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TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


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• Mr Dowlas Hurd, the Home Sec- 
retary, criticized the Irish court over its 
tendling of the Evelyn Glenholmes 
extradition request and its refusal to 
accept a telephone call from Scotland 
Yard as evidence 

• But he agreed with Co ns ervative 
backbenchers that there had been 
incompetence in the Director of Public 
Prosecutions* office and promised 
changes to avoid such failures in future 


Mr . Douglas 

Home Secretary, yesterday 
criticized the Irish court for 
refusing to allow an adjourn- 
ment in the case of Miss 
Evelyn Glenholmes, the IRA 
' terrorist suspect who escaped 
extradition to Britain on a 
legal technicality on Saturday. 
He also appeared to criticize 


• Nine new warrants for the arrest of 
Miss Glenholmes, who is wanted in 
connection with London bombings, 
including three murders, were on their 
way to Dublin from London yesterday 

• The Garda resumed its search for 
Miss Glenholmes, but she will already 
have assumed a disguise and win be 
provided with a new identity and 
passport by Republican friends shelter- 
ing her in a safe bouse, page 2 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

Hunt the DPP’s office, should answer to 
the House. 

With Sir Michael sitting 
silently at his side, Mr Hurd 
explained that the 
Glenholmes extradition war- 
rants had been considered 
defective because they had 
been based on evidence origi- 
nally made on oath last 


by 


the court for failing to accept . October. 

4 ha t-, -T-. _ n 


the “normal practice” of "a 
telephone call from New Scot- 
land Yard to the Garda as 
evidence that a fresh extradi- 
tion warrant had been issued 
m London that morning. 

But in Commons exchanges 
he agreed with one of his own 
backbenchers that there had 
been “incompetence” on the 
pan of the office of the 
'Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions and he pledged a shake- 
up to ensure that there would 
be no repetition of the 
“failure*-. 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, the 
Opposition spokesman, said 
that “slackness, incompetence 
and complacency brought 
about this discreditable botch- 
up”. and he was later joined 
by Conservative backbenchers 
in fruitlessly demanding that 
disciplinary action should be 
taken against the culpable 
officials m the DPP's office. 

There .were also demands 
that Sir Michael Havers, the 
Attorney General and the law 
officer responsible for the 


The October warrants trad 
been withdrawn because of 

Unionists appear to be 
heading for afi-oot confronta- 
tion with the Government after 
the Prime Minister insisted 
the Anglo-Irish 
would not be suspended. 

Mrs Thatcher has written to 
the Unionist leaders saying 
she was prepared to talk, bat 
tat die agreement with Dublin 
would remain in places 

technical faults, but when new 
warrants had been issued in 
November the evidence was 
not re-sworn as required in 
Irish law. 

At that point Miss 
Glenholmes had “disappeared 
from view” and when she was 
re-arrested on March 12 her 
extradition was sought on the 
basis of November’s defective 
warrants. 

The Home Secretary told 
the House “The extradition 
application foiled because of a 


technical objection taken 
the Dublin court” 

He said that Sir Michad 
and he regretted that the 
objection had not been fore- 
seen in time. 

Meanwhile, Sir Michael had 
“instructed” Sir Thomas 
Hetheringion, the DPP for 
England, and Wales, and his 
opposite number in Ulster, 
“to ensure personally that all 
outstanding warrants is re- 
spect of terrorist offences are 
checked at once for accuracy 
and sufficiency”. 

In response to a question 
from Mr Kaufman, Mr Hurd 
stressed: “We have no criti- 
cism of the co-operation we 
received in this matter from 
the Irish authorities.” 

But he pointedly foiled to 
deliver similar exoneration for 
the court. 

Asked by Mr Ivor 
Stanbrook, Conservative MP 
for Orpington and a barrister, 
whether it would not have 
been sufficient for the court to 
adjourn the bearing “before 
releasing into the community 
a notorious wanted criminal” 
Mr Hurd said be chose his 
words with care in replying 
“that it would have been 
possible for the court to lake a 
different derision on the re- 
quest for an adjournment”. 

Mon in (he news. Page 
Parliament, Page 


Tomorrow 


Mothers of 
the future 



Today’s daughters 
arc tomorrow’s 
mothers — but how 
many will learn 
from the example of 
their own families? 
Bel Mooney reports 

Whitehall on 
foe fence 

Are there shocks in 
. store for the 
Civil Service? 



There is £4.000 to be won in 
today’s Times Portfolio com- 
petition because there was bo 
winner yesterday. Portfolio 
list page 20; bow to play, 
information serrire, page 16. 

This week the weekly prize 
of £20,000 will be awarded on 
Friday, rather than Saturday. 
This is because the Stock 
Exchange wiB be dosed on 
Friday and there wQl be no 
daily prize for Saturday. 

Spy claim 

An Australian court has given 
Britain three weeks to derail 
objections to publication of a 
book by Mr Peter Wright, .the 
former MI5 man who accused 
Sir Roger Hollis of being a 
KGB spy Page 7 

Killer drink 

Drink kills 25,000. people a 
year and the Brrri sfa d rink 
twice as much as 20 years ago, 
according to a report which 
calls for new curbs Page 5 

Care overhaul 

The NSPCC. criticized in a 
report on the death of Heidi 
Koscda. has acted to improve 
child care services Page 3 


Rome' News" 2-5 
Chctttts S-7 
Appis 14 J 2 
Arts 8 

Births, deaihi. 

mnTriijrrr 14 

Bus&as 1*7-22 
Cbe* 2 

Com -14 
Crosswords 9.14 
_ 11 

Ln 


Leaders 

13 . 

Letters 

U 

PwEamms 

4 

Pren bonds 

16 

SrieRown 

4 

Sdrsre 

14 

Snow reports 

16 

f£Sres,rtc 31 

TV A RuSo 

31 

IniTHsitws 

14 


16 


****** 


Glenholmes hunt 
on new warrants 


By Stewart Tendler and Rich- 
ard Ford 

Nine fresh warrants for the 
arrest of Evelyn Glenholmes 
arrived or were on their way to 
Dublin from London yester- 
day at foe beginning of foe 
third big police hunt for the 
woman since Scotland Yard 
named her as a Provisional 
IRA fugitive to a London 
court m 1984. 

In foe meantime talks have 
begun in London between foe 
Director of Public 
Prosecutions’ office and Scot- 
land Yard to prevent another 
legal debacle such as foe one 
that freed Miss Glenholmes 
from an Irish court at foe 
weekend.. 

One possibility being ad- 
vanced by foe police, still 
angry at foe weekend's events, 
would be special legal teams 
that would handle foe prepa- 
rations for extraditing an IRA 
suspect and be oo hand during 
the Irish court case. 

Garda Siochana officers be- 
gan foe task of trying to find 
Miss Glenholmes, wanted as a 
suspect in London bombings 
involving three murders, be- 
fore she could be smuggled out 
of foe Republic to a country 
where extradition would be 
even more difficult 

Sir Thomas Hetheringion . 
foe DPP, and his staff refused 
to comment on the case, but 
an angry detective said that 
although no DPP official was 
in court in Dublin for two 
days of the extradition bearing 
an English barrister and a 
solicitor were present advising 
foe defence. 

It is understood that no 
members of the DPP's staff 
are to face dismissal or inter- 
nal discipline for the legal 
blunder which gave foe Irish- 
woman her freedom. An Irish 
judge ruled on Saturday that 
nine English warrants were 
invalid because foe informa- 
tion on which they were issued 
was not sworn before foe 
London magistrate on foe day 


he issued foe documents to a 
DPP official. 

The warrants were issued in 
November 1984 after a first 
set were described as defective 
by foe Irish authorities, and 
foe police have complained 
that they were left unchecked 
for 18 months. 

One new warrant was issued 
on Saturday at Bow Street as 
the Irish court freed Miss 
Glenholmes. News of its issue 
given to foe Irish police by 
telephone did not satisfy foe 
judge. A DPP official, rushed 
to Dublin, 

The warrant arrived in 
Dublin yesterday morning 
and a senior Yard source said 
foe Irish police did not need it 
physically to make an arrest so 
foe delay had no effect. • 

Eight warrants were issued 
yesterday during foe day from 
Bow Street and a Berkshire 
court which covers three of foe 
offences. The first warrant sent 
from London is foe one that 
foe British believe would cir- 
cumvent Irish protection for 
offences claimed to be politi- 
cal. It details the murder of a 
civilian woman , Mrs Nora 
Field, killed by the Chelsea 
barracks nail bomb in 1981. 



Six die as fierce gales and snow sweep country 

Tragedy 
as tree 
falls on 
school 



The uprooted tree which crashed down on a makeshift classroom in Maidstone, Kent cansing the death of a pupil aged 18 


Thatcher 
denies 
share deal 

By Philip Webster 
Political Reporter 

The Prime Minister last 
night repudiated reports that 
she had dealt in shares in ha- 
own name while Prime Min- 
ister. 

In a statement from Down- 
ing Street replying to weekend 
reports that she had improper- 
ly dealt in shares Mrs Thatch- 
er said that last year she had 
made arrangements for all her 
holdings of shares to be trans- 
ferred to a firm of mvestment 
managers with foil powers to 
buy and sell shares without 
reference to her. 

She said that in 1971 (when 
she was Secretary of State for 
Education and Science) she 
had brought a small share- 
holding in the Australian com- 
pany, Broken Hill Prop- 
rietary, which was the firm 
mentioned. 

She said it was registered In 
her own name. But between 
1971 and 1986 the holding was 
increased to its current level 
through a series of rights 
issues, dividend issues and 
share splits, ln other words 
(he holding had been in- 
creased to its current level 
through a natural accnutl 
rather than dealing. 

She said that from when she 
transferred her affairs to the 
investment firm 130 3 Broken 
Hill shares were transferred to 
foe nommees of the investment 
managers and foe remaining 
24 shares were in the course of 
being transferred to them. The 
statement added: “All foe 
share are still held on her 
behalf; none have been sold.” 
The statement may still 
leave Mrs Thatcher open to 
attack from foe opposition 
because of the admission that 
she bought the shareholding 
when she was a cabinet 
minister. 

Bat Downing Street sources 
have said that she has meticu- 
lously observed foe rales 


Oil heads for 
$10 with Opec 
in disarray 


By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

other members to meet in 
London. 


World oil prices are likely to 
resume their downward spiral 
after foe crisis meeting of foe 
Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries ended in 
disarray m Geneva yesterday. 

Prices could tumble to- 
wards $10 a barrel by the end 
of foe week, according to oil 
traders who have been at foe 
talks for the past week. 

Trading in North Sea crude 
oil reacted sharply to foe end 
of the talks with prices for 
delivery next month dropping 
90 cents finm Friday’s $ 1 3.90 
and by more than a dollar to 
S1 1.75 for delivery in June 

The impact of the meeting 
was felt on foe Stock Exchange 
where share prices fell back 
sharply on dashed hopes of 
another early cut in base rates. 
The Financial Times 30-share 
index fell by 17.6 points to 
1394.6. The wider FTSE 100- 
shart index dropped by 24.4 
points to 1663.9. 

The pound fell by 1.38 cents 
to $1.4897, but gained 2’A 
pfennigs to DM3.40. The ster- 
ling index ended unchanged at 
75.9. 

The effects of Opec’s failure 
to agree were felt in foe 
domestic money markets. 
Rates finned and are now in 
line with base rates, currently 
1 1.5 per cent 

On Friday, foe Bank of 
England bad to .step in to 
prevent rales from falling too 
quickly. Now, another base 
rate cut is unlikely until weC 
into next month. Government 
slocks were hit by market 
disappointment over base rate 
prospects. long-dated stocks 
fell by about £1. 

Opec will resume its meet- 
ing on April 15, again proba- 
bly in Geneva, though Kuwait 
is attempting to persuade the 


An element within Opec 
feels it can still persuade 
producers outside the cartel to 
co-operate in production re- 
straint and so raise prices 
again. 

They have added Canada to 
foe list of countries, including 
Britain and Norway, they feel 
should co-operate. The more 
realistic members of the cartel 
admit that if they cannot agree 
among themselves there is no 
chance of persuading Britain 
to co-operate. 

The deep divisions within 
Opec were reflected in foe 
derision by Opec’s President, 
Senor Arturo Grisanti, not to 
present the final com- 
munique. 

After a hard week maintain- 
ing a fragile, peace within the 
organization, he left that task 
to an official, staying in his 
hotel suite with a “cold” 

ft appears that fundamental 
differences, previously con- 
cealed, have emerged 

The war between Iran and 
Iraq has spilled into foe 
deliberations and foe differ- 
ence in revenue needs has 
become more pronouced be- 
tween the rich Arab Gulf 
states and countries such as 
Indonesia, Venezuela and 
Nigeria, 

At one point during the 
discussions, it was revealed 
yesterday, a proposal by Dr 
Subroto, foe Indonesian oil 
minister and a former Opec 
president, came close to ac- 
ceptance. He suggested that 
countries such as Saudi Arabia 
and Kuwait, which could best 
afford a production cut. 
should shoulder the lion’s 
share of output restrictions. 

Kenneth Fleet, page 17 


Tougher 
line on 
smoking 

By Nicholas Timmins 

Cigarette advertising is to be 
banned in cinemas and in 
magazines with young readers 
under a new agreement with 
the tobacco industry an- 
nounced by Mr Norman 
Fowler. Secretary of State for 
Social Services, yesterday. 

Stronger health warnings on 
cigarette packs and a £1 
million a year campaign 
aimed at stopping foe sale of 
cigarettes to children were also 
announced. 

The agreement, which will 
run for three and a half years, 
also includes a freeze on 
poster advertising spending 
and a new joint committee 
between the industry and the 
health departments to uphold 
foe agreement. 

The British Medical Associ- 
ation. however, said foe new 
agreement did little more than 
“attempt to paper over the 
cracks in the previous highly 
unsatisfactory agreement". 

Action on Smoking and 
Health said the agreement was 
“dearly a step in the right 
direction”. 

The new health warnings— 
still on foe side of foe packs 
rather than in a more promi- 
nent position-for foe first 
time want of specific diseases. 

Mr Fowler said the old 
warning “Smoking can seri- 
ously damage your health" 
had become too familiar and 
lost its impact. 

The measures intended to 
protect the young were partic- 
ularly important, he said. 

Advertising near schools 
will be banned, brand names 
and logos will be banned on 
“give aways” for children at 
events such as roadshows and 
airshows. 


By Patricia Clough 

A youth aged 18 was 
crashed yesterday after a 60- 
foot tree crashed into a make- 
shift classroom in Maidstone, 
Kent He was among at least 
six people who died as gales 
g®sting ap to 100- miles an 
hours lore across south era 
Britain yesterday wreaking 
havoc and destruction. 

In parts of Scotland, the 
Pen nines and Welsh moun- 
tains. snow blocked roads, cot 
off villages and brought a 
spate of accidents. Thick fog 
between Greater Manchester 
and West Yorkshire caused a 
pile-up of 40 vehicles on the 
M62. Three vehicles burst into 
flames and eight people were 
injured. 

The south-westerly gales 
were caused by a “vicious 
depression” sweeping across 
England, bringing ctrid air into 
contact with the warmer air in 
the south and west, a spokes- 
man at the London Weather 
Centre said. 

“These are eqainoctiai 
gales, very typical for this time 
of the year hot worse than 
normal”, he said. They were 
expected to die down and give 
way to colder weather with 
rain or snow showers by today 
.but a cycle of gales followed 
by cold weather could start 
again on Wednesday. 

The Weather Centre was 
not able to forecast the weath- 
er for Easter hot it was likely 
to be unsettled, the spokesman 
said. 

Steven Laws, aged 18, was 
trapped for half an hour after a 
large sycamore was “literally 
blown out of the ground” a 
fireman said, and through foe 
ceiling of his temporary class- 
room at Oakwood Park Gram- 
mar School, Maidstone, 
during an English lesson. He 
died later in hospitaL 

Another boy was taken to 
hospital bat was said to be not 
seriously injured. Nine stu- 
dents and their teacher were in 
the classroom at the time. 

A none operator, aged 55, 
was crashed to death when his 
crane was blown over at 
Tipton, West Midlands. At 
Kings Lynn, Norfolk, a woman 
aged 55 was blown into the 
River Ouse. She was rescued 
by police bnt was dead on 
arrival at hospitaL 

In Cottenham, Cambridge- 
shire, an elderly man died 
after being hit by a wooden 
panel torn from a shed. 

In Northampton, a van driv- 
er was killed as be swerved to 
avoid a Calling tree and 
crashed into an oncoming 
vehicle. Another driver died as 
three heavy vehicles collided 
in snow at Barkston Ash, 
North Yorkshire. 

The Severn Bridge was 
closed to traffic for foe first 

Continued on page 2, col 3 






Libyans fire, but 
miss US planes 

From Christopher Thomas Washington 
Libyan forces fired at least number of Libyan planes tak- 

ing^off from military bases. 


two Soviet made anti-aircraft 
missiles at US war planes 
yesterday when they Dew over 
Colonel Gaddafi’s “line of 
death” across foe Gulf of Sine, 
according to Pentagon 
sources. The missiles appar- 
ently missed by a wide 

margin. 

Neither the Pentagon nor 
foe State Department would 
officially confirm the attack. It 
appears that there was no 
immediate retaliation by foe 
American planes or the Sixth* 
Fleet, which began manoeu- 
vres off the Libyan coast on 
Saturday night in a show of 
resolve against Libya's territo- 
rial claim over the entire guff. 

“There were reports of sur- 
fece-to-air missiles, not dog 
fights,” one source said last 
night. He added that there was 
evidence of an increasing 


smagon sources said last 
night that “fragmentary” re- 
ports coming from foe Sixth 
Fleet suggest**! that the mis- 
siles were SA-5s, a long-range 
weapon that can be used 
against targets up to 1 50 miles 
away but is generally consid- 
ered ineffective against fast, 
low-flying jets. 

If the reports are accurate, it 
will mark foe first time that 
Libya has been known to fire 
foe SA-5 missile. They have 
been installed along foe Liby- 
an shore around foe Gulf of 
Sine, according to the US. 

Pentagon sources said sev- 
eral small ships with the Sixth 
Fleet followed the jet fighters 
across the “line of death” 
yesterday. They were not ac- 
companied by foe three carri- 
ers in foe manoeuvres. 


Report on 
pull-out 
by GM 

Mr Paul Cbannon, Secre- 
tary of State for Trade and 
Industry, will report to foe 
Commons today on foe break- 
down of British Leyland pri- 
vatization talks with General 
Motors. 

Mrs Thatcher met ministers 
yestendayto hear a report from 
Mr Chan non. and although 
officials sources were not rul- 
ing out a return of GM to the 
negotiating table, few MPs 
expected that to happen. 

• Mr John Taylor, Conserva- 
tive MP for Solihull, who 
opposed the possibility of GM 
being allowed to buy a 49 per 
cent stake in Land Rover, 
described the GM offer as “a 
bid too far”. He hoped foe 
Government and British Ley- 
land would open serious talks 
with Land Rover's manage- 
ment buy-out consortium. 
Leading article, page 13 


Hailsham agrees to pay talks with the Bar 


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By Frances Gibb 
' Correspoi 

The Lord Chancellor has 
agreed to pay negotiations 
with- the Bar. He will ask the 
Cabinet to approve a timetable 
for foe talks which look set to 
end the High Court dispute 
over criminal legal aid fees. 

Lord Haflsham of St 
Marylebooe’s decision, an- 
noBKed in foe High Comt 
yesterday, comes after clear 
hints at the end of last week 


wrong. 


la a apparent invitation to 
(he lawyers on both sides to 
settle foe dispute Lord Lane 
ad journed the proceedings ear- 
ly on Friday, saying he would 
not tike to have to. rate against 
Lord Hailsham and that some 
“hard thinking” was needed. 

Yesterday counsel for the 
Lord Chancellor, Mr Nicholas 
Phillips, QC said talks had 
now taken place and a timeta- 
ble for negotiation had been 
put forward. 

“The Lord Chancellor 
would like to agree, but will 
need to consult colleagues 
because foe timetable could 


have implications for public 
expenditure.” 

The High Court proceed- 
ings were adjourned until 
Wednesday by which time it is 
boped Urn decision to embark 
on talks will have been pot to 
the Cabinet. 

The Bar wants to negotiate 
over its pay claim of 30 to 40 
per cent submitted to foe 
Government tost September 
on foe basis of an independent 
survey. 

It is claiming Lord Hail- 
sham acted unlawfully In that 
he failed to negotiate before 
announcing to increase fees for 


criminal legal aid work by only 
5 per cent; and that.ia setting 
the 5 per cent limit he was in 
breach of his statutory duty to 
provide “lair and reasonable” 
rates of pay. 

In foe High Court proceed- 
ings last week it was disclosed 
that Lord Hailsham made up 
bis mind mi the 5 per cent 
increase in December, al- 
though officials continued to 
promise talks and only told foe 
Bar of his deration in Febru- 
ary- 


Lord Lane said be was 
“troubled” by this and found H 


“very difficult to understand” 
why negotiations had stopped 
in December. 

The action, brought on be- 
half of the 5^00 barristers of 
England and Wales in foe 
nam e of foe Bar chairman. Mr 
Robert Alexander. QC, was 
launched at that special meet- 
ing in February. 

The Lord Chancellor also 
faces High Court proceedings 
brought by foe Law Society of j 
England and Wales. The ac- 
tion, which makes foe same 
claims as that by the Bar, is 
doe to be heard after Easter. 


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HOME NEWS 


Rules for disciplining 
doctors assailed as 
costly and unworkable 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Sendees Correspondent 


IC-^ 


- Health ministers are being 
.pressed to change the proce- 
dure for disciplining doctors 
■in the wake of the Wendy 
•Savage inquiry. Health au- 
thorities are warning the De- 
partment of Health and Social 
Security that the procedure 
has become “unworkable'’. 

; r is unfair both to health 
authorities, who face huge 
delays -and costs in trying to 
•get rid ‘of incompetent doc- 
tors, and to doctors them- 
selves. Those who are cleared 
by the end of the procedure 
may have been suspended for 
four years or more at a cost to 
the National Health Service of 
£250:000. 

Even when a doctor is 
cleared, health authorities say, 
so much time may have 
elapsed and so much bad 
blood may have been generat- 
ed- that it is difficult or 
impossible for the doctor to go 
back to work. 

• A confidential memoran- 
dum from Trent Regional 
•Health Authority to the chair- 
men, managers and regional 
medical officers of the other 
13 NHS regions, says the 
procedure is “out of date, 
-complicated, slow and very 
costly". It has become “pro- 
gressively unworkable". 

The procedure, which is 
used to deal with cases of 

MPs press 
•for assault 


serious professional miscon- 
duct or incompetence, is 
“cumbersome and 

bureaucratic" and “positively 
detrimental" for both health 
authorities and doctors. 

District medical officers in 
other regions are now saying 
privately they will not u* the 
procedure because of the time 
it takes, the cost and the 
uncertainty about the 
outcome. 

The Trent memorandum 
says that the need to take die 
huge costs into account inhib- 
its health authorities from 
taking disciplinary action over 
professional incompetence or 
misconduct. But the “interests 
of the service and the care 
given to patients" require that 
should not be so. 

Concern has been brought 
to a head by the publicity over 
the case of Mrs Wendy Sav- 
age, the consultant obstetri- 
cian suspended from the 
London Hospital for almost a 
year, where the cost to the 
health authority is estimated 
to be approaching £100.000, 
with Mrs Savage's costs in the 
same region. 

If she is cleared her suspen- 
sion will have lasted 15 
months. 

■But Trent's memorandum 
says h has eight serious disci- 
plinary cases pending at any 

Angel 
had many 


meeting injuries 


By Stephen Goodwin 
Political Staff 

. Manchester city councillors 
and MPs are seeking an urgent 
-meeting with the Home Secre- 
tary to press for a speedy 
conclusion to an inquiry into 
fcfcrims by two students that 
they; have been intimidated 
and assaulted by plainclothes 
police officers. 

One of the students, Steven 
Shaw, aged 24, spoke yester- 
day of nightmares in which he 
sees the faces of two officers he 
says beat him up in a Man- 
chester street last February. 

Harassment alleged by the 
two includes threats, surveil- 
lance, assault and buiglary 
spread over a year. Both were 
involved in the demonstration 

against the visit of Mr Leon | 
Brittan, then Home Secretary, ' 
to Manchester University 
The Police Complaints Au- 
thority, helped by officers 
from Avon and Somerset 
police, is investigating 
In October 19S5 an inde- 
pendent inquiry panel set up 
by the council concluded there 
had been a misuse of a police 
riot squad. 

The second student in- 
volved, Sarah Hollis, aged 22, 
has recently fallen silent, re- 
portedly after an offer made 
over the telephone. 


John Mikkleson, the Hell's 
Angel who died in police 
custody after inhaling hisj 
vomit, had a large number of 
injuries to different parts of 
his body, a pathologist said at 
an inquest into his death 
yesterday. 

Dr Stephen Cordner told 
the inquest in Hammersmith 
that he had cuts and bruises to' 
his face, neck, chest, pelvis, 
arms, back and buttocks. 

Mr Mikkleson, aged 34, of 
Salters Road. North Kensing- 
ton, west London, died after 
he was arrested by . police 
questioning several men 
about possession of a car m 
Feltham, west London. 

Dr Cordner said that Mr 
Mikkleson’s death was “an 
extremely complicated case . 
He was intoxicated with alco- 
hol and had been involved in 
a fight 

Dr Cordner said the injuries 
themselves did not indicate 
excessive force. 

The inquest continues 
today. 

Spanish pact 

The new extradition treaty 
between Britain and Spain 
was ratified yesterday, allow- 
ing Britain to seek the extradi- 
tion of ftigitives who enter or 
re-enter Spain from July 1. 


DAKSl Simpson 

y 01-734 3003 I I C C * 8 I L l T. 


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one time, employing two so- 
lienors virtually fill! time. 

In one case a consultant has 

been suspended for four years f 

at a cost of more than 
£200,000 as the disciplinary 
procedure and appeals have 
been gone through. $ 

In another, involving fraud, 7 
costs are running at more than 
£100.000 with the formal in- ; 
quiry yet to take place two 
years after the doctor was .. 

suspended. H 

If the inquiry goes ahead £ 
“the resource and time impli- 
cations will be hard to accept". 

In North East Thames, a 
consultant paediatrician has 
been suspended for three 
years, with threat of an inquiry 
still to be held, and a 
haematologist has been sus- 
pended for over more than 
four years. 

Trent says the burden of 
proof the procedure demands 
is “very high" and_ suffers 
from “excessive legalism" yet 
witnesses cannot be com- 
pelled to attend and the whole 
procedure, set up in 1961, is ^ 
“out of step with modem 
employment law" . 

A more simple and effective 
procedure is needed, the Trent 
document says, in the inter- 
ests of doctors, patients and 
health authorities. 

Maxwell 
printers | 
return 

By Ronald Fanx 
Printers on the Daily 
Record and Sunday Mas in i 
Glasgow agreed yesterday to i 
return to work according to the < 
de«l reached in London be- 1 
tween Sogat *82 and the i 
management of Mirror Group 1 
Newspapers in London, bat i 
refused to cross picket lines ; 
manned by the 220 dismissed < 
members of the National 

Union of Journalists of the two 

papers. 

The journalists were dis- 
missed by Mr Robert Maxwell 
the publisher, after striking in 
protest at rednndancy plans. 
Neither newspaper has ap- 
peared for two weeks. 

The decision by the printers 
came last night as a relief to 
the journalists who feared that 
, a return to work by Sogat 
members would isolate them 
and allow Mr Maxwell to 
prod nee the DaSy R ecor d, 
which has the biggest newspa- 
per circulation in Scotland, by 
facsimile from Manchester. 
Earlier the contempt action 
. against Sogat *82 in the High 
Court in London was ad- 
journed to await the decision of 
the meeting in Glasgow of 700 
printworkers. Mr Christopher 
Parr, QC, for Mirror Group 
Newspapers, told Mr Justice 
Potter that the key aspect of 
the deal reached over the 
••weekend between the group 
and the muons was the decla- 
ration by Sogat *82 that it was 
no part of its function to 
influence the editorial conduct 
of the paper. 

In return Mr Maxwell had 
withdrawn dismissal notices 
and the onion had agreed^ to 

bear the legal costs of bringing 

the contempt action. 

I .ast night management was 
considering its next move. 

Mr Maxwell has invit ed any 
journalists who wish to return 
to work to apply for their jobs 
but the NUJ has rejected the 
offer. 

Unions criticize 
Wapping police 

Print anion leaders met La- 
bour MPs yesterday to com- 
plain about police tactics 
outside News International's 
Wapping plant in east London 
yesterday. 

Among 50 people arrested 
outside the plant last Saturday 
night was Mr Tony Dobbins, 
the general secretary of the 
National Graphical Associa- 
tion, who has formally com- 
plained to the police about 
V their behaviour at Wapping. 
15 He has been charged with 
obstructing the highway. 

Scotland Yard said yester- 
day that all official complaints 
would be investigated. 

• Three members of the Sogat 
82 print union involved in an 




By Edward Townsend 


Short Brothers, tbfrBdfest- 
based aerospace company, s 
to take a trig stake in the next 
rich of short-haul air- 




jr. > ' 

•; 4 • .-** • 

* ~ * *v* . • ; 

, V v V 7 * - • • 

>. - V. "*■’ ’’ 

•• , X 

■ ■ ■ ■■ - . • - 7.:- t.-*.. 




s;:W-V- > 
. • .»• 
y ' 1 ;• £* 



-' : Y- 


and -.more students, figures 
compiled by the COmm msecs 
Directors;. ; of ■ Polytechnics 
show a 20 per cent n» m the 
number of fulltime and sand- 
wichstudentsinl985-8o com- 
pared with 1981-82. 77. 


jimnbets nMrks the end of 
peats’ continuous expan sion 
m the ^university system, re- 
flecting ihe reduction in stu- 
dent numbers winch ; *?* 
forced upon tire universaties in 
1981 by govennnent cuts. 

Ttte figures show -that 
75,967 . university students 
successfully completed :-ireda^ 
graduate courses and 72,019 
were awaunded first d^rees 

(95 per cent), a 13 per cent 
drop on the previous yean t 

There was a sharp nse ui tire 
number of part-time untversi- 



danghter, Bina. Mr Patel says he will vote Tory. - 

Fulham by-election 


Vision of SDP bandwagon 


By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter . . ‘ 

The first glimpse of the SOP* back Labour, while the Con- 
bandwagon getting under way servatives can count on 18.9 ^ for the 

in the Fulham by-election per cent support. “2? Jf ^11 

emerged yesterday as the party But moreimportanUy, 43.5 gSSe'moreMd more obvi- 
willingly admitted it is stuck per cent of Fulham s votere ous ^ ^ the Conservatives 


paign started. . „ , 

“This is about par for the 
course" ,he sakL“What . will 
become more and more obvi- 
ous is that the Conservatives 
can’t wrest this seal from 
Labour, but the Affiance can", 
he added. 

Mr Uddle concentrated his 


W&LUKK&IJ OUUUSIWU IS W — v*h per Lent UI 4 Uli ua iftn «» 

in third place behind Labour ^ stfll undecided on how to 
and the Conservatives. vote on April 10, according to 


SDP officials produced 
their first canvassing returns 
for the south-west London 
constituency which confirmed 
the latesto pinion poll predic- 
tions, showing Labour com- 
fortably in the lead. 
Conservatives second, and Mr 
Roger Uddle, the SDP candi- 
date, trailing last 
The SDP figures, based on 


vote on April 10, according to 
the SDP. After “cautious" 
reallocation of the undecided 
voters, the SDP estimates the 


proportion of overseas sto- 
dents on. postgraduate courses 
tncreased by more than 5per 
cent They now repreamt 
than one third of the 


voters, the SDP estimates the yesterday on the repeat- 

“* ^i?J“i5SSS?39 0 l f edmSSSSi-of 

foeelectoratea^b^39.1 {h£w the 

P® cen l ; Conservative candidate, to 

per cent jpd _SDP attend public meetings .and 

cent On foe fere- of it not a ; n .up mnstimenev. “I 


? nt ■ Jr e A »5nrZ • debates in the constituency. "I 

happy picture for the Affiance. ^ conservatives are 

But Dr David Owen, the pretty frit in this by-election" 
party 'leader, was quick ’ to he said, stealing a phrase from 


iUC ji/i ufiuiw, — r — j ■ • , - | , 

talking to 18 per cent of the. point out that the partys 
electorate, disclose that 16.5 canvass returns showed the 


per cent will definitely vote 
SDP, 21 percent will certainly 


uiu vooa iwwu* — * 

SDP support bad increased by 
about 6 per cent from its 19 


pretty frit in this by-election" 
he said, stealing a phrase from . 
the Prime Minister. 

1983 Centra! election: ft Stevens 
(O 18200: A 13^ll£D 

Rcndel (L/ATO 7.190: M^J CSrtroM 


(ECO) 277: R 

Owl U 302. 




Preparing for a 
life on the run 

From Richard Ford, Belfast 

The make-up artists and murders, bombings and explo- 
hairdressers will have been at sives charges connected with 
work providing a new disguise the Provisional lRA.’s winter 
for the elfin features of Provi- campaign in Britain in 1981. 
sional IRA terrorist suspect, MissGlenholmes, bom into 

Evelyn Glenholraes. 1 a family steeped in Republi- 

A wig raav have been canism,islikelytobeuioneof 
provided for her or her any number of “safe" houses 

r J _T I J.. 1 — . .4 1. Lni- lha Cn,i)h nmtri/lwl Kv 


Director ready to 


penned shoulder-length hair, 
dyed copper-brown, will have 


in the South provided by 
Provisional sympathizers. It 

• . nr :<i l. 


uyeu Lug|w-uiu"u, —— • - * — • — - -j zr , 

been cut and re-coloured and is likely that efforts will be 


re-styled. , .. • 

At a secret interview with Glenholmes with a new iden- 
two journalists 16 months ago tity and passport enabling her 

. . .. J £ I .. I ,La Damiklia if 


provide 


her hollowed free, bearing to leave 
signs of the anorexia nervosa necessary, 
from which she once suffered, Howeve 


leave the Republic if 
icessary. 

However, she has remained 


IIUUI Willi-11 JUU vuw 

was framed by short, blonde in the Republic since it be- 
curls. But copper-brown came known in November, 
seems to be the fashionable 1984, that warrants for her 
colour for Republicans on the extradition had been issued 


run from the British 
authorities. 

When Martin Galvin, pub- 


until her arrest earler this 
month. 

Born Mary Elizabeth Eve- 


licity director of the Provi- 'lyn Glenholmes. she now uses 
sional IRA's American front the Irish name Eibhlin. Since 
organization. Noraid, sur- being released from custody in 
faced in the Irish Republic the North in 1983 she has been 

r. „ .1U M 1 i- - _ • 


./ ByPeterEf^ifi mJirm "‘vi-r*. • 

Sir Thomas Hetherington St Tbooyfr 
QQ Director of PtibBc Prose- him *_***%£ 
entires is used to controversy. uKrodacefr ■ gw r 
The latest storm, over the 

legal blonder which freed Ere- mart _ a. j ba*-. hu . yffl 1 -•§ . 
lyn Gtenhohnes, is tar from seoefave diyartmart: y 
the first, though itis possibly 
the most serious. __ 

Only in November, Mr Bit 
an Sedgemore, tiie Laboor MP >ho«rejw ^ 

for HacksseySostia and Shore- M 

dlhS^to^MfchadHavm 
QC, the Attorney . General, 
there was a desperate need for dhp ^jy , - tho^ 1 
the DPP to put his hbose m foRcodlyi his 

him." The power to sadk » Comrarttee^on Home AfUiis, 
DPP lies -with tiie- Attoniey rt hmhd.i shiff 
GeneraL fat if it ever came to ion in the CrovexnmotL mvi- 
removal from Crown servkeas oosly ft had 
welL that would have to be law officers should be ootside 
done by the head of the Civil the ammuttee’s remit 
Services Then and tfcrengboot his 


after appearing at an illegal Jiving in the South. 

rafiy in Belfett in 1984 . his Miss : Glenholmes was 

hair had been badly shorn and with being a member. 

’ri.nfc/.iniP* of the women’s branch of the 
When Miss Glenholmes, ira in 1983. But 

aged *9, shewas released and the 

Andersonstown, west Belfast, charges dropped when an 
was finally drtyen from the informer retracted his 

MNiirv m niihlin aq a tree ■ . 


' : % 







court in Dublin as a free 
woman, she and . the Provi- 
sional IRA supporters sur-' 
rounding her knew that ahead 
of her lay a lifetime on the ran. 


evidence.' 

After being tipped off in 
November, 1 984, that the Brit-' 
ish were seeking her extradi- 


mm* 


“SB5aSvwa = tion she disappeared but was 
cease attempts to extradite her eventually traced to a housing 
from Ireland! or any other estate in Tallaght. southDub- 
country in the world, to &ce lin, where she was arrested 
trial for three alleged terrorist this month. 



Sir -Thomas Hetherim 
who is nsed to troubl 


Then and dnoagboat This 
stay in office he has stock to 
two iiwtn principles on which 
he bases tiie decisioirto prose- 
cute. “ We have to be satisfied 
that there is a reasonable 
prospect of a conviction". 

Sir Thomas, aged 59, has 
not only argued about issues 
arising- in the -day to day 
nmningteThlsiOb, which pays 
260,000 a year, but ^hasjofcad 
hi debate about subjects which 
conld affect his office. 

Fnmd trials are an exmiqile. 
In an interview with The Times 
Sir Thomas said complicated 
fraud eases before juries could 
be streamlined fa creating a 
group of specialist judges. 


an consortium of aitous 
hdustiie m which the United 

Kifagd<n° Iuk a 20 per tent 

share. ;7 *7 

A memorandum O under- 
standing sigoed in 1 London by . 
Boeing and Shorts could give 
the Bclfrst company a consid- 
erable slice of the worit on tite 
airframe- 

Shorts already makes rud- 
ders for the Boong 737,=wing 
flap assemblies for the757and 
bwfing gEar doorsfor the 747, 
and with the additional wenk, 
the foial valpe of Boeing 
contracts 4n Belfest could rise 
to 'OBO^ ^rnfflion fa the end of 
tbecentety*’ 1 '. : : 

; Shorts’ cfaairmah, : Sg Phffip 
Foranan, said the deal with 
Boeing gave his company “a 
tkfcermto tbe^21st century", 
and was potentially the -most 
significant it bad struck with 
Boring.- ; . 

# British Aerospacehas Won a 
£3i0 miffion .order from tiie 
Ministry of Defence for an 
advmtced . version of the Rapi- 
er anti-aircraft missile system. 

Future Rapier units will be 
fitted with infra-red trackers 
for tt feht use and improve- 
Tnenis have been made in the 
system^ ability to avoid jam- 
ming fa enemy signals. 


face huge 


By Mfidtod Baily 

. A massive cut; in Britain's 
corpsnfseapilotiLts expected 
from next year, after goyern- 
mqai.fcgjsliikw in 

ihe Gommons yesterday by 


tfStafc for Transport. 7 „ 
a ffiird of the 1,400 
jpUotxareexportedfo go in the 
^iaite-up for nearly a 
jentnry, “witii big bronomies 
for the ports and shipinng 
industries. - • - 

. Trinitr House, responsible 
npnntil.now'fbr about a third 
or Britain’s pilotage services. 

. will be cut down to an agency 
for those ports thai wisb to use 

lL Eaming £10,000 to £4a000 
a year, and enjoying full job 
protection,' although self-em- 
ployed, the pilots have posed a 
tricky problem for die Gov- 
ernment. Arguments, 'have 
raged for years on bow to trim 
the service to match a. 25 per 
cent cut in shipping. through 
Britain's ports during the past 
decade^'.. ' 

Pressure, on' the -Govem- 
inent to finance redundancies 
has been firmly resisted by Mr 
Ridley. Instead early retire- 
ment with pensions up to 
£10;000 tomOOO ayearat55 
wdll be financed by -the pilots 
pension fond, and a lumpsum 
payment of up to £60,000 roll 
be funded by the port authori- 
ties which will take over 
responsibility for pilotage in 
ihefoture. , . •. j ~ 


Workers rush for shipyard shares QC <»fis 

_ _ _ froiiri fn< 


Almost ihrefrquarters of the 
workforce at the 
ram mal l Lai id shipyard on 
Merseyside, are thought to 
have taken up the offer to buy 
shares in the company. 

The response has exceeded 


o-i pilili iflUUIl UlVWivw — “ I lie UIU LAIA.WVU 

attack on a van delivering The even the most optimistic 
Sun and The Times in soath- expectations. 


east London were each fined 
£500 yesterday at Camberwell 
magistrates’ court. 

Each was ordered to pay 

£200 compensation for dam- 
age caused, and one was fined 


Applications for shares in 
the newly-privatized VSEL 
consortium - formed by 
Cammell Laird and Vickers at 
Barrow - closed at midday 


Bv Peter Davennort 

However, Cam meU Laird 
suggested yesterday that more 
than 70 per centof the 1,350 
workers had applied for 
shares.. 

The success of the share 
sales marks a turnaround in 
the fortunes of Cammell- 
Laird, which in 1984 had to 
shed more than 2,000 workers 
and had an empty .order book. 

The yard is at present 


the 1990s and provide pp to 
500newjobsl 

• Swan Hunter, the newly- 
privatized shipbuilding com- 
pany, “feces destruction” if a 
£240 million Ministry of De- 
fence contract is placed with 


QG calls for 
fraud trials 
without jury 

By Frances Gibb 
" -Legal Aflhirs . 
Correspondent . ; - 

Mr Louis Blom-Cooper, 


1VUW WUMOKii M . JVlr LlOtUS JJlUIIrV. 

the State-owned Hariand and theeminem QC last 
Wolff, yard, MPs were- told broke ranks with the res 


yesterday. 

The company sent letters to. 
40 MPs with defence interests. 


t interests. 


age caused, and one was feed yesterday.Lloyds Merchant 
a further £120 and disqualified Bank expects to make an 
for a year for timing with announcement on the uptake 
excess stlcohoL tomorrow. 


illb J IUU » inwvuh TV 

building a frigate, HMS stating that they are “fighting 
Campbelltown, and has won for our lives" in an attempt io 
an order from the Ministry of stop the order for two auxilia- 
Defence for three convention- ry oil replenishment ships 
al submarines which will se- (AORs) being placed with 
cure tiie future of the yard into Hariand and Wolff : 


Tragedy as tree falls on school 


Continued from page 1 Every train in the London- to dear railway lines in Cum- The police station at. Bar- Stobff Between me momouai 

time in its 19-year history Midland region was delayed in bria and southern Scotland, nard Castle, County Durham, and the state* fatoldAlliance 

causing chaos as traffic was the morning as broken cables “It is our worst day for 20 provided emergency rations lawyers m.l^ndpn. 7-7. 

rerouted on a 90-mile detour and fallen trees disrupted rail years", a Midland Region for a number of motorists who Lna second contioyeraal 

through Gloucester. Accidents traffic. The power was spokesman said. were stranded as snow cut nff Statement, ■ Mr - Blom-Cooper 


to dear railway lines in Cum- 


broke ranks with the rest bf^is 

g pfessiem atd cank dewii in 
vour of abolishing Juries in 
complex fraud trials as recom- 
mended in -the Roskill report 
oh fraud. ; ■ 

. He said that jury^ triah was 
not . sacrosanct - and must be 
“snfaeried -to the process of 

reasoned debate".. 

W here ‘ case's ", have 
“political" overtones, there 
was a- case “that the legal 
institution be. designed to 
stand between tife individual 
and the state*" betohi Alliance 


contest lead, 

. British players are doing 
well in the’ GLC-Chess- Chal- 
lenge at the Great ^Eastern; 
Hotel (Harry. ’’ Golombek 
writesy. - . . .7 

After . 10 - rounds,' Gfemi 
Flisar, the Leicester^ interna- 
tional master who haswon fa 
adjourned game from round J . 
against Spedman, leads with 
Murray : Chandler,' anotte’ 
British; grandmaster, .. -at. r 
points: ‘ 

Next is Nigel Short; aged 20. 
who is a candidate for the next 
WorfoChampionshipcycie. 

. Short beat Jonathan Mestft 
tiie Cambridge ' mathenati- 
dan, in their round 10 
aiKl^canw.out -a -hatf. 
behind the . leaders with :o'A- 
Flear reqoues only balfa point 
out . of hfe 

'games .to., acquire his first: 
grahdmaster nonn.. . 


Simpson (Piccadilly) Ltd., 203 Piccadilly. 

London W1A 2AS. Telephone: (07) 734 2002 Ext 381. 

Opcr •Jtjih/ 9.00 cm to f JO pm. Thurssii/s 9.00 mi H 7 00 pm. urCN<o 


through Gloucester. Accidents traffic. The power was 
and long tailbacks were re- switched off on the main line 
ported on motorways and near Milton Keynes as a 
roads over much of the precaution after a cable broke, 
country. Passengers on a Euston-Bir- 

ln Newport docks. Gwent, a mingham express and two 
cargo ship tore from its moor- local trains were tranferred to 
ings and careered into a crane, buses as engineers worked to 
sending it crashing through restore the fines and shift the 
the roof of a banana ware- trains, 
bouse. No one was injured. Snowploughs were sent out 


spokesman said. 

Many thousands of homes 
were without electricity for 
part of the day as the gales or 
snow brought down power 
lines. About 75,000 people in 
the Barrow-in-Furness area 
were urged to boil- dritiking 
water, after a power cut 


tvi a UUUllAt Vt UlULUUMd nuu W Tn ■■ • 

were stranded as snow cut oflf 

the town and left it . without * .case , JO 

eiectriritv : -consider a , natiouai .poace 

; ‘ force and Cafle^ fcu lha.Affi- 

Charinel crossings and ferry ance to<»mmkit^f fosepiiig 
services to the lsles bf Wight up a royal c^imnis^frt tai the 

■ • l-.ji.-. . - • i umfitii a. war'-Bf-rarf 


Otari -jr.Tiear. .7: Snort. 
Nunn. Portlsch. . Su 


, Contrary to aritference to 
Times Of March 10, toe Cny.ot 
London Corporation iS anT®' 
defandrafly-etectad ;,.antoomy 
fraSof soy poUtcial parti«. - 


and Man were tedlydisriipied 
by storms and- smaller, riiips 
took refuge In - southern .ans 


pofroe withm. V: y«ait' : p? "mr 
etectiom -'-li -7 - 7-7 ' ' • 


waivt (uki a puwy uu iwn u« ouuuimu ,aip. 

knocked out the local water western ports after' repeated. 

gala' warnings. . 


chlorination plant 










) <a\x& 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


HOME NEWS 


Heidi Koseda inquiry 


Child’s death leads to 
improvements in 
NSPCC’s care services 


The case ofa three-year-old 
child who was starved to death 
m tier council home has 
prompted a big overhaul of 
child care services, the Na- 
tional Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Children 
said yesterday. 

Dr Alan Gilmour, the direc- 
tor of the NSPCC, outlined 
the impr ovements at a press 
conference after an indepen- 
dent inquiry sharply criticized 
the society and held it partly 
responsible for the child’s 


responsible for the child’s 
-death. 

The inquiry was ordered 
after police discovered the 
emaciated body of Heidi 
Koseda in a squalid flat in 
Hillingdon, west London, on 
January 23 last year. She had 
been dead for several weeks, 
and there was evidence that 
she had eaten tissue paper to 
. try to survives 

Nicholas- Price, aged 26, 
who had been living with 
Heidi’s mother, was later 
jailed for life for her murder. 
Her mother. Mis Rosemary 
Koseda,.aged 28, was commit- ‘ 
ted to a mental hospital after 
pleading guilty to manslaugh- 
ter on the grounds of dimin- 
ished responsibility. 

The-' inquiry found that a 
neighbour had alerted the 
NSPCC about possible ill- 
treatment of Heidi the previ- 
ous September. But the officer 
concerned did not properly 
investigate the case and then 
lied about visiting the child. 
He finally recommended that 
no further action be taken. 

. "We are in no doubt that 
the Septenber-Oclober peri- 
od, when Heidi was still alive, 
was critical for her and that 
had the NSPCC’s officers 
responded as required it » 
likely that her situation would 
have become known' and her 


By Gavin Bed 

life saved", the report said. 

The inquiry, led by Dr 
Margaret Yelloly. of 
Goldsmiths' College, London, 
also found that staff supervi- 
sion within the society was 
inadequate to detect the series 
of errors and deceptions. 

“The' provision of service 
by the society fell far below 
the standard Che society itself 
expects in a number of re- 
spects. over and above the 
errors of the particular investi- 
gating officer in this case" it 
said. 

In a list of 35 recommenda- 
tions to prevent a recurrence 
of the tragedy, tbe report 
welcomed NSPCC moves to 
improve the supervision and 
management of future cases. 

But h asked the society to 
have urgent talks with local 



Heidi Koseda, who may have 
eaten paper tissue trying to 
survive . 

authorities in Hfllingdon to 
better coordinate their child 
care services. 

Dr Gthnonr said the 
NSPCC welcomed the report, 
accepted its findings and had 
already initiated action on all 
its recommendations. 

“Without the failure on our 
part. Heidi might still be alive. 


We accept responsibility”, he 
said. 

■ Dr Gilmour said the society 
had created 29 child protec- 
tion teams, incorporating in- 
spectors, special units and day 
centres, and plan to have 60 in 
operation by the end of 1988. 

- It was also establishing an 
internal audit system to be 
headed by a senior executive 
reporting to tbe director. Two 
posts had been created to 
review administration and 
monitor fieldwork services, 
and a third would be estab- 
lished to deal exclusively with 
London. 

Additional resources had 
been allocated to staff train- 
ing, and all staff bad been 
firmly reminded to follow the 
society's directives and to 
report immediately to their 
managers any circumstances 
in which they could not do so. 
Discussions had already be- 
gun with Hillingdon local 
authority about setting up a. 
child protection team. 

The various improvements, 
including increasing the num- 
ber of social workers in tbe 
field, involved a 26 per cent 
rise in spending this year, he 
said. 

Dr Gilmour added that the 
officer cited by the report had 
been dismissed for profession- 
al misconduct, and another 
officer had resigned after dis- 
ciplinary action against him. 

In a recent commentary in 
the NSPCC newspaper, the 
Child's Guardian, Dr Gilmour 
expressed the need for dose 
cooperation with other child 
care services. 

The inquiry largely exoner- 
ated the other services in- 
volved in the affair, but 
pointed to apparent deficien- 
cies in the law governing such 
cases 


Father ‘shook son to death’ 


A boy aged four months 
began screaming during a bath 
and was shaken to death by his 
father, the Central Criminal 
Court was told yesterday. 

He stopped breathing and 
-was taken to hospital by 
ambulance but doctors lost a 
fight for the child’s life: 

Paul Fitzpatrick, aged . 19, 
unemployed, of HoQydale 
; Road, Pecfchaxn. soutb-edst 
London, pkadedj^j. guilty to 
the mantiaughler of his son, 
Dean Hussein, on March" 24 
last year. 

Mr Timothy Cassel for the 
prosecution, mid the baby was 
taken to hospital after a 
shaking incident and was sent 
home. 

Two days later the child 
suffered the fatal injuries and 

‘Satanist 
asked me 
for girls’ 

A prostitute yesterday said 
Derry Mainwanng Knight, the 
self-styled satanist, asked her 
-to provide schoolgirls to have 
’sexual relations with him. 

• Lorraine Haynes told Maid- 
stone Crown Court that she 
:refused, bat found seven pros- 
titutes and other girls for Mr 
Knight. 

He paid her more than 
£4,000, she said. 

Miss Haynes, of Shoe- 
buryness, Essex, was giving 
evidence at the start of the 
sixth week of the trial 

She admitted she worked as 
a prostitute in Southend. 

Mr- Knight bad made no 
mention of religion or any- 
ihing to do with witchcraft, 
black magic or saianism dur- 
ing their relationship, she said. 

; Mr Knight, aged 46. an 
unemployed painter and deco- 
rator. of Dormans Land, Sur- 
rey. denies 19 ebaras of 
obtaining more than £ 200*000 
by deception from Christians 
claiming he needed the money 
to buy satanic rega l ia to free 
himself from the control of the 
devil 

Dei Sgt Brian Smeed totd 
the cotin that Mr Knight told 
him he had received psychiat- 
ric treatment while in the 
Army, when he interviewed 
him after his arrest. 

The trial continues today. 


died from brain haemorrhage. 

Mr Fitzpatrick told police 
that the boy's mother, Sarah, 
aged 19, was bathing him but 
he kept felling asleep. 

He allegedly said: “I had 
him on my knee mid was 
bouncing him up and down, 
but he stiH kept felling asleep. 
Then he started screaming, X 
kept shaking him and his eyes 
went funny. I did not mean to 
harm him.” 

-The trial continues today. 

• A father whose son's skull 
was shattered "like an 
eggshell" was sentenced to two 
years' imprisonment 
yesterday. 

Adrian Cooke, aged 24, was 
told by Judge Charles Mantell 
at Bodmin Crown Court: “It is 

Rail fears 
over coal 
ambushes 

From Tim Jones 
Cardiff 

Gangs who have ambushed 
coal trams in the South Wales 
valleys were warned yesterday 
that their tactics could lead to 
a catastrophe. 

Two trains, each carrying 
more than £30,000 of coal, 
have been forced to stop by 
professional thieves blocking 
the line. 

The thieves then went to the 
wagons and dumped tbe coal 
beside the track so that accom- 
plices could take it away in 
lorries. . 

More than £5,000 pf coal 

was stolen in the two raids and 

police believe it is being 
offered to- householders 
cheaply. 

. The gang got away with 
about 15 tons of coal valued 
at £160 a ton on each raid. 
British Transport police do 
not know how long they took 
to load the coal into their 
vans. 

Chief Insp Stephen Chap- 
man, divisional commander 
of the British Transport Po- 
lice, said: “This is an orga- 
nized, dangerous and c rimin al 
operation.” 

Railway officials are wor- 
ried that the trains, which 
weigh up to 750 tons, could 
career off the fine and cause 
wi descale damage or death. 


Pilfering of baggage at 
Heathrow ‘a disgrace’ 


Pilfering of passer«ers’ bagr 
gag e at London's Heathrow 
Airport is becomings national 
disgrace and judges who sen- 
tence thieving baggage. han- 
dlers should have in miad a 
three- vear prison term. Lord 
Justice Waikms said in the 
Court of Appeal yesterday. 

But the judge allowed sen- 
tence appeals by 15 baggage 
handlers who had admitted 
either theft or attempted theft 
when . they appeared before 
Aylesbury Crown Court on 
January 10. , L 

Their sentences of between 
three and four years were ein 
to 30 months by the Court of 
Appeal Lord JustK* Watkins 
said that because they hud ail 


pleaded guilty that should 
have merited reductions in all 

□aifMti Road. FeltBam. M l anlw rt. 
JSSSuv recB*v«l a four-year sen- 
_fw four 

landau, and Henry Lawwwu yJ 
rtKHHrUdU Avenue. NwlfiML w«Sl 

London- „ 

12 * gd fnr 


.Road 


surreyrftwwid Hants™, astd «?. ot 

*GSiB£5Qb . 

Road. souuSh: and Ron* 
SuBr^aoidAV; of cuKTVBie Road. 

each nweivocl 

ihreMWtf ftnwce 


a mercy that more harm was 
not done.” 

The judge added: “I am 
sorry for you, but the maxi- 
mum sentence is two years 
and I take the view that the 
circumstances of this case are 
serious enough for the imposi- 
tion of that sentence.” 

Cooke; unemployed, and 
his wife Dawn, aged 19, ofSt 
Keverne, Cornwall had both 
denied wilfully ill-treating 
their son, Daniel who had six 
fractures to his arms, legs, ribs 
and skull in the first six 
months of his life. 

Dawn Cooke was also found 
guilty and she collapsed sob- 
bing in the dock when the 
verdict was announced. 

Sentence on her was post- 
poned for social inquiry 
reports. 

‘Aids risk’ 
in surgery 
rnbbish 

Children were exposed to a 
“clinical cocktail of risk” in- 
cluding hepatitis and Aids 
:froro waste materials strewn 
outride a Bradford doctors* 

| surgery, city magistrates were 
told yesterday. 

A girt aged five had gone 
| home crying after pricking her 
finger on a hypodermic needle 
and a boy aged three had 
found a tablet be thought was 
a sweet, days before a com- 
j plaint was made to the local 
j Department of Environmen- 
! tal Health, Mr Michael 
Wflcock, for the prosecution 
and on behalf of the Health 
and Safety Executive, said. 

: Two Bradford doctors were 
fined £500 each and ordered 
to pay £49 costs after admit- 
ting railing to ensure the safety 
of tbe public from waste 
material at their s u rg e ry is 
Oak Lane, Bradford. 

They were Naeemuflah Mir, 
of Malvern Grove, and Syed 
Muhammad Intiaz, of Box 
Tree Gose, Bradford. 

Mr Bob Stewart the 
doctors’ solicitor, said that 
they bad left the waste in 
plastic bags outside their 

S ises and it was not their 
that it was later strewn 
abouL 

‘Aids’ woman spat 
court is told 

Mr Michael McConnachie, 
aged 30, a store detective, told 
Edinburgh Sheriff Court yes- 
terday that a woman who 
claimed to have Aids spat in 
his face after he detained her 
for allegedly stealing a purse 
on Febniary 27. 

Rachel Townsley, aged 24, 
of Buchanan Street, Edin- 
burgh. pleaded not guilty to 

"recklessly spitting on the 
store detective knowing she 
was a carrier of both tbe Aids 
and Hepatitis B viruses, and 
knowing that they were trans- 
ferred by body fluids.” . 

Mr McConnachie said that 
he went to Edinburgh’s City 
Hospital for bktod tests after 
the incident 

The hearing continues. 



Raiders bind 
and rob pools 
millionaire 

By Peter Davenport 

Two masked raiders bound 
and gagged Sir John Moores, 
the multi-millionaire founder 
of the Littlewoods pools and 
mail order empire, in his 
home. 

Two men, armed with iron 
bars, broke into Sir John's 
£250,000 home, in Fresh- 
fields, Formby. Merseyside, 
on Sunday evening. 

They smashed windows at 
the rear of tbe house and 
surprised Sir John's house- 
keeper, Mrs Pat Lewis, and 
her husband, Alt 
The men failed to open a 
safe and escaped with cash 
from Mr Lewis’s wallet and 
some contents of the house. 

Sir John, aged 90, widower, 
was resting at home yesterday. 


Loan sharks warning 
on benefit claimants 


By Robin Young 


Government proposals to 
offer interest-free loans to 
families living on supplemen- 
tary benefit could drive them 
into the hands of loan sharks, 
the Family Policy Studies 
Centre said yesterday. 

The introduction of loans is 
one aspect of the 
Government's proposals for a 
social fund contained in the 
Social Security Bill The loans 
would replace many of the 
grants received by supplemen- 
tary benefit claimants. 

The centre's report says that 
half the supplementary benefit 
families with children are in 
debt and unlikely to be able to 
service an additional loan. 

Existing benefit levels are so 
low that many families with 
children cannot afford clothes. 


Replacing grants with loans 
would mean that (ow-income 
families had to pay for more 
out of their basic benefit, and 
the increase in benefit by 
£1.40 a week would not com- 
pensate for the £3 a week in 
benefits now received on aver- 
age in grants. 

The report says that one in 
three families with children on 
supplementary benefit re- 
ceives two thirds of the exist- 
ing single payment grants. If 
those were converted into . 
interest-free loans, the social 
fond would be able to enforce 
repayments by direct deduc- 
tion from social security bene- 
fits. 

The Social Fuad: a Briefing, 
(Family Policy Studies Centre. 
231. Baker Street. London NWI 
6XE, £1.50). 


Pack to help 
computer 
registration 

The Data Protection Regis- 
trar is concerned about the few 
companies which have regis- 
tered their computer systems 
as the law demands. 

ft is seeking the help of 
lawyers and accountants in 
public practice. 

Through their professional 
associations, they will receive 
a special instruction pack to 
help them advise their clients 
of the legal penalties they risk 
paying if they do not register. 

From May 10 all com- 
panies/operators which have 
personal information on com- 
puter files must register. Fail- 
ure to do so is a criminal 
offence under the new Data 
Protection Act 
The registrar will distribute 
26.000 new packs by the end 
of the month. 









Crowds milling round Eros whose ravening in London's Piccadilly Circus was brought forward by howling winds. Mr Ken 
Livingstone, the Greater Loudon Council leader had p fanned to unveil it after a £200,000 restoration, but workmen beat him 
Co it on safety grounds and the wraps came off 45 minutes before the official ceremony to reveal Eros's new bow and his 
repaired ankle and knee. The statue now stands on a new pedestrian piazza (Photograph: Dod Miffer) 


Research 
plea on 
hereditary 
handicap 

By Thomson Prentice 
Science Corre s po nd ent 

Research into eariy-stage 
human embryos should be 
legalized to help to prevent 
hereditary handicap, accord- 
ing to a discussion paper 
published today. 

A law banning such research 
would be a "disaster” to many 
thousands of couples at risk of 
giving birth to a handicapped 
child and to those having 
difficulty in conceiving. 

The research was “morally 
and ethically just", tbe au- 
thors, Mr Peter Thumham, 
MP. and his wife. Sarah, said. 

More than 14,000 infants in 
England and Wales were vol- 
untarily registered as congeni- 
tally malformed within one 
week of birth in 1984, and 
about half of the annual 
250,000 miscarriages before 
three months of pregnancy 
were due to chromosomal 
abnormalities in the embryo, 
they said. 

Research into embryos less 
than 14 days old, known as 
pre-embryos, before they are 
implanted in the mother’s 
womb could be the best hope 
for couples knows tobeal risk 
of passing on an inherited 
disorder. 

The perfection of such diag- 
nostic techniques could be 
achieved within three years, 
according to the most optimis- 
tic forecasts by doctors. 

Mr Thumham. Conserva- 
tive MP for Bolton North- 
East, and his wife have four 
children of their own and have 
adopted a multiple handi- 
capped boy. They are founder 
members of Progress, a cam- 
paigning group which sup- 
ports controlled research into 
human reproduction, infertil- 
ity and congenital handicap 
Their pamphlet. When Na- 
ture Fails — Why Handicap, 
has been published tar the 
Conservative Political Centre 
in Smith Square, London, but 
is not a party policy doc- 
ument It recommends that 
pre-14 day embryos should be 
given special legal status, and 
that any research should be 
strictly regulated by licence. 

It urges the Government to 
bring in legislation along the 
lines set out in tbe Warwick 
report 


NYd 

WILL 


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4 


HOME NEWS 





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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


PARLIAMENT MARCH 24 1986 


Glenholmes case 


Employment 


y and A flood 


Lessons to be learnt from 
extradition failure 


DUBLIN CASE 


icadons are this (Monday) 
le for the 


It was deeply disappointing that 
it had not so far proved possible 
to obtain the extradition from 
the Republic of Ireland of Miss 
Evelyn Glenholmes to face jus- 
tice in a British court, Mr 
Douglas Hard, the Home Sec- 
retary. said in a statement to the 
Commons. It was a regrettable 
failure: and he told MPa it was 
essential that they all feaml the 
right lessons for the future from 
this failure. 

The case, in which a Dublin 
court ruled that warrants for the 
extradition of Miss Glenholmes 
were invalid because of a legal 
technicality, was described by 
Mr Gerald Kaufman, chin 
Opposffon spokesman on home 
affairs, as “a batch ed-up job” 
and he went on to call for a full 
inquiry. During (he exchanges. 
Mr Hurd said there was no* 
criticism to offer of the Irish 
Government or its agencies, 
including the Garda. 

Mr Hard said: Nine endorsed 
warrants for the return of Miss 
Glenholmes were first issued on 
October 31. 1984 and submined 
to the Irish authorities for 
endorsement in accordance with 
the UK-lrish extradition 
legislation. 

The offences covered by the 
warrants related to various ter- 
rorist offences committed be- 
tween 1981 and 1982. including 
murder, attempted murder, fire- 
arms and explosives offences. 

The original warrants were 
returned by the Irish authorities, 
who asked for some technical 
changes to be made to their 
wording. Fresh warrants were 
accordingly submitted on 
November 6. 1984, but by that 
time details of the extradition 
request had been disclosed in 
the press and Miss Glenholmes 
disappeared from view. 

She was later arrest in Dublin 
on March 12. 1986. and the 
hearing of the extradition re- 
quest opened in the District 
Court of Dublin last Wednesday 
on the basis of the warrants 
issued in November. 1984. 

. Throughout last week's court 
hearing there was close coopera- 
tion between the Irish prosecut- 
ing authorities and officers from 
the Metropolitan Police and the 
office of the Director of Public 
Prosecutions. 

On Saturday morning, having 
heard submissions from defence 
counsel that the extradition 
warrants were defective, the 
court discharged Miss 
Glenholmes. 

1 understand that the prin- 
cipal consideration which 
underlay the court's decision 
was that, whereas the standard 
wording printed on the warrants 
referred to information pn oath 
as having been laid on the day 
the warrants were issued, which 
was November 6. 1984," the 
court considered that the Tele- 
van* information was that laid 
when the original warrants had 
been issued on October 31, 
1984. 

I understand that the mag- 
istrate in London treated the 
further application on Novem- 
ber 6 as having been made 
under oath adopting the 
information already laid but not 
reswom. So the information 
required for both sets of war- 
rants was identical, but was not 
sworn again on November 6. 
which could have avoided the 
difficulty which later arose. 

Even before Miss Glenholmes 
was released, the United King- 
dom authorities had made 
arrangements for the issue of a 
fresh warrant covering one of 
the charges of murder. On the 
basis of this fresh warrant, the 
Garda obtained a new pro- 
visional warrant for the arrest of 
Glenholmes. Once she was 
re-arrested, she was brought 
back to the District Court. 

I understand that Miss 
Glenholmes was then released, 
this time on the grounds that the 
court was not satisfied in spite of 
a telephone call from New 
Scotland Yard to the Garda that 
there was evidence that a fresh 
warrant had been issued in 
London that morning or that 
Miss Glenholmes had in effect 
been at liberty between her 
earlier release and her re-arrest. 

Following the second release 
of Miss Glenholmes. the fresh 
■warrant was sent to Dublin this 
'(Monday) morning. Earlier to- 
day additional warrants were 
sent covering the eight remain- 
ing charges. In addition. 


being made 
i«ne of three further warrants in 
Oxfordshire and these will be 
forwarded to the authorities in 
Dublin as soon as they have 
been granted. 

The Attorney General (Sir 
Michael Havers) and I have 
looked carefully at the informa- 
tion so far available to us. On 
the basis of that information it is 
dear that the extradition 
application failed because of a 
technical objection taken by the 
Dublin court. 

The Attorney General and I 
regret that this technical 
objection was not foreseen in 
time a nd fresh warrants ob- 
tained. We are considering ur- 
gently the need for a review of 
procedures and the handling of 
this sort of case. The Attorney 
General has instructed the 
Directors of Public Prosecutions 
for England and Wales, and for 
Northern Ireland, to ensure 
personally that all outstanding 
warrants in respect of terrorist 
offences are checked at once for 
accuracy and sufficiency. 

Under the auspices of the 
Inter-Governmental Con- 
ference work has already begun 
on a range of kgal matters 
relating to extradition and the 
lessons of the past few days will 
be studied in that context. 

For the sake of completeness, 
our inquiries have shown that in 
giving evidence to the court in 
Dublin an officer from the 
Metropolitan Police made an 
error in referring to the dates on 
which the warrants were issued. 

I understand that he sought to 
correct this error, but that an 
opportunity for him to do so 
was not forthcoming. This does 
not however, appear to have 
influenced the court in its- 
decision to release Miss 
Glenholmes. 


Mr Gerald chief 

Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, said that through- 
out this lamentable episode the 
Irish authorities had behaved 
with complete propriety and the 
Irish Government had fulfilled 
all its obligations. 

It had been said that Miss 
Glenholmes was Scotland 
Yard's most wanted terrorist 
suspect In the light of the fact 
that the extradition cases 
involving Brendan Bums had 
failed through evidence relevant 
to warrants and that one of two 
prior sets prepared for Miss 
Glenholmes was faulty, why 



go 


Kaaftnan: Fullest inquiry 
most be held 

were warrants allowed to 
forward without being meticu- 
lously checked? Why during the 
18 months were they not re- 
checked for accuracy? 

Mr Hurd had said they were 
originally checked, found want- 
ing and corrected. But he had 
not pointed out that new ones, 
allegedly corrected, were also 
faulty*. Why were they not 
cleared in advance for accuracy 
and technical probity with the 
Irish legal authorities? 

Who was in charge of this 
process in the Director of Public 
Prosecution's office? (Labour 
cheers). 

Did Mr Hurd know this had 


been dealt with a junior level? 
Was it true that other warrants 


on other matters relevant to 
Ireland were also found to be 
defective? Was Mr Hurd sure 
that the new warrants in respect 
of Miss Glenholmes were in 
order? (Labour laughter). 

The Irish Minister of Justice. 
Mr Dukes, bad said on Sunday 
that after the court adjourned in 
Dublin on Friday, further 
information and clarification 
had been sought from British 
authorities at that stage, but 
none had been forthcoming. 
What was the explanation for 
that serious lapse? 

Why did an official from the 
Director of Public Prosecutions' 


office go to Dublin? What was 

the purpose of the telephone call 

referred to by the Home Sec- 
retary to Dublin from the 
Metropolitan Police? Whai 
would have been the response of 
a British court to such a call on a 
serious extradition case? 

Taking into account the im- 
portant and sensitive issues at 
stake, why did the Director of 
Public Prosecutions not ensure 
that either he or a high official 
supervised all stages of such 
proceedings? 

Why did the Attorney Gen- 
eral (hir Michael Havers) not 
take care to satisfy himself that 
the necessary procedures had 
been precisely observed? The 
Home Secretary’s remarks were 
not good enough. 

A full inquiry is essemiaL It is 
also essential (be went on) that 
those at the top accept 
responsibility. are 

disciplined...jfLabour 
cheers)— and. if necessary, re- 
moved from the offices they 
hold. (Renewed Labour cheers). 

This disquieting episode cre- 
ated serious difficulties for the 
Irish authorities in their 
determination to cooperate over 
the delicate issue of extradition. 
The scenes on television gave 
the Provisional IRA a great 
propaganda triumph. 

Slackness, incompetence and 
complacency brought about this 
discreditable botch-up. Ab- 
solute assurances were needed 
that steps would now betaken to 
ensure nothing like this could 
ever happen again. (Labour 
cheers). 

Mr Hard: We have no criticism 
of the co-operation we received 
in this matter from the Irish 
authorities. The difficulty on 
which this case foundered on 
Saturday was a technical 
difficulty. 

It was concerned with 
whether when the second and 
revised warrant was sotKbL The 
identical information which was 
laid when invoking the first 
warrant needed to be laid all 
over again under oath when 
seeking the revised warrant on 
the identical information from 
the same magistrate. 

Whatever view one takes of h, 
that is a technical point A great 
deal of trouble would have been 
avoided if that point had been 
foreseen and acred upon in the 
autumn of 1984. 

The second set of warrants — 
the ones which were held to be 
defective on Saturday — were 
shown to and given to the Irish 
authorities and no objection or 
criticism was raised on them, 
though it would not have been 
reasonable to expect the Irish 
authorities to have spotted the 
particular point on which the 
court in Dublin found the 
warrants to be defective on 
Saturday. 

1 am advised that it is 
perfectly normal in these 
circumstances for news of the 
issue of a fresh warrant to be 
conveyed either way by a tele- 
phone conversation between the 
police forces concerned. This 
has happened before. Jt is 
nonnaL It happened on this 
occasion, though it was not 
accepted by the court for the 
reasons I have given. 

I agree that it is dearly 
essential that we find ways, 
through the Anglo-Irish con- 
ference and other ways, for 
ensuring that these difficulties 
do not recur. 

Mr Ian Gow (Eastbourne, C): Is 
there not a high duty resting on 
the DPP in all cases of extra- 
dition warrants to ensure that 
those warrants are validly , and 
properly prepared? Is that duty 
not even greater when we are 
dealing with a matter of the 
gravest importance like terror- 
ism on a massive scale of which 
the person concerned is suspect? 

Is he able to assure the House 
that the warrants that were 
taken to Dublin this morning 
have been seen and approved by 
the appropriate legal authorities 
in Dublin and that be has 
received an assurance that the 
new warrants sent over today 
are in order? 

Mr Hard: ! agree with the first 
part of his point, ti is our 
responsibility to make sure that 
warrants of this kind are in a 
form which arms them against 
all such difficulties and criti- 
cism. whether substantial or of a 
technical kind. 

The new warrants and other 
warrants also mentioned which 
are being sent to Dublin today 
are identical with those pre- 
viously sent, with the crucial 


exception that the information 
concerned has been retaid be- 
fore the magistrate concerned. 
Mr Enoch Powell (South Down, 
OUPk Has it occurred to the 
Government that the incom- 
petence of those acting on its 
behalf in the matter of extra- 
dition might be exceeded by the 
incompetence of those who 
negotiated the Anglo-Irish 
agreement and advised the Gov- 
ernment to enter into it? 

Mr Honk I anticipated that be 
would raise that point I do not 
think he has proved its rele- 
vance to the matter we are 
discussing. 

Sir John Biggs-DrrfMa (Epping 
Forest, C): ti it not the case that 
the commendable and excep- 
tional exertions of the Garda 
have no connection with that 
agreement either? 

Mr Hard: We have no criticism 
of the Irish Government or its 
agencies, mdiwting the Garda, 
in this respect. 

The relevance of the agree- 
ment i$ that under one of its 
articles there are discussions 
going on to review these dif- 
ferent procedures. The lessons 
of this event Trill be relevant to 
those discussions. 

Mr Meriyn Rees (Leeds, South 
and Money. Lab): The purpose 
of statements in this House is so 
that we can question the min- 
ister responsible. The Home 
Secretary has no responsibility 
for extradition warrants and he 
has no responsibility for the 
DPP. We should be questioning 
the Attorney General- We win 
have to take the matter further. 
Mr Hard: This is a matter which 
concerned both the police and 
the prosecuting authorities in 
this co un try and therefore it was 
sensible tor me to make a 
statement today. He will have 
ample time for asking questions 



Free enterprise 
consumers will create 



THE BUDGET 


The Government's success in 
reducing the rate of inflation 
had- led some people to forget 


to outstrip those of Britain's The 5*ihe 

comneiitors. Industrv must con- factunog .industry iroaxine 

das. .Toot of Britain's etonOnuc ptob- 
Wo cannot (he aid) «P|^ lem^ ^ immn . of m 

■* was the 


our improving productivity and 

output performance to create the Budget. should 

enough new jobs until earnings reco^tUOO^m^y^^ 


—mm fwaip 


of the Attorney GeneraL 


Mr Ivan L a wr en ce (Burton, 
thinkable fora 


Q: It would be un 
British court not to have granted 


a reasonable adjournment when 
a technicality of this land arose. 


particularly (me which emerged 
during cross examination and 
which, it most be observed, the 
Irish authorities as well thought 


to be utterly 

ImL I do not want to get 


Mr Hard: 
drawn into that Those coo- 
cerned on our behalf did ask for 
an adjournment which the coart 
did not grant 

Mr AJex Cari3e (Montgomery, 
L): This was a sloppy, incom- 
petent professional operation. Is 
anybody going to take 
responsibility for tins shambles 
in the way they ought to? 

Mr Hard: The DPP is respon- 
sible for the conduct of that 
office and for the extent to 
which he delegates to senior 
advisers and officials. 

Mr Michael Mates: (East 
Hampshire. Ck Far from this 
being used as criticism of the 
Anglo-Irish agreement it is a 
reason for those involved to try 
harder to make certain that co- 
operation begun three months 
ago is more effective so this sort 
of incident wflj not be repealed. 

Mr Hard: I agree. 

Sir Eldon Griffiths (Bury St 
Edmunds, CY. There is a painful 
contrast between the detailed 
and careful and often dangerous 
work of the police service of the 
Irish Republic and the Metro- 
politan Police and the RUC in 
undertaking to obtain the 
information, sometimes at the 
risk of their lives, and the 
slipshod and careless way in 
winch that was dealt with within 
the DPP’s office. 

Who precisely was respon- 
sible in the DPP's office for 
wtahKdmw the sufficiency and 
accuracy of the warrants? What 
chance does he bold oat of 
bringing this most wanted per- 
son to justice in the near future? 

Mr Hardb It would not be 
right for me to give the names of i 
officials in that way. The struc- 
ture of responsibility is through 
the DPP. 


• Mr Ian Gow (Eastbourne,Q 
unsuccesfully sought an emer- 
gency debate on the failure of 
the Director of Public Prosecu- 
tions to secure the extradition 
from the Republic of Ireland of 
Evelyn Glenholmes. 

With the House about to rise 
for Easter, there was no 
opportunity, other than an 
emergency debate, to discuss 
these matters. 

The Speaker said the matter 
raised was not a pp ro p r i ate for 
discussion as a matter of emer- 
gency under the appropriate 
standing order. 


Mr Neman Tebbit, _ 
of the Duchy of Lancaster, said 
when opening the final day of 
debate u the Commons on the 
Budget proposals. 

Memories should not be so 
short he said: Not long .ago 
Britain was said to be drinking 

at the Last Chance Saloon. Now 

some people warned to dash 
back inside and call for another 

round. That was what those who 

wanted a little more inflation to 
create jobs were really advocat- 
ing. It would lead to another 
inflationary han g o v er. 

Mr James Caumban had said 
the national experience between 
1956 and I97dw»«*©fhigb 
inflation followed by higher 
unemploym en t. Mr Edward 
Heath bad aasd that unchecked 
inflatio n was a' threat to' 
everyone's s tan d ar d of IMaa. 

Too many c*h y»p-»-nnr * or the 
Exchequer tn the past had been 
p ywl m ln by 

caffs for imtam solutions. They 
had turned economic cycles into 
roller coaster rides wtricb left the 
stomach in the month. 

But Mr Nigel Lawson had 
built upon his success. There 
was no safe level of inflation. It 
was the job of Government, 
through sound monetary and 
fiscal policies, to ensure there 
was consistent downward pres- 
sure on inflation and room for 
growth in the economy. 

Jobs were not lost as soon as 
prices went up. Nor were they 
recreated quickly when prices 
were brought under control. 

How would the Shadow 
Chancellor of tire Exchequer 
(Mr Roy Hattersley) have re- 
acted to the loss of half the 
nation’s prospective oil rev- - 
enues if he had actually been in 
office? He would have over- 
reacted. P eople usually did un- 
der stress. (Conservative 
laughter). Mr Hattersley would 
have bad the extra stress of 
Labour's £24 billion public 
s pending program me, plus his 
self-denial of die pr oceeds of 


match those of our competitors, industry 
Thar did not mean waae cuts. It was a matter tor we ww 


That did not mean wage cuts. It was a mauer ju t 
Those in work could enjoy an community beaw i «»ewnow 


those in wore couiu. tayvy H u*. _n>. irrl 

improving level of earnings, as immunity af&cud 

they bad under this by the failure to invest. 
Govenunent. 


'Mr Tebbit’s record in fife 
although those pay matter of 

increases must be related to pus, since he bad dsmantted 
productivity and the com- out of 23 trauungbomw- •- 
petition, as taxes were cm and Tbcperc«ria^ii^^e for 

research and development oe- 

tweea 1979 and I9&3 bad been 



only 3 per cent in Brig* "ge 
it was 18 per cent m ft euma d 
States. 44 per cent in Germany. 
10 per cent in France, 45 per 
cent in Italy and 32 percent in 

Canada. ^ 

Britain was not oxtiy at the 
butlamen- 


pn vat Ira rum. 

Under this Government, 
prospects were for stable prices 
and low taxes, with people and 
.companies able to take de- 


cisions in free markets with lea 
intervention. It was free enter- 
and fine consumers, not 


pnse and tree 

Governments, that would con- 


tinue the process of creating 
jobs. (Labour laughter). 

The major obstacle to 
translating the productivity 
performance into new jobs was 
the tendency of unit labour costs 


Tebbit: No return to the 
Last Chance saloon 
inflation was reduced low pay ■ 
rises could still mean a sharply 
improving standard of Irving. 
Moderation in pay helped above 
all the unemployed to be priced 
back into work. 

This Budget, like hs prede- 
cessors. improved the climate 
for job creation, but neither it 
nor any Budget could guarantee 
that jobs would be created. 

Foolish pay increases, strikes, 
poor management, bad product 
design, indifferent after-sales 
support, obsolete technology — 
any one of these could destroy 
existing jobs or abort new ones. 

Mr John Smith, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on trade and 
industry, said the Labour and 
trade union movement had a 
genuine and warm appreciation 
for one achievement of Mr 
Tebbit's. 

That was the introduction of 
the political fund baffot. Every 
single union confirmed by 
large majorities the right to have 
a pniitiwil fund. Similar treat- 
ment should now be given to - 
those companies making dona- 
tions to the Conservative Party. 

The Chancellor was beginning 
to realize that their plan would 
not work, that Britain could not 
Hve on service industries and 
remittances from foreign invest- 
ments and did not have to worry 
about manufacturing industry. 


changed, the 

■country would lose toe whole 
technological base for its m- 
dustry, • Bud nor be bdic to 
develop new p ro d uc ts and new 
processes. If the Government 
gave for research and develop- 
ment and . for training what n 
was giving in the inter vivos gifts 
ptfrposaL it would be a useful 
start 

Investment was. not 
made re new products because 
Britain was tn the grip of 
monetary mania. 

Labour's proposal for. a. na- 
tional investment bank would 
ensure that tong-term invest- 
ment was sec ur ed .for British 
industry. • 

Three engines of recovery 
were needed: a proper invest- 
mesL policy for manufactn 
industry, a proper re sear ch 
development program me and a 
proper tramingpolicy. 

We are (be said) slipping staff 
three. 

. The Budget . was unfair 
between north and south* be- 
tween rich and poor.. It .was 
irrelevant to getting manufac- 
turing industry-find co mme rc e 
back where they belonged- ft 
was a matter , of s 
Government- 
Mr Leon Brittaa (Richmond, 


Ministers 
to inspect 
damage at 
V and A 


THE ARTS 


shame for this' 


Yorics. C) said he joined those 
who congratulated the Chan- 
cellor on com b ini ng in . the 
Budget a co nt i nu ing policy of 
sound finance and imag inati o n 
and ingenuity in his; 

It was because the 

in the burden of taxation were 
likely to have the desired kmg 
term structural effect that the 
Chancellor was right to spend 
abou t £100 million oa sp ecific 
employment measures.' " 



TOURISM 


A new deal for rural Wales, 
including a gram scheme worth 
£1 million over two years, was 
announced by Mr Nicholas 
Edwards, Secretary of State for 
Wales, during questions in the 
Commons. 

Asked about priority ac- 
corded to the rural areas of 
Wales, he said: The Welsh 
Development Agency's cor- 
porate plan confirms its 
commitment to the develop- 
ment of rural areas. 

I have recently dismissed with 
the agency and with Mid Wales 


Developments strengthening of 
their rural development pack- 
ages in cooperation with- the 
Wales Tourist Board. 

The grant' scheme to. be 
known as Drive - the Develop- 
ment of Rural Initiative. Ven- 
ture and Enterprise - was 
des ig ned, he said, to attract 
private sector Investment in 
services, tourism-, related, lei- 
sure and craft projects. 

It will be administered by die 
Welsh Development Agency 
and Mid Wales Development 
which will consult and coDabti- ■ 
rale with the Welsh Tourist 
Board on projects involving 
tourism. 

To stimulate local thinking 


about development .opportu- 
nities.; and to. provide fresh 
^ffiomeatum- rm. carrymg them 
ffirough. Mperarienfal Rural 
Enterprise. Groups are io' be 
established. ' ••••• 

Grants for converting^ rodu^ 
dant buildings will be expanded 
and loans to small firms m rural 
areas streamlined. The new 
scheme, together- with- existing 
schemes in rural Wales, is to be 
marketed in a coordinated way 
under the title - of Rural 
Enterprise: - 

Mr Keith Best (Ynys Mon, Q 
and Mr Robert Harvey (Clywd 
South West, Q said the scheme 


would. be\- warmly welcomed 
throughout rural Wales. 



NUCLEAR POWER 


The important thing about nu- 
clear power generation was not 
to get carried away by scare 
stones which had no basis in 
reality, Mr Mark Robinson. 
Under Secretary of State at the 
Welsh Office, said during ques- 
tions in the Commons. 

