Skip to main content

Full text of "The Times , 1986, UK, English"

See other formats

' •i.’^ A. O j=Sr*t.*_ 


No 62.446 

Radiation test 

shock for 
Kiev Britons 

• Brit **J s^dente being evacuated * The British Embassy in Warsaw is 
from Moscow after the Chernobyl making arrangements to evacuate the 
nuclear disaster have abnonmdly high young children rf 

levels of radiation on their clothes embassy staff * 

“ys a* 8 * ^Soviet dte • A call for an international investiga- 
are in “a senons condition after the tion into the disaster was made last 
disaster, hut clai med tha t do foreign night by Mr Kenneth Baker. Secretary 
citizens bad been affected n f far *h» fnmmnmmit 

M of State for the Environment 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Fears about the long-term 
consequences of the Chernobyl 
nuclear disaster increased las 
night when nearly 100 British 
students being evacuated from 
Moscow were discovered in 
their first screening by a British 
expert to have higher than 
normal radiation levels on 
their clothing. 

Mr John Burley, the British 
Airways station manager, told 
The Times that all the stu- 
dents had been asked to 
change into fresh overalls and 
tracksuits flown in from Lon- 
don as a precautionary 

“The readings were much 
higher titan we had expected.’’ 
he said. "Our concern was to 
lake the maximum sensible 
precautions and get them 

All of the students had 
earlier been screened with a 
Geiger counter at a Soviet 
- clinic in Moscow, and no 
official Soviet concern had 
been expressed publicly about 
the levels of radiation 

The students were all living 
in Kiev or Minsk, two large 
Sov ici cities dose to the site of 
Friday’s incident, and diplo- 
matic sources said last night 
that the more than 3 million 
Sov ici residents of the cities 
can be expected to have 
suffered the same radiation 

After the airport screening, 
many of the students were 
reported by Western sources 
in ha\ c been "concerned and 
upset** at the Endings, al- 
though many also expressed 


Where food 
is a serious 

the scenes 
ai The 
of the year 


• The daily Times 
Portfolio Gold prize of 
£4,000 was won out- 
right yesterday — de- 
tails, page 3. 

• Today there is an- 
other £4,000 to be won. 
On Saturday the 
weekly prize will be 
£ 8 , 000 . 

• Portfolio Gold list, 
page 25; rules and how 
to play, information 
service, page 16. 

Begum held 

Bcgiim Khaleda Zia. leader of 
the boy coll campaign against 
next week's Bangladesh gette r- j 
a! election, has been arrested | 
and held outside Dhaka, ae - 1 
cording to opposition 
leaders. “Earlier report, page 6 


Stress is anting nurses and the 
NMS dear, a fcsdiflg specialist 
said when launching a sludv 
tin nurse managers Page- 

i relief that they had at last been 
1 able to get reliable informa- 
tion about the effects of the 
radiation leak after the strict 
Soviet clampdown on details. 

The sources said that the 
Soviet authorities bad deliber- 
ately delayed the take-off of 
the plane carrying out the the 
evacuation to enable Soviet 
television to film interviews 
with left-wing students sym- 
pathetic to the Kremlin's han- 
dling of the disaster. 

The Boeing 757 sent to 
carry out last night's evacua- 

May Day calm 6 

Deadly harvest * 6 

Leading article 13 

tion was staffed with a British 
Airways doctor who is expert 
in radiation problems and a 

Mr Burley said last night 
that the students had been 
allowed to cany the affected 
' clothing with them in special 
plastic tegs, and that further 
leans would be carried out by 
British experts in London. 

Mr Robert Walker, aged 22, 
a student from the Liverpool 
Polytechnic, told The Times 
that he had known nothing 
about Friday's disaster until 
three days later. “The Rus- 
sians have given me a certifi- 
cate saying that I am 
‘effectively healthy', but I 
have no idea what that 

-Other British and foreign . 
students in Moscow are grow- 
ing increasingly concerned 
about their future, and some 




By Richard Evans 

Lobby Reporter 

Mr Kenneth Baker, Secre- 
tary of State feu the Environ- 
ment. last night called for an 
international investigation 
into the Chernobyl nuclear 

Speaking at the Ryedale by- 
election. he said the inquiry, 
involving representatives of 
the International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency, should look into 
the design of The plant, the 
operating conditions and the 
circumstances of the accident. 

"*ln this way the interna- 
tional community would learn 
valuable lessons which would 
benefit us all” Mr Baker said. 

“I hope that Russia will 
understand and accept that 
the price to be paid for 
membership of the interna- 
tional community, and for the 
trust of that community, is an ! 
openness and a readiness to , 
share information. 

“Unhappily this is a price : 
which Russia has so far shown j 
herself unwilling to pay." 

Mrs Thatcher left London 
for the Tokyo economic sum- 
mit last night, determined to 
bring international pressure to 
bear on Russia for its secretive 
approach to the leak. 

Earlier, the Prime Minister 
told the Commons: “These 
matters go way beyond the 
borders of any country and 
must be dealt with on a global 

The Cabinet discussed the 
leak in an 80 minute meeting 
yesterday. Senior ministep 
believe Russian reticence in 
providing basic information 
about the Irak could hinder 
arms controls talks 


V ,. >v 
... , • 
*.->■ ;■ is*. •: 


■,»*#<>"* r V t 

: . * •/* ■ 

Jail riot talks 
as officers 
call off action 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 
tison officers leaders less of the financial 

Prison officers leaders 
called off their industrial 
action yesterday after a night 
of widespread rioting that 
wrecked one jail and left 
chaos and destruction in 
many more. They are to 
meet Home Office officials 
today for talks about talks. 

less of the financial 

The dispute is about man- 
ning levels and the extent to 
which they should be nego- 
tiable. Prison officers say 
that their safety is imperilled 
if too few are on duty. Part of 
their anion was a ban on 

Military camps are being overtime, which shows dra- 

pre pared in case they are 
needed to house prisoners, 
Mr Douglas Hurd, Home 

matically how much the 
system depends on it. 
"Unlike the Prison De- 

i are already understood to 

■ have left 

Miss Helen Donlan from 
: the Central London Polytech- 
nic said last night “The first I 
: knew that anything was seri- 
. ously wrong was when my 
f mother rang me from England 
: in the middle of the night on 
r Tuesday.” 

i Miss Donlan, aged 22, said 

■ that she and more than 30 
. other British students in Mos- 
cow had been given no ade- 

i quate guidance about health 
. precautions. 

, British and other members 

■ of Moscow's 8,500-strong for- 
! eign community have been 
\ given warnings by their re- 
1 speciive embassies, including 
1 an instruction to touch no 

milk products for 30 days. 

It was learned last night that 
a team of US experts is 
expected soon to conduct 
more rigorous radiation tests. 

A number of the foreigners 
have come under pressure 
from relatives to leave the 
Soviet Union, but by last night 
the great majority appeared 
willing to remain until they get 
more detailed guidance, espe- 
cially about pregnant women 
and young children. 

Tass yesterday issued a 
brief, 10-line statement from 
the Council of Ministers 
claiming that no foreign citi- 
zens had been affected by the 
disaster, but that 1 8 of its own 
citizens were now m “a serious 
condition”. The Government 
. had earlier said that only two 
people had died and 19 1 were 
in hospital after the nuclear 

to leave 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

The British embassy in 
Warsaw yesterday began mak- 
ing arrangements to evacuate 
the pregnant wives and young 
children of embassy staff be- 
cause of the high radiation 
levels recorded in the Polish 

The Foreign Office said it 
had decided to take this 
precaution after several em- 
bassy wives expressed concern 
about the health risks posed 
by the high radiation levels 
resulting from the Chernobyl 

British companies operating 
in Poland also have been 
advised to evacuate pregnant 
wives and young children. 

Because of the continuing 
failure of the Polish and 
Soviet authorities to provide 
detailed information about 
radiation levels, the Foreign 
Office has advised Britons to 
avoid travelling to the western 
Soviet Union and north-east- 
ern Poland, including Moscow 
and Warsaw, 

But on the basis of reliable 
monitoring of radiation levels 
in Helsinki by the Furnish 
authorities, it is now consid- 
ered safe to travel to 
Leningrad. . 

Radiation levels in Moscow 
are being directly monitored 
by technicians at the British 
embassy and it is expected 
they will soon give the all-clear 
for the Soviet capital. 

Britain is still awaiting an- 
swers to a number of technical 
questions about the disaster 
which Sir Bryan Cartledge, the 
British ambassador, submit- 
ted to the Soviet authorities 
earlier this week. 

i.'jT f* i 

a* '.vf' • 


Secretary, told the House of partment. we are very con- 
Commons. The national in- scions of our responsibilities 
formation centre at Scotland — 

president of the Association Photographs 16 

of Chief Police Officers, to lo our members and their 
collate and disseminate in- physical safety. Equally, we 
formation about police in- are extremely concerned for 
volvement in the dispute. the safety of the public and 
Mr Hurd blamed the m- the safety of the inmates.” 
dustnaJ action by the offi- The association had 
cers for increasing the planned to operate the over- 
prospect of trouble and re- time ban and other sanctions 
duemg the resources avaft- unl j| Tuesday, but thinks it 
able to deal with il I has made its point and that it 

is time to restart talks. 

Mr Colin Steel, 

Mrs Jennifer G uinness on board the British Airways 1 in 
Plymouth yesterday before sailing in the Round Ireland 

Report, page 2 

Education Moscow 

warning message 

by Labour on arms 

By Philip Webster By Nicholas Ashford 

Political Reporter Diplomatic Correspondent 

A Labour government will Mrs Thatcher b to discuss 
abolish fee-paying in educa- with President Reagan the 
tion over the lifetime of a contents of a new message on 
parliament, Mr Giles Radice, arms control she has just 
the party’s education spokes- received from Mr Mikhail 
man, said yesterday during the Gsrbaebov, the Soviet leader, 
run-up to the Ryed^s by- She will raise the matter 
election. . where education is whea sbe'ratets the President 
proving to be a principal af the seven-nation summit in 
campaign issue. Tokyo next week. 

