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From Christopher Walker, Moscow, and Christopher Thomas, Washington 

T** s P«d of the Soviet Gorbachov to India, It 

nU_ re 3° inder tone of Greece. 

o3ii issue grew more weekend fy mar fc c Hmna •« 
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strained yesterday when Mos- 
- cow dismissed the US ngec- 
tioa of the latest Kremlin 
initiative for an emergency 
European summit on the sub- 
. Jectas “imranstructive" and a 
challenge to “world . public 
- . opinion'*. _ 

President Reagan, in reject- 
ing the Soviet call, said a 

changed between Moscow and 
Washington convinced senior 
diplomats Jn Moscow that die 
chances of a scheduled 1986 
Washington summit between 
Mr Gorbachov and President 
Reagan have become dimmer. 
“It is getting harder by the 
minute to see when and how it 
is going to take place,” said 

moderate level of nuclear one F . 

testing.was needed to ensure . The report fay Tass on both 

: the continued reliability, safe- 
ty, and effectiveness of 
America's nuclear deterrent 
- ; In a statement issued from 
Santa Barbara, California, 
where he is on holiday at his 
ranch, Mr Reagan also reject- 
ed the proposal by Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov, the Soviet leader. 

the US and international re- 
sponse to Mr Gorbachov's 
latest initiative is regarded by 
Western observers as a care- 
fully planned propaganda ex- 
ercise designed to coincide 
with the Easter weekend. It 
emphasized that President 
Reagan's rebuff had run into 

*• <-• -7*3.' 
S 35 

. A 1 

ibr a meeting on the nuclear -immediate criticism from in- 
testing issue. He insisted that a fluenlial figures within the 
. superpower summit should US. 
deal with the entire range of -—. ■■ ■ ■ — ■ 

US^viel rektions. Pressure on Moscow 6 

The President s statement 

pointed out that Mr “The White House state- 
Gorbachov had accepted an raent cannot be regarded as a 
invitation to meet in the US straight answer to the proposal 
this year, but the Soviet Union involving the major Question 
: had not responded to US 0 f our. time," Tass staled, 
proposals concerning a date. “Nations aB over the world 
American officials say they demand that the ban on 
believe the Soviet Union is nuclear explosions become a 
trying to pressure the US into fact, an immutable form of 
concessions on arms control inter-state relations.” 
issues in return for setting a _ ■ _ . _ 

dale for the summit But the lone of the Tass report 

US is willing to forego the conviction of 

summit rather than make 2. lp i 01 ? a ** , t * 1 2 l Mr 
concessions. Gorbachovs broadcast was 

-Hie Soviet Union’s quick deliberately aimed at increas- 
response which matched the ^ r ^ tc I ^S ,, ^, p !^ ure °. n 
.speed of that from a White 

spokesman a few houip stand on the test ban question. 

earlier was contained in dis- This will be pursued in a 
patches from Tass, the official series of measures planned by 
news agency. It followed the the Kremlin to drive home the 
dramatic - 20-minute live point in Western Europe and. 
broadcast made here by Mr further afield This includes a 

A key passage announced 
definitely that the Soviet 
Union will resume its own 
nuclear testing programme if 
the US carries out another 
explosion after tonight's mor- 
atorium deadline, an event 
both US and Soviet officials 
are certain will happen in the 
next few weeks. 

“As to our unilateral mora 
tori urn, I can say that it is as 
before in effect until March 
31, 1986. but even after that 
date as it was announced we 
will not conduct nuclear ex 
plosions if the United Stales 
ads likewise. We are again 
giving the US Administration 
a chance to lake the responsi- 
ble decision to end nuclear 
explosions,” Mr Gorbachoi 
said, reading from notes. 

“Failing which, the Soviet 
Union will resume testing. 
This must be absolutely clear. 
We regret it, but we will be 
forced to do so since we 


Archbishop's Easter message 

Runcie applauds 
forgiving vicar 

By Clifford Langley, Religious Affairs Correspondent 

Miss Sarah Ferguson, Prince Andrew's 
fiancee, was the centre of attention 
yesterday at the Royal Family's Easter 
Sunday service at Windsor. Miss 
Fergnson shook hands with the Dean of 
Windsor's wife, Mrs JQI Mann, 

watched by the Queen Mother and, left 
to right, Princess Margaret, Prince 
Edward, Miss Sarah Armstrong Jones, 
the Princess and Prince of Wales and 
Viscount Linley. (Photographs: Julian 

reinforced the conviction of cannot forego our own seenri 
diplomats that Mr ty and that of our allies.” 

Although Western securits 
^ ex P erts claim that the 

original unilateral Soviet ban , . _ _ 

was possible only because the I If 1 ™ 0 " Cantefemy Cathe- 
stand on the test ban question. mi i; t nry has just com- 1 d , ral forpveness m gene* 

This will be pursued in a pie ted an important cycle of — ** 1 

series of measures planned by tests, they also believe that a 
the Kremlin to drive home the resumption of the Soviet ex- 

The Archbishop of Canter- 
bury, Dr Robert Runcie, yes- 
terday bestowed an Easter 
and that of our allies.” absolution on the perpetrators 

Although Western security ? f the rec ? nt horrific incident 
pens here claim that the 'newest Undon vprage. 
r - - ■ - ■ - The theme of his Easter 

pie ted an important cycle of 
tests, they also believe that a 
resumption of the Soviet ex- 

>mt in Western Europe and. plosions cannot be postpc 
itber afield. This includes a indefinably without mfli 

. Gorbachov on Saturday night scheduled visit, in 1986 by Mr loss to the Kremlin. 


to violence 

plea to Thatcher 

By Richard EvansXobby Reporter 

• T r* 

-C “ ‘ '• 
„ ."■* ..f • 

_ A report from the 
British dty where 
the taxi drivers 
operate a mutual 
protection scheme 
and even the police 


and match 

Togetherness and 
thenew knitwear 

Mrs Thatcber should act as ing on verification, and to end 
an honest broker between the testing.” 

Soviet Union and the United Dr Owen said: “The danger 
States in an attempt to get is that if nothing is done to 
agreement on a comp- bridge the gap betyween 
rehensive unclear test ban Gorbachov sad Reagan the 
treaty. Dr David Owenjeader spirit of the fireside chat wiD 
of the Social Democratic Par- go up in smoke, 
ty, said yesterday. “A total rebuff to 

Alter President Reagan's ** Sowi f t 

outright rejection «TMr 
Mikhail Gorbachov's week- 

end proposal to meet in any 3nd “““MI *“•' 

European capital to negotiate ^ ^ us_ 

suchV^DrOwensSdthe . c 

Prime Minister should write llie .5 r ^ n n * cte " 

privately to the two world tary Sflld 

test ban treaty m j the only ^ rfnnmv ” 

^”,,5 HeS^^rpristd and 

Soviet apsef sranmit tW not 
United States and the Soviet ^ ptaoe m bte November or 

Uluon * early December. “But I think 

" Mrs Thatcher ought to be Mr Gorbachov is not prepared 

using British diplomacy to get to go to the United States and 

back ' round the table on a just have a fireside chat like he 

comprehensive test ban, to bad in Geneva. He wants 

clarify those very small nun- substantive talks and he is 

a! — “we ask to love and 
forgive our enemies” — but he 
identified with the forgiveness 
displayed by the vicar and 
congregation after the alleged 
assault on the vicar and 
another man, and the alleged 

Several people ba'w^Jbeen 
charged in connection with 
the incident. 

“We have seen a fine and 
impressive example of this 
quiet Easter laith shining 
through personal tragedy in a 
Christian congregation.” he 
said; “Such heroic healing 
power could hardly foil to 
move the most determined 

- At home and abroad, Dr 
Runcie said “we are confront- 
ed by the dark demonic 
dimension of human nature 
which can cause the most 
resilient spirit to quiver and 

quake.” Christians must be 
the sworn foes of vicious 
assault, callous cruelty, perse- 
cution, poverty and power- 
lessness, he said. 

“As we watch or read the 
news we are constantly sicken- 
ed by the sights or fust-hand 
accounts of violence against 
women and children, against 
whole groups of people who 
are labelled and despised” 

In very similar terms lo 
those used by the Pope in his 
Easter message in Rome yes- 
terday, Dr Runcie went on to 
'fajvttiai c3 provocation could 
justify “violent acts or words" 
of retaliation, which did not 
solve the problem. 

“The sickness is in the 
hearts and minds of men and 
children,” he said “Easter is 
the Good Shepherd coming 
back to seek and save what is 
lost” Easter was about being 
sound, healed, restored, 

Though Christianity had to 
be concerned with opposing 
soda! injustices, its main mes- 
sage was this forgiveness, of- 
fered through Christ, Dr 
Runcie said 

Pope photograph, page 5 

James Cagney dead 

New York (AP) - James 
Cagney, who won an Oscar as 

from New York's Lenox Hill 
Hospital last week, where he 

the song and dance man of had been treated for a circuia- 
“ Yankee Doodle Dandy” but tory ailment 

earned his place in film hisio- 


at then that he was returning to 

the age of 83. 

Cagney, who suffered from 
diabetes, had been in declin- 
ing health. He was released 

his farm to be among the 
surroundings he loved 

Report, photographs, page 16 

Soldier is 
shot at 

By Richard Ford 

A British soldier was seri- 
ously ill last night after Re- 
publican terrorists shot him at 
the end of a ceremony marking 
the seventieth anniversary of 
the Dublin Easter Rising. A 
single shot hit him in the face 
in the Gobnascale estate in 

Later, rioting broke out in 
the city cemetery when the 
police and soldiers tried to 
arrest masked men who had 
fired a volley over the grave of 
an IRA man. Women shielded 
the men and the security forces 
were attacked with stones and 
bottles.- They replied with 
plastic bnflets. 

The shot soldier, serving 
with the Royal Anglian regi- 
ment, had been on duty at a 
ceremony daring which a 
plaque commemorating Re- 
publican volnnteers was 

The ceremony, attended by 
about 150 people, had passed 
peacefully until the gunman 
opened fire in an incident 
which is bound to be hailed as 
an act of defiance on a day 
when the Provisional IRA and 
Sinn Fein tell supporters that 
the war wiD goon until Britain 

In speeches at the biggest 
ceremony, in west Belfast, the 
nervousness of the Republican 
movement over the Anglo- 
Irish agreement was evident 

Mr Mitchell McLaughlin, a 
leading Sinn Fein member 
from Londonderry, gave the 
oration and said that the 
agreement was designed to 
preserve the status quo. 

He appealed to the 
“loyalist” working class to 
join the nationalist working 
class to bring revolutionary 

Continued on page 2, col 3 

Police h 

By Colin Hughes 

Special Branch detectives in America and its arrogance.' 

Oxford and London are 
searching for trainee Libyan 
pilots who are alleged to have 
offered themselves as suicide 
squads to Colonel Muammar 
Gadafii, the Libyan leader, 
ready lo sacrifice themselves 
in attacks on American bases 
in Britain. 

Tbe police inquiries started 
after a statement made by a 
former trainee pilot at O.x lord 
airport flying school to a 
Radio Tripoli phone-in 

The man, identified by The 
Sunday Times yesterday as 
Adit Masood. claimed to 

Of the me Libyans training 
at Oxford for civil pilot li- 
cences. two have been inter- 
\ iewed by Thames Valley 
police. Mr" Meehan said that, 
neither • were found to be 
connected with the yeiephone 
cal! to Tripoli. The other 
ihree. however, are away for 
Easier, and ha^e yet io be 

“We understood that 
Masood had returned ;o Libya 
when he qualified, but we 
cannot be sure.*" 

Most known Libyan and 
Arab militants are under regu- 
lar sun cilkince 

^peak on behalf of a group' ol ‘ Ar.r iretiice pilots from 
trainee pilots - hased at CSE Oxford airport who were in- 

Oxford, calling itself the Ox- 
ford Revolutionary Force 

Mr Ken Meehan, the 
school's chief instructor, said 
yesterday that Mr Masood 
“qualified here IS months 
ago, and is no longer with us". 

Detectives have checked 
former Oxford addresses, but 
believe Mr Masood is now- 
living in London. “We do not 
know if he is necessarily the 
Tripoli caller, but we must at 
least eliminate him from our 
inquiries," a detective at Ox- 
ford airport said yesterday. 

The caller told Tripoli 
radio:"We will hit with an 
iron fist anyone like dirty 
Reagan, who contemplates ag- 
gression. We. the revolution- 
ary force, are prepared to 
become suicide squads against 

tern on suicide attacks on 
American and Naso airbases 
codd easily overfly critical 
centres such as Upper 
Hey ford, in Oxfordshire, or 
Grecnham Common in Berk- 
snirc. both store nuclear 

Upper Hcyford is six miles 
from Oxford airport’s flying 
school, which has trainee Lib- 
yan pilots regularly flying solo. 
Green ham is 23 miles away, 
and the European Communi- 
cations Centre at Croughton is 
nine miles away. 

In trainer aircraft, which fly 
at up to 140 mph. ali the bases 
couid be reached within min- 
utes by Libyans determined to 
crash their trainer aircraft 
The Arab pilots $1 Oxford 

Continued on p.ige 2, col 3 

Credit Card 

to go to tue United states and m r« ■» •if -m ii f m , 

tsfsKfsts Nme killed as weather bites 

' The Times Portfolio compe- 
tition will resume tomorrow 
wife fee daily prize of £2,000. 

Double op 

: Martin Guy, aged 18, made 
? British medical history by 
Undergoing consecutive heart 
and kidney tr ansp lant opera- 
tions at Papworth Hospital, 
Cambridge Page 3 

Chepstow off 

The Chepstow race meeting 
scheduled for today has been 
cancelled because the course is 
waterlogged. However, 15 oth- 
er Bank Holiday . cards are 
published in detail 
inside Pages 27,28^9 

W ald heim role 

Was Dr Kurt Waldheim, the 
former UN Secrerary-General, 
a Nazi interrogator or was he 
just. an interpreter? What was 
bis: war record? Tran Bower 
sifts the documentary evidence 
from Washington, Belgrade 
and Athens Page 12 

Home News 2-5 Leaders • t3 
Overseas 5-9 Letters . 13 

Appts M Ntgbt sfcv U 

Azts 15 Cfotaaxy 14 

Birdeufeado; Ftarfixmest M 
rammo, 14 Prent Bands 15 
Bridge 14 BdipH' . 14 

Cam , . 14 Science 14 

Crosswords 1846 Sport 27-32 
Diary 12 Theatres, <*c 31 

Fcawea 10- TV & Radio . 31 
. .1207-21 Weather 16 

Law Kqnrt 9 With . 14 

ber of points feat are outstand- right” 

Parade off as Gooch threat 
search for to pull out 
girl continues of final Test 

A Salvation Army Easter Graham Gooch, the En- 
parade at Moriey, near Leeds, gland opening batsman, has 
where Sarah Haiper, aged 10, threatened not to return to 
disappeared last Wednesday Antigua, the venue for the 
on a shopping trip, was can-, fifth Test match in April, 

celled yesterday as congrega- 
tion members joined the 
. search for tbe giri. 

Det Supt John Stainthorpe 

unless remarks made by the 
island's deputy prime minister 
are withdrawn. 

Mr Lester Birdsaid that 

said the hunt would continue. Gooch, who captained a 
until the police were satisfied “rebel” England party who 
=_ -u J «'- toured South Africa in 1982, 

she was not in tbe area. 

must now accept that there is a was “contemptuous of the 
chance she is no longer alive.” Caribbean public”. Page 32 

At least nine people were 
killed in road accidents yester- 
day as freezing winds, sleet 
and rain marked the arrival of 
British Summer Time. 

In Cornwall, hopes were 
lading for a young man 
washed out to sea by a giant 
wave on Saturday night while 
walking down a cliff path near 

A naval helicopter found no 
trace of Mr Richard 
Moo rehouse, aged 24, of Cov- 
entry, and the coastguard said 
later his chances of survival 
were virtually niL 

The weekend casualties in- 
cluded two young women. 
Miss Louise Holmes, of 
Thomlcy Road, and Miss 
Trudy Mitchell, of Constable 
Road, Felixstowe, Suffolk, 

who died when their car was 40. of Fern Avenue, Stavelv, 
in collision with a goods train aiM j Mrs Mary Andrews, aged 

on an unmanned level cross- 
ing at Trimley St Martin near 
Ipswich on Saturday. 

The worst accident was in 
Sutton Coldfield, West Mid- 
lands. where two meri and a 
woman were killed and three 
people injured when their car 
struck a tree early yesterday. 

In west Wales, two men 
died and three were injured 
when their car overturned on 
the A485 at Llanltwni near 
Lampeter. Dyfed. Police said 
the two who died were aged 22 
and 23 and came from the 
Llanybydder area of Dyfed. 

In Bollingwood, near 
Staveley. Derbyshire, a head- 
on collision between two cars 
killed Mr John Bowdler, aged 

57, of Haddon Place, 
Middlecroft, Stavely. Two 
other people were taken to 
hospital after tbe accidenL 

In Castle Vale. Birming- 
ham. two police officers and 
four youths were slightly in- 
jured in a collision between a 
police patrol car and a stolen 
vehicle. One of the youths was 
detained in hospital for 

A Weather Centre spokes- 
man said the Arctic winds 
should drop today, but the 
forecast was for more rain 
everywhere, with sleet and 
snow north of the Midlands 
and maximum temperatures 
of 9C (48F). 

Accused Briton awaits Libyan spy charge fate 

From Robert Fisk, Tripoli, Libya 

Mr James Leonard Abra 
spent a joyless Easter y ester- 

give judgement hi his case on 
April 12, a date which British 

day in fee noisy confines of officials and Mr Abra’s cof- 
Jdeide prison awartingbls fate leagues in fee Plessey elec- 
on spying charges in just 12 tronics company are 
days* -time at the. hands of anticipating wife a mixture of 
Libva's Central .Criminal optimism and deep anxiety. 

days* -time at fee hands of anticipating wife a mixture of 

*1 ILuaV t /** AitfwiT rVrvnSnal anJnnmm anJ /loan avrvMiHi 

Libva's Central Criminal optimism and deep anxiety. 
Court If he Is freed by the court, 

. He Is forbidden to meet tbe Mr Abra— a sandy-haired and 
other two Britons in the gumt bespectacled radar eupjneer 
jail outside Tripoli — both are aged 57- will be back with his 

* - J _ A Imu. f S_ 1 _ 

convicted prisoners — and has 
had no visitors . since the 
British Consul, Mr Hugh 
Dmmachie, tamed np to see 
him three weeks ago with a 
fruit cake, chocolate, toffees, 
cheese and 'a jar of Bonil to 

family in- Hertfordshire by 


If be is found guilty, he 
could spend much of theresf of 
bis Dfe in a Libyan prison. 

The charge against Mr 
Aiwa was outuned for fee first 

i „ 

supplement his meagre prison"- time in open court feus month 
.food : snpp3y.v *at the most recent hearing of. 

The president of fee court jfee case before fee Tripoli 
has tefa^ Mr Abra that he win tribunaL 

Plessey had been asked to 
bid for military radar con- 
tracts in Libya and Mr Abra 
was accused after arriving in 
Tripoli of writing a memoran- 
dum to eight officials in 
Plessey giving secret informa- 
tion about Libyan radar de- 
fences and personnel, details 
which — according to fee 
Libyans — were not needed by 
his company. 

- The prosecutor has now 
claimed that Plessey is part of 
“the British estawishment^ 
and that Mr Abra was there- 
fore passing secrets to the 
British Government 
To support this contention, 
the prosecution drew the 
court’s . attention to Mrs 
Thatcher's recent, efforts to 

id to persuade President Reagan to 
con- boy PJesscy's Ptarmigan cotn- 
Abra nnmicafion system for the US 
ig in military m preference to 
nan- French equipment 
i in Mrs Thatcher's vain efforts 
rma- to get the Americans to buy 
- de- British have therefore now 
■tails been portrayed here as evi- 
fee deuce that Plessey Is a British 
id by government organization. 

Mr A bra's Libyan defence 
now lawyer told fee conit president 
trtof that Plessey was an“indepei»- 
«£"„ dent and public company” 
iere- whose only relationship wife 
the the Government was that of 
. . company to customer, 
two, The court was toM that all 
fee fee information contained In' 
Mrs Mr Abra's report could be 
s to fraud - published openly - in 

Jane's Weapons Systems , 
which was submitted to the 
coart as part of fee defence 

By a cruel irony, fee trial of 
Mr Abra — a specialist on 
military radar — coincided 
with the American attack on a 
Soviet-made Libyan radar sys- 
tem near the town ofSirte. 

The incident had nothing to 
do with the charges against 
Mr Abra, and Mr Dtmnachie 
confidently says he does not 
believe the Libyan-US con- 
frontation will in any way 
affect the outcome of Mr 
Abra's case. 

The test of this assumption 
will come, of coarse, when fee 
court gives its verdict next 

epejiBB 6B-8gS'S*S3.S a ' 



NUT at Blackpool 

Teachers back 

leadership on 
wage talks but 
sanctions stay 

Members of the National 
Union of Teachers yesterday 
backed their leadership's deci- 
sion to take pan in talks on 

long-term pay and conditions 
under the Advisory Concilia- 
tion and Arbitration Service 

But Mr Fred Jams, the 
union's general secretary, 
warned the local authority 
employers and the smaller 
teacher associations that the 
NUT would offer them “no 
comfort” and would continue 
to press for a restoration of 
1974 salary levels, which 
would entail a 30 per cent rise, 
and improved conditions of 

The annual conference of 
the NUT. in Blackpool, over- 
whelmingly approved an exec- 
utive resolution endorsing 
participation in the talks while 
maintaining classroom sanc- 
tions. threatening a return to 
“sustained strike action”, and 
mounting a publicity drive to 
increase support from parents. 

Delegates, however, reject- 
ed other means of promoting 
their pay campaign, which 
includes the demand for an 
immediate £800 flat-rate rise. 
pending the outcome of the 
Acas talks. The other means 
could have included a nation- 
al one-day strike and a ban on 
invigilating exams. 

Mr Jarvis told the confer- 
ence: “When we go to the talks 
the other parties will not like 
what we say. We are bringing 
them nothing for their 

The NUTs objectives of 
restoring 1974 saiary levels, 
restructuring pay scales and 
securing widespread improve- 
ments in conditions of service 
remain unchanged. 

“We are not only attempt- 
ing to benefit the teaching 
profession. We are doing what 
is essential if the children of 
this country are to enjoy the 
high quality of education to 
which they are entitled and on 
which the future of Britain 
depends.” Mr Jarvis said. 

Marchers walking down the 

Falls' Road to Mil ttown cemetery, Belfast, in yesterday’s Easter rising commemoration 

Soldier is 
shot at 

Ex-officer may rule Belfast 

The union’s former presi- 
dent, Mr Gordon Green, ac- 
cused the five smaller unions 
of being prepared to “sell out” 
their members and empha- 
sized the importance of not 
alienating parents. 


Continued from page 1 

“We require parents’ sup- 
port if we are to change public 
opinion and increase public 
pressure on central 

"The Government thought 
we would be a pushover after 
the miners— but you cannot 
impon Polish education. 
NUT means No-U-Tum.” 

change. They had more in 
common with Provisional 
Sinn Fein, which was commit- 
ted to socialism and equality 
rather than a Unionist ascen- 
dancy. The British had 
ditched the Unionists because 
their own long-term interests 
now invofvedan open alliance 
with constitutional 


‘£5.1 m less’ spent on 
books in State schools 

By Lucy Hodges, Education Correspondent 

Spending on books in State 
schools fell again in real terms 
between 1984 and 1985. and is 
now drastically below what is 
spent in the independent 
schools, according to Mr John 
Davies, director of the Educa- 
tional Publishers Council. 

Speaking at the National 
Union of Teachers conference 
in Blackpool yesterday, he 
said that annual spending on 
books for each primary school 
child had declined from £7.25 
to £7.24. and for each second- 
ary school child from £10.17 to 
£10.09 in England and Wales. 

The total cash spend on 
books in primary schools had 
shrunk from £28.4 million to 
£28 million, and in secondary 
schools from £39.S million to 
£38.2 million, a total loss of 
£2 million. 

into account the cut was 
£3.6 milhon. The figures are 
taken from Department of 
Education and Science stat- 

Comparing the figures for 
books and equipment with the 
independent sector. Mr Da- 
vies said that in 1983-84 
preparatory boarding schools 
spent £59.10 on each pupil, 
and preparatory day schools 
£35.40. That compared with 
spending in State primaries of 
£25.40 in that year. 

At rhe headquarters of the 
Royal Ulster Constabulary 
yesterday senior officers met 
for the third day running to 
discuss today's parade by the 
loyalist Apprentice Boys in 
Portadown. co Armagh. Ten- 
sions in ihe town are high 
since the loyalists informed 
the police of a route which will 
lake them near Roman Catho- 
lic housing estates. 

It is feared that some ele- 
ments want a confrontation 
similar to those last summer, 
when Portadown was the 
scene of some of the worst 
loyalist rioting for many years. 

A former British Army offi- 
cer has been approached by 
the Government to act as a 
commissioner in the event of 
services in Northern Ireland 
breaking down because of 
Unionist protests over the 
Anglo-Irish agreement 

The Government is under 
mounting pressure to send a 
commissioner to Belfast City 
Council which has adjourned 
its meetings for six months 
and whose annual contracts 
for fuel supplies expire tomor- 

Mr John Gorman, aged 63. 
who retired last year as chief 
executive of the Housing Ex- 
ecutive. has been approached 
by senior officials and he said 
yesterday that if he was invit- 
ed to act as a commissioner. “1 
will certainly not be unpre- 
pared to do that”. 

Mr Gorman, who was an 
officer in the Irish Guards and 
served with the RoyaJ Ulster 
Constabulary, has already ad- 
vised the Government on the 
situation over the setting of 
district rates in the 1 8 councils 
that are adjourned as port of 
the Unionist protest. 

Unionist councillors in Bel- 

By Richard Fond 

fast have been warned by Mr 
Cecil Ward, the town clerk, of 
the wide range of services that 
could run down within a 
matter of weeks as well as the 
delays caused to building 
projects by the adjournment 

The Roman Catholic Pri- 
mate of All Ireland expressed 
disappointment yesterday at 
the lack of progress in the 
North since the signing of the 
Anglo-Irish agreement. 

Ordinal Tomas O Fiaich 
said: “It has a lot in potential 
and therefore 1 think it de- 
serves a dance. I think the 
Anglo-Irish agreement will 
have to prove itself over the 
years. The agreement simply 
proves itself in action”. 

However, he said the agree- 
ment had enhanced the posi- 
tion of Roman Catholics 
“more symbolically than any 
other way”. 

Members of the Official 
Unionist and Democratic 
Unionist parties ignored a 16- 
page report outlining the diffi- 
culties ahead when they voted 
last week to hold no meetings 

in April and refused to see a 
delegation from community 
groups threatened whb clo- 
sure because a grant of 
£250.000 had been frozen. 

Their refusal to suspend the 
adjournment policy to vote 
grants for the groups, includ- 
ing mother and toddler dubs, 
citizens' advice bureaux and a 
resource centre, threatens to 
close 25 groups with the loss of 
54 jobs and 100 community 

Mr Rainer Paget, chairman 
of a steering committee of 
community groups, accused 
Unionist councillors of abdi - 1 
eating their responsibilities in ; 
a way which proved they were 
non-caring, hard-hearted, 
small-minded and. 


Ministers win not suspend ; 
coundls and send in a com- 
missioner unless statutory ser- 
vices such as burying the dead 
and refuse collection cease to 
be carried out. Instead, they | 
will make an interim decision i 
to appoint someone to take ad ; 
hoc decisions to maintain | 
services such as heating lei- ; 
sure centres and feeding the I 
animals at Belfast Zoo. 

Police hunt for suicide squad Libyans 

Allowing for inflation, the 
loss was £5.1 million. Taking 

the decline in pupil numbers 

Senior independent schools 
spent £98.40 on each pupil 
compared with £43.10 on Slate 
secondary pupils. Mr Davies 
acknowledged that the Gov- 
ernment was giving an extra 
£20 million to secondary 
schools for materials for the 
new GCSE examination, but 
he said that none of that 
would be available before 

Continued from page 1 

airport, near Kidlington. are 
mostly on a one year civil 
pilot's licence courses, but 
others study for three years for 
instrument flight, and regular- 
ly fly solo with few restrictions 
on their movement in both 
single and twin engine aircraft. 

A restricted flying regime is 
due to come in force shortly 
for Upper Heyfond, which 
would force pilots to contact 

the base air traffic control 
tower before entering its 

tional Air Traffic Service pan- 

el, a joint Royal Air Force and 
Civil Aviation Authority 

The Civil Aviation Author- 
ity said yesterday that the 
restrictions over Upper 
Heyford were introduced after 
a number of near misses 
between civilian gliders and 
military aircraft, mostly 
American FI 1 1 fighters flying 
out of Upper Heyford. 

But a member of the N a- 

body. said yesterday:‘*Cleariy 
people have been influenced 
by the. knowledge of these 
Libyans training in dose prox- 
imity to sensitive installa- 
tions. It is the old conflict 
between commercial and se- 
curity interests.” 

suicide missions. “They could 
enter Upper Heyford's air- 
space before anyone had a 
chance to intercept or ques- 
tion them. 

He emphasized that the new 
restrictions could not prevent 

Although the chances of 
hilling nuclear weapons stores 
are minimal suicide pilots 
could damage buildings and, 
equipment essential to base 
operations, as well as kiii or 
injure American and British 

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WMJ IMM.Wc'lMWIill.lUlll'lld-J.nM’ll-kMnni'wtMW'l-lll, l»l»» » W l»IH» Tra* II 1 '■ 

Fulham by-election 

Latest price: 

Alliance exploits 
Militant division 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 


The Miltitant Tendency fac- 
tor looks likely to dominate 
the Fulham by-election this 
week, with the the SDP- 
Liberal Alliance increasingly 
hopeful of using it to snatch 
victory from Labour on April 
10. . . 

The Alliance bombarded 
voters in the south-west Lon- 
don constituency at the week- 
end with a leaflet highlighting 
last week’s failure by Mr Neu 
Kinnock and Labour's nation- 
al executive to expel 12 
Merseyside Militants. 

Alliance officials are hope- 
ful that the latest canvassing 
returns, - now being fed into a 
computer, will confirm that 
their support is rising at the 
expense of both the Conserva- 
tive and Labour candidates. 

The SDFs determination to 
milk the Militant issue for all 
it is worth will pose the first 
real test for Mr Nick 

Raynsford, the moderate and 
highly competent Labour can- 

KJerseyside Militants. 

Mr Roger Liddle, SDP can- 
lidate, said last night: “1 

didate, who holds a comfort- 
able lead in tbe opinion polls. 

didate, said last night: “1 
believe last week’s events at 
the Labour party were a 
turning point” 

He claimed that the Mili- 
tant issue was a key talking 
point on council estates. “It 
was very encouraging from 
i our point of view. People were 
I going on about Labour’s splits 
and divisions and how they 

were not a strong party but 
were divided.” 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, will make his third by- 
election visit to the constitu- 
ency this morning. He is 
expected to resume the attack 
on Labour's inability to deal 
with extremists. 

Labour officials are conti- 
dent that a clear distinction 
has been made in voters’ 
minds between the Kinnock- 
ted party, seen as sound, 
reasonable and decent and 
the tiny minority of left-wing 
extremists, whose expulsion 
from the party has been 
delayed only temporarily. - 
Senior party sources last 
night firmly rejected reports 
that Mr Kranock intends to 
withdraw the party whip from 
Mr Terry Helds and Mr 
David Nellist, Labours two 
Militant-supporting MPs. 

General Election: M. Sterna (Q 
18.200: A Powdl <Laft> UL*IG: B 
Rendel iL/AU> 7.194: M»sJ Grtm« , 
i ECO) 2TT: jR Pearce <Nnj229; JKealS 
illtd LI 102. C mad: 4.789. 


unions of 

warning of 

war on 


. Mr Robert Maxwefi, thfr 
pajbtisher of Minor Group 
Newspapers, yestorfer «> 

cused the print HBionSojat^i 

and the National Uvob fit 
Journalists of conspiracy to 
prevent his Scottish titles 
being published- hi the cast of 
Sogat, he said, it was being 
done fa deliberate defiance of 
court orders. 


“Enough is emu**, Mr{ 
Maxwell said on roe BBC] 
Radio 4 p rog ramme, The! 
World This Weeeknd. “I hare 
done everything to my power;] 
to negotiate fairly and reason- ! 
ably. I have bent oner back- 1 
wards. Then excuses are jsst a ; 
sham.” . 

Mr MaxweB has dismissed 

230ft workers is Scotland and 
told them that they must 
reapply for jobs with new- 
| companies that he intends, to 
print his tides. 

He said that the workers 
concerned were among the 
best paid in Britain, receiving 
£450 a week far a four-day 35 
or 36 hoar week. He had 
offered a 10 per cent pay 
increase of £45 a week in 
return for a 36-hoar five day 
week, which was required to 
mert competition. 

“All they had to do was 
agree to work a five-day week. 
Now it is too fate for them. 
They mast accept new terns of 
employment and do so by 
midday on April 3 or that is an 
end of that, and of fbeirjobs 
with as.” 

Mr Arthur Scaxgffl. the 
mmere’ leader, sad yesterday 
that tbe Govenrawnt 
forcing down working 
people's -standard of living 
essjg mass tmemptoymem 
and anu-srsde union 

MrSeffljplL president of the * 
National _ ■ Union oi 
Mmcwoiters, toldtte Labour 
Party Young Socialists’ na- 
tional conference i» Bourne- 
mouth: “Lei -there be no 
mistake; wr are involved in a 
war. Gur liberties and 
democracy itself are being 
taken from us. and harass- 
ment is being: deployed with- 
ott s pretence. 

Referring - to -mutexs' 
strike. Mr Scargill said his 
union's members would con- 
tinue to fight for their jobs. “I 
am sick and tired of people 
within The movement Who 
talk about setback and 
defeat” . 

He sa& 'Tf the councils ol *' 
Lambeth and Liverpool are 

fabric of society, trying to keep 
down costs. and. wanting to 
keep intact services for the 
dderfy and uwfefprivifcgrd. 
then we should not be con- 
demning them, but applaud- 
ing litem-” 

Invitation for 
the Prince 

Mr MaxweU said that radon 
leaders were tiring “mnsde 
and madness to bring abort 
unemployment where sane 
was contemplated or 
necessary**. Thefr only snecess 
would beindestroyuq; the jobs 
of hundreds of their members. 

Mr Maxwell said that tire 
unions were “greedy and pow- 
er ' hungry”. He dismissed 
accusations that he was trying 
to set up a non-union shop, fart 
said that he had to pat an end 
to a situation in which workers 
were being iatmadaied and 
threatened by fear that their 
trade ration ticket would be 
withdrawn. There would be uo 
closed shop in his new 

Mr Maxwell said thrttbe 
National Unionist of Journal- i 
ists dairas that he was frying 
to destroy the “Scrttisbaess - 
of the titles were sapid. He 
added: “It is tost another of 
then, sham exqses. These 
people hare got to understand 
that we do .art owe them a 
fivmg. They hare gor to stop 
all this 0 is tmfefor 
management to show what 
they can do.” • 

Prince Michael of Kent has 
been invited to compete 

against the Duke ofEdinburgh 

in the three-day carriage driv- 
ing trials ro be held at San- 

for drivers hoping to make the 
British Carriage Driving team 
for the worid championships 
at Ascot in August. 

Narrow house 
goes on sale 

A two-bedroom wedge- 
shaped bouse with the narfow- 
est frontage in Britain, just 58 
inches according to the 
Guinness Book of Records, is 
formate for £3fr500. 

- Mrs Beveriey Baker, who 
_has owned the bouse, built in 
1880 in Manor Road, Ports- 

mouth, Hampshire, for eight 
rears, said she is “looking for 

years, said she is “looking 
something* bit bigger”. - 

Death remand 

Foot joins protest 
at Wappinc 

Mr Michael Foot, the fanner 
leader of the Labour Party, 
was among 4fi00 people who 
demonstrated outside News 
International** Wapping plant 
in east London on Saturday 
night in protest against the 
dismissal of 5300 print 
workers. ' 

Brian Williamson, unem- 
ployed. aged 27,. of Seven 
Shfets Road, north London, 
accused of murdering Richard 
Mercy* a demist, who was 
found battered to death in his 
London flat six years ago, was 
remanded in custody until 
next Monday at Horseferry 
Road court on Saturday. 

BFoads tests 

Tests are to be carried out 
by the Norfolk Broads Au- 
thority on 21 types of boat to 
find a hull which least erodes 
the waterway basks through 
waves from the wash: 

iSFyS Mail remand 

Hie demonstration was 
smaller than on preceding 
weekends, and for the most 
part orderly. Mr Fort said^Tt 
must be obvious to anyone who 
has studied the matter what 
efforts the organ iz ers have pat 
into ensuring that there is a 
well-behaved de mo nstration 
without violence**. 

George Davis, aged 44, of 
Popfar.east London, was re- 
fused bail when he appeared 
^before Horseferry Road mag- 
istrates on Saturday, accused 
of stealing mailbags from a 
London-Brighton train. 

Scruton sues 

Nonetheless there were 13 
arrests, and 11 people were 
charged with public order 
offences. Foot people were 
accused of King thre a te nin g 
behaviour, three with obstruct- 
ing the police, two with being 
drunk and disorderly, one with 
assault on the police, and one 
with causing* breach of die ' 
peace. One of those arrested 
was released after being too- ;j 
tioned, and another hailed to J 
return to police custody. - 

Dr Roger Scruton, editor of 
the right-wing Salisbury Re- 
view *nd Reader in Philoso- 
phy at Birkbeck College, 
London University, is suing 
' The Observer for libel 

Forest jobs * 

A Dutch firm's £30 million 
holiday village in Sherwood 
Forest, Nottinghamshire, will 
provide up to 500 jobs during 
construction, beginning this 
week, and full-tune employ- 
ment for 200 when it is 
operating next year. - 

News International said fall 
print ohlers- for -both The 

Sunday Times and tbe Newsoj 
the World bad been achieved . 
and although the depart u re of 
some lorries had bere delayed 
by the demonstrators distribu- 
tion bad been “completed 

School arson 

Arsonists badly damaged a 
primary school yesterday in 
Llandudno. Gwynedd, where 
there have been more than a 
dozen deliberate fires, two 
involving other schools, since 
last November. ■ 

When the main convoy of 
lorries left the plant, the police 
diverted it from the main body 
of demonstrators. 

APRIL 1 AT 3pm. 



-immiinMy? ,,OM ,r,l!<t,, » 

‘could double 
water rates’ 

Seven in ten t hink that 
Sellafield is unsafe 

Water rates could double in 
some regions if the Govern- 
ment starts selling off the 10 
water authorities in England 
and Wales as planned, it was 
claimed yesterday. . 

Mr John Edmonds, general 
secretory of the General and 
Municipal. Boilermakers and 
Allied Trades Union, which 
represents 20,000 industry 
workers, said the move would 
be environmentally and eco- 
nomically disastrous. 

Nearly 70 per cent of the 
population think the nuclear 
waste reprocessing plant ax 
Sellafield, Cumbria, is unsafe, 
according to a NOP market 
research survey published 

“If privatization goes ahead 
in some regjons. there woulld 
have to be increases in water 
rates of up to 100 per cent in 
the first two years because new 
private owners, seeking in- 
creased profits, would still 
need to meet the costs of 

maintaining an expensive wa- 
ter system”, he said. 

A national survey of more 
than 1,000 people os March 
21 and 22 this year found that 
72 per cent believed it was 
unsafe to live wi thin 10 miles 
of the nuclear plant. 

Only 5 per cent; said they 
would feel “very safe" living 
near by. 

Nearly 80 per cent believed 
SdUafield should deal only 
with waste from Britain, or 
stop reprocessing altogether. 
Only 14 per cent said 
Sellafield should continue its 
present .reprocessing 

Altogether, 69 per cent of 

those interviewed is the na- 
tional sample, believed the 
plant was unsafe. 

The survey, carried out for 
the Association of Market 
Survey' Organizations, which 
represents 31 leading research 
agencies, found that almost 
three in five people believed 
Britain would have to rely on 
nuclear power hs tbe fiuuhl . 

But the majority, 71 per 
cent, preferred government 
research into alternative 
forms of energy. Such as wind 
or wave power. 

Only 1 1 per cent supported 
more, nuclear power ‘station^ 
and 8 per cent saw a combina- 
tion of nuclear' and ‘ Other 
energy forms:, as the best 
choice for the future. • 

~An AMSO Report , on Nuclear 

Waste (NOP Market Research. 
Toner House, Southampton Sl 
L ondon WC2). 

; ' : ‘ 

. . - A 

of ‘ J im’ll Fix It’ 
first heart 

Martin Gny leaving for his 
doable transplant; 

A youth who matte rnMil** 1 
history by having a heart and 
kidney transplant sat up in 
bed yesterday and told his 
father "It’s great to be alive”. 
_ Martin Guy, aged 18, from 
Glen Masson, near Dunoon, 
Strathclyde, is the first person 
m B ritain, possibly in the 
world, to be given consecutive 
heart and kidney transplants. 
Within five-and-a-balf hours 
two teams of surgeons per- 
formed the two operations on 

Martin appeared two weeks 
ago on the BBC television 
programme Jinfll Hx it after 
appealing for help. The RAF 
arranged to fly him to 
Papworth Hospital. Cam- 
bridge, for tests to see if he was 
suitable for transplants. 

His mother, Mrs Jenny 
Guy, said at the family home 
in Argyllshire yesterday: “The 
whole family is overjoyed at 
the progress Martin has made 
so tar.- He is feeling great 
considering what be has been 

On Saturday morning the 
hospital telephoned to say that 
a donor was av ailab le and 
Martin, accompanied by his 
father and a nurse, went by 
sea, land and air ambulance to 
the hospital and was on the 
operating table by 5.25pm. 
About three and a half hours 
later the heart transplant was 
completed and 20 minutes 
later he was back in the theatre 
for the two-hour kidney 

Mr John Edwards, a hospi- 
tal spokesman, said last night: 
“Martin is fully conscious and - 
his condition is satisfactory 
and improving. Both opera- 
tions were successful and both 

donor organs are working well 
and be is breathing on his own 
-without a ventilator. 

“He came down here for 

• assessment a couple of weeks 
ago and after that his doctors 
were dear in their own minds 
that both transplants were the 
only treatment possible for 
him to save him. But we 
needed a suitable donor. 

“The operations were car- 
ried out with precision to 
make sure that both of the 
replacement organs were in 
exactly the right condition.” 

He added: “AVe were not just 
saving a life but giving this 
young man a better quality of I 
life so that he could rejoin his 
community and live life to the 
falL r 

• Several advances in trans- 
plant surgery made it possible 
for Martin to undergo the 
multiple organ transplant 
(Pearce Wright writes). 

One is the rapid method of 
tissue typing, which allows 
donor organs to be matched to 
possible recipients very quick- 
ly. Through the use of com- 
puter analysis, dbpor organs 
can be matched instantly to a 
list of patients waiting for 

Furthermore, without the 
refinement of drugs to over- 
come rejection of transplants, 
it would not have been possi- 
ble to have conducted the 
double surgery. 

There was the need to carry 
out a dual operation because 
Martin's illness put a strain on 
both organs. Treating one by 
replacement would have only 
been a temporary measure 
because the untreated organ 
would have led to a failure of 
the one replaced. 

• :s-» 

-*.11 -v 

■ t 

Easter promise in 
Customs dispute 

r " -sr ; :x . 

By Gavin Bell 

- • . ■ - -|-4. * 

■ • “ . 

4 . 


,.— • .ft - 


, -V j 

.. -.i 


Customs officers have 
promised to minimize the 
delays to travellers at Britain's 
air and sea ports today as a 
result of a union work-to-rufe. 

Mr Ken Rignall, a branch 
secretary of the Society of 
Civil and Public Servants, 
denied a report in The Morton 
Sunday that forecast' wide- 
spread delays. 

He said: “Contrary to the 
leport, our, aim is not to: 
disrupt Easter ho&day traffic. . 
We ljave not called -for walk- 
outs, 'only a. woik-to-^ile 
Which is likely 10 delay incom- 
ing- passengers at Heathrow 
forup to about half an hour on 
Monday. While we have had 
messages of support from 
cnfleagiies elsewhere, other 
airports and maritime ports - 
should not be affected” 

Mr Rignall said that the 
society may call nationwide 
action in the dispute over new 
drift rotas for Terminal Four 
at Heathrow airport before the 
terminal opens cm April 12, . 
but there were no such plans 
for disruption of the holiday 

. At Dover, Mr Keith Turner, 
organizing secretary of the 
union- at the main channel 
ports, confirmed that no ac- 
tion was planned over Easter. 

.The Customs and Excise 
said the management was 
watching the situation dosely 
and would implement contin- 
gency plans if necessary. 

“Our message to the public 
is not to be alarmed. Anyone 
coming through the green 
channels at Heathrow with 
nothing _to declare, over the 
1 Silts should have 'no prob- 
lems. If abnormal delays de- 
velop at red channels we will 
be introducing contingency 
plans to minimize 

A customs officer working 
at Heathrow said yesterday 
that he was maintaining con- 
trols as usual, particularly 
regarding drugs trafficking. 

. “We're just working accord- 
ing to the rules laid down. My 
main concern is drugs and I 
am keeping a sharp eye .out as 
usual. To suggest our action 
will open the door to drugs 
runners is nonsense.” 

Tougher eggs 
hope in shells 

_ poultry feed that win 
improve the quality ofeffisfor 
consumers and boost farmers' 
incomes by millions of 
pounds a year has been devel- 
• oped by British scientists. . 
BOCM-Silcock, one of the 
country’s largest animal feed 
suppliers, his developed a 
feed , which produces a large 
egrwitfa a tough shell, packed 
with vitamins. 

Thetirirmess of many shells 
is the largest single cause of 
- complaints from consumers. 
The feed contains no drugs, 
antibiotics or hormones 
Poultry farmers will benefit 
because the feed provides 
large eggs, which command 
high prices, and they have 
strong shells which wil] reduce 
breakages. The avera^s Briton 
eats 250 eggs a year. Egg sales 
.last year were worth almost. 
£900 million and more than 
11,124 million eggs were 

Debrett leads 
with royal 
wedding book 

Publishers of the peerage 
book, Debrett, have been 
working flat out over the Bank 
holiday to get the first royal 
wedding book into the shops. 

The publishers gambled on 
Prince Andrew's choice as 
fiancee four months before he 
proposed, arid have had gene- 
alogists researching Miss. Sa- 
rah Ferguson’s family. 

The company is trying to get 
the hardback book into shops 
by mid-May, well in time for 
the wedding on July 23. 

Mr Robert Jarman, the 
managing director, said: “We 
took a gamble on Sarah Fergu- 
son back in December and 
thankfully it has paid off”. 

The firm did the same at the 
last royal wedding, and 
soldmore than 200,000 copies 
of its book then. Among the 
revelations in the new book is 
that the future princess is 
distantly related to the brewer 
Samuel Whitbread; 

Giro ghost 
face purge 

“Ghost” council house ten- 
ants in Glasgow could be 
collecting multiple Giro 
cheques under a variety of 
aliases. They do not live in the 
bouses, using the addresses as 
“Giro drops”. 

The houses are rarely fur- 
nished, although . grants for 
ftaniture have been made. 
Now the city's housing depart- 
mem is to lead a crackdown 
on its bogus tenants. . 

Where the house is not 
being property occupied the 
tenancy will be ended and the 
house re-let. 

Mr James McLean, the 
bousing convener, said: “It is 
a massive problem nation- 
wide, but particularly bad in 
Glasgow. What we are seeing 
is only a tip of this iceberg." 

The ghost tenants, normally 
single, accept tenancies on 
estates where letting is diffi- 
cult. The address enables 
them to quality for higher rate 
supplementary benefits and to 
receive special payments from 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security to furnish their 
new home. • 

Mr McLean said: “It does 
not take the neighbours long 
to realize that no one lives in 
the house. The tenant only 
appears to meet the postman 
on Giro day. 

“When housing officials in- 
vestigate they usually find the 
property vandalized 
All kinds of operations and 
rackets are being worked at the 
council's expense. Some of 
these addresses are used as a 
local base for drug 

Brides get gift 
of experience 

Two brides will each receive 
£200 from a dowry fund left by 
Mrs Annie Sibthorp, who was 
married four times and died at 
Sleaford, Lincolnshire in the 
early 1900s. 

Miss Toni Atterbury, aged 
24, a typist, and Miss Mary 
Watson, aged 23, a business 
analyst, were chosen by a 
panel for the awards, financed 
from the interest on £4,000 
left by Mrs Sibthorp for 
annual gifts to “two deserving 

Bridleway find 

' ; J - ' 

Survival hope for rare plant 

. By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 

A -chance discovery by a 
retired secretary has trans- 
formed the snrnvai hopes of 
one of Britain's least-known 
rare plants. Mbs Jo Dunn, 
who found the plants on the 
edge of a grassy bridleway, 
said: U I do net think anything 

_ botanfcafly 
happen to me again”. 

The downy woundwort is not 
nearty. so spectacular as the 
threatened orchids and other 
rarities that are guarded day 
and night in their flowering 
seasons. The woundwort, so 
named for the supposed beal- 
mg abilities of seme of to near 
botanical relatives, is similar 
to the lambs' (segues plants of 
■ cottage gardens and herba- 
ceous borders.; ... 

It once grew in severalparts 
of the Smith, and Midlands, 
but has gradually dwindled in 
the face of building and iriten- 

made her discovery last year ft 
was thought to survive m 
Britain canity in two places in 
Oxfordshire. ... 

Miss Dunn has been qnietty 
looking after _ the plants she 
found on tiie public bridleway 
elsewhere in the comity. Her 
discovery came to light only 
after she had been given a 
jgrant of £25 by the. British 
Ecological Sodety to meet the 
costs of petrol needed to reach 
the plants, telephone calls to 
landowners and. wire to protect 
tiie growing plants against 

When the Narine Conser- 
vancy Council learnt of the 
discovery ft gave Miss Dunn a 
farther £100 for writing a fall 
ywuntf df her jnonitoriiq; of 
the plants. Sto believes, that 
they appeared because the 
hedge, near, which they grow 
was cot in 1982 for the first 
time for at least 40 years. 

She would not name the site 
because so many rare wild 
plants have been dug up 
iDegalty Ity collectors. The 
plait looks rather like a tall 
nettle with small pinkish' flow- 
ers in the summer. It has a 
habit of disappearing tea few 
years and then starting to grow 

Miss Dunn said: “I retired 
two years ago. and 1984 was 
my first year of going back to 
my love of botany". She 
spotted a lovely -stand of mask 
thistle, and there was this 

plant not in flower with its 
whole stem covered in white 
hairs”. She identified it as 
downy woundwort from a lfiO- 
year-old flower hook. “I 
thought: T must go back when 
the flowers are out”\she add- 
ed- “By the end of the summer 
I had counted 56 flowering 

The Lazy Bee float, with to own honeycomb and stripy occupants, joining the Easter Parade at Battersea Park yesterday 

Reprieve for 
Easter Parade 

The annual Easter Parade in Batter- 
sea Park, London, yesterday, which 
seemed likely to disappear with the 
Greater London Council, has been 

Yesterday, Mr Edward Lister, a 
Conservative councillor and chairman 
of Wandsworth leisure amenities and 
services committee, promised to con- 
tinue the tradition. 

He said: “This is one of the park's 
most popular events and we have made 
a commitment to carry it on when we 
take over responsibility on Tuesday.” 

Bnt be said many events staged by the 
GLC, such as last July's Jobs for a 
Change, would end. “That was an 
absolute disaster with 15 muggings in 
an afternoon,” he complained. “The 
local people were not interested.” 

Youngsters enjoying the tongne-ont-of-cheek fun. 

pulls out 
of Iran 

A bishop yesterday with- 
drew sponsorship for a charity 
set up to help refugees from 
the Iranian regime of 
Ayatollah Khomeini because 
its fund-raising was “too 

The Bishop of Manchester, 
the Rt Rev Stanley Bootb- 
Cl ib bora, made his decision 
after learning that Iranian 
students acting for Iran-aid. 
had been stopping pedestrians 
in Sheffield with demands for 
minimum donations of £75. 

The students have been 
collecting on Sheffield Uni- 
versity campus for some time, 
and are believed to have 
raised a considerable sum. But 
there were complaints they 
had pursued students who 
promised to make a donation. 

Mr Paul Blonfield, deputy 
manager of the university 
students’ union, said’ “I can 
confirm that a complaint has 
been made about Iran-Aid” 
Collectors have now moved 
into the city centre and have 
spent some days stopping 
passers-by. Their technique is 
to ask: “Who do you think is 
the most haled man in the 

Potential donors are then 
shown a colour brochure of 
alleged atrocities under the 
Khomeini regime, including a 
photograph of a dissident 
being hanged from a crane. 

They say it costs £300 a 
month to rehouse a refugee 
Iranian family of three in 
Pakistan, and ask for a dona- 
tion to keep the family going 
for “a short time”. The mini- 
mum they accept is £75. 

The bishop, whose name is 
shown as a sponsor on leaflets 
produced by collectors, said: 

“I have mid them that I 
cannot go on sponsoring 

“I have no doubt it is a good 
humanitarian charity, but 
some of the methods used by 
their collectors are 

If you're in the market fora mobile cellulartelephone, be warned 

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BS'3 S ?S s Si3-3 B ^ 








‘Ghost town’ 
danger for 
after riots 

By Craig Setnn 

- Traders whose shops and destroyed properties, 
businesses were fire-bombed 
during the 

and looted 
Handsworth riots in Birming- 
~ ham last September have said 
..the area is in danger of 
■•becoming a ghost town. 

. The Lozells Road Traders 
■Association, which was 
formed to represent the shop 
owners who lost their proper- 
ty, said that none of the claims 
for compensation, totalling 
more than £5 million, 
havebeen paid, delaying plans 
"to redevelop the area. 

Seven months after the 
V. noting, during which an Asian 
postmaster and his brother 
“'died in their burning post 
“ office, three former traders 
" were claiming unemployment 
^■benefit, according to the 

Five more had left the area 
and others were struggling to 
survive in a temporary market 
“set up in the road where the 

• violence reached its peak. 

‘ Mr Basil Clarke, chairman 
~of foe association, whose elec- 
-itrica) business was destroyed, 
" said yesterday that -Traders 

• were desperate to press ahead 
with a £3 million shopping 
development to replace the 

Loss adj usters appointed by 
the West Midlands Police 
Authority, against whom 
compensation claims were 
made, are still working to 
produce figures on which pay- 
ments can be made. Birming- 
ham City Council is 
examaning the plans for about 
thirty-two new shops. 

Mr Clarke said; “There is a 
real danger that the area could 
become a ghost town unless 
we get some action quickly. 

"If the money starts to come 
through and all the red tape is 
removed, there is no reason 
why we should not start 
rebuilding in three months to 
produce a modern shopping 
area for the whole communi- 

The association hopes that 
once the plans for redevelop- 
ment go ahead, the Prince of 
Wales may visit the area as a 
demonstration of his interest 
in the regeneration of the 
inner cities. 

The association hopes that 
its members will meet about 
60 per cent of the cost of the 
shopping redevelopment in 
Lozells R 


sh the preservation plans. (Photographs: Barry Beattie)^ 

Heritage groups seek 

Man stabbed as soccer 
fans rampage in pub 

A football fan was recover- 
ing in hospital yesterday after 
being stabbed in the back 
when supporters clashed be- 
fore a local derby game. 

Mr Andrew Greenwood, 
aged 23. of Elsie Street. 
Farnworth. Greater Manches- 
ter, was having a drink in the 
Market Tavern in Wigan town 
centre when youths started a 
pitched battle a few minutes 
before the kick-off in the third 
division match between Bol- 
ton and Wigan. 

His condition was described 

as satisfactory by Wigan Royal 
Infirmary yesterday. 

The public house landlord, 
Mr Alan Mason, yesterday 
was sifting through damage 
caused by the youths who 
hurled bricks, chairs and ta- 
bles through windows. 

He said: “The whole inci- 
dent was very frightening 
Myself and the rest of the staff 

had to take cover in the back . 

Twenty arrests were made 
before the match for alleged 
public order offences. 

to save church’s glory 

Praise for 

in schools 

By a Staff Reporter 
Standards <rf 

writing asi pr t swrirtin aare 

j. - D*ri*Sal» 

o Bt fl attg b high in British 
sctoefe, according to Mr 
Charted WBs«, editor The 
Times. S ft ***** fofe? 
foot ft iApesswr'te wm 
ttassefm taste winasto 
The rs*** jratinr Journalist 

Smashed stained glass win- 
dow in the derelict church. 

Plans to save St Alban’s 
Church, Teddington, west 
London, one of the capital's 
g ra ndest Victorian churches, 
which lies “vandalized and 
forlorn”, have been submitted 
by Save Britain’s Heritage and 
the Victorian Society. 

Bufit on the scale of a 
cathedral to designs by Wil- 
liam Niven, the architect, in 
1887, St Alban's was declared 
redundant in 1977 and the 
Diocese of London last year 
applied for its demolition. 

It has since produced its 

own scheme to create flats 

within the body of the own*. 

which Save Britain’s Heniagr 
says would destroy its princi- 
pal glory. . . 

An alternative scheme, by 
the architects Purcell, Miller^ 
Trim & Partners, wwW 
preserve the interior of the 
chon* for exhibitions, con- 
certs and occasional services, 
and provide a dose of houses 
at the western end. 

An unnamed developer is 
understood to .be keen to 
undertake the scheme. 

The TOTOPditittK, HntudKd 
last summer as part of The 
Times hheate n m r y crfefcn- 

tiMfes, isriced papSs to submit 

q£ their dm news- 
papers or to take part or one of 
five wririra projects included 
a The limes c dncitwwl 
pack. The entries were judged 
zatweagepoqps, n toWapd 
15 to 17, satf the judges, 
nchdhg Mr WQsoa, were 
extremely taprawf by the 
high standards to both 
categories. V 
The wtontog dass newspa- 
per tor the jmtior age grasp 
wm the Lodahatt Globe, 
pro dn eed by the cbfidrea ef 
Brookfield School, Sarisbwy 
Green, star Southampton. 

What does it mean 




in danger’ 

to be an Officer inthe 

By Patricia dough 

Thousands of peaguns are 
dying of starvation in the 

Islands because of 

over-fishing in the area by 
Soviet and other fishing fleets, 
a European MP says. 

Mr Robert Battereby, the 
Conservative member for 
Humberside; has tabled 

For a start, it means the Territorial Army 

actually has its own Officers. 

Arid, because were expanding, were 
looking for more. You may not have realised 
this. So read on. 

It means going to Sandhurst. 

Surprised? You shouldn’t be. 

A Territorial Army Officers duties ,, 
and responsibilities are no less * 
demanding than those of his 
Regular Army colleagues. 

Potential Territorial Army 
Officers are singled out for their 
leadership qualities. 

And. during a continual 
i training and assessment programme 
" (which includes two weeks at the 
Royal Military Academy Sandhurst) 
these leadership qualities are devel- 
oped to the full. 

It means 


As soon as they join us, potential 
Territorial Army Officers begin to learn 
how to exploit their natural talents through 
a wide range of activities. 

From combat tactics, weaponry and map 
reading, to drill, command and fieldcraft. 

And they'll go on learning during the rest 
of their career as a Territorial Army Officer, 
because in the event of war, they’ll be expected 
to fight alongside the Regulars. 

It means keeping your brain 
as agile as your body. 

Naturally, we expect our Officers to be 
physically fit. Fitness is an essential facet of 
command, and its sometiiing 
we work at. 

motion for resolution , in the 
European Parliament calling 
on the EEC to start talks 
immediately with the United 
Nations on a workable fishery 
management control system 
in the south-west Atlantic 
Mr Battersby ac cuses the 
Russian, Polish and Japanese 
fleets of decimating fish 
stocks, particularly squid, by 
uncontrolled fis hing , endan- 

J “The side eflert of this 
"CV . i , j* - 1 excessive and irrespcmabfe 

He needs to exerase understanding I 
and initiative in equal quantities, in order to 
get the best out of people under his command. 

But leadership requires mental agility 
too. A Territorial Army Officer can find 
himself leading men from all walks of life. 

seriously damaged” , he sakL 

“The penguin . ..population 
and the seals depend heavily 
on squid for their survival and 
we . are now finding . that 
thousands of penguin corpses, 
underweight and showing 
sighs of starvation, are being 
washed up. • . ■ ; 

“It is expected that there 
will be a serious decline in the 
population of. both speci es 
before king, due to widespread 

He blames over-fishing on 
the world price for squid, 
which is about £1,000 a tonne. 

The Royal Society for the 
Protection of Birds said, bow- 

fish and 

squid stocks to move to areas 
where the birds could not 
reach them. It was a wen 
known occurrence. 

Itmeans commitment 

Obviously, a Territorial Army 
Officer has to give up some of his 
spare time. 

At least eight weekends a year 

plus a two week camp and some 
weekday evenings is the basic , 

. ' i i _ ever, that starvation among 

reauirement, though most OI OUT the penguins could wdl be due 
x ■. i .1 to to changes in the weather 

Officers find that the more they which prompted - j 
put into the Territorial Army, the 
more they get out of it 

Itmeans alotto 

r The Territorial Army is a 
vital and active part of our 

Currently, we make up one 
third of Britain’s land forces, 
were still expanding.Thats why 
khear from you. 

If you believe you have what it 

takes to become^aTerritorial Army Officer- 
think about it hard. 

EEC foam snrpins 

Outlook poor on talks 
to cut food mountain 

By John Yonng, Agricatee Correspondent 

Hampshire. It featmed topical 
unemployment and the 
teachers’ strike- 

The winner a mong papers 
■ pre pared hy the IS to 17-rear- 
oUs was The Manifest, from 
St Joseph's High School at 
Withies a Cheshire. Its prin- 
dpai stories dealt with local 
p gmfr y ud apartheid. 

"We were particularly ha- 
r jessed with the winning 
entries’ grasp of news issues, 
their csreprehoisive features 
coverage and eBtorpristog 
fayow", Mr Wilson said. 

Both papas were addition- 
ally commended to - their 
fashion and spots 

Two winners were selected 
to age grasp front indi- 
vidual papHunroaHsts who 
s u bmi tted articles on a wide 
variety at topics* In the 11-14 
groap Loqy Dickinson, of 

ihrorth School, won with a 

feagUy topical letter on the 
teadere’ strike and Antonia 
of the Earopean School 

jssels, took the other 

priae tor her report on a series 
off terrorist attacks in the 
la the senior class, the 
judges selected Brace Fallen, 
of the King's School, Canter- 
bury, who wrote ttonr safety 
staadanfeto school ragfay, and 
Lesley Stone, of the School of 
“jtawmrity Studies in Nor- 
who submitted a highly 
Mnafawwancrf a pharmacy 
habit at the local museum. 
All the wieners will receive 
a facs imile of the first edition 
of The Times, a copy of The 
Times souvenir bicentenary 
magazine, a CoUins dictionary 
and a selection of other books 
published by Coffins. They 
have also won for their schools 
a year's subscription and 
starter pack to The Times 
Network for Schools. The two 
winning newspapers; win a 
year's subscription to The 

Ih view of the exceptionally 
high standard of entiles, the 
judges decided to make an 
additional sped*! award to a 
dass at Waltham Forest 
School* north London, who 
had devoted enormous effort to 
their entry* The Terminator 
Times. They win £25 to spend 
on Coffins books and a facsim- 
ile of the first edition of The 

Negotiations by the Europe- 
an Commission .to sell large 
quantities of surplus food at 
reduced prices to the Soviet . 
Union, Eastern Europe and 
Arab states, including Libya, 
as reported in The Times on 
Friday, may be unavoidable. 

Bat the talks are not made 
any more acceptable by the 
knowledge that the situation 
may continue indefinitely. 

EEC farm ministers appear 
incapable of doing anything 
about the colossal waste en- 

advocating a further increase. 
The Commission broadly 
agrees with -Britain -and could 

cut intervention costs simply 

■ — mw # | tailed in buying, storing and 

Then pick upXthe phone, with pen “S g f«Sd. .<& 
and paper handy, andX make a free call • bi ** est - drain 00 ,be 


anytime on 0800 555 555, or send off this 
coupon today. We’re ready and 
waiting to hear from you. 




To The Territorial Army, Freepost 4335- (Dept. T1F) Bristol BSl 3YX. 
Please send me further information on TA. Officers. 

Name. ....... — 

Town On inru 

Educucion QiuilifitTiriorK 

Ready and Waiting 


M Francois Guillaume, the 
French farm’ minister, has in 
the past openly endorsed mth- - 
tant protests, including the., 
blocking of lorries carrying 
meat from Britain* arid wine 
and fruit from Italy and Spain, 
and has led a mass demonstra- 
tion in Brussels. 

The commodities, apart 
from wine, which are causing 
the biggest headaches indude 
grain, where the British Gov-, 
eminent is advocating pro- 
gressive price cuts to enable 
EEC wheat and • bariey to Tie 
txaded competitively at worid 
market levels. 

The National Farmers'’ 
Union maintain* that. that vrill * 
ruin many small farmers on 
marginal land; It would prefer 
quotas* coupled - * with 
‘'setaade" payments to farm: 

— q , ers to leave land fallow. ■ 

AGAA WWW wWP/r \ 1 However, the French and 

08Q0 555555(fiee)_ _ _ j 

by raising the acceptable qi 

ity standards. : _ 

The introduction of dairy 
quotas two years ago has been 
more successful than most 
people had hoped; but milk 
and dairy supplies stiR exceed 
demand. In Britain, the main 
bone of contention is whether 
the quota belongs to the 
landlord or to the tenant 
The French claim that Brit- 
ish quotas are too generous, 
despite the .fact that British 
farms are. lugger and that the 
United. Kingdom is a big 
importer of buaer and cheese. 
At certain times of the year, 
creameries are even short of 
supplies. _\ . 

The continued, although di- 
minishing, quota, for New 
Ztolarid butter-Iinparts is also 
a constant grievance. ~ 

The French also object to 
the special subsidies paid to 
. British beef producers, even 
though they .are intended to 
.keep.prices down andencour- 
age deraan& They also claim 
that lamb subsidies, nlthough 
. hot payable oh exports, give 
British fanners an unfair ad- 
vantage in the French market 
. The overriding ^difficulty is 
that for political and social 
. reasons, no EEC government 
out of business and land left 
derelict, Howforecondle tiiat 
understandable attitude with 
the pressing need-Jo nsstrain 

enfly ii 

Jyg J3 


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Crown pr osecution service: 1 


restore faith in 
justice system 

Lon don .on.orro^ 

toSSS'- " ,he " the'sc^TeoL 



A fundamental change in 

the way crimes are prosecuted 

in England and Wales comes 
into force in many parts of the 
country tomorrow with the 
start of the new Crown prose- 
cuuon service. 

/Asm Scotland, responsibU- 
. rty for prosecutions will be 
removed from the police so 
l hat they do not both investi- 
gate offences and prosecute 
offenders. Instead, prosecu- 
tion will be the responsibility 
of a network of public prose- 
cutors, lawyers employed by 
the Government, who will 
have the final say on what 

. cases are brought to court. 

The £88 million service, 
which starts in the six metro- 

- pojitan areas outside London, 

■ is intended to improve stan- 
• dards of prosecution, with the 

prosecutors acting as filters to 
weed out weals cases, as the 
procurators ' fiscal do in Scot- 

„ Recent statistics show there 
is a high rate of acquittals 
(about 47 per cent) in the 
Crown courts and about 40 
per .cent of those are at the 
direction of the judge.. The 
most common reason is insuf- 
ficient evidence. The Crown 
prosecutors will have power in 
such cases to order charges to 
be dropped. 

It is also aimed at restoring 
public confidence in the crimi- 

- nal justice system in the wake 
of the widespread public dis- 
quiet which led to the setting 
up of the Royal Commission 
on Criminal Procedure in 
1979. . 

That commission urged re- 
forms to police powers and 
suspects' -rights, which came 
into force under the Police and 
Criminal Evidence Act, 1984. 
at the beginning pf this year. 
As a balance to .increased 
police powers, it also urged a 
.prosecution service separate 
from the police. 

sometimes went to trial on the 
instructions of the police 
which either were not justified 
on the evidence or could have 
been dealt with outside the 
court system. 

Heading the new service 
will be Sir Thomas 
Heiherington, QC, Director of 
Public Prosecutions, who has 
postponed his retirement to 
see it into.effect. His office of 
about 200 staff wiD be the 
headquarters for the national 
chain of 40 chief Crown 
prosecutors, each heading a 
team of prosecuting lawyers. 

The new departments 
roughly correspond with po- 
lice force areas and draw their 
staff from the old county 
prosecuting solicitors' depart- 
ments. But in several areas, 
such as Bedforshjre and Hert- 
fordshire, where there was no 
department and the police 
used outside lawyers, whole 
new departments are being 

The service gets off the 
ground in Northumbria and 
Durham, the West Midlands, 
Greater Manchester, West 
Yorkshire, South Yorkshire 
and Merseyside. It starts in the 
rest of Britain, including Lon- 
don. which has been divided 
■ into three new prosecuting 
areas, on October 1. 

At full strength the service is 
expected to have about 1,500 
lawyers, compared with a total 
of 1,000 now in prosecuting 
solicitors' departments, the 
DPFs office and the Metro- 
politan Police solicitors’ de- 
partment Its total staff will be 
2 , 000 . 

But despite an improved 
pay package offered by tbe 
Government last November, 
there is still "a shortfall of the 
basic troops", with about fifty 
lawyers needed to reach the 
target of 420 for the first six 

However, the biggest re- 

Druzes await day I Radicals? 
of liberation on 
the Hill of Shouts 

From Ian Murray, Majdel Chains, Golan Heights 

The Pope celebrating Easter Mass in front 
of the Basilica at St Peter's Square, Rome, 
yesterday. In the front row of celebrants 
were, from left, Mr William Wilson, tbe US 
Ambassador to tbe Vatican, his wife, Mr 

In his Easter message the Pope made a 
strong appeal for peace, ending with 
greetings delivered In 49 languages to the 
pilgrims who filled St Peter's Square 
“To choose peace means to choose life," be 

r l.T n i, „ — . JT “ caoose peace means 10 cnoose me, oe 


Pope plot ‘not proven’ 

Mr John Wood, ; Deputy t cruitment problem wiU be in 
Director . of Publkr Prosecu- ‘ London, where the new ser- 
nons, raitt ‘‘Th^^qtial vice will have most impact 
difference is independence About 220 lawyers must be 
'from the police. Tn the vast recruited to add to the present 
majority of prosecutions it is -84 to cope with prosecutions 
the police who investigate the throughout the capital many 

Accusations that a Bulgari- 
an or international plot was 
behind the attempts on the 
Pope's life in May, 1981, were 
not accepted by a Rome court, 
which has acquitted three 
Bulgarian and three Turkish 
defendants in a trial lasting 10 

Tbe verdict, however, was 
conditioned by a “not 
proven" formula under Italian 
law, on the ground that there 
was insufficient evidence to 

From John Earle, Rome 

Sergei Antonov of Bulgari- 
an Airlines, who was arrested 
three and a half years ago and 
was the only Bulgarian defen- 
dant present at the trial is not 
allowed to return to Sofia 
immediately. The I talian au- 
thorities wish first to ensure 
that he will be present if 
appeals go ahead. 

During the trial little con- 
vincing evidence emerged of a 
Bulgarian connection and 
there was little surprise when 

the prosecutor asked for the 
the acquittal of the Bulgari an*; 
More unexpected was the 
court's refusal to accept that 
there had been a conspiracy by 
right-wing Turks associated 
with the Grey Wolves 

The anti-Bulgarian accusa- 
tions were brought by Ali Agca 
— the Turk serving a life 
sentence for shooting the Pope 

Sofia involvement, page 12 

The Hill of Shouts is silent 
now. A coil of barbed wire 
stretches across the lane that 
winds through the terraced 
apple orchard towards the 
white UN positions by the 
ceasefire line at the edge of the 

It was the Israelis who 
named it the Hill of Shouts. 
The local Druze villagers al- 
ways call it tbe HiU of Tears. 
Since this remote area of the 
slopes of snow-capped Mount 
Hermon were captured from 
Syria in 1967, it has been the 
only place where the villagers 
could pass messages back and 
forth to their Druze relatives 
on the other side of the line. 

For nearly 19 years contact 
between the two communities 
was maintained exclusively 
with the help of megaphones. 
Personal family news was 
shouted across the no-man's 
land in tile valley, from one 
hillside to the other. Brothers 
and sisters would go there to 
wave at each other, to pass on 
news of births, deaths and 

High on the hill behind, an 
Israeli watchtower monitored 
the shouts. Sometimes the 
messages would be censored 
by a wailing siren in the lower. 

But at the end of last month 
Mr Shimon Peres, the Israeli 
Prime Minister, paid what 
proved to be a very unwel- 
come visit to the village. His 
popularity may be exception- 
ally high among Israelis, but it 
does not extend to the three 
Druze villages on the Golan 

A spontaneous and violent 
demonstration followed, and 
Mr Peres beat a hasty and 
undignified retreat- Since then 
more than 60 arrests have 
been made, U of them last 

The villagers say they are 
used to Israeli prisons, and 
many of tbe men boast of the 
years spent inside for their 
protests about the occupation. 

But the closure ofthe Hill of 
Tears which followed the 
demonstration has been a 
hard blow. “Now we have no 
way at all of keeping in touch 
with our families." Mr Abdul 
Walid Assad complained. 

With his large house and 
ample figure, Mr Assad does 
not look as though he has 
physically suffered much from 
Israeli rule. But he is deeply 
angry at being cut off from his 
family, and furious at what he 
sees as Israeli efforts to brain- 
wash children into forgetting 
their Syrian nationality by 
introducing Hebrew into 
the schools. 

The youngsters who should 
be going to university suffer 
most, he said. They arc not 
allowed to make the 30-mile 
journey over the ceasefire line 
to Damascus; they cannot 
afford the fees to go to 
universities abroad: and they 
would have to become Israeli’s 
to qualify’ for identity papers 
that would let them leave the 
country. ^ 

Mr Assad insisted that this 
was something the children, 
who have ail bt^n born since 
Israel took over the area, 
would never do. He said they 
would remain Syrian and 
would be ready to cheer the 
Syrian tanks he feels sure will 
come one day to liberate the 

ETA free industrialist 

crime, prosecute and instruct 
solicitors. Under the new ser- 
vice, it will be up to the 
prosecutor to review the case 
and deride if -it should 

In the past, he said, cases 

of which have been handled 
by the police. Police overtime 
pay in London for court 
attendance amounts to about 
£5 million a year, compared 
with less than £1 million for 
the rest of Britain. 

Bombings mark end of 
Corsican rebel truce 

Madrid — On the eve of the 
Basque national day. ETA's 
military wing freed Sehor Jose 
Egana, a San Sebastian indus- 
trialist. aged 61. after 19 days 
in captivity and payment of a 
big ransom (Richard Wigg 
writes). * 

According to local newspa- 
pers, the family arranged for 
payment of about £1.5 million 

to the armed separatist 

Senor Egan a was dumped 
on Saturday night near a 
restaurant a few miles outside 
San Sebastian and left with his 
hands lied round a tree trunk. 
He managed to free himself. 

The industrialist was said 
yesterday by doctors to be in 
good condition 


Tokyo — The Chukaku-I 
or Middle Core, faction of le 
wing radicals has daim 
responsibility for last wed 
rocket attacks on imports 
targets in Tokyo and Osa 
(David Watts writes). 

The Middle Core is t 
most effective of the left wi- 
Japanese factions and par 
Ivzed commuter railway tin 
in Tokyo last year in spectac 
far synchonized attacks whif 
pul out of action most 
Tokyo's commuter lines. 

Poison found 
in chocolate 

Tokyo (AFP) — Police bai 
found a chocolate bar lacc 
with toxic agricultural diem 
cals on the shelves of a Toky 
supermarket while searchir 
for tempered sweets after 
group calling itself Show 
Gizoku threatened to poise 
products of a leading Japanes 

Berlin blast 

Berlin (AFP) — Seven Arat 
of different nationalities wer 
injured when a bomb rippe 
through the first floor office 
of a German -Arab friendshi 
sociciy in a West Beriii 
residential building overnighi 

Snow deaths 

Valemount, British Colum 
bia (AP) — An avalanchi 
dumped up to 30ft of snow oi 
a snowmobile party in tin 
Canadian Rockies, killinj 
two. Two more are missinj 
and two others were due ou 

Fatal flight 

Wiesbaden (AP) - A Wes* 
German medical transport he 
Jicopter taking a critically i! 
patient to hospital crashed ir 
woods and exploded, killing 
all four people on board. 

Disco brawl 

Bonn - A gang of German 
skinheads attacked more than 
1.000 revellers at an all-ni gh t 
disco party in the village oi 
Kaunitz, firing tear gas and 
injuring four people. 

Caine escape 

Rouen (AFP) — The British 
actor, Michael Caine, escaped 
unhurt when his car was in 
collision with another here, 
but bis sister Mary was slightly 


From Susan McDonald, Pam 
Thirteen bombs exploded in arrested M Andrt? 
the South of France between 

‘threat to 
Bremen 9 

Vandals who lore fire crews 
to blazing buildings winch 
have first been booby-trapped 
risk causing death or serious 
injury, a firemen's leader said 

"Sooner or later a fireman is 
going to be killed by these 
lunatics", Mr Bernard Good- 
win, Midlands executive 
member of the Fire Brigades 
Union, said. 

He said the fire raisers 
tactics included removing 
pieces of timber from the 
stairs of a derelict property, 
then covering the missing 
steps with linoleum so that 
unsuspecting firemen r ~" 

Another was to fill contra- 
. ceptives with petrol, or paraf- 
fin, which exploded like 
incendiary devices when the 
fire in' the. building had built 
up sufficient heat On one 
occasion a fire crew was 
confronted by a sheet of plate 
glass which had been rigged to 
swing down when the front 
door was opened. 

Mr Goodwin said firemen 
were now extremely cautious 
when called to fires in derelict 
buildings. But they still had to 
search the property’ in case 
children or squatters were 
trapped inside. 

The growing problem is to 
be discussed at a seminar to be 
held at Warwick University, 
Coventry. West Midlands, lat- 
er ihis year. 

