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Na 62,415 


JDAY MARCH 27 1986 

Angry Kinnock plans to rewnt 

to pursue charges against left 

-out to 

, Liverpool's .Militants oat- the light thing in the right way. quarters building in south 

and we win have the required 

... J 


* v - 

,v ' -.*!■ 

~ rar • ■ * 

smarted and ootmanouevred 
: the Labour leadership yester- 

* day in a humiliating defeat 
- which ended with a Trotskyist 

• MP leading ...a : raised-fist 
chorus of the Internationale 
and the Red Flag on the steps 
of party headquarters. 

The 12 party members 
charged with abuse of party 
tula and membership of the 
Militant tendency escaped ex- 
pulsion through a combina- 
tion of legal challenge and a 
premeditated left-wing walk- 
out from a meeting of the 
parly’s national executive. 

What had been intended as 
a show trial, at least partly for 
the benefit of the voters in the 
Fulham by-election, ended in 
a shambles. 

Bat ah angry Mr Neil 
Kinnock immediately de- 
clared his firm intention to 
puisne the changes laid against 
Mr Derek Hatton, the deputy 
leader of Liverpool council, 
and 1 1 other MiHtants, by re- 
writing the national executive 
rules to give him the required 
majority for expulsions — on 
April 18, a week after Fulham 
has gone to the polls.. 

He said: “What everybody 
in Fulham and everywhere 
else can be absolutely con- 
scious o£ we will act with 
firmness and very directly in 
order to deal with abuses. 
People everywhere can be sure 
-that the Labour Party is doing 


. However, in the wake of 
Tuesdays High Court judg- 
ment that eight members of 
the executive who had taken 
evidence against the accused 
in Liverpool could not partici- 
pate in yesterday’s hearings 
against the Militant 12, the 
executive was left with just 21 
members to examine the 

Eric Heflfer, a 

Liverpool MP, and Mr Tony 
Benn, then led a walk-out of 
seven left-wingers and the 
executive was left without the 
required 15-strong quorum. 
The hearings were forced to 

Mr Hefier said in a prepared 
statement outside the head- 

they 1 

drawn because the first ac- 
cused, Miss Felicity Dowling, 
secretary erf the Liverpool 
District Labour Party, had 
been refused a dear written 
statement of the charges laid 
her — “in clear breach 
the rules of natural justice” 

- and because the purge 
exercise had “inflicted grave, 
and wholly unnecessary dam- 
age upon the party”. 

Mr Kinnock, who later 
variously condemned the 
walk-out as sabotage, deser- 
tion of duty, capricious, pa- 
thetic, in fantile and stupid, 

said that ft was “profoundly ^ Eric Heffer (right) and Mr Tony Benn leading the walk-out of the National Executive 
not true” and “deliberately Committee meeting in London yesterday. Below, Mr Derek Hatton and Mr Tony Molheam. 
misleading” to suggest that 
Miss Dowling had not been 
given a written statement of 

Mr Kmnock, raising a new 
: quorum 

He said of those who left the 
executive impotent to deal 
with the hearings: “The party 
and the movement will regard 
them with derision. This 
melodramatic behaviour is an 
acknowledgement of the 
weakness of their position. 1 * 

A furious Mr David 
Blunkett, the left-wing leader 
of Sheffield council who stood 
by Mr Kinnock during the 
walk-out, told executive coir 
leagues: “They have put then- 
egos before the interests of the 

Miss Betty Boothroyd, one 
Continued on page 20, col 6 

£ * 


Militant aims to 
double members 


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leaders are urged to 
place a firm order 
for The Times with 
their newsagents 
now. An order form 
appears on page 2 

Ms Thatcher 
bn the future 

loan exclusive 
inta-view, the Prime 
Mmster talks of the 
troubles and 
in store for BL, 
popular capitalism 
...and her own 

poetical career 


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£20,000 to be 
won tomorrow 

There wms no wmner yester- 
day in The Tunes Portfolio 
competition so today’s prize is 
doubled to £4£00. Portfolio 
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Tom or row, £20.000 oo _ be 
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resume on Tuesday. 

England win 

A goal by Waddle gave En- 
gland a 1-0 win against the 
Soviet Union in 
Tbilisi Report, page 4® 


BnkNcm 2-7 
Owtaeas 7;iz 

Appta »27 
Arts 19 

Births, deaths, 


Budaos 21-27 
CM . r$ 
Qmwrti H» 
Din; Ifr 
Fedn 14.16 
UwKcpecr 27 

Safe Roam 


. 4 


Ssow Reports 20 
S« *a 3«§ 

Tktlw 5? 
TV* Ratio 39 
V aiwnifa H 
Weather a 

By Amhony Bevins, Political Correspondent 

The Trotskyist Militant ' tase MiUtant organizer, was 

recorded as teilingthe meet- ' 
Really, all basically re- 

Tendescy i»s set itsalf Jhe 
targetof doobhng its member- 
ship, which now stands at 
8^00 haidrcme members, ac- 
cording to a secret internal 
document leaked to UN** 
Channel 4 News last night. 

• The Militant central com- 
mittee document claimed that 
the expulsion of five leaders 
by Mr Michael Foot ip 1983 
.gave a big boost to 
membership. . 

, And in a dear attempt to 
capitalize on the attempts at a 
Liverpool purge, the docu- 
ment added: “The task is 
posed -point-blank: doubting 

- “Qur immediate aim is to 
reach the agreed target within 
thenext three months." 

. While it is a known Militant 
technique to set unachievable 
targets, its steady increase in 
membership - from less than 

2.000 up to 1980 to 3,438 in 

1982. 6.000 in 1984 and more 
than £,000 this year - has 
proved its success. 

But Channel 4 News also 
vided further evidence of 
highly structured 
organization — - something 
which is denied by the Trots- 
kyists operating behind the 
front of the Militant newspa- 
per- with a tape recording ofa 
secret Militant meeting in 
Swansea on Tuesday night 

During the meeting, mem- 
bos of a Swansea Militant 
branch were told to recruit 
another hundred members. 

Mr Ian McDonald, a fuD- 

“81 ... 
cniitment is, is asking a 
person to join the revolution- 
ary party. 

“And aH yon are doing is 
pvtiing across the policies of 
this tendency, the aims of this 
tendency in a dear manner, 
enthusing them and then ask- 
ing them to join. 

“But we will say this, and it 
is being said by the foD-timers; 
they are not going to be 
responsible for the recruiting 
of this one hundred. The 
branch are going to have to 

• Militant-run Liverpool is 
halting towards financial cha- 
os, a report warned yesterday. 

The district auditor, Mr 
Tan McMahon, says that the 
cotmed's affair s are “seriously 
out of hand”. 

' And he said that urgent 
steps need to be taken to 
change the present style of 

in a 47-page report seat to 
every Liverpool councillor Mr 
McMahon details miltinp s of 
pounds lost through mis- 

The counciTs Militant- 
dominated Labour leadership 
is blamed for modi of the 
recent problems. 

“The traditional needs of 
considering, reporting and de- 
bating derisions of impor- 
tance are not now 
followed", Mr McMahon 

Oil hits trade figures 

By Onr City Staff 
The oil price foil pushed 
Britain's trade in goods back 
into deficit last month, but left 
the. current account still in 
us to the tone of £262 

Exports fell and imports 
rose m value terms to give a 
visible trade deficit of £338 
million, convened into sur- 
plus by an estimated £600 

million surplus on invisibles 
such as services. 

The biggest deterioration 
was in the oil account, where 
the surplus dropped by more 
than £300 million to £685 
million. Manufactures stayed 
in heavy deficit at £382 

The figures bad little effect 
cm the foreign exchange mar- 
ket, - Details, page 21 

Poll shows 
15% drop 
in support 
for Tolies 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

The Government has suf- 
fered a potentially disastrous 
stamp in electoral support in 
the three Conservative constit- 
uencies where it faces key by- 
elections, according to a poD 

In Fulham, where poffing 
takes place on Apifl 10, 
together with Rydale and 
West Derbyshire, the Conser- 
vatives have dropped by 15% 
on average since the 1983 
Genera] Section. 

Labour is the main benefi- 
ciary. with an average 10% 
increase, while backing for the 
SDP/Liberal Alliance in the 
three seats has increased by 
5% since 1983, according to a 
detailed survey for BBC 
Television’s Newsaigkt pro- 

The pofitkal reality now 
faring Mrs Thatcher is that 
Tie Tories look certain to lose 
Fulham in two weeks time; 
they are in serious danger of 
bring defeated in West Derby- 
shire, a Conservative seat 
since 1950, and the party 
cannot he absolutely sure of 
holding Rydale, where Con- 
servative support has sever 
(tipped below 50% at general 
elections since the war. 

The survey, carried oat after 
last week’s Budget, shows 
voting intentions (with 1983 
figures in brackets) as follows; 
Fulham: Con 30.7% (46.2%); 
Lab 44.1% (34.0%); Affiance 
23.4% (183%); Others 1.8% 

Rydale: Con 47.2% (59.2%); 
Lab 1&9% (103%); Affiance 
35.2% (303%); Others 0.7% 
West Derbyshire: Con 383% 
(55.9%); Lab 28.7% (17.1%); 
Alliance 31.6% (27.1%); Oth- 
ers 03%. 

Dates for the by-elections at 
Rydale and West Derbyshire 
are yet to be sri. 

David Batter, page 16 

Gorbachov offers 
to withdraw fleet 

From Christopher Walker. Moscow 
In a dramatic gesture de- Mediterannean, pulled its fleet 

signed to seize the propaganda 
initiative from the US over 
the Libyan crisis, Mr 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, 
last night offered to open 
immediate talks with the Rea- 
gan Administration designed 
to secure the withdrawal of all 
Soviet and US naval vessels 
from the Mediterranean. 

The surprise Soviet offer 
was made during a Kremlin 
dinner in honour of Mr Chadli 
Benjedid, the visiting Algerian 
President who brought the 
Soviet leader a personal mes- 
sage from Colonel Gadaffi. It 
was combined with a savage 
denunciation of the “bandit 
face” of US policy over Libya. 

Mr Gorbachov, who was 
making his first public com- 
ment since the US attacks on 
Libyan ships and missile sites, 
also formally proposed the 
staging of a regional 
Mediterannean conference at- 
tended by both superpowers, 
which he said could be run 
along similar tines to the 1975 
European Security Conference 
in Helsinki. 

Mr Gorbachov's speech 
seemed to Western diplomats 
to be designed once again 
topresent the Soviet Union as 
the superpower more con- 
cerned m furthering the cause 
of world peace.Unofficial US 
sources conceded that, as of- 
ten before in the past year, the 
Gorbachov offer would force 
the While House to offer what 
was confidently expected to be 
a negative response. They 
were quick to point out that 
the US has a much larger and 
more important naval role in 
the Mediterannean. 

Outlining his scheme, Mr 
Gorbachov said: "If the Unit- 
ed States, which is situated 
thousands upon thousands of 
miles away from the 

out of there, the Soviet Union 
would simultaneously do the 
same. We are prepared with- 
out delay to enter talks on the 

In his speech, Mr 
Gorbachov also detailed other 
Soviet proposals for building 
confidence in the region. 

The United Nations Security 
Council agreed to meet last 
night to consider the crisis in 
the Mediterranean. The meet- 
ing was requested by Malta 
and the Soviet Union. There 
was no US objection (Renter 
reports from New York). 

These included pledges by all 
nuclear powers not to deploy 
their weapons in non-nuclear 
Mediterranean countries. 

The conciliatory tone of the 
Mediterannean peace 
“initiative" came in marked 
contrast to the bitter language 
used by Mr Gorbachov during 
his lengthy speech to condemn 
what he described as a recent 
US aggression against Libya. 
He described the events there 
this week as a “punitive" 
operation planned and con- 
ceived in advance 

dent Reagan reportedly ap- 
proved a plan to engage 
Libyan forces in the Gulf of 
Sine after receiving intelli- 
gence reports that Colonel 
Gadaffi was attempting to 
identify LIS overseas diplo- 
mats for possible terrorist 
attacks (Christopher Thomas 

White House officials were 
quoted yesterday as saying 
that the reports from the 
Middle East and Southern 
Europe constituted one reason 
why Mr Reagan approved the 
US naval manoeuvres in the 

Bar victory spurs hope 
for barrister pay body 


The High Court battle be- 
gun by the Bar ended in a 
humiliating dimbdown for 
the Lord Chancellor yesterday 
in a result which paves the 
way for a possible doubling of 
ths 5 per cm pay offer reject- justice", he said, 
ed by hamsters (Frances Gibb yesterday's legal proceed- 

'rhe Bar’s victory in the [ngs-in which the Bar .censed 

the Royal Commission 
Legal Services in 1979. 

A body was needed to 
ensure an objective evaluation 
of what pay was needed to 
preserve our standards of 

victory m 
unprecedented dispute over 
legal aid fees is also likely to 
signal the end of the present 
system of direct negotiation 
between the legal profession 
and the Government. 

Mr Robert Alexander, QC. 
chairman of the Bar, said that 
there was now a need for an 
advisory committee on fees, 
similar to that for doctors, 
which was recommended by 

Lord Hailsham of St Maryle- 
bone of acting unlawfully, 
ended with the Lord Chancel- 
lor agreeing to negotiate a 30 
to 40 per cent pay claim. 

After consultation with 
Cabinet colleagues, be is to 
have talks within a set time- 
table, reaching a decision by 
July 16, the High Court was 

Battle of the Bar, page 5 

Lost cave of Cheddar discovered by divers 

By Tub Jones 

A team of three divers have 
overcome physical and psy- 
chological dangers to discover 
what they befieve to be the 
most spectocafar endergronad 
cave Systran in Britain and one 
of the longest so the world. 

Their most exciting find is a 
100 feet wide chamber which 
may be the legendary “lost 
cave of Cheddar” which has 
tantalized explorers' for de- 

Cavers have searched for 
dm way down into die uuder- 

gromtf River Yco for six years 

and in the end the entrance 
moved to be just t few fori 
tom the show cave at Cheddar 
Gorge, Somerset, which is 
visited by 750,000 each year. 

The three taen, who exposed 
themselves to the risks of 

diving in darkness 
shoulder width torrent filled 
subterranean passages, yes- 
terday planned to press on 
thi ixgb the system which may 
extend for three miles. 

As he prepared to venture 
farther into tire clau s trop h obic 
unknown, Mr Richard Ste- 
phenson, aged 39, of Wookey, 
Somerset, explained why no 
one had find to the cave 

“It just looked like a puddle, 
yes have to go down a very 
thin 20 foot chimney and then 
an even narrower 50 foot 
chimney before it opens out 
into a cave.” 

He was accompanied by Mr 
Rob Harper, aged 32, a Bristol 
vet, and Mr Rob Palmer, aged 
35, who has explored the 
legendary “Bine Holes" in the 

Mr Stephenson said: “It is a 
very difficult dive technically 
because of the space constric- 
tions at the start and the lack 
of risfaffity further on. 

“At first, nr lamps were sot 
strong enough and we coaid 
aot see both rides so we ended 
up following walls round in 
circles or getting trapped wa- 
der ledges." 

Mr Chris Bradshaw, Ched- 
dar Caves education officer, 
praised the courage of the 
divers. “It is absolutely diabol- 
ical down there. At one stage 
they were facing a 1,000 foot 

dive which is very dangerous 
and creates psychological 
problems but then they discov- 
ered an air chamber which 
gave them the breathing 

The cave they have discov- 

ered is 100 foot wide by 20 feet 
by 40 feet high. 

Yesterday, the team was 
planning to dive and emerge 
into a second chamber which 
they believe could reveal a two- 
mile passage from the top of 
the Mendip Hills. 

Adventure caving leader, 
Mr Andy Sparrow, aged 31, 
who masterminded the dive 
said: “The water coming off 
the Mecdips splits into several 
separate caves which eventual- 
ly become choked np and they 
converge into master caves fall 
of foaming white water. We 
are hoping to find one of those 
master caves like the one at 
Wookey Hole." 

Mrs Sandra Lee. who man- 
ages the Cheddar caves de- 
scribed the find as the most 
exciting made in Britain in 
recent years. “The existence of 

the entrance has been well 
known for sometime bnt until 
Mr Stephenson very bravely 
went down all the cavers had 
dismissed it as too small and 

inspite of their 
nonchallancew the diving team 
exposed themselves to grave 
dangers and faced the addi- 
tional traumas of decompres- 
sion problems. 

The legend of the lost caves 

has intrigued explorers ever 
since Henry of Huntingdon 
wrote 850 years ago in his 
Historin Angloram of cavers 
who bad gone underground 
and “traversed great spaces of 
land and rivers they could 
never come to the end”. 

It is mentioned again in 
John Hooper's Month of 
England published in 1568. 

27 blacks dead 
as Pretoria 
violence flares 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

At least 27 people, all 
blacks, died during Tuesday 
night and yesterday morning 
in the most concentrated out- 
burst of violence in the 19 
months of political and social 
unrest in South Africa which 
has claimed more than 1.250 

In the tribal homeland of 
Bophuthatswana the local 
black police said they had 
killed 10 people when they 
fired on a large crowd attend- 
ing an illegal gathering which 
allegedly responded to an 
order to disperse by hurting 
stones and petrol bombs. Lo- 
cal residents said that 11 
people were killed. 

At least 70 people were 
reported injured, and about 

1 ,000 arrested. Local residents 
claimed the meeting had been 
called to discuss grievances 
with the district police com- 
mander, Colonel M A 
Molope. who had himself 
addressed the crowd. The 
shooting, they said, started 
after stones were thrown. 

The shooting happened at 
about 1 1 am in a shanty town 
called Winterveld, about 20 
miles northwest of Pretoria 
and just inside the boundary 
of one of the seven separate 
and widely-scattered chunks 
of territory that form 
Bophuthatswana, which, un- 
der South African law, is an 
independent state. 

Winterveld is a place of 
appalling squalor which has 
been used by the Government 
as a dumping ground for 
people forcibly uprooted from 
“Mack spots” in nearby areas 
of “white" South Africa. Most 
of its inhabitants are not 
Tswanas, the tribal group for 
which Bophuthatswana is sup- 
posed to be reserved. 

There has been growing 
turbulence in the region in 
recent weeks, and police in the 
nearby town of Garankuwa, 
also in Bophuthatswan, have 
been accused of whipping, 
beating, kicking and raping 
people detained by them for 

Members of the Roman 
Catholic church and trade 
unionists have been particular 
iaigets of police brutality. 

In the black township of 
Kwazakele, near Port Eliza- 
beth in the Eastern Cape, the 
police said they shot dead 10 
people overnight in action 

taken to quell two separate 
outbreaks of mob violence. A 
man who was shot and 
wounded died later in 

In the bloodiest incident, 
eight youths were killed when 
the police opened fire on 
rioters who attacked a bottle 
store. Two youths died when 
the police retaliated with gun- 
fire against a crowd stoning 
and petrol-bombing their 

Stoning and petrol-bombing 
of police vehicles was also 
reported from the Crossroads 
squatter camp outside Cape 
Town where the police killed 
two youths in counter-action. 
The police also said that five 
“heavy calibre shots" were 
fired at private and police 

It was in the same area on 
Monday that two policemen 
were lolled. One, a white 
policeman who had been sus- 
pended for involvement in 
drug dealing, was shot and 
burnt to death. The second, a 
black, was shot through the 
head when the police went to 
investigate the first death. 

In Kagiso township, near 
Krugersdorp. northwest of Jo- 
hannesburg, a black youth was 
killed when security guards 
used shotguns to disperse a 
mob attacking a beer hall 
during Tuesday night 

The police also reported 
that two black men were killed 
by the method known as “the 
necklace" — a rubber tyre 
doused in petrol which is 
placed round the victim's 
neck and set alight — in 
different pans of Natal prov- 
ince. In the same area as one 
of these killings, a child was 
also found slabbed to death by 
unknown assailants, accord- 
ing to the police: 

• Bans lifted: The South Afri- 
can Government has released 
three more peopie from ban- 
ning orders, which place se- 
vere restrictions on the 
affected person's movements 
and prohibit his or her partici- 
pation in political activities. 

They are Mr Johnny Issel 
and Mr Trevor Manuel two 
anti-apartheid campaigners in 
the Cape Town area, and Mr 
Rowley Arenstein. a former 
attorney in Durban, who had 
been under some form of 
banning for more than 30 

‘Knocking 9 ads banned 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

A City watchdog body at- 
tempted to crack down yester- 
day on the growing use of 
hard-hitting newspaper adver- 
tising during company take- 
over battles: 

The Takeover Panel or- 
dered a substantial restriction 
on advertisements connected 
with takeovers, complaining 
of their growing tendency to 
denigrate the opposition and 
to use selective statistics to 

create a misleading 

Provisions were being intro- 
duced to try to restore stan- 
dards. the panel said, and ban 
the kind of “knocking copy" 
that had become a feature of 
takeover battles. 

If this failed to have the 
required effect, further restric- 
tions would be introduced. 

Details, page 21 

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Elite police 
sought after 

By Craig Setoa 

Dear, Chief functions of the police com- 

Mr Geoffrey 
Constable of the West Mid- 
lands, agreed yesterday to 
examine a proposal that his 
force should replace “part- 
time" marksmen with an elite 
firearms unit on permanent 

A special committee of the 
Labo ur-co n tro (led West Mid- 
lands Police Authority called 
for the establishment of a 
special firearms team after 
accusing the force of a “shock- 
ing record” in incidents in- 
. volving innocent people in 
which police marksmen had 
fired weapons. 

The committee was estab- 
lished last August to investi- 
gate the police use of firearms 
after the fatal shooting of John 
Shonhouse, aged five, during 
a police raid on his parents' 
home in Birmingham. 

Police Constable Brian 
Chester, a member of the West 
Midlands tactical firearms 
squad, has been charged with 
his manslaughter. 

The report, issued yester- 
day. detailed five firearms 
incidents since 1979 when 
Miss Gail Kinchin, a pregnant 
girl aged 16, was killed by 
police bullets after her boy- 
friend used her as a shield. 

Mr Dear said the proposal 
for an elite squad had consid- 
erable merit and he was 
willing to give it full consider- 
ation. However, any decision 
was for the new police board 
which will take over the 

mittee next month. 

Mr Dear, who conducted 
the police investigation into 
the mistaken shooting of Ste- 
phen Waldorf in London, said 
yesterday; “I am concerned 
that West Midlands police 
have got the reputation for 
being accident prone with 
wins, which I do not think is 
fair criticism. 

“The force has not got the 
best record ova* recent years, 
but their training is for better 
than any other force for 
officers who are not personal 
protection specialists. 

“There is a lot of mileage in 
looking at a squad which 
trains together for some 
months, perhaps six, seven or 
eight, but when you get people 
who do nothing but train and 
handle guns, you lose sensitiv- 
ity with the public.” 

Mr Dear said the committee 
had “gone overboard" in 
some of its criticism. 

The councillors* report said 
incidents involving police 
weapons and innocent civil- 
ians contributed to a lack of 
confidence in the police and 
raised doubts about training 

It said that police trained in 
the use of firearms also had to 
carry out ordinary police du- 
ties. It was not possible for an 
officer to make the adjustment 
from patrolling his beat to a 
highly charged situations with 

TGWU leader elected 

Mr Brian Nicholson, a for- 
mer London docker, was yes- 
terday elected chairman of the 
1.500.000 strong Transport 
and General Workers' Union. 

Mr Nicholson, who has 
been vice-chairman and was 
the “soft” left candidate, had a 
majority of three over his 
rival Mr Dan Duffy, a Scot- 
tish local authority driver, 
who was supported by the 
“hard” left. 

He succeeds Walter Green- 
dale, a Hull docker 
The vote reflects a move 
away from the for left on the 
39-strong executive. 

The changes in the regional 
elections at Christmas time 
were followed this week by 
more in the elections for the 
14 trade group seats. 

Thee included the election 
of a second woman to the 
executive. Ms Maureen 

Can you always get your copy of The Times? 

Dear Newsagent please deliver/ save me a copy of The Tima 



GLC fund 
to await 

The Greater London Coun- 
cil was allowed yesterday to 
put £36 million on ice, in case 
the House of Lords gives it 
life-afier-deaih permission to 
pay the money to more than 
900 voluntary organizations. 

The money was paid into 
court after a three-day appeal 
hearing in the Lords. Lord 
Bridges said that the Lords 
would rule on Tuesday on 
whether a Court of Appeal 
ruling banning the “forward 
funding" pay-out will be 

That will be the day after the 
GLC is abolished, so the Law 
Lords agreed to keep the 
money in court. If the GLC 
wins its appeal it will pay the 
money out, but if it loses, the 
06 million will return to the 
GLC reserves, which will pass 
to the Londoa Residuary 

The Lords have said that 
they will uphold the ban 
imposed by the Court of 
Appeal on a £40 million grant 
to the Inner London Educa- 
tion Authority. 

The case has been brought 
by Westminster Borough 
Council, which argues that the 
GLC has no power to spend 
money beyond its lifespan, or 
to take decisions without giv- 
ing adequate warning to au- 
thorities which will take over 
GLC responsibilities. 

• West Yorkshire County 
Council, which is also to be 
abolished, has givea £800 to 
finance the funeral of Helen 
Smith, the nurse who died five 
years ago in Jiddah, Saudi 
Arabia, it was announced 

The nurse's remains are 
stored in a Leeds mortuary at 
the request of her father, Mr 
Ron Smith, a former police 
officer, of Guiseley, West 
Yorkshire, who alleged an 
official cover-up surrounding 
the death.on which an open 
verdict was recorded at an 
inquest in Leeds. Mr John 
Gunnell, leader of the 
counciLsaid that a funeral 
would serve the public inter- 
est. and there was a small 
amount of unused money in 
the coroner's budgeL 
•The rate-capped London 
Borough of Islington foiled in 
the High Court yesterday 
lo have to spending limits 

Mr Justice Webster rejected a 
claim that the Department of 
the Environment foiled to 
consider the cost of transfer- 
ring to the council the func- 
tions of the GLC 

After giving judgement in 
,the judge refused Southwark 
Borough Council permission 
to proceed with its challenge 
because the claim was based 
on similar grounds. 

Countdown to abolition. 
Page 7 

Seven held 
in soccer 

Police yesterday arrested 
seven Chelsea football sup- 
porters in a series of dawn 
raids on homes in a crackdown 
M football hooliganism. 

Operation Own Goal by 40 
Fulham police officers also 
Betted more than 20 different 
types of dangerous weapons 
and a large quantity of Nation- 
al Front racist Kteratore, Su- 
perintendent Mike Hedges, 
the leader of the operation, 
said in London. 

Hie swoop on homes in 
London and the Home Coun- 
ties followed five months of 
intensive police surveillance of 
Chelsea supporters travelling 
to away matches. 

Among the weapons seized 
in the rams mi seven addresses 
of Chelsea supporters were 
coshes, Stanley knives, razor- 
sharp scalpel blades, iron- 
bars, daggers, a mace, a spiked 
knuckle duster, crossbows, an 
air rifle and a high- velocity 

New Scotland Yard said the 
intelligence gathered by the 
operation suggested football- 
related violence was being 
organized on a big scale by 
certain individuals. 

“We believe Operation Own 
Goal has dented organized 
hooliganism. Although they 
may call themselves Chelsea 
supporters, it is my firm belief 
that football was being used as 
a vehicle for then- bootigan 
behaviour,” Supt Hedges said. 

Sane of the men are sus- 
pected of travelling in the 
guise of England supporters to 
mate trouble abroad. 

Police believe they intended 
to visit Russia for yesterday's 
England international bat 
their visas were refused. 

“We believe they also had 
plans to travel to Mexico for 
the World Cop in June,” a 

WPC Alison Cooper, who was involved in the operation, 
with some of the weapons seized (Photographs: John Voos). 
police spokesman said. 

Sopt Hedges praised the 
tremendous co-operation be- 
tween Metropolitan POfioeand 
provincial forces and Chelsea 
Football Club in the operation. 

He ygM Ms police officers 
were surprised by die large 
cache of weapons. 

“In the past, Stanley knives 
and coshes have been the most 
common weapons used by 
football hooligans. 

“We decided to go on the 
offensive to find the ring 
leaders. Hopefully, there will 
be a decrease in the level of 
violence at matches. 

Mr Ken Bates, chairman of 
Chelsea Football Cub, said he 
was very pleased* 

Motorscooter spikes which 
are used as knuckle dusters. 

of Hell’s 

A coroner tcJd as inquest 
into the death ofa Heirs Angri 
motorcycle gang member yes- 
terday be found it "strange 
that not once during the two- 
week inquest had the deceased 
been quoted as speaking or 
saying anything at any rtage 

prim to his collapse. - 

S ummari zing the . events 
leading to Mr John Mrkkte- 
son’s death, the coroner. Dr 
John Burton, told the jmy at 
Hammersmith, west London, 
that they “must expect differ- 
ing accounts from people in 
chaotic situations". 

Referring to the events 
which led to the death of Mr 
Mikkleson, aged 34, of S alters 
Road. North Kensington, west 
London, who died is custody 
after a fight with police in 
Bedfont Fehham, west 
London, on July 15 last year. 
Dr Burton said: "In reality lots 
of things happened at once — 
we have heard it as an 
unfolding story.” 

He said the facts were for 
the jury to consider. “Obvi- 
ously, if someone has remem- 
bered something pretty 
QPTisatirvnal later, you may 
wonder why they didn’t re- 
member it earlier. That is a 
matter for you.” 

Earlier; Professor D avid 
Bowen said he di sagreed with 
his colleague. Dr Iain West, 
that a head injury suffered by 
Mr Mikkleson was a factor in 
the cause of death. 

Dr Burton will conclude his 
summing up today. 

Safety offer 

Fife Health Board in Scot- 
land has agreed to offer par- 
ents in its area 200 free safety 
seats for use by children, aged 
nine months or under, travel- 
ling m the back seats of cars. 

Health immunity 
Bill published 

By Nicholas Timmins 

The Government yesterd a y pitals that foil to 

published its promised Bill to 
end hospitals’ immunity to 
prosecution over breaches of 
the food hygiene regulations. 

The move comes in the 
wake of the outbreak of food 
poisoning at the Stanley Royd 
psychiatric hospital, Wake- 
field, in 1984 in which 19 
patients died and more than 
400 staff and patients were 

The BiD will make hospital 
catering subject to full inspec- 
. non by local environmental 
health officers, and food hy- 
giene standards will have to 
match those in restaurants or 
those of private caterers. Hos- 

meet the 

standards will be liable to 

The Bill also contains 
changes that will allow the 
opening of new chemist's 
shops to be controIled.Tbe 
Government wants to e Doom- 
age new pharmacies to open in 
suburban and residential areas 
while ending the tendency to 
duster in busy high streets. 

A third section of the Bfll 
restores the right of Mr Nor- 
man Fowler, the Secretary of 
State for Social Services, to 
claw back over-payments to 
opticians, dentists, doctors 
and pharmacists by reducing 
their fees. 

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Equity & Law 


Life for 

A millionaire was impris- 
oned for life ai the Central 
C riminal Court yesterday af- 
ter being found guilty of 
shooting his wife, Patsy, when 
she threatened to divorce him. 

Mr Justice Jupp told 
Wilfred Bull, aged 50, an 
antiques dealer, of Highfield 
Farm, CoggeshaiL, Essex: 
“This was dearly murder 
although no doubt one done 
during the course of a quarrel 
rather than planned.” 

Baby killer 

Paul Fitzpatrick, aged 20, a 
cleaner, of Holydale Road, 
Peckham, south London, was 
sentenced to four years' youth 
custody at the Central Crimi- 
nal Court yesterday for man- 
slaughter after shaking his son, 
aged four months, to death. 

Mother held 

Dawn Cooke, aged 19. of St 
Keverne, Cornwall, whose 
baby's skull was said to have 
broken Like an eggshell, was 
given two years youth custody 
by Bodmin Crown Court yes- 
terday for ill-treating her son. 

Pay inquiry 

The chairman of the Scot- 
tish teachers' inquiry into pay 
and conditions is to be Sir 
Peter Main, former chairman 
of Boots and a member of the 
Scottish Development 

UDR death 

A part-time member of the 
Ulster Defence Regiment 
aged 52 and married, was shot 
dead yesterday by terrorists 
who singled him out as he 
worked at a sewage plant in 
Northern Ireland. 

Tunnel fight 

The Dover Chamber of 
Commerce is to take the 
Government to the European 
Commission over ns plans for 
a Channel TunneL It says the 
fixed link would cause unem- 
ployment and a loss of trade 

New powers 

Powers to control the siting 
of form and forestry buildings 
and roads to protea the 
landscape of Britain's national 
parks were announced yester- 
day by Mr WjUiam 
Waldegrave, Under Secretary 
of State for the Environment. 

SDP celebrates 
with merger 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

Prospects of a formal merg- 
er between the Alliance parties 
after the next election are 
believed to have hardened 
after remarks yesterday by Dr 
David Owen, the SDP leader, 
indicating a shift, from his 
previous Opposition- 

Dr Owen said that if the 
Alliance fought the election 
with a strong programme to 
which both parties were com- 
mitted, and failed to break-the 
political system by introduc- 
ing proportional representa- 
tion. many would say that the 
time had come to meige. 

Speaking as the Social Dem- 
ocratic Party celebrated its 
fifth anniversary in London. 
Dr Owen said it would be 
extraordinary if a merger were 
not one of the issues to be 
faced by both parties at their 
conferences after the next 
election. . 

He said that such a move 
would have to be based on 
wholehearted support among 
both parties. “When it is done 
1 think it will be done with the 
minimum of disagreement 
and fuss about constitutional 
questions, and it should lake 
place early in a Parliament.” 

Mr Roy Jenkins, Dr Owen's 

predecessor as SDP leader, 
who has always favoured a 
merger, said later "There is 
no difference between as « 
what he has said this 

All the. original “gang of 
four" and other party 
founders were present , for 
yesterday’s cake-cutting fes- 
tivities at the Connaught 
Rooms, where the party was 
launched:- - - 

Dr Owen said that the SDP 
had cracked the mould. “Into 
that crack we now have to 
push policies, people; person- 
alities and a profile of the 
party that, with our Liberal 
allies, win enable us to break 
the mould.” . • ‘ . 

Dr Owen said the SDP was 
extraordinary in that 64 per 
cent of its members had never 
before committed themselves 
to a political party. Increasing- 
ly the stomp and identity of 
the party was being forged by 
people who had come fresh to 

He regretted that more Con- 
servative MPs had not gohe 
over to the SDP, but believed 
many Tories would work with 
the party. 

Rebel pit worker 
chosen by Tories 

A miner who worked 
throughout the coal strike has 
been chosen as Conservative 
candidate for the forthcoming 
West Derbyshire by-election. 

Mr Patrick McLoughtin, 
aged 28, a district and county 
councillor and an under- 
ground worker at Littleton 
colliery. Staffordshire, for six 
years, has been a National 
Coal Board industrial repre- 
sentative since September. 

The West Derbyshire seat is 
being vacated by Mr Matthew 
Pams, who had a majority of 
15,325 at the last election. He 
is to become a television 

Brides were thrown at the 
home of Mr McLoughlin, who 
stood as Tory candidate for 
Wolverhampton South-East 
in 1983, after he refused to stop 
work in die miners’ strike. He 
also received threatening tele- 
phone calls. 

“The Coal strike was a 
harrowing time for anybody 
involved. But you just had to 
grit your teeth and get on with 
it,” be said. 

A district and .county coun- 

he has been a party member 
for L2 yeara. 

Heads urge 
interim rise 
for teachers 

By Lacy Hodges 
Education Correspondent 

Head teachers are today 
uiging an immediate pay rise 
of 7.5 per cent for all teachers 
to avoid further industrial 
unrest during long-term talks 
on pay and conditions. 

The call, from the National 
Association of Head Teachers, 
is for a payment on account 
pending the outcome of the 
talks at the Advisory Concilia- 
tion and Arbitration Service 

Driver facing 
drink charge 
shot himself 

A depressed motorist on a 
drink -driving : charge killed 
himself with a shotgun , as 
police officers waited outride 
his house, an inquest ax New- 
port, south Wales,was told 

Police had agreed to take 
Paul Grear. aged 29, of Green 
Lane, CakhcoL Gwent, home 
to change his dotbes for a 
court appearance after he had 
spent the night m custody for 
his own safety. . . 

The jury returned a verdict 
that Grear lolled himself 

‘could end 
next week’ 

By Mkhttd HorsaeH 

Mr Brace Matthews, man- 
aging director of News Inter- 
national, said yesterday , that 
the company would fie willing 
to pay compensation to print 
workers who went on strike 
and were dismissed after the 
move to Wapping- 

The company has asked the 
TUC to arrange further talks 
with the five newspaper 
unions next week and is 
prepared to discuss compensa- 
tion once they have accepted 

that there art no jobs for their 
6.000 members at Wapping. 

But Mr Matthews raid in a 
rarfin interview that some 
pickets outside the plant had 
indicated they were not pre- 
pared to accept a settlement 
based on compensation.- 

He said that News Interna- 
tional, which has printed and 
distributed its four national 
tides in spite of the heavy 
picketing outside the plant, 
was pi e pared to pay compen- 
sation which in the general 
public’s opinion would be 
quite generous.. .... 

Mr Matthews,, who has had 
two . pretiminaiy meetings 
with union leaderettes month, 
said: “What has been holding 
us up is, I think, tjuiie dearly 
that there are certain members 
of the picket line who are 
demanding that they, .have 
recognition and a part inside 
Wapping. We find that abso- 
lutely impossible to conc ed e. 

“Since then we've bad a 
very loyal workforce who have 
been, getting tire papers out 
day by day, ami veiy confi- 
dently getting them ouL We 
have discovered that these 
people enjoy . . their . jobs, 
riherre weu paid -and there- 
fore we cannot discuss the 
presence of the people in the 
picket line within Wapping.” 

Mr Matthews added that 
during exploratory discus- 
sons witfa the unions if had 
been madeefearfo the compa- 
ny that the pidtets have not 
yft a frmdoned the determina- 
tion to gain' recognition at 
Wappii%.. : . 

He said the company is 
concerned about the dangers 
posed by the pideet line and 
the inconvenience caused to 
local residents but added that, 
if.pidtts conceded fair com- 
pensatkm for lheir dismissal 
was the only issue, the dispute 
“could be over next week”. 

• Mr .Matthews said Mr 

Kmiooc£ and other so-called 
“experts on Wapping” from 
the Labour Party, who have 
critiooeff News International 
have refined invitations to 
virit the company and discuss 
foedispute . . 

He emphasized that talks 
with the pint unions were not 
the result of any company 
difficulty bat to show compos- 
sion to the people that are 

• Print workers dismissed by 
News International were tola 
yesterday that they qualify for 
unemployment benefit, back- 
dated to January 28. 

An independent adjudicat- 
ing officer has told the Depart- 
ment ‘ of" Employment lo 
inform benefit offices of the 
ruling which came after refer- 
ral of some cases by doubtful 
counter clerks. 

The rate of unemployment 
benefit is £30-45 a week for a 
singte person .or £48.45 for a 
coupteand may be claimed for 
12 months.' . 

• About 250 demonstrators 
protested outside the News 
International plant yesterday 
and one man was arrested. 

The National Graphical As- 
sociation print union said the 
aim was to speak to members 
of jthe National Union of 
Journalists working there. 

• Police were called in after 

pickets laid siege. to a TNT 
Road Freight transport yard 
near Maidstone, Kent in an 
attempt to disrupt distribu- 
tion of The Times , and The 
Sun. There were scuffles, but 
no arrests: - ~- 

• Twp miners who joined 
demonstrates outride the 
News international plant ap- 
peared before Thames. Magis- 
trates- Court. Graham Brown, 
aged 39,1rom Newcastle upon 
Tyne was fined £50 when he 
admitted: throwing a plastic 
bag containing rubbish. Paul 
Garnett, aged. 22, of Dover 
was bound over in the sum of 
£100 when police offered no 
evidence on a charge of using 
threatening behaviour. 

Maxwell rejects • 
call for talks 

- Mr Robot Maxwell yester- 
day rejected attempts by the 
National Union of Journalists 
to negotiate a settlemen t to the 
strike which has stopped pro- 
duction oTthe'JOdi^ Record 
and Sunday Mad m .Glasgow 
for more than two weeks: ' 

He said that any of the 230 
journalists dismissed for strik- 
ing on his two Scottish news- 
papers' had onto to .apply if 
they wanted their jobs 


Libel damages for top Tories 

.Allegations linking two 
Conservative peers and a Tory 
member of Westminster City 
Council with a right wing 
extremist group that advocat- 
ed drug abuse and child sex 
resulted m substantial libel 
damages being awarded m the 
High Court yesterday. 

Baroness Cox and Lord 
Bauer, the Conservative peers, 
together with Mrs Teresa 

Gorman, a prominent busi- 
nesswoman, accepted undis- 
closed damages in settlement* 
Their counsel Mr Richard 
Walker, told Mr Justice Stu- 
art-Smith that in May last year 
the Daily Express had sug- 
gested in an article that alt 
three were members or sup- 
porters of the Libertarians, as 
organization financed by for- 
eign countries which favoured 
absolute personal freedom 

-The overall- effect of the 
article was to allege that they 
were members or -supporters 
of this group; “which had 
abhorrentand dangerous ex- 
treme policies. . ...... 

He saidthere was no troth 
whatsoever: in any of "the 
allegations The newspaper 
bad published a denial and an 
Editor' s note accepted the 
three did not hold the mews 
attributed to them 






■* » » * * 


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• * ;v; 

i. V . 

, 1 r. 

• - ' v * 

■ v , ^ 


t.i ■ 


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»-■, - 


- - "•> 

Teachers report gang 
warfare in classroom 
as pupil violence grows 

By lacy Hodges, Education Correspoedent 

Violence in ' schools is so Schoolmasters/Union of 
senous foarm some areas ' Women Teachers, was canied 
o open gang out between November 1984 

warfare, according to a survey and February 1985. It listed 
frythcsecond biggest teaching several serioos cases - 

• A Cheshire teacher had his 
car. tyre slashed on school 
properly during -working 
hours. NaiJs were placed in the 


The survey shows that at- 
tacks on teachers are on the 
increase,' with staff, cars a 
popular target, while almost 
ope in four taking part in the 
survey had been threatened 
.with violence.' . 

Nearly one in 10 of the 
4,000 teachers involved in the. 
six-month survey reported 
that they had suffered an 
attempted attack by a pupil, 
whilemore than one in 25 had 
suffered actual physical 

The survey, by the 117,000- 
strong National Association of 

were placed under the tyre. 

• A Cleveland teacher had his 
office gutted by a foe started 
by three pupils. Damage 
amounted to £10,000. 

• A South Glamorgan teacher 
rebuked a pupil for continual- 
ly talking. That evening the 
pupil went to his house and 
threw a bride through his car 

The survey report said that 
teacbers were often hurt while 

‘Vandal-proof school 

The latest development 
vand al-proof school bmMmgs, 
with anti-intruder alarms a®# 
concrete walls resistant to 
graffiti, is to be built on a 
council estate in Humberside. 
It will open in the. autumn of 
1988 and dost £6.1' milli on. 

Mr - Colin Ratcliffe 
Springhall, the architect, said 
that the roof would be made 
from tough iron sheeting raih- 
a than tue$ “that can easily be 
turned into missiles”. Ground 
flow w ind ows will be made 
bom toughened safety glass. 

The l ,20O*pspi! school is to 
be built on the Bransholme 
estate in HaD as port of a re- 
organization AT dty schools. 
The phrasers hope it will 
soften the estate's rough image 
and provide a “heart” for the 
rs 78,000 residents. 

Work is due to start this 
summer. The education an* 
fhorify hopes to Hse the budd- 
ing as a c omm unity centre at 
night, 'opening the library, 
drama studio and sports hall 
to residents. 

trying to control violence 
among pupils. Almost one in 
five teachers had experienced 
pupiTtq-pupD violence “re- 
sulting in serious injury”, on 
ope or more occasions in the 
first six months of the school 

A teacher at a Church of 
England high school in Lanca- 
shire said that he - had wit- 
nessed knife throwing, a pupil 
stabbing, another pupil 
thrown over a high balcony 
and another thrown through a 
plate glass window, 

A teacher at a Birmingham 
comprehensive school said 
that he had witnessed thou- 
sands of examples of violence 
between pupils, ranging from 
shooting to knifing and gang 

A Wigan high school Headi- 
er told of an attempted break- 
in at his home in May 1984 by 
two fifth-form boys who had 
been dismissed from school 
the same morning, and wh o 
had been drinking beer and 
sniffing glue behind his prop-, 
erty in the afternoon. 

The teacher said that the 
two boys, and others from the 
school, had been harassing 
him at home for about -eight 
months, causing him to suffer 
from lack of sleep and general 
ill health. 

-The survey said that foe 
attacks could have senous 
physical and psychological ef- 
fects on staffr particularly if 
they were assaulted at home. 

Air travel survey 

Fares ‘unnecessarily high 9 

By Michael Bally, Transport Editor 

European air travellers are 
being cheated both in the air 
and on foe ground, according 
to a report from the National 
Consumer Council. 

ha foe air, passengers are 
made to pay ■ unnecessarily 
high fares because European 
governments are more inter- 
ested in protecting their air- 
lines than foe consumer. On 
the ground, they pay exorbi- 
tant charges for duty-free 
goods because airport conces- 
sionaires retain the duty them- 
selves instead of passing it on 
to foe customer: 

The report said that in 1984 
foe price of a bottle of duty-, 
free wiosky at Heathrow Air- . 
port was £5.76 compared with 
£1.87 for the same- fi&ttle, 
exdudingduty, at Safeways. 

In a strong attack on restric- 
tive practices by European 
governments, airlines and avi- 
ation bodies, the NCC urged 
foe British Government to 
take European air travel “out- 
of foe political arena and 
make it commenriaT. 

Il called for the renegotia- . 
tion of air service agreements 
with European governments, 
scrapping foose which conflict 
with foe competition clauses 

of the Treaty of Rome, a stop 
to aii p ort authorities abusing 
monopoly powers on duty- 
free sales ' and baggage han- 
dling charges? and freedom for 
charter airlines to fly when, 
how, and who they liked, 
without restriction. 

The 251 -page report took 
more than a year to compile. 
Mr Michael Montague, NCC - 
ch airman, said; “We welcome 
steps taken by the Govern- 
ment to open up European air 
routes, but we want them to 
redouble their efforts. To 
show its EEC partners that it 
means business, the UK Gov- 
ernment should give notice 
that ,ii will tear up its - air 
■ service agreements wifo.ptber 
SEC governments unless they 

comply with the competition 
rules laid down in foe Treaty 
of Rome. 

“We have airlines subject to 
a vast range of pettifogging 

' Mr Nfrj Deva, chairman of 
the report team, gave a warn- 
ing that the kind of liberaliza- 
tion the NCC was urging did 
not necessarily mean lower 

The report also said that the 
British Government should 
hold all UK airlines responsi- 
ble for death, loss or injury. 

If an airline went bankrupt, 
passengers should be able to 
complete their journey. 

Air Transport dri2 die Corn 
sunter. 'National Consumer 
Council (HMSO. £7.95). 

Fares and pence per mfle on four European routes 

London to: 

Athens (1492m) 

Belgrade (1049m) 

Barcelona (701m) 

Parts (209m) 

first Cfob Economy 
Fare PPM Fare PPM Fare PPM 

£423 28p 
£371 35p 
£211 3&p 
£128 Sip 

£84 40p 

£280 19p 

£234 22p 
£148 21p 
£S8 32p 

Fare PPM 
£149 Sp 
£185 Bp 
£145 IQp 
£78 17p 

SoureeABC World Aaflne Guide 1984. 




By BUI Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

Computer experts at foe 
Driver and Vehicle Licensing 
Centre in Swansea are investi- 
gating an allegation that home 
computer enthusiasts have 
bro ken into their computer 
and electronically laundered 
endorsed driving licences for 
payments of hundreds- of 
pounds. . 

The allegations are con- 
tained in an article appearing 
in the magazine Business, 
published today, which main- 
tains that for a period of two to 

three months - last year foe 
computer buffs were makin g 
substantial sums of money 
from wealthy businessmen 
with poor driving record s. 

Driving offences attract 
penalty points on a licence. A 
driver who has accumulated 
more than 12 in three years 
loses his licence. The comput- 
er taffs, .known as hackers, 

. allegedly altered licences for 
£) 00 a point- 

The Department of Trans- 
port denies that it was posable 

because, it says, the computer 
is secure. The magazin e al- 
leges that computer enthusi- 
asts were offered cod es o n 
their electronic notice boards, 
where they exchange informa- 
tion with each other. 

According to a spokesman 
at foe Department of Trans- 
port: “We are looking into it 
We may be talking about an 
employee who is less than 
honest rather than foe ability 
to hack from outride.” 

Royal recipe 
for Food Aid 

The. Princess of Wales has 
contributed one o f he r 
favourite recipes, watercress 
soup, to a cookery book row 
Aid, published by the BBC to 
raise funds for Band Aid. 

Bob Gekkrf yesterday re- 
ceived a £100,000 cheque 

from the proceeds of sponsor- 

stop and advance orders for 
foe book, which contains 140 
recipes contributed by stars 
and famous personalities,' 

of fear In 
a hearse 

The driver of a hearse 
created such fear in Ids pas- 
sengers foal many woe afraid 
journeys with him might be 
their last 

Colleagues of Mr Max 
Jenison told an industrial 
inquiry at Birmingham that be 
had narrowly avowed a colli- 
sion when driving a hearse 
round a blind bead and had 
driven a corpse collection van 
round a roasdaboirt practically 
on two wheels. 

He had also crashed a 
Emooslne into foe back of 
another, causing £1^00 worth 
of damag e. Mr Maurice But- 
ler, another driver, said: “1 
wanted to be an mdertaker 
and not one of the corpses.” 
Mr Jerrisou, of Kingswood 
Road, Moseley, Birmingham, 
dahnied he was made to be a 
pall bearer after he was held 
by police on a false allegation 
of a homosexual offence. 

But Mr Terence Bastock, 
managin g director of ftmeral 
directors C. Bastock, of BSr- 

tnown the nature of the allega- 
tions. He was only concerned 
about Mr Jerrison’s driving. 

Mr Jenison yesterday lost a 
ffaim that he was constructive- 
ly dismissed. 

Rare book 
theft by 

A collection of rare books 
and manuscripts valued at 
£1.5 million, which were sto- 
len from University College, 
London in 1981, bad been 
tracked down and recovered 
by foe police, the Central 
Criminal Court was told 

The 377 scientific works, 
dating from 1500, were stolen 
from the college library. Many 
were offered for sale to dealers 
in London and New York, but 
suspicion was aroused. 

In the United States, FBI 
agents posing as dealers arrest- 
ed a former student, John 
Papanastasiou, aged 38, in 
1981 as he tried to sefl some of 
foe works, foe court was told. 
He served a sentence in 
America before being extradit- 
ed in July last year to face trial 
in Britain. 

Papanastasiou. of Camden 
Town, north London, de- 
scribed by the judge as a 
“thoroughly dishonest and 
unpleasant person'*, pleaded 
guilty to receiving stolen 
books and manuscripts. 

He was given a two-year 
suspended jail sentence, with 
the recommendation that he 
be deported to Greece.. 

Satanist ‘saw devil’s 
emissary by his bed’ 

Hie self-styled Satanist, Mr 
Deny Mamwaring Knight, 
met an “e m issa r y from Satan” 
standing at the foot of his bed, 
a court was told yesterday. 

The claim . was contained m 
a tape-recorded life story of 
Mr Kni g ht , which was played 
to the jury at Maidstone 
Crown Court. 

On the tape, narrated by his 
mother, Mr Knight told of 
how early in his life he had 
been lyingr in bed. a I saw 
something standing at the foot 
oftny beo. It was not human. 
It had foe diape of a human 
being, but no racial features 
“I was told my toe would be 
foil of trouble. No good would 
ever come into, my life and 
ultimately I would be utterly 

destroyed. 1 believe what I saw 
was an emissary from Satan. 
From that day on my troubles 

The tape, introduced by Mr 
Gordon Booth, a CoDgrega- 
tionalist minister from Leigb- 
on-Sea, Essex, also claimed 
tha t Mr Knight was cursed at 

^j^-^Cnighf^d that he was 
shoplifting by the age of 10, 
although his lather was a 

The tape also described how 
Mr Knight defrauded a Chris- 
tian of “thousands of marks*' 
while on national service in 
Germany. He was later 
dishonourably discharged 
from foe Coldstream Guards. 

The case continues. 

Pfire David’s Deer feeding 
yesterday at Wtopsnade Zoo 
(top). Dr Andrew London 
(above), of the Zoological So- 
ciety of London, is heading a 
World Wildlife Fund project 
to ship 40 of the deer to China 
where they are extinct 
They are named after a 
Jesuit priest who shipped out 
some of foe last deer there in 
foe 1850s. 

(Photograph: Tim Bishop) 

Contractor jailed for 
‘lump’ tax fraud 

A building contractor who 
was the central figure in a 
“lump** tax fraud was jailed 
for eight years by Judge Mi- 
chael Argyle, QC. at the 
Central Criminal Court yes- 
today, He was also made 
criminally bankrupt for 

Timothy Quirke, aged 42, of 
Palmerston Road, Wood 
Green, north London, was 
found guilty, after a three- 
month trial, of conspiring to 
cheat the Inland Revenue. 

The scheme provided tax 
exemption certificates to sub- 
contractors through compa- 
nies he ran under raise names. 
It enabled the subcontractors 
to obtain tax-free payments 
from large construction com- 

Mr Alan Suckling, QC, said 
that the three-year racket be- 
came so vast that Quirke had 
to hire “runners** to coDect foe 
chequesJiuge sums of cash 
rolled in without him lifting a 
finger on building contract 
work worth £9 million. 

Quirke’s wife, Mrs Anne 
Quirke, aged 39. alleged to 
nave been her husband's com- 
pany secretary, was cleared of 
any involvement. 

The court heard that most 
of the fraud money was chan- 
nelled to the Republic of 
Ireland, where it disappeared. 

Quirke and his wife had two 
cars, rented flats and were 
popular visitors at the race- 
track to watch their £10.000 
colt, Gurieen Boy, and at Irish 

Former FBI 
agent jailed 
for counterfeit 

A former United States 
Federal Bnreaa of Investiga- 
tion agent allegedly involved 
in organized crime was jailed 
for eight years at foe Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

The court was told that 
W illiam Herman allegedly 
took part in a mafia scheme to 
flood Enrope with $100 mil- 
lion in counterfeit US dollars. 

Henman, aged 50, of South 
Kensington, and David 
BizzeU, aged 42, a South 
African -born arms dealer, of 
Chelsea, both west London, 
were convicted of possessing 
fake US dollar notes. 

BizzeU was jailed for five 
years after foe judge, Mr 
Recorder Geoffrey Rivlin, QC 
said the men were part “of a 
major operation in crime* 4 . 

Queue for t 
may end 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

A new technique for storing 
corneas for up to 30 days in an 
eye bank may spell the end tc 
queues for corneal grafts, UK 
Transplant, the National 
Health Service's transplant 
co-ordination centre said 

Two corneal transplants 
have been performed in Bris- 
tol by Professor David Easty. 
consultant opthalmologisf- at 
the Bristol Eye Hospital, using 
corneas stored in a special 
nutrient fluid which can pre- 
serve them for up to 30 days, 
rather than the four days- ai 

More than 1,200 cornea! 
grafts are performed in Britain 
each year, usually for cata- 
racts, infections or other dam- 
age which makes the cornea ga 
opaque, but the present wait- 
ing list is 3S2. Most trans- 
plants use fresh corneas within 
hours of the donor's deaths 

A spokesman for UK Trans- 
plant said: “There are many 
advantages in using orgbn- 
cuhured corneas. The cornea 
can be re-checked over' a 
period of time to make sure 
that it is suitable and in good 
condition, and it can be better 
matched for the patienL” 

In the Bristol operations 
one of the corneas was stored 
for two weeks at UK Trahs- 

f lant, while the other came 
rom Denmark after a 
month's storage. Professor 
Easty said yesterday that both 
patients had been discharged 
and were doing well. “The 
results were just about as good 
as you would get with fresh 

The technique, in use ai 
only three centres in Den- 
mark, Holland and the United 
States, involves culturing the 
corneas in fluid containing 
proteins, vitamins, essential 
amino-acids and serum. 

Never well paid, the 
teachers lot is less today than 
it ever was. 

And that is the heart of the 
problem, according to 
Mary Kenny in her engross- 
ing article in this weeks 

Going, in the age of 
television, is the chance of 
etching an indelible mark on 
their pupils’ minds a la Mr 
Chips or Miss Jean Brodie. 

Going too is the high 
regard for being repositories 
of knowledge. 

Gone are the days when 
they were compensated for 
their penury by the invisible 
reward of high social 

So what’s to be done? 

In the best Spectator tradi- 
tion, Mary Kenny not only 
analyses the subject but also 
offers an intriguing solution. 

This is an article of the 
utmost importance to both 
teachers and parents. 

An article of no import- 
ance except to those who 
love horse racing is Jeffrey 
Bernard’s review of the new 
Lester Piggott biography. 

Apparently the book is 
long on statistics but short on 
jokes, which could hardly be 
said about Bernard’s weekly 
Low Life column. 

Don’t decline this week’s 
Spectator. Odds on its a 



AMENT MARCH 26' 1986; 

' P < V; < <>:. -v • 

Domestic rates • Immigration control • Conscientious objectors 

New guidance on immigration cases 

. . . ... ■ 1 ) uinMwilshlp IhAl 


New guidance on MPs* migratio 
representations on immigration incr ease* 
cases was needed to bring order 198 1 to j 
to the traditional arrangements He pi 
for represeniion which, in their present I 
sharp increase over the past his priva 
three years, were threatening to minister, 
undermine immigration con- of a pai 
irol. Mr Douglas Hurd, the while 1 
Home Secretary, said when consider 
opening a debate on MPs’ derlhen 
representations in such cases. be opera 

There was nothing in the There 
proposals before the House changing 
which changed the policy, cri- m ents u 
ten a or practice of immigration ployed I 
control, he said. maJke re 

He had been anxious to behalf to 
proceed with the greatest pos- it was 
sible extent of agreement. This the 1 
was the first time the arrange- sensible 
ments under which MPs made proposec 
representations in immigration 10 worki 
cases had been reviewed. refusal c 

It had become accepted that have to b 
the mere representation of an fiaiibilit: 
MP should be sufficient to Rcca^ 

achieve deferment of removal of » xnecl cd 
a person from Britain. This was sta fy-, n p 
a unique facility given to MPs would b( 
by custom. ovcr tha , 

He wanted a balance between lhe „ WQ 
the ability of MPs lo carry out Drov -isioi 

their responsibilities to their 
constituents and the need for «■£, m , 

effective, efficient, immigration T f, e v2 

control. Britain 

The guidance which had been tion coni 
tabled was not to lighten im- he wou 
migration control. The Govern- sustains 
ment recognized the need for f u || a dva 
immigration control that was judgeme 
Arm and fair. cers at if 

In 19S0. 1981 and 1982 But th 
representations were made in , 

about 1.000 cases involving a J n inci ^. 
refusal at port of entry in each or ^ ^ 
those vears. The number had lions wo 
increased each year to about sl _j 

1500 in 1 983. 3.500 in I «84 and " Sl £ 

5.700 in 1985. In the first two 
months of this year, the number j n|erv fc, 
of representations in ports cases .. 

had been about 1.200 in what mer j ( ^ 
was normally the lightest period SUI ^ an , 
of ihe year, which would mean ^veness 
annually over 7.000 cases. lhey W0L 

All this growth had occurred watch 01 
without any change in the law dcvelope 
regarding the admission of vis- an d be : 
iiors. without any materia] a dapt f 
change in the rules, and without ments ar 
any change in criteria applied by But hi 
the immigration service. that the 

He was concerned that unless the Houi 
the system of malting and from th 

handling representations was 
improved it would crack under 
its own weight. The number of 
representations made about im- 
migration cases generally had 
increased from about 9.000 in 
1981 to just over 16.000 in 1985. 

He proposed to retain the 

present facility for MPs to ring 
his private office, or that of ibe 
minister, to ask for the removal 
of a passenger to be deferred 
while representations were 
considered. Arrangements un- 
der the revised guidelines would 
be operated flexibly. 

There was no intention of 

changing the existing arrange- 
ments under which staff em- 
ployed by MPs were able to 
make representations on their 
behalf to ministers. 

It was crucial, if they were to 
get the balance right, to have 
sensible time limits and be 
proposed to increase these from 
10 working days to 12 for pen 
refusal cases, and there would 
have to be a reasonable degree of 

Because further pressure was 
expected on the pons, the 
staffing provision for 1986-87 
would be increased by 52 posts 
over that originally planned and 
there would be further financial 
provision for the immigration 
service in laier years of the order 
of £3 million per year. 

The vast majority of people »n 
Britain wanted firm immigra- 
tion control to be sustained and 
he would like to see this 
sustained by continuing to lake 
full advantage of relying on the 
judgement of immigration offi- 
cers at the ports of entry. 

But the strains placed on the 
system, rising passenger traffic, 
an increased number of refusals 
and the growth of representa- 
tions would remain severe. 

It strained the patience of the 
vast majority of passengers 
waiting in line for a brief 
interview with immigration offi- 
cers. It strained the commit- 
ment and job satisfaction of 
staff, and it strained the effec- 
tiveness of the control itself. So 
they would have to keep a close 
waieh on the way the position 
developed during the summer 
and be ready, if necessary, lo 
adapt further their arrange- 
ments and systems. 

But his judgement today was 
that the proposals now before 
the House, which had emerged 
(torn this helpful process of 

consultation, were sensible and 
would help enable MPs 
todischarge their responsibil- 
ities in a way which was more 
compatible than previously with 
effective immigration comroL 
He intended that the changes 
would come into effect from 
May I. 

Mr Gerald Ksufinan. chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs, said the 
discrimination in the refusal 
rate against entry from 
Pakistan. India and Bangladesh 
had been growing, while the 

brought more stops because die 
refusals had increased. This 
had led to the strange events of 
last October and the allegations 
by the Minister of State, Mr 
David Waddington. who had 

It was unacceptable that in the 
narrow range of permitted cases 
where under the guidelines MPs 
were allowed to take up a non- 
constituency case the Home 
Office would send a copy of the 

Burden of housing 

rates falling on 

too few shoulders 

L/aviu vrouuuuuuih f - — — : * r . .. 

suffered a rush of blood to the reply to the constituency Mr. It 
head and launched an attack would be unacceptable for 
on unspecified MPs who he confidential and private ma- 
daimed were “abusing their terial to be passed on to another 
right to make representations person without the agreement of 
incases”. the affected person. 

The minister had listed six A Labour government (be 
abuses, none of which were, in said) will certainly maintain a 
feci, an abuse. And some of firm immigration control, but 
these practises, if not all. bad unlike that of ibis Government 
been employed by MPs on it will be a non-racist, non- 
bo th sides of the House in sexist immigration control 
dealing with cases. At the very moment we take 

Words like “abuse” and office we will make sure that 
“misuse” had disappeared. Labour's firm but fair 
Then Mr Waddington had immigration control wifi be 
hinted that 23 MPs were in- administered humanely and 
volved. The names were never with the respect that is the due 
n^ me d because there were no of those who seek to enter, 
names to name. Sir Edw ar d Gardner (Fylde. C) 

Mr David Waddington, Min- said control of entry of people 
ister of State. Home Office, said from abroad into this country 
Mr Kaufman knew be had was a serious and growing 
written to 23 MPs and the problem. Nothing Mr Kaufman 
substance of their replies was had said could do anything to 
that they had no intention of resolve iL 

S 'ving consent to their names There had been* a 
ring revealed. breathtaking increase in the 


Local authorities should raise 

adflanistnihc p robl e m s were 
enormous, hi furore the current 
social security proposals in- 
volved ad househ ol ds paying at 
least 10 per cent of their rates. 
The poor in high-rated arras 






Hurd: Unique facility 
given to MPs 

refusal rate for Canada, for 
instance, was half of that 
country's refusal figure in 1978, 
the last year of a Labour 

There is a huge differential 
(he said) between the treatment 
of travellers from the old 
Commonwealth and the 
United States on the one hand 
and those from the new 
Commonwealth and Pakistan 
on the other hand. 

The debate was not 
principally about those seeking 
permanent settlement in 
Britain but mainly about 
would-be visitors wanting to 
come for a short lime and then 
go away again. 

They are not (he continued) 
dominated by some passionate 
yearning to enter this country 
as visitors and then go into 
hiding for the benefit of the 
right to live under 

The “stop” system under 
which an MP could prevent a 
removal until a ministerial 
answer had been obtained on 
the request for admission, had 

uvruig ibVMibu. ptramtHMiig m uk> 

Mr Kaufman said the Minister number of representations by 
ofState had backed down. In the MPs on immigration cases. In 
new document published last the three years up to 1982 the 

week, described as guidelines, average number of 
mqjor improvements had been representations was 1,000 a 
made but many of the new year. The next year that figure 
proposals were still doubled, the year after that it 
unsatisfactory. trebled and in 1985 the increase 

The new document could was 61 per cent up cm the 
seriouslv prejudice the right of previous year. 

MPs to protect constituents and The effect of the increase in 

their relatives and friends. representations was to divert the 

They were strongly opposed energies and concentration of 
10 the time limits laid down for immigration officers and re- 
representations. Twelve work- suited in appalling delays. If the 
ing days, although a slight system was subject to serious 
increase on the original pro- constraint — as it undoubtedly 
posals. were still far too brief for was at the moment — because of 
contacts to be made between the increase in the number of 
MPs and the affected persons representations then the system 
and then for representations to itself was in danger of being 
be made to the minister. destroyed. 

They still strongly objected to These guidelines were reason- 
the prohibition on an MP taking able, sensible and well-balanced, 
up a case in another MP’s Mr Sydney Bidwefl (Ealing, 

constituency without the second 
MP having agreed. What about 
the position to those who knew 
that the Conservative MP con- 
cerned had indicated he would 
not take up these cases? 

The Opposition wanted the 
Government to withdraw that 

Southall, Lab) said the grounds 
of some refusals were very 
flimsy. It was a rare occasion 
when the visitor was out to 
circumvent the immigration 
controls. The Government was 
responsible for the harshness in 
many cases with which visitors 

condition. Peers were being — particularly those from the 

allowed* to regard the whole 
country as their constituency. 

Indian sub-continent — were 

more of their own expenditure. The poor m jngh-*at«i areas 
rather than rely on would be tho hardest hit. The 
Government block grants, so poor would suffer. . . .. 
they would become more ^ttUnrng Labour policy on 

accountable to the electorate, government reform, she 

Lord MarshaB of Leeds (C) vVe shall not abolish the 

said in opening a debate m roe rales and we shall not introduce 
House of Lords on the case for a XBX ^ Local income tax « 
spreading ti* raws burden considered, 

more Burly and equitably. nTmJanter ft » said some 

The burden of domestic £***2“*“^© 
rates, due partly to the narrow tilings toralgsov- 

tax base, was unfairly emment shou ld be andartatei 

concentrated on too fw 

chmildi-M- he said, and annual tion might- be better aanun 
^ iSreas^wdl above «eml as a central Bovernmem 
inflation exacerbated the function. 

problem. Lord Bey*-Carpeutor(C)s»d 

We have to decide (he sard) Lady David had even doubted 
whether we want responsibility wbeiherthexe was a rate burden, 
for decisions abort levels of He wondered what effect that 
local services and the costs of would have on the millions who 
those services 10 lie with were going to receive rate_ao- 
central or local government, tnands for large sums, backed by 
There is no middle way except the threat of the m a c hinery of 
one which confuses the law. 

*** ° hSC0WS With 60 per cent of the rates 
responsibility contribute d by the 

would go in the direction of 
local authorities and that they 

would draw much of their ’X 

money from as wide a group of by the ® «« 

the local electorate as possible. 

1 rwoi councils should also geared to extravagance, 
become accountable locally for- Lord Dean of Bcswick (Lab) 
the consequences of their said those who suggested, a 
policies on spending and greater pr oportion of rates 
service decisions. The present should be raised locally could 
arrangements for financing have no idea of the size of the 
local government simply did problem in some areas. . . 

the G ^ nm “ nt - or «T m ft tSS 

righa .1 tool level in . , 13 * 

conunumg democratic society- w ^ increased 

x R °y* 1 Asse ^„ 

£17.000 minion since 1979-80 The Local Government Bui was 
as part of a policy of discotirag- among three measures vrtticb 
ing local expenditure and shin- received the Royal Assent in the 
ing the burden of taxation away House ofTords. The others were 
from income tax. the Law 'Reform (Parent and 

They had grave reservations Child) Scotland Bill and the 
about the idea of a poll tax. The Museum of London BHL 

feast 10 pea- cent m mw >-**»■ Health 

The poor in togh-rated areas 

woulfl be the hardest hit. The Labour MPs 

poor would suffer. - * jTwL the beard's 

Outlining Labour policy on Mr Mutortu 

local government refonn, she 3^,4 Secretary of State for 

said: We shall not abolish the g ff yt M) f r —M darira Commons 

T»t 9U«u uui. j 

rates and we shall not introduce 
a poll tax. Load income tax « 
being considered. . 

Laid WZnsfiMiey (L) said some 
things now done by local god- 
eminent should be undertaken 
by central government. Educa- 
tion might be better admin- 
istered as a centra! government 
function. . 

Lord Beyd-Cmpertss-tQ raid 
Lady David had even doubted 
wbeiherthexe was a rate burden. 
He wondered what effect that 
would have on the millions who 
were going to receive rate^ae- 
mands for large sums, backed by 
the threat of the m a c hinery of 
the law. 

With 60 per cent of the rates 
contributed by the 
disenfranchised - commerce, 
industry and business — and 
half of the remainder not paid 
by the electors at all. the 
system was almost ideally 
geared to extravagance. 

Lord Dean of B cswick (L ab) 
said those who suggested, a 
greater pr oportion of rates 
should be raised locally could 
have no idea of the size of the 
problem in some areas. . 

There is no system this 
Government or a future 
Labour government coaid 
devise which could be applied 
universally (he said). Some 
areas would Rod it totally 
impossible to' raise i n c rea s ed 
finances by any means. 

Royal Assent 

The Local Government Bill was 
among three measures which 
received the Royal Assent in the 
House afLords. The others were 
the Law Heforni (Parent and 
Child) Scotland Bill and the 
Museum of London BHL 

Bill to set up fund 
for war objectors 


individual would have the right 
to demand dial die Treasury 
paid up to £450 a year into the 
fond rather *h»w into the 

Mr Denis Canavan (Falkirk Ministry <rf Defenro budget ■ 
West, Lab) was given leave The fund would be 
under the 10 -minute rule administered by trustee s 
procedure to being in a Bill to appointed by and «*xx >u nia b te 
- ■ ■ ■ old that to ParinuDent and ihe trustees 

allow people to itfthhoki that to Phriiam^and.iliettnstees 
portion of their tax at pres ent wouM report ann ually • to 
soent on aims and related Ru liamcitt . The fund *wdd be 


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spent on aims and related Pd lia menL Th e fund be 
purposes and to facilitate the 
payment -of such -sums to 
peaceful non-governmental 

He said an old age pensioner 
named Arthur Windsor had 
been sent to prison for 
withholding taxes on 
conscientious grounds. Mr 
Windsor had become the flirt 
conscientious objector to be 
jailed in this country since 
conscription ended over a 
quarter of a century ago. 

During the 1914-18 war. 

Parliament gave statutory 
recognition to the right of 
conscientious objectors who r—w Ttnrf* 
wanted to opt out of military to neacefnd- • • - - 

service:' In the nuclear age.' . , .... 

because of the probability of disbursed for ^ peace-building 
indiscriminate ~ annihilation if prog ramm es - t or example, to 
nuclear warfere ever came to vrftmte^ agcncao workrag in 
1 pass, there were strong grounds the Tmra wood suai as 

A Comnfete for arguing that recognition of Q“ 7 stian Aid and War 

. the right of conscientious an Want . , ■ 

Outfit-Ready objection should be extended It might be argued ttat this 

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TO OIMKll >W me objections to the financing of sorts of people to objed to all 

Ranlt Holidav. warfare through iw atiCT. sorts of items of gove rnment 

This Btll proposed the otpenditure and encotnage 

estabhshraent of a peace fond, them to withh^d thmr taxes. 

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fond. would be somewhat ironical to 

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his or her conscientious circumstance*, 
objection to the financing of .'If it was. morally wrong to 
warfare through taxation the kill people it was also , morally 

appropriate payment to the do the lolling or pay 
peace fund for that person. An weapons which did the killing. 

Individuals would have the 
right to assign part of their 

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The Government believed it 
essential that the Local Govern- 
ment Bill should receive Royal 
Assent before April 1 to ensure 
enactment of the rate pro visons 
for the next financial year, Mr 

Wfotam Waldegrave, Minister 

for Environment, Countryside 
and Local Government, said 
when the Commons considered 
the Lords amendments late on 

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said, the Government dad not 
in vite , the House to disagree 
with the amendments made .by 
the House of Lords. 

However,- he indkaaed font 
legislation would be introduced 
next session to restore the effect 
of some of die amendments to 
the BilL 

He sad that some would be 
quick lb point out that that was 
an. unsatisfactory situation, but 
the Bill as amended was an 
improvemen t - on ibe present 
position where there was no 
express pm&aritioa.. of party 
political propaganda. ... 

The House would ret u rn to 
the subject in the autumn. In the . 
meantime it would be better to 
accept ha£f a knf tiian to have 

^H««Sl' the beard received 
same per capita thaa xay other 
Scottish health authority .and 
more, too, than any moal 
health authority m England, 

He had made * total revenue . 
«noctti 0 B to (he board for 1986- 
87 of £3803 mUhn^Ct mflfiao 
more than m - 

Mr James Craigen (Glasgow, 
MarrikBL Lab) said that ff Mr 
RtfUmr thought ihe Oasguw- 
hoard wa» dsSa ao well why did 
seem that it wouM. be £3- 
miTBaa otenpest this pear bc- 
casse of the casts it had to hear? 
CM the Scottish Office rec- 
ogmze die amount of In-patient 
and out-patient work the board 
did on a wider scale for the rest 

of the region? 

Or was it simply that the 
Scottish Office had got it in for 
this beard because «* its prag- 
matic approach to privatization? 

Mr Rifkiad: Mr Omigen mast 
have a persecation complex oo 
his own behalf . , or that ei the 
i»«»ti board- because it b the 
best-fended in Scotland. Its 
aDoeatien Cor 1986-87 is S3 per 
cent higher than that of the 
previous year. That is a figure 
neater than the Inflation rate. 

Mr Brace MJUaa .(Glasgow, 
Conn, Lab) said the Glasgow 
board was Hiring, a tiuanctaf 
fr l y*. 

Unless more money is avafi- 
able (he said) there wfll be 
severe erts fa services. 

Mr Mkhtl said: the hoard 
received a sum representing 

£405 per capita, aad other 
boards rece i ved s m a ll er sub. It 
was not credible for Mr MDhu 
to say that the Greater Glasgow 
Health Boord did not get ge»- 
eroas previtioSL 
Mrs Anna McCtarfey (Renftw, 
We st and Inv er clyde. C) said 
Glasgow had been treated gen- 
eroasiy. That was why, for next 
year, some other authorities 
were bring given provision lor 
growth whereas the Glasgow 
board's pravarion would allow it • 
to maintain ite emsth® . sendees. ' 
This w^ld.allow other areas to 
catch up witir Glasgow. 

Mr Nicholas Fahtoihs (Perth - 
and KiuniMfcGlBsgow health 
hoeid shoadd hr . toU that if It 
wants to increase its Cornices it 
should' art: cake such a prag- 
matic attitude to privatization, 
though Mr Crrigen meant to say 

“tiasntatic'Y j 

UtheEnghsti autiMnitfes can 
Bue fti afflin by privatiza- 
tion, dr can save 25 per cent, 
€3asgo* would, be aWe to in- 
crease ha own f ending if it did 
not take sad a politically avenc 

Mr Rffldhd said that examiung 
foe opportunities for tendering 
to private con trsctora for some 
services as. a possible way to* 
save money was opra to authori- 
ties. If aa aathority did not take ‘ 
the opportunity they would be; 
foregoing possible saviugsw 
MrDonald Dewar, chief Oppo- 
sUm spokesman at Stohad. 
said , die per capha comparisoa 
Mr Rhkfnd had used was. 
shametessly mMredtng because ■ 
it did not take arto aocnonc the; 
euennaus. patieUT inflow from, 
other areas to hospitais with* 
qwdiBtt facilities in GtangOw. * 

Mr lUOdudi^fled font sucIk 
factors were taken into account ' 
under the share formula; The. 
fact Oort Greater Glasgow pro- 
vided services for those outside; 
its area was not aniqne, either, j 
• Health services in Scotiand 
had had an hmeuc h rial! 
terms of 16u4 per cent in tendin g 
os compared with 1979. 

Finance Bnl 

Mr. John MacGregor. Chief 
Secretary to the Treasury, 
announced in . a ■ Commons 
written reply that the Finance 
Bill would hd published bn 
April 16. 

Parliament today : 

Commons. -'. : (9. 30}:. Easter 
adjournment debates. 


none « an, in order W get; 
something ..onto 'ihe- statute, 
book. , . , 

Mr Peter Brnfat e fi (Lririnter 
East, Q said he moch^raoened 
he believed the BQ) uimmended 
. would, have caned thbse Labour 
authorities ctoooghcrat the 
. country which-, were .wasting 

raifipayefs T -. money On .party; 

polmcrt propaganda: ; 

'. It was bitterly diiappointinR 

that the amendments would 
now allow money 10 be spent in 
publishing material to persuade 
the electorate 10 . support the 
Labour Party. 

The Lords amendments were . 
agreed to. 

Ww iyPitoW 


- • - A. ' >■ 

ritain’s Leading 
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Win for Bar in i Tide gives perilous start to voyage home for Discovery 

battle with 

ailsham over 
legal aid fees 

MARCH 26 —27 • 


The Hij^i Court dis pute 
between banisters and ' the 
Lord Chancellor ended yester- 
day in victory for the Bar 
when Lon) Haibham agreed 
to enter imo negotiations on 
its pay' claim, within a set 
timetable to .ran from now 
until mid-Jnly. 

Lord Hailsbara - had ob- 
tained the backing of his 
Cabinet colleagues to embark 
on . ipHts within ■ an agreed 
timetable on the Bar’s dann of 
a 30-40 per cent rise in legal 
aid defence fees, the High 
Court was told yesterday. . 

The dear implication is that 
ministers have accepted they 
may have to find more money 
within this year’s public ex- 
penditure plans over and 
above the 5 per cent already 

Awarding the Bar its costs, 
estimated to be approaching 
£15,000 for solicitors’ fees 
(counsel gave their services 
free of charge). Lord Lane, the 
Lend Chief Justice; said that 
be hoped there would now be 
a “happy conclusion to a very 
unpleasant matter”. 

At the same time it was 
announced that Sir Michael 
Havers, QC, the Attorney 
General, had agreed to negoti- 
ate within the same timetable 
on prosecution fees, which' 
removes the immediate threat 
of widescate disruption to the 
new crown prosecution ser- 
vice on April 1 by banisters 
refusing prosecution briefs. 

The Lord Chancellor, 
through lawyers, yesterday 
made a similar offer also to tins 
Law Society to negotiate with- 
in a set timetable. The society, 
which was due to start its own 
legal action against Lord 
Haikham after Easter, will 
decide its response today. 

Mr Robert Alexander, QC, 
chairman of the Bar, in whose 
name the unprecedented legal 
challenge on behalf of 5,200 
barristers in England and 
Wales was brought, said he 
was “extremely heartened” by 
the outcome of what had been 
a “harrowing experience”. 

“It is a great step forward 
and means that at lost we will 
get proper negotiations. The 
Lord Chancellor had agreed to 
examine fully the independent 
report on which the Bar’s pay 
claim is based and to indicate 
the reasons forfe proposals;” 1 

He added that the claim was 
a “conservative one" and the 
Bar would mess for it to be 
met in fblh The Lord Chancel - 
lor “has, after all, a statutory 
duty . to #1 provide fair 

“The issue is not just about 
fees for b a rrist e rs. It concerns 
the quality of legal service in 
tins country. Par liam ent did 
not intend that legal . aid 
should be a second-rate 

The Bar took Lord 
Hailsham to court after he 
told barristers in Febniary 
that they would only receive a 
routine nprating of 5 per cent 
for criminal leg*! aid defence 
fees. The Bar claimed that he 
acted illegally in not negotiat- 
ing on their claim and in 
failing to award fair rates of 

Alexander said that it 
had been “obviously distaste- 
ful to have to sue a much- 
respected Lord Chancellor", 
and the Bar had tried “time 
ami tun e again” to fix a 
timetable to avoid the need to 
do so. He did not believe, 
however, that those involved 
would have had their chances 
oflegal promotion damaged. 

In response to the Attorney 
General's decision also to 
negotiate, the Bar yesterday 
wrote to all heads of chambers 
asking banisters to suspend 
their threat of refusing prose- 
cution briefs, unless marked 
with a reasonable fee, until 
October 1. That is the date (he 
new prosecuiton service 
comes into force in the rest of 

During the 15-minute con- 
clusion to the High Court 
action yesterday, Mr Nicholas 
Phillips, QC, for Lord 
Haikham, said- that the Lord 
Chancellor had considered it 
“necessary and desirable” to 
have further discussions on 
the Bar’s pay report bat frit 
unable to commit himself 
without consulting his col- 

Discovery’s first movement in St Katharine’s Dock yesterday. 

By Patricia Clough 

For half an hour this after- 
noon insurers, organizers, har- 
bour authorities and the city 
of Dundee win bold their 
breath as seamen attempt to 
manoeuvre Captain Scott's 
ship Discovery out of St 
Katharine's Dock in London 
on the highest tide of the year, 
so that she can return home to 

They have about 30 min- 
utes, starting at 2.30pm. dur- 
ing which the equinoctial tide 
is bigh enough to give the 
Discovery, with her Oft 6in 
draught, a bare 6 - I2in clear- 
ance in the lock connecting the 
picturesque old dock and the 
Thames. Two feet of mud was 
dredged out of the bottom of 
the lock this week and a 
footbridge dismantled so that 
the ship could pass. 

If the tide does not come up 
to expectations, or something 
goes wrong, it will be at least 
six mOntiis, but more proba- 
bly a year, before another 
attempt can be made. The 
205ft ship is too long to go 
through the lock the normal 
way, with both gates closed. 

The Dundee consortium 
which is leasing the Dundee- 
built Discovery from the Mar- 
itime Trust for 20 years as a 
landmark on its new, £30 
million River Tay waterfront 
development, has insured the 

A city’s show-piece 

Dundee's claim to Captain 
Scott's ship Discovery rests on 
the fact that the vessel was 
built at a shipyard on the Tay 
85 years ago, a foie example of 
the steam-assisted whaling 
barque the city specialized in 
b uilding at the time. 

Her ’ triple-skinned hull 
sheathed in green heart was 
designed to withstand the 
pressure of pack-ice which 
made her perfect for Scott's 

Discovery wiH go into Vic- 
toria Harbour for restoration 

work which will take two 

The ship will become the 
centre-piece of a waterfront 
development for visitors to the 
city, part of a £30 million 
improvement scheme funded 
largely by Dundee industry 
and commerce. 

A search is on for an 
example of the triple-expan- 
sion steam engine which once 
powered Discovery. The origi- 
nal engine was removed years 
ago.Tbe Trust also plans some 
ways of recreating the authen- 
tic atmosphere on board. 

Mr Thomas Morison, 

QC for foe Bar, said that the 
Lend Chancellor only made an 
offer of a firm and binding 
timetable when foe legal pro- 
ceedings were nearly at an end 
andtne judges had made 
-certain comments. These indi- 
cated they thought he was in 
the wrong. 

The original letter from the 
Lord Chancellor on the 5 per- 
cent pay offer gave no hint of 
farther talks nor indicated 
room for further discussions 
on the pay report. ■ 

/The Bar is to pressnowftSf 
' completely new machinery for 
pay negotiations with the 
Government It wants to see 
an independent review body 
or advisory com mitt ee on 

Leading article, page 17 
Tjw Rennet, nase 27 

Beatles lose appeal 
for royalty check 

The three surviving Beatles 
lost their High Court battle 
yesterday fora new investiga- 
tion into the missing millions 
they rfaim to be owed in 
royalties by EMI, foe record 

But they are still Hkdy to be 
given another £2 million. 

Paul McCartney, George 
Harrison and Ringo Starr, 
with John Lennon's widow 

wanted an account showing 
exactly how many Beatles 
records and tapes were des- 
patched by EMI, so they 
themselves could work out 
what was doe. 

Mr Justice Peter Gibson 
said he did not think that EMI 
should be required to produce 
a new account But he ruled 
that the members of the group 
and Miss Ono, who had 

W1U1 JIUUI uaunni 9 ^ 77 . > r .77 

Yoko Ono and their company expected £4 milhon; should be 
Apple, were asking for a new entitled to see how overseas 

account of royalties. 

An account was taken by 
EMI after an earlier court 
hearing, and they received 

But the Beaties and Yoko 
Ono were still not happy and 

accounts had been compiled. 

Outside court their solicitor 
Mr Nicholas Vainer said he 
was pretty pleased. He added 
there would be “substantial 
further sums due which we 
estimate at about £2 million”. 

Royal Gold Medal for 
top Japanese architect 

By Charles Knevitt, Architecture Correspondent 

Arata IsozakL the Japanese 
architect, has been awarded 
the Royal Gold Medal for 
Architecture for 1986. The 

medal is given by the Queen on 
the recommendation of foe 
Royal Institute of British 

The insti t uted by 

Queen Victoria hi 1848 and 
conferred annually for work of 
high merit, is the world’s most 
prestigious architectural 

Mr Isozaki, aged 54, was- 
born in Oita City, Japan and 
worked for 10 years in the 
office of Kenzo Tange, the 
.medal winm of 1965. He has. 

designed banks, private 
houses, schools, libraries, mu- 
seums and pnbtic housing 

He is dm first post-modern- 
ist architect to receive the 
medal, which is likely to be 
presented in July. 