Mr Radice's statement is British officials yesterday 
the dearest commitment so refused to discuss die contents 
far on the timing of Labour's of the letter, which was deiiv- 
plans for the future of private ered to the Prime Minister by 
education. He spelt out Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the new 
Labour's plans to phase out Soviet Ambassador, on Wed- 
fee-paying tee day after a nesday night. They would only 
debate involving the three say that it would receive a 
candidates attracted one of the “serious response” 
biggest public meeting audi- However it was dear that 
ences of tee contest. they regarded the letter's tone 

believe that not only the is time to restart talks, 
public but many members of w ~ c< , 

the prison service, including . V° .. Steel, 
many member of the Prison assoc,at, °", 5 ^a.r- 

Officeis Association, win man, said last tught that the 

have, been appalled by the as f c,a “°, n TS? aral0us “ 
events of the last 24 hours.” & about 100 suspended 
But the association said members unconditionally 
that the events of the past 24 reu3 sta le d. 
hours had “perfectly Ulus- Mr Hurd said that sub- 
trated the force and validity” stantive negotiations could 
of its case. “Prisons are not be started until the 

extremely dangerous places threat of industrial action 

By Nicholas Ashford 
Diplomatic Correspondent 

Mrs Thatcher b to discuss 
frith President Reagan the 
contents of a new message on 
arms control she has just 
received from Mr Mikhail 
Gsrteebov, die Soviet leader. 

She will raise the matter 
wheu sbe'raeets the President 
a i the seven-nation summit in 
Tokyo next week. 

British officials yesterday 
refused to discuss die contents 
of the letter, which was deliv- 
ered to the Prime Minister by 
Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the new 
Soviet Ambassador, on Wed- 
nesday night. They would only 
say that it would receive a 
“serious response”. 

However it was dear that 
they regarded the letter's tone 

and our members are de- 
serving of the very highest 
degree of protection, regard- 

3Art*. "'"'k 

geon - 

£ O r 

alter f V '* - 7 

yc 5oy s 

had been removed. He had 
invited the association's na- 
tional executive to talks at 
the Home Office. 

Referring to the rioting, he 
said there would need to be 
an inquiry into “these 
events." The form and scope 
would have to be compatible 
with any police investiga- 
tions into the alleged 

The riots produced a clash 
in the Commons between 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
Mr Neil Kinnock, who said 
that unless the Government 
showed a more rational atti- 
tude than- so far. industrial 
action would come about 
simply because of the pres- 
sure in the prisons. 

Mrs Thatcher, who spoke 
Continued on page 16. col 8 



in will 

From Susan MacDonald 

The Pasteur Institute wBI be 
the Duchess of Windsor's 
main beneficiary, it was an- 
nounced in Paris yesterday by 
the Duchess's lawyer and old 
friend, Maitre Snzanne Blum, 
who announced details of the 

Besides the Pasteur Insti- 
tute, Maitre Blum annosnoed 
bequests for associations, 
charities and museums in 
France and Fnglnnd, 

French museums will re- 
ceive her collection of furni- 
ture, ornaments and porcelain. 
There is also a long list of 
individual bequests which in- 
cludes members of the Royal 

Maitre Blum said the fact 
that French institutions were 
to receive the major part of the 
Duchess's wealth should be 
interpreted as a sign of her 
gratitude to the French Gov- 
ernment for its kindness to the 
Windsors since 1936. 

Maitre Bhim said the wiO 
consisted of two documents, 
one dated 1972 and the other 
1973. It is the latter document 
which contains the list of 
individual bequests. 

The Duchess has be- 
queathed her collection of 
18th-century furniture to the 
Louvre and to the Chateau de 
Versailles, and her porcelain 
collection to the Sfrvres 

Other charities and institu- 
tions mentioned include: the 
Royal National Lifeboat Insti- 
tution: The Guide Dogs for the 
Blind Association; the 
Soldiers'. Sailors' and 
Airmen's Families Associa- 
tion; the Pestalozzf Village; 
Trogen (Switzerland) Associa- 
tion; Fonda tion Claude Pom- 
pidou pour les Handi capes; 
Fondathra Anne de Gaulle; 
and the Institat de 
Ira manogenetique. 

Oslo decision 

Mrs Gro Harlem Brundiland. 
Norway's Labour Puny lead- 
er. is to in’ to form a 
government after the collapse 
of the conservative coalition 
of Mr Kaare Willoch. 

7 / S' / S- er , s 10 yy l0 f 0rm 

Sty/ET 0 I ( sure in tnc prisons. government after the colla 

!£&£ Z Mrs Thatcher, who spoke 0 f ih e conservative coalit 

r ^ ^ Continued on page 16. col 8 of Mr Kaare Willoch. 

£3.2bn wiped off value of shares 

Mr Radice said Labour as constructive, particularly as 
would initially get rid of the it placed “firmly on the Anglo- 

By Richard Lander 

The Stock Exchange took its the FT-Stock Exchange 1 00. 
own age-old advice to inves- lost more than 20 points, 
tors —“sell in May and go Stockjobbers, who had been 
away"— with pin-point timing expecting the Prudential issue. 

assisted places scheme and 
abolish charitable status and 
all the other tax advantages 
enjoyed by private schools. 
Local authorities would be 
given powers to decide on the 
future of individual public 
schools in their areas. 

He stressed that the com- 
plete abolition of fee-paying 
was a long term aim, but 
pressed on the timing said it 
would be done over the life- 
time of a parliament 

Mr Radice said: “Private 
education is extremely unfair 
and divisive — it is one of the 
most devisive factors in edu- 

Mrs Shirley Haines, tee 
Labour candidate, said that 
had it not been for the Libyan 
factor, education would have 
been “streets ahead” as the 
main issue of the by-election. 

Soviet timetable” a visit to 
Britain later this year by Mr 
Eduard Shevardnadze, the So- 
viet Foreign Minister. 

Whitehall sources said the 
Kremlin asked to deliver the 
message to Mrs Thatcher 
before she left for Tokyo. 

This was so that its contents 
could be discussed with the 
other summit leaders during 
their sessions on arms control 
and East- West relations. 

The letter is not believed to 
contain any new proposals for 
reducing midear weapons, but 
instead focusses more broadly 
on the need to improve East- 
West relations. 

It is possible the Prime 
Minister will semi a reply to 
Mr Gorbachov with Lord 
Whitelaw, who is due to lead a 
parliamentary delegation to 
the Soviet Union on May 23. 


marked down share prices as 

Man arrested in bomb 
alert at Dutch airport 

Amsterdam (AP) — Dutch The devices were found in a 
police yesterday arrested a tin, traced to the suspect. 

r . > i • _• . i tvn .j l a 

man at Schiphol airport here 
for possession of suspected 
explosives and detonators. 

Mr Rik Hirs. a police 
spokesman, refused to name 
the man but said he carried a 

What appeared to be deto- 
nators were found in a radio 
carried by the suspect. 

Mr Hits said it was not 
known whether the man ar- 
rived at the airport on a flight 

Japanese passport soaring he because no airline ticket had 
was 33 and a resident of been found on him. There was 


The airport's south arrival 
hall was evacuated for 90 
minutes while an Army bomb 
di«Fpng>i .squad removed the 
suspect package. 

also no baggage check on tee 

He said security checks had 
been stepped up at the airport 
after pol ice recei ved 

Around £3.2 billion was soon as the market opened, 
wiped off the value of leading Attempts at a rally soon ran 
shares in reaction to a record out of steam but most shares 
slump on Wall Street and a closed above their worst Gilts 
£357 million rights issue from also showed losses of up to 
the Prudential, Britain's big- 5 Op. 

gest life insurance group. Both The slump on Wall Street 
leading market indices, the reflected anxieties over the 
Financial Times 30-share and strength of the American 

to Kabul 

Islamabad (Reuter) - Presi- 
dent Karmal of Afghanistan 
returned to Kabul yesterday 
after a month in the Soviet 
Union, cooling rumours that 
he was seriously ill or out of 
favour with Moscow. 

Radio KabuL monitored in 
Islamabad, said Mr Karmal. 
aged 57. had been undergoing 
medical examinations since 
leaving on March 30. 

The Soviet Ambassador to 
Afghanistan, who did not 
attend an important Revolu- 
tion Day parade last Sunday, 
was at the airport with Afghan 
Politburo members to greet ^ 

Mr KarmaL 

Moscow had fuelled ru- 
mours of Kremlin displeasure 
with an article in Pravda 
criticizing “failings which 
have hindered the revolution- 
ary process in Afghanistan". 

This was seen as an affront to 
Mr Karmal as it appeared on 
the eighth anniversary of the 
Communist takeover in 

economy and news that the 
American trade deficit had 
widened further to $14.5 bil- 
lion in March. 

Prudential said it was rais- 
ing the money in its rights 
issue to take advantage of tee 
imminent deregulation of fi- 
nancial markets and the wide- 
ranging changes which will 
lake ptece on the Stock Ex- 
change this year. 

Shares lose £3.2bn,page 17 

A Victorian melodrama at ‘The Observer’ 

On this day 

tm nurse manager* Page - Rv Richard Dowden Hare. His action was approved 

Bj Kicnaru j,.. ^ paper's journalists. 

