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offer on 

Mr Paul Chanson, Secre- 
.taiy of State for Trade and 
IiKuasiry, is expected to mafr^ 

- a- CoamtODs statement next 
Tuesday, ansoeociag a com- 
.promise deal fur British Ley- 
land pnvatization under 
-which Qeneial Motors taife a 
substantial minoriiy of the 
she^ in -Land Rover. 

- . . A fon Commons driate has 
been pencilled in for Wednes- 
day and although Mr John 
Tailor, Conservative MP for 

• SoObu^ j«serday gave want- 
ing of a **majorTevolf', minife i 
lets ^expect to be able to 
contain the . rebellion and 
qbicMy bury the controversy 
with- the rismg of the House 
,for . Easter on Manndy 

'■■'lA number of permiitations 
;on .Uie d^ . were yesterday 
being .floated, at Westminster 
but senior ministeri^ souroes 
have emjAasized that they 
. were . attempting *^0 wrap 
Land Rover in the flag'^; 
ensming that S! per cent of 
the company was ratained in 

One option would be for 
General Motors to lake 49 per 
ceati with the residtml hoidlag 
being broken up between Ci^ 

, insuiutions and the existing 
'British Leyland. It would then ' 
'•be posible to float tberesdu* 

; al .BL bolding later,, with 
~GeDml . Motors eatduded 

• frcHn increasing its h<rfding. 

' Ministers yestenlay main- 
.tained the line that talks were 
jstfl] goii% on and that the BL 
board had not yet taken a 

By AnfliOBy Bevins, Polilical Cofreapondent 


Hooray tor : 
Hollywood z 

Be&ad Qsc^ r- 

down ito 

and m the 



in Britain 



The Times Portfolio dafly 
csnipetMwi p^e erf £2,BQ0 
was WOB yesterday Mr 

MeCNomisgton of Tindcen- 
fcami PortfoUe list, 26; 

bow to |rfay, inftnnaiiM seiv 
Tice, page 16. 

One dead in 
Paris blast 

One person was killed md 21 
imurra — nine serioui^ — 
-an explosion rip^ 
tfa rongb the ground floor of an 
arcade in the Ctemps Elysfic^ 
Paris, last night. Firemen said 
ofliers were still trapped. 
Shortly after, police defused 
an explosive device at the 
Chitelet station in tbe 

Teachers’ vote 

Scottish teachers have voted 
8-1 in &vour of a IS per crat, 
two-yw pay. deal, according 
to pfeliminary ballot lesnbsL 

Labour purge 

A concerted national purge oi 
Militant Tendency supports 
is being piaim^ by teading 
Laboitf li^i-wingere but pW" 
ty headQuarters will not be 
involved P^ 16 

Date for D 

The D prefix on vehicle 
registration irfates wfll conun- 
ue until "Oc^btf 1987, the- 
Department of Tian^xxt an- 
nounced. The August change 
tune clashed with motor 
dealers’ holidays PagP 2 

The Qoecn opens Gtratei 
Manchester’s new Exltitom>a 
Cenire Today. A Special Re- 
port reviews this and other 
importani ledcvcloptnent 
projects wider w “ 

HsawNm 2-S 
OmsMS 7-9 

Axta tS 

NWITittaK u 
PmiBCW 17-^ 
Chess 2 


Gtvsfwsias 16,16 
Skit - 12 
FeifBMS 19-12 
LswR^sw 5 

Lmde» • 
Sww Report^ 

Tbetocs.ew 31 
TV ft Radio 31 
Weather 16 

ft ft ft « « 

Mr Kinoock yesterday 
responded to reports that a 
deal had . already been struck 
whh General Monies by i^- 
ing for a Cotuikhis assuralDoe 
that tile House would not be 
denied tbe promisedc^ipoilu- 
nity for a ddiate and a vote on 
the recommended fbnnnla. . 

The Labour trader a^ed Mr 
John Btfl^ Leato tiie 
House, ifhe could allay .‘Justi- 
fiable anxiety** by giving a 
promise that there would be 
**no ooodnsive settlement of 
purchase by anyone or by 'an 
organization mu^ and until 
the House has debated and 
decided "upon the comse of 
events’*. ' 

Mr BifiTen smd that time 
could be jnovided feu’a delate 
if a reeommendatKKi was 
delivered next week. “In any 
event,” he added, -‘Jhe Secre* 
taiy of State for Trade and 
Industry will make a state- 
ment ui the House before the 
House rises ^ the Easter 

Two . CtKuervative back- 
bencbeis with a coostituenty 
interest in the future of Land 
Rover and Leyland Trucks, 
Mr David hmdel, MP for 
Bedfmdshifie South-West, and 
Mr Taylor, later intervened to 
emphraizo that it might be 
betterio bold, off a dedskni 
unto aft^ Easter. 

But thinisters suggested last* 
night that 'a debate on immi- 
gratioo prooedtues, scheduled 
for Wednesday, could give 
'way to a BL debate. 

The special cabinet com- 
fflitlee on BL did not meet 

yesterday and Mr Channoa 
provided only the briefest 
report on negotiations at a 40- 
minute meeting of the full 

There is no cabinet meetioje 
scheduled fm* next wedc and it 
is therefore probable that ap- 
proval for a (teal will . be 
sanctioned by Mrs Nteigaret 
Thatcher's team of ministers 
on tbe cabi^ committee. 

Meanwhile, Mr Taylor con- 
tinued to f^t for a Land 
Rover manay-fpent boyniat 
He said in an interriew on the 
BBC radio Wwfd at One 
programme that they had 
streamlined the company and 
put h back on the road to 
profit “They’ve done the hard 
oh, Miy lose out to a muttina- 
tional now 7* 

Mr Taylor said: “49 percent 
to General Motors won't go 
dowD in SolfoidL** If that was. 
tfaea^eed package; he guessed' 
that mere would be a Conser- 
vative bactdieach rebellion of 
between 33 and SO MPs. 

• While Brfr David Andrews 
and his group attempting a 
management bny-ont wLand 
Rover have made h dear they 
are prepared to discuss some 
involvement tv Geon^ Mo- 
tors th^ have set their foce 
against joining in a deal which 
would give tbe Americas 
company clear management 
control (Derek Harris writes). 

Tbty stin look to a puUic 
fioTatioii of Land Rover with- 
in abbut two years and would 
not want to see General 
Motors to have the ri^t to 
stop such a move. 

for royal 

By Alan Hamilton 

More than t far ee-onarters ef 
the pfdrfic aiteniTe the pairing 
of Prince Andrew with Mbs 
S arah Fagnson, an ojrfnloD 
poll condneted yestenUy by 
BBC TeierishNi^ 
TrafeprognBBe sugeats. 

Id a survey of 500 bomes, 
the poll found tfam 79 per cent 
of those Questioned thought 
Miss Ferffl is o n the ri^ wom- 
an for die pnee, wite only 6 
per oeot disupprorhig. Frac- 
tionsfiy fewer - tiirce out of 
four - thought the prince was 
the right man for Miss 

niace Andrew e merged as 
die nmle member of die Royal 
Fandly that UMSt women 
woaln tflee to many, aftboagh 
more than one AM of the 
wmnen Questioned admitted 
Aat no member of the fsinily 
took tiieir foncy. 

Perhaps man s^te&antly, 
62 per cent betiered-tiiat Mr 
Hector Barraates, Miss 
Fergu son ’s Amentiniaa step- 
faChtf, sboidd St invited m the 
weddl^ More than half of 
timse Questioned beUeved that 
At press nttericfed mo nuch 
in die coupled lives. 

Neverdieiera, die nsnal pos- 
se of photographers was lying 
in waft for Mbs Fergnson 
when she arrived for work as 
Bsiml at her Mayfoir office 

Deputy Assistant Commis- 
siuaer Mr John CndmeU, in 
Aa^ of secnity at Scotland 
Yard, cosfiniied that Miss 
Ferghstm^s cootisaing atten- 
dance at work posed no partic- 
ular security probkos fm the 
time being. 

For seenrity reasons. Miss 
Fmghson has left her flat in 
Battersea, and is living in a 
Loodod royal readence, 

Miss Sarah Ferguson paused briefly on the doorstep of her 
office in London when she arrived back at work yesterday. 

lieved to be Kensington 

Genealogists, meanwhile, 
have been betreri^ at ^ 
uuniftiBe of the impending 
unioa. Mr Harold Brooks- 
Baker, of Burkes Rrentge 
cale^tes for the fra 

time since Qneen Victoria’s 
accession, a brother of the 
Prince of Wales is marrying 
into a fiunfly in which the 
fatnre mother-in-law and fo- 
ther-in-law are divorced. 

Royri reaction, page 2 
SoDveoir boaaoza, page 3 

Chirac is 

•' '■•■ f.'Piaris ■- -■ 

' Tii Jariques CTiirac was finat- 
.ly appt^ted Mme Munster 
ofEpaiice. late yestciday after- 
noon, two days after President 
Ntitterrand had ori^oany said 
be would make the 

M Qrirac, aged 53, leader of 
the Gauflist RPR party and 
Mayor of Paris, was prerious- 
ly Prime Minurter'fiom 1974- 
1976 under Frerident Giscaid 
CEstaing. He becomes the 
tenth Prime Miniser of the 
Hflh Republic and the first 
Prime Minister of 

The delay in his nomination 
was lai^ty caused by M 
Mitterrand's desire to see M 
Ghitec's fun list (rf proposed 
government mimsteis before 
the ropointmenL 

Wh^ apparently agreeing 
that M should have a 
relatively fine .hand in the 
choice of most of bis minis- 
ters, M Mitteriand insisted 
that he should have “some 
say" rh app^tments to tbe 
two.kty ministries of defem 
anrf fin>i v!i gn aftaiTS, foT which 
the Prraident has ^KCific re- 
sponribilities under the coin- 
stitution. He turned down M 
Chirac's proposals for 

M Chiinc has now appoint- 
ed M Jean-Bernard Rmmond, 
aged 60. a career diplomat and 
at present Fimidi Ambassador 
to Moscow, ra For^ Minis- 
ter; nnd M Andre Giraud, ^ed 
60. a fonner vice-president of 
Roiault and a former ntember 
of tbe French Atomic Energy 
Commission, Defence 

The key post of Hnance 
Minister, openly coveted by 
M Gisemd, goes to M Eduard 
Balladur, a^ 55. 

In alL 14 fiiD . ministers and 
23 junior ministers have bran 
aCT^inted. Tbe first Cabi^ 
meeting • will be held, with 
President Mmenand in the 

chair, ' tbmonow. 

Dassanlt shock, page 7 

Leading artide; page 13 

Lord Hailsham accused of 
‘illegal act’ on defence fees 

By FiraiiDes Gibb, L^tl AfErin Cmrespoiident 

the Bar and hope that at the 
end of the day there wiU be 
some agreement, particularly 
the Crown. Court. The 
position is that if we have not 
got barristers there, tbeie is a 
rral probtem." be said. 

Lord Hailsham was yester- 
day accused of acting in 
br^h of his statutory duty in 
hmiting barristers’ fees for 
criminid legal aid defence 
work to S per cent . 

Mr Sydney Kentridge. QC, 
told Lord Lane, the Lord 
Oiief Justice, and two other 
judges, that Lord Hailsham 
had not carried out his duty to 
set “foir and reasonable rates" 
under tbe Legal Aid An 1974. 
He had also tailed to negotiate 
on a claim for rises of between 
30 to 40 per cent 
Altbou^ tbe Bar had re- 

'The 'di^iote--hetwdeD foe o fEnghmd and Wales and 
foe Government worsened 
yesterday with .foe. start of- 
Hi^ Court proceedings in 
which bairislers accused Lord 
Hailsham of St Marylebdne, 
foe Lord Cbancribu; of acting 
fllegally in limiting their foes 
for (eg^-aided defence work 
to 5 percent 

The Government is faring 
foe mounfoig threat of wide- 
spread disruption to foe 
Crown Prosecution Service, 
due to Stan in 10 days, by 
barristers who are equally 
ai^ over foe foilure of Sir 
Michael Havers, QC, Attor- 
ney General, to agree to their 
fee demands. 

Mr Roben Alexander, QC, 
chairman of the Bar, said 
yesterdty that no <^er what- 
soever md been made by foe 
Government on fee levels for 
Crown Court prosecution 

Barristers have ovenfoebn- 
ingly agreed that they foould 
be'nee to refuse prosecution 
briefs from April 1, when foe 

Crown Rosecutiob Serv^ B 
due to start in the 'six iheiro- 
poUtan areas outride London, 
unless they are “marked" in 
advance with a fee cons^ered 

The 1,^ salaried lawyers 
employe^ under tbe network 
of 31 chief crown prosecutors 
wifl take over reqxwsfoility 
for prosecutions from foe 

Law R^ort, page 5 

police. But none, solicitors or 
barristers, will have rights of 
audience in crown courts. 

The service will tlmefore 
rely tot^y on foe services of 
foe private profession in 
crown courts, and to some 
extent in magistrates’ courts, 
to supplement any shortrall in 
its own staff. 

Sir Thomas Hetfaerington, 
QC Director of Public Ftose- 
entions, who will bead foe new 
service, said he was conccnied 
alMut the banisters’ threat to 
wifodraw services. 

“We are n^tiating with 

pratedly tried to seek meetii^ 
with officiais to discuss foe 
ciaitn, based on a report by 
Coopers and Lybrand, none 
was arranged and they had 
suddenly beard in February 
that foe rise would be a 
routine one to cover inflation. 

Minister clears 
Guinness bid 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondeiit 

the efiea of foe m er ger on 

Guinness wifl be allowed to 
proce^ its £2.4 biflion 
takraverbid for Distillers, the 
Jobnim WaDoer whisky and 
Gordons gin drinks group, 
desfrite fears that it will item- 
age ciKDpetitioii hi foe Britirii 

Mr Geoffiey Paitie, foe 
industry minister, is expected 
to announce the decirion i<^ 
day or Monday. The go-ahead 
wmild come as a big blow to 
the rival Distillers bidder, Mr 
James Gullivef’s Argyll super- 
market grouA 

The origiiia] Guinness ofier 
for {fillers was referred U) 
foe Monopolies and Mergers 
CommisrioD, leaving tbe field 
clear for Argyll But tbe brew- 
ing and retailing group then 
came up wifo a scheme to 
quell government fears about 

This involves sdling five erf 
foe combined group's Scotch 
Miisky Ixands, including Haig 
and Buchanan. Stock market 
sources said Distillers is d<»e 
to sdling foe bnmds to 
Lonrho, Mr Roland “Tiny" 
Rowtend’s interuatiimal tr^ 
ing combine adiidi alrrady 
owns Whyte & Macitay 

Guinness and ArgyS were 
test night geaxiqg up for foe 
test bitter weeks of foe take- 
over fight. Both rides are said 
to have higher bids waiting in 
foe wings. The two bidders are 
much smaller than ^stillers 
and have staked much of their 
corporate credibility and fu- 
tures on a successful outcome. 

Shares up, 

The boom in share prices, 
oven added zest Ity Tuesday’s 
Budget, continued yesterday, 
while more buildhig societies 
cut mortgage rates (David 
Smith. Economics Cbirespon- 
dent, writes). 

Tbe Finmirial Times 30- 
share index rose by 25.6 points 
to 1415.1, a ren^ and foe 
first time tbe index has been 
above 1,400. 

The pound rose above $ 1 .50 
yesterday morning, before set- 
tling back to Sl.4880. a gain 
00 foe day of over a cent 

Tbe Nationwide^ Britannia 
and Lrads Permanent build- 
ing societies feU into line wifo 
Wednesday's 0.75 point cut in 
mortgage rates by foe Abbey 
National and Halifex. 

Details, page 17 
Market Report, P)^ 19 

aid vote 

From Mjchael Binyon 

After ten bows of impas- 
rioned debate, the House of 
Representatives voted yester- 
day by 222 votes to 210 to 
teject Preridem Reagao'sSlOO 
milliDD aid package to foe 
Nicaraguan rebels. It was a 
severe setback to Mr Reagan’s 
Central America policy. 

The vote came after an 
forceful appeal by Mr Thomas 
O'NeilL foe Sp^er, who said 
it would inevitably lead to 
America sending its troops to 
Niemagua. He alro quoted Mr 
Denis Healey, foe Labour 
Shadow Foreign Secretary, 
who said Mr Rragan’s Nicara- 
gua policy plai^ a heavy 
strain on tbe Western 

Only hours before the cru- 
cial vote foe White House 
declared that President 
Reagan’s last-minuie compro- 
mise had won more support- 
ers for his policy. 

The main elements of the 
compromise woe: 

• If congress approved the 
plan, Mr Reagan would send 
Mr Philip Habib, his spectel 
envoy, for urgent talks with 
leaders of foe Coniadora peara 
process group. 

• Immediate aid to foe 
Contras would be limited to 
$25 million. It would cover 
humanitarian assistance. 
Stinger missiles to combat 
Soviet-supplied helicopter 
gunship^ training, radio com- 
munications and inteUigence 

• The balance of foe aid 
would be given after 90 days 
unless fom was “a serious 
internal dialogue in 

• Tbe Administration 
would use $2 million to 
suppcHt foe Coniadora pc^ 
process promoted by Mexico, 
Colombia, Venezuela and 

• Mr Reagan would ap- 
point a five-member, 
bipartizan commission to 
oversee foe Sandinista Gov- 
ernment response to tbe call 
for talks. 

Letters, page 13 

Scots drink law held up as model for England 

AIoohoDsB and drink-driv- 
■np conriefions have teUai 
p^uftiean tiy hi SoMhud dnr- 
ing tiie past decade since the 
introdncfteD of more lelaxed 

Ucensing laws, aoeordnig to a 

report pnbGObed yesterday. 

The report; Ttem to Caff 
Tittu, by the Adam Smith 
InstftBte; an independent re- 
search nnft, says if Ettgtand 
copied Scodand'b example, 
there wonld be less aloerfiol 

“Ei^and’a azdiaic Ketias- 

ing tews are also holdh« back 

esEpandOD and hihibitii^ the 
ttaiviv fonrism imlBSl iy," a 
fer the iBstilnle 
said in London yesteiday. 

Slice opoimg booK were 
extend in Scomnd in 1976^ 
foe traditional “beat tbe 
dock** attitnde to drinking has 
dimihislied oraisidraaUy, die 
report fonttd. 

Dnriim the fist fiwryeais of 
the iwinns, drink-drivii^ 
CMirietions increased in Scot- 
by only L2*per oei^ 
conpati^ wifo 36 per cent in 
WtiglanJ and Wales. 

Violent- assantts roseby 
16.7 per cent, cmiqiared whh 
'43,9 per cent in Engtand and 

The report also fonnd m- 
dei^ftge drinking feU hy 18.6 
pra cent in dieToar ye^ np 
until 1980, comparM info a 

rise of moR than 23 per cent in 
Englaod and Wales. Coavk- 
doiis for drunkeiiness fell by 
13.6 per cent dariim 1976 to 
llttl, oODpared wifo a rise of 
13.1 per cent elsewtee. 

Snee 1980 ranrictioas for 
draakennes in Scodand have 
also rantinued to teU, from 
13,950 to only 6,581 in 1984. 

A study by Dr John Eagles 
and Dr John Besson, pub- 
Usfacd ip. tlB British Medkal 
Jdand of Psfddatry last 
NovembH, shoi^ there had 
also been a remarkable drop te 
die nnniber of men admitted to 
general hospitals in foe Gram- 
pian reghm with akohol-relat- 
edpraidems. . 

Hie report ss^ a Surrey on 
regSo^ trends is drinking in 
Britain foend that in 1974 foe 
average Sctftdsh temiiy spot 
II per cent more on drink 
(£2^ a week compared with 
foe UK avenge of £2,^1. 

After foe changes in foe 
licensiBg tews, foe pattern 
reversed, so that ^ 1983 tbe 
average Scottish Camiiy was 
DOW Spending £6.43, against 
foe UK average of £6.91 a 

The r^KMt reeommesds that 
Ucensing tews in Fiigland 
sboold be at least as liberal as 
those in Scotia^ espedally 
relating to opening bomv be- 
twera 10 am and midn^bt 

It also recommends that die 
remainiiig anomalies shonM 

swqrt away in bodi England 
and Attend and the pnblic, 
rather than official board^ 
should dedde whether there is 
snffidrat demand for more 
licensed ontlets. 

“ In the light of the Scottish 
ex-perience, foeve can be no 
reason for any further delays 
in inirodneing similar Bbend 
licensing laws, ^oposed Ity 
foe Errw Comiiintee, in Eo- 
glaad and Wales,** the report 

Time To Cali Time (Adam 
Smith Insdtnte, PO Bow 316; 
London SWlP2JH;r7). 

Trawler crew 
of five lost 
in Irish Sea 

By Peter Davenport 

The five-man crew of a 
trawler were all premmed to 
have drowned las ni^i after 
their vessel capsized in force 
10 gales in the Irish Sea. 

An air and sea search for the 
men was called OS' after the 
discovery of two empty 
liferafts and tbe body of one 
crew member. 

The vessel, the 98-toane 
Dawn Waters, left the Lanca- 
shire pon of Fleetwood last 
Friday to fifo for dover sole. 

Its owners, A M Seafoods of 
Fleetwood, last had contaa 
with the skipper, Mr Louis 
Qzard, on Tuesday when be 
radioed his intentions to put 
into Dou^as, isle of Man, 
yesterday to reftieL 

But at 9. 1 7 am yerterday foe 
oftsfaore supply ship British 
Enterprise V discovered the 
bows of the ves^ bridging foe 
surfeceofthesea 13 miles east 
of Douglas. 

Coastguards immediately 
inountM a co-ordinated 
search wifo two RAF ^ King 
helicopters and lifeboats Irom 
Ramrey and Doi^as. Com- 
mercial shipping in the area 
also joined in the operation. 

Shortly afterwards the 
trawler’s two liferafts and the 
body were found. 

But there was no trace of foe 
other men. Mr Michael Had- 
ley, coastnxard ^i^esman on 
the Isle ofMan, said last night: 
“There were force 10 gales in 
the area overnight and we 
assumed the vessd went down 
berause of the conditions. 

Lloyd’s may get 
EEC bonanza 

fiom Richard Owen, LnxemboniB 

The European Court of 
Justice yenerday look a big 
step towards the liberalization 
of foe European insurance 
market, from which Lloyd’s 
and other British insurers 
stand to gain substantially. 

Sir Gordon Slynn, Advo- 
cate-General at foe European 
CoiA said harriers erected 
against insnrance companies 
by France, West Germany, 
Denmark, and Ireland 
breached the Treaty of Rome, 
whidt caters for foe provision 
of services across EEC 

He was delivering an opin- 
ion on a case brought by the 
Commission against the four 

The opinion concerned co- 
insurance — excluding life 
assurance — in which several 
insurance compmties share a 
large commeimal risk. In 
some EEC countries such as 
France and Germany the lead- 
ing insurer, or main risk- 
bearer, must be established in 
and authorized by the country 
in which foe risk is innirred. 

Sir Gordon said this was 
“plainly a prima facie restric- 
tion on services," and was 
prohibited by the treaty. 

Tbe court is not obliged to 
follow the Advocate-General’s 
opinion, but Sir Gordon is the 
senior advocate and his judge- 
ment will carry great weighu..A 
final judgement is expected in 

Lord Mackenzie Stuart, the 
President of the couru has 
expmred impatience with the 
siowdismanuingorbarriers to 
services and the refusal of 
several EEC states to abide by 
existing EEC directives on 
non-life insurance. 

Lloyd's conducts 10 per 
cent of its business in other 
EEC countries, and stands to 
gain a lot if it is able to 
penetrate the European 

• City caution: A spokesman 
for Lloyd’s welcomed the 
opinion, but said hats would 
not be thrown in the air until 
tbe court found in fevour. 


Why iettlefor sea>rui Ivsi when you can own the Betvr/ct' 
sofa, a sty/tsh 2-setiter w'hieh tunwerts to a o-scaicr-or etm 
a single hed-in a tria^ 

W^ith a frame made from solid hecih, dtuf ovoiloh/e in a 
wide range of luxurious fabrics, its just one of the huge range 
youllfiitd iUiBtrated in foe Parker Knoll Booh of 0?mforL 

Don't Stand fork ss tlian 

Parker Knoll 

I ftir mnrr lajbnnatum qml <m SMh fiMsr vnd iht- lo 

Sue BliMii. rra, pjrfar Knoll Furattun- Lirnm^ FO Ht^ tWiiomh' 







ly at 


possibly as she was running 
for shelter. 

“It must be presumed all 
five men have drowned. The 
search for survivors was inten- 
sive but has now been called 

Tbe trawler had been owned 
by the Fleetwood seafood 
comiiany for five years. 

It had been operating out of 
the pon since January but for 
most of the year fished out of 
Newlyn in Comwail.AU five 
crew members were from foe 
south-west of En^and. 

Last night Mr Peter 
Merrick, a director of the 
seafood company, said: “It 
had been the crew’s intention 
to land their catch at Fleet- 
wood this weekend and then 
go home to spend Easter with 
their femilies. This is just 

Tbe trawler went down in 
conditions described by local 
coastguards as atrocious. 

Winds were gusiing up to 
100 mph creating mountain- 
ous seas. Visibility was severe- 
ly hampered by driving rain 
and hail and foe conditions 
aflected the search. 

The coxwain of one of the 
lifeboats involved told coast- 
guards that he had experi- 
enced difficulty even seeing 
other vessels involved in the 
operation because of the 
height of the seas. 

Throughout foe day gales 
gusting up to force 8 battered 
foe search area. 

• Off the west coast of Scot- 
land. hurricane winds caused 

Continued on page 2, col 6 

•n. at 
:en to 
a dts- 

ck of 







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By Stewart Tendler 
Cline Reporter 
Scotland Yard plans lo have 
16 «fMwg of specially-trained 
senior offioen available across 
London by eaily summer to 
cope with the strategy and 
tactics of effective riot 

The trainii^ is taking place 
in . one-week residential 
courses at the Metropolitan 
Police's public order training 
centre near Heathrow Airport, 
and by the time the current 
series of courses is completed 
in June, 80 ofBcers will have 
eraduaied. They range in rank 

(JUege at Bramshill, Hamp- ^ j^osc control rooms, 

^ fined with detailed maps of 

oiS hdd at the coU^ special radio 

riS Sktheteams^dman. 

not officers arc spending a day of age the minut^minute de- 
their one-week course at -f . -oH the 

S rposi^n-orM. ““ 

jtan part in their rrwnmaTwi. At Houndow the cot 

The Bramshill courses are teach offioera how to use their 
reported to have placed Besh resourm and tra inw i man- 

emphasis on ways of reducing power in handbosa riot They 
tension before disorder by pjayoutatabie-iopoperai- 
ndno iftftai intermediaries and don linked to a small comput- 

- A • __ 

consultative groups. Senior er, as wdl as lea rn i ng 

chief inspector to chief offi^ are also being taught 


greater use of tension indica- 

The courses were a result of tors that might give clues to police have. Hie i^tre can 
the Brixton and Tottenham erupting disorder. provide demonstratioiis in the 

riots l^y^, which disclosed l%e new courses for middle use of plastic bullets ai^ CS 
new policing troubles. After and senior ranks in London gas as well as the la adliig of 
the Tott^am riot senior are intooded to provide each junior officers facing oowds. 
officers were criddzed by of the eight police areas, into Apart fixim the senm offi- 
junior ranks about the way the which the Metropolitan Pi^ce cers the centre , w4iidi has 

riot was handled. is divided, with two teas 

Last year's riots have also five officers, ready to 
led to a new evaluanon of command of a riot crisis, 
national training courses for In such situations they 
officers at the rank of com- would move into control 
mander, deputy assistant rooms, which have been kitted 

which the Metropolitan P(^ce cers the centre , w4iidi has 
is divided, with two leams of recently opened a full-scale 
five officers, ready to lake mbekup of a street la^t for 

Libyan killer of 
WPC ‘hanged’ 

The gunman who killed to keep watch on four exiles to 
Wrc Yvonne Fletcher out- be kidnapped and knew that 

side the Libyan embassy in the policewoman’s killer was 
April 1984 was hanged as soon hailed in Libya as a 
as he returned to Libya, the ‘*hero''.Gill denied the allega- 
Central Criminal Court he^ lions. He also denied foat a 
yesterday. grocer's shop in Doncaster 

Anthony Gill, aged SO, a bad been us^ as a cover for 
businessman, had been asked weapon training and keeping' 
if the killer had been treated as surveillance on Libyan exiles, 
a hero. He agreed that the "grocer^. 

Gill, who has agreed he Mohammed Abassi, had been 
woriced for the Libyan r^me, fiecd from jail in Faldstan asa 
sai& "1 was told that when he result of a hijack but did not 
landed he was taken out and think he was a "te rrori st”, 
hanged.'" Mr Leary was stopped 

Gill of Famfield Road. Judge Michael UadertuU, QC, 
Great Tey. Colchester, has when he si^gested that Mr 
pleaded guilty to smu^ing Abassi had arranged for Mr 
another Libyu. Mohammed Arthur Scaigill, the miners' 
ShebIL to Tripoli by private leader, and others to visit 
plane. Shebli was awaiting Libya, 
trial OD drugs charges at a Miss Ann Murph)r, ag^ 24, 
crown court Shebli's girlfriend m Britain, 

Gill was giving evidence said she had no idea he was 
agaifKT Godfrey Shiner, aged leaving the country and was so 

48, of Knapi6n-on-the-HilL 
Warwickshire, who denies 
conspiracy to pepert justice 
by assisting Shebli to escape to 
Tripoli He is alleg^ lo have 
financed the operation. 

Mr Brian Le^, QC for the 
defence, si^gested that Gill 
bad taken "blood mon^” 
from the Libyans for helpii% 

worried that she lelepboned 
the police when she toou^t 
him to be "missing". 

She said that she received a 
I^one call from Shebli later 
telling her she would receive a 
visit from a man who would 
explain his disappearwee, 
and as a result she met Gill 

The trial continues today. 




(8.25am every morning). 

They also announce the service of a hot breakfast. 


HmMl)«EDmiLsriWrArT>-C>l RUK AI7R.A\-ElA<if'.\Tt»BRI\<. \1R(.A\^[)ADIREf.T.4IR(:ANAnA t^«M■nREfiFVr 
>TREtT 2<.«. \UM HE>TT.R IK.I XIII BIRMIViMAM Ml fru OWP (.LWrt>Vl INI ?.** 1^11 

^ j . • •. ;••••» ^ • 


Police have plans for 
16 senior teams to deal 
with riots by summer 

commissioner and assistant out in a number of key 
chief constable, which are London stations during the 
taking place at the Police Staff past few years. 

At Hounriow the courses 

the use of the specialist riot 
weapons which the London 
police have. The centre can 
provide demonstratioiis in the 
use of plastic bullets and CS 
gas as well as the handling of 

realistic exercises, trains the 
5,000 London officers vho 
provide manpower for inflam- 
mable public order breades. 

MEPs join 

nwn Richard Owen 

The Socialist Group of the 
European Pailiament yester- 
day supponed a call py die 
Labour Group of MEPs for a 
boycott of reporters from 
News International ' 
new^pers. i 

A statement fiiom the group 
of 172 Sodatist MEPS said 
that the group was joining a 
ban by the Briti^ Labw 
Party on News International 
reposiers, and Mr Alf Lomasy 
leader of the Labour Group at 
Strasbourg, said he wanted 
Parliament to foDow suit 

"Hie Times and TheSiouUof 
Times both have oorr^on- 
dents covering EEC amurs, 
and TTie Sim newspaper also 
has several part-time 

Mr Lomas, «4io rqwesents 
London Norfo-East, said that 
the Wapping dispute was "the 
most important industrial dis- 
pute since the miners' strike”. 
He was writing to all 5 1 8 Euro 
urging them to back the 
Socialist b^ 

Mr Lomas said that em- 
ployers such as Mr Rupert 
Muidoch "must be shown that 
they cannot bdtave in this 
outr^eous way”." 

• Seven men an)eaied at 
Thames Ma&strates' Court 
yesterday on charges arising 
from demonstrations outside 
the News Internatiorud plant 
in Wapping, east London. 

Rich^ Murphy, aged 21, a 
Civil Servant, of CossaJl 
Walk, Peckfaam, south Lon- 
don, was fined £50 after being 
found guilty of obstructing the 
highway on Februan 1. 

Anthony Attwood, a^ 30, 
a printer, of WasbingUMi 
Ro^ Worcester Paric, south 
London, elected trial charged 
with assaulting a police offi- 
cer. One man was remanded 
and four others were bound 

for cars 

Hto Pe paitmei g 

pmt jutBousced yestentay dttt 
the D car prefix 

$riiicb win be tnffodiiniirt in 
August Otis year it b 

hoped, SOUK 360^000 on in 
daf iBCKidi akuie) willcottii^ 

Be to api^ t o 1 ^ - vetdde 
leeistxatuffls onril October 

ft iu c e s b Anae sarroanded by local ddUren when she visited the Westway gyp^ site in west iMdonyestndsy. 

Princess praises engagement 

Princess Anne naM yesterday 
she riiOBglit her brother Prince 
Andrew was ^^an extremely todey. 

y imiig man.” 

She was ristting a gypsy site in 
west London as president of the 
Save the ChOdren Fund when 
reporters sought her views on 
Pidmce Andrew's ei^i^enient to 
Miss Sarah Feignson. 

“He is an extremely locky 

young man, ” she said.*^ hCss 
Feignson is a lovely, very beanti- 

Princess Anne spent an hoar 
talking to 20 gypsy fiunilles, who 
have made their home on die 
GQvmdl'backed ^ot, nodemeadi 
the Westway flyover at Latymer 
Road, Hammersmith. 

Save the Children has ran a 
playgroup diere since 1981 and 

durhig the visit many of the imR'S 

The dhange is i n trade d to 
smooth out die iaconvenieBt 
pede of demand Much the 
existiug system oo ns iBied to 
bring about hi Aagad, just 
whBB motor dealos wen most 
like to ahaodon the show^ 

In i963wiiei{.ibesysia&of 
a letier eode'tot^ die dale of 
■vehides* first legfstatiBB wns 
introduced, ii sterted vriib 
undeniable logfo'oa Janomy 1. 
Thai artaiigement did not suit 
She motM' trade eitbn Thqr 
soon coimdahied meant 
that their best srilhig lime 
/■fcxfcwft with Christmas od 
die worst weather. ' 
SoiBl967the G ov eram ent 
agreed to move die diai^e- 
overdaie to August 
Laneriy, - although, the 
S hort qwBMgs of August have 
ben increaungly evident. In 
1981, 16.5 pv cent of aH new 

yomi^ters- boraharded the ■?!»--{ cats were registered io Angusi. 

cess vrith onestions ki 1982, 194 per cent and Iv 

BTOPtincessAiiiie's&st'risIt 1.983. to Cgto 

wxto local a^nfyoBia^tim ^J^nofncwwSiia- 
to improve the gypsies’ access .to g^in tbefiistmondioftte 
healdi and edneafkm services. ' A-orefix had risen to 
The princess also visited the 
fimd’s sonfhern headgnarters In 

ppop m ti oBofncwcarrqisBa- 
ribas in the fiist mondi of the 
A-Dreflx • had. . risen to 

Thatcher £76m GLC payoff Fulham’s 
urges war blocked by court Missed 

on petrol ByHughChyton 

ByOnrFOfitiealRmiorter ^ Appal judgmt rejecting a claim by. 

' judges yesteixfoy reversed a Conservative-:controiled 
T he Pri me wfonster yester- decision allowing the Greater councils in the West Midlands 
day Ufgra the mdepoident oil Tjondon Co*"*cO to hand out a gainsi spendingTtens by the 
comp^esto eoga^inaprice £76 milfiOD for spending after doomed West Midlands 
war wnh the laiger fiims such its abolition. Mr Kenneth County fjwmrii- 
as^ and BP who have Livii^stone, Lateur leader of The case concerned die 
rejected me Chwtc d l oPs Bud- the council, said that it would transfer of £800, 000, allocated 
get warning gain s t passing on appeal to tte Lords. to Birmingham airport, to a- 

doomed West ~ Midlands 
County CoundL 
The case concerned die 
transfer of £800,000, allocated 
to Birmingham airport, to a 

the 7Jp increase to the The aj^ieal dedsion means 
consumer. ibat the council will spend its 

Meanwhile the ofl compa:- last woridifi week deep in 
nies are to be asked to teD the litigation. The GLC and the 
ail-party Commons select six En^ish metropolitan 
committee on eoeisy^ they county councils are due to 
have put up {uioes since Ihe disaiqiear' natil midni gh t on 
Bud^ The committee h Easter Monday, but they wfl] 

The ai^ieal decision means general spending fimd. The 
that the ootmcil win spend its judges who overtmned the. 
last woridig week deep in GLC deciston said diat the 
litigation. The GLC and the transfer of West Mkfiands 
six English metropolitan money did not on its own 
county councils are due to bavean adverse efiea mi focal' 

disai^ear until midni^t on rat^yers. > 

Easter Monthly, but they wfl] The QLp .wanted to 

tarrying om an mqi^ mto {effectively stop woiidng at the £40 millkm to the Labour- 

relationship between start of the Easter teeak. 

cr^ oil priep and the retail So. if the Loids rule to cation Authority, irii^ 
pc^o^iroL fevour of the GLC afl^ to be aboliriied but faces 

Speafcnig m ^ Commons. Easter, there win be no GLC demands fiw spenffing cuts 


controlled toner London Edn-. 
cation ^ithority,~iriucii is not 

Mrs Maijguet Thatcher raid left to benefit Many of its 
the decision to pot up ]hicc 5 spendinR powers will have 
had already done ^ oU passed to smaller councils, 
companies a great deal of inducing those which won in 
barm. court yesterday. 

The Government has ruled The ruling yesterday revers- 

ptemed teat the qfstem fo- 
voiired foreign importe The 
fonriguers dofflpUoed teat the 
British sysM disrupted their 
proteKtiDn schedule 
- One powerfid iobbymgt^ 
that the system of datmdiiig 
teould be rinndonedentirely, 
but tee po&ce and coasamer 
prottction otganixteioiis were 
sfenmg^-frir itsveteation. 

: The ^istem is abo waimto 

Tbe ChiiseFriitivemri AS- sure teat hprom ^ daw cm 
» sties. And uie O ove nun ent 
byeltcthwyeteBdnyfcitoiwd colIectejimlto fiZ iiiillioa 
tee leml sd by tee kical rnttansfor fees from moionsts 

Throwing Tendency and lokeepteeirT^iDcherisbed 
hurled stmistics ^ tee doani namber tibtes dating btok to 
at their ceawNneMay. ' . pte'datetodmg.dqffi;- 
Bnt Gke tee pievte x^-nn •• 

wi«nanegg^itfj»rf DFP feceives 

arissed and M FeDWtCm TlCaT 

reporters nw by, te ey w qr 

not attogeteer soocesM hi ■ AHnnteeSBfcptifoe report 
hittEKte^infiendedlMiec. on;ted. v]cac who allegedly 
Mfe Matthew Ckniii^o^ 

file OPHsarfa ti v e ebufastent, n .i Bat jaegn mbmitted to the 
andtee ori^ttigeroftee Dnwwr of.ft^ ftoteoi- 

day to In^re potential &Kk- Attorhey .Gcnerti, said in a 
ere « ^teattSrfLahew^ Cominoos wntten yes- 

the GLG had not fuffilled its 
duty to consult the London 



GeoEfr» DidteBS,Coii- 
iye. MP for Uttefoor- 

barm. court yesterday. 

The Government has ruled Therulingyesterdayrevers- 
out punitive action a^inst the e$ a decision ^ hto Justice 
petrol cornices, at least for Maepberson in the High 
the time being. But ministers Court on March 3 that GLC 
are relyi!^ on consumers to for spending worth £76 
inflict their own punishment, million were lawfiU. 
by shopping aro und fo r cheap- The case was'broi^t by 

w petrol and eventnalljr foi^ Conservative <vMinrii«e m Lon- 
ing the ^ companies to ^jon vdiich rfaimeH - -that the 
reduce their laioes. GLC should not be allowed to 

Ministers hope and bdieve awa^itsdfa’Tife after death” 
that the crunch could come by handi^ out money for 
over the Foster wedeend, other bodies to after 
vriien the indqiendents could aboliti<». 

make a killing at tee expense 
of the larger conyianies: 

loses case 

One of seven firemen at 
Rhyl North Wales, who re- 
ftisra to join the 1977 national 
strike, tort a claim for unfair 
dismi^ at a Colwyn Bay 
industrial tribunal yesterday . 

The bearing was told that 
Mr Brian Hodson, aged 38, of 
Mei^ Way, Rlq^ had b^ 
found a job as a countryside 
warden by Qwyd County 
Cotmcil after the dispute 
cause strikers had roused to 
wofk with non-strikers. 

Mr Hodson daimed the 
council unfeiity dismissed 
him because it bad foiled to 
ftilfil its promises and, b|y 
appointing a superior in hu 
department, had btocked his 
promotion prospects. 

However, Mr John Beilis, 
the tribunal chairman, ruled 
that the council had acted 
reasonably in dismissiiig tdni 
because he had become obses- 
sive and awkward 

Mat^erstm m ik to agree that tee oounefi was 

Court OT March 3 teti GIG notnymg to impose its will on 
plans for spending worth £76 thebOToihs. 
miDjonwcrelawfiiL Lord Justice OXforawr^ 

The case was broi^t by ; to a crndal that GLC- 
Conservative councils m Lon- powers to ' finyT 'vohintaiy 
-don vidiich daimed- teat the organizations could not. be 
GLC should not be allowed to extended into the new finan- 
award itsdfa "life after death” dal year. Tto did not mean 
by handing out- money for ways nf ff^tanriing tiMwi «>nid 
other bodies to qiend after not have been devised, but the 
abolititHL fimnework in yesterday’s case 

But tile Court of Appeal did not meet the necessary 
yesterday uphdd a High CcHiit criteria. 

"wad” sDenfinu nhuB. leiat^. 

tee GLG-had not fuffilled ite - r* nfied on-C aewsMnre = ' Mr GeoEfrw Didtens.. Con- 
duty to consult the Lpnto cattmclntiifiddiBnadtimlre stsvsdye. MP for UtOdKir- 
borougto that wo^ ml^ Bhn Cafi Saddfewortfa, who 

i^y of Its qiendu* powm Sed«i*wtotee'IV«asniT*fliait snpitecdthciiaraeofthevicar 

:!!SS! SSSw madeSsSwate p Sir htoteae! iJm wk, 
Faiker said rt was impasmle <gMujj|Hr fi^iinMiihw#>iii» which hopes the Crown will take cm 
to agrw that tiie oonnefl ^ wwldStanexfia£24baiiMi the ease. A private prptocu- 

ayter. tion is beiiig mounted. 

. After behu gently itetondcd 4 .^ t „ 

teat Mr^foy Haftecsiqr* (JOllf t tO 
Shadow ChaBfftnnr, hadpeint * 

SeacWtolbctrasiayt&iit fappheatbeuajoe 
Laboiirhadiiiade28sa»nte h} Sir Michael this week, 
^a^cqnmDlmenb^iUte hopes the Crown win take on 
iraaldrostanexta£24baii»n ^ F”^te protocu- 

avter. tion IS being mounted. 

. After behu gently ratonded 4 .^ t „ 

teat Mr^foy Haftecsiqr* (JOllf t tO 
Shadow ChaBfftnor, hadpeint ' ' ''j, ^ 

bgr pitint : lepu&ted the OU vrOVd tOUdV 
minister’s cUim, Mr 

Complaint Five crew 
on butter lost from 
advert trawler 

ByJohn.Yonng Contiimed ftom psge 1 

The Vegetarian Society has problems for teinting, can^ 
complained to the Advertising ling feny and airline services 
Standards Authority about a and damaging buildiii^d^ 
new poster campaign which aid Faux writes). 

Clyde coastguaids at Grees 
more natural than butter”. nock said that during yester 

The society observes that day morntog every rescue 
butter is a highly refined and piece of eqiupment 

product and is teey po s s re sed was to nse. - 

fru. Substances sudi as salt ^Yinds gusted to more .than 

Carrington was asked to be 
specific and point to one 

^ Let me sec iteat I can dfg 
iqi for yon,” he said, giminiy 
tibe papere hi fiont <ff hiBL He: 
dig up . nothing. 

Hariig raised tee isnm of 
pnbllc iexpeaditnre, be ins 
asked the cost to tee Exdi^ 
qnreofhavnm tome Ami titeee 

Judgement win .be given 
today to High' Goort prpceed- 
togs to mike out an action by 
the Spffltitii goveniment to 
provent Gb^^s masterpieoe, 
"La -Marigpra de Samta 
Graaf, lieuig .aqctiooed at 
Christies next mctotiL ' 
The; patotii^ has been sent 
for sale by Lord ^Mtobome’s 

may be added. 

Mort cal\^ are p^uced 

lOOmidi into the hi gh^ 
reaches of tile Beaufort scale. 
In the Cairngomis a gust of 

by artificial iMiiiatiom an- 153 mph^lSSSS.' 
oteerunnatural process. Mod- ^ 
em livestock methods use A Danitii vessel with a crew 

drugs and hormones seven was to danger of 
extensively. bemg blown . ashore on to 

Yields aie raainteined by “ '^”9^ 

the use of concentrate fe^ far 
removed from natural grazing 

The coastguards said .the 

pasture . The ad\'ertisements, ship was 3(X) yards offohbre 
therefore, vaunt butter men- with a damaged rudder and 
dacioutiy as "namraT and hanging by one anchor. 

should be withdrawn, it says. 

Forecast; page 16 

qnerQfhavBreBereamnfhiee m 1983. The Danish govem- 
miHion peo^e ont of work, "f jhat the Goya 

dojuthaveafigareftraat,” was taken out bfSpato oh folse 
he said. dooiments. 

Mr Soger Ijddlf, tiie.SDP. nr**^i j . i 

gaiMate ftoo has .appeand 11131 StOPP6d 

sorprisii^y anxiotfaid .iier^ il * 

Tons to date; fored aligfatly DY iHtellCSS' 
better, .hot net ante, as he' 
attteiqitod fo teow find focal- 

rrtrewo^ 80 tinoed the }™y™“faaigBdttej^ma 

roof if Labcmr gained centnd SSS iSSiS*5S 
nf Hammersmith and Cnmnti .Cwnt . becaoto de- 

Cbmidl to the.May efoctidns; OQUiise| was 10 minutes 

-Mr Nkk Seynsfoti, . flie Thejiny left mntteriiK ao- 
Ltiibar man, teateed aside grily-<wsa^"Wbatawarte 
teecritici»s,71ieamstenen-. cf.pnblic money just becnise 
cy piMiie .ooiteitoed. no of 10jtiiiiutes.”71iecase will 
iriedges, costed «r oteeniise^ be heard anotto day .before a 
which would be Undii^ on a (fifierent jury. . 
firtnre Laboar-ran ooandL ' 

With a week of tee bf: PflCdUBkcr 
election cempa^ ofcr, Mr . a . . 

Raynsfiwd. tvpears to have tee. 
lettettfawtoao'. . 

... .. Mr John Evans, teed 108, a 

Gotei^ tieetiod; ML: Stercas former miner who is teitato’s 

‘trftiest man: was "dtnna fine” 

13415; D-Rendel (t/AlQ 
Miss J. Giimes-(Eoo) 277: S; 

Pearce ^IF) J. Stete 

(todX) 102. C naierity ^789. 


Fine view of Bay of Naples fetches £33,000 

. M.. .... ........ .7 . 

By GreaUtoe Norman 
Sale Room CoTFesptmdeM 

A view of the Bav of Naples 
in about 1795 sold frir £33,000 

Their sale of Continental pieces included a 16 mch silver 
Bfflo? ^ of tirinktog horn at £4,070 (esti- 

£11,083 with 21 per cent Ic^ 

(estimate fl0,00C« 15,000) to . Sote^s the moramg 
Partridge an nineteenth centurv 


Bonham's is more ^ ^ stfffenng 

than 8ft wide and packed with ® shortage of Continental 

accurate uwograiteicatdes^ • prices were less 

The artist presumably made than usual Both tee 

his preparatory sketch^ from J*™™^** tee silver sec- 
a boat looking back to tee ®®®t unsold, 

shore, for among the boats in . An i vory statue of a fisher- 
tbe foreground of tee picture man and his girl seai^ on 
is one wite an artist sk^htog, silver tree stumps beside a 
accompanied by his fiirads. rockery^ pool, shaded by a 
Bonham's attributed the silver tree with agate berri^ 

I'.lllll- PiMTn Antnnian! maita rha tM* mmm 

Schmidt with five semtiiy - 


The ceramics section was silver seettoo. One ‘-bf -'the 
not as buoyant as usual.with ' ftunous "’pieoea-iof ei^^, a 
some - difficulty in' 'seltoig . Mexican HiiltoV eight letito 
Sdvres - style vases. Only the .' -coin of 1733 secteed £8;800 
top - quality samples .sold ...(estimate £2,000'£34XX))'£roiiL 
wdla pw of 1^ todi ceiche- A H Baldwin, the 
potSt with good_dt4)roiize 'dealer. : 

maifttOOO^OOK ItisoneofthenreTiillat*- 

The Be^ plaques were the; rates tee pillars, of Htecute 

Mr John Evans, 108. a 
former miner who is teitato’s 
-tfldest n>^; was "dcniQ fiwe ” 
to hbroiitf ye ster da y: after 
being' "fitted with a beiut 
pacemaker. . 

Mr -Evmis, cf FfoiesCtete, 
.Swahste, bad tile oaeaudte- 
Jibisr operation tmder 
locaT anaesthetic -at the Uni- 
versity- Hospital of Wales to 


Three peo^ todtkdtog an 
pwoeman, were to- 
jitted-to agfo^ex^oabn which 
extensively damaged a bouse 
in l^mlioc^ Lcmdon, last ni^L 









^ f 

‘ ■'• ■■'i.V; 

»f» ■ 

** • !• 

V .. ■• 

• *> 
'f% * 

advrce, reports says 


*fi8hjrtrdrt diemists should 

.' . dkn wirifip 

•■' ■ ®®®pDCS and more for 
. viding advice and other ser- 
. / vic^ to patients and doctors, 
V.,. ®" “qwiry into the future of 
f . phannacy recommended 
yesterday. • 

Under the present astern of 
.. payment **advioe brnigs the 
‘ ' chemist no letnm; the sale of 
,:.;tnefidne does;”,, the report by 
^ ^.independent cominittee of 
. TOquiw reii^ by the NpfBeld 
roipidatipn says. Chemists 
are' **|]ja c ed' under continiial 
'^’'pressure'hy adverdsements to 
particular medBcin^ not 
. becaore diey -would best m eet 
.;;.thfr patient's needs bat bo^ 
cause they cany, a hi gh«r 
■“! maiziQ of profit”. 

::•? V 

i ? 

• -s. 

f ( ^ 

• ■ ■‘S' 


' a 


. f ■ • ’ ■ 
’ JV'J' 


. 1’ •?.«■ 

i . 

u or 

_ ^ TOy in ^rtneh 'payment 
. n>r heuth service dispensing 

'Wiotks encoiir^^ smaller 
' plteimanestoppenasll^are 
paid mme than hnw ones for 
prescription dispensed. It 
also encoura^.a seard) fi>r 
new dispensuig bosiness, at 
tbe .expmise of time spent 
working whh doctors to' re- 

duce prescribing levels and 

costs, while improving 

■ less cMDittg 

thxDU^' diqien^nfr ctemists 
diould be- paid extra for 
coUabotating with^ 

tors to diaw up locally agreed 

- presdibuig -policies- and in 
proWding advice about -side 
OTectS'OT' potential d angerous 
interaptions between drags. 

Then shonld be extra pay- 
. ments for advice to -^piMic, 

' wUt an area m ea^ pharmacy 
in tdiicb to provide advice on 


tiiinor ailments, on 
medicines and bealt 

Bderiy patients and the 
chFOnically sick should be 
encour^Sed to roister with 
one phannacy wbae a reo(»d 
of - ^ the patienfs drags, 
including m^cines bou^t 
•over the counter, could be 

serious symptoms 

« *--ter at giving advlro to tte 
piiUic^ biitoiieinfonr.iiiledfo 
-- -teD patients to see a doctor 
:;,imnrediafely- wben toU of 
synptoiitt that ooaU have 

- bm of-serioas inneag, 
aiccordii^ to a survey by the 

•« CoDsumers' Assodation. 

The survey, submitted to the 
' Nnffidd ^niryi ^odoeed 
' ' better results duu a rfmiiar 
survey ia 1975, the 
. •'Consuiuets* Assodadou said. 
4 ''But it showed that, not all 
' • chemiste were fdhnring iAe 

- Pharmaceutical Society's 
' gohlance on qaesdans Aat 

shonld be a^ed. . 

More than 200 ghi«ni«t« 
*;;weie pFesentied widi minor 

- symptoms and potentially se- 
''lioiis ones by the interviewers. 
-But jast under half tte plun^. 

when foctf . 

symptoms that could be scri* 
ous foiled to ask appropriate 
qnestioBS. Of foe ibm out of 
five who sold' a medknie^ two 
foirds-foOed to -dmek ST nay 
other mefidne • was hehm 
-taken. . ' 

On the potentially serious 
sytnptoms, vfoidi indaded 
ibeadfol. headaches lastfog a 
we^ smioas indigeriioa liutt- 
ing .a month, and diarriioea 
laatii^ ttree days, one in four 
chemists sidd die patient must 
see n doctor, one in fom esve 
ho. saA advice and foe others 
.meUdoned it^ atthoi^ gen er- 
aUy sngesdiig that shonld be 
done if^mptoms persisted. 

Medidnes wme sdd on aO 
.visits bat some oost several 
times as mnch as in eqnsUy 
cffectivealteraadv^ scowding 
to - • - the CoDsnmer^ 
Aasedadoa.' . 

lacisfs should be paid 
to -vist some patients at home; 
the house-bound elderly, p^ 

tieuts dUchatged fiom ho^ 

tal on complicated d^ 
r^mes or those reedving 
complex terminal care. In 
addition they should be paid 
to provide advice to residen- 
tial and nursing homes on safe 

Ihe cominittee says that 
while it cannot cost its propos- 
als in delaO its aim is to 
better lise of existing 
resources-Money spent on 
drag company representatives 
to promote dn^ to doctors 
would be brtier ^tent ailow^ 
local pharmacists to advise 
CPs on prescribing. 

Some drugs at jaesent avail- 
abte only on prescription 
should become available fiom 
, pharmacies without a p^ 
scription. ahhou^ advertis- 
ing them to the public diould 
probably be prohibited. 

- The report aigims that the 
National Health Service is 
fiuling to make full use of 
pharmadsts' high level of 
scientific training. New drugs 
.are more comifi^ more eff^ 
five but potentially more dan- 
gerous if not takM pn^teriy. 

The report also criticizes 
some of the advertising by 
drag companies, arguing that 
the industry G>de of Practice 
is not tough eooi^ 

Ni^eld Report on Phanna- 
cy, (NufSeld Foundation, 
Nuflleid Lodge, Regent's 
Phik, London NWl 4RS, £5). 

time for 
the royal 

^ Phtrkia Ctongh 

The dBtial mags commem- 
ortfiiig die e nga ge m ent of 
Frfoce Andrew and IVCss Sa- 
rd Fergnsoa were streamii^ 
off die. prodactioB line yes^ 
day as Brttaia's moIti-iiiilliMi 
poond royal soovenir industry 
geared op for aootlier 

The megs, in Made, white 
and gold, were designed and 
pm into production by Staf- 
fordshire Potteries within 12 
hours of receiviim (he commis- 
sion at 1 1 am on Wednmday in 
a frantic, high-speed 

The nni^ priced 99p, 
should be in tile shops mi 

Bm foe prize fu’ foe 
drewdest opmatw, howevm, 
must go to Delwett'5 who have 
been seoredy workfog since 
the end of last year on a glossy 
coffee-table, BoA eftke Royal 
fi ng age n wA in a «iiff«igw.«i 
gamble if it hnd foiled, 
could have cost diem more 
than £10,000. 

Mr Bobert Jarman, 
Debrett^ managing director, 
wMdd not say e»ic^ whether 
they had been acting on inade 
informatUm. "All I can say is 
dmt aO foe peoi^ who seem to 
know about tiliese dungs were 
sore this was foe gi^** he said. 

. Debrett's, illio sold 207,000 
copies of a similar book for foe 
Prince of Wales^ wedding 
with a t urno ver of £^ 10 , 0001 , 
are fianticaily pntdng the 
fiidsfuttg touches befwerush- 
iim the material to Italy fm 
qiuck printing. 

With somewhat less haste, 
big pottery companies sndi as 
CMpmt, Wedgwood and Roy- 
al Donlton, are preparing to 
tnrn out mi^ plates and 
other souvenirs fiw foe wed- 
whfch, as Hairods noted 
with dri^t, loob like comii^ 
at foe height of the tourist 

Pitldn, who sold mie million 

The royal migagraent mugs, priced at 99p, rolling off ibe production line at Staffordshire 
Potteries within 24 hours of the oflBcial announcement, for sale from Monday. 

copies each of foe official royal 
wMdittg sonvemr book and foe 
royal wedding programme, are 
rorking on asnmber of pnbli- 
fwrinitg jpri"ding ooe which 
wOl come ont as soon as the 
date and place of the weddii^ 
and the coupled fiitnre home is 

There was a littie ancertain- 
ty about foe extent of foe 
souvenir marlcgt for this wed- 
ding; a jnnior prince is not foe 
same as dm heir to the throne 

bnt Prince Andrew's public 
imagp and the attractiveness 
of his bride look like makii^ it 
an extremely popolar event, 
insiders say. 

"1 think we wOl be surprised 
by foe level of interest; maybe 
foe last wedding has whetted 
people's appethes,” one man- 
direct said. 

Bat Mr John May, a Ken- 
su^on antiqne dealer, warned 
buyers against the idea that 
royal engagement or weddh^ 

souvenirs were an investmenL 

It is not so moch the person 
commemimmited that counts 
as the actnal gnantity of what 
was product "It is scarcity 
that dictates valne,” he said. 

But Mrs Rita Sm^e, who 
has a shop, Britannia, selling 
more modm conunemorative 
items near Bond Street, did 
not entirely a^yee. "We are 
bojing in £1.25 miqgs from 
Moce Charles' investitare for 

Rally of 
was ‘badly 

By Gavin Bell 

A Girl Guides rally at 
Crystal Palace. London, at 
which 27 girls were taken to 
hospital suffering from hypo- 
ihermia. was badly organic 
and some of its leaders dis- 
playrtl an apparent lack of 
common sense, an inquiry bais 

77ie report of the committee 
of inquiry, chaired by Mr 
Diaries Sparrow, QC, . and 
published yesterday, said that 
no provisions had been- made 
for the adverse weather at the 
rally of 23,000 people last 
April, nobody was identified 
as bring in overall control, 
and there was no centra) 
command structure or com- 
prehensive communications 

The report made several 
recommendations for improv* 
ing the organization of fiilure 
events, notably the designa- 
tion of a controller with the 
power 10 curtail or halt the 

Dr June Paterson-Brown, 
(be Girl Guides chief commis- 
sioner, told a fwess conference 
that the association bad al- 
ready implemented a further 
key recommendation, that 
weatherproof cagoules be 
made part of the official 

Most of the gjris taken to 
ho^iial after temperatures 
dropped to zero and snow 
began falling bad been wearing 
regulation cotton blouses and 

Dr Paterson-Brown said a 
committee bad been appoint- 
ed to draft a brochure laying 
down precise procedures for 
the planning ofmg events that 
would include provisions for 

Mrs Anne Dunford, the 
deputy chief commissioner, 
said the association accepted 
responsibility collectively and 
no individuals had been 

on delays 

JSy Stmlten Goodwin 

-• The Omtnidsmaii, vfoose 
‘ jo'b it is to'root'oul incompe-' 
' 'fence in govenuneot dqwt- 
. -iiieDts, ' was on -foe defensive 
' ’ "yesterday aboutd^^in tiK 
• •'invest^Btida of compbanis 
■ refenedl^MPs: ' ■ ' 

Mr Aritbcmy Banowc^piq^ 

- QC, the Pariiameict^ Cc^ 

‘ misriimer for Administndion, 

took the opportunity of liis 
* annual rep^ to respemd to 
‘.criticism voiced last July by a 
“ - select committee. 

In his report, Mr 
-Barrowclongb admits that an 
''average, throuj^put time of 
"-almost 12-month5 for cases in 
the year to Sep^ber 1985 is 
"drarly nosmsfectoty” and 
says the -time factor needs to 
be brot^ ^wp to about nine 

"Given the nature of die 
' woik, the complexity of many 
-of the and the need fer 

’due ihorou^bmess, anything 
mi^ festtf than this would be 
' "an unmdistic target — unless 
> -stafimgweretobemaeasedto 
~ a levd whidi would be patent- 
ly wasteful of the public 

- purse,” he says. 

The backj^ of new com- 
' Jolainis awaiting screening or 
.^fijrtber information from the 
' ''•MPs concerned was substan- 
"-"tially doWn at 54 on Septem- 
ber 30, 198^ compared with 
1 1 1 the mevKHis year. ; 

Ahog^er. 788 complaiids 
were disposed by the Om- 
budsman duriss the report 
•~yw 177 fiiZI ravestigatiitos 
’ were comi^eted, in 75 of those 
‘the comi&iiit was fbimd to be 
' fully justified, in 80 it was 
''partly justified mid in 22 cases 
no jiislificatioo was founcL 

- Blandford is 
sent for trial 

Lord Blandford, aged 30. 
was committed' for trial to 
Knightdsri^ Crown Court 
on drugs charges yesterday. 
He appeared at West Lon- 

- don Coart accused with others 
; of con^ruing to supply 

- caine in contravention (n the 

. -^Misuse of^ngsAci, .1971 . He 
was aanud om) . with two 
**{fiireties of £5,000 _ and .on 
.•.coodition that be lives at a 
■ dn% clinic in Surrey. 




- A man was reanested y^ 
jast a^ a Caitral 
Crinfoial Coort jury had ae- 
qoitted him of a doable nniider 
aifo a ceroMMiial sword in an 
cmtLmriMi restaaraiiL 
' PbUre saidfoiu Mr Bmnld 
Reader aged"44, was being 
fakin toPortsBonfo to ffiui^ 
sUre "to 1M! dealt' with: by 

Mir ' Readhir, ' a bonder, of 
Corawrilb Dageahain, 
was aeqaitted of the marders 
of Etevid Qmore, aged 36, and 
James Waddinghm. aged 38, 
at the Kakii Restanant in 
Station Road, Borldag, on foe 
nk^ of St Valmitine's Day, 
He was abo deanM of 
assaaltiivdietwonieB. ; 

A year Mr David 
Marew^ aged 43,'-was abd 
deafed « foe killings by a 
Cdotral Criimnal Cemt Jn^. 

Mr Reader denied in 
die restanrant at die'dme trf 
tK f ■ Kiihip t, and nmintained 
he had been fiamed by 
restanrant -baimaa, Mr Rnaa 
WDson, iriio was die diief 
proseendoa witness. 

A peto seardi foiled to 
fiiri foe two iniss^ men, 
alfinw^ h a .ceremonial sword 
was recorered 'from the East 
India Dock. 

wards: are dosing the file 

on dicoe mardeis.*' 

Bail for 

Three London police offi- 
cers were remanded on uncon- 
ditional bail by Bow Street 
m^istrates yesterday, accused 
of assauh and cons^ring to 
pervert the course- ofjustice 

Police constables Michael 
Wearing, aged 27, of Vinti 
Hous^ Beet Street, and Vic- 
tor. w;eeke$, ^ed 24; and 
Albert Swanston, aged 26^ 
both of Kennington Lane, 
Kennii^on, are charged with 
assaulting Mr Paul Lally, caus- 
ing actual bodily hann, out- 
ri^ the Barley Mow puUic 
house in Hoiseferry Road, 

Tbe^ are also accused of 
conspiring to pervert the 
course of justice by felsdy 
accusing Mr Lally of using 
threatening behaviour and 
felsely ammng his brother, 
^ymond Lally, of ob- 
structing the police. 

- Mr. Anthony Morse, a com- 
pany director, of Horsefeny 
Ro^ was also charged whh 
assaulting Mr Lally. All were 
lemaoded uatil 1 7. 

• Bow Street mapstrates yes- 
terday remanded Police Con- 
stable Wayne Marshall aged 
25, of West Hampst^ police 
station, oi^unconditioaal baD 
until Ai^ 17 accused of 
robbery and assault on Mr 
Thomas McDonagh, ^ed 44, 
in Hollaitd Park, west Lon- 
don, in Novembm last year. 

Doctor named by MP 
declares iimocence 

By Stewart Tendler 

The Essex doctor named 1^ 
an MP last wedt as the rapist 
ofa girl aged eight, yesterday 
dair^ tfmt- he was iimocent 
and that he had been pilloried. 

Tbe doctor was named in a 
Commons written question by 
Mr Geof^ Dickens , Con- 
servative MP for 
Linleborougfa and 

Sa^eworth, who said the 
doctor bad been question^ by 
the police, bnt that the Direc- 
tor of ■ Ihiblic Prosecutions 
d^ded there was insuffident 
evidence to prosecute. 

Vestenlay, in a statement 
issued by a Sonthend firm of 
solichon, the doctor, n4io is 
fedng a private proseention 
fi n ai K^ ^ The Sun newspa- 
per, said: "I am completely 

. innocent of tbe allegation that 
. 1 commit!^ an act of rape. No 
changes have been Imugbt 
against me.” 

The doctor pointed ont that 
no newspaper can publish the 
name of a person accused or 
suqiected of rape until the 
person has been convictecl 
w^out incorriiig penalties. 

llie doctor's statement 
went on: "Mr Geoffiey Dick- 
ens has flouted this principle 
Born his safe positicui in the 
House of Commons.” 

Mr Dictens, criticized by 
inan^ 'MPs' &>r his use of 
wliamentaiy privilege, also 
found his attempt to name a 
Humberside vicar accused of 
abusing diildren blocked by 
the Spea^ 

BA is popular with both sexes 

By Dank Harrist bdnstrial Editor 

Wide dffiereiKes in the 

basiaess tiavellM me h||lH 
, ItebCedfoaMORI^can^ 

OBtfor Thomas Cotdt, the 
'-tiavd agents. 

- BiiaMSsmen, .te «am^ 

are ken about Hofiday Inn 

.hotels, perfai9S tbe sirimmiag 

f^Sktibe dffforeace, 
.ifoOe busiiiesswomen fonw 
TrnrthoHse Forte. 

~ BnCbofo prefer BridsltAir- 

as the airfiBe ftr trips to 

: Europe, ahhw^ 

■ wnmen compfoM “ 

i.-aeoaral, .air hostesses w ye 
S^cd to j|ve letter sendee 

BA w Gnt deice for 37 

pa cent of tnvellas poDed, 
whOe 10 per'eent pimeired 
Swissair, 8 per cent Lnffoaiisa 
a^ 7 ^-cent Brhid Caledo- 
■wrt- Main focteis in those, 
^jioices wen service and foe 
rdfaitdlity of flight sebedides. 

MORI found that women, 
net mwxpectedty, would Emh- 
.er-havonn iroa jpovided inn 
hotel bedroom than n tronser 

press'. Woind disliked being 

tea Udden emner m a 
restanrant; ndher did they 
Me* beiv offered an exbenie- 

. WoBiett are jDOie bndget. 
eonsdoBs. TravdlinE to Ea- 
rope 44 per cent h nonea 
opted to fly economy class, 
compared 27 pa.cent of 

men. Easiness dass was the 
choice of 59 per cent of men 
bnt only 43 per cent of women. 
First dass air travel attracted 
4 pm cent of men bat only 2 
pa tent of tromen. 

Amw^ betels, Hdiday Inn 
was fovoured by 17 par cent of 
men and 4 per nnC tf women, 
while Sheraton was popular 
with 11 per cot of OKU and 12 
per cent of women. Rather 
more women, 13 per cent, 
preferred Trnsfoonse Forte 
hotels these attract- 

ed only 5 per cent of men. 

WoBwn rely more on travel 
^ents to find diem a good 
hold, some 48 per ceat com- 
pared with 26 per cent of men. 

What to 

When he was editor of The 
Spectator, he was the sharpest 
critic of the powerful. 

Now that he is Chancellor of 
the Exchequer, Nigel Lawson 
faces the critics himself 

And who better for the task 
than the Spectator team: 

Ferdinand Mount, former 
head of Mrs Thatcher’s policy 
unit, Jock Bruce-Gardyne, 
ex-Ex:onomic Secretary to the 
Treasury, and Christopher 
Fildes, our City columnist? 

WiU tax cuts produce jobs? 

Win “popular capitalism” 
be popular enough to win the 

What are the Chancellor’s 
true intentions? 

Read Mr Lawson’s mind 
by reading The Spectator this 

Where, of course, ydu’H find 
a lot more than Budget talk. 

Auberon Waugh, for 
example, in an unprecedented 
display of good nature, praises 
Richard Ingrams, departing 
editor of Private Eye: “Of all my 
contemporaries, he is undoubt- 
edly the one who has made 
the greatest mark on his times!’ 

John Mortimer continues 
his Diary. 

Anita Brookner reviews 
John Le Carre’s A Perfect Spy 
and finds it more than perfect. 

Sam White reports from 
post-election France. 

And we come up with the 
best candidate for the new 
head of the British Council: 
the Prince of Wales . 

Put The Spectator in your 
budget this week. 



















« 13 j d&S 6 S&SB ?6 S 3 .JI3 i 

_ 'S 

HOlWrF 7^U/C 


•^-■rf;- a. iyiDr<^1K 




PM wants cheaper 
petrol: companies 
harming themselves 


The Budget < 

in reply 


: -:Mrs Margaret Thatclwr. the 
Prime Minister declared during 
' . question time in the Commons 
. . that Mr Neil KianodLLeader of 
.the Opposition, was premature 
dernanduig a wiadiall tax to 
; 'take from oil companies the 
’'gains the>' m^e from passing on 
ID consumers the Budget in- 
" crease is peiiol prices. 

•>:.< She considered that the 
-V .fannouncement bv ihe major oil 
" "complies that they wouid put 
. . up prices had dose them a grrat 
' '^al of harm already. She 
'' ftought Mr Kinnock was a little 

premature. She supported fully 
. ' What Mr Lawson, the Chan- 
...cellorof the Exchequer, had said 
iin his Budget statement. 

. • . If the major companies did 
-hot hold down pnees, they 
.''.'would stand to lose out to the 
' independents who would cut 
prices. Therefore (she said) they 
. ' will not gain. I think the 
■ '[.announcement that they will put 
./np prices has done them a gi^t 
- 'd^ of harm already. 

Mr Kiiuock. in raising the 
.'j issue, said that the Chancellor 
, ',bad rightly said on Tuesday that 
-‘ with the substantial increase in 
' Oil company margins, there, was 
no ne^ for pump prices lb go 
'-'sap. and indeed that prices 
: j should fan further. 

_ ' . In view of ibe refusal of the 
• ‘major oil companies to follow 
".;thai ihe went on) I hope that she 
' 'will give an undertaking that if 
they do not cut the gallon by the 
^ 12 per cent they could well 
•* afford, she will take away their 
C * gains in a windfall tax on profits, 
tj (Shouts of “Retrospectively”), 

However. Mrs Thatcher 
r -ennside^ that Mr Kinnock 
twis a little premature in making 
.that suggestion. 

Mr Kiimock: .At the rate of £14 
^ 'tnilKon a week extra profit they 
uould make if they do not eui 
Liprices. they will be lauding all 
the wav to the bank. 

; Whv does not use the 
. ' power plainly has instead of 
tloffering only pious sentiment 
' ' hn'd hope in competition which 
will probably not take place? 

Mrs Thatdier I think it will 
take place. Pbople are shrewd 
enou^ to go 10 the indepen- 
dents. I find it amaztrtg that Mr 
Kinnock believes people will go 
to those who onhr petrol at 
higher prices rather than in- 
d^ndents who offer consid- 
erate competition. 

Mr Edward Le^ (^ns- 
terough and Horncastte, C): 
This Budget wxU enaUe the 
British people to get what they 
want rather than what Mr Roy 
Haitersley thinks they ought to 

Mrs Thatcber 1 agree with him 
that is wby wearemafcirtga 
point of reducing personal in- 
come tax. Had we left where it 
was the national insufance sur- 
charge. which was introduced 
and raised by a Labour Govern- 
ment. persona) income tax 
would afready be down to a 2S 
per cent basic rate. 

Chordiill: Refer to 
MofH^ioUes Commisskm 

Dr David Owen. Leader of the 
SDP: In view of the urgent need 
to increase the industrial 
competitiveness of this country. 
«hy did this Government not 
use the money they gave away in 
one penny on the standard rate 
of tax in order to cut national 
insurance contributions by 10 
per cent «4iich would also have 
had a substantially greater iit>- 
pact on unemployment? 

Mrs Thatcher Because having 
already abolished the national 
insurance surcham — and he 
was a member or the Govern- 

tDcnt which put it on in the first 
pl^^we^it right that those 
working in industry should also 
have some incentive. 

i Shan be interested to see 
whether he votes against the 
reduction in tax. 

Mr Winston Chnrchlll 
(Davyhul^ C): Has she noted 
the g^ter alacrity with which 
the oU companies put up their 
prices rather than bring them 
down? If the oil majors persist in 
refuringu) heed the worlds of the 
ChancSor of the Exchequer 
and other ministers, will she 
consider referral to the 
Monopolies Commisriofi? 

Mis Thatdker 1 will pass that 
on to the Secretary of State for 
Trade and liiduspy but 1 think 
we had better wait a little to see 
whether the oil majors are^ng 
10 take the advice oT the 
Chancellor ^tbe Exchequer. 

It was very dearly givea and if 
they do not they will not get as 
much business and tfaeralbfe 
they will get less profits than 
ih^ would oiberwise. 

Mrs Thatdier later rejected an 
appeal by Ms Jo Skhardaso 
(Barking. Lab) for the removal 
of VAT from sanitary products. 

Mr Anthony Favdl (Stockport, 
C): What does she thiidc would 
be the effect on the Treasury of 
hra'ng £5 biilioo of rev enue if 
God forbid, we ever had another 
Labour or Alliance 

Mrs Thsteber It would not be 
long before this country went to 
the IMF again and we must see 
that never nappena 

Mr WjUiaa ManiihDit (Central 
Fife. Labk Does she recall 
before tfae eJeetkm she was 
Ri^ag scathing referenoa 
about the enormous salaries of 
the City slickers? She was also 
referring to the tax paid by the 
low-paid £140 a week nurse. 

As a result of the Budget, the 
City slicker mi over £100,000 
salary is getting more than £30 a 
week back in income tax. but the 
£140 nurse is getting 30 bob, and 
if she lives in nursing accom- 
modation ihreatened with evic- 
tion she will be worse off. 

Calls for relaxation of drinks laws 


, [There were strong argumenis for 
'relaxing iicenring laws in En- 
* ‘gland and. Wales, since Ub- 
'-^oadon of opening hours in 
-‘•'Scoiland.had dispe^ of some 
:-of the fears over what* would ' 
• happen once such a ihihg was 
-.-done. Mr Douglas Hnnajo^the 
Home Secretary, during, 
questions in the Commons. 

He smd he was sympatheUc to 
.rails for a change in the laws in 
[•England and waies but he 
: wanted to be sure the proposals 
stood on fairly firm ground 
before embarking upon them. 
Mr Hurd was replying to Mr 
David Knox (Staffordshire 
Moorlands, Q who bad referred 
to publication on February 4 of 
the rep<nt by the Offto of 
Population Censuses and Sur- 

veys. What representations had 
Mr Hurd received about the 
effect of Scottish licensing laws 
upon drinking patterns north of 
the border? 

Mr Hurd said that since 
publication of the report, he had 
received 1 0 letters from MPs. on 
behalf of constituents, and 23 
from members of zbc public 
about the present openiM hours 
in England and Wales. Twenty- 
five ihoughi.riie hours should be 
relaxed; the remaining ei^t 
were ormos^ to the idea. 

Mr Knox said the repon showed 
beneffts to Scotland from lib- 
eralization. (Conservative 
cheeisk En^and. with its over- 
restrictive licensing laws, would 
benefit siinilarly. When would 
the Government introduce 

blr Hurd said he had not 
finished stud^ng the report 
Mr Anthony Nefaon (Chicle 

ester, O said drinking laws in 
Eng^d and Wales were a 
restraint on trade and r^arded 
as deeply patroniziiig by most 

Mr Hurd said he had a lot of 
sympathy and understood tfae 
feelings of a number of MPs on 
this subject However, there had 
been similar support for tfae 
Auld report on Sunday trading 
and that had not turned out to 
be noo-concroversiaL 
Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge. Q said there 
should be some settlement of 
the Sunday trading controversy 
before Uim was any needless 
upsetting of many more people 
over drinking laws. 

Mr Hurd repeated that he bad a 
lot of sympathy with the case for 
changing tfae Itoensing laws. But 
he hopM the solid ground he 
had mentioned mimi materi- 
alize sooner rather than later. 

MPs right to voice concern 


ih was reasonable that public 
'concern over occasional le- 
siciKy in senlescing by the 
courts should find expression in 
the House. Mr Douglas Mnrd, 
the Home Secretary, indicated 
during question time in the 

The White Paper on Criminal 
Justice set out the various 
options on sentencing, he said. 

He was replying to Mr Jolui 
R 3 rnan (BlyiA Valley. Lab) who 
said seniencing was a matter for 
the judiciary, not for tbe 

Earlier Mr Hurd said the 
Government's prefened'option 
. was for the Court of Appeal's 
guidance to be published under 
■ statutory authority, which it was 

not at present This would help 
' reassure tfae public of the na- 
I tional awareness towards 
^ lenieocy. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
; Opposition spokesman on 
' home affairs, asked what was 

the use of the White Paper 
which dealt substantially with 
semendag when most criminals 
were nor caught 

What instead of the com- 
placent waffle about criminal 
justice, is he going lo do to take 
effective acnou ? 

Mr Hurd reptied (hat Mr Kauf- 
man seemed surprised that a 
White I^peroQ crtmtoal justice 
dealt with criminal justice. 

Mr Richard Hickaet 
(Glanford and Scunthorpe, Q: 
What effeo will tbe Labour 

Park's policy, of undennining 
confidence in the police through 
statements in the House and ^ 
the actions of police coounit- 
icea, have on effective and 
efficieni policing in this country 
and consequently tfae under- 
miiung of tbe poiiob? 

Mr Hurd: That is why ili^ 
make so much ooise about this. 
They know tbey will not be 
taken seriously on this matter 
until they do something about 
the Labour authorities woo have 
been undermining the police. 

Next week’s business 

The main business in the 
House of Commons next week 
will be: 

Monday: Conclusion of Bud- 
get debate. 

Tuesday: Gas Bill, third read- 
ing. Motion for the Easter 

Wednesday: Debate on immi- 
gration rules. 

Britain’s workers 
^bimch of thickies’ 

Britain's workforce is '“a 
bunch of thickies" in terms of 
' ^ills and qualifications, com- 
; pared with competitor coun- 
' tries, according to Mr Bryan 
Nichoisoa. chainnan of tfae 
Manpower Services 
. Commission. 

Mr Nicholson told Notting- 
. ham businessman yesterday 
that a recent survey of 4S 
comparable companies in 
Britain and West Genoany 
had shown dramatic differ- 
; ences in the performance of 
• , managements and factory 

“1^ firms aU produced 
comparable-, simple products 
using similar equipment and 
. -4echnolog>'. and yet productiv- 
ity was an incr^ibie 63 per 
• cent higher in the German 
. firms than in the British 
. ones," he said. 

Mr Niefaobon said the re- 
searcher found that "the Gcr- 
‘mans were better educated 
and trained, and they had the 
-qualifications to prove it" 

He said another surv^ 
carried out for the commis- 
sion. which was published 
yesterday, included interviews 
with 757 naanagei^ of compa- 
nies with fewr than 25 

LeK than 40 per cent of the 
companies had conducted any 
trainmg in the previous year. 

Tbe suidy found a strong 
link between training and 
product development, output 
and profit performance. Of the 
companies surveyed, includ- 
ing those with up to 199 
employ^ 53 per cent of high 
performing companies said 
they bad trained staff in the 
past year, while only 34 per 
cent of medium performers 
and 9 per ant of low i^ons- 
ers had done so. 

Mr Nichoisoa said: "When 
you compare Britain's adult 
worfcforK, from top manage- 
ment down, with those in our 
main competitor countries, 
we emerge as a bunch of 

"Britmn has a very poor 
record of adult training com- 
pared with competfiora like 
japan. Germany and Ameri- 

"There is a clear link be- 
tween success and U‘aining. 
That's why our competitors 
are prepared to invest in their 
workers: because they know it 
pays dividends in terras of 
quality, output profit and 

Your Own Btttioess, page 20 

Thoraday: Easter adjourn- 
ment debates. 

Tfae main business in tbe 
House of Lords will be: 
Monday: Dn% Trafficking Of^ 
fences BilL committee. 
Tues^y: Education Bill, 

Wednesday: Debates on rates 
refonn and on care of tfae 

Crisis may 
push debt 
to £1.1 bn 

By Anthony Bevins 

Political Conespoodent 

The worid debt crisis, aggra- 
vated by the foU in the price of 
oil. is expected to push the 
debts of the Export Ciedits 
Guarantee Department to 
more than £1,100 mfllios 
within 12 months. 

The depanmeot’s cash re- 
serves were exhausted in Feb- 
ruary 1984 and by the end of 
last year it had bttn forced to 
borrow £678.700,000 from the 
Consolidated Fund. 

Supply Estimates published 
by the Treasury this week 
forecast that the department 
was expected to make an 
annual deficit of £310 million 
to tbe end of this month. 

But tbe estimates then said: 
"The provision for 1986/87 is 
60 per cent higher tban tbe 
forecast out-turn for 1985/86 
due to expected further trans- 
fer difficulties . 

Tbe forecast deficit for the 
coming year is put at £494 

A department ^jokesman 
said: "There are some 36 
countries in the debt queue, 
with a continuing ne^ to 
refinance (heir debts." 

Petrol prices 






Mr Darid Waddiagtna, Mm- 
isttr of State, Home Office, 
conplaijwd in Caa anDo as 
*i>a« far too many unsugntioQ 
officcre were haring to sh hi 
offices scribUing rejmes to MPs 
on inuiignitioa cases !"**•■** of 
procesaiog appScatkms for entry 

His remarks daring qneation 
time cune after fee bed to BOdifjr 

his ^wosab to take away the 
right of MPs to nuike 
rewceeiitatioBS to ^ Hone 
i^fioe if ixuaUgradpa officers 
hsd refused n vishor's perntfL 
He ort gi Miiy alleged in the 
rvwMw wm f that 23 MPf had 
abused their posidOB by aUow- 
iug Rlcsal ristari into tbe 
cou n tr y . 

Mr Nidioles Soenws (Crawley. 
C) asked: Is Mr Waddington 
— tfafWMi ifeere arc saffionit 
iaraigrBtiQaoffieen te deal with 
what tt a heavy and difBcnlt case 

Mr Waddingtoii: Mr -Soanies 
has fdi elifii i1 (be proWetn. Tbe 
treoble at die presen t dme, as s 
resah of tbe mnnber of 
lepre s eobdioiis haring rocketed 
ap frM only 1,000 ia 19S2 to 
5.700 in 19^ is that far too 
»Mwy IgiBilgratiM offkeis arc 
sitting ia Mfices scribbfing re- 
plies which 1 have to sign and 
aead to MPa, fasiead of actaally 
pnccssing apfdieatioBS from 
those wbo wish lo obtain a 
9 esdy entnace. 

Mr Max Madden (Bradfoid 
West. Lab): Will the minister 
scrap tbe revised guidelines as 
they mnaia deeply offensive and 
are seen as being deeply ofajee- 
tionabie by many MPa and 
constitseato? WbM is he going 
to apolo^ze for tiie sertous 
aUegatians fae made about MPs 
s b «i Hg the ifflffligratkni laws 
which remain ansabstaiMiated? 
Mr Waddingtom He has had his 
shoot and will bare an oppon^ 
aity to sfaont again wbca then is 
a Mate on this BtaOer. I 
nadmstand it is to be arranged in 
the near fiitnre. 

As a resoh of tbe eoQsahatkm 
exerdse we earned out, 1 am 
satisfied there is wide accep- 
taoce among MPs td the need to 
tightea up on the system of 
MPs' I ' c p r c se ntations. Tbe rest 
of the proposals remain, and in 
oar view wQl be extremely 

Mr Doeglas Hogg 

(GrantbanwC): For most MPs 
the to go to fflinisten is 

impor^t aim tile appropriate 
re^raint In cases of this kind is 

Mr Waddingt^ There has 
never been any intaiCioa to take 
away the r^fat to approach 
mfoistcra. Tom has been a 
fWftJMi amoont of mismider-' 
standiag and soae deliberate 
puscoostractioD of oor proposals 
fry tire OmMsrtioo. 

We set oit to ^ve MPs b new 
Isd^ to go to the ports and 
recerve information 'idreot the 
reasons for a refosal direct from 
toe i n a nk tra tion officers. 

It is nonsense to say there was 
anytoing aacoostitoXional in 
this. At present when an MP 
poto CO a stop toat does not 
interest tire minister one bfL Tbe 
iniiiistrr*s office is no more than 
a channel of eomaumications 
and a plsce wfacre a mes sag e is 
relayed finmi toe office to the 

Mr Jcreoiy Coriryn (Islngtoa 
Nertii. Labk What is an todi rid- 
oal hnaip^ fiuaily sopposed 
to do if tlicir own MP estber has 
views that we so racim tbey 
cannot appraoefa hhn or refuses 
to take up aqr iaimigratioa 

Mr Waddingtoo! He is being 
very unfair to ooUeagucs. 

Mr Niciioias Budgeo (Woirer- 
hamptM South West, Ch While 
it is important that toe proce- 
dore should be lair and effideot, 
toe interest of tbe coooby is 
orerwhelittiagty toat bumigra- 
lion amtrto sboold be firm and 
in particular that oiarriige 
sboidd not be used in geaermi as 
a areans of entering tois country, 
Mr Waddiagtw I agree. In the 
revised guidriines mere is an 
added bccane K be- 

came abondandy plafai from (fae 
consohations that a Urge num- 
ber of Mft wanted a spedSc 
mentioaof the problem whkb b 
caused as a resait of people 
oomiag to this ceoalry tonogh 
icmponiy admissioa ond tiies 
getting married. 


The presCRi geneniion of work- 
ing toeed the hesL eco 
nomk outlook fifetime, 

with high growth, low inflation, 
tolling oU prices and exdiantt 
rales wluch were state at tevris 
that eoabietf the country to be 
competitive, Mr Kenneth 
Clarke, P^rnasler General and 
chief Commons sptecanaii on 
empfoymenl, said %riien tbe 
debate on tbe Budget was 

The Ota&oenor of the Ex- 
chequer (Mr Nigel Lawson) had 
created the conditions for jobs. 
When people flrsr reacted to a 
Budget, tote account of the 

feettd thor lives most immedi- 
ateiy. It would take more time to 
appreciate the ctanpiete extent 
m tbe Budgefs ein)rioyment 
measures... (Labour 
iaughter)^which were extensive 
and Bmbition& 

The piinapai complaint of 
the Opposition parties was that 
the Government's job creation 
measures did not cost the 
taxpayer enough. The connec- 
tioD in tbe rival parties' propo- 
sitions betwee n tbe and 
jobs was highly-debatate <La- 
bour protests). 

All the tdiCTies the Govern- 
meot was expanefing compared 
extremely tovourably with rival 
proiMsitions u terms of cost- 
per-jolx The Governiaem's 
measuies were con effective and 

Tbe Gorenimest had carried 
oat a survey into the views of 
young peote oo the Youth 
Training Scheme more than a 
million of whom had taken pan 
ance 1983. 

This showed tiot 80 per cent 
thought tbe training worthwhile 
and two-thirds of the trainees 
got jtes straight away, moved 
onto fimher edneation or to 
some other form of training. 

For tbe O|3ppsition to reiCT to 
it as a sltivt^ng scheme or as 
slave labour was damaging to 
tfae interests of tire more gumte 
young people. That type of 
comment would make some 
suspicious of the scheme, 
them off jooung and result in 
ih»m mivwttg out Ott an 
oppMtuniiy to improve their 

Of eoraplaints tim the finan- 
cial burden of the second year of 
tbe schew was borne by local 
authorities, fae said the authori- 
ties tint claimed they were 
getting into the most difficulties 
were titose which had conceded 

lowe^patd job to started 

^nce the GovernmeDt em- 
bailnd on its pUoi -schemte 
while unemployineiil toil ito- 
tionally in January by only 0.1 
per cent, in tbe TC'Stan trial 
areas it Ml by l.l perceiii.What 
the Govonmeni bad seen so fii 
had ^ven it the confidence to go 

Anything in z socialist pro- 
gramme w ' to cost a toige 
amonnt of taxpaveis' money 
and even -tiie .<^venunexit% 
more moderaie critics-tended to 
taMr abi^ bQfioas'of poonds of ' 
pu^' spending to give more 
creditnfi^ to tfaeir proposals 
when they discussed 

The Government was already 

amounts on the in&asinictiiro 
He had ^yed a son in (totoring 
the tnmk road and boqira. 
building propumnaes wmkdi 
bad both been sayraed by the 
Govenunent's prede- 


In txanqxwt and health, the 
Governarent roent money when 
it needte to. its prOblero was 
often one of delays to prcgecis 
^i*"*** by pubBc inquiries and 
bureaucracy rather tban 
unwillingness to roend money 
to meet real ne^ 

The problem was that raodern 
construction metoods were cap- 
ital-inteaisive and not Uboux^ 

The Allianee's propoeed jobs 
expansion would lead to people 
g^nntmg fatnp poStS. 

Labour s u pponet s we re go^ 
around tbe onuntry showering 
promises like conlelai. but now 
apparently Mr HaSetteywonld 
say ‘'No" to all tirese proposals. 
Mr Hattenky bad now said the 
Labour Patty's proposals would 
cost between £o and £7 binioo, 
instead of £24 ItiUioa. 

Half of what Mr Hatienley 
described as tbe drive to creato 
jobs was simply the additiou of 

to pressure from Na^ to top up 
the allowance payable to YTS 

-Ttot was a seif- imposed 
burden' gfaoflg" by (he local 
auihocities and the Government 
could -not provide hmds lo 
cover that. Whhin two years 
local authorities, tbe pnvate 
sector and vcduntaiy bodies 
wmild rqaid it as a wholly 
desirable and permanent addi- 
tion to the piqiaition for work 
of young people^ 

Of tbe tom^ tenn un- 
employed, be said H was the 
Government's dun^ to prevent 
them toning out of tbe world of 
wpridivpe^te. After a year out 
of work, despair and degioD- 
descy set in and employeis were 
rductast to take on peotewith 
no lecent lecod of woik. ■ 

This was a problem emeiging 
generte^ tfarougbout tire Enro- 
pan Coinmuniv- Tbe Govern- 
ment had tberefore deliberatdy 
chosen to give priority to tbe L3 

of work over a year. These 
people most not be left out of 
tbe better job market that 
economic lecovezy uv now 

Ev er yon e of these kmg-tenn 
uneoipipyed would be invited to 
a discussion with an advisor in a 
job centre iriio would consider 
their personai situation and the 

That was a revolution in 
spproM to tbe proMero and to 
cope with tbe enormous amount 
of ecira work the GovenmreDt 
was lecnutiiK 2,000 extra siaffi 
■D inu’emc of 25 per cent, in the 

The new re-start courses 
would beto p^le to brush up 
their job-Snoing skills. A £30 a . 
week job sun allowance was 
being made availate nationally 
to provide a direct fuiaaeiu 
incentive for ibe longtonn un- 
employed ireraoa to renira to 
work even if be had to take a 

Prescott: No johs ia any 
of toese pnqiasals 

tbe recent Se l ect Comrmiiee's 
report on empfoynient mesH 
sures. The gititf cost of the' 
imort's propo sa ls was mlastftt 
billioii and Mb' Hanosley had 
aitoiked toe cumi ui tie e' is r eport 
becanse be was despenta^ short . 
of proposals of brt own. 