The abstract and sculptural 
form of his work is often 
marked by foe apparently 
random addition of cubes and 
senri-cyfindrical vaults. 

Recent gold medalists have 
included Mr James Stirling, 
Mr Norman Foster and Mr 
Richard Rogers from Britain 
and Mr Charles Correa from 

transfer operation for 
£10 million. 

The 85-year-old ship, al- 
though irreplaceable, is cov- 
ered for £600,000. Much of the 
rest is to insure against the 
possibility of her becoming 
stuck in the lock, letting the 
water drain from the harbour. 
That would weaken its walls 
and with them the founda- 
tions of surrounding build- 
ings. such as the World Trade 

“Half an hour should be 
enough but it's tight. There’s 
no time for any mistakes," the 
Glasgow consultancy firm 
Professional Project Manage- 
ment, which has organized the 
move, said. 

The Discovery is being 
pulled and nudged out of the 
dock by small harbour tugs 
and by a handful of volunteer 
seamen on board hauling on 
ropes anchored to the quay in 
a carefully-planned operation 
which started yesterday, when 
the ship was (Hilled away from 
the quay. A team of divers will 
be standing by to help if 

Once the ship is in the 
Thames, bigger frigs will take 
over and foe Discovery will 
pass through Tower Bridge to 
a temporary mooring by Tow- 
er Steps. 

The second stage of the 
£100,000 transfer will begin 
when the Dutch serai-sub- 
mersible the Happy Mariner - 
a cross between a ship and a 
floating dock - arrives, takes 
on water and sinks low enough 

for the Discovery to be hauled 
inside. The water is then 
pumped out and the Happy 
Mariner sets out on the two- 
day voyage to Dundee. 

That stage of the operation, 
due to start tomorrow, may be 
postponed until Saturday or 
even Sunday, as the Happy 
Mariner is expected to arrive 
late because of this week's 

The Discovery, which has 
weathered fierce Atlantic 
storms and survived two 
years* imprisonment in the 
Antarctic pack ice. was origi- 
nally to have been towed to 
Dundee, but insurance costs 
made it cheaper to take her as 
cargo, the PPM spokesman 
said. Her engine was scrapped 
during the war and the rigging 
is too fragile for sailing in 
equinoctial storms. 

Two-thirds of her masts, her 
yard spars, jib boom and 
lifeboats have been removed 
to lower her centre of gravity 
for the trip, but nevertheless 
the high winds could make the 
operation difficult the crew 

The Discovery goes with the 
somewhat reluctant blessings 
‘of the Greater London Coun- 
cil which, having paid 
£100,000 towards her restora- 
tion last December, nearly 
took court action to keep her 
in London. Eventually the 
matter was smoothed out 
amicably and a plaque on 
board will record London's 
contribution to Dundee's 

lUk Bdtrnnrninii is m «m>r«Uorr -tth Ita" Cud*. Thr D«rrflOTM>T Hainan TntJ PLCwrrp* rrspocMbdn' acconlni^Jy. 






vEt ■ Sa.wvts wuoohmd ■ abcricen 


Latest prices: 

At last some help for the hard pressed Imperial shareholder. 

Mindful that share prices can vary daily, we are publishing a builetin 
showing the value of each of the offers for your company. 

In order to be perfectly fair, the values we’ve quoted are based on the 
best possible offers. 





Figures bused on I hr market prices ill i.TU|im on VU-d m ■»!;!> . 



C O \ T I M I Mi r. R o w T H FROM B \ S I C Bt SIMKSSKS. 

Harwon and Un> cmnmiblr preftwrf -baiw I mied Htx-tuU 

pm - 





Hanson forecasts a 1986 profit of not less 
than £340 million: an increase on 1985 of £87 
million, or 34%. 

At first sight, very creditable. But let’s take 
a closer look. 

We estimate that some £52 million will come 
not from or^Enic growth A d,ssect,on ° f hanson,s f ° recast 1986 profit ,, growih: 

but from interest savings 
followmg last years ( 
rights issue. In other 

words, a once-and-for-ali l > 

gain paid for by investors /) 

themselves. \ [ / Organic growth £3 m. 

We estimate that at least another £32 million 
will come from the first-time contribution from ” 
SCM -a company bought by Hanson this financial 
year. Profit, yes: but again, not organic. ■ 

So what does thatleave? Just£3 million, or less 
than 2% of real, organic growth. 

Now allow for inflation, and you’ll arrive at 
the conclusion we came to. 

Organic growth £3 m. 

Hanson’s fore- 
cast profit increase of 
34% just doesn’t bear 
close examination. 

The sources for the information contained in this advertisement air set out or ref-.rr*. d :•> in the i*t;er from the Chairman. Imperial Group pic to shareholders dated 6th March 1986. The directors of Imperial Group pic (indudincrth - k * 
delegated detailed supervision of this advertisement) have tak'T. ai! r-. a?c»nab!f car«. to i.-nsuro that the facts stated and opinions expressed are fair and accurate. The directors accept responsibility accordingly 5 056 W * 1 ° . e 



Countdown to abolition: 1 

Extravaganza and 
lethargy become 
partners at the end 

From a concert night with a 
S* programme of unfinished 
f« v ' symphonies, to an eve-of- 
abolition extravaganza next 
«- . Monday with vast outdoor 
. Z ~ "video screens bearing farewell 
messages and rockets fired 
v from Thames barges, the 
-^Greater London Council is 
‘ » overwhelming Londoners 
l^with celebrations of its 
--m demise. 

*Z With the adept propaganda 
• - and publicity drills that have 
" marked its recent history un- 
» der Ken Livingstone, the GLC 
“ will this week spend £250,000 
ensuring that no Londoner 
misses its ending. 

But, behind the facade, 
heads at County Hall are less 
thick from the cork-popping 
r* ' round of a hundred leaving 

parties, than the constant talk 
of Job Shops, transfer terms, 
and compensation forms. 

And ratepayers will wonder, 
while the Test are sobering up, 
whether the stroke of mid- 
night next Monday means the 
end of a pantomime, or the 
beginning of a bad dream. 

The lethargy and listlessness 
that has been mounting inside 
County Hall over the past few 
months is ill-concealed this 
week by the frantic buzz of 
High Court actions over ‘Tor- 
ward funding”. 

In the section dealing with 
grants, staff have been under 
pressure to process final pay- 
, ments to voluntary groups. 
p But, as one member of staff 
who is leaving to take a 
compensation pay off says: 
“Most people have spent the 
whole time in a sort of dazed 
despondency, sitting on each 
other’s desks just chatting. " 

The result, in many areas, is 
that tasks will be left on 
deserted desks next Tuesday. 

In the first of two articles on the abolition of the GLC 
and six metropolitan counties, Colin Hughes looks at 
how the capital's seven million inhabitants and 
County Halls 's 21,500 staff ‘ will be affected by the dis- 
appearance of a complete tier of local government next 

Most loose ends will be tied by 
the 4,331 staff which the 
London Residuary Body have 
taken on solely to dear up the 
leftovers. They have no idea 
how long they will be wanted: 
it could take five years to wind 
up complex subjects, three 
months for others. 

Next Tuesday only a -few 
hundred out of the 21.500 
people employed by the GLC 
will be made, according to the 
local government euphemism, 
“involuntarily redundant”. 

The real figure may run into 
thousands by the end of the 
year as the LRB runs out of 
work for them to do. 

Most staff have transferred, 
either en bloc, like the 8,080 to 
the new fire and civil defence 
authority, or according to job 
areas, as with the staff who 
have simply moved over the 
bridge into the Inner London 
Education Authority. - 

While staff scramble to 
settle their futures, the new 
successor .bodies are still 
scrambling to arrange their 
take-over of GLC affairs. 

Few Londoners will notice 
changes Grom Tuesday morn- 
ing, but gradually the effects of 
abolition will affect them in 
unexpected ways. 

The loss will not be felt 
overnight, because bins will 
still be emptied (by the seven 
groups of waste disposal 

It will be in strategic plan- 
ning that abolition gradually 

New GLC ‘possible’ 

London might in future need 
some form iff strategic author- 
ity in place of the Greater 
London Council, says the 
chairman of foe body which 
will dear op after its abolition. 

“I happen to believe that 
there may be a requirement for 
some strategic powers to be 
devolved for Greater London,” 

Sir Godfrey Taylor, chairman 
of foe London Residuary 
Body, said. 

T regard our job here as to 
prod me what I term a flat 
surface. “That wiD enable foe 
politicians ia five or ten years - 
tune to say: "Now, do we 
require a strategic authority or 

“Bid it would have to be very 
strictly confined, because the 
lack of strict confinement has 
been foe seeds of the GLCs 
own sett-destruction.” 

Spectrum, page 14 

becomes apparent, on trans- 
port, siting dumps, agreeing 
through routes and settling 
differences across borough 

Other arrangements have 
been left to the last minute. 
The new London Planning 
Advisory Committee, made 
up of representatives from the 
boroughs and successor bod- 
ies, only two weeks ago man- 
aged to agree on a £1 million 
budget and a staff of 25. 

The LRB was originally 
designed to run on a low staff 
and budget to oversee winding 
down operations, such as debt 
servicing, super-annuation, 
and the huge business of 
selling off and re-distributing 
GLC property (including 
County Hall itself, the fate of 
which remains undecided). 

As it became clear that 
dozens of functions coukl not 
be resolved in time, the LRB 
has accumulated a may? of 
extra tasks and a £61 7 million 
budget next year. 

The GLC computer, for 
example, will take nine 
months to move; and no 
political solution has yet been 
found to the running of 
Hampstead Heath. 

Mr Geoff Williams, plan- 
ning committee chairman of 
the Labour-controlled Associ- 
ation of London Authorities, 
says that London-wide plan- 
ning will perish. 

Already the Planning Advi- 
sory Committee has Oiled to 
take over the GLCs case at a 
green belt planning inquiry for 
a 760-acre new town at Thur- 
rock, Essex, he said. 

But Mr Peter Bowness, who 
chairs the Conservative-con- 
trolled London Boroughs As- 
sociation, said: “Londoners 
have nothing to worry about 
“As far as services are con- 
cerned, they won't even know 
the GLC has gone except 
when they come to pick up a 
smaller buL” 

It is all over bar the 

Tomorrow: the metropolitan 
county councils 

for loss 
of mother 

* Two orphans who saw their 
parents die m a tragic car 
crash were yesterday awarded 
£65,000 for die loss of their 
mother, after suing their 
fooler’s estate. 

• Mr Justice Caulfield said in 
2be High Court that the loss of 
■a “good , devoted and energetic 
mother’s love” could not be 
iGompensated in law. But he 
said that foe corn! had to pnt a 
Value on the suffering earned 
to Deborah and David Smith. 

Tragedy struck when the 
- famil y car was in a head-on 
^collision with a bos near 
Woking, Surrey, in 1979. 

: The father, Mir George 
Smith, aged 57, a clerk, who 
was dririi% and his wife 
Mary, aged 47, a hotel 
secretary, were killed 

Deborah, aged 16 at foe 
, suffered loss of sight in 
right eye. Now aged 23, 
foamed and living in East 
Looe, Cornwall, she has al- 
ready received almost £41,000 
for her injuries. 

Sbe will share the foe latest 
award with her brother, now 
seed 18, who earlier received 
.£2£S§ for his injuries. The 
damages were awarded 
against the estate iff Mr 
Smith, who was largely to 
t* .blame for the accident, and 
*foe bos company and its 
’driver, who admitted liability 
bat contested foe amount in 
the award. 

Hospital safe 

:: A protest campaign involv- 
ing 5,000 people, during which 
100 letters a day were sent to 
the Prime Minister, has saved 
St George's Hospital a 54-bed 
geriatric unit at Stamford, 
Lincolnshire, from closure un- 
til new premises are provided. 

Roads starved of 
funds, MPs claim 

By Stephen Goodwin, Political Staff 

Maintenance of Britain's 
motorways and trunk roads 
had been starved of funds for 
many years, an all-party com- 
mittee of MPs declared yester- 
day, in a report published 24 
hours after the Department of 
Transport announced an in- 
crease in the repairs 

MPs on the Public Accounts 
Committee, the Commons' 
spending watchdog, said that 
the backlog of work on motor- 
ways was expected to take six 
years to clear, even longer for 
trunk roads, and criticized the 
amount of money devoted to 
this purpose as “most 

Despite the Government's 
pre-emptive announcement of 
a 7 per cent increase, to £143 
million next year, in spending 
on repairs, its target for elimi- 
nating the backlog still re- 
mains the “mid 1990s”. 

The committee pointed out 
that while new road schemes 
had added to the national 
network and heavy traffic 

taken its toll the share of the 
roads programme devoted to 
maintenance had remained a 
fairly constant 25 per cenL 

“To achieve value for mon- 
ey in road maintenance it is 
important to resurface at the 
optimum time, to prevent 
undue deterioration leading to 
premature reconstruction, 
which can be nearly three 
times more expensive,” the 
committee said. 

Quoting an earlier report 
they said that a continuing 
failure to “spend now and 
save later” would mean sub- 
stantial extra costs and contin- 
ued disruption and expense 
~>r industry and the public. 

The committee recom- 
mended that to clear the 
backlog of work funds should, 
if necessary, be diverted from 
new construction. 

Committee qf Public Accounts 
report on Department of 
Transport's Expenditure on 
Trunk Roads (Stationery Office; 


Catamaran to 
enter Solent 
ferry service 

Britain's first sea-going cata- 
maran ferry is to open be- 
tween Portsmouth and the Isle 
of Wight over the Easter 

The 470-passenger craft, 
built in Tasmania for Seslink, 
will halve the Solent crossing 
time to 15 minutes and enable 
the traditional service, which 
carries 1.8 million passengers 
a year, to fight hovercraft 
competition. Mr James Sher- 
wood, Sealink’s chairman, 
said that hovercraft bad been 
considered, but would have 
cost 10 times as much as the 
£1.7 million catamaran to buy 
and operate. 

Pupil carried 
home live 
mortar bomb 

Schoolboys and teachers 
from foe Lancaster area were 
criticized by foe police when 
they returned from a trip to foe 
Normandy beaches with war 

One youngster, aged 12, 
from Lancaster Royal Gram- 
mar School had carried a 
primed, mexploded mortar 
bomb across foe ChaoneL 
Others had brought home 
rocket-type shells and car- 
tridge cases. 

The mortar bomb, described 
by Army experts as “Uglily 
dangerous”, was blown np in a 
controlled explosion yester- 

Pupils in limbo over schools 

T Berkshire primary school 
■jmpils who wiD be moving up 
to secondary school ibis au- 
tumn are unsure of which 
; schools they wiD be attending 
'because ofa High Court battle 
^between parents and the local 
■education authority. 

| The county council an- 
nounced yesterday that it 
could not tell children leaving 
primary school this summer 
which secondary school they 
• would be going to in Septem- 
ber until the High Court 
hearing is finished- 
The court battle comes after 
a decision by the Conserva- 

tive-run council to extend the 
catchment area of Reading's 
two remaining grammar 
schools, Reading School and 
Kendrick School to most of 
Berkshire, pie court has been 
told that if it had not done so, 
the schools would lave been 
short of children and their 
futures would have been 

A parents' action group Is 
angry that the catchment areas 
have been changed, allegedly 
to protect the grammar 
schools. It is worried that good 
comprehensive schools in 
Newbury and Bracknell for 

example, may find their best 
are enticed to the 
ling grammar schools. 

At a High Court hearing last 
week. Berkshire County 
Council agreed to take no 
further action on the new 
measures until the parents' 
case had been heard . 

Mr David Sanders, a coun- 
cil spokesman, said' “We nor- 
mally send out tetters telling 
children which school they 
will be going to on the last day 
of the spring term. We cannot 
now do this until the High 
Court case has been beard 

US asks 
Greece to 
help fight 

From Mario Modiaao 

Mr George Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, yesterday 
called far doser co-operation 
between his country and 
Greece against “foe fasidious 
threat iff terrorism”. 

Specking at a Greek For- 
eign Ministry tench, Mr 
Shultz said: “Ike des t r u ct i on 
of foe Tinman drama- 
tizes bow foe proponents of 
violence, by targeting the sym- 
bols of Greek-American 

friendship) seek to mricniifne 
foe bass of civilized and 
respectful relations among 

It took foe Greek Govern- 
ment four days to react to foe 
bombing of foe statue in 
Athens last weekend. Yester- 
day a spokesman said it was to 
be condemned as any other 
bomb outrage. The culprits, be 
added, were being sought be- 
cause it was the Government's 
duty to maintain public order. 

Co-operation between foe 
US and Greece os counter- 
terrorism has improved per- 
ceptibly since WssMugton 
invoked travel sanctions last 
year. The two governments, 
however, disagree over Libya's 

Mr Shultz lays a wreath at foe tomb of the unknown warrior 
outside Parliament in central Athens yesterday, 
role in international te r rorism, against Libya as an unequivo- 

which has been cited as one of 
foe causes underlying the 
confrontation in the Gulf of 

While Mr Shultz was hav- 
ing his first round of talks with 

Mr Kanrios Paponlias, his 
Greek opposite number, the 
rating Socialist Party con- 
demned the American action 

cal “attempt by foe United 
States to' create a holocaust. 

The Greek Government said 
it would not allow the Ameri- 
can bases in Greece to be used 
for operations against “friend- 
ly countries”, including Libya. 
A spokesman said use of the 
bases for other than defensive 
purposes was banned. 

Prague must pay for its 
praise from Moscow 

The Soviet Union has given 
its blessing to the Czechoslo- 
vak Communist Party in a 
much needed gesture of reas- 
surance. But in return, it 
wants doser Soviet bloc co- 
operation in its attempts to 
narrow the technology gap 
between East and West. 

This emerged in a speech 
published yesterday by Mr 
Mikhail Solomentsev, a Sovi- 
et Politburo member and head 
of the Soviet delegation to the 

He told the C^ho^vak 
delegates that their policies 
since the Warsaw Pact inva- 
sion of 1968 had been correct 
—there had been no swingeing 
attacks on Brezhnev-styte 

“The social practice in those 
(post 1968) years bears wit- 
ness to the absolute correct- 
ness and efficiency of the 
political line which you set for 

- Mr Solomentsev said there 

From Roger Bayes, Prague 

was a need for “a qualitatively 
new level of economic imegra- 
tion of the fraternal 
countries”, meaning, a greater 
pooling of research on high 
technology and industrial 

But as Mr Lubomir 
Strougal, the Prime Minister, 
said on Tuesday, closer Soviet 
co-operation on technological 
matters would not be the sole 
answer to Prague's problems. 
There would also have to be 
internal changes and more 
technology imported from the 

“The Czechoslovak eco- 
nomic mechanism has not so 
far created sufficient econom- 
ic pressure and efficient 
stimulae,” said Mr Strougal 
who ranks as one of foe more 
forward looking economists in 
the leadership. “It will be 
necessary to create much more 
stringent conditions in which 
anyone unable to meet the 

new demands will foil foe 

This is something less than 
a full-blooded call for eco- 
nomic change but does suggest 
the Prague leadership is get- 
ting ready to introduce more 
incentives and perhaps give 
greater autonomy to factories. 

Mr Strougal said it was 
important to match foe “lead- 
ing manufacturers in foe 
world” on technological stan- 
dards but admitted foe drive 
to cut bad: Czechoslovakia's 
foreign debts over the past five 
years had seriously impeded 
economic effectiveness. In foe 
coming five years, Prague 
hopes to use 55 per cent more 
hard currency on buying high 
technology from the West. 

The pressure to modernize 
the Czech economy — if not 
reform it — stems from the 
need to balance several com- 
peting priorities including a 
raising of the standard of 

EEC puts off the 
day of farm 
price reckoning 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 

With Britain at odds with per cent, but was 
both France and West Germa- more cautious to 
ny after this week's Council of appearance at foe 
Agriculture Ministers, time is itself, noting only that 
r unning out for agreement on Chirac Government reserv 
foe three urgent farm issues its position on proporaisw- 
facing foe BEG disposal of foe price freeze put 
£6 billion food mountain, 
reform of the common agri- 
cultural policy (CAP) and foe 
annual round of farm prices. 

Tire ministers, including the 
controversial new French Ag- 
riculture Minister ; M Francois 
Guillaume, left Brussels with 
little to show for two days of 
discussions except an agree- 
ment to postpone setting foe 
farm prices by extending the 
marketing year to lane April 
when the next farm council is 

Britain tak es over the presi- 
dency of the Council of Minis- 
ters in three months but is 
being increasingly isolate d on 
farm spending and budgetary 
discipline. France and West 
Germany this week joined 
forces to blunt the edge of 
Britain's drive for price cuts 
and reform of the CAP. 

M G uillaum e, a former 
head of foe French farmers’ 
union, lived up to his reputa- 
tion as an outspoken hardline 
defender of French farmers' 
interests. In talks with Herr 
Ignaz Kiechle, the West Ger- 
man Agriculture Minister, he 
suggested further dose col- 
laboration between Paris and 
Bonn over farm prices and 

“You area fanner and lam 
a farmer,” M Guillaume, a 
milk farmer from Lorraine, 
said in greeting Herr Kiechle. 

He had left Paris on Mon- 
day vowing to obtain an 
increase in farm prices of 4.7 

by Britain. 

Mr Michael Joplin?. 
Britain’s Agriculture Minister, 
refused to be drawn mtt> 
immediate confrontation with 
M Guillaume, and countered 
the emerging Paris-Boon un- 
derstanding by inviting him to 

But M Guillaume, who m 
the past has demanded British 
withdrawal from the EEC 
implacable, declaring that the 
Chirac Government would 
never have agreed to the 
British budget rebate terms 
negotiated at the Fontaine* 
bleau summit of 1984. 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher has 
said that reform of foe costly 
CAP will be a priority during 
Britain's presidency. But M 
Guillaume firmly announced 
on arriving in Brussels that the 
main aim of foe CAP was to 
ensure a higher income, for 

European fanners, leading one 

farm expert to observe that for 
M Guillaume “European” was 
a code word for “French”. 

He spoke out against pro- 
posed reforms of foe cereals 
and beef sectors, including a 
“co-responsibility tax” of 3 
per cent on cereals, which be 
paid would generate bureau- 
cracy and weaken 

The Commission wants re- 
forms, a price freeze and 
urgent moves towards dispos- 
al of foe food surpluses. 

Bonn struggles to sign 
accord on Star Wars 

From Mohsin All, Washington 

Herr Martin Bangemann, 

West German Economics 
Minister, and Mr Caspar 
Weinberger, US Defence Sec- 
retary, are engaged in “consid- 
erable give and take” on the 
final negotiations over signing 
an agreement defining Bonn’s 
role in foe . Stiff Wars 
research programme. 

They held a meeting here on 
Tuesday but did not reach full 
agreement. “There are still 
some things to be worked 

out” the Pentagon spokesman 

• MUNICH: A coalition row 
over how dosely West Germa- 
ny should embrace the strate- 
gic defence initiative (SDI) 
sharpened yesterday (Renter 
reports). In a front-page article 
in his newspaper 
ter, Herr Franz Jo- 
Strauss, leader of foe 
number two party in the Kohl 
foreoparty coalition, accused 
the liberals of sabotaging the 

set Strauss 

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i •tn' 1 *•-. ^ 

> 2 ^ * 


Mitterrand wins first 
skirmish with Chirac 

over two enabling Bills 

less than a week after the 
fonn ation of Fiance’s first 
“cohabitation” Gove rnmen t 
onder the Fifth Republic, 
President Mitterrand mm! his 
light-wing Prime Minister, M 
Jacques Chirac, haw had their 
first skirmish) r reuiTtfng in an 
app arent victory for M 

Immediately after being ap- 
pointed ftime Minister last 
Thursday, M Chirac had an- 
nounced his intention^ of in- 
troducing two enabling Bins. 
These were to allow the Gov- 
ernment to bypass Parliament 
and legislate by decree, in 
order to bring back majority 
voting and to introduce a 
series of economic measures, 
including ihe abolition of the 
requirement on employers to- 
obiain government approval 
before oedaring any workers 

it had been assumed that M 

From Diana Geddea, Paris 
Chirac had already obtained 
M Mitterrand's agreement to 
sign the .-necessary decrees. 
However, M Mitterrand said 
at yesterday’s Cabinet meeting 
that be would accept only a 
limited number of decrees on 
specific topics “in order that 
Parliament's rights should be 

' In particular, he would not 
sign any decrees in the field of 
social affiriry and industri al 
relations which, in his view, 
did not represe n t an advance 
on what had already, been 
achieved by the Socialists, M 
Michel VauzeSe, the Efysfe 
Palace spokesman, said. 

The hrstra^ahy of that 
implicit presidential “veto” is 
M Chirac's proposal to abolish 
by decree the requirement to 
obtain prior approval for re- 
dundahaes. That will now be 
introduced in- the form of a 

Communist leadership 
stamps out dissent 

; FromOar Own Corres po n di-Ht , Paris 

The leadership of the Cora— Sts’ latest setback. 
French Communist Party kas The message was dean no 
succeeded once again in fan- critfeism cf the le ad er sh ip, its 
posing fas hardfme view and analysis of the reasons for the 
damping down on the growing party’s decline, or its propos- 
■ W— fair re fo rm wkhfot ab far the Adore was to he 
tire party following the tolerated. M Pierre Jocprin, 
Cu ramaht f abysmal show- former party spokesman and 
tog in last week’s election. now a leading r&urtaumr, was 

In the cad, only five mem- criticized for his M attitnde to 
hers of the party's 142 raf c— h a dfct io a with party rales 
bto CentvaLCoamittee, whose dnrtogtbe election campaign”, 
two-day ™w*i«g ended at M Jnqrin was the only 
midnight on Tuesday, refined member of the Central Coa- 
to vote- for the leaderships anttee to vote against the final 
report, m which the Socialists’ resstatien pat to the ceanait- 
atiegei right-wing policies tee. However, fowr etiaers ab- 
were blamed for the stained. 

Reagan’s plea on 
budget snubbed 

' From Mohato AH, Washington 

The Republican-controlled House and Senate also re- 
Senate has defeated by one quires ratification by three- 
vote President Reagan's top quarters of the 50 states, 
priority caU for a constitution- It is always difficult to 

al amendment requiring the chang e the basic law of the 
US to have an annual hair United States. Only 26 
anced budget beginning in amendments to the consfitu- 
1991. ' tion have been ratified. The 

The vote; ot Tuesday night, last was in 1971 making 18 the 
was 63-34 and fell only one uniform voting age through- 
short oftbetwoAhirds ncces- ont the country. ’ 
sary to pass an amendment to- Senate opponents of the 
the American Constitution. budget amendment argued 
Despite last-minute appeals that the ban would impose 
from President Reagan, the discipline on Congress when it 
vote reversed one taken four votes on spending Bills. But< 
years ago, when the Senate critics daimed that it could 
approved a . balanced budget hinder government derision- 
COttstitutional amendnfent. making an<f p lanning 
But a similar proposal in the The US, which is expected 
Democrat-controlled House to incur an estimated $205 
of Representatives that year billion deficit this year, has 
fefied by 66 votes to get the beat spending more than its 
needed two-thirds margin. revenues annually since the 
Even if the Senate bad budget was last in balance in 
passed the amendment on 1969. Some critics argued that 
Tuesday its outlook was con- a new budget measure adopt- 
sidered cloudy. It would have ed last year, requiring Con- 
needed foe approval of the grass to set annual deficit 
House where opposition re- targets, should be given a 
mains strong. chance before Congress em- 

Any proposed amendment barks on a constitutionally 
to the constitution passing the mandated, plan.' • 

Britons to I Belgrade 

detention I debt aid 

— The Zimbabwe 

missed an application for the 
release of two Britons, Phillip 
Hartlebury and Cotin Evans, 
former intelligence officers, 
who are being detained for 
allegedly spying for South 
Africa (Jan Raash writes). 

It Hicmiwri an appeal 
for the release of two senior 
costPitts officers to detention, 
Kenneth Harper and John 
Austin, who are also accused 
of spying for South Africa. 
Their counsel says the state 
has no shred of evidence 

• Food Kokto Two parlia- 
mentary reports have linked 
Dr Herbert Ushewokunze, the 
Minister of Transport, pneof 
Zimbabwe’s most powerful 

and popular pofitirians. with a 
srannal over the fraudulent 
sale of property to Botswana 
belonging to the Zimbabwe 
national railways company. 

“constructively”, but made it 
dear that a final decision 
would depend on the outcome 
ofYngoslavia’s new talks with 
the IMF to May. 

Asked if the President had 
specifically opposed the enact- 
ment by . decree of the pro- 
posed reform, M Alain Juppe, 
who has just been appointed 
the government spokesman, 
in addition to bis responsibil- 
ities as Minister for the Bud- 
get, replied: “I would say that 
the discussion had been frank, 
to use the diplomatic 

Dining yesterday’s Cabinet 
meeting, the second since the 
formation of the new adminis- 
tration, M Chirac outlined the 
Government’s proposed pro- 
gramme, which he said was 
based on three priorities: eco- 
nomic recovery in order to 
create new fobs; the re-estab- 
lishment of majority voting, 
and law and order and the 
development of individual 

M Mitterrand announced 
his intention to exercise his 
constitutional prerogative and 
send a message to ratiament 
at the opening of the new 
session on April 2. It will 
probably be M Jacques 
Chaban-Delmas, a former 
Gaullist Prime Minister, who 
will read the message, to his 
expected capacity as president 
of the new Assembly. Under 
the constitution, the President 
is not allowed to address 

chair- River, which rises in I^sotbo, 

vaal and at the same time 

S5-” — 

way overthrown an 

Nicaragua mocks Reagan ‘ploy’ 

Honduras attacks denied 

The Nicaraguan Army 
Chief of Staff has denied 
White House reports that 
Sandinista troops attacked 
Contra camps inside Hondu- 
ran territory, saying that this is 
yet another ploy by President 
Reagan to win his controver- 
sial bid for $100 million (£66.6 
million) in aid to the Contra 
rebels, who seek the over- 
throw of the Nicaraguan 

“What they (the White 
House) are trying to do is 
create an artificial conflict 
between Nicaragua and Hon- 
duras in order to win approval 
for dollars and support for the 
Contras,” Commander Joa- 
quin Cuadra said. 

“Reagan wants everyone to 
think Nicaragua is invading 
Honduras, but those who are 

From John Carlin, Mexico City 

invading Honduras are the 
Contras and the North Ameri- 
can Army,” he said. i 

The US currently has 4,000 < 
troops to Honduras raking 
pan in the latest of a series or 
joint military manoeuvres 
with the Honduran Army over i 
the last three years. The i 
presence of the US Army on i 
the Honduran border has long 
been .denounced as “a 
provocation” by the left-wing 
Sandinista Government. 

Commander Cuadra denied 
that Nicaraguan troops had * 
ever crossed into Honduras, « 
although he did admit the ] 
Nicaraguan Army had on 
occasions shelled Contra post- i 
lions across the border. < 

At the moment, be said, i 
there was fighting near the i 
border with Honduras as Con- I 

tra columns' — more than 
8,000 Contras are estimated to 
be trapped in their Honduran 
camps — try to penetrate 
Nicaraguan territory. 

On Tuesday there also ap- 
peared to have been some 
confusion in Honduran gov- 
ernment circles. Government 
spokesmen initially denied 
knowledge of a Nicaraguan 
incursion but after President 
Reagan had pledged $20 mil- 
lion in emergency military aid 
to the Honduran Army, they 
came into line. 

guan troops have begun pull- 
ing out of Honduras after 
several days of dashes with 
Contra rebels on Honduran 
soil US embassy and Hondu- 
ran military sources said here 
Iasi night (Reuter reports). 

Fighting hacks case for Contra aid 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

M Chirac arriving for yesterday’s Cabinet meeting. 

The United States yester- 
day began air-lifting Hondu- 
ran troops to the border with 
Nicaragua amid phhiK by the 
Reagan Administration that at 
least 800 Sandinista soldiers 
were trapped inside Honduras 
and were being ravaged by 
3,000 A men can- backed 

Although the Nicaraguan 
Government continued to deny 
that its troops were is Hondu- 
ras. reports from the region 
gave credence to American 
claims that 1,500 Nicaraguan 

soldiers had mounted attacks 
on rebel bases 12 to 16 miles 
inside Honduran territory. 

But there were no reliable 
independent accounts on the 
intensity of foe fighting which 
the White House is anxhnis to 
play op in order to strengthen 
President Reagan’s request for 
$100 million in aid for the 

The Repabtican-cootrolled 
Senate, which began debating 
the request yesterday, is likely 
to vote in favour of the aid 
today. The Democrat-con- 

trolled House of Representa- 
tives last week rejected the 
request and is due to vote next 
month on its own plan for 
possible aid to the guerrillas. 

US military officials said 
100 Sandinista soldiers — 
belonging to the Nicaraguan 
Democratic Force, the largest 
of the Contra groups — had 
been killed op to yesterday 

The White House said Hon- 
duran soldiers were being 
ferried to the border in Ameri- 
can helicopters but that US 
troops would not get involved. 

Today's Pan Am 

Today Pan Am offers even more for 
business travellers to the West Coast of 

More non-stops than any other a ir li n e 
to L. A., San Francisco and Seattle. 

More convenience with flights 
directly from London Heathrow 
and separate First and Clipper® 
Class check-ins. 

And more comfort; as you relax 
with your glass of Champagne 
you'll appreciate the Pan Am 
style of travel. 


Los Angeles IO-OOwto-trisat 
San Francisco 10*25 montub 



10*25 WEDFRT 
10*45 sun 







We've new wider six across seating m 
Clipper Qass. And in First Gass, Sleep- 
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You have room to think, to work or 
relax. Room to enjoy all the fine food, 
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ment too; the latest films, music Jm 
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stereo headphones. 

Whether you fly First ^ 
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offers comfort and ' 

convenience that's 

Call your Travel Agent XT 
or telephone Pan Am on 01-409 0688, 

Schedules increase from April 27th onwards. 

— 4ft pnwoKw “ “ 

General Lekhanya’s yrarstndyjustamipfefied 

Today's Ran Am.You can't beat the experience. 




* ** 

Paper prints 
war crimes 
file naming 

is n 
It * 

















Belgrade (Reuter) - A Yu- 
goslav newspaper yesterday 
published a document naming 
Dr Kurt Waldheim, the for- 
mer United Nations Secretary 
General, as a Nazi war crimi- 
nal wanted in connection with 
murders, massacres and the 
shooting of hostages. 

The document, issued by 
the Yugoslav State Commis- 
sion on War Crimes on De- 
cember 18, 1947, was 

published by Vecernje 
Novosti. Excerpts were later 
carried by Tanjug, the 
country's official news agency. 

Vecernje Novosti said it 
obtained the document from 
Yugoslav archives, where a 
full dossier on Wehrmacbt 
First Lieutenant Kurt Wald- 
heim was filed under the 
number F-25572. 

The paper said Yugoslavia 
had sent the document to the 
International War Crimes 
Commission in London in 
December 1947. 

Its top page, reproduced by 
Vecernje Navosti in facsimile, 
said Dr Waldheim was in the 
1C Department of the Ger- 
man *F Army Headquarters 
under General Alexander 
Lohr. It accused him of “mur- 

der, slaughter, shooting of 
hostages, demolition and de- 
struction of property, and 
burning of villages". 

It said the unit, in which Dr 
Waldheim worked from April 
1944, played a key role in 
deciding on retaliatory mea- 
sures against Yugoslav 

Tanjug said: “Waldheim is 
said to have been responsible 

not only for carrying out these 
measures but also for issuing 
his own criminal orders". It 

said this was substantiated by 
the testimony of Herr Johann 
Meier, a close associate of Dr 
Waldheim, enclosed in the 

Tanjug said Dr Waldbeinf 
had admitted in a telephone 
interview with Vecernje 
Novosti that he knew Yugosla- 
via had once accused him of 
war crimes. He claimed how- 
ever that the Yugoslav list of 
war criminals included every 
German officer who took pari 
in World War Two on Yugo- 
slav territory. 

“I repeat, I was not respon- 
sible for a single war crime on 
your territory," Dr Waldheim 
was quoted as saying. 

An injured woman is helped to safety after yesterday's car bomb explosion in east Beirut 

Bomb blasts kill eight in Beirut 

Beirut — Eight people were 
killed and more than 80 were 
wounded in two attacks in the 
Christian sector of Beirut 
yesterday when there was an 
abrupt escalation of violence 
(our Correspondent writes). 

A bomb and a car packed 
with about 4401b of dynamite 
exploded within two hours in 
the Turn el-Sbubbak and 

Ashrafiyeh districts, near two 
offices of Christian President 
Amin Gemayel's right-wing 
Phalange Party. No group 
claimed responsibility for the 
attacks, the latest in a series of 
bombings since Syrian-backed 
Christian and Muslim militias 
launched a campaign to oust 
Mr Gemayel. 

Shortly after the blasts. 

rockets fired by Muslim mili- 
tiamen into East Beirut killed 
two more civilians and 
wounded IS, including four 
women, according to police. 

The rocket attack coincided 
with artillery battles around 
Mr Gemayel's home town of 
Bikfaya, 10 miles north-east of 

War of words after Libya-US clash 

Suicide missions urged as 
Arab leaders close ranks 

A Libyan commentator yes- the Foreign Ministry saying teltpboued Odwri on 

world to fona smode squads j o any Ameriwn of the Libyan 

American interests American and MediterraMan at the dfcposm uoyan 

“wherever they may he** hi bases hostile targets, which we 
retaliation for the US military will confront”, 
action against Libya. The Soviet Union, a leading 

3b a statement on Tripoli arms supplier to Lib ya, aim 
radio, the anonymous com- many Arab leaders — rangfflg 
roentator nraed that the Arab from the heads of radical 
nation transform itself “in Its • — — — 

. Italian protest 

in their defence 

against the Americans. 

Other pledges of support 
cone from lung Hassan of 
Morocco, who inis * treaty of 
friendship with Libya, and 
from Syrfea PttsMent Hafez 
Assad, who, with Colonel 
Gadaffi, supports Iran in its 
kmg-nummg war with Iraq, 

Pxesident Assad's telephone 

calls to Colonel Gadaffi on 

aHS ww UQDUUi wuura - -■ . — * 

added: “Let your missiles and Rome — Italy has sent Libya a 
suicide ffifc pursue American . protest note over - reported 
terrorist embassies and inter- threats by Colonel Gadaffi to 

ests wherever they may be." take reprisals for the US dash cans u> vw««j w ** 

The call to retaliatory ac- agains t Mato bases on Italian Monday and Tuesday were 
tkm ganw as US’ warships territory (John Earle writes), followed yesterday by a Syrian 
f^ifjpnwi their manoeuvres But a message w President Cabinet statement describing 

from Signor Bettiso - 

Craxi. the Prime Minister, 
criticised the US manoeuvres 
mac were uh wiibh ■»- off Libya and called for the 
ports — either from the Pfcnta^ withdrawal of the US fleet, 
son or on Tripoli radio of — __ " 

confrontations in the Gulf of Palestine foctinas to PJO- mum 

Western Saadi Arabian Eng 
Fahd — continued expressions - 
of support yesterday to Grio- 
nei Gsuiaffi. 

The Soviet news agency 
Novosti desoibed the US 


off the Libyan coast yesterday 
and Arab leaders dosed ranks 
behind Colonel Gadaffi. 

There were no farther re- 

Sirte, which Libya claims as 
territorial waters but the US 
insists is international sea. On 
Monday and Tuesday more 
rt«an two dozen US aircraft 
carriers and warships fired at 
four Libyan patrol boats, sink- 
ing three and damaging the 
other, and twice bombed a 
radar installation near the 
Libyan town of Sirte. 

libya has threatened retali- 
ation, with Colonel Gadaffi 
pledging that “our brave con- 
frontation will continue*’, and 

Cabinet statement describing 
the US auSiary Action as “an 
act of provocation" adding 
that ft “constitutes a danger- 
oas aspect of political and 
mili fary terrorism being prac- 
tised by the United States 
the entire Arab 

The Arab leaders were tints 
adding their voices to the 
protest issued late on Tuesday 
night fay the Arab League in 


, s ' 



See this symbol? We’ve created it to play our pan 
in helping to prevent the sale of cigarettes to anyone 
under the age of 16. 

And in the next few months it will appear in 
tobacco sales outlets the length and breadth of Britain. 
It’s all pan of a campaign underlining the fact that it 

is illegal to sell cigarettes to under- 1 6s and that any shop- 
keeper doing so risks a £400 fine. 

So if you have children please explain the law 
to them. And if >ou smoke don’t send your kids to buy 
your cigarettes. It’s not fair on them or the shopkeeper, 
because cigarettes can't be sold to under- 1 6s. 

1WTWMI wauuiw — — — — 

auctions as “a direct threat to * _ 

world peace" and added^The ; 

US Ad^lstration will bear vm from. Palestinian fac- 
aTl responsibility to the grave : tins. In Damascus, the Abo 
consequences of its latest raffo Nidal group issued a state- 
in the Middle mart saying time “anything 
East,” ^ [ American fans become, from 

The Libyan news agency, now on, ’a timet for our 
Jana said that KxngFahd had revotefionanes. 



Kre mlin fails to 

back rhetoric 

From Christopher Walker. Moscow 

The fierce Soviet ihetoric 
and lack of any accompanying 
action prompted oy this 
week's military dashes be- 
tween the US and Libya in the 
Gulf of Sine have highlighted 
foe often uncomfortable rela- 
tionship between the Kremlin 
and Colonel Gadaffi, orieofits 
closest allies , in the Arab 

Not for the first time since 
recent tensions between 
Washington and Tripoli were 
exacerbated by the 

outrages at Romeand Vienna 
airports, a senior Kremlin 
spokesman has finned public- 
ly on the Libyan leader's 
behalf but baulke d at offerng 

any additional Soviet military 

rommitment to . assist him in 
Jiis confrontation with foe US. 
~ The difficultie& in the rela- 
tionship were exposed, in. an 
unprecedented fashion last 
October when the unpredict- 
able colonel paid a three-day 
visit to. Moscow arid again 
feiled to secure the long- 
delayed treaty of friendship 
and cooperation which be bad 
hoped would be on offer from 
Mr Gorbachov. 

Instead, behind a series of 
less than normally fulsome 
communiques, it was tearni 
from Arab sources that the 
Libyan leader received what 
amounted to what one diplo- 
mat described as “a dressing 
down** from Mr Gorbachov, 
who expressed particular an- 
noyance that Soviet-supplied 
missiles were finding then- 
way from Libya to Iran for use 
against Iraq, another Soviet 

Other causes of friction 
during the visit — marred by 
the mysterious failure of Colo- 
nel Gadaffi to turn tip at a 
Kremlin reception arranged 
for him — were said to have 
included the CbtoneTs belli- 
cose stubbomess on the whole - 
Arab-Isradi question and his 
support for international ter- 
rorists. . - 

The visit came at a time 
when the Kremlin leadership 
was working behind the scenes 

to improve its standing among 

moderate Arab states, with the 
aim of securing the Soviet 

UK terror 
by Howe 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, yesterday 
put Britain on alert against the 
possibility of retaliatory at- 
tacks by Colonel Gadaffi's hit 
squads (Richard Evans 

His warning came after 
reports from the United Stales 
that Britain could become a 
prime target for Libyan re- 
venge missions because of the 
large number of American 
tourists now here. 

Sir ■ Geoffrey, who was 
speaking at a Fulham by- 
elecuon press conference, was 
questioned about the potential 
threat to Britain and sakk 
“There can be no justification 
for a threat or to an actuality 
of that kind. 

“But we know sadly, from 
our own experience, that we 
have to take a particular and 
continuous care to protect 
ourselves as fer- as we can 
against a threat of th^t kind." 

pie- Foreign Secretary, who 
arrived in the south-west Lon- 
don constituency amid tight 
security, defended US actions. 
• Airport watch: Security was 
stepped up at Heathrow air- 
port yesterday to protect 
American tourists. Police pa- 
trols carrying automatic weap- 

I ons were ordered to watch US 
flights and those from sensi- 
tive Middle Eastern countries. 

TV crews’ 
plane put 
to flight 



Washington (AFP) 
small plane chartered 
American television networks 
to fiy over the naval forces in 
the Mediterranean was inter- 
cepted by US Navy jets and 

told to leave the area. 

Chartered by CBS, CNN 
and NBC in Italy, the aircraft 
was flying near the US Sixth 
Fleet when two Navy jets told 
it to remain well clear. 

Ships threat 

Washington (AFP) - The 
Libyan air force chief threat- 
ened _to destroy three US 
Jtrcraft carriers unless US 
forces stopped their aggressive 
ac ?j- The Washington Post 
aid to commander of the 
Surth Fleet received the raes- 
hours before US warehips 
5™. ,F°»«d the “line of 
g™. dravvn by Colonel 
gadaffi across, (he Gulf of 

- m «sage ended: 
Maintain w peace-, vou will 
leave m peace.” 


Isfemabad (Reuter) - The 
V® A Jforney-General, Mr Ed- 
Meae, said the Sixth 
rwet had acted acted only 
Jjf a “scries of Libyan 
jjriace-to^air missile attacks 

SSE? us “d 

Union a place at any future 
Midfoe East peace negotia- 
tions. According to foe Arab 
sources, another problematic 
issue at ’ the talks in the 
Kremlin vras Libya's large 
debt .to Moscow, conserva- 
tively estimated at $4 billion. 

ft, is understood that the 
IJbsran .''leader' attempted to 
secure more favourable terms 
for repayment. One US offi- 
cial later described some .of the 
exchanges between the two 
- supposed allies as 
“a c mnohious”. with Colonel 
Gadaffi adding assistance with 
a projected Libyan nuclear 
reactor to the unsuccessful 
shopping" list- which he 
brought from Tripoli 
- Afthoagh reports from Bei- 
rut fast month suggested that 
foe friendship treaty which 
has duded the Colonel since 
•its. signature was first said to 
be “imminent" three years 
ago.might soon be foithcming 
in view ofhis growing difficul- 
ties with President Reagan, it 
h?s yet to materialize. 

“The Kremlin is quite hap- 
py to speak out toughly on 
Libya’s behalt but the signs 
are that Mr Gorbachov has 
too modi on his plate to risk 
any greater Soviet involve- 
ment on Colonel Gadaffi's 
behalf", one senior diplomat 
said yesterday. 

He added:"* Reading the sig- 
nals, it seems that although 
the Soviet authorities do not 
go so fer as those in the West 
who regard Colonel Gadaffi as 
a ^madman’, they are well 
aware of file wilder side ofhis 
character and axe wary about 
how fer they back him ” 

The Kremlin's caution, well 
disguised behind a barrage of 
verbal pyrotechnics against 
imperialism . and US 
“banditry”, is considered by 
foreign observers to be the 
dominant aspect of its Libyan 
policy in the latest crisis. But it 
is acknowledged here that this 
could quickly change in the 
face of greatly stepped-up US 
military involvement 
“Gorbachov is treading a 
■narrow line which has both 
advantages and risks”, a Mid- 
dle East expert explained. 

'?an!.sh \ 

-aSrtil & 

'•v. ta-. 

• r im " 


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- Mf 

A .; 

*■'* " -i-'t ■[*'**■ 


■ 6,1 .>:u>^w t :y.» '.=? Wr' 



\ r| w ^ 2 m 

* * * 



Manila ready to charge Marcos 

From Keith I kina 

*’ ,s » hi iir «, ^ •* 

^ ViX’ 

- _ Vv -. - m, ».r 


■4 ^ 

: -v- 


■ ,'v*< 

■ 5 ‘- 

■’*. „ 1 ■ 

mi| n fails } 


. . ev\ 

_ doiu yar 

today that they win bring 
criminal charges agamg < y p _ 
posed President Ferdinand 
Marcos m the hope of gaining 
access to his Swiss bank 
accounts earlier ordered fro- 
zen by the Swiss Govemment 

A ^jedal envoy, Mr Pedro 
Yap, will begin judicial moves 
m Bern, the Swiss capital, to 
extend indefinitely the freeze 
order, which includes all as- 
sets bdonging to Mr Mareos, 

his family and companies. 

The unprecedented hold or- 
der was transmitted to six 
banks. One bank is believed to 
hold a $800 mfllfo n (£ 533.3 
million) deposit of Mr Mar- 
cos. the Commission on Good 
Government sources said 

Criminal charges against Mr 
Mareo s wOl be filed on the 
return to Manila next week of 
Mr Jovito Safonga, the com- 
mission chairman. Mr 
Safonga is optimistic that he 
has sufficient evidence, ob- 

tained in toe United Stto, to Mr Rodolfo Caneja, aged 54, one of 92 Filipino workers released in Zaire after being taken 
^^^|^^^rtiesthat hostage m Angola fay Unite rebels, is embraced by his wife and daughter at Manila airport 

was illegally obtained?°the 
senior commissioner, Mr 
Rani Daza, said. 

To gain access to the ac- 
counts, the c ommis sion most 
supply evidence ffiai the assets 
were obtained by means aim 
considered illegal in Switzer- 
land, Mr Daza told a press 

The commission has al- 
ready linked the former Presi- 

dent with property and 
business interests in the US 
totalling at least S 1 billion, Mr 
Daza said. A conservative 
estimate of his sequestrated 
assets in the Philippines .was 
$150 minify i 

a provisional 

President Aquino, who or- 
dered the inquiry, was yester- 
day denounced as a “dictator” 
for abolishing the 190-mem- 
ber National Assembly and 

First step towards 
US-Pofish thaw 

From Our Own Cnupdluif, Warsaw 

A high-ranking emissar y 
from the United States has 
hdd lengthy talks with Gener- 
al Jarozeldd, the Polish Head 
of State, taking the first step 
towards thawing the icy rela- 
tions between Washing ton 
and Warsaw. 

A US Embassy spokesman 
yesterday confirmed that Mr 
Walter Stoessd, a former Dep- 
uty Secretary of State, had met 
General Jaruzdski and other' 
government officials during a 
“private” stay in Warsaw test 

The Americans emphasize 
the unofficial character of the 
visit. Mr Stoessel has retired 
from the foreign service and, 
as a former ambassador to 
Warsaw, he still has many 
private ties with Poland. 

But die a mbassador's visit 
was dearly more than a stint 
of nostalgic tourism. Although 
General Jaruzdski had a se- 
nior Soviet guest ~ Mr Eduard . 

Shevardnadze, the Foreign 
Minister — and was expecting 
Warsaw Pact foreign ministers 
for important consultations, 
he set aside several hours for 

The unusual sight of the US 
head of mission's elongated 
official car outside a Polish 
Foreign Ministry fluttering 
with Soviet flags spawned the 

Eighty framer assembly- 
men, including 15 parliamen- 
tarians who had campaigned 
for Mrs Aquino m last 
month's election, said her 
decision to abolish the assem- 
bly robbed the Filipino people 
of their elected representatives 
and stripped assemblymen of 
office w hite only one third 
Jhrough their six-year term. 

• GENEVA: Mr Yap's immi- 
nent arrival in Bern was one 
reason for the Swiss Govern- 
ment ordering a freeze on any 
funds in six basks held in the 
name of the Marcoses or 
anyone closely associated with 
them (Alan McGregor writes). 

The other reason, officials 
said, was attempts being made 
to transfer money -out of 
Switzerland in President 
.Marcos's name. The .banks, 

Swiss and foreign, were not 
identified, but are regarded by 
the Government as “likely" to 
be involved 

The Swiss Cabinet meeting 
yesterday was attended by Mr 
Hermann Bodenmann, presi- 
dent of the Official Banking 
Commission. Shortly after- 
wards it was announced that 
the freeze had been extended 
to “other banking 

The Philippines authorities 
say that about $2 billion 
should be in Switzerland on 
the basis of information con- 
tained in the 2,300 documents 
carried by the Marcoses when 
they left Manila and seized by 
US Customs on arrival in 
Honolulu. Die documents 
give origins and amounts. 

Because of this flood of 
information, the matter is far 
more out in the open than was 
the case with assets belonging 
to Emperor Haile Selassie of 
Ethiopia, the Shah of Iren, or 
the framer Nicaraguan Presi- 
dent, Senor Anastasio 
Somoza. With those, banking 
secrecy remained intact so the 
Ethiopian Government is be- 
lieved finally to have got 
about $100 million. 

Also, the Aquino Govern- 
ment has US support, in 
addition to being well regard- 
ed by the Swiss Government. 
The banks' essential require- 
ment for opening their books 
is that legal proceedings in 
proper form be instituted 
regarding an offence recog- 
nized in the Swiss penal code. 
Appropriation of public funds 
would be in that category. 

1976 coup 
with strike 

From a Correspondent 
Buenos Aires 

Die tenth anniversary of the 
military coop that overthrew 
the Peronist Government of 
Isabel Martinez de Per 6 o and 
made Argentina one of the 
world's human rights pariahs 
was marked by a small demon- 
stration and preparations fra 
the following day's general 

The strike, the fifth since 
the return of civilian govern- 
ment and the second this year, 
received support from the 
leader of the Mothers of the 
Plaza de Mayo. Se flora Hebe 
de Bonafini who, speaking 
before an estimated crowd of 
10 . 000 , repudiated the 
"dictatorship that took over to 
rob, rape, torture, minder and 
oppress the people." 

The hnman rights leader 
castigated the 27-montb-oId 
civilian Government of Presi- 
dent Aifonsin fer raising 
armed forces' salaries and 
failing to condemn leading 
figures from the military Gov- 
ernment. She pledged support 
for the workers' demands. 

Tuesday’s strike, called by 
the Genera] Confederation of 
Labour to demand wage con- 
cessions, was less successful 
than the January strike. Offi- 
cial Government figures pot 
support at 60.87 per cent, 
down from 86 per cent two 
months ago. 

Sikh chief escapes 
as riot kills seven 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

The moderate Sikh Chief 
Minister of Punjab. Mr Suijit 
Singh Rama la, bad a narrow 
escape yesterday in a clash 
between his supporters and 
Sikh extremists, which left 
seven people dead and 22 

The dash occurred on one 
of the main holidays of the 
Indian calendar. On this day, 
which marks the end of winter 
in northern India and the start 
of the hot weather. Sikh 
leaders gather at the holy city 
of Anandpur Sahib, where the 
last Sikh guru baptized his 

Yesterday there were two 
meetings; one to be addressed 
by Mr S 119 U Singh and other 
Punjab ministers; and anoth- 
er. much larger, organized by 
members of the Damdami 
Taksal, the religious group 
once hearted by Sant Jamail 
Singh Bhindranwale. the ex- 
tremist leader killed in the 
siege of the Golden Temple of 
Amritsar in 1984. 

The Damdami Taksal ex- 
tremists threatened that if one 

of their leaders was not re- 
leased from arrest they would 
not allow Mr Surjii Singh's 
meeting to take place. As they 
saw turn and his Finance 
Minister, Mr Balwant Singh, 
arrive at the stand, 400 yards 
from their own, a cry went up 
to blockade him. 

Police moved in with tear 
gas and batons, and there was 
a confused period in which 
firing was alleged by both 
sides. The Tourism Minister 
had a narrow escape when 
extremists fired at his car. 
Eventually police opened fire 
on the miliums. 

The deaths are bound to 
cause further trouble in the 
state as the young hotheads of 
the All-India Sikh Students* 
Federation and the United 
Akali DaL the activist splinter 
of the Sikh party, take up the 
cause of the dead as martyrs. 

Mr Suijit Singh, who had 
begun to speak as the mob 
moved towards him. last night 
issued a statement condemn- 
ing the violation of the holy 
congregation by the “murder- 
ous assault". 

Air India crash suspect freed 

Ottawa — One of two Cana- 
dian Sikhs charged with pos- 
sessing explosives has been 
discharged by a court in 
Duncan, British Colombia 
(John Best writes). 

Judge Robert Metzger re- 
leased Talwinder Singh 
Parmar, aged 42, after the 

prosecutor said expected evi- 
dence had not “materialized”. 

The hearing of the second 
defendant, Indeijit Singh 
Reyat. aged 34, was continu- 
ing yesterday. 

The two were arrested in 
November in connection with 
the crash of an Air India jet 

first rumours of a break- 
through in relations. 

Mr Stoessel also ranks as 
rather more titan an old 
pensioner. He headed the 
delegation to the recent cultur- 
al forum in Budapest, and is 
regarded id Wasteogton 
one of the most skilled practi- 
tioners in East-West contacts. 

US-Pbhsh relations wen 
one of the main casualties of 
the fractured links between 
East and West, Since the 
SovietrAmerican summit in 
Geneva the frosty relations 
seem to have made little sense. 
When Poland lifted martial 
law and amnestied several 
hundred political prisoners it 
answered some of Washing- 
ton's main comptamts. 

The United States, in tnni, 
has removed most, of its 
ec on omic sanctions against 
Poland, and it now seems 
certain that Warsaw will be 
allowed into the International 
Monetary Fund this year. But 
still the two. countries are 
locked into several bitter, 
minor rows, such as a protocol 
argument over accepting a 
new US ambassador. 

Mr Stoessel, who also met 
the Polish Primate, Cardinal 
Glean p, may have lifted US- 
Polish relations on to a more 
interesting plane. 

Spanish police chief 
cleared after appeal 

Frran Richard Madrid 

To the defight of Spain's 
police, the Supreme Court has 
absolved the former chief of 

anti-terrorist sqnads, who had 
been found guilty by a lower 
court of refusing to disclose 
the names of three gunmen, 
bettered In be anti-ten wist 
Nt-mea, whom he had re- 
leased after a shooting 

m ni f fi iL 

However, a spokesman foe 
Spain's Judges for Democracy 
movement snU the judgement 
created “extraordinary risks’* 
by appa rently reducing “the 
already restricted powers the 
courts exercise over increas- 
ingly autonomous police 

“1 am defending the state,** 

Seder Mauael BaBestwes, the 
chief of the anti-terrorist 
squads fer four years daring 
Centre Democrat pwera 
meats, told the appeal coart. 

The five judges foand mami- 
mously that the 50-year-old 
Police Commissioner had not 

acted with saOce when be 
declined six times to giro an 
investigating magistrate the 
■mv* of three wd gunmen 
and acquitted hhn. - 

The men had been held 
responsible by the lower camt 
for a shootfeg inddeut m 
which two people were 3d&ed 
and ten etfaero nyored In a bar 

frequented by Spanish] 
Basques in Headuye, 
the French frontier, te Nbrom-f 
ber 1989. 

Sefior Ballesteros ordered, 
the men set free wfiSweill 
charges after they crashedr 
throat the Spanish frontier! 
post shortly after the! 
shootings in' a car with fitisej 

The Supreme Court justified!, 
the Commmsfeaer’s “error", 
bearing in mind ids capacity*®! 
confidante of “mercenaries i s! 
the anti-tenurist 
as the judges d es c r ibed tire 
three men — and the need to 
uphold morale 

The court quashed the rd- 
ing of a San Sebastian court to 
May last year sente n cing tire 
anti -teriea st chief to three 
years’ sus p en si on from ad 
nofice duties for fiufiag to 
coBahorate with justice. 

That rating marked the first 
•Sm* since me ad veto of de- 
mocracy in 1977 that a Span- 
ish pdee chief had bear so 
punished. It provoked intense 
police in Madrid, and when 
the appeal came before tire 
Supreme Corat both Interior 
Ministry officials and the 
chief pabfic proseo 
Sedor Ballesteros. 

Canada dollar 
note replaced 
by nickel coin 

Ottawa — The Canadian $1 
note is to be replaced after 117 
years of service by an II- 
sided, gold-coloured coin 
(John Best writes). 

The first of 300 mfltion new 
coin dollars, made of nickel, 

will appear in January, the rest 

following over three years. 
The dollar note w21 fie with- 
drawn during 1989, after 

which ilwiD no longer be legal 

tender. . . 

Announcing the change uus 
week, Mr Stewart Mcmnes, 
Minister of Supply and Ser- 
vices. foifl that two surveys in 
the fast flute years indicated 
that moji (vpM»ni 5 favoured 
a coin dollar. 

Lahore needy 
cause Mother 
Theresa grief 

ichwnahiMi — Mother Tere- 
sa, who is in Lahore to see 
some of Pakistan's projects for 
children, could 


learnt that only 1.500 of an 
estimated 75.0d0 menially .re- 
tarded children in the Pmyab 

cranial are receiving medical 
attention (Hasan Akhtar 

writes). . 

It is only m recoil years that 
decent, scientifically-run cen- 
tres have been established m 
Pakistan in place of Dickens- 
an43ce orphanages. Accord- 
ing to a Lahore press report, 
Mother Teresa quivered in 
agony but remained silent 
when she heard the figures. 

At Vh to 5 tonnes GVW; only one van and chassis cab range is 
powered by a direct injection turbocharged diesel: the new 
Di TurboDaiiy 

Ids a work! first from IV ECO, one of the workft foremost diesel 
engine manufacturers. 


Direct infection makes the new Di TurboDaiiy one of the most 
economical vehicles of its type In the world. 

Turbochargl ng dramatical iy improves driveability by increasing 
power by 28% to 92 hp and ratsi rig torque by 47% to a massive 
159 lb ft 

At 70 mph, the Di TurboDaiiy engine revs significantly slower 
than its standard compel tors giving unrivalled economy reliability 
and engine life. 


The underlying strength of the Daily is its unique chassis. Steel 
Groction longitudinals connected by riveted cross members give 
the Dally the built-in strength to take any kind of body equipment 
from a box to a tipper, from a Luton to our own factory bulk h igh 
roof van. 


The Di TurboDaJlyi car-like ride is enhanced by a quiet car-llke 

Iveco's own aerodynamic pack for box bodied Dailys can reduce 
the drag co-efficient by 31 % and improve fuel economy by up to 
10 %. 

And that’s just the start of the Di TurboDailyk economy story. 


Whichever way you drive the D) TurboDaiiy the competition 
can't match it. 

When driven in convoy behind a Ford Transit Di 190 and 
Mercedes 307D, all ladenat 3.5 tonnes, the Di TurboDaiiy proved 
the most economical? 

Over Commercial Motor's 210 mile Welsh Route, at an average 
speed of 51 mph, it returned 24.8 mpg- better chan the Ford and 
much better than the Mercedes. 


When we tested the Di TurboDaiiy our way, the Ford Transit 
Di 190 just couldn't catch iL At the end of a 223 mile journey the 
Di TurboDaiiy was forty minutes ahead on journey time. And the 
economy figures? There was nothing to choose between them. 


Whether you test drive the Di TurboDaiiy their way or our way, 
nothing can match it or catch iL Test drive it today at your I veto 
Dealer, Or call Eric Budworth on 0606 593400. 

Di TurboDaiiy 

•manufacturer conducted test. 

Nothing can match it or catch it, 

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ij nb. 'll Mjsi i'iiLiKaf DAY MARCH 2/ 

j. * * * * 

Troubled New Zealand 

opposition party 
drops unpopular leader 

From Richard Long, Wellington 

New Zealand's troubled op- 
position National Parly yes- 
terday dumped its leader, Mr 
Jim McLay, aged 41, a lawyer. 
It replaced him with a conser- 
vative farmer and father of 
nine, Mr Jim Bolger, aged 53, 
the former deputy leader. 

One of the party's most 
experienced former Cabinet 
ministers, Mr George Gair, 
aged 59, was elected as the 
new deputy. Mr McLay was 
seen as a victim of the opinion 
polls, and the coup at 
yesterday's meeting of the 
party caucus came as no great 

Mr McLay, who succeeded 
Sir Robert Muldoon 16 
months ago, alter the National 
Party lost a general election, 
had in recent months been 
setting new records for low 
polling figures, dropping to 
only 3.2 per cent support as 
the preferred Prime Minister. 

This compared with the 16 
per cent for Sir Robert 
Muldoon, the man he ousted, 
32 per cent for the Prime 
Minister. Mr David Lange, 
and 6 per cent for Mr Bolger. 

While a coup attempt, 
against Mr McLay foiled last 
year, officials said MFs were 
unnerved by the continued 
poor showing of Mr McLay. 
and that this was exaggerated 

by the concern shows at party 
branch annual meetings. 

Sir Robert has also waged a 
campaign of criticism a g a in st 
Mr McLay. When Mr McLay 
responded by sending Sir Rob- 
ert to the back-bench in 
October, Sir Robert finned: 
“It’s just the latest action by a 
panic-stricken leader, who 
now, I think, has reached the 
stage when it's not just a 
question of whether he goes, 
but when. It is a crazy reaction 
which indicates he is totally 
unfit to lead the National 

The leadership changeover 
was viewed with concern by 
some party officials who saw it 
as part ofa battle on economic 

Mr McLay had led the free 
market faction in the national 
caucus, while Mr Bolger in 
recent speeches had backed a 
return to a policy of selective 
intervention. This had gained 
strong support in rural constit- 
uencies hard-hit by the free- 
market policies of Mr Roger 
Douglas, the Labour 
Government's Finance 

Some National Party offi- 
cials considered Mr Bolger 
would have to take a cautious 
line or would risk turning the 
party into a New Zealand 
version of the Australian Na- 

tional Party — a party of the 
rural rump with little urban 
support To regain power, the 
National Party had to win 
back urban electorates and 
also B*i n business support, 
they warned. 

Mr Bolger, a conservative 
catholic and father of nine, 
represents the central North 
Island electorate of King 
County. In his last Cabinet 
post he held the labour portfo- 
lio and guided a controversial 
voluntary unionism Bill 
through Parliament against 
angry union opposition. He 
has strongly opposed homo- 
sexual and abortion law 

Mr McLay said after 
yesterday's secret vote that he 
would support Mr Bolger. 

Meanwhile, in another de- 
velopment in a day of political 
turmoil, the small New Zea- 
land Party, which contested 
the last election in protest at 
Sir Robert Muldoon's inter- 
ventionist economic policies, 
said that it was merging with 
the National Party. _ 

This was an important 
move for t he National Party 
as the NZP, while gaming only 
12.5 per cent of the vote and 
no seats, was instrumental in 
pfnijring the NP to lose a string 
of key marginal seats — and 
the election. 

President Hood Mubarak of 

rote that he - _ 

Bangladeshi girls sold as slaves 

of political O Hrvoj Pairi- In addition toPalristaxL 

Delhi (AFP) -■ Save nut- She described how Pala- 
ners are smuggling stani agents told her she was to 
RangiaHrehi girls into India to be sold and that she should 
be sold in Pakistan and Gulf accompany them to her new 
countries as concubines, aid master. She managed to es- 
workers have charged here. cape at a Delhi railway station. 

Indian couples also sell their A gill normally fetches 
daughters for money, Mr 5,000 rupees (about £270), Mr 

In addition to Pakistan, the 
girts are being sent to bran, 
Iraq, Kuwait and the United 
Arab Emirates, Mr Pratap 

cape at a Delhi railway station. 

A girl normally fetches 
5,000 rupees (about £270), Mr 

Dfcrreudra Pratap of the AH- Pratap said. If she has a fair 
India Students for Dcmocra- complexion, the price is dou- 
cy, said. His organization bled. It is believed that as 
rescued a 17-year-old many as 10 girts a month are 
Bangladeshi girt when it broke sold in Delhi. The number is 
up a slave-running racket here higher in towns closer to the 
last month. Indo-Pakistan border. 

Police officials privately ad- 
mit the existence of the traffic 
in female slaves, but will pat 
divulge official figures on it. 

The Bangladesh Govern- 
ment, which says it has heard 
the allegations before, denies 
them ana insists that none of 
its nationals arrive in India 
clandestinely. - 





National Savings Income Bonds 
give you a regular monthly income 
without touching your savings. 

The difference a regular income makes. Income Bonds 
currently pay 12% p^. gross. The rate paid may be changed from time 
to time to keep it competitive. 

r . * l l* l 1 . t 1 • 1 t* . .. 

r .. ■Ki-SiX 'r< v f T 

Interest is calculated on a day to day basis and sent direct to 
your home or your bank on the 5tn of each month. It is paid in full 
and is subject to tax if you are a taxpayer 

This is what 12% p.a. earns you every month: 

■ Tr W V,..-: * • ■ T::.. . i..* -j::: 

£ 8,000 

G 1 

£ 18,000 


£ 5,000 


£ 10,000 


£ 20,000 


£ 6,000 


£ 13,000 


£ 25,000 

£250 : ■ 

£ 7,000 


£ 15,000 


£ 50,000 

£500 . 

When it comes to enjoying life, an investment in National 
Savings Income Bonds can make all the difference. Interest is paid 
monthly, so you get extra money coming in regularly to spend 
enjoying life or simply to help pay the bills. 

(Each additional HfiOQ invested produces on range of£W a montfa-£l20 a jeaLMxsmnaabot^^tMfiOOi 

Getting your money out You need give only 3 months* 
notice to have any Bond repaid. And there will be no loss of interest 
if youVe held your Bond for a year or more. 

(For details of repayment, see paragraph 6 of the prospectus below.) 

Invest here and now.^bu can be sure your investment will 
always provide a worthwhile income -month in, month out . 

Ail you have to do is complete the coupon and send it with 
your cheque (payable to ‘National Savings?) to NSIB, Bonds arid 
Stock Office, Blackpool, Lancs. FY3 9YE Or ask for an application 
form at your Post Office. 

It’s probably the most enjoyable investment you’ll ever make. 

National Savings INCOME BONDS Sfe 


PROSPECTUS 7 October 1984 

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To NSIB, Bonds and Stock Office; Blackpool, FY39YP 

rr\ l/V\teaa^thetemoftteProg)ectus 

L -/ andappiyfaraBondloihevdueof - £ ^ 

Sumamels) Fufl Christian name(s) or focwi 

Fifl Christian nameti) or forename^) 

initial minimum of £ 2 j 000 
and rrnJtples of £ 1,000 
toa maxmmnofgQiOOO 






Day Month 

Date of Hath 


f 4 )l DIVIDENDS TO BF P 61 D B>‘ CJiSJIT T 0 0 fn 0 (IOdNdliOnaiSaurqi 6 i(iifcOf Othatiar*di outi( enter 
I io should b»» vent 

Sank iarang oije Shaw n thp top nght 
handaieactfyOtP'ow heoub. 

5^nawelii | 

from overseas 


boiwwmgs thfc year t»^<^bH^calagora^ 

over foreigD debt and com - 
menial borrowings,, senior 
Chinese officials said 
yesterday. • 

to the National People's Con- 

loans would account for 5.5 

from 2.5 bfifron yuan ta 1985- 

Mr Song Pmg, the State 
P lanning Minister, said for- 
ej gn trade would, total about 
£38 bfifion, down from about 
£40 billion last year, with 
increased exports and de- 
creased imports to achieve a 
basic balance in foreign 
exchange. , 

China’s record trade deficit 
of about £20 bOtioa in :1985 
was not mentioned by other 

Grain production, which 
dropped from a record 407 
million toss in 1984 to 378 
million ions last year.- was 
forecast to reach at least 400 
millio n ions through a moder- 
ate increase is agricnhinal. 
investment and economic pol- 
icies to assist gram growers. 

Defence spending was bod- 1 
geted at about £4 billion. 
Mihiary analysts however, 
said tins figure, up by abcut 
£84 nriffionL undercaiinaled 

rowings wiu w a mere 
of the £44 bdfiou 1986 bal- 
anced-budget. Western bank- 
etssaid they were stifl likely to 
be official loans from the 
World Bank and taber go veni- 
naents, short-term commereiel 
joaastmd a bantffixl of Qiinese 
bonds floated overseas. 

State control, over foreign 
commercial borrowings was to 
be strengthened with the Bank 
of China, the foreign exchange 
bai^having the otain respon- 
sibility for contracting foreign 

Anatots said the combina- 
tion dr increased borrowings 
and tetter control reflected a 
c oa pn a iae between econo- 
mists in fovour of more 
Tmrrowing and traditionalists 
opposed to going into debt 
Average urban wages will 
rise 7 per cent dura® 1985, as 
wzH tire par capita set income 
in raid ares. Urban prices 
will be kept basically stable, 
however, and special attention 
wffi be riven to the prices of 
vegetehKS and other major 

. Interest rates wifi go up on 
national savings bonds, the 
: mandatory purchase of which 
brings fieqnent complaints 
Stateaid to underdeveloped 
are as wifi total about £167 

' milling . 

Turmoil in Liberia 

to rule of Doe 

FhuRiMETeRttMsflnnfo- . 

The ‘political ata a tifla m muneri placards attacked 
Ubem isdeteriorarii^ rapid- private schools that had tt- 
Iy in the wake of last week’s mahted open despite the 
stndoit riots and the basaring strike, smashi n g windows and 
of a tally called by the foraagpapils and teachers out 
Oppoofion parties, accorifing of fee dassromns. They also 
todiptosaatsliere. • overtaraed cats and erected 

“People have reached barricades in the streets cans- 
breakmg print,” a veteran log thousands of dollars in 
Lflierian jemmalist said- He d mta g e. . 
noted that a variety ri pretest President Doe called oat the 
measures were being, eaaridr Army and soldiers dispersed 
ered by Liberfens opposed to the {mpHsvritik whips and tear 
the Goverment of President- gas. The President then an- 
SanmdDoe. noancedtheiranedntedosve 

The tensions date bade to riaBschoob for Easter break, 
last October’s elections. De- The oppositioB Liberia Ao 
spife offidal denials, it. is. tios Partyy the Unity Party 
widely believed here that Geo- and ffie .Lffieria Unification 
end Doe nsed itoHmdation and decided to hold a joint 

vote^riggBwtosecmeavicto^f .mass, rafiy . of their recently 
for himself and Ms Natiomd formed grand coalition. How- 
Democratic Party. rf LSberia, ever, tile government filed a 
wMdt gained a majority in the writ of _ prohibition in the 
Bwomaal^aitee. . courts against the rally oiga- 
Frastration over the election nizexs and threatened to take 
nesnte is paid to have been a the u marimnm security mea- 
awtribatiag factor to ffieabor- sores necessary”, 
five November coup attempt The opposition said it woeM 
led fey former General Thomas pursue legal means to get 
Qmwonkpa, who died hi the permission for the rally, bat 
fighting. sources dose to the grand 

A new con sti t u tion came coalition said thee coald be a 
inteeffecton January 6, when call for a general strike later 
General Doe was inaugurated this week, 
as civfliaB President, and op- “This is the beginning of the 

position politicians say this end for Doe,” a diplomat said, 
las encouraged them to seek daiming that *h is no longer a 
freedoms denied under tike question of if, hot when.” 
military regime he used to 

In the past two weeks a 
banned newspaper has reap- 
peared, the banned United 
People’s Party has said it will 

three otfaar.oppsrition -parties 
have formed a “grand 
coafition” and teachers have 
gone on strike over . salary 
arrears dating back to 

The teachers' walk-out trig- 
gered riots fey pupils wiu, 
frustrated by lost dass time 
and steadily declining exami- 
nation resahs, staged a protest 

School poidtocanyiaganti- President Doe: called out 
private school and anti-gov- troops against pupils. 

Editor defends Reuter 
journalist ordered out 

Sing apore (Reuter) — Reu- the survivor whb tire pensis- 

am of the hospial ««hori- 

yesterday a&r the Singapore Mr Maodowafi said^X have 
G overnm ent had accused her heard a tape recording of the 
of irresponsible reporting, re- third interview. He was per- 
voked her employment pass, fectly lurid and criicrent and 
and given her 48 hours to Miss Odchimar’s report is an 

leave. am m w p . suwuint " 

President Doe called ont the 
Army and. soldiers dispersed 
the ptipHs with whips and tear 
gas. The President then an- 
namced the immediate dosare 
tfaBsAodsfer Easter break. 

Theopporitfon Liberia Ac- 
tios Party, the Unity Party 
and tbe Lfoeria Unification 
Party decided to hold a joint 
mass. raHy of their recently 
formed grand coalition. How- 
ever, the goveruneat filed a 
writ of .prohibition in the 
cents against the rally mga- 
nizera and threatened to take 
the “maximum security mea- 
sures necessary”. 

The exposition said it wonld 
pursue legal means to get 
permission for the rally, bat 
sources dose to the grand 
coalition said thee coald be a 
call for a general strike later 

“Thb h the beginning of the 
end for Doe,” a diplomat said, 
daiming that *h is no longer a 
question of if, hot when.” 

yoked her employment pass, fectly lucid and coherent and 
and given her 48 hours to Miss Odchimar’s report is an 
leave. accu r at e account " 

She wasjjrdeod ont be- •LONDON: According to 
cause of a story she wrote on Singapore's acting High Cotn- 
Mardi 18 quoting a survivor mSSer Sandra, Mr 

nf 9 NinOOTVnv Knlol . wj.i ‘ . . -utowu, 

worker demand money from a 
dying woman before frying to 
save her. 

Reuter's Asian Editor, Mr 
Ian Maodowall, who ferw with 
Miss Otkdumar to Hong 
Kong, said before leaving: 
“Miss Odchimar is accused of 
having interviewed a survivor 
of the hotel disaster while he 
was delirious in hospital, of 
not seeking to verify his 
allegations and of giving, a 
false impression of the rescue 

“With other- journalists, 
Miss Odchimar interviewed 

p— — was initi- 
ated immediately after tire 
report appeared on the wire 
service. After Careful investi- 
gation, the police had condud- 
ed that the allegations were 
unfounded (Our Diplomatic 
Correspondent writes). 

Mr Kesavapany said that 
foe survivor interviewed by 
Miss Odchimar, Mr Boev 
Mun Wn, had born examined 
by hospital doctors, who 
found mat be bad his 
allegations while suffering 

fro ? “post-disaster 

Defector blames Seoul 

TaW /A»v . .. • - - - 

Tokyo (API — A South 
Korean intelligence officer 
who defected to the Nonh 
condemned relations between 
Seoul and Washington and 
described ihe South’s intelli- 
gence operations at a news 
conference in Pyongyane. 
North Korea’s official news 
agency said yesterday 

_The report, monitored m 
Tokyo, said Mr Chong Dong 
Ik decided to defect “when he 
realized with bitterness that 
the South Korean rulers are 
not concerned about ibe fu- 
ture of foe nation” 

The South's intelligence or* 

nnivMlAM , 

iration was nothing other 
n a section of the HA •' 



*• '-T t -.l .• 

1 , •• 

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'... .. ... 


T he case of the business- 
man who builds up his 
office from a staff of 16 to 
one of 4.300 sounds like 
an episode from a Victorian self- 
• improvement tract. A business- 
man who does ii in a single week 
might sound far gone in expan- 
sionist arrogance. A man who. like 
Sir Godfrey Taylor, commodore 
of the cutting-up expedition 
against the Greater London Coun- 
cil. does so with every intention of 
running the operation down to 
2.000 within a year and complete 
closure within live vears has 
evidently embraced staff turnover 
as an end in itself. But that is 
exactly the business of “Tag" 

Chairman of London's smallest 
business with a budget of £600 
million and a penthouse office 
surveying Trafalgar Square. Tay- 
lor. aged 60, is the assigned 
recipient of all the unresolved 
squabbles and headaches left be- 
hind by the aboliiion of the GLC. 
Few issues in the life of this 
Government have engendered 
such apocalyptic outbursts of par- 
liamentary rage and alarm. All the 
functions of that embodiment of 
the cockney democratic spirit, it 
was claimed, were to be assigned 
to faceless bureaucrats, natural 
butts for public resentment over 
every’ hiccup in the immensely 
complicated transfer of power. 

The very name of the organiza- 
tion created to pick up the loose 
ends — the London Residuary 
Body — has a dismal, funereal air. 
as if it should be staffed by 
morticians and executors of will£ 
The apocalypse is due this 
weekend, and the chief of the 16 
faceless bureaucrats, a trim, for- 
merwartime pilot with handlebar 
eyebrows and a penchant for fast 
cars, is visibly thriving on the 

“I think our problems are just 
beginning”, he barks breezily. “So 
■ far. it has gone much more 
smoothly than I would ever have 
thought. But we have been dealing 
mainly with the big things. They 
tend to take care of themselves — 
the resources are there and, bingo, 
it happens. It is the small things 
that take time to resolve.” 

As the man in charge of the yard 

where the hulk of the GLC is being 
broken up, he has the special 

qualification of having beeit one of 
those who helped to design the 
vessel 1 1 years ago. And though he 
is firmly convinced that the GLC 
is so wasteful and pretentious that 
it richly deserves abolition, he is 
not sure that in the end London 
will not need some form of 
strategic authority to replace it 
“I happen to believe that there 
may be a requirement for some 
strategic powers to be devolved to 
Greater London. I regard our job 
here as producing what I call a flat 
surface. Then in five or 10 years, 
the politicians will be able to say, 
‘Do we need a strategic authority 
or not?' But if there is one, it will 
have to be strictly confined, 
because the lack of stria confine- 
ment has been the cause of the 
GLCs self-destruction.” 

hen the beleagured 
Patrick Jenkin was 
casting around for 
someone to wind up 
the GLC estate. Tag Taylor (the 
nickname is a compression of 
“Taylor, A.G.” in local govern- 
ment year-books) was a natural 
choice. He had years of experience 
in London local government and 
proven managerial ability as well, 
both in business and as chairman 
of the Southern Water Authority. 

“The whole thing had become 
so political we thought it had to be 
a politician doing the job, rather 
than someone like a GLC 
official”, Jenkin says. “Tag is a 
robust man who understands the 
politics and does not hesitate to 
speak his mind: someone with 
whom moderate Labour politi- 
cians, af least, could get on." 

According to Tom Caulcott, 
who was secretary of the Associa- 
tion of Metropolitan Authorities 
when Taylor led the Tory opposi- 
tion there. Taylor entered so 
robustly into the fray when the 
association was campaigning 
against Jenkin 's unitary grant 
proposals that some Labour mem- 
bers were half-seriously saying 
they wished they could make him 

He is decidedly on the wet side 
of his party, with firm ideas about 
constitutional propriety, and a 


1925: Bom Manchester. Educated 
at Stockport Secondary 
Scho5!s«»nd World wan 
■ Fleet Air Arm. _ . 

1945: Married Eileen Dorothy 

Daniefc one son. three 

1951: CouncBtor. Sutton a nd 
Cheam (leader, London 
borough of Sutton 1961-72). 

1989-71: Chairman. London 

Boroughs Association. 
1978-80: Chairman. Assoeaton of 
Metropolitan Authorities. 
1981: Chairman, Southern Water 

of Greater 

1984-85: High: 

London. - ' ' 

May 1985c Chairman. London 
Residuary Bod*. 

phrase about where the buck stops 
is often on his lips, and be points 
out almost wistfully that in the 
transfer of London services, the 
buck wifl stop with him less often, 
and mote briefly, than popular 
demonology might suppose. 

The GLC was never as impor- 
tant a provider of services as its 
public image implied. Ken Living- 
stone was^not the first leader oftbe 
council to pass himself off as 
virtually the Prime Minister of 
London. It is the London bor- 
oughs which are responsible for SO 
per cent of council services in 
London, and in the bora^hs the 
men of weight — Sir Godfrey was 
one of them for many years — 
traditionally' resented this exer- 
cise in effortless superiority. Now 
it is a borough man who presides 
over the dismemberment of the 
great rival, and the boroughs 
which inherit most of its responsi- 
bilities. These include planning, 
parks, traffic, fire-fighting, historic 
buildings and waste disposal. The 
GLCs remaining housing respon- 
sibilities and its co ntro v e rsial 
powers to make grants to favoured 
organizations will pass to the 
boroughs, or be shared -between . 
them and- WhitefaalL 

Godfrey, who evkjemfy approves 
of those who get their feet wet. 

He is emitted to crow a liaJefor 
having played on the 
Government's anxiety to avoid a 
trtjubfesame transition, and per- 
suaded ministers to relax restric- 
tions on the use of mongage 
repayments, thus reducing the 
LRS*s- burden da ratepayers to 
below a third of initial estimates. 
Some Westminster Tories are still 
a little resentful of bis su cce ss in 
this fine: “They opened their 
mouth a little wide", aae of them 
put it. He b one of the few 
remaining Tories who still speak 
confidently of abolition as a 

money-saving exercise. 

’.e las briskly steered 
clear of many of the 
political minefields of 
> the situation by insist- 
ing that his business lies essential- 
ly with the officials who ran 
council services, and not with the 
councillors who make the policies. 
With a subtle sense of protocol, he 
- has resisted that he should stay in 
his office while others — including 
Ken ^Livingstone hhnsdf on occa- 
sion-make their way to his 
door fie has entered County Hall 

Handlebar eyebrows, an understanding of politics, briskly exer cise d authority: Sr Godfrey hi his office 

social conscience. It is said he 
disapproves of the Government's 
recent plans to privatize England's 
water authorities, on the very un- 
Thatcherite grounds that natural 
monopolies are better off publicly 

Tag Taylor is far from being one 
of those whose Toryism is heredi- 
tary. Son of a Manchester 
railwayman, he went from school 
into apprenticeship as a costing 
clerk in a printing company, but 
soon left to join the Fleet Air Arm. 
seeing active service as a pilot in 
the vast airbom Pacific camp ai g ns 
in HMS Implacable. 

After the war he returned to the 
printing industry and in 1964 
formed his own company, print- 

ing computer paperwork. When 
he was bought out he was left with 
a golden handshake and time on 
his hands. Despite his insubordi- 
nation over unitary grants, the 
Government offered him the 
chairmanship of the SWA. He 
enjoyed himself there: the two 
main decorations in his rather 
spare office are pictures oftbe old 
Ark Royal and an aerial view of 
one of his favourite reservoirs. , 
From his lofty office be is able 
to look across and salute Nelson 
on his column every morning, and 
he also cocks a weather eye to 
judge the prospects for golf a 
game be plays with skill and 
dedication. He lives in Hove with 
his wife. Eileen. 