His remark came during ex- 
changes on bow regularly the 
Welsh Office monitors radio- 
active discharges from nuclear 
installations into the environ- 
ment in the Principality, after 
Sir Raymond Gower (Vale of 
Glamorgan. C). said toe nuclear 
power industry had a remark- 
able history of safety — better 
even than that of coaL 
Sir Raymond's remarks came 
after Mr Roy Hagbes, an Oppo- 


sition spokesman on Welsh 
affairs, had said the general 
public were increasingly con- 
cerned about the hazards posed 
by nuclear installations- 

There is a recognition in the 
Sevcmside area (he said) that it 
needs another nuclear power 
station there like a hole in the 
head. (Conservative protests} If 
the Central Electricity Generat- 
ing Board attempt to walk in the 
face of that feeling, it will meet 
the strongest possible resistance. 
Mr RotHnson said he strongly 
refuted what Mr Hughes bad 
said. Aquatic monitoring of the 
Severn took place regularly and 
sites in Gwent were included. 
The general public could rest 
assured that it was done effec- 
tively and continuously. 

Earlier, Mr Robinson had 
Confirmed to Mr Dafydd Elis 
Thomas (Meirionnydd Nant 


School governors: 2 


Conwy, PIO that disch ar ges of 
radioactive particulate matter 
from Trawsfynydd power sta- 
tion recently did. not present a 
radiological hazard to the pub- 
lic. The incident was under 
investigation 

Mr Ian Grist (Cardiff Central, 
OL wanted the Welsh Office to 
give the public every reassur- 
ance about the safety of nuclear 
power generation, which was 
such a great advantage, to the 
nation's conxpetitors — and to 
the people of Scotland, 40 per 
cem of whose electricity was 
generated by nuclear power. 

Mr .Robinson said that the 
Secretary of State lor Energy 
(Mr Peter Walker) had fflus- 
traied Mr Grist's points when be 
emphasized that the safety 
record of the nuclear power 
industry in the United Kingdom 
continued to be second to none. 


The C un inramf Is co nsidering 
whether tbere shmdjd be an 
inquiry tom the floedto which 

tto ae cd pieefcM axttUts ar 

the Victoria and AfoertMasoun 
in London at the mtak Mr 
Kfchanl Luce. Minister far (he 
Arts, sakf hi the Cm— i 
Mag question time. He end 
mother nti—ler weald heave to 
see the damage 6k thrinwht* 
Ja— aflatol* after, qnestiantime. 
Mtr Jhn m BM*m. Op»o- 
sitiaa i pets— ortbe am, 
nused the matter daring ■ 
question ahem the fending of toe 
arts faffaedng abotitiai of the 
GLC. Be ams Chat tat tor the 
irreteyxat md faotish action ef 
the WestmhnSer Cky Coaficfl, 
the GLC woald a 

. position eamietfee— efihe 
Victoria, and Albeit as tr had in 
the case of the Q—lne. 

Me Lace said Wuimiaaim Oty 
Good thadd he atnmsly 
praised far agreeing- to provide 
£3 mflBoa for foe- arts in the 
Greater London area and. added 
that kwotodbeTwlter Mother 
ro— cfli Kke farfeyton did (he 


ffolmd a great deal ef 

be Victoria 


ftr tbe Vktoria and 
Albert whfcfc had hod a tragic 
nechient —er the weekend: 
Labour MPk What 


Mr lace The staff has i 
ppi ffeent job. The Under 
Secretary « - State, for. the 
EtohmaMnt andl wfll agefo the 
V and ;A - Immediately after 
—MS— time to sec the male of 
da— ge and to disc — the 
sanation, with Sir Roy Strong- 
-We m eonnditlng whether 
tee shealile an toauiry.Tbe 
tetearto fi— a fmkage in 


Sw Darfcl Price (Eastleicb. Q 
saM the min ist e r weald have the 
faff support of the Hones end If 
he ndeed for extra money, toe 
Home worid view.it mnndy 
sympathetically* 

Mr Lares l aball be seeing the 


extent of the damage fat the sect 
BdwffTbeariamfad 


bemrortwoand 
what he says. 


No debate on 
allegation 
about shares 


DEALINGS 


bear 


teihe Prime Mb- 
it shares b— 10 
_ Street, and had . used 
that buffeting for an arm of the 
. JStoqk Em toa nge. were made to a 
chonisof CbasCTratiTepnrtests 
amL s nm fit abbnr ch ew by Mr 
DteSki— (Bobwti.Lab), 
who bOcd in aa attempt to get 
an em ergency Commons debate 
oa the charge. 

Mr Skinner said that be 
wanted to refer- to prime min- 
isterial conflict of Interest, to 
cam* it Lad always heen 
accepted In the. House foal 
ministers, indndfaig prime into- 
fsters, did not become urroJvcd 
in dealing in shares because they 
were privy to inside information 
which the ordinary public was 
not. There had beat countless 
tnstonces when minfe t m could 
hove made mStioas. 

It was not right and proper for 
the Prime Minister to deal in 
shares when there was massive 
speculation on 'fire ' Stock Ex- 
change and the Financial limes 
index had gone through 1400 

Number 10 did not belong to 
the Prime Minister, bath the 
nation, and wus nsed far Cabinet 
meetings and aanonocements 
and advance information which 
cotdd lead to a lot of money 
being made by a lot of people. 

It was Important became of 
the ba ckground of City band, 
unsurpassed ia many years and 
berate of pobHc disquiet. He 
and others believed there should 
be a faff Indepe n de nt inquiry. 
_We might have jnme to the 
Dhector of Pnbllc Prosecutions 
about the matter (he said) imt we ' 

have no faith In him. 


Parliament today 

lairds (230): Education Bill, 
committee stage. 

Commons (230): Gas Bin, third 
reading; Easter, adjournment 
motion: Lords amendments to 
Local Government Bill. 


Parents who need training for power 


Whatever hopes the Gov- 
ernment and others may have 
of parent governors, academic 
researchers have no illusions. 
Their work shows parent gov- 
ernors to be unassertive and 
circumscribed in their powers. 

A three-year study at Brunei 
University found some head 
teachers who regarded gover- 
nors as a necessary evil. They 
looked on them as a group to 
whom it was difficult to be 
accountable, but who could 
perhaps be taught what was 
importanL On the whole, the 
professionals, the teachers, de- 
cided what subjects the gover- 
nors discussed. 

Mr Mike Golby at Exeter 
University found that, with 
some exceptions, parent gov- 
ernors were a well-meaning 
but mute group, patronized by 
the experienced governors. He 
recommended that parent 
governors receive training in 
committee work and in under- 
standing how they might be 
able to exert influence. 

The new Education Bill says 
that all governors should re-, 
ceive the training, free of 
charge, which the local educa- 
tion authority considers nec- 
essary. 

Mrs Sheila Navbour. press 
officer of the National Con- 


In the second of two reports on parent governors. Lucy Hi 
Education Correspondent, looks at the experts" hopes 
rcjbrtns going through Parliament. 


the 


federation of Parent Teacher 
Associations, said that this 
was top priority. Without 
training, parent governors 
could not question what was 
going on in school. 

Mrs Barbara Bullivam. sec- 
retary of the National Assoria- 
tion of Governors and 
Managers, runs training 
courses for new parent 
governors. 

“It is difficult for parent 
governors where they are new- 
ly elecied.’’ she said. “People 
arc unsure and no one wants 
to tread on anyone's toes." 

The way to give parents 
sufficient confidence in meet- 
ings to raise issues and con- 
tribute to debate was to 
introduce them to committee 
work and give them experi- 
ence in role playing, she said. 

The experts believe that the 
arrival of more parent gover- 
nors will have a beneficial 
effect. 

Mrs Joan Saliis. chairman 
of the Campaign for the 
Advancement of State Educa- 
tion. said: “One parent gover- 
nor has got nobody to talk to. 


but if there are two to five of 
them they should feel more 
confident-" 

Removing political domi- 
nation should improve the 
quality of debate, she believes, 
and says that local authority 
nominees will no longer be 
able to wield power by simply 
putting up their hand to vote 
in meetings. Decisions, she 
adds, will have to be made by 
rational argumenL 

"There is no doubt that the 
forces against parent gover- 
nors will still be very strong,” 
she said. "There are a number 
of people who are very fright- 
ened by the new situation.” 
She was referring to local 
authorities and churches who 
are afraid that the reform will 
lead to more pressure on 
resources. 

Mrs Sallis’s own authority'. 
Richmond, in south-west 
London, which introduced 
parent governors in the 1970s. 
has been unable to cut the 
education budget because of 
parental pressure. 

"When a parent governor 
has the right to know that an 


adjustment in the 
pupil/teacher ratio at his 
school means that a teacher 
will be lost - that is informa- 
tion which parents can use 
and that is terribly important 
in the long run.” 

Richmond’s experience had 
been encouraging, she said. 
Parent governors there raised 
the issue of children sharing 
textbooks. Thai highlighted 
the way in which schools spent 
their “capitation” allowance 
on books and equipment 

Powerful teachers were of- 
ten able to command much 
more money than the less 
powerful and there was no 
rational budgeting. Parent 
governors discovered that 
some schools did not even use 
their capitation allowance, 
and that decisions were made 
by head teachers in secret. Ail 
that had changed. 

She added, however, that 
parent governors needed sup- 
port. They needed access to 
the school and the ability to 
make easy contact with teach- 
ers and other governors. 

"Attending a staff meeting 
is more enlightening and gives 
you more information about 
how a school works than a 
whole term of lectures.” 

Concluded 




1 f 



The owl-and the pussycat (the barn owl and the wild cat) are 
two species of wildlife at risk, which are shown on a sores of 

stamps to be issued by the Post Office on May 20. The barn 

owl is declining rapidly because of a lack of suitable nesting 
places. The wild cat is found in the Scottish Hi ghlan ds and 
in the Border area. The stamps are designed by Ken Lilly. 


Ex-police chief wins 
ruling on legal costs 


Mr Alfred Parrish, die for- 
mer Chief Constable of Derby- 
shire, yesterday won a High 


Court ruling that he is not 
liable to pay the comity police 
authority’s legal costs bflJ - 
estimated at between £25,000 
and £354K)0 - resulting from 
his year-long court battle to be 
allowed to retire after accusa- 
tions of financial 
irregularities. 

Lord Justice Croom -John- 
son and Mr Justice Mann 
derided that each side most 
pay its own costs. 

The authority had claimed 


that Mr Parrish should pay 
the total costs of tire case 
because he had erentnally 
abandoned his action. 


Bat Mr Parrisb argued that 
he did so only after it became 
unnecessary to proceed: 

Mr Ptorish applied fo.retire 
on health grounds , in Septem- 
ber 1984. Derbyshire County 
Council . refused . because ■' it 
wanted him to face disciplin- 
ary' proceedings. Bat Mr Par- 
rish was eventually allowed to 
go when the Home Secretory 
intervened last November. • 


Saleroom 


Figure found in farm 
drawer makes £33,000 


By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 


de- 


A little wooden figure found Sotheby's - 
m a drawer by a Northumber- scribed ft 
land fanner, and nearly ti/ ; 

thrown away, was sold by . . °f Uroal art, never- 

Soiheby's yesterday for ' P^yed a struggle, with 
£33,000. (estimate £5,000 to U ^ e < ? r n<> mlerest in African 


£10:000). 

. ft started life m Fiji, is seven 
i nche s . high and depicts a 
woman in. a Yery stylized, 
gothic , manner, her fcbe mid 
herbreastsare flattened. 


*rt, which made up most of 
Th ?{e was a total of 
with .39. per cent 
unsold. A Battle female figure 
at £6,000 (estimate 
_ £10,000 to £15, 000) ^and a 

sssssssg^ 

Zealand, one in ^Cambridge, Sotheby's sale of contempo- 

andone stdl m pnyale hands. « in Amsterdam made 
into One of £259,994 with .20 per cent 
Sotheby s. advisory days in a good result for 

p 9 rcelail i expert n^pcan art, which does noi 
who Jookedat it was dubious normally attract the popular 
owls importance but sent a following, dedicated to Ameri- 


polaroid pnotqgraph to the 
expert in London.^ There it was 
cognized, ft was bought by 
Wayne Heaibcote;. the New 
York .dealer.. 


itoAmeri- 

S2LS- ^ aactioneer reck- 
oned that there had beenaiO 
per cem rise in prices overall 

since last October's sales. 


The other sensation^ the 

Person", v 

ffe ■■ 

*0 a Belgian pnvate 


unknown, a Haida ^bowf* of Sw. 01- , entitled “Blue 
• bo® form- seven ihehes^ide, ma ^^ 800 

which sold for £7,150 festi- J 5,000 to 

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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


HOME/OVERSEAS NEWS 


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Husak follows Soviet lead and attacks ‘inertia’ in party 




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rise to 25, 


, More than 25X00 people a 
«• year are dying in Britain as a 
: direct result of alcohol abuse, 

* and the nation is now drinking 
*“ twice as much liquor as in the 
- 1950s. health experts say in a 
'.■ report published today. 

- The report. An Agenda for 
. Action on Aleokol, calls for a 
-•• campaign to cut drink con* 

- sumption by 30 to 40 percent 
through higher taxes, a ban on 

' advertising and tougher rc- 
V strictions on licensed 
; prem ises. 

Britons are spending more 
, than £35 million a day. on 

■ alcohol, but the annual bill to 
‘ the country of alcohol abuse 

has been estimated at £1,680 

■ million in the cost of sickness 
, absence, hospital treatment, 
. unemployment and prema- 

* tore death. 

The catalogue df harm 
; caused by excessive drinking 

* is both, “excessive and 

- dramatic", the report by the 
Action on Alcohol - Abuse 

j organfzatiou says. 

■ 'One in three drivers in- 
yolved in road accidents, 
which cause thousands of 

r deaths and injuries every year, 
is over the legal limit Half of 
' those convicted for murder 
killed while drunk, and drink- 
: ing is also linked with 52 per 
cent of dealbs from fine, one 
third of all domestic accidents, 

- and 30 per cent of dxownings. 

The organization, support- 
. ed by foe British Medical 


Association, the Health Edu- 
cation- Council and other 
groups, criticized Mr Nigel i 
Lawson, Chancellor of the 1 
Exchequer, for not '--raising, 
taxes on spirits, wines and j 
beers in last week's Budget I 

Mr Don Steele, director of i 
AAA;, satd:“The Chancellor 
tas. in effect reduced the rial 
price of alcohol and- flown in 
the face of every available 
- piece of evidence which shows 
that lower prices mean higher 
consumption and more 
problems." 

He added: “The current 
hysteria on "bard' drug abuse 
is drawing attention away 
froraihe real idOer. In 1984, at 
least 26,500 people died as a 
result of heavy drinking, but 
just 235 deaths resulted from 
drug abuse." 

Since 1950 the price of drink 
has fallen by almost 50 per 
cent in real terms, the report 
says.Tbe Exchequer would re- 
ceive £6 bflion from taxes on 
alcohol in the current year,' 
and any moves which risked 
reducing : that income were 
likely to be opposed. 

“The fact that the English 
football team may be going to 
Mexico sponsored by the 
Courage' brewery might well 
say something about us as a 
nation." the report says. 

An Agenda Jpr Action on Alcohol 
(AAA, Livingston House, II 
Carteret Street, London SW1 
9DL) 


Ministers Police are I 


From Roger Boyes 

Prague 

Mr Gustav Husak, the 
Czechoslovak leader, yester- 
day took on board some of foe 
lessons of the new Soviet 
leadership and criticized the 
“inertia" and high-handed- 
ness of some Communist 
officials. But although his 
criticism at the party congress 
was sharp, ii fell far short of 
Mr Gorbachov's shake-up of 
the Soviet party, government 
and economy. 

This is the first party con- 
gress in Eastern Europe since 

Muscovite 
with a 
mission 

From Christopher Thomas 
Washington 

Katerina Lycheva, aged II, 
a student at Special School 
Number 4 In Moscow, is on a 
peace mission to the United 
States, telling American ch Q- 
dreu that her country desires 
only harmony with its fellow 
superpower. 

Her two-week tour, which 
began in Chicago on Friday, is 
remiiilsceflt of the trip by 
Samantha Smith, the Maine 
schoolgirl who went to the 
Soviet Union in 1983 at the 
invitation of Yuri Andropov, 
the fate Soviet leader. 

But the ailing Andropov 
-disappointed Samantha by not 
receiving her. She was killed 
last August when a light plane 
in which she was travelling 
crashed near her home. 

Katya, as Katerina is known 
to her friends, won the trip to 
America after suggesting that 
her school set up a memorial 
museum to Samantha. Her 
trip includes New York, 
Washington, Houston and Los 


the Moscow session and foe 
question is: will the ripples of 
change spread throughout the 
Soviet bloc? Although Mr 
Husak. who spoke for more 
than three hours, called upon 
the delegates to start an “open 
and efficient’* discussion, the 
congress looked .set to be a 
rather calm, understated 
event. The word “reform” was 
not mentioned once. 

Rather, he justified the eco- 
nomic and political lines pur- 
sued since the Warsaw Pan 
invasion of 1968 on the 
grounds that they had main- 
tained stability and a high 


standard of living in the 
country. The stagnation of the 
Czechoslovak economy was 
partly due to “negative 
influences" from the rest of 
'the world and partly to an 
inefficient use of resources. 

“The development we have 
achieved since the early 1970s 
is a telling answer to all the 
ami-socialist and revisionist 
forces who foretold that the 
Czechoslovak Socialist Re- 
public would' never extricate 
itself from the crisis of the late 
1960s." 

The answer to Prague’s 
problems. Mr Husak said, was 


to “intensify" the economy: 
that is to deploy resources 
more intelligently. There was 
also no question of political 
liberalization. 

In a clear message to 
Czechoslavakia’s dissident 
opposition, he said: “We shall 
allow no one to violate our 
laws, to undermine our politi- 
cal system, our socialist order, 
whatever lofty phrases he 
might use about freedom, 
democracy and the so-called 
struggle for human rights." 

But the Gorbachov lesson 
means that Moscow’s allies 
have to inject more self- 


criticism into their public 
gatherings. And so the 73- 
year-old Mr Husak, stumbling 
only occasionally, spoke aT 
“high-handedness and abuse 
of trust" by some Communist 
Party officials. 

There was no place in the 
office of the party for such 
attitudes, he said, earning one 
of the longest rounds of ap- 
plause in the congress so far. 
Over the past few years, he 
said, one-third of Communist 
Party secretaries and 40 per 
cent of regional party chiefs 
had lost their jobs. 

But while those figures 


sound like a purge, they 
merely represent for the most 
part a natural turnover of 
officials. It remains to be seen I 
whether tin's congress will I 
produce really barbed criti- ■“ 
cism from the rank and file 
delegates and whether this 
criticism leads to important |Qp 
personnel changes. com- 

Certainly. big changes in the «, at 
complexion of the party are & St 
planned — a much younger, ipon 
more technocratic Central >ach. 
Committee is expected — but inks, 
the main policy line of step- pped 
by-step change will be day’s 
maintained. -onts 


named for 
crime fight 

A high-level group of minis- 
ter and officials has been set. 
up . to develop - the 
. Government’s crime preven- 
tion strategy, Mr Douglas 
Hurd, Home Secretary, an- 
nounced yesterday. - 
In a Commons written reply 
to Mr Peter Thomas, Conser- 
vative MP for Hendon South. 
Mr Hurd said the group would 
be headed by Mr Giles Shaw, 

- Minister of Stale at the Home 
; Office; who has special re- 

- sponsibility for crime 
" prevention. 

_ Mr Hurt said: “Much woric 
; is already ip hand following 
, the crime prevention seminar 
hosted by the Prime Minister 
in January. But it is important j 
that the momentum is not : 
lost." 

The Home Office said the j 
success of any initiative on | 
* crime prevention depended 
on public support* | 

NUT calls for 
an end to 
pay constraint 

' The National Union of 
. Teachers yesterday ealled on 
the Government to commit 
itself to funding any agree- 
ment from current negotia- 

- tions on pay and conditions. 

It said in its opening sub- 
mission ip the Ad visory, Con- 
ciUatioQ and Arbitration Ser- 
vice panel supervising the 
kung-term talks that there was 
"no possibility" of a deal on 
salary, conditions or teacher 
appraisal against a back- 
ground of predetermined fi- 
nancial constraints. 

This amounted to a demand 
that Sir Keith Joseph, Secret 
tary ofSiate for Education and 
Science, should increase the 
£135 billion he has already 
said is available, provided an 
acceptable deal on conditions 
is reacted. 


‘drowning 
in paper’ 

From Craig Setsn 

Bi rmingham 

West Midlands policemen 
are “drowning in a sea of 
paper," Mr Geoffrey Dear, 
Chief Constable, said yester- 
day when be unveiled an 
important Home Office- 
backed project to cut bureau- 
cracy and free more officers to 
fight crime. 

.Officers bad to deal with 
nearly 1,000 separate forms, 
ranging from those dealing 
with murder charges to minor 
ones for ordering new coat& 

The new scheme to stream- 
line paperwork, increase the 
use. of computers and, possi- 
1 bly, bring in dvffians for non- 
essential work is intended to 
I increase the . “operational 
! availability" of police officers 
by about 20 per cent; the 
equivalent of recruiting about 
1,000 more. 

Mr Dear said the scheme 
would have implications for 
forces throughout the country. 

“ We are spending far too 
much time writing about what 
we are dealing with and not 
enough time on the streets.” 

The West Midlands project 
will start in West Bromwich 
andSolihulL 

Teams from the Home 
Office's police research ser- 
vices anil will carry out a 
detailed assessment of the 
working day of police officers, 
judging how modi time is 
spent on non-essential duties. 

Their findings will be con- 
sidered by officers from other 
police forces who will join the 
Home Office team in deciding 
how reforms can be intro- 
duced nationally. 

- Mr Dear said the surfeit of 
paperwork resulted partly 
from the creation of the West 
Midlands force in 1974-75, 
when many of the functions of 
at least six smaller forces had 
to be concentrated into one. 

Since then crime had risen 
by 106 per cent 



Gorbachov’s campaign for openness 

Publishing chief calls 
on press to take risks 
and upset the powerful 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


Anger over proposal 
for tree-ringed town 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 


A secluded circle of pme 
forest in north Hampshire has 

been chosen as a screen for the 
second complete tew town 
planned by Consortium De- 
velopments in countryside 
near London. 

Bramshifl Plantation near 
the Berkshire- bolder was 
named yesterday as the site for 
the second town in a series of 
five. 

The site of die third is to be 
named -in foe summer.. The 
plantation is in the area 
covered by the hung Hart 
district council. . Mr David 
Cairo*’, independent vice- 
chairman of foe Han housing 
committee, said yesterday: 
“At the moment folk just want 
to cover our countryside with 
bouses." 

The. second town, to be 
called Foxfcy Wood after a 

fourteentit-century landowner 

BntssnfA > 
Ti woosT ^al 


Sandhurst® 


In Chicago she .joined in 
lessons at LaSalle Language 
Academy and visited Mayor 
Harold Washington. He gave 
her a mascot of the Chicago 
Bears, this year’s football Katerina Lycheva, the young Soviet “peacemaker”, with an 
champions. American companion at New York's La Guardia airport. 

Sailors freeze to death on liferaft 


Stockholm — Six Finnish 
sailors who had abandoned 
their ship froze to death on a 
liferaft during a severe storm 
in the Baltic Sea (Christopher 
Mosey writes). 

They left the ship, the 
merchant vessel Karelia. late 
on Sunday when its cargo of 
cats and lorries broke loose. It 
later ran aground on foe island 
ofGotska Sandon. 

Huge waves, high winds. 


[PRISONERS I, 

*£SSk. , 

OF CONSCIENCE 


Syria: 

Abd al-Massih 
Kiryakos 

By Caroline Moorhead 

The headmaster of a sec- 
ondary school and former 
soldier, Abd al-Massih 
Kiryakos, has been held for 
the past 18 years in al-Mezze 
military prison in Damascus, 
allegedly for belonging to the 
pro-Iraqi wing erf the Baath 
Party National Command in 
Syria. Detained under the 
state of emergency laws hi 
force since 1963, be has never 
been formally chared or tried. 
He is believed to be suffering 
from a kidney disease. 

The Baath Party has been in 
power in Syria since 1963, and 
different factions have gained 
and lost power at different 
times. Relations between Syria 
and Iraq deteriorated sharply 
in 1975, and widespread ar- 
rests of those suspected of 
supporting the pro-Iraqi wing 
of the party followed. Several 
people remain in detention, 
without charge or triaL 

Abd al-Massih Kiryakos is 
in his ntid-forties. He is 
married mid has an 11-year- 
old daughter, born after his 
arrest. His' wife was not al- 
lowed to see him until 1980. 




[Basogsw** 


in foe area, is meant to be 
almost identical in shape, cost 
and purpose to T fllin g h a m 
Hall in Essex. An appeal by 
Consortium Developments 
against the refusal of councils 
to allow building at 
Tillingham Hall is to reopen 
today. 

The five are all meant to be 
much .smaller than the new 
towns of the posi-war years 
such as Slough and Cwwley. 
Other differences are that the 
five are all .to be built in 
countryside instead of being 
grafted onto existing settle- 
ments, and are all to be built 
by private companies instead 
of public development 
corporations. 

The Council for the Protec- 
tion. of Rural England con- 
demned foe plan to bnBd a 
£400 million town on foe 700 
acres of clay workings encir- 
cled by foe plantation. Mr 
Richard Bate, senior planner 

with the council, said:“Tbe 

housebuilders are stoking up 
uncertainty, speculation and 
worry." 

Lord Northfietd of Telford, 
chairman of Consortium De- 
velopments. said yesterday 
that the plantation was an 
ideal building site in 3n area 
where new building was ac- 
cepted as inevitable to the end 
of ihe'centuiy. ' 



Mr aLMassih Kiryakos: no 
formal charge or triaL 


sub-zero temperatures and 
poor visibility because of 
snow hindered rescue efforts, 
buta Swedish Navy helicopter 
managed to winch 12 men 
from foe liferaft and fly them 
to hospital in Visby, on the 
island of Gotland. 

Two were dead on arrivaL 
The remaining five were 
picked up by a West German 
vessel that answered the 
Karelia's distress call, but four 

Five-hour 
delay on 
Sindona 

From John Earle 
Rome 

Criticism is mounting over 
foe way authorities have been 
handling the inquiry into the 
poisoning of jailed Sicilian 
financier Michele Sindona. 

It has emerged that 5'£ 
hours, in which evidence 
could have been tampered 
with, elapsed before the inves- 
tigating magistrate was in- 
formed of Smdona's collapse 
and sealed the prison cell. 

Experts began yesterday, 
four days after the event, to 
analyse foe remains of coffee 
and milk served to Sindona 
for his fatal breakfast last 
Thursday. 

The financier collapsed dur- 
ing breakfast and died 53 
boms later. 

The examination by toxi- 
cologists at Pavia University 
Institute of Forensic Medicine 
j could provide a vital clue as to 
whether Sindona committed 
suicide or was murdered. 

But. in any case, the ques- 
tion will still remain as to how 
foe poison reached the finan- 
cier, aged 65. who was last 
week sentenced to life 
inprisonment for ordering the 
murder of Giorgio AmbrosolL 
foe lawyer appointed to liqui- 
date his collapsed I talian b ank 
in 1974. 

Sindona was isolated at 
Voghera Prison, in northern 
Italy, where all his meals were 
taken to his cell in specially 
sealed containers. 

The mystery is assuming foe 
proportions of that surround- 
ing foe death of Roberto Calvi 
found hanging from Black- 
friars Bridge, London, in 
1982. 

The two were business asso- 
ciates and had dealings with 
the Vatican Bank under foe 
chairmanship of- Monsignor 
Paul Marcinkus, foe Ameri- 
can archbishop still at its head. 


of them were dead. AH the 
survivors are out of danger. 

In the Gulf of Bothnia, 
further north, the Finnish 
ferry Wasa Express, with more 
than a thousand passengers on 
board, gave up attempts to 
reach the Swedish port of 
Utnea because of ice. 

Despite foe assistance of 
several icebreakers, the fairy 
was forced to put into foe ice- 
free port of Skelleftehama 


A leading Soviet journalist, 
recently promoted by Mr 
Gorbachov, has delivered a 
swingeing attack on foe unre- 
alistic picture of life in the 
Soviet Union painted by foe 
state-controlled press, and has 
called on Soviet journalists to 
be more critical. 

In an outspoken interview 
with the magazine of foe 
powerful Soviet Journalists' 
Union. Mr Mikhail 
Nenashev, newly-appointed 
chief of the country’s vast 
publishing industry'* accused 
the Soviet press of laxity in 
informing both foe party and 
public about “difficulties, 
blunders and mistakes". 

Mr Nenashev, until last 
month editor of Sorietskaya 
Rossiya, the daily paper in the 
vanguard of Mr Gorbachov’s 
campaign for greater 
“openness", urged his fellow 
journalists, many of whom 
have long been frustrated by 
the severe restrictions im- 
posed on them, to be willing lo 
lake risks and upset those in 
power. 

His clarion call for a new 
type of Soviet journalism was 
foe most explicit and far- 
reaching of any of the recent 
internal critiques of foe me- 
dia, which are seen by Mr 
Gorbachov as a vital ally in 
his efforts to reform foe 
ramshackle and often corrupt 
administration. 

“Socialism is no kingdom of 
heaven, it is an earthly phe- 
nomenon with its own prob- 
lems, difficulties and illnesses, 
mostly natural growing 
pains," Mr Nenashev said. 


“The people must hear about 
problems, shortcomings and 
mistakes first and foremost 
from foe press," 

In answer to one question, 
in which foe interviewer open- 
ly referred to much of what 
appears in foe leaden official 
press as "political drivel", Mr 
Nenashev alleged that, either 
voluntarily or involuntarily, 
Soviet reporters had been 
“smoothing over" problems 

Nuclear tests are 
likely to resume 

The Soviet Union has a num- 
ber of nndear weapons it will 
have to test over the next 
months if it is to keep abreast 
of America's defence modern- 
ization programme, according 
to Western analysts (Nicholas 
Ashford writes). 

Moscow is expected to end 
its self-imposed nuclear mora- 
torium since the US has 
dearly demonstrated with its 
Nevada explosion at the week- 
end that h has no intention of 
taking up Mr Gorbachov's 
offer for a joint test freeze. 

inside foe Soviet Union. 

"In our newspaper practice, 
we presented an over-simpli- 
fied picture of reality, which 
was far from real." he ex- 
plained, with a degree of self- 
critidsm which until recently 
would have been remarkable 
in any official publication 
here. “How could our work be 
effective if people were read- 
ing one thing and often seeing 
a completely different reality 
arou nd them?" 


owenui^ 

86 

» 7 96 

Mr Nenashev, who has 211 
responsibility for foe foematic35 -2 
content of most books pro- 14 1“ 
duced in the Soviet Union 7 , 
adde± “Let us call successes * 
successes, shortcomings short- 
comings and mistakes mis- 
takes. Much depends on foe 
capacity of a journalist to 75 
show professional boldness." 3 * 

As an example, he spelt ouH5 -5 
how Sovietskaya Rossiya had 104 
last year exposed a big Mos-3 1 +, £ 
cow housing scandal, the pub-™ 
licatian of which, in foe face OP® “ 3 
Communist Party opposition, 
led to the political downfall of ■■■ 
a number of officials, includ- 
ing Mr Viktor Grishin, who 
was ousted from foe Politburo 
earlier this year. 

Mr Nenashev explained 
that officials fell so immune - 
from criticism that they 
vealed details of foe scandal to I 

a reporter in foe belief that it | 
would never appear in print. m 
They disclosed that foe hous- 
ing administration regularly 
falsified figures for foe con- r 
struct ion of houses and report- 1 
ed that new homes were ready 1 
for use when, in fact, many 
were not even equipped with 
basic amenities. 

"The officials openly said us 
foe reporter ‘Behind us stamr 
the Moscow party and 
Government ‘ They were surfy 
that ... at some stage some- 
one high up would say that iv 
was not necessary to give out 
such information about Mos-y 
cow. But we had received sucf 
convincing facts that it wa.4 
impossible to doubt them, anc 
we immediately publishec, 
them in foe newspaper 


FROM 

1st APRIL 1986 
Report 
an injury... 

WHEN? New regulations* operative from 
1st April 1986 require employers and the self- 
employed to report to the Health and Safety 
Executive, or a local authority, injuries. jA 
cases of certain diseases and dangerous 
occurrences at work. 




Waldheim hits back 


Vienna (Reuter) — Mr Si- 
mon Wiesenthal, the Nazi 
hunter, yesterday called on 
Yugoslavia to. respond to 
charges that Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim, the former UN Secre- 
tary-General, was listed as a 
suspected Nazi war criminal, 
wanted by Yugoslavia for 
complicity in murder. 

Speaking to journalists at 
the Jewish Documentation 
Centre in Vienna, which be 
heads, Mr Wiesenthal said foe 
listing raised 10 a new level foe 
controversy around Dr Wald- 
heim, who is seeking foe 
Austrian presidency. 


Dr Waldheim yesterday re- 
jected all allegations of a Nazi 
past and accused foe World 
Jewish Congress, which says it 
has found his name on a 1948 
US Army list of those sought 
by Yugoslavia, of waging a 
slander campaign against him. 

, Mr Wiesenthal said: "If this 
was foe last list sent by the 
Yugoslav Government to the 
Uimed Nations, then the 
question is why they never 
asked for his extradition." 

He said it was possible that 
Dr Waldheim had been 
dropped from a later list 
because oflack of evidence 



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OVERSEAS NEWS 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


Doubts as FDP chief flies to sign deal 


America 
Bonn 



ffled by 




role 


From Frank Johnson. Bonn 


Herr Martin Bangemann, 
West Germany's Economics 
Minister, left for Washington 
to sign agreements, probably 
lomorrow.on the Strategic De- 
fence Initiative, or Star Wars. 

But, among other things, 
remarks at the weekend by 
Herr Helmut Haussraann, 
general secretary of the Free 
Democrats, the party of which 
Herr Bangemann is leader, 
will cause the Americans to 
wonder whether the minister's 
signature commits Bonn to 
anything in particular, other 
than to the prospect of a few 
rich contracts for West Ger- 
man companies. 

The problem is that the Free 
Democrats are on the whole 
opposed to SDI. Herr Hauss- 
mann said the remaining 
questions about it could not 
be “cleared up at troop bases", 
a reference to a meeting 
Chancellor Kohl had with the 
US Defence Secretary, Mr 
Caspar Weinberger, at the 
American base of 
Grafeowohr. 

Mr Weinberger was in Ger- 
many to attend the Nato 
Planning Group meeting at 
Wurzburg. The meeting at the 
base was supposed to deal 
with any doubts the West 


Germans might still have had 
atom SDI. 

But Herr Haussmann 
seemed anxious to depict it as 
a brief superficial exchange 
which could not possibly have 
done justice to so complex a 
subject. 

He said remaining doubts 
could be cleared up only by 
experts. Herr Kohl was yester- 
dav reported to regard these 
remarks as “an incredible 
impertinence". 

So it is still not known how 
for Bonn is committed on 
SDI. This is entirely because 
of West German domestic 
politics and. in particular, 
because those politics revolve 
around a government which is 
a coalition. 

Most West German politi- 
cians and parties would rather 
not have a policy on SDI — 
apart from Herr Franz Josef 
Strauss and his Bavarian 
Christian Social Union, who 
are for it Most see it as 
passing American enthusiasm' 
which will not survive Mr 
Reagan's presidency in any- 
thing like its original, inspira- 
tional form. 

They also see any Bonn 
commitment to it as damaging 
the overriding West German 


goal of improved relations 
with the Soviet Union, a goal 
to which Herr Kohl and the 
Christian Democrats (CDU) 
are committed, whatever they 
may have said in opposition. 

But they do not want West 
German companies to be left 
out of any contracts which 
SDI may offer. Over 
months of controversy. 
CDU. perhaps because 
Herr Kohl's desire to keep 

. L.L X. 


the 

the 


of 


on 


Rood terms with Mr Reagan, 

■ ' fa- 


has become guardedly in _ 
vour of the principle of SDI. 

The FDP, apart from Herr 
Bangemann, has remained op- 
posed — particularly its former 
leader, Herr Hans-Dietrich 
Genscher. whose opposition 
makes reading Bonn's true 
intentions even more baffling 
for the Americans, since be is 
Foreign Minister. 

As a compromise, Herr 
Kohl decided to emphasize 
Bonn's economic — as op- 
posed to political or military — 
interest in SDI by putting the 
Minister of Economics in 
charge of the negotiations, in 
contrast to Britain, whose 
dealings with Mr Weinberger, 
were conducted by Mr Mi- 
chael Heseliine, then Defence 
Secretary. 


Howe aid Greece sets terms 


offer to 


Belgrade 


From Dessa Trevisan 
Belgrade 


Britain has reaffirmed its 
willingness to help Yugoslavia 
through its economic crisis, 
bow in its fifth year and 
showing no signs of abating. 

On a two-day visit here. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, the Foreign 
Secretary, said Britain valued 
Yugoslavia's independence, 
non-aligmiKtit and domestic 
stability* and. in that context, 
was willing to help. 

Sir Geoffrey, speaking at a 
luncheon hosted by Mr Raif 
Dizdarevic. the Yugoslav For- 
eign Minister, said that 
Yugoslavia's economic stabili- 
zation programme was in 
keeping with the world-wide 
trend towards economic 
liberalism. 

He said human rights were 
also a matter of special con- 
cern to Britain, especially as 
the follow-up meeting on the 
Helsinki Accord was due to be 
held in Vienna later this year. 

He indicated that trials of 
Yugoslavs for their opinions 
and the expulsion of British 
journalists was viewed with 
disapproval by Britain. 


for Cyprus pact 


From Mario Modiano,Atheiis 


Greece gave a warning yes- 
terday that it would accept no 
settlement on Cyprus that did 
not meet three conditions: the 
withdrawal of all occupation 
forces from the island; inter- 
national guarantees for Cy- 
prus that would deny Turkey 
any unilateral intervention 
rights and the departure of 
more than 40.000 Turkish 
settlers now living in occupied 


sion of Cyprus and encourage 
Turkish expansionism, and 
would therefore be unaccept- 
able to the Greek 
Government" 




. ... Greek conditions were 
spelt out in a statement just as 
Sir Geoffrey Howe, the For- 


eign Secretary, wound up an 
official visit to Greece, and 4$ 


hours before the arrival here 
of Mr Geoige Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State. 

Both have been urging Mr 
Andreas Papandreou. the 
Greek Prime Minister, to 
support the forthcoming ini- 
tiative on Cyprus of Senor 
Javier Perez de Cuellar, the 
UN Secretary-General. 

The official statement said 
these conditions were vital to 
safeguard the national security 
of Greece. "Any other 
solution," it added, “would 
vindicate the Turkish inva- 


The statement was seen as a 
hardening of the Greek posi- 
tion just before Mr 
Papandreou’s talks with Mr 
Shultz, who is expected in 
Athens later today when the 
Greeks are celebrating Inde- 
pendence Day, the 165th anni- 
versary of their revolution 
against Turkish domination. 

This coincidence was in- 
voked by an organization of 
left-wing extremists calling it- 
self Revolutionary Group 
Christos Kasimis in a state- 
ment that claimed responsibil- 
ity for the time-tomb on 
Saturday night which blasted 
President Truman's statue off 1 
its pedestal in central Athens. 


• ANKARA: A senior US 
official said yesterday it was 
unlikely that an agreement on 
extending a US military aid- 
for-bases pact with Turkey 
would be concluded during 
Mr Shultz’s visit (Reuter re- 
ports). 


Filipinos picket US bases 


From Keith Dalton 
Manila 


• >■■■« 


Filipino workers on strike at 
two United Slates military 
bases in the Philippines yes- 
terday agreed to meet Ameri- 
can negotiators to thrash out a 
new wage agreement But they 
continued to man barricades 
there. 

The four-day-old strike by 
22.000 employees has had 
little impact on operations at 
Subic Bay naval base. Clark 
Air Force base and four 
smaller installations, although 
US servicemen have been 
forced to assume maintenance 
and catering duties. Entertain- 
ment facilities and PX stores 
have been dosed. 

The picket lines and barri- 
cades of rocks and logs are 
forcing Subic Bay servicemen 
to enter and leave the sprawl- 


'■ • • .1 •. 


ing base, 50 miles north-west 
ofManila. by boaL 


At least six pickets and 
seven servicemen were in- 
jured — some knifed — in 
scuffles on Friday night when 
Marines tried to break 
through the picket lines, local 
police and US authorities 
reported 

The pickets have been 
peaceful at the Clark base. 50 
miles north of Manila, ami ai 
the communications instal- 
lations. 

A small group of left-wing 
demonstrators, who marched 
on Sunday night to the main 
gate to join the picket “against 
US imperialism", were forc- 
ibly turned away by the sirik- 



President Aquino with Leticia Rnmos-Shahnni (left), sister 
of the Philippine armed forces commander. General Fidel 
Ramos, after she was sworn in as Deputy Foreign Minister. 


ers, who said it was not a 
political rally. 

The strike was called after 
negotiations on severance pay 
ended in deadlock. The Feder- 
ation of Filipino Civilian Em- 
ployees Associations wants 
workers who resign voluntari- 
ly to get severance pay. but US 
policy is to grant such pay oni> 
to employees who retire or are 
dismissed. 


The Labour Ministry said 
formal negotiations would be- 
gin in Man ila to morrow. 
ttCEBU CITY: A regional 
military commander said 
more than 1 .000 alleged com- 
munist “cadres" gave them- 
selves up to the military 
yesterday in the first mass 
surcendcrof rebels since Presi- 
dent Aquino came to power 
(AP reports). 


m'ri- 





Sabah 

finds 


peace 
forn 



Kota Ktnabatfa;. Malaysia 
(Reuter) - Sabah’i Muslim 
and Christian leaders have 
agreed to end the sectarian 
conflict in the state, the Prime 
Minister, Dawk Seri Dr 
Mahathir Mohamad; said. 
The peace formula involved 
Datuk Joseph Pairin Kitijgan, 
* Christian, staying -on as 
Chief Minister. ;• . 

Five people have- been 
IdHed, 20 wounded aad hun- 
dreds jailed tat two weeks of 
rioting, bombings and arson 

by militant Muslims protest- 
ing against Datuk Faina's 
alleged anti-IsfahuC stance.. 


Neglect 
kills crash 


victims 


Three die as work boycol 
sweeps black townships 


Johannesburg — People in- 
jured in road accidents in some 
parts of South Africa hare a 
better chance of surviving if 
the ambulance fails to tarn up 
(Ray Kennedy writes). 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion of South Africa says the 
vast majority of those who die 
as a result erf traffic accidents 
are alive after the impact 


It says the lack of training 
and equipment is the biggest 
killer. It quotes one traffic 
officer as saying: “I called for 
an ambulance at 830am. By 
the time it arrived at lLOOam, 
the woman had bled to death. I 
used a newspaper to try to stop 
the bleeding — it’s all I had. 


Three blacks were reported 
to have been killed yesterday 
as massive work stoppages 
began in townships south-east 
of here and a consumer boy- 
cott was launched in Pretoria. 

Their deaths brought .the 
□umber of people killed in 
political violence in the past 
five days to at least 23. 
Residents in Ratanda town- 
ship, near Heidelberg, south- 
east of Johannesburg, said two 
people who were trying to 
ignore a two-day work boycott 
call were killed when they 


From Ray Kennedy, Johannesburg 

In Pretoria, an indefinite the eastern Transvaal 
black consumer boycott of KwaNdebele homeland 
white-owned businesses was Representatives of civil 
launched yesterday. Leaflets 


were caught in police crossfire. 


• Treatment denied: A young 
Coloured woman paralysed 
from the neck down in a road 
accident is being denied access 
to the spinal mnt of Pretoria's 
Verwoerd Hospital — named 
after Dr Hendrik Verwoerd. 
the architect of apartheid — 
because it is reserved for 
whites. 


. . third man had been killed 
overnight in a township she- 
been by “vigilantes," the resi- 
dents raid. 

The work boycott has been 
called over the killing of a 
woman by police last week 
and the detention of two civic 
leaders. 

Work stayaways were also 
in force in six other townships,' 
including Sharpeville, over 
the jailing of participants in a 
rent boycott. 


■yiiH it was in protest against 
the refusal to withdraw troops 
from the townships, reduce 
rents, reinstate sacked workers 
who took part in boycotts, and 
against the banning of the 
Council of South African 
Students. -’L ‘ • 

Meanwhile, a Roman Cath- 
olic convent was attacked with 
petrol bombs early yesterday 
m Kagiso township, near Kru- 
gersdorp, which has been the 
target of recent raids by white 
vigilantes. 

One of the three petrol 
tombs landed in a room 
where three nuns were sleep- 


rights groups presented a petF 
tion in Cape Town yesterday 
to Mr Louis Le Grange, the 
Minister of Law and Order, 
and Mr Kobie Le Grange, the 
Minister of Justice, protesting 
against “the assault, .intimida- 
tion and harassment" ofbJack 
chil dren on a countrywide 
basis by the security forces. 


LONDON: An academic 


conference aimed at bringing 
together aO sides in. South 
Africa, including the outlawed 
African National Congress, 
has been called off because off 
what the organizers believe is 
disinformation in the British 
and South African 7 , press 


ing, but none was hurt. .rs - , — - r 

Several nuns are actively (Nicholas Ash ford wntes). 


involved in anti-government 
protests, including Sister Ber- 
nard Ncube, who has been 
detained on many occasions. 

The charred body of a blade 
policeman was- discovered 
yesterday near Dennilton, in 


Thexon fe reocc. dnetostart] 
yesterday, and run for five 
days, was organized by Wiltoa 
Park, the independent aca- 
demic institute boused 
Wiston. House, Steynmg, 
Surrey. 


Strains appear in French coalition 


From Diana Geddes, Paris 


The first strains within the 
new “government of 
cohabitation" have arisen not 
from a clash between the 
Socialist President and his 
right-wing Prime Minister, as 
was expected, but from rivaliy 
within the ranks of the coali- 
tion itself. 

M Valery Giscard d'Estai ng, 
a former president, and M 
Jacques Chaban-Delmas, a 
former Gaullist prime minis- 
ter, are said to be rivals for the 
presidency of the National 
Assembly even though both 
deny seeking the post for 
themselves. 

It is reported that both are 
being actively supported by 
their respective parties, the 
centre-right LIDF and the 
Gaullist RPR, and have 
turned down ministerial posts 
in the new government. 

M Jacques Toubon, general 
secretary of the RPR, said that 
in accordance with parliamen- 
tary tradition, the presidency 
should go to the party with the 
most deputies, namely the 
RPR. He said M Chaban- 
Delmas, having held the post 
twice before, should be the 


right's candidate as he had the 
necessary experience. 

M Chaban-Delmas, who 
tike M Giscard dTEstaing was 
once considered a possible 
candidate for the prime 
minister’s post, said: “I know 
the work well Pve already 
done it Cor 12 or 1 3 years". But 
he was quick to add: “I’m not 
seeking a post Pve already 
had many in my life." 

Meanwhile, M Giscard 
d’Estai ng has been calling for 
“a striking demonstration of 
the union of the right by the* 


designation of a UDF member 
as president of the National 
Assembly”. But like M 
Chaban-Delmas he rays he is 
not seeking the presidency for 
himself 

Tensions between the RPR 
and its junior partner, the 
UDF, have already begun to. 
arise over the way the Gauli- 
ists seem to have taken the 
most important mmisrenaT. 
posts. ■■ _ . . 

The new coalition; never- 
theless, is in no immediate 
danger of splitting. 


The siqjporters of M - Ray- 
mond Barre, who before the 
elections indicated they would 
not support a “government of 
cohabitation", have now giv- 
en unconditional support , to 
the policies of The Govern- 
ment while reaffirming their 
foyalty to MBan^ •. \ 

M Jean-Marie Le Pen, lead- 
er of the extreme^nghtNation- 
a( Front,said ft was "very 
unlikely" thatthe 35 National 
Frtmt deputies would vote' for 
either man as it would enable 
laws to be passed by decree* 


Corsica bomb blasts 


With tiie extra seat won bj 


Paris — Three bombs de- 
stroyed the restaurant and 
kitchen of a tourist complex at 
Porticdo in southern Corsica 
(Susan MacDonald writes). 

Four German holiday-mak- 
ers and a staff member and his 
family were held hostage for 
several hoars by four armed 
and masked men prior to the 
explosion on Saturday night. 


No one was injured in the 
bombing 

It was the first time this 


tourist complex has been hit 
even though others woe tar- 
gets last year. 

The attack followed, the 
Corsican R^kmal Council 
elections on Friday when the 
right-wing Gaullist RPR re- 
tuned the pnatidency. 

Despite the island's special 
status, accorded in 1982 and 
designed to give Corsica great- 
er autonomy, the bom Wag is' 
thought to be a warning (hat 
the extremist straggle for In^ 
dependence will continue. 


lheRPR in Sunday's run-o 
election in Wallis and Futuna, 
the moderate right parties now 
have 291 seats in ihe Assem- 
bly, an- overall majority of 
three. The Socialists, who won 
an extra seal at the weekend in 


-St Pierre and Miquelon, now 
have 207 seats, the Commu- 


nists 35 and the diverse left 


seven; 

In the regional elections, the 
right has won control of 20 of 
the 22 regions in metropolitan 
France but has had to depend 
on the support ofthe National 
Front in eight of those regions. 


UK-Spain extradition deal 
seals off crime bolt-hole 


From Richard Wigg, Madrid 


From July 1 no one com- 
mitting a crime in Britain will 
be able to think of Spain as a 
boll-hole, or vice versa. 

That is the firm intention of 
the two Governments, which 
signed the instrument of ratifi- 
cation Of a new extradition 
treaty here yesterday. A statu- 
tory period must elapse before 
it comes into effect this 
summer. 

“Today's signing ends a 
long period in which the 
Governments of Spain and 
Britain were unable to collab- 
orate on the handing over of 
wanted criminals,” Senor Fer- 
nando Ledesma, the Spanish 
Justice Minister, said after the 
ratification document was 
signed by Lord Nicholas Gor- 
don Lennox, the British Am- 
bassador in Madrid, and 
Senor Francisco Fernandez 
Ordonez, the Spanish Foreign 
Minister. 

The treaty closes an eight 
year gap since the 1878 extra- 
dition treaty was allowed to 
lapse by the Franco regime, 
which argued that British 


court procedures made it vir- 
tually impossible to secure the 
delivery of wanted Spaniards. 

Senor Ledesma, who signed 
the treaty in London last July 
with Mr Leon Brittan,- then 
Home Secretary, looked for- 
ward yesterday to a new phase 
marked by a willingness on 
both sides to co-operate and 
negotiate on any difficulties. 
He promised that Spanish 
officials would see to it that 
the new arrangements func- 
tioned satisfactorily. 

The treaty must first "be 
ratified by each country’s 
Parliament. It was held up for 
several weeks in the Spanish 
Senate by pressure of other 
legislation. 

It applies to crimes liable to 
prison sentences of more than 
one year, including terrorism 
and financial crime. Spanish 
police will.be able to bold 
those wanted by Britain for up 
to 40 days 

The treaty is not retroactive, 
however, and cannot affect the 
100 or so Britons reportedly 
living on the Costa del Sol and 


other Spanish resorts who are 
wanted for murder and armed 
robbery in Britain, including 
the £25 million 'Heathrow 
airport robbery of 1983. 

A dozen wanted men living 
in southern Spain have been 
served with expulsion orders 
under the new Aliens Law, but 
there have been bureaucratic 


delays and the orders can still 
be cnall 


llenged in the Spanish 
courts. . - 

Seilor Jose Bamonuevo. the 
Interior Minister; insisted re- 
cently that. Spain was deter- 
mined “to make life diffi cult” 
for British criminals. 

When asked about Scotland 
Yard complaints that some of 
those wanted had been able to 
disappear, he said that both 
British and Spanish police 
sometimes lost trace of wast- 
ed men. 

Spain does not have enough 
police to keep an effective 
watch. Even if Madrid expels 
a Briton he cannot be forced to 
return home and can choose a 
retreat further -from the atten- 
tions of the British press: 


Arthit told 


to retire 


in August 


Naked worshippers lay bare dignity of police and press 


From Michael Hamlyn 
Delhi 

Each year devotees of the 
Hindu goddess, Renukadevi, 
gather on tbe banks of the 
Varada river ht Karnataka, 
strip and parade naked for 24 
miles to an ancient temple. 

They have been doing it for 
centuries, but recently the 
festival has become the centre 
of unenviable attention from 
the media and do-gooders 
anxious to reform the practice. 

At the weekend the festival 
went soar as thousands of 
pilgrims turned on their tor- 


mentors from the press, a 
group of social workers and 
i the police, forcibly stripped 
them and paraded them 
through tbe dusty village 
streets. 

AH through the week devo- 
tees had been pouring into the 
tiny village of Chundragntri in 
preparation for the three-day 
festival. They camped round 
the bullock carts that had 
brought them to the riverside. 

Early in tbe morning thou- 
sands of them entered the river 
for tbe dip and plunge that 
cleanses both body and souL 


then began to head for the 
temple. 


They were surrounded at 
this point by a cordon of social 
workers who urged them not to 
go any further naked, but to 
complete their journey fully 
clothed. 


They went so far as to try to 
drape a few women to restore a 
modicum of Indian modesty. 
Tbe crowd did not like that 
and, after an hour of argu- 
ment, the social workers were 
outnumbered by the throng of 
nudists. 


Then a middle-aged woman 
without a stitch on finally 
broke through tbe social 
workers' cordon and made for 
tbe temple, at which point the 
fanatics took over and at- 
tacked all those whom they 
thought were opposed to nude 
worship. 

The first to be attacked were 
the press photographers, then 
tbe crowd turned on the social 
workers and the police, osten- 
sibly there to keep order. They 
were stripped and beaten and 
forced to walk naked to the 
temple- 


Unhappiesi of all were some 
policewomen, who bad their 
uniforms ripped off, and who 
were put on the bonnet of a 
Jeep and then driven around 
the village, sobbing with 
humiliation. 


trouble had been stirred up by 
hooligans from. tire Congress 
(I) Party, hoping to provoke 
tire police and thereby discred- 
it tbe state government, which 
is under Janata, party control 


Next day the state Home 
Minister, Mr B. Rachaiah, 
congratulated tbe police for 
their self-control in not Lathi- 
charging nor opening fire on 
the crowd. 


He announced the setting ap 
of a magisterial inquiry, 
which, he said, would bear this 
out 


This being India, be tried to 
pot a political gloss on the 
affair, insinuating ffia* the 


“I am not giving a political 
colour to the. .violent 
inci dents, ’? he said, gfaimmf; 
that the event was staged to 
discredit, the Karnataka 

government 


From Neff Kelly 
Bangkok 

The Thai Government yes- 
terday tenoned strident de- 
mands from the Army . and 
refused to extend the military 
service of General Arthit 
KamlangrEk, the Army Com- 
mander- i n-Oi ie £ 

The Thai Prime Minister, 
General Prem Tinsulanonda, 
said, the ..Government could 
not run the country if .it was 
afraid of the military. He said 
it wouTd.to against the princi- 
ples, of .fairness and correct- 
ness to extend General 
Arthifs. service for a second 
time. He would therefore have 
to retire at the - end of August 
on reaching the age of 61. He 
could then -serve the nation in 
some other capacity. - . 

■ The Army's reaction was. 
being awaited, with Some un- 
easiness bat generally .it was 
believed hr Bangkok that the 
Government iwuld prevail 

Reports of preparations for 
an 'Army rebellion a gainct . xbe 
Government swept. Rarigkok 
before and after yesterday’s 
announcement tot there was 
no sign of military activity in 
the capital ■ " . ■ - 

Last week two of the.most 
senior generals warned the 
Government that people were 
ratiess anti there might be 
Trouble if General Arthit was 
foteto to retire. The general, 
totoself,. however, has said he 
Will accept tte'Gfovemment’s 
decision. . 

f . General Artful's service was 
extended last year because it 
was claimed be was needed io 
maintain • national security 
and tto unity of. the armed, 
forces. Smuiar reasons have 
P^ pmTorward thi< year; 

General Artoit's' retirement 
is ;seen a$ a setback to his 
Prospect* ’.of becoming the 
next prime minister. ' 


Journalist 
told to go 


Singapore (Reuter) — A 
Reuter correspondent. Miss 


Marilyn Odchimar, aged 31. 
has been 


asked to leave 

Sk^apore 

She quoted a survivor of 
jast weefc’s hotel collapse as 
saying that a rescue worker 
liad demanded money from a 
dying woman. 


Freak storm 


Tokyo (UPI) - A freak 
spring - snowstorm with ty- 
phoon-force' winds cut 
Tokyo's electrical power, 
caused a train crash, whipped 
. up high seas and left at least 1 3 
people dead and 330 others 
injured in. accidents. - 


$lm offer 


Fh2addphia (UPI) r- The 
manufacturers of Contac, 
Tpldrin and - Dietac have in- 
creased, to nearly SI million 
their reward for information 
leading to -tire -arrest and 
conviction of whoever. planted 
ratptrisonintheir drugs. 


Debut death 


'K U dL a iw 

r-otd Yciicuwuu w«.i, 
__«orio Padrino, has died of 
head injuries received during 
^ professional debut against 
ff«m«nghr : Acjuilcs Guzmqn, 
te fost on points. 


Fatal rocket 


. Valencia (AFP) — A rocket 
in.. .a .fireworks j display at 
jSueea, eastern. Spain, explod- 
ed among spectators instead 
of soaring skywards, killing a 
38-year-ok) mail and injuring 
-29 people, eight seriously. 

Killer sho w 


- Oslo (Reuter)— A man aged 
44 -was tolled When an ava- 
lanche hit the central Norwe- 
gian village of Fokkstua. 
burying* hint and four com- 
panions, who were unhurt. 


Joint exercise 


Si George’s (Reuter) — Gre- 
nada is to lake part part with 
the United States and some 
Caribbean countries in a jorai 
security exercise later ibis 
month. 


Crime drive 


Taipei (Reuter) - The Tai- 
wan Government has ordered 
more than 110,000 of the 
island's 340,000 companies to 
dose down in an effort Jo 
crack down on commercial 
crime. 


Wine toll 


. Lecoo, Italy (Reuter) - The 
toll of victims poisoned by 
wine adulterated with methyl 
alcohol has risen to six, with 
the death of a 48-year-old 
man. 


Fanatics clash 


Lagos (Reuter) — Nine peo- 
ple have been injured during 
clashes in the central town of 
florin between Christians and 
Muslim fanatics, sparked off 
when a Palm Sunday proces- 
sion of Christians passed 
through a Muslim area. 


Island threat 


Saint-Denis (Reuter) — The 
Foumaise volcano .on the 
French Indian Ocean island of 
Reunion belched streams of 
boiling lava as officials 
worked to .evacuate threat-: 
ened villages. 


Haiti request 


Rio de Janeiro (Reuter) - 
Haiti has requested the extra- 
ction of tbe former Port-au- 
Pnnce police chief, Mr Alben 
Ptorre, who fled to Brazil after 
tire downfall of President 
Jean-Claude Dnvalier.” 


Wrong body 


Bohn (Reuter) - Undertak- 
ers who mistakenly buried a 
°“ , ;^ e 88ed tramp in a 
millionaire's coffin, while the 
nghtful owner lay on a mortn- 
aiy slab fora week, filed suit in 
a "pnn court to recover costs 
and p*n the blame elsewhere. 


Street blitz 


Cairo (Reuter) - A retired 
Egyptian police general 
opened indiscriminate fire on 
pedestrians from his balcony, 
wounding two passers-by be- 
fore police shot him dead. ■ 

Rebels jailed 

^ Jakarta (Renter) — tW 
Mutimi extremists were jailed 

Malang.’ Java 
or tombing a^omaaCatho- 
nc church, a. Buddhist temple 
21* tou ™a buv in, which 
s^en people were killed. 



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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


OVERSEAS NEWS 


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- The British Government 
" basbeeo given three weeks to 

- detail • its objections to a 

* manuscript by a former MIS 
■ 'spy catcher which it is trying to 

- have suppressed in Australia. 

The crrder by tbe New South 
-Wales Supreme Court-yester- 
day cleared the .way for an 

- early bearing after more than 
six months' of legal manoeu- 

‘ vring in the. case in which 

- Britain is seeking an injunc- 
tion preventing the- Australian 
branch . of William 
Heihemann from publishing 
the memoirs of Mr Peter 
Wright. - ' 

Mr Wright, who retired 
from Hie security service . IQ 

- years ago and lives in-Tasma- 
'• nia, caused a furore when he 

said during a Granada Televi- 

- si on programme in 1 984 that 
„ he was virtually certain that. 

* ‘Sir Roger Hollis,- his former 
' "boss, was a Soviet agent. 

’ Britain launched its attempt 
to prevent publication in Aus- 
tralia of the Wnght memoirs 
last year in an affidavit sworn 
by Sir Robert Armstrong, the 
i -Cabinet Secretary, in which it 

- :is alleged that the information 

- -Mr Wright has to impart is 
. still bound by -.the Official 

Secrets Act. 


F rom Stephen Taylor, Sydney: 

‘ ;jn court here yesterday, Mr 
Malcokti Turnbull, appearing 
for' Heinemann Australia and 
Mr Wright, said the defen- 
dants maintained that much* . 
of the material in the maun’ 
script was already in the 
public domain -and that tbere 
wasnothing which coiildh aSr . 
sista hostile power... . - - .«’■ 

1 What Jthere was,' headded, ; 
wtemfammtion rfesfeg with - 

- “crimes .-and iniquities", * 
which should be published on 
tire ground' that -it was-ih the- 
public interest. 

Fifteen of the l8cfaapters of 
manuscript had already been 
forwarded to the authorities in 
Britain, with an affidavit 
sworn by Mr Wright' to this' 
effect. The defendants were 
' willing to have the remaining - 
three chapters delivered to 
: lawyers acting for the Govern- 
ment and Sir Michael Havers, 
the Attorney-General, but 
wanted the bisections .to the 
memoirs particularized. 

Mr Turnbull said there were 

- two mam issues. The first was 
:the question of cobtrad, 

whether hi fact the M15 man 
had had a' contract with the 
Crown: at alL. The second was 
confidentiality. 


- - “If tie p laintiffs w3T say 
what in the. manuscript is 
confidential- we will say why 
we think it is not.” . 

Mr William Caldwell, for 
.the .Government, requested 
more time for preparation of 
pfeiadings, in effect listing its 
objections, saying the stipulat- 
ed time was ^ust not enough 
when tiie case involves oveiv 
seas bonri’hatrons”. 

But Mr Justice Powell said 
it was “time to get the matter 
into the marketplace”. The 
case had its own problems, he 
added, such as whether Aus- 
tralia should be concerning 
itself with what was in the 
public interest in Britain. 

- He issued directives requir- 
ing the defendants to deliver 
the remainder of the manu- 
script by April 2, and requir- 
ing the Government to submit 
its objections by April 16. The 
hearing was adjourned until 
April 28. - 

In the Granada programme 
Mr’ Wright, who headed the* 
Hollis inquiry and spent about 
i5 jeans investigating Soviet 
^penetration of British intelli- 
gence, said hewas “99 per cent 
certain” that Sir Rgger had 
. spied for the-Russiaps. - 



saichu blocking a highway leading to Batala in Punjab. Two people were shot dead near the riot-scarred town yesterday 


Tamil 


From Michael Hamlyn 
Delhi 

Sri Lankan Tamils in exile 
in India are openly urging Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, the Prime Min- 
ister, to send his forces to the 
island to end what they call 
“the ongoing process of 
genocide”. . . . 

The exiles- daim that the 
only way genocide can be 
stopped “and a just and 


lasting settlement achieved is 
by a humanitarian military 
Intervention by India as the 
regional power". 

They say the Sri Lankan 
Government's unilateral ces- 
sation of bombing by its 
armed forces would be mean- 
ingless unless its troops and 
auxiliaries were withdrawn or 
an Indian peace-keeping force’ 
sent to Sri Lanka. 


Other Tamil exiles, notably 
Mr Appapillai Amirthal- 
ingham, the general secretary 
of the Tamil United Libera- 
tion Front, have compared the 
situation in Sri Lanka to that 
in east Bengal during the 
struggle for liberation from the 
West Pakistan Government. 
On that occasion, India 
intervened militarily on the 
side of the rebels. 


Thousands face deportation 

Selfish deal with 


J ; From John Best Toronto 

Sikhs in Canada have been lost on a rgnadiaw ethnic and 
convulsed by a recent dedsfoa religi ons community grown in- 
of the Conservative Govern*: - creasingjy -sceptical. If not 
. ment to resume deporting east paranoid, about its acceptance 
Indians Irving here in defiance by the rest of Canadian 


./of Canadian taw. 

~ Theyseeitasanexaxnpleof 
' stiffening official attitudes, 
and suspect that it was/taken 


2UHI »U3)KU Uiai n Dj » afiCIW 1 wmi 

either in collusion withlndian denyfegthe rightofCanatfian 
authorities or to ingratiate the. National Railways yard work- 
Canadian Government with era to wear a turban instead of 
Delhi, or both. diehard hat required by CNR 

- As many as 2£00 Indians, regulations. For Canadians 

- most of them Sikhs, face generally, the case meant 
.deportation as a result of the BOthfog. For Sikhs it was like 
• lifting of a mbratorimn . in a stab in the throat. 

. effect since the storming ofthe “Religioas rights of the 

■ Golden Temple at Amntsar in, Sikhs have been violated,” 


j* - i • • 

A-'.*. V- 


June 1984. thundered ope leader, Mr 

Sikh spokennea have main- Mohinder Singh GdsaL “The 
tained that m trading the- ttmnmmity.- has. been thrown 
moratorium, which* was first, bare into the cold rfreet” 
imposed out ofcoutfUaeuen for . . Sikhs. also -adfege , that the 
Italians who feared re - tinn i ng Indian High Ctinunissto^ here 

; • ' ■ - > " J ■■ and consubdes across Canada 

** — '•' > have been’, trying to infiltrate 
OlKllS III ' Sikb leadership cadres for 
a - j ■ destabilization surd discord- 
uanaua '• The High Commission 
D _ . ry haughtily dismissed the accn- 

w. ran, c. sation which, however, gained 

a degree of. verisimilitude 

-to * Pimjab hom elyrf cao^t SSr My 

- “P ip ethnic strife, aichoclivityos inappropriate. 

FortbeFP^beoteooBdeo 


Sikhs in 
Canada 

Part 2 


j - j-Qj. me recora, neawmaut » 

interrogation by lama polwe, ^ ttfiing his hosts that 

to jaiL lortureand even death. ram , dign gikbs me law- 
Most or^maHy mme_ to ,bd peacefoL u Uis foe 

vku reiatives^ffien B y no ^ that4ronW« us alL?’ 
-■applied for refugee rfatus^o ^ straggles of the Sikh 
. that they could s^y- conmnmity m Canada have 

'&*¥**' often tnroed ngly. Two peopIe 

it>‘ being to ^veuutt ^ wh eia a dispute 

they wonld be ” between rival factions erupted 

persecution if they returnee to ^ito a Toronto courtroom in 
India. • 1980. Two Sah demonstra- 

Sikh leaders have made m ^ a poficeraan were 

- repeated wounded in shooting ctaring a 

have the Canadian decision outside the Indian 

- rescinded, but to no avad. Cp^gte here in 1982. Typi- 
. They have hired a lawyer to « gyjj leaders' acoised 

- ■hmiib it fnrtllW . . T -r .Muinlr. 


pursue it farther* - * 

Sikhs appear convinced that 
the move was orchestrated by 
the Delhi Government and 


consulate officials of provok- ; 
ing the clash: - • 

Soch incidents have helped 


ZggeEPm. 

Min£? of Ext«- “Vwtaice fe tMo mcrt by 

pal A?toP.Tkfr joe Chit »U sarfJ^J|>^der 

Dnrme that trip he went out Singh, a feader of tb e Toron tp 
' 'of his way to show Canada's community. Bid if Jjjstk* ® 

■ *M S "r» hi ilahvMl. vifllcUWe Will COinC- 


dr^r^an extiaditiontreaty; Ifoes .toe ““^^in^iSf 
aed he pledged that Canadian ptay of forces and toyate 
fo^lfeaire would work with whfchtngsal^mtojs^^ 
SS^vicesto cannier Andrt makes other Canadians 
Sikh extremism. wonder. ^ 

Now of this, of course, was Conduded 


Four killed in 

mass escape 
from Sind jail; 

- - From Hasan Akhtar 
_ Islamabad 

’ At least four people, foduj 
■ fog a warder, have been wiled 
and many more wom&d J 
’ shooting during a jarioreax in 
Sukfcur, in central Sind. • 
Thirty-five condemned 
prisonere escaped whenaboiU 

50 armed men scaled the 
elecirified fence, oveipo^Kl 

• smff and broke open theodls- 

... h is not yel known whether 
.'political prisoners were 
-among the escapers, three of 
whom were recaptured. • - 
The jail supermten^u W 
among thi« ; w-ounded on 
$undav, and is cnticafil “1- 
No arrests hare been made-^ 

“ . There has rexendy 
upsuree of vudence in Sad, 
•'the province of ihe executed 
.former Prime Mmister, Mr 

Zalfikar AfilBhuttp. . 


Police told to 
shoot on sight 
in Bangladesh 

Dhaka A curfew and 
orders to shoot on , sight have; 
been ordered in the sdath- 
eastern Bangladesh town ot 
Syihet after medical students, 
clashed with . local 
peorfe(Ahmed Fazl vmt^). - 

Tte town’s police dnef said 
yesterday that residents and 
shopkeepers armed- witii 
knives and sticks, had at- 
tacked a medical college inthe 
town, about 240 miles from 
here, inprotest against stu- 
dents who forced; shops _ to 
close during an opposition 
strike call on Saturday. 

• CabmfitreshnHtePresioent 
trshad haifoduced his Chbi- j 
net to nine after 18 ministers i 
resigned- for. parliamentary 
elections (Reuter reports). _ . 
- v The key defence, foreign 
affairs and infonnarion posts 
were retained. ' ■ ; . 







But Mr Gandhi has ruled 
out the possibility of any 
armed invasion by his forces. 

India, however, is using hs 
diplomatic muscle to bring 
pressure against the Sri Lan- 
kan Government. The “good- 
offices” efforts of India 
remain suspended and West- 
ern governments are being 
influenced to reduce contacts 
with the Sri Lankans. 


TT 


India not 
bound by 
offer on 
Bhopal 

Delhi (Reuter) — India Is not 
bound by a proposed settle- 
ment with the US-based 
•Union Carbide company that 
could give Bhopal poison gas 
disaster victims up to $o0§ 
million (about £400 million), 
Mr Asoke Sen, the Indian 
Law Minister, said yesterday. 

The minister did not cate- 
gorically reject the settlement, 
announ ced by Union Carbide 
on Sunday, but he said it was 
not an agreement between the 
iniHnn Government and the 
company. 

“The Indian Government 
win not recognize agreements 
arrived at by private parties,” 
Mr Sen said, referring to a law 
passed last year giving his 
government the sole right to 
me suits against Union Car- 
bide. India had agreed to' be 
part of the class action suit, 
meaning that all the cases are 
heard as one, bnt insisted that 
it atone was the representative 
of all the claimants at hearings 
in New York. 

The settlement announced 
by Union Carbide was agreed 
between the company and 
American lawyers represent- 
ing plaintiffs from BbopaL 

More than 2,000 people 
died and 200,000 were injured 
in December 1984 when a 
dood of methyl isocyanate gas 
leaked from a pesticides plant 
owned by Union Carbide’s 
In dian subsidiary. 






society. v " f ■ 

■ Not long-before, Sikhs ha l — 
been distressed and infuriated I 
by * Supreme Court, ndingl ! 


GENERATION. 


Ofthe 1. 1 million dwellings unfit for 
human habitation in the UK, 

half are inhabited by elderly people. 

One household in seven is an old 
person living alone. 

1800 old people were victims of 

violent crime. 

Half a million have no living relatives. 

1.5 million have no regular visitors. 

Nearly 2 million depend entirely on 
supplementary benefit. 

In 1985, 571 old people died in 

their homes from the cold. 

These facts paint a grim picture of what it can mean to be old in Britain today. Help the Aged is 
to improving this situation by campaigning for better pensions and heating allowances. Funding 
Day Centres, Day Hospitals and Hospices. Providing emergency alarm systems and minibuses. 

To find out more about our work, or if you would like to make a donation, please write to: 
John Mayo OBE, Director-General, Help the Aged, St. James’s Walk, London ECI R QBE. | 


Help the Aged 

25TH ANNIVERSARY APPEAL 

PATRON: HRH The Princess of Wales. 





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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


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THE ARTS 

The leading theatre openings before Easter Sheridan Morley, in New 
York, interviews Larry Kramer (right), author of The Normal Heart, 
the AIDS play starting at the Royal Court tonight; and Lynne Truss 
meets Lesley Mackie, star of the musical Judy at the Strand 

Drama of rage and despair 


Television 

Stain of 
darkness 

In a programme which was not 
altogether easy to watch. Ho- 
rizon (BBC2) traced the 
progress of AIDS from its 
juvenile life as an “obscure 
medical curiosity" to its 
present status as "one of the 
most lethal and perplexing" 
diseases of modem times. The 
single most important point 
about this disease, however, is 
that h has generated anxiety 
and outrage out of all propor- 
tion to its actual danger to the 
national population. 

Why this should be so is not 
difficult to guess and last 
night's programme confirmed 
that, although it is not a 
venereal disease, it is predomi- 
nately associated hi the public 
mind with sex — largely 
homosexual sex and always 
promiscuous sex. So for the 
prurient or the puritanical it 
carries a doable stain of 
darkness, and the fact that it is 
associated with drag-taking 
only confirms its role as some 
‘'dirty" disease connected with 
the illicit gratification of anti- 
social desires. 

Of course this is morbid 
nonsense — and dangerous 
nonsense too. since it increases 
the anxieties of those who may 
already he furtive about, or 
ashamed of, their sexuality. 

Thai is why a documentary 
such as this can be important. 
Its general tone was. as always 
in this series, dispassionate 
and this was also significant: 
the structure and incidence of 
the virus were examined in 
some detail, and in the process 
certain convenient myths were 
knocked on the head. It be- 
came dear, for example, that 
the disease may only be inci- 
dentally related to homosexual 
men. since by all accounts 
there are some 10 million 
sufferers, both male and fe- 
male. in Central Africa — a 
region which can hardly be 
described as “gay". Another 
unsettling item of information 
to emerge from this account 
was the fact that the virus 
might also destroy the brain 
cells of those who have been 
infected. 

And yet even within this 
careful exegesis there did 
creep in from time to time a 
certain apocalyptic strain, no- 
ticeable in some of the inter- 
views with sufferers as well as 
in long-term projections of the 
disease. It is easy to under- 
stand why such material was 
included but. even so, it does 
encourage a sensationalism 
which is. under the circum- 
stances. unnecessary. One can 
get that sensationalism in the 
popular newspapers, and any- 
one can speculate; what is 
really needed is simple 
information. 

Peter Ackrovd 


Early last year two very differ- 
ent AIDS memoirs opened in 
New York, both dealing with 
what had already become the 
plague-panic of homosexual 
communities there and else- 
where. The one that opened 
on Broadway to generally 
more respectable and respect- 
ful reviews was William 
Hoflrnan’s .-ir Is. a 90-minute 
closet drama of extreme good 
taste which managed to pussy- 
foot around its awful subject 
so successfully that even the 
uptown Manhattan matrons 
remained unappalled. 

Downtown at Joe Japp's 
Public Theatre, and in stark 
contrast, was Larry Kramer’s 
The Normal Heart, a great cry 1 
of dramatic and journalistic 
rage at the way the AIDS 
catastrophe has been handled 
by and in New York City. 
Where As Is names no names. 
The Normal Heart indicts 
Mayor Koch, President Rea- 
gan, the Sen York Times and 
sundry other public monu- 
ments for coming too little 
and too late to the rescue of a 
gay community that had al- 
ready been decimated. 

And intriguingly, it is The 
Normal Heart that seems to 
have captured audiences out- 
side New York; it has already 
had 10 regional productions in 
America, another half-dozen 
are planned abroad. Barbra 
Streisand has bought the mov- 
ie rights (and intends not only 
to produce and direct but also 
play the doctor with hopes of 
Dustin Hoffman in the central 
role) while tonight Larry 
Kramer's drama opens at the 
Royal Court with the Ameri- 
can film star Martin Sheen 
making his London stage 
debut 

Taking its title from a poem 


by W.H. Auden which also 
includes the line "all I have is 
a voice to undo the folded lie”. 
The Normal Heart is at least in 
part autobiographical: Kra- 
mer himself is a fiftyish 
screenwriter and novelist who 
co-founded an organization 
called Gay Men’s Health Cri- 
sis and, like his hero, was 
eventually forced out of it for 
shouting too loudly in his 
political and social rage 
against what he still sees as a 
deeply anti-gay establishment 
in the United States. Talking 
to him in his book-stacked 
a pan men t high above Wash- 
ington Square, I wondered 
how the play had started, and 
when? 

“In July 1981 I suddenly 
became aware of friends get- 
ting mysteriously ill on Fire 
Island, a gay beach communi- 
ty which seems now, like 
Fitzgerald’s French Riviera, to 
belong to an altogether lost 
world. People I knew were 
suddenly dying and nobody, 
knew how or why; what’s 
more, nobody seemed to want 
to find out They were almost 
literally burying their heads in 
the sand. I guess that was 
when gay politics began taking 
up more of my time than - 
writing.” 

Born in Connecticut and 
educated in Washington, Kra- 
mer got his first job as a story 
editor with Columbia Pictures 
and came over to. London 
with them for the whole of the 
1960s: 

“My father and brother 
were lawyers, but from the 
time I went to Yale I knew I 
wanted to write, so I went as a 
messenger boy to the William 
Morris agency at 20 dollars a 
week and from there Mike 
Frankovich took me over to 


London with Columbia. I 
spent most of my time setting 
up the film of Women in Love , 
and when eventually the Co- 
lumbia deal on that fell a pan I 
left them and spent all my own 
money buying back the option 
and commissioning David 
Mercer to do the screenplay. 

“What he delivered was 
altogether more Marxist than 
anything D.H. Lawrence ever 
considered, so at this point I 
had no screenplay, no director 
and all of my own money 
locked up in the option. I 
couldn't afford to get another 
writer so I then wrote the 
script myself. and after it had 
been turned down by Peter 
Brook and Jack Gayton and 
Stanley Kramer I took it to 
Ken Russell and the rest I 
guess you know." 

Determined now to become 
a writer rather than a produc- 
er. Larry Kramer returned to 
New York in the early 1970s 
and wrote six or seven other 
screenplays that somehow 
never got in front of the 
cameras, as well as a best- 
selling gay novel called Fag- 
gots. It was at this point that 
he first became conscious of 
the deaths on Fire Island: 

“And here we are. almost 
five years on, with everything 
still getting worse. When my 
play first opened in New York 
the Times there ran a dis- 
claimer under the review, 
denying that they had ever 
tried to ignore the AIDS issue, 
and certainly they are now 
doing some major reporting of 
it. But there is still a feeling 
here in America that senior 
politicians want the whole 
issue played as far down as 
possible. President Reagan 
has still not uttered the word 
AIDS in any public statement. 


and work on the vaccine is still 
desperately under-funded. 
There’s a conspiracy of si- 
lence, and when we were in 
rehearsal they had lawyers 
from the Nevf York Times and 
the Mayor's office checking us 
out for libel. They say that 
Koch goes green whenever my 
play is mentioned, and in 
retaliation, when it Ursk 
opened and he was - asked 
about what he thought of it, he 
would simply tell everyone to 
go see As Is instead." 

What makes Kramer’s play 
so much more dangerous than 
As Is is the feet that be sees 
AIDS as a political rather than 
a medical or social issue: 
where Arthur Miller, when he 
wished to attack McCarthy- 
ism in The Crucible, went 
back three hundred years to 
find an historical parallel in 
the witch-hunts of Salem, 
Kramer stays firmly ih the 
present and indeed paints 
across the back walls of his set 
the names and numbers of 
those who have died. He also 
draws uneasy and debatable 
comparisons between the 
treatment of gays in 1980s 
America and that of Jews in 
1930s Europe: 

“I want to make people cry. 
It's as simple as that. AIDS is 
the saddest thing I shall ever 
have to know in my lifetime, 
and this is a play about the 
need for us to stand up and be 
counted. It's a play about a 
whole community threatened 
by prejudice, by fear, by 
intolerance and by an increas- 
ing conservatism." 

But, although it is m that 
sense a very American play, 
Kramer could notin feet have 
written it had be not found 
himself three summers ago at 



the National Theatre , in 
London: 

"1 went one night to see 
David Hare’s A Map of the 
World and it was only then 
that I realized hcrw to write 
The Normal Heart. You have 
to remember that we have no 
-tradition in America of con- 
temporary political plays. No- 
body ever mentions Reagan 
on Broadway; or the state of 
the nation; but here in David 
Hare's work I found actors on 
a stage actually talking about 
Mrs Thatcher, about the cur- 
rent state of government m 
England, and 1 realized how to 
do it 

“That doesn't mean Normal 
Heart has made things any 
better the gay community in 
New York is still hopelessly 


hostile world. Mayor Koch 
meanwhile goes' on as if the 
problem doesn’t exist, and 
money for research is still for 
too slow and limited Not that 
things seem any .better in 
England: I once marched- in a 
Gay Pride rally there and iz 
was pathetic. About three 
thousand people at most, and 
in the ram at that Every 
summer here in New York we 
at least manage to get a 
hundred and fifty thousand 
people on the match for gay 
rights. - 

“The Normal Heart iwas- 
written out of rage and resent- 
ment and despair, both at the 
way the non-gay world was 
treating AIDS as if it didn’t 
really affect rt, and ax the way 
gays were refusing all the 


divided politically, and they militant options. And the rage 
still can’t get themselves to- and resentment and despair 
wards any kind of coherent are stiH there, ifanythragmore 
attitude to the outside and still deeply felt now than ever;" 


‘I do have a lot of sympathy for Judy, though I’m sure she would have driven me crazy’ 



Getting the essence: Lesley 
Mackie as Judy Garland 


“I am such a yack", apologises 
Lesley Mackie. before she explodes 
in another high-pitched raucous 
cackle. The tiny Scots actress has a 
lot to talk about at the moment. 

Having spent the majority of her 
12 years in the theatre playing 
“characterful juves” and “comedy 
maids" in provincial rep. she now 
finds herself at 33 starring in a West 
End musical — Judy, based on the 
life of Judy Garland opening at the 
Strand tomorrow. 

She and Judy look from the 
outside like a couple of swells, 
striding in arm-in-arm, flushed with 
the success of a run at Greenwich. 
In feci the history of the play is like 
one of those Garland-Rooney 
showbiz fairy-tales. It was written 
by her actor-husband Terry Wale 
when they were both out of work in 


1984. Leslie Mackie had by then 
done a couple of provincial produc- 
tions of Pam Gems's Piaf. she 
thought she would never find 
another part so tailor-made for her. 
So her husband wrote a play about 
Judy Garland. “Judy's the only 
other legend apart from Piaf who is 
five-feet-nothing." 

The play passed more or less 
unnoticed in its first productions in 
Worcester and Bristol, but at Green- 
wich both ft and Mackie got a good 
deal of attention. In feet the reviews 
from Greenwich mean that the 
Strand can proclaim her perfor- 
mance as “a tour de force 1 " and 
describe her as “a blazing theatrical 
personality” even before the show 
opens. But. while such Press trib- 
utes may do wonders for the box- 
office, they must also put a huge 
strain on the star. 


Her biggest worry is about the 
strain on her voice. She does 16 
songs in the show, from the young 
Garland's film numbers like “Over 
the Rainbow” and "The. Trolley 
Song" to the slow balids of the later 
concert career. 

“I have to go through from age 14 
to 47 — and even Judy was never 
asked to do that I don’t imperson- 
ate her; there’s no way you could do 
an impersonation to coverall those, 
years. In the speaking I do go as near 
as I can to her real voice; but as fer 
as the singing goes I thought it 
would be silly to copy, because she 
us inimitable. 

“What I have done is copied her 
technique, like her breathing habits. 
She had asthma as a child, and in 
the songs she used to breathe in the 
most extraordinary places. She also 


had an ‘s* feull, and her vowels were 
quite unusual; she often sounded 
more English, than American.. I 
incorporate these things in the 
singing, and the idea is that.peaple 
might think frhal reminds me of 
Judy Garland* not ‘that’s somebody 
trying to copy her’. What I set out to 
do was to gCt .the essence of the 
woman. 

■ “I do bavea lot of sympathy for 
Judy, though Tm sure if Fd known 
her she .would have driven me 
crazy. Even her friends had to walk 
away in the end, because she needed 
more love than anyone iscapabfcof 
giving. 