Mr John l Yescatt, - chief 
Opposition spofcesnras on 
employiirent, said tbe Labour 
iWty vnoted jabs from whop- 
ever tbey could « toem. It bad 
no ufotexpcsl tesession about 
whether . they came from the 
^vaie or pnUic sector. It ii^ 
supported local authorities - 
which bad done a great deal in 
producing jobs' by putting both 
prrvaie .and public money 
together. ; 

He agreed it was not good 
enough to use a slogu about 
creating one milCoa jote and 
hope people beCeved it He 

had an obfigation to ^ell out 
where tii^ would came from 
aod tbe consequeoces in terms 
of expenditure and inflatiofn. It 
did not seed any lectures from 
Mr Chnke about that 

The reason focal. ainbonties 
were in doubt about maintain- • 
ing good quality traimpg ID YTS 
schemes was thai’ui^ found 
themselves in diffioilty in 
financing schemes for two years. 
They could not raise the money 
because of Government -rale- 

Theflfr biUioa by which tbe 
local authorities had'bedi penal- . 
ized bad not only bad that efieci ' 
but had also cut ernteiyment. 
He was not against job clubs. - 
H is main compIatDt was that Mr 
Clarke was misleading those 
people because there was no 

Govemmcnl 1^. 
iected doing anything tb onitx 
levd of mass unea ploymegg 
the fi^ time the GoverntMi 
had indicatod that 
meat was nte » 
fiabaity- They (at that « 
better to operate on tt«s ton 
Ofl the levd of tmempkonaeni 
and they were morally m«- 
ferent to the levd of onemmoy- 

ment at the next dcction. 


Budget and ary 
that reffloved by ihfa 

reaction of Toiy hsaddrendi^ 
The at e sen t Govcrnflwnt had 

borrowed more lh» the Labour 

t^ovenunent, hot -li wai not 
-prepared to, borrow to ^ 
peote bade » work . It w as tire 

first Bwfeel siiice 1979 ^idi 

htg uirempk^ment was an 
rSeciive cdBpdgst policy. ^ 

' ^ereareiiojofa6(hes8id)m 

any of these prcoosab. The cmly 
ones are tire 2,000 idto are to 
interview uneaiirfQyadpeople m. 
job centres and that win increase 

the Ovt) Service «4iidi the. 
Govenunent bas been redDCRV- 

The Government had fiddled 
the unemploymem • fimres 
down. Tl^ hid manipnlsied 
tbe 'sitiiatioa in . an aae mpt to 
on a ^oss of caimg 

■ They were beii^ nnteied by 
tbedeciojaie. ItwasadelibLijTr 
act of Goverament to mauuam 
mass mreinidayiiienl as part of 
its pteey and there was no 
douM »oat it Oover nmete 
poUcy had a ggeasex, effect 
than tile world rec ess i on on 

Wtat the Budget ffid was to 
confinii riutf in givtng-tDoaey 
fiar taxes thCT were not prep ared 
to give It for joba Whe die 
^vernment drose m do in the 

a lot of dieap sdremes. There 
was »role for tomnmiuiy and 
yoiith traink^ sc h emes ; his 
crilkianwas the w^r they were 
■ tfaeCovesBrnoat smaply 
ID tire imentploy^ 

meat fipirea and not lo'do 
Tito Govenuneat ootel all 
the inc euiiv e s it.iaoBd bnt tbey 
ffid DM gp into iu venire or 
newjoba. ; 

During ]aSBr'.sli»- toe 
MrWaSam Hi sBlai (Central 
Lab) aid toe rhanfflfor 
put on a dick peribrmmree 
yeMeiday bui (fid lillto -to allQ 

the anxirtfes of most people, 
mfiitrirng A large mmtoer of 
Oon aei w i i i v ej maide and out- 
side the House, about toe long- 
term pi e sp ertq of toe Ubitof 
KinguanL : 

This Budget (be. be 

seen as fittie-sacae thsaa^sbeitt- 


s^^^maie fflu when.- ueo-' 
cssaty to fiind toe BoRpwmg 
r eq un e i nenL hisKwt toeie- was 
ptfotic card eamottoF wfito 
fiieOed the preseot ccB Wi n er 
boom. ... 

It-awsamysieiy lohim vtoy 
the Coverimiaitad not jou the 
E u ropea n money system whiefa 
woold give 'tbe additional 
protection of idoser assodaiion 
with the Demkhmait. 


Assanhsoa ProfesaKitett Vin- 
cent of Bririoi .University be- 
came hecoutribuied to TArShff 
were utterly mtoterahle. should 
Bcm oocutr in a fiee coohery. 
.aadateiild'be^iEOodemaed by 
eveiyone od aB teles of the 
'floeser'^'Ma thaicter.'' toe 
jPx u ac .faBmner.' said ^foxing 

just wanted (ognajob. ' 

This was tire first time any 

CharapiOD Steve Davis, wirii his wax 
Tnssaad^s yesterday fPhottsraph: 

■Dt Odfmtb McCOuaM, an 
Opposition spdkBsiDsn on TVa- 
sory auS'eeooomk afUis. said 
■ there bad been fintoer lax 'arts 
- for. . the weai^. 

; capitBiism" should be callte top 
p^ple's c^Nialism because di^ 
Spite all efforts to incsease share 

vwiMramiMp vaiv WUK 

100 people owned shares. 

Mr John Meere, Rnancial 
Secretary to the Treasury, said 
every year some tax efam^ had 
to take.-eSect more.w less 

- FordMsewfaidtworiGedtotbe 
taxpayer's advantage, the nor- 
mal rule was that tbM tote 
effect on or after Budget day but 
for tiiose changes which 'wwked 
the other way by imposing or 
increasing tax, the practice bad 
been to apply tbe chaiiges after 
Budget dfo'. 

hi roost cases this worked wen 

' enou^ bat there be 

occasions uften some people 
were able to eireage in fon»aU- 
ing ^di coukf be costly to the 
Eiuicequer by doite business 
yen qukldy on Budget nitot 
To allow this would be neitber 
feir nor sensibie and it might be 
necessary to niake ehan» effec- 
tive from tire Mart ofBudaet 
• day. 

Science r^X)rt 

' ’^She -'tv -icpbmg ■' to ’"Mr 
Robert Rhsdra; Jamwf 
briclBf^ O who Tcftned to tbe 
deSbervle pfoisiCBl anaiutts and 
mtiiwdatiMipr the Professor. 

What hat bappttoed to free 
spe c Uii (be asked) wfakb we bad 
when we msit tbroogfa two 
work! wars and why is tire 
Leade r of tire Opporiiion so 
siiens about these outraged? 

Mr Nril Uaneck. Leader of tire 
OigMsition: Rubbish! 


The • Prime ACaistar rgected a 
suvstioa Ire a Conmrvative 
Mr th^ in of the alarming 

increase in violenl crimeTi^ 
tional service should be 

Mr John WiHoasen (Rnislip- 
Nottbwood. Qr In view of tbe 
abrmmg increase . in. tbe in- 
cidence of violent crime, 
panicularfy fry yonng people, 
could she find ritn ff to re- 
-conteier tiie' p o te n t i al im- 
ponaim of tire reintiodaetiMi 
of oatio^ service, especially as. 
in .addition to the .'Xnanii^ 
sch e me, rt could be an invala- 
ablc way of providing young 
peojHe with tire terfinted train- 
mg -and skills '(bey ' need ' in 
tody's world? ' 

Mrs ^ Thatdier; I finW ■ Mr 
Wjlld nson's views, bat h wvold 
me a n an .enormous pfcgn^ in 
tte wbde of defence • poKcy 
white is fbunded on pro- 
fcs^nal armed se rv i ce s . We 
prefer to idy on the Youth 
Tiammg Scheme. 

Why lean meat turns tough 

By Andrew Ws cmaif ^9- 

CoDsniiKis ^ are oon- pigg specUliy bred for ^ • . 

sdoosoftbeirweigiitor health leaBBtos.' JSTOiip A, 

andwholnuBton boyiii^kgii.'' That eCfect on be dueled Clffs. which i 

1 1 1 


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if ns 

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V v% 


Law Repo rt MarcB 2 1 Qn^n’s Bench Divisional Court 

Bar puts its case for 
legal aid fees 


^ Mr Justice Ta^ 

' a $ per cent increase 



£^|RiiaeBt Match ZOf '• 

' 9eiich 

.. /Visional Ojiin began he^ 

•. 9pheatioa by Mr Robert 

Eng land and Wales, as ^ umi um wui oc 

■ Bar Ctoun- disapprunting to you. I imder- 

• ^ . tor ju ninal review ■ «f a stand'and dnre your- 

about the need toteepfbesata 
levd'wbjcfa win otmtinne to 

routine . u p^ ti g e - eal«iiaw)U 
acconfing to the same' fonnula 
as in wevions years.'This win 

offictab 'wfll be in touch 
with Coopers and Lybfand, .w!io. 
I imdersrend wQl 
your iiehalC- to discuss the < 
r^ulatiotts in detaO. 

**1 recognize that this 'win be 

would hope 

Mr Sydittv Kemridg^ QC 
lioinas Morison, QC, 

j . . -;r-: review of a 

^®cfak» Uud CbancellOT, . 
. . L«Fd HaibdMTn of St Mar^ 
r c^munieated in a letter 
, to Mr Alexander dated lBt»bp«aipy 

- 7i to. mate tnalatibns' 

' .2^!?%S.39(l)ofarL«a! . 
V Ajd Act 1974, as ameiMteu -' hq ■ 

mcr^ with efieetfiom April 1 

■ M by no more that 5 per cent ' 
toe level of fees peydde . to 

- g!"y»»ndertheI^Aidia 
, Cnnunal Proc eedings (Costs) 

Regutations (SI 19SfNo llPn 
^ toamended-byiheLe^Aidin 

• Qi mm a l Proceediiigs (Costs) 

. The refief sought was a 
_ tetaratioa -ihat toe Lohl 
^ Chancellor's decision was 

> nnlawfid and that, befiwe mak- 
% such logutatsons, toe Lord 

" Chancdlor nad been' and re> 
mmned. obliged to cainsult and 
BCgotiaiewito Rgareentatrvesof 
the te. 

^ The grpdnds'oQ whidi tte 
. rdief was smqfac were: 

T Thn the. Diid- Chanioidlor- 

- .fiiled to consnh or-hreotiato - 
: ^b representatives of toe Bar 

> before reachnig. fats decision in 
breach of e aqir es s aiwuraii^ 

.-tom such negoti a t K Mis. :and 
M oouiiltatiaiiis would jdace 
. and oonuaiy to .toe 

• rrrprrtTTrirmTif -mrh nranrinTioni 
aim consultations, and toei^ 

» acted nnfiiiriy. . 

- 2 Thid, in nreldng his dedaon, 

^ toe Loid Chancellor feDed 

erly to iiilfil his statutory 01 
. lions io .**have resaid to 

- principle of allowhig ' feir 
remuneration according to toe 

. work actually and reasonably 
done** in idalion to toe ievd at 
, sudi fees iq^dichble from A^ 

. 1. 1986. 


- to toe press his letter .of ra)» 
niaiy.7afier submisBcm tO:his 
dqwctmeat of ,a .study by 
rnanageinent emisiiltonts, Goo> 
pers & Tybiand Aigocinties. of 
remuneration of .barristiets 
cairyuig out cfiminal legal aid 



'dear Bob: -I have now . 
been aMe to comi^ 0>cqMin 
and Lybrand*8. report and 
.. recommendations. As .you 
kiiw, offidals have met whh 
, Coop^andLyinandto disciiss 

• fectnal and tedmical aqiects of 
th^ report. 

. ypt .to be amymoed' that toe 

• T"afB “T* toe 

■ cOQ6iiItaiits*rqioft:T|icuicmoIly. 

' toat an iniaesse b ^ce p-atMO 
« .per cent incrinHnal hya aid fees 
. , IS' 4e>|uiied to give fetr and - 

. iMif i i ii gMiil nM ^ nm 

' be justified: 

. . am not persuaded toat toe 
levd of median earnings ibr 
. banisten oT 10-15 years call 
-specialisiig in aame whsto toe 
' oonsultants found fiom. toeir 
' survey of acmal earniw 
demmisiaies that cnnem.foe 
levels are too low. As one mi^t ' 
expect, their survey diowed a 
wide variation in earnings, la 
any event, fees cannot be set at a 
lenm whidi wonid provide a . 
subrtantia! "»«**"»* tor a bar- 
risier vriiose time muy not be 

to toe 
if it may 
a way 

attract -competent peo 
Onmisal Bm. 1 ho^ tl 
be- possiUe to .find 
. fbrrrenL 

r*! Shan therefore ato my 
-officials to give fiirtoer.tfaoi^fat 
.10 how this mi^be.adiiev^ 
and. then lo. enter iii to di^ 
cnssioits with your-pec^te**. 

In answering ' ihe Lord 
ChanceUbi^ tet^ of Febniaiy 
' 7, Mr Alexander staie± 

**Dear Lord Chancellor: 
Thank you for your leuer of 
Ftoruaiy 7. Its comments are 
not merely, as you anfidpaie, 
dBsappointxng. Iney are deq^ 

'^'There has not, as some 
mi^ think fiom yom' letter, 
been effective ducansimis be- 
tween Coopers A l^faraad and 
your. dep altm qiL Coopen ft 
Lybrnd were in dose crmtact 
during' toe year in vtoich- toeir 
report was bemg prep ared . It 
was sobmitted in Sqnmber. 

TDiey held -toemsdves- - in 
readiness ibr officials to test its 
validity in ;as much detail as 
they . .wished Apart fixim 
premnihaiy oomffleittt,-aiid one 
mcpioretory meeiii% on Decem- 
ber 17,: toe gover nm ent has 
whdly felled to avail itsdf of 
this oppoitonity. 

** 1 - do. not seek in this letter 
thereibre to answer toe specific 
oriticisnis raised. They appear to 
be based citber <« misimdef^ 
standings or on lelafividy minor . 

Mr Thomas Morison, QC, Mr 
Nicholas- Undeihifi arc Mr 
Geoite Leggatt fiir Mr Alexan- 
der; Mr Nidiolas Phillips, QC 
and Mr John Laws for tte Lord 

Mr Kentridge said toat Mr 
Alexander was aedag in a 
representative capacity in 
pursua^ of toe inn^on of 
protectzng vfeat the Bar Council 
considered to be the Intimate 
xnterests'of its members. 

Before toe 1982 Rreulations 
were'broudtt into esmet there 
bad been -some- otmsultation 
whh solicitors as a body but the 
"Bar had not been given any full 
t^mortnnity of consultatiott. 

The Bar was profoundly dis- 
satisfied with the 1982 


he Lord Chancellor's 
D^artment described the nego- 
liatxms mtfa the solidtofs as 

«taga I aniirl tilt* tiega tiatiftiK orith 

the Bar as stage 2 to come ax 
SMiie tone in the futnr& 

In 1983 a survey of mnvam- 
tion whidh had been commis- 
sioned by toe Bar was presented 
to the Lord CfaanoeDor's Dqxut- 
ment lhat survey was not 
resided as of nioefa value and it 
was rejected in 1984. 

The Bar undertook that h 
would commisaon and assist in 
presenting a modi more exten- 
sive surv^ and commisaoiied 
Coopers' ft Lybrand to do a 
study not tmly of remuneration 
but also of work and etmenses. 

It was understood that that 
study would be conddered and 
rfiBTWfMrf and some basis of 
n^otiatimi readied betvren the 
Bar and the liOrd Omicdlor. 

In each of 1983, 1984 and 
1985 the prescribed fees were 
increased by a smafi p erc enta ge, 
whidi was adqned apparent^ 
by having r^ard to the rate m 

that upon about £17,500 a year before tax 
yon would and that of the 10 to 15 year 
group £22,500 a year before nut. 

It had been contemplated 
the Lord Chancellor's 
Deoartmeet and understood by 
the Bar that toe new roulatiofis 
would be issued toe Lord 
Chancellor with effect fi^ 
1 . 

The Coopers ft Lybrand re- 
port was finished and presented 
to the Bar in September 1985 
and immediately suboiitted to 
not only the Lord Chancellor 
but also toe Law Ofificers. Diey [ 
received it on Sqiember 13. 

No response having been 
received from the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department by the 
middle of November the Bar 
bqan to express concern that oo 
arrai^ements !***< b e en to 
start meetings about the report. 

On November 22 a critique of 
toe report drawn up by toe Lord 
Oiancellof’S Oepmtment and 
the Law Officers* - Oqiartment 
was received by the Bar. It was 
immediately attetut^H to and on 
December 10 Coopers ft 
Lytnand fresented a rqriy. 

On Ddcember 17 a pieJim^ 
nary meeting took piaoe but 
despite r^ieated requests fiom 
the Bar ai^ Coopers ft Lybrand 
that the expected seixs of 
meetings should take {rim in 
toe near future, (here was only 
one meeting at lunditiiiie on 
January 29. 

Tbronghont that period assur- 
ances were given by the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department tiiat 
further meetings would *»ifa 
place, but none did. 

On February 7 the Loidi 
Chancelloi^ letter was hanrfarf | 
to Mr Alexander. 

The Bar remained 

tbroi^hout under the coatinn- 
ing impression that n^otiations 
on the report would place 
befiMO the decision was taken to 
make the 1986 Ri^utations . 

In diose drcumstances the I 
Bar fUt compelled to institute | 

It was perfectly clear that the 
intention of Phniament in the 
Act was to further the admin- 
istration of justice in this coun- 
try and to provide the benefit of 
rep r esentation to persons 
who would not otherwise be 

The 1^ aid system had 
' a large fi^ of work 
the Bar. It was a fector 
leading to the expansioa of the 

The intention of Parliament 
was not to confer benefit on the 
Bar but to confer r^iresentation 
to persons charged before the 

It should not be necessary to 
have .to point that out to the 
court, but tbe Lord QianccDor, 
in his afiidavit, said that l^al 
aid was one of many social 
smvioes in this country and that 
-the question of feir lemunera-' 
tion could not be consideted 
-whfaout.rreard to other de-l 
nuutds on toe public purse. 

He was stfgest^ that toe Bar I 
-was compeUDg with t 

fillip emifoyeto 

aeeejpt, of course; that the 
coosiihaiits base their .recooe- 
' iwn A itin ns ' on a iiiodd 'de- 
‘ signed to sfaow^ tbe earwiitgx 
r wtodi- could' be adiieved by 
cosnsd fiiDy employ^ on 1^ 

■ aid woik at 

But I am not^coomne^ that 
a number-cf toe tey amniiip^ 
tfohs in tbe model are reefistie. 
”0110 of tbe fimetions of the 
’■inoddis toesutolito the nnmber." 
' of -cases a b anis ter can do eadt 
' year. This dnendsmi bow long 
eadi type or case wiD late in 
court bow long h wiD have 
t^en to prepare: 1 do not at the 

■ rnoroent accept toe assumptions 

used for tbe tone cases take in 
; court: 

.'"As an example, iny 
.department^ .figures for tiie 
average bearmg -tune for ghil^- 
pleasm the second quarter of 
1985 was a? hoots. Tbectm^ 
taoU-bave that spiny 

'late' a. mtiMm iim' bn two 

"If so.1^ tote %.SOod deal 

longer than they did m n^ time. 
Nor can I aoe^ the pr^wration 
times assumed. ■ ' 

GOBMtoois ba-ve assoined an 
av fwy preparation time of 
a wint - tefllen CB of ll've 
hours, wfuefa eompaies wfth tbe 
average at about half an bour 
which our figures toow appeals 
a pdTio sentence take in cooit. 
This also ccHofficts wito my own 
experience at the Bar. • 

are. examples . oidy. 
There are a number of oiber 

assumptions w4iid I find 'nqmdf 

unatde - to accepL Mme fhn- 
dameotaiiy, tbe report see msto 
make 'no aitem^ fo as sws 

wfaeibtf the range work m me 
model was qipropriate to coun- 
sel of any piaiticular stanmug . 

^or would I acoqn thtt^ 
feet that lat^ere in .the Civu 
Sovice. or for that' matter 

Imd EbOshaai — sued by toe Bar 
points. I r e gre t that it is a 
selective and imbalanced ap- 
pro^ 10 too report. 

“Yoii do not, however, sng- 
gest that even if these pmnts 
.were valid, -ti^ would reduce 
the daim tignificantly. 

are .agreed tra yon are 
required -by statute to have 
rega^io.the principle of allows 
.ing fair reihnneraiion' according 
to the 'Work actually and reason- 
ably done. 

, ’Nowhere, however, do yon 
siQgest that luiy criticisms yon 
have of the Coopers ft Lybrand 

to the best 

' repM wmild in any justify 
..selection of. tiw.lfigure oTS per 
' cent 

*nus figme'is, as yon'say, a 
routine upratiM based on* an 
"onjustifiaNe 'formula wfaidt 
does not amevto idate to feir 
remuneration. Nor does h tidee 
' into account your express con- 
cern that tbe quality of new 
entrants lb .tbe profestion 
sbould be'preserved- 

"You soggest toat your own 
experience at the Bar supports 
some of yoiir comihenis. My 
own expenenoe, whidi indudes 
' visits to moior cennss on'cadt 
^the dremts ance Octolier and 
miich omnact with the Bar in 
Xondon. wholly su|toOiis..'toe 
view of the.cobsnltants tbatfim 
remaneration is.not bang paid 
and hardship is being caused. 

"The protesaon remafaw, as I 
have, india***^,, keen to secure 
no fiiore that fiiir lemnneratioiL ' 
The Royd 'Conunisskm on Le- 
pi Services recommended 
strongly that there should be an 
Advisoiy Committee, sodi as 
oasis for otoer sBCtora of public 
emi^oymenl, to advise the peev 
fession ai^ the Goveenment on 
what is feir. 

"The Govemoient'b lemnse 
to this proposai was that it 
preferred direct negotiations 
whh the profession. 

'. **We now have 'a situation 
where -iiiere has been no proper 
nreoiiation. nor is. there - any 
o^oti^ body seddng to seme 
the' piiUic interest by eosuring 
that tile professip''n a properly 
paid! ■ 

"The Bar finds this dedoraUe 
andi as I bave prmioiitiy in- 
dicated, is whrdly wining il^ an 


infonnatimi me pnctice of over 
. 2,000 barristers consisted 
subsontodly and in some cases . 
entirely rffegal aid 
. Twenty four sets of diambeis 
in London and in other cities 
were surveyed Tb^ were dmng 
laig^ but not entirtiy crimiiial 
woriL Thw made regular » 
turns to Coopers ft Lybrand 
over 12 ' consecutive wofkiiig 
wedcs of bairisteis of five to 
nine yearf seniority and of 10 to 
15 years, who made individual 

. To avoid the possibilify tiiat 
an individiial stndy mitet be of 
an under-employed hairister. 
Coopers & Lybnoid created a 
ihbdd .barrister ^lo was en- 
gaged sdKfy on that type of 
-wmk, who was assumed to be 
hsmdling a mix of cases but was 
someone'uho was .woridpg as 

hard wnrf-nflen andMufBeiMitly 

as any barrister could properly 
be expeaed to work throu^iout 
ihe yev. . 

The 'result to which they came 
was thai.on toe scale. of 1984- 
19^xheinbdianoffive404un^ . 
year baniAers in London would 
ha^an armual incozne ofabout 
.£l2,500befi>retax,and fbrthose 
of 10 to 15 years' caQ the figure 
'wonid be £15,000 before tax. In 
the provinces tbe estimated 
income would be shtetly less. 

Paiagraitos 16 and 17 of the 
summary their report read: 

"Our GODdnsion that the 
prese nt criminal l^al aid fee 
scales are inadoiDate and fen to 
meet the principle of ’feir and 
leasonabte' reuiud for work 
reasonably done* is sunxir^ 
by evidence of dedin^ quality 
of entry to the criminal bar, a 
trend which once established 
will become increasingly diffi- 
cult to anesL There is also 
evidence that able yoiny bar- 
risters are leaving the enmmal . 
Bar throng dissatisfectimi wito 
tbe financial rewards. 

"We have based our recom- 
meadatioDa, not on a compar- 
ative stody of the iacomes of 
b ar risiefs wito people m- other 
walks oflUe, baton die principle 

that there Should be ctmsiscncy 
on the nd rewards of banisters 

apeung wito other bene- 
fecUHs RM' bounty fiom toe 
public purse and therefore must 
be confent with less than feir 

It was dear that toe Lord 
Chancellor oooiadered that I 9 
April 1, 1986 he was required to 
exercise his powers again. Potv- 
eis in relation to financial 
matters were usually exercised 
fiom time to time, usually 

Lord Lane; What is the magic 
of April 1? 

Coansd said that, tbe other 
rqulatibns had been made on 
April 1. There was no reason 
wlnr the decision conld not' be 

In his affidavit the Lord 
Qiancdlor said toat he bad not 
yet made a decision to wdiich 
objection might be takeiL It was 
not clear vtoober he meam that 
the apidication was imnature 
because the dednon had not 
been pot in the fbim (rf* regula- 
tions. If so, that was not correct 

Mr PhiOfys said that toat 
point was not being taken. 

Mr Kentridge said it was of 
toe essence that toe discussions 
and. noptiations would take 
place before the rqulations were 
made: The expectation which 
was created was in rdation to 
the decision to be wwi* on new 
rqulations to come into Race in 
spring 1986: 

Counsel referred to tbe course 
of dmlingt, meoings and 
coi'ies p oiidence- goiiig back to 
1982 as dealt in Mr 
Alexanders affidavh. 

It was important to go bade to 
1982 because the Lem Chan- 
celior in his affidavit apreaied 
to suggest that tbe 1982 fees 
were Sir to the Bar and tfaer^ 
fim by leasoD of the routine 
iqnatii^ since then, the currem 
r^ulatioiisweie prima jbciefeir 
and the onus was on the Bar to 
prove that ttey were unfeir. 

Commenting cm the Lord 
Chancellor’s letter of Fdmnuy 
7, Mr Kentridge said that it was 
for tbe Lord .Qiancellor to 
convince himsdf tint the rates 
he fixed for 1986 afibided feir 
and reasonable temnneialion. 

A meeting • betwe e n Mr 
Alexander and the Lr^ Chan- 
cellor lode plare on Mardi 4. 

In crauneiiting cm ciuestions 
asked at thai meeting; tiie 
Chan&ellor wrote that be hte 
not-iaken any "decision** save to 
seek to temoly the immediate 
consequences of in&tion. He 

independent .txidy sbonld con- —ufeethertfaey.are salaried dvil added that it would be wrong to 
sidertbeyaiidifybfiiscasd / ' senrants or adf-ienqtioyed — withhold tbe rootiiie iipintiii& 

levels 'so as fo adueve com- 

pnable eaitUDgs. ; . _ • 

-jg tue i^ulatioiis I am 

jeqiiired by 

. iMardtoihepnnc^ rf^w- 

' tog fiur remuaeratioo accordmg 

to the work acno^ aod nasoD- 

my decision, 1 
canned ifftwn ite cost etfmea- 
iwp rfahn- whiefa jg this case 
raid be substamiaL That is 
why, before accepti^^tte.da^ 

r have had to scnmoize A wito 

*'^15Eve said. I.Temain to be 
convineed, on the.mfonnatm 
befbre me, that the rales bemg 
paid in tbe carren* finanom 3***“ 
do^ tcpi^t feir and Msoo- 
aUettmnBOaiibn. , 

- "NMtbdess. I 

comse that these taies^^ 
ube adjustod for next year aim 1 

"Your kUftTis sQeot oa. this ufeordywfacdly bn government- 
suggestion, and F ' am di^ • funded wmk. 

)int^ tiiat the Govonmait "We have this ixin- 

ci(de with r^ard to tiie salaries 
and conditions eiu<fyed by bar- 
Tisters in rimilar age groups in 
the government l^al service. 
'This deniongliates that tbe in- 
comes of seltenidpyal bar- 
risiers who specialiTf hi pubiidy 
funded crinimaJ defence woric 

_ would need to be inoeased by 

a go^ deal of toe resources of between 30 percent and 40 per 
its pipfessiohal oiganizaiiptt to . cent at current ra^Jf they were 

ibes not a{K>evas wxUiiigas we 
are to-sifocnit tiremeriis ofdur 
case to' such detached . and 
impartial scrntiny.. - 
"The stndy which we have pm 
be&MC yon has taten a year to 
prepare: It has been enth ‘the 
Government fin* almost five 
•ffimths. Tbe Bar.has committed 

tbe preparatioo'of tbe lepoirL 
**1 have to say tiiat tiie whole 
Bar will cMisider .ihe nqily as a 
very inadequaie response.- 
"We also hope that ihoe may 
be a way forward. This cannot 
however, start finm the basis or 
a lefiisaTof n^otiatrans; and the 

jfnpqsitian 'Or.aiL 

"The profession can reaitoii- 

1*™^ abiyexpM proper a^Dauons were adopted the income of ibe Sofintors: Lawre 

based on a . as-n matter of-feir Xfealing. I five lo nine yeargroBp would be Treasury Scriidtor. 

10 be put 00 a similar earnings 
10 government 

"The fee scales which would 
realize this pimple are set out 
•in the appendix . . .** 

The Lord. Chancellor’s de- 
cision was, notwithstanding 
what was befbre him. to make a 
routine uprating of5 per cent. If 
Qxtoeie ft l^rmno’s fignres The hearing continues, 
were adopted the income of the Solicitors: Lawrence Grteam; 

as Mr Alexander was aware such 
regulations could not be 

The first submisrion was 
based on the tetitimaie expecta- 
tions of the Bar. The phrase 
"feghiniaie expedation^ vugs 
first considered by Lord Den- 
ning, Master of the Rolls, hi 
Sehmiik v Secretary restate for 
Home Affairs (fl9^ 2 Oi 149) 
and had since oeen considered 
.te tbe Privy Connctl in Attorney 
■ General <g Hong Kong v Hg 
Yuen Sfiiu ([19»] 2 AC 62^) 
and by tiw .Bonse of Lords in 
Council (ffCivii SifTvzcr Unions v 
Miniaer for the Crvf/ Ssrefor 
a 1985] AC 374): 

The aolfaorities ' were dear, 
and if they were railed to tins 
case there mua teve been a 
legitiinate expectation. 

The statw of Eros made an imprompta r mura to PteeadiDy 
yc^ttday fat die conrtyanl of the ihiyal Academy. The 
lished and restored fignre will be ttoved today to hsr^bt- 
l ^ace 00 top the fotmtain in nccadSly Cnens and wiD 
be.imTeiled on Monday. An exhOridon tdtfie woih of Sir Al- 
fred Gilb^ its creator, opens at dm R^ai Academy today. 

to promote 

By Richard Ford 

The Gorernment yesterday 
started a pnWeify campafya to 
promote the Aneto-lrish 
agreement and to »d a ‘‘sns- 
imaed campaign of haif- 
trnths” by ’’loyalist'* 

Under dm ii — a t np **Tinie 
For 'Rath” fhU-page advm^ 
tisements were placed in 
Nortoem Irdand^ three daily 
ne w apapus and in aU its 

In the advmtisemente the 
Govea u seat sets out what it 
says are the fsete raiher toan 
toe fiction of toe a g re e me n t 
with Dnblin. 

Witoont """wng loyalist 
leados toe ailvertis»ents ae- 
case them of lamidiiss a 
delibeiate caaqmign of lies, 
decrit and diSterami itoiito 
es^Mted emotiens and h^ 
led to nnrest and disorder, 
Tiie advertisements, issued 
and paid for by the Nbrtfiem 
Irdand Office; end: ’'Tte 
Ai^o-frish a^eement— 
stia to the mtesT* 

The 1 ^ laa Paisley, leader 
of toe Democratic Unioaist 
Party said tiior appearance 
was an hn^icit acknow- 
ledgement that tin Govern- 
ment has lost die propranda 
initiative to an ’’■nscrsvmons” 

”1110 move agyessi ve” of- 
isive ire tbe Goven u nent 
oimies sner debate among 
senia' mnusters and officials. 

Tito advertisement says titat 
siaoe toe apeement was 
sfyned last November it had 
bra toe target (rf a ’’soMtiaed 
faiwpaMn of halffrltilS aod 
worse, ft is bow time — for aO 
onr firtnies ~ to put die leand 

Big increase in drugs abuse 

Health ministers from 
around the world >‘estefday 
gave a warning ttet dn^ 
abuse had incremed dramati- 
cally and seemed set to get 
even worse. 

‘They said new fbnns of 
drugs, which were more addic- 
tive, were starting to be used 
They also drew attention lo 
possible links between drug 
traffickers and terrorists who 
sought to undermine society. 

The warnings came at the 
end of a three-day confoence 
in London called by the 
(Government, with the help of 
the World Health Diganizar 

tion, to discuss the global 
problems of drugs misuse. 

Delates from about 30 
countnes were told that rou^ 
estimates put the number of 
people taking cannabis at 
more than 29 million. 

The number of people tak- 
ing opium and heroin was 
nearly three million, with 
more than four million lakiire 
cocaine. A further 8,500,000 
people were thou^t to be 
taking barbiturates, 
tranquillizers and amphet- 
amines or hallucinogens. 

Mr Barney Hayhoe. Minis- 
ter of Health, said that the use 

of so-called "designer drugs** 
was beginning to spread from 
the United States to other 
countries. ‘They can be made 
in tbe kitchen, using feMy 
readily available diemicals. 

In a joint statement the 
ministers "expressed great 
concern that h^th problems 
related to the misuse of nar- 
cotic and psychotropic suh 
stances have increased 
dramatically at a global level**. 

The statement said that 
countries should encourage 
action to promote healthy and 
personally-foifilli^ alterna- 
tives to drug taki^ 

may yield 
on Sunday 

By PhUip Webster 

FtiUtical Repwter 

The Prime Minister bi 
been seeing more Oossenri 
live opponents of unlimite' 
Sunday trading, but tiie ; 
unwavering in her support fr 
the prinapie of comida 

Cl^nents of the Shops Bi 
as it stands have, howev^ 
drawn encouragement fipf 
the meetings. MPis have bee 
struck by the Prime Minister^ 
obvious concern that the Go^ 
ernment should be doir 
something which is oppose 
by such a targe number of b< 
l^kbenchers. ' | 

By yesterday 77 Conservp 
tive MPs had ^ned a motid 
calling on tbe ^vernment 1 
amend the BUI *To preserv 
the special character of Sui 
day and to have regard for tti 
principles and conscience ( 
those who would be affe^ 
by the total deregulation t 
Sunday trading. 

While Mrs Thatcher dead 
disa^ees with tbe critics, sh 
is said to be worried abov 
upsetting $0 many Ml^ 
are normally dose supporter 
and because so much of tb 
opposition outside Failiameri 
is coming from Conservativ 
supporters. 1 

At one session with aboit 
ei^t Conservative MPs tii 
Pnme Minister tast week to 
voted almost an hour to 
discussion of the shops l^sk 

As The Times reported, 
compromise under whic- 
sfaops would be allowed' i 
open for a maximum of fod 
hours on Sundays is unde 
discussion at the Horn' 
Office. I 

Mr Roger Gale, Conserve 
tive MP ibr Thanet Nor^ ha 
also sent the Prime Ministe 
details of the solution wfaief 
has been adopted in tlr 
American stale of Massachu 
setts, triiich confines openin 
to between midday and 5 pa 
on Sundays. t 

• Bradford MetropoUtal 
Council has inomised in thi 
High Court to take a fresh looi 
at its policy for enforcing th' 
Sunday trading laws. 

'The undertaking was giyei 
after Uriah Woodhead 
builders' merchants, of Valle. 
Place. Bradford, took tik 
council to court because it sai<‘ 
competitors sellii^ do-it-yoar{ 
self equipment were continn 
ing to trade on the Sabbath, it 
laeach of the 19S0 Shops Act 


The fomous Maples of Tottenham Court Road Sale must end soon!^ 
There are still hundreds of bargtins in evmy dqHurtment 
including many stocked Hmns furthm' reduced.*BUT HURRY! 

Treasury (illustrated). Colonial style 
dining range in cherry finish. 
Mirrored back display unit 
Normally £949.95 SALE £649.95 
Twin centre leaf table. 

Normally £549.95 SALE £379.95 




I rii fi 



HHHHH 1 19 KBilillKBln 

Mi i M H 


1 1 111 IJIlllllll 






• r . ’ 


South Africa braced for civil turmoil in work stoppage 

B biadag 

8p«T pw 

jjjl ■“]? trade ai^n 

caBed on their 
yestadar to mack 
«0 Wtc amuvefBuies of two 
evM in die history 
resBtance to white 

21, I960, 69 

y are kaied Sd 186 

^nded m StoupeviDe^ a 

township some 40 mile* sonlh 
of Johahaesbmg, when polioe 
panicked and opened file on a 
luse ccm;^' ' dMOBdiattog. 
gainst *tpu^tiiiir 
nstskGag biadc ntoraiiBits; ' 

On the same last year,. 
20hladB wae kBIed and 27 
vonnded when poBce fired on 
thneral marchers to T-aag^, a 
black towBohip oatside 
jjjtenlwgp, in ..Out Mem. 

' Cape. Ajndkito toqmiy.loBBd 
that the pidice had no cr e wd- 
control weapws with them. 

otoer diaa rifles, 12-boccshot- 

.:day dm Umted DenMoatk 
(UDF)^ an antt-iv^ 
wdA‘ HinbEelh . tageiiriBidoa, 
and the CongM of Sonth 
African Trade Unions 
(COSATU), ncged bhcks to 
dte Uiteshage M Port EUza- 
bedi area, nhidi b heavily 
todnstriaitoed, to stay msf 
from work today. 

The two organlzadoas^ 
whidi share the poStical ahns 
of the outlawed African Mar 

Tension between the superpowers grows 

Moscow claims US 

were spymg 

P^om ChristiviKr Walker, Moscow 

jny Kremlin stepped up hs leoaoawiu^ cause hes in the alar, has made Western ob- 

v2SSa?*aSf 9 tc“!S* action of the us." servers more pessimistic 

sSfnSmf^iiSKL^p He said American actions about the chances of the 
9i off Libya hmboured “seeds of second sommit being staged 

a threat to the worid at large", this year. “It seems that both 

i?f and he iinJced them with US sides aie to the process already 

whiA teiDDort for Contra rebels to of tiyiiia to absolve them- 

been authorized personally by . 
Mr Caspar Wetobo)^, the 
Defence Secretary. 

The aocDsatioas were maA^ 
at a press conference given by 
Mr Vladimir Lomeiko. diief 
spokesman for the Soviet 
Foreign Ministry. It was the 
second called 1^ him in 48 
hours, undeiiintog the growl- 
ing tension between the super* 
powers and the rapid 

teipport for Contra i>ri)els to 
Central ' America and Unha 
ferces fighting in Angola. 

The dapper Mr Lmneiko ** 
one of Mr Mikhail 
Go{bacliov*s two main piess 

of trying to absolve them- 
selves nmn any blame if it 
fails to come cme diplo- 

s of Mr Mtkhaii Yesterday hfr fvtniMifa 
[bacliov*s two main press jected the Haim by the US 
ke^en - repeated mmly. eefenm Department that the 
t.ihis yearis summit would ' two American warships which 

only be hdd if it was dear in 
athoutce that it wouldndiieve 
concrete i^reements. This re* 
maihed the position of the 
Soviet Unkm and “cannot be 

cau\A hAICS laUlU « ‘ ^ * j ^ 

evaporation of the **si^ of ^^ ^cd m pnnaiae 


Geneva". “The sitnatiOD in the world 

is getdng more intensified, not 
In answer to a question, Nfr b^use of the Soviet TJmon, 
Lomeiko acknowledged pub- but because the US does not 
licly for the first timem recent want to give up their policy of 
fiioaths that US-Soviet reb- the nudear aims race... and 

uons were deteriorating, but 
denied that this was any fault 
of the Soviet Union. 

He iHamed the White 
House for “ fanning the 
tensions" onfering- the 
fourth in a series (^Imge naval 
manoeuvres off Libya to less 
than three months. 

“The news coining fiom the 
r^on is alarming ,” Mr' 

Lomdko said. “What is going 
on there is an escalation of 

because of their actioD to 
totenrify tension in the 

Mr Lomeiko repeated 
cUms that the Soviet Unioo 
remained in favour of a 
second summit.if it was clear 
that agreements on security 
could be reached and stQl 
b^vied that it cookf take 

Mounttog jpubiic ofticism 
here ofthe LJS in general, and 
of President Reagan in pktb- 

penetraied six miles inside 
Soviet lenitmfal tvaters in the , 
Black Sisa. last week were^ 
exeidring the right of inno- 
cent passage. 

“What was involved here 
was not tonocent isassage, but 
a clearly ^vocative patoage 
to clear vmbtion of ^ state 
border of the Soviet Union 
and todudtog an attempt to 
cohdnet espionage." 

The dec^on to send the 
cruiser YoridowD and des&oy- 
er Caron to within six miles of 
the southon coast of the 
Crimean pentos *»fa had been a 
poliUcal move taken in Wadi- 
ington and designed to eaves- 
diw on the Soviet Union. 
Official US attempts to justify 
the “riototion" were “totally 
irrelevant", as it had taken 
plaire “ill the vicinity of the 
Soviet coast, where there are 
no traditional seaways". 

PLO man’s visit dismays Israel 

fiy Nicholas A^find, Dfrdomatic CcHTe^ndent 
I^neli diplomats yesterday With memories ofthe fiasco dan and Mr Yassir Arafat, 

expressed dismay that a series 
of high-^d meetings be- 
tween a top member <rf'4he 
Palestine Liberation Organi- 
zation, senior Forej^ C^hce 
officials and Opposition lead- 
ers have been hdd to London 
ttos wedc. 

The Foreign Office con*' 
finn^ yesterday that Mr Fa- 
rouk I^dounu, the TLO*s 
“f^ipign Minister^, bad an 
informal meeting on Wednes- 
d^ i with' Sir'-David Miers, 

for th^h^^^^ast, and Mr 
Patrick {'fixot^.^iead of the 
Near Eba dqmnenL 

; ; ‘-j' •. • - 

, Coalition 
Ams Jiutch 
local polls 

FrontEobot Scfaiiil 

• With the Ekildi pmfi 
‘.tary electitms.mi.Msy. 21_oafy 
’ tv^ months 'away; the.'QWOSH 
tion" ■ Labour .Party .lias 
'emeiged the: winitor loT Ibt 
.mtimapal ddmdns bela' on 

' "Tbe^Gfiristia}- DCTbcra& 
Appeal, the senior ^lartner to 
:the rufing cuMr^rtgbt'icqa^L 

but Hs conservative liberal 
parmer, the Pete's Party for 
Freedom and Democracy, IqA 
bsvily. ^ the coafition still 
retains a majority of 77 seats 
in the ISO-seal Lower House. 

The refill also confirms the 
trend given by op^on polls as 
regards tiie coming na ti o n al 
election. ' • 

In national terms the result 
has been distorted by a num- 
ber of fectOTS. For the mat 
time more than 300,000 for- 
eigners readmit in The Ntfh- 
eriands for more than five 
years, were allowed to vote. 
Representing about 3 per cent 
ofthe electorate. 80 per «mt of 
iheir vote went to the Labour 

Atout ooe-thoxl of the elec- 
loraic prtJbaWy votes differ 
enily in local elections than a 
does to a national polL ' 

More than 100.000 resident 
Moroocaps -6^ to ..vole. 

of last year's abentive meeting 
between two PLO leaders and 
Sr Geoffrey Howe, the For- 
eign Secret^, stin fierii, in 
people's nunds, officials 
stressed that the talks which 
took place at a party given by 
1^ Dennis Walters, Conser- 
vative MP for WesCbniy, were 
private and linoffidaL 

The meetings were said to 
be pan -of a n^olar series of 

Wednesday’s laOcs focused 
on the current impasse in the 
Middle peace process 
after the breakdown m talks 
betireeo King Huston of Jor- 

head of tiie PLO. 

Mr Kaddoiuni, who is in 
London on a private visit to 
win sui^rt for bis oiganizar 
tion- alter recent setbacks, 
exifaitoed the FLO’S version 
of why these talks bad'ended. 

Mr Kaddoumi had earlier 
held talJto with Mr Neil 
Kinnock, the Labour Party 
leader, and Mr Denis Healey, 
the par^s qxfaesman on 
foreign afiairs. 

The mee^ with Labom' 
leaders particitiaily dismayed 
Isiadi diplomats in LchkIob 
brause of the party’s tradi- 
tional fiiendship towards 

An injiBad MosliBi de mo nstrator is led sway by hbIsysiaB 
police after one of Che BMoy protests wradoog Sabah, the 
east Malaytoan cs^tai, ovte' the past week. 

Kohl Var on unions’ 

Bonn — The West Gen^ 
ccmservative-liberal coalitimi 
of ChaoceDor Helmut Kohl 
yesterday forced through the 
Bonn partiament a labour law 
wltidi the Opposition con- 
dezhned as a “declaration of 
war" on the unions (A Corr^ 
q)ODdent writes). 

The reform, passed by 26S 
votes to 210 after a bitter 
r***»"S f* the system 
jindeT'-whidi workers aroeted 
by toifites to another atoa are 

entitled to benefit 

In fiitnre; those affected but 
not taking part will receive 
bcMfit But those in the same 
industry who may gain from 
strike demands will not te 
paid even if the di^te is 
hundreds of miles away. 

The Trades Union Federa- 
tion (DGB;, badeed by the 
SPD and the Greens, has 
accused the Kohl Govern- 
ment of a deliberate confron- 
tation with organized fabour. 

donal CttigRas (ANC), said 
that eofy nurses and haspital 
workers don^ kitchen duties 
woold be exBBpt, and said that 
norM ttotioa would be re- 
placed Iqr “altomative ednea- 
tien prognmnes" at Mack 

They fiirtbte demanded ffiat 
file ban Ml ffie ANC should ^ 
Bfted, aD pditieal prisMieis 
itoea^ and that March 21, 
June 16 — die day in 1976 on 
whidi the Sow^ w prMMg 
b^an — and May 1, Interna- 
firaal Labour Day, should be 

made paid pnbBc holidays as 
“a tribote to the martyrs w the 

The rbul Black CMisdaos- 
ness Movemoit, the Azanhm 
people’s organization, ao- 
nomioed separate plm fto 
commemorative rallies and 
ehnrdi meetii^ in the next 
few days, and said that the 
Sharperille loUtogs had been 
a catedysmie event, endl^ 
“plaintiff petitioa politics" 
a^ settle Made resistance on 
a revtontionary pmh. 

Widespread unrest contto- 

ned to be reported feMD many 
parts yestenlay. Tiuee Mack 
men wm stabbed to death by 
unknown attacbers in 
Gugoleta, a Mack township 
near Cape Town, whfle the 
death toS in still onexplatiied 
fating between seboMchil- 
dren a nd a crfaniiml gai^ in 
Soweto earlier this week rose 
to five. 

In Koemfontefti. the appel- 
late divitooD of the Supreme 
Court, the highest conrt in the 
land, ruled that preventive 
.detention orders gainst 16 

people, iitelndii^ sbt African 
and Indiaii anti-apartlieid 
campaigners who took refrige 
to the British consulate in 
Durban late in 1984, had been 

lo a that cobM 

make it more difficnll for the 
Govnnment to nse the indefi- 
nite preventive detention 
visioiis of the Intmnal Seevrity 
Act, the court ruled that toe 
Minister of Law and Order, 
Mr Louis Le Grai^ had 
failed to tove snfGdent reasons 
for detatoh^ the 16 men. 

Life jail 
for Nazi 
of Jews 

East. Berlin (Renter) — An 
East German court jailed two 
former Nazi polioe officials for 
life yesterday for their part in 
the killing oi tens of thousands 
of Jewito men, women and 

Eberhard Tdsdmer, a train 
guard with the dlst Reserve 
Police Battalion, and the 
unit’s commander, Kurt 
Bruckner, both admitted tbeii 
guilt ovCT* the killii^ to tte 
Warsaw ghetto, other Nazi- 
occupied Polish cities, and 
labour camps. 

Bruckner vvas convicted oi 
taking part in the murder oS 
10.000 Polish Jews to a mattei 
of hours at the Trawnild SS 
labour camp in 1943 
Taschner was found guilty o 
helping to seto off the Warsaw 

Yes, they have 
some bananas 

Geneva — A country-widi 
coition of groups in Switzer 
land, many of them church 
relat^ are selling 125 tonne 
of Nicaraguan bananas to hel; 
in breaking tbe trade embargi 
imposed Ify the United State 
on that country, vriiere ba 
nanas are nonnally a majo 
foreign-exchange earner. 

Left holds 

Mm Mila Mobwey, wffe of toe Canadian Prfrse Mralster, Mr Brian Molroiiey, playing with cfaildreD at Washington I IV/f avfli'nllSI 

Children^g Hoapitel whib her hashand was rtherwisg ftn fflgwi, dfamftBing marters M state with PreddMtf Reagan, lYAilAill.UU41. 

' Ottawa — Canada’s onl 
socialist govenunent has bee 
returned to office in th 
Manitoba provincial electro 
(John 1^1 writes). The Nei 
Democratic Party (NDP) too 
3 1 seats, the Conservatives 2 
and the Liberals one. 

In 1981 the NDP won 34 1 
23, and this time their share ( 
the vote slipped from 47 pc 
cent to 42. 

Blacked out 

Beirut (Reuter) — Bein 

oi LOCDCWi^ttuuiiHmssciiiiriy, oris uuuumicu o ucw im ui uic nuiii wuiuu vuic wiui uic i suspended nw 

' V - . . . .. I flights temporanly aftt 

— — ixne noni oi a rxenen eiecuoniorau out iwo seats m a^nsi any anempi oy me i thieves blacked out ninwa^ 

or- j K j ' by stealing power cables. 

US refiige 

Tokyo (AP) - Mr Valei 
Polyanin. a Soviet sailor wt 
rowed into Japanese wate 

who™,89:,^dhas ,52? “J I 

United States. 

Police purge 

Lima (Reuter) — The Per 

‘flu, but it’s coming to an hive"M~ov^”maiorirv"ftf I vian Government has di 

hSL- ,The youngKt member of missed 238 senior poU 

_ . ^ ^ prooame new Assembly is M Jean- 1 officefs. including at least 

colonels, in hs latest purge ( 

Danube hovei 

Vienna — A British bove 
craft has been launched on t! 
Danube to link Vienna ai 

Star Wars 
for Nato 

- i^mn Frederick Bonnart 

Serions European concerns 
about the Strat^jc Defence 
Initiative and tiie impUcations 
of arms coDtiol 'proposals for a 
redaction of medinm-range 
missiles have resnlted in 
American action. 

At yesterday’s meetiiig of 
Nato’s nnclear pbuming groiqi 
in the romantic setting of a 
mediaevai Bavarian town, 
Lienteoant-General James 
AbrahamsM, tbe director of 
tbe Amrtican SDI oiganiza- 
fion, anphasi^ to defence 
ministos tbe importance at- 
tached to dd^ce i^ainst 
shorferrenge missiles wliidi 
tiirentraed Enroi^ 

In a detailed briefii^ dnriiv 
wbkb he demonrtratod h^Jir 
technology items on which a 
breaktiuroogfr had been made 
ter vast redactions in' size and 
Genmal Abrahamsmi 
sahk “As opposed to all fiiose 
who say that it caniwt be done^ 
tiie tecboMopcal ride of tbe 
probtem is nmdi easier than 
the poUticaL** 

Ifecr Manfred WMner, tiie 
German Munster of Defence, 
said diat the federal repnblic 
.foDy snppated file resear ch 
programme, and toat “the 
pn&ction of Eorope ^rinst 
'aedtom and sliorta»ange 
nussOes had to be inclndM 
from file start". American 
leoogutioQ of thfe had made 
pos^de an agreemeiti be- 
tween the two govenments 
wUdi wonld allow Gennan 
indnstry to participate. 

Mr Geoige Yoimger, Secre- 
tary M State for Dtibnce; said 
in hb mmMmi address to Nato 
mfaiisteTS that good pro^r^ 
was bring made in British 

Death report marks veteran 
assemblyman’s election 

Haitify had M Marcel 
Da^ult, the 94-year-oid 
founder of the aeronautics 
Company which bears his 
uam^ finished celebrating his 
election as the oldest member 
of tbe new National Assembly, 
vriien he read of his death on 
the front of a I^nch 
national newspaper. 

“Marcel Dassault is dead" 
ran the headltoe to yerterday’s 
edition of Le Quotidien de 

An amused M Dassault, 
vriio was born in 1892 and has 
been a member of P^iament 
for 35 years, immediately rang 
Agence Raoce-Presse to end 
the nunour. “I’m not doing so 
badly " be said. “I’ve got the 
‘flu, but it’s coming to an 

M Dassault had hoped to be 
able toexercise his ri^U as the 
veteran of the new Assembly, 
to preside over its opening on 
April 2. 

He said he did not intend to 
take any action against the 

Fhim Oiaiia Geddes; Baris 

The newspaper’s manage- 
ment admitted that the an- 
nouncement bad been without 
foundation, adding that its 
“good faith" bad been abused. 

The Ministry of the Interior 
has published a new list of tbe 
results of the weekend general 
election for all but two seats to 
two overseas departments, 
which will be d^ded by 
ballot on Sunday. 

The latest figures show that 
the Gaullist RPR and centre- 
right UDF won onlv 276 seats 
between them, weU shon of 
the 289 needed to form an 
absolute majority. 

Even if all 14 deputies 
elected on “diverse right" 
tickets join them, they will still 
have an overall majority of 
only two, with tbe probaMe 
adttilioD of one more seat on 

Tbe extreme-r^t National 
Front, credited with 35 seats, 
tbe same as the Communists, 
says it vrill not engage in a 
systematic opposition against 
the new right-wing majority 

but will adopt a position of 
“support without partic- 

M Jean-Marie Le Pen, the 
party leader, has 3 

warning that the National 
Front would vote witb the 
Communists and Socialists 
against any attempt by the 
right to ab^don proportional 
repiesratation and return to 
majority votii^ It has been 
estimate that the Front 
vrould have obtained only 
seven seats under fiie old 
system. i 

The new 577-9eat Assembly I 
includes 33 women, five more 
than in tbe previous gathering 
of 491 seats, but a proportion- 
al drop from 5.9 per cent to S.S 
per cent. ■ 

The youngest member of 
the new Assembly is M Jean- I 
Francob Jalkh, aged 28, a 
jountolist with tbe National 
Front newspaper. National 

One of General de Gaulle’s 
grand^s, M jean de Gaulle, 
is among those who have won 

filcmiPG Ti*siiii Husain sees Women jailed 

oyria ommes iraq 

for lorry bombing " “ 

From Robot Fisk, Beinrt 

Hopes dim for 
in hotel ruins 

Stogapore (AP) — Three 
bodies were dug out of tbe 
ruins of tbe collapsed Hotel 
New Worid yesterday, damp- 
ening the hopes of prople who 
have stood vigji for six days to 
tbe belief that thrir relatives 
might have survived. 

Officials said the latest 
count was 1 7 survivors and 20 
dead. No survivors have been 
found since Tue^y night 

“rve been listening to the 
radio every hour. There’s still 
no news, 'but there's still a 
sli^t chance. That's all we 
bopeT said Mr Cbang Kian 
Yong, waiting for word about 
his uncle, Mr I^ Eng Hua4 
who worl^ at the hoik 
Engineers said at least 10 
bodies remained trapped, in- 
cludtog a young woman on a 
motm^de, seen fry rescuers 
who burrowed uuter tbe con- 
crete nibble. 

Dedding at last to publicize 
the lorry bomb which lolled 
dozens of people to Damascus 
1^ week, the Syrians yester- 
day tedd the Arab League that 
Ir^ agents had set off the 

In a letter of protest to Mr 
Chedli Klibi, the League’s 
Secretary GeneiaL Mr Farouk 
al-Sharaa, tbe Syrian Foreign 
Minister, said that an Ir^ 
had dri^ the bomb into 
Syria in a refiigeratioD lorry 
ami that the deios^os result- 
ed “in many casoalties among 

The Iraqis have denied 
involvement to the bombing, 
althoi^ Syrian state televi- 
sion has already interviewed a 
man who confessed to bring- 
ing the trade into the counuy 
alter being blackmailed by 
Iraqi secret police following a 
fatal road accident in 

The Syrians still refuse to 
state exa^y how many people 
died in the explosion, al- 
though tbe Lebanese Phal- 
an^ “Voice of Ldtenoo’’ 
radio — which first reported 
the news — says that 60 people 
were killed and 1 10 wounded. 

Mr al-Sharaa’s letter also 
appeared to be an attempt to 
excuse the initial suppresdon 
of news about the bombing. 
“Although preliminary inves- 
tigations showed tbe trtick 
came fit>m Iraq across Jordan, 
we waited until the driver was 

Irish gnn battle 

Irish troops of die UN fince In 
southern Lebanon fo^ht a 
gnn battle with Israd’s Sonfii 
Lebanon Army militia yester- 
day after Letenese gnerrillas 
ambushed an SLA armonred 
vehide (Robert Fisk writes 
from Betrat). No casualties 
were reported. 

apprehended," he wrote. “He 
confessed be is an a^nt of the 
I^i regime and bis confes- 
sion hasbeen recorded on tape 
with his own voire." 

In fact, tbe driver is be- 
lieved to be Ldianese. He said 
on Syrian television that he 
had told to detonate the 
explosives near the Syrian 
Officers' Oub in Damascus. 

In what appe^ to be a very 
rare touch of ironic humour 
on his pan. Presideni Saddam 
Hussein of Iraq refuted the 
Syrian chtira ^t his country 
was involved to the bombing. 
“Iraq could never contem- 
plate bmming its Syrian breth- 
ren who are beartfully witii the 
people of Iraq in its stand in 
defending Arab honour and 
solidarity," be said. 

The Iraqis, of course, be- 
lieve quite the opposite; in 
their eyes, Syria — far from 
defendiog Arab honour — is 
besmirching it by its alliance 
with Iran gainst tbe Baghdad 

dead end in 
peace talks 

Cairo — King Husain of 
Jordan yesterday declared that 
his efforts to negotiate a joint 
jordanian-PLO peace drive 
had reached a de^ end (Alice 
Brinton writes). 

After meeting President 
Mubarak of Eg^ for four 
hours, he said: “We m all 
concenied with the objective 
of obtaining a just and durable 
peace in the area. It's obvious, 
as ito as our current assets in 
Jordw are concerned, we 
' have had a very serious set- 
back or reached a dead end, so 
to spe^ for tbe time being" 

President Mubarak, who 
stood bttide King Husain at 
; Qubbah Palace while he made 
the statement, said he had 
nothing to add. 

Stut^art (Reuter) — Thi 
West German women wi 
imprisoned for ei^t to 
years for membership of I 
Red Army Faction gueiri 
group and related offences. 


' Sydney (Reuter) ~ ^ 
500 passengers were strand 
hm when Qantas cabin ere 
went on strike, saying 1 
refresher towels t^ hind 
out were unfas^enic. 

Smoke screei 

Portland, Oregon (UPI) 
Police Chief Penny Harrii 
ton has ruled that all api 
cants for polioe jobs m 
pfedge neverto toure tobac 
Her ban on smoking a 
chewing tobacco in pol 
vehicles and offices v 
blocked by a union protest 

Candidaife^ tun for cover in ‘Beirut on the lake’ 

FrtHn Christopfrfif Thomas 


Chicago is at war ^ain. 
“Beinrt «* ***? *, 

soraeane nnkindfy dabbed the 

ciiyv has he« 

to fiio local council m 

! Demooafic candid^ al- 

* dennaB in Ward MJed for 

» cover as a gninwan fired. 

: al sheg at him^flifle he ^ 

Mmajufasingi The teenage 
■ mmg member, obvionsfy w- 

^ hDH been 
a1*^**l'^*d niiiider. 

. Then. Acte was. the hondi. 
PoBcie fonod it oataide Mr 
Tmres% caatin^ headqnap- 
ters tort ddis^ it in thne. Ute 
Tones camp Uamed Mr Lnls 
Gutierrez, the rival candidate, 
who ftoicMsIy ^odaimed his 
innocence. . 

atefy mown down ^ a car tart 
. miracvloasly sarvived. In a 
yimnar iacideirt Mr Migdalia 
Cozz^ a candidate in Ward 
31, leapt aside and a speeding 
cff-iniasedhiBbr inches. • 

' . BecenseofthevieleBoeaiid 

streets than at any dhefion m 
die d^s history. 

Several candidates teive le- 
edved deafii threhlSi; One. of 

on Wednesday nsita fite 'pieS- 
ance of yiwm . 

and men staiidl^omk. 
Bonsly on street, iooners- 
iiMMiitiig ont candidates* leaf- 
lets. Mfany people crossed the 
road to avoid them. They 
looked nothing Uka normal 
i«am paipn wt^WS. Rtfilta, H 
appeared that, some caadi- 
dates decided to recruit gai^ 

facbes, nmre JUS attocn^ and 
' US jncMiais have been Ml die 

“Yes, jtawns are rate and 

passions have nm h ^ h , " die 
Oikago Sm-times observed 
in an edhoriaL “But what else 
is new? This is Chicago where 
people take electioos seriously 
and personally." 

Mayor Harold Washh^frm 
■fedesperately batifing to m a 
9toi^ber m^mify coalition 
that has oppos^ hm on most 
issnes since he took tdflee 
three years agtx He accused 
pMitkal rivals of stealing bal- 
lot papers on poOiiQ &y. 

His rivals nmde similar 
rfqfenfc- A judge decided to 
Mdta baflbta to be mqHnmded 
in ffiiee of the seven connefl 

wards where electiOBS were 
taking place. 

To add to ffie confisioii, 
another jndge ord«ed poUii^ 
statiois 10 lemaia open an 
estira two hoars in 40 precinds 
in fiHoe three wards because 
they iqiened late in the 
mornhi^ Branse of file nitte- 
dJe the ontoome was stfll 
andear yesterday. 

lowers oS tbe extreme right- 
wing maverick, Lyndon 
LaRonche, both politic nn- 
fcnowDS, wen a snrprising 
eiecdon hi tite niinois Demo- 
oatic primary, thrown^ into 

disarray the gampaign of the 
pany^ nominee for governor, 
former Seitaior Adlai Staveo- 
son m (N&hael Binyon 

lUmMs Demoonts were a^ 
tonished that the two candi- 
dates, Mark Fairchild and 
Jaoke Hart, on Tuesday beat 
Mr Stevenson^ hand-pkited 
nominee for the post of Lien- 
tenant-Govenior and Secre- 
tary of State. 

Mr Stevenson inunediattly 
annoiinced fiiat he wonld not 
ran on a tideet with candidates 
who espoused “the hate-ftlied 
folly of Lyndon LaRonche". 


Bienstodc Htxjse 


Tuesday 3 June at 11 am 


Tuesday I July at 11 am 

We are accepting pictures for inclusion in the 
Fine British Painting sale until 29 April and die 
Fine Victorian Paintings sale until 27 May. 
For iiirther infbnnation, please contact 
John Dabney (British and Victorian Paintings) 
or Douglas Chome Wilson (Victorian Painting) 

" Btenhetm 5f. New Bond SL London WrY OAS. Tef: 

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' ..UJA A. 




Polish priests make 
bitter attack on 

vetting of teachers 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The Polish authorities and 
the Roman Catholic Church 
are locked in a new row over 
the nrie of religion in xhools, 
with many priests bitterly 
criticizing the vetting of teadi- 
ers for their beliefo and what 
they describe as **atheistic 

Mr Jer 2 y Uiban, the 
Government's spokesman, 
yesterday gave a warning 
against *The dericalization of 
schooling and the school 
system", and attacked the 

cal - prisonen. But three of 
them have been fasting siiM 
October, and both Solidarity 
and the Church are afiaid that 
the most prominent activist, 
Mr Czeslaw Bietecki, is seri- 
ouriy ill. 

The authorities play down 
the prospect of death among 
the fours and have been 
feeding them artificially. 
"There has been no case of a 
death bv hunger strike in a 
Polish ‘prison." Colonel 

Stanisiaw Wrona, a 

priests ofa number of parishes Ministry official, said, "in 
for trying to create a battle- contrast to Ireland when no 
ground between Church and. action was taken to keep 


The vetting was no more or 
less than a series of talks with 
teachers b^oie the usual 
round of promotions, he said. 
Poland's bishops last week 
launched a broadside against 
the authorities on several 
issues: the number of political 
prisoners, atheist bias in the 
school curriculum, and re- 
strictions on church building. 

The Church has, however, 
stepped in to defuse a poten- 
tiaUy serious problem for the 
authorities by calling on Soli- 
darity huitger strikers to end 
their fast, so far with little 

Representatives of a church 
committee to aid political 
prisoners visited Warsaw's 
u>p-securit>’ Rakowiecka pris- 
on and pas^ on an app^ to 
the fasters fom Cardinal Jozef 

According to the authori- 
ties, there are only four hunger 
strikers among Poland's 159 
non-criminal — that is. poliii- 

iiunger strikers alive.' 

But he and other members 
of the prison administration, 
giving a remaiicably detailed 
account of behind bars, 
made it clear that the Govern- 
ment was keen to end the 
fasting as soon as possible. 
Quite apart from humanitar- 
ian considerations, the last 
thing that the authorities want 
is a Solidarit>’ martyr. 

The Church fears, too, that 
a hunger strike tragedy would 
di^pt the careful step-by- 
step prr^ress towards a pap^ 
visit to Poland next year. It is 
still on the offensive — Polish 
bishops not only criticized the 
numbtf of political prisoners 
recently, they also attacked the 
reli^ous vetting of teachers, 
atheist prop^anda in schools 
and restrictions on church 
building — but Church advis- 
ers want to create a situation 
whereby the Government 
feels relaxed enough to make 
laige concessions to Catholics. 

The Rakowiecka doctor. Dr 

Jerzy Possait, said tlfo Mr 
Bielecki, 38. was in the 
prison hospital and had lost 
nearly SOIb. Solidarity sources 
say he has lost more than 6Slb 
and that he has heart 

Mr Bielecki was anesied in 
April and has been charged 
with preparing to overthrow 
the state. However, the 
charges have not yet been 
presented formally to the 
court and he is r^rded, ^ 
more than 100 other political 
prisoners, as being under 
"temporary arrest". 

In presentirig the govern- 
ment case — and in the 
interests of making favourable 
comparisons with Western 
prison systems — officials 
have been giving rare insights 
into the tvayday life of 

Tkere were 1 IZOOO prison- 
ers in Poland, Colonel Wrona 
but only a dozen or so 
escaped annually. The num- 
ber of executions every year 
was very low, rardy exceedir^ 
three and uriially less. Politi- 
cal prisoners did not have to 
work and were given an 
appropriate diet — a calorie 
int^ of 2,600. Th^ were 
aOow^ to receive six food 
parcels a year, and in some 
cases allowed to read books 

Church sources argue that 
even when a prisoner has frill 
privil^es his life is fo from 
idyllic: letters, for example, 
can be received only from a 
restricted list of acceptable 
correspondents, and chuii± 
aid packages have to be explic- 
itly requited and authorized. 

Inquest into Ariane launch failure 

Konron, French Gnyana 
(Renter) — An mgent inqniry 
begu yesterday into die dra- 
matic aborted laonch of an 
Ariane rocket carryir^ two 
satellites, and Arianespaoe of- 
ficials s^ they hoped to 
schedule a relannra in eight to 
10 diqrs. 

Tire lastHninme termination 
of the laonch 4HI Wednesday, 
which was trigger^ by a 
failnre of flight compnters to 
register a crndal piece of data 
seconds before lift-oS, came as 
a psychological blow to 

The fl^ht was to be have 
been the first from a new 
bumchpad, completed last 
summer with the aim of don- 
bling Ariane's launch capacity 
to around 10 flights a year. 

The Arianespace president, 
M Frederic d'.Allest. said that 
it was too early to blame the 
proUem <hi Che lannchpad. Bnt 
the fault was "deariy a 
graond-eqiiipnieat problem". 

The third-stage liquid oxy- 
gen and hydrogen tanks wfl! 
have to he checked fiw damage 
they may have sustained In the 
secuids after the aborted lift- 

ofi^ when tedinidans had to 
depressnrize them rapidly. 

Space officials were pleased 
and relieved with die p^cct 
functioning of the antomatic 
computer safety mechanism 
whn^ triggered tiw humch 

Bnt tiiey were also aware 
that the final seconds ot 
co un tdown could have led to a 
potentially catastrophic eiqilo- 
sion bad tiw first-st^ main 
engjnes ignited while toe roclt- 
et was still attadied to its 
umbilical tower. 

The shooting iP Cair<> 

Israeli anger 

'GmienI FaMan Ver, former niilippiiies diief staf^ leai 
Vi^jnia, affo spearing before a grand jnry invest^ 
Penti^cm-foaiiced contracts daring the role ofthe' 

leged fraud and Iddt-lNidB in 
lepo^ President Marcos. 

Panama likely to 
accept Marcos 

Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
And she’s English. 

With a stepfather who refused to ack- 
nowledge her existence and a mother too 
frightened to help her, this child was being 
slowly and deliberately starved. 

She'd reached the point where she was 
feeding herself out of dustbins. 

It didn't happen in die famine stricken 
third world, it happened in an English towTi, 
(like the one you live in). 

'The NSPCC doesn't set out to punish the 
parents or break up the home. 

The child has to be protected. \\e pro- 
vide help for both her and her parents. 

£I5.4S can protect a child for two weeks. 
And that's the sum we' re asking for now 

If you cant afford quite that much, all 
donations are gratefully receK'ed. 

» hdn pmBCt a ddd Old endcBrniv dMoiiear anl«i~l 

.□ nsAsD £3a4bO mzssQ 

AccoK and Ma Old hoUen dAu ihor acroDiiK. 







-Raaeojj e . 


j n«iad^d0MdHia)Dr.AGfanliaiii576 
I NSPC&fREZrosr.UadwiEaBIQQ. j 

Tlmnaiypieilaa TapnaeciilwcfaBAidefiiiiytlwbctlMbeendaB^d. 

Panama City (Reuter) — 
Panamanian government 
sources said yesterday that a 
request fin* a^lum by the 
de^sed Philippines Presi- 
dent, Mr Ferdinand Marcos, 
and his wife, Imelda, had been 

One source said that the 
Government would probably 
announce acceptance of the 
request for ‘'humanitarian 
reasons". The source nfrised 
to give any details and would 
not say when Mr Marcos 
might arrive from Hawaii or 
where he would stay in Pana- 
ma. He fled to Hawaii from 
Manila last month on a US 
mili tary plane. 

Radio Mtmdial reported 
earlier that the US was in- 
formed officially yesterday of 
Panama's decision to accept 
Mr Marcos, but cited no 
sources. US Embassy officials 
here deefined to comment 
Panama's refusal to com- 
ment on toe radio report 
added to speculation that Mr 
Marcos's request had already 
been accepted 

Reagan Administration of- 
ficials have said that Mr 
Mar^ is unhappy about the 
publicity he received in 
the American media over his 
methods of gaining great 
weahh for himself ana his 

In Washington, the State 

Department said that it had 
been in touch with several 
countries on Mr Marcos's 
behalf^ but would not confirm 
reports that these included 
Spain, which has already 
turned him down, Panama 
and Mexico. 

Mr Marcos himself could 
not be contacted, and the 
^cific Command said toe 
first official, word would prob- 
ably come from the State 

The new President of the 
Philippines, Mrs Corazon 
Aquino, has said that she will 
not ask for his extradition or 
object to his staying in the US. 

A Panamanian military 
source said >'esteTday: "If 
Marcos wants to buy Conta- 
dora, we'll sell it to him for 
SSO million (£30 million)." He 
was referring to Contadoia 
island, the resort on ibe 
l^ci& coast where the Shah 
of Iran took refuge m 1 9S0. 

Observers here have noted 
that Mr Marcos's wealth, 
more than humanitarian rea- 
sons, woiUd probabiy give him 
a ticket into imiaina. "Busi- 
ness is business," the military 
source said. 

kill mayor 

From Keith DahoB 

T Wantoi 

Communist rebels have am- 
bushed a Jeep in the northern 
Philippines, IdUing a inayor 
and his thiw security goaids 
in the fir^ politicai killizig by 
left-wing inmsgents since 
Pr^ent Aquino totfle power 
last month. 

In the southern port city of 

A source close to President 
del Valle of Panama said: "if 
he wants to come fam, he's 
goii^ to have to make some 
big investments." 

Sindona in 
coma after 
life term 

Milan (Reuter) — Midiele 
Sindona, the jailed Sdlian 
financier, is in intensive care 
in a anna and unfikely to 
recover, according to doctors. 
He was token to hoqiitol 
yesterday from his prison oelL 
Sindona, ^ed 65, was Jailed 
for life on Tuesday fo luviiu 
ordered toe mnrder in 1979 cn 
Signor Giei|jo Aminosoli, a 
bwyer appennted to wind np 
his failed Banco Mvate 

He was not in oomt when 
the sentence was hflndgH 
down, bnt later nave a teievi- 
skm int e r vi ew u vtoidi hb 
health appeared to be normaL 
Daring the last heariiQ at 
his trial, be was taken iU in 
conrt but qnickiy reoovmd. 

Sndona had previonsly 
been sentenced to 25 years* jau 
in tile United States fo firand 
after his Fkankiin Natkmal 
Bank collapsed. A Milan ccMiit 
sentenced tii«n to 15 years on 
similar charees affo the 1974 
failnre of Italian hanlnng 

At his latest trial, tiie 
p ros cc n tfo i said tiiat 
had wanM to rid himiMilf of 
Ambrosoll beca^ the lawyer 
oiqMsed his efiorts to gatoer 
political ^port fo a revival 
of hb Italian bnsiiiesses. 

in Dhaka 
poll march 

From Ahmed Fari 

At least 30,000 peojfie 
matched throu^ Dfaalm un- 
der a blazi^ sun yeste^y in 
protest a^inst the pariiamen- 
tary election called for April 
26 by the military ruler, 
Presicient Ershad. 

The demonstration, orga- 
nized by the opposition 15- 
party and seven-party 
alliances and the ftindamen- 
talist Jamaat-i-Isiami, de- 
manded the ending of martial 
law and General Ershad's 

Organizers said that the 
demonstration marked the 
ginning of three days of pro- 
test, which would eod with a 
countrywide general strike on 
Saturday ^ the day originally 
sec fo filing nominations for 
the polls. 

Marchers with party flags 
and banners chanted "Down 
with militaty rule" as thou- 
sands of poUtt in frill riot gear 
guarded the Ptesident's f^ce 
and roads. 

Zamboanga, 300 rebds o: 
New People's Army anaclted a 
military camp, killiitg 
people in a four-hour battie, 
the state news agency 

"We cannot allow innocent 
civilians and soldiers to be 
butchered," tiie Defemre Min- 
ister, Mr Juan Ponce Enrile, 
said after the Idning of his 
childhood friend, Mr Francis- 
co Badig, mayor of hb home 
town of Gonraga, in Cagayan 

After kOling Mr Badig and 
his escorts, toe rebdsset fire to 
toe Jeep before flying with 
rifles and a pistol taken from 
the dead men. 

The news agency gave few 
detaib of the Zamboanga 
attack, but said that the rebeb 
looted ibo camp, talei^ rifles 
and ammunition. It said more 
than 120 pecpie bad died in 
rebel attadcs m the past three 

The resurgence in attacks 
came as the armed forces 
chie^'fjeneral Fidd Ramos^ 
told militaty commanders 
tint no frinnal ceasefire was in 
force, despite efibrts by Mrs 
Aquino to seek a truce in the 
i7-yeu insurgency. 

Geiieral Ramos told {novm- 
cial commanders to "main- 
tain present troop strength 
and deployment of fbtees" 
emphasizing that . Mrs 
Aqidoo's. peace effots were 
"iro reason to relax our securi- 
ty posture". 

An unoffidat ceaisefiie es- 
tablished earlier tins month in 

central Luzon, north of Ma- 
nila, has been called off and 
military operations resumed. 

FM ASce BrialDto Cahd 

Preadeat Hbsni Mitoai^ 
Ifo ex pr e s s ed his comics 
sorrow over Wednesday 
nigh's attadt oa Isaeli dido* 
here and has said ffiaj 
Egypt s committed to peace 
and win work to imfndve 
relations - bdweeo the two 

. IsracTs Minister of Tom^ 
iem, Mr Ahraham StaiiT, aod 
tiie Isra^ Ambessa^- to 
Cairo, MrMosfae Sasson, niet 
Preadent Mubarak yesterday, 
reportedly ax hfr . Mubarak's 
request, m -tiie wake of the 
attedt which left one biadx 

^•01 awl Isiad have 
been strained over ** 


Ity a senes 

OB Isnelb in Egypt 
Last October as Rgypto 

bonfer poticemas opmd fire 

and killed seven Isara row- 

ists in Sinai- The Israou have 
been unhappy , at the ^yp- 
tians* ecpbnatipn anti han- 
dUng of the alfeir* 

Last August an Israeli dipt^ 
mat Mr Albert Aaaktpi, m 
ffrmtwai down id a res identi a l 
suburb Onto and 
women wfth hnn wm- is- 

woman deadand three other In jmie a snuhr 

Jsraelitoptoinais wounded. incideirt left another Israeli 
After toe - meeting. Mr 

Siarir ap|>eared gratified by 
the Egypw response and 
said that the incident would 
not damage refoions. "The 
President repeated many 
times in ourcemveEsation that 
•he is committed to the cause 
of peace aiul to cenrating that 
peace between- our two 
countries," he said, and add- 
eto "He will do ervetything in 
hb powerto move step^step 
so mat osr two countries can 
enj<^ peace and pfoqiertty in 
ouraiea." -• 

A group odling . itsrif 

<ji]riomat iqiured. . 

Roth on ihe disflo- 
T ftaw have been admitted ity 
BgmCi Revolution., but no 
one seems t o know just who 
its meuibers ara^ 

While some Westetn diplQ- 
txtas and Rgypthms have said 
are at a loss as to the 
identity -of the ptxip, they 
have also su gg eto 
may be badod by bazdline 
Arab elements opposed to 
Egypt's peace witii Iteael and 
the Camp David acoonL 

"Egypt’s Revotation", which ;T*hSS2 


d£ned that irwas behind the 
ambush of the four Israelb. 

ft happened at 7pm as tiie Munay w^V Reganta tj 
foin^were on ti^ wity home 
fiom the Cairo inteentkmal 

was no 

Trade Fair. 

Cairo radio yesterday 
quoted an umdenti&ed wit- 
ness as saying that two cars 
were inv^ed in the sbooimg: 
one Modeed the Isiadb' 

Uue Pei^otsB another J 
aloi^sideL Gunmen in the cars 
then opened fire with aoto- 
matic weqiotts. 

The tiiree wDsaded Isn^ 
wne flown out early yesfotiay 
rnmniiig on an foadi Air 
Force jet, but tiie body of Mr 
E tti Tal-Or was kept m Caho 
as.investigatkub Iv RgSPtian 

aiuborities got usKfo way< 

The anadc hap piaied vriiBe 
two Israeli ddqgdioBS me in 
Cairo cm feaoe<nie9duig fflisr 
sions. Relations b etween 

wmrtnMg there 

The Foreign Ministry 

^okesman here was at 

to~ dowo the pohtieal 

nfoB ctoi't SDore some* 
thmg ISee tbatTfo Slid. "But 
we won't allow 'sodi a mnrder 
to ixmarfoe with our desire to 
move ahead m- our-retaiKHis 
with the Egyptians." 

- The Egyptian Govettunetil, 
be- said, ms not bdund-lbe 
anack. and would do emy- 

titing possible to enrore such a 

As one 

piatt udiidlk indicate deariy 
wbkfa ehtoteity Uses them. 

Poodle and Porische 
set i^ims Ji^^cans 

■ FMJolinBest^Qtt^ - 

The United StetesFnihlitey. jot srfBcienay set back^fruw 
here b sfariSiq' inlbok Hte an the street 
Mplra nobody waitff to. hdGe ; Now the Americana have 
“w , ^ ■ - ■ . ejes-OB M3e Orde, a 

The Americans have been choice ^ece of parkland near 
lookhig for a new home for the edge of the Ottavra River 
yeats;evcraiBcetheGBQafiui and ovmcd by the NCC Bnt 
Goveniraent told toem tiiey the tzooUe with Ob locfetioa is 
vroald have to vacate the tout it abuts toe 
present enbaasy hdlhm in Fmk VSbge, an exchsm 

residential ae^bomhood 
Hffl. Tfo Nadonal . whose reatats fmd toe whole 
Capfol CoiHBrissfo wants loidieac xB eBdiitph Fd M t i fc rt i Jii i 

take over toe — rin^ aM. . . 

mediiSr ^ Ptys^ s^, ^ « mbacent 

. . neighbourhood of Manor 

hidadi^ a aqnue In dovrn- 
tovm 'Ottnwn and a 'lovely 

seen idond in asmon river in 
toe ae 

nmrti faitein part of.die 

dly. Bat in boto cases^ focal Anuaicans. 
aatoorities have snoceeded hi 
bfodefa^ aay dealk 
Anotimr focatini, onReasiex 
Drive not fiir fien FiaAaiaent 
Hm, was actnaDy accepted by 
cd fo seenrhy reasons — ft wts 

ons campa^i .afoed at dis- 
ydi n g toe firom fifting 
torbu^ vrito Rs tentative |daa 
to tBB over aboat 10 acres of 
MOe Acte’s 52 acres to tiw 


The country’s two largest 
opposition p^es yesterday 
had a writ diallcng ing an 
amendment of an dection law 
by General Ershad disallowed 
by the Supreme Court. 

Apart from 
stndl and wnlk 

readmits fear dwir 

lives wfll be disrupted^y aato 
US donottstralions which, 
tiwy contend, toe — »«fc— y 
would brii^ hilo todk nidsL 

Interest Rate Change 

Al^d Irish Banks pk announces that vnth e&ct 
. on 20* March. 1986 

Its Base Rate yvas decte^edfiom 12%% to 11%% p.a. 

Britain: 64/66 Coleman I ia-->p g , , .... _ 

and branch* -diiou^Mwt the countr^r 01-588 0691 

One track minds. Try diverting them Tinth die Illustrated London News. This month for instance, a probing ezaminatioh of Bzitain. Are vpe in dan 
a 4th rate nation? And a c^ebration supplement on 100 years of motoring beginning with Mercedes. Interesting features for a wide 




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Vll/2^ei Ai#f W ^ SundiQf Sir Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
I WV/Q^/\ yU^ Secretary,' arri)^ in Yugoslaviafor a two-day visit. In 


Secretary, ' arrives in Yugoslavia for a two-day visit. In 
thejirst of two articles Jtidurd Dowden reports from 
Belgrade on the country's politics six years qfier the 
death of Pr^deta TIuk 

The seareh for leadership 

^grade’s ‘cart’ is 
deep in the mire 
1 th nowhere to go 

That b n tU SaMn 
peuant oqrbr Oat V «ov 

^ 9ts stafin the mad fot 

Bad e aiew ttam at hones to 
pdl it ooti ETcntne b Yvt-' 
dam todq; faipi»« ^ ^to 
Coiiiasnlst . Gowett, ad-. 
Brito that tte amaliy b Oadc 

deep m the and: hat what Bdb 
naay peopte b that the aran 
tijiBg to pa it OBt b the same 

one that pM It ten b the fint 


At tte aaaei thne ttey adoit 
that then b no abaitotifo to 
the Leapae of ConuBBBbto, as 

the partjr b caDed here. The 
baane rail dahns 'particBlar 
bgrtimi i py from its paerriDa 
straggfe agaba Fasw ocGB* 
paibn dtoiap the Sednal 
WoiU Warr% was the only 
party which fcanbcd with the 
pao^ darbp Oe War,**' ooe 
tnriiirpnrl j ii ffi i b l T i rplai n d 

WUe Ocie are now my 
few aaripg at aaier pema- 
BMBt b«d‘ actoi^ 

foaM tte cooitry^ only 
otha political Arcs are cs- 
ecatblly narioBalbt fiidbBs. 

"NatbnaBaia b not jnst 
fidkbce b oar OBuatiy. There 
wooU be scnoos eoaseqaenoes 
froB aatioaalbt teaBboa. Fas' 
dsto already iHw an die 
aationalwt bsoes,** said rite 
party offidal, potfap out that 
97 Vi^ethT diploiiMti and 
cmBaas have been innnbat' 
ed by aatj-Oiinarahto b 
leeeat yeaito 

Efcn4hoBBh the poty.cM . 

draa, with, jasrifintbo, bat 
wiriirat it ttere waald be ao 
Y^odavia, msBy woold pobt 
oat that dto party b tabt^ if 
not obpled, by tfie my 
dhease nm wUdkitdabia to 
protact the eoenay- . 

Fewer b YapeOnla flea 
with parto oflkUb at r^ibfie; 
and proiaacial lev^ The.ox 
re p a h flea and two pn wi ace s 
ib hh toake vp be iedoarioa 
are eo Baponta b weahfa, 
c^ttie^ review aid atritode 

Mr MlkhliGr riupaten^ to 
resigD in-Jamtaiy. 

rinri their local parties sio^ 
reflect those dibna^ 

Oae: obs e rv er sOd: **Wban- 
meat 1 do not need to know hb 
name or iben he b from. 1 
know braedbCefy from be 
tone of bb ^eechibich areab 
btesestt lie b proteeriag.” 

The mtot aUe peofrie find 
they wbld more power at 
^ovbcbl level, and stay 
riiere. .la hb aficeptaaee 
speech b Jaaoary, Mr Bnako 
MSodic, be bconriag Prime 
Mnrista', breateaed to reaba 
if Che bea Cw be 

Federal ^venaa eat did not 

The 1974 Co iisti t ut b a trkd 
to ci^ wib be national 
^oblcm by bmlfiiip be syo- 
ttai aroimd oonaensas and by 
rotat^ senior ptM romd be 
coasritoent repedribs. *Tt b a 
Mt the EEC, hot wib 
twice -riie h orcama qr ead 
at toe miairiiiifly,*' said 

As lo^ as Uto was alive 
evayonc knew where power 
by, bol no one b c m e i gii ig 
whb riie penoaal anboritr to 
■nttp. toe nation. Many wooU ' 











say bat YaptobvbV present 
problems arise firem the 1974 
CoBstitiitbii, and caU ibr radW 
cal ' 

.'Ibemoat s er fa nsmaoifesto- 
tom b be dbiPosimiiiieat'of 
be Serbs. Yqgosbria cannot 
sm v i ve withoot be assent OT 
be Serbs, be brpest eiai^ 

b vbw of be lab of 
iiidividoal kaderslrip, howev- 
er, bere seems ao altoraative 
to be present systoa. Ba 
readiiiv conseasBS takes thae 
and does not always achieve 
bo best sotobui, parrioriady 
when tmqlh eco nomi c dcci- 
oras are needed. Decasbas 
wlridi me made are aoawtimes 
i at apreted .dttfetenfly b di^ 
fereat r^boa and be central 
Goveram^ belts be aibor* 

The bde (riaoriiority makes 
dw system very open and the 
bsaes are dboBsed freOy 
batde and the party. 

{rooicaOy ft b t^en be byal 
party men who defrad be 
system, wbfle die ‘^dbridento** 
calUbr stroagrr g ev enim eat 

Belgrade Usteas to what b 
said in Moscow bat has nem 
dominated by the Sovbt 
tfiiioa shioe Uto brbe away 
from Stttb in 1948. Non- 
aliraed Yngoslavia votes 
apaiaa the Sovbt Uakm om 
Afghaabtaa and nauna Vbt' 
asm om Cambodb at be 
Unitod Narioas, and the Sn^ 
«»•■** rnmpbfa aboet thb at 
every opportairity. 

Yagoslaria b die worUb 
masa free Ce mmrab t stote, 
bat it rettins aa armuary of 
l ep r ess iv c measorcs agaba 
dnse iriu attack dm system. 

**Newsp 4 pen here cai^ 
an •WfcCv f '—' line, 
DOT can bere he any qp?stioB- 
b^ of be bnric bets, bnt bere 
enn be n iitrhu i of concrete 
phenomenn; for example, om 
wioialy-^aeed mvestuieut,** 
srid the paiY idBcbL 
' The kvdi of aknniDe varies 
frmn area to area. Bosmi aad 
Croatia are be mba repres- 
sive, Stovcob and Scibb dte 
moa CberaL At present bere 
are aboot 2AK)6 political pib- 
rwees, most of tfaein hdd b 
oonnecthm irib be tumbles b 
Kosovoi, irimre 15 million 
Albanians are stoadity over- 
whebung be Serbs, who are 
leaving dm area at bo rate of 

The Serbs btfeve bat be 
Maslim Albanbns are fbrdag 
bcir frilow Serbs oat <rf be 
Ibbiriace of tim medieval 
■ Serbbtt renabsance. It b holy 
. bmd to dieai, and fccli^ are 
beginnii^ to ran very higli. 

Tomorrow: Eoonomb criris. 






ftom iVbrio Modbno 

Britab is lagmg Greece and 
Turicey to open an ‘‘across- 
the^xnuxT' d^omatic dis- 
kipim io an ef^ to resolve 
the Cyprus crisis and to 
restore Nato unity in the 

w Geoffrey Howe, the 
Fore^ Secretary, arrived 
here last night and is expected 
to put Britain's argument to 
Mr Andreas Papaiwreou, the 
Giedc Prime Minister, at a 
meeting in his country house 
at Kastri this morning. 

The British view was ex- 
iriained to a fruily receptive 
Mr Tuigut OzaL toe Turidsh 
Prime Minister, when he visit- 
ed London in mid-February. 

Brhab regards new propos- 
ab for Cyprus to be submitted 
sfutftly Senor Javmr P£rez 
de Cndlar, the UN Seeretary- 
General, as a bst chance. Its 
view b shared by the US. 