Fast cars are another passion. 
Not long ago he was buying a 
powerful new thre e - li t r e sports - 
car, and die young salesman was a 
little concerned that it might be 
unduly sporty for a buyer of his 
years. The eyebrows bnstled and 
he replied: “When I was your age, 
young man, 1 was flying Seafires.” . 

The brisk exercise of authority 
comes naturally to him and people 
talking nonsense are at risk of 
finding the eyebrows unnervingly 
brought to bear on them, as well as 
a machine-gun barrage of “No. no, 

The pilot of post-Li vingstonian 
London is unlikely to be daunted 
by any of the attacks he can expect 
in the coming months. The old 

The residuary body has ended 
up with the GLCs drills, assets, 
mortgage and pension commit- 
ments, those of its 21,500 
workforce who have not been 
assigned to other employers and 
anything where the bonod^ can- 
not agree on how to share out tiior 
windfall In practice, ; this last 
category has boiled down to 
Hampstead Heath and a few half 1 
forgotten services like giving per- 
mission for the passage 
carrying abnormal loads. 

ityHaflfa one oftbe 10,000 
.pieces of GLC properiy which 
remain to be disposed of and is 

. “We are not just sitting bad: 
waiting for the boroughs to fight it 
an out between themselves. It is 
not for us to decide a solution, bat 
to .recommend. One of my board 
members is already, dis cussing the 
future of Hampstead Heath with 
the three boroughs, which cannot - 
agree who should run it He’s 
getting his " feet wet", says Sir 

likriy to go on the market shortly 
after a feasibility report next 
month. Perhaps Tag Taylor's 
avoidance of that great monument 
of ranniripal megalomania is an 
acknowledgement of the s inis t e r 
psychological effect it can have cm 
Us- occupants. Its imperial gran- 
deur seemsto impel quasi-imperi- 
ri bureoncracks to unfold almost 
of their own volition. No move 
has rimae from Westminster; says 
Taylor, to take the building oyer 
as airMPs’ secretarial — and wise- 
ly so. Of this one can be sure: 
nothing- will ever induce Tag 
TayJor rolet his staff loose in its 
Parkinsonian corridors and risk 
felling prey td the *ame malig n 

George Hill 

Old Country blues 

Really Dry Gin 

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The big changes currently 
afoot in country music were 
indicated by Hank Williams 
Jnr as long ago as 1979, when 
he sang “country music sing- 
ers have always been a real 
close family. But lately some 
of my kinfolks have disowned 
a few others and me . . .” 

He was referring to the way 
in which “new" country music 
artists, such as himself, have 
broken with many traditions 
of the old Nashville version. It 
is to draw attention to the 
music of Hank and his kind 
that a British media campaign 
called Discover New Country 
is now in full swing. 

Ironically, the biggest event 
on the British country calen- 
dar, the 1 8th Silk Cut Festival, 
to be held at Wembley this 
weekend, is not an occasion 
that record company strate- 
gists are particularly keen to 
emphasize. If anything, the 
festival is thought to represent 
an embarrassing popular im- 
age of country music that the 
Discover New Country cam- 
paign would prefer to play 
down, if not discard. 

Discover New Country, 
with its motto “Leave The 
Wagon Wheels Behind”, is a 
specific attempt to rid the 
music of some of its less 
endearing stereotyped images, 
and thereby lure back a gener- 
ation of potential buyers. In a 
1 984 MORI poll 49 per cent of 
respondants said they liked 
country music, a percentage 
second only to that of people 
who said they liked pop music 
(5 1 per cent) and well ahead of 
those for classical (46 per 
cent). But this was not reflect- 
ed in record sales. Hence the 

Country music fans 

stage their British 

festival this 

weekend. How fares 

the cowboy image? 

quoted Tammy Wynette as 
saying: “If this trend contin- 
ues, there won't be any more 
country stars, because there 
won't be any money in it". 

The article was not received 
with enthusiasm. “That story 
was a bit dated”, says George 
Hamilton IV, an old school 
country gentleman, who will 
be performing and compering 
at the Wembley Festival, wag- 
on wheels or not. “He was 
quoting figures comparative 
to the boom period that 
country enjoyed after the Ur- 
ban Cowboy movie in 1980. 
For a while, everybody was 
cowboy conscious, and sales 

country from the immensely 
popular Music Television 
(MTV) cable channel and 
other pop music video outlets. 
Steven Greenberg, a research 
scholar at the Pennsylvania 
University School of Comm- 
unication noted that “1975 to 
1982 marked country's most 
successful cross-over period 
ever, with 1983-85. (when 
MTV gained its ascendency)- 

marking one of its wont 
droughts. The early decision 
to exdude it from (video) 
programming was what rele- 
gated country music to the 
fringes of the pop world.” 

Could it be, then, that the 
New Country campaign is 
simply a British marketing 
ploy by the American record 

“Absolutely not", said Cyn- 
thia Leu, European manager 
of the country Music Associa- 
tion. “These acts are hugely 
successful in the States, and 
new artists like Rosanne Cash 
and the Judds really represent 
what is going to rejuvenate 

Leu suggests that in Britain, 
there are two groups of sup- 
porters; one is the gang that 
goes to the Easter festival with 
the boots and the hats and the 
spurs. They are the specialist 
end of the market, and they 
want to bear Hank Snow, 
Billie Jo Spears, Charlie Pride, 
“Crystal Chandelier” and 
“Blanket On The Ground”. 

“We’re simply saying to the 
find that 

New country: Rosaane Cash 


“Like the Stars and Stripes 
itself, the Nashville sound is 
coloured red, white and blue; 
red-necked, white-faced and 
blue-collared — and proud if 
it”. This perception of tradi- 
tional country music, as de- 
scribed in a recent Channel 4 
programme. Down Home, 
with Aly Bain, is ihe image 

that many people fear is 
iff c 

putting off potential buyers. 

It is a description that 
Rosanne Cash, daughter of 
Johnny Cash, and one of the 
key artists in the campaign, 
recognizes but deplores. 
“There is an element in the 
South that is proud of being 
ignoranL They want to be as 
non-intellectual as they can 
get. They don't see that in 
country music any more. The 
statement is too general, and 
about 20 years behind the 

Sales of traditional country 
music records have taken a 
tumble in recent years, and a 
from page article by Robert 
Palmer in The New York 
Times last September titled 
“Country Music in Decline” 

rocketed, but once the fad 
passed, things settled down to 
roughly their former level” 

But everyone agrees that the 
decline of sales in country 
music has been inexorably 
hastened by the radio pro- 
gramming policies on country 
stations in America. “There’s 
such a short list of songs being 
played that a lot of people are 
becoming bored with the song 
before they ever get around to 
buying the record”, complains 
Hamilton.“Wiih a song com- 
ing up 12 times a day, it’s 
either that or they tape it” 

“Country radio is sick", 
agrees Rosanne Cash. “It is 
disgusting. They play by artist 
the don't play by music. If 
somebody that they're calling 
a country artist is making the 
most awful Las Vegas type 
rubbish, they’ll play it and 
somebody like Los Lobos, 
who 1 think are malting in- 
credible. pure country music 
they won’t play, because 
they're ‘a rock group’”. This, 
of course, stifles the emer- 
gence of new talent and 
confirms the ossification of 
interest in the genre. 

Another problem in Ameri- 
ca may also be the exclusion of 

other people, who and mat a 
little off-putting, that country 
music is much broader than 
that This is an umbrella 
campaign to introduce newer 
artists like Sawyer Brown. 
George Strait Alabama and 
Don Williams that do have a 
broader appeal/’ 

How do the old country 
stars feel about the bright new 
breed of marketing men? 
George Hamilton, in typically 
generous fashion, said: “1 

hope the artists that are being 

promoted do well they 
deserve to. And I applaud the 
record companies’ good inten- 
tions. But rm'conceraed that 
they don't throw the baby out 
with the wash. British country 
is a fragile flower, but not a 
plastic one." 

He is also quick to challenge 
the “wagon wheels” theory of 
old country. “You tell Charlie 
Pride that country is white- 
faced, or ask Johnny Cash 
whether it’s red-necked. I'm a 
Democrat and 1 know a lot of 
performers m country music 
who don't necessarily think 
that the Ku-Klux-Klan is the 
ideal club to join. The old 
cliche that it's all right-wing, 
racist, red-necked farmers and 
hill-billies is way out of line.” 

David Sinclair 


Today, Maundy Thursday, 
is the day on 1 which by 
tradition the Lord ChanoeBor 
publishes the list of b ar rister s 
lucky enough to be promoted 
to the apper ranks , of toe 
practising Bar. 

The privileged few wOl wear 
silk instead of cotton gowns, 
put QC for Queen's Counsel 
after their names and gain a 
passport in the long-term to 
much greater earnings. But, 
more important, taking silk is 
an essential stepppfng stone 
for any barrister aspiring, to 
the judiciary. 

The appointments system, 
as for all other promotion in 
the legal profession, has al- 
ways been shroaded in secre- 
cy. No reasons have been given 
for rejection and harrikers 
may have to apply ; several 
times before they are success- 

But there are signs that the 
veils are being lifted. Both the 
Lord Chancellor and the Bar 
now want the system to be 
more open; the Bar feels that 
although it works, Its secrecy 
breeds disco nte nt and suspi- 
cion, and for tire tost time 
therefore the process that goes 
cm behind dosed doors is soon 
to be explained to public and 
profession in a booklet from 
the Lord Chancellor’s Depart- 

In a recent speech toe Lind 
Chancellor has also explained 
tor toe first time how he goes 
about choosing judges and 
silks, toe criteria for selection 
and the methods. And he is 
now prepared to give reasons 
to a barrister who has beat 

The change comes against a 
background of controversy. 
Last Easter a dispute erupted 
over the omission from the list 
of QCs of Mr Richard Fergu- 
son, a leading Northern Ire- 
land barrister, who had 
recently moved to London. 
Ulster lawyers immediately 
claimed that this was a snub to 
the Northern Ireland bar and 

As one QC William 
Good hart, said: “Here we have 
a profession which prides 
itself on its ind e pendence from 
state control . . . and yet, at a 
critical stage of our careers, we 
have to apply to the Lord 
Chancellor — a member of the 
Cabinet — for a kind of official 
seal of approval which says 
that we are fit to be entrusted 
with work of tire heaviest and 
most responsible kind.” More 
recently the whole appoint- 
ments system for judges and 
silks was attacked by Judge 
Pickles, a circuit judge 

Moves are afoot to 

expose and reform 

the process that turns 

or more years. But toe secrecy 
of die system has in the past 
fostered suspicions that poli- 
tics count. 

a barrister into a 

Queen’s Counsel 

his officials with the circuit 
leaders, government law offi- 
cers, spedalist Bars — such as 
the criminal Bar or family law 
-Bar — and judges, fncludmg 
the beadsof the relevant High 
Court divisions. 

' Only a lew of toe aspiring 
applicants aae lucky. Of toe 
record 204 who pat their 
names forward last year, 31 
were appointed; this year 
248 — a new record — have 
applied but toe proportion, 
though not fixed, will be much 
the same. 

. Merit is said, to he toe sole 
criterion and barristers wfl] 
have usually practised for 10 

There have been proposals 
for reform. It is anomalous, 
critics believe, that toe Lord 
Chancellor and his civil ser- 
vants, a branch of government, 
should be involved in selecting 
the senior ranks of toe Bar. It 
does not happen within the 
sofidtors' branch of the pro- 
fession. The proposal has been 
made that the job should be 
removed entirely from the 
Lord Chancellor and placed 
with a committee of. QCs, 
headed hy a judge, who - it is 
argued - could do toe job just 
as weft. 

The changes now being 
made may stop short of rhy| r 
But any reform which sheds 
light on that most mysterious 
of professfons must be in toe 
public interest. . 

Trances Gibb 


8 Recovery-period 

.9 Pilot iword (3) . 

10 Rejoice in (9) ' 

J1 Neck doth (S) 

13 By that means (7) 
16 Shoukierboard (7) 
19 Money pouch (5) . 
22 Liseage(9) 

24 Through <3) 

25 Ship stain (13) 


1 Libra constellation 

2 Puzzle (6) : ' 

3 Vigilant (8) 

4 Ripe f 6) 

5 Blackleg (4> 

6 Overrun (6) 

7 Heterodoxy (6) 

12 Outdo (3). .. 

14 Advocate (g) 

15 Omnibus (3) 

16 Obliterate (fi) 

17 Equanimity(6) 
>8 Threokibed (6) 

20 Djvolge(6) • 

21 Pass by (6) 

23 SigMyoj>en(4) 

Candidates are invited in 
the autumn through newspa- 
pers and the professional 
press to put their names 
forward. The Lord Chancdlor 
then consults widely through 


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Upholstered Furniture 

Open daily until 18th April 
Afl items are for sale in i^rics to suit requirements, 

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.• .A, J 

The fiction this week rein- 
forces (be dkU thu ny^ 
American novelists paint on 
broad onvaaes,' whereas Brit- 
ish novelists are mi ni a m ris n 
Nothing' wrong with either 
approach, when done wett. 
..William Wharton's Pride 
stretches from 1896 to the end 
of the Great Depression, over 
state and class boundaries, 
with intimations, forward 'to 
the man-eaters more “horrible 
than lions, that were about to 
stalk the world. Its gory climax 
is borrowed from a real inci- 
dent that took place on 6 
October, 1938, in Wildwood, 
New Jersey, when a lion from 
a Wall of Death motorcycle 
act -on the promenade gyaped 
and killed a man. The book 
uses the social history and 
urban furniture of the Thirties 
to give an air of faction to an 
otherwise occasionally sensa- 
tional narrative. 

' Alternating* there are two 
stories on collision course. In 
one Cap Mulig is' Superboy: 
son . of Swedish immigrant 
parents scratching a living on 
a sxnalfiuriding in Wisconsin, 
war hero, lonec, racing driver, 
animal lover, and inventor of 
gadgets from the primitive 
bicycle gear to the first wash- 
ing machine. He is fatally 
attracted by machines and 
risks. During the bad years he 
trades lives to become a Wall 
of Death manager. 

The converging story is told 
by Dickie . Ketdeson, a ten- 
year-old boy whore blue-collar 
Dad is ground down by .the 
Depression, beaten up by 
company goons, and yetis an 
American man's a man for all 
that hero. Cap adopts a lion 
; cub, which grows, and learns 
to ride sidecar on the Wall of 
Death. Dickie rescues a starv- 
ing alley kitten, which he 
nicknames Cannibal (with 
good reason). 

The converging stories ex- 
plore various aspects of pride, 
and growing up, and love, and 
. coming to terms with a hard 
world. Maybe life's all some 
land of crazy accident, slowly 

Poor cat 

Philip Howard 


By William Wharton 

Cape, £9.95 

By Carlo Gehier 

Hamtsh Hamilton. £9.95 

By Nicholas Btest 

Hutchinson. £8.95 

By Iris Murdoch 

Chatto & Windus, £8.95 

unfolding, is which' everyone 
loses. On the other hand, 
maybe not The book is sound 
on cats; and offers as much 
curious matter on such topics 
as the oestrus in lions as a non- 
lion could want If sometimes 
the symbolism and moralizing 
about the animal in h uman 
nature, and the importance of 
looking through the bars oflife 
not at them goes over the top, 
this is an ambitious, adventur- 
ous, unusual novel. I liked it a 
lot. . 

Carlo Getter's second novel 
is, also a cleverly constructed 
mosaic, with its climax also at 
an historical event, in this care 
the eve of the wedding of the 
Prince and Princess, of Wales 
in 1981. You can guess the 
climax as inevitably as that 
poor old lion getting out of its 
cage. August Slemk (his 
Christian name is the reason 
for the bock's tiresome title) is 
a refugee from Poland who has 
become a successful London 
estate agent He is now 60, and 

going through a life crisis, 

life is^scTboring. and bis wife 
no longer loves Mm. One 
could trfl him why, if only be 
would listen. The book darts 
bacfcwaitfs and forwards in 
time and place, from the 
Thirties to the Eighties, and 
from Warsaw to the 
Goldhawk Road. It is tricky to 
write about loneliness and 
boredom without becoming 
boring. Carl Gutter is clever 
and psychologically percep- 
tive enough to pull off the 
trick. But his characters, 
though tossed by the storms of 
our century, are British minia- 
tures not American epics. 

. I have put Tennis and the 
Masai on my list of silly tides 
of the year. It is set in the 
uplands of Kenya in an En- 
glish prep school called Hag- 
gard Hall (houses: Gagool, 
Umbopq. Quatermarn). An 
English innocent called Mar- 
tin Riddle comes oat to teach 
. geometry and grow up. For the 
school-teaching profession, 
up-country Kenya must be the 
end of the line. There is a cast 
of grotesque and funny char- 
acters;; references to Heming- 
way, Haggard, and Waugh 
(which may be going too for); 
jolly japes and agreeable con- 
tradictions, in which the Ma- 
sai are the civilized and the 
old colonials are the savages. 
But as a theme for a novel, 
bow a spell in Africa will 
increase your self-confidence 
and get you through the 
R.GB. into a good line regi- 
ment is mini. 

Acastos is the Sturdy young 
voice of common sense in 
these two fictional Platonic 
dialogues, in which Socrates, 
fanatic young Plato, and their 
friends debate an and religion. 
Does morality depend on 
religion? Can you have reli- 
gion without mythology? 
Should governments control 
religion, and censor art? It is 
charmingly and cleverly done. 
And you cannot complain that 
its themes are not the great 
ones oflife and fiction. 

The Fabian woman of parts 

When Beatrice and Sydney 
Webb rafted Margaret and 
Doagfes Cole they took a cod- 
fish. Beatrice explained that 
when invited to visit aristo- 
cratic frien ds they were ex- 
pected to bring a salmon. A a 
nli— i was too expensive, she 
had hronght a cod instead. The 
Coles were the second great 
hnsbaad and wife Fabian pnrt- 
nmhip,^ a nd _^rar^m arria^ 

approval first Beatrice 
described then as “perfect 
fetelfcctoal companiop* - 

Betty Vernon has produced 
a readable if uncritical account 
of Margaret Cole's life. For 
haff a oratory Mrs Cole was at 
the centre of a circle of 
po&tidans and intel lectu als 
who helped to shape British 
Denocretie Sorfa fem. Her 
life’s work was de di c at ed to 
die Fabian Society, although 
she was also a member of the 
London County Council, as 
weR as a prolific antbor rang- 
ing from poetry to political 

We learn she grew op to the 
protected tart totdfectnaBy 
rigo r ous world of a Cambridge 
academic h ousehold. Her fa- 
ther, best known for 
Fostgate's Latin Primer, in- 
sisted fiat his duktraa should 
not only read and write Lathi 
but alto converse to it At 
Girten, where she gained a 
first in Classics, aoonteiap®- 

iary de scrib e d her as so clever 

she didn't fit to- Her cento- 
shm to socialism came not 
through her roaoons reading 
there, nor conventionally 
through exposure to working 

Hass poverty in the Cambridge 






(Anihor of The .. 
Menuficaiion of Lace') 
10-6 daily until April 9 

113*119 Charing Cross Road 
• - London. WC2 

Tessa Btackstone 

1893-1980 , 

A Political Biography 
By Betty D. Vernon 

- C 'room Helm, £19.95 

ctobs of toe East EndL Al- 
though she was toflaeaoed by 
toe writings of RG. Wells and 
Shaw; toe- catalyst was “the 
imprisonment of her brother 
Raymond as a conscientious 
objector. Her conversion com- 
plete, she abandoned a safe 
career to teaching and went to 
work for toe Fabian Research 
Bmean at toe a^e of 23. Thu 
began an association with the 
FaMans that lasted more than 
60 years and to the Thirties 
ensured its survival as aa 
mteDectm! force to the labour 
movement These too she met 
GJXR Cole* and married hhn 
somi after.' 

Self-willed and tmeonvea- 
tionai, she surprised her con- 
temporaries by her pipe- 
BDotog, aad toe passion and 
vehemence with which she 
argued. Handsome and bril- 
liant, he emerges from this 
study as sometimes misan- 
thropic and often d i fficult 
Throughout their marriage, 
Margaret loved and humoured 
hhn, at the same time as 
parsing; her separate and 
their jamt Interests. 

Together they edited the 
journal of the GniM Socialists, 
produced a stream of pam- 
phlets for toe labour Party 
and the Fabians, and found 
time re write detective stories. 

He pursued his academic writ- 
ing, and she edited toe month- 
ly bulletin of toe Lahoar 
Research Department Al- 
though her output did not 
match that of Beatrice, whose 
biography she wrote mid dia- 
ries she edited, it was consid- 
erable, ranging from early 
pamphlets ou the regulation of 
wages to tracts to toe Fifties on 
comprehensive schools. Un- 
fertmmtely there is no assess- 
ment In this biography of the 
quality of her work. Mncb of it 
was certainly ephemeral, but 
we are also told little about its 
impact oa poficy-making at 
the time. 

Margaret Cole played her 

part as a politician and policy- 
maker as Chairman of toe 
Farther and Higher Education 
Sob-Committee of toe ICC 
Her hnsbaad looked down ou 
this work, although, by help- 
ing to shape London's pest- 
school edneatioa, her influence 
may have been more signifi- 
cant to this rifle than to her 
writing. Why she never tried to 
become an MP is no* ad- 
dressed. Epitomizing the high- 
ly educated and politically 
committed women of her gen- 
eration, she had a feB-timejob 
for only a few years. She was 
neither aa arademic, pMiti- 
rw n ) journalist, nor adntiuis- 
trator. Instead, . with 
indefatigable energy, she per- 
formed all rdtes, as well as 
bringing op three children. 
She was strong-willed aad 
cantankerous, yet a remark- 
abie woman. Betty Verna has 
served ns wed to putting on 
record her life and 

You need to know 



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A sensitive portrayal of the 
close affinity between a girl 
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l ‘ Book World 



Writer as a young porcupine 

I t is interesting to compare the 
way a fact in one biographer's 
treatment appears elsewhere. Jef- 
frey Meyers has given us a large, 
one-volume account of Hemingway's 
life and works. Peter Griffin offers the 
first volume of a much more detailed 
account. In the Meyers volume we are 
told that Hemingway, when he was 
about six. "locked a sleeping porcu- 
pine in the woodshed of the school- 
house and then savagely hacked it to 
pieces with an ax." In the Griffin 
version we are given the source 
material in fulL Here it is; 

Dear papa. 

today Momma and the rest of 
us took walk We walked to the 
school house Marcelline ran on 
ahead while wextopt at Clauses in a 
tittle while she came back she said 
thaat in the woodshed of the school 
house the was a porcaipine. so we 
went up there and looked in the door, 
the porcaipine war asleep I went in a 
gave l a wack with the axx. then / 
cave / another and another, then / 
crouched in the wood. We came to 
Mr. Claus and he got Ms gun and 

At which point the manuscript ends. 
Either way, of course, the young 
Hemingway gives a porcupine 2 very 
bod time, but it is not dear that he 
hacks it to pieces. If so, why would Mr 
. Claus need a gun? From the Meyers 
version, we imagine a six-year-old of 
quite staggering strength. From the 
child's letter ("then I crouched in the 
wood") we see a little boy who has 
bitten off rather more than he can 
. chew. 

Before Hemingway went off to 
serve as an ambulance driver in the 
First World War, be led his parents to 
believe that be had got engaged. 
Grace Hemingway wrote to her son in 
strikingly awful terms, hurt that he 
bad not told mother about this girl 
before, and remarking: “You may 
come home dfcfigun erf and crippled: 
would this girt lave you then?" You 
can't help feeling that a wish is being 
expressed tore: come home disfig- 
ured and crippled, and mother will 
look after you, and nobody win steal 
you from her. In foot Hemingway was 
not enraged. He went to the war, was 
wounded but not permanently disfig- 
ured or crippled, but managed to 
return as an authentic hero. Alas for 
mother, it soon appeared that he was 
sleeping with a local girt, in the open 
fields. Meyers tells us that Grace was 
going through the menopause at this 
time, but wc need the Griffin versioa 
to understand just how spectacular 
this menopause must have been. 

Grace organized a birthday party 
-for Ernest, at the end of which she 
presented him with a letter accusing 
him ofbeing selfish and a wastrel, and 

James Fenton reviews this 
week’s new books on Papa 


By Jeffrey Meyers 

Macmillan, £16.95 

Hemingway, The Early Years & 

By Peter Griffin 

Oxford. £12.95 

inattentive to her. “Unless [you] 
come into your manhood," she says, 
"there's nothing before you but 
bankruptcy — you're overdrawn." 
And in the ensuing passage she 
explains what her idea of Ernest's 
manhood is: 

The account needs some deposits, by 
this time, good-sized ones in the way 
of gratitude and appreciation. Inter- 
est in Mother's ideas and affairs. 
Little comforts provided for the 
home. A desire to favor any of 
Mother’s peculiar prejudices, on no 
account to outrage her ideal Flow- 
ers, fruit, candy or something to 

wear, brought home to Mother with 
a kiss and a squeeze. The unfailing 
desire to make much of her feeble 

efforts, to praise her cooking, back 
up her little schemes. A real interest 
in hearing her sing or play the piano, 
or tell the stories that she loves to tell 
— a surreptitious paying of bilb. just 
to get them off Mother's mind. 

T he list does not end there. 
Grace was the original totali- 
tarian mother, and what she 
was telling Hemingway was. 
unless he stopped all impure and 
unworthy behaviour and- devoted 
himself entirely to her — be wasn't to 
come back again. Not surprisingly, 
Hemingway went off and married an 
older woman. 

The Griffin version, then, appears 
to get one much closer to its subject 
on points of psychological detail, but 
this is not to say that it is always 
superior to Meyers. It ends before 
Hemingway bad written any of the 
SlOlieS »h«r madg hrm femOUS. It 
co n tra dic ts Meyers on several points. 
Bui i couldn't help noticing that on 
page 65 Griffin reproduces, and 
appears to take at face vahie. a stray 
which is obviously nothing more than 
that — a good TaU Story. 

The Meyers version points out bow 
very difficult it is to establish the facts 
about Hemingway’s life, because of 
the way the legend took over (and in 
the end corrupted the life itself). A 
turning-point appears to come when 

Hemingway moves to Key West and 
away from the company of his 
intellectual and artistic peers. In an 
awfully telling sentence, Meyers sum- 
marizes the matter thus: "He was a 
great listener before be moved to Key 
West and a great talker afterwards." 
I'm not sure though that I agree with 
Meyers a few pages later when he 
saysr“A man is essentially what he 
hides." A man is essentially other 
things too. A man is what he does, for 

Damon Runyon said of Heming- 
way: "Few men can stand the strain 
of relaxing with him over an extended 
period.” He was dearly, to put it 
mildly, competitive, and he was not a 
generous critic of his contemporaries’ 

work. Of his friendships. Don Stewart 

The minute he began to love you. or 
the minute he began to have some 
sort of obligation to you of love or 
friendship or something, then is 
when he had to kill you. Then you 
were too close to something he nos 
protecting. He. one-by*>ne. knocked 
off the best friendships he ever had. 
■ He did it with Scott fFitzgeraldj: he 
did it with Das Passos - with 
everybody. / think it was a psycho- 
logical fear he had that you might 
ask something from him. He dian 'i 
want to be overdrawn at your bank 
That was what his mother said before 
he broke away: he was overdrawn 
with her. 




Essays for 
our zippy 

John Campbell 

Essays in Honour of 
AJ.P. Taylor 

Edited by Chris Wrtoiey 

Hamisn Hamilton. £15 

In the world of modem pub- 
lishing. the festschrift is an 
anomaly. This b a pity, be- 
cause toe idea of "essays in 

honour” is a pleasantooe. The 

essays may be by the great 
man's peers or by his pupils; 
usually, as here, they are a 
judicious mixture of toe two. ban a ppro pri a t e 
way for felfow-faistorians to 
pay a tribute of admiration, 
indebtedness, and very often 
friendship. It is a measure of 
toe affection as well as toe 
respect in which Alan Taylor 
is nowadays held in the profes- 
sion that once slighted him, 
that this is toe third collection 
to be presented to him, mark- 
ing his 60th. 70th. and now 
8wh birthdays. 

Nevertheless, festschrifts 
rarely justify themselves as 
books. This is partly the 
problem that afflicts any book 
of essays by divers hands; but 
it is aggravated by toe need to 
r epre se nt all the dedicatee's 
wide interests, which rules out 
a unifying thane. (The title of 
this one well expresses its 
variety). It also reflects the fact 
that the contributors nowa- 
days are all hard-pressed aca- 
demics without the leisure to 
write an essay genuinely in 
honour of toe occasion; they 
are more likely to proffer an 
off-cut from work in progress, 
with a dutiful reference to Mr 
Taylor worked in at the begin- 
ning. It is very proper of 
’ Hamish Hamilton to commis- 
sion another tribute to (Hie of 
toeir long-time best-selling au- 
thors (though less proper of 
them to have presented it on 
the jacket as though it were by 
Mr Taylor himself). But one 
wishes they could have found 
a less tired format that did 
him more real honour. 

It is not the fault of the 
editor, who has assembled 
good names. None of the 
essays is uninteresting. They 
range from Gladstone and 
Bright to the Marshall Plan, 
and from Austen Chamber- 
lain to the Comintern. All are 
contributions to scholarship. 
Bui none, sadly, is enlivened 
by the narrative energy or the 
argumentative zest that the 
name on the cover would lead 
One to hope for. . 

Ted Morgan's Maugham was 
a triumph; his Churchill was a 
disaster how does he fore with 
F. D. Roosevelt? Not badly, 
but not brilliantly either. 

This is a very full and fet 
biography, though it is for 
from being "the definitive 
interpretation of the 
President", as claimed by the 
blurb. Perhaps it is “highly 
readable”, if that term de- 
scribes a breathless, repeti- 
tious American journalese fuD 
of expressions like “ego 
integrity" and "no-wtn 
situation". The book does 
draw on an impressive 
amount of original material. 
But it co n tain s errors of detail 
- Bafibv was not a peer until 
1922, MaeArthurdid not wear 
his medals when suppressing 
the Bonos Marchers. And 
sometimes toe overall per- 
spective is distorted. For ex- 
ample. Morgan's account of 
Second Worm War strategy is 
heavily biased against ft* 
British. Had it not been for 
Ch urchin's tergiversations, he 
suggests, Roosevelt could 
have launched a victorious 
Second Front within nine 
months of entering the war. 
Yet he foils to mention Gener- 
al Marahalfs embarrassed 
acknowledgement that he 
could contribute only two and 

The master of the 
common touch 

Piers Brendon 

By Ted Morgan 

Grafton. £20 

■ a half American divisions to a 
continental invasion in 1942, 
and his subsequent admission 
that such an attack might have 
been “suicidal”. 

Morgan's portrait of Roose- 
vdi himself is more balanced, 
but still not altogether con- 
vincing. The polio attack that 
left him crippled in 1921 is 
represented as the great psy- 
chological caesura in his life. 
But then he was essentially a 
playboy. The Roosevelts were 
so grand that they would not 
dine with the Vanderbilts, and 
only by choosing his cousin 
Eleanor could FDR avoid 
manying beneath him. After 
Groton and Harvard, he rose 
almost effortlessly in politics, 
becoming Assistant Secretary 
of the Navy in Woodrow 
Wilson’s government. Devi- 
ous and disloyal to his chief. 

he used the position to make 
friends and influence people. 
But he had few solid achieve- 
ments and no progressive 
ideas to his credit, whatever 
he afterwards liked to pretend. 
FDR's affliction made him. It 
taught him patience and hu- 
mility, compensating for the 
strains of vanity and insincer- 
ity in his character. It gave 
him the leisure to study public 
questions, and taught him 10 
identity' with the dispossessed. 
The New Deal was a form of 
social therapy. 

Doubtless then? is some- 
thing in all this. But. as 
Morgan himself shows. FDR 
remained a tricky and egotisti- 
cal politician all his life. He 
promoted himself from the 
Governorship of New York to 
the Presidency in 1932 by 
wheeling and dealing like a 
Tammany ward boss. He ran 
his administration by dividing 
and ruling, compromising on 
matters of principle, employ- 
ing ibe Justice Department 
and the FBI to cany out 
assorted dirty tricks, and keep- 

ing his Secretary of State^ 
Cordell Hull, in a condition of 
pristine ignorance about 
American foreign policy. He 
attempted to cure the Depres- 
sion by a series of piecemeal 
initiatives which owed less to 
compassion than to expedien- 
cy. He privately expressed a 
patrician contempt for Jewish, 
black, and Irish voters; and his 
internment policy during toe 
war violated toe civil rights of 
Japanese Americans on a mas- 
sive scale. 

Nevertheless, as Morgan 
rightly- intimates, FDR was a 
heaven-born leader. He had 
an instinctive wisdom about 
government. He was an artist 
of toe possible — which did 
not stop him suggesting that 
bats could be used to mount 
surprise attacks on the Japa- 
nese. He combined charisma 
and the common touch, so 
much so that people swore 
that he stood up to greet them. 
He inspired the nation with 
his own serene self-confidence 
when it was close to coilapse 
in 1933. He had a kind of 
incandescence, and even dur- 
ing the darkest hours of toe 
war its glow never left him. As 
the actress Lillian Gish said, 
he seemed "to have been 
dipped in phosphorus." 


‘TeitiH* % ’ 
terminally w 
funny: laughter in the dark, 


r ' ' 



a novel by 


. . well-written^ fast 

unputdownable novel . . 

. It is the best war novel 
I have read.’ 

Doris Lessing. 

Sunday Times. 

jg* *. . . thrilling fiction 

with ancient tales and . 
legends interwoven, it is 
a stirring saga of 
courage, honour and 
human dignity in the 
fight against tyranny . . . 
_ ' a remarkable 
?p2 documentary of 
Sfe Afghanistan today.* 

Society . 

Sjf 4 . .. once started, quite / 

' impossible to put 

d0Wn '’ 


The Times 

- j .. 



In c 
is n 
It i 

























The Sixth Fleet is not alone in 
humiliating Colonel Gadaffi. So 
did the two Greenham Common 
women who were in Libya as his 
guests last week (Diary yesterday) 
for a symposium on fascism, 
racism et al. One of the women, 
Loraa Blucgate, tells me that 
unlike the 600 other M violent 
brutes” at the conference, they 
incurred Gadaffi’s displeasure by 
refusing to stand up and salute 
him “almost very five minutes".) 
The women, whose flight and 
“comfy” hotel were financed by 
Gadaffi, were suddenly phoned in 
the small hours and told a plane 
had been booked for them im- 
mediately —two days earlier than 
planned. Says Miss Bluegale, now 
safely back in England: “We were 
there to make our mark as 
pacifists. I don't think it went 
down too well. It was 
terrifying . . 

Off the wall 

This poster, offered for sale by 
Robert Maxwell’s company 
Peigamon. should go down a 
bomb with the hundreds of 
employees in Glasgow whom he 
keeps sacking. “Dear executive.” 
say Maxwell's men. “most of your 
employees are concerned, respon- 
sible adults who want to do their 
best ... if your employees are not 

Teamwork takes practice 

giving you their best effort, 
chances are you're not commu- 
nicating with them often enough." 
Maxwell’s “humorous" £1.50 
posters “treat your employees like 
the mature adults they are. And 
when your employees feel needed 
and appreciated, they'll feel better 
about themselves, their jobs . . .” 
Which jobs he does not say. 

• Planning application advertised 
in the Bolton Evening News: “Mr 
and Mrs Higham, Beggars Acre, 
Bolton; change of use and conver- 
sion from vacant breeding kennels 
to a granny flat." 


Although she has been moved to 
the Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office, Lynda Chalker remains 
top transport bore. I understand 
her new staff are not enthused by 
the latest edict from the former 
transport minister — to attach 
“European Road Safety Year” 
stickers to all correspondence. 
Unabashed, she has been spotted, 
illuminated by midnight oil, doing 
the job herself. 

Silent sufferer 

Nicholas Ridley should follow the 
Prime Minister’s example and 
never again let the train take the 
strain. After opening the Great 
Yarmouth by-pass he boarded a 
train back to London and was 
stuck outside Colchester for an 
hour after it broke down. Ridley 
did not have the brass neck of 
fellow Tory MP Anthony Beau- 
mont-Dark, stranded for even 
longer on a train at Northampton. 
He made such a fuss that BR paid 
for a taxi to take him and three 
other passengers the 60 miles to 
London. “The Secretary of State is 
obviously a rather more shy flower 
than L" says old rent-a-quote. 


‘Another great year for ns - we 
handle Kleenex tissues’ 

Judge not . . . 

Derek Hatton’s reprieve yesterday 
from Labour’s gallows is not the 
sole reason for the far left to praise 
the rule of law. According to 
Witch Hum News, published 
jointly by the Campaign for 
Labour Party Democracy and the 
Campaign Group, hard-left ac- 
tivists have been running to the 
courts at the drop of a Hatton. 
Recent injunctions have pre- 
vented two expulsions from Ips- 
wich constituency party, three 
from Exeter, 10 from Stevenage 
and the reinstatement of three 
party members in Cardiff South. 
Can H really be only three weeks 
since Derek Hatton, losing his 
appeal against surcharge, was 
bemoaning those same courts as 
undemocratic conspiracies against 
the working classes (prop. D. 

— ms 

‘You know what you can do best, 
and you know what it is best that 
you do." Thus, according to 
Britain 's Economic Renaissance, 
did the Prime Minister greet its 
author in 19SI when he moved in 
as her personal economic adviser. 

As any viewer of Yer. Prime 
Minister can readily imagine, 
there were the usual efforts to tuck 
Professor Alan Walters away at a 
safe distance from Mrs Thatcher’s 
ear. Back in 1979, Adam Ridley 
had lasted barely 24 hours in 
Downing Street before being 
sucked into the Treasury. But 
Walters dug in, remaining at No 
10 for two years before returning, 
newly knighted, to the US, drawn 
back by famil y ties. 

This book began with a lecture 
Professor Walters gave in Amer- 
ica. There, the title ended with a 
question mark. That has beat 
dropped; an act, he says, of 
deliberate provocation akin to the 
US Sixth Fleet's entry into the 
Gulf of Sirte. His faith in 
“Britain's Economic Renaiss- 
ance” under Mrs Thatcher is now 
unqualified. But his account is, he 
insists, “neither a diary nor a 
denouement . . . just a plain old 
piece of of applied economics”. 

He says disappointingly little 
about the evolution of govern- 
ment policy on stale industries. 
Walters was a firm believer in the 
principle that “public provision 
doubles the cost" and was the 
scourge of optimistic public 
investment plans. Perhaps his 
reticence reflects the fact that be 
left before the“sale of the century" 
of state assets really began. Drop- 
ping in for a monthly chat with the 
Prime Minister, as he continued to 
do, is not the same as day-to-day 
guerrilla warfare. 

But the centra] arena for Mrs 

Sarah Hogg reviews Alan Walters 9 memoirs 
of his economic stint at No 10 

The one man 
always heeded 

Thatcher’s right-hand economist 
was monetary policy, and the 
three budgets that led up to her re- 
election. Here his account is much 
more telling. First, it sheds light on 
the route by which the govern- 
ment climbed down from the 
interest and exchange-rate heights 
to which its monetary policy had 
led it in 1980. It required a 
monetarist of Walters’ convic- 
tions to meet the government's 
need to shift attention from broad 
money (which was roaring away 
above target, then as now) to 
narrow money (which instead 
helpfully suggested that mone tary 
policy was too tight). This allowed 
interest rates to be brought down 
by early 1981, a comforting back- 
ground to a tough budget. 

Although Walters remains criti- 
cal of the detail of that budget, its 
overall shape was the embodiment 
of his conviction that extra spend- 
ing or tax cuts were not the way to 
end the slump. Sir Geoffrey Howe 
actually cut the deficit projected 
for the public sector in 1 98 1. Some 
364 economists wrote to The 

Times that “present policies will 
deepen the depression, erode the 
industrial base of our economy 
and threaten its social and politi- 
cal stability”. Hardly had this 
appeared when output began to 
me, hesitantly but persistently. 

However much the signatories 
now argue that the government 
did engage in covert reflation —by, 
for example, easing hire purchase 
controls — there can be little 
doubt that the events of 1981 
worked to the advantage of the 
Walters’ side of the argument In 
this book he expounds it further, 
though not always dearly. At 
tjmpi he ap p ea rs to sugge st that a 
budget boost can raise output, 
provided the deficit is sma l l to 
begin with. At others, that budget- 
ary expansion is always fruitless 
and often perverse. 

The difference, in his view, 
seems to be simply one of timing: 
either the effects of reflation may 
gradually peter out or there may 
be an Tmwiwtifltft backlash from 
the financial markets. Walters is 
right to stress the importance of 

“confidence”. As he says else- 
where, in a battle between govern- 
ment and the City, the City is 
bound to win. 

In 1982 and 1983, the budgets 
were less eventfuL But the mone- 
tary tensions remained. Only m 
1982-83 did the government man- 
age to hit its multiplying collection 
of: monetary targets: Sir Geoffrey 
departed for the Foreign Office 
with a framed graph of this 
unrepeated success. At irregular 
intervals, Mrs Thatcher’s half- 
promise to join the European 
Monetary System “when the time 
is ripe** forced its way into the 
monetary debate. Walters’ role 
was critical in sti ffeni n g the Prime 
Minis ter’s reluctance to join. 
From other sources cranes the tale 
of one occasion when the Foreign 
Secretary, Chancellor and Gov- 
ernor or the Bank of England of 
the day formed up with the half- 
hearted intention of s ug gesting 
that the issue should be reopened. 
Mrs Thatcher’s replay of the 
Walters critique apparently left 
them speechless. 

To judge from tins book, Wal- 
ters remains as hostile to the EMS 
as ever. But his manuscript was 
finished in early 1984, and the 
arguments suffer a little from the 
delay in publication. It is, for 
example, hard to argue that ex- 
change rate changes in the EMS 
have been “frequent and some- 
times quite sudden” when there 

has been no overall realignment of 
an since 

March 1983. But *, 

impression left by the book is that 
it is a pity the Prune Minister was 
deprived of Walters’ convictions; 
and that Walters thinks it is a bit 
of a pity, too. 

Britain's Economic Renaissance is 
published today by OUP (£19 JO). 

David Butler examines the portents for the next general election 

Waiting for a saving factor 

This parliament is 33 months old. 
We are just as far from a previous 
general election as we were four 
years ago, when the Falklands 
invasion transformed the political 
scene and launched Margaret 
Thatcher towards her 1983 tri- 
umph. Today a dissolution is 14, 
19 or, at most, 2b months away, 
and the electoral future is notably 
uncertain: each party has a consid- 
erable ease for optimism. 

The Conservatives remain 
buoyant despite the current 
trough, which has come late in 
their terra; until last summer they 
were almost always ahead in the 
polls. Although recently they have 
fared appallingly in local govern- 
ment by-elections, they have 
never gone much below 30 per 
cent in the national polls and have 
seldom been more than 8 percent 
behind the leading party. The 
latest Newsnight poll puts them 
ahead in the coming by-elections 
in Derbyshire West and Ryedale. 
In 1981 they were in far deeper 
trouble and except, for the un- 
employment statistics, the eco- 
nomic omens were much worse. 
Today Norman Tebbil has taken a 
firm hand on Conservative Cen- 
tral Office and, we are assured, 
Mrs Thatcher and her rejuvenated 
Cabinet are far from running out 
of steam; they see nothing improb- 
able about recovering sufficiently 
for a third election victory. 

Yet the Alliance, too, have 
plenty to reassure them. Since last 
summer they have often been 
second and occasionally first in 
the polls. They have won more 
votes than any other party in the 
nine parliamentary by-elections 
they have fought. In local by- 
elections. too, they have won a lot 
of seals and. in recent months, 
more votes than Labour or 
Conservative. They have settled 
almost all their internal prob- 
lems — over seals, policy and 
leadership. For the first time they 
have as little cause as their rivals 
to worry about that depressing 
challenge: “A vote for you is a 
wasted vote." 

But the Labour Party have most 
cause for rejoicing. The 
Neww night poll supports predic- 
tions they mil win in Fulham on 
April 10. while the national polls 
put them further in the lead than 
at any time in this parliament. 











1 Conservative! 

- X, A 


Second term 






After a bad spell, local by-election 
results are beginning to look 
encouraging. Moreover the party 
has survived its reselection haz- 
ards without serious damage; it 
has consolidated its financial base 
through the unexpectedly success- 
ful political fund ballots; and Neil 
Kinnock is secure enough with 
MPs and unions. He is guaranteed 
parliamentary, national executive 
committee and conference sup- 
port — not only for his firm 
handling of the Militant issue but 
also on the much more important 
issues of policy — as he seeks to 
construct a programme that will 
show Labour as a plausible party 
of government. 

It is not often that all parties are, 
simultaneously, as sanguine as 

they seem to be today. However, 
each still has cause for anxiety. 

The Conservatives can reflect 
that every poll this year has put 
them in second or third place. In 
Fulham they seem destined for 
humiliation. They have fared 
disastrously in most local by- 
elections. And they have botched 
a number of national issues, from 
Westland and British Leyland to 
rates reform and GCHQ. Al- 
though few want to change their 
leader many worry whether her 
authority within the government 
and her appeal to the country are 
going to recover fully. When the 
next election comes, the un- 
employment figures will still look 
appalling. And even if Nigel 
Lawson has made space for tax 

cuts next year there are indications 
that an increasing number of 
voters put the maintenance of 
government services above the 
reduction of taxes. Above alL the 
Labour enemv is beginning to look 
rather more formidable. To judge 
by the rhythm of past parliaments, 
it may be getting rather late in the 
day for the recovery to begin. 

The Alliance's cheerfulness may 
be damped by a third place in 
Fulham. Moreover, nationally 
there is an essential insecurity. 
They have few long term, let alone 
hereditary, supporters; they have 
to win and retain support from 
people disillusioned with the 
Conservatives or Labour. What if 
each of these gets its act together? 
The Alliance, because its support 
is so evenly spread, needs a higher 
percentage of votes to get a 
respectable number of seats. In 
recent opinion polls it has begun 
to look as if the older parties have 
got an Irreducible core of about 30 
per cent of the vote; the Alliance 
cannot get a dear majority in 
parliament on less than 42 per 
cent They also face the spectre of 
a Labour recovery, what could be 
more certain to drive its more 
timid supporters back to the 
Conservatives than a strong La- 
bour showing as polling day nears? 
ff Kinnock goes on slapping down 
the left may not Alliance recruits . 
from Labour re-rat? 

As for Labour, its lead in foe 
polls is neither long established 
nor large. It still has to bring the 
Militant saga to an authoritative 
end and to cope with district- 
audited councillors; it has to 
maintain a delicate hal»n«g in 

meeting foe 'unions* demands 
without seeming to be their pris- 
oner; above all it has to establish 
its audibility as an alternative 
government, capable of managing 
foe economy, not to mention 
defence and law and order. 

Over foe coming months, 
psepbologica] uncertainty will per- 
sist Mrs Thatcher needs a new 
Falklands factor, and economic 
recovery by itself will have to be 
spectacular to offset the simplest, 
most compelling election cry — 
“Time for a Change” sounded 
prematurein 1 983, but could have 
a strong appeal by r987. 

The author is a fellow of Nuffield 
College, Oxford. 

The 40th anniversary of the BBCs 
Russian Service this week comes 
at a time of sharpening debate 
about foe purpose and direction of 
broadcasting to the Soviet Union. 
It also comes as worries are being 
expressed, within BBC External 
Services and among its listeners, 
that a side effect of foe Peacock 
inquiry could be an end to the 
position of foe External Services 
as an integral part of the BBC 

One of the main questions for 
foe Russian Service is foe greater 
competition it faces from other 
western broadcasters, especially 
the Voice of America, sponsored 
by the US government and the 
Munich-based Radio Liberty, 
which presents itself as an alter- 
native domestic radio station. 
Surveys conducted among recent 
emigres suggest that the BBC has 
been losing listeners, especially 
younger listeners, to the racier and 
more domestically orientated Ra- 
dio Liberty. 

The debate is about the BBCs 
reaction. Should it tailor its pro- 
grammes more to what the audi- 
ence would appear to want — 
domestic affairs and dissident 
activities? If it did, would it then 
risk losing faithful listeners who 
appreciate the breadth of the 
BBCs international coverage? 

This begs the question of how 
much credence the largely Ameri- 
can-compiled research figures 
should be given in view of the 
difficulty of collecting statistics 
about the Soviet Union. U also 
begs foe further question of how 
far foe BBC, which has built up a 
reputation for quality, should be 
concerned about quantity. 

Audience figures apart, the Rus- 
sian Service generates its own 
debates arising from the mix of 
generations and politics among its 
staff. The first generation included 
some who had left Russia after foe 

Mary Dejevsky reports on the debate over 
the thrust of BBC Russian broadcasts 

London calling 
—but why? 

1917 revolution and never aban- 
doned the hope of seeing com- 
munism overthrown in their 
lifetime. This generation was fol- 
lowed by people who had lived in 
Stalin's Russia and experienced 
the horrors of the Second World 
War. Although they bated foe 
Soviet regime just as fervently as 
their predecessors, they tended to 
pul the preservation of peace 
above all else. The flowering of 
detente in foe 1960s accorded well 
with their ideals; its fading was to 
many a sign of failure. 

Most of the third and current 
generation of broadcasters in 
Rusian left the Soviet Union 
within the past 20 years. Many are 
Jews who were allowed to emi- 
grate to Israel in foe 1960s and 
early 1970s and came on to 
Britain. They left the Soviet 
Union detesting a system which, 
they believe, had discriminated 
against them and denied them 
opportunities. Some subsequently 
became disillusioned with foe 
western way of life and contemp- 
tuous of what they regarded as the 
naivete of foe West about the true 
nature of the Soviet system. 

These attitudes coexist within 
the Russian Service today and 
contribute to foe creative tension 
which fosters lively broadcasting. 
But problems begin if one ten- 
dency becomes dominant, and 

this is always a risk when staff 
have to be recruited from foe 
restricted cirde of those who have 
been aQowed to emigrate. Preserv- 
edrtorial control and political 
is not easy ■ 

Coverage of domestic Soviet 
affairs, the Middle East and 
human rights violations in such 
countries as Chile and South 
Africa are just a few of the subjects 
which can present difficulties for a 
service staffed predominantly by 
recent emigres. 

For the time being, foe com- 
petition for jobs at Bush House is 
sufficient to make editorial com- 
petence and broadcasting ability 
foe sole criteria for appointment 
But as the number permitted to 
leave foe Soviet Union dimin- 
ishes, so the choice will be 

Within all language services 
broadcasting to the Eastern bloc 
there is a problem of morale. In a 
service of fewer than 50 people 
there are not many senior posts 
open to those hoping far promo- 
tion. and it is often difficult for 
people who were highly qualified 
in their own country - as doctors, 
teachers or writers - to come to 
terms with the fact foal their only 
recognized qualification now is 
foe ability to broadcast to the 
country they have left Their 
prospects outside foe world of 

broadcasting or translating are 
often limited and they cannot, 
unlike many other foreigners liv- 
ing and working in Britain, return 
to their home country once their 
contract expires. 

But above all these questions 
hangs one central issue which 
applies throughout the BBC lan- 
guage services: bow far should 
they repres e nt a view from Lon- 
don (some might say a British 
view) and how far should they 
provide an alternative to the target 
country's domestic radio stations? 
This issue has been resolved in foe 
past by each language service 
individually and in different 
ways — an arrangement 1 which 
leads occasionally to politically 
divergent coverage of events in 
different languages, each 
broadcasting in foe name of the 
one BBC. 

Questions such as these concern 
foe BBC broadcasters and editors. 
Bui they also concern the Foreign 
Office, which supplies the money 
(all too little of it) to run foe 
External Services. An under- 
standable preoccupation with 
value for money encourages ques- 
tions about audience figures 
which, in the case of Eastern 
Europe, cannot be answered. It 
provokes questions about the 
effectiveness of broadcasting in 
Russian when most Soviet dries 
jam BBC and other short-wave 
frequencies- And it prompts ques- 
tions about foe prime purpose of 
external broadcasting: is it to. 
project Britain abroad; to generate 
long-term political change in the 
target country, or to provide 
truthful information to people 
who would otherwise go without? 
Forty years after the BBC began its 
broadcasts in Russian, these ques- 
tions are still open. 

The author was on the staff of BBC 
External Services, 1982-86. 

Ronald Butt 

Why Sir Keith 
should go now 

The Easter conferences of the 
teachers’ unions arc unlikely to 
produce much of comfort for our 
schools. Despite foe current Acas 
negotiations on pay, some schools 
still suffer from disruption, ana 
although the talks promise a 
general truce until foe end of foe 
summer term, there could be more 
trouble in the autumn. Mean- 
while, extremists caus e pa rents 
needless anxiety by trying to 
sabotage foe new CCSE examina- 
tion (by non-attendance at train- 
ing courses) as a weapon in their 
pay dispute. , ... 

Nor are the unions likely to 
think constructively about foe 
deplorable state of education for 
so many children, or to address 
themselves open-mindedly to 
educational reform. They will 
simplv blare away on the theme 
that the schools are run down 
through government cuts. In re- 
ply, the government will say that 
in money terms its spending on 
education has doubled since 
1978/79, and in real terms has held 
virtually level, despite the sharp 
contraction of foe school popula- 
tion. Asa remit, foe amount spent 
per pupil has risen significantly. 

But this is no comfort for 
parents of children in bad schools. 
What they see with their own eyes 
is dilapidation and leaky premises; 
what they know from their own 
experience about lack of books 
■and equipment . simply makes 
them angry when the government 
defends itself with figures against 
the charges of cuts. 

The problem is partly caused by 
the rise of some costs (including 
books) faster than the rise in 
average prices, and partly because 
local authorities have to finance a 
contracting system in which some 
schools are (say) only, two-thirds 
occupied but have to be operated 
as though they were fuXL Far too' 
often, however, the major causes 
are bureaucratic inflexibility and 
the politicized attitudes of some 
local authorities towards the 
deployment of funds. The system 
promotes the fixed ideas of foe 
educational establishment above 
the wishes of parents or public. 
Even this government was on the 
brink of agreeing to foe closure of 
high-achieving grammar schools 
at Sherborne, Stroud and Glouces- 
ter at tbe behest of the local 
authorities but against the wishes 
of local parents. Happily, how- 
ever, Sir* Keith Joseph has just 
reprieved them." 

It is increasingly dear that 
parents want their, children to 
have foe opportunities provided: 
.by the old grammar school ethos 
and it is signmeant that is London 
17 of the top 20 places (measured 
by examination . results, .-.but :, 
weighted to offset differences of ■ 
family background) were taken by 
church voluntary aided schoote. 
(Astonishingly, the Roman Catho- 
lic Ordinal Vaughan school in 
Holland Park, which heads foe 
list, is now again threatened with- 
tbe loss of its separate identity by 
its own dioscesan trustees, appar- 
ently eager to reconstruct their 
schools in obedience to current 
tertiary fashion.) 

No doubt the ethos, of their 

church background bat much to 
do with foe outstanding, perfor- 
mance of such schools. But even 
more influential are focir vol- 
untary aided status (free from 
inter fe re nc e by local authorities) 
and their pr e se rvati on of old 

moreover . . . Miles K ington 

part two 

Recently I mentioned my first 
encounter with an attractive Jew- 
ish folk music . called klezmer, 
about which I knew nothing save 
that it was attractive. Do you 
know what happens when a writer 
confesses ignorance? I will teD 
you. Knowledgeable readers 
promptly complete your educa- 
tion. (Most of my education has 
been acquired this way.) I now feel 
in a position to pass on what I 
have learnt about klezmer music, 
so fasten your seat belts. 

Pride of place must go to tbe 
recently formed Jewish Music 
Distribution, operating from PO 
Box 232, Harrow, Middlesex HAI 
2NN, whose Geraldine Auerbach 
sent me a cassette of Giora 
Feidman. (How could I have got 
so far through life without know- 
ing about Giora Feidman?) Orig- 
inally from Argentina, Feidman 
was principal clarinet with the 
Israeli Philharmonic but is now 
concentrating on pfaying klezmer 
music, and the two techniques 
could not be more different. 
Classical clarinet is limpid and 
pure; when he plays klezmer, he 
bends and cracks notes, scurries 
between major and minor, alter- 
nates between singing and laugh- 
ing on ins instrument, producing a 
haunting, quite un-European vir- 
tuoso sound which captivates a 
Gentile like me. 

.Mark you, they offer a much 
wider range of music than that, 
from Shostakovich to Kurt Weill, 
from cantors to choirs, and Mrs 
Auerbach is also foe director of a 

Jewish music festival taking place 

in England in June and July, but 
write to her about that, in other 
words not to me. I am still trying 
to get to foe bottom of klezmer • 
music. Hyman Schwartz of Har- 
row writes to tell me that King 
Sennacherib of Assyria in about 

7p9 BC demanded Jewifo mu- 
sicians as part of his tribute from 
the Jewish King Hezekiah, and 
goes on to say that klezmer 
musicians were still in demand at 
non- Jewish festivities much more 
recently, not just because they 

were so good but also because they 

would not touch non-kosher food 
or wine, and thus were likely to 
remain more sober than other 

The tradition seems nearly to 

have died out in the Second World 
War, when sheer survival was 
more important, and foe efforts of 
Giora Feidman, foe Klezmorim, 
and And y Statman’s Klezmer 
Orchestra represent -a conscious 
revival Most of my younger 
Jewish friends still . don’t know 
about foe music, but Abraham 
Munstem of Teddingtou tells me 
that “I well remember a half 
century ago at our home in 
Hackney my dear late mother 
having a number of these records 
on 78, with labels in Yiddish. I 
would often play them on our old 
wind-up gramophone but what 
happened to them subsequently I 
have, alas, no idea. So when I read 
your piece I rushed out and bought 
ac^rfe of records (but foe prices, 

A literary note is added by 
Barbara Cohen of NW1 “I won- 
der if George EKot was the first 
researcher into klezmer music 
The Jewish musician who features 
m Daniel Deronda is called 
Klezmer, an appropriate name 
cpnadering that klezmer is de- 
rived from the Hebrew klei 

oemer — musical instruments.” 

But foe most unexpected letter 
rame from Mrs Iris Lawfbrd of 22 
Boc ivene Gardens. Kenton, HA3 
GKli who runs a magazine called 
HwRmp/L This is the OTgan of the 
Philatelic Music Circle, a bunch of 
cheery monomaniacs who collect 
stamps only with a musical mo- 
til - anything from a Belgian 
WMiemoration of Cesar Franck 
Police Band on 
Parade. Well, Mrs Lawfind 
timbered that in 1982 an 
I^ nam^ Gabor Vig submit- 
jedan arocfe on a German 
PpSinmL of klesmer (sic) mu- 
sic™ from Salzgitter. Far too 
long t o pub lish, she says, but if I 

also into the totally non-JewSh 
of Lowr 

over in 1813 from 
h>» if 100 ocep to go into 

mat copy ^ me ’ 

1 think 

V better call .the suhiH-t 


Somehow schools must be freed 
from foe local authorities which 
100 often choose hea d tochers for 
their poeticized a t ti tu des to 
education, rather than for focir 
teaching and managing ability, 
and use funds ineffectively. Sim- 
ply handing more mosey to the 
present system wifi not do. 

' Meanwhile, the prinripfeof foe 
educational voucher, or credit, 
which Sir Keith was talked but of 
by. his dep artme nt, is being re- 
vived on the- initiative of Mrs 
Thatcher. It is right to reconsider 
it, though Christopher Patten, the 
Education Minister ofStaie, took 
a distinctly dampening view when 
he spoke in a recent Commons 

Such a system would raise 
standards by placing all schools, 
maintained and i nd ependent, in 
competition with one another, 
with some parents topping up the 
voucher at independent schools 
and others choosing foe best state . 
schools. But the unanswered ques- 
tion remamsrwhat happens to the 
children la she bad schools as the 
numbers decline and before the 
schools finally disappear? 

An aternative isto build up the 
voluntary aided schools, by foster- 
ing the : estEEbfistimem of new 
foundations appointed 

trustees, by rifoiining the gradual 
transfer of existing maintained 
schools to this system, or by both 
means. Such schools could be on l 
both'- grammar and . technical 
school finest Though . all fees 
would be paid by foe state on the 
p rese n t vohulaiy aided principle, 
the money would come from 
central government, not from 
local authorities! ' 

What matters is to get the local 
eduratkm batons amlfoeir nomi- 
nees out of .the .schools, which 
should control their own budgets 
and preferably fix their own 
teachers* pay- Meanwhile, what- 
ever may be foe answer to the 
long-term problem, the govern- 
ment should think quickly how to 
arrest foe immetfiate and damag- 
ing decline. 

Mrs Thatcher has no time to 
lose! Sir Keith Joseph will leave 
Parfiamenl at tire next election 
and (it is generally believed) his 
department this autumn. Why 
wait until then? He has done 
valuable work in establishing bet- 
ter criteria for the curriculum and 
educational ./standards, and in 
saving some. iscboola. He has 
improved foe GCSE examination. 

But be has been worsted in foe 
past by his departmental officials 
over vouchers and school struc- 
ture. He has no time in which to 
embark again on an attempt at 
major reform, and probably not 
the resilience. If be is going, it 
would be sensible for it to be 
quickly to give time for his 
successor to start on tbe fun- 
damental reform of education 
which is now imperative. 




1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


:: - s- 

The Labour Party's inability 
yesterday tobegm expulsion 
•proceedings, against the 12 
^yerpoOl party members who 
are accused of belonging to the 
Militant tendency would have 
been ' farcical under any 
circumstances. - But the 
circumstances also made it 
seriously .damaging. 

Yesterday was intended to 
be a. show trial expulsion of 32 
representatives of the 8,000 
Militants who have success- 
fully infiltrated the Labour 
Party. Tb^at might not have 
, solved the problem of the 
-r remaining 7,988 Militants srill 
v hidden m the woodwork - still 
■' less the pipblem of the much 
greater numbers of the far left 
who are nothing to do with 
> Militant. 

But it. would have dem- 
% onstrated to the voters that 
\ Labour's leaders were keen to 
eliminate extremism and had 
:• at feast some; prospect of doing 
^ so. If all had gone well, Mr 
7:. Kinnock would have dis-. 
■v- -played the i smack of firm 
leadership by the end of- the 
day. And all would have been 
set fair for Fulham. 

This hopeful vision was 
initially disturbed by 
Tuesday's judgment in the 
High Court that it would be 
contrary to natural justice to 
expel Labour party members 
on confidential evidence given 

to the National Executive’s 
enquiry —and also to aDowihe 
eight enquiry members to lake 
part in the larger expulsion 
proceedings planned for yes- 
terday. . 

In this interpretation. Sir 
Nicolas Brown e-Wilkin son 
was undoubtedly correct. And 
since the law requires him to 
answer that question and not 
to solve the Labour Party’s 
problems, no criticism of his 
judgment will stand. 

But there is no disguising the 
feet that it aggravated those 
problems very considerably. If 
people are to give evidence 
against Militant, they will not 
unnaturally insist upon being 
protected against threats, 
abuse, intimidation and the 
other reprisals they have 
learned to fear. That was the 
justification for tbe confiden- 
tial nature of the National 
Executive's inquiry. 

' Thus, when the NEC con- 
vened yesterday to pursue the 
expulsions, it had its work cut 
out Nonetheless, by substan- 
tial majorities, it defeated 
several attempts by the Left to 
abandon or delay the proceed- 

What halted the proceedings 
was the Left's insight that since 
the High Court ruling had 
prohibited eight NEC mem- 
bers fromlaking part, it would 
require only a few more people 

to walk out and the meeting 
would be deprived of a quo- 
rum. Seven /eft-wiegers duly 
walked out and the meeting 
broke up in disarray, prompt- 
ing invidious comparisons 
with the management of 

Mr Kinnock, temporarily 
outmanoeuvred, has promised 
a change of the rules at a 
special meeting of the NEC on 
April 12th to allow the expul- 
sion proceeding to go ahead. 

■ Even if he should obtain this 
rule-change, however, the ac- 
tual proceedings will still be 
hobbled by the requirement 
that evidence against the 12 
Liverpool members should be 
open. Will those who gave 
evidence in private be pre- 
pared to lei their Militant 
enemies know it? If not, will 
the other evidence be suf- 
ficient to expel them? 

And should this obstacle be 
somehow surmounted, the end 
result will still be nothing more 
than 12 symbolic martyrdoms. 
Several thousand Militant 
sympathisers — who are to be 
found at all levels of the party 
right up to the NEC — will 
remain in place. The public, 
moreover, will know iL 

Labour, in short, still looks 
very unlike a party of govern- 
ment And there seems little 
that Mr Kinnock can do about 


•fc ' 1 

In a fortnight die official head 
of the Efficiency Unit leaves 
tbe Civil Service. In one of his 
last reports he showed how 
many of the - money-saving 
recommendations proposed 
by Mrs Thatcher’s waste- 
watcher, Lord Rayner. had not 
been put into effect Efficiency, 
MINIS, the F inan cial Manage- 
ment Initiative: in today's 
Whitehall they, are regarded as 
yesterday's tunes. 

For some time, perhaps 
since the 1983 .election, the 
Government's commitment to 
reform of Whitehall has wa- 
vered. The-Pofitmg episode 
was, In many wasys, a distrac- 
tion. The resignation of -Mr 
Michael Hesekme, in his guise 
of super-manager, -was a real 
loss. In his two departments, 
environment and defence, his 
enthusiasm for a new way of 
working had been infectious. 

MINIS, the Management 
Information System for Min- 
isters, stood for a principled 
reorganization of . a 
department’s work. It was 
never widely popular. Any 
enthusiasm that remained for 
MINIS was killed by the 
Westland affair. Westland 
glorified not the cavil servant 
as manager bnt the official as 
fixer; power to the cavil servant 
ablest to save a minister from 
embarrassment. Reform is 
now in reverse. 

For all Mr Heseltine’s 
revelations about die innards 
of Cabinet government, no 
serious discussion followed 
: about the committee structure 
' and the burdens of ministers, 
v. Now, with the next election in 

* sight, who has time for the 

• machinery of government ? 
The minister for Ihe civil 
service has become, an in- 
visible man. Mrs Thatcher, at 
one and the same time the only 

source of reformist inspiration 
and the biggest single barrier to 
change, has other concerns. 

But the need for reform will 
not disappear. Privatization 
and die reduction of civil 
service numbers are welcome 
but do not address the issues. 
These have to do with tbe 
conduct of business in a 
Parliament where hours and 
styles still fit nineteenth cen- 
tury rhythms. Redescribing 
tbe task of the civil servant 
cannot be isolated from the 
incoherence of the minister's 
job, its mixture of par- 
liamentary, constituency, 
political, managerial-, and 
departmental activities 
producing, after six years in 
office, so many burnt-out 

Here is as good an explana- 
tion for the timorous spirit of 
ministers in 1986 as personal 
pusillanimity. The strong cri- 
tique advanced by Sir John 
Hoskyns of the absence within 
government of political back- 
up, sources of fresh and 
committed thought, still 
stands unanswered. 

The canvas is large. On it 
figures if hot a freedom of 
information statute then a 
drastic revision of the rules 
about tbe flow of information 
within/into/out of depart- 
ments. With a better flow of 
facts and ideas goes the move- 
ment of personnel In an ideal 
world, the departure of the 
head of the Efficiency Unit, 
would be matched by tbe 
importation of a private sector 
(or local government) figure. 

There has been some 
progress. But it is not enough 
to appoint a purchasing man- 
ager from the private sector; 
why not a corporate policy- 
analyst as under-secretary. 
The only barrier to such 

movement is tbe conservative 
principle of safeguarding po- 
sitions and prospects. 

As the series of artides 
published in The Times this 
week has shown,there is grow- 
ing recognition, not least 
within the civil service itself 
that the old boundaries be- 
tween the political and the 
administrative have shifted. A 
redrawnboundary between 
politics and administration 
could be policed without 
revolutionary changes. In the 
United States at a certain level 
dvil service rules cease and 
appointees have tenure only 
for the life of an administra- 
tion. A version of the French 
cabinet system has been sug- 
gested. It might take the form 
here of an enhanced private 

The convention that min- 
isters are responsible for all 
that departments do in their 
name is exhausted. Civil ser- 
vants — property rewarded for 
the responsbility — must be 
given greater discretion to 
manage the business of gov- 
ernment and take a higher 

Here is an agenda waiting 
for action. It is not up to Sir 
Robert Armstrong (though 
enthusiasm for reform might 
be a useful qualification for his 
successor in office). Whitehall 
reform is a task for politicians, 
and espedally the Prime Min- 
ister. Institutional reform is 
not a substitute for economic 
and social policies to regen- 
erate Britain. It is com- 
plementary. It matters not for 
* the sake of arcane admin- 
istrative flow charts, but for 
the sake of programmes and 
polides. If the machine does 
not function, or works slowly 
and grudgingly in the old ways, 
the most radical political am- 
bition may come to nothing. 


It is wholly unprecedented for 

• the Bar Council to "sue the 
Lord Chancellor and head of 
the Judiciary. It is something 
more than unprecedented — 
astonishing might be a better 
word, or perhaps even alarm- 

; ing — to have a Lord Chan- 
cellor who has to be so roundly 

• rebuked by the Lord Chief 
Justice as Lord Hailsham has 
been by Lord Lane over 
barristers' pay. 

Yesterday the Bar achieved 
a total victory in its case 
against the Lord Chancellor 
when he agreed to enter into 
negotiations, which can con- 
tinue until • July, on the 
barristers' claim for increased 
pay for government legal work 
in criminal cases. Lord 
£ Hailsham has been to the 
Cabinet. and h a * obtained his 
colleagues’ agreement to the 
negotiations, which dearly im- 
plies, that tbe government is 
.. now prepared to find more 
money. . than tbe 5 per cent 
beyond which Lord Hailsham 
had refused to budge. 

Lord Lane awarded the Bar 
its costs and expressed his ; 
^ hope that there would now be 
- a “happy conclusion to a very: 
unpleasant 'matter." So. there 
may be so far as the pay claim 
itself is concerned But there is 
no doubt that Lord Hailsham's 
handling of the affeir has dime 
his reputation for ministerial 

competence harm that will not 
easily be mended. 

Junior barristers dependent 
on government remuneration 
for working in criminal legal 
aid cases have cause to be 
disgruntled On the other hand 
their claim for arise of betwen 
30 and 40 per cent to put than 
on a par with diredlly_ em- 
ployed government banisters 
is too high (some have other 
income) and Lord Hailsham 
could reasonably resist it But 
precise figures have not been 
the source of his humiliation; 
the dispute has really been 
about bis refusal to negotiate 
al all and about his extraor- 
dinary ' handling of his statu- 
tory duty to have regard to the 
principle of fair remuneration. 

In his affidavit to the High 
Court, Lord Hailsham de- 
scribed the considerations 
which moved him both before 
the independent . survey of 
banisters' pay by Coopers and 
Lybrand, and his reasons after 
it for seeking to end the matter 
by introducing regulations for 

a routine rise of pay while 
sayingihat he was prepared to 
continue talks on the Coopers 
and Lybrand Report. “I then 
left London for the Christmas 
break and only returned 
briefly to leave for India on 
January 4,.." On his return, he 
consulted, . ministerial . col- 
leagues and adhered to his 
intentions. “These events ac- 

counted for the time which 
elapsed between my return 
from India and the commu- 
nication of my decision...” 

Lord Lane's response to this 
was to express his difficulty in 
understanding “why all of a 
sudden on December 20 all 
negotiations ceased. Surely 
they should have gone on. The 
feet that the Lord Chancellor 
goes to India and has a holiday 
seems to me to be irrelevant” 
Lord Hailsham's statement 
that discussions had not ac- 
tually been stopped simply 
moved Lord Lane to wonder 
why this could not have been 
clearly, stated in his letter of 
February 7 which instead was 
full of “’extraordinary cliches 
which almost seem to have, 
been designed to be 

Lord Hailsham's retreat has 
saved the court from the need 
to rule against him, which 
Lord Lane said he did not 
want to do. There is now much 
to be said for the barristers’ 
wish for an advisory commit- 
tee to which future claims 
could be referred. Yet the heart 
of tbe matter has not been the 
figures, but Lord Hailsham’s 
insensitive handling of the 
afiahvlf it were still the habit 
of ministers to consider their 
position on such occasions. 
Lord Hailsham might be 
tempted to consider his. 


Ill-founded fears on new exam 

From the Headmaster of Devizes 

-Sir, As an ex-President of the 
Secondary Heads Association and 
a present' member of the Second- 
ary Examinations Council, I feel I 
must take issue with my old 
friend, Rowland Brown, to whose 
alarmist views on ihe introduction 
of the new GCSE examinatin you 
give prominence (March 20). 

It is true that the timetable is 
tight, that resources are limited 
and that teachers* industrial ac- 
tion has in some areas had a 
serious effect on attendance at the 
first stages of the training pro- 
gramme. Nevertheless it would be 
short-sighted in the extreme if 
these difficulties were to be used as 
excuses for delaying a reform 
whose desirability has been 
pressed by all sections of the 
educational establishment for well 
over ten years. 

The great majority of syllabuses 
will have been approved by the 
SEC before the target date of the 
end of April; meanwhile the 
published subject criteria give 
sufficient indication of the 
changes involved to enable 
schools to give guidance to parents 
and pupiis making option choices. 

Teachers will indeed be called 
upon to make radical and highly 
desirable, changes in their meth- 
ods of teaching and assessment 
but subject content is not going to 
be changed out of all recognition. 
Nor are teachers familiar with 
CSE or the many varieties of Joint 
16+ examinations going to find 
the assessment of course work or 
even the problems of differenti- 
ation completely novel. 

The courses will extend over 
two years: as always, most teach- 
ers will learn “on the job” whether 
or not they have participated in 
the preliminary training and it will 
be the responsibility of local 
authorities and examining groups 
to see that appropriate in-service 
training is provided. It is some- 
times forgotten that CSE was 
launched n 1963 without any 
preliminary training or extra re- 
sources at all. 

As Mr Brown acknowledges, the 
Secretary of State has made extra 
resources available for GCSE: we 
should -all like more but at least it 
is a start — and not every textbook 
or piece of equipment is going to 
be immediately outmoded. 

I believe that GCSE will be of 
enormous benefit to young people. 

We shall never be 100 per cent 
ready for change and it would be 
criminal to postpone a long- 
awaited reform until every i has 
been dotted and every i crossed. 
Yours faithfully. 



Devizes School, 

The Green. 

Dc\ izes. 


March 21. 

From Mr Borman Brown 
Sir. Presumptuous as it may be for 
a mere assistant teacher to chal- 
lenge the statements of the Presi- 
dent of the Secondary Heads 
Association. Mr Brown's alarmist 
and irresponsible letter must not 
go unquestioned. 

He claims that the education 
service is totally unprepared. The 
many teachers and examination 
board officers who have worked 
for over five years to draw up 
statements of national criteria, to 
plan syllabuses, to make admin- 
istrative arrangements find all 
their work dismissed in one 
emotive sweep. 2t is over twelve 
years since feasibility studies were 
undertaken: some "joini” 
examinations have been opera- 
tional all that time — is this “total 

If Mr Brown and his colleagues, 
instead of complaining about 
matters which are in their power 
to help to remedy, had attended 
some training courses — 50 per 
cent attended as well as 50 per cent 
unattended — they would have 
seen not "chaotic shambles” but 
concerned professionals anxious 
to get on with the task of 
introducing an important 
improvement in the assessment of 
our pupils. 

True, syllabuses are not yet 
ready in their final form, but 
informed teachers have a good 
idea of their contents and thrust: 
true, resources are needed, but let 
us nor think that aJJ our present 
resources will have to be discarded 
— far from it. 

Remember that the new system 
is based on the best of current 
practice — perhaps that explains 
some of the outcry. 

Yours faithfullv. 


18 Weston Lodge. 

6 Lower Bristol Road, 

March 22. 

Time for action 
over Sizewell 

From Professor Ian Fells 
Sir, The day of reckoning for tbe 
Government over the nuclear 
industry and its future is fast 
approaching. The Sizewell inquiry 
report will emerge some time 
during the summer and it has 
already been preceded by a select 
committee report highly critical of 
reprocessing and storage of nu- 
clear waste at Sella field. 

There are probably no votes in 
nuclear power, as successive gov- 
ernments have discovered, and in 
the run up to an election that 
anaesthetises action. Bui some- 
thing will have to be derided, and 
soon, or there will not be a nuclear 
construction industry to build 
whatever is decided upon. The last 
power station order was in 1979. 

Of course if we leave the market 
to operate, as Mr Lawson would 
have ns do, then we should just 
import low-cost coal and oil 
swallow our pride and buy cheap 
nuclear electricity from the 
French. Then we can avoid the 
embarrassment of ordering 
American nuclear technology as 
the CEGB would have us do. 

As for reprocessing, to divert 
criticism, spent fuel could be left 
untreated mouldering in dry 
stores, a dreadful legacy to poster- 
ity and a good deal more difficult 
to deal with than the pit heaps left 
by the coal owners 60 years ago for 
us to clean up. 

Inaction on nuclear matters 
cannot be absolved by an enthu- 
siasm for “monergy” (Mr 
Walker’s contribution to the En- 
glish language) and energy policy 
cannot be left to lawyers and 
planning inquiries. How much 
longer can our elected members 
feebly vacillate, having developed 
no coherent policy in seven years 
whilst our European competitors 
forge ahead with clear and success- 
ful energy programmes? 

Do we have io wait until the 
North Sea runs dry and tbe lights 
go out? 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Newcastle upon 

Department of Chemical En- 

Merz Court, 

Claremont Road, 

Newcastle upon Tyne. 

Ordination of women 

From the Bishop of London 
Sir, In your leading article on 
March 22 you repeat the statement 
made by your Religious Affairs 
Correspondent on March 17 that I 
have said I would not be present at 
the Lambeth ' Conference if a 
woman bishop were consecrated 
in the Anglican Communion. 

I have made no such statement 
for the simple reason that I have 
made no decision. All I have said 
is that in such an event I would, in 
consultation with other bishops 
who share my views, have to 
consider whether we could better 
witness to the Anglican tradiuon 
by our presence or absence. 

Meanwhile. I would draw atten- 
tion to the position of the Church 
of England in one respect Article 
XXXIV of the 39 Articles specifi- 
cally limits the authority of “every 
particular or national Church" to 
“ordain, change, and abolish, 
ceremonies or riles” to those 
“ordained only by man’s 

The ordinal annexed to the 
Book of Common Prayer repeat- 
edly reaffirms that the ministry is 
of divine institution — e.g., in the 
collect which states that God in 
his divine -providence has ap- 
pointed divers orders of ministers 
in the Church. 

Yours faithfully, 

London House. 

8 Barton Street 
Westminster, SW1. 

March 24. 

Student benefits 

From Mr Iain Caito 
Sir, I feel I should reply to 
Norman Fowler’s letter on social 
security benefits for students 
(March 1 7). The Secretary of State 
gives some idea of what the 
changes in student enutlement 
mil be; however, he does not 
explain what the consequences 
will be for individual students if 
these changes go through. 

For example, an undergraduate 
student paying £20 per week rent 
in a university-controlled flat who 
goes home during the summer at 
present is entitled to £367 housing 
benefit throughout the year. Next 
year his entitlement will be zero. A 
student paying £23 per week will 
lose £803. 

An undergraduate student pay- 
ing £25 per week in private sector 
accommodation is at present en- 
titled to £803 housing benefit — 
□ext year if he goes home during 
the summer he will receive only 
£293. Added to this must be losses 
caused by the removal of entitle- 
ment to supplementary and un- 
employment benefit. 

These massive losses are to be 
compensated bya paltry £36 rise— 
and even that will be means- 
tested, so that most students will 
not receive the full amount. 
According to government figures 
275,000 students will be affected. 

Next year many students will be 
unable to return to university 
because of these cuts, and those 
that do return lace the prospect of 
living in abject poverty wlule 
trying to study for their degree. 
Yours faithfully, 


Accommodation convener. Stu- 
dents Representative CounriL 
Edinburgh University Students' 

Student Centre House, 

Bristo Square. 


Peace in Wapping 

From Father Derek Peel and 

Sir. We write to you both as 
residents of Wapping, and as 
members of St Peter’s Church. 
London Docks, to ask you to allow 
us. through the pages of your 
newspaper, to make the following 

We have suffered inconve- 
nience over the last few weeks, as a 
result of the discord between News 
International and the print 
unions, and most especially on 
Saturday evenings. 

This Saturday, in the evening, 
we at St Peter’s, and the people of 
all the churches in and around 
Wapping. will be celebrating the 
Resurrection of the Lord Jesus 
ChrisL We appeal to you and to 
the prim unions to do’ everything 

Green belt pressures 

From Mr Iain Mills. MP for 
Meriden (Conservative) 

Sir, My constituency of Meriden, 
which takes in the precious green 
corridor between Birmingham 

Age concern 

From Mr Peter Keeling 
Sir, I entirely agree with Brian 
Crozier (March 19) about the 
euphemistic use of the word 
“elderly” when referring to old 
people. I have been fighting a 
losing -battle in local government 
circles in the last decade over the 
use of this word. 

Even worse is to call old people 
“geriatrics". One is reminded of 
the man who described his family 
as consisting of himself, his ob- 
stetric and his two paediatrics. 
Yours faithfully. 


Director of Housing. 

City of Swansea. 

The Guildhall, 


West Glamorgan. 

Advertisers on TV 

From Mr Wilfred Greatorex 
Sir, Mr Michael Grade is right to 
be wary of the advertising man's 
finger in television programmes 
(March 21), but his claim that 
advertisers have never interfered 
with schedules and content needs 

Shortly after the end of A TV’s 
The Power Game. I was writer- 
producer of a series called Htne for 
the same company. As we were 
recording the first episode I no- 
ticed three elegant young men in 
the studio gallery. I found they 
came from an advertising agency: 
their task was to report on the kind 
of content that might “improve” 
the programme. 

I explained that while I was 
aware that scenes of hanky-panky 
in a hayrick or the odd bottlcfight 
might "improve" the ratings, 
there was no place for them in 
Htne. Neither would I ever be 
persuaded to add a cute child or 
cuddly pet to the cast. I then told 
the interloping ad-men to leave. 
The programme controller backed 
me up. and I heard no more of the 

Yours faithfully. 


Fox well. 

Berry Hill. 


Nr Maidenhead. 


possible to allow the people of 
Wapping, and all the visitors who 
wish to enter or leave Wapping. to 
be left in peace so to do. 

AH Christians at this time will 
fce celebrating mankind’s redemp- 
tion: please leave Wapping free to 
celebrate also. We write neither to 
criticise you, nor the print unions 
concerned, nor the police force: 
instead we ask you all to show us 
understanding at Easter, as 
Wapping by and large has shown 
understanding to the dispute that 
has been thrust upon it. 

Yours faithfullv. 

DEREK PEEL. Rector. 




St Peter’s Clergy House, 

Wapping Lane. El. 

March 24. 

and Coventry, has seen the cre- 
ation of tiie National Exhibition 
Centre — very good news — the 
building of Birmingham Inter- 
nationa! Airport - good news — 
the extension of Birmingham 
Airport — good news for the region 
but noise for the neighbours. 

Now ihe residents are facing the 
proposal that Birmingham’s bid 
for the Olympics should be based 

in' our area, that Britain’s biggest 
coalmine should be sued in our 
area; and a numocr of other large 
projects proposed for the green 
bell area. These include a huge 
high technology site and a massive 
housingdevelopment in one ol the 
prettiest villages, Dorridge. 

WesL Midlands has five million 
square feel of land available — 
some of it derelict — so why do we 
not do more to redevelop and 
return to useful purpose this 
derelict land? 

Yours sincerely. 

Job for JobCentres 

From Mr Angus H anion 
Sir, My experience in Brixton has 
indicated a way the Government 
can reduce unemploymenL We 
wanted a new clerical worker and 
approached the JobCentre. They 
were unhelpful ar.d appeared to be 
only concerned with the job from 
the employee's point of view. 

Their phones were often en- 
gaged. they closed early, and 
generally were not marketing their 
services or those of the un- 
employed effectively. In the end 
we decided not to use them and 
have trouble and expense finding 
suitable staff. 

Why not make the JobCentres 
effective marketing agents for the 
unemployed? JobCentres could 
write or phone all local firms 
regularly, say twice a year, offering 
their services for recruitment. If 
they were half as effective as other 
high street labour agencies they 
would have a much more ener- 
getic approach to employers. Why, 
for instance, aren't they open all 
day Saturday, and why ’don’t they 
have a mailing list of employers? 

This won’t eradicate unemploy- 
ment but it wouid help. We mifini 
nave had one more employee now 
if the JobCentre had actively 
marketed one individual's labour. 
Yours sincerely. 

ANGUS H ANTON, Manager. 
Giant Games Ltd. 

16 Dalbers Road. SW2. 


House of Commons. 
March 17. 


March 27 1913 

The complexities of. and issues 
involi ed in. the two Balkan wars . 
defy hreiity In the first, 1912- 
1913. Serbia, Bulgaria, Greece and 
Montenegro depraved the Ottoman 
empire of most of its European i 
territories, in doing so capturing 
Adrianople mow Eaime. Turkey). 

In the second, which began in I 
■June, 19)3, the actors quarrelled 
over the partitioning, the ! 

subsequent settlements creating 
the tensions which eventually led '• 
to the Great War. 



Adrianople has fallen. j 

The cup* of triumph of the Allies 1 
is full since this great achievement ' 
follows the surrender of Djavid 1 
Pasha ro the Servians on the banks 
of the Skuzcbi. 

The news of the first general 
assault yesterday had prepared the 
people of the Capital for the event, 
but prophecy has so often proved I 
fruitless in me past that this time 
people refrained from immediate I 
anticipation. At 10 o'clock thisl 
morning the streets were thronged I 
and a crowd had gathered outside ; 
the War Office awaiting the latest i 
news. The reception of the official j 
bulletin was marked by a scene of 
enthusiasm. The town was 
beflagged as if by magic. 