"Every time she came On stage 
she was proving she could fight 
back, proving she had made it -this 
time.' There 3 * no such thing as a 
happy legend." 


Concerts 

LS/Masson 
Festival Hall 
Bookspace 

This was the London Sin- 
fonietta's farewell to the GLC. 
but noL one hopes. 10 the kind 
of informal music-making 
ihat the partnership of orches- 
tra and local authority has 
made possible. There must be 
many people who would be 
wary of committing them- 
selves to a two-hour con cert of 
new and unknown music, but 
who were happy to drop in for 
a taste of this weekend of 
recitals and talks. Similarly 
there is a great deal of contem- 
porary music that is not much 
helped b> the rigidities of 
normal concert-giving. 

Among the events on offer 
were a performance of Pierrot 
iunairc by Linda Hirst and an 
evening focused on the music 
ofGyorgy Kurtag. but my own 
tasting was of Sunday ‘after- 
noon's programme including 
three first performances of 
works by Michael Rosen- 
zweig. I had not been much 
impressed by the Symphony 
in One Movement of his that 
was played at the Barbican 
four months ago. but some- 
thing of the piece was still 
lumbering about in my head 
and suggesting a musical mind 
at work. The evidence of two 
Solos for wind instruments, 
flute and bass clarinet, did not 
really take one any fun her. but 
the more recent Sinfonietta 
was a pleasant surprise. By 
contrast with the Symphony, 
it showed Roscnzweig fully 
able to write complex counter- 


point aware of what the bass is 
up to and why. It was also a lot - 
more clearly scored, for solo 
siring quintet with single 
wind. 

It left, however, a curiously 
muddled impression. There is 
a quick first movement of 
spiky vitality recalling the 
neo-classical Stravinsky, but 
then this subsides into a 
substantial elegy, where a very 
different composer. Brahms, 
is suggested by the combina- 
tion of clarinet and strings or 
the prominence of the hom 
(taken up to a note 1 feel sure I 
have never heard before from 
this instrument, but one bril- 
liantly scaled by Phillip 
Eastop). What are not in 
doubt any more are the seri- 
ousness of Rosenzweig's in- 
tentions or his technical 
capacity. He just needs to 
form a composing self or 
make the split in his musical 
personality more evidently 
deliberate. 

Paul Griffiths 


LPO/Tennstedt 

Festival Hall 

In common with some of my 
colleagues. I find it difficult to 
put in a good word for Carl 
Orffs Camili Carmina. the 
work with which Klaus 
Tcr.nstedi. happily back at 
work following his illness, 
mystify ingly chose to follow 
his Mahler of last week. 

ft is a tedious piece in every 
rcspccL more so even than 
Carmina Buruna. which for 
all ns painful naivety can still 
be lun. Its more famous sister 


benefits, too, from the superfi- 
cial excitement of a largish 
orchestra, where in Catulli 
Orff contents himself with 
four pianos and 10 percus- 
sionists and uses them only in 
the Prologue and Epilogue. 
Ten percussionists can, of 
course, make a mighty noise, 
but here they usually did not: 
frankly, all that manpower 
seemed a little wasteful 

As did that — and there was 
a lot more of it — of the 
London Philharmonic Cho- 
rus. for all their lustily com- 
mitted efforts. TTiey, nat- 
urally, were given every cliche 
in the book, so that even 
Catullus’s lewdist lines had 
little effect of shock, and all 
the (literally) monotonous 
chanting, the supposedly ec- 
static screaming and so on. 
were as naught. It may be that 
the piece works better when it 
is presented as action on stage, 
as Orff intended, but how 
much more a service to his 
classical model, and to musi- 
cal experimentation, was Stra- 
vinsky in his Oedipus Rex. 

And Stravinsky it was who 
provided the evening's real 
music, in the shape of the 1919 
Suite from The Firebird. Al- 
though casting away the 
gloom of what went before 
was a difficult task, the Lon- 
don Philharmonic Orchestra, 
now restored to a more nor- 
mal complement, did a fine 
job. delivering a performance 
of dazzling, shimmering col- 
ours. all exquisitely balanced, 
with the kind of aplomb that 
makes this partnership of 
conducterand musicians such 
a special one. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Galleries 

Academics denied 


Studies of the 
Nude 

Marlborough Fine 
Art 


John Bellany 
Fischer Fine Art 



“One of the great comic geniuses 

of my lifetime” 

DONALD SMJEN 

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MAREST. LONDON E84SA. 

(Charity ReL No. 231323) 

"Her final days wflh you whe 
araong happiest of her life. 
Your geode skills convert the 
dismal business of dying into as 
art-fanu.” 

These poign ant words bom a 


and again by grateful fanriCes. 

They are quoted hare in 
fhanhpving to you for the tend 
support on which our care de- 


Sister Superior., 


John Bellany; 

New Portraits 
National Portrait 
Gallery 

Studies of the Nude could be 
seen as propaganda for British 
art schools, which for all their 
faults are admired throughout 
the world. William Packer in 
his introd union quotes Pape: 
"Know then thyself, presume 
not God to scan; the proper 
study of mankind is Man", 
which he says was preached to 
him during his life classes. 
However, it is not the academ- 
ic strictures of Ugiow, Cold- 
stream and the Slade that 
shine at Marlborough, 

In die illustrious company' 
he is keeping. Uglow's- dry 
formulas are shown up for 
what they are. the waving of 
the old school lie in the 
public’s face. The much-publi- 
cized Standing Nude. Blue 
Dress 1 1 looks like a student’s 
study when seen alongside 
Auerbach’s power. Bacon's 
startling new yellow painting 
and Brett Whiteley’s sensual 
exploitation in the line of an 
odalisque. Once the visitor 
has been . faced by a giant 
Moore. Draped Reclining 
Mother and Baby, and a small 
drawing. Half Figure of a 
Woman, that possesses the. 
same fullness of flesh, pres- 
ence and dignity, he is in no 
mood even to glance at 
Ugiow. The other painters' 
straightforward delight in the 
subject-matter pulls the eyes 
away. It seems no accident 
that the idea for the show 
originally came from Francis 
Bacon, who never attended art 
school. 

The Marlborough exhibi- 
tion (until May 2) does not 
convey the full wealth of 
British an. It was never in- 
tended 10 do so. However, in 


the pursuit of its theme, many 
of the country’s most estab- 
lished painters demonstrate 
some of their persevering 
qualities. There are examples 
of Lucian Freud's and John 
Davies's unyielding scrutiny. 
Kitaj and Hockney give dis- 
plays of their draughts- 
manship. Howard Hodgkin 
records an occasion. In a hotel 
bedroom, in his inimitable 
fashion. There are some pleas- 
ant surprises. John Piper has 
contributed compelling draw- 
ings of women in chalk, ink 
and watercolour, Richard 
Hamilton’s Nude 1954 plays 
with our vision and Pasmore’s 
The Studio of Ingres, which 
used to belong to Kenneth 
Clark, is included. 

Auerbach's three works, 
with their sheer joy of paint, 
power of emotion and ambi- 
guity, pave the way for the 
follow-up exhibition of youn- 
ger artists the gallery are 
planning. If they are as gener- 
ous in the inclusion of non- 
gallery artists as they have 
been in the first part, a second 
such show could prove ex- 
tremely important. One Scot- 
tish painter who should be 
included is John Bellany. 

Bellany is a painter's paint- 
er. It is therefore ironic that 
the work of his that has 
achieved most publicly is Ian 
Botham's portrait. It is a bold 
icon of one of England’s 
sporting heroes (or scape- 
goats). but it does not give any 
indication of the sensitive 
depictions of Bellany’s family 
and friends that make up the 
exhibition at the National 
Portrait Gallery (until May 
1 3) or indeed his studio works, 
some of which can be sent at 
Fischer (until Thursday). 
Moreover the cricketer is por- 
trayed in the same sickly hues 
of Beilany’s other recent 
works, many of which are 
concerned with sickness and 
the balance of mind. This 
reflects the painter’s own trou- 
bled life. In the last two years 
he has made an extensive trip 
to Australia, his second mar- 
riage has broken up. his 
second wife has died and he 
himself contracted a near-fetal 
illness. 

Charon's Boat, with its 
pyramid of singing corpses, 
leaves the viewer in no doubts 
about the direction of Bell- 
any's thoughts. Spes Maris 



Many’s Patrick Caulfield and JaAn Hoyland, with the 
painter confronting nsin the form of Tan Gogh 

us over Patrick Caulfield’s and 
John Hoyland’s shoulders in 
the form ofVan Gogh himself 
He is never afraid to take an 
old image and remake it, 
which is ultimately all that 
painters can do. 

_ P e Edinburgh-trained 

Bellany has not quite.enjoyed 
the ovenught success of the 
neighbouring ‘’Glasgow 
Boys , The pictures in the 
National Portrait Gallery 
testify to the feet that he has 

been a jmown and well re- 
.spected. figure in the art world 
for many years. He has been a 

S D ?S^? y ^? sistenl 

tn 1 ypo the fisherman-painter 
with his son on his knee and 
brush in hand, glares out at the 
world. , to claim his place as a 
grear artist. 

The message i 


and Only an emu passing by 
are both the dreams of & sick 
man. In the latter the artist's 
palette makes the most of a 
simple poppet-theatre con- 
struction. Colour, rough 
strokes and the succession of 
staring emu eyes evoke the 

fever within, die protruding 
brow of the mummified 
figure. 

The artist has been accused 
of being imprecise with his 
imagery, of not tying down the 
symbols culled from his life 
and particularly the fishing 
village of Port Setbn. his 
birthplace, but the pictorial 
success of his compositions 
denies this. They are remark- 
ably cohesive; they invariably 
disturb. 

Robin Gibson, keeper of 
20th-century art at the Nation- 


al Portrait ’ Gallery, believe 
that Bellany’s latest works,. . Accordion* 
executed after the renewal of confirms. - The 


his relationship with his first 
wife, display a new lease of 
life. Certainly over the years 
some of his most magnificent 
portraits have been of Helen. 
An oil of her last June- is ; 
overflowing with references to 
the past, yet is bound together 
by an arc of light, emanating 
from an old fishing boaL A 
watercolour of her last May 


Modern ^ in ScoT^ * 
giving BeUany a major retro- 
spective later this year, which 
wtil tour down to the Serpen- 
tine. British galleries are be- 
gjmung to realize the wealth of 
artists that this country pos- 
«^.but we need more 
^ those current 

Poitra Tfie Natl ‘onal 
Marlbor- 


has the grandeur and pose of ough. We must 

Mantegna. He uses.theold and iSore 

moden; imam tarty. Alan 

Davie is presented almost as of the world 

pan of one of his paintings, gow Boys’Vwho are liwu 

David -Brown, who curaS 2 J V* 

the St Ives show at the Tate, is Wave, as ^L2 r ?l e Nev i 

placed in the Cornish harbour what is happenim. of 

as rendered .by Christopher. ; r . ^ m Bn ^- ■ 

Wood. The painter confronts AllStait Hicks 


Opera 

The old 
menace 
remains 

Don Gio vanni : 
Nancy" 


The citizens of Nancy must 
feel well acquainted '* with 
Ruggero Raimondi’s Don 
Giovanni. In recent weeks he 
has stalked across, ibe screen 
of the local cinema in Joseph 
Losey’s celluloid version and 
appeared in the .flesh in the 
town's handsome Opera-The- 
atre. But here the long-cele- 
brated portrayal- of a -single 
character has spilled over hno 
an all-embracing view of the 
whole opera: Raimondi not 
only sings tirc tiile-rolc, but 
directs Nancy's new Don 
Giovanni as- wefl. -- 
Fears that the burden of 
captaining ti*. team might 
impair the baritone's individ- 
oal.star-qualjty casi be quickly 
dispelled. His Giovanni may 
no longer pass for 22; but the 
physical ind vocal menace 
inherent in bis performance is 
undimmrd. One -important 
aspeci^esperially in a small 
frouse like Nancy's, is its old- 
fashioned theatricality. Ad- 
vancing io the footlights, 
Raimondi hurled' the Cham- 
pagne Aria at the audience 
with Rabelaisian vigour. (The 
resident orchestra, which pla- 
■ yed acceptably elsewhere, nev- 
er had a hope of matching the 
singer for pace or power here.) 
He made his escape at Act I's 
conclusion through the audi- 
torium, a r brazen figure in 
Hack leather. His confronta- 
tion with John Tranter's im- 
pressively weighty Com- 
mendarore in the finale was a 
splendidly \ sustained vocal 

stoggmg-maich? \ 

These were obvious high 
points, .but Raimiondfs char- 
acterization- also had its sub- 
tle! iesihis devastating eft*, 
ecu ve put-down- : of Ottavio 
and, Masetto, simply by ad- 
dressing them without ever 
lakingavaricious eyesoff then- 
respective women; the danger- 
ora jokmess of his relation- 
ship ' with Leporello; the 
honeyed tones of his seduc- 
txort of Zeriina; or the con- 
trasting hint of barely-sup- 
pressed brutality in his 
deatings.wjth Elvira. 

Raimondi’s Giovanni may 
remain enthralling; his Gio- 
vanni&moTc problematic. On 
the plus is its vivid, 
physically extrovert quality, 
well complemented by Carlo 
Tomm&si’s realistic-looking 
sets: giant blocks of mock- 
masonry that revolved and 
slid noiselessly into an ambi- 
tious series of' iSth-centurv 
.townscapes. Producer and df- 
rector combined best, per- 
haps, in the final scene. The 
supper room (replete with real 
minstrels in galleries) sudden-' 
ly spun away as the Com- 
mendatore entered, and we 
were back in the graveyard. 
Then, after Giovanni's de- 
mise, the slabs swung inwards 
again, leaving ^porello and 
Elvira hi the epilogue to daw 
pathetically at a massive stone 
wall. 

In other important ways, 
though, Raimondi's ideas 
seemed flawed from the start, 
when his Giovanni — neither 
masked nor in flight from 
Donna Anna (indeed the two 
embraced passionately after 
their first exchange) - killed 
the Commendatore in full 
view of the lady. Perhaps this 
only makes explicit what the 
opera hints an that Anna’s 
later desire for revenge hides 
her own guilt about her 
rather s death. But by remov- 
ing any vestige of ambiguity at 
the outset Raimondi hid, one 
jdt, diminished : the opera’s 
drama. 

Thai said, it did open the 
way for Karen Hufistodt. re- 
plete with flaming red wig, to 
turn the troubled Anna into a 
tragic figure of Lady Macbeth 
dimensions. Her big -voice, 
inclined fro scoop and slide, 
seemed fer from ideal for the 

coloratura of “Non mi dir, 
but elsewhere her cultured 
legato was intensely express 
save. She clearly has- a big 

MS^ 0Ugh WH in 

^ This high-voltage Anna did 
m™L'? U - rp e !? ox *onal tern- 

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Richard Morrison 







TffF. TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


SPECTRUM 1 



like daughter 


L 


Feminism is often blamed for the erosion 
of the traditional family. In the first 
of a two-part series, Bel Mooney looks at 
how the modem woman sees her role 


A son is your son til he takes 
daughter 


a wife, 
dough 


A daughter's 
the rest of her life. 


The traditional saying eucap- . 
snlates within its neat, bal- 
anced structure a whole 
unbalanced world of expecta- 
tion. Mothers produce sons 
to be unlike themselves, to go 
out and take their places m 
tiie world. They produce girls 
as mirror images of them- 
selves, binding them emo- 
tionally for ever. .. or so the 
theory goes. 

Warm lady halting bread 
in die farmhouse kitchen 
watched by daughter s eager 
to learns Victorian ‘‘angel In 
the house 4 * breeding gms to 
be equally passive and deco- 
rous, fit to marry men of 
posltMm.Ceitahily it is hard 
to abandon past images. The 
relationship between mothers 
and daughters is recognized 
as establishing patterns of 
attitude and behaviour which 
influence generation after 
generation — even If at some 
point one daughter rebels. 

It was Frond who in- 
troduced ns to tbenotion that 
the differences between the 
sexes arise from the fact that 
(for most people) the first 
most important person in 
each childhood is a woman. 
What do girls learn from 
their mothers? Why, to be 
mothers, of course. 

And so the thinking still 
goes, despite 10 years of 
trmnpeted equality under the 
law. Consider: in 1956 
Simone de Beauvoir's The 
Second Sex went into its 
second printing, and when 
McCalls magazin e ran an 
article about unhappy wives 
and mothers, editors were 
amazed at the response; by 
1966 The Feminine Mystique 
by Betty Friedan was selling 
well in paperback here. 


tiie Women's Movement had 
in America; by 1976, 
The Female Eunuch 
already a classic, we had not 
only a Sex Discrimination 
Act and Equal Opportunities 
Commission, bat the first 
woman leader of a political 
party. . 

Yet in 1986, when the 
increase in reported rapes 
shocks tiie nation, it is 
quickly ■" whispered abroad 
♦hat tfiiy ig because feminism 
has made women, abandon 
their traditional virtues, and 
poor mothers, mean violent 
and disruptive boy children. 

The hand that rocks the 
cradle is the hand that rules 
the world, so it must follow 
that if the world slums signs 
of disease it is the fault of 
that first — mother's — hand. 
At the beginning of the 
sixties Betty Friedan wrote 
that mothers would always 
take the Maine — so great is 
their perceived burden of 
responsibility. 

Yet It is still sought Clare 
Raynor's huge postbag con- 
vinces her that “the desire to 
be a married lady with chil- 
dren is constant”. Friedan. 
saw the process as inevitable: 
“...it is still easier for a 
woman . . .to live through her 
husband and children than to 
make a road of bar own in the 
world. For she is the daugh- 
ter of that same mother who 
made it so hard for a girl . . . 
to grow up.” 

De Beauvoir described the 
atavistic collusion: “My mo- 
ther’s whole education and 
npbrittgmghadccmvmcedher 
that for a woman the greatest 
thing was to become the 
mother of a. family. Sim 
couldn’t play that part unless 
I:. played- the dutiful 
daughter. 44 Of course few 
mothers want to break the 
imnw-daughter-rnmn chain 




Sharing motherhood: Rose Massey and ber adopted daughter Jackie 



Generation gap: Caroline and Alice Scott, anrased by their differences 


‘I think it 
is odd not 
wanting 
to have 
children 9 


Jackie Massey typifies the 
traditional attitude to mother- 
hood — something of 
which she is proud. In 1 958, at 
the age of 1 7, she gave birth to 
Daniel, after a stable relation- 
ship with her boyfriend Paul 
since she was 15. He is 10 
years older than her. and 
works as a painter and decora- 
tor. They talk of marriage but 
Jackie sees no hurry. 

On the surface, that marks 
her as a member of a more 
liberated generation; such ease 
of choice would not have been 
dreamt of when her mother, 
Rose, was 18. Still. Jackie's 
expectations and aspirations 
exactly mirror her mother's, 
and the two women share a 
particular kind of female 
closeness. Each day Jackie 
brings the baby to her 
mother's small South London 
flat. 

Rose was one of a large 
family, and escaped from her 
strict Catholic girlhood by 
coming to England and quick- 
ly marrying Pete, a widower 
with a young family. “I’d 
always loved babies, and was 
always looking after them. 
Not so much dolls, I preferred 
the real thing! Always mother- 
ing.” Rose, with her ready- 
made family, also wanted 
children of her own. When it 
proved impossible, she adopt- 
ed Jackie: “That's why I 
always think it's so uncanny, 
how like me she is.” 

Despite her religion. Rose 
was “delighted” when Jaddei 
told her she was pregnant. “1 
think I couldn’t wait for the 
day when she’d have babies. It 
would be like having her all 
over again, “Deep down I 
knew she'd have babies early. 
Of course Pete was upset at 
first because he wanted bigger 
and better things for her, but 
now he’s happy." 

And what did Jackie want? 
“Well, when I was a little girl I 
always played with loads of 
dolls. If I thought of a job it 
was a nursery nurse — always 
something with babies. I 
couldn't wait to have one of 
my own. I know you get some 


women who don't want ba- 
bies. but to me it's odd.” .As 
for the son who toddles round 
the liny dining room, adored 
by his mother and grandmoth- 
er. Jackie confesses that her 
boyfriend wants him to be 
tough, but she wants to 
“smother him. i suppose”. 

Girls like Jackie Massey 
shrug all distant notions of 
sexual equality aside as noth- 
ing to do with them. Yet Rose 
and Jackie have, in a curious 
way, their own matriarchal 
power traditional and beyond 
the politics of housework. 
Much feminist literature ig- 
nores this; for example, two 
collections of writings (Ad 
Turning Back and Sweeping 
Statements 1 have selections 
on everything from male vio- 
lence to work — but none 
called Motherhood, k is as if 
the reality of women’s inherit- 
ed needs is too complex. 

More recently, the “Earth- 
mother” myth has seen a 
revival, and the mother- 
daughter relationship cele- 
brated. One American writer. 
Judith Arcana, asserts baldly: 
“Mothers socialize their 
daughters into the narrow role 
of wife-mother, in frustration 
daughters reject their 
mothers . . ” Such drama ig- 
nores the fact that many 
daughiers want so to be 
“socialized”. 

’Instead of 
choices, 
you must 
now have 
a career’ 


Such a mother is Caroline 
ScoiL Her daughter, Alice, is 
17 and a pupil at Queen’s 
College, the Harley Street 
girls' public school. Caroline 
was frustrated in her ambition 
to go to university and is 
disappointed that Alice has 
rejected her own chance. Car- 
oline, divorced when Alice 
was six. has always worked as 
a secretary and believes in 
most liberal feminist ideas: 
Alice wants a while wedding, 
and rejects them. The two 
seem amicably amused by 
their differences. Mrs Scott 
says that, because the horizons 
were much narrower when she 
was a giri. she always assumed 
she would get married and 
have children. Which seems 



lOp 

.corn- 

more important in her imagi-,e t at 
nation, marriage or a job? h St 
“Marriage. 1 feel I woulqp on 
pul a lot into it . . .you kMWwch. 
in the summer I had this real I Jinks, 
romantic picture of me siuin&pp^ 
in a big garden and my5a y - s 
husband coming home from^nis 
work ... but now you aren"t£ 24 Q 
really allowed to say that! Oh 
no — you must think of a 
career, i think it's bad that youden- 
are made to feel guilty forhead 
wanting to be a wife and. bid 
mother. Rio 

“it's really backfired, this'42p. 
feminism, so that instead of 
having choices, you're sup-^^ 
posed to want an independent^^! 
career. 1 get really angry and^^ 
find myself veering in the 
opposite direction, just to be 
different! ... I think that ev-59 -1 
erybody still thinks that a 235 
woman should look after the 86 
child, and the man have a job . ' 

I think that lots of girls of my 
generation have that idca^g 
whereas its the older women^ 
who don't. I know I should 7 g 
want to look after my owrt» 3_2 
children. I would never expect 
my husband to give up his 
job.” 

Alice admits that she reaps 
the benefits of change. For 
instance, she would insist that 
her husband help with the 5 JS 
children - although, like her, v” 
own mother, she would like a^ g _ 2 
nanny. She would assume thaty; 
help, "and object if it were not 
given. And as for a daughter o f 
her own . . . “I’d want her 
know that an education is 
important, so she won’t just 
have to rely on gelling 
married.” Like her own moth- 
er, in fact? “Well, yes.” 

And what if Alice’s daughter^ 4 ; 
rejected her ideas, and opted" *■ 
for feminist celibacy? “It 
would shock me. becuase I’m 
not like that. Because I'd 
wanted children. But 1 
wouldn't push her. I'd tell her 
it's possible to be a mother! 
and have her views. But 
wouldn't argue with her, be- 
cause honestly, my mothci 7 
has never said to me. ’You 
must think like me’. So 1 
wouldn't either.” ) 

Like mother, like daughter, 
despite the differences. 

f TOMORROW [ 

Can motherhood 5 
and a career be x 
reconciled? 


75 

3 . 





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THT TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986. 


SPECTRUM 2 


Pa 




maze of power 


rhe division of authority between minister 
and civil servant is in theory finely drawn^ 
In practice, as Colin Hughes reports in the 
second part of his series, it is far from clear 


vil servants live in a twilight 
ne, the silhouettes of their 
wer and status appearing he- 
ld a veil of anonvmity. The 
idscape they inhabit is constant- 
shifting. Governments come 
d go, sometimes throwing up 
ge earthworks, sometimes 
rely trimming hedges. 

Some observers, looking today 
their aerial photographs, detect 
: traces of a tremor which has 
■ned the course of Britain’s 
reaucracy. On one day last week 
«e items of news coincided, 
■flighting flux at all levels: staff 
the main London passport 
ice walked out in a row over 
w technology, the Government 
:ked down on GCHQ staff who 
ve rejoined unions: and Give 
nting published a book depict- 
; Whitehall as a sorry tale of 
gedy and farce. 

Although the lines of power and 
Tountability between officials 
i minist ers are well known in 

Ministers can’t 
know all that 
;oes on in their 
^departments 

jory, using a textbook to find, 
ur way around the Civil Service 
mid be like finding your way 
yund London on foot with 
thing but a Tube map. That is 
ly an entire industry has recent- 
grown up to help companies 
d campaigners penetrate 
hitehall's inner sanctum. 

Andrew Gifford used to be an 
viser to David Steel. At the 
tunning of Mrs Thatcher's first 
in he joined fellow ex-advisers 
Edward Heath and James 
.llaghan to guide clients through 
; shifting maze. He found "a jot 
public relations companies 
mid have a minister and perina- 
tal secretary in for lunch once a 
ir and feel that was sufficient’', 
•.e prime qualification of the 
bdem professional lobbyists, 
iny of them former civil ser- 
ins or political researchers, is 
it they know the names ot 
%cure principals and assistant 
Vretaries who actually wnte the 
•pers on which ministers decide 
nicy. f 

■Decisions are frequently made 
■the large grey areas where avil 
Krants act on their own initia- 
te, neither informing nor con- 
Iting their ministers. A former 
jridon-based diplomat points 
\ that, if he had received a 
H^phone call at 5 am from the 
Htish -official at the United 
ations asking how he should 
r ie in the next five minute* he 
bukl have been crucified if he 
r d woken a minister who only 
a . to bed at 2 am after a late 
p morons vote. “I would. tell him 
Vw to vote, and report jt to the 
Jnister later in the day." 

Good officials are supposed to 
>ow the minister’s mind better 
‘an their own. But, as the 
‘estland affair illustrates, the 


ambiguities of authority can lead 
to acute embarrassmenL 

In principle, civil servants are 
the estate managers who stay on, 
while their landlords chop and 
change according to tne 
electorate’s whim. In fact, once in 
power, most ministers are per- 
suaded by Whitehall’s appeals for 
•‘reaJilv" As Sir Patrick Naime, 
former Permanent Secretary at foe 
Department of Health and Social 
Security, says: “When they have a 
chance to know what the facts are, 
they sometimes think the existing 
plans are exactly what they want. 

The Civil Service knows the lie 
of the land, and is far better able to 
studv the implication of opposi- 
tion* policy than the political 
parties themselves. Man dan ns say 
they draw their ministers’ atten- 
tion to their own manifesto 
pledges more often than they 
suffer abuse for trying to thwart 
ministers’ aims. Recently. for 
example, civil servants had to give 
firm reminders to the Scottish 
Secretary Malcolm Rifkind and 
the Agriculture Secretary Michael 
Joplingof the government's policy 
to privatize lands owned by the 
Forestry Commission. The de- 
partmental ministers seemed to 
have hoped this had been 
forgotten. „ . 

William Plowden. a former a vil 
servant who is now director of the 
Royal Institute of Public Adminis- 
tration. argues that: “The doctrine 
of ministerial responsibility for 
departmental acts no longer fits 
the facts of governmental life at 
the end of the twentieth century. 
Ministers cannot know all that is 
going on in their departments and, 
when things go wrong, they usual- 
ly do not resign." 

The last time a minister re- 
signed over a civil servant's error 
was in 1954, over the Crichel 
Down affair. More recently James 
Prior, then Northern Ireland Sec- 
retary, staved after the Maze 
breakout, while the prison gover- 
nor resigned- But nowhere do the 
rules explain that civil servants are 
accountable for administrative 



mistakes, and ministers for policy 
failure. John Ward, general secre- 
tary of the First Division Associa- 
tion. asks: “Do officials now carry 
the can for the mistakes of their 
ministers?" 

The traditional rules were re- 
stated in classic Whitehal l fo rm 
last year by Sir Robert Armstrong. 
The core of the code was punchy 
and unequivocal: “The Civil Ser- 
vice as such has no constitutional 
personality or responsibility sepa- 
rate from the duly elected govern- 
ment of the day" The document 
was intended, in Sir Robert s 
words. to “steady nerves" after the 
Ponting trial; it has in fact spurred 
the backbench Select Committee 


on the Civil Service to launch a 
lengthy inquiry, to report this 
June. 

The civil servant's life is some- 
times portrayed as a simplistic 


presentations to her at 10 
Downing Street the Civil Service 
began to argue over the tuning of 
the three shows. By the time the 
process was over it was clearly too 
Jate to work the road link into the 


resignation, Norman TebHt . apd 
the civil servants have ensured 
that when the White Paper is - 
published in April, the clause will 

ten lead down empty aUey^ys- 
: permanent secretaries tagwW 
have little more control over 

taries, or units mastered by 
secretaries; than die chance 
correct spelling in papers before 
they get toihe minister- • 

Sir David Hancock, head offoe 
. Department of 
Science, was regarded asastarat 
his home in the Tiwsu^ttas 
found it hard to gain; oontrol wom. 
overburdened and fru^ ra ^ > ^' 
utv secretaries. Half the proWcm 
lfes with Sir Keith Joseph s faflure 
to override officials. Deputy secre- 
taries like Clive Savile, running 
xhe higher education branch, are 
caught between bodies, like the 

University Grants Committee ano 

the deep blue pool of right-wing 

backbench pressure. • - _ . 

Mrs Thatcher’s preference for 
•• “doers” above thinkers has made 
recent permanent secretary ap- 
pointments controyersiaL j Al- 
though the dub is still marked by 
Oxbridge career men who have 
spent their entire working li ves in 
• the -insulated Whitehall world, the 
majority are now models of post- 
war meritocrat. . 

The most astute , use fluid rela- 
tions to their unit's advantage. 
Terence Heiser, appointed to the 
top job at the Department of 
Environment, attended school in 
the East End of London. He rose 
from the humblest clerical ranks, a 
prime example of die new “goaJ- 
orieoiared” mandarin, who caught 
) the Prime Minister’s eye as deputy 
. secretary in charge of local govem- 
f meat finance. , • ; 

e Peter Owen, who has replaced. 


on 4e sidelines, an d_he reared 
early to become director of we 
P % Studies Inaiw^Q^ 
has warded the Downmg Sgm 
policy unit, which pnj[0 
bring able to pre-empt tire cum- 
bersome bureaucracy with quidt 
SfiCTdrafts. by msnfting fea 
Saffto research and wnte papers 

literally overnight . 

The career advance of Nick 

Monk, a leafing 

in. the Treasury; « btocked &rhis 
critical view of 
economic pobey,^ 
Middletons rtpmed y Syr«pathy 
woo him the Treasury 
Secretaryship. 

Cabinet Seoetaiy^in JWbggv 
status aid. along with Ad^rawr 
John FieldbouseJ# itewsW «. 
'.Defence, 

position to be paid ite top safety 
of£70,00a • 

Through"”* .the C ivil, S ervice 
there have bew appesMhces 
change. Bat Whitehall is still 
dominated by civil servants wbO 
enwred'rire.systemalmosiath^hr 
from uaiverrity and eap emro 
' remain ifotil, they, retire. The 
vestige of private sedor'styks 


now carry the 
can for their 


times portrayed as a nmpusui. t0 worfc the road link into the 
battle between struggling Cabinm ^ ion _ ^ [obbyist ^b 0 had 
and scheming niandanns- Tbe Ued on fact that the Prime 

^hty is m^romplex. Offi^ Minister supported his .diem 
handling negotiations wifo the ld ha been sor ely 


reality is more complex. Officials 
handling negotiations with the 
three companies bidding for the 
Channel Tunnel contract attempt- 
ed to ignore the Prime Minister's 
insistence that proposals should 
include a road link because,' in the 
words of one representative, “they 
thought the idea was plain 
barmy”. 

When Mrs Thatcher ordered 
that each company make personal 


disappointed. 

Power shifts among politicians 
are quickly spotted by WhitehalL 
Civil Service drafts ofthe Green 
Paper .on copyright originally con- 
tained a clause imposing a levy on 
blank cassette tapes, but Leon 
Brittan ensured it was deleted 
before publication. Since Britten's 


him as Deputy Secretary, is a ted- 
brick university Merseyri der wto ; • 
has won respect from pressure 
groups arguing bade at them m 
meetings. - ' ' .' 

Style and reputation count as • 
much as sympathetic chemistry, ft-: 
was assumed- inside theJDepari- , 
ment of Employment that DoaalA. 
Derx, who had been in charge of 
the pay policy branch as deputy 
secretary for eight years, womdget 
the top job when it fell vacant But 
he was passed over after dashing 
vn% the Prime Minister, who 


rjonned in recent yraarai issuperfi- 
-cML'tast yraS^fedffitty.Ftyvin his 

curreaflyfe shkufehfe cfoffies, but 
much the santetbodfes: remain 
underneath.” - ; :, v 
" Recent *«cmp5» bring ad- 

ministra iors mficomoutside nave 

- . * »■ '■ 


^HM&Tr 6 ;nG^HE^RCH^M ANDARIN 


A SECURE JOB WITH PROSPECTS 


Sir Robert Armstrong is the 
real-life Sir Humphrey - 
Secretary to the Cabinet 
Prime Minister's confidant 
arch-mandarin — who has 
entered the limelight over 
Westland, Ponting, GCHQ, 
and wielded growing influ- 
ence since his appointment 
five years ago. 

He wears a double crown: 
he is also Head of the Hope 
Civil Service, a combination 
of jobs that critics say sits 
on easily on one pair of 
shoulders. (He says the lat- 
ter post is largely titular). 

If anyone can resolve the 
apparent contradiction of si- 
multaneously acting as Mrs 
Thatcher's right-hand man 
and the senior representative 
of the Civil Service, he can. 
Even critics concede _ his 
brilliance in the traditional 
mandarin skills. 








g'-,. ubon^ ? 


Sir Robert: power broker 

Clive Ponting’s probably 
jaundiced view is that Arm- 
strong is “the eminence grise 
of British govern- 
ment ... the supreme ma- 
nipulator and fixer”. But he 
has survived a long tight- 
rope walk without falling off. 
His attempted compromise 
back-down over GCHQ was 
overridden by Mrs Thatcher, 
yet he has emerged from the. 
Westland mire as prime 
defender of her integrity. 

mmmtmsm 




He who controls the agen- 
da and minutes wields As 
power, said the fate Richard 
Crossman. Ministers must 
go through the Cabinet Sec- 
retary to raise an issue. 
Armstrong and his staff 
record Cabinet and Cabinet 
Committee decisions. Each 
week be meets his senior 
permanent secretaries; min- 
isters rarely have similar 
time to discuss policy outside 
the Downing Street meetings 
where procedure is formaL 
Since be may yet Pjay ® 
broking role between Buck- 
ingham Palace and the can- 
didates for government alter 
a hung general election, an 
apolitical reputation is criti- 
cal. Armstrong was principal 
private secretary to both 
Heath and Wilson. 

Just 59, he is due to retire 
next March. 


Sue Partridge was attracted 
to a career in the Civil 
Service by its prospects of 
secure, long-term employ- 
ment and the opportunities it 
offered for promotion. Eigh- 
teen years later she has 
advanced from an £8-a-week 
clerical assistant to £11,000- 
a-year higher executive offi- 
cer in the Department of 
Trade and Industry’s north- 
west regional office. 

Mrs Partridge, aged 37, fa 
the office manager for the 
department based in Man- 
chester, bat her wide-rang- 
ing responsiMfities aba 
cover Whitehall's outposts 
for the department fin Liver- 
pool and Bootle. In total 
there are 220 staff and she 
oversees the spending of the 
£2.7 million north-west an- 
noal budget 

The Ov3 Service, she 


‘The image «nd m* set- 

may be dull, 

. but the ' MraPtartridWhasre™-; J 

1*. ' abilities that kb the privates 

reality lSll t. sector wwdd protabty -em 

her more money, bat sbe_» 

H nmch changed sh*y 


she arrived. “The service is 
smaller now, -it has been 


image may be- dmLibwt the 

reatity is far from lhaL The- 


snuuier uvw, - » un» , 

streamlined. Wten the ent- CivilSenrice 
backs were announced mo- cure empfoym^ 


rate in foe service was low. . 
Bat now they hare happened 
foe morale is going np ag a in . 

“When 1 first came into 
the service people had a high . 
regard for it and for civil 
servants. Bat we did go down 
in the public opinion. It 
happened around five years 
ago. It was a time when more 
people were becoming unem- 
ployed and going to the 


o^mrtanities for promotion 
in return fw teutf wprfcltm 
esp ecia lly good for women, 
becasseof itsequalopportn* 
aides and yon don’t always, 
get tint ii industry even - 
today.”- 

Shebopestogain farther 
pnicMiti®® to senior execu- 
tive oflfcer rank but accepts 
tint that .'will probably re- 
quire a move to London. 


live 

Agency when' txwrspt' staff. - were : 
Wcedfcd <^«cd to 

lcavcafiem shortstay. His, private 
sector approach fell flat he : 
was frown ooi hy cafeCT civt! 
servants, - Rjcaf r chang e -ie . the 
tertairris gradualanri long-icrm. A 
wdenlnggencT^hw^ap iscausing 
concern among thoseAt the. top of 
the i^Runii' The new breeti of 
young dtvil servants have no 
abstract cranmteoacin»apre«ige 
pnUic swmee etiac-Eor them it is, 
much See smy _other job. 

The ind Person- . . 

Pri^plc -that a “ra- 
,reer" Givif Service” ^ means “a 
-istafl&g policy based prfntarfly on 
recruiting, people as fo^r leave foe 
education 'system, and retaining 
them in the seryice until they, 
retire”, is being-iitesistiWy under-: 

mined Wider social forces of take*- 
,ft-br4eave-it individualism, along 
with demands for technocrats who 
are both managerially experienced 
and specialist-trained, make that 
pattern look as outdated as medi- 
eval open fields. 

( tomorrow ) 

How will Whitehall 
v absorb the political 
; ' shocks iii store? 


The dotty dictionaries 


CONCISE CROSSWORD NO 908 




J-*! 


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yy . 




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mkm 


■* ••• 
■ • -fJr.: 


, vX 

*■ 


All cannot be quite so amiss 
with the British publishing 
industry as is generally 
claimed if it still manages to 
sustain foe endeavours of 
J. L. Carr. This year Mr Carr, 
an early refugee from foe 
■ teaching profession, celebrates 
not only his seventieth birth- 
day. but also foe 2 1st anniver- 
sary of a one-man book 
business run from bis back 
bedroom in Kettering. 

His publications are not so 
much books as postcard-sized 
16-page pamphlets, foe most 
notable of which are wonder- 
fully mad directories of En- 
glish eccentricity. Take, for 
example, this entry in his 
Dictionary of Extraordinary 
English Cricketers, which 
came out in 1977 after nearly 
four decades of desultory re- 
search: “William Clarke. 
Notts, b. 1798, a onereyed 
bricklayer of parsonic de- 
meanour who founded Trent 
Bridge, was foe first manageri- 
al entrepreneur and is said to 
have played by ear. He bowled 
underarm breakbacks whose 
difficulty was exacerbated by 
his shrill cry of ‘We shall ’ave a 
haccidcnL sir. in a mom end’ 
He is the earliest example of 
an unhappily enduring line of 
odious captains with a rooted 


J.L.Carr, who runs 
an eccentric 
publishing house 
from his spare 
bedroom, celebrates 
21 years in business 

dislike of taking themselves 

off ” .... 

Or this, in his Dictionary of 

Prelates. Parsons, Vergers. 
Wardens. Sidesmen & Preach- 
ers, Sunday School teachers. 
Hermits. Ecclesiastical Flower 
Arrangers. Fifth Monarchy 
Men and False Prophets: 
“Charles Watertown of Wal- 
ton Hall, Essex, churchwarden 
c 1862. was said to be able fo 
scratch his neck with his big 
toe and customarily, while 
entertaining church digni- 
taries, to dine beneath the 
table, foe while growling and 
snapping at guests' ankles”. 

Most of foe 87 titles, which 
now have a combined sale of 
500.000 copies via 180 book- 
sellers, are highly selective 
reprints of foe standard poets. 
Carr believes that 16 pages of 
poetry on foe trot is quite 
enough for anyone. Some are 




The best e^n^out start at Young a We have classic dinner suits. 
Sensational white taxed os. Fashionable evening^ckets. And tor the 
latest look— Spencers. Yxi can hire or buy. g 

So before you go out, go in to \bungs. 

You* nearest branch is listed opposite. Wtjfvgyw ey 

fiinml weary 


Loneliness is just one problem 

And it is a fairly common problem lor seafarers away from 

home for months al a time. Bui it is only one of the troubles 

thal people- bnnq to us. As a Christian society 

working among seafarers we are asked for ail kinds 

of help - spmtuar. emotional, social and practical. . 

And we are mere, ready to give all the hefp we can, 

in all pans of the world. sK 

To give this help we depend entirely vj« 

upon voluntary coninomtons- Please * * 

help us to continue the Anglican 

Cnurcn's ministry to sealarers by a 

leaacy: or piease send wfimevei you can to viinii mwa 
T he Missions to Seamen. Freepost, London, EG4 4EP. 

TheMissniistoSeanen 

SLMichaei Paternoster Royal College HOI, 

London EC4fi 2ftL sS#***"’’’" 


printed upside down and back 
to front, foe idea being that foe 
second division poets, having f 
gone through the greats, merit i 
just eight pages. Hence Rupert i 
Brooke is laid end to end with i 
W ilfred Owen, each com- 1 
mending their own front cover ^ 
and meeting in the centre fold. * 
Annual sales are now 2 
53,000, each volume selling 
for 40p. Morality colours foe 
business: “My father was a I 
Methodist local preacher, and 
this inhibits me from publish- 
ing sex literature which every- 
one says sells welL.I had deep 
heart-searching with foe tide 
of my Dictionary of- English 
Queens. Kings' Wives, Cele- 
brated Paramour s. Handfast 
Spouses and Royal' Change- 
lings . 

“If I could have brought 
myself to have inserted concu- 
bines, it .would baye spkl 
several more thousand copies. 
Handfast Spouse means the 
same thing, but most people 
believe her to be a plain 
cook.” 

Selling, says Carr, has been 
die hardest, bit. When, he 
embarked on foe sales slog, be 
was so naive that his first vjsit 
was to a Dunchurch sweet- 
shop. The woman behind foe 
counter was so astonished at 
being offered the works of 
John Milton, that she paid 
him straight from the till 

“Would 1 advise anyone fo 
set np as a publisher? It is 
quire impossible to answer. So 
many things enter into it - 
temperament, family, busi- 
ness sense, health. The bet 
way is to find yourself a 
publisher without meaning to 
be: it saves no end of anguish. 
For instance. I took it tip 
because John Care’s great- 1 
grandson, a retired Co-op! 
.milkman, lives two or three 
doors down the road. But that 
. « another story.” 

Alan Franks 


ACROSS v . 

1 One-horse carnage 
(6) 

SJunka- Scouts (4> 

8 Onene»(5) ’ • 

9 Bear weigh! I?) . . 
II Kinship (8) ' 

13 Dull pain (4) 

15 Trading worid (13). 

17 Deprivation (4) 

18 Not real (8) - 

21 Orem musicians (7) 

22 Vkrw(4). 

23 Bhim<4) " 

24 Write.in symbols (6) 


1 BQH llllllia 


nmmmAmmn 
■ ■ ■ sa ■ 

HBaimiiiii 


DOWN ' ■ - 

2 Arabian gazdle (5) 

3 Speak (3) 

4 False view (13) . 

5 Manage (4) 

( Trachea branches (7) 12 Long walk (4) 

7 Smdyoburee(lO) 14 Jusi(4) 

10 Heatmomun-fHb W Body rubber (7) ' 


mmmm qhhh£ih 
i ■ a ■ ■ 

mmmmmmm mmmm 


jebi auan 


19 Start (ST 

20 Remain (41 
22 Appraise (3) 


SOUhlONlX)NO907 

ACROS& 1 Shrub 4 Sanctum . 8 Maima 9 Realise 10 Abortive d 
Hill 13 Profiterole -J7 Aunt 18 Wedgwood 21 Evolved 22 Ert- - 
sue 23 Portray 24 Taste 

DOWN: 1 Sampan 2 Rondo 3 Beautify 4 Shrove Tuesday 5 
Ne«' 6 Trivial 7Miiesli ' 12 Fragment .14 Rancour ' 15 Make ud Id 
Adhtae.19.OwBS 20 Ever 


IMPORTANT NOTICE 

Gateway Building Society, Worthing, West Sussex wfeh it to be 
known ftat^ -600. Society cheques have been stolen in transit 
between two of the Society’s offices and are being used fraudu- 
tently to obtain goods and services. The cheques aredrawn on 
National Westminster Bank pfc. B1 High Street, Bedford and the 
cheque numbers are, all in ; the range 367801 - 368400. 

A^ peraonfs) havfrig sight of one or. more of these cheques 
should immeefiately contact their local Police Stedion. 

Apart from the above numbered cheques, no other Gateway 
eheca#e;d*awn on National Westminster Bank, Bedford or Mid- 
land Bank,. Worthing' Is Involved in this fraud. 


BUILDING SOCIETY 

PO; Box 18, Worthing. West Sussex 



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TUTU MUCH 


Karl Lagerfeld has load a 
new rote modeL The designer 
now sees himself as the Son 
King. 

By the standards of men's 
fragrance lunches, 
Lagerfeld's takeover of 'Ver- 
safltes was impressive. Firstly 
there was the sight of Karl 
flanked ' on one side by 
DanieDe Mitterrand and on 
the other by a pregnant Prin- 
cess Caroline of Monaco. 

The cavorting in tutus by the . 
Monte Carlo ballet in the 
rococo gem of the Versailles 
theatre was a nice tench, for 
KaiTs witty embroideries of 
the season are based on balle- 
rinas. It was clever ■ to oot- 
twinkie the Galerie des G Laces 
by the firework show on the 
lawns outside. Tte tour 
through Marie Antoinette's 
bedroom was a boons. And the 
pyramid of lobsters stacked op 
to the ceiling looked good by 
the light of two thousand white 
candles.' 

Kail stayed op all night so 
as to be fresh for his Lagerfeld 
show. He then flew to Monaco 
for die Rose Ball and hade 
afterwards to prepare, for 
Chanel. 

Maybe the designer who 
produces eight major collec- 
tions a year isn't modelling 
himself on Loins XIV. But will 
he look his best in leotards and 
cape as Saperman? 






Lagerfeld's ballerina 
embroideries on crepe 



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T he buzz word in Paris 
is ‘cohabitation'. It 
expresses, with a ris- 
que ring, the facts of 
French political life. And 
while the Left isbedding down 
with the Right, fashion is also 
. swinging between conserva- 
tive and radical chic. 

A return to tailoring and to 
the roots of French couture is 
giving us a seductive Paris 
season. But streetwise design- 
ers strike a harsher note with 
sober colours, strict lines and a ' 
Marxist message. 

Swing and cling is the 
fashion- story. A ballet theme 
brings puffball skirts, peplums 
that twirl like a tutu, full- 
skirted riding coats and any- 
thing — from a cape back to a 
fluted hem — that can give us a 
runway whirl 
Againstthe swing are figure- 
hugging jersey and finely- 
seamed flannel both favourite 
fabrics for the tubular dresses 
that are a star garment of the 
■ season. ' 

The two trends cohabited 
perfectly in Claude Montana's 
collection, where perky jack- 
. els, impeccably cut in blonde 
cashmere, swung out like 
Baby Doll nighties over skin- 
ny suede trousers. This was a 
strong silhouettes to match the 
big-shouldered outline Mon- 
tana gave to the fashion world 
exactly ten years ago. He has 
now softened those shoulders 
on his new full-skirted . coat. 


M ontana’s attention 
to detail remains 
exceptional: wool 
jacquard embroi- 
dery on forest green suede (a 
Paris colour), gauntlets cuffed 
as falcon V wings and ice 
crystal, beading.' 

Mflgler played it cool — if 
that is the word to describe his 
curvaceous ice maidens, their 
bodies sculpted in pastel tai- 
loring, snowflakes worked in 
relief on their sweaters or 
crystal studding their vanilla 
chamois leather suits. 

All this was fun, and part of 
a fashion spectacular that 
included a lunar landscape set, 
.a team of huskies, commissar 
dresses draped like the. Rus- 
sian flag, and a swan lake of 
tutus. 

Behind it all were convinc- 
ing dresses, wide-shouldered, 
narrow in the skirt, the line 
- softened with asymmetric 
drapes and peplums. Shaped 
Louis heels for shoes and 
boots brought a new look . 

Gaultier went for an A-line 
silhouette that looked new, 
young and fresh. He also 
produced the most original 
show, sending his garments 
out singly down a snaking 
catwalk that led to scaffolding. 
There the 100 models posed 
on. turntables, swung their legs 
and showed off Gaultier’s 
constructivist chic. For this 
most street-conscious of de- 
signers has taken the Marxist 
philosophies of disaffected 
youth, and worked it into 
clothes cut in sombre military 
colours - black, bottle green 
and blood red, splashed with 
cyrilic lettering, 

C onstricted tailoring 
was all in the upper 
part of the body, with 
the bar of the A 
drawn across the thighs. Be- 
low that, skirt hems were 
edged with fur, stitched into a 
balloon kilt of pleats or made 
in wet suit fabric to stand 
away at the knees. 

The newty-restored Louvre 
courtyard was the setting for 
the main fashion shows. The 
young designers showed under 
the 1 ; vault of the Beaux Arts. 

! They back tailoring and the art 
of couture cutting, with both 
Doby Broda and Premonvihe 
D^warin shaping tailored suits 
and dresses. Their muse is the 
' Chanel of Karl Lagerfeld, who 
yesterday morning further up- . 
dated the Chanel classics, 
tucking the tweed suit in at the 
waist or pulling a swingy 
three-quarter jacket over a 
long skinny skirt. Hounds- 
tooth is the bold new weed; 
lace is used for shapely eve- 
ning sheaths. 

Karl Lagerfeld had already 
produced, his best collection so 
for, under his own label using 
the swing and ding theme for 
fluid tailoring and for a new 
skirt bias-cut from the . calf 
• The best of the shows have 
shown that couture elegance 
and body-conscious : sexiness 
can cohabit in Paris fashion. 
King of the curves Azzedine 
Alaia nod king of couture 
Yves Saint Laurent, have vet 
to- shew. 







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Above: Thierry Mftgler's twirling tutu. His ballerina silhouette brought small waists 
and peplums over narrow skirts and trousers. The same shape grows down to make the 
Iona swirling riding coat that is a Paris favourite. Above left: Claude Montana's ding 
and swing on a skinny grey jersey tube flaring into a cape back. The swingy top also 
made a short and wide jacket shape for Montana. Top right: Chanel seaming. Twin 
tucks nip the waist of Lagerfeld's new suit with a slim on-the-knee skirt. His revamp of 
Chanel revitalises couture tailoring and dog tooth tweed, which are seen all over Paris. 
Right: Gaultier's construct i vist chic. The fined tunic over a flared skirt makes an A-line 
silhouette and eases the strict line. Russian letters band the sleeves 

Photographs by Harry Kerr 





I rTr/. * V /•■' 









Left Comme des Garcon's pebble mid duck pinafore dress. Right: Yohji Yamamoto's 
sfim-line tailoring and banda g e-wrapped head 


Creative cutting triumphed 
at Comme des Garcons. The 
pinafore was the newest shape, 
cut 'like an elongated tabard 
and played out on a theme of 
tweedy checks in a palette of 
black and white, navy and 
cream. Jersey, indoding a stiff 
foam-backed version, was the 
most important fabric. Design- 
er Rei Kawakubo replaced her 


^JAPAtiEASY . 


martial music with swing. 

Yohji Yamamoto bandaged 
his models' heads, bat this 
looked sculptural rather than 
threatening — and so did the 
clothes. Yohji took a playful 
look at couture tailoring. Fit- 
ted jackets had castellated 
hems puffed up as balloon 






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peplums. The rest of the lines 
were slim, with a witty nod to 
Chanel in checked tweed. 

While the rest of Paris went 
for sombre colours spiced with 
red, green and icy pastels, 
Issey Miyake' went wild over 
colour: vivid mixes of apricot, 
violet and black, for knits that 
were held in shape with sus- 
pender dips. 


ALTRINCHAM; H RaiwjySt 
■R*W71b8 
BATH: 3 Cieen St 
1Bc4]tt 

BIRMINGHAM: 3>/32 Corrxyaws, St 
ia 6436570 

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WK3SS87 

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Tel 670799 

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■El 725379 

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Tel 23046 

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let 24332 

BROMLEY: 146 High Si 
"fe 2900210 

CANTERBURY: 15 Palace Sl 
Tet 964197 

CHELTENHAM: 77 rtgh Si 

Tel 5 80683 

CHESTER: 122/124 Fore®* Si 
■K 317351 

CHICHESTER: A: HandordV 17/18 South Sl 
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68 5611588 

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■61231765 

LEEDS: EtP House. 9 Eas^ate. 

■6( 431393 

LEICESTER- 99 Party a 
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louden: 

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BC4: 

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NORWICH: & Si Gn&xv * N6- J 
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NOTTINGHAM: 12c KmgSi 
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OXFORD: Bush House. 35 New Inn HdlSi 
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KILMARNOCK; At WG Gteoti 15 Bank fa 
Td 41157 


fwmdinmri 


IfcT am funha inksmahoo cofflatt. 01 278 0343 
















THE TIMES 
DIARY 


McCarthy 
witch hunt? 

As foe London School ofEconom- 
i :s governors, including Sir Geof- 
frey Howe's wife Elspeth, den- 
ounce apartheid and call for a 
review of LSE funds in South 
Africa, allow me to drop a 
potential bombshell: the LSFs 
Economics Department has inr-, 
vited Pik Botha’s former eco-‘ 
nomic adviser, Professor Colin 
McCarthy, to carry out research at 
the school in May and June, A 
member of the LSE staff who got 
wind of the invitation fears a 
repetition of the 1967 student riots 
in protest at the appointment of a 
white Rhodesian professor. Mc- 
Carthy served under Botha in 
1977 and is now head of econom- 
ics at the Afrikaans Stellenbosch 
University, alma mater of South 
African prime ministers. 

Testimonial 

1 hear of an incident almost 
straight from Clousea u. Chief 
Inspector David Gilbertson of 
Hyde Park police station got his 
hands on an anti-rape alarm and 
decided to try it out on his 
colleagues. He crept up behind 
WPC Patricia Porter and PC John 
Walters and let it off. Both 
suffered damage to their ears and 
were sent home sick. That was on 
March 10. Walters has just re- 
ported back for duty but W PC 
Porter is still laid up. Scotland 
Yard could not say when she is 
likely to recover. So what device 
was it. and is it on the market? 
"We are not prepared to disclose 
any details.** was the reply. 

Coffer time 

Neil Kin nock cannot be entirely 
chuffed with the selection of left- 
wing Lambeth councillor Sharon 
Atkin to fight Nottingham East a 
Tory marginal, at the general 
election: she has frequently 

clashed with the national leader- 
ship over black sections. But if 
anyone hoped she might be dis- 
' qualified from standing through 
bankruptcy in the face of a £3.997 
. surcharge imposed by the courts 
■ over last year's delay in setting a 
rate, they can forget iL Her 
husband is Ed Atkin, recently 
appointed director of housing in 
Lambeth at a salary of £28.000. 

Making news 

Labour whip John McWQliam 
almost gave the parliamentary 
lobby the chance to throw off its 
normal discretion in his hunt for 
. speakers for the Budget, debate. 
“Gareth.” began the bespectacled 
. Me William to someone he took to 
be Labour MP Gareth WardcII, 
“would you mind speaking?" It 
took fully 30 seconds before 
McWilliam's victim managed to 
get a word in edgeways and 
identify himself as ITN political 
editor Glyn Mathias. 

BARRY FANTONI 



n r-msoTiMEsi 
U VandA 

IJJJJ Js FLOOD 

Latest 

•Neville’s heartbroken. Not he feels 
compelled to pay the two quid* 

Faint Herts 

Attempts to calm visitors' fears 
about security at Heathrow have 
backfired. A 350th anniversary 
visit by a group of Americans from 
Hartford, Connecticut, to Hen- 
ford. Herts, has just been can- 
celled. Their travel agent wrote to 
Hertford’s town clerk. Ann Kirby, 
to say that newspaper reports 
about our gun-toling bobbies had 
raised fears lo the poim where ihe 
good citizens of Connecticut 
planned to spend the summer 
■staying puL 

Unwarranted 

Not one Geny Adams but rwo had 
walk-on parts in the bungled 
extradition of Evelyn Glenholmes 
in the Dublin high court. Taking 
the more prominent part was. of 
course. Gerard, the Sinn Fein 
leader, keeping a lower profile was 
Gerald Adams, the lawyer in the 
DPFs department in London 
who. with others, was dealing with 
the affair. 


Capital 


Although it doesn't quite compare 
with the largesse of Paul Getty, the 
Soviet embassy has sent an un- 
solicited cheque for £250 to 
Highgate Cemetery in London — 
presumably to stop the grass 
growing over Marx's tomb. 

Jumping Jack 

• The man who bestrode the trade 
. -union world like Colossus, whose 
opinion was sought on almost 
.every important decision during 
the Wilson and Callaghan govern- 
ments. is about to go public: brace 
yourself for the Jack Jones auto- 
biography. Entitled Union Man. 
it will be published this summer 
and promises to contain salutary 
advice to Norman WiUis ct aL 

PHS 


Ten yearn ago. in a speech at, 
Ruskin College. Oxford. James' 
Callaghan, then prime minister, 
sparked off the “great debate” on 
education. After castigating vari- 
ations in standards, the lack of a 
core curriculum, the gulf between 
industry and education and the 
questionable results of informal 
teaching methods, he concluded: 
“We must aim for something 
better." 

The Ruskin speech was fol- 
lowed by a senes of regional 
conferences. Parents, teachers, the 
local authorities and repre- 
sentatives of industry and trade 
unions came and debated. A 
decade later, the themes of that 
debate are sounding still. 

There have been significant 
changes. Take the role of parents. 
They did not serve as governors of 
the schools their children at- 
tended. They were seldom wel- 
come even as visitors. That 
situation was transformed by the 
Taylor Committee which, in 19J7, 
called for a quarter of places on 
governing bodies to go to parents. 
Provision for parent .governors 
was incorporated in my 1978 
Education Bill, which was halfway 
through its committee stage when 
halted by the general election. It 
became law in the Conservatives’ 
1980 Education Act 

In the Education Bill published 
recently by Sir Keith Joseph 
parent power is being further 
extended. The governing bodies of 
secondary schools are to have five 
parents. These will be empowered 
to set out their policy for what 
should be taught in consultation 
with the local education authority 
and head teacher. 

Parent power has been strength- 
ened by a right to information 
about schools, first advocated in a 
circular in 1977 and subsequently 
enacted in legislation. I did not 
require schools to publish exam- 
ination results, because com- 
parisons can be highly misleading 
if the social composition of school 
catchment areas is not taken into 
account 

Parents now at least have an 
opportunity to influence the 
education system. It may not yet 
have been fully grasped. But the 
potential is there. 

Educational change moves 
slowly. Reform percolates through 
scores of organizations and in- 
stitutions, each one with a finger 
in the pie. "You are leaving a 
ministry which works on a 24- 
hour timescale for one where the 
timescale is eternity.” a civil 
servant told me in- 1967 when I 
moved to the DES from the 
Ministry of Labour. 

An idea that fails 
through lack of 
qualified teachers 

' He' was rightl Take' the basic list 
of subjects, the core curriculum, 
advocated in the great debate. In 
many schools it is still only an 
aspiration. A highly desirable 
reform would be to base numbers 
and types of teachers on the 
subjects offered in a particular 
school. That cannot be achieved 
because of acute-, shortages of 
maths, science, craft, design and 
technology teachers. The objective 
is agreed inside the classroom and 
out. but the means are lacking. 

Similarly, everyone agrees there 
should be closer links between 
schools and industry. The concern 
is a hardy perennial. 

I became Education Secretary in 
September 1976. Project Technol- 
ogy and the Central Business 
Institute's Understanding British 
Industry were being, vigorously 
promoted in ihe schools. The 
Science Research Council was 
setting up teaching companies. 
Four-year engineering courses 
were being introduced. With 
much fanfare. 1 inaugurated a 
national engineering scholarship 


.Alison, severely handicapped by 
Down's syndrome, is almost 20. 
She sits on a bean-bag in her 
parents’ home in Harrogate, 
watching television, burbling, 
occasionally bursting into gales of 
laughter. She cannot speak. She 
loves company, music, and water. 
Give her a bath and the problem is 
gening her out ofiL She can barely 
feed herself, but let her loose in the 
garden and she eats the grass. 

On trips out she goes in a 
pushchair. Until December she 
spent every weekday at the adult 
training centre in Gateshead. 
Stimulated by the company, the 
training and the entertainment, 
she was making slow progress. Her 
mother. Anne, has now given up 
her pan-time teaching job to care 
for Alison because the family has 
moved to Harrogate, whose social 
services department cannot offer a 
(raining centre place or even say 
when one will be available. 

Her father, Roy Bradshaw, says 
the progress Alison had made in 
the ‘ three years since leaving 
school is slipping away. “Try as we 
do, we cannot at home give her the 
stimulation a training centre pro- 
vides or the expert specialist 
leaching." 

There are thousands of mentally 
handicapped children in 
Britain.tens of thousands of men- 
ially ill patients — many dis- 
charged from long-stay 
hospitals — and tens of thousands 
of disabled people for whom local 
authority social services are either 
absent or inadequate. 

Alison's case is somewhat dif- 
ferent from all th^others because 
her father works for Mencap. the 
Royal Society for Mentally Handi- 
capped Children and Adults. He is 
its northern divisional manager, 
moving to Harrogate from Gates- 
head after promotion. But despite 
his knowledge of voluntary and 
local authority support, and de- 
spite giving Harrogate eight 
months' notice of the move, he 
cannot find the services' Alison 
needs because not enough of them 
exist. What chance, then, has 
someone without his knowledge? 

In an attempt to improve 
things. Tom Clarke, Labour MP 
for Monklands West, has in- 
troduced a private member’s bill 


Shirley Williams finds urgent reforms 
still in the pending tray a decade 
a fter the *great debate* on education 

Schools: the 
lessons still 
for learning 



scheme, jointly financed by in- 
dustry and the government. 

But governments have a habit 
of abandoning or downgrading 
their predecessors’ initiatives. Ten 
years on, Britain is even worse off 
for graduate engineers and for 
people with skills in the new ■ 
technologies. Switching scarce 
places in higher education from 
the arts and humanities to science 
and technology, as the govern- 
ment proposes, will not help, for 
the schools are .not producing 
enough A-level students qualified 
in those subjects. 

The problem lies deeper. It lies 
with the shortage of science teach- 
ers and with our absurdly over- 
specialized secondary exam- 
ination system, which allows 
pupils to drop maths and science 
at 16 and even younger. 

The dispute between advocates 
of comprehensive secondary 
schools and selection of children 
for schools on grounds of ability - 
go on. and on. It will certainly flare - 
up if the Tory radical right 
succeeds in putting vouchers on 
the agenda. But in fact it is a 
dispute that is merely an echo of 
old. dead battles. 

Objective research, such as the 
ambitious study by the National 
Children's Bureau, shows that the 
qualities of an individual school 
matter more than the system. 
Good comprehensives offer a 
better education than poor selec- .. 
five schools and vice versa. The 
quality of bead and teaching staff 
is viral, although inadequate sup- 
plies of books and equipment and 
poor maintenance of school build- 
ings have their part to play in 
explaining performance. 

Today the issue of how good the 
secondary schools are is being 


overtaken by the rapid growth of 
sixth-form and tertiary colleges, 
able to offer a much wider 
curriculum than the traditional 
sixth form, and an adult, at- 
mosphere in- which discipline 
ceases to be a problem. Already 
many independent school pupils 
are transferring to local authority 
colleges for sixth-form work. 

Sixth-form and tertiary colleges 
also offer a solution to the least 
defensible and most damaging of 
all the divisions in our segregated 
education system, the academic- 
vocational divide. Young men 
and women in the tertiary colleges 
can study for technological and 
vocational qualifications along- 
side those dtfihg A-Ievels, and can 
combine subjects drawn.- from 
both; that is impossible in most 
school sixth' forms: and even in 
many sixth-form colleges. 

This new opportunity is echoed 
lower down the secondary school 
structure by the present gov- 
ernment's commendable tech- 
nical and Vocational Education 
Initiative (TVEI). These courses 
should be available to all pupils 
aged 14 and above, including 
those on academic courses. 

.. The past ten years have brought 
progress. But problems remain. 
The first revolves around 
teachers’ perception of their pro- 
fessional role. Badly paid- -and 
much criticized, not least' by. the 
. present- gov ernment . . teachers 
have become resentful and demor- 
alized The year-long dispute'has 
undermined support for. main- 
tained education, among parents 
and pupils. The teachers' unions 
have kicked into their own goaL 

But the dispute has also given 
many teachers experience ■ of 
teac h i ng without the penumbra of 


Nicholas Timmins reports on government 
embarrassment over a backbench move 
to give the disabled their rightful services 

A charter for 
home care 


which would ensure that the 
mentally and physically disabled, 
the mentally ill. and those who 
care for them all, had their needs 
properly assessed. The bill has 
acquired an impressive range of 
all-party support 

With the exception of an assess- 
ment offerers’ needs the bill itself 
provides.no new rights to services 
for such people. Bui what it would 
do - a nip what frightens the gov- 
ernment *- is to put effective teeth 
into the last major piece of 
legislation in this area, the Chroni- 
cally Sick and Disabled Persons 
Act of 1970. That established a 
right to services, from day care for 
the discharged schizophrenic to 
telephones for the housebound, 
bathing aids for the disabled and 
adult training centre places. 

Such services can be provided 
only after a person's need for them 
has been established. Many local 
authorities, faced with limited 
budgets, avoid formal assessments 
that would establish such a right. 
Services for the disabled are in feet 
rationed, the level varying widely 
from area to area. 

Clarke’s bill would ensure many 
more formal assessments, making 
it much more difficult for local 
authorities not to provide the 
service once the need was estab- 
lished. Disabled people would 
have the right to appoint a 
representative to help them during 
assessment of their needs: young- 
sters would no longer leave school 
with the prospect of little or no 
further support. The mentally ill 
would be assessed before being 
discharged if they had been in 
hospital for longer than six 


months, and for the first time the 
assistance that carers need to look 
after a mentally or physically 
disabled person adequately at 
home would be assessed. 

The bill puts the government in 
a dilemma. It cannot easily oppose 
a measure designed to ensure that 
disabled people receive services to 
which they are already entitled, 
but it is worried about the 
financial implications. Its re- 
sponse has been to issue a consul- 
tative document which supports 
the bill in principle but waters 
down its provisions. It proposes, 
for example, that the timetable the 
bill (ays down for assessing the 
needs of those leaving school 
should be dropped as too admin- 
istratively burdensome The same 
problem applies, it says, to the 
proposal that longer-stay mentally 
ill people should be assessed a 
minimum of 28 days before 
discharge from hospitaL It sug- 
gests only that local social services 
departments should be notified of 
impending discharges. 

The government endorses the 
principle that carers' needs should 
be assessed but says that to impose 
a statutory duty to do so “would 
not be right" gi ven “the pressures 
on local authority resources”. 

The overwhelming response by 
voluntary, health and .local 
authority organizations. has been 
to back the original bin, not the 
government's suggested changes; 
but local authorities are them- 
selves worried at the cost implica- 
tions of even the government’s 
more limited proposals. The 
Association of County Councils, 


pastoral duties, from school soci- 
eties to dinner supervision. Going 
back to all those duties in ret uni 
for a small pay' increase is not 
attractive to teachers. . • i 

So a choice has to be made. Chi. 
the one hand, higher rates of pay 
for a respected professional job, 
with obligations beyond the class- 
room. willingness to accept assess- 
ment of performance and agreed 
severance for those unable to 
teach or control classes effectively; 
a commitment by employers to 
train new teachers and regular in- 
service courses for serving teach- 
ers, and a professional teachers* 
council monitoring its own stan- 
dards. On the other hand, a dock- 
watching trade, paid according to 
the time spent in .'classroom- 
teaching and with no obligations 
beyond it. ' ' • 

I prefer the former. But it will 
take much self-cxamraation by 
teachers' organization^- that are 
ppisril -between militant trade 
unionism and- uneasy profess- 
ionalism. .- 

. ,Tbe administration of educa- 
tion is in flux, too. The DES is 
powerless. It tries to work through 
agencies it does not control, the 
local education authorities. The 
Cabinet impatient to get things 
done, has used die one weapon it . 
has to hand, the centrally funded 
Manpower Services Commission. 
In consequence, the MSC has . 
invaded or taken over very large 
areas of education and training. It 
is not accountable to local educa^ 
tion authorities or even to educa^ 
tion ministers, and is resented-by 
them. _ 

Bringing together 
, , : the vocational 
and the academic _ 

It is absurd for the DES to have 
no effective powers. Yet a wholly 
' centralized department which lays 
down the curriculum and directs 
teachers would be alien to our 
. tradition. • • 

Leaving it all to parents won’t 
work either. Voucher systems run 
up against the physical limitations 
of buildings and tbe management 
capacity of head teachers. They 
may be excellent in a small school, 
inadequate in a large one. 

The solution. I believe, lies in 
two developments. At the centre, . 
education and training should be 
brought together, by incorporating 
foeMSCs youth anti adult train- 

- ing function* into' foe'DES. Such 
an- amalgamation would have 
beneficial, effects in healing die 
academic-vocational divide. It 
would encourage continuing edu- 
cation and retraining among 
adults. It would create a basis for ~ 
courses combining practical work, 
training and education: these 
would appeal specially to young- 
ster tired of formal schooling in 
the fourth and fifth forms. . . 

It should be -complemented, 
however, by a further devolution 

- of’ power to school governing 
bodies' which include - parents. 
Each school, as in Hertfordshire 
and Cambridgeshire, should be 
.allocated part of the overall educa- 
tion budget to __ spend' as its 
govern ingbody chooses: on books 
or decorations or extra teachers. 
Information on how this alloca- 
tion is to be spent should bemade 
avilable to parents. Tbegoveriiing 
body could also have the power to 
hire and fire teachers, subject only 
to tbe final approval of the local 
education authority. . 

■ Education would become res- 
ponsive to those reserves, children 
and parents, at the scfrool.leyd, 
while nr government level the 
crying national needno bridge the 
academic-vocational “ -divide 
would be met. Such a_ reform 
would be a worthy sequel ter the 

■ great debate. 

The author, president of the SDP. 
was Education Secretary. 1976-79. 


which has expressed the strongest | 
reservations, estimates that a for- j 
ther £25 million a year would be 
required for assessments and be- 
tween £50 million and £100 mil- 
lion extra on services. • 

Those who have been lobbying 
ministers fear that no extra .gov- 
ernment money will be forthcom- 
ing. Clarke, supported by - Tory 
backbenchers as well as Labour * 
and Alliance, is sticking to his . 
guns. 

“We have government state- 
ment after statement saying it 
wants care in tbe community to 
develop. Norman Fowler has said 
no patient should be discharged 
from a mental hospital to a 
situation where services do nqt 
exist. Yet we all know that is 
happening. Any administrative 
difficulties could no doubt be 
eased. But we must insist that, the 
government makes available the 
necessary resource* to develop 
proper community care. _• 

“Objecting to formally assessing 
carers' needs is shortsighted. 
When an asessmeht shows that 
with a home help, ora lift. Or some 
other service they can continue to 
cope, it must- make sense to spend 
small sums of money, that . way 
rather than have the family break 
down with, the disabled person 
going into hospital or residential - 
care at a cost of hundreds . of. 
pounds a week. In some cases 
formal assessment will save public 
money, not produce extra costs. , 

“Many of these carers are 
elderly people caring for disabled 
children who are now adults. 
When the parent can no longer 
cope they can both end up in 
institutions if support services are 
not provided.” 

• While the hill would add to 
costs. Clarke said, he believed the 
scale suggested by the government 
■ is exaggerated: “In any case they 
will occur-over a periodtofryears, 
■not all at once." . • *- 

. The. bill's report stage is due-on 
April II; ibcf. government will 
produce its '-formal' amendment? 
tomorrow. Clarice said: “So far the 
government has given- die Im- 
pression that it is in favour ofthe 
principles but asked u* to accept 
amendments which would defeat 
most ofthe bffl’s objectives.” ' 


“The peculiar evil of olencin^ine finafljMO 

expression of an opinion is tigt « frwn - fob as a head- 

is robbing the human race; porter- Sr^AnS*er contributor, 
iiy as well as foe wistmggenera- ’saverv expressed his 

tion; those who dissent from the Soroama^ Hnnevford’s antu- 


hold it If the opinion is ngnt, tney — - teacher of 

SfifiKES! .SS?«asss 


wrong, they lose; what is almost as 

great a benefit the clearer percep- 
tion and livelier impression of 
troth, produced by- its collision 
-with error.” .. 

. John Stuart MiUfe words encap- 
..sulaie 'what was,. until recently, a 
common premise of British poli- 
tics, and a cornerstone of our 
ediiferioff system. It was assumed 
that, within the limits of decency 
and public order,' a British citizen 
is free to speak his mind, and that 
political decisions should not be 
taken before a period of free public 
discussion.. It was also assumed 
' dial no educational institution ax' 
the higher level, whether college, 
university or polytechnic, could 
engage in censorship and stilt 
retain its academic standing. . 

Of course, public pressures 
make the egression of certain 
opinions- difficult: Those who 
speak on ihe' “right” know that 
they must contend with a fearful 
barrage of been peasant hasplivy. 
-Nevertheless, they learn in- due 
r. course to despise: fashionable 
[: opinion and to ignore those who 
fiveby it Even in the strongholds 
of the fefr establishment, there- 
fore— in universtities and poly- 
technics - it has been possible for 
a right-winger to speak his mind. 
If his prospects have suffered, it 
has been merely because, in the 
opinion- of hisrespeciable col- 
leagues^ right-wing convidtions 
are so conclusive a sign of a 
.defective intelligence as to out- 
weigh the evidence of a lifetime's 
teaching or research. 

In recent months, however, the 
position of the .right-winger has 
appreciably worsened. His opin- 
ions, are now widely censored, not 
.only in public debate but also in 
places of learning. This » es- 
pecially' so when those -ojtinfons 
touch on |he question of ethnic 
minorities, where to divergrfrom 
the left-wing orthodoxy is foe 
smallest particular. is. to risk. the. 
charge of“radan.” "'”j 

In feet mort people do diverge 
from "this-' -orthodoxy* and are 
deeply insulted by foe accusation 
that despite their record of hos- 
pitality to . immigrants they are 
reafty "racist.” The suppression of 
their viewpoint could lead in the 
end to a dangerous reaction. 

.: Nevertheless, to speak' out for 
foe- majority over thi* issue; -on . 


victimized. Avon Education 
Authoritv has summoned to to a 
“disciplinary hearing." while tbe 
local NUT has launched a cam- 
paign of denigration, circulating 
documents calculated to nuJarae 
opinion against him arid to prej- 
udice foe outcome of Ms “tnaL 
Nobody -who writes for the 
Salisbury Review' is really safe 
from harassment and slander. 
Whether they write about “weasel 
words'* (FA. HayekX “foe politics 
of language" (Sally Shreir) or the 
difference between the sexes (my- 
self) tbe left-wing, press will find 
ways to discover therein a secret 
element of. “racism” and so to 
justify its damaging accusations- 1 
was invited recently by Leeds dry 
council , to speak publicly on the 
subject of “peace education.” and 
then hastily “disin vited” when it 
was discovered that, on this 
subject too, his opinions. would 
move dis agreeable to the fascist 
left. 

. For Ho nc yfi m i, “dismvitatiou” 
is a common -experience. When 
the ^tfudeafeVOf Oxford Poly- 
technic invited bhxtioa con- 
ference, he was not surprised to 
receive a letter from the dean of 
the faculty of educational studies 
suggesting that “there may be a 
number of reasons why you might 
consider it approjxiale to decline 
tire invitation* 1 ; nor. was he sur- 
prised when, having expressed his 
inability to disco ver such reasons, 
the conference was cancelled. 

Likewise, when Hooryford was 
invited by a student body to speak 
at Bristol Polytechnic, which is in 
fea omou^. foren about its left- 
wing bias. Every year'll organizes, 
foroughit$departBrenU>f human- 
ities, a conference on “literature- 
teaching-politics.” so as -to 
“prov flfc an Opportunityfor those 
mi .foe :feft;.coxwrerned with foe 
teaching r and studying of lit- 
craturc. - modern languages and 
atibHal studies to darns* com- 
. moo concerns and problems”. Of 
course^ no: academic institution 
could organize a i n ference ex- 
pressly for those “oil' the right" — 
still less an institution, that is 
pubfidy funded. Bui so habituated 
have we become to bias and 
hfontidation that no one dares to 
object to Bristol Polytechnic, ei- 
ther . for excluding right-wingers 
frpm its conferences or forbidding 
them fo-speakto itsstudent* 

. . Gestures that should cause an 
immediate cessation of public 


status, an 

• ’ Such feb«^ foe &ie ' rfthe - of 

Salisbury Review. Some time ago a™*® xn ® lc impunity, by 
one' of\ its cOntribr ifof* ’ Ray-peppteforw^mi^ is less 

Honeyford, questiobedfoe mfoo- : tnuh than an excuse 

dox view ofmulticidtural educa- *or politics, 
tion.- Through a;toflg< am p a i gn . o f ~ The author is editor ofthe Salis- 
oigamzgd intimidation, Ire . was ’ bury ReView. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 


3JL * 




Spring, for me, is ahyays heralded 
! by the arrrval of the first crocuses 
on the idand round Marble Arch, 
though beaven knows how they 
cross the road to. ght there. But 
what, marks the arrival of spring 
for other people? We asked a few. 
.Sir JFceddyl Mercator, Deputy 
Astronomer Royal: “Winter view- 
ing of the heavens is always a bit 
dull. You have a -Took through the 
telescope and all you see is & few 
late-night comets wending their 
way drunkenJy home,- or foe- odd 
planet,' weU - wrapped-up - and 
shivering on the horizon. Then 
' round about mid-March, you get 
this most extraordinary burnt of 
activity - great swiriing shapes, 
whorls and clusters, shimmering 
across the heavens. It’s the* local 
window-cleaner doing his spring- 
cleaning on foe telescope lenses, 
and what a 1 sparkling celestial 
display' that Windolene makes! 
Beats anything in the skies . . - 
Charles Gflttap,.. tender of the 
English rugby pack: r “England 
Must Rethink Approach.” That’s 
foe headline that always tells me 
that spring _is here. _The Five 
Nations Tournament is over, 
we>e just been . thrashed by 
France again, and the newspapers 
fell us that we have to run like tire. 
French. Terribly unfair, of course, 
because we do run tike foe French. 
The only difference is that they 
run with foe balb antLwejiist run. 
But it’s always wonderful to play 
at foe Paredes Princes, even if you 
lose, on. that wonderful green turf 
with the first snowdrops poking 
through,- foe jasmine twining up : 
foe goaljxwts and lovely fresh fish 
being sold on the touchline. What? 
No, -of course we won't, be 
rethinking our approach." 

Anna Fox-Barry, radical feminist: 
“I hate spring Spring is six* a 
sexist season; WeU, just think 
about it r all those green shoots 
thrusting up through foe earth, 
and -foe-sap rising, and foe male 
birds marking out their territory - 
well, it just makes me sick. The 
imagery , of- spring is- all male 
chauyinisL ...Which is such a 
shame, because it .riiould be the 
seasoH of birth ami foe cyde of 
' frfe. This you; I am establishihg a 
refuge for tiautaed daffodils," 5»t 
font is a& i am telling you* -because 
I refuseto talk to- male journalists 
whowiU only-make funof us. Now 
get out". 

Jwt&i; O^tehrepe, JBUdi - Yomfo 
Broker of the Year: "I love spring 


It makes me a fortune. I buy and 
sell fixtures in daffodils, hyacinths, 
narcissi, etc, and anyone who can’t 
make fifty thou a week out of that 
doesn’t deserve to be in foe City. 

- Here's bow .it works. I get on the 
. blower to ■ the London Flower 

Exchange fold I buy^say, a million 
snowdrops. No, f haven't got the 
money, but then on the other hand 
they haven't got the snowdrops. I 
then ring round foe main .flower 
brokers — well, anyway. I'm 

- pretty rich by lunch-time, let’s 
leave it at that. No, I never 
actually see any flowers. What's 

- fofcpomt?” 

Dennis Coupling, Deputy- Vke- 
\ Cmuraian of Britfeh Raik “Winter 
is a terrible "time for us - winds 
blowing down signals, snow on the 
points, but at least the tunnels are 
safe We buy very cheap fresh fish 
at the end ofthe summer and pop 
it in all our tunnels to deep-freeze 
for the winter. So spring arrives 
. tor me when I get foe first call to 
say foe tiinnds are thawing out 
and it s time to sell foe trout and 
.salmon. A wonderful moment. 
And now, if you’ll excuse me. I'm 
very busy . we’re just restocking all 
our tunnels with, foe 'new crop of 
mushrooms . : ” 

Shadow Poet Lanre- 
w ? llnot “any people 
jaow there is a Shadow Poet 
Laureate. But why should foe 

JjSgPK# 1 all the best po- 
ȣRjghi? what ^ 

to provide is an alternative poetic 

from tuSKS 

water to socialist renewal. 

rve been ham- 

ba^f™ ^ ^S- f 8 * Tories 
S^^^ehoWon spring 
Budget S 
evetyfoinr not 
. “^ mmd them having a Budget, 
I just can’t think of a riivmeT 
^™.ftM- S aU. n0rf 5 3 g^ 

berewtFgo 
jpnns poem. It's prenv 
gntty, so fasten your seat beksT** 

wandered lonely as a cloud 
JogaMs.poem 
Its about the only thing 
r flowed : • . 

- la Thatcherite Britain. ' 

- rt tyme^or^S™^ no i. a sreat 

what it 8 °* -think 

• Hattersfey in * Y** 



CM 




\ 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 



LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-4814100 

ECONOMICS OF PERVERSITY 


* »■ ,-*W 
■ L* : l v « *• 

j 

l 

- i“ r*. ; ' : 


Since .1976 the British tax- 
payer has invested £2 biltion in 

British teyiand and, during 
"the same period, the 
company’s share of the mrricet 
has been cut by half. If you are 
a backbench Conservative MP 
from a constituency that in- 
cludes car workers or a front- 
. bench Labour spokesman, this 
record presumably makes your 
heart "swell with pride. To 
anyone else, however, the loss- 
making production of surplus 
motor vehicles for .an over- 
crowded market can hardly 
rank as an acceptable status 
quo. 

That is. the justification for 
die British government’s pol- 
icy since 1980 of encouraging 
BL to cut back on . over- 
manning and restrictive prac- 
tices with a view to selling off 
the company in instalments. 
Some success in the prelimi- 
nary part of that policy can be 
claimed. The workforce has 
been halved, restrictive prac- 
tices reduced. But only the 
Jaguar company has yet- been 
.returned to the private sector. 
And the withdrawal of General 
Motors from its talks with the 
government on acquiring 
. Land Rover and British Ley- 
land Trucks — on top of the 
abandoned negotiations with 
Ford over Austin Rover — is 
disastrous for the policy. 

The proposed marriage al- 
ways had — and still has — 
industrial logic on its side. GM 
has world-wide distribution 
facilities to market the popular 


Land Rover and Range Rover. 
The combination of GM's 
Bedford truck works and Brit- 
ish Leyland vehicles offered 
just the prospect of profitable 
joint ventures that GM was 
seeking but that would have 
been a market threat to BL if 
they had been achieved with 
' some other European: partner. 
And GM has the capital to 
invest in. BL’s new develop- 
ments like the promising 
Sherpa van. 

Such a new. company would 
be considerably more than the 
sum ofits parts. Hence it really 
would be more profitable for 
GM to buy these chunks of BL 
than for BL to keep them. 
Various objections have been 
. raised. One is that GM would 
profit from past investment by 
British governments. Since the 
profits in question are hypo- 
thetical (and past investment 
in BL has not inevitably led to' 
profits), that objection should 
have detained no-one for very 
long. 