In Western eaphab, howev- 
er, there is a stroog sumcion 
that Mr Fapandreoo meUed 
the neretive attitude of the 
Greek Cypriot leaden during 
eariier efforts fora setUemeoL 

This view was reinforced 
vdien Mr Papandreou ex- 
pressed scepticism about Se- 
oor Perez de Cuellar’s 
nDtiative, which, he said, 
would be a waste tri* time 
unless it met two craditions: 
first, that Turkib troops with- 
draw from C^irus before the 
inmlementation of a federal 
sedwn; ami secondly, that 
Turi^ sltould have DO unibt- 
eral intervention rights in the 

The British poritkm now b 
that these contentious propos- 
ab should be resolved by 
dfrect Greek-Tnrkish nego- 

Britain believes that dia- 
bspie would also help to 
dimihate bilateral points of 
friction whib have disrupted 
NatO plawning gy the 


‘’We want to see a stroi^ 
and efibetive defeoce in 
Nato's south-eastern flgTik,* * a 
senior British diplomat said. 
’’Until there b a more stable 
idationship between Gre » 
and Turitey, this will not be 

A cruda! problem b wheth- 
er under existing treaties ibe 
Greek island orLemn os, at tbe 
moub of the Dardanelles, can 
be milnarized. The Greeks 
maintum fr can, and tbe Turks 
insia it cannot 

Giem b boycotting all 
Nato manoeuvres in the Aege- 
an untfi Nato accepts ito view 
by incoipoiating the island in 
die exercises. The alHance has 
' urged tbe two sides to son out 
tbeproUem bilatere^. 

Su- Geoffrey's visit here b 
the first bUat^ c^dal visit 
by a ftitbb Foreign Secretary 
anoe ^ Anthony Eden's in 

He win find die one-time 
DODOoofoniust Mr Pbpand- 
teou much mellowed by hb 
coimera over G reec e 's eco- 
nomic and defence problems. 

• Ttnldsb troops are present in 
nonliers Criirus, not Gie^ 
tnxips, as suied yesteniay. 

Japau wius ‘right’ to vet textbooks 

i i' ^ ^ 

FVom David Watts 
Tokyo - 

Tbe Tokyo IC^ Cbuit has 
coafrnned that the Japanese 
Goveriunent 'has the nght to 
d frM ** dm content of sdtool 
textbooks. Tbe dedaon will 
strengthen tbe nevbionbt. 
mood in teaching Second 
World War hbtoiy. . 
Tfaernlh^wasoQa l2^^eaF- 

old anpeal that rerision of 
school textbooks by the Edo-' 
cation Ministry was uncons^ 
tntional an abuse of 
dberetionary powers. 

In 1974 tbe Tokyo district 
court d]A^ the ministry's 
Tight ro intervene in the 
compilatiQn <d textbooks, but . 
found it had gone too frir by 

malcfng PfOteSSOT SabUTO 

lenaga rewrite pi^ of a book 
before lesubmittiiig h. It 
dered the state to pay him 

100,000 yen (now about £388) 

in riamag K- 

Thb. week’s ruling over- 
turned those findinji^ and 
turned down the cbim for 
damages. It was wetanned 
immediately by Mr Yasufairo 
Nakasone, the Prime Minb- 
ten who said be had oever 
beUeved the imnistiy had 
act^ unconstitutionally. 

The ruling backs Mr 
NaJmsone’s campaign for Ja- 
pan to rid itself of some of the- 
influences of its American- 
impe^ Constitmion ^ be- 
come more nationalistic 

Tbe case oiigiiially arose 
over tbe Rdection of a history 
text submitted by Professor 
now retired fixnn the 
Tokyo University of Educa- 
tion, for tbe academic year 
1962. Tbe book was accepted 

Che following year after Ite had 


revised some of hb leferenoes 
to foe War, 

Since tbra be has been 
fig hii^ a campaign oo history 
teadiiiig in Ja{»nese 
His camiragn blew up into a 
fol^matic confrontation with 
^ufo Korea and China in 
198^ when it was reported 
that the ministry had oidered 
textbook writers to describe 
Japan's invasion of China as 
an ‘’advance'*. 

Afost Japanese schools 
teadi an anodyne version of 
foe War which says little about 
events before Harbour. 
Professor lenaga has always 
insisted that tiie Japanese 
should look at foe War in tbe 
longer p e isp re ti ve and irard 
its real b^bining as 1931, 
when the Japanese Army 
moved into Chuia. 

Judge Kiyofoi Suzuld yes- 
terday said that foe Govero- 

. Major 

disposal AUCTION 

of several hundred exceiitionally 
ffaie and meefium quaitK handmade 


■ mgsandruimeis... 

”^SSjNDAY. 23 rd MARCH AT 3 PM 
Vlewii^ frem* 


' - , i4«MfiJ^BomiStreet. Londbnvn. %l;OHS3«7ft 

ment was empowered by the 
Constinilion to impilement an 
appiropriatt education polir^ 
and to intervene in what is 
in classrooms to an 
extent h deems necessary and 
reasonable. Screening text- 
books was neither a viobtioo 
of freedo m of speedi nor of 
education law. 

Professor leni^ a frail 
figure who has two other cases 
in the courts, said after foe 
heai^ that hb involvement 
in history teaching had taught 
turn to take tbe long-ttnn 
p e i^ iec ti ve. 

•*Thoa^ I r^ret the ruling, 
1 don't ml h has nulhfira 
everything that I have been 
wofking for so fer. What 
concerns me b that tlte court 
has virtually abandoned its 
role as foe pnime judicial force 
the watchdog of tbe rule of 

Teachers are 
sacked after 
boy's suidde 

Tokyo — Three Tokyo ju- 
nior high school teachers have 
been dbchaiged by the Board 
of Education after one of t^r 
students committed suicide. 
In tte fiik ose of its kind 
three other teachers were dis- 
dpliitod (David Watts writes). 

The teacher in charge of 
Hirofruni Shikagawa's sec- 
ond-year class actually drafted 
foe ^ogy for a mock funeral 
which bullies at the school 
sia^ for the boy. who 
han^ hjjssdf in November. 

Two of the three other 
teachers who sigsed the eulo- 
gy had their pay cut aod the 
third was reprimanded. They 
are also to have a year's 
^}ecia] training. 

A nationwide Ministry of 
Education sorvey of tbe bully- 
ing nobfem between April 
aim October last year found 
that 155,066 cases of bullyug 
bad been reported at 39,415 


■ Oftioe Automation Equipment I ' 

I 1986 i 


I Irrtergroup Finance i 

1985 i 


Medhral Equipment 

1981 j 


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I 1981 / ; 

On the 1st January, we opened computers and telephone systems, 
our sixth company in the UK. Which means we manufacture 

It's called Toshiba Information and supply electric and electronic equip- 
Systems. ment for the home, for the office, for 

We’ve set it up to market, distrib- hospitals and for industry. And some of 
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Office Automation i^Touch withTomonow as you can see. 

equipment On '"^'''@^llyec|uippecl 

Such as g^B g^SBraaE8 #m to keep the UK 
photocopiers, micro ■ switched on. 

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In 1 


is a 








It 1 



















































The Social Democratic Party is five years 
old next week; has it broken the mould of 
British politics? Alan Franks reports from a 
town where it has achieved its aim of a 
radical change in voting patterns 

A s new towns go, 
Stevenage is tbe oldesL It 
lodges in a once rural 
rump of Hertfordsbire, 
35 itiiles to the north of the capital 
whose overspill it was design^ to 

Thirty years after its construc- 
tion it seems as dated as only 
newish things can be - a sprawl of 
housi^estatesand industtial sites 
radiating outwards from a core 
which was once a small country 
town of 7.000 residents. Today tbe 
population is more than seven 
times that number. 

Stevenage is now high up tbe 
SDFs shopping list of parliamen- 
tary constituencies, together with 
such targets as Swindon, Cardiff 
North, Blyth Valley and 
Exeter.aad in its shiftily drangra- 
phy can be charted the wider story 
of the new party's national 

For this is an area which, no less 
than British politics, finds itself in 
a state of transition. Tbe indus- 
tries that came in the 19S0s have 
thinned out — many of them are 
sul^diaries of large roanuftemr- 
ing companies — and unemploy- 
ment now stands at 12.6 per cent, 
one third higher than the average 
for south-east England and neariy 
twice the overall rate for 

But as the traditional employers 
have receded — Kodak. Bowater, 
Mentroore Industrial — so the 
newer on« arrive; fai-teefa buri- 
nesses. distribution centres, com- 
puter firms. All the while British 
Aerospace acts as the bedrock of 
tbe local wage economy: 7.200 
jobs turning out tbe Rapier and 
Seawolf at the guided weapons 
division, 3.000 at the dynamics 
division, and a further 8,000 over 
at the aircraft &ctory in Hatfield. 

Like Barrow in Cumbria, with 
its similar reliance on the Trident 
pTQgr^me at Vidreis, Stevenage 
finds itself at the core of the two 
great national preoccupations of 
defence and emplojroeni. At the 
last general election it was 
Labour's unilateralism, as much 
as the presence of an SDP candi- 
date, which helped to slash the 
Labour vote to 12,673 and bring 
tbe new party's candidate to 
within less thw ZOOO of the 
Conservative MP, Tim Wood 

Tliis makes Stevenage into the 
SDFs fourth most marginal seat 
with a Tory majority, and 
prompts the party's pn»peciive 
parliamentary candidate Ben 
Stonebam to say of the next 
e]ection:**If I don't win then, we 
may as well give up.” 

*rhere have been other major 
forces in play to bring about a 
change in the character of the 
town. By 1985 the numb^ of 
houses in private ownership had 
risen to 13,151 (47 per cent of total 
stock) from its 1 98 1 figure of 9,6M 
(33 i^r cent). In other worc^ a 
new town commissioned under 
Attlee has been partly gentrified 
under Thatcher, with ^ the usual 
features like bow windows and 

brass door knockers to betoken an 
upward shift. 

Meanwhile the daily migration 
southwards by computers has 
been climbing steadily, so that 
today the main line station has 
become to Kings Cross as Watford 
is to Euston. 

Neither the town nor the outly- 
ing vUlages which make up the rest 
of the parii^enta^ constituency 
harbour serious gripes about traf- 
fic or roads. Thanks to the 
comparatively new infrastructure 
of the region, there is neither too 
much of tbe first nor too few of the 
second. As with many housing' 
estates built subsequently across 
the northern belt of London’s 
countryside, the main complaint 
is that the planners lacked pre- 
science when they left out the 

B^use of its anxieties about 
the impact of falling rolls on 
second^ education, the condi- 
tion of tire first wave of ageing 
council homes and the day care 
provision for an increasingly el- 
derly population, Steven^ with 
its air of classlessness, comes as 
near to being a classic example of 
ibe SDP target seat as any in tbe 
country. It is above ^ a natural 
for the community politician. 

?*-■' ie- ^ 


W ' 


. ••• ■■ 

M i' . 

New towB «f feoR Stevenage Social Democrats (from left to right) Edward Sprigga, executive manba; B ria ir w^ .Lrfiamt .ricfriAaiBnim^^ 
T WfBia-oitoj «*airin«n nf the area SDK and iBo s pect i veDariiameirtary candidate B|mStopclianLflteiBiB a ii i i by JrimTuribcfs) 

I f the ixuiy has transformed 
the politics of the constituen- 
cy into a genuinely three-way 
proposition (given Labour’s 
national ressurgence), it must also 
own up to certain hereditary 
privil^es, notably tbe so-called 
Shiriey Factor. For Mrs Williams, 
now president of the party, was the 
Labour member for the old seat of 
Hertford and Stevenage from 
1 974 until defeat^ five years later 
by the Conservative Petrie Bowen 
Wells, with the narrowest of 

Many members of the 
Stevenage SDP are defectors fit>m 
Labour who, like Mrs Williams, 
became dissaffecied with the rise 
of the hard left during the late 
1970s and 1980s. There is thus a 
sense of having made the journey 
in good Mmpany. 

Perhaps the most pri^ of these 
new centrists is Mr Philip Ireton. a 
redoubtable 82-year-Qld who can 
trace his family back 250 years in . 
Stevenage, and who resigned fi'om 
the Labour Party in 1 979, one year 
after being presented with a 
certificate to honour his 60 years 
of membership. Having been 
Labour’s first chairman of the 
county council as well as the only 
person to belong to the Stevens^ 
Development Corporation for the 
full 33 ye^ of its life from its 
inception in 1946. he represents 
for the local SDP a ready-made 
elder statesman. 

’’Eight years ago”, he recalls,”! 
was warning Labour that there 
were prospects ahead, but 
they didn’t seem to take any 
Dotioe. At the end of 1 979 1 didn^ 
renew my membership, and later 
responded to an advertisement for 
the SDP shortly before its 


The origiiial Limehonse gai^ of four: Bill Roi^as, Shiriey WDliams, Soy Jrahms and Dr Darid Owen 

the first decbiTe xrilyhtt eaS ior 
die creadM of (he Sodd Deae- 
cratic Fhrty cne ia Novenber 
1979 when hfr Boy JcaUiB, then 
Tedrhis Pnsideiit of die Earapean 
Cemnnssfbtt. amk a ip ee ch cafi- 
h^ for a new Eadical oedre in 
Biit^pdfidcs. ‘ 

On Jaiinaty 25, 1981« dre *%BnB 
oi foar** - Buy Jealdns, Dr David 
Owen, Sfahiey Wafiann and Mr. 
. WIBan Bodgen. - aB firnwr 
Labonr CalBMt Mhdsten, issMd 
die *liadiowe Dedacaden'" re- 
jecting Labonr pofides. and nn- 
Boun^g |daas-fi>E n.Chncfi te 
Sodal Deonaacy- 

Hie SDP was laa nche d . en 
Mardi 26, 1981, widi by .leaddas 
as leadet asd the Saunedtate 
s&vpart of 13 MPs fiMn- Oe 
Lahoor camp. 

Three by-decdous - tte riefeery 

at Cro^ of Siirhy WiIBBias,.lhe 

first MP elected in die SDP cane, 

and oovaer nnrvew 

defiett at W atih i g te n and Us 
t Pcceas s X Hnrh i sil, (<l■ fl lln^ d t>e 
war^^ Boliliesi saMunee, hefoi* 
' tte FiIubmIs War saviiwd Too' 
fuiisopj ; 

TV SDPweat UtedheOaiinl 
Elkdeiiof Jin|e.9l^.l983i wi(h.29 
■cofs, hot carac oil whh eUy she. 
aMn^ the ASence won a 
garter flf tte MdanUreftL 
ley WWIeM WIBiihii Bhdgfirr 
' were boa sot Boy denite inune- 
dfase^ annnancai U -be wwold 
steni dow n ns jfa d rr, and Bnrid 
' won. ikdkA kadar ' ■ 

-tlie sned the first 
Affiance iMieeriHi enttcas of Ae 
new jarTiwntiir. at PbtlsnibnA 
Sonttia.Aiie 19^ Last oMOlh 
the oplBloa psfls ;sloiwwd 'the 
Affiancefo second pfaioe wl^ 33,4 

• -53* ■- 

■ft*'""' ■*’. 


■ In one respect, howerver, 
Stevenage is atypical of the nation- 
al pattern: in 1981, when the party 
was launched two months aft^ tbe 
Limehouse Declaration by the 
Gang of Four, it attracted an 
initial membership of 51,000, 
rising to 70,0()0 in eariy 198Z only 
to ikll in the wake of the Falklands 
war and level off again to its 
present 53,000. Locally it has 
expanded from the 70 who attend- 
ed the inaugural meeting in June 
1 98 1 at Stevem^ leisure centre to 
a current high of SIS, compared 
with Labour’s 8(X) and the 
Conservative's 700. 

Two other factors bear the 
unmistakeabie hallmarks of the 
image which the SDP is at pains to 
project to tbe country; first, the 
flood of newsletters throu^ the 
doors of the town and its environs, 
full of community sentiments and 
tbe caring noises of the lib^ 

middle dass; second, the style and 
backgroond of the two pivotal 
figures in the party’s pu^ for 
hearts, minds, money and votes. 

Mr Peter Metcalfe, the area 
party chairman, is meeting in- 
formation manager at Bomter 
Containers in Ditcfamore Lane. 
He is a former Labour activist, 
with years of experience as a jxaity 
manager and election organizer, 
like Ireton, his membership dates 
from Limehouse. He b^ tbe 

town is moresofidly Labour than' 
die edge^ but the older ones there 
are starting to die off ” 

He reckons that in Stevenage 
about halfthemembris arefiDow 
defectors from Labour, 20 per cent 
from tbe Tories, and die remain- 
der, in his words, "political 

measured infonnaliw typical of 
SDP man. talks of Jenkins as 

T he p r ospective candidate, 
Ben Stonebam, is anodier 
embodiment of the mid- 
dle way — young (37X 
Cambridge-educated and, again, a 
communicator, working as ah 
industrial relations executive with 
the Portsmouth and Sunderland 
newspaper group. He also contest- 
ed Saf^n Walden for Labour in 
1979, and at the by^tiectioif there 
two years earlier. 

Apart from the Shiriey Factor, 
Stoneham identifies two main 
reasons for the apparent viability 

SDP man, talks of Jenkins as 
”Woy”, enjoys his food, and does 
an alpha-minus imitation of To^ 

”We’ve dripped away ax tbe 
Labour vote in tbe town and I 
doubt whether it will come bade”, 
he say& ”I suppose it keeps what 
you might call the armpit vote, 
that is many of the old people and 
unemirioyed. The middle of the 

of the SDP or this neck of the 
woods.”Ftis;, I foirik that we have 
shoum what can be done Wh an 
effective organization at grpimd 
levd, and a lot oftiiai: mtmhe put 
down to Peter Metcalfe. We hm 
now got to tbe position at vritioh 
peoi^e realize itm to osa frw us is 
not to wastca vote on-a party wifo 
a sbc»t life expectancy. 

”SecondIy, the dass and age 
structure of the pcqxUon is 
fayouiaUe. My experiencfr in 
other towns- constitnencres 
has been thal you can osually- 
divide the place into mas and say: 
/‘^is part will vote tiiis w^ a^ 
that jnit will vote tl^ way*,'aiid- 
s6 on. Here^-that is-simp^ not t&e 

More significant 'still' must be 
the party’s sbiowirrg in the elec- 
tions at borough and epua^ le^~ 
over the past tvro years. Fm’ with 

' htdTof tte: lO'/^iamceoDuiiciflcirs 
now aii (HKT-town hall' as the 
6 {g>oshtoQ to Lifobnr's 26-strin4 
group, the SI^'hBsni^ inirbeds 
iraditKmridomraaiice of 
the- ruibig .party. And since the 
Heitfottbhae coundl dections 
last yirar they ooa^fourof tbe 14 
AlUarice sous. 'vritir Labour art 27 
and the ConsRvatxves at 36. 

Ax the iaoer they even mruiaged 
to poll the secondfriritest mimber 
(ff votes aldiougb there is no 

great evidence , oret of whiniire 
about die-iraquilies of-whhbola- 
is^ pe^xirtic^ :-v^eseaiaxiori 
the nation. For die time 
.beingrin.Steven^ ax the SDFs 
tiny xiew offices in the High Street, 

' PR stands fiH'put^remons, and 
the' 'little army "of volunteera 
beavers with an the puUie 
ardour cf . the convert — or the 
pn'vate enthusiasm of the recent 
■viigiiL , • ~ 



The weekend starts here 

Playing safe with fortunes 


Uncle Oscar’s day 

The wortd’s tongest limoiisuie line rolls np to 
die door of the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion next 
week in downtown Los Angeles, delivering onto 
the red carpet file has-been, wonld-be and 
aboDt-to-be winners of the 58th Academy 
Awards, Hollywood’s most glittering prizes, 
otherwise known as tbe Oscars (repift^y 
named after somebody’s ancle). The Times 
looks behind the scenes at the in fightings f^nt- 
stabbing a^ back-biting as the film world’s 
glitterati fight tor the tomons statuette 

If Hongkong's new Stodi 
Exchange booms after it opetrs 
on April Z the cluuices are it 
will ril be pet down to fipig 
sbai (wind and water), an 
ancient Chinese priodple 
which holds that if bitikiiii^ 
fhmitnre, roads and important 
works are placed in harmony 
with natm^ and with each 
odier, they will bring good 
fortime. If not, terriUe tltings 
can happen. 

The Stock F.ypiwHgft wQi be 
honsed in the base of Ex- 
change Sqnare, me of the 
newest, most expeasiTe, most 
beantifril and tedmoiogjcaily 
advanced skyscraper cwnplex- 
» in tbe world — d^ned to 
conriy with 4,000 year-old 
snpostitions. The developers, 
tile Hongkong land Compa- 
ny, know tiiat yon ignore Axg 
sbai m yonr poiL 

So from the drawing board 

throi^h to tbe fittii^mit of 
tbe iSSO miiHmi complox ci 
1.5 million sq ft on the 
waterfront in prestigiOBs oei^ 
tral Hnn gfcniy (bey gongnhgd 

professional JSng sbai experts, 
who enjoy die statns and 
income ^ top snraoons. 

Mirrors, for nstanoe are 
often used to ddlect bad 
spirits, since they are so ngly 
that they cannot bear to look 
at rtiemselves. 

The highly-respected Far 
Easten Eeonunie Renew re- 
arranged their offices on ex- 
pert advice after mie staff 
membo' drowned, two ewre- 
spondento were arrest and 
others feD tidL AU Is now 

The Hongkong Land Con- 
paoy were told timt 
Exchange Sqnare plans, by 
Swiss arditect Bono Riva, 
had good fiiag sbiL The 52- 

storey ^ass and pink granite 
donble tower Mode had its 
back to the monntaiiis for 
protection (hQls are believed to 
be dragoBsX and so that good 
fortime conld roll towards it — 
and Its fitoe to the water. The 
towers were enrved towards 
earii otho* like a man leadung 
his ams ont to collect money. 
A window was inserted into 
the rotnnda of (he Stock 
Exchange, bdow so flie money 
could pour dovm on to 

WhethorRiva^ chidce of 
materials was mainly supersti- 
tions or aesttetic is not cl^, 
bnt the srimws. polished steel 
and ^ass eteryi^aro make 
the bnOdiiQ seem anextensioB 
(rf Ae watm and sky. The 
efltet is breatetaking. Corners 
pmnthv at yon are bad new^ 
in die bnild^ teey have been 
roimded off^or extended into 

partitions or enrved wor ktop s. 
Is it all nonsense? For Oree 
years, daring whid its foi^ 
tones were nt an alarming low; 
and -Anglo-Chinese' *«>ire on 
the fritme vrere going badly, 
Hongkong Land went' 
determiadedly ahead with the 
bnfldingJ4ow Oe ffim’s foc^j 
tones are joaii^ agafn ^uid 73 
per o»t of tile oiBce apact- is. 
already let far b^nd toe 
target Nobody toere has a 
word to say agalnstySmgxteb 

I Matnieniiioe(6) 

5 Sbdl&shMiup(6> 

8 ^(3) . 

9 SiirfroeIiyer(6) 

M Ribbon piistafO. . 
H -Sattrica!siBidi(4)' 
12 Gerinin hoorewife 

14 ViWinsiKt<6) :' ' 


19 Roandheidtbe (8) 
22 'RdigioiBact(4) - 
24- Reprosed (4,2) 

25 Ddicaie(6) . . 

2S Insulaie easily (3) 

27 Sii»eiily(6) 

28 Arctic d««Ber (6) 


ainn anniaBna 

■ ■ ■ ■ 
siiaaBian BaaBaa 
a a a a 



Patrida dough 


fri the article ”Silk purses fed 
the pinch” Spectrum, Much 
1 2) Nigd Frostick*s name was . 
incorrectly spelt. In addition, 
he did not .as we suggested, 
specify his income,. 


2 Prsctiadjolce(S) 

3 5eiitfbirtb(7) 

4 Gsnie stealer (7) 

5 Major SAfraa tribe 13 Unhappy <3) 18 Rig frame (7)' 


7 Dkcaitl knowlette .IdSnakeOcetefS) 21 ° 

^ ■ ITOmaiifT) 33 Indian pde (5) 


ACRQ^l 1 Confectioneiy '9Ram lOAitwi mi.^.. 

tum' leCIaner 19 Mmhi 2 i ,v 13 Ena- 

t8 Risfreine(7) 

20 t^nmuiiion laUe 

21 Siigge»(5) 

23 Indian pde (5) 

for Easter 
leg of Iamb 

The best 
of British 

tum WOaner 19 mW 

DOWN: 1 Acorns ' sgSm" jffiSwt JSrS 

.. | -fai J/fK? » tSfcb’ ' 

VV nV* h ci o av/ov, h®!" 

SeGadem; 21Tniani S 

scoop 6Re. 
Xo.Oammy 17 Aft 

£42,000 to be won 

Can you always get you r copy of The Times? 

Newsagent, riease deliverAave me a copy of The Timas 




sSi*-**" \i \i V 

U Kic 


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of true minds 

' Nearly half the 
workme population 
is femate. But how 
many cOmp^ on 
equal terms with 
their partners? 
Alison Miller tklks 
to three couples who 
mix competition 
wth compatibility 

iBOiessugly, women are 
mainriiv men in the same 
pnieeaion. Uhtthow do Aqr 
lOGondlemanriaee wiA cqnal- 
of ovw oiiportiBU^; 
a; nan Iim: to' feel yttj' 
sccHR to'aBowhto wifeto be as 
siKoessfnL or more, than him- 
lelt Maiqrargtimeatt between 
OHtoles we really an OIbs^ 
tine ef wremcions eompeti> 
tion betirecn' .'each othm. . If 
they are dMtoctinsontside the 
nmEriage -ftr the benefit of dm 
funay, a m^ wdl mean a 
betteK-rdatieiish^aHd a h^ ■ 


Rdhert Mend' : Bhdna ' 
K a poport^. who wrote a book 
abontdnri-aneerfiHriHrti, be- • 
Here Oat the aenenl ethos at 
the moment a against snch 
couples. Robert Rapopoct 
says: *H3nr view is that eontoc> 
titionisanaspcctorthecoapic - 
rehtfionship wldA, If not rec- 
egtdzed and dealt widi, ooald 
be tranbkromc. A lot of 
cboides are in rdated predes- 
eions becanee Aey meet tadk 
otoer In die coarse of toeir 
trainh^ and th^ hare a groat 
deal to cotmnon.Tliey also - 
hare a potential fbr confllcC, 
but if a a r e cog n is ed , a can be'- 



T*- , r 


. * 'I l l u- 


T im Scon, 36, and 
Oare Renton, 35, are 
barristers practising 
common law from 
the chambers where they first 
met, six years ago. ■ They 
operate individually in an 
open competition, but tl^ 
can only do it, they say, with 
the support of a nanny (for 
their three chiidren, all ^ed 
under three), clerk, and each 

Tim describes their profes- 
sion^ cooperation as an ex- 
tension of the spirit between 
members of the same cham- 
bers. But it is a cooperation 
they protect. 

“B^ore we married we were 
once against each other in a 
case**, be says, ‘There was no 
problem, because the case 
settled, as so trumy do. But we 
decided we couldn’t allow it to 
happen ^ain because not only 
do we do the same work but 
we aiw^ work in the same 
geographic area, so solicitors 
instnia us botb. In four years 
the situation hasn’t arisen 
a^n. “If by some gha^ 
migfgfc^ we did act against 
each other we would probably 
compensate ^ becoming 
highly aggressive about the 
case so as not to be seen in 
collusion. That’s a good rea- 
son not to do it 
*The terminology used 
among barristers is a combat- 
ive one. You talk of a case 
fighting or not fitting; you | 
talk of a good win, of the other | 
side throwing in the towel. ' 
Claie and I live with each 
other’s difficult cases. Our 
'successes are each other's 
successes, are causes for 
common triumph.” 

It seems a haid world fbr the 
mother — and father — of 
three very small diildren to go 
back to so soon after the biitt 
of the latest baby. But it is an 
adjustment for which the 
Scons seem to have allow^ 
Gare is returning to the Bar 
next week because two cases 
she has been nursing for a long 
time are coming up. 

Maintaining a position as a 
successful female barrister is 
not for the &int-hearted. She 
says: ”Practically every one of 
our generation at the Bar has 
children. It certainly can be 
done and worics rather well. I 
had my first child at 32 and I 
ihtnjc It would be difficult to 
stay at home, partly because 
one's knowlec^ so quickly 
becomes obsolete. 

“Nobody becomes a barris- 
ter unless she is competitive — 
barristers have to want to 

Clare ^tentoii and Tim. Scott: *9ncCically every one of onr generadon at the Bar has diildren* 

, ' 'Js'i Apf 

* .'jl. J 




Mwimim T ipwiMY , J gwwy Agfamyd* Mntaal gnppMt John Hardy, Anna Swners Codcs: No career clash 

M alcolm Lennox. 

3^ and Jenny 
.Ackroyd, 3S« both 
seniorr^istr^ in 
general snigery — he specializ- 
ing in neurology at the West- 
minster , she in vasen^ 
surgery at St Thomas's 

Uolflce others in this hody 
competitive area of medicine, 
Lennox and Adcroyd are mar- 
ried to eadi other, havea four- 
yar-old dao|hter and would 
like more dukben. They are 
qn aniim^.. couf^ eadi 
cheerfully intemiptmgrF.the 
Ollier, determined tCr be con* 
suitants and recognizing that 
ahbou^ Jenny has ihe'.more 
paper qaalifications she 
was first woman master of 
surgery at Cambridge and the 
first woman registrar in gener- 
al surgery at & Thomas’s t 
M alcolm has managed to get 

Although they came to Lon- 
don as r^jstrars at the same 
time, Jenny, went full-tilt into, 
the male enclave of St 
Thomas’s and found hersdf 
among ei^i or nine equally 
weli-qualified male surgeons 

jetting his senior r^istrai's 
job — the key to consultan- 
cy — two years earlier, be- 
cause he was the “tocal boy”. ; 

Jenny had to take a two-year 
break, during which time she 
did research into vein valves, 
wrote, her thesis and had 
Sopide b^re getting her se- 
nior registiv job at St 
Thomas's Ian June. 

She says: ”If you ask me 
wbax is the sin^ most impor- 
tant ^ihg to a woman suc- 
ceeding in her career, I would 
say it was lier busb^d. Fve 
seen oth^ people come to 
grief because of the people 
fhey.hhve inafried.1 remem- 
ber one woman being .tele- 
phoned by . her husband m the 
middle of an emergency 
operadbiLhe. wanted to know 
where the bread was. 

“There were -times when 1 
was aj:q)Iying for senior 
registnr^ips that I thou^t I 
was being stubborn or stupid. 
Malcolm was always very 
good and fold the to get oii. 
with it I think if I had not had 
that kind of support it would 
have been very difficult to 
carry on.” . 

. The days when successfhl 
women in mainline surgery 

consultant, one of only six in TUB~irBBDCQe 

general surgery in the country 1 HE IvEErEKo 
(there are over 900 mcnX as -w«L ullil! Ix 
the ultimate success. T ?“ 

-CK- I Anna Somers Codes, 35, 

She I are assistant keepers at 

jjich IS ah^^uiH ^ Victoria and^bert 
heardof; ^^cota, Md Museum, and the parents of 
the story tot whOT riw iwo smaU children, ^en we 
waslastaslo^whytowad^ ju ^e canteen, I was 

a move she replied: _ Pm technically senior to John”, 
f^wing my ^ “ “ says AnoZ “He was a research 

goodshecanaflbrdtobetoi ajiistant and I had very 

honest . a. , fieakily been appointed an 

For the r^il k a haia^ assistant keeper straight after 

between white lies and tai- 
lored truth. “Women must 
never say, for instance, that 
th^ are going .,fo to 
hairdresser,” . says Jenny. 

doing my masters in history of 
art at the Courtauld Institute. 

“John was made assistant 
keeper about 18 months' later 

“Even though ifsaU right for and w have leraainMeq^ 
men to go to to baibCT, you eversincfc Wc^noireallym 

l^s^. Malcotolazided on . nature^ seems for ^ 
at to .Westminster, Jenny sees becommg a female 

have to be ’going to get to car 
fixetT, or *10 sec your 
accountant’. . 

“But it's worth it — tore is 
no doubt that one gets a 
tremendous kick out of a 
succeBfril kidney transplant, 
fiw examine”. 

Adds Malcolm: “General 
surgery is Ito gambling it’s all 
hi ghs and lows. Sometimes we 
imi ^ be as hi£h as a kite fix>m 
a successful operation, but 
ton .tore are tunes when we 
have had a nasty case with 
somebody dying. Lucidly we 
don't tend to both have tiiem 
at to same time.” 

comp^tion because to mu- 
seum is like an empire made 
up of separate kin^oros. As 
our subjects are differem . ' 
couldn't take over from each 
other but I suppose one could 
aim to be more femons than 
to other, to eiyoy a greater 
international reputation, to 
publish more books. 

“1 took it absolutely for 
granted that having children 
wasn't going to make the 
softest difl&ence to me pur- 
suing my career. Havi^ the 
chUdto was not to difficult 
part When they were little it 
seemed quite all right to leave 

them vrith nannv and pl^ 
with them for half-an-hour in 
to evening. 

“Now they are six and four,- 
it seems inadequate. They are 
so nice to be with and such a 
strong pull. I didn’t expen 
that at aft. But neither of us 
has ever turned down an 
interesting job of work be- 
cause of domestic 

The problems of children 
and w(^ rub off on John. 
Anna comes back over and 
over again on Friday nights 
saying, 'fm not going to be 
here this weekend. I'm 
worldiig’ and if it goes on 
weekend after weekend you do 
tend to think, have we got our 
priorities right? We are con- 
stantly questioning 

Sentencing the 
prison visitor 

4 1 have • a son who 
committed an error, a 
serious one, and be- 
cause of that, I’ve been 

4 1 have • a son who 
committed an error, a 
serious one, and be- 
cause of that, I’ve been 
able to see a pan of to 
worid that not all of us do. or 
would want to, for that 

He was sent to prison. 
After the trial was over and 
he was found guilty, he went 
to Wandsworth until it was 
decided where he'd be best 
placed. Because of an illness 
he was there longer than 

Visiting during those six 
months made me feel like a 
criminal too • and I've only 
ever had one speeding of- 
fence, my daughier-in-law is 
crime-frre and to baby's 10 
months old. 

We'd queue, to three of 
us, on the outside steps: she 
clutching a visiting order, 
nappies and bottles, me, to 
umbrellas, blankets, and both 
of us, the baby in turns. 
Couldn’t take to pram in. 

Two o’clock was visiting 
time and it was impossible to 
reduce the wait, usually half 
an hour on those damned 
steps. If we came at 2. ton 
we'd miss some of the pre- 
cious two-hour visit, only 
once a fortnight. There was 
always a queue and we were 
never first at the top.. 

Winds sweep up steps like 
th^ sweep nowhere else. 
Rain falls harder there, 
too.Officials marched in and 
out, large, blatantly innocent 
and in charge, sometimes 
with a dog. Up and down, 
with not a smile, nor a glance 
of encouragement Either 
this, I suppose, or their souls 
would wither at the desperate 
look in some of the eyes that 
have no hope. 

Funny how guilty they 
made us feel. “Sorry”, Pd say, 
nearly knocked off my feet by 
a large Mack diwch case; 
probably containing my son's 
appeal, turned down. 

Inside, we were searched 
thoroughly. Nappies and 
handb^ opened On my 
way to the East coast of 
Scotland once, for a holiday, I 
hadilOO in cash.“^^tot's this 
for^ he asked Did he think I 
was financing the Great 

It was a crowded room, 
airless, and we couldn't open 
any windows, obviously. The 
steps began to look attractive. 

Our name was called even- 
tually, the huge doors 
opened but daughter-in-law 
had gone to change the baby. 
1 nished to to inch ^p. 
“Won’t be long, sorry, just 
coming.” Creep, creep. 



“Anything wrong Ma?” My 
son's got goira maimers, ush- 
ering us in, as if we were 
coming for tea, his blue and 
while striped shlru grubby 
collared blue cotton trousers 
han^ng on bis thin behind 

We'd sit together at the 
table, filthy, coffee-stained 
We'd scrub it with bal^ 
wipes. I walked round paci- 
fying the child to slop the 
tears caused by this terrible 
room, while they held hands 
desperately. There’s little 
light in that visitors’ room, 
dust covers outside windows, 
all barred Warders stand 
everywhere, staring, but not 
seeing. People smoke ciga- 
rettes with an urgency that 
suggests they may never have 
another, drowning in walled 
blank indifference. 

So when I heard he’d been 
sent to Coldingley, Surrey, 
and could see a cow from to 
window of his cell, I wasn’t 
very hopeful I was wrong not 

I still have to cover the 
baby's eyes when the heavy 
doors clang open and shut in 
case she remembers them 
later. But we can wheel in the 
pram, are not searched so 
demeaningly, and can smile 
at the warders, because they 
smile back. Rehabilitation 
shines out from the windows, 
cleaner tables, to eyes of the 
voluntary helpers who bring 
round tea, conre and biscuits, 
even a mug of hot water to 
heat the pureed v^ There's a 
creche too, just outside the 
door, where the baby can 
totter and run back, hands 
full of toys for dad 

I don't pretend it’s like a 
Sunday afternoon at home, 
but I don’t feel guilty any 
more. It's more like a board- 
ing school I suiq)Ose. He's 
lost his desperate look and hts 
eyes are clear with hope. He 
doesn't resent his sentence, 
but doesn't think we should 
have one too. 

Why are some, prisons so 
bad (1 had a visit to Worm- 
wood Scrubs once) and some 
so good? Victorian buildings 
cast shadows, but they don't 
dictate policy. A covered way 
at Wandsworth would be a 
start, if anyone feels 
like changing iheAHjh 
sysiem.Or is d^da-MB 
tion pan of the punish- 
ment? It didn't do me 
much good. 

Hildegarde Ellen 

A cancer check for men 

How to become 
a stag in bed 


The virtuous 
Victorian " was 
not supposed to 
think too much 

about his genita- 

90 years ago this 
prudery wasn’t as dangerous 
as it would be today. Malig- 
nant of the testis has 

increased five fold nnce to 
nim of to oentuiy and no- 
body knows why. 

Onrer of to foStiS iS DOW 
curable in 90 ^cent of cases 
and latP! itiagnoBS is to mott 
common cause of fiulure. 
Geniio-urinary surgeons hope, 
to persuade young men^ to 
examine their testes as careful- 
ly as ^ne^ siigeons 
taught womcD 10 ex amine 
their breasts. 

The good news is that 
although this growth is now 
to most fiequently fouM 
ca nin' in men between .tim 
ages of 15 and 45, to future 
for affected patients h» bera 
levoIutionizM in the last 20 

R.T.D. Oliver, of The 

Undon Hospital in a re^ 
published in to Bnxish Met^ 
cal Joutnol, credits imiyrovM 
surgery with the 60 m the 

death rate in to 1 960s and to 

introduction of inodOT 
toxic chenwthaapy m 197 j 


for to trend continumg in to 
past decade. 

Tight underwear and jeans 
have been blamed as a cause 
becaure they keep to organs 
at an unnaturally- tem- 
perature blit they became, 
tehionatoonly hi to 19605. 

Some doctors suspea that it 
may be a late effect of mumps, 
but to favoured theory, m 
vdtich there is increasing evi- 
dence from mice experiments, 
is that to oestro^ levds 
provided by tbc maternal 
environment before detiveiy 
may be a crucial fector. It is' 
known tot overweight toth- 
ers, who have higher 
oestre^^ levels, are more- 
likely to give birth to sons who 
will later develop inalignaitt 
disease in to tesiei 

A sexy male leg 

f— r— TAe number of 
/ /{letters received 

, I I t t^er the Hem in 
Medical Briefing 
MHHMig iMf the devdofh. 
liHiipi mentt^.Re&iine 
a topical 

treatment, for heddne^^ 
trates the extreme setuUtvny <g. 

people who have lost their hair 

Dr Alan Shrank, a consul- 
tant dermatologist from 
' Shrewdmry , ' writing in the 
British Medical Joum^ has 
now given men somahing else 
to worry about He has (jues- 
tion^ the usually accepted 
belirf that the bare patdies 
found on the wter lower third 
Mmole tegs are due to the hair 
being nimted (0 by /oqgA 
dotning or tigm socks: nor 
d^ he think that it is due to a 
poor (dood supply. 

A narrowing arterial tree 
accounts forihe loss of hair on 
the back cf the fixx and the 
tuiis on the toes, but Dr 
Shranks maintains that the 
shiny bald hwa- leg is as much 
a sexiud .characteristic as a 
bald heeul and a hairy chest 

Many readers asked if thev 
a^d be included in the trials 
ofRewne; these trials are now 
compete and .no more are 
envtstaed. The proletary 
remedies mentioned in the 
.column, the ^Sicacy of which 
have not been tested by con- 
trolled trials, are New Generor 
tidn and fian/rohe One. 

Re^ DiyGin 

Baby safety 

B Cbmpaied with 
other paroBts in 
the developed 
world, British 
mothers are 
careless about 
their baby’s 
ssfety in to car, a SHrvey »ys 
. Eaiiler rcseardi bad sbbwu 
tot many' cars are fitted with 
ioadeqnate restnfaits for tod* 
dkis’rit^ m the back the 

Now another study, from 
SofltomptOB Medical SdKwL 
reveals that babies fair no 
dation hi Britain is tot a cinM 
under six nonths shonld be 
• laid in a cairyM beU in the 

rear seat by stnto fured to 
snftable anchor points. 

Aimost 140 wmnmi were 
questioned as to how their 
baby travelied in the car. Their 
answers together with odier 
experinmils involTii^ to 
BMMdtoTing of siqiennarket car 
parks, showed that only 40 per 
cent (tf babies in Sonti^pton 
wme adequately restrafoed, 
which emittasted with 70 per 
cent in Anstrafia, 66 per cent 
in New Zealand and 60 pm 
cent in to United States. 

Double Sting 

» I If to traditional 
portrayal of the 
old countryman 
sufferiiig from 
rheumatism is 

Jjustified he will 

have to choose his treatment 
with care. For if he takes non- 
steroidal anti-infiammafory 
drugs for his adies and pains a , 
bee sting may give rise to a : 
possibly fetal alleigic reaction : 

The British MedicaiJournal ' 
recently carried reports of two 
bee keepers who lud over the 
years grown immune to the : 
venom from -multiple stingy 
but who after tailing anti- 
iheumatic drugs found that 
not only bad their immunity 
^me. but tb^ were hypersen- 
sitive and laid low by a sin^e 
bee sting. 

. The. non-steroidal anti-in- 
flammatory agents include 
such wen known drugs as 
Ponsian, Indocid, Naprosyn 
and Bnifen. As a group they 
have revolutionized the treat- 
ment of arthritis in its many 
forms so that countless thou- 
sands of peo^ owe their 
mobili^ to tom. 

The (Tommitiee on to Safe- 
ty of Medicines, however, has 
recentiy drawn the attention 
of all doctors to to danger of 
acute gastric or duodenal ul- 
ceration which can occur. 

Dr Thomas 


Next rime there^ a big new share issue, you could 
be amnng the “winners”: one of the “stags” - the 
people who buy and sell fast, and make a profitl 
You don't have to be an expert: you can do it 
with just a little bedtime reading. 

Plajing the stockmarket isn’t just for dty gents 
an y more. It's for everyone . It^ easw it^ fun - and it 
can be very rewarding indeed . 

All you need, to get it rights is someone to show 
you what to do. \)^at to buy - 
what to sell - and whea 

One weekly magazine has I 

been advising people about 
their money for longer than ” ^ w ail 
most Investors Chronicle. 

Not just stocks and shares - 
though thousands of estab- 
lished investors look to us for mQl 

advice on these every week. 

You'll find 
therek a surprising 
amount in Investors \ 

Chronicle on i 

savings and personal I I 

finance too... f I 


How to build up your savings fasten How to get 
a bigger income. F^y less tax. How to pick the best 
Unit Trust How to borrow money on your life 
insurance. V&’hat kind of mortgage to go fon 
And if you are looking to learn about the stock- 
market there^ plenty here too. Should you go for 
British Gas when it comes along? What about 
British Airway s? TSB ? And the others... ^ , 
Therels even a weekly “Begmners Guide” to 
explain investment in detail. 

Whether youYe a novice or 
an experienced old hand you’ll 
1 1 soon pick up a lot of valuable 
i B^y tips. Amd all from the comfortof 

YEfUF ^BHi your own bedroom! 

Investors Chronicle is at' 
your newsagent this Friday, 
r See how it feels to make a bit 

of money. It% easy. 


n'- I.i iSn- 

I'ilaSS 1 Sli” s B ii SH'S fi 8 SAP S 

In II 
is n 






































^ Xcert 

1 p concert 

J 'n Thp Pni will n^vpr Y 

The Pm will never be the same 
again. On Sunday it is sponsoring 
a concert by the London PhiU 
harmonic Orchestra at the Royal 
Festival Hall of Catulli Oirmina, 
based on poems by Catullus about 
his sexual adventures. Annotator 
Eric Mason, according to the 
orchestra, has complained that the 
text is 100 poniograpbic for public 
hearing, but the LTO’s principal 
conductor. Klaus Tennstedl, in- 
sists that it goes ahead unexpur- 
gated. Prudential top brass will be 
in the audience on Sunday. An 
LPO source did not think they 
appreciated just how erotic the 
wotIc is — *‘what a relief that 
Winston Oturchill's obscenity bill 
does not cover concert halls.” 

Water music 

HMS Endurance hero Paul Smith, 
who has not worked since leaving 
the navy alter returning from the 
Falklands four years a^ has 
finally found a job; playing the 
accoi^on in Liverpool univ- 
ersity's swimming pool on Sunday 
week in what must surely be 
Britain's first underwater concert. 

• Readers, moles and conntry- 
men: the Diary has now bera 
issued with a hotline: 01 822— 

Advance guard 

For how long has British Leyland 
known that it mig^t end up in 
American ownership? A British- 
trained computer analyst who 
applied for a job at the BL 
subsiduary, Unipan, a few years 
ago tdls me that during the 
interview be found to his dismay 
that the company was switching 
British ICL computers to the 
rival American IBM. ''Someone 
has decided that the future lies 
with IB.M; it was a high-level 
management dedsion,” explained 
his inierviewer. Having an Ameri- 
can computer s>'steai, the analyst 
realizes in retrospect, would now 
be just dandy for BL's prospective 
American buyers. So who <Ud take 
the prescient decision? Not, 
presumably Michael Edwardes, 
chaimsan at the time. Yesterday 
Unipart giggled when I reminded 
them where he went on leaving BL 
in 1982: ICL 

Chain reaction 

A reader tells me that on 
Australia's new dollar coin the 
necklace worn by the Queen has 
what looks like a decorative twirl 
wfu'cb. placed under a magnii^'ng 
gbus. transmogrifies into the word 
"POM”. "There has been some 
comment,” the Australian High 
Commission admits."bui it's all 
untrue. The letters are DOM —the 
initials of the artist” 


'Bad news. I hear he's tikhig 
his own it- Piitihig pictores* 

Taken to task 

Television playwright Ian Curteis 
.has had a positive response to his 
plans for a BBC film about the 
Falklands conflict The three-hour 
drama, to be called The Falklands 
Play, involves characters portray- 
ing Mrs T, President Galtieri et ak 
in a filial reconstruction. I am 
told that Robert Morl^ jumped at 
the idea of playing Willie 
Wfaitelaw after hearing Curreis 
enthuse about the idea at a 
Gairi^ Club lunch recently. "It's 

always a bit trid^ using r^life 
l" said Cuitei: 

charafrtefs,” said Cuiteis. "When 1 
last did so, in a film about Suez six 
yean ago, La^ Gaitskell com- 
plained strongly in the House of 
Lof^ about my portrayal of her 
husband” He might have even 
more trouble with Ma^e. 

Cash in hand 

The GLC has finally coughed up 
for the Cultural Festival of India 
held last September — but only 
after High Court intervention. 
The council contracted PN Struct 
Tures Ltd to build a £101,000 
stadium at the Brent Show after 
GLC officers gave the con^jany a 
written understanding that they 
would foot the bill However, Ken 
Livingstone, the Brent par- 
liamentary candidate, realiang 
they wouid never get ministerial 
consent for such spending, con- 
cocted a scheme whereby the bill 
would be paid to the company 
through a grant to the festival's 
organizers. The idea swept 
through all the necessary channeb 
at Coun^ Hall, but was not 
cl^red with the festival oiganizers 
who would not accept the cash. 
Now the GLC have settled "very 
fovouiably” out of court, foUoiv- 
ing the writ they issued last 
November. "We were extremely 
annoyed at gening swept up in 
such political macfainatioos”, said 
PNS manapng director Theo 

Over-charitable, Mr Lawson 

by Philip Regan 

Professor Friedman claims there 
is no such thing as a free lunch. 
British dtarines may have proved 
him wrong. The Chancellor has 
bowed to their pressure without 
exacting fiom them greater ef- 
ficiency and accountability. 

The Budget has given charities 
lax concessions over and above 
iheir existing substantial rdiefe. In 
1 982 the total value of tax reUefe 
for all registered charities was 
more than £450 million. This 
we^'s changes vdll cost the 
Exchequer £70 million a year 
initisdly and much more in fimtre. 

vat payments bom diaiities 
will be halved. Total VAT pay- 
ments by charities in 1982 were 
around £4S million. Adjustments 
in line with the growth in income 
of the top 200 charities give a 
1984-85 figure of £60 million. If 
VAT payments are cut in half then 
the correspon^ng tax loss would 
be £30 million. 

The change in tax relief for 
single donations by ctmapanies 
will not at improve very costly in 
tax revenue: Although total cor- 
porate donations are around £80 
million a year, 60 per cent of 
payments already attract tax relief 
Uirou^ covenants. Thus tittle 
more than £30 million wUl gain 
new tax reliefe; these will cost the 
Exchequer £ 1 0 million a year. 

Personal donations to charities 
of up to £100 a year (through 
deductions firom pay) are now 
eligible for income tax relief This 
could prove expensive for the 

Exchequer if charities quickly 
established collection schemes 
with employers. 

My estimate is that a maximum 
of £900 million a year in existing 
personal donations could become 
allowable against income tax if 
transferred through employer 
deduction schemes. As yet pamll 
giving is small but if only l(j per 
cent of this sum becomes allowa- 
ble. the cost to the Exchequer will 
be around £25 miUion a y^. 

Donations fiom both individ- 
uals and firms are likely to rise. 
For both, the tax changes reduce 
the price of making donations. £1 
in the hands of a charity now costs 
donor less by the amount of 
tax relief. How companies wfll 
react to a cut in the cost of sisgte 
donations is hard to assess. But 
the effect may well be consid- 

In the United States, wbm a 
similtf ^stem is well established, 
coroorations donated an average 
of $77 per employee in 1981. Fw 
the top 200 British ooiporate 
donors, a comparable sum was 
£5.5(1 If American evidence can 
be applied to Britain payroll 
deductions schemes should attract 
a large increase in donations. 

For example, a standard rate 
taxpayer currently giving £10 to a 
chairi^ will find that, by donating 

through payroll deduction,' each 
pound for the charity now costs 
him 71 p. If many payroll' deduc- 
tion schemes are estabtisbed, a 
laige rise in personal donations is 
liltfly. If many donors teroute 
donations via such schemes th^ 
the tax cost will be high. A 
proportion of extra perKmal- giv^ 
ing will come fitmi Uk Exchequer. 
Michael Brophy of the Charities 
Aid Foundation is surely ri^ "In 
five years time these changes 
could ^ve altered the' whole 
dimate pving and may 
worth many hundreds of millions 
^pounds a to charities. 

Such a massive increase in the 
public subsidies of charities needs 
to be justed. For donors, ahni- 
ism may be morally excellenL 
Moreover, it might be argued that 
private donations achieve a more 
ef&ient aOocation of funds 
(though this deppds on access to 
information which most donors 
do not hzvt).As for recipients, it 
may be that charities and other 
voluntary agencies ate more ef* 
geient the equivalent public 
sector bodies, but there is scant 

The best charities have a fine 
record of service and disclosing 
facts and figures about their 
operations. Bid this is notmie of 
the charity sector as a whole. 

There'isno unifonnity m the 
charities present their accounts it 
is very dufimilt to.rampare them. 
Many fefi to submit accounts to 
the Charity Ooninrissfoness ^n^ 
when' they do, they can imain 
unexamined for years. 

Many educational -and religious 
foundations enjoy tax privileges 
without having to re^ste Th^ 
sands of tiny charities are too 
small to be really costHBfiective yet 
stiU ^am fiscal ^vantages. 

It is curious that a government 
eager to foster efficiency in the 
public sector is willing to engineer 
a fiirther transfer of public money 
to organizations with no adequate 
scrutiny. ^i^lbout.m<»e account- 
ability the new measured might 
even prove mefficknt cmnpai^. 
son with public wd^ depen- 

Individuals are free to-give or to 
seek gifts for any caure th^ 
choose. While defending this 
right, the government diould-^ 
sure accountability" fixnn <^8^ 
izations enjoying puUie subsiriies. 
The Chancellor has lost an 
opportunity to trade new lax 
privil^es for better accounting 
practices > and measure to 
encquiage efficiency. These new 
public privil^es will so^ become 
old private r^ts. Gladstone was 
correct. Charttable tax exemption 
remains "a g^t of public money 
without pul^ contior. 

The author, an Anglican clergy- 
man, is lecturer in economics at 
the Untmky of Lancaster.- 

Roger Boyes on Polish reaction to a new Holocaust documentary 

Sharing Treblinka’s shame 


Henryk Gawkowski sticks his 
wizened fece out of the loco- 
motive cabin as the train draws 
into Treblrnka station. He makes a 
gesture of slashing his throat a last 
useless warning to his passengers, 
Jews destined for extermination. 
Minutes later they have been 
stripped of their valuables, wi thin 
the hour many are corpses. 

This is the dominant linage of 
Shoah (Hetuew for annihilation), 
Oaude Lanzmann's nine-hour 
documentary reconstruction of 
the Holocaust which is to be 
shown on Channel 4. The film is a 
staggering accumulation of detail: 
how many metres (he paces them 
out) from the gate to the crema- 
torium: the thoiqd>ts of a Jewish 
barber as he cuts the tresses of 
women about to enter the gas 
chambers: a secretly filmed SS 
officer denying knowledge of the 
slaughter. Most of the death 
camps were on Polish sofl and for 
Lanzmann. whose feiher was a 
Polish Jew, this becomes a focus 
for the film: how is the guilt to be 

The Ansefasritz railway of no retnni: how many Poles sbooM also feel gnOty? 

"Why are you so sad?" 
Lanzmann asks the locomotive 
driver through an interprerer. 
"Because I saw people roarchi^ 
to their death." says GavdeowskL 
When he weakened he received 
vodka from the Nazis. Is 
Gawkowski guilty? Are other 
Poles accomplices in the Holo- 
caust? The question, or at least the 
manner in which it is asked, 
outrages the Polish authorities. 
Rarely has. a film made in the 
West so angered the government 
of a communist state. Poland has 
made a formal diplomatic inolest 
to France against the "outrageous 
insinuations for the Polish people 
concerning its alleged coUabora- 
lion in the Holocaust” To the 
credit of the Poles it was decided 
that the best way to deal with 
something so distasteful was to 
give it a broad airing on television 
and in cinemas. 

openness about everything tiiat 
links and separates Poles fiom 
Jews. Altbou^ only a few thou- 
sand Jews now live in Poland, the 
links are unquestionably there: 
before the war, before the death 
camps, there were three million 
Polish Jews. 

In a sense the timing of Shoah 
could not have been better for the 
Polish authorities. The Soviet 
bloc, but espKially Poland, has 
bnn opening lines of communica- 
tion with Israel again. for the first 
time since 1968 when all but 
Romania severed diplomatic ties. 
Perhaps this sign^ the banning 
of a new phase in Soviet policy, 
the first tentative steps towards an 
all-pany Middle Eart peace con- 
f^nce: perhaps not 

Shoah is opportune: it gives the 
Poles a chance to clear the air. The 
Jaruzelski leadership feels 
equipped to do so, bemuse the 
general and his closest advisers 
were among those who opposed 
the -virulent anti-semitic manoeu- 
vring of a Communist' Party 
faction in 1968. "If there is to be 
conciliation, between Poland and 
Israel,” remarks one Polish Jew 
who survived the 1968 pur^ to 
rise in the party, 'rihen this is tte 
leadership team to do it” 
Lanzmann, who denies making 
an anti-Polish fUm, says he is 
merely letting ordinaiy Fbles 
speak for themselves. A woman, 
asked what she thinks about the 
annihilation of the Jews, says: 
"They were richer and exjrioited 
the Poles. Our boys pr efe i i e d 
Jewish girls because xh^ were 

{Rtfoably determined by self-in- 
terest and the separation of the 
riro communities bred a sense of 
mutual exploitation. 

As the historian Andrzej 
Gregorczyk put h, trying to come 
to terms -with Shoah: "Poles 
devrioped a certain approadi 
towards Jews just as Jews did 
towards Goys. Taking unfair 
advantage of Jews was not consid- 
ered to be as' bad as taking such 
advantageof your Polish kukoen. ' 
That ap^ed not only to 'material ■ 
a&iis but to sex as welt To' 
^uce a Jewish girl was genoally 
r^ard^ as a lesser sin than the 
seduction of a Christian girl” 

prettier, and they were fmitier 
because they did no work.” 

These are medieval pt^udices. 

In any case, Poland is about to 
set up an Israeli visa office, has 
permitted the first bar-mitzvah for 
vears. has stimulated exhibitions 
and articles about the roots and 
remnants of Polish Jewry and is 
encouraging visits by Isradi ballet 
dancers and actors. There is a new 

partly fuelled by viU^ priests — 
in some pulpits the question 
"Who killed Christ” can ikre a 
distinctly anti-seoutic tuni — 
partly by distant memtuies of the 
separateness of the Jews, their 
wikdth, their beards. There is a 
strong historical argument 
suggesting that the Poles were the 
most tolerant and hospitable of 
European peopks towaitis the 
Jews. That is precisely vriiy such a 
large Jewish community arose in 
Poland. But the goodwill was 

Shoah proceeds fipom the 
premise ofPolisb anti-semitism to 
the sprafic charge of silent 
complicity in the failing of the 
Je^ As a journalist one reacts 
with suspicion when Lanzmann 
admires tire carved door of a 
Polish peasant and asks ^ut its 
history. Somehow one realizes 
very qukkly. certainly quicker 
than the peasant, that ijn^ann 
a trying to establish that the door, 
ind^ the whole house, belonged 
to a Jewish family killed in the 
camps. The unspoken suggestion 
is that the Poles irofited in some 
^y fiom the elimination ofjews. 

"What did lAnfmann wmit the 
Poles to have done?” asks Jerzy 
Urban, the government Mkes- 
man, writing under a pseudraym. 
"Dul be thmk the Polish people 
sfaoi^ have commitKd mass 
suicide by refusing to live in »haf 
inhuman world? The Poles are not 
to blame for the feet that they bad 
to live in tlw extraordin^ camp 
community of Auschwitz or to 
live while inhaling the odour of 
bunting human fl^ in the fields 

around TreUinka . if the Ftties 
bad been put in ibey 

would have behaved as'ttae Jews 
behaved in the ghettos. If the Jews 
had ploughed the fields surround- 
ing a death camp for Poles, they 
would have behaved in the same 
way as the peasants in the viciitity 

Poles faced the real threat of 
instant execution for the whole 
femily if they were found shdter- 
ii^ Jews. Yet some Jews were 
' hidden, iucked for months under 
floorboards or in hams; sharing 
scanty rations. In a system of such 
total terror — bundmls of Polish 
villages were wipkl .out by the 
SS — "heroism consisted some- 
times in saving one man and 
passively consenting to the deaths 
of millions of others or con v eraely 
acceptiiu someone's death in the 
name oTa bigger struggle.” 

The words are those of Jerzy 
Urban, himself a Jew. Israel has 
acknowledged the bravery of some 
Poles in helping Jews, aw^uriing 
them the "righteous among 
nations” distinctioiL But Lanz- 
roann does not seek out th^ 
people, because, it seems> Shoah 
does uot need heroes. But for all 
its weakneses. it is an intriguing 
film, biave too in the way that it 
tackles the morality of survival 
How fragile is the com^sure of 
Holocaust survivors; bow easily 
the bad drams ictum. But after 
the teriiQniig nine hours of footage 
(there is, incidentally, not a empse 
to be seen) there soil lingers the 
sense of Lauzmann's . bluried 
jud g em e nt, his seanh, at any 
price, for accom^ces to murder, 
"Who is guilty, ” asks a Polish 
■historian, "perhaps you, us, them; 
the guilt of not understanding in 

Judicial review: curb or strengthen? 

TTie High Court chaUenge to the 
Lord Chancellor over his decision 
to imposed 5 percent limit on this 
year's pay rise for barrisiers doing 
criminal leg^ aid wm'k is the latest 
of a growing number brou^t 
under the judicial review proce- 
dure. This allows dedsion by the 
government, a civil servant or an 
^ministraiive body to be con- 
tested in court and have it 
declared lawful or unlawful 
On a range of issues this 
government in particular has 
increasingly had its decisions chal- 
lenge in the courts and found 
wanting. No surpise then, cynics 
say. that it has taken steps in 
recent months to curb the scope of 
judicial review. But not only 
ministers are concerned about the 
present system; judges, too, are 
worried that a large number of 
applications is dogging the sys- 

Those seeking to bring judicial 
review proceedings must first 
obtain the court's leave. In the 
past five years applications have 
doubled to more than 1,000. Most 
fell at this stage, but those that go 
on can lead to such rulings as the 
three last year against Nidiolas 
Ridley, the Transpmi Secretary, 
including one against his anem^ 
to overturn the Greater Loudon 

Council's night ban on heavy 
lorries. In another case the govern- 
ment was held to have acted 
unlawfully over regulations on 
board-and-lodgings payments, 
and there were similar rulings on 
the withholding of sums of money 
in chemists' and opticians' fees. 

One reason for the growth m 
judicial review is the dimate of 
consumerism. Increased awar^ 
ness of rights and a neater 
Iciness to chaUenge authority 
have encouraged p^le to go to 
law. That has coincide with High 
Court reforms, dating fiom the 
mid-197()s. which ma^ it much 
easier to bring cases under judicial 
review. Judgn are now readier to 
develop and create administrative 
law, extending it for example to 
such areas as immigration and 
prisons, and are more sympathetic 
to rigorous scrutiny of admin- 
istrative decisions. Finally, the 
procedure has ■ become wdl 
known, with the success of eariy 
cases prompting others. 

But there is another factor the 
changed attitude of local and 
central govemmenL Lord Justice 
WqoIC an appeal cQurt^udgie,.said 
in a recent lecture that m the past 
If a course of action by govero- 
ment was in doubt it -was not 

adopted. Now it appeared to be a 
case of '^ything is permissible 
unless and ontii it is stopped by 
the courts”. 

Against this background the 
gov'crnment last year tried to end 
the right of appe^ agai^ refo^ 
of leave to bring judicial review 
proceedings. The Lord ChancHlor 
said that an automatic right of 
appeal to the Court of Appeal was 
on the face of it an "excessive 
indulgence” and wasted an "enor- 
mous amount of judicial time”. 

The strength of opposition 
foFOd a retreat But there have 
since been been further moves to 
curtail judidal review. In a case in 
the House of Lords last month, in 
which a homeless couple had 
challenged a decision by their local 
council. Lord Rnghtman jaid he 
was "troubled by the prolific use 
of judicial review" in surii cases. 
The procedure should not be used 
to monitor local authorities’ an- 
ions save m exceptional ctreum- 
stances, be said. He hoped there 
wouid be fewer challenges against 
local authorities who. were trying 
in "extrenrely difficult circuin- 
stances to pmorm their duties 
under the Housing (Homeli^ 

In the same moath there was a 
Court of Appeal ruling that will 

end lai^ numbers of judldal 
review challenges to deciaons by 
. 'immigration officers. Leave to 
apply for judicial review iii ibis 
' area will now be given -oidy in' 
exceptional cncomstances; app- 
licants must normally escerdse the 
right of appeal under the Immigrar 
tion Act. which means that they 
will no loiiger be able to remain in 
this country on. the- ground' diat- 
l^al proceedings are pending. 

Some lawyers and judges are- 
now concerned that the judicial 
review procedure has insuffident 
safi^uards. Professor Graham 
Zdlick bf (^ueen Mary College, 
London, says that with the need to 
obtain leave,: and other lestiic- 
lions such as those on calUng- 
witnesses and the strict time limits 
Hivolved,- the scales-are wer^Ked'! 
In fevoitr of .pubitc. bodies.. 

' Lord Justice Woc^has come up 
with a proposal to stroagthen' 
public sateiumds: the creatitm of a ' 
(fiieaor of dvil proceedings to 
help applicants and monitor 
applicauoiis, advise the court; 
have access to government papen 
and be empowned to. take, over- 
cases. The time may have comelo 
give that proposal 'a dose look* 

Frances GSbb 

Legal hifalrs Correspohdem 

David Watt 

Budget Day is always a tricky 
for the Thatcher governineot It is 
one oTtbe.few oocasimu in the 
year when.tbe' Prime Minister au 

the ChanoellOF are obl^ tp strip 

themsdvesof ideologtcal camou- 
flafiB ai^ stand-more O' less naked 

infiont of tile dectoiate. 

In a sense, of course, tills is tnre 
-of all governments. A is 
still the aobe^teid way of ttispraying 
to the voters the answer to what 
the Americans-caD bottom 
line ^tical questiOD” ^ wbidi 
is; "wifet have you lot done for us 
feldyf- ftit of tire 
present govonmeni: it is a forced 
r^y to the stiD more difficult 
question: are yon lot 

rei^nsiUe for?* Bor most of tte. 
year tlur answer to 'tins' question 
can be: '^e're renoffi^ for 
most ^ 'tire good tiui^ feat-are 

by fee anenipt to nm an incomes 

ievement.- « a^yjae m her fira 

ggaiysisas restt* - 

of government ^*7 * 
gic witiidrawal boa 
lerritffies^ No more 

feisistnie icmtones. wo more 

Streetla;^ . ... 

The only ttouMe is t hat 
teality bdsad tfaisqiate successfiu 
xhesbrical ben crom- 

Mmg awaviaioenforcedratefven- 

tkm. The notion tiiai the exchanfte 

can be left id SS 

- was the first bastiOB to 

was adopted. Suppty- 
side' b o li des, assumed more im- 
pntance. Rdiaace oi^ angle 

. m n n^tar y. aggr^aiC^ SttrUllg 

• — ^ 

to Ibices outside bur conm^^ 

- The fell in inflatioa^ for m-' 
stance, is entirely diie to good 
.'financial' .'management' .aao '-'a- 
detennaied assault <m tcKie jnmm . 
power; it has.ikMhing to doimb 
the woridwide fen in commod^ 
prices. --U&dnffetyxnent. on fee- 
other, band, is a wortd*wi^ 
phenomenon, exiuxrbated tm 
Britatfs case by tile weaknw tend 
irresponsibQity of successive Soo* 
la&t aiKi Tory goveru- 

mentsforwfoidtwe aiepayhsihe . 
mernedand unavoadawjince.; 

As Milton. Rriedman . used' .10 
pointout quite fttmkly, fee bemity 
of monetarism firm fee ^actical. 
periitidah's pc^ of view is tiiai it 
reduces the govenmienx’s area of 
pqlhical booqability to a shigie 
very small laig^ If you s crew 
down tire money sop^y^oq if 
yon. want to think m ti^htiy. 
di&rent terms, puUic expen- 
dhure — ever y t hing tibe wiB fot- 

lOW atmost amrtWMHwtirany . 

Certainly, the rhanmltor can 
say, I am lespoufole fiM* exeiiiis ia 
(smieni omtidU as astjf 

Chancellor **>«««*^ -all the imr 
pleasantxiess that comes after is 
doe- to the opention of mstm 
forces wife wfaidii of couise; it 
would be'fiiolisfa and seif-defiai- 

It is possiUe to imeipret 
Thatcherism almost entirely m 
terins of these advan- 

tages. There is aii inte re s ti n g 
aii^ on these fines by Jim 
Bulphl of Warwick Univetsity in 
the current issue of the joinnd 
P^itkal 5lru£fier. Its argurnent; in 
brieC is fear the Keraesian de- 
mand mana g e m e nt ca the 19S(k 
and eatfy 1960s served father 
gmflaf political purpo^ to 
mooetarism. benafawd^politicians 
aiKt- Treasury noudanns to p^ . 
the Jeveis of the economy dis- 
creiely and qraetiy fimn WliildiaO 
vritbe^ bavinkfe cmiieoDt too fer 
into the open arena. - 

Unfmtanatesly,s!^Biilpin( tiis ' 
faapity stete of affiuis came to an 
end with the Wilson govennncsit 
which regxmded -to the real 
decline, of the British e conom y ' 
withamorejnterventiom^ mod- 
ernizing strategy which in cr ease 
m^y involved 'V damapng . 
dialG^ and endless haggles in 
pulfec with mdnsby and trade 
unions. The Iteath government, . 
tiiou^ ostensibly de te r mi ned to 
get off tfais.danperoDs pb&tical 
hook, was fetally impaled <« it in 
1972 and 197^ and even the - 
naiiaghflh' government could not 

.WBWWIVM miiMw r,— - ----- 

eveo de9ut3e increase in White- 
hall imerveDDon in tbesifeere « 
local govemmem and - in 
of mqior nationalized 
dustzy such as Sled and, above all 

cod.' And fixiaBy fee political 
uproar- over imemploynusit has 
forced '' more and - mcne direct 
i n iei we u tioB to show that -the 
guvenm^ redty .**cares” . 

- FoBtic^ hsdng been driven out 
wife a.suigle heave .V tire ntdi- 

a V - ^ rnAmmesauaw fef 

...... _ g UBfeW .%/■ 

finfois back-yapping vidoisly at 
' ‘tiie Whitehall clQisier 


and . teeatenrng not onty the 
govasnnreni^ afefey Kk impose its 
own ideoioaGd terias ofjtfeteaa 
on fee pofiacal ddttie Init also its 
ciedfoifity as aioDOl. compemt 

fee pditicai heat gene ra ted 

This ideydopmeiit has alarmed 
not-inaFdy feie fieomarket ihecy 
bet -fee - pnetkal ptfetidans too. 
TlntesqadnSii^privalizatien is 
sneb SR ^fesessiQB at.-present; it 
appears to.^fer-fonw ntonetarist 
notMoterveatibSL hats .feiled) the 
only, gmainreg sefatioa to the 
. fxfetieal diffka^ we have just 
' p f i f B dfedttSBa^ ' . 

It abo^exptniS 'W^ fee Prime 
Minister aoLNormaa Teirbh are 
keegag ^a dnrmbfrt ofdefiant 
Bwma i tet wdrbiaK'= anti -why 
lhey.vsRaiBtere<ceinni]y witiihe 
' atguaentabontwhatgMa into fee 
nett C bmi e i v gii vg. maafesta-As 
Bitipittt periitt oat; fee fetal 
'(Sffioflty for the "Nretf* is feat 
wfaSei^ haye'a peribcity good 
dtcr nati ive cc wu m a c pewey in 
fec^, they are noeaeen to possess 
au smswer 10 the crude pdhical 
proHem of how to av^ fieafe's 
ittterveatiooist fete 
lawsonVbQtiiBn (SMeys all the 
sy 04 abnis"of this duenuna. On 
tte .'oae lamd . it pro efaims un- 
dt^raag. ddyotiu^^io^te fine 

to jthc 

bta^ieteoce . of goverinneot is 
ifeety to ire Diore emxtive Ity 
reduced to the minmiiim , 

■ On ti re other band it was 
imposstbte for the Chancellor to 
avoid reveafiiig to fiiJl public gm 
-the Heath Robinson wires wife 
'wlaefa be b actually forced to try to 
contnd fee economy • not just 
fiscal manqmlatxon for beyond the 
bountb of monetarist orfeodoxy, 
but purposive budgetary engineer- 
ing to encourage employment, 
pro& sfaarii^ charity and son- 
smolni^ If it afi' wmks, well and 
b>od. If it does not, the electorate 
are unlikely to accept that im- 
personal fotoes nuher than the 
govenxmeorareioblain& . 

moreover . . . Mfles Kington 

Prince and 

It isn't often realized that when a 
royal engagraneirt -like Prince 
Aiidiew's takes plaCe, everything 
down to' the proposal has to be 
dope acconferg to age-okl, tia- 
didOnaH. ceremony. Aon service to 
readers, we rqrrint-tod^ some of 
the more imposirurt exchai^ 
fiom ;the ancient ritoal knowii as . 

Ye Popping ofYe Royal Quezon. 

The Rreiduire or the; Royal. 
Ifideaway, wfaife occurs early on, 
gres romi^iiiS filce tfab: 
SemryiHaltT Who goes there? : 
Prince; The' Eriocri ' 

Sofery: Who else? , 

Prince; The 9i1-fiiead. 

S«try: Wbcm ^ri-ftiend? 

Prince: The Prig's girl-fiiend. 
Sentry: Advance, giri^end,- and 
be recognized! (Ihen shall the giri- 
friend advance, anid 'die ' senary 

shall say...) Ait thou the one 
they call 5 

Sarah Fagasoa? . . 

Giri-friend: That Lam. ' 

Sentry: Good Would thou care to 
tellmy readers .w^t H fods like to 
be.faece? (Then shod the Prince 
knock (^the sentry's hat and find 
acamaainsit^.) ■■ 

Prince: Thou art another vailet 
fiom the Press! Hoi, gu^ and 
have thi* Tnan qjected. 

Another early ceremony b the 
Meeting whh the Prince's P are nts, 
at which Prioioe Phifii) tiadition- 
aliy takes tire bad. . 

Philip: 'We are delighted to meet 
you. Do horsed 
OM^end: Yes, I like horses a lot 
(Then shall jhe' PHhoe "A/ukew 
remind- the giii-fiimd that .ih^ 
in du 

known' as TheCovering of Certain 

ninccs Thou hath other boy- 
fiieiids before me? 

'^Srl-friend: 'Not 'as many as fey 

Mncet Yes. weli, quite. And vrere 
good,-tnistwciithy chaps? Not 
.^eh to loose 'riiatter? 

GnMcfeud: Ab^utdy 

PriM Phew. (Then heshaffkold 
her hand^ say.., )l BOW coast 
®*P***®®* question, 
gw-friead; Is ^s fee big one? 

Pnnoe: Not quite, but very big. Art 
thou prepared for the Press to caD 
fere Fo^ ./Tfien shall the girl- 
Jnend burst into tears and sav she 
would even pm up with that). 

One opti^' ritual which now 

And if you puu 

5^^ It goes down! 

Ca. „ 
yet This is the only 

ira^y. comes fee afi-Soonant 
<*feniony “««qwant 

.PriltMs OA, ..l-l £-• . _ 

am about 

had 'prothised to be honest in .... 
Jkat^'And the aiifiiaui ' shall 
say. . ./No, actually. I’m not that 
k^oii them. . ' 

PhQjp: This .^qfimsefe. u&y Art 
.thoii iinteiested m photograpti^ 
Glri-tireidi'Nbt-iirithe'Ieajst - -- 
Pharpi Thank Qod foir that There- 
tee'too ihany photogr^rhersin tiie 
femfly already. 

Prince: That reminds me,'foih^. i 
have ' some .inoie- -snaps :of fee 
.Navy fo'feow you. : 

.Philip: Some ofeff perhaps. 

. Before tile quotiraits^ean he 
poppedr cert a in baric gRuiad has 
to be oovered.' in tifo 'certeiioay 

* MuesnoiL 

“feraldoteur ^ ^ ^ ® 

infee^ng. announce ,t 

. " 



t l : i- 

V * -■ 



■ -.hs 


v::ss. 41. . 



jjPfennjngtan Street totidoD:E19XN Tdenhohe: Dl-481 4100 


Thns Mr Lawn's yision of 
lowerinjElation is Mmednog of 
a fixd's panwticft- zadas&y*s 

fffodoct prices axe expected to 
xiM only 'slowly* But -firitain 
capi clami little credit for that 
industry win w much lessjv 
its fiid and raw niateri^ 
whpM costis ocpected to fill a 
spectacular . U per. cent this 
yev: Other uu&striial coan^ 


• "•! 'J ■ 


iJVt* ^ 


i a:i 




•i '.• 

DOjt.- one^. in ready-io-iise 

firm heiore the nm efiction. 

compomided by 
Mr ;‘Lawsoik*s teiH 

• do^tolanndi an ideam one 
BupM <mly tp .^ it up in the- 

.pfirt* 'ilie lefbnn of natimial 

.insoiiahce, in order to stunu- 
late. enqAoymeiit of the low- 
paid^ featured shtnigiy in the 
1^3 Jhid^ It did not rate a 
'fiientkai . lasr Tuesday. An 
even doser paraDel'is provided 

“Tte OiMW ritoft newufoairf 

• ymn M B wm for profit^^aiina 

« ■ commodhtrio 

hediip patedin the ponderous 
. prpcesi ofoonsultation with all 
" P«Wemieie^ parties. The 
T TOgenci y of prepantibn and 
Awimii at the National 
- ’ for eianpie, is ca- 

;-ffll eTOgn nding»slo^ that 

!:tries:.arfr enjoyii^ the same 
Budget would wori^hride fen fo posraodity 
and energy priced ^Tbeir w^ 
restrniit will . cbmpOnnd w 
advantage: Britain is throwing 
it a^y. 

. The'aim ofpro&t>sharmgis 
to introduce an automatic 
flexibility into.the British ws^ 
system, which i»oduoes a rise 
in leal w^ costs that persists 
irrespective of industr/s fot- 
tunes, like the existing 
schemes for extending share 
ownetshq) to employe^ it 
: wold create a doser identity 
-between -the intdests of.tte 
workforce and the profit ' 
periMinance of fife conpany.' 

Sod schemes are now 
spreading fi$t> Over a thou- 
sand have' been approved; 
back in 1979^ orily 30 exided. 
The Inland Revernie 
that by last year, the IM 
million emifioyees who had 
taken part in sudi schones had 
between them received shares, 
or interests in shares, worth 
over' £1^ biflicm. Together 
with share option schemes tor 
: directors and hi^er-paid 
employed, these need to be 
broudd into the ambit of Mr 
Law^*s new review. : . 

Butprc^t^haiing tnings-fiie: 
idemity^of interest between:' 
-diddend-eamerand empt<^ 1 
much: do^ it would - or ; 
'should • have a lai]^ and 
much more tmtngdiatg eEfect - 
on employe^ remoneration' 
than tlM dsttibntion of a few 
sharea Hie higher a pnmor-- 


. on personal tax; At the fime-of 
- fife: 1985 fiiuigi^ Mr Lawsim^oring to-haw fiiis 
^ lenfybeforeihe auturrin; it did 
' ' not finafly ^ipear mitn tiiia 

' focome tax reform caxmot 
.. ,be impletnetited until the In- 
. find !^yenue*s computers are 
• ready, , 80 the could be 

cxc t Bcd:' But.the niomentum 
of refinhrwas lost Mr Lav^on 
most od allow- profit>shariiig 
to go the same way. The need 
to : implement this idea fin* 
toosCTingmp Brilidn*s rigid 
and job-deanit^ing wage struc- 
ture is too agent 
Ihe. Chanmlm^ own fore- 
*-C 8 ^ show fiiat he expects 
Eriihin tolosecomp^fivaiess 
dangpioudy . fist yM In 

' ISSfibr^iitui Jaboiir oofes.^ ' 
i^ dfoutpat are expected to ' 
-• m 416 .per cent -' uum than 
last yoB^ and nearly tmce as 
rnndi as foey did m 1984. In 
ofiier industrial countries, unit 
labdfir costs are expect^ lb 
ibe hardly at all 

tioQ of pay finked to profits, 
the less Hkefy a company 
would be to find itsetf 
squeezed out cfmarimts by the 
uttstoppabie momentum of 
labour costs. 

. In turn, thb would mean 
that companies in difficuto 
would be less likdy to by on 
.workers as the oifly way of 
fedttcirig their, wage bills: the 
- 'fink b^ween pay and.- jobs 
Twould bq^ to w«» in fewur 
of enjoyment If fiie econ- 
omy fiows down next yea 
(and even the Tteasiuy is 
forecasting a dip below 3 per 
icoitX ^ncfa a brake <m iabc^ 
theriHing would be Vitally 

There ate, of ooois^ diffi- 
culties When pay and profit 
axe closely linked, a company’s 
wofkibice mi^t be resistant to 
the takmgKm of more bbour 
that would dilide hs diare of 
profits; schemes would have to 
be drawn up in such a way that 
' they did not mhibheaqnnsion. 

But the wmcfoal consttaint 
b that pxont-sfaanngcan tmly 
be encouraged, not enforced. 
Hence the ChoiceUofs desiie 
to move by consultation, in 
search of a set of schemes that 
^nld^ command general 
industrial support To bimch a 
scheme that found fevtHir only 
in the City, where h provided 
yet anotto chaimrf for the 
payment of huge bonuses to 
market operators, would ht a 
sorry end to this initiative. 

In file end, however, Mr 
Lawson’s cfacuce biather siiii- 
pki: whether to underpin 
pi^tshaimg 8 ^ suffidCTt 
tib' advantages : 1 b 'overoome 
fife inertia cf British industty 
and British trade unions. A 
mtntmhTn of ConSUltatiOn b SU 

that b ifeeded to eaqilore fiie 
practu^ties. After that, it b 
tq) to the Chancellor to act • 



1976 'M: Jacques Chirac . finance, rnc|udxag the 

'/found ‘'that 

v’ Resident 
•^*'(fid.i;not- feave him .oioiigfi 
fteedom of action. So'itb at 
' fiisl.siglit rather surprising that 
he. ^nld now be mUing to 
accept appointment tor a sec- 
ond term as Mne Muuster 
ftom a pierideat who owes 
him nothing, and who repre- 
sents the opposite political 

But fab eaqiectatioii of hav- 
. mg more real pbwet thaii ten 
. yearsago is founded on a clear 
. ar^ • leasQiiabte atgupfeDt 
11»B it was M . Gbcaxd 
<r£staiiig 'who had a direct 
popular mandate, and though 
M Chiiacfs govemmeot en- 
joyed the confidence of the 
National Assembly it did 80 no 
more than any crther govern- 
ment tbePresideQt might have 
chosen. Now M Mitterrand’s 
mandate b five ycais Out of 
date,' and all but cancelled out 
poUtically by the mandate 
which M. Qurac.iias secured 
for himself as leader of the 
. new]y-e)ecied paiibm»tary 

The government, one may 
therefore reasomd^ expect, 
' wfll be M.Chixac's rather than 
M Mitterrand's. The feet that 
M Mitterrand bb agreed to let 
him seek ' parliaihenta^ 
a^ority to cany out ceitain 
measures 1^.. executive or- 

privati 2 ation: of nationalized y 
.^itstrip$ at^ ^ restoration 
ttfibe mtubit^ votixig 
teneb to simport that icason- .* 


On the other hand, the fed 
firatM Chirac has had to start 
by allowing the President to 
veto his first choices for two of 
the' most impoitant govern- 
meni ixists - foreign affitiis 
and ^ence, both areas in. 
whieb the constitution gives 
the : ' 'President speciilc , 
responsil^lies - goes some 
way to support the lival tbesb 
of M Chirac’s shccessor as 
- Prime 'Minisfer : lab thne 
round, M Raymond fiacre. In 
the laser’s view fife whole 
Qjuit <rf‘tfae constition requires 
the President to be fife domi- 
nant personage in the state. 
Tber^bie, he argues, the 
Opposition should have 
foi^t the dection on a clear 
promise to force M Mitterrand 
to resign if they won. 

What seems to be happening 
now b that the Barristes are 
winning some of the argmnent 
in logic but losing it politically, 
^ore the election they were 
unable to persuade the rest of 
theOimoaition to adopt their ' 
point OT view partly because 
Other Opposition leedeis;. and 
espedaUy M Chirac had no 
interest in pi ec i p i t ati hg a 
presidential efection which, if 
opinion poUs were anything to 

by, M Barre was likdy to 
van; and partly because they 
sensed that a pln^ to stage a 
constitutional crias was not an 
dectioii winner. * ' 

Modi - of the electorate, 
while glad enough to gettid of 
the Socialists government sees 
no reason why M Mitterrand 
Aould not serve out hb fiiU 
term in the Elysee and tends to 
think the coun^ would be 
better run if poUtidans could 
get over their diftereoces and 
agree to work to^sther. Which 
b what M Qtirac and M 
NGnertud are:Oow.ttyuig to 

One thing one cannot spy so 
ferb fiat de GanUe's constitu- 
tion has proved unworkaUe. 
In fifet fife General himsdf 
midht think it b wodong 
rattier wdL M Jean lexanact, 
the mao M Mitterrand has 
tuned down for Foieiga Min- 
bter, ran against de GaniUe fiv 
President in 1965 on an 
':^Atlanticbt'* or pro-American 
platform - and 1^ views have 
not changed mudi since. That 
-M Chirac should have pro- 
posed him for such a post 
shows how un-Gaullist the 
former GauUbt party has now 
b^me. In preserving the 
CootinuiQ[ of Fnmdi fmei^. 
policy against theebb and flow 
of paui^entaiy mpjorities, M 
Mitterrand b doing just what 
de . Gaulle conedved the 
president's job to be: 


' Britain has rmother opportu- 
nity to exert what influence it 
has over fife fixture of 
Omtus, whm Sir Geoffrey 
Hovfe Mds •Wery imporrant^ 
talks with Mr Andreas 
Pa]fendreon, the Greek fuime 
- miruster, in Athens^ today. 
They take place against the 
"backgpbiihd of - an. improved - 
' irdatioifehip ' between' Greece . 

. and its Western allies - which 
bjusias wen. because'th^ wU 
' ncedpJentyofgoodwffl- 

The nearest that anyrae to 

• come so fer to reuniting the 
didded island was in New 
York in January last year, 
when the UN Secrciaiy-G^ 
eid Senor Javier Perez de 
Cuellar produced a docum®®V 
whidi the Turkish Cypriot 

accratabie. But Prwidwt 
Kyprianou, repiWMting me 
Greek Cypriote did not 

sot as ft .*p e 
meeting Isokc up in disarray. 

retary-Ueneral is expected to 
present within the next few 
weeks. But has all that mudi 

. Mr papandreou and Presi- 
dent Kyiuianou fear that they 
might be confronted by an- 
other **semi-agreement** which 
will not addito a -number of 
issues which t^'see,^ osseo* 
-lid . prerequisites - induding 
the withdrawal .around 
17,000 Turkish .tipo^-and the 
right of all Cypnbts to move, 
live and worir wherever they 
choose on the bhnd. The 
difficulty feced by the UN 
negotiators is that^ Mr 
Denktas’s self-proclaimed - 
Turkiife Republic of Northem 
Cyprus CD^Q refii^ to 
accept thne aspre-cdoditions. 
They are, they say, complex 
issues affect^ the securiQr 
and economic well-beh% of 
the Turkish laiuority. At least 
they should be left until a hew 
iMeral -fi^ewoik. has .been/ 
given, time fo move. itself - - 

After a ffir wound^ when, tiiey .could besorted out 
pride to heal, and for elections by a mocess of subKxnmnit- 

. ■ 

m both commuhities, the 
industrious Pfepez de Cueto is 

now almost ready to 
another 'attempt.. Recent. s<^. 
oiled “Ibw-fever talks with 
both cprmmimties have pr^ 
pared 'dis .way. ^ a new. mnft 
"agnmitieBi: ’ wfaich .. the • Se^. 


: What Senor -Javier Perez de 
<^iar has to .do b to find a 
formula .which, wilt satisfy, the 
Gredb ^without upset^sgng 
the Turks. As '(o’ Sir Geoffrey, 
he has to impress upon Mf 
Phpandteou:(as be did upon 

Mr OzaL the Turkish Prime 
Minister, in London last 
moDthX that hb government 
should use its considerate 
influence upon the Qn^ots to 
steer them towards the nec- 
essary comprombe. 

There is some ifeed for 
urgency, following signs of 
fif^ Soyiet-interest in exploit- 
ing the- atuation. A set of 
Russian moposals two months 
^ included a call for an 
international conference and 
the remov^ of all foreign 
troops fiom the island. Those 
''foreign troops" tadude Brit- 
ish soldiers and airmen on the 
Soverti^ Base Areas and the 
long-range radar station on 
Mount Olympus. 

The Russian initiative was a 
reminder tto Cyprus with its 
unique strate^pratiofli IS the 
Mediterranean and 
the mvolvement .of two op- 
pose Nato powers, b too 
impoitant to ^ left ent^y to 
life Cypriots. The UN 'initia- 
tive offers the two commu- 
nities their best chance to 
mend - or rather tear down - 
their fences. Britain as one of 
fife guarantors of its indepen- 
dence has an official as well as 
a . veri^ interest in trying to 
ensure that they seize it 


to Nicaragua 

From the Overseas Director ef 

Sir, Your leader oa March 17 
supporting militsy aid to the 
Cmum Tor their war against 
Nicangoa attributes a surpnsiife 
Dusibex positive resoits to 
conflicL Tl^ b certain^ aot our 

Asa humanitarian agency work- 
ing ill Nicaragua for more than 20 
yews we find all our work there 
now threatened by the Contra war. 

14.000 Nicaragiatts have b fe n 
killed ance 1981. There are 

250.000 internal lefegees who 
have kA the border zones where 
the Omtras operate. 

Deveknitoeat pro j ect s have 
been desttoyed. Priorities have 
been dbtorled by the needs of 
defence, and now Presidest Re^ 
gan b asking fer as much aid in 
one year as the Contras hare 
received in total from the US 
Government since 1981. The 
Contras have been guilty of grass 
human rights violations: Indeed 
tohh, literacy and derefepment 
workers are often singled out by 
the Contras for torture ad execD- 

It b ironic that the US 
Administration’s plea fbr a fi&tiier 
$ 100 , 000,000 to support the 
Cbntns comes fesxng Oeotral 
America Week here in Bthain. Aid 
agencies, human rights 
organisations and chnreh gro np a 
hare organised events in over 100 
(owns and dties around the 
country to Skus attention on 
pover^ and crwflict in Central 

la our view thb latest proposal 
ca only serve to pnuoog the 
sufifahv in tile r^ioa and ireakea 
the position of those both inside 
Nicaragua and abroad treking 
peaceful devekvment 
'Yours sincerely, 


Overseas Dutetor, Oxfem, 

274 fianbnry Rond, 



Hie Savery case 

f>om the Director ef Sdueatkos 
Sir, In hb piece entitfed 
.erawm of freedom** in last 
Thursday's TTmas (hferA 13k Mr 
Ronald Butt e xp re s a ra coneem 
tiiat a hb opaiion, **1716 free 
expresrew of opinion b under 
threat .. and democracy b being 
destroyed.** Mr Butt should con- 
sider the biue a tittle mace deeply 
and recognise that freedom cuts 

tr an indhodsa!^ exptessiofli of 
opixikm b extreme arc provoo- 
atire enough to be deq^ and 
seriously . oflfrnsire to othen, 
psrtundairly ti»ae with whom he 
or she b sapposed 10 be woric^ 
tiien vdiose Dtedom b pot at ibk? 

Some action b needed to ensoie 
tiiat the question b inves ty ted 
otgectively in common justice to 
d»se who are anackBd and the 
phifosopby which they imhokL 
That b fife proces s whiefa I have 
^ n train s Mr Sroiyb ease: 

Since Mr Bus b concened drat - 
*^de 8 ipcracy b beoig destroyed** 
by thb proeera, he may get some 
icawuraiw from the frict that the 
arhiten in the procedure are from 
among those who hare been 
demoaaticstiy elected by the peo- 
frie oftiw County of Avon to run 
the •ntbofirir's aoura. 