Details of the actual fighting are : 
still scarce. Tbe War Office bulle- 
tin of last night states that on the 
southern sector of the Adrianople 
fortress area the Eight (Tundjal 
Division captured the outpost of 
the enemy's position with 20 
cannon, six mitrailleuses, and 800 
prisoners, and that on all the other 
sectors a vigorous cannonade con- 
tinued. At 10 o'clock last night the 
situation on the sectors was as 
follows:— On the eastern sector the 
Bulgarian troops reached within 
200 yards of the line of forts, 
capturing 1.000 Turkish soldiers, 
with six quickfirers and 21 cannon. 
At dawn this morning the whole of 
the eastern front of the fortress, 
together with the forts of Aivas- 
Baba, Hadjioglu. Kestanlik, Kuru- 
jChesme. Yildiz, Topyolu, and 
: rlavkas. was captured with all the 
I naileries after a brave attack, 
i A later message, at half-past 9 
this morning, stated l hal the T urks 
had set fine to the stores, the 
arsenal. the small barracks be- 
tween Yanak Kastala and the 
Hospitals, and the barracks in the 
north of the town. It was reported 
that the city was in flames at many 
1 points, and that the population 
(were panic-stricken and fleeing 
.dong the fort lines. 

1 After the news of the fell of the 
fortress a group of students made a 
street demonstration and went to 
•he Legation of Servia end Greece, 
where they greeted tbe Ministers of 
the Allied Stales in gTeat triumph. 


I From Cur Own Correspondent 1 

The fall of Adrianople has 
; irliclly deflected attention from 
in* Austro- Montenegrin dispute 
j and Sir Edward Grey's important 
J speech. The imminence ot peace is 
left *.,• have srimuiated the natural 
desire of Bulgaria net to leave to 
Turkey the renown of having 
defended the fortress successfully 
jgainsf all attacks. There is. how- 
ever. a disposition here to welcome 
the Bulgarian success as likely to 
facilitate the peace negotiations. 
Turkish prestige, it is argued, 
cannot suffer by the loss of the 
fortress after so plucky and tena- 
cious a defence, while the fact that 
ihe place bus been carried by storm 
trees the Ottoman Government 
from the odium of having to 
abandon in diplomatic negotiation 
a position siili held by the army. . . 

Two angles of tbe "impregnable 
triangle.” or Yanina, Adrianople, 
and Skutari. bavins now been 
demoiisried and the late of Skutari 
having been determined by the 
Powers— thanks, it is believed here, 
to the intervention of Austria- 
Hungary as peacemaker far Eu- 
rope— tne Balkan outlook is much, 

Dutch courage 

From Mr Jim Spicer. MP for 
Dorset West (Conser.-ative) 

Sir. Ir. his letter to you (March 20) 
Mr Fuell deplored ’the fact that he 
and many thousands of other 
British residents abroad still did 
not have the right to vote in the 
United kingdom elections. 

I am happy to tell him that the 
Government has kept its promise 
to rectify this and that within the 
next few months all Britons who 
have been abroad for less than five 
years will be able to have their 
names included on next year’s 
register of electors. The procedure 
to be followed to achieve this will 
be given maximum publicity on a 
world-wide basis. 

Yours faithfullv. 


House of Commons. 

March 20. 

Meaningful terms 

From ,\fr R. o. Stuart-Prinee 
Sir, On March 10 I received a 
communication from an airline 
? admittedly foreign) advising me 
that us “flight attendants” had 
“initialed a work action". 

first reaction that I was 
glad to hear it. but was it really 
necessary to tell me that they are at 

vork? Reading further. ! learned 
trial, ia fact, ir.e “work action” is a 
"sir: ke” and a “walkout”. 

Yours faithfully. 


Hili House. 

Great Missenden, 

March 1 1. 



In t 
is e 
It i 
































Maida 26: The Right Hon Sir 
Philip Moore had an audience 
of The Queen this morning and 
took leave upon relinquishing 
his appointment as Private Sec- 
retary to her Majesty and 
Keeper of The Queen's 

His Excellency Dr Basil A. 
I nee was received in audience by 
The Queen and presented the 
Letters of Recall of his prede- 
cessor and bis own Letters of 

Commission as High Commis- 


sioner for the 

Trinidad and 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the High Commission who 
had the honour of being pre- 
sented to Her Majesty: Mr 
Ousman Ali (Deputy High 
Commissioner). Dr Vincent 
Lasse (Counsellor). Mr Stephen 
Kangal (First Secretary). Miss 
Razia Ali (First Secretary), Mrs 
Vivien Lee Que (Attache) and 
Miss Merlyne Alexander 

Mrs Ince had the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

Sir William Harding (Deputy 
Under Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

Mr J.G. MacDonald was re- 
ceived in audience by The 
Queen and kissed hands upon 
his appointment as Her 
Majesty's .Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 

Mrs MacDonald had the hon- 
our of being received by The 

Her Majesty held a Council at 

There were present: the Vis- 
count Whitetaw (Lord Presi- 
dent), the Right Hon Peter 
Walker. MP (Secretary of State 
for Energy), the Right Hon Sir 
Philip Moore (Private Secretary 
to The Queen), the Right Hon 
Norman Tebbit MP (Chan- 
cellor of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster) and tbe Right Hon John 
MacGregor. MP (Chief Sec- 
retary, Treasury). 

The Hon Sir John Stocker, the 
Hon Sir Harry Woolf and the 
Hon Sir Donald Nicholls (Lords 
Justices of Appeal) and Sir 
William Heseltine (Deputy Pri- 
vate Secretary to The Queen) 
were sworn in Members of Her 
Majesty's Most Honourable 
Privy CounciL 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was in 
attendance as Clerk of the 

At the Council The Queen 
pricked the List of High Sheriffs 
for the Counties of England and 

The Viscount Whilelaw had 
an audience of Her Majesty 
before the Council. 

After the Council The Queen 

President of the British Amateur 
Athletic Board, this morning at 
Buckingham Palace presented 
the BAAV Trophies and World 
Record Plaques for 1985. 

His Royal Highness. Presi- 
dent of the Institute of Sports 
Sponsorship, chaired Institute 
meetings at Fishmongers' Hall. 
London. EC4. 

Mr Brian McGrath was in 

March 26: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother this morning 
visited Smithfield Market and 
subsequently honoured the 
Master (Mr David Franks) and 
members of the Court of the 
Worshipful Company of Butch- 
ers with her presence at lun- 
cheon at Butcher's Hail 

Ruth. Lady Ferraoy. Sir Mar- 
tin Gilliat and Captain James 
Lowther-Pinkerton were in 

March 26: The Prince of Wales 
this morning visited Lea View 
House. Hackney. ES. 

His Royal Highness was 
present at luncheon with the 
Grosvenor Estate Trustees at 
the Grosvenor Office. 53 Davies 
Street. Wl. 

Mr David Rovcroft was in 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales this evening attended a 
performance of Messiaen’s 
Three Tableaux from “St Fran- 
cis of Assisi", by the Royal 
Philharmonic Society, hosted by 
His Excellency the French 
Ambassador and Madame Viot 
at the Royal Festival Hall. 

Afterwards Their Royal High- 
nesses were entertained at din- 
ner by His Excellency the 

French Ambassador and Ma- 
dame Viol at 1 1 Kensington 
Palace Gardens, W8. 

Miss Anne Beckwrih-Smith 
and Lieutenant-Colonel Brian 
Anderson were in attendance. 
March 26: The Princess Mar- 
garet. Countess of Snowdon 
today visited Josiah Wedgwood 
and Sons Limited at Barlaston. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival by Her 
Majesty's Lord Lieutenant for 
Staffordshire (Sir Arthur 

The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon, who 
travelled in ap aircraft of The 
Queen's Flight, was attended by 
The Lady Glenconner. 

March 26: Princess Alice. 
Duchess of Gloucester. Colonel- 
in-Chief, Royal Corps of Trans- 
port. this afternoon received 
Major-General D.B.H. Colley 
on assuming the appointment of 
Director General of Transport 
and Movements. 


March 26: Princess .Alexandra. 
Patron of Queen .Alexandra's 
Royal Naval Nursing Service, 
this afternoon visited Canada 
Block, the newly renovated 

Nurses Quarter at Royal Naval 
Hospital Haslar. 

pricked the List of High Sheriffs 
for the Counties of the Duchy of 


The Queen, accompanied by 
The Duke of Edinburgh, this 
afternoon opened the new 
Council Chamber at Bromley. 

Having been received at the 
Civic Centre by Colonel Regi- 
nald Wood (Deputy Lieutenant) 
and the Mayor of Bromley 
(Councillor Richard Foister), 
Her Majesty and His Royal 
Highness viewed an exhibition 
in the Great Hall of various 
aspects of life in Bromley. 

Afterwards The Queen 
opened the new Council Cham- 
ber and unveiled a commemo- 
rative plaque. 

The Duchess of Grafton, the 
Right Hon Sir William 
Heseltine and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. 



Her Royal Highness later 
opened HM Coastguard Mari- 
time Rescue Sub-Centre at Ma- 
rine Parade West. Lee-on- 
Solent and afterwards attended 
a Reception at HMS Daedalus. 

Lady Mary FitzaJan-Howard 
was in attendance. 

A thanksgiving and memorial 
service for the life and work of 
the Rev Richard J. Hamper. 
General Secretary of the Free 
Church Federal Council. 1979- 
1986. will be held on Wednes- 
day. April 23, 1986. at 3pm. at 
Bloomsbury Baptist Church. 
Shaftesbury Avenue, London, 

A service of thanksgiving for the 
life of Mr Charles Graham- 
Dixon. QC, will be held in the 
Medical School and Hospital 
Chapel, Charing Cross Hospital, 
W6. at 12.30 today. 

Sale room 

Records for Newlyn school 

By Geraldine Norman 

Sale Room Correspondent 

Impressionist and modem 
pictures of middle quality have 
made a lot of money in London 
this week but rarely topped 

While Sotheby's and 
Christie's stock mainly to the 
continental schools, Phillips 
tried an offering of modern 
British paintings and this 
market proved mnch the most 

They scored two auction 
price records for the Newlyn 
school, the group of artists 
who worked in Cornwall at the 
turn of the century: £ 66,000 for 
Stanhope Forbes and £24,000 
for Samuel John Lamoma 

A rare 03 by Rnssell Flint 
also set an auction price record 
for the artist at 235,200. 

Sotheby's Tuesday evening 
sale totalled £4.1 million with 

18 per cent left unsold. 

A Monet river landscape of 
1885. “L'Epte pres de 
Giveniy". sold far £484,000. 

A fragment of a Van Gogh 
measuring 12 inches by nine 
and depicting a sailor and his 
sweetheart walking down a 
pat h secured £280,500 (esti- 
mate £250,000^320,000). 

Gustave CaDkbotte valua- 
tions are climbing. Sotheby's 
had a portrait at £94.600 
(estimate £55,000-£70;000). 
Painted in 1293 this' kind of 
CaOlebotte would have been a 
£ 12,000 picture a couple of 
years ago. 

Abstracts by Pevsner, Ben 
Nicholson aud Max Ernst 
failed to sell, as weQ as a 
Henry Moore bronze ma- 
qnette and a Odder mobile. 

A Dali pastel of 1931, “La 
Chevelare", seamed £79,200 

(estimate £45,000-255.000) 
but his two sObouettes of 
around 1936, “Lai et Efle", 
were unsold at £30,000 (esti- 
mate £70,000-000,000). 

Sotheby's secondary sale 
yesterday morning was 29 per 
cent unsold with a total of £25 
millio n. Two sessions at 
Christie’s on Tuesday only 
scraped £957,000 with 17. per 
cent unsold. The British pic- 
tures at Phillips made 
£453,000 and had the lowest 
unsold score at 12 par cent. 

The Arthur Frank collection 
of scientific instruments at 
Sotheby’s node £329,032 with 
nine per cent unsold. 

The top price was £25,850 
(estimate £H),O0O-fl5,OOG) for 
a rare compound monocular 
mkroseope by John Marshall, 
the most eminent eighteentb- 
ceatvy F-n gKah maker. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Julian Artery, MP, 67; 

Axnery, MP, 67; Mr 
D.R.G. Andrews, 53; Mr L. 
Blom-Cooper. QC Mr 
James Callaghan. MP. 74; Mr 
R.P. Cohan. 61; Lord Fanshawe 
of Richmond, 59; Sir David 
Hancock. 52; Mr Victor 
Hochhauser. 63; Sir Archibald 
Hope. 74; Sir Douglas Logan, 
76; Sir Henrv Plumb, MEP, 61: 
Mr Mstislav Rostropovich, 59; 
Sir Richard Sharp. 71; Miss 
Sarah Va ughan. 62; Mr Michael 
York, 44. 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr Terence Painter, aged 50. an 
under-secretary in the Board of 
Inland Revenue, to be a 
Commissioner of Inland Rev- 
enue and a deputy chairman of 
the board in succession to Mr 
A.M.W. Batti shill, upon his 
appointment as chairman of the 

Mr Michael Whidam. acting 
director of the Save the Children 
Fund, to be chief executive of 
the Royal National Institute for 
the Deaf from May 1. 

Dr David Lcgge, aged 50. assis- 
tant director of North Stafford- 
shire Polytechnic, to be 
president of the British Psycho- 
logical Society. 

Mrs Penelope Anne Penney, 
Headmistress of Prendergasi 
Grammar School, to be Head- 
mistress of Putney High School 
in January 1987 upon the 
retirement of Mrs N. Silver. 

Captain (Acting Major) Rowan 
.Anthony Frederick Paul Jack- 
son. Royal Marines, aged 38. to 
be Equerry to tbe Duke of| 
Edinburgh from August 6 in 
succession to Squadron Leader 
Timothy Finneron. 


Mr David Moulsoa. deputy 
County Court Registrar on the 
Wales and Chester Circuit, to be 
registrar for the district of the 
Bridgend County Court and 
District Registrar in the District 
Registry of the High Court at 
Bridgend from May 6. 

Royal Society 
of Chemistry 

The Royal Society of Chemistry 
has named the following en- 
dowed lectureships for 1986-87: 

Centenary: Professor AJt Cowley 

lUtowfrsjtyof UhMed 

Statni. Professor R3. Meirtflekl (The 
Rockefeller University. New York. 
United States). Professor S-A- Rice 
i Chicago University. United States). 
Hugo Muller Proiessor JX. Baldwin 
t Oxford University), 
industrial; Dr S.P.S. Andrew Ota. 

Ingold; Pi 

Professor F.G. BortweU 
(Northwestern University. Untied 

John J«yes: Professor O.R. Williams 
fUWtST. Cardiff). 

Ludwig Mood; Professor D C Bradley 

(Queen Mary College. London). 

May and Baker: Sir Derek Barton 

(CNRS. Cd-sur-Yvrtte. France). 
Nyhohn: Professor MJ Gardner 

(University of California at Berkeley. 
United stales). 

Pedler: Professor J.LG. Cadogan (BP 
Research Centre. Sunbury-on- 

THdCTijbr M.S Child (Oxford Univer- 
sity). Proiessor BT. Heaton (Liverpool 
University). Professor R. Rarnage 
(Edinburgh University) 

Science report 

Py rethrum still king of pest killers 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

Insecticides, for all their invalu- 
able contribution to crop health 
and higher yields, still have a 
number of disadvantages. 

One is that tfaey can poison 
other forms of wildlife, not least 
the predators and parasites that 
are an important element in 
natural pest controL Another is 
that in many instances the 
insects rapidly develop resis- 
tance to certain types of chemi- 

For these reasons scientists 
aie anxious, wherever possible, 
to exploit ami develop natural 
insecticides. An example are the 
nyrethrins found in pyrethram 
flowers, which nave been rec- 

ognized for well over a century 
as powerful specific agents bat 
are prone to instability in light 
and air. 

In 1948 staff a! Rothamsted 
Experimental Station. Hertford- 
shire. began a study of the 
relationship between insec- 
ticidal activity and the chemical 
structure of these compounds. 
Early results were successful, 
and in 1962 the National Re- 
search Development Corpora- 
tion offered financial support 

Two new compoonds, 
resmethrin and braresmethria. 
were synthesized in 1965 and 
were found to be highly potent 
against certain insect species but 

of little danger to m a mm als. 

A farther series, including 
pennethrin. cypermethrin and 
deitameihrin. were developed in 
the early 1970s which, being 
notably more stable in light and 
air, were particularly suitable 
for agricultural use. 

Synthetic pyrethroids now 
represent a boat a quarter of all 
insecticides sold worldwide. 
About three quarters of those, 
worth more than £350 million a 
year, are based on compounds 
discovered at Rothamsted. and 
royalties now provide a substan- 
tial income through the NRDCs 
successor, the British Technol- 
ogy Group. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr J2VL Drake 
and Miss B.C. Gow 
The engagement is announced 
between Julius, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs Michael Drake, and 
Belinda, daughter of General Sir 
Michael and Lady Gow. 

end Miss J. Kirby 
The engagement is SDOoaaced 

Captain AjGXL Horridge 
and Mm EX. Stevenson 
The engagement is announced 
between Guy, son of Brigadier 
and Mrs G.BJL Horridge. of 

between John Robert, son of Mr 
and Mrs P.T. Allen, of 
Horstnonden, Kent, and Jane, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
P.R. Kirby, of Sydney, 

Mr M.S. Cboksey 
and Miss U-M. Jen bins 
The engagement is announced 
between Munchi. son of Mr and 
Mrs S.K. Choksey, of Hamp- 
stead, London, and Ursula, 
daughter of Dr and Mrs J.R.E. 
Jenkins, of Michaelston-Le-Pit, 
South Glamorgan. 

Dr JJ*. Davis 

and Miss FjC. Marshal] 

The engagement is announced 
between Jeremy, son of Profes- 
sor Peter and Dr Elizabeth 
Davis, of St Mawes. Cornwall, 
and Fiona, daughter of Mr and 
Mis Howard Marshall, of Stoke 

Sevenoaks, Kent, and 
daughter of Mr a nd Mrs R.H. 
Stevenson, of St Andrews, Fife. 
Mr J.A. Latimer 
Ud Miss J-A. Woods 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between John Alexander, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs WJ. 
Latimer, of South Godstone, 
Surrey, and Janet Ann, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. 
Woods, of AughtonT L anc ashir e. 
Mr RJ). Oldfield 
and Miss WJ). Waflfs 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Richard, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs P. Oldfield, of 
Laughton, East Sussex, and 

Wendy Dawn, eldest daughter 
of the Rev 

R.G and Mrs Wallis, 
of The Vicarage, Bishops! one. 
East Sussex. 

Mr J-AX. Peril 
and Mbs BJVLE. Smith 
Tbe engagem en t is announced 
b e t wee n 

bo. younger son of 
Mr Jeremy Ped and Mrs 


Dr IXC. f&awood 
and Mias RM. Little 
The e ng a g ement is ann ou n ce d 
between David, eider son of Dr 
and Mrs HXJL Hinwood, 
Wellington, S hro p sh ire, and 
Melanie, only during of Mr 
and Mrs AG. Little. RosehiD 
Court. Market Drayton, 

Foster, of Arodiffe, York- 
shire, and Belinda, younger 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Nicho- 
las Smith, of Chamey Bassett, 
Oxf o rd shir e. 

Mr JJVLRceca 
■ad M3sa KjC Thampaou 
The engagement is announced 
bet w een Jonathan, son of Mr 


Mr VAX. Kennard 
and Mbs G.EJVL Ames 
Tbe engagement is announced 
between Vivian, son of tbe late* 
Major David Kennard and of 
Mrs David Kennard. of 
Chilfrome House, Dorchester. 
Dorset, and Georgina, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs Geotge Ames, of 
The Bury Cottage. Odiham, 

M.W. Reece, FRCS, and Mis 
Reece, of Ydverton, Devon, 
and Elizabeth, youngest daugh- 
ter of Mr J.C Thompson, OBE, . 
and Mrs Thompson, of 
Worksop, Nottinghamshire. 

Mr JjC Green 

and Mrs HA Do ugUa - P ensnt 
The engagement is announced 
between Jeffrey, son of Mr and 
Mrs Bl Green, of Ohio, and 

Henrietta Douglas- Pennant, of 
London; SW1. 

Queen’s counsel 


Tbe following have been 
pointed Queen's Counsel: 
Christopher Bruton Friday, Sir 
Gordon Johnson Borne, Gareth 
Hywel Jones. Richard Ferguson, 
Anita Mary Ryan, Thomas Ar- 
thur Charles Coningsby, Bar- 
bara Jean Lyon Mills, Richard 
Brooks Mawrey, John Letgbtou 
Williams, Stephen George 
MitchelL Anthony Trevor 
Glass, Christopher Wilsoo- 
Smith, George Robert Bartlett, 
Daniel Gerard Robins, David 
John Fairer, Patrick Alan 
Twigg. Peter John Luther Beau- 
mont, Vivian Robinson, Rich- 
ard Henry Quixano Henri ques, 
Rupert David Hingston Bursell, 
Hugh Robert Mayor, Anthony 
Dominic Afemado Temple, 
Christopher William Bellamy, 
Anthony Edward Douglas Wat- 
son. George Winston Roddick, 
Timothy Paul Barnes. Gianville 
Vernon Pugh. Anthony John 
Christopher Hoggett, Michael 
George Tugendbat, Roger Gren- 
fell Toulson, Martin James 
Moora-Bick. Hugh lan Lang 
Laddie, Robert Michael 
EngJehart, Richard Fernybougb. 
limoiby Andrew Wigram 
Lloyd, Peter James Fox. An- 
thony Richard Boswood, Brian 
Henry Leveson. Michael New- 
man Howard, Mary Howard) 
Arden, Christopher John Lock- 
hart -Mummery, Robert Steen 
Smith, David Keighticy Rideal 
Oliver, Janet Hilary Smith, Van 
Vecbten Veeder, Richard John 
Pearson Aikens, Jonathan 
Philip Chadwick Sumption, and 
Rosalyn Higgins. 


'A knighthood has been con- 
ferred upon Mr Justice Millett 
on his appointment as a judge of 
the High Court 

Latest wills 

Mr Thomas Joseph Good well, of 
Louth, Lincolnshire, formerly of 
Spalding, left estate valued at 

Sir Cuthbert Berwick Clegg, of 
Great Barrow. Cheste r , former 
chairman of Martins Bank, left 
£286,948 net 

Mrs Jane Wiflington Brooke, of 
Chichester, left £758,760 net 
Other estates include (net, be- 
fore tax paid): 

Clough, Mr Harold Percy, of 

Keighley .£573,610 

Forster, Mr William, of 

Ebchester, Co Durham£337,4 1 2 
Minter, Mr Kirkham Sidney, of 
Broadstairs, civil 

servant £327,003 

Nash, Mr Nod Henry, of 


Hayling Island £363,878 

Salmon, Mrs Katharine, of 

Chester £295,238 

Whittaker, Mary Frances Au- 
drey, of Farnham, 
Surrey £417,877 

University news 



Eletted to WtowsMji o-OT October lj 

E Herztt. BA 


(London}, mo mo>- 

Smith. BSC. PhD (Aberdeen). 
Levertmtme research fellow at the 
department of zoology. 


Str WtUtam Brown's medals. 1986 
(ave been awarded as feBows: Greek 

College: Latin ode: A RiiWat i. St 
Joiura CoOepe. 

T!»e Person Arno 1986: GDWSUams. 
Trinity Coaege: me Montagu Barier 
Prtee 1986 is not awarded. 


Dr Pi Uzzell is to be Director 
' of the St Luke's College Founda- 
tion, not director of the college, 
as stated on March 11. 


Butchers* Company 


Queen Fiwah eih the « 

Mother was the gntst of hgpour 

mex WWS UIC BUM*. 

at a luncheon given by tbe Gonrt 

and Past Wastes _of . the 
Butchers’ Company at Btflchert’ 
HaU yesterday. Mr .David -L 
Franks, Master, was the host 

The Political Committee of the 
Carfcon dub held a'hmctam 
yesterday at which, the guest of 
honour and speaker was the 
Hon William Waldegrave. MF- 
Viscount Macmillan of 
Ovenden presided and Mr SJL 
Knowles also spoke. 
Canada-United Kingdom Cham- 
ber of Commerce . 

Mr R.RA- Wain, PiM&m of 

the Canada-United Kingdom 

Chamber of Com m e r ce, pre- 
sided at a luncheon held yes- 
terday at the Portman tacr- 
Contiaental hotel in honour of 

Mr.Oande Castongnay. 

Mid Atlantic Cub * 

Mr Bernard Ing h a m . ChiefPree 
Secretary to the Prime Minister, 
was the guest of honour and 
speaker at a luncheon arranged 
by tbe Mid Adamic Chib of 
London at the F . ngHsh -Spea king 
Union yesterday. Mr Fernand 
Auberj on ois was in. the drafr. 
Conservative Foreign. .**4 
C omm onwealth Council 
Mr Hilary Ecd^WHliam?, 
Chairman of the LatinrAmen- 
«n group of the Conservative 
Foreign a nd Commo nwealth 

Council, presiited at the g oup 

inaugural luncheon . - 

today at & Ermin’s Hotel. 
Baroness Young, Minister of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs, was the guest of 


United and CeeflCSab 
Tbe United and Cedi Qnb 
dined in tbe House of Commons 
last night The guest of honour 
and speaker was the Hon Dotqt- 
las Hurd, Secretary of Stale for 
the Home Department. Sir 
Humphrey Atkins, MP, chair- 
man of the duby presided and 
Mr Michael Cook also spoke. 
Society of Industrial Artists and 

The annual Minerva dinner of 
the Society of Industrial Artists 
and Designers was held last 
night at Apothecaries' HalL The 
guests were received by Mr 
Michael Wolff president, and 
the principal speaker was Sr 
John Burgh, Director-General 
of the British CounciL The 
society’s design medal was pre- 
sented to Mr Vico MagistrettL 
Lord's Taverners 
The Lord’s Taverners gave a 
rfinnw last night at the B e rkel ey 
hotel, Wilton Place, London, 
SW1. in honour of Mr WJ. 
Edrich, to celebrate his seven- 
tieth birthday. Mr Raphael 
Djanogly was the host and the 
speakers were Mr Brian John- 
ston, Mr David Frost, Mr 
Dennis Silk , Mr Arthur Morris, 
Mr Rpy Hatteraley. MP, Mr 

Barry Cryer. Mr Hubert Doggan 
and Captain JAJLr Swainson, 

Chartered Association of Certi- 
6ed A ccoun t an ts . 

The 3mnn»i rtinnrr of the Char- 
tered Association of Certified 
Accountants was held last night 
at GutJdhalL Tbe president Mr 
P.T. Hobkinson, p resided. The 
guests included: 

T lit Hfe a Oonwwii Ma Hr fewln, 

MaurtOus an<l me Batuunw. Lord w 
Lady Brace of P wun gh m. Mr Jotw 
Wttatxmi. MP. Sir Lawrence and 
Lady Alivy. SIT Gordo n and 1 
Borne. Lord and Lady Oonam. 
Gordon and Larty Dowpor. -Mr 

HowanL QC. MP. and Howard. 
Sir GoOCray Le Ouam.J| 

Le Quesoe. tarn uoy4 

QC. and Lady 

Str John and Lady Ont and 
Lady MoCMduf. . 

ended < 

Harrow School •.*. 

Term at Barrow School 
on Salnnto- The school 
choral society performed 
“Cannina Bunina" 'in toe 
speech room on . - Saturdayi 
March 15, and "Amadeus” wag 
performed in the speech’ non 
on Match 18 and 19. The Cock 
House Match was won by 
Rendalls (Mr AjC Bishop), who' 

beat Druries (Sir Ahm Outturn) 
by 3 bases to 0. C 

Old Harrovians 
woe entertained at tea on 
March 21 by foe Chairman and 
Committee of the Harrovian 
Association and attended a con- 
cert of songs in tbe speech room. 
Next term begins on. Tuesday, 
April 22. 

Leighton Park 
School, Reading 

The following awards have been 
made for September 1986: 

CMing <8t 



ounr awards Maior - 

EHcfcsoa (Port ReBtsSdKX*. Slufln- 
btfyfc minor . Paul Arman ~ ' 

iool tn Brads). Campbell 

Edward's. Reading}. Tom 

. * .Dolphin School. Hunt, and 

Ljdgtij on Park). Mark Shelvey 
(Crosfleids S ch ooL Rending). 

Korean visitor 

The President of foe Republic of 
Korea, Mr Choh Doo Hwan, 
will visit the United Kingdom 
from April 7 to 10 as Mrs 
Thatcher's guest, it was an- 
nounced .from 10 Downing 


Outstanding works of 

5 "T 


Emeritus Professor Sydney 
Checkland, who (fed <m 
March 22 at the age of 69 after 
a long Alness, was for 25 years 
Professor of Economic Histo- 
ry in tbe University of 
Glasgow. . 

There he created a tbrmai 
new department, serve d on 
num erous academic and pub- 
lic bodies, published half a 
dozen full length books, m- 
duding his remaikatdc family 
biography of the Gladstones, 
and contributed to many 

more. ^ . 

Sydney George QteckJand 
was born in Ottawa in 2916 
and started work as a le dg er 
derfc in the Bank of Nova 
Scotia, studying at night and save enough to go to 
university. _ . 

After a spell as an accoun- 
tant .with a local laundry 

company that was chronically 

illiquid but which be con- 
trived to keep going T?y inge- 
nions devices, he aocuznxdated 
£250 and embarked on a 
B.Gomm course at Binmng- 
ham Unrvcrsrty. He was presi- 
dent successively of the 
National Union of 'Students' 
and tire International Union 

His interests feonsed oa 
tin c e ar e as of study- buaaoa. 
banking and srbzn history * 
and in each he produced 
outstanding woda of scholar, 
stop, indodhs Ms Scottish 
Booking: a History 1695* 
1973 , vAkA won tbe Saftin: 
Socfety prize o 1976. 3m 
before h» death ht 
to complete a work on trie 
pig in family ^4 Tafe of Aria* 
crots and ProeOtmds. 

Hisatta^of the Gladstones, 
entitled The Gladstones, a 
Family Biagraptojr 1764 - 
1351, published wqq 

the Scottish AitsCenmc3 book 
award. Chcckfawf* under- 
sanding of thebgriuenwarid 
of that period enabled hhh to 
make exccBcot sense out of 
raw material that might have 
been us eless in less mai l 
enced hatafa. He fi d w ri 
mach titat 'war .not known 
about the o rigin s of tint 
dhiv^ohs,. am mtorider- 
stood phenomenon. 

’ -W 

i-S * = 

. •! 

> fci 

-V ... 

■•‘S'* - 



On joining the army, be 
won tire beh of honour as' the 
best cadet of . his year at 
Sandhurst He served first m 
the British, then in tbe Cana- 
dian army and was severely 
wounded in Normandy in 
1944. The ioOowmg' year he 
stood onsiiccessfuily for Par- 
liament as a Commonwealth 
Party candidate. 

His academic career lock. 
him from Bir mingham go; 
Liverpool where he spent nine 
years in the. Dep artm ent of 
Economic Science; ihen .ro 
Cambridge^ (bur years as an 

economic hixtori an | anitfirMl - 

ly to Glasgow. There he was 
able to realise his fall poten- 
tial. often enjoying the col- 
laboration of his wife in the 
research he undertook. 

Cbeckfaraltravdkd widely, 
spending 1964 ax Princeton as 
a member of foe iMtimiw far 
■ Advanced Study fed 1971 m 
the ; Austi alianvNatjoaal Um- 
y e ra t y and aMonash. Isihe 
1980s he^ made four jcmxneys 
eo Japan, the task as vzsiing 
professoratKeio Unmssity 

He was a Fellow of the 
British Academy and of the 
Royal Society of E din bu r gh 
and a fotrner Ptes idep t of the 
Ecoaomre History Society. . 

Cheddandhad a wann and 
atbactive peraomd^y, n re- 
feted, good humour, ccsn- 
bined with, wit and degance, 
and a. gift, for pmaanring^ - 
amusingly . and without «£ 
fcnee^ca rtrarfnant cfaimi too 
scrongly urged. 

His many achieveme nt s 
owemuch to a happy family 
life and to the o om ribotiora 
made by his wife^EdithOfive, 
whom he married in 1942. 
Theyhadtwosons andthree 
d augh te rs- v . . 

f. • - 


Makkawi SnSmah Aloat, 
OBE. whose death has been 
reported, was one of the first 
Sudanese members of tire 
Sudan Political Service in tire 
latter days of tire 

ne of the splendid, admin- 
istrators to whom power was 
transferred in the years after 
foe Second World War, he 
rose in the service to become 
the first Sudanese Governorof 
Kordofan Province. .* 

On Sudan’s grinitre inde-' 
'pendente in 1956 he^cecame 1 

Head ofthe Interior 
to becofare JXreao^ of the 
SodattGezka (producer coop- 
erative) Stfoeme, whidh he 
dodhied fens a miQidn to two 
nunkm acres: ". 

Not only a hi^ily able 
aitmiiiig r ariyawi d 3 great patri- 
oL'fie'was also a member oft,' 
tte Ansar sect, : which became 
a steadfast sup po rte r of Brit- 
uhrSudanesiecoopeation dur- 
ing.: the;: .years of the 

nvndntrtrt ii nw - arid r wnaiiK 

-,r- •- 



Miss N. feysson Morrison, 
the novdfe and bregrapfaer, 
died m aXondrmlio^ 
February 27. 

She spent most of her life in 
Glasgow and. her fiction ex- 
pressed her msqire talent for 
painting tire Scottirii scene 
and character. 

Her biograifaies were the 
fruit of a hftMong interest in 
Stuartand Tudor history, tire 
Brontes and the Carlyles. She 
brought a scrupulous scholar- 
ship to bear upoRthis hybrid 
genre, combining a scientific 
concern for truth with an 
artist’s skill in -making the 
truth come alive; ■ - 

. - The Whuiowing Years won 
rtire. first Frederick Niven 
Award for the most outstand- 
ing contribution to the novel 
by a Scot in 1950. The Gowk 
Storm (1933) was made into a 
film, a play and produced on 
the wireless. . . 

The Christian basis of her - 
virion was evident from These - ' 
Are My Friends, a veree 
narrative of the life of Christ 
as told by the twelve apostles. 

Writer and woman, she was 
aft of a piece. What node her a 
fine artist also made her a 
valued friend and she could 
enter readily and with imagi- 
native sympathy into- foe 
problems and joys of others. 

* - VT- 


. . 

- * 

•*) r* 

• ■ 

■'- * Lj. 

t -l *■ 
t j j 

« i V 

»*• ' 

f 1 r* 
^ l 


Mr Justice Farquharson 

Your obituary of Mr Justice 
Skinner described an art- 
standing career. May I add 
some wads on that part of it 
which he himself may have 
regarded as its culmination, 
namely his chairmanship of 
the Judicial Studies Board 
from 1983 to 1985? 

The board's mam fiutetkm 
has been foe holding of semi- 
nars at Roehampton for both 
jrerieoced judges and, sepa- 
rately, for newly appointed 
assistant recorders. 

To instruct .judges on bow 
to conduct .trials is hot an- 
altogefoer sympathetic task 
but Skinner’s good nature, his 
wide experience and has sheer 
jenthustasm convinced every- 

one of the value of the board's 
work. Both the preparation 
and tire running of the semi- 
nars, attended by some 60 
judges,, are gruelling tasks and 
I fear that Skinner’s enthusi- 
asm may have outrun - his f 

He had equal success in his 
conduct of foe- courses for 
assistant recorders. To sit for 

tbe first time as a judge is a 
u for the 

daunting task, even 
most experienced advocate, 
but Skinner gave confidence 
to all who . attended 

He_ was .succeeded in this 
part of the board's work by Mr 
justice Tudor Price, a judge of 
equal imagination and the 
same capacity for hard woric. 
iris a tatter loss that both 
should have died so .suddenly 

For I drwrmliwd no* Id know Ary mint, 

among you. Jmh enrol, and him 

x CMrinuttom ? 3 

KE£LEY - On March j Tin al the Lon- 
don Hosmial to Elizabeth ince Green) 
and Marlin, a son 1 James Martin 
Pal nek) 

£4 a Due + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 Lines) 
Announcements. aulbcnlKaicd b> the 
name and permanent address of ihc 
sender, may be vm 10 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Sirtet 
London El 

or ickphonrd Iby icfephone wlncrib- 
cr, only) lo: 01-481 3024 
Announccmcms can be received by 
ttlcphonc bciween flbm and 
S 30pm Monday (o Friday, on Satur- 
day beiween d.OOam and 12 noon. 
(01-481 4600 Only). For puMica- 
lioo ihc fbllowinft day Dhone hy 
R1ACCS, WEUNNGS. cic on Court 
and Suaal Page £6 a tag + 15% 

Court and Social Page announce- 
ments can no) he accepiedt: by 
irfcphanc. Enamrws id Q14Z2 
9953, or send lo 1 Punqiattai 
Street London El 

macee - Ort 24 March, lo Ced moe 
Ni(H«n) and 6 ean. a daughter, Julia 

NEVU. - On PSth March 1906. In 
Basle. Switzerland, to Dai id and Sa- 
rah i iw Stinson i a daugnler. Eleanor 

SHERLOCK - On March 2«h. al 
Mount Alverala, Guild ford, lo Ra- 
chel inee Granl-Jonesl and John, a 
daughter Belinda ftacnel. a »«er for 

BEALE - On 2Sth March 1986. peace- 
fully Beatrice May (Betty) Beale, 
very dear wife of Ted. much loved 
mother of Trevor, a very loving 
grandmother of Andrew. Philippa. 
Chrtslopher and Nicholas. Funeral 
service 10.45am on Tuesday l* 
April 1986 ai Si PauTsQuirrti. Corn- 
ier Way. HadJeywood. followed by 
private cremation. N'o Bowers please. 
Donations if desired to the Leprosy 
Mission. 50 Portland Place. London 
win 3 DC 

Births, Deaths and In Memonam 

WHFIEMWSE - on 21sl March to 
Claire inee PinsMdi and Andrew, a 
daughter Catherine Julia. 

WILLIAMS - On 19th March to Cherry 
■ nee Wmdrtdgei and Andrew, a son. 
Hugo Thomas. 


BfitT • Suddenly al a daughter's resi- 
dence near Bury St Edmunds, on 
March 24ui 1986. after a tong Illness 
Dome with much courage. Joyce 
Si a union aged 73 yean of AUl 
a'Bhnue St Catherine's ArgylL be- 
loved wife of Alan aod a much loied 
mother and grandmother. Service al 
Norwich City fEariham) crematori- 
um on Tuesday April is a) 2 30pm. 
Family flowers only. No lenerv Do- 
nations tf desired to the Parkinson's 
Disease Society may be sent c. o L 
Fulcher Lid. 80 Whiling Street Bury 
St Edmunds. 

CXAMPTON. Esme Susan. On 26th 
March, dearly bekned sSer of Betty 
and Johnny, and A unite Et to Anne. 
Julie, and Mary (Piei. tn Toronto af- 
ter an Illness borne with great 
courage Private funeral, if desired, 
donations may be sen! to the 
"Unitedly of Toronto - Esme 
Crampton Voice Research Scholar- 
ship fund’. 214 College Sheet 
Toronto. Ontario M5T 229. Canada. 

WMC - On March 23rd 1986. Kath- 
leen. beloved wife of the lace Allan, 
mother of Percy. Sarah and Susan 


BARNES • Mark Albert Plercy. on 
24th March I9w> ai tne Oianng 
Cross Hospital iFumami Hammer- 
smith. beloved brother of Motlie 
Dawc and Uncle of Diana Hill and 
Daphne Alexander, after a snort ill- 
ness. Cremation at Garden Greer, 
crematorium. Wea Hens, at 2.0Cpm 
on Wednesday 2nd Apru Flovxors 
and end Ulrica (o Massey's. 16-18 
Lowland Road. Harrow. Middlesex, 
let. 01 422 1688 . 

BELL - On March 25lh to Serena wife 
of Robert a son- 

OAHIELL. on 26in March at St Luke's 
Guildford, to Annie and Jamie, a 
son. Edward wuuam Seabrooke. a 
brother for Jessica and Susarjnan 

HOWELU - on 2*m March, at Queen 
Charloues HospiUl. to Malahai wee 
Jaildi and Roger, a dai-ghter. Henri- 
Allegra. Khodar« shokr. 

M5IL - On March 24th 1986. In hos- 
pital Sumbat Avki (Sammy), beloved 
father of Jeanette and Alec Alexan- 
der. grandfather of Isabelle. Paul, 
and Yvonne Funeral service at s: 
Peter's Church. CranJey Cardens. 
London SW7. on Thurviay April 3rd 
al 2 30pm. Flowers if desired lo Ken- 
yons. 83 Wesiooume Grave. London 
wz. or donations to League al 
Friends. Si Stephen’s Hospital. 

EHJSTOW - Ellen Ann Brtslow. widow 
of John Waller Brtslow and beloced 
mother of MargareL Gerry. Walter 
and Bernard, peacefully after a short 
Illness, on 20lh March 1986. Mass al 
St. John the Evangelist. Duncan Ter- 
race M. al 10.00 am. 2nd April. 
Flowers To 9 GoUnsdale. Camden 
walk. Nl. 

COLLIER - On March 22. after an acci- 
dent in Australia. Hugn Maim of 
Tregcnweu Charlbury. Malacca and 
Melbourne, brother of Richard of 18 
Moss Lane Bramhall Stockport 
Chesnire Funeral In Melbourne io 
day. Memorial Service In Cheshire 
end of April Dale lo be Announced. 

COVUVGTOH On Sunday 23ra March 
1986. Vlotei in 9lsl year, peacefully 
in the constantly devoted care of the 
Matron and Staff of Freeways Nurs- 
ing Home. Seaford. Service at tee 
Downs Crematorium. Brighton on 
Thursday 3rd April al 3 15pm. 
Enquiry and flowers lo Seaford and 
Newhaven Funeral Service. Tel 
■0325) 893889. 

CURIES William Peter SackvtUe sud- 
denly on Sunday P3rd March 1966. 
Very greatly loved son of Moira Sen- 
net!. brother to David, Julian and the 
late Nicola, beloved of Clare. Crema- 
tion al 11 . 00 am Wednesday 2nd 
April. Putney Vale Crematorium. 
Family flowers only. -* 

DENT - Alan, on March 2«n 1986. 
peacefully al home, ui Ms 87ih yean 
beloved husband of Gussle and fa- 
ther of Jonathan. Margaret. Elent. 
Alan. Dieter and Barbara, adored by 
all his many grandchildren. Funeral 
Service al All Samis. Houghton, on 
Saturday March 29th. at 1 1.30am. 

DWAND - Betty Joan, beloved wife of 
Victor, mother of Angela and An- 
drew. on Tuesday 25th March 1986 
al Middlesex Hospital. Private funer- 
al service ai Pen. Memorial service 
In London to be announced later. No 
flowers, please 

KINK Cl ta - On Tuesday 25th Manx 

ui her lOlst year. Florence H. EL 
KbiKeUn. peacefully tn he- al 
home. Youngest daughter of the late 
Catherine and Albert KinkeUn. A 
very special relative end friend. Fu- 
neral service at SI John The Baptist 
Church. Pftchctttibe. Stroud. 
Gloucester, l.isptn Wednesday 2nd 
April, followed by tTwnsboo at 
Gloucester. Family flowers only, Do- 
nations if desired lo the Friends of 
Gloucester CathedraL c/o PhUlp 
Ford and Son Funeral Directors. 
Dirleton House. Stroud. Gloucester. 

DURWARD - Peacefully al her home in 
Barnstaple OH 2Vd March. Cather- 
ine Ellen, aged 86. beloved wife Of 
Dr Donald Durward 

LOVELL - On 24th March 1986. 
peacefully In hospital. Mariorle Flor- 
ence (nee Nightingale) much loved 
wrfe of Hesbeft W(Wvn Lovefl MBE. 
devoted mother and grandmother. 
Private family funeral service fol- 
lowed by cremation. Do n ations if 
desired lo St Peter’s Church. 
Harbome. Bdndn^iam. BX7G88. 

MARTlNDElL > on March 22nd. 
peacefully Mary, aged 81. beloved of 
Peter and much- loved mother of 
Ann and tyandmother of Toby and 
Bryony. Cremation Putney Vale Cre- 
matorium April 1st at 3.00pm. 
Family flowers only, but if desired, 
donations tn Ueu to Brttfcdi Heart 

HEMWOOD • On March 25. peacefully 
at home after a brief illness. DoroUry 
widow of Edward Henwood. loving 
and dearly loved moteer or Maraaret 
(Peggy i. laie of Torcetio'. Paricstone. 
Oorsel. aged 90. Funeral service ai SI 
John's Church. Marrow, ai 32 noon, 
on Wednesday April 2nd. followed 
by private cremation. Family flowers 
only, but donations if deavod lo tee 
NSPCC. CO Pun ms Funeral Ser- 
vice. Mary Pood. Cuildlord. 

MORRIS On March 22nd 1986. sud- 
denly. George Alfred Thomas, of 
Cranford. Station Road. North 
Ferriby. North Humberside, Adored 
husband of Barbara, much loved fa- 
ther of Stuart and Anna and dear 
grandfather of Thomas. Daniel. 
Emma and Christian. Funeral ser- 
*t tee Chanterlands 
Crematorium. Hull, North Humber- 
skle. Thursday March 27D|. at 12.20 
pm. Family flowers only please but 
donauora tf desired to tee Him 
Branch of tee NS P.C.C-. c/o The 
Midland Bank. HuU. 

BAT - on 22nd March. Dorothy aged 
92 yran. peacefully at The dot*. 
Burnt Abingdon, after a long Hi- 
ness. She was the beloved dautfiter 
of the late Frederick Arthur and Su- 
san May. of Bradley. Cumoor. 
Oxford. Funeral ad The United Re- 
formed Church. Ba nb ur y Road. 
Oxford at 2_OOpcn. on Thursday ?7Ui 
March. Flowers io Reeves & Mo, 
288 Abingdon Road. Oxford. 

MOMTMHC - Very peacefitty’ 'an 
March 20th. Dr. Herbert Patrick 
Montague (Monty) LL CoL ftAfLC.. 
much loved husband of Alice, devot- 
ed father of MMa. father-fawaw of 
tan and adoring ffBndftsher.of Sean. 
Patrick and Stobhan. GraRftd thanks 
to Trinity Hospice. Requtem Mass on 
Wednesday Aprs 2nd at lODOam at 
Sacred Heart Church. EdgehUL Wlm- 
Medon SWi9. Dowers and enaulrlra 
to Ashto ns. 01-946 1051. . ' 

PWtaHEAD - On tee'oott March. 

aged 90. Mar^ratHaimnoii (Malsta). 

widow of Major -General C.D, Moor- 
head C.H- D£.Om M.G, and last 
sarvtvtngchSd of General SB Arthw 

tong K B. EL, CO- CM.G- OSA 
cremation private. - 

MURRAY On Tuesday- 25th March. 

- peacefully In tar strap at 25 St. 
George** Square. W orce ster. Susan 
beloved wife Qf-Rebtn. and much 
loved daugtar of Cww SRdtti of Up- 
ton upon Severn and the tale 
Brigadier TWfimttb and stater of Jo- 
anna. Funeral service al Clones 
Church. Worcester an Tuesday 1st 
Apru at 2-OOp m. followed by bwlai 
al Nonon CtMBTh. Flowers may be 
*e« io E J Gurney and. Son. TO 
Omberster Road. Worcester or 
brougbl to the awHCh. 

BUM - On Sunday 23rd March 
1986, peacefully at Carflff Raya) in-, 
ternary. Dr. Ronald Hugh SuweB 
PBUbps. of 16 Cae Rhedyn. 
Croe ^c efllog. Cwnbran. dearly 
loved husband of Norah. devoted fa- 
ther of Michael. Robert. Peta- and 
Owen. fbOierdD-law of EUxabeDi and 
Sally and grand f ather of HeML Daa- 
M. Katrina. Alistair and RKtianL 
Private cremation. 

— -JH - 26th 

March, at St JuBanVNmtnp >*(*«. 
Wfmbiedosr, after sudden affBctton. 
.steadfastly boms, InnUapy cased 
for by teedoctocsand saffllmand - 
A the NetntdfllGaf Department of 
the.Chmg Grass HoipttaL Funeral 
St Mary's Chorch- Basnee lMOpoi 
. Wednesday Aprd 2nd. Family flow- 

—MA CK - Gerard G. The funeral wffl 
take place at AS Sums Church, 
Nunney. on Ttmdair Apefl 3rd at 
2J0pa L Putty flowararaBy. 
WMUT - On March 20th 1966. 

' peacefully at her home tn B a l ttmore 
after a fang fflnoss bramfcr borne. 
Janetta, elder daughter « the use 
Lord and Lady Rag—, wife ^of. Joe 
and mottM- ot June. 

SKAWA— —C A— M H On Mwtb 
qttb. passed away peacefully in her 
steep, Gwendoline Rhy— mu* 
loved wife of Professor ELM. 
—Canaan. Uotvcrstty of Notting- 
ham. Prtvate funeral has taken 
pace, n o Mien pteaae. 

ST— ALE. Mautca. On March 
23nL peacefully at home, aged 8& 
Lead vfollnist -with the Harry Soy 
Baud. Beloved father, grancteuiier 
m groat grandfathe r and wm he 
derady mined. Private funeral at 
Broadstairs an 4lh April at 2 JKBbl 
' Flowers or-enanMe& toifitackbunw 
of York Street n weC M- - 
VAN GOMT - On Mardt 24th at Tbe 
Nortoteand NrawaftHoHdW.Adotf 
iMtartL agatf 66 years, of The 
Lodge- Sandy Lmw, Lafcntean*. Nor- 
wich; beloved imband of Evudfaa. 
a loved tether and roidMMr. Fo- 
nend se rrtee at St Fate’s 
Cre mato rium on Thursday 27th 
Marthas Bottom. Flowers to Gordon 
Barter Funonl Hone hy 34Qpnt 
p lease. 

■WISH - Oh 23W Marsh, at home. 
Doreen, of Pligrtm’s Way, OMbtottm, 
Avenue, Winchester: before] mmw 

of Franitt; neddte and town * 
much loved gran. FHhntd Servioo In 

W fl aw n - Mecyl fMsry EvelynMnhr 

Macflae) benittfw mnch loved w» 
of BtoTy. daritog mother of Atexan- 
« and dearest twin ststtr of Betty 
Madfemto at tbe Crahwefl IteM- 
taL now at praoe rater a brave JlgbL 
Funeral arranged later. 

" t 

WKANOIAM HAMY • On March 21St 
1986. pcacofutiy. Eteef Maty, be- 
. fores surer of . Cshb Jotat aod 
****** Funeral at Gnwaa Norton 
Church near Townater. on Thun- 
..dsar March 27te at s^Opm. Any 
enoumas to John Ward A Sen. Tel: 
0604 830438. 

.TOUHB. -On March 20te I486 al 
. Taunfovand lonnerfy of Clifton. SI 
?*«*r. Pott Guernsey. May widow 
-of Desmond Young add dearly, loved 
, mother- tf Cynthia and Audny. 


-A Service of TIaab- 
rivtogforteeMfetf Ann LcriMtftep 
wBJx held at tbe Church of tbe ba- 
r 5“ ^ Ctttt pttffoi. FamSraL 
on Itemritey 24th AM at &30tfiL 



ntirwaBJLeriie and Pamela, loving- 
and tfeadtt^ remumbfxed Jv 

MAYES MLASY. Lovingly 'ratra 
bered always and asuclaiiy today, 
her Btrthday. Grarity mtoad hy An. 
Daphne, CeUa. ‘Ernesr. tar nay 
friends and tea grandctdldraa rite 
never knew. ■ 

. 4 . 

Wnetaster -CsmettnL or turatay 
swea to 

Amo «. at 3-OOpni. Ftowera 
John Steel & Sa 

STUteOE - A Sendee tf 
. wabebddterCaawyuStiggeKJ&j 
at S Church. CiaiiiV 

ECS. ou Thusaday April 24th. Jt 
midday. . 


Mi ft - " 

••Vf'.y J' 
J : rv 

f! »-■— -■■V-r-'-' K •: 

f- • 


S '"= 



^ cinema 
;'H a? a big 


Oonaxi Cocpv 


• * ^ 

. « * 

r ^ . 





'^1 ; * Festival Hall 

„ Mahler’s Fourth Symphony 

„i'V\U was onc of the first works 

• A *- „. through which London be- 

. ; -j j: * came aocpfflmTfid with Klaus 
.* * * r Teiui*tedt»t the beginning of 
, . ' ' this decide. Hts perionnances 

r J. ,! . are still growing in intensity: 
;.V. ! 1 Tuesdaynight’s reached fever- 
; ; / V pitch. Tennsiedi has always 

• " ’' quite fearlessly, voraciously 

- even, taken Mahler at his 
■ • r .J \ word, making.ihe score simply 

• \ ■■ - t vibrate with its minutely 
r .V i marked stagp-directionV Ao- 
. . ? .' cents, sforzandi^sudden swells 
-•■ ^ V ' and equally sudden ebbs are 
•t •* . ; ; what make him such a star- 
"1 '■ filing Mahler conductor. 

Three long-drawn notes of 
s anacrusis, and a gasp of 
-. ■ momentary silence was the 
\ - 1< only pause for breath in the 
. • - u . first movement Homs played 
' \ " with the agility of flutes, flutes 
■>\ sounded as steady and reso- 
■' . r ' \ nant as brass, as. each 
: ,. successive climax, was .almost 

• y'y impatiently achieved. ■' 

• • • . There was finle humour 

^abqht the sche rzo . Indeed, 
| there was bandy time to refish 
%’ 1 thesquawkingtftbesotofolk- 

. V-; 1 V fiddle before the harirasse n ed 
- : its rights,-and, before we knew 
•J- ■’ ■* rvdiaf was happening, theme 

- and counier-iheme were "hat- 

- ilingit out for supremacy. The 
r^A'j’a 'slow movement began with 

story written 
in blood 


in''- . 

Jr. - 

■ *-r ' ? V' “Actore.canbe a terrible bare' 
.. at on 8et, althbugjA I Uke having 

: dinner wfth them^saM David 
*<iS /Lean at die beginning ofthe 
v» programme in the trilogy 

^ BrittA'Gnema,.A Penonal 

yiew r whkh was directed and 
^ t presented by Richard Attea- 
; 5 borongh. 

> Ji, The programme was said-. 
....■‘t Ji did A Marrimge of Cotms 

V: a rimtr and set itself the task 

r o£ examining the relationship . 
&eti*ton. the director and the 
-factor in the British cinema. 

it./ hardly, did at all . 
. ' Instead, it examined almost all' 

r S&<*X the otter vital relationships in 
c* the medi«m,particalarly&ose 
f -* between actors koA the big 
/ ; ■-'t > > screen and directors and fifaa 
in ali its f ocnts. ■ _ 

' - ^ / Tbe fwp previous pro-' 
'■ grammes in ftis short series 
‘"-"•i >.-3 were - presented by Alan 
and Lindsay Ander- 
»m. who • reappeared, along 
-• with great and good front . 

r rest. of their profesnon, to 

talk to: Attenborough -about 
' ^iheir^rorlh. This ^-programme 

’ »/ most amiable and 

■t , broadbased bf the trilogy, Ns 

.... -^tstartingiMnnt was daring the , 
> , Second World War, when the ! 

young Attenborough worked i 
" /*■ 1 as4n air-gutoiter/cameraman - 
1 * ft with the RAF film unit at 
t r "^ - Knewoodi I 

■ V‘$v The centred argument whkfr | 
, /^-Attenborodgh aaade was that 
t .‘ / '■ Britisb rinemfl should never ! 

. , /■ ‘ ‘it- have departed fiom the home- j 
'"orientated doc&menta^-inihi- 
f\t .. enced style of that ora, when 
tbewartime audiences rejected 
the gbunorffos escapism of 
~ Hollywood. In pazsning this ! 

‘ /; time there were many enter- 
’ ■ > r: * taining excursions downmeo- 
’^•■Ir' ory lane, and many inspiring 
J= E(f. ristxs into possiMe new terrir ’ 
- • - tory.iritidi.were pointed ont hy 
■ - r 7 David Puttnam, Sohuid Joffe 
£ and Ken Loach. ; . . 

J - ' - s.:; 7 ' There were also many per- j 
L ?/ sonal tfigressious in which ; 

•' rf. Atienboruigh defended .flse i 
■' r-s* record of the lfriti&h F3n 1 
-^T^]/lnsthiite,' pomtod ont that': 
%v ; jwiwM attendances bad in- 
"■ ?: . creased 37 pdr cwt in British 

“ Film Yem, and deptared the 
Press-inflamed belief that 
\ H'ijM British, cmema only began. 

witii Chariots of fin. It was an 
- m tidy, engagfatg programme 

’ - ' ki sores which was aB too 

•- ■'-^-'sbtofe-' r ‘ 

: tteliaBrayfieid 

The Normal Heart . 

Royial Gourt y 

Larry Kramer’s play 'is the first 
study of AIDS from the viewpoint 
of - its homosexual victims to 

theatre. It conveys the terror of- 
belonging to a community stricken 
by a league that .leaves the rest of 
society untouched;, and the para- . 
noia that develops in the fece of 
qEBcial' inertia and the anger-and 
pain that well up even among those 
who escape infection. Whatever 
"else there is to be stud about it. The 
Normal Heart is an important 
public document written in Wood. 

/ That is also where the problems 
start Sheridan Moriey on Tuesday 
profiled Mr Kramer as a screen- 
writer iri to put his muscle into 
campaigning for AIDS sufferers 
when the New York authorities, 
were shutting their eyes to anything 
that might uncover a poisonous, 
worm in the Big Apple. Ned 
Weeks, the play’s hero, embarks on 
a similar campaign. He also sets up 
ah organization called Gay Men’s 
Health Crisis, runs into trouble 
with its committee and leaves, as 
Mr Kramer did. The obvious next 
step for Ned Weeks is to write, a 
play, impugning May or Koch and 
the New York Times far turning a 
blind eye to de mounting fatalities 
and also keeping GMHCs dele- 
gates hanging around in the outer 
offices of City Hall. . 

The play, m other words, is also 
an intensely personal document in - 

which you can observe Mr Kramer 
struggling to find a form to give 
shape and distance to autobiogra- 
phy. It begins as an orthodox 
.campaign drama, along the lines of 
An Enemy of the People, . showing 
an . energetically public-spirited 
hero embarking on an unpopular 
cause. The condition of such a 
story is that the hero will win; but 
that is not the story Mr Kramer has 
to teH And, indeed, N becomes 
increasingly difficult to see Ned as 
a conquering hero when his ap- 
proach is that of a blinkered 
publicist. His idea of vanquishing 
the disease is (o bump up its 
number of column-inches in the 
New York Times. 

■ In the second act Mr Kramer 
finds the nerve to tell his own story 
and remove Ned from his pedestal 
by exposing him as a haranguing 
bully and hopeless negotiator who 
is justly elbowed out by his own 
committee as the price of getting 
some help from the city. From that 
point he subsides into a private 
figure, and — in by far the most 
effective scenes in the play — we 
follow his last days with his dying 
lover (a New York Times reporter 
who was one of the early victims of 
his lashing tongue). 

Felix, the lover, is played by Paul 
Jesson, who shows an amiably 
easygoing man, first struck down 
with panic and then wrecked by 
chemotherapy, tottering into a 
lawyer’s office to bequeath his 
goods' to Ned: bis voice no more 
than, a croak, but still courteous 
and articulate. This really is a 

The final scene: Martin Sheen (left), impressive in sympathetic grief, with Paul Jesson delivering a magnificent piece of acting 

magnificent piece of acting. 

In London, the play could never 
hope to match its local impact in 
New York. But David Hayman’s 
production could surely have done 
more to punch home its documen- 
tary qualities and rising death 
statistics than by confining it to 

Geoff Rose’s black and white box 
papered with unchanging newspa- 
per headlines. Also, it is hard to see 
the supposed bully, obsessed with 
his physical unattractiveness and 
inability to form relationships, in 
Martin Sheen’s performance of 
Ned. All is well in the final scenes 

of sympathetic grief (there were 
tears all round me on Tuesday 
night); otherwise, a character has 
been displaced by a star. 

The surrounding performances 
— with the exception of one 
prolonged and ill-sustained parox- 
ysm from an overworked GMHC 

member — carry the ring of total 
authenticity; as does Frances 
Tomeity as a polio-stricken doctor, 
diagnosing a queue of impending 
fatalities from her wheelchair in a 
state of ever-mounting rage. 

Irving Wardle 








The Berlin c&baret is far too 
much of a dichi for anyone 
these days just to get up and 
perform Brecht songs; a anger 
-has to perform a performance, 
if not p erf or m herself per- 
forming’ a performance. 
Milva, I think, probably 
stands in this further world of 
irony, which allows her to put 
on an outrageous act . and get 
away with it . 

She comes on fin* the first 
half of her redial looking like 
Louise Brooks, and throws 
-.herself into suffering -and sen- 
suous attitudes for a selection 
of songs from The Threepenny 
Opera. Having thus taken on 
all the ghosts of Weimar 
decadence , she is able in the 
second half to relax a bit; but, 
though the outfit may. be less 
insistently period, the perfor- 

the air highly charged. For 
once it really did seem to 
contain moderato, allegro and 
presto within its urgent andan- 
te, just as Mahler had wirfied. 
. . Aricen Auger was unwell, 
and Teresa Cahill and Tenn- 
stedt between them provided 
an over-lusty ^view of Mahler’s 
gingerbread heaven, inevita- 
bly perhaps, considering what 
had gone before. 

The evening was happier in 
its first soloist Jon Kimura 
Parker has just what it takes to 
cany off Liszt’s Second Piano 
Concerto. In its orgy of the- 
matic transformation, Parker 
hid the long-sightedness to 
pace out and bold together its 
dances of death, its salon 
duelling with the cello and its 
military bravado without sac- 
rificing a moment of joy in its 
teeming virtuosity. 

Hilary Finch 


Elizabeth Halt 

Mitsuko Uchida's way with 
the piano concertos of Mozart 
is undeniably alluring. She has 
almost impeccable control 
over the: weight she places 
upon each note, while her 
sense of phrase , and form is 
wonderfully intuitive. For her, 
every moment is there to be 
savoured, sometimes almost 
to a fault, though always it is 
the music she serves; not her 
own indulgence. Snnilarfy her 
delightful improvised embel- 
lishments ~are never manifes- 
tations of exhibiiionisiic 
&ncy. . 

And yet is there not some- 
thing slightly worrying about 
die delicacy, of her playing? 
Mozart, we know, would have 
expected a touch of astringen- 
cy from the instruments upon 
which he performed and,: al- 
though one could not reason- 
ably desire - Miss Uchida to 
lean very far m the direction 
of authenticity, there were 
occasions birth in the innocent 
gaiety of the A major Concer- 
to. K 414, and in the broody C 

man ces are still wildly over 

Every gesture is thoroughly 
rehearsed (Giorgio Strehler is 
acknowledged as director of 
the entertainment), and surely 
nobody could be taken in by 
the hands clasped in an gnishj 
the enormous mouth yelling 
de fiance at fete and the iniqui- 
ties of men, the word “porco” 
breathed as a curse at the sky. 
Milva’s response to the 
inescapability of cliche is quite 
simply to present that cliche as 
flamboyantly as possible. But 
h mjght be easier to enjoy the 
effect if the repertory of vocal 
and dramatic-art woe a little 

Milva’s theatrical tradition 
is that of Italian downing, 
with her mouth and ber hands 
her chief expressive tools; it is 
perhaps only the cabaret -style 
that makes them seem a little 
limited. Her vocal limitations, 
though, are quite plain and. 
however effective her way of 
bawling over kippered vocal 
chords, one soon begins to tire 

minor masterpiece, K491, 
when a little more tang would 
have been welcome. 

The latter work (which inci- 
dentally celebrated its 200th 
birthday just last Monday) 
was, indeed, taken- rather de- 
liberately, and at the opening, 
when the two staccato notes 
that finish the first phrase 
came over as slightly clumsy, I 
was afraid that a rare 
misjudgement bad been made 
on Miss Uchida’s pan. But no; 
just as quite unexpectedly the 
wind detail emerged over the 
largish body of strings, as the 
lonely pairs of oboes and 
horns had not done in K414. 
so the steadiness of this read- 
ing reaped abundant rewards, 
not least in the romantic 
respite ofthe Laighetto, How 
much closer the work seemed 
to Beethoven’s later concertos 
when played like this. 

Here, too, the English 
Chamber Orchestra were 
much more than sympathetic 
partners, as thqy bad to be in a 
piece so rich in its orchestral 
writing. And despite the prob- 
lem of numbers in K4I4 they 
played rhythmically, crisply 
and with astute sense of 
phrasing there too, as did Miss 
Uchida. Earlier the clarity of 
iheir reading, now of course 
one to a part, of Wagner’s 
Siegfried Idyll was quite star- 
tling, though in the context of 
what followed it did seem a 
trifle irrelevant 

Stephen Petdtt 

Allegri Quartet . 

Purcell Room 

This concert — the third in the 
Park Lane Group’s British 
String Quartet Series — was 
attended by 58 people. Given 
such pitifully small audiences, 
it is hard to understand bow 
the PLG feds aide — or indeed 
is able — to continue its 
commitment to programmes 
as substantial and unusual as 
this one. Let us simply be 
thankful that it does. 

It must be soul-destroyingly 

From today throughout Easter (exccpc E«stcr Sunday) 




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Utmbm tfibcBt&h Aj&P* Deafen Xnaoacan 


; 1910 / 

of it in a continuous pro- 
gramme — especially when the 
only alternative is to listen to 
an accompanist of peculiar 

I am sflrry to be disappoint- 
ed by an artist who impressed 

me in Berio’s La vera storia , 
and who has a high reputation 
in Italy. She performs again at 
the Almeida tonight, on Fri- 
day and on Saturday. 

No repugnance, no pity 

who impressed Paul Griffiths 

London debuts 

Scott Kritzer, from San Fran- 
cisco, is a guitarist who needs 
to make further progress. His 
programme revealed sensitive 
responses weakened by inse- 
cure technique and a conse- 
quent lack of adequate 
velocity to achieve the expres- 
sive demands of the repertory 
he had chosen. There is much 
he can do well: the slow 
movements of his Mozart 
Divertimento No 4 were sung 
out in a fine, subdued legate, 
and his Variations on the 
traditional Japanese Sakura 
j proved his sensitivity to the 
guitar's acoustic palette. Wal- 
ton’s Five Bagatelles, though, 
and Bach's Fourth Lute Suite 
both lost their way. 

difficult for such fine players 
as the Allegri Quartet to do 
justice to themselves and to 
music such as this in what 
amounts to an empty halL 
They managed it imp- 

A strong if understandably 
not exceptional performance 
of Frank Bridge's Third String i 
Quartet stood alone in the 
second half and, in retrospect, 
dominated the concert. Bridge 
must bave anticipated the. 
hostility which music like this 1 
would encounter in England's 
green and pleasant land in 
1926. So, secure in the un- 
illusioned knowledge that the 
Third Quartet's disturbed lyri- 
cism, dry-eyed yet intense 
inner anguish, and fabulous 
craftsmanship would largely 
be wasted on his audience, he 
sat down and wrote a master- 
piece of Schoenbeigian pro- 
portions. Nothing to it. 

A similarly honest response 
to personal unhappiness - in 
this case the exile of a Vien- 
nese composer in wartime 
Oxford — was evident in Egon 
Wellesz's Fifth Quartet, whose 
chromatic idiom is strikingly 
close to Bridge's, even if it 
evolved from a quite different 
tradition. The concluding ele- 
giac slow movement is both 
beautiful and moving. 

Also included were Phyllis 
Tate’s Movements for String 
Quartet — attractively written, 
if not too imposingly substan- 
tial — and the First String 
Quartet by the 20-year-ola 
Scotlish-born composer 
Timothy Murray. If this two- 
movement work lacked a dear 
profile (simply too many 
ideas, getting in each other's 
way) there was no doubting its 
fluency. Such inventiveness is 
a nice problem to have, but it 
needs channeling. 

Malcolm Hayes 

Jtaixnoiido Campisi has con- 
siderable confidence and flair 
as a perform en indeed his 
decision to play his piano 
along with bass and drum-kit 
in Gershwin at the end of his 
programme showed his enter- 
prise as an entertainer. But a 
performance ceases to be en- 
tertaining when every piece 
becomes a mere vehide for 
showmanship. In Beethoven’s 
“Moonlight” Sonata and Cho- 
pin's Bolero. Nocturne and 
Polonaise, which formed the 
lightweight first half Campisi 
showed little regard for either 
composer’s idiom. 

Hilary Finch 

Talk of the Devil 

Palace, Watford 

The inheritance of a Catholic 
upbringing in a heathen land 
such as Britain provides a 
useful measure of cultural 
alienation for the aspiring 
writer. In the right hands it 
can also provide a wealth of 
ready subject-matter, in the 
case of this new piece by Mary 
O'Malley, receiving here its 
world premiere, subject-mat- 
ter is pretty much all we get. 

The author's broad purpose 
is to show the gradual break- 
up of a Hammersmith Irish 
family from 1959 to 1981 
With the parents living out 
their own form of purgatory, 
the two children make their 
own choices. The son marries 
the daughter of the rich Prot- 
estant for whom his mother 

used to char, his sister, both 
prim and promiscuous, is 
forced into an abortion, re- 
mains at home and finally 
makes a very late bid for 
freedom by setting up home 
with a Buddhist 

She is also assailed by 
visitations from a small cast of 
unearthly beings: a ringleted 
cockney Devil, an iconic Vir- 
gin Mary, St Mmy Magdalene 
and lastly a pair of saffron- 
clad Buddhists. As a comic 
device, this is introduced far 
too eariy in the proceedings, 
with lan Duty’s Devil encour- 
aging ber to look up rude 
words in the dictionary on the 
eve of her confirmation, and it 
has throughout the unhappy 
effect of muddling the rhetori- 
cal connections and making 
Kate Lock’s character a 

The portrait of beleaguered 
bigotry offered by Annette 

Crosbie’s obtuse snob of a 
mother is uncomfortably 
acute, with her most effective 
lines seemingly drawn from 
life. This tends to set her out 
on her own in contrast with 
the surrounding caricatures. 
T-P. McKenna is an off-the- 
peg intemperate Irish father 
and, remarkably for so experi- 
enced a player, makes a poor 
fist of acting drunk. 

But it is the script itself 
which does not seem to know 
quite where it is going, and 
which has given the director. 
Bill Alexander, such a difficult 

It is hard for anyone to 
observe a Catholic family such 
as this without feeling repug- 
nance for the religion as much 
as pity for its practitioners. 
Miss O'Malley succeeds in 
making us feel neither. 

Martin Cropper 



SUPERB GIST is exquisitely directed by MICHAEL BLMERE0RE 

, MUM iaa 

W h-v ovnfir enffinnr hti IflLJIU 


has exotic settings bv JOHN GUNTER decorated with 
slant-eyed girls of more than usual beauty and grace 

FELICITY KENDAL gives a performance alowyck 
of outstanding delicacy and pathos: theatre 

jbb Barter, o ittegraw 01.8366404 3796233 


Romeo and Joliet 

Wetted by km Bogdanm 

The witters Tale 

•nan hr ferry Hands 

A Midsummer Night's Dream 

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naianea dCBHttana 
Jonatran Price 
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sped* leduauurs tor 




Ottawa undirected by Hand navies 
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Acclaim for the Queen’s new portrait 

Letter from Leipzig 

By David Hewsoa 
Arts Correspondent 

The latest official portrait of 
the Queen was unveiled yes- 
terday to wide acclaim ami the 
expectation that it wOi lead to 
a surge in visitors for the 
National Portrait Gallery 
where it can be seen. 

Royal portraits have a habit 
of giving the gallery record 
attendances. Its Annigoni por- 
trait which went on view in 
1970 and showed the Qneen in 
sombre mood against a dark 
background, provoked wide- 
spread controversy. 

It prompted one visitin' to 
throw a prayer book at the 
canvas. Bat it also gave the 
gallery its highest admission 
ngHres of 700,000 visitors a 

The new portrait seems 
destined to be much less 
contr ove r s ial and was greeted 
by applaose when it was 
unveiled at the entrance to the 

It was painted by tike artist 
Michael Leonard from two 35* 

mhm frx J Mi ii o g afr H npMugham 

Pal ace at which he took more 
than 100 photographs before 
working on his acrylic on 
canvas portrait. 

The work shows the Qneen 
relaxed and smiling, wearing a 
yellow dress of her choke and 
with her arm aroond one of her 
favourite corgis. Spark, aged 
8, chosen, apparently, because 
the dog is one of the best 
behaved in the royal 

Dr John Hayes, the director 
of the gallery, said that it was 
an informal and relaxed por- 
trait which would be a splen- 
did complement to the more 
severe Annigoni 

The work was commis- 
sioned by Reader’s Digest to 
mark die Queen's 60th birth- 
day. It wtil appear on the 
magazine's cover and be re- 
printed for a number of Com- 
monwealth exhibitions. 

The magazine has given h to 
the gallery and it will be 
included in an exhibition of 
portraits, sculptures and stu- 
dio photographs of the Qneen 
to be mounted in November. 
Until then, the portrait will 
remain open for view to all 
visitors free of admission 

The artist, who has worked 
as an illustrator for more than 
20 years, said that his aim was 
a straightforward rather infor- 
mal picture that would tend to 
play down the remoteness of 
the Queen's position. 

;■ .i 

Continued from page 1 
of the MPs on the Liverpool 
inquiry tca m who had been 
excluded by the High Court, 
commented: “They have 
thumbed their noses at the 
British judicial system.” 

But the jubilant Militants, 
backed by a 70-strong crowd 
of suppliers, celebrated the 
leadership's own goal with 
football tenace-style rounds of 
“Here we go”, “victory”, 
“Liverpool” and “12-mil”. 

Mr Hatton, who led his 
comrades out of the headquar- 
ters HniMing while the execu- 
tive sought legal advice os its 
predicament, told his support- 
ers: “We’re in no position now 

to be part and pared of what is 
now dearly a kangaroo court.” 
He accused the 

About a year ago, 1 viated 
this city for the first ti me. The 
East -Gomans bad gran ted 
visas to Western correspon- 
dents because they and die 

ivLSjw* . a- ... " ■ 

"" * . . JT = 

vStoi- '•-* ** •• 

■■ r *V, 

*••• ' 'r-M 

■ e 

The birthday portrait of the Queen was greeted with applause at its unveiling yesterday 

The sittings took place at 
the Palace with the Queen 
sitting on a sgfa lit by daylight ’ 
At Mr Leonard's suggestion, a 
corgi was included in the 
scene, and the dog behaved 
impeccably he added. 

“The portrait is a celebra- 
tion and intended to echo the 
warmth and very special re- 
gard in which Her Majesty is 
held,** he said. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen, accompanied by 
the Duke of Edinburgh attends 
the Maundy Sen-ice. distributes 
the Royal Maundy during the 
service. Chichester Cathedral. 

New exhibitions 
The Second World War. Im- 
perial War Museum. Lambeth 
Rd. SE1; Mon to Sat 10 to 5.50, 
Sun 2 to 5.50 (ends 1988). 

In Tandem. The Painier- 
Scuiptor in the 20th Century; 
Whitechapel An Gallery. 
Whitechapel High St, El: Tues 
to Sun 11 to 5. Wed 3 to 8. 
closed Mon (ends May 25L 
Roderic O'Conor 1860-1940; 
The Whitworth An Gallery. 
Whitworth Park, Manchester; 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,004 


X Batting refe r red to was en- 
couraging (7). 

5 Conceited type, unlike 
Goldsmith’s village parson 

9 Hero, say. meddles with a 
pure woman (9). 

10 Improve weapons to raise 
morale, initially (5). 

11 A number of Cubans taking 
steps to follow leader (5). 

12 In Dorset I upset river bank 
user (9). 

14 Man in charge of military 
aflairs (7,7). 

17 Current assets in busy City 

21 Fixed sharp on a piano (9L 

23 Philosopher be turned on 

24 United about small change, 
1 suppose (5). 

25 Higgins, for example, in the- 
chair (9). 

26 Run round old court at 
speed (7). 

27 Units, as ordered, keep go- 
ing (7). 


1 Effect produced by one law 
MP introduced (6). 

2 Greek islander lakes up Ital- 
ian wine (7). 

3 Inaction’s odd for a conduc- 
tor (9). 

4 Such a fearless person could 
be darned tough (11). 

Mr Michael Randolph, edi- 
tor-in-chief of Reader “s Digest, 
said that the portrait was 
intended to be warm, informal 
but also dignified. It wohM be 
reproduced as a poster to be 
sold in aid of the Royal Jubilee 

Dr Malcolm Rogers, the 
deputy director of the gallery 
who is organizing November's 
royal exhibition, said that the 

new work was quite unlike any 
other portrait of tbe Queen. “It 
is very much in the photo- 
realist school, and most of 
those which will be seen in die 
exhibition will be traditional- 
ist and more romantic.” 
November’s exhibition will 
include Annigoni's acclaimed 
1954 portrait of the Queen 
which. Dr Rogers said, became 
me of the world’s favourite 
images of her early reign. 

M . 




Ky 4> v ■ ' * * 

Michael Leonard, tbe artist 

ofsplitiing the party instead of 
fighting the Conservative 
Government. • 

Mr Terry Fields, the Mili- 
tant-supporting MP for Liver- 
pool Broadfereen, told the 
crowd: “We are confident that 
the qami taken -by our people 
in Liverpool will be vindicat- 
ed by history.” 

Mr Fields then ted the 
crowd in their raised-fist 
renderings of the 
Internationale and the Red 
Flag — while some of the 
accused collected their allowa- 
ble expenses from Labour, 

The party leader said after- 
wards that be had heard a 
Tuesday night rumour that 
there might be a walk-out. “I 
completely dismissed it since 1 
didn't think anyone could be 
so infantile or so stupid.” He 
described die- seven who had 
walked out as “something less 
than magnificent” . - - - 

Leadership sources specu- 
lated that the walk-out had 
been delayed by the initial 
reluctance of Mr- Eric Garke, 
of the National Union of 
Mineworkers, to join Mr 
Heffer, Mr Benn. Mr Dennis 
Skinner, Miss Joan Maynard, 
Miss Jo Richardson — all MPs 
— and Ms Frances Curran of 
the Militanlr d oininafcd La- 
bour Party Young Socialists. 

But Mr Kizmock said that 
while some had deserted their 
duty, others would do their 
duty in fulL 

f_ U55f aTls nau muuGu iamwm- 

for some event, staged near 

to “peace” ■ 

The other day,. Westerners 
were allowed hoe again for 
die twiceyearfy trade fair. In 
the interval I had occasional: 
ly wondered about a woman 
encountered do that first visit 
in the bar of the joylessly 
“prestigious” Hotel Merten*. 

She looked in her forties, 
{dump motherly. It 

seemed tmfiksfy' that she was 
a arostitatei ms jus* because 
of her homely manner, but 
because there was a youth 
sitting next to her who she 
said was ter son. 

She laughed when asked 
whether she bad been |o 
Britain, or France, or any- 
where in the West. “This is a 
prison,” she said. They di d 
not let you out until you were 
old enough for tfaem nbt to 
have to pay you your retire- 
ment pension. Then yon 
could go to five in West 
Germany. ' : 

Otherwise, if you wanted to 
travel, it - was Poland or 
Bulgaria. Even Hib&uy was 
too expensive. They didn’t, 
even let quite senior govern- 
ment people out very often. 
Anyone who was allowed out 
a lot was wen in with the 
regime. - ' 

People like Stevan Heym, 
that famous novelist. But 
wasn't he a stern critic of the 
regime? Of course he wasn't, - 
she replied. She hated .foe 
ones like Stevan Heym. 

We parted. I left fora meal 
with two Americas corre- 
spondents wdl versed in the 
social conventions:. of com- 
munist countries. To my 
account of a poignant meet- 
ing with a. bravely outspoken ; : 
mother and hou se w i fe, their , 
joint . response; to •..essence, 
was: she was a whore, yfooL 

But she had ter son with 

her, I protested, with- an.; ' 
■ , - 
almost Polish reverence for 
tiie mystical - imagery of 
mother and boy. Woo said it - , 
was ter son? Did either of ns 
speak to trim. No. Well, that’s - 

that, foe worldly Afflcncans 


A few months iatei; in a 
similar hotel bar in East 
Berfin, an East Bertmer gave 
an assurance foa foe woman 
wffldd not ffirfy have been a 

police informer as wen Rot' 
she had denounced the re- 
gmse. So do they aS, he said. 

. He proceeded to denounce 
the regime himself Later a 
British diplomat in Berlin 
assured me list the East 
Berimer would undoubtedly 
have been a pimp; and of 
course a. tow-fcvd pohcc- 

• So' the traveller/ ip ihesc 
pelts develops a son of; 
extreme sophasticaiicra. Back 
aitheberoftbe Hotel Motor 

tbe oth er ev eni ng, b maneas- 
men crowded in non all over _ 
the worid. Crowded in with 
item were women from aQ 
over Leipzig. . 

‘Tbey^e not bad here, but 

in Budapest" a Turkish dec- 
tAnucs executive asked me. 
“Er. frnc, fine,” . ! , replied, 
sophisticaicdly- .. Bui . you 
should try then* in Romania, 
be advssed. la the corner of 
my eye appeared my acquain- 
tanoe of fogyear b ri b re. - 

: We did not speak. I got the 
impression that Ihadslippcd 
her nunct and that she had 
had Qttteafowmore conver- 
sation? Wifo k Westerners, in 
the intervening period. - It 
could no longer bederiied: 

my m a t i r m ly nadOB n a-wiih. 

cbild was a harlot. 

The Tnric changed the sub* 
jeer to bribery. What did I 
find worked test when doing 
business in Eastern Europe? 
be inquired He had found 
carious of rigarettes neces- 
sary for even the most minor 

offi cials in Romania - 

3ui fora really big contract 
we were toHtmg about a 
£2J)00 Cartier watch. In Ro- 
, mania' he. had -taken it off his 
w r ist daring talks 'it - the 
mhuf&y and put h in front of 
him, as if he needed to time tore stifl there 
when he left the table. . . 

: Since he was not an East 
Emppean; 1 think thk Turk 
was genuine; v 

Frank Johnson 


Mon to Sat 1 0 to 5. Thurs 10 to 9 
(ends May 10) 

Memory Lanes; Royal on ihe 
Road and History of the Cycle; 
(permanent); Le Mans (on fin- 
four weeks): The Museum of 
British Road Transport, St Ag- 
nes Lane. Hales Street. Cov- 
entry; Mon to Fri 10 to 4, Sal 
and Sun 10 to 5.30. » 

Domesday 900. a journey 
through the late 1 llh century 
England; Great Hall. Win- 
chester Sat to Sun 1 0 to 6 (ends 
Nov 1). 

Exhibitions in progress 
Dolls and Toys Through the 
Ages; Wilton House, Nr Salis- 
bury; Tues to Sat II to 6, Sun 1 
to 6. dosed Mon (permanent). 

Pictures from Woodlands Art 
Gallery Collection; Paintings 
and works on paper by Howard 
Silverman; Woodlands Art Gal- 

5 Old plane in America carry- 
ing 5 ac (3). 

$ Children between March 
and July, for example (5). 

7 Resilient enough to survive 
in broken ice (7). 

8 A remarkable sea upset nun 


13 Arguments between pub- 
licity men and criminals 

15 False, this? Possibly (9). 

16 Renounce, taking a second 
to diminish gradually (5,3). 

18 Drummer to originate rep- 
etition of theme ( 7J. 

19 Female imposing on a city 
in US (7). 

20 Expense, so to speak, in old 
money (6). 

22 Awkward female bird held 
up by it (5). 

25 Fool put on pitch (3). 
Solution to No 17,003 

B ffl m IS E H 15 


PS E) n ff." f? H--S 
i r k * - n cs - n k 
' E I* ' H • rs . 
•aaEi=n[5n • iyeiaHwasi 
ds- c n ■ n m bi o 

rr ; ® ■••B is ■ n-.ffs 
uiBESE. «y3!]!B[3n!t5lf3I10H 
k .eb_h -mm b rs 

th» Tmu. Y Concise crosswonL page 14 

* 1 ™ es Jfflnbo Crossword will be pnUished on Saturday 

lery, 90 Mycenae Rd, SE3; Mon 
to Fri 10 to 7J0, Sat 10 to 6. Sun 
2 to 6. closed Wed (until April 

Brian Eno's video painting 
and sculpture; Riverside Stu- 
dios. Crisp Rd, W6; Tues to 
Thurs 12 to 7.30. Fri and Sat 12 
to 8.30 (ends Apr 20). 


Piano recital by Anna-Marie 
Cigoli; Queen Elizabeth Hall 
SE 1.7.45. 

Piano recital by Richard 
Dee ring; Purcell Room, SE1, 

Three Composers: recital by 
various musicians; Lauderdale 
House. Wateriow Park, Highate 
Hill N6. 8. 

Cello recital by Anner 
Bijlsma, St John's. Smith Sq. 
SW1. 8. 

Concert by the London Sym- 
phony Orchestra and Royal 
Academy Chonis; Barbican 
Centre, EC2, 7.45. 

Concert by the National In- 
dian Orchestra of Trinidad; 
Commonwealth Institute, Ken- 
sington High St, W8, 7.30. 

Concert by the London Ba- 
roque; St George's, Brandon 
Hill. Bristol, 1. 

Piano duet by Peter Noke and 
Helen Krizos: Royal Exchange 
Theatre. Manchester. 1. 

Recital by Kristen Nogues 
(harp) atid Sileas; Third Eye 
Centre. 350 Sauchiehall St, 
Glasgow. 7.30. 

