 
lining loom, hay f ir wted. te al 
Mewl becomes, ii uvrtw q 
met., superb spmq factoo. 
ksgedon totftts arranged. 


snm am Rom tan 
anarim 2 BR la lew »» 
moorings £14000 T«l C03428ZJ 


1 bad apo. MM poof (9.135 I 
DM BM W M H C1142S. 2 D*d 
apn. MM poo H031A 2 DM 
<48 from E133C. amtting 
tana Rooter lm* cost tnspacaon 
flights. M pmpnMi tjutirty ooo- 
snucMO. L i c— mi i kxabona near 
ul maps mc. 

8 Staflan Rd. HMan. CMfaa 
Tat 022023 2887 (24 Hr*) 

2 ft 3 be dr oom ed vil- 
las. hndscaped 
gardens, swimming 
pools, tennis. saieDite 
T.V„ panoramic views. 
Sbowbouse ready May. 
Pre development 
prices £ 28^12 ft 

Details of these and 
other exciting proper- 
ties between Bemdorm 
ft Deoia from: 

Manvale Properties 
66/72 Maid Marian. 

Way. NMtm 
(8602) 47J338L - 

(24 his) 

Interesting Investment Stake at the most 
Sortbemf^ of Europe 

res-TourisfafoBertheto^^ . 

Thehyoutofa GOLF COURSE withBviwofCspeTafaigar.Thn- 
gters and the Straits d Gib(^a.300ratotf>ewhtfe sandy beach. ' 
Price Sft 4^0 per sqm 

T13JOOO ayn. of ground efreeflynext to fee gofi course. tor Bra 
hiding of 600 apartaeffe Pre&nrary pteuwg atteady com- 
pleted Price St B5 per sqjn. Ready for devdoprnant 

No long term lytog up of capital Fmrabte ptachase price as not 
situated in an industrial areaJUiowavoageratunopossMe due. 
to ureqae position in tbecounbysitte, fife «ril also hdp you to set 
j8>a syndicate^. ... . . ■. 

The best pieced Into cf toe sefflsraert: aWJOO a^bordOT^: 
on most suitable, lor a beach dub rath 150 fcaufy apartments. 
OyatoakagC^ieTraJalgar.and the fWCape of Africa Distance 
to 4 Ster Luxury Hotel 100 m. 

Price $k 95 per sq^ Ready far dewtopmeri • \y 

Aprtrto i 

ATLANTERRA' AG. Grabenstr. 15, CH -7001 Chur, Sctwefe 

Daniel Smith 

:«-KE.vNLN'rroN lan; s'.:; 

01-582 5550 ! 


BinUm* hausr or an 
Apartmprit tar Laotian but 
uni snare tec tune add 
i*Uorf’ • - 
- trt ter nertafist 
4rt for you. 

TrtrptKMie.lOll 740 5627 
Trtnr. 807121 

Sturt ft Ttvendate 

I raQue guMtty drtx&M 
bungalow hi wwn ifr rest 
Ontiu I tocaHoo. 3 M 2 
RtNth. Bun. Shower. 
Ku-'Cmer. . Ctoakroom. 
many. Double Carapr. 7 
Mrtdna mm. targe ta»0- 
acapco .owmw w . acn. 
burglar atannw gaa » 

. 01-883 0055 

ML C3&500- TW oeaa SSB1A9. 




^ro *bur ooldea E^gter E« wtOi our top niri* worthy 
for noting clients Btrooahoul Londdo. m ratnfsi you 
should be Mvrly. euttHaUHcaml uieil pr ewnted wH> sfcUH 
or SO ‘lOO #t> or audlOb 50+ Sir. and aged 19-25. Ring us 
and sari saving jwwl - 

437 4187/89 




1 :v ,1 

• . : 

PA in luxurkHM ofTlcntn wi4 
B«slc »c Uctn* anti wilmgnoi 
la Warn nsmiul To £7.000. 
Jwyv Cjtiwi (Slam Sal Lid. 
01 730 6148. 

M/ADRON far growing firm of 
Accountant* ECl Suns 90. 60 
AMUty lo deal with vmty of 
tasks, senaa of humour! Salary 
£8.600 nrg. THaAwnc 01-837 
7040 S Noel -Smith. 

PA /Sec 100.60 for senior di- 
rector. II Am. ro 630. Super 
Offices SWI. Winifred Jatuaon 
iRec Con) 01-493 3006. 

PART-TIME Secretar y fPA re- 
quired far respomwfe )0D 
ln«otvtng dMae. qnagtnauon. 
and InWative far tnunor de- 
Mpner. 01 736 9016. 

■KTELUOSKT Secretary / AwH 
tarn required far pron nn enl 
Kenslngfan art dealer. Tele- 
phone. 01-331 4036. 

£6-500 To low a small, friend 
tv nrm or snip Brokers as 
secretary to me dianmii. in- 
formal atmosphere. 80 -SO 
Skills needed Hours by ar- 
rdnoemem Aar 2t>.30 Meal. 
Please telephone 01 240 3561 
iCilyi or Ol 240 561 1 iWesf 
Endi. EltzabeUi Hun l Rocruil- 
men i Consul! ants 

CITY W'P CO needs help - must 
have good telephone manner 

and t>e aw lo type Tel. Ol 377 

Secs keen » emer the “Be* 
Seller" world - lots of good labs 
£7.000 - £9.000 d! Gbvenf Car- 
den Bureau. HO Fleer SL ECA 
3M 7696. 

TRAVEL c £8-000. Sec for Man 
agmg Dlrectar m luxiRtous new 
offices S- hand ft audio. Lively 
afntodipcrt. Perks include free 
plane flights. Can Bin 01-838 
6793 Kinvdand Pers Guns. 

week. Cneg. PtdtUpa EBX 
Sw .-board. Wen spoken and 
smart. Can Mcky on 01-430 
7066 vingsritnii Pm Cons. 



Required for top West 
End agency. Smart ap- 
pearance and excellent 
telephone manner are es- 
sential- Horns 10.00am - 
6.00pm. Monday to Fri- 
day. Duties to include 
telephone work, receiv- 
ing visitors and handling 
general enquiries. Good 
salary plus benefits. 
Please ring Jeanne Ma- 
son on 01-636 5060. 

drcrtiailon Director of 
Magazine PuMsMap Com- 
pany requires an eflldeol 
secretary w#h excellent 
audio tygtng. 

Duties will include arrang- 
ing funcnons/meetlngs. so 
sound organisational aMO- 
ty b essential. Initiative 
and good memory are also 

Please send run cv and de- 
rate or avaiiaoutty + 
current salary to Helena 
YennadhJou. National 
Magazine House. 72 
Broadwtcfc Si. London. 
W1V 2BP. 

PART-TIME (Moo A Thun) 
Pacda tries, far work funded 
by the Natjom! Kidner 
Research Fond. Dut ies wffl 

pepen (mosdy audio, a/h 

£6.999 • £SJ)92. 
Appfacabons. me. ffafl cv. 
•lid panics and addrens of 
two referees, to La Kelly. 
Person nd Department. 

Umvmiiy CbUege London. 
Gower Sum. London. 



Working far lop London 
consultants, choice of 
bootongs, as areas, 
excaflfiut mas pkn bonus's. 
Tat Jenny Mb 713 4085/ 
Hubfep 34085. 


Expanding estab 

exp. audoAWP/ 

(nrar . ip | 

laveL WP exp prewred - Ti>- 
umph Adler (Busy) training 
oven. Good speeds.. Sac 
£7.000 to start Tecjww 
Cumngs on 01-831 0351. 

(No Agencies) 

. ty aren ue ou prurttn Meks 
additional team secretary. Fab- 
moving. OanandUi 

emlronmccit. bote of good ho- 
oxiur. socuMsmg and genuine 
fun hi nnrn You mould nave 
biia lyre' rummer pfui good. _ 
orcunue audio typing Age 20* 9 
Please lei Ol 409 1232 The 
Work Shoe. ' . 

CtMLMEtes- CHARITY c £7.000 . 

Thrt loading cnartty pravMuw 
care for cntldrea tnrougMM 
Uw world b seeking a comulted 
. iPAIo. become bwotved M a var- 
fed. and- v«y wwthwMte 
' ruaction. Jk Somme and atrtng 
notm b required ter HU* un- 
usual pootiion SMBs 80/60 
wpm Synergy, tee recruumcni 
noumacy. 01-637 9633/9 

PRIVATE PA tCMM - Top rah 
are position lor a p r ofes sional 
secretary » Private PA to 
Chairman of this longevaty 
Itsned Mayfair properly 
company. Ou*et- ctvtlfeeti. ete- 
gant environmniL Good akm> 
190-801 emenital Pteste lele- 
pDone Ol 493 S7S7 Cordon 
rates CDnsduncy 

Wq — OH O £7800 
receptwinta ■ ttt c p t i wM sought 
by tniernanonai company. 
Beautiful surroundbigf. Good 
benefits. Varied. Interreang po- 
MtMn. Monarch swDd 
op enence and some anting re- 
aueMed. Pent telep h one Ol 
493 5787 Cordon Yatas 


WORLD OIL MMM - Malar tn- 
IntaSanal oU company seeks 
PA w Manager. Suaero Wen 
End offices. Fncndly atmo- 
sphere. Good prospects You 
should be wen-sDofcen. profes- 
sional In approach, with 
accurate s hor thand 'typing 
Age 33*. BUB9C M Ol 409 
1338 The Work Sbotk 

and lesuvatt Good accurate 
typing and exceOenl sgetang es- 
senOal. Age 19*. PMOM Ml 01 
409 1232 The Work Snog. 

MATT AIR MOV E»a 48000 - 
Tan-name est ate agents seek 
secr e tary for small department 
handling west End omce deals. 
LMs of enrol tlason and frantic 
activity Hi a Hvety. tun eirvlron- 
nenL Good subs (90/60). Age 
21-30. please tel 01 409 1232 
The Work stop. 

60* shorthand * WP exp lor 

sure group In wti. opportuntty 
to take over a flmm Age mM 
JOS £7«£8E00 * cheap travel, 
record* etc. Can 439 7001 See 
retariea ms. The Secmartal 

•tnusme to £7.481. Join thts 
leading publishing how and 
B ec o me involved m a varied 
adiwm-otiennt ed role, with to- 
tal involvement, you ww have 
every opp to make a real conkt- 
button. SMBs 90/90 wpm. 
Synergy, the reendnaml con- 
sultancy. 01-637 9633/9 

FANTASTIC JOB for right person. 
Trainee PA in wetHuwwn song 
'enter. Total invotversent. 
world- wipe travel —w w r let- 
ten. drive cart etc. Suggested 
age 18 32. Details and phone 
number lo Chris Lancs. 1BA 
Greitiie Place, nrwe sjh 

erous. npemM. Constant 
variety, new p i ae er and new 
pcogte are some ef me tenure* - . 
- of test unusual podttorv CmtV- 
tng - dm a vansd- a««o- 
ortenteted functk>n.yoo wtD M 
valued metabe*' of fw etes lean*, 
sum -90188 wpm Synergy- 
tee .reauteMM conn nancy. 
01-637 9633/9 


wtoe otk eshtraj London U* . 
Wtumr and take on mpsnti 
MKy Sun c/L Minw E® ; 
AtyXTheLaoguaggSpecufBtfl - 
01-636 1487. . 


Over 1*4 million of dm 
most affluent people in the 
country read the classified 
columns of The Times. The 
following categories appear 
regularly every week, and 
ore generally accompanied 

by relevant edtorial articles. 
Use the coupon (r^ht), 
and find out bow easy, fast 
and economical it is to adver- 
tise m The Times Ossified. 

MONDAY KdwrWfc Univer- WEDNESDAY UCriKde la 
siiy Appoimmcnis, Prep, ft Public Crane: Secretarial/BA appo in tments 
School Appoioinwnis.Edutaikma] over £7300. General secretarial 
Co uiscs^cholarehips ft Fellowships. Pwpwty: Residential. CommerciaL 
Li Crane detaCrisara Tawn&Counuy.Ovmcas.Renials- 

TUESDAY Canpnta Horizons: 

a comprehensive guide to the THURSDAY General Appoint - 

computer mar La. meats: ChicfEn ecu Uvcs.Managmg 

Legal Appointments Solicitors, Directors, Directors. Sales and 

Commercial Lawyers. Legal MarketingELxecuiivesandOveneas 

OfTiceis. Private & Public practice. Appoinimcnts. Including a new 
Legul Li Crtrae: a new dassifica- claaification entitled F inancial and 
tion lor top legal secretaries. ' Accora D wcy Appni fnwrai . 


FRIDAY Mftoa: A complete car 
buyers' guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Bbsmcss to Bnsfaess:. 

Selling property, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Oraeas Tbrit 1 
Hobdays abroad. Low cost- nights. 
Cruises, Car hire. LULTkavek ■ * 
Hotels. Cottages holiday leu. 

Frit Meadsa new dessiricaiMMi for 
ytxaig readers tocomacipeopiewirh 
simUar interests a: home eodovosm. 

nil in tl» coupon and auadnt to your advertisetnem. Prior to iiappearins- 

we wf 11 comaciyouwth a quotation and confirm the date of insert Km 

Rrfes are Lineage £4 per Hue tmin. 3 lines). Boxed Display HI per single 
column centxmeireXourt and Social £6 j«rr line: Atl raies: + ISjy WCL : 

... POSTAGE* Sad to: The Hbk. Sbbtev MnaBs. Graop 


address' • 

TELEPHONE (Daytime) 


date of iP«£KnoN — 

lPlfcrtclttq>t«k: fiiri>nuaT«atiJpfp,'cW fl l t> 

L M -- j jl\j& J 



'■* -V %: 


■ ■•i * 

51 *;*■ 

1 T 


This division has designed for some, 
of London's top PR companies in an 
exceptionally inspired and creative 
wsy-and want to recruit a mature, 
professional secretary to an 
■ associate -director W hfs team. 
They have experienced rapid 
‘growth as more and more leading 
UK companies reafise the 
importance of a visually 
harmonious and wefl-pfanned 
office environment. You'll be well 
organised, able to balance several 
projects at once and not panfc'. ED/ 
60: Skills and previous WP 
experience needed. 

' Caent Coden 3511 
WbsI End 02® 3551 

. BkobethHunt ^ 

^ ■ ■ SbcnjfatjerVConsuttonts ***** 

TEAM LEADER to £10,000 

You'll need strong leadership qualities as secretary to a divisional 
managing director and his dynamic group. You'll co-ordinate 
their movements, have extensive contact with clients and 
handle staff recruitment for the division- 90/60 Skills and WP 
experience needed. 


This division concentrates on architectural designs and the 
refurbishment of some of the UK's largest shopping centres. 
You'll work for an associate director and co-ordinate the 
movements of his lively and creative design team. 80/60 Skills 
and previous WP experience needed. 

MD's OFFICE to £9,500 

Oient PR is an important part of the business and you'll hefp 
set-up frequent social events and provide first class secretarial 
support.' You'IPbe very well presented with a professional, self 
confident manner and be aged ideally 23*24. 100/65 Skills and 
previous WP experience needed. 

“KSffS" Elizabeth Hunt \ 

■ teoubnenfGcretflanls i 

Design in 1986 is a ' j Jr i ^ 

very heailhy industry to / f g jr 

be in. It is rapidly growing, / / / 

spearheading British talent and 1/ g JF 
setting new standards of excellence ** 
in many fields from product to interior and contract design. Our 
client, leaders in the field are ready to recruit experienced 
secretaries with the necessary attributes to become part of their 
exciting team. 

Elizabeth Hunt 

Recruitment Consultants - 



This company will recognise vour 
potential and will encourage vou 
to work very much on your own 
initiative and strive for new goals. 

.Their standardsare high and so are 
the rewards. The working 
environment is considered to be 
very important. Training and 
personal development activities 
for all slati are very much 
encouraged. You'll enjov regular 
social events, an excellent 
subsidised lunch and superb 
discounts at the local health cluh. 
They a«e award winners and 
leaders in the industry wirh a 
reputation second to none. 

GotenlGoitfen 03103511 
Vfest End 01390 3551 

Elizabeth Hunt 

(tecruSmentConscAants — 


£6.20 p.h. 

W da ” 1 sat ** j y! it temporary secretary with speeds of 100/60. 2 yeas’ Director level 
sacrebi ^ gxpen enee to cental London and possess pmfiaam Wonmirasstoq dcfe . m hnk wu 
■h oe tempted Dy mar we can offer you. 

Wteaw a hgffr ty ofasajaref agency art oar temporary team has esfabfehad * reputation wMcb 
^rKbfds.Tyou jom our team, not only *fl you work tor an MoBttog wtsty oi 
rtenls. W you wffl afeorecene the best tales In Uxxton. Our adfedbatps are all paid llte same raft 

fl i«u find temptaton hard to resist, please Heptane tot an a ppointmen t or a kristaafc 

01-434 4512 (West End) 01-588 3535 (City) 

Crone Coikill 

Recruitment Consultants 

£10-15,000+ per asoum 

Develop your Sates/Menagement experience or 
flak- for communication in a fast-moving, fun 

An exciting Career Opportunity to manage and 
motivate an enthusiastic Team promoting our 
Tttnmg/Recniltmant sendee to major 

organisations. Liaison involves both 

Tetacanvassing -and PR 
Superb prospects and rewards in return tor hard 
work, coupled with bags of personafity. 
if you ara aged 25 - 32 years and want to take 
control of your career now In order to get to toe 

Ring Beverley Gayaer n 01-377 9077 



Required for hectic group. Usual se cr et aria l 
skills and sense of ftm essentiaL 

Please send recent photo and GV. toe 
Laura Harris. 

41-44 Great Queen Street, 

London WC2B 5AR. 


In a busy environment, an we require is a calm, 
efficient sounding person to look after the 
Matin Switchboard. 

Please send recent photo and GV. toe 
Diana Kelly, 

.41-44 Great Queen Street, 

London WC2B 5AR. 



We are a large International Advertising 
Agency rn Mayrafr and are seeking a young 
experienced secretary to work for one of 
our senior account executives and. his team. 
You vnll -weed' eac o efle nt skiffs, toteffigence, 
initiative, and a cheerful approach to work, 
if you have an interest in advertising and 
enjoy a challenge this could be the opportu- 
nity you are looking for. 

We offer a friendly working environment 
with sub wine bar/restaurant 4 weeks holi- 
day and STL scheme.. For more details 
please telephone Susanna Jacobsen on 01- 
629 9496. 




Are you a PA/Secretaiy looking for ah 
opportunity to use your excellent of- 
fice skills to the full? 

A Swiss associate of an established 
London based International Bank is 
currently opening an office in 
London’s West End and requires an 
experienced PA/Secretaiy to work as 
part of a small team. 

Working with a Director in the busy 
field of Investment Mangement you 
win dal on a day-to-day basis with 
international clients. A background in 
finance of tanking would be advanta- 
geous and your efficient org ani sa t ional 
skills will be put to good use when 
making travel and conference arrange- 
ments. Spoken French would be 
usefiil, but is not essentiaL 

For someone with plenty of confi- 
dence, telephone Vivien Karaxn on 01- 
236 6090 for an application form. 



salary + boons. 

pU yat line 

Qj-fips 2263/5029* 

emo® woo 

MARKETING £10,000 

This smal Wl Market Research Ca needs you to am the 
office, recruit junior staff & keep aR expenses in check. You 
wfl have lots of dent entertainment to organise as weti as 
acting as PA to their yotng-tfmkmg Chairman. WP essen- 
tial, 80/60 skiBs, age 25-35 years. 


This young Bveiy Video Production Co, is looking tor a 
secretory with lots of common sense to join their marketing 
team. This is a brand new job. and you'H meet their efients, 
organise mail-shots & do some company research. Strife 

l • picneWeplnac 01-499 8070 J 

46 Old Brad Street Loudon W.1. - M 



3 We are expanding our consultancy team to £j 
> meet the demands of our young and z 
pSj flourishing company. g 

T There is no single background that is an £ 
g '‘ideal” far recruitment. What we look for is • 

t self- motivation. the determination to u 
.. succeed and a strong commercial sense. • j- 
5 It is preferable that our consultants are 26' 
g years’ of age plus, and of degree standard, z. 
J, We offer an excellent salary, commission, p 
f. company profit share and a professional, £ 
E happy working environment g 

If you are interested in discussing this < 
5 opportunity further please ring or write to iu 
5 Sarah Hazell and Stephanie Staton at the z 
2 address below. . J' 


£ 8 , 000 + 

If you enfey gr cc rinq 
important clients and 
would be happy using a 
simple switchboard, 
doing some a cc ur a te 
typing as wen as varied 
reception duties, then 
this international bank 
wKh superb ' offices 
would be detlgtited to see 
you. Benefits Include 
P.P.P.. season ticket 
loan and an excellent 
annual bonus. 

. of Bond St. , 

fc RtcniimantCcnuiaiiK 4 

n-ctQM m 

Circa £14,000 

PRS is a rapidly growing international business 
consultancy with offices in Mayfair - London. 
Connecticut - USA and Tokyo. 

Our Chairman and Chief Executive requires an 
outstanding secretary with first class secretarial 
skills. The appointee will have excellent 
organising and communicating ability, with a 
sense of commitment 

An attractive, confident and experienced person 
in the age range 28-40 is sought to fill an impor- 
tant position in a rapidly developing Company. 
Only outstanding secretaries with a willingness 
to commit themselves wholeheartedly and en- 
thusiastically should apply. 

Please write with comprehensive C.V. to: 

John Martin, Esq, Chairman, PRS Coostri- 
tancy Group, Prouder House, 44/48 Dover 
Street, Loudon W1X 3RF. 