Another is that 
rationalisation attendant upon 
GM’s acquisitions would have 
led to job losses. Jobs lost 
because they represent 
overproduction in a satiated 
market will be lost anyway — 
unless they are to be perma- 
nently sustained by the British 
taxpayer. In this case, how- 
ever, the likely expansion of 
Land Rover under GM aus- 
pices would have absorbed 
many, if not ail, of the workers 
displaced by the 


rationalisation of vehicle and 
truck production. . 

But the chief obstacle has 
turned out to be those perverse 
patriots on the Conservative 
back-bencheswho prefer loses 
achieved by Britons to profits 
won under American manage- 
ment. It was to assuage their 
outrage that the Government 
and GM were negotiating an 
arrangement whereby 51 per 
cent of BL would remain in 
British hands for a period. The 
talks apparently broke down 
oyer GM’s insistence, not an 
unreasonable one, that if it 
were to inject large amounts of 
capital into BL, it should have 
an eventual option on full 
control. 

A sensible economic 
rationalisation has thus been 
averted. Other bidders, nota- 
bly a proposed management 
buy-out, are still available. But 
GM may now seek another 
partner with which to expand 
it& European production of 
trucks and vehicles. The in- 
creased competition which 
this will bring to an already 
crowded maiicet will be an 
unappealing prospect for 
would-be new owners. And if 
the new (wholly British) com- 
pany were to face job losses in 
the more competitive environ- 
ment, it is only too likely to 
seek its salvation in state 
subsidy — and if the at- 
mosphere of the last few weeks 
is any guide, to be granted it 
Such are the unintended re- 
sults of economic nationalism. 


THE GLORY AND THE BRAIN DAMAGE 


The death of Steve Watt, the 
boxer who collapsed in the 
tenth round of a fight a 
fortnight ago, has once more 
raised the question of whether 
the sport should be prohibited. 
The powerful case against 
boxing does not, however, rest 
upon fatalities in the ring. 

Death is actually more com- 
mon in other sports. Of the 
480 deaths in British sport 
between 1969 and 1980, only 
two occurred in professional 
boxing compared, to 85 in 
.motorcycling^ 93 . in 
mountaineering, 53 in 
horseriding, 16 in canoeing, 
nine in cricket, three in karate 
and a surprising six in golf 

What distinguishes boxing 
from these is that causing hurt 
and injury to an opponent is 
the very aim of the sport. It is 
also the result. Medical ev- 
idence suggests very strongly 
that the repeated blows to the 
head endured by boxers in a 
fight produce cumulative and 
irreversible brain damage. The 
noble art of self defence con- 
sists of deliberately attempting 
to inflict brain damage on an 
opponent 

Society allows its members 
to harm themselves in various 
ways, not least by smoking 
cigarettes. And when it inter- 
venes to make them avoid the 
risk of injury, as for example 
with seat-belt legislation, the 
intervention is better justified 
as a forcible reminder of risks 
that might otherwise be forgot- 
ten than as compulsory health 
and virtue. 

But no boxer enters the ring 
from absence of mind. And if 


boxers were once unaware of 
the health risks they face there, 
they are now well-educated on 
that score by, among other 
things, the medical precau- 
tions introduced in recent 
years by the British Board of 
Boxing Control These include 
an medical examina- 

tion, skull X-rays and the close 
monitoring of a boxer’s perfor- 
mance in the ring. 

Boxers who pass these medi- 
cal, barriers now enter the ring 
not just voluntarily but also 
aware of the risks. It may seem 
an eccentric decision to most 
people. But a boxer might well 
strike the Faustian bargain of 
fame, glamour and money in 
youth at the risk of shirred 
speech, uncoordinated move- 
ments and serious neuro-phys- 
ical disorders in middle and 
old age. If an adult boxer 
makes such a decision know- 
ingly, that derision should be 
accepted by the rest of us, 
however reluctantly. 

The case against boxing, 
then, foils short of justifying its 
prohibition for adults. But the 
defense of individual liberty 
does not apply to children. 
Society has ampfe justification 
for prohibiting their participa- 
tion in the sport 

In feet it does the reverse. 
Boxing is still taught in some 
schools, though in for fewer 
than twenty years ago. The 
larger cities, in particular Lon- 
don, still boast boxing dubs 
where boys as young as ten 
years old learn the sport under 
the auspices of the Amateur 
Boxin g Association. 

' This early recruitment is, of 


course, essential to the sport’s 
continuation. Almost no one 
would become a boxer in adult 
life if he had not already been 
drawn into the sport as a boy. 
So if total prohibition of 
boxing goes too for, measures 
to halt the recruitment of 
children into it are certainly 
justified. It will come to the 
same thing in the end as the 
supply of boxing recruits grad- 
ually dries up. 

Thus boxing clubs should 
not be allowed to admit boys 
until they have reached drink- 
ing age. The rides of boxing, 
after all, are heavier than those 
of alcoholism — and when the 
risk foils, the consequences are 
considerably more severe. Nor 
should schools be permitted to 
provide boxing lessons. 

These modest prohibitions 
need to be supplemented by a 
more positive application of 
the force of social disapproval 
The Departments of Health' 
and Education should mount 
major public campaigns to 
•warn parents of the nature of 
boxing — and the possible 
consequences of their sons’, 
participation in it Radio, tele- 
vision and the press should 
reflect on whether they give 
the sport more attention than, 
it deserves. Television, indeed, 
yfoich keeps much of boxing 
iflive, must ponder on whether 
it comes into that category of 
programs which deserve the 
late night slot 

Boxing is a sport that repays 
courage with disability of 
mind and body. At the very 
least, a civilised society must 
severely discourage it. 


TESTS OF CONFIDENCE 


The' latest American nuclear 
test, which was carried out at 
the weekend despite the self* 
imposed Soviet moratonum, 
has already drawn criticism 
from allies like Denmark and 
New Zealand While the re- 
action of neither Copenhagen 
nor Wellington is a very 
reliable guide on the wisdom 
of defence policies, it illus- 
trates the embarrassment of 
the Western position. To carry 
out nuclear tests when the 
Russians have called for a halt, 
looks very much like being 
against motherhood and apple 
pie. 

The United States .argues 
that it needs to continue 
testing to ensure the effective- 
ness of its strategic deterrent. 
Britain says that the means of 
verifying a C omprehensive 
Test 'Ban (CTB) are soil inad- 
equate. Both governments 
complain that the Russians 
were able to declare a uni- 
lateral moratorium last year 
because they had recently 
completed their own missile 

modernization program®*. 

There is some truth m alt 
this. Advances in the science 
of high frequency seismic 
analysis have encouraged 
hopes that the reliable identi- 
fication of underground tests 
wifi soon be possible. But by 
no means all are convinced 


and a country determined to 
evade any ban, should still 
have little difficulty in doing 
so. 

On the other hand, is it ever 
likely to be otherwise? It might 
be considered naive to suppose 
that a system could be made so 
foolproof that it would entirely 
eliminate the possibility of 
cheating. The real difference 
between those who believe in 
pushing ahead towards A 
CTB T and those who hold 
back. lies m the degree of trust 
which is held to be acceptable. 

As for the timing of the 
Soviet declaration, this reflects 
a historic difficulty over arms 
control. No moment is ever 
the right one for both sides - 
whose weapons vary in type, 
capability and age. The diffi- 
culty of equating like with like 
at any particular time is why 
progress has been so halting 
over the last 14 years. 

- It has become almost a 
truism that successful arms 
control is the product rather 
than the cause of good rela- 
tions. There have been mora- 
toria before, like that between 
1958 and 1961 when it was the 
Soviets-wbo broke it. President 
Eisenhower regarded the fail- 
ure to translate that into a 
permanent treaty as die great 
disappointment of his eight 
years at the White House. But 


to do so would have required 
more mutual trust and politi- 
cal will than was evident at 
that time. And now it is the 
Americans busily testing their 
Midgetman mobile missiles 
for the 1990s, or the British, 
working on a warhead for the 
Trident-2, who are reluctant to 
accommodate Russian offers. 

A total test ban to replace 
the partial one signed in 1963, 
remains a highly desirable 
objective for a variety of 
reasons, not least environ- • 
mental. For one thing it should 
slow down the pace of weapon 
development - whatever the 
advances in the techniques of 
computer simulation. For an- 
other it would go some way to 
appeasing non-nuclear powers 
who, having signed away their 
rights under the Nuclear Non- 
Proliferation Treaty of 1968, 
complain bitterly that the 
“haves” are not keeping to 
their side of the bargain. 

It has been reported that this 
latest American test might 
jeopardize Mr Gorbachov's 
summit visit to the United 
States this year. In fort the 
difficulty of achieving a joint 
moratorium makes it all the 
more essential that he should 
go. While in the United Slates 
he should go to the US nuclear 
test Site in Nevada. 


UK policy on 
arms control 

From the Director of the Stock- 
holm International Peace Re- 
search Institute 

Sir. The British Government’s 
position on a number of current 
arms control issues is most dis- 
appointing. The comprehensive 
test ban issue is a case in point. 
The United Kingdom has joined 
the United States in refusing to 
negotiate. This is in violation of 
the preamble of at least two 
international treaties which the 
United Kingdom has ratified. 

The preamble to the Partial Test 
Ban Treaty, signed by the UK in 
1963, reads (in part): “Seeking to 


Making a case for child hospices 



achieve the discontinuance of all 
test explosions of nuclear weapons 
for all times, determined to con- 
tinue negotiations to this end. . 

The preamble to the Non- 
Proliferation Treaty, signed by the 
UK in 1968. reads: “Recalling the 
determination expressed by the 
parties to the 1963 Treaty. . „ to 
seek to achieve the discontinuance 
of all test explosions for all time 
and to continue negotiations to 
this end. . 

At the Review Conference of the 
Non-Proliferation Treaty in 
September of last year, all delega- 
tions present — with two excep- 
tions. the USA and the UK — 
deplored the feet that a com- 
prehensive test ban treaty had not 
been concluded. 

The United Kingdom rites 
problems of verification as the 
reason for refusing to negotiate. 
This was not the issue on which 
foe tripartite negotiations broke 
down in 1980. In July, 1980. the 
UK made a joint agreed report on 
foe negotations, together with the 
USA and USSR, in which they 
said: 

The three negotiating parties believe 
that the verification measures being 
negotiated — particularly the pro- 
visions regarding the international 
exchange of seismic data, the 
committee of experts, and on-site 
inspections — broke significant new 
ground in international arms limita- 
tion efforts and will give all treaty 
parties the opportunity to partici- 
pate in a substantial and construc- 
tive way in the process of verifying 
compliance with the treaty. 

It has already been agreed that 
there would be tamper-proof 
seismological stations on foe terri- 
tory of foe parties. Since 1980 
there have been substantial ad- 
vances in seismology, with (for 
example) the new Noress system 
(Norwegian Regional Seismic Ar- 
ray System). 

The six nations which are 
parties to foe five-continent, six- 
nation initiative — Sweden, 
Greece, India, Mexico, Tanzania 
and Argentina — have offered to 
help verification with seismologi- 
cal facilities. Jn any case, problems 
of verification are matters for 
negotiation, not reasons for a 
refusal to negotiate. It is very 
difficult to defend the present 
British ppsition on this issue. 
Yours faithfully, 

FRANK BLACKABY, Director. 
Stockholm International Peace 
Research Institute, 

Bergshamra. 

S-171 73 Solna, 

Sweden. 

March 19. 

Keeping out the cold 

From the Director of the Electricity 
Consumers' Council 
Sir, As foe third reading of the Gas 
Bill reaches the Commons, it is 
important to draw attention to foe 
provisions within foe Bill and 
authorisation for the protection of 
foe consumer’s interest 

When the Rt Hon Peter Walker 
announced the privatisation of gas 
he presented it as good for the 
industry and good Tor foe con- 
sumer. It is on this latter point that 
there is most doubt, and with good 
reason. All gas consumers, and 
specially domestic gas consumers, 
require greater protection than the 
BiU and authorisation presently 
provide. 

Electricity consumers (whether 
industrial, commercial or domes- 
tic) also have a vested interest in 
ensuring that neither predatory 
pricing nor cross-subsidy unfairly 
distorts the relative prices of both 
feds. 

As a result of foe decision to 
privatise the British Gas Corpora- 
tion through foe wholesale trans- 
fer of assets to the private sector, 
foe corporation’s monopoly po- 
sition is left virtually intact. The 
Government has chosen against 
natural regulation through free 
competition and instead, will rely 
on a formal regulatory body 
(Ofgas) and a consumer council 
(the Gas -Consumers’ Council) to 
save us from predatory practices 
and declining services. Neither 
organisation is proposed in such a 
form as to be equal to the job. 

U will be a grave position for 
consumers if adequate rights of 
access to information and proper 
opportunities for genuine 
consultation are not provided for 
the consumer council within the 
legislation. There are still opportu- 
nities for amendment to make this 
Bill acceptable to consumers and I 
urge them to be taken. 

We have had one of the coldest 
winters on record and it will not be 
the last. It must provide a timely 
reminder that fuel is an essential 
commodity and that, without it. 
living conditions become intol- 
erable. Hie burden of responsibil- 
ity is wide for foe fuel suppliers. 
They are not jnsl the life blood of 
our industries and of commerce, 
they art foe lifeline for domestic 
consumers. 

Yours faithfully, 

JENNIFER KIRKPATRICK, 

| Director, 

Electricity Consumers’ Council 
1 Brook House, 

2/16 Torrington Place, WCt. 

; March 24. 


From Professor J. D. Baum 
Sir. There can be little doubt that 
the establishment of Helen House 
in Oxford, the first hospice in the 
world specifically for children, was 
a brilliantly imaginative and 
humanitarian development. In- 
deed it has been judged so 
successful that a number of groups 
have considered establishing simi- 
lar children's hospices up and 
down the country, an example 
being Martin House in Yorkshire, 
the building of which is due to 
start this summer. 

It is not well known, however, 
that scientific evaluation of the 
running, efficacy, advantages and 
possible undesirable side effects of 
the work of foe hospice, coupled 
with an assessment of the facilities 
at present available in England 
and Wales for respite or terminal 
care of children, is in hand. This 
research is now into its second 
year and is funded by the Depart- 
ment of Health. 

It is too early to report anything 
of the findings of these studies. It 
is however foe opinion of the 
hospice's research steering 
committee that it is premature to 
clone Helen House. Without wish- 
ing to constrain the com- 
passionate enthusiasm of those 
who wish to establish their own 
local children's hospice, we should 
like to point out that such 
developments at this stage are 
problematical 

For example, it was guesswork 
that established Helen House as 
having eight children’s beds. Per- 

Tax equality 

From Mr John J. C. Freeman 
Sir, I read with interest on March 
1 5 your account of foe Institute of 
Fiscal Studies claiming that Nigel 
Lawson’s proposals for transfer- 
able tax allowances were “severely 
flawed”. They, like so many 
others, are only capable of 
championing foe causes of the 
privileged to hang on to their 
advantages over foe rest of foe 
population. 

With around fonr million un- 
employed there can be no justice 
in giving 2.6 times the single tax 
allowance to two people who are 
married and both working, and 
only 1.6 tax allowance to a 
married couple with only one 
partner working; whilst at the 
same time couples living together 
and both working receive two tax 
allowances, as well as married 
couples who both work and find 


Student benefits 

From Mr S. J. Aheame 
Sir, We must treat students as our 
seedcorn. By contrast, this Gov- 
ernment seems intent on 
pauperising them. Of course h is 
necessary that students dem- 
onstrate responsibility and 
capability. Provided they do so, it 
is in society’s best interest to 
support them adequately during 
their period of full-time education. 
Moonlighting barmen make half- 
baked students. 

Individuals old enough to vote 
or pay tax on what they may earn 
are old enough to be regarded as 
financially independent of their 
parents. All capable students 
should receive foe same adequate, 
rather than generous, support 
from society through the state. 

Students are likely to lose foe 
right to supplementary and un- 
employment benefits in foe short 

Moves to Rome 

From the Reverend R. T. Beckwith 
Sir, Your Religious Adairs 
Correspondent shows less than his 
usual percep liveness in his ac- 
count of the exchange of letters 
between Cardinal Wiilebrands 
and the co-chairmen of the An- 
glican-Roman Catholic Inter- 
national Commission (March 6). 

Cardinal Wiilebrands does not 
in feci offer any change in the 
Church of Rome's negative atti- 
tude to Anglican orders as such, 
but simply to “future (Anglican) 
ordinations.” What he says is that, 
if the new commission brings foe 
ARCIC statements on foe Eu- 
charist and the Ministry into 
complete, and not just partial, 
agreement with Roman teaching 
(i.e. if it effectively repudiates foe 
Reformation), then a new situa- 
tion will be created, in which 
future Anglican ordinations can be 
recognised. 

That this is alt the president of 
the Vatican Secretariat for the 


Use of tolls 

From Professor Ray Rees 
Sir. If all we ask of tolls is that they 
raise revenue, then the Commons 
Transport Committee (report, 
March 13) is right, though its 
reasoning is not. 

The objection is not so much 
one of anomalv and illogicality, 
but of cost ineffectiveness — the 
amount collected is not worth the 
costs and bother imposed by its 
collection, and the expenses aris- 
ing out of bridge and tunnel 
operations could as well be met 
out of general road taxation. 

We should, however, be a little 
more imaginative in the use to 
which we pul toils. Many of the 
bridges and tunnels in question 
suffer severe congestion, usually 
for short periods of the day. often 
in one direction at a time. Why 
not therefore abolish tolls at any 
lime and in any direction in which 
congestion is absent, and raise 
them sharply for congested times 
and directions? 

Yours faithfully, 

RAY REES. 

University College. Cardiff, 
Department of Economics, 

P.O. Box 78, 

Cardiff. 


haps the facility should have been 
larger or smaller. It was guesswork 
that determined which children 
should be accepted for respite 
care. It was guesswork that estab- 
lished the hospice as an individual 
institution rather than a commu- 
nity-based service led by specially 
trained children's nurses. Our 
research is directed to answer 
these and other questions, such as 
how many such hospices are 
needed. 

if it appeared, for instance, that 
three such facilities were required 
for the whole of the countty, it; 
would be unfortunate if individual 
charitable initiatives resulted in 
children's hospices clustered in 
the Midlands, leaving foe other 
pans of the country unprovided 
for. 

We would urge restraint on 
those who are considering 
establishing a local children’s 
hospice. A new service is no 
different from a new drug; we 
should not unleash it wholesale on 
the community at lane until we 
have defined, by careful research, 
foe therapeutic advantages, side 
effects and indications for foe 
innovation. 

‘.Yours faithfully, 

J. D. BAUM 

(Chairman. Helen House Re- 
search Steering Committee), 
University of Bristol, 

Royal Hospital for Sick Children, 

St Michael's Hill 

Bristol 

Avon. 

March 17. 


there is a tax advantage in being 
taxed separately. 

All adults should have foe same 
tax allowance, regardless of mar- 
ital status and whether or not they 
are working. If only one partner in 
a marriage is working, then their 
partner should be able to use the 
unused allowance, and transfer- 
able allowances are a simple and 
easy way to achieve this. 

What is needed nowadays is an 
incentive for couples with families 
for one partner to stay at home 
and care for their children without 
further burdening society with 
demands for nursery facilities at 
places of work. 

Yours sincerely, 

JOHN J. C FREEMAN, 

Stable Court. 

20a Leigh Way. 

Weaverham, 

North wich, 

Cheshire. 

March 18. 


vacations: students in college will 
lose housing benefits altogether, 
students in rented accommoda- 
tion will receive considerably less 
housing benefit during term and 
will lose housing benefit altogether 
during foe long vacation unless 
they maintain residence through- 
out (consider foe need of a 
language student to spend time in 
foe country of his studied lan- 
guage). 

These are serious losses for 
individual students. To com- 
pound matters, the standard 
maintenance grant is to rise by 
only 2 per cent, well below 
inflation. 

Yours faithfully, 

STEPHEN AHEARNE, 
Canonfylde, 

Stebbing. 

Nr Dunmow. 

Essex. 

March 17. 


Promotion of Christian Unity can 
offer shows that there was nothing 
idiosyncratic in foe rude rebuff 
which the Holy Office at Rome 
gave to foe ARCIC report when it 
first appeared, for daring to de- 
viate in any respect from Trent or 
Vatican I. 

If this is as faras Rome can go. it 
sounds foe death-knell for the 
ARCIC discussions. For the co- 
chairmen of ARCIC to describe 
foe cardinal's letter as “helpful 
and timely” only shows how far 
from the realm of reality they are 
operating. There was much more 
realism in foe Pope’s words in 
Holland last May. when be ex- 
pressed his “fundamental doubts 
about foe possibility of rational 
advances in the field of 
ecumenism.” 

Yours faithfully, 

R. T. BECKWITH. Warden, 
Latimer House, 

131 Banbury* Road. 

Oxford. 

March 9. 


Future of boxing 

From Mr Kenneth E. Pottle 
Sir. How many more boxers will 
die. become brain damaged and 
mentally ill before you prim a 
letter condemning boxing as a 
“non-sport”, a “Wood sport” and 
a primitive activity which has not 
a place in a civilised society? 

We condemn bullfighting, dog- 
fighting. cockfighting etc as blood 
sports: why is manfighting tol- 
erated? And why. in our enlight- 
ened age of non-sexual 
discrimination, is womanfighting 
not encouraged along with box- 
ing? 

Boxing induces in the spectators 
an excitement and neurotic in- 
terest in violence: my opinion is 
that blows to the head, and the 
objective of knocking foe oppo- 
nent out. unconscious on the 
'floor, is a form of violence, and 
not to be compared with foe 
dangers or rough handling asso- 
ciated with other sports. Violence 
is foe vested interest of boxing. 
Yours truly, 

KENNETH E POTTLE 
28 Glebe Road, 

Barnes. SW13. 

March 18. 


March 25 2378 

The Eurydice. o Royal Navy 
frigate in sail of 921 tons, left 
. Bermuda on March 6 with 368 
people on board. Ske was sighted 
at about 3.30pm on the 24th 
bearing for Spithead. At 3.50pm 
the wind suddenly veered to 
eastward and increased to gale 
force, striking the frigate. It sank 
within half an hour. There were 
five survivors, three of whom later 
died. 


FOUNDERING OF HER 
MAJESTY’S SHIP 
EURYDICE. 

OVER THREE HUNDRED 
LIVES LOST. 

We have received the following 1 
sad news from the Admiralty:— 

“The Admiralty have received 
the following telegram from Admi- ; 
ral Fanshawe. Commander- in- 
Chief at Portsmouth:— 

“Have just received the following 
from coastguard, Ventnon— ‘Eu- 
rydice capsized off Duxmose. 
Cuddi combe, first-class boy, and : 
Fletcher saved. Tabor, first lieu- 1 
tenant, very doubtful. Steamer , 
going immediately. m 

“A further telegram Btates that 
she capsized in a sudden squall at 
half-past 4 this afternoon. 

“A subsequent telegram states 
that Lieutenant Tabor and Colonel 
Ferrier, R.E.. are dead. I 

“The Eurydice was commis- 
sioned by Captain Hare, in Febru- : 
ary. 1877, as a training-ship for j 
second-class ordinary seamen, and ■ 
she was returning to Spithead after 
a winter’s cruise in the West 
Indies. 

“The Admiral Commanding-in- 
Chief at Portsmouth has sent 
steamers to search the vicinity of 
the accident, but no further report 
has been received. 

“Admiralty, Sunday, 11.30pm.” 

(BY TELEGRAPH.) 

(FROM OUR 
CORRESPONDENT.) 
VENTNOR. SUNDAY 
EVENING. 

Her Majesty's training-ship Eu- r 
rydice capsized in a sudden squall 5 
off Dunnose, Isle of Wight, at half 1 
past 4 o’clock yesterday afternoon. r 
and went down at once. The 
schooner Emma, which was pass- 
ing, picked up five men, but some 
of these have since died. J 
Cuddicombe, a first-class boy, and 
Fletcher were saved, and Tabor, 
the first lieutenant, but it is vety ' 
doubtful whether he will recover. 
The military engineer officer was 7 
drowned. The ship was co minis- - 
sinned at Portsmouth on the 7th of 3 
February. 1877. and was ordered to , 
the West Indies. She was now * 
bound for Spithead, and was 
observed passing Ventnor a few , 
minutes before the catastrophe 
with all sail set. A snow storm then 
came on very suddenly with very 
heavy gusts of wind. Probably no 
more men have been saved than 
those picked up by the schooner, as 
a strong ebb tide was running. The 
sun came out brilliantly directly 
after the squall but nothing could 
be seen from the shore at Ventnor 
except a few large boxes being 
swept down the Channel, and 1 
certainly no boats. The schooner 
has been detained by Captain 
Roche, R.N.. Inspecting Com- 
mander. St Catherine's Division of 
the Coastguard, who went on board 
immediately with Ventnor doctors, 
and has telegraphed co the Admiral 
at Portsmouth to send round a 
steamer. 

LATER 

Lieutenant Tabor is dead, and 
his body has been brought ashore, 
so that the only survivors, as faras 
is known, are Benjamin | 
Cuddicombe, of Plymouth, and I 
Sydney Fletcher, of Bristol, first- . 
class boy. aged 19. Cuddicombe 
states that the ship capsized in a 
squall and snowstorm five miles off 
Dunnose. about 4 o'clock. More 
than 300 men were on board, all of 
whom, he believes, are lost except 
himself and Fletcher. Cuddicombe 
was among the last on the ship. 
Captain Hare was near him when 
the ship went down, sucking many 
with it. Cuddicombe and a man 
near him said that a vessel was 
dose by when foe squall came on. 
and. therefore, they would be sure 
to be picked up. He was over an 
hour in the water. Being a first-rate 
swimmer, every one called out to 
him for help. He tried to assist two 
or three, but at last four clung to 
him. and be was obliged to kick 
them off. Was well taken care of by 
the master of the schooner and 
crew. The ship left Bermuda three 
weeks ago, passed the Lizard 
yesterday, and expected to anchor 
at Spithead about 5 o'clock. 

These two men are well provided 
for at the Cottage Hospital 
Boncburch. and are under the care 
of Dr. Williamson, of Ventnor, who 
considers them to be doing fairly 
well. 

The Eurydice was a training- 
ship for ordinary seamen, and is 
officially described as “sixth-rate. 
She was under the command of 
Captain Marcus Hare." Having left 
Bermuda on her return trip as 
recently as the 6th Inst., she was 
not expected to reach Portsmouth 
for some days. Her consorts, the 
Martin and the Liberty, have 
arrived, the former at Portsmouth, 
and the latter at Plymouth. . . 

Cover-up 

From Dr P. Hickman 
Sir. Mrs Houghton (March 18) 
and the noble Lord Chesterfield 
are of course, correct: the content 
is more important than the cover 
and I am sufficiently read to know 
that “of making many books there 
is no end; and much study is a 
weariness of ihe flesh” (Ecclesias- 
tes. xii.12). 

Yours faithfully. 

P. HICKMAN. 

Scallard House, 

North Curry, 

Taunton. 

Somerset. 

March 20. 


:y.~ T" 


s2 Ilf «4 J 1 III* I i as mai ■« 






14 


THF. TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 198 6 


] ! 


W: 

rc 


si 



COURT 

AND 

SOCIAL 


COURT 

CIRCULAR 

BUCKINGHAM PALACE 
March 24: The Duke of Edin- 
burgh. President of the West- 
minster Abbey Trust, this 
afternoon chaired a Trustees' 
meeting and attended a meeting 
of the Council at Westminster 
Abbey. 

KENSINGTON PALACE 
March 24: The Princess of 
Wales. Patron. Royal School for 
the Blind, this evening attended 
a Charity Concert at the 
Hammersmith Palais. London 
W6. in aid of the Royal School 
for the Blind and the Young 
Variety Club of Great Britain. 

Mra George West and 
Lieutenant-Commander Rich- 
ard Aylard. RN. were in 
attendance. 


KENSINGTON PALACE 
The Princess MargareL Count- 
ess of Snowdon, this evening 
attended a Reception given by 
The Lord Rochester, as Pro- 
Chancellor. in the 
Cholmondelcy Room. House of 
Lords, to mark Her Royal 
Highness's retirement from the 
office of Chancellor of the 
University of Keek. 

The Hon Mrs Whitehead and 
Major The Lord Napier and 
Etirick were in attendance. 

A memorial service for Sir 
Ronald Wares will be held ai Si 
Lawrence Jewry-nexi-Guiidhall 
at noon today. 

A memorial service for Sir Miles 
Clifford will be held in the 
Chapel of the Order of the 
British Empire in St Paul's 
Cathedral on Tuesday. May 13. 
at noon. 


Forthcoming 

marriages 

Mr CD. Bellamy 
and Miss AJ. Duncan 
The engagement is announced 
between Chriszopher. only son 
of Mr and Mrs P.D. Bellamy, of 
Theydon Bois. Esses, and An- 
drei second daughter of Mrand 
Mrs W. Duncan, of Clydebank. 
Scotland. 

Mr P J. Bruce 
and Miss M. Mills 
The engagement is announced 
between Peveril. elder son of 
Lieutenant Commander and 
Mrs Henry Bruce, of Barley 
Down House. Aires ford. Hamp- 
shire. and Minna, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Neil 
Mills, of The Dower House, 
Upton Grey, Hampshire. 

Mr N. Bugeja 
and Miss C.M. Shanahan 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, youngest son 
of Captain and Mrs Paul Bugeja. 
of Siiema. Malta, and Caroline, 
only daughter of Dr and Mrs 
Thomas Shanahan, of Wan- 
stead. London. 

Mr S.R. Cross 
and Miss IX. Mackintosh 
The engagement is announced 
between Stuart Robert, son of 
Mr and Mrs Robert Cross. 8. 
Banchory Avenue. Glasgow, 
and Louisa Celia, elder daughter 
of The Mackintosh and Mrs 
Mackintosh of Mackintosh, 
Moy Hall.Tomatin. Inverness 
shire. 


Mr M.N. Jones 
and Miss C.G. Pullen 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, son of Mr and 
Mrs LT. Jones, of Pelsall. 
Walsall, and Claire, daughter of 
Mr and Mrs John Pullen, of 
Little Brickhouse Farm. Stoke 
Prior. Worcestershi re- 

Mr P.A. Landymore 
and Miss CJ. Crocker 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs V. Landymore. of 
Clvmping. West Sussex, and 
Clare, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs C. Crocker, of Sheldon. 
Devon. 

Mr R-J. Marsden 
and Miss J.S. Grow 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, only son ol Mr 
A J. Marsden. of Oakley Green. 
Windsor, and Mrs J.R-A. Peek 
of Figheldean, Wiltshire, and 
Judy, younger daughter of Mr 
S.W. Grow and Mrs N.S. Grow, 
of Houston. Texas. The mar- 
riage will take place shortly in 
Houston. 

Mr S.I. Pierce 
and Miss J.A. Watkiss 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon lan. son of Mr 
and Mrs W.H. Pierce, of 
MidhursL and Julia Anne, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs C.R. 
Watkiss, of Biggleswade. 

Mr H.D.C. Thornton 
and Miss N.A* Hughes 
The engagement is announced 
between Henry, son of Mr and 
Mrs R.C. Thornton, of OxtetL 
Surrey, and Nicola, younger 
daughter of Dr and Mrs H.V. 
Hughes, of Albrighton, 
Shropshire. 


Birthdays today 

Sir Brian Bailey. 63: Mr Hum- 
phrey Bunon. 55: Professor Sir 
Raymond Firth. 85; Professor 
Sir Patrick Forrest 63: Mr 
Robert Fox. 34; Lieutenant- 
General Sir James Glover. 57; 
Mr David Hicks. 57; Professor 
' Sir N orman Jeffcoate. 79: Lord 
Jessel. 82; Mr Elton John. 39: Sir 
David Lean. 78; Sir Bernard 
; Miller. 82; Mr Peter Orchard, 

' 59; Lord Quinton. 61: Mr AJ.P. 
Taylor, 80; Mr Peter Walker, 

' MP, 5**; Sir Frank Young. 78. 


Appointments 

Mr Michael J. Hirst Deputy 
ChiefConstable of Lincolnshire, 
to be Chief Consiabje of 
Leicestershire, in succession to 
Mr Alan Goodson. who is 
retiring in June. 

Mr R.C. Pool ion. Headmaster 
of Wyciiffe College, to be Head 
Master of Christ's Hospital. 
Horsham, from January 1, 1987. 


Royal Society 

The name of Professor 
M.FIeischmann. professor of 
chemistry. Southampton 
University, was omitted from 
the list of new Fellows of the 
Royal Society published yes- 
terday. Professor P.B. Fellgett is 
professor of cybernetics at 
Reading University. The name 
of Dr R.H.MichelL of Bir- 
mingham University, was 
misspelt 


Eton College 

The Provost and Fellows of 
Eton College have appointed Mr 
M.A. Nicholson as Vice-Provost 
in succession to Mr D.H. 
Mactndoe. 


Harrow School 

The Duchess of Aberrom has 
been appointed a governor of 
Harrow School, 


Receptions 

Lord Rochester 

Princess Margaret was present 
at a reception held at the House 
of Lords last night to mark her 
retirement from the office of 
Chancellor of Keele University. 
Lord Rochester, pro-chancellor 
of the university, was the host 

Anglo- Arab Association and 
Arab League 

Lord Caradon, Sir Richard 
Beaumont and Dr Ad nan EV- 
Amad. Director of the London 
Office of the League of Arab 
States, were joint hosts at a 
reception at the Royal Over- 
seas League. St James's, on 
Thursday, March 20. 1986, to 
celebrate the fortieth anniver- 
sary of the foundation of the 
association and to mark Arab 
League Day 1986. 

Arab ambassadors, repre- 
sentatives of all sections of the 
arab community and members 
of the association were present. 

Luncheons 

HM Government 
Baroness Young, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a luncheon at 
Lancaster House given in hon- 
our of the High Commissioner 
for Tonga. 

University College London 
Sir Peter Matthews, chairman of 
the college council, presided at a 
council luncheon at University 
College London yesterday. 
Among those present were: 

Sir James UghlhlU idtovou). Sir 
James Hamilton. Sir Arthur Sneuino. 
Professor J W MulIJn. Professor D V I 
FalrweaUier. MaK>r -General I H 
Baker. Professor A G Alexander. 
Professor R E Alison. Professor G 
Burastoct,. Professor E A Power. 
Professor N F Watson. Professor M M 
Willcock. Professor L Wolpert. Profes- 
sor T C Griffith and Mr W W Slack. 

Royal Over-Seas League 
The High Commissioner for 
New Zealand and Mrs Harland 
were entertained at luncheon 
yesterday at Over-Seas House.’ 
St James's, by Sir David Scott, 
Chairman of the Royal Over- 
Seas League, and members of 
the central council. 

Manchester Luncheon Club 
Mgr Bruce Kent was the guest 
speaker at a meeting of the 
Manchester Luncheon Cub 
held yesterday at the Free Trade 
Hall. Mr A.T. Booth was in the 
chair and the Lord Mayor of 
Manchester, a vice-president of 
the club, was among others 
present 

Dinners 

HM Government 
Mra Lynda Chalker, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was host yes- 
terday at a dinner at the 
Athenaeum Hotel given in hon- 
our of Herr Dr Egon Alfred 
KJepseh. Chairman of the 
Group European People’s Party 
at the European Parliament. 

Families for Defence 
Lady Olga Maitland, Chairman 
of Families for Defence. Patrons 
Cub. presided at a dinner held 
in the House of Commons last 
night, sponsored by Sir Antony 
Buck, QC. MP. Mr Malcolm 
Rilkind. Secretary of Slate for 
Scotland, was the principal 
guest speaker. 

National Sporting Chib 
The National Sporting Cub 
held a boxing dinner at Grosve- 
nor House last night in aid of the 
Commonwealth Games Appeal 
for England. Mr Jarvis Astaire 
was in the chair and the other 
speakers were Mr Ron Pick- 
ering. Mr Chris Brasher and Mr 
Kenneth Wolstenholme, sec- 
retary of the club. 


Church news 


Appointments 


■nr ne> SB Ashton- 

PPtKWd. Si Mary. Wrt ai Newton. 

ilVRev R W Bailey. Vicar. St Jatnn. 

Manchester. W W VK3J\ W Matthew. 
Chi&KTlon, OMDam. same «“***»■ 
The Rev J S Bain. DunstWJ* 

diocese of Durham, to beVicar. 
a8£?y Row. and Vicar. Herrington. 

82* Re?*!* Berry. prtwMn-Ctwrge- 
Bam (mot Jin Marta*. and Dtoceyaj 

Virar. All Saints. Ellon. Bury. <W»cese 
Chadwick, curatejto- 
charge. AH Sginis- Hanley. (JJJ* 
Team Muitstry of Stpke-on -Tt*i)L 

dKrw ofuStfW£ lote Tem Vjcaf. 
thSSt. Saints- 

sKSrtwtoS* wmTWhUe Waltham. 
'Sci''Ts Down. Rector^ or me 

. of Marlborough. 

Rev J FiackTVIcar. Briotfou^. 
“ Of Wakefield, to be afao Rural 
jf Brishouse and E lianrt . same 

T8e*Rev MX- Gabriel. Curate. St 

Seaton Him. in charge 

diocese of Newcastle- 10 t»e Team 

Virarln me searon Hirst Team, same 

T^^Rev J J oni Team wear. 
fa i l li KH f L diocese of York- to be 
P^S^mcUaroe. SharKton. diocese of 
Wakefield 


The Rev r j uroves. war. mi mu£> 
CMium ParV diocese of SotAhwarX. 
lo be Vicar. Christ Cnurch with Holy 
Trinity, pme. diocese of Rochester 
The Rev R ft Chittenden, pemumoa 
to official#, diocese of Exmer. to be 
Honorary Corate of OntfOfd. North 
MutMI. MartcfUn and Haibenonfbrd. 


omedlocese. 
The Rev 


jc Han. cuiw. enrnt me 

carpenter. PeMftnrouab. diocese of 
Peicrtwxouyh. to be Team vicar. SI 
Paul's. Bunuhouse Lane, ui Die 
Mean tree Team Ministry, diocese of 

Exeter- 

The Rev A E Havana. Curat*. 
Portfcdwad. dkrteM of Bam and wells, 
to be Vicar. Ail Saints. MKJUeovw. 
diocese Derby. 

Canon E J Honda. Rector. Durstcy 
with WoodmaiKot*. and Rural Dean 
of Durctey. diocese of Gloucester, to 
be Rector, Castograa with Ltvtrton. 
dlO«se of York 

The Rev N Jefferycs. Rector. 
Tetsworth. Adwrit with Sooth Wes- 
ton. Uwknow. stoke Talmiwe with 
Wheatfleid. and Rural Dean of Aston, 
diocese of -Oxford, to be vicar. 

S irenwau. am PnesMn-charge. 

home, diocese of uchffeM. 

The Rev Q L Jones, Team Virarv 
Hemel Hemnstead. diocese of St 
Albans. to ue Rector. St Ruihen. 
Longdea; Christ Church. Annscrolt: 
and St Edith. PulverbucTi. diocese of 
Hereford. 

The Rev P M Konto. Awrtiant Curate, 
Quadle with Ashton. diocese of 
Peterborough, to be Chaplain. 
Westwood House School. Peter- 
borough. same diocese 
The Rev c Laycock, Assistant Curate. 
St PauL Astley Brtdoe. diocese of 
Manchester, to be Rector. St Matthew 
with St Mary. CntmDsaU- same 
diocese. . • 

The Rev A R Lowe. Vicar. Hoxne 
with Denham and SVKham. diocese of 
St Edmundsbury and Ipswich, lo be 
also Priest- in -charge. Wingfield, same 
dtorrtt. 

The Rev R McCoPoug h. .Vic ar. 
RMiton, near Bbckbum. diocese _of 
Blackburn. 10 be vicar, recently 
milled bMWftee of ,St Matthew wvm 
Holy Trinity. Burnley- same Aoces*. 
The Rev □ Newman. Senior Curate, 
st Marys. Bushtoury. In the Bushbury 
Team Ministry, dtocexeof UddWld. to 
be Vicar. Oekbrook. diocese of Derby. 
The Rev B J Paramse. AjNrtant 
Curate. Harrogate. Owtst Church- 
otocese of Rlpon. lo be tMoceoon Adult 
Educallou Officer, and Pnesl-in- 
ebarpe. Dunsfoid. SI Mary and AH 
Satna. diocese of Guildford. 

The Rev a G B Parsons, formerly 
vicar. Sutton and bound, d i oc es e of 
Southwell, to be residaniaiy Priestjn- 
ctiarge. Samoford Oourttnay with 
Honey church and Exbourne wtm 
jacobstowe. tUocese of Exeter. 


Wellington 
College, Berkshire 

The following scholarships and 
exhibitions have been awarded 
iiil986:- 

Tin Wettest ey whourshtog J-P- 
ngnn ran Andrew^. Horsdi). 

The ffewon J.MC. Smtm 

fMiibournei Loaoev 
A m alor sc holarship for dtoBKtton to 
mathemaOcs: R.J. toms tst Bede^rt. 


University news 


Oxford 
Elections 

555S5T 

Paton. BA i, Melbourne V pro xiroe 
accesstt; Dr GSen Jotin Strawso n. 
MA. BPflU. DPhll. to a lecturership in 
DhUosobhy for two years from Octo- 

M an 

honorary fellowship from February 
19. 

Essex 

Honorary degrees are to be 
conferred on the following: 

Sir Geoffrey Allen, director of 
research and engineering ai 
Unilever Sir Vincent Evans. 


judge of tbe European Court of 
Human Rights; Sir Denis 
Forman, chairman of Granada 
Television; and Professor Sir 
Randolph Quirk. President of 
the British Academy. 


Glasgow 

Dr Ann Barrett, consultant 
radiotherapist and honorary se- 
nior lecturer at the Royal 
Marsden Hospital and Institute 
of Cancer Research, London, 
has been appointed to the new 
chair in radiation oncology from 
July 28. 





Trau8hlon 

T»b open ochibfaons: tt.NM. 8u£ft»n 
(Caste Home and wetltaguM College). 
SJ. Birkenhead rvaietey Manor). _ 
Three music sdigtanhwc: J-A-S- 
BayiH (MUboutne Lodge). N.C Lord 
-‘fia House _ Attetnatfaciai . Junior 
school). Fiona MachlnLosh 
iGinshwough School). 
two itiudr exhlbUtora: DJC, Mam 
(Bmw Cathedral Schoou. Lucy CurUs 
CSherboroe School tor Girls). 


Winchester 
College .. 

Music exhibitions have been 
awarded as follows: • 

D.J. Moor* - motor award 
(MUboume Lodge School- Esher). MJ. 
Birch JMvto CoIti^PmpwwSy 
ScbooL London, sfelj. A.E.W. 
Onw {Dulwich Colleoe Pruraarai " 
school). H.G.C. Humphry <5u*»^- ; - 

^y3«l rd (Moandntten 

School. Ramsey). 


Latest wills 

Mrs Murid Gwendolen Thur- 
sunt Askew, of Chelsea, London 
SW|. left estate valued at 
£3,264.177 net. After several 
bequests and effects she left 
£25,000 and a .fourth of the 
balance to the National Trust 
£10,000 and a fourth of the 
balance each to the Victoria and 
Albert Museum and tbe Na- 
tional Gallery, and £5,000 and a 
fourth of the balance to West- 
minster Abbey. She left the 
residue equally between the 
National Trust and the Victoria 
and Alben Museum. 

Bettv Joan Cox. of Burgess 
Hill, West Sussex, left estate 
valued at £1,551,750 net She 
left £200.000 to the Newby 
Trust, Froxfield, Hampshire, 
and £5,000 each to PHaB and 
the Impend Cancer Research 
Fund. 

Other estates include (net, 
before tax paid): . . 

Mr Alfred Augustus Bardo. of 
Whitchurch, Cardiff. South 
Glamorgan left £842,701 
Miss Lucie Ellen' Affsop.of 
Bognor Regis - £738*230 


Science report 


Genes clue to origin of races 


The idea may seem breath- 
taking the 4,000 rnOlion of 
us who inhabit (Us planet, with 
its myriad races, all originated 
from a handful of individuals 
who migrated from Africa. 

Bat powerful evidence hi sap- 
port of die theory has come with 
an exerdse hi genetic detection, 
showing a common denominator 
hmoug people. It involved stud- 
ies into nuioas proteins that 
carry fundamental cbaracteris- 
. tics of individuals and groups. 

Homanldnd almost certainly 
'originated in Africa bat the 
records provided by fossils aie 
too scanty to show how homo 
sapiens spread to other parts of 
tbe world and bow present-day 
races evolved. 

The use of a genetic technique 
*has now established how the 
modem races are interrelated, 
and also that the population 
which originally migrated from 
the African continent was very 
small. At most only a few 
hundred individuals. 

Relationships between dif- 
ferent human populations were 
investigated previously by 
comparing the frequencies of 
proteins that govern such things 
as Mood groups. But many of the 
protein products of genes can be 
coded for by a number of 
different DNA sequences, and 
study of Che variability of tbe 
sequences themselves gives a 
direct and more accurate picture 
of tbe underlying genetic 
relationships. 

Dr James Wainscoat and his 
colleagues at tbe Medical Re- 


By Dorothy Bonn 

search CoondTs Molecular 
Haematology Unit m Oxford 
used enzymes to split up the 
gene coding for a blood protein, 
beta-gjobin. which forms part of 
the haemoglobin molecule, into 
five tiny fragments of DNA and 
then compared the variability of 
these fra g me n ts among 600 
people from eight diverse 
populations - British, Cypriots, 
Italians, Indians, Thais, 
■Melanesians, Polynesians, and 
(Africans. 

The combination of die five 
DNA sites- could produce 32 
possible different pattens 
(feaptstypes), but only 14 ware 
found, and only, five of these 
were at all common. Moreover, 
of two pattims commonly found 
in Africans, one was very rare in 
other populations and the other 
was absent, and tbe commonest 
baplotype in all (he non-African 
popsiatKwas was rare in tbe 
Africans studied. 

Thus, mankind shows a major 
division between an African and 
a non-African lineage. 

This means that a stogie 
grou p of migrants .from Africa 
gave rise to both Caucasian and 
Mongoloid races, a finding that 
conflicts with the evidence. from 
Mood, groups, which has always 
been interpreted as Indicating a 
primary split between a Mon- 
goloid group, on die one hand, 
and an Afro-Omcasian group, 
on the other. 

Although b«nan fossfis are 
sparse, their distribution sug- 


OBITUARY 

MR DEREK FARR 

Character actor of stage 
and screen 


Derek Farr, a character 
actor who had a 
the theatre, films “fu- 

sion, died on March 21 at the 

^toreeidolofthel^Os 

he played leading roles in 

films such as f SJ ' 

in the 1950s and had latiem 
been known to younger audi- 
ences through his television 
*vork- u 

He first came to J* : 
the star of pre-war British 

fil ‘Born in Oiiswick, London, 
on February 7, 1 1912. . he^ 
educated ai Oanbrook School 
and was a schoolmaster betore 
be turned to acting 

He made his first stage 
appearance at the Bara Th^ 
aue, Oxted, Sumy, m 1937, 
and his West End debut in 
1939. His first film parts, m 
The Outsider and Spellbound. 
in which he had the lead as a 
young man whose fiancee 
comes back from the dead, 
came soon afterwards. 

His career was- interrupted 
by the Second World War, in 
which he served in the Royal 
Horse Artillery, taking part m 
the North African campaign 
and D-Day landings. 

After demobilisation, he re- 
turned to the stage and for the 
next 25 years he was in steady 
demand in both the. theatre 
and the cinema. 

He was a reliable, ad ap ta b le 
actor, equally at home in 
comedies,, thrillers and 
straight dramas. Among his 
many West End plays were 
Murder Mistaken, Trial and 
Error and Wolfs Clothing and 
'in 19.67 he alternated two 
'.leading parts in the farces. 



Fair in the 1950s 

Vprcuzr in the House and L& 
Sleeping Wives Lie , at the 
Garrick. 

Two wars later he took over 
the role of Gilbert JBodiey in 

The tong-running comedy, .'Vo/ 
Xo*- Darling, at the Strand. 

His cinema appearances 
were usually - in supporting 
parts and among his films 
were Quiet Weekend. Reluc- . 
tarn Heroes , The Dam Busters, 
Doctor At Large and Thirty is 
a Dangerous Age, Cynthia. 

He was also much seen on 
television, his credits includ- 
ing popular series such as 
Dixon of Dock Green , Corona- 
tion Street, Crossroads, The 
Duchess of Duke Street. 
Rumpoie ef the Bailey and 
Bergerac. 

A . respected member of the 
theatrical profession, he 
served for many years on the 
. executive committee of The 
Actors Charitable T rust. 

He is survived by bis second 
wife, the actress Muriel 
Pavkw. 


MR STANLEY WOOTTON 


gests that the- first wave of] 
emigration from Africa took 
place wound 50,060 BC and that 
modem man ms widespread is 
Europe and Asia by 30,000 BC 
It has been argued that the 
relatively sudden emergence of 
any new species or snbsperies. of 
animal over a wide area points h» 
simultaneous evolution of vari- 
ous populations at the frontiers 
of migration. 

That widely separated popula- 
tions should evolve along the 
same lines is, in fact, »«y 
unlikely, and the genetic homo- 
geneity now demonstrated 
among diverse non-African 
populations strongly suggests 
that they shared a common 
centre of origin.- 

Expand big human popula- 
tions arerknowu to have spread 
qniddy in tbe past. Once man 
Teached the American continent, 
12,000 years ago. he reached the 
southern tip of South America, 
within a thousand years. 

If tbe population that orifF 
fatally left Africa bad been large, 
genetic variability among its 
descendants would be expected 
to be mucli tbe same as that seen 
in present-day Africans. 

_ That all uoa- African popula- 
tions have lost tbe predominant 
haplotype of a common gene' 
suggests that tbe founder 
population df non- African man 
was small and iughly inbred. 
This seems to be the only 
plausible explanation for such a 
larae degree of M geuetic drift". 

Source: Natan, Feb 6, p 491, 
19*6. 


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BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, 
DEATHS and IN MEMOR1AM 
£4 m line 4- 15% VAT 

Iminrmum 3 Lmcsl 
Announccmemi. iuiticnucaicd b> ihe 
name and permanimi -udreu of ibe 
wndcr. mai tv sem ift 

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Births, Deaths and In Memoriam 


Cnroi afeowflm-ti for is. toning us an 
exam ole. imi ye mould follow inssra. 
i a. mcr s-. at 


BIRTHS 


BALL Marx and pippa are pleased lo 
announce Die rnnn of a son Mai 
Uiew. at toe Royal County Hospital. 
Winchester on Ihe isui March. 
BAYHHAM - On MaWi ZSnd at RAF 
Hosmial. Wed&erq. to Jan« inee 
Holoate) and Simon, a son Nicholas 
William, a brother for Caroline 
CAMERON On Z2nd Marcn ai Epsom, 
to Lorna (nee Partceri and Charles, a 
daughter. Claire Louise. 

. enrol also suflered lor im teaUnousan 
example, max yr mould idlow ha step* 

I St Peter S ■ SI 

CROFT -RAKER - To Sandra and Hen- 
ry on March 21sL a son Wilhaih 
Peler Henry, a brother for Sarah 
DEL RfCCU On March SIN. in 
London to Diana and Crtsnano a 
daughter. Beatrice, a osier for Faico. 
ELKINGTOH - On March iBUi lo Mary 
and Robert a daughter iLoutsa Alice 
Rosemary). 

FISHER On 2lsl March, lo Monica 
ineePrino-Milli and Adrian, a daugh- 
ter (Stephanie Maria babelL a sister 
for Andrew. 

GREEN - On 22nd March 1986. to Ju- 
lie tnee Merten ana Richard, a son 
Thomas James Andrew. R.U.H- Bath 
HARFORD On 21st March 1986 at 
Malmesbury Hropti.il to Edward and 
Rosie, a son. a brother for James. 
BUFFINGTON - Born lo Valerie and 
Mark, a son William John Earl. 
HURLEY • On MarcU'teh to Janet fnte 
Ryan) and Roger, a nan cnspian 
James. ,- . . . . 

LEA - On March St Luke's 

Hospital to F rankie tnee Chrtstiej and 
Graham a daughter Felicity, sister 
for Abigail. 

NICHOLS -On March 2ist. at Dorches- 
ter Hospital, to Stephanie inee wells) 
and David, a son John David. 
FHHJ4PS On 18th March, lo Jacgui 
and Alan, a daughter, Natasha Leah. 


On March 16th to AmarxW- 
Jane and Geofirev. a daugnter Emily 
Bronwen Amanda, a seder for 
Alexandra. 

ROBINSON - On March 21 ui Exeter lo 
Sails- mee Miller i arid Chns a son 
Nichol as Fltzroy. 

ROTTEHBUKG On 20th March to Vir- 
ginia i nee Seymour) and Alexander 
at Westminster Hospital, a son Wil- 
liam Alexander Seymour. 

SCOTT - To Judy mee Trofford) and 
James, a daughter Alexandra Lilian, 
on 2lst March, a sister for Vanessa. 
Tessa and Arthur. 

SEIG . to David and Suzy (nee Morns) 
ai Mount Aitemia Guildford on 18th 
March, a da ughter • Sophia Emma. 

TRASMSTEH - On 21 si March 1986. 
In Htng k'ong. to Elisabeth mee Ross) 
and Mark, a daughter, a sister for 
Sophie 

WtLKtKSGN - Born on March tTlh. to 
Saran inee Rhodes) and Alan. In 
Preston. Lancashire, a daughter 
Lucy Elizabeth Anne. O mane 
putchra fitta pufehnor. 

WILLIS . On I9Ui March, lo Amanda 
and Graham, a son. Rictiard. a broth- 
er for Emma. 


DEATHS 

ALEXANDER - inee Dixon) on 21st 
Marcn. peacefully ai Harefleid Hos- 
pital, Helen Mary, much loved wife 
of Michael and very loving mother of 
Bridget. Alison, and Michael and 
grandmother of Chartoue and 
Hanenc. Funeral Service ai Chaffoni 
SI dies Pansh Church on Wednes- 
day 2nd ApnJ at U. 1 5am. followed 
by pnvate cremation, no (lowers, 
please. Donations tf desired the 
N S P CC. 

ASHLEY - On 19th March. Francis 
Edged M C.. loved husband of Molly 
and father of the fate Francis William 
iBjIIi Pnvole funeral on Tuesday 
25 lh March at 4pm ai Torquay Cre- 
matorium. No (lowers at h«s reauesL 

BASSETT -On March 21 1986. peace- 
fully at Mount Aivemia Hosmial. 
Guildford, after a long illness home 
with greai courage and dignity. 
Joyce, much loved wife of Ted and 
dear mother of Anne. Funeral ser- 
vice Horsell Church. Woking. 
Thursday March 27 at 3 pm. tot- 
lowed bv nemauon. Flowers to 
Woking Funderal Service. 1 19 Gotd- 
smith Road. Woking, or donations if 
d enred t o cancer Research. 

■ATTERBURY Hugh Basil John, aged 
90. peacefully Funeral 1 1 30am on 
■Jlh April at St John s Church. SW- 
cup Mo flowers. Husband of Inez. 
father of Paul and grandfather of 
Simon and Sarah. R.I.P. 

POWER On 2ts| March 1986 at 
Brnaameati Rest Home. Nr 
Newbury. Mary Morns aged 84. sis- 
ter of N*ia and Roger. Funeral 
Service Salisbury crematorium 
13 45pm Thursday. 27Ui March. 

CHECHLAND - Sydney George F BA . 
FRSt. aged 69. peacefully on 
Match 22nd after a long illness. cou> 
rageously borne. Beloved husband, 
father and grandfather. Funeral 
1 1.30am Thursday March 27th at 
Chesterton Pansh Church. Cam- 
bridge. Crematorium private Family 


flowers only Donations, tf desired, 
to Mane Curve Memorial Founda- 
tion. 28 Brtgrave Souare. London 
SWXX 8QG. 

CLINTON-BAKER - Anne on March 
22nd peacefully at home in New Zea- 
land. loved wife of BUL mother of 
David. Michael. Peter and Jamie. Do- 
nations if desired u Cancer 
Research, please. 

COLVIN - On 23rd March 1986. Hugh 
EUioi Colvin, much loved by Bate. 
Hilary. Julia, and his grandchildren. 
Cremation private. Tuesday la 
April. Memorial service to be an- 
nounced later. Flowers to D K 
ShergoUL Ftsherton Street. 
Salisbury. 

CROILAND - On 22 March at the Ches- 
terfield HospitaL CUfwm. Bristol. 
Francis Henry, aged 76. beloved hus- 
band of Dee and devoted father or 
Jane. Anne and Jonn. Funeral Ser- 
vice at All Saints Church. Cllflon. 
Bristol, at 1.15 pm on Thursday 27 
March, followed by eremanon at 
South Bnsioi crematorium. Family 
flowers only. Donations If desired to 
All Saints Church. CUfton- 

DE LA MARE - On March 22hd- peace- 
fully at home at Cumnor. afler a 
short illness, ui lus flStfi year. RWi- 
ard much loved husbandof me late 
Catherine and father of Tilly. Giles. 
Richard and Sen. Funeral service at 
St Andrew's Church. Much 
Had ham. on Thursday March 27th 
at 12 noon. Family flowers only. Do- 
nations M St Andrew* ChurehjC-o 
of the Rectory Much. Hadbam. 
Hertsfordshire. 

FARR ■ On 2lst March l was. 
ty at Mount Venvor Hospital, after a 
short and courageous fi^u agains 
cancer. Derek Cape I ■ adored and 
adoring husband of Munet. betoved 
S of Prier and m. wrad unoe 
Dee of Smxm. Serena. Jaime. Salty 
and Suae, great-uncle of Beihan Joe. 
Angus and Emily, aiw 4 e f®h f 
mourned by Muriel's family tn Lau- 
sanne. Switzerland Funeral service 
Breafcsprar crematorium. RulstiP. on 
Thursday March 27th at I2.30om 
i East Chapel). Flowers to T A 
Ettemeni and Son Ltd- 21 Bndoe 
SireeL Ptaner. Donations tf desired 
to the Actors Charitable Trust. 
Denville Hall. SB Ducks HtU Rd- 
North wood. Middlesex. 

FRANKS - On March 23rd. peacefully 
at ParnsWe Nursing Home. Bansieod. 
Kate Boost. In her 9Wi year, wife of 
the late Arthur Franks, beloved 
mother of Manorle ana Dkk and 
much loved granny and (peat Bran- 
ny. No letters ptease- 

FREEMAH - On 20th March 1986. 
Barbara Freeman, formerly of OM 
Bucnnurst. aged 88. Cremation pri- 
vate. Memorial Service at the Old 
Meeting House, aessets Green. 
Sevenoaks. Thursday 3rd April at 
3.00pm. 

BRANT - On March 22nd 1986. peace- 
fully In hospital. Dr. Alastatr 
Robertson Gram O.B.E.. aged 95 
years The dearly loved husband of 
the tale Mane and dear father of Ali- 


sa and a loving grandfather Of 
Andrew. Charles and Luanda. Fu- 
neral Service and tnternwnL 
Gop m argh Parish Church, nr Pres- 
ton. Lancs. Thursday 27th March 
1986 al 1 1 50am. No flowers mease, 
but donations if desired to Cancer Re- 
search. c/o of the Funeral Director. 
Arrangements Messrs. H Whatley & 
Sons. 94 Ripon Street. Preston, lei 
0772 64926. 

HALL -On Friday 21si March 1966. tn 
hosrttaL Nancy Armttage Halt, wid- 
ow of a. A. (John ay i Hall, of QticKet 
SJ. Thomas and Camoys Court. 
Chisel ham ptor. Cremation Service 
at Oxford Crematorium. 1030am. 
Tuesday 1st April 1986. 

HAMMER - On March 20th 1986. 
peacefully at heme. LL Col. R-G. 
Hanimr. late P.A.V.O. Cavalry 
(F.F.). Privately cremated. No Me- 
morial Service. 

HOWARD On March 21st Hubert of 
Ranvllles Farm. Ramsey, peacefully 
tn his 85th year, beloved husband of 
Moira and father of David and Lyn. 
Funeral Hornsey Abbey. Wednesday. 
March 26m. 12 noon. Flowers to a 
H Cheater & Co. Rerasey. 
HampMuf*. 

HUGHES - On March 21SL peacefully 
, Frank Rhys of Metksham. banal ser- 
vice al 2 00pm. on Wednesday 26th 
March, af MWfcsham Parish Church. 
No flowers. Donations if dedred 10 
RS.P.B. 

HURST - On March 20th. 1986. peace- 
fully ai home. Elspeth Maud of 
Hillside. Lye Green. Crowborough. 
widow of Charles William Hurid and 
beloved mother of Barbara. Eliza- 
beth- Joan. Henry and Timothy and 
also a much hived and respected 
grandmother. Senior at Eridgr 
Green Church on Thursday 27th 
March ai 3.00pm followed by private 
cremation. 

JONES Clarence Medlycoil iJtmmyL 
Peacefully on 22nd March af (he 
Royal Free Hospital aged 73. Dearly 
loved by h» family and friends Fu- 
neral on Thursday. 27th March at 
330pm at GoWers Green crematori- 
um. Flowers and enquiries to J H 
Kenyon Ltd. 9 pond SL NW3 101 - 
794 3535), Donations tn lieu of 
nowers lo Cancer Relief. 
KELLAGHER * Ob 23rd March 1966 
tn Suae, peacefully afler a stroke. 
Nora k'ei lasher, much loved widow 
of George Ketiagner. Cremation pri- 
vate. Family flowers only, but 
donations Mease to Stratton Church. 
Memorial Service to be announced. 
KNIGHT - On Ihe 22nd March, peace- 
fully at Tylhegston Court. Henry 
Louqber much loved husband of 
Pamela and father of Rooert Ed- 
ward and Richard. Private family 
funeral service at St John’s Ch urch, 
Newton. 2 30cm. Thursday 27th 
Marcn. Flowers and emutries to 
James Summers Funeral Director*: 
Cardiff (0222 484506). Memorial 
service Friday 25th ApriL 1 1.30am. 
ai Notion Church. BnOpend. 

LEWIS On March 20 th 1986 . Henry 
GethUi Lewis. K.STJ., J.P.. D-L-. 
aged 86 . beloved husband of Joan, 
devoted raiiier and arandfatiier. late 
of airrswe. Fenartfc. Funeral, family 
only, at Porthkerry. Details of Me- 
morial Service to be announced. No 
tellers mease. 


MANSELL On March 22nd peacefully 
at Wnngton. aged 87 years. MoUy- 
flear wife and moths' of the late Air 
Vice Marshall Rex Manseti. Tony 
and Jim and Grandmother of Stmon 
and Penny. Family cremation. 
Thanksgiving Service at wnngton 
Church. Thursday March 27th at 
2.30pm. Family flowers only please. 
Donations If desired to Wrtngton 
Church. c/O the Reverend D Hooper. 
The Rectory. Wnngton. 

MARCAR. Qregory. of Summer Leas. 
Coombe Park, on March 20th. peace- 
fully in his 80th year. Loving 
husband of Geny and very dear fa- 
ther of Alex. Helen- Stephen. Hriga 
and Michael, and much loved grand- 
father. Church service at SL Peter's 
Church. Cranley Gardens. London. 
SW7. on Wednesday 26th March at 
2.30pm. followed by private family 
funeral. No flowers. Donations tf so 
deemed to the Renal UalL Charing 
Cross HospitaL Fulham Palace Road. 
London. W6. 

MERTON On Sunday 23 March peace- 
fully at home Air Chief Marshal Sir 
Waiter rwillle) Merton. G.B£. 
K.C-B-. very dearly loved and loving 
husband of Peggy, beloved father of 
Robin and grandfather of Simon and 
Louisa- Funeral at the Church of St 
Mary and St Nicholas. Wilton, on 
Tuesday tst April at 2.30pm. fol- 
lowed by private cremation. By his - 
express wish, no flowers and there 
will be no Memorial Sendee. Dona- 
tions if desired to the Royal Airforce 
Benevolent Fund. 

MORGAN On March 2 1st. peacefully 
tn the Princess AUce Hosotce. Wini- 
fred aged 85. much loved mother of 
Bill and grandmother of Stephen. Fo- 
tierai service Tuesday. 1st April at st 
Mary’s Parish Church. Men on 
SW19. at 2-OOpm. All flowers and 
enquiries to The Ashton Funeral 
Service. 01-946 1061. 

MURPHY - OH 17tn March, suddenly 
while on holiday (n Spain. Thomas 
Robert William Murphy, aged 66 
y earn a much loved husband and fa- 
ther who will be greatly ntissed. 
Funeral Servx* at St. Frauds Ro- 
man Caihohc Church. Natisea. 
Bristol. Thursday 27Ui March at 3 
pm. foUowetf by cremation. Family 
flowers only please, but donations 
may be sent for Cancer Research, 
c.-o Arthur E. Dav'ty & Sons Funeral 
Directors. 92. Silver Street. Naflsea. 
Bristol. BS19 EDS. 

HEVHJL on March 23rd peacefully fa 
her 96tn war Winifred, most ' be- 
loved mother of Diana, devoted 
granny of George. Lb. Marti and 
Dan. and all great grandchildren. Fu- 
neral Service at St Nicholas Church.. 
Pyrford on Thursday March 27th at 
l2.45om. followed by Cremation at 
Woking SL John's crematorium: 
Flowers may be sent to G- Bouteli & 
Son. 50 High Road, ayfleet- Tet 
Byiket 46037. 

POLLOCK - Hugh at Pembro k e House.' 
Gtlbnghdm. on 21 St March aged 77. 
Service at Medway crematorium. 
4,00pm Wednesday 2em March, 
Jesus said -Come Unto Me“. 


RRHNCK. Gerard Galloway. on March 
23rd suddenly at home, aged 64. 
Dearly loved husband of Feactty. 
much loved father and grandfather 
Funeral arrangements later. Family 
nowers only. Donations to British 
Limbless Ex Servicemen's 
Association. 

wam ow In too de Jankto 
on 21*1 February 1906 

SAW • On 23TO March 1986. peaceful-: 
ly at her home. Ruth Lydia Saw. 
aged 84. Emeritus Professor or Aes- 
thetics in the University of London. 

STEVENS - On 2 1 si March 1986. Joan 
Charity MAE, FS. A.. Me CoUasj 
ai her home Le Petit Mourler. St 
John. Jersey CL tbe last widow of 
Charles, devoted mother of John. 
Codetta. Philip and Rtchaml. Pitcher 
and Le Quasne Funeral Director Ja> 
sey.Cf. telephone 0634 77936. 

S'llSTED - Angela Maty, beloved wife 
of the tale Henry C. G. Stifled on 
March isth. will always be remem- 
bered by her sons Charles. John. 
Christopher and Peter and their tamr 
Utes. Cremation wfll take place on 
Tuesday 1st April at midday a 
Mornake Croiiatoriuin. Richmond. 

STONE, on 20th March 1986 al 2. 
Birch Close. AM wick. Bognor Reg*. 
Ross Young (paest). aged 70 years. 
Beloved husband of Bettine and dear-, 
ly loved fatter and grandfather. 
Rea utom and funeral at SL Richard's 
Church. AMwick. on Wednesday 
26th March 1986 at 11.30 am. and 
followed by cremation. FamHy Bow- 
ers only to Reynolds Funeral 
Dtredora. Bognor Regs.. or dona- 
tions K desired to Save the Children 
Fund, 17 Grave Lane. CamberwelL 
London SE6. 

SWriNSORD EDWARDS, Peacefully at 
home on 19th March aged 90. Irenfc 
much loved ami. great-aunt and 
great meat-aunL Funeral at St Paula 
KitighUbi-Mge li.OOam Wednesday 
2nd April. Ftowere from famity only 
but chart ladle donations pfease con- 
tact J H Kenyon Ltd. 12 CMlteRr 
SlrwL Wl. 01-936 3728. . - 

TAYLOR - Qn Palm Sunday, peaceful- 
ly with tier family after a snort 
Ditto®. Sylvia (Margaret).' beloved 
wtfe of George, and much loved 
mother of John and Jane.- Service at 
the Church of the Hoty Angels. LillK 
puL Poole, on .Tuesday 1st April at 
1 1 .45am. followed by private crema- 
tion. Family flowers only. Donations 
If desired for -the Westbourne Eye 
Hospital (Eauipment Fund) may be 
sent to Dpnc-Scott. ftortman Lodge 
Funeral Home, aournemouih. 

TOWS - Dr David Mantneau. 
233.86. aged 77 at Queen Victoria 
Hospital. East Grinstead. Sussex, af- 
ter Illness borne with fortitude and 
humour. Funeral at Surrey and Sus- 
sex Crematorium. Crawley. West 
Sussex, a JO pm. Thursday 27 

March. Ftowox to F BrfnfcfnusT and 
Sen. Hortofea. ungfieW Road. East 
Grinsuad, West Sussex. . 


BIRTHDAYS 


cHBS. Happy Birthday, cowatuia- 
bans on'refKMM 40. 1 .kw* vou. &. 


■ Mr Stanley Woortoo. MC, 
Jp, who made a repmaiion as 
a trainer of jockeys as well as 
offocsbs, diedon March 21. at 
ihe age .of 88. 

For more than 30 years 
Epsom’s “Lord of the 
Manor?, be was also regarded 
as the saviour of the race- 
course and training sea. 
1 through his leasing of his own 
holdings on Walton Downs 
• and . associated exerdang 
rights to the Levy Board in 
1970, for a negligible rent. 

< He was horn on June 28, 
1897, of a famous racing 
family which came to this 
country from Sydney. His : 
father set up as a successful 
trainer at Epsbro wbere he 
soon made a reputation as a 
“schoolmaster” for talented; 

. apprentices. 

His skill in this difficult 
field was, howp/er, to be 
surpassed his: soh~ wfio' 
succeeded- him at Treadwell 
House/.- ... . ... - . .. 

Although outshone, in the 
saddle, by his elder -brother 
. Frank who . was champion 
-jockey' in 1 four consecutive 
years from '1909 to 1912, 
Stanley Wootton was an excel- 
lent rider himselC winning a 
Chester Cup as a fledgling in 
49L0. •' 

He wqn the- MUitary Cross 
when serving with the' Royal 
Fusiliers - during the First 
Worid-War. 

. Among This . first patrons 
when be turned to training in 
1 920 »^re the late Sir Edward 
Hulton and Sir Alfred ButL As 
an owner such horses as 
ftfohoime and Thames Trader 
' brought distinction to his well 
.known cerise, gold sleeves, 
blue cap colours. Among great 
. jockeys who served their time 
with him were Charlie Smirice, 
Ken Geihin, Staff ' Ingham. 
Jackie Sirett, Joe Marshall and 
Peter Ashworth. 

A man of quiet, thoughtful 
charm and shrewd business 
ability, he bought 296 acres on 
Walton Downs in- 1927 and 
leased another 195 acres on 
Epsom Downs. These 
downlands . had traditionally 



been ' associated wiih race- 
hoise training and in 1969 it 
became known that Wootton 
intended to hand over these 
valuable gallops to the 
Horserace Betting Levy Board 
through a ^ year lease at a 
p eppercorn rent:, -• 

At a luncheon held in 
London On Eebroary 9, 1970, 
at which Wootton was the 
guest of honour Lord Wigg 
referred to the 4 *dream that 
has come true for all associat- 
ed with racing...” It was 
perhaps typical of the donor's 
selfless interest that his only 
request should have been one 
for safeguarding the colour 
and glamour of British racing 
and racecourses. 

Atthe end of 1 970 he retired 
from the management of the 
Training Grounds and be- 
came a member of the Epsom 
and Walton Downs Manage- 
ment Board, then -under the 
chairmanship of Lord Wigg. 
In succeeding years, with fi- 
nancial help from the 
Horserace Betting Levy 
Board, many improvements 
were introduced, including an 
all-weather training track 
which was completed in the 
summer of 1976. 

The success of Epsom as a 
racehorse training centre owes 
much to his many years of 
outstanding service in saving 
and preserving the Downs for 
such a use. 


MR RICHARD de la MARE 

Richard de la Mare, the As weft as his powerf 
publisher and collector, has visual sense de la Mare al« 
died at the age of 84. He was had a distinctive literary last 
man taste and discrimina-" and it was a fomily friem 
tion in many fields, and he Siegfried Sassoon, who offere 
made a great impact on the him his first prose bool 
appearance of ihe modern Memoirs of a Fox-Huntir 
book through his Work at Man . 

Faber and Faber, Every Faber book posse 

. , Bo™ on June 4 1901, the through de la Mare's hands 
eJder son ofthe poet Waiter de some stage, and he four 
K ra- y®. “total at to self having to deal with 
WhiigifL . School Croydon, bewfldenng variety ofsubiec 
and Keble COllege. Oxford, and people. He was abbTi 
Hts career m publishing began encourage such writers ; 
m- 1923, when he spent two Edith Sitwell. David Jon 
years in ha Uncle Roger and A. G. Street and he four 
Ingpens firm ofSeiwynand the patience and 
Bloum, reading manuscripts; cal skill to ac^SSdfte P 5 
- He mov«^ as assistant man- demands of James Joveenw 
«er to Faber and Gwyer in Finnegans M ate - J 9 1 
the autumn of 1925, and rfe u Ma „ 

,JJL _ Mare . was a gre 



uons but with a natural feeling iuw^? lss,0 ? ed I 
for fine books, he was given man 7 books on 

charge byGeofl&ey Faber of all 

aspects of - the new firm’s nr o5„- a P‘°neer of 
design and production. It was L movement and 
lo be a creative experience SL^ 10151100 - Hi s l 
that gave him immense satis-- 2!“? ^Joyment and un 
faction. He quickly deteS °f Oriental pot 

mined . the fori and SJS? 10 bu ^ up a non 
appearance of the Thirtfes S 1 *?.*?’ f^well as to f 
^kthrou^hrs patronage of and me 

Freedman, I2£5j. - on Pottery ; 
Edward Bawdeu, Rex Whis- J 

tier; Paul and John Nash, h wn ,so . i " fluenc «l witf 
Reynokls Stone; and many tb ' the e'volutioi 

Others. Popular an book in 

- worked direcUy ^He & ^L lhe w ‘ 

Smew. wd spates 

t *aber Music. 1311 










•3!* 





THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1 986 





and Department of Trade and Industry 
Salary to £19,725 


. The DPP offers a number of short leimoontracts 
to lawyers interested in gaining valuable investigative 
and prosecution experience, particularly in the field of 
: fraud. . . . _ • - 

You must have at least four years' experience of 
criminal work and good organising-ability asyou will be 
co-ordinating the activities of police, accountants, 
lawyers and other experts in bringing major cases to 
court 

Appointments which will be for three years m the 
first instance may be extended ormade permanenL 
Posts are located in London, 

Similariy, the DTI is seeking to recruit four lawyers 
for prosecubon work based in London. Each Jawver 
leads a team of investigators with his own support staff. 
These are permanent appointments. 

DTI lawyers handle a range of crime, including 
fraud, and offences concerning the securities markets. 


There are opportunities later on to transfer from 
prosecutions to advisory work, which can involve the 
preparation of legislation and advice on a wide variety 
of national, European Community and international law. 

Salary, (under review) withiathe range & 14,870? 

$ 19,725. Starting, salary ‘according to qualifications and 
experience. 

A short service payment of 3/80ths of salary may be 
possible for those who serve at least 2 years’ but not 
, more than 5. 

For further details and an application form 
(to be returned by 18 April 1986) write to Civil Service 
Commission, AJencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants 
-RG21 }JB,ortelephoneBasingstoke(0256)468551 
(answering service operates outside office hours). 
Please quote ref: G(2A)576. 

The Civil Service Is an equal opportunity 
employer 


■r**m 

■ 1 


6 . 


SAUDI 


c. £40,000 (tax free) 

One of the largest private groups in Saudi 
Arabia, active in . commercial, industrial, 
contracting, servicing and engineering 
projects, and. with major European/US 
international companies amongst our 
partners, we are looking for a Legal Advisor 
for our Corporate Office situated in Jeddah. 

The function of this position if to advise and 
assist senior management, to take fuff 
responsibility for legal affairs of Corporate 
Office, Branches arid Subsidiaries and to act 
as Company Secretary., for Group 
Companies. The successful candidate, 
probably between 28 and 35, commercially 
minded arid used to operating at board level, 
will have not less than 5 years relevant 
experience in industry or with a City law 
firm. - . ' . . . 

Salary wifi be commensurate with 
experience. Additional benefits jnclude free 
fully furnished accommodation and 
transport allowance. 

Applicants should forward full C.V. with 
salary details to: 

Enpro Business Representatives Limited, 7 
Old Park Lane, Mayfair. London W1Y 3LJ. 


i 


ENPRO 


Civil Aviation Authority 



OR SOUCfTOR 


The Civ!! Aviation Authority invites applications for the 
post of Assistant Legal Adviser. 

Candidates should be Barristers or Solicitors with a good 
law degree and aged between 25 and 35. Previous 
experience of civil aviation law is not essential, but 
experience in the Government legal service could be 
an advantage. Sal cry will be within the ranges £9973- 
£17.332 or £7B,162- £24.135. depending on age 
and experience. 

The Authority Is a statutory corporation responsible for 
the safety and economic regulation of British civil 
aviation and for air traffic control. In carrying out Its 
licensing functions the Authority is a quasi-judicial 
tribunaL The Authority has a small but busy Legal 
Department in Central London. Although Its work Is 
primarily concerned with civil aviation it is by no 

means confined to this and includes the conduct of 

prosecutions, some civil litigation, drafting of statutory 
instruments, conveyancing and advising on a wide 
range of matters relating to civil aviation, the Authority s 
position as an employer, as a party to contracts, etc. 

Benefits include over 4 weeks* annua! leave, an interest 
free season ticket loan and an excellent contributory 
pension scheme. All salaries are subject to an annual 
review 

Please apply in writing enclosing current CV to 
Mrs. G. Baker. Personnel Support Services. Civil Aviation 
Authority. Room 1220. CAA House. 45-59 Wngsway. 
London WC2B STB. 




MOSS TOONE & DEANE 
LOUGHBOROUGH 

Assistant Solicitors 

as 

Assistant Solicitors:- . 

1 a caoawe and amartkxa solicitor with at toast 2 - 3 years post admission 
experience. Must be prepared to tefce all round responsibility and capable of 
worfcina unsupernsad. _ 

2. An anftnMiasftc waS motivated solicitor with approxi mately 1 Yga re admlged 

St^^SxjnawJ inducing some advocacy and nraponsttlrty for the man-. 

agement of debt cofiecoon. - ■" 

Thera are ‘attractive packages’ for die right applicants. . 

Please apply m writing with tuff CV to: 

Private & Confidential 
J. A. Cabom Esq. 

Moss Toone & Deane 

80-81 Woodgato, 


e LHil 2XE. 


LmOATO« AOWOCATt ta 
Iran mi aiinwoo. 

Hnk ImTi (irm Cwod WAS 
twits cicocri msufl vmn 
OioMCum c»» . 

unetTMR iKKtrw wan 

hi«h (mat mi r<s«i 'Wf 
i-Uh Cumm iirm to U l.OOO 
tanlHl Wows tntwauna 
mil 


UncanON Groydca. P+fcrMv 
id 4 itw MrtteACo- 
mnraf onaciKV. c. £15,000* 

SSLiU rwA MmMh 
toU Cl 563 006S. 


_ in 


ADVOCATE /UnOAYlON aotirt- 
lor with OnM town firm 2B- 
33 £14400 contact Wesm 
ConwlMM* .0936 2S1CS. ■ 


SRAMCU SOUClTMj young *1 
rotmdrr for md Ew Smr« 
Mice craooo contact mohi 
CanmlUBIB 0935 25183. 


Articled Clerk 

ton is 3 busy town which produces a 
le range of legal problems for the 
CounriL The Council has the usual district 
airthority functions with a highways agency 
and interests in the raceground, commercial 
airport and passenger transport. It has a 
large property portfolio and is particularly 
prominent in the tourism and entertain- 
ments field. All this will give an excellent 
start to an Articled Clerk seeking a career in 
local goverenment. 

Applications are invited from enthusiastic 
and hardworking graduates who have 
passed the Law Society's final examinations 
or who are taking and are confident of 
passing them this summer. The appoint- 
ment will be from a date to be agreed and, 
subject to passing the final examination, 
will be for a period of 2te years with a 
commencing salary of £5,301 rising to 
£10.308 pia. upon qualification. 

Application form and farther details may be 
obtuse* from the Betongh Secretary, Town 
Hall, Brighton, BN1 1JA. If yon would fike 
to discuss the poet please net In ten c h with 
his Depnty. Mr. LA. Dime, on Brighten 
(0273) 29801. ExL 414. ? 

Closing deter 1 1th ApriL 


Borough of 


Plfl, Jeffl ■ 

Dnyinon 

Brighton is a nuclear free zone. 



Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 


OXBRIDGE MATERIAL? 

COMPANY/COMMERCIAL CAMBRIDGE 

,0ra etients. a waft known Norwich practice, ora seeking a 
spedafeR company lawyer, Vetoed In the aty and with 1-3 
years experience to piey a major rale to iha opening oMMr 
new office in Cartridge. The fight candhtates wW work on a 
wide range of hk?i proffe — b ora and cm look towa rd to 
excetait prospects ki this fhenray, ever expending practice. 

COMPANY/COMMERCIAL and 
PRIVATE CUENT OXFORD 

A major practice in Oxford is racnStag a Company/-- 
C o w en wi an i lawyer and a lawyer sp e dakat ng In private cSent 
metiers to aaaist to Da Oxtod odtae. CaixldataB should be (Kt 
years qualified and have some City experience, gpined either 
ifertig erades of poet quMctfon. Wtokloed ceeaewctqMny 
rasa end tie prospects are good. 

V you are tfrad of being ousted between gwfc eaten on toe lube 
and seek a career which ottos the opporuxty to work In pleesant 
sM raaxSngswIihoiaiostagthBfpaSty cs e etee dor eic e to n t aale. 
ry these poeeons are to you. 


Clare Wiseman - Legal Division 
Gabriel Duffy House. 17 St Swttwis Lena, 
Cannon Street, London EC4M 8AL 
Tel: Ot .623 4235 


LAWYER IN CONSTRUCTION 

Ww* and Hg PIC/to toto ndoal bo8dtoQ and property 
gratp. is offering a eftafengng career tottm its SeaaOral 
to a soikAar. banister, or legal mecutiw able to atknms- 
te litigation and ati ti dw n retahng to the con str u cti on 
Moshy and to advise ganeofty on comma and comnwr- 
c to rjoflers. Reporting to and woriemg tfcsefy mUt the 
company secretary, himsdt a solicitor, you should be able 
to work largely atsupervised and to liaise on a practical 
day-today basis with compa ny secretaries and directors. 
E xperience with toe m st ra eflon/properly Mushy would 
ba«i advantage but is not essential to this new post to 
winch ao outgoing personality would also be a tfsttoa 
advantage. The job ottos good prospects in a successfu l 
and developing gap 

Please write endDstog a Ad cunfadnm vttae stating era- 
rent salary Bx- 

RJ. Howard. 

Group Personnel Manager, 
figgs and PLO, 

Crowo House, 

Kingston Road. 

New Malden. 

Surrey KT3 3ST. 

Phone No. 942 8921 Ext 2256 


MM \ HIGGS AND HILL 


Our jobs are opento persons pT efffreraex end Ws 
advott/semem should be ccrsowtsccorcSngfii 


Gabriel Duffy Consultancy 

SENIOR APPOINTMENTS 
COMPANY/COMMERCIAL c£30,000 

Our clients are recruiting a Company ^Commercial 
Partner tor their reputable West aid practice. The 
ideal candidate win have had at least three years City 
experience and have the drive and Initiative to suc- 
ceed in this fast moving environment 

COMMERCIAL CONVEYANCING 
£25,000-30,000 

A smaa West Bid practice to looking for a Co mm erci a l 

Conveyancer with between 4-6 years pjq£- to assist 
their Senior Conveyancing Partner with the commer- 
cial property cases of some major clients. Canttidates 
should have the ability to relate well to clients, imme- 
cSate partnership prospects for the right person. 

Claire Wiseman - Legal Drvtsm. 

Gabriel Duffy House, 17 St Swithins Lane. 
Gannon Street London EG4N 8AL 
Tel: 0T.6Z3 4295 


The Crucia 
Factor 

A new era 

in criminal advocacy 


The formation of the Crown 
Prosecution Service represents a major 
change in the judicial system, a change 
designed to ensure consistency of 
criminal administration in the 31 urban 
and regional areas across England and 
Wales. This new service offers exciting 
opportunities for the ambitious lawyer 
to gain invaluable advocacy experience,- 
in a wide range of criminal work. 