Guitar recital by Guillermo 
Fierens. Trinity Arts Centre. 
Church Rd, Tunbridge Wells, 

Conceit by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra with 
Takashi Shimizu (violin); Festi- 
val Theatre. Paignton. 7.30. 
Talks, lectures, films 

N'.ai the Story qf a !Kung 
Woman (film); Museum of 
Mankind. 6 Burlington Gar- 
dens. Wi, 1.30 and 3. 

Spiders, Allies and Others, by 
Matthew Robertson; Main 
Meeting Room. London Zoo, 
Regent's Park. 12. 

William Morris News from 
Nowhere (film). 1 1 : The 
Resurrection in medieval 
manuscripts, by Penelope Wal- 
lis. 12; Siminar Room. The 
British Library, Great Russell 
St, WC2. 12. 

Summer visitors to Britain, 
by Joyce Pope: Natural History 

Again towards Damascus, by 
Richard Hamilton; Liverpool 
Parish Church, Pier Head, 1.05. 

Family histories, by Alan 
Neame: Lonsdale Court Hotel, 
Cliftonvflle, Kent, 2.45. 

Funfair Alexandra Park. 
Wood Green, N22; today 6 to 
10. tomorrow. Sat and Sun 2 to 
10. Mon 12 to 10, Tues 12 to 6 

(ends April I). 

1986 Camden Festival; for 
details telephone: 01-388 1394. 

Daily Mail Ideal Home Ex- 
hibition; Earls Court Exhibition 
Centre. Warwick Rd, SW5, 
today until Monday 10 to 8 
(ends March 3D. 

Ferry re-opened 

The Sheppenon-Wey bridge 
ferry will be re-opened tomor- 
row at 1 2.45 pm after an interval 
of 26 years. The pupose of the 
ferry is to restore the 'Royal 
Walk*, a 20 mile route along the 
lowpath between Windsor Cas- 
tle and Hampton Court. 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Easter 
adjournment debates. 

Books — paperback 

The Literary Editor's selection of interesting books publshed this weak 

Foreign Affaire, and other stories, by Sean O’Faolain (Penguin, £4.95) 
Money, a suicide note, by Martin Amis (Penguin, £235) 

Scunfcior. by WBttam Wharton (Penguin. E3J95) 

Th® Fa* of Kefvin WaOcer, by Alasdair Gray (Perauki, £2^5) 

The GoM Bat and other school stories, by P.G. Wodehouse (Penguin,- 


B jopn a farey, by Quentin Bell (WeMenfeld & Nicoison, £4^5) 

Pra tta n isa i and Revolution, by Christopher Hfll (Peregrine. £A95) 

Tim Fearful Void, by Geoffrey Moorhouse (Penguin, £3.95) 

The Raw and flm Cookad, by Claude LM-Strauss, mneteed by John and 
Doreen Weightman (Perewine. £5.95) 

Through the Ca ri bb oan . England hi the West Indies. I960, by Alan Ross 
(PBvUon, £555) 




A trough of low pressure 
will move slowly across N 
Scotland. . 

6 am to nudnlght 

t 5531 5 , iffy ij 


Births: Alfred de Vmiy, poet, 
Locfacr, France, 1797; Baron 
Georges-Eager Haossmann. 
who replanned Paris, Paris. 
1809; Wilhelm Conrad von 
Rtatgen. physicist, discoverer 
of X-rays, Nobel laureate 1901, 
Lennep, Germany, 1845; 
Heinrich Mann, novelist, Lu- 
beck, Germany. 1871. 

Deaths: James VI of Scotland 
(from 1567) and James 1 of 
Great Britain (1603-25), 
Theobalds, Hertfordshire. 1625; 
Giovanni Tiepolo, painter, Ma- 
drid, 1770; Sir George Gilbert 
Scott architect (Albert Me- 
morial, St Pancras Hotel), Lon- 
don, 1878; John Bright 
politician, Rochdale, Lan- ■ 
cashire. 1889; Arnold Bennett. 
London, 1931; Michael Joseph 
Savage, Prime Minister of New 
Zealand, 1935-40, Wellington, 
New Zealand, 1940. 

Today is Maundy Thursday 
commemorating the Last Sup- 

Travel news 

The pound 

13 3 
4 JO 
3.11 53 

'I '.'J iff- 1 ?! 


Rates lor snaa dsnonmaoon bank notes ^ _ . . 

only as supfAxt by Baittaye Sank PLC. TOWer Bridge 

Retro Mre iadax; 391.1 — 

London; The ft indw dreed ua 15.7 at Tower Bndge will be raised 

today at approximately 3pm. 

Snow reports 



L U 


Sokteu 90 200 

New snow on hard base 

Kitzbuhel 35 180 

Superb skiing everywhere 

Flarns 96 2S7 

Good powder siding 
Les Arcs 100 190 

New snow on good base 
C Montana 100 180 

Powder on good base 
Saas-Fee 100 300 

New snow, good skiing 
Verbier 45 245 

Powder on hard base 
Wengen 30 110 

Good sWIng 

Zermatt 95 195 

ttlhe above reports, supplied t 
Britain, L refers to lower slopes 

Conditions Weather 

Off Runs to (5pm) 
Piste Pbte resort - °i 

good powder good fine 

good powder good cloud ^ 

good powder good cloud 

good powder good fine - 

good powder good fine 

good spring good sun 

good powder good fine 

good powder for fine 

good powder fair fine 

representatives of the Ski Club of Great 
ino U to upper, and art to artificial. 

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s 13 56 
s -5 23 
a - -4 SB 
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THE ’ggSig' TIMES 





FT 30 Share 
1380.4 (+15.57) 
FT-SE 100 
1653.9 (+20.1) . 

USM (patastreaiT 
117.19 (+0.38) 



1,4742 (+0.0122) 

W German marie 
3.4328 (+0:0161) 

76.0 (+0.6) 

Oil payout 

Tricentrol yesterda y cut its 
final dividend for the year to 
last December 31 '.by & to a 
token lp. Combined with the 
interim payment of 4p, the 
total payment was half that fbr 
1984. At the time of the 
convertible rights issue in 
February 1985, the board said 
it intended to. maintain the 
dividend, assuming there woe 
no unforeseen circumstances. 

like company said, it had 
taken into consideration un- 
certainty about the level to 
- which the oil price had sunk 
and the tength'of time it might 
remain there. 

Pretax profit fell by 33 per 
cent from £39.3 million to 
£263 7 million on turnover 
down 16 per cent at £100.6 
mOfion. 7 

BAT lower 

BAT Industries* . pretax 
profits fell by 17 per cent to 
£1,168 million in 1985; Earn- 
ings per share are 14 per cent 
lower at 45.78p, bat the 
dividend is being increased by 
17 percent to 12. lp. . 

Tempos, page 23 

Woolworth up 

Wpohwjrth Holdings made 
pretax profits of £8L3 million 
in the year to February L a rise 
of 43 per cent Retail profits 
were 72 per cent higher at 
£64:9 mflfion. A total divi- 
deudoflOp against 7.75p was 
dedared. Tempos, page 23 

Leisure win 

-The Court of Appeal has 
upheld a ruling in nybnr of 
Leisure Investments^ which 
won a court' case against 
Pteasmama in 1984 over the 
convecskm of a shopping she 
fo Oxford Street, London. -- 

Bay threat 

Executives at Mazda Motor, 
Japan’s third largest car mak- 
er, face pay cats of about 15 
per cent because of felling 
profits, the company said. 

Glynwed buy 

GUynwed International is to 
jay Ans$18 miffion (£8.73 
million) in cash for Phflmac 
Proprietary, an Australian 
manufectnrer of pipe fittings 
and valves. 

Lee issue 

Lee International is seeking 
a listing on the Stock Ex- 

^ tuel Montagu and; 

Co, the m erchant bank, is 
offering 16,66 million ordi- 
nary shares for sale at 180p 
apiece. Wood Mackenzie and 
Co is the broker to the issue. 

Office plan 

The Ctawn Estate Commis- 
sioners and Chesterfield Prop- 
erties have agreed to withdraw 
proposals fbr the development 
of a - hotel at Buckingham 
Gate, London. The »te will 
now be developed by Chester- 
field as a 160,000 sq ft office 
and residential scheme. 


Peter Reed (Textiles), the 
Lancashire bed hnen manu-i 
fseturer, will ooutimie to trade 
through normal retail outlets 
and sot sell direct to the 
public as stared in some 
editions on March 22. 


Oil price slump 
trade back into 

By David Smith, 
Economic Correspondent 

Britain’s visible trade re- 
turned to deficit last month, 
after an abnormal surplus in 
January. The overall balance 
of payments also deteriorated, 
with a current account surplus 
last month of £262 minion, 
compared with £1.14 billion 

in January. 

There is evidence that lower 
oil prices are starting to affect 
Britain’s trade position. The 
surplus on ofl trade; which . 
reached a record of £99 7 
million, in January as oil 
companies rushed to run 
down stocks as prices fell, 
dropped to £685 million last 

Oil exports remained strong 
in volume terms.- But lower 
prices produced a sharp fell in 
tire value of Britain’s ofl 




sharp fell in the oil 
surplus was reflected in a shift 
into deficit on visible- trade. 
overalL There was a trade, 
deficit of £338 milli on last 
month, compared with a sur- 
plus of £140 minion in 
January. ' 

The trade figures had little 
effect on the foreign ex- 
changes, where the main fac- 
tor was profit-taking on the 
dollar. The pound rose by 1.25 
cents to Si .4742. and gamed a 
pfennig to DM3.4322 against 
the mark. The sterling index 
rose 0.6 points to 76.0. 

On the stock market, trad- 
ers decided that the sharp falls 
in response to the break-up of 
the Organization of Petroleum 

Exporting Countries meeting 
on Monday, were: overdone. 
Tbe Financial Times 30-share 
index rose 15.7 points to dose 
at 1380.4, after Tuesday’s 
record fall 

Exports dropped by £70 
million to £6.255 billion last 
month, but imports rose by 
£400 million to £6.524 billion. 
There is evidence that imports 
are being boosted by a rush in 
purchases of capital equip- 

ment, to take advantage of tbe 
present capital allowances, 
which expire at the end of the 
financial year. 

There was a manufacturing 
trade deficit of £382 million 
last month, after a £266 
million deficit in January. 
However, exports of manufac- 
tures did rise between January 
and February, by £291 

In the latest three months, 
the volume of exports was up 
I per cent, and the volume 
imports fell by 1.5 per cent. 
The estimated monthly sur- 
us on invisible trade is now 
million, compared with 
£400 million a month last 
rear. This is mainl y due to 
Britain's abatement on 1985 
EEC budget contributions, 
which is being received in 
monthly instalments. 

• Lloyds Bank yesterday 
followed the other three big 
dealing banks in cutting its 
mortgage rate. The Uoyds rate 
on both repayment and en- 
dowment mortgages fells by 1 
percentage point to 12 per 
cent, applicable immediately 
for new borrowers and from 
May 1 for existing borrowers. 

^Britannia logjam may 
soon be broken 

The uncertainty overhanging the 
future of Britannia Arrow, the fund 

Storm as panel orders ban 
on takeover advertising 

- By Jeremy Warner, Bnsmess Correspondent 

The City’s Takeover Panel 
last night found itself at the 
centre of a growing storm of 
protest from the advertising 
and newspaper industries after 
attempting to ban the use of 
takeover battle advertising. 

The Panel .said it had be- 
come concerned about the use 
of takeover advertising which 
it said often attempted to 
“denigrate” the opposition or 
indulged in the selective use of 
statistics to create a miskad- 
l impression. 

Companies involved in a 
takeover battle were required 
to ensure that their advertise- 
ments Complied with the high- 
est standards, -of care and 

accuracy. But this responsibil- 
ity had fallen by the way side 
during the current wave of 
heated takeover activity in the 
City, the Panel said. 

Advertisements connected 
with takeovers would be se- 
verely restricted with tbe ef- 
fect that takeover 
advertisements of the type 
that have filled the pages of 
the national press over the last 
year will not be allowed in 

The statement drew an im- 
mediate protest from the ad- 
vertising industry some of 
whose members challenged 
the Rand’s right to make the 

The Institute of Practitio- 
ners and Advertisers called the 
statement “banal” while the 
Advertising Association said 
that the Panel should not be 
meddling in an area that was 
the res^onsability of the Ad- 
vertising Standards Authority. 

Imperial Group, the tobac- 
co and brewing combine 
which has been using advertis- 
ing; extensively in its cam- 
paign to fight off a hostile £2.5 
billion takeover bid from 
Hanson Trust, said it had been 
advised that the ruling was in 
direct contravention of EEC 
regulations allowing freedom 
of expression and 

hopeful on 
job rises 

By Jeremy Warner 

Business Correspondent 

Employers are more confi- 
dent than this time last year 
about job prospects, but as 
many manufacturers expect to 
cut back on their workforce as 
plan increases. 

These are tbe main findings 
ofa survey on job prospects by 
Manpower Ltd, the temporary 
staff specialists. Slightly more 
employers than in the last 
spring quarter plan to increase 
their staff and fewer expect 
staff cuts. 

But the survey sounds a 
earning that the upturn is 
small, largely reflecting 
recruitment in the public sec- 
tor and a seasonal upswing 
inseryice industry. 

Manufacturers reported no 
improvement, for the fifth 
successive quarter, and as 
many expected to cut back on 
their workforce as planned 

“We will need to see a more 
significant improvement in 
confidence among manufac- 
turing employers in particular, 
before the present modest 
upturn can be said to herald a 
trend,” Manpower said. 

More than one in four 
employers forecast a staff 
increase in the next three 
months, which is well up on 
the seasonally depressed first 
quarter when only a fifth of 
employers did. 

Staff cuts were foreseen by 
few er than 8 per cent of the 
1,588 large employers 



178S.75 (+11-25) 


Dow Jones 

255 Dow 1505922 (+23205). 

: Geo 26l-3{ 

: AO 1125J5(‘ 

. 20602 C+12JD 

468.05 (+17.01 



Parte GAC _ 

SKA General 


. 509.40 (same) 


SSStek *■ 


New Voric — 

Come* $344.70-34520 



Turner and NewaS 
Mere Fbcus 

B Matthews. 

■ 215p 
. 700p 




?:r 5 


Combined EngBsh — . 243p 

Bat bid- 





Lowe Howard 
Standard Chart 
Stock Conv 

Metal Closure 



£: $1.4742 
£: DM3.4328 
£ Swfr2JJ814 
£: FFr10.5593 
£: Y«n265.10 
fc indncTED 

New Yoric 

£: Si .4742 
£ DM23290 
£ Index: 119-5 

ECO 0X632168 
SDR 20.778003 



Bank Base 

3-mon6) totafbank TIJ+11%% 
3-month efigfcto faBsllfe-IIK 

' rata 

Prime Rata 9% . 

StVyear fiends 116 s *- 116 % 

Aircraft sales save 
Horizon from loss 

By Derek Harris, Indnstrial Editor 

Horizon Travel, Britain’s 
third largest package holiday 
operator, pushed its pretax 
profits up by 15 per cent to 
£14.46 million for the year to 
the end of last November — 
but only aircraft sales and 
currency gains allowed it do 

Without than, it would 
have fallen to a £2 million 
pretax loss as turnover 
dropped by a tenth to £135.7 

Horizon raised £13.6 mil- 
lion from the sale of two 
aircraft. It has also been re- 
equipping and now owns five 
aircraft with four others 

The total dividend is un- 
changed at 4.4p a share. 

Horizon was bit last year by 
price competition and dis- 
counting in the wake of the 
miners' strike, bringing a 
“substantial” decline in 
Horizon’s carryings. 

Horizon has matched 
Thomson Holidays, the mar- 
ket leader, which slashed its 
prices by a fifth ready for the 
coming summer, and has 
gained trade volume as a 
result, with this winter’s book- 
ings up by a quarter so far and 
those for next summer at 
350,000, double last year’s 
figures at the same period. 
More than 70 per cent of 
Horizon's 1986 summer ca- 
pacity of more than 500.000 
has so far been sold. 

But Mr Bruce Tanner, 
Horizon’s chairman, admits 
that the volume gains, proba- 
bly taken from smaller tour 
operators, are at the expense 
of margins. 

Horizon’s Orion fleet of 
nine aircraft is likely to be 
operating this summer with 
the highest load factors fbr 
some time, said Mr Tanner. 
Rather more than 70 per cent 
of seal capacity is taken 

Rank refused appeal 

By Oar City Staff 
The Rank Organisation has 

been refused the right to 
appeal to the House of Lords 
in its attempt to overturn the 
Independent Broadcasting 
Authority’s veto of its bid for 
Granada Group. 

Rank withdrew its £750 
million bid fbr Granada a 
week ago, because the cost of 
sndenvriting had risen to 
more than £8 million and the 

lad was stuck in the courts. 
Rank obtained leave from the 
Takeover Panel to re-bid with- 
in 21 days if the IBA's 
objections could be overcome. 

All legal remedies are now 
dead and Rank is looking at a 
number of alternatives to try 
and revive its bid. Rank has 
an 8 per cent stake in Grana- 
da, bought at a cast of about 
£58 milfion. 

Bill to 
gas under 

By David Yoons Energy 

Tbe Government's draft 
Bin to privatize British Gas, 
which has moved from the 
Commons to the Lords after 
its third reading, has been 
attacked by the man who 
heads Britain's electricity sup- 
ply industry, the main com- 
petitor in the industrial and 
domestic sectors. 

Mr Philip Jones, the chair- 
man of the Electricity Council, 
said yesterday that the draft 
Bin left “much to be desired 
and could result in our indus- 
try being placed at a comped- 1 
five disadvantage.” 

Mr Jones, wno steered the 
industry through the year-long 
miners' strike and who fought 
off Government attempts to 
raise electridty prices by more 
than the rate of inflation, was 
speaking in Bournemouth, 
Dorset, at the annual confer- 
ence of the Electrical Power, 
Engineers Association. 

He regretted that tbe elec- 
tricity industry had failed to 
convince the public of the 
economic advantage of nucle- 
ar power and the nudear 
industt/s safety record. 

He said that in tbe second 
decade of the next century 
nudear power would be need- 
ed in quantity as better use is 
made ofhydrocaibon fuels, ofl 
and coal. 

Nudear plant, Mr Jones 
said, accounted for about 17 
percent ofBritain’s generating 
capacity and this was likely to 
go up to about 30 per cent by 
the end of the century. 

He said: “Compare our 
record with that of other 
European countries: France — 
already over 65 per cent of| 
their generation from nudear 
power and likely to go up to 85 
per cent in the year 2000. 
Belgium , already over 60 per 
cent and Switzerland, 40 per 

“It gives me no pleasure to 
buy nuclear electricity from 
France, because it is about 25 
per cent cheaper than we can 
produce here. I would prefer 
to produce cheap electricity in 
this country." 

Mr Jones said it was impor- 
tant that the National Coal 
Board offered supplies to the 
power industry at prices close 
to those prevailing in the 
world market. Coal costs 
amount to 35 to 40 per cent of 
electricity costs to customers. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

City bodies outline rules to 
curb unsolicited calls 

"Strict rules to curtail the 
sale of investments through 
unsolicited calls on the general 
public were pot forward by the 
planned new City regulatory 
authorities yester day. 

The draft regulations from 
the Securities aod Investments 
Board and the Marketing of 
Investments Board 

r gai+rino Committee would 
significantly restrict the prac- 
tice of so-called “coJd-caUiBg” 
in situations where there is not 
also a cooling-off period dur- 
g which investors could can- 
ithe agreement 
The rules cover telephone 
calls, clipboard selling under 
die guise iff market research 
on. foe streets, and doorstep 

It is proposed that msolidt- 
ed calls on the general public 
— apart from professional and 
business investors — wBI be 
banned unless the investor 
has, hi writing, authorized 

This means stockhrokisg 

By Teresa Poole 

companies will have to get 
written permission from regu- 
lar cheats who want to be 
informed of market opportuni- 
ties. In particular, csM-catlasg 
will not be allowed on small 
shareholders of companies in- 
volved in takeover battles or 
os members of the public m 
relatiou to commodity futures. 

In the case of life assurance, 
salesmen win he permitted to 
cold-call bed there will be 
improved cancellation rights 
for customers. Similar provi- 
sions will apply to the unit 
Oust market where unsolicited 
calls are not at present 

Cancellation rales wQi be 
extended to cover all life 
assurance contracts and the 
cooling-off period will be in- 
creased from 10 to 14 days. 
Detailed information on 
charges and benefits, canceffa- 
thm procedures and commis- 
sions payable will have to be 
disclosed in the cooling-off 


Because of the wide variety 
of circumstances in which an 
unsolicited call may lead to a 
contract, the cancellation rules 
will apply to all unit trust and 
life assurance deals and not 
jast those resulting from cold- 

Under the Financial Ser- 
vices BBL, which this week 
completed its passage through 
the Commons Select Commit- 
tee, investment agreements 
foHowing an unsolicited call 
which are not permitted by the 
regulations will not be enforce- 
able against the investor. 

Our Financial Correspon- 
dent writes: 

Mr Michael Howard, the 
Consumer Affairs Minister, 
said yesterday that the Gov- 
ernment would probably tty to 
restore to the Financial Ser- 
vices Bill the power of the 
Secretary of State to transfer 
all or part of Us powers to any 
designated agency which met 
the necessary criteria. 

management and banking group, 
looks as if it is at last coming to an 
end. Yesterday, Guinness Peat dis- 
posed of the rest of its ordinary shares 
in the company, after the failure of its 
takeover attempt, which gave the 
combination of Robert Maxwell and 
Montagu Investment Management 
the opportunity of increasing its 
Britannia stake to 29 per cent Mr 
Maxwell and MIM can hardly go 
further without making a bid of their 
own — unless the next move comes 
from Britannia itself. 

Guinness Peat's motives are 
straight forward enough. The sale at 
about I50p a share gives the com- 
pany a net profit on its Britannia 
investment of more than 40p a share 
— a total of about £15 million after 
dealing costs. The motives of Mr 
Maxwell and MIM’s chairman, Da- 
vid Stevens, have so far been less 
obvious but are becoming clearer. 

Guinness Peat's bid for Britannia 
failed just after the New Year, partly 
because the offer was not overly 
generous and partly because the 
Britannia shareholders were given 
the assurance that Mr Stevens would 
take a place on the Britannia board. 
This has so for not happened, 
somewhat to the ' chagrin of the 
shareholders who hoped that Mr 
Stevens would add some managerial 
dynamism to the company. One 
reason for this failure appears to have 
been opposition from board mem- 
bers who feared the arrival of a 
powerful new member. But the board 
also became preoccupied with a 
discrete new bid from Royal Insur- 
ance which they felt bound to 
consider having rejected Guinness 

This has led to a damaging hiatus 
when several key Britannia people 
left including Norman Riddel, 
managing director of investment. 
Recently the Royal bid appears to 
have has lapsed as the Britannia 
board felt it was not generous enough. 
That has again left foe door open for 
Mr Maxwell and Mr Stevens. 

The likelihood that Mr Maxwell, 
who holds foe larger stake, is plan- 
ning a bid of his own looks remote. 
Tbe real aim is to link MIM and 
Britannia, almost certainly through a 
bid by Britannia. That means secur- 
ing foe agreement of Aetna, the US 
insurance company which owns 
MIM — and offered foe right price. 
Aetna may not now object The US 
company is far from enamoured of its 
fund management subsidiary which 
resents being tied to such a large 
foreign parent Aetna has in any case 
hedged its bets by buying Tyndall, 
another fund management company. 

The chief stumbling block may be 
how Mr Stevens and Mr Geoffrey 
Rippon. chairman of Britannia, share 
responsibilities once foe two fund 
management comapnies combine. 
Tlie solution may be for Mr Stevens 
to take a back seat remaining in 
charge of MIM, until Mr Rippon 
retires. Whatever the details of the 
arrangement turn out to be, a link 
between Britannia and MIM should 
mean the spinning off of Singer & 
Freidlander, the merchant banking 
subsidiary of Britannia, whose po- 
sition would look even more 
anomolous in the enlarged invest- 
ment management group. 

If Britannia is not to be further 
damaged by the uncertainties over its 
future, a move to break foe log-jam 
must come soon. 

Britannic Assurance 





Life Branches 



Total Premium Income 



Total Surplus for Policyholders 



General Branch 

Total Premium Income 



Underwriting (Loss) 



Investment Income 



Profit (Loss) after Tax 



Transfer from Claims Equalisation Reserve 



Profit and Loss Account 

Transfer from life branches and Unit linked 



Transfer (to) from general branch 



Total Surplus for foe year, including other net income 



Net Dividend for the year for stockholders 


25. 5p 


Ordinary Branch 
Reversionary Bonuses 
Ordinary Policies Annuities 

A scale from A scale from 

£5.50% to £7.50% £6. 75% to £9. 75% 

(198+£5.50%to£7.50%) (1984-£6.65%ro£8.65%) 
of sum assured of annuity 


increased scale 
of terminal bonuses 

Industrial Branch 

A scale from 
£4.50% to £6.10% 
(1984-£4.40% to £6.00%) 
of sum assured 


special reversionary bonus 
and increased scale 
of terminal bonuses 

Britannic Assurance Covers the Country 


T> ixivwitse yrtur cur in ihe Times Chssiried. Ol in w>ur advenwemeni 
in ihe space hekw,. ( Lungu messes cun he atiuched sqvnuidy i. 

Rales are.' WJW per line luppreuimaidy f»«r words, minimum ihree 
lines i nil Ml per full drspJav. Plus !>*<• VAT. 

Oieques hi he nude payable hi Times Newspapers Lid. Should jou wish 
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Send to Shirfey Margofe. Groan Classified Advertisement Manager. 
Times Newspapers ud, Adrertseoenr Department, P.O. Box 484. 
Virginia Street. London El 9DD- 

AJwniwmeni : , 



Qaylhik* Tele phi me: 

l Asswil 

, (Bondiijxajrdl. 






New York (Renter) - The Volume slowed to the seo c 
stock market closed lower on oad lightest of the month, with 
Tuesday as a later finny of institations quietly b egi n t ring 
selling undermined a rally to take profits ahead of the end 
attempt. The market failed to of the first quarter on March 
rally on lower Interest rates 31. , ' 

and pressure on oil futures Advancing issues ted decfin- 
eased. undermining back- ing shares by a 10*7 margin on 
ground support. Touuae ®f 140.4 million 

The Dow Jones industrial shares, 
average, which was down 6.11 Eastern Airlines led the. 




Sterling lost ground against 
a strong dollar yesterday, hut 
remained firm in terms of 
Continental currencies. It 
dosed 280 points lower at 



and m* 9W M USS 

QW JuM onmOCowoort 




Uooffldf pri cy . 

pries to CtwroNHctooMi 

.mtfoffwaer* Co. Ltd. raped 



■■; ?f. 

*■■ >-■ 

- * :••, 



» '» 

- ***■ 







■ Share prices staged a strong 
recovery yesterday after the 
negr -50 p oim drop of the past 
two sessions. The -continued 
strength- of sterling in spite of 
oil price uncertainties and the 
hostilities in the Middle Fay* 
— plus an encouraging survey 
from the Confederation of 
British Industry — hart share 
prices rebounding as soon as 
the market opened. 

After pausing during mid- 
session, ■ shares continued 
climbing, to close ax the best 
levels of the day. The FT-30 
index rose by 15.7 points to 
1380.4, while the FT-SE 100 
climbed by 20.1' points to 
J 653.9. - 

' .Another constant stream of 
mainly favourable - trading 
statements helped to sn«ai n 
yesterday’s change of stood. 
There was also evidence . of 
selective new-time interest for 
the next account, which begins 
after the Easter break. The 
firm pound helped to revive 
those flagging hopes of anoth- 
er cut in interest raxes. 

Government securities re- 
covered . almost all of 
Tuesday’s losses of 1 % points 
and stores were among the 
most heavily traded sectors. 
Banks bounced back by ISp 

pound aids partial 
in share prices 

to 25p, with Standard 
tiered up 20p to 567p 

further reaction to Tuesday's 
results. Prudential gained an- 
other 20p to 9l2p after com- 
ments on Tuesday's figures 
and Britannic ariffrd jQp to 
904p following itsstatemenL 

Among the many compa- 
nies reporting, soared 

38pto6Slp in response to the 
more-than-doubled interim 
profits — well above market 
estimates. BAT Industries 
turned in the expected £1.16 
billion profits, . but dealers 
were cheered - by a slight 
increase -in the dividend and 
an encouraging analysts' 
meeting afterwards. The 
shares dosed 15p -higher at 

Others to respond well to 
higher earnings were BICC 
33Sp, Bridon 163p, Horizon 
Travel I25p, Bernard Mat- 
thews 700p, Lowe Howard 
418pandSt*gFuniitwe 118p 
—all between 5p and 30p 

.. Also outstanding was Trade 
Indemnity, ho less than 95p 
higher at_525p on the 200 per 
cent scrip issue proposals. 
Fisous surged 34p to 575p, 
following a new drug presenta- 
tion at a meeting of analysts. 

Wellcome at 225 p, up 
13p^ose in sympathy also, 
stimulated by the anticipation 
of US buying interest Toner 

and NewaB rallied 12pto21!p 
after recent results and Tar- 
mac put on 4p to 478p on news 
of the Thermal ite acquisition 

In engineers, disappointing 
profits knocked 1 7p from 
Babcock at l96p. but Birxnid 
hardened 2%p to 128p in front 
of today's annual meeting. 

Buoyant .stores featured 
Combined English, 22p higher 
at 243p, excited by vague talk 
of a bid from Gns, 30p to the 
good at 964p. 

In contrast Woobrorth 
slipped lOp to 61 3p in spite of 
profits slightly better than 
expected. Imperial Group add- 
ed 3p to 34Sp as Hanson Trust 
attended its bid and an- 
nounced over 28 per cent 

Oils made a brighter show- 
ing. with rises extending to 
!3p, but Tricentroi tumbled 
!4p to 71p after sharply lower 
profits and a cut in the 
dividend payout 

British Car Auctions rallied 
lOp to 135p on a press 
suggestion that the company 
was contemplating selling its 
-US auction operation. The 
appointment of a new chief 
executive boosted Kenning 
Motor 15p to 208 p. Tozer 
Kemsley, which has launched 
a bid for Kenning, improved 

by 6p to 1 35p. Firmer builders 
bad Barralt up 8p to 142p. 

Spring Ram gained another 
7p to 41 Op, still reflecting 
recent good results. Brighter 
electricals features STC at 
I34p, up 12p, after an upgrad- 
ing by Scrimgeour Vickers. 

Magnetic Materials, a weak 
market since the disappoint- 
ing profits earlier this week, 
recouped lOp to 78p. Arthur 
Wood dipped 6p to 74p after 
reduced dividend and profits. 

In properties, Stock Conver- 
sion wwas hoisted 30p to 6 1 5p 
on rumours of a. bid from 
Stockley. Portland was in 
demand ax 505p, up 2Qp. 
Among overseas issues, 
Incbcape jumped 20p to 376p 
on talk of a bid from Lonrho, 
itself 1 lp higher at 296p (after 
300p) on takeover rumours. 

Sangers Photographic rose 
by 13pto 108p after comment. 
Satisfactory statements sup- 
ported Forward Technology at 
39p, Steel BnrriB 232p. H 
Young I73p and Gibbs and 
Dandy 36p — between 2p and 
8p better. 

Renewed takeover specula- 
tion stimulated Raine Indus- 
tries at 47Vjp, up 4Vzp. BPCC 
returned from a 24-hour sus- 
pension at 237p, up 7p, as 
dealers digested the implica- 
tion of the Pfeigamon deal 


Abbott MV 


BPP fl60p) 
Brookmount (160p) 
Chart FL (86p) 
Chancery Secs 
Conv 9% A 200 
Cranswlck M (95p) 
Dialene (128p) 
iuson (J) (lOp) 
Gm Trot (165p; 
Granyte Surface (56c 
Inoco (55p) ' 

JS Pathology (160p) 
Jarvis Porter (105p) 
Klearfoid (118p) 
Lexicon (ll5p) 

Macro 4 (105p) 
Motivate M (115p) 
Norank Sys (90p) 
Really Useful (330p) 

182 4-2 
30*2-1 ’a 
I 188 +8 

SAC Inti (lOOp) 

SPP (I25p) 
Templeton (2l5p). 
Sigmex (101p) 
Snowdon & B (97p) 

Tech Comp (1 
W York Hosp 
Wtckes (140p) 

157 -1 
118 +1 
225 +13 


341 +1 


Cullens N/P_ 

Hartwells N ft 3 
NMW Comp 
Porter chad F/P .. 
Safeway UK 
Wates F/P 
Westtend F/P 

(Issue price In brackets) 


S 4 

. £47 

The Directors announce the results of 
Standard CharterecLGroup for 1935, as follows: 

^ • -I* 

. 1985 


- • • 


£ million 

£ million 

. r -v- 

| Trading profit • 

Company and subsidiaries 





Share of associated companies 



Profit before taxation 


United Kingdom 

Share of associated companies 

Minority interests 

Profit before 
extraordinary items 
Extraordinary items 

Profit attributable to 
members of the Company 

Dividends: Interim 

Profit retained 

267.9 239.6 












• 15.7 



73. A 







85.3 p 



- DIVIDEND: The Directors will recommend at the 
Annual General Meeting on 8th May 1986, a final 
dividend erf 20 l 0 pence per share, making a total 
distribution for 1985 of 30.5 pence per share. The 
final dividend will be paid on 16th May 1986, to 
shareholders on the Register on 11th April, 1986. 

Pound rate 
robs BICC 
of profits 

By Our City Staff 

BICC would have shown a 
profit increase of 20 per cent 
but lor sterling’s rise against 
other currencies, it reported 

As it was. pretax profit was 
up only 5 per cent to £92 
million from £87 million. An 
increased final dividend of 
7.5p against 7.04p in 1984 is 
recommended, malting a total 
of 1 lp. Dividend will be paid 
on May 15. 

The report also proposed 
that, subject to the annual 
meeting’s approval, share- 
holders should continue to be 
entitled to elect to receive 
a ddhinnfl i folly paid shares in 
lieu of all or part of the final 

Turnover was £2.11 mil- 
lion. up from £2.03 million. 

BICC said: “The foil extent 
of the improvement is ob- 
scured in the figures reported 
as the profit increase would 
have been about 20 per cent 
were it not for the apprecia- 
tion of stating against other 
currencies in 1985.” 

Of the four group compa- 
nies, Cables and International 
improved their performance, 
Balfour Beatty maintained 
profits despite Middle Eastern 
problems and Technologies 
were somewhat down, mainly 
because of problems in the 
American electronics 

The company has decided 
to change the basis of account- 
ing by converting profits into 
sterling at average rather than 
dosing rates of exchange, so 
moderating the tin pact of 
exchange rate movements and 

reflecting more fairly the un- 
derlying performance. 

C om pari so ns for 1984 had 
been restated to reflect this. 

Stockley in 
peace talks 

By Judith Huntley 

Stock Conversion, the prop- 
erty company, is to hold talks 
today with its unwelcome 26.5 
per cent shareholder, Stockley, 
the aggressive young property 
company, to try to break the 
deadlock between the two. 

Stock Conversion's shares 
jumped 30p to 61 Sp yesterday 
on hopes of a quick 

Stockley would find a take- 
over of Stock Conversion 
difficult as it has 
embarked on a paperchase 
with its shares trading at a 
premium and it has no cash. 
Stock Conversion, though 
rash rich, would be reluctant 
to pay a high price for 
Stockley. A joint company has 
been suggested. 


House Mortgage Rate 

Midland Bank announces that, with 
effect from Tuesday 1 st April 1 986 
its House Mortgage Rate reduces 
by 0.75% to 12-25% per annum. 

APR 12.8%. 

(M Midland Bank 

Midland Bank pic, 27-Poultry, London EC2P 2BX 

Profits dip at 
book group 

Associated Book 

Publishers' pretax profits 
dropped from £8.08 million to 
£7.76 million in 1985. But the 
group — which publishes the 
best-selling Adrian Mole se- 
ries and owns Hammicks 
Bookshops and Methuen — 
said that its continued 
strength and prospects justi- 
fied a 12 per cent increase in 
the dividend to 5.6p a share. 


Woolies plans more wonders 

The most notable feature 
of Woolworth Holdings* 
1985-6 results was the turn- 
around at F W Woolworth 
from a loss of £5.1 million to 
a profit of £17.6 million on a 
5 per cent fall in sales. 
Turnover at the continuing 
850 stores rose 3 per cenL 

The formula, however, is 
still for from right with 
margins at only 1.7 per cent. 
The solution, unveiled yes- 
terday. is to slim down 
merchandise further into six 
key areas, which make mon- 
ey. and unload those that do 
not Adult outerwear and 
food are the two largest 
casualties and will be gone 
from all Woolies stores by the 
end of the year. They account 
for 15 per cent of sales, but 
are barely profitable. 

The cost of the withdrawal 
in terms of stock losses, 
revamping the stores (which 
will take two to three years) 
and redundancies will be 
£29.1 million, taken in last 
year's figuresas an extraordi- 
nary item. The benefit from 
freeing around 1 million 
square feet of space to high 
margin goods like children's 
wear and toys, confectionery 
and kitchenware will be felt 
to some extent this year, but 
even more so next year. 

Elsewhere in the group, 
B&Q saw profits 20 per cent 
higher. Growth slowed in the 
second half as enforcement of 
the Sunday trading laws hit 
home, but this should be 
short-lived. A further 25 
stores will be opened this 
ear, taking the total above 

Pretax profits of £105 mil- 
lion before property profits 
are expected this year, giving 
a prospective p/e ratio of 
under 1 5. Given the potential 
for even stronger profit 
growth in 1987-8, the shares 
at 6 1 3p do not look expensive 
even after all the bid 

Lucas Ind/ 
Babcock Int 


200 . 

Comet’s profits dropped 8 
per cent to £13.7 million. 
Action has been taken to try 
to regain the marketing mo- 
mentum lost to Dixons and 
management changes have 
been made. Comet is also 
expanding with 34 stores 
planned inis year. 

Stock market investors have 
a dangerous tendency to take 
published accounts at face 

Lucas Industries yesterday 
reported an increase in inter- 
im pretax profits from £15.3 
million to £38 million, 
enough to send its shares 38p 
higher to 65 Ip. Babcock In- 
ternational. however, man- 
aged to lift its profits from 
£31.6 million to only £34.5 
million before tax last year, so 
its shares were marked down 
by 17pto 196p. 

The market happily ig- 
nored their bottom line per- 
formance, which was very 
similar. Lucas charged a hefty 
£342 million below the line, 
made up of provisions, 
writedowns and losses on the 
Lucas Electrical businesses 
being dosed. 

Even though Babcock was 
in the happy position of 
having retained earnings , its 
shareholders’ foods were also 
denied by exchange rates. 

Babcock was widely criti- 
cised for boosting its profits 
by a one-off £6 million 
holiday from pension fond 
contributions, without which 
the reported result would 
have been lower. By the same 
token Lucas, which earlier 
announced a two-year holi- 
day worth £20 million a year 
in increased profits, should 
also come under scrutiny. 

Babcock is hoping to offset 

the expected steep fall in 
profits from the power sta- 
tion business by some recov- 
ery in the contribution from 
mining equipment, following 
rationalization. Assuming 
profits of £40 million in the 
current year, the shares are 
trading on 10 times earnings. 

At Lucas, the second half 
will benefit from the pension 
fund holiday, interest re- 
ceived on the £89 million 
rights issue of last year and 
continued growth of the aero- 
space supplies business. On 
that basis, profits of £100 
million or so are possible, 
suggesting that the multiple is 
only slightly higher than 

Of the two companies, 
Babcock offers the more ex- 
citement as it would gain 
substantially if the Sizewell 
power station is given the go- 


The market was well primed 
for a decline in BAT’S profits. 
In the event the results were a 
pleasant surprise . being better 
than the board's expectations 
at the half-year stage. 

The 17 per cent decline in 
pretax profits to £1.(68 mil- 
lion was mainly due to a weak 
dollar. At constant exchange 
rates, the decrease would 
have been 3 per cent. 

Tobacco, which still ac- 
counts for more than 50 per 
cent of profits, had a particu- 
larly good year and increased 
its share of the business. 

In* a year when the total 
market for cigarettes grew by 
only 1 per cent, BATs sales 
volume rose by 4 per cent. In 
Brazil, the group's biggest 
market, volume rose by 17 
per cent enabling it to raise its 
market share to 81 per cent 

The need to diversify away 
from tobacco despite its un- 


questioned profitability 
long been dear. 

The group’s strategy is 
clear. It will concentrate oil 
four core businesses which 
are positioned for strong, 
growth. T obacco, as a mature 
business, will grow less^] 
strongly than pulp and paper 
financial services and! 

Further development of, 
financial services will begin: 
with development of Eaglet 
Star and Allied Dunbar, in; 
particular exploiting the op-‘ 
portunities provided by por- 
table pensions. But greater! 
geographical spread is need- 
ed. and a major American! 
acquisition at the retail end of 
the business with good distri ’ 
bution is likely. 

In retail, there is still a long 
way to go. especially in the 
US. Here, the group is poised, 
to sell a group of its stores in 
segments of the market where' 
growth prospects are limited.: 
A provision for losses on the: 
sale of these department 
stores of £125 million has? 
been made against this year's 
profit, ft is expected that the; 
sale will be complete by Juae.; 

By contrast, the paper divi-- 
sion is doing exceptionally? 
well, proving that BAT man-; 
agement can move into a new- 
area of operation and make a' 
success of it. 

The management is also- 
aware of the need to reward; 
the shareholders, and the 
dividend was increased by; 
17.5 per cent despite the 
reduced profits giving a gross; 
yield of 6-25 per cent at the' 
current price of 400p. ^ 

The prospective 
price/eamings multiple is un- 
demanding at between 7 and; 
8. Clear strategy and the cash- 
flow to achieve h are tr 
powerful combination and. if 
successful, the group should 
go a long way. 


Extracts from the preliminary results for the year ended 31 December 1985 

Profit £ 1168 m: 
Dividend up by 17 V 2 % 

Group Results 




Year to 

Pre-tax profit 



Attributable to BAT Industries 

£674 m 


Dividend per share 



£1=$1.446 at 31.12.85 ($1,159 at 31.12.84). 

Group pretax profits in 1985 
totalled £1168 million. This 17 per 
cent decline -as reported in 
sterling- owed much to the 
weakness of the US dollar which 
sharply reduced profits when 
translated into sterling at year- 
end rates. Operating profits 
were 12 per cent lower at 
£1288 million, and attributable 
earnings were 14 per cent down 
at £674 million. 

The year in factsaw growth and 
good performance in most of the 
Group’s businesses. Tobacco 
and paper had a particularly 
strong year as did life and 
pensions business and UK 
retailing. There were however 
unsatisfactory performances in 
some parts of US retailing and 
unexpectedly high claims 
experience in UK general 

Nevertheless total operating 
profit in local currency terms 
showed a further one per cent 
improvement and would have 
reached £1485 million had 
exchange rates remained 
constant during the year After a 
higher net interest charge, pre- 
tax profits would have shown a 
decrease of 3 per cent to £1361 
million. The Group remains one 
of the UK’s leading and 
profitable businesses. 

nans one with anc 

id most perfc 

All comparisons are affected by 
further changes in Group 
structure. Allied Dunbar was 
acquired. Soporcel became an 
associate, and Mardon Packaging 
was sold. It is a strikingtestimony 
to the Group's financial-strength 
and strong cash flow that the 
gross debt/equity ratio came 
down to 50 per cent, having risen 
to 64 per cent in early 19££ 
following the purchase of Allied 

Taking the increase in Group 
results reported over the two 
years, 1984 and 1985. pre-tax 
profits are up by 19 per cent and 
earnings per share by 22 per cent 

Tobacco experienced a 
buoyant year Group cigarette 
volume rose by 4 per cent with 
improved market share in Brazil 
and the US. In local currencies 
Group trading profit from tobacco 
increased by 8 per cent 

Paper also had a strong 
year with higher sales of 
carbonless copying paper from 
both Wiggins Teape and 
Appleton. With help from lower 
pulp prices profits grew by 19 per 
cent in local currencies. 

Retailing had a mixed year 
with another sparkling 
performance from Argos 
and good results in 

difficult circumstances from • - 

Marshall Field’s, Saks Fifth • 
Avenueand Ivey's. But most of our -/■ 
other US stores performed * ! 

inadequately, and it has been 
decided to concentrate our 
efforts on stores which offer : •• 

growth potential and to dispose of . ■ 
the others, which in aggregate > 

made a substantial loss. . ; 

Financial services now 

includes Allied Dunbar as well " • 

as Eagle Star and both achieved - 
substantial growth in life and 
pensions income. Eagle Star's. : . 

general business suffered from ; 
an unexpectedly high claims . 
experience but premium rates .. ! 

are now at a more satisfactory ; 

level. , : 

Associated companies : 

had an excellent year in local : '■ 

currencies. Imasco achieved -\ 

further growth despite : 

competitive pressures in 
Canadian tobacco and US drug 
stores. . 

I n the light of the year's positive - • 
features the Board will be 
recommending to shareholders ; 
a final dividend of 7.35p. making 
a total for the year of 12.10p. an . : 
increase of 17.5 per cent over the : . 
previous year; and an 85 per cent , > 
growth in excess of UK inflation 
over the past five years ; : 

PROSPECTS for 19S6ara 
forfurther growth at operating 
profit level. Factors outside our ;= 
control include exchange rates : 
and greatly reduced investment ... 
incomefrom Brazil. But weexpect 
an increase in attributable 

PATRICK SHEEHY Chairman * • 


Full financial statements will be delivered to the Registrar of Companies and carry an unqualified audit report. 
The results are being posted to shareholders. Copies are available from BAT ndustries ( WY1.‘4 h 5 Park Avenue. New \urk. NY 

1002 ? 





•• ;■•••! r 




In f 
is e 
It i 

























109 St. Vincent Street, Glasgow. G2 5HH 


that the !03rd Annual General Meeting of the 
Members of The Scottish Mutual Assurance 
Society will be held in the Central Hotel, 
Gordon Street, Glasgow on Wednesday 23rd 
April, 1986 at 1 2. 15pm, to approve the 
Accounts Balance Sheet and Reports of the 
Directors and Auditors, to re-elect Directors and 
to fix the remuneration of the Auditors. 

Prints of the Society's Annual 
Accounts and Balance Sheet and Directors' 
Report can be obtained by Members at the Head 
Office of the Society or at any of its Branch 

A Member of the Society entitled to 
attend and vote instead of him. Proxies must be 
lodged at the Head Office of the Society not less 
than 48 hours before the time for holding the 

The attention of Members wishing to 
attend is drawn to Regulations 5, 23 and 24 of 
The Scottish Mutual Assurance Society Act 

By Order of the Board, 

C. G. Kirkwood Secretary 


Hearn and 
to set up 

G L Hearn & Partners is 
taking over Leavers and set- 
ting up a new firm, Hearn 
Leavers, to concentrate on 
commercial estate agency 
work. The commercial agency 
part of G L Hearn & Partners 
will be injected into the new 
firm. The existing practice will 
remain separate and will deal 
with professional work. 

Hearn Leavers is to be 
wholly owned by the partners 
of G L Hearn. But Leavens' 
partners, while being par! of 
the new firm, will not have 
any equity. Neither side will 
give the price paid to set up 
Heam Leavers, but it is relat- 
ed to Leavers' profits. 

Mr Eric Davies, a partner of 
G L Heam said: “We were 
approached by Leavers as 
there was common ground 
between the two. Leavers 
wanted more professional 
back-up and G L Heam 
needed to expand from its root 
bound Mount Street 

“ You need to be of a certain 
size in agency to cope with the 
level of demand. And we 
wanted to distance our profes- 
sional work, for which we 
have an established reputa- 
tion, from the more hectic 
marketplace of Heam Leav- 
ers. We have no intention of 
going public 

Retail plans out 

By Judith Huntley 

The pressure to develop large 
shopping centres to accommo- 
date the retail revolution 
shows no signs of abating. A 
plethora of proposals now 
exist for out-of-town, edge of 
town or even town centre 
schemes, bringing the issue of 
planning controls into the 

The decision by Mr 
Kenneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, to 
allow the Carroll Group to 
build a £45 million, 450.000 
sq ft leisure and retail develop- 
ment close to the Ml at 
Hatfield in Hertfordshire, 
against the advice of his own 
inspector, is a signpost to the 
future of shopping develop- 
ment in Britain. 

Mr Baker's decision allows 
a scheme to go ahead near 
Welwyn Garden City’s town 
centre shopping centre, itself 
the subject of a laige redevel- 
opment proposal Mr Baker 
said: am not convinced 

from the evidence that this 
development would cause 
such serious harm to any 
nearby town centre as to 
undermine the viability and 
vitality of that centre as a 

To reinforce that view Mr 
Baker has put a ban on a large 
food superstore in the Carroll 
Group's Park Plaza scheme. 
And the largest retail unit in 

the development is limited to 

JUJwq iP ■ ■ ■ * - 

This model, above, illustrates a £20 milKo n, 14SjtjO 
sq 'ft shop and office scheme which is to Neraop 
by the Crown Estate Comnussumers to JUrarfotf* 
Regent Street The existing BstaUa^cof 17>1*2 
Regent Street will be retained with 64500 sq, ft <rf 
shops built behind it with offices above. There will bea 
shopping mall on the ground floor lmkedlto a food 
court on the first floor. There wffl be eight kiosks 

offering a variety of food to 500 diners. These wfilbe 

let on short-term leases based on turnover rents. 
pro vision will be for future links to Hamleys, the toy 
shop. The letting agent is Drivers Jonas. 

have been behind' the refusal. 
But Centre 21 has had a Rag 
and painful planning history 
compared with the 18 months 

of waiting at Hatfirid. 

The restrictions imposed on 
ihe Carroll Group's d evelop- 
ment may lessen the impact 

on the Howard Centre projws- 

al ai Wdwyn railway season 
be ing promoted byStongn 
and the British Rau 
Property Board. They have 
had little time .to assess the 
impact of the Secretary-of 

State's decision on tto pans. 

There may be a modifea- 
tion of the existing £20 mi m oa 
scheme which includes 
150,000 SQ; ft of WWW 
anchored fay two huge Stores. 
Its commercial viabifity in the 
light of a rival, some would 

Prudential P&rtfohoManagere 
i rt lm y , • lf ftYC fl c d Us plans 

jointly with Marks and Spen- 
cer, tor its 28-acre site at 
CribbsOnsem ^ 

These jjstimfc 500000 sq ft 
of retailing, a Utaocen cine- 
ma and various leisure activi- 
ties anti. - restaurants. . The 
scheme has yet to obtain 

Overall, there will be 

200.000 sq ft of retailing. 

100.000 sq ft of offices, a 

150.000 sq ft leisure complex, 
an hotel and a garden centre. 
The financial details of the 
development are a mystery. 

Mr Baker's decision to al- 

low this scheme to go ahead 
must be taken against his 
refusal to allow the Penman 
Group to develop Centre 21, 
an out-of-town shopping cen- 
tre near Leicester. 

In that case its impact on 
existing; shopping seems to 

just up the road, win have to 
be reconsidered. "• 

Mr Roger Oaxey, the devel- 
opment director of Sough 
Estates said: “We had export- 
ed the decision logo the other 
way but we arc certain we can 
create a viable scheme at the 
station rite. The scheme may 
change but we are still there 
and we have every- mfrhtinfl 
doing something worth whole 
for foe town. But we cannot go 
along with the vfewfoai it is 
complementary to foe CerroB 
Group scheme, tt would be 
quite extraonJmary to say 

that " 

The battle to buadanoui- 
of-town shopping centre near 
Bristol has yet to be resolved 
The Prudential, through its 

fiie Ptodentad, which has 
£100 miffion invested m prop- 
erty in its new scheme’s 
catchment ares, and M & S 
say they are committed to 
town centre shopping. - 
. The skaanoa: ar Qibbs 
Causeway is complicated by 
the bet that a toed developer, 
Mr Jack Baytiss, owns a 60- 
acre site r which adjoins the 
PradentiaFiMrBayfiss has 
plans for a brat oufro&ows 
development v&icfa rivals that 
proposed b£ . the " insurance 
company^ v- 

It is not yct dear whether 
foe Secretary of Sate wHI call 
m the two schemes or whether 
some informal advice will be 
offered tolhc local authorities 

; And foat raises interesting 
questions about foe future of 
Broadmead, the town centre 
shonaina development in the 

midS? bTlSStol. -The 

Ladbroke Group has plans to 
upgrade Broadmead and re- 
acre its competitiveness as a 
prime retail location. 

But ft .mayi have second 
thought ifrilbcrwbofo foe 
Cribbs Causeway proposals 
receive planning consent. 

office sale 

* Retail profits up 72% 

* Group profits before exceptional items and 
tax up 43% 

* Major turnaround at F. W. Woolworth - to be 
followed by further focussing on established 

* B&Q profit up 20%. Expansion progressing 
to plan 

* Comet strategic review completed - investment 
in new stores proceeding 

* Property portfolio appreciating^atisfactorily 
- substantial development programme movin; 

g ahead 


Tlw Annual Report vv ill bo priced 10 *harohold«-is ai ihu beginning qi May Non-shareholders who would like a copy should write to 
Nigel Whittaker. Wnolworth Holdings pic. Northwest House, 1 10 Marvlebcme Road, London NW1 5PX. 

■ y Vv 

• SodfoMeEzadkaad 
Jones Lug Woottoa him 

hftigk dteOtyfifLoadoa 

at. r 


offices with; 

litre been 
mU bar a ftaBy tnart to 
for Bristol and Wert Mdtag 

Society farGLSmllfloo, 

equating* £40 « sq ft. Ernest 
fcrtbebofldtogsodeiy. . . 

whkhntfsed a £X2offlRa; 
Mtrito lMe last year has 

hmstments which 
sbetddfadpany re-xating 
of foe company. The group is 
dyiofto switch its portfo- 
lio away from foe industrial 
s ector w hi ch ao co a ate d for 
aboto half its properties to re- 

tafl and offices. 

• Theafficepnipcrtiesia- 
dnde Ihe 40,000 sq ft United 
Honc in York let at reals 
viodtf Howe, Leeds 
lNiaght ftnni the British Air- 
wmys Pcaswu Fand and 
Waterloo House, a 15,000 sq 
ft b«Wingm Lads. 

• Developments Coamer- 
dal ami Industrial, the Scot- 
fish pr op erty u > i—y y B 

to develop 180,000 sq ft of of 
Sees in Glasgow. The new 
scheme, tohe called 
Northg*te,willbel>toltto . 
iMgfcqre ffiEdito htoto 
nttng foe lateste l c chi o iuc 
gsdgetry. ft fellows on the kt- 

sv,ow aq it Vr cs 
British Telecom at a rent 
of£ 8 asqftdbc 0 ontedto 
£7*50 a sq ft for foe siagle 

• Chesterfield Properties 
has let 34000 sqftof offices 
Is its 13flg000 sq ft New 




AdamS Company. 

CfOenk Sawqjst- 
Contmerdiri- Trust. 

Cooperative Bank... 
(X.HoarB & Co _ 
LLoytls Baik. 







Mat -Weamkister 

Bonl Bank a! Scotland 11H% 


CRank kA..-.._ 11H% 

t Mt»p hw Bite. 



to Loudon Bridge os the 
sooth side of the Thames to 
Lloyds Bnk at over 
£1BL25 a sqft. The joint devd- 
LotcB DevfekmaMBts, say half 
the 95JW0 sqft St Thomas 
Haase b dso ander after. The 
tettiu agents are Heniug 
Son & Daw and Edward 


• Standard Comanciil 
ertydetelopwe nt sohrid- 
iary of Bass. has sold tea 
100,000 sqft high tochMd- 
sdwme. Great Easters 
fo Londons 
Docklands, for just over £5 

The 200-year leasehold 
fawMtn est has been sold to a 
private invtotor taldng ad- 
of foe 200 percent 
aHowuces avsd- 
■Metofoe hJeofUogscater- 

^^buS^Pitoptofitois . 

West India Deltoid It 
wffl afoodevelop *60,000 sq 

ft.affleepniect abok 

I WHanfe Grant A Pirtnert 
acted for thederd^ier. 


Chartered deal 

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. ’***•, *14, ■■tp."' 

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J“" yy c \j 

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.... ; ^ 
'* ;-v " J * £ 

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. 31 




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n i w "; 

The Standard .' .Chartered 
banking groop j$ 10 increase 
its stake in . ihe.Mocaaa Group 
u> 80 per cem ior S 1 1 8 million 

(£81 million) in cash. The 
principal companies involved 
are Mdcaxta and Goldsmid 
and. Mocana Commercial in 
London^ Mocatta Metals in 
New. York and Mocana Hong 
Kong. . 

The combined results of die 
-Mocana companies, far *tu» 
year to last November 30 
showed a profit after tax of 
S33.6 million and an extra or- ■ 
dinary provision of mil- 
lion relating -to the tin crisis, 
giving a net profit of: $27 

la 1985, an 80 per cent 
shareholding would have pro- 
vided Standard Chartered 
with an additional .S123 mil- 
lion of profits after tax. At 
November 30, the additional 
tangible assets being acquired 
were $108 milHon. ... 


Half-year to Jan. 3J, J986, 
compared with eight months 
last. time. Interim dividend 1.2 p 
(t.OSpV payable on May 23. 
Turnover £633 million (£4.64 
million). Pretax profit £589379 
^£313,036). Earnings per share 

dend for 1985 I.8p (1J75pX 
Turnover £1838 million (£17.1 
million). Pretax profit £601,000 
(£408,000). Earnings per share 
5-3p (3p) and after adjustment 
for overpr o vision for corpora- 
tion tax in earlier years 3.7p 

OGY: Dividend for 1985, 0.5p, 
payable on May 3a Last divi- 
dend was for 1981. Turnover 


£24.76 million (£22.01 million). 
Pretax profit £L01 million 
(£722.000). Earnings per share 
: 2.5p (i.Spj before extraordinary 

• BRIDON: Total dividend for 
1985 Sp «p). Turnover £208.7 
: milBoo (£l87.7 million);' share 
-.of (dated companies* turnover 
£1253 million (£124.9 million). 

Trade Indemnity' the London- 
wwgd cfedit tosguce c oi iptiiy, 
» paying a final dividend of Sp 
for 1985, making a total of 9.75p 
— an increase -of 1534 per 
It also ptama a two-lor-ane scrip 
Issue. Premmms written last 
year totalled £65.5 mBUon. 
*g*hol £57.67 nrimoa. The 
profit on the 1983 nndermithre 
account jumped to £5.07 nfflioo, 
compared with 198Ts £1.16 
m i lli on. Pranked investment in- 
come rose to £798.802 

Earnings per share, net basis, 
6.88p (3.83p) and nil distribu- 
tion basis, 7.47p (42pl. 

• KEEP TRUST: Dividend 
4.5p (3.75p) for 1985. Turnover 
— motor, £58-99 million (£52.41 
mHIionX engineering — £6.99 
million (£6.48 million). Pretax 
profit £2.18 million (£1.71 mil- 
Bon). Earnings per share 21.5p 

Total dividend for 1985 7.75p 
(same). Turnover £23.64 mil- 

Pretax -profit £16.7 million 
(£19-5 million). . Earnings per 
share (before . extraordinary 
items) 20.4p (15.2 px 

dividend for 1985 5.5p (2.75p). 
Turnover £30.37 million 

. (£34.77 mUhon). Pretax profit 
£05 million (£607,000). Al- 
though conditions in the first 
quarter of the current year have 
not been easy, -the group has 
made a good start to 1986. 

• AURORA: Results for 1985. 

. Final dividend of 0.6Sp per 
ordinary share, bringing the 
total for the -former p ref erre d 
ordinary shareholders to I.4p a 
share. Shareholders who have 
held ordinary shares throughout 
the year will receive a total of 
0.95p. Sales £107.58 million 
(£104.76 million). Pretax profit 
£9.08'nulfiom (£6.58 million). 

d I 


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first, second and thir d thing’ 

“ : .Thomajt Full a 

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For sobscriptimis ring: 01-928 2661 


Dfrirr fai S rnr l b. . - 

BnUio'- bi)|Mi Unawd drain* 

4344 Odben Street, London SE1 OUQ 

• METAL BOX: The company 
and Carnaiid SA have restruc- 
tured their shareholdings in' 
Europe. Metal Box is to transfer 
. to Carnaud its 19.3 per cent 
interest in .Carnaud Embaflage 
and its 12 ptt- cent stake tn 
En vases' Carnaud in exchange 

, for Camaud's 40 per cent in- 
terest in Metal Box Europe. As 
part of the transfer, Carnaud 
will pay Metal Box F Fr 45 
million (£43 million). 

Half-year to Nov. 30, 1985. 
Interim dividend 1.2p (l.lpX 
Turnover £77.1 milli on (£65 
million). Pret ax profit £6.12 
million (£5.61 million). Earn- 
ings per share 4.7p (3.8pX 

Dividend for 1985 2.675p. 
Turnover £2.28 minion. Pretax 
-profit £333,991. Earnings per 
share 5.87p. 

More Hum donbled profits, a 
higher dmdend and a scrip wsue 
are reported for i 985 by Bernard 
Matthews, the turkey pi od near 
and meat process o r , based at 
Norwich. Pretax profits cHaibed 
from £5.08 milH on to £123)9 
million — the best ever — on 
tnrnOYCT up from £97.58 milfion 
to £119^4 million. The final 

. dividend is going op from 4p to 
7.25p, lifting the total from 63p 
to. lip. A three-for-one scrip 
issne isproposed. 

• JAYPLA2VT: Half-year to 
Nov. 30, 1985. No interim 
dividend. Turnover £468,000 
(£755,000). Profit before tax 
£26,000 (£66,000). Earnings per 
share 0-508p (I.13pX 

INVESTMENTS: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 2.5p (2Jp). 
Turnover £5.71 million (£3.97 

t million). Pretax profit £1.4 mil- 
Eod (£1.26 million). Earnings 
per share 6.6p (4.3pX 

terim dividend 0i7p (same), 
payable on May 21, for the six 
months to Jan. 31, 1986. Turn- 
over £1(164 million (£8.89 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £620,000 
(£41 1,000). Earnings per share 
4 J5p (2^2p). 

tal dividend for 1985 7_2p 
(6.4p). Turnover £8458 million 
(£72.49 millionl Pretax profit 
0.85 millio n (£3-25 mflhon). 
Earnings per ‘ share 18.05p 
(1329 p). 

• EBC GROUP: Results for 

1985. Total dividend 7.25p 
(5.6p) and one-for-four scrip 
issue. Tuniover £56.17 million 
(£44.29 million). Pretax profit 
£1.12 million (£382,000). Earn- 
ings per share l8.8p (6.7p). 

tal dividend for 1985 2.78p 

‘ (Z16p adjusted). Turnover 
£9.46 million (£8-58 millioo). 
Pretax profit £1.03 million 
(£714,000). Earnings per share 
. (fully diluted) 8. Ip (6.9p). 

tal dividend for 1 985 unchanged 
ax4pa share. Turnover It£32. 15 
million (Irish £28.09 million). 
Pretax profit Ir£U3 million 
(Irish £132 million). Earnings 
per share I2jp(l l .Sp). 

Dividend 0.1p (same) for the 
year to Oct. 31, 1985. Turnover 
£539 million (£5.54 million). 
Pretax loss £275,583 (loss 
£387,022). Loss per share 5.6p 

UCTS: Interim dividend 2p 
(same) for the half-year to Dec. 
3). 1985. Sales £7033 million 
(£59.91 million). Pretax profit 
£3.03 million (£3.41 minion). 
Earnings per share, basic 9.6p > 
(11.7p) and fully diluted, 93p 

STEAM PACKET: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 I6p (14p). Turn- 
over £9.41 million (£9.33 i 
million). Pretax profit £138 
million (£1.89 million). Earn- 
ings per share 29.57p (38-52p). i 

dend for 1985 held at lp. 
Turnover £5.48 million (£8.82 
million). Pretax profit £1.06 
million (£4.58 million). Earn- 
ings per share 2.45p (8.4 (p). 

terim dividend 0.75p (0.62Sp), 
payable on May 19. Pretax 
profit for the half-year to Dec. 
31, 1985, £676,000 (£644,000). 
Earnings per share i.4p(I3p). 

• UNREAD: Total dividend 
for 1985 2.5p (l-5p). Turnover 
£15.13 million (£13.59 million). 
Pretax profit £722,000 
(£71,000). Basic earnings , per 
share (adjusted) f 2.53p (065). 

• BRIDGE OIL: In the half- 
year to Dec. 31, 1985, pretax 
profits jumped by 225 per cent 
IOAUS $4239 milli on (£2034 
million). Net profits were op by 
173 per cent at Aus $16.69 
million. • 

dividend for the year to Jan. 31, 

1986, 3.1p (2_9p). Pretax profit 
£6.97 milting (£736 million ). 
Earnings per- share 3.90p 

• TACE: Mr J H Mackenzie, 
the chairman, tokl the annual 
meeting that group performance 
supports the board's expectation 
of a material increase in profits. 

• WILLS GROUP: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 cut from 8p to 6p, 
but, should budgets be substan- 
tially achieved in 1986, the 
board intends to restore the 
dividend. Turnover £13439 
million (£136.2 million). Pretax 
profit £532^)00 (£886,000). 

yr.; .. •)* ■- o i._. 

’ • % -• -V 

■ ■ ‘ ‘t \ 


Profit before mrtorest . 

Net interest payable 

Profit before taxation 
Taxation . 

Profit after taxation 

Minority interests and preference dividends 

Attributable profit beforeextrandinaryaxns 

Extraorefinary irems 

Attributable profit 

Eamings per diare before escimQRtnsy<wm 

Dividends per share 

198 * icsaifid iiting average rates of exchange to translate performance of overseas companies. 



























11 .Op 


The Chairman, Sir William Barlow, says: 

The fuB extent of the improvement is obscured in businesses, such as cables, other aspects of 

the reported figures as the profit increase would electrical engineering and electronics, and 
have been about 20%, were it not for the construction and civil engineering. These are 

appreciation of sterling against several currencies, the cornerstones of the B1CC Group and 

^jiven modem management and techniques 

I particularly draw attention to the continued willremain the principal source of future 

improvement in attributable profit available to _ 

shareholders, whieh grew for the second We have real confidence that these 

successive year. This improvement was achieved welhestablished businesses can prosper 
after charging extraordinary items of £1 1 million internationally and thrive with the right level of 

aftertax (£12 million in-1 984) for closures. investment in modem technology, design, 

final dividend of 7.5p per sharers being stability ana reiaDiuty- 

recommended making 1 1 p total for the year (last In prepanng the ground for the future we have 

vear 10 54o) • dealt rigorously with loss-making units and those 

rmVvrh/ hac hnrn nK/An tn which made inadequate profits. As a result we 

• During tte.yeatprioiT^as have now turned round several businesses and 

improving the performance and productivity of the 

existing businesses. We have pursued . . „ . . . ^ _ 

programmes to house our manufacturing Confidence js increasing at all tevels in the 

SSations erther in new facilities or. where strength and ability of the Group to take on world 

appropriate, in fuHy modernised older plants to competition with success, 
provide working environments conducive to the Our new, younger top management team is 

achievement of the highest standards of quality committed to success. They seek new levels of 

and performance. achievement which will increase benefits to 

We believe fii the fundamental^ value to shareholders and employees, 

shareholders of OUT wolf established core B m *r 9 q> h f CT<i nnliJ0ffM^aeeBi«ilavvKh .m Mummified audi reooUbmnol V«WmI 


Engineering tomorrow's world in Cables, Components and Construction 
. for communications and power 

BICC pic 21 Bloomsbury Street London WC1B 3QN T etephone: 01-637 1300 


Clear pattern of growth now established 1 i m 

Increasing economic activity, a tumround by some of the poor performers of 1984 |\ ij| /m 

and the work of earlier years reorganising companies and modernising assets- 
all these contributed to the uplift in profits in 1985. Pre-tax profits 

increased by 23% to £29.6 miilioaTransport Development Group now HtT# ji 

has 110 commercially independent subsidiaries operating not x 1| lj 

only throughout the United Kingdom but in Europe, North J f 

America and Australia. 

Its prinapal activities are Road haulage |T 

road haulage, storage fo the united Kingdom there was c j 

and distribution. anotice^le upsurge in demand ^ 

for road haulage services in the 
second six months of 1985. Traffic 

volumes and margins improved. \ 

The rise in profit a b il ity was then A T 

were maintained but disappointing 

results from the trucking companies on the Mon? than 4500 vehicles move 

gsjsi US west coast were partly off-set by everything from an overnight package 

strong increases in Australia toaisoo tonne uirigmxluia. 

I V 

1 5 



BBS £ Storage 

F' Inland warehouses in the United Kingdom 
xr produced increased profits. A m^or warehouse 
p complex at Slough came into full operation 
Kwilh during the year, and is now handling 

2,000 tomes of confectionery every day 
Bonded stores have been extended, and 
ESpaE:' additional stores opened. There was a strong 
and sustained demand for cold storage whidi 
fwoduced increased profits. 

Cok/ storage accommodation totak more than 43 mBon cubic feet 

Other activities 

Whilst transport storage and distrfotition are^ the major 
oontainer services to and from Europe, export paddng 
and fbrwardng, machinery installation and factory 
removals, plant hire, the servicing of exhibitions 
worldwide and the manufacture of steel reinforcement 
wire and mesh.^ This spread and diversity contributes 
to the strength and stability of the Group as a whole. 

Outlook for the future 

A dear pattern of growth is now estab&ied. Growth is 
expected to contmue and results for the first few weeks in 
the current year are encouraging. Profits are ahead of 
those for last year, and mast trading companies are 
cmtimistic about the outcome for the year as a whole. 


Important new contracts for 
storage and distribution were 
secured during the year. 
There are now many oppor- 
tunities for growth in what 
is a rapidly changing and 
expanding market A large 
temperature controlled 
central depot is under con- 
struction from which chilled 
products wffi be delivered to 
stores of a msgor UK retailer 

If you woM Bee to know more 
about Transport Development 
Group complete the coupon behw Bfcs] 

Group companies operate 

85 mHfion square feel 
of warehousing 

^ nUB space. 


To The Secretary, Transport Development Group PLC 
50 Victoria Street London SWIH ONR. 

Please send me a copy of the 
Annual Report 198S. 


... qi ccccu u n r i ii\ir ...... en ccccu u\ 

• i lcddcd i iu i Line ' * / llJjlj i i 

Plessey world first in 

By developing a system whicb Afl^lAQl fiflFA 

upucdi uure 

rftmtwnpii (Uiln « dnplp imfinl 

By developing a system whicb 
enables up to 40 separate ann- 
mmucations channels to be 
combined onto a single optical 
fibre, Plessey Research has 
achieved a world fiist. 

Up till now, the number of 
simultaneous telephone con- 
versations - or the video and 
data traffic equivalent - along 
one fibre has been limited to 
some 8,000. 

The new Plessey system has 
a theoretical rapacity for 
500,000 simultaneous rails, so 
its development has significant 
potential to increase the ca- 
pacity of existing cable links 
and reduce the number of 
fibres needed. 

The system is based on 
wavelength division multiplex- 
ing. This process employs dif- 
ferent wavelengths or colours 
of light to carry different infor- 
mation for simultaneous trans- 
mission along one fibre no 
thicker than a human haic 


The colours are combined at 
the transmitting end of the 
fibre and separated at the 
receiving end without signifi- 
cant interference occurring 
between them. 

Although 40 separate light 
sources (LEDs) are required 
forthe process, these need only 
be drawn from five differing 
variants in the infra-red pari of 
the spectrum. 





v *p. 

Admit for wave leaglli&visiBD multiplexing 

Each ran be further sub- 
divided into eight separate TnT\V i* 
colours by a novel process IWI 1Y FAI* 
known as spectrum splicing, XksJLXtm. IU1 
whidi was developed by p — 

Plessey Research at Caswell in ■ |VTA|*n 

Northamptonshire. v/AlUl IX 

The impact of thisnew tech- 
nology is expected to have 
major importance for short and Oxford limverrii 

long distance communication network of ten 
systems, for specialist uses in digital comnnmi 
local area networks and parallel The systems 
computer links, and also for porate DPNSS I 
military applications such as Network Signs 
aircraft flight control systems, facilities, are e 

Plessey has won an order for the 
supply of advanced circuit 
switches to the Omani Ministry 
of Defence. 

The contract - for the 
Plessey Multi Role System 
(MRS) - closely follows the 
announcement that the Greek 
Armed Forces have also 
chosen MRS, as the heart of 
the Hermes system for their se- 
cure military communications 

MRS offers a highly flexible 
range of switches that provides 
the most efficient and versatile 
means of meeting communi- 
cations requirements through 
to the 1990s. 

Developed as a “third gener- 
ation” system from a sub- 
stantial Plessey research 
programme, MRS has already 
been chosen by Australia and 
New Zealand for their strategic 
communications networks. 

Better information at the bus stop 

The prestigious Route 65 
“Tracfoie” bus service in 
Birmingham is to provide a 
Plessey passenger information 

At bus stops along the 
“Tradioe” guided route, the 
system will display the ex- 
pected arrival time of the next 
bus to waiting passengers, and 
count down the time remain- . 
ing. minute by minute. 

The time is calculated by 
bus sensors installed at stra- 
tegic points along the route 
which signal to the bus stop 
display over the telephone 
lines whenever a bus is 

With the promise of 
increased passengers resulting 

from up-to-the-minute arrival 
information, there are good 
prospects for expansion of the 
system to other routes. 

The order for the system 
follows an earlier order from 
ttfest Midlands County 
Council for Plessey to provide 
Tracline” with a traffic light 
priority system. 

Oxford University has ordered a 
network of ten Plessey ISDX 
digital communication systems. 

The systems, which incor- 
porate DPNSS (Digital Private 
Network Signalling System) 
facilities, are expected to be 
opmating in September 1986, in 
time for the 1986-87 academic 

Among the departments to 
use the new network wiD 
be Engineering and Science, 
Botany, Zoology and Geodesy 
and Surveying. The Bodleian 
Library and various adminis- 
trative offices wiD also be served. 

The order - valued at over 
£1 milfion - was placed through 
British Telecom, who market the 
Plessey ISDX as the Merlin DX. 



Technology is our business. 

PISS5EY. thrP/nuy.frmbaimd SDX arrtredriwii^fThePiefStfCiwvim pit. 

Plenty MRS inaction 

With automatic distribution 
and message handling, full 
interface facilities, automatic 
system control and a foun- 
dation support system, it em- 
bodies the latest in switching 

MRS is designed for tactical 
or strategic systems, mobile or 
fixed. It incorporates experi- 
ence gained in the develop- 
ment of the Ptarmigan system 
now operational with the 
British Army in Germany, for 
which Plessey was prime 

The Omani order 'is an 
important stage in the mod- 
ernisation of Omani military 
communications, and points 
the way io further Plessey sales 
in this highly competitive 


From votir portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give vau your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 
have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated, if you arc a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
hack of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Oaims required for 
+49 points 

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$EC Reliance Mr Owen 
XMwnt has become sales 

fiestobeil: Mr David 

IdUbhui has been mafo > chief 

News (UK): Mr Bany Male 
is how finance director. 

Park Tonks: Mr n 

O’Toole has been in^p mar- 
keting director. 

IJIacdonald Martin Distill- 
eries: Mr Anthony Barnet has 
become export sales director, 
international Petroleum Ex- 
'■ change: Mr Peter Wildblood 
?%as been - made chief 

' ‘rl .‘ Amdahl fUK): Mr Robert 
»;Bnns has been named direc- 
tor _ of finance and 
“ ^adpnnistration. 

- : Ash & Lacy: Mr Henry 
Sfstldwefl is to become deputy 

director. Mr Mike 
. . _ and Mr John 

- Troman joftrthe board. 

■ ~ _LHW Futures: Mr Brian 

> * -Edgeley is now manag in g 
■ ! vdirector and Mr Nat Le Roax 
; ^has joined the board. 

~ Marlborough Property 
Holdings: Mr S S GOfaun ts 
mw on the board. 

’ Flcxicon Systems: Mr Geof- 
Lfiey Nfthsdale has been mart* 
and general manager. 
Sled Corporation: Mr 
ladden has become a 

MPs hit at government 
incompetence over tin 

ication International 
Mr (Hies Ned is now 
_ : director. 

Fiat Finance: Mr Graham 
° Tfcken has joiiied the board 

By Michael Prest, Financial Correspondent 

A Commons committee ac- mittee described as being wor- 
cued the Government yester- thy of die TV show Yes, 

day of secrecy ~ and 
incompetence in its handling 
of the tin crisis. 

In a hard-hitting final report 
on the crisis, the Select Com- 
mittee on trade and industry 
railed for a debate on the 
Government’s refusal to an- 
swer its questions. It also 
recom m e n ded ffnandg i sup- 
port for the badly affwtfH 
Cornish tin mim>$ 

, The MPs said the Interna- 
tional Tin Council, the body 
charged with overseeing the 
International Tin Agreement, 
appeared to be “totally out of 
control". But the Government 
railed to warn the market and 
ministers were not kept fully 

The report said: “Failure to 
persuade the chairman of the 
London Metal Exchange to 
transmit to ring dealers the 
warning from HMG that it 
could not underwrite uncov- 
ered commitments entered 
into by the buffer stock man- 
ager under the sixth, and 
possibly the seventh, agree- 
ment testified to a degree of 
incompetence which speaks 
for itself” 

In a reply which the com- 

. Minister, Sir Brian Hayes, 
permanent secretary to the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry, said that the ITC 
had refused to supply infor- 
mation and “it was therefore 
decided not to abandon the 
effort but continue h with a 
somewhat lower profile in the 
hope that reason would tri- 
umph where more overt pro- 
cesses had unfortunately ■ 

The report continued: “ We 
regard it as unforgivable that 
such a warning was intended 
to be passed only to one 
category of persons exposed to 
risk m dealing with the BSM, 
and not the other categories, 
namely, tin producers in the 
UK and banks lending to the 

The committee said the' 
Cornish mines were threat- 
ened by the collapse of the 
ITCs price support operation, 
in which the Government had 
p a rt i cipated Individual com- 
mittee members favoured 
switching the £50 milli on the 
Government had offered to 
help rescue the tin market to 
sustain the tin miw* through 
the present low prices. 

But the report gave this 
warning^ 4 Tbc Government is 
inclined to wait and see wfaai 
happens. This simply will not 
do. If it wans for the tin price 
to settle before taking action, 
there will be no tin industry 
left in Cornwall." . 

Committee members said 
the discredited ITC was un- 
likely to assume an important 
new role. They advised, how- 
ever, that: “As a matter of 
urgency, the Government 
should look into all interna- 
tional trading organizations of 
which ft is a member and 
mair<» sure that their liabilities 
are clarified and publicly 

Civil service witnesses, the 
report said, were not given 
permission by ministers to 
reply to the committee’s 

They did not, therefore, 
comment on a report by the 
buffer stock manager, leaked 
to the committee, that: “As we 
have reported over the last 
three years or soothe ITC 
should stop gambling on its 
good fortune in view of what 
is at stake, L&, ’the fortune* of 
the entire tin mining 

UK steel 
up 3.4% 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

World sted production last 
month rose marginally above 
the output for February 1985 
with Britain showing a 3-4 per 
cent increase and France and 
Japan both reporting 

European Economic Cora- 
m unity production totalled 
10.7 million tonnes with Brit- 
ain producing ]J million 
tonnes. The overall figure was 
0.6 per cent higher than in the 
same w ffnfh last year. 

The figures, issued by the 
Internationa] Iron and Steel 
Institute, show that the United 
States produced 5.1 per cent 
more than in February last 
year, Japan 6.9 per emit less 
and France 10 per cent less. 

The country in the industri- 
alized nations’ category with 
the largest increase in output 
was Brazil, where output rose 
by 11.4 per cent. Denmark's 
specialist steels industry pro- 
duced 3&5 per cent more, 

Among the non- industrial- 
ized nations Nigeria showed 
the largest fall in prodnetum, 
down 87 S per coat, and Ar- 
gentina the largest rise, 43.8 












Eagle Star 


The results for 1985 were as follows:- 


Fire, accident and motor 7202 

Marina aviation and transport 4X5 

Long term - annual premiums 231.4 

- angle premiums ’ 224.1 

Underwriting loss 
Shareholders' long term profits 
Investment return * 

Profits of Gresham Inve s tmen t Trust 
Surplus before taxation 

Taxation 09-71 

Minority interests (6.0) 

Surplus before extraortfinary items 
Extraordinary items 
, Transfer to capital reserves 

Balance available for appropriation 

Balance added to revenue reserves 



























* The amount shown asinvestment return is made upas fodows:- 








Investment expenses 



Profits of Grovewood Securities 



Share of associated companies' profits 





Investment appreciation 



Transfer to deferred investment gains 



173*" 1048 

Total investment return 



Desphe an underlying improvement in insurance rating levels during the 
year, the results for 1985 show a reduction in surplus before tax and 
minority interests to D1 &4m {1984; £153.1m). However, the more realistic 
attitude towards rating now prevailing in the market should have a positive 
effect in future. 

INVESTMENT RETURN. The total investment return was £2 60 -3m (1984: 
£254 5m). This reflects a substantial growth in investment values and. after 
allowing for currency exchange rate fluctuations, the underlying growth 
rate in investment income was 9 per cent The method used in the 
computation of these figures is unchanged from last year and excludes any 
increase inthe value of the shareholders' interest in the life business, which 
is shown at a nominal value in the accounts. 

GENERAL INSURANCE BUSINESS. General business premium income 
increased by 15 per cent to £7 63.7m. 

The table set out below analyses the income and underwriting results for 
each major territory including an appropriate allowance for investment 
return {equivalent to that obtainable from risk-free investments) on the 
related insurance funds. 

Amounts in fin 

United Kingdom and the 

Repubfic of Ireland* 



South Africa 


Other territories 























2 A 

















225 . 

(5 31 









— ' S 

— * ■ 


'Including reinsurance and worldwide marine andaviadon. 

In the United Kingdom there was an encouraging increase of 30 per cent in 
written premium income , spread over all the major classes. This 
improvement reflects importantly the substantial increases .n levels of 
premiums which we have been able to obtain; but « will be readily 
understood that the benefit of this in terms of earned premiums will not 
emerge fully in the accounts until next year. In addition the hardening of the 
market created a situation ~:n which we were able, with a growing 
expectation of profitable trading in coming years, to recover part of our 
market share which we had sacrificed in the unsatisfactory conditions of 

recent years. 

The property account suffered as a result of higher than normal weather 
claims and consequently only showed a marginal improvement on 1984 
with an overall loss (after attributable investment return) of £14m (1984: 
£I6m). The overall loss on ItabrTrty business of FI7m (1984: £8m profit) is 
arrived at after a significant s tr engthening of daims provisions following 
higher than expected increases in court awarded settlements relating to 
old personal injury daims during the year. Motor business was again 
unprofitable, with an overall loss of £27m (1984: £8m) and this account 
suffered from significant increases both in daims frequency and in 
average settlement costs. The overall loss on the accident account was 
£5m (1984: £7m) and induded in this figure is £3m (1984: £4m) for travel 
business losses. 

The results for .London market business showed an overall loss of £4m 
(1984: £9m). The results for proportional treaty business were almost 
unchanged but there has been a significant improvement in the home 
foreign and excess of loss accounts. H has been necessary however to 
make additional provisions in respect of asbestos related and environ- 
mental claims for earlier years. 

The worldwide marine aviation end transport account resulted in a transfer 
from profit and loss account of C1.5m (1984: £3mj. Profits were produced in 
the United Kingdom, South Africa and Australia but results in the United 
States and France were again extremely disappointing. Corrective action 
has been taken. 

Despite on increase of 14 per cent in underlying currency terms, overseas 
premium income fell by 13 per cent in sterling terms. The results were 
overshadowed by the considerable underwriting losses in the United 
States. Although rating levels increased substantially in this territory, large 
additional provisions had to be made in respect of prior year claims and 
these accounted for approximately half of the underwriting loss. 

IffE ASSURANCE BUSSVESS. Overall premium income increased by 
11 per cent to £455.5m and the shareholders' gross life profits were 
£2&2m (1984: £22_2m), an increase of 14 per cent. These figures were 
affected by the reduction in the rate of corporation tax which has the 
effect of reducing the grossed up value of life profits. The net transfer 
released from the life fund showed an increase of 21 per cent 

In the United Kingdom new single premiums of Cl 63m were 37 per cent 
ahead of the corresponding figures for 1984 but total new annual 
premiums amounted to £195m 0984: £245m), representing a reduction of 
19 per cent. The first quarter of 1984 was the last period during which life 
assurance premium relief was available on new annual premium policies 
and so the figure for the first quarter of 1985 was inevitably much reduced. 
Over the remainder of the year however 1985 production was substantially 
up on 1984. These figures exclude the new business of Eagie Pension 
Funds, our managed pension funds subsidiary, for which new annual 
contributions of £285m were received in respect of pooled and segregated 
funds and contracts of investment management 

A significant event which took place during the year was the successful 
launch of the Rainbow Bond and the seven “Rainbow rated" unit trusts 
which generated much enthusiasm from brokers. In the nine weeks 
up to the year end £17.7m was invested in Rainbow Bonds and £1m in 
unit trusts. 

Overseas life business development was very good. Overall, in sterling 
terms, new annual premiums increased by 19 per cent and single 
premiums by 49 per cent Excellent as these figures are, they are derived 
from the even better results in terms of the underlying currencies achieved 
by the major overseas subsidiaries. Australian Eagle in particular had an 
outstanding year with new annual premiums almost doubted and single 
premiums nearly trebled in local currency. 