Do you have good shorthand and typing skins (and do not 
mind using audio icomotned with a lively personaniy and 
a r esponsible approach to work? we are looking for 
sotneone wtih. hopefutty. Director level experience who 
wants to Ran oar young and friendly Protect Tegan and 
work la very mart offices In Mayfair. 

Amongst our benefits we offer a salary c. £8.750 pa + 
staff discount on a wide range of Company goods. 

Please contact Paula Wallace. 

Dixons Commercial Properties Lis) 

CBwl or Dhuns Croup PW 

stcenvuAi. "icaunuCMT 


After your Exam 

the Real Test 

If you are currently 
neanng the end of 
your coflege course 
you wit! soon be 
qualified as a 
secretary. What you 
wiU then need is the 
opportunity to pul 
that qualification to its 
best use. That's the 
real test - and we can 
help you to pass it. 
We can talk to you 
about many different 
current opportunities 
which are an 
introduction to a 
rewarding and stimu- 
lating career. 

To ted us about your- 
self and your own 
particular require- 
ments please contact 
Joanne Gregory 

Gillian Ehwood. 

5501-491 1868=5 


3 Mmuu* desgrm um>md 
(UK niton. Mvatapneni am 
i Gran Pax Esoi im « ongned 
; wmnnsiiMmkaiwacaalMi. 
<Mt StswM ari bend is (ran 
Meo Sfdy svuent is men n it- 
coun out au porter. 2 oaos. 2 
bams l/l M . ecu. nop ( 800 - 
rasa set «ed> 

MMTJUH 0FHCE 8S6» 4513 


c£8,S00 pa 

Hard working, self motivated secret ar y to work 
for two busy account executives. Plenty of 
involvement offered hy this lively young 

law Davies 
1 Lowther GsnleRt 
Prince C onsort Road 
London SW7 2AA 
01 SSI 1721 

PA/SECRETARY to £9,000 
An efficient and responsible person is re- 
quired. to act as PA to the Principal of a 
consulting engineering practice. Goot secre- 
tarial skifis plus a flair for administr a tion 
required. The position offers a varied role 
with the opportunity for wide responsSiities. 

01*636 7102 ■ 

Tasteful Temping... 

No busies No let-downs. Just plain, ample, hiph grade 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and thoroughly 
professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you should be 
talking to ‘The Work Shop*. 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-40? 1232. 

SUSSHSSSSmOU Recmimmil Consultant* ■ 


Editorial Director requires graduate with good 
secretarial skills. Musi be well organised. Please 
apply with GV. to: 

Carmel Dwell, Editorial Director, 

Robert Hale Ltd, Cerkenwell House, 

45-47 GericenweU Green, London EC1R OUT. 
Telephone 01-251 2661 


stcnnuMi: REcqumcNT 

m u K in t aiiTg 

College Leaver 

Journalistic Flair 

TN« to an interesting 
opportunity for an 
outgoing College 
Leaver Secretary to 
join charming PR- 
Officer of tills 
successful central 
London company. 
You should possess 
’A' level education, 
good shorthand and 
typing skills and cre- 
ative flair toassist i 
with the preparation 
of the Company 
magazine and its 
features. Ideal age 
18 plus. Salary to 
C75DO pa plus free 

Please contact 
Rosalie Preskett- 

01-491 1868= 

French Speaking 

to £9300 

The Dircnor oT Personnel 
(or an Intemauonal rom- 
pan) hasetl in Wl needs a 
hnghi and dependabk- scr- 
ieur> with lou of 
initiaiivc. As »<HI as 
providing sccrrunal hacl- 
up and holding ihc ion in 
your boss's absence, you 
will also be entirely 
rrsponsiWc lor cvruin 
prowess and areas of ad- 
ministration. Your ffucnl 
Rvncti will be used in 
dealing uuh varrous Euro, 
pean rriTicrt both on the 
iricphonr and in unuen 
wuA Speeds SO/ SO + WP. 
Age 22 - 20 

629 9686 

With your ability to deaf 
with people at aH lewds 
and your enthusiasm to 
arrange luncheons etc. a 
voung see with 

SHT/AixEo/WP skills 
will enjoy compfeie co 
involvemem when work- 
iiy with.xbe Director’s 
Sec of’ this reputable 
travel ca 



22 South Mohan St, Wl 
(Rec Cons) 

629 3692/629 5589 

AVB16 SEC with ns? 
SH ivgcflUy needed far MDof 
InurnKinnal Co. Lam of 
Admm. Ajge 3 Ma SS*MS 
Advertorial Co. Maned 
i rwatlaaliit / 

Te l e pb — t>K 1 Mo na r ch 
Bcndi anth style and poae 
lie their new ogfaea. Aoutaw 

lie their aew otfteea. Accuntf 
typing amen C8,M4 
Fas grown* Ad Ajj vtA 
Srtrigr SR Sec for. 2 of 
Iheir nuri ptoBimtot Dhcc- 

Lurs. Ape 25 +. 4 I 64 M 

Call Maggie. VaJ or Triria on 
636 2116 

in discuss these and many 
other permanent te ttiupuary 

wouto you Eke to take 
a look inside the excit- 
ing world of 

If so, then why not call 
us today to Und out 
about the many inter- 
esting temporary 
secretarial assign- 
ments we have 

61-499 6566 

01-493 8383 


£13,000 + 


As PA to the Deputy 
Chairman of a leading 
Iniemaiiona) City Com- 
pany. you'll be fully 
involved in both bis 
business and family 


Client entertaining, con- 
trolling the Company 
Box ai the Races, com- 
posing much of your 
own corresponds ncc 
and organising the hec- 
tic travel schedule will 
keep you well occupied. 
With a maximum of 
25% straight secretarial, 
this job will appeal lo an 
experienced and thor- 
oughly efficient senior 
PA who wants to stretch 
their wings a bit further. 
Skills 100/60 Are 25 - 

cmr office 

726 8491 



£12,009+ Mart Sub 

This City based European 
bank needs a scoeuiy for its 
general manager Applicants 
should he vdf presented wilh 
a gc«d sccreunol barkground 
and ewitoii shorthand r yp- 
infc . Wang cross-uaiorng 
altered. A European languor 
would he a plus. Ac range 2 > 

Teieplionf 377 8600 [ ! 





Fast growing sports 
promotion company 
need a young secre- 
tary. with pemaps 6 
months experience, to 
join their dedicated 
and happy team. 
Plenty of variety and 
|ob interest, the 
chance to attend ma- 
jor sporting events 

phis good career 
prospects make this 
an exciting and worth- 
while opportunity. 
Salary to £7,500. 

01-499 6566 

01-493 8383 

£ 10 , 000 + + 

Posltiv-. forceful personality and lol* of ambition ran lulu: 
you ail the way to the lop in ihu- City co. 

He is a key director, waniinc a dynamic P\ Sec whn ran 
rapidly become a successful tnnil-hne dealer. 

For yuur part, you "ill hair working French: A-lwcl 
education: a keen tnler*~t in buainc-?*- and a Mill losuccmi 
Skills 8U «J. Ape 2li+ . Pbw trill I -U vi 1 2S2- 



French • German • Spanish • Portuguese? 
We would be Interested to hear from bilingual 
secretaries seeking new and challenging posi- 
tions. particularly in respect of the following 

CITY (English/German) C.£10,0Q0 

Our client, a major bank in the city, requires a 
bilingual secretary for one of its senior executives. 
The ideal candidate should be aged 22 - 30 with 
fluent German and good secretarial skills. An ex- 
cellent position for a flexible dedicated person. 
CITY (English/Italian) £10,500-£1 3,000 

A senior secretary, aged 25-35 and preferably 
with fluent Italian, is sought by two officers, mar- 
keting Capital Markets products tor this city based 
bank, candidates should possess a relevant back- 
ground as well as skills of 110/80. Aged 25-35, 
they should be able to display the initiative and 
flexibility to cope with a very high pressured posi- 
tion with regular paid overtime. 

Please contact Alison McGuigan, Jonathan Wren 
international Ltd, 170 Bishopsaate, LONDON 
EC2M 4LX Tel: (01) 623 1266. 

Vv Jonathan)A/ren » 
International Ltd! 


The choice is yours to pick one of our plum 
jobs; the V.P. of an International Co. in Berkely 
Sq. needs a poised, confident P.A.; a well 
known Co. in SW7 dealing with confidential 
Government matters needs a bright right hand 
and a leading travel and publishing 
organisation also need a top PJL Any one of 
these could be yours if you are outgoing, full of 
initiative and have good sec. skills. 80/60 + 1 
yrs sec. exp. Sals. £9-10.000. Please ring us to 
hear about these and other interesting jobs we 
are handling. 

437 4137/89 








We have a munoer of 
openings for enUiusiastir 
young secretaries with lots 
or scone to learn all aspects 
of the Advertising. Fine 
Arts and Finance worlds. 

Skills. BO stv+ ' 05 typ. 

Sals £6-7.000+. 

Please calk- 
437 4187/89 


We are currently aeertsig 
Furnor secretaries (with or 
without shorthand) lor po- 
sitions in the following 



pharmaceuticals emoo 

FILMS £5000 

For iu 9 derate, please 
telephone 629 tetO 







£9, COG 

Thu laige W«J End comp» 
ny aie bokerg l« a ver\ 
special Dei son' 10 cope win 
an e>Cii<ng envagninenl As 
rrtiim; modiietws w# keep, 
vein ah. Wee win vaner, i 
arranomg meennns. hauel ar 
•angomems. cnqaruwng ] 
snow* U ms uyjr.ds ap j 
pt-au-nq you wU Pencil horn j 
Lit twnir. and tict vWry inio 
spoiling .iccssions 5o n vou ] 
njje a 'hong lle<£'le drej» ! 

:; ptea£ * can ShaBCinJ 

VJNTr or. ■.»! 031! j 




Excellent mvtunty for vou » 
fm RK hnemainna nadmg 
company tu ud n ihe heart iH 
Mayfav *hwe you w« he in- 
vtDuea m research arc 
pomniQR oi nautg opoonux- 
ues m me Umfai mania You 
umi namne a woe iange a te- 
SpontotthMt n ms newly 
ereaieu posun ana wO iwed to 
utilise you* Excellent aamwira 
me ana commmcaMn duDs fl 
y*fa ve 3 s»w and enmr j 
iisog your nmatwe afong wtfi; 
vnv seoEOis sums men ctf: 
NATAUt DniKLRon 734 091 1 \ 

B&gaiSfojate \ 



A fabukun oopedunay for a 
biiQht oc-ohead ot-son to 
yep <nlu *ne e»alyg world W 
sofas Tlxs laroe IniemaliofMi 
company urgenily need d 
Mies supoon («ison lo 
organ rse a DuSr learn You* 
oary wfl he vaneq ranqmq 
horn lypng lo dealng with 
ctenfs and nuSinq corisiani 
aw* <Wj9Wi* the u«yv 
lurm v « there lo mone mio 
seftng once me mousl'v has 
□een leami So. n yju rave 
C'CeUent typing die turner 
aie ana very one* oJ* the 
nvnk cjD AMANDA BuEMD 
on 734 0911 



SPANISH speaking! 
PA £12,080 | 

6 re you tookna lor ttif owortu || 
miy lo use ytwr second 
UifouAiei Trwi why rat ran 
im weswKius Coy Bank based is 
m wjupIui ijnjnocs otnces ^ 
mi «itt assta a very charming 
WP o'J Maine an itmyuaDttfg 

asieiwnm vw «nn uatse vntn 
m iwigeim. deaf shls 

I mguty toMWKQl manffs. ar-S 
range jytnmas lundisois elt Jg 
BcM oigamsaicn and oxclffm 
Soarti-J shiih (euiiurJ. In tr-g 
tum me conoany atierg 
nurtcaie urtsior. opsonai « 
loans eic Can MlfHEUE M 
SfiYERS no* on E23 1225. ^ 




Ik 01-000 3999. 

’ I* HEART. Today* ««’ 


USA. Canada low feres A exciting Holidays. Round 
the World inc Australia from £860. 

Our unique street plans make it all easy and fun. 

Write Holden Travel Ltd. 3 Vauxhall Tube Station 
London SW8 2LG. TEL: 01-582 6861. ABTA 34191. 

A Lntkg 4 Tmrd OB 


jam pkaogcfkt aid cr enr 

BM was TAJ 


mo eooe o* «4i ten 


Mrt. o: snosoom. 

.UwfBMOi lil towlp Drtvjdr 
dm. now m vfcH uo pw. 

naan iraa. 



More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

• Fast expert high-tech 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotel A car hire pass 
e up to 60% discounts 
Open &-6 Mon-Sat 

Immunisation, insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Mop A Book Shop 


sew urgently require to purehue 

»iH nfe ya«hfl f| h ff lht g ii ti<«pT>a "« m t>- ■ 

60 New Bond Street W.l. Telephone 01-629 0651 



Wkandcn CortopM 
TEes. (Men natural cab 
C8.90 par *q yd ♦ VAT. 
Wad pdx Bertxr carpels 
4m wKi Hessian boded 
£4JS per aq yd ♦ VAT. 
Wlfflt aucb last 
382 Upper FBchmond Road. 
Ixndon SW14. 

TeL 01-876 2089. 

fVV;'F i R *. i * 

18 carat oyster quartz, 
day dale, diamond no- 
meraas. superb 





★200 PIANOS* " 




Albany sawn. NWS. 

Teh 01-935 8681 

Anuwty Rtoco, SCIO. 

TeL- 01-854 4517. 






* STOEY * * URBOUH* * 

* PERTH * * B«5BW * 

* ttWH * * MBJgE * 

* J0a*G * * S * 

* MKXUW * * eaiWTQN * 

* FU * * P WBtSBY * 

* BnwaoK * ★ row * 

4- OT6AP0BE * * MMW * 

* am * * 6am«* * 

* UOMS7 * * WKg * 

* UlSAM * * mftWE * 

* ItfiOm) * * VANCOUVER * 
4 LUCaiS * 4 l*WI * 

44 SOUTH U£KA *4 
4 (J» * US* 4 US* 4 IB* * 
59 South Sl Epsom. Sumy 
(0372TJ 27538/25530/27109/ 
Telex 24667 


•TT • From May 17.* 
-• RL.YDRIVF • Tv 

v;‘ : T EL.:-- 029 3 775555 

a cfctkkm SO Mar 10 IS April. 
DASrnrOanmK «0ownj 

KtyfBc Blor water* Beach Hotel. 
Penanei Iwmn ei me. Forcad 

ononwi pne* obj:*. 

amr at £7-500. Tetepban* 

Funum Batocttw Sharing. 
w«a nun introductory sente*. 
Pm M tor UK 01-389 *>91. 
SIS Brampton Rood. SWS 

■UUDCVALE *hr with 1 oilier. 
e, r. rarer mcn-frl all uiual facll- 
Itn COO pw end. 337 4516 9- 
6 aao 2783 oner * 30 . 
nuhn n. * Prof wum conv 
eonstxr na< with I ether A cat. 
£216 Md ton. 01-229 77*2 

eWSO. 2 o/r chare Mendly Ixwae 
A Wthn. CL80/C120 pern. 
Em area* city. Nan smokers 
p re ft ire* Tec 643 3901 evea. 
WAMTXO. proffeKooal female 
Io» 2 <ra *erta hoow/IMsiure. 
.. central Lond on. 01-236 0879 
oRK4 Boon 


Prof Female 25 UTOtnUy re- 

outrea house or Hat snare £36- 
40 PW «KL 01-202-4876 
BATHWATER W2. CM rra totnxd 
matt, tor cpto or *L £60 p.w. 
Tel 01-221 7734. 

CLAPIUM. Pror F 20S to Share 
n» lor. o n. C/H. etc. £140 
pan ad. Z2S MIS leww). 
CRTTAL PALACE. O/r. n/ssult 
prof F. DrllgtiflUl Mn flat £130 
px.m. nd 01-669 2091 p.m- 

DOCKLAMDS Wapptna. Lux HaL 
on Bremen. Sun viol, nr tube. 
£60 p.w. Td 09278 220* 

T ORES I Mil) Prof F to share 2 
M DaL Nr sianon £30p» esc 
Tel: Q| 699 3693pm 


Nairobi m-fiurg. Cairo. Du- 
bai. bianbuL SupDOe. K.L. 
DethL Bangkok. Hoag Kona. 
Sydney. Europe. A The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel. 
3 New Quebec SL Marble 
Arch London W1H TDD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-1300 

single return 
JOTJuro/THar £300 £465 

Nairobi £220 £325 

Cairo £130 £200 

Lagos £236 £335 

Del/ Boro £230 £340 

Bangkok £195 £330 

Douala m £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

162. 168 Regent a W.l. 

mi *1-417 ezss/6/T/e 




Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London lo Baste 
(except Sundays). 

Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Slay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Book i ngs and full con- 
ditions from (ravel 
agents or 01-4394144. 


«i & 


furuc a W school. 

aitMren/excmnfl ae«v* non- 
day*. 01*363 7135218. 


niyai beaBilftil private vOa bum 

a. Fare Airport, beach, ootf 10 
mRB. Own 4on PMC'S acre 
tdn. umb a 2 niato*. nw 
£400 pw. Avan- Eamr. «m* 
mer etc. 01-937 028* 

Seek expe rie nced MM 
presentable aiaff lor 
their busy CfccMi shop. 
Appreciation Of flood 
dottm eswnttaL Satan; 
anonftnfl to ape and 

01-352 4526. 




N York -£229 j.'J'c-rc £409 
Loi A : ng£3'i9' Kairsbi £3U9 
Syar.erC629' < ;5=r> S l:5k£339 
Au:. £75D J-7cr.rc £239 

130 J#nnyn Str««t, SW1 
Sch«duUd Fllohtk. 839 7144 
Budget Flight* 7146 

frrenl and angmai- Cran* Fan 
Art. 171a Sworn Strew (up- 
•tamu Lo n do n , swim 2M 
2464. Mon-FM lO* Sol 1*4 

Share run beskw Park. 2 rams 
BR. £145 PCTO me. 868 B61& 

M/F SW14 anaB o/r w m. vid- 
mo £96 pan txc. 01-846 5612 
day. 01- 878 SOUam 

TWO TOtnn PEOPLE to otaare 
lot room m lux flat. EiBG pan 
•aCbL N/S. 289 1941 (CVC91. 

WT prof jmwMtar to ware oat 
Own roan. £160 pm oxctuaivx 
Ol 567 8179 (an Stunk 

Wt- »wiK«6 MW lwb«W 
room. Moo-FH prof, pere trrt 
£270 pro mxOI 935 0292 
WBprofF 264. O/R. funny fiat. 
N.S turf. £140 p.c m. rxa 
Tfi.01 370 6366 after *30 

W. XEM OWCTtW Prof ran. Su- 
per o/r to flat or tuM. £46 pw 
cud. Td: 01-381-6398 
V. HEMSMOTON prof 2S+. N/S 
tor O/R in luxury flat £180 
pan me. 301 8751 uur Goto. 

WAHTEOf . YU lady foamans! 6 
cal wk creative, eenvtvial Ldn 
(latrb. AKtfOn 01-743-8618 day 
W— 5EPON FK LKho- prof 
TB*. O/R dbL Lovely Ibf nr 
HOC. £160 non. 946 0067 aft 7 

ALGARVE. Menorca. Tenerife. 
Greek Island* villas Apt* Pen- 
nons Tavemas. Holidays * 
FHgno Summer wuilrr Hr* 
chum, bookinus only dired 
from The Special res. Ventura 
Holidays. Tel 061 B34 6033. 
KayrearXM 01-930 1366. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled menu 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL__ 
New Zealand. Genuine dMCOunt 
fare* OTC. 01-602 323* 

0 w £396 nn St-46 Auckland 
O/W £420 rtn £774. JoHuTO 
o.w £264 rta £470 Un Anoe- 
les o, «/£l77rtn£335. London 
Flight Centre 01 370 6332. 

CUS I CUTTERS ON nwia/hoh 
to Europe. USA & nun destlna- 
uons Oiptomat Travel: 01-730 

USA from £99. Major travel. Ol 
485 9237. IATA 
USA. N -York £169 Miami £198 
LA £299 rtn Also Cheapest 
schedule IB on motor US earn- 
ers. 01-584 7371 ABTA. 
Travel wise oi 441 fill. 


dub and 1st. Besffare 01-394- 
1642. A10I 1400. 

pean deaunauon* Valexander 

01 402 4262/0082 ABTA 
61004 ATOL I960 


The kwesl cost Rights 

Eorocheck Travel 
01-542 4613 
01-543 4227 

Estab 1970 


USA. a America. MM and Far 
East. S Africa. TtayvaJe. A 8 
Mamet Street. Wl. Ol 560 
2928 (Visa Accepted) 
ALICANTE. Faro. Matapa etc. 
Qunond Travel ATOL 1783. 
01681 4641. Horsham 68641 
DtLCO UN IS 1st/ Economy Dck- 
et* Try us 

last FUGHTSOOKERS 01-387 
9100. __ 

Hong Kong. Beat Farm: 01-493 
7776 ABTA. 

TO/BKL £618 Perth £646 AO 
major carriers to AUS/NZ. 01- 
584 7371. ABTA 






Beautifrl country home 
near Newbury, Berts. 
Friendly, happy 

ansospboe 2 daughters, 
horses and pets (groom 
also employed}. Attractive 
shared bungalow 

accommodation and good 
salary offered to intelligent 
well educated person. Non- 
smoker. able to cook and 
drive -use of car and other 
perks. Phone Lindsay an 
722 6789 or 586 3378 
between 10 and 6. 