Yoors fruthniUy, 


Director of Education, 

County Avon, 


Avon Home North, 

St James Barton, 




Cost of gardening 

From Mrs Thea Hawthorn 
Sir, Mr Roscher (March 18) is no 
doubt c orr ect in hb aritiUBetic; 
but he really should not frighten OS' 
sa Tte cost of the seed b trivial in 
total, and fitr outweighed by the 
value of the tomatoes begrows;a 
rake, you only buy once; many of 
OS Qi^ find ptemy to do witboot 
a greenhouse. 

The true ecpncxnics of ganbo- 
ing are quite difierem — th^ put a 
price Ml the things we don't doe 
the foreign bolida^ we don't take, 
the golf clubs we don't jom (has 
Mr Roscher noticed the subscni^ 
tions lately?), the dnemas. we 
don't go ta I don't knowhow we 
fiiould live without h. - 
I am. Sir, yours stneerriy. 






Manh IK 

Where hospital cuts hurt most 

From the Chairman of HFesi 
Lambeth Health Authority 
Sir. In hb comments on 
wardclosuies, the Director of the 
Association of Independent Hos- 
pitals (March 14) ignores an 
essential difference between pri- 
vate patient beds in NHS bospitab 
and feose risewhere. The 16 NHS 
beds at St Thomas* Hospital I 
proposed to use f(W private pa- 
tients are oc e uiwed by NHS pa* 
tiens with a near 100 per cent 
occupancy rate. The case mix of 
private and NHS patiems at St 
Thomas* b viruially the same. 

*nuis all treatment and other 
costs are already betog incurred. 
The use of these beds Tor private 
patients would resuh in net ad^ 
liooal income of £727,000 to the 
health authority, allowii^ fbr a 
lower private bM utilisation and 
somea^t higher **hoter costs. 
Thb would be a significant help in 
meeting the £2 ntinioo cub we 
fece this year. 

Any oreaniation that has cash 
flow difficulties can improve its 
cost efficiency, reduce hs activity 
or generate more income. The 
denrand for beahb service at St 
Thomas* Hoqtital fer exceeds the 
financial resonrees the rerional 
health autiiority considers it can 
provide under present resouice- 
allocatioD pttiicies: 

To avoid over-spendiDg West 
Lambeth Health Authoriqr was 
asked ID agree to fiuther effiaeno' 
savings (we hare alreacN saved £S 
milliM over the last four years, 
much of it lee ni r in g), severe 
reductions in services and to 
accqn two proposab to generate 
more income. Of 22 separate 
proposals, 21 were accepted, albeit 
some of them with fee utmost 
reluctance. Only the pnmosri to 
increase fee number of private 

The real issue b the presrat 
incongruons approach to fimding 
the NnS. Recat correspondence 
(Pr ofe s s or Shuster and Mr Cole- 
inan, March IS) has drawn atten- 
tion to the pnwems of dbtricb 
supposed to be gaming from 
redis&ibutimi. The damage being . 
ansed to losing dittricis such as 
West Lambeth is severe and h b 
no exaggeration to say that fund- 
ing policies threatoi the very 
Mtictewf** of a number of our 
kai^ teadting hosphab and the 
rapid deterioration of centres of 
mefecal excdUence of inter- 
BUional standing. 

Clearly fee present nsoarce 

Advertisers on TV 

From the ContrMer qf BBC-1 
Sir, Mr Kenneth Miles’s aign- 
menis (March 13) that advertisers 
lave no designs on the editorial 
content of television programmes 
are somewhat disingenuous. 
Experience io the UK and US 
demonstrates otherwise. 

When fee IBA maigittany 
eroded the ITV companies* 
airtime selling moooi^y by creat- 
ii« TV-am, advertisers clearly 
disapproved of Peter Jay's inno- 
vative but ri^ ‘'mission to 
caqilain" when it foiled to deliver 
winning ratings immediately. 
They witbdr^ their moi^ and 
TV-am were forced to respm^ 
wife a new populist approach in 
order to snrvire and reattiact 
■dvertbing revenue. 

(n the United Slates where fee 
three main networks compete for 
revenne the Isales directors tit in 
on and influence fee proceu by 
which ' pFOgrammes are* either 
caiKelled or commissioned. 

I do agree wife Mr Miles feat in 
30 years of independent television 
her^ advertisers hare never inter* 
fered wife schedules and content. 
That b because ITV has a near 

Would CJiannel Four's now 
succrasfoi policy have survived 
intact alter ib Iwmpy start if its 
airtime were not being sold by fee 
ITV companies? 

Yours fiuibfully, 


Controller; BBC-1. 

BBC Tdevition Ctotre, 

London W 12. 

March 17. 

Keeping out the cold Inner city fobric 

From the SayedJdries Shah From the Chairman of the Assoch 

Sir, The J^ranese kotatsu table 
wife a warming dement under H 
and 8 quilt to contaiD the beat, and 
also the 'Ttiece of Spanish 
fitruiture^ (m R J. Krayon. 
March 18) b, in foct, tbe central 
Asian sandati. It seems more than 
likely that it reached Japan from 
thb area ~ as did, for example. 
Buddhism from the Afoban 
Bamiyan monasteries. 

^milarfy, given tbe contact 
between fee eastern Islamic world 
and Spain during tbe Arab period, 
the sandaii may well have come 
from this origin. 

Incideotally, the idea ma^ not 
catch on here. Tbe introdiictioo of 
a fott-heater of a charcoal 
brazier was pioneered by the 
Afghan Master the Minu Sufi 
Abdul-Hafflid Khan, in fee 1950& 
Inqrired by this, 1 took tbe idea to 
tbe Patent Office: where 1 was 
inierviewed by an officiaL 
After tistemng to me for some 
time mid looking at my sketches, 
be called in two associates who 
mulled over tbe question and gave 
me tbe veardict: "To place one's 
body half under a taUe, wife 
beater and quilt to conserve 
wanmb may be a good idea. We 
do not foci, however, that kixid 

of thing b wanted in EaglmML" 
With respects, yours tnify, 

Lahgton House, 

Langmn Green, 

Nr Tunlmdge Wdb, 

March 18. 

aiion (^Consultant Planners 
Sir. It b encouraging that Lord 
Young is applying hb consid- 
erable energies to resolvii^ tbe 
difficulties facing our dties in 
their inner areas (report, March 
1 2). I am sure be b ri^t to look to 
educational aad training reform as 
one basis. 

But it would be a serious matter 
if .your Social Policy Conespon- 
dent has correctly re^ the sisals 
of an Old to laige-scale govern- 
ment intervention. For hand in 
hand whh streogfeening fee soda! 
fabric, must go the conservii^ and 
improvement of tbe physical foth 
ric. There b wide concern that tbe 
housing stock in particular b 
deteriorating in quahty, and it b 
to see how ilus can be 
arrested if urban fiindmg pro- 
grammes are curtailed. 

Yours foithfuUy, 

C. J. HOLLAND, Chairman, 
Assodaiion of Consultant Plan- 

42-46 Weymouth Street, Wl. 
March 12. 

Menningfill terms 

From Mr M. A. WybBtore-SmUh 
Sir. I am no longer bemg offered 
second-hand cars by aotor trad- 
ers; they are pre-owned and pre- 
selected. Will they be any better? 
.Yours ^thfully. 

Moat Cottage. 

Tnig^st Lane, 

BerkswelL Coventry. 

Gifldren in care 

FromlhePresidaaqf tkeNaiimal 
Children’s Bureau 

Sir, Despite Hs undoubted gcxid 
intentions, the Chilfeen and 
Young Persons (Afflendment) Bill 
b not is tbe aterests of dtOdren. 

coflgigues and I have under- 
take] very wdde consultations 
amongst tbe statutory authorities, 
the voluatary child care 
organisatiems ana is tbe legal field; 
and the overwhdming consensus 
b feat the Bin b at to untimely 
but could also do barm. 

Two points immediatdy occur. 
Brat, as Mr Kom-Cooper and hb 
point out in the letter 
which you publifeed today 
(Marcfa I9X fee pnsseni jumbie of 
child care law constitutes a fimber 

risk to children by its cooftision 
for all concmied. Mr Dennb 
Walters's Bill would add further to 
that confti^otL 

The Government has accepted 
tbe challenge posed in 1984 by the 
select commitiee on the sodal 
services to review and darify tbe 
law in ct^ care ahd its wzddy 
welcomed review paper b cur- 
rently be^ resexamined in the 
l^t of responses fiotn aD the 
relevant agencies. Tbe expected 
outcome from thb review b new, 
well considered govenunent 1 ^ 
bbtion and the Bill b therefore 

Secondly, tbe courts, at least as 
presently constituted, are not the 
ap^pnaie or proper plaos for 
waghing the complex and sen- 
sHtve circumstances nhid sur- 
round decisions about efailfeen in 

care. Tbe Government's review 
reinforces thb point, nUdi b now 
widely accepted, so feat the Bill is 
contraiy to the spbit of their 
proposro legislation. 

If it had been enacted, Mf 
Walters's Bill would not have 
saved Jasmine Bedeford's life; 
•fuithennore, many abused diil- 
dren are not in foct in care. Even 
for those children and fomilies 
whose lives would be affected by 
hb Bill, the proposed changes 
have nofeing to commend them 
and could, m particular circum- 
stances, be hanw to tbe children 

I remain, yours foithfuUy, 

National Children's Burean, 

8 Wakley Street, EC2. 

March 19. 

allocation polin foib to meet 
anyone's needs, ft b not enoto to 
put more money into the NHS if 
the basic aimro^ to debuting 
that money b unsound. 

It is surprising feat a Gonsnw 
vative of an governmenb should 
seek to pursue a poIiQ^ of levelling 
down to a common level of 
mediocrity at fee expense of fee 
. few centres of excdlence we have. 
Yours faithfully, 


West Lambefe Health Authority, 
St Thomas* Ho^tal, SEl. 

March 17. 

Frtmt Mr Maurke&ttttm 
Sir, Professor Shuster’s statement 
(March IS) feat "Government 
policy is nothing to than to 
dismantle the NHS" b arrant 
nonsense. any totimate 
parameter the money avaitoe for 
fee NHS has risen every year in 
real terms. Also a genuine raort b 
being made to reduce inefficiency 
and mismanagement 

What critics of NHS fimding 
conveniently forget U that fee 
doctors' obs^on wife expentive 
high technology equipment b a 
major foctor in fee pemuual 
funding crises. 

A consultant's worth b now 
often. measured by fee expensive 
equipment that he can acquire 
rathtf fean bow hb patienb &re. 

. Those notinthe medical field may 
be interested to know that tbe two 
do not necessarily go together. 
Yoms faithfully, 
Department of Radiotherapy and 

North Middlesex Hospital, 
Edmonton, N18. 

March 15. 

From ^v^aor Mkhaet Baum 
Sir, The DHSS talks about "cost 
improvement measures", our re- 
gionk health authority talks about 
"efficiency ravings" and the doc- 
tors and nurses ca the CambeiweD 
itofe district t^ about "cub". 

The ministry of health sound 
more like George Orwell's min- 
isuy oTNenty every day, so that 
whenever ' Norman FoMer an- 
nonnees increased resonice alloca- 
tion to the NHS I break out in a 
Yours foithfuUy, 


King's College School of Medicine 
and Dentistry, 

Denmark Hill, SES. 

March 17. 

MARCH 21 1878 

Mere titan enee *Yhi feu 
has rqtrintsd artides by Wiluem 
Hoteard Bussell in hit role as the 
greet tear correspondent Here he 
isaind id trumpets to inspire 

urttirtg. He hod left 
TbsTtaes in 1863 but the paper 
and he aeconipaniedtite Printed 

Wdes (later Eduard VU) on his 
journey ferougft fee Indian sub- 
continent in I87S-6. 


(Friun Our foiecdal 


(Tamp Jumiift, OB fee Saida, 

I can only deserfrie friiat oo* 
emed to-d^ from tbe somewhat 
of those who late in 
fee afternoon returned from a 90 
mfles run on the backs of tame 
el^hants, asd who went wife fee 
Prince on an expeditioD to see the 
mode of fighting capturing 
wild ones, b notliiu which 
so ptoes a optive “hathi as to 
batter one of Ife fiee brethren into 
such a state of stupidity and 
weakness chat he is untide to 
fr us tr a te the arts of tbe snarer who 
slips tbe and chain round his 
tegs and leto hhn into servitude. 
In Nepaul this science is practised 
in ptoction. There are certain 
elephanCB of great atzeogth, oour^ 
a^ address, and mato^y ^ 
wards their species which are kept 
for the puiporas of fifeting: There 
are othm of extraordinary speed 
to follow fee chase «rife tbe 
qiectator— lueus a non lueendo— oo 
their backs. One of the gravest old 
savages in the worid, who b shown 
as the hero of 100 f^ts, and who 
has never yet been beatau, is 
fosCened ig> outside thb camp in a 
sort of little domain of hb own. Hb 
bulk b incredible. The enormous 
size of hb limbs, body, and head 
dimmbhes the et&et td hb great 
stature. He has only ona tusk, 
having lost the other in action. Hb 
heed, which diqilayB gigantic 
bungiB of combativeness and de- 
struedoB. b coloured blood red. 
and hb body, b of a . similar 
aangoinaiy hue. There b a tree by 
hb aide to which hb legs are 
secured first by coils of stout 
rope, and then hy iron cables, and 
when he leans forward the bee 
bane too, and then there comes 
into your heed, "Which way shall I 
tun when he puUs it up?" Hb 
attendants li ve - if their exbtence 
can be called Ihring-in huts close 
to him, and any priw feel 

in being of hb suite b evidratly 
subdued by fear, for they approach 
him mindtoy, and I dare say utter 
inward propitiatory words. He b 
never atr^ and hb qre^ full: of 
devilitiielmiuDg, never losra si^ 
of youTor a momesiL The fienfesh 
' joy of such B monstra of strengfe in 
being bd out to battle can be 
eqxxienced. perhaps, by a prize 
filter backed heavily foe a sure 
thong. Perb^n, however, be may be 
really a philelephant, and be 
actuated l:^ a friendly desire to 
redaim hb erring bnahien and 
sulqeet them to the processes of 
civQbation-to cany burdens, and 
bear ferdefa and goading. 

There were two benb of els' 
pbants in the wood east of tbe 
camp, and it was Sir Jun^ desire 
to cqMure them under the eyes of 
the Prince. Horses were ordered to 
be ready at 7am, and the fast 
ek^iants wife pads were sent on 
abto for tbe Prince and hb party. 
Howdahs cannot be used for thb 
work— they would be swept off by 
the branches. Tbe Prince has to get 
astride on a pad, bolding on by a 
stng^-fee mahout in front with a 
"kifoeree" to cut creepers and urge 
hb "hathi", behind a man wife a 
maDet to htoner the creature into 
foil qieed, and these trained racers 
win do seven miles an hour, the 
usual pace of tbe anftnab beii^ 
only 3\^, as a high average. When 
the party had ridden a few miles 
they fou^ the pad eleptots and a 
nnmto of others, and were told 
that the fighting fellows wme on 
ahead eng^ed wife some of the 
wild ones, who, headed by an old 
tuskar, were showing a bcM front, 
and giving batde resohitely. 
Fbrvto" was the word. The 
Prince had at least a novel sensa- 
tion DOW, for fee elephant, 
"kukeraed" before and nxalleted 
bdtind, dashed on at a a p ee d which 
would have been exhilarating 
enough, but that be went crashing 
throu^ trees, down ravines. 19 
wiiWaha , throu^ jungle in the most 
reckless and terrible manner, and 
that he had an infinite store of 
water in hb ptoboseb, which he 
lepjenbhed at every pool and 
shdoed himself with from time to 
time as he ran to cool hb sides, 
quite fbigettii^ that he bad outsid- 
ers, too, and drenching tbe Prinee 
unmercifully. After two hours of 
thb wild career over vmy difficult 
country Sir Jung called a hah and 
suggested that they should send 
back and have fee tents moved tqi 
to the place where they were aad 
contimie the chasr. but it was 
considered best to return to camp, 
as it might be difficoh to have 
teats struck, moved, and picchol 
by the evening. So the hunt was up 
again, till Sir Jung once more 
pulled iq> and told the Prinee he 
was 25 mOes from hb camp and 
that they must op and returo. 
As they were dbrnotiuted, firing 
some refreshment, lunnefB Mwg 
19 to announce t^t some of the 
herd had broken back. 
Mount at once," Sir 

Jung, "you are mt safe. ()et on 
your eJephants." Another scout 
came to report that the tiuker had 
struck to .fee left and that fee 
fighters were engaged ^fe him. 
Cm went the Mnce and party full 
speed again, but they did hot see 
the ba^. They only'bebald the 
lerah, for about ten miles back 
tto captive— hble^ 

tied-an elephant on each side asd 
one before and one bfeind hiiB. hb 

proboseb dejected, bb tail bleed- 
ing, hb ribs punched, hb head 
battered, hb bearing evwvriing 
sonowfiiL Sir Jm% was b^’ no 


V.— .• 

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March 20: Mr Giaham Greene 
bad the honour of being re- 
ceived by The Queen when Her 
invesied him with the 
insignia of a Member of the 
Order of Merit. 

Dr Frederick Sanger had the 
honour of being received by The 
Queen when Her ui> 

vested him with the Insignia of a 
Member of the Order of Merit. 

His Excellency Senor Jorge 
Eduardo Navarreie was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen and presented the Letters 
of Recall or his p redecessor and 
his own Letters of Credence as 
Ambassador Extraordinary and 
Plenipotentiary from Mexico to 
the Court of St James's. 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the Embassy triio had the 
honour of being presented to 
Her Majesty; Senor Lie Raphael 
Steger (Minister). SeAor Lie 
Maria de los Angeles Lopez 
Q neg ^ de Dreier (Minister 
(Miilulaieral AfEiirs)), Seilor Ing 
German Castafreda (Minister 
(Consular Affairs)). Sefror 
Ignacio Duidn (Minister (Con- 
sular Affairs)), Vice-Admiral 
Osvaldo Fourzan Marquez (Na- 
val Attache), Major-General 
Hteior Ahuja (Military Atta- 
che). Senor Martha Millan de 
Wasmer (Counsellor}, and Se- 
nor Lie Luis Cabreia-Cuaron 
(Counsellor (Commercial 

Sir Antony Acland (Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Afll^TS) who bad the honour of 
being received by The Queen 
was present and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr Roger Hervt^ had the 
honour ofbeing received by The 
(^ueen and received his Chain of 
Office upon his appointment as 
Vice-Marsbai of the Diplomatic 

Mr W. R. Tomkys (Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 
Damascus) and Mrs Tomkys 
bad tbe honour of being re- 
ceived bv Her Majesty. 

Mrs Margaret Bryan was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen kissed bands upon 
her appointment as Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary'and PJetupotenziary at 
Panama City. 

The Queen this afternoon 
opened and toured the new 
Head Office of the Standard 
Chartered Group at 38 
Bishopsgate. London, EC3. 

Her Majesty was received 
upon arrival by the Right Hon 
tbe Lord Mayor (Sir .Allan 
Davis) and the Chainnaa of 
Standard Chartered Bank pic 
(the Lead Barber). . 

The Hon Mary Motrison, Mr 
Robert Fellowes and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Blair Stewart-Wil- 
son were in attendance. 

The Queeo. with the Duke of 
Edinburgh, this evening 
honoured with her presence the 
Royal Film Performance K'A/re 
A'(gbis in aid of tbe Cinema and 
rdevision Benevolent Fund 
(President. Mr Sydney 
Samuelson) at the Odeon 'The- 
atre. Leicester Square. 

Her Majesty and His Royal 
Hi^ness later left Euston Sta- 
tion in the Royal Train to visit 
Greater Manchester. 

The Duchess of Grafton, Mr 
Robert Fellowes and Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel Blair Stewart-WU- 
son were in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 
President of tbe Royal Mint 
Advisory Committee, this 

morning ebaired a meedng of 
the Committee at Buckuigham 

His Royal Highness, Presi- 
dent of Vt'orld wildlife FUnd 
Internationa] launched ^ ZSth 
Anniversary Campaign of 
Woiti Wjldife Fund. United 
Kingdom at tbe Institution of 
Civil Engiiieers, Great Geoige 
StreeL London SWl. 

Brigadier Give Robertson 
was in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, 
President of the World Federa- 
tion Equesuc inlcinationale 
Four-in-Hand Driving 
Oiampionsbips for 1986, this 
afternoon presided over a Press 
Conference at the Royal Mews, 
Buckingham Palace. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 

Tbe Princess Anne, Mia Mailt 
Phillips. President of the Save 
the C^dren Fund, this morning 
visited the Hammersmith 
Gypsy Piqlect London, WIO 
where Her Royal Hiehiiess was 
received by the Mayor ^ 
Hammersmith (Councillor K. 

Afterwards The Princess 
Anne. Mrs Mark Phillips visited 
the Souibeni R^ooal Office of 
iheSave the Children Fund and 
the African Family Advisory 
Centre. Goldbawk Road. WI2. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Pbillips. l^iroo of the Riding 
for the Disabled Association, 
attended a luncheon at tbe 
Saddlers' Hall. London. EC2 
and received the lOth Silver 
Jubilee Saddle from the 
Worshipful Company of 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Master of the 
Worshipful Company (Mr T. 

Tbe Princess Anne. Mrs Marie 
Phillips. Chancellor of the 
University of London, this eve- 
ning attended the London Ho^ 
pitm Medical College's Bi- 
centenary Dinner at GuildhalL 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice-Chancellor of 
the University (the Lord Flow- 
ers) and the Dean of the Coli^ 
(Profeasor M. Royer). 

March 20; Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mather this afternoon 
open^ the Princess Alice Hos- 
pice at Esher. 

Ruth. Lady Fermoy and Sir 
Marlin Gllliat were in 

March 20; The Prince of Wales. 
President. The Prince of Wales's 
Advisory Group on Disability, 
accompanied by The Princess of 
Wales, this moming chaired a 
meeting of the Group at Ken- 
sington P^ace. 

His Royal Highness, Colonel 
in Chief. Sih Royal (nnisldllnig 
Dragoon Guards, this afternoon 
received Brigadier Allan Find- 
lay upon relinquishing bis 
appqintmeni as Colonel of the 
iCf^meni and Major-General 
Richard Keightley upon assum- 
ing the appoinnnent. 

March ^ Tbe Princess Mar- 
Earet, Countess of Soowdon. 
President of the Giil Guides 
Association, this evening visited 
the Olave Centre. Hampstead, 
and attended a Supper given by 
the World Comminee. 

Lady Juliet Townsend was in 
attendance. . 

March 20: The Duke of 
Gloucester this morning opened 
the Rothwell Community and 
Sports Centre. In the aftenioon 
His Royal PPigbnew visited 
Texas Homecare nscributirKi 
Centre, Wellingboroi^ and 
opened their new Home Charm 

The Duke of Gloucesto- trav- 
elled in an aircraft of The 
Queens Flight. 

Memorial service 

Mr O. Palme 

The King of Sweden was r ep re - 
sented by the Swedish Ambas- 
sador, who also gave an address, 
at a memorial service for Mr 
Ok>f P^ilme held in Westminster 
Abbey yesterday. The Prime 
Minister read the lesson and the 
Speaker was re p resented by Mr 
Ernest Armstrong. MP. Tbe 
Right Rev Edward ICnapiy 
Fisher officiated, assisted by the 
Rev Alan Luff, precentor and 
sacrist, and the Rev Lennart 
^ostrom. Pastor of the SwedUh 
Chureb in Loadoa. Other tril^ 
uies were paid by Mr Neil 
IGiuiock, L^der of the Oppi> 
sition, and Mrs Gertrud 
Sigurd^, representing the 
Swedish GovernmenL The 
Swedish National Flag was car- 
ried in proossfon by pupils 
from tbe Swedish School , in 
London and placed on the high 
altar. Mr Ingvar Wixell ,sa^ 
“Sverige" and "Det eviga . 
Canon Trevor Beeson. Canon 
Sebastian diaries. Canon An- 

thony Harvey, the Rev Michael 
Thompson, the Ptev Sven 
Evaader. the Rev Anders Fehn 
and (be Rev Mats Hagehn were 
ro^ and in the sacrarium. 

Princess Margareita of Swe- 
den was represeaied by Mr Jbi^ 
Ambler. Tbe Deputy 
Mayor of Westminster and Mr 
LJ.D. Haywood, the Lord 
Mayor of London, who was 
accompanied by Mr a>erifrJ« 
Neary, the Secretary of Stale 
Forrign and Commonwealth 
AfTairs. Mr James 
CallagbSEuMP, the Leader oftbe 
Liberal Party and tbe Leader of 
the Social Democraiic Party 
also attended. Among others 
pr e sen t were: 

San Ornw. MP. th* Hon 
GwyneUi Oimwoodr. MP. the Fbit 
8«a LM ena liSy suy^iair. 8*r 

CMOian. Stf owriini and La^ Mw- 
wTstr JtBr^.ana uey P tunm . 

Dr Alw MP fCMOmuL 

anosh OwMUti mUanMBUiy 
and LMV R«Mila Arm. Mr Jcffra 
ATOitf ^MPiiQr OwntuB of th e 
CocMTvaBve and UnWnlH PanyX 
Catnu and Ootinlan Bamsdeoe. Air- 
MnhM A O ffl daglBy (Air MMll W 
'for PiraSinafiT PgSiar and sm 
Mtehao HSMtoe. Mr Jps 
Narman wuut. Mr Rtchart Todd 
(TUC ImmanonH CammillK dnd 
Ti iiidicirt Oencrei WofMf$ Voionf. 
Mr CP Srtvaauva tsteniaryomnL 
bitnrwnoml MvlUme Organ Slkw). 
Mr TWiMd T«nta ^pr en d w i L bue^ 
nadonH Anur GonnUtaex Mr P 
8hertm (OwgdiehCMiMbar at 
merca. Landed). hSm W P Mornui 
(SorcMndtt tatenauonal Oub at 
WeetwUh). M- J B MORla tNMIei al 
Cold O to n to F«d«nUonX Mr A ^ 
Oarat aa ( H e ^n e au Porter CtMoiAet- 
lam), rvotwaar b c Qante nnoe- 
greMMt.. Unnean society at 

Mr Mm jaeobsan Omerraaoml on 
Ptfhoien Coaipemdiloo Pim^ Mr M 
MlU«r tr^emaa Miner and San). Mr 
Arthur Ctdilngnworot OJulMt National 
Univtfecyl tSe Rev Protasar S 1 
etm OMverm er waicM. Mr M 
Black wttb Mr G Qarkr and BABa D 
Barham tCmdlaya Bank and AfO 

HatvcMcMaM. Mr and Mn E 
Oouldme (Moram upariaumt. Hr 
isn UUarda. MP. CPJohn CumMPfr 
ham, hw Mtcim Meacbtr. MP. 

and ottMT Mtadiui at Paltaonnt.- 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr W.W, Lucy 
and Miss CMX. Bonn 
The engagement is announced 
between William Walraod, sou 
ofMmoraiid Mrs D.P.V. Lucy, 
of The Chantry. Qlminster, 
Somerset and Calis^ youngiM 
daughter of Sir David and Lady 
Barran. of Kensington Square, 
and Brent Eleigh, SuiToIk. 

Mr N J». BeOhy 
and Mias CJL Mnssey 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Nicholas Ptmeray, el- 
dest son of Dr Frederick Beilby 
and Mrs John .Aitken, and 
Carolyn, daughter oftbe late Mr 
Charies Massey and the late Mrs 
Verena Ireland and ste{p 
daughter of Major Ian Ireland. 
Mr A.LT. Benidge 
and Miss MX. 

The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Lawrence, son 
of ihe late Mr Brian fierridge 
and Mrs Joseph Gurney, of 
Nofthrepps Hall. Cromer, N<h'- 
folk, and Marilyn, only daughter 
of Commander Alan Bon, US 
Nav? re^ and Mrs Bocu of 
Portsmouth. New Hampshire, 
United States. 

Mr J.A. Cooke 
and Miss J AllewcU 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan, youngest son 
of Mr and Mrs M.A. Cooke, of 
Shrivenh^, Wiltshire, and Jac- 
queline. eidtf daugbi^ of Mr 
and Mrs MJ. AUeweU, of 
Stickford House. Stickford, Bos- 
ton. Lincolnshire. 

Mr J.l. IMcbek 
and Miss &J. Terpr 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeffrey Ian, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Murray Oicbek, of 
Scarsdale, New York, and Susan 
Jane, only daughter of Mr and 
Mrs David Teny, of Ladywood, 

Mr AJ. HoBtsn 
and Miss VjL Patrick 
The engagement is announced 
between Adrian James, eldest 
son of Mr and Mis James 
Houstoun. of Buckburst HilL 
Essex, and Vii]ginia Amanda, 
daughter of the late Mr and Mrs 
Nigel Patrick. 

Mr MX;>I. Mosdey 
and Miss F. Ran 
The engagement is announced 
between Marcus, elder son of 
Mr Ian Moseley, of Unlestone. 
Kent, and Mrs Anne Moseley, of 
3 Smith Street, Chelsea, and 
Faye, daughter of Dr and Mis 
Lazar PUn, of New York. 

Mr RJ,B. So^cr 
and Miss JX. Strayaii 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert son of Mr and 
Mis Bruce Ropner, CamphilL 
Bedale, Yorkshire, and 
Johanna, youngs daudrter of 
Mr and Mis CS.R. Stroyan, 
Bridgend of Teith, Doune, 

Mr CTX. FeUowes 
and Miss CE. Speke 
The fwgyfwg nt ts announced 
beCweenCbarles rtmothy Lyon, 
youngest son of the late Captain 
Neville FcOowes and of Mrs 
Neville Fellowes. of 
Beeefaingstoke Barn, Pewsey. 
Wiltshire, and Clayre Elizabeth, 
younger dat^bter of Lieutenant- 
ulonel and Mrs N.P1R. Speke; 
of Aydon White House, 
Coibridge, Northumbeiiand. 

Mr TJ*. O'SelBran 
and Mira NJM. Ward 
The en^gemeni is announced 
between Timothy, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs DJ. O'Sullivan, of 
Beckenham. Kent and Nichola 
Ma^ daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Derek H.G. Want of Short- 
lands, Kmt 
Mr A.P.M. Prince 
a^ Mira SJ.T. Tate 
The engagmeni is aaoottoced 
between Andrew, son of Captain 
Peter Prince. RN, and Mrs 
Prince, of Hammersmith, Lon- 
don. and Sally, dau^ter of Mr 
Geoffrey Tate. FR<^ and Mis 
Tate, of Harrogate, Yorkshire. 
Mr D.IL Thoinpsoo 
and Mira AjC Nan 
Tbe engyement is announced 
betweeo^vid Keith, son of Mr 
and Mrs F. Thompson, of 
Christchurch. Dorset and Au- 
drey Caroline, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs B. Nutt ^ Thetford, 

Dr P.TX WSsoo 
and Miss P.M.V. Melloa 
The engagement is announced 
between Piers 'Hmothy John, 
eldest son of Mr LS. Witsonand 
the late Mrs J.E Wilson, of 
Walkent Hertfordshire, and Pa- 
tricia Margaret Vibeke, daugh- 
ter of Mr J. Mellon and the late 
E Mellon, and step- 
daughter of Mrs P. Mellon, of 
tbe British Embassy, 

Mr MX Wright 
and Miss PX. W«rd 
The engagcmeni {$ announced 
between Malcolm, son of Mr 
and Mrs Norman AJL Wri^t 
of West Wickham, Kent and 
P*hilippa Louise, daughter of hfr 
and Mrs Derek H.G. Ward, of 
Shonlands, Kent 


' Mr B J.S. Bknrer 
and Miss S,T. Wagner 
The marriage rook place at St 
Peter. Slinrmd. West Sussex, on 
Saturday, March 8. 1986, be- 
tween Mr Benjamin JS, Blower, 
of North Cove, Beccles, Suffolk, 
and Mira Selina T. Wagner, of 
Toat Farm, ItcbiogSeJd. 

Mr M.W. MePberson 
The marriage took place at 
Woodhridge, Suffolk, on Sat- 
urday, Febru^ 22, b etwee n Mr 
Malcolm William McPherson 
and Mira Hilary Ann Cobb. 


Cs iHiia a As e io cia tiBn 
Tbe Archbishop of 

WesDninsrer. Basil 

Hume. OSB. and the Abbot of 
Ealing and Abbot Pre s ide n t of 
the Benedictine Con- 

BCgation, tbe Right Rev Francis 
Roasiter, OSB, were tbe gurats 
of honour at a dinner last night 
to eddme tbe 700th meeting of 
the Circle of the Catenum 

Assodanra held in the Orchard 
HaD at St Benedict's ScfaooL 
Ealiim The other guests in- 
dudM the Prior of Ealiy 
Abbey, the Mayor of Ealin& Sir 
Geoige Young, MP, Mr Hairy 
Greenway, MP, the Grand 
President of the Catenian 
.Association. Mr Aldo Bagatli, 
and other membeis of the^and 
councQ. Mr Donald Stuart, 
President of Ealing Oxcle, nas 
in the chair. 

Glaxo Scsence Writers Awards 
Tbe twentieth anniveirary of 
tbe Glaxo Science Writers 
Awards for science jountalto,' 
presented by Glaxo Holdings 
pl^ in coU^oration with the 
Association of British Science 
Writers, was marieed by a dinner 
held at the Dorchester hotel bst 
ni^t Mr Phul Girolami. chair- 
man of Glaxo Holdings, was the 
host aitd the guest oThonourwas 
Sir Keith Josq^ Secretary of 
State hr Education and Science. 

Sir Keith presented 
commemorative awards to the 
iVew Seieiteire and BBC 
Television's Horizoru judged to 
have made outstanding 
contributions to science 
communication smee the incep- 
tion of tbe awards in 1966. 

The annual awards, eadi 
worth £1,250, for work pub- 
lished or broadcast in 1985, 
were presented by Mr Girolami 
to Mr Oliver Morton (freelaiKX, 
Eeonomial, Mira Rosalind 
Herman and Mr Sterve Connor 
(New Seientisty, Mr Mike Salis- 
bury (BBC Tdevuios, Natural 
History Unit) and Mr Martin 
Redfem (BBC External 

Loadoa Hospital Medical 

Priooes Anoe, Cbancenor of 
Londoo Uruvcfsity, was the 
guest of honour at a dinner 
given fay tbe London Hospital 
Medicaf CoOege in GuildhaO 
last night as part of its hi- 
ccotenary celdsretions. Tbe 
other guests wdemned ty Mr 
Matth)^ Riyor, diainnan oftbe 
council or governon. and 
Professor M.A. Fk>^, dean of 
tbe college, ovie; 

Lore Flpwcn (Vlo»4MBcengr_ ot 
\jant0o muy eratpr) . KW o. Haa»lwg 
MinOttr or HiMiUi). Mr P- HglwoB 
MikM ei LonSgn UntvaWtvV Lots 
PRt of^isnMM ffvmSBit ' 
Wfeaicsl ■'VodaDoiU XW A.C. 
CCbOnnn ot ite 
A M O^B WllLPr 
meOfcsi cOew. 

HarSynuBi tSeogtarv 

D. Deiiti BMi (COMmon. Norlti Em 
- «IM» n tdwra H M Wi A Wtwrtpr). 

. . Homot T. Om (Dmb or Ot* 
FKuiqr ot Mfdaiic. Loptai Unlvcr. 
flttrX Sir JnoMenter or 


ri ogM N MeSMN oollesrx 

etarv wSt UQO. Mr 


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Births, Deaths and In Memoriam 

PATVEMMM To <301 saM Itonwd a 
beautiful daugtiUr. ReOyn, uoni 
ironi so much lowc on MarGi ITIli 
198 6. 

REID To Qoma Oi4e Kennawayt aid 
Jarale tad. a sou. Jock, to.8.86. 

MTCT on March lOlh a Mount 
Alvernla. Gutiorord to Rioiard and 
Anne tnee <3ulidinw a son BenedMI 
Michael, a breowr for Charles. 
Fiordlllgl. Luke and Tiwun. 

SUODAtmi • On March ITOi. a the 
mdeeaideooe Sannarhini. Marewt 
Uiuted Statee. lo Joanna tnee MiiM 
and Cregg. a ewi iDahtcl Grew a 
brother lOr Benianiin. 

tWACC On March 1401 to Amanda and 
Rupert, a soo. Thnoihy AupiBtus 


Hr that covcrcUi Ms Sim shaU not pros- 
per but who so eonHssm aim 
iBnalceUi them shall have mercy. 
Proverbs 98: 13 


ANDERSON on Mardi tint at St 
Ceorpe’s Hesmtai SW17 to tamne 
and BUI Biillock-Animon. a second 
sen Oanrid WHMain. 

MOIBERR On Mwdi ITIh. to Cathy 
(n^ Hahneman) and Marc a bea n h 
fui daughter. EUsabetb Mlilain. a 
sister for David. 

C WO m M On March iBIli at Wln- 
diester. to Jane and Gary, a no 
James Edward, brother to RMaonon. 
EUS-WRJLUHS On March tsm It 
Ysbyty Dewi Sard. Bangor to Kate 
and ()raid a daugi^. Lowd Non. a 
slater for Hawys. 

EVANS - On MMCh 1 9lh at Bristol Ma- 
ternity HespMM. lo Uz (N4e Morgan) 
and Ghartes. a iMrd son. 

CORR C - On leth March at Sharee 
Green HospitaL Preston, lo Margue- 
rite (n4e CroasdeO) and David, twins. 
Paul David and KainerIxM Jane, a 
brother and soter. for Jonathan 

JOHNSTONE on March 1 1 ih to Joanna 
(n4e Wallace) and Robert a soil 
A iigra- 

LEWIS Id Vernon and Mtw re e n a 
dautfiler. CtiMlotte Helen, on Rdarch 
19 Ul at nmeess Mary Hospnai 

MsOibim OR 27th February to Peg- 
gy (ii4e Oftll) and RldiBid a dau^iier 
Joslca RacbeL 

MEUU On Mwch 18th at St Thomas 
HospOBl. London lo Kam mee Alden) 
and BenUe. a son Edward David 
Charles, a brotbe- for Nicholas. 

! - On MarGi ITih 1980. In 
EdlimurGL John Derek. MB.E. 
Royal Tank RegUoent loved hus- 
band of Ada. Baiodo House, Kinross. 
FuneiW Service at Perth ^vsnaiorl- 
um on SSenday SSih March ai 
3.16m. FamOy Oowers only and no 
Mters Mease. 

ARNOLD JacQueUne. on lOdi search. 
1986. m her 980: year, much loved 
Mot hq-p r Roy. No eL Jw n and Doris: 
mnnrenothsr and great grandiiiutli- 
er. Punsral service at St Ntchotaa* 
Oiurdi Rsmenham nr. Henley on 
TtHmes at 12 noon on Tuesday. 
250) March. Flowers lo Tomaitn and 
Sons. 48 New SbML Henley. 

CLARKSON. On Tues March Ism 
Mary Margot Oordon. late of 
SMnnliiodale. west wittering, and 
dearly loved Aunt -POP* le sO me 
family. Peacemiy at West Beach 
Nucsliig Home. Selsey. In her 9ist 
yeer. CbemaUea at the CMcheslar 
Cmnalarium on Wed 96lh Sdarch as 
3.30 PHL Family flowers only. 

CWnxaiL - on March 19 Ul 1986. at 
Uw EvMyn Hospimi, Cuimridge. 
Harold E.. aged 71. of 12 Manor 
Gowt PliiehursL Cranga Road. 
Cambridge, beloved tnohand or Mar- 
loTie and father of Jotm. FUnenI 

COOPER - On March tsm 1986, 
pe a ce i taiy at Maney House Nurstng 
Home, wunfirtn. Newburgn, Dorset. 
Thomas VaicnttaN Cooper M.B.B.F.. 
MJI.C.S» LJLC-P.. FJLCJa. beloved 
huibend of Marlon, dear taiiia- of 
ZoL Jamee. Rvert and valentine 
and itenftthcr of Nwidy, a leving 
grandMOicr and 9eat grandfather. 
Funeral at w^mouih enmaiorium 
on Monday March 24m at 3 oopm. 
Family Bowers only Please bat dona- 
hons tf desired to The Lea^ or 
Friends or the Dorchester Hospuatt. 
c/o Giaseby Ftmeiai Servlece. 16 
Prinees street DorctwsMr. DoneL 
Tel 0306 62338. 

PERNS - on Ism March suddenly but 
peactffufly ai home in Wlnforion. Pe- 
ter Asbw iOnnaliy oT Kcrridge. 
Much loved hwhand of Rum. father 
oT John and Rosem ar y. Funeral ter- 
vtce at Winfofton Ctnirch on 
Monday 84m March at 2.16 p.m. fol- 
lowed by cremahon M l l er erord 
Crcmalonuni 3-30 p.m. Family flow- 
ers only, bul donauont if desired M 
Qc Srrvwrrtiene Mracal Weiraiw So- 
ctely c -o T)w Broadway. WUnbiedon 
SWt9 tRL Enqmnes to D. Stephens 
Funeral Direeters. Cunerd. Here- 
fordvhire. Telephone Clifrord 356. 

NAYTERon Mardi ITaflera longiO- 
ness AUson Lady Haytcr widow ot 
2nd Lord Haylcr. CrmnattMi Puipey 
Vale March 24a at SJa Family 
flowers oi^. DanaOoas wtieonwd 
by Britian Heart Foundation. 

on 19m March at stanna 

Royal inflnnary Audrooi WVe of the 
NIC Charles Leonard GOnUca HICS. 
and McOer or Oaries and lain, o*- 
maoon at PalUih Cremawthan on 
Monday 24m S4ardk at 1.30 pib. 
Family flowen only Mease. ISeaa- 
UoRS. If desli e d . to the SaaO mu Ton 
Homice. Dinny StkiingMure. 

MieBOratmiAII on Monday. ITDi 
March In an a codenl Daniel Phthp 
Charles aged 16 yeen. deeety loved 
son of Annie and DevM and UcoQNr 
ofTTm. Kaw and Onna. FiBwral prt- 
vaie Family Oowciv only astase. 

LAW On 17m March. psaoMtilly. m 
me Bernard Sunley Home, WoWig. 
Mabel KamieaL aped 93. widow of 
Jana wtBlonL much loved and lov- 
ing mother of NoSan. Jeanne. DIdt 
and Derek and loved Bv ESemn- aid 
Dcrav her dauMrterwbi-law. Mao 
much loved gmadmotha- of DbvM. 
Christopher. Start. TtmoOiy aad 
Andrew, and mtmt graadraomer of 
ChartaOe. Anw and Emma. Ptmcral 
private. Donadlons If iimred to Ow 
R-AJ*.. P spevedent Fuad. 67 Pent- 
tad tace. Loudon Wt. 

LOWE AUoe. of Slotas House. Cmn. 
bridge, late of paieiiiau street and 
Botenph House. Bdoved fncMire of 
Erie and Betty and family and pmt- 
tlme mother to doiem Of ooipui aad 
Caiue shidenm in the 6oa and 60V 
PfiareruUy m AddaOcuota iloeal 
taL March iSUv Finml Swice at 
81 <aies CmnclBy ChapcL Cam- 
bridge. Sdonday 24ih Mmch at 
iGASam. Floral Ulbata Id fteiy 
wiBiams and Sons. Vtciorta Park. 

LUSRT On Manh 17lh 1086. Dr. 
Graham ArOua- Liaby (rettrad GP.j 
peactftdly in Ms 72nd year al Kliig 
Edward the VU HospMai. MMhursL 
aflera hmg IBness. 

MACKa.VIE. On March 190. peace- 
fully after a iHlef Obieas. Alexander 
Kenneth MacKCIvte Cjk. ccaoiain 
R-N.VJt reared) dearly loved haw 
band of Jaaet. aad dear brother or 
Jean and MliwtR. Funeral aervKe at 
St Modans Ghireh. Bmidertoen. on 
Friday 9ia Marrii M 11 am-Crema- 
uoa private, family flowers esdy. 

MCWUMME Kate HandHun forraerty 
of Ee U nOurgh at Freeland House 
Nuntiig Heme w Oxford, peacefully 
aged 90. on iSth March 1986. Wid- 
ow or James MrtVhUude and dearly 
loved mother of Jama and Moira 
and the late Gregor. Oemafloa 

MELVniE Thomas Hm fc pim cm me 
14U MarriL 1986. at mehome of his 
daughter. In WUUMedon. m tos 
loom year. formerty of 
Newte am ere iaver n e gc stare. Hus- 
band of the late wuufrad FOrhes. 
dear futlier of OavM. SheiU. Fiona 
and me lale Ian. much loved tyandia- 
ther and gnat graadCather. Punval 

MURRAT - on tPlh Mardi 1966. Dr 
John Murw 03.&. MJk. (Edbi). 
PhD (Yale): fetmer OonsuRaal Dlree- 
tor Middle Eaab EcenomW 
iiitailigsnce Unfl. Chainnan MMdit 
East ASSOdlAOB t973-74. Deany 
loved husband or Marioite. FUneni 
at 11.30 am. on Thursday 27m 
March, at Bl ConBubat Church of 
Scouand. Ponl Stmt. London SWl, 
feoowed hy private eremauon. En- 
gidria le J.H. Kenyon Ud.. 9 Pond 
StreeL London NWS. tw: 01-794 

WCHQLAS TydfB Doris of 3 WUiam 
Orchard Close. Old Hradlngton. Ox- 
ford. On M arch t9lh. 

OPPEMBM Priscilla Geota ma on 
March 13th. 1986. at White Cross 
HospitaL ble of Wight younger 
daughter of the late UeoL OehMiel 
aiNl Mis Augustus Ospenhetan. stsler 
of ChristUM WesL 

on March 190. 1986. 
poacefidly at horec. Arthur Anthony 
Jotw or wvdwdc. Burt o n Road. 
Bli dlw Tt. aped 68 yrs. derety loved 
iHpUand of Nora. Mhcr aad snodin* 
ther. Funeral ai 6L May’s OnretL 
Briimert on TuciiJay Mardi 28lh at 
12 aeon, follo w ed Igr private lalw- 
laenL Parally flowen and don rt one 
If deOrod H witOethene HemUaL 
DuiOnutu. Enqimrles to A J Wakely 
* SOUB. Bridporl tOSOe) 23726. 

mRNr-OBMa^ l»OL I986.peaee- 
hdly al bome, Jotui FVsen Pany. 
dew htnoand of Jomv father of 
John. DavM std niaitiii and grand- 
lamw of Joanna ad ChaccSooe. 
Servioe of Roaeaibrace M 8L 
EdmiBd's OnactL SoulbwoM. ScE- 
folk a Thursday Mwrh 2701 at 2 
PRL No flowen pteese. 

PCACET On ism MatdL pcaoray M 
Canea Hmae. auietiirgh, BuflOflL 
aged 88. Marierie Joyce, widow of 
the Rev. Gapel C. Piiaoey. and nr* 
uMrty of carieta Rode. NortML 
Much loved Metber and GrwtaMtb- 
w. Fmsnl C en d c a AkleUiidi 
taWi Ghwdi. ZZOsa WeMaday 
Bern Mach. Famfly Wo war s only but 
donottai M dcatrsd to AUehuitM 
tictape HoipRaL 

SELSOURNC on March iSm peacWol- 
ty tn lioaplML flU of fifsiTfnril Houw 
Ife m yo rt c and Pt eh e n d a l Faiut 
Dlihopeione, Much loved hosband of 
Kade aad Faihar or JOhaa. Rohan 
and R klfd . Fiaieral ipm Tueaday 
2Sm March, ac AX Srinti Onach. 
West Lavlagten Oevaee WOO. No 
flow en . ikawticup If desired, id 
A ddeahrooW HoaMtsi or MMor and 
CYdr Ttade B enevgtcit Fund le E 
wane aad Sam ua Fuiwraf DIrec* 
lore. 138-189 East Utah SirecL 

SELLMS KattUeea ethd (Kate) peace- 
ruily Sunday 16m MarriL al 8L 
C hihi c uh w's Homca. sydohaiB. 
Bdoved iBoOier and yaa dmother, 
Longest serving executive m Gray' 
hound ExpTtaweny mpe ct sd and 
RUased hy fneadi aad ceOegaw tn 
Fleer StreeL FOneral BeraaUiare 
Oremaloriiiin 2Sm March iJOpm. 

SMALLMSEon March 19th 1986, at 
the Pam' Ctsl NitfBsM llniFliN 
VortL Fiedenc NtgeU dar^ huo 
hand ef Jean and dearty loved Mher 
or Quenhn ad Anne. Private fiaiwel 
ssvloe. Thanhsgiviog service to be 
annecBwed later. No Dgwgg by 
re quest 

SULSTON on ium March 1986 peace- 
hilly at home Uk Rev. ArOnr 
Echvard Aimury SuMor fTed) 
Cuon or KudUng aged 78 yn. Ft^ 
neiai aerrice St Pecan OmmL 
Mlflod. Thursday zrm Marai at 
ajOpm foQewed by ere roa Oo i i. No 
flowars sieaw but tf desired dona- 
tma M united Society for The 
ft o p raGOlon of the Gospri. IS 
Tufloo Street LodOod SWIP 3QQ. 

SWORD -OR 20th P4ardL It CMpplDg 
Norton HonflaL after nnieh care and 
SindnasB. Meg. In her 9601 yew, or 
CMvet Chipping Norton; wMew of 
Arthur SworiL much loved mother 
Of taa »d MIchaeL creBaben Pri- 
vale. Thankstevtoe Serviee to be 
annoiBCT d later. 

TIPPETTS on March 19 at home 
Thomas Arttnr MK, Man lO am 
Wednesday March 26 Ul at St 
Luke^ Puaer. feflowed i^ private 

TYSON Of) Mardi t7» 1986. auddeu- 

S ' at home wisiam RegiBiid Tysee 
aged 84. sometime Ccnenl 
Manager Boureemeum TetephoM 
Ana. A much loved snoier od a 
dear Mend. Funeral Service Mosmay 
2«h March. 3.ispni ai St Andrew^ 
ChtevlL Bennett RoacL Oomation 
feBewmo. No flowen please. Any 
donations to The Nkdetai Trust En- 
omriw to OericGeeo. Partman 
Lcxioo Funeral ftome, Bournaioixh 

WALLACE - on March ITIh. Dorofliy 
Ou i f i c a (nSe Fksri of Mo ul d view, 
SpwtewlL Winch mar, prarteiilhr to 
hw artb yew. PemenS swvlce at 
Bpenhofl Psrtdi Chwth a Tueoday 
MarGi 28m at 8L30 piik Private la- 
termat al Btohops Sullen. FWnfly 
ftowm ooly- f^riaitiri i t ir daOred to 
9SAFA. c/e John Stocl * Son. ChcaS 
Hoine. wmchsBter. 

WANONRL On laot ikSsrcfi 1986. 
penoefuily In Iwh i WN . R everend 
TheoMo Hnta or Didwidi CoUege 
ad Oewetery. a^ 86 yews. Hup 
band of tele Oopl ite Veatto teitiw or 
Thosnm VaiiNton. Oe ta Ba at 
ShrewtOury. EnqiWSss to David Dto 
vies. Oririshy 663116. 

WSms JesstoBhic ail Mwch l6llk 
1986. in IwwfteL DrveSsd raomw er 
Judy told Jeremy (deoeased). tovtag 
gimiui f to MBit Metunt David and 
jsBiee, WB be sadW rawed by her 
tester wid hw BBoy Ble n dk Cmnto 
tteP on Friday April limMSpia m 
OnWBfs Oon CHiiitereiia 


Msreh 1« a fl erwte e W the Parish 
Owreb or Ebw Khayl* to WDlshlre Id 
M emocy of Mra^ HyariMhe Susa 
Sc to cwnen. OT a cowage mat proba- 
My couM not be daiaded and 
ecftaiiily nevw waa. bIw had a love 
era aRtmiy ter riUldrep and bbu. 
mete, and slie had the gm ee 
campamton: Bhe ww a kind person. 
As a acUSL tele had a outetandliSB 
lalenL She was a le n altl va and ex- 
tremety loMWledgeabte 

horseweman. She was a deWeated 
and erudite gwdencr. and added a 
imy Mt lo EiiRwid by eraniig trow 
nothing, ovw ao yeora and largely 
wUh her own hancte. a garden that 
wi)i surely endure. She salted a boat 
with a ifc h cah. pi eo ston that waa 
pleaeure to watch. But above all tew 
wM a flShMr. In flie war.yearswh«i 
she ww atone tew ibv^ Ar bar CM)- 
dim. She routed hard tor the well- 
being of her pore rds whan they were 
eld. She fOuglU yew after yew for 
iheTibeten refugees. She toughl on 
the Brilteh Council for Iboee UtdiiiUy. 
Piuwiuled Behind the teon Curtoin. 
And abe fought and fought agate, 
even In defeat for the ratation of 
MaUns am! Evesaoog ad die mag- 
Mflceni aiid abnost miracideos proee 
of me King Jamae^ BIMa and the Old 
Pram Book, btay she rest new and 
be happy, unto ready to turn agate, 
tometime. somewhere, to dw battte 
from which In Hfe she never turned 

MBHORUL MASS to manhstevlng for 
the Hfe and work of Jonaihu Gould 
10 be heM at St George'b CaUwiliaL 
wateraliteter Bridge Road. London 
SEi a Friday isdi Aprt to II ant 
Frtands watwiiiia. 


JENNY DONOVAN woidd Mte M Hank 
everyone who kindly donated jBoney 
lor Cancer Research and aent Oow-' 
•rs lor Lawrence James Donovan at 
M fun^ on srd March at Hither. 
Craen Crematortiim. 

Mrs TboBiHte wtehM to ibaitt etwy- 
ene far the vary nm teOvs and 
mer i B fl tr of wm p toliy fOBowliig the 
death of her hiubad m Fabnaiy 
2Sm 1966. He la eertey rasrad by. 
ramfly, irteDds. Mfiner and ptolante. 
Donations if desired to die fonn of 
ehaquas/poatai onln to hmd a MW 
rt se a r c h bad. tetouM be made pay: 
able to a MaraTs HowiiaL tdedicai 
School and asnl to Professor K Dud- 
ley. St Mary's Hoate^Praed StoeoL. 
Leden W2 INY. 



Battles m Iraq . 

General Sir Oimy Roberts, 
GCB, KBE. DSO, who died on 
lvfordil6 at the ^ of 87, bad 
a (Us^iguished army careier 
which included comrnanite, m 
some of the most testmg 
actions of the Second World 
War, notably in Burma, wfaere 
he commanded the 23rd Indi* 
an Divisioaduriiig the battle: 
^ IimfoaL Afterwards be rose 
to be Quarter Master General 
to die Forces ftom 1952 to 

He was a man of strong 
f»hiifaffier gild intolerant, m 

ineffidency- Bui thoii^ he- 
was tboo^i by wine tb be 
hard, te earned the respect ' 
and a&cticKi effhh men. On 
active service be could always 
comnninicaro his un^Ung^' 
coniuience and would get a 
!au^ from troops under the 
grimmest condtions. 

Ouviy LindSdd Rob^ 
was bora on 3, 1 898, the 

son of Hugh Boner Roberts, . 
of Bogawnotslawa. Ceyha. 
He was educated at Cbdleor 
ham CoQ^ the Roy^ Mi& 
taiy Acadraiy, Woolwidi, and 
Kin^s Colle^Cambridge.- 

He excdled m games, p)^ ; 
ing cricket for tbe Army and 
hockey for the Army, Cam-: . 
toidge and Wales. ■ . . - 

C^mmtssioDed in tbe RoyaT 
En^neeis in 1917, he did not- 

set active service in tbe First 
Wo^ War, but did in tbe 
operations in A%hani$tan in 
1919, for whid) be held foe 
medal and da^ 

He was servmg on the staff 
of the lOch. Indian Division 
T^en it was deqsatdied from 
India to Iraq after the Prime 
Minister, Rafoid Aii, had 
seimd power in foe raring of 

ous is Greece and Threatemng 
Oete - in a mood to turn their 
gaze on uid the oilfields^ 
Rafoid .All ma& one- of tbe 
two Bridfo air bases,i at Kab- 
baniya in foe desert west of 
Baghdad, the' object of his first 
hostile move. 

The SBtioii, which had at hs 
dispo^ (foty 2,30(1 troops and 
8(N)^ mainly obsolesceat, 
aircraft, sras overlooked by a 
pbtean, and it could hai^ 
have bm more indefensible: 

Flown in from Basra to 
agegge the situatioD, Roberts 
however did decide ou de- 
fence and was ^ in com- 
mand of land forces. Baqi 
troops appeared on the pb^ 
teau on 30 and foey were 
reinforoed to a total of about 
9,CI00 men with fifty guns. 


The A^ Officer in Charge 
and Roberts decided that foe 
only bo^of sav^ foe.situa- 
lion was to attadL Acoordii^ 
ly an offi^ve was bqvn; the 
enemy were assailed 1^ every 
availdde aircraft, ^ many of 
'foeai' with iiopiDvised bomb 
tacks and .'tnanned. by ^im- 
tiaxned.pilbtsand pcqials fimn 
the Flying SdmoL 
. The. Iraqi repN -.shdBng 

and bopslfo^ > infiicied heavy 

casualties and destroyed a 
quarter oif foe aircraft. ' 

But Britifo. air attacks were 
fcimt op aix^ .on .tbe gmmd, 
lb under Refoerts raided 
to sudi efieet that on 

day foe baquis were 

oonipeOed to whfadiaw. Rob* 
erts fonowed - 19 and tn two 
actions drove them jba^ 
with heavy loss over- foe 

The success of-foe'<mera> 
tions was very laigi^ due. to 
Roberts's fi>fce of foaiacter. 
In letrospea it seems ahnost a: 
miracle that the surma at 
Habbanrya escaped disaster: 
His triumph in foe foce of 
-such beai^ odds has bees 
desafoed as one of Tneasure* 
less impodcooe**. 

Roberts served in tbe Persia 
and Iraq Command for foe 
lerhainder of 19#I, duzi^ 
whidi to diyisian^of^ part m 

tmro -OKU- - 
tSoned : hi deraaiciira and 
awaidecTihe DSO. ~ 

After appointmeDi to the 
command iff foe !6fo fo&ntiy 
ftigade in he was 

traBEfened to miima as B(^ 
of ' Genera! SebomTs 4fo 

In August, 1943, Roberts 
was cunmia i id of foe: 
23rd twto DivBBOB, and, six 
months later, he was n '.foe 
tinck of the fioce Sg^iisag 

which was designed to 
break inro India. ' . 

Ihe di^-isions of 

gutob deferlded ImphaL ite 

^ure of which was vital to 


of 4fo Corps in 

-upops stood fiiw ® . 

portions and were sup^Kd 
.After fo«^ months of 

^iser ifebting. foe 
wero forced to abaodon their 
objectives and feH 
Burma with heavy 
g^jqrts*s division, heavily 
ensaged ibroughooi, re* 
mai&ed on tire itne for a few 

weeks tonger to part m 

foe brainmng of ^ advOTt* 

W tireSindwin, after which it 
was withdrawn to reserve in 

^rMarch, 1945, be was 
{w yriim ed Connnandcr of tne 
i4ab. Indian Anny corps 
wbidu afitf foe Japanese stay 
reader, was employed m for 
reoccupation of Malaya and 
bmian islands. 

At foe end of 1945 he was 
appointed Vice Adjutant Cea- 
so. the War Office and. 
afti>r two years in this post he 
was GOC Nortbeni Iitond 
Districtfiozn 1948 to 1949. He 
then succeeded General ^ 
Brian Refeertson as GOC m C 
Sontbem command. 

In his last appointment, as 
Quarter Master General to the 
fotces, it fell to bint to make 
foe arrangements for the 
movemrat and supply of the 
forces engaged in the .Man 
tout operations in Kenya, the 
war in Korea, foe suppression ^ 
of foe conrinunist guemllBS in W 
■ Malaya, foe eariy stages of foe 
disturbaiiioes in Cyprus, and 
foe diratdera TS Guia- 

na m 1953; to term of office 

Robe^ .was ADC General 
to the Qiieeii ftotri 19S2 lo 
1955 and Cotosd Comman- 
dant. Royal Engineer from 

: Qa-.hss letiremeiit frein foe 
Aniw be wi^ ftoia 1955 to 
19^ pRStdeni of Grosvenor 
Uing (BQ UoiiedtOiiiiMa). 
and Im ceSset. (Bredonlu|^ 
He was Adnuasstraijve -Om- 
ceroffoc UBfwasity of British 
C0himbia l96!-68.- 
He ttBUT te d first, in 1924, 
JEIsie;daughierofM^arT. H. 

C Websftr. She died m 1955. 
aatf hie 'BnuTieif in that year |f 


Sir tourice Vonge. CBE, 
FRS, FRSE^ tfoo died on 
March 17, 86, wasone of 

the most active and ocpei^ 
enced marine. Inolorito in 
Britain and a leading autiior* 
ity on moUnscs and foe biolo* 
gy of coral iee& 

Charles touirice YOnge ivas 
educated at SQoootes School, 
Wakefield, and Edinburgh 
University, wbete ' be was 
Baxter neural science sdiolar 
(1922-24) and Cbrncgie ror 
search scholar (1924-2^. 

In 1 925 bejoined foe staff of 
the Plymouth labpralory of 
the MaiineBiologica] Associa- 
tion for two year^ at tbe end 
of wfaidi he was given a 
Balfour oTin^yitohip of Cam- 
bridge Univer^ to enable 
him lo organize *h^ Great 
Barrier Expedition of 

He retnnied to Plymouth 
for a fiirtber two years before . 
beuig appointed Professor of 
Zoology at Bristol Universi^, 
where be held the diair from 
1933 to 1944. iS'tben moved 
to Glasgow University as Re- 
gius Professor tff Zoolo^ 
where be remained imtil to 
retirement in 1964. 

In to research on the 
feeding of molliiscs, Yonge*s 
special interest was ftiiictional 
mor^ology. His first publica- 
tion^ in 1926, incinded his 
cias»cal acooant of feeding ' 
and digestion in oysters. . 

His research on moDnscs 
continued tfaioi^boiithis life 
and be made nofoUe advances ■ 
in foe knowlei^ of the evr^ 
tion of tbe structure of bi- 
valves for whidi be was 
awarded the Darwin Medal of 
tbe Royal Sooety in 1968. 

His second ^TOBt nfoRSt 
lesuhed fiom his r es e a r ch rai 
foe Great Banier Keef; in 
1928. The cxpedhkm -wfridi 
be led there in 1928 at the 
request of the Great Bturier 
Committee (ff Anraalia 
was tbe first in wfaidi a tram 
of fully qualified marine sden^ 
lists undertook a ftiQ-ecolo^ 
cal survey on a Umhed area of. 
coral le^ Yoon's experi- 
ences on the Rea resulted hi ' 
his fesctnatiiu book, A }W 
on the ' Gnat Ban^ Re^ 

VViiile at Bristol' Univeraty 
he rtartedto series of observa- 
tions bn foe.triolpgy orthe 
Bristol' ChanneL And on his 
appomtment at- Gfesgow he' 
unmediately todc a in* 
terest ip the devdopment of 
the. .marine .laboratory, at 
toUpbrt on the Isle of 
Oimbca^ in foe Oyde, and 
was president of hs govoiiiiig 
bmh, the Soottifo Bdarine 
Biological Assodation, frN* 
twenty yeara until 1967. 

.Yoogp was il sympathetic 
, in jncessfol prMcssbt^. He 
; vasibon^mvcteraie navtl- 
fee; and, a$ arepresqitative of 
; foeColoiBat Ftsheoes Advisee 
: . fyCbmiiittira (Inter foe advi- 
ptsaA to tbe Ministry of 
Oversea DevdopmenO. > 1 ^ 

sled many parts of tbe world in 
wfaidt research was 


He was a populariser 
of sttriire biology and wrote a 
niunber of the best 

Jcaowa of whidi arr his new 
natnalwt series, The ^ 
Shore. (I949)i. and Oysters 
(ISl60h Briiisk Marine Life 
(1944); written in ocdlabora- 
tion^irifo J. Btoett; and The 
.Seas, in collaboration with 
FS Russdl (later ^ Freder- 
iefcX. foA published in 1928 
and stiU available in revised 
and np-to-date editions. 

served on the Advi- 
-sray. Committee on Fishery 
Research -to the Development 
. Commission from 1937 to 
I9S6; wfaidi coordinate ma- 
rine research in the United 
Kingdom. When the ftinction 
. was taken over in 1965 by tire 
Natural ^vironiaeat Re- 
scardi CoondL Yonge 1^ 
carhe one of its fust members. 

Tlie Dm^ Undress of 
Aflsta, widow . of foe . third 
Duke of Aosta, who surren- 
dered ftalian forces in Ethio- 
pia to tbe British in 1941, has 
dred; aged 79, in Sorrento. ^ 
was Anne Hdtoe Marie, 
daiighier of Prince Jean of 
France, Duke of Guise, and 
she married tbe Duke of 
cousin, in 
. 1927. He died in a prisoner of 
war canm in Nairobi in 1943. 

Birthdays today 

Loitf Bostoo omveRham, QC 
56; Mr Peter Brodc, 61; Sir 
Ceoige FretweD, 86; Mr Mi- 
diad Hesdtiiie, MP, 53: Mr 
Antony Hopkins 55; P ro fesaui 
Sir Joseph HutchiiiSMi,-84: .Sir 
Peter Mtoi, 6l; Baroness NicoL 
63; Lord Oak^;, 57; Mr <jeot 
fiey Fiimiiwoii; 67; .Sir Brian 
Shaw, 53; SirVicrorShepheird, 
93; GeneialSir Rank Snupsooi,' 
.87; Sir Staolqr Tomlinson. 74 l' 
Mr Paul Tortdier, - 72; Lord 
WOson of Langskfe; (2C, 70.. 


ffflTBtfWirfi of riljliiigiH ' . 
The Presideiit of foe Rt^al 
GoUw of Physidans, Sr R^ 
mood Hotoibeia, gave a lim- 
dreon fricidre mends of tbe 
cbllfoe anil 'inembers' of the 
appeal committee y es t euldy at 
.the coflege. . Among- foose 
prerentwerK ' 

J MCA Rok. kfe RT.McCtelinii. Dr J 

Uunershy CoUegfl Londoa 

Mty London on Weti 

M atch 19, in faou^ 
ftofeaor GAt Sifekis. Fe 

■5®. .J^versity. Js 



we regreteUr anounca ihM duo to prabfeUw arid unoewtog feieiimta 


. - - rugs and ruhnars,.' 


feOmaaoQMiiireor.ltalniiaNTgi^^ w— w.ntiiBrexh.iA»» ^ miaiiiiiiii 

Dgetoltae iii i r ow wciicii c iii g te M UB aadlbeecoptatei^taaiiMi;.tiL.— •. '*™«oaioilte 

ifceitawerabtea.liteiliBireiMkteHBrMaimfeliantMwr »i!?!S^g Sr*°” .y^ »«ev»)iahlvt»Mfuj ._.. . _ 
removal 'and' area, to dinoMd. 'or iiii uiB lai cl y 1»y AuetiaT^'?*^ WaiLww AirponaBdgifcai ita"iI»itf *4!^ 
Dwto die vaa aanfo ortetobad itealndiA drealtareiki.— tore ton 

ereryoiK aa. equat on 
Tlw fooib. hnc wn* . 

non 01 awDEoreiay 07 Auenre.- . t-— • 

Tito od ite iowligilTto aactiow ton ton te 

^tUUHGTM^ tm % 11^111 W: WUnffi^UmoON^ itTMSgij 






■-■ ;V 5 =!^, 

■■■- .'V 

:• . '-T 
■ '■ 

■ - 

■ -■ ■ '-4^ 


• r 


The secfliiMl episode «C Veka 

(CkeBBci 4) pKsented Oidiles 
Taylor and EmertGrfl^fliri 
^ ones set. 19 a didwtoiDy 

' thdr **ttaiur ead 
*^00^**' atdiaiks towards 
what is seiMBr "desci^ as 
**B0deni Bfe^. The prodessofs 
seaned qaHe: happy to' play 
their respectife roles hot eyan 
in this nnt ahstraet of-disa»- 
sfOBs, as itt tho lQxoD/Kea- 
aedy ^ dehetes, any pnder- 
. standing rf Ae g wamtiwr lof 
pereeptOly modified- by the 

^pearance a^ manner of the 
person -Who Was p a nh w it 
Professor Taylor loolied fie a 
cool and sei^possessed New 
En^ander, a mere r^Mid 
vosiM of Geo^ fish; fio- 
fessdr Gdlner wasrniore fiei^ 
nlons and impasMi^ sviA ai 
^ntsin- -Qnihi-like air. No 
nloabt Aeaadieace re^fided 
acoordiM to taste; bat fids 
parficofar yiewer foand 
GeDner nnne confinca^ 
Even-Ae prodaetion-seenMd 
A recognize, the sieanl finea- 
shm - m Ae d iOT fion by 
cnttiM away fipom one . ^wa ker 
in mde- to preaem fihe reae* 
ciens oCtbe oAcr, and ho donitt 

Ae ' hachtiMfii, n huh • 

bles a carprt .&am a fiitd 
roont'is dWiigard ar a inqr nt 

feting in 

At odds wiA Ae. KGB: MBkhaO Baiyshniko? 
iiMvpeen Isob^ KoescfiBnl, Mcallhin Ae 
yom^'hsgrid BergnmnifaM fim 
afisduerbasly steewd Jozy AolbhoWski A ' 



Demons at work 

• -••. i; 

r ?'cCijive 

Ais pregnuaaie e^dTOs.' 
televised onmnatkei (whidh 
immedfetellrhgceoro a fim of 
pafornuBce) oven less at 

Peter A<±^d 

White Nf^teOPG) 

Odeo^LdoBster Square . 

Retinn of the Xirii^ 
Iksadim . 

PEince diaries 

Ai. . 


White N^hfs stoutly defends Ameri- 
can ideals and way of life against the 
infernal nuushmatums of-^mReds. 
To its credit is also -starts off -wiA a 
couple of good scenes. In Ae fist of 
A cre, beiore Ae. credits, - MfiAail 
BaiyAnikov, partnered by Florence 
Fimn^ perfentts Roland P0tit*s Xe 
Jaoie Homme a la mart m an 
inteipretatiai a- good fid more 
acrobatic than Jean Babflie*soriginaL 
In the snoceediBg «niie there is an 
alacDungSy wcD staged: 747 craA. 
Patriotic to a finh, Ae .film dednws 
A associate America wiAa ctaAing 
aitcc^ wtaidi is at&fimted A a 
..fictitious miUne: .'called' '"^ritiA . 
Orienf* and crewed figiish- 
accented personnd. 

. Afier-ifae craA Ae plot gets gc^ 
and' Ae film is pever Ae same again. 
The Tod9o4]fimd plane comes down 
m Siberia..Aboard is BatyrimikDvm 
h Matam piece of typofisting as a 
ilihiainian dancing star who defected 
A . Ae West eigiit - yean eariier. 
Imnr^ fi'is.Aatti^ Ae^^^ 
ifir Jifinf A-ttfi-lmn ™*»t the . 

inftinwit »b^ -yill'gfaige ln«i ~TPS^m fQ. . 

the fUror as a imAagaiifi stn^ 
no“vay good iBason,im& committed 
A Ae ciisAcfy of A (qipo^nnaAer, 

> a t^-danciiiglrfade American defec- 
tor (Gregory Fhnes) vAo hopes by 

this little service A earn a bettCT deal 
than ringing Pngy and Resr m sattp 
mine canteens. - Naturally, While 
<Baryduifi>v learns' xe^cGt SOr 
Efines*s Anni^ Hines omses A see 
.Ae.fbUy -mhis w^s. The is 
-predictiAEB. ' . 

' The writer finer Gddman is an 
' experienced HoOywood professional, 
bnt his script is fiu (ff narrative hol^ 
as hhpioralde m dqdomadc as m 
dtam^ tenn^ A long, exposi- 

■toiry br e ec hes; mid wiA embanasr> 
ingly obvious lines like **Biit vy are -ve 
^emdnk Russian?* a exiiicaie the 
jacture fiom subtities. 

It is a pi^ it ends up so stupid. Hie 
idea has possibilities Taylor Hadi- 
.fiiffs mostly on FinniA 

locations (Ac«^lfi)Oii*s San Cailos 
Thretre stands m for Ae Kirov]^ is 
oonvinciDg: and the acting is enjoy- 
able. Banshnibrv improves wiA 
ev^ perAiinanoe; babeOa Rossri- 
lini, as Hines^ wifi is like a more 

.'h iwnan ' Maefaeaa tCtn^Ktri/iiiiH inlr>ft1fy . 

■' rerofe fi e^^gfrgri d&gg m^ to 

SkoHm^^^tuins - A acting' 
wiA a mucbifioiiriy shrewd pwbait 

nfamf MW'hj mcmibiM KGR man. 

DeaA is the greatest taboo of an age 
whiA has no longer Ae confidence m 
an after-life that reassmed our grand- 
parents hut the -way Aat films deal 
wiA the taboo and oar Amns has 
rhangprf l>vo decades ago, deaA m 
films was sweet and graceful if it came 
through age of sickness Of swift and 
dean if h took frface vidently at the 
fiont or on the inaiife. Tto Ae 
fecial effects peofde (insured, as it 
teqipens by Kurosawa’s historical 
^mctnies) le^t A make blood jet put 
Aom severed arteries tx bunet-hoks. 
Aftri- Aat it stoned Aat film-maloets 
'tried A exotdse AedeaA taboo by 
feeing fear head-on, showing ns evoy 
detail of carnal dedy. Creatures used 

A return from the grave wiA distant 
decorum. Now they come wiA eyes 
dripping out and the grey 
lotfing on Ae bones. 

Dan O’Bannon, John Carpenter's 
associate on his first fifan, Ami; Star, 
and writer of A/ien, tnras Ae s^ A 
Grand Gnigno! borrorcomic m his 
first film as director, Ketnra of the 
LMi^ Dead. DeaA has no mystery 
for the main diaiacters, a mortua^ 
attendant vAo works overtime on his 
Uue duBges and a medical supplies 
merchant who deals m skfitons from 
India, sectional dead dc^ and 
crapses fiom undisclosed vAoIesale 

It is thanks A some obscure 
Pentagon experiment that the occu- 
pants of the cemet^ across the way 
break out of Aeir graves A go 
marauding m quest of fieA human 
brains, vAich are apparently a Aver- 
eign tonic when you are Hand, Hie 
film has its funiQr moments (**Send 
. uumd^** croaks an old oorpfiinA 
Ae radio of a police car whose 
occults’ skulls* he has already 
emptied) but runs out of ideas atoit 
halfway. Hie denouement is swift 
and sure the army nukes Ae lot 

It is bard A advise wheAer A.K. 
Aould be seen before or afir Han. 
EiAer way. the impact of Aldra 
Knrosawa’s mastmpiece is m no way 
imprired by Chris Maricer*s impres- 
sionist documentary abran its mak- 
ing. However close it brings us A 
Kurosawa and the way he works, the 
ultimate mjxtery of how an artist 
creates remains, hfiker reveals Aat ■ 
Kurosawa rehearses bis «tor5 a 
perfeedy that a sinsfe take is usually 
enough- This is poKiUe oi^ because 
Ae mtiniate remit, Ae finiAed film, 
is abea^ A clear m Knrosawn’s head 
and vinon. As he works wiA his 
actors he knows m advance every 
move and mtonatiem he wants frran 

Aem. He stands watching; bent 
attentively for ward , hands on knees; 
and we see eadi whole petfiumance 
miirraed m his fece. 

For ten hours a day this miriity 
septiu^enariaa trundles about on the 
cindery slopes of Mount Fuji, watdi- 
ing and controlling everyth^ ICs 
confidence is sudi that Am is rarely 
hurry or 31 temper. If an actor must 
be Arrected, h is done wiA exquisite 
courtesy. He only finds It necessary A 
retaike bis people for inatlenrion. for 
“dawdling** or for letting Aeir own 
nerviness disturb Ae horses, which 
Kurosawa evidently r^ards no Im 
than Ae human acAis. 

Not that rebuke is often needed. 
Kurosawa is like a monarch or a 
graeral, adored and unquestioned. 
Close around him are his “seven 
samniai**, ADaborators on many 
previous films and almost as old as he 
is himself, but Ae ydnnger members 
ofAe crew are as dedicated, each one 
ready A lend a hand m aiw task, 
however hamUe, that will forward 

We have a thiilliiQ view of an artist 
who is competely master of his 
mitier. Kurosawa is a nv^ gidan, 
weaving spells wiA castles, armie^ 
sides, cameras, smoke, fii^ but he is 
aUo Ae practical tedinician, knowing 
every trick of the trade and attentive 
A every detaiL Kurosawa himself 
mvAied Ae technique of painriag 
reflecAis a provi^ individual col- 
ouring m the fighting of each figure; 
and he ingeniously turns hazards A 
hts own purposes, even makiiig the 
c^ridous Fuji mists serve for battle- 
smoke. He does not miss a thing: Ae 
last words m AJi^ when he has just 
filmed a vast battlescape Aat fills Ae 
hortum, are his ADcemed nquity, 
“Did a horse fell?". 




This Park Lane Opera produo 
tion of Mozart's maturest 
unknown comedy is by no 
means Atirely soccrosAii, but 
Aat only makes it the more 

lantaliging . FOT tf La jifUa 

giardiniera is a beguiling and 
fesdnatiog wlira staged in 
unrelieved black, and rather 
boisterously aAompanied, 
heaven knows what impres- 
sion it might make in a more 
sympathetic and assured prt- 
seniation. Surriy Glynde- 
boume cannot lo^ resist Ae 
challei^ this is Ae perfect 
opera for dressed-up Ammer 

It is, after all, a garden piece, 
whidi is why the costumes of 
woe, by Paul Dart, and Ae 
^metrical shapre of Robert 
Carsen's production look a 
obviously wrong. Perhaps Ae 
intention is to remmd us Aat 
Ae many playfU and not a 
toyfiil love mtrigues are 
founded on an act of viotot 
passion, that Aere are demons 
at woA beneaA all Ae pre- 
tence and selfdeception. But 
of Aurse Ae point is made 
wiA mfinitely greater subtlety 

by Mozart, even if he was only 

18 at the time and 
cocking slightly adolescent, 
but alA extraradinary, mooks 
at Ae machinery of Ae genre. 

For examf^ Aere is an aria 
for Ae Poefesta Aat bcAmes 
Ae excuse fbr a miniature 
Ancerto for orchestra as he 
mrations all the instrumrats 
he hears, and another for the 
baritoA swain, Nardo, paro- 
dies the vocal styles of three 
nations, thereby mcIuAng a 
strain of Ae Irendi pastoral 
Mozart never wrote. Return- 
ing A what he Ad write, 
Nidiolas Cteobury Aoducts a 
willing if unpolished orches- 
tral p^onnance. But it is one 
wiA much fine singing from 
yotti% professionals, panicu- 
laily AUad Hagjey as Ae 
sentimental heroine, Anne 
MaAo as the am^ant, feeling 
Ramiro, and Janis Kelly and 
John Cashmore as Ae lively 
Auple from below stairs. 

Most of the characters inev- 
itably seem on the point of 
UosAming inte oAers better 
known. Ramiro, for instance, 
is about to become Qteru- 
bino. But these performances 
Aow Ae woric A have an 
atmosphere and quality of its 
own. It is well wc^ catching 
toniriit or Amorrow. 

Paul Griffiths 



Video obse^bns Why the 




Nadonai J&dliooin, 
Kilbum ' • 

It was'pbdn wiAin Ae first' 
minute Aial sUx Sigde SpiA* 
dA are aNe A pfey Aeir 
instruments at least as wdl as 
The Ckamps, and much better 
than, ay. Hie DamnedorThe 
Clash when they first , per- 
formed m piibto Tony James 
was, after plying baa 
wiA Generation X-ten years 
ago and, whfie his Jiew col- 
leagues may have been select- 
Ae printipie that “it is 
e^er A teadi a penon A play 
an iosttument Aan it is Aget 
them A look Am", diey have 
neverAdea leamt ami^ A 

AddhKMiaBy, Aey have tak- 
en advantage* of -ttdmology 
boA A nwt wp fn gfwt adran - 
their sotutd. Thron ghom the 
brief set, every reng was shmg 
over a coat4mnger of driDing 
kejAoaid pafterns,' provided 
tv the guesA^ Yana Yayot 
and emlnotdered whb explo- 
sive baddng-tiadc effects reA . 
olent of the nrases A be beazd 
iita busy videogame anade: 

-%o bqpn -w^ the effect of 
Aeir outlandish appearance 
combmed wnfa the hypnotic 
Giorgio Moroder disco 

rhytlun and Star Wars soand- 
tracfc, was oomprilingtmough. 
Martin Divine; sluMi^ his 
indeeqAeraUe fyzks, looked 
Boftnus if not impoamg vriA 
his huge orange ffinme of hair 
~ and J/ad Afar coat of tagged. 

Rut as one soite fiiDowed Ae 
nex4 whh Neal X ifiajdng die 
same Qinck Berry gmtar riff 
and Ae two.dnmiiDer5, .Ray 
hfeyhew and .Oafs KavanaA 
jfiajying tite same metroaoinic 
unison beat; the excitement 
began A pidl; altbon^ they 

time wnA impheabte 
predsirai, it was particulaiiy 
' fO' hear two 
drunixiieR oomlnnuig A pit^ 
doce SDcfa.a -weedy sound.: 

' Hie fbrAecnnnig. ringfe 
.“2!sSCrimiiy Boy** srainds 
Ade different fioffl the enr- 
rott tait-*Tove Missite Fl-1 IT* 
wAiefa somided mndi the 
MWM! as afi-tfae oAer son^ 
and as they -doggedly- pro* 
greased fiom A A ^ whh 
mudi eqdoiatirai of an points 
in between, they revealed a 
mnskal vfeion at presena a 
^> a e-^"**"*»**"*i as the video 
s c f ec ns fiiom whidi tiiey.have 
drawn so mudi insfriiaiion. If 
Tony James can tiunk iqi one 
or two different sraigSt.ara Ae 
groiq> does.Bot cave m from 
various pi t ssur e s , Aey may 
yet last as as Adam Ant 




After Aida 

Old Vic 

I thoi^dfr ^ Ae time tiiat Ken 
Ludwig's Lend Me. a Tenor 
was a remsxkable piece of 
miirio-theridnrbDt, after Ci^ 
Puccim and now this Verdian 
inAsetetion fiom Julian Mitr 
efaeii, it is b^mning A kxdc 
like a masterjtoe. . Heaven 
defend the oiieratic stige fiom 
i ;>pf!rti enAusiasts. . 

In Afier. Aida to totdiell 
addresses the. qurotkm cf 
VerdTs i6 ytos of silence 
.'before embaraing on the two 
I masterpieces of ms olff age It 
' is a sid^ect ridi m murical, 
jiersonal and poten- 

ti^ Feriiq» Ao mudi ibr a 
sh^ play, and it wonld be 
imSir A qha^^wiA Mr 
Mhdidrs dfldrion A limit 
himarif rimj^ A eiamiiiing 
how the JS^ito-old cmnix)^ 
was coaxed back hno wiitiiQ 
OteUo. ■ 

.. What lolls the eniennise is 
the idea resetting tiie action m 
the stalls of an empv theatre 
wAere eiHsodes from Verdi’s | 
toeer are in i erteie r sed wtA I 
zqieratic extracts. There is no I 

Loing obsetove waD of reseotiBent; Sicliard Griffiths and 
Gonma Jones as Verdi ud his wife ' 

dramatic- shuation. The setp 
ting -is merdy a playground 
where speaken can adAess us 
wfth memories, team up for 
brief- sonies refaeusals, 
and fen mA the baekgitHind 
when die members of the 
Welsh Natimal Opera come 
on A do their bh. Ihere are lA 
exits. When not perfrKming, 
company memben reteat A 
Ae stalls to read newspapers 
or sit looking braed: a sight 
that leaves you wonderuQ 
why you Aoidd be interested 
A a spectcle they cannot be 
bothered A look at 

Worse is u store when it 
comes A character. Richard 
Griffiths comes forward A 
ddivn* his opening setf-por- 
trait as the composer. In a 
show designed for operatic 
innocents, you might suppose 
that there would be some 
refe re nce A Ver^ heroic 

natinnaKsm, anri his place aS a 

larger-than-^fe figure m Ae 
cultural riscHgimenA But in- 
stead we get a long obsessive 
wa3 about the idiot critics and 
resentmem at Wagner breaA- 
ing down his neck. As he also 
lays stress on his peasant 

■ • ■ 1 / s > I N V. r, . s M- 

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'I •. i!' • I- ■ ^ ► 

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■ Vi.'-: i-'...- ,.i 

A(OW^Sf#OWIWG V : : 


AIOmSSStS^Sss 1 TOlTB!SSlCTRDt6Wffl4» J 206KlN<?SaaM>SW3M137« 



Bwmmpsm nsTTML^ 




David Robinson 

origins, you might also expect 
him A ^ romcAing about 
the Sinning A which he gave 
A much of his life after Aida. 
Verdi was all^dly a success- 
. fill fermer. But to Mitchdl 
passes over this as of no 
importance, and leaves a lec- 
ture of piqued artistic 'vanity 
rinilkiiig m its tent 

The rest of the easting m 
Howard Davies's production 
is well up A that of the central 
performimoe. Gemma Jones, 
m fringed Mack silk and ropes 
of peai^ plays Verdi’s wife; 
Ian Charieson i^ys his master 
librettist, BoiA Giulio Ric- 
oidi is overbearingly embod- 
ied by Malcolm SArry. It is 
sad A see performers of that 
quality trying A make 
thing of the flimsy material 
to Mitchell puts their way. 

Miss Jones is mainly re- 
stricted A icUy matriarchial 
narratives, ditelosiiig how 
much Ae has had A put up 
wiA. to Storry, in alliance* 
with Verdi's conductor, 
spends Ae evening deviring 
little stratagems to entice the 
house of Ricordi's greatest 
money^nnner bade to hi& 
desic. Mr Charieson sets Ae 
Aoe for BoiA by coming 
downstage wiA a silver- 
* Apped cane and teealdng mA 
a vaudeville version of “La 
donna b mobile". Thereafter 
he goes throurii Ae Aow m a 




.as Judy Garland • ' 







• K iS 1 ^ 1 . 


01 -836 2660 


Festival Hall 

It was Ae double4iass heart- 
beats at the end of bis aIo 
cantata La Mart de Cleopdtre 
which ^ Berlioz mA so 
much trouble wiA the judges 
at the Acadtoie des Beaux 
Arts. And it was Ae 
alarmingly stark reiterated 
notes which set Ae pulse for 
Wednesd^'s perfonnance by 
Jeffiye Nexman and the ^yal 
Phifermonk under Vhufimir 

Norman has always made 
Berlioz’s “setee lyrique**, m 
which Qecqntra lefltos on 
meeting to ancestors after her 
deaA and dishonour, mto a 
five drama of flesh and blood. 
Not for to the clarsic sar- 
coffeagns sculptiire of a Janet 
Baker. “Ah! qti'ils rent lorn 
ces jours", which carries the 
perramed nostalgia of Ae 
Nuits d'&e in its harmonies, 
was broi^tout ofa retrospec- 
tive mezza-voce inA Ae vivid 
immediacy of jnesent regreL 
Sunilarfy. Ae sombre invoca- 
tory meditation, “Grands 
E%araohs” whirii is so mirac- 
ulously pc»^ and distanced 
in time by itself invoking the 

condition of frenzied exas- 
peration, spitting out excuses 
for having foiled A finish Ae 
job, and rometimes pursued 
Aroi^ Ae stalls by Ricordi 
and Facdo in Ae style of a 
Mack Sennett film. 

The efiea throughout is A 
reduce Ae events a that of 
Hollywood biography. As the 
sto^' fails A itoude tte 
oNi^tory midway disaster, 
much is made of Verdi's 
reluctance A join m the 
enterprise, whh many a little 
scene showing him briefly 
bolding court aixl Aen sham- 
bling tok A his lair. Come 
Ae second act and we find 
dialogue like “lago should 
have a Mug — a CYedo" and. 

spirits of Rameau and Gluck, 
was whispered urgently in 
nearspnengesangt wonderful- 
ly shifting from awe A terror 
Aroi^ its modulating repe- 

Nothing more robust or less 
Gallic would do as a context 
fbr this tour de /bree of 
imaginative re<reation. D^ 
hussy provided the environ- 
ment boA before and after Ae 
intervaL At Ae start, Aere 
were the Nocturnes, wiA an 
inappropriately corporeal 
choir of “Sirtees" (the women 
of Ae London Symphony 
Chorus, rather too dore for 
comfort) and, A make up fbr 
it, Ae most ethereal of 
“Nuages". Asblren^ ach- 
ieved a deceptive stillness by 
concentrating on minutely 
Aythmic rather than dynamic 
movement, so that the cor 
ai^lais Nt througb the strings’ 
texture Uke a hard line ofbody 
colour over wash. 

At the end, Ashkenazy con- 
structed La Mer wiA truly 
symphonic strength, thou^ 
there were times when his 
orchestra could have given the 
edge by providing quicker, 
more Aa^ly d^ned res- 

Hilary Finch 

hey presto, all composition 
problems are solved. After Ae 
opening of Ckdlo poor Verdi 
is left to reflect “even ato Ae 
writing there is Ae casting, Ae 
reheai^s", as Aough he had 
never been Arough Ae pro- 
cess before. 

Musically, the Aow offers 
Ame fine, full-blooded sing- 
ing. and an accompanist of 
extreme resource and tech- 
nique in Martin Andre. 
Looked at as a piece of 
musical appreciation raAer 
than a theatrical event Aere is 
AmeAing A be said for the 
{HOduction; if it were not for 
Ae dialogue. 

Irving Wardle 



Ad cxdting. varied, six week. 

Fine Aits Coune for mbAmiM m September. 

Air brodmre aaO iafynatdoo eoataet: 

Chsrles FitxBoir, Robert BeUen or Jane Borebam, 
Fine Art Courses lid., 15 Sa-viUe Bow, London WIX lAE. 
•Mi 01-437 8658. 

A message from 

(of BBCb "Face the Music") 

Wlwn theteS alvsilliei6bairar-1o btfp the Bfiostdons 

UHniottiwMiialAmgBi w tW Mi 'Jw ii lpHTiri iww CT nWiwt 

thanks A benmiBtois such OS you, the Fimdk groat work 
honi'vp nuulclans In the tntnie. The need he nerar 
bemi greatei; A Fl£ASE ACT NOW! 


WutqieTrmmartlftwftUne lie eni-n fhwiwwww 

Please make tbe Fund a benenciaiY under your WUL or send a 

MaitioWl llHTTne .Se ei» l <Hy. 

ISOgleStieat. Leaden WtP7L6 

a d»8 B a a. SB f g g 8 .Ji'8 1 



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9i a. 

d "e 


t! « 

Labour Right 
prepares big 
Militant purge 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Leading Labour right-wing- the Mersi^de 
ers are dfowins UP ptans for a not followed through ^ a Ioot 
S i?Sie?ZioSl^ of level, then the of Tjotsi^ 
Militant supporters, with di- ist infiltration will continue to 

■_.i_ Inmialtete nCP 

‘ ^ pool ttpulsions will be a 
Encoura^ by Mr Neil cromedc wernse 
Kinnock’s agreement to a Up to the bme 
Labour national executive Labour conference it l^b^ 
“show trial" of a dozen Uver- reported that only 18 local 
oool Militant supporters on Militant supports had been 
BSch 26. the nSt-wingers expelled by coi^tucncy^ 
are detemined to follow bes, wth another 15 fedng 
through with an appeal for expulsion, 
grassroots action against the vqTnerable 

''Militant menace". , ^ 

The Labour leader and Mr tO ChalIcngCS 
La^ Whitty, the party's gen* ]( estimated that fi 
era] secretary, are adamantly 5 q |^ve been thrown 
oppo^ to any general puiw. ofthe party since the nati 
and party headquarters will executive took action agi 
therefore not become Militant leader 

involved. 1982. 