Bids in for 
naval base 

By Michael Bafly 
Transport Editor 

Nelson's Victory and Henry 
VIirs Mary Rose could be- 
come two of Britain's biggest 
tourist attractions in tbe 1990s 
under new plans for a private 
takeover of Portsmouth Naval 

Four developers, including 
Allied Lyons and Sealink Brit- 
ish Femes, are competing to 
take over 50 acres of 
Portsmouth’s naval base for a 
tourist centre with old ships 
and naval b uilding s as tbe 
prime attraction. 

Their bids will be opened 
today by the Portsmouth Na- 
val Heritage Project made up 
of the Royal Navy. Ports- 
mouth City . Council The 
Mary Rose Trust, and tbe 
Warrior Trust, whose iron 
hulled warship would be an- 
other attraction. 

Marseilles and Nice over the 
weekend. No one was injured. 

The bombings are consid- 
1 ered the work of professionals, 
thought to belong to tbe 
I outlawed Corsican National 
Liberation Front (FLNC). 

The FLNC observed a truce 
during the recent election 
campaign but appear to have 
taken to terrorism again in 
earnest since the return to 
power of a right-wing Govern- 
ment in France. Bombs had 
exploded the previous week in 
Corsican holiday resents. 

In Lyons on Friday, police 


alleged to be a founder of the 
extreme left terrorist organiza- 
tion Action Directe, which has 
been responsible fora prolifer- 
ation of bombings and assassi- 
nations in France over the 
past few years, mainly direct- 
ed against specific oigan- 

He was arrested with M 
Bernard Blanc, who is known 
to police. According to Le 
Monde ; the two men were 
wearing buflet-proof vests, 
and guns were found in tbe car 
in which they had been 

Under present management 
only about a million visitors a 
year come to tbe area, but 
developers believe that with 
skilled marketing and ‘man- 
agement this could rise to 5 
million. The project could 
provide a rich market for tram 
and coach services from Lon- 
don, and massive car parking 
is also planned together with 
shops, restaurants, and land- 
scaped leisure areas. 

Steam engine scheme 
for rail repair yard 

The consortium wanted .to 
use tbe 30-acre core ofthe site 
for heavy engineering, initially 
employing 369 workers, but 
rising to over a thousand in 
four years. 

The main challenge to the 
scheme is led by Mr Simon 
Coombs, Tory MP for Swin- 
don, who was linked with the 
consortium bat now doubts 
whether it would be possible 
to turn a repair works into a 
full-scale manufacturing 

Last Wednesday, flags flew 
at'haif-mast at the site as 1 , 100 
workers; many in tears, col- 
lected their last pay packet, 
leaving a skeleton staff of 450. 

Every rail buff's dream - the 
production of steam engines - 
is at the heart of a multi- 
million pound bid for tiie 
Swindon railway engineering 

British Rail Engineering 
Limited is considering half a 
dozen bids, but the most 
romantic comes from a local 
consortium. Great Western 
Works Limited, which plans 
to use the heav)j enginrisrirtg 
plant lo roanufecture high- 
tedftnology steam trains. 

Mr David Jeacodc, a solici- 
tor and spokesman for the 
group, sa id he was . confident 
that the plan, hacked by an 
American bank, was ' viable. ' 

193 held 
in nuclear 

Wackersdorf (AP) - West 
German police are attempting 
to hold on to 193 anti-nuclear 
militants arrested at the week- 
end until after the huge dem- 
onstration planned here for 
today against a nuclear plant 
construction site. 

The 193 were among 280 
activists arrested at a 
protesters' tent camp outside 
Wackersdorf whichpolice said 
harboured a cache of weapons, 
including petrol bombs. 

The arrests came as Easter 
weekend demonstrations 
against nuclear power and 
nuclear arms started all over 
West Germany. 

The arrested activists were 
planning to storm the con- 
struction site of the 
Wackersdorf nuclear waste- 
recycling plant today and tear 
down the perimeter fence, said 
Herr Dieter Stelzer, police 
spokesman in this Bavarian 

_ Weapons seized at the tent 
! included axes, hammers, 

^ knives, metal slingshot projec- 
tiles, masks and chemicals 
that could be used in making 
explosives, Herr Stelzer said. 

A spokesman for the Bavar- 
ian Greens party, Herr Hans- 
Dieter Reiche, yesterday 
called the tent raid an “arbi- 
trary act of the police". He 
said the protesters' tent camp 
bad been registered with local 

Thousands of people are 
expected to converge on 
Wackersdorf for the demon- 
stration today. 

In Frankfurt, the West Ger- 
man anti-nuclear movement's 
Easter March central office 
said peaceful rallies against 
nuclear war and power were 
being conducted yesterday in 
more than 70 cities and towns. 
Between 30,000 and 50,000 
people were taking part 

ends its 
paper fast 

From Tony Samstas 

Norway wflj begin to surface 
tomorrow from its Easter 
break, probably the world's 
longest, and almost certainly 
the lengthiest period that any 
popf -'athm has to do without 
daily newspapers. 

Although a few papers dis- 
tributed Easter editions on 
Holy Saturday, they were 
printed before Wednesday af- 
ternoon, when the entire in- 
dustry shot down. It reopens 
tomorrow morning. 

Disgrondement at the en- 
forced abstinence is almost as 
traditional at this time of year 
as the Easter eggs or the first 
daffodils of the season. 

However, this particular 
Easter custom may be on its 
way ont, with an equally 
unpopular ban ou Sunday j 
newspapers which has persist- 
ed since 1919. 

That was tbe year when (in 
the words of Dagbladet, in its 
Easter edition) a “sanctimo- 
nious alliance" of derics and 
newsagents promulgated what | 
was. for its day, an enlightened 
piece of labour legislation 
guaranteeing print workers at 
least one day off each week. 

The law has since been 
changed, but prist workers 
ding to the tradition. The 
parallels with Britain are 
clear,' and the newspaper in- 
dustry does not hesitate to 
draw tireei, pointing to the 
achievements of Mr Eddie 
Shah and Mr Rupert Mur- 
doch at tire expense of the 
print muons. 

Nonray. too, has its would- 
be press baron who is trying to 
force a breakthrough. Mr 
Hroar Hansen, a right- 1 
electronics tycoon, has at- 
tempted to branch a Sunday 
newspaper with non-union 

Scania have never been lempied io compeie on 

cost alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean sacrificing loo many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-elficiency 
Instead of investing over 7°i of sales turnover in 
research and development, we might have to cut 
a few corners. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we'd be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary level s. 

True, wed be able to offer you a cheaper truck But 
it would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn t last as long And when the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn't 
be so healthy 

Scania promise you years of tow-cost operation. 
And that more than equals a shorl-term saving in 
the bargain basement. 


Scania (Great Britain) Limited, TongwetL 
Milton Keynes MK158HB. Buckinghamshire. 

Tel; 0908614040. Telex: 825376 ^ __ ML T _ •- T tf T - f 

Scania. Building trucks, building reputations. 



Shultz fails to 
bridge gap 
with Italy on 
Libya policy 

. J v . 4 

ft- •- 

... •• ■ . -r~- • - ' 

From John Earle, Rome 

Mr Game Shultz, the US 
Secretary of State, flew home 
yesterday after a three-day 
visit to Rome daring which be 
failed to bridge differences 
with die Italian Government 
over policy towards Libya. 

Opinions varied on the right 
tactics for dealing with the 
Libyan leader. Colonel 
Gadaffi. he told a press 

“What’s wrong with 
Gadaffi?” he asked rhetorical- 
ly. “You don’t need to be 
Sherlock Holmes” to see that 
Gadaffi mined the Red Sea. 
harboured and trained terror- 
ists, claimed international wa- 
ters and air space and opened 
fire on others in them, op- 
posed the peace process in the 
Middle East, and supported 
aggression in Africa. 

“He is his own smoking 
gun,” Mr Shultz said. But be 
stressed that there was com- 
plete Italian agreement on 
other aspects of the recent 
Gulf of Sirte dash, notably on 
recognition of the 12-mile 
limit for international waters, 
on the inadmissability of fir- 
ing on ships in international 
waters, and on the right of self- 

The Italian view was reiter- 
ated to Mr Shultz successively 
by President Cossiga, Signor 
Bettino Craxi, the Prime Min- 
ister, and Signor Giulio 
Andreolti, the Foreign 

Italy feels that the assertion 
of the right of navigation in 
international waters near an- 
other country by repeated 
naval exercises is highly risky, 
and that disputes over inter- 
national waters should be 
settled by arbitration. 

While in Rome Mr Shultz 
met the Egyptian Foreign 
Minister. Mr Ahmed Meguid, 
and had a private audience 
with the Pope. 

• MADRID: Spain has 
“reminded” Colonel Gadaffi 
that no American bases here 
were used by US naval forces 
during last week’s clash in the 
Gulf of Sirte area (Richard 
Wigg writes). 

Senor Francisco Fernandez 
Ordofiez, the Foreign Minis- 
ter, emphasized this point 
when rejecting the Libyan 
leader's threat to Spain that 
the bases on its territory could 
become the next target if such 
dashes resume. 

Masai tribesmen watch Bjorn Wakfegaard winning yesterday’s first stage of the Safari Rally near Nairobi. Result, page 32 

Third tanker hit 

Bahrain (Renter) — A Pana- 
manian-registered tanker was 
set ablaze in an Iranian air 
strike in the Golf yesterday, 
the third victim of the war 
between Iran and Iraq within 
two days, shipping sources 

The sources said a missile 
launched from an Iranian 
helicopter smashed into the 
engine room of the 103,17ft- 
ton Stelios about 70 miles east 
of Qatar, near an area where 
the Norwegian tanker Berge 
King was hit on Saturday. 

A Liberian supertanker, the 
176453-ton Hawaii, was hit in 
an Iraqi attack about 60 miles 
south of Iran’s Kharg Island, 
also on Saturday. A total of 28 
large vessels have been con- 
firmed hit in the Gulf so far 
this year, compared with just 
over 40 for all of 1985. 

The sources said the Stelios 
sent out a distress call and 
salvage tugs were on their way. 
They said there were no 
casualties on board the ship, 
which was later reported pro- 
ceeding under its own power. 

Jewish critics accused 
by Waldheim’s wife 

Vienna (AP) - Dr Kurt 
Waldheim's wife accused 
some leaden of dm World 
Jewish Congress of seeking 
revenge on her husband be- 
cause of his support for an 
independent Palestine while 
UN Secretary-General. 

“The World Jewish 
Congress ... is not what it 
appears to be at the moment: 
Waldheim’s deadly enemy,” 
Frau Elisabeth Waldheim » 

^ * * 

For the latest i 

space technology 
you’d better look 
down below. 

Below ground level there are 
thousands of miles of arterial 
gas pipelin&How to check them 
for safety and efficiency stretched some of the brightest 
minds we employ at British Gas.| 

Our scientists spent three years and millions of pounds 
solving the problem. Space was a major constraint. | 

Some of the pipelines that need regular inspection are just 
300mm in diameter! 

L i 

But when you think big you can achieve small miracles.The 
‘intelligent pig' they bar- 

designed is a marvel 

Of miCTOCirCUitry.! “***jhg jiMigegl to tmgl *itliltiBHgiiallliagi3 laaldns 1 st pipelm 

As it ‘feels’ its way down the pipes, the pig^s computers will 
detect trouble before it can become a problem. When you 
consider their inventiveness beneath your feet, we hope^ 
you’ll look up to the boffins at British Gas. British Gay 

to break 
test ban 

Nicholas Ashford 

said. “But within this organi- 
zation there are people who 
have not forgotten my 
husband's view of the Pales- 
tinian question.” 

- The Kranenzeinmg newspa- 
per, which carried the inter- 
view with Frau Waldheim, 
criticized the WJC secretary- 
general, Mr Israel Singer, in a 
leading article 

Hunt for witnesses, page 12 

In spite of the offer by the 
Soviet leader, Mr Gorbachov, 
to exlead his country’s eight- 
south unilateral unclear test 
ban, Weston analysts said 
yesterday that Moscow wiB 
have to resum e testing soon if 
it is not to fall behind in the 
arms race with die United 

S jatju. 

They said that Mr 
Gorbachov’s latest offer 
should be seen mainly as a 

propaganda gesture intended 

to exploit the fact that the US 
has continued undear tests as 
part of President Reagan’s 
defence modernization pro- 
gramme doing the Soviet 
Union’s • self-imposed 

mn ralwiiim. 

Moscow wiB bow be able to 
place the blame femly on the 
US when it starts testing 

There are a number of new 
nuclear weapons being devel- 
oped by the Soviet Union 
which win have to be tested 
before they can be deployed. 

One of the main additions to 
the Soviet unclear arsenal sfUl 
doe for testing is the SSNX23 
submarine-branched missile, 
which will be carried on Delta 
111 submarines. They will be 
larger and carry more war- 
heads — probably between 
seven and 10 per missile — 
than their predecessors. 

The Soviet Union’s modern- 
ization programme for its 
short-range SS21 and SS23 
missiles will also need testing, 
as will its plan to develop a 
follow-on missile to the triple- 
warheaded SS20s, now almost 
10 yean old. 

Moscow is believed to have 
carried oat must of the tests 
needed for the development of 
, its two big land-based inter- 
i continental ballistic missiles — 
the SSX24 and the SSX25 - 
i before Mr Gorbachov an- 
nounced bis unilateral freeze 
on nuclear testing in August. 
There was a busy test schedule 
before Mr Gorbachov's 

Western analysts have be- 
lieved all along that Mr 
Gorbachov HwiiM to intro- 
duce a unclear freeze last year 
mamly for propaganda pur- 
poses and never really expect- 
ed it to be taken up fay the US, 
particularly as Moscow was 
well aware that the US still 
seeded tests in connection 
with its MX and Midgetman 
missile programmes and X-ray 
laser weapons to be used in 
President Reagan’s Strategic 
Defence Initiative. 

“They have been deter- 
mined to squeeze the maxi- 
mam propaganda mileage out 
of their frepe,” said one 
Western offiriaL 

According to American 
sources, the Soviet Union 
traditionally avoids nndear 
teste during the winter. “They 
almost certainly would not 
have been testing during the 
period of their much-pro- 
claimed moratorium,** the 
same Western official added. 

trying to 

From Christopher Walker 

After talks here between 
Svetlana Alliluyeva, Stalm s 
daughter, and officials at 
US Embassy, there is specula- 
tion that she and her 14-year- 
old daughter Olga may 

seeking to go back to the West. 

A senior US Embassy offi- 
cial confirmed to The Times 
yesterday that the discussions 
with the mother and daughter 
had vniwn place but refused to 

be drawn on the subject 
The disclosure followed a 
nu m ber of private reports that 
both Stalin’s daughter and 
granddaughter, who was bom 
m the US, had been growing 
increasingly dissatisfied with 
their life in the USSR. 

Both have been living in 
Georgia, the southern state 
where Stalin himself was bom 
and where bis name is still 
revered. . , . , 

Although no official infor- 
mation is available the friends 
have spoken about depression 
and discontent about the 
treatment given by the Soviet 
authorities in the Georgian 
town of Tbilisi. 

The US Embassy official 
said that Olga, the daughter of 
Svetlana’s unsuccessful third 
marriage to an American ar- 
chitect, Mr William Peters, 
and Svetlana herself were still 
regarded by the US authorities 
as American citizens. 

This was despite Svetlana’s 
spectacular retu rn here in 
November 1984 when she told 
a news conference for careful- 
ly-selected Western reporters 
that riie had not known “a 
single day of freedom in the 

sister goes 
into hiding 

From Our Correspondent 

Miss Jana Navratilova, the 
23-year-old younger sister of 
tennis champion Martina 
Navratilova, was believed to 
be in hiding in Bonn yesterday 
after defecting from Czecho- 
slovakia with her fiance. 

She is reported to have 
asked for political asylum in 
West Germany, but also to 
haveopplied to the .US Em- 
bassy’Tor a visa to join -'her 
sister in America as soon as 

Miss Navratilova, . who 
bears a striking resemblance 
to 29-year-old Martina and 
also plays tennis, is said to 
have been training secretly at a 
Bonn tennis dub. 

Czech friends in Bonn are 
reported to have provided her 
and her fianefi wiih a flat in the 
city centre, blit attempts to 
find her yesterday were 

It is reported that Martina 
Navratilova had sent her sis- 
ter a large amount of money. 

Japanese experts tour 
secret US laboratories 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

jUS government laboratories and the Ministry 
(today as their country decides Affairs. 

46 from 21 

Strafe Defe^Ini^ut firms in the Japanese mission 

£rSrs.B ffiiKSS 

firms, m spite of profound ^ ^ 
misgivings among ordinary %B±aaaBm 
Japanese about a possible role ^ 

the Sd- 
' Agency, 

I! in the Star Wars missile The number of Japanese 
L umbrella. firms showing enthusiasm for 

. SDI has surprised some Japa- 
Titf EWSFSTW nese government officials, ui 
look mound in the US. view of the programme’s nega- 
pecuffly to visit the national ^ve image, and the main 

to look around in the US, 
especially to visit the national 

i u . * ■ tC- tive image, and the main 

laboratories. That s something to vingforce appears to be 
they couWn t doth fromlngineeis whcT believe 

that to Japanese firm can 
of International Tra de and aff on j not to look into the 

owortunities SDI might give. 

[on t be mission, together with 

£ * 

Mr Yasuhiro Nakasone: 
awaiting SDI report 

The Japanese Government 
has stressed to interested films 
that there are no guarantees of 
contracts or profits in the long 

- There is not even a guaran- 
tee that the Japanese Govern- 
ment will agree to join, flat 
depends on a report from the 
mission to Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone, the Prime Minis- 
ter. After receiving the report. 
Mr Nakasone is to visit the 
US, but there is ho indication 
of when he will announce 
what is increasingly seen as a 
decision in favour of 

Russians cancel top 
chess match in US 

New York (AP) - A chess 
match featuring leadmg play- 
ers from the Soviet Unrea and 
the United States has hero 
abruptly cancelled by the Rus- 
sians, the US Chess Federa- 
tion announced. 

World champion ’ Gary 
Kasparov and former champi- 
on Anatoly Karpov were on the 
Soviet side due to play at 
Atlantic City in Jme. The 
Soviet Union last seat a 
delegation of hs leading play- 
ers to the US more than -30 
years ago. 

Mr Gerard Dullea, exec 
trie director of the US Che 
Federation, said he had i 
ceried a telex do Thnrsd 
from die Soviet Chess Fedei 
tion saying they would not 
aMe to take part because 
“radical changes” in the 191 
calendar of FIDE, the wm 
chess federation. 

The Russians had «a t 
rematch between Caspar 
and Karpov, to start in Londi 
on Joly.28, and other match 
before die world dnunpio 
ship were too dose 

takeover in place 
of boycott strategy 

la an gn p or am switch at 
tacnc a . a cru cial conference of 
blacx parents, gprinm and 
fcadm derided here at the 
weekend agitiuit resuming a 
boycott of black achoob as a 
»Artni of. protesting ^ b? wwi 
apartheid when the m tom 
begins on Wednesday. 

die conference re- 
solved to develop “new and 
creative" techniques of oppo- 
sttKm, involving taking con* 
troi of sc hools. using them as a 
base for political organization, 
and introducing a liberation- 
oriented "people's educa- 

“We. are going to ran fte 
schools, we are gnus to 
oiganize the syfiatwsesr Mr 
Lcc hesa TsenoB. one of the 
conference organizers, said. 
"It hi no longer a question of 
petitioning the Government. 
We are going to become 
actively involved in formulat- 
ing an alternative education-” 

Tire conference, attended 

1,500 delegates, called on 
blacks to observe a "national 
stayaway from work” on June 
16, 17 and 18 to commemo- 
rate the 10th anniversary of 
the 1976 uprising of Soweto 
schoolchildren. In addition, it 
urged rent, consumer, and 
other boycotts. 

Aon Michael Hornsby, Durban 

Th e ven u e of the co n ference 
had to be changed at short 
notice from a ball near the 
centre of Dur ham to an outly- 
ing Indian suburb after Zulus 
armed with guns, spears, pet- 
rol bombs and stones attacked 

organizers as they registered 
delegates on Saturday. 

The attackers, believed to 
be members of the conserva- 
tive Inlcatha organization of 
Chief Gatsha Butheiezi, the 
Chief Minister of the 
KwaZulu tribal “homeland”, 
came off worst, however. One 
was shot and an o t her set 

The main force behind the 
committee which . organized 
the conference is the United 
Democratic Front, which 
shares the vaguely socialist 
political aims of the outlawed 
African National Congress, 
The UDF and in hatha, which 
was denounced in a resolution 
passed al the conference, have 
moved increasingly into a 
state of open war. 

Before the opening of the 
conference, delegates stood 
with raised fists and observed 
a minute of silence in memory 
of Mr Moses Mabhida, the 
leader of the banned South 
African Communist Party, 
who died recently in Mozam- 

bique. The ANC operates in 
alliance with the party* 

The Durban conference was 
a follow-up to one at Witwa- 
tersrand University in Johan- 
nesburg at the end of 
December, which recom- 
mended that students go back 
to school for the first term of 
the new year, but gave the 
Government until the end of 
this month to meet certain 


Some, such as the lifting of 
the state of emergency, have 
been met, and other strictly 
educational demands, such as 
the provision of free station- 
ery and textbooks, have been 
partially satisfied. But many 
others have not. 

They indude withdrawal of 
troops and police from town- 
ships, release of detained stu- 
dents and teachers, and 
removal of the ban on the 
main black student organiza- 
tion, the Congress of South 
African Students. 

• Police death: A black detec- 
tive was found backed to 
death yesterday at a holiday 
resort near Durban, but police 
believe the death is uncon- 
nected with political violence 
(Renter reports). 

Lip of a volcano, page 17 

Black and white students singing freedom songs before starting the Durban conference on the future of black education. 

Machel gives three aides wide powers 

Maputo (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Samora Machel of Mo- 
zambique has given sweeping 
powers to three of his closest 
advisers in an attempt to run 
bis battered country and its 
anti-rebel war effort more 

A top-level government 
shake-up, announced little 
more than 24 hours before 
President Machel set off for 
Moscow on a surprise visit, 
may be only the start of a series 
of leadership changes, ruling 
FreUmo Party sources said. 

A communique issued late 
on Friday divided -government 
ministries into three sections 
under the supreme authority of 
three members of the Freluno 

The most significant change 
was the recall of array General 
Alberto Giipande. a folk hero, 
to the capital to take charge of 
the war against rebels which 
Mozambique says are backed 
by South Africa. 

The reshuffle also dearly 
sought to tackle Mozambique's 

worsening economic situation, 
the sources said. 

Mr Marcelino dos Santos, 
once Vice-President of 
Frelimo and a prominent 
Marxist theoretician, has been 
moved to the sidelines and his 
job as party secretary for 
economic policy effectively 
split in two.He becomes secre- 
tary of the permanent commis- 
sion of the People's Assembly, 
an administrative position 
with little power. 

The new party economic 

supremos are Mr Mario 
Machungo, nominally Plan- 
ning Minister but assigned to 
govern Zambezia province in 
1983. and Mr Armando 
Guebuza, who had been lan- 
guishing as minister without 
portfolio in the President's 

Z The soda! welfare Minis- 
tries of Education, Health. 
Justice, Information, Culture 
and Sport come under the 
supervision of Mr Jorge 
Rebelo. the party chief in 

Museveni , 
wind up 

From Charles Harrison 

The National Resistance 
Army of President Museveni 
has taken the towns of Arua 
and Moyo in north-west 
Uganda, virtually ending the 
campaign which began when 
it captured Kampala at the 
end of January. 

The West Nile district, sepa- 
rated from the rest of Uganda 
by the Albert Nile, was liberat- 
ed at the weekend in a two- 
pronged advance, with one 
NRA group moving north to 
Arua from the road-rail bridge 
at Pakwach. north of Lake 
Albert, and the other crossing 
by ferry at Laropi. dose to the 
Sudan border, and advandng 
on Moyo. 

Despite its cautious ad- 
vance. the NRA met no 
significant resistance. Both 
towns were deserted and had 
been thoroughly looted. 

Troops of the former ruling 
Military Council, who bad 
been massed in the West Nile 
area, appear to have fled to 
Zaire or Sudan or to have gone 
to ground in their home 
villages, often abandoning 
their weapons as they fled. 

The former head of state, 
General Tito Okello, the for- 
mer army commander. Gen- 
eral Basilio Okello, and other 
leaders of the ousted regime, 
are in Sudan. 

Lesotho’s rocky path 

Scholar king finds 
politics a problem 

On January 20. Chief f-enb ua 
Jonathan, who had ruled Leso- 
tho since independence from 
Britain in 1966. was peacefully 
removed from power. Michael 
Hornsby, in the first of two 
articles, reports from Maseru 
on the new coalition of milita- 
rists and loyalists running the 
small kingdom. 

There was dancing in the 
streets of Maseru, Lesotho's 
tray capital, at the news of 
Chief Jonathan's fall. After 
two decades of increasingly 
autocratic rule, he was deeply 

Major-General Lekhanya: 
Authority unclear, 
unpopular, despite attempts 
(more successful abroad than 
at home) to boost his stature 
by codring a snook at bis grant 
neighbour. South Africa. 

There had been no elections 
since 1970, which Chief Jona- 
than cancelled when the vote 
count showed he was losing, 
and the armed Youth League 
of Jus Basotho National Party 
was oot of controL A mutiny by 
a small faction within the 
Army sympathetic to the 
League precipitated the coop. 

The new rulers have certain- 
ly restored a measure of calm. 
"It was common to hear 
g unfir e at night in Maseru,” 
said one Western diplomat. 
"Now yon don't. Generally 
people are much more relaxed 
and spend less time looking 
over their shoulders." 

There is little sign, however, 
of an early return to civilian 
rule. An announcement last 
Thursday by King 
Moshoeshoe bans all political 
activity and provides for a jail 
sentence iff op to two years for 
anyone violating the order. ^ 

After the coup, executive 
ami legislative authority was 
vested in the 47 -year-old King, 
a scholarly man educated at 
Ampleforth College (like 
many of his subjects, he is a 
Roman Catholic) and Oxford, 
who played no political role 
under the previous 

The exact relationship be- 
tween the King and Major- 
General Justin Lekhanya, 
also aged 47, the Army com- 
mander who led the coup, is 
not entirely dear. The Army 
chief' drafts both a six-man 
. Military Council and a subor- 
dinate Council of Ministers 

appointed by the King. The 
King, however, presides each 
week over an informal joint 
session of the two councils, 
and his assent to decisions 
seems to be more than 
formality. . 

King Moshoeshoe has spo- 
ken pnblidy since the coup of 
a "new Lesotho” which as- 
pires to make a complete 
break with the previous soci- 
ety in which, in his words, "a 
person's fife was do longer 
considered to be different from 
that of a house fly". 

Under a general amnesty 
proclaimed on January 31, an 
undisclosed cumber of mem- 
bos of the Lesotho liberation 
Army (LLA\ the shadowy 
anti-Jonathan guerrilla move- 
ment that .operated mainly 
from South African soil, are 
said to have retimed to Leso- 
tho and surrendered then- 

The leader of thellA, the 
67-year-old Mr Ntsu Mok- 
heMe, who went into exile (and 
now lives in South Africa) 
after being cheated of power 
by Chief Jonathan in 1970, 
has yd to be lured back. 

Despite the ban on political 
utility, representatives of 
four small political parties, 
including the Gog's awn 
Marrmafton Freedom Party, 
were allowed to bold talks with 
Mr MokheUe in a Johannes- 
burg hotel last week. On their 
return to Lesotho, they called 
on the Gover nme nt to negoti- 
ate with him; 

Among hlS riwnanriK are 

said to be the restoration of the 
1966 independence constitu- 
tion (suspended by Chief Jon- 
athan in 1970), the integration 
of tbeLLA Into the 1,500-nran 




Anny (formerly the Lesotho 
Para- military Force but now 
renamed the Royal Lesotho 
Defence Force) and elections 
within six months. 

These demands seem un- 
likely to be met In the 
meantime, Chief J onatha n, 
aged 72, is enjoying a mure or 
less unmolested retirement at 
his country seat at Leri be, in 
the north of the country, a 
kinder fate than is usually 
reserved for fallen African 
leaders. Tomorrow: Working 
with Pretoria 

Row in Pretoria over 
ministers 9 shares 

From Oar Correspondent, Johannesburg 

A storm has blown up over 
a special -allocation of shares 
for South African Cabinet 
ministers in a huge public 
issue by an insurance compa- 
ny, winch was 30 per cent 

Seven Cabinet ministers 
and two deputy ministers paid 
102,050 rand' (£33,250) for 
preferential allocation _ of 
32,700 shares in Metropolitan 
Life, which is controlled by 
the Afrikaans insurance giant 

The shares, allocated to 
them at 3.15 rand, opened on 
the Johannesburg Stock Ex- 
change at 4 rand. Mf Chris 

Hennis. Minister of Constitu- 
tional Development and Plan- 
ning, -sold his 5,000 shares 
nine days after they were 
listed, for a profit of 2,750 
rand Mr Kent Durr. Deputy 
Minister of Trade and Indus- 
tries, made a 550 rand profit 
on 2,700 of his 3.000 shares. 

President Botha said the 
private financial dealings of 
Cabinet ministers was of no 
concern to him, provided they 
did not entail a conflict of 
interest . . 

-If such a conflict arises it is 
the duty of the' individual 
ministers to bring this to the 
State President’s attention," 
he said 

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OV£iVj£A^ 1N£, TV £> 


Punjab police track down Sikh 
suspects after random killings 












4 « 
























From Michael Hamlyn 

A much-needed success 
came yesterday for the securi- 
ty forces in Punjab, who 
announced that they had cap- 
tured three out of four Sikh 
terrorists responsible for eight 
random killings on Saturday. 

They were taken by police 
and paramilitary forces at a 
farm house not far from where 
the killings took place, around 
the curfew-bound town of 
Nakodar in Juflunder district 

An official report from 
Jull under said the killers had 
struck from a Jeep, which zig- 
zagged through villages, firing 
indiscriminately. They first 
hit a barber's shop, virtually 

certain to be occupied by 
Hindus since religious Sikhs 
do not trim their hair or 
beards, killing three people 
including the barber. 

In another village they 
killed a grocer and a cycle 
repair man. In the next place 
they fired at three people 
sitting by a brick kiln, killing 
two and fatally injuring a 

A telephone caller claimed 
responsibility for the killings 
for tbe “Dashmesh 
Regiment” The name means 
“tenth" and refers to the tenth ‘ 
guru of the Sikh religion. Guru 
Gobind Singh, who gave tbe 
Sikhs their soldier/sami rules 
of dress and behaviour. 

The Dashmesh Regiment 
used to be known as the 
mili tary arm of the militant 
All-India * Sikh Students’ 

A si milar caller claimed 
responsibility for tbe massacre 
the day before in Ludhiana, 
where seven people, mostly 
from a right-wing Hindu orga- 
nization, were killed while 
exercising in a park. 

The operation against the 
killers involves a big search 
along the banks of the River 
Bess, long thought to be a 
hide-out for the rebels, who 
are fighting for a Sikh-domi- 
nated independent country. 

It is led by Mr J.F. Rebeiro, 
appointed director-general of 

Punjab police at the weekend, 
whose aim is to lift the morale 
and the abilities of the force, 
which is thought to have been 
widely penetrated by 

Mr R^jiv Gandhi, the Indi- 
an Prime Minister, has re- 
ceived reports of the Punjab 
situation from two close col- 
leagues, Mr Arun Nehru, a 
cousin, who is minister in 
charge of police and internal 
security, and Mr Aijun Singh, 

(I) party and architect of last 
yeart Punjab accord. 

The stale’s Chief Minister, 
Mr Surjil Singh Barnala, also 
came to Delhi on a surprise 

Howe faces Indian concern on Sikhs 

From Our Own Correspondent, Delhi 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, arrived 
here late last night at tbe start 
of a visit in which be wffl hear 
a great deal about Indian 
concern over lenient treatment 
of Sikh extremism in Britain. 

Aj Punjab again explodes 
into flam**, the inHhn Gov- 
ernment needs all the help it 
can get in controlling Sikh 
extremism, which it sees as 
faded and encouraged from 

The Indians are, of coarse, 
particularly angry at what 
they see as Pakistan’s role in 
encouraging, training and 
equipping the terrorists, but 
Britain is also widely blamed 
for not stamping more vehe- 
mently on the exiles. 

“American Sikhs raise tbe 
money, r«n«Hmi Sikhs pro- 
vide the muscle, bat British 
Sikhs do the p lanning, ” I was 
told. A senior official added: 
“It is of paramount impor- 

tance (hat Britain be seen as 
doing more to stop it 

Indian officials are not keen 
aga in to hear d» rt British law 
does not allow (he police to act 
against the extremists, who 
have bn3t a “government In 
exile” in Britain, with Presi- 
dent, Prime Minister and min- 
isters. They wooW tike to see a 
change in the law that wiD 
per mit action. 

When Mr Rajiv Gandhi 
visited Britain in October, 
Mrs Thatcher offered to ex- 
tend the “te r rori s m” danse in 
extradition agreements to in- 
clude India. This would have 
the effect of removing the 
political defence against extra- 
dition. But India has said that 
this is not enough. It particu- 
larly wants removed the 
“humanitarian'' safeguard 
which could allow a Sikh to 
argue that be would net receive 
a fair trial in India 

because be is a Sikh. It also 
wants the list of extraditable 
offences extended. 

Britain is considering an 
Indian formolatiou of a pro- 
posed extradition treaty, and a 
reply from British officials is 
awaited here. 

Indian parliamentarians 
and the Indian media do not 
accept the sophisticated expla- 
nations offered by British 
officials on why they cannot 
take action against extremist 
leaders in the UK. Indeed, 
Indian public opinion is often 
inflamed by the freedom and 
patronage that is given to 

There is a common percep- 
tion In India that the United 
Steles is working towards tbe 
“Balkanization” of the coun- 
try, and that Mis Thatcher is 
“more pro-American than Mr 
Reagan”. Tbe argument goes 
that she is used as a “cat's 

paw” in encouraging the 

Khalfotanis. That is the ex- 
treme view. 

Than is another view widely 
held here that, became the 
Conservative Party is in trou- 
ble in the pops, the British 
Government is anxious to 
garner votes from tbe immi- 
grant community, of which the 
Sikhs form a large proportion. 

A major British public rela- 
tions effort is needed here to 
change this perception. 

Sir Geoffrey will today visit 
the funeral sites of Mahatma 
Gandhi and Mrs Indira Gan- 
dhi, before meeting the Presi- 
dent of India and tbe External 
Affairs Minister. Tomorrow 
he flies to Agra to see the Taj 
Mahal ami to visit a typical 
country village, later calling on 
the Prime Minister. 

On Wednesday he wifl go to 
Bombay before flying* mi to 
Islamabad for a three-day visit 
to Pakistan. 

v-jw^v * ' 


_ _ ' X >■'.'** ■ : * fa- 

Punjab troops patrolling yesterday in I.ndhiana where Hindus were massacred by Sikhs. 

Sudan poll bypasses rebel South 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

After 16 years of military 
dictatorship and one year of 
transitional military-civilian 
rule. Sudanese voters go to the 
polls tomorrow to elect a new 
assembly, in which the Umma 
Party, led by Mr Sadiq al- 
Mahdi, is expected to win the 
biggest number of seats. 

Because of Sudan's size and 
widely dispersed population, 
voting will take 12 days, 
counting another four, and the 
result will not be known until 

the middle 

of April at the 

There is little chance of the 
war-tom southern part of the 
country taking part in the 
election in any significant 
way. At least two-thirds of 
southerners live in war zones, 
from which the government 
forces have been largely driv- 
en by -the Sudan People’s 
Liberation Army, led by Colo- 
nel John Garang. 







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The absence of a significant 
southern vote means that the 
next assembly will not draw 
tip a new constitution, as had 
been envisaged by the Transi- 
tional Military Council when 
it decided to hold elections 
this year. 

A new c on st i t u tion will 
have to await a genuine na- 
tional election, which is only 
possible if the southern prob- 
lem is resolved. 

quake was 

FrouMario Mediano 

A powerful earthquake 
measuring 6.1 on the Richter 
scale shook the central Aegean 
Sea on Saturday night, and a 
physicist revealed that he had 
predicted the shock to the 
Greek Government four days 
before. Police said the tremor 
caused no casualties or 

The Athens observatory an- 
nounced that the epicentre 
was 13S miles east-north-east 
of Athens, between die islands 
of Euboea and Chios. 

Dr Panayotis Varotsos, as- 
sistant professor of physics at 
Athens University, who leads 
a team working on earthquake 
prediction, went on tdevtsion 1 
soon after tbe 8.35pm shock to 
allay fears of stronger tremors 
■to follow. 

“We forecast tbe earth- 
quake with great precision on 
March 25,” Dr Varotsos said, 
showing a telegram sent on 
that day. /He said he had 
immediately informed the 
Government and urged it not 
to put out a warning, as the 
shock would be at sea 

The method devised by Dr 
Varotsos and two colleagues is 
known as VAN, from their 
initials. It intercepts ground 
electric signals that precede 
tremors and interprets them 
to forecast earthquakes up to a 
week in advance. 


girls join 
in video 




from David Watts 

pretty Japanese girls 
mace age uniforms are 
fitmt-line troops in* 
contest for the world video 

"^Tbey arc part of an djPgj 

sive marketing MW “j? 
Sony is waging to fry to "|ake 
8mm video the standard oi 
the future. ■ 

They dash up to people^ 
tbe street and persuade them 
to try tbe Sony eram 
camcorder, or ramera-recora- 
er which combines recording 
and playback in one mat. The 
campaign results play nightiy 
in Sony’s television 

^TheSess or feilure of the 

sales drive will most probably 

dictate how quickly other 

Japanese manufacturers move 
heavily into 8mm, and wheth- 
er or not they try to make the 
new, smaller, lighter cameras 
with their thinner tapes sup- 
plant the standard half-inch 
VHS and Betamax formats. 

All the big Japanese manu- 
facturers have had the 8mm 
technology for some time, but 
Sony decided to jump into the 
mark et ahead of everybody 
else to reap early profits and 
lead the market away from 
VHS and its own Betamax. 

“Sony was not really ready 
to go when it announced it. It 
was basically an attempt to 
upstage the other manufactur- 
ers av»d change the tides of the 
game,” said a foreign analyst 
of tire electronics market. 

“It may be successful but it 
is costly getting in loo early 
before the market is ready” 
Sony’s high-risk marketing 
has been forced on the 
by declining sales of its 
Betamax cameras and decks 
which have been losing 
ground to VHS, on which all 
the rest of the world’s manu- 
facturers standardized. 

ft is trying to recover its 
market share in one of Japan's 
Largest and most highly com- 
petitive exports and change 
video habits worldwide. 

So for Sony claims to have 
about SO per cent of the 8mm 
market in Japan. This year it 
will put one and a half million 
camcorders into the home 
market Only Canon and 
Sanyo have followed suit with 
competing 8mm cameras. 

The other manufacturers 
are hanging bade to see what 
foe biggest of them all 
Matsushita, make' of Nation- 
al and Panasonic, will do. 

Matsushita makes 8mm 
video cameras for Kodak in 
foe US, but it has not ventured 
into tire field at home, with 
good reason. 

Kodak's sales have been 
slow in the USand the effect 
of Sony's 8mms in the home 
market has been to hit sales of 
all video cameras, as consum- 
ers wonder what to do. 

The choices are to stay with 
the widely-accepted VHS for- 
mal with its vast choice of 
pre-recorded tapes for playing 
at home, switch to 8mm as the 
wave of the future, or logo for 
the latest entrant into foe field, 
VHS compact 

VHS compact is a new 
competitor from foe Japan 
Victor company, which uses 
conventional half-inch video 
tape but is much lighter and 
more compact titan ordinary 
VHS cameras. 

Rules ignored to win 
woman top food post 

lYtunZorianaPysarrosky, New York 

Mbs Margaret Anstee, one 
of the most senior British 
officials in foe United Nations 
Secretariat, has bees tipped to 
become the executive director 
ofthe World Food Council the 
organization's main food poli- 
cy arm charged with the task 
of eradicating world hunger. . 

The post which will be 
vacated by Mr Maurice Wil- 
liams, an American, when he 
retfres next month, carries the 
rank iff Assistant Secretary' 
General. The Rome-based 
council is a 36-nation body and 
the only UN organ which 
meets at ministerial level 1 

Miss Anstee, aged 59, » 
bring backed by foe British' 
Government, which has em- 
barked on a new strategy of 
actively promoting British na- 
tionals for key 
positions within the UN. 

. Until now Britain has been 

ly by^t^ ,> rSes > ^l^foe UN 
Charter, which prohibits gov- 
ernment interference in the 

Miss Anstee feels that her 
34 years of experience in 
development and her intimate 
knowledge of the UN system 
qsaliff herfbrtiliejob.Shewas 
the first woman field officer of 
the technical co-operation pro- 
gramme in its very early 
stages, and m 1957 became the 
first woman resident represen- 
tative of the UN development 
programme, serving In 

Although tins policy 
been widely acclaimed, it has 
meant in practical terms the 
loss for Britain of many impor- 
tant posts. British nationals in 
the Secretariat have com- 
plained of being passed over 
for promotion because there 
was no ose to lobby on their 

But despite tiie more! 
rive British 
Anstee, who is presently an 
Assistant Secretary-General 
in the UN's department of 
technical co-operation for de- 
velopment, faces formidable 
competition Grom Mr Gerald 
Tram a Deputy Minister in 
the C a na di a n Agricsttme De- 
partment. She is also ’ 
challenged V Mr 
Khan, of Bangladesh. 

Margaret Anstee: Deep in 
development an her life 


meats to: her to Africa, Asm 

and f-atin America. 

Experience gained from the 
food crisis in Africa has shown 
that foe problem of world 
hunger cannot be dealt with 
oriyrt tbe agricultural leveL It 

must be approached at the 
developmental level as well 
-Miss Anstee believes, “and 
development is sonwthiiig I 
have been deaHng with all my 

Miss Anstee feels that her 
appointment to head the coon-, 
dl * Mg boost for 
women in foe UN system, 
when they are seldom consid- 
ered forpaUcJ^raaking jobs in 
flie technical and economic 
fields.. . 

j WS? 





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Hong Kong victims I Court of Appeal 

Law Report March 31 1986 

Court of Apper 

1 1,000 pinning Groundless writ is abuse of process Applying for staV 

| Oil* n S te a mship Motna] Underwrit- intended lo govern the course of defendant had previously been Supreme Court need not dis- /lrhrt/V 

1 1 1 1 1 IrV ■' 1 II ing Association Led and An- properly conducted litigation. made in the statement of claim, close any cause of action), and il I l 

^ -\/U ofoa-vTroltope&CoUs{City) When a defendant, having A cause of action had been assess whether, avoiding un- €MrM. V-tikJV 

J 9 I m -m — Ltd and Others received such a writ, let sleeping defined by Lord Justice Diplock necessary subtleties, the amend- ^, ltnr . .... . 

II f r .l_ ¥ iW/winnt iiMtW tfav Tmf dogs * ,e an d ^ nothing to in Letang t Cooper ([ 1965] 1 QB mem did add a new cause of Croodace Ltd» Lambeth Lon- COMBE said that if the abse 

|1| 1 Tl C W\ 1 T»» service of a statement of 232. 242-3) as a factual situation anion, as defined in Letting. u> *°" Borough Council of a developed dispute belw 

-M. CJ.^ 1 1 III 1 1 |l l|| I lrSS£w 0y£l 8110 Just30s claim, the last vesuge of lift left the existence of which entitled what was already in the state- Before Lord Justice May, Lord the parties when the proceed! 

. c * u the lihrarirtfi’c fnnrihitnrf mr- nni» rvrcnvi u\ oHf-iin fmwi thf* Justin* Ra I com be and Sir had been commenced had 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

a ^ toOnx of brown-skinned immi- 

roMfrJ is reluctant to 

conatry fte lived. Business- grant citizens bin to amnne 

who « *»* ethnk P ChinM? ODe 
oSeTSf (L^ShV* ?** After 1997 ■on-OdnesetiB- 

rf Empire ' zens of Hong Kang , together 

P* 0 ™* - with about 3-S mniinn Oifn l!cI 
SUSZSSTJl** out of the territory*!!! 

inhabitants, will be 
VS?* ** ie ® nte * 1 “hie to acquire the newly- 
Z&fRZSUr-"*'* tMteof British Nation- 

Vrt nnS^ 1 ?!? 0 ^ - a) (Overseas). This win entitle 

■J^ZZ*** “ a *■?" the™ to travel on BN{0) 
SC* SSHLnL^SSl^ “PMspoitt* 'but gives no rfeht 


«rae stateless when Hong The 35 mfflion Chinese 
erott to BN(OVs will automatically ac- 

Chk ?Si it *- Ja| y i» 1»7. But the non- 
*“* of Hong Kong, 7,600 of Chinese wffl have no such 
whom are South Asians and automatic right. They can 
the rest mostly of Portuguese “request” Chinese nationality 
and Euraman stock. after that date, but there is no 

An Order m Council con- guarantee that they will get it 
ta ming the nationality provi- Peking h«s said it regards t he 
sons of the 1985 Hong Kong status of the non-Chinese as a 
Art wffl shortly he placed “British proWem”. 

hpfftrp PurlMwiANt nltUk «lll a n . . 

before Parliament which will 
determine their fate. 

to Mr Harflel 
inese residents 

.. „ JT, , ™rviuimc mainiu U1 

Mr Harflela hopes this will Hong Koag have no wish to 
reveal that Britain has bowed settle in Britan and want only 
to views expressed not only by to acquire British citizenship 
Hong Kong Indians, bat also to ensure that they have a right 
the leaders of the Chinese of abode somewhere in the 
co mmunit y, Hong Kong offi- world If they need it 
dais, British .MPs and the “We want to slay here. 
British and Hong Kong press, Most of us were bom m Hong 
by agreeing to grant the Kong and have our businesses 
territory’s non-ethnrc Chinese here,” Mr Harflela said, 
full British citizenship.' pointing out that TwHam con- 

“This issue is all about trolled about 20 per cent of 
morality and hoBour,” said Mr Hong Kong’s external trade. 
Harflela. “I am sore that “We like Britain, many of ns 
Britain will not let us down."* send our children to be educat- 
_ However, judging from ear- ed there, but this boor home.” 
Her statements by British If Brhuin does not agree to 
ministers, his confidence in their request for citize nship — 
Britain's sense of fair play and the odds are that it win not 
may prove to be misplaced. — the damage caused will be 
The Government has uraHp for greater thaw making 
itdear ft has no wish to give 11,000 people stateless. Many 
special treatment to a small of the 35 million Hong Kn ng 
minority In Hong Kong for Chinese who presently bold 
Tear that it might offend British Dependent Territory 
Peking and, more serionsly, citizenship feel betrayed by 
possibly set a precedent Britain on the passport issue, 
whereby other citizens of for- • PEKING; China’s ecooony- 
nter colonies could acquire ir nwrf w plan for »» n<»vy prp 
ritirenship. ^ years will boost Houg Kong’s 

Mr Harflela and other mm- economy, p ro vi di ng a bigger 
Chinese Hong Kongers are the market for the colony’s goods 
victims of Occidental and and aiding its tourist industry. 
Oriental racial prejudices, the New China News Agency 
Brifeinis striving to stem the said (Reuter reports). 

Rally bar on Kim 

The leading South Korean 
dissident, Mr Kim Dae-jung. 
above right, talking to some of 
the 200 plainclothes police 
sent to bar his way yesterday 
as be headed for Seoul airport 
to attend an opposition rally 
in Kwangju. 

The rally, attended by about 
100,000 people, heard politi- 

100,000 people, heard politi- 

Snap poll 
gamble by 

From M.G.G. Piilai 
Koala Lam pur . 

The Malaysian Prime Min- 
ister, Datuk Seri Mahathir 
Mohamed, is expected to call 
a snap general election next 
month, a year ahead of 

An election had been ex- 
pected for the past six months, 

despite the crises the ruling 
National Front coalition has 
had to face in that period. The 
Best bet here is any day 
between April 30 and May 3. 

But the general outlook is 
sombre enough for many to 
predict that the National 
Front will lose its two-thirds 
majority in Parliament, the 
pQchotogica! control that foe 
. Malay-led Government insists 
it needs to rule effectively. 

A drop below that could 
lead to increasing pressures on 
Datuk Seri Mahathir's effec- 
tiveness . as Prime Minister 
. and coalition leader. 

A delay, however, could be 
disa&roits, his principal advis- 
ers say. so he has decided to go 
ah pyi and tak e his chances. 

One killed as 
students in 
Dhaka clash 

Dhaka (Reuter) - At least 
oik person was killed and 20 
wounded yesterday when nval 
students buried home-made 
bombs at each other and 
blazed away with guns in a 
two-hour battle at Dhaka Uni- 
versity, officials said. 

The fighting, which fol- 
lowed clashes on other cam- 
puses. was between supporters 
of . a Maty 7 general election 
and anu-poU groups. 

cians denonce President 
Chun's military dictatorship 
and call for dix«3 election of 
the president .. 

Mr Kim, who has made no 
secret ofhis intention to run in- 
any future presidential elec- 
tion, is forbidden to engage in 
politics because of a previous 

Far East 
for Reagan 

From Christopher Thomas 
; Washington 

Mr Caspar Weinberger, the 
US Defence Secretary, em- 
barks on a two-week tour of 
the Far East today, including 
three days in foe Philippines 
in which he wfll underihre the 
Reagan Administration's de- 
light at foe way events have 
unfolded since foe exile of Mr 
Marcos: ' 

He will discuss the reorga- 
nization of the Philippine 
military with ■ President 
Aquino and Its ability to 
handle the Communist insur- 
gency. The Administration 
has asked Congress for $100 
xmllioa assistance fin- the Fili- 
pino mili tary in the financial 
year from October 1. 

Mr Weinberger begins his 
tour in South Korea, and will 
also visit Japan, Thail a n d , 
and Australia, b Seoul he is 
expected to discuss the contin- 
ued North Korean build-up, 
and. to assess foe growing 
domestic opposition to foe 
South Korean Government 

The growth of Soviet naval 
power in foe Pacific wfll 
dominate his talks , in Austra- 
lia together with the political 
implications of New Zealand’s 
continued opposition to port 
visits by undear-carrynig 
American warships. 

In Japan, which Mr Reagan 
Is risfting in May for the 

seven-nation Tofcyo_ economic 
summit, be will review Soviet 
a ctiviti es in. foe Pacific and 
bilateral defence co-operation. 

In a dose ally 

which receives US military 
supplies, he will be briefed on 
the non-Comamnist Khmer 
resistance to Vietnam's occu- 
pation of Cambodia. 

Steamship Mutual Underwrit- 
ing Association Led and An- 
other v Trollope & Colls (City) 
Ltd ami Others 
Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Lloyd and Mr Justice 

[Judgment given March 13] 

To issue a writ without any 
present intention of serving a 
statement of cbdxn and wtaen 
there was no evidence or ground 
upon which one could reason- 
ably be served was. even in the 
context of a building dispute, an 
abuse of the process of the court. 
There was no role oflaw that all 
damage caused by breaches of 
the same duty by the same party 
under the same contract gave 
rise to a single cause of action 
which accrued when the first 
item of damage ocained. 

The Court of Appeal so bdd, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiffs. Steamship Mutual 
Underwriting Association Ltd 
and Steamship Mutual Under- 
writing Association (Property) 
Ltd, from orders of Judge John 
Newey, QC. who, sitting as an 
Official Referee on October 2, 
1985, had refused them leave to 
ream cod the statement of daim 
in an action against the defen- 
dants, Trollope & ColB (City) 
Ltd. Newman Levinson & Part- 
nets, Haden Young Ltd, Revan 
Hayward and Partners, S. 
Jam pel & Partn ers, and Richard 
Hits (a firm), and had dismissed 
< their action, against the fifth - 
I defendant for want of prosecu- 
tion, under the inherent juris- 
diction. of the cou rt and Order 
19 rule 1 of the Rules of the 
Supreme Court. 

Mr Michael Harvey, QC. Mr 
Antony Edwards-Stuart for the 
plaintiff; Mr Nicholas Dennys 
for the first defendant; Mr John 
L. Powell for the second defeih- 
dant; Mr Desmond Wright, QC 
and Mr Martin Bowdery for the 
fifth defendant. 

that be could not express ap- 
proval of the practice of issuing 
a writ, in wide tains so as to 
cover any cause of action which 
the plaintiff thought might 
reasonably arise without any 
intention at the time of 
prosecuting the action in ac- 
cordance with the Rules of the 
Supreme Court, which were 

intended lo govern (he course of 
properly conducted litigation. 

When a defendant, having 
received such a writ, let sleeping 
dogs He and did nothing to 
procure service of a statement of 
claim, the last vesuge of lift left 
the litigation's moribund car- 

It was dear from Hytroc 
Conveyers Ltd v Conveyors 
International Lid ([1983] 1 
WLR 44) that a p lain tiff should 
state at the outset what allega- 
tions he was making and he facts 
on which they were based; if he 
did not be ought not to be 
su prised if the defendants did 
not take steps to put an end to 
the inanimate litigation. ■ 
Furthermore, to issue a writ 
when there was no evidential 
basis on which a statement of 
daim could be founded and 
without any intention to serve 
one was an abuse of the process 
of the court (see Creek City Co 
Ltd v Demetriou ([1983] 2 .411 

If the fifth defendant had 
called fora statement of claim to 
be served in accordance with the 
time limits in the Rules, as it 
would have been entitled to do, 
the plaintiffs would have had 
either to decline to do so, and 
risk having the action struck 
out, or to serve a statement of 
daim which they knew bad no 
foundation. That such a di- 
lemma would arise in those 
circumstances indicated that the 
issuing of the writ was an 
improper use of the process. 

It should seldom be necessary 
to issue a • protective writ to 
prevent a limitation defence 
from accruing; even in personal 
injury litigation where the fiiO 
extent of an injury took time to 
become apparent the provisions 
for liability and quantum to be 
tried separately would in many 
cases obviate the need to issue a 
writ before the evidence to 
establish liability was to ban d. 

Good justice needed to be 
swift justice; the limitation peri- 
ods were generous and any 
artificial extension needed to be 
fully justified. 

The plaintiffs had argued that 
the claims in their proposed 
reamendment constituted 
merely further particulars of the 
cause of action endorsed on the 
writ; no claim against the fifth 

defendant had previously been 

made in the statement of claim. 

A cause of action had been 
defined by Lord Justice Diplock 
in Letang »’ Cooper ([ 1965] 1 QB 
232, 242-3) as a factual situation 
the existence of which entitled 
one person to obtain from the 
court a remedy against another. 

Contrary to the plaintiffs' 
submissions. Idyll Lid v 
Dinerman Davison & Hillman 
((1971) 1 Const U 294) did not 
lay down anew principle that all 
damage to property flowing 
from breaches of the same duty 
under the same contract by the 
same party constituted only one 
cause of action. 

The Court of Appeal in Idyll 
had merely applied existing 
principles to the facts of that 
case, as the courts had done in 
Conquer v Boot ([1928] 2 KB 
336 and Brickfield Properties 
Ltd v Newton ([1971] I WLR 

In this case it was inconceiv- 
able that, if the plaintiffs had 
obtained judgment on their 
unreameuded claim and had 
then discovered the defects in 
respect of which they sought to 
reamend and started a second 
action, they would have been 
met with a successful plea of res 

The judge had been right to 
adopt a broad approach. It was 
necessary to ask in broad terms 
when on the facts the claim 
which it was sought to add could 
first have been sued upon and 
whether it had realistically been 
before the court on the 
unreamended pleadings. 

Although the failure to plead 
in the statement of claim a cause 
of action mentioned in the 
endorsement on the writ did 
not, unless the causes of action 
were mutually inconsistent, 
constitute an abandonment of 
that cause of action ( Lewis & 
Lewis v Dumford ((1907) 24 
TLR 64) was probably wrongly 
decided), when considering 
whether an amendment con- 
stituted a new cause of action for 
the purpose of section 35 of the 
Limitation Act 1980 it was 
necessary to look at the state- 
ment of claim and the proposed 
amendment, and not at the 
endorsement on the writ (which 
according to Order 6, rule 
2(1X0 of the Rules of the 

Supreme Court need not dis- 
close any cause of action), and 
assess whether, avoiding un- 
necessary- subtleties, the amend- 
ment did add a new cause of 
anion, as defined in Letang. to 
what was already in the state- 
ment of claim. 

The proposed reamendmem. 
on that test, did add a new cause 
of action which was not based 
on substantially the same facts. 
The action against the fifth 
defendant would be dismissed 
for want of prosecution. 

The delay in formulating and 
prosecuDng the daim against it 
had been inordinate and in- 
excusable and had prejudiced 
the court's ability to do justice 
between the parties. 

caucurring, said that the correct 
approach involved the court in 
the sometimes difficult task of 
drawing a line between factual 
situations which were part of the 
same cause of anion and those 
which constituted a separate 

Drawing lines in doubtful 
cases was one of the things that 
judges were for. Conquer v Boot 
and Idyll clearly fell one side of 
the line; this case equally clearly 
fed the other. 

The approach for which the 
plaintiffs had argued would in 
most cases work against the 
interests of plaintiffs in building 
cases, where some damage often 
did not appear for some time 
after other damage had oc- 
curred; the plaintiffs* approach 
would in all cases deprive. such 
persons of any right to sue for 
later damage once they bad 
obtained judgment for the first . 

Mr Justice Caulfield agreed. 

Solicitors; Richards Butler A 
Co; Mr M. R. Gibson: Fish bum 
Boxer & Co: Beale & Co 

That could not be right s 
there .was nothing to justify L 

Croudace Ltd v Lambeth Lon- COMBE said (hat if the abse 
don Borough Council of a developed dispute belw 

Before Lord Justice May. Lord the parties when the proceedi 
Justice Balcombe arid Sir had been commenced had 
George Waller effect of excluding the appl 

{Judgment given March 21] lion of section 4, that wo 
The absence of a dispute encourage parties who w 
between the ponies at the time subject to an arbitration agi 
when one of them had started ment. but did not want 
legal proceedings did not. when arbitrate, to rush lo court at 
a dispute which was subject to early stage to defeat the arbil 
an arbitration agreement sub- tion agreement, 
sequently arose in the proved- Thal coujd „oi be right s 
ings. debar the other party from [here was nothing to justify l 
applying for a stay of the construction, 
proceedings under section 4 of . . . .. . . 

ihe Arbitration Act 1950. In deciding whether to t 

_ _ . , ... crcise us discretion to gram 

The Court or Appeal so Bela jjay under section 4. among t 
in a reserved judgment, dismiss- factors which would wei 
ing appeals by the defendant, against doing so were the z 
Lam be ill London Borough sence of any defence on liabili 
Council, fro tu orders of judge t he feet that it was appropru 
John Newey. QC. who. sitting as lo order an interim payment « 
an official referee, had given account of damages, ai 
judgment for the plaintiff, unmerilorius conduct by t 
Croudace Ltd. under Order 14 pany seeking the stay: s 
of the Rules ot the Supreme . J „ „ _ 

Court, for damages to be as- Bulk Carriers Lc, 

sessed. and refused the Ain. h Shipping Inc ([1978] 
defendant's application for a Lloyd s Rep _~4) and El 
stay of proceedings pursuant to ^fectianjcal Services Ltd 
section 4 of the 1950 Acu H aies Construction Ltd (So. 

He had awarded the plaintiff 
an interim payment of 
£100.000, on the plaintiffs 
claim for payment of sums due 
under a building contract 
and/or damages for breach of 
contract in failing to have the 

Lloyd's Rep 24) and El 
Mechanical Services Ltd 
H dies Construction Ltd (So. 
([1978] I Lloyd's Rep 33). 

There was no defence 
liability in this case and t 

C 'se's interim payment awa 
been proper. 

The defendant's conduct 
failing to have the plaintif 

plaintiffs entitlement to pay- entitlement ascertained meriti 
mem assessed by an architect. the strongest condemnation at 
Mr Desmond Wright, QC and entiUcd foe coun to infer that i 
Mr Nicholas Dennys for the purpose in applying for a sb 

defendant; Mr Christopher 
Thomas for the plaintiff. 


Sheriffs duty to evict 

Six Arlington Street Invest- 
ments Ltd v Persons Unknown 
Mr Justice Knox refused in 
the Chancery Division on 
March 26 to issue an injunction 

of the land and premises, by 

had been to cause a forth 

In the circumstances, th 
judge had been justified i 
refusing the stay, even thoug 
on an arbitration the arbitrate 
would have been entitled t 
open up the architect's othe 
wise conclusive certificate 
which had granted the plainti 

ejectinga number of gypsies and an extension of time for finis! 

their caravans. 

ing the contractual works and t 

HIS LORDSHIP beld that the which the defendant objected. 

sheriffs duty to evict trespassers 

against the Sheriff of Greater was not as stated in Halsbur\''s 

London, ordering him forthwith 
to enter on land at 15 to 17 
Tramway Avenue, Stratford, in 
order to give vacant possession 

Sir George Waller delivered 
concurring judgment and Lor 

Laws of England 4th edition, justice Mav agreed, 
vol 17 (1976) at paragraph 501 ' , 

“at once", but merely “as soon Solicitors: Mr AJ. Georg 
as was reasonably practicable”. Lambeth: Masons. 





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— ! ‘JO 



Are we losing the war on 


































Everybody knows that society is getting 
more and more violent — or is it? In the 
first of a three-part series, Alan Franks 
looks back to the ‘good old days’ and finds 
large-scale riots and vicious street attacks 

Statistics, proverbially the 
damnedest liar known to man, are 
invoked whenever we wish - as 
the British never tire of doing - to 
compare the present in an 
unfavourable light with the past 

And each time society takes 
recourse to nostalgia, or seeks 
revenge over the corpse of some 
golden age lately assassinated, it is 
violence which, more than any 
other culprit, lands in the dock. In 
1986 the courts of social morality 
find themselves in almost perma- 
nent session, but hardly fin- the 
first time. 

The comparative figures on 
Man's inhumanity to two of its 
most defenceless fellows — the 
child and the domestic animal — 
make for an incriminating read. In 
both categories, abuse, whether 
through individual aggression or 
its collective equivalent, neglect, 
has risen startlingly in the past few 

Individual acts of 
violence have almost 
doubled in 10 years 

Already we stub our toe on the 
first paradox; for were it not for 
the very existence (and heightened 
vigilance) of the monitoring agen- 
cies, the statistics which are the 
result of their work could hardly 
be so damning. In other words, 
what appeare to be a proof of 
callousness is at the same time a 
token of compassion. 

Last year the Home Office 
published a 200-page volume of 
data on crime. It reveals, among 
other things, that individual acts 
of violence rose from 130 per 
100,000 members of the popula- 
tion in 1974 to nearly twice that 
figure 10 years later, that burglary 
doubled, robbery trebled, criminal 
damage soared sevenfold, with 
only fraud and sexual offences 
showing a negligible movement 

But again, do the figures mean 
simply that matters are getting 
worse, or that the police - 
supposedly not only the scourge 
but also the exposers of violence 
and its related ills — are getting 

We then come to one of the 
most challenging pieces of Home 
Office evidence — a regional 
breakdown of crime in 1984, with 
the prosperous south-east Lon- 
don excepted, emerging relatively 
guiltless while a black belt of 
felony encompasses the country’s 
northern girth from Merseyside, 
via Greater Manchester and West 
Yorkshire, to Humberside. With 
South Wales, the West Midlands 
and Geveland dotted as accom- 
plices on the map, the spectre of 
unemployment as the true culprit 
raises its unlovely head. 

As far as violence itself is 
concerned, the Home Office fig- 
ures tell us that the average annual 

percentage change during those 10 
years has been: 

Violence against the person: up 

by 6; 

Homicide: up by 0.3; - 

Wounding, or other act endan- 
gering life: up by 11 

For the popular press of 1986, 
violence remains a lurid if legiti- 
mate preoccupation. On March 
1 1. five days after the alleged rape 
of the Ealing vicar's daughter, the 
Daily Mirror was itemizing 14 
comparable incidents said to have 
occurred in the ensuing 96 hours, 
ranging from the assault of a 17- 
year-old girl in a Covent Garden 
bus station to the rape of a 78- 
year-old widow living alone in 
London's Notting HilL 

Taken together with the horrific 
muggings in our inner city areas, 
the excesses of Britain's soccer 
hooligans at home and abroad, not 
to mention the episodes on picket 
lines, it is easy to form the 
impression that violence, both of a 
public and private nature, has 
plumbed new depths. 

Unfortunately, it is not quite 
that simple. For example, what 
would we now make of an affair 
like the Gordon Riots of the late 
18th century which, as an expres- 
sion of civil revolt against the fear 
of Catholic emancipation, claimed 
several hundred lives on the 
streets of London? Or the epidem- 
ic of "garrotting'' nearly one 
century later? This Victorian for- 
bear of mugging was a form of 
violent robbery which was for the 
most part practised by gangs of 
three - a “front-stair and “back- 
stall" acting as look-outs on either 
side of a “nasty man" whose 
function was most graphically 
described in Volume Seven of the 
Comhill Magazine of 1863: 

“The thud ruffian, coming 
swiftly up, flings his right arm 
around the victim, striking him 
smartly on the forehead. Instinc- 
tively he throws his bead back, 
and in that movement loses every 
chance of escape. His throat is 
fully offered to his assailant, who 
instantly embraces it with his left 
arm, the bone just above the wrist 
being pressed against the “apple" 
of the throat. At the same time the 
garrotter, dropping his right hand, 
seizes the other’s left wrist; and 
thus supplied with a powerful 
lever, draws his back upon his 
breast and there holds him. The 
“nasty man's" part is done: His 
burden is helpless from the first 
moment, and speedily becomes 
insensible; all Ac has now to do is 
to be a little merciful” 

The correspondent who wrote 
that claimed to have visited an 
experienced practitioner in his 
prison ceU, and to have offered 
himself as an experimental sacri- 
fice. Garrotting, he concluded, 
was the “most inclement ruffian- 
ism that ever disgraced the 19th 

The Times meanwhile felt the 


The sad evidence: acts of violence against children and animals have risen in a startling way 

impulse to attribute such deeds to 
the influx of a foreign strand of 
criminal immorality. Gone, it 
seemed, was the semblance of 

good manners, however dup- 
licitous, of English highway rob- 
bery: “Without the old challenge 
and parley in use among high- 
waymen, your garrotter knocks a 
man's bead against the kerbstone 
as the best way of getting at bis 
pocket . . . our streets are actually 
not as safe as they were in the days 
of our grandfathers. We have 
slipped back to a state of affairs 
which would be intolerable even 
in Naples". 

The fair challenge of the good 
length ball had, as it were, been 
supplanted by a barrage of bounc- 
ers. What The Times omitted to 
notice was that those grand- 
paternal days were characterized 
by street disorder on a consider- 
able scale in the aftermath of the 
Napoleonic Wars, which gave 
birih to the original “Sus" laws. 

Every time violence mugs its 
way onto the social or political 

A chief constable 
described crime as 
a growth industry 

agenda some form of atavism 
seems to permeate the responses 
of the outraged; hence in 1974 Sir 
Keith Joseph's declaration that 
“for the first time since the great 
Tory reformer Sir Robert Peel set 
up the Metropolitan Police Force, 
areas of our cities are becoming 
unsafe for peaceful citizens by 
night, and some even by 
day . . .Rome itself fell destroyed 
from inside. Are we to be de- 
stroyed too, a country which 
successfully repelled and de- 
stroyed Philip of Spain, Napoleon, 
the Kaiser, Hitler?" 

Five years later Philip Knight- 
ley, president of the Association of 
Chief Police Officers, was saying: 
"The mindless violence, the per- 
sonal attacks and injury, and 
above all the use of violence in all 
its forms to further political creeds 

; incidents involving 
physical abuse of children 
1 15 (England and Wales) 

















Source: WttnraH Soctoty fcx th« P ravtmtion of 

Cruattjf to CtHdren 

Instances of cruelty to animals 
Complaints investigated 
iQftl 33,371 

‘1982 37,013 

'1983 39,867 

1984 47,362 

Isis W.6 78 


1981 I'soi 

1982 1 337 


1984 J'?12 


the history of violence in Britain is 
Hooligan; the work of Dr Geoffrey 
Pearson, senior lecturer in sociolo- 
gy at Middlesex Polytechnic. This 
is what he has to say about the 
received notion of a tranquil 
tradition in our society: 

“The view ofBri tain’s history as 
founded on stability and decency 
is deeply ingrained in tile self- 
understanding of the British peo- 
ple. The present, we need hardly 
be told, is extremely tense. But the 
past, say the accumulated tradi- 
tions of our national culture, was a 
“golden age" of order and securi- 
ty. Nowadays we need the iron fist 
of policing in order that we might 
sleep soundly in our beds. Where- 
as formerly we did not, and our 
love of tolerant freedom was 
spontaneous, nmwgimwntgri and 

“The extremity of these awful 
judgments against the moral dete- 
rioration of the British people, and 
the enormous vision of chaos and 
disorder which they conjure up, 
:d for a cautious 

. are relatively new to the streets of 
this country." 

Two years earlier Kenneth Ox- 
ford, chief constable of Mersey- 
side, had prophesied: “What we 
are experiencing is not a passing 
phenomenon but a continuing 

process of change in our way of 
life... our customary ways of 
behaving and our traditional val- 
ues are being radically modified." 

The job of the police force, 
claimed Sir Robert Marie in his 
book In the Office of Constable 
(1978), required not only as much 
physical courage and dedication as 
policing parts of Victorian Lon- 
don had done, but a great deal 
more moral courage than had been 
needed by the police at any time 
since Peel And in that same year 
— albeit in the Daily Telegraph — 
James Anderton, chief constable 
of Greater Manchester, was be- 
moaning “the rot that has now 
taken a firm bold in the fabric of 
our society," and describing crime 
in general as Britain's main 
growth industry. 

One of the definitive studies of 

the need 

tion of our thought and 
as we approach these 
matters. Clearly there is an im- 
pressive consistency in this line of 
thinking — both in terms of the 
belief of a pre-existing era of 
tranquility, and in the agreement 
that the natural moderacy of the 
'British way of life' has been 
eclipsed in the hooligan deluge, 

“However, when we come to 
more detailed considerations — 
such as where this ‘golden age' is 
to be located in real historical time 
— then we are confronted with 
such a disorderly jumble of date- 
marks and vague historical allu- 
sion as to allow for wide margins 
of disagreement even among dedi- 
cated ‘tawsmd-ordef enthusiasts. 
Indeed, at the centre of the pre- 
occupation with dedming stan- 
dards and mounting disorder, 
there is an immense historical- 
‘black hofeY* 

In the second and third part of 
this series we visit one of Britain's 
most troubled yet least known 
inner city areas — Chapeltown in 
Leeds — and two neighbourhoods 
in which vigilante patrols are 
taking the law into their own 
bands. From each instance it is not 
possible to conclude that violence 
in Britain today is a phenomenon 
unrelated to youth unemptoyment 
and racial tension. To insist that it . 
is something set apart, moving 
with its own dynamic force 
through a once upstanding social 
field, is merely a 1986 version of 
the Mlf-distanong approach. 

There is even evidence to 

suggest that the police are tacitly, 
if unwillingly, abetting the short- 
term increase in crimes of person- 
al violence by adopting a laissez 
faire approach in the sensitive 
quarters of our cities. 

If we are more violent than 
“before", we are so only in tne 
sense that we have always per- 
ceived that to be the case through- 
out our history. We have a long 
precedent of consistency in our 

In the view of Dr George 
GaskeU, lecturer in social psychol- 
ogy at the London School of 
Economics, pessimism is prema- 
ture: “My guess is that over the 
past 10 years the underlying trend 
has has been an increase in 
violence, but producing un- 
equivocal evidence to support 
such an assertion is rather 

Academics say that 
in the long-term 
crime rates are down 

“Almost certainly there is an 
increase in tte actual /ear of crime; 
by which I mean that people have 
anxieties about being the victim of 
violent crime, and that these are 
disproportionate to the likelihood 
of their actually being a victim. 
And that, curiously enough, may 
in itself provide conditions in 
which cr iminals flourish." 

“If you just go by statistics, it is 
easy to be misled. For example, 
when the Criminal Justice Bill 
came in 20 years ago there was 
obviously a sudden increase in the 
number of community service 
sentences, and hence an apparent 

rise in criminal figures. 

“I don't think it is really very 
helpful for someone to state that 
there is more violence in 1986 
than there was in, say the 1830s. In 
those days society itself probably 
tolerated a higher level of 
violence ... I would say that in 
the long-term historical perspec- 
tive violence is following a down- 
ward trend. It may not be easy for 
us to accept that, for the reason 
that all downward trends are apt 
to be punctuated by upward 
bumps, and we are standing on 
one of those now." 

Part Two: Street life 
in the city where 
crime can run riot 


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Pop television and la dolce vita 

In terms of one man's success 
in any field Silvio Berlusconi 
can have few European rivals. 
Undisputed master of com- 
mercial television in Italy, and 
now established in France 
with Spain to come, he is the 
self-styled missionary to the 
rest of Europe of the virtues of 
the private television station. 

His mission is to make 
straight the way for commer- 
cial companies by first remov- 
ing the fear that private 
television can be used for 
ideological aims and by point- 
ing out the tonk effect he 
believes it has on a country's 
economy and quality of life. 
With his European empire 
taking shape. Berlusconi is 
now providing the doctrine 
behind it which until now has 
been lacking. He has been seen 
in France, as well as amongst 
Italian intellectuals, as a busi- 
nessman and no more. “He 
even packages women as if 
they are hamburgers", Fellini 

Yet his victory in Italy is, in 
commercial terms, complete. 
Until 1976 The State Broad- 
casting Corporation had a 
national monopoly. When a 
court ruled that private televi- 
sion stations might operate 
locally, Italy soon found itself 
with not one television com- 
pany, but something ap- 
proaching 3,000, with people 
setting up private transmitting 
studios in their gardens. 

It was from this lawless 
jungle that Berlusconi 
emerged. There are now three 
principal commercial televi- 
sion stations in Italy, Canale 
S. Italia 1 and Rete4. He owns 
them all What he still lacks is 
legislation allowing him to 
work on any more than a local 
basis. All his programmes 
have to be recorded and the 
tapes distributed throughout 
the country and broadcast 
more or less simultaneously to 
get around the court’s ruling. 
This means, among other 
things, that he cannot offer 

But still he has been able to 

With missionary zeal 
Italian TV mogul 
Silvio Berlusconi 
preaches the value of 
commercial stations 

establish Italy as the continen- 
tal leader in commercial tele- 
vision. The announcement 
earlier this month of a consor- 
tium of French, German and 
British partners (with Spain to 
come) for satellite transmis- 
sion on a European scale 
heralds his latest expansion. 

All that marred the launch 
was that Robert Maxwell his 
British partner, announced 
the agreement a day in ad- 
vance and so spoiled the effect 
of Berlusconi's own press 
conference in Rome. Maxwell 

Beriascoac “People ask why 

my style of TV is so beaBtifrri*- 
will be chairman of the con- 
sortium fora yean Berlusconi 
is permanent managing-direc- 
tor — “the one who will do the 
work" he says. But he thrives 
on work. He mentions casual- 
ly that it has been two nights 
now that he has had no time to 
sleep, and that after news of 
the consortium he had 98 
requests for interviews. 

At, 49 he is neat, well- 
preserved and affable, with a 
ready smile that conceals con- 
siderable tension. His home is 
the magnificent Villa $t 
Martino at Acore some half 
hour’s drive from Milan. He 
bought it from the heirs of the 
Marches? Casati who might 

well have been the sutgect of a 
tele-film himself. He commit- 
ted suicide after shooting his 
wife and her lover. 

Berlusconi can be extremely 
difficult to work with, and has 
lost valuable associates as his 
empire has broadened. But 
while deeply proud of what he 
has achieved singled-handed 
he still sometimes finds his 
success difficult to believe — 
one of his more endearing 

He set up his first company 
at the age of 23 and was a 
building millionaire before he 
thought of taming to televi- 
sion. His assets are now 
valued at 6,000 billion lire (a 
bit on the high side he says). 
His Fminvest group has three 
divisions apart from televi- 
sion; construction, publishing, 
hnd insurance and finance. 

His interest in television 
grew out of his building 
activities. He was responsible 
for “Milano 2", a model town 
of 10,000 inhabitants on the 
outskirts of Milan where he 
has his offices. As one of the 
services to the inhabitants he 
offered an internal dosed 
circuit television service. 

He sees commercial televi- 
sion not only as the rival of 
public broadcasting but also as 
its antidote; “When my 
French friends ask me why 
everything is beautiful in my 
style of television, 1 tell them 
to look at public television, 
which must necessarily 
present the realities of life. In 
the news bulletins everything 
that is most tragic and dramat- 
ic is newsworthy and so we 
have a condensation of afl the 
unpleasant events. 

“Commercial television on 
the other hand is a little like 
the advertising which nourish- 
es it -an attractive fable, 
where everybody is beautiful 
everything is elegant, and all 
the children love father and 
mother and are loved in their 
tum. This philosophy is fun- 
damental to everything Ida 

“Television as I produce it 
should contribute to improv- 

ing the taste of the public, the 
awareness of the public. In 
France they have now. seen 
that 'La Cinq* is in anything 
but poor taste .” And he recalls 
with some pride that the 
French opening was prepared' 
in 40 days, had 40 billion lire 
of publicity in advance and for 
the first three months had no 
advertising spot vacant 
Berlusconi sees television 
on a European scale as of 
revolutionary importance to 
European unity. “Look at 
Italy. Television here has been 
the unifying factor in Italian 
culture ana in the language. 