, , Readers of The Observer ' Mr Trelford said yesterday: 

On t ill^ daV newspaper this weekend will -Bernard is an old friend and 

UiW * be denied tbe chance to learn a i* m very sorry ttet tte mcreas- 
Tfte new* o' Adolf HJdcr s about an obscure {„. bitterness of the Wapprag 

'.z-.c.iij m rt» Berlin ouflker eccentric and writer, dispute has obliged ns to 

railed in Tnc T.jna OT AogBstus Hare, by order ^tfadraw his excellent review 
Mat :«M5 rage !■> a printing onion, the Na- from The Observes*. He was 

tfonal Graphical Association. ^ available for further 

— The print workers are an- comment. 

„ derstood to hare refused to However. The Ob*™** 
!tu» 2-5 H produce the newspaper if the jjterary editor, Mr Terence 

r>rrM** mS£*s 20 ; Lnor tries to print the KHmarti* called the 

'*** , 4 T< pLiimcm 4 | wrinen by Mr Bennwd Lfvwi. -very depressing and refcfetta- 

a£iM.t!nibv ’ SairRocsn also writes for The Times. and slightly craven . He 

M a'iSTtoorf yKteriay “drf: -I to mfersfoui fort 

,V u iSWvre ttol «!■«"■• NIr feiiogs tic pretU 

! . ‘2 -nTSuw 31 Trelford, has sue- high over Wappmg and I 

iS combed lo the anion's pres 5 ™* suppose ft wo ^n^ r , / r - 

fSTerpcr 3 14 and withdrawn tbe artide, a gpm over into TJe Obsa^er. 

- ^eTSTbook about Mr Mr Levin believes that by 

Ituac Nr-* ;■? 

14 . 2 .* MuiunBf 

:*** |k Part UMKB* 

EA*** 16 

• Irani* ardt 

f-m fcrpcr 



feelings are running prfo> 
high over Wapping mid I 
suppose it »orfd be sad lf ** 
spflt over into Tbe Observer . 

Mr Levin believes that by 

Hare: Victorian eccentric 

not pu&Rshiag tbe review The 
Observer bas broken its con- 
tract which binds it to publish- 
ing his regular renews unless 

they are b be lions. He said 
yesterday he had not decided 
whether to continue reviewing 
for the paper. 

“It is not damaging me” be 
said. “It is da m ag in g his owq 
newspaper and weakening his 
own position for tbe next time. 
It's like Daoegeld: if you give 
in oace they'll want more next 

The imperial father of the 
NGA chapel (office branch) at 
The Observer, Mr Roy 
Dowsett, was not available for 
comment last night but Mr 
Steve Vines; the father of the 
National Union of Journalists 
chapel said they had been 
consulted and that their view 

was that the editor bad made 
the right decision in the inter- 
ests of publication. 

The Observer has printed 
two articles by Mr Levin since 
tbe Wapping dispute began 
and although there have been 
grumblings from print work- , 
ers, there has not been a 
formal protest until now. Mr 
Levin's review this week was 
to have been of a biography of 
a Victorian travel wriier called 
Augustus Hare who cata- 
logued the psychological hor- 
rors visited npon him in his 
upbringing. “He was the vic- 
tim of the most appalling 
hypocrisy and narrow-minded- 
ness of a 19th century religions 
upbringing”, said Mr Levin. 

Quality in an age of change. 





•> r 











•s e 

cm , 





# ie 








“■ ■**■*»*• 

'—!■ vv 1 



Local council elections 

Substantial Labour gains 
forecast in London poll 

By Hugh Clayton 

•*' The Labour Party can expect a 
“very substantia! swing** in its 
n * favour in next week's Loudon 
council elections, according to 
" a Harris poll conducted for 
yesterday’s edition of London 
"■ Weekend Television's The 
■- London Programme. 

The poll, of more than 1,000 
’ Londoners who were inter- 
viewed late last week, suggest- 
' ed that Labour would taka 

■ control of seven more London 

■ boroughs, including Wands- 
worth, long celebrated by min- 
isters and reviled by trade 

The poll s u p p o rted claims 
made more than a year ago by 


ACTUAL VOTE 1982 (%) 
Con LUb AM 
43 31 25 

HARRIS POLL 1986 (%) 

Con Lab All 

35 45 19 

Mr .Kenneth Livingstone, then 
leader of the Greater London 
Council, that abolftion of the 
authority would rebound an 
ministers in the form of mas- 
sive Labom* gains in the 
coming borough elections. The 
GLC was scrapped a month 
ago, in spite of a saccesshm of 
opinion polls suggesting that 
most voters in the capital 

opposed the manner of its 

If die results of the Harris 
poll are reflected in next 
Thursday's results, Labour 
will probably emerge in con- 
trol of 19 London boroughs, 
with the Conservatives hold- 
ing 11. Richmond would prob- 
ably remain the only London 
council to be held by the 

Some of the Labour gains 
would be in hung boroughs 
like Hammersmith and Ful- 
ham and Brent. 

Such sweeping gains would 
also give Labour control of 
new post-GLC boards, such as 
the fire and waste disposal 
authority, which are nm by 

coundUaffs elected by majority 
members of the borough 

Although more than half of 
the voters interviewed by Har- 
ris thought that the Labour 
Party was too left-whig la 
London, almost a third said 
that abolition of the GLC had 
made them less likely to vote 

More than a third said they 
were less likely to vote Conser- 
vative because the Govern- 
ment had allowed the use of 
British bases in the United 
States Air Force raid on Libya 
last month. Barely more than a 
tenth said that the Libya issue 
would make them more likely 
to vote Conservative. 


for bomb 

Labour promises 
seen as ‘absurd’ 

Bankers wooed by 
bus in Liverpool 

By George H31 

An end to streaming and “A 3 
banding in local schools, a ban pose t 
oa sexist calendars in council Speda 
workplaces and a commitment tar anil 
to buy free-range eggs are public 
' among the promises nude in boroug 
L an 80-page local Labour party The 
£ “manifesto*' for next week's pmmk 
3 council elections in tbe London crimim 
fc borough of Ealing. practio 

* Labour, which has high lesbian 
hopes of regaining control m staff” 

- the Tory-held borough, prom- estaMs 
. fees to end afl subsidies to »_ 

private schools in the borough, „ 
except those Cor children with ^ 

disabilities or other special 
' needs, and to give pupils over . 

. sixteen the right to inspect i^h n 
their school records and decide _ ■ 

• if and when they can be shown Lh/Co 

- to third parties. earliest 

Rates in the borough would . 

. be doubled very quickly if the 

- policies in tbe document were 
,, put into effect, a local Tory 

MP claimed last night. Mr 

- Harry Green way, member for jIit* 
Ealing North, said that the 

cost of implementation would 
be enormously high. 

“The document is a trea- 
sure-house of absurdities, but 
it is also dangerous stuff. It ** * 
will cause moral outrage 3111 . 
among the electors, and its P* 0 ™* 
proposals would lead to a ofca “ 1 
severe loss of jobs.” gjj* 

The manifesto diverges fonthal 
from official Labour policy at £?**“! 
several points,’ and its call for 
borough-level operational con- cats * 
tool of the police in London The I 
will be an embarrassment to seats < 
the national party in its efforts Latov 
to emphasize its good relations membc 
with the police. indepen 

“A Labour council will op- 
pose tbe deployment of the 
Special Patrol Group or simi- 
lar units in either anti-crime or 
public order roles In the 
borough.” the document says. 

The local Labour party 
promises “the removal of dis- 
criminatory attitudes and 
practices, indnding towards 
lesbian and gay students and 
staff” in “all educational 

In addition “a positive wel- 
come will be extended to foster 
parents and adopters who are 
lesbian or gay, or who are 
single or working women”. 

Labour will end Ealing's 
privatized street denning and 
school meals services “at the 
earliest opportunity”, and 
campaign to gain control of tiie 
Manpower Services 
Commission's functions in the 
borough, tbe manifesto says. It 
proposes to encourage and 
fond ‘ "community 
enterprises”, not primarily for 
profit, but stipulates that these 
must impose “full muon 

In a three-page section mi 
animal weffare,the local party 
promises an end to the selling 
of cats ami dogs in shops, and 
to the sale of horses ■ in 
SonthaD market. It proposes 
to set up a Borough Pet Watch 
Scheme to combat the theft of 

The Conservatives have 34 
seats on the council and 
Labour 30, with three Alliance 
members and three 

By Peter Davenport £I 

Liverpool's leaders took to spent. La 
the buses yesterday with the “We have 
dual aim of persuading voters ers in t! 
in next week's council elec- expertise 
■ tions to keep them in power, building 
and to convince leading finan- money. ^ 
rial institutions to invest more together a 
money in the city. succeeded 

One coach contained four take place 
council members facing expuL next 12 m 
sion by the National Ex ecu- Yesterd 

live Committee of the Labour a directo 
Party for their support of Drew, est 
Militant, among them Mr pool rec 
Derek Hatton, deputy leader £500 milli 
of the council. They spent two ey to fit 
hours touring new housing scheme, 
schemes canvassing support whether tl 
for the policies which took the to service 
council into confrontation think that 
with die Government last large inve 
year. “You c 

In the second coach Mr impressed 
Tony Byrne, the council's problems 
finance chairman, was trying genuine i 
to present a new image of investmen 
Liverpool to the represents- back when 
lives of 40 British and foreign Morley sai 
banks and building societies something 
on a three-hour tour of new the pohti 
housing estates, leisure centres council cai 
and environmental pro- tng themst 
grammes, intended to wow the public 
the financiers how Liverpool as extreme 
was spending its money. He did 

Among those in the coach outcome o 
were officials of Phillips and tions wou 
Drew, the City stockbroking sions on 
firm that organized the last- Liverpool 
minute, £30 million deal with Mr Byn 

the Swiss bank, UBS, which tour had ' 

where £160 million is being 
spent. Later Mr Byrne said: 
“We have the land, the build- 
ers in the city have die 
expertise and the banks and 
building societies have the 
money. We want to get them 
together and we hope we have 
succeeded. Investment wflT 
take place in this city over the 
next 12 months.” 