Bui the difUculty for those While local parties 1 
constituency party membera spelled Militant sappo 
who are ho^e to Mihmt is celling Militani, pnx 
that they are no match for the ^,a\ membership is di£Q 
Trotskyist machine. .if only beause the tend 

Cardiff South and Penang denies the enstence of 

It is estimated that fewer 
than SO have been thrown oat 
ofthe party since the national 
executive took action against 
the five Militant leaders m 
1981 . ^ 

While local parties have 
expelled Militant supporters 
for selling Militani, proof of 
actual membership is difficult, 
if only because the tendency 
denies the existence of an 

Cardiff Soutb ana renan^ denies the extstence ot an 

Mr James Callaghan's conslit- oiganization. Legal cballe^ 
uency. is said to have been j$ therefore an easy option for 
forced to reinstate three ac- the Trotskyists, 
knowledged Militant support- £yeQ Labour’s national ex- 
ers. after their expulsion in ^tive is vulnerable to litiga- 
Deceraber. because of a tech- as Mr Whitty conceded 

nical fegai challenge to the gt last month’s executive 
procedures used. . meeting. , ^ 

Leading Labour nght-wing- jg g clear hint of the 
ers are responding by diawi^ grounds for possible legal 
up detailed procedures to be getion MUitant says that no 
followed in expulsion cases, evidence had been furnished 
and they are considering set- gnd that while some “charges" 
ting up a special fund to heen laid against the 

indemnify parties for the costs Liverpool 12 because of 
of le^ challenges by Mihtant gauges a^ breaches of party 
members. rules by district Labour Party 

Tendency turns officers and execuUve com- 
iCWirucj MUU9 members, it a 

to the courts “mystery" that some offim 

Because of Militant’s in- had been diaiged and others 
creasing tendency to turn to had not. i^— 

the “capitalist courts" - Mr John 
backed up by their formidable of the council and the Disc^ 
SSoMl Screes -Ubour’s Labour 
national executive has . been . not cbMged, hfc Feh^ 
asked to bail out parties faced gowUng. .a jJjJ i 

with heavy legal costs, but It IS ^LP s^tar)^ ^ bem 
most unlikely that the p^ 

leadership would sancuon DU», Mr Tei^Harro^ 
such help. had been charg^ 

Manv party members -and vice-president, Mr Mdie 
they are by no means confined Loyde^ Labour hff for Liw 
to the right-wing - believe pool Garston, had not been 
that if this month’s attack on chatged. 

the DLP, Mr Terry Harrison, 
had been charged; another 
vice-president, Mr Eddie 
Loyden, Labour MP for Liver- 
pool Garston, had not been 

Today's events 

Royal engagemei^ . . 

The Queen, accompanied by 
the E>uke of Edinbui^ opens 
Uie Wigan Wer Developmcnu 
Wigan. 9.50: and ihen visits the 
Greater Manchester Exhibiuon 
Centre, 11.25. and the Greater 
Manchester Police Communica- 
tions and ComiHiter Complex, 
Chester House, Mandiesier. 

Princess Alice, Duch^ of 
Gloucester, visits HRH Pnnoess 
Christian's Hospital. Windsor. 
4.30: and later attends a recep- 
tion at the GuUdhaU, Windsor, 
6 . 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 164^99 

■ ■ m m Miii 

Total eclipse for observ^ory 

‘ •7'v 1.'^' ■' 

Times past The Greenmch Observatory 
in 1710. 

to ^ Ssie <wnn« eartier 

SSrf arSf an hour SMisy po«tion» tijt 
on ttatt side.pfOTm 

"Local seoBiw’teWKl^. ftoo^ 0“ 

Bythtf hewBttdie locd W *be <ava sgj^ ai 

«wi4iisQftlmiaaiaBgyogat - takes responal^ yafe. 

» iry to mgggdsdfl^U eMfflBia 

ta&an «^«w^ bousuK. wieoisstmftttesttpstos^ 
oF Hthe wfcWsa Jriver^^^dCeU 
•Goimunest sod if aayoiie 4S auUmiata ^ 

jfriiiHtasisfeiisoittoatothe -^e 

start tltfow- see that evetj^nng&iicdoos 

^SSSskirtsQfaaio te 

camp aenws tire pemnsdi : tfee Aimr 

uiaBcnadesaiidsi&o(n!«. ■ 

^SSSskirtsQfaaio te 

camp aenws tire pemDS®aa : tfee Aimr 


and a sceat^ taoie tf;' laStfry <wae w p t^ 

SSSiSS ^ fcr 

almost an hour. -to the meanunae, ihoaih 

**We sent oat an admtf^ -nuht^ mmmen are 
tiativecoavay,'?said.aBaR^-. mepopiilar^a^wBe. 

“aod it cane.acrost. - aey are notwryba^ s cep 
s^TniHinc. We had: oaaV^o^^ : ’ • - ^ 

pian : wounded in . .^‘g^fiimlostiUvantothe 
dioqtxnge'* ' " . beg^; one! ^Ottag bosaness- 

Tatar nMTtS . ROB toe miwf COMpUMied. ,**t .See it 
Natioad Secoji^. : juoinid-the.piaee^oRnsiooa^ 

said'tiBa a wnoost bM^o ly^butLtiwigeEnb^" 

been <Mast ^ drive' cv." a 

m Veivel ^H i i ii_J W«»ptgf .: M^essibhtf adminM, 

-rMnfbgced:.‘fte:..beie^ ^ . re jt 

oirison wi& .prefe«, which vriopg «i& 

forised -liien,^ said, qy sKiefliAiistinSkRiKrsebaBd 
' locahtebesohSera traiaeo m- .^^foj^MlBW'sUgded^ite 

I cODSter^ttongenQ'. wm to . |i|« mads: . I drove siv 


i « ’ 

- ff . rf 

J Greenwidi Observatory whidi is to be do^ 
indi UK infiared telescope in the ior^FOoiKL 

By Pearce Wright, Sdence Editor 

The Royal Greenwfch Obsei^ 
vatory b to be closed and Herst- 
monceax Castle, the headunar^ 
honsing its archives, sold. The 
likelytote b for the casde and 
gronnds, once the telescope doi^ 
have gone, b to be boi^ttas a h^ 
tel or conntry-dnb for a gon 

The dedsion to sell was an- 
ttounced yesterday by Professor 

William Mitchell, diairnian of the 

Sdence and Engiiieering Re- 
search CoandL Penmssion is 
I needed from the Treasury, which 

More than fonr years agfi the 
group under Sir Derek Rayner, 
advidng the Gormument on ways 

to ent spemUng, snggesfed the sale 

of the fifteenth-oentnry moated 
casde. Bat that recommendafron 
did not nectosarily meu dosnre 
ofthe site. ■ 

The Royal Greenwich Obser- 
vatory, by for the ddest scientific 
estabUshment in Britain, was 
founded by Cbaiies D in 1675 at 
G^emiwidi Park in Lmdon. 

The move to its she at Host- 

I nc. I 11*1 

New Exhibitions 
Modern Britisli Art 1880- 
1950; MJChad Parian Fine Art 
Lid, 1 1 Motcomb Su SWl; Mon 
to Fri 10 to 6, Sat 10 to 1 (ends 
April 18). 

Painttnes by Andrew Mans- 
fieUTAnSony R«noto Gal- 
1^, 37 Cow]^ St, EC2; Tubs to 
Sat 1 1 to 6 (ends April 20). 

Alfred GUberc Sculptor of 
Eros; Royal Academy <rf Arfe 
Piccadilly, Wl; Mon to Sun 10 
to 6 (ends June 29). 

pointings by Susan Arnold, 
Christiane Dupont-Nanrin, Da- 
vid Iredi^ Mary Jadcson and 
Andrew King; The Wricdiam 
GaUeries. High Street, 
Slockbridge, Hants; Tues to Sat 
{0 to 5 (ends May 3X 


I Hawker's Car Elevaxor at 
bargain price (9). 

6 Disreputable notice inserted 
in short (5). 

9 Milton's blind fury (sic) 
with tb' abhorred shwus (7). 

10 Crcumtenestrial bleeper 
whose variegated skin ap 
pears out of jriace (7). 

II The Wild Goose forms part 
of this - some (5). 

12 Teacher’s b^iniiing to 
study the economist — te- 
dious task (9). 

13 Ptayeis not at home in 
Robinson Crusoe, for exam- 
ple (8). 

15 Bridge player has a con- 
dition — one that needs to 
be adopted? (4). 

19 Sort of stone fruit? (4). 

20 Sees “term" as a sort of defi- 
nition (8). 

23 Where plate-layers worit on 
the railway (6-3). 

24 Name of a Spanish article 
you found in (jeimany (Sk 

26 One vying to catch child's 
horse, prewed by Miss Oak- 
ley (7). 

27 ^'s swell. reoeiviDg com- 
pany (7). 

28 Leg-wear a prophet shows 

29 In Miicb truth is momen- 
tarily revealed (9). 


1 State supports first fonn 
^oviding sudi education 

2 Jane takes one in a bircTs 
nest (5). 

3 Old parrot invitiitt another 
bird to pay a call ^). 

Conebe Crossword, page 10 

4 Whhefiiars sanctuary — 
name of a df^ (8). 

5 Destiny witii whidi king is 
satisfiM (6X 

6 Robust shem may have this 
Gom{g^ (6). 

7 His income derived fimn an 
eccentric aunt with tin? (9). 

g Servitude imposed on many 
a countryman (5). 

14 Tunes can change with on- 
set of sdence that's 
meaningful (9). . 

16 Stuffing at police get-to- 
^er, say (9). 

17 Retali^on for damare to a 
spire accepted by both sides 
( 8 ). 

18 We raise a hardy annual 
perhaps among legendary 
monsters (8). 

21 German coding madiine 
presenting gpm" in new 
form (6). 

22 Beetle, namdy, cm a hotse 


23 Such cou^ shown by a 

man of Hunt (S). 

25 Neck shows singnlar scar 


SflhrttoM to pozrie No 16^98 

^ B n B 

saHlSEBI^E • tilHEHE 
nans - sa-fp] 

a •s-Q- a n - . n- ff 
rj - P! n-a b * -m 
iS s - p=' p.-.-fs ^ m 

i^Ennri<iasB?s r^Bass 
R B H • B' a a o 
binnns liaREEHaESfi 
^npffiaraa i^BPaana 

Profit by Desren; Scottish 
Design Omtre. 72 St Vmceirt St, 
GlaosBw; Mem to Pn 930 to 
4.55. Sal 9 to 435 (ends April 

Exhibition in progress 
The Art of Living; Chds«» 
Gardener. 125 Sydney St, 
sea, today and tomorrow 10.30 
to 6 (until March 22). 


The London Sinfonietta's sec- 
ond Repose Weekend: an 
experiment in music making: 
Bookspace, today 8, tomorrow 
11 to laSun 1! to iO: Concert 
by the BBC Symphony Or- 
chestra, 730; Rcqrm Festival 
Hall, Soutb Bank,. ^1. 

Concert by the New Sym- 
phony Orchestra; .John Bate 
Choir and Fan&re .Trumpeters 
fiom the Coldstream Guards; 
Barbican HaD, EC2, 7.45. 

Organ redial by James Difr 
ton; German Christ Church, 
Montpelier Place, SW7, 7.30. 

Concert by the Rqwtory 
Orchestra: works by 
Mahler and Stravinsky; Royal 
AcaderayofMusic, Duke's Hall, 
Marylebone Rd, NWl, 730. 

Redtal by Ishani Bhotda (vi- 
oltn) and Ste{riien Betieridge 
^iano); The Pump Room, B e th , 

' Concert by Chetbam's Sdiool 
of Music; New Theatre. 
Oswestry CoUcse, 7.30. 

Talks, lectores 
Discomfort. Danger and 
Death: The painful history of 
theatre r^ulations. by John 
Earle; Museum of London. Lon- 
don Wall EC2, i.ia 
The world's first commuter 
railway, by Ronald Thomas; 
Deptfoid Town Hall, New 
Cross. SE14, 7.45. 

Book coUectiog and 14th July: 
A revolutionary theme? by ^ 
William Rees-Mogg; Prince of 
Wate Hotel, Town End, Gras- 
mere, AmUeside,9.1S. 


Book Fair Royal Baths, 
Hammato. today, 2 to 8. tomor- 
row 10 to S. 

Soho Sfuing Bazaar, Soho 
Parish Schoo. 23 Great Wind- 
miUSuWl,630toia . , 
1986 Camden Festi^;^ for 
telephone: 01-388 1394. 
The 62nd Chdsea Aniwr^ 
ftin Chelsea Old Town 
King's Rd, SW3, today U to 73a 

tomorrow 1 1 to 6. 

Food prices 


Home product siniiig Iamb, 
a seasonal treat, is only lucely to 
be found at jwesent in a ^ 
'specialist shops. Harrods. for 
example, have leg at £2.75 a Ih, 

shoulder at £1.50 and loin chops 

at £3.50. These prices compare 
fovourabty with those of old 


Beef is a good boy this week, 
with reductions ou many cuts; 
topside £1.8962.34 a fo, Ibrerib 
roaa £1.19-£1.68, and siiioin 
yteatr £2.8S-£3.76. Pork jniem 
may be sliriitiy op, tmt it is still 
good value: whole leg ranges 
fiom 85p6130 a Ih, lorn diopa 
£1.2S-£1.S0 and bqndess shout 
dtf96p^l.45. ' 

Home grown v^Mble prices 
have f-hanged very little consi^ 
aring the improvement in 
wouer conditioas. Bnissris 
qirouis at 35-4Sp a lb are 
sli^tly dearer but the price of a 
cauliflower has almost halved at 

304Sp. Onions 10-20p a lb, 
carrots 16-23p, parsnips 25-35^ 
leeks S0-70p, primo calfoage 20- 
25p, and sw^e 15-20p, are all 
similar to last week. Imported 
vegetables such as brooeoti 9(H>- 
£120 a lb, mange tout £1.50r 
£2.00 a lb. 

Round letmce is a best buy at. 
20-28p a bead; loeborg lettuce 
S5-7Sp per head, celery 3(MQp a 
head but all tomatoes are more 

nioncenx, In East Sussex,, was 

made in 1948 to get away from tbe 
heavily poDiited air of Londeph 
vhi^ faampned ohseryB^'l 

The cas^ hooses ^ sii^e 
most impOTtant diilectkHi:^ par 
pers in 'any stdentific •anduve. A. 
public eacMbiridn . at« the caste, 
attracted Intoe than, dOjCHIO .visr 
itorsayear. . -- 

Beh^ the decision the foct; 
Aaf ini^ ggonnd-liased tte- 
scopes boat by Britain an befog 

constructed on rite nioinita]ii tops 

at la Palma, fo rite Canaries, 
Manna Kea in HawaiL ■ 

AwmdEiageef h^l geMge 

w31;inoTC: E aoiws Britmn, 
tomtol tzon^ foDowiug 

i congter-umugBag. wp rit ^at ng. roads ‘"B i drove my , ^ 
Priristan.T!terewq»jwygar ear 1 woiM soon lose 
» n' - ii»t i g eg <H fire to tb^ _o’L p 

vAhmto^ We ^ 

vohratet Wc afted 

ibeir!)eriineBr,ibvn*laots Shops, 

alsa *Cvi9e(r iocalBihabit-* RafaiBris^^sdlttiintliowet'- 
anis to nkrie dot ofthrirr retfastteJw^gcalez^- 
bomes wfakh were even for- fes and.kjttwp whidi, maned 
i-foerawm: period ef-ie^ 

“I hare becoure ad foterari te rilowM te 

-KfiKec;'’' arid Professor A obgcmoa ^'llieto.wm'Stob- 
-Svathamtayi a former mnn-.r.b^ fegfotbi^ .in the'Mly 
-her of die officiri ceastteHRanA^ 
i pi«anriwg conunfoea wN’ JEteed ltealaoaiL W 
nureed reih his .wife im foia 

M. «L_ . a. ^ m 

Births: Jriuuni Sebastnn 
Bsenbadt Gtomany, 
1685;- Jen-Buptfsto Fourier, 
mathematician,- Anxe^ny, 
ftanec, I768r^ ifctoy* Kirka 
Whito. poetaster, Nottingham, 
i78S;_Benito Juarez, president 
of Mexico 1.861-72, &n 
Guristao, Mexico, 1806; Albert 
CbetidiBr, music ball enter.: 
taiiier, London, 1861. 

Deaths: Thomas Craimer, 
Archbishop of Canterbury, 
1533-56, burned at tbe stake, 
Oxford, 1556. Jaama Ussher, 
Arriibishop of Armagh, Reigate, 
Surrey, 1656; Jcaa-Baptiste 
Greuze, painter, Paris, 1805; 
Robert Southey, Keswkk, Cum- 
bria, 1843. 

seanorod'shoiMrs, more poraisttne 
rate or i*1zSe1atBr; \Mnd W backing 
SW strong to gate-foreo; max tonip 
9C{4aF). ^ - 

- OuHoofc for taaaaciow and Sm- 
day: U ns ettled wHh rttowerr or 
kxw outb roo te of rate, but also 
some biUdar cbler te tor tu d^ 

■ ^ ~ J 

V H^' 



taedeuBriSgs gX 
AtaMdsm^ ' ftSI 

1 nr «i 1 

! SJ2 1UB 1 

1 32^1040 .1 

AHSMtelc nil 
BEtalt 7iS4 

crnmr i4f 

I- . sy a3t . j 
k £7 a.12 

1 K IS j 

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; 4.1 2to i 
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3A 343 

as3f : - . ?| 

r 431 tm i 

1 3A &17 -1 

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BfeBBoMa ' 1.41 

1 .mjc f^v 7 

1 S3 243 t 

1 &2 244 1 


1 42 HA1 4 

Italian air Strike 


Biriteiri '* 

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acwbeie.-: &8-.V. 1 

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enwiw • . - A 11 

UwMWB-- - - -g .] 

f ■ 

i.:48:.wDpni i 
1 '48 sunpto ' 
» saibg 

t. 46 ciGudy. : . 
r 4S Ml' 

- SHtRUA' - 
. Ms 'to C 
HPfirir-'r-' &0 'Xn 11 
Mtoy . - 72 - 4 

OatoynBtor' A2 - 
rii iiiiirli 102 JP. i 

DoedM 9A '• ■{ 

BiOljbtoAlfo'WAteo'' ' 

} 48 ww 

y 46 utov. 

Italian ahUne j^ts will stop 
-worit tomorrow fiom 98m until' 
9pin, prevenxiiig the departure 
of most Alitalia and ATI fli^its 
from Italian airports, union 
officials said yesterday. 

Alitalia’s international flight 
will land but not take oCT dunng 
tbe IT-hottf period iNit/odier 
awtififl* ' mdig Italian aizptots 

will not beaffitoted. 

Ahport offici^ said -there 
was a possSnliiy of further 
strikes by jhIois and comroUers 
around Ute busy Easln period. 

Top Films 

Tits' top box-office fflme in Lon- 

1 ( 1 ) Outof Africa 
21-) Ooekwlse 
3 {.) jas^Edge 

4 1 a Ran 
5 { -) Yng Sherlock Holmes & 
Pyremids of Fear 
6(3) AChorusUne 
7(7) BaiA to the Future 
8(4) commando 
9(5) ^es Like Us 
10 ( -) Echo Park 
' The top fPms in the prevliiees; 

1 Out oi Africa 

2 Commando 

3 Jesus 

4 RoekylV 

5 Death Wish III 

S(0(Sm By Sn*i HamuiBnBl 

Laodon: Tlie PT MW dosed UP 2Sn at 

Parliament today 

CoouBODs (930); Debate on 
private Member's motion on 
national service youth training 
and reserve forces. 

Top video rentals 

1 (•) Petum of the Jed 

2 (- ) Police Academy 2: Thrtr 1st 

Snow Reports 

Depth Conditions- Weather 

(cm) Off Runs to (5pm) 

L U PistB PMa resort - *C 


StAnton 60 285 good varied tor fine < 

Good tfdteg on and off piste ^ 

SoMen 20 129 fair hsaw poor dotid 

Snow needed on kiwar slopes 


Alped’Huez 145 250 tejr varied 'foir* doud 

Good dcHng on Itoher slopes ■ ' ^ ^ 

Isola2000 1W 200 good va1ed-;goqd ftee ■ -> 

ExceientsMtegaHpistos - ^ 

LaPle^ 138 260 good varied good, doud- -- 

Lowest runs soft - ^ - 

Megeve 30 120 good • powder Mr doud ^ 

Poor vfsbBty, good powder . ' 

Morzine ^ 170 Mr heavy poor doud 

Heavy snw on tower stapes 

Tignes 175 280 good varied good snow 

Good cover on aD slopes 


Devos^^ 70 170 good varied Mr ftee 

New snow improves condilions 

In the above reports. suppBed by r upr eae nt afi ves of the SId.Clitaof&eat 
Britain, L refers to lower stapes and U to upper, and ^to arttfidaf. 

3 (1 ) RamBo: Fkst Btaod 2 
A(3> Mask 
S(2| Ghostbusters 
6(15) Grains 
7(5) Beverly HRIs Cop 
8(6) The Hderoft Covenant 
9^i Cut and Run 
10 () Brewster's MIHons 
SuppSed by momSuwmm 



FRIDAY MARrff .)! iW 







- . - J / • 1 r 

■' - ■■V?^ 

I <,!,• 





1690.1 (-*60^ 






W German maifc 

6.3540 (-1^.0096) 

Tracte^iwi ghted 
75.3 (+0.5^ 

to 1,415 
as poimd touches $1 .50 

Economics Cwrespmdept 


Xho . l^mmersoQ Oroui 


joc.-naminersoQ tjToup is 
■ todev^pafTOorillion^ce 

" ^ scBcme in the Qty of London 

^ -c ; ^ with. Taiset Corporation, one 

' of Japan's leading companies. 

* It is Taimi’s first British 
vputufc and -highligfats the 
. emergaKeoftlie Japanese as a 

-.IV':)) new and gFomng force in the 

. British property; mailalL 

' . -Hamniereoh and Taisei 

Iiw:bon^t the 80,000 $q ft 
' Rivefpbtc Honse in Finsbury 


■ . Sf . 








» ^ ^ 




Nominees, ■ the peinsum 

fbrdiede^city indnstrj^ for 
•QO'nifliiQn. Thetwoaieeqiia] 

. Riveiplate House win be 
ledeyeioped with about 
100,000 $9 ft of space. British 
Tdecom'is the. tenant there, 
and its lea^ -whicb expires in 
1988i ^ ha ve to te bought 
QUt-before.the developer can 

<Opec rejects 
adjournment . 

if^ Organuatioa of Fetro- 
leum Expoitiiig Countries has 
selected a moposal that h 
. diould adjourn us meeting in 
Geoeva and reconvene -in 
London, after, a call fiomi 
Kuwait that pres sure on Btit- 
am to co>oper^ in catting oil- 
tmqNii should ccmtimie, Da- 
-vidYoui% writes fiom Gene* 

Tate stake 

Tate & Lyle has increased 
hs sUke in S&W Berisfoid, 
which owns ^ilsh Su^ar, to 
6.4 per coiL Tate fears that its ' 
bunnesscotrid be damaged by 
f , . i^itfm w‘MBi'irishSt]iaf:bir 

t&I^ ahead 

Tomer & Newan^lte auto^ 
motive and constmoion ma- 
terials company, made p rrt a x 
profits of £39.6 imUkai last 
year,- upftoiii £^.5 milfibn on 
a compar a ble ba;^ Ttimover 
ibre fix»n £520 million to 
£S3S mfllion and the dividend 
is doubled to 5^ 

. Tempasypage lP . 

Park victory 

- Harvard Securities has co|^' 
ceded yietc^ to Eaik Place in 
the control ofUnited 

Computer and Techntdogy. 
-Paifs ofo has become nn- 
^conditkmal; with acceptances 
Tor S6.2 percent of the capitaL 

JET deal 

X BET- has extended the oper- 
"ations of ite speciahst w^e 
tmanagement company. Bifife, 
‘'With the acquiation of the 
-ScxidiaiDptoa iqKrauon ' of 
'Bath Waste-Dtspw Services, 
'in subadiary of OH Beazer, in a 

'^£625,000 deal 

'^Insiiret' down 

Legid & Gener^ foe life 
■"and yn e m t inforance compa- 
”ny, made pretax juofiB of 
•iOI.S milhoB last yeas; a' 
rdedme<d‘34:s per cent The 
dividod was raxsed by 14 per 
cent to 24J per cm and a 
tw64br>ooe snip issue pro- 
posed; Tempos, pi«e 19 

Bi^er stake 

Budemaster A Moon, foe 
stockbrokei; said yestmday 
. foal.lbe 29.9 per cent bdd m h 
by' Credit Sufese; foe; Sniss 
. bank, is being increased to 85 
per cent on Ai^ 14^ 

Share jMices continued thdr 
sharp upward adjustment to 
foe post-oil era foir the British 
economy yesterday, witfa'an- 
efoer -strong acrosp-tbohoaid 
rise. The" pounds strengih 
encouraged hbpes of more 
•base rate cuts, .vfoile moirtgasB 
rate reduCtibas and the BiK^et 
tax cuts have boosted consum- 
er sector jmqiects. 

There is evidence with 
foe-risk- of a sharp steiUng -M 
now r^arded as' much lower 
than it was over the winter, 
fordgD buyers are movhig in 
to the London martet in a big 
w^. • 

The Fmandal Times indu^ 
trial ordinary.foare index rase 
by 25.6 points to a new hi^ of - 
•1415.1, brmldu fhrou^ the 
1400 barrier efiorlIessly. .The 
wider" FI-BE index rose-by 
30.3- pomts to 1 690. f . 

The rim added-£f.2 fnliion 
to share values, acooriUog'to 
<aleulati(tts by Datastream,- 
foe Oty information service. 
In foe past three days, £103 
billion has -been added to 


MAM J .1 A SON 0.1 FM 


. The poimd opened stroogly 
yrateiday on pom-Bud^ optH 
mism and hopes of a prodno* 
tion' agreement by the 
Organization of Petroleum 
Ejmorting Countries, mee^ 
in 'Geneva. In early tradii^ 
the. pound broke .ibroogh the 
SI. SO barrier, reaching 

It later succumbed to profit- 

foe new mood ofeptimism in 
the London financial maiiets. 

is flowing across foe 
exchanges into both gilts and 
equities. Gilt eiteca stocks 
were.up by around « points at 
the long end yesterday. 

Mr Michad Howell, poitfb- 
lib streCKtst at L Messel & Co, 
the stodforoker, said that the 
sharp rise in share prices was 

the Chancellor has left scope 
for felling interest rates, and a 
lot of fond managers have got 
cash to put into the market’*. 

Yesterday, in response to 
the pound's early rise, money 
market rates fell back sharply, 
toalevel of around 11 percent 
for the three-month interbank 
rate. Later they rose slightly to 
around llVli per cent with 
'money market traders saying 
that a fonher half point could 
come off base rates 

However, there is little ]ike<- 
liboi^ of the Bank of England 
pomitting another reduction 
so soon after Wednesday's, 
althou^ the outlook is for 
lower base rates. 

tai^fe b^uret^'foe&fct^ due to impro ved diWdend 
an a^eement but stiD prospects, coupled with genep. 

a.gam of 1:08 cents to 
1.4880. -Against the West 
•Oennan mark, the pound rose 
a'.pfennig to Dm3.3544. The 
deniing indi^ rose 0.5 points 
to 75.3. 

The sirei^ of foe pound 
. appearato bedpsdylinkedtb 

oos cover, and ov ers e as inter- 
est, paitfeulariy in Bricifo 
bank and insurance shares. 
According to Mr Kenneth 
Engfis. eqmdes apeefeiist at 
Phillxps & Drew, another 
stodtbroken **T!ie message 
aimears to have sunk in that 

£ 43 msaie 

Westminster Press, a Pear- 
son subsidiary, has agreed to 
sell Bedford County Press and 
Norfoera Press for £4.3 mil- 
lion to companies set up by 
Mr John Bartons and Mr 
Peter Fowler, both formerly of 
Westminster Press. 

Bntoil blames 10% staff 
cut on falling oil prices 

Brittal yerterday advised its 
em^oyees fltaC staff cats of ]0 
per cent will be reqmred by the 
.md of fois year. Ffom a total 
of 2,700 eai^^rre^ 250 ta 300 
win go. '• -k 
.Ahont 150 jobs iHll be lost 
M foe company^ beadq uart ew 
in GliM|nr a^ 100 in Abta- 
de^ The.petralem CBqghieer^ 
ing !and . exploration 
de pmun e nta . wiD bear, foe 
bnnt of the cntbacks and they 
wiU be . spread . . over bofo 
clerical aad'profetaimiarstafiL - 
The need to vednee mndiims 
was ' Uaaied on .fofifiim cal 
iniees. Tlie. company .ii 9 » 
foat mnfo «i the reduction in 
st^nimMitas win be achieved 
by -not T^lacii^ foose vfoo 
ton«. . 

By OmrG^ Staff 

llbwevcr, a lack of job 
opportmities conid rednoe foe 
rate of staff tanover. The 
ttonml rate of turn ove s in 
Britea h» been more foiui 10 
per. cent HI post years, bat fob 
has fallal, dne possndy to 
rednoed reendtment ^ otter 
eompanies who find them- 
selves stnfoajy constidned. 

Other measnies to help foe 
company to live with icdaeed 
revomes iadnde entfom foe 
exphnation badgel by 4l per 
cent. But the copipnny 
stressed foe need to cen tt we 
in foe efibrt to nqitace fto 
reserves wHufo it was prodne- 
ijw at an aimnal rate of 70. 
Buiioa barrels, the size of a 
smaU North Sea oil fidd. 

The bad news was ddivered 

wifo foe to^ltoiinary lesnlts 
for the year to last EkKeober. 
ftefit tor foe year was £188 
MitniBa, 11 per cent ahead of 
1904 and m Baa wifo foe 
fmcest made at foe time of 
foe fiiminminft last dtoit 
eale in foe enmaMT. 

There is a fiaal dividend of 
9p per share g^viag a total of 
1^ for foe year, a 13 per cent 
Inoeaseoa last year. 

At tile end of last year, cash 
l ese miMs were equal to leaas 
gMai aero net debt This 
poaitma has forgdy been 
mafotofoed hi foe lint 2Vi 
meatiis of 086, bat cash 
rcsoaraes win be inn down tins 
year hi ^ ab e eheir of a 
teoemy in; foe oi price. 

Tanpntp^ 19 

. City Staff 

Bariraa D^l'opments. the 
vfopse fortunes 
were adversely aflected by two 
television programmes wfaidi 
rri rirfawl timber-fraiiK hous- 
ing a^ starter homes, showed 
an' SS 'per'dsnt 'recoven^-;in 
pretax profits ip .£73 m^bn 
in the m orontlis to December 

The - company is building 
fewer homes — 4,350 comide- 
tions in the first half com- 
•pa^ with 6330 — but is 
making mme money throat 
redudnghs ddn and changing 
its range of houses. 

Barrati estimates it 
adiieve its bbje^ve of bui^ 
ing 70 per cent higher margin, 
second homes by the end of 
thisu calendar year. Its new 
Pimier Coupon of £20,000 
to £500,000 houses, which 
staned to sen last September, 
has been wdl 'recmv6d,-ao- 
cording to Sir Lawrie Barratt, 
■the chairman. Mto Mar vel 
Thatcher was One of the fist 

The. average reiling price of 
a Barratt home rose to£3S,000 
in the first half and should 
readi £40,000 by June, against 
aDaveiagoof£32,000!n 1984- 
85. Obtainiim suitable build- 
ing land is suU a big problem,' 
Sh- Lawrie said, but the land 
bank was ..mainlained at .216 
yeaxi^ worth. Barratt is m- 
'creasingly looking for land m 
the more prosperous Souib- 

market summary 


^PTAI Share. 

; ft.5ejo o 



■Dsl»WL US*4 ..... I I 

Soviw 1803.63 tHiSTl 

Dow 14re330 (+27&7Q 


... vr * 

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.6095 fSVM) 





re Yofkr 



D ee ciw n 


Hanreat ' ■ - - 


n wtoW l - 

Booker- — 
WOis Faber 












NewYede . 
£S1>1880 - 

$:DM2a540 . 
S: Index: 116.9 
ecu £0.644194 

interest RATES 


g^raiB , • 

pnme RatoOK . ' . ' 

--rMecal Funds 7K% . . 

goes borne 

Mr Paul 
bought bade HamlynTublitii- 
ing, the book puUishing com- 
pany he startM in 1949 and 
which made him a millionaire 
wben he sold out to the IPC 
puhUdmig group for £235 
milUbn in 1964. .. 

Octopis ^bfishxng, .the 
fost-growittg pnUishi^ group 
.which he set tto in 1971, 
announced yesterosy that it 
was paying a nmninal sum to 
buy Hamlyn Putdishing fiom 
Reed international, the 
laes^ ownen of IPC 

"Fve bad my eyes on ft fiir 
some tixne and we fist taOmd 
about it three years ago**, said 
Mr Hamlyn, wbo once 
again . have the right to hfe 
qxinympus imprinL ori^ 
^y sta^ the company 


has with £350 which was left to me 
by my grandfether.** 

The market capitalizatioa 
of Octopus is now £350 mil^ 
lion and Mr Hamlyn, who is 
cbairinaii. owns 40 per cent of 
•theriiaresL - 

Hamlyn Publishing whidi 
has assets worth £ 1 1 3 ffiflUoa 
less£l0 minion ofbofrowit^ 
Turnover is moie than £20 
miffioa but the company is 
not piesently profitalw no- 
lUre m 1964 vtiien ft made 

Octopus yesterdw 
pretax profits of £20.4 miUion 
m 1985, up from £133 

milliftn indurting H wnemann, 

the fbniier BTR subsidiary it 
took over last year. The shares 
gained 3Sp to 670p. 

Court setback for Rank 

.The Cbtirt of Appeal yester- 
day turned doirii . Rank 
Organisation*^ attenipt. to 
overtnfn the ftid^iaideDt 

of hs £751 for 

Gtmiada Group: 

The 1^ setback leaves the 
House of Lords as Rank's last 
Rcoutse, unless ft can find a 
way roimd the ISA's objec- 
tions. :Mr Michad Gifford, 
chief executive of Rank, has 
said tte company was inrsu- 
isig a miiiiber of id^ to try 
'and overcome die IBA's 
block. .. . 

By Our City Staff 

Rank uftlidrew its bid on 
Wednesday because of the 
costs of undenriitiiig and the 
ptoUems pre^ted. by the 
IBA Underwriting costs are 
estimated at about £8 million. 

In addhton Rank, advised 
by Morgan Gren^ has 
bouifet 8 per cent of Granada 
at a cost of aroimd £58 
mflUon. It has obtained per- 
mission fiom the Takeover 
Rmei to rebid for Granada in 
21 day^ biit only if the ISA's 
objections are overcome. 
There appears to be little 
immediate prospM of this. 

Dee pays 
£278m for 
US group 


hfe Alec Monied Dee Cbr- 
poration, the a^restive super- 
market chain, is paying £278 
ntillioa for Herman’s Sporting 
Goods, the lamest retailer ol 
its kind in the United States. 

This effectively ends any 
lingering hopre that Dee 
m^t be thinking of bidding 
for Woolworth, whose shares 
have risen shax]^ on tal^ver 

Asked vriiether Woolworth 
was now a dead dude, Mr Dee 
last night: "It was never a 
live one.** 

Herman's has 131 stores 
selHiig a range of sports equip- 
ment • from golf balls to ski- 
wear. Tbe company earned 
profits last year of £21 million, 
with just over half its £283 
miliioa safes being in soft 

Alec Monk: Dee unlikely 
to to WotflwOTth 

goods, such as athletic shoes 
and outerwear. 

The deal is being doire 
throi^ through a tender offer 
of $3535 ddlais a share. W.R. 
Grace, tbe big chemicals 
|FOi^ is accepting the offer 
for its 56 per cent stake. 

Tbe tender offer is beine 
m^'thiough a subsidiary of 
Lazards, thge merchant bank. 
Afterwanls Dee will bw that 
company in exchange for 125 
million new shares ^ich will 
be pteoed at 265p each - 
against a mailcet price yester- 
day of 283p. Dee's existing 
shardiolders will beentittod to 
subscribe for 47 percent of the 
new shares. 

. Dee, best known in this 
country for its Gateway, 
Lennons and MacMaikets 
stores, has been keen to create 
a new business in the U S for 

The sports goods maiicet in 
the U S is estimated to be 
worth around £9,000 million a 

The Herman’s outlets, situ- 
ated in the North-east and 
Middle We^ have been row- 
ingat 15 per cent a year. 

Weak US growth threatens 
Gramm-Rudman measures 

From BaOey Mprrfo, WadungtOD 

Tbe Uaiied Stafos eceuoBy 
b pcwii^at sadi a weak rate 
— 0.7 per cent to tlMi final 
quarter of 1985 — IbaC Con- 
gress may be fiiiced toabaii- 
don tbe torteoos d^dt- 
lednctiOD metbods required 
miliar , the GnaufrRudmaii- 
Rnlfii^ bslbtoctf budget law. 

; A little noticed pnmon of 
die bnr states foat if die 
'ccouMuy grows at a rate of less 
dnu 1 per cent, to two 
coasecptive qnirtei^ . . Cdu- 
ff&s most recoorider tiie 
ma^toiy bidget cuts neces- 
sary to rednoe to $208 IdlliMi 

Econontists raised to issne 
yestoday after a vto by to 
Rqwbfieav-coiitndled Senate 
Bt^et Osauiittee to defy 
President Reagan and approve 
a new.boitot to fiscal 1987 
iHiich 'slashro Ids defence 
and eontainsau $18.7 
UlfioB taxinaease. The Sen- 
ate pand, fu ptousb^ to send 
to bipsr&aB . Iwd^ to. to 


floor next week, said that 
drastic m eas ures were neces- 
sary to reduce to soarii^ 

But antoa foe ecoaomy 
pidcs up steam ia fois qoarter, 
to deficit rodnetioo ^forts 
may be for Dofob^ Cotaiaerce 
Department omcials an- 
nMueed on Wednesifay foat 
to growfo rate in to final 
qnartta td 19^ was revised 
downuwd to 0.7 pm cent from 
12 per out becaase of an 
imm^eded shaip rise in to 
' On a current aecoimt basis, 
Coding (rode and services, 
the dliflCTt was a reconl $365 
in tlM fottifo qnarter 
and $1175 bifliOB to all of 
1985, to departmeiit says. 

Altiumgb most economista 
expect to US economy to 
grow fester in this quarter, 
wbea to nnnfoeis tbey are 
released next taonfo they 
could show bdow 1 per cent 
growfo to a second qaorter 


because of laige ^ sectoral 
troablespots in fenaing, man- 
ufecnnlng and real estate; Mr 
Alan •Gieenstan, s fonner 
member of the US Council of] 
KcKreaiafe Advisers, said to 
sharp fourth quarter downiura 
nii^t lednce first qnarter 

The effects of to ooliapse in 
ofl price and to drop in to 
dolto, whidi has plummeted 
Mgaiaet foe yen to as low as 
17450, has not yet made a 
fevQuraUe impact on to US 

Indeed, to snrprisiiigly 
sharp rise in foe Febrna^ 
nnemptoymeiit cate to 75 per 
cent tom 6.7 per cent to 
moofo before was an indica- 
tion of cQOt h u an g weakness. 
AltiH^ to increase was an 
aberrafom, caused in part by 
bad weather which reduced 
hhing in some indostries, it 
none to less erased most of] 
the gains made last year in 
reducing imemploymenL 

Executive Editor Kenneth Reel 

Doubts surface about 
Lawson equity plan 

There was a resounding cheer from 
almost all quarters of the City when 
tbe Chancellor, Nigel Lawson, un- 
veiled the outlines of his new 
Personal ^uity Plan in the budgeL 
Despite the Stock Eebange's 
in^fferfent record in interesting the 
general public in its wares there is 
almost univers^ agreement among 
market i^ofessionals that wider share 
owners&p is. in principle, a Good 

But the doubts have already b^n 
to emerge over questions of practical- 
ity. As the Chancellor's proposals 
stand, any adult will have the option 
of managing his own PEP or of 
paying someone else to do it for him. 
Since the huge majority of people the 
scheme is aimed at have not invested 
in the stock market before most will 
probably seek out an expert to handle 
their investment for them. 

Traditionally, stockbrokers have 
shied away from large numbers of 
small client accounts because of tbe 
expense of administering them. That 
attitude, aided by advances in teeb- 
nolo^ which niake administration 
cheaper, has been changing over the 
last year. A broker such as Phillips & 
Dr^, which recently set up its own 
licenced deposit taking ofi^tion, 
should be in a ideal position to 
convert people's cash into equities as 
the PEP rules require. While some 
brokers may now be better able than 
before to hwdle small accounts th^ 
still have a lot of work to do in 
learning bow to market shares out- 
side tbe City. 

Banks and building societies are 
more obvious institutions to offer 
management services to tbe public. 
Qearii^ banks and those merchant 
h^ks with active personal invest- 
ment management operations should 
embrace the opportunity with enthu- 
siasm. Building societies are more of 
an enigma. It is not clear whether 
they wul qualify as plan managers or 

The Building Societies Bill, now 
approaching the report stage in 
Parliament, will allow societies to 
"act in the disposal of shares and 
investments" — in other words, to act 
purely as brokers. But the Chancellor 
said in bis budget speech that only 
registered securities dealers would be 
able to act as plan managers in the 
PEP scheme. 

Sodeties will therefore include this 
issue in their attempts to change the 
Bill’s attitude to pension fund 
management At present ft allows 
societies to a^inister pension funds 
but not to manage them — exactly the 
frustrating postilion they could find 
themselves in with PEPs. 

Unit trusts will also be trying to 
change tto terms of the PEP rules so 
far laid out since at present they 
would be excluded as investment 
vehicles for foe scheme. Even if they 
foil in getting foe rules changed there 
is nofoing to prevent unit trust 
comp^es setting up seperate PEP 

There are other doubts. Ci^ 
experts question how economic it 
would ever be to manage private 
•share accounts where foe maximum 
monthly investment is a mere £200. 
During last year's debate over por- 
table pensions big insurance compa- 
nies concluded that they could not 
hope to offer small pension schemes 
at an economic rate if tbe State 
Earnings Related Scheme were abol- 
ished. The problem wifo foe PEP is of 
a similar nature. 

Others object that people simply 
do not save money in the way Mr 
Lawson appears to think th^ do. The 
building societies's experience, for 
example, is that most people save 
very intermittently, depositing sums 
of over £10.000 at a time — well over 
foe annual £2,400 limit allowed 
under the PEP proposals. AJid are tbe 
tax br^ks in scheme really big 
enough to attract the multititude? 

Many believe not, partly because 
there is no relief on foe initial 
investment, partly because tax reliefs 
on capital gains are already generous 
enou^ to make foe reliefs in a PEP 
look rather insignificant 

BES loophole 

Amendments to the Business Expan- 
sion Scheme outlined in the Budget 
would open the door for farming and 
property development schemes 
which were bwned in earlier budgets. 
This cannot be foe Chancellor’s 

In response to widespread criticism 
— not least in this column — of the 
way in which the BES had deteri- 
orated into a tax haven for investors 
in search of safe, asset-backed invest- 
ment Mr Lawson has introduced a 
rule that no BES company can have 
more than half its net assets in land 
and buildings. Given such a rule, 
there would no longer be any logic in 
excluding fanning or property 
development ventures. Highly- 
g^ired property development compa- 
nies, it would appear, would be 
welcome under the new BES regime. 

While one can sympathize with the 
difficulty of introducing any general 
lest to curb a^-hacked ventures - 
apparently the Inland Revenue has 
been struggling to come up wifo a 
satisfactory dennition of "asset back- 
ing " — the propolis would pave foe 
way for yet more incestuous dealings 
involving directors and sponsors of 
BES companies. They would be able, 
it seems, to hold land and buildings 
in a separate company and lease them 
to the B^ company. 

The Chancellor is keen to foster a 
climate of risktaking, leaving inves- 
tors to take their chances in the 
market place, discriminating between 
risk and rip off. While caveat emplor 
is certainly suitable for the BES 
investor, it is surely possible to 
stimulate enterprise and risktaking 
without creating opportunites for rip- 
offs to flourish. 

In the first six months since we 
introduced Dealercaii over 4000 
investors have become card holders 
and many of them are now using 
the service regularly. 

Here’s how It works: 

□ \bu apply for an investment limit 
to suit your requirements. 

□ You receive your personally 
numbered Dealercaii Account Canl 

□ To buy and sell shares, or unit 
trusts, you simply call the special 
Hoare Govett Dealercaii telephone 



Pinanctal Services Group 

HmhOOhMLMiM HmamcilTht Stock Eutunge 

Heiwi HouM. 319-325 Hign Hobom. Lonoon WCIV TPS. 

tei (»l-404 0344 Tetak. 869773 

number- 01-242 3696 with 
your instructions. Our mlniumum 
investment transaction is £750. 

□ Hoare Govett negotiates the best 
price available -and reports back to 
you immediately. 

For further Inibrmation and an 
application form, send in the coupon 



r ■ ■■■ A'-'A 


Niciioias Hunioke. Hoare Go«en DeaiercaH. Heren 
House. 319*325 Hign HoiDOm. London WCIV rPB. 
Please send me (tirtfior nVofmathm enda Dealereaff 
account opening (omi. 



^ ^ 




last summer, while the 
Government was sdling the 
second, trancfte of firitoil 
shares, the company sai^ in 
connecton with its profits 
forecast in the prospectus for 
sn months to December 
1985, that each £1- change in 
tte price would mean a 
dimrehce of £5 mnimn fQ £g - 
million in net income for the 
half -year. This would be 
dnuvalent to appnndmatdy 
JmO jnillioh in a niO year. * 

1 If 1986 oil prices Temaih at 
a band level, ttiig . 
ijoaipGes a'£90 million in 
net Income fiom the- I98S 
resuh of £188.j]^bn rqjion- 
ed yestetday. 

.The most obvious Kne of 
attadc fcr any ejqdoratioa 
rompany needing to trim 

4>eiMlnig to niflteh ’ rtimin- 

ished cash flows is lo.cut the 
ex|rioratioa bnc^d. B ri t o il 
intends to reduce its budget 
by 40 per cent, or £100 
minion. Ofi&etting to 
some extent, the spending on 
the V gas fidds w^ mean that 
iS$ deraOiNnent q)endjngwil| 

- Cutting overheads is also- 
1^ on Briton's list of priori* 
ties.-' -Initial' plans -to- cut 
staERng.]evds by 10 per cent 
in Gla^ow and Aberdeen 
^ not:inake any (fiffere^ 
to costs until .1987 .because: 
any savings in 1986 wffl ,be 
eaten vp by severance 

Perhaps optimistically, 
firitoil .- hopes to rely on 
natural 'wastage to adiieve 
much of its taM of 250 to 
300 iewer st^ While staff 
turnover.has been 10 po'ceut 
^ more in past years, h has 
been mudh less than this 

This is no doubt because 
die indus^IxdUems triiidi 
cause pain to BritoD will- 
result in the extinction of 
some of its less robust teeth*', 
ren.- Job OH Xwt an ities for , 
dK>se who would otherwise ' 
leave are tfaeretre reduced. 
Indeed, there could be a glut ' 
9f .e3y)OTenced oil persoim^ ■. 
a'grim contrast to the last 15 

.A- rigorous cost cutting- 
programme wifi, be needed 


a^ some .tough 
will bave'fb be rrade-^Ooe bf ' 
these decirions will be about 
next l{e^s dividend. 

. Keeinng to its mtention 
made at the time it was sold; 
Britoil is recommending a 9p 
final, aying a total ^vsdend 
for 1985 of 13& On ibrecast 
net income of under £100 
million or 20p per shar^ the 
cover is 1.S times. 

The current yield of 10 per 
.-cent is not under immednte 
threat, but it renuins 'vnlner- 

- aUe to further mdieavals in 
the oil marirP l 

Tanner & Newall ' 

Inm^bly^ h U the £-13 
. million turnaround 'in asbes* 
tos claims rather than Turner 
A Newall's trading perfbr- 
inance whkb grabs the fa^* 
lines — 8U^ more than 
explaiiis the jump in pretax 
profits frmn £27.5 ntimon to 
£39.6.million. . 

^ The £8 millioa exceptional 
insurance recov^. received 
last year, tMetto with £3 

- million saved tteov^ 

pan in the Weiliiigton jmnt 
clmm^handfing fooli^, has 
me^ the dividend payout 
can' double and siiO m cov— 

■ ered mpie than five times. 

Neveithek^ with the nn^ \ 
deriying cost asbestos^ 
daimsstiQab6ve£7itt^(Mia ' 
year, profits progress in 1986 ' 

-* aqeiimitig qo inorc CXCefh 

tional p^ots — will dqiend 
on tfwding matring up the 

Last year operatim profits 
actually fell fnm £50 million 
to £48.6 million but this was 
afier a £4 millfon adverse 
swing fiom.Afiican currency 
movements. There were also 
trading proteems in India 
'and North. America vfeich^. 
have, now been iferted. out, 
-and £500.000 in losses 

neiriy acquired B^ 

■ which diould be elitwtnar^ 

In 1986. 

16p t6'203p, the shares' 
are now adting. at 7 ^ times 
historic earnings and offer a 
yield of 3.5 per cent As a 

Wrtti effM fi^ the Close of 
business on 21st March, 1986, .Hilt 
Samuel's Base Rate, for lending will 
be decreased from ‘ 

12.5% to 11.5% per annum. 

Depositors not liable to deduction 
for basic rate tax 
7.69% per annum gross. 
Depositors liable to deduction 
for basic rate tax 
5.75% per annum net 
8.21% per annum gross equivalent 
interest to be paid quarterfy and 
rates are subject to variation. 

Hill Samud &GxLiiiiited 

100 Wcxxi street London EC2P 2 AJ, 
Tfelephone: 01-628 8011. 


MENT: The directors say 
baVe considerable oonfidaicc in 
the fiiture, and have raised the 
interim dividend'ta Q.75p (OJ). 
jTjSims ia £000 for half year 
ended' December 31. Pretax pft 
3J10 (U12). Eandngs per 

share S.86p (Z44). 

OiOLDINGS)! Resuhs fbr sn 
months to December 27. In- 
terim ^vidend 3p (2.SI Fkines 1-. V. . v- nw-d 111 

(1,945). Board says the second 
h^ has started wdl and 
substantial orders have been 
taken in all export markets. All 
drvisU»s axe-traAng profitably 
and board expects the ’ final 
oatoomefortbe finandal ywid 
be ahead oflaM year. 

1.5SP, making Z44 d (2.125) for 
l98S.'Figiues in £000. Group 
profit before tax 26.041 
(24.751). Eanungi per share 
7.89p (7J A Board views future 
with confidence and expects 
bette r profit g rowth this year. 

Company is oonceotiating on 
consolidating the letuhs of work 
earned out and has made fiiU 
provision in the 1985 accounts 
ibr the "10*60081 costs of 
restroctufing manufacturing in 
Britain. Resmicmiing continues 
od schedule. 

puy has mer^ its amodate 
company, 'Inteipid ^ with 
Peiromaik Resooioes; an ' oil 
and gas corporation based in' 
Oaklahoma; * • 

dend 2.7p (1.751 makuig 3.8Sp 


52 weeks to 1st March 1986 

Turnover (esidufii^ VAT) 

Tradiog Profit 
Net Interest Received 
Net Profit before tax 
Taxation ■ . 

Net Profit after tree 
Riral Dividends 
Eanrinss pe* Share 

Fully Tax^ Earnh^ per Share 


(52 wnti iff I 
. 102 
j 3.845 














# TttrtKwertatOBased bg 27.25% 

• TndltMprofittocreasedby25:63% 

(taMottiw •djMWd for* 52 tNck period) 

# PEopooecifiitelAvldeiidof3.OpOntieriin2.Op) 

.Totalforyear5.0p(1985^-4.2p) ... 

• Own label prodaets 30% of turnover 

# 43 new brandies opened inclmfing 3 in Scodand 

• 2S4 stores now tsadliQ 

A most excldng and rewaidins year. to 
|w «ft*ah iiHy Mui fainreoPPOrtwiMes. Our new 200,000 
«j. ft Northern R^towd Dtetrfbotlon m 

time, and began serviefaig 50 stores In the North of the 
counby in September. The development cost at^ of 
£7m and will service eventually 350 ftpics. «I^.Ottr 

Croydon depot can wBivhre 230 . Deepite t^ 

start up d the adfflttoiial 

less achieved e tiadins proH* increase of 25.63%. pife 
was naty made possible by h farther fl^te^ ofi^ 

eyarnme, and by Ihe'euperb efioits pot fa by aB eurstaK. 

STfa^tlons me now law for us to Inerease^ 
mmansfan pTOgramine ifght across the mtiy..wttii a 

»4ewtDdodbltegoursl*ewltointi»«neict4/5ytarB. . 



of harder times, £64 
' ii^oii of Brhirii tax losses 
remains 1o boost the im- 
mved UK results expected 
for this.year. The riiares look 
well supported 

Legal & General 

Legal & Genera] surprised the 
market with dis^rpointiiDg 
1985 .results. The shares lofl 
' 27p to 757p but recovered to 
close unchang^ at 78^ 

Pretax pixmts fell 34J per 
oen.t to £31.5 miUiott, al>' 
.thoi^ the effect oo' the 
bottom.lihe was r^u^ to a 
1 5.7 per cent fell after tax and 
.erdiacMxlinary cit^ts worth 
£d2 mnUon. . 

. The damage was caused by 
a severe worseniqg of general 
insurance. The three main 
fastens were bad weather 
losses in Britain, uliich con- 
tributed to an underwriting 
loss of £26 n^on compared 
vrilb £18 fflillion; tos^ of 
£18 minion fiom the reinsuF- 
ance subsidary Victory, 
..which necesatated boosting 
its capital by £ 10 millioii; and 
finally a nccd to strepgtoen 
reserves in the United States 
by Si 0 million (£7.5 milMon). 

The life and pensions busi- 
ness, by-contrast, was'enoour- 
sging with iinderiying growth 
in ntt profits of 15 per cent 
In the US Banner saw 
100 -per 'cent ods^ in new 
business, Profits in sterlihg 
terms were, however. 32 per 
cent down bereuse of a £2.5 
million currency loss and the 
initial cost of the new 

This year should show 
strong recoveiy. The insur* 
ahee industry is turning the 
corner, aftho^ Legal s eems 
to be taking longer fean some 
to show tbe benefits. 

On the loQg-tenn side, the 
abolition in the Bn^iet tbe 
lifetime chaige on Dfts is not 
helpfiiL L^al is & market 
Inder in sdieines to ffSL 
round such fiums of capital 
transferiax. . 

Whfie the recovery in pro- 
fits is fiin awaited a yidd of 
4.4 ptf cent, a 25 per cent 
premium to the maiket, 
should underpm the shares. 

rise 17% 

By Richard Tbomstm 

J Henry Schroder Wa^ the 
mendiant bank, yttieraay le- 
veaJed an increase in after tax 
profits of 1 7.6 per coal for Iasi 
year. Tbe ^up's coiporate 
finance and investnreni man- 
agement activities produced 
record results. 

I^lc^ operating profits 
after tax and loan interest 
amounted lo £13 million last 
year, compared wife £11.1 
million ia 1^4. However, the 
overall result was boosted by 
extraordinary items of nearly 
£13 mfflion, taking total dis- 
closed profits to £29.2 miilipn, 
compued with £15.1 million 
fee year before. 

Mr George Maninckrodl, 
the executive chairman, said it 
had been an outsiaodiog year 
for fee bank's coiporate fi- 
nance and investment man- 
agement divisions worldwide. 



The Prufential Oirpora- 
tion, Britain's largest life com- 
pany, has bought Pearsons, 
the Hampshire residential and 
comnier^ estate agent, for 
an nndisdosad sum. 

It is the PrudentiaTs second 
acquisition of a residential 
estate agency. The insurance 
company bought Eons, Dflley 
fe Handley last year. 

The Pniden^ aims to 
achieve riational rovera^ in 
its resittentiai estate agency 
operations and is liitety to 
oiake a large purchase, proba- 
bly in tbe order of £100 
milHon, in tbe next few weeks. 

Tbe acquisitions are b^g 
made under fee banner of 
Prudential Property Services. 
A novel feature of fee 
Prudentiri's service is that it 
teeaks fee notorious "diaia'’ 
involved in home buying and 
selling by purchasing a house 
so the seller is fine to buy. 


Budget euphoria sends 
equities to new peaks 

Tbe stock market surged 
again yesterday as investors 
continued to recognize the 
profit potential for companies 
after the Budget lower interest 
rates and the bright outlook 
for inflation. After pausing for 
breath mid-sessioiu share 
prices soared to close at a 
record 1415.1, up 25.6, on the 
FT 30-sbare ind^ The FT-SE 
gained 30.3 at I690l1. 

Some dealers were forecast- 
ing another cut in hare raies 
before Easter as sterling held 
firm against other leading 
currencies. Government secu- 
rities dimbed another two 
points in early trading before 
trimming the gains by around 
half a point during the 

AO equity sectors shared in 
the buoyancy but banks, 
stores, leisure and buildings 
were well to the fore. Compa- 
ny trading statements brought 
additiooal cheer and the omy 
gloomy faces were those of 
stock jobbers who are being 
yiueezed as stock becomes 
increasD^ short in stqq>ly. 

fat the high street GUS 
c&mbtt! 40p to 959p, BnrtOD 
Groap 12p to 3S0p and Marks 
and Spencer 6p to 2 1 6 pl Only 
Laura Ashley lesistra tbe 
trend down 5p to 224p over- 
shadow^ 1^ fee new Ameri- 
can Depositaty Receipt tax. 
Recent newcomer Welkome 
was another 8p lower at 210p 
fora similarreasoQ. 

Buildings scored many dou- 
ble figure gains with Tarmac 
another 12p firmer at 486p. 
Bazratt Developments, which 
disappointed dealers with 
profits well below expecta- 
tions hdd steady at lS2p. 
Good profits and increased 
advertiring revenue boosted 
televisioo shares where Cen- 
advanced 32p to 260p. 
Pteasurama continued to ben- 
efit from the absence of tax 

penalties on gambling, up 24p 
to 390p. 

Breweries advanced behind 
the lead of Bass at 800p up 
I7p while good results sup- 
poned Boddfagtons 5p better 
at 1 14p. Electricals shook off 
Wednesday’s doldrums with 
STC up 12p to 130p on 
recovery and bid hopes. Car- 
pet shares made iunher 
progress with Tomkiiismis 25p 
higher at 175p. 

Bnricers* recommendations 
for banks were numerous. 
Midiaiid dunbed 30p to S34p 
and National Westminster 
48p to 93Sp. Life insurances 
were dull at first still upset by 
the threat of competition fiom 
the Government’s Personal 
Equity Plan. L^al & General 
dropped lo 767p after a 35 per 
cent decline in profits but later 
rallied to 779p down Sp as 
buyers returned during the 

Prudential, ndiidi has ex- 
panded into estate agents wife 
the purchase of Pearson of 
Windsor, reversed an initial 
ISp fall at 894p. Buoyant 
discount houses featured 
Union Disconnt at 733p up 

4()p on the dieaper money 
trend and encouraging AGM 
siaiemeni on Wednesday. 

Oils were nervous awaiting 
production cut news from the 
Opec meeting in Geneva, but 
dosed wife a majority of 
gains. BP added 9p to 580p 
but disappointing profits 
clipped 4p fiom Britoil at 
186p and Uhramar lost 8p to 
f73p on fading bid hopes. 

Of tbe many companies 
reporting. Turner & Newall 
jumped 23p to 2l0p on fee 
absence of tbe much-feared 
rights issue and a bener-than- 
expected 44 per cent profits 
increase. Octopus was hoisted 
30p to 665p after eamins op 
by SO per cent while Reed 
Zncernatioual improved Up to 
854p on the sale of Hamlyn to 

In foods. Cadbury 
Scbwepptt rose 4p to 18Sp in 
anticipation of e^y news of 
fee sale of fee Typhoo subsid- 
iary. Dee Corporation eased 
5p to 283p on news of a 
substantial acquisition in 
America. Tate & Lyie was 
marked up 12pto61Sp follow- 



Abbott M V (180p) 228 up 3 
Ashley (L) (IKp) 224 dn 5 
BPP (160p) 133 up 3 

Brookmoimt (160p) 180 

Chart PL (88p) S3 up 1 
Chancery Se^ (63p) 80 up 1 
Conv 9% A 2000 i2&h up 1 
Cranswick M (95p) i07 

Dialene (12^) 200 

Ferguson (J) (lOp) 30 up 1 
(aianyte Surface (56p) 88 

Inoco (55p) 47 

JS Pathology (IBOp) 288 up 7 
Jarvis Porter (I05p) 140 

Klearfold (1l8p) 120 dn 3 

Lexicon (lISp) 

Macro 4 (10^1 139 

Merivale M (1l5p) 144 

Norank Sys (90p) 116 dn 3 

Really Useful (Sop) 353 

SAC mu (loop) 136 

SPP (125p) 160 dni 

Templeton (21 Sp) 235 up 2 
Sigmex (lOip) 88 

Snowdon & B (97p) 113 up 1 
Spice (80p) 95 dn 1 

Tech Comp (130p) 211 

Underwoods (iNp) 185 
Wellcome (120jp>) 210 dn 8 

W York Hosp (90p) 78 dn 2 
Wickes (140p) 159 up 1 


Cullens N/P 7S 

Hartwells N/P \ 

N MW Comp 110 up 10 

Porter chad F/P 104 

Safeway UK £48*; up 2 

Wales F/P 149 

Westland F/P 88 

(Issue price in brackets). 

ing confirmation that it had 
acquired over 6 per cent of 
StftW BerisfonL Beecham 
added 13p to 378p on ftiriher 
reaction to the reorganization 

Among other leaders, Brit- 
ish Telecm rallied 7p to 226p 
while Gnest Keen & 
Nettlefolds at 364p, Hawker 
Siddeiey at 613p and Vidters 
at 468p were engineers to 

P&O with resuhs next Tues- 
day gained 28p to S56p. 
British Aerospace, r^xi^ng 
on fee same day, was lifted. 
ISp to S86p. Good results on 
Wednesday boosted DRG an- 
other I3p to 300p. Tobacm 
oontined to ignore the revenue 
increases wife Impeifal Gro^ 
up 6p to 341p awaiting bid 

Smith & Nephew was 13p 
dearer at 256p following a 27 
per cent profit increase. Insur- 
ance brokers were overshad- 
owed by the strength of 
steriing against the dollar. - 
Willis Faber lost 2()p to 424p 
on further consideration of* 
Wednesday's figures. 

In merchant banks, 
Sefaroders jumped 90p 10 1578 
pence on the results and scrip 
proposal. Disappointing prof- 
its knocked lip from Bhm- 
chards at I20p and 4p from 
CCFai ll4p. 

PPL Holdings was wanted 
at 1 73p up r Sp. A small profits 
setback due io currency con- 
siderations left Chordi & Co 
down 1 Sp to 320p but higher 
profits strengthened Banro at 
ISOp up I2p and Renisbaw 

In mines consortium bid 
hopes continued to excite Rio 
Tinto-Zinc at 7l9p up 37p. 
Charter Consolidated, over- 
looked recently, shared a sym- 
pafeetic increase at 273p up 


Abrighter outlook after 


The past year has presented insurance 
companies with their ftiir share of 
problems, and we are no exception. 

But our confidence in the under- 
lying financial .strength and qualin' of 
ourbusineas isy>'ellreneaed in this 
year's final dividend and bonus share 
is.sue, though we do have to report a 
J 'jdisappointing levelof shardiolders’ 

of our US life operations have been 
reflected in excellent nev^' haziness 
figures. How'evei; tliere have been heavy 
reiasurance lowes and the sirengiliening 
of Sterling has had an adverse effea 
on the life results. Ji 

While the volume of new business 
growth in life insurance did not 
compare with the outstandingly 
successful years of ’83 and *84, we have 
maintained our existing siiare in die 
conventional hoase purchase market 
Insured group peasioas achieved very 
. sau.s&aorylevelsofnewbu.sinessgrowih. 

Thegeneral insurance under- 
writing results, howeyer, weie.pooj: But 
preiiiium incorriedewloj^ well ahead 
- Ofour/precasts arid at potentially 

prpfit^le levels.. 

All our international operating 
companies .showed very good new 
business growth. In particular, our 
strenuous efforts to increase the .scale 

the a)tal amount offtinds 
under vuir management lias 
continued u> grow', and nuw' .•^ds ;u 
Jt ll billion. Theexpansion 
(Tfour unit trust activities 
last September signalled 
introduction of a number of new' invxfst- 
meni paxlucts, and diis confirms our n >le 
as a maior fund manager 
as well as a a invenuonai 

. Having weathered a difficuli^^ 
vear,U;j 5 U& General Ls firmly posiiii»ned 
to consolidate its place in ilie insurance 
and investment m;trkefs. 

To find out mt)re, reserve >our own 
copv’ofourfortlicoming annual repon 
eitiier bv' sending us the coupvin bek iw or 
ringing Teledaia on 01-2000200 right now. 

'tbu’ll find our long-term outlook 



Life& pen.sicwisprofiLs(excLUSA) 


USA life profits 



Fund management profits 



Genera] insurance and reiasurance 



Other profits * 


Total pre-tax profits 


Ji*48. 1 m 


Employee profit share 





Group profit for shareholders 

Earnings per .share 


Dividend per share 



0>pieKofJte?Rvp*’J7JsAcc<iom*forIPSSiriJJhe.‘*'iw IIIj.Ajvm 

Crtiwrjl .vitrcunp on Uih Mjv ivsb. .-V firw) dMdcnd f» T lyss t if 1 cip siufL- pn tsc-d. 

Pleasesend rneaciSpv ofthelnrtiicoming 1985 Legal & General Annual Report. 

Send to: Group Secretarv'.Legal ft-Ceneral-Group Plc.TempleCoun, 

• 11 Queen Meunia Street. London EC4N4TP •• Ti 





•* . « * w ^ « -MilvC A iCAJTfk;:** « 

THF time; FRIDAY MARCH 21 1986 



Banking on snpport for LGS 



By Derek Hairis 

A full commiiment by the high street 
banks to the Government's loan gua^- 
tee scheme (LGS) has from time to time 
been called into question. However, in 
the wake of the Bu^et it looks likely that 
the banks will thr^ their fUl weight 
behind the relaunched scheme an- 
nounced by the Chancellor. 

They at any rate are pleased the 
Government is now committed for three 
years to the scheme. At National 
Westminster, Andrew Uoyd. the small 
business section manner, said: 'This is 
a major step forward as far as maiteting 
by the t^ks is concenied. We have 
always been a strong $ui:^)orter of the 
scheme but the cost lati^y, has been 
against it It will now be more attractive. 

“We shall, I am sure, be encouragit^ 
our branch managers to increase their 
awareness of the scheme,” he said. 

At Barclays Bank, which atsQ elainut to 
be a long-time supporter of the scheme, 
Peter Oark, manager of the gnian 
business unit believes there will now be 
a gradual build-up in usage of the 

The feilure rale of businesses using the 
scheme; at one time one in three or 
worse, is no longer a bugbear at any rate 
for Belays. Recently the bank has 
experienced a failure rale in the region of 
only S per cenL 

One problem Barclays is still trying to 
iron out with the Government is 
bringmg the scheme's documentation 
into line with the Consumer Credit Act 
Until this is cleared up, loans of less than 
£1S.0()0 are unavailable at Barclays 
under the scheme. 

Not all banks take the same view. 
Average loans under the scheme are 
about £30,000 anyway, which is why 
some in banking believe the £75,000 
loans ceiling kept for the new scheme still 
gives sufGaeot headroom. 

Interest premiums paid over and 
above the going rate for bank loans will 
now be halved compared with the past 
20 months. The premium is Z5 per cent 


on 70 per cent of a loan which is 
^larante^ Another way to do the sum 
is to take the total loan and allow for a 
premium of 1.75 per cent This is a lesser 
premium than wnen the scheme was first 
launched in the middle of 1981. At that 
time there was a 3 per cent premium on 
80 per cent of loans. 

Smce the scheme was tightened up, in 
mid 1984 the rate of uptake of loans 
plunged. At one time guarantees were 
running at 330a month or more but have 
to an averse of (ess than 50 a 

# The mental block which so many small 
businesses have had over securing funds 
by releasing an equity steke in wlrat they 
ly gat rf very, much as their own creation 

seems to be easing, accoiding to the Peat 

Marwick report on the Business Expan- 
sion Sc^me. 

The report came out on Budget day as 
the Chancellor conferred an unlimited 
life on the scheme, tightening it up for as- 
set-badmd ventures while also extendi^ 
iL Bringing some ship charter^ within 
its scope is aimed at small 

businesses because it is ^rpically the 
owner sldiver which is mvolved in 
cmstal chanering. 

The BES has made companies more 
aware of equity finmdng and hdped 
make the entrepreneur more willing m 
release a stake of equity in a busings. 
Peat Marwick, one of Briiam's 
biggest accountants cmsuhants. 
Investors are also mqre.istereM in 
unqubted' companies. 

But it found there had been a trend 
towards larger and so possibly less risky 
investments. It also confirmed that BES 
funds typically do not invest bdow 
£]SO,0()0. The report said: *There may 
still be gap * in the equity markeL Cto 
study ttha t it is mfBcoh to raise 

BES finance over £5a000 directly.” It 
had in mtnA financing by a collectum of 
individuals rather than a fiind.^ 

One develop m ent which mfebt hdp 
narrow the equity gap below £1^000 
has been community based initiatives to 
introduce indi^u^ investors to local 
small businesses. Fem Marwidr foresees 
a sniaU but neverihel^ important role 
for these initiatives. 

In a sample of 120 companies some 17 
per cent had ceased trading after about 
18 months. Many of the companim 
interviewed were miancially unsophisti- 
cated, aorording to the rqiorL Patently, 
more small businesses should se» 
advice on how better to run their 
business. There are plenty of places to go 
for that from the local enterprise agency 
to the Government's small firms service 
and its corps of counsellors. 




This poweffri skill is part of oor new tiriring 
programs Professional Selling Sidls System BL 


Rino us today on 01-994-8592 fe find out bow 
PSS in can help you people dose 
successfully 3 times out d 4! 


We need for our bnriness clients large d^nt 
houses in Oee trti London suitable for DiuBeis 
or Reoeptiom. 

PiM ptri** Wheder Busiiiess Events. 

01 788 5353 


tWllM tadi aMMi n MnU oornRHcW onpatio; botol^ fM 
tona. tfvpi. tacMn. Ums M iSfas eiB. SBCo nd diy » Mi 
moingmB lor emnsBiL Mriing apsn Me. aba raavitL 
Ikm tan iik jRunaee and pmMi& For smn pbtM 

eaniK t -aec iB ciiT>caiia»ai.(Ui»nffi B i t n M i.f W— w 

^ w$a sw. itab ei 4C7 ease 

■ Few managers in small businesses do anything about 
company training even thoi^ they realise it is essential in 
maximismg productivity andprofits, according to a surv^, 
out today, carried out for the Manpower Services Commission. 
Businesses with fewer than 25 workers were surveyed and 
less than 40 per cent had carried out any training in the previous 
12 monttis. Four out of five employees had received no 

The upshot announced yesterday by Bryan Nicholson, tee 
MSC chairman, is a six-monte campaign by tee MSC to 
demonstrate to smaii firms how training pays off. Locaity 
practical advice will be given on how to secure effective training. 
There are grants available. Contact M Feam. Room W82S, 
Manpower Services Commission, Moorfbot Sheffield SI 4PO. 
Smdt firms survey is free. 

■ Another attempt to tackle the perennial problem of the 
small business principal who ideally needs every management 
skill is TIw Business Anala^. A sm-assessment approach 

to business planning is incorpor a ted. There is an audit sheet 
for 41 different topics in the areas of manamment, marketing 
and finance. At £45 it comes in a looseleaf Binder from 
McGraw HIO. Shoppenhangers Road, M^denhead, Berks SL6 
2QL (tet: Maidenh^ 234^ 

■ A £1 0,000 award scheme to benefit smaS businesses has 
been launched by Gallaher, Britain’s second largest tobacco 
manufacturer. It is aimed at businesses with 50 employees or 
less in Northern Ir^nd, one of GaHaher's manufachini^ bases, 
and will single out outstanding examptes of business 
developmenL The virinner wiii be esmected-te invest the pr txs 
money in the business. A company's strong commitment to a - 
local community wlU be one factor taken info account Contact 
Gallaher Business Challenge, F^ Box 9, NewtownaUbey, 

■ Five sbjdents at Imperiat College of Science and 
Technology have been studying the problems of setting up a 
business in high techndogy areas arkl have charted various 
market openings. SiSsrttM up ^ar^fort on smaOhitadi business 
costs £15. It is available from Group Sevan Enterprises, 

Room 303, S(]erfield Building, Imperiaf College of Science and 
Technology. LorKfon SW7 2A^ 

visioa aooo cex eiwter. 
nsaroproccaor coniiaiM. 
S iiicointiw UM* te 
ia> 11 extentaiwMV. lo 
32). Approved Brtitab 
made. Cost SMOO*. 
Nean y new £1.7 SCl Td: 
0924) 470757. 




costs £15. It is available 

anr maum jurmiess. 



owStc CTowStingwicg PM msorr earvaun. 
nraie <40 raiMONTM. 

For further deuus. 


Let us help you raise venture capoltal. For fUn de- 
tails of our services indudlng professional 
preparation of business plans and prelect appraisal 
please contact us for our booklet “Etafsing Venture 
Capital”. Mcliwee Brookes. Venture Capita! Consul- 
tants. 1 Cheyne CourL High SL RulsUp. Middx. HA4 

Td. Riiislip (71-LeiidoR) 36638. 

Tek 01-679 4562. 

from £99.50 inciiBive 

Oamf.Day Compwiy S erv l w a LM 
Bridge Si. ISI Qumd Vldorta SL London. EC4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Abo Company Soa rd m 


Burlington phone, tel- 
ex and forwarding 
services. Call 01 434 



and counter surveillance 
eQdpment for both ihe 
amateur it pronsslonal. 
Ring or wrtle for Mice UsL 

716 Laa BrMte Rd 
London €10 6AW 
01 5S8 4226 


No premium. 24 hr. ac- 
cess. Presage fUnuture 
carpeted ofnecs wtth tele- 
phone and Ilex. Prom £70 
p wk all inclieK'e. Sh^- 
long term. P a king 


I j ' 3 v-i I 

setidng commissions. 
Qccellent negotiator at 
au levels. No too 
small. TO. 0273 


Wc eie aeovng esher ouingm oufcMse of. or a controlling lnteiesl 
m. eaia&bshed i c e eamuig connMiiiea. praferaDiy invoNed m 
hnanoei services MsMgemeiuvnHbergauiredioeeiibniieloran 

K dpenod inihehrsiinsiaiiea.oieasecaiitaaHrTWCalkns. 
ging Diieclor, al the aodieas ueion (CWf5g53i 



WSellevwo Read. SoumamnlMi. SOI 2M(. Tefepnone 070 226621. 
TeMramoa 1^0703222260 



No Premium 

Preiilge mm. c ar peted 
sMwFooni offices all Inclu- 
sive with ^lone + T/X. 
Imnied avaS. Short/long 
term. Parklag fhcllKies. 
new £75 pw 

AlfsnUUA thirtnew and Land 
Agem oflos awvKe w negeuate 
Co m mercial eropenv- Land in- 
tniraenL Imnnrta. bporta 
Shins, ueenoe in manufactwe 
med u ctSi patMMs, Mlnine. mei- 
aJ. Lynl Tnoiaomn Real e s t ate. 
IT. OKcme GTs> Ceffs Har- 
bour. NSW aaso Aibtraiia. 
Phone toeoi 83 1944 All hom. 

CV-S pwftMliiiuiiy wTinen 
CnoiM «r style visa. Access. 
Tsi PMS on 00006 3367. 


ConAmncp a E j JiUWMn /ceih 
tr». North VMishire For 
further Infomiation on time 
ftaie laaiiUss M oaaS 6S0BI. 


etUWL AVAIUHA. Mhreml 
London bend. Minlmiun order 
SXXX) om. Onenait. Reply to 
BOX 036 . 


2B; The Sqaara, SenEi Motaon, Oeven. (07SS9 226X 

NORTH DEVON • 150 to 276 ACRES 

Supeddir hhbpbI te s taai tw i md anoncel 
sttKfc and BdSe tam. 

Oonnng pared mdem. suoar holed pad. 
sanndey leuse, in sefl os a lng L 
Omt 17S4IOO HI it cd tfuatta uonsRii nedni trifings 

AUCTION ( M id saa seW) 26 ApiE 19N as smMp or bi Lota. 
fhOly: 29. He SquR. SUM Uon. Dswon. TH«I76S9 2263. RH: C304 


Detached fully eqoipped buildii^ with ample cv 

Offices. 7.750 sq ft 

Wofhshop/Sioi^ 2,500 sq ft 

Total 10,250 sq ft. 

IdeaUy for central adxnimstraiive offices or base 
for s^ persoond or similar. 


76. SL SHm SWesL 
Wirthinglia MW US 

(0604) 24631 


4.500 sq ft plus gallery, vaults and grotto 
%vith spa. rame position on sea ftont Needs 
restoration. 50% grant offered. Planning 
Permlssfon for museum. £90.000 negotia- 
ble. 01-734 6876 





.Tj V;' i ty >,^l n 












An establitiied and liig!lilTngu^. InsMSS b 
the heavy constaEtwa and WHiag bMp 

tunom oS ^SiQ. 



A. Wien* itaeii Camg aim 
PMMIHW Ow fannaunadf 
am Le H dBa.iteafc»tf 

ftimm dMMWBiH* i>w bam 

For /urt&er (fe&nl^ contact: 

Sussex BN31U 



£2XifiOQ into an Estate Agency ^Bttsan 
Succesriiti finn of Polish AoxRBKBats '‘Josegfa?* 
. from Ealii^ Conuam are ex^iafi ng. 
Wsb to mea a smntete jiehoD.'' . 

01 083 1283 


Resptmses are Jnvsed finsn food manufisc- 
tuTtts - and -J opg m q n ie s ^^t a wat ea^ .tn 
producing q itew fast foodpradnrt 
dU^ potieiafeit OT mitiriiteiAeOifHtatiif^teirp ~ 
basis. Reply to BOX £12 . 


A pcuiBwiwi itaisit umiir moher riang iiit hiitd la Bw 
$£. wKb a ciwmptaB taaaraanoBnt dtfwr tame w ber. 
ooe car Is BOW ante IP offB- 10 cempaWei or mdlyidanlitaw 
dppwt ii iiliy gf pan/fBB woow nh lp tat itat met ufArhi a 
rtcetitnt PR and enaettmalag ftcuncs wMb eompMle tat 
mcMS laerMtia a and pfo m ouocai ewvlcafc. T Mip taDa i 
0293 649260;. 

wanted.. . . £45^000. 
Esc. tn^iV . re- 
sultB. Pdtffittial 
jMi-4'- Reply 
.to BOKR33. : 


fixduKve hncitaaett 

adnevad I61ft -1585; 
Details 01 9308732^ 

For aayoM to Art tn 
. Malfwaf vdOiout 

SAetyOR Marketing. 
206. ABanaCocotfex. 
BourhinBd. Sheffield 

Hour m START 

aMoperairtmroHn praftt- 
■nghuenaHettionw Jon 
tie iheii>Mi:g( guoensiui 
begirwwrg M pnnper- 
eig tii'tMr own pretaitaie 
ftaM imawSoe Sdik 
we; Oepi TTda Knnhte 
Ciwnbors EtXwntM Oman 
LoniXm.M OTP 

Advertiser is looking for an iwtardnii toeiUiy 
£300.000 secured on pitiiierly~vaiiiad. at 
£750000 and with present T/O of milBon. • 
Have been with present BaiBBers for nrare than 
27 years.. Overall equity £6,000000 ; 

to BOix EXM. 


fdr .lbe acquisition of prtvate companies. 
cooiBder )obit ventures with esiteillstied co mpa - 
nles CDReoiiy under arumrmit Be dreua te ssSes 
and management buy-outs fSpcctaPy welcoined. 
mvntf ihaiT ptirhinm Tirnmgnl Trtmtwmo Ol - 
935 6796 or 486 6139. 





•Plus options 

• Alwa^ in stock 
from ^880 ' 


(0753) 683994 



Compr^ienslve upto date listing of UK nvui- 
chlses. Telephone 0494 771 143 br write to 
Franchise Opportunities.. 26A High Street 
Chesham Buck HP13 lEP. 




Oadwa • Tag amdtty cnamal. baud and machina m i h i M l tlmd . 
Ouh and Company ucs. Mmidic aliMMs. ear hadgea ate. Fpr 
colour mdiura writ* to or piiane. 



Over 1-4 ndllitm of the 
nnst aflloent people in the 
cenntiy rend ^ 
colBntnsrfThe limes. Hie 
fddlowfaig categories ^^ear 
regnlariy every week, mid 
are gen^Hy acconqiaiiied 
by idevant eiBtaial artides. 
Use die coapon (right), 
and find eat how eagy, fest 
and economical fife to adv^ 
rise in The Times Classified. 

«974 IQiOUa 

The coupou due im Apm tWS 
may be p r ou Ha a fa* paywem at 
BANCO ecTEfttoti Julitr ao 
LMdM wao. IgaddH. XCSPaW 
iNtwean me hom gf 1 o aA. and 

L«ndMi._Bl«tMar0t 19B6. 

meWglCTITM I TIW W li'i 'iif 

■ I I 1 1 ■ ^ 

1 ^ ^ 





Hie marriage of lmi)erial 
and IMted Biscuits. 

(And how to be an heir to the fortune) 

' V 


(United Imperial) 













Imperial and United Biscuits are 
made for each other 

A mar riage would mean a totally 
logical pooling of resources, provid- 
ing them with the immediate ability 
to OHnpete in international markets. 
Successtolly and profitably 

Hanson Thist, on the other hand, 
would never prove a suitable partnei; 
despite its aggressive courtsMp. 

Hans on’s attitude to business is 
completdy different 

Its way is to bity profit, throu^ 

The Imperial and United Biscuits 
way is to earn it in the market place, 
wi& famous brands doing famously, 
and looking forward to sustained 
profit growffL 

Hanson has been married many 

times before. And some of its p^- 

Which isn’t surprising when you 
consider Ikinsonb miserly record for 
capital investment 

In 1985, Hanson invested just £59 
millionmits companies-amere2’4% 
of sales turnover By contrast,Impe^ 
plou^ed bade £193 milli on in capital 
investment a sum that represents 
twice Hansonh rate of investment 

Support the Imperial and United 
Biscuits marriage: 

And you too can look forward to 
a happy and prosperous future. 

fhr Ae mfiMTiBlkwi cpntaiiwd in tKs adveitiseoient are set out or referred to in the letter Aom tlie Chairman, Imperial Group pic to shareholders dated 13th February 1986. The directors of Inqxsid Group pic fincluding those who have ddesaied 
I ne SOURS ror uw um# suporiskm of thm adv^semenO have taken all reasonable care to ensure that die facts stated and opinions expressed herein are fair and accurate Thedirectors accept responsibility accordinedy 

la i 
is B 





















1 ; 


1 P 















































^ Jf 

:i&. .'Afc*** 




IPE seeks new 
Brent blend 

futures contract 

By Mkbael Prest, Fmandal Conespoadoit 


Central Independent Television pic 


Another year 
of progress 


reports David Justham, Chairman 

Unaudited Results 

YearendedSI December 








Group profit before taxation 






Prof it after taxation 



Dividends paid and proposed 



Retained prof it for year 



Earnings pershare 



The figures lot ihe veer ended 3i December 198S nave been extracted from me lull 
accounts which have not yet been reoorted on by the company's auditors and nave not 
been hied wiin the Registrar of Companies. 

The International Petro- 
leum Exchan^ is discussing 
with the oil trade, the tax 
authorities and the Goveni- 
ment the possibility of trading 
a novel Brent blend fimzxes 
contract wUcb would replace 
(he discredited Brent daisy 

A draft contract prepared by 
the IPE suggests a futures 
contract for the physical deliv- 
ery at Suliom Voe is Shetland 
oi cargoes of 600,000 barrels 
of Brent Blend, the most 
widely traded crude in Eu- 
rope, worth SS.7 million (£5.P 
mHli^} at current jffices. 

Priong wuld be in doQais, 
with a "liniwiutn movement 
of one emit. The contract 
could be traded for the current 
month ai^ for six months 
ahead. All contracts would be 
adjusted for margin each day 
and cleai^ through the Inter- 
national Commodities Gear- 
ing House. 

It is stressed that diseos- 
aoos are at an early stage. But 
if it were introduce the new 
contract would run alongside 
the IFC's cash settiemefit 
Brent contract The new con- 
tract faowever, would dwarf 
the 1,000 terrel minimum lot 
of the contract valued at 

a mere S14,500' As sudt 
business vrauld probably be 
confined to the biggest oil 

The IPE, which is based m 
London and trades a success- 
ful gasofl futures contract has 
been disanxiinted bx iis 
of progress with a Brent crude 
oil comract it needs sudt a 
contract to offif tradeis the 
opportunity of hed^ng as 
much of a boirel of oil as 

The daisy chain is a system 
for trading Brent crude by the 
more or less unii^ulated buy- 
ing sdlihg of contram 

entitlement to cargoes. It was 
generally &voured by oil com- 
panies over the !?£*$ cadi 
settlement fotures contract 

But die virtual collapse of 
the daisy chain laA month 
amid a welter of hi^ debu 
and lawsuits. Including anti- 
trust actions against some of 
tbe majors, Sas caused a 
change m attitude. 

mai the oil compaiiies' 
viewpoint the advantages of 
an IPE contract are the clear 
contract n guaiuteed ctear- 
xng, reamnaWe liquidity, and 
the possibility of establis h ing 
ann's length prices for tax 

GEC wins £250m role 
in China power plant 

Turnover increased by 8.4%. 

Profit before taxation increased by 18.0%. 
Earnings pershare increased by 8.2%. 

• A final dividend of 10.0p pershare is proposed in 
addition to the interim of 2.5p already paid, making 
a total of 12.5p compared with 10.5p for 19^, an 
increase of 19%. 


The Annual General Meeting will take place on 22 May 1986, and coouas ol the 
196S Repoiit and Accounts will be avaiiaoie from 30 Aorii 1986 from the Swreiary, 
Ceniial House. 8ioad Street. Birmingham Bi 2JP 

Pekiog (AFP) — GK hss 
signed a letter of inmnt to 
supply conventional equip- 
ment for China's first major 
nuclrar plant, at Daya Bay in 
the souihem province of 
Guangdong, a Bntlsh Embas- 
sy spokesman said here yesier- 
(fay . 

The letter was signed on 
W^nesday ia the ^enzben 
Special Economic Zone, bor- 
dering Hong Kong, by GEC 
and the Chinese partiier, the 
Guangdong Nndear Power 
Joint Venture Company ~ a 
Sino-Hong Kong joint 

Tbe embassy spokesman 
said he did not know the 
financial tenns of tbe letter 
but said it provided for GEC 

to supply turbines for the 
plant, which is to have two 
980-m^watt reactors. The 
deal is generally betieved to be 
worth about £250 million. 

The signing ended seven 
yean of negotiations on the 
project between China. France 
and Britain, and came afi^ 
the signi^ on March 12 of a 
letter of intent by the French 
compames Framaiome aiul 
Electridte de loanee (EDF) to 
supply nuclear leacton and 
engmeering services for the 

A final contract is to be 
signed in September. 

The lengthy negotiations 
were adjourned several times, 
with cost the main stumbling 


Three new 
for Reed 

Reed Inientational: Mr P J 
Davis to become deputy 
chief executive, and ts to join 
tbe board: Mr P H Borns and 
Mr R Segd will also become 

Abb^ Life Assurance: Mr 
Evans has been named 
as an executive director, {uod- 
uct development depanmenL 

European Sin^Servicc As- 
sociation: Mr Blaleolm 
Mac^ersoB has been made 

Tyne Tecs Televiaon: Mrs 
Diana Eocks has joined the 

Mann Egenpp and Compa- 
ny: Mr Rfamni Mardn is ^ 
be chief execative: He wfi 
succeed Mr Tun Campb^ 
who is to retire Ixit will reniam 
as aon-execouve ddirman. 

Inbucon Computer Peison- 
nel Selection and Inbucon 
Contract Services: Mr Ste- 
phen Peerless has become 
managing director. 

Securicor: Mr Derek 
Hardisty is to become mat^ 
ing director of Seenricar 
Robophone. Mr Terry Spear 
cer and Mr Geny Stoiey 
have bm named as .directors 
of Swuficor Grardey. 

Firsi Computer: Mr b^rk 
Scott has been made finanda) 

GM Health Care: Mr W 
Stead to become mawging 





Crude (ril(iiiQUoa barrels) 



Gas (Wnioa cubic feet) 





£ million 




Operating profit 



Net interest (payable )/recelvable 



Prerfh on ordinary activities before taxation 730.9 



Petroleum revenue tax 

— exdndii^ UK safeguard 



— UKsafegoard 



UK corporation tax/overaeas tax 



Profit for the Snanctal period 






Amount set aside to reserves 



Earnings pershare 



Dividend pershare 



Funds generated from operations less 




Additions to fixed assets 




The final dividend of 9.00 pence per share brings to 13.00 
pence the dividend for the >earcornpa^ to 11.50 pence in 
1984. The final dhidend will be p^ on 29 April to shardiotders 
on tbe r^fster at close of business on 3 i^ril 1986. 

1985 HlGHUCaiTS 

* *Ihmoveriiicreasesio£i.799.6minioiL Revemiefiomequity 
production at £1,4678 mzlUoa is up£132.4 tmllikm ( 10%) on 
1984. The icmainder of die increase is due to sales crfpt ir dBsed 
petroleum at £33 1-8 miSioa (£213-2 millkm in 1SI84 ). 

^ Pre-tax profit iiureasesKi £730.9 B3iUioo,iq9 £428 million 

(6%)on 1 984, and sdrer-taxp(oGta>£ 188.1 miUioti,up£18.7 
million ( 1 1%) and faigber thim tbe Offer for Sale forec^ >bar end 
cash and dqiosits stood at £350.3 nnlliotL 

* Oil production (incIudir^lFG and condensate) arerages 
183.600 banelsperd^( 168800 barrels per dayin 1984) 

gas production 236 million afoic feet perdi^’f ISX) miliion cubic 
feeiperdayin 1984). 

* Acquired interests in 23 larKfwaid licences, inchiding 
the HumbI}' Gixrve oil Geld, and 3 UK offihone licences, induefi^ 
the Glenn field, from Hadson PetroJeum International pic. 