Imag ine if we could create a 
television which went beyond 
national and natural bound- 
aries, a television bom in 
Europe, which thought Euro- 
pean, how useful it would be 
to make each country learn 
about the others. Understand- 
ing is a great stimulus to 
unity." And so, in the imme- 
diate future, Berlusconi's ex- 
traordinary energies! will be 
focused on Italy and his 
European commitments. But 
the United Stales had best 

Peter Nichols 


1 Warehouse (5) 

4 Climber's iron (7) 

8 Mohammed’s birth- 
place (5) 

9 Lonery (7) 

10 Search refuse (8) 

H Coffin covering f 4) 

13 Great work (l!) 

17 Plucked instrument 
(4) . 

18 Curved sword (8) 

21 Drinking festivity (7) 

22 IncapobMS) 

23 Magnificent array (7) 

24 Duties (5) 


1 Free from 
condensation (6) 

2 Properly done (3) 

3 Mockery (8) 

4 Positively (13) 7 Almost (6) 15 Explode (4 J) 

5 Soldierly group (4) 12 Alight from saddle 16 Rree (6) 

6 Lacking imagination (*) ■ 19 Petty quarrels (5) 

IT) 14 Gafaman(7) 20 Swindle (4) 

Solution to Saturday's Jumbo Concise em sswoul 
ACROSS: ' 1 Irtish Standards Institution 15 Flashbulb 16 Foil 
^ 17Wentikrt 18 Reverie 19 Evangel 20 Fresh breeze 21 Tar. 
antefla MDeribdt 23 WoodJog 24Even 25 Pacer 27Stone- 
oop » Taper 32 Arthritis 34Chassepot 37 Enclose 

42 ^Effervescence 46Pumper- 
.49 Trenchant 50 Haystacks 52 Torso 54 
ft Rhombus 64 En visas 66 
»**“•“* "Elation 71 Raft 
nuKer 72 Tadpole 73Lubricutt 74 Spring mmmw i «n ww« 

DOWi^ l Before the war 2 Inadvertent 3 Inherent 4 House- 

g* *1 Ascot « Secretary feds 45Eneydopaedia 46 

Plain 47 Assassinator 50 Haemophilia 51 Compfatinani S3 

» Madnrom 56Novdette 58 Oyster bed - 66 Paga- 
nmr 62 On offer 63 Sheikhs 65 Slip 67 Museum - 

i nb i iMfcs MONICA Y MAKCH 31 iy»6 





\ 1 ! 


■ -s 


Peter Tnwnor 

the plain set 

In the world of knitting, Patricia Roberts is regarded with 

awe. Her design books sell out in days, her 

high-fashion creations are sold by the world’s exclusive 

boutiques. Sally Brompton talked to the 

woman who turned plain-one, purl-one into an art form 

Ever since Madame Defiage 
and her macabre cronies 
clicked away at the fqot of the 
guillotine, knitting has had a 
somewhat gloomy image. 
Even at best, woollens, in 
common with many of the 
people who knitted them, 
have had a reputation for 
being sensible, cosy and prac- 
tical. A we 11- worn cardigan is 
synonymous with the prover- 
bial pipe and slippers while its" 
op-roarfcet cousin, the twin- 
set, is scarcely the kind of 

nothing- has happened over- 
night. It’s all been just one 
stage after another.” 

The only daughter of a 
county cricketer who died 
when she was a small child, 
she was taught to knit "by her 
grandmother at the age of six 
and proceeded to invent pat- 
terns forher dolls’ clothes. But 
ft was not until her final year 
studying fashion at an school 
that she decided to concen- 
trate on knitwear. * 

“I didn’t fancy being a 

garment to set the fashion . designer in- a factory just 

potting on pockets here, there 

world on fire. 

Then along came Patricia 
Roberts — and knitting has 
never been the same. With a 
wave of her number 12 nee- 
dles, she transformed the 
humdrum woollen workhorse 
into a sexy, glamorous, sophis- 
ticated contender for the high- 
fashion stakes. _ 

Dedicated knitters took on a 
new lease of life and even 
those who had discarded their 
needles after learning to knit- 
one and purl-one at school 
were inspired to rediscover 
their skills in the interests of 
woollen elegance and original- 

‘You create 
your own 
fabrics as well 
as the shapes’ 

ify. With the dedication of a 
true pioneer, Patricia Roberts 
revolutionized hand-knitting 
into an ail form. 

For this shy, former . art 
student it has been a steady 
progression from designing 
knitting patterns for ’’some 
very boring magazines” to 
master-minding an interna- 
tionally acclaimed empire of 
haute couture and design. 

Her recent Design Council 
award for style, a first in the 
knitwear industry, automati- 
cally places her in the running 
for the coveted Design Award 
of the Year, to be selected by 
the Duke of Edinburgh and 
announced at a ceremony in 
June. The council describes 
her work as “an outstanding 
example of British design 
success" Iis members were 
particularly impressed by the 
feet that “despite a consider- 
able growth of sales, the 
highest design standards had 
been maintained throughout 
the growth of the company”. 

With a typical Lancastrian 
realism, Roberts takes it all in 
her stride. “I’m not* 
surprised”, she says of her 
remarkable success, “because 

and everywhere”, she ex- 
plains. “I really wanted to care 
about the things I was making 
and with knitwear you create 
your own fabrics as well as the 

At that time, the tail-end of 
the Sixties, knitwear was very 
much the poor relation of the 
burgeoning fashion industry, 
with only a handful of French 
designers specializing in fash- 
ionable machine knits. “What 
I wanted was to create band- 
knits ihat looked as if they 
were hand-knitted but were 
sophisticated at the same 
time” Roberts recalls. 

After about three years of 
making up patterns for a well- 
known group of women’s 
magazines she decided to go 
freelance at the age of 26. “In 
those days people tended to do 
hand-knitting for economy 
and magazines wanted copies 
of Marks & Spencer sweaters, 
but you just couldn't compete 
with them in -that way. I 
thought that knitwear had to 
go in a different direction if it 
was going to be worth knitting 
by hand at atL” 

• She began designing for 
more fashion-conscious maga- 
zines such as Honey and 
Petticoat, producing some of 
the first bobble sweaters and 
ones with pictures knitted into 
. them. The turning point came 
when Vogue accidentally pho- 
tographed one of her designs 
in colour and decided to 
feature the garment on a 
fashion page instead of print- 
ing it in black and white as a 
knitting pattern. The maga- 
zine sent her with it to Browns 
of South Moiton Street in the 
hope that the exclusive shop 
would be named as a stockist. 
Browns immediately ordered 
it. and several other designs, 
and Roberts found herself 
with a- regular retail outlet 
Other fashionable stores — 
particularly American ones 
such as Bfoomingdales — be- 
gan demanding her designs. In 
1976 Roberts opened her first 
shop, in Knighisbridge, selling 
both made-up garments and 
knit-kits consisting of pattern 
and yams. The Following year 

she started to sell her own 
yarns wholesale. 

Now aged 40 and with her 
third London shop opening in 
May, Patricia Roberts is an 
international byword in fash- 
ion. She has franchise shops in 
Hong Kong, Cyprus and Mel- 
bourne and about 75 per cent 
of her garments are export- 
ed — mainly to Italy. 

Her new pattern books are 
keenly awaited by her follow- 
ers ami a topic of conversation 
at dinner parties around the 
country. She designs the 
books — stylish masterpieces 
of glamour and glitz — herself 
Her tenth book is due out this 
year. It costs £2.75 in paper- 
back, with hardback compen- 
diums selling for £13.95. The 
initial 30,000 print run of the 
most recent paperback sold 
out almost overnight. 

The artiste herself is seem- 
ingly untouched by her suc- 
cess. “I’ve always been a 
worker”, she says, “a plodder. 
I tend to think I’m not 
ambitious but f must be. 
Other people seem to think I 


“The most satisfaction 1 get 
out of my work is creating new 
stitches: i suppose I must have 
created hundreds over the 
years. Basically, knitting is 
knit-one, pud-one and it’s 
really just working out varia- 
tions on that theme.” 

She gels ideas for her de- 
signs from everyday life — a 
piece of pottery, perhaps, or a 
Scrabble board. Her grapes 
and cherries have been an all- 
time best-seller, still popular 
after nearly 10 years. “The 
ones 1 like best usually sell the 
best” she says. She was feeling 
particularly pleased when ,we 
met • because she bad just 
discovered how to create a 
curved circle in wool. “I don’t 
often do a plain stocking stitch 
any more." 

She makes up each new 
pattern as she goes along — “I 
keep knitting it up and unrav- 
elling it because 1 keep chang- 
ing my mind” — and then 
writes it down and sends it to 
one of her team of freelance 
knitters to make up. The 
knitters include pensioners 
and people with the kind of 
jobs that enable them to knit 
at work, such as telephonists. 
“The trouble with telephonists 
is that they keep ringing up to 
chat”, Roberts says. 

Her finished garments sell 
for hundreds of pounds — one 
of the most expensive costs 
£525 — and her customers in- 
clude stars of stage, screen and 
fashion salon. The designer 
Jean Muir, who is on the 
board of the Design Council 
and chairs its knitting com- 
mittee. compares Roberts’s 

Who has time for 
office romance? 

Simply knitting: Patricia Roberts’s daughter Amy, aged 4, is learning to knit 
work to that of a painter or “A lot of knitwear designers rather upsets me sometimes 

sculptor. “I think of her as 
being much more of a crafts- 
man who has made her work 
commercial”, she says. “I 
regard her as being a leader in 
the resurgence of artists and 

‘The ones I 
like best 
usually sell 
the best’ 

craftsmen who are bringing 
about the most exciting move- 
ment that has happened in 
this country for a century.” 
Roberts likes to think of 
herself as primarily a designer. 
*Tm very interested in prod- 
uct design and so is my 
husband. We are very much 
design designers.” Her hus- 
band, John Hefternan, is an 
auiomative/industrial design- 
er. The decor of their maison- 
ette in north- west London is 
as coldly clinical as that of 
Roberts’ black and white 
shops, which she also designs. 

tend to be very arty-crafty and 
I’m not", she says. “I don’t 
have lots of patterned checks 
around the place.” Her four- 
year-old daughter. Amy, is 
already learning to knit 
To the vast majority of her 
devotees, a Patricia Roberts 
number means one which they 
have knitted themselves. A 
typical design, priced at over 
£400 ready-made, would cost 
around £170 to knit in the 
cashmere and angora yam of 
the original and about £40 
with Shetland wool. 

One enthusiast earned a 
year’s free baby-sitting by 
giving away a jersey which 
took her nine months of lunch 
hours to knit. “It wasn’t really 
difficult” she says, “it was 
more frustrating because there 
were so many balls of wool on 
the go at once. It was rather 
like playing a piece of music. 

Once you learn what the notes 
are you can play the piece." 

Roberts's shop assistants fre- ^ ... .. . 

quentiy get called to help C TOMORROW J 

customers who have got stuck. 

One of the problems Rob- 
erts has had is commercial 
imitation of her designs. “It 

when I’ve had a good idea and 
actually worked il out quite 
well and then somebody bas- ' 
lardizes it and makes ft look 
cheap ” She made legal history 
when a Manchester shop own- 
er whom she sued for selling j 
her designs knitted up was 
found guilty of infringing her | 

She has grown accustomed 
to seeing her designs walking 
down the street. “1 don’t often 
see one of my patterns badly 
knitted”, she says, “but what I 
don’t like is seeing them 
knitted in cheap acrylic yams. 
That really upsets me because 
yam makes such a difference 
to the end product” 

Her reserve has prevented 
her from revealing her identity 
to a passing punter. Only once 
has she done so — when, 
many years ago. she saw an 
Englishwoman wearing one of | 
her sweaters in the Kremlin 
museum in Moscow. 

Suzy Menkes on the 
soft face of knitwear 

Winter of discontent 

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One of the more offen- 
sive items I have seen on 
television recently was a 
snappy little drama, re- 
peated many times dur- 
ing January by the IB A. 

The piece showed a snow- 
bound housewife, in distress 
because her central heating 
had ceased to function, making 
a single phone call which 
brought, in short order, a 
smiling gas fitter 
As he departed Into the 
snow, his work done, he 
assured her, smiling, that if 
anything else went wrong she 
had only to ring his masters 
ami aD would be well. 

Last September I visited my 
local gas showroom and asked 
to have part of my central 
heating — two elderly radia- 
tors — replaced. One of them 
had ceased to give oat heat; the 
other, I suspected, might soon 
do the same. A smiling woman 
filled in a form and assured me 
that 1 would bear from them 
very soon. It was wise of me, 
she thought, to have the work 
done before winter set in. 

Some weeks passed. In mid- 
October I rang the gas board 
at Staines (the only number 
the gas board reveals in the 
telephone book). 

A friendly lady, no doubt 
smiling, gave me the number 
of a Mr Hushaby (not his real 
name) in Hounslow. At the 
third time of asking I spoke to 
Mr Hushaby who was desolat- 
ed to hear about my problem. 
There had been, be explained, 
delays. Mr Hushaby came to 
see me and my radiators. He 
would, he said, send me a 
quote for their replacement 
Some weeks passed. In the 
second week of November the 
quote arrived. 1 filled In the 
form, wrote my Visa nmnber 
on the bottom and returned it 
at once. The £239.00 was 
cleared through my Visa ac- 
count on November 28. 

Some .weeks passed. On 
January 8 a gas fitter fame. 
He explained, smiling, that he 



Tom Aftken 

didn’t actually work for the 
gas board, but for a private 
firm in Staines, brought in to 
expedite matters. 

He worked, smiling, for 
most of the day, assuring me 
from time to time that all was 
well and that the pump, in 
particular, was working splen- 
didly. Towards evening be 
attempted to re-fill the system 
with water and set it going. 
His expression grew steadily 
less jovial and eventually he 
told me that two of the 
radiators were now not work- 
ing — including, perhaps fortu- 
nately, the one which had not 
worked before. This was be- 
cause the pump was “duff” 
and would need to be replaced. 

We both smiled again and 
exchanged routine grumbles 
about the gas board for a few 
minutes. Finally he said he 
would return on the morrow to 
replace the pump. 

Somewhat to my amazement 

he did so. But sadly, the 
radiator which had not worked 

before still would not function. 
He gazed dispiritedly at the 
copper pipes leading to it and 
opined that they most be 
blocked. He would return in a 
few days and flush the system 

Some weeks passed. I rang 
Staines. They said they would 
give me the private firm’s 
number. I said they could 
make their own phone calls. 
They agreed, smilingly, that 
this was reasonable. I would 
bear very soon. 

Some weeks passed. I rang 
Mr Hushaby, who was deso- 
late. He could offer no expla- 
nation' for the delay. He and 
Mr Rockfist would visit me at 
once. Coaid I just explain what 
the problem was? 

Messrs Hnshaby and 
Rockfist appeared a few days 
later. They looked at the 
system and explained that the 
piping must be blocked. They 
would put their own fitters 
onto the job at once, in order to 
expedite matters. 

Eight days passed. I rang 
Mr Hushaby, who quite soon 
remembered who I was. He 
co old offer no explanation for 
the delay. Mr Rockfist had, he 
was sure, been intending to 
ring the private firm immedi- 
ately after they had visited me. 

I would hear from somebody 

Six days passed. I rang Mr 
Rockfist. He was sorry that I 
bad been “messed about” He 
would get onto somebody at 

Three days passed. Still, I 
was do worse off than I was in 
September. I have two gleam- 
ing new radiators, one of which 
leaks. My first-floor landing 
has remained unhealed during 
the coldest February since 
1947 and the gas board has 
bad £239.00 of mine 
since last November. 

Then, last week, high- 
speed gas struck. 
Laugh? I almost 
smiled ... 


Times Newspapers Ltd need 
never worry that I might harm 
its corporate image. That is 
because I am the woman least 
likely to get involved in a 
Corporate Romance which, 
according to a new study* can 
send a firm’s shares diving 
through the floorboards as 
surely as finding the sales 
director’s fingers in the tilL 
According to Leslie 
Westoffi the author of Corpo- 
rate Romance, emotional en- 
tanglements at executive level 
have “threatened both office 
morale and the orderly transi- 
tion of executive power". 

Out of 1 12 executives ques- 
tioned in a 1 982 survey, 82 per 
cent said they had found 
romance at work and several 
of these said that it had 
affected their company 

I am aware that what ought 
to engage my interest in this 
finding is how a little loving 
on the premises can send a 
corporation crashing. But it 
doesn’t. What I want to know 
is how executives ever find the 
time 10 say anything more 
tender to each other than “Let 
me have that file on Breeze, 
Bumf and Belfry as soon as 
you can”. 

I work in a company that is 
teeming with men of all 
shapes and shoe-sizes and so 
far not one of them has cast a 
glance in my direction that 
could possibly be described as 
meaningful. They are not to 
blame for this since during 
office hours I am definitely 
not at my seductive best. 

There is something in the 
air in the London Under- 
ground system that ensures 
that, although 1 enter it during 
every morning rush hour with 
a freshly-made-up face and 
newly washed hair, I emerge at 
the other end with every lick 
of mascara blown off my 
lashes and a lank and dingy 

1 really took much prettier 
perched on a bar stool at 8 pm 
than hunched over an editori- 
al keyboard first thing in the 
morning but none of the male 
executives with whom 1 share 
the daylight hours can be 
expected to know that. 

My predicament is not 
unique. A colleague of mine 
met one of her editors at a 
party and had to introduce 
herself to him as he didn’t 
recognize her dazzling night- 
time self as the grimy little 
number he saw nearly every 
day at the office. 

I do know one female 
executive who looks as lovely 
against a business background 
as she does in a ballroom. But 
corporate romance has foiled 
to come her way either, since 
she is always at the hairdresser 
having a comb-out when she 
should be attending high-level 





Even if I were to have some 
choice in the matter, 1 might 
hesitate before embarking on 
an affair of the heart at my 
place of work. For I have 
noticed that men are not at 
their best between Monday 
and Friday. For one thing, 
they always seem to be con- 
centrating on the task in hand 
and would not be districted 
even if Madonna were to slink 
in and place her bare midriff 
between them and their 

During the brief period 
when high-ranking men leave 
their desks, they eat a lot This 
does not present a pretty sight 
to a woman with a permanent 
weight problem. 

What ! can do without as 1 
queue up at the canteen till 
.with my cottage cheese salad 
and mineral water is to watch 
the man in front of me riffie 
through his pockets for 
enough change to pay for his 
steak and kidney pie, mashed 
potato and coffee with cream. 
The relish that my male 
colleagues never bring to de- 
veloping any kind of interest- 
ing little sideline with me is 
brought to bear on devouring 
steaming platefuls of treacle 
sponge. 1 have seen otherwise 
respectable beads of depart- 
ment fliog their tie over their 
left shoulder so as not to have 
it dangle in the custard. This is 
not die stuff of which a 
thousand-megawatt corporate 
romance is made. Especially 
since the blighters don’t ever 
seem to put on any weighL 

My own experience ex- 
cepted, the Corporate Ro- 
mance is wreaking havoc 
wherever it strikes, to the 
extent that Leslie Westoff 
insists that companies must 
hire professional counsellors 
to deal with the problem. 

Perhaps these advisers 
could also be on tap to help 
those of us who have never 
found love in the office deal 
with that left-in-the-filing-cab- 
inet feeling that occasionally 
comes over us. 

* Corporate Romance (Times 
Books. $ 1 6.95). 

Why the bride needn’t blush 

sty liule buzz 
around that the fact that Miss 
Sarah Ferguson comes from a 
broken home might cause 
difficulties on her wedding- 
day. I wonder what people 
expect divorced parents might 
do when lei loose at a wedding 
reception. Have a full-scale 
spat ? Refuse to speak to each 
other? Weep uncontrollably 
into their tepid champagne as 

they recall how their own 
nutrriage came to a sticky end? 

Such worries are groundless. 
People who find themselves 
confronted with other people to 
whom they were once married 
have a vested interest in ap- 
pearing charming, poised and 
much, much happier than they 
were when still wedded to the 
person to whom they now 

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Jt# '? <• T'aoerrvt— 

CH 31 1986 

Guilty or not guilty? Tom Bower on the riddle of the 


Simon Barnes 

World v 
World 1 1 

There would be no problem these 
days in picking a world team to 
play Man at cricket You would 
just pick the West Indies and turn 
them loose. The real challenge is 
to pick a world team that could 
beat the West Indies. This prob- 
lem is now being wrestled with by 
David Gower and associates, and 
they are doing it for real The West 
; Indies will play the Rest of the 

■ World in a one-day match at 
! Edgbaston on May 20, with the 

■ proceeds going to Band Aid to 
make the whole thing quadruply 

; worthwhile. 

Selection problems have been 
caused by the only county match 
that day: Essex v Nonhams, which 
rules out Graham Gooch, Allan 

• lamb and Allan Border. But there 
[is plenty of talent available. 

[ Gower will captain the side. He 

• will definitely have Ian Botham, 
Imran Khan, Greg Matthews, the 
Terpischorean Australian, and 

, Terry Alderman, the crowd con- 
; irol ex pen. 

There have been problems in 
contacting the Indians, but 
■Gower's men are optimistic about 
borrowing Sunil Gavaskar, Ravi 
Shaftri and Kapil Dev from the 
side that will be touring England at 
the time. Answers are expected 
today from New Zealanders Mar- 
. tin Crowe and John Wright. The 
main problem is the wicket 
keeper. Wayne Phillips has, per- 
; haps wisely, given up keeping 
wicket for Australia and said he 
1 would like to play for the Rest of 
the World so long as he didn't 
: keep wicket. So we could have 
; Paul Downton instead, although a 
! controversial choice of young 
; Steven Rhodes is not out of the 

■ question. 

The West Indians will be their 
usual mighty self with the added 
: bonus that the great Give Lloyd 
- might step out of retirement for 
the day. The Rest of the World 
face a task that would make a team 
from Mars quail. 

Boules anglais 

.One of the most testing assign- 
ments in the history of sport has 
been handled with exemplary 
calm by a former schoolmaster 
named T.M. Watson. He has 
written a lucid explanation of how 
the game of cricket iS played — in 
French. He did so at the request of 
Stephen Green, curator of Lord’s 
museum, who is constantly asked 



hslr lunch: 


by French students and by France- 
based English teachers for an 
explanation of the mysteries of the 
game. Watson translates mid-on 
and mid-off as mi-droit and mi- 
gauche, but wisely refrains from 
talking about mi-gauchet fou, or 
the favoured Phil Edmonds field- 
ing position of le square ■ leg 
lotalement insane. His explana- 
tions of technical terms such as 
drive — "un amp forward pour 
attaquer la balle" — are splendidly 
Ifree of nonsense. But I hope it 
[doesn't lead to a French national 
team beating us in Test matches. 
That would be the last straw. 

Sex appeal 

; After a long battle to get itself 
taken seriously, women’s cricket 
has at last found a sponsor who is 
very serious indeed. Uni-Vite 
Nutrition has agreed to sponsor 
this summer's series against In- 
idia — three four-day Tests and 
'three one-dav internationals — to 
the tune of '£30,000. That's cer- 
tainly not a cheap laugh. 

[Having a fling 

The world's first full indoor 
highland games were held over the 
[weekend at Aberdeen conference 
[centre. The only traditional event 
-missing was, understandably, the 
[hammer. It was not an easy event 
'to stage: a reinforced floor and 
protective netting were needed — 
plus a rubber coated caber spe- 
cialty made for the occasion. 

horse won, and with 71b less to 
carry, that might well have been 
possible. It is the jockey’s 
responsibility to weigh out at the 
correct weight, not the clerk of the 
scales. Allowance or no allowance. 
Princess Anne is a splendid rider 
and will certainly be collecting her 
first winner before long. 

Pastures green 

The death Iasi week of Stroller, 
one of the games! horses in 
history, provoked a flood of 
memories and the odd tear across 
the country. A pony who out- 
jumped a generation of towering 
horses, he was ridden throughout 
his career by Marion Coakes, now 
Marion Mould, and for the past 1 5 
years — he lived to the age of 36 — 
had been living in well deserved 
retirement on the Mould family 
form in Hampshire. Stroller’s 
death brings back memories of the 
days when showjumping was in its 
golden age: Anneli Drum mo nd- 
Hay and Merely a Monarch: 1 
Andrew Fielder and Vibart; David 
Broome and Mister Softee; Har- 
vey Smith and Harvester I 

wonder if anyone will ever shed a 
tear for such horses as Sanyo 
Technology and Sanyo Olympic 
Video. I doubt it. 

• This column - the column that 
never tips a winner — test the. 
chance to break its dock because of 1 
its Easter more from Satnrday to 
today. I was all set to tip 
Cambridge in the Boat Race. 

Stroke play 

That annual exercise in facetious- 
ness, the Boat Race pregramme, 
contained its usual fanciful claims 
about the interests and ambitions 
of the crews. From Oxford we 
have Richard Owen (eating pan- 
cakes. suede and nightmares), 
Christopher Dark (hedonistic 
utilitarianism and applied sleep 
research) and Gavin Screaton 
(“his ambition is to be sober for an 
evening”). Cambridge replied 
with John Pritchard's ambition to 
overcome acute introversion and 
misogynistic tendencies, James 
Pew (surfing and chicks) and the 
ambitions of their diminutive cox, 
Carole Burton “to grow tall 
enough to see into her own pigeon 

Holy in one 

Kitrina Douglas, a former Curtis- 
"Cup golfer who now plays on the 
women’s professional circuit, told 
the guests at a recent Christians in: 
Sport dinner that she “found it as 
natural to pray on the golf course 
as in a church”. I imagine that 
England's cricketers are finding it 
as natural to pray on the cricket 
pitch as anywhere else these days. 

Stamping out 

The Soviet bloc boycott of the 
1984 Olympics left the postal 
services of Che communist coun- 
tries with huge stocks of Olympic 
commemorative stamps which 
were apparently destined for the 
incinerator. But the event, which 
became a United States Festival of 
Victory, is at last being celebrated 
behind the Iron Curtain. Poland — 
perhaps because it cannot afford 
to print others - has started 
putting its own issue into the post 
offices. What will happen to the 
offending envelope, I wonder, if a 
Pole wants to write to a comrade 
in Moscow? 

Pounds in 

■ Princess Anne's career as a flat 
race jockey came close to disgrace 
.last week. She weighed out for a 
• race at Newbury, having claimed a 
’ 71b allowance because of her 
Inexperience. It was only shortly 
before sbe mounted that she 
learned she had no right to the 
allowance. She was riding in a 
National Hunt “bumper”, which 
is run under different rules to a 
normal flat race. Hurriedly, she 
weighed out again, this time at the 
correct weight, and then rode Well 
Wisher, which finished like a 
rocket in fourth place. Because her 
horse was placed, she was required 
to weigh in, and had she been 
(bund to be claiming 71b in error 
she would have suffered the 
ignominy of automatic dis- 
qualification. It would have been 
even more embarrassing had the 

UN secretary-general, now presidential ca ndi date; ‘A full account of my life would have been too boring' 

Slipway slip 

Chay Blythe, the round-the-world 
yachtsman, was asked to christen 
a boat for the Infantry Sailing 
Association last week. But the 
specially designed bottle-smashing 
contraption didn't work Blythe 
yanked the bottle free and 
smacked it blithely against the 
bows. In a shower of champagne 
and broken glass, he named the 
boat Bold Warrior. 

Rhyme time 

Are there no great sporting lim- 
ericks? Or just none that are 
printable? I have been reading a 
newly published collection of 
sporting verse called We are the 
Champions and have been struck 
by the poor showing on the 
limerick from. The best of the 
bunch is probably this anonymous 

There was a young lady of 
- ten ice. 

Who used hard boiled eggs to 
play tennis. 

When they said: "It is wrong" 
She replied; "Go along. 

You don't know how prolific my 
hen is . " 

True, this is whimsical rather 
than startling, though it has its 
charms. But surely the talents of 
the entire sporting world could do 
belter. So, to make up for this 
terrible loss, 1 am soliciting exam- 
ples of the sporting limerick. I 
don’t insist on originality: just 
printability. A fiver for every one 



THE ^ V* T 

Test \ 

are y ipi 

T t was a glance by a mildly 
curious archivist in Wash- 
's ington at the widely available 
li Allied list of wanted Nazi 
war criminals ten days ago 
which overnight transformed the 
World Jewish Congress’s 
opportunistic campaign against 
Dr Kurt Waldheim into a set of 
serious allegations that 
now embraces senior government 
officials in Washington, Belgrade 
and Athens. Unmistakably, the 
former UN secretary general had, 
rightly or wrongly, been listed in 
1948 as wanted for murders 
committed during the Second 
World War. 

News of the archivist's discov- 
ery prompted Yugoslav officials to 
unearth a thick, long forgotten file 
which makes allegations of “mur- 
der and slaughter”. Hitherto, the 
67-year-old Austrian had suffered 
only malicious lampooning as a 
would-be emperor, “looking and 
behaving like a head waiter — the 
only man who could bend over 
backwards and forwards at the 
same lime”. 

For three weeks Waldheim had 
successfully protected his meticu- 
lously cultivated image as a ser- 
vant of peace against charges of 
taking part in the Nazi deporta- 
tion of 42,830 Greek Jews from 
Salonika to the Auschwitz exter- 
mination camp. Paralysed by his 
stubborn protestations of inno- 
cence that as a former Wehnnacht 
lieutenant be was “not even 
aware" of the event, the World 
Jewish Congress in New York 
despaired. Then, abruptly, it was 
given an opportunity loswiich 

Last week. Professor Robert 
Herzstein. an historian appointed 
by the WJC, discovered in the 
Washington archives the volu- 
minous divisional history of the 
Wehimacht's 714th In fen try Di- 
vision. An entry written in late 
1942 describes “Operation 
Kozara”, an anti-partisan sweep 
that summer across the mountain- 
ous Yugoslav countryside as a 
“liquidation operation" against 
“Untermenschen" (sub-humans), 
many of whom agonizingly im- 
paled themselves on barbed wire 
rather than be captured alive. 
Waldheim's name was on the' 
divisional flow chart of respon- 
sibilities for that operation as an 
intelligence lieutenant in “03”, a 
branch of the overall intelligence 
division. 1 c/AO. “03” was as- 
signed “special' tasks”. On the 
surface it seems that Waldheim, 
although only a lieutenant, was 
chief of an interrogation branch. 

The crux of the new allegations 
•is that between July 1942 and 
Christmas 1944 Waldheim was a 
“senior” Wehrmacht intelligence 
officer in Army Group E, a 
300,000-strong force under Gen- 
eral Alexander Lohr whose head- 
quarters in Salonika directed 
routine searcb-and-destroy opera- 
tions. Waldheim allegedly played 
apart in the merciless massacre of 
thousands of Yugoslav partisans 
and their families. Twice daily he 
is suppposed to have compiled 
“activity reports" for the chiefs of 
the general staff, based on raw 
intelligence, data from interroga- 

Waldheim: the 
hunt starts 

for witnesses 

lions of captured partisans. More 
incrirainatingly, during opera- 
tions, Waldheim was apparently 
present at the inquisitions. In 
1947, General Lohr was executed 
by the Yugoslav government for 
crimes committed during those 

Until four weeks ago Waldheim 
had deliberately concealed his 
wartime activities. In his auto- 
biography, published last year, he 
told how, -after bang wounded in 
Russia in December 1941, he was 
demobilized and completed his 
legal studies. Implicitly, he sug- 
gested non-involvement in the 
Nazi horrors. Asked on American 
television recently to explain the 
omission, he insisted that a full 
account of his life would have 
been “too boring”. The true 
reason may well have been dif- 

The lame divisional history 
records that three officers, as 
acknowledgement for their special 
services during “Operation 
Kozara”, were singled out for 
praise by Ante Pavalic, the Cro- 
atian genocidal leader. The three, 
awarded the Zvonimir medal in 
silver and with oak leaves, were 
cited as earning recognition “un- 
der enemy fire”. Waldheim was 
one of those rewarded. The 
contemporary record dearly re- 
futes his current explanation that 
thousands of medals were handed 
out like valueless confetti by the 
tinpot dictator 

P hotographic evidence 
places Waldheim on May 
22 1943 on the Albanian 
border alongside General 
Artur Phelps, comman- 
der of the 7th SS Volunteer 
Division during “Operation 
Schwarz", another big and in- 
evitably ruthless anti-partisan 
hunt. Waldheim has repeatedly 
insisted that be was only an 
interpreter. The documents record 
him as an interrogator and an 
intelligence officer, a responsibil- 
ity which, despite his d en i al s, he 
apparently fulfilled until the end 
of 1944. The lengthening list of 
incriminating contradictions is, 
his detractors claim, exposing a 
systematic cover-up. 

The question now is whether 
the new evidence of Waldheim’s 
anti-partisan activities under- 
mines his denial of any participa- 
tion or even knowledge of the 
Jewish deportations. At issue are 
his whereabouts during the ten 
weeks immediately prior to “Op- 
eration Schwarz”. In February 
1943, using elaborate deception, 
hand-picked SS emissaries des- 
patched by Adolf Eichmann had 
convinced Jewish leaders in Sa- 
lonika about the advantages of 

“resettling” the ir flock in Poland. 
In March 1943 German army 
trains, provided by General Loin’s 
headquarters, began to transport 
about 2,000 Jews every day to 
their deaths. By May, the ghettos 
around Salonika had been ef- 
ficiently emptied. 

One of the SS officers respon- 
sible, Alois Brunner, today lives as 
a fhgitive in Syria but is unavail- 
able to explain whether, during the 
operation, an alert intelligence 
officer at Lohr's headquarters 
would have heard about the 
controlled movement in wartime 
of thousands of local people. 

Four weeks ago, when reminded 
about the deportations, Wald- 
heim's reaction was particularly 
puzzling: “I regret these things 
most deeply”, be said into a tape 
recorder, “but I have to repeat that 
it is really the first time that 1 hear 
that such things happened. I never 
heard or learned anything of this 
while 1 was there ” His sponta- 
neous protestation of innocence 
about that episode in the Holo- 
caust was made before he realized 
what secrets the archives in Bel- 
grade and Washington contained. 

Since then he has questioned 
the motives of those who have 
belatedly produced this “felse 
record” claiming that every na- 
tional security agency must have 
investigated and cleared him be- 
fore tbeir governments ratified his 
UN appoin tment . The answer is 
that the allegations against him are 
undoubtedly motivated; but that 
it is unlikely that any agency in the 
West, including Israel carried out 
more than a cursory check. 

The motivation for the current 
campaign is unmistaJoeable. Eli 
Rosenbaum, the youthful general 
counsel of the World Jewish 
Congress, unashamedly seized the 
evidence against Waldheim in the 
hope of preventing his election as 
Austrian president in May. 
Rosenbaum recently arrived at the 
WJC from the US Department of 
Justice, flush with the. success of 
forcing the highly decorated Ger- 
man rocket scientist, Arthur Ru- 
dolph, to renounce his American 
citizenship and return to Germany 
amid allegations of war crimes. 
Rosenbaum has become an estab- 
lished Nazi hunter, inheriting the 
mantle from the aging Simon 
Wiesenthal who has until now 
endorsed the innocence of Wald- 
heim. a fellow countryman. 

Wiesenthal’s discomforture that 
Dr Josef Mengele was not discov- 
ered alive and well in Paraguay, 
but dead and buried in Brazil, 
reconfirmed that the victims of 
Nazism have been astonishingly 
unable and even unwilling to 
pursue their persecutors for more 
than a brief period after 1943. The 

Yugoslav case against Waldheim 
was similarly marooned. Hence 
the long delay before the case was 

After Germany’s defeat, the 
British and American military 
governors willingly extradited to 
Yugoslavia those named by the 
Belgrade government as war crim- 
inals. By mid- 1 946 the Allies had 
received many reports that those 
extradited were being executed 
without fair triaL As East-West 
tension grew, farther Yugoslav 
requests were denied, although 
known war criminals were living 
in the western zones of Germany. 

Frustrated, the Belgrade govern- 
ment charged innumerable Ger- 
man officers who had served in 
Yugoslavia with murder and reg- 
istered their accusations with the 
Allied war crimes agency. Crow- 
cass. In their absence, most of 
those listed were summarily tried 
and condemned to death. In the 
turbulence of postwar Europe, and 
especially the transition of Yugo- 
slavia from occupation to a Stalin- 
ist and then Titoist nation, the 
pursuit of Nazi war criminals soon 
became haphazard. Until now, 
Waldheim's records were blessed 
with the fete common to all: 
forgotten and abandoned in a 
government warehouse. 

T hroughout Waldheim's 
tenure at the United 
Nations, requests were 
made by Jewish groups 
to American security 
and intelligence agencies to in- 
vestigate his wartime activities. 
Consistently, the checks proved 
negative. The latest was Rosen- 
baum's own urgem request to the . 
US army five weeks ago. While 
Waldheim insists that the vacuum 
proves his innocence, others pos- 
tulate a myriad of posable 
conspiracies. The probable truth is 
that because Waldheim does not 
feature in the surviving SS and 
Nazi Party records, and because 
he had successfully concealed his 
post-1941 activities, there was 
nowhere for an uninitiated in- 
vestigator to begin the search. 

In the run-up to the Austrian 
election, Waldheim's fete depends 
upon the determination and suc- 
cess of Rosenbaum and the 
American. Yugoslav and Greek 
governments to find convincing 
eyewitnesses to those awkward 
missing years. Incriminating tes- 
timony might possibly sway an 
electorate which has drown a 
marked appetite for forgetting 
their nation's wartime crimes. 

Others will ponder bow dif- 
ferent the course of history might 
have been had it been known that 
the UN chief when dealing with 
international terrorism and war- 
fore in Vietnam and the Middle 
East, had himself served as an 
interrogation officer in one of the 
'more ruthless campaigns of the 
Second World War. 

If Austrian voters turn a blind 
eye to the allegations and elect 
him, their snub to world opinion 
could backfire. Waldheim’s critics 
are determined to impose a bar on 
his future entry into the United 
States — an ig nominious punish- 
ment for a world leader. 

© Ttnxn H—npa pf, 1W8. 

Anne Sofer 

A view from the scaffold 


Cartoons by Barry farms* 

So it’s ail over. The wicked witch 
across the water, having stamped 
her foot and made her shrill 
demand, the GLC and all its 
works disappear in a puff of smoke 
at midnight tonight. We are told- 
that that puff of smoke will be the 
most outrageously expensive, the 
most cheekily subversive, and 
quite the noisiest that London has 
ever known — accompanied. I 
hope by the emptying of County 
Hall's famous cellar. None the less 
that will indeed be the end. 

Tomorrow the London Residu- 
ary Body takes over. Its members 
seem to be a thoroughly dreary 
lot — real killjoys. The first thing 
they have done is to close tbe 
members' bar and restaurant to 
the surviving members of the 
ILEA who are still perforce, using 
County Hall. They have slopped 
all use of the building in the 
evenings and at weekends. They 
are trying to close the members' 
car park and ceremonial entrance 
as well, though we are hoping the 
fire brigade will insist that it stays 
ojren. They also appear to have 
initiated a thorough survey of 
every nook and cranny of the 
budding, no doubt to assist in the 
forthcoming auction. One of my 
colleagues was startled to en- 
counter on bis entrance to the 
men's lavatory the other day a 
photographer with tripod and 
hooded camera aimed at the 

Tbe last two weeks have been 
full of tired and emotional fare- 
wells — and speeches. God, how 
many speeches! I have had to 
make a few myself. It has been 
amazing how thoroughly con- 
ventional even the very bastion of 
icouoclasm became as it ap- 
proached its end. In voices 
shaking with sincere emotion we 

have celebrated a comradeship, 
constructive co-operation and the 
selfless dedication we have all 
practised these last five years. We 
have cut cakes and presented one 
another with bouquets. We have 
minted a whole treasury of new 
badges and given them to our- 
selves. My favourite, which bears 
an uncommon likeness to my old 
school prefect's badge, is from the 
Women’s Committee. “Work for 
Women in London” it says. 
There's a testimonial. 

Our final meeting, in the domed 
and columned council chamber 
which Herbert Morrison judged 
appropriate for London's elected 
assembly, was a magnificent af- 
fair. We had a procession of robed 
mayors preceded bjr their maces 
(and no one was unkind enough to 
point out that the Mayor of 
Lambeth, at its head, was in foci 
the ex-mayor, having resigned the 
day before in the latest exciting 
chapter of events in that most 
political of all boroughs). We had 
a gallery of distinguished visitors, 
with County HalTs skilled cer- 
emonial staff tactfully placing 
Tony Benn and Neil Kinnock at 
some distance from each other. 
We had flowers and television 
lights and formal speeches which 
gave evidence of much scanning 
of the sections on “Death" and 
“Government” in the Oxford 
Book of Aphorisms. 

We even had some politics. The 
left tried to move the adjournment 
of the council in order to draw 
attention to... but we never 
found out what some said it was 
the Lambeth surcharges, others 
the plight of Irish women t pris- 
orrers. There was a constitutional 
skirmish, and not enough mem- 
bers rose in their places to support 
the speaker, who therefore had to 

sit down. At which the rotund and 
irrepressible Charlie Rossi my 
neighbour from St P&ncras South 
(born in Naples, brought up in tbe 
Gorbals) leapt to his feet shouting, 
“Where are all the lefties now?” 
and stormed out of the chamber 
(though be came back through 
another door some moments 
later). We all laughed and cheered 
and jeered and booed, and felt 
more our normal selves again 
while tbe distinguished visitors 
smiled pained smiles and thought 
their own thoughts (starting, no 
doubt, with “No wonder . . .’i 

What will the verdict of history 
be? On the left a whole mythology 
is developing that the GLC has 
been the living proof of the 
popularity and vitality of the new 
socialism. It is presented as the 
way forward between the tired old 
authoritarian male-dominated, 
dreariness of the right and tbe 
hard-feced and secretive demo- 
cratic centralism of Militant and 
the ultra-Left. It is young, exciting, 
irreverent, open; it has “spoken 
for the first time" to women, gays, 
blacks, etc, etc, etc. If you read the 
left-wing press you will have 
become familiar with the whole, 
repetitive litany by now. 

It is a view of life which 
emphasizes style, language and 
image for more than specific 
actions. I have sat in innum erable 
committees over the last few years 
intensively engaged in a collective 
act of setfdeception. They per- 
suade themselves that having 
commissioned a huge report on, 
say, women's housing needs or a 
financial strategy for London, and 
having pretended to have read it, 
they have actually achieved some- 
thing. In this atmosphere it be- 
comes far more important to 
introduce non-sexist language into 

committee reports than to see that 
any individual woman has "her 
roof repaired. And perhaps, in the 
long view of tbe political theorists 
of tbe left it is. 

But what those who see the last 
five years at County Hall as a huge 
socialist success and blueprint for 
tbe future foil to grasp is that the 
GLC, by the end, in fact did very 
tittle except give away money and 
promote itself- a. view of the 
function of government curiously 
dose to that of Nigel Lawson. It 
did not have to answer for the 
organization of any imporotanl 
service, except transport, and that 
was taken away before abolition. 
It did not — it could not - inter- 
vene in any meaningful way in the 
economy of London. It did not 
bear responsibility for any final 
planning decisions. It was not 
called upon to implement any of 
its grand designs. It was, in this 
sense, toothless. And yet in this 
age of mass communication it 
proved that even paper tigers have 
daws and teeth, 

Tbe tragedy of what has hap-, 
pened is that from 1980 onwards it 
was dear that London govern- 
ment needed reform. There are 
strategic functions, many of the 
unglamorous ones now being frag- 
mented in the post-abolition 
chaos, but also p lanning and 
transport which have never been 
under an integrated and unified 
control Mrs Thatcher, by setting 
her face against the road of 
consensus ana reform, and choos- 
ing the bludgeon instead, has 
created heroes and martyrs, myth . 
and legend, that will haunt both 
her and the future of London 
government for years to come. 

The author was, until today, SDP 
member of the GLC for St Paneras 

was Sofia 

X^cqnittal at tbe 
three Bulgarians and three Tcrfe- 
charged with befog invobedui the 
attempt to assassin^ the 
a bitter moment for the more 
idealistic members of the Italian 
judiciary. They had hopedttettbe 
stew-moving machinery of Italis® 

of notes collected in nearly 
years of investigation. They failed 
for lack of evidence. But their case 
was doomed from the b eg i nning- 
Mach of the evidence for the 
alleged plot in rafting the Bator- 
.Jan secret services rested on the 
testimony at Mehmet Ah Agra* 
the Turk who severely wounded 
the Pope oa May 13, 1981- Dunn® 
the trial ho destroyed his credibil- 
ity in Ms opening statement when 
be claimed to be the reincarnation 
of Jesus Christ. 

Subsequently, according to tire 
lawyer defending Sergei Antonov, 
Ae only Bulgarian actually in 
custody, AB Agca gave 102 dif- 
ferent versions of the “Bttteaiian 
connection" and withdrew 59. 

The group of investigators who 
conducted the third inquiry into 
the background to the assassina- 
tion attempt said they found many 
doors dosed to them in many 
countries. They even fed that the 
Vatican knows more than it is 
giving away. 

« » 

Following through a 
conspiracy theory 

- The beginning of the case was 
simple enough. Mehmet AH Agca 
fired at the Pope in the coarse of a 
general audience in St Peter’s 
Square and very oearty killed him. 
Therewas no doobt aboto his gmlt 
Within two months he was tried 
and sentenced to life imprison- 
ment, with a year of absolute 
solitary confinement. 

So far so good; but in sentencing 

Agca the corat referred to a 
conspiracy. The Vatican toe pub- 
licly questioned whether more 
than one person might not have 
.been involved. So a second inquiry 
was opened 'to decide whether 
[there was a conspiracy and, if 
there was, who the conspirators 
might be. 

Hus .inquiry was entrusted to 
Dario Martella, one of the Rome 
judiciary’s most experienced in- 
vestigating judges. The result of 
his work was the indictment of 
eight people, five Turks and three 

, In tbe coarse of the trial one of 
the Turks, Bekir Cefenk/died in 
Turkey (some say he was mur- 
dered on orders from Bulgaria). Of 
the three Bulgarians, two were 
former members of the Bulgarian 
embassy in Rome who had gone 
hack to Bulgaria. The third was 
Sergei Antonov, a Bulgarian air- 
line official who was still at his 
post hi Rome when he was arrested 
jin November 1982. 

The Turkish defendants be- 
longed to, or were connected with, 
the Grey Wolves movement, de- 
scribed by Italian investigators as 
a right-wing terrorist organization 
with bases throughout Europe 
which lives from drug trafficking. 
AH Agca churned membership of 
tire movement from the beginning 
and, in fact, some of his more 
amvindng statements in toe court- 
room came when be talked about 
his own circle of Grey Wolves. The 
third inquiry also shows the Grey 
Wolves to be a formidable 

AH Agca himself came back into 
the courtroom as a witness after an 
absence of three months to add to 
the public prosecutor's report a 
brief description of his own mo- 
tives which, be pointed out, the 
prosecutor had failed to mention. 

He said: “I carried out the 
attempt against the Five because I 
was against him as the symbol of 
the western world and of 
Christianity, which has oppressed 
all the peoples of the world." That 
is probably as explicit an account 
we shall ever have of his real 
motive. . - • 

‘Name Bulgaria and 
yon will go free’ 

The only person to whom he 
might have said more is the Pope 
himself, who took tbe questio nable 
step of meeting his “toother" in 
prisma. What transpired has never 
been made public. We do know, 
however, that the Pope has ex- 
pressed to a group of Bulgarians 
his hope that their country would 
not be seen to have been involved 
in shooting him. 

So where did the Bulgarian 
Connection' crane into the affair? 
According to Antonov's counsel 
Ali Agca had been visited in prison 
by members of the Italian secret 
services and told to implicate the 
Bulgarians in return for an even- 
tual pardon. Dario Maitella had 
made what many see as a mtoah 
by giving die secret services 
permission to see him. 

Investigators who believed in 
the connection said they were 
dealing with other cases of es- 
pionage involving Bulgarians and 
these inquiries helped make AD 
Agca's testimony seem more reli- 
able. And it should be added that 
there was an extraordinary desire 
among many people to believe in 
the connection, whatever the na- 
ture of the evidence. 

It might, of corase, still be true; 
although the one Bulgarian raider 
arrest looked the least likely of all 
the defendants to he involved in 
any large-scale conspiracy. 

Peter Nichols 

^■4 XU-*’ j 



iv % 

Vi ^1' 



1 Pennington Street, London El 9DD Telephone: 01-481 4100 


■ *rv Cowling’s Law, distilled from 
the -political works of Mr 
Maurice Cowling of 
~ Pelerhouse. Cambridge* holds 
" that all politics is about the 

- v next by-election. That is not a 

test , which, when examined 
N ! retrospectively, seems al- 
together prudent. Too many 
by-elections in the 60s and 7tis 
> heralded liberal election break- 
• throughs which foiled to occur. 

J >^S Too many mid-term by-elec- 

- I dons - since 1945 have pro- 

dieted massive government 
*■- , .'“■aft. defeats which, in the sub- 
'« " sequent general elections were 
XI transformed into narrow de- 
feats or even into substantial 

. Despite their inadequacy as, 

g methods of prediction, by- 
elections nonetheless exercise 
a real sw$y over the imagina- 
tion of- politicians in two sets 
,, * - 1 .of orcumstances: when an 

.../ election is approaching and 
" when a government is weak- 

. .?'-/'■% ened. by setbacks. Thus it is 
-V^b that in the post- Westland 

- -*,s political landscape, 
,*■■1 Westminster's attention is 

-■=1 ,3 fixed on Fulham. 

' • “ s Nervous Tory backbenchers 
■- — . and hopeful opposition 
_ _ spokesmen alike feel that it 
iv will pass an important judge- 
meat on matters as various as 
‘ the Budget, the foilure of the 
, . ; General Motors-British Ley- 
; ’ land deal, the programme of 
' 'f privatization, the electoral ap- 
peal of “people's capitalism" 
and the future of the Prime 
■ Minister. 

.-:7, Such calculations provide 
• - short-term entertainment for 
• t-j the pundits but in the longer 
‘ - term they are mostly frivolous. 
The. substantial underlying 
- 7 strengths of the Government 
*’ '5* are too easily forgotten; the 
^ ; control of public spending, the 
.. . ' 7. prospects for further tax cuts, 

- ; >7; the feet that the world econ- 

omy, stimulated by cheap oil, 
>* f j* should enjoy a period of 
growth that coincides neatly 

- - • 2 with the period — possibly two 

- - - years — between now and the 
c - general election. 

• r - :* ‘ • The Government retains an 
.7. overwhelming Commons 

almost suicidaQy so. Rumours 
of the Prime Minister’s demise 
have been greatly exaggerated. 
The fortunes of major innova- 
tions like privatization will be 
determined by more substan- 
tial considerations than the 
result of one by-election. 

“ In properly judging the 
Government’s prospects how- 
ever, an important distinction 
can be made between the 
Prime Minister and her party. 
To judge from her brisk and 
effective dismissal last week of 
the charges that she had en- 
gaged in improper share deal- 
ing, and from her thoughtful 
interview in this newspaper, 
Mrs Thatcher has run short of 
neither confidence nor ideas. 
She remains the radical, even 
populist, outsider who has 
broadened the social base of 
her party with policies like 
selling council houses, main- 
tained' the identification of 
Conservatism with the na- 
tional interest by defending 
Britain's interests abroad more 
vigorously than her recent 
predecessor, and subjected na- 
tional institutions from trade 
unions to nationalized in- 
dustries to major reforming 

Anthony Hartley points out 
in the current edition of En- 
counter that, in two of these 
three achievements, she is 
faithful to the Conservative 
tradition established by an- 
other populist outsider, Benja- 
min Disraeli. Where she 
differs from Disraeli is in her 
unsentimental willingness to 
reform established, institu- 
tions. But this difference 
surely lies more in the con- 
dition of Britain than in any 
sharp divergence of philosphy. 
Disraeli held office before the 
relative economic decline of 
Britain in comparison to the 
United States and Germany 
had seriously set in. Mrs 
Thatcher arrived just ahead of 
a crisis of economic adjust- 
ment which 30 years of infla- 
tion had fostered. . 

No political leader could 
have tacked that oblique leg- 
acy without arousing hostile 

majority. Its opponents are passions amongst her own 
fractions — in Labour^ case supporters.' Fat institutions do" 



Norman Fowler, Secretary bf- 
State- for Social Services, de- 
serves three out of ten for last 
week’s voluntary agreement 
whh the tobacco industry on 
advertising. It is now up to Mr 
Dick Tracey, the Minister for 
Sport, to do better. Negotia- 
tions oyer his agreement with 
the industry over sports 
sponsorship have still to be 
completed. Sports sponsorship 
is one of the many ways the 
tobacco industry effectively 
circumvents the agreements it 
solemnly makes with govern- 
ment over advertising, and 
one of the ways it does so most 

The advertising agreement 
prohibits the linking of smok- 
ing to healthy outdoor scenes, 
sporting success, or heroes of 
the" young. Yet last year the 
number of hours of tobacco 
sponsored sport that were 
televised rose from 332 in 
1984 to 363 with brands names 
. such as Embassy, Benson amd 
Hedges, John Player Special, 
Rothmans, Silk Cut and Marl- 
boro linked on the screen to 
just those images through 
snooker, tennis, rugby, motor 
racing and cricket. 

It is twenty years since 
television advertising of ciga- 
rettes was banned, yet year in 
and year out cigarette brand 
names receive hours of tele- 
vision exposure. It is small 
wonder that a government 
sponsored survey amongst 
children showed that three 
quartets of them believed they 
had seen cigarettes advertised . 
on television. 

Mr Tracey’s ideal course 
would be to insist, over a 
period of say three years, that 
tobacco sponsorship of sport 
was phased out. But if he will 
not do that there are. signifi- 
cant steps he could take to 
ensure that the £10 million a 

Victims of crime 

From the Chairman of the Crim- 
inal Injuries Compensation Board 
Sir, When writing of problems 
concerning compensation orders 
for victims of crimes of violence 
John Spencer (feature, March 5) 
did not mention that some mag- 
istrates seem .reluctant to make 
such orders. 

• „ No one expects an order to be 
made if the offender has not-the 
means to pay. However; I read 
case after tarn in which there is no 
suggestion that the victim was 
blameworthy, the nature of the 

year the industry puts into 
sports sponsorship produces a 
lesser return in terms of 
maintaining a favourable im- 
age for a habit that kills about 
one in four of those who- 
smoke 20 a day. 

He should, at least, ensure 
that advertisements for to- 
bacco sponsored events com- 
ply with the ordinary 
advertising agreement He 
also needs to go much further.' 

The existing agreement rules 
out “freeze-frame” shots in 
televised tobacco-sponsored 
events. Yet tennis players 
serving and snooker players 
cueing are shown night after 
night on television against 
either brand-name advertise- 
ments or hoardings bearing the 
name of the event 

The wording of existing 
rules needs to - be tightened. 
For example in the Benson 
and Hedges Tennis the brand 
name was placed on the score- 
board and all over the 
umpire's chair so as to be 
regularly in shot The existing 
rules prohibit brand names on 
items such as cricket score- 
boards and officials and their 
equipment But Gallaher ar- 
gued that a tennis scoreboard 
was not a cricket scoreboard 
and tennis umpires, unlike 
cricket umpires, did not form 
part of the action. 

The placing and numbers of 
permitted advertisements and 
event names thus needs to be 
further restricted. If a product 
which destroys health is to 
continue to be allowed to 
promote healthy and glam- 
orous activities, event names 
and advertisements should 
cease to be placed in positions 
where the cameras regularly 
cover them. 

To ensure compliance a 
genuinely independent 
committee (unlike that created 

injury is known at the date of trial 
and the offender has been fined a 
substantial sum, but no 
compensation order has been 

I suspect that some magistrates 
may not realise that the Criminal 
Injuries Compensation Board can- 
not pay any compensation unless 
the victim's injuries would attract 
an award, of £400 or more. Such 
victims remain uncompensated if 
no compensation order is made by 
the court. - 

It is now-'over three years .since 
magistrates were given increased 

by Mr Fowler to oversee the 
advertising agreement which 
will consist half of civil ser- 
vants and half of industry 
representatives) should be set 
up. It should be able to 
take effectivelyto task not just 
the industry when it bends or 
breaks the rules, but also the 
broadcasters, most notably the 
BBC which televises the lion’s 
share of tobacco company 
sport and seems notably reluc- 
tant to ensure that the sponsor- 
ship code is honoured. It 
should publish reports of each 
breach at the time and an 
annual report 
Such firm action is needed 
because sport is being used to 
circumvent other advertising 
restrictions and because Mr 
Fowler’s agreement with the 
industry foils to tackle yet 
more areas where the advertis- 
ing agreement is circum- 
vented. Nothing has been 
done, for example, to stop the 
industry diversifying into 
brand-name leisure wear, 
adventure and skiing holidays 
which Hnk cigarettes to images 
of the good life that the 
advertising code prohibits in 

The new health warnings are 
welcome as is the limited 
impact the ban on cinema 
advertising will have. But to 
stipulate, as Mr Fowler’s 
agreement does, that give- 
aways for children at tobacco ; 
sponsored events such as the 
Marlboro roadshow and Peter 
Stuyvesant airshow should no 
longer carry brand names or j 
logos is to admit that compa- ; 
nies have been aiming the ; 
message at young people, ! 
whatever the public denials. 
The industry will continue to 
do so through sport unless Mr 
Tracey does better than Mr 

powers to make compensation 
orders; it is rather depressing that 
some magistrates seem not to be 
using these powers. It is also very 
puzzling, because I cannot see that 
it makes any difference to the 
magistrates if . a compensation 
order is made instead of or in 
addition to, a fine. 

Yours faithfully, 

Criminal Injuries Compensation 

Whittington House. 

19 Alfred Place, WCI. 

March 19. 

Facts on Irish extradition law 

not enjoy being prodded with a 
sharp stick. But the Prime 
Minister had the necessary 

With the job only half done, 
however, the question is raised 
by recent events if the Conser- 
vative Party has the necessary 
stomach to carry through the 
other half Since Westland 
sapped the Conservative 
nerve, the Government has 
abandoned a number of forth- 
right positions it had pre- 
viously expended considerable 
political capital to defend. 

Having declared that the 
exclusion of trade unions from 
GCHQ at Cheltenham was 
essential to national security, 
and having won the point 
through several exhausting 
court battles. Sir Geoffrey 
Howe quietly abandoned it 
without explanation a fort- 
night ago. 

In response to the move of 
witless, self-destructive jingo- 
ism on the Tory backbenchers 
aided by cynical jingoism from 
the Labour ftontbench, the 
Cabinet withdrew from deals 
with both Ford and General 
Motors which, between them 
would have assured a future 
(otherwise very doubtful) for ' 
the British car industry and 
lifted a heavy burden of finan- 
cial subsidy from the tax 
payer. The Transport Sec- 
retary has postponed the 
privatization of British Air- 
ways. And, this weekend, the 
Home Secretary is wondering 
whether or not to abandon an 
overdue reform of Sunday 
trading laws in deference to a 
bizarre alliance of trade unions 
and Sabbatarian fundamental- 

What this catalogue prom- 
ises for the future is a govern- 
ment of soothing inactivity. 
This may present a pleasing 
aesthetic appearance to Mr 
John Bififen or the agreeable 
prospect of a quiet life to the 
chief whip. But it is not in the 
national interest It is not to 
the Prime Minister’s own 
taste. And it is not necessary to 
the success of the Conser- 
vative' Party rather. 

From Mr Gerard Hogan 
Sir, It might be better if those who 
stepped in to criticise the actions 
of the Irish courts in the wake of 
the Glenholmes affair brushed up 
on their knowledge of Irish crim- 
inal procedure — a system of 
criminal procedure which in many 
ways differs fundamentally from 
that prevailing m the United 

It may, of course, be true to say 
(as Mr Ivor Stan brook has pointed 
out) that a British Court would 
have been prepared to grant a 
further adjournment in the 
circumstances of Ms Glenholmes* 
case, but then such a court is not 
operating within the confines of a 
written constitution containing 
entrenched civil liberties guar- 

The plain fact of the matter is 
that once the extradition warrants 
were shown to be defective. Ms 
Glenholmes was no longer in legal 
custody and the District Court was 
obliged by the terms of Article 40 
of the Irish Constitution to order 
her immediate release. And, as the 
Irish Supreme Court has pointed 
out on many occasions, such a 
release must be “unqualified and 

In other words, the Irish courts 
have no power to order the re- 
arrest of a person whose release 
has just been ordered, nor do they 
possess a jurisdiction to order a 
remand in custody of a person on 
the basis of documents (such as an 
extradition wanant) which are not 
before the court. 

Two Amber points deserve to 
be made. First, it is difficult to 
understand Mr Hurd's suggestion 
that the defects in the warrant 
caused “unforeseen difficulties”. 
The attitude of the Irish Supreme 
Courts was made quite dear by Mr 
Justice McCarthy in McMahon v. 
Leahy (1985) Irish law Reports 
Monthly 422 (another defective 
warrants case): 

Where the liberty of any person is 
concerned; where a valid arrest is 
fundamental to the validity of the 
proceedings; where sweeping powers 
are given to the police of both 
jurisdictions. I am not prepared to 
overlook [a]) careless approach and 
lack of attention to detail . . Narrow 
though this approach may be, the 
insistence on strict compliance with 
all the requirements of the exercise 
of statutory powers is a fundamental 
feature of our jurisprudence; it is the 
duty of the superior coons 10 ensure 
such vigilance: 

finally, a series of recent de- 
cisions of the Irish High and 
Supreme Courts give lie 10 the 
suggestion that our courts are not 
willing to extradite in politically 
sensitive cases. For example, in 
MqgtflrevJ&fl/ie (Supreme Court, 
July 31, 1985) the court reaffirmed 
its recently established principle 
that -members of illegal 
organisations committed to the 
disestablishment of the Constitu- 

Rents reform 

From Ms S. J. Cornish 
Sir, John Patten (“Time to reform 
rent law”, February 28) urges 
reform in rented housing generally 
and in tenants' rights particularly. 
To achieve this he declares that 
landlords should behave respon- 
sibly and tenants participate in 

His argument fails on this point: . 
landlords and tenants are not of 
equal bargaining power. Demand 
exceeds supply, and always has 
done — even before the Rent Acts. 
This was the reason why protec- 
tion was required 35 years ago, 
and is still required today. Land- 
lords are also at an advantage in 
being (generally) better edu c ated, 
better organised and better in- 

Water for sale 

From Lady Cook 
Sir, I was appalled to read in 
yesterday’s paper (report, March 
24) the Government's proposed 
rape of the water authorities, 
presumably to secure themselves 
money for “vote-buying” tactics 
before the next election. 

Why, if there is so much money 
in the water industry, has it not 
been used long since to renew the 
crumbling sewerage system and 
other needy parts of the infrastruc- 
ture? Why have we no co- 
ordinated system of water 
authority administration so that 
in times of drought or other 
disaster, money and resources 
from unaffected areas can be 
tapped to help those in diffi- 
culties? And, of course, why is 
there a different charge for water 
from one authority to another. 
Yours faithfully, 

V. E. COOK, 

15A Knowlc Road, 

Budleigh Salterton, Devon, 

March 25. 

From Mr David Arthur 
Sir, Your Political Reporter writes 
on the “income” to be raised by 
the Chancellor from the sale of 
water boards. Your Economics 

Children in care 

From Mr G. Godfrey-Isaacs 
Sir, I wish to add my support to 
the letter from Mr Louis Blom- 
Cooper,QC (March 19). I wonder 
if Mr Dennis Walters,MP, has 
seen a juvenile court in action and 
whether he is aware of the 
pressures on us. 

We, who deal with care cases in 
the first instance, hear almost' 
without exception that the local 
authorities see their first duty as 
the rehabilitation of the child and 
family rather than any other long 
term alternatives. 

We know when cases come back 
of the dedicated way in which this 

has been pursued - trial periods at 

home, case conferences held, sup- 
port provided in helping the 
family budget, clearing debts, 
providing home helps, the endless 

tion by force of arms cannot claim 
the benefit of the “political 
offence” exception contained in 
our extradition legislation. 

Yours faithfuliv. 


University of Dublin 
School of Law. 

Arts Building. 

Trinity College. Dublin. 

March 25. 

From the Principal and Vice 
Chancellor of the University of St 

Sir, It has been suggested that Irish 
judges were without precedent in 
looking so narrowiv at the warrant 
in the case of Evelyn Glenholmes, 
but judges since the 17ib century 
have always been careful to the 
point of pedantry' in cases involv- 
ing the liberty of the person. On 
April 27, 1768. the great judge. 
Lord Mansfield, cancelled the 
outlawry of the most dangerous 
agitator' of ihe time. John Wilkes, 
on the ground that the writ for it 
had been made “at the County 
Court for the County of 
Middlesex” instead of “at the 
County Court of Middlesex for the 
County of Middlesex”. 

Thai slip of the pen seems less 
serious than our bungling in the 
extradition case. 

Yours faithfully. 


Principal and Vice-Chancellor. 
University of St Andrews, 

College Gate, 

North Street, 

St Andrews. Fife. 

March 26. 

From Mr John Phipps 
Sir. With reference to the 
Glenholmes “blunder” (report. 
March 24) the issue of arrest 
warrants is the responsibility of 
the magistrate — normally with 
the assistance of his clerk — before 
whom the required information 
has been sworn. The responsibility 
of the DPP, when he is the 
informant, is surely limited to 
seeing that the contents of the 
information are true to the best of 
his knowledge; similarly when a 
police officer or any other person 
is the informant 

It is for the magistrate and his 
clerk to see that no warrant is 
issued on the former's authority, 
unless the information on which 
that wanant is based has been 
sworn, justifies the issue of a 

The DPP or other informant 
cannot normally be blamed for the 
failure of the magistrate to require 
the infoimation to be sworn 
before him. 

Yours truly, 


St Giles, 



East Sussex. 

March 25. 

In any case, I am not sure that 
the Government ought to 
encourage landlords into the mar- 
ket by returning, albeit step-by- 
step, to the situation in which 
landlords are able to evict tenants 
and charge a “market" rent which 
tramples ihe weakest, poorest 
people to the bottom of the pile. 

If the Government wants to 
stimulate landowners to let their 
properties, it. would do better to 
accord similar tax benefits to the 
landlord's business to those cur- 
rently accorded to other slack 
trades, and pay for the stimulation 

Yours faithfully. 


89 Ryder’s Way, 

Old Woking, 


March 3. 

Editor, on the same day, writes of 
the “extra revenue” expected from 
sales of public assets. 

Companies are not allowed to 
treat the proceeds of fixed asset 
sales as income. Could someone 
please explain why it is acceptable 
for the Chancellor to do so? 

Yours faithfully, 


Dukes Meadow, 

1 One Tree Lane, 



Of shoes and ships 

From Mr Henry G. Button 
Sir, The recent meeting of the 
Board of Trade (report, March 22) 
was said to have been the first 
since 1851. but it was not stated 
whether the Archbishop of Canter- 
bury and all other members of the 
Board were present. 

The President of the Board of 
Trade in 1901 is reported in 
Hansard to have said, in answer to 
a Parliamentary question. “The 
Board of Trade does meet. The 
quorum consists of one - myself. 
Yours faithfully, 


7 Amhurst Court, 

Grange Road, Cambridge. 

patience and dedication leave us 
often quite amazed at the re- 
sources deployed. In one recent 
case in front of me. the same soda! 
worker, in a ten-year period, had 
spent well over 400 hours in face- 
to-face contacts with the parents 
and family. 

Only the social service depart- 
ment themselves can know the 
quality of the social workers they 
have available to deploy, the level 
of intervention they can manage 
and carry an overall responsibility 
for the day-to-day management 

Abuse, when and if it comes, has 
to be spotted and undemood 
instantaneously and I suggest no 
juvenile court is equipped to 
exercise that responsibility. And 
that if the review of these cases 
rested with us, poorer decisions 
would be reached which in no way 

Radio stations 
under pressure 

From the Managing Director of 
Radio H "yrern 

Sir. The IBA’s intransigence is 
once again apparent from their 
Rank/Granada interference, but is 
the world aware that this bureau- 
cratic quango is driving its own 
smalt radio stations into the 

There has been one actual 
bankruptcy and four covered-up 
bankruptcies in their system to 
date. Some 50 per cent of them 
lost money last year. The IBA, 
faced with this, looks for future 
grandeur in regional and national 
radio. They are quite happy for 
local stations, who serve their 
communities tremendously well, 
to disappear. 

That might be fine for their 
army of 1,500. all with five-year 
no-redundancy agreements ana an 
increase in senior salaries ofl 1 per 
cent due next month. For my staff 
of 20. who have worked pro- 
digiously and gone without rises 
for two years to help us survive, it 
is s monstrous injustice: 

The IBA extracts no less than £7 
million annually from indepen- 
dent radio. Will no one rid us of 
this gargantuan parasite? 

Yours faithfully, 


Managing Director, 

Radio Wyvern pic, 

5/6 Barboume Terrace, 


March 18. 

US and the Contras 

From the Dean of St Paul's 
Sir. Mr Graham Greene’s letter 
(March 20) insisting on the Chris- 
tian element in the regime in 
Nicaragua can be reinforced by the 
recent experience of a small 
ecumenical group. Catholic and 
Protestant, which visited Nica- 
ragua in February. 

We joined the Via Crucis, led by 
Father Miguel d'Escoto. the For- 
eign Minister of Nicaragua. More 
than 200 pilgrims walked the 
entire distance of over 100 miles, 
but as they approached the vil- . 
lages and towns on the way, 
hundreds and sometimes thou- 
sands came out to greet them 
carrying statues and crosses. 

At Esteli Bishop Lopez wel- 
comed the procession and at a 
crowded Eucharist greeted Father 
Miguel and the pilgrims, and the 
Eucharist was celebrated in the 
presence of several thousand 

Of course, in Nicaragua there 
are many who would describe 
themselves as Nationalists and 
many who are Marxists, but this 
small impoverished country is 
being influenced by Christian 
communities, especially among 
the poor, who long for a way of 
life, which they have not experi- 
enced in their history, where there 
is a measure of justice, peace and 

The countries of Central Amer- 
ica who have suffered so severely 
from outside intervention in the 
past need the help of all their 
neighbours to achieve stability. 
They do not deserve armed inter- 

Yours sincerely, 


The Deanery. 

9 Amen Court, EC4 
March 25. 

Budget reflection 

From Mr F. A. Falk 
Sir, In the article today (March 21) 
on the effect on charities of the 
Budget lax changes, Philip Regan 
refers to the lack of uniformity of 
charity accounts and criticises the 
Chancellor for failing to trade new 
tax pri vileges for better accounting 
practices and measures to 
encourage efficiency. 

Mr Regan appears to be un- 
aware of the progress and concern 
of charities and their advisers in 
these manes. 

With the encouragement of 
charities generally in November, 
1985, the accounting profession 
introduced a statement of recom- 
mended practice for charities' 
accounts. Many charities already 
comply with these recommenda- 

Further, an improvement in the 
quality of the accounts has been 
apparent from those submitted to 
the annual Charity Accounts 
Award competition. Mr Regan’s 
comments are an unfortunate slur 
on the effects and achievements of 
many charities and their pro- 
fessional advisers. 

Yours faithfully. 


(Chairman. Accounting Standards 
Committee Working Party on 
Charities’ Accounts). 

Touche Ross & Co, 

Hill House. 

1 Little New Street, EC4. 

March 21. 

would serve to protect children in 
the way Mr Walters seeks. 

Magistrates are not appointed 
for their knowledge and expertise 
in looking at complex family 
relationships. That does not mean 
that I lack confidence in my 
colleagues in the juvenile courts 
but we are not trained to provide 
such a specialist service. 

I urge that to muddle at this 
time the court function with the 
welfare function of foe social 
service departments would dilute 
the quality of their work, add 
confusion and achieve tittle. 
Yours faithfully, 


Hammersmith Juvenile Court, 
Inner London Juvenile Courts, 
185 Marylebone Road, NWI. 
March 20. 


MARCH 31 1885 

Louis Riel (1844-85), a Mttis 
(half-breed) led the first rebellion j 
against the Canadian Government \ 
in 1869. For it he was exiled, but 
later returned to become a 
member of the Dominion 
Parliament from which, in 1875, 
he was exiled. The Metis in the 
Saskatchewan river region called 
for his help in defying the 
authorities and in 1885 Riel 
formed aprovisional 
govemment.The rebellion was 
crushed if ter some fierce fighting 
and Riel was found guilty of 
treason and executed at Regina on 
November 16 1885. 




The Saskatchewan rebellion, orga- 
nized by RieL wears a serious 
aspect. His half-breed followers 
have for some time past been 
disaffected, because of the failure 
of the Dominion Government to 
give them the rights promised at 
the close of the former Manitoba 
rising. They have selected this time 
for a rebellion because the Canadi- 
an troops are being prepared for 
service elsewhere. 

They — the half-breeds — control 
a region favourable for a protracted 
guerilla warfare, one which is 
distant from the railway, and m 
which transportation is difficult 
Almost the entire half-breed popu- 
lation in that region sympathize 
with Riel, together with nearly 
every one of the Indian tribes. 
Riel’s rendezvous is a strong 
position beyond Fort Carieton. 
four miles to the south-west of 
Duck Lake, where he has cannon 
rifles, and ample supplies of provi- 
sions. He has also established a 
good organization, with scouts and 
runners going all about the coun- 
try. to watch and report on the 
movements of the Government 

Major Crozier's advance from 
Fort Carieton was intended to 
destroy this rendezvous, but Riel 
defeated him, as already reported. 
In this fight of last Thursday the 
rebels lost 40 men killed and 23 
wounded, among the killed being 
some Montana cowboys, from the 
United States, who had taken 
cannon and rifles to RieL 

After his defeat. Major Crozier 
retreated to Fort Carieton, fol- 
lowed by the rebel scouts, but the 
attack was not renewed. Colonel 
Irvine had a garrison at Fort 
Carieton of 260 mounted police. It 
being evident that Riel could 
overwhelm him, the Colonel deter- 
mined to evacuate Fort Carieton. 
which stands in a hollow, alongside 
of the Saskatchewan river, with a 
high bluff rising behind it Having 
been built only for an Indian 
trading post, it was untenable if 
attacked; and nobody had resided 
there except the mounted police 
and the Hudson Bay Company’s 

Colonel Irvine, therefore, on 
Friday burnt the fort, with its 
stores, destroyed the telegraph 
station, and all valuable articles, 
and then retreated towards 
Qu'Appelle, halting at another 
trading post called Prince Albert. 
Here some small reinforcements 
were found; and the police forth- 
with proceeded to strengthen the 
position, which will be in future the 
Government outpost. 

Colonel Irvine sent despatches 
to General Middleton, at 
Qu'Appelle, that a large force must 
be brought up in order to subdue 
the rebellion. General Middleton, 
who had intended to march from 
Qu'Appelle last week, then decided 
to await reinforcements. He was 
expected to advance today. He has 
an available transport service of 
240 teams, but bis force must make 
a difficult march to the north-west 
for nearly 200 miles. 

The news caused great excite- 
ment throughout Canada, where a 
popular movement has been set on 
foot for raising a volunteer force to 
put down the rising. The Canadian 
Pacific Railway is organizing a 
defensive force to protect its line, if 
threatened, to the west of 
Winnipeg. 7 

Troops are gathering at Toronto, 
Ottawa, and Montreal, to increase 
General Middleton's force. 
Two thousand men are already 
available for the movement against 
RieL though a large portion cannot 
reach Qu'Appelle for several days. 

The plan of the campaign is to 
advance in two columns one, 
under General Middleton, will 
move to Prince Albert and then 
against Riel; while another will 
march westward, by Battleford, in 
order to prevent the retreat of the 
rebels southward, should they 
endeavour to escape into the 
United States. 


Prince Albert, which Colonel 
Irvine holds as a Government 
outpost, is about 20 miles to the 
nortb-east of Fort Carieton. 
Battleford, 50 miles to the west of 
Fort Carieton. has been aban- 
doned, the settlers, with their 
■families, being sent to Swift Cur- 
rent, a station 150 miles to the 
southward, on the Canadian Pacif- 
ic Railway, west of Qu'Appelle. 

Agents of the Canadian Govern- 
ment have been malting large 
purchases of carbines and car- 
tridges of American arms manufac- 
turers at New haven, Connecticut, 
for use in the north-west. 


From Professor H. H. Huxley 
Sir. Readers may be interested in a 
recently-transmitted signal (in 
Latin, of course) from the planet 

Grave nunc esi meum cor. 

G ravins quam plumbum: 

Solent nam vocare me 
Hoi polloi “Tuumhum". 

Yours sincerely, 


1 2 Derwent Dose. 


March 16. 


















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March 29: The Prince Edward 
this afternoon attended the 1986 
University Boat Race and after- 
wards presented the winners' 

Mr John Haslam was in 

The Duchess or Kent, patron, 
will attend a gala performance of 
the musical Tint#, in aid of the 
National Society for Cancer 
Relief, on April 7, at the 
Dominion Theatre. 

The Duchess of Kent patron, 
will attend a gala evening, in aid 
of the Stars Organisation for 

Spastics and the National Soci- 
ety for Cancer Relief, on April 9 
at the Theatre Royal. 

The Duchess of Kent. Patron of 
Si George's Hospital, will attend 
a reception, in aid of the appeal 
for the hospital's medical 
school, on April 23 at the House 
of Lords. 

The Duke of Gloucester, Presi- 
dent of ICOMOS/UK (Inter- 
national Council on 
Monuments and Sites. United 
Kingdom National Committee) 
will visit The Queen's House 
and Ranger's House. Green- 
wich. to mark International 
Monuments Day on April 18. 
The Duke of Gloucester will 
open the headquarters of the 
South-east traffic division of the 
Metropolitan Police at Catford 
on April 24. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr M. Tfccrney croft 
and Miss A.C. Blackman 
The engagement is announced 
between Martin, only son of Mr 
and Mis S.T. Thorneycroft, of 
Aldridge. West Midlands, and 
Amanda Ceciie. voungest 
daughter of Councillor C.W. 
Blackman, MBE. and Mrs 
Blackman, of Aldcriey Edge. 

Dr J.P. Sotting 
and Miss C.L. Odell 
The engagement is announced 
between Jonathan Paul, younger 
son of Mr and Mrs John 
Botting. and Carey Louise, elder 
daughter of Mr Derek Odell and 
Mrs Jennifer Odell, all of 

Mr PA. Kitnum 
and Mis J. Manning 
The engagement is announced 
between Paul Anthony, eldest 
son of Mr and Mrs R-F. Kinnon, 
of Caversham, Berkshire, and 
Marilyn, widow of Mr J. Man- 
ning and youngest daughter of 
Mrs Parnell and the late Mr E. 
Parnell, of Upper Norwood. 
South London. 

Mr S-R- Campbell 
and Miss S.F. Button 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen Rae. elder son 
of Mr and Mrs J.R. Campbell, of 
Selsey. Sussex, and Sandia 
Frances, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs F.H. Button, of Worthing. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Richard Chamberlain, 51; 
Sir Robert Cockbum. 77: Mr 
John Fowlcs. 60. Viscount Fur- 
ness. 57; Sir Pat Lowry. 66: the 
Very Rev Dr G.T.H. Reid. 76: 
Air Commodore Helen Renton, 
55; Professor Dame Sheila Sher- 
lock, 68: Canon Charles H. 
Smyth. 83; Mr David Steel. MP. 
4S; Lord Trefgamc. 45: Profes- 
sor Sir Frederick Warner. 76: 
Mr Sidney WeighelL 64; the Earl 
of Westmorland. 62. 


lieutenant A. Geaney, RN, 
and Miss L.G. Marjoram 
The marriage took place in the' 
Royal Naval College 2 nd Cha- 
pel, Greenwich, on Saturday. 
March S. between Lieutenant' 
Alan Geaney, RN. only son of 
Mr and Mrs EA. Geaney. of 
Erith. Kent and Miss Lynne 
Georgina Marjoram, only 
daughter of Mr 2 nd Mrs G.H. 
Marjoram, of Belvedere. Kent. 