Yesterday Mr Peter Morley, 
a director of Phillips and 
Drew, estimated that liver- 
pool required a further 
£500 million of private mon- 
ey to finance its planned 
scheme. Tbe question was 
whether the city could afford 
to service the debt He did not 
think tha t the climate for SUCh 
large investments was right 

“You cannot foil to be 
impressed by the dramatic 
problems here, and there is 
genuine need for a huge 
investment to put the fabric 
back where it should be,” Mr 
Morley said. “We want to do 
something that cuts through 
the political rhetoric The 
council can help by not allow- 
ing themselves to be seen by 
the public and city investors 
as extreme.” 

He did not believe the 
outcome of next week’s elec- 
tions would influence deci- 
sions on investment in 

Street ye 

(aret laying a pavement plaque at the junction of Bond Street and Ckffbrd 
lyto commemorate the 400th anniversary of Westminster City Council and 
the 300th birthday of Bond Street (Photojp’apb: John Voos). 

law reform 

‘Secretive JPs 
undermine law’ 

By Frances Gibb 

> The Government announced 
yesterday that it would publish 
proposals for a c omp re h e n si v e 

Magistrates who refuse to 
give their names when hearing 
cases were accused in the High 
Court yesterday of undermin- 
ing the system of open justice. 

The charge, was made fay 

SX^SSSaS counsel for Mr David Leigh, 

chief reporter of 77# Observer, 

au U Him out tailed to c o mmit ■ n 

itself to legislation in the next 
parliamentar y ses sion. 

The statement, from - Mr 

who is seeking a declaration 
that the practice of beeping 
names secret is unlawful 
Mr Geoffrey Robertson 

Wales where magistrates re- 
mained anonymous, •„ 

He said the practice was in 
breach of guidelines laid down 
by tiie Magistrates’ Associa- 
tion and had led to complaints 
by the Law Society, the 
solicitors’ professional body. 

Mr Robertson said tbe prac- 
tice of keeping magistrates' 
names secret at Felixstowe 

By Tim Jones '• 

A Labour-controlled coun- 
cil was .condemned as irre- 
' sponsible yesterday for Its 
decision to Charge police £165 
for making a security check ai 
a baO where Mrs Maigaret 
Thatcher is to address tire 
annual conference of Welsh 

Mr Peter Hubbard-Miles, 
Conservative MP ..for 
Bridgend, said: “It is truly 
amazing that after the- Brigh- 
ton bombing and with threats 
ofLibyan terrorists, lhai coun- 
cillors should try to deter tiie 
police from carrying out their 

< * 1 Tbe (leciskm to change. tbe 
police for searching the Grand 
. Pavilion at Porthcawl. South 
Glamorgan, was .taken by 
Labour members of Ogwr 
Borough Council who voted 
down moves to discuss the 
issue and approved the recom- 
mendation of a sub- 

. : The council had beenaSked 
by Mr Haydn Davies, Assis- 
tant Chief Constable of South 
Wales, to make tiie council- 
owned Pavilion available the 
day before the conference 
opens, on June 20 so that his 
men could carry out “neces- 
sary policing arrangements.” 

Mr Hubbard-Mnes, who is 
also a member of the council, 
said that as the hall, was not 
booked tiie day before the 
conference, the council would 
not have lost any money. 

“This was pure spite by left- 
wingers, and security should 
have nothing to .do with 

Mr Vivian Thomas, leader 
of the Labour group on the 
council, said: “We don't see 
why the cost should fell onto 
the ratepayers, when we al- 
ready haye hart to make cuts 
in leisure services because of 
the Govemment's.poliries.” 

. “In any event, our decision 
had nothing to. do with poli- 
tics. The Pavilion wasn't 

Norman Fowler, Secretary of 


MioJ?wta tare pie of “iff system o f jnsott 

ioasly .waiting a firm 

came to light at tiie end of a I booked, but we could have 

child-sex case last year. 

Four adults were each fined 
£400 for acts of indecency 

requires that the identity of with a nine-month old baby in 
judges and magistrates exer- a bath andthe chairman of tbe 

Stale, should be made avail- 
rewew oa child care law by the a £^ t0 ^ ^ ^ 

bench ordered a police inquiry 

had someone asking to hire it 
mid lost money. That ts'Wiy 
we derided to charge tiie full 
hiring fee.” 

Mr Edward Thurgood, Con- 
servative Central Office agent 

Mr Byrne denied that the 
tour had been organized to 

Department of Health and 
Social Security. 

There were nearly 200 re- 

” The only justification 
nee ping a magistrate's 

into alleged breaches by na- for Wales, who is responsible 
tional newspapers of orders for org anizin g the conference, 

banning reporting which 
would identify the child. - - 
When a reporter asked the 
court clerk for the magistrates' 
names be was told thafcit was 


rescued Liverpool from the influence next week's dec- 
brink of insolvency last year, tions. Thirty-four of the 99 

,u» name secret would be physical 

spouses to tbe report on the threat to his safetv such i in a 
child care law review, pub- ^rrorifl 

Representatives of the bank council seats are being- con-. 

were also present 

tested, and > Labour leaders 

They toured nine of the insist that they are confident 
council's 17 priority areas of retaining power. 

Switch of label could mean seat loss 

Ushed last Octobexyand most 
iff the proposals received wide 
support, Tie said yesterday. 

“Tbe GflTCTnnient wiH now 
draw up its proposals for child 
care law in England and 
Wales, and for day care, and 

Mr Leigh is bringing- the not the practice of the. bench 
case over the refusal of magis- to reveal the identify of magis- 

trates atJFehxstowejn Suffolk, 
to allow themselves to. be 
identified in court. 

But Mr Robertson, told 
Lord Justice Watkins, Mr 

ich said: “The police explained, it 
was hot possible to pay the 
the money out of public rands. I 
tes' jo Id them. I could not-put the 
was conference at risk and agreed 
uch* we would pay .the Ml” i .v. 
gjs- . . .. “IjH&ibe council's action 
amazing especially i&vfrw of 
the Jhe ^pumicity . the conference 

By Ronald Faux 

Mr Donald MacMillan, lo- 
cal grocer in Lodi Gflpfaead, 
Argyll and councillor for the 
mid-Argyll and Islay board of 
Strathclyde region, regards 
the territory he fe defending at 
next week's election frith a 
certain awe. 

It is bigger than Luxem- 
bourg and it would be quicker 
to cross the length of France 
than to make the joarney from 
the Rians of Islay across the 
scattering of inner-Hebridean 
islands to the Bridge of Orchy 
near Glencoe. 

The task of representing 
such a tract of the Highlands 
swayed Mr MacMillan to 
stand this time as a Conserva- 
tive rather than as an Indepen- 
dent “It is too much for one 
man without any kind of sup- 
port. The Conservatives were 

most easily the most progress- 
ive opposition so 1 had no hesi- 
tation in nailing my colours to 
them,” be said. 

Mid-Argyll and Islay does 
not reflect the overall charac- 
ter or political colour of 
Strathclyde, a vast region that 
contains ha lf tbe population of 
Scotland, is centred on Glas- 
gow, and is anassaflabty 

Argyll's problems coaid not 
be more unlike those of the 
crowded, urban area strug- 
gling to recover from industri- 
al decline that lies along tiie 

Mr MacMillan admits be 
has taken a rafanlated risk in 
joining foe Tories at a time 
when Scottish voters are 
smarting under increased rate 
demands and communities 
such as Islay — where each 

islander was mice said to 
represent £1 million a year in 
revenue to the government 
from the whisky industry — 
now face the hardship of 

He can only hope that 
people wifi remember tbe posi- 
tive achievements be has been 
associated with, fan-fading the 
£1 million roll-on roll-off ter- 
minal which the 116 islanders 
of Colonsay will enjoy .and 
various road and school im- 
provements. “This has all 
been achieved. They are posi- 
tive things and now I have a 
party machine behind me,” he 

yi j|| | 

The contest reflects the level 
of political battle grins on 
throughout rural Scotland 
with tiie Scottish National 
Party in positive form and 
hopeful ft can repeat the 

success in recent by-elections. 
Mrs Jean McGavin, the SNP 
candidate defended the seat 18 
months ago at the by-election 
which came after the SNP 
councillor’s resignation. The 
party has done well here 

They believe Mr MacMil- 
lan's switch to the Tories could 
cost him tbe seat, as he was 
only 50 votes ahead of the 
Alliance last time. The SNP 
shares some attractive policies 
with the Alliance — road 
equivalent tariffs for sea trans- 
port between die islands, and 
local government devolved to a 
community council level Some 
voters could wonder about the 
realistic chance of such 
dreams coming true without a 
Scottish par lament or greater 
power for the regional authori- 

JusdceRussell andMr Justice 
- fc. Mann that tore were m least 
10 “arts in England and 

mentary time can be foimd”. 

Costs are likely to be cited 
as an obstacle. Mr Fowler said 
that the es ti mate of imple- 
menting the child care report, 

ttates sitting urcorak -J . . amanm especially ia vi 
- Mr Leigh is bringfag the -Jto -puSCcrty . the confe 
case because he, . .So, was wfll bring to tbe resort.” 
refused the magistrates' name 
when be wanted to- write an 
article about the press cover- 
age of the sex. case. 

The hearing continues. 

Alliance criticizes expected £400,000 subsidy 

The Alliance candidate for 
the Rydale by-election, Mrs 
Elizabeth Shields, said yester- 
day she expected an an- 
nouncement early next week 
from the Government that the 
North Yorkshire Council was 
to be given an extra £400,000 
to make up tbe shortfall in its- 
budget in order to fund the 
new GCSE examination. 