AU PANTS and Moment Helps re- 
quired tor France. Spam. 
Austria and UK Hetpmates Em- 
ptaymnu Agency 01874 4161 
AU PAIRS nannies wanted 
'available UK Europe. Canada 
& Australia. Arm Agency 
Tuaondgewe&s. 10892)46601. 
87 Regent Street London Wl. 
Trt 439 6S54.UK/OverMaa. 
Also m-heftas/doms tanp/Perm 


(AGED 20/25) 

Fast accurate sh typ- 
ing skins combined 
with good commer- 
cial experience for 
hectic working envi- 
ronment near Kings 
Cross. Handling all 
travel and general 
admin and assisting 
two other Directors 
with confidential 
work. Must be self 
motivated and indus- 
trious. Please apply 
in writing with full Cv 
in strictest confi- 
dence to Managing 
Director London 
International Fash- 
ions Ltd, 55 Argyle 
Street London WC1. 





Requires tftewarvlces 
of a young and en- 
thusiastic commodity 
trader. The appli- 
cants ratal have a 
world wide knowl- 
edge and bade 
ground in the pulses 
trade and aO neces- 
sary related buslnes. 

Salary, terms and 
conditions of em- 
ployment win be 
commensurate with 

Please reply in writ- 
ing to the Managing 

agmin limited 


, ^ .Treg-. 

C73« pb for Wmb Operator 
with f/n typing tor tong-Krm 
booking with «aauna new ven- 
ture. JOygar careen tSMU 
So) U* 01-730 5148. 





to jou a lodw. none or sum 
M flBm n igf? h so. Cnp Afaa 
afe and cob nan Anatom amr 
Canp. 0 bmHs rictoOa Fn ream 
■01 tm IumL podat mooqr andtp 
a 6 wots tot to*. OHe m kc 

Camp America, 
Dept TT25 
37, Queens Gate, 
London SW7 
or can 01-581 2378 

Continued from page 

16- 17 

<ufr Aim Pock. Two pom and 
feurNnNm la BtoaaF* aof- 

rlc. Can you buy dwmrtB ft 
8 LM. Ol 229 1947/846* 



Kas 1 wfc £149. 2 whs £169. 
Rhodes I vak£l59.2wks£in 
■09231 778344. <0422) 78999. 
Kinsway Hobdays ABTA/ 

SFRfMO IN CfNira. Aprd/May 
special prices In our auracove 
vines Ring Pan werU Holidays 
Ol T34 2562 

moon caster s*f caKimg 

anarunenls 6 Hotels (ram 
ege caused by reotral heanog. £i77PAmc.Tcl:07068628>4. 

Ah Im provement Centra. 23 

PraUgn SL. swi. Ol 834 


caster sau-mn. s a 12 aphl 

vju insert. Thaws 8 Les Ares. 
Ltd Avail- Caused chaici/Club 
Holidays, some s/c. Call 5U- 
vai on 01-903 4444 or Ol 200 
6080C24lmi. ABTA 55431. 
ATOL >162. 

RUHC NOWI CanceOaiJoei place 
available. Large savlm 
Aioruz. 22nd March, i wk. 
043887 60S 

^^JrS^rtoSSfSBhS V-152? 

wmp liMiiiM mMcDdo avail- house near m. superb views. 
STsSwohga*. Rd. NW* «eep!i*£l7Spw.06263e7aC. 
01-267 7671. nee c aEW igu c 

tAULPteno Woekl terondh an a. SELF-CATERING USA- 

now, recondlDOBe* Unban onto 
mca, 01-688 138* 

KIAKi dose Parrot Jungto. lux 
villa, wen eq uipp ed- Screen 
I,.. — i n . i .- pool. cropK garden. 3 double 



Sugkzl Research lyvs hand m dmr wsh all kiher vital medical 
quests for mere effective ueaimcms and cures let uukt decays. 

Bia ourSuraca! Research Ftmdoperaiissolelvon donations ftem rhe 
public Amf we urgently need racwmonej, loconanue this vital work 
Please help us b> sendingyiw donation to: 



Rov^lCoU^y cf Swio-wns TtUncoWs Inn Fidds London V-'C A 3P: 



ALGARVE For luxury villas with 

pools A nwM service M 
Portugal's txdtskt Carvoetro 
Club, can Paencia wnmnood 
Lid 0249 817023 or Ol 668 
6722. ABTA ATOL 127* 
Luxury 3 Dear Domed. 2 
baowoorntd vina (o rent cause 

to Oil amenities. April ■ Septem- 
ber. £1.000 per month. 0372- 

H outlays at dftuncuon for me 
very few. Trt: 01 -491 0802. 73 
51 Jaiaesi Street. Sw:. 
VILLAS to rem in Vak- Do Ldn 
and Quin la Do Logo. Algarve 
Portugal also Menorca. Pn 
0372 6646* 


MAZARROH Unsoodl retort m S 
Spain vim* Apn s» Fit g*i 
M urda (Nr La Manga) Beach 
Bay Hois 0432 270186 ATOL 
ACT 1317. 

AGIBLAS Costa Calkto £29760 
new semi detached villas quiet 
location swimming pool sandy 
beaches details t0666«4693 

or self -catering apts. Coach or 
ily from £79 Phone now for 
our brochure: Deckers Travel 
01371 339 1 

cnalets & apts by air. deeper 
coach & s. drive. Instant oook- 
mss with aeross/vtsL su wcol 


accomodation available. Chalet 
parties from £160 P.w. Tele- 
phone Ol 289 2859. 

Ml JET FLIGHT* Geneva. 2u- 
rich. Munich etc. Ream 
transfer from £69. SU JeL 

Mi DAVOS. A vauauitty SO Mar 
. 30 Apr Tailor made. TeL 


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manng MompI M«**j naewaiy to guarty toi a dpUkm m dM«pod« 
nor M lakan at hora bf nWMKgaaanopondeaca baaon* IPRMM 
to M pmcneof inaBiro You m ihm id wto tafiaria dooUm tore 

vto. -• — — y ^ rtn Tnrhimr nf rMmixfi. ' 

the shoe natHTUTE iniKiiua mq 
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Tofc Wrt di ntm d ( 0 C 2 t) BW ( 211(0 24 boon 

ST. town WOO* EM Tree 
ROM. For let to Brittm. Gnropa> 
an or A m erican proiewtonal 
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viii lit n J.?, 

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for an order, because Order 29, 
rule 1 of the County Court Rales 
1981 and its equivalent. Order 
45, rale 5, in the Rules of The 
Supreme Court, had no direct 
application to committal for 
breach of an undertaking, - 
- Undertakings might -be re- 
corded in an order of the court, 
but it was the undertaking and 
not the order which required its 
giver to act in accordance with 
us terms. 

Even If he fluted to do so. he' 
could not be said to have 
b re ac hed an order which hap- 
pened to record the undertak- 
ing, but it was to a breach of an 
order tbat the above -rules 
applied-.-, " 

:• The headingto Chder 29, wtis 
r a reference to rule (2} which was 

as sidgect-.te the present 

The instant case required 
examinaliaH of pa^g tpbs 15} 
and(7}ofOrder29.rule 1 of the 
County Const Rifles 1981'. Pata- 
graph (6) sms not confined to a 
situation m which there bad 
beenno time .to serve ite order, 
and applied wherever an order 
was required to be served by 
pffiagranh(2). no dtspensaiion 
paph (7). and The order had not 
yet been served. 

... Lord Justice Neill and Lord 
justice : R ^lp^^ji^o n . gave 

Treasury Solicitor,; : 

i ■ ■ a ■ 

o power to convict 
of lesser offence 

Segiu t Board of Visitors of 
Dartmoor Prison, Ex parte 
Smith '• ' - 

Before Lord Justice Watkins, 
Lead Justice. Croom- Johnson 
and Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 
[Judgment given March 4] 

A beard of visitora inquiring 
into a major offence alleged 
against a prisoner had no juris- 
diction under the Prison Rules 
(SI 1964 No 388) to substitute 
and convict the prisoner of a 
lesser offence once they had 
concluded that the more serious 
offence had not been made out- 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by fbe 
Board of Visitois of Dartmoor 
Prison from Mr Justice 
McCullough who on July 5, 1984 
{The Times, July \% 1984) 
granted an application for ju- 
dicial review by the prisoner, 
Trevor Smith. 

Mr John Laws forthe board of 
visitora; -Mr Edward Fitzgerald 
for die prisoner. 

GIBSON said that following an 
incident at Dartmoor Prison on 
February 16.1984, the prisoner 
had been charged under rule 
47(2) of the Prison Rules that he 
had done “gross personal 
violence"" to a prison officer. 

The prisoner was alleged to 
have struck the officer m the . 
face with a plastic plate with 
food upon iL . 

Following a preliminary hear- 
ing before the governor, the 
matter was re fer red to the board. 
A hearing took place on May 2. 
1984, when the board accepted, . 
on a submission of no case to 
answer, that there was in- 
sufficient evidence for a charge 
of gross personal violence. 

The board ordered that a 
charge of assault be preferred 

The judge concluded that the 
rotes contained no express 
power to convict of a lesser 
offence when inquiring into a 
major offence and that such a 
power ccrukl not be implied, 

XT— « . 

on May Z 1984, to toy the lesser 
charge of assault in respect of an 
incident which had occurred 
over ten weeks earlier on Feb- 
ruary 16, 1984, because such a 
charge had not been laid “as 
soon as possible** as required bv 
rate 48(1). ■ . . ■ 

His Lordship considered rtiles 
47 10 52 of 'the Prison Rules 

there was nothing in those rides 

to prevent the layingof altercate 

The words “oflfence** and 
“charge" in the rules could be 
read as including both the 
sifljmlar and the nlnrafc see 
sections. 6 and 23 orthelmer- 
pretatiori Act 1978 and rule 

The mam submission of Mr 
Laws was that a charge of a 
greater offence included within 
it aH the danents of a lesser 
offence, so tbat a reference to the 
board of the greater offence was 
also a refere n ce of the implicit or 
inchoate charge of the lesser. 

The judge had rightly con- 
cluded that in the absence of 
express provision, the rates 
could not be said to have 
conferred such a power. 

Mr Laws* alternative sub- 
mission was that die new charge 
of assault laid on May 2, 1984, at 
the direction of the beard, had 
been validly laid imder (he rules. 

But his Lordship R g»i*i agreed 
with the judge in concluding 
drat the requirement to lay a 
charge “as soon as possible" was 
mandatory and that in relation 
to the assault charge against tbe 
prisoner that requirement had 
not been complied with. 

Two comments were to made. 
Fi rst, th e requirement was to be 
construed as meaning as soon as 
possible in the circumstances of 
the particular case, and only 
the prisoner was to be 
ctatged, so that there was no 
raflure under the rales where the 
dejay. was amply due to 
pifaii iminar y investigation to 
thscover whether a chanfe 
should be laid at aU. 

Second, the requirement, 
meant what it said, and not “as 
soon as practicable**, although 
in the conduct of disciplinary 
* n . a Prison what was 
possible might often be tunned 
by what was practicable. 

.M* “* P 1 * 5 ?* 1 *»*. his Lord- 
aup was unable to accept that 
the new diaige of assault had 
tad as soon as possible**. 

ta alternative charge because ic 
*as generally supposed the 

power did not erust. 

That was an honest 
5? I? >k« Justify a dday of 

more tten ten weeks in the 
layingof a disciplinary charge. 

Cmwh dSSt 

Kaveacunp iifrin o . 

Lord Justice Watkins 


sharpe prttchard & CO. 

40 H rrr 8 ? ,r ^ i986to: 

40 London WC2E 2JT. 

All dflteH* £?■ «M.W6 35$ 21780 


N -i'C,:. 

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B ay should 

\ ■* 
‘ k 

~k ; /* 

+ m m 1 

' r. " **’ 

Tim Forster and Hywel Da- 
vies, the pair associated with 
last year’s Grand National 
winner Last Suspect, who 
looked in such good form 
again- at Chepstow on Satur- 
t£i day. look the trainer-jockey 
partnership to follow today at 
Worcester, where St Andrew’s 
Bay {130) and Gatsby (5.0) 
should give them a double. 

St Andrew's Bay, a winner 
at Sandown Park in January 
is napped .to win the ' first 
division of the Piichcroft 
Novices’ Hurdle on the 
strength of his- proven ability 
to stay 2!£ miles. Chatsby is 
selected to win the second 
division in the belief that he is 
crying out for this sort of 

When St Andrew's Bay was 
successful the distance of his 
race was two miles and five 
. furlongs and that takes some 
getting at Sandown. So today’s 
slightly shorter trip at Worces- 
- ter should be a piece of cake 
for him. At Sandown, St 
Andrew's Bay ran on strongly 
up the hill to beat Smglecole, 
whose form before and since is 
thoroughly reliable. Together 
they drew 20 lengths clear of 
the remainder, which is anoth- 
er good sign. 

With Cool Sun, Pink Pan- 
ther. Sunny Slave and Trojan 
Prince ranged against him, 
Chatsby looks to have the 
harder task in the second 
division, but I take him to win 
because he struck me as a 
thorough stayer when Imish- 
ing foimh behind Fort Rupert 
$ at Win canton and third be- 
hind I Bin Zaidoon at Ludlow. 

Ragged Robin, a third run- 
ner from Forster's Leccombe 
Bassett yard, is fancied to go 
well in the St Barnabas 

arkle again 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) . 

’r y. . • v' '• 1 

Novices’ Chase, but in this 
““lance I prefer Holemoor 
Fatrol, who was runner up to 
Peariyman in his only chase so 
fa 1 " at Kempton. Considering 
that his . conqueror subse- 
quently won the Grand Annu- 
al Chase at Cheltenham last 
Tuesday, Holemoor Patrol 
was dearly taking on a better' 
than average- novice' that day 
and I doubt there being anoth- 
er Peariyman among the op- 
position. * 

Two Grand National out--, 
siders, Fethard Friend and 
Colonel Christy, have a 
chance 10 show what they are 
capable of in the King John 
Handicap Chase. Of the two I- 
prefer Fetfurd Friend, who 
was a model of consistency in 
the autumn before being rest- 
ed. However,I would non be 
surprised to see him troubled 
by Hello Kifliney, who did not 
run at all badly in the Kim ' 
Muir Challenge Cup .... 

. Those who have backed last 
year's Grand National runner- 
up, Mr Snugfit, down to 
favouritism for this year's 
Ain tree spectacular will be 
hoping for a good display from 
Binge in the King's Own 
Scottish Borderers. Cup at 
Kelso. Recently Mr Snugfit 
failed by less than two lengths 
to give Binge 331b at Carlisle 
and now his conqueror ' may . 
well be up to beating The 
Builder and SingaJong Sam. 

There also promises to be a 
first class race there between 
Flying Ace, Gayle Warning 
and Olive Press in the Friars 
Haugh Hunters Chase: Few 
were better than Flying Ace in 
this sphere last season and he 
duly began where he left off, 
ou a winning note, at 
Sedgefield eight days ago. 

■ -• a.!; 

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Dancing Brave (left) shows his paces ou the Pul borough all-weather gallop (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Dancing Brave leads classic charge 

By Dick Hinder 

Five years ago that resilient colt, 
To-Agori-Moa, gave Guy 
Harwood a coveted first British 
classic success When he held off 
the unconsidered Mattaboy in 
the 2JWO Guineas. Now there is 
guarded opdmfsur that the 
Mteff®agh trainer may lift the 
Newmarket prize again with his 
unbeaten colt, Dancing Brave. 

BU whereas To-Agori-Moa 
heralded his classic potential 
with an honourable defeat by 
Storm Bird in a memorable 
confrontation . at the 1980- 
Dewhorst Stakes, Daach 
Brave has yet 'to be 
against the brat of his genera- 

The Lyphard colt was alloted 
8st 101b in the European Free 
Handicap after two facile vic- 

tories in maiden company, at 
Sandown and Newmarket. What 
is dear, however, is that Danc- 
ing Brave has been Messed with 
an abundance of speed, as be 
demonstrated when working 
impressively . ou the grass . at 
Pnlborongh . yesterday when 
; Harwood 'held bis traditional 
open morning for the press. 

The 46-year-old trainer said: 
“He went no ' gallop - in his 
Newmarket race but he quicked 
impressively and I believe he is a 
colt of high potential. He was a 
May foal and last season just 
wasn't forward enough to take 
on the top two-year-olds in the 
autumn. 1 will ran hi™ in their 
the Labornam Stakes at 
Kempton on April 11 or the 
Craven Stakes at Newmarket a 
week later and we will then know 
what be is capable oC" 

Harwood also has a leading 
Derby mnMAmta In Bakharoft 
who topped the Free Handicap 
with 9st 71b fallowing a splendid 
autumn campaign in which he 
was a fast-finis hing runner-up to 
Huntingdale in the Dewfaurst 
Stakes before outstaying Bold 
Arrangement, Clive Brittain's 
Kentucky Derby hope, is the 
Futurity Stakes at Doncaster 
ova- a mile. 

BakharofT also looked for- 
ward m condition. “He does 
need a trip to accelerate as be 
showed us at Doncaster and he 
is going to be a very bard horse 
to beat", bis trainer said. “He is 
a sound horse, too, and doesn't 
take a lot of getting ready." 

This son of The Minstrel 
could have his first ran is either 
the Guardian Classic Trial at 
Sandown or the Coral New- 

market Stakes (formerly the 
Heathom Stakes) at New- 

In 1982 the Sussex stable had 
120 winners, whereas last year 
they mustered only 84 successes 
after the stable bad been virtu- 
ally reduced to a standstill In 
May and early June when a 
particularly virulent virus went 
through the yard. “This year we 
have vaccinated more heavily 
against the virus," Harwood 
laid, “and we are trying to be 
more relaxed in producing tire 
horses for race fitness. 

Harwood, and his stable 
jockey. Greville Starkey, have 
all tire right ingredients for a 
successful season and if they can 
keep the vims at bay they should 
be the strongest challengers to 
Henry Cedi's tide. 





ra Metro star 
0030 TAIF 
0 MRS 

Ward-SnriUt) P Bowden 4-10-10 

{J JonptyP Hobbs 4-106- 

. R Derate (*) 

J Rost 

— A Carrol 


2J30 PIICHCROFT NOVICE HURDLE (Dfv 1£789£m 4f) (25 runners) 

1 00041 ST ANDREWS BAY (Ml* D Pitt) T Foranr 6-11-12 H Drtes 

2 0000-30 AROUND TOWN [P PurM 0 Forsey 5-11-2 , ; — 

4 000 BIGStM (JHom) DMchofaon 5-11-2 a _ PScuJwtwb 


4-1 Wordsworth. 9-2 Vakft- Rel, 5-1 GRuntm.' Tad. 6-1 Msn HoMay. 8-1 Inspired. 


2 121322 RETHARD FHEND (K AkSaid) J Edwards 11-117 

00 BU.I 

3 F/O0U2F TWO COPPERS (S Hunt) L Ksooard 11=11-1 
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0-30 BRITISH HERO Ot Hogg) P Boramm 7-11-2. 
12 40P/02-0 EOOBEN ^ilre 14 Lareindga) MOhddnwxi 

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16 0403 HOW NOW (E toting) Mre. 


21 0P» WDUWLQSrUsWFbcrt 

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4 1221 -0U HBJjOI ... 
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I14HOO HAZY DAYtCl (C HtehwoM C Hne hMtB 7-100 
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I Jobmon) J I Johnson 13-104. 

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20 213030 PflBCELY CALL (BMC) (Ms G E Jones) Ms G E Jones 12-100- JSuttwm 

23 S-000P0 OANDOUGELANEjC Hone) J Old 9-1 (h) — 

11-4 Fettunl mend. 10020 Meter DanA 9-2 HeQoKSney. 6-1 two Copper, io-T Bodge 
Asti, 12-1 Hazy Day. 14-1 Colonel Chruty. 16-1 atom 




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K LkiytO T BaaayS-IO-ll _ 
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l Btachmom 11-10-13 R Dunwoody 

1 1034-23 JUGAD0RI 

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3 430300 


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— RStronpe 
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1 1-4 St Andrew* Bay. 5-1 HnvNcm. M UntaH B-i Bigun. ItM, Briton Karo, Edonan. 12- 
i BA Pawns, M-1 Optima. TB-t SpacM on. Toma udaTWa. 20-1 odnra 

_ JSaNery)JSpearem 11-10-12 . 

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X Dudgeon 9-1 0-7 

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(DAndOD Arrf9-1M. 
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DGandotto 10-10-0. 
J Colston 8-100. 

,P Warner 
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Worcester selections 

By Mandari n 

2.30 ST ANDREW’S BAY (nap). 3J) Holemoor PhtroL 3.30 
Giiianbone. 4.0 Fethard Friend- 4.30 MaranzL 5.0 Chatsby- 530 
Flying Irish. 

042030 MSS ADWAH (Mrs D 

Thomson) R Amwtage 11-100 . 
(A (A Jacobs) D Gandolro fl00~^- 


I CYNad B-lOO . 
)D Scott 7-100.- 

R Strange 

Mr L Harvey (7) 

5-2 Marana. 3-1 Ctiasn. 5-1- Jugate. O-f Ban Mugged, ,10-1 QaBeo. 12-1 Slant Echo. 
Caotah Shadow. 14-1 dmdra- 

5.00 PrTCHCROFT NOVICE HURDLE (Drv 2£77J6Zm 4f) (19) 

3 Q00-F3 ANOfflEH NORFOLK {N SnitMB McMahon 5-11-2 

• 6 ' 43 CHATSBY (TktaonJTRxs«r 5-11-2 

7 Q00-O3P COOL SUH (OF) P-HamSon) tea J Pitman 6-1 1-2— 


Zm ST BARNABAS NOVICE CHASE (E1,789£m4f) (18) 

1 OIOW BOLT THE tSA71(DWWams)DWaan« 7-130 GMdDourt 

4 F0-11FU RAGGED RtJBtNLI St BunldgMTForsMr 0-11-7 HOevws 

7 0/04-F01 MZHM SPRING (R Stuart) LCSotOte 7-11-2 -GaotpHCregM 

8 OO-OOF ACTION DAY N MarahalQ J Otd 6-114) Mr C Uawetyn (7) 

9 0OP400 ASIA MNOR HKChmgst C KNchifigs 6-114 — RWir 

11 WD2PU2 BAHNOCKPtBNCE (Mre J Rynwr Cooper) K Bishop 8-1 W). J Frost 

16 OPte- CHANCE FACTO SMoN A CturtwWn 6-11-0 : A Qiembmtoj 

FF UMVEGMt LAD® R«3^PBi4ey7-11-0_ MrJWrattia* 

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PHal) MrtnchHfa! 