Bradfield College 

The following awards are 

Major Scholarships: ZM 
Calsaras (Danes Hill). Cl Child 
(Brockhurst), PD Davtdoff (St 
Andrew's. Woking). 

Minor Scholarships: WA 
Appleby (Elstrce), JMA Knight 
(Hall Grove), PT Traill (Danes 

Exhibitions; JP Baker 
(Brockhurst and Bradfield). EA 
Dark (Audley House). AJE Mat- 
thews (CranmoreL JJR Payne 
(Gayhurst), CR Pierssene (Hall 
Grove). CJ Tayton 

Music Scholarships: RER 
Demery (King's College Junior 
>School. Wimbledon and 
Bradfield ), J NM Stoughton 
(Hill House). 

Lord Buxton of Alsa. chair- 
man of Independent Television 
News, to be chairman of Anglia 
Television in succession to Lord 
Townshend. who retires next 

Science report 

Anti-asthma drug 
may aid lean meat 

By Andrew Wiseman 

An anti-asthmatic drag, 
dentmteroL amid become the 
basis for providing a substitute 
for anabolic steroids, used by 
farmers to increase the protein 
content oT their animals. 

That would provide an alter- 
native to the hormone sub- 
stances added to animal 
feeds tuffs, or growth promoters 
as they are known, which have 
caused a furore, because of the 
danger of traces of these sub- 
stances con taminatin g milk and 

Until comparatively recently 
such steroids - which in any 
case are effective with only some 
animals - and natural poly- 
peptide hormones were consid- 
ered to be the only method of 
reducing body fat and increasing 
body protein, thus ultimately 
prod ocing more lean meat. 

Now, however. Dr Peter 
Reeds and his colleagues at the 
AFRC (Agriculture and Food 
Research Centre) Rowett Re- 
search Institute in Aberdeen, are 
among British scientists in- 
vestigating a series of com- 
pounds originally developed as 
anti-asthmatic drugs. 

Structurally related to the 
catecholamines, these alter- 
native compounds have dem- 
onstrated the same effects as 
steroids. Furthermore, unlike 
such hormones as trenbolooe 
acetate, they could usefully oc 
given to a wide variety or 
animals, and also increase pro- 
tein development when admin- 
istered in their diet. 

The Rowett Institute 
researchers studied the nature 
and action of denbutero! in the 
laboratory and on animals. 

Initial experiments with rats, 
disclosed important differences 
between the action of this anti- 
asthmatic drug and that of 
steroid growth stimulating 
agents. For instance, unlike 
many hormones, it was effective 

an noo-castreted males through- 
out their growth period, and 
protein accretion was limited to 
skeletal and cardiac muscles 
without affecting other organs. 
That does not happen when 
trenbolooe acetate is admin- 
istered. Clenbnterol acted 
quickly and the compound did 
not increase the animal's ap- 
petite; because of that there was 
only a marginal increase in its 

Cater work with sheep and 
cattle showed that denbuterol 
bad also a traumatic effect on 
increased muscle protein, 
contributing to a marked in- 
crease in muscle growth. 

The drug reduced the rate of 
nitrogen excretion and coo-[ 
seq neatly cut the loss of body 
protein, even in animals which 
were not given protein in their 

The researchers say that al- 
though the next generation of. 
clenbmerol and similar agents 
may prove to be of great 
practical value as growth 
promoters, several Important 
questions remain unanswered. 

Their find logs have shown, 
however, that although its ac- 
tions have some initial effects on 
the heart rate, apart from its 
influence on body temperature, 
fat and protein deposition, those, 
appear to be separable func- 
tions. Therefore it should be 
possible to devise compounds 
which will stimulate only protein 
deposition, which is all that is 
needed to obtain leaner meat. 

Research is showing the way 
towards the development of 
agents capable of promoting 
muscle growth in skeletal mus- 
cles. thus providing alternatives 
to sieroids, which, in some cases, 
□right affect the well-being of an 
animal. As a bonus, those new 
growth promoting compounds 
should work more efficiently 
than existing ones. 

Births, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Em + 15% VAT 

(minimum ) Linesl 

■Vonnunn-mi’ms.auiheniiaicd hv the 
namv and permanent address of the 
sender, may be sent kk 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

or telephoned thy lefcptnme uihvcrib- 
erv onJjj KX 0X-4UI 3024 

AnnouMincflis salt he «csc»»«; by 
a-koiMoc between ‘J.fflbm and 
5 Worn Monday to Fndr*. on Saiur- 
dat betaken dlMbm and 12 rt»vn. 
(01-431 4000 Only), rue puHiCa- 
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WACCS. WCMWiGS, etc nn Court 
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KtmL London Cl 


MILNE at sorting Royal Infirmary oo 
29Ui Marcft 1986. peacefully after a 
short illness. John Milne M.A_ aged 
73 yrars. retired Hoad of Langs De- 
partment at Dollar Academy beloved 
husband of Made- Anne. 6 Bunge St.. 
Dollar. A dear faUier and Grandfa- 
ther. Sen fee at Dollar Parish Church 
on Wednesday 2nd April at Z.OOpra 
and thereafter to Dollar Cemetery to 
which all friends are respectfully 
invited . 

SWORD A Service of Thanksgiving for 
Uie Ule of Meq Sward will be held at 
Heythrop Church, near Chipping 
Norton at Noon on Saturday 5Ui 
April 1986. Any do no Lions to Chip- 
ping Norton War Memorial Hospital. 


HAM. Ron Always in our thoughts. 
Beryl. Deb. and NlcX. 

NASH Kenneth Twigg. wlu> died 3lw 
March I'M!, sadly mtvsed bv Kate. 
Joe and Tom 

STAMP The Hon Maxwell, who died 
31 s! March 198*. So loved and so 
trussed by his wire and family and his 
iruny friend*. 

Clifford Longley 

Christianity’s struggle to find 
a place for the Promised Land 

The Chief Rabbi of Great Britain, Sir 
Immanuel Jakobovits, has greeted the 
forthcoming visit of Pope John Paul li 
to the chief synagogue in Rome with the 
remade "Had such a visit come a 
thousand years earlier, many millions of 
lives might bave been saved from brutal 
violence and humiliation." 

In a letter to Dr Elio Toaff, his Italian 
opposite number. Sir Immanuel .de- 
scribes the visit as an “unprecedented 
gesture", and “an important step to- 
wards reconciliation” of whiefa the 
significance will be hailed by European 
Jewry in particular. He went on to 
suggest, however, that there should be 
an appeal to the Pope for “the 
elimination of the residua] Christian 
hesitations in accepting the State of 
Israel as the fulfilment of miileniaJ 
Jewish dreams." 

The Vatican should recognize the 
special bond of Jews with Jerusalem, 
because it was the Jews who find 
sanctified 3,000 years ago a city now 
held holy by three world faiths, he 

There are two issues here, only one of 
which is specific to the Roman Catholic 
Church. That is the issue of diplomatic 
recognition of Israel by the Holy See. 
recognition withheld for the technical 
reason that Israel is a state of which the 
boundaries with its neighbours are not 
agreed by peace treaties. 

Unofficially, most Jewish experts 
suspect that the real reason is pro-Arab 
sympathy in the Vatican, particularly, 
sympathy with Christian Palestinians. 
The lack of Vatican recognition of the 
state of Israel is a matter on which many 
Jews feel surprisingly strongly: it is 
difficult to imagine any other country in 
lhe world knowing or caring much 
whether the Vatican thought it existed 
or noL 

The second issue is whether Chris- 

tianity as a world faith, Roman Catholic 
or not, can find a place in its theology 
for the return of the Jewish people to the 
Promised Land. Christianity tells a 
story of God’s dealings with the human 
race which begins with the history of the 
Jews, but changes course radically in the 
decades after Jesus’s crucifixion to 
become lhe story of the early church, 
with the centre of attention anrient 
Rome, not ancient Jerusalem. 

The story accepts the central role of 
the Jews in God’s providence only as far 
as the first Easter. This marked (soterio- 
logically) the point at which the divine 
plan changed, with the death of the hope 
of building salvation on a new chapter 
in Jewish history, and its rebirth in an 
alternative faith proclaimed to the 
world through the chinch. 

Had the plan not foiled, Christianity 
would simply have been the new 
Judaism; but the Christian tradition has 
always assumed it was meant to foil - 
hence “Good” Friday. To say other- 
wise would be to question foe 
Crucifixion as the necessary atonement 
for sin. 

But whatever this theology said 
positively about God’s love for man, it 
had a hidden and very negative implica- 
tion for the Christian view of the Jews. 
It meant they lost their central role, and 
became an anachronism. They were 
God's broken and discarded tool. 

It is hardly surprising, therefore, that 
popes have not been regular visitors to 
the synagogues of Rome. The wider 
implication has been that the “Old 
Covenant" and all that went with it is 
no longer valid, including the Jewish 
.claim, on religious grounds, to the land 

On such theoretical foundations as 
these, and not just on some unfortunate 
p a ss a ge s in Passion according to St 
John, grew the most shameful sub-plot 

of Christian history, the persecution ol 
- the Jews. Not all Jews who wish 
Christianity to repent of that, realize 
that they are asking for an alteration in a 
basic element of Christian theology. 

They have a duty to ask that of 
course, and to push persistently and 
hard for it, for they know the conse- 
quences of complacency, but they tend 
to ask instead for tolerance, for live-and- 
tet-live. There have been periods of 
toleration in (he past -it is a gross 
caricature of Christian history to treat 
the Spanish Inquisition as normative br- 
ibe Church’s treatment of the Jews - but 
the internal logic of Christian theology 
has eventually brought persecution to 
the surface again. 

It was the Holocaust which supplied 
sufficient shock to those old Christian 
certainties to reopen some of the 
fundamental questions. It drew the 
attention of theologians to those pas- 
sages, for instance in St Paul, which 
suggested an alternative view of the 
divine master plan. . 

It could not be that God had 
abandoned the Jewish people, for the 
dreadful consequences of such a belief 
were there in history for all to see. These 
hints in St Paul are being gradually built 
Into a different scheme, of two parallel 
paths of salvation. Jewish and Chris- 
tian, but those scholars pursuing such 
researches are not finding it easy to 
p re s e rve what is unique to Christianity. 

Meanwhile, the mainstream churches 
are not ready to admit that Christianity 
has nothing to offer a Jew, so that Jews 
are in no need of conversion. Jewish 
leaders, when they ask for such an 
admission, do not seem aware that they 
are asking a great deal, not just a 
concession in the rarefied field ofinter- 
foith relations, but a redesigning of 
Christianity's central self- 

Busy traffic on a gange one line yesterday during the Model Railway Club's International 
Model Railway Exhibition, until Thursday at the RHS Halls, Westminster, central London 

(Photograph: Suresh Karadia). 

Church hews 


Tito Brv A J flood. Mar. St 

Hoiunfarp. and warden of the 
Hojunfare Society, diocese of Uvcr- 

Hew D J Bourne. Vicar. St 
Edmund and SI Helen. Gostessey. 
diocese of Norwich, to bo Rector j 
Hlngtum wttli Wood Rising and, 
Seoul ion. sane diocese. 

Th* Rev P M Davies, formerly 
Principal or Divinity School, diocese. 

of Oktoret. Kenya (with do Ctuirclr 

Missionary Society), to the Itwlng of 

Lev mi with Catwick. diocese of Yorb- 
The Rev d J ftm Vicar. 
WorsDrough Common, diocese of 
Sheffield. h> be Rccmt. Aratboroo. 
same diocese. 

The Rev C J GotMtog to 
i non- stipendiary). Mayfield. 

Ch (Chester. 

The Rev J Human, c urm . Si Mary 
Ute Virgin. Merlon Park, diocese o f 
Southwark, to be curate. Kn mi 

dtoerse of York. 

The Rev P Khchtog. c u r a te. Nestle, 
diocese of York, lo he Driest -to-ctiaroe. 
Crain ome. and pan time youth eteav 
lain In the Archdeaconry of Qtvr- 
Land. same diocese. 

The Rev H PrtdeE 

officiate, diocese of Portsmouth, to be 

ton to 

curate inetk-sUpendtaiYi. V4oiy Trinity 
with St GoUunba. Fareh a m. same- 

The Rev A D Marsh, prlesi-ln- 
charoe. Beytoo with i l essen, diocese 
of St Edmundsbury and Ipswich. lo be 
asbum pastoral minister. SI John’s. 
Felixstowe, same diocese. 

The Rev L Moms, curate l non 
stipendiary). St Atom's West Leigh, 
diocese of Portsmouth, to be curate 
(non- stipendiary). St Thomas a 
Bechet, wartxington. wtth St James's. 
Enwworth. same diocese. 

The Rev M Potter, development 
officer, extension studies. St John's 
Theotoglral College. NOfUmtoara. di- 
ocese of Southwell, to be the prlesMn- 
diarge. All Saints, weaington. St 
Catherine's wnh anon, diocese of 

The Rev r h Robinson, curate (non- 
stipendiary). □lough Ion with Brough 
and Brannngham. diocese of York, to 
be stipendiary curate, same parish, 
same diocese. 

The Rev R B Ruddock, c u rate. 
Fetpnam with MWdXtcn-oivSej. di- 
ocese of CSdctiester. to be prlest-ln- 
cnaroe. Si Wilfrid's (daughter Church 
of Si Mary's!. Portseo. diocese of 

The Rev T Salisbury. Rector. Bride 
Valley learn ministry, dioc ese of 
Salisbury, to be Vkw. Great Bedwyn. 
Little Bedwyn and Savenake Forest 
same diocese. 



The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the CentraJ Gospel 
Mission, Nelson. Lancashire, of 
Mr Ian Roxburgh, son of the, 
Bishop of Barking and Mrs 
Roxburgh, of Lougbtoo, Essex, 
and Miss Jane Kimmitx. youn- 
ger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Kim m in, of Ndsoo» 
L a n c ash ire. The Bishop of Baifc-j 
and the Rev EjG. Fisher 

The bride, who was green hr 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Emma Blakc-Lobb, 
Miss Avila Pollard and Mrs 
Gillian Moore. Mr Ian 
Muirbead was best man. 

A reception was bdd at 
Barrowford Civic Hall and the 
honeymoon will be spent in 


Old F wmlisplisiiMM 
Mr R.W.R. Smith, President of, 
the Society of Old. 
Framlinghamians, presided at 
the annual dinner held on 
Saturday at Framlingham Col- 
lege. Miss E.L. Grodzicka. Mr* 
S.R. Mitchell and Mr RJ. 
Blythe also spoke. Mr L.I 
Rimmer, headmaster, was 
among those presenL 

Help the Aged 

Tbc Archbishop of C ante r bury , 
the Cardinal Archbishop of 
Westminster, the Moderator of 
the General Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland, the Presi- 
dent of the Methodist Con- 
ference, and the Qiief Rabbi arc 
to be patrons of Help the Aged's 
silver jubilee appeal. Lord 
Qnflipp and Sir Kenneth Dur- 
ham are to be vice-presidents of 
the charity. 

University News 

Proctors and 
for 1587-88 have been 


Senior Procter, Dr P M 
Newmann, praelector in 
mathematics and tutor for ad- 
missions at the Queen's College; 
Junior Proctor. Mis GabrieUe A 
Sioy. assistant tutor for ad- 
missions at Lady Margaret Hall; 
Assessor, Dr J Knowiand, tutor 
in biochemistry at Pembroke 


Latest wills 

Dorothy Rosamon Hartley,' of 
Llangollen. North Wales, the 
author, artist and teacher, left 

Nicholas Thomas WrtflW. MA. D 
PhlHOxon). aaststan) ptxrfc- aor of New 
Testament at McGtU UrUversny. as 
Chao lain and Ofrtctal Tutorial Fellow 
In Theology from October 1. 1986: 
Stephen Geoffrey Williams 
BA( London X B pwl D PWkOxonX 
lecturer at Ortef Cotege. at coUme 
lecturer In Philosophy from October 1. 

EXETER COUDCE. To a M ons a nto 
Senior Research Fellowship in 
Molecular and CeOuIar Btotogy and 
aocN reaoy E j CMeflor. BSc. PhD. 
from October 1. 1986. 


1986: p w ratter. BA. the Queen's 
Cortege R M GnJ«. BA. the Queen's 
Coflese and Trtotty College, cam- 

Appointments in 
the Forces 


MAJOR: M G wun penny to DRORM 
as Chief drafting Officer. Aug 1. - 

MAJOR: R J Davis. July 26. 

lire Army 

be Chief of Staff and Head of me 
United Kingdom Delegation to UVE 
oakT S hapeTta May in success** to 

Malor -General D E Milter. . 

p r F Bonnot to be Director Royal 
Artatejy in May. I n sucqn ston to 

Malor General C G Oornocfc. 

R W Ward lo be General Officer 
Commanding Western DWrta to June 
to succession to Mater-Genenl B P 


COLONELS’ M F H Cotman lo HQ 

■a D McCulloch. RAOC. to LEXA). AprQ 
2: N F Wood. R Signals, ip MOD. 
April l: R WrtgM. R &uK to MOD. 
April 1; J D FirMeo. ftCT. to MOD. 
Atoll 1: J Meggy, ha. to MOO April i; 
NHD PrendergasL RE. lo MODl April 
2 . 

Big BAH ParrttL late bit corps. 
April 6:010 A Bette?, late RRF. 
April a Col D H C Gordon Lennox, 
late Gren CDs. April 2: Gol R 1C Owen, 
late RAOC. April S. 

H ono r n y Rpunm 
Mai Gen CR Grey, late Gores of Royal 
Engineers, to be CotanrJ Commandant 
Corps of Royal Engineers. AsnV x. to 
succession to Mai Gen P C stuytmrl- 
Mai Gen R C KNgnttev. late 5 imds 
Dg. to be Cotond 5th Royal imdinn- 
Mog Dragoon Guards March 2. to 
succeslon lo Brig WFA Findlay: Brig 
Reginald Keith Huctsoiv late Army 
Catering Corps, lo be Cotooei Com- 
nrandsni Army Catering Corps AprU 
1. In mreenien to Brig Cordon 
Baxter: Catonei Alfred John Smith to 
tie Honorary Ootonei 4 (Volunteer) 
Battalion The Queen's Lan cashi re 
Regiment Territorial Army. April 1. in 
succession to U ON (Bt Col) toe Earl 
of Derby, who reta ins lhe honorary 
rank of t 

Kflyni Air Faroe 

[ COMMODORES.' O J Ttnetoyeto 

be Director Of Aircraft Engineering 

- - v l warrlnglcnjo be 

April a 

lo RAFSwantou Money. March 20: k 
O Bennett to MOD. April 1: P J Nun 

WIN% 18 COMmXnD 1 ERS: P . W 

Standard lo RAP Scamptoo. April I: 
M A cavnor to Munich. April T: B R 
Hoskins lo MOD. AprO 4: P TUrtery to 
RAF Brize Norton. Aped 1: R M B 
Montague to MOD. April 2: M J 
— - to be OC RAF School ol 

pin 7: I F HetxBey to RAF 

PMC. Aptlf 7: P L Watson to RAF 
CMford. April 7. 


These are the leading scores 
after two sessions of the 
Championship Pairs at the 
Guardian Easier International 
Bridge Tournament at the Park 
Lane Hotel: 

1. C. Karaev and s. Poptiam 3056 
match points. 

2- L_ Kaplan and R. SmaWd 5747 

match pottos. 

3 M. Hoffman and P. Koran! 5746 
match points. 

4 c Ferry and 6. Egmton 5657 
match paints. 

5. C. Slmoson sm id R. A. Priday 5535 
match points. 

6. E- Uneven and Dr. A. Han 5659 
maun points. 

7. s. f Lodge and P. D. Jourdatn 
6556 match points. 

B. R. M. Sheehan and Z. Mahmoud 
5647 match points. 

9. D. Sanders and N. Simms SS12 
match pottos. 

10. J. and S Stocken 5479 match 


l. D. Parry and Mrs C FMtpool 
1702 match points. 

2. D. A Burn and Mrs M. Dennison 
1690 match points. 

3. R. Belcher and Mis D. Wade 1686 

4. Mrs_. 

match potaM. _ _ 

6. Mr and Mrs D. Diamond 1667 
match points: 

6. Mr and Mrs. P. D. Austwidc 1640 

TT f S5ey and Mrs. M. Swanson 
1696 match pomes. 

8. Mr and Mrs. G. Simpson 1665 
i W B tct i points. 

The Night Sky in April 

By Our Astronomy 

Mercury will reach its greatest 
morning elongation (28 deg) on 
the !3Ut but is unlikely to be 
seen in the eastern twilight. 

Venus has become a 

conspicuous object in the west- 
ern sky and by (he end of the 
month will be above the horizon 
for two hours after sunset, 
magnitude -3.9. Moon near it on 
the 10th- 

Mars is a morning star, but 
although the time of rising does 
get earlier the change is stiu very 
slow, about an average of 01 H. 
Moon in the area on the 1st and 

Jupiter should be coming into, 
view in Ute eastern twilight: it 
rises only one hour before the 
Sun at -the beginning of the 
month, though by two hours at 
the end. and it is bright at 
magnitude -2. 1 . Moon near it on 
the 6th. 

Saturn will be rising before 
midnight. Its motion is now 
retrograde and it will be in 
conjunction with Alltares again 
on the 26th. Moon close by on 
that same night. 

Uranus will have risen by 

midnight in the middle of the 
month and Neptune about an 

hour later. 

Pluto, being visible only with 
fairly large amateur telescopes, 
is not normally mentioned in 
these notes. It will be in oppo- 
sition on the 26th. magnitude 
13.7. in Viigo. 

The Moon: last quarter, Idl; 
new, 9d06h (edipseh first quar- 
ter, 17dllh; fun, 24dl3h 
(eclipse). Neither of the eclipses 
will be observable from Europe. 
The partial edipse of the Sun on 
the 9th is limited lo the South, 
including Australia: on the 24th 
the total eclipse of the Moon will 
have ended before raoonrise in 
the United Kingdom. 

Algol: the only evening mini- 
mum readily observable this 
month is at 9d2lKh: forthe next 
three months the star will be 
very low in the north and 
predictions will be omitted from 
these notes. 

As readers will know, the 
Giotto mission to Halley’s 
Comet was very successful. A 
large quantity of data as well a$ 
pictures were received, and 
analysing them will take many 
months. For observers in die 

southern hemisphere, tbis 
month win be the best viewing 
time with, it is hoped, a 
.spectacular object high in the 

Towards the end of the month 
there may be a chance to see the 
comet from the British Ides, 
although unfortunately there 
will be moonlight until the last 
week. Referring to our map, on 
the 26th the comet will be 
approaching the lowest star of 
Crater, and on May 1 will be 
dose to the next one above and 
to the right 

As the stats are feint and their 
altitude low they may not be 
visible, so an alternative 
approximate location of the 
comet at the hour of our map on 
the 26th is altitude KM2 deg, 
true bearing 200 deg. Binoculars 
will probably be necessary. 

The location of the comet 
draws attention to a group of 
inconspicuous but ancient 
constdlations. Hydra is a very 
long chain, about 80 deg of it,m 
with only one star brighter than 
third magnitude. The people of 
Egypt (who not surprisingly 
linked the constellation with ibe 
Nile) and Babylonia lived in 
lower latitudes; there the celcs- 


Distinguished neurologist 

Dr Denis Brinton, FRCP, 
who died on March 13, at the 
age of 83, was a distinguished 
neurologist- He was Pbysh 
cian-in -charge in the Depart- 
ment of Nervous Diseases at 
St Mary's Hospital, London, 
from 1935 to 1963 and Dean 
of its Medical School from 
1946 to 1951. 

Denis Hubert Brinton vas 
born on December 9, 1902. 
His father was Senior Classics 
Master at Eton, so it was 
natural that his son should be 
given that incomparable com- 
panion for any kind of walk in 
life, a classical education. 

From Eton he went to New 
College, Oxford, and thence as 
a University Scholar to St 
Mary's Hospital Medical. 
School for his clinical training, 
where began an association 
that remained unbroken, save 
for war service, until his 
chosen, somewhat early, re- 
tirement in 1963. However, he 
remained on the School Coun- 
cil until 1979, making a total 
span of 54 years at St Mary’s. 

Having decided to follow 
neurology as a discipline, one 
well suited to his precise, 
deductive mind, he did the 
then obligatory apprentice- 
ship at the National Hospital. 
He was appointed to the 
honorary staff of St Mary's 
and the National Hospital in 
the same year. 

Throughout the War he 
served as a consultant neuro- 
psychiatrist in the RAF with 

tank Agl SSSSfeS 
gSughi him mention m 

stalled natural. 

Hasped two incidents mat 

gmehis way during*^ 


SrSf appearance ^ 

mysterious acute 
illness, with Bibbed over 
tones, whose cause he tracM 
to the adulteration of wheat 

n ton brought 'T' 


His cultivated mind, 

1 ^ rich in a love ofhis native 

its literature and its 

administrator, adviser 

friend. „ 

Such qualities made him** 
clear choice in 1946 for fife 
years ofdeanshipat St Mary s, 
to break a mould with mini- 
mal hurt ami to create an 
imag e for a new era that 
remains successful to this day. 

By his first wife, Joan, he 
haH two sons. The bitter blow 
of her untime ly death in 1971 
was assuaged by his happy 
marriage to Rosemary, with 

whom he had worked as Dean. 


Bishop Yennadios. who has 
died at the age of 93. was one 
of three senior bishops of the 
Orthodox Church in Cyprus 
who were unfrocked for con- 
spiring against Archbishop 
Makarios in 1972. 

This revolt, engineered by 
the Athens military junta 
which wanted to encompass 
Makarios’s downfall, un- 
leashed a sequence of events 
whiefa eventually led to the 
Turkish invasion of Cyprus, 
and the partitioning of the 
island in 1974. 

Yennadios was Bishop of 
Paphos when, in 1972, at a 
‘rump' synod in Limassol, he 
and the Bishops of Kitium and 
Kyrenia attempted to unseat 
-Archbishop Makarios on the 
grounds that his dual headship 
of church and state was con- 
trary to canon law. 

In the following year how- 

ever the three were found 
guilty of schism by a synod of 
the Eastern Orthodox 
Churches in the Middle East 
and were themselves d Sf 1 
throned and deprived of cleri- 
cal power and authority. 

In 1974 Yennadios was 
proclaimed Archbishop by the' 
Eoka-B terrorists whom he 
supported, and swore in Nicos 
Samson, the ex-gnerilla gun- 
man, as President of Cyprus. 

The new regime was howev- 
er, short-lived as Turkey, pro- 
voked by what it saw as Greek 
nationalist provocation by the 
Athens government, invaded 
Cyprus a week later. 

Yennadios subsequently ac- 
cepted a pardon, after the 
death of Makarios, and was 
restored to the office of bish- 
op, though not to his see of 



Miss Eve Saville, MBE, who 
died recently at the age of 78, 
was for thirty years editorial 
secretary of the British Jour- 
nal of Criminology and gener- 
al secretary of the Institute for 
the Study and Treatment of 
Delinquency. Both institu- 
tions can now claim a history, 
prestige and scientific reputa- 
tion mainfainwH almost Single 
handed at times by Miss 

She took over an institute 
formed in the early 1930s 
from the Association for the 
Scientific Treatment of Crimi- 
nals and the celebrated work 
of such eminent lawyers and 
psychiatrists as Lord Choriey, 
and Dis Carroll, Glover and 

Miss Saville aimed to con- 
tinue their pioneer vision and 
maintained the interdisciplio- 
ary basis, concentrating on the 
wider aspects of prevention 
and treatment of crime, with 
emphasis on 'study' in three 
directions - research, publics 
tions and educational 

Although it had now be- 
come a volutary 
organisation with limited 
funds. Miss Saville achieved 
success in all three aspects , 

the 1STD being renowned for 
a variety of research studies 
which became important oon- 
* tributions published as aseries 
; of pamnhlets over the years. 

She wifi be remebered best 
however for her inimitable 
biannual bulletins, die many 
study tours abroad, confer- 
ences, and courses, regular 
visits to penal and therapeutic 
institutions and the annual 
winter lecture series. 

No small part of that suc- 
cess was in bringing together, 
over those thirty years for 
discussion, psychiatrists, psy- 
chologists , lawyers and magis- 
trates, academics and 
teachers, probation officers 
and social workera, the prison 
service and the police, resi- 
dential staff and the layman. 

She remained throughout 
her life a private, committed 
individual with both intellec- 
tual and managerial distinc- 
tion; she accepted tribute only 
reluctantly, and only pan of 
her stipend, but remained in 
office until her death and 
leaves a real problem in the 
survival of a major establish- 
ment for the study and treat- 
ment" of delinquency in this ■ 
country. • m 


Mr Julian Roosevelt, one of 
the two United States repre- 
sentatives on the Internation- 
al Olympic Committee, has 
died in hospital in New York. 
He was 64. 

Roosevelt, a great-nephew 
of the former American Presi- 
dent, Theodore Roosevelt, 
won a yachting gold medal in 
the Olympic Games in Helsin- 
ki in 1952. and was a also a 
member of the Unted States 

team for the Games in 1948 in 
London and again in Mel- 
bourne in 1956. 

He had also been a member 
of uie Harvard University 
rowing crew. 

"as.ctected a member of 
the IOC in 1974. As such he 

had proposed that South Afri- 
ca be readmitted to the Olym- 
pic family for the Los Angeles 
Games m 1984, but there was 
tittle support for the motion. 

tial equator has a meridian 
altitude of about 60 deg. 

Furthermore, mu ch of H ydra 
lay 5.000 yean ago along the 
equator, though it is now to the 
south of it. In Greek mythology 
the killing of Hydra, the Water 
Snake, was one of the labours of 
Hercules. Corvus the Raven or 
Crow is alighting on Hydra and 
Crater the Cup is resting oa iL 
The group has been associated 
with the Deluge, and Corvus 
with the bind sent out by Noah 
to check how the Flood was 

Crater to the Greeks was, 
among other things, “The Gob- 
let of Apollo'', to the Romans 
“The Cup of Apollo”, and to the 
Babylonians “The Bowl of the 
Snake”. Corvus has two stars 
brighter than third magnitude, 
but Corvus none brighter than 

As far as the bright stars are 
concerned, the night sky is not 
so very different from last 
month, though the descent of 
Orion into the rapidly advanc- 
ing twilight is obvious. The 
lengthening daylight reduces the 
“life" of winter constellations, 
whereas in the autumn the 
shortening days prolongs that of 
the summer groups. 


the horizon the observer is feeing (shomfbv the JorekSS? 
curie) is , at the bottom, the SSfog 

10 ? stronora crs as Universal Time and 


C" *:•; 

L>» J1S45 



•• A fcr.. 



:• il Television 

j*. ‘ 5{ 

.% Sadistic 
| laughs 

! • Live television always has a 
1 y kind of bullfight exritraept; at 
.^v , 1 any moment the gunning 
. f ^'CTeatare io die centre of the' 
», ' i-v fiction can pot a foot moiy and 
■■: * 5 ? be gored to death. Saturday 
. Zft* (C h a n ne l 4), an alterna- 
'i live review which ended its 
first ran at the weekend; aimed 
to' add this sadistic thrill to 
^ comedy with a political bite. 
'• 1; The mix was similar to that of 
> "•< the^American Saturday Night 
lira, which has been for some 
yens.' the best breeding- 
T ..v\ ground for laughter in the 
English^pealdng world. 

'^.:V The objective was finally 

- V* achieved, with some hard les- 

: _ sons. Tbe programme's poUd- 

tj cal conscience was almost 
wholly confined to the poetry 
of Craig Charles, who was the 
■ \ serie 8 *Tnost notable discovery. 
,' ^ ? *I 3 sewfee, experience proved 
%: mere valuable than anarchy. 
..'•■j BeahliftiUy- timed perfor- 
; mances by veterans like Spike 
Mflfigan, John Wells and 
.. ‘ ) John Bird, got more teqghs 
/^y than the new generation's 
strategy of rraamag around 
smashing things and shooting 
' ' 4 words that were once eoiisld- 
ered rnde. 

- \\ x ». Experience also told in 
“il'S Anno Domini (BBC1X a $25 
million series about the rise of 

- Christianity and the decline of 
y Rome. It was written by 
, / Anthony Bnrgess and pro- 

r dnced by Vincent LabeUa, the 
:'i team who gave os Jesus of 

- Nazareth. Sadly, this was the 
.'*** ultimate in Mogadon viewing 

,*' c and only actors of presence 

■ t and acoompfishment like the 
"'■Slate James Mason, lan 

^ McShane and die newcomer 
*' ■■ z'm Nefl Dixon, sacceeded in hoM- 
' tog the attention. 

. O Blame for the inexorable 
? ^ , J tedium of this chronicle proba- 
- . Uy rests with tbe director, 

. . ; [ v Smart Cooper, whose previous 
. t iL credits include nothing of epic 
^ scale, and who appeared nn- 
aware that he was in the same 
i? ~ ball-park as Franco Zeffirelli, 
^ WiUfara Wyler and Pier Photo 
z: : Pasoftri. 

„ He resisted all tempts dens 
-V to spectacle — there woe no 
glittering lemOOS, dancing 
girls, painted catamites or 
dramatic scenes of brutal op- 
! *■*• presrion. Calvary looked like a 
' " ■-*i ' rubbish tip. Some inddents 
were considerably more exdt- 

■ tog as described by Robot 

— ; -^Graves in I Claudius than as 
- brought to fite screen in this 

-IT* vodncthm. Even with -die 
■ r . -*» greatest determination to look 
* ^ oa the bright side. Anno 
‘ ' ~ Domini wa a heB af n vxy to 
' “ f eedrate Easter. 

‘ Uzxk — An Amazon Adten- 

.. \Z tut' (BBC2) was far more 
17- exritfag. The director, Lavinia 
' "'-Warner, made the most of 
Maria Aitkin’s trip up the 
■' Amazon in the wake of a 
v " ^Victorian planter's wife. The 
• ■ ^-jungle landscapes were daz- 
r, ■?’ zUng, and the wildlife all 
•i -present and correct from giant 
anacondas to lurid macaws. 
Maria Aitkin herself was a 
.. guide whose piquant individ- 
. oal tone enhanced the journey. 

Celia Brayfield 




Jack Lang (right) became the most visible, popular and 
sometimes abrasive French Minister of Culture since 
Malraux, bringing the whole question of government and 
the arts to the forefront of public consciousness. But now 
the government has changed, and his successor, Francois 
Leotard (left), finds himself with hugely controversial 
projects already in hand. Charlotte Mosley reports 

Ought the nation to 
contribute to our 
dreams and desires? 

Attracted by the headline “Les 
Annees Lang", a rineasie friend of 
mine bought the latest issue of Les 
Cahiers au Cinema, anticipating a 
review of his hero Fritz Lang's 
career. It says much for toe 
outgoing French Minister of Cul- 
ture (or perhaps about my friend's 
interest in politics) that toe long 
article in this respected monthly 
was entirely devoted to Jack Tang . 
With toe change of government 
France has lost -its most visible 
Minister of Culture since Malraux. 
Indeed it has lost its most popular 
Minister, who soon became known 
as the Minister of Propaganda for 
toe Socialist government. 

Of course be has not found 
favour with everyone, nor has his 
energetic wife Monique C*La Mau- 
vaise Lang”) who according to the 
Figaro magazine manipulated in a 
rather dubious fashion toe interna- 
tional show-business personalities 
who “signed” one of Mitterrand’s 
election appeals. This appeal. 

which took toe form of lull-page 
advertisements in the national 
press, exhorting the French to re- 
elect toe government that had put 
France back on toe cultural map, 
typified for Lang's detractors toe 
worst of his reign: a lot of money 
spent for show. 

The English spelling of his first 
name is misleading: on the one 
band be has been one of the most 
vociferous critics of “Franglais" 
and has fought against the en- 
croachment of American culture in 
French cinema and television, 
branding Dallas and Dynasty as the 
equivalent of cultural imperialism 
(which has not stopped either series 
being shown on French television). 
On toe other hand, Lang has 
showered foreign stars with toe 
Legion of Honour decoration, in- 
cluding Elizabeth Taylor and Mar- 
tha Graham. 

Lang has left his successor, 
Francois Leotard, with a difficult 
act to follow. During his ministry 

Giscardian policy of promoting 
France's cultural heritage came 
-into its own, helped by a phenome- 
nal increase ra toe cultural budget. 
The subsidy for tbe film industry 
alone was increased 7.5 times from 
£21 million in 1977-81 to £150 
million during Lang’s five-year 
reign. No area of toe arts, however 
lowly, was considered unworthy of 
state intervention. A comic-strip 
museum is being built in Angou- 
leme, a school for pop singers was 
set up two years ago and a national 
centre for circus training opened in 
a Parisian suburb on January 13 
this year. 

But these are small fry. The 
Socialists' most ambitious and 
controversial plan centred around 
toe £1.4 billion Grands Projets 
which not even tbe austerity 
programme of 1985 seems to have 
dented. It is for these that Jade 
Lang's term of office will almost 
certainly be remembered. The size 
and scope of the project are 

spectacular and make an impres- 
sive list. Most memorable, because 
of the passions it aroused, is 
LM. Pei’s glass pyramid which will 
crown toe expanded and renovated 
Louvre. Criticized by some as 
making tbe museum look like an 
annexe to Disneyland, it has had 
the advantage of allowing archeo- 
logical excavations to take place in 
toe 12 ib -century crypt which will 
be on show to toe public. 

At toe Bastille the foundation 
has been laid for what is toe most 
extravagant of toe Socialist pro- 
jects: a £200 million opera house 
designed by toe Canadian architect 
Carlos Ott due to open in 1989 
when it should be able to receive a 
million opera-lovers a year. An 
international communications cen- 
tre at a new Ministry of urbanism, 
housing and transport is rapidly 
being erected in Paris's mini- 
Manhattan. La Defense. The roof 
is being put on to an Arab Institute 
on toe Left Bank. The Ministry of 

Finance, which was finally prised 
out of toe Louvre, is being re- 
housed in a monumental “bru- 
xalist” complex along toe Seine at a 
cost of £250 million. The imagina- 
tive project of converting toe old 
Quai d'Orsay railway station into a 
museum of 1 9th -century art, which 
began under Giscard, was expand- 
ed by toe last government and 
should open in December this year. 

The scale of the Grands Projets 
has inevitibly meant that few have 
been brought to completion under 
toe Socialists. In order to show toe 
public that they were getting their 
money's-worth toe City of Science 
and Technology (not museum, as it 
might sound stuffy) was opened in 
unseemly haste on March 14 — two 
days before toe election. Only half 
toe projected building is completed 
and visitors at the inauguration 
had to wade through a sea of mud 
and avoid the wet paint. 

No doubt Lang has revitalized 
the arts by throwing vast sums of 

money at them. Even if he has 
turned them into a political foot- 
ball in toe process, at least he has 
brought the whole question of 
government and the arts to toe 
forefront of public consciousness. 
No one in Europe has posed toe 
whole question of public and 
private patronage in such acute 
terms. The new government will 
unquestionably cut back on these 
hugh subsidies and the arts will 
cease to be such a contentious 
political issue, but it will be 
impossible to undo all that toe 
abrasive former minister has 
achieved, and impossible to duck 
the public policy issues be has so 
brilliantly promoted. As Leotard 
said recently on television, “toe 
state should not intervene in our 
dreams and desires". But in 
France, at any rale, it is increasing- 
ly hard to see how this can be 
avoided unless a new race of 
private-sector Medici emerge be- 
tween now and toe year 2000 . 

I Country 

Silk Cut Festival 
Wembley Arena 

Though not without its mo- 
ments of drama, the opening 
night of this, the eighteenth 
annual gathering of tbe old- 
guard country clans, passed 
off with little sense of occa- 
sion. While their loyalty to toe 
cause is not in doubt, country 
fans can constitute a remark- 
ably placid audience. 

Johnny Russell, a discovery 
at fast year’s festival, where 
although low on the bill he 
earned a standing ovation, 
was again more successful 
than most acts in prompting a 
response, though this seemed 
to be' dire' more to' his smug 
jokes and home-spun philoso- 
phizing in between' numbers 
than to toe songs themselves. 
But where a little more atten- 
tion was required, as during 
Rattlesnake Annie’s brief 
acoustic set, a listless un- 
interest took hold. 

As well as playing his own 
set. George Hamilton TV was a 
charming and informative 
compile. “Our next guest has 
been a member of toe Grand 
Ole Opiy for 49 years”, be said 
with unforced admiration, an- 
nouncing Bill Monroe, who 
rattled on a brisk succession of 
traditional favourites. 

Exile were toe only repre- 
sentatives of toe "new wave” 

of country acts to appear. C^r\r\ 

Although by pop or rock 

standards their music is a , 

mildly mainstream confeo- 


SffitaKtaS Bartok Quartet 

They played well, and harmo- Wkmore Hall 

nized adroitly over a steady rTT... , - - 

back-beat But there was a 

tendracytowondffwhen the The problem of playing in 
neighbours would be round to tune haunts all mmiriansTbut 



Intonation matters But oh for Sullivan’s music ► 


“The good news is that 
George Jones is definitely 
here”, Hamilton announced. 
The headlining of Jones, who 
during his period of decline in 

especially violinists, from 
their first lesson to the day 
they retire (and h will be an 
early retirement, too. if they 
do not deal with it effectively). 
It is not a “once mastered. 

toe late 70s failed to turn up at never forgotten” skill either 
more than 50 scheduled per- ^ battle involving reflex 

formances, was indeed on 
hand, bat he nearly did not 
stay for very long. Unhappy 
with the sound balance, be 
walked off the stage after jour 
songs. Adjustments were 

calculations of minute dis- 
tances has to be re-fought and 
won every day. 

So one feh: sympathy for toe 
Barttik Quartet here, but also 

made, and he returned to sing disappointment that an en- 
his slow, lachrymose HaBatk, semble with such a formidable 
conjuring an unmistakable at- reputation, offering who l c- 
mospbere of after-hours mel- hearted if sometimes quirky 

anchoiia. His final song, "He 
Stopped Loving Her Today”, 
was typical of the genuine 
painful emotion that can still 
be wrought from tbe much- 
abused country genre by a 
master of toe form. 

Roused at last, toe audience 
cheered for more, bat Jones 
had had enough, and did not 
return. It is hoped that Johnny 
Cash will be able to dose the 
festival with more enthusiasm 

David Sinclair 

interpretations, should fre- 
quently falter in intonation 
matters. What had been a 
minor irritant in Beethoven's 
Op 18 No 3 and toe Debussy 
G minor Quartet became 

must surely be the paramount ! 
consideration here. 

The great pity was that in 
many other areas toe Hungar- 
ians showed considerable 
technical resourcefulness. 
Beethoven demonstrated their 
light-bowed homogeneity of 
tone, toe clarity and finesse of 
the interplay between individ- 
uals — a rapport borne of long 
ac quain tance — and their slrin 
at displacing the expected 
accent while maintaining 
overall momentum. 

Debussy encouraged the 
flowering of the quartet’s lyri- 
cal side, especially in toe 
rhapsodic Andantino where 
there was especially melliflu- 
ous solo work by the violist 
and cellist Some of the porta- 
mend seemed miscalculated, 
and toe search for ecstasy in 
tbe finale's dosing pages suc- 
ceeded only in producing 
whipped-up frenzy, but the 
second movement was a magi- 
cal landscape of charactemil 
plucked passages and subtly 
shaded ostman, and the quick 


Elizabeth Hall 

So. farewell then, GLC. And 
farewell too toe GLC-spon- 
sored satirical revues of 
Alistair Beaton and Ned 
Sherrin: having gleefully tra- 
duced Gilbert and Sullivan in 
the Ratepayers' Iolamhe and 
the Metropolitan Mikado , 
they now train the pop-gun of 
their wit on Dickens. 

Here, Pip appears as the 
black adopted son of middle- 
class “progressives" from Is- 

lington who have emigrated to 
Billericay; Magwjtch is an 
uncouth reporter from The 
Sun looking for a heartwarm- 
ing story; Miss Havisham has 
turned into “Ms" Havisham. 
the voracious cocktail femi- 
nist editor of Spare Side 
magazine; her ward is a dumb 
blonde newsreader by the 
name of Estdla Scott; and 
Herbert Pocket is a coke- 
snorting entrepreneur who 
launches young Pip from his 
warehouse flat in Docklands. 

The up-fuid-coining graffiti 
artist gets his face in The Face, 
appears on toe South Bank 
Show and exhibits at toe Tate 

before learning his true par- 
entage on This is Your Life. 

The strength of the authors* 
earlier outings lay in Sull- 
ivan’s music, and toe signal 
weakness of this entertain- 
ment is not its feeble plot nor 
its reliance on toe weasel bite 
of topicality so much as tbe 
score of toe American com- 
poser Gerrard Kenny. Despite 
some highly proficient singing 
and dancing from Michael 
Seraphim and Maria Fried- 
man in the principal roles, it is 
less of an end-of-an-era romp 
than a trite and unamusing 
end-of-tbe-pier show. 

Martin Cropper 


more disruptive to tbe flow of chordal sections in toe open- 
Tchaikovskys Quartet No 1 — ing movement had a taut 

not just in the passionate 
allegro movements, where 
most quartets are prepared to 
ri sk some raggedness as they 
dig their bows deep in toe 
accepted Russian manner, but 
even in the celebrated Andan- 
te Gmtabile. Simple purity 

and Richard Morrison introduces BBC2’s 
- T Co si fan tuite , to be shown tonight 

Competitive spirit 

' . .T* 

- - , . - ,>■- 

" - • ■ - >■: 

L.- . 

5 - ; By a doleful coincidence Wagr 
t -.:' ner has shown up the worst in 
the two London opera houses 
in recent new productions. 
. Parsifal at the Coliseum finds 

i t-'' - Joachim Herz following an 
interesting line, but quite feif- 
. ' ing to come, to terms with 
-• much of the atmosphere of the 
piece, or with its spectacle. 
r The Flying Dutchman at 
• Covent Garden, offering dis- 
tinctly less evidence of origi- 
’ nal thought about the opera, 
also fails to operate on the 
: scale of its subject. 

- Of course these are works 
."j! that nowadays one wants to 
• ,'••• question rather hard, and ask 
what is redemption in Wag- 
. ner’s terms, what and where- 
. . " fore the guilt that rages in the 
Dutchman and becomes the 

very substance of ParsifaL 

\ how the illusion of unity is 
produced within works that 

company had good reason to 
rely after his Boris there. Bui 
toe principle remains. 

Operatic productions have 
an unusual degree of perma- 
nence. and their costs, over an 
expected long period of subsi- 
dized running, are high. Per- 
haps they should be planned, 
therefore, more like ventures 
in • another semi-permanent 
and costly art, that of architec- 
ture. The recent Parsifal, and 
still more so toe recent Dutch- 
man, had flaws that could 
easily have been detected at an 
early stage, but presumably by 
then it was too late for much 
to be done. I£ however, these 
productions had been present- 
ed as blueprints before being 
com missioned _ then subse- 
quent history might have been 
very different. Of course, there 
will be cases where manage- 
ments will be happy to give a 
nroducer carte blanche, but 

v tie - 
- -3 1 

plainly draw on all kinds of producer carte blanche, but 
/ musical, mythic, pictorial lit- there must be many rases too 
“ erary and philosophical sour- where the ^pportimny of a 
ces. But, before the questions production might be opened 
can be asked, the defendant to competition, 
has to be brought into toe One would have to see; of 
court, and both the ENO and course, whether opera produc- 
the Royal Opera have allowed ers turned out to have more 
f Warner toescape with a hauteur than architects when 
i waJSn* it came to submitting projects, 

i Thiswould be all very well But maybe they would recog- 
if productions of these operas nize that chances to stage 
t , u-S sufficiently frequent to Parsifal do not crop up every 
be disposable, but of course day, and that preparmg an 
ibev are not. The ENO have outline production m«ht be a 

Thomas Hampson, whose Gugliehno in Cost fan tutte 
mixes personable grace and considerable power 

The BBC has been promoting before toe jolly fast ensemble, 
its new television version of which is sung over toe credits) 
Cost fan tutte (tonight BBC2 perfectly raptures toe rueful 
and Radio 3) heavily, and mood of four sadder and wiser 
with justification. Jonathan lovers. 

Miller’s production is hand- The production's romantic 
some: toe singing is generally emphasis is heightened by 
top-notch. some thoroughly frill-blooded 

What impresses most, how- singing, particularly of the Act 
ever, is the ingeniously sparse • II duets. The virtues of A ntoo- 
tele vision treatment. Miller ny Rolfe Johnson (Ferrando), 
never uses three camera shots Jean Rigby (DorabeUa) and 
on an aria where two will John Rawnsley (Don Alfonso) 
suffice, and, to compensate for are well enough known to 
the small screen’s lack of British opera-lovers. Ashley 
width, much use is made of Putnam’s Fiordiligi is a viva- 
foreground and background cious lass, vocally exciting in 

never done Parsifal before, 
and will be a while 
before Covent Garden returns 
to Montsalvat after toe ill- 
fated production by Terry 
Hands, never revived since its 
unveiling in 1 979. So, whereas 
an unlucky choke of anger or 
conductor can soon be put 
right, hiring the wrong pro- 
ducer may have effects lasting 
a decade or more. To be fair, 
Mike: Ashman . was not toe 
Royal Opera's first choice for 
the Dutchman: this was to 
have been, staged by Andrei 
Tarkovsky, on ’whom toe 

useful exercise. Maybe, too, 
companies would be able to 
eliminate designs toal were 
going to be too big for their 
stages, or productions that 
were plainly groping in the 

Nobody would wish to deny 
producers tbe right , to dream 
their own dreams: indeed, it is 
the absence of a dream that 
one feels ax both of tbe new 
Wagner productions. And it 

groupings in toe ensembles: a 
stylized “picture frame" de- 
vice, perhaps, but ideal for 
allowing several characters* 
reactions to be observed si- 
multaneously. Even David 
Myerscough Jones’s set is an 
economical though beautiful- 
ly detailed, 1790s Neapolitan 
interior of browns and pastels, 
which is literally unwrapped 
during the overture. 

Da Ponte’s libretto might 
have been saying something 
sexist about -women: Miller 

mayeven be that the dreams jprefers to put both sexes 
would be the more vivid for through a disoriematmg expe- 

being quizzed a bit at toe 
start — PX3-. 

rience. The final freeze-frame 
(toe action is stopped just 

tbe upper register at least, and 
one would like to hear much 
more of toe American bari- 
tone Thomas Hampson, 
whose Gugtiehno mixes per- 
sonable grace and consider- 
able power. 

The London Sinfoniena un- 
der Peter Robinson plays with 
unusually hard-edged accen- 
tuation, though the fiddles are 
less than unanimous in places. 
Ruth and Thomas Martin’s 
English translation is a lively 
affair, but rhymes like “Good 
gracious, how loquacious” 
tend to evoke Lorenz Hart 
more than' Lorenzo da 
Ponte. — RJM. 

muscularity that was properly 
“anime et trts decide”. Here 
was a frustrating glimpse of 
the quanet in top form. 

Richard Morrison 



London Choral 
Festival Hall 

It is not so easy to sit down 
and write sense after an expe- 
rience such as Bach's Si 
Matthew Passion : one’s im- 
mediate impression is that 
half the greatest music of the 
last 500 years is contained in 
this supreme expression of 
grief and its underlying thread 
of consolation. 

The performance took a 
while to find itself, some of 
Jane Glover’s tempi were half 
a notch too flow, as in toe 
opening chorus, which did not 
really develop enough mo- 
mentum to launch toe work 
on its long journey. But soon 
toe music seemed to take 
charge, as it always does, its 
interaction of narrative, con- 
templative and dramatic ele- 
ments mostly coming across 
with sufficient vividness. The 
London Choral Society made 
much of their dramatic set- 
pieces. while toe English 
Chamber Orchestra respond- 
ed tellingly to Bach’s endless 
miracles of instrumentation. 

Anthony Rolfe Johnson, in 
less than ideal voice, was 
nonetheless a commanding 
Evangelist Rodney McCann, 
replacing Willard White at 
short notice, made a dignified 
Christus; and toe arias drew 
some fine singing from the 
bass David Wilson-Johnson, 
the tenor Laurence Dale and 
(particularly) toe counter-ten- 
or Paul Esswood. 

Felicity Lott's gentle and 
pliable soprano was memora- 
bly suited to “Have Mercy, 
Lord", whose violin obbligato 
was wonderfully played by 
Jose-Luis Garcia. Here, of all 
places, we could have done 
without the determined 
coughing obbligato from a 
certain contingent of toe 

Malcolm Hayes 

As from 1st April 1986, the interest rates on 
shares and deposits will be as follows: 



balances over £10.000 
balances under £10,000 
balances over £10,000 









8.65 12.18 

uaianueo unuet j-iu.uuu 




4. 1.^1. 



















DEPOSITS (Personal) 



DEPOSITS (Basic Rate) 



DEPOSITS (Higher Yield Basic Rate) 



OTHER ACCOUNTS Existing High Interest Term Share- 
holders, 5 Star Bond holders. Special Investment Shareholders 
and Golden Key Account holders are notified that their interest 
rates will be reduced by 1.0% from 1st April 1986 but the 
differentials above the Paid-up Share rate will be maintained at 
the existing level. 

When you want a better investment 

Building Society — — 


Head Office. Yorkshire House, Westgate. Bradford BD1 2AU. Tel: (0274) 734S22. 

7£>U bi4nL>vM «fKl a ihioughoul ihrf tcunir, 

Kirtit^AxIociauan Member o! Ihi Building Sot' *n‘ I m 
Member at L ink Taut *tivid £ I ~$Q yui> £i iv.i 

Memhi*! at if* Building Ssofli,, Ajjotuuon Member ol Ibi Building Soc>«iv iromwwW Pioi^icm 

> : i a» u i wai »LVv T , fM 

The different faces of James Cagney 

Cagney as Admiral Halsey. US commander in the Pacific, in Gallant Hours; Bottom in Midsummer Night’s Dream; and a police chief in Ragtime. 

From Ivor Davis 

James Cagney, who went 
from a celebrated film song- 
aud-dance man to one of 
Hollywood's most lovable and 
most mimicked screen tOHgh 
guys, died at his farm in 
Duchess Grant)-. New York, 
yesterday after a long illness. 

The actor, who had suffered 
from falling health daring the 
last few years of his life, bad 
been discharged from hospital 
only a few days ago. He was 
86 . 

Although after 65 films 
Cagney whs best remembered 
for his roles as gangland 
mobsters in films like the 
Public Enemy, Angels With 

Dirty Faces. The Gallant 
Hours and LadykUler. it was 
his role in the 1942 film 
Yankee Doodle Dandy, in 
which he played George M 
Cohan, and won an Oscar for 
best actor, that turned him into 
almost a patriotic symbol for , 
the United States. In that 
musical be sang and danced in 
a magnfificent, strutting^ per- 
formance as the vaodevi Ilian 

Throughout his lifetime he 
was one of the most mimicked 
Hollywood stars, with movie 
lines like “You dirty rat" 
(which he never delivered in a 
film) and “Don’t get me mad 
see" (which he did say oa 
screen) becoming staple im- 

personations in comedy acts 
for nearly half a century. 

It was in the 1931 film 
Public Enemy that Cagney got 
the toogb-gny label which 
stock for his entire life. In that 
picture be was asked to throw 
an omelette at co-star Mae 
Clark, but instead improvized, 
and squashed a grapefruit on 
her face thus launching one of 
the most lncrative tough-guy 
careers in screen history. 

Although recognized as a 
tough-as-steei screen type, an 
equal among contemporaries 
like Edward G. Robinson and 
Humphrey Bogart, in fife 
Cagney was a sweet self- 
effacing man, acutely uncom- 

fortable in the role as a high 
profile actor. 

He officially retired from 
Hollywood in 1961, explain- 
ing: “The days aren't long 
enough for me. I spend most of 
my tune on my farm." He did 
devote his energies to running 
his (arm, raising cattle and 
staying oat of the public 
spotlight. In 1974 be returned 
to Hollywood to become the 
first recipient of the American 
Film Institute's lifetime 
achievement award. 

James Francis Cagney, who 
was born in New York City in 
July 1899, the second of five 
children of an Irish saloon- 
keeper, vowed not to return to 
film-making hot in 1980 was 

tempted out of retirement to 
star in Milos Foreman's film 
Ragtime, in which he played a 
New York police commission- 

When asked about his long 1 
screen career and endnring 
tough-gay roles, Cagney said: 
“I was never a serious actor, I 
was a song-and-dance man, a 

And asked why he retired 
from films so early, he ex- 
plained: “I didn't like it Fd 
been at it for some 40 years. It 
wasn't fan any more. After a 
while it gets down to essential 
needs. Yon need a wife, need 
friends, yon need some money, 
good talk and yon need the 

Village voice 

to give i 

The quarrel in the Temple Square, wherea 
visiting official was surrounded by angty 
villagers, threatened to get out of hand. 
“Fetch the headman," someone cafled out. 
He arrived running, just in time to avert a 
fracas, but has lived to regret his 

Naim Singh bad been staking tmonres 
among ■ government officials ever since he 
had teen elected headman. Otter headmen 
demanded bribes from 'diggers for support- 
ing ah application for a disability poisioiv 
for certifying a document, for any service it 
Was their duty to perform. They shared the 
proceeds with officials higher up the ladder. 
But Nain Singh would have no truck wi th tte 
system and denounced it at every 

opportunity. ■ • 

The hea dman, a taH, square-snouloerea 
man with a walrus moustache, could often be 
beard in the Temple Square thundering 
agains t the thieving bureaucracy — “paper 
horses," as he called them. 

He came from the Rajput caste, warriors- 
turned-fermers, yet the low-caste Harijans 
trusted him. They had been the formers' 
serfs, but he bad stood up for them when the 
Government abolished bondage in the 
1970s. He had risked his position in the 
Rajput community by freeing his own 
bondsmen and cajoling and bullying others 
to do Likewise. 

The official who bad started the alterca- 
tion in the square had come to the village to 
investigate the embezzlement rtf’ post office 
funds. He was aggressively drunk, foul- 
mouthed, provocative. The village suspected 
that the investigator's task was to protect 
officials guilty of comptierty, notto bnng the 
embezzler to book. , ' , , 

Inspector mutters 
vengeance threats 

Nam Singh had entered the crowd to 
disperse and gave the visitor a piece of his 
mind. Instead of provoking the villagers and 
causing a brawl, he said, he should be looking 
for the real culprits among his fellow 
officials, who were the source of all 
corruption. The inspector retired to sleep it 
oft muttering threats of vengeance. 

On his return to tire mountain township 
from which the region is administered, he 
reported that Nam Singh bad interfered with 
his attempt to carry out his assignment. Soon 
word reached tire village that the sub- 
divisional magistrate, the highest govern- 
ment officer in tire area, had ordered the 
headman's arrest — for ob str uct in g an official 
in the execution of his duty. 

Nam Singh had often told me that the 
magistrate was foe kingpin of the local 

system of coemption, aid . bad openly 
proclaimed ibis in the village square. The 
magistrate could not have been unaware of 
it Was the arrest warrant his response? -• . 

-You can't fi&s the sysurm," Nam Singh's 
friends waned hint The vfiagen were 
always talking about the Harass* supposed 

.i " — niita. C.mIi n i hn riwHift kiuf 

made a fortune out of government grami 
intended to improve the contiitios of the 

to expose him and bad retired to a ma&ton 
in town to five cm his share of the foods ire. 
had allowed officials to siphon off 


The kw-cafles* latest representative on the 
Harijan Wdfare Bond, Manggiiam, whose 
octoroon of bribes from the poorest villagers 
I described last week, knows he can do so 
with impuni t y . He issafe, the villagers say, 
because be shares the bribes with fm 
pr otector in the aty. a government employee 
who has made a name for- himself a$ the 
bexrefectorof ttehdl villages. _ . 

‘ When the vifl^eis complain. Mangatram 
tdis them riot his patron has the car of the 
Rime Minister and can stop foe flow of 
govexameat fowls to the area. The help they 
rreedsobaBy woki cease altogether. So they 
pay the bribes mid beep quiet. 

. the ChS^Mirrister in the stat^apfra], 

^^i^was^^^ e bm^fomdusions were 
not acted upon. . ... 

The magistrate who issued foe warrant for 
the headman's arrest was at last transferred 
because, foe villagers say, he had efispteoed 
some politicians. But Nam Singh continued 
to be dragged through the courts, diverted 
from his duties as headman, his energies 
absorbed by the need to defend hnnsdL Yet 
he re&sed togjrre in. *1 owea debt to foe peo-‘ 
pie who elected are," he kept saying. 

The restite of p re v i ous inquiries, foe 
villagers always said, had been covered with 
whitewash because the tag man in town had 
friends in hfeb pfaww. How. I asked Nab 
Singh, could he hope to prevail against foe 
system after years of futile struggle?' 
i The headman conceded that he jnij^U not 
be aWeio do anyttuagnatris aura, "lint one- 
day," he predicted, “yaaH write about what 
you've seen in; foe village and the Prime 
Minster wifi read it and wifi come here. Or 
hell mder an investigation." ■ 

“R^iv," be said, -wifi get to foe bottom cf 
this." ' 



Today’s events 

New exhibitions 
Memories of Ireland, photo- 
graphs: National Theatre, South 
Bank, SEI ; Mon to Sat 10am to 
11pm (ends May 10). 

Screenprints by-Julia Wilson: 
Greenwich Theatre Art Gallery, 
Crooms Hill. SEICk Mon to Sat 
10 to 6 (ends April 25). 

Glass. Sculpture and Prints: 
Frame Museum Gallery. North 
Parade. Somerset; Mon to Sat 
10 to 4 (ends May 2). 

Etchings by D Y Cameron; 
Aberdeen Art Gallery. 
Schoolhili; Mon to Sat 10 to 5, 
Thurs 10 to 7, Sun 2 to 5. (ends 
June 12) 

Last chance to see 
Missionary's Letter of 

Discovery of the Moa; The 
British Library, Great Russell 
St, WCl; 10 to 5 JO. 

Works by Joshua Reynolds; 
Royal Academy of Arts, WI; 10 
to 6. 

Ecology and Electricity Sup- 
ply' Industry; Natural History 
Museum, Cromwell Rd, SW7; 
10 to 6. 

Egyptian Landscapes. ' 
weavings from the Ramses , 
Wissa WasseF School; City of 
Edinburgh Art Centre, 2 Market 1 
St; 10 to 5. 

Three Artists from Orkney; 
MacRobert Arts Centre, 
University of Stirling: 1 1 to S. 


Flemenco Vivo, flemenco 
dancing and guitar Royal Festi- 
val Hall, 12.30. 

“Unfinished Symphony”, 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,007 


1 The entertainment of 
guests could be up to her, 
say (5,5). 

6 Provided on return with 
quiet perch, perhaps (4). 

9 A fisherman likes to. but not 
while sweeping (5,1,4). 

4 I ted to stress outside 
chance (8). 

5 Put a roof on yonder church 

( 6 ). 

7 Fashionable lady of the 
Crossways in a state (7). 

8 River's got fish - about 12 

I » *r.\ t '. : dm M 

JiaSSiSKMsiWHilSIIiSn . 
I5-P8 13 B 9 ; K isL'ifl 
limssnannf? .'iaanHng 

lE'.IST (If 15 E B -lil . , 

la ' e -a is m 
lianaisisH aissiaaHHBs 
. IF - B M 

|t3BOB!SIIR!IH i355fpliwni^j 
p b ■ ' b ' k m 
Is O- □ (31 33--CD m s 
|i=EHHO ilGSlBllrallSME 
la H-Hl- n 

| GLC says foreweU: Royal Festi- 
val Halt South Bank, SEI. 7. 

Guitar duo by Tom Dupre 
and Richard Hand; St Martin- 
in- the- Fields, Trafalgar Sq, 
WC2, 1.05. 

Concert by the Gabridi String . 
Quartet, with Emmy Veihey 
and William Naborc, Wigmore 
Hall, Wigmore St, WI, 7.30 

Concert by the Guarneri Trio; 
St Andrew's Church, Edin- 
burgh; 1. 

Organ recital by lan Tracey; 
Liverpool Cathedral 11.15. 

Cran brook Town Band, Hie 
Terrace, De la Ware Pavilion, 
BexhiD-on-Sea, II. 

Ravi Shankar and Kumar 
Bose, The Roundhouse, Chalk 
Farm Road, NW 1,7.30. 

Teddy Bears* Easter Conceit 
by the London Concert Or- 
chestra, Barbican Hall, EC2, 3. 

Easier Festival of Black mu- 
sic, Town and Country Club. 9- 
17 Highgate Road, Kentish 
Town, NW5. 

An Easier concert of Chamber 
Music, Endymion Ensemble, St 
Paul's Church, Covent Garden, 
WCl 3. 


The Golden Age of English 
Furniture, exhibition and craft 
demonstration: Brights of 
Nettlebed Showrooms. Eliza- 
beth Brown House, 15 
Cannonbury St, Berkeley, Glos; 
10 to 4. 

FareweD to the GLC; music, 
children's events, circus stalls, 
fairground, firework and laser 
display (8 and 12 midnight); 
Jubilee Gardens and the Smith 
Bank, SEI, 2 through to 12 pm. 

Covent Garden Street The- 
atre. street entertainment of 
every kind; West Piazza, WC2, 
from II. 

■ End of the Road Show, song 
and puppet show on topical 
issues: Covent Garden Piazza, 
WC2, ring 240 5451 for 

The Best and Last of the GLC 
New Variety Shows: Old White 
Horse, 261 Brixton Road, SW2, 
8 . 

Children's Day at Battersea I 
Park, marching bands and ma- 
jorettes. funfair, face painting, 
storytelling and treasure hunt, 
plus the Roland Rat Roadshow; 
Battersea Park. 1 1 to 5. 

Easter Eggcitement. 
hatmaking, face painting, story 

rra i imtT' fa .l'j.i.!# 

val Hall Foyer, South Bank, 
SEI. I to 4. 

Fun Run, Highate Woods and 
Village by London Hash House 
Hamers; meet Highg ate Under- 
ground. 5.30 

Crafts Fair; Lauderdale 
House. Waterlow Park, 
Highgate HilL NW6; 1 1 to 6. 

1986 Camden Festival; for 
mformation enquire 01 388 

Antiques and Collectors Fair 
Hammersmith Palais, Shq> 
herds Bush Road, W6. 10 to A 

London Harness Horse Pa- 
rade; Regent’s Park, NW1, II 

Easter Hats and Bonnet Pa- 
rade for youngsters; Barbican 
Centre Conservatory, EC2, 2. 

Antiques and Collectors Fain 
Wembley Arena, Middlesex, 10 
to 4. 

Coafiibuse Fort, a river de- 
fence of East London; East 
Tilbury. Essex, 1 to 5. 

Easier Bonnet Parade: Marine 
Parade, Worthing. Easter E gg 
Hunt; Castle Park. Bangor, 10. 

Model Engineers' Society 
Miniature Railway open day. 

atare notes 


1 London and the South East: 

I A 13: Lane closures on both 
(carriageways of Newham Way 
at East Ham could cause delays. 
AM: Contraflow introduced be- 
tween Rush Green and Hailey 
interchanges, Hoddesdon by- 
pass, diversion -via B1S02L Earls 
Court: Heavy traffic in West 
London -as Ideal Home ex- 
hibition ends. 

The Midlamls: Ml: Lane 
closures between junctions IS 
and 16 N of the Rotherahorpe 
-service area, Northamptonshire. 
M& Birmingham: lane closures 
between junctions 4 (Lydiate 
Ash) and 5 (Rashwood). A453: ; 
Donxrington Park, Leicester- : 
shire, extra traffic likely because 
of motor cycte racing. 

Wales and the West M5e 
Bristol: outside lane closures N 
and southbound between junc- 
tions 15 and 16. A3M: 
Contraflow at Ideford between 
Exeter and Torquay. Bristol 
exhibition centre: expect 
congestion. Ideal Home 


Births: Rend Descartes, 
philosopher, La Haye, France, 
1596; Franz Jose ph Haydn, 
Rohrau, Austria, 1 732; Edward 
Fitzgerald, translator of Rubai- 
yat of Omar Khayyam, 
Bredfield, Suffolk, 1809. 

Deaths: John Donne, London, 
1631; John Constable, London, 
1837; Charlotte Bronte, Haw- 
orth, Yorkshire, 1855; Em3 von 
Behring, bacteriologist Nobel 
laureate, 1901, Marburg, Ger- 
many, 1917. 

The Eiffel Tower was inaugu- 
rated, 1889. 

The week’s walks 

The North: AJ(M> Contra- 
flow on the southbound 
carriageway near the junction 
.with foe A66, County Durham. 
Al: Contraflow on the Catterick 
bypass, Yorkshire, bridge re- 
pairs. Carfisle Races: congestion 

Scotland: M90: Laneclosures 
between junctions 10(M85)and 
11 (A9). Edinburgh: Folk Festi- 
val, congestion likely; Leigh St, 
width restriction, delays likely. 

Information supplied by AA 

Winning numbers in the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond 
prizes are: £100,000 20 IT 
084155 (the winner lives in 
Stockport). £50,000 15SF 
669292 (Aylesbury). £25,000 
3KZ 383656 (Stockton on Tees). 

Scout Job Week 

Scouts will be taking part in 
oup and individual projects 
am today until April 5 to raise 

fends to support local Scouting. 
All those taking part win have 
an official Job Card which 
people should ask to see if they 
have any doubts about someone 
offering io do a job. 

The pound 


Hong Kong $ 


















A degression In fee North 
Sea Is muring slowly E. A 
cold front across northern 
France at first will mere 
• away into the continent. 

6 am to midnight 

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Shower*, vtsamuy good. Sea 


Londonatc pm to R07 am 
Bri to ! 8.11am to 6.17 am 
EdUborgh 8.1 8 pm to 6.1 6 am 
Moadwtar ai2pm to 6.13 am 

» 822 pm to Mo an 


Yetantop Highest 
day me , highest 

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Are Afrikaners incapable 
of change? In the 

Western Cape, many are 
confounding the 
stereotype. More flexible 
than their fathers, 
not notably intolerant in 
attitude, they do 
not envisage an eruption 
sweeping them away 

On the 
lip of a 


By J.M.Coetzee 

Pams 6y QM Qaktoiatt 

. 1 - 

Some 40 miles from Cape Town, 
oh the fringe of the wine-fa nnin g 
region of the Cape Province, lies 
Stellenbosch, the second-oldest 
town in South Africa. Though it is 
. -.the seal of a major university, 
. Stellenbosch is not a notably 
liberal place. Its students are well- 
behaved. its white voters have 
always stood firmly behind the 
. -National Party, which has held 
. -. :power since 1948. Liberals have 
gamed no footing here, but then 
neither has the ultra-right 
V A few months ago. the highway 
between Cape Town and Stellen- 
v-bpsch . ..was effectively dosed: 

' bands of black and coloured — 
mixed-race — youths hung about 
'dtti-flie vdges or waited on 
_ -^overpasses to stone cars. Burning 
barricades sometimes blocked the 
_ road; on baddays even the airport, 

\ which lies along this route, could 
: be ' readied only under police 
- escort, • 

Today, as I drive out to Stellen- 
bosch, the highway is reputed to 
be safe. 1 pass an armoured troop 
carrier parked under a tree. A 
soldier, crouched on the embank- 
ment, stares at something through 
binoculars. From the vicinity of 
die Crossroads squatter camp, an 
illegal shanty town that has been 
The scene' of recent violence, a 
pillar of yellow smoke rises into 
the air. The sun blazes down. All is 
quiet on_this southern front, by 
.• South African standards. 

I am on my way to meet some of 
. the citizens of Stellenbosch, 
.strangers as yet to me. to hear bow 
they fed about what is going on in 
our country. My mind is open, I 
am ready to be surprised. 

A week ago, in the village of 
Greyiown. I overheard a former, a 
fot apoplectic-looking man . in 
khakis, everyone’s notion of the 
brutal slavemaster. “P.W. Botha 
and his promises”, he growled. “If 
he won’t put up, he should shut 
up.” (The Afrikaans idiom he used 
was a good deal cruder man the 
English version.) If, even in the 
somnolent remoter valleys, Afri- 
kaners were irritated by the snail’s 
pace of change, how much bolder 
might they not be nearer the big 

As I will discover, the people I 
interview do not conform to the 
rei&ung stereotype of the Afrika- 
ner. They do not speak 
contempuously of blacks. They 
are not notably intolerant in their 
attitudes, heartless in their con- 
duct or indolent in their daily life. 
’They seem not to bear the worst 
marks of apartheid, a doctrine and 
a set of social practices that scars 
the moral being of whites as it 
degrades and demeans blacks. 
Whether they can be said to be 
representative of their three mil- 
lion compatriots — in other 
words. of 60 per cent of South 
Africa’s whites — I do not know. 
They all identify themselves as 
Afrikaners, but their allegiances 
seem to lie as much with the broad 
South African middle class as with . 
the Afrikaner tribe. In this respect 
they are typical of the generation 
bom after 1943, a generation that, 
having grown up under Afrikaner 
hegemony, can afford to be more 
self-assured, less belligerently na- ' 
tionaliscic than their fathers. t 

Indeed, I am struck above all by ! 
. the calm of those I interview. They « 

do not talk like people perched on 1 
the lip of a volcano. All of them 1 
believe the world around them is I 
changing (and should be changing t 
foster), but nowhere do they seem s 
to envisage an eruption of change i 
■dial might sweep them away. Yet * 
they live in country seething with 
Mack, anger, and at war on its v 
borders. Has the ring of steel a 
around the black townships fos- v 
tered in. them an unreal sense of r 
security, a culpable ignorance, a s 
foolish calm? Or do they . in truth o 

have darker fears than they are U 

u ready, to divulge? Are they telling 
& the truth, or have they chosen to 
s engage in acts of self-presentation 
1 for an audience of strangers? 

5 I put the question, yet it seems 
to me falsely put. How often in our 
i lives does the truth of ourselves, 
the whole and unm i ye d truth, 

: emerge? Are we not routinely 

- engaged in acts of selfpresenta- 
I lion, acts which it would be 

- excessively puritanical to con- 

i demn as insincere? Surely, in 

getting to know the truth of 
' another person, we neither accept 
. nor reject bis self-presentations, 
butiread them, as best we casein 
whatever context we can summon 
up. A few hours of conversation 
will not give us privileged access 
to “The Afrikaner”: it would be 
naive to expect lhaL What we 
have below are excerpts from the 
texts of four lives, fragments of the 
text of a national discourse. 

I n one of the pleasanter 
white suburbs, I meet 
Kaffie Pretorius, an attrac- 
tive matronly woman in 
her 30s. Brought up in 
Lambert's Bay, on South 
Africa's west coast, where her 
father kept a store, she married an 
academic, settled in Stellenbosch, 
paints in her spare time. But die 
still hankers for the desolate west- 
coast l a nds c ap e: when she goes 
there on holiday, she takes her 
children on long rambles in the 
veld to teach them the plant-lore 
she teamed as a child. 

We speak in Afrikaans, our 
common tongue, the lan g ua g e of 
most of rural South Africa. Like 
everyone else I speak to, Kaffie 
Pretorius is depressed about the 
foiling economy, about accelerat- 
ing inflation and the collapse of 
the South African currency, which 
has led in only a few months to a 
doubling in the prices of imported 
goods, including petroL Yet, to my 
surprise, she observes that these 
economic woes may not be such a 
bad thing: “For the first time. 
Whites are truly affected — for the 
first time they must think serious- 
ly about the future.” And then, 
after a pause: “How did we think 
we could hold on to all of this?” 
She waves a hand to embrace her 
spacious home, the prosperous 
neighbourhood, and beyond it the 
town of Stellenbosch, surrounded 
by thousands of acres of farmland. 
“How did we ever think we could 
hold on to it?” 

I have no reply. I am touched by 
her words; by their suddenness, by 1 
the feeling behind them. Perhaps 1 
one can be so naked only with 1 
strangers. Yet afterwards I wonder 1 
whether J would not have been 
equally touched, though in a 
different way, had she lamented: 
“How can they take all this away 
from us?” Is it a good idea to 
indulge, in oneself or anyone else, 
these fits of voluptuous self- 
recrimination? “Things go in 
phases”, she resumes. “We are the 
generation that will have to make 
the adjustment Our children will 
find it easier. Already, children 
find it easier to relate to coloured 
friends than we ever did.” 

In what spheres of life, I ask. are 
whites going to find it hardest to ;? 
adjust? "Fust, education. When 
schools are integrated, standards 3 
drop. It's unfortunate, but it’s a I 
fact. Look at Zimbabwe. Second. & 
neighbours.” Would she personal- * 
!y mind black or coloured neigh- r 
bouts? “Not at all”, she replies. “If ■ 
a black family could afford to * 
move in next door, I would 
welcome them.” 

I am stnidt'as we talk, by how £ 
vague and shifting her fears are, fa 
and by how typical she is of most S 
whites in ' this respect. At one • S 
moment, she envisages a future 3§ 
social order much like the present § 
one. though without the racial 
laws. Ax other moments, she 

Working logMhen Jon “BohuxT Cocoee, rngby international timed wine-tanner, i, determined to improve labour relations through better working conditions 

seems to have a grimmer picture 
before her eyes: a hand-to-mouth 
existence as an unwelcome guest 
in the land of her birth. It is one of 
the bitterest consequences of the 
decades-long suppression of black 
dissent that ordinary whites now' 
not only have no one with whom 
to imagine negotiating their fu- 
ture. but have not the vaguest idea 
of what blacks might be prepared 
to settle for. 

“Our women are the worst”, 
Kaffie Pretorius remarks. “It is 
because domestic help is so easy to 
get Utter idleness. They get into 
their cars in the morning and drive 
around aimlessly all day. If they 
are the roost conservative, ft is 
because they have the most to 
lose.” . . 