The Crown Prosecution Service will 
come into effect in the Metropolitan 
Authorities (except London) on 1 April 
1986. The Crown Prosecutors will 
review charges brought by the police, 
decide whether court proceedings are 
warranted and, if so, normally conduct 
the case for the prosecution. 

With a broad and challenging 
caseload, you will work in an 
environment where your expertise and 
judgment are essential to the operation 
of justice. 


Vacancies are currently available 
in Greater Manchester, Merseyside, 
West Yorkshire, Northumbria, 
Durham, West Midlands and South 
Yorkshire. There are also vacancies 
in Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire, 
including 2 at Senior Crown 
Prosecutor level. 

Salary: (under review) as Senior 
Crown Prosecutor £ 1 3,505-S 1 8,360; as 
Crown Prosecutor £ 1 0,500 -£ 1 5,000. 
Starting salary according to 
qualifications and experience. 

For further details and an application 
form (to be relumed by IS April 1986) 
write to Civil Service Commission. 
Alencon Link. Basingstoke. Hants 
RG21 UB. or telephone Basingstoke 
(0256) 46S551 (answering service 
operates outside office hours). 

Please quote ref: G(2)942. 

The Civil Service is an equal 
opportunity employer 


CPS 


CROWN PROSECUTION SERVICE 


SECRETARY-GENERAL 
OF THE LAW SOCIETY 


Against thei etu e m ent in January 1987 of the present 
holder of the office, tee are seeking a new Secretaiy-Goieral as 
senior member of the permanent staff of The Lor Society. 

The overall dkaDenge facing dr omb or Iranian we appoint 
devolves into three main areas:- 

On poficy the Secretary-General wfll act as the Society's 
principal adviser and wiB both ensure the efficient execution of 
agreed policies, and propose and formulate new ones for 
consideration by the Council. 

In management terms, the Secretary-General will establish 
and maintain the machinery whereby every member of the 
Society's staff understands his or her role in a clearly defined 
management" structure, has dear objectives and workable terms 
of reference. 

Representation wiD be one of the most important aspects 
' of the role. An add test of the Secretary-General's effectiveness 
will be the extent to which VSfetminster, Whitehall and the 
media identify with the Society’s aims and interests. The 
Secretary-General wiH not infrequently, be the Society's 
representative in its relationship with the legal and other 
professions in the United Kingdom and the legal professions 
abroad. 

The brief is an open one aDd either solicitors or non- 
solicitors may apply. Our profile of the man or woman we appoint 
is equally so - private practice, the public sector, industry or 
commerce could all yield the right experience. Irrespective of 
background, the new Secretary- General will have to achieve an 
exceptional grasp of both the law and the working of the 
profession in order to become the source of the innovative 
policy initiatives which we seek. 

Communications skills and a strong personal ‘presence 
are essential in someone who will be our advocate in the corridors 
of power, and our representative in the eyes of the world. 

Salary and benefits will confirm that this is indeed an 
appointment of crucial importance to us. But for the right man 
or woman, an equally important motivation will be the 
unparalleled opportunity to make his or her mark both in and on 
the profession. 

Please write with a copy of your cv to the President. 

The Law Society, 113 Chancery Lane, LONDON WC2A 1PL, 
before 25th April 1986. 


THE LAW SOCIETY 




THOMAS EGGAR & SON 

WEST SUSSEX 


PRIVATE CLIENT WORK 

Thomas Eggar & Son are looking for an able 
lawyer who wishes to specialise in tax planning 
and related trust work. This is a good opportunity 
for a lawyer with ability and energy to join a busy 
team based in Chichester. The work is varied and 
demanding, and requires a basic understanding of, 
and interest in Capital Transfer Tax, trusts and all 
aspects of trust taxation. 

Please apply with full CV or telephone for an application form to: 

The Partnership Secretary 
THOMAS EGGAR & SON 

EAST PALLANT CHICHESTER WEST SUSSEX POl9 ITS 

Telephone (0243) 7861U 


S WIN GLAND & Co 

A recently formed City partnership are 
looking for young, ambitious solicitors to join 
their small but growing practice in the 
following areas of la\y: 

COMPANY & COMMERCIAL 

- General company work; tax; drafting 
agreements etc. 

COMMERCIAL & DOMESTIC 
CONVEYANCING 

- All aspects but in particular increasingly 
substantial and complex commercial 
work. 

COMMERCIAL LITIGATION 

- High Court litigation and arbitration in 
commodities, shipping and other areas of 
commerce; insurance work. 

Applicants are expected to have had a 
minimum of 3 years experience in a City 
practice and to be capable of acquiring early 
partnership siaius. 

Apply in writing to: 

Guy Dorman 
Swingland & Co 

20 Clifton Street, London EC2A 4BT 
or telephone : 01-247 0004 


HARRISON* 
READING' ..: 





rr*i% 


We have three vacancies for solicitors in 

our Reading office. We arc looking for bright 
responsible lawyers, preferably with experience 
in a City or large provincial firm. 

Company/Comtnercial. To join an expand- 
ing department. handling company, 
commercial litigation and commercial 
conveyancing. 

Litigation. To take on a wide-ranging caseload 
in an overworked department. Ability to work 
under pressure essential. 

Conveyancing, Trusts and Probate. To han- 
dle domestic conveyancing, as well as more 
complex trust, probate and tax matters. 

Please write or phone D.N. Bromwich, 
Shoosmilhs & Harrison. Compton House. Ab- 
ington Street. Northampton. NNI 2LR (TeL 
0604 29977) 


SOLICITOR 

GRADE P01 £11.937 p.a. - £12.325 p.a. inclusive. 
Required for busy Legal Department in a large 
London Borough to undertake a wide variety of 
work over the whole field of fhe Council’s func- 
tions with emphasis on litigation at all levels 
including Commercial. Candidates must have a 
positive and constructive approach and be able 
to work without supervision and whilst knowl- 
edge of Local Government Law would be 
advantageous, it is not essential Flexitime is 
worked. 

Applicants are invited from anyone for this post 
however, applications receivec from employees 
of the GLC or MCC s will be given priority. 

ADPiicanon forms quoting refer- 
ence number LA/14/73X 
available from ther- 

Personnd Division. Civic Centre. 
Uxbridge. Middles?* UPS 1UW Telephone: Uxbridge 
50589 (24 hour answering service available). Closing 
date: 11 Apnl i956 

AseiiGVi »'• i'T ftf'ryvs eVi r.“,:crec 



ADVERTISING 
CONTINUED ON 
PAGE 25. 


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< 

ard 

net ‘ 

atter 

me 

— 


Mi 

Ch 

10 

Lei 

Mr 

ret 

Mi 

or 

Mi 

Ht 


V 


Bi 


ci 

i 


CT 

i 

I 

Of 

t 

i 

B 


n 

t 

t 

a 

i 

Ht 

l 

I 

"m 

t 

Mf 

I 

ii 

i 

4 

I 

Ml 

I 





_ 16 _ 

£4mfor 

soccer 

fire 

relatives 

ByWa-D tiwp a n 

More Ika* £4 vBBm b» 
been paU obi to retottre* ej 
ibose wbo died in tbe Bradford 
football fire and to Stoss wbo 
were fo forad. tt «n to cto f J 

of Oo appeal tad 
said they tad Eton money is a 
total of 360 people. 

The detxxs were catfstad 
in a HMii'w y of toe ton 

activities rinre tbe dbMtrow 

Maze last May which killed 56 

spectators SM hjoed a to* 

ther 250 when tbe main eland 

at the Valley Parade ground of 
Bra dford p ry Football dab 
was gaffed. 

A spokesman for tbe bad 
said last oight^The response 
was tremesdoss and it went a 

good way to helping aDeviate 
the snffering of these involved 


TUP TTH/TTS TI rESDAY MARCH 251986 


Bni 

tin 1 

Fi 

in tbe tragedy. 

-We have now paid oat 95 

na ; 
In 1 

per cent of all tbe money we 
received and a task that many 

irl ‘ 

sn . 

m 

thought would take two years 
has been achieved In 11 

ca " 
eo 1 

Mr- 

months.” 

ch * 

and 

The find attracted dona- 

TI 1 

The 

tions large and small, Grom 

w 

betu 

A. 

50p from children's pocket 

n 11 

Of lv 
The - 

money to £250,000 from the 

U1 li 

drea 

Government 


Officials last night said that 
only 1 per cent of the total had 
been used op on ad min istrative 
costs and tbat ta Mg' 
banked had earned £21i 
in interest. 

Tbe fund was operated as a 
discretionary trust aand the 
trustees will have to pay 
£97,000 in tax. 

Any cash left in the food's 
account after payment of tax 

will be used to help organiza- 
tions, such as the St John 
Ambulance Brigade, Involved 
in helping those bereaved and 
injured in tbe Maze. 

Earlier this week it was 
ann ounced that the ground b 
to be completely rebuilt at a 
cost of more than £2-36 mil- 
lion, largely funded by a 
-farewell" grant of £1.46 mu- 
lion from the West Yorkshire 
Metropolitan Comity Coun- 
cil, which is soon to be 
abolished. 


Mrs 
Scot 

Mr 
and 
The 
beiv 
Liei 
Mrs 
Dou 
shin 
dauj 
Mi!) 

Upt 

Mr 
and 

The 
betv 

ofC 
of S 
onlj 
The 
stea- 

Mr 
and 

The 
betv 
Mr 
Ban 
and 
of ' 

Mac 
Mo; 

— Today’s events 

Bi 

Sir 
phr 
Ra> 

Sir’ 

Rot 
Gei 
Mr 
‘ Sir 
Jess 
• Da' 

Mil 
' SO; 

•Tay 
•MP 




Letter from B r ussels 

Threat to 




• Now that the EEC Com- 
mission has at last puMistad 
its plans for European broad- 
caaumjthe French elections 
being safely out of the way), 
the worst feats of the anti- 
marketeers have been 
realized. ‘ 

The BBC and TBA are mm 
too. happy either abonr "tn- 
njp e an coniroP . Soon ; we 
shall all be forced to watch 
dismal French soap opera* 
and Italian strip shows, if the 
critics are to befretieve d. 

Since wchave 16televisaja 
channels at oar disposal- ia 
Bm^eli covering nearly all 
the EEC 1 confinn that 

Continental television leaves 
much to be desired. Even on 
rainy dayywith Reach, Ger- 
man and Dutch ideviston 
available at the flick of . a 
switch, the cry goes up t 
househoki^There'S no 
ontefevisofl 


states remain individual as 
they also become European. 

As for quality of pro- 
grammes, the COcWWd jdui 
lays stress da independent 
television producers lo-sti®- 
nfafe European exceffeqee. 



V- 


,c-r 


>T 


r 


r in our 

nothing 


Breaking 

barriers 


Royal engagements 
The Queen holds and investi- 
ture, Buckingham Palace, 11; 
and later, accompanied by the 
Duke of Edinburgh, dines with 
the High Commissioner for 
New Zealand, 43 Chelsea Sq, 
SW3. 8. 

The Duke of Edinburgh, Pa- 
tron, the Fleet Air Arm Mu- 
seum. hosts a reception at 
Buckingham Palace, 6. 

The Prince of Wales presents 
the Export Awards for Smaller 
Businesses 1986. the Savoy 
Hotel, WC2, 11.30. ^ 

The Princess of Wales, Pa- 
tron, Help the Aged, attends the 


From Our Correspondent 
Beirut 

Artillery units deployed in- 
side Israel's buffer zone m 
south Lebanon bombarded 
the market town of Nabatea 
yesterdav amid reports or 
increased anti-Israeli guemlla 
activity in the area. 

Police in nabatea said two 
men and a woman were killed 
and 24 other people were 
wounded during the bombard- 
ment at daybreak. A few bouts 
earlier guerrillas fired 12 Sovi- 
et-made Katyusha rockets 
into the Christian village of 
Aishieh. a stronghold of the 
South Lebanon Army militia, 
an irregular force financed, 
trained and armed by the 
Israelis. . ^ . 

It was unclear whether the 
shelling was in retaliation for 
the rocket attack, but shells 


launch of the charity's Silver 
Jubilee appeaL the Mayfair Ho- 
tel. Stratton SL Wl, 12.30. 

The Duke of Gloucester 
opens the Office Environment 
exhibition, at Olympia. 10.30. 

Princess Michael of Kent 
attends The Mousetrap third 
century celebratory lunch, the 
Savoy Hotel. WC2. I. 

New exhibitions 

Indian gouaches by Pat | 
Douthwaite; Saddler Gallery. 78 j 
Saddler SL Durham; Mon to Sat 
9.30 to 5 (ends April 5) Girtin to 
Collier: the wetlook; The 

Fitzwilliam Museum. Octagon 
Gallery. Trumpingion St, Cam- 
bridge; Tues to Sat 2 to 5. Sun 
2. 15 to 5 (ends June 29k 



fell in the main square of 
Nabatea throughout the 
morning, forcing the closure 
of schools, shops and offices in 
the town. 25 miles south of 
Beirut . . 

Police said the shelling 
came from positions in the 
Sweida hills manned both by 
Israeli soldiers and the SLA 
inside what the Israelis call 
their “security zone.” 


Shia Muslim militia sources 
accused the Israeli Army and 
claimed SLA artillery later 
joined in the bombaithnent 
There was no way to verify the 
claims. 

There was no immediate 
casualty report from Aishieh. 
but the Christian Voice of 
Hope radio said tbe rockets 
inflicted heavy da m age. 

The bombardment came as 
Mr Mark Goulding, a United 
Nations assistant secretary- 
general, held a new round of 
talks with Middle East govern- 
ments on the future of tbe UN 
Interim Force in Lebanon 
(Uniffl). 

Unifi! has been in south 
Lebanon since 1978 to super- 
vise the withdrawal of die 
Israeli Array after the invasion 
that year. Israel has main- 
tained a buffer zone north of 
its border ever since, refusing 


to allow UnifiJ to deploy along 
the frontier and raising again 
questions on the effectiveness 
of renewing its mandate next 
month. „ . 

Meanwhile Private Kevin 
Horan, a 22-year-okl Irish 
soldier of Uniffl. was repotted 
in satisfactory condition after 
being wounded by an uniden- 
tified gunman in SOUth 

Lebanon. 

In Beirut, unidentified gun- 
men hurled a hand grenade 
into an office of the Lebanese 
Communist Party.' No one 
was hurt. 

• Mercy calk The British 
Ambassador in Tebanon, Mr 
John Gray,. called yesterday 
for mercy for the British 
journalist hostage, Alec 
Coflen, who was seized in 
Lebanon a year ago (Reuter 
reports). 


Mr John Morphew. a char- 
tered accountant alleged to 
have been involved in a 
£500,000 fraud of the Bob 
Hope British classic golf tour- 
nament. won “substantial” 
libel damages from Private 
Eye in die High Court in 
London yesterday. : 

Mr Michael Tugendhat, for 
Mr Moiphew, told Mr Justice 
Turner that allegations in die 
magazine • in January 1984 
were unwarranted attacks on 
hb good name. ; 

It .was alleged that after, die. 
collapse of the tournament he 
wa&insdme way godly ora 

party, to a fraud at the expense 
of the creditors or charities; v 
Mr Morphew’s company 
bad audited the accounts :m 
the tournament free of charge. 


Quite often the pick of the 
day is Dallas and -Dynasty. 
sometimes dubbed and 
sometimes sub-titled, and al- 
ways at different stages m the 
senes in eadi country. so that 
you never know where you 
are or who has done what to 
whom.-’- •••' -- • 

.But Lord C&ckfiejd, the 
senior British Commissioner 
and the man responsibfe for 

die internal market - broad- 
casting included - argues that 
all this is to misunderstand 
his . proposal for. .teleriswn 
without frontiers. It - ap- 
proved, ite plan "Wifoobli^ 

EEC states to buy 30 per cent 
of their non-newS television 
programmes from feD6w-En- ; . 
ropeans, rising to 60 per cent 
in a short period. , - . 

Tbi&is not so' much antt* 
American, Lord CockfiekTs 

staff ai the Graintission point 

but. a$ pro-European. As «e 
approach the Cockffcld; vi- 
ston of a complete infernal, 
market by 1992 and move 
inexorably toward a “Europe . 

without, frontiezs^.lhetelev!- ■ 

‘.sion proposal (yet to be 


tamers between EE' 

stems from the EEC somafy 
in Luxembourg last Deoem-'f 
ber, whicb adopied a mage of 
refbnns.. . 

The measures do not ap- 
pear radical m themselves, 
but foe sin^ European Act 
in whrcfrthey arc enshrinedb 
another step loward Europe- 
ao unity. The . Act has now- 
been signed ^ by all of tbe 
Twelve; raduding- Denmark, 
Greece anti Italy, which. had 
reservations.; 

perhaps the most. signifi- 
cant innovation is majority 
voting, rather than unanim- 
ity, in die Council of Minis- 
ters, meaning that on a ia " 
of internal market issues 
national veto is imderaunedfc 
and dissenting states win 
have to accept the will of the 
jmgority. 

Although this does sot 
come into -force until the 
reforms have been ratified by 
EEC parliaments, EEC minis- 
ters are already' formulating 
their proposals and decisions 
as if majority voting Were m 
operation, according to - Mr 
Willem Van Eekefen, the 
Dutdj Minister for European 
Affairs. • 



Problems for: 
Britain 


. . The country ’ which will , 
inherit ihe problernsof 
idung trade barriers andfron- *■ 
tier checks is Britam. wlncb 
takes over ihe EEC presiden- 
cy in July^ 

Mis’ Margaret Thatcher 
may :noL- share Lord 
CockfiekTs vision or ideal- 
isra, but the Government is 
-pledged ^ implement the 
ULXjembourK refonns^step by 
step, which in the case of toe 
intemzfl . mark et involves 
Jsome 300 separate dedsxoni 
Lord Cockfietd has already 


UU3KU W" “J ... 

cti of Ministers) would ensure 
that tta pcqpfes of Europe . 
cross-fertilize, cul tura lly as 
their identities merge. Nation 


•given warning that tta 1992 
target date must -hot' be 
allowed toslip. - . 

■ Ivffidfflrf Owen 


THE TIMES INFORMATION SERVICE 






The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,002 



ACROSS 

I Speed well, in a word, the 
saint of the bullring (8). 

S Story of a sower of seed— 
nornstartcr if his land 
weren't this (6). 

10 What's unpleasant in a way 
in the Empire State (5). 

II Final stand here in trench 
warfare? (4.5). 

12 Sort of pudding favoured by 
yeomen of the guard (9). 

13 Coming from heaven a 
direction to the lowest point 
(51. 

14 Suitor distressed about 
love- like Dowson flinging 
roses? (7). 

16 Miss Merry ! of the Savoy as 
moon goddess (6). 

19 One knowing the future, 
say. can make it in specula- 
tion (6). 

21 Record green arrangement 
for the centre-piece (7). 

23 Supcmaturally acute? (5). 

25 One who carries a torch for 
a star-gazer (9). 

27 High-class deity is possessed 
bv thcosophical work in In- 
dia (9). 

28 Little bit of land one might 
have a row about (5). 

29 As oyster-catcher a phy- 
sician has some advantage 
(6). 

30 One driving with a caravan 
arrived with a sly look (8). 

DOWN 

1 b0% crude wine from ihis 
<S). 

2 River rose, diverting this 
water supply jdj. 


3 Votes against and for the 
poet (5). 

4 Swedish astronomer scaled 
100 in short (7). 

6 Garment for old counsel 
holding a mass of gold (9). 

7 Restrained as bears were 
once said to be 1 5). 

8 Urge acceptance of gold by 

the ten perhaps (6). 

9 “The very houses seem — " 
(Wordsworth) (6). 

15 Children bound to support 
cricket side (9). 

17 Beautiful girl holding a gun? 
What’s the game? (9). 

18 Rat disturbs rest among 
other animals (81 

20 By no means slack, we hear, 
under instruction (6). 

21 Chained wild animal (7). 

22 Handed out if one’s taken to 
court (6). 

24 Silver hail cropping up in 
Mexico (51. 

26 Put up beams, say (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,001 


Last chance to see 
Paintings and drawings by 
Sieph Smart and Cath Clark; 
The Ponico Library & Gallery. 
57 Mosley St, Manchester, 9.30 
to 4.30. „ . 

Tourism Means Business; 
Queen Charlotte Hall. ParkshoL 
Richmond; 10 JO to 8. 

Music 

Concert by the Romsey Sing- 
ers; Romsey Abbey. 8. 

Bach's Si Matthew Passion; 
Fisherwick Presbyterian 
Church. Malone Rd. Belfast 7. 

Concert by the Choir of Leeds 
Parish Church; Leeds Parish 
Church. 7.30. ' 

Organ recital by John Scott 
Leeds Town Hall. 1.05. , 

Recital by by Malcolm Archer 
(organ) and Stephen Robertson 
(svmhcsizer); Bristol Cathedral. 
1.1 5. 

Stainer’s The Crucifixion by 
Halstead and District Choral 
Sociezy: All Saints Church. Sod- 
bary. Suffolk. 8. • 

Cello recital by Anner Bvlsma 
with Peter Skuce (harpsichord); 
Holywell Music Room. Oxford, 
8 . 

Talks, lectures, films 

Hunterian 
lecture:Imperforate anus in chil- 
dren: a new operation, by Prof. 
APR Aluwihare; Royal College 
of Surgeons, Lincoln’s Inn 
Fields. EC2, 5. 

Finding Fossils by Joyce 
Pope; Natural History Museum. 
Cromwell Rd. SW7, 3. 

The Crucifixion in medieval 
art. by Sally Dormer Victoria & 
Albert Museum. SW7. 12- 
Architects and their work, by 
Dr Retina Pietila: Royal In- 
sutute of British Architects, 66 
Portland Place. Wl, 6.15. 

tnsh gardens, garden plants 
and plants for conservation, by 
Dr Charles Nelson; Persbore 
College of Horticulture, 
Worcestershire. 7.30. 

Christ died for us. by The Rev 
Arthur Nelson: Liverpool Parish 
Church. Pier Head. 1.05. 
General 

1986 Camden Festival; for 
details telephone: 01-388 1394. 

Sponsored Charity Walk by 
the Ci ry of London School in aid 
of the British Heart Foundation: 
starts 7.15am from Richmond 
Underground, ends Midland 
Bank Boat Club. Putney 
Embankment 

Office Environment Ex- 
hibition: Olympia 2. London; 
tndav. tomorrow and Thursday 
9.30 to 6 (ends March 27). 


TV top ten 


Best wines 


In a blind tasting of 41 
Chardonnays priced under 
£5 JO. the following 12 wines 
from six countries (none 
French) were chosen as excellent 
value: 

Hawk Crest CaMem« Ort w w r 
19$A WindRjsti Wines (D28S-67121) 
C4S5-. Montana Martborenoh New Za» 
land Cltaidonnay, QOdtans jul-481 2944), 
£3 99; Tltlfnbruiuttr untofUndar 
Ourdonmy Vino da Tavoia 1984. Ttw 
rim IO-Z 



Natonat top tan television programmes in 
the weak ereSng March 1ft : 

B8C1 _ . 

1 EastEnders (Tga/Sun) 23.45m 

2 EaatSndare (Thu/Son) 2335m 

3 Dasas T345n 

4 Dear Jotm 1320m 

5 Wogan(Fh) 1230m 

6 Tomonow* Wcild 12.15m 

7 M«sMarpta:Tho8odyinthaL*ii*y 

1130m „ 

8 A Question q» Sport 113»n 

9 Hofeday *86 11.15m 
10 Dynasty 11.10m 

TTV _ 

1 Coronation St (Marti Granada 

1830m 

2 Coronation . St (Wed) Grrada 

17.60m _ 

3 Wish You Ware Hare (Mon/Wad) 
Thames i5.4ftn 

4 Taggart STV 1430m ^ 

5 The British Academy Awards LWT 

14.00m _ 

6 Boon Central 13.70m _ 

7 Aul WiedOrsahan Pat Cantm 13.70m 
8- A1 ai Mo2D Thames 1iS5m 

g This s Your Ufa Thames 13-45m 

10 Oossroods (Tuo) Central 13Sm 

SBC Z 

1 Joan Rhmre: Can WtTaK? 750m 

2 MASH 5.75m 

3 That Uncertain FoaRng 5.70m 

4 Eye ot a DoWWi 45ftn 

5 Sto Trek 

6 Blood Hunt 420m 

T Forty Minutes 3.95m 

8 Now - Somethmg Bsa 355m 

9 Ski Sunday 3y*5m 
10 Pot Back '86 3.40m 

Channel 4 

1 Brooksidafrue/SaO&ssffl 

2 Brooksde (Mon/Sat) 6.70m 

3 Treasure Hunt 6.10m 

4 Countdown {Thu) 4.00m 

5 Prospects 3^5m , _____ 

6 1Lo»c You. AlieeSToktas 3.70m 

7 CounKlown (Wed) 3.60m 

8 Countdown Hue) 355m 

9 Countdown (Mon) 32Sm 

10 Cheers 320m 

Breakfast telev is ion: The average 

weekly figures for audienc es at 
nmes (with figures m parentnasg 
snowing mo reach ■ me msnher o* pMpa 
wf» viewed lor at least three mlrairesfc 
B8C1: Breakfast TmK Mon to Fn 

T v^m '6^ Mxrmtg Mon to Fri 

2.4m 110 4m) Sat ZJm (6-7m> 

Sun 12m 

BmadcastBre’ Autfenca nwearch Baga 


Anniversaries 


Births: Bela Bartok, com- 
poser. Nagyszent miklos, Hun- 
gary (Romania) 1881. 

Deaths: Carofioe Chisholie, 
the emigrant's friend. London. 
1877; Frederic Mistral, poet, 
Maillane. France, 1914: Chi ode 
Dcbnssey. Paris, 1918; John 
'Drinkwater. poet and play- 
wrighL London. 1937. 

The Treaty of Rome was 
sighted. 1957. Today is the Feast 
of the Blessed Virgin Mary, 
commemorating the announce- 
ment of the Incarnation (Luke, 
i. 26-38). It is Lady Day which 
until 1752 was the legal begin- 
ning of the year. 


Roads 


London ood S et h -f 

on Bruton Rd at the junction ortth Acre 

tono 111: tadde tmB drag so^lxwg 
bet ywo n junction 6A (M 2S) ara I 6 jSt 
AftanaL; M2ft Contraflow system bo- 
twaonjunefton 7 and 8 ( Maktetona). 

TTre mdtandc MS: Roadwc rta con- , 
inm to the W at Biimfc V4 i am between 
2 (A4123 pudtoyTan da (A458 
Ml: Snato few traffic and 

, . jlds at Hatton, three mDe* N 

of Warws*. - • 

Wains and West M5: Lane dMuna N 
and soudibound between junctiors IS 
and 16, Avon. A38: Northbound tone 
closures between Ashburton andPiym- 
outh. A5/A539; Major roadwor ks, on 
Castle Street UangoBen. C*wte angle 
Owtmffto. — 


Weather 
forecast ^ 

A cold norfhwesteily air- 
stream i fflp ersist: ov^, 
; Britain. 


The pound 


London, SE, c atoret S. SWB»- 

strong loctfy 
places: rmxtemp8Cft5F); • 


Bank Bank 

AnstnfieS.. ^ 

Austria Sch WTO ■ . 2M0 

BMghanPr 7J40. « 

Canada S 2-15 2-OS 

Denmark Kr 134IS 1 ‘ 

asr s 

sass” ^ 

Itsiy Lira ^0-00 22ra*» 

Japan Yen 276J0 2tBJ0 

SSSrtafKtoGM - 
Norway Kr 

Portuosf Etc • 227.09 2*7 JO 

SoS^ricatW 3*5 

Soain Pta 221XW 

ISSenltr 1LM ... lOM 

SwttrertWKlFr Z» w 

USAS *-S . 

YUQMWviaDar 82000 <71M» 

Bates for smaf ueumiwi rt c w bwk rwtoe 
only as supplied by Barclays Berk PLC. 

Retafl Price todec 381.1 
London: The FT Index dosed down 17J 
011394A 



Portfodo -How to pbv 

Monday -Satunroy record your dally 

Poruoiio total. „ 

Add those rooMhcr K> detonntne 
your weekly Portfolio lot* • • 

K your i oral ‘matches Use published 
weekly dividend npure youhave won 
oumutii or a share or the prlze rnoney 
staled for that week, and must datm 
your prise as instructed below. 

How to Tiiaim 
TaUehOM The TIoms Portfolio «Wm 
H na 02S4-SXm MWOM IBJWn W 

> bo accepted ouuua thui 


Yfo must have your card with you 
when you telephone 

If you are unable to telephone 
someone else can claim on your behalf 
but they must nave your card and call 
The Times Portfolio claims line 
.between the stipulated times. 


lor 


No responsibility can t* accepted 
r I all ure to contact the claims office 


reawn within the stated 


tor any 
hours 

The above instructions ate ap- 
plicable to botn dally and weekly 
dividend claims ■ 

•Some Times Portfolio cards Induce 
minor misprints in the instructions on 
the reverse swe 
invalidated. 


These cards are not 


•The wordtno of Rules 2 and 3 ms 
been expanded from eaurlKT vergon* 
for clarification purposes, .pie Game 
itself is no) affected and. .will eonttnue 
i o be played In-nwcOy Uw same-isoor 
as before. ... 


Snow reports 



Concise Crossword, page 10 


Market (0-736 4343). £299: Now 
gulqanan Ctwrtonmv 1984. Wines of 
westnorpe (0623-21385). £3.17: Feoer 
Barrel Select Cs&femto Chantomay 
1983. Great American Pood A Wfine Co. 
(01-668 3116). £5 04; Sudtfroler 
Chardomay Buchhotz. Alois Lageder, 
Oodttns (01-481 2944). £325: Wyadhsfl 
Estate Htsdar Valley Oak Cask 
Cttordonnay 1984. W in a smi fts (0472- 
58163). E5.49: SeppaARawraeBlB South 
Eastern Australia ClHtdommy 1B84, 
Bdndaa Pope (0305-64801). £4.78. Gold 
SeM Vin ey ards New York state 
Chardamy 198. Great American Food & 
Wine Co 101-6683116). £4 30. Bel Arises 
Mqr to e y Cb a rdon n sy 1981. Great 
American Pood & Wine Co. (O1-6S8 3116]. 
£533. Sssnluy's Cafltomta PJnct 
C ha nto ma y. J. Sasn^bury (01-921-9000), 
£3.45: Concha y Tom Chantomay, CMie, 
Booths (0772-517701), E3.1i 
Source Wine, April 1886. 


Depth Conditions Werther 

ion) Off Runs to (5pni) 

L U Piste Piste resort 

100 200 spring spring good ctoud 

Good snow cover above 1900m 

FRANCE 

Les Arts tOO TOO fair heavy fair rain 

Snowing above 2000m 

Tignes 162 260 good heavy good snow 

Wet snow faffing, windy at top 

VteThorens 170 200 good heavy good snow 

New snow on good base 

SWITZERLAND 

C Montana 90 IS) good heavy good rain 

Wet and windswept 
100 


°c 


Seas Fee 


240 good varied good ckxid 
rain 


New snow, good skiing _ 

Vertxer 40 230 good varied fair 


Worn patches on tower slopes 

Wengen 30 HO poor heavy -poor raoi 

Slush on most slopes 

Zermatt 80 185 good fair fair ' ratal 

Wet snow on kwer runs 

In the above reports, supplied by representatives of the Ski Club of Groat 
Britain. Lrefeie to lower slopes and U to upper, and art to artificial. 


nbMBWami CM <*»**.! 


6 am to midnight 


East- 


_ j yffg 
'^itSwT teiowwfof baB. 




today . 

LsMtoo Bridge 


SSSlnow Stbwc^ a^s NW 
fresh or strong; max 7C (45F). ■ 

Outibok for tomorrow , and 
Tburday: 

showers or lonoer periods of ratal 

but also some 


Suafflees: SmSmt*; 

553am 822pm 

Woonsets: MoonrissK 
558am 540 pm. 

FuH moon vxoomm 




High Tides 


Margate. 

WRonrHavan 


lighting-ap time . tiSPi 


London &62 pm to 521 am 
Bristol 7.01pm to 530 «n 
Edinb u rgh 7-06 pm tcv5 .30 am 
“ sr 7.01 po> to 5^8 am 

.7.13 pm to 5 j 43 am 


b-Hue sky: be -blue sky and dotal; c- - r.nm . ... j.. ■■ 
£^ o%>v»rcaac fihvz ddrtz^K. h Soinhsmp ton 

11: ■ nUst-mist: T^uin: s^mow; tt»- SnaU 

rtumdfr®torm. mMwmj. - Teea 

Arrows show wind Oirectkm. wind w>tton-on-Hz£ 
sp«d 1 mail).- drctad- -Tsmosraiure - " 7™ . 

cenugrad*. Mft measured 


, AM - HT. M Mf 
-f.10 '6J' 125 7J 
1245 4012.46 42 

-628 127 7.03 130 
1023 3w* 10.44- 34 

«2t 112 648 GO 
6.10 - 54 53B-. M 
1020 83 1044 85 

440- 52 5.M 52 
1223 42 12.10- 45' 

11.29;. 4.1 1140 || 
9.48 55 104® « 

563 7.1 568 73 

529 - 89 553- 90 
2.02 53 t17 54 

10.45 93 11.08 93 

9.15 22 9.04 24 

71:43 4611.JW. « 

5;42- 89 50* -70 
433 63..^ 4,55. 70 

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4JJ8 .5.5 435 55 
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.1038 81.11.ffi 8f 

1026 431052 45 

546 .93 6.10- 9* 
3JJ7- 5.T 3.14 .54 
1128 -4.1 1137 >1 


r.ra;'..'" 


Yesterday ■' Aroinid-Britaki 


Tamparatures at midday yBatantor. c. 
ddud: f. tair: r. rwi^s. sui. ^ p 

■MM. •».«» ftoemas y c 

at 337 to ve ra eBa . s 439 

c 236 Oareay I 745 

I 745 London ( 948 

Cwtflfr r 541 Mtochstar M 337 

Ednbwgh 1 337 HavriaaMa an 134 

Gteagasr s 541 


EAST COAST 


London 


Yesterday: Temp: max 6 am to 6 pm, 
liq52f^ : Irin-B pm to 63m.4^E)..- 
Hutrtttty. 6 pm. 59 per cent, Rwt Mtr» 

6 pm, 021 Ins Sun: 24 hrtotVpm, 4»hnp. . 
Bar. mean sea .tevM. 0 pm. 991.1 


yntehemtn 

BogoorR 


JTWCXvbL 
1.000 


Behest and lowest 


Yeataidayr Highest day tempi ThanaL 
i2Cf54F) » barest day male Scartmrough. 
3Q37P) ; highest raWaft Leering.lD0 
ta;til^»msiBS*nfie:yfck.10.tbhr.. . • - 


Sin Ram 
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94 44 

7.1 36 

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73 47. 
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Torquay 45 .64 
Falmouth . 53 1.02 

4.4 .78 

44 .85 

2.1 .72 

WEST 
ScMy Mas 2.0 .78 
2.1 32 


Pariiaifleirt today 


Commons (2J0); Gas BilL 
third reading; Easier adjourn- 
ment motion; Lords amend- 
ments to Local Government 
BilL 

Lords (2.30L Education BiQ, 
committee stage. ' 


B ond winners 


The winning-numbers in this 
week’s draw for. Premium Bond 
prizes are: £l00g000: '. ISKL 
037244 (winner lives in Cardiff); •' 
iso; 000: 3CL 278870 (East Lo- 
thianh £25,000*. T7TW [637501. 
(Este*)- v.r.- . " 


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El WCN, Tuesday; March 


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TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 



TIMES 


17 



STOCK MARKET 


FT 30 Share 
1394.6 (-17.6) 

FT-SE 100 
1663.9 (-24.4) 

USM (Datastrei 
119.28 (-0.06) 

THE POUND 


US Dollar 
1.4900 H>.0210) 

W German mark 
3.4039 (+0.0162) 

Trade-weighted 
75.9 (unchanged) 


Holidays 

expansion 

International Leisure, the 

holiday company formerly 
known as Intasun, is raising 
£28.3 million by way of a 
rights issue. The money will 
be used to finance further 
expansion. 

• Mr Harry Goodman, the 
chairman, said prospects Far 
this summer were good. More 
than a million bookings bad 
been taken, against only 
530,000 at the same time last 
year. 

He hopes to sell a further 
.500,000 holidays before the 
- end of the season. Average 
prices are 1 1 per cent tower 
than a year ago. but some 
competitors are discounting 
by even larger amounts. 

Board switch 

Dame Jennifer Jenkins has 
retired as a non-executive 
director of J Sam&ury, the 
supermarket group, after five 
years oh the board. She has 
been replaced by Mrs Diana 
Ecdes, who is a director of 
Tyne Tees Television and 
vice-chairman of Durham 
University Council. 

Steetley up 

Steetley. the construction 
materials and quarries compa- 
made pretax profits of 
>.8 million in 1985, up from 
£32.7 million. Turnover was 
down 3 per cent at £409 
million and the dividend 
jHycnit is increased by lp to 

Tempus, page 19 

Profit down 

Sovereign CHI & Gas jester* 
day reported a pretax profit of 
£12.5 million for the year to 
December, down 31 per cent. 
Turnover, rose 7 per cent to 
£583 million but profits were 
reduced by operating costs up 
16 per cent and exploration 
write-offs more than doubled. 

Tempos, page 19 

Poor training 

Inadequate industrial train- 
ing was largely to blame for 
Britain's decline in manufac- 
turing. Sir Deni's Rooke, chair- 
man of British Gas. told an 
Engineering Industry Training 
Board conference al the 
weekend- 

Barrow climbs 

Barrow Hepburn's pretax 
profits rose from £16 million 
to £2.2 million last year. 
Turnover was 11 per cent 
ahead at £45.6 million. The 
two main profit centres, engi- 
neering and chemicals, ac- 
counted for 83 per cent of 
trading profits. 

Indicator up 

The longer leading indicator 
for the British economy rose 
strongly last month, mainly as 
a result of rising share prices. 
But officials say that the 
cyclical indicators, which a 
year ago were pointing to a 
downturn hi economic activi- 
ty. are not providing a clear 
message about trends^ 

Wilkes audit 

James Wilkes has had its 
accounts qualified by the audi- 
tors on the grounds that a 
subsidiary's accounting 
records did not adequately 
identify 1 and separately record 
development expenditure on 
major projects. 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 







Elders to seek court block 
on commission disclosures 


By Alison Eadie 

Elders JXL, the Australian lion, chairman of 
brewery group, whose 


. . . group whose £1.7 

billion bid for tbe food and 
dr ink g roup AQkd-Lyons was 
referred to the. Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission in 
December, yesterday an- 
nounced that it was going, to 
court to try to prevent the 
commission disclosing confi- 
dential information to AUied- 
Lyons. 

Elders said! it hacf been told 
by the chairman of the Mo- 
nopolies Conunisskm, Sir 
Godfrey Le Quesne, that it 
was necessary for the commis- 
sion, in fulmhng its statutory 
duty, to disclose to Allied 
details of Elders's future fi- 
nancing plans and bid tactics. 
Elders has disclosed its plans 
to the commission in confi- 
dence to try to allay fears that 
it does not have proper finan- 
cial backing for its bid. 

The original reference to the 
commission was made not on 
competition grounds but be- 
cause Mr Leon Brittah, who 
was then Secretary of Slate for 
Trade and Industry, said the 
bid's financing "raised issues 
which deserved 

investigation". Mr John El- 


said 

last month he was confident 
be could persuade the com- 
mission.. of the financial 
soundness of the bid. 

Mr Andrew Cummins, 
group director of strategy for 
. Elders, said Sir Godfray be- 
lieved it was a requirement of 
natural justice that Allied 
should understand what. El- 
ders was .intending " to do. 
Allied had based its defence 
on the first tad, which no 
longer existed. Sir Godfrey 
was unavailable for comment 
yesterday. 

Mr Cummins said the dis- 
closure of Elders' plans three 
to four months before it could 
re-launch its bid would seri- 
ously jeopardize its chances of 
success. The section of Elders’ 
submission that the commis- 
sion wants to disclose indudes 
Ail) details of how Elders 
intends to formulate and fi- 
nance any renewed bid, sets 
out the effects of such an offer 
at a specified price and ex- 
plains how Elders would refi- 
nance the initial consideration 
on a longer-term basis. 

Elders tried to find a way 
round by suggesting that a 



John EDiotfc secret 
tactics at stake 

merchant banker and the 
Bank of England should sit on 
the commission' and vet the 
' financing airangements. It 
also gave a list of questions to 
the commission to ask of 
Allied and finally offered to 
produce a slimmed down 
version of its plans for Allied 
to see. Although the commis- 
sion took up the first two 
suggestions it still wanted to 
release the lull bid plans to 
Allied. 


MOD contract row flares as 
Swan Hunter revises offer 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Amid a developing row over ernment that there would be no get subsidies connected with 
* £240 nJSkn contract for two unfair competition from 
vessels fur the Royal Fleet 
Auxfihuy, the Ministry of 
Defence yesterday delayed a 
planned announcement on the 
placing of -the order as Smut 
Hunter, tbe recently privatized 
Tyneside shipbuilder, dis- 
closed that it had revised Its 
tender offer. 

Swan Hunter, which has 
given wanting that 2,000 jobs 
could be at ask if it -does not 
win the contract, has re- 
tendered “at a price we believe 
is competitive”, said Mr Alex 
Marsh, one of the four Joint 
managing directors at Swan 
Hunter, which , was bought out 
by management two mouths 
ago. 

The row. has flared up 
between Swan Hunter and the 
State-owned Belfast yard of 
Hariand & Wolff, which had 
been expected in Whitehall to 
get the contract Swan has 
pointed to Hariand VMstory of 
delays and cost over-runs. The 
buyout team were also given a 
written guarantee by the Gov- 


na~ 

tiouattzed businesses. 

Bid Hariand yesterday rave 
its own jobs warning. Tbe 
company said that the last 
vessel on its order book is due 
for delivery in early 1988 and 
that the auxiliaries contract 
would provide work for 2^00 
of its 5,000 employees for 
three years. 

' If Hariand gets die contract 
its value would spread else- 
where, particularly in Scot- 
land, because a consortium 
would be involved in fulfilling 
the auxiliaries contract The 
other members of the coosor- 
tiran are Yarrow Shipbuilders 


design consultants, both pri- 
vate sector companies operat- 
ing in the Glasgow area, and 
Rural Electronics, which is 
involved fa the ship systems. 

Hariand is confidently 
dahning that in any indepen- 
dent audit' of construction 
costs, the Belfast yard could 
demonstrate “a significantly 
higher competence**. Nor did it 


MOD tenders. It also claims 
to have good industrial rela- 
tions, with only 0.15 per cent 
of man-hours lost in the past 
10 years through disputes, 
which it says is a better record 
than at Swan Hunter. 

• The sale of shares in 
newly privatized Vickers Ship- 
bddW amt Engineering 
(VSEL) to employees and 
residents of Barrow-in-Fnr- 
ness and Birkenhead dosed 
yesterday with every sign of 
having been oversubscribed. 

Lloyds Merchant Bank, ad- 
ministering the sale, would say 
only that it was “very pleased” 
with the results and that it 
would make a full statement 
on Wednesday. Yesterday the 
company was inundated with 
last-mlnnte applications. 

Vickers, which is to build 
Trident submarines, was sold 
as a package with CammeU 
Laird by British Shipbuilders 
to a. management-led consor- 
tium. A total of 6.95 million of 
the 35 million £1 onfinary 
shares shares were on offer. 


PR groups 
plan £ 60 m 
link-up 

ByCGffFeltham 

Addison Page and 
Chetwynd Streets, two .of 
Britain's leading advertising 
and public relations groups, 
yesterday announced a sur- 
prise £60 million merger. 

The combined .group, in 
which Addison Page will 
emerge as the dominant part- 
ner, will have* profits of £4.4 
million, a turnover of £57 
million and a client list repre- 
senting most of Britain's blue 
chip companies. 

Under the terms of the deal 
which amount to a reverse 
takeover, the much smaller, 
but folly listed Chetwynd 
Streets is offering nine of its 
own shares for every five 
Addison Page, currently 
quoted on the Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market. 

On the news, Addisons 
shares jumped 25p to 275p, 
while ChetwyritTs rose by lOp 
to I33p. 

Mr Julian Broad, Chetwynd 
Streets' chairman, who will 
head the board of the new 
company — to be known for 
the time being as Addison 
Page Cbetwyn Streets — said 
the two made u a fabulous fit-” 


MARKET SUMMARY 


STOCK MARKETS 


New York 
Dow Jones . 
Tokyo 

Nikkei Dow . 

Hong Kong? 


:AO 


1780.29 (+11.73) 

14875^3 (-37 .96) 

1B35.29 (+23^56) 

Gen 2623 [-0-6) 


Sydney; A 
Frankfurt; 

Commerzbank 
Brussels: 
General 
Paris: GAG — 
Zurich: 

SKA General - 


1155.7 {+1&8) 
„ 2043.7 1-11-5) 
447.83 M8.87) 

..... 346-3 (+83) 

509.4 (same) 


GOLD 


London Fixing: 


AM 5352.40 3*n-S350Jg. 
dose $35050-351 .00 (£235.75- 
236-50) 

C^I^J.73-35250 

MAIN PRICE CHANGES 


RISES; 

BostobeS 

Bn? Aero 

Corneas ..... . 

TynstaU Teleean 
TrinijyinH 


3Q4p +»5p 

„_eo5p+ttp 

— 307p +I2p 
330p +25p 

_ 33Bp +]Bp 

_ 350P+1OP 
238p +15p 

Lowe Howard- — “ 

7-TTTZ SlOp +25P 

^1^“TL.230P+20P 



Delta Grp 

Memec 

Amstrad 


Rowntree. 

Octopus. 

DRG 

Freemans 
Burton — 
Stylo 


Standard Chartered 
Martin Ford 


. 350p +40p 
, 280p +30p 
1530p +I0p 


553p-17p 
967p -24p 
897 p -18p 
2270 -12p 
375© -35p 
414p-12p 
505p -18p 
625p-35p 
294p-12p 
414p-10p 
332p-14p 
236p-2pp 
544p-13p 
. «7p-17p 


CURRENCIES 


London: 
£$1.4900 
£ DM3.4039 
£SwFf2.8541 
£ FFr104561 
£ Yen2fi6.41 
£ lndex:75.9 


New York: 
£$1.4697 
S: DM2.2845 
S: Index: 118.1 

ECU £0.835300 
SDR £0.771831 


interest rates 


London! . • 

Bank Base: 1114% ,, 

Stable fote-.11' i6-1 0 W »% 
buying rata ' 

Prime Rate B% : ' • • 
Federal Ponds 

3-raonih Treasury &fis 6^2-6A0% 
30 -year bonds IWa-IIPa 


BT and Du Pont 
in joint venture 

By Teresa Poole 

• British Telecom is forming closed but “significant” sum is 


a joint venture with Du Pont, 
the international chemicals 
company, to commercially ex- 
ploit its expertise in optical 
fibre technology. 

BT&D Technologies will be 
equally owned by the two 
companies and will develop, 
manufacture and market the 
transmitters and receivers 
used in optical fibre 
telecommunications. 

British Triecom will supply 
the technology, developed at 
its laboratories at Martlesham 
in Suffolk, with Du Pont 
providing the worldwide mar- 
keting network. An undis- 


being invested by both 


part- 
f the 


components is planned to 
start early next year at a plant 
in Ipswich which will employ 
about 150 people. 

So for tbe components have 
been produced only in small 
quantities in British 
Telecom’s laboratories. The 
joint venture is part of the 
increased commercialization 
of Martlesham since British 
Telecom's privatization. 

BT&D is aiming for a 
substantial share of a world- 
wide market which is worth 
about £350 million a year 


Grampian profits leap 

By Our City Staff 

Grampian Holdings, the order books in sporting goods 
Scottish holding company 
with interests in transport, 
clothes retailing, sporting 
goods and animal medicines, 
produced better-than-expect- 
ed pretax profits of £3.4 
million in 1985 against £1.7 
million in 1984. Tbe shares 
bounced 22p to a record 243p 
before easing back to 238p. 


All divisions were strongly 
ahead, with operating profits 
in transport doubling as tbe 
division recovered from the 
miners' strike. Retail profits 
were 57 per cent higher and 
made up 40 per cent of the 
total 

This year should benefit 
from the contribution of 
Penfold Golf bought last De- 
cember, and from, buoyant 


and medicines. 

Further acquisitions of 
sporting brands are likely and 
retail is expected to expand its 
outlets. Grampian continues 
to talk to Burton Group about 
possible in-store concessions 
for its Gleneagles womens- 
wear. 

Tbe company has a target of 
20 per cent organic growth, 
which implies pretax profits of 
at least £4 million. Without 
acquisitions, gearing would be 
reduced to ml through posi- 
tive cash flow, compared with 
16 per cent al the end of 1 985. 

Hie dividend was raised by 
25 per cent to a total 6p and a 
one-for-two scrip issue was 
proposed. 


Discount 

house 

mergers 

threatened 

By Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 

Two planned mergers of 
discount houses with financial 
services companies before the 
big bang in October were 
thrown into doubt yesterday 
by a development which took 
the sector by surprise on the 
slock market. 

Tbe board of Smith Si 
Aubyn announced that it had 
received a rival offer to that 
put forward two weeks ago by 
Irving International Financ- 
ing Corporation. It has ad- 
vised shareholders to delay 
any derision on the Irving 
terms until details of the new 
offer have been announced, 
probably today. 

At the same time Clive 
Discount, which last week 
announced an agreement for a 
full takeover by Bache Group 
International, the United 
States securities house, an- 
nounced that Mr Robert Max- 
well, the publisher, had 
purchased a 14 per cent stake 
in the company. 

Mr Maxwell bought the 
shares late last week after the 
announcement of Bacbe's 
plans to buy an 80 per cent 
stake in Clive. 

Mr Maxwell's motives were 
uncertain yesterday. One ex- 
planation favoured by experts 
in the City was that he hoped 
to push up the value of the 
Bache offer for Give. 

When Bache first bought a 
stake in Clive last year it also 
took an option to buy up to 33 
.percent of the company at 57p 
a share — a premium of 50 per 
cent over the existing share 
price. The new terms an- 
nounced last week retain the 
50 percent premium but value 
the shares at SOp each, giving a 
total cash value of£12 million. 

The board of Smith St 
Aubyn would not disclose the 
identity of ihe new bidder 
yesterday but Mr Len Alien, a 
director, said: “It surprises as 
that the bidder has waited for 
so long. It is one of the 
organizations we have held 
talks with over the last nine 
months before agreeing to the 
link with Irving 
International". 

He added: “In order to do 
the best for our shareholders 
we must recommend that they 
.wait to see tile new offer 
because it is worth that much 
more". 

• Irving's offer values tbe 
discount house at a maximum 
of 47. 5p a share. The accep- 
tance date is April 1. 


Vinten release 

Vinten Group is to pay £! 
million to Computing Devices 
in return for being released 
from an advanced video re- 
corder development contract 
placed with the Vinten Avion- 
ic Systems. 


Bell withdraws BHP offer 


. Melbourne (Renter) — Mr 
Robert Holmes a Court, the 
chairman of Befl Resources, 
has declared that he still 
wants control of Broken Hill 
Proprietary, which has annual 
sales of Ans S8 billion (£38 
bilfion), despite withdrawing 
his takeover bid yesterday. 

He said: “1 don’t think there 
is any prospect at all of as ever 
Erring up." 

Stockbrokers' analysts be- 
lieve that the move was anoth- 
er tactical sidestep by Mr 
Holmes a Court, who had so 
for outfoxed BHP in every 
attempt it has made to block 
him. 

While yesterday’s with- 
drawal could be seen as a 
minor victory for BHP in that 
it had thwarted the current 


bid, it could also gave Mr 
Holmes 4 Court the chance to 
revise the bid — possibly 
downward — and resubmit It 
even more aggressively. 

One analyst said: “If he 
comes back with another offer, 
he's going to be in a much 
stronger position for the whole 
thing to go ahead.” 

Mr Holmes 4 Court had the 
support of many in the media 
and investment industries and 
would have had a high chance 
of success had his latest bid 
not been held up by coart 
action. 

In any new offer, Mr 
Holmes a Court would have 
the advantage of knowing 
much of BMP's defence strate- 
gy and the knowledge that its 
current share price of Ans 


S6£2 dollars b well below his 
terms. 

* But be still faces a possible 
investigation by Australian 
corporate authorities, who 
said they would be assessing 
Us withdrawal to see if it 
breached takeover rales. Com- 
menting briefly on his with- 
drawal, he said legal action 
had delayed the bid being 
presented to BHP*s 180,000 
shareholders. 

He said: “The (act of the 
matter is ~ they (BHP) may 
win, they may lose, but the 
bottom line Is (that) there is a 
guaranteed extensive delay, 
preventing a bid getting into 
the hands of shareholders.” 

Meanwhile, BHP said it 
could seek permanent injunc- 
tions to prevent Bell making 
any farther takeover bids. 


Elders said it was trying to 
resolve a point of principle 
and was not trying to get into a 
fight with ihe commission. It 
said it was unprecedented in 
any leading financial centre in 
the world that a prospective 
bidder should be required to 
disclose his plans to the target 
company several months in 
advance. Ft also said disclo- 
sure by the commission to the 
other side was unprecedented. 

Only 10 days ago Elders 
surprised the City by placing 
its entire 6 per cent holding in 
Atiicd-Lyons on the market to 
make a’ gross profit of £40 
million. Elders made it clear 
that it intended to rebid, but 
said it placed ihe stake to take 
advantage of Allied's high 
share price. 

Mr Elliott declared at the 
time that a bid made in 
current market conditions 
would not be successful except 
at an unrealistic price. Allied's 
share price eased 8p yesterday 
to 328p and Elders' dosed 5p 
lower at J68p. 

Elders first bid for Allied 
was made at 255p a share. 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 


Opec puts paid to the 
cheap money mob 


The Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries finally suc- 
ceeded in getting at Nigel Lawson, 
but about six days too late. The 
postponement of the Opec min- 
isterial meeting until April 15, by 
coincidence the day before the 
Chancellor's promised major speech 
on monetary policy, has put a 
damper on short-term hopes of lower 
base rates. 

The Bank of England, having held 
back a baying mob of cheap money 
men at the end of last week, now 
looks secure with 1 1.5 per cent base 
rates at least until the Easter break, 
and probably until the provisional 
March money supply numbers on 
April 9. 

The markets, having worked them- 
selves up into a state of excitement 
over the prospect of another rate cut 
this week, did not hide their dis- 
appointment. The Opec non-agree- 
ment was reflected first in sterling's 
performance and then in higher 
money market interest rates. 

The pound, down against a strong 
dollar but holding up well — and 
unusually with all the oil uncertainty 
— against the West German mark, 
was unchanged at 75.9 on the sterling 
index. Money market rates finned by 
^i6 points, to just below 1 1.5 per cent 
for three-month interbank, and 
somewhat nearer to 1 1.75 per cent for 
one-month. There is nothing there to 
suggest an early rate cut. 

Gilts lost some of last week’s strong 
gains, ending down by about a point 
at the long end and, for the first time 
in many a day, the market was 
beginning to look tired and lack- 
lustre. Two of Friday’s taplets were 
snapped up quite promptly but even 
this failed to lift flagging spirits. 

The end of the Budget honeymoon 
was also evident in the equity market, 
with the FT 30-share index dropping 
back through 1400 at a speed 
suggesting that all the talk of the new 
improved outlook for the British 
economy after oil, personal equity 
plans and the rest, has been forgotten. 
The ascent from 1300 to 1400 was 
accomplished in less than a fortnight. 
The climb to 1500 is going to take a . 
bit longer. 

Barclays coup 

Tbe emerging financial conglom- 
erate. Barclays de Zoete Wedd. has 
pulled off one of its biggest recruit- 
ment coups; yesterday it revealed 
that it had attracted John Padovan 
into the fold. The plan is for Mr 
Padovan to head the coporate finance 
department at Baclays Merchant 
Bank and to take over control of the 
whole of BZW's corporate finance 
activities when the departments of 
BMB and de Zoete are merged at 


some undetermined point in the 
future. 

Mr Padovan's value as a corporate 
finance expert is widely acknowl- 
edged. In City circles he is accorded 
much of the credit for building up 
County Bank's impressive client list 
in ihe 15 years he was there as 
director, chief executive and finally 
chairman. The breadth of his con- 
tacts is well well known and as a man 
who already has long experience of 
working within a merchant bank 
which is only part of a much larger 
organisation he must have seemed an 
ideal candidate to the Barclays 
mandarins. 

This is. however, the second time 
in less than two years that Mr 
Padovan has surprised the City with 
a sudden change of job. His sudden 
decision to leave County Bank 18 
months ago still remains something 
of a mystery, though there appears to 
"have been growing friction with the 
top management of National West- 
minster who may have been reluctant 
to give Mr Padovan the recognition 
within the organisation that he felt he 
deserved. 

The biggest loser in his current 
move is likely to be Hambros where 
he went from County as deputy 
chairman. Hambros was visibly de- 
lighted at his arrival, treating it "as an 
endorsement of the quality of the 
bank. Mr Padovan’s rapid departure 
may be a consequence of not having 
liked what he saw at Hambro from 
close quarters. The bank is somewhat 
rudderless at present, at one moment 
announcing a strong policy of mov- 
ing into the retail financial services 
market, the next moment announc- 
ing a major change in ownership 
structure as half the family pulled out 
of ihe bank. Mr Padovan's impact on 
Hambros has not been visible over 
the last year and a half — but that is 
perhaps not long enough for any 
concrete results to show through. 

Another explanation for his rapid 
moves may simply be that he 
anticipated the City revolution too 
soon and felt that he was not best 
placed as the shape of things to come 
became dearer. At BZW his task will 
be to build up a strong UK. and 
international corporate finance busi- 
ness from the relatively small founda- 
tions at BMB and de Zoete. BZW is 
clearly taking a characteristically 
agressive appraoch to coporate fi- 
nance business and the recruitment 
of further senior people as part of this 
move must be expected. 

Mr Padovan refutes the charge that 
he is simply a bird of passage staying 
nowhere long by pointing to his years 
at County Bank. Continuity is also 
being maintained by his involvement 
in Imperial Group's defence. Conve- 
niently. while Hambros are merchant 
bank advisers to Imperial Group, de 
Zoete are the company's brokers. 



With a choice of lunchtime and evening Heathtcw 
departures to Lisbon, and ffie only direct services from 
Heathrow to Oporto, the Algarve and Madeira, you'll soon 
dikover that TAP Air Portugal is the way tc do business in 
ftolugal. 

And with more (lights to more of Portugal than any other 
airline, a wide range ol lares and our super Navigator Class, 
we reefy do mean business. 

For reservations and further information pfcon? London 
(0828 0262 or Manchester 00499 216L Presto! 344 2601 




m 

PORTUGAL 



L 


JOp 
com- 
te, at 
h St 
lp on 
aach. 
anks. 
pped 
day's 
rents 
£240 


jden- 

head 

bid 

Rio 

*42p. 


59-1 
235 
86 
17 +3 
96 
211 
35-2 
14 -3 
78 
73-2 


75 

15-5 
104 
9 +'2 
49 -2 
35 -3 


6% 




ay.-.' - • - ■ ; 










FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 



THF TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


FOREIGN EXCHANGES- : 





Gearing Banka 12% 

Finance House 13 
account Mattel Lone % 

Overnight High: 12V Low It 

WMkfnrtlZH 

Tree stay B» (P«c ou»n %) 

SSSf 12 IS 11-* 

3 mnth lift 3mnth11St 

limtfi gmnft t2-11«w 

3mnth 11 X- 11 K BmnHi 12 - 1 1 a ia 

Tied# B8to (Pteooutf %) 

IS 12%" iSSn* 

iSlgSw Smmh 11£»l% 

3 ninth 12-IISfc 12mtfi IHfr-11% 

Local Authority OepeaUa (%} 

2 days 12% 7 days 12% 

1 mnth 12% 3mrtel2 

6mnth 11 % l 2 mBi 11 

13-12% 

SSSft? (iSflHS 


7 days 

3mofl*a4%-4% 

RHchhm 

7dm 1114-10H 

8nmnne14ft-14N 

SntaFrcnC 

7 days Z%-2% 

3nxjntoa3%-3% 

7 days 8M, 
3morthsS%-6% 


ofl gwra 

1 month 7**-7 Jm 

BmorthoTV-T 7 " 

csO 5-4 

1 month 4%-4% 
6montha4%4% 
cat 9V8# 

1 month 1514-15 
B months 12V1 2% 
CS> 2%-lK 

1 m ont h 3WW 
6months3%-3% 
eel 55 

1 month S*/ U ii 
B months 5V6'A 


The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Friday's trading 


GoMk$342£534&00 




: Ck mb vet me 1 
M*88 815.0 20 

April 86 787.0 2? 

£Cy« 7S5.fr . 

Jim 86 7825 

SepcK STAG 

DecSB 8875 

. Tomtit 


6 mnth 11 % I 2 m«h 11 

1^Sh A 12%^% Bn 2* rrvSi 13-12% 

KSSiS* 

3 mnth 

6 mnth 11 7 >a-11 l ia 12mth llte-IO*# 
Defer CDs PU 

1 mnth 7.70-745 3 mnth 740-756 

8 mnth 7.40-7.35 12mlh 750-745 


INVESTMENT TRUSTS 


Fixed Hale Sterlin g Export Hnanga 
Scheme IV Avereoe retenmce raw tor 
tam* period Wxuery * l®® 8 ® 




BROWN SMPLEV 
9-17. Panymount I 
0444 458144 
BS Fund Incane 
Da Accum 
Rnanari 
Grown Accum 
Do mean# 

Htgn Inoona 

Incoroa 

Norn Anedcen 

On«M 

Racowry 

Ttxmrwugy 

Gorman 


558 60.0# 
105 1005# 
1113 1215# 
160L7 1943 
1115 1253 
50.7 63.1# 
70.1 754 

58.6 830 
615 66.1 

310 37 7 

1334 143.4 

311 34.1 


BUCXMA81EH MAWAO Wg rt 

Tie Steen Exdianga London EC2P 3JT 
01-588 2686 


1971 2075 +4.7 J2J 

3105 326.8 +7.4 327 

912 995 +15 5-75 

1634 1705 +3.0 5.75 

1114 1114# +12 2J» 
1495 1515# +29 108 
910710455 +13.1 359 

Cl 035 1153 +5.13 109 


Ganarsl me W 1971 2075 +f7 127 

frJ Accum (41 3105 3269 +7.4 327 

Income Raw ®2 W5 +15 575 

Do Accun CT 1814 1705 +3.0 575 

MWW 1114 1114# +12 258 

Do inB 1495 1515# +19 10B 

SmoAar Inc (51 910710455 +111 3OT 

Do Accum (5} Cl 135 1153 +0.13 109 

snst dimwCiviPY 

01-242 1143 

CS Japan Ftatd 665 695 +15 031 

^^“SSK’haionb 

amii 26B5 2935 +25 lit 

Grom 1 SrS SfS on 4« 


FW EM 
Ncrti Anen ce n 


2665 2935 +25 110 

304B 3543 +25 4» 

1475 1565 +35 058 

l 1385 »7.1 +35 051 

IMMAOEMENT 

I SL London ECZN 1BQ 


100. OM Brood SL London BC2N 1BQ 
01-6* 0011 

rMMicn -mica TOO +14 156 

££“ & SI 2759 -1-0 453 

Norm Amartetn (3) 2609 274.7 +11 154 

CATER ALLEN 

LKH4 WHI SL EC4N 7AU 

01-623 6314 

GM true 1009 1075# +151151 

CamWLBOAHOOFFMANCEOF 

CHURCH OF END 

77 Lonoon W*l ECS IDS 
01-586 1815 

In* Fund 389.15 +23-10 4.43 

Riad lm 139 6 +7.110* 

rw-rv-r 1005 .. 125C 


3865 3525 +34 156 

Sai CTS5 -1.0 <83 

2509 274.7 +11 144 


389.15 +23.10 4.43 

1396 +7.11024 

1005 .. 1250 


77. London WBJL London EC2N IDS 
01-588 1815 

Inoone 351.08 #+2220 SJM 

Aeeian £100088 +05B1 .. 

CLERICAL MBHCAL UHtT TRUST 
MANAGERS 

Narrow pen. Brtaa BS2 OdH 
0272 177719 

On# Eauny 357 385 +04 320 

EM Hlgn Incane 37.7 402# +05 550 

G*» Rued M G8I 211 295 +05 170 


hdn SecwMs 
Anw GrowVi 

Japan Growth 
Eip o own GOI 
onTn tan 


215 251 
239 250 
335 250 
235 25.0 
235 210 



COUNTY BANK UWT TRUSTS 
161. OeapaidB. London EC2V BEU 
01-726 19» 


Capdal Accum 212.1 2711 +12 153 

Energy TruM 40.7 412# -02 550 

Ena mane 1502 1W.7 +12 548 

Financial 1303 1471 +19 1S2 

G* Strategy 545 511 -04 1.80 

GrowBi imnenanc 2181 2830 +4.7 251 

moon# 6 Grown 379 403# +02 4.73 

Japanaaa 1 Paste 1159 1225 +17 001 

mi Amur Growth 993 1058 +2.1 1 JO 

lie Racomry 104.1 1107 +19 257 

Smaar Co s 1889 2005# +35 0*3 

doom me tk 525 »ee +05 124 


mi Arm Grew* 993 1058 +2.1 1 JO 

mu Racomry io*.i no; +19 257 

Smaar Co s 1889 2005# +35 lag 

doom me tk 529 Hta +05 124 

CROWN UMT TRUST 3E7WCC8 
Crown Howm. Wtfong GU21 l*w 
tuato urn 

Hdh tapuma Trust 2145 3265 -1.7 S57 

Girum Thar 207 7 222.1# . . 324 

Amman Tru» 1235 i3i9 +£9 071 

mi UNTT TRUST MANMBtS 
4. UaMBa CflMWL EtMurgi 
031-226 3492 

Amanon Fond 675 H5 +2® 

Capa# fimd 03 89 1 *33 191 

Grown A me Fund 1*9 1304# +19 441 

tegn Do* Hmd 975 1M3 +1.6 1J7 

murnanonal Fend 1713 1175 +04 120 

qhmih Fund 199 205c *01 US 

MJHCo-lFM 215 304 +19 010 

md 1115 1Z7.I +A2 020 

H r ft 1312 142.7 *07 2.10 

inU ELI 845 +lfl 021 

left 217.0 220# +49 1.79 

M Jip w W1B 1710 +17 DIO 

24.0 255 +02 190 

EAQLE 8TAB U WTTRUS TMANAaENS _ 

Bari Rooo. cnaMeanL aoucwtw QL53 7io 
0242 5*311 

UK Balanoad me 639 682 +19 233 

Do Acorn 535 662 +12 253 

UK Gnpmn Accum 68 1 725 +12 1.72 

un mm hie ms 601 «1 -09 S.+6 

N Amenean Actum B2.4 616 +03 190 

Far Easram Accum 52 5 866 +14 0.75 

&n»«an Accum 614 739 +39 120 

UA 6* 4 » me 522 597 +1.1 196 

DO Acctan 522 59.7 +1.0 896 


Ewmwn Accum 614 739 +39 120 

UK GJBS H Inc 522 597 +1.8 196 

DO Acctan 522 59-7 +1.0 096 

EWMWNGC FOHQ HANAlSEHEHT LTD 
Atman Camro. Haugpn Houoa. 21 wajcam 
Road, ftamtord RM13L3 
01-373 7361 


BOOTAOU UMT9 A OmNtS ffi A T ldW 
39. tew SL Mu da u a 
DG1-Z36 5915 

































BASE 

LENDING 

RATES 

ABN . 12*% 

Adam & Company. 11*% 

BCC1 UW% 

Citibank Savings! ....~.-.12fc% 

Consolidated Crds 12*% 

Contmential Trust. 11*% 

Co-operative Bank 11*% 

C. Hoare S Co 11*% 

Lloyds Bank 11*% 

Nat Westminster ....11*% 

Royal Bank of Scotland _11W% 

IBS 11*% 

Citibank NA 11*% 

t Mongge Base Rate. 


* Mm V the BrttsruENr himing Bast* of Ih£ 

Mercantile House Group 

wnw »Tt—i * »on e »» l mwa 


. ..purpose built for the mid 80 's 
and beyond . . . 


mm 


j 


Nobody can be too surprised 
that Sovereign Oil and Gas 
will not to pay a dividend this 
year. ■ 

At the rights issue in 
October 1984, the directors 
declared their intention to 
pay a dividend for 1985, 
beginning with an interim at 
the half-year stage. No inter- 
im was paid and, h was 
■ announced yesterday, there 

• will be no final either. 

Even with oil at under £10 
per barrel Sovereign's 1986 
oil production will be roughly 
equal to last year’s. Cash- 
flows^ howeverare likely to 
; be more than halved. 

• With the rest of the inde- 
pendent oil sector. Sovereign 
will scale down its explora- 
tion programme, only to find 
that it is cutting off its hose to 
spite its face' This is because 
it has three of a five-year 
contract still to. run on the 
Sovereign Explorer, a third- 
generation semi-submersible 
drilling ri& This is designed 
for the deep and difficult 
waters of the northern North 
Sea, where Sovereign has 
extensive acreage. 

It had intended to use the 
rig largely for hs own opera- 
tions, but Sovereign can ill 
afford to look for oil in 
difficult places, especially as 
the discoveries wifi be un- 
commercial until the oil price 
recovers' significantly. 

The next well to be spud- 
ded when the weather im- 
proves is likely to be a 
Sovereign well, probably a 
form-in. Thereafter, there are 
ho fixed commitments. The 
company can negotiate a 
much lower stacking rate if 
the rig is unemployed, but it 
can. do without the cash 
outflow. 

The squeeze on Sovereign's 
profits will- be mitigated by 
the arrangement with Mara- 
thon Over the financing of 
Brae. Only 60 per cent of 
cash-flows from Brae needs 
to be used to make interest 
and principal payments. If 
there & insufficient cash-flow 
to pay the interest, ft is rolled 
up. into the loan.. 

- While the Brae project 
looks secure, the rest of 
. Sovereign's interests are in a 
very different position. The 
; balance of its production 

* comes from units in the 
‘ Forties and Claymore fields. 

These were bought with a 
combination of cash from the 
rights issue and limited re- 


Sovereign 


course loans when the oil 
price was more than twice hs 
present level 


Steetley 


Three years ago an unwanted 
bid from Hepworth Ceramic 
Holdings galvanised Steetley 
into a re-orientation which 
has pushed up its profits from 
less than £20 minion in 1982 
to last year’s £36.8 million — 

. and that despite the tail-end 
of the miners’ strike which 
took about £1 million off the 
1985 figures. . 

. Construction materials 
now account for approaching 
60 per cent of profits, capital 
investment has been high 
over the past two years and 
net debt is down to 15 per' 
cent of shareholders' funds. 

After a sluggish first-half, 
due' to bad weather, profits 
moved ahead by 20 per cent 
in the rest of the year and the 
British operations more than 
made up. the ground lost at 
half-time. The British brick 
market declined by about 4.5 
per cent, but Steetley chums 
to have, slightly increased its 
market share. 

Indeed, the £12.5 miftion 
Parkhouse factory was com- 
missioned and is running at 
. full capacity. Its new range of 
high-margin, “designer” 
bucks will be launched next 
month and the plant’s effi- 
ciency is such that Steetley 
should be well placed in a 
fiiture foil in demand. 

In North America, the 
rationalization at the Canadi- 
an . distribution business 
brought a £2 million, 
turnround into profit and 
further growth, should come 
through this year now that 
the number of branches has 
declined from 57 to 42. 

Last year’s, figures were 
also helped by more than £1 
million off the interest charge 
and a £1 million increase 
from the property company. 
Against this, the 3 per cent 
drop in turnover was more 
than accounted for by the 
Australian operations which 
were disposed of in 1984 - 
when they also contributed 
almost £1 million of profits. 

Steetley is now in a mood 
for father expansion and after 
several small purchases last 
year, particularly three quar- 
ries in France, the company is 
keen to flex its acquisitive 
muscles again. 

Yesterday's figures - aceu- 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


FINANCE AND I NDUSTRY 


STOCK MARKET REPORT 


Silver lining amid the gloom 


ratety anticipated by the City 
- left the shares 6p lower at 
460p. ai which they are 
selling at 12 times prospec- 
tive earnings, assuming prof- 
its of £43 million this year. 
This is comfortably lower 
than the likes of Tarmac and 
Redland and bid possibilities 
are in for nothing. 

Freemans 

Freemans, the mail order 
house, is doing its best to hold 
on to its newly acquired 
.reputation for growth. Share- 
holders, who nave seen their 
shares rise from 280p to 41 4p 
in just six months, may be 
tempted to lake profits, but 
there is no hurry. 

Yesterday the company an- 
nounced a 27 per cent in- 
crease in profits to £28 
million before tax. That dis- 
guises a second-half slow- 
down, but the new level of 
increase, should be sustain- 
able. While retail sales rose 
by 8.8 per cent last year, mail 
order sales increased by 10.6 
per cent, with Freemans lift- 
ing its share of the market to 
13.9 per cent 

Freemans has taken busi- 
ness from its rivals by pro- 
ducing new and more 
specialized catalogues. To- 
gether, a 50 per cent-owned 
associate which trades 
through concessions in shops 
as well as through its own 
catalogue, was extremely suc- 
cessful, contributing £1.29 
million in its first year. This 
year’s new product is Bymail, 
a fashion catalogue, for which 
the company has high hopes. 
There are plans for a third 
outlet next year. 

This . should keep the mo- 
mentum going, though much 
depends on the pattern of 
consumer spending this year. 
Below the (me, there will 
a gain be help from a lower tax 
charge, though not on the 
scale of last year, when it 
benefited from a favourable 
settlement of a case againt the 
Inland Revenue. Profits after 
tax rose by 45.6 per cent 

That increase is unlikely to 
be repeated this year, so there 
is no reason to expect the 
shares to outperform by last 
year’s margin of 60 per cent 
They are selling on nearly 14 
times prospective earnings, 
which is roughly in line with 
the other mad order compa- 
nies and is not over-ambi- 
tious. 


The 35-poim setback on 
Wall Street on Friday at the 
adjournment of the Organiza- 
tion of Petroleum Exporting 
Countries talks without specif- 
ic agreement provided reason 
enough for widespread profit- 
taking yesterday. 

Most dealers were happy to 
see what they regarded as a 
healthy correction to the non- 
stop advance in share prices. 
But the mood was not all 
gloom as illustrated by pock- 
ets of interest generated by 
trading statements, press lips 
and takeover developments. 

Gilts also resisted the trend 
with gains of a quarter sup- 
ported by sterling's relatively 
steady performance against 
continental currencies. The 
Government Broker was able 
to sell out a tapiei issued only 
on Friday. 

The FT-30 index tumbled 
no fewer than 17.6 points to 
closest 1394.6 while the more 
broadly based FT-SE 100 fell 
even further — 24.4. points - 
to closest 1663.9. 

Oils were predictably flat on 
the outcome of the Opec 
discussions. BP lost 17p to 
553p while Lasmo dipped 12p 
to 12Sp ahead of today's 
results. 


Among the FT-30 shares, 
I Cl were particularly vulnera- 
ble at 967p. down 24p, after an 
accusation by the Common 
Market that it was a member 


• AGA GROUP: Dividend 4 
krona (3.67 krona) for 1985. 
Sales 9.755 million krona (£912 
million), against 5,632 million 
krona. Consolidated net income 
337 million krona (250 million 
krona). 

• BROKEN HILL PROPRI- 
ETARY: Nine months to Feb. 
28. Pretax profit Aus SI. 55 
billion (£742 million), against 
Aus Sl-03 billion. Sales Aus 
$6.53 billion (Aus $4.98 billion). 

• JARDINE MATHESON 
HOLDINGS: Net loss for 1985 
H X $269 million (£23 million), 
against a loss of HK $793 
million. Turnover HK S10.S0 
billion (HK.S8.88 billion). Total 
dividend unchanged at 10 cents 
a share. 

• POSEIDON: Half-year to 
Dec. 31, 1985. Net profit Aus 
$532,000 (£255,000), against 
Aus $3.10 million. Turnover 
Aus $13.22 million (Aus $3-91 
million). The company is to 
raise Aus $14.4 million by a 
rights issue. 


of a European chemical price- 
fixing ring. 

Falls elsewhere were mainly 
between 5p and 1 2p but banks 
suffered again with National 
Westminster down 18p to 
897p. 

In contrast, P & O rose 7p to 
548p in anticipation of good 
results today: analysts are 
hoping for profits of around 
£126 million against £70 mil- 
lion last year. Imperial Group 
were another to find support 
at 347p, up 4p, awaiting 
further developments from 
the takeover front. 

Consumer sectors, which 
have been doing so well since 
the Budget, feii back over a 
broad front. Among stores. 
Burton at 332p. Stylo. 236p, 
and Gas A, 958p, declined 1 2p 
to 20p. Combined English, 
reporting today, added 4p to 
240p ana press comment lift- 
ed Ward White 6p to 296p. 

Breweries tumbled behind 
the lead of Allied Lyons, at 
326p down I Op. Builders had 
Barra tt Developments another 
IOp lower at 130p after disap- 
pointing interim profits while 
Steetley softened 6p to 460p 
despite a 13 per cent earnings 
expansion. 

Last week’s recovery 
prompted another 15p rise in 
Bestobell at 304p but Friday's 
disappointing profits knocked 
.another 12p from Delta Group 


COMPANY NEWS 


• GARFUNKELS RES- 
TAURANTS: Total dividend 
for 1985 l.3p(0.65p). Turnover 
£22.27 million (£18.09 million). 
Pretax profit £3.4 million (£2. 1 1 
million). Earnings per share 
7.3p (4.6p adjusted). 

• SEAGRAM CO: Year to Jan. 
31. 1986. Sales and other in- 
come $2,970.66 million 
($2,821.24 million). Pretax in- 
come $132.64 million (£88 mil- 
lion), against $157.55 million. 

• TRINITY INTER- 
NATIONAL HOLDINGS: To- 
tal dividend for 1985 15p 
(12.2p). Turnover £8336 mil- 
lion (£76.32 million). Profit, 
before tax and extraordinary 
items. £6.69 million (£634 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 39. 3p 
(34.9p). 

• THOMAS ROBINSON: No 
dividend (nil) for 1985. Turn- 
over £10.14 million (£11.37 
million). Pretax profit £411,000 
(£507,000). Earnings per share 
7.3p (9.7). 

• GEORGE OLIVER (FOOT- 
WEAR): Total dividend for 
1985 9p (8p). Turnover £42.88 
million (£38.71 million). Pretax 
profit £1.65 million (£2.68 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 22.37p 
(33.59pk 


More company news 
on page 27 


• BESTOBELL: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 6p (5.7p). Sales 
£141.47 million (£150.09 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £5.08 million 
(£471,000). Earnings per share 
19.8p (loss I0.3p). 

• PLEASURAMA: Results for 
1985, compared with the pre- 
vious 15 months. Total divi- 
dend 7.5p (5.75 p)l Turnover 
£160.1 million (£108.47 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £37.52 mil- 
lion (£25.25 million). Earnings 
per share: basic, 25.3p (21 -2p 
adjusted) and fully diluted, 
20.7p (ml). 

• FROGMORE ESTATES: 
For the six months December 
31 the interim dividend is 
I.945p (l.768p. The figures are 
in £000: Turnover 15,418 
( 17.073), profit before before tax 
5.122 (4,626), tax 1.835 (1,855) 
and earnings per share 9.5p 

• BRENT CHEMICALS: The 
final dividend is 3.35p (2.75pk 
making 4.2p (3.5p). The figures 
are in £000: Sales 53378 
,(51.507), profit before interest, 
tax and extraordinary hems 
’6.279 (5,098). interest payable - 
net 377 (286) pretax profit 5.902 
(4.812) and lax 1,925 (1.6S0) 

• ASSOCIATED STEEL 
DISTRIBUTORS: The final 
dividend is 4p. making 8p (nil) 


at 227p. British Aerospace 
were flying high at 606p, up 
1 5p. The company, which has 
won another £70 million Ra- 
pier contract from the Gov- 
ernment. is set to produce 
profits in excess of £155 
million today. 

Among high-technology is- 
sues. a 40 per cent profits 
increase failed to help 
MEMEC, at 375p down 35p. 
and Magnetic Materials also 
disappointed at 85p, down 
30p. In contrast, press com- 
ment boosted Tunscall 
Telecom 25p to 330p. 

S & W Berisford hardened 
another 3p to 233p awaiting 
takeover news. Iceland Frozen 
Foods added 5p to 559p ahead 
of today's figures. 

Profit-taking lopped 35p off 
Octopus at 625p and 1 2p from 
DRG at 294p but in public 
relations/advenising sectors 
Addison Page, at 280p, and 
Chetwynd Street, at 1 53p, 
advanced 30p and 1 Op on the 
merger plans. 

Lowe Howard, with figures 
due tomorrow, dimbol a 
further 1 Sp to 403p while a 
management shake-up stimu- 
lated Saatchi & Saatchi, up 
lOp to 98Sp. 

Be tter-than-ex peeled profits 
foiled to support Freemans, at 
41 4p down lOp. BAT Indus- 
tries gave up 8p to 393p ahead 
of tomorrow's results. 


• JAMES HALSTEAD 
GROUP: The interim dividend 
has increased 33 per cent to 2p. 
Pretax profit was 1,803( 1.281) 
with figures in £000. 

• AMERICAN MEDICAL 
INTERN AlONAL: The figures 
for the second quarter, with 
figures in £000 were follows: 
gross revenue 862.034 
(649.065), net revenue 670.855 1 
(546,691). pre-tax loss 135,891, 
including $f 14.6 million (£65.4 
million) of set write-downs and 
about $660 million of additional 
reserves from medicare ac- 
counts receivable in real practice 
insurance (profit 71,439). 

• INTERNATIONAL CITY 
HOLDINGS:The interim divi- 
dend for the six months January 
31 is 3p (nil) as forecast in the 
offer for sale. The figures are in 
£000: Revenue 24.607 (20.366). 
pretax profit 6.085 (4.477), tax 
1,215 (668) minorities 25 (12). 
attributable 4.845 (3,797| and 
earnings per share 1 l.8p(10.4p). 

• ASDA PROPERTY: Lain* & 
Cruickshank is to place £9 
million first maturing debenture 
shares. 201 1 payable as to £25 
per £ 1 00 on acceptance and as to 
the balance by June 9. 

• CONTROL SECURITIES: 
For the six months September 
30. 1985 there is no dividend. 
The figures are in £000: Total 
turnover 4.270 (4,056), cost of 
sales - property expenses 148 
(nil) - property dealing loss 
2.066 (3,605 loss), investment 
dealing 1043 (nil) leasing, 
investment and other income 
402 (nil). 

• DAVENPORTS: After the 
extraordinary general meeting 
the offers for Davenports are 
unconditional in all respects and 
will remain open until further 
notice. The cash alternative 
closed last Wednesday. Daven- 
ports ordinary shares, in respect 
of which irrevocable undertak- 
ings were received by greenal) 
whitiey .are at a total of 
5.040.502(62.1 percent). 


for last year. The figures are in 
£000: Turnover 60.285 (40275), 
profit before tax 2,615 (1,589). 
tax 929 (312). minority interest 
credit nil (136) and profit 
attributable 1,686 (1,141). 

• HIGHLAND AND LOW- 
LANDS BERHAD: The group's 
results for the year to December 
31. 1985 are as follows: final 
dividend 8.75 cents, making IS 
cents gross (22.5 cents). With 
figures in S millions, turnover 
was 132.950 (147.781) invest- 
ment and other income 20.158 
(20.997). operating profit 60.590 
(80.780) profit of associated 
companies 69 (nil), pretax profit 
60.659 (80.780) (after depreci- 
ation and amortization 6,055 
(5.536). tax 24.425 (36343) 
minority debt 269 (nil) extraor- 
dinary 57,467 (debt 8S0) profit 

07 Ait /Ai SKT) 


In chemicals. Brent added 
4p to 149p after a 23p im- 
provement in earnings but 
lower profits knocked 12p 
from Hickson International at 
4 (6p. Booker rose lOp to 350p 
ahead of today's figures. 

Bumper profits and scrip 
proposals lifted Grampian 
Holdings 1 5p to 23Sp. Barrow 
Hepbnrn also pleased at 56p. 
up 4p. 