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I Corrte) J L Harris 5-11-2 . 
)J Jenkins 6-1 1-2 

27 01 


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244040 GLB* ROAD (White Bros fTaunioo] Ud)J Thome 7-11-0— 

— HELTON TARN (G Lwrey) M Pipe 10-11-0 — — — 

HOL9IOOR PATROL (Mrs P Btodtbivn) L Katmard 6-11-0 

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12 00 GOLDEN 


17 00204F PAMPAROtDJA - 
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23 00402 

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27 LIGHT . 

29 P SHWY FBJLA (J CoWon) J CotetDfl 4-10-7 

30 PO TERRA Dt SIENA (CWotar Latsels LhQ D WMM 4-10-7 

31 POO TROJAN PRINCE (W Walton) Mre M Wmel 4-10-7 — 


— H Dawes 

- M Pitman 
Purer Hobbs 

_ C Mann 
. J AHams 


03 SUNNY SLAVE fR Push) I 

true spartan rrEddey) 


R HoSnshead 6-11-2 P Scudamore 

P Haynes 5-11-2 A WeW 

N Henderson 5-11-2 S Smith Bade* 

,.GPnce 6-11-2 CPnce 

(PRodtred)PRodted 5-10-11 ; — CGray 

'• ••JSoeartH 5-10-11 — i P Dover 

G todew 6-10-11 GKrtght 

CP C Jackson 7-40-11 J Bryan 


’-104 P Richards 

■R Crank 

G McCourt 

2-1 Sunny Stare. 11-4 Chatsby. 4-1 Ptnk Parmer, 7-1 Another Noriofc, 9-1 Cool Sun. 14-1 
Trojan Prtica. 20-1 oBwre 

Petor Hobbs 
„ 13-2. Ragged Robin. 7-1 Bolt TTte Gate. 8-1 
■1 SptomMAn, IB-1 odiare 

8 jomS 5.30 PfTCHCROFT NOVICE WWDLE (Div 3£806ini 4f) (25) 

01/00 ARROWOOD JUNCTION (USAJ(H LantteOJ Cosgrare 6-1 1-2 _ MCnweil 
0 BROWN BEAU (A Ddonssn) M DWcreon 5-11-2 P Derer 

P0/40 CASTLE 00UGUSjP)(Utity Farm Hobdage Ltd) P Hobbs 6-1 1-2 Peter Hobbs 


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P-00000 MIAMH0LGT 
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{ Pmorifl Preeoa' 8-1 1-i2_ 
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CRYX MAJOR (D Vaughan) D BurcheB 6-11-5 25 ARHAtt(H Newman) Mrs SDawnpcstPlD-il 

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8 OFBOPU riODLEY BEAR(HZ)(j Poam) N AyWe 6-11-2 

7 00 DSP DASH (0 Johnson) N Henderson 5-11-2 

8 30-F00B DOUBLE TURNU Martini) A Jante 5-11-2—-. 

10 IMS FLYM8 ntSH(PBancrott) Mrs J Pitman 5-1 1-2 

12 FOOO/4 MM BBXV (B PBaffl P Hayward 7-11-2 

0-2000 LllCICYCHAreJE (C Danrooutt^J Jenkns 6-11-2 — 
04P UJCKYMBHAELO NeedhafflJJ Needham 6-1 1-2 -j.. 
DO PADDY'S DREAM (Mrs F Wa»wyn) S Cmaian 6-11-2.. 
24-000 BEDCOLUMBM/MreJ Weoststi WMBnrr5-l1-2 — 
0 BOY THE READY (M Ctarkm R Ownwn 6-1 1-2_ 
SWELL SOUJfflfW Logan) R Etekamjy 6^11-2 
WWTETHE WMClJDBwd Abed) P Aftate 5-11-2- 



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6-1 1-5 Peter Hobbs 
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MaaO F Jordan 4-10-10 — 


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Tracy Turner^) 
_ R Hyatt 








— J Bryan 
-W Newton 
D Dutton 
M Richards 
. RBeggan 
. P Scudamore 

DBWtopmams Ltd) N Miteua 

5-10-11 N Coleman 

0004 LADY DOONE(VWheemen)M Tate 6-10-11 CSmah 

00 IteUSSA GOLD (R PadmorrtJ OM 5-10-11 : — 

MGS.’S ANGEL (R Frost) R host 5-10-11 J Frost 

PWE GYPSY. (Ortajpaetic Badetag Advtsory-Sen*ra P Bowden 

6-10-11 RDenntsgj 

Fontwell results 

Going; good 

24 Km 4< Oh) 1 , CERTAIN LIGHT (Mr P 

tea. 6-1 Southern Pmce. 7-1 
Hah Class Agent ten, 9-1 Cattsfiekl FWer 
pTo.. 10-1 Dew (aU, Regal Express fat, 
20-1 Langley Court 40 l 25-1 Rusnoeds 
U.R.. 33- f Prince Leonardo ref. 
Tasomuda Cel L WOing'a Midas fee. 
Ronmona . IS ran. 3L SOL dtst Mre d 
Campbell at PtacWey. Tore: £4.20; £1.40. 
£1 GXra.10. OF: E&40. CSF: £35.61. 

230 (2m 21 htie) 1. SEXTON ASH (E 
Murphy 4-1); 2. PooeBe (G Landau 5-2 
favh 3. Petratei (Gma Heraman 5-11. 
Also: 6-1 Mr GrepefruL 13-2 Honeycrott 
5m. 7-1 Forever Mo, 10-1 Happy Cash 
.14-1 Warrior Unde 6th. Tara Mist 
Golden June 4th. 16-1 Thanuid P.u, 
Khan Hawk. Paddy's Lad . 14 Ran. NR: 

Road. Woodland Shadow, Celtic Flora, 
Kharab Bfci PU. N«twig Happened. 25 
ran. TKL 5L ML 1KL ML It BaZey at East 
UsJoy. Tota win: E3.40: £130, E1.80, £1 30. 
DF:fe.40. CSF: £29.08. 

215 (2m 61 ch) 1, BEAMWAM (Mr D 
Nayte-Leytand. 5-2 Favfc 2, Another Duke 
(Mbs T Dawes. 8-1t 3, Game Tnnt (Mr L 
Harvey. 8-1 J. ALGO RAN: 7-2 Jack d Afl 
Trades F, 5-1 Youghal 4th. 6-1 Gam&Bng 
Prince. 7-1 King Spruce. 10-1 Grsbftcahon 
6th. Tealby Lad 5m. 20-1 Castteer-lhs-Ar 
F. 25-1 Green Dolphin PU. Mr Lark UR. 

E1220.CSF: £1739. TRICAST: ES3.73. 
Winner botten m for 3300 guinees. 

20(3m2fch) 1. ASHLONEfG Lane 
Ik 2 Mr Candy (K Mooney 7-% 3, B 

it Z Mr Candy (K Mooney 
V&fl (Miss G Armytege 3-1 
Golden Mfeistral Murp' 
Joestan Webb tell, 14-1 
2S-1 Winning Clover 

(G Landau 4- 
•2k 3, Brown 
tav). «sa 7-2 
WL 7-1 The 
30 Softs 5th. 
33-1 Indian 

Country P Comnan Ml, Los Dancer P.U- 
Sneobear Frost 4th, Suspended Sentence 
P.U_ 11 ran. hd, 251. 20L S MeOor at 
Lamboum. Tote: £5J0; £210. £1.10, 
£130. DF: £1430. CSF: £16.10 
330 (2m 2( note) i. HtHBUT (Mss C 
Moors 9-1); 2 Heart of Stone p Browne 
11-4 Y. 2 Ruaty-Law(A Webb 16-1L Also: 
9-4 fev Goodman Port 6th. 7-1 Taxtads 
4th. 10-1 Godtatner's Gift 5th, Zlgtinchor 
P.U.. 14-1 Man Star, 18-1 Bondmans 
Adventure. 25-1 Kuwait Weather P.U. 
Castle Pool. 50-1 Equpped tar Duty. 
Moorland Lady. Tante Mara 14 ran. 3L 
12L 51, nkL 1«. a Moore at Bngmon. Tota: 
£7.80: E330. £240. £730. OF: £1440. 
CSF: £34.19. 

430 (2m 2f 110yd ch) 1. PADOYBORO 

4m, FmgW Forwarcer. 10-1 Just For The 
" * tA 11-1 Rre Drift 20-1, Tan Bears 

P.U_ 25-1 

33-1 Benny’s 

Boy P.U.l DC-1 Grants Castle P.0. 12 ran. 
NR Don’t Touch. 3, 1 Ml. 1L 20L 4L J T 
Gitlord at FinOon. Tote: £210; £130, 
£240. £3.10, DF: £1262 CSF: £1830. 
TRICAST: £204.35. 

P04 BMGADO BLAKE (B Wheatley) M Pipe 4-10-7. _ 

0044 BRONZE BTWY (Mrs R ttonrmuBS) M HenriquM 4-10-7 - 
‘ )(Abiiahl' ‘ 

J Lower 

00 VRStULE (USA) (Abdulah Muhanmad Mokbtm) S Melor 4-10-7 M Hanrngmn 
11-ID FMng Irish. 942 BriQarter Bata. 6-1 Wsttie. 7-1 Son B0y. 9-1 Bronze EJOgy, 14-1 
Celtic Saga, 16-T others 

Boheraan tafl, 7-1 Baroaby Rudge P.U.. 8- 

1 Hand Me Down. Uprtam KeW 6th. 10-1 

Wmsor Bond, 12-1 Mrghty StaeL 14-1 

mb, 18 Donaghmovue , Straight Up 
>. 20-1 Came Cottage. Firm Conviction 

5tn . War Ana Peace, fe-i BcreaSoao PU, 

Boyne Salmon. 50-1 Saucy Dancer (ail, 

Twang Tunes. Backpacker. 21 ran. II, 

13. IDs, Si. 2 P Rooted - Manor*. Tota 

E58 50: £1130, £330. £3.70. £4,40. DF: 

£12130 .CSF: £221.70.Tncast £1.634.41 


Going: HcnSes course - good; C h ase 
count — oood to tkin. 

135 (2mhSo) 1, DRYFEHEAO (Mr T 
Thomson Jones. 6-1 k 2 Ttauty Star (M 
Pitman. 7-2): 2 Eaattw FeMhrnl (M 
Bastard. 2-1 FayV ALSO RAN: 7-1 LMng 
Fire 6th. 10-1 Teoang UR. 14-1 Cona 
Geln. Gardeners Choice. Kouros 4th. The 
Capo Famsgte, 25-1 The Sunken Road. 
33-1 Ramrfng Wild. Sea Countsea. 50-1 
Barebndge Lad. Bid Ot Spirit 5th. 
Cownoona Cashmere. PU, Empire Way. 
Forever Smgra. FrencHande Lane. 
Jocfcsern PU. Majesnc Mask, Predpce 

Lamboum. Tota: £3.70; £130. as 
£720 DF: £3630 CSF £28 87. 

245 (2m M riffle) 1. BU OLLEY (C 
Brown. 5-4 Fav ' - . — 

Turner. 12-1); 2 
1). ALSO RAN: _ _ 

Foley 6th. The Bean-Goose 5th. 14-1 
Candy* Boo F. 16-1 Rue-The-Oay. 20-1 
Penny Falls 4th, 33-1 BUyctoren Lass. 
Hyabrandy PU, Janeys Defeght, Royal 
Feature PU. Song Bad. 14 ran. SL 71 10L 
71 151. D Bsworm at Whttsbury 
Tote: £1.90: £1.10, £250. £130. DF: 
E6.D0. CSF: £17.73 

3.15 (3m ch) 1, SAM DA VINCI (D 
Dutton, 4-1 Fin); 2 Reddown (Mr M 
Annytage.-25-lt: 3, Capping (R Stronge. 
26-1). ALSO RAN: 5-1 Deep South, 6-1 
Macedonian. 7-1 Sandmoor Court F. 9-1 
Country Agent F. 10-1 Mayanncor 6m, 
Noon Wood, and Randomly. 12-1 Troop 
the Colour F, 16-1 Cherry hfoiody 4th, at 
1 Scotch Pnncess 5th. S-1 Lofts Patah. 
Srt and Wak. WoW Song. 16 ran. 51.101. 6L 
101, nk. R Champion at Bury St Edmunds. 
Tote; £330: £1.60. £7.40. £l63a DF: 
£12630. CSF: £1 00 JS 

3.45 (3m 4f Ch) 1, BY THE WAY <R 
Eamshaw. 4-8 Fav); 2 CeWc Stove (R 
Dunwoody. 5-Zk 2 Alabama. ALSO RAN; 
8-1 Mantel Castle F. 100-1 Pretty Lass 
PU. 5 ran. 1G. 2). Mrs M tXcMnwn at 
Harewood. Tot® £130; £1.10. £1.40. DF: 
£1.30. CSF: £1S4 

4.15 (3m 41 hdkl) 1, KEVIN EVANS (M 
Pitman. 100-30 Fav); 2 Free Choice (R 
Dunwoody. 9-1): 2 PtoBeto Drhra (C 
Evans, 12-1): 4, Last oi the Foam (B 
Powefl. 66- li. ALSO RAN: 7-1 Zrcon’s 
Sun F, S-l Wnsboume Lad. La Santvts. 

Harbour, 10-1 Mister Pitt. 12-1 
i Dare. Tknsun, 16-1 Three Sriinere 
PU, 20-1 Amberwefl 6th, Master Andrew 
51ft. 33-1 Crowtand Bng. Tipo Style. 68-1 
Menoatoak. Mr Mole. Woodtoirgh PU. 
Aljazav. Royal Revenge PU. Rajens Ar, 
May Sign. Z3 ran. NR Duneany. Saxon 
Ace. 2341. ML 10l.nk.l5L Mrs J Pitman at 
Upper Lamboum. Tota E3.70; £1.50. 
£3.10. £4.50. 4th: No dnndend. DF: £1720. 
CSF: £37.99. Tricast: £328.40 
4-45 pm 81 hi to) T, UTTLE MTNDJG 
Jonas. 20-1); 2 Astral Lady (DShaw.a)- 
1t 3. Mail Mat (Mr M Richards. 50-1). 
ALSO RAN: 8-13 Fav Ball Founder UR. 

5-1 Kflcria Girl PU. 8-1 Chany Side 5th, 20- 

1 Freda s FoBy. Loblolly 4th. Taytore 
Renovation, 25-1 Lady Oryx. Savotyres. 

33-1 Afitnome 6th. 50-1 Baflyannagh Go 

Anna Go. Le Marsh. Mmnws Dipper, Rad 
Baroness, Shstea Grove. Saucy Spnta 
19 ran. NR: Ragasca. nk. 10L l^l .1SL 
2*1. G Jones at Tenbur^WW*. Tote: 

£30.80: £5.10. £530, 

CSF: £340.89. 

DF- £3730. 


TRAINERS: M. DcWnson, 20 wins from 46 
runnans. 433%: E.H. Robson. 8 horn 23. 

JOCKEYS: OBredtoy. 12 wins from 50 
rides. 243%; CJ-tawkins. 17 from 95. 
173% R .Eamshaw. 7 from 40. 173% 


TRACERS: J. Jenkins. 25 from ill. 
223% J. Ok). 12 from 56. 21.4% 
JOCKEYS: $ .Sherwood, 13 tram 38. 
343% P. Scudamore. 47 from 233. 
203% H. Davies, 30 from 194, 15.5% 


Going: good to soft 
% 115 HETTON NOVICE HUfHMJEJDhrb E88& 2m) (17 nnuwra) 

(£2,180: 3mT (11). 

4 414200 WHY FORGET fCXDl{PPB»r)W A Stnoheftsori ID-1 1-11 R Lamb 

5 0W2P-0 DOOR (J Hwgana J G BtrGendd 1D-I1-0 — M Dwyer 

6 134000 WORTHY VBtt8& p^(E Rotwm^H Robson T1-T0-6 AStringer 

4.45 FRIARS HAUGH HUNTER CHASE (Amateurs: £680: 3m) (8) 

DM12 DAtrS OA«*BU (P) tC Afe« 

RF fisher 5-11-7 


: JRadtom 5-11-1 — 
TA Barnes 8-11:1 

M Meagher 
. KTeeton 
M Pepper 
M Barnes 
K Jones 




JG Bradbune 

j u Bradbume 

— TCDmi 
M rTThomsan-Jonas 

7 3M1U1 THE BU2DSI (C-O) ( 


10 22-F341 SJNGALONG! 

11 1332P0 POU. Y^ PAL ( 

12 303221 BINGE 

13 2P1U0-2 COOL MAGIC j 

14 10-1144 MBS MAYO ( 

15 44MPP SUPHt! 

i Ltd) Mr* G 

7-10-8 (4B> ex)FMta®n W 

|(J WWbyllD JorCtei 18-104 .. 

"Mrs D AtxWe) F Watson 9-104) (9b as) B Storey 

I S G Patna 8-UK 1 — . — jKKbwe 

) J W Aynstoy 10-10-0 (4toex) CHawfane 

Bn) J Fsshn S-lO-O D Nolan 

» jR Carr) CPariier 9-10-0 M Banes 

L M Dawson LkflT Crag 10-10-0 S Chariton 

1 OWH 1-1 FLYWQ ACE (A Caktel A Colder 10-12-7„^___ hB9 w 

2 3/00314- BOBJCS {C-WJJ BrocMark) J E Brockbank 13-18-1 L Hudson (7) 

4 102024- Ct£BUECHEFJC-a)(H Barclay) HBarcay 10-1 1-11 — K Anderson (7) 

5 112111/ GAYLE WAIVING jC-DJ (J OuogBonl J G ttxtaaon 10-f 1-7- A Dudgeon (4) 

6 040H» ICE WLL riAss S UfcsSH Wison 1W1 : 7 PDeoresW 

9 POKER CLASSIC (JQeenafl) W A S te pnenson 511-7 JGreerad 

12 4320/U-1 OUVE PRESS (A MactrasarQ. A Mactagprt 9-11-6 D Mats^art (7) 



7-4 Ace. 7-2 Gayte Warning, 5-1 Cheerio Orel. 6-1 Ober Press. 6-1 Bobfob. 12-1 

I others 


W ire MDicMnson 5-1 1-1 — .G1 

Ml Ud) G RKtwdS 5-1 MPJjg: 

|g5l£| , 3 l W l 1fl JW ' 10 hSSmv 


5i2 The Buteer. 7-2 Door Sap. 4-1 8tagakmg Sam. 11-2 Coal Magic. 7-1 Binge. 

345 TORRIE AND OO HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 ,350: 3n If 120yd) (14) 

2 IP! 103 PircRUME© (Mrs VGtonourtGRctwas 7-iw NDoutiny 

3 30030 WHATS WHATMisD BousfltitQ B Boustieid 7-1 1-7 CDnttm 

4 000322 CAURAtMra J Benson) Miss M Benson 7-10-13 Mr T Reed pH 

5 943-W4 MAGWOOO (Mre E BoritHnck) C Parker 6-10-10 S Turner (71 

P43313 HAZY GLEN U Graham) T A Barnes 8-188 M Barnes 

420422 QAMESMAnSw (W McKUay) P Momtii 5-10-8 DNdsi 

PTWC3 LARRY WJ. (Me JGoodrt^ Mre JGocxJWw 11-186 BStorey 


5.15 MARCH NH FLAT RACE (Div 1: £341: 2m) (18) 

0 COHC PB3R0I (Gen Sir C Btockor) J FiBGarald 5-11-10— MrKCotorm 
3 HANOMG FHE (W A Steunenson) W A SuoAsnson 5-11-10... DCoraafl® 

)p Chariton 4-10-7. 




28 mmdO^WTteton TW^ht 8-1 

IM atii flambto. »» Snjte tf CWIIW 

MtetoHtanyi MQidK<igCoiM«« tMn - — 

> Kelso selections 

By Mandarin 

115 Dad's Gamble. Mi Auction- 315 

Pilcruivie. 4.15 Eaa Down- 4145 A 
HiD Beagle. 

1833001 ClAIRIAD (J Am tesort R F Figher 7-10-3 , 

. M Maegher 

(WanMdc Lodge Racng LB) D J Moorhead 

, 5-i04DConde8(7) 

040030 GOOOraUiMra FOLLY (SWatson) I D Jordan 8- 1(M) 6 Marin (7) 
















D BousWd 5-11-10. 


MPNaughion 5-11-10 Mbs J Darns 


10-304P CHEVIOT MANOR (M Ayntisy) B McLain 7-1 

01-3300 StiSAWW (J Andrews) J Andrews 8-10-0 

000000 sn SUDHra (Mre DCUhM) Mrs DFCuhmi 6-100. 
044/000 ^BJteOUTy&0(sy)J Storey 8-100 

Mrs S Braobuma 
Mr C Storey 


BROOME'S TAWGffiHtiQ Mbs I M _ . 
GREEN SPW (R A Green) C Parirer 4-11-2 — 
wuioms ROCK (J awgjp Chariton 4-lli. 
0 LAST GRABi (Ughthody ol Hamliton Lid] j s 

TACT1CO p Dtigteisil) W D Fakgnew 4-11-2 

5-11-6.. MrORobrntson 
Mr A Robson 0 
Miss F Tate (7) 

4-11-2 T Rood (4) 

S Tuner (7) 

Mr P Dennis (4) 


4-1 1-2 Mr D 



7-2Tabema LcxdL'4-1 LanyHB.5-1 GaaKsmanship.6-1 Magwood. 8-1 Hazy Glen. 