Does she herself have a servant 
and bow have interpersonal rela- 
tions been during the present 
unrest? “Martha is going to have a 
baby soon, which has led us to talk 
to each other more openly. It 
strikes me how hard we find it to 
think our way -into the life our 

servants lead. I wonder bow I 
would feeL, in this awful summer 
beat living in a corrugated steel 

After lunch, some teenage 
friends of the family stop by. They 
have just written their school- 
leaving examinations. For the 
boys, the choice is whether to 
enrol in university and postpone 
military service or go into the 
army. I ask whether they have any 
doubts about serving in Namibia 
(still called South West Africa by 
most White South .Africans), or 
patrolling South Africa's Black 
townships. No. they reply, one 
must be prepared to make sacri- 
fices for one's country. All the 
same, they are cynical about South 
Africa's occupation of Namibia 
and its professed aims there (to 
protect the right of the territory to 
self-determination). As for the 
strife at home, they agree that 
blacks should be given more 
freedom but then, says one of 
them. Dawid. whites should have 
freedom too. freedom to found a 

state in which they will be their 
own masters. I ask where this state 
should be, thinking he will pro- 
pose some liny spartan colony on 
the Orange River. “The Trans- 
vaal, the Orange Free State, and 
northern Natal”, he replies, nam- 
ing a vast area containing perhaps 
three-quarters of South Africa's 
economic resources. “Our forefa- 
thers shed enough blood for those 
parts of the country to justify our 
claim to them.” 

He speaks the language, arro- 
gantly possessive, of the enduring 
right-wing dream of a national 
homeland where the Afrikaner 
will be left to run his affairs 
without interference, and where 
blacks will face a clear and simple 
choice: to stay on as rightless, 
wage-earning sojourners, or to 
pack their bags and seek theft- 
sal ^ vation elsewhere. 

Dawid's friends shake theft- 
heads and smile. Dearly they 
don’t take him seriously. As for 
Dawid, his face is inscrutable. 
Does he believe in what he says, or 

is he trying to shock me? I know 
the streak of sly humour behind 
the Afrikaner's mask of doumess. 
Is Dawid a joker? “What are your 
ambitions?” I ask him. “To 
qualify as a clinical psychologist 
and then go into a career in 
politics”* he replies. 

“I travel widely. 1 talk to many 
people” says Michiei le Roux. “I 
would say that, down to the 
smallest town in South Africa, 
there is a perception that things 
have changed, totally and drasti- 
cally; 1935 has left a mark on 
everyone. There is an awareness 
that the country is in a crisis, and 
this cuts across boundaries of age, 
class, language. 

“No one thinks we need only 
take a few deep breaths for things 
to go back to normal, as they did 
in 1977”, he says, referring to the 
1976-77 uprisings in Soweto that 
shook the country for 18 months. 
“For this reason it has become 
possible for a strong leader to take 
South Africa in a direction that 
would have been unthinkable in 
1984. Anything is thinkable in 
1986. provided that the leadership 
is strong enough.” 

L e Roux, a graduate in 
law, is at the age of 36 
an executive in a Stel- 
lenboscb-based liquor 
company. We meet in 
his spacious office 
overlooking a courtyard in which 
stands an disused wooden wine- 
press, tall as a house. 

Does .the strong leadership he 
refers to exist? “No, clearly it 
doesn't. President Botha gave 
strong leadership — stronger than 
one expected -up to a certain 
point. Then he faltered. The issue 
over which he faltered was resi- 
dential segregation. The feeling 
that we are directionless is wide- 
spread. People have no feeling of 
being on the road to anywhere.” 

If the last year has been a year of 
crisis, how has the crisis manifest- 
ed itself in this quiet, civilized 
town with its oak-lined streets and 
painstakingly restored 18th-centu- 
ry houses? Race relations are 
good, or seem to be, Michiei 
replies. He is conscious of no 
hostility when he visits coloured 
areas, calls for a boycott of white 


Good neighbour: Kaffie Pretorius would welcome a black family next door - if they could afford it 

business have met with little 
success. Yet, he concedes, it is 
quite possible that be is deluded. A 
coloured school principal warned 
him of a “tremendous level of 
aggression” just beneath the sur- 
face. What more can he say? One 
can report only what one sees. 

Where we go from here neither 
of us is sure. I remember the 
soldiers I passed on the highway, 
the smoke over the shanty towns. 
Which is the true face of South 
Africa — Crossroads, burning, or 
Stellenbosch, on the surface so 
placid? Months ago. 1 remember, 
on a quiet Sunday afternoon, I 
cycled through this town. 
"Amandin! (Power!)”, shouted a 
■ voice behind me. I glanced 
around. A man. not black, but 
coloured, waved a fist at me from 
the pavement. "AmandtaT he 
shouted again, in case I had 
misunderstood him. Was his the 
true hidden face of Stellenbosch? 

We talk about foreign slerotypes 
of the Afrikaner. Michiei shrugs 
them off. “Stereotypes are always 
a generation out of date — that is 
their nature.” Would he regard 
himself as a representative mod- 
em Afrikaner? “It is curious how a 
society changes", he replies. “It is 
like a child growing; day by day 
you see no difference, then all of a 
sudden the child is grown up. For 
Afrikaners of my generation, born 
after 1948, the old issues have 
never really had relevance. It is a 
question of self-confidence. The 
Afrikaner's language is no longer 
threatened- He rules the land. The 
things that matter to him today are 
the same things that matter to an 
American, and Englishman, a 
German: his children, his job. his 
salary, his car. bis holiday. He has 
been absorbed into a cultural 
pattern that is basically American. 

“If you ask me to put my finger 
on anything that is different from 
a political point of view about the 
Afrikaner I would say it is simply 
that he tends to be 20 or 30 years 
behind the times. Take racial 
discrimination. Before World War 
11. racial discrimination was a foci 
of life all over the West. The West 
came to realize that it was wrong. 
Now it is gradually becoming 
accepted here that you don't judge 
Continued on page 18. col 1 


Railway line that ran out ol steam 

As a large-scale 
inquiry into British 
Rail’s threat to close 
the Settle-Carlise line 
gets under way, 
Richard North 
reports on the battle 

In the week before the hearing that 
will decide its future, traffic was 
brisk on one of England's most 
beautiful railway lines. 

The Misses Temple, weeded 
enthusiasts, their feet comfortably 
nestled on newspaper on the 
opposite seat were headed for 
Batty Wife Moss Viaduct (rechris- 
tened during its making The 
R/bblehead Viaduct), on the Set- 
tle-Carl isle line: they were going to 

We had been passing high 
moorland with the mountains of 
the Lake District to the west and 
the North Pennines to the east. 
Snow was braving it out wherever 
the lie of land gave it shadowy 
sanctuary. Wherever the terrain 
was too bleak for the spring lambs, 
there were walkers. 

“We came on this train to see 
the Liverpool garden festival" 
said Kathleen Temple. "There 
were primroses and cowslips all 
the way: it was lovely." Her sister 
Nancy 'leant forward to insist that 
surely the chief glory must be the 
Appleby Horse fair, “The gypsies 
come to town, from everywhere. 
They have races in the street". 

Appleby is bang in the middle of 
the line, and may see its last train 
next year when — if — British Rail 
succeeds in closing this monu- 
ment to capitalism, tenacity (hun- 
dreds of deaths occurred among 
the 6.000 navvies who camped in 
shanties during its making), and 
engineering genius. It is at 
Appleby that the Transport Users 
Consuitarive Com mi nee hearings 
into the closure plans began last 

The line was a typical creation 
of the high railway building period 
(it was opened in 1876) in which 
companies battled with each other 
for routes. It had been proposed as 
an alternative route from the 
northern cities to Scotland, more 
as a way of persuading the 
Midland Railway's competitors to 
allow better access to their track 
than as a serious venture. Parlia- 
ment would not let the company 
back down from its plans when the 
bluff succeeded in its original 

And so. for 72 miles the Long 

y \ ■. >.;7; •?,•> 

. ... . . „ _ _ 

■■ VS*. - 


in August 1983. BR tomrafiy ■ 

declared its Lntsntron to 

Seftte-Carfiste la^Tbe 
Transport Users Cor mrftahy 
COrnmatees. foe £**•???£* 
consumers' watchdog far Brfttah 
Barf, 22^)00 objeebo<«^ 

frctn users. Betwtan now and tfta 
and of April the two 
TUCCs involved hew tor* ctf 
frero m persorr, anddatew* a 

report to trie Secretary ofStsw tor 


The report wifl <ftwR oofy on trie 
hardship may behave down wfit 
causa; but they can make 
recommendatiorw for^«iati0fl »*r 

..rf Ma tM HUM Mutt a fdv 


Uiiswatar^s a. 


Ha wes water 
% Windermere 

EDEN mSMr l 



f Kendal: 
a miles _ 1 

Blea Moor 
Tunnel - 

Rftbtehead , 

i Morecambe 


Drag, as it is called, triumphantly 
hauls its way into the hills and on 
the way includes 325 bridges. 21 

viaductsand 14 tunnels. The jewel 
in its crown is the Ribolehead 
Viaduct: 104 feet high. 440 yards 
long, its 24 arches make it the 
York Minster of the piece. It needs 
a lot of money spent on it 
The line is part of the extensive 
"Provincial" (non-Inier City) net- 
work of BR. which includes some 
wonderfully lovely lines in Scot- 
land. the Cumbrian coast Wales 
and East Anglia. Enthusiasts 
dream of a day when they consti- 
tute a secondary network of scenic 
routes, timed and promoted as a 
prime tourist attraction for rich 
tourists and walkers, that vast 
army of car-weary* Green Tourists 
which the Countryside Commis- 
sion has identified as an enormous 
growth point in the British 


Ron Cotton is the BK official over- 
seeing the closure. As the man who 
spearheaded BR’s Inter City Sav- 
ers, which are largely credited with 
its s accessful expansion of busi- 
ness in the face of deregulated 
coach competition, be is a past- 
master of marketing. 

Under his management, the 
Settle-CaHisle line has seen a 
spectacular growth In business: 
traffic has doubled in the last three 
yeans, and it now covers its day-to- 
day costs, and thus outperforms 
the average for the rest of the 
"Provincial*' network, in which 
trains more normally cover half 
their direct costs. “Two for the 
price of one" deals, and even a Live 
Aid month, have brought the line 
many fans. 

“The problem is that the line 
needs an injection of capital, and 
needs it now”, he says. “Over the 
next decade or two, it needs capital 
expenditure of perhaps £13 mil- 
lion. More immediately, we cer- 
tainly need something like £5 
million in the next three years, of 
which The Ribblehead Viaduct 
alone needs between £2.6 and £3 
million to keep it going for 15 
years or so." 

BR is expected to ran its rural 
lines as a social service, under 
Public Service Obligation arrange- 
ments which allow it subsidy on 
routes where no profit is expected. 
It has been getting rather more 
imaginative in its management and 
marketing of some scenic routes, 
and a package of improvements for 
such routes (of the kind already 
announced for the Central Wales 

Marketing wizard: Ron Cotton 

line) is doe in the next month. It 
has found that tourist-consdoos 
local authorities wQl often co- 
operate in funding fines, (rat the 
sheer scale of capital req aired for 
Settl e-Carlisle seems to have 
dannted BR. 

The formal consultation process 
for dosing lines hinges on TUCC 
hearings, and these are supposed 
to focus on social hardship, not 
tourist potential. 


Colin Speakman is the ex-teacher 
who devised Dales Rail, a co- 
ordinated rail-and-bus network 
which since 1974 has brought 
thousands of people to the region 
during the summer months using 
the Setile-Cariisle line and special- 
ly and temporarily reopened sta- 
tions along its length. 

“The collapse of bus services in 
this region has made the train 
even more important; but it's 
tourism which can provide the 
growth point, with local people 
getting the benefit of investment 
intended to develop ft. You know, 
it's not the wealth in steel track 
that matters. It's ideas. It's entre- 
preneurship that will save this line 
and others like it". 

As a pioneer of new public 
transport techniques, he worked 
for a time with the Yorkshire 
Dales National Park and then 
moved to the West Yorkshire 

Transport pioneer: Colin Speakman 

County Council, which will cease 
to exist next month. Now he has 
set up his own firm. Transport for - 
Leisure, to foster his ideas; a sign 
of the way private sector initia- 
tives may be coming to the aid of 
public transport 

tr» railway car. meet the case. That 

report vraukJ no! be expected 
until this autumn attheearitart. 

The Se c r e t a ry of State wifl 
piAfish a letter giving Ws 

mm account any representations 
made to him after that Even B 
ha decides tor ciosutv. it b unl&oty 
that it could take ptaqe before 
late 1387. 


“There has been a teg increase in 
the use of beautiful fines by firms 
ramring glamorous trains", says 
Haydn Morris, development man- 
ager for Cambria Tourist Bond. 
“We've already seen the Trade 
and Industry Committee of the 
’House of Commons saying tow- 
ism accounts for over half of all 
national spending on transport 
and that maybe 15 per cent of 
foreign tourists travel. by train at 
some time daring their stay. 

“They said that BR needed 
separate finding for tourist devel- 
opment. They also said this: 
•Providing for tourism is not an 
optional extra for the railways-*" 



The Settle Carlisle Joint Action 
Committee has amassed an im- 
pressive body of enthusiasm and 
economic analysis around its case 
to keep the line. "There are young 
people leaving school today who 
have never been on a train", Peter 
Horton, its secretary, says. “I'd 
like to get them here and show 
them this line. They'll be voting 
on transport issues soon. It's 
remarkable the way the whole of 
northern society is fighting for this 
line. We have MPs of all parties 
fighting tooth and nail for ft." 

Campaign fighter Peter Horton 

Several people are already making 
plans in the hope that the closure 
doesn't happen. One such body is 
Cumbria comity conncO. whose 
transport planner Peter Robinson 
says: “We think we hare a 
workable solution to part of the 
public transport problem for the 

He is hopeful that the local 
authorities can bring off a scheme 
first mooted by Eden district 
council and dob together to give 
BR a contract to rut commuter 
stopping trains to stations between 
Skipton and Carlisle, some of 
which have been opened only 
occasionally since the early 1970s, 
and some not at an. 

BR hare said they would nm the 
service for £150,000. Local au- 
thorities would keep any profit 

When the TUCCs report is in, 
transport minister Nicholas Rid- 
ley will publish a decision letter 
which may be the first chance the 
objectors to closure wilt have to 
examine BR’s financial case. But 
the derision will not be made 
merely on the narrow “social 
need"crittftia: it wifi take account 
of BR's wider obligation to tour- 
ism and the national heritage. 

Lord Young at the Department 
of Employment leads the 
Government's tourism brief, 
shared with Trade and Industry. 
He has already declared his con- 
viction that railways and tourism 
go hand . in .hand. . With the 
Deportment of the Environment it 
is believed that they could co- 
ordinate government and private 
sector capitalization of the line. 

‘I have enough faith to believe that we can work out a solution 

On the 
lip of a 

Continued from page 17 
a person on the basis of skin 

If Afrikaners have been swal- 
lowed into an American life style, 
is the same future in store for 
blacks? "The black man is op- 
pressed in his own country. That is 
why, at the moment, ft is impor- 
tant for him to assert his own 
culture - black an. black writing, 
black theatre. But the American 
cultural current is very strong. 
Ultimately, black theatre doesn't 
stand a chance against Dallas, ft is 
Dallas that blacks will prefer to 

“ft is striking what a hold 
western values have taken among 
blacks, values like freedom of 
choice, freedom of speech, free- 
dom of assembly. Who knows, 
perhaps blacks will guard these 
values all the more jealously 
because they have been denied 
them so long. On the other hand, if 
black liberation comes only after a 
long military struggle, we may 
have a military cast of mind 
imposed over everthing — mili- 
tary discipline, military organiza- 
tion — as in so many other 
African countries. It is a matter of 
how the transition takes place." 

M y next stop is at 
the farm of Jan 
Coetzee, the for- 
mer Springbok 
rugby interna- 
tional. Whether Jan Boland has 
heard of me I doubt: he is not 
much of a novel-reading man. But 
I have seen him play rugby scores 
of times, and can make a fair guess 
at his approach to life: hard work, 
no nonsense. We quickly compare 
genealogies and establish that, like 
so many Afrikaners, we are proba- 
bly distant relations. 

For our interview he conducts 
me into the cavernous cellars of 
his wine-farm. In a subterranean 
hush, we sit down to talk. 

How is apartheid faring in the 
countryside, I ask." Apartheid has 
never been a word in my book", 
he was only when he left 
the farm where he grew up that he 
first experienced it. For a while he 
muses: "Apartheid has created a 
gulf between people. We no longer 
know each other. Also, we whites 
have simply appropriated things 
for ourselves, leaving the blacks 
and coloureds to do the produc- 
ing. ft is not just. It is not a healthy 
state of affairs." 

He is not, strictly speaking, 
answering my question, and 
knows h. 1 understand titedifficul- 
*y he is having. Like me he was 
born in the twilight of a centuries- 
old feudal order in which the 
nghts and duties of masters and 

Co-existence: Lydia Roos foresees a Sooth Africa of many tribes 

servants seemed to be a matter of environment on his own farm that 

unspoken convention, and in will draw younger coloured men 

which a mixture of personal back to the land* decent wages, 

intimacy and social distance - a productivity incentives, comfort- 

mixture characteristic of societies able housing, health care, recre- 

with a slavebolding past - per- atianal opportunities. “Daring the 

vaded all dealings. To whites present unrest we have found 

brought up in this old order, the many younger coloured people 

codification of social relations wanting to come hack to the farm 

into the system of racial laws simply in order to be part of an 

known as apartheid always ordered little community with 

seemed gross and unnecessary,^ civilized standards and a regular 

brainchild of academic ideologies routine. For years we farmers were 

and upstart politicians. preoccupied with land and capital. 

So tor Jan Boland Coetzee to Now we have begun to pay 

shake his head over apartheid, yet attention to people again, and the 

look back nostalgically to an age result is a change in attitudes that 

when everyone knew his place, by cannot be described - it truly has 

no means proves him a hypocrite. io be experienced." 

though I suspect he forgets the There is a certain utopianism in 
iron hand needed to keep the old the vision he projects of a rural 
order running. order based on small, rational Iv 

Coetzee is known not only as a organized labouring communities, 

winemaker, but tor his pan in the - Utopian less because his brand of 

movement among progressive upliftment does not work -it 

farmers to improve labour rela* dearly does, within its self-im- 

nons in the countryside. The age posed limits - than because it 

of the average farm labourer in draws much .of its attraction from 
ioutn Atnca. he tells me. is 52 somewhat sentimentalized memo- 
vears. Two generations of workers ries of a feudal past. Farmers like 
have quit w/nte farms to seek their Coetzee reject such vast central- 
fortunes in the cities. In another ized blueprints for the future as 

generation there will be no one Hendrik Verwoerd's “Grand 

Sv? rt r, !? ew '; Then?f0rche i has Apartheid" in favour of small- 
strtven io create an exemplary scale, independent, pragmatic lo- 

cal solutions. As long as the 
politicians (and perhaps the police 
too) will leave us alone, Coetzee 
seems to be saying, we country 
folk can find ways to live harmo- 
niously together. 

In much of the talk rife among 
more progressive whites today, 
the same spirit is to be detected: 
loss of faith in large-scale national 
policies, impatience with red tape, 
readiness for ad hoc approaches to 
local problems. The irony is that 
this is precisely the moment in 
history when Mack South Africans 
are grouping together in larger and 
larger political blocs and black 
leaders prepared to limit discus- 
sion to merely local issues are 
proving harder and harder to find. 

Only the darkest cynic would 
claim that the effort Jan Boland 
Coetzee and his wife have put into 
the social upliftment of their 
work-force has not been sincerely 
intended. While their workers are 
well-housed, the Coetzees them- 
selves live in a cramped bungalow 
— renovation of the old farm- 
stead is barely underway. Never- 
theless, looking towards the 
future, one may ask whether 
marriage will ever be possible 
between the kind of enlightened 
paternalism they stand for and the 
egalitarian black nationalism 
sweeping across the land. 

When 1 ask Jan Boland what he 
thinks the effect will be on this 
part of the country, once restric- 
tions on black mobility (^influx 
control") have been lifted, he is 
dismissive: “There is no tradition 
of blacks living in the Western 
Cape", he says. True, but only 
because the law has been brought 
to bear to keep blacks out. 

Can Jan Boland imagine cir- 
cumstances that would make him 
quit South Africa? Vehemently, he 
shakes his head. “Never. I stay. I 
have enough faith in my country- 
men, black, white and coloured to 
believe we can work out a solu- 
tion. I can't believe that South 
■Africans are such bad people as 
the Americans and the rest say." 
He tells a story of how, while 
touring France with the Spring- 
boks, he found himself in a bus 
with some American tourists. 
“They asked us what language we 
were speaking and we told them it 
was Afrikaans. They had never 
heard of such a language, they 
didn't even know there were such 
people as Afrikaners. Well, now 
they know. What f mean to say is 
rather be proud of your lan g ua ge 
than your skin colour. As for the 
norms of the so-called civilized 
world we will live those norms, 
not just talk about them." 

much. But families don't break up 
over questions of politics- We 
have ways of living with our 

I think of the poet Breyten 
Breytenbach and his brother, an 
officer in the security forces, who 
do not speak to each other, of the 
many friendships I have seen 
break up under the stresses of the 
past year. Is it uncharitable to 
think that Lydia and her brother 
do not yet disagree enough? 

Have her verfig leanings brought 
her into conflict with other Afrika- 
ners? No, she replies, but die finds 
she has lost respea-for colleagues 
who are absolutely unsympathetic 
to black aspirations, "within my- 
self I ■ doubt their integrity." 
Opregiheid - uprightness, integri- 
ty - is a keyword for her. It 
measures tire distance . between 
professed Christian faith and day- 
to-day practice. Her parents have 
worked all their lives in the 
Mission Church, the branch of the 
Dutch Reformed Church that 
ministers to coloured people. She 
is a regular church-goer, and on 
Thursday evenings runs needle- 
work cusses for black domestic 
servants. “We must each do our 
bit", she says. 

At school, among the teenagers 
she teaches, she encounters little 
spirit of conciliation: “They talk 
only of shooting the 
troublemakers", she says. “It hurts 
me, that kind of talk. They pick it 

Wake-up call; Midziel !e Roux says white attitudes hare *4*>ng**) 

Y ou must understand 
that I am a believing 
Oiristian", says Lyd- 
ia Roos. “1 can’t sit 
here and despair. I 
can't say there is no 
future for us. 1 can't say ft is too 
late. Because tilings have beam to 
change. But we must move raster. 
Whether the government under- 
stands this. I don't know. , ." 

Lydia Roos is a domestic sci- 
ence teacher in a high school. We 
meet in her home in an unpreten- 
tious white suburb of Cape Town. 
The schools have just closed for 
the summer holidays. It has been a 
hard year. We all ache for relief. 
But the end is not in right 
“December 16 Martyrs Day" 
reads an ominous sigh daubed on 
a wall in the town. 

Under tire writing is a picture of 
a neat little house like the one in 
which we sit, with flames licking 
around it 

"We are going to have to make 
sacrifices", she says. "Prices are 
rising all the time. Yet if high 
prices mean that farm workers will 
atlasi get a good wage, maybe it's 
a good thing." 

A drop in living standards: will 
that be the extent of white 
sacrifice? What of social apart- 
heid? Is she prepared to see the 
neighbourhood opened up?. There 
is no hesitation in her reply: 
"Absolutely. Coloureds, blacks: if. 
they can afford it let them come 
and live here," 

Her readiness to jettison the 
Group Areas Act which enforces 
segregation of bousing, marks 
Lydia as, in her word, verlig, 
enlightened. Her vision of the 

future, she says, is of a South 
Africa in which there wffl be many 
tribes, white and 'black, none in a 
position of dominance, e ach 
maintaining its ' own cultural 

“We will keep our boerekos, our 
Afrikaner dishes, just as the 
Indians have kept their curry." 

I am dubious. Is the struggle in. 
South Africa not about more than 
the preservation of national cui- 
sines? What of the realities of 

"I* think we will end up with a 
federal system", .she says.' “Proy- 
races ' with local self-government, 
and a national ‘government over 
them. The Western Cape should 
be one province, with Chpe Town 
as its capital. I don't know about 
the 'Eastern - Cape — that, is a 
matter for the blacks." 

Will whites elsewhere in the 
. country, living in the midst of yast 
black majorities, not see her 
prescription as a form of smug 
isolationalism that only the West- 
ern Cape, with its small black 
African population, can afford? 

She smiles. “Perhaps”, she con- 
"? .5®* my brother once a 
year. He lives in Pretoria. After the 
first day or two we don’t talk' 
politics any more, Wedisagree too 

. up frora.each other, or they hear it 
at home. The school I teach at 
draws on a less-prosperous 
neighbourhood, in the better parts 
of the town you will probably find 
a more thinking attitude. But signs 
of the unrest are all around us: 
buses with broken windows, sirens 
all thotime, helicopters overhead. 
Blacks singing freedom songs in 
the streets. You can’t expect 
children not to be affected. 

“I taught in a coloured school 
for a while, I went back for a visit. 
Wbea I taught there I had good 
relations with the children, open 
relations. Now things have 
changed. The okl openness has 
gone. Hostility? I wouldn't all it 
personal - hostility, though I 
couldn’t help haring remarks 
passed behind , my back. But 
hostility toward the system — yes, 
definitely. . 

“I remember, during my time 
there, there was never any celebra- 
tion of our national day,, no 
sinjging of the {rational anthem. I 
suppose one can understand 
thaLThe anthem has cer tai n Afri- 
kaner connotations the line about 
foe. creaking ox-wagonr and so 
forth. But I love the anthem. TP 
some extent it is our feuHrthaithey' 
won't sing it But stiiL .-r - : 

JfohnJ Xf.Coet^JihtSmdhMn- 
‘ cm academic and novelist, jut 
written four . bobks. ..The *no9 
recent, Ufe andTimea of MUfoael 
K. won ihe Bodker-ifcComeU 
Pri=e m l9t&. : >Aged 46. '-&?& 
■Ptytfessoir cf &dhem "Laerisarejflt - 
*he University of -Cape Town., . : . 

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This advertisement » published by_Moigan Grenfell & Co Limned and The British Linen Bank Lrd on behalf of Guinness PLC. The Directors of Guinness PLC are the persons responsible for the information contained in this advertisement lb the best of 
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Why a little-known Victorian fantasy gard en is in danger of disappearing for good 


Rock’s tomboy turns cowgirl 

When Suzi Quatro opens next 
month in tbe title role of 
Annie Get Your Gun at the 
Chichester Festival Thearre, it 
will be the culmination of a 
lifetime’s unwitting prepara- 
tion for the part. Ever since 
the world’s greatest woman 
rock singer first learned at 
school about the world’s great- 
est woman rifle shot, she knew 
they were two of a kind. 

“Annie Oakley’s character 
is exactly tbe same as mine”, 
drawls 35-year-okl Stud, “like 
me she was a tomboy who 
played with guns, a woman in 
a man’s world. She was a. 
plucky little girl with a very 
soft streak — definitely a 

The feet that she will be 
taking on the classic Irving 
Berlin role created on Broad- 
way by the legendary Ethel 
Merman without ever having 
learnt to act worries her not. 

"Life has been my teacher”, 
she scoffs, as Annie, herself 
might. “Be trim nobody’s done 
Quite as much living as me, 
neither. I've been on the road 
for 22 years. If you can't learn 
in that time you ain’t ever 
goin’ to learn anything." 

Besides, she has acted be- 
fore — 15 episodes as tbe 
scruffy reform school gradu- 
ate, Leather Tuscadero, in 
television’s Happy Days, and 
guest appearances in Minder 
and Dempsey and Makepeace, 
“I love it” Suzi s^ys. “It’s all 
the same Thing to me, all 
entertaining. T use the same 
method as I do when I'm 
singing. I jest go for tL” 

It has proved a successful 

formula for the Detroit-born 
anger who roared to feme 
with her raunchy black leather 
image and rasping motor- 
cycle music at the beginning of 

the Seventies. 

Her Italian father, an execu- 
tive with General Motors, had 
his own band mid Sun studied . 
classical piano and drums as ' 
'well as teaching herself the 

bass guitar. “We were one of 
those families who would get 
pp at every gathering and not 
just do a hu, bat do it in fill! 
costume like a proper show.” 
Her flapper girl rendering of 
Five Foot Two with her youn- 
ger sister Nancy used to bring 
the house down. 

At the age of seven she 
landed her first professional 
. gig playing tbe bongo drums in 
' her fefoers band. By the time 
she was 14 she and her two 
elder sisters had their own 
group, Suzi Soul and the 
Pleasure Seekers. A year later 
she left school to tour with the 
band full time with her 
parents' reluctant Messing. 

. The . all-girl band was in 
great demand, but even in 
those early days it was Suzi 
out in front, always looking a 
bit different in top hat or 
leather jacket over the mini 

Suzi Quatro 
talks about her 
first major 
acting role, as 
Annie Oakley 

skirts the club owners de- 
manded and she despised. “I 
was the one the people were 
always clapping for”, she re- 
calls. “The audience soon 
chooses who's going to be the 
face in any group.” 

It was an opinion shared by 
Mickie Most, the London- 
based record producer, when 
he saw- the girls in action but 
he waited until the band split 
up before flying Suzi over to 
Britain to an album in 

Today. Suzi lives with her 
husband, Len Tuckey, and 
their two small children in a 
1 6th-ceniury country mansion 
in Essex which they first saw 
advertised in Country Life. 
She met Len. a builder’s son 
from Romford and a former 
Essex boxing champion, when 
be auditioned for her band in 
November 1972. 

• Her first chart topper, “Can 
The Can", was released in 
April 1973. “We celebrated by 
doing Top of the Pops followed 
by a gig and then I think 
Lenny and 1 got drunk in our 

Suzi believes her obsession 
with performing is an extend- 
ed cry for attention. “1 always 
felt neglected as a child, 
although I wasn't. I always 
wanted more attention than I 

The- panelled walls of her 
beamed nine-bedroomed 


home are lined with the gold, 
silver and platinum discs she 
has earned over the years. Of 
her 16 hit records, two reached 
No 1 and she has sold around 
40 million worldwide. “I still 
shout out of the window when 
one of my records is on tbe 

She always knew she would 
be a success but insists that she 
is still the same mischievous, 
happy-go-lucky tomboy she 
has always been, “up at the bar 
with the boys wherever we 
are". She can still “knock back 
the whisky if 1 want to” 
although she seldom does 
these days. “There’s no joy in 
being with your kids if you've 
got a horrible hangover.” 

Even so, she and Lenny are 
regular customers at their 
village pub and when Suzi's 
parents came to stay recently 
her father astounded the locals 
by thrashing them at snooker. 
It was Poppa Quatro who 
taught Suzi how to pot a black 
as well and play a mean hand 
of poker. Her Hungarian 
mother was responsible for the 
good old-fashioned Catholic 
values which Suzi intends to 
pass on to her own children. 

So what about the raunchy 
image that she has always 
personified? “Raunchy’s got 
to do with the music", die 
insists. “It doesn't mean 
you're everybody’s piece of 
meaL That's why rock'n’roll is 
such a healthy outlet — it's not 
saying you're going to have 
orgies afterwards. The music 
moves you — you don't move 
iL ” 

She still does at least one 
major tour a year — “I'd die if 
1 couldn't go on the road.” — 
and these days her original 
fans bring their children along 
as welLShe sees no reason why 
she should not still be rocking 
at 65. “If you fed awkward, 
it's time to finish. But I 
haven't felt that yeL” 

Soft at heart: Sari at home in Essex with her husband Len and children Laura and Richard Sally Brompton 

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All hands to 
the trowel 

Britain’s archaeological sites are 
threatened- David l^ovibond explains 
how the gifted amateur can help 

In tbe years before the Great 
War “harrow di g gin g " was a 
popular entertainment with 
weekend house parties. Ar- 
chaeology was, like cricket, a 
pursuit for gentlemen ama- 
teurs — the professionals were 
the navvies who did all the 
heavy work. But the past 20 or 
30 years have seen a rapid 
decline in tbe amateur role. 

Excavation has entailed in- 
creasingly complex and expen- 
sive techniques that have 
made tbe ascendancy of the 
professional archaeologist in- 
evitable. Sadly though, many 
archaeologists appear reluc- 
tant to allow amateurs even a 
supporting role. Bryn Walters, 
the Executive Director of the 
Roman Research Trust at 
Liftiecote in Wiltshire, says: 
“There is a fear that amateurs 
wHl lose a lot of evidence they 
are incapable of recognizing.” 

There is, however, consider- 
able evidence that professional 
archaeologists lack both the 



manpower and the strategy to 
deal with tbe growing threat to 
England's archaeology. En- 
glish Heritage, the 
government's statutory advis- 
ers on archaeology, has esti- 
mated that England has 
aronnd 600,000 archaeological 
“items”, only about 2 per cent 
of them scheduled as ancient 
monuments — that is, regard- 
ed by English Heritage as 
meriting state protection. And 
although English Heritage an- 
nounced this month a “sched- 
uling enhancement 

programme” which aims to 
increase the figure to 10 per 
cent, scheduling is no guaran- 
tee of a site’s survival. In 
theory a farmer or developer 
most receive permission from 
the Department of the Envi- 
ronment before doing anything 
likely to affect a scheduled 
monument. If he goes ahead 
regardless he is liable to 
prosecution: bat according to 
Dai Morgan-Evans, an inspec- 
tor of ancient monuments for 
English Heritage, “a convic- 
tion is very difficult to achieve, 
it being necessary to prove the 
fanner knew he was damaging 
a protected monument". 

Dorset and Wiltshire have 
been described as "the heart- 
land of British archaeology" 
and it is in these two comities 
that the devastating effect of 
intensive farming on ancient 
landscapes has been most 
apparent. Wiltshire has about 
13,500 archaeological items of 
which 1,500 are currently 
scheduled. The county’s Li- 
brary and Museum Service 
estimates that only half the 
scheduled monuments have 
been properly surveyed, and 
up to 20 per cent have either 
been destroyed or seriously 
damaged. Examples include 
the North Down barrow group; 
at Beckhampton. Barbery hill- 

fort, and the Saxon defences at 

In Dorset the archaeology 
is in a state of crisis. Roger 
Peers. Curator of the Dorset 
County Museum, comments; 
"In the past 30 years 1 have 
seen the most appalling de- 
struction of sites, including 
scheduled monuments like the 
Broadmayne - Long Bredy 
barrow group and the Celtic 
sites in the Piddle Valley.” 
Other major losses include the 
neolithic camps on 
H ambled on Hill and the Lite-' 
riors of nearly all the hill-forts 

Throughout England tbe 
picture is much tbe same: the 
great and humble remains of 
the past endangered by urban 
development, mineral extrac- 
tion and intensive agriculture. 
As Mr Morgan-Evans makes 
clear, excavation is irresistible 
for many archaeologists. “It is 
infuriating that so many pro- 
fessional archaeologists are 
preoccupied by rescue excava- 
tion (digging sites in advance 
of destruction) and seem on- 
willing to become involved in 
the management of sites.” Site 
management, according to Mr 
Morgan-Evans, includes “the 
control of stock levels to avoid 
erosion, vermin control and 
scrub clearance”. 

As well as managing indi- 
vidual sites Jan Wills, the 
Gloucester County County Ar- 
chaeologist, believes “archae- 
ologists should put far greater 
effort into preserving archaeo- 
logical landscapes and educat- 
ing farmers as to the 
importance of doing so”. Peter 
Marsden, an archaeologist 
with tbe Museum of London, 
also thinks that “much more 
work has to be pnt into the 
survey and interpretation of 
tbe many thousands of ordi- 
nary sites about which very 
little is presently known”. 

The Hampshire County 
Council has introduced a 
scheme which other comities 



might consider “countryside 
heritage sites” are moamnents 
of considerable local impor- 
tance bat are not scheduled. 
As such they have no statutory 
protection but Malcolm Oake. 
an archaeologist with the 
Comity Council, feels “the 
designation publicizes the vai- 
ae of the sites and helps to 
gain tbe landowner’s co- 

Most of these strategies are 
only feasible with the help of 
amateurs. As Mr Hugh Sey- 
mour, President of tbe Wilt- 
shire Archaeological and 
Natural History Society, says, 
"It is vital that the main 
professional effort is aimed at 
seeming a comprehensive 
record of England’s vanishing 
archaeology. This grand 
endeavour calls for a revival of 
the role of the talented ama- 
teur archaeologist”. 

Egyptian style: the tunnel, gnarded by sphinx*, leads to the gnmnd floor of an ornate cotoge, part of the extraordinary Staffordshire garden created by James Bateman in 1842 

I n 1 842 James Bateman, son of 
a wealthy engineer and bank- 
er, acquired a farmhouse sur- 
rounded by swampy fields on 
the edge of inhospitable 
Biddulph Moor, in north Staf- 
fordshire. Within a few years lie had 
built himself a magnificent ltalianate 
mansion, Biddulph Grange. Within 
the aid of a friend, Edward Cooke, 
marine painter and garden designer, 
he then created an extraordinary 
pleasure garden covering 1 5 acres. 

So bizarre was the garden that in 
its day it attracted considerable 
attention. Six articles describing its 
rich and imaginative fantasy ap- 
peared in The Gardener’s Chronicle 
in 1856 followed by five in 1862. 

Today only a handful of people 
know tbe garden. Biddulph Grange 
remained in private hands until 
1922, when it became a hospital. 
Now the estate is .tojbe sold and its- 
very existence is under threat: The- 
West Midlands Regional Health 
Authority, which has done its best to 
maintain the spirit of the garden in 
the face of mounting vandalism and 
the inevitable effects of time, has . 
closed the hospital, putting both the 
buildings and gardens on the market 
Bids are in and if tbe remnants of 
this historically important garden 
are not to be swept away we most all 
hope that die successfiil offer is that 
from the National Trust,; which 
considers that Biddulph Grange 
possesses the best surviving example 
of a mid-Victorian gnrden. It is 
certainly a garden of great diversity 
and of immense fan, with many 
secret enclosures. The trust doubts 
v* ether any other owner would have 
the resources or interest to restore h. 

When Bateman started the garden 
he imported tons of earth and rode 

ise that may be lost 

which he used to create miniature 
hills and dales with long, serpentine 
ridges. He planted this tiny con- 
tained landscape with conifers and 
deciduous trees which sheltered 
great belts of rhododendrons. He 
created a grassy terrace flanked by 
yew hedges in front of the bouse, 
dropping to a small lake. But it is 

beyond this lake that the true theatre 
of Bateman’s garden can be found. 

Lost within what has now become 
a mutinous growth of trees, *a 
network of narrow paths leads 
between rocky outcrops to the 
Chinese garden. Here, beyond a 
scaled-down -Wall of Chinji — com- 
plete with watchtower — Bate man 

built a temple on the edge of a small 
pool, over which he constructed a 
small hump-backed bridge. Up- 
ended in the water he placed two 
huge pieces of rock and to the side he 
made a courtyard overlooked by a 
great red sculpted ball. The whole set 
piece is stumbled upon quite by 
chance and the effect is star tling . 

Chlaa style: Bateman’s replica of a Chinese temple. Nearby is a scaled-down model of the Great Wall 

Worlds away in style though only 
yards away in reality is the Egyptian 
court sculpted from ancient yews 
and guarded by four souebant 
sphinxes. The entrance becomes a 
tunnel which leads to the ground 
floor of a tiny ornate cottage. Tucked 
in a gloomy antechamber is a squat 
stone figure whose only function is to 
frighten and surprise the visitor. The 
cottage opens on to a pinetum and 
curving path which leads off to 
another dark tunnel. 

Alongside the Egyptian court is the 
mile long walk, leading away from 
the house as straight as a die. This 
narrow path is encroached upon by 
solid buttresses of yew and eventual- 
ly opens into a small rondel which 
bouses a vast stone urn which stands 
a good 10ft high. On all sides visual 
puns can be found while at no point 
within the garden can the whole be 
taken in at a glance. 

All ihis survives today, if a little 
worse for wear. Much of the delicate 
woodwork has gone from the Chi- 
nese garden and much of the massive 
stonework has moved. The stone 
lintels in Egypt may have cracked 
and the cottage become a slum. But 
the essence of Bateman’s garden is 
still there, bloated and mature, and 
could quickly be restored and 
savedLThe National Trust is ready to 
do this. But it is, a spokesman says, 
very much on tenterhooks until 
April 16. On that dale the successful 
bid will be announced. If the 
National Trust is chosen an immedi- 
ate appeal will be launched and 
renovation work begun. Guided 
tours of the garden, which is unique 
in this country, will be available 
from early this summer. 

Michael Young 




An Oxbridge 
dream works 
for the future 

Kent is one of Britain’s younger universities, set above the 
nation’s most ancient cathedral city: Its inspiration was the 
collegiate model of Oxford Now it is reaching into space 

The University of Kent is a 
love-child of the British aca- 
demic system. Its curriculum 
was dreamt up in die common 
rooms of Oxford and Dur- 
ham; its academic regulations 
were lifted from the stem 
ordinances of the University 
of Birmingham: its first vice- 
chancellor, Geoffrey Mr 
Temple man. was himself reg- 
istrar of Birmingham. 

To the green-field site out- 
side Canterbury that became 
the Kent campus, he carried 
some of the verities of the 
civic university. 

The Kent worthies who in 
the early 1960s pressed the 
government to locate a uni- 
versity in the county had in 
mind a high-toned institution 
to complement the cathedral 
that overlooks the city of 

There was to be no engi- 
neering. no heavy science; 
some but not too much inno- 
vation in the content of de- 
grees; above all the kind of 
academic respectability that 
follows from the presence on 
campus in the early days of 

Mr Templeman and his co- 
founders wanted to create a 
modern Oxford. There were to 
be colleges, high tables, tutori- 
als; it was to be no 9-to-S 
institution but a community 
in which the lights burnt late 
into the night on seminars and 
social events; staff and stu- 
dents were to be close, the 
pastoral role of the former 
being emphasized, but only 
within a context of academic 

Mr Templeman's ideal was 
costly. Like the other “new 
universities" of the mid- 
1960s, Kent had to scale down 
Its pretensions rapidly. Twen- 
ty years on — Kent received its 
royal charter in 1965 — its 
senate has to grapple with the 
consequences of its arts-and- 
sotiaJ studies bias at a time 
when the Government wants a 
shift of students in science and 
technology and when industri- 

al-research money is difficult 
to obtain. 

Mr Templeman. vice-chan- 
cellor for IS years, personified 
the older academic style, diffi- 
dent and haughty, unwilling to 
campaign on behalf of the 
university among fund-raisers 
and grant-givers. 

Kent has virtually no en- 
dowment; it relies exclusively 
on UGC money, tuition fees 
and the income it gets for 
research. Unlike the medieval 
cathedral it was meant to 
complement, it had no proper 
independence of the state. 

Many of Kent's academic 
staff have been in post for 
years. Canterbury and its en- 
virons is an attractive place to 
live; London is only an hour 
and 20 minutes away by train. 
People stay put. 

As recent years have shown, 
however, Kent professors' 
conservatism about where 
they live has not extended to 
the shape of the university. 

In the later 1960s and early 


tinmans, physicists and, in 
large number, as teachers. 

They have become social 
workers, civil servants and 
computer programmers. Kent 
has attracted a type of person 
who has made good in the 
broadcasting media: there is a 
small Kent mafia in film and 

Kent graduates have 
apparently successfully ' be- 
come sales people and special- 
ized in marketing. 

In a basic sense, therefore, it 
fulfills the primary public 
purpose of universities: it 
produces employable gradu- 
ates whose market value and 
personal qualities have been 
enhanced by tbeir time spent 
on the Kent campus. 

With a branch of the Na- 
tional Film Theatre and a 
Gulbenkian Theatre on site, 
culture is served. 

Mr Templeraan's ambition 
of an all-day university is not 
fully realized; Kent has its 

On campus: traditional ideals, modern buildings 
1970s as it expanded, Kent student commuters who 
recruited young staff In 1986 

they are still relatively young, 
certainly not old enough to be 
set in their ways. 

Under the leadership of Dr 
David Ingram, vice-chancel- 
lor for the past five years. Kent 
has tried to come to terms 
with the harsher climate of the 

It has a good story to telL 
The University of Kent sup- 
plies the personnel for the 
services and functions which 
make society tick, and make 
life civilized. 

Kent graduates, among 
whom unemployment is low, 
have gone into the world and 
found work as solicitors, li- 


tank management systems 

Are delighted to be associated 
with Kent University, 
and look forward to 
many more years 
of fruitful association. 








i $ h i p with 

in partne 


The Greenfield Jones 

P Hayes-Watlans 
& Partners consulting structural engineers 

The Chapman Bathurst 


March 31, 1986 

By David Walker 

High afftdflmie aims: Dr David In gram, vice-chancellor of the university 

turn to digs and fiats in the 
evening; and at weekends the 
campus can feel dead. In 
spring and summer the pla- 
teau above Canterbury on 
which Kent sits - blown by 
cold winds in winter — be- 
comes a green garden making 
for glossy and not-altogether 
misleading colour photo- 
graphs in the brochures by 
which Kent attracts large 
numbers of overseas students. 

Its current income from 
overseas student fees — £2 
million — matches the tuition 
charges it collects from home 

But the Kent story is not 
unambiguous. Kent is basical- 
ly, in terms of staff and 
student numbers, a liberal arts 
university with useful but 
small components for the 
study of pure physics, chemis- 
try and mathematics. 

It has over the years devel- 
oped applied branches of these 
subjects: in electronics, com- 
puting. biochemistry and ap- 
plied statistics, for example. 
Because Kent had no estab- 
lishment of engineers or tradi- 
tional chemists, these newer 
disciplines had space to grow, 
although the university could 
not afford much expensive 

Now, in the 1980s, biotech- 
nology and computing are the 
subjects of the hour, and Kent 
has put them in the forefront 
of its submissions to the 
University Grants 


Yet perhaps there is a 
sleight of hand. For though 
Kent does exciting work in, 
for example, biochemistry, its 
heart remains in scholarship 

in English, research in agrari- 
an history, the teaching and 
study of foreign languages. It 
is just that in the present 
climate they make a less 
exciting selling point. 

The danger is that Kent may 
undersell its virtues. Work 
such as that by Professor Mark 
Kinkhead-Weekes on D. H. 
Lawrence or by Professor G. 
E. Mingay on the economic 
history of the English country- 
side will never attract com- 
mercial sponsorship, but its 
value as. academic work can- 
not be doubted. 

Kent's broad spread of work 
in the social sicences makes 
for a better marriage of out- 
side support and academic 
virtue. The university has 
done well in attracting grants 
from the Economic and Social 
Research Council and from 
the Government 

The latter has financed the 
growth at Kent of a veritable 
research concentration on so- 
cial policy in the fields of 
health and personal social 

There is no immediate rea- 
son for Kent to be a centre for 
studying the distribution ot 
grants for city social work. But 
such a result is, in a sense, a 
victory for the liberal 
Templeman conception of the 

One of the central values 
espoused by the founders was 
freedom of intellectual associ- 
ation among academics, and 
the corollary was freedom for 
their interests to develop in 
whatever direction- they might 

Yet Kent has tried to build 
in a son of intellectual promis- 
cuity by encouraging cross- 
disciplinary work. Such work 
is evident to some extent in its 
“area studies" — it has a 
concentration of academics 
interested in South-East Asia, 
American and European stud- 

Kent is making energetic 
efforts to weather the financial 
storms 1 produced by reduc- 
tions in UGC provision per 
student and centrally-imposed 
limits on student intake (Kent 
is heavily over-subscribed 
each year). 

It is right to emphasize the 
up-to-dateness of its research 
profile. But it would be mis- 
taken for the university to 
sideline its historical 
— solid teaching and 
ship in the liberal arts and 
social sciences — the basis of 
academic values descended 
directly from the Oxbridge 



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Dusty encounters of the 
Halley’s Comet kind 

It was a brief encounter. The 
historic rendezvous between 
the spacecraft Giotto, packed 
with monitoring equipment, 
and Halley's Comet that look 
place in mid-March was short. 

The space scientists gath- 
ered in a polyglot team at the 
European Space Observation 
Centre at Darmstadt, West 
Germany; knew that they 
could count on only four 
hours of date transmission as 
Giotto approached Halley's 
nucleus; minutes’ more would 
be a gift from providence, 
although over the six years of 
detailed planning that went 
into the Giotto mission, secu- 
lar scientists across Europe 
had more than once offered 
oblation to whatever gods 
hover over astrophysical lab- 
oratories for the spacecraft to 
survive its meeting with the 
comet for just a while longer 
than planned. 

Among them was Professor 
Tony McDonnell, director of 
the Unit for Space Sciences at 
the University of Kent. With 
the unit's monitoring equip- 
ment standing ready in Can- 
terbury and on site at the 
Darmstadt centre, even four 
hours would be enough for, as 
Professor McDonnell put it, 
“many years of fruitful 

At peak the stream of data 
would be at a rate of 40,000 
“bits" a second, a flow of such 
rich insight to the particles 
which make up the comet's 
nucleus and tail that the past 
months of intense effort will 
be justified. 

Travelling during the past 
year between Britain's large 
infrared telescope in Hawaii 
and the Giotto launch site in 
French Guyana, Professor 
McDonnell has spent a total of 
four weeks inside an 

The University of Kent has, 
understandably, not lost time 
to exploit its connection with 
Halley’s Comet There is an 
undeniable Canterbury link; 
the drawing of the fiery comet 
rendered by the monk Ead- 
wine on its appearance in 
1 14S: which appears beneath 
Psalm Five of his Canterbury 
Psalter, illuminated at the 
cathedra] and later lodged at 
Trinity College, Cambridge. 

Professor McDonnell’s in- 
terest in Halley’s Comet is 
neither historical nor person- 
al. He is an expert in the 
composition of solids in space, 
as he puts iL the whole 

interplanetary environment 
excluding plasma or solar 
wind. His unit's forte has 
become the design and con- 
struction of devices, carried 
into space, to determine the 
nature of space “dust”. 

After the encounter Profes- 
sor McDonnell will doubtless 
be under some pressure to 
revise his 700-page Cosmic 
Dust, a record of cumulative 
study of solid particles within 
the solar system, published in 

Kent lacks an observatory. 
Indeed it lacks expensive 
equipment of most kinds. 
That it has a name in the space 
science rankings is because of 
the efforts of Professor Mc- 
Donnell and colleagues over a 
number of years to build 
reputation and expertise; 
Kent’s contribution has been 
to provide 'ah environment in 
which this branch of astro- 
physics could prosper, albeit 
dependent on American shut- 
tles, French rockets and the 
resources of the Rutherford 
Appleton Laboratory in 

It recently recognized Pro- 
fessor McDonnell's achieve- 
ment of international standing 
— some might say a little late 
in the day — by promoting him 
from a readership to a person- 
al chair. 

He arrived at Kent after 
working at Jodrell Bank and 
the National Aeronautical and 
Space Administration's God- 
dard Spaceflight Center. The 
American connection has 
been useful, for Professor 
McDonnell led his team to the 
design of the first non-United 
States experiment to be ac- 
commodated on the Shuttle 
programme, a long-duration 
exposure facility.' 

He sai± “Space science has 
grown well in the new univer- 
sity environment of Kent; 
there have been opportunities 
for growth in phase with 
opportunities for spaceflight." 

Money has been a problem, 
despite .Professor 

McDonnell's success in win- 
ning support from the Europe- 

an Space Agency and the 
Science and Engineering Re- 
search Council. He said: “Giv- 
en the relatively weak level of 
resources, we do well in space 
research. But then English 
scientists are resourceful; they 
have learnt to make do and 

The Kent group’s interest in 
Halley's Comet centres on the 
motion of panicles from or 
near its nucleus. In at the birth 
of the Giotto mission. Profes- 
sor McDonnell contracted to 
design a set of foils and a dust 
shield to measure ionization 
in the vicinity of the comet 
and, determining chemical 
identities, find out exactly 
what the comet is made of. 

Halley is part of a pro- 
gramme of work that should 
last, all being well, beyond the 
year 2000. The Kent group has 
a stake in the load due to be 
carried on the diuttle 1 Ulysses; 
its flight now indefinitely de- 
layed by the destruction of 
Challenger and NASA's subse- 
quent problems. 

“There’s perhaps a blessing 
in this/* Professor McDonnell 
said. “It could mean the 
Halley data will be concentrat- 
ed on, and we won’t rush 
straight tin to a new project" 

Already preliminary plan- 
ning is being done for a space 
encounter even more ambi- 
tious than the intimate meet- 
ing of Giotto and Halley’s 
Comet Astronomical condi- 
tions will provide the opportu- 
nity. at the turn of the century, 
for a probe to land on a comet 
drill into the core and return 
to earth with samples. 

The old 
fire still 

Dr Stephen Bam, 1 * 

this art 

historian aad Hteary 
would never put it a* taeie- 
pnrt y as that 

For Dr Bana, and 
Keanes in EugJfob, mooen* 
Eknes, and the other bn- 

lit when Kent was 
the idea of modem Starnes 
crossing and re-crossuag the 
oM disciplinary oundanes- 
Such ideas are less fashion- 
able in the vocational and 
applied 1980s. V 

tends to emphasize 
MiiwifM and s ub j ect s that 
attract research grants when it 
presents itself to tins wider 
world. The Kkes of Dr Bann, 
founding editor of the journal 
Twentieth Century Studies, 
are somehow not in the front 
line of public relations. 

Yet that jonroal unbodied 
two of the roost potent aspira- 
tions of the 1960s, breaking 
with what Professor Gmdo 
Almansi, a former Kent pro- 
fessor, called the “unhappy 
parochialism" of old subject 
boundaries, alsr departing 
from intense . ^ 

“the axes of scholars sw a ging *' ;‘r 
rigorously into microscopic 

Since then Kent’s horizons 
have narrowed. It offers single 
subject arts degrees tn En-- 

gfish, French and so on with as 

much enthusiasm as the more 
traditional universities. Bat in 

the teaching for part one of its 

honours degrees and in the 
variety of cross dfedptinary 
options, tiie original ambition 
is apparent 

Kent's scholars in the arts 
span a great arc of human 
knowledge from die work. of 
Professor Ian Gregor (another 
founding editor of Twentieth 
Century Studies) on Thomas 
Hardy to that of Professor 
David Birmingham on the x 
history of Africa. 

Scholarship at Kent has, in 
the nature of things, no obvi- 
ous pattern: Kent is a centre 
for the study of African and 
Caribbean l iter a ture because, 
of the interest of Professor 1 
Lends James, Dr Lyn Innes’< 
and colleagues rafter than' 
because of any pre-ordained 
scheme. ' * 

The proximity of Canter-! 
bury Cathedral has s im ulate d ; 
the development at Kent of' 
bibliographical expertize; the' 
cathedral library has been 
explored and catalogued by’ 
university librarians and the' 9' 
university** senior lecturer in' 
French, Dr David Shaw, who 
recently won a grant from the 
British library for the pur- 

Kent has proved a congenial 
home for scholarly work with a, 
modern Ravonr based solidly*, 
on work in English and history* 

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The University of. Kent, was 
not the only' “new university" 
founded in the early 1960s to 
i emulate Oxbridge and estab- 
lish colleges. The universities 
of York and Lancaster have 
also been collegiate in struc- 
ture.: . 

Bui H is probably fair to say 
that Ken}; has .worked hardest 
at keeping at least the sem- 
blance of the ancient academic 

Its success has been limited. 
Its colleges lack the endow- 
ments and corporate indepen- 
dence of the Oxford and 
Cambridge models. At times 
they appear lo be glorified 
halls of res idence. ' 

Yet. their continued exis- 
tence and the hard work put 
into .them - by staff and stu- 
dents alike, -underlie Kenfs 
boast to offer undergraduates 
the most distinctive fife-style 
of its generation of 

universities. . . . 

Kent's four colleges have no 
financial basis. Academic 

matters are dealt with at Kent, 
as elsewhere, by professors 
and lecturers, gathered in then- 
boards of studies, faculties 
and the senate. 

- As Dr-Shirley Barlow, mas- 
ter of Eliot College, argues, 
however. their importance un- 
derpins two of Kent’s great 
virtues; its emphasis on small- 
group tutorial leaching and its 
interdisciplinary studies. 

She laughs — the colleges 
have small rooms — their size 
forbids .anything other than 
intimate teaching: 

Their common rooms con- 
tain academics of varying 

n halls 

specialty, who; because Kent 
has .no departments, cannot 
retreat into the company of 
Uieir; fellow specialists. They 
sue forced to mingle and 
Kent's rich offering of cross — 
and multi-disciplinary courses 
has resulted. 

The four colleges take then- 
names from modern thinkers: 
T-5. Eliot. Maynard Keynes, 
Lord Rutherford and (19th 
rather than 20th century) 
Charles Damn. They share 
the same- physical features, 
providing a mixture of study 
bedrooms, tutorial rooms and . 
communal facilities for dining 
and leisure. . " 

Keeping the 
over the years 
has been hard 

There is no central students* 
union building at Kent. In- 
stead, each college has hs 
junior common room to orga- 
nize events. 

Keeping the colleges sepa- 
rate over the years has not 
been easy. Students have 
pressed for more university- 
wide activities, even a single 
students’ union. 

The cost of maintaining 
four separate catering estab- 
lishments in the colleges has 
rocketed and the 1 university 





Costs are low, 
but the quality 
stays high 






Masters of colleges: Professor Robert Gibson (Rutherford), left; Dr Shirley Barlow (Eliot College); Dr John Butler 

(Darwin) and Derek Crabtree (Keynes) 

10 Is 111676 ■"* prospect of The guides to student life ends to London and to Paris. 
« W « Kent's mixed-sex colleges ihat have proliferated in re- easilv accessible from east 

5SHZS.E!LSS erty tomin S ml ° sesregated estab- cent years give it an impres- Kent’. 

iishments? Never, Dr Butler sive social rating indicating 

.u™l™r‘ n 8 ke .P lth6CO,l6 S es says. that both parents who have Ninety per cent of first-year 

has had to devise schemes to 
even out the flow of hungry 
students who are at liberty to 
eat wherever they want 

But having kept the colleges 
through the years of student 
liberalism and academic anti- 
authoritarianism, there are 
signs they might once again 
come into their own. 

Dr J.R. Butler, master of 
Darwin College, notes that 
“high table” is still in exis- 
tence and students now occa- 
sionally like to dine formally; 
they dress up; perhaps prefer a 
more ordered environment. 

Though Kent, like most 
universities, had its phase of 
student troubles 1 5 or so years 
ago, student radicalism has 
hardly tainted it The student, 
body is solidly middle-class, 
and conies predominantly 
from homes in the South-East 
of England, many within Kent 
itself The campus has a fair 
share of“Sloanes.” 

The guides to student life 
that have proliferated in re- 
cent years give it an impres- 
sive social rating, indicating 
that both parents who bave 
arrived and parents who are 
still aspiring need have few 
qualms about sending their 
offspring to Canterbury. 

Student fife at Kent is as 
rich and varied as in other 
universities with a bright and 
motivated intake. It is marked 
by a weekend exodus of young 
people in search of whatever 
young people seek at week- 

Ninety per cent of first-year 
undergraduates ■ live on the 
campus, either in the colleges 
or the popular self-catering 
residences nearby. 

Second and third years tend 
to rent houses and flats in 
Canterbury: some commute to 
the campus from the seaside 
towns of Whitstable and Her- 
ne Bay. where lodgings are 

A new branch of electronics that benefits hospitals 

The recent work of Dr Richard 
Coflkr oo the use of pulsed electro- 

S*jL^?hi fractured human braes Is 
as good an example as the 
umvmttes can offer of priutical but 
imaginative work with soda! bene- 
fits. ■ 

But it also raises worrying ques- 
tions about the capacity of British 
industry to exploit technological 

Medical electronics is one of 
those subjects which just grew up at 
Kent without, in the past, any 
intend* on the part of university 

planners. Kent has taught electron- 
ics since its early days, since 1966, 
and now offers — uniquely — a 
decree in electronics with specializa- 
tion in medical applications, fully 
accredited by the Institution of 
Electrical Engineers. 

Medical electronics has grown op 
around die local Kent and Canter- 
bury Hospital, though there are 
dose link* with the Iamdon Hospi- 
tal too. 

Oitfafa student project Dr Collier 
has pursued an interest in measur- 
ing resonance in bones. It is, be 

notes, quite difficult for a doctor to 
tell when a fra c ture has healed, 
manual examination and X-rays 
giving ambiguous results. 

A broken bone produces a lower 
frequency of resonance at foe she of 
foe fracture; as it heals foe frequen- 
cy returns to normal. So he devel- 
oped an acoustic method of showing 
the mechanical properties of brae: 
the patient’s Grab Is weighted, a 
sensor placed on the sltiu and as 
instant read-out is available on a 
patented device put together in foe 
Kent laboratories. 

The device has been nsed on Kent 

hospital patients and in London 
with excellent results as an economi- 
cal and “nou-intrusive" means of 
charting foe progress of healing. Its 
wider use in dmicsl medicine de- 
pends on getting the device manu- 
factured, and here. Dr Collier say's, 
there are problems. 

The Americans are interested. 
Two firms, including Hewlett- 
Packard, want to exploit the 
university’s patent 

But Dr Collier has until now 
preferred the approaches made by a 
North of England firm — except that 
it is proving slow, wanting (he says) 

foe university to do every last bit of 
development before it will agree to 

From its accidental birth in 
contacts between university academ- 
ics and consultants in Canterbury, 
medial electronics has burgeoned. 

There are now about 10 under- 
graduates choosing the option in 
electronics and a flourishing re- 
search programme supported for 
example by foe South East Thames 
Regional Health Authority. 

It is a course in high demand 
among the overseas students who 
flock to Kent. 

The University of Kent is 
cheap. Too cheap, the univer- 
sity says: for accidental rea- 
sons during the 1970s the 
University Grants Committee 
started paying Kent less than 
it deserved and the anomaly 
has never been put right. 

Compared with other uni- 
versities. its recurrent costs 
per student are low. about 
£3.300 in 1983-84. the lowest 
of every UK university bar 

Kent’s figure is low because 
the bulk of its students are in 
subjects that are relatively 
inexpensive to teach and 
siudy; the humanities and 
social sciences. It teaches no 
medicine and little engineer- 
ing. two costly subjects. Yet 
even compared with universi- 
ties with a similar “mix" of 
subjects. Kent emerges as an 
economical institution, the 
third or fourth cheapest. 

Kent is simultaneously 
proud and ashamed of such 
figures. The university takes 
comfort from the (act that it 
provides an academic educa- 
tion of high quality at relative- 
ly, lower cost- But the fact that 
the UGC has managed to 
under-fund Kent for years also 
means in times of tight 
fiancial restraint that the UGC 
is likely to continue to want to 

Kenfs vice-chancellor. Dr 
, David Ingram, a physicist, has 
made no secret of his antago- 
nism towards the present 
government’s higher educa- 
tion policy: he has. if anything, 
been more outspoken than 
some colleagues. Yet Kent has 
had little option but' to co- 
operate fully with the UGC as 
it tries to translate the 
government's priorities and 
demands for savings into its 
annual grants to universities. 

Kent's position can be seen 
most cleariy in the response it 
made last November to the 
UGCs request/demand for a 
statement by each university 
of its plans for the rest of the 

Kent's problem is stated on 
page one. The Government 
through the UGC is trying to 
engineer a shift in student 
members from the arts and 
social sciences to science and 
technology. Kent has attempt- 
ed to boost its numbers in 
science, but it remains 
predominantely an ans-social 
sciences university. 

Its problem in the face of 
ihe UGC is how to emphasize 
its commitment to expanding 
science and boosting its scien- 
tific research (and so earn 
official approval and extra _ 
money) while remaining true ‘ 
its scholars and researchers in 
the humanities and social 

But on one count. Kent has 
no trouble meeting the UGCs 
preferences head on. The 
UGC nowadays has a pen- 
chant for ‘’rationalization" — 
ensuring that universities 
share libraries and laborato- 
ries with each other and with 
other colleges in the 
vicinity. Kent told the UGC 
quite properly that in Kent 
there are no other colleges. 

It said: “The location of the 
un versity means that it is -the 
major centre for higher educa- 
tion in the region.” The only 
other institutions around are 
the Mid- Kent College of High- 
er Education, Christ Church 
College, a former teacher edu- 
cation college already affiliat- 
ed to the university, and Wye 
College near .Ashford, a spe- 
cialist agricultural college that 
is part of the University of 

Unlike some universities. 
Kent told the UGC it has a 

Pride in its work 
on biochemistry 


research plan - a list of 
specialisms into which it in- 
tended to put any extra money 
there was. It reflects Kent’s 
conception of its ideal self as a 
rounded institution, strong in 
both ans and sciences, also a 
hard-headed appraisal of 
where, in years to come, 
intellectual, financial and in- 
stitutional interests will lie. 

“In determining research 
strengths,” .the university told 
the UGC, “we have used as 
performance indicators publi- 
cation records in books and 
articles, patents, prizes and 
awards, invitations to lecture 
and panicipate in conferences. 
We have also taken account of 
the value of external grants. 
We have had an eye to the 
potential *high-flier' opening 
up of research which may be 

Continued on next page 

. . Jn < !0 a«csBBSg 

gown make 
>ite affair 

Kent University is dominated 
by splendid views of the city of 
Canterbury beneath it. The 
architects even deliberately 
designed two of its colleges. 
Eliot and Rutherford, to be 
pierced by vistas of the 

From the town the low-rise 
university buildings are unob- 
trusive. the landscaped cam- 
pus on St Thomas's and St 
Stephen's Hills enhance the 
solid villas creeping out of 
Canterbury on Whitstable 
Road. But though they are 
□ear and physically compati- 
ble in a Kentish son of way. 
town and gown have yet to 
embrace with much passion. 

The university _ is sited 
where it is because, in die bier 
1950s, Canterbury’s city fa- 
thers and officials of the Kent 
County Council wanted it 
there. Canterbury, a city, 
needed a university. For all 
the debris of modernity it is 
still possible in certain lights 
and from certain angles to 
conjure up the town of Canter- 
bury as it might have appeared 
to a William Cobben riding 
down from Rochester replete 
with the local oysters. 

The 1 5th-century cathedral 
nave rises to dominate the 
skvfine and the ancient city 
walls guard the close. It surely 
was a fitting university town. 

Relations, however, are 
more humdrum. The univer- 
sity brings in income for 
traders and landlords and. 
nowadays considerable num- 
bers of non academia to 
conferences in the vacations. 

A decade ago townspeople 
disliked student squatters and 
blamed the university for 
importing socialist votes into 
a true-blue town (an assertion 
university psephologists 
proved was mistaken); but the 
university has made special 

*1] ' - 
K 5 - - • • 

efforts to win hearts and 

The university’s sponsors 
30 years ago had high hopes 
when they proclaimed: “The 
educational and cultural life of 
the city are such that a 
university would not find 
itself planted in an arid soil. 
There is every expectation 
that the city and surrounding 
county on the one hand and 
the university on the other 
would be of mutual support 
and benefit." 

That may now be true, but it 
has taken years of patient 
efTort on the part of Kent 
academics, and especially its 
school of continuing educa- 
tion. Despite initial enthusi- 
asm for the university from 
Kent County Hall at Maid- 
stone. the county has not been 
prepared to make more than a 
token grant to the university 
and has not been able to 
scheme educational plans 
around it: so the university 
has taken its own initiatives. 

To say that Dr Alan 
Barb rook, director of the 
school, has a social mission 
would be exaggerating. He and 
his stafT do have a deep 
commitment to the provision 
of educational opportunities 
not so much to the socially 
deprived (the county of Kent 
has fewer of those than most 
places) as to the community at 
large. This lakes the form of a 
cornucopia of part-time and 
evening courses and one-day 
and weekend conferences. 

Kent i$ typical of British 
universities in that its hinter- 
land has had minimal effect 
on its courses or research 
interests. Its sociologists study 
the Isle of Thanet: there is talk 
of setting up a study group to 
examine aspects of the Chan- 
nel Tunnel project, but by and 
large Kent and the university 
go their own ways. 

■ If f i 

I ST ! •: 



i ivJLAxvCri -3i 1*00 

University neighbours: Canterbury and its ancient cathedral 

Because the county is pre- 
dominantly rural and subur- 
ban, it is largely empty 
territory in the search for 
industrial and commercial re-' 
search sponsorship. Four 
years ago the university set up 
an umbrella organization for 
linking research and industry, 
but its ambit - says its 
director Mr Bernard Wans - 
extends far beyond the county 
of Kent. The search for spon- 
sorship and industrial collabo- 
ration is world-wide. 

Mr Watts’ task at KSIP - 
Kent Scientific and Industrial 
Projects Ltd - is big. The 
university's research estab- 
lishment is small. His job is to 
effect introductions, to 
smooth pathways, 'and his 
success is measured by the fact 
that KSIP now has £750,000 
turnover a year. 

Much of this is in the area of 
biotechnology, a new field 
where Kent is well-placed. 
Biotechnological applications 
are likely to be the attraction 
of the purpose-built suite of 
offices and workshops the 
university has just built on 
campus to let to commercial 
firms. One of the first tenants 
will be LH Bioprocessing, a 
subsidiary of the Porton Inter- 
national Group. 

LH Bioprocessing was set 
up to exploit the new technol- 
ogy within genetic engineering 
to do with fermentation pro- 
cesses; it is looking for applica- 
tions in pharmaceutical 
products, and speciality chem- 
icals for the food and agricul- 
tural industries. 

“This is not a science park", 
Mr Watts avers. In a sense the 
centre is more a response to. 
pressure within the univeristy 
from the existing volume of 
contract research in laborato- 
ries already bursting at the 
seams. The hope is that it will 
prove a mecca for small 
companies on their way to 
expansion. Mr Watts detects 
an encouraging attitude 
change on the part of Kent 
academics. He says: “You can 
see them being educated in the 
ways of commerce. They see 
the benefits that accrue from 
successful industrial 

“Unquestionably things 
have changed over the past 
five years. It is now becoming 
quite respectable to hold an 
industrial contract" 

Kent’s success story is 
Bioxrans. an association be- 
tween campus scientists and 
the laboratory of the Govern- 
ment Chemist an industrial 
research establishment under 
the wing of the Department of 
Trade and Industry; the gov- 
ernment has paid £1 million 
to get the venture off the 

Its work is 

“biotransformation" the use 
of organisms to convert the 
structure of chemicals. Dr 
Chris Knowles, professor of 
microbial biochemistry at the 
university has, for example, 
won wide recognition for his 
work using the enzyme cya- 
nide hydratase to detoxify 
cyanide; ICI bas started pilot 
production of a fungal enzyme 
to feed on cyanide effluents, 
thanks to work at Kent. 


Blowing * 
bubbles is 
a serious 


The unusual interest 
of Dr Cyril Isenbcrs bas a 
fesri nation for the 
photographer. Dr 
Isenberg, a physics 
lecturer. Wows bubbles 
not for entertainment 
but in the cause of 
science. His _ 
demonstrations include 
blowing “hour-glass” 
bubbles the size of a man 
and using soap films 
as a design aid for 
roadways, pipelines 

and cable networks. 

Pictures by 
Snresh Karadia 



the truth 

From previous page 

ahead of contemporary 


The resulting appraisal 
picked out research in the 
chemical laboratory on col- 
loids and interfaces and fun- 
damental studies on the 
mechanisms of chemical and 
biochemical reactions in solu- 
tion. The latter stood along- 
side Kent's pride that its work 
in biochemistry and microbi- 
ology was, for its size, among 
the top 10 per cent in the UK. 

Kent's work in biotech- 
nology had received the acco- 
lade of a £1.5 million grant 
from the Department ofTrade 
and Industry itself. 

Other Kent strengths are: 

• computing, especially func- 
tion programming and formal 

electronics, especially optical 

• statistics in the shape of the 
Applied Statistics Research 
Unit originally funded by a 
“pump-priming" grant fiom 
the UGC but now supporting 
itself from research contract 
money and involved in solv- 
ing problems for private firms 
and industry. 

The university told the 
UGC "We wish to protect 
those areas identified as re- 
search priorities, provided 
that doing so is consistent 
with preserving a sufficient 
spread of expertize to cover 
our teaching commitments.” 
But it warned against over- 
reliance on quick application 
of such research. 

There is a note in this of 
Kent’s self-awareness and 
pride as a university dedicated 
j ip longer-term seeking after 
! truth and new knowledge — 
“An important part of our job 
will be to make sure that lotw- 
term research of scientific 
value is not dominated by 
immediate technological 

The down-to-earth approach opens 
up a hotline to Whitehall 

Kent University’s soda! scien- 
tists fit the stereotype badly. 
Its political scientists are ad- 
mitted into the very portals of 
Number Ten. Its sociologists 
are entrepreneurs, heavily in- 
volved teaching utilitarian 
courses on behalf of the Man- 
power Services Commission to 
would-be businessmen eager 
to start np on their own. 

Its social administrators, in 
the shape of the highly suc- 
cessful Personal Social Ser- 
vices Research Unit, are 
primary recipients of research 
contracts from the Depart- 
ment of Health and Sodal 
Security. Kent docs not appear 
to be listed by government 
ministers or their dvil sa- 
vants as a hotbed either at 
ideological extremism or im- 
practical academka. 

KariMarx does, however. 

have a walk-on role hi Canter- 
bury. Professor Richard 
Scase, a sociologist, noted that 
“we have never gone into 
Marxist-type debates here”. 

Bat a mantist approach is 
noticeable among the 
university's social policy spe- 
cialists even, a few years ago. 
among Its lawyers who were 
busy through a short-lived 
“clinic" bringing radical law to 
the people of East KdhL If 
there were no Marxist social 
scientists at Kent it would be 
odd because it has a large 
complement of them; they are 
heterogenous impossible to 
pin down to a single 

Kent’s political science is 
impossible to classify. Found- 
ed by Professor Brian Keith- 
Lucfls* an old-style 
constitutional scholar sperial- 


Year ending 31 July 1985 




Humanities 368 32 i) 4 || 











456 72 I 


3 20 3 

1087 104 32 I 3 61 3 





6 1 153 I 90 23 

izing in local government, the 
political scientist area at Kent 
now includes Professor Colin 
Seymour-Ure, an analyst of 
the relations of government 
and the media who has recent- 
ly completed a study of the 
likes of the notorious former 
mouthpiece for President Nix- 
on, Ron Ziegler, presidential 

Professor Seynnmr-Ure has, 
bees associated with the 
: growth on the Kent campus of 
a unique collection of potiticai 
cartoons but his next project is 
to lead him into studying a 
type of political spokesperson 
not to Mr Ziegler, 

tiie prime msoisterifll press 
secretary, of whom Mr Ber- 
nard Ingham at Number Ten 
Downing Street has recently 
become such an . egregious 

Professor Seymom-Ure ho 
won research money to study " 
prime minister’s spokespeople 
in Britain and a selection of 
other democracies. 

He is not the only Kent 
sodal scien tist flying dose to 
the sources of po wer . Xu it* 
submission to foe UGC Kent 

emphasized its .research 

strength in what it called the 
sodal consequences of eco- 
nomic change --the effect on ' 
ramifi es and households .of 
unemployment for example. 

Soda work has bees spear- 
headed bysaddog^Profes- 
ser Ray Pahl who led a 
research group hi studying the 
styles of life of unei ployed . 
(antilies in the Isle of Thanet : 
. His rather pessimistic condor 
suns about the withdrawal of 
the unemployed from a normal 
pattern of sodal and leisure 
activities woe balanced by the 
• folding that families where 
one or more iulntts had jobs 
woe also ray active in DIY, 
borne impro vement and so on. 

" Unemployed people lacked 
tiie Incentive, and the where- 

withaL to we thefr “leisure" to 
profit Official interest m Pro- 
fessor PabFs work led to an 
i n v ita tion to present his find- 
ings to a iwi| " w at Number 

- Professor PahT* colleagues 
are also working on the bound- 
ary between eco nom i c s and 
sociology. Professor Scase has 
been studying the sort of 
people who start new business- 
es; with colleagues be fa an 
active builder of a new insti- 
tute Of management at Kent 

Jn his spare time a director of 
Xnricta, a local commercial 
radio ststfcm. 

Professor Scase leaves the 
in^ressira tint sociology at 
Kent is down-to-earth. “We’re 

ly agnostec,* he says. The 
mtivenfty has certainly been 
wed rewarded by the main 
provider of foods for sociologi- 
cal research, the Economic 
and Sodal Research Council. 
Wkb much of the money going 
to its specialist health and 
social services research units, 
sodal science at Kent has 
earned some £1.25 millions In 
gnats wud contracts. 

$»tDr David Morgan, dean 
tfsocfaL sciences, b keen to 
point oat that social sciences 
at Kent: do not just mean 
sociology. Ihtbe faculty there 
: are or coarse economists 
(edecta with relative strength 
in quantitative methods), so- 
cial psychologists, lawyers 
and, the darlings of the 1980s, 
accountants. . 

“Accountants," he says, 
“oe as elsewhere still trying 
to construct their a cadem ic 
identity. Our accountancy stu- 
dents are, however, in such 
demand became they have 
beat taught things like corpo- 
rate^ planning, world econom- 
ics, because they have been 
well educated mod acquired 
tbehr accounting skffls within 
an inteftoctnal context" 

■’*. i\ -:=*• 

. *: • 'S : •;* 

•• V.? 

... •’ .> 


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One of the 
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Our main Gower Streetstore is the most authoritative 
source of academic and general bodes in London. 20,000 
tides from Medicine to Linguistics, Mechanical Sciences to 
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The Order Service Division, based in our University of 
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Personal customers are welcome at Gower Street, which is 
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“ she’ll be starting 2 years paid 

V v -'r .; '= • *v • y v v ? . *•••• 

■■ skill training on the new YTS. 

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»sf before she chooses the one 

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That’s because this year 

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University of Knwait Health Science Centre 

Faculty of Medicine 





Applications are invited to fill in the folkjwir 
Microbiology, Kuwait University, Faculty of 

posts in the Department of 

Chairman of Department 
Professor of Clinical Virology 
Professor of Clinical Bacteriology 

Applicants for these professional posts should have minimum of 14 years 
experience, 4 of which as Associate Professor or its equivalent, i.e. Senior 
Lecturer or Reader. They should also possess Higher Medical Qualifications 
(eg. M.B.B.Ch-, MJLC-Path and or PhDl. Besides having adequate teach- 
ing experience, they *hnolH have conducted and published research in 
reputable Journals. Applicants for post as Chairman should have experience 
of administrations of a department in any sub-speciality in Medical 


Total monthly salary will be within the following scales according to qualifi- 
cations and experience (1 KD = £ Z5. US $ 3-2 approx.). Professors with 
clinical appointments a KD 1210 - KD 1370 (8 increments). Professors 
medically qualified with medical science appointments = KD 1140 - KD 
1300 (8 increments). 

Clinical Supplements: 




Medical Care: 





In addition to the above University salary there 
will be a monthly clinical supplement of KD 450 
(Professor & Chairman) or KD 400 (Professor) 
paid by the Ministry of Public Health for 10 
months a year to the medical school staff with 
rHniral service commitments. 