* Farmed in with an initial 16.5% interest to Ibxacooperated 
ITK blodc 3>'4a, and the option of a further 55.5% interest in a 

* As operatex: completed the tnstailazionoftheajde jacket 
and tied it into the pipelines for e^qxjrtofoU arid giB to the 
Fulmar platforraPit^ress is on schedule for first di m April 1987. 
Hrst production achioed from the partner-o p e ra ted Scac^ord 'C 
platform. Construction on the North Brae and Sean p r oj e^ also 
pro c eeded on schedule. 

* Britoilmaincained its positioa as (»ie of the leading 
explorers in the UK; invotv^ in a total ctf 40 wells spudded 
o&hore (operator fx 13. iocluding 3 on behalf ofBhcacooa 
block 3/4a) and 1 1 spudd«l ondions. 

* Coital e:qpenditureiocreasedby6%ioJ^58 million, of 
which £388.4 million related to the UK. Within tbe total, 
exploration accounted for£255^ million, the UK portion being 
£183.2 mUliun 

* New overseas UcetKxrsawarcted in Ireland, the Netherlands. 
Norwav'and Tt^and (onsty^e near Bangkok). The Thai licence 
is Britoil's first Far Eastern (^Tcratorshg}. 

* Overseas acqid^ci^ made in the US from Freepon- 
McMoRan Inc and in Indonesa from Urtion Ib.xas ( 1 3 
interest in the ’foroori block, offshore Sulawesi }. 

* An<rildiscoivery(Tiaka-l on the Ibrnori block) and a gas 

dscovn^'fFhgerungan-l on (he Kar^iean block) made in Indonesia. 

The Aimual Report will be despatched at the be^nnii^of 
April and will include the N<xlce of the Annual General Meetii^ 
which is to be hdd at 2..30pm on Friday 25 April 19^ in the 
Dou^ Suite, the Aflnnv’ Hotel Douglas Str^ Glas^goisc 

Pdt a cupi'iM'theRepoapkaaccninpkie and iroirn the coupon III 
ihcCompam'Secrcury BritnUp^ T5Qi;[\lncemStiret.GU!^gnn’ | 

G2 ?LJ. E.xistli^ shareholders will itrcehc the Repon ^dtorth: 



1^ Energy at work for Britain J 

Davy Corporation: Sir Ro«- 
ald Halstead joiu the board 
as a non-executive director, 
and Mr Peter L Waite and Mr 
Roger T Ki^den are to be- 
come executive directors. 

DAXS Simpson Gtm^x Mr 
John J Coben is to join the 
board as a non-executive 

Robert Fleming & Co: hfr 
Ian EUisoD has Dteo made 

Henry Ansbacto HoUings: 
Mr Albert Dondelinger and 
Mr Nadwlas Saiaaelm have 
joined the board. Mr 
&mud50n is to become exec- 
utive ctonnan of Seascope 
Insurance Holdings. 

Pentagram Group: Mr Nev^ 
Ole SandebM has been ap- 
pointed a non-execative 

Greene, Belfield^mith & 
Co: Mr Graham Wason has 
been made an associate part- 
ner of the company and 
director of the company. 


• PEaJISIW: Ftnal efividend 
5.7Spi. malans lOp (8.Sp- ad- 
justed) for I98S. Tnrnover 
£970.1 .minion (£^3.2 milb'on). 
Piclax profit £109J onllioa 
(£99.4 tnUlion). Extraordinary 
profit £11.5 million (£6.7 mil- 
lion). Eaniiogs per shro before 
extraordinary hems 30p (2K.9p 

• CENTRAL indepen- 
dent TELEVISION: Filial 
dividend lOp. making 12.^ 
(I0.5p) for 1985. payabi 
30. Turnover £lo5X 
(£152203800). Pretax profit 
£11.856.000 (£10,047,^). 
Pro^ after tax £6.594800 
^.067,000). Earninp pershare 
26Jp (24Jp). CeDOaTs share of 
tool rrv net advertising rev- 
enue increased from 142 per 
cent to 143 per cent. The board 
is coisideriiig eafianchisiiig 
DOD-voting shares and apiriying 
for full listing of Ceoiral shares, 
which would require apmoval 
hy fhareboldera, tbe IBA and the 
Stock Exchange. 

• LWT (HOLDINGS); Results 
for 26 weeks to Jammiy 26. 
Interim dividend S.68Sp 
(5. 1 683p). turnover £73.808,000 

3.790.0001 profit before lax 
(£5,428,000). earo- 


ingrptf share i&6lp (I6Mp), 
Tbe improved resnlt comes 
principally fimn Loodm Wedr- 
end Televison. The leductimi 
in group t ur nover is attributable 
to the amnsolidatioo of LWys 
iniaest in Hntebinson afier the 
merger with Century Publidiing 
last year. 

(XXIDRICKE: Dividend ISp 
( 1 2p) for 1 985, profit bHoie tax 
and extraordinary items 
£1.724,228 (£1.409,751), profit 
after lax and extraonfinary 
items £1.606,058 (£1,358.868). 
Transforred . fiom res erve for 
buildiqm and maintenance nil 
Earnings per share 

87.23p(67.3 y^^.^ 

• WATES emr OF LON- 
than 99 per cent of the 
30305.006 new ordinaiy shares 
ofieied way of rights have 

been taken up. Shares not taken 
up have been sold and the excess 
over the subscription price (after 
expenses) of approx 3<^ per 
ordinary diare will he distrilv 
uted to provisional allottees 
originally entitled. Amounts un- 
der£2. however, vriU be retained 
for the company's.bencfiu 

The company has i n er rased 
grote revenues to C^nS33.48 
million (CanS 14.56 millionlaod 
cash flow, after pr e fer r ^ divi- 
dends. to CanSlSif^ 
|(^nSS.08 million) in the 1985 
ttmcial year. The increases 
reflect the 140 per cent increase 
in oil production. 





Adam & Company, 


OWswk Savkmst: 

Consolidated Crds.^ 12 k% 

Gonlinen&al Trust .11 m% 

Co-operative Bank :.124% 

C. Hoare & Co 

LLpyds Bank 11»% 

Nat Westminster-, 11%* 

M Bank of Scolland..,..1lMX- 

]SB. im% 

ewank NA kmx 

f Woinm Bae »■«» • 


b the Butto- * rt^**®**”*^ 

vhich If nl *■» inwa iD.sbgws *ith qgskfaabfe tax 

advantanrib - . . 

11m wiB be eittU W te » a pwK* ' 

• £2A0 a mondi or £2. a M 

• Free from towiP 

*.4ndfr«fi«i!i<sijiiialpai»tiix . 

' - RMiwbicraatMiiiaLmi^of dwimMxlugm^h^^ 
niRzit firmlv jmeto fo be a Mw'ln tfah 

exchaignewareaofiiirertaieia*- • ■ 

lb make eiM YOU are nne .of die fial to briuGc friSn 

these am oppfwuiniiicfc cuitplere tbe Qwpuu hdaw 'pfcow 
us <Hi Csl&ee OBflO 414i6L 

•Jhi FiilrBtviaiBiHUMBl WiiinwBf liwit i i . POgao^* Piefc i il gi. 

Knir TNO iDQi Tk l qiW ; sean WI6L -- 

TVi.l.i»n.nIilliltrtrfcm-‘i»rrrririr*’**‘-Tr—- ''' ' ' ' 

Flmc and ne fiodia deuib. 






- > 



conveying syaem^ flfjfieal pio(JDC(% etectranite m 

Recofd Re^iRs in 19K 

Sales ' 

Pre t a x p r ofit s 
Earnings pershare 
Dhdclends pershare 











inciB3sen7 profits forthe eleventh., 
consecutiyayegu' _ 

4: 14% ificreaM n eernings share 

4 Recent meilger with CH Pearce & Sons 
pic announced^^OetDb^ 1985 . 

8; Ar^ther goodye^is ebt^ectad in 

Acim M n te a v sfefi fci fr pmffie Scrjctar y, 

IMamtacturers »iU re/ade's o/ ouaftry s/xies) 

66 Exc hange rate 
fluctuations actversely 
affect prof its 99 

njforts tan B Ctejfoh, Ch^rnan 
Turnover rose 7% to ^552 ntillioa 

Pre-tax profits— 7% lower at £4,39 million— 
demonstrate the effects of adverse foreign 
exchange fluctuations and both higher 
interest charges arid difficult trading 
conditions in the USA. 

> A final dividend of ^ makes a total of 8.5p 
net for the year-an increase of 13%. 

Increased profits were achieved from both 
France arxl Belgium. 

Canadian profits, in dollars, were up by 
and these very buoyant tradirig conditions 
have been maintained into 19^ 

Another record year for UK manufacturing 
companies and current orderbooks remain 













Irading profit 

5.57 ' 



Profh before tax 



Earmngs per share 






f^eoortsndSGcouaisMibeoosieaiosnarenoKierson lemApiriisee. 
Cftureft 6 Oi PLC. Sr Jamss. Arormanvvo*! NMS 5JS. 

0 i 





Totelshar^bldcrs* fnnds 


12,375 - 





+ 219# 

Earning pasture • 




Dividends per sitere • ' 

6.5p - 



«>-0p 8I.8 d >S.8» 

Extracts fiDm Chairman’s Review 

ala TUnW : . . _ 

— iiaon 5 ACVieW 

‘‘S^Ti^ Technology is successfufiy expandinst 
ra^of ^uipmeot and design services and 

and enquinte are at record levds- 

-p— — • — IwpumvULaitUUGiHgQSar 

and enquiries are at record levels 

^ogr^me on rhe consoiidatioii of our fool? mam 
™ **“^i«en.comptee( 

HISmSS?— equipped io supply oi 

cuacm^m increte^ voiomewiih a much wldSOTMt 
P^^ d^lopcd for current ana fmn“^ 


eiflarge tWs division through 

and^fiwhiv inlo three stron 

: SaleTlImgrPljc: 




March 21, 1986 

Pet^ Davenport 

t FO<::t js )1 



3 Results inigig 

r * *rr 

y vi* 

' i *’*-• 



Bntain's Nordi West ' ' 
r^jon is hfeing- 
tranrfonned by a sojes of 
hnaginatfre yentnreg- 
wjiidi inclnde tbe Greater 
Manchester £xhibitioB • 
and'Events C»treto be 
' today by die ' 

being born again 

Pater MeConnaGk 

Tbe fidt to rid the North 
West.<:£its ogjy of the 
’ Indust^ Rervolutibn 
have* twin bebeSts. It will not 
only improve die daily lot of 
the people vbo live azud work 
in its towns and dries, it will 
also make the environment of 
the legion much more attrac- 
rive' 10 ontside investois iriio 
are needed to iRovide tte new 
Jobs so badly needed. 

It wOl, inevitably, be a kmg- 
tenn programme. there are 
already mufti-xnillion-pound 
schemes foiging ahead in Liv- 
erpool, Mandiesier and Sal- 
a^ many smaller towns. 

The Government, 
the Department o^ihe Envi- 
ronment, is pnminng- more 
than £100 millioii a year into 
the area rimnigb its basket 
uiban aid .progCBmme&..and- 
derelict land grant Mtidt dfit 
is -ried in partnership deals 
with local authorities and 
jRivate industry. And many.of 
the schemes are turning once 
derelict decaying relics of the 
indnstr^ past into imagixia* 
rive, attracrive dei^opments.. 

In Liverpool, the 
Merseyside Development 
Corporation has. insirired the 
£100 million compl^ refur- 
bishment of the ^Jbert Dock 
area into a waterfront Vilbge 
of shops. rest^ttSj^alieries^ 

' museums and hcniry apait- 
meots. A further 200 acres of 
^sused dodcland is also to be 
redeveloped into .a series of 
imgor tourist attracticnis. 

The dty eoun^ has a 
rolling urban r^enerarion 
stmiegy fiR* the demolition of 
old, decaying tenements and a . 
rriniilding m new homes no 
more than two stmeys hi ^ a 
range of aports fedlities for the 
inner city is:beingdevdaped 
.and there-is.a.progamme 
improviiig parkland in the 
- area aod.schemes for enhano> . 
mg'foegener^ enyitonment. 

- Once derdict la^- is aiao 
being reclaimed imaginarive- 
. ly. A 64>ac» former railway 
tiaarahaTBhg yud has been 
.transformed, with 62,000 trees 
and .100,000 shrubs, into 
Waviertree Techntdw Faik 
with foe potential for aOOO ^ 

On the site of the former 
Racquets Club, a gentlemeni^ 
dub that ym dtsooyed in the 
Toxietb riots of 1981, a . 
'kbhme%rii£ Rural Preseiva^ ' 

Badt from obscnrity: Mandiestetfs cent ral statioa finds an escdriimiiew nde iq.foe North 
‘WesCb firamfomiatiMi as the G-MEX ezhOritiiMi cestie with Frank \ITnfer at riie helm 

ti6nAssodatiorihaslRtn#ita land is left degraded, with oifr sites. The new G-MEX exhibi- 

the tatted remnants of its 
former youth to proclaim its 
pa^ we are guilty of two 

UMicfa of tbe coontryside to an 
urban area in a low cost 
programme to make the site 
. more attractive while it is held 
in a land bank for later 

There are many other exam- 
ines of a new use for once 
derelict land. A recent study 
into the problem of wasteland 
by the University ■ of 
Liverpoors' Environmental 
Advisory tTnit warned; . “If 

major transgressions. 

*Tir5t, that a valuable re- 
socDFce is being wasted and 
second, that our environment 
and that of our children is 
being er^e±“ 

When the Qneen visits the 
r^on today she will see two 
prime examples of the r^n- 
eratiott of former dei^ct 

lion centre in Manchester has 
been created from the old 
Central Station and there has 
been a £3.5 million renovation 
of tbe origioal Wigan Pier site 
foal has turned a disused, 
derelict eyesore into a smart 
complex of museums, exhibi- 
tion centre and restaurants. 

Tbe dty of Salford suffers 
badly from uiban decay but 
there are schemes ip hand that 
win improve the area greatly. 

Former rundown council fiats 
sold to Banatts, the builders, 
have been trai^ormed into 
desirable, private homes 
Salford's former docks are 
being transformed in a £175 
million project that win see 
high-grade private bousing, a 
hi-tedi industrial site and a 
165-bed hotel 
A big improvement to tiie 
environment of the Miole 
region wfll be the outcome ofa 
2S-vear, £4 biUion programme 
to clean np the entire Mersey 
ftadn. The initial woik has 
attracted a £67 miUion grant 
from the European Develop* 
ment Fund to be spent in foe 
first three years of woik. 

In Manchester, where the 
new exhibition centre and tbe 
renovatimi of the Midland 
Hotel tt^ether with develop- 
ment of the ChsUefidd com- 
plex of museums and tourist 
attractions have revitalized 
the dty centra there are also 
plans to turn disused office 
blocks, and even a fonner fire 
siflrion. into hotels. 

Venue for the 
21st century 

When the Central Station was 
opened in Manchester at the 
end of the last century, it was 
to bring the goods and the 
people of the Industrial Revo- 
lution into the heart of a great 

Today Mien the Queen 
offidally opens tbe renovated 
train haD as tbe Greater 
Manchester Exhibition and 
Event Gentry its developers 
hopie it will signal a period of 
21st-century prosperity. 

The new conidex, with its 
unique dty«eDtre site and 
blend of hi^y adaptable 
intenial focilities, will make 
Manchester into an important 
rival to the National Exhibi- 
tion Centre in Birmingham 
and London. 

Interest was keen long be- 
fore the centre was comiNded. 
Frank Winter, tbe general 
manager of G-MEX, tbe man- 
agement company runnii^ tbe 
centre, says: “We are h^ly 
.satisfied with tbe way things 
are gou^ There was a tremen- 
dous-gap -for such a centre in 
the north and because ofour 
unique location right in the 
heart of the dty, we may take 
business away nom the NEC 

“We have 28 exhibitions 
booked betwe e n now and 
November and will adiieve 
our predicted third-year re- 
sults in the first year." Its first 
exhibition earlier this month 
was on the theme of industrial 
enterprise in the North West 
with 150 exhibiting 

B^use of its large internal 
space, unblemished by a sin^e 
pillar and with a roof arching 
85 feet above the floor in a 
single span, it is ideal for 
athletics meetings, tennis 
tournaments, equestrian 
events, classical and rock mu- 
sic concerts. 

Manchester's international 
airport is a 25-aiinute drive 
away, there is an excellent 
neiw^ of motorways and 
r^ular mter-dty train services 
into Victoria and Piccadilly 
stations. There are a wide 
range of holds, night clubs, 
theatres and restaurants, all 
within a few minutes’ walk of 
the centra 

Tbe creation of the exhibi- 
tion complex is expected to 
inject £14 million of extra 

business. This will also in- 
volve an extra 134,000 bed- 
nifots for the nearby hotels. 

The transformation of the 
old Central Station from a 
derelict dinosaur of a bygone 
age to an ultra-modern exhibi- 
tion venue is just one phase of 
an ambitious scheme to reno- 
vate 26 acTK of iimer-dty 

When completed it will see 
the major refurbishment of 
the old Midland Hotel into a 
five-star Holiday Inn. Tbe 
teltirtb of the station has cost 
£20 million and lefuibish- 
ment of the Midland Hotel 
will cost a further £14.6 mil- 
lioiL The entire 26-acre 
scheme is due for comjtietion 
by foe eml of the next decade. 

John Bogle: a modem cmitre 
symiMUhetic to history 

To fedlitate the develop- 
ment, tbe Greater Manchester 
Cbuncil formed Central Sta- 
tion Properties Ltd, a com'pa- 
ny jointly owned on an equal 
ba^ wifo Commercial Union 

The renovation of Central 
Station wu a daunting task. It 
opened in July 1880 to 
vide a link with the existing 
road network and extensive 
canal system around Man- 
chester. It was expanded a 
decade later with the opening 
of the Great Northern Ware- 
house, now a listed building, 
to be redeveloped as pan ot 
foe scheme. 

But economic and transport 
changes led to a steady decline 
Contiimed on page 24 

brin^Dg a brighter ftiture 

to Manchester 

is proud to have formed Central Station Properties Ltd - a unique joint development ASSURANCE 

^ jSaii 

* • • ' • ’ V -^•_ * • • ^ i ^ " - ‘innuiiiti/^ * 



A full house at the Palace 

The Eaa of theatre in die region has 
changed dranudcally during the past 
five years and hs soppoiters now glahn it 
offers the best entertamment outside 

The argmnrat that provincial theatre 
ivas dying, giving dedining aodienc^ 
second-rate prodnctkws in mn-down 
venues, has bMn turned on its head. 

Bob Scott, who was the first adminis- 
trator of Manchester's acclaimed Royal 
Exchange Theatre, is now the managhig 
director of Manchester Theatres Ltd, 
whidi operates the refurbished Palace 
and Opera House Theatres. 

The two theatres, ailing in the 1970s, 
were rescued and renovated and now 
have an annnal tnrnova of more than 
£10 milOon, with a six-fignre trading 
profit Mr Scott says: '*We have had oar 
success on the lucks of our andiences. 
People can tell the difierence between 
good and bad. We are now supplying the 
goods which people know are worth the 

‘*lt has been caloilamd that if 
everyone within rac hoar's drive of 
Manchester went to the theatre jnst once 
a year, and tfaat*s not too mnch to ask, 
we wo^ need 22 new theatres to cope. 
W'e are at the heart of one of the greatest 
connixrbations in Western Emope with 
10 million people within one hour's 

*'Wbat we suffered fitnn in the past 
was second-rate prodnctions, charging a 
percentage of the Londmi price and the 
attitude That will do for them'. That is 
no longer the case and we now sell 
tickets that no one believes possible." 

The I^ce was renovated at a cost of 

£4 million and reopened in 1981 
followed three years la^ by die Opm 
House, renovated at £1 inilliOB friHii its 
prerioDS nse as a bii^o dob. 

Much initiative, and die cash, for the 
vratnre came from Raymond Skicer, the 
of the civil engineeriiQ firot 
Norwest Hoist. 

The Palace was designed to be the 
seciMid home of the Roynl Op wa a nd 

now also ofiers andiences the oppmtw 

ty of seeing important ballets. The 
^Isboi is in resilience for a week in 
ADgDst, the same mondi that the 
London prodnction of Evita opmis at tlw 
Opera Honse. The revival of theatre is 

not yet finished, says Mr Scott. "As long 

as we hold on to oar nerve then I see no 
reason at all why other bnOdings, now 
used as bingo and such, should niA 
revert to their original nse as dieaCres.** 
But for some theatres, and other arts 
organizadons, the abolition of the 
metropolitan counties of Greater Man- 
chester and Merseyside at the end tftte 

month are an uncertain fhtnre. 

The Royal Exchange Theatre, which 
received more dun £500,000 a yearfrmn 
the CMC, will have to depend on die 
negotiations with a committee formed 
from representatives of the 10 distrira 

A trust has bow been formed to run 
the Philharmonic HalL IM five local 
andMaities in the area will still have tt 
find more than £301MMK1 to coBtinne 
fondii^ the hall and the o r ches tra, 
despite an hUeedon of eittra Aits 

Bnt there is a br^tm note in tte arts 
on Merseyside with the steady progress 
towards the openly of the Tate in die 
Nwth. This will be housed in a 
reforblsbed warehonse in die unagiBa- 
dve Albeit Dodc wate^ont devoop- 
ment in UverpooL 

Phase one die project, costh^ £6,5 
miliim, vriD see the complete renovatiMi 
of die bnOdh^ and is sdednled to imen 
in the snmmer of 1988. The second- 
phase, costing a foitber £3 mfllfon and 
which will pioride more galleries and 
space for p^onnis^ arts, will fofiow 

In Liverpool abolition of the 
Merseyside County Council led to fears 
for the future of the ^pire Theatre, the 
Royal Phflbarmwiic Orchestra and the 
Philbannonic HalL The oomidl had 
invested £1 millimi over three years in 
the theatre and it fkced closure until a 
snccessfol offer was accepted from die 
Apollo Leisure Group. 

ration has put up £4.5 manon of tte cost 
of phase one whh a farther £500,000 
from the Office of Arte and litearies. 
The trustees of tiie Tate have ^e^ed to 
raise the ranahiiiig £1.5 mllliai and 
fond ralsiim is said to be gmng wdL The 
trustees have also midert^cen to find die 
£3 millioB te fund the final phase. 

Alan Bowness, director of the Tate 
has pledged that its nordieni ontiet wiD 
not be merely a dumping ground &b 
works of ait not considei^ important 
enough for display in London. 

It win feature m^ contemporary art 
fitim the past 40 years equal to any on 
display in Lo^on and it is expected that 
up to half a mSUon people a year w3I 
risit tike Tate in the North. 

■ ;Ef .. :■* 

4= ■ 

'r .•«*» 

Tte new Wigps FS« Now a 

Full steani ahead 
Iot the marina - 

Migor commercial devdop- 
ments are taking piiaee in 
towns across the Nohb Wes 
and manytifthemarenBenep- 
ating previously d epress ed ar- 
eas. One of the lai^ sdieines 

piotor^mng ciiciiiL. n . pony 
trottiQg stadium or^a Idtere 
centre oh the seebod' 
200acreshtft so fiThtdeqaion. 
has yet bees made. . 

In Stockport, thvifodoa^ioL 

Btdi Scott: Huge andienoe sneoess 

is the £100 million redevelop- d^reiop a retail pmH tdw to 
meat of the former Prestos the town, centre; oh te iZoere 

The North West of England is 
home to some of the best- 
known industrial names in the 
world and efforts to market 
the area abroad to potential 
foreign investors are now 
being set down under the 
label. The Region oj 

None of the organizations 
or individuals involved in 
trying to bring new jobs and 
investment would pretend 
that the region does not have 
some big problems. 

Bui its economic vitality 
remains a crucial part of the 
financial well-being of the 
nation as a whole. On a recent 
visit to Manchester. Paul 
Channoa Secretary of State 
for Trade and Industry, said 
that a. prosperous North West 
was a bi^ prioriiy of govern- 
ment policy. 

However, unemployment at 
16.5 per cent doggedly refuses 
to come down and remains at 
almost three per cent above 
the national average. In Feb< 
ni^‘ 51328 were out of work 
with only 18.312 vacancies. 
The figure for the Liverpool 

The big names in industry move in 

irav'el-io-woik area is 2 U per 
^ cent Within the city there are 
pockets of hopelessness and 
despair where unemployment 
stands at perhaps 75 per cent 
Disaffected youngsien face 
the prospect of life without 
^ ev'er holding down a real job. 
However, the effort to attract 
more jobs and new industry 
goes on. 

Inward is the regional 
ty organisation,- formed last May 
le and backed by local autbori- 
le ties, government and privaie- 
nt sector industries alike. It is 
ul responsible for persuading 
te overseas comp^es to set up 
i<i in the area which already has 
St rnore than 600 foreign firms. 
Or Basil Jeuda. its managing 

director, reports that the a^n- 
it cy has so for handled inquiries 
» from almost 70 overseas com- 
u panies. many based in the US. 
e .Announcements about two 
> developments involving £10 
‘k million of capital expenditure 
s. are expected this month, 
si The prime development for 

Inward is its decision to 
appoint its first fuU-time rep- 
resentative in the US. If funds 
allow, a representative will 
later be appointed in Japan. 

Inward has recently com- 
pleted a detailed survey 
which, says Mr Jeuda, dispels 
any notion that the region 
suffers unduly from bad in- 
dustrial relaiionr, a problem 
which in • the past has left 
industrialists opposed to sink- 
ing risk capital in the area. 

The decision by a Hong 
Kong-based garment manu- 
facturer to set up a company 
on Merseyside, Ininging 300 
new jobs by September, and 

North West to those outside 
is a major problem and it is 
something we are working 
hard to change. 

“Of course we have our 

1C region, the second largest 
contributor to the GNP out- 
side London and the Soudi 
East. Even in areas like 
Merseyside which gets so 
much adverse attention, thm 
are real success stories.” 

Many internationally re- 
nowned concerns have their 
headquarters and operations 
in die area and are fiimiy 
committed to iL Companies 
such as Ford. Plessey, Shell 

the announcement by Marks and General Motors have all 
& Spencer that it is to base its recently announced big 

charge-card operations in 
Chester, eventu^ providing 
up to 750 jobs, have been a 
boost to the morale of those 
working to step up new 

Andy Toop, North West 
regional director of the CBL 


Rofls-Ro^ employs 4,000 
people at Crewe, turning out 
2,500 of the world's most- 
famous cars a year, most 
destined for the US market. 

British Aerospace has seven 
sites throughout the region — 

of the at Chester, two in Manchester. 

Lostock, Wanon, Preston and 
Salme^Muy, employing more 
than 29.000. The pluts 
around Warton are producing 
the Tornado fighter for the 
RAF and for export to Saudi 
Arabia and Oman. 

British Nuclear Fuels, based 
at Ris!^, near Warrii^ton, is 
the centre of the country’s 
nuclear industry. The area is 
home also to ICI, Ferranti and 
Pilkinglon Glass. 

Ne^y one-quarter of die 
country’s annual outout of 
electronic and electrical en^- 
neering graduates qualify in 

The North West also has 
historic connections wifo the 
development of computer 
lecbnoloi^. The first commer- 
cially available computer, tbe 
Ferranti Marie I Star was 
develop^ in Manchester and 
the dty is now the location for 
the National Computing 

The North West regioii is an 

important centre for pharma- 
ceuticals, medical equipmeat 
and biotedmok^ wkh more 
than one-fifih m the entire 
British w o rk fo rce employed in 
pharmaceuticals juoAiction. 
Leadxi^ companito in the 
field wnhin the r^on.incliide 
IQ, Glaxo, Wdlcome, Fisons 
and Beediams. 

The city of Manchester is 
rapidly becoming a - mqjor 
centre for hanking and fin^ 
dal institntions and the 
Northern Stodc Ex^nge in 
tbe dty has been revitalised. 

The key attraction , in the 
selling of the North West is its 
communkatiems. It boasts an 
elaborate network of motor- 
ways, rail links and, in Manr 
Chester, Its own intenutional 
airport with a grovring rcA-call 
of overseas destinations. 

Government agencies and 
deparm^ts see the proviskn 
of new jobs coming fiom the 
encouragement of smaller new 
businesses. But at the same 
time they wish, to ensure that 
tradition^ large-scale indus- 
try remains competitive and 
shrinks no mtxeL . 


When complete it wffl tzsns- 
fbrm a 2S04cre stt oi^y a 
z^e from tbe town centre mto 
an important retafl, commer- 
cial and leisure eomplA A 
further 200 acres alongside is 
to be developed later. 

The docks, w4iidi pio- 

dte foruteriy ownedby Natdi 
West Gas, hiis~'altfaeted 32 
sutoissioas fiom d tote foj jws, 
leiaQ constMtiums and. pei- 
tion foods. The'' . laeat^ 
Qrimley & Son of Manchester 
are now drawing u^aiAenJtd 
for further diseuwi^ ; ' 

Nicholas Whin, i partner 
mih the fom; satdr^^':*^ 

neered the roB-on, .rdtoff - ‘toke'.ao> 

techniqw only to me pors couu^ai&klivenndiitectw- 

: nearer tbe coast cqnialize on 
tbe idea,'were dosed in Oeto* 

! ber 1981 by order iff «i Act of 
^ Pariiament. 

It meant that the- focal 
I Gouhdl could then qppniaelt 
the iniemreiomd' mariedr . 

I seeking devdere^ for the 
entire dodthmd . awa. Tbre ' 
totals aboM 450 acres; ondaire 
h cme of the primer lpcatioiis. .i 
to be ofibred in die legKM. * 

In Decenfoer test year, the ' 
couadi s«ned.dtefiire 
oomract fin- the niew Preston 
Riversway fito with the Bld-‘ 
four Beaf^ Gro iq i' k^ dso 
yevs of negraiatimB. The 
coundl ^jeitt £8 tmlUoD. . 

d deste andL iteid 
Most onbe propcis^ 

high standard in tbaSiis^ect Ul 
fine with cm iatentiok lo bdp 
10 create iud mnlntini^ an 
a iinddv e towteotntre 
ftmaeai" tfr The 

^ te .ctose- 'tci.:fiBi"Qe«3y 

'aicnneciiB- kx ^ v 


:6pidied Aada and ^SainSbnrys 
sireeesiairee'aad aeariuadton 
13^^li^:3m«wway.- . 

' insf a: ftw mfies a«rey, work 
is in prog rtte . OB Wainfrpat 

mudi of it. itt toe firm of • 20001 if- co min w cia l rtircyect 
govcnnncnt deidictiM told- bong devdoped 

Our computers 
couldn’t teach us 
fan-sett cobbling. 

Condnaed from page 23 
in use and the last train pulled 

We've built power stations, 
hi-tech office complexes, iabora- 
tories, fast-food restaurants, fac- 
tories and much more besides. 

But it wasn't the hi-tech which 
was the challenge at Manchester 
Central Station: it was the low-tech. 

From its graceful roof, soaring 
85 feet above the ground, to its' 
brick-vaulted undercroft, nothing 
was ordinary about the project to 
restore the old railway station as a 
fine new exhibition and events 
centre for the city. 

For instance, fan-sett cobbling ■ . . ^ 

Is a Skai which th^-norian GMC^’' ufSS 

took with them. Wfe had to re-learn I the rievelnnment of the etetioT, 

Where Mr Rolls 
met Mr Royce 

grams, to dear the iSte; Ba- 
ppDvp flood ddencto aD^i^- 
st^newaocete-Toads. - 

Thoiisaiids rfmoTO 
jobs OB file way 

and tas'i m po rt ed ns Crown 
Plaza COBC^ piqiular with 

The first devekremeiu: 'Da 
the site is i6 .be a 'sfab^gm^ 

beuv deveiopeo py vixsniMy 
At Salmird 

Intcnaltt will provklei 60,000 
sfpm foei of tow-rite proper- 
ty aim^ m tedmiidogy-based 
aseis teich as computer and 
dednmics companies. 

The scheme forms pan of 
toe scale - re^eration of 

out in 1969. The great Victori- US custom^ 

an structure continued to *I7ie prpfect will j 

superstore for the Mornsons Saifoid Dpdes, Other projects 
supermarket group. W^ is under way in the area include 

loom over the dty centre but it 
descended into dereliction 
and disuse. 

For 1 1 years, the station had 
no use other than that of an 
occasional car paricThen in 
1979 a Manchester architecL 
Jack Bogle, was eng^ed by a 

the development of the station 
and surrounding site. Though 
he wanted to retain the sense 
of history in tbe buDding, he . 
did not simply want to create a ' 
monument to the pasL 
He said: “1 wan^ to create 
space in keeping with its new 
use but also totally syrnpathm- 
ic to its history. The building 
presents a sense of occasioiL 
Just entering h will maif^ 
people feel good" 

The 14 larre iron arches that 
formed the fiamework cf the 
old station were retained to 
frame tbe new centre. The old 
dock in the facade remains 
and tbe new glass foyer, like an 
apron in front of the entrance 
is supported by a series of cast- 
iron columns moolded fiom 
those that originally lined the 
side platforms of the statioiL 
The main attraction of the 

iiicorporate a blend of Edwar- 
dian splendid tbe most 
modem forties.. Tlie hi^ 
ornate ceilings remain 
and the 304 romns, including 
10 suites, will be refiiitisbed 
and redecorated '• in period 
st^ Modem additions will 
indude a swimming pool, 
gymnasium, squash court and 
health dubs. It is due for 
completion in spring .next 

-about to start and be 
oompfoi^ by early next year. 

A major, foaxnre of the 
.ledeydq^mt will be a niai> 
na in the SO-acre former dodc 
basin, with resiaufanis,'. pubs 
and diopsL W^u cdmtriMxl. 
within 10 years, the site will 
also .invoNe -30 acres of pri- 
vate housing and jKOMde 
between 2,000 md 3,000 new' 
full-time jobs. . 

The council has.- already, 
received pnq)osals to build a 

theconstniction.of a 16S-bed- 
faotd to be operated by British 
Caledonian, an eight-screen 
cinana and private housing. - 

ill Manchester, the former 
home of toe. Manchester Ship 
Canal Company — Ship Chnal 
House — has undergone major 
refurbishment and extension 
to provide 73,600 square foci 
of accommodation and 
ment car parking. The project 
was undertaken by Guardian 
Royal Exchange Assurance. 

A unique specialist service 

Midland was the 
byword for elegance 

it, together with the indicate brick- 

laying techniques of dog-tooth The main attraction of the 
detailing, cross-banefing with exhibition centre is the 
Staffoittehire blues, and working amount ofspace it offers. The 
with reclaimed stone. 5?®^ arches 83 feet above the 

But we are construction men, 

Thoi^ we work in todays world of 

sophisticated systems, matenals It can be sectioned off by an 

and techniques, we draw on an im^juaiive airangement of 
instinct for tne job - whatever it is - ''sails’* that can be swung into 
aiming to make it that much better 
than anyone else. 

This project stretched us. It 
called on all our modem training 
and skills, as well as an appreciation , 
of the wit - and whirS - of our 
Victorian ancestors. tSiel^^^^ 

In stretching us. we learned, 30,000 square foot room on 
just as we leam with every' new job- one side and, on the other, an 
each different, each with'its own set ^na which can provide seat- 
ofproblems, its own team of people for 5,500 for ice hockey, 
to solve them. 

That is the way like to 
approach our business. 8,400teat concert halL 

Today 'G-MEX*. as it is now Today the (^een will also 
known, will be officially opened by inaugurate the reconstruction 
Her Majesty the Queen and Prince Mutond HoteL 

Philip, we ate proud of our 

craftsmanship. awarded to Fairclouah 

NNC is Britain's largest energy conora^ng . 
or^nisation. Jointly owned byGoverruTient 
and industry it prot^es a wide ran^ of . . 
sendees In tfie nudear and non-nudear 
engineering fields. 

its expertise covers design, project- !. 
management construction ahd.oommissionrng 
or nudear and reiated systems, as weB as 
extensive R&D capability. 

NNCs ar^ of sp^Bsatipn rndiide: 

■ Safety and Refiabirny Studies. 

■ Risk Analysis. - 

■ Quaifty Assurance/Management S^mtis. 

■ Offshore Techrrology Services. 

■ Comprehensive Research & DevefopmenL 


UTdude Government departments, nationa&ed 
pdt^es arid private sector organisations, 
both at home and overseas. ' 

ing for 5,3^ for ice hoclry, 
equestriau events, teimis or 
boxing Tbe configuration can 
be changed again to form an 
8,400-seat conceit ball 
Today the (^een will also 
inaugurate the reconstruction 

Alfred MHAIpIne 


work, worth £9 million, has 
been awarded to Fairclough 
Building, Western Division. 

Tbe Midland onginally 
opened m 1903, was a red 
bhek and brown polished 
stone edifice with a roof-top 
tea gardeiL It was the b^ord 
for elegance with German and 
French restaurants, an in- 
house tailor and its own sub- 
post office. And it was there 
that Mr Rolls met Mr Royce. 

Hdida) Inn has designated 
il a “fla^rp developraent”. 

NaBonal NudewOnpotafibn Umited 

Bocjdte HaH, Cheffbrtf Road KnuBf^ 

■ Ch^reWA168Q2 ^ 

Telephdoe 0565 3800 Telex 666000 






The shake-up coming after the abolition 

^ fiwn Ae 


^ wKsane in 

Oe A^fantsfroiigliold of Ln^ 
j^L^v odlUon of Ae itgiMi*fe 

%i SS?24^i^5 » SE. 

* Ae eod of Ilib momb 

“^KHpoHlaii cooties of 
Grest^ Msnchester and 
Mciseyside am ahijiahrf 
, Tbqla re.tndfaopearlnrti f 

shak^ thnt win abo 
end to Gmter London Concn airf 
lOttcAer metropoliian mthorities. 

Many tf Ae feaporibilhies of 
At cpdnty. anthorides win A afvo' 

: Im^to tbe district ODodb and to a 
aodMo^benids. Residuit bodies A 

' MaiMsrstcT and Urapool frin over* 

age Ao wfaidingiip of Htt com^ 
Aipesi of snr^u jwQperty ud 
.haA^nmpanatieB p^Fineits te 
staff IcA'wnbovt jobs to go to* 

Tie lebrganiratieii has been de> 

^dned to remore a tior of bueanon- 

^ cy and to EeCam mwe power to 
^ people A Aeir own Ac^. Bnt 

crMes say Aat ft win merely to 

a sIowAg-dowa A serwices and an 
Arose A rates as wdB as baean- 
cntiedhaoSb - ' 

The Creatto Mandiester cendl, 
^kb oofeis an area of 497 sonare 
ndlto and a pc^dmAn of 2S 
mmiott, has re^onsibOhieB lor 
hAAnySy bnses^ phmring, reflise» 
recieitMii. acts, co n sn ni e r sm te ; 
Ae ptdiee and fire sorice. 

' A die aftemiaA of aboBdotti 
Am win A Jidnt boards CMsistliv 
A lepiesentotiTes from eadi of the 
10 dniricC coanc&B A die area to ma 
refnse coilecdoosy Ae poHoe^ fiie 
.•errices and liAhintys - wiA the 
fAiAng being snartf among die 

: nie CMC dnployi ld,d00 and 
with tody weeks before the abtfAm 
de sidlAt^ aU bnt 540 hare Jownd 
oAer jobs to go to| many jtoaAg Ae 
distrkt oonndls. 

Bernard Clarke» Labonr leadtf A 
die c ount y conndl, is critkAi A Ae 
new anaqeinenA He btoieves they 
win prove so osocoessM dmt 
anodier leoig ani aadoii, the third 

smce 1974, woldd te reqnired widiA 
aiew years. 

He aignes Ant not only "40 
scfTices to Ae pobdc sAw down is 
10 asAtrides try to tgyee oa a 
oanmoa annoacfa bnt dnt die 
ratepayers will find themstovee 
payii« ont moK money to r ecei to 

The CMC A Ae largest lo etrtyol" 
itan comity ootside Londoa and it 
has teen calodattdt he said, Alt die 
new airangHnents win cost sn extra 

Mr CArke says that Ae aboftiea 
end Ae effects of new 

traaspoit irgiitations wOl pash up 
bos fores SM knd m 2^000 job 
losses A Ae area. Bnt dm oiaA blow 
will be dm endingtoa rqkmal rtoce 
on large scales long term economic 
Asnes, which, he says, sre total to 
cfitots to retotaUse many of Ae 
indnscrially depressed areas wiAia 
its bonndsrfes. 

Mr Claihe said: **Abo6doo has 
been done for political reasons — 
Aere is no ^bt shoot dmt. I am a 

Bernard Qarke: A oridc 

politirianbBtl see the repms doing 
a very hnportut, strategic, econom- 
ic job and nobody is stepping in to 
pick up those pieces.** 

Merseyside Coim^ Cotmdl, 
whicb stretches from SonAport in 

the norA to W'irral in tbe sondi, 
encompasses five district amhori- 
ties. Arse Lsbonr-ciatrolled, two 

The leader of the cooncQ, 
LAonr’s Kevan Coomtes, b Uont 
abont Ae problems of Ae immediate 
fotore. He said: **A lot of opportmd- 
tks for mneb-needed progress in 
economic development will be 
missed especially those on tbe large 

*^'00 will have to get agreement 
on issues between five local anAori- 
des, some of whom can*t even talk to 
each oAer, wtA one side trying to 
pot Ae otter side in ^ (a reference 
to the Labour conndUors of Liver- 
pool and Aeir court case itoP^aiAg 
against orders of snreha^ and 
bankruptcy by the District 

For the four mfllion people direct- 
ly affected by Ae reorpuibadon, the 
comii^ months w31 provide Ae 
answer to whether Aey will be better 
or worse off for the ci^ges. 

Tourists by the million 

. ■ . ' 1 - 

TiadiANud bat hasAeosUke llrmponl^ Albert Dock. 

From the bri^ and fiequent- 
iy b ree z y delfts of Btadmool 
: to the tokie open places of tbe 
Peak District, stalely 

: homes to Ae Maritime Mnse- 
uffl A livecpoolthe NorA 
West boasts a varied agenda 
for tourists. 

Many of its attractions have 
a;:: i been unapnativety tecreated 
i from the onoe’Sorry relics of 
^ its Adustrial past — for exam- 
jde, • the iminssive Albert 
Dock waterfront deveiopmjent 
m liverpoto and the 
Pier complex. 

The regioa*s two leading 
cities, Ma^esier and Liver- 
‘ ' pool, have an abundance of 

theatres, orchestras, muse* 
>,2 ums, ait galleries and restaiK 
rants. It b' also home to 
snccetoflil football dubs and 
has fine qxirtiiig focilities. 

‘Sok growth indbstry 
in smne parts’ 

The ledoo now attracts 12 
million i&tors a year. BritiA 
tourists spend about £430 
million annually; Aose finm 
abroad a further £143 million. 
Up to 100,000 jobs depend 
diitctly or indirtolly on tour- 

The industry b vital to a 
inrai ficonomy that suf- 
fered in the recession and by 
A*? Hftrltni* of 

al, la^e-scale employing 

According to AnAony 
Coldstooe, chairman of tbe 
North West Tourist Board, 
tourism b Ae otdy powA 
industry m ma^ of Ae 

regjcm. Its ctmtmuol develop*' 
ment b vital to its funm 
NMl^ Albtot Dods. economic healA. 

He said: ‘‘Tourism b vitaL 
It b going to be our saviour as 
a r^on. Tbe industrial rera- 
luiion b^n here and it has 
been our lifeblood bnt that 
rituation has 

“Unemtooyment b cata- 
strophic because large-scale 
engineering has gone and Ae 
tore of the rextile industry b 
lanfhahig compared wiA 
whatitwasjost 10^«arsa^. 

“We have a sxmatioQ where 
we eiAer Ae or take on new 
types of industry. We cannot 
compete wiA the Costa del 
Sol ^ it w)uld be dafr to talk 
abmt h. But we do have Ae 
best theatre and mosic outside 
London, art galleries, sesiride 
resorts like Bladcpool, historic 
towns like Ouster and the 
Peak DbtricL** 

Mr Goldslone says recent 
statistics dbdose that 6 
per cent of peo^ m Britain 
faiW more than one htoiday 
abroad every yetr, which 
m^Tit Am was a vast poteo* 
tial of peoiAi to be persuaded 
to visit the North West. 

Mr Goldstone added: “How 
valuable b tourism? Well, if H 
were to be banned from 
tomorrow morning, if some- 
one said itb fritbitUen A vitot 
the NoiA West, tbb area 
would diCL I am convinced of 
that The fiitore b A the 
leisure industiy.** 

As part of the_ mtensifieri 
drive to attract more visiiois, 
tbe NorA West Tonrbt Board 
has linked up vtoA the three 
other tourist auAoiities A the 
NorA to fr>nn Ae Northern 
Consortium tofTourist Boards 
to mount joAt campaigns. 

A sign A Aeir confidence b 
that a roadshow destAed for 
the Umted States b to visit 

LancatoAe NewTowns from the 

conA of your ’phone. 

Yon won't find a nKoe cx)iwAe^ 

choosing property A Sketaieia^ 

rontrai Lancasbiie which includes Preston, 
Chcffley and I*eylA. 

The CMT Property Centre singes the 

process by oferiag yoli mfonnatkip 


We n»*r* ^ 

ojoduce a shortlist that 
^ TTns-aJVBis mdustrial and 

from 3GOsQ:ftupwardsM]aiK3 for 

So you won’t have to sift 


lists of candidate sites, j!^ trudge xouiui 

Our choice of prime property is second 
to none. A addition Skelmeisdale is a 
development where youlU ei^oy special 
■ finanHal incentives that mdude madanerv or 
; job creatkm grants. 

So tate advanAge of our knowledge and 
experience; call James Gtaftonls office on 
01-835 6100. After all, why waste valuable tmie 
when .one tM is all it tak^ 

TheCommissfonfortheNew'Ibwns, .. 

S8, St Jametos Street London SWIA ILD. 

Iblex: 262334. F^csiixiile: 01-4910412. 

- an g mi ag p Wnlwyn Ga r U vn 

what for many people b the 
ultimate holiday doAiatioiu 
Ae West CO^ wiA its 
tradition of sand, sun and surf 
to try to persuade Californians 
to cross Ae Atlantic for the 
pleasures of Ae NorA West of 


Tourism in Ae NorA West 
has mcreased by 1 2 per cent in 
Ae past two years. Seven 
mUlioD pMple a year now 
visit Biackpool‘s pleasure 
beach, mak^ it one of Ae 
most visited attractAns any- 
where A Britain. 

Tourist board staff ao- 
knowled^ Aat Aeir i^cipal 
prcfolem is still one of image: 

Jonathan Tucker, the 
board's development manag- 
er, sai± “We have always 
i^tified that we have an 
image problem. People s^ 

Variety of proposals 
should boost jobs 

ihmk it b alt grim, satanic 
mifis and cobbled streets when 
A foct much of Ae area b 
mainly rural.** 

Problems wiA image can 
also lead to a reluctance on Ae 
behalf of investors. Tbe board 
recently beA a seminar for Ae 
City to persuade financiers of 
tbe ben^ts of Avesting A Ae 

New developments for Ae 
tonrist Aclu^ a £15 million 
seteme A BlrekpooL The 
borough council, A conjonc- 
tion whb Sunley Leisure, b 
transforming open-air baAs 
Ato a complete boliday-us- 
der-one-roof centre. It b to be 
known as tbe Sand Chsde and 
b due for compIetAn Ab 

There are proposals under 
consideration for a £70 mil- 
lion transformation of the 
New Brighton area of 
Merseyside to create an elabo- 
rate water Aeme park com- 
plete wiA hotels, a leisure 
toila^ and its own monorail 

A study b also under way 
uto Ae possibili^ of an £80 
million regeneration of nearly 
SO miles of the Leeds-Liver- 
pool canaU wAch, as well as 
providAg much-needed jobs, 
would be devoted largely to 
lebure Aterests. 



Does Ae area 
youte considering 
hare an available, 
skilled ihorkiorce 
WiA an enviable 
good labour record? 


\Mll you be eli^ble for Ae 
maximum available CapiDi Giant 
or £3,000 per job, and/or reduced 
rents up to 3 years on one of the 
largest ranges of premises in 

ftte you moving into the heart of Ae 
countrys communications network, 

WiA major road. rail, air and 
sealink^andwiA 13 million 
consumers and half of Ae 
UKh industry wiAin an 
_ hours drive? 



1092 5 3 3 3 34 

youVeamvedai Qp p^ONE 100 AND ASK'^.FOR 
Runcom. Rnd out 

Therigbt mowferpreiMbandsuceeas 

New 1ewn House. BusemartLet Snet >Mmfion. Chslwe WAI 2li. 

National Leasing & Finance Co. 

major providers and arrangers of property finance 

are pleased to be associated with the floancmg for the 
redevelopment of 


Tclepho«OJ-5WOI3r Fax0l-t.«3922 TclcvS.J542.U 

■■ . ;;•■■■- .. J 


Behind tfrc origioal of ooc of Uvcrpool's fomoos 

old buildings, stands one of the most advan^ office 
compleses AEuxope; Mexcury Court - a bhiejuim for Ae 
futute, desigi^ and built to a high specification to 
accocnmodltt tomorrow's office tetAiurfogy, today. 

Whether you need a room, a whole floor or the entire 
building, Mercury Courtcan easily acoommodate you. 
Office space b available on 3 floors, from 200 - 200,000 

square feet. 

Mercury Court b protected b}’ a sophisticated security 
system. An dectrooic card control system boweverallows 
tenants constant access to tbdr own office suite 24 bouts a 
day, 5^3 days a year 


Thfougbouc the building, heating and lighting systems are 
connoUed by coii^t^ to reduce energy costs and ensure 
tbe most cost-efifeoive performance. 


AZl office suites are designed to accommodate the fost- 
moring technology and compueerisatioo required by 
modem busAes. 

The very iaiBst telecmnmunicatioos system has been 
installed, ready for tenants to sim|toy plug into, right from 


Tbe entire office complex b built around a cental atrium, 
the livim heart of Merniry Court - an aotacthie meeting 
place ofiferAg the poEential frv lebure facilities and an 
ntriting food court. 

Situated in tbe heart of Liverpool's butry commercial 
centre. Mercury Coun b unique in having its own Luge 
lanrispaped paricbnd area, linked directly k> tbe atrium. 

Ample car parking b available bocb A the basement and 
on a surfoce site adjacent. 



— Ifig^ r-0SM3687Bl 

Oil-227 43D 

Snloi fsui4 F7Iii|t0 Ri, LtfTF 




From vour ponrolip card cbeck your 
e^( stuK price aovemeais. Add ibcm 
up 10 give you your ovcmil loial. Cbeck 
tDi& against the daily dividend figuie 

puUtsbed on (his page, if ii maidies you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
dailv prize monev stated. If yon are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must alw^ have 
your card available when claiming 


£ 2,000 

Claims required fia; : 
+43 points 






ro 33 SRMn Si AuByn 
S69 ei9 sane cnaR 
ne 603 bnign 
Sfr‘. 39* Vkeos Faigo 
am 220 vwrusi 

39 . 10 as as 

509 +12 «1 7-4 08 

798 O+SS 92a 88804 

£S8^ •I'l 

3l0 0+6 71 2319.7 


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Bioon tllaltlilii) 47S 

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CUrk (Uamtwl 490 

D am n U A) 820 

Osuwn 941 

Omnui whaey iM 

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HMM 9 nain o ni 4S 
taail an d Deu 88 

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AUmon TlKMpaon 98 
Mertand 349 

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tl9 219 


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*10 142 
0*15 107 
*5 189 

*8 3Z9n 
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*9 1000 

.S 41.1 
*S 188 
*10 103 
*8 102 
•9 99 

*3 122 . 

84 : 



rEl MME E 



Weekly Dividend 

Please make 3 note of your daily totals 
for the weddy dividend £40.000 m 
tomorrow's newspaper. 


SHORTS (Under Five 
sff' «2 Tran 3 % isog 
103 9r«E>cn I0';S IMS 
iCi'i oairTnua I2*« i986 
89': 92>-Ti«n 9'.kt 198*88 

96 . 87 .-Eicn 2.S I9H 

lOS’i 96 8W7> I4S ISIS 
uja-. «'■£«« 1? A 1987 
W- 92'.TreMC10‘.*,l987 
«<'■ 84Ve*<n 1987 

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100 K’.Traas m 1SS7 
aa'V e3r<Ti«U 9% I987 
IB2V »a Tiaai m i987 

97 eoi'T'aaa 711% isss-ss 
101 '< 91 •BvOl 10'!*« 1988 

100 90 ', Tims CO’iS 1988 
asi. 79'; Trans 3% 1978-88 
90 . fiSvTraas 9 % 1988 

10*‘< 93VTr«» If.S 1989 
102'! dOnlTass lO'rS 1989 
lOOiM . 8icn 10>>1989 
tOT'i 94‘>Ec:lr I0'<% 1909 
TO'. ra'-Exai 3',S 1990 
103'* 90'.E««1> 11% 1909 

69 ' 79 Traaa 5% 138809 
108 WsEMfi 11% 1990 

101 68 Traas C9S% i98» 
86'.- 79 Traas 3** I9S9 

iM'tlOO Traas 12% 1990 
110 99'>E«0i 12':% 1990 

88'j 7S>. Traas 3S 1890 
96 86% Traas B'.*> 1967.90 
103% BI'I Traas 10% 1990 

96 '. *'i 
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102 % *% 

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89 % *% 
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104 % +A 
101 % *'• 

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IBM **'4 

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104 % 4 Ai 105 

iao%e*i% 94 

86 '. *'i 35 

110 -% *'i 

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262 137 
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40 49305 
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• ^laipor 



Motoring hv John Taylor 

Tte latest Nissan Bluebiid 
saloons and hairh^fj iy^^- -2- ' 
nmn^ tbis ai« ^ 
amply replacemcDU for the- 
tormer and weD^estabUsbed 
Kudnrd salooi and Stanza 

te i dib a c k. they are pracursore 
of the same models tbat are to 

be prodnoed in Great Britain 

at the Nissan facto^ at Wash> 

ingWM . 00 Durfaun. This 
*green grass' site hM now been 
completed and final out whh 
high-technology machinery 
fiom Britain, maiwiafi^ py _. 
rope and Japan and the pilot 
production cars are now being 
assembled. FuO sode ivoduc- 
tion starts in July to build 
dealer stocks ready forlaundi- 
im in the autumn. 

Meantime, the identical 
modd range is teing imported 
fimn Japan, which win contin-' 

ue. to top-up domesticprodac- 

tion fetanihg at 2,000 cars a 
monui) tmtu. saA tim» ' ag- 
Washingum can cope. The 
fiKt that Nissan see sdes of 

25.000 BluelMids alone next 
year is an indication that the 
company' is broadening its 

horizons and win look be^nd 

the traditional privaxe sector 
of the lucrative fleet business. 

With a range of 1.6, 1.8 and 

2.0 litre cars pitched modd for 
modd against the Sierxia, 
Ovalier and Montm estab- 
' fishmeni, phis a hi^ equip- 
ment specification and k^er 
fuidiig, there is iittle doubt 
that the newcomer, will gain 
gromid, however ron^ foe 

Certainly Nissan would ap-~ 
pear to have done their hornet 
work very thoroughly. 
Extensive test drivi^ of pro- 
totype cars in Britain and on 
foe Continent has resulted in a 
verrion of foe car n4iich is 
very suited to our tastes and 
requirements in terms of ride 
and handling. Add to this 
acceptable looks - by no 
rneans memmable yet still 
businesslike and attractivie - 
and a high degree of^mfort 
and this 1 $ a car that will suita 
good many drivers. 

The Bluebird comes in four- . 
door saloon and five-door 
hatchback form, with the three 
engine azes, all with a five- 
speed gearbox as standard 
and. in foe case of the 1.8 and 
20 models, a.four-qieed autOr' . 
matic as an tuition. To broad- 
en the appeal as mticfa as 
possil^ the stGoon is ofiered ' 
with * a . 1.8 tuibo- 

diaiged engine developing 
ISSbha Also new for Nissan 
is a diesel enn^ car, both 
bofoes beit% offered with a 20 
litre foesel engine. 

All power tinits are trans- 
verse and drive foe_ fixint 
wheels. Su^icnsion is ^ 
independenir iisii% foe time- 
honoured and almost 

set to spread wings 

-A- •••> 4.'.*,. 

J^issas Blnebird 20 SGJ&Sidts Enropean 

Mazda RX-7: Hj^perfonnaace and good lotfics 

universal Mcnterson coil and 
strut layout at foe fiont with a 
semi-ti^og CoS qvung rear 
layout and antwoll bars on 
front and rear wheds. Steering 
is rack and pinion , and power 
assisted in most cases. 

A test drivel in the aonth oi 
France recently showed how 
acceptable foese cars ' have 
beccme to. Eiiropeu 'tastes. 
Rather like the Austin Rover- 

lefr sufficient fed for one tt> 
have ho worries about road 
conditions. If . I, as a long- 
legged Enn^wan, had- any 
cause forcritidan it was in the 
legrpom: Even with the steer- 
ing whed tilted right up, it still 
felt somewhat cramped, 
though tbemakers claim more 
room, tlm their rivals. 

With a price span fixim 
£6,499 fiw the I.6L saloon, to 

effort into gening this right 
and the RX-7 sports coupe has 
become well accepted as a 
competitive car in its class. 

T& latest version, which 
goes on sale forou^ selected 
Mazda dealers this week at 
£13.995, shows further devel- 
oimeni along inoven lines 
and with a b^d new body 
which bears more than a 
passing resemblance to cur> 
rent Porsche styling. 

While one can question foe 
f:^>. ptacti^ty of a !30mph 
coupe outside the German 
autobahnen, there is no doubt 
that performance still sells 
cars. The latest RX-7 handles 
as well as h looks and this is 
due in no small part to the- 
adoption' of Bridgratone's new 
R^l high peifonnance tyres 
as siandara. These are a 
unidirectional design, to dear 
water from the ro^ at a 
-greater rale 

' The engine is a twin-rotor 
nmt- with sii^ chamber ca- 
padties of 6S4cc eadi and 
electronic fiid injection, pro- 
dadng I50Uip at 6,50QnKnT 
this cmreqxtnding to a con- 
ventional unit of 2354 cc. The 
transmission is an updated 
vereioa of the previous five* 
wmwmI gearbox, driv- 
ing the rear wheels. The 


built Hondas and other direct .- £lb,177forthe20SGXhatdi- 
import]^ the interior is n^ier b^ ‘mth automatic gearbox 

Vitgd statistics 
ModebMazda RX-7 2+2 Coupe 
Price: %1339S 

Engme:Twin-rotor Wankel 
equal to 2345cc 
Perft>rmanced)-60mph 8.5 sec- 
onds; top speed ISdinph 
Official consumptKmrurban 
16.Smph, SSrrph 33.6mph. 
75mph 25.0mpg 
Len^l4 feet 0.9 Inches 
Insurance: Group 7 

fda^c-looking but still offers 
a hi^ d^ree of comfort and 
amenity. All cars have radios 
and most have a cassette 
player, while the 20SGX five- 
door hatchback on wiucb -I 
concentrated my driviiig.had 
central door loddiig, dectri- 
cally operated front windows, 
heated front seats, beadli^ts 
adjustable for beam angle 
fir^ a console switdi, head- 
lamp wasb^p^ front seats 
with lumbar adjustment' and 
rear seats vritb variable iake. 
Certainly, one need ^ in no 
way ha^. done 1^ in- this. 
Kudnrd. . 

On the road it felt v^ 
surefooted on both winding 
mountain byways-abd sweep- 
ing autorou^ with a notalde 
lack of noise bar a muted 
'growl, from the engme com- 
partment . on hard accdlera- 
tioEL Nissan have paid 
considerable attention to tun- 
ing; out noise and. appear to 
l^ve -been snccessniL The.. 
variable ratio, power st^og 

(the version 1 tried is 

£9,6^). Nissan should find a 


Mazda KX-7 

Despte the one-time vast 
interest in the Wankel rotary 
eimne, . pidoeered by Audi- 
NSU m the handsome Ro80 
and with manufiKturii^ fights 
sold to a diveise collection of 
automotive manufrictuiers 
Rdls-Royce to Perkins 
di^ engines, only Mazda in 
Japan hu persevered with it 
. in productioiL Along the way. 
varions .motorcycle makers 
including Suzuki and NVT 
(who are still promoting a 
Wankel eimned Norton for 
police woix) have tried the 
rotary unit. What origmally 
damned tike novel conceiA 
was mainly troubles with oil 
seals on the lips of the rotors, 
but Mazda has put enormous 

suspension uses a modified 
NfoPberson coil and strut 
layom at the front and an 
independent twin trapezoidal 
link rear suqrension u4uch 
adjusts to counteract ibices 
imposed upon it. 

To Mazda, the RX-7 is 
tecfanirelly a 2+2 to ^ 
owner it is a two-seater which 
could carry a couitie of yoi^ 
sters if the need arose. It is a 
comfrrrtable car. typical of the 
best of its kmd, with gc^ 
l^TM^ adjnsujrfe steering 
and a convenient instrument 
and control layouL Whh good 
avenge luggage qrace. it 
proves quite a Hucucal lonr- 
mg car that is rdaxed 00 a long 
dmre. Equipped to a high 
standard, complete with the 
latest Clanon stereo 
radio/cassetle with ccunpuler- 
ised ani-tbeft system, it does 
|HOve a worthy contender in 
this class, mainly for being 
compieie at the price with tte 
sole option berng metrilic 
paint fr^ a further £17S. 





STAMON (B> Sfep SUBim loL 

snoo miK nosoo. 

SHOCSVM IQ as Aee w 



COLT IQ Mo essa 

COLT (Bt OmmL £4,599. 

COLT (B) 1200 B.750. 

GALAKT 2 Litm (B) DiwneAd 


SALANT 2 um Mfflona opt 
aij.. £Sa750. 







JoiHeilalc or earUe^ 



Saplf era at IM diMDiV oen 
bin^ M«t eon law CM (iiwnce 
owdleoMi y e—laMelwnran 
dwhenrwuMi Fe>o 
ooieMniceuM end delnM^ 

(05^ 455959 






The Surrey Dealer 
VWlon on Thames 

mun 4m SALOON. 

Mw 19BC lev Gram wim 
Bin tnwtar. One OMner. 
Low (7JO0 

Btealtnt conottan. Air con- 
dclonad, Bwgiv aliflii. 
fide eavwtte. vie. 

£34^00 Offwo. 

w n sssans oera im 

•I tl SM«n dhi tpe. 

bOViM TURBO anor 

M Riec. Ice Mur iMtaUe. Su- 
pctfe CendWan M Now. l&OOO 

mHw anv. mmv eent 

S46M0 MO. Tri. 0 98970 Mg 
wRtMl/CMB. 09074 T> IAS day 

VrVMMiL MacK (Hdr^ratMT. air 
coo. — HU , mm foal. SJSOO 
MM Mdir. cowBiMMi rratnaiT' 
ry.Aai.vao r<t-084«agTOM. 

Rtack. DttuK rauM. July 19SS. 
Chniv dilvca 2 moniha. G»- 
ruuM. tAa ■*** 3X00 MMS. 
Cr.TVO. Ot-*W MVl 


19N (B) HI storm rad with 
mupioha nenor pped red 1 
owner S MmO nates 
only. £44,850 


1983 (Y) HI meiaMc sever with 
burgiMy Hoenor s need. 1 
owner. 41.000 nates & Vnrv- 
lora pncvd at £36,950. 


19B0(W)81 Model HI Sabring 
Mua (mhi magnolia anener 
PRwo ouie. Oiignei car test' 
aa Dy mour. 40JXI0 
nMes £28dSa 

Aston Martin 




•KMHt aNBeifluo cemMU 
raa SwaH tf e to i jM tRVtionD 










In artro Rlwr. only SO 
miica. MW CM £i»O0O 

Tek(02214) 66191 

AB cm • RJIA- Mory 
buH. UK sBcca. R ay m w ita 
are made atrael to ow manu- 
iMium via ttidr mam 
'dMiiHiiors wOii our aoM- 
laiwe • tor a small too. 
Approx lOS dcpoM wim mo 
aroar. Balance on eolkcnon 

Piw fcra iM Rm itoraa m l 

iiRiii miuPiiue 
01-441 2ess V ei*4ev on? 

ISa $1. THOMAS 8 CO 

NEW crmo^ 



CX 20 RE SakxHL Met Puai 
C.X22TRS Saloon. Met Paint 
C^TRSSalooci, Met Paint 
£ ESR 

CXZSCTIAoio Saloon, Met 
Pami ABS 

CXJORESahii. Air Coo 



58 01-749 6091 

Take the 
profit. „ 

on your new car 

you take the profit, 
we do the work 

MOVA 1200 SVIBia WMlB. 
Ara 16.000 mum. £3,4001 
Nortnwooa grsai 
VOLVO, Ex maararmeni can. an 
mnfirif inur mAfiieei niifiniii 
mm Tel oaa2-2S29l iwkoaym 

TVR 3SM eONV. 'B6 C CMwctil. 
Aanew bi «6iB4/ rM mm. only 
700 mlln. 3M SE featurea. 
cos ovrr KX7JOOO. baromn al 
£14,086. Tel: 00814 4903. 

tvss RMieC ROVER U VB. 

V Res. 9 deer. WniM. Btadc 
Tnin ii.ooomla.MawBaras 
£14668. TO; HawaauTM 2306 

RANRE ROVCR A Res- Oold. 4 
door, a m c m a dc . air condOMn- 
ed, radio eamene and 4 
meal cm. PAS. aoow wrwRA 
eanni locidiis, mmi caaduoii, 
S£00 rmiea only. Baraain at 
Cll.eea T elephon e 01-9Se 

TOVOTA mmo. mmie savmpe 

off IML Aup 85 Rep. *JSOO Mb. 

Stero cam. 3 Vn fidl ToyoiB 
W miain y. MM condition. 
FSH. £8.900. Tel: D1 958 
6666/4177 OSvtai. 01 202 
0006 iDayl. 

IQV. 1984181. 
Bunco ««MU. Mue hUe pIpM 
whllo, 5000 mUeo. toUl MMO- 
ry, I owrar, Ceneoure. 
C2S.4BD.. 0626 620662 

iHoniel. 0686«aoi4 tOfflca). 

V5 Aid6. V Rep. 
esooonda. vxs. eond. 8iu- 
oiel S/R. Rad. PAS. £/wind. 
C/Wch. £1.860. 01-398 7812 
mMCOT SOS PMiUlv EUBie Die- 
tH. Red. Res June 8S. 1 Owner. 
Low Mllrase. C8.700 Tel: 0*y 
0796-267DJ £yCH 0l-6e»2E05 
5URAJHI 1005 OLF. 4 wImM 
drive, estate, h r»s. fhiny nwr 
noon, power poch. lew hV. 
ITJXn muci. £36.96 eno. HI- 
SS? 6309 or 01-646 4444, 



1914 ( 

C 1 mm cm, Pobds. ar on. 4J0P.mlB5; , t A 
■ I 5281 5, BilanL dcctR; sonrool, Uloys, lnL.>E1ZJ95 
e } 32321 Meet, PUm. Lui pack. BDOO miles.etZ,385 

e ) S2IL RBHH. MHOot. gnm tni' gtaei £11495 

e ) 32M I iiHf, PtRenan, rear hnditftt. sw — £18385 
B ) 3151 24Mr, WIMi. smM. IIJU iniB......EI,4l5 

Mdel 71SU SE, ButgMiily.-b^-W I WiiRr^EIStlBS' 
B I 3231 4-inr, Damood MrA. amd.' alto)B_.EI495 

0582 576622 

A smoff Sefeefibn Anm Our Approved Used Stedi 

Phil Whitaker Cars 

iNiRr Rnm^ ar tBed. OBIX 
4BS nSliSN 



733 A 19B (V^ Aok; dr cml, 

4MCC OftS 

739 A IW PQ. XreoA 4BS; 


739 l«t n, Sipeid; Aide 
o^Vh— ly eir i* WIBK 


lllAdtl|!L4Qnn £ZAK 

323 981 (4L4W. 8MB, U 

iJRPicfc IMK 

sa A 1181(A). BtfeiPAa Bn- 

■al.*yk.lRw am 

329A,4Qor tMm 

32MA am 

SU fiUN. 

2 Ymwaan^ fffffX 



188810 BHW S8S Al flOAiqtc 
btuf/oraiOc dotn. iJKO igam 
OMy 09^996. 0371 8506 

artS75 813574(77 

886b 1982. 26,000 

manu4t oraiheygi L-endillnn 
£4.750. 0344 BBOnVT- 

mv amips All iMiMi to or^. 

3251 oeew 6(«vei^u^<» 
Tol 0287-793010 try 

teem eeo emo terr wv^*Sf 

gjjooo nlM 

dm: SShWTrobc. *1730. 

am TTsim csanMryi 


March *84. Blaciqgoid 
dscMl wBh M ALPINA (245 
BHP) epw^ hckidhig imicii' 
kn wtlDur worn i^helslry. 
Bfiupuntk- Toronto %stMn. 
TwM recMly '' renawed. 
CW^ioys imiaked wWi 
spoOMO HMrior. 


Pw draMb C8B 041 S88S74S 

AIMKA BMW B8 8,B 8C AUlto 
June 84. GapMle/wacfc 
Ro u Hoe. Pan enee -i- air -e tA 
ianli..2rj000 mUra. BMW near- 
rmy. £17.496. .-TCI m 370 
6806/351 8SS 

3881 1888. 38A» mllee.'Btodi. 
imr — — Sun .nor. AlHv 
wfteeb Many edraL 86b40tt 
Ttk SeoRiend B78Be2 - 

738 AUTDk V rap 
Riocr/bme. ' an- ceod., aooy 

worab. sini roof, w ewral ton- 

ins, eieren radM/cm--. elec, 
-irhiiin—i taxed Aup. 86. AB8 
Bo e p b ip . juBi serviced. PIW 
awMMie.4OA0einiiea. fiSJXW 

Ofio. Tel: 01-437 9311 (offleeL 

aton/srsphlM ctoiii. auw. 
ASS. fvny taaded. Bdrae mcL 

PAa Manila*! eiereo. ESR. 

alec aiv rom. renr noReis.' 12 

. nrtiw BMW -cxwndcd warranty. 

oszaeo. 06S 3 T Tiaso 

ieve/wMnd}083S eOTTSlcW). 

■MW 818 1983 8epd Heim Rad 

maw eUnv 6 auhe warranty 

ML FSH MtHiamate oeOB, 

01-731 3293 or 0686 376930 



Tnto body, fuanb nd, UX 
supplied, ddivay nnles. 
- - Bdow Lm 

. 01-942 2941. 

•22 3 Aalo AprO S3, cerise me- 
- MNb. mMciMO «toO» nnd 
baner mierler. 21,000 mttoL 

ndl AFN hHUey- new P.TOCb. 

. reem ewviee. prtvatoiy owned 

tmnmcuBir ewnpie. £ 21.000 

(Mab 01-868 3677 or .0455- 

•44 LUX HARUAL A res. Pewter 
raeiallie.' Drown iHu a Wn vm 
in ew te . SSR. POM. 2l6MO%. 
FSH. t owner. 13.500 ranee. 
£13250 01-788 1648 


BDRSCNB «ts S AUT* UK 8u^ 

'plied. 1983. WMIe wRh.BIjie 

Berber Tm. Genuine aObOOO 

niBeL FOU l avory. ToiaRvJu- 
peeb. Exeepi £>9.998 TCL'$(^- 
. 427 - 9 ^ 0 ) 

885. Jim I9ee. annac. Cum* 

Red. Sun Roof- Penraouir Sto- 

' ISO. 81.800 Mlea. £9.990. _ 
Tel: 01 946 6639 Bcleia iOeO 
am Alter ajo pm.' 

MM LUX. 1984. Guards Rad. 

FSH. 14JXX> ndiea. i owner. 

POM. Sun roof. PHMcr mves. 

AFN mmaained. mrvMea. 
filOaSD eeie. 01.441 4536 

083. 1982 automatic, ruby re* 
all uwat wtlneromto. aeJOO 
milm. FUH aervlco MHUry. 

£16.998 OIW. 7*101-348 4963 

tenml: 01-340 6820 levaL 

Sll TIRRMIM 1981. whUev *r 
con. emcme raor. 29floo maae. 
munendalr i nlm 

£28.79* Dev 04606 76944. 
Eiretowm 076» 868386. 

PORSCMK t84 V Re* iMMy. 
S6J)0O nritos. PoD aerviee Mato- 
rv. 1 owner. Pwoepeed. eleeme 
wliidaws. eon roof, toereo. 
Guardi Rod. hamacmit condl- 
OML £8.360. T*: 01 954 1411 
OMOWl 01 988 8062 tadricU. 
811 CARA out CO U PE. A re^ 
1984. euede laeaBIc blue, aonto 
alarm awcem. immacnleM con- 
dMon.' l3Me inDes onto. 
£22A00 OlHta7 8688 

POR8CIM MM y sn. June 

' 1983. BuscBw e car. eojoao 

. mOei. Mtory e/r. alloy wheck. 

dark blue, an trtm. v.g. earnm- 

non. £8300. 1*207671 81898 


04 lux. 

a8£eo raaes. w# erammiBad. 

UMnarkcR. tocdad wWi edna. 

£7,700. DoHniMly wor m one. 

top, T* 01 7M 6181. 
In Hack, aelh m v msmao. roa- 
uierod 1986 C pMia, saajoo. 

' Work. 01-619 6819. Heeat 
Reoitord 736800. cn 
SS8S Aim 1983. 1 actor ewRcr. 

rmi TbirmitHiiffMiirianni 

-leathar. Ah- con oto. rao-nn 

MarkM IterbetwMR. Lhcl 
0668 34034 boam. m 

Sll Camro Term SpocL 1983. 

C rc» PruMan. biue. '11.000 

only 0S0S'21S898. 

•HE M 1973 rar e 

lenL tow irMmHe ... . 

Oncre 0983 83389 or 08966 

TT687 • 

M 7UUSO V Rep. 
Btae, 38000 iMIee. 

. FML S/floer. inumeiilaie 
£8.996 Tbh-e2l-3e4«nt (D- 

P0R8HM 084 Nov 1979 omen 

POM 78000 ible tanm cond AiBy 

■endoed «/ratf OM £6280 dm 

««6 wlia 0808 211912 
Sll TARSA Anpm 82. V imH- 

' KfciLGumdered. mmaeuiaiL 

S4iX» mMet. Si 6d0a Day Ot • 

686 6921. Bveo 01-668 4666, 

884 18S8 V. Mlnerm Slue 

*8pedH’. iclUiWUMd to Msheat 

amoerd Os c el pRl . msne 
fi sid l tlcraSOJinB .WUmMfilf 



SaSwOamea. RaMotsd. aller 

. meaning down m bare matal 

£9960 OM. TaL 0837 890693. 

01-783 7030 «a 1773 cr Ol- 

995 6416 fii/eaiiday cveninso 

MS COLUeTM whheH to acB 

1968 MG XT SondHcr -and 

1968 MC C cr. som tawaiy 

kR lepkiBMly. Rttg P"Ra 0284 

-48587, iraakeiid / miantogi 
.0767 40 664 amreeditiirc) 

MOT. Rel U Ctoni sate. £2£00. 
contact 041-771 6036. 

ASTON MASrai' DB6. 1967. 
Him. bMsa — n— auw. PAS. 
B6J000 iWIto. S7JOOO 009. TN 
. Mr Ftodl 04837 80033 lemriu 
04862 62970 Otonwl SuTTW. 
■AMtotR Via POOPS. 1977 tSL 

«ond. 54.000 miles. MBL 
£6.780 OOP. Tel: 0833 848849. 




m5 CMpt TWiP'ramado 

Red. 8JM>0 mem. mnroH 


Fbr new QuHtoai iieitici 


(Open Sondto* 



saver. V Rea 1985, 
tinted windows. 
CBSsette radio. Taxed 
fbr 1 year 


Tal 68354 


PAS. A/cond. 

S/moL 3Sk. P«.K. OOH £16h 

new. fi9A96. AuN 8001 Auto 

V rap. e/8/RoH. 14k. PAH. 

SDver. ntoi cond, £9A9S Of. 

nee 01-674 4617 f- — ■' 
838978 anyliiiieJT) 

ato HHIRO AVTOFeb 86 X £00 
UIIM. LaMiier UWiHiiary. 
£19260 one Tck 0983483997 



• NOResAuwonaes s tax advantages • 

VtetWyRsntcfc (Ex VATI Irene 

vwMoc mnwme ta&ukancL cnji 

VWGbVC out VWMtalX f3t» MIOD £5922 
WrColGa £«!!» wrsdraencr C3U3 Andinoai €H1» 
VWPatsWe £3M0 VWSdiiicwClXEWE Aidartfco 02155 


Whitehoiise / 

fleetSerocM ' 

SlerulcHi Rood Bcdey Kent ; 



CMHtu. 27200 rnHea. £12200 

omo. Tm 0298 43821 

VW P6I.MS Rsm £3.996. Mram 
1986 rep, DHhMiy mSm oe 
only. Low nie flnincr avan- 
mm Tm opts 366777. r. 

B Ri» MUMkc Hne. Sun mar 

Camral lemdna. SKreo. 21200 
‘ mScL OoRdtUoiL 

£5200 ono. T*: 0664 601326 
day. 0672 3923 evea 
aOLF eOLP SOLF. An medah 

far env A CenveriiMes (ram 

dock, seme at pre increme 

pnea. 0688 B72182. Open Sun 

lAuUwroM VW Deaieri. 

For &u5«o Lien. 

AUM 90 1986 Rep. TMk 
HLWW, 2.000 IMIH only. 2er- 
man silver. £8.996 TeMphone: 
0332-31282 lU 

AUM SO 8P 0R T. A lap. rad. 
Unek inierwr. immacuiaie CHi- 
dtoon. 58200 mues. £ 6.000 
ono. 076361-484. 

ciy Mnoape onH- OnphUe 
Meiaibe. £15200 Telep h one. 
033221282 R3 

AUM 180 DaHvery MOeape only 
aappwre MeWHc £8-996 Teie- 
plwnc: 0338-31202 tt> 

red. UHD. Hereo radto/cmaeite 
£3200. Tel 609 6283- 
1006 ROIF cn in etoefc. axmilne 
colom. and e w r o L from 
£7.795. 10251261 4376 (T) 
HEW eOLP STPo Pim the ru» 
vw Audi range ai dtamunt 
pnees. LC.C 01-2082896 

TR8 X Reg. Red. 34200 nUM. 
enfWie 12200. £400 Hcreo. 
tier windows, e/if. drive com. 
puler. Ke warning, murny we. 
iwin SPOIL chrome wim wuh 
Mck mi* PT^ Oane Cam. 
OKannauser mwiitoM. 4 ban* 
honey. 220 Hip. 2200 rpm «i 
70 moh . Odto tor £3200 nraeih 
C OndlD OB fi4.7Sa Tal 0328 
6277D anvOma 

Apm ‘84. Dke tki r s car. 16.000 
miicL red. Hack teahier laun- 
or, et iP fib stereo. ah 
condliMiiinp, bmuUfiil ooim 
£16200. TeUOTSn 81336 H- 
flee or 10767} 80060 EveL 
FBCRRAin MOIMUL 1964. ae 
new. light meMbc ween wuh 
lan Imthee inienor. AC. CW, 
ESR. FSK OBb> 3200 mil*, 
lave £10200 on Udaye new 
pnee. fi2620a 0484 6878I4.T 
M 0I U B 3 Miner lOOO 1966 4 ar 
genuine 49000 nillM eacedent 
cendiiwn orWnai reator* bar- 
gaui 01 £1296. 01-229 6888 
AUSTW Me go. 1.3 auM. loB «r 
axirSL 3800 laSes. lady own* 
tamp ataropd. £4700 new 
£S900. 01-998 023- 


19H(B)TM»EspriL Essex Ito 
ineWie, M situ tide, simoi. ar 
taid E17,9S 

Ul hue, M condBons} pomr 

IW (B) iJBdL Pim bM. 
24,0(101810 0,225 


ZUXUoks £2AaS 

tOBS (C) ensn Visa on PWl 

gie)r.tlUBORieLfsh OJSS 



67-a fimfeB Cute, tiaka sms 

'^Brittoi Street Motors ltd. 



June 1984. 1 owner. Pun Super 
Cover to nua 97. immocuieie. 
£11.960 Tefc 10689/ 23391. 
RAHOE ROVER. 1994. While. 6 
door. 6 iPeed. 21200 ipHcl 
FSH. Very good condition. 
£9.996 ono. TeL- 089 476 281 . 
cond. 8 ra sed. B rep. 12200 
raiL amoM now. eewine eoeid. 
£11260 090 01-686 648a 
na CIS TWM 95 B Rep. 4200 
imca- £7280. 0202 744248(7) 

IS m E Idle tack, o-sw Htom^ 

UL MM XLOQO nmi nusC 
II I MTlt TkdlL M EM "«P- 

turn CEUIL . 


M'a sai HerniMl a hm t7jM 

■I A HI tod 4 UOO fld*. 

SmIM 7 XCT 1 Eb. 









Manual and Automatic 
immediate delivery 

V 01-9540077 j 

lUe. RHO. Choleo of 12 
immacuiaie esemplei. 1974- 
1986. Ruip 04666 4671 Ittr 
6eueis Men-Sal. 9 • 630 
AUDO 200 luH micetion 4 door 
soleen meiailir Hue A rep- mv 
macidMe eonditlon £7000 ono 
Ph 01-640 3961 eed 204 Mr D 

8H. 1984 16.000 
iMicL bhie/sllver. warranty, 
laxod. aieeBie windowL A> 
New £6.300. 01-643 3666 
VOLVO 760 GLC. anionwtir. 84 
model. 6200 mil ee, hiU hiiury. 
air COIL E/roof. E/%vBdowL 
aitoWL £8.7aa Ceatoone 
10883) 84S979.T 



VW Polo 



VW FeSSlt 0te8 

pgr vfc 

F«a Firsn 


Audi 80 


VakIuK Novi 


BMW 315 


flev Ford Escort 


Reuult 25 n 


VW Cou 


Audi 100 


Ford Sierra l-K 


MorcFdH 198 


Viu*0li Cm 1*5 


Audi Quatlre 


3 year coinracis for ftusuuoi users, includes oil senlemc, 
oil repairs, all repbroment parts, bteai’do*ii recamry 
nembersiiip, repucement vehicle 3 ir. RF iicMce. 

All uakes A audeis allied. 

on 200 3033 



For example: XR3i for £39.99 per week 

With fully comprehensive insurance fee- £6 per week. 





BUSINESS LSERS! ^Ne cater formal whether you tequire one 
vehicle lira im fleet Chi the fri] I range of Ford cars and vans, 


Forfuftiierin&rmationring0k441 9141. 




. CotPMoM Baraa/' 

Oiaihpaone 8200 mO*. 
1984 (OH) BaHtag DgM (in- 

WiM m UgM Qyftra/Tan 

intaner 8200 mvaL 

Tek Ron Norton 

0202 570575 




Oufc Blue pfcC 1 owner. 
30,000 mite a p pro x . 
Fleme pbaae David Addas 

01-574 5678 
or 0836 212343 

rOK IMFUSB or enrald oTtor mU 

Laurence Kayne the Rons 

Royre and OenBey raeciailit on 
01-499 9981 9»lce noun. 



au Cm raww snver sand. Numa amne HMaJO.OOOnuHTJtoO 
849 saver swrii. Ke Crecn. Bnge Hue. FSH. i9.a00m.C4M60 
UW Stiver Sow. Exeicr Blue. Sewe Hmo. FSH. 26200rajCltA>M 

saw siher wraim D. Willow. Com EUwwD Hine20200m.«si299 

TTSSUverShne tow. S u/Mlnk. Blue Hide. FSH. 6720anXl«,i80 

nOL (oaaa WSMA. foadrae (SMM 91180 


lS7t samav TX. beige 

buenor. 69200 mHea. 1 owner. 

very good conduiea. £16200 

dne. 01-839 3301. 

SHAOOWU 1961 wuh wieghone. 
st ofTwraaac 90a gmaie No 
ICON. £29.000 TH OI 603 
9269 anytline 

BOnUT T. 76 R. 

S9200 IPlL FSH. Monand/- 

Beige. £1 l.96a 0626 31876 T 

COXIseilE ConvaittHe. 72. i 
oumer. HWery, £24.960. Or 
764 9999/ 668 8160.T 



PflUtoe condRloA 
CtorH Heim 
39200 mb. FSH. 6 mm 
ee aiiani y ramalning. Pri- 
vale sale. No 

•r 8348 418971 

19SX (pnvaie NiDnbcr) Sliver 
Sptrll In Oiebniit rmuHK wWi 
brown hide. 40200 mile* FSH. 
QpM Mrani. New cm arming 
hence: £28.600 Tal Eva 0472 


1976. I 9 enb 6 made. SUver 
mini /Hue roM/IMenor Full 
Weber tonneau cover. 60200 
nalea. Service HMory. Superb 
car £U.60D TalOI-6S94l49. 
1978 MW SDSL Snadow II 
CMvaraon Hwory. Low mUe- 
ape. Urpmi fiance CBASO, 
0296 3 777TfT) 

X IS HE 1984 laeeo mb only 
F/S.'H. ciarei/bMcun. one 
owner. 1 yr warranty. 
C15A9S RMnaid Moian OBl 
6a3 3336 

JAGUAR *2 1983 Air-con. 
B S R.oneowner. 19.000nito. 
F/S-H t yr warranty. £9.998. 
Richard Motors 02i 643 3336. 
JAGUAR 4.2 1984 One ractHlom 
Owner. F - S - H. IS200 mb. one 
yr warramy. £11.496. fbehard 
Motors 021 643 3336. 
Mraee of 46 whole ranpe. 
fi4,995-£l9.000 Bet 19 yean. 
PX. Tel Ol 664 9833 Em ex (Tt. 

urgently. *09*0 Buyer* 01-629 

0670 omoe hoinvlT) 


A Rag May 1984. ifluooo 
MlleL Lapb Shie Oaam 
LaaSiar.' Air caodHkadns 
Oec front leaL llratad frotrt 
and rpar aeaiL Dee aramef. 
1 9Biile 

TaMesaZTSll Bushaun 

avaaahle, CHI m now. Stole 

AWenmlib Ud. 0203 BB27S7. 

0 V SBOr BMM. fvacy win 
ngM Brown MraMr. MSR. 6 
- enead. Rad/CaM. 22200 mika. 
Mtrcadea service. VCC. CSjaOO 
ono. 0835 36336 mya - eurape. 
an Mickamg Mngr. 

K *8* EM SL Signal Red, Cresn ctatti, r/csss, LOOOm-:^ — ^ £28,» 

82 T 2MISE Ivoiy/ftovnii velour, ABS, w/w, ESI^ rhr, r/cass. 46J)00m£13nB . 

83 ‘A* 3DSE Thistie/Cream ctotti. ESR, alloys, r/cass,.21.000ni €16,758 

84 ‘A’ 280SE Diamond Kue/Blue velour, ESR, r/ca^ alloys, rhr, 29,0l)0m£18n5 

84 ‘A* 388% 'nasda/Green dotti, ESR, cruise, r/Dass, 16J)0(kii„..LU. €1^W 

83 V Lapis/Blue vakwr. ABS, r/cass. Chrome w/iwdiBa,»JK»ff^^ 

M 500SE Black/Craam leaflw. iJHinsffi corw, 

f/5 15 , 00 l)in. — — — iWW • 

Simpson's Ganges (Beztey) Ltd. 

-BfDadway . BaxleyheMh . Kent (JL) 
Tek w-iM-iiei * 

SBOSEC 84(B) Oteond Uhl Hb Wte. W MOL ESMO 
230GES 83(V AIM 8te, iNldp to Ote UOill.985 

500SEL 83(V} ClwiGWik igM Mton iwnir. A/a AB&S21 J95 
280SL 8<(A) AsM AW. gnr doth, nr suL c/c flBD|isEa.99S 
38IBEL 8509 toMoH tot. UR Wto. A/C. AAS.. 

A ■ ■ RR’BiW Ste spWL CoiMoH, belgi tone 
mm FSH ' - t29;aas 

2ME B4(A} iny. an. anmt. FAiUlOMS 

K *8* 50QSEL Snwte/Hfflna leaUwr, total R)ec,'inc sMr^ spoSws, erteo^ 

M *fC T9PF TWstle, ESR, eM nHoys, f.aj^ r/cass, 14.8l^~~€11i9M 

©.‘C’ IM 5^ hrpfy. D & W Skhte S sppilere, coL epd^ lowereds^ ■ 

rjlOQin ^ ■ 

8S 'B* 200 Nautfc/Black doth. ESR. far., r/cas$, I4.000m...... — .....£10,495 

.-T . 82 Y 23ME Thislle/Green doth. ESR. «ulse. r/cass, 37,000in£L995 
ijjt gytf Aiitn hwy/Henna doift. ESR. RHR, radio, MJWOmSO^Sfi 

SBSSi; 85(5) ' Cine WtHs/teyLgMier SjOOOioEStLSSO 
"anSB. B^ AsMSHm/BtoMoui SajOOmnSjSD 
280SE 84(8) DapSto/Bto Valour l4J)DOn«ia350 

2I8E 8S(B) Mingu BhWCmm T« ii.900inEi5iS0 
28BTE 85(8) SionI te/Cmn Hide ia01)On£178SO 
2361E 84(A). MdnignBto/BraM doth SIlOOIM 9.99 


Safes: Mayfair 01-493 7705 / 

CbelMa 0i-3S2 7392, 

-Service & Paries WsNdsworlh 

0 : 01-870 9811 0 

230 TE AUTO 

1914. Abaohudy 
late. Steal nd/Maek kaiber, 
PAS, S/R, E/wndows. C/U 
W/W. e totao, 25 JOO indeL 
Merc miiittiiigd. 


Ktel 0277 822318 
aj.S30 642S 

229 BE eOUFE SUnH red/un 
doth aim. eb UiR emfooFand 
aec cBB Ofie e . a9ey %i»heab. Tor- 
oido eierao. axed. Lbt oner 
£19209. brand new, nelivray 
iMHape only, unwanted conge- 
fMon Prtee. tramednie eade 
£iB.7Ba Hiakley lOesSi 

.... ■ ■ I as V mg.. 

Mabo red. beige imenor, HI ex- 
tras me. ABS. CMC. windows. 
waah/Mae and aeriaL Oind 
row Saab, gunraer. etc PrMlne 
rand., ftdl Mere, sen Ice lilH» 
ly. a5.0fxi miles. 1 owner. 
£9.800. 023066-666/836 

alto time. 

89eSE Sep 86. C Rep. 24200 
Miles. Met suvar. Bhw Vhmk. 
htiaceuiaie Ebes/roer. Otara. 
ABS. Sueeo ms. Dec 04eH 
and h-res. £19260 ovno. Ttl: 
0949 *3 096 teas gvea) or 0476 

mmammo 200 AUTD igSSryt 
Harvest yeltow. PAS. one lady 
ewnto. Onto 9.900 i ndea . per. 
lea comutlea C8L996 0571 
2806 or 0576 S13874JT) 

480 SLC, unmoeidaie. blvra. 
FSH wim main dealer, 9 3200 
iMIes. ak* cond etc. £8.280. Tel 
021-440 08SO anyinae 

208 T ESTAlb As new, show- 
room condition. Very low 
imbooe. ManuH. FSH. l own- 
cr. Idany ranxn. £7260. 10797} 
210613 iColehcetcr. E m ov l 

•■AMD NEW 230 E Auto. Hac 
euMbol /windows etc. £17280 
ono tor qtack sab. TM: 01- 937 
3031. Ol- 937 9391. 

see sc 82 V. 43200. pecrel Otoe. 
vHour. EW. ESn. ABS. CC. 
AW. RC £12.96a 0836- 


EXF ONT New Mercedes Bens, ad 
medeb • worldwide. Contact 
Eoorl Sales 0203 SI6I1. 