4.15 HETTON NOVICE HURDLE (Div 4 £685: 2m) (20) 

2 HAOSLA (Mrs* C D(Mraq Mrs C Posttethwske 4-10-1 1 — MHil(7) 

WARCKANT (G ReetR C Thornton 4-10-11 MrTThomsorKlones 

2-1 MaosU. 100-30 Hanging Fbe, Warehant 6-1 Comic MgriOL 18-1 Worthy KrtgM, 18-1 
Broorea's Txng, 25-1 others 

5.45 MARCH NH FLAT RACE (Div 2: £341: 2m) (18) 

6-11-7 . 


2^5 GRE04LAW NOVICE CHASE (£901: 2m 196yd) (14) 

i JS SK3S BSm«SwvTOii« 

6 0100*0 CENTRE AT 

1 7-11-0. 


1 6-10-7 . 

_ AStongar 
M Hammond 

■ SBntfpy 
„ BStorey 

; SfrHTatB 

G Uartm(7) ■ 

. SChariton 

_ R Lamb 

A Stringer 

■(CVarewytCVarawryS-TM - toTThomson-Jonss 

6ASTOOWN(CMurplitfUreMDWonsontl1-1 GBradey 

I Akxarete) H Alexander 5-11-1 — G Grant 

; BOY U Thom) JTham S-1 1-1 PNwan(4) 

i J Brockbank) J E Brockbank 5-11-1 . 

1 Packed R Aten 5-n-i 

' )TCrata5-11*l 


, id- 1 MaeUanoao. M*l « tiera 

Mr C Storey 

Mr L Hudson 
_ NDaugwy 
— B Hay (7J 

i Woolen MB Lk8 G Rjcharde 

611-1 PTuck 

WWTOB PLEASUI® (Mts DCtitem) Mrs DCttinm S-Tl-1 — R Bamslw 

BROWNNU. LASS (A PWDrt R H GtMo 5-1 CM 0 B Storey 

QUO STREAK HOfciton)T A Barren 7-10-10 — MBames 

RAWD ACTION (CBBdwn)GM Moore S-10-10. M Hammond 

RIVER SOW (D Daring) 0 w Daring 7-1M 0_ _ Mr D Dartw, 

DUBOVSXV ft Young) jMoiwayiWff-7 ; JMoowy 

DWDYVAN (JLaeMS J Lradbatter 4-1M C HftriVK 

MVOUR-BY-FORTUNtyj O’Hare) P C Cutrta 4-10-7 DwawuHi 

UMAR RCRIAItte (J4 Thornpaon) VTtampaon 4-100. MrMThompwi (*) 
stagno. W S iiatoo onon. East Down,' 7-i jam Tonaugw. 
















trei. 18-1 

— P Wren I 

■ BUJNGlIM BEE (J Thom) JG Thom 5-11-10. 

0 BUSTED SPRING (WokfengEntinaere Ltd) JSVWson 5-1 1-10.. ETurrarj 

CHAW. tE DAGG (i*s R &kSe) R Goicke 5-11-10 Mr G Scope Q 

3 MLL 8EACi£(N Brown) J P Smtfi 6-11-10 MfeamffJ 

KBXV’S INN n G tondmnind D MoHaB 6-11-10 Amanda GtaiKknnrn 

LUCKY COURSE p Mc&saft R McDonald 6-11-10 Mr A Wight 0 

WAR* VLAD (M FrasaOJ Partes &1 1-10 MrAOrknayfT) 

0 PANTO GiRLffrTradino Ltd) WBsey 5-1 1-5 JDMrerayp 

0 TYCOON MOON O WHeonTTw Wteon 5-11-5 Mr J McLaren 

ETERNAL CREDIT Mre B mcKjnney) R F FrStW 4-1 1-2 K Ryan (7) 

FORTH AM) TAY (Exore of lata Lacff Kteuny) Mrs C J Wefr 


MmMJBwHon 4-11-2. 
PNtotettel 4-11-2. 

4-11-2 Mr D Robertson 
PA FarraH (*) 




0 BOSffiSSONIM 0 „ __ 

ROYAL ®nai (Mrs MOddnson) Mrs MDitidnson 4-11-2 ... JD Davies (7) 
0 TRIAL PQ300 (USA) (J HovranJ Johnson) J K Jotroai 


DTS DELKBTT (C Brarefy) C V Bravery 4-10-11 hfr T ThsntiWJones 

UNGHAM BRIDE (J Svters) J E Swlers 4-10-11 Mr P Denrts (*) 

Greek. 7-2 HD Beagta.M PantoG*L7-i Rosies Son, 12-1 Eternal Crete. Italy's 


France roars by as 
we chug along 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Considering the voices of 
doom raised in January, it has 
been a far from poor five 
nations' championship- The ti- 
tle was, quite property, shared 
by France ana Scotland, the 
countries which scored the most 
tries and did the most to 
indicate that they can meet the 
challenge posed by the countries 
in the southern hemisphere. 

Halliday, though the latter may 
have blotted his copybook by 
playing against Scotland with a 
suspect knee. 

It remains true. I suspect, that 
for all the promise of Andrew 
and Barnes, the most consistent 
stand-off half playing in English 
club rugby at the moment is 
Cusworth, of Leicester. 

England's experiment of play- 

But, without wishing to do- ing Davies at full back has not 

tract from Scotland's efforts, 
France remain the team of the 
championship. They play rugby 
like artists, splashing on the 

paint at will; sometimes the 
colours are sombre, at others 
they are glorious. The British 
sides, by and large, are painting 
by numbers. 

Thirteen French tries say it 
alL and if they were beaten in 
Scotland because Gavin Has- 
tings kicked bis penally goals, it 
remains right that the darker 
side of their nature should be 
punished. There are so many 
beets to their game; they have 
matched the four home coun- 
tries at the scrums, improved 
their lineout considerably, and 
all their forwards have the 
athleticism crucial in the mod- 
em game. What need is there to 
say more about their 

worked. He was used there as 
much for the additional punch it 
was hoped be would bring to the 
back division as anything else, 
but the .timing ana cohesion 
required to capitalize on his gifts 

were never present. His defence 
remained suspect, though not 
his bravery. Who is there that is 

Wales have found a promis- 
ing back division, if slightly 
colourless on the wings. They 
have some mobile forwards to 
call upon such as Stuart Evans 
(Neath), Buchanan (Llanelli), 
and Fauvel (Aberavon). and 
Norster will doubtless reclaim 
his place a sadder and wiser 
man. Their prospects remain 
good. ... 

Ireland's remain entirely un- 
predictable. Title-holders one 
year, whitewashed the next. 

threequaners? It has all been their hopes tend to rise and fall 

with injuries to key players, 
notably in their back row. 

But it is difficult to sustain a 
vision of British sides making a 
great impact ou the world 
tournament- France and the 
southern hemisphere have 
passed us by in the fast lane, and 


Scotland, who have one 
remaining commitment against 
Romania on March 29. are still 
benefiting from the blueprint 
laid down by Jim Teller in 1981, 
when be returned from New 
Zealand determined that the 
Scots should play in the same 
mould as the All Blacks. 

The most surprising decision 
England made this season, in 
my view, was to change centres 
in midstream. There was noth- 
ing at the time to indicate that 
Clough and Simms were a better 
option than Salmon and 

not only on the playing field, 
while British rugby chugs down 
an apparently preordained cen- 
tral carriageway, pausing every 
now and then to pull out and 
overtake before settling down 
once more. Change there will 
almost certainly be. but not 
soon enough for 1987. 


Budd to receive awards 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent 

Herbert, will receive the London 
Athletic Club Centenary Trophy 
as male athlete of 1985, with Jon 
Ridgeon, the hurdler, getting the 
jams- National Cash Register 

The criticism of Mbs Budd, 
who arrives in Britain from 
Sooth Africa this morning on 
route to defending her world 
cross-country title in Switzer- 
land on Sunday, is bound to 
continue. It is still unclear 
whether she will be permitted to 
compete in the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh this sum- 
mer. Commonwealth Games 
rales stipulate that competitors 
who have changed countries 
must spend at least six of the 12 
mouths preceding the entry date 
in their chosen country. Miss 
Budd has not fulfilled that 
requirement, which Marea 
Hartman, the Women's AAA 
secretary, insists she must. 

Zola Budd will receive two 
awards from Prince Philip at 
Buckingham Palace next 
Wednesday and tee presenta- 
tions are likely to annoy black 
African athletics officals and 
anti-apartheid g r o u p s who fed 
teat Miss Budd is spending too 
much time in Sonte Africa, the 
country of her birth. 

Miss Budd is one of five 
athletes who are to receive world 
record plaques or ann—i tro- 
phies from the British Amateur 
Athletic Board, of which the 
Prince is president Miss Budd 
will receive both an Inter- 
national Amateur Athletic 
Federation world record plaque 
for her 5,000 metres at Crystal 
Palace last August and the 
BAAB Sybil Abrahams Trophy 
as female athlete for 1985. Steve 
Cram mD receive plaques for his 
three world records last summer, 
and the triple jumper, John 


7.30 unless stated 

European Cup 

luaneP'final, second leg 

GOteborg v Aberdeen (7.0) 

Screen Sport Super Cup 
Semi-final, second leg 
Everton v Tottenham 

First division 
A Villa v West Ham 
Chelsea v OPR 
Manchester Utd v Luton 
Oxford Utd v Newcastle 
West Brom v Coventry 

Second division 

Bradford v Charlton 

Third division 
Darby County v Bristol City 
Reading v Rotherham Utd 

Fourth division 

Exeter City v Peterborough 

Hereford Utd v Southend Utd 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie v Alloa 
Falkirk v Ayr 
Partick v Dumbarton 

vision: Croydon v BtMencay. Second 
tension smith: Wokingham v Fteckwea. 
borough: Mosstoy v South Liverpool; 
WJtton V Hyde; Worksop v Choflw. 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Premier terMon: 
Atvectiurch v WtBenhan; Aylesoury v 
ChetmstOrtJ Cat Trtng FC Grwmch; 
Farehem * FWwr: Wolfing v Corby. 
MWtead tension: VS Rugby v Forest 
Groan Rovers. Southern division: 
Dunstable v Cormthtan; Poole v Salisbury. 
CENTRAL LEAGUE: Rnrt dfcftoton: 
Huddersfield v Sheffield United: Wigan w 
Nottingham Forest (7.0). Po s tponed : 
West Bromwich v Liverpool Second 
terfstan: Port Vale v Mickfleshrough (7-0). 
Scunthorpe v Bolton. 

v Watford (24k Mtowal v Swansea (ZD* 
Norwich v Luton. 

maid: Cotter Row v Hanwefl Town. 
Third round: West Haro v Arsenal. 

mier tensm Mangotsftold v ClanOown 
P-45). First dMaSme Glastonbury v 
Swanaga Town and H (7.45): Ractetock v 
Odd Down; Weymouth v Backwell United. 
Bury v Hoton: Chatteris v Sudbury: Great 
Yarmouth v Ely CHy; Stpwmarket v 

Pan nth v Accrington Stanley. 


CLUB MATCHES; Bedford v Lough- 
borough Cote; Glamorgan Wanderers v 
Aberttfary (7.15k Denali v Ebbw Vela 
(7.0k Newport v MaeswaJ7.0>: r 
v South Glamorgan Inst (7. 15k Thai 
United Hoctxtaia (at Aldershot. 3.0). 
Postponed Bam v London Irtsft; Chelten- 
ham v Gloucester. 

TROPHY: Quartenflnefc Canterbury v 

COUNTY MATCH: Hertfordshire XV v 
Middlesex County Clubs (at Hertford). 
UNDER 2 * Dwisiaaaf match: London v 
South West (at Asmara). 


SILK CUT CUP: Third round reptoy: Leeds 

v Wrings 

Kmpston Rovers v HsMsx: Warrington v 

SECOND DIVISION: WakefWd v Black- 


GOLF: Women: Ana foursomes (at Berk- 
shire GC). 

BOWLS. Mem Prudential champwnshtps 



RACKETS; Wimbledon Cup (at 
Wknbtodon S 6 BC). 

TENNIS.- Tats and Lyle tournament (at 



UNITED STATES: NrtOMl A M o cto tto e 

(NBA): Indiana Pacare 112. Now York Krads 

fe New Jersey Nats ISO. Wastmgton BuMs 

102: Atenta Hawks 106. Ctacago Bute 96: 

PMampw 76ers 118 Ctovetond CavaBars 

112 (8Stn Utah Jszz 107. DstRM Pistons 106. 


78: P Johnson (Pyle and Ksntl) and L Behan 
ICurragh). 7* H Dooson (Seacroft) and A 
JohnsTBostm). 75: A CSunvan (Mankstoum) 

and S Q'Brten-Ki " * 

(Tftomdon Pant) 
ton and County}. ... 
and Mrs J Garner (PortsWWBnk I 
(DUnatwry) and u McKenna (Donatem t O 

Henson (Wsu Byfleor) and C Hayiar 

ffitecamoon. 77S J M (Hazel Grove) and J 

Moriay (Satet J WAda pWmowb Farry) Bnd 

J Gibson (Si Hiiei: C CaUwel (Sumngdala) 

and L Sunpoon ITruro). 78: A Uzwtt (Bwfc- 
chanpMMNpe: Fours OuartaMbiats: Way »W*W«I EBoaiman ICojcftaata d: R VW wn 
Vatey GuWort (R Sewhwck) 23. Note (Readtig) and M Gtorros IFnhoid Heath). 79: 
WaBftvn (C Ward) 12: St Neats (A Emwtsstle) TaDNt (Stavwton Itorfc) andKWlaahead 

— — — — — — J Fenced: K Speak (Cmnmoe> ana L 

__ (Charley). SRobans (Llandudno) 

end 5 Tfnmss (HohrwcM} 

US LPGA TOUR: Top tan m o n ay w h ams (US 
unless stated): 1. M B Zanmei man . 884812 
tobout £8>.600k 2. J Inkster. S86JI80: 3. P 
Eredtoy. MILK": 4. C Jonraon, S63JM3: 5. V 
Sumner. 559.768: 6. P Sheenan. 855297; 7. A 

Atom. S50A7S. & J Geodes JSSJffi 9. A 

Oamoto (Japan). S37.343: 10. H Siacy. 

HARTLEPOOL.- Ptudemfcl 

Ramsoalei 12. Trlplea Aral round: 

Thamofidown, Swmdon (J Biggs; 21. County 

Arts Norwich (E Btackbum) 1£ Suteay (G 
Bogins) 17. Victory Ponsmouei (D Danas) 
iZTtwriouai Madore (R Buroft) 28, Mmeneed 


SYDNEY; Sheffield ShMd: Final: Mam 
drawn; New Soutii Wans man tropny. 
Queensland 438 lor 9 dec and 133 tor 7 dec: 
New Soutn waws 294 and 258 tor B (D 
W eah a m 80, S Smafl 50) 



NORTH AMERICA: National League (NHLfc 

wasrtngar Capnais 5. Pmbumn Penguns 
3: Quebec Noteoues 8. Montreal Canadws 

E; Toronto Maple Leals 7. Los Angelas Kngs 

6; Mmnesata North . _ 

PALAFRUOELL (Spa*i7 Catalan Weak clas- 
sic Xtkm Hoe Mai prolog u e: 1. B 
Oo6ferooschfftoth).4iMi47iac;2.J-C Begot 
(FA « Bsee S J Wnenbaw ®wlt). »"■ tow 

4, F ON»(Naim. el iQseto &Tde Hooy (Nadi), 
to 11 sec & P Cobestany (Spk same time. 


i Stars 6. St Louts aues 5 



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www nurmonov 
394. un»d Stew IB*. 



Cftertton ft Swmdon 1, Southampton ft 
To ttenh am 8. Crystal Palace 1; Future 3. 

raSSSu. LEAGUE: Second tetoton: York ft 
Wttvtotumpion Wanoerera 3 (played Mon- 



CL EMMIE (Caktormak OU 

. inwaunfr final Nadinq 

ZJZ C Joryaon 73. 7ft 0 214: J 

7Z. 71. 71. 21& J Wcstor 73. K. 71. 
217: A AieeiJ 71. 74. 72; L Rmkar 72. 88. 78. 
21ft S Palmer 73. 7S, 7ft H Sttey 73. 76. 70; A 
Firmey 75. 71. 7ft L Hunt 74, TO, 74. 21ft 0 
Morse Rosenthal 74.71. TO. 
P BraoiwfJ f2. 72. 78. 

ASCOT (The Barkstifra. Blue Course): Avia 
Watch** Wem« eSi Fmnemae; FM nait 

FORT MYERS (fiondaL Paine Webber Ctaa- 
sic first round (US uniera stuedl. E 
ToeociierbtL Duncan. 7-6. 6-1; B&chubzbtS 
GwranaNa. 8< 63; D Ptoe t4 T GuSAcoa, 8- 
2: T Wosaon bt PMcNareM(Autl. 7-S. 3^.6- 

OTUSSCL& Befoton hataor dHmphmMps: 
PfrW rotate M Vqpa (Ca) tx V Gerjfaim (USL 
t , 8ft E SancherfSto OTP Aaaner (FrL S-4, 6- 
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ii ; i simfl t >dyj »7-v^ r.i -TSTl 


by obdurate 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Bobby Robson is by now is only two months away new 
accustomed to announcing a and I would think that they 
provisional list of En g l and would need the game as modi 
squad members. At the end of as us.” But neither be nor 
the week in which he names Croker was optimistic, after so 

his party, it has become 
almost a tradition that he loses 
several of his chosen men 
through injury. But yesterday 
the clouds of uncertainty were 
spread further than usual 
across his horizon. 

When Robson formally 
published his party of 22 is 
the morning, he was not even 
sure that his representatives 
would, as scheduled, be leav- 
ing for the Soviet Union on 
Sunday or whether they would 

much confusion and delay, 
that the Russian authorities 
would decide overnight to 
relax their rules. 

None of the players has 
more reason for hoping that 
England walk out onto some 
European field or even at 
Wembley next Wednesday 
than Hodge, of Aston Villa. 
The former captain of the 
under-21 side is the only 
member yet to win a senior 
cap. He is included for the 

be playing in Tbilisi four days second time. 

later. Ted Croker, the Football His first appearan ce in 

Association's secretary had Robson's list of preferences 

Association's secretary had 
yet to confirm officially that 
the fixture would take place. 

The problem was wrapped 
around Moscow. The Russian 
authorities had insisted that 
England's flight path should 
include a visit to the capital 
not only on the way out but 
also on the return journey. 
The FA refused to accept the 
demand that would have add- 
ed thousands of miles and an 
extra day to an already lengthy 

The FA, after seeking invi- 
tations from other potential 
European opponents, threat- 
ened to cancel the game if the 
England squad was not al- 
lowed to travel directly to 
their intended destiny in the 
southern state of Georgia. 
Despite reports released from 
the Soviet Union over the 
weekend, permission had not 
been received yesterday. 

Croker said: "It is incredible 
that, after a month, they still 
cannot give an answer to a 
simple request. We made it 
dear from the start that we 
wanted to stick to our plan 
and be back in England by 
Thursday. We could just get 
away with going via Moscow, 
but the clubs concerned would 
be understandably upset if we 
did not arrive back until 

“It would be our first match 
for four months against world 
class opponents and we need 

Robson's list of preferences 
ended in disappointment. 
Two months ago he had to 
withdraw from the trip to 
Egypt because of dub commit- 
ments. Jn the absence of Bryan 
Robson and Reid, both of 
whom are ruled out by injury, 
he is one of a limited number 
of choices in midfield. 

Dixon, of Chelsea, might 
also benefit if England's plans 
are rearranged. He was origi- 
nally omitted because be is 
due to play on Saturday and in 
the Full Members' Cup final 
on Sunday, and Robson be- 
lieved that it was not worth 
asking him too make the long 
and complicated journey 

Gary Stevens, of Everton, 
was included even though he 
went into hospital yesterday 
for a knee operation. Robson 
has been told that he is 
expected “to go in and come 
out within a day” and that he 
should be fit by the weekend. 
If not, his replacement will be 
another Gary Stevens, of Tot- 
tenham Hotspur. 

SQUAD: P Stritton (Southampton); C 
Woods (Norwich City). G Bailey 
(Manchester United). V Anderson 

gflfiAr ira.iv Hodge hopes that England wiD step out onto a European field next week 

Lesson Juventus must learn 

S ster U rated). V Anderson 
), G Stevens (Everton), K 
(Arsenal), T Butcher (Ips- 
wich Town). A Martin (West Ham 
United). T Fenwick (Quaen’s Park 
Rangers). M Wright (Southampton), 
T Seven (Everton). G Hodcfle 
(Tottenham Hotspur), R WDMrai (AC 
Milan), G Cowans (Bari), S Hodge 
(Aston Villa). P B rac e wdi (Everton). 
G Lineker (Everton). M Hateiey (AC 
Milan). P Beardsley (Newcastle 
United), A Woodcock (Arsenal). J 
Barnes (Watford). C Waddle 

The shadow of failure lies on 
Juventas like an advance indica- 
tion of illness in a sick man. The 
basis of their football philos- 
ophy is in doubt as they go into 
tonight's European Cap qaarter- 
final, second leg, against Barce- 
lona. The outcome of this match 
may substantially st rengt h en 
the qualifications of Terry 
Venables to succeed Bobby Rob- 
son as England manager when 
that time comes. 