GROVEWOOD SECURITIES. As announced on 4th March the industrial 
businesses of Grovewood Securities, excluding VG Instruments 
which is now a direct subsidiary of BAT Industries, were sold to 
Wolseley Hughes p.l-c. 

The aboveis a summary of the results forthe year. The full report and accounts 
which contain an unqualified auditors' report will be published on 21st April 
19S6 and delivered to the Registrar of Companies within the prescribed period. 

Eagle star Holdings plc, 1 Threadneedle Street, London EC2R 8BE 

■ (A member of the BAT Industries Group) 

Law Report March 27 1986 

Lord Chancellor agrees 
Bar fees timetable 

Regina v Lord Chancellor, Ex 
parte Alexander 
Before Lord Lane, Lord Chief 
Justice. Mr Justice Boreham 
and Mr Justice Taylor 
[Proceedings March 26] . 

The proceedings by the Bar 
against the Lord Chancellor 
( The Times March 21. 22, 24) 
have been adjourned generally 
with an order for costs m favour 
of the Bar. on the Lord 
Chancellor’s undertaking to die 
court to agree a timetable lead- 
ing to his making his final 
decision on July 1 6. 

The Lord Chief Justice 
congratulated the parties on bis 
hope that the solution to a very 
unpleasant matter had been 

Mr Sydney Kcmridge. QC. 
Mr Thomas Morison, QC. Mr 
Nicholas Underhill and Mr 
George Leggatl for Mr Robert 
Alexander. QC, Chairman of the 
Bar of England and Wales, as 
representative of the Bar Coun- 
cil: Mr Nicholas Phillips, QC 
and Mr John Laws for the Lord 

Mr Phillips: “We are grateful 
to your Lordships for the further 
adjournment. Discussions be- 
tween the two sides have now 
been concluded. The Lord 
Chancellor has had the opportu- 
nity to consult his colleagues. 

“As your Lordships are 
aware, the Lord Chancellor had 
already made it clear that he 
considered it necessary and 
desirable to have further dis- 
cussions with the Bar on the 
Coopers & Lybrand report” - 
commissioned by the Bar to 
establish proper fees for bar- 
risters engaged in criminal legal 
aid work - “ and on the other 
factors relevant to his decision. 

“He fell unable to give a 
commitment because his even- 
tual decision would include 
implications of matters on 
which he had to consult others. 

“He has now agreed with his 
colleagues that it would be 
appropriate in all the circum- 
stances for him to undertake to 
the court that he will meet and 
agree a timetable for discussions 
leading to his making his final 
decision on July 16”. 

The timetable was handed up 
to their Lordships. 

The Lord Chief Justice asked 
about the April 1 proposed 
regulations containing the in- 
terim 5 per cent increase in fees. 

Mr Phillips: “The regulations 
which are now before Par- 
liament will come into force on 
April I. 

“Subject to your Lordships' 
approval that the parties should 
have liberty to apply on any 
aspects of the timetable, we 
would invite your Lordships to 
order that the application 
should be adjourned generally. 

“In those circumstances we 
would submit that it would not 
be appropriate to make any 
order in relation to costs, but 1 
understand that that suggestion 
is not acceptable to the 

Mr Morison: “The Bar wel- 
comes the undertaking which 
the Lord Chancellor has offered 
to the court this morning and we 
are grateful to the court for the 
opportunity it gave to the Lord 
Chancellor to reach the position 
which has resolved the principal 

dispute to the Bar’s satisfaction. 

“Wc do respectfully submit 
that it would be an appropriate 
occasion in which to order that 
the costs incurred in this matter 
should be paid by the Lord 
Chancellor. The undertaking 
which has now been offered has 
never been offered before. 

“There was no him in the 
decision letter” - on which the 
Bar’s application was made to 
the court for a declaration that 
the decision was illegal - “that 
there was room for further 
discussion on the Coopers & 
Lybrand report or room for the 
introduction of further regula- 
tions later this year, or that the 
Lord Chancellor had any inten- 
tion of making such further 

“Nor was there any such 
suggestion in any of the 
correspondence prior to the 
commencement of these 

“Immediately after leave was 
granted” - by Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Mac- 
pherson on February 18 in the 
Queen’s Bench Divisional 
Court - “to move the court for 
the order, the Lord Chancellor 
indicated that he intended that 
discussions should take place 
but without any commitment to 
a timetable leading to a 

“ Thereafter . in order to re- 
move the need to go further in 
the action, the Bar persisted in 
an attempt to obtain such a 
commitment, but without suc- 

“Your Lordships will r e call 
that, on March 4 in response to a 
request from the applicant there 
was a meeting at which the Lord 
Chancellor was asked whether 
he would propose a timetable 
and he staled that he neither 
agreed nor refused to do so. 

“All that happened thereafter 
was that, in a letter of March 7. 
the Lord Chancellor indicated 
that he hoped discussions on the 
Coopers & Lybrand report 
would be completed by the end 
of June but without any 
commitment as to the timing of 
his eventual decision. Even that 
indefinite timetable was h e d g ed 
about with qualifications. 

“Even then the Bar pressed 
again for a firm timetable but 
this was declined. It was only 
after his counsel had nearly 
closed his case and in the light of 
your Lordships’ comments that 
a firm binding timetable has 
now been offered. 

“In our respectful submission 
it is plain that such a timetable 
would not have been forthcom- 
ing apart from these proceedings 
and the Bar can properly say to 
your Lordships that it had to 
come to your Lordships’ court 
to get it. 

“Apart from these proceed- 
ings the Bar would not have a 
commitment that the Lord 
Chancellor is now prepared to 
give. The Bar is, in our sub- 
mission. entitled to say that 
these proceedings have achieved 
that which the Bar was unable to 
achieve through representation. 

“I should emphasise that 
what the Bar has now been 
offered is what and is all that i he 
Bar sought to achieve from these 

“Had the Lord Chancellor not 

been prepared to give the under- 
taking which he has now given 
to the court, the Bar and your 
Lordships* court would have 
been put in the position of 
having to ask for and to make an 
order against him. which if 
granted in the ordinary way 
would have attracted an order 
for costs in foe applicant's 

“The fact that he has now 
voluntarily given that which 
was being sought, in our respect- 
ful submission, should not alter 
foe position. 

“It is the Bar's belief that as a 
result of this undertaking foe 
proceedings will effectively be at 
an end although obviously for 
technical reasons they are to be 
adjourned with liberty to 

“We. therefore, invite your 
Lordships lo make an order for 
costs, which in this case simply 
relates to foe not insubstantial 
solicitors’ costs which have been 
incurred so far as foe Bar's case 
is concerned." 

Mr Phillips: 1 do not propose 
to say anything about the facts. 
This matter is being adjourned 
generally, foe Lord Chancellor 
having given an undertaking to 
follow an agreed timetable. We 
submit that, in those circum- 
stances, foe appropriate course 
would be for no order to be 
made in relation to costs. 

Their Lordships retired. 

The Lord Chief Justice, on 
their Lordships’ return: “Ad- 
journed generally. Liberty to 
apply. Applicant's costs. All that 
remains for us to say is to 
congratulate both of you on 
what I hope is this solution to a 
very unpleasant matter.” 

Solicitors: Lawrence Graham; 
Treasury Solicitor. 

The agreed timetable: 

] The Lord Chancellor's 
Department now to notify Coo- 
pers & Lybrand of all current 
concerns about their report. 

2 All other factors to which the 
Lord Chancellor considers re- 
gard should be had now to be 
notified to foe Bar and the Bar 
to raise any other factors which 
they consider to be relevant. 

3 The Lord Chancellor’s 
Department and Coopers & 
Lybrand to meet immediately to 
set agenda for further meetings 
and the Bar negotiating ream 
and the Lord Chancellor’s of- 
ficials to complete discussions 
on the report and on all 
outstanding issues by May 30. 

4 The Lord Chancellor to in- 
form foe Bar by June 27 of any 
changes which, having regard to 
these discussions, be is minded 
to make to the regulations. The 
Lord Chancellor will indicate 
the reasons for his proposals in 
sufficient detail to allow the Bar 
to make appropriate 

5 The Bar to have the opportu- 
nity of further negotiations in 
foe tight of these proposals 
before foe Lord Chancellor 
makes his decision. 

6 The Lord Chancellor to make 
his decision by July 16 and to 
provide at the same tim e a draft 
of any necessary regulations and 
to -proceed forthwith with the 
process of making any such 

Intentional hostile touching is 
sufficient to prove battery 

Wilson v Pringle 
Before Lord Justice O’Connor, 
Lord Justice Croom-Johnson 
and Lord Justice Balcombe 
(Judgment given March 26] 

An intention to injure was not 
essentia] to an action in battery; 
it was necessary to prove only an 
intentional hostile touching of 
the plaintiff by the defendant. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment, allowing 
an appeal by foe defendant. Ian 
Pringle (a minor by his father 
and guardian ad litem Gordon 
Galley Pringle) against an order 
of Judge Wilson-Mellor. QC. 
who, sitting as a judge of foe 
High Court on October I, 1984, 
had ordered judgment to be 
entered for tlx: plaintiff Peter 
Wilson (a minor by his mother 
and next fiend June Wilson), 
under Order 14. rule 3 of foe 
Rules of foe Supreme Court, in 
an action for trespass to foe 
person (battery), alleged to have 
been committed in 1980 when 
foe defendant jumped on foe 
plaintiff at school, as a result of 
which the plaintiff had sus- 
tained serious injury to hiship. 

Mr James Wadsworth, QC 
and Mr Nicholas Davidson for 
•the defendant; Mr Peter 
Weitzman, QC and Mr John 
Mason for foe plaintiff 

JOHNSON. delivering the judg- 
ment of foe court, having 
considered Wearer v Ward 
((1617) Hob 13S). TubeniUe v 
Savage (( 1 669) I Mod 3). Cote v 
Turner ((1704) 6 Mod 149). 
Williams v Jones ((1736) Cas t 
Hard 299), Holmes v Mather 
((1875) LR 10 Ex 261) and 
Stanley’ v Powell ([1891] I QB 
86). said that it was neither 
possible nor desirable to ignore 
the distinction between torts of 
negligence (which had evolved 
from the action of trespass on 
foe case) and torts of trespass 
properly so called. 

The first distinction was that 

in negligence any physical con- 
tact was normally (but not 
always) unintended; in trepsass. 
to consume a battery it had to be 

Not every intentional contact 
was tortious. Deliberate touch- 
ing by way of self-defence or 
with consent, express or im- 
plied. or in innocence (for 
example congratulory backslap- 
ping of a century-scoring bats- 
man) was not actionable 
baueiy. .An essential ingredient 
of trespass to the person was 

The defendant, relying upon 
Fowler r Loaning {[1959] 1 QB 
426. 439) and Letang v Cooper 
([1965] l QB 232, 239), had 
contended that not only the 
touching but the infliction of 
injury had to be deliberate in 
order to constitute battery. 

Lord Denning’s judgment in 
Letang, with which Lord Justice 
Danckwcrts had agreed, was 
widely phrased, but had been 
delivered in an action where foe 
only contact had been uninten- 
tional and the court had not 
been concerned with the point 
now made by the defendant. 

The plaintiffs submission, 
that it was the act and not foe 
injury which had lo be in- 
tentional. was correct: it was the 
mere trespass by itself which 
was foe offence. 

What turned a friendly touch- 
ing. which was not actionable, 
into an unfriendly one. which 
was? In Collins v Wi/coek 
([1984] I WLR 1172, 1177-8) 
Lord Justice Robert Goff had 
drawn foe so-called defences to 
an action for trespass to the 
person under one umbrella of “a 
general exception embracing all 
physical contact which was gen- 
erally acceptable in the ordinary 
conduct of daily life". 

Thai rationalization ex- 
plained and utilized foe ex- 
pressions of judicial opinion 
which appeared in foe authori- 

ties and was illustrative of the 
considerations which underlay 
an action for battery, bm it was 
not practicable to define a 
battery as “physical contact 
which is not generally accept- 
able in foe ordinary conduct of 
daily life”. 

When was a touching to be 
called hostile? Hostility could 
not be equated with ill-will or 
malevolence, or be governed 
solely by foe obvious intention 
shown in acts like punching, 
stabbing or shooting, or by an 
expressed intention (although 
that might be strong evidence). 

The element of hostility must 
be a question of fact for the 
tribunal of fact. Where the 
immediate act of touching did 
not itself demonstrate hostility 
foe plaintiff should plead the 
facts which were said lo do so. 

.Although all were entitled to 
protection from physical 
molestation, we lived in -a 
crowded world in which people 
must be considered as taking 
upon themselves some risk of 
injury (where it occurred) from 
foe actsof others which were not 
themselves unlawful. 

If negligence could not be 
proved, it might be that an 
injured plaintiff who was unable 
to prove a battery would be 
without redress. 

It might be foal allowances 
ought to be made, where appro- 
priate, for foe idiosyncracies of 
individuals or foe irresponsibil- 
ity of childhood and foe degree 
of care and awareness which was 
to be expected of them (see 
Walmesfy v Humenick ([ 1 954] 2 
DLR 232). 

The judge had taken too 
narrow a view of what had to be 
proved in order to make out a 
case of trespass to the person; 
there were a number of ques- 
tions which had to be investi- 
gated in evidence. 

Solicitors: Mr MJ. Baker; 
Haden & Suction, Cannock. 

Date tax assessment is made 

Honig and Others v Sarsfield 
(Inspector of Taxes) 

Before Lord Justice Fox. Lord 
Justice Mustill and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given March 24] 

In applying foe lime limit 
provisions of foe Taxes Manage- 
ment Act 1970. an income tax 
assessment was made on the 
date foal it was entered by a tax 
inspector into foe assessment 
books of his district: it was not 
the date of service of the notice 

of assessment. 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in dismissing an appeal by the 
administrators of foe estate of 
Mr Emanuel Honig. deceased, 
from the judgment of Mr Justice 
Peter Gibson (The Times 
November 6, 1984) upholding a 
determination of foe special 
commissioners that a number of 
additional assessments to tax 
had been made within the time 

limit laid down in section 40 of 
the 1970 Act. 

Mr Maurice Honig. admin- 
istrator. in person; Mr Michael 
Hart for the Crown. 

Chat Mr Emanuel Honig died on 
September 5. 1966. In February 
1970 the inspector was given 
leave by foe general commis- 
sioners to make additional in- 
come tax assessments on foe 
administrators of Mr Honig's 
estate from 1961 to 1967. 

To comply with foe pro- 
visions of sections 34 and 40 of 
the 1970 Act those assessment 
had to be “made” on or before 
April 5, 1970. The inspectors 
books for 1970 contained the 
assessments and showed them 
as issued on March 16. 1970. 

However the notices of assess- 
meni were noi received by any 
one administrator until April 7. 
1970. It was argued that foe 

assessments were thus out of 

The question was when was 
an assessment “made"? By sec- 
tion 29(5) of the Act a “notice of 
any assessment to tax” had to be 
served on the person assessed. 

That wording necessarily im- 
plied that there was a difference 
between a notice and an assess- 
ment: there could be no notice 
until there was an actual assess- 
ment. The two were quite 
distinct and different things. 

The assessments were 

“made" when the inspector 
authorized them and signed foe 
certificates in his books on 
March 16 - well _ with the 
statutory time limit In the 
result the judge’s conclusion was 

Lord Justice Mustill and Lord 
Justice Stocker agreed. 

Soliciiore: Solicitor of Inland 



T here is intense recruit- 
ment activity in the City 
as the financial institu- 
tions prepare for the in- 
creased competition that de- 
regulation - the Big Bang — will 
create this autumn. 

All sectors - banks, building 
societies, insurance companies, 
security houses -have been forced 
to consider whether they have the 
people to “survive the heat of the 

Building societies, for example, 
are turning to banks to provide 
key financial specialists; while 
banks themselves are looking at 
buikhng societies for scarce net- 
work and telecommunications 
specialists. At the same time we 
can expect to see an end to me 
“cradle-to-grave" career path and 
the beginning of a freer flow of 
executive talent 
We are witnessing change on 
two levels. On one hand, there is a 
response to the acute shortage of 
high-calibre financial and techni- 
cal specialists who are crucial in all 
areas if institutions are to offer the 
range of services which new 
legislation will allow. 

And as institutions take a fresh 
approach to marketing and strate- 
gic planning, there is evidence that 

a new breed of chief executive is 
beginning to emerge- 

The need for specialist banking 
people — not just fund managers, 
lending officers and money mar- 
ket traders but also telecommuni- 
cations and networking specialists 
— has grown dramaticaTy over the 
Iasi five years. Thi* has been 
caused by the ever-increasing 
representation of major overseas 
banks in the City, accelerated by 
constantly changing structures in 
financial organizations and their 
development of new products and 

So the shortage of such key 
pe 9 ple is being exacerbated by the 
build-up to deregulation. For a 
start, the Financial Services Bill 
will allow building societies to 
undertake new operations — unse- 
cured lending, money' transmis- 
sion. treasury and retail marketing 
of securities, for example. 

Many societies have liule, if 
any. expertise in these areas and 
have been looking outside their 
industry for the necessary skills — 
mainly to the retail, investment 
and commercial banks. 

Deregulation and competition 
from all directions, including 
overseas, has also created intense 
pressure within all sectors to stay 
ahead in technology-led develop- 

The Big Bang 
has intensified 
the search for 
expertise, says 
John Richards 

merits, such as ATM networks and 
electronic funds transfer point-of- 
sale (EFTPOS). And as the need to 
exercise sound profit centre man- 
agement becomes stronger, all 
institutions are requiring instanta- 
neous telecommunication net- 
works across the world. 

Consequently, we are seeing a 
scramble for information systems, 
network and telecommunications 
experts. In particular, there is a 
shortage of people competent at 
planning and managing the sys- 
tems. with experienced project 
managers, in short supply. 

In the dealing room, technologi- 
cal advances in treasury manage- 
ment. accounting and control 

banks are turning to building 
'societies to find key networking 
specialists — creating a two-way 
traffic of skills. 

There is also a need for people 
who understand how to market 
the new financial services arid 
again a number of the larger 
building societies have started 
recruiting consultants, such as 
marketing Efipos experts in the 
computer industry. 

systems have led to an increasing 
demand for financial managers 
with a knowledge of the latest in 
banking software packages, funds 
transfer systems and information 
reporting systems. 

So far the building societies, not 
banks, have made much of the 
running in retail financial automa- 
tion. An impressive number of 
societies now have counter-top 
terminals and telecommunication 
networks and can offer interest- 
bearing accounts through ATMS, 
giving them an immense advan- 
tage over the banks in attracting 
savings from personal customers. 

In an attempt to catch up, some 

G hanges are also happen- 
ing at the top of the 
institutional hierarchy. 
Head-on competition for 
commercial business — not only 
within but also between sectors — 
requires high calibre strategic- 
thinking senior executives, capa- 
ble of implementing and 
managing changes in direction. 

A catch phrase has been coined 
to describe this new breed — the 
“intrapreneur". He or she is the 
innovative, even risk-taking per- 
son with sound commercial skills 
who can successfully take an 
organization into new markets. 

Evidence of this can be found in 
the recent wave of redundancy 
programmes by banks and build- 
ing societies to’raake room for the 

: younger, more aggressive 
executivesiiome institutions, par- 
ticularly the smaller ones who 
might not wish to afford a full- 
time whizz kid, are retaining top 
corporate planning consultants on' 
a part-lime basis. ■ _ ■ ■ 

Some even predict the stow 
demise of the “homo-grown” 
manager, with the banks, building 
societies, security houses and in- 
surance firms contributing to. and 
hiring from- » common pool of 
senior executives. 

Tltis raises interesting questions 
about the future of professional 
divisions separating the institu- 
tions. For example, can a banking 
chief be brought in to bead a 
building society without .foe. 
societies' qualifications or profes- 
sional status? ■ . 

So what are the- immefoaxe 
implications for the msthtmons 
and their employees? Clearly, foe 
financial executives with the right 
specialist skills will find them- 
selves, for foe next two years at 
least; in. a sellers* market. Their 
employers, on the other hand, are 
faced with the challenge of attract- 
ing and holding skilled staff. In 
some areas, salaries and bonus 
packages will escalate as firms 
compete for scarce skills. 

This boom m financial recruit- 
ment has been reflected by an 
increased volume of classified 
advertising and the growth in 
specialist employment agencies. 

A number ofthcspec^hstsand - 
high-calibre managers will already 
be happily employed and well paid 
and unlikely to be registered with 
recruitment agencies or respond- ^ 
mg to job advertisements. ; - *■ 
Executive search or head-fram- 
ing— because it can break down 
dds inertia and convince both 
.parties that a career move would 
be advantageous — is often going 
to be foe rally effective recruit 
mem tactic. Indeed, the use of 
search 'm the financial sector - 
and the number of bead-burners 

specializing is financial appoint- 
ments— is already on the increase. 

Finding top calibre specialists 
and manage takes at test three 

m preparation for' deregulation 
has only just started: - 
equipped in time for new opportu- 
mtira and able to compete aggres- 
sively with otter sectors and 
overseas then we have yet to see 
the real boom in recruitment. 

John Richards is a consultant with 
Jan Ashworth A Associates 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 

Appointments Phone: 01-481 4481 


SAFT (UK) Ltd. - a subsidiary of SAFT France and 
Member of the multinational CGE Croup * currently 
poised to increase its leadership in the UK for 
Advanced Battery Systems for military and industrial 
markets - are now seeking the right person for a 
newly-created position. . . 




Technically qualified with considerable personal flair 
and drive ...capable of working closely with European 
consortia. MoD Project Officers and prime contractor 
Technical Managers to identify customer trends 
in power source applications ...with an m-depth 
understanding of the relevant power sources ...and a 
business vision for defining our next generation of 

You should have an Electrical Engineering qualification 
with a minimum of three years experience in industry 
or related military environment • and the flair to meet 
the challenge of this newly-created position at the sharp 
end of our marketing initiative. 

We are offering an excellent salary with fringe benefits 
that include a company car, bonus, BUPA, relocation 
assistance and the prospect of Divisional Director status. 

Please apply in the first instance for an application form to: 

Mrs. M.A. KHIingback, Personnel Manager, 

SAFT (UK) Ltd., Station Road, Hampton, 

Middlesex, TW12 2BY. 

Telephone: 01-9797755. 



is looking for a 


Salary scale: £17,000 to £22,926 (exclusive 
of London weighting). The post is offered 
subject to enactment of the Gas Bill current- 
ly before Parliament. 


of the Council and will be responsible to the Chairman. He/she will 
manage a small staff and office in London as well as staff in regional 
offices. He/she will be responsible for formulating and presenting Council 
policy and for ensuring that the Council provides an effective complaint 
handling service throughout Great Britain. 

He/sbe will need tact, firmness, humour and diplomacy and business 
acumem to succeed in a job which involves working relationships with 
Britain Gas. other gas suppliers, media and government as well as with 
the Council itself. His/her background is probably in industry, public or 
social service. 

Proven experience of team management is essential. No special knowl- 
edge of the gas industry is required but the applicant should appreciate the 
workings and needs of a profitable industry as well as understanding the 
expectations, rights and respoinsbilities of consumers, both non-domestic 
and domestic. Experience of consumer affairs would be an advantage. 

The post is pensionable. Terms and conditions of service will be analo- 
gous to these in the Civil Service. Please apply to:- 

■ riiincifiiv'renacn etc till; 



Mark envelope CONFIDENTHAL. Closing date for applicants and CV$ 
to April IS. 

» l n*pw C lW W l»r C i «tlI hbi^i«twfcrlWII«pir Wirt *IT>iW««JIadB!ifti 
wammt W MEWT fa) pM |M fa fairti «f «Mck Hn principal t u pp fl ar wfl ba a 

prtvflM MM Bac, 


The Council invites applications for the positions of: 

Applicants must have had a This is an important new post arising from 
Substantial career in acting adraimsnamic rc-?raaai»iion. Applicants should 
and/or directing, together “ a ’[ e financial and manageriai experience, 
with a genuine interest m J , “* suecevsfiil applicant will be npectcd to 

the training of acton for ^ Smraid 

t -Ss 

s ™ mSm£!1 siAs^fcsiEHS 

^ tite PrindpaL Applications with 

ete ate S 3 ?? * 1* ***** 

ApriL Envelopes to to """" 

Diplomatic Service ^ 



... in the Research Department, London, which contributes to the 
formulation of policy advice by conducting research into past and 
current issues. This complements the work of geographical and 
functional departments by proriding a collective memory and 
continuity; analysing implications for policy as required; and preparing 
studies in depth of particular issues. Opportunities to serve overseas. 

There are 2 vacancies in the following Sections: 

Asian — The post is principally concerned with China, requiring 

experience or knowledge of the People's Republic of China, 
and competence in modem standard Chinese to honours 
degree level or equivalent. 

Soviet — Knowledge and understanding of the Soviet Union and 
requiring competence in the Russian language to honours 
degree level or equivalent. 

For both posts, candidates should normally have a degree with 1st or 
upper 2nd class honours (where divided) ora post-graduate degree, in a 
relevant subject (eg geography, history, economics, political studies, 
modem languages). Exceptionally, those without the specified 
qualifications may also be considered, butonly ifthey have other 
qualifications or experience of particularvalue to the Research 

SALARY: (under review) as Research Officer £7665 — £10,535 or 
Senior Research Officer £11,315 — £13.680. Level of appointment and 
starting salary according to qualifications and experience. Promotion 
prospects. ’ - 

For further details and an application form (to be returned by 29 April 
1986) write to Civil Service Commission. Alert con Link, Basingstoke. 

Hants RG21 1 JB. or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 46855 1 (answering 
service operates outside office hours I . Please quote ref: G/6836. 

The Civil Service is an equal opportunity employer • 

Employee Support 
for Charities 

This is an outstanding opportunity to grasp a challenge 
at high level in the voluntary sector. 

The task is to develop giving via the Company payroll, 
which the recent Budget makes attractive. Responsible to 
the Director of the Charities Aid Foundation, the role 
covers all aspects of the scheme, from research to 
implementing operations which suit donors and CAF. 

High level attainment reflecting a graduate level of 
intelligence in marketing/sales in a dynamic environment 
is a probable background. Experience in the voluntary 
sector, especially in large-scale fundraising, could be a 
distinct advantage. 

Age is not a critical factor, but the job will demand 
sustained energy and commitment. Remuneration is for 
discussion around £20.000. 

Please send personal details in confidence to: 


Victoria House. Southampton Row. London WC1B 4DH 



ESN. South' East England 

k&J Tourist Board 


Circa £24,000 

South East England, which is one of the 12 
regional tourist boards in England, wishes to 
appoint a Director to take full responsibility for 
the work of the Board in the promotion, market- 
ing and development of tourism. The area 
covered is the counties of East Sussex. Kent 
Surrey and West Sussex. 

Applicants must have had managerial experi- 
ence with a full understanding of tourism as wefl 
as knowledge of local authorities and the com- 
mercial sector. 

Application forms from the Chairman, South 
East England Tourist Board. 1 Warwick Park. 
Tunbridge Wells, Kent TNI 5TA to be returned 
by 14 April. 


N.<ii»>rul ff.dkr. PuM«7ii»>r>* i* d*? LumrnerctW ■■pt'nfion 
|. .riljt-i ijUtn V ^itindin^pubh^hin^prrijr.inuTli.' 
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tlimusdi l k ir.iu'.-jnddirifi \ markets-. 

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vvhuiik- ini.-u i m mir cu-liinr-r- .rod prmlini-. then ;.*hi 
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ti.iun-jprv-i-nt satiry. 

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Njimridl ti.ilk-n.Trnulipir Siju.ift-. UimJnn'Ut—'N .M.I.V 


Profenronal Guidance and 
Assessment for all egss. 

Ifi-Mfn. Canes. Careen 
25-3* fre Progress. Binge 
3&-S4yrt Renew 1M Centre 
Fun Satan g m free brochure. •- 

la a JO Race Ml 






Based in Central. 
London requires 
Accounts Clerk/ 
Administration Of- 
ficer. Duties include 
office accounting 
and budget planning 
reports, bookeeping 
and administrative 
duties. Accounting 
experience essential. 

CALL 01-434 4371 

Dual Role 

Economist or Statistician 

Th*“ f/ umpawy ; Rmrer Simkin Limited, tte leading unupazzy recruiting lawyers. 

The Post: To crran yl and negotiate on legal appointments. To bong a dd iti on al slabs to a 
rapidly capping organisation. 

The Parameters: 26-30 years old; a graduate; an enjoyment in d e ali n g with people; a 
personable and outgoing ream member. - 

The Rewards: Competitive salary + bonus, NO commission; BUPA etc;* most interesting 

in an iiwwiaBy friwiilly modem environment. 

The AppKcatipflS Telephone any Director or C on sult ant to discuss foe app ointm ent or, if 
pr eferred, write to Robert Macdonald with your Curriculum vitae: Re nter Sfrnkm 26-28 
Bedford Row, London WC1R4HE Tel: 01-405 6852. 



26-28 Bedford ftps. London WC1R4HE 01-405 6852 Fttc 01-405 3877 

A.T. Kearney is one of the leading international management consulting firms 
and is judged by many people to be THE strategic IT consultants. .Our work in 
this area is essentially business based and we aim to help oar clients to secure a 
competitive advantage by being ahead of the field in their use of information 

We are looking for exceptional young managers or consultants to joirTour IT 
Strategy Group. They must have a successful record of developing and 
implementing management-systems in complex and challenging environments. 
Successful applicants will have most of the following attributes. 

• Experience in IT management. 

• Demonstrable track record in IT devdopment/itnplementanon. ~ - -- 

• Good academic record and a numerate degree. ' ' ‘ “ ’ ” ’ ” ‘ ' 

• Understandmgofbusiness. . 1. .. . ” r 71 

• Willingness to contribute to the growth of the Finn.' ’ 

• Aged between 28 and 35. " 

If you meet our exacting requirements, the remund^tion package should not be 
a problem. If you want to link your success with ours, please contact: ■ . • 

Glye Hodsori, Director, A-T: Kearney liinmt&d, 

134 Piccadilly, London WlV 9FJ. Telephone 01-499 7181. 


We are one of the leading mternaiional . 
management consultancies; we are now 
looking for further first das& consultants 
and analysts for our financial 
management practice in the UK and . 

For consultant positions, successful 
candidates will be qualified accountants 
aged 28 to'35, with an bdnours degree, 
who can deraorikrate proven 
achievement in industry or commerce. 
Experience must include responsibility 
for systems development as wdl as fine 
management in the finance functioh. 
Personal qualities will include the ability . 
to communicate clearly both orally and 
in writing. 

For analyst positions we are interested in 
hearing hornless experienced people' 
over 26 who otherwise meet the profile 
indicated above. 

We offer outstanding opportunities to 
broaden your experience in a wide 

Salary to £25,005 ¥ ear 

varied pf industries and to work with 
stimulating colleagues from a number of 
disapIuie&TIiefoaroexodl^' ' 
■opportunities for promotion within Pfeat 
Marwick, for those.who.wish to pursue a 
career -in consultancy. Of particular 
interest to us az the moment are people 
wifo experience of foe manufacturing, 
totail, tfisoributirai andcal industries, or 

If you are interested in joining our 

London office and working with us in 
the UK oroverseaSrptedse write in 
confidence, endosiriga brief summary 
Of your qudlifitatiOitSand experience. 

and quoting ntferimceA/MA/8&;.tb Mike 
Cbney at Peau Marwick, Mitchell & Co., 

I Puddle Dock , BlatkfrinrSi London 
EC4V 3PD. : - 

1=1 PEAT 




jJ f sXik 


- \ # [ » | 




Initial Ea rnings 
£18,000+ - 


want to guide the business planning 
and related information systems 
decisions of major organisations. 

You want the prospect of total 
involvement from strategic business 
and information planning studies to 
systems design and installation. 

Management Information 
Consultancy is the one area that 

-.of experience and 
immediate rewards. 
. We want to meet top graduate 
Accountants —“young professionals 
who are eager to learn how to 
harness the new computer based 
technology. People who enjoy 
problem solving and using their 
creative and logical abilities to the 
. full. If you feel the need to develop 
these qualities in your future career 
then you may be the right person for 
information systems consultancy. 
Arthur Andersen & Co„ Management 
Gonsuftarits have afways specrafised 
in the information technology 
business to provide our dients with 
a competitive advantage. 
We have concentrated on providing a 
high quality professional service that 
requires the study offinanoal, 
marketing, operations, personnel 
and other key functions with critical 
objectivity coupled with the application 
of advanced information technology. 
As a result, our list of dients has 

information processing and industry 
skills coupled with interpersonal and 
management ability. The very skills 
which we now will develop in you. 

Our commitment to your 
development will be second to none 
and involves integrating formal 
training with practical experience. In 

will receive over 800 hours of formal 
training and education, mostly 
conducted at our centres in Chicago 
and Geneva. There you will meet 
your counterparts from 1 20 offices in 
40 countries, andpartidpate in a 
continuousinternationai exchange 
of ideas and experiences within the 
framework of a professional 
organisation which has over 7,000 
consultants world-wide. 

Have no illusions, this will be a 
physically and intellectually 
demanding challenge. From it, 
though, you will gain a new, wider 
perspective on professional life, 

in every major industry sector, as well 
as most government departments 
and many health & local authorities. 

Our work requires a unique 
combination of business, technical 

cross section of industries and the 
public sector. 

Promotion prospects are excellent 
and based entirely on merit; career 
and salary progression are rapid 
with the genuine prospect of 

We’re growing and successful and 
we need you to be the same. 

Please write in the strictest confidence 
to: John Maxted, Arthur Andersen & Co, 
Management Consultants, 

1 Surrey Street, 

London WC2R 2PS. 





THORN EMI, the largest consumer electrical company in the ILK. is expanding its Central Research 
Laboratories to meetthe demand fbrtorironow’s products. We are seeking Engineers axl Scientists 
fry work an our new laboratory complex which houses one of the world's most kmovative research 
establishments and is situated in the high technology centre of South>EastEngland 

Solid State 









SoBd State Physicists are required for micro engineering and fundamental 
studies into Thin Film Dielectrics. We have several vacancies, all of which 
are doseiy associated with our unique sensors research team. The 
appointments, subject!© age, qualifications and experience, are for 
positions up to Senior ReseardVPpcgect Leader IeveL 

Our rapidly expanding cfisplays activities need staff at ail levels with 
electronic systems design abilities and knowledge of surface mounting 
and inteTH^nnectiontechniques. 

We are a world force in digital, audio, video and data recording systems. 
Weheed staff at aD levels to work on riovd systems and media for 
recording, especially magnetic, but optical is of increasing importance. 

Our work fo TV Signal Processfog leacang towards true High Definition TV 
studies, unproved standards said performance on TV display Systems is 
already wetl advanced To maintain and indeed to increase this 
momentum, we are seeking a number of well qualified electronics 
engineers to make a significant contribution to our research programme. 
We would expect applicants to have at feast four years relevant experience. 
The research expertise to be enhanced includes the investigation of 
new/improved cSsplay systems and associated signal processing; the 
study of video recording techniques, analogue and digital video 
techniques. The minimum qualification for these vacancies is a BSc m a 
relevant discipline. 

Verv attractive salaries and conditions of employment with excellent prospects for career development 
are offered to ^pfcants who can make a significant contribution to the research in these fields 
For further det^fcand an application form please contact our personnel department on FREEFONE 
“Central Research'" extension 6648 quoting reference TT/1 32. 

rrj thorn emi 

l-*-i Central Research Laboratories 




Capital Markets 


£Neg. + Excellent Benefits 


The rapid expansion of this Investment Banking subsidiary of Germany's 
largest International Bank, Deutsche Bank AG, has obliged us to create the 
post of Personnel Officer. You will work closely with the Head of Personnel . 
and deputise in his absence. 

This is not a job for an 'easy-ridcr, clock-watcher', but if you have an 
extrovert personality, a creative and positive approach to Personnel matters 
and are able *o sustain pace and accuracy despite constant pressure, then 
you might fit the bill*. 

You must have at least 3 years* experience in a broad-ranging Personnel 
function (whilst Banking experience and a knowledge of German are helpful, 
they are not essential). 

The excellent benefits package and competitive salary mil serve to reflect 
the importance we attach to this role. 

Written applications only plaase, should be sent in confidence to: 

Richard Ausun-Cooper, 

Head of Personnel. 

Deutsche Bank Capital Markets Limited. 

150 Leadenhall Street, 0 _ K 

London EC3V4RJ. ■ M 8 

Deutsche Bank Capital Markets Limited 


MANAGER £19,000 + Car 


An rtertabaral ptcfca rtnowirf lar aaymq o! lacfrolocKal and cerarofua’ 

Ms m Dammit to tne vomg ACA to mfta a sens* etmsuflancv ide wtfta umpire a bated 
emrawcnis As one a m? "S^-8 it* tm can ota t»woh at unarm and emancfH cate 
PHg p e c s atm to muse these tatero mmptanert ssca isporsMty 

Coventry Office 

+ Company Car Midlands 

A matoD netted orokssonai r, rawed by a fats®* wt H ndnq ireoulaftu«g/conaiudKr 
conouiy The seccesstol CsvKUie wS De iW >5 demoiKiraie a ttiory d ache«e>T«ii and 
A*anc«oeni *ehr tnt amvTuaon Kiss* tne Dad Aaounam •« De awded B 

i*ad mettmev the ofnoanys asrerd nwnaon nans ntab are d prone onomancc 
Success «d tong its wn rwaros to tne candetoe 

Erdingtoo Office 

+ Car Midlands 

{•peneret d> audd and txe«tK< admnwrairen In medum wed rtera companes Oatuta I 
mflhar » pacta e me badmuno km rel»(J> me. presqots fam no* geeks to croud a 
ouahfed ACA Dear mnunq and adnmcJnMe aotty msi aatUnfl dtotomacy and narage- 
mew skdfc tne ipi&tt. mi oe iagh, anu- pmspeos tor Wure oromoun ast rends ouasaied and 



Coventry Office 

North Midlands 

Uantanang cumpany d Wemaireral mute setts degree bd engm aa to aw os praduct 
itewm and hanoe proiece at aH sages turn urcepfcai » condemn Apan iu Eigmeenng stabs 
tie pop aha encompasses mucus anotary fl«jf*nes such as proaneroeM tad an weoB 
compienensoo a hnancat ana adwnstwwt mattos. 

£14,000 + Car 



An oBortunty to pal the automaton (Uresm d the onto leading rautadun* The post 
encompasses the design d arm'd seteme; to marael hsxBng systems and the asstraed PlC 
seterere. togana me superman moral swig ana control d Me sutMErtradJog and comms- 

wwq A imnun quafttattn d KU) 6 i«ju*ed caoded <*tt> relevant control sys&is 

Nottingham Office 

Nottingham Office 


£15,000 Staffordshire 

Has mart* leading manntactumn company sent a yourq tpoWed ACMA «tti npaxnce d the 
mandaoung mdusvy teponw to the Duet Aoxuatanl and Mrtng as pm d a dynanc 
accounting team the posted demands troth sound cowna peitomame wd a taqH degree d 
coapder svdems taiwedge Ratnd progression s artastad Inn ntol apportmtn n the 
cm onentiMd mdmtouai Eaxlenl MMong erawnaeot m aa attncMt rud tocaton 

Erdington Office 

my sen a yam tuasmeo mw hdi npaxnce a me 
the CM Aoxuatanl and Mrtng as Mil of a dynanc 
Doth sound coding perirnnance ana a h0i degree d 
ngiession s anhevatod Inn ntal appomtoxn w the 

The above positions have outstanding career prospects and carry excellent benefits. For Farther 
information applicants M/F should telephone or send a comprehensive c.v. to the repsective regional 



Barclays Bank PLC require a Chartered 

Fngm^ mtafcg«prhepnsrnf Engineeri ng 

Manager in its Property Services Depart- 
ment-South Regional Office, based in 

The successful applicant will be a 
corporate-member of one of the major 
engineering institutions. Ideally, they will 
have served an engineering apprenticeship 
followed by design experience, operation 
and maintenance of building engineering 
services coupled with Managerial expertise. 

The duties will indude conceptual 
design of the engineering content of major 
projects and detail design of smaller ones, 
the vetting of engineering designs and 
drawings prepared fay others, briefing of 
consultants, engineering project manage- 
ment and control of subordinate staff 
engaged in the operation and maintenance 
of engineering services in a group of budd- 
ings for which the job holder will hold 
overall responsibility 

Salary w31 commence at £16,052 per 
annum and is subject to annual review. 
Additionally an annual bonus is payable 
and there is a wide range of benefits 
inducting non-contributory pension 
scheme, profit sharing and a special 
housing loan facilities scheme, after a 
qualifying period. 

Application, giving details of qualifi- 
cations and experience, should be made to: 
Mr P W Cooper 
Head of Personnel and 

Property Services Department 
Barclays Bank PLC 
B r i tannia House 
16/17 Old Bailey 


Applications are invited for the position of 
Secretary to this ancient almshouse charity. The 
function of the Secretary is the general manage- 
ment of the charity- The successful candidate will 
be an experienced administrator with an interest 
in the welfare of the elderly and preferably with a 
professional qualification. 

Salary in the region of £19,000 pa. according to 
experience- There is a non-contributory pension 

Please write before Ilth April 1986 for job descrip- 
tion and application form to: 

The Secretary, 

St. John’s Winc hester Charity, 

1 SL John’s North, 

The Broadway, 


Hampshire, S023 9BD. 

Organiser of Group Holidays 
For Childrea and Yoong People 

A ivaiom l mstkaJ dsnty. atich organises group hoddzjs for 800 
d«*oc dteiw and yoong wade every ym. sotted by volunteers. 
weAs an araaiaser is brtteen 28 and 35. A quafcfiCdliM A teacang 

a social work would be (tenable. He/she mat haw enwrencd of 
•noticing writ) ctotoren. admrosntne abbiy and will work wtrtw the 
Youtti DeMRiTwn. A wUngness to trow imp die liK and to work 
asocial hours a pea season is essentoL 
Saiarv wfl be n me aiea oi FlbOOO oei annum. aEcordingto age and 
noerenee: thee s a non-ammtidoiy pension scheme me pcs! s 
based a me London Heado amax Leave enntBTia n s totn wetiis m. 
For flatter tens please rente to. 

The Persmna Officer. 

British Dates fts s oeam n . 

10. Queen Ante sues. 

London W1M 060 

Gtosng date for appbeauns:- Apra Km 1S86 

Successful Manager? 

your full potential 

The London Executive Programme is for 
managers who have established themselves as future 
leaders within the organisation. During the challenging 
ten weeks they spend at the UK’s leading business 
school, they master new skills of analysis, negotiation, 
implementation. This experience benefits participants 
in one of the most productive and creative phases of 
their careers. 

It is a cosmopolitan programme. A third of the 
participants are based outside the UK. They are 
selected to achieve a balance across industries and 
sectors. Each course makes a working visit outside the 
UK and for the next course this is to Eastern Europe. 

The London Executive Programme. 

Applications are now being taken for the October 1986 
programme and for the few remaining places on the 
April 1986 programme. 

Geraldine Jackson, London Business School, 
Sussex Place, Regent’s Park, London NW1 4SA. 
Telephone 01-262 5050. 




Salaries to E28K phis car 

Touche Ross & Co, one of the world's largest and most progressive 
firms of Chartered Accountants, is experiencing significantgrowth in 
the demand for it's Audit and specialist Audit Services. 

Exciting career opportunities exist in:- 


Applicants should be Chartered Accountants, aged up to 35, with 
relevant experience in public practice, in financial 
institutions or in the corporate finance department of a large 

Career prospects for ambitious candidates with partnership 
potential are excellent 

Write or phone now to Raymond Hurley for more information at- 

Touche Ross 

The Business Partners 

Touche Ross & Co- 

Hill House. I Little New Street London EC4A3TR. 
Telephone: 01-353 801 1 


Wired for nnWVf handbag 
and luggaw Hi. 

KnKtttBonOK Musi tie mlfiust- . 
<t$iK and sets mouvaiM Good. 
Hi and t on m non* Phone 839 
SSlS on Sdlvrtfw or after 


cl.] inr wiMiwnFmi. 

lure Lid See Creme D* La 

CVS profnnoiiMiy written. 
CtKJitr a i «t»!e. Vim tem. 
Tri PMS an 02406 3387. 

A medium sized professional partnership with offlCK In 
WC2 wishes to appoint a manager to support (he partners 
in the administration of the Rrm. The manager wfl] under- 
take general administrative duties but will not have role In 
relation to accounts. Experience of word processors and 
modern office machinery generally win prove a dtsnnct 
advantage. Satary and toms fay ar rangement. Reply to 
BOX E18. 


ill! PHcf Waterhouse? 

If you area Chartered Accountant 
or intend to qualify soon and you are 
really determined to establish your 
career, here are the reasons why 
other equally ambitious and talented 
people have joined PW: 

• Practical experience based on 
an organisation structure designed 
to give you assignments withawide 
variety of leading businesses in an 
sectors of the economy. 

•Training in management and 
business skills as an integral part of 

•Career development 
outstanding opportunities, 
generated by continuing growth, in 
general practice, tax, insolvency, 
computer audit, the public sector 
and consultancy. 

• International client work within 
the UK, with unsurpassed 
opportunities to work abroad. 

If you share our determination 
to succeed by meeting the highest 

standards of professional excellence you 
can find out more by reading our 
booklet “Career Development in PW" 
Please contact your nearest PW office 
or mail the slip below to: 

Mike Jennings. 

Price Waterhouse, 


32 London Bridge Street, 

London, SEt 9SY, 

Tet- 01-4078989. 

Senior VAT Consultants 

Salary up to £ 25 ,QOQ+Car 

ecentty formed an 

Price Vffaterhouse 

Offices in: London. Werteen. Birniioshan, Bristol, Cardiff. Dudley, Usmter. 

Liverpool. Manchester. MitMleshnnifili. Newcastle. Nottingham^Southan^oo and^rs^ 

We have recently formed an 
International Trade Group, an 
experienced team of tax partners 
and consultants, which provides 
integrated tax services to clients in 
the fields of VAT, Customs & Excise 
Duties, and international and US 
Expatriate taxation. This exciting 
development within s large 
international accountancy practice 
has created further challenging 
career opportunities for senior 
VAT specialists. 

You should have either HM 
Customs & Excise training and 
experience, at HEO or SEO grade, 

the ability to commu- m London and, whee^n^rafo. 

nicate with senior management refocabon exposes wB be paid. 

You will be responsible for. . Pteasew ^K. n cahSdence. with 
consultancy assig nments forc&ents detailed CV to 

ranging from large international johnRTbwneol. 

companies to small businesses.. price Vfeterhouse. 

You will be expected to liaise . Southwark Towers, 

extensively with other parts of the 32 London Bridge Street, 

PW practice and to demonstrate LondonSEIBSY . 


Please send me a copy of your booklet “ Career Development in PW n 

To: Mite Jennings. 

Price Waterhouse. 
Southwark ifc were. 

32 London Bridge Street. 
London. SE1 9SY. 

Price Witerhouse 

Career opportunities open up as 
Sun Alliance Group moves into new era 

Now that the surfs 
here, your career 
prospects are 
brighter than ever 



If you're set on having r" / . 

a better-paid, more slim- \ f 

ulating, more challenging \ l/jf 

career, then recent events \ y/ s«m 

at the Sun Alliance Group are v // 
certain to rank as the hottest \/7 
news you'll read in today's paper. 

VVhat you might not be ausre of is the 
feet that Sun Alliance has joined forces with 
Phoenix Assurance Group and Property Growth 
Assurance to form one of the most powerful 
financial organisations in Great Britain today. 

Sun Alliance Investment and Life Services, 
one of tile Group's vital national sales teams, 
are offering excellent opportunities to people 
who’d like to succeed m the UK's feslest- 
gruwrng and most dynamic industry. 

If you join us as one of our direct sales con- 
sultants. youH be trained t<> give people valuable 
advice on how our plans can help them And 
you'll benefit from a career which promises 
unlimited earnings potential, first rate promotion 
prospects and lifelong security. 



\ If you're aged between 25 

\ \ pumUi / and 55 and believe you 
VnA / can make it in Britain’s most 

5 amc Y\ /''exciting business, please call 

■ptf \\ /ox write to us in complete 
“ NX/* confidence for a Career Briefing 
.ippuintmenL But hum; Now that the 
news has leaked out you won’t be the only 
one who wants to head for the Sun. 

Contact Derek Forbes on 01-680 0606. 
Or write to him at Sun Alliance investment 
and Life Services. Leon House, High Street. 
Croydon CR9 1LU. 

Sun Alliance 

Investment, & Life Services 


A member ot ifw Sun AEun:e Group. 



Central London £negotiable 

Accountancy Personnel is the market 
leader in the Specialist Recruitment of 
Accountants and their staff at all levels in 
commerce, industry and public practice. 
Committed to sustained growth, we offer 
sound training leading rapidly into an 
exceptionally progressive career structure 
with all promotion from within, providing 
stimulating and rewarding responsibilities. 

To join one of our successful professsional 
teams you should be 21-28. self confident 
educated to degree level and ideally have 
accountancy or commercial experience. 

Contact Richard Wallace on; 

01-834 0489 
Accountancy Personnel 
6 Glen House, 

Stag Place 

London SW1E 5AA. 

Salary c. £lVOOO London 

This Is a Motor pm bon at The ImUlute of Marine Engmen. 
Ml Mcrnabonal kerned soettfy wm over 16.000 nwmban 
tn uw Marine and Oitthore tad mints 
Suitable applicants win have had nunaonnml and pubusn- 
rxpenmee with pra'cr a oly an enomeenno srtaice 
■ratal jvj. The successful canduie win lead a learn of 10. 
InioliM with tastmae poMcaBom, book sales, cottierences. 
exMUtMKand Km library inturnutuui wrwf. Nwveontnb- 
utory pemton and BUPA. 

Send fun C-V to. 

R- C. 80000. 

hMttnta mi Marino rwifosw, 

78 Mark Lana, 

London EC3K 7JM. 

01*481 8493. 



Apphcanam are required for ihc pan of ArrodynamicKi - 
Prospective appKcanu mint hare a good background in 
juiiomoore cnpneenng. reseairti and development Espenem* 
m low-speed »rad -tunnel testing mm moving pound plane 
would be beneficial. A general knowledge of setemilk comrauer 
programming is required. 

Applications in writing in: 

Dr Mia P Davis, 

Ketterittgham Hall, 

Norfolk. NR1S 9RS 


liiiii - 


fe-i. ft 

§1; mM 


Ljlw; v»,«* + v ** ■** y 

How can we expect%nthusiasm and initiative 
if you’re just another cog in the system. 

3 Ciu 



A major UK. consulting company is 
seeking consultants to work in their 
expanding Scandinavian practice. 

The successful candidates, who will 
probably be in their early twenties 
should be highly numerate, fluent in 
Swedish, English and preferably one 
other European language, and recently 
graduated from a leading Scandina- 
vian Business School. 

Specific business experience will be 
less important than a consistent 
records of academic excellence and an 
ability to learn quickly. Remuneration 
will reflect that exceptional quality of 
the chosen candidates. 

Applications, in writing, with full cur- 
riculum vitae, should be sent to> 
Claire Curthoys 
Devonshire House 
Mayfair Place 
London W1X 5FH 

Ar Citicorp Investment Bank's Technology 
Division - IPS, we have no ‘cogs.’ 

What we do have are teams of highly qualified 
systems professionals, up, in whose abilities the 
success of the division depends. With this in mind, 
it's easy to see why we .ire regarded as pioneers in 
the field of banking software systems. 


In Qcruber thi* year, the London Stock Ex- 
change will go Through what manv arc describing 
a> nothing le» than a revolution. To rhe financial 
sector it is known simplv as the ‘Big Bang.’ 

But fiT those who are able to get involved, the 
opportunities and competition will he erxirmous. 
As will be rhe need fur Technological innova- 
tion and integrated software systems to cope. 
£15,000 TO £40.000 PLUS 
To this enJ. we are looking for a number of 
highly qualified svsrems professionals to join the 
IPS Division in London. Fnigrammers will need 

2-5 years' experience in .PASCAL. FORTRAN. COBOL 
or B.ASIC and perhaps have used S0LM.ANT15 or 
NATURAL If you have more experience, much 
the better - we are looking for some very senior 
people to»x 

Analysts should have good experience in dara 
analysis techniques and business processes. We 
are also particularly interested in .'senior 
people with an extensive knowledge of data- 
base management, dara dictionaries, real-time 
systems, microcomputers or technology planning. 

But equally - resourcefulness, drive and 
initiative from both men and women alike. 

Depending on experience, expertise and level 
of responsibility salary and benefit packages will 
range from £15,000 to £40.000 or more. Benefits 
can include low cost mortgage, non- contributory 
pension, personal loan and car. . 

To pnnide. you with detailed descriptions of 
the jobs, and the levels of experience we are 
looking fur. we have prepared a comprehensive 

information pack including a floppy JisL* Just 
complete the request befow or ring 01-935 9461. 
Lines are open today. 


I To: Gricorp IrwestmentBank. | 

. do PO Box 78. Caraberiey GU15 3DL 
I Please send me ydur mforniaDCm pack. .1 


I Postcode— _Tei.No. ! : I 

j Tjjft wno mfabdn l>ri » CJKB u IBM PC-XT AT -mb DOS I wl j 

If you prefer, send a surfiinary of tout career 
experience to: C P. Moss, IPS Division, Crricorp 
Investment Bank Ltd, 335 Strand, PO Box 24 2, 
London WC2R 1LS. ... 

Gticorp hnvesrmerit -Bank. Wr're doing more 
in financial computing than ynuil ever .imagine. 



will shortly have a vacancy for an 


for the translation of financial, economic 
and other technical texts form French, 
German and Italian and the 
revision/editing of "English" texts. 

Age range: 25 to 35. 

Qualifications required: Good degree 
from a British university, perfect com- 
mand of English and a sound grounding 
in economics, very good knowledge of 
French, German and preferably, Italian 
and several years’ experience in 

Attractive salary, pension scheme 
and other ancillary benefits. Interested 
applicants are invited to write to the Per- 
sonnel Manager, Bank for International 
Settlements, 4002 Basle, Switzerland, en- 
closing fun personal details, references 
and a photograph. 

Applications will be greated in strict 

and framing 



Southwest London 

nm aim 
uiv ir\ i»u 


Brown & Root 

Q IV BWstfB imu*luu Chnnaanq 

'V ■ , . 

Brtwn and Rnol i-> one oT 1 be wxid'skadinp ;fflJ . . 

mcw^rcexJulesijjiremng companies. - 

Vyc are eomniflied l«> otpandtng our actrvjtnrs boih in 

further expkntationpf the North potential and in 

the contiittied devekymwni of ou r Land Based business. 

The efl epsivc variety of these auwhics havCTenied 
excdleni oppoitmn tie\ fm >vtoig. amhrfksK iteonnel . 


you wiD have 



Financial Systems 



' V 


I** 1 

i r 

- ! 













wwImDCL m oa Son OSJI 
HUtaralCSA fidST ■ 

jdmiral fa an in de pende n t privately owned 
^Jsystems and software company with proven 
Expertise in the management and design of 
■software systems. With the emphasis on qua&cy 
and growth we provide an environm en t chai is both 
somuJanng and demantfeig. 

■ The company has a prestigious fct of diems in 
me financial. defence and energy sectors. 

Admiral is now expanding teactrwoesfri the 
financial sector; based from its Cty office (n the 
heart of the square mile. The company is seeking 
to recruit wefl qualified personnel to play an active 

part in jts growth pbns. For atUevek a degree and 
®*perience in real-rime, orviinc systems vyiB be ' 
required and for more senior positions, a 
knowledge of the Securities Industry or 
International Banking systems wifi be essential. 

If yo u are interested in a career with a dynamic 
cwpany where your contrfjution and 
commitment wi be rapidly recognised, then 
contact Terry Jones an 
Admiral Computing Limited, 15 Victoria 
Avenue, Camberley. Surrey GUI5 3JH. 

Tet Camberley (0276) 61 167 & 6S26SI 




Our client is a world leader in the business 
systems and office equipment field. Their sales 
targets for 1986 are extremely high and therefore 
they only wish to recruit the best keyboard sales 
specialists in the business. 

You must be aged 25 •— 35 years, have experience 
in keyboard sales and now be ready to join the . 
elite team of one of Britain’s top business 
equipment companies. You must be totally 
professional in your selling approach and have 
ambition and drive to succeed in these demanding 

In return for these qualities, our client offers a 
tremendous benefits package. 

Write in the first instance to: 

John E. Holmwood 
Agency Manager, 

JRA Advertising, 

Sun Life House, 

3/5 Charlotte Street, 

mT/hb 161 ’ ADVERTISING 

The Personal Computer 
Recruitment Specialists 




The IBM PC Market Place continues to offer the most exciting future 
for DP Sales Professionals. Our clients, the cream of the PC Industry, 

. : rrnnmiCDTmTtT C AT 1*0 lUTE'XT Jlr TOrVMTJTM 

WHO WISH UJ uuuuuu uucu — — — — v “ - - - 

develop a career within a rapidly expa nding , dynamic, profitable, 
secore but demanding and challenging company is paramount 

Our clients are the 'Blue Chips* of die PC Industry. If you are a 
'Blue Chip’ of the DP sales profession, these are some of the 
opportunities we can talk about 




OTE to£30K 

CONS ULTANTS: (to succeed with n s) CT1 IS to 

CX fSTOMER SUPPORT (London & Surrey). 

■ . .laapa rinw Kli/Kal 

Furihf jetibniiat Mnwlmi p«l> Hd iimUi Mkm 
oarkcv pioev imSadmc oirr 450 im job. 

- ptoiw i*lc<tMalOI i ZOO 0200 1 * i me to<.iHBU)i Huuvr. 2-4 KiunfttwnCMc. Sheffield b. I 4JH. 

Financial Controller 

£15,000 London Wll 

Required by Siifeilo Lid. a company ai the forefront of the 
audio video comm unicat ion s/ p rom oti nns market. 
Responsi bib lies include the full accounting function and 
genera) office management. Wife seek a first -rate qualified 
Accountant with sound senior level experience seeking a 
new challenge in a growing company, ideally a mature 
candidate s^mgseconaranrer opportunity. 

Send Rill cv to: Robert Harrison, 

Chairman. Stiletto 
Communication!! Ltd. 

122 Holland Park Avenue, .%|| 9£~| 9 
London W1L CTl.MVfjll.tJ!? 

Technical Sales Manager 

To £14,000 + car St Ives, Cambs 

Armour Cases Limited, leader in specialist packaging, are 
seeking a Technical SdJes Manager to head up a sales team 
selling to MOD. prime comracion> and customers in the 
electronics, enejnee ring and aerospace industries. The 
successful candidate will have had experience m this 
market and be conversant with MOD procedures. Hc'she 
will also have the aNIitv to motivate and control the sales 
team to further develop this growing 
it of the business. 

ease send fall cv to: Mr RM Whitfield, 

Sales Manager, Armour Cases Ltd, 

London Road. Stives. Cambs pf 

PE174EY. fer 

Maintenance Controller 

c£ 1 2,000+ 

SE London 

My client is a well established chemical process 
manufacturer. Reporting to the Chief Engineer, 
responsibilities include all plant and equipment on site and 
ensuring optimum pi ant operation and machine 
productivity at all tunes. .Aged 30-45 you ideally win have 
an HNC or equivalent. Supervisory experience gained in a 
production/ process plant and equipment environment is a 
pre-requisite. Experience of hydraulics, pneumatics, steam 
generators, etc, is essential ana ideally this will be 
combined with instnimenutioa'electronic knowledge. 
Send full cv uk Alison Webster, PER, 75 High Street 
Ottslehuist, KentBR7 SAG. 

Contracts Manager 

c£ 1 8,000 + car Based Thames Valley 

John G McGregor! DeuHopmenisjLld. a subsidiary of a 
sizeable property and construction group based in 
Edinburgh are market leaders in private sheltered housing 
in Scot land. Planned expansion has created this new 
opportunity in Southern Encjand. Based in Rcadingand 
accountable to the RegionafDi rector your prime 
responsibility will be tnc oversight of construction of 
sheltered housing developments in the region. You will he 
working with main contractors, agents and sub- 
contractors. and other professional team members. Aged 
35-45. qualifications in construction or quantity surveying 
would be an asset, but praci icai site experience i n multiple 
housing units is essential. The salary is negotiable to reflect 
the experience offered. 

Send full cv tu: Carol Prat ley. Regional Manager. 
Management .Selection Division. PER. 20 The Butts 
Centre. Reading RG1 7QB. 

[ f\S c GREGQR 

Engineer For Management 

c£ 1 2,500 Southern Hampshire 

This well established expanding company who are brand 
leaders in the manufacture andpackapng of consumer 
goods are looking lor an ambitious, enthusiastic Engineer 
with management pmenual who has the drive and 
motivation to take adiantuce of the excellent management 
opponuniues likely to be offered within a relatively short 
period. Duties wtitmclude production protects on newer 
unproved machinery, investigations into manning levels, 
materials or maintenance problems. Applicants should be 
aced 25-58. with a decree or eouivaleni in enmneerme 

ck ground win be at least three yi 
experience of highspeed production machinery in an (meg 
environment. The company offers non-conriibuiorv 
BLTPA and pension scheme, subsidised canteen and a 
pleasant South Coast location. 

Contact: Bernadette Carr. PER, 62-64 High Street. 
Southampton S09 2EG. Tel: (0703) 38211. 

Works Engineer 

Attractive salary Cheshire 

A well established autonomous subsidiary of an 
international group, my diem manufactures plastic 
packasinggoods for a range of household name customers. 
A Works Engineer is now required, to assume 
responsibility for the entire maintenance function of the 
purpose built factory, to plan the long term development of 
high volume injection moulding plant and machinery and 
to ensure the successful operation of a planned, 
preventative maintenance programme, with a total budget 
of around £200.000. Candidates, aged 35-45. should be 
qualified to KNC/HND in electrical or mechanical 
engineering with several years' relevant experience. 

Send foil cv to: John SmS h, PER, 7 5 SanlLey Street, 
Warrington WA1 1SL. 

Bakery Manager 

c£15,000 + car East London 


confectionery and bread, maintaining the company s 
reputation for good quality and mvestigatuig production 
methods tomaiumire productivity ana efficiency. The 
appointee. aged 3(Mtl. will bean accomptished manager 
with the ability to take an overview haring spent at least five 
years’ in management Experience gained within a bakery 
of confectionery production is essential. 

Send fiill cv. htj^ilighting management expertise, to; 

Miss Jo Hughes. PER. 71 High Street. Chislehurst, 

Kent BR7 SAG. 

Build On Our Success 

Excellent opponuniues to join a successful company 
supplying top quality products used in the construction of 
some of me UK's most prestigious building projects. 

Works Manager 

c£13,000 Telford, Shropshire 

In a role which encompasses control of all operations ofa 
new. fully automated production plant, you will be 

lole for maintaining renowned product quality and 


ring procedural efficiency from the receipt of raw 
:nais to finished goods loading. Continuous process 

experience is essential ( preferably brick, foundry, forging, 
refractory or metal industries), together with a working 
knowledge of computerised control or temperature 
measurement equipment, and good staff management 
skill* Ideally aged -5-40. 

Regional Sales Manager 

Attractive salary + car Midlands 

Leading and directing a small sales team in a role which will 
also involve you directly in sales and servicing of existing 
and new accounts in the southern part of the region, you 
will need a comprehensive knowledge of the construction 
industry, five years' good negotiating experience, primarily 
with architects, and the drive to maximise business 
potential throughout an important territory. Excellent 
salaries and very competitive benefits packages are offered 
for the right candidates. 

Send fiill cv to: Janet Roberts. PER. Halkyn House. 
Rhosddu Road, Wrexham LL11 1NE. 

Senior Contracts Engineer 

c£l 2,000-£ 14,000 + car Gloucestershire 

The UK subsidiary of a leading manufacturer of 
uninterruptible power supplies, frequency conveners and 
specialised electrical dnve systems seek to recruit a Senior 
Contract Engineer. An enviable reputation and customer 
base has been established in the computer, 
telecommunications, aircraft and marine industries. The 
position involves both commercial and project engineering 
responsi bihrv for schemes and contracts incorporating 
UPS systems (battery based) and associated products 
including perhaps diesel-generator plant through from 
acceptance of order to lino! site installation. Aged 30-45, 
applicants must have appropriate experience and 

qualifications preferably leading to corporate membership 
of the fEE. This important position in a lively, developing 
company, commands a salarv level negotiate enough to 
attract the right calihre of applicant. Other benefits include 
a company car. contributory pension scheme and 
relocation. Send full cv tu: Paul Smith. PER. Grosvenor 
House. Station Ruad. Gloucester GL I 1TA. 

Corrosion Engineers 

Excellent salary + benefits Aberdeen 

Occidental is one of the few- major oil companies in the 
North Sea who can offer you the valuable experience of 
working with bol h onshi *ru and offshore production 
facilities. We would like to appoint two experienced 
engineers to further improve corrosion control methods 
developed Tor existing facilities and to undertake critical 
roles in the evaluation and specification of new- materials 

You would be 

monitoring methods an 
reporting and development of technical and economic 
scullions as a result of failure analysis investigauoas. 
Additionally you would prepare material specifications, 
including those covering welding materials, for new 
developments and for the maintenance of existing topside, 
subsea and onshore facilities. You should hold a degree in 
preferably metallurgy or alternative! v materials science and 
will have acquired a minimum of three years' industrial 
experience. You must have u detailed knowledge of welding 
materials and procedures and familiarity with offshore 
operations would be advantageous. In addition to a secure 
but challenging future. Oxy can offer you an attractive 
salary and comprehensive benefits package including 
pension scheme, life assurance, private health plan, 
subsidised staff restaurant, sports and social dub and in 
appropriate caws generous relocation assistance. 

Please write enclosing a lull cv to: George Foh ler. 
Employee Relations Department. Occidental 
Petroleum! CaledomalLimiied. OXY 

1 Claymore Drive, Aberdeen AB2 8GB. 

International Area 
Manager - Automotive 

Attractive salary + car Notts based! 

Required an experienced sales person, fluent in German, to 
set! an automotive componem to OEMs in Germany and 
the Low- Countries. Interested'.' 

Phone Pam Stidkney, PER, Nottingham on 

Purchasing Manager 

Excellent salary + car North London 

Required by tight manufacturing company to head 
purchasing and siocfc control functions. Responsibilities 
rndude overseeuic £3 million annual hudget and extending 
computerised stock control methods. Applicants with 
relevant senior management experience. 

Phone: Tom 1 Culptn. PER, London North, on 

Engineering Manager 

Salary negotiable + car Lincoln I 

Butter hall Foods, part of the major international Beatrice 
Group, are expanding further into the poultry- market with 
a programme of continuing capital investment. This has 
created an exciting opportunity for an Engineering 
Manager. You wiUiniaallv manage plant, equipment 
services extensions and improvements from conception to 
commission. Thereafter you wiff lake fall responsibility for 
all the on-site engineering t unctions at our high vofame 

' _ ' on red uct ng cost s and 

engineering. A minimum of five years' all-round 
experience, including refrigeration, is also essential and 
should, ideally, have been gained from a similar 
environment Your record of achievement will preferably 
show an ability to combine managerial and technical skills, 
emphasising budgetary control, planning/ applications, 
improvements, energy conservation ana preventative 
maintenance measures. Relocation expenses will be paid in 
apmpriate cases. 

Please write or telephone: Bob Carlyle, Personnel 
Manager. Buticrball Foods. Beatrice Swift Ltd. Moorland 
Close, Lincoln LNA 7JN.Tel: Lincoln (0522) 685080. 

For an informal discussion please ring Nigel Wood on 

01-580 7988. or write to 

PC Resources Ltd./Morley House. 320 fiegent SI. London W1R SAS-- 
TeJ- 81-550; 7988 (24 hr) 


West Midlands 

From £20,000 pra. + Car + Benefits 


raters Limited, the 
highly successful m anufactur er erf 

hand-held mteoHComputera. anniy 
established as a market leader tn 

tins conn try and also selling 

The successful candidate win 

be experienced in producing 

medium quantity electronic 
systems to exacting quality 
standards. Husky products 
employ advanced surface mounting 


technology, precision mechanic 
confttrocHon and whatare probably 
the world's most robust computers, 
so experience in these areas is 
essential- Alfto desirable is 
■ experience Of Defence quality 
standards. Far Eastern materials 
procurement and the abffity to 
control a rapidly expanding 
manufacturing activity in an area of 
technology innovatiou- 

ptcase write to Richard \brcoe. 
GC. A P- International Limited. 

Bedford Row. London 
VVClR4ftF, enclosing a copy of year 

curriculum vitae. 





Our client, a leading career 
management organisation, offering 
unique services, wishes to appoint an 
additional member to their senior 
consultancy team who will be totally 
accountable for successfully managing a 
portfolio of senior executive clients. 

You will already possess proven 
communication skills, be 

administratively able with a flair tor 
organisarion and will preferably be 
currently working in the personnel/ 
training function, although this is nor an 
essential requirement. You will probably 
be aged 40-52 and hold a professional or 
graduate qualification. 

The role demands strong personal 
qualities and candidates should be 
authoritative, persuasive, independent 
and able to apply analytical skills to 
problem solving. 

A highly competitive salary is offered 
and applications are invited for this 
excellent career opportunity for suitably 
qualified candidates. 

Please apply in confidence with C. V. to: 
Stephen Mawditt, 

Managing Director, 

Senior Management lnj 

Euninve Swanb Cun «*i Irani* 


Landi-cer Hou«e, . 

19, CharinR Cn»- Read. LONDON WC-H l ES 


Ai British Nuclear Fuels pic. we are determined not 
only to maintain but to expand our role as one of the 
world leaders in nuclear fuel cycle technology. To this 
end a substantial investment programme totalling £35 
billion is currently underway which requires new 
approaches, not only to the Physics-based technologies, 
but also to Architecture, Building and Constructional 
Engineering. This is an opportunity for talented 
Architects (male/female) to widen their professional 
horizons, with ample scope for creativity and originality 
on an interesting variety of projects. 

As an Assistant Job Architect you will be responsible 
to a Senior Architect lor work on a wide range of 
building projects, involving supervising technical staff and 
liaising with external consultants and internal specialist 

Yau should be a registered Architect andtor hold 
Corporate Membership oi the RIBA with at least two 
years professional experience. You must be a good 
designer and be able to demonstrate a sound 

knowledge of building regulations and other statutory 

These posts are based at our new headquarters at 
Risley. wrthin easy motorway reach of the major north 
western conurbations, where housing is readily available 
at realistic prices. A further post is based at Seliatield. 
Cunibna in the Site Aichitects Office. Seliatield is 
adjacent to the Lake District National Park with its many 

We are offering salanes within the range 
£11. 200- £13515 (including guaranteed bonuses), 
together with a range of benefits, including relocation 
assistance where appropriate. 

If you feel ready to broaden your horizons and can 
make an immediate impact in this important area, 
please write or telephone for an application form quoting 
reference 0618/T to - Mrs \fera Williamson, 

Personnel Officer. Room A121. British Nuclear Fuels pic. 
FREEPOST. Risley. W&mngton. Cheshire 
WA3 1BR Telephone Warrington (0925) 832000 
Ext 2041 or 3197. 



We require an experienced person to lake charge or our South of 
England Sales. 

This is a challenging opportunity for an energetic person to join a small 
but enthusiastic team. 

The successful applicant will receive a basic salary, commission and 
Other benefits. Please write with fait C.V, to: 

Mr ; Stephen Grant 
Yarn works Ltd 
4lb Floor 

Waring & Giilow Building 
London W3 OTA 


Circa £14,000 + Car London based 

As a market leader m young fashion footwear we operate 
tranches anc concessions m pnme locations throughout Ihe 
UK Oui ream success reeuUsd m the estatasnment of a new 
tramng department and we ate now seeking an eipenanced 
training ptolessional lo conwiue Ihe development and 
expansion oi me training role 

The wn encompass a* Training ft Development activities 
incHKttng design and implementation o< a variety o' 
programmes (a cover iiKtvrqual and group trainvrg needs 

throughout "w company- 

Tras K a demanding posmon requiring an mnovatrve approach, 
wet deverowd interpersonal 9k«s and a nipn oegree or sen- 
mosvaiun CareJidaws idaafty 26-40. must &e esiaottsitea 
professionals with a or own m«jrd Of success. A practical style 
■s more bkery lo succeed than an academic appioaeh 
An picrifen* salary and Denote package is ottered and where 
necessary, rerocanon assistance may ccwserad. 

Please write with ful career detaOe te 

Mrs Kov DarUtg. 

Personnel Manager. 

Faith SnoeB. 

B School Hoad. 

London MWtO STD. 



* , • p 
* > 




I 7 H*# f 


Britsh businesses are changing fast Nowhere are ths 
advances swifter nor more sweeping than in London — the worfcTs choice of cumpa! 

Di'gSaSartstending technology ideally supports the 
ambitious business objectives of companies operating in London. Mfchei NotaeK, 

As our information systems base broadens, so we need more 
software resources for our existing and potential clients. 279 

CrMtiiW, committed, commercial and comrounicathre 
profpssianals are needed at various kraals, inclutfing: Foranappfcatffi 

Software Pre-Sales Specialists, Software Support 
Engineers, Business and Technical Consultants. 

Whether you have acquired your experience in a user 

environment with a software house, or with a computer 

manufacturer, we offer the challenge of a wide s pectr um of 
applications including commuriications, office automation, 
database management and financial systems And.of course, 
our sys te ms cover the complete range of markets represented 

inLond set you free to think and put your own ideas into 

action, give you the scope to progress hn whatever direction your 
talents dictate and plan a personal and professional development 
programme tailored to your individual capabilities and needs. 

BASINGSTOKE - (0256) 56233; BIRMINGHAM - (021) 3556111; BRISTOL - 

(0454) 517676; EDINBURGH- (0506) 413241; EPSOM -(03727)296^;^ 

READING -(0734) 853067; WARRINGTON -(0925) 815050; WEUNYN -(043871) 6111. 

Equality of opportunity at Digital 

choice of company car. prospects and fast 

moving as you make than. *. .. 

If you c^provjdetechnkal solutionstobi^^ 

in Lr^on.pteasws^acargasBcurr^ 

Mlchfl Hqftfj la—fci ihOt mm u fisi 1 nfi'm Mmwwi 


279 Tottenham Court Road, London W1P9 AA. . ; • 

Other software oppo r t uniti es apaEtthroughoutPie UK. 


■ yVe. did.' A^id>LiCcessui! selling; madeasNumoerpnc'' ' 
,r h jn s ta ntSe r/i ce?1br R eia i : ■ 0 y l 1 e is - a R'O' th e wo."! d 
^V r l.- • Now due-l&tit^K'nAmiq eXp*$sien we' have . . ..V ./ 

■ j '^.outstanding ppporttib^es *qp A trr. ced. hyrripef or me** and ■ 

vvqrnen t:q d^ctiTie . ' ; Y: Yv. ' 


We <ve o' -r r**r-r ■> t :r : nr" 

vif’.! . Yc 70V — 1 v'?/.? rsv: prAzr:. :..:c:ee.:i n ?. . 
YcYovi ^ v rany.'rop^noi-o r:-e vr 

•r\ -:va hi Y ^rne: tj: 

J' : . , 

CAP. C“" C"0‘i£lrp!* r„->.p?Cl 10 c<; : 0 A O' 

- £"7000 o a. pi Pud -'e:o e.-ceoies. 

YYrY.^rxfY;' noos^.aoc'ln'-the * <*-:d ?: 
:o.£r.e:’or c£ Y 5c' t? 7C0 ho o. e r ;. 5 l'- ~ . 

, "o-; ipdds;'. i.T.rprpceq^tO^rv: gt^iS - 
■ r * ’ani-j-ag.e :c Ieoh idee or ?ei>cr: ‘e ; • 

.D'.rec*cr cn-y -r'lT **000 or ■. Ait v. P.n 
0 ' ii C.V R. ' 

*- ..-.Krf Hajre.Cno.A.1 ^v.ic;>-?.co.d 
• i.c;.dpo5\vS 5BA. . • ' ’ . • 


Britain's largest selling newspapers. The Sun, The News of the World, 
plus the biggest colour supplement, Sunday Magazine, have vacancies in 
their Advertisement Sales Department. 

Previous sales experience is not necessary but it would be to your 
advantage if you have media selling experience on a national newspaper 
or magazine, or have worked in an agency media department 

Applicants will ideally be between 21-26 years of age and should possess 
an arresting personality and must be aWe to convince us of their need to 
develop their own sales abilities within a competitive environment 

Ideally, you will live in London or within easy travelling distance. 

A progressive career with one of Britain's most exciting newspaper groups 
and a generous salary scale await die successful applicants. 

If you wish to take the first step towards joining this exciting team, call or 
wnte (enclosing your C.V.) to: 

Bin Goody 

Administrative Advertisement Manager 
News Group Newspapers 
200, Gray's Inn Road, 

Tel 01-833 7217 


A highly successful company 
involved in the field of 
Marketing/Promotional products. 
Due to rapid expansion, several 
new positions are available from 
JUNIOR through to 
If you are a person with intelli- 
gence and initiative and prefer 
interesting and responsible work, 
telephone without delay. 



TELrfM 402 5071 


We are kwMng for a sotiettor to become associated 
with our weU established and rapkOy expanding 
international practice. 

We anticipate that the successful applicant win 
have a first class honours degree from a 
recognised university and a tnlnhnuni of two years 
post -qualifies Uon experience with leading Ctty 
firm. The position b demanding. K will involve 
advising on all aspects of corporate, commercial 
and related legal matters and may also involve 
advising in relation to private trusts. 

The starting salary win be negotiable. A minimum 
of pounds 37.500 per annum may be expected and 
thereafter substantial annual reviews based on 
performance. Prospects are excellent. 

There are no personal taxes in the Cayman Islands 
and living conditions are very attractive. 

All applications should be in writing with a curric- 
ulum vi tae and p as sp ort adzed pbodgrapb addressed 
to Anthony Travers, Maples and Calder. P- O- Bo w 
309. Grand Cayman. Cayman Islands. British 
West Indies. Interviews wm be held ta London. 


You haw bo doubt sen vacancies for financial management 
consultants and haw pethaps wondered wtal exactly das emails. 
In a lot of cases ii means sdHne Life Assurance. Pensions, and 
Inscsi mem Plans. However, at Allied Dimfaar h means a lot mot 
As one oF the counbVs Largest Financial lnshlulionv we are in a 
unique posuion to oner our diesis a complete integrated range of 
financial services mdudiitg Portfolio Management and Banking 
Services. CoftsamcflUy we require people of mugnty lo win for i 
career in Hits under sphere or financial management eoosuliaiicy. 
As we spend over C million pa. on our Tnuaing programmes, w 
arc m* so much conned with your hacfcgnmKL as with a 
successful tract record, and above average amiiry to cooimuai. 
cate, and a determination 10 succeed. 

We consider wdl Pained totally profcsSM«] people crucial to the 
future of our business. 

If sou live in London. Home Comma. Sooth Coast. East Anglia. 
Midlands. Edinburgh. East Central or North East Scotland - 
DIAL 100 TODAY and ask for "FREEPHONE 

- and speak personal y to one oF our Branch Management Team. 



THE RNaMGal management group 

J >ixLa6 



Applicants mustjiave an intimate, knowledge _of the 
woriang of tHe. Iloyd’s industry and be of senior 
standing, having warmth and strength of characte r, 
complementary to the Company’s business style and 
philosophy.. ..... . . 

In . addition .to generous salary and benefits, it is 
intended that the appointment will lead to a director- 
ship y with the holding company. 

Please apply with full curriculum vitae to: 

Mr B J Warren - Chairman 
Crawley Warren (Holdings) Ltd 
• ■ 8 : Lloyds Avenue:* 

London. EC3N 3HD - 




• v ... FfodbComwafl has consistently beenone of Local Radio's most 

— — . . . .poputatstations based large fy on its insistence on focainess. The 

. . .poplar stations based largely on its insistence on focainess. The 

News Editor will be expected to continue in this tradition and build 
ftlEWQ EDITOR on 3yeaig intensive local news gathenng from the River Tamar to 
nEW^EWiivn the Isles of Sdfly. 

Responsible far the editorial control of the Station's news aid 
Radio Cornwall ctareni affairs output, you will organise staff and resources within 

Truro budget to meet these commitments. You may also be required to 

012,311 — £15,976 report on major news stories. 

Plus aRowanceot £971 lLa. We look forconsidarabls journalistic and broadcasting 

experience, sound editorial judgement, experience In Loral Radio, 
a knowledge cff the area, and you will need to live dose to the 

*-? — ;* . - * stucfos: Goodmicrophone wioe and current driving licence 

essential. (Ref.9460/T) 

The challenge: cwering sport in Hufl — Britain’s Rugby League 

_• ’ capital— and the count's top soccer teams. 

SPORT'S You wffl be responsible tor the preparation and production of 

DDfini irpo sports items for buflelins.and current affairs programmes, including 

rnUllUvCn interviewing, reporting, pres en tation and commentary. There will 

also be invoivementin pubfic relations and puttctty. which wd entail 
Radio Humberside evening and weekend work. 

U||U Sub-editor or reporter level experience required of a wide range 

m qir (Hj noA - ofsports, particularly Rugby League. You will also need a good 

microphone voice and be able to operate technical equipment, 
rcos allowance® pa. . working under pressure. Current driving licence essential 8S is 
knowledge of the statiorfs editorial area andaucfience, and you 
must be prepared to live in this area. (Ret. 9347/T) 

. Relocation expenses considered. 
We are an equal Contact us immediately for appBc 

opportunities employer ^«®oje*Aa.)BBCAppo&itn 

plus executive car 

Our client Is the majorfbrce in the electronic security systems market. Continued 
expansion and acquisition has created a need for an individual who can match their 

impressive track record. • 

Division. Initially leading it to a position of group pre-eminence and. given its vast 
potential, eventually on to stock market flotation. A role that will require skills in a 
variety of fields including;SaJes, Planning. Marketing and Business Management. 

are excellent • - 

You are likely to be in your 30;s and have the strength, of character and leadership 
qualities necessary to control and motivate a dedicated management team. Ybur own 
personal drive and commitment should match your negotiating and business skills, 
ultimately ensuring that turnover and profitability targets are achieved within this 
highly competitive industry. 

far further discussion please contact our advising consultant Mike Connolly on 
fit-233 2777 (daytime) 0789 69322 (evenings>or forward your Curriculum Vitae to:- 

Expedlte Professional Recruitment, Britannia House. 50 Great Charles Street. 
Birmingham B3 2LP. T6U 021-233 2777. 

Strategic Planner 

The "Big Bang" in October will change the face of the 
City forever - and nowhere will these changes be felt 
more keenly than at The Stock Exchange. 



We wish to appoint a Strategic Planner to analyse 
market structure and competitor activity in order to 
identify new opportunities and broaden our already 
extensive computer-based services. The role will 
indude undertaking feasibility studies and system 
assessment, as an important member ot a small team. 
The successful candidate will have a background in 
strategic planning or marketing planning/analysis for 
an institution or Targe corporation, supported by a 
. degree in business, economics or accounting. 

- • Previous experience of a large system environment is 


This is a uniaue opportunity for an idea generator 
with dearly-cfefined analytical skills and entrepren- 
eurial flair to help shape the future of one of the 
world's great financial institutions in a dynamic and 
--■* -- challeng/ng environment. Excellent benefits indude 

free season ticket within a 60 mile commuting radius, 
and salary is unlikely to represent an obstacle for the 
• - ' right applicant. 

Please write with detailed CV to Russell Govan. 

LONDON EC2N 1HP TIL01-5S8 2355 

National Accounts 

: * c £13,000 p^. 

Our Client, a highly successful, leading supplier of stationery, 
labelling and associatedproducts is poised for further expansion. 

This has cre ated an exceptional opportunity for an ambitious 
professional to spearhead a major sales drive. Reporting to the 
Market Manager, you will develop existing major accounts, 
initiate and control thedevelopment of new products and 
identify potential new business. . 

This challenging post affords considerable autonomy and calls 
for a proven sales track record, sound stationery trade 
experience, drive, determination and initiative. Your 
professional expertise will amble you to make the considerable 
personal contribution necessary for the growth of tins key sales 

In retur n for your commitment they offer an attractive salary and 
bonus, company car and significant benefits package. . ^ 

Mease write with fuS cxrftrotiiig reference l974Sand 
luting any companies to whom yon do not wish your 
application forwarded, to the Admfolstration 
Manager, Riley Advertising Midlands & 

North Ltd, 11 Qarendon Street, Nottingham ' A 
NG15HR. ... /V 


towns AM LAW the locum 

A LOWOM society magazine 
nrrrtr i iimiliunril ~ilrf I — nrnn 
CV and reference* necessary. 
821 6068 

. - . ■' T " . ' ■ * . '! ! 'I ! ’ .!!» ■ ! V. I ' .U-T ' . 



Gin Stationery Whole- 
saler requires two 
experienced represen- 
tatives 26-35 years out 
to sea Ihelr outrageous 
best selling range to 
gtfl and card stoops tn 
London and South 
East England. Estab- 
lished Customers but 
vast potential for ex- 
pansion. Excellent 
salary plus commis- 
sion and car . 

01-228 0394 




Are yon wen muoM and 
arUrulate? Do you warn to 
learn the essentials of mar- 
fcesino? If you can team to 
sell video aaverasma and 
direct marketing sendees 
M Director level. contact 
David James at 
on 01-629 6696 

Basic salary agreement 

and commission 


Require sales negotiator 
for their Spanish offices. 
Applicants shoo Id have 
knowledge of property 
dealings on the Costa del 
Sol. an understanding of 
Spanish is preferable 
though not essential Re- 
ply in confidence to 


lairgitay* research and 
instruction. Native 

speakers with good 
English skills required. 
Spring 1986 

appointment overseas. 
Send CV. in confidence. 
Bor No, I822N Times 
Newspapers, PO Bor 
48A Virginia Street. 
London El 

British Standards Institution 
Technical Officers 

Technical Officers in BSI's Standards Division enjoy a unique career with a 
special land of challenge. The involvement is mainly with people, as individuals 
and in committees. The ability to plan, draft and communicate clearly, both 
orally and in writing, is a key requirement There are openingsfor Technical 
Officers in the following areas: 


We are looking for candidates, with degree and/or corporate membership of a 
relevant professional body, together with appropriate industrial experience. The 
vacancies are London based with a starting salary of £12,180 per annum, five 
weeks holiday, contributory pension scheme etc. 