LHD 190 O/E 1986. cnoKe of 6. 
eoeri or UK use. Itom £7,700. 
01-328 6881 '468 46IO.T 

HEW 9 0RCEPE 8. SMW (torn 
£58 p/w. Mob meaeb 0953 
76099. m. 

SOO 8CL. 1985. 30200 mOes. 
immaculate. £17.760 ono. 
Tebphone 0643 49t4n. 

209 MB' V Blur Iramac. ^JOOO 
lids one owner FSH £6760. 
Oxted 3104 

3tOSC 1SS3 MugoncM Brown. 
pnaUne condllien. Fiat 
Mercedes service hMoiy. 1 
6%ener Air cond. ABS. Ebc 
windows, Utoy wheels. w_/- 
wwe. TRb or b » lOg? 
condition DinMteuuo H P» P^ 
cis.46a ponaraauoi iOT^ 
626137 rom. 399600 lEvW (T> 

AMG ISO SCL white. InO Mm. 
Long WheH nose. Pitvab rep. 
99S6CO 6320 miles. £12.980 
ono. TH. Ol 739 93*9 «day>. Ol 
281 4177 leve). 

230 C AirTOMATK. A Reg. Red 
2*200 miles. ESR. BM. ADoys. 
elec tBirrocL DcceOcnt Coodi- 
Hon £8.996. Day 0322 66aoa 
eves/wfcend 0268 413672 

380 SE, smehe BHvar. as new. 
Auem *88. 6200 mDcs. ASS 
brakes. a.C auperier etefeo. 
£22.752 TeL P. Ceaur. Ol 840 

(lU Laab blue. 
Aide. Sim roof, oube i 

TE 11 

■ rcnirol. 
Altovs. bnmaenlBte. 1 ciwiier. 
40200 ndm. £12,982 TeL 
0*42 iHottl 833319 

190 C. B reo. excHieni eeodmon. 
13.000 miles, mao, BSR. mM 
silver. Btoupunki rad/craa. 
£1 1200 ono. Tel 01-937 3031 . 
or 01-937 9391. 



pm-aie purchner 

£ 8200/18200 each (or nght 

carTet: Piumiree (06077) 6*34 
gac RUT All new or deuvery 
mueage Moroedee Benz. Cad ue 
NOW 0203 662787. 
MCWC EB E S 289 8E 78-79. 
Phone DiGlin 0001 600868. 

Jj^inar & Dsfitider 





nimXXliS^IlZ'CaMolaLPflteggreon/cloeTian air 623395 

8eindLXJSVCCHl^letSl(iiMOOC5iiiaeii.HWlW £23.795 

as (C) xjaaaCRiwobt RtKaiuiitfisB. obc. h w/w. ar £19.795 

BS (q X3S 33 gMdolat TudBr/pGwme. Oea H W/W £19.795 

85(B)XraHqraondtoLS4(to/doestog.OBC.aa'.6300iiib £19395 

8SlB>XJ^C86nolBtHh(giiin/bBOU)BC.HW/W.3300«fte £18.750 
m (ni T n 1 ft rnruiriyit iv^fnnnin cyr 1 1 Minfif i fwnmin nr395 

85(B)TWRXJS)C.Bbck/d6lb,aKcna9e.7'foDin(s £22395 

86mdLXJSV12.Sieet/saidle.a£i8w».allovSi'i £23395 

86nim.XJSVI2.BlaeKigoo5l>m.aKenfcBallovg £21395 

86ntoLXJSV12Sage/doeslan £22395 

88mdLXJS33.CaDalV(loe8lon.ESn.HGfnMOBC': £18395 

S8ri0.XJS33.Rr«GuinAsa.OeC.HVMKleHiHr. S £18395 

85(B)XJSHE.Rlioi*aii/,aws«dL000iiib. v. £19395 

8S(B))tJSHEReaewdoeskm.aloys.orase.li20amb. ... £18395 
B5(C)XJS33.SebnngNioeStin.aioy»ak%D00nii6 '1^... fil&49S 
85{B}XJS33.1udw/S6.0eC.HW/WaKlMOOin«-«,'A.. £17395 
84 |A) XiS H& Raong green/ODeiKm, sr, cniw.' i^OOO nte- ■ E15395 
84(B))US33.SebnnBteck.OBC.H.W/W14300M» '. *& £15395 
83(A)XJSHE.H7ncfcumfl)]0pmb £14355 

*.. •.'* 


86mdLSna4fPteA2.'lUder/»nUt)4frvL3r ESR. . . . 


88 md. Horarelgii 43. Oarai/ascurt. ak. aaovs ... £19395 

85tBl S o»»tomg n HE.Sa06/6O48tan.ESR.alt0V9.7.000ml4. ...£18395 

86 (B)SawerateA2.Sagh'ooe6iim. 80.811079. 6300 mis £16395 

B5{ffiSovwete43.CobalVdo«ljn.aF.aloys. tZOOOrns. . . .£16395 
as (B> Oovareian 43. flegeni/dODBlnn. ac allovs. 1S OOP mb . ..£15395 

84 (B) govetaran 43. SKwraandMoe.. nr. aiovs. 7300 nds £16395 

84(B)SowaRteH9-Ra99nvdoeshm.Ete air.24000m6 .. £14.995 
83(Y)IMnilerDoutd9StaVORCobaViS5.Fu(SDec t8300fiUs £12395 
82pqXJ12HE.Paniandt)ogert»imiyBaESR.2l300mls £8395 


fkWf mRAfflME'AGDfT )AGU^ 


HnxSHETWlFrfbedvM vid vAeehend'Vig ij p ratd 
CMMmeraianad t ewngwW M i S4)egHeii.ilMnM louiewee 


aniQXlswcebnebLihgenigrav £33845 

SSaadM.USvn.CaBi.acv«n eDOOmiK ewran 

HIQXJSHESaeoyem ESR eooamar. egjtnn 

45(C)IUSHEaM>.iaMc ^OODiidK G2LSM 

81 WUSHE S /GeifftlBl* ijiwciea* « MOmtoS £12.500 

Ifttn wrillftnifififnlnhit "iDint-miirrmir iminiidr 


MtqLBiCSiigeentoudDeda lOOODiMes CU395 

M(B|X18)|e«nnlao«tw»eke< ISOOOmtos. nSAH 

nuSHE«ihm>MGk.craic« hwjw i^oaOrdebOra 
enrar C1L850 

SS(e)IUJULERaaratoSaCbu>l<dara>e>9a00ei*s CSSMS 

a4(4)DAaR£R43«eeoiHClaielsMl7000adM £14345 

OS PcL IQ JAfitMH Seiara4a VtLCtoei-deadwi 
00(0 MfiUM8oriiitgn43 Cranbaiy.'doedm 
0MSaK42C>ai«Mnv<dK GilOOiides »sil/E8R 
84 1*1 •neiM Sex 03 CobHibaail OU nues 
n JAGUM 43 fetogn barabaad or coni 72000 mm 
any .0350 

85(8)J«BIMRa4Rrqef»ofev«e<(kr nODOodbESR CtUOO 

ttmiMouinao ergghr i3ooodi«s ckaso 



ThsJubSee XJS, Ihe Jaguar 7-ooator 26, 
the 8-seater 6 dc Range Rover, the hiH 
W Jaguar dsmo fissfc AB on visw now 


OSSdtOiMmiobRAwHwrayftawsEBOaPi AOuy 
SaenMdenKi 4300 mbs (Mr thsuraumwiBBieeiMisne 
rnDM oOeiead . £27300 


LOODiMa G63S0 

es RAHOE nOHBl Wagra aims £ B ICQ Sud mmud 
CigmeraMrae £H3S5 

MmfllMGEBOIMilbgiieAste Ibmsbe TSOOOnbs 
OnoMira £11350 





Seiviee: 01-398 1 

81 nouaaonz SlrarSpak LGV ocean Obe one OMSf FSH 
3*000 ndu £29350 

■.piMlbiag es 28000 mw . . IM350 

rw-aoR doOfl osttoLABaorEanw bbLaemfeagpom wcraecDBa. 

WI-9909AAA rae BBieai i tope Hft 7000 BMa avy and 935 IS next 

Com 13*000 raeiega. . . 0«3U 


Overseas Tvavd 


^Tcb2S£^ ^IS255 

°*" *"**-T rmrum^ ^^ 

^9 doooaadadinidms 



MIS, •nwuamr swss 

^ iHwe Meb fOr ttKSf Bud ■■ 
ttnb* M vHb. TM: «Sl 
sns, 657 1716. AS IMor 
crwltt a nti. 

"■■Mlt Car MV ws . Cm^ 
an ri M i i eo. omm. lm mu. 
An otMBv MM WO, an 
66l6/aa8 0«96 

ViMR* FOB AHT EVniT, cab. 
MwlW it En Omk. La sat. 
AS oican mm aom. 
T^an -6616/080 oiwi. 

AA / VM / DtaMM. 

Mwiinniini aw «*«( sk 
CH i. Cownt Ota. SBftMM Ba 
ei-eaa ists. mar ««« 

! ««y day mar w* bam. 
I: 01486 6306. 
ittn/nnzeBi. coacMs. 
. CU you bw dmytff B 6 
Ud. 01 329 19«7/84de. 

Mb iiwsiimiiaii nanaiit 
daa Gond. Caas. Cn ar- 
m atawiy. oi-ass oiaa. 



uunr IMVBM wHbB to AbaoK 

a a (toe par «t UftybBui l 
CiaOt OB w vo d CenaM bWw 
Eto wuMi P caned, ma irtilw g 
patar df labim. SKrillR K ea* 
ilwt. SaemI ottiiilil rna. 
redBO uuld yjrlcM. 01-730 6657 

unnr mnn 1 nMd eoe ocb 

lor 19T4, isVBHid leeacPMe- 
dDe eayt. T«L 681 

iBOscn. 41 Office mm 
646 MBMMnn paM tor ftaM 
Dototoa Flotoea. DeaHea Aat- 
nab^wantod. 01-391 3606. 
SMMise jm o«»Mdi. daeaMB. 
atuaw. Prhaie conaoar. Tb. 
0897 466600 ML 






Tap flea aMed cemfatoe 
wdb ciwrtea (unittobv. 
B aa c iQ ua lecepOon rm. Roar 
Tcmea 3 bM«ama. 
Awaddbto 1/3 yon. 

01 22t 3500, 

bia todraoQb. 2 baaneob <1 | 

oi adao nanmm ' 

LobO leL Obmaotoa ead'. fisro 
par w ebL Tebibeae; Oi-SBi 
2938 13 ooMlOpia 

MesiUH, HRld. 4 bed 4« IM 
M MWy vWtT»ee Pay dBiBtoB 
■gags CMM. Wffi nsnShwi 
Of. todwie edm. £B00 axoa. 
Cd V ■ bady M aaw. itodae 
0462 79466 evea. 


Save with Swissair^ 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
veoienl afternoon 

And daily rooming 
flights London to 
iexcept Sundays). 
Book and pny 14 days 
before departure. 

St^ in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival 
Sbnilar savings also 
. froin Manchester and 
Birminghaiu direct to 
Bookings and fuD con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 01-437 9SS3. 


130 J«rmrn 5lr«*l 5W1 
Schadu(«d Flight! 639 71*4 
ludget Flight! S39 7146 



Mr iitMtoiB 



h L 

b I 




•Dhboes is DOC inftakius but 
He can strike anyone. It is ^ 

. kniidie but we caiT Qgla 
die dans^ and suffaii^ it 
can eaiae-eveqr ye ar mote 
dBQ 1.500 dddien dev^ 
( ti a b e tt s. the Wdto disease. 



•van. 6 nod. tor dblOMab, 
ecacuiMM. LoM 6 AMR Ml to 
■D araaa. LWrbM 6 Oa. 48. 

■MTPAffi Wl. Lm VC nat 2 
bwbiib. tana racto. FVMy 
* aMp * 6 Jaoapw. SMrt M. 
ei 429 2646 (H. 

awi t b a toeaw BM to bcbrt of 

niidirn Ttimdimrfini-nlInHi 

rear ton a ea . ei2epw. Ooota 

n-eae aaei. 

Here low-cost ffights 
via more rotries 
to moro desthiations 
than any ottwr agency 

- Fhst, 6»^ Mgh-iaeh 
larvtee • RacwiirhlwMt 
hotel a ear Mre pats 
• ^ to 60% Aceums 
OpM 9-6 Mon-Sat 

Inwwnteithin, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchmgeb 
Hap I Book Shop 

TairAe^ »j\bir Iffly g/ 



10 Queen Anne Street Lonion 


ffC OMMnNa 

of people need I 
^^helpto I 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 

Ibu can help Ui to replace 
fear and deapatr mih and 

di6Bi9 lor so maiijr, bjr making 
a legaqicovanaH ordonaUmi 
Pkaat Gontoo UB for debili 
of ptoinem ctMd aww at 
Tbe NaOonal SocMT lor Canev 
.LondanNWldQljkl-Ol 402812S. I 

Cancer Relief 


I AadnUHr 4<uu9aM«<v Caof 4eM 


linnr6TdWI,9 to CnBMtdto oa 
MMCh IVSI. HHnv nobtrt 
Hum aod Cbhenn* Mw 


AmOVmUTE Mrttaday onw- 
inaa to T«ny Otfo too Gmkioi 
ton dm. 

TABOMN 6UJMN b tontadOMo 
on uaa Ov m Pasr 04 Spctoto 
ELB. M T. 


Rtorot ivae KJuraedH mtt 
Jaan uwia uivrtea to LaMoa. 
Tim ava Ova 4l 2 TWbat Ham 

Londonb naiHag siadiMS to 
new MKl raatoiad ptonoa. tor 
toe In gib gcnMe iilBcaBS 
aragatb, 30g iniiinsii Rd. 
NWS. 01-267 7671. Fiaa 

S eaiMto bw ca utra i nmdK 
hapraacmcM Oeana. 23 
Paibibi St. 8WI. Ol 83a 

Laodan** laadtag yirmbl to 
newandrijtoii.iili<MiuiPa Bu 

AacU 1906. ContoGl MDIm 
FM aAHAueenmnmei 22i 

NR SACS Spmar rangM a^ 
naciiva mmo. niea anwd. 
£286 ana. 01-886 8682. 
MU. Plano Wwtd. aceeMbtoto. 

I im iiid ialilf 

prices, ones iBSa 


Raamogap. Ltoia 2 bad lot Sac. 
Ol. AvaS 4-6 until £260 
Weakly, nwoe aov 4Pa«. TR 
Ol 937 440B. 

NEHHISfOII, Imga 8 bad hs 
SM. Ol AMSa 46 WcRb £280 
Webdy. PInm atov 4PM. Tb 
01 937 40051. 

El, OoRriirBbla. 8 ba dr a amad 
OdL Am tor 3 Manitaa lb 
JWy. £178 PW. Tb 788 7779. 
dble btona. Inob Ksa am 
26/3-10/6 £160 pw 402 8360 
near Stoam Soihk. AbSao- 
wiMtn LM 01-681 aooexn 
unuav ai Rw ci a puivb. 

cenmi LoMtan mn £326 aw. I 
Rtoa Town Har Ajdto S73 6483 

I in Bigg, nnibiifti bnaa nov 

maamarfrhto ^ffi|| mbAB to mto CMffiffi 

HorUngtani Ctabm^hdia. 2 
Bade. Raom KR/Dtov. AS 
M. £166 pw. Tb: (laO 736 
1076 or 381 8886. 

OCMR AmsMe abadto bOte 
n a id di biai oT deoUe baton, 
iMBuui A diantae im. Uvaly 
Ww ar aalimy A aea. amn or 
im bw- A wbdiM 8RN. 
Phaiw Smtai 0897-22451 



Le^ie Prapei^ I 


duaenovaa. v.Lp.-a A obetoi- 
Un. Far datoBa Muma (0900 

AROaaiRT TRACaa iy BrmtoT 

KeuatoatoR. CM TV saiar SUM. 
UK. ODOtoMbto Apia SIS 6306. 

*r Mm aart. Loaay a bed 
fwv nmdbbd iwieaddpt ar 
para. Ol S78 6306 CD. 


TR8I *86 to bmr im wito two 
aitaen. nor M 2>L o/r £62 
P.W . tod. Tb 382 8188. 

CMKIAU. 2 Pnt F or yoaop 
condt to abna aaneOia roan 
to btoCMoB nbNenacto. AU mad 
oab. Baobbal bwuBtot. £38 
■R nw. T« 882 3932 aHV B. 

bwn a raanlo a 8 b«d Oac. r/L 
«dL £4240 pv wato ad*- 
baa. DnoK CSTa 736 9488. 

naan. £60 pv wfbL n 
^lO axa. md 6-7 

G. Tb Ol 

tog ealMia gMm to Oamman. 2 
dbto betooent bUtog/dinng 
num (gad log BNL tocae bbh- 
raan. « man garden. 

£220 pw nao. Tel; (toy Ol BBt 
2216. Eva 01 871 0119. 
DbutMAd mala, own aMvmee. 

2 bana. bmno/dlalnp n£ kHeto 

■n iW Ml bam rm wtOi buawv. 
Avau MW lang MC. £200 pw. 
Mialwlb Ol 681 3216. 
RAMFSTEAB tunny nooaa dear 
totwatti 2 batonana-onaU gar- 
den. w a nwany hd u r b e w ad. 
£160 P.W. Pnane Otms 7443 
tfiMayt; oi-72a o»72 


Qidb apv ramflaL 2 dM Uedi. 

3 baina. mami nnL prtwato 

BwatoL MRto lac. mu.s. 
na twM . £I 98 PlW. 022666693 
ar T94 8991. I 


Ann. 2 toto. rHidnH/aaibtu m. 
kit. batom. £166 yw. Co m 
oby. aanraed EaiaH* 788 
8 866. 

HBJBHniRi Owaan fpodoiM na- 
ttod taM. Nr.Tnbe4/4 htSm a . 
too wdh toaaly vlawa. Gm CH. 
RFbcina om.jeaBOPLWjoi- 
6 07 1349 . 

MUIBIIM SPbCtoW patod 
boaaa. ito. Titod. 3 bbr b46- 
raaaa. 8 nova, to* ML eanuL 
lar atodto abSi tobSy alawd. 
Cm CH. & Ndna daidbi. Oto 
raae. £330pw. ei-607 1349. 

nsva amaed tor bwrt V lom 
Itto. Ltopa boda. bnaadma 
dbhwnr. OB m- MMnb 
Hatbary. Mn auaud Cod- 
nnea Ltd. Tb MASS 8618 

★★1ST CLASS** 
n siwer * * idBouM * 

*ra[lH * dr ensBMB* 

* MBwr * * MejdX * 
dJOBK * * smuci* 


* RJ R R FuaasR * 

* MBK R dr HRIO * 



RR anw MiBRi RR 
* im R USI R USA RUM * 

SUNreOIIU)7*AVB.(B8n> I9cn 
S9 9oB(h Sl ^aon, Swio 
(01137) Z7S3^S3Dmi(KV 



aitoy an 01-794 0706. Lmny 

In fML £196 pan 8 
870 2S19 euMlBia 

and affleiwdiy- ACmvE- 
MEITTS (I961> LM.. HBrlbiMa. 
canmbuiy. mbm cn bat 

Tb: 0227-462618. 

CMUMK evw prttobinnbto 

DetoBR 01-880 2989. 
ffiBtliiBin co^Ainr tovne 
auONn to anbndi nunaalpa 
an any wwitt tflenen v nen- 
fleoen) litniiiiruL 

rroauedena. I MHdtan rm. 
Lnien. Bade U2 OAF. 

Tb an'dnw oi 349 9978. 
WBEIffiilBF, Lorrar j j lWT Iig t , 

araf f eat tow n/a 
DM. CH, warn awe 
gtoi. £196 pan at 
2 819 (aa aa). 

IPAFF8IB coHianin 
Brina Ubd VMat t 
piraan i w a i a to n 

aban MX flak «WB IN 
CJf., 9dB. CM low 
P4jn . ooLTM 660 I 

IM tor 1 touanL Ot 

ne ui a. eaopw. oi 

aaoN tob 

tor e/r to 
n. eri TV. 
A 01-870 

leng/buM Ma. nvib, ntoth 
web. GcnbM anaa. Rtno tor » 
canpuiMd Mdno bd. 

■WT. PnHy bn wbb epac 
aocen. Bb IwH. rac. Iga 
Ui/dtav. 2 beto. 8 babb. nMk 
V iNL w&di.diw. Oo W 1 yr 
*. £800 pw, WreiMB WBbL 
730 3436. 

4Q16) 23 Ab U iadOH Hand. Lan- 1 
6eR W8. Tb: OI-8S8 KUl. 


DHlB.8oahcaBedcAM IM 
nmKnc. Tb: 01-685 0148 4r 
01428 2716. 

■BMCOLAIB 2baa Web loma 
21 CWNant Orava. LandMi 
SW4 7AF. 

Tatar June w m wiv Ito nm 
pricn. 01 699 719a 



wic m dBa Co riHinigM . 
Upv bolrei BShnffi only 
fiB.96 pgr 02 yd + vat. 
WM mix Beraar oopMs 
418 wMe l l tj g hn BmM 
£4.36 par aq yd -f VAT. 
Picaang Qodi. SM. 


Fkaa naaoto • BdPert flUag. 


18 cant <a«eer qnartz. 
day date, dianwod nu- 
KMfals. supeib 

co ndW on . , _ 




ObMior mnwracna byemrf 
av 4WB crMMMB. Anmoc 
i7Ui and iBto iiMunr r^m 

laip 809 anki bonv/Obbbn. 
cotoM Lendon. 01236 0879 
affio* iMim 

CLAPbAM anr P 26f to biaiv 
lane kanny baun. £170 poa 
4X0. Tab Oi 422 8884 wvaal. 
matoBURv preiiM miag 

mmadApaeJMJee raaMAH 
modxeasJMSpw 384 iTsa 
nivbla AiM. Mto m to ipvato 
p/henc flac. £85 pw toe. Man 

to m anw. Tb 439 6391 X 227, 

M4 O/R nnba>n mmoi luc. 6 
nan rend aaiy £ao n.w. ei- 
499 8444 MfllCe brdl 
SKfnor. Prar m/o. Biara nnc 
Caotglan nak O/toaMng wa% 

£200 pen me. Tb Ot 888 3602 

saopw toe. 870 9108 aw 
8W at. QMrt pnr F Mr anao 
Tuom In Diaaaant lUC. N/ S. 
£3880 pw toe. Ol 008 MlB. 

Ine. Ol 936 0292 
BU. toma rn. n mbs. A8 mad. 
ceab. tor £26 a 14 hn. aMXV- 
larlak SMl pt-tbav. 486 9289. 
«M. O/r to bivag nn. aan- nr 
Mw. Prof RcnoL MCPFI t 
ggon pan UO. ei-9P8 9688 

cnra i bp sabMp gand andxy 

CnDNl g d bM ild m fpr — " B f Hf 


areuSA SW3. nw Staana Sa. 
Newv wlnblbiaa 2 bad AM. 
Uae ar cennnbi otobMk cn Mr 
£2 60 p w tod. CH. Tb 
4098237/ 388 6388 

laige nbpg nan. deublt bed- 
ream. picby I dndbbil. CH. 
£148 pw Tm 0783 882882. 
BAY B W A I ER. Lax a/C gndm 
IW In quid aquare. LoniBd 
Mi/dtav. 4H b e toui . dk T.V. 
£130 P.W. 221 08Pt. 
B ERFORD MRK EM. 8 bed. 2 
baOi liomMMdm. OV a u td 
parMna. £480 pw. ca ML 
Wnlbahr 01 788 2122. 

C LA fW i bin laiu ei n iidbNatn’ 

dot Oak 6 mlna Wba. ana 
deObM bid. dk filOOpw. Tb 
Bt-682 0289. 

CLAHIAW rmanixbUi baaup 
nil 2 bfd, lm flb an qulb rd V 
titoa. nod onahwa. £100 pw. 
01 720 0999 

lauMBMnai A 


dgud wan aarty Engm 
AnsMan (undtur* and iM* 

mSEbam a bnin e.mnyjbf: j 

■ r — »M ani nriipiN* 

WLITU ffieSjWMl » I 

bans BWI.01 2SB 



SwtorttoJniBAMHtcaMM- : 

Ban. Vdn*d M £6.00a MW 

accM dfton anund ^8^ 

wM anbMw nm m Tb. 
Babmab (08W 8 
12 n wMe W8HO carbib 1* 
totofd nw £22 Pb- aaiajp 

CQAO « VO. Oianow cn^- 

97/99 Ctehmwjn B8- “"don 

BCl. « 408 0485. 

FSreCT qaaflto «mb : 

BbM Him and_b#4v. aw 

pailMWI 10 09 
MMB ranvmv WiB? "TF ' 
SSMrtiSS-vanbM j 



Sec \ our 



155-157 Kni2ht>brid);c 
London SW] 

Tel: 589 2133 


1 WE need YOU 1 

27 Old Bond Street 

01-499 9876 

Rental Specialists 


I YOU need US I 

FUnBAKHMES, cbarcaanp HM. 
codial tandan oi 244 7365 

UnAanlML2bcd.tonb4/HL , 
ban, OOk pbena. Me. 6/9 ' 
nttb. £166 pw. Tb: 686 6589. 

•1782 PARR MR. — r 1 

bed /budto mnanaak Itomea. 
Otodg a. Oa id any. Tafe TRC 

UMB^Mrer unsbem ar 

ta^B aiupirtMa to cb^^nl aia^B 
flam E2(X>pw, BafhboF EMM 
01 933 0999. 

1.2.3 A 4 bid OMc. Lang/bbR 
MM. Bnl artcek w. t. P: 938 

■B Q EWIB PARgi tanny (V- 
Mbbd flak 2 dble bade. 8 
l a cn a . Ok garktan. Oa ML 
£276 pw. Tim Ol 402 6392 

■T JOHNS WOeOL 1 bad fir. 

£140 pw. Tb Ol 482 0890 

guigpi aA8B2M an. ura* 4 
bid fiM OMCtoebtog Hyde fMrtc 
and KHnUMon CaiboM. £378 
yw. Ca MkloSMIOtoTSB 2122. 

I 9378801 TbanonavtoNmem- 
bv wnan icdcna beb rand 
. prcPdiMa to cantani MdpcM 

■AdtabM gbi pdlB fbb (bed- 
bk HMAcn/bannoDmi. C2S0 
aub. SuU aMde. qoMt naan Bn. 

9MB. 605 sen. 

MB, UlEBlirtt bemeoB 2 boOi- 
reom nac. c a nu ia m Ml 
g wfWT ad. £180 pv waab. Tb 
01^70 OBSOL 

: W1 UT PUWB and nouwa. wa 
uraenfly reqattv iraor greeah 
B« to W. SW and NW. Landem 
i DavM weelto A Oa 402-7381. 

OEUSHiniL hhmt plat 

aaHtoeidBBMBBBMi» 8 d.wi. t 
bad. I radBOepw. 9S65393. 

Ita towdd COM ew* 

CwwyliBch Itawel 
01-S42 4613 
01-543 4227 

Esttb 1970 

joTbora/ltor £300 £466 

N ab W £220 £388 

Cbre £130 £800 

kaaoa £256 £338 

Db/aam £230 £840 

Baabieb £198 £330 

Deubn £420 

AJfro Asun 'navd Ltd 

168/160 Rnmt SI W.l. 

mi aaMvaas/a/T/a 





g pei s e t A Pent 





TE: OlSa 702 p« in} 
JMhk HaHna 


ireiTfr MfningTiliii 

Haa 1 wb £149. 2 ma £l89i. 
Rhodaa 1 Mill £189.2wta £179 
10023) 778544. (04281 78999. 
TtabWW limUMI ABTA/ 
ATOL 1X07 

i P W WQ B c ee n i: Apra/Mw 

necM piieea to aur atoadtoe 
vOM*. Rtaa Pm warM Habdaya 
ei 734 2B88 

ClTTPto bIC. Tm 0706 888014. 












HUM QB4M8 40 

MeodXM ar dHbncBm tar to* I 
vaiy tow. 1b: 01-491 0808. 73 I 
a. JMWM9 S naa k 8WI. 

WI^^^ER spcars 

bad gamn OH oTeddDo Mnda 
Chto. £1H P.W. M-gSB 4869 
KBBB818W 3 batovamad flak 
racmk phene. £117 pw.O liig B 
627 2610 HambocMon. 
lUHBffgBSBSE S/G PaniMe. 
18 rac. I d bad. KAB. OL pb 
iW MR- £180 pw. 0303 3921 6 
MAOHPOB Dbto badm nak 
raeapk TV. atiane. £78 pw. 
Onwid 687 2610 IIIIHIIWMlI. 
NW 8 baton IML no MM. nr 
BbWBO^ltok^BMra too 687 

KRNET SWIB. 3 bad iwuaa 
etav to nw. £890 nw. cn lek 
KhlaMi: 01 788 8122. 
KanbDBHL Got TV 24br awbd. 
nx. CBB IB N iai ll APB 873 6806. 
s e enuiiB u» wcwm* m 
Iha lentoo or hamc. OaM to dm- 
nb Londen. Oldti 26I& 

BY Maan swa. many a bad 
fidly fHiubMd wf b cad mt nr 
paPkOl 573 6306 01 . 

ST JAMEiP hK mad An Nodto 
BL k A b. HfL tond totobd. 
£180 pw ou toCL 437 7619. 
m Roeltop nod Mnny flak 2 
Wt bitomi. £828 pw tock CH. 
OIW. TV. SS4«78a. 
was AnacBar reenw 2 bad OH. 
tm aamta. £|80 pw. Jdn 


O/W Rto 

Carrtoc nii £ 8 ie 

NPW VMC £139 PgM 

Tonnto £180 £230 

tA/FMcn C2IB £388 

Sydney caio £ 6 ao 

JpOng £808 £419 

nandb £109 £899 

AMdaild £389 £749 

lIBWgUllB £878 £469 

9 ABMfMa £266 £438 

rRMi fhWON am Mhr* 

01 402 3301 


• NICE • 


• From May 17 • 
FLIGHTS • hotels 


l EURO-v-^ 

TEL- 0293 77E555 

at eUtog Abonen. Sbr-cni- 
tatnad bnnxy boMM MM IMH. 

MIC. iM in ^nii . maid mm 
aniy £19.00 Dv panm pv 
dw. Ph o n e - Hebdm smbm 
( 0479) 81008 - ANyTBdB. 


Hope is the driving force for 
Mansell on the road to Rio 


NbrabL JbVna. Caira, Dn- 
baL MtooML Stogmai*. KX. 
DNM. Baaghak. Hang Kaitto 
ffiitoiu. Empe. A Tito 
AaNTieak Fiantogo tiwn. 
3 Now Quakae SL blarbto 
Aidi Lcndm WlH TDD. 

01<402 9217/18/19 

CpmSdtoito iaoo-l3«0 

ce B IBnTBB ON OBto/lHta 
to Eurepa. USA A meb dabtan. 
(taim DBdOBia TTaab: 01-730 
2201. ASTA tATA AltH. 

Ti jMlwlae Ol 441 till. 

T ia abw l ae. 01-441 nil. 

Mandi (U 8M 4383. ATOL 

Ilmnmlnb 01-930 1366. 

486 9237. lATA 


iHahM dt- Rto £496. Umn 
£478 I*L AMa snng <k«i» 
Haodav Jaanwia. jla 01-747^ 


U6A.S Aaaificn. MM and Fir 
EhL 8 AOlea. irayvala. 48 
M niii b b Obwi . wi. Ol 800 
2920 (VW A CCbdHO 

NOIRB gaONtto £746 aem. Onb 
h- £1899. fbb o- £8030. 696- 
nay IT £639 m. Ootambok 
CuncnCvdme. lODewenNtoi 
Souva. eC8. 01 989 4881. 

FiighB (inn meb UK atoperM. 
Many lait ninal a(Nra. Fbav 
01 471 0047 ATOL 1640 

Biceilim ib/Bcabanv ad» 
•to. Tly UB 

labJUCHIHOOlUBW 01-387 

Ol aoe 4868/0008 ABTA 
61004 ATOL 1960 
wotMwhto OiiMiO fwca. 
Rtebmend Umb. 1 Dbto B 
W eto newd ABTA OltoCO 407& 
TIBBBA FV tob pedKI hoNdm 
wan aunw dH« * cv b i ea 
MeoM. Hab tor Manh/An*- 
TdnMm Traab. 01-573 441 1. 
in(k N/Vark £109 bBam £196 
LA £899 itn AMO pMapib 
aciwduto in mnator US GHik 
m 01-884 7371 ABTA. 

cn* ami lb. BtltfVL 0I-394. 
1642. AMI 1400. 
AUCMNILFaiv. Mbaga dc. 
Dmond iliml atol I7S& 
01-881 4641. ItolbMM 68641 
Hww Kane. BtolPiraa; 01-498 
7778 ABTA. 

BVD/BBL £610 FiClii £846 AO 
nudv C4CiMn to AUS/MS. M- 
6B4 7371. ABTA 
OOimi AFNICA JaiMno to £466. 
01-384 7371 ABTA 

At 2 pBB IdGSl tiBB on Smdar 
iflEnwoe R g tsee h 31 be 
switBhed OB over the otortiiK 
Im 2t the JaeuepajgM c h c Bit 
■tear Rio do JaeNra lo sigiiB)r 

(he h ngmnlbi|r of Ao 16 «BC 0 

contest fir Ibe 1966 woiM 

chinq^OBgbBp. . 

TikiiM pwco in high heniid- 
with die air (emperetiBe 
howrieg oreiBd the lOOT anrfc 
and an a trade with die nost 
corans and Ac Boat alraaive 
oarfine tf ny (rf Ae c en e a t 
drafts, the Braziliaa Owed 
I Prix as BBial tSD pr ov ide a 

I peelAqNintlDeseesMtAiA 

I ninga aiaiqr dae g M ftow the 
soMo at AdcMde when -the 
1985 aeries eadad last 
i Nncnibcri . 

Oelr 12 of the 25 driven 
tikieg part an Soadajr ive 
drirng lOr the aaaw team M last 
jrear and sOMe Cwdiiar fMaa are 
Biisiing. Nad Laeda has rdnod 
fire the accond and alawat oer- 
viMiy tte last tiwa^ and Derek 
Warwick, who weal eertaialy 
has oot icsncd, has bcca 
ORtBaBOCBVTcdta the Ug driver 
resloAle aad BBBt now stand at 
the top of every team owners 
-first l eaer v e" fiB m be pre- 
paiM fire a season of endMOBGO 
ndDg wfth Jagaar. 

P— have dinppearBd 
frOHi the starthig pW and are 
BOW only CKBie sappUm (o 
JFS Lataa, lyiTdl and UgicB, 
fire whoB they havea MW power 
"■to m vAU the t jI vm are 
daaed by aw praware Mstead of 
by s spiiag. AUt Borneo, io% 
have left the seene end RAM are 

nlnbbbMfcnly ■■■•«, whan thb 

Cgrarer Teleanas are now kaowB 
M BcaellMa fidlinriag a chaage 
of (eaw ownireshipi, and the 
fiuBOM bine of 1 >ira has been 
tepisoed by Ac Hadi and lAile 
cslow- scfaeoie of aow s poawre s 

For Ae paot two years (be 
w iau c re of (he BiaiiliaB laoe 
(Maribor* MdLare^ have gone 
oa to TfW-Tt boA Ao driverO' 
and cOBStrnclnrs* world 
AsiB pio Nsh ^ This ynsr, if 
Acre is a b vnwi te far Ae 
-donUe^ A what proarises to be 
a partienlatly ( 4 aep fiinght aea- 
aon aader re v is ed and lonahir 
ndcs fwinveamm |m| tanSngF 
has bm redneed from 226 A 

The teams 

auiuailO MClMBl: Ddvww AW 



CNNON wnjjtfift ggwf-M 
MonsaS jg^ sgtoLW, NAQ" gS” 

ouvern bmbhaa^d^^ 


•paongr (» aged 28. re* Zd^oA am. 

• .-I.*-; ^ _ G.. 


: Y. t 

* . • • 

sJSg&iSSSf tSSJ^o^SS w 

SbD. m iSwTtoiimtonMIW M, Tyi8K 

81; Gwhwd E 


onBUbMag ra iiran 
2b roriiiiBi Dwnre ( 
ObNMW Renwo FA1. 

. y ,-v 

: t* -I:.-:' 

■ ■ - ■ - r ‘ 

■ 'iito '-i* 

lire wUtfrM h(we df Britain: Musefl the front rnoner 

bi ntrl aiTn trani alniMfiidf Ar Jahnwy Dmifiies is a driver of 
arrent champfim Alain FVooL fTfirptiiwnl *ab ■■ hSn 

ecaose Ae two have very Aat season ■ Ftrenreda <bie be. 
Abrentdriringstrlas and Mens can only be eipfrtHl tn ^ve 
fbowAebcarahotadbeaetqp. Scans Kmftedfnppwtota on the 
Lemarkahly, Ae latest trade, so Senna wnst now prove 
dcLaren is a tarther evatadM he can get Ae Jab done on his 

AmouxfRlBogd8r;Jacqw8lal» re(Rt. 

42. ccM u gCn giNret JS27. TyisK 


m«Aiu.M4MB.PdawiBA >pwffi ffl. 
aged 29; SMwi Jciaram Amc}. 29- 
Smb renari Pia&'DieK Goodveir. 

Race dates 

RfstMis) Him ft has la he Ao 
Canon WlUInnM lenfli, nol- 
wiAsInniwg Ae reecnt car no- 
ddent lAkh has left Flank 
w ai**"* ta n Lendon beqdbd 


beMBui. Biimili. tobjia. 

Obum. Bme. LuumuiL. -fib 
•togna, DMiHn. Rouan. Bau- 
(agp# A P fci p e. ibue Off. a*. 
ruiu v Cton . Lm don. 8Wix 
IBQ. (M-2S8 8070. 

I spbbib m LT vn iM. eewM 

I Brim 1*2 wama haiiM * 

: awwM- Pm worta ii bimwot- 

734 2660. 


IDs teaw won Ae laat three 
races of 1985 and Acer new car 
has shown pwireiring fiann in 
pro acaaen testing, vAich aceans 
Aal in Nigd Man^ Brilaia 
has Ae best dhanco of provafing 
a worid dwawioci rinw James 
Hart's title hi l 97 d, afthongh he 
wiD need to bow ptsakform ifbe 
is cOMHtendy ta heat his neir 
dmm partner N c I sbw P!iqnet - 
afacady twice d cbaaqnon and 
stil nrted by many aa die best 
driver of dnw afi. 

ft he iNte res tiag ta aee 
how Keke Rorirerg oetdes into 

Ae McLarea team alongsido Ae 
curreat chweipioa Alam PraoL 
becaose Ae two have very 
difibreat dririag strlcs and ideas 
of bow theft car ahotad be set qp. 
Remarkably, Ae latest 
McLara is a tarther evatadw 
of vAat is new Ac five year’ eld 
design tea it right first tfaae aad 
yon can fcrgcl abent an wnri 
roAinks) hot a oanvletely new 
ear can be eKp rete d later in Ae 

The latest Bnbfcaw, on Ao 
oAer hand, h afi new wiA a 
BMW ci^no laid nfaaost aw its 
side ana Airiag Aroagh a 
sevM s pee d tnuwahs io n irfakfa 
hM been giving sooe 
(renhies tn pwd pris ladngh 
lowest sinng ladng-car - the 
' latest prodnet of the fertile brain 
of de^gor Gordon Minray* The 
new car way weft need a race or 
two hefireo it reveab its tree 

The latest JFS LotH, like Ae 
Mdnren, is an cvobrtionaiy 
nvoddL hates Ayrton Senas has 
already very- 

nniA. Be need ft to he becaase 
nothing less than Ae 1986 warid 
rhiapiwnhii) fcr Ae Aazffiin 
aw jastifr lA icfasal to accept 
an cqicrieaocd Aiver Oe Derek 
Warwick to Ae toam^ odier car. 

Ferrari, in As do Mnn n s last 
season nftar a pro tnWa g st^ 
sprwg a Mi pr i ae by navdling 
die radfcatty ebangfd car last 
weA to see (hew tliraagb to 
StpUtolu when an aH-new 
deaiw is cnpccted. It weald be 
nawae to hcBtde dib team's 
chanres in 1986 be can a e they 
have n habit of oamtag good jnst 
vAen th^ nin bast cspectod to 

The long tow plans of Carl 
Ebas are nadfccted ^ Ae 
phasing oat of Beatrice sponsM- 
sUp ahhoegh hb toaa vriD 
bc|^ Ao season wiA haptoved 
verrioM of die Lato-Hait sew 
last pendiiv die switch 

to die new Pee d n oNe i 'e J Lotos 
after Ae new V6 cagtoe hM 
coaqpleted ha pre-tace devekto* 
went prognMane. Expect tUs 
teaw. to prodace mbh solid 
resalto before dffi end dK year 
and Aen join Ae tron t -r iniiare 
to 1587. 

D esp i te Ae rednethn hi flwl 
eopadly, wd Aerefare con- 
swqribn, power ontpnto to nee 
trim are Bkeiy dosely to watch 
Acm of last yew; now Mwe way 
nwst be fonnd to cnA An 
eE i cawh n ontpato of Ae -tw» 

a totally anwanaatodWdea oo 
racing tenau* npcrational 
bdbeli. j. 

Wfth tyre wMA re st ricte d to W 

w 31 be cowmoiiphwe again Ab 
year Art on Santay ^raaoen it 
way wen he the wear and Mar «a 
eiy whidh.wiB be dedsfve to the 
ci as tog atones dfAo nee; ■to Rio 
it b tovanddy a case of the 
sorvival of Ae fitteO. 



Flair on Ae field and off it 

n«n David Hands* SfiglQr Conenpoodeat, Sydnegr 

Andrew Statist gran d stam 
1984 Anqtibiibna Mvn. Britain 
an idea die dicx, aggreasive, 
aaractive rn^ c ui ren ty bean 
played in the southern henn- 
qdiere. Toenatrow a sriea few 
bitoos win app re e btr that 
those qualities are not GWifiiied 
to the field of phQT iriiea New 
SonA Wries bqta two days of 
intematHHial sevens to c e l eb r a te 
Ae offidal opennig of Adr new 
CooGonl Orel ground heRL 

The New SonA Wales Uwon, 
duMiA ll2yetisold,liMladad 
a tonne of its own and' the 
devdoinieiit of the exiting 
Conoord grannd — of vAidi dus 
b wily die first lAaie of « 
project AS48 milBon 

ineirly £2K million) — oh 
inddes wfth two yeais of rdenl- 
lew aedvi^ at a time when 
Austnlian a Ii|^ 


In liiie wfth thb ag p es o ’ ve 
marketing stance, the stale has 
put AS3(iO,000 ioto a tdevision 
advertising campaign designed 
to attract peoide to rngby onion 
at a time when SyAiey b 
era mined to bursting wfth vi^ 
itofs to the ttayai Ea sier Sion^ 
when the witimiatirinbi sevens, 
iadiiding •"■"i* fiom 16 oouih 
tries, oondndes die week; when 
a new Pacific ndiy tonrnament 
invotving Fiji, Toma, Qneen^ 
famt. New SoiiA Wrie^ Wdl- 
ingion, (bmertony and Aiich> 
land begins wi 12; and 
vAen Annra&a fece an unprec^ 

«IfhI*xI n ii i M i ramipaig w gf 

seven faneniBtioiiab at tonne 
and in New Zeatand. 

Only F-ngfemrf and Wales of 
Ae few tame oountries have 
sent teams to die sevens, Scou 
hi*M< biiH iiriaiid having 
ffjjnfri hBc mn e of dunesiic 

commitineoix Altbou^ - tiiere 
are some loose ends to the 
overall otganbation, the British 
players ana manageoieot will be 
mterested to compare the st^ 
and pace of preseratioD of Ae 
game wfth Aeir domestic 

In that leqiect they vriD be 
joined by memben of the worid 

lee and snndiy members of the 
Iiitoniatioiial Board and na- 
ttonal presidenis wbo were doe 
yestorday to tafcn dinner at a 
hading noby league diA in 
Older to Qbamte at first hand 
the competition vriudi leagne 
pre sente to union, even in mb 
dty where the naion' code b 

Meanwhile^ da dayeis are 
p u tt i n g their to the 

abbrev i ated game. Austmlb bo> - 
gin Ae tournament tonorrirw 
^ idaring die Netherlands. 
Fngbnd and Spain are in that 
samegrwqr A. GroupB indudes 
New Zeahud. Tonga, Wales and 
United Stsdes; group C, Aigen- 
tina, Romania. Western Sawma 
and Japen; and groiv D Prance, 
FUj, Chnada and SouA Korea. 

The two leading teams fimn 
eadi group p ro gress to quarter- 
finals »«"i semifinals, ind the 
final will be ptagtod on Sunday 
after the offiod ooMing of the 
gronnd Mr Nevuto Wran, the 
New Soirtb Wales Premier. 
Aastralb, vnnnen of die Hong* 
Kwig Seiw bst Maidi, are top 
seeds and win be bd tv Goc^ 
the Queeiisbad foB baefc, who 
props in sevens. 

wiglaiid, wfth a squad ladang 
many lending players vriiose 
dobs are stifl mvwved in the 
John Finer special Cop, deve^ 
oped filmier iwoblemr yesterday 
iwien- Budrton. tiw Orr^ 

flanlrar and an exodbm ban- 
handling Arwaid, di s oovered 
that a knee injiuy sustained last 
weetend was not responding to 
treatment as expected. ' 

England tiaiM yesterday at 
Manly on the norA side of 
Sydney Harbour, hoping that 
the weather b Ira enervating 
than ft was yemenfav^. Tfam are 
likely lo pby Ttonus (SaleL 
S imim fljreipo oi), Jermyn 
(Ross^ Park), Hfll (BaA), 
Ripley (Rowlyn Farkl Smpaon 
ffira) and Bond (Sale) in their 
first "MX* u gainM ^ paibj atbi 
bring m* ChMiA. (On^p WB- 
fiams (Orrril) and winteF- 
bottom (Headin^oy) fbrShnms, 
Jemiyn and Suapson against 

Wales have no fitnra prob- 
lems. Hieir firfi game b against 
United States wfajdi AmM 
pose few problems for Jonatiian 
Davies and company. Th^ ttom 
have demanding p"*"* a pinf 
New Zealand and Tonga, Ae AS 
Bladra being bd 1^ Wayne 


It has been confirmed here 
that Andrew, tte Nottinriiam 
and En^nd stoDd-offliaurwni 
spend die nmmar in Sydney 
appearing for the Gordon , chib 
whose last British visftor of note 
was Sandy Hmshelwood. the 
Scotiandud 1966 British Limis 


Andrew has been m tonA thb 
season wiA Alan Jones, the 
Austnlian ooadi, who storied 
him in the direction of Coition 
m the hope Aat be coold incize 
them to a hra sewafted premier- 
ship finaL Two other En gi*«h 
(defers are alieaito due to 
appear lw Maniy this season. 
Woodward^ the ftomer Leicester - 
centre, and Holdirtodc. the Not- 
tingham wiii 0 

Merchiston approach master class 

Scots name 


tour party 

Ptayers who are on flie fringe 
of selection by Scotiand will be 
on trial daring the Scots'' short 
tour of Spain and France later 
tins roiing. Seven unc^iped 
pl^en are in the 26-smHig 
sqira from whom the Scots 
choose their team to feoe a 
Sprmisb XV in B ar criona before 
goiiig on to tadde Ibur Reach 
regimial sides on Ae 17-day 

AU seven played m the Scot- 
land B teamv recent 12-9 vic- 
tory over Fiance B. The 
newcome r s among file backs are 
Colin Hanigan and SimoD Soott 
(boA Mebose), the Haileqains 
stond-ofi; Ridiarii Oramb; and 
Stuart Johnston, of Watsonians. 
Among the fhrwards ainiing to 
mate an impression , wiA the 
maiigural World Cim only a 
ytv away, are WUte 

(Kelso), George Runciman 
(M^o^ and Derek TurobiiU 

Several members of Ae Scot- 
Ah XV abo shared the five 
Mtio ns* diampionsliip viA 
Rrmoe are eiAer injured or 
unaroibUe fin- sebetitm. Gavin 
Hastmm, the AU bode, who set a 
Sc o ttis h record of 52 pomts m 
the dramfrionriiip, has univer- 
examinations and the new 
British Lions wifwin, CbUn 
Deans, -vdU be absent because rtf' 
pressure of business. OAer 
notriib absentees are JcAn 
Rinherfmd, Roy Laidim, Iain 
Milne, Ro^ Baud and David 

C^allander, the Kebo 
hooter, caplaiiis the party 
which leaves on April 28aiid 
returnsonMay 15. 

Sdooig Rnghy by IMBdael Stevammi 

Ms fthfabB Gasfie Sdnelb Acre Sevens and AeMeidiuton beaten by AnstraUa m Jan 
ri an a to te among most •Sevens, whicb th» achieved m have Aeir half I 

sucoe^ in Soodaad IS suspect successive da^ bst wedGnd. for the «i"i" n 

roily if o nejfoaira attention on Hi^ beat Clfnnlmnnjl 22-0 to Sefaeob mF^jisra Man 
their DM^rent. stM to Ae win the Gtdden Acre Sevens and (Daitid Hands writreV a 

season. But their impressive Fettm 12-10 in the final the 
final record reads pb^ 16; Merdiiston Sevens. 

won 13; points for 30% points The British Aerqapaoe Sev^ 
104, ens, run by F;^Ue last Simday, 

YooA and iiiexpeiieuoe a» were a great success, sunxitting 
counted fbr their Altering open- the view that A» wA adiieve 
ing. EMt members of dus the status m die NoirA that the 

for 303; pdnts 

YooA and iu e xpei icMoe a» 

the status m Ae NorA Aat the 
Rosslyn Park Sevens commaiKb 
nationwide. Wanridi proved 
the most accompi^ied side m 
the main competition and beat 
AshviDe CeUm 384) in the 
final; QEGS, Wakefield, de- 
feaiad Radni Sdoel 19-10 m 
Ae final of the plate oom;^ 
ethion. . ' 

St BRndanIs letnarlcable saga 

ing. EMt members m dus 
successnl side win be refntning, 
and on Satnrriay they win 
croitrilmie two mayen, Peter 
Walton, a prm who is diosea at 
lode, and Ibniish Martin, a 
flanter, to the Seotibb Schoob 
Xy to meet a Scettish Yo^ 

Tbe sdiool^ main'streiigA'b 
in the backs and Ae bade row. 

oeaien oy Ansiraiia m Januare, 
have riiaiig ^ Aeir half ibb’tf 
for the jgame Ftench 

Sdeob m Figiis oa March 29 
(Da^ Hands writes). Angus 
MacDonaM fiom 
Sefeoel, win pl^ standoff bdfi 
Aadd KaidoonL camd test 
seasM ' against New Zeafamd, 
win partner hnn. 

The 16-GinMip tide prepare for 
a twomaich tour of Italy wfth a 
game on SundM (1 1 JO against a 
Pwridenfs Xv at 

Mai^ Logan Mair and Ev^. of success continues. Tb^ beat 

M JET FUaurSp OOMito Zu> 
rich, Mixdcii ale. RCMrt 


JoUing-Purser, and the captain 
and intgi, Abu TbompSML The 
future seems bright, eqpeciaUy 
as tbe uiider-14 team of two 
yean as9 Qast season’s nnder- 
15s) have not lost a matefa fbr 

^Meidiirion carved a imknie 
niche m Soottbb nidiy as the 
only school to win Ae Goldea 

Tetaes Crib 3^)0 at the 15-e- 
side game, tbes wroi die Marluig 
and the Qiflon Sevens m a 
flurry of wonderful fimn that 
must mate them &vpurite$ fro 
the aD-€ngIaiid 1 ^ - a de Pres- 
ton Fstiva] at Ae ' Preston 
Orassboppeis Qub on MarA 
2i,22and^ . ' 

• {tested IS-Gnap Scheeb, 

• France have selected a stron 

forced to wiAdraw from fu 

Bune.tgainst Scotbnd™aiS 







connection Plundering should 

•Vi ’ ' 

. !• '4 

'?= ■>> 



7 ^r^X. 

''*7 V. 
* 1 .- 


7' « 


Down the yeais then: has been a 
SarticHlariy dose association 

Jf sonwises in the 

bisuny of the race -was smuTw Kv «k<i 
10^1 outsider, TiPperary^ff^j?lQS? 

Other Naliciir^Smers to £ h2i 
there -included Su^wahd 
While Vincent 

humming esiablishmenTfiSm 

Do^e m b). Ccuk to Chdiel incS 
Tipijnry ^jm Royal Tan and (W 

^ are ^ but tSreSe 

atnito^.eiids.' Drumlaigan rep re s e nts 
tlto 64^ubiig stable of O’Grady 
while Moi^re is one of just five 
lioisa trained by Bil! Harney, a 
^Rsterinaiy snrseoiL ' 

Onunlaisan first entered a sales line 

f !?„“ three-year-old aS 

Ballsbru^ in 1977 and was knoAed 

down to OXSiady for 4,500 guineas. He 
later passed him on to MichadCnddy a 
longiiine selector of the Iiidi inteii^ 

tional rugby union team. 

For the grater part of his radng 
career Dnimhugan carried the Cnd^ 
colours but a little more than a year agn^ 
when the Bronfinan &inily wanted a 
represent^ve for the Grand National 
(the siponsorship of wfaicb Irad-beeo 
tdken over by their firm, SeagramXthey 
bon^thioL Henowruoscimenameof 
Mrs Gempana Bronfinan itq d Jie has 
won Qrwo races for her in Ireland, one of 
which'-ttfas the Red Mills Trial C3iaseat 

The Bronfinans and O'Giady *ha»a 
the. disappointment of his rid^, John 
Franobme, when Drumlaigan, for the 
only time in his life, burst a blood vessel 
and had to be pulled up in last year’s 
NationaL That was Rnncome’s ferewdl 
mount at liveipod and it ended his 
h(^ of success in the cme big race he 
never won. Prim- to that mishap. 

underline his 
Aintree chance 

By Mandarin (Michael PhHlips) 

Eddfe O’Grady: gira Dniinlargan a 
.1. ■ sporting chwKe^ifsaccefii---. 

MonanoK: hjs e^th cliasiiQ 

DrtimJargm had jumped exceptionally 
well and' O'Grady has a dramatic 
picture of him ciraiing Becher*s Brook 
as if it was no more tlra a-small hurdle. 

As of his prqperatioa for this 
year's race, Drumlat:^ went' north on 
Mondavi m nm at Doom Royal but 
diraminted, trailing in last .of the 
finitiiers behind Bold Agent' However, 
it might be unwise to wiitB off 
. Drum&rganonthisonebadnmastbere 
is littfe siimlarity betwm three mfles at 
Down RojuI rud 4V& miles at Aintree. 

CGrady stin recalls with pride how 
Onimlargan won the Sun ASianoe 
Hurdle at Cheltenham six years ^ and 
later picked up his luggest prize, the 
Vi^tbread Gold Cup. *‘He is a tnarvel- 
loDs stayer,” Eddie said. ”If I could be 
sure that he is at his peak, I would ^ve 
him a qiorting chance. Afia* all, be 
finish ed a commeodaNe third to 
Bunough HiD Lad in ^ Chritenham 
Gold two years ago.” 

.There is a solid feniily background 
behind Dnnnlargan for Eddie's feiher, 
the late waUe O^Gtady, was one of the 
ontstandihg jump jodkeys ht Irriand 
before ;the war arid a man who adiieved 
one of his mori memdiable successes on 
Heaibreak Hil! in the.Gtand Sefion, a 
drase nm over the Grand Natio^ 
fences at the November meeting. 

' Bill Harn^'s connection whh 
Aintree, and indeed with racing, is a 
ihudi more tenbous one. Nonetbdtess, 
be has shcnni by his handing of 
Monanore that he knows plenty about 
preparing a steeplediaser for his diosen 

- ' Tlie story of Monanore begins more 
. thaw a derade a^-^en two profrasion- 
al^m^fiom Nenath m Co ni^ietar^ 
N6ri\0'Mear^ sOIiritor, and I> 
Ridrard Fogarty pid a fi^ named 
Momtonri into truning at the Cunagh 
-writiiBtiqihen Quirke. 

SDccess at Gowran Flark yesterday 

The nearest she got to winning a race 
was when second in a five^urlong 
hanrfiea p at Tralee and, at the end of her 
racing rteys, they were at a loss to know 
what to do with her. They erentnally 
decided to malre apresent ofber to John 
Meagher, who feimed close' by. . 

The only proviso attached to the gift 
was that the trio should share in 
MouskourTs first foaL From a mating 
with a local sine, Ptefeiry, she p^uced 
Monanme, who .is now the winner of 
one flat race and eight sieeidecbases for 

So far she has shown stamina in 
excess of roeed and it is obvious that she 
does not take after her dam's femily. 
Mouskouri, in going so close to wntming 
over five fiirlongs, was certainly follow- 
ing in the fbot^eps of her immediate 
anrastors. According to inode’s Dams 
of Winners, Mouskouri is a grand- 
master tff who herself 

{noduc^ eight indi^ual winners of 1 9 
rac^ all but. one of which were 
achiered at the .minimum sprint 

Monanore^ described by his trainer as 
a perfect gentleman^ has' taken quite a 
time to mature and his most important 
successes have come during the current 
season. At Tburtes in early January, he 
twk home the Malony Cup, a handicap 
that is dten woo by a good horse. A 
more-important victory came 10 <teys 
later in the Go& Thyestes Handiom 
Chr^ at Gowran Fiaric and he returned 
there yesterday to win the Paulstown 

The ground at Gowran for the 
Tbytes .'^^ . bt^vysuod^ ip, Harney’s 
opinion, bis horse i$ at fats b^.in these 
poiicfitioi^ ’Tt is not so much that he 
dcies not act on good ^unri,” he said. 
**If^ more that the others normally go 
toofestf(»'lum”r- ' - 

PLUNDERING is napped to 
draw attMtion to his chum in 
the Grand National <m April 5 
br irianiiv die Woodhay Ibadi- 
Chase over nHes at 
Newhay (his ^eraoott. 

Absent from the fray aB last 
season beeanse of troable, 
Ptandering has been re suio e il 

to two races this tem. But eacb 

time he has shown promise; 
imtially when finhhii^ fifth 
behind Charter Party at 
Kemptoo on Boxing Day and 
nme l e u ei illy when fourth 
hind YonVe Weleome, rSiffir 
Vteden and Door rjf<»N 

Jodgsd on that performance 
alone, Flmdcrinn sbonU ao- 
co ant for botii GaUaher and 
Memhenon who were behind 
him, e^edaDy as X fhoaghf that 
he ran as if Jnd in need of a race. 
And, i^on teflectioo, he |wob- 
ably was. 

Along wift dl Fred Whiier'^ 
horses, tt had been let down for 
a while at the end of Jannaiy 
ndiile diey were inocnlated 
aphsT foe vims nliidi had 
created such havoc in the stables 
dmiM niid-wnte. Against that 
hnekdofo tt was heartening to 
see the stable bonce back with 
two vrhmers at Chdtnham. 

To fancy Ptandering as nmeh 
as I do today, it is necessaiy to 
cast foe mind hadt to tbe sprite 
of 1984 when he finished a dose 
foarth in foe Whitbread Gold 
Cap at Sandown after winnii^ 
the GoMeo Mfiler Handicap 
Chase over loday’Is distance at 

At Sandown he vns invdred 
in that anforgettable finish with 
Special Cargo, Lettocfa and IM- 
awwMwi £dge *h 4 was 
only two lei^dis; at Chehenham 
he jnst twMgMi to hold Ashley 
Honse and Dramlaigan at bay. 
That focin had a wy solid look 
aboat it at tbe time and earlier 
that season Plundering had won 
over three miles and a fhriong at 
Wmeanton and 314 nOes at 
Wolverhanptoa. fintber endors- 
ii^ nv view that todays dis- 
tance is his ideaL 

Tim Forster has a good 
chance of winning both dirisioiis 
of the Marra Notices' Hurdle 

with BARGE POLE (2J» and 
PECWELL BAY (4J0) and can 
also takg tite Aldington Notices' 
Chase with Western Sniset's 
bnifocr, POLAR SUN- 
r. The Jast-mned has bees 
im my short list of horses to 
fidlew rinee he showed seefa 
IKomise in his only steeplechase 
at Ling^Id in December. 

Interest in today's other jnmi^ 
ing oud at Lndlow is fuelled by 
die presenee of RIVA ROSE la 
the firid fw the Malden Timber 
Novices' Hnnlle qnaEfier. A 
winner three times already. 
Jenny rantan'Is nice yoni« 
bOTse excelled himself at Ascot 
when, despite his yoimg rider 
losiim his hons at (he last 
hardly be beat W^ooer and 
River Ceiriog, snbseqoefitiy an 
easy winner at die Cbekenham 

Those who were at Cbehen- 
ham eight days ago and wit- 
nessed the whirlwind finish of 
BRUNICO in the Trimnpb 
Herdle will be looking to Tim 
Thomson Jones to get him goi^ 
a bit sooner in foe Haywards 
nckle Stakes at Doncaster. 

NfEADOWBROOK (3.45) and 
JAZETAS (5.15) all look Hkety 
winners for Pu Eddery, i 
penally Jazetas, who peifonned 
with a degree of promise in his 
only race as a Iwo-year-old when 
fonrtb at Newmarket behind 
Gay Harwood's 2,000 guineas 
bo^ Danciag Brave. 

Vertige best 

Vertige (Eric Legrix) can win 
today's gnmp three Prix Exbnry 
at Saint-Cloud despite the lack 
of a recent onting (Our neoch 
Racing ConespMident writes). 
Stella Grande and Pas De 
Clunx, both of whom have ran 
this veivftn, look his most 
dangerons rivals. Formerly 
trained by Henry Cedi, Vertige 
is sore to have bm gjvn plenty 
of work on Patrick BianccHie*$ 
aH-weafoer relk^ and be shonU 
not fon on foe score of fitness. 
Wlien with Cecil, Vertm 
showed his Bking for today's am 

d 10 forlo^ by ffaushiog a 
ciosefomth in tbe Prix la Force. 

First for Matthews 

Hrimi, a wnmer on the open- 
ii^S day of foe Flat season last 
year, repeated tbe performance 
in the Bertie Bassett Handicap 
at Doncaster yesterday. The 
Butted geidiiig , who ran in the 
Derby when trained by Cfive 
Brittain, was gitiiqs the yoira 
Newmaritet trainer, Ian Mat- 
thews, a snccess with his first 
runner ou the FlaL 

TIvian strnck the front ttt the 
two-Anlong marker and went on 
to- beat ftgan Sun by Iti 
li-n gffa^- Matthews said: ' 
started to train -On my own 
accomtt last antnmn and I've had 
aboiit a dozen runners over 
jumps with five seconds. 

The season also gat off to a 

great start for Md Brittdn and 
his new stable jockey, Kerin 
Darl», widi Btaemcde wfauui^ 
foe Xwp Crnnes BrodUesby 
Stokes. It wns a brave perfor- 
mance by this Bine Cashmere 
orit who cost only 1,500 gnineas 
at foe Newmaiket sales. 

Darley, a finnitt duunpioa 
apprentice, said: "I wasn't wor- 
rit when Authentic passed ns. 
Blnmede is a toogh little horse, 
has had ploity of work and 
wants comiMny. Once Authentic 
oune on the scene mine incked 
op again.** 

Brittoin, who has trained his 
own horses itith considerable 
snccess since 2984, is in his first 
season with a poblic licence. 

.Wo • ft 


TetevM: 2,45, 3b15k 3,45, 4.15 
Draw adwanti^ tow niinbera best on soft ground 

245 HAYWARDS PICKLB STAKES (Amatatirs: ^778: 1m 2f 50yd) 
(SOnnnen) . . - . . 








•emi- iWROWBEIK 
14000- BMMCOrr 

IMhwdll MeOtawi S41-2. 
'RStepMH 4-11-2 

. jwintumnis 



345 RACme POST ttARATHOWHAMMCAF(£1041ft2m 2f) (71) 

1 flOIOMi- PETMSDlCafaqCBitlMn&O-IO Z ThiulS 

2 StSCIB- T HE« l06 O topttBimflmMMW CMwft y44-1 KHBdpoii4 

4 081188^ tWnaWIS OHabEC HWCW^W RCn1W(S)l 

5 180300- 7IUPES«l11Sin(HiapoiipHatonp4NVIgon 


snaouCB gumhor autos uNkMuia 

POlWinJBH TWTA MfMiOCHotemW GButorlt 

aotsio- AUniEVEManiIli&|NGrimi4D'nNin4A8 MLItoimsa 

JG R F» 10 

004000- TOMSHMPI 
230300- ilcetJIMCV( 
030000- JACKOMVr 

102D0- Ml S’ fra powr A Poiraa C IWdaM-H-a Jwnugoutt 

oolpi miTirnnnwffltii) tniiiiniiif ;„WNom( 

aSgSf scstojmp&PKtood^REPmcom^^^^^ 

004000 jDBttJUffuoriwnttMgPCtogi piWO-ia...^ SMtiHail 

31000- BOOMIWB(X(WPn^WGciilBn)QftlttumGnrtpn 

4-1lr12S BylM I 


- Jam&ndnltS 


18 0aitf432- COOU 

19 0tt240- NLT0MBUIW( . 

22 834104- lUSBfMTliyhsGI 

23 13000V GAMOiplar 

28 autPuuiBa 

27 OnBo- KNMMrsm 

29 ov lir< 





IHOtWi 57-10. 



>KBf i dfliwnf57-7. 


1 $ /S 2000 - CfUWraOFjmflJSIIHKBrinMJ^^ 

16 002104- MGHBSULIwd^1hdarS-1»12_ 

3 ~Ti III! Tlmii, n “lllrwwlniiitiiiifili T 1 flrnwrj It 1 rnnirnrMnn. Iff 1 rwi ‘niptinit 

~ 'loir, 16 - 1 'bMndw.AIURewUBd, 20-1 oHura. 














eottaoM. CoSlTmSSS'SS&tSlS^SNai^ 

032230- HOLYPORT 

aMjvsi unaE 

00231/ mSECfUCXERAIaU 
001200- umfSUMPlMma 

D NlGhalMn4-l04 — 18 

WUiyenk, 12-1 Mtoo. M-l foOig OOoir, 

S4P 29. TmWE ffiiUmWff-fl l 6a beatWllWeitiiUXUMCT (7717ft 

raGuiP(7*Q 12ft. T fieoaabi ma, jackdaw (77) lea wiimno 

(7-6) 20a d 21. Nawi Mi im ftn tt good Oel f& ALL it 

Hf u 1nnnimr W-*° iaa» C»nliinfa-11iaiMi.llaiM M tkatamh'ei 



It REVEAtB) (54) 7ft 

Doncaster results 



Tior (dte. &1 Bqy Sftgsr, Delnopin. 
7-1 Team Effort. (6ft), '12-1 

Muntag filM. 9 lan. XI, 41. hd, iitrui- M 
arftttff at we^. Tow : 21540; 21 JO. 
21 JO. fi3.ia DR 219Ja CSF: £1431. 1 
Rrin 09.49 aac. 

- A15 (1m ^ 1. TIVIAN (N Day. 7-1): 2 
Pagan 8n (B Utemaon, 6-1): 3. Re^ 
9taal (A Cdhane, 11-1). AlSO RAN: lOO- 
30 lev U on o ydaw Wonder, 10-1 Gay 
Captaki RosBieme (4ft). 11-1 Vintage 
Tto (Svi). 12-1 Golden ftney. Kamiwy 
Queat 14-1 Said ComeeHon. Four Star 
TIwueL 25-1 Didc KnigM (609, S-1 
Brndoro, 33-1 Holy Spark. 14 mn. IXL 
atvW. IX, 2, 2L I tmihews w New- 
laertMt Tow : fS.lft 21.70: £1.6a £220. 
DR £27 to. (SF: £4555. THeaac E426J4. 


345(1m) 1, IIWCWR^(6 SWrkey. 9- 

Also RAJ(i57 Sula^ (494. 4 

I (7-2 fa^ 18 ran. 151, 
c £7.10; to.10, E4J0, 

I TNArazE AirnsT 

090- ARANCUttOappPmwyjftjorll-iOG .. 

maas^ itirnT iTliiiiniiftnnriaafn HI t) r*i**^ 

SraSwSlAN S5o?JJilliWOBlV!M 
430220- tolOWBTOr(MSA)(B4»lT^^ 

35 20221V FAVtomNEPrawpsaaoutWIVtoW s.^Ggoaiafladba«iiva 
SB 633/000- LOVE WAUteD to (tWiiaiB CuianorWai) W Holte 

11-4 ftnacob 4-1 Oryx Mtaor, 8-1 Boom Pasol, 7-1 Aigaa, 6-1 Gaunt CcAwia. 12-1 RU^ 
14-1 Ufta Stoop. Arrow Bwti, 16-1 oitiam. 

won nk from 
good ieaattCte2f. HOLY PORT 

CliRACTJB-in eft Mown 191, 9 iwk Amot ftn tfap good to ftn 
MEAOOWmoOK (9-7^ beswn 4X1 to Carm (9-1Q ntftTUfiMATJM) 
71. 10rw.Gaedwoed2m8lh'a!pgoodtolkmSap30.wmiVBANK(B-1Q 
30tteSlnoetsTlrvsil5-7)6far» iThwIiicIi rmliTairioniitlln iin(l kawO 


ifem Sap 26. 



2m hicap good to aolijinB ' 

4.15 W8X Sfienr HANDICAP CE2,S18i5n (18^ 

694821- CHAPtJ B9CM|B ( 
329000- H1.TM BROWN I 
003000- PMUPJMPkMa 




_ _Swrna(10-1ftlStai.FMcattona 
6BI beawn 9X1 to PiW I 


922003- WELBEOME ~ 

030022- BATBAZAAR 

12 1/00000- TOPTHAT ~ 

13 tbOMb- . 

lomni- BUBSBOV 
flbioQ- scHUundge 

880000- WMllttLtJrara'piBiiSnM'M ... 

410003- PAijWgw. wiHijrR cniiai) J nawawii 4-77 

IITDnnfeM59&..^ RCDchiaiwS 

I 1 

1irmiertan499 _6Cnlar{5)4 

RNime6s6«9 NHowatl 

ks N UacauM Mm N UacaUw 49-1 

J RamadnAMn JRanadaa67-l2_ 

jDCftapnun 5-7-7 


321030/ ICRBLMm9lallenVMdaRanngCDlid)RSfeMa477. 
10590 CtopOnaCkto. 4-1 wnoaotga, 5-1 Otodeawt. 6-1 SaaBawW 
Brown, Bretowwer Musb. 10-1 Baaav, 12-1 SctiWa. 16-1 Pr^i»1 

.Ptt Eddery IS 
. KHodgaone 
— WCatBonlS 


- APnudie 
— 14 

Boy: 6-1 Hhen 

Doncaster sdections 

POMfe GHAPUNS CLUB (5-1 V won Kl 
IWSIC (7-9) 4ft baawn 4L ISran. Ytatk 5( h 
M baewn XI to Padre Pio(^i(9 wWi sn 
- • - .TONBROWN 


BUBS80Y (54) wen 1 XI from 


By Mandann iBu^ip-TLunpiaead. mid MltGN 

' ' By Our Newmarket CorrefftoodeRt . 

MS Boom Pauil. 3.15 Reixaj<jd.,3.« All,»« .R«=w^ ■tis 

Broadwater Muac. 4.45 Bunu Hills. 5.15 J^^eias. 

By Michael Seely 

2.45 Bruoico. 3.45 Tom Shanx -- 

8.15 LEGER WAY HANDICAP (£3J)S2rim) M) (35) 

. < a?«-HS5SS22Li£:S.‘i?ffl2rtifs — ^ 




, . ijnDoncaatorSrh'i 



, POVnOnCtOf 

(9-10) 1 T rmu AyrBI aaOtocs g^to Kit Jiiy 



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. WR O W B i x awM 

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_-Z= N Adam If 


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99 CCaatos(S)10 



jr* *' --'*16*018-11 KDartayA 

uwaambys-ll . KHomaonl 

|6GHTDlHl(A9rid4>;sn«hB'1l SWatonrl2 

K- - .4 . JMtonuB 

8-11 GBmwn@9 

B-11 UHhdeyn7 


ViCHy-WAL(NCaBodw4jNCitoglnn«-ll — : HLThonaaS 











HABRTS OOHBIB (7 FWaasO T Fteimt 99. 
IMIOLaJIIE UO Has 0 LJmU I VUiara 99 



NS CONTACr ^m ON fr 


•I19HMT P Sitefo K Stone . 

MV lOAB^ W EastoiM M w Eanerto B-1 
T/WGDONTmV (Ita Y ^tPM N IHdm 8-1 1 . 
viCHy-WAL(NCaom^N(atoginns-ii - 



• 12 . 



fMWjnt 49-11 iiSSlM 



94 Bunf ns. 3-1 TMBdodpw, 4-1 Home (kaotag, 5-1 Hndbaqw Del, 8-1 Dear Onto. 
12-t Vicky Vat, M-t oftew. 

5.15 FRENCH GATE RlAfOEN STAKES (OSBriiii) (sli)(2?) 

IBYfr Badge, IM MBoadawn. 14-1 AqatoWn iw’ »""• 


no- otPwntArocLaiAX(Gu»^cap(JViBsonM 

000- .DEAIIHMI BRDGEOtf Giai^ Motm 99 . 

OOOOOO-. El£GANTBU.{rHs(Tlng)inr8rlwrei99.. 


0009- li OHE6 TTQ E. PSil*WRWtoatefM 
000030- OZVGUNNBIfflaalH 

4- JAZErA8jaCo6telNbtiMnn99 

2B4030- JBnira8KIIEr(pK2paif&)ASiitti99 
• . • 10lonMRT(SDkinint«PHBnamM 
85- OUAUTi 

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80004- TAXEMEBtSeUir 















RMB (7-9) won XMmmitoEL^m ^ Itoydoddw neap^ 





20 - 

009^ auweiGO 


MBSW8nall4WB«RMya-11 ^ 
W toOitoion) Ron Thofli^ 5-1 1 
SCKARLEriE HronMft S Norton 8-i 

......................... (E HrenialOl S N^ 8-11. 

mh BaiSAHEAD<B()eew9GMaoia09 

. JiBeBoukm(7)5 

64 -tazewL 7-2 Bedaa Rydm. 5-1 thalwr Hog. 7-1 Tower FWm. 10-1 Nortun UdMVi 

12-1 AucMR m^ifrl often. 



ran. 1X1, 
. at NaiMiwniaL Tow : 


Hal (fttiX 
1XL XI. 1XL S 


AnftarCtown (N Cmlaia. 14-1k 3, Mayor 
(D Moliols, 10-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 tav The 
no, 10-1 Kan 

(Stti), 16-1 Pareciio. 

DOW, 25-1 Bradbury 

Ptairmr. 13 wa XL 1L 

Norton at Brnnway. Tow : £490; 2220, 

E4.ia £270. DF: £7260. CSF: 2SBJ5. 
Trtcasb SStnas. 1 min 06i)2 sac. 

4A5 (loi 20 1. BALGOWNE (8 P 
GHfKtia. ao-Tk Z PWeAAmg H BiewtL 

rtw: 6-1 h a cha ga t ia . Paris Tradm, ^1 
Dtoks Poly, 10-1 Joia-s GH. ndgsAeld. 
1^1 AbienanL NobW Mourrt, 14-1 


nk,ZXi XL CL J MuDal at York. ToW: 

£3790. eiJOO; £520; £1240: £192 OF: 
Wiraim or atwottwr horse £7.40. CSF; 
£27622 Jticnt £895212 2min 21.05 

215 (1m 2f) 1._ JACIC8 LUCK (M 

16 laa 19, ia I DudgaorLTew ; ES20; 
£292 £1282 £S.torDR Wimm or 2nd 
wdh any other £282 CSR £161.67. 

420 hOa} 1. Bk» Omt (Pswr 
Hobto. 16-1): 2Agra Knight (139 lav); 3. 
Whiftm Goast Thou Cri-U 17 tan. uidy 
KBana. IXL 2L j GHSid. Tow : £1092 
£212 £1.72 £290. DF: £6320. CSF: 

59 (Vn hdia) 1 , Qenaraiao (P BartoTL 5- 
1); Z Dmicn Adnwal (5-1}; 2 Rattimn 

3L 6 Themer. Tow: 

£240. OR £5322 CSR £3282 

Coarse specialists 


TRAiNSI& i Baktog, 10 whiners from 64 
nmnsts. 159%: W Ittsdngs-Bass, 8 from 
52 121%. M H EaswrbyTlS from 127, 

JOCKEYS: W Cataon. 36 winners from 
220 ndas. 124%;GSwrhay.a0 from 122 
124%; 5 Dawson. 7 from 44 152%. 

TRAMERS; F Wkiwr, SB wfrmsrs from 21 6 
runners. 228%; T ForsWr. 15 from 62 
222%: 0 NIctiolson. 34 frwn 164, 227%. 
JOCISV& P ScudBfflors, 41 whras from 

200 rtdm, 202%; H DevWs. 24 from 142 



TRAINERS J EOwards, 14 wtoners ftm 

63 nmnets, 222%: Mrs M Rhi^ 13 tram 

85, 220%; B Preeee, 7 from 32 19.4%. 

JOCKEYS: P WOmm, 12 winners from 65 


G Jones, 6 from 52 102%. 



2.00 MARCH NOVICE HURDLE (Div l£2,171±n 100yd) (26 ruimers) 

P Welwyn 6-11-7 



















2 BAIKSPOL£(lABQieis^AfersimS-ll7 

4^ CIEDKn'0lfr(BBraaBn^1Mnar5n-7 

0 COIfVNL£e^(MrsEBnjmar)JTGM0Rt5-n7... 
on- DESTROVaMU^(AdaptB0Ud)DRBBWnn 7-11-7... 


09F2 EAS8VBBLP((Jaug8)JCtu8g5l1-7 ... 

H Dares 
... B de Hami 
Fatar Hobto 


EASTBW SREEai (MrviDDcnifrP W Doran 7-11-' 
FEDBiAL TROOPER (P Bonnet) P D Haynes 5-1 1-7 
FREWORXS MQHTU Rose) N J Henderson 7-11-7 . 
P KUUBA9lOSRiMPDHayiies511-7 

83010 toOMilACnmnjbKP^'GBBakmS-ll-?. 
«M0 R(ffAL(£SB)(^gCivlts)Mr6MRmeaVl1-7. 





_. sStoftteetoB 



00- SHilVWOOO(EmaHyaeiwlid|RAkeniMt5-11-7 ^ — 

eao SHOW MAUATOrNnina Comoro Anna 21 1-7 — . GMc COun 

ou 9UPEReeier(MraUSIato)JTG4M5-1l-7 RatorHObbs 

FP 688eillARy|A8eiito)ASHJCh6-11-2 — 

2 DB«IGK%DEUQKTiEJanes)EWJones7-11-2 — 

OPD CLASSIC AimiONT (MS NPndsIMMaitawefc 4.11-0 . AMada^ 

0 araii0NrLANe(DCewg4i)MTn8^9 canm 


0000 PALACE YARD (J Coward) JR-lankms 4-1 19. 

060 SONOFLAVB«AM(UrsJNicalades)JR. 

ROSE COIE (M Sinre Mrs P Sly 4-10-9 .... 

Bnblem. 51 Chadt fe OuL 8-1 Fhaworis 


____ D rOVMi 
jr- - 



IJenkns4.li9 OMorna(7) 


PdU, 4-1 Moral Vieary. 5-1 Easto 
Cadar, 14-1 Arctic Camp, UUhm, 


Newbury selecdons 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Bane Pole. Z30 Polar SunseL 3.0 PLUNDERING (nap). 3.30 
Mai^eU Key. 4.0 Bishops Yarn. 4.30 Pegwell Bay. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.30 MARSHELL KEY (nap). 

2.30 ARDINGTON NOVICE CHASE (e2348:3in) (19) 

203 PF2442 BACtZOBUOattont JNOsaon 8-119 

204 310400 CAPrAM(XHJRAOE(NZ)(Mre 6 Berm 


205 Ot/OOFO- COiniOtnTtUSA)(HRorWf)CA 

208 ua/22F WCT WEiAWaa oBlHr 

209 ■ ■ 

210 ... ... . 

211 009600 HIGHUWD CHATTER (Hunt 6 Co LUTS 

212 P4M4I3 HOPtoULSA»IT(TKMWK«ig2119 

213 044000 HOWAREYOUGOINa^SPnniLUSMslor7-119. 
215 222003 l£ANO(Tr(rWra^nAPeMnsS-1l9 


218 000993 PHAHAOH'SGmM 

Betmay) D Nwho b on 8-119 PSeudHim 
Bel 8-119. 

C AtinyaoB 9-119— . 

yS) (A Ford) L GlCenranJ 8-119 

-844 HAVSrACireR^(MnASiSHi0PHe|g^11-119 




I R VOetniy &119. 


r 9-119.. 

(Mrs F HmwtiG 6 Baldini 7-119 
[Mis.POConner) fA F 

Fontar 8-119 . 


049620 BAY PROSSER (L.,. - * „ 

REK A BET llvbs A dwppanJl Mrs V McHa 7-119 
3F0aF4 RaVALGAIBIT(SBnto«e4-ITGdtoni6-119 

Motfi^FHWiwn 10-119. 



Pawr Hobbs 

vmfr8UNDAV(UCalJCnamMtlnfie)NJHsndmsen7-119 SSnUhEecUs 

202900 WVELEA(GJotinson)JAEdwu«7-1l9 MrMRcnards 

3-lRoUrSiawat4-1RwtBMfsOwn.99R l4l »srbart11-2HopetulStoiL7-1 Ray Prosser, 
10-1 WhdsuiKUy- Eoyal Qanbd, 12-1 ofteta. 

3.n WOODHAY HANDICAP CHASE (E3,563:3in 2f 62jr(0 (16) 

aoSPOO GAUAHSI<0(CBIrdHI)FWalwyn10-11-10 

t214AI4 PtUW}BI6IG{NhsMValentt)e)FTWInur9-119 

41-1P04 BRteNT DREAM (HJoUJTGIKord 10-1 19 




307 DP-23P0 

309 1F11-00 

310 1P3110 
309222 COHEHBBI 
134903 SAUBERS(MnL 

BALLVMUUI (e)(F Shindmg F Shendtoi 9-119 
80LOBI niOLL Mrs J McKechnU S Mellor 7- ' 
HEIBBISON(P0idbi^PDufDsee8-10-l1 . 








(^ J A 10-196. 






T Clay 12-' 

(03210 R0yseAR(B^(JChm)JCIiBnm9-104 
102094 TRBIMmiAlkaidLGltonud10-103. 
1211P0 CRACXAJORE(CRanclB)TTB8 7-102 


.... KMoonay 


. PewrHoDM 


, RDunwooto 


^ JLowiDy 







IPWMU 13-109 KTownsend(7) 

328 SIMSS/ SP968NSRreL(H'Same4MssP'Bafflasl0-l09 MBasurd 

7-2 PtoKfarin. 4-1 BtinM Dmvn. 5-t St Ataan. 6-T C o Muii b er. 8-> GoUan Kml, 10-1 
Membarson, Cmck A JotolM Saudm. 20-t oftara. 

(E2324:2in 100yd) (21) 

. JLower 

407 2O90P3 MARSHELL lmV[RGuinar) Ms JPionanB-t 
40B 030/11- FASTIS (A sfi^NjHenclarsan 7-112 
410 RUSTSTDNEfR Brawn) RLBRown 6-10-13. 


TONE (R Brawn) RLBRown 6-10-13 


014-122 BaiAM MAJOR fflB/MwsPBarns M WtoPBmiies 9-109 
000400 JAIEAW0IAM0m(m(RlMIW6BBMiSna8-106. 
000000 aALlANrBUCK(8)(^PStOil)DRBswoRhT 
402000 SAIBEDim(m(()Therin)G8B«ttng9-l09. 

042300 WLDCORNSAIcefnaMWERatimT-feO 




Crauch) A Moore 7-109 . 

(DRmmOSnmgar 8-109 . 
PtMTra LAO (Mrs D OiigWiU D A Oufim 
428 eooouo JUJAMS(6ShoeinBk)ATunHl6^l09 

434 1090 ARCONAMfrPaareelPJ Jones 8-109 .... 

435 P9F300 ALETIS (P Gregarl) Mrs A f=inch 5-109..— 

436 3092aP T1iEFROCEreOR(JHunqRHowB5-l09 

OSIP/Onm SllMMERCO«E(KHteon)AM(nra 10-109 
439 00/0421 JACRBLJJIEn(KCuiKiek)( 

onoop/ IUUaM(aSA)(CVMchnm)C 

. DMusww 
. MButoy 
.. HR Gum 
_. PHofley 



Mason) A . 
OundelQPDCUKM 6-109. 

n)CPMA»nan 7-109. 

__ BGahrtn 



_ MC&PU 

S2 MusItoB Key. 5-1 Panto Prince. 112 RudstonB. 6-1 Fan Lady. S-1 FMiobala, 10-1 
IridUn Mqor, 12-1 Galart Buck. VWd Com, 14-1 Jate And Demond. 16-1 01^ ^ 


sot 41114P nHVTHMCPASTniES(PByme)JRjBr4dns6-tl-ia. 

502 13^PtP BBtolOVEUIl>m^Sa>iel>ury)TAForsUr6-119. 

504 UP91P1 BEHOP8TAm(fe(Br«ahTlioniigMmmRABPl^^B Balding 

505 12UPFP SZVERVrM(niShe6ftAIAbulCheRKbi)MsMnme^-lj^^ 

506 401423 PUKKA MAJOR BtoU(LUtMO Sherwood 5-109 


500 H)0911 BeHOSOUNDER(n|LaclyVasiey)TAPorstm7-109 
509 2IP032 HEWRM)G£(POutawMPOidoeae11'109 
51t P02POO BUCKEAilL(AGreig|IPWBrdle9-109 

IM Echo Sowider, 3-1 PMka MMv, 72 Btshops vmn. 6-1 Rhythmto Pastimas, 0-1 
Baigtim Ijd. 12-1 Stem WM. 14-1 oftara. 

4J0 MARCH NOVICE HURDLE (Div 2E2.125;te 100yd) (27) 

ou EVETRAP(MrsPHsRa)PWHmTl55-11-7 

HANSB.'S RUN P Haonen) Miss E Sn«M 5-11-7. 
P HWE OFF (A AxtaidDRBswotth 5-11-7 

P HWE OFF (A AxtaiOPRBswotth 5-11-7 

flPO JiniY^ARDS]DrDChesn^DCheBiey5-ll-7 
P NEWROIMEY/REABottLidlrTMlIntorS-ll-?..... 


3 PS6IVBJ.BAV(IWjAtortBw|PJHobta6-tt9 NOafMs 

0 SIGNAUllAN(MnAChtonun)OSheniiood5-l1*7 CCob|4) 

0 THE LORDS TAVERNER (MPataiicotlJTGAord 6-1 1-7 PatorHobto 



. OrDChnay 

00 UNCLE SPOT (PVMtomlJWtobber 5-1 1-7 

yVMSKEY TNE (Mrs J McotatoaNJ R Jenkins 6-112 


0 FILLTHEJII9ffRM8^PR(todM5-112 

00 rTAIJANSPfmGiJ»own)WGVMoMnton5-112 

30 LADYNEWTONtturtvHoMngiLUJCFQxS-ll-S — 

0- SWSr8TART(GKnitol)6Thonim6-112 

0 A ncllBP i t O (lady HBiGeergMNJ Henderson 4-119 

03 ARNHALL(n{AMfiu)NJHendBrsen4'119 

400 BBEHCXBpilnBCMuriA Moore 4-1 1-0 


0 JANAAB#BruriaJRJerfSns4-11-0 

P KMG%jraTBi(BGDiTiaf«PAPriKh8rd4-l19 

020 KUWAn'H(irAR(DVIIftS|MMaclgwtt4-119 

340 UGKTDecl8mN(lJaineMCCTAUIne4-l19. 















100-30 AtiVial, 72 PsgweO Bay, S-l Oama Ron. 102 Pfunun, 6-1 Lady Newton, 10-1 
12-1 Dedwon, 16-i others. 


r 4-11-0- 



VENTURE ID R90RM(V Domngton) A J Miaeen 4-119 . 
0 DAME FLORA (HKiRM*s)FWfaiwyn 4109 


_ S Snatfi Eeelas 
. Mbs C Moore (7) 






..... M H atf in atoH 



K Mooney 

Rhnmm, 25-11 : Z Cai a an 
12-11; 3. Cecil ' 

1 R k ioe 

RAN; 92 lav Atanumicai Ord 
Refto. IM RusOlng. 6-1 


(G buF^. 9-y. 


10-1 Mssican MR, AppeMbig 

11-1 Deiieato oeai^ i2-i AMiam. 
i4-fAl Mate, ()cean Lite. Lady FlTBpow ar 
16-1 WBUva. 25-1 Atdoon nvim, 
33-1 African 

Gunn, Cut A Caper, Goldan 
FWaiwe. Haibem Bazaar, Johnny 
man. The CoutWes. wtolMi Guard, 
Keradam, ABcoota Em. SlonetoDic8r(5iti). 
30 tali. XL 1L 7L hZ' 3L'M TenraUne at 
Wew msr kBt TeW : £5090; Eia-toTtoEa 
£220. OR winnor wift amfoihm horse 
£4Ea CSF: £32357. 2 mln20:42 sac. 


3L 17 rari Nte L u^ Blow. 

I Kiha TeW: 



1 , WhORT Bum K 
Shotingd (25-1); Z 
(89- 17 raiL NR: Lucky 
ran. Nte Lucky Blow. 1 
Dudgemi.ToW: £!&4a £393 £423 
n^DF: £135Ja CSREAMAi. 
i20 (3m cM 1 , VMeao (P Scudamore. 7- 

: Z OBSdo Wanton ^ IM_3 Somy 

-1111 ran. XI. 

££ilf £2m £1.10. £3750 DF: 

CSF: £2Z40. TMCAST: £27&2l. 

3J»(2iT01. S eayouaround(M Brennan, 
33-1); Z Btaua (iMk A OibiWI 
Manoauvere @M); 4. Vnodland View 
Q^IL biBisty tedH ^ M 20 ranJilR; 

WtoM IXL nk. O Brerman.'roto : £7(L20; 

E95a £353 £Z50. £720. DF: £3620. 

CSR £35227. TRICAST: £7.10024. 

320 tin 1^ 1 . Run (Mr J WraftMI. 
138 M Z Gate Pnm (4<t); 3. 
HonouraiW Man ti-lL 16 ran. NR: 
Naugny NIace. SL 2XL R Weaning. Tote: 
raA £120. £120, £323 OF: £420. 