Mrs Shields said the money 
was badly needed and that the 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 
timing of the announcement would be “staggered” if an 

would be nothing short of a 
desperate bid to buy votes in 
next Thursday's contest She 
described it as a “cynical 
disregard for integrity” 

Mr Nefl Balfour, the Con- 
servative candidate, she said, 
wanted to be seen as a hero 
just before polling day. 

But Mr Balfour seemed 
surprised by Mrs Shields's 
information and said he 

announcement came next 
week. “I have heard nothing 
about an announcement along 
these lines, but if it came,” he 
said, he hoped it would be 
seen not as a bid to buy votes 
but as a spectacular achieve- 
ment of the Rydale by-elec- 
tion with tbe credit going to all 

The furore over “dirty 
tricks” allegations continued 

yesterday as the Liberals con- 
tinued to claim they were 
being misrepresented in Tory 
election leaflets 
Mr Andrew Ellis, the liber- 
al Party's secret ary genera] 
said the Alliance had reported 
to the Post Office an alleged 
breach by the Tories of the 
Representation of the People 

supplied by a Government and 
local authority association 
officers’ working party, was 
£4.25 minion; just under 
£2 motion would fall directly 
on local authorities and the 
rest oa tbe courts and legal aid 

Without a specific commit- 
ment to a Bill or White Paper, 
it is thought likely that legisla- 
tive proposals will be m no 
firmer form than a consulta- 
tive paper. Bn Mr Fowler did 
indicate that a reform of child 
care law should aot wait for 
the introduction of a family 
court, as some had suggested. 
The creation of a family court 
is thought unlikely within five 

There was an advantage in 
“not delaying desirable im- 
provements fa child care law 
pending the possible introduc- 
tion of a family court”. 

Miss Deborah Cullen, sec- 
retory to the legal group of tbe 
British Agencies for Adoption 
and Fostering, said tbey were 
disappointed with Mr 
Fowler's statement and had 
hoped for a firmer pledge. But 

Victim of 
kidnap in 
record bid 

pig’ PoWs 
see MPs 

Brief respite 
for Geevor 
tin mines 

Mrs Jennifer Guinness, 
shrugging off the after-effects 
of her kidnap ordeal, sailed 
from Plymouth yesterday at 
the start of a record attempt 
through some of Europe's 
fiercest seas. 

Mis Guinness, aged 48, 
joined Robin Knox-Johnston 
to help sail his 60-foot catama- 
ran, British Airways 1, across 
the Irish Sea in preparation for 
the weekend attempt on the 
record for sailing around 

“I couldn't think of a better 
way to relax. I'm still recover- 
ing from the kidnap and this 
wiU help enormously. It's 
absolutely marvellous to be 
here, away from the 
telephone.” she said. 

Mrs Guinness said that she 
would be making a final 
decision on whether to stay 
with die boat for the record 
attempt, although it was al- 
most certain she would be 
remain on board, news which 

A delegation of British for- 
mer prisoners of war yesterday 
met MPs at the House of 
Commons in its «nifipi to 
get compensation from the 
Japanese government for be- 
ing used as “human 

Tbe 26 s urvivin g PoWs 
have been fi ghting an eight- 
month campaign for “justice, 
recognition and 

compensation,” their spokes- 
man, Mr. Arthur Christie, 
aged 65, said. 

“We are not going to give up 
our fight for compensatioo 
from the . Japanese 
government,” Mr Christie told 

Cornwall County Council 
has offered short-term assis- 
tance of £40,000 towards care 
and ' maintenance of the 
Geevor tin mines for two 
weeks. After the company met 
Department of Trade and 
Industry officials yesterday, 
an offer of a like amount has 
been received from the 

However, at the meeting the 
DTT refused to pay a £120,000 
grant for expenditure to Sep- 
tember 30 last year on the sub- 
indine shaft project 

The DTTs refusal, on the 
grounds that viability of the 
project has subsequently been 
called into question, has exac- 
erbated the company’s deteri- 
orating cash position and 
brought forward the point at 
which the board will nave to 
declare the majority of the 
workforce redundant.- - 

Mr Dafydd Wurfey, the Welsh 
Nationalist MP for Caernar- 

Chicago flight 
aids tourism > 

if the Go ve r n ment for- 1 pleased Mr Knox-Johnston. 

General elBcttcau 


c. mat. 16 J 42 . 

Lloyds Bank 
ish flow Account 
Interest Rate. 

With effect from Tuesday, 6 May 
1986, the Cashflow Borrowing 
Rate will be reduced by 1.5 per 
cent to 20.5 per cent per annum, 
which is an effective annual 
rate of interest of 22.1 per cent. 




Rosyth to get £220m 
base for submarines 

The Royal Navy Is to spend 
£220 million on building new 
facilities at the royal dockyard 
at Rosyth, on the Firth of 
Forth, for refitting nuclear 
submarines. The Ministry of 
Defence said yesterday that it 
will be the largest single 

1989, but the Ministry of 
Defence said that preliminary 
site work could begin next 

ward with a White Paper that 
provided the chance for con- 
sultation and comment on 
defects of die report, such as 
its exclusion of adoption, that 
was something positive. 

Tbe Children's Legal Cen- 
tre also expres se d disappoint- 
ment Miss Jenny Kaper, a 
solicitor, said there had been 
widescale consultation and it 
was hard to see what need 
there was for more. “What we 

The present record stands at 
88 hours, and Mrs Guinness 
said that the crew were hope- 
ful ofbeatin^it given the right 
wind conditions. 

PoWs yesterday presented 
new evidence, gleaned from a 
diary of tbeir internment at the 
Mukden PoW camp fa Man- 
churia during 1942 to 1944, 
which they mia shows they 
were experimented upon by 
Japanese researchers from 
Unit 731, a notorious germ 
warfare labo ra tor y . 

Smuggling charge 

Non-stop daily services be- 
tween Manchester and Chica- 
go were started yesterday by 
American Airlines, which flew 
in 71 passengers- 
In spite of reports, of. US 
tourists cancelling holidays to 
Europe, Mr Mark Silagy, for 

the airline, said it had detected 

no drop in business^ 

uiuc am unite. uiuu wc ~ 

want now are specific 

A Guernsey company direc- 
tor was remanded in custody 
yesterday in connection with a 
plot . to smuggle cannabis 

construction project ever un- 
dertaken by the Navy. 

The new facility, which will 
include two covered dry 
docks, wfll be designed to 
provide refitting and 
refuelling ‘facilities for all 
Britain's submarines, includ- 
ing the new Trident missile 
vessels, the first of which was 
ordered on Wednesday from 
Vickers Shipbuilding and En- 
gineering of Barrow-i n- Fur- 
ness, at a cost of 
£650 millions. 

The covered dry dock facili- 
ty will be about 200 metrft 
long. 165 metres wide and 40 
metres high. The new complex 
will be built by the Property 
Services Agency. 


Any change would cost mon- 
ey, bat do more so than the 
present system under which 

£53 million) into the United 

Mr Anthony Warden, aged 
41, head of the Warden group 

kS fa Iforaweek after being refused 

bail at Bow Street extradition 
court, London. 

He is being held on a-cbaige 
that on or between July 1980 
and December 1982 he pos- 
sessed cannabis with intent to 

. It is alleged that he fraudu- 
lently obtained £12 nullidn 
from the National Bank of 


Lovestruck Scottish toads court death on road 

The work, which is expected 
to be completed in the mid- 
1990s. which is when the first 
Trident submarine is sched- 
uled to be entering service, 
win create nearly 1,100 jobs at 
its peak. Tbe existing facilities 
will be used for servicing 
surface naval ships, once the 
new submarine facility is in 

By Ronald Faux 

A commission to design the 
complex has been awarded to 
a consortium, headed by Sir 
William Halcrow and Part- 
ners. Final plans are not 
expected to be completed until 

Rosyth, fa common with 
the royal dockyard at 
Devon port, is to have com- 
mercial management intro- 
duced to replace the existing 
Ministry of Defence manage- 

Toads that would a-wooing 
go ate causing a traffic hazard, 
on die main road between Arb- 
roath and Brechin in Scotland. 

Acting on (be oldest im- 
pulse, they swam in their 
hundreds in a narrow swathe, 
across tbe road which sepa- 
rates their winter quarters 
from a pond where they male. 
The exodus happens shortly 
after dusk, giving motorists no 
tune to avoid the carpet of 
toads covering the nod. 

“The slaughter is sizeable,” 
Dr Alastalr Sommerrilk, con- 
servation officer for tbe Scot- 

tish Wildlife Trust, said 
yesterday as volunteers moun- 
ted a toad watch in an attempt 
to keep down casualties. 

Apart from hardship far the 
Angus toad population, the 
experience is unpleasant and 
dangerous far any motorist 
who tries to avoid the migra- 
tion by brakfag bard on a road 
s meared with a qu a s bed toads. 

Ik Somervflle said: Tt be-, 
comes extremely slippery. The 
trust has asked .tire Angus 
highways authority to put Bp a 
Department of Transport toad 
sign to give some wanting” .. 

. A load takes an average of 

road bat -many take longer 
because they pair up. male and 
female, beforehand. “It is -a 
very competitive, time. The 
mates try to secure a. decent 
female as early as possible by 
gripping ber on the wrong tide 
of the road and being carried 
across to the pond on Jier 

. loads are creatures ‘of habit 
and, barring traffic aeddeuts, 
ran expect to live for about five 
yeaxs* A strong impulse annu- 
ally drives than to the. same 
pond, where arikstivefy 4bey * 

the appropriate night. 

about five minutes to wws tiie- ~ depending- on conditions and g gamtia 

the- weather, they afl aow 

busy roads is net x.w* 
problem and we -fry to help 
with volunteers who jpidc them 
up put them into buckets, 
carry them across and release 
them on lire other side* But fr 
is not possible 4b pfa down 
beforehand- tbe prease mgbt 

that the toads wflt decide to 
move,” DrSo«MvlBe.4aid* 

-Sadly," the toads' Mtural 
de fence a gainst .predators, a 

poison gland fa tbeskfawhfch 

makes them, tasa eottfryefy 
unpleasant for . anf-. -Dfrdjw 

aminstsn Articulated track. 