Scattered gains in properties 
included Bradford at S35p, 
Warner Estates, 8 1 Op, Car- 
diff. 230p. and Marler Es- 


tates. 260p. all between iOp 
and 25p higher. Adverse com- 
ment upset Aitken Hume, at 
!48p down IOp. Smith St 
Anbyn improved 3p to 44p on 
news of another bid approach. 

Among overseas banks. 
Standard Chartered slipped 
13p to 544p ahead of today's 
results with pretax profits 
expected to exceed £240 
million. 

In dull insurances. Pruden- 
tial lost 8p to 884p, also ahead 
of figures today. In mines, bid 
speculation faded at Rio 
Tiflto-Zinc, down 1 5p to 742p. 


RECENT ISSUES 


EQUITIES 

Abbott M V (IBOp) 
Ashley (L) (135p) 

BPP (160(3) 
Brookmount (160p) 
Chart FL (86p) 
Chancery Secs (63p) 
Conv 9% A 2000 
Cranswick M (95p) 
Diatene (I28p) 
Ferguson (J) (10p) 
Granyte Surface (56p) 
Inoco (55p) 

JS Pathology (160p) 
Jarvis Porter <1Q5p) 
Kfearfold (118p) 
Lexicon (115p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 
Merivaie M (115p) 


Norank Sys (90p) 
Really Useful (330p) 
SAC Inti (lOOp) 


230 -3 
219-6 
195 

182+2 
94 
78-2 
£29 
107 
200 
32 
88 
47 
290 
135-3 
121 +1 

138-1 

144 

112-4 

350 

136 


SPP (125p) 
Templeton (2l5p) 
Sigmex (101p) 
Snowdon & B (97 p) 
Spice (80p) 

Tech Comp (130p) 


Underwoods (180p) 
Wellcome (120p) 

W York Hosp (90p) 
Wickes (I40p) 


159-1 

235 

86 

117+3 

96 

211 

185-2 

214-3 

78 

173-2 


RIGHTS ISSUES 

Cullens N/P 
Hartwells N/P 
NMW Comp 11 

Porter chad F/P 
Safeway UK £4S 

Wates F/P 14 

Westland F/P 8 

(Issue price in brackets). 


75 

115-5 
104 
£49 +'2 
149-2 
85-3 


b’ 6 ^ I XL & & '<*£»’ -i \k IT*-. iia if" ias"; 

Highlights from the 
Report and Accounts for 1 985 

Year ended 31 December 


Turnover 148.0 133.7 

Profit on ordinary activities 

beforetax 13.1 15.0 

Earnings for ordinary 

shareholders 7.5 8.7 

Total ordinary dividend 2.9 2. 7 

Earnings - pence per share 39 45 

Dividend - pence per share 15 14 

“Group performance was affected during 1985 by 
severe competition in the chemical industry and dull 
market conditions: the recession tn the building 
industry and currency devaluations which reduced 
the sterling valueof profit arising in South Africa. 

New Zealand and Australia . ’ 

-Demand tor chemicals increased in the early part 
of 1 986 and the overall trend in profits is showing 
signs of improvement ..." 

"Merchant Distributors has made excellent 
progress..." 

M. Hopley Chairman 

The above information is an abridged version of 
the group's full accounts which have noi yet been 
filed with the Registrar of Companies but on which 
the company s auditors have given an unqualified 
opinion 

The full Repon and Accounts will be osculated to 
shareholders on 9 April 1986 and will then be 
available from the Secretary. Hickson International 
PLC. Caslleiord. West 
Yorkshi re. WF 1 0 2 JT 


_ HICKSON 


Alexanders 
Leung & Cruickshank 
Holdings Ltd 







mm 


. 14 


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AA-* ) a\-C& 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


FINANCE AND INDUSTRY 


: ■- •.% ■ * 


The . banking supervisory 
machinery m most mdustriaj- 
ized countries is grinding into 
top gear to deal with a 
problem that only relatively 
can claim to under- 

The problem is that of “off- 
balance sheet risk”: how to 
regulate it and how to evaluate 
the dangers it throws up- in 

Comparison with o rdinar y 

banking business. 

The arcane nature of much 
off-balance sheet risk makes 
the problem of supervision all 

Sliding deeper 
mtothebog 
of international 
. debt crisis .. 

the more complex, but this is 
no mere sideshow in the 
mainstream of banking busi- 
ness. Off-balance sheet risk of 
one son or another has risen 
sharply in importance over 
die past three years. 

No reliable figures exist for 
the . City or anywhere else to 
show exactly how big the 
business has become. Indeed 


banks are keeping more 
off their balance sheets 


By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 


the lack of gtandar diTed infor- 
mation is one of the chief 
problems the Bank of England 
is setting out to tackle. 

But it' is clear that many 
banks, large and small, have 
taken on commitments worth 
hundreds of millions of 
pounds which have so for 
slipped through the super- 
visors’ net. 

Off-balance sheet risk 
comes in many forms but, in 
general, h. involves taking on a 
commitment rather than mak- 
ing a direct; loan. The bank 
earns -fee income, from its 
clients for taking on the 
commitment, " rather - than 
canting interest as it would 
from a conventional Iran. 

... The transaction does not, 
therefore, appear on the 
bank's balance sheet, but there 
is undeniably a risk. 

The main reasons for the 
sudden popularity of this busi- 
ness lie in the base change in- 
banking over the past few 
years. As banks slid deeper 
into the bog of the internation- 
al debt crises in the early 
1980s, their credit ratings - 


slipped and diems began to 
shy away from them. 

At the same time the trend 
towards securitization of debt 
offered a neat way for corpo- 
rate customers to bypass bank 
lending. The only way for 
banks to keep some of the 
business was to stand in as 
intermediaries, arranging 
deals between principals rath- 
er than acting directly as 
lender or borrower. 

Many banks may 
not understand 
the nature and 
size of the risks 

Bankers have exercised 
their ingenuity in finding in- 
creasingly sophisticated ways 
of doing this, but supervisors 
are worried that many banks 
do not folly understand the 
nature and size of the risks 
they are taking. 

Take a standby arrange- 
ment, for example. Most note 


issuance fadlities involve pa- 
per being issued by a commer- 
cial borrower and a guarantee 
by the bank arranging the deal 
to provide funds if the liquid- 
ity of the paper market dries 
up- 

How often banks win be 
called on to honour these 
commitments is not known, 
but the Bank believes that the 
risk is greater thanl say. with a 
traditional overdraft. 

It remains to be seen what 
risk-asset weightings the su- 
pervisors produce to put be- 
side the weightings laid down 
for conventional banking 
business. 

It is possible that they will 
vary from country to country, 
giving the banks of some 
countries a competitive ad- 
vantage, although banking su- 
pervisors from the Group of 
Ten industrialized countries 
committed themselves in the 
recent Basle Committee re- 
port to a policy of minimizing 
inequalities. 

Whatever the outcome, it 
will be an important addition 
to the structure of banking 
supervision in all Western 
countries. 


Thi>»dintivniMM t*. pubJrOw h Ml Rnihtrtnb] L .-ho- Ijmilrd and J.llrnn vbmdw H.1C9 i. IhUkiiImI imhrhairiil Henvoi TYuji PlJC,TTirI>irwlonrf Hanson TYum PLCjrrtbrpmeas 
rrsporalMrforllionilbnamopcoBmaodmUiisadsew ii fmm i . 1<-inrhN.4iht-ir|.n.».imc>-.inilbi-lh-f inoiwl«LMiall n-mnabk r.irli>niMii- iluawh i»tbr<asrj ltn-inlanHliaamplBillFdRI 
Hus a d, unbamml isinnimteicr ssnntlir lads. Thf IHiwlnrsnlllium TmM PIC arrcpl WiJoaitbllH» » C « < Mgl? . 

Latest prices: 

At last some help for the hard pressed I mperial shareholder. 

Mindful that share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a bulletin 
showing the value of each ofthe offers for your company. 

In order to be perfectly fair, the values we’ve quoted are based on the 
best possible offers. 

HANSON BID WORTH: 




2 e 


Thco-.\ fax twi dcrBcN gel 

' Memorial 


A Phjvnnatur of 

“Mozarts Coronation Mass in C (K3T7)” 

uill lake place at 
• Sr. A Lntui-hi-the-Ficlds 
(Trafafetr Square, Loudon) 

on Thursday, 10th April, 1986 
at 12 30 for 12.45 p.m. 

to which all of his jrinids and colfaigucs ore imrited 


f/vr Ourrij' mpnnn.'ph'iarAiuurt Mitkrllr Rafik’ iMi 0I-60O0S44) . 


Grieveson Grant 
and Co. 

MEMBERS OFTHE STOCK EXCHANGE 

From Tuesday 1st April 1986 
we shall be at 

PO Box 560 
20 Fenchurch Street 
London EC3P 3DB 

Telephone: 01-623 8000 


UNITED BISCUITS BID WOBTH: 

330-7p 

HANSON BID BETTER BY: 


+3 


Figures based on ihe market prices at T.TOpm •*» Moittfav. 


5p 


New Nationwide Rates 

From April I s 1986 

SHARE ACCOUNTS & CASH BOOSTER 6.00% net 
FLEXACCOUNTS . 

£1-£1,999 .. 6.25% net 

£2,000 pita 8 . 00 % net 

BONUSBUfLDER ACCOUNTS 

£10Q-£499 7.00% net 

£5Q0-£1,999 7.75% net 

£2,000-£4,999 8.00% net 

£5,000-£9.999 8.25% net 

£10,000 plus ' . 8.50% net 

CAPfTAL BONDS (26TH ISSUE) 8.50% net 

The rate of Interest on all existing Capital Bonds will be decreased 
by 3.00% from 1 April 1986.The guaranteed extra interest paid on all 
existing Capital Bonds continues unchanged. ■ 

DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS 5.75% net 

OTHER INVESTMENT ACCOUNTS 

The rate of interest paid on all other investment accounts except 
Treasurers Accounts will be decreased by 1-00% from 1 April 1986. 


MORTGAGES: NEW ADVANCES 


12 . 00 % 


The rate of interest charged on all mortgages for new owner occupier 
borrowers is 12.00%. 


MORTGAGES: EXISTING 


12 . 00 % 


The rate of interest charged on afl mortgages for owner occupier 
borrowers win be 12.00% from 1 April 1986 and the lower level of 
repayments will apply from that date. 


New 


Rates 


= Zm,- i H ANSON TRU S T T 

CONTINUING GROWTH FROM BASIC BUSINESSES. 

Box No. . . The values of Hanson TVusi's and United Bi«uit»‘ofler* depend on Iheir respective. -han' pner>. The abate utTer taluet are for Hanson Trust's Sharp and Coni rrtiMr Stock Election 

Co /Times Nrwoianare * * and Ended Bocuiis.' Offer. The offer values lake arrou mot esilmainln Hoare Gown Ud.ofihevalue*aiiliei*leianiordinai>»hare prices. oT the ID^cOomUMetoan WX&oT 

PO Box 484 VirSniaSfreet, Hanson and Ore corn rmMr pirferred Owm at l imedBisrmh. 

' LONDON E19XN 







1985 


Pre-tax profit 


£57.8 m 


£45.1 m 


£3L6m 


£21.6m 


A record year 

Profits up 28% to £57.8m 
Earnings up 39% to £40 JLm 
Dividend up 16.7% to 5.25p 
Net borrowings down by £31m 


NahonwideBuikfcng Society New Oxford House. Nigh HoUJorn.London WCav 6PW. 


This advertisement is issued in compliance with the Regulations of the Council of 
The Smck Exchange, ft does not constitute an invitation to the public to subscribe 
for or purchase any securities of W5L Holdings pic. 

WSL HOLDINGS PLC 

(Incorporated in England with registered No. 222271) 

. Introduction of 

17,921,046 new ordinary shares of 
5p each of WSL Holdings pic 

Application has been made to the Council of The Stock Exchange for the 
whole of the share capital of WSL Holdings pic, issued and to be issued, 

to be admitted to the Official List. 

Listing Particulars wifi be circulated in the Extel Statistical Services and 
copies of the Listing Particulars may be obtained during usual business hours 
on any weekday, except Saturdays and public holidays up to and including 
15th April. 1986, from: 

WSL Holdings pic, 

8 & 9 Lincoln's Inn Fields, 

London WC2A 3DW 


Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited, L. Messel & Co.. 

40-66 Queen Victoria Street, PO. Box 521, 1 Finsbury Avenue. 
London EC4P 4EL London EC2M 2QE 

Copies of the Listing Particulars will also be available until 27th March, 1986 
from the Company Announcements Office. The Stock Exchange, London 
EC2P2BT. 

25th March, 1986 


Sir Robert Clark, Chairman, reports on an 
encouraging yean 

“Our sales, pre-tax profits, return on assets and 
earnings per share are all records for the Company. 

“Margins, at the pre-tax stage, were up overall from 
4.7 per cent in 1983 and 6J. per cent in 1984 to 7.5 per cent 

“Of our total sales, 52.6 per cent were made in the 
UK, 16.1 per cent by export from the UK and 31.3 per 
cent from overseas manufacture. 

“We achieved the greatest improvement in refined 
and wrought metals, and two activities were primarily 
responsible: IMI Refiners and titanium, where turnover 
and product mix benefited from a substantial uplift in 
aerospace demand which seems set to continue for at 
least two or three years. 

“In fluid power we made further progress on the 
excellent performance reported in 1984. Our general 
engineering and building products activities also did 
significantly better, as did heat exchange. 

“In special-purpose valves our advance was more 
modest, but we were encouraged by some upturn 
towards the year-end. Only in drinks dispense were we 
unable quite to match last year’s record figures, but the 
outcome was by no means unsatisfactory, and our 
confidence of future profits growth from this sector 
remains high. 


IMI 


means more than metal 


“Our employees throughout the world have put a 
great deal of effective and dedicated work into 
achievement of these figures, and I express the Boards 
gratitude to them all. 

“The current year has started well in most of our 
business areas, and I am confident of our ability to 
build further on our recent success.” 


Summary of results 

Turnover 
Trading profit 
Profit before taxation 

Earnings applicable 
to shareholders 
[excluding extraordinary items) 

Earnings per share 

(excluding extraordinary items) 

Dividend per share 


| The Annual Report, which coma ins a comprehensive rez’iai' 
f of I Ml's aaiziiies will be published on 24th April. If you 
j would like a copy please complete the coupon: 

| To: The Secretary IMI pic, RO. Box 216. Birmingham B6 “BA. 
j Please- send me a copy of the Annual Report. I 


.\dtiroS— 


1985 

1984 

£m 

£m 

766.2 

737.9 

63.7 

52.6 

57.8 

45.1 

40.1 

28.9 

14.9p 

10.7p 

5-25p 

4.5p 


BUILDING PRODUCTS HEAT EXCHANGE DRINKS DISPENSE FLUID POWER | 

SPECIAL PURPOSE VAIAES GESERALESCINEERINC KERNED AND WROUGHT METALS | 










sugar price 


Bar fees case a 


“Anticipation", the wise 
man said, "is enough to keep 
ihe market brewing lightly." 
Although it was not tea he had 
in mmd the metaphor was 
more or less apt because we 
were talking about sugar. 
Since the beginning of the year 
sugar prices have risen by 
more than two cents to all of 
7.5 cents a pound. 

It sounds modest enough. 
But by the sugar market's 
recent standards it is cause for 
celebration. The idea is firmly 
abroad that the long slump is 
o\er and sugar prices are on 
the w ay up. 

Three categories of argu- 
ment support this. They di- 
vide happily into past, present 
and future - perhaps better 
classified as wisdom after the 
event half knowledge, and 
faith. But since all are com- 
mon to commodity market 
analy sis they must be accepted 
as part of the real world. 

The argument derived from 
the past is the crop cycle. 


Sugar cycles are believed to 
run o\er$ix vears from trough 
to peak. The last two bull 
markets conveniently reached 
their climax in 1974 and 1980. 

Perhaps we should not turn 
the precise number of years 
into a fetish, but the logic is 
reasonable. Expanding or re- 
ducing the volume of any crop 
takes time, including the real-, 
ization by farmers, refiners, 
governments, traders and con- 
sumers that prices are too high 
or loo low for their particular 
needs. 

Bv way of a diversion, one 
might speculate about the 
same phenomenon tn other 
farm commodities. Wheat is 
cheap, cocoa is middling, and 
coffee expensive. These very- 
different foods do not neces- 
sarily have the same cycle, or 
course. But the Tact that their 
prices are rising, could nse 
won or are not bad suddenly 
makes the gloomy talk of all 
those bear markets a little less 
depressing. Perhaps the next 


couple of years will noi be so 
grim for primary producers 
after all. 

Anyway, back to sugar. 
Within the six-year cycle even 
longer term trends are evi- 
dent. Consumption in devel- 
oped countries is static or 

falling, partly becaLise ° f slow 
population growth, but also 
because or taste and price 
changes which have favoured 
cither ariifical sweeteners or 
fewer sweeteners altogeuier. 

Consumption in developing 
countries has been restrained 
bv the slump and until recent- 
ly by the strong dollar, it is 
noticeable that the increase in 
consumption over ihe past I j 
years from 76 million tonnes 
to a forecast 98 or 99 million 
id 19S5-86 decelerated sharply 
after 19S3-S4. . 

Nevertheless, there is im- 
mediate evidence for a price 
rise this y ea r..'nie 
agree that there is likely to be a 
supply shortfall — the first 
since 1980. The deficit will be 






a t ■ - '• 




52 weeks ended 25 Jan * 86 ^ '* m?' 4 *" 

sr " r 

'■ A Om. 


a modest one million tonnes 
and stocks of 39 million 
tonnes will still represent 40 
per cent of annual 

consumption. . 

The stocks seem high, but 
analysts are always a little 
sceptical' about their^ own 
stock figures. The initial re- 
ports on which the statistics 
are based are unreliable 3nd 
some of the stored sugar may 
not be suitable for 
consumption. , 

The key here is production. 
The long-term factor is the 
slow adjustment of output to 
low prices. Nobody can make 
money from sugar at less than 
12-14 cents a pound- and even 
then only the very cheapest 
would survive — for example, 
some parts of Brazil. At the 
less than 3 cents prevailing 
last year - probably the lowest 
real prices ever - it was 
inevitable that farmers would 
start to grow less sugar. Pro- 
duction is likely to be lower m 
Cuba, the Dominican Repul> 
lie. Brazil, Argentina, the Phil- 
ippines and South Africa. _ 

In some instances special 
forces are at work. A combina- 
tion of drought and Hurriance 
bCate cut the Cuban crop from 
eight million tonnes to be- 
tween six and seven million. 
Cuba will have to find on the 
open market the difference 
which it is committed to sell to 
customers, and that is an 
important source of the antici- 
pation in the trade. 

But such accidents always 
happen, and not all are acci- 
: dents. Even the acreage sown 


m the European Community 
is forecast to fall by 2-3 per 
cent as the less generous sugar 
regime begins to change 
fanners’ views about the prol- 
i lability of the market. Gov- 
ernments simply cannot 
continue to protect their na- 
tional sugar industries indefi- 
nitely when production costs 
are a sizeable multiple of 
freely traded prices. 

The process, however, tS 
only just beginning. One ana- 
lyst said: “Real structural 
change is not yet with us”. Yel 
the anticipation, of such 
change is encouraging the 
market A price of 8 or 9 cents 
is conceivable if towards the 
end of the year the 1986-87 
statistics also look favourable. 

Enter faith. Will producers 
continue to cut back? Have 
governments really learned 
the lesson? Will better prices 
only generate new produc- 
tion? In short, could this cycle, 
starting from so humble a 
base, be aborted? 

One must fear that all of 
these things are possible. The 
best hope is that production 
costs go on rising, and that a 
weaker dollar will mean lower 
local currency earnings. 

After all 8 cents is still very 
cheap - which itself is encour- 
aging speculation by investors 
and commission houses — and 
real returns on capital em- 
ployed in the industry are 
elusive in many parts of the 
world. If farmers do indeed 
manage to restrain themselves 
ihe light brew could come to 
an all-out boil 


timetable to be 

- « n.. .tNMil 


Ppg ina V Lord QtanceBoT, Ex 
parte Alexander ' . = . 

Before Lord Lane, Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr Justice Borefaam 
and Mr Justice Taylor 
[Proceedings March 24] 

On the Lord Chancellors 
application, the Queen’s Bench 
Divisional Court granted an 


L/lV^lUUai p*— — 

adjournment until Wednesday 
of the Bar’s appficauon (TTW 
Times March 21, 22) fa r ■ 


declaration that the Lora 
Chancellor’s decision to in- 
crease by no more than 5. per 
cent fees payable to barristers 
for criminal legal aid • was 

unlawful. ' • .. -o 


uawiui. # 

Mr Sydney Kentridae, QQ, 
r Thomas Monson, QC, Mr 


Mr Thomas M orison, QC, Mr 
Nicholas Underhill" and Mr 
George Leggau Tor Mr Robert 
Scon Alexander QC Chairman 
Of the Bar of England and Waks, 
as representative of . the Bar. 
Council; Mr Nicholas Phillips, 
QC and Mr John Laws for jhe 
Lord Chancellor. . . ■ 

Mr Phillips expressed the 
parties' gratitude to tberr Lord- 
ships for the opportunity for 
farther consideration of the 
proceedings. ■ 

"In the light of your 
Lordships’ comments on Fri- 
day, discussions" have taken 
place between the parties with a 
view to agreeing a binding 
timetable for completing the 
remaining stages of the Bars 
claim. ” 


-TheLto Cto«nor would 
like to agree to tte tote 

ardate which could have®^ 
plications for . public expett- 

^ *-We woukj respectfully 

day morning. This will 
for the 

which the-Lo cd Q^ r^Upr wffl 

commence.iminemaioy- 

Mr ferfridge: 

Chancellor wains the 
menr- 

obviously Cstn havepo objection 

TO -We, xhat is,: the: Bar, haw 
mdeed proposed a tthiy de- 
railed umetabte for 

-dons. It wouldjiot be right 
me at this SB& W rcadit wd 
arid I do 

But we Trad fobugb* *at. P«£ 
baps, it 4hou» he injoj 
Lorddaips’ hands s o thy oy 
Wednesday morning 

ships would be aware of wWi « 

^TTte Lrad CtSet ’Jutafc***** 
think we should prefer to k now 
nothing about it for . the uroc 
being. , , 

• Mr Kehtridgei“As yqurLard- 

“Some of us have commitments 
on Wednesday-” 


Tteirto^«SS^te 


can be completed -»* 
negotiations break *^^„ 

TUt iS Sl would creajf 

difficulties in £ Jkc 

ootxsuhatfons that need to take 

taas^Sgs 

afternoon on Wednesday, j* 

have to go on, we can assure 
your Lortsbipstta* the reaprtyO« 
Sis side wifl not be very tang. 

Mr Itottrittotaskpd to men- 
tion apenoSncHe 
the case resumed he 1»P» 
their LonWups woukjj Tojive 
hnnr if he was not aWe to be 

^’‘TE^Lonl Chfcf J«**, 

parties good luck in their nego- 
tiations. - , 

Solicitors: Lawrence Graham; 
Treasury Solicitor. 


— 1 ,m 

• m 

m 

wit 

m 

• m 

•i . - 

• ■ *. m 

* 

mi 


LUX- . . .. . 

Adjudicator erred in disposing of 
nfriieai' without « heamg 


Regina v Immigration Appeal 
Adjudicator. Ex • parte 


y had a right of api^toa? . 

6sr«a?S"3S£?SeSs 


Sales £410m*up 14% * L ^ ^ 4 

Profit before tax £28m» up 27% ^ ,jp } 
Earnings per share 24.8p • up 45% , 

• .a C j: 


Final dividend proposed 4-7p 
Total dividends for year • up 27% 

. r tA 


M 9 




; ■ * 

; :;l, ^ Another year of strong growth 

Ck TkH T J 

j . i exoanded our share of the market 

■*and continued the improvement in profitability 99 

tire. 



■ ^ e 1 ; 

. ■ yr 




DRG: Mr Ian Lawie has 
been made a director. 

W.H. Smith & Son (Hold- 
ings): Lord W indies ham be- 
comes a non-executive 
director from April I. 

Norman. Broadbent Inter- 
national: Mr T G Parry 
Rogers has joined the board as 
a nonexecutive director. 

Ship Mortgage Finance Co 
(SMFCJ: Mr Roger Hope has 
been appointed to the board. 

Hiram Walker Internation- 
al: Mr Richard Watting is the 
new director of marketing. 

Hambros Bank: Mr Edward 
Adame has been appointed a 
director. 

Robertson Research Inter- 
national: Mr David Keith and 
Mr David Wilson have joined 
the RRI board and that of 
Robertson Research Petro- 
leum Services. . „ 

Datron International: Mr 
David Metcalfe has been ap- 
pointed director of corporate 
development . . . , 

Sentinel Life: Mr Michad 
fteid has been appointed exec- 
utive chairman. Mr Ian 
W : addell managing director 
and Mr Keith Furniss sales 
and marketing director. 

Harris/3M Document 
Products Incorporated: Mr 


Bernard Goodall becomes re- 
gional director. 

Colourgraphic Printers: Mr 
Nick Winks has been named 
group managing director. 

J. Rothschild Holdings: Mr 
Nicholas Roditi and Mr Clive 
Gibson have been appointed 
to the board. 


Aaiuun.Hi.ui, r urishrri yry art vice trom auuwiuj . 

Rahmani and Others w!Sm. to- «ol «hhto a tea«» ted 

Before Lord Scarman. I^d Advisory Scrvwe. * . beawnet _ _ ■ iB 

Elwyn-Jones, Lord RotkilL . w ^ lltliar y nrganinUioD Tbe n«aimution 

Lord Templeman and Laid .bgt fawmac^OQt^ast^ptfon 

Mackay of Clashfern SSSad statute and that the n& 

[Speeches sold March 201 __ ^bfic resources. oaion «> dismi ssd«_ap^^ 

A letter from the United had sotght^ might ther efore, be quashed on 

Kingdom Immigrants Advisory "J* fronL t he service^ that sunpte - 

Service siting that th^ ^ ^ ^^ing them to ad for tte - ’ 

farther instructions fromdre appeal, to fae t had ofyer wuM^ hcr 

respondents and no knowjedff Notices rf app^ ^riictmMjOlhere^ 

of their whereabouts did not ■ retjoesin* an for >ihe respond ents in vk 

justify the adjudicator in 

determining Abe respond^B afterwmds, -*e -tod the ™ 

appeals without a hearing under moved, bat. , j 4 ovexnbev 9.198I, so stated. 

Skl2 of the ImnSration rS5i 3' ^liafeed. if Itoserviwhad no 

1972 No 1684). . rtf.«^ress. no-diateof neSs todft tod -to requ«t the 

The House pfLorc^ dg- maddin 

missed an appeal by the adjwfr- -,".in«er M 

cater, Mr C E. When trie ctek to tbe a^ufr- . _ that the 



Oi UICU nuBtouunuf ” 

justify the adjudicator m 
determining the respondents’ 
appeals without a hearing under 
rule 12 of the Immigration 
Appeals (Procedure) Rules (SI 
1972 No 1684). ' ' ' 

The House of Lords cto- 


sr-ctoTrf AS»r(too 'js&'&XSi 

Justice Stephenson, Lord Jus- 
tSTox a^ Lord Justice Pnr- 


be si bearing, that she 


Michael Reid J 

Hawker Siddeley: Mr'W J j 
Richardson has been made; 
managing director of Haddon- 
Oldham .and chairman of 
Crompton Batteries, Oldham 
Batteries, Tungstone Batteries 
and KW Battery. 

John Mowlem & Co: Mr 
David Porter joins the board 
from April 8. • 


dhasV (The Times January 14. heart on ™sibe a toarimL that she 

^5- [1985] QB 1 109) affirming the 3SSd awrat tows ofitstime and 

Mr Justice TaylorV order for t tor she w ghed a 

judicial review of the cbttxfa*; to represent her. 

adjudicator's decision dismiss- fr°m ^ ^ jQn foe evidence, the adjudl- 

ini appeals by the respontoiB. ^S^hisS^ <!aibc ^ baA tad norrason to be 
Mrs Mahnaz Rahmam Md hw; satpfierf" that there was no 

two children, from ^ihe refusal of be n^^Sit F^onaiflhorized to represent 

the Secretary of State for the suchma™. 35 he may aeem» ^ n-spomfants at a hearing of 


- -trW. 


r : , mail ukdER 

r. • — \ .„y ' '"j \ . ■ 

Freemans PLC 139 Clapham Road London SW9 OHR 


COMPANY NEWS 


the secretary oi amw; ^ ^ ,rto7*wr’* 

Home Department of an eaten- : to he P rt ^ e F,'' S ... 
sion oftheir leave to stay in the , Tbc adfadkator W 

United Kingdom. • M exercise the powo' 

Rule 12 provides: “Art appd- to- d«wmji^.thC|^ 
late authority may deterhfine an ont a taeanhg^anamai 
appeal without a hearing if-w dismisshigthcanai ; 
no party iq-.ito .appeal.' ta» The respoudenof i 

requested a hearing; - . -,or (c; mbsotpienfly of their 
the appellate authority ^ is sal- j^ soogfa judicial ife 
isfied that the appellant is ^ odicator’s decisio* 
outside the United Kingdom, or Th _ nrint ^ ™c 
that it is hnpracti^le to give r-JJSffiS 
him notice ofaheanug and, m 
eilbc.ow , that no praon tt 


KAXJU _ — r . -- 

. foe respondents at a hearing of 
<rf November 9. 


od news 


‘.n fc.P iJgi on which he must have 
W*- justified him m a 
T^.^ndingTtot frie service was not 
" ^S&iKjrtDed to represent them. 

should have requi red an 
is nft v ^L y ^ ^am HiguouK dectorarion from 
service either that their 
: ^^&S'4»stai<M 0 “s bad been with- 
d tr^ht '^drawn or that they had no 


» ^ ..* W k 

; 3*, 

— • 

- i- ■ . ■- 


^T^Ierier tad contained no 
*sdch dedaration, and Mrs 


either case, that no pram J ^ "■ sdeh dedaration, _and Mn 

authorized to represent him at a publfo: ‘auttori^ -Rafanacu tad neither with 

bearing: • • ^ ..Shti. ■folatf-' drawn her instrncopns nor lef 


• BESTWOOD; Dividend for 
1985 maintained at (ip. Turn- 
over £4.43 million l£2-13 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £483.000 
(£264,000). Earnings per share 
12.8p (4.2p). 

• BROOK STREET BU- 

REAU: Blue Arrow's offer has 
been accepted for 10.27 million 
shares (99.4 per cent). The offer 
will dose on April 4. 


FROGMORE ESTATES PLC 


Unaudited Results 

6 months 
to 31 Dec '85 
£000h 

6 months 
to 31 Dec "S4 
£000’s 

Turnover 

15J18_ 

n,073_ 

Profit before taxation ■ 
Taxation 

Profit after taxation 

5,122 

(1,835) 

3 j2?L 

4,626 

(1,855) 

2,771 

Interim dividend - Net amount per share 

_b945p 

_l,768p 

Earnings per share 

Estimated Net Asset Value Per . Share 

Contracted Rent Roll 

9.5p 

235p 

.£7j980m 

8.0p 

209p 

£6297m 


• ARMITAGE BROTHERS: 
28 weeks to Dec. 14, 1985. 
Turnover £9.58 million (£8.59 
million). Pretax profit £246,000 
(£366.000). Earnings per share 

JrEUABLE PROPERTIES: 
Half-year to Dec. 31, 1985. 
Interim dividend 1.25p (l-25p). 
payable on May 1. Pretax profit 
£252.000 (£478.000). Earnings 
per share 6. 3p ( 10-9p). 

• MUIRHEAD: The board has 
decided to propose early repay- 
ment of the 7¥» per cent deben- 
ture stock, 1988/93, at par, plus 
accrued interest. Some £479,335 
of the stock is outstanding. 

• GEORGE INGHAM * CO: 
Total dividend for 1985 raised 
from Ip to 1 . 5 p. Turnover £4.48 
million (£3.93 million). Pretax 
profit £1 15.000 <£86.000V 

• PHILIPS' LAMPS: The 

company and Du Pont have 
finalized the agreements involv- 
ing the formation of their 50/50 
joint venture on optical storage 
media. This newly-formed ven- 
ture. Philips and Du Pont 
Optical is expected to have 
annual sales approaching SI 
billion (£667 million) within 
five years. 

• SYSTEMS DESIGNERS: 
Following the merger with 
Warrington Associates in 1985, 
$4 million (£2.67 million) - the 
maximum amount of deferred 
consideration under the terms 
of Lhe agreement - is. due to the 
vendor, E L Warrington. It will 
be satisfied by about S2 million 
in cash and S2 million m 
ordinary shares. 

• SPONG HOLDINGS: The 
company is to raise £1-26 mil- 
lion. net, by a placing of 1.5 
million. 7 per cent convertible 
redeemable preference shares at 
par- 


bearing: - . " ; ■ - • . S Sas fractions nor left 

Mr Andrew CoOms, QCand ™uctr statate fofiPtaft. 4 be service without tnsmicnons. 

Mr John Laws for the adjadi- S^T^Sd^^withoutwtate,,. A necessary condition, there- 
cator; Sir Ctarlra Ftetcher- "S^i lfaonjwiety ch- ’^^u? ' fore, fbr tbe exerrise by the 
Cooke, QCand Mr George Ware adjudicator of his power to 

for the respondents. . - '^SirrrHrir^‘'- be on ' "deternrine the appeals without a 

_ ffecm^se<ff ''hearix»g tad been lacking. He 

LORD SC^RM^ ®d tted -Slaved in taw in^ proceeding 

the respondents came from Iran. ^ dnder role 1L 

Their original leave toerUerand ■ r^Lnirf Elwyn-Jones, Lord 

W bad b^ ^raded fa Loiri Templeman and 

September 25, 1980, but ■foe . Lort Mackay agreed, 

wcreiary of state had refased a ^ ^ JJudicaior Jea ve ^r&Owt^rSm SoUdtor. 

further extension ofteave. haOp^n Sandler. Summer & 

His notice of refasal tad bgv wMbteai&TteL' <£. 
informed the resnondents that HqweVtt,4tCia noranac. i vju 


• ' :-l» 

- . •; 
■* • #1 


• ■■ •: *•••• ^ 
• :■! - r»*A 


■“ : . _.i- '4 

- -■ :• ..->1 


informed foe respondents that 

No power to 
review 
judge’s order 


iv, t £ 


Regina v Central Criminal 


Court, Ex parte Raymond ^ • • 

Before Lord Justice Woolf and _ • ' ,■ 

Mr Justice Webster • dwfotf.foTCPO^»f^-K oad 

[Judgment given March 18] Traflfo.gA^.A?. ^ .i^^^b way 

Orders made by a crown, uiuit .. jge 

;..rin> that an indirtment should nwfiBaj^meam niLc Of - mef,wo«l 


Highway that is not a 

^ ‘road’- 

within the statute 




T-»T V 


LORD JUSTICE CROOM- 
JOHNSON said that the defen- 
dant bad conceded that foe 


I judge that an Indictment sno.uki 
lie on the file not .to . be 


lie on the file not - fo be was. a 
proceeded with without foe ing.qf: 
leave of that court or the Court Act." 
of Appeal, were oriersirffecting -•The 
foe conduct of foe trial and - vision 
accordingly foe Queen's Bench 'Croon 
Divisional Court had no Juris- McGo 
diction to review foe decision .to when 
make such an order under way . 
section 29(3) of ihe Supreme defeh 
Court Act 198L •• - agains 

The Divisional Courtsobekl, fC a&Ue 

refusing an application for jn- 


fotf,word 

S^mean- 

ffoei‘1972 


route he took was a r high way. 

The definition of “roacr in 
section 196(1) was any highway 
and any other road to which the 
public had access-That did not 




■ • The r i' Queers "BeneH ^Di- * mean that a highway also had to 
visidnal ..*G&urt* (Lord . Justice . be a road within foe mdinary 
'Crobm^dhtobn and Mr Justice meaning of the word. 

McGowan} so beW «n March 1 7 The suggestion in Wilkinson 's 

when dismi^ing ah appeal by . Rood Traffic .Offences vol I, 
way df ^case stated . by . the 12th edition, at p41 that foe 
aefebdanC Michael 'Lang, definition -in section 196(1) 
hfe conviction at New- should not include footpaths 
^ca&tle'upoaTyne Crown Court and bridlewavs was not ao- 

b'. nr At ftr 'WiifU r — .t. 


be a road wimin foe ordinary 
meaning of the wort. 

The suggestion in Wilkinson ’s 
Ratal Traffic . Offences vol I, 
12th edition, at p41 that foe 
definition in section 196(1) 




The DivirioM.Gourtso nejd, , Cro»m ; Court and bridJewavg . was not ac- 

refusing an application for jp^ 'fa)‘^driv | ihg , tf motor Vehicle oepted.' Proyialhg' a footpath or 
dicial review by way qf cenia- wWte^disqualified and under the a bridleway was a highway then 
ran and mandamus on die mfinence-of aJcofaoL they were unauestionablv roads. 


Highlights from Chairman’s statement 

* Record interim results with pre-tax profits 11% higher at £5^22m 

* Interim dividend increased by 10% to L945p net, payable 2nd May, 19 

* Earnings per share have risen by 19% to 9.5p 

* Contracted rent roll £7.98m increased by 17% 

* Net Assets per share now estimated to be 235p 

* Group borrowings further reduced - less than £15m . 

* Looking forward with confidence to Company's continued progress 


1985 CLARETS 

We arc current!) uttering the 
following 

1VS5 Clares fur sale 'on primcur' J 
(e\ cellar* Bonleaui > 

Ch. Lan«.>an. Cunvjv P.«t Medoc 
Ch.LwOrmesdePez.St. Exiephe. 
Ch,Glorw.St Jul«n 
Ch. Jl> Can* n sac Si. Laurent 
Ch. St. Pierre St.Julieh. 

Ch. Haul BauilW. Pauillac 
Ch. Lynch-Baues- Pauillac 
Ch. 0?>- d' Csii »umcl. Si Exicphe 
Ch.LaGaffeliftre Si. Erailkm 
Ch. Gaun. Ptinwrul 


rah and mandamus bn die 

ground that tbe court had no 

jurisdiction, to entertain the 

application. ■ ' 

The defendant, Stephen Pat- 
rick Raymond, sought relief on 
foe ground that the crown court 
judge had no jurisdiction to 
make such an onder 'without, foe 
defendant's consent" After sen- 
tence he had been arraigned on 
the remaining counts on foe 
indictment and pleaded not 
8“?? to town- j -i- . 4 . 


infinence-of akrihoL 

Intolerable 

burden 

ontmbunal 


Marriage can 
: be treated 
as binding 


'• “-"MS 
'-3M 


Baroo v Secretary of State far • Seray-Wurie v Seray-Wnrle 

Where, foe validity of a mar* 
- Where^a^tnedKtal appeal tri- nage was .in dinxne the iudae 


dictment Mid -pleaded not Wh^^a^whcal appeal. tri- riage was in dinxiie the iudae 
ifity to them. L bunai h^l to assess tbedegree to could for the purposes ofan 

Mr Michael West, QC Tor the whrch the pant anddi scomfor t application for mteriocutory re- 
rfrndant; Mr -John Uws for which jta appl^r suffered . lief under foe Matrimonial 
e prosecuti on. _ • '• impaired hn mobility, . for foe Homes Act 1983, treat the 

LORD JUSTICE. .VIpQLF uiarriage-air bmffiiig until foe 

jj . to hevand. he ■ was entitled to mobilitv .... -1 ~r ... . 


fc-* 


LORD JUSTICE .WpQLF ^ mairiage-air bmditig unffi foe 

said, that the orters went beyond, he was emitted to mobility, contrary was shown when the 
the ordinary outer for an alfoyanee,^ be an Tntot-': - issue was properly determined 

■■ <kw Viarf thi» urahiA hnnVn if it had in mnlu i ■_ 


.. " A h 

■n. « , --*3 


eitect not omy oi pw4«iu«s«- iw«n- -T-h™ Af . . „ 

S bu° in eflfect, ordering that lance wtaidt he cpuld walk and Ju ^, C 2J{^ n of fPPeal (Lord 
fom foould be no trial. - anoifot fofpam whkb S^£^ an i^f ust i“ 
1 None the less bis Lordship ; roused him to aop wafkrng/ l^d J ustice 

cond udedfoat they could norto:, ^.Oo-Marah 17, 


FROGMORE 
ESTATES PLC 



mere uiuuiu w mm ... . ttt. 7 

None the less bis Lordship : roused.him to 
concluded that they could notto:- 
distinguished from an order for ^ accept-foe a 
an adiournment and as they also ldence regarding J 
related to trial , on indictment 1 -; pfan- pc foefostai 


appeal by the 
a decision, rfat^d 


i adioummem ana as uicy «» u«rce m Auiml . ^ ,q 0 - 

related to trial on indictment^ pfan- pc the -diStaDce which he Jud 8 c Mon - 

Sd to would regard them^ could walk, there was no denial « a High 

“orders affecting to conduct of pfamiu^ri Jusuce. w lack of wife’s 

ftevEr . • fifotasTir foe tribunaT did. not die husband 

Thw were orters to thfc appUcant that he was .• Sd^ S ! 6 .^ 16 n ‘S tr V? on “ 11,ora « 

•ials should not be conducted 'exaggerating or telhng untruths. bis -rights of 


1 h 




FROGMORE HALL WATTOM-AT-STONE HERTFORDSHIRE SG14 3RW 


Wchishly recommend that dfe I 

l%5"Clare»sj-hi'uUhe j 

representnl in any serious cellar J 
Pruvs available un appHroinm 
from PATRICK D SANDEMAN. 
CAVES DE LA M ADF.LE1NE. 
Xil Fulbam RuaiLSVc'IO 
(01-55158631 . . 


incy "cis siuvi- — r~- — 

trials should not be^ conducted ot 
without the court’s leave ana foe . - , 

decisions in respect of whK* foe:^Jo 

application was made fWJriwfofa; 
foe exccption.to secnon 29 ff).gfi '.di 


Uic appucam uui re WBS • -^j T. ■ umu imomai noise 
rating or telling untruths. ™ “™nated his .rights of 
^Goui^' bf . Appeal (Lord occ V paUon farthwifo. 

LbftD-Jti^rrn 


rMay -And -Sar John men ' ' 

Rsostatedon March 17, rawJSfojySK DlLL 0 N 
rn. an appeal' by .Mr SK* husbairt.eqntended 


Mr Justice WeSer agreed- merfa* bis aytealftom a und ?' 1h e 

• Solicits Ms Marte.Sta^.^^L^peal. tribunaL which pnlyapph^d to 

ton; Director of Pubftc hnn mobile rSS^^^^J ocaci, 9 t b«‘to 

portions. , ^. matrimonial 

- . « ■ --J*,' ' *.• v» . »• 


s-'k, 




: V"i ■•sMfc. 







/ 




ill 



“ By Richard Sanson 

Robb WHmofs new cbjp- 
~ making company. ES2, Euro- 
pean Silicon Structures, was 
looking for a work station of 
* the right power to run its 

- silicon design software at the 
-least cosl 

— ■ It has found one- in 

2'“’ London's East End, Silicon 
Alley perhaps, at a company 
called Whitechapel Computer 
-Works. 

The software wfl] also be 
r’ British written by Edinburgh- 
•- based Lattice Logic. But per- 
^ baps most important the ES2 
connection wiu launch White- 
m chapel into Europe: Only a 
t: .three-year-old company, it is' 
» only just dipping its toe into 
-■ foreign markets and this coJ- 
laborative deal could make 
"*’* Whitechapel the European 
leader for chip design work 
^ ! stations. It could do the same 
v • for Lattice Logic. 

This catalytic effect on 
-■ young companies was always 
.... (Hie of the side effects Rob 
'*"• Wihnot hoped for in setting 
: ' up ESI Its corporate investors 
are Olivetti from Italy, Philips 
from Holland, Bull . from 
France, Saab-Scania from 
. Sweden, Brown Boveri from 
■ Switzerland, Telefonica from 
Spain and British Aerospace. 

As well as money, these 
companies win provide ES2 
with technical help and they 
o are alsp likely to be Wilmot's 
■“•■ first customers. So it is diffi- 
cult to see how he can lose. 
They, too, are likely to cun 
„ technically and financially 
7 n ,from the ES2 connection. 

> A notable absentee from the 
J corporate backers is IGL, 
—• Wilmot's old company. This 
was partly because STC, ICL's 
"* parent, is in the custom chip 
"" business itself And, in its 
present financial state, STC 
- does not have much spare 
cash to invest It will miss the 
catalytic effects. 

. ... Mr Wilmot has tried to give' 

-"his company a European, 
rather than -a national legal 
identity, but found that, do • 
spite- 30 years of trying, the 
^ EEC . has not succeeded in 

- creating a legal framework for ' 
a European company. So he 

-'•-did the next best thing, to 

- - incorporate the holding coro- 
* *pany in the smallest EEC 

country, Luxembourg, the seat 
;*;-of the European . Court of 
**’ Justice. 




Robb WHmofc Prospects 
in London 's“East End 
He has spread - the 
company’s resources even- 
haodedJy around Europe. The 
head office is in Munich, 
presided over by a French- 
man, the. managing director, 
Jean. Luc Grand-Clement. 
Production of the chips will be 
at a silicon foundry in Aix-en- 
Provence — a prudent move, 
as French governments tend 
to demand production 
fidlites in France, before they 
open up their public sector 
markets. The design depart- 
ment will be at Bracknell, 
reflecting Britain's pre-emi- 
nence in European software. 
As well as designing and 

^^^mchise other ^silicon 
founderies around Europe, 
and will supply the hardware 
and software tools to small 
and medium companies so 
that they can set up their own 
design departments. The 
whole purpose of ES2 is to 
give Europe the tools to cut 
down the time to design and 
make small batches of chips 
from 16 weeks to two to four 
weeks. It will not just be ES2 
who will learn these new 
techniques. They will lead) 
the whole electronics industry 
across Europe. 

- -They have already won two 
customers in Belgium. AD this 
has been achieved since last 
September, outpacing the pol- 
iticians and Eurocrats, who 
have . spent the winter 
agonising endlessly and fruit- 
lessly about the structure and 
funding of Eureka. Mr Wilmot 
is showing that Europe is to be 
built by businessmen, not 
ideologists. 


Good news for printer 
in software bridges 


"* ByMikeGmard 
The good news for publishers 
l"- 4 and printers when writers 
started using word-processors 
was that bulky, untidy manu- 
: scripts could be done away 
■>... with and it became possible to 
p‘; edit and typeset direct from 
disks. 

The bad news, as it nsusaDy 
is when you start dealing with 
computers, was incompat- 
ability.' Fine if printer, pub- 
lisber, .and author all have, 
say, an IBM-compatible per- 
sonal computer and a copy of 
Wordstar, but if the author 
- has used a different piece of 
word-processing software, 
; then it is no good printer or 
publisher trying to toad it into 
their own machine using 
Wordstar, as the software will 

- not recognise it 

- You could go out and buy 
the same piece of software, but 
with a few hundred word- 
processing programs for PC 
machines alone, this could 
prove a pretty costly and 
complicated solution in the 

• long run. And what do you do 
... * if your writer does not have a 
PC machine, but perhaps uses 
a BBC an Apricot, or the 
•* Amsrad PCW? Do you try to 
Z" cope equally weH with 5%- 
. inch disks, 3%-incb disks, and 
3-inch disis? 

, _ Wherever there is an 
incompatability problem, 
" however, be it marriages or 
micros, ib ere is usually money 
7' to be made by anyone pro 

• - pared to take the trouble to 
7 solve it, and in this case it is a 

. company called tnterMedia 

- from Lewes in East Sussex, 

• whose Multi Media Convener 
is now turning over more than 

_ £1 million a year for them, pot 

- * just from publishers and print- 

ers. but from banks, govero- 
ment departments, software 
houses and other or ganiz a- 
tions, both here and abroad. 

The heart of the system is a 
~ Zenith Z-IOO which in adth- 
“tion to 5*4 disks can be 
’ '*■ adapted to take 3 'A-mch. 3- 
inch and 8-mch disks, as well 


as half-inch, 9-track magnetic 
tape. 

Having connected the hard- 
ware, the software allows you 
to load in any one of 540 
different disk or tape formats, 
from an ABC to a Zilog, with 
new formats being added on a 
quarterly basis. 

As well as more popular 
systems like Apples, IBMs, 
usd DEC machine^, it also 
includes options for files pro- 
duced on die likes of BBCs, 
Triumph Adlers* and' Sliver 
Reeds.: 

The software recognises all 
the codes used in the various 
systems, and therefore allows 
the user to load in material 
and have it displayed deanly 
on the screen rather than as a 
jumble of illegible garbage. 
Provided a -publisher's editor 
was familiar with the word- 
processing the file was written 
unite’, it could then be edited 
on-screen and returned to the 
author for approval, or passed 
direct to the typesetters. 

If the typesetters themselves 
were not able to set the 
material from the formal orig- 
inally used by the author, then 
the Multi Media Converter 
allows the editor to download 
the material on to any of the 
other formats - and disk sizes 
available. 

The system is not just of use 
to publishers and printers, 
however. Software houses can 
readily convert programs 
from one format to another, 
while two of Sweden's big 
three banks are using the 
system to make it easier to 
deal with automated pay- 
ments from a large range of 
customers. 

InterMedia offers a conver- 
sion service— useful if you are 
thinking of up-dating your 
system, and will therefore 
need to convert all your files 
to go with ill MultiMedia is 
not cheap, at £ 10 , 000 -plus for 
the basic bard disk version 
with no frills, but there is 
never any good news without 
bad news, is ihere? 


Wright Air 

ll^Ctaiditianiiig 

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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


COMPUTER HORIZONS/1 


23 

Edited by Matthew May 


New 



in US pact 


The computer industry is preparing 
itself to shoulder much of rhe costs 
which are expected to accrue from the 
worldwide rise in the price of 
microchips. The anticipated escalation 
in price win result from an agreement 
which last week was in the final stages of 
being struck between the American 
suppliers of semiconductors and their 
Japanese equivalents. 

That agreement steins from the 
Americans' obsession with cheap Japa- 
nese imports and the Japanese attempt 
to cater to the US paranoia in the event 
that the alternative would be 
protectionism. 

The irony is that the effects of this, the 
"semiconductor accord" will be felt as 
much by the US computer and electron- 
ics industries as by the Japanese. 

The war between the US and Japan 
over semiconductors is almost 10 years 
old and the US chip makers have 
lobbied hard in the last year to ensure 
government support in their attempt to 
exert pressure on the Japanese. Japan, 
the manufacturers claim, have been 
dumping microchips on the US market 
by selling them at less than 1 cost Two 
weeks ago the US companies had their 
first significant victory with the Com- 
merce Department imposing a duty on 
memory microchips imported from 
Japan. That duty ranged from 20 to 200 
percent. 

The manufacturers have been seeking 
a better Jong-term solution than the 
imposition of duties, particularly one 
which will give the industry more 
stability. The fierce price war in 
microchips during the last two years, 
precipitated by overproduction of com- 
ponents because anticipated growth in 
the computer market was never 
realised, scared the semiconductor 
makers. 

Many of the principal suppliers 


suffered a substantia! drop in sales, had 
to cut their production, lay off workers 
and dose factories. Such unpleasantries 
have made the semiconductor manufac- 
turers very nervous. 

The spiral continued with the com- 
puter suppliers savagely cutting prices 
both in Europe and the US in an 
attempt to keep market share. Conse- 
quently the component suppliers were 
under more pressure to cut prices 

The stakes are high. Between them 
the US and Japanese manufacturers 
supply more than 90 per cent of the 
world microchips. Texas Instruments. 
Motorola, National Semiconductorand 
Intel are in the top 10 and do battle with 


I 


THE -WEEK 


I 


By Bill Johnstone 

Technology Correspondent 


NEC, Hitachi, Toshiba and Fujitsu. The 
only European in the same class is 
Philips. 

Dr Robert Noyce, the pioneer of 
microchip design and vice- 
chairman/co-founder of Intel, has been 
fighting for a decade allegedly unfair 
Japanese practices in the US and his 
views epitomise the fears of the US 
microchip industry. In a recent pub- 
lished interview he said; “We’ve been 
working on this problem since 
l977„.We have spent a disproportion- 
ate amount of time and treasure trying 
to figure out how to ward off a trade war 
with Japan while preserving our 
viability." 

Dr Noyce and many other industrial- 
ists consider the protection of the home 
semiconductor market as vital to the US 
economy. 

But the effect that such an agreement 


will have on the economy may not be 
the one they seek. The agreement would 
undoubtedly seek to try and provide a 
method by which US microchips can 
penetrate the closed Japanese market. 
The Americans would seek to benefit 
through such an agreement by having 
their components in the many Japanese 
products invading the US and European 
markets. 

The reality is likely to be quite 
different. A similar deal was struck 
about three to tour years ago between 
the Japanese and the Americans on 
telecommunications equipment supply. 
That deal, applauded by many on both 
sides of the Pacific as revolutionaiy, was 
not worth the paper on which it was 
written. 

The Americans also have to attract 
Japanese companies to trade. The 
Japanese very rarely buy non-Japanese 
products and invariably only do when 
there is no Japanese equivalent. Sadly 
the only way for the Americans or any 
other nation to fight such attitudes 
effectively is to convince their home 
markets to behave similarly. 

But the biggest danger to the Ameri- 
can economy may be posed not by the 
supposed Japanese dumping but 
through the pact formed with the 
Japanese. The Americans have long 
prided themselves on a free market 
economy. The US-Japan agreement 
could siifie such new businesses by 
ensuring that only the big boys who are 
members of the dub and can play the 
microchip manufacturing game. 

With linle difficulty one might de- 
scribe such an agreement as the founda- 
tions of a carteL No doubt there'll be 
someone from the computer world who 
might see it that way and uphold 
another American tradition — test it in 
court. Beware microchip suppliers, the 
new dangers may be worse than the old. 


Softclone keeps 
individual touch 


British micro makers, while 
increasingly bowing to the 
IBM PCs standard, are using 
a novel technique that re- 
moves the need for the slavish 
imitation this normally en- 
tails. writes David Guest. 

The method that they hope 
will allow them to preserve 
their individuality is called 
Softdone. It made its first 
appearance when Apricot 
launched the Xen microcom- 
puier in the US last 
November. 

In operation Softclone is 
like an adaptor that you fit 
between the plug and the 
socket to make an electrical 
appliance work in a foreign 
country. 

Programs written for the PC 
can be “softcloued" to run on 
other systems, but any fea- 
tures that make the host 
computer superior to an IBM 
PC are not compromised in 
the process. 

It works by budding up a 
map of the points at which a 
program interacts with a PC — 
where it accepts data from the 
keyboard, where it puts char- 
acters out to the screen, or 
accesses a disk. 

For a company that wants 
to make the most popular 
programs available for its 
machine, it is a relatively 
cheap and quick alternative to 
asking software firms such as 
Lotus. Ashton-Tate or others 


for a customised version of 
their software. 

Softclone was devised by a 
US company. Control C Soft- 
ware. but in a sense it's a 
product of the brain drain. 
The founder of Control C, 
Andy Johnson-Laird, is a 
Briton who was once turned 
down for a job by ICL. 
Conirol C now assists ICL in 
implementing its microcom- 
puter operating systems. 

Digital Research is examin- 
ing the possibility of applying 
the technique to an operating 
system not at presem suitable 
for PC programs. 

Softclone does not alter the 
program it is operating on nor 
does it involve any illegal 
copying. Under ideal circum- 
stances it can actually enhance 
a program, according to Mr 
Johnson-Laird. He cited the 
case of the popular word 
processor, WordStar, where 
softcloning could prevent 
WordStar hogging the printer 
— a desirable result especially 
on a multi-user system. 

The technique requires very 
little memory. It demands a 
machine with a processor of 
the type in the IBM PC family, 
a suitable operating system, 
and the ability to read 1BM- 
format disks. 

Digital Research is not 
working to a timetable, but 
ultimately its involvement 
could have the most far- 
reaching effects. 



Wang base been making computers for more than 
three decades. 

These day% we design them to distributeinfarmaiion 
between desktop and mainfr ame, across offices or oc ean s. 

Wang computers aren't fussy who they work with. 
They get along famously with IBM and in many other 
environments. 

And a new 4th generation language, called MCE, 


their own data, ^eedingupyotm organisation and making 
everyone more productive. 

Wang systems can be tinted ro many others, using OUT 
wide range of nctwoiiring products. (Good news for any- 
one who's seen the cost of cdecommunkations recently.) 


There's also a solution for your office c ab li ng prob- 
lems. It's called WangNet and it's probably the most 
advanced broadband Local Area Network available today, 
fiber can even install one version yourself) 

Thousands of companies already rely on Wang for 
office automation. 

Now we have a new product; called Wang OFFICE, 
which makes almost anything possible. 

It's a set of business applications that hdps everyone 
in your company work and communicate quickly and 
effectively. Anyone with a desktop terminal now has in- 
sane access to office automation rods such as electronic 
mail, word processing and messaging (plus, of coursc,net- 
working and data processing). 


It's a lot to squeeze into a computer and certainly too 
much to fit on this small page. 

So if you'd like to hear more, send off the coupon or 
call Wang on 01-568 4444. 


Please send me full details on Wang Computer Systems. 

Name— I 7 35/3 

Position. 

Company. — ■■ 

Address. 


.TH.No. 

lb- Janice Dinham. Wang (UKl Linn led. 661 London Road, Islewonh, 
Middlesex TW74EH. Telephone: 0J-56S 4444 TtiCC 595412L 



OFFICES IN ABERDEEN, BIRMINGHAM. EDINBURGH. LEEDS, LONDON (WEST END AND CITY), MANCHESTER. REDHUL AND SLOUGH. 




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Keeping accounts 
within the law 

This week’s Workshop looks al exemption from the Data 
protection Act. when networks will improve, rhp cost of 
development staff and artificial intelligence. Medley Voysey will 
answer questions m this column on any aspect of business or per- 
sonal computing Write to Workshop, Computer Horizons, The 
Times, 1 Pennington St. London El. 





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Our accounts data use gives 
the firm exemption from regis- 
tration under the Data Protec- 
tion Act, However, our new 
computers may use some sales 
accounts dam to do mailing, so 
I am told. I believe that this 
trill mean that registration 
should be made. Is thb true? 
• Yes. fi is Also doubtful if 
exemption applies. Are you 
sure that even die current sales 
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suggest that calls are made on 
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marketing purposes removes 
the exemption. At £22 for a 
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fence is not high. 

To be sure of registering 
properly it is useful to obtain 
the ‘‘guidelines” published by 
the Office of The Data Protec- 
tion Registrar. There is also a 
very simple booklet which 
answers questions such as the 
one you have raised, which is 
titled Questions and Answers 
on the Act. 


WORKSHOP 


Our experience of connecting 
different systems has been 
frustrating. Eventually the 
networks can be made to 
function, but often rather poor- 
ly. When will things improve? 
• The satisfactory networking 
of particular computer patch- 
works is unpredictable. The 
urge to change this is now 
creating new businesses to 
deal with the problem. The 
National Computing Centre 
and the National Physical 
Laboratory are trying to pin 
down what works properly 
and under what conditions. 
The Networking Centre, near 
Slough, is already in operation 
with advice. It will shortly be 
doing strict testing for many 
local network configurations. 

In the United States the 
main computer suppliers, in- 
cluding IBM, are funding 
jointly a Corporation for 
Open Systems which aims to 
speed up the arrival of practi- 
cal interworking between 


commonplace, but different, 
machines. 

This year will not see any 
spectacular results, but 1987 
should be a lot better. 

We have a large team of 
systems development staff. 
We have equipped- them with 
personal computers and spe- 
cial software to aid them. Is 
there an accepted cost figure 
for supporting staff at the 
analysis level? 

• Software to support systems 
analysis staff is generally part 
of a hefty investment per 
person. The packages which 
do diagramming of data flows 
and keep track of data descrip- 
tions in a comprehensive cata- 
logue are not cheap. For 
instance, the McDonnell 
Douglas subsidiary working in 
computing sells a software 
package for about £2.500. it is 
able to run on an IBM PC/XT 
fitted with 640 kilobytes of 
store. It needs some extra 
hardware to run the graphics 
for the diagrams - and a 
“pointer’' to move parts of the 
pretty pictures. 

There are a number of 
systems of this kind on offer, 
but most of them wotk out at 
much the same cost per 
person. 

Is there a best way of ensuring 
that artificial intelligence sys- 
tems written in the “Usp” 
programming language ran be 
transferred from machine to 
machine? These systems are 
costly to produce. 

# The main American dialects 
of Lisp are Interlisp, Common 
Lisp and Portable Standard 
Lisp In the UK many projects 
are coded in Mimaki Lisp 
which is simply a set of 
guidelines foreasng the prob- 
lem of transferring applica- 
tions between machines. 

Among many enthusiasts 
for using Usp on personal 
computers are groups which 
advise 'prospective developers 
of systems on methods to 
lessen portability problems. 
However, the general muddle 
is, by now, traditional for 
programming languages 
which suddenly rise in the 
popularity ratings. 


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Q. Correct Htw does the InhUigeat Assistant iratfc? 

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Q.Correct Anything else? 

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By Martin Banks 

News is cominfiout of Califor- 
nia that could herald the first, 
glimmerings of. real robots, 
rather than the poor and inept 
attempts at the genre that have 
so for appeared. Circuit chips 
that can process sight and 
sound in much the same way 
as the human brain are now in 
the offing. . 

The chips are the product of 
the California Institute of 
Technology in Pasadena by 
Professor Carver Mead, one of 
the pioneers of VLSI (Very 
Large Scale Integration) cir- 
cuit design. This is the black 
art of getting an amazing 
amount of electronic circuitry 
packed into an infinitesmaily 
small space. 

His latest efforts are part of 
a long-running project to ex- 
amine and develop alternative 
methods of computing. The 
way that computers currently 
operate is based around a 
central processor which con- 
trols all the actions the system 
takes. Though satisfactory for 
processing numbers and text, 
it soon becomes woefully in- 
adequate when trying to do 
anything more complicated- 

professor Mead’s chips are 
part of a new attempt being' 


madeat the Institute at under- 
standing the systems architec- 
ture of the human brain. One 
of the chips mimics the. retina 

• oftheeye.vduletheother.isan 
attempt to copy the cochlea of 
the ear. 

The retina chip has already 
shown that it can detea 
motion in laboratory experi- 
ments. The chips are right at 
limit of what can be packed 
into a single circuit cramming 
in around 100,000 transistors. 
They mark the start of what 
could be an entirely new 
direction for computer tech- 

• nology and its users. . 

For example, imagine what 
might come of a system that 
could see — using the retina 
chips Professor Mead has 
developed. There is a crying 
need tor such a capability in 
industry. 

Automated manufacturing 
systems are currently ham- 
pered by their inability to 
really see what they are work- 
ing with. TV cameras can 
provide some input of an 
object's shape in outline only. 
This makes the object only 
recognisable in certain, pre- 
defined aspects. If it is mis- 
aligned the computer won't 
recognise ft. If a robot could 
see in more the way humans 


do, it would be able to son out : 
even misaligned ejects.. 

,. These chips- could .also ere- 1 
are new applications areas for , 
computers whore the power of 
sight, and hearing can be ! 
combined with their speed of , 
processing or their tenacious 
powers ofconceniraliqn^ rathe ; 
face of abject boredom. , 

For example, a system ; 
could be programmed to 
watch television on your .be- 
halC monitoring the pro- 
grammes for material you are 
likely to want to see. You 
could program it to record 
only sports, or drama or irons 
from the news selected by 
keywords. It oculd- even be 
programmed to -forget - the 
commercials. Seeingand hear- 
ing will also be essential pre- 
requisites for any attempt at a . 
real robot Jeeves. The systems 
thatbaye so fsw been produced 
are very limited in • their 
capabilities. ' 

Their ability to. “see", for 
example, is based largely on 
infra-red or ultra-sonic detec- 
tors to prevent than bumping . 
into things. The positions of 
items the robot is- to deal with 
often have: to be precisely 
defined in three- dimensions, 
and if something is moved the 
robot is Iosl . 


Practical aid for the professionals 

The Data Protection Registrar is preparing to apply in very few cases.** Computers used only 
send out 26,000 information packs to lawyers for personal, family or household affairs are 
and accountants in public practice to help exempt but anyone who uses computers to 
them when advising chests about the Data process information about individuals for 
Protection Act Under the Act all existing business or professional purposes must 
computer uses of personal information must register, 
be registered by May 1 1 this year. 

So far the vast majority of companies have In a survey by the registrar's office only 44 
yet to register and the registrar Eric Howe per cent of smaller and 58 per cent of larger or> 
warns: “Unfortunately the exemptions are ganizations believed the Act would apply Jo 
being misinterpreted. Many data users do not . them. A telephone inquiry service has been set 
appreciate that the exemptions are likely to up on Wilmslow (0625) 535777. - - 


The Kremlin is a* 1 ”* * 

computer mimsny m a wd to 
accelerate production and 
^S rdth the 'Vest's huge 

^Tbe Politburo decision, 
published in the Moscow 
CssTsaid that the wm is to 
double the production of big 

computers by ***** 

make personal computers 
widely arailaWe. 

The move is the latest of a 
senes of measures ordered by 
the Soviet leader Mfltfmd 
Gorbachov to shake up Soviet 
industry and to redress the 
imbalance between the Sonet 
Union and the W est. 

Three institutes have al- 
ready been formed — in cyber- 
netics, data processing and 

micro-electronics — to study 

how to speed op the process. 

Gun Marchuk, chairman of 
the state committee for science 
and engineering, said earlier 
tVw month that the Soviet 
Union would produce millions 
of computers in the coming 
years. 

A major programme had 
been launched to develop mi- 
cro-computers, particularly in 
tpariimg , he ' said, . without 
giving farther details. 

The potidwro .decided in 
March last year to introduce 
mandatory computer classes 
St afi schools, but since this 
was pot into effect in Septem- 
ber there have been major 
logistical problems. 

A delegate to the recent 
Communist party congress 
raid Aero were only 50 com- 
puters available for four mil- 
lion young . people in 
Uzbekistan. . 

The autho riti es planned in 
die short tom to instal 
155^006 mfcro-owupHters in 
schools, hot there area total of 
100 itiffim pnpSs in Soviet 
schools- 

", Local officials are already 
on record as .saying that 
computers are being wasted 
because there were no suffi- 
ciently qualified people to 
operate them correctly. 

. Aa official in Armenia said 
the republic had 170 comput- 
ers bet there was so coherent 
system of operating them. 













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THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


i V-. . 







A quicker way to digital notes Cheap machines 

. . ■■■ ^ O TTT/X /iAnlAlYl 


Heinz Nixdorf 


Heinz Nixdorf, Ae founder of 
West Germany's biggest com- 
puter manufacturer, died on 
March 17 of a faeartnttack at 
the age of 60. 

He collapsed at a reception 
at the Hanover Information 
and Technology Fair and died 
In hospital. 

Herr Nixdorf, who was 
managing board chairman of 
Nixdorf AG, came Do represent 
the post-war German image of 
the sdf-made man and trans~ 
formed his passion for elec- 
tronics into n worldwide 
concern. 

He set np his first workshop 
in a cellar as a stra g gling 27- 
year-oid student in 1952 with 
DM30,000 (about £8,800) of 
government aid and one 
assistant. 

Today Nixdorf AG employs 
more than 23,000 people and 
had a revenae last year of 
DM4 bflUon. 

The leading West German , 
business magazine 

Wirtsckqftswodu described 
him last year as “Germany’s 
most successful post-war 
entrepreneur**. 

The big 
boom in 
corporate 


' By Nick Hampshire 
Typing in program listings for 
home computers from books 
and- magazines is so time- 
consuming and error prone 
that none but foe most enthu- 
siastic will normally attempt 
such an exercise. 

The problem of how to 
publish computer software, 
and data, in alow-cost primed 
form has long exercised the 
raindsof both publishers and 
authors. The solution may 
now be at' hand; machine 
readable printed software. 

Special patterned strips 
composed of many small dots 
are printed on to a page in a 
paper, magazine or book. By 
running a small hand-held 
device down the strip,, a 
program or data is loaded into 
the attached computer. 

The data could be text, 
graphics, even digitized mu- 
sic. Because the data is printed 
it provides a cheap alternative 
to magnetic media or tetecom- 
nnmkations for the recording, 
distribution and retrieval of 
information. - 

The concept of being able to 
print machine readable soft- 
ware or data on a sheet of 
paper is not new. Many meth- 
ods have been tried over the 
years' to prodnce a cheap 
means of disseminating com- 
puter programs or data. 

The most successful has 
been bar codes of the type now 
seen on many grocery hems. 


COMPUTER 
BRIEFING yA 


‘ The Times and Hewlett- 
Packard. Further information 
from 01-439 4242. 


micros Amstrad launch 


■ Nearly 100,000 micros 
were sou to large organiza- 
tions last year which 

more than afl previous years 
combined, according to a 
survey by the Romtec con- 
sultancy. More than half 
were made by IBM and rn the 
private sector IBM's share 
rose to over three quarters. 

By 1988, the 200-page re- 
port predicts, there wffl be - 

700.000 micros installed 
compared to 190.000 today, 
while the number of soft- 
ware packages wffi grow from 

360.000 to V.7 million over ' 
the same period. ' 

Terminal warning 

■ The TUC has pubHshed a 
series of guidelines on the In- 
troduction and use of com- 
puter terminals, including the 
advice that intensive woix 
with them should not occupy 
more than 50 per cent of 
each day. ft also points out that 
though reports on the 

health risks of pregnant 
women using computer 
screens are so far incondu- - 
sive. the pregnant and 
those planning to become so 
should be gfvan the option / 
of woridngaway from them. By 
1990, the TUC predicts, 
more than half the British 
workforce wfll regularly use 
computer screens. 

Screen magazine 

■ The Times Network Sys- 
tems is to provide an electronic 
database of the monthly ‘ 
magazine Personal Computer ’ 
World. Subscribers will be 
abteto can up past and present 
news, reviews end features 
from the magazine for a cost of 
£4 a month plus connection 
charges aid win be able to 
communicate with each 

other over the national net- 
work. Personal Computer 
World was voted journal of the 
year m the UK Computer 
Press Awards sponsored by 


■ Having launched a larger 
£574 version of its highly 
successful word processor,' 
Amstrad is how turning its 
attention to an IBM- 


to be aimed directly at foe * 
business market. Amstrad will 
not confirm any details biit 
Popular Computing Weekly 
magazine predicts that 
AmstracLwUi launch two ver- 
sions of the computer, one 
with a hard (fisc drive included 
and with prices of £700 and 
E900. Both are said to include 


a colour monitor, may have • 
better graphics than IBM’s 
own PC and win be an- 
nounced in the autumn. 




rm 




MU' & 


‘Don’t worry. It*s not really 
as hectic as that working 
here. He’s just a poser* 

BT in Japan 

■ BritfsfrTetecom ptansto 
f3e an application with the . 
Japanese finance ministty - 
this month to fist its stocra on 
the Tokyo Stock Exchange, 
the chairman Sir George 
Jefferson said in Tokyo fast 
week. Mr Jefferson toJd report- 
ers that British Telecom 

may be able to list its stocks in 
Tokyo by June. Now, 
stocks of 21 foreign firms are 
fisted on the Tokyo stock . 
market 

Microsoft float 

■ The reigning king of the 
computer operating systems 
business, Microsoft, was 
publicly floated on the US mar- 
ket last week to an enthu- 
siastic response by US 



But the limitation ofbar codes 
is the small amount of data 
which can be carried on a 
single page, usually less than 

1,000 characters. 

This ‘ limitation has been 
overcome by an American 
firm Caurin Systems, which 
has developed ah entirely new 
approach to the problem. The 
solution is capable of storing 
up to 50,000 characters on a 
single sheet of A4 paper, and 
.could, generate a substantial 
new market for low-cost ma- 
. chine readable data. 

Normal printing methods 
can be used to reproduce the 
data which is then input into 
the computer using a hand- 

investors. The company 
sold all of the 2.5 million shares 
it offered at $21 each -and 
issued a subsequent 295,000 
shares at that price. By the 
Friday after the issue, that 
price had risen to $29, 
yielding a final value for the 
company of more than $700 
million. 

The Microsoft flotation is . 
one of the.most successful 
share-offerings of a soft- 
ware company. 

Jobs on Prestel 

■ For those who want to 
switch tabs In the computer in- 
dustry British Telecom's 
viewdata service, Prestel, has 
started a computer appoint- 
ments section on page ‘550. 
Job seekers can search the 
database for vacancies by ei- 
ther job description or saf • 
ary levels and fill m an 
application form an screen 
BT estimates that at current 
rates there wifi be 70,000 
terminals linked to Prestel by 
the end of 1986 though 
many of the sets are used only 
to access special trade ar- 
eas of the system. 

China show 

■ Displays at China's first 


month in Shenzhen will range 
from sophisticated satellite- 
launching rockets to micro- 
wave wine-aging 
equipment Jin Zhude, director 
of the Commission of Sck . 
ence. Technology and Industry 
for National Defence, sard 
that 1,200 products would be 
displayed for potential buy- 
ers at the fair to be hekj in the 
Shenzhen Special Eco- 
nomic Zone bordering Hong 
Kong from April 10-20. 

The official said that 500 
companies from 14 oountries 
have already indicated they 
plan to attend the fair, aimed at 
boosting this embryonic 
sector of the national econ- 
omy. Most of the displays 
will be products of national de-. 
. fence Industries, parttau- 
lariy those under the ministries ' 
of nuclear energy, aviation, 
ordnance and astronautics, 
and .would be competitive 
on the international market Mr 
Jin said. 


held scanner. The scanner is 
moved by hand acrass a page 
which can be loaded in just 
over a minute. 

The most expensive hem in 
the system is the scanner, 
which if this form of data 
dissem i nation becomes wide- 
spread will prove a good 
investment at £140. 

One interesting feature of 
the technology developed by 
Cauzin for the scanner is its 
ability to read the data from 
the page even if the printed 
strip has been written upon, 
scratched, wrinkled, or cov- 
ered m coffee stains. 

It does this by emitting 
infra-red light which is ab- 

Oxtech 
finally 
comes 
of age 

By Pets Levi 

There are now 186 Oxford- 
shire hi-tech companies wifo 
36 companies involved is 
computers. This is revealed m 
a research paper by Helen 
Lawton-Smitn, sponsored by 
the Oxford Trust, which in- 
tends to relate local research 
and development activities to 
relevant businesses. 

Oxfordshire’s major re- 
search institutions employ 

10,000 people and include 
Harwell, Cttlham and Ruther- 
ford. The trust has given an 
added fillip to changing aca- 
demic attitudes — it is now 
acceptable and even laudable 
for scientists and academics to 
apply their research in indus- 
try and commerce. 

One typical example of a 
company start-up is Exitech, 
set up in 1984 by laser experts 
Malcolm Gower and Phil 
Rumsby. who are two of 500 
scientists working at the Ruth- 
erford Laboratory. Working 
! evenings and weekends, they 
provide research on chemical 
bonds, but without a laser's 
: usual burning effect. The la- 
sers have applications in both 
plastics and biological tissue, 
producing dean precise cuts, 
down to the size of a micron, 

1 without damaging the sur- 
rounding plastic or tissue. 

Exitech is working with two 
I hospitals to find a method of 
unblocking arteries by sending 
laser beams through a fibre. 

Another company, Oxford 
, Lasers, is a prime example of 
successful technology transfer 
working on metal vapour 
systems in UK hospitals, so 
that photo-dynamic radiation 
therapy for treating cancer 
cells can be further assessed 
and improved. 

But the company to whose 
achievement many new com- 
panies aspire is Oxford Instru- 


sorfoed by the ordinary print- 
ing ink used to print the data 
strip. This causes the carbon 
in the black ink to beat up, a 
detector measures the heat 
output from the black areas 
and uses this information to 
input the data. 

The use of infra-red detec- 
tion gives the Cauzin reader 
some interesting abilities. Cof- 
fee stains and ink from fell tip 
pens win not beat up and we 
therefore ignored by the 
reader. 

Also, by printing on col- 
oured paper the data can be 
made proof against photo- 
copying, since the extra toner 
resulting from the coloured 


paper will render the strip 
unreadable. 

The developers claim that 
there is only a chance of one in : 
10 billion of an undetected j 
data error and that the error 
correction techniques used I 
mean that data can be success- 
fully read , 

The printed strips can be j 
fairly easily generated by a dot 1 
matrix primer using software 
already available from Cauzin : 
for most personal computers, j 
In this manner masters can 
easily be made for printing or 
for the transmission of data by , 
letter without further repro- 
duction. I 

Using this system to put 
data or programs on to paper . 
offers the user some interest- 1 
ing possibilities. It could be , 
used for secure hard copy 
storage of archival data. Data , 
and programs could quickly, I 
easily ana securely be sent by i 
post. 

The Cauzin reader is just 
coming on the market in the 
US; the UK is expected to 
follow within six months, with 
versions for the IBM PC 
Apple II and Macintosh and 
other machines to follow. 

A number of publishers are i 
committed to printing materi- 
al in the future and if this 
device lives up to its promise 
it could have a significant 
effect on the way computer | 
data or programs are distribut- | 
ed and sokL 


worry dealers 

By Geof Wheelwright 



Sweet wrapping: A 

meats, started in 1959 by 
Martin Wood. It was one of 
the first hi-tech companies in 
Oxfordshire. 

’ Today it employs 900 peo- 
ple in the UK, has a £60 
million turnover and in 1986 
wfll open its fifth local factory. 
Its philosophy is that when 
one company in the group gets 
to a certain size, part is hived 
off as well as being a breeding 
ground for new management. 

It is not often that an 
academic has the courage to 
make a total break with the 
university when setting up in 
business, but this is what Peter 
Davey, CBE. did at the age of 
47. In 1984 he set up Meta 

Younger academics 
set a new trend 

Machines, Britain's first com- 
pany to develop sensor-guided 
robotic systems, in conjunc- 
tion with Ed Hudson, previ- 
ously a senior manager at 
Unimation. This meant giving 
up both his research and the 
job to which he bad been 
seconded running the SERCs 
robotics research programme. 

There is a trend for younger 
academics to market their 
own ideas. In 1981, after 
physics graduates Henry 
Hyde-Thomson and Ernst 
Vorf Wey hausen won an en- 
trepreneurial competition, 
they set up Grafox. The result 
is Logistix. a spread-sheet 
program with time manage- 
ment which cost £395 and has 
sold 2,500 copies since last 
September. Having set up an 
associate company in Madrid, 
Grafox plans to distribute in 


robot with vision 


Europe m 1986. 

In 1983 Keith Davis, then 
aged 25, came out of the 
university’s department of 
chemical crystallography to 
set up Chemical Design. The 
company has developed a 
software system called Chem- 
X for molecular modelling; 
160 systems have now been 
installed worldwide, costing 
£17,500 each. 

Economic factors are forc- 
ing not only individuals but 
institutions to find ways of 
making money out of re- 
search. Harwell has 4.000 
employees and a £100 million 
turnover of which £40 million 
is research and development, 
nuclear contracts and £20 
million non-nuclear research 
and development 

The later contracts are at- 
tracted by the 20 business 
centres developed at Harwell 
over the last 20 years. 

In 1986 further impetus to 
high technology development 
in Oxfordshire — dubbed the 
Oxford Connection to rival 
the Cambridge Phenomenon j 
— is likely to be given by an ! 
Oxford University committee 
report which may recommend 
setting up a company to 
exploit the university’s intel- 
lectual property. 

Despite continued wrangles 
over an Oxford science park 
site, possibilities for physical 
growth, such as a fight indus- 
trial development incorporat- 
ing start-up units planned on a 
32-acre site owned by BNF 
Metals Technology Centre at 
Wantage, 17 miles south of 
Oxford may also be suggested. 


The advent of the cheap 
business computer may be 
good news for consumers, but 
it is giving computer dealers a 
hard time. 

Machines compatible wifo 
IBM's personal computer and 
software, have tumbled onto 
the marker — making a big 
splash in the computer media 
and putting pressure on deal- 
ers to drop prices. Dealers say 
that they don’t see much 
consumer reaction to the flood 
of inexpensive IBM PC clones 
from Taiwan. 

They also point out that 
dealers selling machines for 
£1,000 or less, cannot be 
expected to give much 
aftersales service. Yet the 
price squeeze on main stream 
dealers could soon see them 
putting a price on that training 
and support in order to com- 
pete with the cut price 
importers. 

Major companies such as 
Compaq and Olivetti claim 
they don't fear competition 
from Far Eastern importers. 
But the success of companies 
such as Amstrad — which has 
bad unprecedented sales in the 
small business sector with its 
PCW8256 word processor 
computer — has shown there is 
a big market for the right kind 
of low cost computers. 


The company is expected to 
announce a £1,000 IBM Style 
machine later this year. This 
could pot the fngktenen on 
some of the market leaders 
which have thus for main- 
tained a fair degree of market 
share without price cutting. 
The position for dealers could 
be even worse — as companies 
selling the cheap IBM done 
create an expectation in the 
public mind that the price of 
such machines should be less 
than £1,000. 

The dealers are also having 
increasing trouble making 
money on software: The mo- 
cess of companies such as 
Adam Osborne Paperbacks 
which sells appKcattoos for 
less than £100 and Borland 
Software, which has had great 
success with its low cost 
Sidekick have meant that 
dealers tend to make less 
money on software as wdL 

Some industry observers 
suggest that dealers win now 
turn to training and support 

Whatever happens, dealers 
may have to look at increas- 
ingly specialist markets to 
survive the onslaught of cheap 
machines, the entry of office 
equipment companies and 
High Street retailers (which 
has been the backbone of the 
Amstrad machines success) m 
this highly com p et i tive field. 


PCs move into 
the fast lane 

By David Guest 

A kind of motorway madness users want speed, and the 


has overtaken users of IBM 
personal computers. 

Various means of souping 
up the system in the PC range 


industry will give it to them. 

NEC already plans to com- 
pete with fonheomfog Intel 
processors doing the same 


have come into vogue and jobs but with 10 to 25 percent 
there is no sign that it is a more expedition. The crystal 
passing fed. makers in the US are pushing 

By comparison with earlier on from the p r es en t gains to 
small computers, and with even higher speeds. A means 
terminals on larger systems, has already been found of 
PCs are fast. Not fast enough, countering IBM's defensive 
however, to discourage inge- measure on a recent AT 
nious electronic firms nor — ■■ • — 

apparently to satisfy users. A disc connection 
It started early in the per- h i™- 

sonai computer’s ufe when nas Been sneivea 

accelerator boards appeared. ... , , 

These could be slotted into a model, where the crystal rate 
computer’s inners like an was automatically checked 
extra cylinder in a car engine, when the system was switched 
More recently, NEC have on. _ 

devised a processing unit These things occasionally 
equivalent to that of the PC set out of step. A UK storage 
but fester — one user reports a specialist, the Micro Technot- 
10 per cent improvement for °8Y Group, has shelved one 
the outlay of£l 1. This proces- particular disc connection de- 
sor switch is akin to cleaning vice because it dehvers date 
the points, replacing the plugs, foe fosc fester than the 
and giving the engine a tune- PC can handle it This device s 
up. day will surely come. 

in foe last month a neatly There are, however, several 
packaged go-fester device for unknowns in the equations, 
users of the PC AT has been Will the remaining IBM corn- 
introduced in the UK. For ponents in a PC be able to 
about £30. H could improve sunnve hf e in the fiw lane? 
the speed by around 30 per Will programs be affected? 
cent. It consists of a replace- Will a speeded up PC user be 
mem crystal, 16 MHz for the able to get a system repaired if 
ATs 12, the crystal’s rate of foe need arises, 
oscillation determining the Users seem willing to accept 
maximum revs of the ATs fo^c risks. In the first place, 
motor. the processors and crystals are 

simple plug-in devices. In the 

Wnrnino nniwc second, they cost so little that 
warning noises benefits they offer seem 

aDOOt new parts disproportionately great. 

- ‘ ’■ There is also the possibility. 

None of these tweaks and according to one UK supplier, 
tune-ups originate with IBM, that users are simply impa- 
tbe manufacturer of the vehi- tiem. The greatest fen or yet to 
de. It turned a blind eye to be determined concerns a 
accelerator boards but has user’s perception of time. PCs 
made warning noises about are generally fast A 10 per 
the effect of replacement parts cent improvement on what 
on the owner’s warranty. Intel, appears to be instantaneous 
maker of the PCs processor is response may be difficult to 
thought to be taking legal detect in normal cireum- 
advice about copyright But stances. 