For more information and an application form potential op- 
plicants are invited to contacts 

MISS E MA CARTHUR Senior Personnel 
TVTY] Officer 

British Standards Institution 

1ALIJ 2 Park Street, LONDON W1A 2BS 

Telephoned! -629 9000 Ext 3066 

Keyboard Sales 

Our client is^a world leader in the business 
systems and office equipment field. Their sales 
targets for 1986 are extremely high and therefore 
they only wish to recruit the best keyboard sales 
specialists in llie business. 

You must be aged 25— 35 years, have experience 
in keyboard sales and now be ready to join the 
elite team of one of Britain’s top business 
equipment companies. You must be totally 
professional in your selling approach and have 
ambition and drive to succeed in these demanding 

In return for these qualities, our client offers a 
tremendous benefits package. 

Write in the first instance to: 
John E. Hoknwood .. . .. 
Agency Manager, 

JRA Advertising, . . 

Son Life House, k — 

3/5 Charlotte Street, 

Manchester, at 

M14HB. _ 





15E-20E pins car plus benefits 

Intercole Systems are among Europe's leading data 
acquisition and control system manufacturers and 
have new high technology products appearing in 
1986 . 

Applications are invited from suitably qualified engi- 
neers with a background in professional computer 
based measurement and control systems. Responsi- 
bilities will include the development of existing 
business together with identification of new sales op- 
portunities in scientific and industrial applications. 

It is intended that this appointment will lead to a 
Product Manager position within the Company. 

Assistance with relocation where necessary. 

It's not worth look 

unemployed when you're over 35 t* 

At Chusid Lander we understand how you 
feel but more importantly, we know how to 
help you- We've been hdpmgthoussndstrf 
pa*yelitoyoti for many years. . * 

Chusid Lander are a group of specialist. ; 
career consultants who, for many years, 
have helped people like you realise their true 
career potential and fine their real vocation. 
We give you the advfce and gu idanca you : . 
need to get the right job for yourself. 

So just whan you might be thinking that 
nothing can help you, remember that we 
may bathe only ones who can. 

personal assessment without obligation, or ' 
mite to: The Administrator, 

35/37 Rtzroy Street, London W1P5AF, 
enclosing a brief career summary. 

UNOQN - 01-880 sm MANCHESTER 081-2280089 

MMMQHMM OaUMa.WM MOTNOUM .. 084837811 

' asnsr ' ' " 0232 *23*24 



As part of our general expansion we have created a 
number of opportunities at various levels of responsibil- 
ity for new people to join us and provide the technical 
.support to improve manufacturing processes currently used In the food industry and take the 
industry into the 1990’s. We therefore have an immediate requirement for well qualified or 
highly skilled professionals who have formal training as: 



Computer specialists. 

Chemical Engineers. 

Control Engineers 
Food Technologists 

Current activities include the development of sensors, expert systems, mathematical model- 
ling. -modern control systems, technology transfer and novel processing techniques. 

Applicants for these challenging posts will need to show they have the expertise, initiative 
and innovative skills to influence successfully the work Of this international food research 
laboratory. In return we can offer first class working conditions and resources ra new 
processing wing is currently being built and is due for completion in November 1986) and an 
outstanding future for the right candidates. Starting salaries will be related to ability and 
experience, up to £l2k for Scientist grade. £15k for Senior Scientists and £20K for Principal 

Written applications with CVs - andcuiTent salaries please to: 

A Las lair Henry. Personnel Manager. Leatherhead Food Research Association. 

-Randalls Road, Leatherhead. Surrey SCT22 7RY. 

<-*ftaasasB?Bll«BI'Si^8 l ?f II 2? ► 

3 ' 

Ground control 
for high fliers 
in a nosedive 



bK v/S 


Anita Roddick: 
Formidable example 

Jennifer D'Abo: 
Exceptional ability 

If Mrs Thatcher had gone into business 
instead of politics, she would probably 
have been on someone's main board by 
now — but it Is unlikely that she would 
have got as far as being managing 
director of a leading company. 

Despite the example of such formida- 
ble entrepreneurs as Anita Roddick and 
Jennifer D'Abo. women in senior 
management jobs are still a rarity. The 
ones who have made it, have had to 
show exceptional ability to get there, 
more so than male colleagues at a 
similar level. 

That is probably why there arc 
relatively few women on the books of 
career counsellors, says Pauline Hyde, 
whose firm is one of several organiza- 
tions providing individual mid-career 
advice and help with job-hunting 
techniques, mainty to redundant execu- 
tives who have been earning £20.000 a 
year and upwards. 

Sanders & Sidney, another firm in the 
same business, has about five per cent 
women clients, which is probably a fair 
reflection of the percentage of women in 
jobs at this level Both specialize in what 
is called “outplacement". They work 
directly for employers who for one 
reason or another have had to part 
company with senior people, but who 
want to help them find another job 

Thar is not always easy for someone 
who might have been demoralized by 
the circumstances of departure and who 
often has little idea of how to identify 
and market bis or her skills. Putting 
those things right is the task career 
counsellors set themselves. They do not 
claim to find jobs for their clients, but 
metaphorically pick them up. dust them 
down, find out where they want to go in 
career terms and show them how to get 

Sanders & Sidney is considering 
adding a woman counsellor to its staff. 
So are the career problems of women 
executives different from those of their 
male colleagues? 

Genie Hart of Minister Executive, 
says: "The initial reaction to losing a job 
can sometimes be more emotional. 
Women who’ve got to the top have not 
only had to work exceptionally hard, 
they've often had to make great 
persona] sacrifices to get there, such as 
making a choice between marriage and 
children or a career. 

"Thai is often tied up with a strong 
psychological involvement with the 
employing organization. For a woman, 
losing a job can be like a bad divorce. 

My first job as a counsellor is to help 
them get that aspect out of their 

But though women take this situation 
more personally than men. they also 
recover from it more quickly. Pauline 
Hyde says: “They show the same 
qualities in the job search that took 
them into senior positions in the first 
place." The view is confirmed by Derek 
Edwards, of Sanders & Sidney, which, 
as well as counselling, offers clients 
secretarial services , individual offices 
and free telephone calls to anywhere in 
the world, if they are relevant to the job 

He saysTOur women clients are 
better at taking full advantage of these 
facilities. They also tend to work harder 
at ‘contact development', which is a 
central concept of career counselling. 

"At senior levels. 70 per cent ofjobs 
are never advertised; they are filled 

Godfrey Golzen on the 
outplacement trend 

through personal contacts and word-of- 
mouth recommendations". 

In the course of this process. Mr 
Edwards has found women more intu- 
itively perceptive than men about the 
"chemistry" of an organization. 

Most counselling firms offer clients 
the use of an office in town and at least 
some form of secretarial back-up. It was 
this that Mary White (not her real name, 
because people are still sensitive about 
the idea of having gone through career 
counselling) found particularly useful in 
the early stages of her search. 

She said: "It was a shock to have to do 
without the structure of an office. I’d 
always had secretaries, people to take 
messages and so forth.” ’ 

Another aspect she found invaluable 
was being asked to write her own career 
history, highlighting her achievements 
and the kind of work she had most 
enjoyed. "It was the first thing they 
asked me to do." she said, "and it 
focussed the direction of my search right 
away. I'd never thought about my life 
quite in those terras.’’ 

Mary found a job within two months 
at a better salary than she had been 
earning before. It must be said that as a 
qualified chartered accountant highly 
articulate and with international bank- 
ing experience, she was easy to help. The 
period more usually quot ed as the time 

it takes a typical female connselling 
candidate to find a job - that is, 
someone between 35 and 45, earning 
around £20.000 a year - is three to four 

Despite equal-opportunity 
legislation, Mary believes that inter- 
viewers are more sympathetic to men 
out of a job. She comments: "The idea 
that a man is a more deserving case, 
other things being equal because there 
are wives and children to support, is 
often an unspoken thought . 

Mary was offered outplacement by 
her firm. She was somewhat surprised 
when 1 told her how much it had 
probably cost the firm - about 15 per 
cent of the salary she had been earning. 
There are counselling firms that also 
offer their services direct to individuals. 
But the VAT element is not recoverable 
nor can the cost be set against tax, as is 
the case with employers, for whom 
career counselling is a fairly cost- 
beneficial way of doing the best they can 
for people they have had to let go. 

Mary admitted that in the heat of the 
moment, her first reaction vyas to refuse 
her firm's offer. . But she decided to give 
it a try, although she reserved the nght 
to choose the counselling organization 
herself, rejecting the one originally 

She said: "I got advice from head- 
hunters and acquaintances who knew 
the recruitment field. When yon go for 
interviews and start ringing round for 
contact meetings, the status of the 
counselling firm is very important. 
Some are known to be more discrimi- 
nating than others in the clients they 
take on.” 

But where do high-flying women go 
wrong in their careers? In Mary’s case 
the problem was that she had simply 
gone on too long in the same job. It is 
not uncommon for women to find that, 
when it comes to the next step up, a man 
is preferred. 

"Women invest all their energies in 
doing the job well" she says. “They 
think less than men do about where it 
fits into the overall pattern of their 
career and therefore how long they 
should stick in a particular job or with a 
particular company. One thing that 
counselling has taught me, is to define 
my objectives and to check that the job 
I'm doing slays in line with them." 

• The third and lost article on jobs in the 
media is due to appear on Monday, April 

Merchant Banking - Corporate Finance 

c£l 7,500 + benefits 

Many of the UX’s leading Accepting Houses reqi^ reandy 
qualified Chartered Accountants to join their established and 
highly profitable corporate finance departments. The successful 
applicants will work in highly demanding environments being 
involved, at an eariy stage, with acquisition and merger studies, 
share flotations, corporate advice etc. The benefits and pro- 
motional prospects offered, combine to present a highly 
attractive opportunity for the selected applicants. 

Investment Bank— International 
Corporate Finance c£18,000 + benefits 

Our client, a major force in British Banking, seeks a recently 
qualified accountant m work in the corporate finance depart- 
ment working on cross bonier mergers and acquisitions- The 
successful applicant should be prepared to travel extensively 
throughout the world particularly in the U-S-A. and Europe. 

Interested applicants should contact Victoria Ward 
Krickk on 01-404 5751 at Michael Page City. 

39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B5LH. 

International Capital Markets 

to £25,000 + B enefit 

Wfe are acting for a major U.S- faveretnent bank.'iymufr 
^ nanrfm g i»* capital markets activities- Opportwriraw ***** ™ 
nevdy qualified A-C-A-’s to join highly spccialyd-tem 

marketing, negotiating and structuring swaps and od*r capii*J 
markets transactions- Candidates, aged 24- 28.^ wiil b*ve rcrong 
inierpcretmalski^aiidbehi^ilyseff'ntoiiva^ , -J 

International Project Finance 

to£2Q,0004- benefits 

A prime U.K, merchant bank series a rwndy quriified 
, l , j i u >« e d accountant for ire International Division- The sue* 
a pplicant will be involved in identflymg, flniCBnfagand 
advising on methods of funding for m^or worid wkfe projects. 

opportunity foe these with she c e rormtrn eat and 
ability to succeed. " ' 

- Interested applicants should contort Andrew 

St e wart on 01-40* 5751 -at Mktori Page City, 
39-41 Parker Streep London WC2B 5CIL 

Michael Rage City 

International Recruitment Consuhaiits-London Brussels New^^ Sydneiy ' 
Ainen^»oftheAddisaiftgePLC^oi^> ■- 1: ^pii 



FPS ixa leading firm of financial consultants and because of phenomenal exnaggopia 1986 is 

looking for outstanding individuals to compliment its London based team of p rofessionals . : . 

The right individuals (aged 23+ and based in London) will be energetic and intelligent, highly motivated, 
hardworking and able to abrorb new Ideas quickly. ; i .. 

Full training mil be provided. 

Remuneration expected to be in excess of £15,000, and lead to management in the first year. 

This is a superb opportunity to develop your own business and career path in a growing company and in an 
exciting industry. 

For further details phone the Recruitment Manager on 01-836 7333. : 

Our client is a successful and expanding small practice in North London. 
They are currently seeking to fill the following key positions:- 

Tax Consultant 
Full Time/Part Time 
c£20,000 + car 

ACCA/ACA/ATII qualified. Experience of solving complex corporate 
taxation problems is essential. The applicant should preferably have been 
trained in a large Taxation Department and possibly hold a key position in 
that department You will establish Taxation Department within practice. 
Consideration will be given to an applicant working 2-3 days/week on a 
consultancy basis. Partnership prospects exist 

Audit Managers (x2) 

c£20,000 + car 

Ambitious ACC A/AC A trained individuals preferably with a large Company 
background. Partnership prospects within 3 years. Reporting direct to 

Audit Seniors (x2) 

c£1 2,000 

Qualified, time-barred or part qualified - 3-4 years audit experience is 
essential. Promotion prospects excellent 

“The art of taxation is sato pluck the goose that the 
maximum number of feathers are obtamedivith the 
minimum amount of hissing ! •’ .•••••.••r ■ 

North American 

Please telephone Jonathan Grantham 
quoting reference JG0142. 


Our fast-growing and profitable North A merican Ranking TVppi +m<»n*- seeks 
executives to work on and help develop our North American business. 

The ideal candidate will be:- 

• Mid to late twenties 

• Academically well qualified 

• Innovative 

• Self reliant 

Candidates should have a good grounds^ in credit and a knowledge of 
general baidring services. In addition experience in specialised hanking 
products, such as Asset Based Lending, Leveraged Buy Outa, Real Estate 
Finance, Band Enhance ment Programmes and Interest Rate Swaps would 
be of value. 

Successful candidates will work in an en vir onment which encourages * 
flexibility and an individual approach. There will be opportunities for travel 
and the possibility of a posting to one of our four U.S. offices. 

Candidates should apply with full Curriculum Vitae to:- 
Hanover Partners Limited, Box D57, The Times, PO. Box 484, 

' : feag£oibertl665 

Help wanted to feather nests 

up to £30,000 Tax Specialists 

Qjibertsstttement still rings true today. thusthere isagreal demand for tax 
specialists urhocan leeptne plucking to a minimum. 

ff vou havegoodspedalfct taxknowkdge (pmoialOTawpcrafcl your services 
nil! hem high demand. But thispleasabtsittarioii presents pattens. Yon 
need to ensure that amove will enhance yonmperieoce. enablecareer 
development and bring appreriafion fbryourpttsoaal style. 

Candidate v^MQlhrir^lk.oNsctivtoairipeitoaalitie&Cku philosophy as ' 
recruitment specialists is to view everycandidateasan individual We lake time 
to find act abant your specific reqmrfiments and togivefree and iiflbasedcaeer 

handling and their suitability for yon. They range across both the professional 
commerce aod are mainly in the£3000-£3^0C0sa^ bra(±et’njeywillteof 
interest to those who have rroentiy made the decision lo specialise or those 
whose tax careers are already developing well . 

An informal career discnsstoncan be arranged by simply . 
phoning Pad CarvossoACAwCamfiADarewsACAon 
Ot-242 6633 or send us brief details of yoor career to da teat _ 

MaqaiUan Paries, KmgshonnyHoiise^29/23lH^hHofliont, . 

London W&V7DA. 


for Banking 

£15,000 -£35,000 

Several of our clients, all top 
International Banks, are looking for 
qualified accountants with varying 
levels of experience. The types of 
positions available all offer good 
opportunities to develop your career 
within the City. 

To discuss these vacancies, call 
Tom Kerrigan on 01 -588 4303 or 
write with full curriculum vitae to 
Tom Kerrigan Associates Limited, 

20 Wormwood Street Bishopsgate. 

London EC2M IRQ. 



1^1 Ti 


S timm *:• 1 1 1 




TO £13,000 

fesse«*m at leas! one Man 
relevant accountmq 
ence you are amenity sfudmn 
ACCA/ICM A In return tar ss3 
mo&vancn and amMan our 
ctau oners me rid range d 
snxty bemTiK and career 



01 -688 2534 
HI -734 3882 


AudJi Manager;. SouuuranroiL 

JC Mj qa Apply LU Huwm. 
Accord Prranel. 0935 

ACA/ATH Bristol. Ta* Manager 
for P-rmnai /Corporate T«. 
To 1. 1 8X00.. Aouty LB 
Hushes. 0938 814914 
ACA Potential Partner Provln- 

dJi QfOcr. CtauCMtar To 
£18^00 AMHy LU Husho. 
OMS 814914 

Accountants. Caram. 

£*3.000* Apply LU Hugtm. 
0036 814914. 

Owmac-Pmoiul Tax. War- 
WlCfcltatrt. Cl 4X300* Apply I It 
H uunas. 0936 814914 

I Tax Specialists I 

P Legal and Accountancy Professions I 

The broad base of our recruitment operations enables us to offer the 
widest possible range of opportunities to tax specialists. 

Our clients include firms of accountants and solicitors, financial 
institutions and public and private companies, both in London and in 
the provinces. 

We are experiencing an increase in demand at all levels for hi^i calibre 
solicitors, ACAs, and Inland Revenue Inspectors wishing to optimise 
their career potential. Prospects exist to partnership level. 

If you would like to find out more about die positions we can oiler 
please call Laurence Simons (Legal Profession) or Mark Brewer 
(Accountancy Profession) on 01-831 2000 (01-485 1345 evenings/ 
weekends) or write to diem at Michael Page Partnership (UK), 

39-41 Parker Street, London WC2B 5LH. Strictest confiden- 
tiality assured. 

Senior Accounting/ 
Financial Control 


UK & International 

Corporate Tax £3Q-£35,000 

(Creative financial skats a pre-requisite). ; . ’ 

Audit v.neg£2O-£35,0OO 


Fof foe above 3 vacar«^i»ntact BrytfflS^« or Brian Gootiu 

Operations Managers £20-£35,000 

Jwraftan Wren is currently hamffimj a number of senior bperc&onal positions on 
behalf of its major efients. We would [foe to tear from candidates with extensive 
relevant experience, preferably gained witfi London based international banks, 
ideally covering foreign exchange, accourts, loans, ete. 1 - 

I LmknWre 


Michael Rage Rutnership 

Internationa] Recruitment Consultants 

A member of theAddisanlbgfFlCgroup 

Senior Credit Analyst £18-£25,<MM> 

S u c c essful international bank requires -a highly experienced barker with a 

kiwi nye t a: o-vO yvaJS. i Re 

pared Id reorganise an active department of six analysts.; 

r Credit Analyst V- \.V- 

_ ropeanbank seeks an experienced CredftAnafystv^Tffloerfen 

within a banking envhonmenl ideally aged^ ^between: 21-25 yssSTiwi 
w31 assist marketing offceo in butinass assessment : v ?i 

An ran -^4 — « aaiW l_ . •- a . • t • _ . 


Recruitment Consultants » v 
170 Bkhopsgate, London ECZM 4jLX. TeL 01-62$ 1266 




- 4 N 



■ ** ■ 

( ‘vA 

1 • . to- 

ii^M. * J?SK® «moPE 

Nsi’Ui Atlantic Trtsty Orgnalsatiwi 

near Mona, Belgium ggggN 
tetta experienced 

shorthand/typists IMF 

£?ii5? £? < ^ ver y ear * of age; good education to 

t" 0 Jea**’ office experience; 


weeks paid annual leave plus borne leave every 
rwo. years. 

Shape offeo chaltengnigwork in nm rrerifo "-. 
.a! environ menL comm uni ty Bfe -and- social 
acmnttts and many sporting facilities are avail* 
able on the Campus. Shape is ideally located on 
the continent with good, connections with the 
u.JC and many European towns. 

giving full particulars should teach 
s^^saa-1 pc. Shape, BFPO 26, within ten . days. 
Ofnoal- application forms will only be sent to 
suitable . • ■ ’ 

potential candidates. 

Tcsts/inierviews will be hdd in Edinburgh. Scot* 
.land,, during. .May . 1986 and only suitable 
candidates win be invited. 


The Cromwell Hospital, a prestigious acute cam 
hospital situated between Kensington and Earls 
Court, a seeking to recruit Medical Secretaries 
in several of its Out-Patient Departments 
Mature applicants with proven audio and 
shorthand skills, preferably with MEDSPAR 
qualifications, should have at least 3 years' 
previous experience in a verv busv 
environment. Non-smoker essential. 

A competitive salary will be paid and benefits 
are in line with the best m the private sea or. 
Please write with full career del ails or 
telephone for an application form lo 
The Personnel Department. Cromwell Hospital. 
Cromwell Road. London 5W5 OTU. 

Telephone: 01-370 Al J3 ext 5527. 


Cromwell Hospital 



The Classified Advertisement 

Depar tme nt 

Will be Closed on 

Good Friday and Bank Holiday Monday 
Advertising for the issues o£ 

Saturday 29«fc March 
■ Moreday 31st March 

T— day 1st April 
Wednesday 2ad*AprS 

Must be placed by: 

Thursday 27th March by &OOfUt 

Cancellations and Aherations for the above issues must be 

made by 

Wednesday 26th March by &OOpm * 

RING 01 481 4000 




A demanding and very varied role as the 
sodal/personai and business secretary to young 
company director. 

Must be 26-35, socially adept, literate, with 
excellent shorthand/typing skills. Preferably 
public school educated. 

Starring salary £9,000 plus car/car expenses. 
Dress allowance. 

Please ring Henrietta Smyth on 01-235 3278. 
(No agencies) 

lastftut* of Midki l Labo ra t or y S eine— 

12 Queen Anne Street. London W1M OAU 


£8,500 - £9,500 

Own Office 

G6od education, ««rin ud shorthand «wn* and exercise at 
meticulous are required Wort: cfiuU drvdop in accord an ce 
witt aptitude. 

Apply in envHope marted “ConfidenuaT. 



We are looking for an experienced 
SECRETARY/PA to help run a busy and 
varied editorial operation.With over 400 new 
books per annum, the emphasis will be on 
the people, and on liaison with other depart- 
ments. A degree would be helpful, but not 

Please apply in writing, enclosing a cv and 
details of current (or last) salary to 






c£ 10,000 

A long established highly successful British com- 
pany marketing a range of systems office 
furniture seeks a manager to run our recently 
refurbished West End showroom. Tbe successful 
candidate will be extremely versatile, have a 
lively personality and enjoy customer contact. 
Typing would be an advantage. 

Please reply to: 

Sales and Marketing Director, 

Pontefract, West Yorkshire, 





Busy residential estate 
agents need an 
unflappable, outgoing 
secretary with Word 
Processor knowledge 
and good typing skills. 
Must be able to cope 
with a full workload 
and look after our 
clients. Salary in the 
region of £8.500 p.a. 

Please ring: 

Richard Rawlings 
01-731 3388 




for West Bod 
Old Master 
Very feed oanditjonsi for 
rigtu person. Please apply for 
particubn Ui tbe HEIM 
GALLERY. 58 Jermvn &, 
SW1. Tel: 01-133 0688. 


Designer company based in the Kings Rd seek 
experienced Office Manager/Bookkeeper, mid 
to late 20s to run day to day office administra- 
tion and accounts. Salary aane. Please send 
CVs to Miss S Fernandes, State 2, 21 Upper 
Brook St London W1Y 1PD. 


Bax No 

C/a Times 
P.O. Box 484 
Virginia Street 




Applications are invited for the appointment of 
Deputy Secretary to the Council of TA & VR Asso- 
ciations. The post will become vacant on 7 March 
1967. Applicants should, preferably, have Service 
Staff experience of at least Grade 1 level (or equiva- 
lent) in H.M. Forces. They must be under the age 
of 56 on 7 March 1987. Present salary is about 
£16.800 per annum. London Weighting allowance 
is also paid. 

Application formsmay be obtained from the Secre- 
tary, Council of TA & VR Associations. Centre 
Block, Duke of York's HQ, Chelsea, London SW3 
4SG. Completed forms must reach die Council of- 
fices by 2 May 1986. 

banking & Accountancy 


farinas secretary in busy So- 
lichore office. Applicant must 
be willing to wort under pres- 
sure and able to nse or learn 10 
use mud processor. 
Immediate vacancy. Salary by 
neeoriatuHLTekphtnx Mr de 
Veuve 01 949 IS83. 

mrxo/pa seenrrAar t» Sur- 
veyors Estate Agents. You v»ui 
be Mortang for two charming 
director. In m Pr ut li ve of fieri In 
Bond Street. The position la var- 
ied and Intereating. Salary 
E&fiOO Tdrohonc Mm Voting 
an 01-493 0542. No Agendo 

natter AMY WANTED for 

friendly Molds Vale Estate 
Agents. WP experience prefera- 
ble. Salary negotiable. Greene 
A CO 01-286 8787 

*miaT»» ARC hunted for 
a tumor secretory for on tiler- 
national maraettno company. 
Succemfid aspftcaiua must pos- 
sess good secretarial snub and 
be rcsponeiMc. Send CV and 
lefe n atces to The Manager. 
Suite 10a. too Par, Lane. Lon- 
don W1Y 3AA. 

requires a PA/Sec for small W1 
office, must be wen educated 
and wed spoken. Mainly audio, 
telex and wane WP. Gaea tele- 
phone manner. oooWweMng sod 
advantage. £9.000 neg. Tel; 01- 
439 3367. 



to £30,000 + car EC 4 

If you are a qualified, graduate accoun- 
tant (28-33), a notable achiever with an 
aptitude for systems development, 
then management consultancy affords 
you the chance to extend your skills 
within an entrepreneurial environ menL 
1 Refi SW0031 

to £20,000 + Bank Benefitts EC2 

An ideal commencing point for a gradu- 
ate ACA to start a career in Merchant 
Banking, working in a high profile, in- 
ternationally prominent organisation in 
Eurobond issues. Ref: RS0018. 


» y 4 - ‘- 

o m 

<35,000 + Benefits BC 2 

An i n tern a tional merchant bank seeks 
a graduate ACA (aged 28-32) with bank 
experience to assist with the develop- 
ment of new systems in anticipation of 
deregulation. A prestigious opportunity 
offering . career progression. Ref: 

to £18,000 ' ECl 

A Head Office role providing a wide 
range of corporate planning and bud- 
. geting tasks. A recently qualified 
accountant wHI gain a valuable over- 
view of tills highly diversified 
international trading group. Ref: 

Management Personn el 

TatophorarOI 2565041 (out of hours 01 8062783) 

Contract Recruitment 

An opportunity to grow 
with us In Richmond 

£20k cm target earnings 

Self motivated and ambitious sales people will be given 
every opportunity to succeed within our Systems and 
Programming Division. 

You will be able to demonstrate either a successful sales 
record, ideally within Contract Recruitment — or possess 
the drive and ability necessary to succeed in this highly 
competitive market place. 

tf you are aged between 25-35 and have the skids and 
enthusiasm to succeed in our business, contact me, 

Lynne Lawes, immediately to discuss your future. 


KPG Office Hours 
(01-541 0976 


We have bookings tor SH/ 
Audio secretaries (100/60) 
with WP exp. fpref IBM 
Dispteywriter /IBM PC/ 
Wang/Ofivetti ST 351) 
starting inwnaOatBfy. Jo in 
our team of professoral 
temps today. Ring Setty 
Owens on 01-235 8427 or 
call m at 4. Pont Street 
London SW1X 9EL. 




Uu Seltndp have an wee ton career owo'Turwv witfm Thor Busy 
Personnel Team 

Amt inter 25. you otH tore previous enter tente m personnel gr Wfl a 
ndevant nowmai ouaWcaor 

You will be mohed m all MOVcts of oeratonei afoWMirafion. reou!- 
mon of mmor sutf. salary aammstrawm and asMSung foe Peamna 
Ofoca wnan necessary. 

Rearams maw* > comtwowe salary am a ran* of company berwias 
bntiaBy based m Acton, you slKuU be preaaral to move to Hendon ci 
ewrv 1967 

Please contact Debbv Wesley. P ysonna i Oiftew «nfo full cvesr dtia4s. 
MISS SRHUDGE Ltd.. 21-27 Warp* Way. Auon. London W 0B0 Ui 
743 BOSQ. 


Sett mouvawa. turn oorklng. Km qnrtlrd wanin'. wWft 
iniualitc a no conn nun ifliv Good vcrrunal ,tilh>90 vO). 
-A* level RturUnn, and aUnty lo deal wiilt a wide larirtv of 
people, uluatiora. and Lula. RntMimUr and Involvin', lob 
Salary J.9.BOO o-a rm no Aeenctvs 

C.V and daytime lei no to Perwuinol Deet SalelUle 
TrlevKian--i - Sky Cnonn-i". 31. 3* r«e» Weel. London 
wi. ciauno dale for imUoUdiu wednnday 9<n April 

c £9,000 + annual bonus 
Major leisure company requires a bright and 
flexible shorthand secretaiy with good skills 
(90/60) to work in the administration depart- 

Applicants should write with full career 
details to: 

Mr B Woolf 
London Clubs Ltd 
3 Tottenham Court Road 
London WI 
(No agencies) 



Required to support the commercial 
section of young property practice. Ex- 
perience an advantage, but keeness to 
leam also important. The position in- 
cludes client contact and phene work. 
Excellent salary. 

01-631 4050 



Somerset Health 

Director Of 

Management and 
Capital Works | 

This new post brings together responsibility jj 
for the management of the Authority's estate s 
and its Captial Works Programme. ft 

The Authority has an extensive range of prop- jj 
erties varying from large Victorian Institutions <1 
to Phase I of the new Musgrove Park Hopsiial. I 
which wHI be commissioned this year. The 
Capital Programme has a value of £2.1 million 
in the year 1986/87. 

Applicants should have wide experience of the 
management of Estate Services and/or Capital jj 
Programmes. Either in a professional works S 
capacity or in the administration of such ser- | 
vices, at a senior level in the National Health I 
Service, public or private organisations. 1 

The salary of the post will be within the range R 
of £ 15k to £23k 1/2k depending on preies- E 
sional qualification and experience. 1 

Candidates wishing to have an informal discus- 
sion on the post are invited to contact Mr lan 
Smith, District General Manager on Taunton 
(0823) 73491 ext 225. 

Job description, information package and ap- 
plication form available from Barry Brown, 
District Personnel Officer, Somerset Health 
Authority, County haH, Taitton TA1 4EJ. tel: 
Taunton (0823) 73491 ext 264. To whom 
completed applications should be returned by 
rot later than midday Monday 14th April 



If you are a newly qualified Chartered Accountant, 
Price Wfcterhouse offers you the opportunity fo develop 
your career by joining one of our teams overseas. 

Wb have openings in Australia, Bahamas; Belgium, 
Bermuda, Brad, Canada, France, Germany, Holland, 
Hong Kong, Italy, Jamaica, Kenya, Luxembourg, 
Malawi, Middle East, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, 
Portugal, South Africa, United States of America, 
tonezuela and Zambia. 

The challenges and rewards are great 
Please contact 

John Thompson, 

Price Waterhouse, 

Southwark Towers, 

32 London Bridge Street, 


Tel: 01-407 8989. 

Unit General 

The Royal Preston Hospital is one of the 
largest acute hospitals in the North West 
with substantial Regional and Sub-Regional 
specialties.. A top quality General Manager 
is required to manage this complex and very 
busy hospital - budget approximately 

Applicants must be able to demonstrate 
high level management achievement in an 
appropriate NHS discipline or in anoiher 
large organisation. The post is for an initial 
period of 3 years. 

Salary for NHS candidates is 
approximately £25.500, i.e. based on A & C 

Price Jfkterhouse 

Scale 32 and plusages. Negotiations up to 
£29,500 are possible for an exceptional 
external candidate. 

Informal enquiries would be 
welcomed by Richard Cummins. District 
General Manager, on J0772) 716525. 
etx. 27S. FuH particulars and application 
form available from the District 
Personnel Officer, ext. 427. Closing date 
for receipt of applications: 21st April, 

•• . * * \ 





Over 1-4 iBiUBon of tbe 
most affluert people in the 
country read the cb&ifted 
eotemns of Tbe Times. Hie 
following categories appear 
regutely every week, and 

by lelevuit editorial articles. 

Use the crapon (light), 
and find oid how easy, fast 
and economical it Is to adver- 
tise in Tbe Tines Classified. , 

MONDAY Education: Untvcr- WEDNESDAY La Crime de la 
shy Appointments, Prep. A Public CrbnriSecreQriaVPAappoiiurnenis 
School Appointments. Educational ovcr£7JD0. General secreurlaL 

over 17.500. General snreurlaL 

Courses Ahotarshipsi: Fellowships. Property: Residential. Commercial. 

La Creme de ta Create: Town & Caurury. Overseas. Renlals. 

TUESDAY Comptder Horizons: 

a comprehensive guide k> u« THL1RSDAY General Appoint- 

compuicr nurlirt. meets Chief Executives. Managing 

Legal ApputimwiNs. Soliaiors. Direciora, Directors, Saks and 
Commercial Uwycrt. Legal Marketing Executives andOertcas 

Officers, Private & Public practice. ‘ .Appointmenls. Including a new 
I*g a I Lt Ciiret a new classifies- tiassificaiion entitled finootitisnd 

lion (onop legal secretaries. 

.‘urountoacy Appoint moils. 


FRIDAY Motere: A complete car 
buy«3 guide featuring established 
dealers and private sales. 

Business to Business: 

Selling property- franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses- 

SATURDAY Oversets Travel: 

-Holidays abroad. Low cost flights. 
Cruises. Car hire. UK. Travel: 
Hotels. Cottages. Holiday lets 


Pen ftteate a new classification Tor 
young readers to contact people with 
simtldr interests at home and overseas 

Fill in the coupon and attach it to > Our adscrtiMtmem Prior ;o n jppcanr.c 
wo will contact you with a quotation and confirm the date of insertion 
Rates are Lineage £4 per line (min. 3 lines). Bo\ed Display £25 per single 

column centimetre. Court and Social io per ime Ml rates - If - VAT. 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send to: The Times Shlrle* MarRdis l»nrap 

Classified Advertisement Manager. Times Newspapers Ltd, Adi erf Element Depan 

aent. P.O. Box484. Yhginig Street. London El q DD. 



TF.LEPIIONE (Davtimul 

srCISSiTB VBs A/fNa 


-Kju jH| 9 ». I.f-r.-s; i| J - 

Mas ouwr dasrikd advertise- 
ment* can be accepted by 
telephone. The deadline » 
5.00pm 2 days prior to publics- 
tion fie 500pm Monday for 
Wednesday). Should yon wish 
to send an advertisement in 
writing ptew* include yow day- 
time phone number. 

PARTMCKT. If you have any 
queries or proWems rcfettrag W 
your ad veru semen 1 once it lm 
appeared, please contact our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 
481 4180 cM 4272/3 14/5 


concvnDB oh ngns'ims 

to Europe, lisa & most Until**- 
tfam. DWonul Travel: 01-730 

DM afflCA KUHOK Australia 
Nw* ZeaUntd. 0«uw dtscotml 
lam. OTC 01*02 3236. 

CHEAT fUWI Worldwide. 
Haymanet 01930 1366. 




1 wanted. Top 

828 0778. 

pncea pou. Tel Ol 



RKtunood Tram. 1 Pi to S t 
JHrttnond ABTA 01-940 4073. 


Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
T1MHHA For mot perfect hotktay 


and school HB-40 ape gro u p) ■ 
Tel: 01-373 1666. 


FRENCH (URL 10 yran old (lain 
Uy nomc on Cote D’Aruri 
wfctora lo do excfionge v Hit with 
Entfbh tfrl /boy o f similar age. 
lo come bo England now until 
ntfcl June. For further details 
picau* phone Ol -602 2327 alter 
6.00 pm lor 0392 32469 over 
Easier Weekend). 


R EH T 1H C H ST Wt. Elegant spac 
1 st fl flat- 1 dblc bed. Rec. K A 
B. GCH- video. W roach. £200 
pw Inc cleaner 2 hrs pw. Avail 
38 Mar -end J une. 0 1 959 6870 
Luxury SERVICED Apartments 
near Gtoane Square. AsMon- 
wartti ud Ol-BSi soau.iT* 
central London from £325 pw. 
Rim Town Mse Apts 573 3433 
KR KM6S RD. Lovely comfort- 
able 5 bed Hal lo let £200 pw. 
Tel Ot 909 3683. 

Kensington. CM TV zanr *wbd. 
the. CoUtngtam Apts 573 6306. 
ST W HO SW1. Luxury 2 bed 
folly rurMstwd serviced apt nr 
parte. Ol 573 6306 m. 


male to Miara undecoraied mu- 
sonede. own room. £26 pw e 
bins 672 425V ext 419 Ml 673 
6020 ie> 

dean flat near lube wtth orate* 
Clonal male. £140 pen*. Tel 643 

FLATMATES Selective Sharmg 
Well oub Introductory service. 
Ptse id for anoL 01689 9491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 

CR U WIICH SCXO Female lo 
share pieasam hai beside parte. 
O'R- CH. Cleaner. 2 mins BR. 
£149 pent tod. oi 898 8618. 

STH HER. Nr tube. Lux flat. Own 
large room. F.grad. Cdns. fen- . 
nls- £65 p w. au tort. 01 989 
4750 ana- 6 pm. 

fW17. BALBAML comfortable 
due bed Hat top floor HK farody 
hse. gch and id. lube BH £106 
pw u«c. 6738442. 

WEST HAMPSTEAD. M.'f lor o/ r 
to exertion mod CH flat. 3 nrins 
tube. £46 p.w. cxcl- TM 01-629 
SI 70. 

CMXSEA Praf M. 23 *. to share 
flat wUh 2 others. O R Avail 
Uiuned £62 Pwiscrt. 362-5 IBS. 

FMO-A-FLAT (Flat Sharing 
Agency] home-owners no fee. 
36 Kings Rd. SW3 01-584 8012 

HEW. Avail now. Room for prof 
F to shared house. 3 - 4 months. 
£42 pw. 01 940 9813. 

SW17. O. H to mixed hse with 
gdn. CH. I Rdn Tube. £30 pw 
end. 767 6802 after 6pm. 

HKMOATE flatmate motored 
own room. £28 p.w. plus bnis. 
Unto Sax ember Tel 267 2790. 



Emm /us* Fimas m-ra 540a 

Lora Hrt AgW 01-603 1515 

M/mnn Oast 01-B38 3(44 

GMtnra* bctnsol/ Bonded 



« Sydney * * msaumE * 

* pan * * BHSHAW * 


♦ JffHUHG 

* * ADHADE * 

* dr S AfffCA * 


* FVH * 61 
« BANGMR * * 

* Singapore * * 

* DUBAI * * 

* UD FAST * * 

* LUSAKA * * 

* TORONTO * * 


* * TOKYO * 

* * KAMA * 

* * BAHRAIN * 

* * NABOB 6 

* * HARARE * 


* L ANGELES * * UAM * 

* USA * USA * USA *USA * 

(End IW1 

V> Sou* Si. Epum . Suney 
(037TT7) 21SMZM0IVWJ 
Tdn 34667 


Nairobi. Jo •Burp. Cairo. Du 
baL Istanbul. Singapore. k.i_ 
DefhL Bangkok. Hong Kong. 
Sydney. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel, 
3 New Quebec St- Marble 
Aren London wih 7dd. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday iaoo-13.00 

Come and see 
Cliff Richard 
in the musical 
“Time" and 
help our cause. 

On April 7lh 1966 HUH The 
Duchess ol' Kem unit attend a 
chanty pda performance of l he 
new musical Time" in aid of 
Cancer Relief at rhe Dominion 
Theatre. You can helplhe vk- 
Ums of cancer by coming along 
Ticker details are aratlahk- 
Eram Cancer Relief Anchor 
House. 15-19 Britten Slrecl. 
London SW3Trr.>l.oi35iT8iL 

with 850 lamas, 
ironrnon bhoatorieL 


More tow-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

- Fast, expert, high-tech 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
• up to 60% discounts 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sat 

hmnunisation, insurance. 
Foreign Exchange, 
Hap a Book Shop 

you help us, 
the more 
I find o 




Save with Swissair's 
Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva daily on con- 
venient afternoon 

And daily morning 
flights London lo Basic 
(except Sundays i. 

Book and pay 14 days 
before departure. 

Stay in Switzerland at 
least until the Sunday 
after arrival. 

Similar savings also 
from Manchester and 
Birmingham direct to 

Book ings and full con- 
ditions from travel 
agents or 437-9573. 


FROM £109 

MALAGA 27/3 £13 3/4 £109 
AUCANTE 27/3 £1S4 4/4 EiM 
Palma 26/3 yds 
EILAT 19/3 Eira 2/4 W9 

I9&&J1/3 £J» 

SuOf 10 l/toi 

01-486 93S6 




The lowest cost Olgh& 

Euracheck Travel 
01-542 4613 
01-543 4227 

Estab 1970 

single return 
JoTmro/Har £300 £466 

Nairobi £220 £526 

CaW £130 £200 

Lagos £236 £336 

OrTaoro £230 £340 

Bangkok £199 

rauiaia £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ltd 

162' 168 Rfgcm SI W.l. 
TEL: 01-457 82B5/C/7/S 





3 beautifully designer decorated 
Flats in this new development opp. 
Green Park, each unit is designed 
to the most individual and com- 
fortable standard and benefits 
from Video Entry system, as well 
as reception desk and porter. 2 
beds., 2 baths., f/f kit., dble. recep. 

£SOO-£8S0 per week 
Mayfair Office: 014529 4513 





Lei ring 4 Kanagrawm 


WKte range of quahtyfurrosheC 
anp unfurnished property 
- Full Management Service 


- LegaVTax Advice. 

• Personalised Service through 
7 computer linked offices. 


Recently redecorated and 
refurbsihed UNFURNISHED pe- 
riod family House located m 
excdlent resktentia! area. 2 double 
bedrooms. 3 single bedrooms. * 
bathrooms, I cikrm.and 2 recep- 
tion room- Garden. Available now 
for Company let. 

£800 per week neg. 

KenSfflgteH Office: 01-937 7244 

MATF4JM Wl lurMf COM tan* 
Oat i large bedrm tnvuc ba«b- 
room. reeep. KBchm lUfly 
equipped. £200 pw. Short lei 
629 2646 tO. 

residential lettings 

Our continued growth and cxpanaOTtor^dtal 
in several key vacancies for experienced personnel 

SSdS p»pte 

High '^Srels^m be paid for profit success. 

Please apply in wnung with lull lv w. 
OMTStwe Dans 

HTOC r*IWJ*rifrtorc«gn«2 
ttowito me 

MOB Wttt* tlUtoto 

■dicMn. piutK baOiroont pua 

rut win* balcony *n 

presugr Mode. A'rotUMen'm''- 
pjiact pmtrtrt 486 8926. 

■uunuxnE owner *■*> 
lets. bale, bright nackriti tiU* 
mrfa, £120 pw Co l« nrrt. 
0GTC6 JKT to 01 262 0960 
■WYFABtyHTDCFAW toxl.2. 


rrttaMe xnin. 01-439 9130 
COmMU BrtBR own WU ^ 
Babe, phone. £36 p w. Othe rs 
UO 627 2610 HOIMlOCattoa. 



ATO! '.R?i ■ • • • 


1heA\ rkltf-tgfofct- 

Lj-.A n: C3i9 Nairisi 
Sy'-isy" Co3^ Bs'iglsi'SJj® 
Ay-.< : ?. 750 Ti-drta -22 J?. 

T30 Jern-.yn Sircc!, SV/i - 
' " 32v7i-i4 item 


■ ;- rri 


■UZMONM uranow reran toS- 
Smn VUtos Apia Sal F j ON 
Mure** tNr L* Manga); Brarti 
Bay Hots 0432 270186 ATOL 
ACT 1617. 

vuntro BAMUS a m. Ex d. nix 
■trail. Sertoded Oto» wmo» 
POOL tacuzxL bar. No enudrm. 
rrari . £&. 031 226 7676 
/Oil 668 3406 eve*. 





Prices (mil £244 


01-584 5060 

• * * 

Phages. Baham as & p arties 

S Apr! £20» 

12 April £179 
19 Aot« CIS* 
bid rutfits. food * wine 
01-370 0090 

ATOL 1820 


■vaoabOUy. Vel (There. Ttgnu 
A La Arcs, from £28243 Die. 
rtn_fU.Tei.8W Vrt. 01-903 

NEW KNJO BULB end dtomond 

Udla Roiex watch- Around 

£4_soo Offers w el eo me . Reply 
to BOX E2B. 

0U> YORK FIMII1MI. txto- 
Uf seta etc. NaftonwMe 
deliveries. Tel: (0380) 850039 

SEATmoaiB Any event Inr Let 
Mis. OoveM Cdn. StorhghtExD. 
WtmMeden. Gtymeboisne. Ol- 
828 1678. Motor credit cards. 
THE T9HES (1814-19861. Gtvw 
ranwaae en ortotoai mue dated i 
the very day they were bom. 
Tel: 01-486 6306. 

PIANO. Medhnn-stncd npngbL. 
1st hi coikL C38S - Can ar- 
range deuvery. 01-463 0148. 


Limited Edtttons or WrtUngMn 
and Nawricm* Bonaparte. 
£4400 cam Reply to BOX 

£40 ■■■ —!■ paid For Royal 
Doolton Figures. Dootton Ato- 
■nals also wanted. Ol -291 3606. 

Me serviced atuiUos/bedrtto- 
UO/XSBffW. 01-747 3364 
CfTY- Ln 2 Bed nods. K/B 
uange.CH. F;F. Tel. £136 pw. 
Tel: Ol 661 674a 
HAMPTON Lge tan * bed tow nr 
■to jWatertool. SbB prto or o» 
let. £185 pw. 788 4448 (a 

ny OM. TV. £135 pw. Others 
627 2610 HtoMloralom 
W OMBMBTO M Dble bednn BaL 
rccepL phone. £iOS»w. Others 
627 2610 Hotnrtocatora. 

UWP.Y ahed nt* je* on Dk-tur 

e wimmfn a. rttBD0- 

^^$9.0273 728349. 

KJLomOfa 3 bedrm hense TV. 
pecs ok. £1X0 pw. Others wo 
607 2610 Hameioeatora. 

maria VALE 2 ae dr oome-d gar- 
dmliaL d04 pw. Others loo. 
627 2610 H e mctocrtore. 

totoMrtles to 81 Johns Wood, ito 
gents Par*. Maua vdatoto 

Conn Hampotrad 01-686 7561 



RM4HJ8H FOR foreMo undents. 
■ individual hdUoa By OuaUOed 
teacher, reasonahte rates. Tel 
01-994 1874 or 01-604 9717, 


HR UMVUtSIIY students re- 
ontred tv South London 
Carden Centre. Aorfl - August. 
Good nay. Ring 01-672 3697 


REUHtAVM. Luxury ftontoMd 
flat overlooking garden. 2 dou- 
ble be d rooms. 2 b athrooms, 
double living room, kitchen, 
porter. £400 pw. 01-236 6819. 


HEW GALLOWAY. End nrraoed 
house, central heating. 2 receo- 
Dans, tatty lltied kueben. 
lamer. 4 double bedrooms, 
study. 2 baths, rtoakroom. ga- 
rage. garden. Often around 
£40000- 06442-381. 

iniCBlIr nqnret fed A pvt 
^■"if staff for their bus ud 
nsstnsnii Om^oiof person- 
aMfy a must. Contact Tom 
Weir 248 1121 (tm 12 - 

Mr. S.T. Wong, 

32 BnKfcaatarr Rowf, 

LflMtoa W8 068 
01-723 SIM 






ROBECO N.V. announce a 
cash dtvMend of FtsA»a per 

ordinary star* er FblO 

<Fte 0292 per subdUand lor 
the Ctaanctel year 2 H& 


from BUI Apra 1986 ogai 
surrender «e Ootteon Not 
Coupon* presented by. 

Seem South. A Taste of Tusca- 
ny a- Splendours of the Venera. 

A seteci trio of value tar money 
enact* lours. Abo vtltasA hotrts 
with swimming pools and city 
weekends. Free brochure Rom 
MMr of Italy. Denf T. 47 Step- 
hanos BUR* Oreen. Wia BPS 
Tec 01 749 7449 (20 tore. 



A Different 

R you warn a change from the 
mass produced Algarve villa. 
u» ear* oHer some unusual and 
differoil al'emwKre They 
range From individual Algarve 
properties, id kwely houses In 
Ihe Honchlque Hills. All have 
pools, staff - some tennis 
court. Make 1 966 the year you 
got Ute villa right ask (or our 
elegant brochure. Yidudina 
Greece, holy. France. 


CV Travel (RMT) 

.i • . tarmart Dc p sitinaa t 
ty;- ajciwwitiCn 

'•A-eeSvi.1 London 3WT ILK 

WF* 19990132 - Z4IB 
n ~*^ teaebara servirn 

poster beds and Georgian style 
bedroom furniture in Yew and 
Mahogany veneers. Large 
showroom now open. The Bulls 
Centra. Reading. Tet- (0734) 

12 fl Wide Wilton carpets re- 
duced from £22 neY so yd lo 
£9-50 h yd Chancery Carpets. 
97 ■ 99 dtolusiwell Rd. London 
ECI. 01 405 0453. 

We have adds for these and all 
theatre and snorts. Tel: 651 
3719. 637 1719. AU mator 
credit cards 

THE TIMES 1795-1066. Other 
lilies avail. Hand bound ready 
tor presentation ano 

"Sundays". £12.60. Rcrttember 
When. 01-688 6325. 

Starbqht Exp. Own. Ln Mb. 
AU Ulcatre and sports. 

Tel: 821-6416, 828-0495. 

AXx i Visa / Diners. 

SL Wrtlt. Somerset. (0934) 
742269. Col Brach of iso 
hou»«s in Eire, Discount Roes. 



BeauHf ul aoddanda warehouse, 
£80 P.w. Ol 488 1669 

Exemption from United 
Kingdom Tax may be 
ctamwd by taring the usual 
at f ldar^ ^ca wytoo ^noi vnaj- 

I SOFA Bi;i)i^€T01IY I ppp'^ 

Untted Kingdom Banks and 
Members ot Uie Stock Ex- 
change should lodge the 
■nMiri claim torn* wttn toe 
Natkmal Wee t mfawter Bank 
PUC. suck Office Services, 
3rd Floor. 20 OM Broad 
Street. London EC2N 1EJ. 

Payment of Die dividend 
mod be marked onBtere- 
wtwtto or Uie eertmeate in 
accordance wtm 'Marking 
Nam«' procedures. 

. Other daimsata must also 
complete the gtfrtri cUWn 
term and preoe i ri Uris at Dw 
above address together wtth 
Ihe re tev nt rert uicate t a ) far 
marking ay the Manorial 
Westminster tank plC. 

AU cMm must be aubmU- 
Ud by Bersanal nreoentatioa. 


vyoanave vertnenaimoa aw 
de*erv« p ub Uranan write to: 
Street. Lewes. Sussex K*T 2LU. 

Open Good Friday and Easter Monday 

| ’ iixrsof Models, 

For atradttkmai 

1000’s of Fabrics 

or modem 

from stock or 

design in a plain 

made to order, / 


l or print fabric 

all at prices fc 
which cannot be X 

A The Sofa Bed 
J Factory is the 

- beaten. 

place for you- 

Open Good Friday and Easter Monday 

Payineui wM be made ay 
Nauotaf Provincial Bank 
INknbmt) limited on or af- 
ter 80* April 1986 and wtu 
BcaMect to MtobtoB Name' 

’* . Op s n - 7 Oa y s a We e k • 

34G Caiedon'ar: i-icsc. Loncon Te : '. b07 30931 

- The Dutch currency wu 
be c oove rt nd tela sMiitog on 
260* March 1986. A rurftar 
aimounceme m wu be made 
(tartly gtvtng fuUeterUng de- 
tads of too dMdend to 
resoect or FkiO or d in a ry 
sham and Fts .1 MtostteaVs, 

Lyle; plans to ptoy n ore la the United Sa tes . 

Americans warm to a 
new ambassador 

From Mitchell Platts, P&nte Yedr*, Fteida 

The fact that Calvin Pcctc can 
no longer walk from the dub 
house to the fust tee without : 
attracting large crowds is cvl 
ideiice of his acquisition of 
superstar status an the Ameri- 
can tour. What is more; as the 
defending champion of the 
Tournament Players' 
Championship, which starts . 
here today, and the winner of 
two tournaments this season, 
Feete now commands the at- 
most respect from all his rivals. 

The American golf public; 
Which loves nothing more than 
to bero-worshipi are willing id 
'accept Feete as their latest No 1 
although the tour re mai ns Con- 
vinced that the game’s popular* 
try will continue to grow even if 
one individual &3* to gain the 
same '■ accolades as a lack 
NScklausoraTom Watsca. - 

What matters most in the 
United States is dun the annual] 
events are held at the same 
venue each year, so building up 
a regular foiuowine. The Tour- 
nament Players' (3ab is one of 
the most outstanding venues, 
with three doring boles that are 
almost guaranteed to. produce, 
exciting finishes. 

Peete won the championship 
last year with a record 72-hole 
aggregate of 274, winch is 14 
under panmd although some 
observer ched his ationshing 
consistency as his most valuabie 
weapon, he xsmapu convinced 
that it" was aggression which 
took him to victory. He says 
**My strategy this year will be 
just the same. You must go our 
and attack this course. You can^t ■ 
pby safe here, you can't B° far 
the fat parts of the green or this 
course will eai yon up." : . 

Peete; has good co m p an y 
when it comes to assessing tire 
course. Greg Norman, the 
Australian, who is steadily 
returning to form, insists: “You 

mnstbe positive ifyotiarenot: 
then you'll pay the penalty. You 
can piay as agcrasstvely as you . 
"warn; If yow . sy and pfiry 
.cauemiiwh dotii iscasvto 
rake 78." . .. . a - V ' 

The tTKky however, is. une > 
doobcedljr to rrataih cool and ' 
Craig Stadlcr. The' former " US' - 
Masters champkjs . points .out. 
“1 know ! may nos have a lot off 
. patience but I 'definitely, need to 
find a lot of i iLnten. I am plajffpi 
tins course;'' ' 

ftete isR marvenousambas- 
sador fire a US toor which ;» : 
meandering ihroogh what can 
only be described -as a strange 
vmsitkm at which tournament 
victories : ton, be en s hared 
around n tunnher of fdayets . 
without any one of them coming . 
todomtnase the scene. . 

Don nie Hammon d, Boh 
T«ay T Kermy Kjkm. and Dan. . 
Fbraman= have x -aR won' this - 
' season while . -ttwr hfas of 
NickUos andl: Watsou haya 
strugriaTto regain the- form 
whira made tifwm wrs of the - 

aicuitforso long. 

.*■ Watton, however, has been 
couslsteBKhis season mth 14 of 
his^ 23 rounds providing a score 
of TO or better .and Be ntighl be 
re^ly to do himself Justice again 
although he has surprisingly 
never woo a tournament in 
Fioikh; . . 

. Jf ite Unifed Sures tour was 
sftk^ somelassuraiicc of its 
ccgitrauing at the forefront of 
world golf then Sandy Lyle 
provided some timely support 
by declaring that he will play 
more here in the future. 

Meanwhile, Nick Faldo, who 
returned to focm by finishing 
third in New Orleans last Sun- 
day, TCen Brawn and Bernhard 
Langer arc also among a field 
challenging for a tint prize of 
Sl62.0w(£l 10,000). 

! n c o > yj 1 1 1 uj f i ij ijtj i pj t? \ m 

Black marks for the 
White Paper a utho rs 

By Conrad Voss Bark 'r"— 

Chairmen of regional fishery 
advisory committees end fishery 
o fficials are seeking aa urgent 
turning with goTemcnt min- 
isters on the White Papa- oa 
primtization of the water 
authorities in F-o g t a m t uni 
Wales. CranaHafions within the 
water authorities have already 
taken place to discuss what one 
official cattiMl “the disastrous 
implications for fisheries” c at- 
tained in the White •Paper’s 
propo sa ls. 

It wfll also he pointed inn te 
ministere that the authors off the 
White Paper, , in thdr entim- 
sfosm for privatization, have 
dnoaed that the qoaHty off the 
Ration’s water, supplies has 
“been a rantt a med and hi some 
cases improved*. This is not so. 
There are at least two, possibly 
three, regional auth o ri ties where 
wrier quality has declined 
considerably over the last. 20 

yean. The two mate authorities 
affected, chiefly by farm pollu- 
tion. aie in the north-west and 
Mwth-west. The.wnter goaffiy in 

the opper readies of at least tYro 
mafat safanon riven xa now ss had : 
that salmon eggs, and the yotmg 

salrooo if they hatch at afl, are 

poisoned asddie. 

To restore these poisoned 
rivers to their original quality 
wfll mean, a huge outtay. of 
money by the new priv ate ' water 

com pan i e s aad by formers, es- 
periaHy dahy formers, over a 
period iff many years. No es- 
tfanate is available oftfae cost bet . 
it wffl.ccTtakily be conttitnUe. 
There is, -therefore, growing 
concern among fishery interest^ 
.and those concerned with 
divtanuaetital protection as well 
as toarism about government 

'■One rmnoor Y?hich 

is going read is that the 
gov e r nm ent wants to sell off as 
soon, as possible those regional 
authorities which it knows! will 
be profitable, such as Thames, 
in order to have a. giveaway 
Badget before the next election. 
Whether true dr .not, this is tbe 
kind of ancertainty created by 
the White .Paper' wfafoh min- 
foters wfll be aax faa s to naffit. 

The b um proble m - is.: that 
gate a few envir^mcmal ser- 
vices in England and Wales, 

. such as - game fiithg atnMg 
Others, hare been subsidized 
onffl now by the- water rates; In 
future, controlled by private 
companies concerned with mak- 
ing profits, how and co what 
extent will these nOteprafitabfe 
services sarvfre? 

By Colin McQnfllan . 

The Aincrican. Express. Fxe- 
mier. Leagu e hany tn the. bal- 
ance with a sm^e fixture 
remainin g after. Cannons- in- 
creased tbe pressure on Anfieigh 
HaEL the- tenders, by audimg 
Nottingham, 4-1.’ ■ . _• •. ■ 

Cannons, .. the only, 
unsiwnsored . . team in die 
League, are now just one point 
behind Aidtejgh Hall and could 
take die- championship next - 
week if they defeat Edghaston • 
Prionr by one match more than ■ 
tte um dub stallages g gq*Tna . 
Manchester Nor thern. 

The London dub have prob- 
ably spent ckise to £20,000 on a 
star-sudded team, hot the great- 
est financial -burden has been 
carriedbyNeflHarvey, a fonner 
Englaud mteriratibnaL who now 
coaches in Spain; ami has paid 
his own iravd expenses between * 
London and 'Madrid afl. season 
to play ax third or fourth string. 

Hatvey sustained a fearful 
groin ana hip iqjury last season. 

He took the Madrid coaching 
-job- partly to earn a living but 
also to locale himself where tbe 
climate would assist his 

loe one competitive outing- 
each week' for ‘Gannons was 
ideal to keep in touch with ihe 
ga nre and test d » progres s of the 
le&7 te said, “h has been 
difficult to cpefio London some^ 
times, and.I .terwe not .made 
much money from the exercise, 
but h has-pood off in-most other 

wi**7 . . 

- .Tbe."**** ctftteHatvey family - 

might uot -agree. His mum air . 

fere each week roofcfgafiwn his^ 
ujcome during the winter, mu) 
rose -io £190 with die change to ■ 
summer rat es. Industrial dis- 
putes have regularly forced him 
to spend days in airports os out 
side or the other. - ; ' / 

RESULTSe Croons *, Nock i oha m i; 

m. . . 

. tSi+U-t. 

■ -J 
" *L . 

Ss ^ ifi-Jat ,'r . I 




r • * * . 

Dbontast-Ma 3. R6A»ooa UxSgB 2; 

AmtoyaTMandwter NortwnST^ 

More i sport: pages 38 and 48. 

»• r. -*r 

— ■«.: : . “ 'm 

% -*■ j 

1 •_ -- *. 'W I'V 

,i.'i •» ’ 

•, : -i • ; , • 

. ' 



Edwards tries to lay an Aintree ghost 


tesobvioia Grand National candidates. 


SSSnSnSSS^SSSA ifownby RedRum— whowaslobe- 
banfcpnsse^ foe. Amt** phenomenon of 

tent level of drama, S *2? more victories - 


^ST^ 118 * 6 thr0ws tbe straight until his IegsTKply 
■RireKunpfenik^ 10 «! v « any more on that 

SSBfiSSrtS f“?o“^ as s 

Who onl^ at the insistence of 
nywe* Davies, the jockey, and 
against the wishes of the owner, 
conared Mr Snugfit with an amaz- 


ev^ ^^5?vSLhn^ I J £ab !f *****? of the NationaL And, if yoo 
£S“S °LJ ^ l2^.S V0 £,i5^ examine in detail the complex 
^,t«P Uee 2^ Iotllc ^ patterns of the race, there appears to 
t£ JSSi te one common thread. Because 

borse and rider are entering un- 
S2SJ he I ?2 1, charted realms of endurance, m the 
National, more than any other race, 
,^r?i K w? W ^ th . *?■ y°u can never be certain it is won 
““til you 566 ft m black and white 
U P on the numbers board. 

.* - - . John Edwards, the Ross-on-Wye 

it> s?* SS^Si! trainer ’ bought he had won it for 
2‘ ^ji 967 wben sore 15 years ago when, in only his 

SSSSf.^U’S? 5 ,^ to a »«***■ season, he ran his brilliant 
.stepdshll and tte 1004 mvhoper, mare, Sandy Sprite. A difficult 
homavon, came from another conn- horse to train because of her suspect 




* r 
- r , 

& ’■ ; : 

v- '■ '? 

- -_J j j 

■* /■* .. ' " - ' 

-C-’ . 

■ >t\ -v -.. ■ 

Broomy Bank (left), the trainer’s No.1 hope, with little Pbfaeir 
(Photographs: Tim Bishop) - 

John Edwards with 

legs, she came to Aintree without a 
run since her second place in the 
Welsh National some three months 

Sandy Sprite jumped immacu- 
lately and went into a clear lead four 
fences from home. She flew the last, 
apparently still going well. “I was 
watching from the top of the 
stands.” Edwards recalls. “It sud- 
denly hit me that I was going to win 
the NationaL” 

Halfway up that never-ending 
run-in, however, the great Irish 
rider, Ron Barry, whose first Na- 
tional ride it was, suddenly began to 
send out distress signals as Sandy 
Sprite began to drift ominously out 
to her right. She had broken down 
irreparably and Barry could only let 
her coast home. Edwards watched 
in stunned disbelief as Sandy Sprite 

‘It suddenly hit me 
— I was going to 
win the National 9 

was passed by four horses in the last 
100 yards and beaten tittle more 
lion four lengths into fifth place 
behind Specify. 

Edwards rejects, perhaps surpris- 
ingly, the suggestion that h is 
something that will haunt him 
forever. “The memory of Sandy 
Sprite only comes back when I 
return to Aintree," he says. 

He also denies that as a result he 
has become obsessive about win- 
ning the National. “People ask me if 
it’s my ambition and of course it 
would be nice to win the NationaL" 
he says in his low-key style that 
rarely gives anything away. “But 
what I’m really concerned with is 
training winners." 

He will admit, though, that the 
National does have a unique effect 
even on his phlegmatic nature. “I 

%■’**!? ' TSe 

.-.Sder.:''-. • 'Vs . i*W: 


Fethard Friend, the choice of stable jockey, Paul Barton 

never get geed up before a race booked Peter Scudamore, the lead- 
excepi at Aintree," he says. ing jockey, to ride. “Broomy Bank is 

Our hunting, shooting, fishing ideal to go round Aintree, " he says. 

never get geed up before a race 
except at Aintree," be says. 

Our hunting, shooting, fishing 
squire, who farms 1.200 acres of 
prime Herefordshire countryside, 
should be well and truly “geed up" 
on April 3, when this year's 
Seagram-sponsored event is run. 
For Edwards, who has had two 
unsuccessful attempts at the Na- 
tional as a rider before Sandy Sprite 
and several as a trainer since, will be 
mounting his strongest Aintree 
challenge yet with a tno of credible 
candidates in Broomy Bank, 
Fethard Friend and Little Polveir. 

When pressed Edwards admits to 
fancying the chances of all three — 
“They are certainly all better than 
their prices reflect," he says — and 
he looks justified in doing so. They 
have all demonstrated a healthy 
level of ability, boundless stamina 
and sound, reliable jumping. 
Pressed further. Edwards singles out 
the 1 1 -year-old Broomy Bank as his 
main hope and looking at the 
horse's past record at Aintree it is 
not hard to understand why. 

Broomy Bank has been well- 
supported for the last two Nation- 
als, but cruel strokes of misfortune 
have denied him on both occasions. 
Two years ago be started second 
favourite after an eye-catching vic- 
tory in the Rim Muir Challenge Cup 
at the Cheltenham FestivaL He was 
going like a train when he broke a 
blood vessel and came home in his 
own time in eighth place. 

Last year he was a gain travelling 
as smoothly as anything up to 
Berber's second time round when 
th'e fall of West Tip hampered him 
so badly that his saddle slipped and 
Jim Wilson was unseated at the next 

One might think that Broomy 
Bank's best chance had gone. Yet 
Edwards believes he has the horse as 
well as be has ever been and he has 

“.And he has been specially trained 
for the National again." 

This season Broomy Bank has 
won easily at Worcester and Chel- 
tenham and returned to the farter 
course earlier this month for anoth- 
er crack at the Kim Muir. A mistake 
early on knocked him out of 
contention, but he delighted Ed- 
wards by running on to finish fifth. 

Edwards will certainly not let you 
forget his other two runners, howev- 
er. Fethard Friend is a tough and 
consistent stayer, who has also run 
well in the National before and has a 
stone less to carry than last year. 
Significantly, he was chosen by Paul 
Barton, the stable jockey, in prefer- 
ence to the other two. 

Til cross my fingers 
and might jump 
up and down a bit* 

Little Polveir. the smallest of the 
three, but a tigerish character equal- 
ly capable of handling the National 
fences in Edwards's opinion, has 
been steadily finding his form this 
season. Last year he went down on 
many a National short list when he 
bolted home by 10 lengths in a 
competitive long-distance handicap 
at Sandown. 

Enjoying what will almost cer- 
tainly prove to be his best season, 
Edwards is approaching Aintree 
with an optimism that even he 
cannot disguise. So. if one of his trio 
jumps the last with a clear lead on 
Saturday week will Edwards think 
back to Sandy Sprite or will he raise 
the roof. His answer is typically laid 
back. “I'll cross my fingers like 
mad." he says, “And I might just 
jump up and down a biL" 

Xo ID© 

By Mandarin 

With just nine days to qo until 
Last Suspect attempts to repeal 
his Graad National success of 
12 months ago. Tim Forster, his 
able trainer, could scarcely have 
his Letcombe Bassett team in 
better form. 

Following finr winners at 
Newbury on Friday. Ihe stable 
completed a Sundown Park tre- 
ble on Tuesday and now 
ROYAL TO DO should keep 
the ball ratling successfully 
towards Aintree by » inning 
today’s most valuable race at 
Ludlow — the Bromfreld Sand 
and Gravel Handicap Chase. 

Royal To Do started favourite 
to gain bis third successive win 
at Sandown earlier this month 
bat had to play second fiddle to 

The Argonaut- He may have 

found the distance of two miles a 
shade on the short side there as 
his previous victories (his season 
were over longer trips at Not- 
tingham (2m 60 and Towcester 
f2m SO- 

Id any case, it was no disgrace 
to be beaten by (he Queen 
Mother's progressive young 
chaser and be appears to have 
nothing of that calibre against 
him today. Back over a more 
suitable trip of 2*4 miics. Royal 
To Do is napped to pick up the 
winning thread. 

Hywel Davies, who rides 
Royal To Do. also partners the 
Wincanton winner, Cana Glen, 
Far Forster in the second division 
of the Lentwardine Novices' 
Hurdle but my preference here is 
for the lightly-raced MR 
MCGEE, who showed promise 
ou both his outings last season 
and again when third (0 Home 
County and Teietrader at Taun- 
ton in January. 

As Home County has since 
finished fourth in (be Triumph 
Hurdle and Teietrader bos 
chased home the useful Canute 
Express in 2 valuable Chepstow 
coolest, that was clearly an 
above-average Taunton novice 
hurdle and, granted normal 
improvement, Mr McGee now 
has an excellent chance (o get off 
the mark. 

The Dickinsons have an 
exceptionally high strike rate a; 
Southwell and that could be 
further improved this afternoon 
when Ki I tipper and Rhoeccs, 
Monica Dickinson's only ran- 
iters of the day, both have 
winning chances. stayed on well to 
win over 2l'« miles at Kelso in 
December and should find the 
three miles of (he Burgage 
Conditional Jockeys Novices' 
Hurdle right up her street. 

RHULvLS has 001 ran for 
almost a year but this well-bred 
individual, by Rhemgold out a 
Vaguely Noble mare, has more 
than a touch of class and should 
be up to defying bis welter 
burden in the AnnesEey Handi- 
cap Hurdle. 


Going: good 

3.45 BOWER A BOWER NOVICE CHASE (£1,233: 3m 110yd) (15) 

4 043122 SACHS) PATH (BF) (Mrs C HsUftfO SUenmod 6-11-10 1 — C Ca*M» 

5 463P14 SOnUSTICATH) (l*a ATofntctnson) Mrs A Tomklrtsan 8-1 1-5 NON-flUNNEJv 

6 0003/00 AKMAQNAC VnZARO (1*s I McXie) Mrs V UcXie 10-1 T -3 AWefcO 

7 00-M00 ASM MN0H (C HtodMigslCHttcfmgs 911-3 R Hyatt 

9 3/0OU4> BOSTON BOT (M Qjatetii R Wbodhousa 9-1 1-3 J Hama 

10 M3FP COHO LOOQE(BCtBnta)WGMonri 9-1 1-3 — 

12 BRAMQE VAilUY^^tamMn J BarrowS- 1 1-3 AStorpa 

13 ZWOM HAMWUDW Ron) W Wharton 7-11-3 SJOHeil 

14 o-faooo BAAC NEWTON (N Clark) R Armytaga 6-11-3 BPownfl 

20 0F333* POHTWS IA8T (A WgtKmJJL Harris 10-11-3 Mr E Walton 

24 metal RUXOTCO (Mn A Ocroon) H Wharwn 7-11-3 SYouHen<4) 

25 00200^ SATANTLLER (H Dole) H Dale 7-11-3 GDavtes 

27 0UU-P0P STAMAZEffll (P Sntthj U Chapmsi 6-1 1-3 R Beflour {71 

31 DPOWO CUWSOta.fR Cmft) Mrs JQrqB 6-10-12 WHaiunreysm 

34 PW>P WOU) WALK (G Mason) Mrs C Clart. 6-10-1 2 REmnWmr 

Emm Sacred Pen, 4-1 Hendytog 6-1 Portia's Last. 5-1 banc MMon, 9-1 Sophtatic m d. 
10-1 Rukooo. 16-1 others. 

(IAs I McMa) Mrs V McXie " 
igslCKtcrmgs 6-11-3 — 
ora) R Mtoodhouse 9-11-3— 

2.15 BALDERTON HANDICAP CHASE (£1914; 2m 74yd) (17 turners) 

3 1-P1124 CT0ffiTO2l(^f^CPlr*Wjr)CWH — Mr S Andrews W 

4 ttORWI THE SAIALL IMBACtf Pidoas} N Bycroft B-l 1-3 K Ryan (7) 

5 T2Z3TF CWC K 8TOMN (Mra C SmBM 8 Rooms 9-11-3 : N Doughty 

T Homey 

5 T223TF CWCXSTCMN (Mrs C Smtti) B Rtctawfls 9-11-3 _J| 
«3Fpfr2» BOU) OEAICT (lard Manhtwa) I V M—h wva 9-1 1-2 
7 0-4BIP4 ABBtSMOrDToddlDT Todd 11-1 1-1 

7 0-40034 ABStSMQ 

to mfao sntBBS 

DGandodo 0-10-13 


23 303002 POSIIIYNE^^ 
25 4P2000 HAraotnfl 

a 212209 StVBUEO 

MCemacno 9-1M M Dwyer 

nBsMI1»04 C Grant 

Koaiq'K OTWB9-1M S McCrystat (7) 

Thompson) V ThoniiHon 9-1CH) _ Mr M Thompson (4] 

Mtl WG Mann VMM S JO'Nsi 

MC Chapman 6-10-0 JJOKleN 

dx> 7-10-0 BSfcxoy 

11-1M— BPowel 

10-0 DRsher 

7 J A Harm 

IMCtktattiMi, 100-30 Stubbs DBUBhtar, 5-1 WaMe. 132 Molsh (W. M The Start 
MradB.0-1 Bata Dealer. 10-1 AMrangTi3-l Startght Led, ib-i Khera. 


SJ O'Neil 


MrE WBlton 

— S Yotddon(4) 

G Davies 

R Boflour (71 

— R Eamshow 

C Smth 

— PNchoas 

245 JUNCTION SELUNG HURDLE (£1,022: 2m) (20) 

2 0 JUST QUAIL (H Morris Rcbertsl F Jordan 5-10-12 

3 DS-MOO JUSTSPUOUSnwM JP^rTttl%10-12 
W Ct» 0-10-12— 

Mrs 0 Venty) H Wharton 5-10-12 

' J Norton 5-10-12 

Jardme] W Ctay 5-«j-7 
on) BStwens 5-10-7 
WMB 5-10-7 — 



S Yoidan(4) 
orJOumn ‘ 
Diane Clay 
_ JH Davies 

Warn 5-10-7 PArngtaaep) 

MKA Morgan 5-10-7 A Webb 

it (Durtstnij) V Thompoon 4-10-6 - MrM Thompson (4) 

CmriR DWoodhousa 4-1M J A Hams 

Baker) BRfGhroond 4-1 0-6 — J Barlow 

E A WhBStor 4-10-1 GLanOwjg 

C Dennis (7) 

3 00-2000 JUSTSPUD 
B 4490-0 HNWOH 
7 0000 PfUNCERAMD 

13 MF 
is ■ ' mm 

19 3P-0000 
21 000 
23 fi 


a o 


30 ' P0 

81 8® 

32 00 

33 400 

SB 00 ROYAL SHOE (T Lee^ F C LeM 4-tU-l 

11-4 Loo Cabin. 7-2 WU Mid Motor. 5-1 Just Ouai, 1M Maid Mariner. 7-1 Cheeky Roses. 
9-1 Madam. 10-1 Cmgtn WNrar. W-l odwrs. 

Southwell selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Crickstown. 2.45 Mild Miki Motor. 3.15 Tealby Lad. 3.45 
Isaac Newton. 4.15 Kil tipper. 4.45 Rhoerus. 

By Michael Seely 

3.15 J-J-Henxy. 4.15 INTREPIDA (nap). 4.45 Deadly Going. 

3m) (18) 

1 H2UD1 EASTER BRIG (D Kane) G Rtehards 6-11-12 C Dermis 

2 0Q312P WGH BARN (D>(B Chamtey) B Chamtay 7-11-12 STwnar(3) 

3 1204 LOST AUEhi O^rd Matthews) I V Mannews 5-11-1 1 K Buna 

4 2-01 IXTWPBtnt McOc^Ure MDmwon 7-11-7 JO Davies 

8 OP KM^SOtwUIPCHSffilARed Manufacturing) STHatria 9-1 1-2 EUirahy 


> lOTCHBfi (ABed Manufacturing S T Karris 

RavansouCtt Mrs J Barrow 8-11-2 

l MV BONDjUs B Curtml B J Culay 6-1 1-2 . 

M lit VORD iS MY BOND (Mrs B QtfVeyl B J Cutey 6-1 1- 
3 OWEN DUFFMss M Furness) Mrs M Dkfcfaison 7-11-2, 
PBOUDPOMPEYJGEnnor) Mrs C Chris 5-11-1 



30 2P418P H0B 0UR NE 3 CWL(Q(G A 

(Mrs D Handy) S 





300 GALA 
043 LADY 

1 Mrs C Clark 5-11-1 PAFarrei 

mensonj W A Stephenson 5-11-1 — D Condel (3) 
A fomdon) R D Wdaftouse 

5-11-1 Jayne Thompson 

S Motor 4-10-12 G Landau 

mpson 7-10-11 J OXkxman Q) 

W5-IO-10 M m 

raneertng) R Hstwr 5-10-10 K Ryan 

(Bf) (Mbs C Coyne) M Ryan 4-10^ — C Core 

3.15 JAMES SEELY HUNTER CHASE ( ama te a m £1,210: 3m 110yd) 

1 1/31P3-1 THE RAW BARRER [M *VSS522C 

3 Itct-PF CHEBOOOdAfH Any) HBPViy 13-12-0 J Wrafhal 

5 reSSaASH «fe wwAIW * SMpheaaon SM24) J G««4 

6 121F-0 TEALBY UB) (A Jones! A E Joneatl-l&O ■■■ ■ AM 1 

7 Ottrw) TSfOlEHRi^JM aefl Mrs M Rlmrf 11-12-0 U BOI M 
11 3P^Q241- WHtGaEaatArawiraiBtoASMideraotilMbaJSarKWMn^^^ 

U 4M0W AB CTVANTCT «.«B Vta^RAP<^fr1j-7 r GWragg?) 

15 PFOPPW QLEWJOWH? AOOT JR (Stool) RJtertoot T2-1I-7 — 

— ■. D H roon f 
MtaASUwl 7 
MSowonhy 7 
. A JsssoofJ 

TP Marks 9-lf-7JSnarpl< 



17 Wl 

18 JW4®«Y 



7-2 Mraplda. 4-1 U»t AKwl 5-1 Owen Dull. 13-2 HUh Bam, 7-1 Lady Woodpecker, 
Jetametar Gem. 8-1 Easter Bng, 10-1 My Word Is My Bond, 16-1 others. 

4.45 ANIffiSLEY HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,625: 2m) (20) 

1 14100J- RHOECUSfFR) ID) (MMira)9 Ml? MDicMnson 7-12-5 r— Q Brad 

4 0-P0PC0 FAfTHHA.DONnra(MThontpe<m)VThanH]eon 7-11-8 UM Thompson 

5 23B2QZ CASTLE ORWM (i Msnfimw) I Mafflvws 8-11-6 T Heeney 

6 2MHD SOAEJBOS IC-0J Jackson) F ^dtson 10-114 — Mr R Morris 

7 0120-20 DlElOUTS TROVE (D) |B CoAnsonJ H CoarwrtdciB 5-1 1 -3 REmnstww 

9 421F04 CHUCKBOCK fpm& SmBfrtS Q Smith 9-11-1 MBjwan 

10 0AW1O- DOUBLE DCRXxMT (CXD) (C HaarJ H naming B-11-0 ______ M Peppw 

11 M2HD DRAW TIE LMEffi-» (Mrs M S*wart)B Richmond 7-11-0- PCorogan(7J 

Mra J Croft 9-1 1-0 Witanphroys 

H OfteN 7-10-13 C Cox (4j 

K Bndgwatar 6-10-10 . WWontvngior 

)G Moore 5-104 M Ha mmond 

Tannor) W Whanon 5-10-7 
(C Whaefley) C TneOkw 6-104 



18 31302 DEADLY G0BHI 

19 #»RI14 WANUT3I&LJ 

20 014104 BUCMWSTERj 

SJ O'Neal 
A Sharpe 

Q Landau (7) 

7-2 Tw Cherries. 4-1 Peace Pash. 5-l_The Rato Berthe frl ^KHtenty. 1«aiBaMo Ora. 
H Hono u raMa Man. 10-1 MBXflgie Geo. 12-1 Teatoy latit 16-1 otiiera. 

_ CHAflROH flh (Tow-Star Ltd) J Norton 8-10-1 _ _ 

29 OOOPIP BUR LEY Hft JL LASS (0) (C Pcmton) E Wheetor 5-1QC O Landau (7) 

30 D02MO BLACKWELL. BOY (UM) (Tnam Soutfi WON Lid) A Jarnee 5-1IM 
4-1 Caatia OttoaL 5-1 Rboecus. 6-1 Dianar* Trow. 133 Draw The Line. 6-1 Deady 

Going, 9-1 tn A Nushefl, 10-1 Axkngran M. 12-1 Bucfcmnsnr Boy. York Cottage. 

Going: soft 

2.0 WESTON SEIZING HURDLE (Div I: £775: 2m) 
(12 runners) 

4 00PP DRCORN£UUSmGAHam5-11-t SMaskoyQ 

5 FM6 EXTRUDE BRCamOttWe 6-1 1-4 R Hatfield (7) 

8 OO-P IV ANTES T N Baiiej 611-4 — 

17 4240 WOROSWCHIMBPreece 5-11-4 PMBzr(7) 

20 02- BJtoOONiBt JO Thomas 5-10-13 AQnftnhs 

24 POO QuraSBURYUZRWJefliey 5-10-13 — 

25 4200 TREGEWOG R 9 Francis 5-10-13 — 

27 00 EL-HAR-LE-MARWJMusson 4-1012 C Smith 

32 BLUE SIMMY A FlAigraon 4-10-7 PNEhote 

35 00 MRS SUfiffiLE P J Hobos 4-10-7 PwerHoKa 

36 ROSIE’S DEAL Mrs A TucUr 4-10-7 — George Kregm 

38 0 SPARXLMG WIT J P Pnc» 4-10-7 MrMPnce(7) 

6- < EWter-Le+to, 3-1 Wordsworth, 9-Z Tregemog. 7-1 Exmate. 
10-1 B J Moon, 14-1 others. 

Ludlow selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 El-Har-Lc-Har. 2.30 Star Of Ireland. 3.0 
Royal Baize. 3.30 ROYAL TO DO (napk 4.0 
Blue Sparkie. 4.30 Fred Piliiner. 5.0 Asmid. 5.30 
Mr McGee. 

2J30 WESTON SELUNG HURDLE (Div II: £773: 2m) 

7 P-PP HAVERS ROAD WG Moms 5-1 1-4 — 

12 24-3 PEL0P0NNESE(USJUPJ Hobo 6-11-4 _ Plater Hohbs 

14 -002 R0VAL VALEIIR P J Bevan6-1l-4 GMcCmn 

15 1-40 STAR CF KHJUH) (D) G Price 6-1 1-4. _ MrMPnce(7) 

19 -P04 BaLEKWORG Frost 5-10-13 JFrost 

22 FM I0TTY WREN BG Hicks 6-10-1 3 — 

26 0040 CUT A CAPER B Preece 4-10-12. PM*ar0 

31 P0P0 AVCTTEMCoaea 4-10-7 K Traylor 0 

33 OP HOLME COOERTJw*es 4-10-7 TPmfaMfT) 

34 OFO LITTLE DtaePLE Mrs C Saymoia 4-10-7 — -RKrcnge 

37 « SHARDAROBA JDDevies 4-T0-7 C Seward 

2-1 Star 01 Ireland. 5-2 Royal Valour, 7-2 Petopannesa. 11-2 

BsBeMno. 10-1 Cut A Caper, 14-1 otiiera. 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£1 .723: 2m) (18) 

2 0403 MORAL VICTORY G B Balding 5-11-10 — RGuesi(7) 

7 8000 TAROOGAAftS BEST RE Peacock 6- f(-fi — 

8 1080 PASS ASHORE (DIM Other 7-11-4 JD Doyle (4) 

9 0411 STORMY MONARCH (D) G H Jones 5-11-4 __ G Jones 

10 M3 FREEMASON 0 Sherwood 5-11-3 SStwwood 

14 2-00 RAJA KKANfUSA) J Chuog 5-11-2 P Dover 

IB 0001 ROYAL BAIZE (D) J H Baker 

0-10-13 (Sax) Mr L Haney 0 

20 000 KOONDAWMORBswortfi 5-10-11 R Amen (4) 

22 2000 REST J Webber 4-10-11 MJenknsfT) 


7-1 0-9 Mr J Cambidge (4) 

25 3R» LITTLE BEAVER D ►flehotson 5-10-9 PScuoamore 

25 000 STATE BUDGET W J Uu3Son 5-10-6 C Sown 

27 F-00 KASKAABT A Foraiar 6-10-7 HDawes 

29 /OK EMNCERH PARIS (FRIRTJuekea 6-10-7 TPnBM0 

30 MOO BABY BOY TBHaBeh 5-10-7 BWngra 

31 030 FATHER MAC Mrs MRmaH 5-1 0-7 JBrvan 

33 000 NEW SONGTB) M Okwr 7-100 R Donwoody 

34 040 SCOTTISH wE8< D Burahel B-10-6 S Davies 0 

7- 2 Simmy Monarch. 4-1 Freemason, 6-1 Royal Baize. 6-1 Moral 
Vfcury, Tarqogan's Best A Pass Ashore. 10-1 Rest Nasftsah. 

CHASE (£1,940: 2m 4f) (9) 

2 3043 BRK»rOASSS(CND)(LlColEPtiaap1KCBaaey 

10-11-8 Mr T Thomson Jones 

3 PU-P DUESBBERG fDY Mrs J Pitman 9-11-8- — BoeHaan 

5 203- ROUSPETBI D Ncnoison 9-11-8 P Scu&rosre 

6 P34 ROYAL »CRE(C» Mrs U Rimea 9-1 1-6. ... jBr,an 

7 0112 ROYAL TO DO (DKBF) T A Forster 10-11-5 _ H Danas 

13 40PO R0GAB1I0 P G Ba&sy 10-10-8 K Uocney 

14 OOPO ( gnftJttW OGE (C-O} D R Gendotlln 6- 10-3- P Barton 

15 3043 3COT3 NOGOER(&0)JP Spearing 11-1M P Werner 

18 2P3P CHARLEY FtSHER(D)JCos93VB 11-1 D-0 N BaOoage 
156 Royal To Do, 56 Bride Oasas, 5-1 Royal Mere. 8-1 

DuesaNtet& 10-1 Rouspater, 12-1 Scots Nopger. i4-i omera. 