*5 ' v: 



1 y u 




of stress 

By Nicholas Tim mins. Social Services Correspondent 

hurse^f “2°?* Hi* n1ent y- toe result he said. 

jSSSiS fflJJ Jem an ^ toe of “the angel syndrome". 

National Health Service dear. “There isa myth among. the 

profession and among wider 
society of the nuise as the 

yet there is a “conspiracy of 
silence" about the problem, a 
leading specialist said 
yesterday. . 

Almost a third of nurses fell 
to complete their training, and 
the profession has high rales 
of sickness absence, with high 
staff turnover, compared with 
that for teachers and soda! 

The . suicide rale among 
nurses is “almost at the top of 
the league" and five or six 
times that of teachers and 
social workers. Nurses smoke 
heavily and have a shorter life 
expectancy than comparable 
groups, Mr Peter Hingley. 
Director of Nursing Studies at 
Bristol Polytechnic, said at the 
launch of a study of stress in 
500 senior nurses from ward 
sister level and above. 

Mr Hingley, director of a 
special project on stress in 
nurse managers financed by 
the King's Fund, an indepen- 
dent health research centre, 
added that about 20,000 
nurses, or at leas 5 percent of 
the workforce, are off sick at 
any one lime, according to 

iny on 

official' figures. Some studies 
suggested that sickness ab- 
sence runs at 12.per cent 
Yet nurses and the public 

nurse as 
angel.Therc is the belief that 
the; nurse, because of her 
calling and the sacrifices she 
rtiakes to the care of others, 
does not possess the feelings 
and weaknesses and frailties of 
the general population. The 
‘supemurse* cannot be affect- 
ed bysuch things as stress.’' . 

-Nurses themselves had ac- 
cepted the myth by denying 
that there was a problem in the 
face of mounting evidence, 
and by rejecting it as a failure 
of the individual rather than 
of the profession. 

He added that the difficul- 
ties nurses face from stress 
were well defined 25 years ago 
by Isabel Menzies, a psycho- 
analyst at the Tavistock 

She had saidTThe nurse 
protects herself from these 
pressures and anxieties by a 
distancing process from her 
work, from her patients, from 
her colleagues and by deper- 
sonalization of her patients, 
treating them as objects and 
things ratherthan individuals, 
leading in the end-lo loss of the 
caring aspects of her tradition- 
al rote." 

But while that , work had 

prompted many studies in the 
United States. leading to defi- 
nition of the “burn-out" syn- 
drome. only two large-scale 
studies had been undertaken 
in Britain. 

Mf Hingley is working with 
Guy's Hospital. London, and 
Fretichay Hospital. near. Bris- 
tol. to devise asimpteques- 
lionnairelo establish the level 
of. stress among nursing staff, 
so that health authorities can 
identify problems and find 
solutions.-. He said that the 
study published yesterday of 
500 senior nurses showed that 
85 per cent felt that they were 
overloaded at work; 

Staff shortages, or a ratio or 
too many unqualified toquah- 
fied staff led more than 30 per 
cent of managers to. say that 
they faced “considerable" or 
“extreme-" pressure. . 

Although stress could be 
positive. Mr Hingley said, and 
two-thirds of the nurses said 
they were satisfied' or very 
satisfied with their work, one 
in six was dissatisfied, and one 
in six admitted to frequent 
consideration -not just of 
changing jobs, but of leaving 

Stress in Nitrse Manaserr. 
King's Fund Publishii^ Office. 
2 Si Andrew’s Place. London 
NW1 4LB; £4.25. 

Airline halves Dublin fare 

An independent airline is to 
halve the return air fare 
between London and Dublin 
later this month in the first 
significant initiative since this 
week's historic judgement by 
the European Court of Justice 
in Luxembourg (Our Trans- 
port Editor writes!. 

Ryanair, a new Irish airline, 
is to offer a £59 one-wav fere. 

compared with £85 charged by 
British Airways' and Aer 
Lingus, and an unrestricted 
£85 _ return . fere, compared 
with £1 70. 

The service wiQ operate 
four times a day’ each way 
between Luton and Dublin 
from May 23, using 44-seal 
British Aerospace 748 turbo- 

prop aircraft taking 80 min- 
utes, " compared with 55 
minutes by jet from Heathrow 

Ryanair plans to introduce 
jets within a year, offering 
fester and cheaper services, 
Mr Derek O'Brien, the 
company's general manager, 
said in London. 

Funds plea 
from food 

Agrkadhire Correspondent 

Food from Britain, a mar- 
keting organization estab- 
lished in 1983 to promote, 
exports, yesterday gave the 
farming and food manufactur- 
ing industries another- two 
months to pitnride guarantees ' 
of future funding. 

It had set a deadline of April 
30, but has now extended h to 
the end of June, primarily to 
allow the National Farmers' 
Union io conducta poll of 
cereal growers on whether 
they will support a levy. 

Food from Britain wants a 
guaranteed annual budget of 
£4,800.000. of which £3 mil- 
lion win be provided by the 
Government this year and 
£2 million in 1987-88. 

But the Government has 
said it expects the industry to 
provide the funds thereafter 
and. judged on the present 
lack of enthusiasm, this is in 
serious doubt 

Bus driver to 
be disciplined 

Mr Graham Stocks, aged 
38. of Llandudno, the driver 
who drenched a party of 
schoolgirls when be drove his 
bus through air automatic 
wash after they threw eggs and 
flour on the floor, is to be 
disciplined by his company. 

He soaked the girls to put a 
dampener on their rowdy 
behaviour white taking them 
home from Aberconwy Com- 
prehensive School at Conwy. 

Chamois duty 
protest to US 

British leather producers 
have protested against the 
inclusion of chamois leather 
in the list of EEC goods on 
which the United States pro- 
poses to impose duties » 
retaliation for Spanish tariffs 
on .American soya beans and 

^Britain supplies nearly two- 
thirds of the chamois leather 
used in the United States, in a 
trade worth more than 
£4 million. 

London push 

The British Travel Centre, 
which is designed to make 
travelling easier for London s 
louristsand encourage visitors 
to use London as a gateway to 
other British rides, opened m 
Regent Street yesterday. 

School for 
drivers in 

By Clifford Webb 
Motoring Correspondent 

Nottinghamshire police are 
campaigning for a new law to 
permit coots to order drivers 
involved in aeddeuts lo take a : 
“remedM" driving comse- 
ln the past : two months 
drivers involved inaccidenls m 
tne north of the comity have 
been given the option of being 
prosecuted for driving without 
doe care and attention or 
attending a' one-day course at 
Nottinghmnshire Pofice Driv- 
ing School. 

All 21 drivas so for offered 
the choice have taken it up. Mr 
Frank Wallace, aged 64, said 
yesterday be accepted after his 
first aeddent in 32 years of 
driving. ' 

“It was a tremendous shock, 
a Wow to my pride. So, 
although I still do not think I 
was at fault I opted for the 
police driving course to check 
my driving technique and I 
suppose to restore my 
confidence," he said. 

- Mr Edward Griffith, assis- 
tant chief constable, said: “We 
are trying to demonstrate to 
the powers that be that part of 
the , punishment should be 
retraming.' We are only tun- 
ning our course as a temporary 
means of showing how it can 
be done with civilian instruc- 
tors and at property set. op 
remedial driving centres". 

He said that, if the law was 
changed, offenders could 
“jump the gun" and go to a 
remedial centre before their 
case went to court. In that way 
they might be ride to reduce 
the ultimate punishment. 

Mr Griffiths said the aim of 
the experiment was to improve 
standards. There were 13.000 
road accidente-involving 6,000 
injuries a year m Nottingham- 
shire. . 

Get tough 
call on car 
tax cheats 

By Richard Evans 
Lobby Reporter 

Tough measures against 
those who avoided paying an 
estimated £99 million in Ve- 
hicle Excise Duty during the 
past 12 months, were demand- 
ed -yesterday by Sir Gordon 
Downey, the Comptroller and 
Auditor General. 

In a National Audit Office 
report he says the rate of 
evasion — equivalent to 4 per 
rent of the revenue due — 
remains “unacceptably high". 
Although the Department of 
Transport had taken steps to 
tackle road tax cheats. Sir 
Gordon says: “Further con- 
tinuing measures are needed, 
particularly against persistent 

He adds: “The penalties 
imposed on evaders remain 
inadequate^ and the Depart- 
ment of Transport should 
continue to exert pressure for 
more realistic penalties 
A study by Department of 
Transport officials has shown: 
about 2.200 million owners 
evade .duty at some time 
during the year. London is the 
nation's . evasion bfackspot 
evasion rates were higher for 
older cars, particularly when 
driven by young men. 

The department "how 
spends about £7 million a year 
on enforcement of Vehicle 
Excise Duty. 

The inquiry disclosed that 
in 1985 the average fine 
imposed on licence evaders 
was £47. compared with a 
maximum available penalty 
of £500 for private cars. 

“The courts sometimes im- 
posed fines as low as £2. and 
the NAO examination, dis- 
closed no case where the 
maximum fine of £500 had 
been imposed." the report 

No soft soaping fans 

Bv a Staff Reporter 

Television soap opera fens 
are not gullible: A survey by a 
market survey organization. 
The Research Business, shows 
that viewers remain acutely 
perceptive and observant 
while watching soaps. 