A member is entitled to attend one academic 
conference a year which would be subject to the 
University rules and regulations. 

There is a gratuity of one month basic salary for 
each year employed payable on termination of 

Suitable furnished, air-conditioned accommoda- 
tion. electricity and water free of charge. 

Free comprehensive treatment is available in 
Kuwait under the State Health Service. 

Air tickets are provided from the country of 
recruitment for the appointee, spouse and up to 
3 dependent children under 20 years. There- 
after, return air tickets are issued «mmi«lly to 
the country of citizenship or permanent resi- 
dence. On termination of contract, air tickets 
are provided to the country of recruitment. A 
baggage and freight allowance is also provided. 

60 days paid annual leave and various national 

This is provided free in State Schools where the 
instruction is in Arabic. Staff who have to send 
their children to non-Arabic Schools in Kuwait 
will have the tuition fees of up to a maximum of ( 
.3 children met by the University. 

There is no income tax in Kuwait. Currency is 
transferable without restriction. 


Curriculum vitae in duplicate which should include the names of 3 referees, 
personal particulars, qualifications with dates, career history, teaching expe- 
rience, research accomplishments and where appropriate clinical experience 
should be sent to the Director of Planning and Academic Staff Recruitment. 
Faculty of Medicine. University of Kuwait, Health Science Centre, P.O. Box 
24923. Safat, Kuwait, to arrive no later than end of April 1986. 


University of Kuwait Health Science Centre 

Faculty of Medicine 

Applications are invited for the Post of Chief Technician in the 
Department of Anatomy. 

Candidates should have experience as a clinical laboratory tech- 
nician and hold the F.I.M.L.S., or equivalent qualification, with 
fifteen years’ experience including training. The successful 
candidate's duties will be of a multi-discipline nature and will be 
both in the laboratory and in the field 

Salary will be in the range of KD 450 - 512 per month, (KD 1 = 
£ 1.8, US $ 3.5 approx.). There is no income tax in Kuwait and 
currency is transferable without restriction. Free, furnished, air- 
conditioned accommodation is provided, and electricity and water 
supplied free of charge. Sixty days paid annual leave for each 
completed year of employment, and annual economy class return 
air tickets to the country of citizenship or permanent residence 
are provided for the appointee, spouse and three dependant chil- 
dren. Free medical treatment is available under the State Health 

Applications should be submitted to: The Director of Planning 
and Academic Staff Recruitment, University of Kuwait, Faculty 
of Medicine. P.O. Box 24923, Safat, Kuwait, with detailed curric- 
ulum vitae in duplicate, recent passport- photograph, and the 
names of three referees, to arrive no later than the end of April 


Not part-time peers, but Manpower temporaries. Forget “Oh no/ 
ft's the temp.” Listen for “Oh great! Ifs the Manpower temporary " 
Our clients now expect that standard - so now we need more 
people to live up to it. 

•Secretaries • W/P Operators 
• Management Secretaries 

We help through training, and correct assigning . . . and recognise 
upper class performance. 

•Manpower Temporary* -IPs a title well worth having. 

Call us new. 

IN W1 

to work for Chief Executive of small company. The 
position offer* the opportunity of interesting and varied 
work in a friendly office. 

If you have good secretarial skills and are well spoken, 
with an ability to communicate astfi all levels. 

Rang 01-387 8279 

(no agencies! 

PA /TCP FLIGHT SMI narter for 
isle clump of busy offlc* and 
Eiurpprmuer's home Hair*. 
A talU* ta lla«> * aU levels 
Highly omul and motivated 
pprwtalKy with warm friendly 
nature Skills 120 '60 excep- 
tional salary. Apply Mb* F 
Howard- Price Jeeves licenced 
Agency Telephone 01-820- 


MATHS anti srausan tuition w 
M A <Cartat» Tor GCE. Oxbridge 
Entrance and 1st year Urav 
work. 01-946 4880 


University of Kuwait Health Science Centre 

Faculty of Medicine 

Applications are invited for the Post of Chief Technician 
in th e Department of Surgery. 

Candidates should be able to oversee the administration 
of busy, modem, well equipped research laboratories. The 
successful applicant will also be expected to assist in the 
r unnin g of many of our on-going research projects and to 
help with the establishment of new ones. 

Research interests include Vascular disorders, High ener- 
gy nucleotides. Angiogenesis, Interactions in anaesthesia, 
toxic, anaphylactic and hemorrhagic shock, Non-invasive 
detection of bleeding, Biomechanics and tumour 
immunology. . , A . 

The applicant should have a B.Sc. or equivalent m a 
biological subject with fifteen years experience. M.Ch. by 
thesis alone would be a great advantage. This position 
would ideally suit a determined, single or childless married 
person, who prefers to work in a demanding but stimulating 
environment. - - . 

Salary will be in the range of KD 450 - 512 per month, 
(KD 1 = £1-8, US $ 35 approx.). There is no income tax in 
Kuwait and currency is transferable without restriction. 
Free, furnished, air-conditioned accommodation is pro vid- 

ment, and annual economy class return air hckcislo ine 
country of citizenship or permanent residence are provided 
for the appointee, spouse and three dependant children. 
Free medical treatment is available under the State Health 

Applications should be submitted tor The Director -of 
Planning and Academic Staff Recruitment, Kuwait Univer- 
sity, Faculty of Medicine, P.O. Box 24923, Safat, Kuwait, 
with detailed curriculum vitae in duplicate, recent passport 
photograph, and the names of three referees, to arrive no 
e en’ 


University of Kuwait Health Science Centre 

Faculty of Medicine 

Applications are invited for the Post of Chief Technician in the 
Department of Microbiology. 

Candidates should have experience as a clinical laboratory tech- 
nician and hold the FJ.M.LS.. or equivalent qualification, with 
fifteen years’ experience including training. The successful 
c and idate’s duties will be of a multi -discipline nature and will be 
both in the laboratory and in the field. 

Salary will be in the range of KD 450 - 512 per month, (KD 1 = 
£1.8, US £ 3.5 approx.). There is no income tax in Kuwait and 
currency is transferable without restriction. Free, furnished air- 
conditioned accommodation is provided, and electricity and water 
supplied free of charge. Sixty days paid annual leave for each 
completed year of employment, and annual economy class return 
air tickets to the country of citizenship or permanent res id e n ce 

dren. Free medical treatment is available under the State Health 

Applications should be submitted to: The Director of Planning 
and Academic Staff Recruitment, University of Kuwait, Faculty 
of Medicine. P.O. Box 24923, Safat, Kuwait, with detailed curric- 
ulum vitae in duplicate, recent passport photograph, and the 
names of three referees, to arrive no later than the end of April 



Leant French in an interesting and vital way in the 
beautiful Dordogne. Short courses, total immersion, 
language laboratories, video, TV. Biingual French staff. 
Visits - Chateaux, caves and histone towns. Activities 
mdude tenms. horse ndmg. canoeing and cookery. 

Further delate: 

L'Ecoie Hampshire 
24250 Veynnes-dePomme 

France _ 

Telephone (01(133 .5 3) 7933-15 

The Hampshire School 
63 Ermsmore Gardens 
London SW7 

T e lep h one 584 3297/8 


USA and LCC exam 

• 4 week typing/ Audto- 
typtng Ow* 

• Parvome Day htlranr 

For piu» t qu> ring . 
on 01-680 6695 


Official French Government Establishment 
Native French teachers - high quality courses 

(10 weeks - starting 21 April) 

• Bilingual Secretarial College 


— 14 Crowd Place, Undo, SW7 2JR 

|E| Tel: 01-589 6211. Ext 42 
■ ■ b 01-581 2701, Ext 21 

Train fora 

career in 

You re nisi one phone a> 
s*av from imwwng rf you'te a 
natural' forlhe lag/*/ pad. 
excwg nortd ol eompuws. 

W. no ttRING NOW 



Th* donond tar (he MW non or wnan ottopodcr n to Smote sector s 
nenenng. MxtOfSie nanna nKasury tjquaMy «ra dpOtei ntfvnpcxfe 
may Be gfcsn ai home D, wry meaawao corre ap oncwnce eworn lotraud 
a* H4 poctas* ft p- n a You are umted to ante lor ew fra* uoddai boa 

hr Secretary g< to Sc h ool of OKOfXXft- 

TOO NhM p reor p li OH TIT) 

Both HU. moo n C M. tento x SU out 

Tafc M idr nhn ti (DBS) 21100 (Z4 brmj and (063*] 32W9 


are available i n the 
for the academic year 1986/7. 

Applicants with suitable flnaBftcatons tomesnb- 
ject5 listed below can obtain t he a ppttcatton 
forms and relevant information from: 

The Cater*! Department 
Embassy of the RepabHc of In* 

20 Queens Gate 
London SW7 SJG 
Tek 01-584 7141 
(IOjOO am - 100 pa Moa-Frf) 

don fams and photocopies of certificates is the 2lst 
April 1086. 


X. One year contract (renewable) 

2. Monthly safety is paid in Irani Dtnara^One 
I D, » £ 2,5 approx.) according to nuaflflea- 
tions and experience 

DIPLOMA: O.D. 130-140 + LD. S per year off 
experience (up to a max. of LD. 250) 

B-A- & B4SC-J-D. 150 +IJX Speryearoffexnert- 
ence (up to a max. off LD. 30Q) 

M-A. & M5C.3.D. 300 + LD- 10 per year of 
experience uip to a max. of LD. 450) 

LD. 450 + LD. 20 per year of experience (up to a 
max. rtf £800) 

3 . Free accommodation, subject to avaflaMHiy, 

LD 60 monthly for Bachelors 
LD.160 monthly for Married Ca ndid a t e s 

4. AH Incomes are Tax-Free 

8. Free air tickets for the candidate, ids wife 
and two (under eighteen) children, al the be- 
ginning and the termination of the Contract. 

6. Free medical treatment at Government 

7 . 60% off the income is transferable outside 


AgricaHaral Engineering CMLScJ 
Automatic Control 
Compiler Construction 
Computational Aerodynamics 
Computations & Flames 
Computer Network 
Energy Conversion 
Fife Organization & Data Base 
Geological Oceanography (Geochemistry) 

Heat & Mass Transfer 
Impact Mechanics 
Information Systems & Technology 
Internal now Mechanics ' 

Management (Data Systems) 

Marine Biology (BtoEnergyJ 
Material Sciences 

Multi-Phase TTanseer - - 

Petroleum Eng. CSurtece Sc Production Operation) 
Pressure Vessels 
Software Eng. 

Surveying (Eng. & Geology) 

Stress Analysis 




Bactran MK merer 

Med. Virology ffh»f » e x perience tn TI woiCoB— . 

Diagnostic Virology and Strategy? 
IHiMBEIci (CardMogy. Nephrology and Netvology) 

PJS. Thtac subjects m mkHBaoal to tfrot 
ateertiieiMnt in the m o nth nf 
March. That subject* am eoty 
available at the University ef Bagh- 
dad and Mae University of Basrah 

Stonehouse, GIos 


Application s are invited by 29th Apr! for the post of 
Head in succession to Mr. R.CL FtxAon - vteo, the Ms 
predecessors, has been a member of HMC - stem he 
becomes Head of Ctefafs Ho sp i ta l on M Jmivy. 
1987 - ' 

Defate of -the post and a pp fcatf on forms may be 
obtained bom foe Secretary to 4he.-£ounca of 

Govenorm. Wydffe College. Burner's Office. Regent 
Street. O to n ehoas e, Gtos. OLIO 2AD. 


Experienced French teach- 
er required to teach to CE. 
and P-S.S. levels al boys' 
day prep, school in Sur- 
rey. Burnham scale D rtc. 
Single accommodation 
available. Apply with C.V. 
to BOX E49. 

IN 1986? 

GCTO- or A'IcmP Aggtffeg 

UCCA ot PbV BrttoMmg? 


MOW tS THE TWtl la can* 
ns lor ereen osesiMM ted 
gwdnea. Fua bnebare; 

MGlwceste, PlHr.Wl 
01-935 S4S? (24 led 




■Al Lansdowne you leam lo 
nunao? litfornunon and na 
lust type ir Laradowne Cot- 
iese- 4S kam noton Caron*, 
London SW7 4jy. 

T«- 01-373 7382'3/4 

wckasc roue 
jus raospccrsi 
Why not study and enjoy the 
summer in Toreay at the 
came nine? Students may at- 
tend tun time secretarial 
courses combined with Oand 
AtnetsabiMtt Thera are a 
number of iMenatie 3 
months courses as well as 
Ran-tune eources. Apply for 
delate Lewis Education Cen- 
tre. 64 Torwooa Si. Yonjuay 
TQl IDT 0903 214474 

Tel: 01-629 2904. 

THE Queers secretarial Gm- 
leoe. 22-24 Qu wte imf Place. 
London SW? ZDS Please write 

or letepnone for prospectus. Ol- 

689 8SS3 or 01-689 8331 

SHOOT rVTOttIVt rypewrUtng 
mdividua) tuition/ Speed devel- 
opment. Electric -electronic, c 
wio full Ume day. Beginners 
AprU T, May & Te) - Mr* RMin 
01-629 2904. The Langtiam 
Centre 18. Disiraven SL. 
fcrUan* London Wl. 

wonwnr facts met 

sheet, on an secondary Inoe- 
pendent Schools In U.K. C1.7S 
per school tn» per 10 seMcut. 
from: indepenociu Facts. Eun 
House. I Woodlands. Beverley. 
North HumbenMe HU17 BBT. 
•naCH SCHOOL? Our edlMd 
Hng tt Ire* and OMective. Come 
and era in - Truman i, 
KmgniMy. ?b rrS) Netting Kin 
Gale. W12. Tefc 01-727 1342. 



For RAicatjonel Adviemy Ser- 
vice dealing whh enqoinea on 
UA KtotioB. primarily pael- 
eecondary. Graduate of 
American naivemtv, aged 23- 
•& preferred. Typta* tkife 

Starting salary w itMa (be 
tun U £6093 to £7iQ7 in- 
dudhig Loudon Alkmnce. 
Apply with Carrtctdum Vitae 
by April 7 ue GduratiOtte Ad- 
viser. 6 Porter Street (off 
Baker Sueetl. London W 1 M 

qidred far SepeemOer. 1986, 
following are appQuameat of 
The Reverend Lurarn' 
Wmw w Marteoroogh. Ap- 
. pHcann etooind be grad oates; 
Prrvtoos «nooi experience a 
not e m c n t ia l. The anpoufl- 
man tmww, Mtenl and 
teaching . dtiUca a* wefl as 
ourpgM of die Chapel and' 
the ordering of Wormio. Ac- 
c omraort a Uon Is pro v ided tor 
a married «r a nnrhtHor 

ApMtatdom together «mn 






APDOtntment Of re ao a iCW 
assMani-archlvMt. for two 
years, for week on the papas 
or the Soctely for the protec- 
tion of Science and Learning. 
Acaoermc-reiateti Qrade HA; 
tnmat sataiy £7B2a candJ- 
date* shouM hue a gemf 
honours dews*. In on appro- 
priate field, and reiaied 
r esea r ch . arenree eMne r tnica 
win be an additional advan- 
tage. Farther aeons and 
application forma may be ob- 
tained man Or Asteunf 
Secretary. BotBdan Library. 
Oxford oxi 300. emmua 
dam AptU 

TcdmiciM and 

Si ofSicuas. enienw ^ 


wubran fwmettm. «ee, 

KBiUra Onuc. P. O . B» 2 
Safat, knwait, wiffi derailed c unjeaton 





W • J r'r " ‘ 

/ 'j. 

J. sr/ 



w-ff '****.':. 

ii - ; ' 

A r 


OuicffteefynnewhobiRaihtti WK.k>i/V-X‘»csii:ijie»yor 
r9o.-ondhand.17iT. read The SuniLfy TkrHrf. 

A II cure which comTiWiiiNy outMripv».tur orajoc ct>n>- 
pelitots. iDoiiy "fekwaph. Sundw Tcleauph, 

NRS. ApriFSepiember IWfil. 

This year, hs metre Ibuo bkriy many our 4 mitlioa 
readers will hein the marbci lachuoue ibeimir. 

The mon*.vtuv42%<tl themown iwoor mure care. 
Reasons enooeh U> choose The Sunday Times as an 
ideulptacetoseBacar. .• 

ftmkuiaHy when you consder the modest mhure of 
oarraiev . 

JusA E93()|w hneluppiredaLflehidurvwmds: minimum 
three lines). . . 

Or tiWt fuH dcrplay \ plus VAT Hr |5%|, 

Tv rescrw space WT m yisir adoertftement in the space 
. hejuw t Ioniser messaisesean he attached se^uulcN l. 
Cheques fohe made pcrutbfc hr Times Newqupcn Ltd. 
Jdw«dd you wish to ps^r by Accessor Baiekwcaal. please 
quote yttrir number hektw. 

Send ib SbWqy Margate, Group CfesffBed Ateennre- 



P-O. Vhrinia Sacct. London 

Duytime 'feiepbone:, 
lAmakl ..: 

Wrile for details to: 
Master tf Made 
Wditete CMhteal 
4-2 Finds Strecf 
London SWIP IQW 



tjlS yfyl, . 


Over 1-4 million of the 
mo$t affiaent people in the 
cotmtiy read the classified 
cdnnms of The Times. The 
foBowing categories appear 
regularly every week, and 
are generally accompanied 
by relevant editorial articles. 

Use die coupon (right), 
and find out fa ow easy, fast 
and economical h is to adver- 
tise in The Times Classified. 

MONDAY E du c a t i on: Univer* WEDNESDAY U Crime deb 
siiy Appointments. Prep. & Public CmaetSecrciaral/PAapponmenu 
Sclrod Appointment. Educational over £7300. General seoetanal. 
Gourses^cholanhips&FHk]wship&. Property: Residential, Commercial. 
L* Creme de la Creme: Town & Countiy.Oveneas. Rentals. 

TUESDAY Conspuler Horizons: 

a comprehensive guide to the THURSDAY Gcneiri Appoml- 

computcr market nenls: Chief Execuuves-Managing 

Legsi Appointments Solicitor*. Directors. Directors. SaJes and 

Commercial Lawyers. Legal MdrkclmgExcculivesand Overseas 

Officer. PrrvateA Public practice. Appomimems. Including a new 
Le»d La Creme: a new classifies- classification entitled FdteddBt 
non lortop legal secreiaries. 'Accoonlsncy Appoharnemy 


FRIDAY Motors: A complete car 
buyers' guide featuring established ■ 
dealersand private sales. ’ 

Busmess to Business: 

Selling properly, franchises, 
equipment etc. to small and large 
companies or businesses. 

SATURDAY Overseas Travel: 
Holidays abroad. Uw cost fiighis.- 
Cnnses. Car hire. UJLInvel: 
Hotels. Collages. Holiday lets. 

Pm Frfendsa new classification for 
young readers to comacipeople with 
simaarimeresisat home and overseas. 

1^1 m the coirponand attach ilfovouradveriisemtmt: Print- tnjta ppAa nng. 

- wewill coniact you with a quotation and confirm the: date of insertion 
Raie&ans Lineage SA per line (min. 3 fees). Boxed Display £23 per single . 
column centimetre. Court and Sorio)£$ per fir®. All rates ***15% VAT. • 

PAY NO POSTAGE. Send la: The Ttaes, SUife* Maryrf K Group 
Qtes^ed AdYmbemenr MuanTroB Newspapero Ltd. A tet it fa ren en t Depart 

mem, RO.Bwt 484, YRgmh Street, LMdfeEIVDD. ' ’ ■ - " 

NAME . ' ' "• • • • • 

ADDRESS .7' . ' - 

I ^ 

TELEPHONE tDavtimei 


. date of fttamv""" - T - ~ 

‘ incMtetetiiMrwomitiUmdtifiuivte,. 

□ ; i:l \ I T.-lM rr 





AH rimifin l attwenneaientt 
cm be. accepted by tefcphoea 
(except AonoiiiicenKsjiu]. The 
d wffiac b 5-O Qtaa 2 day? prior 

upattNattoeGe 100pm Mon- 
day fcr WodnrarteyL Should 
yon-wbh h ml as advcrdK- 
mern mi «mii| please iacfaxk 


MIllHin. ff yon hm D» 
guerie* or problem? idninK to 

ata wi ii ed . _ 

Depar tm ent 

by telephone on 01-4M SOOC 




atee f*ven me me 

MBaraMHae: and tny 
■and naBi hotewn me ik>. 
an ut 36 

. -__JAY W* 3 bed fm tux 

£*”? V* ^ra l Lw Rent J37 
■ a**S Hat er OOZ3.720GJO ew 
™*5» APMtmixre m 
Jgn^g^cm TV aanr ewnd. 
Ux- OMmignem AMa S73 6306. 
.J- - 1 ***• Laxnry a brd 
Wiy rwnWKd Mrviced aid 
Marts. Ol 373 6306 ITJ. 

WMUnCUarV email doubt* ra 

M. «u«n0 Mouse Nr tube. 
£30 pw tncl Tel. Ol MS 1063 


W W> * H 3T mot Sharioa 
Anenert Iwnwwntn no (w 
X Kings Rd. Swa ot-sea 80X3 
H h. mil f 334- m share room h 
■WM^c nal. 3 40.30 pw rad. 
Tft 361 27TT after TJO MB 



; v_-%, 


Together we can beat II' 

. »fe fund overone third of 
aU research into the preven- 
tion ami cure of cancer in 
the UK. 

Help us by se riding a doru - 

lion or mate a legacy ux 




2 Carlton HruiM-Terut e. 

(Dqd j, London SWIY-5AI 


PMMMN», Love or Marriage. 
AH anas, ana*. rwmnne. E 
SQI6) 23 AMnodaa Read. L 
don wa TRfc 01-936 10X1 


-a* 1 
'•r,. ■ 

Too pilcra paid. Ol 328 0433. 

paM to oOl wa court any 
wdMr*. Contact Kw on wye 

BoofcseOm. 14 Hteb Town. 

uay do Wye. Hereford. TM 
daytfenr .0497 820876. «ve- 
HWOM7 820736. 

LAMS HABtom * Mirrors. 
Desks. Boettcaae etc 6 Pre 1940 
ftramre. Tel: 01-888 0148 or 
01-238 3718 dear or dgbL 


■ • •'n si 
>• — /■«. 


Meanders Codcoplut 
TUes. design namral only 
£8.98 per sa yd + VAT. 
Wool mbt Berber carpets 
-4m wide Henman backed 
£4-55 per sa yd + VAT. 
While stocks last. 

2D7 Haversfoc* HB 

Hatnpmwl NWS 

Tfrfc 01-794 0139 

Flee eeOmeies^xpert IHtteg.- 

Per Week £ 


2-bed Gevfpan House 300 

— IbedRat 


Hwai View 1 -bed Ffal 
Super l-hed Ret 


Unary 1-bed Fist 





wiiiuw tax. mm 

pte nSo^w’wrtl 2 l * n,,n,8 

"’t^naSS 1 

KLGmyiA. New luxury 

nouee-hupe roof garden. . 
bed/stttlng room, dining room. 
ULttMx TV. stereo. 3270. Tel: 
.336 0260.-6691697. 

* extcuUvee urgently seek 
auaWy properties bi all nmrk 
/WesUAddon areas. For aura 
HOP Picas* ring 01-908 3426. 

M rnu o e FLATS « 

amn. A read, for dtpkxnats. 
executives. Long & short Ms in 
- aH arae. Unfriend & Co. as. 

ASaamarte St Wl. 01-4998334. 

We wmrtalh* in renting quality 
nmblwd homes. Try us. 
HuaUf* 837-7388. 

get or luxury apt*. Snort lets. 
Central London. 01-936-2412. 


tunas Hurroos. 4 mm* Hyde 
Park. Luxurious wen furnished 
A-equteswd DM. 2 rec. 2 dMe 
bedims UL dsl bath 6 cats. 
Quiet A gunny- AH pomade a> 
ptlinccs- CM TV. p* CH. 
flreptaoi. phooe Co mpany let. 
I year from 1st April. No 
■ymta.- S894066. 

nix nan/houM? up id csoo 
p.w. unal fees ran. PMUipe 
Kay A Lawk, Sm4h of Die Park. 
Chelsea office. 01-382 8111 or 
Norih of the Pork. 

Park office. 01-722 61 
Quality (umtUMd/unfiirnWwd 

There at an Easter Bunny 
Cause you 
Pianos need boms 
Make th*ir dream* come true 

wan on- unMor bw 
WUB option to Purchase plans 
From only fiicwu 


. NWS. 
7* 01-938 8682. 
ArdUery Place. 6C18- 
ThC 01-884 4817. 

of EheMPd*? OncB 17th and 
18th Century reoUca furnmirr- 

cats> truuair^^H 

■We have tteftets Ibr Orate end an 

theatre and marts.. Tee 631 
3719. 637 -1718. AH MW 

rates ms. Hand bound ready 
Tor presentaaun 
-Sundays”- <3260. ReuwaHar 
When. 01-688 8336. 


Starugu Em Chess. Lea mb. 

- j theatre and apart* 

Tel: B21 -6616^280498. 

AO / Vha / Down. 
MU MB TABLE- poHahed 
bggtw. 189a ' carved 
TocUty ■ '■wsiwrue Tab Ol 
*40 1 1B2 or w/e 0672 870629 
KATPMDCU Any event inc Lea 

828 1878. Major credit 
TME TMHCS (1814-1988). OK« 

the vary day they ware l 
Tel: 01-486 15306. 

etc. Can you buy cheaper? B A 
8 Ltd. Ol 229 1947/8068. 


UmOadEdnons of WOMngian 

£4800 each. Ready » BOX 



number: 14152. OutStuto 
raMteFoampcr. <rma oi-sso 

■vaiUMe. ao> raongate Rd. 
NWB. 01-287 7871. Free 

new and raetorad pranas for the 
teraesl asnalnr sela rwwi wWk- 
able. 50a HtotapMa Rd. NWL 
01-267 7671. Free cttfatoww. 

London's leading medalM hi 
new and restored planns for me 
largaat genuine Mecdon *v*H- 

atm7 304 H ign a a l e Rd. NW& 

571. Free 

01-267 7671. 

ML Quality 


Rd.. 8 Croydon. 01-688 3813 

oy. Ext. nut., regtdury urned. 
£1:260 ono. 01-441 4801. 


. • .i 



AUergy . Sms. 
taunOvt Therapies. 
Hcaldentlal Courses. 





*»^C* JEFAnert 
laead f ip e v mtwua 
Cngtam tart/ pay of umuar ape. 
to come to England now until 
nw June. For fUr mar aataMS 
~ i d easi pnene 01-602 2327 afler 
600 wn ht 0392 32469 over 


“wr mvKDjun, 
renhaL LentteD Mm tcaaOg*. 
"teh Tow» Hm Ap«s am 9*S5 

FUDuun Puuiey. 

Wimbledon. RicMnand. From 
CSOO pw. Rmt U with your 
rewdrements ol 244 7355. 
Deatched housev4 beds. CH. 

tuny equipped modernised 

Utdien. ""rr**— ~y 

conmwBng. £4 30 p an. Rrfer- 
im mund. 0732 863236 
AMHBICAM Bank urgently re- 
quires luxury flats and houses 
ITOoi £200 - £1.000 pw. Ring 
Burgess Estate Agents 581 8136 

KNIOHTSBRIDCE flats/ houses 
avaflaoie now. £100-1 4)00 pw 
Burgos 01-601 8136. 
ffc» MARBLE ARCH. Elegant IBS 


WOKEBCB UM 300 SO. stiver 
grey -red tenmer auenor. Auto- 
matte. air condMonlng. Tax and 
MOT until Mb'. 30000 aMes 
Ctoctnc window*. Completely 
overhauled gearbox. 6 rams 
guarantee Mgnly tunud npm 
by Mercedes specialist*, profes- 

wheel. £3.9sa TeL- 725 7191 
tdayk 733 4720 tens). 



Dark grar with Horn grey interi- 
or. cruise control/ trip meter. 
16.000 utiles. £16 860. Tek 
0rantnamt0476l 76313. 

_ 1981/66 

Choice of 46 whoio range. 
C4.995-CI9.000. CH. 19 yea re. 
PX. Tel 01-864 9833 Essex (TV 


280 SE. 

September 8S.C rtristiaucm, 

lulnmrir 7 WOT miles. OM- 
SK white, Urn vdonr. brand 
new with lots of extras in- 
ctoding air conditioamg, 7SS 
dccnoaic stereo 

cassette/rai&a. Owner touts 

£17^50 far quiet min. 

01-643 5748. 


Nairobi. Jo*Bmg. Cana Db- 
bu. baanbuL Snuapore. IiJ_ 
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Ol 441 till. 



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wiBiuHmac rec ream by man 
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Town House. 

, * W ,OBm '£5o?i 



MEW SALLOWAY. End terraced 
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FROM £785 











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In brautl/ul Majorcan mountain 
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■ndidge yourself... you 
deserve il a weekend in Ven- 
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whl drink wdL shop writ and 
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Holidays of duonction for toe 
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Sea from apartment to retiL 
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From £75 PW 0782 '332773. 

■ABBfll A. Lux 3 bed apt tr 
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lovely sea view. 01 988 

9636/877 2161. 


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TAKE TUNE OFT to Parte. Am- 
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700 01-235 8070. 


Snfl froaps — M-Zl ptn|d( to 
dm Uat saraO hods — Bodraa 
‘ srtt o gitei s'ora BHwtb M ator 
crolscr talUiteyiGRCoe: ftotel 
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■feL 0J42-22222 (24hn) 

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tUfftresiL Enjoy the impoDrd 
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fantastic sports tacUUfes. beauti- 
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Morale high for Grey Desire 

Grey Desire, Mel Brittain's 
tough six-year-old. is napped 
to win the Quail Stakes at 
Kempton a second time this 
afternoon. Before he won it 
last year he bad finished 
unplaced in the Cam midge 
Trophy at Doncaster. This 
time he enters the fray fresh 
from a morale-boosting vie 
lory in the same sprint at 
Doncaster. What he did there 
he should manage again, espe- 
cially as he proved last year 
that he is not remotely put om 
of his stride by the son of 
testing conditions that he will 
encounter again this after- 

Formatune and Will 
George, others to have won at 
Doncaster recently, are also 
both fancied to cash in on 
their fitness in the Capital card 
Handicap and the Paddock 
Handicap respectively. 

But m these races I just 
prefer Fusilier and Hilton 
Brown. Fusilier was carrying 
overweight when he finished 
■third in the Uncoln, while 
Hilton Brown will be meeting 
Will George on 71b better 

At Nottingham Lester 
Piggort's first two runners as a 
I trainer will inevitably arouse 
interest on the course where 
he bowed out as a jockey in 
this country. 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

While the word from New- 
market is that Piggott has a 
good chance of wuming the 

lumber Stakes for Charles St 

George with Caeiios tro, who 
was with Henry Cecil 

.'ecil last year, 
the feeling there is that his 
other runner. Georgie’s De- 
light. will be beaten in the 
Little John Stakes by Gavin 
Pritchard-Gordon’s Cresta 
Auction, whose stable com- 
panion Dhofar is also expect- 
ed to win the Coral 
Bookmaker Hurdle at 

George Robinson, our New- 
market correspondent, also 
passes on encouragement for 
Weshaam (2.30) and Hoist the 
Axe (4.30). Ben Hambury’s 
two runners at Newcastle. The 
latter was beaten only a length 
there on Saturday by Soxoph 
while the former has obvious- 
ly been going great guns on the 

Otherwise it should pay to 
follow Peter Easterby at 
Gosforth Park. The redoubt- 
able Yorkshire trainer will be 
looking to Well Rigged to 
recover their Lincoln losses in 
the Newcastle Centenary 
Handicap while Cumbrian 
Dancer is expected to go well 
in the Northern Handicap on 
ground that seemed to suit 
him last year. 

True to form Easterby's 

stable for all seasons will also 
be fielding some of its jumpers 
on this busy afternoon. 1 can 
envisage Cy brand inn being 
too quick for Earls Brig in the 
H S Commercial Spares 
Handicap Chase and thus 
compensating his connections 
for their overall misfortune in 
the Cheltenham Gold Cup 
which ended in disaster when 
a stirrup leather broke after 
only six fences. 

But stable companion 
Ryeman will surely need to be 
at his very best if he is to beat 
Josh Gifford's southern raider 
Simon Legree, who ran so well 
at Cheltenham to finish a close 
third in the Miklmay in the 
Flete Challenge Cup. 

Elsewhere the successful 
Ross-on-Wye trainer John Ed- 
wards looks the man to follow 
at Hereford, where Mana Reef 
(3.0). Deo* Crest (3.30) and 
Castle Warden (4.0) are all 
thought capable of winning, 
leaving stable companion 
Strath Leader to keep the flag 
flying at Market Rasen by 
winning the Ketsby Novice's 

Still on the Lincolnshire 
track I can envisage Mark 
Pitman landing a double there 
for his mother Jenny on Red 
Rocky (3.25) and Mr Dibbs 

Oliver Sherwood is another 

Upper Lamboum trainer with 
doubly good prospects this 
afternoon, but on different 

While his brother Simon 
will be on duty at Newton 
Abbot to partner their father's 
nice young horse Harry’s 
Double in the Castle Circus 
Novice's Hurdle, Clive Cox, 
his understudy at Rhone hurst, 
will be at Wincanton to part- 
ner Predominate in the first 
division of the Axbridge 
Novice's Hurdle. Both will be 
hard to beat, while Battle 
King, from Fred Winter’s 
yard, is another big Lamboum 
tip for the second division 

Lester Piggott First runners 
as trainer today 

Omerta can repel Righthand Man 

From Our Irish Correspondent, Dublin 


I Country House Hnuji 

Spend thri Spring or summer 
In quiet (usury raw r» 
Mtfforo esruary Own grounds. 
MCtuded cove wctfwm food 
Wrlrr or pnone far Brochure 
Mswnan.Faknoutn. Cornwall 
TEL Falmouth K>f26i -250-MO 


food and 
comfort m superb Georgian syto 
rduay GH. Fresh naked ran*, 
rtofted cream. Licensed DA A 
a £1360. Td 0398 4203. 




■ml coounicr surveillance 
equipmeoi tor both the ama- 
teur & profcsnooaL Ring or 
write for price list. 

716 Ua Bridge ltd 
lOTdM E10 CAW 
M 558 4226 


Traditionally lightweights domi- 
nate the Irish Grand National 
laud this past week punters have 
seized npoii this ss a decisive 
doe in their attempts to identify 
the winner of Ireland's richest 
steeplechase ran today at 
Fairy bo ase. The animal to take 
their fancy has been Omerta, 
who was backed from 1 2-1 down 
to joint favouritism on Saturday 
morning with two major English 
fancies Run and Skip and 

Bt ghelranil M*n 

Certainly Omerta looks to 
have been given a real chance by 
the handkapper. Captain Louis 
Magee, for he will be carrying a 
mere 9si 81b as compared to the 
J2st of Ran and Slop and the 
list 91b of Ri ghthand Man. 

The last time Omerta per- 
formed was at Cheltenham when 
in the four mile National Hunt 
Chase he made light of 12st 71b, 
winning in a canter by a dozen 
lengths from Another Dragon. 
Even though there is a world of 
difference between the class of 
the average National Hunt 
Chase competitor and the horses 
that figure prominently in the 
Cheltenham Gold Cnp, I believe 
Omerta can triumph today. 

The two top weights fit into 
the latter category having fin- 
ished fourth and fifth behind the 
great mare. Dawn Rim, this 
month. Rim and Skip made the 
better effort by far, keeping 
company with Dawn Ron for the 
greater part of the race and still 
being in contention at the secsod 
last fence. He -bad, however, 
nude a coaple of bad mistakes, 

Righthand Man ran a very 
different sort of race, never 

really flowing iiitn i ^ply iKmi | 

hot it is probable that he was 
short of a race for this was his 
first start since running fonrth to 
Ron And Skip at Chepstow 
before Christmas. Comparing 
the Fairy house and Chepstow 
handicaps, one finds that 
Righthand Man is now 181b 
better off and Mrs Dickinson is 
very optimistic that he can turn 
the tables with Ron And Skip. 

It is well worth remembering 
that Righthand Man nut n 
splendid race in last year's Grid 
Cop. being beaten only 2 Vi 
lengths by Forgive hi* Forget If 
he can recapture that form be 
would certainly be the pick iff 
the English trio with Maori 
Venture the outsider of the trio. 

Going: soft 

















-301 HARD CASE TJDraapaf 8-10-13 


-341 MAORI VQfrtJIS A Tran* 10-10-13 

-408 KSKM BMDGI P D McCnwy 8-10-7 

. S Stnflh Ecdes 

G Bcadey 



ASHLEY HOUSE P PrentJoroast 12- 1 0-6 . 
LLJCiStS F Flood 7-1 0-4 

-IP/3 IKTER DONOVAN E J O'Grady 10-10-4 
-042 THE ELLER ALT Moare 10-9-13 . 

-230 FAWSFAMKCHnchmough 88-10. 
-1P4 DARMQ RIM PDMcCmiyl 1-8-8 
-411 OMERTA J H Scott 6-841 . 


- TJTMffa 

-121 ANDROVWERoongy 7-9-7. 

-811 BOLD AGENT EOConnel 10-9-7 . 
-008 DALTHORE N Meade 8-9-7 . 

. TMragan 

F41 INSURE P Hughes 69-7 

P14 MARCOLO MCuratfighan 9-9-7 

. JP Byrne 
A Moans 

M Ryiri 


9-2 Hl o ie t ign d Man. 5-1 Run And Ship. 61 Omerta. Mareoio. 161 Hard Case. Pair 
IS Fair. 12-1 Maori Ventura. Luctste, 161 Sestan Bridge. Mister Donovan, 161 others. 


(1 2-0) 5m beaten 14KI 

91 IB ran. 
won 41 from 

168) won 

n TV (61 1) wllh RK3KTHANb MAN (1 1-7) 4tn b 
V Welsh Grand National 3m 61 eh son Dee 21. HARO CASE (162) 

8 ran. LJngfteld 
121 to Adnuda 

ELUER (163) with SESKM BRIDGE (1613) 5th beaten 8X1 11 ran. 
3m ch good Feb 18. MAORI VENTURE rf 1-71 won 1 M (torn Port Askaig 
h'capch good to soft Mar IS. MISTER DONOVAN (12-0) 3id 

... (1241) 14 ran. OmB e nhani 3m 2f hun ch good Mat IX 

OMERATA (12-7) won 12f Irom Another - ~ 


Mar 12.1 

13) won 

12) with DAL' 

la Irom 

L0£61Q) 4th beaten ia to 

Dragon (IS 

IBto when going wek 20 ran. CheHenham 3m h'cap good Mar 1 1 . earner MARCOLO (9- 
2 jU from LUOBS (11 -2J and BOLD AQEnT (10-0) 3rd beaten 22M.L 4 ran. 

(12-0)22 ran. Chanaftoam 4m en i 
Corat (1 1-0) with LUCtSIS |i 1-fi) Ml 
Mar 11. 

INSURE (168) won 26 from Howart Highway {6 
. . _ . 3m h'rap twavy M» 15. BOLD AGEKT (11- 

woo a from RandoM(6S]5ran DownRoyal 2m 4t heap ch heaxy Mar 22. AHOROY 

3rd of 8. Limerick 3m h'c 

ih'caphdto heavy Mar 15. BOLD 

. . ^ Royal 2m 41 heap 

■7) 2nd beaten 3 to BOLD AGENT (9-7) 8 ran. Down Royal 
. racenB^AWtOT (12-0) won 8 ImmPat McGee (1 1-7)9 

LUCtSS (eedi wsy) 


ch heavy 

Selection: RUN AND SKIP 

3m h'capcn good soft Mar 
9 ran. Downpatrick 3m heap 

FORM THAIS TOUR LOT bt tram hradbig. 0-1 3 5th beaten 17MI to Celebrity (7-1 1)1 6 
ran. Doncaster lm2f stkssoft Nov 9. ALLFAm (9-7) 2nd tauen .1 hi to Master Line (a-1) 

Televised: 1-4$ 2.15, 2.45 Draw: high numbers favoured 

(Going : soft 

^A5 QUAIL STAKES (£4^04: 6f) (ISnumers) 


102 400062 SHARP 

00301-1 GREY DESKS (C-D)(M8nBain)M Brittain 6610 
ROMANCE (USA)(D)(Sh9fcti Monomed Al 

KOarloy 7 


105 042460 AMIGO 
107 2124/16 REALLY 

00004-4 VORVADOB£>) 



Monamad AJ Sabah) B Hanoray 


(Mbs FG afchan)MJ Haynes 6610 SCaudwnl4 

“ (J U) K Brassey 5-9-5 N Adam 5 

Si George) R Hracnteson 665 JReld2 

8 ran. Newmaricat 1m 21 h'cap good to Ann Odlfl. ABU KAORA (610) 8m beaten t r%: 
to Bold Rex (67) 24 ran. Doncaster 1m4th'cap soft Nov 9. NEBRlSj6l 2] 9tfiMa»n22i 

tod m (km Sep 21- BOOM PA- 
_ _ casierim2t5tksgoodMar21. 

I (9-9) 4tn beaten 5KI to Queens Eyot (611) 15 ran. Windsor im 2 1 

~ ----- ■"‘il to K- BadBfy(B-4) 25 ran. Doncaster 

I beaten 31 to Balgowne (7-8) 19 ran 
/cap soft Mar 25. DUELUNQ (8-3) 4th beaten 41 to Baigownie (7-2) 18 
ran. Doncasnr lm2f n* “ 

S e l ectio n: XHAI 

i’cap good Mar 20. 


109 2W060 GENTUSCM (USA) (B Kidd) R roChols ^60 

110 Z13006 MIRACLES TAKE TME (D) (Mrs B SMmeri 0 Bswth 4-60 

111 MOUHT ARGUS (J Watson) M McCoun 4-60 

K (Lord McAjpoie) R Smyth 4-T " 

H (E Huef) C BanstBad 460 
PARK (T Ramsoen) M Ryan 4- 

012206 OUR JOCK 
233404- MELODY 


Ramsoen) M Ryan 4-611 . 
00103-0 CRETE CARGO (S Anrudej M Franco 360 

. R Cochran* 1 
— H How 11 
P Cook 10 
BRooa* 3 

06 FARNCOMBE (A Ruhards) C Bnttagi 660 

130122- OCEAN TRADER (B)(D) (A MuSngs) G Lewts 3-60 . 

. QSttetsy 12 

Paul Eddary 9 


Kempton selections 

By Mandarin 

1.45 GREY DESIRE (nap). 2.1S Fusilier. 2.45 Mariey Roofiis. 3.15 
Our Pel 3.45 Fhrag. 4.15 Hubbards Lodge. 4.45 Hilton Brown. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.45 Sharp Romance. 2.15 Fusilier. 2.45 .Xhai. 3.15 Shad es Of 
NigbL 3.45 Below Zero. 4. 1 5 Tans Is Tans. 4.45 Broadwater Music. 
Michael Seely’s selection: 2.45 Xhai 

64 GfBv OttSTO. 62 Shaip Romance, 61 Vonmdos, 161 Malady Park. 14-1 
lAmigo Loco. 161 Really HonesL 

) 4th beaten 5«:l , 

MBUCLES TANE TORE AM) 3rd beaten 2hi to Mauu (69 15 ran. Hayaock « 
'AtM(6l)4thbeenn2ltDZanBtB(7-1^ “ 


h eap soh Oct 16 MELODY P; 
h cap good Oct 26. OCEAN TRAt 
ran. Lmcester W stks (km Oci 21 . 
11 ran. Doncaster 71 h'i 
Detection: GREY 

4) AWQOLOCO(94) 5th beaten 9M. 13 ran. Doncaster Slstks good 

mt . 

Mummy a 

(6l9)5th bearan 121 to Mksnaad (7-13) 

13) 2nd beaten 31 to l 

IB ran. Newbury BI 
Favourite (610) 5 

3.15 REDSHANK MAIDEN FILLIES STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,832: 5Q (14) 

. B Thomson 3 
— J Reid 13 

— 14 


Mar 22. 

2.15 CAPITAL CARD HANDICAP (£2^00: 1m) (15) 

201 234304- QUIET RIOT (D) (R AtojK) R Amt^oi^ 4-610 

2D2 10/0- KALKOUR I 

203 0014*0 RAN* PRATAPf 

204 041034- CORN STREET ( 

205 30/0101- THE HOWARD ( 

|M JHaynss 
| (Mra G Thombwiy) 
l) J Bostay 866 

W Carson 4 

. BTItomsoa 15 

6 Lewis 667 PWMdranB 

Pat Eddery 14 

Matthews 4-9-3 NIteyS 

4 01 













BASTUJA (M Patera) 

StBtetMra) M Usher 611 
) D Artutnrax 611 

BETTA WW (P MurtocW J Bndger 611.. 
TALK (H O'NeiR H QNefl I 



FOWL PLAY (Lord Matthews) I Matthews 611 .... 
JOtWKBNA (Ffl) (Lord Tawstockiw Janrts 611 . 
MY tMAGMATiON (Rdduaie LM) F Keleway 6 1 1 
DOT PET (Mrs M Hogan) R Hannon 611 

. N Day 8 

. B Home 2 
,P Cook 5 

SCanter 11 



SAUCER (E JonasfEesiboranefl W Brooks 611 
SHADES OF WOiT (P Nuree) J Writer 611 

M L Thomas 12 
— AMcQoneS 
R Fmt 1 

m.TMG YARD (Ruth Lady HaStax) R Sheathar 611 

Pat Eddery 10 
. RCocnranaB 


11-4 Ora Pet 61 Shades ol Night. 7-2 TBmg Yam. 61 Royal Rabble. 


207 4104/ CLASSIC CAPISTRANO (Mrs M McGovern) G Gracey 4-61 M Wgtnm 2 

203 402406 ALQfRM (USA) (R Miquel} C Benstead 460 Bfaml 

209 03003-3 HiSBJS1(m(n RK«anls)C Bmain 4-612 GButorS 

.TUNE RM iG Ward) D Arbuhna 4-612 (71b ex| J Raid 11 

210 000861 FORMAT 

01000-0 MERRY 


WardJD Aituhnn 4-612 (7R> ex). 
R Tennant) R Hannon 5-610 

(0) U Aloon) A Madwar 4-610 
00004-0 KAMPGLOWU Bush) D Thom 4-69 
(Mis V McJG 

215 002022- KAZAROW (Ins V McKnney) H Cotengratge 6 

216 300000/ •flIUAMS (G ShoemarX) A Tinnefl 688 ____ 

_ S Caathen ID 

R Mors* 7 

R Fox 13 

— GBtatfcay 3 
R Wamban 12 

3.45 MIDDLESEX HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,502; 1m) (9) 

124036 GORGEOUS ALGERNON (W Gradby) C Bnttain 67 

320402- BELOW ZERO (T Ramsdsn) A Ete4ey B-6 

44031- FARAQ (USA) ( Narvtan AMaktounO P Watewn 65 — 

00006 GIVMG fr ALL AWAY (R Dalny) H Beasley 63 

0011- BAKERS DOUGH (P Vycaa) G Lewis 62 

0006 BRENT MVERSKt (S Mason) G Baking 61 

006 CEROC (Mrs C Haato) J BeoiaO 7-12 

100-30 FUsWar. 61 Formatune, 11-2 Corn Street, 7-1 Rana Pratap, 61 Atquirm, 
161 Kazarow. 











. R Cochrane 2 
Paul Eddery 7 
. D McKay 6 

00006 HOORAY HAMH.T0N (Handton UndarwrXsig ) Pat MHchall 7-10_ 
000406 QtflCKEH THE BID (C Buckle), J Wooer 7-9 . 

P Waldron 4 
- — 1 


. RFdx5 

RNttt CJUIET RKJT (7-ffl 4th beaten 3KI to »aney (?-7) 7. ran. York 1m H'cap good to 
soft Oct 10. KALKOUR (9-0] lift ol 12 to Chance Ira MOon (963) 12 raa York im if 

5-2 Bakers Dough, 100-30 Farag. 61 Gorgeous Algernon. 11-2 Below Zero, 161 
Quicken The BU. 12-1 others. 




* CASE NOS 83-0401 9H2-5 

' through 83-04022-H3-5 

* CASE NOS. 8545481 -H3-5 

* through 85Q5483-H65 


I h'cap good to soft May l4Mffwwonn good mdfl al Sandown 1984. THE HOWARD! 
iwonatromScaulsmtttake|61u)Bran. Carlisle Imhcac “ 
iff) RANA PRATAP (64 

SO«4 STREET (6» 40 

1 101 2D ran. Doncaster Im h'cap soft nov 9. FORMATUNE (64) won nh trom i 

B ranT Carlisle Im h'cap firm Jiiy 3. FUSILER(7-1C 
Battery (64) win RANA PRATAP (64)) 8th beaten war H, 25 rar 

4.15 RUTH WOOD MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £1,643: Im At) (S) 

: 3rd beaten 3Mo K- 

, ran. Doncaster Im h'cap good Mar 21. 


2.45 ROSEBERY HANDICAP (£7,726: Im 2f) (15) 









i Investments Ltd) G Lawns 9-0 

HUBBARDS LODGE (BFIritoUvata Lid] P Keleway 60 

LONGGHURSTU Terry) d Homan 60 Par 

MARKEUUS (l£& E Tiffy) M JHaynes 60 W 

- P Waldron 3 
N Howe 8 
P Cook 7 


006 GROVE TOWER Mrs R Saura-Chacon) R NchoBs 60 

006 MA RKBLMIS (Miss E Tufly) M JHaynes 
06 OUAHTERHASH (C Cyrer) M Usher 9-0 

68 TARGET 8tGHTB)aSA)(MtsaK Johnson] CRNetson 60 J Reid 1 

PARTS IS PARTS (USA) (G Hostels) R J WtRarns 611 __ R Cochrane 2 

Par Eddery 5 
■“ Canon 4 
A McGlotw 6 

301 11/140 TKATS Y04JR LOT (CJ (M Dor^^a ite ye 4-160 






GAY CAPTAIN (J Gabanonl) 

ALL FAR (5 Dhtsmora) P Hastam 5-62 
000006 ABU KAORA (B)(P Green) WUissan 6 






1. On Maitfi 17. 1908 the above referenced Debtors 
Debtors”) filed wWi this Court a Motion For Appro*) 
Ag reement with Texas Air Co pra Ho n Rotating to trier Re- 
demption at the 7-1/2% Convertible Suborte n eted Debentures 
Due 1993 of Tsxss MemMionel AHnes finance N.V. (the 

2. A hearing on toe Motion wN taka place before the United 
States Bankruptcy Caul lor fha Southern Dtstnct of Texas. 
Houston Division on April 6 1988 at 9.30 am. The hearing wfl 
taka place before the Honorable T. Gtover Roberts, UnMnd 
States Bankruptcy Judge. 71h Ftaar Untod States Courthouse, 
515 Rusk Avenue. Houston. Texas 77002. 

3. Any person objecting to the entry of an order 
retof requested in the Motion must ma* 
the Baraouptcy Cterfc, Unbed Sues Ban 
Rusk Avenue. Houston. Texas 77002 an or 
on Monday. April 7, 1986. 

4. A copy of the Motion, with a copy of the Redemption 
Agreement attached as an extant thereto, can to obtained by 
mntacteu corawai tor the Debtors. Mr Lenard M. Parians and 
Mr JOhn F. Higgins. SMrMO. Matey 8 Kay. 3700 first Ctty 
Tower, Houston, Texas 77002, (otophone nrapber (713) 656 

5. Counsel lor the Debtors is ffirectod to defiver. tv courier, 
copies of the Motion to afl persons reque sti ng copies thereof. 

6. Copies of any afaiectoa to fheMotton must be peraoraly 
sravad on counsel tor the Debtors, Mr Lawd NL Panans at the 




to" itefl wttn ihe Qerk ot tns Battitruptcy Cdul 
IT IS SO ORDERED. Itts van day Of unto. 1986. 


JS1 T. Gtowr Roberta 


306 010064) GUNDREDA 

307 410116 NCTUS 

309 00060 KeHTUC 

310 130206 KARLEYROOFUS 

311 310063 BOOH PATROL (0)| 

312 404260 J01X3 GK-(Mrs M 

313 23/104- SHOSTAKOVTTCH 

314 221164 XHAI (D)(M 7 

| (Mrs B Date?) M Pipe 468 
Bftey Roof TBa Co Ud) M J " 
i PntcherdConton) G 

)M Ryan 4-8-2 

_ . : St (jeorga) D Bsworth 5-61 
[M Tompkins 4-60 

3T7 034/263 WE*LLMEET J 
318 213364 DUELLMG | 

ID Thom 67-11. 

4-66 P Cook 4 
4-8-2 _ W Rran 13 
Pint E«l*cy 6 
, AMcGtarraS 
R Morse 1 

64 Hubbards Lodge. 7-2 Grow Tower, 61 Dadpie. 11-2 Longghrast 

4.45 PADDOCK HANDICAP (£2,427: 5f) (11) 

M021-0 CHAPLINS CLUB (USAMD) (P Savri) 0 W Chapman 6160.. D McboCaO 

P Cwtol 6160 P Cook 4 

M Tompkins 

69-5 R Cochrane 2 

JR Bosley 665 G Baxter 3 

' W Wharton 4-62- — 8 

412160 BROADWATER 1 


C Benstead 67-7 _ SDmoa(3)10 
‘ P Mtcriefl 67-7 — HAdaras2 


61 Xhai. 62 Boom Patrol. 61 Gundreda. 13-2 WBH Meet Agate. 61 Nebrte. 161 


7 22003-1 WtiX GEORGE ffl) (RS 

8 401006 MEESON UNG (D) (J WfeoxJ B 
B 214006 CROIRreOUAf r “- 

10 110216 DAVKL p) (CBIactaraflJ Winter 

it 000262 spacekUkerboy;' 

15 00)0060 MtLTRlAMS LASS (G Dawes) G 
7-2 WH 

CHornan 7-9-2 f7S) ex] 
I Mabteon 5-60 

PBJEddory 6 
SCaottien 7 
Lid) G Lewis 38-12. P Waldron 11 
11 B Ranee 1 

4-7-7 . 

N Rom 5 

. N Adonis 10 

4-1 Spocemaker Boy. 5-1 Hflton Brown. 132 Maeson Kmg. 7-1 

Todays course 

TRAMSIS: G Pritcher6Gordon. 9 wins 
trom 55 runners. 18.4%: J Winter 7 from 
48. 162%: R Smyth. 5 from 46, 13.0%. 
JOCKEYS: S Cauthen. 25 wans from 115 
rates. 21.7%; G Sterfrey, 21 from 102. 
20.6%; WR Swmbum. 1 9 trom 95. 20.0%. 


TRAINERS: B Honbray. 7 from 53. 13Z%: 
'. 9 from 77. 1 f .7%; S G Norton, 7 

J _ 
from 76. 9.2%. 

JOCKEYS.' T has. 15 trom 71 . 21 .1%: Paul 
Eddery. 7 from 45. 15.6%; M Birch. 21 
tram 175, 12.0% 


TRAWERS J Sutcldfe. 8 from 25. 320%; 
C Tinnier. 5 tram 21 . 2X6%: B McMahon. 
ID from 69. 145%. 

JOCKEYS W B Suten. 19 (ram 112. 
17.0%: G DuflwVJ, 22 from 151. 14.0%; S 
WMworth. 0 from 44, 135%. 


TRAINERS; P Hasten, 9 from 59, 155%; i 
Balding, 7 from 61, 11 5%; G Lewie. 5from 

JOCKEYS: S WHtworth. ID from 84. 
155%: G Duffiotd. 11 from 77. 145%: P 
Co ok. 12 from 85. 14.1%. 

More racing, 
pages 28 and 29 


CHASE (£1.433: 2m) (6) 

Gosig: good to soft 

(£1 ,40ft 2m 80yd) (10 runners) 

3 /FOO TUTMLL BOND PBANngham 611-8 — 

10 0022 CHARUE POOLE AG Bteckotora 61613 — 

14 1324 ABtLAMUJRJanldns 4-1610 — 

15 0043 NERO WOlf RTJucket 6167 — 

17 6P0 GATEWAY CHRL R Champion 6166 _____ PCaua 

IBflPOF FOfTTUEFMDERRWrintop 4-105 Jl 

1 1P-F CASTLES-M-THE-An (Cl D 0 Lyles 

1612-4 MrDLytes (7) 

2 OFto DBUBEANZlRMarai 611-8 — 

3 PPOO LEXADORJM Tumor 611-fi Mr D Tamar 

4 02-3 MAmiMEAU Mrs A VDsr 7-11-8 Mr S Cowet (7) 

8 006 RBI FLAME EMaggs 611-8. 

! PALMBtSfs F Gray 11-11-3. 

10 F06 floras: I 

6-4 Mailineau, 61 Ceattes^n-The-Air. 62 Ftome Palmer. 

21 00U- W&.T0N BEACON JL Hams 16161 

23 00/0 BYROC BOY RCraliS 6160 

24 toff ROYAL FEATURE to) Mis E Andrews 610-0- 

26 0022 LMttoELD LADY flto)WTKamp 4-160 

IM Ltegfiold Ledy. 11-4 Chorfio Poole. 7-2 AMutira. 162 

Wlton Beacon. 161 Tutttii Bond. 

Fakenham selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Airlanka. 2.50 Swarm. 3.25 Dhofar. 
Martineau. 4.35 Living Fire. 5.10 Simark. 


HUNTER CHASE (El .443; 3m) (6) 

12*41- ABLE 3AAQR (D) J F Doan 6164 

3 /221- SWARM fC-U) J M Turner 612UI 

5 P/3- GBCRAL MM OV-Jorae 611-12- 

6 OWL 40SM0U. R G WBun 61612. 


HANDICAP HURDLE (£1,499: 2m 80yds) (7) 

3 610 LIVING TOE Mrs MDipignsan 7-11-10 -JDOevtes (7) 

4 0010 MBmOH MONARCH R Steamer 611-7 

Mr 5 Cowley (7) 

9 P-44 fitlNCE ROWAN (D) B U-Wason 1611-12 ~ 

10 IBM PRVDB.RChanpton 611-12 Mra J Carrier (4) 

S 0040 RAMBLMG WAD PW Hems 611-4 SSkymel 

7 20P1 NORTHERN HOPE (FR)(C-0) P A Keleway 

4-1 1-3 J Batten* 

10 3343 APSTICOTJ RJenwns 4-167- 

7-4 Swarm. 11-4 Abto Bailor, 4-1 Prince Rowan. 7-1 Prydel. 
161 General Rate. 

11 Dots HANDY'S BROTHER J L Hams 4-160—.. 

(1,590: 2m 80yds) (6) 

1 4231 DHOFAR (C-D) G A P-Gordon 6164. 

5 2301 m WOODCOCK (60) G KMersMy 5-1610 

62 Living fire. 61 Northern Hope. 62 Asticot 61 Menton 

Monarch. 61 Rambling WM. 

2m 5f 110yds) (6) 

2 P-00 SHADY DEAL Q A HuttottU 1611-10 

a 3004 SUNT ECHO JC) A GBtedonora 11-11-8 

4 4012 PRWCE CAULTOII (60) Mrs J BtMTO 

6160 R Ftewjr (7) 

IM Dhofar. 62 Rix Woodcock, 4-1 RockYl 6* 7-1 Hn 
Boy, 12-1 Mfrurie-Bugg. 

6 WOO THE DIPLOMAT (C) W T Kmq) 610-2. 

11-11-1 MtesOSsntera 

7 0300 JOATRWHanop 16160 

8 1FF3 SHARK (60) R Champion 7-1M 

64 Stetaric, 11-4 Prince Carlton. « Joat 1 1-2 Shady Deal. 






Newcomer Tisn’t 
powers into 
Derby picture 


Going: soft 

Draw: 5f-6f, high numbers best 


6f] (10 runners) 


3 000- BELVELBTYJP Rohan 

Paul Cole sent out his first 
winner from his new stable 
complex at Whaicombe when 
the newcomer. Tisn't. landed 
the Bonusprint Easier Slakes by 
half a length from the fevourite. 
Hello Entani. 

Tisn’t. a grey coh by the ill- 
feted Derby winner Shergar. got 
the better of a last-furlong 
struggle with Hello Emani, after 
his more experienced stable 
companion Fouz. had weakened 
into third place after taking up 
the running two furlongs out. 
ironically. Fouz was the choice 
of Richard Quinn. Cole's stable 

jockey. The mount on Tisn't 
went to Philip Waldron. 

Tisn't is generally quoted at 
around 33-1 for the Epsom 
Derby which will now be the 
colt's main target- Waldron said: 
**He didn't like the ground and 

chance; Milton Bum. expertly 
handled in ihe soft ground by 
Steve Dawson. The 6-4 
favourite. Meadowbrook. sec- 
ond to Withy Bank at Doncaster 
last week led until Accuracy 
took over inside the final fur- 
long. but Dawson forced Milton 
Bum through a gap between 
Accuracy and Meadowbrook 
The Kempton stewards 
quickly sent for Hugh O'Neill, 
the trainer, to explain the 
improvement in form by his 
first winner of the season. He 
sai± "I told them that Milton 
Bum had run too freely at 
Doncaster last week, whereas 
today he was held up for a late 
challenge. This was accepted.” 


8 32*0 

9 8 

id ooo- 

11 ooo- 

12 30- 

15 MO- 

16 08 

9-4 VafaBan. S-2 Ken SkMaA 4-1 Touch Me Not. 


C Dwyer 4 

S Whitworth 2 





M Wood 8 

Nottingham selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Vaiglian. 2.45 Gods Solution. 3.15 Ceglio- 
stro. 3.45 Northern Melody. 4.15 Cresta Auction. 

4.45 Cameades. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.50 Luigi's Star. 2.45 Reveille. 3.15 Cagliostro. 

3.45 Flying Flynn. 4. 1 5 Cresta Auction. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 4.45 CARNEADES 

would appreciate a longer trip." 
■ John Winter, the Newmarket 

trainer, who had been ill for six 
weeks, is now recovered and was 
in winning form for the first 
time this season with Stately 
Lass in the Bonusprint Masaka 

Winter said: ** Stately Lass is a 
nice filly, but she's just missed 
the top class. She will probably 
get further than this seven 
furlongs, but is not entered in 
the classics. 

Backers had a disastrous start 
to the afternoon when the 
Queen's Prize went to the 33-1 

2-45 BROXTOWE HANDICAP (£1,744: 6f) (11) 

1 Ott- SUDDEN NPACT (C-0) K Brassey 

4-8-1 0S Whitworth C 

2 00- REVBLLE (D) M Jarvis 4-9-9 Th*s5 

3 00-1 GODS SOLUTION (D) T Barn* 5-9-8 p> ex) 

BMeGMf (7)10 

401-flFOOUSH TOUCHGQ (D| K Slone 4-9-6 C Dwyer 3 

11 084 COOL ENOUGH (feMfsJRamsdan 5-9-1- RCaiiar(S)2 

12 000- HOLT ROW M McCormack 58-12 WRSwM»m9 

13 204 SWGLE HAND (C-0)D Chafman 

6-8-1 ISP Griffiths (5)1 

14 000- HOPEFUL KATES) (D) D LesSe 4-8-10 — J WHems 4 

15 41-0 SEW HXjH (D) BM cMahon 3-M DMdKaownil 

18 000- STEVEJAN B Moran 4-7-9 G CurtwRJB 

19 004- WESBREE MV NDycroft 4-7-9 -—7 

100-30 Cool Enough. 4-1 Grids Solution. 5-1 Single Hind. 
6-1 Sew High. 8-1 HoflRow. Sudden Impact. 

3.15 CLUMBER STAKES (3-Y-O: (£959: 1m 2f) (7) 

Of R Swtnbm 7 

Philip Waldron: Kempton 
victory on Tisn’t 

_ GDuffietol 

II Three 5 

N Canon (7)2 

S Whitworth 3 

114 Dusty Diplomacy. 7-2 Check Reaction. 



Going: good to soft 
Draw: no advantage 

Going: soft 

JL0 JESMOND STAKES (2-Y-O: £1,789: 5f) (6 runners) 

1 11 BLUEMEDE (D) (P AmtegngjM Britten 9-7 

3 0 BOY SINGER (G Stead] K Stone 8-1 1 OBrwmfflS 

-■ ssn==swsm 1 

J JJ1MWJJSJ Staitoy Ltffi MJjasttfby 8-1 1 “m^6 

“ RWte3 

3 yguimiNi . 

6 REVOLVER VIDEO (T Pansh) J Berry 88 J*5»5 

7 TOOTSIE JAY (D Perkins) PJ FeMen 88 — H ™* 3 

1-2 Biuemece. 4-1 J J Jimmy. 6-1 Gate Tmes. 14-1 Revolver Video. 16-1 Boy 

. Singer. 20-1 Tootsie Jay. 

Z30 MELDON MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £1,177: 1m) (md) (5) 

Gotemanl Denys South 50 M Bhrii 4 

Oh) S Norton 9-0 — ■ JLowt 

2 0000- 
4 000- 


7 304222- SPROWSTON BOY . 

2m) (11 runners) 

1 1000 FOR A LARK D A Wfeon 11-7 DMmphy(4) 

3 3100 HTCKUNG SQUHES(B) W Wharton 11-7 — 

9 04 CORAL HARBOUR G PrttchariFGordcn 11-0 VMcKevHt 

16 FOLK FOR UNCLE I Campbell 1-0 RCampfaeB 

17 0 GANAROD Rawer 11-0 SMcNefl 

19 0 LLOYDS G8TO Sherwood 11-0 R Strong* 

21 ORARION C Tnrfrw 11-0 ASftnpe 

25 003 RUSTY LAW MC Banks 11-0 GMcCourt 

29 4020 STANWOOD BOY W Musoon 11-0 I* Bastard 

37 0 HARDWICK LADY M Hwchkhe 10-9 MRtoharda 

38 0433 LADY WOODPECKH1 (BF) M Ryan 10-9 .. TGfeson(7) 
94 Starwood Boy. 3-1 Lady Woodpecker. 4-1 Coral 

Harbour. 6-1 Uoyda Grfl. 8-1 For A Lark. 10-1 Kicking Squat). 

Horete Ltd) K Slone 90 . 

7 304222- SPROWSTON BOY (G VWnbng) P Keteway M ____ -Gay KeSermyg) 3 
9 30- WESHAAM (USA) (MaktouniAJMaklDuni) 8 Hartbury SO RlfltoS 

S KetgMtoy 2 

. Gay Kaflewey (5) 3 

54 wesnaam.a 2-1 Sprtnvston Boy, 5-1 OuaMair King. 7-1 Noble Saxon. 12-1 
Dawson Thoms. 

Huntingdon selections 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

2-0 Blucmede. 2.30 Weshaam. 3.0 Well Rigged. 3.30 Ivoroski. 4.0 
Cumbrian Dancer. 4.30 Hoist The Axe. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Tootsie Jay. 2"30 Weshaam. 3.0 Virgin Isle. 4.30 Hoist The Axe. 
Michael Seely's selection: Veifcarium. 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Starwood Boy. 2.30 Mr Mouse. 3.0 Do or 
Die. 3J0 Back in Action. 4.0 I Got Stung. 4.30 
Poacher’s Gem. 

2.30 STILTON NOVICE CHASE (£1 .570: 2m 4f) (13) 

1 3004 REMINGTON W Purnn 7-11-7 M Bastard 

4 -120 MR MOUSE N Gawtfee 7-11-7 VMcKawtt 


7-1 1-7 Mr J Pritchard 

10 -030 DANCMGSOYEREK»(B)MrSJ Pitman 

7-11-0 GMcCourt 

12 4001 FRBICH CAPTAM Lady Hamas 10-11-0.- 

13 4040 JOtM WHXBURN W Wharton 7-11-0 

17 3004 REPENT (BF) B Curley 6-11-0 

18 P33- RJGTON BEAU 6 Kiiioarstey 

9-1 1-0 Mr T Thomson Jonea 

3.0 NEWCASTLE CENTENARY HANDICAP g4,401=1m) (md) (6) _ g g HHIWBnfiiaGBiriteBB 

2 213000- TRY TD STOP ffi (D) (A WBanson) Denys Smrth 5-9-7 MRy3 

4 130340 VIRGIN ISLE p) IT Bis) P Hetem 592 .Rtt 8 

5 31321-2 WB-L RIGGED (D^F) (Mrs J Mountrfwkl) M H Eastarby 5-9-t — M Birch 4 

8 142102- TUTBURY (G Atwlead) W Wharton 4-83 NCeiWel 

9 000-010 EMERALD EAGLE (0) (A Lyons) C Booth 5-8-0 A Sboutta (5) 5 

11 410312 VBTOAHIUM (USAJtOO) (Mrs J Ramadan) Mrs J Ramadan 6-7-10 

J Orton (7) 2 

' “ Evens Weil Rigged. 7-2 Veraberium.81 Tuttxiry, 8-1 Emerald Eagle. 10-lTYy To 
Stop Me. 14-1 Virgin l&le. 

32 4PF4 MY NAME IS NOBODY J Young 8-108 R Strong# 

35UR4P SILVER DESIGN K Whin 8104 G Evans (7) 

39 000 DOVERBGE SCale 5-108 SMcNe M 

114 French Captain. 7-2 Mr Mouse. 9-2 Repent, 6-1 
Woodlands Generator, 8-1 Dancing Soverekpi. 


3J0 FOREST HALL HANDICAP (£2,131: 1m 41 60yd) (12) 

1 041104- LEON (FiJ Ode) N Tinkler 48-10 IGm Tinkler (7)6 

3 144400- IVOROSM IP & I Oaring) Denys Sorth 4-9-2 JLowe7 

4 430010- HIGHAM C*EY(C-m(W Chapman) DOsmmen 108-1 — — • 

5 0713211- HOLLY BUOY (R Wood) MrsG flavatoy 688 _EG«M(3)4 

6 03000-0 POKEY IM W Easterby) M W Eastortw 48-13 MHindtoyflllO 

7 20230-0 MASTER CARL (P Sava) Mrs G Ramey 7-8-12— DU*»iter(5)3 

8 020001/ DESCARTESffl)(M WEastniby) MW Eastwby 48-11 KHodason5 

Going: heavy 


(E2.793: 3m 2f) (10 ronners) 

(WSprtngenjJ Howlands 488 

4048 TAKE A CARD (Mrs J Ramsden) Mrs JRsnwden 7-88 — AStmrits(S)1 

13298 RIBBONS OF BLUE (H Wtation) M Naughnn 688 —11 

3/004 SKI RUN iP W^nam) P VWgham 11-7-12. J Lows 9 

4200- THARALEOS (USA) tR Watcnman) F Watson 6-7-12 — 2 

8-1 Leon. 7-2 Holly Buoy. 4-1 Higham Grey. 6-1 RMnns Of Blue. 8-1 Prikay. 10-1 
Ski Run. 

44 NORTHERN HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,861: 71) (7) 

1 3101- DANCING TOM (J Turney) TFnrtwrst 9-7 —2 

2 10- GOOSE HILL (CJIrtppodramoRanng)MWEasterby 94 — KHodgaonS 

3 030010- IMPROVISE (D| (P Habafl Ron Thompson 6-13 —4 

4 000212- CUMBRIAN DANCER (Cumbnan Indusmalai M H Eastvby B-10_ MBkch6 

6 00980 BRADBURY HALL (MWatierson Ltd) K Stone 8-7 LChmocfcS 

7 210404 UPTOWN RANDB^lG Dawes) GM Moam 88 — 1 

9 032009- RO ISLAND (JTsongJJ Berry 8-2 — 7 

5-2 Cumbrian Dancer. 3-1 Goose Hll. 5-1 K O Island. B-l Uptown Randb's. 10-1 
Improvise, 14-1 Dancing Tom. 

3 3F3F GALES8URG(B) N Gaseiee 7-118 D Browne 

4 2142 QOLLA WAY (BF) D Gandalfo 7-11-5 — 

5 00P1 HESTER J Old 6-1 18 — 

8 0001 ROAD TO MANDALAYIBJD Barons 9-118 -PMchota 

14 0F00 GREY COTE (NS R Froat 6-1 1-1 JFroM 

16 P/4U LANACREBRDGEP Hobbs 9-11-1 — 

17 1/PP LANCE PRIVATE R Pocock 8-1 1-1 PRMtafdi 

19 2830 PRMCEBUSXINSF Gorman 11-1 1-1 — 

21 PQ2F THE J0KTANP Haynes 7-11-1 AMadgwtok 

24 UV CULM VALLEY C Down 10-10-10 INC Down (<) 

3-1 MeKter. 7-2 Road To Mandalay. 4-1 GioBa Why. 8-1 
Galesburg, 8-1 The Joestan, 10-1 Pnnoe Buskins. 

Newton Abbot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Galesburg 2.50 Harry’s Doable. 3.25 Fire 
Drill. 4.0 Sword Play. 4.35 Exhalled Dawn. 5.10 
Gold Tycoon. 

4.30 KJLUNGWORTH MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: El, 103: 71) (6) 

0 BOLD SEA ROVER (U Col R wanton) M H Eastertty 98 MBhch4 

09- COLWAY RADIAL (CcvwBy Tyres Ud) Denys Smrth 9-0 M Fry 1 

000- MR COFFEY (Mrs B Stead) 5 Norton 98 J Lowe 2 

150yd) (6) 

2 0210 HAWTTS DOUBLED Sherwood 6-1 1-7 _ S Sherwood 

4 0009- MR COFFEY (Mrs B Stead) S Norton 98 J Lowe 2 

5 00- RAVELSTON (F May) C Booth 98 R«8s6 

8 2 HOIST THE AXE (USA) (T WtMney) B Hsmbury 8-11 A Goman (7) 5 

9 00- JS/NIFER BROWt®« | BBswonhJT Barron 6-11 E Guest (3) 3 

10-11 Holst 1)10 Axe. 4-1 BoH Sea Rover. 5-1 Co/way Raffiad. 8-1 Mr Coffey, 10-1 

Raveiston. 14-1 Jenrafer Browrang. 

IB 00 GARA ROCK MOD Barons 5-1 18. 
27 0- WELL -WALLER n Frost 7-118 

29 D-PP OCVITWOWG Turner 6-189. 

30 PFF F1.YMG FREE I Wards 8189- 
33 OOP HBJSSA GOLD J Ok) 5-198 — 

J Fnwt 

Tracy Tomer (7) 

1-2 Harry's Double. 4-1 Gam Rock. 81 WeS-DrOer, i8t 
Meiasa Gold. 14-1 Flying Free, 281 Cbovttina 

Saturday’s results 

Kempton Park 

145 1. Mtton Bum | 
(15-2). 3. Meadowbroo 
2.15 1. Stately Lns 

Hfc 2. Accuracy 
(64 fart. 15 ran. 
(82). 1 Hidden 

(118 tavr. 3. Royal Casfew (14-1). 5 ran. 
NR: Rostra. 

Brief (158 fav); 3. Measuring (81) 5 ran. 
2.45 1. Ttort (81); 2. Hein Emani (2-1 

345 1. Grundy Lane (5-2 fav); 2, Bold 
Monk (181): 3. Bassim (5-1). 16 ran. 

4.15 1. No Pardon (13-2); 2. Two 

fay): 3. Fouz (81 j. 9 ran. 

3.15 1. PmuR/rii (81); 2. Mark 
Angelo (7-21: 3. Wlndmede (58 fav). 6 raa 
145 1. Lott (14-1); 2. SrizcarraWo 
(181):3, West Carracfc (181). The H*co» 

Coppers (5-1 1 a Brwrflwath (138). 
Dane, RoB-A-Joint 4-1 jl-favs. 9 ran. NR: 

Highland Drake. 
1.45 i. Avera 

Avereo (281k 2, Panto Prince 

(7-4 fav), a Monty Steel (181). 14 ran. 
NR: Wedding Talk. Isom Dart. 


(£3.121: 2m 5f) (7) 

3 43F0 FKtE DRILL (C-O) K Bishop 11-11-7 — — PRkteds 

4 1P-F NORO WNDER D Bsworth 811-4 $ Sherwood 

5 U100 ATATAHO J Rooens 181810 P Wchms 

8 1012 A BOY NAICO SfOUX (C-D)TR Stevens 

8198 PWp Hobbs 

9 -POP ALMGHTYZB)S(inR Hodges 81 80 S Earle (4) 

11 30F4 THORNTON S May 7-108 — S McDonald (7) 

12 4840 MAGGIE DOER Frost 8198 J Frost 

2-1 Nord Hinder. 109-30 A Boy Named Sioux, 81 Fire DrtL 

81 Awano. 181 Thornton. 12-1 Maggie Dee. 

1(11-4 lev). 13 ran. 
15 1. Swifl Traope 

iwffl Trooper (4-1): 2. Straight 
1-2): 3. Are You GuBty (81). 
-2 fav). 8 raa NR: Pltprop. 


Haydock Park 

2J3Q 1. Mount Feddane (12-1): 2. Morey 
Less (98): a Brahms And Liszt (281). 
GaHteo (13-8 fav). 13 ran. 


1 J0 1. Naive Charm (2-1 fav). Z Clown 
Straakarri-2): 3, Take Effect (81). 13 ran. 

Z® 1 . Sfek (5-3 fav); Z Denberdar (181 ): 
1 Taykxirade Boy (5-1) 4 ran. 

230 1. Amongst The Stare (9-1) Z 
Sovereign Lore (100-30) 3. Supreme 
Kingdom (14-1) Planet Ash 138 fav. 8 

- ZD I.WHhy Bank (5-6fav)Z Auto Lang 
Syne (9-2) 3. Red Duster (81). 9 ran. 
aJ0 1 , Pfvner (82 lav)- z Litae Anrrier 

38 1. CoMharboor Lad (182) Z 
Unqfieto Lady (7-2 IMav) a Song For 
ClmsJle (7-2 A-fav) Centaur Song 7-2 jt- 
la r rt raiv^ 12 1 . Z Kinghalm 

ranfklR: Royal 

48 1. French Captain (11-2: Z 

Going: heavy <7.45 inspection) 

96yd) (20 runners) 

AmnSoh (81 Jt-tav) 3. Cocaine (81 jt- 
favt. 13 ran. NfL WMmuth Bay. 

480 1. Brown Vria (7-1 1 2, Southdown 

(81) 3. Rapid Star (181). 10 ran. 