Football consciousness in It- 
aly pervades all walks of life, 
from the President downwards, 
and it is ao exaggeration to say. 
that few people have not. over 
the past two days, been discuss- 
ing Sunday's stunning 3-0 defeat 
of Juventas, the European and 
world chib champions and the 
present Italian league leaders, 
by Roma in the Olympic Sta- 

Juventas had previously lost 
only four times this season: once 
in the league to Naples, twice in 
the Italian Cap, and once to 
Barcelona two weeks ago. all by 
a single goaL 

The dimension of Sunday's 
defeat is something which just 
does not happen. That it did has 

that competitive edge. Mexico (Tottenham Hotspur). 

A treasure trove of trivia 

Mexico City (AP) — Journal- 
ists at this summer's World Cup 
finals in Mexico wfi] have access 
to a treasure trove of trivia 
about the tournament. An IBM 
computer, with a total storage 
capacity of 125 million words, 
will provide almost instant 
information for the 5,000 
accredited reporters covering 
the finals, which take {dace in 
nine cities from May 31 to June 

Among the facts on file will be 
such things as how each goal was 
scored in the previous 12 World 
Cup tournaments, and a list of 
scorers; which foot Pek: used to 
score his last World Cup goal, in 
the 1970 Mexico final; the 
player who bolds the World Cup 
record for fouls that resulted in 
successful penalty kicks; and, 
naturally, there will be biog- 
raphies of all the players of the 
24 teams competing m Mexico. 

The defending champions, 
Italy, play Bulgaria in foe open- 
ing match at foe Aztec Stadium 



in Mexico City on May 31. 
Some 110,000 spectators will 
attend the match, and more 
than 2.000 million people 
around the world will watch the 
game on tdevisioa. 

The computer also predicts 
the outcome of games. It says 
Brazil would defeat Argentina 2- 
1 if the two Latin American 
nations were to meet in the final 
and the odds in Brazil’s favour 
would be 83-17, a forecast based 
on results of previous World 
Cup encounters between foe two 
teams. The computer can pro- 
vide the same type of analysis 
and odds for meetings between 
any of the other 22 teams in the 
tou rname nt. 

The computer also holds 
information on Mexican his- 
tory, culture and politics in a 
data bank called “Amiga” It is 
housed on the fourth floor of the 
new international Press Centre, 
and is the most advanced that 
has been supplied for a World 
Cup tournament, according to 
the organizers. More than 75 


By J.B. Pneaneir 
Direetpl by Ronald Eyre. 

WHERE m lon«m . am the 

666S/379 £433. Crtf* 836 
3963. Eva 8pm. Sllti 850. 
Wed raau s 


A musical play by robin ray. 





TRUTH- D Tel. 

UN a lay to b—r tfun in p l 





StJMLWl. 6396176 mm 



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ACADEMY i 437 S96l. Acade- 
my Award wtenar 
progs a 2.00 (not Sun). 4.10. 
6-20. 8/40. Last weeks, 
ACADEMY Z 457 5129. THE 
s.16. 8.45, aaa. urn weeks. 
ACAD EMY 3 457 8819. TIE 
WANDERER tPfo. Pra* 4.00. 
6.1ft 8 . 20 . 1 AM weeks 
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«r afl pem. Except Sun 
at l.ooont 


Pihn—y Nocturnes. D ei Han 
La non ae dso ps ire. tfun 
laune: La Mer. 


H M M LIBRARY. Ot Roamll. 
WORLD! AIMS. Maps ana 
GHtes Wkays 1M. Sun. 230- 
6 Adm 

From David Miller, Turin 

been confirmed to a disbelieving 
public by the replaying a ban- 
died times on television of those 
three goals by Ciaziaiti, Pntzzo 
and Cerezn, tbe Brazilian. La 
Gazzetta ddio Sport devoted 
three pages on Monday to tins 
one match. 

Venables and Allan Harris, 
his have studied the 

video tape of their rivals' 
embarrassment; and they be- 
lieve it emphasizes an opinion 
they had already hdd. “We 
considered that Jn v e n t n s, and 
Italian teams in general, tend to 
sit back on their goalkeeper, and 
that was bow two of Roma's 
goals came, from dose in, with 
the goalkeeper's view 
smothered,” Harris said yes- 
today, when Barcelona arrived 
here with fewer i n jury problems 
than they had expected hr have a 
fortnight ago. 

Suddenly, the late, spectacu- 
lar shot for Barcelona at Nod 
C amp by Jolio Alberto a fort- 
night ago seems more than ever 
to threaten the title of Jnventns. 
For a confident side, with Platini 
and Laudrup eager, a one-goal 
deficit would bare bees un- 

comfortable bat bridgeable. In 
then: present mood, however, 
toragbt's match has a different 
cuzupfexkm. “There is nothing 
to say. we were «’■"£*»» a 
lesson, "Giovanni Trapparom, 
their manager, said 

on Sunday. 

“Alberto's goal against them 
went in through a mass of 12 
legs, wh er e as we try to give the 
goalkeeper more space," Harris 
added. “Tonight, it is Jn ve ntn s 
who have the problem of derid- 
ing bow they will (day, es- 
pecially in the first half boor. 
They cannot push forward too 
early, becanse if we score, they 
then have to get three. They're 
got to be careru.” 

Since tbe first leg, Marcos, 
one of Barcelona's injured for- 
wards, has recovered and is 
expected to be fit for consid- 
eration tonight as one of the 1 
front two with Archibald or 
Carasco, who was haring a late 
fitness test yeste rday . Schuster, 
having returned to Barcelona 
from Germany, is in cootinaons 
training, and cooM be fit in time 
for the semi-finals should Barce- 
lona survive. 

terminals with access to the 
computer will be available to 
writers in the centre. Other 
terminals will be set up in the 12 
stadiums across Mexico where 
the tournament's 52 games will 
be played. 

Tbe press centre will also 
have a dosed-circuit television 
system, with 60 monitors avail- 
able for reporters to watch the 
games. Tapes of all the games 
should he available less than 10 
minutes after foe final whistle 
and a staff of 250 will be on duty 
throughout the event. The four- 
storey building was specially 
constructed for the finals; it is 
situated by OiapoJ tepee Baric is 
central Mexico City. 

The director of tbe centre, 
Octavio Fernandez de Teresa, 
declined to discuss foe cost of 
the building, which was built by 
private enterprise companies for 
the Organizing Committee. Af- 
ter foe World Cup foe centre, 
which is in a prime location, -wifi 
be sold for commercial use. 

Romance gives way 
to making money 

Finland's first Europan Cup 
bavemoved their tie with Sterna 
Bucharest- which stands at 0-0- 
to Helsinki's Olympic Stadium 
in an attempt to turn their 
romantic, but loss-making, run 
into profiL The pitch, cleared of 
snow, has benefitted from 
undenoil beating for two weeks 
while foe nearby sea remains 
frozen. > __ 

Having won few friends with 
their suffocating tactics in tbe 
first leg, Auderiecto will revert 
to their traditional attacking 

pi^iry ypind Rwrn Mmrifti in 
their European Cup tie tonight. 

Tbe Belgian champions, who 
were two goals down ar half- 
time, snatched a scarcely de- 
served second half goal through 
Andersen, their Danish midfield 
player, in Munich two weeks 
ago to restrict Bayern to a 2-1 
victory, which puts tbe onus on 
them to reach the semi-finals. 

Bayern, who won 4-0 away to 
WaLiof Mannheim at the week- 
end. may pay a bitter price for 
their failure to capitalise on 
their first leg domination be- 
cause Auden echt, too. have 
been in impressive form. They 

scored a resounding 3-1 win 
over UEFA Cot quarter-final- 
ists, Waregem. Georges Grim, 
stretchered off in Munich, is 
unlikely to be fit but 
VercautereiL, the Auderiecht 
captain, whose touch and cool 
head was sadly missed in foe 
first leg because of influenza, 
will return. 

Benfica, riding high after a 
run of domestic wins, are con- 
fident they can overcome a 1-0 
deficit from foe first kg when 
they stage their return against 
Dukla Prague in the Cop 
Winners’ Cup. 

The Czechs will not be taken 
easily however. Currently fourth 
in their first division, they beat 
reigning league champions, 
Sparta Prague 2-0 on Sunday 
and recently thrashed Cesfce 
Budgovice 10-0. 

Caldwell asks to go 

Dave Caldwell, the forward 
signed for £12,000 last summer, 
has been put on the transfer list 
by Chesterfield after foiling to 
establish a regular place with tbe 
third division dub. 

Oxford pair called up 

John Aldridge, the Oxford er, McCarthy is the only notable 
forward, and his team coll eagu e, omission from the squad. Goat 


keeper Jim McDonagh 

named for the first time in a considered because he is now 
Republic of Ireland squad. They playing indoor football in Amer- 

have been called up for next 
: week's international against 
i Wales at Lansdowne Road. 

There is also a s unri se recall for 
Jerry Murphy of Chelsea, who 
won foe last of his three Irish 
caps six years ago, in the 26-man 
squad chosen by Jade Chariton, 
Ireland's new manager. 

This is Chariton’s first game 
in charge and be dearly intends 
looking even' player who is 
available before whittling foe 
squad down to a more manage- 
able size for next season’s 
European championship 
qualifying campaign. 

Tbe Manchester City defend- 

ica, but everyone else who took j 
part in Ireland’s u nsuc cessful i 
attempt to reach tbe World Cup , 
finals has been retained. 

SQUAD: p Boom* 

(FuBtsm). A mum 


ByXettitMackfia ~ 

Leading fust division dubs 
have threatened to .form a 
breakaway “super league" . if 
they are not given a greater say 
in foe management of league 
affairs and a. greater share of 
television sponsorship and 
other income: 

The dubs, including Wsan. 
St Helens, Halifax, Hull. Hull 
Kingston Rovers, Bradford 
Northern and Warrington, met 
privately .on Monday and are to 
present an ul timatum to the 

POT!* ‘ - - 


This development, is un- 
expected, although it has been 
known for some years that foe 
top dubs, who command tire 
biggest gates ?nd achieve foe 
greatest success, have been dis- 
satisfied. with the amount of 
power, and daim to income, 
granted to lowly second division 
dubs. • . • ' 

Disenchanted clubs at- 
tempted to have the matter 
discussed at today’s meeting of 
the management committee in 
Leeds, but they were told foal 
there is already a full agenda, 
including the question of 
Fulham’s rescue. 

The public relations officer of 
foe league, David Howes,, said: 
“We are a members’ game, in 
which decisions are made by all 
the members. Therefore, a max-, 
ter of such seriousness cannot be 
discussed in a hurry. It would 
seed to come before both die 
management com mittnc and the 
foil coundL" 

Second division dubs will not 
jy since many are sxnig- 
w survival. Many are 
vflv in debt and without foe 


by an ebuOieut Soot, Alex 
McGowan. A relaxed figure for 
whom “datiqg is not foe end oT 
foe world”. Miss Thomas chats 
amiably to all and sundry about 
the e x perie n c e of studying at 
Stanford University with appar- 
ently no sign of foecoRywabbfcs 

’ k' 1 .'] 

■ l«J l" 

Scotland on top 

D ar tmouth, Nova Scotia— 
Scotland mid Canada, who are 
both unbeaten in four games, 
lead foe -junior men's world 
curling ctuunptonship. ; 



(ArsonatL R Wbotan (LNorpcKJ, l Bad* 
I Sboody (E^ tKyiy ft 

ibtuimrocK Hover*;, ■ hoUbsos , 
(Ousens Parte ftenganL f 9tapMoo 
Manctmtor Urtted). J jQdrtdoo (Oxford 

Spring in 

By JimSautoa 

There was a touch of spring 
about the Tideway yesterday 
mooting snd Oxford quickened 
their step. In recent encounters 
the Dark Blues had been strug- 
gling to find a higher racing rate, 
which was evident both m the 
Reading Head of the River race, 
when tbey finished second to 
London University, and also 
last Saturday when London 
again pushed their noses in 

In short pieces yesterday, 
Oxford were moving off the 
mark at over 40 strokes a 
minute and maintaining for up 
to two minutes a brisk stride of 
around 35. Their coach, Daniel 
Topobki, achieved this through 
a standard rowing exercise 
called pyramids which L should 
add, is not an mberitence from 
foe many Nile boot races Oxford 
and Cambridge undertook a 
decade ago. It revolved Oxford 
cfimfiing up in intervals 
of one, one and a half and two 
minutes and ^inihing down in 
the same sequence with equal 
periods of light rowing in be-, 
tween, on the ebb from above 
Barnes Bridge down to foe rare 


. It was. a thorough exercise, 
indicating that Oxford have 
really put their nose to the 
grindstone m their final prepara- 
tions for foe Boat Race on 
March 29-The good solid work- 
out was all the more impressive 
for being into a perverse 
headwind around Hammer- 
smith. , • ■ 

Oxford will be hoping to put 
their act together again both this 
evening against an international 
squad eight and tomorrow 
alongside the Republic of 
Ireland's Garda Siochaaa. 

Cambridge only arrived on 
foe Tideway yesterday after- 
noon after a gnidKng work-out. 
at Ely over the weekend. The 
Head of the Rivd- race on 
Saturday takes place at 2. 15 and 
w ffl be contested by 430 crews 
and not at 4.20 as suggested in ' 
Monday’s paper. ■ 

OXFORD: G R Scraton (Maadalsn Col- 

* '. rii *’ v. f j' ■ 

II 'll.’l ,.?A» 

Cam and Isis positions 

Tbe final bumps charts for the 7 rccent Okford 
Torpids and Cambridge Lfcbt races: 



Miller’s tale of goals 

Schools football by George Chesterton 

FA YOlltfl XI 5 

Public Schools XI 0 

A splendidly fit FA Youth XI 
showed flair and a fine turn of 
speed to overpower a Public 
Schools XI at Bisham Abbey. 

The first goal came after a 
long throw-in by Leabum. of 
Chariton, who had as outstand- 
ing day, when Miller turned 
quickly to shoot borne from five 
yards. A minute later. Miller’s 
fine far post cross was tapped in 
by Burroughs. 

Holdsworth scored the third 
goal, heading in from dose 
range and emphasizing foe ae- 
rial dominance enjoyed by foe 
FA forwards. Five minutes be- 
fore foe interval. Uvett inspired 
a move which ended in Bur- 
roughs heading on for Miller to 
score again. 

Public Schools bad much 
more of the game in the second 

half, with Camperini missing at 
least one good chance. Allen, of 
Wolverhampton, was their 
outstanding performer, with 
James swSt and effective in 

But foe FA had foe final say 
when. 15 minutes from foe end, 
Thompson picked up a loose 
ball and deveriy flicked it 
beyond Dryer. 

FA YOUTH tt K BRU (Totartftam 
Hotepurt:L Braeay (Wert Ham UntodtR 
SwnRM(w (W ma lajon). J Ctatnfan 
rauMrrs Py* Bang**). G HotpwsMj; 
b H B te w M Rh (WMkri). C Latina 

mere UitiacQ. SSpwtan^BIwalX 
F fWd (Own SztiJeri'a Granrar 
SdiooL BMcktunL T Jo n a t (Krig's. 
CMtarl S AoartdfooUon), M Ca^aatw 

(ChtoNtiV. P AMn WoKa Him pto rt , N 

School. Bbcttxi 
A lahenaeed 
Cnip ai W (Vtd 

nal an n A 

P Stead (Bramnooft 
leBnfl b o r Bug h ). B 
! coleg*. Jaraayj. D 


vnono ano uw- 


Tulloh twins 
make debut 

Jo Jo and Katherine TflUflh, 
the 15-yeaz^oM twin dai^fotas 
of Bruce Tdloh, foe former 
European 5*000 metres chast- 
pion, make thrir first indoor 
appearance when foey emu- 
pete in the juedor I^OO metres 
event at .foe Dairy Crest 
National Indoor JJader-20 
weekend. Ukefoeor fotbo-and 
Zola Bsdd, foe teenge twms 
will be naming Id bar* feet. : - 

Last s^mer Jp Jo beat Imf , 
sister to wia the Ei^fofo 
schools’ junior L^OO meHres 

omne into foe side since foe 
victory over Lichfield in foe 
fourth round, - but only W 
members of foe HariequW 

knew- Cooke, Dent, CiS 
and Ohter - turned out in foe 
1W' defeat by Leicester at 
Twickenham last . 


Allib. 1 LlVLCO Vr i-i>i. X i> 1, 

Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


: u? 

- ’ V vif; 

■' \ +&* - - 



fiJO Breakfast Thm with Frank 
. Bough and Debbie . 

■- • Graariwood; Weather a- - 
6WJS.7J5.8Je and 
8JS; regional news. 
«Mtherand traffic at&57. 
7.27,7.57 and6J7; 
national and international 
• news at 7.00,7.30, 8m 
8 J 0 and 9J)0; sport at . 
reviewof the morning 
"- newspapers at 8J7. Pius. 

. •„ a five television poBto find 
. outwhat viewers thought 
of me Budget; In Paris. 

. Sefha Scott meets Elton 
John Glynn Christian 
.samples continental 
- csistne; and Beverly Aft 
discovers what the smart 
Frenchwoman is wearing: 

In the studio Steve ' 

- BteckneM presents me ‘ 

_ . newTop Twenty at7 J2; 
and Alison Mifcneil has her 
financial advice ’phone-in ; 

020 Ceefax 10.30 Play School. 
10 l 50 Qhartwr includes a 
tfiscuation on the best 
food for children to ensure 

... TL15Ceefex. 

12,30 News After Noon with 
Frances Covsrdate and 
1 , David Davies includes 
■* * . news headlines with 

.Z subtitles 12J5 Regional 
news. The weather detaOs 
.* come from Ian McCaskUL 
; 1 JO Pebble Iffifi at One with 

/ i . 3n ^ 

programme Includes a visit 
, -to the headquarters of the 

;• .. r - Ordnance Survey in 
. Southampton; and John 
* • ■ Cleese talking about Ws 

\z tUra career since the 
■ l Monty Python movies. 
> Ceefax 3 J2 Regional 

Vv.- ' news. 

V; 3J5 The Perisher* with the 
- ’? voice of Leonard Rossiter ' 
•<f- •' . as Boot (rt 4UM The - 
- Cftucfctetiounds. 4*05 
-V. - HnthcBff - the Cat 

i . Cartoon series 4.1 5 • 
vr Jackanory. Michael Palin 
**»' ' with part three of Roald 

x'-* Dahl's Charite and the 
, , r. Chocolate Factory 4*25 

6.15 Good 

Laurel and Hardy. 

■.» Cartoon (r) 4^0 You 

Should Be So Luckyl 
.^ .r Talent contest between 

' ;; .. stagescrioctetorougtoxrt 

the country. 

4 V 455 John Craven's 

Newsraund 5.00 The 

Dec em be r Rose. Part two 

of ttfif ax-episode drama 
serial fbr children 545 Rolf 
Harris Cartoon Time. 

6JW News with Nicholas 
WHcheH and Andrew • 
l. . .Harvey. Weather. . . . 

' t3S London Plus. 

„ ' 7.00 Wogait-Tonight's guests 
include playwright Alan 
Bieasdale, actressPaula 
~ Wilcox, chess champion 

- Nigei Short and, a singing 

- Samantha Fox. 

•• 7J0 No Place Uke Home. An 

1 announcement in the . . 

_ newspaper leads Arthur to 

believe that he could be . 

•' _I die reorient of a 

?** . legacy .(Ceefax) 

8.10 Dallas. While the wheelim 
. and dealing for control of : 

• Ewing OK gathers 

... * - momentum. Sue Blen 

" . ■ resides In her drying out 

— cbnic, unaware’tnat she’is - 
? r_”J‘ -to receive a surprise 

- ■> . . . visitor. (Ceefax) 

9 JO News with Julia Sdnieivffle 
' . arid John Humphrys. 

Weather. . 

. BJ30 The Budget Roy 
. Hattersteyrapfiesforthe. .. 

GlEJD. Anthony Oare 

presents a documentary 

filmed In nine pleasure 
parks, (see 
Sportsmght introduced 
by Steve Rider. World 
Figure Skating from 
Geneva: toe one-day 
cricket match between 
England and the West 
todies; a profile of racing 

driver Nigel Mansell; and 
• highlights of the Australian 
-national athletics 
-championships. . 
i Two By Two. The two-day 
Karrimor International 
Mountain Marathon 1985. 
investigated by Alistair 
Macdonald, (first shown 
on BBC North West) 
i Weather. 

Morning Brit 


ownond and Nick Owen. 
Exercises at B JO; news 
atM0 1 7JM f 7J0,8J0,- 
- f’MwtoS-OOjspoitair 
6-35 wxJ7 J4; cartoon at 
7 J4; pop music at 7J50; 
jrfdeo review at 8JS; Alan 
Warren talks about his 
book on toe dukes of 
. BmainatflJM; health - 
advice at 9.12. 

r headlines. 

. M0 For Schools: Chemistry- '.= 
poiytoene 952 Maths: 
patterns and the number 
ten 1004 Science: 
metamorphosis 10J1 The 
seasons 1033 English: Ifs 
my Ufa. by Robert Leesoh 
11.00 The battery 
operated vehicle. C5 Tf JO 
Hbw to describe things 
• accurately. For the hearing 
■. impaired. 11J7 Science: 

melting, freezing ancLa ' 

_ scale of temperature. 

12.00 Moschopa. Adventures of 
a Gfinosaur (ri 12.10 Our ■■ 
Backyard (3) 1230 Wish 
You Were Here™? Anneka 
Ricareports from Peking; 
Judith Chalmerefrom 
Hythe and Dymchivch; . 
and there is a report on a 
- dub-style hoflctey on the 
the Greek island of 
Skiathos. (r) 

1-00 News et One with Leonard 
. Parkin 1,20 Thames news 
. presented by Robin 
Houston. 1 JO A Country 
Practice. Medical drama 
series set in an Australian 
outback town. 