' 42 fon 51 cM 1. Braaa Cham (M 
ncliards, 11-2); Z Jubitea Ugiaa (»i); 3. 
My Uejor (81m). Oaktay House (3-1 tevl. 

Sagaro dies 

Sagaro, the only boire to win 
the Ascot Gold Cup three times, 
died of a heart atuick at foe 
Emral Stud. Qwyd, yesterday. 
Trained in Fiance by Francois 
Bwlin, Sagaro domioaud the 
top European stayers* races and 
completed his Ascot treble in 


43 409 LEKAWAYTMce 6-10-9 

46 Stoia MORGAN 6 Pme 5-109- 

49 00 SPACE KATES ETevam5-109 




2m) (18 runners) 

1 142 FONTRUFGRT(nPWBh«yn 11-5 DBrewne 

4 01 SUPER REGALraMreMRmd 119 GMcCowt 

6 0100 TOPSOa.P)D1liMU119 ACrnioa 

PIP FOURSPm^icnii-a 

. MR O BlB i rff(7) 
49 Riwa Rosa. 4-1 TWeiradm, 6-1 Eesdale, 5-1 Ogden YM. 1M 
Rose Huaam. 16-1 ofters. 

345 BiTTERLEY NOVICE CHASE (Dhr 1 £1 ,406; 2m 


9 ym BQARDMANSVAUIERtalQnB8-119-.DliWWaffla 
13 F09 FAIJ(LANDC0NQUER0RGKndeislay8-119. 

P30 cnnusoN 


00 PRtSKY HOPE Ms JEwna 10-12 

04 GALTBHOtUSAlAJVMsonlO-ia — 

040 gFNROr-eOY A James 10-12 

LLOVDSOFTOSheiwood 10-12 

MASTER ATTOnCY D McCan 10-12. 

00 NEWFARMERJPPnea 10-12 


3 SPA i iaiimi JSUwaito 10-12 — - 

OOO WBl.*SWAillORG Ham 10-12 

00 EXALTED DAWN R Prow 10-7 

0 SKANOAROBA JO Thames 10-7. 

. JJOtWi 



- JSudwm 





1 M fort Ritomt 3-1 Ltoyds GilL 4-1 supm Regal. 6>i i 

1 Spmdsh Ran, 10-1 four Spot 12*1 Crimson Soto. 16-1 others. 

Lndlow selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Fon Rupert. 2.45 Border Butg. 3.15 Riva 
Rose. 3.43 Mmuba Road. 4.15 Ishkomann. 4.45 

Lochboisdale. 5. 1 5 Ring Lou. 


19 fPP K JOHN Mss SBenyon Mown 6-1 19 _ MBriaboinu 
SO veo spEADCNeCKmJSpem 16119. 

33 OHF WIGGBURNUre^Haret7-119. 

36 64P ANNA’S MTTE R OUksnsi 7.1612-- 

41 -OOQ LAPrHAM 0IMIC aPBaaey61612-i 

42 23UU MAJUBAROAOOtoims 61612. 

46 -FOP SAUCY HOPS Preeee 61612 PtflUr(7) 

7-4 FsOdand Cenquaim. 62 Ainitier HaH. 61 Bemdmni's VWue; 
61 Mapiia Road, 16l Lady Hamshire,l6l others. 


1 0200 fSNKOHANN J Spearing 7-161 ^ 

2 0200 TrrAnnnirnrni[irrifi(n) iriiwwiiifi no PBmum 

3 T4M HATAKAZEmGLV Wlom s 7-119— MrBDowBiniT) 

5 349 VOVAIir(nRPeriihs7-11-4 OUMBfims 

6 im EASIBil62Efli)JHBBlar611-2 BMcCourt 

7 TO RADSOWtAOYJ Thome 61613 MPitmM 

a -000 r~1 ~ “iHnitiinit T IT tt 


10 129 BELTANE TIE SWTHfCOlJ Time 6169. DBratHA 


11 049 BALUCMSNll6Pra8a^109 

12 049 PATRICirSFMRReacod(16 

(AmatuBrs:£680:3m} (18) 

222U9 BOHDBt BURG m JUe Ut BCk n 6129 



13 0004 BAUyWESTRHe^6161 






9 42-P CHEBOO ORA (Ml) H Perry 16129—. JVHWhai(7) 
4 16U ELI0GARTY(9DJMieiaySM1M29_ 

Mbs C Beasley (7) 

5 009 UnesOIE PARK (9 Mrs A Price 16129 


6 109 SMRTANRAHBLER(C-iq(BF)HHiiBby6129 

COT 0 M(n 

7 B36 BACHBARlADDRMto 11-119 MPneam 

9 C2P- OUKEOFSARAGUAVGPerd 12-119 SCowlaym 

10U/B9 MAtLBRSTMrsPMuAKi 11-119^ BHmiinm(7) 

11 MAItoOSOMroDCa|»7-«*9 — 

12 0 ROCKCANDrMrsPJanasl6ll9_. OSnpneis(7) 

13 OPP- $PeClALVEWMrsltoiTy7-1l9.-.— AKs6a^(7} 


Evens Border Boro. 61 Bkigaily, 61 (SieMito Ora, 61 Btakely 

Lane, 61 SpatBD RmilBr. )6i OBura. 



1 Mil nVAROSEMtsJRfenwi611-10-... 

5 BBIOBfEMByRFnnt 5-11-0 

8 B BURRQaBIAIDDHcCaft5119-.. 

7 4 EASDAl£NGB9M8e6119 VMcKevm 

17 806 IIARSTUNN0aB(USA)BP8Sng6119~CEvaiB(7) 

9 8300 OGDEN YORK JEVaneeme 6119— ... JJOKito 

21 0 RAflEtlBBQYQO'Nea6119. .. JSuftam 



1NlB0TTRlWMadda6l19 SJO'NeB 

34 0020 WI II T EFIU URS Ms A HaraO 6-11-D MWftBis 

38 9 ASWAN DAM R Rost 5-10-9 JFiOSt 

40 9 ffiLD CHANCE JS King 610a DBiOwna 

10/066 OOBSONSOOlraiOtoEErEvmuS-MM) PMtow 

19 4FDD UTTIJIUIOON HUT Ifonoii 7-109 MBowlby 

26 RMD HYDE I An(teison6l09 TWOI 

31 3/03 CORNISH MtfCRTJ Price 7-109 .. Ur MRielimdS (7) 
61 Ishkomm. 61 Somers Hair. 6l Sim Of SereeiL 61 
Bahh a na frnAh, 61 fosarftoa. 161 Vow 161 oftais. 

445 BITTERLEY NOVICE CHASE (Dfv 2:ei ^:2m 

16 m GOMGORLi 

... WWbnhhgion 

20 TO LOCHBOISOAL£(USA)JKIng61l9 Dftowne 


34 -0» «HT GWEN J Penan 6161 

>6119. PMchoib 



40 OM MtfmtLCWMESJLfoeam 7-1612 PVItamm 

44 06P PM^ANMOtom 7-1612 JDDc^(4} 

45 -000 SAlIYBLUECFCJackson 161612 JBriK) 

61 LuGhbendaiB.61 Genge.61 HtoelulCiMNS,61 Fiiaotole. 

61 Read To Mandalay, 161 omsra- 

5.15 ASTON HANDICAP CHASE {£1,721 :2m) (10) ' 

1 SMP iTsaori)iBeAiiHaKr(60)(BF)uiawftitoa 


6 114/ ieDBUfrrLADlnMwnesnHm6i67 — 

11 209 TAKEAFENCBMHenrkm6l60 GMcCOUlt 

12 2033 -neRj0aRLAYER(nJHBaker61(M)MLHmvey(7} 


14 900 TALLVRA» A P James 7060 

15 MOP BE MY LUCK RJ Hodges 6169 

Ring m. 61 HsgatobaalnghL 61 Takaatenca, 61 The 
Fieeriayer, 6i vonay Jusmo. 161 ofters. 


• TJonao 


• • ■; ."rv: •?. 


^ i 





Warren steers Sibson 

away from Graham 
in search for the top 

as tbe ofifeial chaUenger for 
the Eurcqxan midtUemigtit 
^ held by his aidKival, 
Herol Giabam, of 
After tho sucGcssfol defimce Of 
the Comibonwealth title 
against Umani Sanda, of Gha- 
na, on Wedaesdn in which he 
won evoy lound, Sibson bad 
a talk widi his adviser and 
piomoiei; Wairen, and 

decided to give up tte chase. 

fielievehtt that the Sheffield 
middlewei^t with tbe &d^ 
fbotwQck would lead him a 
dance that in the end could 
prove a waste of tune, Sibson 
IS to coDcentiate on getdog 
into foe tcq> contenders' list by 
another route. 

•P By Srifciiiiiar Sen, BoxiDg Correspondent 

Tony ffibsoB has wtbdfawn the eUminatois fiff the ti^ to 

and we may even get Craham 
andTony fighting as Nal and 
No^,** Warren sa^ *'The 
that fight waits the 
more money it will nuJK.** 

ffibsem said yesterd a y; **1 
want Graham badly, hi feet, 
Frank and I have rows 
about it. But I realize that 
Graham is looking fix' a world 
tide and not looung n> fi ^t 
me at foe moment** 

Warren wants ffibson to be 
in the um finir tw the time 
Marvin Ha^ retires at the 
beginning of next year after 
equalling or beating Carlos 
Mmarark reomd of 14 de- 
fences. Then Sibson will be in 

Sibson could start his climb 
in the ranldnes by lakiog on 
Dong de Witt tbe world 
NalO, next month and later 
meet the vmaec of the bout 
between Don Lee. who 
knocked him out in eight 
rounds, and James Kind^ 
Sibson also has tbe otion of 
aooeptiiig a diallei^ ibr hb 
Conimonweahh title from 
Hunter O^, of Nigeria, who 
tc^etber with his compatriot 
Billy Famous, will be working 
under Gary Davidson at the 
Thomas A BeckeL 

**It is time for Sibson to go,** 
Clay said. ‘*He could not 
knodc down Sanda yesterday. 
I knodeed him down seven 
times in two figbts.** liiis 
seemed a valid boast in view 
of tbe fact that Sibson hit 
Sanda with shots that would 
have'^taken out** many an 
opponent But Sibson, v4io 
was having only his second 
bout after an enforced lay-off 
of 14 monfos, said: **I wantol 

a few rounds under my 
People want to see me 
explode but in the end it is 
skill and brains that matter, 
hit him with some good shots 
but he remained stone feoed 
and just kepi sticking his jab 

The explosion came in the 
ninth round — not from 
Sibson but from a small groiq) 
of people in the more expen- 
sive seats a few rows from 
riitgside who suddenly blew 
up and started throwing 
pundies and chairs at eadi 
other. Nobody knows why. 
Our man wss winning round 
after round after alL It was like 
something out of a John 
Wayne movie where every- 
body starts gefong into the act 
when Wayne is brating up the 
boddie in the bar. It was 
probably started by one of the 
gremlins that cre^ into my 
report of foe bout and had you 
believii^ that tbe riot was 
carried into the ring. Warren, 
who denies that dbairs were 
huried, said that at bis next 
show at Alexandra i^vilion he 
will have snatch squads firom a 
leading security fum and vid- 
eo cameras to keep an eye on 
trouUe makers. 

World title bout for Andries 

It eouM be Aprt in Paris for 
the BritiA Hshr hunritf i/lil 
Asanrioo, Deaus Aofoies. Mis 
wetld tide bool gainst dw 
WBC rtHHnpion, JJB. WDCsb- 
SM b fixed for April 30 in cifoer 
Louden or Perb. Indeed, 
^Arbeb meaigrr Greg Sleenc 
had to Bake foe choke of wUcb 
mrid titleAoldcr hb man 
should fight. 

-■There was abs oa offer a 
luffliai with foe WBA chuH 
plea, Marria Johasoa, k la- 
diiaepeBs, bat foe prospect of 
the WilBeanon ceatest bCBig OB 

boaw territoiT — or near to U- 
swasfed foe issue. Stieene said 
r^OMonsly, foe Earapcaa tide 
foaneage agoiast Alex Blan- 
chant OB 28 wfll now be 
shelved oatil after Deaab^ fight 
Mtiast WiUninson. Damb b 
claled. Few boxers ooold expect 
a first rhance at the world tide 
after the age of 30.** 

Barry McGoigan b not yet 
coroBiitted to defend hb WBA 
featherweight tide against 
Argendna^ Fcnauido Sosa la 
Las Vegas on Jane 23 - deqritc 
reports from America. 

BMl.Eastwood, McGaigaa's 
aauu^, said yes te r d ay that be 
warned to dbcass foe matter 
with McGoigaa before commit- 
dag him to foe deftaee on the 
same bill as the Dob Carry- 
Mike MeCalhim Ught-middl^ 
weight contest. 

Fkaak Bnmo has pven up hb 
Earopean hravyweight tide, 
rather than be forced bto a 
defence a litde kaowa 

Datcfamaa, Van den Oetebac, 
which aeitber be nor hb man- 
ager^ Terry Lairicss, waats. 


Critics invited to 

view plastic pitch 

Target for 

Lnion Town, figlniiig badk in 
the controve^ over plasik> 
have invited tbe tdiair- 
men of all 91 other Leagim dubs 
10 a m eet i ag at Kenilwarth 

Jjacoter and Coventry are 

nmdKtic sarfoonTT^ have 
foe sipport of most of tbe first 
division clubs and vrill ask this 
sununei's league annual general 
meeting to outtaw the insiaila- 
titm of any more artificial 
phdKs. Leicesler have sent out 
a qucstiooaiie to every dnb. but 
John Smid^ Liiiob*s executive 
diiector said jresteiday: **We 
wdoome a fidl dd»te oa the 
suhket. hot the vast majority of 
Chios have not bad die opporUi> 
aity to see our pitd..** Smith b 
tryma to set up an **open fiamm** 
for aub ebainnea at hb dab’s 
ground befbie the end of the 

Luton win conduct sdenttfic 
tests on the pitdi, and produce a 
doarier showing that injuries 
have been reduced rince th^ 
introdnoed the surfooe. Luton'S 
pitdi satisfies strict criteria set 
by die Sports CoundL 
• Dean Sauad^ BriAtoa*s 
youiQ forward b one of five 
iriayers put on stand-by for 
matoh against the 
RepuUk of Irdand in Dublin 

on Wednesday. Abo ready to 
step in for Wales, if tequiied, are 
goaUaxper, Andrew Dibbte (Lu- 
ton), Dave Wiliams (NorwichX 
Steve Lovell (Millwall) and 
Malcolm Mallen (Wadbrd). 

• Bristol Rovers have a^oed in 
prindple to share Bath City’s 
ground when they leave 
Eastville Stadium after next 
season. No final decision will be 
made however until tbe third 
division dub have had further 
talks on ground-sharing with 
tbdr neiAbouts, Bristol City 
and the local ooundL Rovers ate 

is stability 

Nim-Leam Football 
by Pmu Newman 

currently payiiH £55,000 a year 
rent at Sistville, vdiere they 

have played all their League 
fbotball, but the stadium owners 
want to sellout to devetopers. 
Rovers* chairman, Denis 
Dunfoid said yesterday that hb 
board would reach a decision 
befbie the end of May. 

• Luton have put on tbe trans- 
fer-list their defender, Adiley 
Grimes, aged 28, and midfield 
player Andy King. 

• Oxford Umteirs ] 


tion from the Gob League for 
tbe second time in four seasons, 
are hoping to appoint a ikw 
manager before tbeiF home 
game tomorrow against the 
leadets, Enfield. The Cumbrian 
dub’s caretaker ptayer-manager, 
David Johnson, the finmer 
Engbiid forw ar d, has terigi^ 
afti^ fiuUng to arrest a slide 
wdiicb has left them bottom of 
the table with only three wins in 
31 matches. 

Barrow have experienced a 
torrid time in tbe last 16 
months, during which they have 
had five managers, Pet^ 
DmmeU, Brian Kidd, Bob Muf^ 
diy, hlaurice Whittle and 

Johnson. Bill McCullough, tbe 
chairman, said: **We have made 

against Arsenal at Manor 
on April 19 has been learrangeo 
of Oxford’s involve 
ment in the Milk Cup final on 
April 20. Tbe new date is 

mistakes in the past and our 
next manager has to be ab- 
solutdy tbe riAt man for the 

*The dub needs stability and 
we must build for the fiituie. I 

won’t accept thax we're relegaied 
until that’s a mathematical oer- 

Mom^, May 5, two days jfter 
tbe official endii 

ending of the Footr 
ball League season. 

tain^, but the new 


warning to 
their rivals 

Ban threat to 
final dream 

wonT be judged on whether be 
keeps us up or not We want a 
manager with proven ability in 
senu-ptofessioDal fbotball and 1 

already have someone lined up 
I fits tbe bUL” 

Agencies — Baneloaa, con- 
q u erots of Juventus, tbe hold- 
ers, w31 be joined in today's 
European Qip draw in Geneva 
by Andeitecht. Steana Budiarest 
and GdidMig. Anderieebt have 
never won the European Ctq) 

The Qdm^ Fnft Rangen 
wia wy r Jim Smith, eould 

out on a foiry^tale return 

but the manner of their 2-0 (3-2 
' •^t197' 

on aggregate) win over the 197^ 
76 winners Bayern Municb 
they would be worthy 


kept alive Scandina- 
vian intenst -> albeit on away 
g p yi y — after diawii^ 0-0 with 
AbcAecn, to become the first 
Swedish dub to reach the semi- 
finals of tbe European Cup since 
Malmd in 1979. The Swedes, 
UEFA Cap winnen in 1982, 
weie fovowed to go through 
foUowing fodr 2-2 draw m 
Se^and two wee k s ago. and 
goalkeeper Thomas Wemetsson 
was never realhr usled. 

Bayer UcrdmMn, of West 
Omwm y. straed one of the 
most lenuulaMe comebacks in 
football history m the 
Cup Winnete* Oip whm they 
aeored ax second-half gods 
their East German vi> 
ftors Dynmo Dresden. Dy^ 
— fin>, 20 first l 4 winners, led 
3-1 at balttiine and must have 
been contemNating a semi-final 
Mpognnee whoi Bayer uih 
leariied dieir six^oal avalanche. 

To add to Dynamo's dis- 
eomfitme; one of their players 
was repc^ to have defected 
alia the match. 

his former chib, Oxford Unted, 
in next month’s Milk Cop BmI 
at WemUey after his **seadiiig- 
ofi" at Chdsct on Wednesday 
night. Smith was ordered away 
by tbe Ldoesteishire referee , 
Howard Taylor, in the last 
minute oftfae 1 - 1 -diaw. 

The Rangen* manager left the 
10 aigoe over an in- 

it involving Rougvie; tbe 
na fuD back. 


• A joint cup competition is to 
be si^ed from next season by 
the Goh League and its three 
“feeders'*, the Multipart, 
Vauxhall-Opel and Southern 
leagues. Tbe Premier Inter- 
League Oip wfll be contested by 
all 22 Gola dubs and 14 from 
eadi of the premier divisions of 
the other three leagues, whid) 
will stage their own qualifting 
competitions. From the Bist 
round proper onwards, the cup 
will be run on a one^m knodc- 
out basis. It will be cuawn in 
pons until the semi-finals, 
competition wfll refdace 

Chdsea fuD bade, and hisgoal- 
sooring substitute. Kerslake. 
Smith may have to eqdain 
faimsdf bdbre an FA disd- 
plioary inquiry. If be is found 
guilty of bnitgmg tbe game into 
disrroute, be could be kept fiom 
tbe WemUey dug-out 

The value of Sbeedy to 
Everton triien it comes to dead- 
baO situations was never better 
illusiraied dian in the 3-1 Screen 
Sports Super Cup semitifittal 
vwtoiy over Tottenhani at 
Goodison Park. He had a hand 
iu all three goals in his dub’s 
extra-time ^tback through 
Heath, Mounmeld and Sharp. 

Chullon boosted thdr second 
divisioo promotion hopes with 
a 2-1 win at Bradford, while the 
third divisiMi leaders, Beading, 
had to thank a last minute gom 
fimn Seuior for their 2-1 win 
over Relhcrhaai. Reading's ca|^ 
tain, Hicks, has been ruM out 
for the rest of the season with a 
tri]^ fracture of tbe jaw. 

the Gola League’s Bob Lord 
r, but the three feeders 


will continue to nm their own 
league cup oomp^tions. The 
G(« Lead’s Championdiip 
Shield, previously contested Iv 
tbe lea^ chamiMons and Bob 
Lord TiOffliy winners, will now 
feature the chamirions against 
tbe FA Trophy winners, pn^ 
vided the latter are fitm the 
Gola League. 

• The Gola League are to return 
. to a system of three points ^ a 
win and one for a draw. For the 
last two seasons, three points 
have been awarded for an away 
win, two fora home win and one 
for a draw. 

Peter Hunter, the Gola 
League secretary, said: “We 
heuied this experiment would 
result in more anaddng foot- 
balL but althou^ this happened 
at first the effect has not lasted. 
Tbe spfgm has riso caused 
confusion at tiroes and we want 
to get in line with the Football 
Ld^ue in readiness for our 
promotion and reksation link 
with them.** 



gqigMgPOa TSUPffl aiPr Se^fod 
Bveontf Owrtpn & TottanhiM 

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iss,%°ss ?ssLii 'tssrs. 


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win 9-2); Ban Uardingan 7, 
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SU CVrCIftTIM maid Laeda 

S.VIMM8 0. 

KR 1A HBMax 29; 8i Heiana 28, SaRerd 

BTbe Gola will b^n 

the 1986-87 season on August 
1 6. a week earlier than usual. 

• Two Multipart Les^ clubs. 
South Liveipod and Hyde 
United, have announced pUuis 
to install artifioal surfeces. 
South Uverpool's will be part of 
a redevelopment prr^ramine, 
backed by a local breweiy, 
which includes a new dubhouse 
and improvements to the stand, 
dressing rooms and tenaciitg. 

Hyde's 9 t>und vrill become part 

ot a sports oompln bang 

developed by their focal ooui 


10; WariMwim 43. HUI 1A Sacond 
MaWKWaMMdsa ~ 


• David Pearce, the Banet 
forward, has joined another 
Gda Leagu e dub, Dagentwm. 
for a sinau fee. 


Cambri^ Bine: Fiona MacdonaW practises at Ganton 

Another first for 

the Light Blues 

By Nicholas KeHli 

Fiona Macdonald today be- 
comes the first woman to mn a 
golf Blue when she tees off frir 
Cambrk^ in the University 
match against Oxlbid at Gan- 
ton. In doing so. she follows in 
Um wake, of Sue Brown, who 
made the headlines when she 
coxed tbe Cambridge eight in 
tbe Boat Race. 

The Cambridge golf team 
believe that she is capable of 
handling the pressure and tbe 
course even from the men’s tees. 
She has proved herself this term 
by winning haif ^ singles 
matches, aiai she is also a 

memberoftbeEndand Bsquad, 
handicap of one. 

playing offa 
Having been surprised by a 

^vy defeat at Rye last 
nbridgie ' ' 

Cambridgie have woridng 
harder at their preparations. 
Iain Smith, their seoetary. re- 
ported that ‘The attitude is 
better. With the necessary 
commitment and concentia- 
tion. we can avei^ last year’s 
defeat** However, be bemoaned 
the poor intake of golfers in the 
last two yeai^ noting that 
ndther universi^ has induded 
an undeigraduaie freshman. 
Among the Camlnidge new hayt 
is Briw Bergstrom, an Ameri- 
can wtK> is over frir one year, 
and has already ifliwed in tbe 
University haskrtbau match. He 
is a long hitter, and has played 
American football'for Harvaid. 

David Meacfaer, who must be 
tired of being refened to as *The 
son of the Labour politician’’, 
deserves to be recpgnized purely 
for his golf, as be is aiguably the 
best iflaycr at eitber aniversity. 
With a simple and dassical 
swing, he almost bnflee the 

course record in vrinning the 
dub diampionship at Higgle. 
He and bis captain, Simon Ellis, 
are each piayiiq for the third 
time in the match, and they 
have a nudeus ofthree other old 
Blues in sumon: Smith, John 
BusheU, and Giarles Ellison, the 
brother of the England cricketer. 
Richard, and himself a cricket 

Both rides have had a poor 
record rainst the dubs and lost 
their final matches against 
Ganton (Oxford the more 
heavily. 15K to 216). Michad 
MaePb^ the Oxford captain, 
has lardy been able to fidd his 
s u roi^T side. Oxford have six 
old EUues. i^uding Karl 
Frearsou, the secretary, whose 
mother, Mrs Diane Bailey, has 
played in the Curtis Cup. David 
Paterson is restored to the side, 
having been left out last year. It 
is expected to be a dose match. 

ahhqugfa Qxfixd mil by a 1<^ 

in the series, having won 
times to Cambridge's 54. with 
five halved. 

OXFOMfe M W ■ R MwriM* (Edtaburah 
AcKtanw anj Oriat. capo. K Ftaaraon 
(ChartarnouM and ChiM Chiacig, D LI 
BandMI (OkMa and OiM), M H HMMi 
WhUv (CharWitNiaB and Exater). W H P 

Qttag Edwwd VS. Lyttwrn an) SI 
c u R M Hal (WnolttalBr and 
mV. T E Dfraam (BucAnal 





tlBwei attf and KebU J E 
andnmbroCa). D J 

s Dana (r< 

Pambroka, capo. I <1 M SnWi 

Aeadamyand Qinofrt. C D 
IVMwn and nzmpam), C C 

runfaridge aid Homartian). ^ R I 

a enemond and Penibnika}, H A-Psagn 

FatM and Trinlly HalVS D D awaHraw 

Canard and BranamiaO. O W DMaojSI 

■aid's wid St Caniwin^ wm pJ 

MacdonaM ^ FeSx and Ttindy), A M 
SpwSng (TonM^ and THnlty 


Southgate in 
position of 
more comfort 

are cancelled 

By Sydney Frisian 

Hounslow were beaten 5-3 by 
Bromley in the premier rfiviskm 
of the Pisa Express London 
League ou tbe aitiSda] turf 
pitch at Feltham mi Wednesday 
night Barnett (three) and Rkh- 
ards (two) scored for Bromley; 
Meakins (two) and Bhaura for 
Hounslow, who lost their un- 
beaten record and left South- 
gate, the champions, in a mote 
comfortable positiott at tbe top 
of the table. But Hounslow, 
provided they win their four 
remaining matches, c*" «*iii 
overhaul Southgate, who have 
only one match left to play. 

Bishiv^ Steitford, who have 
ibiee matches left, are at the top 
of the premier divisioD in the 
Norwich Union East League 
with a total of 33 poiuis. 
foDowed by Bedford, who have 
{flayed the same number of 
games and have 29 points. 

East Cfinstie ad have 
ened their grip at the top ofthe 
premier division in the 
McEwan's Lager South 
havingearned3I fiointsfrom 13 
matches with two pwt ehes 
reining- On their beds are 
ludlaii Gymkhana with a total of 
29 poinis and one game still to 
be played. In each of these 
leagues there are three points for 
a win and one for a draw. 

By Jt^oe Wluteliead 

This is {Moving a difficult yeu* 
for (flayers and organizers in 
women’s hoefc^ and money 
(flays a laige part. First the 
WoirM Cup cfaainpiottship was 
moved from Vancouver to 
Amsterdam; tbe dates have been 
changed from July to August IS 

Now the international tour- 
nament in Moscow, arranged 
for this week, has been can- 
celled. as too has the inters 
national tourimmeiit in New 
Zealand which was fixed for 
next month. New Zealand tele- 
visimi wfll not show the matdi, 
so the RpOQSOis have withdrawn. 
There is a (mssibility that 
AusU^ia m^ take it on, but 
time is ninning short. 

These last two tournaments 
greatly affect Canada, whose 
(flans for building up to the 
World Ctip brought them to 
Britain on February 10 for a six- 
weefe tour ending in Moscow, 
and were to movt on to New 


The Wales natirmal dub 
championship semi-ilnals 
brou^t one smprise last Sun- 
day, n^ien Wrexham beat Swan- 
sea 2 p 0. They udll meet Cwbiu, 
who defeated Penartb t-0 on 
Saturday, in the final at Cardiff 
on A(nii27. 



aim to be 



By Nkbolas IbriiiQ 

So little is basfcetbail is cer- 
tain that not even Team Folycdl 
KinstM^ success in the 
Oaiub^ National Qmmpioa- 
shlp (fl^y^ finals that b^ at 
WemUey toni^t can be gua^ 
anteed. Kiitg^ start their 
semi-final against Walkers 
Crisps Leksster as ovenriietfli- 
iii^ fovQuriies to add the 
chaminoiiriup to their Pruden- 
tial Cib triumph in January, but 
there have bera so maiw sur- 
prise results in tfaefflayoffi and 
lesmie that siuNfier one cannot 

'Not the least of those shodfs 
was Leicester’s edipse of the 
leabie chBflqrioQS, Shar^ Maa- 
chraisr United, on thor own 
^r^ord court in a dedrive 
quartBF^ul playoff two weeks 
^o. ADen Looi^ the Ldeester 
coach, (Kedicted, somevduu 
ounageo^r riiordy before- 
hand that two of the top three 
dubs in the ksgue would fell to 
readi Wembley. With Leioester 
(Mining (laid to United and 
itomiMaha— Britets di»osing 
of the third (flacad dub, PUite- 
mooth, his forecast came true. 

Leioesier are one of only Ibur 
dubs to have beaten Kingrion in 
the league over tbe past -two 
years. Althoi^ they were ul- 
timately outtflayed in their last 



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UhfllSlM: - * 

BOMA CflkiM 127. 
P MWS109; mSS&UTSm 118, 
CHeago BiM lift San Antonia S^ 11S, 

Adana Hawks 112 oenwr langsB 11^ 

Oama Ptom rib ftaMna sSm 108. 


mra JTATES: MM LngiiapH^ 



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Whalan S. a mas Buaa a 

Mnnasota Nortt) Sun 6, Oatasnr FWmea 5; 


Butlato Sabraa 4 . VMGOiMr 1 

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M Maaon 16 . j Hsndenon aa A Brawn 14 . F 


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UAU Plaafe Hun 8. Leugkban^ 25. 
BRmSH FOLYT t a wfe S W, Ftafe ShW- 

168-104; RMi aoons flWan Mps IM E 
Ttanas 20. K Toner M; J fSSSa M M 

ounn 9; R Jonas 28. E an 19; M Pomm 

27, A Brawn 20; J DaM 31, M Mtfen 13: $ 
Olar 26 .NG 8 B 0 ni 8 . 


Sfetq J 

FarnboenA. Hanft 
Qa^ R Gaaa (Cumiiqn M 8iM. 

PboM 23-14; A Crew. M Hupns 
^^nEGaUm.00arWen~ ' 



bsRoriiii^S iijM 1: k n a p awawa GBoa 




8 I 

Junkn 4; (Mon l. bomOQ Coraola l: 
EManlaa La Plan 2. Taireertey 1; San 
Ufano 3, PlaiaiiH 9; Twaraa Ooraoba I, 

vataz Santaaku : Radng Oardoaa a NawaTs 

00 Ben 3: Araininoa Jinon a Faire Carrti 

Oeate 0. Uwfig poaManss l. River Piaia. 
0)011} 2, Mvaira 0188^ 43; 3. Deporave 

1 CUP: reyancord 1 , FWtuna smard Z 

AKkan (DasMiini. MaUariiaBn 
Jordan. A ABoa^ iCouwokl StM M S 

W WMHRan ma; Q BMra. B 


FOnTMVERS: Rodda Oaaaie, Hill miHdi I 

Leiceater had dominated 
earty (uoceeduigs 

Looiun, who com] 
loud and long after the 
game that Bontrager, the home 
team’s guard, bad been given 
preferential treatment the 
officials, will DO doubt be watch- 
ing closely tonight Bontrager, 
Davis and dark will have to 
maintwin thdr KceUt eom{)el- 
ling form to ke^ Kingston on 
course the title they missed 
out on last year when Manches- 
ter United beat them in a 
memond^ final. 

Crystal Fahce, another team 
to have beaten Kingston r> 
oently in tbe league, take on 
Bunungham in the first semi- 
final. It will bejust like dd times 
with these two diflss feeing each 
other at Wembley; in three 
suocesrive seasons from 1978 to 
1980 they featued in the finaL 
Palace winning on each 

Paul Stiin(»pa,'of PaJaoe, is 
tbe only survivor from those 
meetings, and the Endand inter- 
national could inspire Palace to 
another unn if he (flays as wdl as 
be did in hd()ing his dub defeat 
Manchester manls in their 
recent decisive (flay^ff at Al- 
trincfaanL PBlaoe will be spon- 
sored for the first time by 
Simod the Italian leisure wear 

Birmingham, however, will 
be anything but a (Misbover. The 
way they (flayed at PcHismonth 
in the quancr-frnal play-offs to 
detet that esqieravdy assem- 
Ifled dub' twice in three days, 
precipitating- the. detnrture 
tbe home team’s'.-odadi, Danny 
Palmer, they could beat any 
other Engiisb team. 


Cambridge keep 

their composure 



This year's Boat Race crews evitablyeodedupwU tad a^^ 

seem to lose evny time they 
out Oxford understandably 
went down to a narinnal squad 
d^t 00 Wednesday evening 
and yesterday moming Cam- 
bridge gave way to a multi- 
lalented Itatian right- Both 
crews are, it has to be said, 
chflndng their atm against the 
best available. 

Cambridge’s opponents. 
rampania Geo Set will be a 
leadi^ contender for Saturday's 

Head ofthe i^veriaoe. Asa new 
entry last year tbe Itahans 
started 3S0ih and came tiirougb 
to fiwiah seventh — no mean 
performance;. Their boat this 
year is packed trithOympicaiid 
woiid medri wimteis. 

The firs atiemfic to race 
ended before., a stroke was 
rowed, Tritfa tire Italians thrown 
their hands in the air to 
ito that they were not 

blades 'and liaJian arms onn 
a pwi n waving in the air. The 
Itoiians had about half a lei«th 
at the time. Cambridge hM 
shown though that they not only 
have pace but also do not go to 
mecra under (Tressure. 

Oxfoid on Wednesday eve- 
ning oonceouated <ki rowing an 
e^t rather than rowii« as eight 
individuais. This they achieved 
but they could not match the 
pace ofthe national squad ririiu 
kriio t^ one half-length, one 
iwo-tbirdsand two duee-quaner 
Jragths over four onorainuie 

OKFOROi G R SaSM fMQdsIgtft* 
SM and Mertan, bow D H M 

M smool and Mertan, vnr. o nm 


ready or rather Cambridge were 
a seat or two iqx Eventually 
there was a 90-SBOond row and 
Cam pania, rating Over 40 
mediately, moved out to 1!A 
lengths and looked very 

Before the second row the 
lullans derided they needed 
sufgeiy on their boat The row 
was to have tasted three minutes 
but finished in two with a crash, 
thou^ there was only a canvas 
between the crews before die 
The third combat in- 

is Umraraliy 



and Christ ( 

iMiiaa^ally CoBags. 
ten's UrtvsT^rOM 

Csniist^ 1090 and ' 
and30. ' 


Ftom Barry PickffialL Panta dd Este 

WTlh flie arrival ye s te rda y of 
Saseia Vikiu the last of die 
Whitbitad Rourri the Wotid 
Bace yachts to reach the stop- 
over port* Rear Admiral Oiartes 
Wnihws, chairman ofthe race 
t eu waittB ei, has surprised many 
here by annondu that the 
course for the 1988-9 event will 
agasa iadade die South Afirican 
port of Cape Tewn. 

Oriy rix wedts ago fee 
Whidaead race nrrmnittrf is- 
saed a pcem rdeaae stating dnt 
feay were lookup at alterMdve 
courses from Pe i teuw di. efther 
to tudcrftz hi Namibia or across 
the Adsnde to a Sonfe Ameri- 
can poet, to avoid poSdod and 
commercial difificahies asso- 
ciated wife Sonfe Africa. Ht^ 
ever, die Sonfe Africaii^Nmi 
Admiral said dib week feat he 
had discussed fee matter wife 
David La^e, the New 
prime minist er and a man who 

has displayed stroag fcrifty 
agaiastSor^A' ' 

Africa's apartheid 
INflicies. and he gave fidl ajp- 
praval for dw c en tia a e d ase of 
Caiw Town as fee first stop. 
'The catfia' (riaa hadbera for 


England hope to raise their stock 

By PanI HanisoD 

Andrew LowezDowsId, tbe 
En^bnd men's national coach, 
has had otic aim during his four- 
year teniiie; to produce an 
En^and team whicb has some 
credibility in Europe. The 
Spring Cup comiietition in Aus- 
tria in the middle of next month 
l e ix esen ts pertiaiis his best — 
(XMsibly last — chance to raise 
Elfish stock <m tbe ContinenL 
uck of time for (nepmation 
has h am pe r ed both him and 
Barry Svrann, the women's na- 
tional ooacb. Nevertbriess, 
Lowcznowdd takes to Austria a 
young, tall and (iromisuig side 
which might just break into the 
top eight of the (nenrier western 
Euro()MiouriianienZ: That, for 
England’s men, would be a 
giant's st 9 finwmd. 

Tfa^ have drawn the hosts 
nd wail 

and $>ain and must win one 
matdi to have a reasonable 
chance of ( irpgressipg from their 
(lOoL For (neparation they had 
last weekaid*s two wiairfMt* 
agaiast Scotland and to come 
there are. two matches in 
Switzerland and five days train- 
ing at LQleshalL 
England lost tbe fifst matdi in 
Scotland 3-2. but recovered 

cannot afibra the Spring Cu(^ 

9ff oe 

altboi^ th^ are off ttext week 
to Poruigal, where their matdies 
include one agrinst a Porti^uese 
national sdection. 

their nerve on Sunday to take 
le Scots said 

the second 3-1. ‘‘The : 
that they had spent more time 
{ueiiarii 4 for these matches 
then ever.** Lowcanowski sakL 
“We have had four days’ 
pieiiaration in the. last nine 

For the Scots, of course, the 
matches against the Auld En- 

England*s women exiieri- 
eno^ simflar results against tbe 
Scots, losiiig 3-1 cm Saturday 
and winning 3-0 on Sund^, 
when the untoroed enors vriiich 
cost them dearly tbe (uevious 
day were by and large cut out 

Their Spring Cup competition is 
beiiig hdd in Norway vriiere 
they are drawn against Sweden, 
Austria and Norway n (nliose 
results do not count towmds the 
competition). RealiAicrily, En- 
gla nd m ust beat Austria to 
pro gr ess. 




Sydney (AP) — Edwina 
Kennedy, the British amateur 
geflf diampioD in 1978, heads 
a four-woman Australian 
team to comiiete in tbe British 
Amateur championship at 
West Sussex from June 10 to 
14 and the Euroiiean diampi- 
Oiishi(>s .at Morfontaine^ 
France, fienn June 18 to 21. 
The other members of the 
team are: Helen Greenwood 
and Sandra KfcCaw, bcMh 
from Victoria, and Erica Max- 

Norton improves - 

Los AngriesfAgendes)— Ken 
Norton, tbe tonner' world 
beavyweigbl boxing diam(Mon, 
afeo received fraduies to hte 
skufl. jaw and knee bei month 
when his qports ear was in- 
volved in an accident, has begun 
daily Uioatiy. He had to have 
brain sui^ay and is now in a 


TTtimisni nlimwt 


TTiM rimaion 
DoneastBfv Che s terfie l d 
Fourth division 
Stockport V Orient 


18: Engl^ « ScuBandM West Bramwieri' 

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of Iraknd (ii Menctiester^r). 
camuu. IfAGUe: SmobS Mtm 




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V Lweoer (8^ (both atVvWRbley). 
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SNOOKEft Car Gan WoiW Cup (M 

REAL TENNtSi Amateur singles 
dwnrionaMpjBt Ouean'a CU4> 

'AlriWinliiiWp' Oxford v Ctw- 

antnr. Qaan iaaMlaw Btennere Port 

satuaT rackeA! 

.w......... Easax-rwoman'i 

open efanpioMtto (8^ 


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elai GC NO. 379 6483. Evai ao 
Tuti OMM Moree SSi 2M, 
SM ae and ao 

aaSi yr of MATH* CHMSnn 


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fTctwlce (Stauiport HS 

•S M 

Ui i g 6 f aRsiaBd U a 98 a le n B ) te AF O ^a n 

(Queen'e iMva^. Onmrio and Onf^ 
SSft ‘J M r^iairaid Ctamanl Danae 
•ndmbinare. s ao fce. C A Burtao (Mice 
OWay and RtzwBianri), eoBL 

Sponsors appalled 
at about-turn 

fee nee to caO at Perfe, 
Aeddand, Panto del Este nnd. 
for fee first tiOM, New York 
bdbre returning to POf tSM O u fe, 
hot fee stopover in Aostralin has 
now been d is counted. 

Some sponsors* repre- 
sentatives are uppslled ^ fee 
decision and have indteited feat 
thdr eouqmiiies will new find it 
hard to jnnify enteri^ fee race 
One lepiesemstiTe of 
Equity and Law, fee Insanuice 
and faunking poop vonsorii« 
fee Dnteh entey s k ifeered by 
Plena van dcr said yes- 
terday: **Tlic dednun fofem the 
cOBBtiitec is xeaDy no dffi&ent 
to feat fov yean when 
Bfeaia was at ww wfoh Argea- 
fina and they derided not to 
rdarn to Mar dd nata feis time 

I .. 

I . ‘ 

i- '■}: ■ 

\ -.1 S#*'' 




One annuicemsnt from tbe 
race riatanan feat b sare to 
iaiim che er s to amay saOieg 
cntfinsiBsts ostslde the raiified 
worfd of lOR ndv bewever b 
tire totrodnetioH of a separate 
enriser dhbioB In fee next race 
oiwa to yachts between 60 and 
196 foot ovenlL 


3 • 

emy are major occasions. They )K 

Tfi n—a^p— 8— 

liSjQ J 

1 ^ • f. 

’s television and radio progranunes and Gimtopher Davalle 

. *'4 


W BrMkfaattkMwWNiok 
Greenwood WttiiHw at 

: : t^regionBinews; '"- '■ 
werthar and trafSe «I Wr. 

. 7^, 7«B7and&27; 


dlS Good I 

■•tz '^ta¥»w 

^ -TV 

ftSOdhd&DDsspoitat ■ 
7.20'and 9Mt Lynn Fiulds 
•wood s consuner repi^ 
at S<1S; «id r?y^ of^ 
momftig new spap ers at 

THe hinareh 'awoetodd 

Damond OKI MckOwen. 
Exercises at news : 

wHh Qoncton Hono y combe 
M and ftOO; Sport St 
6^ shd 7.34; nrloon at 

Great's Meviaion 
Mghft^stMs recipe 
atlw lostagMst - 
and dps on mddng flfe. 

Mest pop music news. 

020 Ceef s S TlOJO PtayBehboL 
- -IILSOOsafax. 

12J0^NaweAflerliloei»wltt> - 
'MciraGtuartandOanrid ' 
Seadfines wftb eubdOes 
. ^.l2.»RaaionWflewaand 

IjOO PobWalMlatOiio. . - . 
^Today's edBoh tnchidea 
Iha firstetOiaii irtawisipa r 
■MsrvisworWolf Fbtdiger. 
He^ die aon of Rudom 
.'Haas. HofaNa aboM 
Mhar s aottary me and Ms 

r« 'it; ^ 1 




9 . 30 m) opens wntti a coiqde 
maionp m in the cabin of a 
cndse sh^ Their pteaaure A 
shon-Hvedfcrthe ship is 
blown up and the femste partner 
Idled. Then, in flashback, 
comes the real store, of identical 
nito flxrthjdayad by 
Stephanie Powiers). Sabrina is a 
ftjrvtowkigje t aa tt r, 

Slephanle a ffusIraM New 
Jen^ housewNa married to 
a (Ml prefossor described as 
*lhe Qviaiopher OoKimbus 
of genetic research”. He muet be 


because When a giri 

student striM off In l« study, he 
shows her me door. For 

reasois mat have everything to 
do with ^ but ncdhing with 
fogte'ow haioines decMle that 

lust fer B week, they Krill 
h npersQnateeech other. So 
Smtedeeumes the straight 

■ ■ 

9.2S Ttamea nawa-heedRnee. 
d30 FqrSehoelesthenatural 

Doable taker-Slcfiarie Ftmera b 

Dse^doBB (BfiCt 9J0paB> 

hair and fiat heels and StG>h 
tuns hers^ into a glBmttjr 
puss. The essence of this 
snjoyably daft mini-seriBs (the 
second pert is tomorrow) Is its 
utter prraetBbility: you csn 
see me next yne a mSe away. 

ASKED ME THAT (Radio 4. 
Ham) Charts the history Of 
the poUtical interview from the 
abrasive 80s. As the preeeniar, 
Patrick Hannan, poims out, 

rarflo and tetevisofi has chanfled 
the fsce of etectioneering and 
pottdeians have oome to accept 
that "a mIfUJtB and a half wHh 
RoMn Day Is worth a fortnight on 
the dooratep". Almost 
singtehandedly Day introducad 

the tougher sM of 
questKximg, tncMigh most of his 
customers are well abla to 
look after themselves. There are 
some rsfishable dips, 
ir:cludrng a memorwe tussle 
between Day and Mrs 
Thatcher over prescnption 

(Rado 4, 9.S0(m) is such a 
sublime piece of radio that rt 
Is easily taken from granted. 
Alistair Cooke serrt his first 
Letter on March 24 1946 and 
tonight's 40th anniversary 
edi£n is the 1 ,935th. The quality 
remdns as irrmressive as the 
(lusntny, a unique moriura of wrt 
and figntly worn erudition 
deDvtfecf with a masterly 
command of language. 

10.00 Dennis Lee (piano). 
Preludes: in G, Op 32 No 5: 
in B minor, Op 32. No 
10). Scriabm (Sonata No 4. in 
F sharp), Debussy 
(^odes; Reflets dans 
I'eau). Szi^nowski 

1030 J C Bach and Handel. 
Langham Chamber 
Orchestra and BBC Singers 
with Tracey Chadwell 
(soprano) Ashley Stafford 
(counter-tenor) Nefl 
Mackenzie (wnor) Jonathan 

10.15 The Harlequin Years. 
Musical life in Paris after 

11.00 Noetuma. Rlmsiry> 

Korsakov (Overture: May 
Night). Barber (Dover 
Beach). Reid (Pastorale 
m E). Dvorak (Song to the 
Moon), Haydn 
(Symphony No B, in G, Le 

11.57 News 

Radio 2 

Robarts (bass). J C 
Bsch's Slnlonia in G 

Peter Waymark 

Bsch's Slnlonia in G minor, 
Op 6, No 6 and Handel'S 
Wedding Anthem (1738). 

11.25 Ha^mand 
Shostakovich. Haydn 
Piano trio mS flat and 
Shostakovich Piano Trio 
in E minor. Op 67. 

12.25 Middw Prom, live, with 
the BBC PhiStarmonc 
Orchestra, eonductsd by 

News on the hour (except ^ 
930^) HeadHRes &30ani, &3(L - 
730 and &sa Crickae Third 
Test West Indies v England. 
Reports from Bridgetown, 

Bsrbados at 232, 33A 

4.02. 535. 632. MS (fflf only), 
e ss . 

430Bm CoBn Berry W 530 Ra 
Moore (s) 8.06 Ken Bniee (s) II 
Jimmy Young inct your (egaT 

. the GeneraLStrtka of uSi 
. - ICLM Mattiematieai ideas 

. ilL2ftSdencec meitbv; 

<rBezmg,end a acMe of . . . 
temperature 1038 . 

Radio 4 

730 Pick Of me week With 

Marnn Tumovsky. Martin 
Roseee (piano}. Part one; 
Bobsrt Lseson.11i.1S Hcm 
pIsniB, pedpis and anbnsls 
react to apim and 
sumnar '11.27 HoKir 

hcfMsthet he may bs 
: lilowedtospendnisleet 
. yaiarswlthMtaniiy..135 

2M i Bl ei iifloiisI t seohe f . A 

am Shteiing 830 News; 
weamer 6.10 Farming 

030 Stop Press. Nigel Reel 
exarNnes tMe week's 

Wtxfci Cup match between 
. Canada and the Reet of 

. .the World, (oantfraied on 
; BBC2)£obCMx332 
. - Regkxialnews. . 

336 twmiFlve.noele 

gwgm^ ^ n sg up Be from 

; Sa6sbim|r)4.10 
■ • Hbeflm 
' Cartoon eeriesM 4.16 . 
Je c lmnoiv. wdiaal PaBn 
' withpailmieofRoald 
. Dahl's Charlie and the 
ChoeolatB Factory 438 - 
a acre ta pot Mte smith 
. presents another of the 
odd hobbiss quiz game; 
4.g W aw e t ou od Roger 
Rnn reports oiilhe- 

pr(ntad.1134l1ie usee of 
eompuiam. . 

1238 Benny.: Adventures of an 
activeddtfCr) 12.10 
^ flitibew. Learnbig with 

1238 SISSm^WniM. 
Richard Hogsartm 
conver sa tion with Dan 

130 News atOeii with Leonard 
Paridn 130 Thames neara. 
t30 nbnshiformalion - - 
- . Har ml one Da ddeley. 

. Thrttarabouk'ah' 

- ' undercover p o B ee man ■ 
who InfMrBtee a ruthiass 
gang of thievea in order to 
bring them, to lustioa. 
Directsd by Robert LynrL 

, 330 Mr mid Mre. Quiz game for 


Butcher, takes on David 
• Wetter, seeded nunfoer 

530 Cer64, WberwArwYortr 

•30 Todaw.incl63A73(L 
830 Nm. 835 
BusinasB News. &SA 735 
News. 735, 035 Sport 73S 
ThouM tor the Day. 835 
Yaelsrday in Parlamant 
830 Ybur Letters. 837 
030 Navn. 

935 DasartlaiandOises. 

MIcheal ParfcinsoB talks 

835 Any(to8stfons7Jotxi 
Moore. MP. Brian 

McArthur, Geoffrey 
RUiinsot). MP, and PoBy 
' ToyimeetaeldeqtiBSttors 
from the audience in 
Blewbury, Oxfordshire. 

930 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

935 Kai ei aoscope.withPai4 

iai5 ASookatBedUmmA 
Perfect Spy written and 
read by Jom le Cane. 1039 

1030 The World ToRighL 
1130 TodwinPariiamenL 
11,15 The nmincial Woild 

to Ron Pickering (s). 

945 Feedback. Chris DuMey 
comments on the BBC, last 
in present serias. 

1030 N o ws, totemetlonal 
Assismmsitt. BBC 
oon^nnents report 
1030 MomtagsiotwOR-^dB 

ihsflgatad by pupRs of St 

Derek Batey 335 T ham es 
news headenes 330Son 

430 Raiab 0 w.Arepeatofths 

Jools Holland and Pails 
Yates. Diis week's edition 
indudes a spedal Rfdes 
foeture ceieBretIng the film 
Absoiule Beghmars. David 
Bowie Is Interviewed at 
length about his role and 
on wtMxn It is based; the 
dfreclor, Julien Temple, 
talks about his film; and 
another of the stars, Patsy 
KenslL cortributes. On the 
music front Depeche 
Mode and New Order 

Roseee{pfara}. Part one: 
Sdiumenn (Overture: 
JuliuB Caesar). Martinu 
(Symphony No 3). 1 30 

13S Musi^ Times Past. 

Yietonan music-making. 
130 Midday Prom, pwt two. 
Beethoven's nano 
Concerto No 5. In E flat 
major (Emperor). 

235 Japanese Mustofor 
shakuhachi and koto 
played by members of the 

PhMIps (s) 1.0Spm Dam 
jfwm* (s) 2W Gloria HumRord (s) 
330 Music All The Way M 430 
David HariXiton md today s two 
entries for A Sorwfer Europe 
after 530 (s) SJUBob Hotness (s) 
530 Friday Nightie Music Night '' 
from the ffippodrame. Golders 
Green, London (s) 9.15The 

Nihon Ongaku Shudan, 
-7.15(MWo^ Cricket; 

1130 V^Endlng.Asatfrieal 
review of the week's 

1230 -12.158»NeMis; 

Weather. 1235 Shipping. 
VHP (available in England antf 

perform live In ihe studio. 

730 cmeiNiel Four news and 

730 Right To Reply presented 
JwGueMacdonafcL Coiin 
LfocCabe of the British 
. FBm institute daims that 
the BFI was groesly 
ndsrapresentod by 
Thames Teieviston's A 
TiKnip4)ead's Glide to the 
mogramme's producare 
defend tttdr work. 

fCaefax) • - 
S35 The n t niii ei ' iee. Cartoori. 

programme shown at 
12.1D 4.15 ifaiiiee Ow CaL 
Cartoon aeries 435 toMi'a 
Rod Hue 

5.15 lee8kstlitg..TheMen’s 
Free Prosnmme of the 
. ChanipioRshipBflr(m_ 

• ''Geneva.."'.' 

630' News with Gue Lxwley and 
Nicholes WHchaU. 


535 LondonPhn, 

; < ,■ 
' *> » • 

*• I'i?: 
' n 

Urn n '.1 
- -If* 

. .. .««rt 0 m 

730 tltogoe.TOnighr8 guests 
GeorgeMartln and Cheryl . 
Baker. Plus the first two : 
songs in tho contest to S8B 
wtm wn tetessent Biflafo 
In thto y^eSongfor 
1 GuFop»cornpetition.They 
are performed by Pafoca 
'.and Vanite Fair. 

730 BtenketeBlairic. Las 
Deweons panel . 
compilaes Rory Bremner, 
Harry Carpenter, VInee 
Hill, u Robertson, Marti 
Webb, and Barbara 

830 The CelM Sable takes 
off for NewYorfc'ln pursiA 
of aneiqpensive Manssa, 

■- leaving husband Jason fci ' 
sister Rancaaca's , . . 

andAndrewTIaivey. ,r. - . 


530 Pa ca pllow a .^ilaodBonB - 
of a two.pBrt adaptaflorrof 
Judith MtohaoTs potbotor 
about ktenflcal twins, onb 
a suburban housawnfe wHh' 
two ehUdren, the oOier, toe- 
owner oLa country estate 
exchange rotes for a 



545 Itawe with MarM Lewis. 


730 AHon Mteksi (Oracle) 
730 Murder, She WrotK- 
- - despe^ cry for help 
sends Jesiflea to the aid of 
. tropical hoML Bin ire the . 
. time Jessica arrivea her 
old friend is no more and 
" Jessica qtecMy gleans 
enough evktorKteabout 
the dead to ba warned off 
tv tite locte oortetebutary. 
With Arigelaljaribebury, 
• ' .Ferrer. 

830 There My Boy. Ma and. - 
.. .Robertbormtotfieaftfof 
. : . JitovMage wheojuisw • - 
bypass toreattns the otoni 

1030 MemtagSKM^On-dde 

1045 De 0 ySarvic 8 te> 

1130 News: Trsveklin Very 
Glad YOU Asked Me 
That The way the poUcal 
hnarview. both on Rado 
and TV, has davetoped end 
inlluenced poMiclans. 

1l.a HampMWsD^PJ 
Kavsnagh reads an 
aoeourtt of meeting a pdr of 
adders fromWH 
Hudson’s H am pshire Days. 

1230 News: The Food 
Progrerrme. Derek 
Cooper on organic food. 

1237 SonofCHeha-Com^ 



S weies only) as above 
except 5.&530am Weamer; 
Schools. 530435 PM 
(contkMjed) 1230-1.10aiD 
Schools teghMIme 
BroedeefOTg: 1230 Radio 
Geography. 1230 Living 

Radio 3 

130 TheVVortdatOneiNawB. 
1.40 The Archers 135 

83580 WSamer. 7.00 News 
7.05 Morning Concert Handel 
(Conceno Grosso InB 

Shipping ForacesL 
News; woman's Hour. 

malor.OpS. No2), 

Indudea a report on how 
tughMim patrols are 

Purcell (BehokJ the Man), 
Mendelssohn (Caprice In A 
minor. Op 16, Not), 

330 News; The' 

oursglng pro sti tu ti on 
BkiTiirmam suburb. 
«; TheBsaomed by 

530 What the PSM Say. The 
Guardian's Alan 
Rusbridger casts Ms eye 
over how the Press has 
been treating the week's 

8.15 AWssklnPeMca.TMs 
last programme of the 
current aeries mdudae an 
asseasmant of the state of 
toe ConaarwiOve Parly at 
the end of Budget weak, 
Michael HesMine and Dr 
Rhodes Boyson. Phis an 
interview with Norman 

930 The Ceeby Show. The first 
of e new comedy series 
st aiTlnq BHI Co sby a s the 

briTK^ babteemotoe 
worn than dealing vrtih 
them as they grow up. 

930 How Dbee Your Qeirien 
Grow?. PMfo wood and 
David WUsonvMt Noel 
and Molly Sanderson's 

"* 'Balymbney garden. 


1030 «iem Norm is sheltered 
when Ma next door 
neighbour Informs hbn 
ttiei her husband and 
Norm's wHs are having an 

r’ ' I’.l 

830 AdfWiadaniaiieiLRuL 
After beteg thrownoutof 

. accommodation, the . 

- Geordie brieWes find a 
way to exact revenge fltm 

- • toe iandibrd of the Bailey 

Mow.(Orad 9 ) 

1830 NaweetTanwftftAlastMr 

- Burnet and Pamela 

■ . Armstrong. 

1030 The UadenPiMamiHe. 

■ . Leadb^ffoises from toe 
' eDon:fodsappearQLC " 
are taken on aThames 
rivarbuetodtocussand ' ' 
.. . debate wfaattheGLC 
. .achieved and what the 
future wH batar London 
. onceithasbain , . .. 

- (flssdlyBd.FbkMvedby 
' LWTnewsheecBnas. 

1130 SeutoefWMfoid.Hugh 
Laurie meets people who 
. Rve in houses that have 

1130 Ice Skeling. The Ladies' 
Free P r ogramme from ttte 

Ladles' Free Prognmma. 
11.86 Film; Sweet Witein 
. (193^ starring Sam 
and Tim PlgottBnwL- 
Baryi Bampge's MvaL 
adapted by the author, . 
abCMJt a vmrig woman 
who, after her fiance takes 


Altossndro Msnzoni ^ 
The Anoal of Death. 400 

The Angal of Death. 400 

435 Tha News HuddOnes. 
New asries. Roy Hudd. 
June vniWield Mid Chris 
Envnatt laugh at the 

430 KteaMnecepafr) 

530 PM: News ftapKlne. 

630 News; FmaneM Report 
530 Going Pisces. The world 
of travel and tranqiort 
730 News. 

735 The Archers. 

minor. Op 16 , Not), 

Haydn, SIT Saionion 
(Symphony No lOO in G 
mqjor). 839 News. 
ajS Concert (eontd); 

Berlioz (Overture: Le 
eamaval romain, Op 9). 
Schumann (Konzertstuck . 
for fotf horns and orchesfra, 
Op 86), Granados 
(Allegro de eonoerto). 
TcMakovsky (Cappricio 
itaTienne, Op 45. cond 
Rostro p ovich). 500 

1030 This Week's (fomposen 
Gtazunov. Piano 
Concerto No 1 , In F iranor, 
Saxophone Conceno in E 
flat Cfo 10^ Eugene 
Rosseau (saxophone). 

225 -7.15(MV\ronMCncfcet; 

Third Test W^ Indies V 

225 East and West Raveh 
Fanfare (L'Oventati de 
Jeanne): Une barque sur 
I'oeian (Miroirs). 

Takemlteu: Karesuki and 
Subaru. Debussy: 


^2S W F Bach Keyboard 
Musia Fantasia No 7, in 
E minor; Polonaise No 6, in E 

Sonata No 4, in D nu^or (F 4). 
Alan Cuckston. 

430 Choral Evensong. 435 

530 Mainly tor PIsasure. 

620 Music for Guitar. 

Recorded at the 1985 
Esztergpm Intematlonai 
(suitarFestivaL Bach 
(AUemande, Lute Suite No 3, 
BWV995}. Ponce 
(GawoBB and Gigue. Suite in 
/ij, Costa (Andante and 
Polonaisej, Granados 
finish Dance No 5). 
Ginastera (Sonata, Op 47. 
first and fourm 

730 Diad Alone. Claude 
Lanzmann on Ms nine- 
hour film on the hoioeaust 

720 Ruth Geiger (piano) live 
tram me Broadcasting 
Centre, Bkrningham. Part 
one: Ha^'a Sonata In E 
flat and Beetooven's Sonata 
in A flat, Op 110. 

510 Djartgo. Kwfunkelsteln 
and Roses. Short story 
by Norman Levine. 

820 Ruth Geiger part two. 

Davidsbundlertanze. Op 5 

515 EhgHsh Sacred Music. 

BBC Northern Singers, 
conductor Stephen 
Wilkinson. George 
CMdroyd (Sabat Mmar 
Dolorosa). Norman 

IftOOCasde's Corner OfoyCastia) 
1020 Cynthia Glover sings 
1130 Stuart Hail (stereo Irom 
midnight) 130Bm BIB RenneHs 
pieaents Nightttde (s) 330430 A 
Little Night Musio(^ 

Radio 1 

News on the halMiour from 
623ain uritR 920pm and at 1930 

500Bn Adrian John 720 Mice 
Read 920 Simon Bates 1220pR 
Nawsbaat (Frank Paitridgs) 

1245 Simon Mayo 330 Peu 
Jordan direct from the Meal 
Home Eitoibition. Earls Court 520 
Newsbeet (Frank Partridge) 

546 Bruno Brookes 720 Andy 

Peebles 1030-12.00 The Friday - 
Rode Show (S) VHF RADIOS 1 6 2 

Rode Show (S) VHF RADIOS 1 
430 AS Radio 2 1030pm As 
Radiol 1230-408 AS Radio 2 


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*- r • • .y • . jS *. • . • I ;,v' V, >- 


t ★ # ★ df * * 


-run start 

From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Bridgetown 
If lodaVs third Test match E)ownton, this meam that one most of them as coun« to 

from Edmonds, Emburey and 

Slack had to be left oul 
E ventuallv. because last- 
minute effons are being made 

between En^and and West 
Indies, sponsored by Cable 
and Wireless, were to be 
plaved on handicap. England 

piaveo on nanaicap. oibwuiu imiiuic cuvuj 

midti expect a start of 250 to make the pitch leKhaig lor 

runs or thereabouts. The figr fear of a quick ”®ish. MCk 

UFC would be calculated on 
present form of Gower’s side 
and West Indies’, recent 
record, not only against En- 
gland but for the last decade in 

They have played flve Tests 
here in that time and won 
them all by huge margins — 
three by 10 wickets, one by 
nine wickets and the other 
(against En^and in 198(^81) 
by 298 runs. The only side to 
have made . more than 280 
against them in these five 
Tests were Australia in 1983- 
84. and ibeir punishincnt for 
daring to score 429 in their 
first innings was to be bowled 
out for 97 in the second. 

Of the 97 wickets taken, by 
West Indies at Bridgetown in 
this period. 92 were accounted 
for bv speed. 57 of these by 
Holding. Marshall and Gar- 
ner. who are playing lo^y. 
Tai^gaway that one innirigs 
against Australia. West Indies 
have picked up a wicket eve^ 
six. overs in the last 10 years in 

For a side playing well 
Eiigland's task would ^ 
daunting enough. As it is. 
there is almost nothing in their 
record to inspire confidence. 
They will be hopelessly out- 
gunned for pace and are 
without Galling, whose bat- 
ting and influence in the field 
were a factor in making 1985 a 
good year for England On a 
pitch that is sure to be bouncy 
it would have been madness to 
risk Gatling’s recently t^oken 
thumb. He still finds it un- 
comfortable even to hit 
catches at fielding practice. 

There was further bad news 
vesterday when Ellison, who 
has had a stomach bug. found 
that one lap of the ground was 
all he could manage. With 
Taylor and Smith also unfit 
for consideration, and the 
selectors deciding lo stand by 

was the one to ga It must have 
counted, too, that England 
were at their best in the field i n 
the last Test when Edmonds 
and Emburey were bowling 
togeiher. England are seldom 
so cl^ly outplayed as they 
were in Wednesday's one-^y 
intemationaL The disparity 
between the two sides is 
exaggerated by the inconsis- 
tent bounce of the modem 
Bridgetown pitch. Hence the 
fact that while West Indies 
could make a highly entertain- 
ing 249 for seven in 46 overs, 
England's batsmen carne back 
complaining of the difficulty 
of timing the ball. 

The only way to stop shoot- 
ers bowled at the pace of the 
one from Marshall which hit 
the base of Gower's stumps is 
to gel on to the front foot, and 
that unfortunately is the likeli- 
est wav to be hit in the face by 
one that lifts. It is a measure of 
Gooch's quality, as wU as of 
the problems of batting here 
against West Indies, let alone 
of how much he means to 
England, that the only hun- 
dred scored in those last five 
Tests against West Indies in 
Bridgetown was his in 1980- 
81. when he made 1 16 out of 
England's second innings total 
of 224. 

li seems to me that the one 
realistic chance En^and have 
of winning this match is by 
bowling first today and, by 
making full use of the condi- 
tions. getting West Indin on 
the run. Since the middle 
1^‘cnties, when they started 
to let the grass grow on 
pitch to suit the West Indian 
fast bowlers, no side has won 
the toss hero and baited first 
Perhaps a fairer handicap fiian 
250 runs might be for England 
to be given choice of innings. 

There is a natural tendency 
among the old England play- 
cumemly in Barbados, 

touring groups, ro think Um 
England are lettang their fol- 
lowers down, and that they 
themselves would have done 
better. The couriers include 
Trevor B^iey, Denis Comp- 
ton. Mike Draness, Godfrey 
Evans, Tom Gravency, Colin 
Milbum and John Snow. Pe- 
ter May is also here. But none 
of them when they came as 
players had to contend with 
the sort of attack on the sort of 
pitch that obtains now. 

England go into today’s 
game having been beaten by 
Windward Islands and Barba- 
dos, as well as by West Indies, 
four times (in the first two 
Tests and two of the three one- 
^y internationals). By tte 
lime May's side had b^ in 
West Indies for a similar 
length of time they had 
choked up a do^ firsKlass 
hundreds. That was in 1959- 


The top first<1ass score by 
the pr^nt team is Gatling’s 
80 against Jamaica on Febru- 
ary 13. England are a badly 
shaken side. For most of the 
tour their praising has left 
much to be desired. Botham is 
a shadow of himself at bis best 
and be sees, reads and he^ 
the world turning against him. 
The hesitancy of their running 
between wickets reflects tte 
team’s state of mind. Gower’s 
impassive, rather inflexible 
style of leadership is suited to 
less demanding situations. 

Up the road Boycott prac- 
tises bBid against Franklyn 

Stephenson, Hartley Alleyne 


and Ricardo Elkock, three 
bowlers who have played for 
Barbados and spare him noth- 
ing. But in the corresponding 
Test match to this, fivc^ears 
ago, even he was out twice m 
10 balls for nought and one. It 
is hard not to be apprehensive, 
therefore, about today, even 
while hoping for the 

ENGLMID: G a Gooch, R .T 
Rot}inson.D I Gower. P WHey. A J 
Lamb IT Bottom, PRDownton,JE 
Emburey, P H Edmonds. J G 
-Riornas. N A Foster. 1201 marc W N 


Thomas close to world title 

From John Heonessy, Geneva 

We shall see what Debbi 
Thomas, the United StatK 
figure-skating champion, is 
made of this evening. She has 
drawn the limelight and the 
pressure on herself by estab- 
Ushing a clear lead in tbe 
world championship here af- 
ter the first two sta^ of the 
competition. The title is hers 
for the taking if she is big 
enou^ and strong enough. 

placing the optional triple toe 
loop (in her case) after the 
compulsory double loot). But 
she brou^t it off splendidly. 

Susan Jackson, the lone 
British representative, may 
not be able to compete with 
the women's frK skating, 
is unwell and will see a doctor 
this morning. 

yesterday, 13th and Elizabeth 
Coats and Alan Abretti I6tfa: 

ICE DANC& Original set pallein: 1 , 
M Klimova and S Ponomaranko 
(USSR) 0.4pt; 2, N Bastemianova 
and A Biian (USSR) 0.8: 3. N 
Annenko and G Sreten^ (USSR* 
1.2; 4, T VMison and R M(^ (I 

1.6: 5. S Semanick and S <3regory 
* Adair (ll^ 

(US)^0; 6.RRocaandDAdair| 
Britiah rt a tings; V 

It will now require at least 
two people to beat her in the 
free ^ting for her to be 
denied the accolade that so 
many people seem anxious to 
bestow on her. 

Natalya Bestemianova and 
.Andrei Bukin suffered another 
setback yesterday. After their 

defeat in one of the compul- 

Miss Thomas, trained by a 
Scot. Alex McGowan, in San 
Francisco, moreover chose a 
perilous route to the combina- 
tion jump, usually the crucial 
element, in Wednesday 
ni^t's short programme. 

sory dances the day before, 
they were outskaied in the 
ori^nal set pattern by their 
younger compatriots from 
Moscow, Marina Klimova 
and Sergei Ponomarenko. The 
two British couples took up 
14th and ISth position, but 
retained their previous places 
overall. Sharon ' Jones and 
I^ul Askham. who had a foil 

' British platings: lA S Jones 

and P Askham 5.6: 15, ECoates and 
A Abretti 6.0. Aller tM eveniK 1. 
Bestemianova and Bukin, lApb 2, 
M Klimova and S Pono ma renko 1.6; 
3. Annenko and G Sretensky 3.0; 4, 
WBson and MeCsB 4h: 5. SemarM 
and Gregory 5.0; 6, Roea and Adas' 
6h. BritSh pii^m 13, Jones and 
Askham 13A: 16. Coatss and 
Abretti 15.6. Short progranma: 1, D 
Thomas (US) 0.4pt; 2. A 
m (U^j 


^iand T Ctsn 
0.8: 4. K'Witt (EGn.6; 5. C 
■ ■ 6. R iw 


. .. ivanova 

1 2^4. Bridsh ptacing: 16, S. 
BA. After two ewen te 1 . D 
Thomas. 2.6; 2. K Ivanowa. 3.0; 3. T 
ewnn. 3A 4, K Witt, 3A; 5. A 
Kondra she va. *A: Imsln er, 

7.4. British placiBV 17, S Jackson. 


Feeling the 


Eamoim Martin’s withdraw- 
al with an adductor strain is a 
severe setback for En^nd’s 
chances of regaining tbe worid 
cross country team title in 
NeuchateL Switzerland, on 
Sunday. Martin was one of five 
cuneot and former Engli^ 
national champions in tbe 
team which will still mount 
their strongest challenge to the 
Ethiopians, who have won for 
the last five years. 

Martin said yaterday; **It’s 
not a serious injury, it's just 
come at exactly Uic wrong 
time.** There is a possibility 
that Martin will travel with the 
team and hope that the injury 
to his left leg will respond to 
rest and tiealmenL But he 
tbou^t it unlikely yesterday, 
in which case Kevin Capper 
from Liverpool the first re- 
serve; will t^e his place. 

from July 4-20. The gan^ 
^xinsored by a US television 
network, will centre round 
dashes between the top Soviet 
and American athletes. 

Martin: setback 

New ground 

The amateur golf champion- 
^p will br^ new ^und in 
1 989 when it is played at Royal 
Birkdale for the first time since 
the event began more than 100 
years ago. 

1989 DATC& Jime 5-10: Amateur 

As you were 

The Isle of Man wiD stage 
dus year's Ri^y Le^ue Char- 
ity Shield game after alL Tbe 
management committee made 
a suTpriting about-turn on 
their decision to switch tbe 
on August 24 from 
^uglas to a venue in tbe 
north of England. The sponsor- 
ing brewery on the Isle of M^ 
C^lls, have raised the prize 
money by £1,000 to £5,000; 
and guarantees regarding air 
flights and accommodation for 
the teams remain as last year. 

ehanmionship, Royal Birkdale. Jtiy 
16-17: Open chamj ' 

Dawn Run, tbe Cheltenham 
Gold Cup wirmer. will have 
her next race at Liverpool on 
April 3 in preference to the 
Irish Grand National three 
days earlier. Her objective is 
the £11000 Whitbread Gok) 
Label Cup on the opening day 
of the Grand National 



riock Vaiiaasie, Prestwick ^ Nfeho- 
las. Western Gauss. Jitiy 2Hat 
Open tii a mpion sM p. Royal Troon, 
‘"'lust 9-11: Seniors chanpionsr*' 
fintemationflte, Naim. August: 
26: Youths championship and inter- 
na tion al s, Ashbiniham. August 16- 
17: walker Cup. Peach Tree, USA. 

Prague boost 

Alan CkiolGe. the England 
number three, has revered 
finm a hamsuing injury and 
will play in tbe European table 
tennis championships in 

Liverpool run 

.. — , — jIjp £ngjand chase for titles, 
will decide after tbe champion- 
ships whether to stay in Britain 
or acttpt one of the Inciative 
contract offers he has bad from 

Tax toast 

Roberts talks 

John Lowe will be more 
grateful iluin most for tbe 
Budget's income tax reduction. 
En^smd's darts captain yester- 
day signed a lucrative sponsor- 
ship with the Federation 

High hopes 

The Tottenham manager. 
Peter Sireeve, yesterday held 
peace talks with his Ei^Iand 
defender. Graham Roberts, 
and is confident that he can 
keep him happy at White Hart 
lane. Roberts asked for a 
oansfer this week because of 
financial worries. 

Goodwill show 

Moscow (Reuter) - Some 
3.0(X) athletes from nearly SO 
nations have entered the 
Goodwill Games in Moscow 

Despite a shortftU of 
£]50.()d0 in the amount nee^ 
ed to run this year’s world foor- 
in-hand driving 

championships, at Ascot from 
August 13-17. Prince Riilip; 
the president of tbe champion- 
ships. said yesterday that he 
and the committee axe confi- 
dent they win find the neces- 
sary sponsors to i«ach their 
target of£250,000. Th^ intend 
to It *nhe best ever". 

Kw hiMri hi the hookmak^ camera), the odsider of Ai giigeiiig tf 


Wales into 

last four 

as Griffiths 


By Sydney Frislun 
Wales, who were winners in 
1979 and 1980. reached the 
semi-finals of the World Team 
Ch^pionship at Bourno- 
mouth yester^ after beating 
Scotland 5- 1 . The event, spon- 
sored this year by Car 
Flan, carries a winning prize 

Doug Mounyoy gave Wales 
an encoura^ng start by beat- 
ing Muido McLeod 2^. He 
sraed the first frame with a 
brown-to-biack clearance and 
through with another 
run on ^ colours in die 

Eddie Sinclair then raised 
Scotland’s hopes by taking a 
fi^e off Ray Reardon. Sn- 
clair started with a break of 49 
and resisted a late challenge by 
R^don, vdio missed a long 
pink. But Reardon won tbe 
next frame to give Wales a 3-1 

Terry GrifiBths sealed the 
mairh for Wales by beating 
tbe left-handed Jim Donnelly, 
2-0. Griffiths took an early 
grip on the first frame and 
consolid aied his position with 
a break of 82 in the second 

Qiff Thorbuxn, Kirk Ste- 
vens and Bill Werbeniuk, who 
represent Canada, wiU be 
confronted tod^ by tbe mys- 
teries of the orient when they 
l^y Tony Drago, of Malt^ 
Ompridash Agraa^ fiom In- 
dia, and Sakebai Sim-Ngam, 
of Thailand who make up the 
Rest of the World All three 
are in their fost season as 
prof^onals but their talent 
has alr^y drawn the atten- 
tion of most professionals. 

Drago. ^ has played 
m tte Rothmans Grand 
tournament and the UK 
Championship butneither 
(30) nor Sim-Ngam 
(33) has played in a lelevized 

QUARTER-FBIALS: Wties bt Soot- 
fand. 5-1 PNeish n am es first): D 

Mouito bt M McLeod. 65- 
35: R Reardon 

M. n I Kwwv.. drew witti E Sinclair, 
5P«8. 60-35; T (Mftttha bt J 
Donnelly. 6^15, 83-22. 



for Dyke 

Brussels (AP) — Broderick 
Dyke, of Australia, foflowed 
his surprise 6*3, 6-3 victory 
over the Wimbledon chami»- 
00, Boris Becker, on Wednes- 
day \sy beating Libor Pimdc, 
ofCz^oslovakia, i-6, 7-S, 6- 
3 yesterday to reach the 
quarter-finajs of the Belgi^ 
indoor championships. 

Dyke, aged 23 and ranked 
]09tb in the world quickly 
lost the opening set, but found 
the stamina to fi^i back to 
take the next two and com- 
plete victory in a match vriiiiA 
lasted more than two hours. 

Sundstrom (Siire) 6-1. 

[Aus) bt B Beckar 64, >3.' 



M Va|da &D. 66; K Curran 

(US) bt TSfflid (Cz) 7-6. 86; . 
(Swe) bt J Bales (GB) 6-1 

• NEW YORK (UPT) - Chris 
Lloyd had three consecutive 
service breaks as she defeated 
Barbara Potter ^2. 6-4, on 
Wednesday night in the first 
round of the Virginia Sims 

FIRSTROUND (US unlesa Statad); C 
1 bt B Potter 6-2, 6-4; H SutouB 
bt K Rinald &-7. 86. 7-6; P 
bt C Bassett (Can) 86, 80. 


Soviet green light 
the red faces in 

By Stnart Jones 
Footw Correspoadoit 

After a seemingly intermi- 
nsj)le delay, the FootbaE A8 
sociation at last confirmed 
yesterday that En^nd’s fix- 
ture against the Soviet Union 
is to take iriace as fdanned in 
Tbilisi next Wednesday. The 
threat of cancellation was 
lifted when permission to 
travel directly to and from the 
southern stare of Georgia was 
officially received fir^ the 
Soviet Foreign Ministry. 

Belgians refuse to 
admit Scotland 

The confusion lasted until 
less than 72 houTS before 
Bobby Robson’s squad was 
scheduled to leave.on Sunday. 
A Soviet telex whidi arrived at 
Lancaster Gate yesterday 
morning was written in En- 
gUsb but mi^t as well have 
been scribed in hreroglyphics 
for all its clarity. 

The FA, who on Wednesday 
evening had repeated their 
request fbr a shortened fli^t 
path that excluded 'vishs to 
Moscow, had yet again to seek 
further clarification: Its subse- 
quent arrival not only saved 
Robin's World Oq) prepara- 
tions fiw a withering set- 
back, but also qiared the 
Rn gHsh authorities from deep 

. B i M e ads '-r'.ScotisBd will not 
be allowed to ^ay against 
B^om Iwre in next year^ 
Earogean TTiMnpio—hip- " die 
Miofster of tbe Interior, 
Cliari«-Ferdiaud Netho mb ; 
said yesterday (a Corre^ondcBt 
writes).- M. Nodiomb nid die 
game, schcdoled for April 1, 
woold citber bare to be played 
OBtsIde die coiuitry or in aa 
empty moimd. 

FjigiMi did» are emrendy 
banned bom all Eonqiean com- 
petito foDowing tbe European 
Cop in Brnssds 

last year, bat the sespeosioa 
does net apply to Scottish cWis 
or the nadooal team. • Eroie 
Walker, the Scottish FA sec- 
retary, see BO reason why 
die Bebpans sbedd assodate 
Scodand with what baniMttd in 
BTessds last MayCOlre Write 
writes). Mr Walker said: ‘This 
is dw proMm of the Bd^aa 
FA, Mt cars. The foduon in 
whieb foey wUi to piay ns, 
nhedia' it be behind eiosed 
doors ar-odside BeUwn; is ^ 
tDdMB.-iUl 1 know IS thet they 
here an oUigation to ^ay as 
borne and away" . . ■ ■ 

Since qualifying for. the 
finals, Fn ^and have played in 
^ypt and Israel With only 
the domestic skirmish ag^st 
Scotland and the relatively, 
gentle outings ag^st Guadar 
lajara and f^"^da to come, 
the Soviets represented the 
lone genuinely meaningful oiv 
ponents in tbe build-up to 

If the match had been called 
off, as had seemed more than 

likely, tbe England squad 
would probably have gone to 
pishnm Abbey-.for several 
lai^eiy irrelevant training ses- 
^ons. Althou^ the Swetfi^ 
and Svriss assodaiioos had 

been contectedj the chwees of 
f^rraiig in g an international at 
sudi short notice were regard- 
ed privately as remote.. 

It was brave, pedaps fool- 
hflwiy, of Enj^amTs ofiBdals to 
take the diptomatic risk. The 
Soviets usu^y inrist that 
visiting sportsmen and wom- 
en, wherever their eventual 

destination mi^ be^ 89 vu 

Thar fete has befiilien three 

mmh ers of the StVAth 
Cowans, of Bail «i>d Halek^ 
and Vmxn^ w AG hfilii^ 

ranan t .fly wira^lw ip. TbQSI' 

$in« t^-wffl. .4ie flu a 
scheduled fl^ fimn Baly. 
-They win tiara -for 24 hours 
and join iheir.oolteagaes oa 

A sunilar detotti wonld 
have addled .anenher JpOO 
miles and an extra day to an 
alre^ tengthy jonroey- of 
some 6,(X)0 miles for the rest 
of the Engdsflti ^bej/ai. Tbey 
would . not h^ xetmped 
home until Fxkhvaal wisiild 
have stnndried, ml-cyed- 
and nhaune(^_hl^ tiie d8 
dom q ti c dobrgtp- 
grainine' ora 'tire B 

Aa it is. the fotti lepresei^ 

tira from EratoiL wwiqnali' 
fied ftr the Screen S^port Super 
firud on Wedooday; wiB 
scarcely be freidi. for tire more 
relev^ .Canon League- 
tuxes a gring Newcastle Unit- 
ed next Satm^ and par- 
ticularly at . Manchester 
‘ United the foDowing Monday. 
Nor jvriff Arsenal^ tifo be 
ide^ prepiaied for the deiby 
at Hotspur. OF the 

visit to Watford. 

Tbe champioD^p anfoi- 
- tioQS. of Tottenham, and 
Soitihainplon, tiie only other 
chibs wifo more th^ .one 
r epre sentative, in foe party, 
disa^iMred Itmg ago.^ Queen's 
ftffk Ran^is are still , not 
assured of avoiding rel^at^ 
and tbdr capain,. Fenwidc^ 
may not be as liv^ as 'luual 
for the Oip fi]^ previm 

against Oxford United and an- 
otber ariDsiod With Chelsea. 

Why FA should be eyeing 

the man 

From David MHkr, Tmin 

For the first time since 
Jimmy Hogan and ofoers 
some SO years ago, an Ei^fish 
confo is the most wanted man 
in Enropean footiiaU, and on 
acoonnt iff his adueranents 
oait^de the enriromnent of tiie 
British gaine. 

By taU^ Baredona to the 
SMiHkals iff tiie European 
Cop at the expose iff 
Jorent as , (he boUtaS and 
world dob dtampions, Terry 
VenaUes hasear^ nniversa] 
acdafoi. ^ecnlation is rife 
foat he inll be leavji^ Baicdo-. 
na; that he is to Jom, among 
others, Tottmlmm Hotspnn 
that a dozen positiiw are 

It would be surprifo^ how- 
ever, if Venables dM not 
discreetly bold his band to 
await the ontcome of 
Er^land’s fortunes in tte 
Wwld Cop. It b nnceitain as 
yet whetiier the FA will extend 
Bidiby Robson's cimtract If 
do -not porform with 
distinction in Mexico, the FA 
may be indined toask Robson 
if ht will contihne as director 
of foartihig while 

they OMNdiit a yen^m team 

Venables is revealiiig the 
htwri of tactical co-onfinafiim 
which, ntally, wins jnatehes 
away frem himie: recall foe 

Venables %ill 
leave in Jiuie’ 

Tory Vdiablm will leave. 
Barcelona, in . JDne,a club 
spokesman armounced yester- 
day. Tire qmkesman, who 
remsed to be identified,' said 
44-year-oid Venables had al- 
ready written to the cliib 
president saying he would not 
be renewi^ his pieseni 

- In the letter, it vsa said.' 
Venablm also exudain^. he 
was teaving the dub because 
of "family probfems". He h^. 
been offe^ an improved new 
two-year contract, ' 1^ h^ 
rgected it Hie Barcdbna 
report suggests Vesfoles has 
set his sights on. a letiiin to 
Qi^and, altboi^ it is under-, 
stood that Juventiis, whose 
manager U to leave at the end. 
of tbe season, are interested in 
tempting the Englifonian"^ 
Tunn. . 

would prove no more .effective 
foan a log med fo 'dam a' 
ffonriing nw. The creative. 
” — ’^liiim'.' Platini and 


was mqftratibiiaL ; 
Yet. thanks- to an heroic 
pcffomuuice by tifo SSyear- 
old M^ndi. at., the heart i<ff. 
d^ence, and to abysnid 

ao^ wifo Us -team at half- 
time for losing fb^ nerve: . 

-’^1 had to in ri st- that we 
shiRdd do what we had set oiti 
tti' do, to play ftiofoUi 
onrsd^” he said. **We*d get 
to give Jnventas.somcfohig-fo- 
ftar, to try. for another 
ourselves im.ttchr gyonnd, so 
as. to Btake tiwm evn more- 
frantic. 1 know! they •mfosed 
-two ea^ dnmoes, vriridh fiBte- 

a reserve pbm* bntifoafh 
how it goes. Wheik yon conaid. 
& boor many playes we had 
absent over tra inatdm^l 
• fooi^ht wo desorved vfoai'ye 

For anrthier 

JPIatim in mnmte 

vfoich fanditnthaiehr'fffo fwp- 
goU lead;' '~estaUitited ' ^ 
-Aichlb^^ fimfOst. header 8 
qnaii^ 'of an .'hoir earii^ 
ArdubaU . had _liiaynd vrifo 
u cai ie h i Hg forfoe-itere fhff ht^: ad las' 
seesiad h^ h^aey mfccratjy 
rnl^ hfin nine of Scoflanf^ 

natd Rmnania ne^ 

weeL.66 asmak^vUn 
foeV most -vdoshtfeil .of 
.'Barcelona'^ fbr..tte 

smni-final first Iqg On Apd 2: 

e by foe reserve Jnventns cen-- 

Italy and too oflai .of GROHr 
wood away from Wemlriey. 

The measnre of Barcelona's 
perfw ma iice, winning ^ 
quarterfinal 2-1 on aggregate, 
e foal Jnventns in the second 
pi^ed Dke gamine worid 
demons, for 20 minmes at 
file start it s eemed that they 
wonld swamp the oiqmritioD, 
that foe sii^e goal by which 
Bareelon led froii tire first teg 

Barcetena survived'- to find 
th^ eqmlflmnm hf the last 

Venables consideis tii^ 
whichever ride' Barcriona 
must jday in the semi-fiiuls 
th^ wo^ not inoride ta 
severe a test as the three th^' 
have already heateOr Bohonir 
ans of Poitb and now 

the champions. Bef 'he nil 
nfterwards that he had been 

fire file jecendl^ 

^nqfo feaffaihonr ihgo tite 
amhmity of; JnvMtm '1^ 
.waned, tfaeirmarveBoiiriy ' eos- 
bririfoA ^ay&m had.VecomO 
raffle^ ftycrip na .rec o v a ied 
mentri. stabnSiy.' 

fit ; 

Imvmg nothing to ftax^coccem 
fear' Its^** Allan FEorris, 
VenaWeaCs. assiriiuiL 
' "We'd winiked'sb hsiti iwom 
players beftte.t&e tie tii'maite 

them believe frwais posriUo lo 


Mow fiwfoaB, 3Q 



TOW by 


ftmteMn BaiBantine 
r NewOrkans 

SeveTitina Balfosteros'l 
hfiq^jff 'betdg lemriate^ - - 

the .US PGA.foiff have m- . 
aea^.fotfbwti^ a ineetiag 
here' ax which his fttlofo- 
pH ffea sioiMiI s sufRiorttd ^tbe 
case for his hao to be lifted. 
Berittharti Lat^ and NkhTg 
j^iddi were, among scores of 
.pteyers whoheard BaBesteM :: : 1 
jput h& caK prior to the fniff' ’• 
.nmod.'Qf’.-foo-Nev Orleans 
Oassie,wfaktiras washed ont 
by laifl' The first 

roHj^ wifi- now oe today, with 
36 holes Sunday. 

The 15^ dr.ihe ptei«re' 
meeting may be ehher foal the 
^Ittnord wxD be reinstated to 
foe (our or the rule requinng 
Europeans to compete in at 
kasi 15 tournaments wiH be 

. .*tSw ^ke on things he 
were impckiant and said 
he felt font he was wronged.’’ 
3ff^6eA Gary. McCord, h mem- 
ber of the toontement poDcy 
board ^ a Jot of input •. 
from fbrdgdplayersaboui tbe _ 
tbnr and rixmt the guidelines - 
aie niquuied to perform 

they ai 

Earlier, Baifasteros bad 
explained:'*! was never aware 
{ff tfae niles. The firri thixig l 
knew .about it . (a posable 
expulsioo} w when Mr 
Boxtan ' wrote . to ^lne last 
August J thought Fd lose my 
acmal iiiCTbersh4i bill be abte 
to go b^ to foe previous rule, 
by wUch. I under 

qxmsors* exemptions.’* 

Mr Beman and his board 
will now -haw to o^dertbe 
feefi]^ of their players and 
some - compromise seems-., 



' AiharvdlbiiatinFdttmiidof 

for foe event, m^idted -Brile 
Rotertson and.Mary Mi 

Jary McKmv' 

na toa‘deSeif^.^^BU>ry in the 
21st Am. WaadNis womea'« 
foursomes rii^pioDshfos at 
Hie Berkshireycsieiday. . 


Open strokimlay 
jitieiiast. at .the age'M 49,' 

a^ Mis^McKenna, - who- fo 
tins year .to.g^^a-: 
xedoraiiiptii appearance hi ^ 
Gupi, came fixMD tifree . 
atriricss baund ovon^ to - 
fead^ii^ stroll . 

: So xn the fourth apd final 
ttttind tn tfae afternobu of the 
.R^'- Course; Mis Rtfoeitsoa . 
aad'r Miss McKenna could 
aSbiti to play conservatively 
and a doangT^I gavertfaem 8; 

record-equalling 72-h<^ 
gzegaie bi 298<- six over pm — 
and a tworiipt win qv^ Unda ■ 
jSayn^'. and BdauieM ' Gaf-_ 


Mrs :Robertson and Miss ' 
'McKemia .:tQok. .wiopsind 
info birdies ih' -foe 
moniiiteoiEifoe BJuepHRse?-- 
five of them in an O ntcr ^ ^ing 
ontwairi-balf- of-:31 ' • 

• --'if 

.'1' '. .. . 

5oiMon«teMlMeKMmft7K 7% 
68; 79...aQ0: J-E.BinffiDBi''iiid J 
Gamer. '7878,782?: fofe -p JoiHh- 
sm ^ L-8foaiir7g. r7Si 79. TB- 

308;-8MQOfBraft aHd 

3^, -79. 79, 73. 310:' j HIS sid 
»or^77i 76r 78. 77; 312 P SnMe 
and J coSSnlttm. 60 76 77 76. 31* 
KMtihatlAKyitayL 81. 77,7^79;