48 1, COW'S Gift (9-1); 2, Rosthome (8 

480 1. Brown Vria (7-1 1 2, Southdown 
Sant (7-1); 3, King Ba Be (9-2). Major Tom 
(7-2 tevj. 11 raa 

i) 3. Vintage Too (8u Tressider (114 
lav]. 6 raa 

( raa 

68 1. Inherit (i-2 ffiv) Z Be Patient 
Always ^82); 3, Courageout Charger 

3 400 VOYANT R A Parkins 7-1 18 — 

7 081 SHOBUENDB) (qPRRodterd 8118 (7ex) C Gray 

8 2040 MAiraiD LAD R Hawker 811 -4 DWEam 

12 0030 lUNSBOURNE LAO M B Cornell 81 1-1 _ M Jenkins (7) 
13FUP0 ANGB. BANK J A Edwards 811-1 11 

15 im IMPERfUM JA0M9-118 — HrCUawefan 

16 3000 PRINCESS HECATE (C) P Davis 

1 1-1 18 Mbs T Davit (7) 

17 4440 LE SARTHOiS Mn S Davenport 8118 — 

18 8F4 CATHERINE BRIDGET A Forster 81812 RDumodv 

21 1P/B STRAIGHT IB* A R Ayiatt 181810 — 

22 Q/P0 MASTER ANDREW H Champnn 11-1810 Pater Hobbs 

24 2002 FOLKLAND D W Arbuthnot 5^0-7 JDtromi 

24 2002 FOLKLAND D W Arbuthnot ! 



25 130F ZIRCON’S SUN (C)DR Lamg 7-187— Mr SWo«fii{7) 

34 M 0 BOYNE SALMON M«sL Bower 810-1 — 

35 121 - BARRO N JUUUSJ A GIOVBr 8108^. Pile HcfOon (7) 

40 800 TOYCOBJ WBfll 1-180 R (towel 

41 180 WWSOfl BOND PDCuntW 8108^— — 

43 0/00 MENFORD KC Bafcy 11-108 CMmo 

45 P8P SYMPATKHE Mss E Snoyd 8198 Lome Vincent 

47 0004 LAST OF THE FOXES N Twston-Davias 13-108 

4-1 Falkland. 9-2 Shaemender. 81 Malford Lad. 

145 t. So soph (2-1); Z Holst The Axe 
(82) 3. Keep Cod (7-4 favj. 5 ran. 

Z1B 1. Cbevet Lady (182) 2. Beau 
hrage (7-1); Z Laugh A Lot (181). Red 

2.15 1. States* (2-1 lavt Z CHver 
Antnony (81): 3.Tom Brock (10-1). 10 raa 

a (7-1); 3. Laugh A Lot (181). Red 
7-4 fav). 10 ran. 

i 1, BaUki bright (Evens fav) 2, 

Baton Boy (4-t) 3. Sheflman (82). 4 ran. 
3.15 1, Parade Giri (81 (t-tev) Z 

NR: Laid. Jupiter’s Gem. 

Z45 1 . Taxodam (181) Z Wen Secret 
(6-1 y, 3, Extrude (12-1). Wrekm Lad 4-1 
fav. 13 ran. NR: Bcana. 

Mendlck Adventure (81 Jt-fav): 3. 

115 1 . Gainsay p-1 jt-tav); Z The Last 
Pnnce (2-1 (Mav); 3, Tar Krej^tt (81). 11 

VskXKtad (8-1). Top That Farmer Jock 8 
1 it-favs. 10 raa 

145 1, Paslmrina (181): 2, Moonee 
Pond (181) 3, Gate Times (81) Vichy 

Pond (181) 3, Gate 
vai 7-2 fav. 12 ran. 

3.45 1, Fair Bavarf (3-1 lav) ZCtoBfies 
Pet (12-Tj; 3. Write ThB Music (11-2) 4. 
Grace hil bekor (7-1). 19 ran. NR: 

Towcester selections 

4.15 1, Appearing (82 fav), z Try 
Scorer (9-2) 3, Kakooia Eve (7-1)12 raa 


4.15 1. Awada Beach (81) & Parang 
ni-iOtevfcSTocoanLifeiKKMO). iSran. 


SL151. Half Brother (4-9 fav) Z Ferrous 
(281) a, Queens Man Q81) I2ran. 

MS 1. Go Lnanm (9-2); 2, Of Thai Bk 
<12-1 fc 3. Ascot Agam (7-1). Keno M 2-1 
fav. firaa NR; Sean Be Friendly. 

Z15 t. Uttte F ren chman (ii-i) z 
Brother Geoffrey (il-s ffiv) 3. Skewsby 
(7-1). 12 ran. 

NR- Berlna. 

145 1. Reedy Token 
Bay (11-lj: 3. Cartel (2 
MWuon 4-5 fav. 16 ran. 

5.15 1. Swm Mem 
Jiroitsr's Gem (181) 3. 
(181). Tartan Triumph 3 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Folkland. 130 Autumn Zulu. 3.0 Spider's 
Well. 3.30 Mi Dad. 4.0 Cfeltic Slave. 4.30 Tribal 
Drum. 5.00 William Blake. 

33-1) Z Cruden 
-1). Chance Ins 

(18D: 2. 
m Border 


50yd) (18) 

81). Tartan Triumph 81 fav. 13 ran. 
5.45 1. Model Lady (81) & The Ku 
-2); 3. Ram Chaser (9-1 1. KMare Lady 

7 F022 AUTOMN ZIZU MBS L Bower 7-114__ 

!fav. 19 ran. NR: 

8 090 BOWDEN I M Duueon 811-4 ! 


— R Rowed 
-Peter Hobbs 

X4S i. Centre Attraction (81 jMav) 2. 
Pareto (581); 3. Easi Park (81) Gowan 
House 81 ft-fav. iSran. 

^151. Travel Home (12-1) 2. High Drop 

,445 1. Border Tinker (82) 2. Beaker 
(84 lav); 3. Thetattu (28 H 15 raa 

Nev/ton Abbot 

1 - Ote For rifemnoy CM) 2 Cool 
Sun (1811 fav); 3. Princely Hair (181) 16 

4 k mSACKK 1 Q S Bare «a »■ 
A&toJ Brt ° W *“ ^ ,3 n «.- Nft 
115 f ■ Akram (84) z BckJeigh Brt^ 


M 1 . Forster (81) 2. Been Mimed (8 
2 jt-lavt 3. Kamr (82 h-fav) c&ptaki 
Shadow 82 jt-fav. B raa 
2-30 1. Ro-OA-ftoi 181) 2, Atenerry (8 
1); 3. Alacazabe (181) Shakoa Crave 81 

34) 1 . Desert Fa* (82) 2. When In 
Rome (84); 3. Raffin' jack (811 lav) 6 

3J0 1, Mtoty FM (Evens fav) Z Ovster 
Pond (100-30). 4 ran (any 2 nmstedl 
4.0 1 . Edenspring (5-2 Jt-fav); 


81 1-4IBS3T WMriMr 

10 1330 DUNHAUOW BOY T Casey 811-4_._ FRriS 

It PPOO HRST QUADRANT (USA) H O'Neti 811-4_____J— - 
19 3FP TURKANA T Cany 81 1-4 

« S22 2^. 1 2«“WSeTAF0f«er81813 — 

26 FP9 SWAG JACKET Mas L Bower 81813 

2-1 Clear The Courea. 10830 Autumn Zulu. 81 Bowden 
£1,234: 3m 190yd) (8) 

4 0240 GENTLE APPROACH □ H Thompson 

9-1 2-XJ Thompson (71 

6 0-30 SPARTAN RAMBLER (C-OlRHutstw 


7 Ml SPCER'S WELL P Davies 1812-3 Mm T Davis (71 

9 442P THE SOMAC(B)E Savage 812-3 MraLCanoonM 

13 34-2 MLLMGOONBOYRHarvay1811-12MmJCl*wfcidm 
17 0FP3 NORTHERN MAN R Barts 811-12 R Beaks (7) 

19 U1- SPARTAN REGIME R A Pertens 11 -?iT27g Wr»M (7) 

20 FINE SPIRIT Mss B Lewis 181 1-7 — Has B Lewn (7j 

11-4 .Spider's. Wefl, 81 Spartan Rambler. 

3.45 COUNTY CLAWHNG STAKES (3-Y-O: £1^12: 
im 50 yd) (14) 

2 008 COLONE L HALL MreJRarsden 80 _ R Carter (5) 4 

4 00 FiRB’ROOFD Marks 80 — • 

5 MERRY ffiDGEflJSA) M Jarris 80 PHuttoo(7)3 

6 0 NORTHERN MEUWYm A Barin' 80_ PBIoomfWd l 

7 0 OSCAR 0E SOUSA P Heriam M __™-, ThulO 

9 028 SANDRONSO K Brassw 80 SWMtwcnhg 

212 308 WAT ABCWEP Rohan 80 . CD«g>7 

13 321-. FLYWG RYMiN CaMagha/t 811 GCaterfflll 

14 048 PAT’S .ESTER P Rohan 81T — M Wood 12 


1G 208 WSSHttLEOWNR Harmon 89 L Jones (5) 5 

17 008 OWS GEM P Rohan 87 — 1 


J Winn 2 

19 080 LARCHES Mftran 84, 


20 08 MBS 
11-4 Flying f 
Above. 81 Psfs 

1 . 81 Merry Ridge, 4-1 Sandron. 81 Way 

4.15 LITTLE JOHN EBF STAKES (3-Y-O: £2^71: 

1 1- PASTICCIO M Janas 86 -Thrael 

2 418 CRESTA AUCTON G PritchariVGocdon 





5 8 JOHN TUarM Haynes 80 SWMworti4 

7-4 Rhapsody In Black, 2-1 Pasticcio, 10830 Crests 

Auction, 81 Sortie - * Delight, 12-1 John TuSy. 

4.45 NOTTINGHAM HANDICAP (£1,446: Im 6f) 


6 008 WTUUIOIM Usher 48-7 J Cater (71 3 

7 480 HUNTERS Ft*® R Hotinshead 4-86 SPwda7 

8 148 LEPRECHAUN LADY S Norton 4-94 ^ JMmyJ7)1 
10 001- MSS BLACXTHOIM N Vtaora 482 _ W R terisham 6 

13 393 TMMMI0NK Stone 48-1 C Dwyer 5 

14 008 PATERNOSTER ROW(B) (D) D H Jones 

78-1 S WHaarth 11 

IB 03/0 NORTH STAR SAM Mrs JRamsdon 


19 081 CARNEADES^ MH Easterby 

881 1Qex)G Carter (BS 
23 008 BLUBMSM0anMreJRamsdan7-8^ M Wood 2 

25 408 BORB1AM DOWN N Bycroft 7-7-13 — 4 

26 02-3 HOT RULHt M Bnttaai 87-7 AMram(7)S 

64 Cameades. 4-1 Timnwrion, 11-2 Mbs B ta ddhom. 81 

Hunters Fen, 181 Hot Ririar. BbeteiSno. 

2m 200yd) (5) 

4 3123 JIMMY LORENZO P Hedger 4-11-7 M Richards 

5 WP0 RARE PLEASURE RCtoter 81 18 s_ GMcCourt 

9 0004 PREACIO'S SM K Bariey 7-108 — 

13 -000 DEEP TROUBLE F Winter 7-185 T Gibson (7) 

14 FP02 BNGHOLM QUAY Lady Harriet 8181... — 

15-6 Jimmy Lorenao, 11-4 IGn^tobn Quay, 7-2 Deep 

Trouble. 11-2 Preachers Gent 81 Rare Pleasure. 

HURDLE (£1.350: 2m 150yd) (16) 

7 0030 BLUESPAHKLEJ Old 811-7 PRfetafe 

8 0300 BOLD ACCLAIM H Frost 81 W =i£"* 

13 000 CUTTWG EDGE Blseec 811-7 

16 P D&AMBJT J HonwhaS 811-7 ft*****! 

23 OFO GBBUL OPTION B Venn 811-7 J thirst (7) 

24 -OOP GLAZ9TAAOAMO Carter 7-11 -J — — 

25 04 GLBKOMION J H Baker 8121-7 _i MrLHenray(7) 

29 POO- LAUGHTER LJ«S(W K BWWp 7-t1^7. 

39 0000 SEA RANGER C Roach 811-7 B Wright 

40 OOP- SHARP HUGE R Hodges 81 1-7 SEm*}Q 

42 P42 SWOHD RAY (NZ|P Haynes 81 1-7 AMadgwk* 

48 0-P0 WWBLEBALL J Payne 811-7 — 

60 PP GOCONTWBITALN Kemkk8l14L_ M YeoewoTO 

07 MR GARDENIA R Aoat811-2 CHopWOOdf7) 

68 P80 MOHT W AHBUBHW N Ayriffe 811 j MAjMIe 

75 000O STORMY KESTREL L Wanng 811-2 — 

13-fl Swart Play, 10830 Btoa Sparkle. 82 Boto Aodato* 
SELUNG HURDLE (£800: 2m 150yd) (13) 

1 FP00 CLEVEB ANGLE w BForeer 811-6 PRfchtede 


5 PO-P DASSm£J Fate 8114 SMay 

6 0P-P DON’T TELL ARTHWTO C Pqpham 8114 PMcboSa 

9 4000 GREY TORNADO TKeenqr 8114 — 

10 224- VIVRE POUR VIVRE (ITT) JH Baker 

6-1 1-4 Mr L Haney (7) 

22 0030 PRQMJPT1A BHU D WMto 

81 813 Sira O TsakraWrane 
24 0 BROAD WOOOTOMreJMtonnaoott 

4-1812 OWonaeaotim 

26 PP VIPBI OPS WGTtaner 4-1812 Tracy Tamar (7) 

27 POP BRUNT BAY OGRard 4487 — . — 

29 P CHJAR ROOM Mrs E Hex! 8187 — 

31 004 EXALTED DAWN R Frost 4-187 CHopweod{7) 

32 2000 RELAND GBIL Tie Grice 8187 BWtigM 

81 Battle Master. 81 Vtvre Pour Vnrre. 

HURDLE (£3,115: 2m 5f 110yd) (13) ■ 

1 430 GOLD TYCOON (C-D) J Spearing 7-180- SShteWd 

2 480 BANOELERO M Rpe 81M1 — 

6 2140 PROPOUND A JWBsan 811-1 — 

11 1000 KAMAQfC-tn DHoSy 811-0 CSaeted 

12 3PF2 SOLD QM(NZ)(C)D Barons 811-0 PMchoBs 

IB fOOO HARESCEUGHTON Gaseiee 81 84 ___ DBnwne 

20 -002 STARS AND SIwES R Frost 7-184 JFtosI 

21 0300 SUNSKME GAL tC-Q) P Bowden* 8183 _ R Dmkm(4) 

27 04F3 UR B Young 8180 — 

31 4000 GETTWG PLENTY (C) F Gorman 7-180 — 

322800 FLQATffltG LOVEH C W Mtchfll 7-180 — 

33 840 RRM CONVICTION Mrs J WonnacoO 

810-0 D Womcott (7) 

36 P4H BKPBIOfl NAPOLEON J Fate 8180 — 

7-4 Gold Tycoon, 81 Bandolero, 4-1 SoM Oak. ■ 



(£1,469: 2m) (11) 

4 OOUO MAUSTRANO TOT Casey 811-7 EBucJdey(7) 

4 OOUO MAUSTRANO TO TCaeey 811-7 EBocSdmffl 

5 2011 ORYX MINOR flWJJS Meior 

811-6(7 axJLami Vtoceet 

7 8PP AHDEWT TO B Stevens 8114 — 

8 0000 JUVEMLE PRINCE TO MORver 811-3- RDramody 

9 802 HI PAD (D XHF) Mrs J Pitman 81 1-0 TCMmn 

16 S040 FORETOLD (USA) (D) P G Bariey 8180 J Daggrai 

17 800 CATHTSP, 

20 0413 ORBITAL M 


©BJVERSfD) B A McMahon 


TB Brown 7-183 

32 308 FULL OF LOVE (C-O) Mrs A Lb« 7-180 SSetoy(7) 

„ Z’l Oryx Minor. 5-2 Mi Dad. 82 Ortrital ManoBumn, 81 
Deep Goadi. 182 Brobury. 81 Cathy's Pa. 

3m 190yd) (7) 

8 0312 CH.TJC SLAVE T A Forster 811-7 ROmiMte 

7 -310 FAIR CHUD M«w ESteyd 81 1-6 Lonw Ykweot 

10 480 MR MOLE Mrs S Grit 11-114 — - 

12 QP-P FLYWG JAC KDAW H O'NaB 181813 — 

13 103F GOLDEN MM8TSREL j T GriKad 7-1812 Peter Hobbe 

14 -P04 SPRWGWOOO G C Harfigan 8106 SMcNeM 

20 33-P PLAYFBJ3S P Burgoyne 12-180 — CGray 

Evens Ceitie Stave. 4-1 Fair CNd, 81 Golden Minstrel, 81 
Mr Mole. 181 Sprtngwood. 

2m) (16) 


P Darts 81 1-6 

Its J Banow 81 W — 

OOP STS’ 7HB WAY 0CJTA Forster 811-6 RDBMaete 

SUNYDAZE FT Winter 811-6 JDagn 

F THATS FOR SURE O Mchoison ^ 

9004 TRBALDRUIffl) I M Dudgeon 7-liSl!!^?!!!?— 

00 BALLYAHNAJafMre Pw 8 ll -1 MBtttefti 

30 CATCH A STAR K A Morgan 811-1 : — 

(MSP AND BONNE KCtUriey 11 - 1 M - 

00 FILL THE JUG P R RodfoTO8f1-1 CGray 

00 THUE BLOSSOM J Webber 811*1 .— 

1i4Tffi»i Orom. 10830 Sunyd&ce. 81 Step This Way. 


2m) (11) 

3 go WHOfTAWWWNJ Henderson 7-11-6 CMara 

3 go BBGHT ARROW N J Henderson 7-11-8- 

4 DO CHELSEA MAN MOtoer 811-6 

7 0042 DANCING AOM1RA1TOK A Moraan811-6.MSMcNerf 
ll WP MAjBWA {N Z1 ff^FOfMMW-6 Jb ltoo55 

M 380 ROOWHSWGM Turner 811-6 

30 OP TAR RJUE Mrs D Maine 7-11-G._«_ 

32 0 umbottih w J M«*4e8ii-€ 

37 03 WILLIAM BLAKE JTGWqid 7-11-6 

43 PP KHARABBB1J Webber 811-1 

48 008 TAM'S L*STC Gram-hes 7-77-1 

54 WED BBi^KSBridgnter 4-180-^, 

54 WED BBXS K S Bridgwater 4-189—** S WMMighM 

. 100-30 Dancing Admiral. 81 Bright 

Arrow. 13-2 Magwa. 81 Rodnera. 181 Tar Flame- 


G 083 MERCIA COUJBWoran 811 

g 03- RBGH8EAU G IwaB-D — 

10 008 ROYAL BERKS LCOO^ 811 
12 004- SAXON BAZAAR « Ml»w 811 

17 ivOfffnBEKBndgwWM, 

T9 384- TROLLY’S ALE I MafihwM 


94 Booty. 10860 ftennbeau. 81 Low Key. 13-2 Morris 
Gold. 7-1 Saxon Bazaar. 181 R opl Barite. 

(£1^57:51) (8) 

1 081 P BBOM C P>G Lwe *- 185 p TO ■ 

3 008 ROBROB TO L Codrtrt4»8 frr- ‘JggSl 

1 081 P BB0NTO .fi Lams *- 185.(7 TO 


a » 

15 082 ROYAL BEAR TO J Bradley *8Z .MMterS 

82 Pew. 10030 Taylor of SohaoL TZ Roytf Bear, 81 
Pino Hawk. 81 Rweratoe Writer. 181 flobrob. 

5M80yd)(10) M 

1 138 

2 » 

4 <38 

6 384 

7 801 
9 8 A 

10 304 

11 008 
13 34/8 

81 Avebury. 7-2 Peart Run. 182 Holyport Vtotwy, 81 Agra 
Knight, 181 Kiright’s Heir. 

• Edward Guest was seen at his best riding Naive 
Charm - his first mount of the season - in the 
Philip Comes Nickel Alloys Maiden Auction 
Stakes at Haydock Park on Saturday. The 
Newmarket filly, backed from 4-1 to 2-1, was 
soon in front, with Guest sitting for as long as he 
dared before he went for his whip to hold the 
strong late challenges of Clown Streaker and Take 

3L30 BIDFORD SBJJNG STAKES (2-Y-O: £578: 5f) 

( 10 ) 

1 0 CUTLER RDGECWBdman8t1 JIMktaaZ 

2 GOLDOHMA W Turner 81 1 HCurartS 

3 0 R0WO3NG TOP Hasten 811 

4 AMONA BELLE CWMroaa M B Crotil a y l 


S HIGH TOWN A Smith 86 *M*ck*y7 

9 MARTHA’S PTOERStobbs 86 SYWtefl 

Johann 4 


81 Athalsa Cyntra. 5-2 flaweWng. 10800 Wgh Town, 

2m 200yd) (13) 


Going: heavy 

33 0000 

35 opoa 

81 Macs Defiant. 4-1 Do Or Ota. 82 Crisp and Keen. 

41) (4) 

8 324 MASTS? MELODY (C-U)(BF) W HadteO 

1>11-7 11 Bntuo 

9 3110 BACK* ACTION (BP) KBaiey 

7.t1.7lA»TTWte>tertl JMl— 

11 0F42 COLE PORTS (CO) MC Banks 11-11-6 „ GMcCoort 

13 l- WSTBt SKIP J wanner 7-1 1-1 — 

74 Back hi Action. 94 Master Melody. 81 Mater Skip 

(Amateurs: £630: 3m 100yd) (9) 

1 1 IGOTSTUNGJ Datahooka 812-5 AHM® 

3 OOP/ BRAVE SONG JH MBs 7-11-12 J ***** 12 

7 F8 MUSsa.BB)H 8 Hodge 811-12 _ MtaeJHodgem 

8 8 NEWNHAMM A Johnson 81 1-12 W Spraborg (7) 

13 REGAL REBa C Cartran 11-11-12 — 

M 408 ROBERT HENRY O Sherwood 


16 008 THE CL8TOMAN Mas TAueM 811-12 — 

19PP83 WOODUUOS GEK9ET P Pritchard 811-12 — 

20 SUNYLYN W N Matte 811-7 — 

4-6 I Got Sun. 7-2 Newnham. 11-2 Robert Henry. ' 

2m) (7 runners) 

tttedngh3m811-7 P Corrigan (7) 

anting 811-2 JMcLatteAi 

voon 4-11-1 Mtai 

on 81813 PThoapaon P) 

tAManan81813„ SJotmson 
Moroan 5-1813 K Ryan (7) 


13-6 Tavaraos. 7-1 Bren Gunter. 81 Negresco. 81 
Bamaiyra. 181 Thamuud. 

Market Rasen selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Bren Gunner. 2L50 Strath Leader. 325 Red 
Rocky. 4.0 Foresters Lad. 4.3S Mr Pibbi 5.10 
Coeur Valiant. ■ 

2250 KETSBY NOVICE CHASE (£1 .799^11) (3) 

811 -3 M Pepper 

8 4POO WOLD SONG Ms COM 181 1-3 — PM*en( 4 ) 

Evens Strath Loader. 74 tuSarndns. 8* Step Tin . 81 
Sendcrackar. 1«-i oth e r s. 


HURDLE (£1,760: 2m) (6) 

' 4 -002 RED ROCKY TO MraJPSWWri 811-7 MPfteran 

5 PPIO APPLE WMERM01DW Chapman 811-3~ Stetaragn 
— I 6 3810 DOItT ANNOY ME TOfBHRMVVfaittlas 

811-3 WrS YYMIffiei OT 
7 -040 UCNU8 TO WHestings-Btes 7-11-2 HrP’-DOgganO) 


Going: soft 

2.15 MOORHOUSE NOVICE CHASE (£1^34; 3m? 
(10 runners) 

• 2 0033 gf B W BANM TOR W Johnson 


3 800 ARDESEE D J Moorttetd 81M C Grant 

9 VM FtWBAHTLwtonW-11-2 — 

-It 4200 MSTOfBC HOUSEM W Berby 11-11-2 — 

16 -000 RANDOMLY CJ Bel 7-11-2 ; — 

17 4POO SARENA PIASTICS TWCunttoriwo 811-2 — 

18 U SEAL MOON JWRedfwn 81 1-Z. ~.,L— — 

20 003 NOT EASY W A Stephenson 6-1811 ! — 

21 3W> SATMANDA F T Walton 81811 NrJWMkM 


94 Saflmnds. 114 Ardeeee. 11-2 ; Sbfcring Berm. 81 
Fdxbah. Historic House, 181 Not Easy. 

Carlisle selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Sa n nanda. 2.45 Firing Oats. 3.15 Travel 
Home. 3.45 The Blade Sack.- 4.15 Couliezs 
Candy. 4.45 Orp Baltic. 

(£1587: 3m 100yd) (10) 

2 -000 

20 480 IHL-TOT (BVC-U J Norton 810-0 . 
25 MAGIC FLYD ALmb 11480- — . 

26 0400 VRTQHY MOM J£ Dixon 181O-0 — 

_ 11_4 _. F !)S"S O**- 7 -Z Roman Dusk, 81 Larry ML 11-2 
Magwood. f 3-2 Cairo, 181 Mos s morrea 

(£1/417: 2m 330yd) (4) 

11 4401 7RAVa.H(WETO(88)M WBtarby 6-183 (10TO — 
15 1000 RBUDOER WYnIC-D] M TB oeWr 811-5—Z_!. — 

17 0430 ARNOTIBI GEAR W A Stephenson 8114 

24 00/ BARASTAR S G Payne 7-186__l—_ 

‘ 5* Travel Home, 81 Reminder Wyn. 114 Anodter Geer. 

16-1 Baras tar. 


Gomg: soft 

{14 runners) 

4 410 SHADY LEGACYJC-OJ R Morris 811-6 
6 2221 GRUNJYIAIEfmMC Pipe 4-1 1-5 
11 883 CASICY COURT P ftensoto 811 ' 

13 8 DOWERRY W H Taylor 8114- 

14®JW EASlFtKilTOJ Fenton 81 14 
2D 00 MY SON MY SON S Meior 81 14 H Iturtnglne 

s * 

36 PF PALS DBJGHTA J CfteMwitain 81813 

37 P PROWH OALS BEST Mrs SOtver 7-1813 RHyell 

38 F SHTEBMOBa AHG Price 81813 

40 P80 STVBtSTbEN T N BaSey 6-1813 

41 VFSAfOA Mrs M RinHI 81813 J Bryrai 

42 VOWCHORCH LADY MOhMr 81813 — 

„ 11-BGftdtdy Lana 5-2 Shady tagacy, 4-t Scholar. 182 My 
San My Son, 181 Vipeania. 12-1 PrortnctaTe Best 

Going: soft 

Draw: Sf-lm, low manbera bead 

2 JO MARTON STAKES (3-Y-O: £684: 61) (10 


1 348 BOQFY C Nrtson81t y *Cterar 

2 galaxy path l coeraa 8it -. — 1 , 

3 8 HEART OF G LASS? F atten 8) 1 TtaSaO 

A 8 LOW KEY N CaBagfanWi s 2!SS Z 

6 083 MBWA GOLD B Morgan 811 BC maMy a 

. a DCtnuijrAll Inn 811 C Sanaa * 

Hereford selections 

By Mandarin . 

2.0 Grundy Lane. 230 Skiskdler. 3.0 Manna 
Reef. 330 Deer Crest. 4.0 Castle Wardexu 430 

2-30 HOLIDAY SELLING HURDLE (£527: 3m If) 
(16) •' ■ ••• 

1 -2F0 NO FLUKE TO PJYantey 811-9, _ 

2 2400 - _ 

3 P-PP StSKELTER C P n8dm#n 8114 WKmhcM 


5 BOW AUAZAAH R A Pertans 81813 . — 

9 400 T0HWTTH1 P J Hrafaee 6.1B.13 P»»teMtt 

1? 22 WA1HI EATON GALTOMCWpe81813—_JL — 

11 0002 APIB.GEMDBorriie86.188.-_ 

12 hm i w i aw * n ma«a k.ii u> - ' 

14P040 FREDA'S FOat J R JenWre 8188 — 

15 0 GALLVMA Ms A Tudtar 8188 George KM*. 

1SP00O- GOOSE GREBI lira P wa—ra B-1P A.. ^ 

13 P00B B BHNIE P ULLER BGHMbi 8186 lTT: — 

2D OPOO AWETTCMCagMA-ian , ' — 

21 B2P4 GOLDEN JUNE DCTurider 8180 

22 P YOUNG CAVBCffiH TOD Burette 4-KH)__^__ _ 

84 Aprs 'Gem. 82 No Rriur. 4-1 Goktea June. 182 

WofteWOrth. 181 water Eaton Get 181 Freda's Fblfy. 


21 Mtf MANNA NEB 1 J A Edwteds 811-13 

23 800 AMH9CE Mrs G Jones 811-3 - - 

3 0P0P OunAWJ comma 7-11-3. 

26 0 P-P CHANCE PACT AJChamtorSm 811-3 

210 WPADO R WManw 8-1 w 1 

S3 -PUO UJMBOST B H Vatritey 8114 • 

214 OOPO HARK DFPAdw 811-3: 


Y-O: £1.000: 5fl (6J 

, . caiw»-!«2k8« 

l ^ 


5 » 

6 8 _ 


BKk8H — 

Warwick selectkms 

B^r Mandarin 

in Roofv. 2.30 Pcrion. 3.0 

RawSSft 4i) CUBdnsn. 4 JO Star Of Iretemt 

5.0 High Hcfia 

Bv Our KewBBgrite* Cotoxpoooeai 
10 Low-Key. 3J0 Rowckjng. 4.0 Ks«ftdy Dt ^. 
4.30 .‘Mtdw Beak. S.O Hoi Momma. 

4 J 0 WESTIWDLAM!^ IWEBCAP (£t^49: Ifn 2T 

a 33(0 SCREES jwtton 894 

• SS griP R fliaBr JFto*frl — J — — M Kflte (7j5 
□ ngjj sKTBOOT £ Cate 744 ' - — ■ Weedy C effitn 3 

10 n-0 CRADLE OF 4A^(BSA|JOW88-0—..-.. A * 

11 «J8 STAR Of MQAND G P*» 68(}— ^ 


81 Arrow Beak. 7-2 1 Ro ** r - M 

SIV Of wand. 81 Kemmoua 12-1 Ctedtote-naz. 

£14)00: 1m)<7) 

wir.’.rj.iWTa a 

vP rrS 

10830 Hot Mooinsa, 7-2 Heto, 81 tteffire HeblteL.81 
Moty Parmdge. 8? Dyrrarac SaOy. 

Blinkered first time 

Kranatoa: non# H e w e eHr 333 Deeeatea. 

ftoptaU Kate 3.45 Nortbem Melo ^. Sanri on^ W to»*c*. 2 0 
Saxon Bazaar. U.Oomd AghL BAnh. 3L3Q ftoNtpriy. 


17 0040 PROLE SEPT (C-Q) H Reewg 8183 — — M Ngp«r 
82 Bed Rock* 114 Oarft Annoy Me. NEMO. Apple Wtae. 
81 CnucfcSucfc. 81 Finite Sept 

4.0 CHASE NOVICE CHASE (Amateurs: £1,184: 
2m) (7) 

j ffi aaBsaffhBggiijtfaB 

5 OPW AaatLAM>eXPRESSVTbompete 811-ID--^— 

7 0BBB FA K CITY F G tom 81V10-- J 5.^250 

0 P-2P roHESlERStAOJSpeiriog8U-l0_ A Krt ta te y ffi 

W 4F33 IMPANY R fWto*an 7-Vl- M ~~J£ 

15 0yM W0NaeiHU.ll Cam! 14-11-10 — J ftrm ra ra i (7) 

Fair City. 

81 Jenmypck. 1t4 Ftaramre LadL 16830 tepany. 181 
Cay. tZ-IAsaosyo. ■ • 

(£1,448: 2m) (1^ 

4 2» 

7 - Pri 
0 1W» 


15 B 

• • . 811-7 M 

18 000 <»LDe(nAa4EMtePHte811r7 SJ 

22 -« SB*0MID»VT1antete811-T^ 


23 Q. SEMEU.YWWHMhS1t*7. 


33 036 BABSLADGG Map* 8T1-0 : — KNyrat 

88 HOkC FRONT UAteSB 811-0 i M Pepper 

44 VMEOOBrannitt 4-11-0— PAFenai 

45 4000 KALMBl SANDS J L ‘ ; uttog 4-n-O — 

48 TMRJGWAMMsAHDbaan4'186*— teaAHetew 

811 Mr Otobo. UX>^0 FOnctMcb Cetorty. 81 BatatecL 81 
Utetetar Saute. 181 VMao. . ■ 

_ Kltyan 
M Pepper 

5.10 CECfl. HAGUE HANDICAP CHASE (£2.026: 

2m) (6) - 

6 1148 &BRZALf>CB J Hady 18lt-7 ; SJeteana j ' 

7 HP1 JBST AUO( fCTOBI n fcsw&f T-Tl-5— M Pepper** 
10 am COCOR WUlAWfCTOVltiompaanfrKM^- — 

It 3442 MHRABU|G-0ISNBt*tt&186-~~-— — 

TZ -3yi K*roreBQ0ti(6tR0 D wraran81fr0^ »*Braeaea 
114 At* Aide, 100-30 Oteur VaMani 81 GtazaL 81 
Katopeigos, 81 FarGatm. 

MMiHttfUj ;frw-ua 

CUP MAIDBf HURDLE (£1,180: 2m 330yd) (23) 


■ ■ -3 040 ARmLOASSR Aira» 8l2-0 — 

5 -OH* AffON OAK D McDonald 81 2-0 — 

6 -m BZLYTOBte S Peyoe 812-0 — 

8 BRAOteBtNCVT Laxloo 812-0 — 

. tO BKUf3WABXCFMte8l24 — 


■ ■■■ 812 - 0 MrJRra*HM(n 

17' PO QOtOOi BAYARD T H Cefclirart 8180 — 

18 800 HASTY tePORTTLfSXJooo 7-12-0 » Mae R Lock (7) 

20 JASTOMCATER Hf e tet B 8180 — 

23 m NORTHOMmAH Alexander 7-12-0 — 

» O PfBNOE METI S UBCM C J Bet812-0 — 

26 002 THE RUCKSACK WC Ebay 8126 

29 WORTHY KMQHTBMcIjnr 812-0-^ — * 

31 0000 CHESTTS LAMOOO C J Befl 811-6 — 

32 CHRfSETTMtaS IB* 811-6 — 

34 GALAWOGDC Tinkler 8H-8— — 

36 800 JURBEUJNA MTO Z Gnen811-6 — 

36 0-22 MUHINA T N DaJgony8Tt-9 — 

41-U08 WAI M MOBBSONgTOMtel IB* 811-6 — 

42 000 DALTON DANDY GvH*4-11-7 — 

43 P40 OARWHA R Johnson 441-7 Nr P Jotaane (7) 

■44 0 DOUBTLESS CJ Alexander 4-n-7 — - 

7-2 Ntana. 4-1 UmBtaCk Sack. 81 General Ctundos. * 
(£674: 3m) (11) 

1 OOP- BENS LAWYBtSR QoUa 7-12-7 Hr P Derate M 


7-187 MrS CraateghaM (7) 

4 - 3-F DREAMMQ L Croobmte ■ ■ 

• - - 8187Mee JMonoafT) 


7-tt7TO6 a R — p) 
10 P48 PANEGYRIST C J Ateancter 11-487 ; -i- 

12 IV8 SHACHNBRR TO ^ Osborne 8187 MTTRtoteKP) 

13 820 VULGANS GAZETTE W A Stepheteon 8187 — 


812-2 Wee mrtteoe If) 

16 008 BAHTEL BOWMAN CH 8* 8180 - - — 

17 Of BARBRAMC6R Mffi O GOCkCurn 8126 - — 

19 /08 REBR0NA FT Wriui 811-9 —s. 

114 OnAllR rnwh 4.1 DnrMn IUM P 

^ ~r 

11-6 Gcwftacs Candy. 4-1 Sbaddn -Bridge. ’ 

2m) (7) . 

4 2300 GRP BAliBTOEJ Alton 811-7 _C<ktol 

5 01PP LADY UWYajBMDDfJEBrocUtett 811-1 — 

6 261 PARK TOWERfMP Mcntotet 810-13 DNeteR 

9 -640 .TUMBLE JH TOj W Coretfndain 7-186 — 

— 10 40U4 ROCttlf-PAUL TO(&«) S J LMdbitter 18UJ4 — 

13P008 WEVTOABOCKttnZGmea 14-180. 
U 4023 WABOMFF TOT A CttftoetT 8180 „ 

84fiarkT<Nrar,-81 TUroUe jkn, 4-t RonatvPeuL 

219 0043 ROYAL «EWVRBteWp18U-ai — 

219 -002 SHAHNC O QTteR 7-1 T-3 JBedram 

222.0000 1UB TLETPN KC Bteey 811-3 : — 

226 .828 LA WHITE GH Yanfley 81812 .Jteyaa 

229 8BP MBS TUUULANBFOEHy 64812 NFeant(7) 

Ereiw Merate fleer. 82.U vorite. 82 flqyri View, U-1 
Statute. 181 Marina. 281 Turttetoa' 


l-ZHO DE2H CRES TTO J A Edwrads 81M1 _ 

0 00 CHBjSEA MAN MORver 8114 

11 .000 COWAL SHORES Meter 8114 - - 

16 MALTOfTS LAST W Invent 8H4_ n . 

17 P W ASTES ECHO MflV Tatf 7-11- 4. . .. 

T 8 am M^Brnu7AWJns8ti4 

» BAS£HSBOrOOTte«&.114 ^ 

x., . 

31 00 MBS CAMABALfTCPugh 81813 — 

32 m msrt park g h jorwT-i^is . ZZ ~ _ 

3* HIP SAPteCADftgaMa8tft.M - ._-. — 

35 OOP SPACE KATE EE Evan 81813 

® O0° aswemj^m _ hmawm 

41 -SWING P — 

43 mo UTILE, dimple Ms cseynotir 8187 — 

7-4 Dear Cr»«, 81 Bruodean ftane, 7-2 Ragoru Bbv. 4-1 
Saintt ABve. 1 1-2 Meter Kte. HM CteS shore. ** 





- 8 460P SAUDfYSRE 

tsaBae 1 *^ 


Plteang 1818Q ^ JSafcen-.a 
iterated 8188 

*.iv rr * r; 

1 ■ "Tin. 

■14 : 303F OUHHSWAY S6y fc*»AKBfl 7-W_ 

. 4 JS®^2 ,8W,,d ? n -^ 84Mou« , Oi*ar f 7^^ PtayTb* Knav*. 

H Salortsitotran, 14-1 say Forest 28i O up amwiy Boy. 


£680: 3m If) (8) - - 

: •- v. • 


4 800 ■- 

'8 3H*- ROUWjamMMEV 

6 40P 'I TWO AZURE PG B8SwtT-l?0_ — 


. 9U8PP. CANTABfLEUady S Brook* 7-f TO — 

■ 186 Ram, 82 Lonesome -Ftaric 82 -ufaiL- ^ Handy : 
■ 18l3Sugh Eatimete. 18 T*h£T 

•* . "'*«■ * 




't*-* } SbA 

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. ■ ^ 

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.tt^-206CHANCEMAMlLUON(BF} 0 R Hotosao T67 ii 
12 • 0 eammsaNTP a Mon — “ 

17 OtelCXEYHNNICTirnbufl IflJ . - 

. « 4100 N0R)»L£Wnd»rto »lt 

as . y^g»goaii»80JMBflnMdmr- — 

v ^ ■- v*# 


' - — — MM T.lte pl (7) , 

25 • • 

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PwwSwimia.7 - 

WHT^IKWV0LtfHTjnrtrig1(wTl_. c'pforti 
MSK” 14 ®M«» *« ■ ftWBon.MBucfcOB.6- 


w_^W. ' is soas'-sAWYER-asoN * 

JSV- -J^SK^SJf^iJSj 5 ^- 
v V s ss srisws^i*!!rBJ^ 


•-:£*<£ ® jg£ be R Bo ufrt an j w aontwi 7-nu t ■ _ 

■ SB- OB0F;.iI—nCAP LAPY BO WHThtol^ F "■ -j_ ■ 

SS :1 



fz 5 j^ggS^5&^j&- gl S^ 

* “ <2*^- a Sv -V'- b%£ SgjggSEf ”** JM J Mtereon 7-165 BCMm 

^ zzro^i 

•Sr - ■ .-.--*fc? OWTOOT E H RntS?£li.rt 1 * ~" ■ ■ 

- ■■•*. ^^'#818813®®!®^== 

• 1? J^MOMN fflteAT I C Turabul 7-1 IM n __ 

( ^JWjW^l&wi*r,7-2 Even Deeper, 11-2 PrkKe 

■•■■■.•'?••; Weflierby selections 

■ ^- Maiufariit 

130 MiKtav V'^wiu 3.6 Emandar. 330 
Cybrandtan. 43 Buck Up. 43S Simon Legrce. 
3.10 Yahoo. "-'•••■ 

4F100YDS)<6) '■ 

* 2 2PTS SMOM LEQRSE J T GBtort a-H-7 ._ . — 

. 3 11* RVOIANjnraMHEcmfby 9-11-6 AQmm 

4 W1F-. TBAVHij»»»WAStophwwonS-11M______ — 

5 1130 DURHAM EDITION W A Staptanaon B-TO-11 — 


. 11 3000 BOOK OF KEUSJWBUxM 1M04) 

• 2-1 Simon. Mgni'M Ryaman. M Traraiowen, 61 
I>irh*rn Edttton. MWV >r. 

Davies inspires 
to stay true to 

9#C% :: 'V i:} v ■ ' r - • : >\ ■ 

1 ' '. -Vi; 

mh.r 1 



2 sin FROSTY TOUCH Urxk 3 
4 m YAHOO W A S58®haraonSl 

^DLE (£886301) (24) 

tfc 8-11-5 Mm D Stack (I) 

By David Hands 
Riyby Correspondent 

Cardiff 19 

Barbarians 24 

Chilly rainswept sides may 
have suggested that sprinehad 
hardly sprang at Cardin on 
Saturday, but there was a 

second was a penalty try, 
awarded when Hadley late 
tackled Jonathan Davies as he 
pursued bis own kick down 
the touchline. 

The Barbarians indulged 
Th orb urn by giving him two 
penalty attempts which, at just 
under and just over 50 metres, 
were mere shadows of the 



bbmbi aesjfess 

"t? mtm * c^***") 

- - ■'••«■ ^* ?!* IV ■ . 1 ibi. 8 TBMQ PLAYER BHFHLmI 1-S ------ 

5 ;52 Awq™eR_aaSsQkof«jnS-ii-o _»P0Mto(n 
7 4340 BLUE HAVRE W G Raad 7-1141 Nrl'RMd 


1 4 MALL FAMNE83 MrsUOiddmon 

12 00 HAL14HT0UH JHcnon nm --- 11 -^ * " 

13 0 iAV DOUBLE YOU J S Wlion _ 

15 W BPEPBCOT M H Ewatby IllS * 0 — 

17 0320 MAC CHARLEY PECOtnoa 6-1 1-0 — 

- 2 J® “WEsncMAKsnEoSSHjs-ivn ; — - 

.10 40FO JMRACAS BAY (0) N Mtaggott 7-11-0 MmTB -Q rr 

g MOO SjtBtTWWPAOhrtonfrll-O-^ — 

» S THE WINK J W Rsdtom 0-1141 — 

280W*U WNCE M AGKLNTMiHr 9-1141- — 

28 WOODLANDS WISH J C Doyta 5-11-0 — 

29 08FB TAUSKART Mm J E»Mn SlTo 

m YOUKNOWNOW Don« Snttth 6 : i _ Mr C Bmokt (7) 

ffi n- JMOLINO AAJCE I C nimbiA 7-lM — 

33 000 KAUMOtAUraPngtN 8-104 

84 MOD UTIUMnBgRUw 8-104 

£ WW LUOT PASS Mis S Iahjwjwm 12-1M — 

» 0004 FEMlYFAilSSRBMrfjg 7-UM 

^ ’It 4 t|Aa FsrinwM, 7-2 Yahoo, 8-2 Jack of CAOe, SOkan 
TUm. 6-1 KAMI ScgL 

sl ^ ps monster he kicked next door 
as ihey left the field. In beating against Scotland. He 
Cardiff by four goals to a goal, and was somewhat lucky to 
a try; and three p^^ty^als, get away with an obstruction 
ttey not only receded their wtadi preceded his own try 

S® ' • 2»r- 

to soft 

12 1322 CO B OB M J fC-P) T FtWHr 10 - 10-1 C8m 

13 0300 SAUNDERS (MTCIw 12-1 0-1 — 


25 4-33 ONLY FOR LOVE (D) D NUiataan 7-100 — 

_ S2 Oo^tenbor, 11-4 Mr Moonrakar. 7-2 Roytcw. 6-1 
Dumper. 8-1 OHy For Lme, 12-V Saunters. ^ 


*^**i<l& AXttiDQE NOVICE HUM3LE (£733; 2m) (t4 
w ^owisrs). 

-- ■ 1 ^ — .CC0K(4) 

'V- j— * ^ » A'F «aanPN DBworth HM), C —S 

"Hi «, .? "to ft- ’J 228» : JUCK 8Hffl» tOwfcaon 0-1141 

-TL- -o»v ?*? #*«:•« «a«LE* FOLLYDbvng 5-II ^ZT _ 

' ’^ikT 

v. v 

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r- 22 Mf imiER HOUSE 

Bsworth 7-1141 



1 29. mo TOWEBWO G TIlorTwr 7-11-0 M 

30 OP 'DEMHCire DELWHT E W JorB»T-ip 
34 • PHTLL-TAHQ1 IMTFqis» 6-10-9 __J 

. *LB ytn, 37 DOHAVANW CHOICE FWnMr 4-1 M— 

m ro n MOA Wr LAUTWWiytman 4-103 

'- « *' ' fl-4:PradonfnM. 3-1 , FormJdafci* Lab, 4-1 Oonmn'i 

+ Btecfcawep. 8-1 pBAtroy. 12-1AAiPM tei CrtoWon. 

-J i. ±£ ■ 

ChOka.S-l BMckt 

! -> Wncanton selections 

.- • By-Mandarin 

. __T!-4 AdmOiA Ruhr, 100-80 Manwrs Drawn, 6-1 SaMvi 
Lad.B88yw8st.8-1 Bratfior Partisan. 10-1 BkAabb. 

420 H1NDON HANDICAP CHASE (£1,900: 2m 5Q 

**»+■■ »rv ' “^Mer 

'» «lto "AtXS 

■ vwf -V^S 
* -w. r-m*- 


. \~**^*M- 

l^edaminaie. 235 Smart Bqify. 3.10 Co 
nbjjr. 3L45 Admiral’s Ruler. 4L20 Ben Lair. 
jW^eKing. ■ „ ••-.•• . 

WET HfU. NOVICE CHASE (£t 213: 2m) (8) 
ii>^8HMtr REPLY |lttA) pntf) N Hindarnn 6-1 V12 — 

9 MR LUCKY NEVMC-mT Bilgin 11-11-7 

16 P04 BEH LAKff*) rilMmiMM R Pny 

21 P8O0 JUE8EUJC Mbs SWaannan 10-10-0 

4-8 Ban U8r, 4-1 Lucky Raw. 8-1 Lasiuc. 

455 AXBRIDQE NOVICE HURDLE (£740: 2m 5) 
i « 

4 .-388 

5 OM 
8 244 

7 0-0 

8 WOO 

9 4400 

" ie on 

12 PD 

17 8 
23 OD 
26 OPO 
28 PM 
30 P 
32 OOP 
37 F 

1-2 Batte King, 8-1 Yaniwo Doodto, 10-1 Hykig 
Tandartoot, 12-1 Natana Dockyard. 

QTBuMn 11-11-7 _ 

FMHwyn 8 - 11-1 

SWaaman 10 - 106 . 

T1 r> A FWteterOll ^' 

•** 4F^ANNA'SIBTEHBtakemy7-T1-0 

* f- **m» \!^MmSoSot HEDHA P Bafey fi-11-0_ 

w. * ‘ 1 tT44»'i*LE B FcKHy 74 1-0 

. 14 OFO-dREBIlWA Tum«I5-10-1Q___ 

15 OO^ROE CLUSKHt 0 Hctuafan 5-10-10. 
If yvn ,18 OBCWGfMOUIH MY ILCbanfaa 5-1010 


■ ~ v • .- W.'^k:. 

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• - •W./Wt*'; 
m> iwwiKMSKi j--- 

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»- • Mi 

Rfrtl.4-1 Larry^O.S-1 Weymouth Bay, 8-1 Uto, 


im»F VUntar OT1-2 


first victory since 1980 m this 
102nd official meeting be- 
tween the clubs, they also 

maintairaH |wp^ Ba |lnii iy p 


Urged on by the perpetual 
motion man, Jonathan Da- 
. vies, they ran the ball with 
their traditional freedom and 
Cardiff as they invariably do. 
responded. On another day, 
Cardiff would have punished 
'mistakes, but the Welsh Cup 
finalists - for all their 29 wins 
and only seven defeats - are 
not in vintage form this 
season. They ran up cul-de- 
sacs rather than finding the 
open highways. 

Cardiff too were missing 
three injured internationals: 
Phillips, their captain. Scoff 
and Roberts, the last two bade 
row players; meanwhile, the 
Barbarians' back row was in 
exceptional form. Rees, the 
Nottingham flanker, bad 
played an energy-sapping cup 
match only 24 hours before (as 
had Rendall of Wasps, in the 
same gome), yet he main- 
tained his fonn magnificently. 

Shrugging off the gloom of 
the cup defeat, he and 
Winterbottom roamed the 
field tackling and supporting, 
with Robbins, who also added 
his height at the hneout, on 
their heels. 

Behind them, Jones and 
Davies, who appeared to have 

and restored the Barbarians 
lead after O’Brien had edged 
Cardiff back in front. 

Fitzgerald, the Barbarians 
captain, bad to leave the field 
early in the second-half with a 
whiplash neck injury which 
only brought on Bums, the 
Lansdowne hooker and hero 
of Friday’s game against 
Penarth, when he scored three 
tries in the Barbarians' 39-1S 
farewell to the Seasides*. He, 
like the rest of his team, was 
happy to watch Harrison seize 
a loose bail inside his own 22 
and swoop away over 70 
metres before giving Simms a 
try which settled the result 
despite Hadley's late effort. 

SCORERS: Cardiff: Trine O'Brien, 
Hadtoy. Conversion: G Davies. Pon- 
aUee: G Davies (3). Barbarians: 
Tries: Crossan. Thorton. Simms. 
Penalty try. Conversions: Thorton 

SroiFF: m Rayen a Glasson. D 
Evans, A Donovan (capt), A Hadley: 
G Davies. N O'Brien; J Whteioot. J 
Souto, I Bdman, O Golding, R 
Norster, M Rowley, T Crothers, R 

BARBARIANS: P Thorton (Neath 
and Wales); M Harrison (Wakefield 
and England), j Devaraox (South 
Glamorgan Institute and Wales), K 
Shuns (Uvarpool and England), k 
C reesan (insbinians end Iretand); J 
Davies (NBatn and Wales), R Jones 
(Swansea and Wales): P Randan 
(Wasps and England), C FRzaenrid 
(St Mary's College and Ireland, 
captainHrep: W Burnt 

(lansdowne)), G Pearce (North- 
ampton and England), P 
W l nhr b ott om (HeacRngfey and Erv 

Bahas flock to the line: Thoriwirii (centre) leads the way at Cardiff on Saturday ' 

Swansea come in from cold 

By Gerald Davies 

Swansea , — 




Wales stand-off halt looked effort by Allan Williams, char- 
settled in the centre, prompting itably assisted by some lax 
the idea perhaps that is where he Harlequins defence dose to the 
ought to stay. Richards had a scrum, and lack of team cover. 

or two. and 

which allowed the scrum-half to 

The long cold winier dearly .... 
has a lot of life left in it. No sign their moments, Emyr and Tilley 
of spriire-like weather at Swan- hardly saw ihe ball on the wings, 
sea on Saturday, no warmth in Swansea’s forwards were 
the sun to revive emj-of-season slow in releasing possession, and 
weariness and a chill wind Paul Mori arty, who otherwise 
blowing in from the Mumbles, had a sound game, was parti cn- 
The surface, too, was heavy, and laiiy guilty in bolding on to the 
not at all what might be ex- ball at the back of the scrum. In 
peered at this time ofyear. this aspect, he ought to have 
All these factors conspired to followed the example of Jack- 
make things difficult for the son. who gave controlled, swift 
players. The absence of five possession to Wood ho use. 
international players might The Harlequins were ahead 
have made things worse for the 15-6 at the interval. Hunter 
Harlequins, but both teams scored a good try after the 
were weO matched Swansea won visitors had counter-attacked 
because they took better advan- Emyr’s wayward kick out of 
tage of the wind in the second- defence. Woodhouse took it up 
half, and took all their and ran diagonally to link up 

Williamses at half-back were wriggle past the back row and 
always probing If all these had run 40 metres to score. 

opportunities. They won by five 
tries, three goals and a penalty to 
three tries, two goals and a 

For Harlequins, Jackson and 

with his wing to score. 
Woodhouse himself got the 
second try by running blind 
from a 15-metre scrum. 
Dud man converted both su- 

estabtished good relations pfand).P May (Uatw%J CynpbalF 
with jVyn tini while in S yd- 

ney tot the international sev- England), G Robbins (Coventry and 

■i *-»3a wvppHMHiillBHi. . 

? mE. v ^i as^h eg vy (&fl Iriipbfctlon H overnight rain) 


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h-'** aS- aO-WOeOtHGH PRICE CTrisOtaa 5-10-12 — 

r jyjfc , 8t MMPBAHOWBMlPawio 6-10-7 — — 

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» * 0U4- VBJMDREMrtCRaaray 6-10-7 — : — 

**-’ -M'ria* DmIbt. 7-2 Rodger Daft, 5-1 Kadaata. 7-1 Rylng 

«* ***' ^to-y a eaftay Lodqa. HW TUa«n— Sir. 


" »4t* yp gMWGIOBbOBMBELW M 7-11-7 — 

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: ' * '* „ ji‘^^^5S5SptraiOF^fioCaai 9-W-18 — 

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** - ACharaoam 

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HOUDAY NOVICE HURDLE (£685: 2m) (12 

' ■ ' 30 0080 

4J 0HANB URY NOVICE CHASE (Clfflff 2m) (7) : 

"2 884F AN0I1C8 HALF DMcCWi 8rTlr0^1I — 111— — " 

.-:* F«0- GRAY ROSEBAYE Oam un 6-104 : 

60FFF ABJAD R WoodhousaS-tif? : -JAHarta 

B0FBF AUCgSBOTH Fttncto 5-167 ... . 8J0BI— 

• • « -000 BOTTLE AND GLASS E Ala*on'S-l67 — 

13-4001 SHARED EXFBUENCE G BaMh0 S-16-7; — 

14 0002 TOHCAXTONJS King MO-7— — 

• 4*6 Tom Caxton.3-1 Anottwr Halt. 5-1 Shorad Experianca, 

IM B«0a AndOaES.26-1 onhare. . , :: 

Uttoxeter selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Tm a Dealer. 2.50 Jubilee Lights. 3J15 
Woodway. 4.0 Tom Caxion. 4.35 Solares. 5.10 
Bluff Cove. • . 

3m 20(9) 

?«•— — •tolMlN.joaa 


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• 10 1FM SOLARES Jfiany6-T08 — 

.11 8008 KEEFAP BOiaSE CT JWhonB-li-6— : — 

13 22U0 CtffADLEBRaNTHaftett 610-5 ; — 

16 02F0 DELATOR IWMa 8-163 — FDavar 

17 12U2 SMALL MONEY Ain W Sfkaa 7-10-1 — 

2-1 Corant Gart«v5-2 SotarB% 5-1 Smaft Money, 1-1 

QBanbank Park. 6-1 Cnck A Joko, 10-1 Koap A Praraiao. 


(£881: 2m) (10) / . 

5 0304 
9 8042 

10 060 
11 603 

15 464 
■20 -40P 
21 4002 
23 4040 

27 200 

28 06F 
- 29U0FO 

M 18003 
32 0440 

^l^ ro^Oout, 62 Bluff Cow, 11-2 Splgat Staft, 7-1 

2m) (10) 

3 4003 BEIUCKS A Moore 10-12 : G Hoorn 

10 0000 IXHBiSiONimttraNSniitti 1612 i — EWalH 

15 HEADLEY HmLf Mtdiel 1612 E Itopt* (« 

21 8 MANHATTAN BOV J Hich-Howi 1612 C Wanan |7) 

30 8 SPEEDY BOY BP Enright 1612 — 

34 08 BLAH'S WBME P* MtaM1 167 WSadt 

35 CUDDLY J R Bostay 167 OfBoriafW 

37- JA0SULAB Stews 167 JKDaWa 

38 00- JELDORA J J Bndger 1 67 - HaaCHooM (7) 

40 804 MBS NEVER HmEMC Pipe 167— — : 


ens by appearing in Pumas 
stockings, demonstrated their 
maturing partnership. Davies, 
in feci, was well policed by 
Cro there but he drew so much 
of the defence upon himself 
that he created scope- for 
others, notably the spiky Dev- 
creux, whose sheer strength 
created problems for die Car- 
diff-midfieli ,- ■ 

— Foe aHl that, -OiPrtiff-migfat 
have won had their finishing 
been slightly better. Hadley 
played foe liveliest match I 
have seen from him this 
season and the red-headed 
Glasson on the other wing was 
a tremendous handfuL Defen- 
sive desperation forced the 
Barbarians to concede three 
penalties in the first half, all 
converted by Gareth Davies 
from the closest range. 

Nevertheless the Barbarians 
led 12-9 at the intervaL Their 
first try was a delight, Harri- 
son coming in between his 
centres on the blind side wing 
and Thorbum adding his 
weight to the. movement be- 
fore Crossan crossed. Their 

Bath count the 
cost of victory 

The tre a t m e nt room at the 
Recreation Ground, Bath, will 
r ese mble a hospital casualty 
department this week as the 
John Player Special Cup holders 
sort out their walking wounded 
for the semi-final against Leices- 
ter on Saturday (Bryan Stiles 

..Their international players. 
Chilcott, Halliday and Martin, 
together with Spurrefl, their 
captain, and Egerton, the No 8, 
have all booked in for treatment 
after the 10-3 victory in the 
rugged derby game at Bristol on 

To add to Bath's worries 
Redman, their England second 
row forward, polled out of the 
Barbarians match against Car- 
diff bccause of an ankle injury. 
Swift, their wing, scored a first 
half ay against Bristol Sorrell 
replied with a penalty but 
Barnes was on target with two 
for Bath. - 

: D Sevan (Ctydach). 

Woodhouse had a nice under- perbly from the touch-line as 
standing close to the scrum, wdl as adding a penalty. In 
Dent found a few gaps in between, Mark Davies had 
midfield, and Dudman had a scored a try for Swansea from a 
good game bfhinri them. But close scram, which was con- 
they -could not sustain their verted by Rees, 
attacks and they petered out The game was settled in a 12- 
th rough lack of support or poor minute period at the start of the 
handling. second half during which Swan- 

The other two were the result 
of passing movements. Titiey 
scored from an orthodox three- 
quarter movement with Rees 
coming in as decoy. Trotman 
scored his try after superb 
breaks by Aled Williams and 
Richards set up a ruck near the 
Harlequins line allowing the 
flanker to emerge and charge 
over. Rees converted one uy as 
well as kicking a penalty. 

Although O'Brien reduced the 
deficit with a try for the visitors, 
a strike against the head a little 
later saw them lose both the 
advantage and possession for 
Aled Williams to dive on the 
ball and score. Rees again 

Titter, Allan wffifems. Mod WHara. J 
Trotman. Canvaraiom: D Ram PJ. Pan- 
amas D Roes 0) Hw taq u teai Tiles: S 
Hunter. N O'Brien. A WooOtouse. 
Co w ra rai eBi R Ducfcnan (2). F ma Bte e : H 

Dudman (1). 

wcu as arming a penally, in SWAI^&A: 0 Rees; M TittejM) RWnrds. 
between, Mark Davies had m Dacey, A Emyr; Alad WHains. Alan 
scored a try for Swansea from a w wams, k crn gouji. c ! tf toia nt , K Y to m. 
rw. emtm which one mn J Trotman. T Cneesaman, H Monany. M 
aose scram, wnicn was con- oav** (capa p Morcirty. 

verted by Rees. harle&»& r Duoman; m Bet, A 

The game was settled in a 12- Thompson. A Dmu. 5 Hurttar R Cram, A 
mmuie period at the start of the £ %££ 

second half during which Swan- 

sea scored three marvellous Merae:R Yemen (Port Tabol). 
tries. The first was an individual 

ir Scots Important 

thm* morale collapsed after win for 

SCORES: tooUend: Trie*: Jeffrey. S ww r . -m 

SSS Waterloo 

Swmmsite^i^^s^jRuthe^ By Michael Stevenson 

lord, R Ltedtaar. A Bswwter. C Deans 1 — . . . .. . . , ■ , , 

Waterloo -21 

ROMANIA: L Hodoarca. M Tender (re- WaSpS. n .,«..»..»n M . 10 
placed by N GopB. A Lungu. v David. R ■■ 

SwftiWWJ ih^fSif T 

Pascu. F Muracfu. l Coratwitin, g them their Lan c ashi re Cup de- 
CaragM,VGiuQto4.S ConatanMn. feat by Preston Grasshoppers to 

Referee R (irtteraon (England). earn a comfortable victory over 

“I £L mmnM * n Wasps at Blundellsands on Sal- 
lO -group Will urday by a goal, three tries and a 

Enafanffs 16^roup school a ^ “* "? 

side, in their only rateraational Nasos' came however was 
of the season, beat Italy 20-14 in no T^^by 

RichardsoB, foe stand-off haff 
**»> Prater, the flanker. Both 
the Edgware wmg, had a paracu- departed during the interval to 
larty profitable tour, scoring a be replaced by Fellow and 
try, two penalties and a conver- Bo n ^*vriT 0 joined the bS- 
sion io go with the three tries, a - -,^1 

SiJSSSSJSL -1 ™ 1 " in * Waterloo. Aitchison 
Italian regional team. pumped some telling kicks deep 

» j • i into Wasps’ territory and one of 
A PflflP TniPfl I S these won an offside from which 
rswiuvuuvttw Cotirr jdeked the penalty. Cot- 

ItlQ IT A it cafn ter was again prominent when 
UUUkC II 901 . C he snapped up a wild pass by 

Edinburgh Academicals, by Card us, and sent Molyneux 
recording a 32-3 win over the scampering in for Waterloo's 
already relegated KHmarnock, second try. 
assured themselves of first di- Waterloo held an encouraging 
vision rugby next season (lan 1 5-0 lead at halftime. It looked 
McLauchian writes). far from unassaila b le after two 

The Academicals showed penalties by Stringer and a 
much more purpose and drive searing burst by Cardus that 
as their forwards, superbly led should have brought a try, but 
by Richardson, dominated the Waterloo responded with the 

handling. second half during which Swan- 

Much the same could be said sea scored three marvellous 
of Swansea. Dacey, the former tries. The first was an individual 

Stylish revenge for Scots 

From Chris Than * paged through the depleted 
RrvlMroct Romanian ranks. All three Scot- 

■ ” ncil r ra ' .... fish tries involved at least one 

Rpw mnbi .. ... 18 member of their breakaway trio. 

Scotland 33 irifrrabntotough.iiiiwia^ 

vn.uuoiiu.->,-.M..~.- mw w ^ for die line bm the 

Scotland.' who had paid for ofow two lri» were highly 
venturing largely into the un~ opportunistic 
known on their last visit m Calder caught a kick from the 
1984, comprehensively avenged centre alter some mept Roma- 
that defeat on Saturday. They nan. handling and pul Scon 
broke the pattern of the highly Hastings through for hisrecond 
organized set-piece play of the international try. The final tiy 
Ronmnians with ruthless ef- a^unu^d-undcr 

fidency, winning by three goals by Rutherford: The Ronmm^ 
and five penalty goals to five nght-wmg. Vomov, allowed the 
penalties and a drop goaL ^ 10 

The Scottish front five rave race was fittingly finished off by 
their opposite numbers a torrid Deans, toe Srottish raptun. 
afternoon in the scram. Milne GavmHasto lacked five 
made the life of the Romanian penalties - all m the first half - 
loose-bead, Bncan, a misery and *»• three conve rsions to ^ual 
the Scottish scrummaging was “* own Scorash record of 21 
so effective that by the middle of points ret a gainst En gl an d in the 
the second half the two Roma- championship. 

the second half the two Roma- championship. 
man Bankers Murariu and Until the end of the first half 
Giugkawere a spent force. the huge boot of the new 
The Scottish bad: raw of Romanian stand-off, Ignat, had 

Until the end of the first half sion to go with the three tries, a 
the huge boot of the new penalty and conversion in the 

Jeffrey, Calder and Beattie ram- cepl Romania in contention but 


JOHN W i n mrr TABLE ft; GYRO BANK LEAGUE: North W»*t FM 
gumbo «M r M. H— teff to 7. tOvteloa * Vffidnas <7. HmBt Moor a 

JOmwmttlWNrTMIjEfcBKSoid ,<8iiMo«c Wattorey 16. 

john wn anvr r«u a: gyuod 

GteueootorKH— OKfn/T. ciwWoa 


4. RoMfyaParaa 

CUJN MATCWSc Atwraran SB, London n &S 
WWUI 0; AbaOStenp 7. Htew VUa 0; 

BtecMwMh 16 NsrOwm 18; BricfOBn(l21, 

Moomo 15: BitoolS. Btoi 10: CanMI IS, 

Bwtteften* 24: CoranMy 19. Gcatofth B; 

Cnxs Kora 15. Trettegar 18; Durinm 60. 

M ra c h u ite r 9; UanM 44. Northampton 

19: Ritio 22. NoOnghara 14: Mai Pofica 
17. Waal Harttapool 15; Naaft 11, GtoucastL. 
Laicsster 15; Ne; ( tedgn 18. WWiaflald 13; Nottingham 
Newport 14. Moaatey ft Plymouth 3, Wasps 
ShfliMd 1ft Pomypooi 54, NUnaaion 7; Harlequins 
Pontypridd 12. South Wales PoSca 9; L n ta w aw 
Rotndhay 3, Orraft 24; Rwpy 3, Moriey Bath 
22; Sar&T^t 9*. Bradt. ft: aransn 29. Sato 
Haftoqutoa tfc Torquay 2ft Exaw 4; LScontoh 
wA 14. Bftmtnghnm 21; Sato 25, Gqsftxth 
Hawick ift Mosotoy 

Wl— M tMVTVBOU I ElAfltC. — - Bristol 

Wvringtor 3. Second dMsten: Ruskin PH 
3, St mry's 4; Vukam 11, South Liverpool 
0. East Finn dMataie Crewe and 
NanMch ft Seftoti 12. 


Hamrick 18. 


* . ■* - X tount 64 Akhuim PaaL S~L PHte Wraga. 61 

JJ. IteiW Dtptotnat »4-1 Oome LatL 

s MAWRisnNf NOVICE CHASE 3*9 (8) ■ 

S ■*.' auadHP) 

. *: -O ft57»0 narewE easth p**»t 6ii^__ — 

- v ^ .w»- a aam q i eiw v a a— t» ia-ii-6 — - — 

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‘ — jf**. jp. araw) raw r s eo*6ii-s — _ _ — — 

Z — V ^•^ to iwP KiBisogEiicg j 
^ .*+ *>*J*_\ Hriff aa^TON MABEY JR B«ijr 7-11-1 _ StoW 

- . ^ \***2 MM 4MWMaU»FBa0ar 6l6ft — 

~*'d 64 Drtra Easy. 7-2 Opening Kght.161 

r r BaidAiiitewM Own. 

■ -■ VT' 2 * ^ ANKAOH GUAM P Balter 6164. — — 

„ j' jt *t**^*£*i: 64 Drtra Eaay. 7-a Optetog Wfrt.161 
fV Cww>. 

**- i - 


By Mandarin , 

^ L30 JacnzzL 3J) Ashtone. 3.30 Pass Ashore. 4.0 
W Hyde. 4_30 Rainbow Lady 5.0 Lath 

3* - 


1 1 * ,2f JS4M BALACXBOOSHJ R Boitoy 7-11-2 

<f,' ■„ COLDHAWBOMt LAO (&of E JLWrar 546t ; P tot 

64 Mbs Herar Hyda,- 61 Bandtofcs. 61 Haadtoy Hto. 61 
Jarauia. 161 Btatfs wiripte, 14-1 Otewnsm. 


m 12 ) 

. 3 F303 
5 44* 

. -7 OFF* 

12 4F40 
17 1000 

• , ' 35*** MQHOCCOnOUHOHR O e ra tw 7-11-2^. 

*-* ^r. S9 oooo Jw»ASHDramp8Moaww7-iP2 — 

»y» -2M T0P0«SWboctoVl1-2___. 

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tranuifow tACTJE Lmf 1611 
■CABLE B088-A Meora 'Mfifl — 

NBA Mmt* 44M0 _____ GUoora 


L3S8 ahKttoodi, ii8ft>fiwraour Lad, 

jfen, 10-1 Mofccco-Bcwpd. . . 

‘ 31 0000 

***7-2. Rainbow. Lady- 4-1 Quito A MgNt 61 Btoe Dart. 61 
End of Era, 1 Wndbiaakar, 161 Ziperib. 


(6): \ • - 

4 2130 AUGHRA BOURA (C-O) J T Qlflord 1641-7 . Ettoupky 

5 FBM SratnaoRMNO DMGrtere061'M — 

6 P-08 LSTHWU. FUR P MtehN 1611-1- — 

11 0082 MERCY LESSti} M-J flahon 7-1043 — 

14 am POOR SON Vborepm MM60_ — 

16 00R1 POLiTBUnO(U6A] J J Bridget 6l60 — 

64 LeUh rat Ryer, TI-4 Auahra Boura, 4-1 Merry Lass, 61 
Bright Morning, B-i Poor Son. ra-i Poatbum. 

5.30 EBF STAKES 1W FLAT RACE (£978: 2mj (14) 

1 AROT1CCtBEF7MJBnaa57l1-5 « MbaSWaqQjhp) 


-5 6 FULL SPATE D W BwiwinflS-11^ - . ... — 

B • LE GRAND MAnXEG Roe !&-1 1-6 DKaM(7) 

7 nmotra LAD JI — 

14 CRASH CALL P Butter 61 1-0 — 

17. 0 FENNY ROSE MCPbe 5-11-0. — 

10, ■ ItEaftL NOP B Camyana A-11JI — ■ ■ 

23 • 4 KM8 NBBCID N A QnWt 4-10-9 A Mmtm (71 

.. zr 0 OUE OF THE LA BSRMtenalf 4-169 - ■ — 

28 ' ; STOCWMOKraMrsP Town*toy4-l69_______ — , 

.31 UDT CATCHER J R flapey 4-1 fM M Boday Ml , 

S' ..BHSNSBWSai5^S2-| 

■ 7-4 WaictianL S^Wno' tofad. S-tPunrw RnoaK-i- tiawi 

Noft'161 DnaOt.ThB Lacto.14-1 l^dyCMcfif- \ 

Leicester bolstered their con- 
fidence for the semi-final with a 
.15-1 1 victory at Neath. 

3D untoaa stated . . 

Firit division 

AiserraJ v Watford (11 JO) 

-A VMa v. Leicester City 
Ipswich v Coventry City 
Liverpool v Man Oty 
Man United v Evarton 
Mawcestiev Shell Wed 
■Not ti ngh a m For.v Bkirringham 
OPR v Chelsea (11.30) 
west Horn v Tortum (11-30) 

Second (fiviskm 
Bemsiey v HuddersMtf 
Brighton v Porte m outti (11-30) 
Chariton v Norwich (11-30) 
Futham v MBtwaO (11 JO) 
Leeds Unried v Btackbum R 
MkJdtesbf oogh v Cartste Utd 
ShefMd Utd v Sunderland 
Stoke City v Shrewsbwy 

ThW division - 

.Bolton v Blackpool 
Brentford v GMn^wm (13-0) 
Doncaster Hvrs v Yorik City 
Lincoln v ChesterfieW 
Newport v Bury 

■plyniouthirBitetolC (llJfl) 
Reac&ig v Bournemouth 
Rotherham v Darfington 
Swansea v Cardiff City 
Waisaflv Derby County * .(11-30) 

dMa t en: BOnbugh Academicals 32, 
Mbnaniock 3: SeSWfc 10. Wtesonians IB. 

' NORTHERN: AfUMVonder-Lyne 7. CHd 
AidwMans 3ft Btockheadi li Northern 
16: Chester 3, Preston Grasshoppers 15; 
CotoeS Neison 11, Manchester YMCA 19; 
Dovemry 19, Gostorlh 9: Durham City 6ft 

Manchester 9: Fykto 22. 

Ctouceatar 14. htoadnok 

Weatoe4: Leigh 3, Catoewrd 9: Macclea- 
Md 9. -Matiock 1ft Newfarktee 13. 
Wakefield 13: Plymouth 3. ShefteU 1ft 
Rountay 3. Orral 24; Rugby 3. Moriw 
22: Ruthin 19. New Brighton 12: Sato 25, 
Hawick 18; Sandbacb 9. Southport ft 
Saracens 24, Bradford 3 Btogtoy 3: VWto 
of Luna 15, Harttapooi Rotws ft Uckn 
22. Oe la Sato 3; Wtonkw 14. Bir- 
mingh an » 21 . 


8 7 0 1 141 105 87.50 

6 5 0 1 130 57 6333 

7 5 0 2 123 104 71^3 

3 2 D 1 68 32 6657 

9 8 0 3160118 0367 

6 3 0 3142 73 5030 

4 2 0 2 48 685ft00 

7 3 O 4 81 139 4258 
3 1 0 2 27 503333 

8 2 0 6 96146 2500 

5 1 0 4 72 982000 
8 0 0 8 77 175 00.00 

their morale collapsed after 
Jeffrey's try 

SCORERS: Scotiand; Tries: Jeffrey. S 
Hastings. Drums. P ads W toa: G Hastings 
fipJonraraloiia: Hastings (3). Ro mania: 
PeneHtee: Ignat <SV i ropped-goaL Ignat 
SCOTLAND: G HaBhngG. M Duncan, D 
Johnston. S Hastings, H Band, J Ruther- 
■ tord, R Lateiaw. A Brewster. C Deans 
(capt), I Mime, J Jeffrey. A Campbeft I 
Paxton, F Calder. J Beattie. 

ROMANIA: L Hodoarca. M Tender (re- 
placed by N CoplK A Lungu, V David. R 
Voinov, G Ignat. M Paraschiv (capt). I 
Bucan. M Muntaanu (rap: V Tufa), v 
Pascu. F Murariu. L Constantin, G 
Caragea, V GuQteft S Constantin. 
Ratoac R CUasmon (England). 

16 -group win 

En^antTs 16-group school 
side, m their only mteraationaJ 
of the season, beat Italy 20-14 in 
Verese, near Milan, on Saturday 
(david Hands writes). Harwood, 
the Edgware wing, had a particu- 
larly profitable lour, scoring a 
try, two penalties and a conver- 

25-7 midweek win against an 
Italian regional t ram, 

make it safe 

Edinburgh Academicals, by 

assured themselves of first di- 
vision rugby next season (lan 
McLauchian writes). 

The Academicals showed 


Saracens 5 4 0 1 80 52 BOM 

OrraB 4 3 O 1 83 41 75.00 

Coventry 6 4 0 2 102 65 B6 S7 

B teckhaeth 6 3 7 2 81 75 58.33 

Waterloo 7 4 0 3 128 73 67.14 

Rossiyn Pk 7 4 0 3 82 96 57.14 

L Irish 9 5 0 4126 95 55^5 

NTiampton 6 3 0 3 82 78 50.00 

LWawi B 2 1 3 95 82 4187 

Rtotenond 10 4 0 8128184 4000 
Bedford 9 2 0 7 81 206 22.22 

Uwpooi 5 1 0 4 43 64 20.00 


A try by Dun opened the 
scoring after six minutes follow- 
ing good work by Munro, and 
Academicals stretched their lead 
when Hartop scored a second 
try in the 25ih minute. 

With the interval approaching 
Stewart kicked a penalty for 
Kilmarnock, but in the second 
half it was all Academicals, with 
Dun, Munro, Hartop. McKie 
and Henry scoring tries. 

In the second division, 
promotion candidates Ayr lost 
heavily for the second week in 
succession, this time to 
Mosselbargh by 23-3. 
Musselburgh ran in four tries, by 
Hannaford(2), McLeod and 


Fourth tfivision 

Bumtey v Tranmere 
Chester v Cambridge 
Crews v Port Vale 
Hereford V Orient (7.30) 

North ton v Southend (7.30) 
Peterboro v Colchester 
Preston v Wrexham (7.30) 
Rochdale v Halifax 
Stockport v Mansfield (7.30) 
Swindon v Aldershot 

Scottish second division 

Albion Rv Dunfermline (7 JO) 

SOLA LEAGUE: Bwrow v Nuneaton: 
Chettentuun v Altrincham; Dagenham v 
Kkktenranster Danfort » WawKMOt; 
Maidstone v Stafford; Nontnrich v 
Tetfort: Rucom v Barnet; Scarborough v 
Boston; Weatescme v Bath; Wycombe v 

vtaton: Bognor Regis Town v Barking; 
Ctesnaton Athtefic v Otoricay Town: 
a Ewet v B Swrtort: Tooting 8 
t v DteMch Handec wonramaKHr 
Ava v Slough Town; WUkingham Town v 
Hayes p^B); WOrmng v Yeorf Town. 
FM dtvtekm: Broritoy v Maktenriaad utft 
Grays AStotto v Aratey; Lowes v Leyton 
Wingata.' Otiort Oty v Waton & H (130); 
Tilbury v Hampton; Wembley v 
LaatbariNud Second dhitatao north: 
Hertort Town v Wan: Haybrlrige Swifts v 
QB»om St P: RoystM Town v RaMorn 
Town; Saffron Wuten Tn v BarkhaiRSMd 
Town. S ec o nd dMakm s o u t h. Bracknell 
Town v Ho oflM i . Oori d ng vEahamTown; 

FfackweB Heath v a stbo u ma Utd: 
" fbury Town v Camberiay Town: Riia- 
Manor v Soubwldc Whytetoafa v 
stead Athletic. 