2m 5f) (14) 

1 0/1 KMtCVKOUSEPJHotJBS 6-11-2 PORrKobbs 

2 3-0 ANOTHER lEASON J Caswaifli 9-11-0 J Sumero 

3 0OC3 BLUE SPARKS JAOU5116. MrCUewerin 

4 0SP4 BUMBLES FOLLY (KZ1DH Barone 5-116 _ HJavws 

5 P6P CANDY mm D Skxsnwed 7-i i6 Samamha Duisier 17} 

6 «n HACKLESTON P Hayward 7-116 C Mann 

10 PWI RMGABMG J V CndGie 8-116 Mj S ?r,rjor 

11 4000 ROYAL CEDAR Mrs MFwneB 5-H6 — PScacarora 

12 0 T0M3 UTILE TALE DJM^ray-Smith 

14 0FP2 BUSH MWT J A Edwenfa 5106 MiMRenaroim 

16 0-00 LADY DOQNE M Tare 5106 C Snv.n 

17 M0 LEVANTINE ROSE MC Pipe 6-10-9 J Lo-er ,T| 

19 COO NEW FARMER J P Pnce 4- 106 Mr te P-ca I?) 

21 C TURN MILL Mrs 3 Dave-*3Crt 5i93 P Wsnvn 

94 Royal Cedar. 114 Hancymouse, 7-2 Bfc« SparV*. 51 
Another Lessen, 10-1 Bumbtas Foiiy, Tom s Lm» 7 j». 14- j otwis. 

CHASE (£1.786: 3m) (11) 

3 PP20 UTILE PCLVE1R (D» J A Edwards 511-9.. . C Brawn 
6 4030 FRED PtLLMER ID! M Scuda-nore 911-5 P Scuoamore 

8 2003 BASHFUL LAD lu-D) M Odvei U-lD-11 .. R Dun*i>»y 

9 4-OP BRIDGE ASM J I Jcnnun 1510-9 Rv.iimtn 

10 «Ca NATIVE BREAK (USA) 4*s W S»Mc 5197 .. P Warner 

11 PP0- UNDER-RATED Mrs A Aupieyart 9 195 — 

12 3304 KASHHX (BF1 S Manor 9192 M Hamnqiwi 

13 0124 SWIrT ROY ALE <BF) O Stwmwd 9l9(. S Snerw'eod 

14 243F GOU)£H HORNET K w Dunn 9106 R 5ironca 

16 0111 CROWIWG UO!CENT(3) I P WarS<a 1 M90 K Uoor>ey 

17 2440 BALLYDOKAGM (C-DJ D H Nucenr 

13-190 Mr L Hervey (7] 
114 Bashful Lad. 10930 Uttia Poliwlr. 4-1 Red Piteiar. 152 
Swift Royaa. 91 Ctommis Moment 12-1 GoUen Hornet 151 


2m 4f) (16) 

2 F1F2 FICNNADOtRiulfBFIFTWmer 911-10 Mr C 0ron»U5 fH 

7 0FP1 KING JO Mrs M RmeU 91 <6 (7n) FScuoamore 

8 1013 AFRICAN STAR (DiRG Frosi 8- n-1 j Rest 


9 1 16 T PmPvJd (71 

12 F4F3 OFFTCtAL DRESS M OW 9197 R Ou 

13 210U ASWDfB) FT Wrnisf 7-197 J Duggan 

15 FI 34 HIGH (UOGEJB)(C-0)JPwTBt7- 195 R Strong 

19 COM MILORE I P Werdie 9191 — . h Mtwey 

20 OOP- OAMPTER (ITYJ JB Ba*ar 519 f Mr 1 tan?y 

21 0P3P WA1TER(B1 M Oliver 9)06 JDDd,10i4l 

22 MG PRETTY TOUGMS) W G Moras 9106 Wltewiwi 

23 oau LUIGI'S GlORv G H Tardily 9106 C Snath 

25 633 PfDDSEN JWMY(B) T 9 Habati 

7- 190 Sarrssntha Dunsiw |7] 
28 JO 00 SPEAD CHECK J L Soesmg 19190 PCtevor 

32 003U RTZGAYl£(E)DH Barms B-lC-0 PNcroas 

33 PD00 TFOUNGjax Mrs HDcwson 7-190 J Sumam 

91 Fipnaittoh. 7-2 King jo. 92 Ridge. 91 Asian. 51 

African Star. 191 Official Dress. 14-1 others. 

£685: 2m 5f) (IB) 

1 1310 RINUS D McCW 5126 — 

2 3100 COnA GLEN (NZ) T A Forater 511-7 H Davies 

3 0001 UTTLE MYNDG H Jones 7-11-2 G . ones 

4 CCFP ACnOMDAYJAOU5ll6 Mr C Liaweffyn (71 

5PPP0 BARTON BOY KW Dunn 5116 R Suonge 

6 OOP DEEP DASH N J Henderson 9116 — S Srr-in Ecdas 
9 0/4P HOt* &U.V P Havward 7-T16 C Mann 

10 006 MARSTON KOOK [USA! B PaUno 5U6 ... C Evans .7) 

11 0300 KSTER CHRISTIAN inZ) D H B arons 9116 PNxtohs 

12 03-3 MR MCGEE N J Henderson 91 16 J Mu® 

14 -CO PHK PANTHER R HotaisneaC 9116 — 

16 324 UPHAH GAMBLE OR Garucho 5116 PEanon 

17 9 WELL -CHILLER R G Frost 7-ri6 J Frost 

18 OF BIT OF SPACE G A Ham 9*99 N Co* man 

19 29P GMGEROOE D C Tucker 19199 . — 

30 -030 fVY ROYAL P J Bamtord 7-I9P P Chrnvxxjy 

22 FO SAFMCA D Bur6iaa 9199- — S Dames 

23 OOOP SPARTAN NATIVE A W Jem 5l9S..... Mas D Jews 
52 Mr McGee. 51 Rlnus. 4-1 Cora Glen. 11-2 LtBe Mynd. 12-1 

Iftjham Gamue. 14-! Pmk Pamher. 151 ottiora. 

Double for 

David Nicholls. who rode half 
a dozen winners in India during 
the winter, brought off a double 
at Catterick Bridge yesterday 
when he won the Oran Maiden 
Slakes on Artful Maid and the 
Foreert Park Selling Stakes on 
Brampton Imperial. 

Artful Maid, who showed 
speed on her debut when sixth at 
Doncaster on Saturday, was 
ideally suited by the sharp 
course and led all the way. 

“She is very fast, h 2 s been 
working well, and would have 
been second at Doncaster had 
she not blown up," her trainer. 
Bill Stubbs, said. 

Brampton Imperial was the 
first winner of the season for the . 
Stillingion trainer David 

Sandown weights 

CHASE (3m SMBwn ; Comos Dncft lOyrs 
IZsiOto. Rahinarw Man 9-11-6. Earls Bng 
11-116. Galway Blaze 10-11. 5. 
DrunHaroan 12-116, Cyprandran 511-2, 
Canny Danny 1911-2. The Taarpmcti 19 
11-1, Observe 1911-1. Door Latch 911 - 
0. Special Cargo 191912. Bv The Way 9 
1910. Hard Case 91910, West Tip 919 
10. Ryeman 9199. Von Trappe 9196. 
Rhyme 'nr Reason 7-197. Greasepam 
11-197. Coraraoeal 9196. Sasun Bndce 
9194. Green Bramble 9193. Master 
Donovan 19193. HaBo Danoy 12-106. 
Mr Snogflt 9190. Casde Warden 9-106, 
Beamwam 9 1 90. Buotoe 7-106. Gouen 
Friend 9106, I Haw^taUgnt 7-9-13. 
Ptundertng 9913. Boorros Cross 7-9-T3. 
Duke Ot Milan 9912. Gaflaner 19911, 
Broadheam 9910. The Eflter 10-910. 
Dumper 9910. Why Forget 1999. Catch 
Phrase 99 b. T7» Tlaifcer 998. jo 
C olombo 11-97. Chow Mam 997 . 
Cortes 11-9*6, Marcoio 9-9€. Arctic 
Beau 895. Blue Tarqtnn 7-95. You ra 
Wetoomo 1095. tmegration 1294. 

Fethard Fnend 11-93. Churcn Waroan 7- 
9-2. Boyiwane 8-92. Coatey Express 10- 
91. Insure 991, Membereon 6-91. 
MAcoJrvsr 9913. Barryswlla' 10-912. 
Cranlome 9912 Word Hinder 9911. 
Bnctffi Oassis 10-911. Future Proswrity 
9911. Bally-Go 9911. Flaxen Tma 99 

10. Kma Swucb 12-9 tO. The Last PnnM 
999. Rovscar 066. Veiesc 99B. Mount 
Obver 997. Succeeded 997. Aracmn 
Music H-96, Leone 11-96. Eota Yeo- 
man 10-95. Braes OTufiy 11-6-5. St 
Aucan 995. Manton Castle 12-91. Our 
Bars Bov 991. Lumen 11-7-T3. Imperial 
Black 197-10. Pemas Lucky 97-fi. 
Wert are 97-7. Atnford 197-4. Otterv 
News 1974. Mr Oryx 13-910. Spinning 
Reel 1999. Hopeful Sant 3-66. Jubilee 
Kmg 953. To be run et Sandown Pam. 

Apia 26. 

Newmarket acceptors 

CAP (3-y-o: 7f) : Lean On Time 9sr 2®. 
hangaie 0 13. Green Desert 3 13. Cent 
Heir 811. TraJtnee 8 10. faraway 8 

10. Shairood 8 1C. Gwycton 6 0, Bravo Fo* 
8 6 Sino £ 8. Tender Lovmq Care 6 3. 
Brave Owen 0 8. Jareer 8 a Sir Tms One 
Out S 7. Tantxma & 7. Erirancmg 8 7. 
Soucnaan o 7. Caanmo 6 5. Wassi Totch 5 

B, Ete 5 Errcn 6 6 . AcB MaB 2 1 C-'wrwrtli 
Park B 5. Top Ruler 6 5. Aisnntaran 8 4. 
HbLo Emara B 4. Brerit te Hum B 4. 
Barrack Street 8 4. ftoarmq R«a B 3, 
~L35dC 8 3. fbnetad 8 3, Sperry E 3. 
Sama.nd S3. Badarbak S3. Sweet Adaunda 
E 2 mrfisky 8 2. Bndesnaid 8 2. Nalwe 
Wizard 6 2. Pdotjw 8 2. Ortental Soldmr 8 
2. mrj B6 S 2 Foyi 8 2. T 0 be run at New- 
markeL Apnl ffi. 


"Y • •• 

71 -re 7vr» wAwiriT: ' 1 


By Jenny MacArthor 

Fergj Eilbotg and the Ger- 
man-bred Giovanni had a 
happy preparatory outing yes- 
terday for today's grand pnx 
when they won l he Advanced 
Test the equivalent standard 
of ihe Intermediate If lcsl at the 
dressage selection trials at 
Stonelcigh in Warwickshire. 

The West German-bom Eil- 
berg felt that the ll-year-old 
Giovanni, only in his second 
year of grand prix, was a “bit 
sluggish" during his test and a 
good kick to wake him up 
resulted in a break during the 
extended iro:. But this was a 
trilling mistake set alongside the 
rnl of the test in which his 
canter pirouettes were as near 
Iaultlc55 as one could hope to 

Eilbcrg. who next month goes 
to Australia 10 train the British 
three-day event team for the 
world championships, finished 
a clear 20 marks ahead of David 
Hum. the ruoner-up. on Maple 
Zenith, the winners of the grand 
prix here last year. 

As Hunt and Eilberg are both 
prolessionals they are unable to 
be selected for championship 
teams but the three riders in 
yesterday's class are all ama- 
teurs and. providing they im- 
press today, are very much in 
contention for 2 place in the 
team for the world champion- 
ships which take place in Can- 
ada in AugusL 

The first of these is Jennie 
Loriston-Clarke who. despite 
nursing 3 painful righi knee 
which she injured in 2 fail (while 
walking across a ditch on foot) 
at the end of January , took third 
place on Dutch Gold. The 10 
year-old son of Dutch Courage 
will have r.o further outing until 
Goodwood at the end of May 
because he will be hard at work 
cover. ng mares. 

Diana Mason had a successful 
outing on Prince Consort, the 
horse Mrs Lorist on -Clarke rode 
in me (9S4 Olympics, and 
shared fourth place yesterday 
with Frances Rudge on Florida 
Flash. Mrs Rudge has proved 
something of a phenomenon in 
the dressage world which, at top 
national level, rarely produces 
new faces. 

.Mrs Loriston-Clarke went on 
to produce the biggest surprise 
of the day when she and 
Catberston Dutch Bid. owned 
by Mastcrlock Recruit men L 
were the decisive winners of the 
Prix Si Georges class which had 
the strongest entry ever seen at 
these trials. 

RESULTS: ACveoea Test No 58: L 
Giovanni if Eiltergi 624; 2. Maple Zemtn 
ID Hunt). 604: 3. Dutcn GoW iJ Lonston- 
Qart-ei. 802; 4 . ricmfla FUsb (F Puogei. 
*ne Pnre* Consort ID Mason). 599. Prta 
St Gacrgos: t, Cairwtron Dutcn EW (J 
Lonston-Oarkaj, 753; 2. Wily Imp t? 
Gardiner). 733: 3. Diplomat (T Larngan- 
RoEWflnl. 723. 

INT£HKEDtARE II: 1. Troy 11 (S 
wnnmore). -99. 

2. Mptic Minstrel (R Bayltssj, 463: 3. WHy 
imp|P Oorfr-ner). 460. 



bits I 

of the best 

By Sydney Friskin 

Robert Thompson scored all 
four goals for London in their 4- 
0 victory over Cvford Co reach 
the semi-finals of the British 
Universities Sports Federation 
tournament at Loughborough 
yesterday. He took his tally 10 
six. one more than Mike 
Vcllowlecs. of Scotland. 

Oxford had the better of the 
early exchanges but lost their 
rhythm after the departure of 
Ofdershaw, who collided with 
Sefton. Lhe London goalkeeper, 
and received a facial injury. 
Thompson's first goal was 
scored in the 25th minute from a 
penally stroke and the second 
came from a short comer almost 
on half-time. 

London increased their lead 
from a short comer early in the 
second half with Julian Blake 
ju*i lading to stop the shot from 
Thompson, who failed to con- 
vert a penally stroke mid-way in 
this period but made amends 
from a similar award four 
minutes before the end. 

L'Al ! II defeated Northern 
Ireland 5-2 to secure their place 
in the last four. They led 3-0 and 
eventually went 5-1 ahead with 
two goals by Wall and three 
from Osborn, one from a pen- 
alty stroke. Both Northern ire- 
la rid goals were scored from 
short comers by Richardson. 

In the other group. Cambridge 
made UAL: I struggle for a 2-1 
victory and their place in the 
semi-finals. . 

Scot iand, however, finished 
on top of this group by defeating 
Wales 3-0 to achieve their third 
victory in a row. 

RESULTS: Group A: Nc^rhem Ireland 2. 
UAU II 5. London a. Oxl ard 0. Group B: 
Camcridgfi 1 . UAU 1 2. Scotland 3. Woles 0. 


Kick -oil 7 .30 unless stated. 


CENTRAL LEAGUE: Aston vaia v DerEy 


F06T3ALL COM2 INA not: (26k Bngrt- . 
tan v CPR. Prist at Rovers v Swvitidn. 
Fiittuin v Eurmmgham: Swansea v 


vteiera EcMm & Ewe<l v Hnehm, 
Kmgstonian v Croydon: Siougft v Sutton 
Ltd. First dwfcfton: Basildon v Boren em 

vision nortiu vauxrtafi Stators v Clapton 
f7 451 . Second dnwnn soutii: Soutnall v 
Mei Police: WnyroieeJe v Hungertord 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Prenoer dhriMon: 
AywjsOurt V piuaey (at Trmg FC): King's 
Lvnn v IVikenfijJL E£U Pelkyw Cup: Sem- 
final second test Trowonoga (0) v 
Cnennsioro n) 


CLUB MATCHES: Lytdney v Oaeaster 
(7.0): The Anry v Lonoor Como OS (at 

AlOersnol} |3.0L 

BADflHHTOH: bwzitce Group 
Guernsey Open (St P«er s. P<vtl. 

GOLF: Sunmngdele Foursomes 

REAL TcNNIS: GetFhft Wimjsey Amateur 
Smote* Puuriplonsrap |LM si. 
SNOOKER: Emuassy wor*) p/of«sn}nal 
eharopjonsh-p- QuaWying (Prasion Guild 


TENNIS: WemaraH North cl England hard 
coun mampunsraps iScutnporr Argvta 

Oxford United yesterday 
completed the signing of Steve 
Perryman, the Tottenham 

The 34-year-old defender 
had talks 'earlier this week 
with Maurice Evans, the Ox- 
ford manager, and the formal- 
ities were completed yesterday 
by Jim Hunt, the club secre- 
tary. Two weeks ago Evans 
said he was no longer interest- 
ed in Perryman, but negotia- 
tions were reopened following 
two consecutive defeats in the 
League which pushed the Milk 
Cup finalists back into the first 
division relegation zone. 

Perryman is expected to 
make his debut against 
Queen's Park Rangers - 
Oxford's opponents in the 

Milk Cup Final — at Manor 
Road on Saturday. 

9 Bournemouth have agreed 
terms with Bristol Rovers for 
thw winger Mark O'Connor, 
the Republic of Ireland under- 
21 international. He will make 
his debut at home to Swansea 
on Saturday. 

• John Bond, the Birming- 
ham City manager, has a 
dilemma in deciding whether 
to use Billy Gallon against 
Manchester United on Satur- 
day. The 21-year-old defender 
is on loan from Old Traffbrd 
and Ron Atkinson, the Man- 
chester United manager, has 
said he would prefer the player 
□ot to play in the meeting 
between the two sides. 


Sports Council backed 

By George Hill 

A call for the downgrading of 
the Sports Council has been 
rejected in a Commons Environ- 
ment Committee report Into the 
financing of sport. 

The report has come oat 
against a claim from the vol- 
mrtary Central Comal for 
Physical Recreation for the 
downgrading of the Sports 
Cornell and for the r es tituti on of 
the executive powers taken from 
it when the Sports Council was 
set np on its present bams in 
1972. While agreeing that there 
is an overlap between the two 
b odies , it cooaudes that it is the 
CCPR whose usefulness is in 
doubt. It is little more than a 
lobbying organization, which 
should be financed by the sport- 
ing interests it represents. 

“It is not for my committee to 
pronounce whether or not a 
vofustary committee should con- 
thane to exist,'" said Sir Hugh 
Rossi, chairman of the commit- 
tee, said yesterday at a Press 
conference to launch the report. 
“However, we can and do say we 
see no justification, mi the 

evidence, for continuous public 
ftmdmg of the CCPR." 

The report also says that 
underused school sports facil- 
ities coaid be made available for 
wider wiwwiiiiiy use if the 
Education Department were less 
ob s t r uc ti ve. It called for greater i 
firmness by minis ters in bring- 
ing talks between the DES and 
the Env ir o nnm ent Department 
to a speedy conclusion and 
persuading officials in the DES 
to shed “departmental 

“It seems to be a feature of 
both local and central govern- 
ment that departments tend to 
protect their own empires from 
all ottos and fail to view the 
pnHicneed in the round’," says 
the report. Half of the 880 
additional sports balls that the 
Sports Council plans to build in' 
the next ten years could be, 
provided almost immediately by 
an expansion of .dual use of 

y fcm il hiilt, if yf fl imi fn 

Tie Sport* Camadk Second 
Report firm tke Emrirommart 
Committee ; HMSO, £ 9.60. 

ABdMdBD&istiMtanssnilt^ « n ^ hea ** 22011 

£00 LS'Ll'v ERPO OL • 




24PTS £7,688 20 

23PTS £106-60 

22V2PTS £23-15 

22PTS £10-50 

2 IV 2 PTS £2-95 

21 PTS £0-95 

ItafalB Chance Arid ndsrauniis of Y$p, 






24 pts £1594-35 

23 pts £22-70 

22%ptS £5-05 

22 pts £240 

21% pts £060 

Treble Chance Dividends to Units of 

10 HOMES -...£45.60 

IPeid on 9 Correct) 

(Nothing Barred) 

5AWAYS „...£065 

(Nothing Barred) 

P9C6 £3-40 

Above Dividends to Units ot 10 p. 
Expenses and Commission lor 8th 
March 198632-9% 

For coupons Pfione 01-200 0200. 



■ * " a... 'l •/" • tiZ/ipl 

The duel for tbe CTOwm GirardelK (left) was taken to the last breath of the season by Zoi briftsea 

The season without end is over 

Bromont, Quebec (Reuter) - 
It took 38 races over eight 
months on three continents, 
including South America, be- 
fore the men’s World Cup 
Alpine siding title was decided 
by less than half a second in 
the season's test race. 

The climax came in a duel 
between Marc Girardeili, of 
Luxemburg, the bolder, and 
Pirmin Zurbriggen, of Swit- 
zerland, the former champion, 
in this eastern Canadian resort 
after a year in which each 
admitted to a series of frustra- 
tions. Girardeili prevailed, 
keeping his title, after 
Zurbriggen was 45-100ths_of a 
second short of victory in a 
slalom that would have given 
him his second title. 

Girardeili praised his 
opponent's challenge: “If be 
caught me, he would have 
deserved it, that's for sure, 
because he put up a very good 
performance." In the end 
Girardefli’s skill in several 
disciplines returned the over- 
all title to Luxemburg, to 
which he moved at the age 14. 
He was born in Austria but 
does not compete there be- 
cause of disagreements with 
ski officials. 1 

Girardeili did not win any 
individual disci plines but 
scored well in the downhill, 
slalom, giant slalom and su- 
per-giant slalom sta n di n g s . 
Surprisingly, downhill was 
Girardelli's best event this 
season; Zurbriggen excelled in 
the slaloms although having a 
reputation as an ace 

The Swiss 1984 champion 
conceded that he could have 
clinched the overall title on 
several occasions during the 
year had it not been for 
misfortune. He was injured in 
a spectacular 140 kph crash at 
Val D’Iserein December and 
was concerned over the illness 
ofa sister for much of the year. 
“I think when you are really 
down but are able to come up 
and ski well you learn so 
much," he said. "It's really 
important for me next year. I 
know bow to ski slalom now 
for the next season." 

S' the season was frustrating 
for the two rivals, it was also 
difficult for World Cup offi- 
cials. Poor weather in Europe 
caused many postponements 
during the longest-ever season 
in tbe circuit’s 20-year history. 
Serge Lang, the president and 

founder of the World Cup 
organizing co mmittee, de- 
scribed it as hectic! 

He raid that m we snow- 
making equipment would be 
available in Europe next year 
and that skiers' complaints 
over too many races would 
probably result in fewer events 
in 1986-87. “Everybody agrees 
we have too many races," he 
raid. ”We are working on that 
so we can have fewer next 

The men squabbled with' 
the organizing body over 
when conditions were safe 
enough to race. “It was a bitter 
thing and the racers had the 
right to complain over hazard- 
ous conditions," Lang said. 
There is still no settlement 
over skiers' demands for more 
prize-money and the dispute 
left hard feelings on both 
sides. “The racers are paid to 
race so if they are good enough 
they can win substantial 
money," Lang said. 

Peter Mueller, of Switzer- 
land, lost the downhill title on 
the last race of the season in 
British Columbia when he fell 
200 metres from the finish, 
- allowing Peter Wrmsbeiger, of 

Austria, to overtake him by 
five points. But 1985-86 also 
raw the emergence of a new 
star in Rok Petrovic, ofYugo- 
stevia, who won five slalom 
events and captured the title 
in that discipline. 

The accomplished .Ihgemar 
Stenmark, of Sweden, made a * 
strong come-back to finish 
second by one point in the 
gian t slalom standings- to Joel 
Gaspoz, of Switzerland. 
Stenmark was also second in 
the slalom standings to 
Petrovic and finished fifth 
overaU in Worid Oup points. 

Markus Wasmrier, of West 
Germany, won the super-giant 
slalom title after showing un- 
expected potential an d was 
also top of the combined 
standings ahead of Leonhard 
Stock, of Anstria. Austria had 
an unexpectedly good year, 
pressing the /powerful Swiss 
for the Nations Cup. But 
Switzerland took the comped- 
tion, which is based on the 
placing of team members, in 
each Worid Cop event, on the 
strength of the combined 
men's and women's team. . 


► in Holders 


l-JI U M 

Walliser comes up trumps 

Quebec (Reuter) - Maria 
Walliser was the surprise per- 
former in a Swiss women's team 
whose domination of the 1985- 
86 World Cup alpine skiing 
season was widely predicted. 

Walliser, aged 22, runner-up 
in the 1 984 Olympic downhill in 
Sarajevo, won tbe overall in- 
dividual title to confound the 
theory that she lacked the 
consistency to do well over four 
gruelling months. Her team- 
mate, 19-year-old Micbela 
Figini, the previous Worid Cup 
bolder, had been tipped to 
repeal her triumph oftast season 
when she was simply out of - 
range for her competitors. 

Ironically though, Figini, who 
celebrated nine victories in 
1984-85, was the one who fell 
short this year while Walliser, 
unable to reach the top in 
previous Worid Cup com- 
petitions, showed strong 

Walliser won four races and 

However, the Swiss team, 
who won 10 races this year — 
seven fewer than last season — 
had io share success with West 
German and Austrian riders, 
who captured the super giant 
slalom and slalom titles 

Meanwhile, the United Stales 
learn, who won only one race, 
and the French, who won none,' 
proved to be disappointments. 
Tbe Canadians and Austrians 
did better than expected. 

Laurie Graham, of Oma da. 
who finished third in the down- 
hill standings, and Lisa 
Savijarvi. second in tbe super 
giant slalom, are now seen as 
world-class competitors. So too 
are tbe Austrians Katrina 
Gutensohn, second in the down- 
hill, and Roswitha Steiner, who 
clinched the slalom title with a 
dramatic victory in the last week 
of the season. 

Steiner, who won four races. 

was eleventh after the first leg m 
Waterville Valley, New Hamp- 
shire, and victory appeared 
unattainable. But her astonish- 
ing second run gave her the title 
over her closest rival Hess, who 
had to be content with second 
place in the season’s standings. 

Tbe battle between Walliser, 
Gutensohn and Graham for the 
downhill title was as gripping as 
the emergence of the gifted 17- 
year-old, Mateja Svet, of Yugo- 
slavia, was unexpected. Svet, 
winner of two races, In cludin g 
the last giant slalom here, was 
third in the ^ giant slalom 
prnidinp j and seventh overall in 
Worid Cup. Her rapid climb 
from thirtieth overall last year 
was achieved in only her second 
year on the World Cup tour. 

Although West German Ma- 
rina Kiehl won the super giant 
slalom discipline, she did not 
reach her potential this year. 
However, the West G ermans 
had three skiers in die top 10 


M 9H 


I Lj 


net tobeMcvt that, Jest at the 

are becoming toe mack ofngoad 


4 DRAWS £5 35 

10 HOMES £2.730-00 

4AWAYS £0-80 

Above Aridnds tenons of 10p 

Expense* and Commission 
8th March 1986—29-3% 

Artificial pitches win support from two clubs 

Doubts come to the surface 


’TOPS 'bv the h undredindude 

TREBLE CHANCE POOL 4draws....£ 5.4Q 
2* Pts £507.70) for 4 aways....£Q.6G 

23 ffl-gHjT 4 mMEs. £ 158.60 

22; Pts, £1.20 Atofldividend. 

22 Pts £0.60 7\% Expenses 6 Common tor 

BPiMsk* 086-358% 

forZljae. W ytxj hjwe cmMgdouT all Eight Mumtes 

The questions about all- 
weather, artificial pitches are 
now being asked in Rugby 
League. Despite the enthusiasm 
of Widaes and Salford, and the 
intentions both dubs have of 
nwmiiing such a surface follow- 
ing the lead of Latmi Town 
Football Club, there are consid- 
erable misgivings within the 13- 
a-side code. 

lit the past month repre- 
sentatives of Widaes and Sal- 
ford have visited Kenilworth 
goad to talk, abort and tread 

upon the artificial surface. B®tt 
i Hytimw now want to go 
ahead with their ambitious, and 
some may say grandiose plans to 
bsfld super-stadia at Naughts 
Park ami The WHIows, with the 
all-weather pitch smoanded by 
plush grandstands, mufti-sports 
centres and leisure facilities. 

Yet the doubts persist doubts 
as to the snHabifity of the 
surface far a physical contact 
game like Rugby League whore 
players come into contact with 
<h«» ground with awriMumi im- 
pact; doubts also about the 
possibility of injuries similar to 
the “grass bum" syndrome on 
dry. sun-baked normal turf. 

There is no doubting the 
enthusiasm of those who are 
guiding the Whines and Salford 
vestures. Tbe clubs are planning 



Keith Mack&n A 

to play the match at Keufl worth 
Road at the end of the season, 
either as an exhibition game or 
behind dosed doors, to rive the 
pitch a thorough suitability tart. 

The Salford t ww* 1 , Kern 
Ashcroft, said: “We were very 
impressed. Players might have 
to wear lmee-pads but the 
surface is suitable fear Rugby 
League." At Widaes the coach, 
Dong Laughton, is determined 
to go ahead with his scheme to 
have the artificial surface laid in 
tune for next season. 

A more cautious approach is 
adopted by the Widaes sec- 
retary, Ronnie Close. “The feel- 
ing of our d ele ga tion was 
reasonably optimistic, and the 
manufacturers laid us that they 
fed they can design a surface 
specially for Rugby League, 
similar to, but not quite the same 
as, soccer’s turf. 

“However, the proof of the 
puddiag is in the eating, and I 
suppose what we have not to do 
is to play a game on such a pitch 
and find ott. We have got to do 
more ho m ew o rk before we come 
to a final deastoa ” 


When coaches film Kerim 
Ashcroft talk guardedly about 
the possHde wearing of k n ee 
pads, and an experienced official 
like Ronnie Close caRs for a trial 
match to be played, there are 
obvious 5%g®ag doubts even 
among the believers in synthetic 

There are r ese rv ati ons at 
Rugby League headquarters. 
David Howes, the public rda- 
tioas officer, said; “We are a 
game of member dribs, and snch 
a revotatioaary step cannot be 
entered fete hastily without 
consulting aH the members at a 
full meeting of the counciL" 


How es added: “The main 
worry of League officials was the 
possibility of iqjpries to players, 
the greatest assets within the 
game. In soccer there is talk of 
the new-style surfaces coating 
new types of strains and fatfmfcs 
through players* lack of 
familiarity with than, and oars 
is a physical contact game. 

“We don't want to get to the 
print where players are padded 
up to the eyebrows, as in 
American football, bat we do not 
intend to approach this issue 
with Hosed minds. After aH, 
Rngby League has not to move 
with modem technology like aH 
other professional sports.” 



Hem Ottn. EC2. . 01-63 
41.41- Until ST April: AWT 

t ^ jir L — 1 — 1 

[Phone;.Oi -:a^537c'7 6 ;-^ up ^iP^ 

Vf , Mf .ro/rtri 


5 . 

--V 4 


Today’s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 



n thH: 



** i u S 


~ '-Ifcv.? l ut 

>--J . v , ^ 

«-■ '« .S' 

'*■ *-*•- 4 

‘ : ‘ T V 

■*!- £ V«t 

*■ '«--*> .iw 

. ' »•-. „ 

*■ • — hei . 

- •• »«.i a.-.: '«* 

-V 93i*“. ■Spi. Jftt 
•• - - 
-•» «• •* /-w-br ■» . 

■ Vl* -^10. 

1 '7> '"T 

r — ?— *». -Lit* « 

, .> v- " 

, N*»V.v,a. j men '.*• 

&sa Bre i lrlml Ubi wfth.Frarfc 
Bough and Dabble _ 

. Greenwood-"Waamer aft - 

SJHt regional news. 

; wwtherand traffic at&67, 
■ 7.27, 7J57 and &27; 

.. natkmaJ and Internationa! 



; review of me 
-newmapers at 447. 

■ . Zoe Brown's toenao 

report; Rk 

- :‘pfiono-ln metical advice: 

. : and-Glynn Christian wHh a 

- •• recipe. 

-9M ROM Rafs Eastar 

Extravaganza begins with 

- Laaslau The canny canine 

- heipa tniha iaecoe ofa 
crashed heUcopterpiot , 
Diverting Ideas for bored 

- - .-youngsttfallKIS ... 

_1 Jac M nofy. XEchaat Pafin 
reads h» own story. Small 
■ Hairy and the TOomache 


^ O eh ^ rftom^S^estBr 
. Cathedral attended by The 
Queen and the Duke of 

co mmenta tor te Eric : 
Robson. 12.00 

- " approximately Cssfsx, 
12.15 Tne Qospel According to 
St Matthew. The tourtft of 
seven ftrnswfth Peter 
•- Bartnworth, c- . 

1230 New After n oon Vrith Sue 
Carpenter and David 
Dairies indudes news 
headUnes with subtitles 
1235 Regional news and 

■ weather. 

IjOO Pebble MM at One Includes 
Dutch chtidren's author, . 

-- - Dick Brune. tatting about 
the characters he nas 
created for the under five*. 

- *.45 Hokey Cokey, (r) 2JM 
Ce e fex 3J52 Regional 

3lS 5 TT.V.Tea-flme television 
for the very young 4.10 
Elephant's Graveyard (i) 

- 415 Jacfcanory.Jorin 
Grant reads another tale 
about Littienoae and Two 

455 SateO a w i i't* ' 

Mewsround 555 Blue 
Ratec GoMto'e puppies 

Bind Puppy wwkang 


Tire Rtatstones. Cartoon 

555 , 

500 News with Siia L 
*■ Andrew Harvey.' 
055 London Phis. 
.750 Tc 


i Smith 

and Bruno 

750 MEndare. MteheBe 
earnests a decision about 
her baby. (Ceefax) - 
400 Tomorrow's Wbild. Judith 

- Hahn introduces theTatest 
tn car-wash technotagy; 
there Ism item on 
anexpartmem which may 
he 4 »ba 0 tes at rfefc from 

- cot death ; a nd thare are 
reports on devices to 

. ~ pr even t t rac aorefrtkn 
■■ slipping downhR In the 
mud; and golfers to : . 

improve their swing. 

050 .A.QuwMioo effort. . 

: EmlynHu^wsandBM 
. Beaunv^^Joinedby 
. .. Frw* Bruno. Chris ; 

■ , Whddle, Erik Gunderson, 

and Howard Clark. 

. viCeirfaxV 

: 150 Hewi wfth JUfiaSomervffle 
and Frances Covardale. 

“ ' Waalhar. 

- enactments of the murder 

- • oflhe London 

■ supemwketmanager 
■ •" stave WhfineB six weeks 
• ago; and the robbery of a 
lawe O nr yshopin ‘ 

Day's panelists are John 
Banhara, John Butcher, 

- -- ; MP, Lady Griraond, and 

Ken Livingstone. 

11.10 Crimewatab Update. 
_t150. Can You Avoid Cancel?. 
The fourth of five 

1155^ The Qonel AccenJtagto 
p . at Ma tth e w. A repeat of 
ggagjr e mnfoihownot 

1155 Weedier. 


8.15 Good 1 


Diamond and Heivy KMy. 
Exemlaes at 050 and 
417; news with. 

Mng at 430, 7.00,7.' 

054050 and 950; sport 
at 058 and754; Popays 
cartoon at 754} pop video 
8t755; Jeni Barnett's 

&AS; Ctalre Rayner 
comme n t s on under-age 
sex at 854; Jeni Bamatt 
reads viewers' letters on 
the subject at 9.12. 


9-25 T he m — news he adSnos 
foHowed by FUbe The 
Otsorderty Ordeity (1963) 
barring Jerry Lams. 
Comedy about a young 

doctor who finds mat as 
soon as his patients tsfl 
him meir symptoms he 
experiences simitar, 
discomfort Directed by 
Prank Tashlin 1055 
Cartoon Time with 

Cat 115$ 
XL5? Science 
fiction adventures. 

1150 About Britain. Michael 
Duffy visits the smaft 
fishing vHlaga of Ardgfass. 

1250 The Giddy Gama Show. 

- with Bernard Brasslaw, 

Eflff Fraser and Redvera 
Kyle. 12.10 Puddle Lane. 

NeffiSlSoTSe 09 . 

- SuHvans. 

-150 N ew at One with Leonard 
Parkki 150 Ttames newa. 

150 HoteL Drama series set in 

- the swish Hotel St 
r. 255 Home 
iCtob. The ratipe 

for Crabmeat Quiche. 

250 Daytime. Sarah Kennedy 
chairs a studio discussion 
on a topical subject 350 
Gems. Drama serial set In 
the Cbvent Garden 
workshops of a fashion 
design company. 35$ 
Thames news headlines 
350 Sons end Daughters. 

450 TIM Giddy GemeShow. A 

s shown at noon 4.1 

ISS^and I 

‘ Cuthbertson. (. 

5.15 Thames Sport I 

Reed tato to Damon H« 
andhls mottw, Betty, the 
widow of racing driver 
Graham HiR, about - 
Damon's decision to 
foHow in his father's 

555 New* with Michael 

Nichotoon 650 Thames 

655 Help! Mr Taylor Gee with 
-. news of the Torrence 
Higgins Trust a source of 
• support for. Aids sufferers, 
their friends and families. 

855 Crossroads. Roy and 
Barry have a night out on 

750 Emmaidala Farm. Jackie 
- Meartek must decide what 
. to do when Harry 
MOwbnr's crimwiai past ta 
■ revealed once again. 

750 Knight RkJer. Tfra fast >r 
‘.adventure of fiw senes 
and Michael and KITT are 
forced to perform . 
aerobatics in order to 
rescue Bortnie from 
crazed hijackers. 

650 Fentogtoh of the FO. 

•' Comedyseries stamng 
• Angatathorfieds the 
hardipres8ed British 
Consul General fci a 
. Cwttal American banana 
republic. The last of the 

950 In Loving Memory. BiMy 
Henshaw’s marriage is 
under strain as it seems to 
be boom, time for 

950 TV Eye: Uncta Sam’s Law. 
is the United States 

British firms trading on I 
world markets? 

1050 News at Ton with Aiastair 
Burnet and Pamela . 

1050 Kotak. The New York 
poBcenrari Is suspended 
from duty when his 
superiors think that his 
invoivwnemm a murder 
■ cass is becoming too 

1250 Tha Madonna and the 

M agda len . Who was Mary 
Magdalen? Ends at 1254 

•NLrra.Phffip Tibenham’s 
account of me East African 
groundnuts fiasco in the 
1S40s, (BBC 2. 9.31pm; reminds 

those o! us who had 

forgotten how Heath 
Rooinsonish the whole 
enterprise was, that there ware 
as many nuts above the 
ground in Whrtehafl as there 
were under me ground in tar- 
off TanganytkaJust about the 
orty thing tne British 
Government could not be Warned 
for was the drought. 

Otherwise, it was botch all the 
way. from tractor metal you 
could poke your fingers through, 
to African labourers who did 
not know me difference between 
bags of fertilizer and sacks of 
cement, and the suppliers of 
footwear to Africans woose 
teet were so big that they could 
not get them into the shoe . 


boxes ter alone into me 

shoes. Although neither of the 
twin objectives of the groundnuts 
scheme (to boost the world 
supplies of edible fats, and give 
the African eoconomy a 
fiup)was even remotely achieved, 
there were some ir 

pecuniary benefits. The value of 

the local vfrgkis was doubted 
if it became known that it was the 
white man who had deprived 
them of meir chastity John 
Sfrachey. Minister of Food at 
the time of the groundnuts 
scandal, was to live to regret 
saying "Bosh!" to critics of the 

v The judgment of 
history b impishly summed up in 
the choice of music chosen to 
accompany a sequence in 
tonight s Mm showing British 

bulldozers bashing down 
Tanganyikan forest&rt could 
have been written lor a Chaplin 


QUEEN (Channel 4,9.00pm)is a 
complex metapnor lor the 
Spamsn Civil war.) found its 
message slipping through my 
fingers like mercury. A visually 
striking movie, though, and I 
found it impossible to take my 
eyes off Nuna Espert, 
magnificently autocratic as the 
beleaguered duchess. 

•Radio higRNgnts: The 
Dream of Geronms. under 
Boult's baton (Redo 3. 

2.00pm); and a salivating talk 
about Victorian fruit- 
gardening by Dr Joan Morgan In 
A Paradise our of a Common 
Fmfd{ Radio 3, 7.00pm). 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

655 Open University: 

M on et ari sm and Coal. 
Ends at 750. 

950 Ceefax: 

1250 The Effective Manager. 
Episode two of a three 

ris Jones coped with 
his first managerial 
appointment jr) 12J55 
Conflict and Change fat 
Education. Pupils of 
Duddeston Manor School 
discus their attitudes to 
their teachers, the school, 
and each other. M 150 
Education: Over 16. The 

varying fortunes of 16- 
year old school leavers in 
Coventry, (r) 1.45 Ceefax. 

250 Fine >Ta a Wonderful 
Life* (1946) starring 
James Stewart ana Donna 
Reed. The story of George 
Bailey, a small town 
businessman and pi Bar of 
the community. When his 
fortunes take a dive and 
he is faced with ruin, 
George receives help from 
an unexpected quarter. 
Directed by Frank Capra. 

455 The Paper Chase. 

American Imported series 
about the students 
attending a law school. 

55S News summary with 
subtitles. Weather. 

550 Requiem tar a Raflwsy. 
The first of two 
documentaries celebrating 

Swindon's long 
association wftn the 
raHways which comes to 
an end frits month. (First 
shown on BBC West) 

650 Star Trek: Orphans. 

seem maty undisturbed by 
the death of their parents, 
begin to take over tha 
minds of the Enterprise 

650 Discovering Birds. Tony 
Soper presents the fourth 
of nis eight films on the 
delights of btrdwatcrilng. 

7.15 ^est of Brass. The third 
round features the 
Kkktetiflock Silver Band, 
the IMI Yorkshire Imperial 
Band, and the Sun life 

850 MiHeron Mozart 

Jonathan Milter previews 
hfs television production of 
. Mozart's Cost fan tube, to 
be showrion this channel 
on Easter Sunday. 

850 Brass Tacks: Health and 
Efficiency. Peter Taylor 
Investigates the effects of 
the Government's drive for 
greater, efficiency In the 
National Health Service. 

950 Karen Kay-Ttai comedy 
impressionist's guests this 
week Include American 
comedian, Johnny RusseiL 

950 40 MkiutaKNutal Philip 
Tibenham reports on the 
3Mated Groundnut 
Scheme which, 40 years 
ago, proved a financial 

arte diplomatic disaster for 
the Atiee government. 

jsee Choice) 
10.10 Pot Black. The second 
quarterfinal is between 
two Canadians, BM 
- Werbenlukand Kirk • 

1055 NewsnlgM1150 

1155 Afttcfoa of Faith, 

11.40 The Royal Matmdy 

Service. Highlights of this 
morning's service In 
Chichester Cathedral 
12.10 Open University: 

Weekend Outlook 12.15 
Migration from a Turkish 
. Ends at 12.45. 


250 Film: When We Are Old 
(1 983) An award-winning 
Japanese made-for- 
television drama about the 
situation of the elderly in 
modem society. A . 

husband and wife are 
separated lor the first time 
In 50 years by events 
beyond their control. After 
three days apart the 
husband cannot stand the 
situation any longer, steals 
soma money and makes 
his way back to his sick 
wife. Starring B2-year-old 
Chishu Ryu and directed 
by Seikoh iyoda. Engfish 

3.45 Fflm: For a Yefiow Jersey. 
A documentary, drected in 
1985 by Claude Leioucn, 
that captures the 
excitement of trie Tour da 
France cycle race. 

4.15 Countdown. The grand 
final of the words and 
numbers competition and 
Anthony Butcher, a postal 
officer Irom Banbury, 
meets Clive Spate, a 
teacner from Mansfield. 

550 Film: Hold fhat Co-Ed* 
(1938) starring John 
Barrymore. Comedy 
musical about a scheming 
United States senatorial 
candidate who uses State 
funds to help a coflege 
football team in order to 
defeat ms political 
opponent. Directed by 
George MarshalL 

650 Union World. This week's 
edition Indudes an 
examination into how 
passive smoking, Le. non- 
smokers inhaling 
colleagues' tobacco 
smoke, ts becoming an 
issue for both workers and 

750 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
AiasMr Stewart Includes 
an interview with Sir 
Keith Joseph on trie state 
of education trite 

7.50 Comment from the 
director-general of the 
institute of Directors, Sir 
John Hoskyns. Weather. 

850 The Art of Persuasion. 
The final programme of 
Christopher Frayfmg's 
series on advertising asks 
If people can tefi trie 
difference between 
commercial art and any 
other type of art (r) 

850 Club Mix. The first of a 
newsartes, presented by 
Baz Bamigboye and his 
' 'translator', Stmi’ay 
Culture, featuring talented 
black emenamBrs. 

Topping trie tXU tonight Is 
jazz drummer. Art Bfakoy. 

950 FMm on Four - from Spetn: 
The King and the Queen 
(1985) A Spanish Civ* War 
drama, set in Madrid, 
about the changing 
relationship between a 
Duchess who. at trie 
outbreak ol the war is 
dismissive of the 
Republicans, and her 

r. an anti-fascist, 
by Jose Antonio 
Paramo. Engfish subtitles, 

(see Choice. 

11.10 Voices. Modernity and Its 

Discontents - The Culture 
of Narcissism is discussed 
by social historian 
Christopher Lasch and 
social theorist Come Bus 
Castonadts. introduced by 
Michael Ignatleff. Ends at 

C Radio 4 Q 

On long wove. Stereo on VHF. 555 
Shipping, 6-D0 News Briefing; 
Weather 6.10 Farming (55 Prayer 

6-30 Today ted (50, 750, 850 
News 545 Business 
News 445, F.W Weather 
750, (50 News 755, 

•55 Sport 745 Thought far 
the Day 855 Yesterday 
In Psriament 857 Weethsr. 


*50 News 

955 The Natural History 

e trie fur 

trade, and taBo to 
Richard Adams, author of 
Wstsrshto Down. 

955 Preside Tales. Geortfies 
share some stories In a 
working men's dub south of 

1050 News; Medicine Now. 

Geoff Wans repons on 
tha health of medical cars. 

1050 AU Stations to the Cross. 
Holy Week talks by 
Robert Fcwcroft (4) first Cafl 
tor Dimer. 

1045 Tha Queen DlatraxjUS 
The Royal Maundy at the 
Service in Chichester 
Cathedral, West Sussex 

1250 ivews; You and Yours. 

1257 pra Fflm Star. Alexander 
WbOcbt sketches In trie 
screen career of James 
Stewart 12JS5 Weather. 

1.00 News.The world at 
One.140 The Archers 
1.55 Shipping Forecast 

250 News; Jesus. 

Dramatization based on 
the Gospel narratives (3) The 
Last Supper and the 
Arrest With Paul Copley as 
Jesus (s). 

245 The Enthusiasts. Allan 
Smith meets The 

350 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Man! by Howard 
Wanting. With David Haig 
and Tom Georgeson (sL 

450 News 

455 Bookshelf. A proffie oT 
Coflrt Machines. 

455 Kaleidoscope. A second 
chance to hear last 

nighrs edition. 
550 PM: News 


Shipping 5551 
850 News. Financial Report 
650 My Wordl Dllys Powefl 
and Frank Muir challenge 

Antonia Fraser and Denis 
Norden (r)[s>. 

7.00 News 
705 The Archers 
750 Any Answers? A chance 
to air your views on 
subjects raised in last 
week's Any Questions? 

740 How Horaous Held the 
Bridge. Robert Powefl 
reaps trom Lays of Ancient 
Rome by Thomas 
Babmgton Macaulay. 

755 The Cmoflxion. Stainer's 
oratorio. BBC Symphony 
Chorus, BBC Chorale, and 
soloists Rowland Sidwell 

950 Does He Taker 
Magazine for die 
listeners and their fanvtes. 
950 John Ebdon in the BBC 
Sound Archives. 

945 Kaleidoscope. With Paul 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: A 
Perfect Spy written and 
read oy John la Carre (9) 

1050 Tha World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial mxid 

1150 Today in Parliament. 

1250 News; Weather. 1253 

VHF (avadabte tn England and 
S. Wales only) as above except 
555-650 am Weather; Travel. 
155-250 pm For Schools: 

Listening Comer. 550-555 PM 
(Continued). 1150-12.10 am Open 
University; 1150 Ballads, Folk 
Song ana the Romantics 1150 
and Literature. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF stereo at 
end of Radios. 

655Weether. 750 News 

7.05 Morning Concert CPE Bach 
(Symphony m G. Wq 1 83 

No 4).Strarinsky (Concerto in 
D for string orchestra). 
Mozari (Piano Concerto No 
21: Perahia, with ECO). 

8.00 News 

855 Concert (contd): Warlock 
(Capnoi Suite). Foggy, 
foggy oew.traditional (Pears 
and Britten). Hoist (St 
Paul s Suite). Owaly. 
waly, traditional (Pears 
and Britten), Stanford (Irish 
Rhapsody). The Ash 
Grove.traditional (Pears and 
Britten). 950 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer; 
□gar. March Of Mogul 

Emperors, Op 66: BBC SO). 




















ana viohn Concerto in B 
minor. 0p6i: Menuhin and 
New Phiinarnionia). 

Eduard Tubm: Swedish 
RSO pay the Sympnony 
No 2 

Dvorak; Plana Quartet m 
D mator.piayed by 
Budapest String Trio 
Bournemouth SO under 
Benglund. With Emanuel 
Ax (piano). Part one. 
Schumann (Manired 
overture).. Beethoven (Piano 
Concerto No 3) 

Six Continents foreign 
radio broadcasts, 
monitored Dy me BBC (r) 
Concert part two. 

Nielsen (Symphony No 
5). 150 News 
Bristol Lunchtime 
Concert Lonoon 
Baroque, with Emma KirXby 
(soprano). Corelli (Trio 
Sonata m G minor. Op 1 No 
10], Alessandro Scarlatti 
(cantaca Con ea ner seno 
amaio). MazanfThree 
enuron sonatas, in D. A and 
D. Kk 69., 225. and 144) 

The Dream of Gerontus: 
Elgars oratorio. Part one. 
New Pmlharmoma 

Orcnestra/Jonn Aikiis 
Chew /London Philharmonic 
Choir/ and soloists Helen 
Wans. Nicolai Gedda and 
Robert Lloyd. Boult 

Traes. Stones and Water 
Welsh poet Leslie Noms 
reads a selection of verse 
The Dream of 
Gerontuisipart two 
Brush Youth Orchestras: 
Royal Northern Coflege 
of Music SO under 
Boettcher. Kaitenoom 
(Criangsmertrs;. and 
Mussorgsky (Pictures 
from an Lxhrtxtion .arranged 
Ravel). 450 News 
Mainly for Pleasure: a 
musical selection 

anted by Richard Baker 
Island: John Foster 
and Son Ltd Black Dyke 
Mills Band. Vinter (Salute lo 
Youth), McCabe 
A Paradise out of a 
Common Field: tne work 
of Victorian 

gardeners. described by 
Dr Joan Morgan 
BBC PriH harmonic 
Orchestra (under Mark 
Elder). with Michael Collins 
(clannet). Part one. Elgar 
(introduction and Allegro), 
Weber (Ctarmet Concerto 
No 2) 

Trie Swain: Linda Wray 
reads me story by Mary 

Concertpart two. 
Tchaikovsky (Symphony 
No 6) 

Piano Duets: Peter Noke 
and Helen Krizos. Delius 
(Dance Rhapsody No 
2. arranged by Warlock), 
Berners (Vaises 

bourgeoises), Lane 

Music hi out Time: 

Harrison Birtwistle 
(Carmen arcadlae 
mechanicae perpetuum: 
Peneiope WMmsiey- 
Clark.soprano and 
Scottish Chamber 
Orchestra). Earth Dances 
(BBC Scottish SO) 

Cello and peno: Effing 
Btondal Begtsson, and 
Paul Hamburger. Beethoven 
( Variations m E flat on 

MO, B4K, 0.‘0 1 U 

4.00 am Colin Berry I 
Ray Moore (s) B.D5 X 
1050 Jimmy Young i 

Bei Man nem). Walton 
(Passacaaua for so'd 

ceiio]. Koppel (Sonata. Op 
62j. Maninu (Variations 
on a tnsme of Ros&nf) 

11.57 News. 1250 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open university. 

From 6.35am to 6.55. Reading in 
bottom gear. 

( Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave except lor 
VHF vsnaoons. 

News on tne nour. Headlines 
550 am. 650. 750, 8-30. Sports 
Desks 1.05 pm, 2.02, 3.02. 4.02, 
555, 8-02, 6.45 (tnt only). 955. 

Ken Bruce (s) 

Jimmy Young met food 

information from Tony de Angel) (s) 
1.05 pin David Jacoos (s) 3.30 
Music AH Trie way |S) 4.00 David 
Hamilton (s) 6.00 John Dunn 
talks to aavta Owen, MP (S) (LOO 
Walhr Whyion imroduces 
Country Club (teatunng Emmyfou 
Harris and Hank Williams Jr) 

9.55 Sports Desx 10-00 Trie News 
Hudflimes (Roy Huod) 1050 
Star Sound Extra. IWck Jacxson 
covers Monday rHgnt's Oscar 
ceremony. 1150 Bran Matthew 
presents Round Midnight 
(stereo from rredrught) 150 am 
Peter DicKson presents 
Nightnoe (s) 3.00-4-00 A Little Night 
Music (s). 

C Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave, Bxcept tor 
VHF variations. 

News on me halt-hour from 
650am until 950 pm and at 12.00 

65am Andy Peebles. 750 Mike 
Read $50 Simon Bates 7 250 pm 
NewsOeat (Ian Panunson) 12.45 
Gary Davies 350 Sieve W right 5-30 
Newsbeat (lan Panunson) 5.4$ 
Bruno Brookes at trie DaiN Man 
laeal Home Exhibition 750 
James Long incl at 850 John 
Waiters reviewing the week's 
music press. 1058-12.00 Andy 
Kerehew (s) VHF RADIOS 1 & 2. 
4.00 am As Radio 2 10.00 pm As 
Radio 1 1 2.00-4 A9 am As 
Radio 2. 


LOO Newsnesk 7X3 News 7X9 Twenty- 
Four hours: News 750 The C*ass*c 
Albums 7.45 Network UK B.M News SJ» 
Reflections 8.15 Country Style M0 Jc*n 
Peer 9 lXW News 9.09 Review tX tee British 
Press fi.15 Trie Worn Toaev 950 Finan- 
cial News MO Look Ahead 9- *5 Byways 
o I History 11X00 News 1051 Kmgs of 
Swteg 1050 Joyce Grentel 11X0 News 
1150 News About Britain 11.15 New 
Ideas 11.25 a Lenar from England 12X0 

Redtn Newsreel 12.15 Too Twenty 12-«S 
9 Twenty- 

Fow Hours: News 150 Network Ur 145 

Sports Roundup 150 News 1X9 ' 

Flanaers end Swann 2.00 News 2X1 
Ouoook 2.45 Jazz from Etrooe 3.00 
Rmm Newsreel 315 Trie Pleasures 
Yours 443 News 449 Commeme^ 4 15 
Ass^wnent 445 Trie Wona Today 5.09 
News S-flfl A Loner from Enguny 5. J5 
Uerxian 040 News 8.09 Twen^Pour 
Hours: News Summery l.ifi A joiy Good 
Show 10.00 News 1049 Trie Wo no Today 
1055 A Letter from England 1030 
Financial News 11X40 Reflections 10.45 
Sports Roundup 1140 News H49 Com- 
mentary 11.15 Mercnam Navy pro- 
gramme njo Narue Novticok 11. co 
Trie Farming Wood 1240 News 12.09 
News Auout Brionn 12 <5 Reac Newsreel 
1250 Musk now 1.00 nows 1.01 Ounook 
1.30 Flanders end Swann l.«* 
Boo* Chocs 150 In me Meantime 243 
News 249 Commentary 2.15 I Watn I'd 
Met 250 The MuSK or RiciMitl Rooney 
Bennen 340 World News S49 News 
Atiout Britain 3. 15 The World Today 350 
Busmens Matters 443 NewsaeSK 450 
Country Stine 545 The World Today (Ad 
ttovM GMT) 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1M053kHz/285m;1089kHz/275nr. Radfo 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: l215kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
92 5, Radio 4: 200kHz 1500nr. VHF -92-95; LBC: 1 1 SZk Hz/26 tm; VHF 97^; Capital: 1546kHz/l94m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 94-9; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. 

RBC1 WALES555pO-fi-00 
SB ai wMBTotay S5S-740 Qar- 
teerTI5S-i ZJSooi Am- 

J 1245-1250 News and 

weather SCOTLAND a55p»-74B 
Re porntw Scotland >40450 The Triure- 
S5GfM»-&40 Today's Sport 5AO-S40 In- 
side blew 8JS-740 The Ffriwones 
150440 Spodgrit 1145-1240 News 
and weather ENGLAND B55pm-740 
Reffonei news iragubiee 

ODrih SCOTLAND 1&20em- 
1050 Dotamen 

CHANNEL as London except 

22— B 1 Sesame Stmt 
1025 Poseidon FUes 1150-1150 
Cnrtoon 150pm News 150 Homs Cook- 
ery 15MJ0F«fconCre« 4.00 
655 Chamei Rwpri 1050 Prisoner; 

Cei Blade H 1150 That's Hollywood 
1240 Trie UreoucftaOiea UXkm 

SBAMP msissss* 

Triteg 250 Sesame Street 1050 
Tarrariewka 1140-1150 Matt and Jenny 
140fm News 150250 Trie Baron 
5.15-6.45 BtocWxrators 040655 North 
TonWk 740 Random Choice 740- 
■50 Falcon Crest 1050 Mapp and Luda 
1150 Cram Tara 1240 News, 

ANGUA MLondoni 

1040-1150 Tarzan 14. . . ._ 

150-250 Fatcan Crest 615-645 Block- 
busters 040-696 About Anglia 
746750 Mouthtrap 1050 FoflD 1140 
Fdstival ot Dans 1150 The Master 
I25(ten From Cahraay to Komi, 

HTV WEST ^ London ex- 

** 1 * " Bq| cepe 95Sam Cartoon 
950 Rockets Ganre 1140-1150 
255 Country Practice 61&-645 Con- 
nections 840-635 News 750-630 
Fatoon Craet KX30 Wetter Ounook 
1055 west TNa Week 1146 Fltee Torture 
Garaan 12-45 CtosedOMm. 


SfrlSo^HJKHrtAJ! 36 " to * al 
BORDER A® London except 
punuen 955*01 Sesame Street 
1630 Otw and the Artful Dodger 
11.10-1150 Groovy Ghouiies 150pn 
News 150-250 Man in a Suitcase 
350-440 vouno Doctors 615-645 Con- 

• Lookartxind 1050 

V 1150 New Avengers 1245am 

TV<% As London except 945am 
-ULs Outlook 628 Sesame Street 
1048 Poseidon Fites 1140-1150 
Zoo FamOm 140pm News 150 Home 
Coaxary Ctub 156250 Falcon Crest 
350-440 Moutittrap 615-6*5 Biock- 
tiusmt too-635 Coast to Coast 
1630 Pnsoner Cafl Btock H 1150 Triafs 
Hgjjywood 12JD0 Trie Umouchabtas 
14(um Company. Closedown. 
CENTRAL As London except 
vcwifw u 945am Runaway !s- 
b 1610 No- 

land 650 Groovy Qteubes 10.10 


i Cookery CM) 11 J 

About Britain 1150-1240 Oockbust- 
ers 1250pn>-140 Contact 150 News 
156250 Man Jn a Suitcase 615- 

645 Connections 600 Crossroads 645- 
740 News 750-630 Falcon Crest 
1056 Central Loboy 1145 Ffrm Marilyn, 
the umoio Story l.i5am Oosooown. 
T<?W As London except 945am 
ASH. Rkn: Disorderly Orderly ueny 
Lawn) 1055 Cannon Ii45-1l50am 
Fkeoak XL5 140pm News 150 Carson's 
Law 615 Qua HoneyDWi 620-645 
Crossroads 640 Today South West 630 
Emmarcue Farm 743 Kngffl Rtoer 
600-630 Busman's Homay 1632 
Marque of a Uagand 1150 Maop and 
Luca 1250am Postscript, Closedown. 


Mermaid 1640 Story of Perseus 
1145-1150 Man and Jenny 140pm Qra- 
nada Reports 150-245 Country 
Practice 350-440 Young Doctors 615- 
600 Gonadal 

5^5 Co nn ections I 

i Re- 

Blue Kragm 

pons 630555 Iris S Your Rlgm 750- 
850 Fakxm Crest 1050 Ffen: Once is 
Not Enough (Kirk Douglas) IZAOem 
Closed own. 

SCOTTISH ** Uontfon “■ 

avui Mqn cepe 945am Sesame 
Street l04SOtnetwoffo 1 140-1 1 50 

140pm News 150 Booyftie 
ptide 350-440 On tea 
Market 615-645 BUCkOusters E.GO-835 
740 Taka 
aKon Crest 
1055 About Gaelic 
Deoa» 1145 Lae Cell 11.10 Crann Tara 
1640 The Sweeney 1240am 

CAP 143pm Countdown 1 50 AF 
= -?V ce 240 Fta wam 2.15 wrerval 
345 Take Six Cooks 35S Years 
. Aivad 440 4 Wh« ITs Worth 450 

Manner Awr Fwy 630 1 Dream ol 
Jeanne 600 Brookade 630 Mora than 
Meets tne Eye 740 Newyadion Sami 
7 50 SymlfoM I Ewrop 855 Dwfls 945 
Dmesyddy Diwygiad 956 Hti Street 
■Bteas 1050 Prospects 1150 V>v BritBin: 
MNes Cooeiand 1250am Gosedown. 


Groovte Ghouas 950 mmonsr Her- 
nue 10.10 TrirrahawKs 1055 Ray 
Rtardon's Master Class 11.05-1150 
ABC CMdren s Srion Stones 1250pm- 
140 Caiendv Luncn&me Live 140 
News 150-250 Carsons s Law 615-645 
Connections 840-635 Calendar 
1050 horse m a Milkon 1140 HardcasttB 
and McCormick 1240 Jazz 1253am 
Mednanons lor Holy Week 12^0 

ULSTER As London except: 
R*=gi 645am Sesame Street 

1049 WHO I 

H650 woo «en- 


mge 1650 Groovle Gnouties 11.15-1150 
Flora ana Fauna 140p<n Luncmime 
150-250 Man in s Scncase 350-440 
Spce Ol Lite 5JS-54S Connections 
600 Good Evening Ulster 626655 Po- 
nca Six 750-850 f ucxerj Wkcn 
1059 Coumerpotm 1140 Easwr Wgil 
11.10 Circuit or iretana '86 K.40 
Mysrenes ol Eagar Wallace* 1255wn 

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950 Sesame Smwi 10.33 Oavui 
Frost Presents tea Gumnst Book ol 
Records 1 1 40-1 1 JO Canoon 
140pm News 150-250 Man in t Suit- 
case 615-645 Connections 6QC- 
635 Nonnam Life 750-850 Falcon Crest 
1 1632 Bnenng 11.15 Trie Muswr 
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Waddle wipes out 

England’s fears 

Soviet Union — 0 

England 1 

England's fears that injuries 
would leave them threadbare 
against the powerful Soviet 
Union proved needless here 
yesterday when a second-half 
goal from Waddle gave them a 
victory to bring confidence on 
the approach to the World 
Cup. Even without the influ- 
ence and strength of Robson 
and the attacking power of 
Hateley, this rearranged En- 
gland side proved capable of 
overcoming opponents also 
lacking some of their more 
promising players but short of 
determination and tactical 

Thus England stretched 
their run of unbeaten matches 
to eight and in the unlikely 
surroundings of the Soviet 
Union, where the home side 
bad an almost flawless record 
going back many years. 

Bobby Robson, the England 
manager, was left with only 
one fully fit forward, Beards- 
ley. Hateley. who spent 48 
hours getting to Tibilisi. 
succumbed not to the fatigue 

of it all but to a groin strain. 
This left the onus for scoring 
on Lineker, who was himself 
suffering from a similar inju- 
ry. In theory Waddle was left 
like an archer without a target 

England's opening play was 
promising enough to give 
encouragement After several 
bright quick attacks on the 
flank by Anderson, their speed 
in attack caused the Soviet 
defence sufficient worry for 
the experienced Dasayev to 
take a hasty lunge at Lineker, 
who had intercepted a sloven- 
ly back-pass. Lineker was 
swept to the ground but the 
Bulgarian referee would have 
none of the appeals. 

Having experienced that 
disappointing decision. En- 
gland must have felt even 
more aggrieved when, after 1 7 
minutes. Anderson made 
what appeared to be a legiti- 
mate challenge on 
Gotsmanov, who was moving 
dangerously into the penalty 
area. This time the referee 
immediately pointed to the 
spot. However, England felt 
justice was done when 
Chivadze drove the penalty so 

solidly against the foot of the 
post that the ball rebounded 
beyond the penalty area. 

The crowd of over 50,000 
began to express displeasure 
with their side. Solid, reliable 
defensive work by Wilkins 
helped ensure that the Soviet 
attacks came to little in the 
English penalty area. Never- 
theless, Lineker and Beardlsey 
were left isolated upfield. 

Tactically, the familiar 
problems in the centre of 
England's defence were obvi- 
ous. Wright’s headstrong de- 
termination to get into the 
action when he should have 
been giving way to others was 
the main reason why Ander- 
son gave away the penalty. 

the spirits of the crowd but his 
Grst prompting in attack 
merely brought one of those 
brave saves Shilton brings off 
at flailing feet 
If Blokhin brought some 
originality to the Soviet side, 
so England's substitute, 
Hodge, added an edge to 
England’s attacks. Midway 
through the second half 
Beardsley beat his man on the 
right and seemed about to 
make a diagonal run when he 
spotted Waddle in the centre 
approaching the penalty area. 
His square pass was taken on 
the run by Waddle, who 
dodged his marker and drove 
a splended low drive inside 
the left post 

Lineker had few chances to 
show his real finishing form, 
mainly because Hoddle was 
spending so much time in 
defensive positions that for- 
ward passes were rare. But 
shortfy after half-time Hoddle 
sent a glorious long through 
ball into the stride of Lineker, 
whose shot slid past the base 
of the post. 

The arrival of the veteran 
but still nimble Blokhin raised 

Bessonov, A Chivaflie. A 
Demyanenko. A Bubnov. 0 
Kuznetsov. S Gotsmanov. G 
Marozov. S Aleinik ov. G 
Kondratyev, S Rod ionov, 
ENGLAND: P ShBton (Southamp- 
ton); V Anderson (Arsenal), K 
Sanaa m (Arsenal), R WSttu (AC 
Milan). M Wnght (Southampton), T 
Butcher (Ipswfcfi Town). G Hoddte 
(Tottenham Hotspur). G Cowans 
(Bari). G Lineker (Everton), P 
Beardsley (Newcastle United), C 
Waddle (Tottenham Hotspur). 
Referee: V Tsonchev (Bulgaria). 

Southall suffers broken ankle 

From Eamon Denphy 

Republic of Ireland ...... 0 

Wales 1 

Wales survived intense 
pressure from the Irish to win 
here yesterday afternoon, al- 
though their pleasure was 
considerably reduced by the 
loss of their goalkeeper. Nev- 
ille Southall, who broke his 
ankle in what appeared to be 
an innocent fall in the 66ih 
minute . 

tional team management But 
the scoreline lies. Outstanding 
performances by the Oxford 
United pair, Ray Houghton 
and John Aldridge, and the 
side's overall willingness to 
persevere after Wales had 
stolen an early lead will nour- 
ish Charlton's hopes for the 

Frank Stapleton's absence 
meant that 12 players original- 
ly selected missed this game. 
Both managers made do. but 
the patches showed in a 
scrappy opening in which 

Southall's injury’ is also a 
serious blow to his club 
Everton in their attempt to 
retain their first division title 
and win the FA Cup. Southall 1 
will almost certainly miss the 
rest of the season. 

This may seem an inauspi- 
cious beginning to Jack 
Charlton's career in intema- 

neither side strung more than 
three passes together. A small 

crowd braved wind and rain to 
welcome Jack Charlton, the 
Republic's new manager, to 

Wales rather surprisingly 
look the lead against the run of 
play after 17 minutes with a 

goal of disarming simplicity. 
Phillips's well-flighted comer 

was flicked on by James and 
Ian Rush nodded gently past 
Payton. Wales might have 
increased their lead in the 25th 
minute when Rush and Da- 
vies combined to free 
Lowndes. But Payton got his 
fingertips to a sharply-rising 

After 27 minutes. Houghton 
crossed from the right, 
Whelan touched on, and Rob- 
inson grazed the Welsh cross- 
bar with a header. Content 
with their slender advantage. 
Wales settled for containment 
in the second half. 

Houghton and Aldridge 
grew visibly in surrounds 
familiar to gritty pros from 
Oxford United. Aldridge 
clipped a post to end a goal- 
mouth scramble in the 59th 
minute. Houghton ran with 
ever-growing conviction at the 
Welsh defence. 

Southall's injury came when 

he went up for a ball with 
Aldridge. Last year's Football- 
er of the Year, so vital to 
Everton.was taken to a Dublin 
hospital. His substitute, Andy 
Norman, was immediately in 
action, saving point-blank 
from Houghton. He had a 
hectic final 15 minutes 

(Fulham); D Langan (Oxford United), 
J Anderson (Newcastle United), D 
O'Leary (Arsenal). J Begfin (Liver- 
pool). R Hangman (Oxford United). 
L Brady (Intemazionale). R Whelan 
(Liverpool). M Robinson (Queen s 
Park Rangers). J Aldridge (Oxford 
United), P McGrath (Manchester 

WALES: N SouthaS(EvBfton); H 
James (Queen s Park Rangers). K 
Jackatt (Watford); P Nicholas (Lu- 
ton Town), J Jones (Huddersfield). 

D PhBfips (Manchester City), C 
Blacfcmore (Manchester United), 

Rush (Liverpool). G Davies (Man- 
chester City). S Lowndes (Mifiwali). 
J Charles (Oxford United). 


Referee K J Hope (Scotland) 

More football, page 38. 


Goldie hot to handle 

Cambridge and their re- 
serves, Goldie, were at each 
other's throats yesterday 
morning preparing for 
Saturday’s Boat Race (3.15). 
They were practising stake- 
boat starts and pressed 
Cambridge's non-rowing pres- 
ident Quintus Travis into 
acting as a stake-boat man. 
Cambridge found their re- 
serves pretty hot to handle. 
During a manoeuvre to turn 
into the tide between races 
Goldie's stern punctured, 
Cambridge's bows, but fortu- 
nately did not penetrate into 

By Jim Railton 

the honeycomb structure. A 
piece of sticking tape was 
sufficient to patch 
Cambridge's boat, aptly 
named this year, “The Hell 

If anything, Goldie were 
slightly fester off the start 
Certainly eyebrows were 
raised yesterday morning. In 
sprints off the stake-boats. 
Cambridge were just about 
touching 40 strokes in the first 
minute with Goldie two pips 
higher before the senior crew 
settled at 36. Last year, Cam- 
bridge were impressively fast 

‘La Manga Club is undoubtedly 
one of the great 
holiday resorts in Europe” 

GdfMon:W/ Aug'fiS 

Imagne a private panCr>e m Southern Spain enordeo Ov Nils and lemon 
groves and the blue v/aien; of t**e Mediterranean. And all yours 
Spend the da/ m .our own private beach dub wuh the best windsurfing m 
Europe Or £3 SOiba-diving Iron? vow o«n 
Mediterranean cove 

If sipping 1 COW dnnt tr/ the j»jl s more 
•our idea of bins, you've got at least j poobio 
choose ti cm 

And dial's onfy a tiny part of the 
pleasures ol La Manga O-ia. 

It s the two championship gp£ courses 
v/hi.;h lure $*.€ back whenever he can 
take time off irom touring as La Manga 
dubs professional 
Amone tor terns’ The David Lks.d 
Racquet Centre is one of the tnggest and 
besl equipped in Europe 
There’s iheonl, cricket oval « Southern Spam And where eke could vou go 
ndng through hills overlooking the Mediterranean, without ever leaving >our 
own grounds’ 

Come the evening and tfwe’s a great choice of restaurants, bars and mghrtfe. 
Tint’s La Manga Chub lor A unique world of all *ear rcunq luisure 
Unique too n the rsn^e ofhotida/ homes fjn male you r own From a 
defc^xful i bedroom house at £4*500 to one of a select group of Andaluoan 
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Pic .on can pc sere »our investment & 
thorough!, safe arw *eQ rraeged 

Send to t the brochure. A wonderful 
dscoveiv awaits you. 

Orfvcuarein London call inandseecur 
vnjeo presenuoon and 
villa model display at our 
showroom office - past 
opposne Harrods. 

^ m * 





La Manga Oub Limned. S'her City House 
ti2 Bromptor Road. London SW3 IBW Telephone 01 2232215 

off the start, but not condi- 
tioned seemingly for a four 
and a half mile row. But every 
department is vital in the Boat 
Race, and Cambridge must 
pay considerable attention to 
their start before Saturday. 

Earlier, Oxford paddled up 
and down the Boat Race 
course with Daniel Topolski, 
their cooacfa. concentrating on 
minor points of technique 
such as polishing up a vital 
catch, the beginning of the 
stroke and the crew’s timing. 

At times, he had stroke Matt 
Thomas and his seven-man, 
George Livingston rowing by 
themselves with the rest of the 
crew redundant It is all right 
having a weight advantage 
which Oxford will have on 
Saturday, but it can be 
counter-productive if the tim- 
ing is not there. 

TOOAVS 0UTW8& Both craws 9 and 
taO from Putney. 

Oxford law afternoon w ere wr y kmpros- 
slw in s&fca-boat starts against Isis after 
aspntBly outing up and down the 
Championship oourao. 


Busy time 
ahead for 


Barry McGuigan has an- 
nounced plans for a hectic few 
months which should include 
two defences of his World 
Boxing Association world 
featherweight title. At a press 
conference in Dublin it was 
confirmed that he would de- 
fend against Fernando Sosa, of 
Argentina, in Las Vegas on 
June 23. 

The wanner of that bout will 
have to fight again within 90 
days in a mandatory defence 
against Antonio Espanagoza. 

Mr Barney Eastwood, the 
champion's manager, de- 
scribed Sosa as a “very dan- 
gerous opponent." and said 
the fight contract had included 
a return match clause if 
McGuigan were not to win. 
McGuigan should have met 
Sosa in Dublin last month but 
the Argentinian pulled out 
with a broken finger. 

Now the Sosa fight will be 
pan of a major bill which is 
being called “The Night of the 
Three Aces.” The two other 
main fights will be a light- 
middleweight championship 
bout between Mike McCallum 
and Don Curry and a middle- 
weight match between 
Roberto Duran and Robbie 

McGuigan's fight will be 
screened live on BBC- 1 short- 
ly after midnight on Tuesday 
June 24. 


Breaking through Soviet Mock: Beardsley, watched by Anderson, m the attackteTbfitiyesterday ' . - 


Girls to be centre 
of attraction 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

A few nimble, quick-witted 
and lucky schoolgirls could 
make a little history of their 
own during the hundredth 
Wimbledon championships, 
to be played from June 23 to 
July 6. Last year's successful 
introduction ofa more flexible 
system for allocating teams of 
ball-boys and ball-girls to 
particular courts, plus the feet 
that the percentage of girls has 
doubled, makes it probable 
that for the first time ball-girls 
will work on the centre court. 

A similar innovation 
occured last year when one 
ball-girl appeared on court 
one. Ball-girls first worked at 
Wimbledon in 1977. The sys- 
tem then in use demanded 74 
boys and 10 girls who were 
formed into teams and allocat- 
ed to specific courts for the 
entire championships. 

The hours of play have 
since been extended and last 
year an increased work force 
of 78 boys and 25 girls 
functioned in shifts. 

The present system allo- 
cates teams of seven to the 
three main “show” courts - 

centre, number one and num- 
ber two - and teams of four to 
all other courts. Five addition- 
al teams permit the entire 
assembly of schoolchildren to 
work in shifts, so that nobody 
has to work excessively long 
hours and everyone has a 
chance to get on court Two 
ball-boys or ball-g irls a re kept 
in reserve for emergencies. . 

Every year there is a new 
squad. Candidates are selected 
from schools in the Wimble- 
don area and begin training in 
May. Eventually the young- 
sters are formed into te am s 
and the most efficient of these 
work the main courts in shifts. 
Efficiency is not a boys’ 
prerogative and, to paraphrase 
the song, little girts get better 
every year. Some coukl make 
their mark at a Wimbledon 
that, otherwise, will primarily 
be a male celebration: the 
men's singles win be the only 
championship to reach the 
100 mark 


EMDHOVEH. Nethertjnrtt Woitd 
•lap: Pod B: Yugosi&na M Franco ft* Eat 
Germany bt NMMrtMs 5-Z 


into semi-finals 

By John Harness? 

ary McK . _ . 

reen Gamer stand alone in 
carrying the flag for both 
amateur golf and the distaff 
ride in the Sunningdale Four- 
somes after what Miss Me-. 
Kenna yesterday called: “A 
little bit of magic when we 
needed ft." 

They now meet Andrew. 
Sherborne and David Ray, 
two young professionals, in 
the second of this morning's 
semi-finals. It . is a match 
preceded by what may be a 
gladiatorial encounter be- 
tween two pairs of more 
experienced professionals in 


. _ Caldwells have rich golf- 
ing credentials, but their best 
is behind them. ’ 

Ronan Rafferty and Roger 
in and Warren Hum- 

phreys and Ian 

If Rafferty, and 
have been recognised as 
favourites since the unexpect- 
ed defeat of the holders, Sam 
Torrance and John O'Leary, 
they may have two hard rows 
to hoe today. 

Yesterday Mrs. Garner and 
Miss McKenna, from Ireland 
North and South, combined to 
put out the other surviving 
woman in the sixth round, 
Carole Caldwell, who was 

. Moreover.Tbe Irishwomen, 
winners here in 1985, had 
announced the healthy state of 
their game by finishing first 
(McKenna) and second (Gar- 
ner) in last week’s Avia Four- 
somes. The pair were three up 
at the sixth and certain, ft 
seemed, to go further ahead at 
the seventh as Caldwell faded 
his two iron shot into the 
heather and his wife had no 
option but to knock the ball 
back onto the fairway. Domes- 
tic harmony - was fuDy re- 
stored, when Caldwell drilled 
a five iron five feet behind, the 
flagand his wife holed the putt 
A birdie at the next brought 
the Caldwells back to only one 
down. ■ 

But that was the pinade of 
tbedr success- and- Miss Mc- 
Kenna finished them off with 
a glorious four wood into -the 
sixteenth green ami her part- 
ner Holed from 25 feet for a 
spectacular. Dutch-winning 
birdie, . . . - 


Budd wins 

mile race 

Zola Budd won the 
McVi lie’s mile road race in 
Newcastle city centre in 4min 
29.7sec yesterday evening (Pat 
Butcher writes). 

The world cross-country 
champion, who was a late 

entry for security reasons, won 
by 80 metres from Christina 

Boxer and Julie-Anne 

Better men 

Yorkshire are to have their 
cricket clothing sponsored by 
Joshua Tetley and Son, the 
Leedsbased brewers, for the 
next three years. 

Roker move 

Scott McGarvey, die Ports- 
mouth and former Manchester 

United forward, who las been 
on loan to Carlisle for two 
months, has joined Sunder- 
land. M<£aivey, aged 22, 
scored twice in eight appear- 
ances fix* Caxfirie who were 
keen to extend Ins loan period. 


Bodd: late entry 

The southern area 
weight tide bout between Mo 
Hussein, of West Ham, and 
P«er Eubanks, ofBrighton, due 
to take place at York Hall, 
Bethnal Green, tonight, has 
been postponed because Hus- 
sein has Ail 

Holding reins 

Swan deal Running back 

OlT4|J deal The mtematfnnal mrnie 

Nick Skelton, runner-up last 
year, leads a six-strong British 
challenge at the Volvo World 
Cup showjumping final in 
Goieboig next month. 

Wood through 

Clare Wood, the top seed, 
from Sussex, beat Surrey's Kate 
Brasher 6-3. 6-2 to reach the 
final of the BWTA spring 
tennis tournament at Queen's 
Oub yesterday. Miss Wood, 
aged 18, will pby 1 7-year-old 
Valda Lake in today's final. 

The first division smugglers, 
Birmingham Gty, are set to 
complete a transfer exchange 
deal with Walsall that could 
mean the return of 
themidfield player, Ian 
Handysides, to St Andrew. 
The two dubs were last night 
finalising the deal which mil 
take the Birmingham reserve 
goalkeeper, Mark Pmdhoe, to 
the third division club in a 
straight swap. Handysides was 
sold to Walsall for £15,600 
two years ago by Ron 
Saunders, the former Birming- 
ham manager. 

The mi gm ar f imal runners, 
Nick Rose and Christine 
Banting, are to urate come- 
backs in Oxford cm May J 1 in 
tiie second of three LAC grand 
prix road races. Rase, 5,000 
metres silver mierfallkt in the 
1982 Commonwealth 
is the only athlete to have won 
both United States and British 
cross country championship s 
and has been on the United 
States road running circuit fin* 
several years; Benning, 1,500. 
metres silver medallist in die 
1978 Commonwealth Games, 
gave up athletics to have a 


Allen has 
his ban 


Tony AHea, banned from 
playing for bis comity, foe five' 
years, has had his sentence 
reduced to two yean by the. 
Warwickshire Goff Union. 

The suspension followed 
Altai’s derision to walk owt df 
the Warwickshire team oa die 
eve of last year's English 
Comity Finals at Bonham 
Borrow, da Hiring the team's 
hotel acconnnodatina was sab- 
standard. - 

. The sentence alsolndnded a 
recommendation ^tn tbe. Ea- 
glish and. Mbfiaads 'rations 
that the playmr be framed from 
all events onder their 

. Bat in* letter of apology the 
player admitted his conduct 
was inexcusable and. that he 
had let down die Warwick-, 
shire team aad golf in gamaL 
And last .mght B3l -Dadley- 
Evans, the Warwickshire 
president, said: “ laviewof the 
apology and because Mr Allen 
has represented the county 
with distinction in the past; we 
have agreed to xedobe the 

Allen wifl not be allowed to 
play for Warwickshire or m 
any county event xmtfl 1988. 

More gsif^tage 36 

Danger is 


.• * ■ ■ , V 

for Briton 

•a-.’ *“• . r 

- my _■ 

By Cofin McQmHan 

Lucy Sputter, the .British 
champion, is seeded to meet 
Susan Deyoy, . the world 
champion, in the final of ibc 
Hi-Tec British open champi- 
onships at Wembley next 
month but she feces by ferthe 
stronger half of the 64-woman 
draw, with Vidri Cardwell, the 
former world champion, 
looming in the third round. 

- Cardwell, of- Australia, who 
won the British title in four 
successive years before retir- 
ingtostart a femfljr iir 1983. 
aims to win a fifth at Wembley 
to launch a come-back to top 
squash. 'Her : pre senc e as an 
underrated twelfth seed in the 
bottom half .of the .dm w in 
company wrtblisaOpie, Alt- 
son Comings- and. Lir frying 
mates progress to the final a. 
daunting: 'project, for Miss 

By contrast. Miss Drvoy 
has what her coach, Bryce 
Taylor, calleda “dream draw" 
with iheoifiy serious challenge 
coming from the winner of a 
fascinating quarter-final dash 
between Martine Le Moignhn 
and Heather Waflace; - •- - 

Britain's men's champion, 
Philip Kenyon, feces even less 
propitious possibilities tbaB 
Miss Souttet. He, is drawn to 
meet die undefeated world 
champion, Jahang ir Khan, in 
the quarter-finals, assuming 
he.cari survive the combined 
attentions of Gamal Et Amir, 
'Hlddy Johan and. Chris Rob- 
ertson along theway. 

Gawain Briars has filial 
into tbe^ -least problematical 
section of the .unusually tel- 
ented 64-man draw. Aldic 
the eafiy rounds offer fiim 

i i 

* „ .. 

new and" rising Pakasfani gen- 

Oration in the shape: 

Qaiser and Zaxak Jahan, Bn- 
ars could find ' himself with a 
quarter-final gainst Geoff W0- 
hamsior Ross Thome and 
every prospect of a semi-finai 

against r Ross. Nonnau, the 
New Zealand world No 2. 

Britain’s own rising^enera- 
tion features man interesting 
tnssle -betwten David Lloyd, 
Martin Bodiineade' and 
Genyg, Jones for the right to 
meet Greg Pollard, of Austra- 
lia^ and then Stuart Daven- 
port, of New 'Zealand. 

(ffe); 3, S Dawnport (N^; 4. G 
Potato 7, P Kenyon (Eng); & 

Gamar ZamanfpakL fawr; S 
Devoy OTZk 2, L Soutar (Si® 3, 
L0t»(cng);-AM LekbimnOig); 
5. H Wtface eTXCumings 
(Engk7. LfrHng(Aus}; 9,S Burgess 

• r.. -Aj. . ' 

. ifc 

-rf : - * • »..• : 

•: AW v .. , * 


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