10 per cent improvement for 
the outlay of£l 1. This proces- 
sor switch is akin to cleaning 
the points, replacing the plugs, 
and giving the engine a tune- 
up. 

In foe last month a neatly 
packaged go-fester device for 
users of the PC AT has been 
introduced in foe UK. For 
about £30. H could improve 
the speed by around 30 per 
cent It consists of a replace- 
ment crystal, 16 MHz for the 
ATs 12, the crystal’s rate of 
oscillation determining the 
maximum revs of the ATs 
motor. 

Warning noises 
about new parts 

None of these tweaks and 
tune-ups originate with IBM, 
the manufacturer of the vehi- 
cle. It turned a blind eye to 
accelerator boards but has 
made warning noises about 
the effect of replacement parts 
on the owner’s warranty. Intel, 
maker of the PCs processor is 
thought to be taking legal 
advice about copyright. But 




People who worked m Warwick In the old days 
often felt a Kttfe strait- jacketed. Life wasa bit too 
routine - nothing but boring old jousts, sieges and 

. battles. What's more, the hardware didn't 
change much from year to year. 

Things are different now, though. The 
whole environment is changing. The 
battle for progress isbeing fought by the 
diverse services of Warwickshire County 
Council. The front line artillery is the 
Computing and Management Services 
Department 

Over 130 peopteare engaged in a 
campaign to improve efficiency in an 
Authority that employs some I &000 
people To help us we have a brand new 
IBM 4381 model 3. Operating under MVS 

it supports a network of over 400 work 

stations, mdudfrg over 100 IBM PC's lor 
genera! office applications. 

1ft a big operation, tosay the least. 
But Jr does offer excellent opportunities 
to develop and stretch your skills across 
a broad spectrum of applications, in fact 
ifsan operation thafs large and flexible 
enough to caterfor ail yewr short and 
long term career needs, in terms of 
further training and development and 
progression up the career ladder 
Because here, you'll find feat promotion 
depends on meritand performance. 


Right now. we're looking for the following 
reinforcements-. 


Analyst /Programmers 

up to £12,500 

Project Leader 

up to €15,400 


Salaries are enhanced by a wide range of further 
benefits including, where appropriate, a full 
relocation package to this truly picturesque county 
with all the benefits of country living -and none of 
fee high costs found elsewhere. 

50 H you've plenty of experience in your armoury, 
why not phone for our information pack? 

Tel Warwick 10936J 493431 exT 2181 Alternatively write 
to Cheny Bobbins, Warwickshire County Council, 

P0 Box 9, Shire HaH. ftfarwickCV34 4RR. 


Closing date for return of 
applications - Hfe April, 1986 

Warwickshire 

An Equal Opportunffies Employer. 



COMPUTER APPOINTMENTS 


Programmer Q 


Pembroke 


TEXACO 


We are currently looking for a Programmer/Analyst to assist with 
developing applications/systems on behalf of our refinery. This position 
would involve locating in Pembroke for 3 years then relocating to our 
Central London office 

Programming will be done using Fortran on Multiple Data General 
MV/10000 computers. Applications will include business systems as 
well as process control and data acquisition. Applicants must have a BSc, 
ideally in computer science, maths or chemical engineering and have had 
a minimum of 3 years related DP experience. A good knowledge of 
Fortran and systems anaiysis/design is essential. Exposure to 
development using Data General or other mini computers would be an 
advantaga 

A salary commensurate with age, experience and qualifications will 
be offered along with benefits generally associated with any large 
organisation. 

Please write, giving full career details, to; 

Ms. A. Ellison, Personnel Officer, Recruitment 
Texaco Limited, 1 Knightsbridge Green, 

London 5W1X7QJ. 

We are an equal opportunity employer. 





AY MARCH 25 198 




A vita! role in a challenging commercial environment 

IMS is a well established and highly diversified company providing software 
products, services and consultancy to UK commerce and industry- 

Our Legal Department is of vital importance to the continuing success of our 
operations, and we now seek an experienced Legal Executive to deal with all general 

legalniattere. ^ ^ pj nance Director, you will undertake all legal work relating to 
properties, the maintenance of company insurances, sales and purchase contracts, 
credit control and trademark registration. From time to time, 

you will also perform ad-hoc Board projects. MB A 

This is an important position ideally calling for a B m M 

numerate qualified solicitor or legal executive with sound M B m ^^^B 

relevant experience and commercial awareness. BBBM BUB tMMBS 

A thorough understanding of software is also necessary. M B B 

Salary, prospects and benefits will reflect the B B B 

importance we place on recruiting the right person. 

If your qualifications and experience match our 
requirements, contact Helen Gardiner. Human B B B 

Resources Director. United Information Services B B B 

Limited, Apex House. 4a- 10 West Street. Epsom, . ,y.. ■ ■■ . m M 

Surrey KT18 7RG. Tel: Epsom (03727) 29655. NttmM MtBM 


' 5 - ' I fie 

VfP 


SOLICITORS 

Commercial Proper!} 


We require two sotoon to join as. This presort* Ibc 
s u«x»fu l apptioou with the oppwuuary to develop their 
career prospects in a dnamc and expanding area of 
praam oHWdi demands dm only faudtoaual application 
bmabohmifu WWI 

Our Coantercm P r op e rt y Departaem deab withafl 
MpccUOfcB afl ie rua lcoTive ya aciflg.hidgd ii ^ property 
development and mvesmem; securities: pwrtiases. sales 
and leases of strops, offices, warcboases; tew* and 
recreational properties and agricnUnral work. 

One pasmoo will suit an eapenenced and ambitions 
soUriror accustomed 10 worka^wafa tfac maunwn of 
sopervisioo. ' 

The other position »Ut ant an rOhwwsrt cyoMBg 
sofidtor anamos ip pin experience. 

Full mating be given ad die devetopmeat of 

conunmiicaDcn skills and professional kaowfedgear* 
fMi wwl Ky KjHih.- H»pm»iwinl iMMnijj, 

The right candidates wili have tbeafaiiiyand 
pct waaM ryto team qaxAJy and ammoc lapooaMity far a 
varied and interesting, afiocacioa of efient matters. 

Top salaries offered. A full Pra ctis ing Certificate h 
neo eswry . 

Apply in writing with career details to us at 249 West 
George Street, CHa»gcr».G24RB (Ret AAS). 

Sen^le^. 

, .Crawford 
Herron 




We seek two more Solicitors for our Corporate 
Services and Commercial Property Departments. 

Company / Commerical Solicitor 

- Partnership Calibre 

This position is for a Solicitor with at least five years 
qualified experience, interested in covering a wide 
range of corporate and commercial matters, 
particularly involving high-technology ventures. The 
applicant should have the confidence and ability to 
deal with clients at the highest level. Early partnership 
prospects are very good. 

Commercial Conveyancing Solicitor 

Excellent prospects 

We require a further Solicitor with up to three years 
experience since qualification to join our expanding 
Commercial Property Department 

The work covers all aspects of Commercial 
Conveyancing and applicants should be capable of 
providing a first-lass service under pressure. Salary 
and prospects are excellent r 

Please write with full CV to Bird & Bird, 2 Gray’s Inn 
Square, London WC1R 5AF. Ref: 19/22. 




r 


if I 

Mgs 




1 


Solicitor 


. . . international commercial advisory role 
fattractive+car Aylesbury, Bucks 

are a major exporter of cigarettes and. following a recent re-organisation, 
now have a challenging opportunity for a Solicitor to join our Legal Services 
Department. 

Reporting to the Senior Solicitor, yon will provide professional advice to divisional 
management on the company's business activities both within the United Kingdom 
and overseas. This will involve extensive overseas travel. 

In your midflaie twenties with a good degree, you should have at least 2 years’ 
post-admission experience in 3 commercial or industrial organisation. To meet the 
challenges of this role, you will need a sound" knowledge of commeraal/company 
jaw. excellent communication skills and the abiliry to wort effectively in a fist 
moving commercial environment. Foreign languages would be an advan tage . 

In addition to an attractive salary, dependent on ability and experience, our 
excellent benefits package includes private medical insurance schme and 
assistance with relocation expenses where appropriate. I j 

Please write with full personal career and salary details to Mr. R.T. Kni pM jl 
Personnel Operations Manager, Rothmans Exports Limited, Oxford Road, I 
. Aylesbury, Burts HP21 8SZ. Ji 


YOUNG 




A. Bilbrongh & Co. Limited, Managers of The London 
Steam Ship Owners' Mutual Insurance Association 
Limited, a leading P. & I. Club seek a young lawyer with 
experience of shipping litigation, including shipowners' 
liability claims and charterparty disputes, who wishes 
to specialise in this field. 

We are looking for someone of drive and ambition with 
the ability to handle and supervise such litigation. 

We have offices in Hong Kong and Greece and would 
prefer someone who would be prepared to serve a term 
abroad in due course. 



THElONDON 


Please write with full details of your career to: 

M.G. Edmiston, A. Bilbrough & Go. Limited, 17 Crosswall, 
London £C3N 2AT, 


Alexander Farr & Son 


Head of Probate / Tax Planning 

£18,500 +car 

We ore old established, but forward thinking. Our business is 
broadly based, and growing. We are located in pleasant 
Bedfordshire/Cambridgeshire, but only 45minutes from 
London. We want to expand our probate/capita! tax 
department. 

We need someone with: 

* the ambition to become a Partner. 

* the ability to deal with commercial and agricultural clients, 
it the drive and flair to make a positive contribution. 

* a good knowledge of taxation. 


If our needs match up to your expectations ring, or write to: 

. Anthony Abrahams (0234) 328455 

V' . Alexander Farr-& Son 
. . -9 St Pools Square Bedford MK40 1SN 



join our Banking Group. • 

The successful apphcant would form part of a growing 
team specialising in a wide range of commercial and 
investment banking work, dealing with secured and 
unsecured tending, issues of eommerd^ paper and 
other debt securities, and all aspects of international 
and domestic banking. ' • 

The rewards both professionally and financtefly sre 
very attractive. 

If you would like to find put morEL please write sending 
a complete CV to Michael Charteris-Black, 14 Dominion 
Street London EC2M 2RJ. 


WOLVERHAMPTON M AGIST RATES 
COURTS’ COMMITTEE 
APPOINTMENT OF PROFESSIONAL 
TRAINEE COURT CLERK 

SALARY - £6,753 to £9,240 

AopHcaUom are Invited lor die above post from paeon* wfio wbti to train for a profes- 
sional career in tbe Maturates* Courts Savtce.-TM appointment win provide an 
opportunity for the successful applicant to gain experience tn an aspects of me work of a 
busy Magistrates' Cout whilst being trained as a Court Ork. 

Applicants should he etmo- BaiTlsters or Solicitors. aBhoogh previous experience is nc* 
essential- Persons taking Rnak In May 1986 wffl also be considered. 

Wolverh am pton Is situated on die western Mage of (he County at (he West Midlands 
within easy reach of toe attractive Combes of Staffordshire and Shropshire- The depart- 
ment enjoys die (acuities of an exceOeni modem Court complex In the centre or town. 
Advancement wttbla toe salary scale Usfed above is dependant upon the trainee's wogreae 
and the level of responsibly undertaken. 

The pos* is saMeef to National Gondfdons of Service and die suocevftd candfcfete who 
snows the necessary aptitude may expect to be advanced to an eit a hlHh ed Court Cter* 
post. suMect to a suitable vacancy uc c utin g with a co mmenchw salary of £11.361 p . 
annum within a period of 22 to 18 months. 

Applications marked “Confidential - Appointment of Professional Trainee’ enc l osing a 
detailed cu» rigi d uio vwac and the names and add remti at two referees should roach me 
not later than 9th April. 1986. 

C.R. Sejrcwoor 
Clerfc to the Committee 

The Law Courts, 

North Street, 

Wolverhampton, 

WVX IRA. 


S.W. London ^18,(^ + GaF 

Our ri fon t is a sMbaantial pa rtners hi p wiffipffices inScuth W^lxaidort and 
Lincoln’s Inn. There are 10 partners and 70 exnpkve^. Gantmued't^^xy- 
merit and expansion has created the. need for a.solfotlnr vfowM take 
responsibility for tbe oonveyancixig department in .tbe main location. Tbe 
business is well established but there is scope for Anther devdopneor by an 
inc reased marketing effort and continuing -the high quality -of work to 
rnaintainicsemrial^reputation. .... .. .• • 

Tbe successful candidate mist be professionally and commercially sound 
with personal qualities to match those of this successful partnership. 

Given success, there will be a real opportunity mthefixture to.be asked to join 
this youthful practice under an advantageous partnership agreement. ...- 
For someone moving to this area a flat may wdl be made.avaiiable. . 

Apply in writing, quoting reference 21 30.. to Mr. Geafirey Forester, 
Corporate Resourcing Group. 6 Westminster Palace Gardens, ArtiOety Row, 
London SW1P JRL, or telephone 01-222 5555 far an appUcaGoa form. 


Management Consultants* Exedttive Seairch 

Part of Berndtson International ■ 

BRUSSELS ■ COPENHAGEN - FRANKFURT ■ GENEVA - LONDON - MADRID • MILW NEW YORK - PARIS 



COMMERCIAL AW) LEGAL ADVISOR 

This vacancy in me Heating and VenfflaOng Contra ct or s ’ Amodahon would suit a 
legacy cua HfleO Person waft a oom m erci a l outlook. 

HVCA Is the recognteed trade and emptayets* amodatton for the heating. \enmaUng. 
alr<on<mionta>g and refrtgetatxm contncttng Industry repnaranltog over i joo member 
arms. 

The successful appttcanl wtn be invohrad m advlstng members on a wide reng« of toM 
and commerce maaers; protect work of s legat/coannatial nature: acting as Secre- 
tary to CWTOTuneer. ledurutg on contract law courses. 

Although some experience Is desirable, recently goaOfled lawyers may apply, a b 
essential that appbcanb have a ntgtt degree or oral and written presoKanon. the ability 
to deal wta» people at a senior level and are capable of working on mar own iputaove 

Salary b negotiable. Fringe MmiHs indarie private bestt I n surance, annoai season 
ticket loan, coombuury penston schene and Luncheon Vouchers. 

Am&aaofB with foD cv stxxdd be addressed IN 00NFH3ENCE to: 

M. s. Had Esq- 

Head of C o mm er cial A Legal De pa r tm e n t. 

Heating and Ventilating Oontractora’ Association, 

ESCA House. 

30, Palace Court. 

Bayswaiw. lcb^don W 2 ojcl 


JOHNSWOOD FARRER 

Personnel Consultants' 
Soecialists in Recruitment 
for the Leqal -Profession 


An old established Fimt of Solicitors with offices 
m Bedfor shire and Cambridgeshire are looking 
lor a Solicitor of al least 3 /ears Post Admittance 

□ experience of Tax Wanning, Trust and Probate 
matters, to deal with and develop these areas of 
work among a substantial clientele. 

_ He/she will take responsibly for the Department _ 

□ and will take the initiative in expanding the Finn's H 
Practice in Tax Planning for CTT/inheritance Tax ~ 
as wefl as being responsible for the Trust and 
Probate work. 

There are early prospects of Partnership and an g 
excellent opportunity to build a career in a pleas- 
ant and accessible part of the Country. 
ATTRACTIVE SALARY PACKAGE INCLUDING 
CAR. 

Michael Fafrei* 

JOHNSWOOD FARRER 
26-29 St Cross Street 
Hatton Garden, EC1N 8HH 
Near Chancery Lane and Farringdon Under- 
ground. Telephone; 01-242 1140. (24 hour 
Answering Service). 


Baker & M 9 Kejvzie 

HONG KONG 

LITIGATION SOLICITORS 

Baker & MPKen zie, Hong Kong, have vacancies for experienced 
litigation solicitors to work in their established li tigation department. 
Successful applicants will have had at least three years’ post- 
qualification experience, preferably but npt necessarily in the litigation 
department of a City firm. They will be expected to be able to work as 
part of a team handling substantial commercial litigation, and also to be 
able to handle clients’ affairs with nririirnum supervision. 


this stimulating and exciting environment. : . . 

Interviews will be held in London. . • ■ 

Applications in writing with foil cnrricultun vitae 
shonld be sent to Mr. Blair Wallace,- 
Partnership Secretary, Baker & M9Kenzie, 
Aldwycb House, Aldwych, London WC2B 4JP. 












±! 



Second 

jtaliamentary Counsel 


ob the EngMah w piww 


tbe legal system of 




. to zeqszDQ tegfolatrae action. 


t cm 'mattecs likely 


in i. r — t~-~* — ,~ r ~ “ ** ■ Barrister and Solicitor 

I^galPracmionera Act for a mnurmna of 5ro yearn 
FiHfait-uc e will be ghren to carvftriates whose pw-yfrutgiana) 

bag rnm^iamihBSeMeflenaartiodraftinabmroi^ Steation 

may alio b e girou tDthwaTO attMrfis aagw fenw in 

®“w®jw*ang Jaw and practice. 

ia at c^toct to tte Gowennnenl o£I^ fisr a 
so i i ptem wif. payabte^ODA,inthe 


E ”*““9® sate a* at 4th Febnary 1966 - £1 tfg.-F$L92S& 

.staling post 



5j«|OVER^AS 
SEE! DEVELOPMENT 

Britain helping nations to help t hemsel ves 


COMPANY SECRETARY/ 
ASSISTANT 
GROUP SECRETARY 


Midlands 


c£l5,000 + car 


A Company Secretary/ Assistant Group Secretary is required by a 
substantial British PLC with interests centred on the construction 
industry, both in the U.K. and overseas. . 

Hie person appointed will be Company Secretary to certain important 
subsidiaries, while at the same ttnwactingas Dquity to the Group 
Company Secretary. Responsibility wiH be ior tbe full range of 
company secretarial duties,- -with particular emphasis on the control 
and -agreement of- contract conditions. 

Candidates must be qualified barristers or sotrtftors. and must have 
industrial experience. Obviously real strength in contract law is 
essential. Practical experience in the negotiation of contractual 
agreements and commercial matters would be a raqjor advantage. 

Salary is negotiable, based on £15,000, plus car and the usual benefits 
expected of a successful group. . - 

Please write with full career details to: 

Vincent Lyddieth 

PERSONNEL 

. .. SELECTIOK ' • . . . 

' Personnel Selection Umftied, 

46 Proxy La n e. Solihull, West Midlands B91 3BJ 
Teltpbone: 021-705 7399 


Compliance Executive 

LEADING UK STOCKBROKER 

A leading UK stockbroker, now the subsidiary of a major 
international bank, wishes to appoint a qualified banister or 
solicitor to work in a key role in its Compliance function. 
Reporting to the Senior Director in charge of Compliance and 
staff matters, responsibilities will include: 

- interpreting legal aspects of regulatory matters; 

- establishing monitoring systems for front and back office 
areas; 

- advising the Executive Board on all legal questions; 

- assisting the Chief Executive. 

The firm is committed to the highest professional standards. 
It seeks a lawyer of outstanding energy and ability to address 
these vital tasks positively and creatively. Ideal age is 27 to 32. 
Compensation includes base salary, bonus and significant 
fringe benefits. Opportunities for further career develop- 
ments with the firm are excellent . 

Please reply in confidence to Box T/968, 

St James's House. 4/7 Red Lion Court, Fleet Street, 
London EC4A 3EB. . ' 


LEWIS SILKIN 
CONVEYANCING SOLICITOR 

Lewis Silkin require an able and energetic Assistant 
Solicitor to handle, with a minimum of supervision, a heavy 
of varied and interesting residential and 
commercial conveyancing. Candidates should have been 
qualified for at least one year and must demonstrate both 
an outgoing and friendly personality and a compatibility 
with computerised systems. 

A competitive salary will be offered based on experience. 
Please send full curriculum vitae, in confidence, to: 

Bef M.X. 

Lewis Silkin 
83-91 Victoria Street 

Westminster • 

London SWIH OHW 


BUCKINGHAMSHIRE MAGISTRATES’ COURTS COMMITTEE 

An ^^^Ooooxtunitv Emr‘ 

Mflton -Keynes Petty Sessional Division 
Salaty: OC/PAD (Pts 1-10 £8,178 - £11,361 p.a.) 


aSSS removal expenses witt be part hi approved crere. 

Crnafr M A^toiy. HPZO 1«A. 

Cte*taB«tata:7Bi Apxfl, . 


APPOINTMENTS 


■olKgc*-. 

writing 


UUKJM wfln S«**C* HX™ w 

UmumHU K artt rjfc * ** 
1«M»B 

S3^v^°o«SSSS 

JRU3AV- 


CQHVEYAMCC* tncludiM nWBf 

’Timmrrral “tfj-WIB t«»nv 
town firm £’.CUX» ««*£ 
hwc» CoofruIt*w“ 

.as isa. . - - - 

COMVrrMWG North lecvooo- 
Map r EISJJOO+. MtMnn 

. seon 01-685 0068 


1XSAL CUC £1 1,000 Croydon 
IIXX. tWHml iiwry mMn- 
rarr. armirv to newbat* Will 

Srt pany KKtral trap Aoy *06 
aeei. 

LEGAL EX E CU TIVE rm*vex» 
twnnmm Mil SOW ««mJ 
pramc*. KxrtfMmtfOTi ZiO.&X 
...roouct wnw • CoMUtam* 
W6 2filUl. . 


CAYMAN ISLANDS 

MAPLES AND C ALDER 

We are looking lor a solicitor to become associated 
with our well established and rapidly expanding 
international practice. 

We anticipate that the successful applicant win 
have a first class honours degree from a 
recognised university and a minimum of two years 
post-qualtficaUon experience witn leading City 
firm- The position is demanding. It will Involve 
advising on an aspects of corporate, commercial 
and related legal matters and may also involve 
advising In relation to private trusts. 

The starting salary will be negotiable. A minimum 
or pounds 37.500 per annum may be expected and 
thereafter substantial annual reviews based on 
performance. Prospects are excellent. 

There are no personal taxes in the Cayman islands 
and living conditions are very attractive. 

AO applications should be In writing with a curric- 
ulum vitae and passport steed photgraph addressed 
to Anthony Travers. Maples and Caider. P.O. Box 
309. Grand Cayman. Cayman Islands. British 
West ladies. Interviews will be held in London. 


KINGSTON UPON THAMES 
MAGISTRATES' COURT 

Appointment of Trainee Court Clerk 
(£3.384 - £6,753 phis LW £693) 

Applications are invited for the above position On 
particular from Law Graduates. Solicitors and 
Barristers) which offers an interesting career in 
the Magistrate's Courts* Service. 

Starting Points wtl be 

(a) Graduates £6.328 +LWA 

Cb) Qualified Lawyer £ 6£49 +LWA 

The post is superannuate and subject to 
Conditions of Service. It is exempt from the Ring- 
Fencing procedure. 

Application forms can be obtained by ringing 
01 546 5603 CMiss Brown). - 
Completed forms must be returned by 14m April 
1986 


PARTNER DESIGNATE 

A challenging position exists for a qualified solicitor with a 
strong personality and c har acter to jom a small but rapidly 
expanding firm m Hyde Park. 

The position will involve working dotdy with the Senior 
Parmer io develop the highly select clientele which win lead 
within three months to an invitation (o join the partnership. 

The successful applicant shook! have a good cotutncn M 
background and a working, knowledge of cooveyandnf prac- 
tice although emphasis will be placed on communication 
<ltilh- The Practice operates from it's own im pre ssive build- 
ing with good technical support and coosuktaoon may be 
given to a person wishing to develop his own connections. 

Please apply with Full CV or telephone in the firs instance 
to: 

Niro ft Company 
49 Queens Gardens 
Hyde Park 
London W2 3AA. 

Tel: 01-402 3453. 


LEICESTERSHIRE MAGISTRATES’ 
COURTS COMMITTEE 
TWO TRAINEE COURT CLERK POSTS 
LEICESTER CITY DIVISION AND 
LOUGHBOROUGH, HELTON A BELVOR AND 
RUTLAND DmUOH 

Applications are Inviled ror the above posts from taw arad- 
tuteswiia nave MsaMfaO. or the greater part of. the Bar or 
Law Society's imai examinations and who are Interested m 
a career In the magisterial service. 

Articles of Clerkship, if appro p r ia te, will be o ff ered in the 
Leicester City Division. 

Commencing salary wui be within the range £3384 to 
£6.753 per annum (for a person who has passed the final 
examination this will be £&549J fthe salaty range is pres- 
ently under reviewj. 

Applications stating age. qualifications and experience and 
the names and addresses of two referees should be sent to 
the Qerk io the Comtmnce. P.O. Box I. Town Had- Leices- 
ter. LEl 9BE. in an envelope marked Trainee - by the 9th 
April. 1986. 


COULD YOU STAND THE 
P.A.C.E. 

IN NORTH LINCOLNSHIRE? 

SOLICITOR 

Requited by long established and expanding practice - 
suit 0-2 years qualified with good all round experience - 
initially for general work but with penchant for 
advocacy and aptitude to star in developing and 
expanding crime/btigation/matriinonial department. 
The vanriy and volume of work are such that 
versatility, personable dispostion and a sense of 
humour are essential Competitive salary 
commensurate with ability: annual bonus and other 
benefits together with genuine early partnership 
prospects will noi disappoint the successful applicant. 
All replies treated in strictest confidence. 

Please write with foil CV to Box E45L 


Tax Planning/Probate Lawyer 

READING 

Attractive Remuneration Package + Car 

We are Bram & Brain, one of me longesl established 
practices m the Thames vaiiev. with offices ai 
Reading. Basingstoke and Swindon. 

Wte require a surtax qualified lawyer with parental, fo 
head up and develop an existing busy probate and 
' tax planning department. This ts a cnaHengng new 
position and otters considerable Potential to the 
successful candidate wno snould have m-depth lax 
planning expenence and a detailed knowledge of 
probate work. Please contact David Gregory at 



Brain & Brain, 

Solicitors," 


73 London Street. 
Reading RGi *06 
Tel: 0734 581441 


NEWLY QUALIFIED SOLICITOR 
NORTH WEST LONDON 

Friendly office of busy general firm looking fin- 
able litigator to join them. Would consider ap- 
plicant about to qualify. Good long term 
prospects and generous rewards for the right 
applicant. 

Contact 

Wafford ft Co. 

Roger BaffivaBt an 01-452 6644 


NATIONAL NEWSPAPER 

Lawyer required to join legal team. Working 
knowledge of libel and contempt of court 
would be an advantage. Written 
applications witti full CV to: 

Jeremy Deecfes, 

Today, 

70 VauxhaQ Bridge Road, 

. London SW1 2RP 


LOCUM* AS* LAW me tenon 
spenanMS wetc*** romwHent 
Itmm to Bin its Countrywide 
Servtee sam/ara « Lepp* 
twn A Ovnwtl tolf*. 1«* Ml. 
A rmv. Shun * long smo 
toouiKb f ns nnnaM' ASA 
LAW til 2«» 1139 
OMf .CO MMIJl OAL Bourn* 
mouth. Horsnam. Portsmouth, 
Ban min. CKI^Ir IWwiy otuU- 
tto-d W ( Wnmcwl Sots To 
LlUXXl * pstnp pronwrtB. 
Mtndilh Stott 01 683 0065 


uomoui muw unc*- 
TtOM SOUCtTMt RWK by 
wi p r a ctKT. tarty oartiKmap 
£ 20.000 * nrgctutue ogee 
76002a 


aOURMDNOVTH. PMBATE. 

Trust Tan Asaottni for maior 
vraroee. e £12000 * a inner- 
smp Browns. MnroUtn Scoa 
01-683 0066. 




Lawyers 

. . . advance your career with 
Britain's leading oil company. 

CENTRAL LONDON 

BP Oil Limited is a major operating company within the BP Group, 
responsible for the manufacture and marketing of a wide range of oil 
products. 

The Legal and Secretarial Division, presently based at BP Oil’s 
headquarters in Central London, provides a comprehensive range of legal 
services to the company. We now seek to further strengthen this highly 
professional team by appointing two experienced solicitors to the 
following posts. .. 

Senior Commercial 
Conveyancing Solicitor 

Reporting to the head of the conveyancing department, you will be fully involved in 
an unusually wide range of conveyancing work. The company has extensive 
property interests throughout the UK and you will be dealing with a high volume of 
transactions, many of which will be of a substantial and complex nature. For this 
reason, ure feel it is unlikely that anyone with less than ten years* experience since 
admission will have the depth of knowledge required for this post. 

Commercial Solicitor 

You will be concerned principally with drawing up detailed technical and 
commercial documents, and will have considerable involvement in the drafting 
and negotiation of a variety of commercial sales agreements, building and 
purchase contracts. The position, which reports directly to the head of the 
commercial department, calls for at least three years* post-qualification 
experience and. ideally, some knowledge of current environmental and industrial 
relations legislation. 

We are looking only for talented, high calibre lawyers and are willing to pay 
accordingly. In addition, we offer an attractive non-contributory package of 
benefits which is of the level expected from Britain's leading oil company and 
includes relocation assistance, where appropriate. 

Good opportunities exist for further career progression, both within the company 
and the wider BP Group. 

To apply, please write with fell career details to: The Recruitment Branch. BP Oil 
Limited. BP House. Victoria Street. London SW1E 5NJ. Alternatively ring 
01-821 2961 for an application form. 

BP is an equal opportunity employer. 


% 


V 


ftp BP Oil 


J 


//: 


LECTURERS 
IN LAW 


Applications are 
invited for two 
additional lectureships 
in the School of Law, 
horn 1st July 1986. 
or by arrangement 

Starting salary in the 
range £8.000 to 
£16,00aUSS. 

Closing date Jor 
applications: 

4th April 1986. 

Further particulars 
from The Registrar. 
The University of 
Buckingham. 
Buckingham 
MKI8 IEG. 


.The 


- J 


SOUTH DEVON 

Well established firm wttti 
buy general practice fe- 
atures young enthusiastic 
Assistant Softener, or one 
awaiting admission, tor 
mainly Probate. Litigation 
and some conveyancing 
wore. Please apply In win- 
ing with mu cv to scon 
Richards & Co- Queen's 
Chambers. Tetgnmouth. 
Devon. TQt4 BHJ 


SHIPPING 

SOLICITORS 

Coward Chance are looking for lawyers of high 
ability who wish to specialise in contentious 
shipping work. 

If you wish to join a strong and enthusiastic team , 
have good academic qualifications and practical 
experience of charterparty/ bill of lading 
disputes or casualty work, we should be very 
interested to hear from you. 

The firm has a number of offices overseas and 
there are opportunities for working abroad. 

Please write with details of your career to 
Mrs. Delia Pegg 


Coward Chance 


Coward Chance. Roy ex House , 
Aldermanbury Square . London, EC2V 7LD. 


INTERNATIONAL LAW FIRM 

Established IVew York based international 
law firm with tax and commercial practice 
seeks Barrister/SoJicttor, 3-5 years experi- 
ence, for London representative office. 
Salary commensurate with experience. 

Apply in confidence to: 

Bor D58, The Times, PO Box 484, 
Virginia Street, London. El 9DD. 


BIRMINGHAM 
CITY SOLICITORS 

Require Sollcitor/Legal Executive for expanding 
common law practice. Apply: 

Anthony Coffins ft Co, 

22 Cherry Street, 

Birmingham B2 5 A R. 

Ref PB. 


ST MAWES 

Do you dream of bring able io live in this beautiful part 
of Com wall AND earn a living here? It could become a 
reality if you are recently qualified, with experience ip 
conveyancing and probate: and web to join a busy 
expending seaside practice. Ring Richard Sharp: 
0326 270291 


HILL BAILEY 
& PARTNERS 

Urgently require Conveyancers for their 
Reading office 

Contact Paul Beresford Reading 54608 


LEGAL EXECUTIVE 


Wc ire looking fee a Lqal Executive »uh ai least two years experi- 
ence in general Uugaikm with particular emphasis oo Landlord and 
Tenant Litigation. 

Applicants should be hardworking and able to handle a substantial 
caseload. Salary Negotiable. 

Write whh c.v. nv- 

C E S Monro Esq 
Grange woods 
1 Harley Street 
LONDON 
W1A 4DG 


GIRLS’ PUBLIC DAY SCHOOL TRUST 
LEGAL ADVISER 
(PART-TIME) 

An experienced solicitor or barrister Is required to advise The 
Trust’s Council and Officers and the schools on a wide vari- 
ety of mailers affecting both the policy of me Trust and the 
daily work of the schools. 

As the post Is part-Urne and working hours win be arranged 
to suit both parties, it may be attractive to someone recently 
retired or unable to work fun-time because of family 
roRimltments. 

Salary would be pro raiaon Uy Civil Service Legal Officers 
Scale (aooroumaiely £13 16.OOO1 

Pte*e write or telephone for fuH details of the appointment 
to The Secretary. CPDST. 26 Queen Anne’s Cue. London. 
SWlH 9 AN <01-222-95961 


BRISTOL 

Young medium sized firm 
requires Solicitor with 
good all round experience 
for mixture of litigation, 
commercial and some 
conveyancing. A lew 
years Qualified experience 
required. 

TcL Jebn LMlty 

172 7JSSSI tmt 7VCI67. 


PERSONAL 

INJURIES 

LITIGATION 

Greenwoods Of 20 Bed 
toed Square. WC1B 5HL- 
an> looking for a soda ror 
experienced In pnwul 
inmries Uigaaon for in- 
surers. Please write in 
ctJWKJrw to Tom Parous 


ADVOCATE 

General Procure requires 
amoiltoui advocate lor 
crime oepartioeni. 

Remuneration 
geared 10 acturvemcnl and 
gooa partnership prospects. 
Wnle with full c v. Io 
SW COOK 

GirrtN COL'CH « ARCHER 
20 DC I— ST ABLE ROAD 
lctiom sens lui idy 


KINGSTON IVON T 
SOLICITOR 

u eh j *csr or m 
aJmiwai npimet » 

.null hot h.eh reset if 

luirjt id dhisrr PI tun 

and crime Ample 
nppUTdnilia EvnJIrW 
oiip prinren* nidi I 
ttTMH 

B J ntVDOt 
* Ceoir Scrrri 
KaCum qua Thames . 












Mom oilwr advertise- 

ments can be accepted by 
telephone. The deadhfrt « 

S 00 pm 2 day* prior mpoHica* 
lion in S.OQpm Monday far 
Wednesday). Shod* yon w* 
to raid an «d*utiiecne*u i» 
anting plane include yowAy- 
timc p hone n a mber- _ I 
CUSTOMEK MCMCES OC- 
PAHTMOfT. iryoa have any 
quoiov i nu tl tm i idiiwi to 
your advennoacM once d h» 
appeared, piece mean oor 
Cusookt Senrim Departineni 
by telephone on 
481 4IB0 rvJ 4372/3 14/S 


PUBLIC NOTICES 


MORTCY i BUILDERS MER 
CHANTS' Limited 
NOTKX » HEREBY GIVEN P£- 
want lo wtwn 680 w ** 
Gomwmm *rt. l*SJ IBW ' 
MEETING O* 

MORFE'r iBAflLPCBS MEH- 
CHANTS' ElmHed wui be JmWj* 
FAIRFAX MOUSE. 

PLACE. LONDON WCIV 60 V* 
on Wedreeday Wie N W'h fl jy iot 
April 1086* ll.OQoTtor* mine 
fore noon. Mr lire 
vidrd ice m SrrUora 688 BBS ana 
5*3 qI It* uM Art. 
bum aw 2 IM dor or 

wiinrea 

MD Wime rCA. 
dunned Arrauntonl .. 

W order of lire Boart 


LOST near BnuwtoMi: Cure 
1 Wir»-Hair«l TiW Hound Air 
wm to «««ne n 1 
not approach if you ar* • Softy- 
BOX NO EM - 


IXLCCT W M W 0 * wcHBWfW 
58 Maddoa Sireei. Loretan Wl 

Teteonone «i«J 7 
P»|«W en prolewMMunv 
vmllrn mod pnwutrd 
mr imiuw i *ivae dociunmt^ 
OeUHa 01-680 2999 
■KnDlier, Lovr or MaiTtBqe. 
An ma arvaa CMenne. Devi 
■QI6I 23 A U Wipdo n Rort. Loir 
dear W8. Tec 01938 toil. 


LEGAL SERVICES 


WANTED 


FOR SALE 


RESISTA CARPETS 
SPECIAL OFFERS 

WKanden OorfcofAasI 

Tilers. dc*gn natural «w 
C8.9S per m vd + vat- 
Wool mu Beetwe carpets 
dm wide Hessian backed 

CA 35 P«r SO Pd + VAT. 

While slock* last- 
548 Fulham Rood. 
Parsons Green. , SW8 

Tel: 01-73* 7551 

Free estimate - Expen ntwre 




Together we can beat U- 

ttb fund over one third of 
i\\ research into the preven- 
tion and cure ol cancer in 
ihe UK- 

Help us b> sending a dona- 
tion or nute a legacy 10 

Cancer \j\ 
Research VI 
Campaign 

H-MM Ti-rrjir. 

ifi-fi n> 3 */ 3 i l •» sap 


GENE RAL 

AUOO 200 fad I meet ion a door 
uioon mrulllr «wAnj hn- 
mandate etmHUon JCTOOOwre 
Ph Ol 600 3961 net 204 Mr D 
Mortimer 


thfTTMPS TUESDAY M ARCH 25 1986 

general appointments 


Engineers wanted in - 
Port Pirie, South Australia 

RHAS ooerates the largest Lead Smelting and Refining complex in the 

■s aa feaMSsag 

SaonaTy cfmpetitoefsitlon. At present, the BHaI workforce 

, "“SS of ^people and Is situated onto Baton side 
of Spencer Gulf, virtually in the shadows of the magnificent Flinders 

^rfedty is finked by raQ and road to Adelaide (die Site's capital city) 
and is the southern point of a great industrial “tnangle completed by 
Whyalla and Port Augusta. 

electrical projects engineer 

The oosition will be part of an Electrical/Instrument support team 

- 

broadening of tne scope of duties can be ejqsected m time. 

AoSts should nave tertiary qu^fflofions iinpMUr to 


ST GEORGE'S SQUARE* SW1 

Superb 1st nr Rai overhx*fa>9 Wr^- 

ty garden sauare. tPeoanl a rawtng 
room with balcony. dWe nedn**- 
bathim. nd kit. AvaBabte 
year. Company let only. £200 per 

■mmIp 

wcevi 

PIMLICO OFFICE: 

01-834 9998 


, WKB ^otwWWJ|s»e<l 

- Futtfttenagenw"* Setwx 



.Pfl f i!38!S^^2 ,9h 

7 computer tanked Graces 


UJNDOK, W10 

tracilvet>«iodl» kUcfeeP- 

S££ si ~~ 

« orn S^w» FF,CE ' 


distribution, solid state industrial controls, inausmai 
programming, process control, instrumentation or project co-ordlna 

- is essential 

mechanical projects engineer 

tVi*> mvdtion will be part of a mechanical support te^gwlcb^ an^ 


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TOE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1 986 


SPORT 


29 


* 








RACING; PIP E’S IMPROVING GELDING SHOULD GAIN FOURTH SUCCESSIVE VICTORY 

Lower to ride high on Silver Ace Peatswood 

** Shooter 

hits bull for 


Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

• Following emphatic vic- 
tories at Market Rasen and 
Plurapton earlier this month. 
Silwar Ace looks a good bet to 
wm the- Downs Conditional 
Jockeys' Handicap Chase at 
Sandown Park today and he is 
my nap. 

^ While a u>nceding that 
Sandown is anything but an 
easy test for a relatively inex- 
perienced rider. Silver Ace is 
clearly-a good ride. When be 

was successful by 25 lengths at 
Market Rasen earlier, this 
month; Martin Pipe’s 
geldmgwon a race similar to 
today's. More recently he won 
another restricted to amateurs 
at Phimpton almost as easily, 
although. the winning «pat ym 
was onlyeigbt lengths.- At no 

stage was he in any danger that 

day. - 

This explains why his tal- 
ented owner-trainer went to 
5,000 guineas to retain 
K y- himafterhebad wonasdlerat 
Wincanton in January by 30 
lengths. Among the opposing 
riders today. Michael Bosley, 
Guy Landau and. Oive Cox 
are all up and co min g young 
men, but I feel that it win be 
Jonoihan Lower who win be 
able to call the tune on Silver 
Ace, who is improving and, 
every bit as important, still at 
the right end Of the hanriirap 

- Later , ip the day. Special 
Cargo, ihc Queen Mother’s 
great Sandown specialist, win 
be out to win the Alanbrooke 
Memorial Handicap Chase 
again and so improve his 
already remarkable record on 
the course, which now extends 
to one victory over hurdles 
and seven chases. . 

Earlier this month Special 
Cargo’s third successive vic- 
tory in the Grand Military 
Gold Cup was achieved even 
though Gerald Oxley, his rider 
on that occasion, had to do 
without stirrups over the last 
three jumps after a leather had 
broken on landing over the. 
last of the three railway fences. 
Today Kevin Mooney, who 
was .aboard Special Cargo 
when they gained that equally 
remarkable victory in the 
Whitbread Gold Cap two 
seasons ago, takes over again. 

Well, though Special Cargo 
should go now that he is back 
on his happy hunting ground, 
I cannot escape the feeung that 
he faces an uphill struggle 



Silver Ace and Jonathan Lower on then’ way to an easy victory at Market Rasen 


against Western Sunset, Catch 
Phrase and 1 Haven talight, 
who all ran conspicuously well 
at Cheltenham recently; West- 
ern Sunset by finishing third 
to Half Free and The Mighty 
Mac in the Cathcart Challenge 
Cup, Catch Phrase and 1 
Havenialight when they fin- 
ished second and third to 
Charter Party in the Ritz Chib 
National Hunt Trophy. 

I just prefer Western Sun- 
set, whose trainer, Tim For- 
ster, hit form with a vengeance 
at Newbury last Friday when 
tie saddled-four winners. 

OurF^whoalsoac^nit- 
ted himself weU ; during the 
Festival -when be finished 
fourth to Buck Hpa.se; Very 
Promising and Kathies Lad in . 
the Queen Mother Champion 
Chase, looks the one to be on 
for the Royal Ordnance 
Handicap Chase carrying only 


list 41b. The redoubtable 
Forster is fielding both Left 
Bank and Lefrak City, who are 
both useful at their best, as is 
Hazy Sunset, who may well 
relish this distance after ap- 
parently being outstayed by 
Roadster in his last race at 
Kempton. 

Clara Mountain, another 
fended runner from Forster’s 
in-form Letcombfr Bassett sta- 
ble, tackles Desert Orchid in 
the British Aerospace Rapier 
Novices’ Chase; Never at his 
best when going- left-handed. 
Desert .Orchid did- much : bei- 
ter than usual at Cheltenham 
when he finished third in the 
Arkle Challenge -Trophy. 
Now, back on a right-hand 
course again, he should prove 
capable of regaining the win- 
ning trail. 

The Royal Artillery Gold 


Cup ought to be won by 
PrydeL just so Jong as his 
recent good ran against Spe- 
cial Cargo was not a fluke. 
Royal Judgment is surely the 
one they auhave to beat in the 
RMC Group Ubique Open 
Hunters' Chase. 

At Leicester, the Grey- 
hound Handicap Slakes may 
be won by Balgownie, the 20-1 
winner of an apprentices' race 
at Doncaster on the opening 
day of the new Flat season last 
Thursday. Jade MulhaU's 
mare has escaped being penal- 
. ized and still has the beating of 
Lovely Butterfly. 

- -Amber Clown, runner up to 
Rove in the Batlhyany Stakes 
on the same afternoon, can 
cash in on his fitness and go 
one better in the Butler Handi- 
cap Stakes. * 


Brittain 

Mel Brittain saddled 
Peatswood Shooter to lead all 
the way in the Knighton Maiden 
Auction Stakes at Leicester yes- 
terday and main tain his spar- 
kling start to the new Flat 
season. Brittain has had a 
winner on each of the first four 
days and three of them have 
been juveniles. “It’s a marvel- 
lous start, but we may be 
running out now — we’ll have to 
see", the WarihiU (Yorkshire) 
trainer said. 

Brittain paid only 2,000 guin- 
eas for Peatswood Shooter at 
Newmarket, but this is still 500 
guineas more than he paid for 
bis Brocklesby winner. 
Bluemede. Kevin Dariey got a 
good start on Peatswood 
Shooter and had the 7-2 shot in 
from from the start. 

Derek Brown, the 24-year-old 
LiverpooLborn jockey, made a 
winning start on his first mount 
for the third season running 
when The Wooden Hot landed 
the Kingsnorth Handicap at 
gale-swept Folkestone. Brown, 
who came into racing when be 
was 16, said: “In 1984 my first 
mount won at Brighton and in 
1985 I bad my first ride at 
Folkestone and won for my 
boss, David Elsworth, on 
SoneOano". 

Brown lost his riding allow- 
ance last June and has now 
ridden 1 1 winners. Rufus 
Voorspuy. the trainer of The 
Wooden Here, sakt “Brown rode 
a very sensible, patient race on 
ray colL This has given me a 
good start to the new season. 1 
Had one Flat winner last year at 
Salisbury and this ray first 
success at Folkestone since I had 
a 100-1 winner, Duke William, 
over jumps three seasons ago 
and then lost the race in the 
stewards' room". 

Also making winning starts to 
the new Flat season with their 
first runners were Richard 
Hannon and Willie Musson. 
Hannon sent out Mister Colin 
to land the Headcorn Stakes for 
the third year running. Lee 
Jones, who won the race 12 
months ago on Dons Chorus, 
partnered Mister Colin, who 
drew dear to beat Lady Pat by 
:lengths. 

i aim on said: “My horses are 
backward like everyone eise’s 
because of the weather, 

French connection 

Maktoum A1 Maktoum is to 
sponsor the French 2,000 and 
1.000 Guineas for at least the 
next three years. This season's 
races at Longchamp will be held 
(Mi April 27 and May 4. 
respectively. 


eight i 

Hai 


LEICESTER 


Gotog: soft 
Draw: Sf-64,km numbers best 


2.15 KEttHORPE MAIDEN STAKES (Drv .1 :>Y-ft Eljtti: 7») (12 
runners) r.^.- « 


Leicester results 


1 

5 

6 
9 
12 
13 
20 
21 
22 

23 

24 
28 


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00- COUNTRY CHAfT (Bflltth TtorotJ ^ibn^ QBB^ Ml 

0- MAMMA HLATAJD Gapnian) D Chapman 8-11 

0- m SStWAO Y £J MBJW1 
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. Pal Eddery 9 
. N Day 6 


No Swb. 14-iltnnteV Boil 'lS-1 Mm. 

2.45 BESCABY MAIDEN STAKES p-Y-O: Cl, 101: 5f) (11) 


.GStertayB 
I Tide Bote, 10-1 


3 

5 

6 
6 
9 

10 

11 

13 

14 

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3-1 Wnaraafla, 100-30 Law Progress. 4-1 Swynfafd Wnoass. M Sbzttag Matodfc M 
Harr Fte*. 13-1 Gate So. 14-t oUw*. 


MtSS PISA (Mrs D BiXBrAJ WWtaftan8-11 


Leicester selections 

Bv Mandarin 

2.15 Trixie Belle. 2.45 Windmede. 3.15 Arch Princess. JA5 

Balgownie. 4.15 Hidden Brief 4.45 Amber Clown. 5.15 Cooper 
Racing Nail. _. 

By Our Newmaricei Ccmresporatent 

2.15 Trixie Belle. 2.45 Sizzling Melody. 3.15 Arch Pwnass. 3.45 
Count Bertrand. 4.15 Hidden Brief 4.45 My Dtaya. 5. 15 Teed Bore. 
Michael Seely’s selection: 4.4S AMBER OX>WN_(napk 


115 HBWORTH CLAIMING STAKES ( 3-Y-O: £1,917: lm 4f) (ft) 

O too*. HOT RBiEHrMBfiaaioiM Britain 


UDtiuniii % 

8202- 

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OOtXJTO- 7A8A DANCSHR 1G Stead) K Stone M - 
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. K0at«5 
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RCocfvane 8 
__ Pat Eddery ! 

C Dwyer 7 

MfttmmorS 

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TW»aras2 


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M Hot RuW. 3-1 Cnummfs Own. 6-1 Andrart Prida..M Tan Prttta. 10-t Fast And 
friendly. 12-t SarOximand. U-l rtwn. ' • 

3.45 GREYHOUND HANDICAP (E2.41B: 1m 21) (1?) 

iSSASSSESSsiie: 



ROodaamll 

B Raws 4 

S^l3HMonw(^u 

KHodoranS 
.AM&ray7 
GBaxMrt3 

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M Kane (7) 18 
Johnson B 
_RSsraet 12 

m ii -n m ifawM W HnMar 4-7-11 — yi j 

. A Prowl 15 
PHI (7)2 


8 013810- 
29 003000- 

2t1 OfOOQQr 

212 uom- 

213 814000- i 
2 U 00430- SUPEBFfiOST (Bflf 

-- ram- 

SHADAASUGK' 



OASawgPotw.M 

LU BUTLER HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1,7213f) OS) 

1 0400T1- VOUHG JASON 

*0O eSsuni o utda { 


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„ C Dwyer 1 


oS? H SsSrai 

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3000- FSATHEBt— — Jr — _-.- v M ».t ■ ... - MMamy »* 

Tsitor0»SsWL®- T o0 , ®S'. . 

5.15 KEYTHORPE MAIDEN STAKES (Dhf 2 s 3-Y-Cfc £1^)21: ^ 

2 .™* sssssstsss.: 

BLACK r Rarwown MRy m »«-— 7&Z 7 

rT" J 

. MtMrton? 


SPGnWhs(5}14 
AAlachay 12 



CoW Laser, 

14-1 Petna!„ 

20-1 PrSmtan — . 
Sarasota. Oirtr Sttcte. Ta*ny Hpfl. 
VakXSta. 18-ran.HNRc Baflays Toptoe- 
miLnk. KAitUA awin « WartA 
Tote: £4^0: £2.40. £5C0. £270. Dfir 
£38.mCSP: £21.05- 
245 (1m| 1. CAVEUERAVAMTGARDE 

aawsgga 

Rwer(4mL7-TSweM Gamma 1M 
Racaform fihqpsody. TOIlDnWi..-18-l 
Matttawvd; Megtomt, Vai^J>TB6orofc 
The Dauber. 12 ran^^ LSI, 8L P 
Wtatam at MaHon. TIME £1870; £440. 
t2$0. £3410; DF: EIOIJUL CSF: £124401 
T rirmt fc El JM3-5B- 

3.15 nm 40 T, BOLD UUttOHL 
Rjggio, 3-1 2, H*eonl-Mi0JR HBs. 

swu 

Master (STlS-1 Bmdoro. My Charade. 
20-1 Don Runt (SM. JKto’t.im 
TiflckalB Star. 25-l £ntX. WM«h Sot. 
Butts Bay. Lowe. Waited in. ISwuNft 


£1J50; E940. E8.0Q. DR £11-00. CSP. 
£21 55 TFBCAST: £325.40. 


245(71) 1, FLEET FOflMU RaU. 


A(JReW.0A2. 
BrlgMAsMgM 
AL&) HANTSJ- 


Rotes HttMran. mt^MLCNeHoo 
at Upper Laatam. ToCk £840. DR 
ElCLIflTcSF: £18.08. 

4.15(1m 21)1, PRWCS MERANDI (Pert 
Eddery. 20-1): 2 . » WtraTe-WHtope “ 

. webs, 14-1); 3. IMIwnte Lodge (P — 
M favj. ALS3 RAN: 9-2 

■■gWBaanfc'AB 

M. m 71. 7L M Francis at Lamboum. 
Tout £2330; £354 EZ40, E1.4U DP: 
£144X0. CSF: 

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30L M VSgora-at Upper Umboum. 

Tons £6iO; _ a.60. EtSoT mil, DR 
£9 40. CSR £2330. 

Ptacapae £82.15. • 

Folkestone 

.M!STracOUNP-Jones,11- 

ALSO RAN: lb-1 Chenywood SanUfth). 
12-1 Cawstons Comedian (5th) Rakv 
Lariv.25-1 Pmwa Mac SOL 7 ran. 8L4). Gl. 
71 oL R Hannon « Mar®oraugh. Tcttc 
£240: £l5a £2 20. Oft CZOS. CJSJF: 
£332. 




Music. Greatest Tame Duchets, 

Ahwabs. 20-1 Fleur do TWbBB. Modem 
Man. 25-1 Taxinotte tflth). 33-1 Court 
Jewel. Butendstiar. 14 ran. 6L7I, 41. 7L 
1*1 W Musson at NawnwfeK. Toffi : 
£2.70: £1.10. £270 -£23a Dfc E5 l 2U 
CAF: £8.18, Tricast £47.42. bought m 
TSSOpa. 

245 (1m 41) 1.THE WOODEN HUT (D 
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3. Helena W e a sum (W Woods, 15-323- 
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£ riJeestaTouc £740: £42a £6L9a Dft 

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&» Jaclda Biair (Sty. VUZ Sdrofe (Wi). 7- 
IHukusan, 10-1 AflceHiB. 12-1 Mrftese. 
St Terramar. 14-1 ThetcnvOe, Lotbe, 16-1 
Bene Tower. Hampton Wtt, RussaB 
Flyer, 20-1 Edwins' pmoess, 25-1 Lean 
streak. 17 ran. NR: Homey. 41 M, 41. 
stUid. VM. G Lewis at Boomjote: E2^9 : 
£1.10. £4.10. £3lSoT £2-90. DF: 
£250 50.C.S.F: £186.33. TricasC 
£1 j609J33. 


345 

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Mr McGragor (BUS. Young Boris. 14-1 
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10-11 DwertOrchkl, 72 Ctea Mountain, 5-1 Rounflslooa, 10-1 Sammy Lux, 14-1 Wihtoy 
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Sandown selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 SILVER ACE (nap). 2.30 Desert Orchid. 3.0 PiydeL 3-35 Our 
Fun. 4.5 Western Sunset. 4.35 Royal Judgement 
By Michael Seely 
3.35 Our Fun. 4.5 1 HaventalighL 


ZJO ROYAL ARTILLERY GOLD CUP CHASE (amateurs: £2335: 3m 
118 yd) (14) 

- — PMChotson 

T Thomson Jones 


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406 312110 AMORAL'S CUP 

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445 ALAN BROOKE MEMORIAL HANDICAP CHASE (£4,713: 3m 
118yd) (6) 

|T Fpreter 10-11-10— — - H Danas 

„ eti F MMwyn 13-11-2 KMoonw 

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504 31F233 I HAVEKTALKBfT 

507 P-4P212 CATCH PtWASEf — 

511 PP3-23P BOLD VTOUAM (Mrs H Ahw*i) J S»Wl 10-104J. 

512 P24U24 CRBtM(J8otem)S Woodman 7-104). 


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601 F4132P- POnnZPASS 

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^ 20-1 others. 


Today’s course specialists 


LE ICES T ER 

TRAINERS: R SmYltl, 7 winnerB Korn 35 
rumors, 2aOV C Bensned. 7 from 96. 
12-7%} G BMdteg, 7from BZ M ait. 
JOCKETB; WCoraOrt. 38 WhMnftm 152 
rides, 23^%; W R Swiibum, !?1 from 39, 
2li%; G Starkey, 16 tram re, 184%. 


SANDOWN 

TAlUNERS:FWetwm,24wiriiienlleni99 
riamera, 242%; D sswonn, 11 from S3, 
207%; F Whiter. 21 Pom 138, 152%. 
JOCKEYS: Mr T Thomson Jones. 6 wins 
from 33 rides. 182%; P Barton. 11 tram 
65. 16^%; R Dunwaody. S tram 37. 
165%. 


RUGBY UNION 


Visit to southern hemisphere 
yields varied results 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent, Sydney 


Foar of the teams who took 
part iiftbe inaagoni New Sooth 
Wales International Sevens 
tournament over the weekend 
here r etur n ed to the northern 
hemisphere on the same flight 
yesterday- Their feelings about 
the event, however, differed 
substantially. 

Wales had the most cause for 
congratulations. Buoyed «p by 
the twinkling Jonathan Davies, 
they proved to be one of the most 
positive teams in the tour- 
nament, even if they did not, in 
the final analysis, match op to 
the advertising hype which sug- 
gests that rugby is the game they 
play in heaven. 

Davies himself, the scorer of 
seven tries, was disappointed 
that Wales had not shown better 
form is the stoHbnb against 
Australia when they had suf- 
-fldent possession but did not use 
it property. It was, nevertheless, 
an i mp o rta nt experience for 
yosng players such as John 
Deverenx and Kevin Phillips, 
who will Surely form part of the 
Welsh World Cop squad, even 
though the relevance of playing 
in Sydney in next year’s events 
is minimal since Wales have 
been dr aw n to play in New 
Zealand. 

France and Romania per- 
formed to expectation, the 
French limited by the talent they 
left at home, bat capable of 
achieving respectability through 
the individual virtuosity of 
Serge Blanco and Marc 
Ammen. Romania have little 
sevens experience and indicated 
as much; 1 doubt if their hopes 
were high but their players will 
have enjoyed Australia. 

TTnglanH returned severely 
chastened. Their stock before 
arrival was not high and it was 
even lower by the time for 
departure. They performed the 
basks badly, they lacked speed 
and they ladled preparation. It 
ma y he that England’s admin-' 
istrators will say that this was 
just another sevens tournament, 
that it had little significance and 
that team selection was ham- 
pered by postponed cup 
matches. 

Nevertheless, I have no doubt 
that a better sevens side conld 
have been chosen, and if it was 
believed that a sufficiently 
strong representative team could 
not be fielded then the invitation 
should have been declined, as 
Scotland and Ireland dfaL If the 
event did not mean much to 
England, it meant a great deal to 
those other countries who are 
not members of the Inter- 
national Board and whose only 
chance to play on a world stage 
is tournaments such as this and 
the Hoag Kong Sevens next 

AH that Fnghmri wfll be 

remembered for is the defeat 


against Spain and the straggle to 
overcome The Netherlands, and 
this memory will Unger next 
year when England visits Syd- 
ney once more to compete in the 
World Cup. In that respect, at 
least, they prepared some 
ground in terms of potential 
facilities and accommodation. 

A most telling comment was 
passed at the post-tournament 
dinner by Bryce Rope, coach to 
the winning New Zealand team. 
He was alarmed, be said, by the 
growing superiority of the south- 
ern hemisphere countries 
against those Grom the north, 
which created an unhealthy 
imbalance of power. The world 
game, he implied, needed the 
moderating input of the home 
countries Just as much as the 
brash commercialism of 
Australia. 

New Zealand have used this 
sevens event most positively, as 
they have m seasons past when 
entering the Hoag Kong tour- 
nament. They have developed a 
regional and provincial com- 
petition at the shut of their 
season to encourage fitness and 
to seek out the best sevens 
players, who are thereby given 
an early and possibly un- 
expected taste of playing in their 
country’s colours. 

It whets the appetite for more, 
and indeed, we shall be seeing 
more of Zinzan Brooke, Wayne 
Sbelford, David Kirk, and the 
rest, and not just because Kirk is 
confirmed as arriving at Oxford 
University next autumn. Rope 
has promised to bring the same 
squad to Cardiff in May to play 
in the Sports Aid Sevens, to be 
organized by Sports Sponsor- 
ship International of London as 
part of rugby’s contribution to 
famine relief in Africa. 

Eight countries will take part 
in the tournament on May 16 
and 17 — the four borne coun- 
tries, France, New Zealand, 
Australia, and either Romania 
or Fiji. I suspect there will be 
Changes in the Australian sevens 
squad, partly to relieve pressure 
on leading players, one of whom, 
Gould, may miss Hong Kong 
because of a hamstring injury 
sustained in the final on Sunday. 
Glen Elk will not play for 
Australia there. Believing it 
unlikely that he would be 
picked, be accepted an invitation 
to pky for Papua New Guinea. 

Two other injuries were sus- 
tained over the weekend by 
players due to take part in the 
lnteraatfon! Board's Centenary 
matches at Cardiff and Twick- 
enham next month. Wayne 
Smith, the New Zealand sevens 
captain who has intimated that 
this will be his last season, has 
back trouble, and Andrew Slack, 
Australia's grand slam captain, 
polled a hamstring while playing 
dub rugby in Brisbane at the 


Speedy M onmouth 
beat die elements 


By Peter Marson 


The Diners Cub National 
Schools seven-a-side tour- 
nament never fails to invite 
inclement weather m some 
shape or form, though this is no 
reflection on Diners Club, the 
tournament's new sponsors, and 
yesterday was no exception as 
the Festival Tournament garh- 
.ered pace with aboul 500 boys 
having to contend with gale 
force winds as they worked their 
way through 142 matches ia five 
rounds on three grounds ad- 
jacent to the Kingston bypass. 

It could wefl be that by the 
time the 16 group winners have 
seated themselves out in the 
sixth round this morning, a 
handful of those schools with a 
proud record in this com- 
petition will be out of 
contention. 

In the recent past, 
Amplefonh’s success has been 
spertacular, and so it came as a 
small shock to see them stumble 
against St Bees and fall in their 
first match yesterday. Epsom, 
who romped home against 
Bryanston in last year’s final, 
field a new seven and led by 
Hoad, a competent stand-off 
half, they remained good 
enough, but only just, to slip 
past Oratory fay and 


Downside by 14-12 in Group M. 

* Bryanston. too, struggled to 
work their way past Oakham 
and Bedford Modern before 
moving up a gear against 
Rutlish in Group £ If you had 
seen Monmouth polish off Dean 
Close in Group J. then you had 
been an early bird and the smile 
on Rod Sealy’s lace said it all. 

Here, certainly, is a speedy, 
skilful seven in the best Mon- 
mouth tradition. Forwards and 
backs alike ran purposefully, 
cannily and with great 
determination. Simon Butt, a 
splendidly built and mobile 
forward with a good try-scoring 
record, was the epitome of his 
side's bursting enthusiasm, 
while Rhodri Bryant, at stand- 
off half. looked every inch to be 
an admirable generaL 

Monmouth are renowned for 
their excellence as seven-a-side 
footballers - and Mr Sealy can 
take a deserved bow here — and 
having won three finals in four 
appearances, they could be back- 
in the running again today. 


Bryansteo; ... 

Trane H: Stows: t Hereford Cathedral 
scnoo*; J: Monmounv K: St Josephs, 
tpswwft: U Brighton; M: Epson: N: 
Eastooums: 0: Prior Park. P: Wethngton 


CRICKET 


Pakistan battle back 


Colombo — Sri Lanka, 37 
runs behind Pakistan on the first 
innings, were 24 for two in their 
second innings at the dose of the 
third day of the third and final 
Test yesterday. Pakistan were all 
out for 318 in reply to Sri 
Lanka's first innings 281. 

A magnificent 122 by Rameez 
Raja gave substance to the 
Pakistan first innings. R^ja. who 
came in cm Sunday with the 
score at 49 for three, batted for 
388 minutes before he was 
seventh out at 279. 

SRI LANKA: First InnrnK 281 (L R O 
MondtsBBL AT - 


Total (tor 2 wWs) 


24 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-18. 2-1& 
BOWUNG TO DATE: AKram 64-7-1, 
Imran 5-0-17-1. 

PAKISTAN: First tattHS {Owrruftt ISO 
tor live). 

Mudassar Nazar c *> AMs b 0a Mel .. 8 

Monsin Khan tow b Amaieaii 12 

Qasan Omar c tie AMs b Ratnayeke 19 

Javeti Mfandad Saw b Amatean 23 

Rameez Rma Ibw b Ratnayeke 122 

Sakai Makk c sub b Rasmyeke 29 

Imran Khan c tie Ahma b Ftenabmga . 33 

Abdul Qadir b Amatean — — — 20 

Zutaarnato c tie Ahwts b Ratnayeke 13 
Waslm Aftram run out 


ZMur Khan not out . 
Extras 28 

Total 


Second hvengs 

eabAkram 


S WetUmuny c Rameaa 
R Mahanama b imran 
A Gurusnghe not out 
P A De Siva not out . 
Extras 


if 
_ 0 

318 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-SI, Z3Z 349. 4- 
87. 5-158. 5-234, 7-279. 8-305. 6318. 
BOWUNG: Da Mel 27-3-96-1. Amalean 
18.1-1-59-3. Ratnayeke 30-4-116-4. 
Anurastft 15-11-8-0, Ranatunga 11-6-26- 


FOR THE RECORD 


ATHLETICS 


HANDBALL 


FLEET: Had matMtau e: 1. R Hackney (Moer- 
sn« & Farrmam), irw dmln 07 sac: 2. B Ford 
lAKtarsnot A Ferment). 1433. 3. K Mils 
w -‘ — -- y Hj 1:4.41. Women: 1. P Fuoge 


..12.47: 2. A Ford (HounstowL 
.:13 47: 3. C Hok te worth (CMem). 1 : 1621 . 
SUTTON: Halt marattHC 1. O "■ — 
(Hanelanti HL Ihr lOnut 07 sac: 2. 

H^lrt 1» 1-10Sfc 1 0 ranaat ' f 


BRITISH CUP: Sew-flnals: Bnennead 2i. 
TfYSt77i6.UwrpOOl22 SaDonnS MandB 
Mdtand* Ciki^ara-fma* Stafford Otytnpcs 
14. Leicester 73 lOKOCKEY 
DURHAM: Wtntbreed ln!E*- u nme t>l«y fwrtL 


_ Wnght 

ftSfi 


wafc Men: 1. Eflnamgti: 2 Keett, 3 

Women tuatianc 1 York St Johns: 3. 
Bknou*J|*i 


ICE HOCKEY 


BASKETBALL 


EMDHOVEtfc WerWCliaaiaionslMpK PwnB: 
Triad round: Auctna 5. Yugoslavia 2 Sweer- 


UWTED STATES: MMonal I 

aoeiphia 123. Now jersey nfr. W a anoigcn 
lil.fnowna lift Houston m. nm York 9ft 
Oowtana 123. Chcago97: Mtfwaufeee H3, 
Atlanta 9& Utah ilif Pteanm 109: Ontrort 
m Los AraetBS Cfepers 88; Lcs Angew 
Latere 1 15. Sacrttranto 113 Sund a y : SaaBlo 
107. San Antonio 104; Qotoen State 113. 
Denver Hi; Portland 112. Seosmento 102. 


GOLF 


unafl. France 2: 

NORTH AMERICA 


UBlyi.l 


... a 

Waassrar New 


Yore Rangers 2: New York tsanoers 3. 
Boston 3 (attar extra-nma): Devon B 


INDIAN WELLS, CaOtomle: Vintage Senior 
mmeiete PM eoene: (US iawn stated) 

272: D Douglass. Z7fc G Player (SAj. 278: Chi 

cw Roofiw^JftiTBO. m L awr. sst w 
Casper. A ftftner. 282 D &tee. 203: R 
Ctanefi. 214: H Jonnsaa 


weekend. Both remain optimis- 
tic char they will recover In time 
to play. 

It is hoped that rugby dubs op 
and down Britain will organize 
their own tournaments to raise a 
projected £400,000 for famine 
relief. The Welsh Rugby Union 
have donated the National 
ground for the tournament and 
the plan has received great 
encouragement from the home 

unions, though I suspect that 
enthusiasm may not be matched 
by crowds such as we saw in 
Sydney (some 23-000 over two 
days) and will see in Hong Kong- 

Fitzgerald 
the new 
Barbarian 

Ciaran Fitzgerald, who led the 
1983 British Lions in New 
Zealand and captained Ireland 
to three championships in four 
years, is one of seven new 
Barbarians in the squad to tour 
Wales. The others are Wales’s 
Th orb urn and Davies, the En- 
gland centre Clough, Scotland 
lock Campbell-Lamerton. Ire- 
land wine Crossan and Saracens 
captain Keay. The Barbarians 
play Penanh on Good Friday, 
Cardiff on Saturday and Swan- 
sea on Easter Monday. 

SQUAD: 6 Barnes (Bath). P J Thotbani 
M.K D Crossan (tnstonHns). A Emyr 
sea). M E Hantson (Wakefem. M H 
(Swansea). B J Bowen (South 
PoHoQ). F J dough (Cwnbndge 
University). J A Devemu (South Gtemor- 
gon Institute). J A Palmer (Bath). K O 
SfensHB (Liverpool). W G Davtata (CanJiin. J 
David (Neath). MHJ Douglas (London 
WetshJ. R J MB (Bath). R J Jond 
(Swansea). L Detoaey (Ltane*), 0 C 
FttzgersW (Lansdowne). G S Pearee 
(Northampton). P A O RontieO (WaapsL C 
F ptzgwnW (St Mary's CoOegeJ. H T 
HarMaon (Bective Rangeret J R E 
C amp b ciL LttnertPn (Loodon Scotteh), W 
A Dooley (Preston Grasshoppers). N C 
Redman (Bath). D R Waters (Newport). A 
Keay (Saracens). D 5 Pickering (UaneH). 
G Hess (Nottingham). P J MAmortwHon 
(Hnadn^OT). O Rtohartte (Leicester), G L 
fiobbina (Coventry). 

Hughes in 

Jeremy Hughes replaces the 
unavailable Clive Rees in the 
London Welsh side for their 
English Merit Table B and 
London Merit Table match al 
Blackheatii tomorrow. 


Lyon can go 

David Lyon, the Widnes and 
Great Britain Under-21 full 
back, has been put on the 
transfer-list at £25.000. Widnes 
put him up for sale after he was 
unwilling to play in the forwards 
m a reserve match. 


Wales 


ROWING 

High wind 
poses 
problems 

By Jim Railton 

Cambridge abandoned their 
outing yesterday morning when 
strong winds swept the Tideway, 
making it perilous in pans. 
Oxford, on the other hand, 
chanced their arms along lhe 
Hammersmith Reach and 
survived. 

With luck the wind will blow 
itself out before the Boat Race 
on Saturday, but should ii move 
round to the north-west the race 
could be postponed until Sun- 
day or Monday. 

This is just one added factor 
in what is a vital week of 
preparations. With the real work 
now behind the crews, stake- 
boat starts and final tuning takes 
precedence. 

Cambridge abandoned the 
Tideway and its white horses 
yesterday morning, choosing to 
flex their muscles in the relative 
warmth and shelter of the 
Thames Rowing Club's lank. 

Their important outing last 
Saturday must be counted as 
partially successful. It was to 
have been a 12-minute row. 
from near the race start to 
beyond Hammersmith Bridge, 
against a national squad eight. 

But at short notice the na- 
tional squad opted to row for 
only six minutes. In the end 
their challenge finished bluntly 
after two with a broken gate. At 
that point Cambridge had their 
noses in front and held together 
strongly to complete their 
scheduled task. 

In doing so Cambridge eased 
some of their concern over 

two points below and above 
Hammersmith Bridge. They 
will also have to beware what 
appears to be Oxford's tra- 
ditional spurt around Harrods' 
depository. If they can answer 
that then it is important to 
sustain the pace all the way to 
Mortlake. 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY: G R Screoton 
(Magdalen Coieqe Scnoo! anti Menon). 
bow: D H M MacDonald (Morrison's 
Academy and Mansfield). *4 R Dunatan (St 
Otave s. Orpington and Worcester); *G R 
D Jones (Sydney University and New 
Donegal; *B U PMp (Bryanston. Cam- 
bridge University and Worcester): C H 
Clark (Caatonua University ana Umver- 
Hty*: G Uvtngston (Cautomia Umversrty 
and Onet): ‘AMS Thomas (Wmcnesrec 
and Pemoroke). stroke: A S Green 
(Haberdashers' Askes and Cnnsi 
Cburcnl. cox. 

CAMBRIDGE UNIVERSITY: I H Clarke 
[Scwrport HS and FrcwNiam). Bow. M 
Wilson (Poveton Urmgnof ana T/miry 
Nasi. *J D Hughes (Bedford Modem and 
Downing): J S Pew (Stanford University 
and Trinity). ‘S M Pert (King's. Cnesrar 
ana Downing): *P H Broughton (Keky 
Collage. Soul hampton urv-arwy and 
Magdalene): E A F Gibson (Queen a 
University. Ofltano and QxjrehM); *J M 
Pritchard (Si CJamem Danes and Robw 
son) stroke. C A Burton (AbceOtney a no 
FttwAam). co*. 

'ABfeJO 


4; Hartford 6. Los Angatec 3; ; . . 

Qtnoee 4; New Jersey 6, Toronto 3. 
uancnnsr 6 Umesota Z Si Lous 3. 
Montreal 2. Soooay: wasnmmcn 6. Puiaoei- 


RACKETS 


praa S. Boston 5. Hafflortf 5. Cateary 7. 
Wnnceg 4. Buffalo G. Los Angeles 1 . Ctvcago 
5, Mew York RangerK 3. 


MOTOR RACING 

S8.VERST0NE: E6«» Foowte Three Cnara- 
piOHMic i, A Wateca (Repaid 863 
ifMmL JSffW rftT Ssse (UBAr mpnf. 
2. M^aroto Sate (Ra« rt Tiww 
VaBtswagonL 18:19 77: 3. D Stem (Reynard 

(S3 Vatawagon).lft23.44. 


OUEENTS CUB: FubbC SchOOtt’ 4W0WS 
cfiampmshtp: First «wn* «ugny (G w 
Devmftu* B3WJ ** G ie«BSf or welmgttyi II (W 

AGwagkomanaPPTennani)i5^ 4->5. t5- 
0 . 15-8. n-15. 7-15. 17-14; HMeyDury IA 
Sam and B Halil « Mawrawgn « J 
Roanson and Q w Bvten i^7. is-n. 6- »5. 
10 - 1 5. 3-15. 15-H. 15-9: weftngion i ( rch 
8 nn» and P a Hokum*) tn Omnn n rB C 
Bucklana and K S Rashdl 15-7. 15S. 15-11. 
15ft R Ktey (A J HamsssnupD and M P 
Stuart-Oani) M h antM tA J M Hanwton ana S 
A Rose) 16-18.15-7. 5-15. 15-10. 4-15. 15ft 
15-9. 




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:; 30 


THE TIMES TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


BOXING 


Cash is the key 
as Kaylor 
sets his sights 
on Graham 


By Sriknmar Sen. Boxing Correspondent 


After Tony Sibson's with- 
drawal last week as official 
; challenger to Herol Graham, 
the European champion, 
Mark Kaylor was quick to step 
forward and issue a challenge 
to the Sheffield boxer. “! want 
Graham but the money must 
•be right.” Kaylor said 
yesterday. 

Mike Barrett, the London 
promoter, was equally quick 
to seize upon the windfall and 
declared that the two men 
could share a six-figure sum if 
Graham agreed to defend 
against the West Ham middle- 
weight at Wembley on May 
20 . 

Barrett said: “It is a fight 
that will fill Wembley. There 
should be no difficulty for the 
EBl/ in nominating Kaylor as 
the official challenger as he is 
ranked No 6 in the world. But 
an official nomination may 
not even be necessary if 
Graham makes a voluntary 
defence." 

As Marvin Hagler, the 
world champion, is believed 
to have made his plans up to 
the end of the year, when he is 
expected to retire after equal- 
ling or beating Carlos 
Monzon's record of 14 de- 
fences, there is. according to 
‘Barrett, no contest that will 
pay Graham the kind of 
money that Barren is prepared 
to offer. 

Kaylor. who knocked out 
‘Errol Christie on November 5 
fast year in the final eliminator 
for the British middleweight 
tide, aims to do the same to 
Graham. “He won the British 
and European title the easy 
‘way." Kaylor said yesterday. 
-According to Kaylor. Ayub 
KafuJe. the European champi- 
on. was an old man. "Kalule 


was so far gone it was not 
true ” Kaylor said. “I would 
fight Graham the same way as 
I fought Christie. I would put 
him on the ropes and make 
him feel he was behind bars 
and someone was beating him 
through them." 

In anticipation, Kaylor is 
having a warm-up against 
Kenny Snow, of Columbus, 
Ohio, on Wednesday, April 9, 
at the Albert HalL Snow, who 
has had 21 contests and won 
19 (1 3 of them on knock-outs), 
was the chief sparring partner 
for John Mugabi when the 
Ugandan was preparing for 
Hagler. 

On the same bill, John 
Feeney, the former British 
bantamweight champion, 
meets Robert Dickie. ofSwan- 
sea, for the British feather- 
weight title vacated by 
Barry McGuigan. 


Doctor’s fears 


over Coetzee 


Johannesburg — An expert 
here has questioned whether 
Gerrie Coetzee, South Africa's 
former world heavyweight 
champion, should have been 
allowed in the ring with 
Britain's Frank Bruno, the 
man who humiliated him with 
a first round knockout (Paul 
Martin writes). 

Dr Give Noble, a Transvaal 
Boxing Board member and 
their chief medical adviser, 
said: "At first I thought 
Coetzee was just fat and lazy 
when he fought Bruno. But he 
looks a lot different these 
days. His speech appears slow- 
er. he stares with a sometimes 
expressionless look. These are 
often early signs of brain 
damage." 


GOLF 





A winning salute: Peete celebrates after yet another victory. 


Signs of optimism for Faldo 


From John Ballantine, New Orleans 


Things finally came right, or 
nearly right, for Nick Faldo at 
the New Orleans Classic where 


he had easily his best finish of 
his 1986 US campaign so far, 
ending up joint third and win- 
ning $24,000 (£16,100). 

For Calvin Peete, the outright 
winner by five strokes, and also 
tor Faldo, the timing of their 
sudden onsets of sound form 
coukl not have been better. 
Peete is the holder of the 
Tournament Players’ 

Championship which starts at 
the PGA headquarters at Ponte 
Vedra, near Jacksonville, in 
Florida on Thursday, and be is 
top of the money list with 
$230. 598. well ahead of both 
.Andy Bern and Bernard Larger. 


also be optimistic about the 
weeks ahead. 

Faldo, who survived as 


Europe's main hope following 
the failure of Ballesteros and 


Langer to qualify, showed true 
grit at the end. It was one thing 
to go out on a calm sunny spring 
morning and score 68 with four 
birdies and quite another to 
hang on in the afternoon on the 
final nine holes when his "new" 
swing seemed to be getting 
jerkier and more erratic 
The Ryder Cup roan has been 
making adjustments to the 
plane of his swing in the past 
year, but would the changes 
stand up under the pressure? 
Things began to go ominously 
wrong at the ninth in the 


In the next few holes be 
pushed several more drives into 
trees and dose to the edge of the 
dangerous lake at the 14th. But 
he survived all calamities, even 
the missing of a birdie putt less 
than four feet from the 16th 
hole, and holed from 25 feet at 
the 17tb and finished strong! 
by saving par at the last out of : 
airway bunker. Ken Brown also 
excelled in the last round, his 69 
giving him a four-round total of 
288 and a prize of $2360. 


SCORES (US unless 
Peels. 68. 57, 66, 08. 774; P 


He has won 1 1 titles in the last 
five years and more money than 
any other player. Faldo must 


afternoon when, after pushing 
he missed 


his drive into trees, 
the green, chipped six feet past 
and failed to save his par. 


69. 09. 68.68. 2 77t T Stockmann. 73. 70. 
67, 67; G LadeMf. 7S, 68. 64. 7ft N Faldo 
(GSL 68. 72, 68. 6ft O TewflC, 71. 68, 69. 
68. 2M: D Pootoy. 71, 71. 70, 69; D Ml . 
72. 64. 71. 74; Blsraeison. 73. 65. 74, 69; 
O Bair. 73. 72, 67. 66i Other ecofMe2S6e 
D Graham that, 72. 70. 73. 71; G Neman 
74. 72. 73. 67. 287: O Hattdoraon 
, 75. 69. 72, 71. 2S8:N Price (SAL 75. 


I, 72: K Brown (GSJ. 74. 72, 73, 69. 
290; I Aokt (Jap). 74, 71 , 75. 70. 


FOOTBALL: ON THE ROAD TO THE WORLD CUP AND THE ITALIAN CHAMPIONSHIP 


Wales are Pruzzo’s honour for Roma 


hit by 


injuries 


Mark Hughes, the Manches- 
ter Lfniied forward who is to 


join Barcelona for more thair£2 
. million, is one of six players to 
have been pulled out of the 
"Welsh squad for tomorrow's 
iniemaziona] against the Repub- 
lic of Ireland in Dublin. 

Also missing through injury 
are the Evenon defenders 
Ratcliffe and Van den Hauwe. 
Oxford's Slatter, the Chelsea 
goalkeeper Niedzwiecki and 
Aizlewood of Chariton. 

Notable among the replace- 
ments is Huddersfield's former 
Chelsea and Liverpool full back 
Joey Jones, who could set a 
Welsh record. If he plays, it 
would be his 69th appearance, 
breaking the record of Ivor 
Allchurch. 

• Jim Leighton, the Aberdeen 
goalkeeper, dislocated a finger 
in training yesterday and is 
doubtful for Scotland's match 
against Romania at Hampden 
Park tomorrow. Even if Leigh- 
ton is ruled out. his deputy, Alan 
Rough, is unlikely to be called 
upon. The manager. Alex Fer- 
guson. is keen to test his 
goalkeeping strength, which 
would lead the way open for 
Oldham's Andy Gorarn. 

For many Scots, the match 
represents a chance to pay 
tribute to arguably the country's 
. greatest player. Kenny Dalglish, 
the Liverpool player-manager, 
who will win his 1 00th cap. 


Yet another goal by Roberto 
Pruzzo, their centre forward, 
gave Roma a vital 1-0 victory 
over AC Milan at San Siro on 
Sunday. Meanwhile Jnventas 
were beating Interuazioaale 2-0 
in Turin with goals by Platini, 
from a penalty, and the mid- 
fielder, Bonini. 

Inter will be managed next 
season by the Joventns man- 
ager, TrapattonL The Turin 
dob. with a three-point lead, 
now look nnlikely to be over- 
hauled by Roma, who thrashed 
them so comprehensively in the 


FOOTBALL 

BrtanGSanvfel 



game win be a useful indicator. 


previous game. 

lost at 


Bari lost at home to 
Fiorentina through a fourth 
minute penalty, subsequently 
missing one themselves. Late in 
the game, Paul Rideout had a 
tremendous shot superbly saved 
by (he Fiorentina keeper. GtdlL 
Sampdoria hit the woodwork 
four times in their 0-0 draw with 
Como. 

Tomorrow in Paris Argentina 
open their pre-Worid Cop Euro- 
pean tour against France. 
Though their manager, Carlos 
BUanfo. has been so roughly 
criticized at home, tradition 
gives Argentina a strong chance 
on Latin American sofl, and this 


To the home-based players 
BOardo has added a number of 
Argentina stars playing in Eu- 
rope, such as Maradona, 
Barruchaga. the Nantes mid- 
fielder. Pasco lli. centre forward 
with Lecce, and Valdano, scor- 
ing freely now for Real Madrid. 

Next Saturday; Argentina 
play Naples on their own 
ground; Maradona is expected 
to {day for his country rather 
than his dnb in front of a huge 
crowd. 


There wQl be great i nt e rest in 
the form of the two gifted young 
players from the Inter- 
continental Cnp finalists, 
Argentines Juniors: Batista, the 
quick, tough midfield player, 
and Carlos Borghi. the efferves- 
cent centre forward coveted by 
many a European dob. 


Bertco, Should now surely get 
his chance. 

Italy, the World Cnp holders, 
will be playing Austria tomor- 
row at l/dine. They will Jack 
Bruno Conti, the Roma winger, 
and this may give a chance to 
Baktieri. the lively young Pisa 
attacker who in fact belongs to 
Roma and may take Conti's 
place there next season. 

Another Roma player, the 
captain Ancefotti, could put new 
life in Italy's midfield. So often 
injured, unable to establish him- 
self in the Italian team since his 
debut nearly five years ago in 
Uruguay, he is now in superb 
form. 

The defection of Frank Lipp- 
ntaim. Dynamo Dresden's best 
forward, immediately after his 
team had astonishingly fast 7-3 
to Bayer Uerdingcn in the Cop 
Winners' Cup last week, is not 
new in the annals of German 
footbalL 

The other Bayer team. Lever- 


kusen (both are subsidized by 
iyh 


Swansea given 
more time 


by High Court 


Dalglish received the Freedom 
of GL 


ilasgow. his home city, 
yesterday after being the guest of 
honour at the first of two 
testimonial dinners. 

• Jimmy Nicholl. the West 
"Bromwich Albion defender, has 
withdrawn from the Northern 
-Ireland squad to play Denmark 
at Windsor Park. Belfast, tomor- 
row. because of a pulled ham- 
string. But the manager. Billy 
Bingham, is happy he has 
sufficient defenders. 

• Tony Adams, the 19-year-old 
Arsenal defender who made his 
first senior club appearance of 
the season in Saturday's win 
over Coventry, has been called 
Into England squad for the 
European under-21 champion- 
ship quarter-final second leg 
against Denmark at Maine 
Road tomorrow. He replaces 
Ipswich's Craason. who has 
withdrawn through injury. 