Rtiyt Gateshead v 

m: nonmwi v unoney: 

v vwttoa; Marine vSowhpon; 
Matlock v Burton (7-30); Mossiey v 
Buxton; Oswestry v Gaaowfon; South 

Worksop v Hyde 

LEAGUE; P re m ier (Melon: 
Alvachurchv Worcester (11. OK Aytesbury 
V Bukxptoke (llJJt Chelmsford v 

v Basingstoke (11.0); CM 
Crawler Oufley v lMtonhsB 
730t Fisher v Witney: Fc 

United v Carney Island; 

Whrenhoe Town; Cqgge 
Town: Eton Manor v East Ham 
United v East Thurrock; Makton 
Bumhsm; Stanstod v Sawbridgm 
dMaion: Aaindol v Utflehempion Town; 
Eastbourne Town v Buraess Htf Town; 
Hrt tsb am Town v Rfoonor: Horeham 
YMCA v Three Bridges,- hfcdhurst & 

Fareham: Gosport vWM 
RS Sout ha mp to n: King 1 : 

Shepshsd v Badworth. 


S0VVN3FF HUSH LEAGUE: Crusaders v 
Glento tan (2 30). 

don v Southan to Enfieid FCL 
Townv Sutton United jat Kingston ien FC) 
FESTIVAL: Liverpool Ramblers AFC. 
dMsten: Baaconsflald Utd v Northwood; 
Damon v RedhH; Hanwe* Town v 
Wtetham Abbey (11^1% Yeedteg v Pen- 
nant Senior d Ms te n: Penhfl Standard v 
U^sses. Hany Sundertsnd Shtekh North 
Graenfort v Southgate: Baridngside v Cor 
CasLESr, Caffort Warm v Ctwtgford. 
Stem Premier DMaten Cop: Second 
Roun* Fwford Town v Bteestar Town. 
Frantor dtiteten: Abingdon Town v 
Mastenhead Town: Aknondsbuty (Tway v 
Abingdon Utd; Hounslow Town v Yaw 
Town: Raynere Lan* v 

Shortwood Utd v Pegasus _ _ 

UHL vWaEngfortTwtuWantto* Town 
Supamartne fn^Q. Rrst OvSoo (Hi): 

B ^wo n v HazaBs; Btshopa Oaove v 
^terwwn; Ctenffekl v Avon Bradford; 
OktaX Town v Praaood Steel; Highworto 
Town v Viking Sports; Lantboum 
Orcenoaater Town; PsnhfiJ v 

Chichester City; Shorehem v Lancing: Jvwvst M 

Whttehawk vPeacehaven ATeiscomba. Chettenham; 1 


Prantor div isi on : Ash Urutsd v Famtuun Went Table ma 
Town: Chobham v Westfield; Cove v mi _ 

Primlay Green; Fartoigti Hovera v Mafclen MLKj 

Town: Hartley Wtetnay v Fleet Town; SLALOM LA 
Horiey Townv Malden vale: Merefoamv CesUetord v F 
Godabrtnfl Town: Virginia Water v buiyvHuUKRt 
Cobham. Huif v York; S* 

SOUTH MIDLANDS LEAGUE: Trophy: Si Helens; Wig 

Final second lag: Hoddeadon Town v SECOND DM 
SetorPJS. Praater dhriakue (aBILO). Bramiey v Kei 
Leighton Town v Eaton Bray Untacs . Baber; Roc 
Maton Keynes Borough v New BradweH woridnmon v E 
Sl Fettv; WinslowuMed v CranfleM 
United; Ashcroft Coop v Langford. I 

LEAGUE: Premter dMaten: Bakfock v rSJ! 

ft aww Bourns v Stamford: Braddey v 

— Oesborough « RotteraiU w£J™ftwo 

N^mton_ Spencer v Umg Buckby: 2E2K* vS2 

Potion v Hofoeach; St neots v 
S and U Corby v Stotfott 

vita) score. Stringer mused 
touch and Jenkins, collecting 20 
metres out, wriggled and darted 
for a superb try, which Cotter 
converted. Waterloo, with their 
eye on re-entry into Merit Table 
A, had won an important 

SCORERS: Waterloo: THex H a rt o p. 
Molyneux. Gallagher. JanHns. Penalty: 
Coster. Comraraten: Cotter. Wasps: lip 
Cartus. Penalties: Stringer 0- 
WATERLOO: J Tickle: N Hartop. P 
Janfdns. M Cotter. M Mohmuq I 
Aitchison. O Cartbot C Dew. B Tinsley, T 
Simon. S GaRaghar, J Syddafi (captakg, K 
Oubto. G Hay. L Connor. . 

WASPS: N Stringer S Smith. R Cardus 

S^bSw; G 

Hotmes. M DuffaSn. A Ischai. M Rigby, B 
Smith. C Pimiegaf, D Pagter (rap: K 
Bonner), M Rosa. 

Referee: M Edwards (Warwi cksh ire 

v London Welsh: Nort ha mp to n v 
Barnord; Nottingham v Nuneaton (7.15): 
One* v Otey: Penartn v Harlequins; 
Plymouth v Torquay: PiWypool v une»- 
ton Pontypndd v Bridgend: Saracens v 
Northern: Swansea v.MrtMrians: Water- 
loo v North of Snsfesstt Wamriow v 
Wakefield. Azurians v King's Norton; 
cation V Burton; Falmouth v Wateet; 
Klngsbridge v Harrow: Newquav Hornets 
v Tytoretown; Newton Abbot v ou R te e^ 
Ttenryn v Hayte: Redruth v Crawley; St 
Ives v Si Maty's H- c *~-‘ - 

Ives v St Maty's Hcmltel: Stroud v 
Chettenham; Truro v Old Ounstonians; 
Weston-super-Mare v Esher. P denotes 
Mont Trtue maerft 


Casttetard v Feetharstone (330); Dawp- 
buiyv HuM KR (330): Haktaav Wa rrington; 
Hulf v York; Swlraon v Saffort; Wktnes.Y 
Si Helens; Wigan v OfcXtam. 

SECOND DfVtelON: 8»ekpool tr.Lrtgh; 
Bramiey v Keigttoy (330k Doncesar-v 
Bat ley; Rocndaia v Runcorn H; 
Wortongton v Barrow (330). 


FESTIVALS: Mien: Blackpool, Bourne- 
mouth. Ctactoa Folkestone. Jersey. 
Loweston, Totbey, Weston- super -Mere. 
Weymouth, wartMng. Women; Pwrance, 

Southend. Weymouth. 



CLUB MATCHES: Aberawn v Neatfo BMi 
v Vale of Line. HacWieath v West 

Hartteport;Bndgwaterw Uverpoat Bristol 
v Gtamoraan Wndrs; Etww Vale v 
Tradegan btetar v Shetfielft Fyfoe v 
Bawwtgham: Gfoucaster v Biriunhaad 
Park; Gostarth v Halifax: Heatinday v 
Coraotry; Moseley vuanaflt NewtjfldQB v 
AbarDRar. Now Brighton v Wasps: Naw- 

SWiMMiNGt H ewtetHtoaart/ASA na- 
tional short course championships (at 
Barnet Copihatf pool, Hendon, 103 and 

REAL tennis: George wimpey i 


SQUABH RACKETS: Bournemouth Easter 
festival (at Wm Hants. Meyrick Park). 

&-T rastv..-. 

- ‘ > 



Spirit of the Cup moves at Hillsborough 

By a Correspondent 

Sheffield Wednesday - 0 
Liverpool 0 

“I have just told them it was a 
perfect dross-rehearsal for 
next Saturday,” Howard Wfl- 
ltinson, the Sheffield Wednes- 
day manager, remarked after 
his team's dour, tight match 
with Liverpool had. almost 
inevitably, ended goalless. 

That sounded like an invitar 
lion to stay away from this 
Saturday's semi-finals, in 
which Wednesday play 
Everton and Liverpool play 
Southampton. However, it 
did not dissuade the Wednes- 
day faithful who wound round 
Hillsborough to buy their cup 
tickets after this game bad 

Wilkinson had hit the nail 
on the head. Hillsborough, a 
regular semi-final venue, was 
fufi enough to be entertaining 
such a game, and the spectacle 
was more like one of those 
tense encounters than a 
League match throughout 
The tension was evident in 
some angry exchanges, and 
chances were few and far 

When they did come, they 
tended to be snatched at As 
Wednesday pressed forward, 
Snodin, Thompson; and 
Chamberlain saw opportuni- 
ties fleetingly come and disap- 
pear again as Liverpool's 
defence closed down sharply. 

Liverpool's opportunities 
were fewer but more clear-out. 
The endings were the same, 
hasty shots betraying Walsh 
and Mdby before and after 
half-time, the latter after 
Liverpool's best move of the 
match had for once opened up 
Wednesday's defence. 

Those occasions apart, Liv- 

erpool were content to sit 
.back, suggesting that 
Wilkinson's belief that they 
had come to avoid defeat was 
correct That analysis also 
offered justification for 
Dalglish's otherwise incom- 
prehensible decision to drop 
himself and recall Walsh after 
an absence of 1 1 games with 
an ankle injury. 

Walsh lasted 60 minutes, 
reportedly satisfied his man- 
ager before being replaced, but 
the success Madden bad in 
quelling Rush, who has been 
thriving since Dalglish's re- 
turn to the team, suggested 
that the Scottish international 
is still the difference between 
his team being a good one and 
genuine challengers for the 
League championship. 

Notwithstanding the loss of 
Worthington, their best player 
until he lunged into a tackle 
after 40 minutes and sprained 
knee ligaments which will rule 
him out of contention for a 
month. Wednesday could take 
marginally more satisfaction 
from the game. Wilkinson was 
particularly pleased with the 
disrilpine that his team 
showed, a measure of their 
progress in the last two sea- 

“We used to be a bit Roy of 
the Rovers about it bead 
down and charge." he ex- 
plained. That may be true, but 
it raises the thought that 0-0 
draws do not get you to 
Wembley - some time you 
actually have to score. 
Hodge; M Steriand. C Morris. L 
Madden. P Stmtfiff, N Worttiinqton 
(sub: M Chamberlain), B Marwood. 
G Meqson. G Thompson, C Shutt. G 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobbetaar: G 
GWespte. J Begtin. S Nicol. R 
Whelan, A Hansen, P Walsh (sub: K 
Macdonald), C Johnston, I Rush. J 
Mdby, S McMahon. 

Referee: P N VVUts (Co Durham). 


Cambridge show* 
their faith 
in steady state 

By Jim Ratlttra 

Cambridge's single-minded- threatened Mas SSnotwdi 
ness and steady-state tactics ' » ^ JjSlwSr Surrey, 
were the principal factors in the Green. 

tHeir coding a decade of defeats Oxfc«d s pik*. ^ng 

, wixh a seven-length victory over elected to SV ^P . . ^ h/v. 
Oxford in the 1 32nd Boat Race ip enlist a I &ster vOe™ ^ 
on Saturday. found ** SleDS 

These found their origins B y Chiswick 
perhaps months ago and were Cambridge's reward 
evident as Cambridge arrived sc*™*) lead - double « 
on their soke boat some five Hammersmith. It 
minutes earlier than Oxford Light Blues arrived « 

who. according to ray wateh, Monlake 21 seconds aneaa oi * 
arrived on time, if somewhat dispirited Oxford. 

hurriedly and » the displeasure Cambridge flapped thdr arms 

of Mike Sweeney, the umpire. in a y^y salute at the foush 
Cambridge's ploy concentrated giant seagulls. On . jMg 

their minds wonderfully. Pritchard revealed Cambridge 

Although the weather threat- “After our init ial y i* 

He shall not pass: Hansen, of UverpooL closes the door on Wednesday's Shaft 

Atkinson a study in frustration 

Spurs capitalize 
on two mistakes 

chances th ere »m fierce 

commitment but time nnesse (sub' p Mar***). g ro* 

and it was appropriate that the notame p vanes (Wrot Midlands). 

Enfield's double still possible 

Bf Vince Wrisht only goal arose from a mistake, 

J ^ or rather two mistakes. Thirty. 

t ,‘ iTI il.Ti Untrn„r 1 two minutes had elapsed when 
Tottenham Hotspur ...... l Galvin was allowed a free 

Arsenal 0 header into Arsenal's penalty 

- area: Lukic's punch was weak 

For almost the first time this and poorly directed and Sie- 
season the pressure is off Peter yens, who typified Tottenham's 
Shreeve, the Tottenham determination, seized on the 
Hotspur manager. His position loose ball to score. 
tasbemui^ lhra; because of There were no such envois 

s . from Cl era race, who showed his 

Engtandpcdigrce with fine saves 

has suddenly shifted fromwSte 

ham near ^end when Mari- 
ner - Arsenal's substitute, was 

?SieSSS%roWems ^hJ poised to snatch an equalizer. 

sports pages. Hoddle provided a memo- 

Ftiday’s walk-out : by Howe rable moment after 34 minutes 
and John Cartwright, the dub's with a blistering 30-yard drive 
chief coach, was the last thing which struck the base of the 
that Arsenal wanted before a posL This signalled the start of a 
match of this importance. It purple patch by Tottenham 
must have been difficult for which lasted until half-time, 
them to concentrate on the job However, they spent the 
in hand. By contrast, remainder of the match mostly 
Tottenham's preparation was on the retreat as Arsenal moved 
smooth and low-key. In view of up a gear. 
ail thjfr , Arsenal are entitled to 

fed pleased with their contribu- iQi fao iAW ho tspur: R Ctamenra: 

tinn ^armdav’fi match which P Allan, D Thomas. G Roberta, P Mller, G 


By Simon Barnes 

Birmingham City 1 

Manchester United 1 

Football's a fanny game, 
Brian. In other games — games 
of the nnfanay variety — you 
know that an in finitely superior 
side will almost always smack 
the little gays mat of sight On 
the rare occasions they do not, 
you have a feast Bat such stuff 
is the daily bread of football. 

In terms of form, price, and 
doubtless breeding and potential 
stnd value, yoa woold hack 
Manchester United's II *r 
footballers to pot it over any 
ordinary banch of also-rans. Bat 
Birmingham City, as ordhtary a 
bunch as yon conid wish for — 

players who are aot even house- 
hold names in their own house- 
holds— left their elegant visitors 
staggering about and ottering 
♦frantic that they got a draw. 

It scans impossible that men 
like Hughes, with his penchant 
for frifeyin* them in from 
shoulder-high, Strachan with 
his Human Torch imperson- 
ation. Robson with his 1— tic 
commitment, or even W M tesUo t 
with the most culti v ated left 
elbow in the game, corid not 
serve vp a feast of footbtfl. 
Those who were there hoping to 
see the triumph of pnre skill left 
disappo in ted. 

However, there was 
compensation to be fond in the 
face of Ron Atkinson. Atkinson, 
the Urited mana g er , the man 

who makes Whiteside's dhow 
look subtle, felt it all so much 
mare sandy. He was vibrating 
like a toning fork after the 
match, a man filled with on- 
discharged tendons, tapping his 
feet Ike Fred Aatrire, and 
tf n unrfaa Bke darner Baker 
with uTfingetm. HeSosfced Uke 
a Ma r c e l Mareeaa mime en- 
tftfed Ta Fnatratian'*. 

Far k was all brpwtog 
again. Far Atkinson, the 
championship b Bke a Mr of 
soap: never sa Inaecmety held as 
when mod tightly grasped. The 
great prtae stems to have 
sq uirted from Us hands once 
mb, It seemed so safely 
ctespsd a few months bock. 
Handysides's goal was a terrible 
setback, and even when Robson 

popped op to score an equal- 
izer, it was not really enough. 

Atkinson is left wriggling and 
Pg gi'no and wondering what to 
deC H» central defender, Hig- 
gins, broke au arm in a foil, and 
fee can't bring Moran back in 
became Moran has, yes, a 
broken ana. Dear old Stapleton 
might play as centre-half today. 
United do not look like the side- 
that earned all before them in I 
September. A fanny game, foot- ! 
ban. But I didn't notice Atkinson , 

fimous and Detore a strotM was * away j never ratenoea, w 
rowed things appeared “ « made, any spurts whatever Ox- 
going Oxford's way. They won fonl intended to throw at 
the toss of the gold sovereign Qnce we set off it was a soUd 
and without hesitation chose one-pace effort. The crew rowed 
Surrey, the obvious station of a blinder, ah our eight cylinders 

the day. finely tuned and firing 

News must have filtered efficiently. Our coxswaii? 
down (he river while Oxford seCTet j a magnificent course, 
wanned up of the spectacular Those simple tactics, which 
and unexpected victory of Isis months to perfect, worked 
over Goldie while rowing on the a ^ Cambridge not only 
middle station. las rowed the braJce Oxford's 10 -year domi- 
Cam bridge reserves down. nance but also set the sixtb- 

But Oxford’s fortunes stopped fastest time ever, 
abruptly at that poinL The oxford UMVBtSCTfc Q iiteri* 
umpire quickly had both crews ( g 
off on their four and a quarter bwwten (St 

mile voyage to Mortlake and otave^OrplngKyi and Worcaswrfc G R D 
Cambridge appeared to lead 

from the first stroke. uSwraay C H CM: 

Cambridge were quickly into jc^tonm UrtvwSywIdllnhwtojifc a 
a purposeful stride and under- Uwngahjn icajjtomta unh raratty 
rating Oxford and by the end of g"*** • 
the Putney boat houses had a r H ^testW5' ammb*** Chnst 

lead ofjust over half a length. By OwrchLcox. 

the mile post Cambridge led by aumftfoaEi v "SSSL^tSl?Z 
almost two lengths and were 

dictating the race. Haa); J D Hoghea (Bedford Mo dwnand 

Cambridge shot under 

Hammersmirn Bridge over two h ttmjaon CcAego, 

lengths dear with their stroke, Southampton Unnwmity and Magdi*vx)t 
John Pritchard, maintaining a 
topixm productive stnde which 

was from the outset their hall- (Afcca Otttoy and BtzMHarci. cox. 
mark of success. Oxford were WlgUEixATE l Mfca (Ga mortd gB Brat): 

ola magic was not there. - - — — -* v - — - — — — 

Only one threat remained and 
that was the water along the 
ChiWtckand Comey reaches. It 
was rough but no white horses 

■— M G H AW CITY: D Saman. R 

Hlftfon, D twOOVafoal IWCan, M anaMf, 
M KbH, D Bmmnar, W Clartca, B Wriabt. I 
HmdysMtta, R Nopkm. 

Gkhnan, A AtefMon, N WMaaiOa. P 
McGrath, M Hankta, B Robaon. G 
Sanctum, ■ H&gfos, J* Qawwiport, C 
Gteoa (mA: F SMXataa). 

wefc Steps. 10A4. J0-56: Bernes Bridge. 
14.48. 1557: FMsh, 17-58, 18.19. fc- 
aanm craw rac* Iflts beet Gotte tr/ 7sec 
in 18 mm 45 sac. 

David Miller, back page. 


Fashanu a law 
unto himself 

Rivals hope Hearts 
will miss a beat 


Sansom. S Wfcms. DCTLaary. M K«wn. 
M Hayas. D RocasUe. C NWiotes. N CUnn 

If Enfidd achieve their am- 
bition this year of a Gola League 
and FA Trophy double, they are 
likely to look back on John 
Docker's goal on Saturday as a 
crucial point in their season 
(Paul Newman writes). Docker's 
equalizer four minutes from the 
end of the home leg of the north 
London side's Trophy semi- 
final ag ainst Altrincham secured 
a 1-1 draw in front of a crowd of 
1,804. Altrincham, who lost 4-1 
at home to Enfield in the League 

a fortnight ago, had taken the 
lead early in the second half 
when Newton scored from the 
penally spot after Howell had 
fouled Reid. 

Defences were firmly in con- 
trol of the other tie, in which 
Kettering Town secured a 
goalless draw at Runcorn in 
front of a crowd of 2J00. 
Harrison hit a post for Kettering 
after four minutes but chances 
were few and far between there- 

By Nicholas Harling 

Portsmouth — : ..1 

Wimbledon 1 

The flak fairly flew at Fratton 
Park on Saturday. On the pitch 
there was the bantamweight 
contest between Kennedy and 
Galliers and the heavyweight 
one involving Fashanu and 
Blake. And off it there was the 
verbal jousting between the 
respective m a na gers. Oh, and 
there was a little football in 

The only incident of note in a 
first half devoid of creative 

imr flMCA«it l a vMtenltlr 

save from O’Ca lla g h an after 
Sanchez had brought down 
Hilaire. With the wind in the 
first half giving way to a second 
half downpour, and the slippery 
surface now conducive to the 
sliding tackle or whatever other 
challenge that came thudding in, 
the entertainment value im- 
proved. if mostly for the wrong 
reasons. Not the least of them 
was the way the rampaging 
Fashanu put himself about after 
Blake had swept Portsmouth 
ahead from O’Callaghan’s cor- 

Fashanu was picking up 
where he had left off in midweek 
when playing for his previous 
club. Millwall. at Portsmouth. 

But like the good law student he 
is, Fashanu mounted an ex- 
cellent defence to the accusa- 
tions levelled at him afterwards 
by Alan Ball. The Portsmouth 
manag er had accused him of 
elbowing three players and of 
buttrag Gilbert in the tunnel as 
the players left the field. “There 
seems to be a campaign to 
blacken my name if that is 
possible,’’, the eloquent 
Fashanu said-“ If I am leaving a 
trail of destruction behind me. 
then I am sorry. There was talk 
of me coming to Portsmouth. I 
wonder if it is still ■on.” 

Within three ntnmtes of com- 
ing on as substitute, Fashanu 

viva! which led to Smith's 
beaded equalizer. With Ports- 
mouth distracted by having to 
keep more than one eye on 
Fashanu. Gilbert was almost 
panicked into an own goal and 
Smith had another header 
cleared off the line by 
O'Callaghan. And aQ the while 
Kennedy and Galliers contin- 
ued to pile into each other as 
though determined not to be 

PORTSMOUTH* Knight K Smto, P 
Hardynon. M Tart (sub: K Mon). N Btaho. 
W Gilbert. K O'CaXagrian. M Kanfwdy. M 

By Hugh Taylor 

Wmmtjum, S GoBars, M Monts, M Smith, 
S Evans, A Cork, P Ftahandon (sub: J 
Fashanu). L Sanchez. C FakwaaSwr. 
R*fome: R Grows (Weston-super-Mare). 

The most exciting finish in 
the 10-year history of the pre- 
mier division was assured when 
aD four contenders for the 
Scottish championship won 
crucial matches on Saturday. 

Heart of MModnaa, the head- 
era, remain favourites. Showing 
little sign of tension, and still 
playing with commendable 
style, they beat Raagera 3-1 at 
Tyuecastie with goals from 
Ro b er tson (2) and dark. This 
win extended their unbeaten run 
to 27 games, equalling the 
League mad Cup record set by 
Rangers in 1976. Rangers, 
whose goal was scored by 
McGoist, faded to reveal the 
form so enthusiastically ap- 
plauded by their s u p porters 
against Celtic the previous 

While Alex MwDonald, the 
Hearts manager, felt his side 
had been fortunate to win, his 
opposite number, Jock Wallace, 
asserted that Hearts “were 
certainties to take the League 
title." If they do, they will owe 
much to their young striker, 
Robertson, who has scored 
lOgoats in the last eight games. 

Hearts, however, are by no 
means out on their own. D—d re 
United, their closest challengers, 
five points behind bat with two 
games in band, had a satisfying 

1-0 win over their Tayside 
rivals, Dundee, at Dens Park. 
They were more sophisticated 
than their aggressive opponents, 
and Gough, who is fast becom- 
ing the country's outstanding 
defender, scored with a superb 

Aberdeen beat Motherwell i> 
0 at Hr Park, thanks to a goal 
from Hewitt, but they had 
reserve goalkeeper Gunn - 
deputizing for the injured Leigh- 
ton - to thank for keeping than 
in the title roe. He made two fine 
saves to allow the champions to 
maintain their challenge. They 
are now seven points behind 
Hearts, with two matches in 

A 54) win over Clydebank 
enabled Celtic to stay in conten- 
tion. although they are nine 
points behind the leaders, with 
three matches in hand. After a 
deplorable first half they gave 
their struggling opponents a 
lesson in scoring, with goals 
from McClair (3), Bums, and 

As the leading contenders 
have to play' each other before 
the season ends, even more 
excitement is promised for spec- 
tators who have relished the 
most engrossing football played 
in Scotland since the Second 
World War. 






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Today’s television and radio programmes 


Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davaile 

i i. 




’ '••i* 


BBC 1 


*50 Br — te fag tnwAwrtn Frank 
Bough and DebOte 

- Greenwood. Waatfterat 
655,755.755, *25 and 
*55; regional news, 
weather and travel at 6-57, 
757,757 and *27; 

■■ ■ ■ national and international 
news at 7.0*750,850, 

. *30 and 9.00; sport at . 
750 and *20. Plus, Lynn 
. Faulda Wood's consumer 
:■ report; pop music news; - 

horoscopes; Anne 
. Robinson's television 
Choice; and Ken 

- LMngstone fri his office on 
the last day of his 

. leadership of the GLC. 
'950 Roland Oafs Easter 
v . Extravaganza.beginning 
- with Laesfe. The . 
resourceful canine comes 
to the eld of a scuba diver 

- > . trapped underwater, (r) 
*45 Why Don't YouJ? 

■ - Entertaining ideas tor 
. children with time on their 
hands 1*15 Jackanny. 
..Brian Cent with part one of 
Jan Mark's,- Handles, fr) 

. . 1*30 Way School, (ri . 

- 1050 Popeya Double HR. 
Two cartoons. , 

1155 FBm: Don’t Change My 
V World (1976) starring Roy 
. .Tatum and Edie Kramer. A 
' wildlife 

nature spot Is 
tourists and 
devises a 

them ail away. Directed by 

- Robert Rector., . '• 

1250 News After Noon with 

Richard Whitmore, 
includes news headlines 

- T. with subtitles 1*40 
.Regional news and 
1 weather. 12*5 The 
. Flumps, (r) 1.00 Cartoon. 

My Little Buckaroo 1.10 
.. The Galactic Garden. A 
revised version of the 
adventure set bn a garden 
. .. . flowerbed. With Andrew . 

Sachs and Sarah Nevffle. 

. (Ceefax) 

255 Him: Tha Magnificent 
Showman (1964) starring - 
ohn Wayne, Claudia 
— -ardrnale and Rita 
_ Hayworth. An American 
circus owner decides to 
take Ns show to Europe, 
but an accident in 
"Barcelona destroys his 
. plans, but love and 
versatility save the day. 

' Directed by Henry 
Hathaway; (Ceefax) 

-450 Swinging, The Hewlett- 
Packard SA National Short 
—Course Championships, 
“introduced from Bamet 
Cbpthaft Pool. Hendon, by 
Alan Weeks and Hamilton 
. Bland. 450 Final score. 
555 News with Richard 
. Whitmore. Weather. 5.15 
Regional news. 

550 Usnsy Tim* Mike smith 
introduces a selection of 
'. cartpons. 

655 international Super 
.Circus; from the BiqTi 
Torbay, introduced 
.1 ' Franco. Performers 
five countries display thee 1 
acrobatic tiktUs. 

. .... .Z50.Wagm.Tltt guests 
.’... *“ ' include Bryan Ferry, 

Frankie Howerd, Marti 
’■ Cairo, Denis QuiDey and 
George Hearn, an^Abyi 
'.•* Titdwn ar sh. 

- i 750 Bob’s Easter FuH House. 
introduces another four 
-*- contestants to his 

* electronic bingo game. 

; ' . ' .(Ceefax) : 

„ M5 Dear John- The final 

r . episode of the comedy 

. aeries about* 

*! schoolteacher whose wife 

walked out on him. 

>> ■- &arrtna Ralph bates. 

- v 




fii, Vh 


"1 '*’■« 


:: ik 





’J 150 News with Richard 
. . Whitmore. Weather. 

*10 A.D. - Anno Domini. Part 
two of the five-episode 
spectacular tracing the 
- • tarth of Christianity and 
... the decline of the Roman 

- JEmpire. (Ceefax). 

105$ Match of the Day. Jimmy 
' H31 introduces hlgniights 
" 'from two of this 

- - afternoon's Canon League 
.. .First Division games, tgne 

- commentators are John 

- Matson and Barry Davies. 
1155 Late Night in Concert. 

• “ : REO Speedwagon 
: : recorded last year at the 
. Kernper Arena. Kansas. 
1255 Weather. 

750 Wide Awake Club Bonk 
Hofiday Special, 
presented bv Tommy 
- Boyd, Arabia Walker, and 
James Baker. Prince 
Edward talks about his 
•- involvement in the 30 
anniversary of the Duke of 
EcUnOurghs Award 
Scheme, answering 
questions from James 
Baker about the part he 
' has playetfin the Awards. 

. Thereto also film of the 
Prince playing one of his 
favourite -sports, Real 
Tennis. Plus, pop videos, 
cartoons end magic. 

News, weather and! 
at 7.0* *00 and *( 


95S Disney at Easter, featuring 
Donald Duck. 

*30 mm: Gentle Giant (1967) 
.starring Dennis Weaver, 
Vera Miles and Ralph 
Meaker. Adventure story 
about a young boy who 
befriends a bear 
cub.Directed by James 

11.00 BMX Beat Alastsir Rrrie 

. . and Andy Ruffefl Introduce 
coverage of the 
Schweppes UK BMX - 
Freestyle Television 

1150 Disney at Easter. Two 
cartoons - The Legend of 
Ho Bow and All the 
ioln In. 

1*00 Gymnastics. The Mirror 
USSR Display introduced 
by Sally McNair from 
Wembley Arena. 

150 News. 

155 FBm: Journey to the Far 
Side of the Sun (1969) 
starring Ian Hendry, Roy 
Thinnes and Patrick 
Wymark. Science fiction 
adventure about a group 
of space travellers who 
discover a planet with the 
exact orbit a9 Earth on the 
other side of the sun. 
Directed by Robert 

255 International Motor 
Cycling. The concluding 
events of the Shell Oils 
Transatlantic Challenge 
between Britain and the 
United States. 

445 News and sport 

555 Disney at Easter. 


550 Film: Condorman (1981) 
starring Michael Crawford 
and Oliver Reed. Woody 
Windns is the author of a 
series of adventure books 
for children. To lend 
authenticity to his plots ha 
always tests them himself. 
When he Is asked to 
dafiver some diplomatic 
papers he jumps at the 
chance, thus beginning a 
series of hair-raising 
adventure* Directed by 
Charles JarrotL 

750 What's My Line? Eamonn 
Andrews presents the first 
Of a new series of the 
. tong-rurmJng panaJ game. 

Trying to guess the odd 
. occupations this evening 
are Ernie Wise. Jiffy 
Cooper, Barry Sheene, 
Barbara Kelly and George 

.750 Coronation Street is it 
only Susan's 21 st birthday 
party. that Ken is planning? 

550 The Benny HR! Show. 
Another selection of 
sketches, larded with 
fnuendo. . 

9.00 New* 

*15 Ffim: An Officer and a 
Richard Gere, Debra 
Winger and Louis Gossett 
Jr. After spending his 
adolescence in the 
. flesh pots of the 
PhiMppfnes, Zack Mayo 
decides to get away from ft 
aA by enlisting in Port 
Rainier’s Naval Aviation 
Candidate School but - 
before he can get Ms 
hands on his beloved jets 
he has to endure 13 weeks 
intensive physical, 
academic and 
psychological tests. 

Directed by Taylor 
Hackford. (Oracle) 

1155 Pump Boys arid Dinette* 
An abridged version of the 
musical about four garage 
hands and two waitresses 
from a nearby diner. 


Nigel Hawthorne and Sarah 
Badel in The Lady's not for 
Banting (Radio 4, 8.15pm). 

4,1 0,00pm)4n account of 
British film censorship in the 
1930s. makes astonish mg 

viewing, not least because Julian 
Pettifar, who presents 
it. manages to keep a straight 
face and calm voice when 
everything around him is 
ludicrously is 
not so much the endless list of 
prohibited themes and words 
that causes our disbelief in these 
liberal times as the shrieking 
ineptitude of the vattara as 
revealed in their 
correspondence and in records 
of their deliberations .Cinema 
snoopers ware aghast at the 
outbreak of winking that 
broke out among members of trie 
audience when the word 
"wives" was mentioned Xow on 
tnaDofa was censured 


because it dwelt on the "tragic 
and sordid side of 
poverty ".when it was apparent to 
the rest of the nation that 
poverty did not have any other 
side to it One script examiner 
did not know what twirp or 
piddling meant - so out they 
went Out, too, want nappies, 
nuts, sax appeal, harlot and 
pansy-faced. Yet, when Grace 
Fields and her mill-worker 
chums were sacked in Sing as 
WO was regarded as 
fine and proper for the jobless to 
be singing their hearts out as 
may qurr me mill and entered a 
bleak and hopeless future 
•I can praise only Act 1 of 
Jonathan Miller's studio 
production of COSI FAN 
TUTTE (BBC 2,7.40pm).That is 

. an i had time to see. if Act 2 is 

1 as well sung .as orchestra I ly 

thniting, as pleasingly set and 
as skrfuily grouped as Act i , then 
you are in for treat tomghtlf 
you find the TV sound not all that 
rf should be. turn it off and go 
for the simultaneous stereo 
transmission on Radio 3. 

•Other highlights: Olivier's 
Henry V. a visual and aural 
treasure-house (BBC 
2.455pm); the first of the "Road" 
comedies. Road to Singapore 
/Channel 4. 3.00pm) which is 
ideal holiday fare:and a new 
production of Christopher Fry's 
elegant verse play The Lady's 
nor for Burning (Radio 4, 

8.15pm!. witn Nigel 
Hawthorne and Sarah Badel 
heading a dream of a cast. 

Peter Davaile 

BBC 2 

950 Ceefax. 

1255 Harold 

from two erf the 
comedian's classic stents 
- Speedy, and A Jazzed 

Honeymoon, (ri 
1245 WindmBL Chris Series 
dips into the BBC’s ffim 
and video archive a 
selects dips from 
programmes dealing with 
food including the 
Panorama April FooTs 
Item on tha spaghetti tre* 


1.55 Fbr Memory. A British FOm 
Institute production on the 
theme ofl history. With 
contributions from former 

war camarmen; the 

National Trust Young 
People's Theatre; and 
historian E-P.Thompson. 
345 The Paper Chase. 

American-imported series 
set in a law school. 



I Renee 
- Asherson. Magnificent 
version of Shakespeare's 
drama enhanced by 
william W&lton's score 
and Laurence O&vier's 
. depth of ^rectorial vision. 
*50 The Natural Worfd. A 

liar profile of tha 

r. Tha narrator b 
Anthony Valentine. 

7.40 Coal fan hrtte. The 
premiere of Jonathan 
MUer'a production of 
Mozart's comic opera in 
two act* It teifs about the 
r between a cynical 
* 'and two 
young friends who are 
convinced of their 
fiancees' fidelity. To test 
that they are correct in 
their assumption the two 
men pretend to enlist in 
the army and then return, 
disguised, in order to test 
their ladies' resolve. 

Ashley Putnam, Thomas 
Hampson, John Rawnsley. 
Rosemary Ashe and Jean 
Rigby head the cast with 
the London Sinfonietta 
and the Ambrosian opera 
Chorus, in tha eight 
minute interval at 
approximately 957, Peter 
Conrad traces the history 
of the opera. 

1045 Joan Rivera: Can We 

Talk?. Miss Rivers and her 
....... . co-nost Peter Cook are 

joined oy Susan Georg* 
Marvin HamUsch, Ray 
Parker Jr„ Cynthia Payne, 
and the incomparable Sir 
Les Patterson, the 
Australian Cultural Attache 
to the Court of St Jama* 
1155 Weather. 

Jean Rigby (left) as DorabeJla, 
and Ashley Pntnau as 
Fiwdiligf In Cost Fan Tatte 
(BBC 2 , 740 pm) 


150 Channel 4 Racing from 
Kampton Park. Brough 
Scott introduces covers 
of three races -the 
Stakes (1.45): the 
Capitalcard Handicap 
Stakes (2.15); and the 
Rosebery Stakes (2.45). 

*00 Film: Road to Singapore* 

f. Bob Rope and 
Lamour. This first 
in the 'Road' series of 
films finds Bing and Bob 
on the run from irate 
fathers wanting them to 
make honest women of 
their daughters. The flee 
to an island to the south of 
Singapore where they find 
themselves vying for the 
affections of the exotic 
Mima, but triers Is a third 
suitor in the fearsome 
shape of Caesar (Anthony 
Quinn). Directed by Victor 

450 Countdown. To launch a 
new series of the 
anagrams and mental 
arithmetic competition, the 
best eight players from the 
last four series take part in 
a Championship of 
Champions. Today, Clive 
Spate, the number one 
seed meets Peter Evans, 
seeded number eight 
550 Cfiek, CBck, COek. A 

selection of animated films 
made by chUdren of an 
age6 from around the 
world, covering a vast 
range of topics from the 
Olympics to world peace. 
Written and presented by 
Antoinette Moss* 

850 News summary and 

weather followed by FBm: 
Where No Vultures Fty 

and Dinah Sheridan. 
Adventure story about a 
game reserve 
ten and his battles 
with rvory poachers. 
Directed by Harry Watt. 

850 Brooksid* Pat's plans to 
date Sandra are thwarted 
when she is given a lift 
home by a young doctor. 

850 Mysttrimrf Peru: the 
Mysteries of the Canal* 
This second and final 
programme of tha series 
examines trie enigma of 
Peru's highly 
sophisticated Irrigation 

system that was built in 
about HOOand^hen • 
abandoned The peasants 
of eight Gentries ago 
cultivated more than 40 
percent land than do their 
present-day successors. 

950 kate and Affi* Comedy 
series starring Susan 
Saint james and Jane 
Curtin as two old friends 
who deckle to face the 
problems of single 
parenthood together. 
1050 The Secret Diaries of the 
Film Censor* A 
documentary dramatizing 
the deliberations, opinions 
and prejudices of the 
British Board of Film 
Censors during their 
troubled period in the 
Thirties. With Stratford 
Johns and Miriam 
Margolyes. Presented by 
Julian Pettifer. (see 

1150 The Eleventh Hour An 
Island Built on CoaL A 
documentary about the 
change in attitude of coal 
and the 

rce since the early 
days of rationalisation In 
1947. Ends at 12.15. 


Radio 4 


0r> long wave. VHF stereo 
variations are given at end or Radio 
4 listings. 

5.55 Shipping Forecast 6.00 News 
Briefing: Weather. 6.10 
Farming Week. An interview 
with a leader of the 
agricultural industry, 
followed by e five-day 
weather forecast for 
farmers. 6.25 Prayer far 
me day (s) 

*30 Today. Incl 650, 750 
8.30 News 655, 755 
Weather 7.00, 8.00 News 
755, 8.25 Sport 7.45 
Thought for the Day 
855 The Week on 4 witn 
r Bnan Perkms 
8.43 Star Smashers of the 
Galaxy Rangers (new 
senes) Harry Hamson's 
book m episodes read by 
Kerry Shale (s) 857 Weather 
9.00 News 

955 Funny You Should Sing 
That Paul Nicholas 
examines the contribution of 
semus music to the far- 
from- serious song. 

1050 News: Money Box. 

Financial advice with 
Lomse Boning 
1050 Morning Story: Goat 
Rida by Patnoa 
Highsmrth. The reader is 
Crawford Leg an 
10.45 Daily Sennce (New Every 
morning, page 34) (s) 

11.00 News: Travel; Down 
Your Way. Brian 
Johnston visits the City of 
Norwich 10 (s) 

1148 Poetry Please! Verse 
requested by listeners. 
Presented by □ J Enright 
read by June Barrie and 
Patrick Romer. 

1250 News; Prophets, 

Charlatans and Littte 
Gurus. Five profiles by Ray 
Gosling (l)Corm 

1257 Jarvis's Frayn A series of 
aided observations 

S chael Frayn. With 
n Jarvis playing an 
the roles (s) 12.55 Weather 
150 The World At One: News 
140 The Archers 155 
Shipping Forecast 
250 News; Woman's Hour. A 
special Easter Monday 
countryside edition and 
episode four of the 
Easter Lilies, read by Joanna 

350 News: The Afternoon 
Play 'A Hundred Years 
OkT by Serefin and Joaqum- 
Atvarez Quintero. With 
Lockwood West as the old 
man <s> (r) 

450 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear the long 
interview with Spike Milligan, 
first broadcast on Good 
Friday (r) 

550 PM: News magazine 550 
Shipping Forecast 555 


6.00 The Six O’clock News 
650 Take Me to Your Reader. 

Tim Brooke-Taylor in I 
though I'd Never Stop. 

Comedy series about a 

firm of book publishers. With 
Glyn Houston and Joan 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

7.20 On Your Farm 

7.45 Science New Peter 
Evans reviews 
discoveries and 

8.15 The Monday Play- The 
Lady s Net lor Burning 
bv Christopher Fry With 
Niaei Hawthorne and 
Sarah Badel. Polisned 
comedy, set m the year 
1400 (si 

945 Kaleidoscope. The 

background story to tup 
sragmq of Michael Clark's 
ballot. Thursday the I3tn. 

10.15 A Book a; Bedtime: 'A 
Perfect Spy' written and 
read by John Le Care (ii> 
10.29 Weather 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 News: Belfast's Man of 
Music - Derek Beil. Helen 
Madden talks to Derek Bell, 
classical musician and 
composer, about his music 
ana life 

1250 News; Weather 
1253 Snipping Forecast 
VHF (available m England and S 
Wales only) as above except' 5.55- 

6.00 am Weather; Travel 955- 

10.00 Cat's Whiskers (new senes) 
five programmes in Easter 
Week for cnildren under- 12. 
including plays, songs and 
quizzes: 9.10 Asterix and the Big 

Fight 950 The Iron Man 940 Dr 
Jekyjl and Mr Hollins (s) 1-55-2.00 
pm For Schools: Listening 
Corner (SI 5.50-5.55 PM 

( Radio 3 ) 

655 Weather. 7.00 News 

7.05 Morning Concert :Beriioz 
( Rob Roy overture). 

Handel (Concerto Grosso No 
2B in F. tor doublB 
orchestra). Liszt (Grand 
galop chromatique' 

Baiet. piano). Rubbra 
(improvisations on 
virginal pieces by Giles 
Famaby). 8.00 News 

8.05 Mormng Concert (contd): 
Rossini (Strmg Sonata 
No3L Cham made 
(Intermede. Op 36 No 1: 
Beyer and Dagul, pianos). 
Mendelssohn] Octet in E 
Oat; l Musici). 9.00 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Mozart Finale of Act 1 of 
Don Giovanni (with Milnss in 
the title rote. Vienna PO. 
Vienna State Opera Chorus) . 
also March. K 

290. Divertimento in D. K 205: 
Twe minuets with 
contradansas. m F and B flat. 
K 463; German Dance in 
F. K600 No 2i 

1050 Wolfgang Manz: piano 
recital- Schumann 
(Waldsnenen, Op B2). Frank 
Martin (Eight Preludes) 

10.45 Engbsh Recorder Music 
Abingdon Consort play 
works oy Lennox Berkeley 
(Allegro). Fncker (Suite). 
Britten (Scherzo). Rubbra 

(Nottumo). Tippett (Four 
inventions), Imogen Hoist 


11.15 Musk: from Vienna: BBC 
Welsh SO under Robert 

Tear.WKth isooei Buchanan 
(soprano). Mozart 
(overture: Deh vreni non 
tartar; Voi che sepete. 
from Mamage of Figaro). 
Haydn (Symphony No 
94). Brahms (Hungarian 
Dance No 5 (works by 
Lehar. and Joharni Strauss 
(including Accelerations 
Waltz and The Blue Danube). 
1.00 News 

155 Thomas Alton and Roger 
Vignotes: baritone and 
piano recital. Schumann 
(Uederkreis. Op 24). 

Faure (L'horizon chimanque. 
Op 118). Mussorgsky 
(Songs and Danoes of Death) 
250 Music Weekly: includes 
interviews with Manlyn 
Home and the composer- 
conductor Lukas Foss (r) 

2.45 New Records: Rimsky- 
Korsakov (Russian 
Easter Festival Overture). 
Bortnransky (Sacred 
Concerto No 15: Come let us 
sing of the Lord's 
Resurrection), Tcherepnin 
(Sonanne romantiqua. 

Op 4: Lemer. piano). Dvorak 
(Trio in E minor. 

Dumsky), Sibelius 
(Symphony No 1: City ot 
Birmingham SO). 455 News 
5.00 Art is a Matter of Lying a 
Little: Documentary 
about tne Cinema, presented 
by Nigel 

Andrews. Contributors 
include Michael Powell. 
Robert Altman and Martin 

5.40 The LSO play works by 
Cruseli (Clarinet 
Concerto No 2-with Thea 
King, soloist), and Barber 
(Symphony No 1) 

650 Music for the iron Voice-, 
organ recital by Gillian 
Weir, includes works by 
Langlais (Dialogue sur 
les mixtures). Bach (Partita O 
Got! du from mar Gott). 
Raison nand S week nek 
(Fantasia cnoromabca ) 

7.10 WUI»am Hurtstone: 

Charles Tunnel! 

(celio)and Susan Tunnell 
i pa no) play the Sonata in 

7..35 Cosi fan tutta.-Jonathan 
Miller s production of the 
Mozart opera, sung in 
English m the translation 
by Ruth and Thomas Martin. 
Act one. A simultaneous 
broadcast with BSC 2. The 

Smfonietta/ Ambrosian 
Opera Chorus under 
Peter Robinson. With 
soloists Rode Johnson. 
Hampson. Rawnsley. 

Putnam, Rigby and 
Rosemary Ashe. 

1050 The Break: Denys 
Hawthorne reads the 
short story by Bernard 
MacLaverty * 

1150 Shostakovich and David 
Matthews: Fitzwdliam 
String Quartet play 
Shostakovich "s String 
Quartet No 13. and 
Matthews's Strmg 
Quartet No 3 

11.40 Chabner: Mar cells Meyer 
(piano) plays Paysage: 
Meiancoiie; Tourbition: and 
Sous-bo*s (Pieces 

1157 News. 1250 Closedown 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
■for VHF. 

News on the hour until 250 

then 3.00’ and hourly from 6. 
Headlines 550 am. 6.30, 750 
.and *30. Cricket One Day 
International. West Indies v 
England. Reports from Port of 
Spain, Tnnidad at 1 152 am, 

7.02 pm. 3.02, 952, 955, 11.2 

4.00 am Calm Berry fs) 650 
Ray Moore (s) 855 Ken Bruce (s) 

10.00 Albert Hammond talks to 
Ray Moore about tus musical 
career fs) 1150 Glona 

Hunntfprd Antiques Special. Gloria 
visits Galashiels, home of 
regular antiques expert Tony Curas 
for an Antiques Roadshow 
Special (s) 1.00 Ken Dodd's Easter 
Fayre Join Ken at the Knotty 

Ash Easter Fayre. with Peter 
Goodwnaht. Rosemary 
Squires. The Wurzete. Syd Francis. 



The Minting Sisters and special 
quest star Frankie Howard (S) 250 
Bank Holiday Sports Special 
introduced by Renton Laidlaw. 
Football. (Manchester Utd v 
Evenon m the Canon League). 
Cricket Irom Trinidad. News on 
the fourth and deciding one-day 
international RBangtrom 
Kempton Park: 2.45 The Roseberry 
Stakes Worth £1 0.000 Racing 
from Fairyhouse: 3.20 The Irish 
Distillers Grand National Motor 
Cycling: The Intematioal 
Transatlantic Challenge. 
Commentary from Donington Park 
on the final two races of me 
annual challenge between Great 
Sntam ana the USA 5.00 Spons 
Report *00 Cross Greats Concert 
Brenda Lee. The Osmond 
Brothers and Rita Coolktge in 
concert in the 1935 Silk Cut 
F esnval m trod cued Dy Wally 
Whyton 8.00 Alan Dell with 
Dance Band Days and at 8.30 and 
at 8.30 Big Band Era (s) 9.00 
Rash Bang Wallop 1 An 80th 
birthday mbute to David 
Heneker. composer and lyricist of 
Half a Sixpence end a host of 
other musicals. A nostalgic journey 
through his words and mus«c 
with l he memones of Tommy Steel. 
Dame Anna NBagie and marry 
others. 955 Spans Desk 10.00 The 

Monday Movie Quiz. Pit your 
wits against Ray Moore 1050 
Sound. Nick Jackson clays 

your soundtrack requests 1150 
Bnan Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stereo from midnight) 

150 am Charles Move presents 
Nightnde (S) 3.00-4.00 A Little Night 
Mu 5V (s) 

( Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 

variations at end 

News on the half hour from 650 

am until 950 pm and ar 12.00 


6.00 am Adrian John 7.30 Mike 
Read *30 Simon Bates Sokd gold 
1250 pm Newsbeat. with lan 
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plus annual extravaganza at 
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featuring Elton John. Part 2 (s) 550 
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555 Steve Wngnt (stereo until 650 
pm). 750 Janice Long 10.00- 

12.00 John Peel (SI VHF RADIOS 1 
& 2 450 As Radio 2 250 As 
Radio 1 6-00 As Radio 2 1050 As 
Radio 1 12.00-4.00 am As 


6.00 Nevuses y> 650 Peaceful Solutions 
750 hewn 7.C9 Twenty-Four Houre 7 JO 
Sarah and Company 850 News 359 
Rflltactiofls B.lSThn Heat at the Day 8J0 
Anything Goes 9.00 News 9.09 Review ot 
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ime-iiioe 9.40 Look Ahead 9.4S Paetxe s 
Choce m00 News 1031 Peaceful Solu- 
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Network UK 915 Guitar hneriuca 930 
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Today 1035 Book Choice 1030 Throuoh 
My Wmoow io.4o Reflections 11L45 
Sports Roundup 1 1-00 News 1139 Com- 
mentary 11.15 Behind the CrwfllS 11.30 
Transatlantic Quiz 12.00 News 1209 
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1230 Saran am Company 130 News 

1.01 OWKaofc 1 30 Short Story 1.45 Behind 
me Credits 230 world News 2.09 Review 
of the British Press 2.15 Network U.K. 
230 Sports international 330 News 3.09 
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4.45 Through My Window 435 Reflec- 
tions 530 News 5.39 Twenty-Four Hours 
530 New Booksjkil uimmGMT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285m;l039kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 909kH/433m; Radio 3: 12l5xHz/247m: VHF -90- 
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BBC1 WALES: 12.Q5ant-12.10 

-News a no weatne SCOTLAND: 
KL45pfn~1i35 Scotch ana Wry 
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ANGLIA 1230am An Easter 
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CHANNEL ** ^owfon except: 

53Q Sons and Dauoh- 
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ney at Easar 1230 am Closedown. 

ULSTER ** LontS °n except 

1135pm Cram of Ireland 
85 1235am Ten Green Bottles 1230 

Tl/C As London except 1230em 
■ Company. Closedown 

CENTRAL gjffiSBg*. 


530 Gus Honaybun S Magic Birth- 
days 1230am Postscript. Closedown 

HTV WALES ranzttans 

. 'mm pmgramrties 


HTV WEST No venations 
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nv London 

GRAMPIAN No vanetiore 
UnHItirWPl from programmes or 

ITV London 

S4C Siarts 1.00pm Count Sown 
* w 130 Racng from Kempton 330 

Cei Cocos 3.15 Film Bowery to 
jr-lg 5.OT P< . 
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Pop the 

Broadway' 530 Uoer-k 
Ouesoon 6.00 ! 

GwannCieu 7.0QriewyddionSaJth7.15 
Superted 730 Gwyi Gan 8.10 Ong 

9.10 Uun LJyfreu 9.40 Cheers 
Catch 22 1235am Closedown 

ID Flm- 

SCOTTISH As London et- 

pyvM lian wpi 135 pm scomsn 
News 1.15 Film Island of Aouenture 
535 Fan Guy 6.00 News and Scotland 
Today 630-700 wnat 6 Your Froo- 
letn‘ J 1230am Late Call. Closedown 

TYNE TEES AS London e»- 

J cept. 1230am Hao- 
Dy Easier* 1235 Closedown 


1 ■ lroni Drogra<nn>K 

on ITV London 






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MUSICAL 1985, 

The Times 


■ ot the life and muste 
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. aim- at 80 .* EWga 

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Em 760. Sats Z JO A 7 60. 
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A deUphtful comedy. Booking 
ihrouoti June 19B6- 

■AMMGAJI 01 628 8796/638 
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Giordano Bruno PHILISTINES 
bv Maxim Corky returns 9 

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- Written and directed tty 


* Cm TDeatreiamiwr-cmenon 
Brasserie. Suib or Carrie £1766. 


8230 CC 379 6566/6433. Eves 
7.3a Sals 3. 

Laurence Olivier Award US 
Unto SM A M Haaaua ar MkM'i 


HOTLINES Ol 880 884S BOX Of- 
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930 6125 Flrsl Can 24 Hr 7 Day 
CT. 240 7200. Eves 8.0 
Thu Mol 3. SM 5 & B 50 


Hit Comedy by Richard Hams 
Directed oy JuUa McKenrie 
Standard Drama Award 1984 

T Out "Had (hr audience veiling 
for more" D Mail “Must surely 
take die mum.. Go NOW" D Tel 

FORTUNE ■ CC 836 2238, 9 741 
9999. First Can 2*hr 7 day CC 
240 7200 Eve a Frl /Sal 6& 8.40 


Laurence Otfvter Award 1984 


By John Godber 
Times “SPLENDID" D Tel 
"One ol the funmrel and leaM prw- 
irntieus Plays you are ever 40 uki 
Obs “ A JOY" S Exp 


OARRKK. » 01-836 4601. C.C. 
3796*33 ACC. 24 W<7 Oay 2*0 
7200. Grp Sales 930 6123. Eves 8 
pm. Wed mat sa Sal 3.0 and 80 
Perm at usual al Easier. 


GLOBE 437 1592 Firti Call 24 hr 
7 day CC 240 7200 Grp Sales 
930 6123 Eves 8. Mats Wed 3. 

Sat 4 

Andrew L loyc Webber Presents 




THE TOP"Gdn _ 
A Comedy tar Ken Ludwig 
Directed oy David Gttmare 

SLOW *47 1699 Flru Cad 2* nr 
7 day CC 2*0 7200 Grp Balm 
930 6125 Eves 8 Mate Wed 5. 
Sat *. 

Andrew Uoya Webber Presents 




"An wrettai «a n lp n af Mp Sea 
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by Ken Ludwig Directed by David 

7753 Previews Irom Wednes- 
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l opens AprU 7 al 7 001 

Bum Watferd 
FeifcK* Dean 
Mltheel 31»>lae in 

HAMPSTEAD 722 9301 Until 
tel Eie* 8pm. Sat MAI 4 30 
ORPHANS by Lyle Hander. 
SOLD OUT ■ returns may bv 
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Al e Wl 01-437 3680/7 0!-*3a 
1050 CC 01-43* 15*0 01-734 
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Directed by John Dexter 
■Creeled with tumultous 
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Eves 7 30 Sals SOlrBIS 
Wed Mats 3 0 On u-eda ft Sal 
Mais Manilla H played by Dtarw 

Group Sale* 01-950 6123 


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Previews from April 22 
Fite NIOPI Mu 7 


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lo 28 LOVE FOR LOVE bv Con- 
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Mir "An unalMsried vrinner” 9 
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CAB PARK next door <*» 
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NEW LONDON Drury Lane WC2 
Ol *06 0072 CC 379 6435 Eves 
7 45 Tue A Sal 5.00 ft 7 45 




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Ming accepted imlll August 30. 

OLD VK 928 761 6-OC 261 1821 
Grp Sales 950 6123. Eves 7 30. 
Wed Mats 2 30. Sals 4 O A 7 45 
Perfe as usual over Easter 




In the Welsh National Opera 
produ ction of 


Dir by Howard Davies 
A new play by Mian Mtehe lt 
based on me life ft laler work of 

OLIVIER *S> 928 2262 CC 

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Cm U Mato «*M SAMI. 

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PflfMCC EDWARD Bov Olfice 
754 8951 rite Call 34 Hr 7 Days 
CC Booking 836 346* Grp Sales 
a» 6133 



Opens 14 May at Turn 
Red Price Previews from April So 

CC O-TT 8327 or 579 6*33 
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Latecomers nol almued until me 


PHOENIX 836 2294 cc 240 9661 
741 9999 Fite Call 24Hr 7 Day 
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~rrs MAaMnecirr* ore 

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on Monday Eve* only 

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240 7200 01 3796423. Evr* 7.30 
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Siiriinn LULU 



'*Waadarfol EatartatotMaP* S Tet 
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hoperintoda* Mint end April '26 

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aunt NO PERFS MARCH 51. 

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* * * * * 


Gooch facing the 
politicians again 

From Join Woodcock, Cricket Cornypondat, Fort Spain, Trinidad 

England’s cricketers, back 
in Trinidad for today's fourth 
and final one-day internation- 
al and Thursday's fourth Test 
match, have actually had two 
compulsory practices in the 
Iasi two days — in Barbados on 
Saturday morning and here 
yestendy morning. Tbeir wives 
and children have mostly 
departed; Gooch broods dark- 
ly over his differences with Mr 
Lester Bird, his old adversary 
from Antigua; the West Indian 
Cricket Board of Control 
(WICBC) predict a loss on the 
tour of something over 
£50,000; and Gatling's injured 
thumb is making such a 
disappointingly slow recovery 
that he is out of today’s match 
and posssibly Thursday's as 

Gooch was angered by a 
statement made by Mr Bird 
when the team were in Anti- 

g ua early last month. A sq liab- 
le had developed, concerning 
the tour, between Mr Bird, the 
island's deputy Prime Minis- 
ter, and the Minister of Educa- 
tion, Culture and Youth 
Affairs, Mr Reuben Harris, 
rivals within the same party. 
Mr Harris accused Mr Bird of 
“divorcing his persona from 
his public status" and “under- 
mining cricket in Antigua” by 
giving the tour “the green 
light" and then urging the 
public to boycott iL r 
As captain of the English 
side which played in South 

Africa in 1982, and being the 
cricketer he is, Gooch is 
invariably picked on as per- 
sonifying sportsmen who 
“treat with apartheid". There 
is no point in going over the 
whole affair again, except to 
say that in no statement he has 
ever made, and in no sentence 
that he has ever written, has 
Gooch been “contemptuous 
of the Caribbean people" as 
Mr Bird clearly implied in his 
open altercation with Mr Har- 
ris. Mr Bird went oiu“l cannot 
accept that a simple retraction 
of a statement is sufficient to 
wash away the comfort which 
six players in the English side 
have given to a regime which 
brutalizes people, deprives 
them of their civil rights and 
slaughters them in the 

Not surprisingly, Gooch 

sions. For weeks they have 
obsessed him, and he can be a 
stubborn old thing . He is also 
proud and very straight So 
when Peter May flew back to 
England from Barbados last 
Wednesday he was the bearer 
of a note from Gooch to 
Raman Subba Row, chairman 
of the Test and County Crick- 
et Board (TCCB), saying that 
he will go to Antigua for the 
fifth Test match only i£ by 
some means or other, the 
record is put straight 
That is where the matter 
now stands. The TCCB and 

Pakistan make a 
sound opening 

COLOMBO (Reuter) - Pa- 
kistan, sent into bat by Sri 
Lanka, won the opening one- 
day international for the Asia 
Cup here yesterday after bring 
restricted to 197 all out in 
their 45 overs. Sri Lanka in 
response collapsed to 116 all 
out in 33.5 oven, only three 
batsmen reaching double-fig- 

SCORES; Pakistan 187 (45 overafc 
Sri Lanka 116 (33,5 overs). Pakistan 
won by 81 runs. 

• Auckland (Renter) — Aus- 

tralia beat New Zealand by 44 
runs here on Saturday to 
square the one-day interna- 
tional series at 2-2. Greg 
Matthews won the man of the 
match award, scoring 54 in a 
fifth-wicket partnership of 100 
with Ritchie and later 
tookthree wickets for 33. Rain 
reduced the match to 45 overs 
per side instead of the sched- 
uled 50. 

SCORES: Australia 231 (6 R J 
Matthews 54, G M Ritchie 53); Now 
Zealand 187 for 9. 

the WICBC have been in- 
volved in it for some weeks, as 
they will be again tomorrow 
when Donald Carr, secretary 
of the TCCB, returns to Lord's 
after the Easier holiday. At the 
worst, the whole England 
team, already understandably 
indignant on Gooch's behalf! 
might align themselves behind 
him. In that case this week’s 
Test match could be the last of 
the series. But that is some- 
thing Mr Bird, as a politician, 
would hardly want to have 
held against him, not least 
because it might suit Mr 

In anticipating such a heavy 
financial loss on the tour, the 
secretary of the WICBC gives 
three chief reasons: the deval- 
uation of the currency in 
Trinidad and Jamaica; the 
cost of the additional security 
required to guard against pos- 
sible disruption of Die match- 
es by anti-apartheid 
demonstrators and the world- 
wide trend towards reduced 
crowds at first-dass games and 
Test matches, made worse 
here by England’s poor perfor- 
mances and whatever re- 
sponse has been to tire 

“When we planned the 
tour," says Steve Camacho, 
“we had no idea that the 
Trinidad and Tobago dollar 
would drop so much by the 
time the matches were played 
in Port of Spain. And there 
was no telling what the rale of 
the Jamaican dollar would be. 
Even with the Cable and 
Wireless sponsorship, which is 
the most we ha ve ever had and 
has been a tremendous boost 
we are looking at our biggest 
overall loss ever.” 

Trinidad and Tobago deval- 
ued their dollar by 33 per cent 
last December, cutting its 
value from 41 to 27 American 
cents, while Jamaica's curren- 
cy has been going through an 
unstable period. In the ordi- 
nary way Trinidad accounts 
for approximately 40 per cent 
of the revenue mom a tour. 
This time it has already cost 
the best part of £30,000 to 
screen the Queen’s Rule OvaL 

Gate receipts in Barbados, 
boosted by the large influx of 
English supporters, totalled 
£75,000 for the three matches 
played there, .which was con- 
sidered satisfactory. 

Commenting on criticism of 
England’s decision not to 
make last Friday’s practice 
compulsory, although most of 
the party had not been on a 
cricket field since the previous 
Sunday, Gower has said that 
“people have been looking at 
this the wrong way round.” It 
is not the six who chose not to 
practice who should be fruit- 
ed, he said, but the 11 who did 
that should be specially com- 
mended. Well, you can hardly 
get more cynical than that in 
the wake of another crashing 
Test defeat 

It seems that it was only 
because Gatling fell lire need 
for practice that anyone went 
at alL Now Tony Brown, the 
manager, has asserted his 
authority by instructing Gow- 
er and the assistant manager, 
Willis, that in future all prac- 
tices shall be compulsory. In 
the last eight years the West 
Indian side has had no more 
than two or three optional 
practices, and those were for 
the benefit of players newly- 
arrived on a long tour. 

England's best chance of a 
win in any of their last three 
matches comes today. There 
will be the incentive of a large 
crowd and the knowledge that 
victory would bring a share of 
the one-day series. The pitch is 
the same as that on which 
England won the second one- 
day international the only 
notable victory of their torn-, 
and Gooch made 129 not out 
It is recognisaMy West Indian 
in appearance, unlike most 
there have been. “The way to 
come back," said Gower yes- 
terday, “is to do wed 
tomorrow”. The side attempt- 
ing that shows two changes 
from the one who lost the one- 
day game in Bridgetown, Elli- 
son and Edmonds replacing 
Slack and Thomas. 

TEAM: G A Gooch, R T Robinson, 
*D I Gower, A J Lamb, IT Botham, P 
R M Bison, P H Edmonds, N A 



i if 




Veterans 9 domination leaves 
schoolboys with the blues 

So dominated by older men 
is the event that most years it 
could be called the Veterans' 
Boat Race. This time it was 
won, stylishly, confidently and 
emphatically, by the younger 
of two mature crews. With 12 
postgradnates out of 16 oars- 
men, the promising schoolboy 
Oxbridge entrant can no long- 
er look towards the Boat Rare 
with serious expectations. 

Oxford, who were falling 
behind from the first stroke, 
had only three men under 25. 
Cambridge were, by compari- 
son, mere kids, with only two 
over 24. Pritchard, their 
stroke and the second oldest in 
the race at 28, said afterwards: 
“As the pressure from media 
coverage increases, the ability 
to stand hack and be competi- 
tively rational is important 
But the race will see postgrad- 
uates more and more.” 

Cambridge looked terrific. 
They had that long, swinging 
throb in rhythmic unison of a 
sea engine, and the only favour 
they did Oxford was to remove 
tire weights of history from the 

By David Miller 

shoulders of the remarkable 
Dan TopdskL His reputation 
is indelible; the summer of his 
career may continne, but there 
was no means by which he 
could reduce the difference la 
tire two potentials this year. 

Alan Inns, Cambridge's 
chief coach for three years, a 
Middlesex waterman all his 
fife, was still shivering with 
excitement half an hour after 
tire eclipse of a 1 0-year tale of 
woe as he summarized the 
Cambridge mood: “We wait 
out to disregard anything Ox- 
ford did, to row as fast and 
hard as we could from the off. I 

Boat Race report page 30 

of windy weather, had steered 
the perfect course, leaning on 
Oxford close to legality on the 
first Middlesex bend to gain 
better water. “When Oxford 
woe late to tire stake boat, we 
just ignored than,” she said 
with a smile, waiting patiently 
for the men to shower before 
she could go and collect her 




From Richard Eaton 

Steve Suttou and Chris 
Rees, the rival Analo-Welsh- 
men, may prove themselves 
the most dangerous floaters in 
the European championships, 
sponsored by Pharmacia, 
which started here yesterday. 
Sutton beat Johann 
Ratheyser, of Austria, 15-1, 
15-3, and Rees defeated 
Jorgen van der Pol of Switzer- 
land, 15-9, 15-10. 

Gossip, wfll meanwhile, 
continue whether Martin 
Dew, a ringleader of the 
petition against Jake Downey, 
the England manager, will be 
playing for England m the 
Europeans as welj as the 
Thomas Cup. Dew is defend- 
ing two doubles titles in the 
individual event and it would 
be a conspicuous absence to 
have him sitting it out when 
England's defence of the team 
title begins tomorrow. 

We may know today wheth- 
er Downey has asked him for 
England’s men's or mixed 
doubles or both (though not 
singles, as was incorrectly 
stated before). We may also 
then know whether the talent- 
ed left-hander will refuse to 
play for his country. 

thought it would be closer for 
lunger, but was confident that 
if we didn’t make many mis- 
takes we would win. 

The bad spell we had during 
the severe weather restricted 
as technically but made us 
stronger as a umt” 

Carole Burton, whose 
coxing experience had been 
questioned in the expectation 


Pritchard, who had agreed 
to switch places less than two 
weeks ago with Broughton, 
from No 6 to stroke, for the 
benefit of the boat, had for the 
first time in three races been 
able to see the whole Oxford 
boat after a mile. His face 
thereafter had the serenity of a 
chauffeur in a Rolls, immune 
from stress. “I was just stir- 
ring the tea while others did 
the work,” be said. “When 
Oxford were alongside early 
on, they were crashing the 
water bat not really moving,” 
At the finish. Green, Oxford's 
cox, had 'banged the water 
angrily with his fists, but the 
gesture was hollow. There had 
beenjm argument. 


Hammers knock on the door 

By Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent 

The English champions are 
likely to be crowned at the end 
of the season at Goodison 
Park. There is nothing new in 
that suggestion. Howard 
KendalTs side have been the 
favourites to retain the title for 
two months, ever since they 
overtook Manchester United, 
who were once threatening to 
have claimed it themselves by 

But Everton should be 
aware that the boor and a half 
of domestic glory that suppos- 
edly awaits them may lie 
within Wembley on May 3, 
FA Cup Final day, rather than 
in their own home 48 hours 
later. Their visitors on May 5 
are a side that stepped omi- 
nously out of the shadows on 
Saturday afternoon. 

West Ham United were as 
dazzlingty brilliant as the re- 
flection of the floodlights in 
the Stamford Bridge puddles. 
Chelsea, considered by some 
to be London's most realistic 
challengers, were not merely 
beaten 4-0: they were utterly 

John Hollins, Chelsea's 
manager, had no complaints. 
“You can't have any when 

you lose to a better side,” he 
said. “They took the initiative 
virtually from the kick-off and 
never eased off. They pun- 
ished us for every mistake we 
made and, in Devonshire and 
Ward, they have much more 
than just wingers. They are 
also match-winners.” 

So are Cottee, who was 
voted the players’ young play- 
er of the year a week ago^and 
McAvennie. Between them 
they claimed three of West 
Ham's goals, all of which were 
stunning. The second, a 
counter-attack that flowed like 
mercury through Pike, Parris, 
Devonshire, Dickens, Parris 
again and eventually Cottee, 
has surely not been surpassed 
this season. 

“That was a bit special,” 
John Lyall admitted. “The 
tain helped our traditional 
one-touch football particular- 
ly in a local darby that could 
have been physical. In the 
second half in particular, J 
thought our play was of a veiy, 
very high quality. On days like 
that, when everything goes 
right, we can beat anybody.” 

Even if they do not enjoy 
many more days like that 

between now and the advent 
of May, they could still go to 
Goodison Park to decide the 
destiny of the championship. 
With a dozen Canon League 
games left,- then* maximum 
possible total of points is 93, a 
figure thaLonly Everton oould 

Fatigue remains an obvious 
danger. Five of their fixtures, 
for instance, are to be 
squeezed into the last 10 days 
of their heavy schedule. But 
on eight occasions, beginning 
today against Tottenham 
Hotspur, they will stay at 

More football. Page 30 

home and only once will they 
collide with a representative 
from the leading group. Thai 
happens to be Chelsea in a 

Jf Newcastle United had 
achieved the draw at 
Goodison Park that they came 
so close to on Saturday, the 
threat to Everton from West 
Ham would be even greater. A 
goal by Richardson earned 
Everton their 1-0 victory, but 
for Newcastle Gascoigne bit 
the post with rate shot and 

lifted the ball over an empty 
net with another, and Beards- 
ley missed his third successive 

Yet five of Everton’s re- 
maining eight matches are 
away from home. Without the 
injured Southall to protect 
them, they must visit Man- 
chester United this afternoon 
and then, within three 
Arsenal and Watford. In 
tween they have the substan- 
tial distraction of having to 
take on Sheffield Wednesday 
in - the semi-final of the FA 
Cap, for which they have 
recruited Pat Jennings from 
Tottenham Hotspur as cover 
for Minims in goaL 
Similar flaws can be seen in 
the claims of the other main 
contenders. Liverpool, as well 
as being involved in the other 
semi-final against Southamp- 
ton* have only three more 
outings ar AnfiekL 
The recent form of Man- 
chester United, now perhaps 
stabilized by the return of 
Bryan Robson, has been far 
too inconsistent. 

Chelsea, almost devoid of 
mine creativity in midfield, 
the hardest mn-in of all. 

Mize establishes 
a suitable lead 

From Mitchell Platts, Ponte Vedra, Florida 

Larry Mize moved into the 
final round of the Tourna- 
ment Players’ Championship 
here yesterday with a four- 
stroke lead. Mize, aged 27, 
from Georgia, established an 
astonishing record for the 
TPC by compiling a 1 6-under- 
par aggregate of 200. 

John Mahafiey, who won 
the US PGA Championship in 
1 979, was Mize’s nearest rival. 
Mahaffey’s total of 204 left 
him four shots ahead of Tim 
Simpson and Bob Murphy, his 
fellow Americans. 

Mahafiey has revealed that 
his career was almost ended 
by a problem with alcohol, “I 
did not have mud] of a 
future,” he said. “I headed for 
the bars while others headed 
for the practice range. It was a 
case or stop or it ruining my 
life. 1 could never take just one 
or two drinks — I needed 
another and another.” 
Mahafiey slim, fit and sun- 
tanned, can joke now about 
his former addiction. 

Meanwhile Sandy Lyle's 
prime concern during the 
Greater Greensboro Open* 

which starts on Thursday, will 
be to recover his putting 
touch. He said: “I have struck 
the ball from tee to green so far 
this season as well as I can. But 
I am not scoring well and that 
is the result of bad putting. It 
really is beginning to hurt to 
the point where I am getting 
knotted up inside worrying 
when I am going to start 
holing some putts again.” 

Nick Faldo most win in 
Greensboro to obtain the last 
place in the US Masters. “If 
would, of course, turn my 
whole year around if I did 
that. It is asking a lot after 
almost two years without a 
victory. I know one thing. I 
will not be holding back. It's 
all or nothing” 

RESULTS: TOM round taadtog 
acorn* (US unless stated): 20ft L 
Mize, 66. 68. 66. 204.- J 
69, 70. 65. 20fcT Simpson, . 

66; R Murphy, 69, K, 74. 209: T 
Kite, 69, 69, rcB Upper. 71, 65, 73. 
21fk D Towel, 88, 68, 74. 211; L 
Trevino, 68, 73, 70: T Sffls, 88, 75, 
7ft B TOay, 66, 73. 72; H Sutton 71, 

72. 68;G Thorpe, 69. B8. 74. Brffisfa 
pJacfag: 21ft K Brown, 72, 71, 78. 

Budd loses 
in Italy 

Lynn Jennings, of the Unit- 
edStates, beat Zola Budd, of 
Britain, in a cross-country race 
in San Vittore Olona, Italy, on 
Saturday. Jennings, beaten 
twice by Budd, the world 
champion, last weekend, took 
the lead in the 148-mile event 
about 300 hundred yards from 
the fiqish. 

Budd, who usually com- 
petes barefoot, had to wear 
running shoes to deal with the 
rocks on a course that ran 
through a forest. Jennings’s 
winning time was 17 m in 27 
sec, which was 5sec ahead of 

Swede leads 

Bjorn Waldegaard, of Swe- 
den, in a Toyota Celica, won 
the '800-mile first stage of the 
Safari motor rally yesterday in 


Grubb fillip 

Urn Grubb, a member of 
Britain's 1984 silver medal 
winning Olympic team, won 
the most prestigious show 
jumping competition in the 
United Slates when be rode 
Linky to victory in the Ameri- 
can invitational event at Tam- 
pa, Florida on Saturday. 

Third success 

Joakhn Nystaom, of Swe- 
eten, yesterday won the ABN 
tenuis tournament in Rotter- 
dam by defeating Anders 
Jarryd, his compatriot, 6-0, 6- 
3. It was Nystrom's third 
tournament victory of the 
r, after Grand Pnx wins in 

oronto and La Quinta. 

Belgians lose 

Royal Uccte, the Belgian 
champions, were defeated at 
Folkestone yesterday by the 
Festival XI rather more com- 
prehensively than anyone ex- 
pected. Hie Festival XI won 
4-1 This was the only matrii 
played' during the day, bad 
weather having ruled out the 
rest of foe programme. (Syd- 
ney Friskin writes). 

Britain lead 

Two young American mo- 

young Amc 

' V ~ tor cyclists, Kevin Sehwantz 

JS€CKer Wins Hone of Snow and Fred Merkel, are winning 

— - U1 most of the battles at theSbeU 

Transatlantic Challenge at 
Donington Park but, with 
three of right kgs remaining, 
the British team are winning 
the war (Michael Sant writes). 
Britain leads by 220 points to 
1 10, largely by virtue of their 
strength among the midfield 

Boris Becker, of West Gen- 
many, beat Jimmy Connors, 
of the United States, 7-6, 4-6, 
6-4 in the semi-final of the 
Chicago tennis tournament on 
Saturday. Becker collected H 
aces and 14 service winners in 
a match that lasted two hours 
43 minutes. 

Julian Snow, the under-24 
champion, plays in his first 
amafeirr championship final 
this morning at Lord's when 
he meets Alan Lovell, the 
holder. Snow defeated John 
Ward 4-6, 6-4, 6-4, 6-1 and 
Lovell beat Mick Dean 6-3, 6- 
3, 4-6, 6-1 on Saturday. 


Stars in 
the wars 

By Jenny MacArthar 

Despite nearly three quar- 
ters of the advanced riders 
w ith dr a w in g before the cross- 
country because of the sodden 
conditions, the Daihatsn 
Brigstocfc Horae Trials went 
ahead yesterday with the hand 
of dogged determination which 
characterises horse trials in 

htt Stark and Mark Todd, 
two of die few Badminton 
riders to go rood the course, 
had eventful wrings. Stark 
non advanced section three 
with Glenbaaie ami finfcdwd 
third in section me on Sfr 

He had had a refanl on Sfr 
Wattie at fence six but, as 
condhSows worsened, fins 
fence was taken oat and his 

Debine SafefL, the eventual 
winner of section one with 
WIHsWytde, was ere* ladder. 
She had a fen the first time 
round at fence six tat was 
allowed te'go again after it tad 
been taken eat 

Todd followed his easy win 
on Any Chance in section two 
with a fell from his Bedouaten 
entry, Mktafaus Day At 
fence eight. 





By Keith Macklin t 

i l • 

Hull Kingston Rovers. 24 
Leeds 24 

The most dramatic and 
exciting semi-final In the 
history of the Challenge Cup 
ended in c tiff-hanging sus- 
pense with the perfect result. 

A magnificent match of 
unpredictable twists and 
turns could not have con- 
tained more drama had it 
been scripted as television 
fiction. - 

Leedstore into a 12-2 lead. 
Rovers had their scrum-half 
Hartdn sent off for tripping, 
then astonishingly Rovers 
swept into a 24-14 lead only 
to tire as Leeds made a late . 
rally to level at 24-24. To cap 
it all, Creasser missed the \ 
kick at goal from the final try j 
which would have given 
Leeds victory. 

Under such circumstances 
it would have been an injus- 
tice had either side lost The 
crowd of nearly 24,000 knew . 
that honour was satisfied . on 
both sides, and the teams 
were applauded from the 

•The unexpected draw threw 
rugby league administration 
into chaos. At first it was 
agreed, that the replay at 
Elland Road would be on 
Wednesday, but when the 
police could not guarantee 
the amount of cover neces- 
sary under the Safety of 
Grounds Act on Wednesday, 
the match had to be switched 
to Thursday, 

Hull Kingston Rovers sup- 
porters wanted the replay at 
Boothferry park. Half sice 
me first game had been in the 
oeart of Leeds territory. Da- 
vid Oxley, the Rugby 
League s secretary-general 
had to point out that due to 
safety restnetions the capaci- 
ty of Hull City football A 






A ftirlbCT complication ea- 
sing when both teams had to 
fiflfil league fixtures in a 
crowded end-of-season pro- 
gramme. Leeds were ordered 



beiten Hwdfc^