2J0 On toe Market Susan 
Brookes and Trevor Hystt 
with the best fresh food 
buys. The guest cook Is 
Rabbi Uone! Blue. 3J)0 
Gems. Drama serial set to 
■ - the Covent Garden 
workshops of a fashion 
design company 3L25 

- . Thames news headlines 

3J0 Sons and Daughters. 
4J0 Moschops. Arepeatofthe 
programme shown at 
noon 4.10 James toe Cat 
Cartoon series 4 JO The 
Wail Game. In this week's 
theatre workshop are . . 
pupils from Hotyport 
' ChurcbpfEngtand 
Primary School, . 
Maidenhead. They are 

- joined by Arfrian Moie, 
aHas Gian Sammarco 4 j45 

-. The Ark. Children on 
board toelr narrowboat 
continue their . 
environmental cruise. 

5.15 lee Skating. Third day's 
competition in the World 
Figure Championships 
from Geneva featuring 
Compulsory Dances, and 
the Men's Short and the 
Pairs Free Programmes. 

SAS Newt with Michael 

NichoiSon&OO Thames 

6J5 Helpl News of toe Stroke 

6J5 Crossroads. Norman 
. Roy finally see eye to eye. 

7-00 -Thie ls Your Life. Eamorm 
Andrews lias in wait to 
emotionally mug another 

7 JO .CoronatimrsMet Alf and- 
“mrAndr^Mtffowa house- • 
.. ; -warming party. (Oracle) 
8-00 Mlndsr: Loomng for : 

Micky. Mad MWcy goes on 
- the run from ptielrreforcl 

. Prison and Terry looks 

• -after ItinuteDing Arthur 

- . . that Mickey wants to 

. protest about the length of 

- — sentence. Arthur 

hawks the story in Fleet 

• Street (r> (Oracle) 

9J0 British Cinema: Personal 
View. Director Lindsay 
Anderson with hts 
persona] view on the state 
of British dnema. (sea 
' Choice) 

1OL0O News at Ten with Martyn 
. Lewis and Pamela 
Armstrong. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

1030 The Budget The Shadow 
- Chancellor repfieson 

behalf of the Opposition. 

1040 Mi dweek Sport SpecteL 
On the tdl this week are 
Ice skating, boxing and 
footbalL Presented by 
Brian Moore. 

1225 Night Thoughts. 


given tote week by Undsay 
Anderson. After toe visual and 
verbal p y rotechnica of Alan 
Parker, Anderson's Is a 
characteristically spare and 
rigorous approach which can 
best be described as an 
illustrated lecture. But if the 
format is restrained, the 
content is not After a few swipes 
at British Film Year, ' 

Anderson seizes on a statement 
by David Puttnam that the 
British dnema has always been a 

Rubbish-, says Anderson, who 
■ proceeds to a passioned ptee 

for truly British film making, with 

his own career as an 
example. We then get a potted 

win i lb history of Free Onema, that 

Lmosay Andersom a personal breve fittle movement of the 
view (ITV, 9.00pm) . tS50s led by Anderson, Karel 

6J5 Open University: ! 
Technology -Sound to 
View. Ends at 720. 

200 Ceefax. 

238 Daytime on Two: Science 

-animats of the soHIQJO 
For tour- and five-year 
olds 10.15 Maths counts 
1038 Using CSE maths at 
work 11 JXrWords and 
pictures 11.17 Drama, The 
Daughter of the King Ron, 
by Hector Macmfitan 11-40 
A fihn about adopting and 
fostering 1210 Ceefax 
■LOO Trigonometry for 
adults studying O-tovel 
maths 1.l5Careers 

universities 1.38 Urban 
and suburban wtfdfife 200 
Games popular with 
children 80 years ago 218 
Walrus 2-40 Children have 
24 hours In which to find 
the owner of a briefcase, 

3.00 Ceefax. * 

S30 News sutimaiy with 
subtitles. Weamer. 

5*35 Brk^eChib, introduced 
, by Jeremy James. A gukJer 
to better bridge pteying^rt 

6.00 Ftbn: Where Danger 
Lhres* (1950) starring 
Robert Mitcnum, Fami 
Dootergue and Claude 
Rains. A doctor's 
fascination for one of his 
patients leads to his 
invotvement in murder and 
deceit. Directed by John 

7.15 WBd Flower. Michael 
Jordan explores the 
history of wfid roses. 

7j0 Out of CowL presented by 
David Jessel and Sue 
Cook. This week's adtion 
includes an examination of 
how far the courts are . 
responsible for the 
acrimony between 
. divorcing parents on the 
subjects of access to 
children and maintenance. 

. Plus, reporter Ed Boyle 
- investigates industrial 


230 Rim: King Solomon's 
Mites* (1936) starring 
Cedric Hardwicke arid 
Paul Robeson. Rider 
Haggard's classic 
adventure story about the 
search for the legendary 
African king’s diamond 
mines. Directed by Robert 

440 A Plus 4. Mavis Nicholson 
■ talks to Professor Brian 
O'Connor of Oswestry 
Orthopaedic Hospital, one 
of toe country’s leading 
orthopaedic surgeons. 

420 Countdown. The first 
quarterfinal and the 
number one seed. Olive 
Spate, meets Tony Clarke, 
seeded eighth. Richard 
Whiteley is the 
. question master assisted 
by Gyles Brand rath In the 
amudicator's chair. 

640 Awe. One of the Phoenix. 

- Arizona, drier's 

colleagues, Joiene. is in a 
predicament over a 
muscle-bound night 
watchman who savedher 
fife and who now 
considers her Ns property. 

540 World of Animation. 
Variations on a Dragon, 
introduced by Richard 

B40 The Christiana. Part 11 of 
Bamber Gascoigne’s 13- 

Christian tty examines the 
roles of the missionaries 
who, in toe 19th century, 


Africa to release the 
natives from slavery and 
to convert them to 


740 Channel Rwr news wBh 
Peter Sissons and Alastafr 

740 Comment This week’s 
poitticaf stotisfflted by 
Peter UBey, Conservative 
MP tor St Albans. 

840 AMOurWoridng Lives. 

This pen ifitimate 
programme in the series . 
tracing the history of 
Britain at work in the 20th 
century examines toe 
growth of the electronics 
industry, (r) (Ceefax) 

SLOO M*A*StL A documentary 
film unit arrive at the 
4077th to film the hard- 
- . working doctors cheerfully 
-.saving soldiers 1 Pves- But 
the camera to make a fUm 
to show toe folks back 
home what life is really like 

In far away and war-tom 
Korea. (0 • 

925 That Uncertain Feeling, 
Parttwoof thefour- 
IGngdey Anus’s novel 
about a meek and married 
librarian and his 
Involvement with a local 

10.15 &idt^toe USSRJNn 8 ^ 
Johnstone reports on the 
making of the ffim. White 
Nights, starring American 
tap dancer Gregory Hines, 
and the Russian ballet 
dancer, now resident In 
the West, MfltoaH 

1045 The Budget Roy 

Hattersley repfieson 
behalf of the Opposition. 

1045 NewsraghL 11.40 Weathei 

1145 Open University: 

Interpreting a Dream 
1210 The Enlightenment 
Strawberry HfiT. Ends at 

840 A Little BH of Magic 
Reaflaed. ar Roy Strong 
tefis the story of Wiiam 
Fox Talbot toe father of 

840 Diverse Reports. Reporter 
Barbra Evans asks if 
dentists need us more 
than we need them, and 
suggests that visits should 
be every few years and 
not every six months as * 
recommended by the 
dental profession. 

:,940- Pro s pects ^ P ince-twd • 
•: Pearson, Rodent 
Engineers, is one of the 
schemes thought up by 
the two Isle ofDcws 
entrepreneurs. When they 
are given a job on a 
visiting ship.'toe local pest 
controller and Ns 
assistant team of 
competition on thefr patch. 
Starring Gary Olsen and 
Brian Bovefi. (Oracle) 

1040 Mr Pye. A repeat of 

Sunday's episode In which 
Mr Pye is unsuccessful In 
losing his wings but 
successful in establishing 
his wickedness. 

1045 The Double Death of 
Quintes Berro. Attack 
comedy from Brazil's TV . 
Gtobo about the.deato of a 
vtfiaga drunkard. His 
famay want to give the 
man a respectable funeral 
but his drinking 
companions have other 
Ideas and prepare one last 
adventure tor their late 
friend In Portuguese with 
Engteh subtitles. Ends at 


Retsz and Tony Richardson, 
whose purpose was "the 
poetry of the evetydey” In 
contrast to toe smug, middle- 
class ethos of the mainstream 
British feature film. Anderson 
charts his own, sporadic, career 
as a feature director up to the 
’’is this the last Free Cinema 
film?", he asks rhetorically. 

• O.E.D. (BBC1. 

9.40pm) is a curious series, 

implying a scientific 
dimension which it very rarely 
achieves. Tonight's 
programme is a case in point 
dealing as it does with thrill of 
the roller coaster. Trying for a 
spot of analysis, our genial 
narrator Anthony Clara says it an 

Radio 4 

On Long wave. For VHF, see end of 
Radio 4 

545 Shipping 640 News 6.10 
Farming 625 Prayer (s) 

620 Today, md £20, ?-30, 

820 News 645 Business 
News 645, 745 weather, 
740, 8.00 News 725, 

82S Sport 745 Thought tor 
the Day 825 Yesterday 
in Pariwment 847 Weather; 
940 News 

945 Money Box Budget Calk 
01-580 441 1. Listeners 
are invited to discuss 
yesterday's Budget 

1040 News; Gardeners' 

Question Time. 

1020 Morning Story: Escape 
Route by Norman 
Shad forth. Read by Martin 

1045 Daily Sendee (s) 

1140 News: Ttavel; The True 
Heart The story of Syfvia 
Townsend Warner, poet and 
novelist narrated by Sir 
Peter Pears. With Bsa Howe 


1148 Enquire Within. NbH 
Landor and experts 
answer listeners' queries. 

1240 News; You and Yours. 

With John Howard. 

1227 Lord of fttisrute. The 
battle for toe (ontehip of 
a Welsh valley In the mkf- 
18th century (6) the 
Conjurer's Gamble (r). 1245 
Weather; Travel 

140 The World at One: News 

140 The Archers. 145 

200 5K%man"s Hour. 

Inducting an interview 
with Dame Margaret Weston, 
retiring Director of the 
Science Museum. 

340 News: The Afternoon 
Play. Too Long an 
Autumn by Jimmie Chirm. 
With Brenda Bruce as 
the across who gets one last 
fling (s). 

347 Time for Verse. Kevin 
presents more poems 
inspired by pictures in 
the Tate Gallery. Readers: 
Brian Smith, Liana Avion. 

440 News 

445 Fie on 4. With Helen 

445 Kaleidoscope Extra. 

David Mamet, author of 
Glengarry Glen Ross and 
American Buffalo, talks 
to Nigel Andrews. 

540 PM: News magazine. 

5L50 Shipping^ 545 

640 News; Financial report 

620 Film Star. Alexand er • 

_ waJfcet recattffthe screen 
• career of Peter Sellers. 

• TOO News - 

745 The Archers 

goes back to the swings, 
sfides and roundabouts of the 
children's playground. But 
any attempt to account for toe 
psychology of thrills soon 
founders on the simple and 
obvious fact that some of us 
like to be scared out of our wits 
9 THE TRUE HEART (Radio 4 
1 1am) is a portrait of Sylvia 
Townsend Warner, whose 
many sided talent took in poetry, 
novels, feminism and early 
Tudor church music. She had no 
formal education and 
throughout her life she remained 
her own woman, with a 
passion for tea. coffee and 
cigarettes. She is 
remembered by a life-long friend, ; 
Bea Howe, and by Sir Peter ] 
Pears, who also narrates the ! 

Peter Waymark 

720 Fireside Tales. 

Storytetiers around the 
country share tales with Pha 
• Smith. 

745 For Better. For Worse. 

Claire Frankel 
investigates toe problems 
faced by married couples 
when one partner is black 
and one is white. 

8.15 Analysis. Mary Goldring 
on the future of local 
government after the demise 
of toe seven metropolitan 
authorities on April 1. 

9.00 Irish Drama. The 

Ornamental Pear Tree by 
Harry Barton. With Doreen 
Hepburn (r) (s). 

920 Adventure (new series) 

(1) Tandem Parachuting. 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on (tie Alfred 
Gilbert exhibition at ths'FLA. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy written and 

read by John le Carre (3). 
1029 Weather. 

1020 The Works Tonight 
10.40 The Budget. A statement - 
by Roy Hattersley, MP. 

1040 The World Tonignt 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today m Parliament 
1200 News; Weather. 1223 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and 

S. Wales only) as above 
except 5.55-6.00am Weather; 
Travel 11.00-1240 For 
Schools: 11.00 Music 
Workshop (s) 1125 Junior 
Drama Workshop (SJ1145 
Radio dub. 145-3.00pm 
For Schools: 145 Listening 
Corner 205 Looking at 
Nature (s) 220 Quest (s) 240 
Pictures in Your Mind 
(Ffcetry) 250 Something to 
Think About 540-545 
PM (continued). 1120- 
1210am Open University. 
1120 Matos: What is a 
Function? 1140 
Technology: Sound and 
Skmafs. 1230-1.10 

Schools Night-time 
Broadcasting: Listen and 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations et 
end of Radio 3. 

645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Morning Concert Speer 
(Sonata for trumpetthree 
trombones, corrtmuo), j S, 
Bach (Concerto for flute, 
and VKtiin, harpsichord, 
strings and conti rtuo, 
BWV1044, Lisa 
Beznosiukflute, Simon 
Standage, violin, Trevor 
Monteverdi (Confltebor tibi, 

. Dormne; Kirkby-, - 
- - soprano). Mozart (Symphony - 
. . No 27, in G major, K199). 

8.00 News 

845 Concert parMwa. Puccini 
f Capri coo Sinfonico}, 

Kreisler (bbesletd: 
Rachmaninov, piano rod). 

* Mahler (Biumine). Dvorak 
iSymphontc variations, 

Op 7B). 940 News 

945 This Week's Composer: 
Glazunov. Six Songs, Op 
59: Cable, mezzo and Keyte, 
baritone), The Seasons 
ballet music. Op 67 

1040 English Chamber 
Orchestra. Mozart 
(Symphony No 41 . under 
Barenboim). Grainger 
(My Robin is to the 
Greenwood Gone, etc: 
Britten conducting) 

1040 Peter Serkln: Piano 

recital. Mozart (Sonata m 
B flat K 570). Chopin (Four 
Mazurkas, Op 41], 
Beethoven (Sonata In £. Op 

1140 Ayres for the Theatre: 

Parley of Instruments. 

Works by Jeremiah Clarke 
(All for toe better, or, The 
Infallible Cure) and Purcell 
(The Double Dealer). 

1205 Tchaikovsky: Ronald 

Thomas (violin). Raphael 
Waliflsch (cetto), Anthony 
Goldstone (piano). Piano 
Train A minor. Op 50. 140 

1.05 Michael Garrick: a 

performance of Fire Opal 
and Blue Poppies (a 
sequence of visions). 
Instrumentalists Include 
Michael Garrick, piano 
and harpsichord 

120 Matinee Musicals: Ulster 
Orchestra (under Odaiine 
da la Martinez). With Allan 
Schiller (piano). Nicolai 
(Merry Wives of Windsor 
overture). Hay (Lament 
for Hugh Reynolds). 

Schubert (Impromptu in 
E flat. D 699, No 2L Sibelius 
(incidental music, PeJIeas 
and Meilsande). Field 
(Nocturne in B flatfor 
. piano and orchestra). Hay 
(Breeze from Scotland 
will bring my love), Malcolm 
Arnold (serenade for 
sm all orchestra) - 

220 Paganml and Bocchenrti; 
with instrumentalists 
Kantorow. Truster. Rowiand- 
Jones and Gifford m 
performances of Paganini's 
Tro in D, Op 66. ana 
Boccherini's Quintet In C 
major, Op 57 (La Ritirata 
di Madnd). 

320 British Ballet Music: 

Beecham arrangement ot 
Handel's The Gods go a' 
begging, and Holst's The 
Perfect Fool 

4.00 Choral Evensong: from 
Gloucester Cathedral - 
live; 445 News 

540 Midweek Choice: Rossmi 
(String Sonata No 3). 

Berber (Knoxvrite, with 
Leontyne Price, 
soprano). Schubert (Fantasy 
in C. D934: Menuhin and ■ 
Kentner), Sal linen 
(Shadows). Bax (Spring 

740 Debut Artists give their 
first recital on Radio 3. 
Timothy Wilson (counter- 
tenor). Sharon Gould 
(harpsichord). Works by 
Purcell. Caccmi. and 
Johnson (Where the bee 

720 Uncle Vanya, by 

Chekhov, m Christopher 
Hampton's translation. With 
Robert Stephens. 

Timothy Dalton. Brenda 
Btethyn. Michael Gough 
and (as Yelena) Cheryl 
Campbell (r) 

920 Scottish National 
Orchestra (under 
Jarvi).Part 1 . John Mariow 
Rhys's AquHeia: first 
performance - 

■ 940 Si* Continents: Angus- 
McDermid's choice of 

torsion radio broadcasts, 
morincxed by toe BBC 

10.10 Concert part two. 

Prokofiev (Symphony No 

-«) - “ " 

1140 Manchester Chamber 
Concert Salomon String 
Quartet The Haydn Op 17 
No 4. and the Beethoven 
B flat. Op 18 No 6 

1147 News. 1240 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open University. 

From 625am to 645. Open Forum: 

Students' Magazine 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. For VHF, see 
end of Radiol. 

and 820. Cricket Third Test West 
Indns v England at 1.05 pm. 

202 3.02, 442, 545. 642 6.45 (mf 
only). 945, 11.02 
440am Colin Berry (s) 640 Ray 
Moore (s)845 Kan Bruce (e) 1020 
Jimmy Young (sV 1.05 David 
Jacobs (s) 240 Gloria Hunntiord. 
phone-in fs) 320 Music AB The 
Way (b) 4.00 David Hamilton (s) 
640 Bob Holness te) 740 
European Soccer Special 
Gothenburgy Aberdeen, and 
Juventus v Barcelona (s) 920 
Listen to the Band; the Bodmm 
Band (joining vhf) 945 Sports Desk 
10.00 ft's a Funny Business 
(Peter Cavanagh) 1020 Hubert 
Gregg says Thanks for the 
Memory 1140 Brian Matthews 
presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from mldnightl 1.00 Pater 
Dickson presents Nightride (s) 

- — - -^am A Little Night Music 




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JAN 1987 

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Previews from April 152 
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Mai Today 2-30, Sat 4.00 & 7.48. 



From 3 AorU 


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From 10 AprO 


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The mi thriller by Richard Harris 
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CC 437 8327 or 379 6433 
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A New Play o>' RaMld W«rw— d. 

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•Rebecca storms to stardom' today 
JEANNE The Musical 
April 10 - May lO 
American Ballroom Theatre, with 
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Rosalind Newman A Dancer*. Bin 
T Jones ft Am* Zane. Rina 278 
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SAVOY Box Office Ol 856 8888 
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From 3 1st March ROMEO and 



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OUVIER -S' 938 

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England to face new 
ordeal by pace attack 

England will have to leave 
until the last moment their 
choice of team for the third 
one-day international here to- 
day. While Botham came well 
through a vigorous fitness test 

yesterday on the ankle which 
he tamed over while bowling 
against Barbados last week. 
Ellison was in bed with gastric 
troubles. Smith, who is having 
to take an old back injury that 
has recurred to an orthopaedic 
specialist, and Gatling, be- 
cause of his broken thumb, are 
both out of contention for 
today's match. 

With this four-match series 
level at 1-1, there is more local 
interest in these one-day inter- 
nationals. than in the Tests at 
the moment. There may well 
be a hill house on the little 
ground today, with 12,000, 
perhaps more, packed inside, 
and West Indies will be at full 
strength. Holding and Dujon 
are back in their side in place 
of Walsh and Payne. 

Ellison and Smith both 
fielded on Monday “because 
they wanted to.” Smith, in 
foct, missed a couple of slip 
catches off Edmonds, and 
Ellison managed only three 
overs with the balL He felt 
better, or less unwell, fielding 

internationals and three more 
Tests left on ihe tour. All the 
more pity, therefore, that they 
failed to take the chance they 
had on Monday of beating 
Barbados. It was touch and go 
for most of the day, and it was 
not for lack of effort that 
England went down in the end 
by three wickets. There were 
two very good innings played 
for Barbados- by Johnson and 
Reifer - and at the end Gamer 
batted dishearteningly well, 
using his reach to scotch and 
drive the short half-volley. 

“instant” form of the game, 
well as they undoubtedly play, 
than in a Test match. Of their 
last seven one-day interna- 
tionals they have lost three. 

Nor will England, lack for 
encouragement today. In all 
the Tests and the rapidly 
multiplying number of one- 
day internationals they have 
played away from home, they 
will never have been watched 
by more of their own support- 
ers. There will be something 
like 3,000 of these by the time 
of this week's Test match, and 

It is no coincidence that almost as many today. They 
England's best day of die tour may n0t be -as boisterously 
so far came m Trinidad on the ..ninhihired as West Indians 

“flattest” pitch they have in England 
played on, and in a one-day Qval. fc ut ft, 
international, the combina- keen and 
lion of the two chew, to some chauvinistic 
extent, the teeth of the West 
Indian fast bowlers. The pitch 
denied them steep bounce. Haynes, R B 
and the one-day rules required Gomes. CAB 
them to pitch the ball up. Even Mwshaii. R J K 
then, though, they won only Garner.CAWa 
because ot an outstanding ^ ■ y 
innings by Gooch, after going Oil JL 
to pieces in the field in the face 1 . 

of a fierce and brilliant on- 10.V©! 
slaugbt by Richards. It took 
only two balls of the Test Colombo 
Match which followed for Lanka achie' 
Gooch to be hit by a bouncer win over PS 

uninhibited as West Indians 
in England who go to the 
Oval, but they will be just as 
keen and not a bit less 

WEST INDIES (from): I V A Richards 
(captain). C G Graenidge, O L 

(captain). C G Greenidga, O L 
Haynes, R B Richardson, H A 

Gomes, C A Best, P J Dujon, M D 
Marshall. R J Harper. M A Hakfing. J 
Gamer, C A Walsh, B P Patterson. 