They noticed, for example, 
that the same two people 
walked across the lobby of the 
Mirage hotel m each episode 
of Dynasty, and -that 
South fork, home of the 
wealthiest family in Texas, 
had no front door, obliging 

everyone in Dallas to come 
and leave by the patio. 

It was also remarked that no 
one was ever seen eating at the 
Ewing ranch, although much 
action revolved around meals. 
The reason was believed to be 
that someone .at. the table 
always got angry and left the 
room or, more often, the 

US soaps were perceived as 
fantasy, while British series 
were thought to reflect reality. 

£500 bill for flowers at funerals 

The average corpse , goes to 

its rmsi v- 

*ftb at * £506 w«to of 

flowers, aa onto* to. 

i* gs artide . that 

SriMflowew at fanewb 

* better donated to 

of TJu Tuna ri- 
-j^Tfbrowr such donations* 

she stio*s- A* anafes* 5 0f OM 


The Times showed 

By Robin Young 

that 17 per cent stipulated “no 
Bowers". A tether 21 per cent 
asked for "family flowers 

Of 550 mmovneeraems 216, 
nearly two fifths, suggested a 
donation to charity msteaiL 
CancerreKefand research was 
- the most popular cause; , and 
more than half I he requests 
neat to medical charities. 
tio 5 pUa!s and hospice*. and 
organization* concerned with 
health and welfare. 1 

Meanwfute ibeLondbrr bor- 
ough 9f-L£* bbam has signed 

. a contract with the Co-op for 
funeral services at a standard 
rate of £380- 

-A council survey showed 
that bereaved families were 
paying between £600 and £806 
for a funeral, and that some 
fonerri directors were working 
on commission. 

Lewisham's municipal fu- 
nerals will include doctors' 
and clergy fees, and will offer 
particular requests, such as 
Muslim bathing of the body, at 
no extra cost. . . 


Re-enacting the famous Sweeps Procession in Rochester yesterday, Carl Mason, aged 10, 
with his chimney brush and a sooty-faced friend from Elane Junior School. Above right, a 
Motley Morris man and, below, Shawna Ardley, aged seven, from Troytown Infants School. 
The procession was last held in 1868 when the use of children as climbers was banned. 

Seargill harassment denied 

Police who arrived outside 
the home of Mr Arthur Scar- 
gilL, the miners' leader, in fonr 
patrol cars denied yesterday 
that the exercise was “to make 
him sweat a bit". 

The High Court m Man- 
chester heard Mr Michael 
Mansfield, representing Mr 
Seargill. say to a poGce officer: 
"1 put it plainly. What was 
going on was a bit of low level 
harassment, to make him 

"That was the attitude. A 
man who you may have 
thought was too big for bis 
boots. Never mind picket lines 
— ‘We will keep him in line.' Is 
there any possibility of that?" 

Police Constable David 
Lawrence, aged 26, replied: 
“Not at all." 

Mr ScargHl is suing South 
Yorkshire police for exempla- 
ry damages by claiming he was 
wrongfully imprisoned outside 
his borne near Barnsley by 
police wanting to question him 
about an alleged speeding of- 

Another officer who attend- 
ed the scene, PC Ian Seargill 
(no relation) was asked by Mr 
Mansfield: “Was there a sug- 
gestion you wanted to meet a 
great man? No remote possi- 
bility you went there because 
he had the same name as your- 
self and was a famous man?" 

PC Seargill: “No sir." He 
also denied be thought Mr 
Seargill “was a controversial 
man you liked or disliked". 

A further denial of police 
attitude came from Sgt John 
Beattie, aged 41, who had been 
asked by Mr Mansfield: “I 
suggest you are not telling the 
truth. I think you were there to 
keep Mr Seargill outside his 
home as a bit of aggression." 

PC Lawrence had said earli- 
er that Mr ScargiU had not 
complained about waiting out- 
side his home. "We were 
talking normally, just the 
same as it would have been 
passing the time of day." 

The hearing continues to- 

Protest at 
plan to 

By John Young 
Agriculture Correspondent 

The National Farmers' 
Union has wrinen ro Mr 
Bernard Matthews, the Nor- 
folk-based poultry producer, 
protesting at his decision to 
import thousands of chickens 
which he intends to sell for 
less than £ I each. 

The deal has been agreed 
with Doux, of Chateau I in. 
France's largest frozen chick- 
en producer. The birds are 
understood to have been des- 
tined originally for markets in 
the Middle East 

The announcement by Mr 
Matthews coincided with the 
annual meeting in London of 
the British D ouluy Federa- 
tion. of which he is a former 
president. There was anger 
yesterday among federation 
members. . 

Mr Matthews has. in the 
past, been a leading critic of 
cheap imports. 

Mr Maurice Stokes, the 
federation chairman, said yes- 
terday that on present evi- 
dence many importers could 
compete only because they 
flouted EEC legislation. “Un- 
less Community standards are 
enforced, not only is the 
British poultry industry going 
to be damaged but the house- 
wife is going to be conned also 
into buying a product which 
does not provide value for 

, 1 he conductor and founder 
of the Haydn Orchestra was 
yesterday's winner of the 
Times Portfolio Gold daily 
£4.00(1 prize. 

Mr Harry Newstonc, who 
has been Director of Music at 
Kent University for nearly 
eight years, has been a reader 
of The Times for 20 years and 
has token part in the Portfolio 
competition since it began two 
years ago. 

Mr Nenslone. who lives in 
Whitstabie, Kent, and is about 
to retire from tbe university, 
founded the Haydn Orchestra 
in 1949. 

To play Portfolio Gold yon 
will need a new game card. If 
you have any diflicnlty obtain- 
ing one from your newsagent, 
send an s.aj?. to: 

Portfolio Gold 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 
BB! 6AJ. 
Rules and 

how in play 

information are on page 10. 

Mr Harry Newstonc, a 
Times reader for 20 jears 

‘Wanton’ killer hunted 

Wiltshire police are hunting 
a “senseless and wanlon" 
killer after a ■ girl aged 15 
came home to find her mother 
and six-month-old sister beat- 
en and butchered to death. 

Linda Sutcliffe found her 
mother. Jeanne, aged 39. and 
her sister Heidi, almost decap- 
itated in her mother's sewing 
room when she returned with 

her father. Mr Paul Sutcliffe, 
and broiher and sisier. aged 14 
and seven, to „The Buns. 


Detective Superimcndem 
Tony Burden, who is leading 
the hunk said: “ Whatever the 
motives for killing Mrs 
Sutcliffe, the brutal attack on 
Heidi was senseless and 

There was a time, back in 
the progressive Sixties, when if 
you’d spent your youth frequent- 
ing the Eton branch of Coutts 
in your bumfreezer, your 
chances of securing a Tory seat 
were severely handicapped. 

But the pendulum swings. 
Today there are forty-two Old 
Etonian Tories in the Commons. 

That means over ten per 
cent upper crust. Or does it? 

In this weeks Spectator 
Hugh Montgomery- 
Massingberd argues that Mrs 
Thatchers party has descended 

into a decidedlv middle-class’ 



And because ‘middle-class’ is 

now used so indiscriminately 


he provides a chart sortingTorv 
MPs into their appropriate 
social niches: upper upper, 
lower upper, upper middle, etc. 

Never before 
has the social 
anatomy of the Conservative 
Party been so publicly 
exposed. Extra copies are being 
printed for division bell area 

Following the death of the 
Duchess of Windsor, William 
Deedes recalls how, as a journal- 
ist during the Abdication crisis, 
he was not allowed to reveal 
what he knew. 

And fifty years after A. E. 
Housmans death, Enoch Powell 
remembers the “most power- 
ful single intellectual influence 
in my life”, whilst Auberon 
Waugh, in his exclusive Spec- 
tator wine club, recommends 
an excellent champagne. 

All in all, an issue to savour. 

And, to complement the 
good read, you will find the 
cartoons of David Austin, 
Michael Heath and Nicholas 



• S’ 
•as f 

• a: : 

U 1 

• ■ 

•et ’ 


•af ’ 


•te : 

•! e 

• ,c i 

• d - 






•li . 


JT . 


•yf ; 



• )r 

•> ' 
• u - 



•iy : 

•*- ! 


•sf < 


» t 










, L 


Prisons dispute 

Nuclear accident 

Ulster security 

Riots inquiry: Hurd 
invites officers’ 
association to talks 

Offer of help spurned 


Mrs Thatcher. the Prime 
Mininster. defended the safety 
record of the British nuclear 

Point. C); Despite the lack of 
information from the Soviet 
Union about the disaster that 
has seriously affected her 
nearest neighbours, the Poles at 
least are taking all sorts of 
measures to protect their cbU- 


The National Executive 
Committee of the Prison 
Officers - Association had been 
invited to talks at the Home 
Office with a view to the 
simultaneous calling off of 
industrial action and the institu- 
tion of discussions about the 
agenda for the future. Mr Doug- 
las Hurd, the Home Secretary, 
said in a Commons statement 
about disturbances in the pris- 
ons caused by the prison 
officers' dispute. 

The agenda (he added) was: 

• rapid settlement of this year's 
pay claim, including the 
outstanding question of a reduc- 
tion in the working week for 
prison officers; 

® immediate payment of tax 
compensation on housing allow- 
ance for I^SSSb: 
e bringing forward as fast as 
possible work on new shift 
systems and pay arrangements 
for detailed discussion with the 
POA. with a view io the new 
arrangements being in place by 
April 1 487. He added that that 
was ihe crucial point. 

Earlier, the Prime Minister 
had also expressed pleasure that 
the prison officers had called off 

Mr Hurd said there would need 
to be an inquiry into the 
disturbances. The form and 
scope of this (he said) will have 
to be compatible with any police 
investigation into alleged 

Prison governors are in touch 
with their local chief officers of 
police about the situation in 
their establishments. 