Swansea City can stay in 
business at least until the end of 
i he season after receiving per- 
mission in the High Court 
yesterday lo carry on under 
receivership. 

The latest breathing space in 
the third division club's fight for 
survival will allow a rescue 
package to be pul to creditors by 
the middle of May. 

Swansea were wound up last 
December with debts totalling 
almost £2miiIion. The rescue 
package, which was outlined to 
the court last month, indudes 
payment in full to preferential 
creditors. 

The order, for an "unlimited 
period", was conditional upon 
the rescue consortium, headed 
by Doug Sharpe, the 
club'sformer chairman, to in- 
demnify the receiver against any 

losses incurred under 
receivership. 

• Jim Melrose , the unsettled 
Manchester City forward, was 
expected to sign for Chariton 
Athletic last night for £45.000. 


Brazil, who nwred Europe so 
unhappily, now need the absent 
Zko more than ever bat it may 
be their own fault if his left knee 
is troubling him again. When he 
went into training camp with the 
national side, he was immedi- 
ately taken oft the stre ng the ni ng 
exercises decreed by his dob, 
Ftamengo. Another Flamengo 
player, the young attacker 


the huge chemical company 
picked op two East German 
internationals, Gotz and 
SchlegrL who defected a couple 
of years ago after playing for 
their dnb In the European Cnp 
in Belgrade. It cost them both a 
year's suspension by FIFA, 
which is presumably what Lipp- 
maon wUl get; together with a fat 
contract from Nfirmberg. 

Brim Glanville is football 
correspondent of The Sunday 
Times. 


EUROPEAN LEAGUE RESULTS 


AUSTRIAN: Ctaraotonahio 
fourth round: Rapid 3. Lnz ASK tf. Graz 
AK 0. Sturm Ora* 0: Austria Kiagerrfurt 0, 
Austria Wien 6; Atfimra Wacker 0. SSW 
fnrtsteucfc 1. Ouafiflcatfen (advance) 
playoff soriao, fourth round: Vorwflrts 
Swyr 1. SC Bsenstadt 1; VOEST Unz 2. 


AC i«an 0, Roma 1; Pisa 0. Torino 0? 


S amp dor ia 0. Como 0: Udnese z Napoli 
0; Verona a Atlanta 3. ‘ “ 


:3. 


Wtoriar Sportdub ft Salzbwgsr AK ft SV 
ipro Donawrtz 1. 


Spinal 1; Vienna 3. Alpro 

' l. Austria 
t ASK 27. 
’ Ltoge 8. Charierai ft 


Mechbn 3, Kottryk 1 ; Beveren 2. FC 
ft Bruges 2, RWDM 1 ; Wawscnei 0. 


Bruges 1: Andariecht 2. Seizing ft 
Viterogem 1. Dorse ft Lokoran 2. 


Beerschot 2: Antwerp A, Ghent 1. Lending 
‘ _ pts Z FC 


POOLS FORECAST • * by Paul Newman 


Saturday Match 29 unless 
stand 


THIRD DIVISION 


SOUTHERN PREMIER 


1-Andenecm. 47 pts 
. 45: 3. Standard Ltoge. 3a 
RIAN: StwenO. Same Ik DounavO, 
Enr Z Akadwnk 2Jjokomodve Sophia ft 
Pvtn 3. Spartak Pleven 1: Lokomotive 
Plovdiv 2, Vratsa 1; Vitoshs 3. Cftemo 
More 1 : Sparok vara 1 . Sradets 1 : Steria 
3. TraJua 1. Leafing po si tion s: 1. Beroe. 
37pts 2. TraWa. 35; Sara. 35. 
CZTCHOSIOVAK: Bohemians Prague ft 
Dynamo Caatra Budejovioe ft Tj va fa w c e 
1. Spurts Prague 1; Spartak Titovs 1. 
Sigma Otomouc t; ZVL ZSna Z DAC 
Durapka Strata 1; DiMa Prague i. San* 
Ostrava Z Lokomotive Kostoe Z Duua 
Banska Bystnea Z BH C tab Ziraor 
Bratislava ft Taftart Prasov 0. Stave 
Prague 1. Leafiigpoeitfam: I.Vrtkoww, 
26 pts: Z Slava Prague. 23; 3, Spans 
PT3QU0 21 

DUTCH: Haarlem 0. Hoda Kerhrado ft 


*»ton* 1. Juvernus. 40pts; ZRoma. 

POLISH: Lochia Gdansk z Beityk Gdynia 
0; Zagtetue Sosoovrioc Z GKS Katowice 
4; Motor ubHn 1. LKS Lodz ft Gomft 
Wattvzycri 0. Sfask Wroclaw ft Leg* 
WSrszswa 0. Ructi Chorzow ft Wktzew 
Lodz 1. ZagtetM Lutiki ft Gomik Zatxze 
Z Stal Miefec ft Lech Poznan f, Pogm 
Szczacm a. Loading po oW cns: 1. 
Wkttew Lodz. 35pw Z Gomfc Zebras. 
33: 3, Le ge Wa rsaw. 33. 

JWTOSfcse Braga 1. Bonflca 1; 
Sporting 3. Gwmaraes ft Porto 4, 
Pornmonense 0. Boavtsa fi; Maritime a 
Betonenses Z SeUAtf Z Aves Z PensfM 
2. Chaves 0. Sajguakos 2 ; Academics 4. 
Covihs ft Leading posttenr 1, Benfica, 
42; z Porto, 4Z drSporWg. 38. 
ROMANIAN: Brasov f. thStoratetsa Out 


Napoea ft Giona Buzau I, ASA Ttrgu 
Mures 1; Spertul StudehtMC 1. 


UnwersHatea Craiova 1: FUptd Bucharest 
1. Corvmd Hgnedoara ^ PoStshrtce 
Timisoara 1 . PotroU Ptamsti 0: SC Bacau 
1. Victoria Bucharest ft BRnr OradW 0. 
Aiges Pttasti Z Chum* anwtoi VSoae Z 
Dnamo Bucharest ZPostponed: Steaua 
Bucharest v Oft. Leedtog powdonw 1. 

.29: 


3. Dynamo 
SOVfet: K 


27. 


: Kharkov 0. Spartak Moecow ft 
Kakat Alma Ate t. Torpedo Kutaisi ft 
r Donetsk 1 . Dynamo Moscow ft 


FIRST DIVISION 


2 ftrnwgftam v Man u 
1 Dwisea » west Ham 
2Cowtry vNotmF 
t EvertW * Newcastle 
X LAC8SIW v Luton 
1 Man C v Aston vnia 
XOrfortJvOPR 
X Sheft W v LWmpooi 
X Tottenham vArewai 
1 WatlordvipswKh 
X WBA v Southampton 


X Blackpool v Rotherham 
1 Bristol C v Bristol R 
1 Bury v Doncaster 
1 Oarwcnon v Lmcofcr 


1 Derby v Newport 
■ mvReac 


1 GiNnaham v Reading 
1 Notts Co v Brantford 
1 yvigan v Bonon 
1 YorkvWaisjH 
Net on coupons: Cardiff v 
Plymouth (Friday): 
Bournemouth u Swansea: 
Chesterfield vWowes. 


1 RS Soton v Aylesbury 
1 Wiienna* v Foranam 
X Witney v Bedwonti 
f Worcester v K Lynn 
SCOTTISH PREMIER 


Fortuna Smaid 1. Vento 1; Max 1. 
Gnsnmgwi ft Twenca &schdd8 1. PSV 


S/Mu5 0. Dnepr Dnepropetrovsk 
» 1. NeteH B^u 1; 


2 Clydebank v Getoc 
X Dundee v tXmdee U 

1 hearts v Rangers 

2 Motherwe* v Aoemee 
1 S( Mirren vHiberman 


SCOTTISH FIRST 


FOURTH DIVISION 


SECOND DIVISION 


1 Blackburn « Stoke 

1 CarlSto vSheffU 

2 C Palace v Brighton 

1 Hudoe««d v Mioaiesino 
T HuHvSpmslfty 
XMdwaSvCrwrttmi 
1 Norwich v FUham 
1 Portanth V Wirntfedon 


1 Shiflwstlliry v Grimsby 
and 


1 Sunderland v Braotont 
Not on coupons: Ottdam 
v Leeds tFhcayl- 


1 a were hot v Torquay 
1 E»eter ■ Hereford 
1 MansfleW * Presion 
1 Orient v Normempton 
1 Port Vale v Chraw 
l Southend * Petertwo 
t Tranmere v Crewe 
1 Wrexham v Burney 
Nat on coupons: Cam- 
bridge v Rochdale (Fri- 
day); Colchester * 
Swindon (Friday) Haifa* v 
Herflapool (Fnday). Scun- 
thorpe _ v 

SiockpcrijFridav) 


1 AfttevMofTOn 
1 Dumbarton v Fe*urk 
1 East Me vAWne 
1 Forfar v Qyfls 

1 Kbmamock v Brechin 
X Montrose v Ayr 

2 Parttek v Karra ItOh 
SCOTTISH SECOND 

2 A'twi v Queen s Pk 
Net on eoupurs: Bannck 
w Rafth; Duntermine v 
Stranraer East Somng v 
Stirling; Meaoowttank v 
Queen ot me South: St 
Johnstons v Arbroath: 
Stenhousemuir v 
Cowdentaam. 


TREBLE CHANCE (home UW- 

MT. Qxlord. Sheffield Wednesday. TcBBn- 
Iwm. WBA,. MVlwaft Blackpool WWJjjT 
Dondse. Mcnirose. Next befit CheKsa. 
Cartirie 

BEST DRAWS Leicester. Tottenham. 
WBA. Mflwal. Dundee. „ . 

AWAYS Manchester United. Notwtgram 
Forest Celtic. ADerdeen. Moram. 


HOMES Enrton, Manchester Cm. hu». 
Norwreh. Bristol City, Ddrtty. Wigafi. 
Mansireld. Worcester. Keens, Forfar. 
Kiknamock. 


Eindhoven 3: Sparta Rotterdam 0. AZ ‘67 
A*maar 0. Excetsor 1. Maastricht ft 
Utrecht 0. Go Ahead Eagles Deventer 0. 

iTpSV Emdhovea 
,37:3.Feyenoord3Z. 

x-Stadt 3. Dy- 
namo Dresden i; Lokomotiv Lmpzn 1. 
Dynamo BerWi f; Hansa Rostock 1, Start 
Brandenburg 2. Magdeburg 0. Rot-WMS 
Erfurt ft Unon Berm Z Vorwarts Frank- 
furt ft Start Rtesa 1. Carl Zees Jena 0. 
Lestfing posOons: 1. Dynamo Berlin. 26 
pts; Z Dynamo Dresden. 2ft 3. Cart Zees 
Jena. 19. 

FRSiCft Marsefles 1. Toulouse 1: 
Auxena Z Boraeaux Z Pans Sant- 
Garmaui 1. Toulon ft Lens ft. Nantes ft 
Sochaux 0. Rennes ft Laval 1. Baste ft 
Nice Z Metz ft Brest Z Monaco 1 : Nancy 
l.Srrasoeutg t: L b Havre O.LUeO Latest 
positions: 1. Pans Sant-Germam. 51 pts; 
Z Nantes. 44. 3 Bordeaux. 42. Relegated; 
Bastia. iftjts. . 

GREBq OlyrrmQkos 3. Arts 2; Apoflon 0. 
Pamonos ft ttfmAos 1. to araana 1; OF1 
Crew Z Panseraikos ft Kafamena Z 
PanaffBnWJS 1; Coxa Drama Z PA OK t. 
Irakis Z Larisa ft PanahaAi Z AEX Z 
Luadtag posmonc 1. Panalhinariwa. 35 
pts: 2. Dm. 32: Z AEX 31. 

HUNCMUM Szombaihefy 0. HOfwed 
Budapest 0: Ujpesl BOzSQ 0. 

rszeg 1; Ferencvans 0, &ofok ft 
1 0. Vasas Budapest 1; flaoe Eto 


0; Dynamo Kjbv 
D ynamo raisk 0. Ararat Yerevan 0. 
Lestfing poe M ons ; 1. Cheroomorats 
Odessa. GptK Z Dynamo Tbilisi, t 3, 


2enrt Lanrmd. 5. 

SPAICSH: Raal Ma (SkJ Z Real VaBadoM 


X 3. Csepe) 1; Vbtan 1^. DeBrecen 2; 

vm 1. Pa 


FIXED ODDS: Homes Hid. Norwich.. 
Derby. Wigan. Mansfield. A ways NOWng- 
ham Forest. Gem Morton. Draw 
Tottenham. WBA. MOwaL 


Pas 1; Tateoanya 6, 
BskescsaPe f. Laatfep poWOow 1, 
Hamad. 35pts; Z Pecfii 3ft Z RSta Eto 

n^UJAN; AveSno Z Lecc« ft Bari a 
Roremina 1; Juvantua Z lntoma2lonaJaft 


1; Ceka 1. CatS* Z Sporting 1. Barcelona 

1 : RMl Soctodad 6. Harctdas ft Baal Beds 

1. Sew* a ft Valencia IMtuattc Bilbao 
ZErosna 0, Osasima 1; Racing Santan- 
dw Z AtletKO Mattid ftRol Zngoza 4. 
LasPBJnssftLadbnpoaOaBEl. Beat 
Madrid, 52 (chamaons); z Barcelona. 42; 
ZAflefcoMadricT®. 

SWISS: Neucntoi Z Wettmgan ft St Gal 

2. Sion 0: Grencfien Z Lucama Z Servaua 
Geneva 1 . Basel Z Baden l.LaChaux-de- 
FondS 1; Grasshoppers i, Lausanne ft 
Vevey Z Zuncfi 4; Ami ft Young Boys 
Bern 4. Latest posi tion s. 1. Neuchtol 
Xanw. ^Jts: z ^assnoppexs. Zx 3. 
Lucerne. 

TURKISH: Sanyer 1, KocaeBspor ft 
Derazuspor 1. Besfttas ft Samsurapor ft 
Artrarapucu ft Aitay “ “ 

Odusporl.Rl; 

Eskiaehirspoi 

Galatasaray 0: Malatyaspor 1. 
TraOzonspor j ; Kays err spor 0, 
ZonguWakspor 0. Laaifing po sM oae: 1. 
Gal&aray. 39pt£ Z 8eafeas. 37; 3. 
Samsunspor, 33. 

WEST f^RMAK Bayern Munich ft 
Bochum 1: Bayer uertfngan 4jfamtwg 
1 : HanomrO. Nilrmoera Zsaartinicken 1. 
Cdtogne Z Scfufiw t. Dtesefdorf f; 
Boru&sa Mdnchenglaf&ech t . Sntracht 
Frartdurt 1 ; Stuttgart 3, WNdof Mannheim 
1; Werder firemen Z Kaisereta utam ft 
Bayer Lfwrkusen Z BorusMa Dottinsid 
Heading paeWans 1. Werder Bremen 


r 1, u; awnsLBapor u. 

u ft Aitay 0. H»gM«pnr o: 
1, Rizespor ft GenctortiMgi 1. 
spor 0: Fenerhahce 1. 


r u^ tK Z^ tejgrnk toteh. 4ft 3. Bcrussto 


1 36. 


ICE SKATING 


Witt loses 


title but 


wins more 
friends 


From John Hennessy, 
Geneva . 


There were two heroines on 
the ice here on Sunday night,, 
Debi Thomas,, of the United 
States, and Katarina. Witt, of 
East Germany. ' Miss. Thomas 
became the new world figure 
skating champion, the first black 
woman to achieve the pinnacle, 
and Miss Witt won the free 
skating with a performance of 
spell-binding excellence. 

If Miss Wirt had to surrender 
her title, she at least went down 
bravely with an colours Dying. 
The winner in 1984 and 1985, 
she had never yet forced the 
perfect mark of 6.0 from anyone 
judge. Now she made two of 
them surrender. Other skarers 
may have had more triple 
jumps, or greater variety, com- 
pared with her four triple jumps, 
two salchows and two toofoops. 
but we were seduced into ignor- 


ing width and feeling die quality 
as she proved that, at 20, she 


now has all the maturity nec- 
essary to dramatize her music 

Miss Thomas knew that she 
could afford to let one skater 
beat her in the free — and Miss 
Witt had already done that — 
but danger lurked in ber compa- 
triot, Tiffany Chin, the last 
skater in the competition. In the 
event Miss Thomas, who was 
fifth last year at her. first 
attempt, had. the character to 
meet the crisis. 

She had “three game plans"; 
according to her trainer. Alex 
McGowan, once of Glasgow and 
London, and the one she used 
incorporated four triple jumps. 
The judges were sufficiently im- 
pressed to hoist marks as high as 
5.9. No matter what damage 
Miss Chin would do — in fact 
she was to be well below form — 
Miss Thomas now dissolved 
into tears and the arras of the 
expansive McGowan. 

wn 

4.0: 5. M 


RESULT: Woomo’* fra* 
<EQ) 1.0 pts; Z D Thomas 
Mantoy (tan) 3.0: 4. T Chin 


KoUap|5ft 6. CLetttner( 
1. Thomas; 


3.6 pts; zwftt 4.4; ft Chin 7.2; 
4, K Ivanova (USSR) 11 A S, Manlay 1Z4; 
6, Latotrwr 1. ' 


SNOOKER 


Ireland team 


chalk up 
a point again 


By Sydney Friskin 

Dennis Taylor' and Cliff 
Thorbum parted company 
shortly after midnight at 
Bournemouth on Sunday to 
renew their campaigning in the 
Benson and Hedges Irish Mas- 
ters tournament at Goffs, Co. 
Kildare, from April 8 to 13. 
Taylor was the captain of the 
Irish team that bad beaten 
Canada, led bv Thorburn, 9-7 in 
the final of die Car Care Plan 
world team championship. 

"When we won the title last 
year everybody said it was a turn 
up for the books." Taylor said. 
“Now by winning it again we 
have proved that wcare the beat 
side in the world." • 
RESULTS; Raal: troferid M Canaria 9-7. 


draft names flrsa D Taylor draw wttft c 

Thorbum 57-39/^116; EHw 


lOSt TDK' 

M W 

£S 

Aaw 

... . . bt 

81-0. 930. Tajtar draw with 
Tftbrtwm 53-63, 8S-1Z 


Stevens 40-75. 58-63; A 
Warbenk* 77-38. 7640; 
wflft Sevan* 68-67. 3G6*.- ! 
with Thoibum 21-61 , 7069: 1 


re th Stevens «36Z 74-ift 
Werbenk* 61- 


motor racing 



s has come 


at right ti 



Piquet 


By Jobn Blnnsdea : 

Too modi should never be 
read into the results of the Bret 
race of a new grand prfx season. 
Nevertheless, the Brazffiao 
Grand Prix on Snaday provided 
several platers for the year 
ahead, answered a number of 
refavaat questions, and perhaps 
robed one or roo new <mes. . 

Nelson Piquet’s victory at die 
wheel of his. Hooda-ppwered 
Canon Wlllfams provided the 
f imfiran flM riuf hk dttV flf 
teams after seven years with 
Brabham could not have been 
more timely. A oonsidenbfe 
strength of the WIIBanis team is 


Official tunes 


v n mare 

SSs®SrasBfH 

BSasssHf 



fill ■' VWDflrns, 9 

, Loh».6;4,Ty(riftZ5. 


their, endntive use trf a. major 
ia Ob* 


maanfadarer's Feemida 
engines radser than having to 
share them with rival teams. 
The Honda took a while to come 
good, bet now. that -it is : so 
competitive . the advantage is 
enjoyedby the wmiams driven 
alone. . .■ 

Another major ingredient is 
die c havste .- and we now know 
that tbe latest FW 11 - has 
maintained the ' ingress made, 
last season by the FW 10, wludi 
won its last three faces. It .was 
dear at Bio bow effectively the' 
new car was transmitting its 
engine's ahandant , power 
through the latest C-cbmpood: 
Goodyear tyres. 

With two drivers of tibe caEfare 
of Pfqnet and Nigel ManseH, 
WOltams most be die leading 
contender for top hononrs tins 
season, notwithstanding 
Mansell's disappointing first- 
lap exit from the opening race 
after a difference of opinion. with 
Ayrton Senna. The lessen here 
fm aU drivero ^ not jnst Mansdl 
— most be never to assume that 
Senna will give way in a neck 


and neck sStMtitm, even if Ws 
rival . driver has seemed the 
Inside Hue entering a coraer. 

Senna went on to become 
piquet's only dose cfralfange r 
for victory nniilhe was foreedto 
reduce hb pnee daring 

rfarewg Japs. He was using the 
latest specification Keaanit en- 
gine in his JPS Lotus, m which 
valve springs have been replaced 
by p twsuna tic valve opqation. It 
was a promising debot for the 


Equally promising was the 
defmtof Jeimny ftrnnftws in the 
team's second car. At one stage 
he was up to fffth place before an 
electrical problem called for a 
foaganschedaledpitslop which 
dro p p ed him sat of~ contentkm. 
Clearly he b destined to pUy a 
more p r o minent nde oa the 
circui ts Oh-seren than aright 
have been expected from a driver 
m faistirst mod prixyear. 

Martin Bnatie aad Ken 
Tyirdl were understandably 
elated at seeming fifth place, 
especially as they wcee fieUSng 
last rear’s car (the first of the 


time for the Spanish Grand 


be ready in 
and Prix 


on April 13L 

Stxciff was only jret out of the 
points m seventh P«<* 

^Oulv one other team 
-I WT- whose th.fd 

were confinnawm 
rhuEtte French team s dramatic 

^ second lUHlrh^ ¥ 

places in Anstntlia) was smtiam- 
able- With die Brabtom 
suffering* 

rt>au struggle W develop tw*r 
or. LWjr h-« 
assumed the mantle of Pirelli s 
fhntf-remning team. 

For the Marlboro McLaren 
w«rn to lose both rire&r cars with 
engine trouble was a ra *S t °^ c,, f' 
rence indeed and one wilikrfyW 
be repeated for a tong one. Oto 

the bright side, their two chassis 

were haodling as wdl as evw. 
Prosi’s economy of ® 

particular, being a joy to ob- 
serve. Equally eoconragm* for 
Ferrari enthusiasts was the 
performance of the, ghta* 1 
turn's latest car nnol Stefan 

Johansson's ended up » *ne 
sand after brake problems and ± 
Mkhefi AUweto's was parked 
off the circuit with engine 
trouble. 

One unanswered question w*s 
Whether the Fervaris would have 
ran out of fuel tod they re- 
mained reliable for tbe fmi 
distance- Pre-race pessimism m 
the pit road suggested they 
would not (unless this was a 
piece of gamesmanship). But 
dearly the reduction of fuel 
capacity from 22ft lo 195 litres 
posed no insurmountable prob- 
lems tor tbe winning team; tbe 
results reveal that Piquet com- 
pleted tbe 61-lap race almost 
two minutes quicker than Amin 
Frost's winning time last year. 


ICE HOCKEY 



ground on run-in 


By a Special Correspondent 
Nottingham Panthers had tbe In response, Streatitaiii tri«J 


perfect weekend — they sax it 
out while their nearest rivals for 
the sixth and final play-off 
position in the premier division 
of ' the Heineken- League im- 
proved thingsforihcm. 

Sfreatham Redskins had an- 
other fruitless weekend In Scot- 
land. The absence of seven 
regulars through injury, illness, 
suspension and international 
calls gave them some excuse, 
but defeats at Ayr and 
MmrayfieW left them trailing 
Panthers, who have a game in 
hand, by one point. 

. Things had looked promising 
at- Ayr, with Redskins leading 6- 
4. But. for the second week, Ayr 
triumphed on a technicality. 
They alleged that Jcff Smith, the 
visitors'goaltender, was wearing 
illegal pads. When measured, 
the pads were found tb be 5mm 
too wide, which led to a' penalty 
for Smith and his replacement 
by Gary Brine: - .* •; - 


tbcs&roeptoy. John McGlone's 
pads were legal, however, so that 
was another penalty , against 
Redskins and. during the result- 
ing power play. Bnrias scored 
three goals to win the gfoot.. " 
Sunday was noT Snch a good 
dajr for Ayr,' with Fife Fivers 
beating them for the first time 
this -season.. This -success , for 
fifth-placed Flyers followed a 
home win over Peterborough 
and they arc now wiihm a point 
of Ayr with a game in band. 


RESULTS: Pramtor rihWoa: Ayr Bruin 7 
Streamam RwstOns ft Ctovwapa Borro- 
ws 5 Dundee Aockats 14: Fu» FWere It 
Patartwrouai Piratn ft MvnwMri Rao- 
er» 10 WNoay warriors 8: Aar Brains 3 
F3e Ryars 7: Dundee Vtocftets 16 FUar- 


txrDUjjf) Pinrtw 5; McorartukJ Rkws 9 
Streamam ..Radsknu e.DMsten 


BASKETBALL 


Two good 
signs for 


Kingston 


By Nicholas Harfing 


'• By signh^ contracts for a 
further two years. Steve 
Bontrager sid Don Davis 
should this week end -specula- 
tion that they are about to move 
on from Team PofyreB Kings- 
ton. other for home in the 
United States or (brother first 
division dubs •’ 

Dennis Roach, the chairman 
of the dub who ai the weekend 
added the championship trophy 
to the Prudential National Cup 
they retained in January, is * 
anxious to keep his Araencans 
and his squad together. The only 
doubts concern the future of the 
coach. Maicolm Chamberlain. 


Crowroe CWefc 5 
ShefMd Safinas 6 


1Z A t Mheh m Aa»4 Lae WilnUm 
BcKvnomoutb Stags 7 TeAort Tigers 9: 


Glasgow DynamoM I2"8tickpool 
Seaguila 7; So ®a# Barons it fUcbmonb 
Fl^sZ ... ... ^ , 


and the England intcmauonal 


HOCKEY 


UAU’s threat 
to London 


London begin the defence of 
their British Universities’ 
Sports Federation title when 
they meet Northern lrdand at 
Loi^b borough today (Sydney 
Friskin^ writes). With a fast and , 
resourceful forward line led by 
Robert - Thompson, • London 
should be hairi to beat - • ’ ; 

On the basis of the season’s .' 
results. /London* ought to do 
better than both Oxford and 
Cambridge, but tbe senior UAU 
(Universities Athletic Union) 
team who were winners in 1984 
have come, in .with a strong 
challenge: : . 

London are grouped with 
UAU IL Oxford and Nonhem 
Ireland, UAU □ wifi*. Scotland, 
Cambridge and Wales. . 

HOCKEY ASSOCIATION CUP: aawMfcw l 
mar. Gvnock v SouBigato or Weitorc 


Wrig^bf out of 
reckoning 


Samantha Wri^M, an impres- 
sive performer for the Midlands 
in Ihe ; National 1 Westminster 
Bank.nnder-21 women’s teni- 
torial tournament, is a surprise 
omission from die triahsts to 
train for the international un- 
der-21 tournament in West 
Germany in Jane (Joyce Whit©- 
besd writes^. 

In beating die East, South and 
North, the^ Midlands banked on 
tiie strength of their right flank 
of Sixsmrth, Pickles and Lewis. 

■*TCfiiBEeas£fie 

LCarrihgtoa 





Martin Cla 
. Roach would like Chamber- 
fein to be able to spend more 
time with .the players but the 
coach's other job as leisure 
centres manager for the Royal 
Borough of Kingston-upon- 
Thames limits his opportu- 
nities. Nevertheless, be has now 


helped Kingston capture four of 
g dome 


the six big domestic trophies at 
stake over the past two seasons. 

The uncertainty over Clark 
derives from bis determination 
to .make the grade in the 
National Basketball Association t- 
m the United States. 

Kingston visit Solent tomor- 
row in the British Masters, a 
match which assumes extra 
irrelevance following Kingston's 
success at Wembley. 

It was probably the flattest 
Wembley ever. With neither 
Walkers Crisps Leicester, in the 
semi-final, nor Binninghain 
Bullets, in the final, extending 
them. Kingston won as they 
pleased. Most of the excitement 
revolved around Crystal Palace, 
whose losing semi-final with 
Birmingham was the highlight. 
Bubba Jennings then went on to 
score 60 points, a Wembley 
record, in the third-place match 
with Leicester and the dub's 
women completed a treble with 
theircup final victory over Avon 
Northampton. A' 


7 JO unless stated. . 
Second division _ ' 
Barnsley v Middlesbrough 
Portsmouth v Miffwafi. .. 


TODAY’S FIXTURES 


TWrd division . 

Bristol fl v WOtves (7 AS) . 
Bury v Swansea 
CarcSff-v Rotherham (7/45) 
Che s terf ie ld v.WateaM 
DarSngton v Bristol C ' 
Lincoln v Bolton 


Fourth division 

Colchester v Crewe 

Mansfield v Scunthorpe 

Swindon v Hartlepool 
Tranmere w Preston 
Wrexham v Akfarahbt 


Scottish premier division 

Hearts v 8t Minen 


agaHsasaAiBg 

Bgauaajasj 

Worthing v 
«st tfvteioR Harim v 

i ^fe -.aa8ag!'aa fc ; 

= United v Wembtoy „■ OxtorU 

Hartford. Smod dhtlsiM aootlc 

SKSl SSS®*£™?Slg ; 


mtwvftatt. 


aaaasfa"*® 


Scottish first division 
BrecWnv Afloa 
Falkirk v KOroambdc 
Montrose v Clyde. 

f^rtek v East Ffte 

Scottish second division. 

Albion v Queen of Sth (5.(9 
Cowdenbeath v Stranraer. 
flaJth v East Stirling ■ - 

St Johnstone v Stenhemuir 


SOUTmui LEMftg ; Prrantorahr totora 
BMingstol i g- » W Qraaaan Badworth v 
WB ariftaft Crawtoy » Snapped; Gravro- 
. entf v OxArakwa Ha and AvMoo: 
Banbury v tfedhosfcrd ; Biinw v 
Bridgnorth; Coventry Sporring v 

Th am » CftittrMaa City. 


LEAGUE: Burton v Mora- 

SEWSEasar: 

O^UJEAt^Rral Mara Loads 
v TOi Bforrj (7.QJ. Second dtAmiam 

v BlackpooUt.Ot: PraSn 
“ ff-Ok Rotnemam v Ycrt (7 o; 
B UIUMNQ SCENE EASTERN LEAGUE: 
v Harwich and ParHesftm: 

* WOMIurc RotftwM V 


NOlrrH , g^ CO UNTIES LEAtair^r^ 

vwum) wrt3 Ooun| r Lfla 9«* (»t 


Trfftfl). 


CLUB Ma5S? YUN,CW 

RUGBY LEAGUE - 

^Sgg? S,0H: Bratforo Northern 


Entertainments 


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prow Doors open Daiftr l .is. 
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in Advance, acrn and 'VHa - 
phone bookings wenome. Cred- 
it Hot Line 639 19*4. 34 hour 
sendee. £2-00 Mb Avatuuo - 
Monday M oerfe. • ; ' ■■ 


CtMZtM NUl UOHsraBtst^Z 
AtmurW1.0I499480srwg 

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Rtrirord. m/roF AnocA-as^ 
progs 1.00. 4.1Q. ?.4S. Frl/Sat 

11.16. iwat ftooknoto cor. 
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aTS^ AJSopSaRiBt^ 


'EXHIBITIONS 




Aqm 


A 


•v -1 - 






•v: 




.rf i. 



and radio programmes 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Christopher Davalle 






BBC 1 


: 6.00 Cootax AM. Nows 
-A' headHna*. weather, travel 

' vi. and sports bulletins. 

V) 6L50 Pf e aWaar nme with Frank 

.» Bough and Debbie 

- ■ Greenwood. Weatherat 

1 * B£5. 745, 7.55, 845 and * 

8.55; regional news, 
weather and traffic at fi. 57 . 
7.27, 7.57 and B.27; . 

national and international 
news at 7.00, 7.30, 84)0. 

A 8-30 and 94)0; sport at 

• 7 .20 and B4tQ; and a 
'•» - - review of the morning 

, newspapers at B£7. Plus 

the funfor and a du ft Advice 

- Unes; Alan TMchmarsh 
with gardening advice; 
Glynn Christian with a 

■ red pa: and Bob Friend 
« > . . reporting from Hottywood 

on the Oscar awards 
rf : winners. 

„ Ji 020 Ceetax 1CL30 Ptay School 
V- with Elizabeth Watts and 

* v ^uest Wa^e Jackman (r) 

• ^ f2,t5The Gospel According to 

'St Matthew. The second 
; ; of seven fama with Peter 

? v' Barkworth. 

!2J0 News After Noon with 
•w Frances Coverdala and 

David Davies includes 
v' ? news headlines with 

; subtitles 1255 Regional 

a t news. The weather details 

■: come from BiO Giles. .. 

*’ \ 14» PabhMMH atOne. Bob 
^ Langley talks to Jeffrey 

Meyers about the 

iSWf unpublished documents 

on Ernest Hemingway he 
, discovered; artist Ashley 

> -Jackson assesses the 

- , . artistic tafents of actor 

Lionel Jeffries; and there 
t is a song from George 

' • •' Hamilton IV 1.45 Chock-o- 

» Block. A See-Saw . 

- - pprogramme for the very 

; young (r) 

- ZOO The Goode Kitchen - 

Shirley Goode announces 
t . the winners of her cookery 

t competition; and prepares 

- a feast of taramasalata. 

>. savoury crackers, kebabs 

j , and rice, fbHowed by a 

- meringue and curd cheese 

'-s. (fetfght 2.15 The Parent 

:/ 2 *. ' Programme. The last 

- programme in the series 

^ about citing with tile 

t under fives 230 Ceetax 

‘ 152 Regional news. 

• ’ 155 Pigeon Street For the 

very young, (r) 44)5 
Dastardly and Mutttey. 
Cartoon series (r) 4.15 . 

' ' Jackanory. John Grant 

reads part two of his story 
' Uttlenose and Two-Eyes 

- , 4w30Bananaman Cartoon 

4.35 Think IL.D 0 K1 
Johnny Ball continues his' 
l ■ series about jobs in the 

; ’ future. ■ • 

5.00 -John Craven's - • 

Nawsiwmtf&JO Grange 
HU). The penultimate 
episode of the serial and 
mystery surrounds Ant 
Jones. (Ceefax) 5-35 Self 
Harris Cartoon Time. 

6.00 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas WiteheH. 

' * ; Weather. 

6 35 London Phis. 

’• : 7JQQ Monday, introduced by 
- Cliff Mteftehnore. John 

Carter takes a coach trip 
touring the Old West of the 




reports from Kerry; and 
Chff ffichefcnore receives 
advice on bow to thwart 
airport criminate. 

7.30 EaatEndera. Ethel's and 
Dot's contributions to the 
carnival preparations do 
not go as planned, 
f Ceefax) 

84)0 One By One. The hold-up 
in the bidding of the y- 
dolphinariuin means that 
the dolphins have to be 


Nice where 
up a friendship with an 
American dolphin trainer, 
Sindy-Lou Hams, (r) 



6.50 Dnigwatch Update with 
Esther Rantzen. 

9.00 News with Juba SomarvSe 
and Andrew Harvey. 

• weather. 

930 The 1986 Oscara. 

Highlights of the awards 
ceremony, introduced by 
Barry Norman. 

1130 The Gospel According to 
St Matthew. The second 
of seven films featuring 
Pater Baricworth. A repeat 


. 9-25 Themes news headlines 
followed by Nature of 

Things. A profile of the . 
polar bear 935 Polar - '' 

Regions: Hunters and 
Herders. The life-styles of 
the Alaskan Eskimo and 
the Laplanders. 

10.10 Voyage to the Bottom of 
the Sea: Aliens invade 
- Earth and try to takeover. 

. an underwater atomic 
‘ base, biit Admiral Nelson 
is equal to the task. 

Starring Richard Basehart 
W 1035 Cartoon Time 
featuring Courageous Cat 
114)5 Fireball XL5* *. 

Sctence fiction 
adventures, (r) 

1130 About Britain. Continuing 
his Journey along the 
Ulster Way, Michael Duffy 
visits the largest eel 
fishery In Europe. . 

124 X) Sutton Moon. Puppet 
adventures of the spoon 
family 12.1H8Rainbow. ^ 

1-00 News at One with Leonard - 
. Parkin 1.20 Thames news. 

130 Fifty, Fifty. A new series 
begins with the two lady 
. detectives Investigating a 
flashy hairdresser who 
may be blackmailing hte ■ 
clients. -' 

230 Daytime. Page Three Girte 
-Should They Be Banned? 
A studio discussion 
: including MPs Clare Short 
and Nicholas Fairbaim; 
journalist Anthony Holden; 
psychiatrist Jane Firbank; 
and a selection of Page 
Three girls. 3M 
Mouttittap. Comedy game 
show. The guests are 
Debbie Rrx and Meivyn 
Hayes. 335 Tharaea news 
headlines 330 The Young 
. Doctors. 

4JQ0 Button Moon. A repeat of 
the programme shown at 
. noon 4*10 James the CaL 
. .Cartoon series 430 The 
.Wind in the 
WBowsJOracte) 4«45 
splash. Children's 
magazine programme. 

5.15 Connections. ' 

535 News with Michael ' 

. . Nicholson 6J0 Thames 

R(VMt ... 

635 Reporting London. Bill ' 
Wigmore meets rnerfical 
' students who are forced to 
team their bedside 
manners by video because 
of hospital ward dostros. 

74)0 Em ma n W e Farm. Joe 
Sugden returns to 
Beckindale. 

730 Busman's Holiday. Julian 
" Pettifer introduces another 
round of the quiz game tor 
teams. (Oracle) 

64)0 Magnum. The second and 
. final part of the drama in 
wWcn the private detective 
becomes involved wfih .. 
beautiful twin sisters. 

8,00 Boon. Ken reluctantly 
agrees to 'mind' a heB- - 
rawing former footballer 
who is taking part in a 
charity football match. 


Doa McCaUhc Home Front-On 
BBC 935mn. 


• HOME FRONT (BBC2, 

935pm) Is-a first essay in moving 
pictures by the state 
photographer; Don McCuIRn. 
Having made his name on the 
batttenslds of the world, McCidHn 
comes back to Britain for a 
personal portrait of our island 
now. Given McCu Bin's 
concern with the squalid 
underside of the human 
condition, it is no surprise that he 
looks for his images among 
the slums of Bradford and the 
down and outs of the London . 
East End. The programme is 
presented without comment 
or commentary but McCuUln's 
anger at the damp, peeling 
rooms and poor wretches forced 
to scavenge for their next 
meal is obvious enough. It often 
recalls those bleak 
documentaries of the 1 930s with 
McCuitin as a latter-day 


CHOICE 


Orwell, taking Ns own road to 
Wigan Pier. The picture may 
be selective. But it constantly 
raises tf» question of tow 

people In a supposedly 

prosperous welfare state 
come to be Irving, In McCuttin's 
phrase, "on the edge of 
living". 

• DEAD MEN DON'T WEAR 
PLAID (Channel 4. 9pm) is a 
television premiere of Carl 
Reiner's 1981 spoof on the 
Hottywood private eye movie. 
Taking an archetypal fOm noir 
plot - private detective hired 
by attractive girl to investigate 
her father's death - Reiner 
intercuts the action with cfips 
from classic thrillers of the 
1940s so that our hero (played by 


Steve Martin) rubs celluloid 
shoulders with the Ekes of 
Barbara Stanwyck, 

Humphrey Bogart, Alan Ladd 
and Joan Crawford. If the 
device sometimes promises 
more than It delivers, we are 
still left with a marvellous 
anthology of vintage 
Hollywood. 

• SEMANA SANTA (Radio 4. 
8.30pm) is the sort of subject that 
seems to cry out for pictures 
and yet is done so imaginatively 
that we are soon composing 
the images for ourselves. The 
actor Trader Faulkner, is our 
guide to one of the world's most 
spectacular religious festivals 
which takes place from Palm 
Sunday to Good Fnday in the 
Spanish city of Seville. . 

Peter Waymark 


104)9 News at Ten with Alastair 
Burnet and Pamela 
Armstrong. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 
headlines. 

1030 ’No Pay, No Prospects, 
NotMuch Pleasure’ Chris 
Bonington introduces a 
documentary tan the 
. exploits of adventurer and 
explorer, H.W.‘BilP Tltman. 
(Oracle) . . 

1130 Fane Dangerous Cargo* 

' (1954) starring Jack 
Watting and Susan 
Stephen. An airport 
security guard is tricked in 
a racketeer and 
into 


M f-A 


shipment Directed by 
John Harlow. 

1235 The Madonna and fte 
Magdalen. What kind of 
woman was the Virgin 
Mary? Ends at 1235. 


Suftavan. Drama, set m 
1935 Germany, about the 
rise of Naztem and the 
effect this has on 

pro fe ssor and 
Directed by 




530 The Grain Run. Pete 
Morgan continues Ns 
-. travels by barge and boat 

v^Sthetow®^ 8 
supplied their northern 
garrisons. This week he Is 
on the Fbssdyke near 
• SaxDby in Lincolnshire 
' before moving on to the 
- Ch e st erfiel d canal. (First 
. shown on BBC North) 

64)0 No Limits. This final 
programme of the rock 
music series features 
highlights from previous 
shows, requested by 

y|0WQf3 

630 JonJ Jones. The fifth and 
final episode of the drama 
“ serial and Joni is sort to a 
private boartfng school In 
Erigland: 

• 730 Color Rhapsody. The 
: Wise Owi, a Columbia 
cartoon. ’ 

730 The Money Makers. 
Reporter- David Lomax 
meets Russl Mody. indie's 
best-known businessman. 
He is the head of the TATA 
Steel Works, which has 
been strke-free since 
■1928. 

84K) South East Report*. Fran 
Morrisson reports on the 
crisis facing the south 
east's hearth authorities 
brought on by government 
cutbacks. 

830 StarahoL The first ola 
two-oart day pigeon 

~ shooting competition from 

the gounds or Haver . 

. . Castle in Kent, for the . . 

Budweiser Trophy. Jackie 


' Cowler, and John Watson 
teams up with Barry 
Simpson. 

94)0 l, Cfeudhm. Episode tan 
andQayffius, happily 
married to Mesaawia. is 
surprised to be proclaimed 
Emperor by the Praetorian 
Guard after the 
assassination of CaTiguta. 

935 krone: Horae Front Don 
- McCuVn’s portraits of 

■ Bradford. Hartow and East 

Lo ndon, Ms first fHm 
commission. 

1035 Newsnlgbt includes a 
report from Barbados on 
the fourth day's play in the 
Test Match between the 
West Indies and England. 

1135 Weather. 

1130 Articles of Faith with the 
Rev Rosemary WakeSn. (r) 

124)5 Open University: 

Contemporary issues (n 
Education -Where Sunday 
Survives. Ends at 1235 


CHANNEL 4 


230 Ftae Rumba* (1935) 
starring George Raft and 
' Carole Lombard. A 
' musical drama about a 
night dub (fencer In Cuba 
and hb romance with a 
. wealthy New York 
soda 8 t& Directed by 
Marion Gerino. 

335 Years Ahead. The last 
programme of the 
magazine series for the 
older viewer, introduced 
. by Robert Dougall. Among 
the items are Paul Lewis 
Summarising the pension 
changes announced In last 
week s Budget and a 
report on an over-60s 

health week 

430 Countdown. The first 
semifinal of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
game. 

54)0 Bewitched. Darrin is told 
that a prospective new 

dient is impressed by a 
forceful approach, but his 
attempts at forcefulness 
are threatened by Ns 
mother-in-law's escort 

530 Mora Than Meets the Eye. 

• The fifth Of Six 
programmes on flowers 
ana ftower arranging, 
written and presented by 
Sue Philips. Among the 
items this week is a look at 
masterpieces of earty 
floral art (Oracle} 

6.00 Pop the Question. Pop 
music nostalgia quiz- The 

regular team captains - 

Chris Tarrant and David 
Hamilton - are joined by 
Jeremy Pascal). Jan 
Ravens. Sara HoUamby 
and Peter StringfeUow. 

530 Danger Man" British 
intelligence agent, John' 
Drake, is in Hong Kong on 
the trail of an information 
leak. Starring Patrick 
McGoohan and Rupert . 
Davies. 

74)0 Channel 4 News with 

Peter Stesoos and Alastair 
Stewart Indudes a report 
on education In Germany 
where industry's 

requirements ptay a major 
role ki the curriculum. 

730 Comment from literary 
critic, Jacquelne Rose. 
Weather. 

930 Broefcskta Thinking that 
Sandra is pregnant Pat 
offers to marry her. 

830 4 What It's Worth 
presented by Penny 
Junor. John Stoneborough 
- continues an investigation 
into a repair company; BiR 
■ . Breckon reports on . ; 
diogrem; and David 

. Stafford dtacovers the 
. best buys In steptadder*. 

94)0 Fflm: Dead Man Don't 

. .Wear Plaid* (1981) 

starring Steve Martin as a 
private detective in this 
comedy thrfflerdedfcated 
to the memory of the 
Forties' gangster movies. 
He Is hired by a young 

woman to investigate the 
mysterious death of her 
. scientist father. The film 

Indudea dips from old 
movies starring, among 
others, Alan Ladd, 
Barbara Stanwyck, 
Veronica Lake, Humphrey 
Bogart and Charles 
Laughton. Directed by Car 
Reiner, (see Choice) 

10.40 The Tube. A repeat of last 
Friday’s programme whld 
featured an Interview with 
David Bowie and a 
preview of the new film, 
Absolute Beginners. Ends 
at 1235. 


Radio 4 


535am Shipping 6.00 News; 
Weather 6.10 Farming 


unguarded observations (S) 
730 News 


635 Prayer for the Day (s) 830 Medicine Now 

oday, ind 630, 730, Watts reports 

30 News. 6.45 hearth of med 


630 Today, ind 630, 730, 

830 News. 6.45 
Business News. 635, 735 
Weather. 74)0-84)0 
Today's News. 730 Your 
. Letters. 735, 125 Sport. 
7.45 Thought for the Day. 
835 Yesterdayta 
Parliament 837 Weather 
Travel 100 News 
105 Tuesday Calk 01 -580- 
4411. Listeners' chance 
to express views and 
question experts on a 
subject of current Interest 

104)0 News; From our Own 
Correspondent life and 
politics abroad. 

1030 All Stations to the Cross. 
Tafe by Robert Foxcroft 
(2) We Regret to Announce. 

1035 Dally Service from the 
Chapel of Lambeth 
Palace (s). 

114)0 News. Travel; Thirty 
Minute Theatre. Squiffy 
Oulu Quickly in the Heat by 


1133 The Legendary Living 
World. Treonq the woti 
in legend and bterature (s) 
1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer advice with 
PattieCoktweiL 
1237 My Word! Panel game 


Detvid Marshall (s) 

Tha Legendary Living 
World. Tracing the wot 


12* Sesame Street 1025 PBseWm 
ftos 1138-1130 

130-330 CtawWy 330£S1 

Quudoni ***** Swo md Dauonw* 

■n Closedown. 

GRAMPIAN 

Thing 830 Sesame Street 1030 
TeirehewM 1130-1130 Mroand Uenny 
1230 pm-1.00 Garter^ rime 130 
News 130-230 

Emmerdsla Farm 030 North TorigM 
635 Cmssroads 730-730 Shammy Oeti 
1130 New Avengers 1220am 
News, Closedown. 

ANGLIA SagSBSmta 


735 The Archers 
730 FHe on 4. Major issues at 
home and abroed. 

830 Medicine Now. Geoff 
Watts reports on the 
health of msefleal care. 

830 The Tuesday Feature: 
Semana Santa. The 
Spanish city ol SeviRe is 
transformed each year 
during Holy Week to depict 
the Passion of Christ 
Trader FauBuier reports. 
94K) In Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap, 
a 30 More Wrestling than 
Dancing. David Moreau 
recollects attempts to come 
to grips with We (2) 

Getting the Bird. 

935 Kaleidoscope: The rise of 
the gross cut comedy. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy written and 
read by Jonn le Carre (7) 

1030 The World Toteght 

11.15 The Financial work) 
Tonight 

1130 Today in Parliament 


\Y Ji ilKA 


VHF (avadable in England and 
S. Wales only) as above except 
535-64X)ain Weather; Travel 
135-200 For Schools: Listening 
Comer. 5L50-535 PM 
(continued) 11 30-1 2.10am Open 
University; 11.30 Open Forum: 
Student s Magazine. 1130 Reading 


Antonia Fraser and 
Denis Norden (s) 12J5S 
Weather Travel 

1.00 The Work) at One: News 

130 TheAchers135 
Slapping 

24)0 News; Jesus. Four-part 
dramatisation for Holy 
Week(s) 

245 The Enthusiasts. Alton 
Smith reports on various 
devotees (2) The 
Bookworms. 

200 News: The Afternoon 
Play. The Short Match by 
AS. Robertson (s)44)0 
News 

44)5 Communities in Crists. 
Looks at the 1980 
earthquake in southern Italy 
in which 3.000 people 
ded and 5004)00 made 
homeless. 

430 Kaleidoscope (r) 

54)0 PM: News magazine &50 
Shipping Forecast 535 
Weather 

64)0 News; Fin an dal Report 

630 Jarvis's Frayn (new 
series) A series of 


DOTH WALES 535pm-e30 

Wetes Today. US-730 The 
Chris Stuan Che Ch* Chet Show. 
1130-120Sem French Now. 1235-1220 
The Gosoel Accordng id St Me»- 
thew. 1230-123$ Newt and weaOwr. 
SCOTLAND 1030am-1030 
Dotaman.S35pm-7J0 n apo rtl n g Scot- 
tand.N0tm®*KBJUm535pi^ 

M0 Today'* Sport 540430 inside 
Ulster. 635-730 Ron Harris Cartoon 
rime. 1135-1140 News and weather. 
ENGLAND 1145em-1215pn East 
an Two (East only) S35-730 Regional 
news magattnes. 

S30(»U0 Prosbaig. BkkJUD 
■30po>U0 EMtACome m HeAg. 

uSda Body Talk. North • 

Gardener's Direct Una. North Eaat He- 
roes. North West The Past In Fbcus. 
Serti Exploring Gardara. Sutt Watt 
Aflhquas at Home Wear A3& An En- 



' Bournemouth Slnfonietta). 
B.00 News 84)5 Weber, orch 
Berlioz (Invitation to the 
Dance), Albinoni (Oboe 
Concerto m B flat. Op 9 
No 11: Pierre Pwlot). Haydn 
(Symphony No 101, in D. 

The Clock). 94)0 News 
94)5 This Week's Composer 
Elgar. Concert Overture: 

In the South (Alassio), Op 50. 
SNO/Gibson; Variations 
on an original theme (Enigma). 
Op 36, 

Ptiilhamionia/BflrbirolTi. 

104)0 Scottish National 


Orchestra, com) Sir 
Alexander Gibson. Saint 
Saens Symphonic Poem: 
Danse macabre, and 
Sibelius Symphony No 7. 

1030 Sacred and Prolane. 

Poulenc (La dame da 
Monte Carlo, tor soprano 
and orchestra). Rave! 
(Pavanne pour une Inlame 
dblunte), Poulenc iSept 
resports de renebre. for 
soprano, choir and 
orchestra. BBC Concert 
Orchestra and Smgars. 

Nan Christie (soprano). 

11.10 DeSaram Clarinet TriD. 
Phyllis Tate (Sonata for 
ciannet and cello). Benjamin 
Frankel (Pezzi 

E iantssimii, Kenneth 
aghton (Fantasy on an 
American hymn tune) (r) 

124)5 BBC Welsh Symphony 
Orchestra, cond Mariss 
Jansons. Part one: Weber's 
Overture: Euryanthe and 
Dvorak's Cello Concern In S 
minor. Op 104. 1.00 
News 

1.05 BBC Welsh SO: part two. 
Tcnaikovsky's 
Symphony No 3. In D 

1.S5 Guitar Encores. John - 
Mills. Torroba (Elega 
and CancioniOte. Sor 
(Variations on Folies 
d'Espagne). Eduardo Sainz 
la Maza ( Plate ro: B loco; 

La azotea: La muerto). 
Atberez (Rumour es da la 
caleta; Capncho Catalan). 
235 -7.15 (MW only) Cricket: 
Third Test Commentary 
on the fourth day of play 
between the West indies 
and England. 

235 English Music. Bax 
(Symphonic Poem: 

Tirrtagei. Chicago 


sift! 


have l done for my true love). 
PfMfip Cannon (Son of 
God), William Alwyn 
(Divertimento. Gareth 
Moms, flute), Holst (The 
Evening Watch. BBC 
Singers), Rubbra (Symphony 
N06. 

Ptvlharmonia/Groves). 

44)0 James Dower and John 
Lenenan (flute and ptano) 
live from Broadcasting 
House. Moscheies's 
Sonata Concertante in A 
major. Op 44: Gaubert's 
Nocturne and Allegro 
scherzando. and 
Hindemith's Sonata. 435 
News 

54)0 Manly for Pleasure. 
Presented by Geoffrey 
Norris. 

630 Music from the Mary 
Rose. English carols and 
ballads. Italian f rottote and 
French chansons.Emily 
van Evera (soprano). Nancy 
Hadden (flutes). Eric 
Headley (viola da 
gamba/fiddle), 

Christopher Wilson 
(lute/guitar).Robert 
Mounter (lute) 

7.15 Things That Happen, by 
Aadsn C Matthews, read 
by Tony Doyle. 

730 BBC Philharmonic 

Orchestra, cond Edward 
Downes, Erich Gruenberg 
(violin). BerthoM 
Goldschmidt (Violin 
Concerto), Alan Bush 
(Lascaux Symphony. First 
performance). 

835 Our Liberal Practitioners. 
Peter Scott editor of 
Times Higher Educational 
Supplement considers 
the attractions oftraditional 


schooling in Britain. 

America and Franca. 

930 Meivyn Tan plays a Graf 
tortepano of c 1822. 
Tomasek's Aflegro 
capncooso in C. Op 84 
No 2). Beethoven's Fantasia 
mGmmor.Op77. 

1030 Magnum Opus. Jazz 
concert raebrefings of 
music by Steve Barry and 
Django Bates, performed 
by Loose Tubes. 

11.15 Borodm and Haydn. 

Borodm Piano Trio in D 
(unfinished) and Haydn Trio 
in B Hat (H XV 20). 

Ronald Thomas (vtottn) 
Raphael Waltfisch (ceflo) 
Anthony Goidstone (piano). 
1137-1230 

VHF only. Open University from 
6.35-6 55am. Modem Arc 
peasants. 



1.00am Peter Dickson Nightride 
(s) 330-4.00 A Little Night Musk; (s) 


B 


Radio 1 


6.00am Andy Peebles 730 
Mike Read 930 Simon Ba t es 
1230pm Newsbeat (Frank 
Partridge) 1245 Gary Davies Ruv 
down ol this week's Top 40 
330 Steve Wnght 530 Newsbeat 
(Frank Partridge) 545 Bruno 
Brookes inci 630 review of the new 
Top 40 singles chart 730 
Janice Long, Ind 9.00 John 
Walter's Diary 1030-124)0 
John Peel is) 


WORLD SERVICE 


630 Nowsdesk 730 News 730 Tuonty- 
Four Hors 730 My Couwy m Mind 745 
network UK 830 News 839 Reflections 
8.15 I Wish I d Mm 630 The Music ol 
Behan) Rodney Bennett 930 News 139 
Review of me British Press 9.15 The 
World Today 930 Financial News 040 
Look Ahead 945 Whsrs New 1030 News 
1030 News 1031 Discovery 1030 Pride 
and Prnudce 1130 News 114)9 News 


About Britain 11.15 Wsvegudo 1135 
Lenar from Scottarv) 1200 Redo News- 
reel 1215 Promutes 1246 Sports 
Roundup 130 News 130 Twenty-Four 
Hours: News Sunmary 130 Newark UK 
1.45 Recording of the Week 230 Outlook 
245 English Song 330 Radio Newsreel 
115 A J5ly Good Show 430 Nsm 439 
commentary 4.15 OnrnWn 446 The 
WQrUToday 530 News 530 A Letter 
fromScofland 5.15 Meridian 130 News 
839 Twenty-Four Hoi*a 9.15 Internation- 
al Recital 1030 World News 1039 rite 
World Today 1036 A Letter from Scoriend 

1030 Financial News 1040 Reflections 
1045 Sports Roundup 1130 News 1139 
Commentary 11.15 rite Cteseto Atejms 
1130 Prostitutes 1230 News 124)9 News 
About Britain 1215 Radio Newsraei 1230 
OmntbuB 130 News 131 Outlook 130 
Report on Religion 145 Courriry Style 
UONtwi 239 Review ol the British 
Press 215 Orntar Interlude 230 Pndo end 
Prejudice 330 News 209 News About 
Bream 215 rile world Today 330 
Dteoovery430 Newsdesk 430 Waveguide 
040 Boc* Choua 545 The Wortd TtxMy 
(ai Ones hi GMT) 


REGIONAL TELEVISION VARIATIONS 





1135 Mike Hammer 1225 on 
Closedown 




Island 930 Groovy 


I'm Lost How Come 1 Found You 10J5 
Ride 1130 Home Cookery 1135 
About Britain 1130-1230 Blockbuster* 
1230 pm- 130 Gsroenmg rime 130 __ 
News 130-230 Tuesday Playhouse *.00 
Crossroads 635-730 News 1130 
Film: The Ringer (Herbert Loin) 1240 
Closedown. 

TOytl As London except 935 am 
Sesame Street i03S Foo Foo 
IttMCahtoma Wgnway 113S- 
11.30 PvebaUXLS- 1230 pm- LOOWkrp 
mCmonam 130-230 Fifty R tty 335- 
430 Sons and Daughters 5. IS Gus 
Honeybun 530-545 Crossroads 
630 Today Soutn West 635 Televiews 
630 Emmerdate Farm 730-930 
Rhr Hour of the Gun (James Gamer) 
1130 Postscript 1L2S Show Ex- 
press 11-56 Closedown. 

GRANADA AsLondonex- 

glmilftlf.H eapt 935 on Rfcre 
Corsican Brothers |Douglas Far- 
banks Jr) 1135-11.30 Matt and Jenny 
130 pm Grenada Rbpohs 130 
Scarcrow and Mrs King 235-230 Home 
Cookery 330 Thai'S Hotywood 335 
Granada Reports 330-430 Sons and 
Daughters 630 Granada Reports 
B30Ths Is Your Right 635-730 Cross- 
roads 1130 Man in ■ Surtcase 1230 
am CJosdown. 

SCOTTISH A® London ex- 
pUUI 1 !on cept93S am Sesame 
' Street 1035 Otnerworid 1130-1130 
Adventures of tne Blue Knigiit 1230 pm - 
130 qaroenmg rime 1.20 news 130- 
230 Return 01 the Saint 330-430 Sons 
and Daughters 5.15-5.45 Emmerdale 
Fann 630 News and Scottand Today 635 
Crossroads 730-730 Taka the Hjah 
Roed 6.00-930 Hotel 1130 Late Call 


130 Abce230 FfatabeiemZIS 


interval 335 Uvmo Body 335 Shake- 
speare Lives 435 Bewitched 4^5 Manner 
awr Fawr 530 Unforgettable 630 
iWnstcn CftimXxtt - me Valiant Vaam 030 
Owydro rCtedrau 645 Sloe Stared _ 
730 NBwydiSon Salth 730 Byd y CreMlwr 
E35 Treasure Hum 9.05 Abmd 
1030 lesu Ddoe « Heddlw 1030 About 
Men 1130 F*n: OracutBS Deugnisr* 
1245 am dosedown. 

ORKSHfRE ffiyS"”- 

Eioovie GhoiAes 930 immortal Hari- 






ENTERTAINMENTS 











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32 


TUESDAY MARCH 25 1986 


THE ili TIMES 


SPORT 



En 



of luck and 



of touch 


From John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent, Barbados 


Before the present Test 
series started Vivian Rich- 
ards. the West Indian captain, 
let it be known how thankful 
he was that he would Dot 
himself be spending the next 
two monLhs facing the West 
Indian fast bowlers. 

He said so not as propagan- 
da, but out of a genuine 
understanding of what lay 
ahead of England's batsmen 
and the likely effect it would 
have on them, as it probably 
would on him. Sunday's play 
here in the third Test provided 
a prime example of wbat he 
meant 

When it ended, thousands 
of England's supporters, some 
of whom had been saving up 
for years to come to Barbados 
for the match, were shocked 
by what they had seen. To 
niany of them, the technical 
and psychological problems of 
playing Garner. Marshall. 
Holding and Patterson for 
hours on end are a closed 
book. 

But what in fact they had 
witnessed was a morning's 
bowling which no batsman 
that I know would have 
wanted to back himself to 
survive, and an evening when 
the demoralizing effect of 
facing non-stop high-class fast 
bowling was grimly apparent 

.As England showed against 
Australia last summer, they 
can be a very good batting 
side. As such, they should 
obviously bave been capable 
of scoring the 119 runs they 
needed now, with nine wickets 
in hand, to save the follow-on 
and so extend the match. 

Instead shaken by their 
previous failures, disconcert- 
ed by finding conditions so 
much in favour of the bowlers 
and badly out of form, they 
felled by 30 runs. Against their 
own bowling, or Australia's, it 
would have been a different 
matter, a different game. 

Sad as it undoubtedly was. 


there was also a technical 
explanation for England's first 
innings collapse. One local 
pundit, a West Indian Test 
cricketer, said be reckoned 
that perhaps only once a year 
would he see the ball move 
about as it did on Sunday 
morning. 

An uneven bounce only 
added to the difficulties of 


match and Test cricket is, as it 
should be, a hard game. 

Yet Gower still got out to 
one of his off-side swishes and 


Botham played an innings 
lort of a 


which was nothing short 
travesty. Botham is a special 
case at the moment. I suppose. 


in a sense, he always has been, 
nen 


batting. England's second fail- 
ure of the day. after lea, was 


due much more to a lack of 
spirit, and it was because of 


Scoreboard 


WEST INDES: Hr* Innings 41« (R B 
Richardson 160. D L Haynes 64. 1 V A 
Richards 51; J G Thomas 4-70, N A 
Foster 3-78) 

ENGLAND: Hr* Innings 160 (G A Gooch 
53.*DiOower66;MDManhan4-4Z.BP 
Patterson 3-54), 

Second Innings 

G A Gooch b Patterson — 11 

RT Robinson b Patterson 43 

*D I Gower e Manha 6 b Gamer - — 23 

P Wiley to* banner 17 

A J Lamb c and b Hohfing 6 

PH Edmonds not oat 3 


I T Botham c Oufon b Gamer 
- i Into 8) 


21 
- 8 


Total (8 wtts) 


132 


fP R DoafflftM, J E Bnhorwy, N A Foatar 
and J G Thomas to bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-48. 2-71. 3-94, 4- 
108. 5-108, 0*132. 

BOWLING: Marshall 5-0-27-0. Gamer 
B-2-2-34-3. Patterson 7-2-18-2. HokSng 
8-0-48-1, Richards 4-1-7-0. 

Ump ir e s : D M Archer and L Baker. 


this that it was so hard to bear. 

I have seen exactly the same 
thing happen to an Australian 
side in South Africa (1969-70), 
an England side in Australia 
11974-75) and a West Indian 
side in Australia <1975-76). 
always because one side has 
been strong in fast bowling 
and the other not. It is horrible 
when it occurs, not least 
because the symptoms are so 
lowering. 

In the last hour on Sunday 


England played as though they 


had lost heart. Batting was sti 
far from .straightforward. But 
Engjand were in desperate 
straits, and this was a Test 


He is under the fiercest pres- 
sure, much of which, it is true, 
he has brought upon himself 

He bas bent vilified beyond 
all acceptable limits in the 
press; he is to be investigated 
bv the police for possible drug 
offences on his great walk 
from John O'Groats to Land's 
End; his cricket has gone to 
pieces and there is no-one here 
to give him the leadership and 
encouragement be desperately 
needs. 

On Sunday evening, when 
Botham went in at 108 for 
four with 20 minutes left, 
Gower said nothing to him. 
But why not? “Now come on, 
Ian, you've got to be there at 
the dose. We've a rest day 
tomorrow and if we're still 
only four wickets down to- 
night you can go and get us a 
great hundred on Tuesday." 

There was nothing like that 
— and Botham just went in 
and slogged. Cheered most of 
the way to the wicket by the 
English' contingent, he came 
off in silence when, in the last 
over, he was caught at the 
wicket. 

It is hard enough at the best 
of times playing the West 
Indian fast bowlers. To try 
and do so with so much on his 
mind as Botham has. and with 
no-one to help him sort it out, 
is, as we saw, the recipe for a 
brainstorm. It was like some 
Greek drama, as melancholy 
in its way as anything I have 
ever seen on a cricket field. 
The best place for him at the 
moment might be at home, 
just trying to son things out. 

In Australia later this year it 
will all be much easier, I 



A word in Botham's ear, butGower has failed to talk the all-rounder out of his disappointlng speU 


expect Touts to the West 
Indies have . become unlike 
any others. But that is no 
reason, pompous though it 
may sound, for overlooking 
the need for the qualities that 
make an officer, and for others 
that make a company sergeant 
major and others a good 
coach. 

David Gower spoke quietly 
and thoughtfully yesterday of 
the problems and the 


disappointments. On reflec- 
tion he says he would have 
liked to have batted first. He 
asked the head groundsman 
before the match, as I did, 
what be thought of the pilch 
and got the same answer : “It 
will be no place for batting on 
the first morning." 

So he did as most others 
would have done, armed with 
such advice,, and fielded. It 
gave England their best chance 


of taking the initiative, but in 
the event they bowled pooriy. 
“We have to ' make such 
decisions on the first morning 
of the match, not the morning 
of the rest day,” he said. “My 
style of captaincy has not 
changed since last summer 
and it was good enough then. I 
shall be having a word with 
tiie team to say that pride 
matters and we've still got a 
tour to finish. 


“They can sink to whatever 
low depths they tike and it 
won't help them. It’s not a 
question of packing. np_ and 
going through the motions. 
There’s no future in throwing, 
in even a hand toweL If we 
were to do that the last three or 
four weeks would seem Eke 
three or four yeara." _ . ' 


I have a nasty feefingthey 
, may do anyway. . . >. 


OLYMPIC BOOST FOR CITY 


Birmingham selected 
for new indoor arena 


Birmingham's ambition to 
stage the 1992 Olympic 
Games was given a boost 
yesterday when the city was 
chosen for the site of Britain's 
first national indoor sports 
arena. 

The Sports Council chose 
Birmingham in preference to 
Manchester. Milton Keynes 
and two sites in London. The 
decision means that if the 
details for the Birmingham 
scheme are agreed, the project 
will get a grant of £3 million 
towards the £1 S million cost. 

The arena, which would 


hold 8.000 spectators, is 
planned for the city centre and 
would be linked to a confer- 
ence centre. Work could start 
next year and although Sports 
Council officials insisted that 
Birmingham had not been 
picked because of the possibil- 
ity of the Olympic Games 
being held in the city, the 
arena should be finished be- 
fore 1991 

The Sports Council are also 
prepared to give financial help 
to the London Dome — a 
sports arena planned for 
London's dockland 


BADMINTON 


Downey to 
remain 
in charge 




CLEAR ALL EXISTING 
COMMITMENTS 
Start afivek 
A pay out lea! 

A -and have 
V spars cash 
kv to buy what 
you want 



NOTHING TO REPAY 
FOR THREE MONTHS 


On fur Plan f\ £1.600 £25,000. 


Normally payments am made nmitMy but this easy tc read 
pha uses WEEKLY EQUIVALENTS 


Pba Ammr 


tOyis 
£1,500 E&85 
£Z500 £11.41 
£4,000 £18-23 
£6.000 £2435 
£11000 £35.71 
£11080 £5150 


7#tis 

£7.54 

£12.73 

E1&3S 

£27.57 

£41.42 

£ 02.12 


5yn 

£941 

£1169 

S23JBB 

I34J2 

£5353 

£00-29 


3fT5 
£1122 
£2244 
£33JH 
£4151 
<® SPP- 
onapp. 


APR 

21.7% 

21.7% 

116% 

184% 

144% 

144% 


IwetwtJ nuy mf. OUwf moans and repaynmt periods on raqsaL 

SPECIAL PlAKS. Wb haw other Plans for recant buyers of hones, 
ind Council houses, or in unusual circumstances, 
j Also SELF-EMPLOYED SCHEME - up to £7,500, without accounts. 


PLAft E. E 5.100 uDwsrtfs, ft* home extensions, secured on 
mortgage-tow properly, mm. value £20,000. Ecu £10.000 over 60 
months v £232.58 = £13,&5i.80icrt»l tfxrf. KKJrta). APR 14.9% 
PLAN D. £3.000 to £10,000, any purpose sacunxJ on mortgage- 
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050.41 * C9.024.B0 total, met caprtS. APR W-BW 

PLAN F. £1.500 to £25000. any purpose. MWOd on property. Eg. 
C 3.000 * 60 months » £81.79 = E49G7.40 total, ind. capital. 

APR 21.7% 


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WWO»fr.S»tY.n4H»m 




^NOTTINGHAM 


( 0602 ) 622444 

UPT08PMWCL.SUKUIYSOR 

R0TTwfiH4.ii man wm if mo mpit 


. 132 D'.-rby Sooci, Nottingham 


Jake Downey, who has been 
under fire from his top players 
in recent weeks, is to cany on 
as the England manager. ' 

Nine tea ding players bad 
petitioned for Downey's re- 
moval from the -post, but 
yesterday the Badminton As- 
sociation of England’s execu- 
tive committee announced a 
unanimous vote of confidence 
in the manager — who win 
lead the team to both the 
European and world team 
championships. 

Significant changes have 
been made, however, among 
them the inclusion of a sup- 
porting managerial team 
made up of a selector and a 
coach for both events. Invita- 
tions have also been extended 
to Nora Perry and Martin 
Dew, who were originally 
excluded by Downey because 
they refused to travel with the 
squad to the world team 
championships in Indonesia. 

The selectors also arranged, 
against Downey’s wishes, for 
the team to travel to Jakarta 
three days later than originally 
planned. Sadly the compro- 
mise may not work. Mrs 
Perry. England's best known 
and most successful player in 
recent years, is still sticking by 
her statement that she mil not 
play for England while Dow- 
ney is in charge. Dew, mean- 
while, says he will travel five 
days later, sot three. 

Despite the problems, the 
manager is delighted with the 
vote of confidence. “Perhaps 
we can now get on with the 
business of winning," be said. 

There may, however, still be 
a twist or two'to the tale. Some 
of the players are surprised 
that he has survived when 
they believed they had won 
the support of the selectors. 
Several expressed their disap- 
pointment at the outcome. 

Once again the two leading 
singles players, Steve 
Baddeley and Helen Troke, 
were outspoken. “We had 
hoped for more than this," 
Baddeley said, while Miss 
Troke. the European champi- 
on. described it as “a negative 
response". 

Two more controversial is- 
sues may present themselves. 
Firstly, if Mrs Perry sticks to 
her current stand then h is 
doubtful whether she will be 
able to play for England in the 
Commonwealth Games. Sec- 
ondly, the EBA has reiterated 
its belief that the manager's 
job be separated into two roles 
as soon as money is available. 
If that happens, then the 
players' wishes will have been 
answered. 


CROSS-COUNTRY 


Budd on way to greatness 


From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, NeucMtel 


Zola Budd is on her nay to 
becoming the greatest woman 
athlete in the history of cross- 
country running if she can 
survive the censure attached to 
her links with South Africa. 

Miss Budd’s second run- 
away victory in the world 
championships hoe came 
against less than top opposi- 
tion. But there is more than a 
suspicion that nmners such as 
Grate Wain and Ingrid 
Kristiansen, training for mara- 
thons, and Markka Pnica 
simply decided not to compete, 
tints avoiding a crashing de- 
feat by the youngster. 

Mrs Waite is one of two 
women who have won this 
championship on five occa- 
sions, the other being Doris 
Brown, of the United States, 
wt»o competed before the race 
became an official world 
championship and when there 
were only half a dozen coun- 
tries participating. In the 
women's race os Sunday 28 
countries took part 

Miss Budd has won twice is 
succession and is likely to 
continue tartil a similarly tal- 
ented runner emerges, be- 
cause Mary Slaney, the only 
woman athlete capable of 
beating Miss Bndd in this sort 
of race, will never risk her 


delicate legs hi cross-country 
competition. 

Miss Bndd will receive two 
athletics awards from. Prince 
Philip at Buckingham Palace 
tomorrow and then will no in 
the Five Mflb cross-country 
race near Milan next Saturday 
before returning to South Afri- 
ca for another lengthy period, 
The ties with her native land 
contributed to two official 
rebuffs for Miss Bndd in the 
last week. Her South African 
coach, Pieter Labusdiagne, 
and his wife, Karen, were 
refused permission to accom- 
pany her to the Palace, and, 
perhaps more pointedly for 
her athletics career, Lamine 
Diack. president of the Afri- 
can Amateur Athletic Confed- 
eration, refused to award Miss 
Bndd's gold medal on Sunday, 
saying, “as for. as I am 
concaved, she br a. South 
African." 

On the other hand, Miss 
Budd's Commonwealth 
Games aspirations, which are 
threatened by her absences 
from EogW, wQI not be 
brought question by the 
-Kenyans, one of the most 
prominert African members of 
the . Co mm o nwe alth. Isiah 
Kiptokat. the vice-chairman of 
the Kenyan AAA. who was 


even searching for Miss Bndd 
at the post-race banquet to 
have his photograph taka 
with her, said: We see no 
problem with Zola Bndd. She 
has been accepted as a British, 
citizen, and we accept ifet the 
country takes responsOrilitj 
for her," •••• _•> :ivv;f-y 

. Kiplakat was also fortheumr . 
rag on how bis naYteamtauf r 
achieved the ir supe rifl tive Tk> 
tory, with a virtual unknown* 
John Ngugi. winning mid four 
other Keayansfbushh^m the 
first mgtt out of a field of more 
than 30©- Like Miss Bndd, 
Ngugi enjoys the advantage of 
fearing been born and nurtured 
at altitude, which is an immea- 
surable help to long-distance 
. nmners. The Kenyans take the 
first 15 in their national 
championship, which is over 
.‘Y much tougher course than 
the world championships", ac- 
cording to ' Ktptokaf, to a 
framing camp situated at 
9,000 feet fin- one ntonth. 

A week ago, the fust nine in 
a six-kilometre race, half the 
world championship distance, 
were selecfed-for the Kenyan 
team. This squad system, also 
used by theJE^sopias-s and the 
Spanish, is sssnetising that the 
English have to consider seri- 
ously after equalling their 
lowest team place of eighth. 


SPORT IN BRIEF 


Penalty for 
Connors 


New York — Jimmy Con- 
nors has been fined $20,000 
dollars (£1 3,400) and suspend- 
ed for 10 weeks for defaulting 
in a match last month, the 
men's International Profes- 
sional Tennis Council {IPTC) 
announced yesterday. He 
therefore stands to miss the 
French Open starling on May 
26. 

Connors defaulted his semi- 
final match against Ivan Lendl 
in the Upton international at 
Boca Raton. Florida, and was 
notified of the IPTC decision 
last Monday, when he had 30 
daystoappeaL 

Connors is playing in a 
tournament in Chicago this 
week. If he began his suspen- 
sion immediately afterwards 
he would not be able to play 
again until the Queen's Dub 
tournament before 
Wimbledon, 



Damage at sea 


Perth — New Zealand’s two 
fibreglass America’? Cup 
yachts. New Zealand 1 I and 
New Zealand fl, were, dam- 
aged yesterday .when they 
collided in the Indian Ocean 
off Fremantle. 


Final victory 


Schuster: pursued 

Schuster lured 


Bromoot, Quebec (UPI) — . 
Paul From melt of Liechten- 
stein. won the parallel for the 
men and Vrern Schneider, of 
Switzerland, won for the wom- 
en in the final, Worid Cup 
skiing races on Sunday. The 
results had no beazing on final 
positions. • ‘ 


Hamburg (Reuter) — Ham- 
burg are trying to lure 
Barcelona’s unsettled West 
German midfielder, . Bond 
Schuster, back to West Ger- 
many, the Hamburg presi- 
dent Wolfgang Klein, said 
yesterday. 


More cash 

The prize money on the 


Scottish , golf circuit wifi efe 
ceed £300,00 


Getty’s gift 


Waller returns 


.Chris Waller, the former 
Sussex cricketer, has rejoined 
Surrey to captain the second' 
XI and help corch. 


Paul • Getty has donated 
£10,000 to Kent. County 
Cricket Cub's appeal fund to 
provide a multi-storey stand 
on the St Lawrence ground at 
Canterbury. The appeal has 
raised £150000. 


,000 for the firat 
time this year. -The Scottish 
region of the PGA, ; who 
announced details of tbeir 
to ornament schedule yester- 
day, raid that £336,000 will be. 
at stake; air increase " of 
£76,000 on l985.The“Tartan- 
Tour" surpassed £100,000' in 
I980and E2Q0.000 in 1983. 
The Drybroughs Scottish Prey 
fessfonai Championship runs 
from August 7.tb 10. 


GOLF ; 

: . ’.Rv .-vr •* 


Holders 

gOOttttO 

assistants 


' ~ By John Hennessy 

The freakish; weather in 
Berkshire; as elsewhere yesto* 
dgy; produced one particular- 
ly freakish result in the 
SunningdaleFoursomes — the 
defeat of the holders, Sam 
Torrance and John. O'Leary, 
Ryder Cup players both. 

. On. the face of il, their 
second round tie against two 
assistants on level terms (after 
a bye in the first round) had 
the makings of a gentle intro- 
duction to the main business 
of the week. But while they 
could not readily come to 
terms with the boisterous 
wind and uncomfortable cold, 
Gary Vautier (Downshire) 


and Ghary Steel (Wexham 
pitched into them com- 


Park)pitc 
mg home and despatched the 
champions with an unlikely 
birdie at the home hole. 

; The.' day" began 
unpropitiously tbr the 'senior 
pair when.Tonance lost a ball 
at the first hole. In spiteof that 
they reached the turn two up 
and the expected ‘pattern 
teemed to be. talrihg.shape_ It 
looked rather like a four and 
three touch, bb&tmgdowh. : 

.* Even losing tJte J 0th“ wilh a 
six, two over par, seemed not- 
to disturb them', for they won 
thenext hole with abiidiel Bat 
the l2ih extracted three putts 
and the 16th brought the pairs 
level again, when O’Leary 
drove short and Torrance 
hooked wide. • ■ _ 

After a fine:bunker shoi^ hy 
Vautier had raved the. 17th he 
droveon to foe first fejrway of 
the last tee.. Sited, newly 
turned professional had . no 
shot to the green bat: he find 
the final, shot in his iockief 
when he holed triumphantly 
from 15 feeL : - ... : \ 

The 1954 winners, Mary 
McKenna and Manreesf Gar- 
ner, feted better with a cush- 
ion of . nine foots . 

Dennis Newnham. (PfUdawn) 
and 'Michael Andrews 
(Hi^rwoodsX so 1 zzuidr better 
indeed that; fomr opponents 
could not look beyond them as 
Hedy : winners - 4hi$ week, 
Newnham, a PthdoWn assis- 
taut,thoiJgbt “someone would 
have . to play, under-par 
well under-pat. golf to 
them." ;v 
The women took advantage 
of foeir ■ stroke fcofesTahd 
played solid golf to preveni a 
masculine counter-uttariL. on- 
foe. remain Eng. b oles; - Even a - 
20-yard birdie putfat foeJ4th 
availed.; Newnham. nothing, 
for. only aneagfewould have 
kept the match aUve against a 
net four. f 


Test for 
Robson’s 
forward 
planning 


From Stuart Jones 
Football Ctoresponden 
Thfisi Soviet Unkm 



If Don Howe's own fntnre 
shrouded in dark canfesisa, 
there are three btock clouds <* 
flier horizon . for. the England 
team that he coaches. The 
manag er, Bobby Robson, ad- 
Batted yesterday that there 
were potential weaknesses n 

each area of foe skte thstwonid 

play against the Soviet Union 

We tomorrow. 

Robson raid he* would be 



. ^ -v 


looking for “the pace that is sn 
to os in defence” Thar 




lack of speed was ex- 
posed eariy on in Israel bsr 
month, is to be left dot is fhvoar 
probabty of Wright, eves 
thou^b his ofoer vnhierabflitks 
hare been paWifoy dear hi the 

. . “Oor defensive record ntateii- 
es any in the world," Robson 
daiinetL ^SSnoe I took over fear 
years agO' we have hot been 
done by more than two goals.” - 
Yet aftfaengb SiBton lias bees 
beaten only twice in the five 
so fax this sea- 
son, foe opposition has been 
relatively meagre and Robson 
conce^ esfoat “Wnmst defend ^ 

Hetealtelocdarigfor*^^^ 
ooe to play when Bryan Robson 
is not there”. - The captain 
con & med his value fa Tel Arif ' 
by scoring both goals; bat he 
'rentaiaes - prone to 

h rimy. He wffl be replaced fe 
inidfidd by BnceadL Cowans 
prolniUy 1 'Htelge.. 


The unique 
pfctyer. 


“We woaYfoad anothex play- 
er lfite Roheon,” ibt manager 
Said. “He - is wnqne. Eva • 
Platini doesn't go anted db 
nmgtfre balL france gfrehfoi a 
free rofeandaDow bun tophy 
far the last 49 yards. But. with 
WOlcteiri fMifesawE- F. 
ers, we .need someone there to . - 
mck tiie odd gwd ferns.” - 
The other posiritm thattrov- 
■bfcs%i^y.Rtdi90tt-Js thenwsf 
OBUnasiaL He b yte again to ' 
brondfn fab attack with a_ , 
wfogte- In the ahsttice of . . 
Barate; ft. b certain to be^~ 
Waildle. 1" wart to find ont S 
n wfoch l hare tried 
tor tene time can work at the 


higbm leveL” Robson said. 
RTfmcM si 


solve those prob- 
lems, wie haye n chance any- 
where. Although there is little . 
opp or t uni ty to see the Soviets in 
action.1 have a vivid memory of 
their prafiwtnaiice at Wembky-p 
two years ago when they were 
fitter, stronger, quicker and 
brighter titan ns.” . 

- The formation wffl be fed by 
Hatdey; who stayed; with W3- 
ians md Cowans- in Moscow 
last night after the cnonfitnttefy 
lengthy jonrriey'frdm Italy^aod 
Lineker. Woodcock, tiroping on 
a swollen foot, may be fit - 
eson^k to jobs the suhstitetes, 
bntk is the only doubt in foe 
squad. '. 

Howe, .foongh^ is snffe^g 
from,^ wounded pride. He coa- 
fomed that be Imd not resigsed 
as Arsenafs manager onSator- . 
day, bat merely asked to be - 
released from Ms contract’ 
whidi b to end ra May. If bis d 
request b refused, he wR Hbry 
on “becaaese T am« professional • 
and it is a matter of 
respect”. ’ 


Pv. 


•> 


Secretive 

approaches 


He felt, understandably, that 
Arsenal had let him down b; 
maki ; secretive approaches to. 
Teny Venables. “For all they 
knew; I Ddgbt hare been look- 
ing aroud nqpself and fnlkfaK 
to other dobs during die last 12 . 
mouths. It is the way foe' whole 
business has been conducted 
that hurts and fa has fan me- 
rely deeply,* 1 he said. 

Howe -was also aptet tiiat , 
Ars^aarsdrainnan, Peter Hiil- 
Wood. had tossed a coin for foe 
choice ; .of . leone . ■ fadhni. 
.through .ctini time, in tbqr:FA 
Cop fifth round replay a p fatf ■ 
LnhmTowH wifoort t t wm i ri ng 
hna.Hie more did not allow 
Howe, Who might ifot hare been.' 
wfifing to take the risk, of 
another game on foe artificial 

smfitoe rt KenDworfo Road, to 
change tactics in the 
st^es.of foe tie. . . / 

He fev-nrt dteerred by .tiie 
ahHost fadtatie prospect of 
jpnttngaanalterdhikHB 


V7.: 






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w -. — ----- ~ ■ 

fiery as eret, but he is now more 
wmy. fess trastiug. “I wouldn't 
mind wleg down, a AvStea.or 
said, “but foe people I 
.WOtiURbe working 
Imre to-be : 

_ Robson . was surprised by 
Howe’s tfeaswm, but mder- 
fab motives. They know 
after wett. Thdr firteud- 
sjnp stated 3fi.yete&ago when: 
S^pbyed torefoer for West 
Jfow they. 
,toe' ' H tfce 

.Soviet TJnkrii : an^ " Howe, . in' 

teiMefeitfor that 
The i ^ wffl 

keep hfe tr ible^ mind 
ootepfed*" 


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TfcS.. 

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