Sri Lankans 
level series 

w v 

Expensive miss: Johnson, who sewed 56, is fortunate as be is dropped by Smith. 

on the boundary than when he and for the difference between 
tried to bowl. Ellison is such a the two games to be under- 

trier th2t he is always a good 
man to have on the side, and 
he is worth some runs from 
the way he is batting; but it is 
no climate to be playing in for 
anyone with a wobbly stom- 

From now on the only 
opposition England meet will 
be the best the West Indians 
can throw at them, there being 
only the last two one-day 


ENGLAND: Rrst tomngs 171 (V Greene 5 
for 72). 

Second Innings 312 (I T Botham 70. P 

EL2 - 

BARBADOS: First Innings 217 (A S Gifcss 

• - Second Innings 

AS GiUcas c French b Foster 32 

M inross Ibw o Taylor ... 6 

C A Bast D Edmonds 42 

tT R O Payne c Franco b Foster 7 

N Johnson b Wiley 56 

LN Reiter not out 59 

W Rode Robinson bWiHey 14 

V Greene c Foster b Edmonds 6 

•J Gamer not out 23 

Extras (b 7. tb 8. nb 8) 23 

Total (7 mMs) 268 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-22. 2-61. 3-71. 4- 
129. 5-170. 6-208. 7-222- 
BOWUNG: Foster 16-1-69-2: EBson 4-1- 
16-0: Taylor 12-1-38-1; Edmonds 27.4-5- 
84-2; WOsy 18-1-46-2. 

Umpires: N Harrison and S Parris. 


The pitches in the nets here 
provide a pertinent reminder 
of what they used to be like in 
the middle, and of how much 
more enjoyable batting was 
then. There is not a trace of 
green to be seen on them. The 
ball turns a little, but it flies 
only if the bowler really bends 
his back. They have provided 
the best practice of the tour. 
Out on the square, things are 
very different. If they were 
noL I doubt whether even 
Barbados would produce the 
flow of fast bowlers that it 
does, most of them with the 
height to get the ball to lift in a 
way that the archetypal En- 
glish seamer seldom can. 

Even so. England must have 
a chance today, a belter one. in 
all likelihood than in Friday's 
Test match. The pitch is 
unlikely to be as grassy as it 
will be then, and there is less 
time in a one-day match for 
the difference in class between 
the sides to take effect Results 
show how decided more vul- 
nerable West indies are in the 

Colombo (Reuter) — Sri 
Lanka achieved their first Test 
win over Pakistan yesterday 
when they beat them by eight 
wickets on the fourth day of 
the second Test The victory, 
only their second in Test 
matches by Sri Lanka, was 
soured by Pakistani claims of 
bad umpiring. The series is 
now level 1-1 and the third 
and final Test starts on 

PAKISTAN: First Innings 132 (K Kreuppu- 
aracbGbi 5 tor 44) 

Second tentegs 

Mudassar Nazar few b Kunap uar achcrt T 

Motain Khan cdeSHraboe Mol ,2 

Oaten Omar c da AMs b Ratnayaka 52 
Rameez Ra|a c de Ahvls b Ratnayeke 21 

Jawd Miandad Ibw b Ratnayaka 38 

SaNm MalBc c WWtHnimy b Ratnayaka 30 

Imraf) Khan c da S4va b da Mel 0 

Taunef Ahmad KnvJj Ratnayaka T 

Waami Akram e Ranatunga 6 de Mai - 0 
fZMqamaai Bnv b KinjipuarechcM — 5 

Motafti Kamal not out 13 

Extras (b L l-b 8. ivb 4) 11 

Total : 172 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-6. 2-6. 3-72. 4-93. 
5-131. 6-136.7-136, 6-145, 9-154. 10-172. 

BOWLING: de Mel 16-1-763; Kwimpu- 
arachchi 10.3-1-41-2: Ratnayaka 17667- 
5: Anuasiri 2-06-0. 

SR1 LANKA: First tunings 273 (A 
Ranatunga 77: Waten Akram 4 tor 57) 
Second Innings 

S Wettrmuny c Salfen b Imran 7 

R S Mahanama c ZiAqanabi b Imran .. 8 

A P Gurustnghe not out 9 

P A da Sflva not out 1 

Extras (b 2. l-b 2. «r 1, n-b 2) 7 

Total (2 wkts) — _ — 32 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 261. 
BOWLING: Imran 7-2-18-2: Akram 8-1-10- 

l p. '■;* 

~i: -r f 1 -- ■**,"*>. * ~ 

Down and ont: Edmonds cannot bend quickly enough to stop Garner hitting the winning bonafony 

Out of the classroom 
into the limelight 

Olive brairdifor Ballesteros 

From John BaDantine, New Orleans 

By Mitchell Platts 

Patricia Johnson and Lilian 
Behan produced an excellent 
first round of 72, which is one 
under par, in the Avia Watch- 
es women's foursomes at The 
Berkshire yesterday, but the 
limelight belonged to Helen 
Dobson and Alison Johns who 
have received time off from 
their Lincolnshire schools to 
play the tournamenL Both are 
aged 1 5 and displayed tremen- 
dous maturity on the Blue 
Course to finish with a 74. 

-From the moment that Miss 
Johns drove the green at the 
first (207 yards) and Miss 
Dobson holed from seven feet 

for a birdie two, they re- 
mained in control of their 
emotions on what was hither- 
to the most important day of 
their golfing careers. 

Miss Johns and Miss Dob- 
son, who were out in 36. level 
par. with the assistance of 
three birdies, moved to one 
under par with another birdie 
at the 1 Oth. but dropped shots 
at the 1 1th and at the 18th. 

Those errors enabled Miss 
Johnson and Miss Behan, who 
were also out in 36, to move 
past them with a round that 
included five birdies and an 

Severiano BaDesteros makes 
his only appearance on the 
United States PGA tour this 
season to defend his title here 
this week in the New Orleans 
Open by courtesy of the PGA 
commissioner, Deane 
Beaman. He will, of course, be 
able to play in non-PGA 
events like the Masters, from 
April 10 to 13, and the United 
States Open. 

use of releases for conflicting 
events than was our policy and 
it provided a stumbling block. 

As a result, be declined mem- 
bership on several occasions, 
wishing to retain the European 
Tour as his primary circuit. 

But his presence in the 
tournament, which starts to- 
morrow and will be televised 
nationally by NBC, is a delib- 
erate concession by the tour's 
policy board and it can be 
looked upon as an olive branch 
to invite him back into the fold 
in 1987. 

“Ballesteros's interest inten- 
sified in 1983 when he corre- 
sponded with Mr Beaman 
several times in an effort to 
reach a compromise. “His 
basic argument at that time 
had to do with the 'home 
country’ exception to the tour's 
conflicting events rule, under 
which foreign members are not 
required to obtain a release 
from the commissioner to 
participate in their home 

What exactly is the case 
against Ballesteros which 
caused his banishment? In 
anticipation of anything the 
Spaniard might say this week, 
Mr Beaman has issued an eight 
page document of explanation 
which I have freely abridged, 
using his words. 

“Ladies and Gentlemen of 
the world jury of golfers, from 
the late 197% Ballesteros has 
expressed interest in becoming 
one of our members. But his 
desires are for a much broader 

“Ballesteros pointed out that 
since only three European 
events were held in Spain he 
could not support foe Europe- 
an Tour to any significant 
degree under such restrictions 

“He proposed that foe 
'home country* exception be 
extended to include foreign 
members ‘home circuit', 
meaning that be would not be 
required to obtain a release to 
participale in any European 
event regardless of whether or 
not it is played in Spain. 

“In return for such special 

privileges, BaDesteros agreed 
that a minimum of IS appear- 
ances per year on the US Tour 
was a fair trade-off Commis- 
sioner Beaman agreed and foe 
Policy Board approved this at 
its August 23, 1983 meeting. 

“Armed with a regulations 
change with which he agreed 
and in feet which he had 
helped to create, Ballesteros 
officially joined the tour on 
September 30. 1983. During 
1984 he played in IS events 
but in the late summer of 1985 
it was apparent that he would 
have difficulty in honouring 
his commitment for that year. 
He was twice forewarned in 
writing of the penalty. 

“Members of foe jury, you 
will see from foe attached file 
of correspondence that on July 
1 1, 1983. Ballesteros wrote ‘I 
do not foresee any problem to 
playing a minimum of IS 
tournaments during 1985, or 
maybe more.' 

“Yet in Septem b er 1985 be 
was quoted from Wentworth 
saying 'America is not for me. I 
am not going bade there again 
this year.* 

“On October 29, the Board 
revoked his membership (an 
exception was made for New 
Orieans).We await Ballesteros’ 
“defence” with interest 

Sibson is out to prove 
he is best in Europe 

By Srikmnar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

After the death of Steve Watt, the expense of Hero! Graham, 
the Scottish welterweight chain- the champion, and then go for 
pion, at Charing Cross hospital the work! title. His performance 

on Monday, it felt s tran ge on against Sanda wfflsbowWhether 
Tuesday to pick up a pen to or not Graham Should start 
write a preview of a boxing getting worried. • 

write a preview of a boxing getting worried 

match today, almost as if noth- The European champion took 

ins had happened 
Ifonly it waspc 

only it was posable to give 
the blows that led to the death of 

IS rounds to beat Hunter Clay, 
of Nigeria, and Sanda knocked 
out Qay in six rounds in 1984 

Watt a rest and stop and sit though' he was subsequently 
down , and catch your breath a b eaten on points in a 10 

bit But whether for fear of rounder. - 
losing face in the renewed - Sanda is an e xp e ri enced boxer 
demands by doctors to ban with six years slogging in the 
boxing, or losing money, orfece United States andAfnca. He 
and money both, or whether it is has had 20 contests and lost four 
that the show and life must go of them. His basic professional 
on. Punches wiS continue to be training was in Floyd 
thrown with unabated ferocity Patterson's gym in New York, 
tonight. so he should Know a few moves. 

Tony Sibson hits awfully If Stbson disposes ofhim eariy ft- 
hard. After his return to the ring should encourage Warren to 

since his 14-month enforced rest fight even harder against B J 
because of an arm irynryjhe will, Eastwood, Graham's manager. 

no doubt, not waste much time . for the right to stage the Eoro- 
seeing off Abdul .Umara Sanda, peaa championship bout, which 

of Ghana, who will be challeng- m turn would mean more 
ing Sibson for the Common- money for the boxers. 

Alexandra Errol Christie, foe Coventry 

Pavilion, North London, to- middleweigbi, makes bis return 
night- since a -period of sfence after 

Sibson has barely had six that knock-out by Mark Kaylar 
minutes' boxing after bis return ' last Guy Fawkes night. Clmstie 

but in disposing of Juan is 'now under the wing of the 
Elizondo, of Mexico earlier this experienced trainer, Berme 

year he showed that be isamuch Fossey, and it win be interesting 

harder and uncompromising to see wfoen Christie meets Don 
man under Frank Warren, his Bowers, of United States, what 

new adviser and promoter. Fossey has done . to keep 
Sibson is determined to prove Christie's diin . out of harm's 

these two booklets 
set out your financial options. 

Black the crucial man 
to Aberdeen’s hopes 

himself the best in Europe, , at way. 


By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

Tlie financial It nmtila to aim fi »r is head* 1 win, utils 1 
win. And these nut freetoxiidets from Allied Dunbar can 
help you do this. 

* Arranging )t tur Affiirs" is a ttw )-pait review t tlju-rst mal 
lintmcial priorities, the binding of major outlays and how 
io provide for three.* key tvenmiilirits - illness." itrinmnt 
jnd death.The opiions an? presented u > you deafly and 

And if you led in need of pent mal linanciai guidance - 
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R >r yt air free ' \i wr Affairs" hi x ikleis just 
complete the details below and post to: Sonia Denned, 
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There ‘is no obliga lion ft jt yt >u to take any further action. 

Hcaxr soul nur.litv and wth urt rtitijpiii (lJillml Dmihap. “Amiijjng 

Vwik (Mr Mr. Mrs) 

Alex Ferguson, foe manager 
of Aberdeen, returns tonight 
to foe Goteborg stage where 
his side won foe Cup Winners' 
Cup in 1983. Then, on a cold 
and rainswept night, they beat 
Real ’Madrid in front of a 
limited audience. Now, with- 
out the protection of a lead, 
they will attempt to reach the 
semi-finals of foe European 
Cup in front of a partisan 
crowd of some 40.000. 

Goteborg, foe UEFA Cup 
winners in 1982, are foe 
favourites to go through after 
their performance in foe first 
1 m. Aberdeen, so surp rising ly 
off colour at home that they 
were almost opaque, twice 
109k foe lead through Willie 
Miller and Hewitt and twice 
allowed their opponents to 
equalize through Holmgren 
and. crucially, Edstrom in foe 
final minute. 

Effectively. Aberdeen must 
win tonight to reach the last 
four of the competition for the 
■ first time, and their hopes rest 
heavily on Black, their leading 
scorer. Bui he was injured 


The others are Weir and 
Simpson, both of whom 

In defence 
of Nelson 

Accra, Ghana (Reuter) 
Azumah Nelson of Ghana, the 
World Boxing Council feath- 

played against foe Swedes a 
fortnight aeo. At least Lei oh - 

fortnight ago. At least Leigh- 
ton. Aberdeen’s international 
goalkeeper, has since recov- 
ered from foe eye infection 
that forced him belatedly to 
pull out of foe tie at Pittodrie. 

Goteborg are reported to be 
at full strength, a phrase that is 
more accurate than usual. 
Physically sturdy and strong, 
they wanned up last week by 
beating Lahti, foe Finnish 
champions, 2-1. That could be 
ominous. Before travelling to 
Aberdeen, they went to Wim- 
bledon and lost 7-3. 

erweight champion, will not 
return to foe united Stales to 
take a further drug test, ac- 
cording to his physician. Dr 
Barth Plange. 

Dr Flange said that foe 
positive test conducted after 
Nelson’s successful defence 
against foe Mexican, Marcos 
Villasana, in Los Angeles on 
February 25 amounted to an 
attempt to cheat him of his 
title. “Something very funny 
is going on. They are trying 
some very unorthodox means 
to cheat Azumah of his title, 
something they have failed to 
achieve in the ring,” he said. 

The Scots, Briiain's lone 
remaining survivors in thfc 
season's continental competi- 
tions, threatened to pierce 
Goteborg’s defence as easily 
two weeks ago but their finish- 
ing let them down. If they are 
to be uplifted tonight, they 
need Black to make his marie. 

. anofoeroperation on his trou- 
blesome right knee yesterday 
• in a bid to salvage ins football 

( season. A-spcoanst diagnosed 
that repealed ^ swefling was 
caused by a foreign body left 
in the Joint during a previous 

Not pleased 

Nottingham are upset over 
Wasps’ refusal to play a 
possible John Player Cup 
quarter-final, tie on Saturday 
week. Untfl Wasps resdve 
.then- fourth round dash with 
Blackheafo on . Sunday.-. Not- 
tingham win not know their 

Nebom *No more drug tests’ 

opponents. If Wasps win, die 
RFU- say the match nrast be 

wickets for Austxafia, received 
a standing ovation afterhowL 
iog the penultimate over of the 

RFU- say the match ntost be : 
{flayed next Wednesday; at' 
Nottingham's Beeston 
ground. "• _ r • 

Final curtain 

Taylor back Captain Blair 

during last Wednesday's Scot- 
tish Cup victory over Dundee 
LTnited and is_ one of three 
players who are doubtful in a 
lineup that has yet to be 

More football, page 38 

Teams ready 

Alain Prost and Kekt Rosbeig 
will lead the Mariboro-McLaren 
team into the 1986 Formula 
One motor racing seasou- 

Sydney (Reuter) - Jeff 
Thomson, the scourge of bats- 
men in the 1970s, bowed out 
of first-class cricket here yes- 
terday. Thomson, aged 35, 
failed to take a wicket in the 
New South Wales second 
innings but he gave his all as 
Queensland went within two 
wickets of taking the Sheffield 
Shield for the fust time. 
Thomson, who took 200 Test 

Bob Taylor, the former 
England and Derbyshire 
.wicketkeeper, is returning to. 
Test cricket as a co nsultan t. 
Taylor, aged 44, will work 
with Comhili. the sponsors, 
on a promotional baas, giving 
up his post as Derbyshire's 
second team coach. ■ 

Loose forward Roger Blair, 
of Seaton, wiU captain foe 
Great Britain amateur Rugby 
League squad to tour Austra- 
lia at the end of the season.-/-- 


Wfahingtcr), I 

Fashanu hope 

The Brighton forward, Jus- 
tin Fashanu, aged 25, had 

(D»d8L HuM (Barrow! 8tmw 
TMa (Htrary WoiWt). 7o*l 

1 rouuia.i 
for new 


wave . 

A strange and watefaf 
thing has happened in Austra- 
lian yachting circles. Two 
three Kerfer sheets to 
the wind, have ; extended 
thought beyond the onuupres- 
car America's Ctap. 

For this daring act, (hey 
.hare earned themselves foe 
hind of states usually reserved 
for BrazSzaa footbaBm in 
Italy. They hare brazenly 
stood ontagain&t aa estabfish- 
-meatof war-crying. Perthwus 
asd refased to look inwards to 
that little pocket of frenzied 
acfivityto Fremantle. Instead, 
foey are casting their eyes And 
casting off their boats ra the 
direction of Newport. .. . . a 

The BOO Round foe World 
race saib off from Neivprat in 

August and at least two Aus- 
sks trig mount separate sin- 
gle-handed campaigns to be 
the first one bade, about nine 
months later. 

While foe cap has been 
consuming teterett like ’. a , 
black hole, ex-stimt p3ot John 
Bjddtecwubcaad Inn Kwrnan, 
a boSder from Kvifbifli, Syd- 
ney. havebeen foregoing sleep, 
wages andany semblance ra 
normal fife to mount .their., 
respective ehaunnav^gnimg 
1 campaigns. 

It is; they assure everyone, 
foe ottimate: over 160 days <m ;. 
foe tonrid ocean, wave an d^ 
covering 27,000 mils, front* 
start— riaCapeTowB,Sydtte? 
and Rio — to finish. The 
saHtira seem to relish foe 
pro^tef ri being a SDe-nran 
crew bobbing np and down on 
non of foe uw ra st r o u s seven 

|A . jf! ■ ' ‘ 

[ seas arifosoti^phto weatiter 
[ w r i n to nt s and» hbtfie of-grag 

printouts and 
for company. 


Biddkcoafoe ^is actually 
looUng^ forward to the race. 
* t MVfruata^ic,' w lte said. **I . 
never get bored because I work 
so btoody hard?' In fooseldk 
motoewtt between t tfog to 
lcecphedy « Bd thn b era togrtb * : . 
er as Ove Horn tomes into | 
riew, he intends to play his 
saaagiraite at: to na unn e with 
his on-board comparers or 
keep^ a warthg eye on his 

HfebOftyacbt, ACI Crusad- 
er, was Undbed last year 
spedficafly for the chaOenge 
at a cost rf AS25O,O§0 
. (£321,951). This has been 
thoroughly upstaged in the 
financial sense, however, by 
KfcsaahY yacht, foe Spirit Of 
Sydney, Whkh not only has a 
Ben LoEcen-deri^ed tag tofts 
credit, but also a budget - 
approaching $1 billion A 
(£684,93L40^- # 

In foe inangaral race fbor 
yean ago, torprids sank 
never to be seen again, and two 
ranagroand. The owuer-OccD- 
pier of foe New Zealand yacht, 
Oty of Dimedm, woke Up one 
morning to find bftmelf gazing 
at sheep instead of surf. He 
had iradvextendy beached on 
foe Fafidand Islands, hot tect- 
3y foe BritiA Navy wete stifl 
m occupation. 

The captain erf a fonner . 
freodt urior $vb, Jacqaes 
de Some, spent three desperate 
days bafing ont Ifor boat, 
Skmem IV, after a storm hid 
left ft dismasted and holed. 
His SOS was picked op 'and 
relayed to ± follow competitor, k 


Z - -4- 

■£ t ■■■•i 



i •*»-* . .: , 


To say Blddlecombe feels 
the sape way would be mb 
endrastatement. -■ This is foe. 
main, now 42 years old, who 
retonied fhmta rootot trife to 
America - with foe mdename 
Rambo.for Ids .spectacular 
fitness. ■ : ; . 

. Not content with {dumbing 
these depths of insanity he is 
already pfottingrhis next bloe- 
watte escapades - a singte- 
handedaail round Apstra fi ar to 
in 1988 and, frdhming foot, a 
$5 miffion pre fe ct to enter foe 
Whitbread rmnad^the world 
raefc ?" • 

, Thereis, howerer^ooe pal-,, 
pdde- boot, finm all fofo 
nutty, nautical business. The 
bMges oa foe boats are foe 
best of friends. ‘‘We^re a feeed 
apart," T rays’ 45^year-Old 
Kieraan (homily^ “Theres a . 
voy stroag bond, between ns 
alL We tolk to eadi ofoer ' 
dnrlugthe race; We ie^ each 
other on.We're very friendly.” 

both leave. Sydney next week- 
tod tobegfefoe laQghjudrvia 
Tahfti and Panama, to foe 
atert fire taNew^on: itmst 
he foe- longest pre-match 
wannnipSrs|4ir£i:'-, ■ ' 

'• SueMott