.After consultations with me. 
the acting President of the 
Association of Chief Police Offi- 
cers has opened the National 
Information Centre at New 
Scotland Yard to collate and 
disseminate information relat- 
ing to the police involvement in 
the current prisons disputes 
The Secretary of State for 
Defence (Mr George Younger) 
has ordered preparations in case 
military camps are needed to 
house prisoners as a result of the 
destruction of prison 

Arrangements have been 
made to ensure a coordinated 
response by all Government 
departments to the present diffi- 
cult situation. 

Although some of the violent 
action by prisoners may have 
been imitative, there is linle 
doubt that the occasion for it 
was the overtime ban instituted 
by the National Executive 
Committee of the Prison 

been appalled at the savagery understand that Mr Jenkins 
of last night's events and also may be sensitive about that, 
at the widespread nature of the but it has nothing to do with 
anarchy which has prevailed. this issue. 

We deplore and condemn the Mr Gerald Berm mg ham (Si : 
violence and would like more Helens South. Lab) said thaL in j 
information as soon as it is the absence of welfare services. j 
available about the report of recreational and other facilities 

industry during Commons drm. If any request comes from 
questions on the Soviet nudear that country for help io regard to 

two deaths at Northcye. 

What we need is an early 
resolution of this dispute. It is 
here, especially after last night's 
events which could and should 
have been foreseen, that the 
Home Secretary has 
inescapable responsibility. 

The only people who can 
remove the mandate for 
industrial action are the 
membership of the POA. In 
order for them to be able to do 
that they need to have placed 
before them a package from the 
Home Secretary for the 
membership to consider. 

I strongly urge the Home 
Secretary io instruct his 
officials immediately to get in 
touch with the POA national 
executive so they can discuss 
with them the basis for a 
possible agenda for talks. 

1 hope the Home Secretary 
will lake such constructive 
action urgently because a 
renewal of last night's arson 
and anarchy is too grim for 
anyone to contemplate. 

Mr Hurd: 1 welcome the 
change in his tone. He asked 
about reports of deaths at 

Jenkins: Governors should 
run the prisons 

Northeye. There were such 
reports, they came from a 
prisoner coming out 
Since the authorities regained 
control at Northeye they have 
made thorough searches of the 
premises and have not been 
able to substantiate the reports. 
If there is any change in that, it 
wiff have to be made known at 

At the begining of this week I 
found myself in procedural 
discussions with the POA and 
there was talk of suspending 

Officers* Association as part of action then, but particularly 
its dispute about manning levels damaging action had got under 

with the Prison Department. 

This both increased the pros- 
pect of trouble in the prisons 
and reduced the resources avail- 
able to deal with it. 

I believe (he said) that not 
only the public but many mem- 
bers of the Prison Officers’ 
.Association will have been ap- 
palled by the events of the last 
24 hours. 

1 therefore welcome the de- 
cision of the National Executive 
Committee of the POA to 
suspend its industrial action to 
allow talks at the Home Office 
to lake place. 

The POA asked in a statement 
for a reciprocal gesture, asking 
us to allow staff to work 
normally and lift threats of 

There should be no difficulty 
about this. Staff temporarily 
relieved from duty, that is to say 
suspended, can lift their own 
suspension by agreeing to work 
normally. We cannot start sub- 
stantive' negotiations until the 
threat of industrial action has 
been removed. 

Many of us (she said) were 
appalled that they ever took il 

Mr Hurd concluded his state- 
ment by saying he hoped the 
POA NEC would respond pos- 
itively to the package he had 
announced and that the talks he 
had set in hand would find a 
way through present difficulties. 

1 shall be doing everything I 
can to ensure that the control 
that has been regained in our 
prisons is maintained and that a 
constructive way forward is 
found from this destructive 

Mr Gerald Kaufman, chief 
Opposition spokesman on 
home affairs: The country has 

way in Gloucester and I 
learned it was instigated by the 

You cannot run substantial 
negotiations under these 
conditions and that is why I 
made the suggestion, and I 
hope he will Imd merit in it, 
ofa simultaneous removal of 
industrial action, taking 
account of the point about the 
rules, and agreement on 
methods of starting discussions 
on the agenda I set up. 

Mr Leon Brittan (Richmond, 
Yorks. CL a former Horae 
Secretary, said it was 
reasonable to ensure that the 
vastly increased resources spent 
by the Government on the 
prison service were properly 
managed and not wasted on 
excessive overtime. 

After what happened last 
night, the POA would forfeit 
the support of those most 
sympathetic to them unless the 
threat of industrial action was 
not just suspended but clearly 

Mr Hard: 1 agree. 

Mr Roy Jenkins (Glasgow. 
Hiflhead. SDP): He has dearly 
been right to stand firm on the 
position that it must be the 
prison governors, subject to the 
rules of the Home Office 
endorsed by (his House, and 
not the POA, who are 
responsible for running the 
prisons. There is one person 
above all who is responsible for 
the politicization of the law 
and order issue and that is Mr 

Mr Hurd: 1 do not read Mr 
Tebbit's remarks in that way. 
Mr Tcbbit was drawing 
attention to the results of some 
of the social legislation Mr 
Jenkins introduced. I 

the POA had a credible case in 
seeking increased numbers to 
combine adequate and proper 
care for long-term prisoners. 

Mr Hurd: Certainly the balance 
of tbe population in prison 
changes as we implement a 
sensible policy of keeping in 
prison longer those with 
particularly severe sentences 
for particularly heinous crimes. 

The aim of our spending 
programme both as regards 
prison places and prison 
officers is designed not just to 
keep pace with prison 
population but to tackle the 
problem of overcrowding. 

Mr Charles Morrison (Devizes. 
CY It is high time i prison 
officers lived up to titeir sense 
of duty and responsibility and 
negotiated responsibly, 
particularly as their level of 
salary is now second only to 
(hat of news primers in the 
national earnings survey. 

To reassure members of the 
public who live in the vicinity 
of prisons would he review 
procedures for security in 
prisons in case of emergency so 
that the chances of escape in 
future are less likely? 

Mr Hurd: I agree. I certainly 
agree that the inquiry which 
will be necessary will have to 
encompass the point about 

Mr Terence Davis 
(Birmingham. Hodge Hill, 
Lab): He said it has been 
necessary for the police to be 
involved at several prisons in 
the past 24 hours. Have any of 
these officers been issued with 

Mr Hard: Not to my 


Mr Alexander Carlile 

(Montgomery, L) asked if 
anyone had been injured and 
said the decision by the POA 
to return to work was a 
sufficient gesture for talks to 
be resumed without any 
further pre-conditions. It 
might be wise to have talks 
with a view to a no-strike 

Mr Hurd: There, have been a 
number of minor injuries but 
I know so far of no major 
injuries. It is something 
approaching a miracle that 
people were not very badly 
hurt or worse last night 

I answered a question 
yesterday about a no-strike 
agreement — and I think it 
would have to be agreement 
— but many people in all 
pans of the House will be 
attracted by that idea. 

Mr John Wheeler 
(Westminster North. C): Will 
he remind the POA that they 
are a uniformed service of 
the Crown and their 
industrial behaviour imposes 
upon other uniformed 
services of the Crown, such 
as the police and perhaps the 
armed services, an obligation 
to pick up their failings? 

Mr Hurd: J agree. The point 
comes with particular force 
from him as a former prison 

Replying to a later question 
about alternatives to custody, 
Mr Hurd said: We cannot 
direct the courts who should go 
to prison or who not, but 
where the courts can be 
persuaded that there are tough 
and practical alternatives to 
custody for minor offences. 1 
hope they will take that course. 
Mr Nicholas Soames (Crawley. 
C) said prison officers involved 
in the action had showed gross 
and inexcusable dereliction of 

Mr Harry Ewing (Falkirk East. 
Labi said the problem would 
not be solved by negotiations 
between prison governors and 
assistant governors and the 
Association of Chief Police 
Officers because a major 
problem was that prison 
officers could not become a 
governor or assistant governor, 
most of whom were direct 
entrants from the Wakefield 

Police not so quick to tell 
relatives after arrests 

By Frances Gibb. Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The promptness with which 
the police notify - relatives of 
the arrest and detention of a 
suspect when requested to do 
so is deteriorating, particular- 
ly in London, according to 
Home Office statistics. 

In the metropolitan area, 
the number of such requests 
not dealt with within four 
hours rose by about 50 per 
cent to 311 in the first six 
months of I9S5. compared 
with 211 in the first half of 

Outside the London metro- 
politan area, the police failed 
to fulfil 1.257 requests to 
notify suspects* relatives, a 4 
per cent increase on 19S4. It 
came after increases of 7 per 
cent and 20 per cent in the two 
previous years. 

I he total figure for 1985 
was still "only about one in a 
thousand of the total number 
of arrests", a Home OfFice 
statistical bulletin said. 

The bulletin said thaL in 
exceptional cases, requests 
were not dealt with for more 
than 24 hours, in 1985. 80 
such delays were recorded in 
5 1 cases outside London, few- 
er than in the past two years, 
and less than one in 10.000 

But in the London metro- 
politan area, the number of 
notifications not carried out 
within 24 hours because of 
special circumstance s rose 
from 18 in the first half of 
1 9g4 to 34 for the same period 
last year. 

Police forces varv in the 

number and proportion of 
cases in which notification of 
relatives is delayed. Half the 
police forces outside the Lon- 
don metropolitan area record- 
ed less than one delay of tour 
hours or more in every 1 .000 
arrests. A further 12 recorded 
between one and two delays 
per 1.000 arrests and nine 
recorded more than two per 
1 . 000 . 

The City of London had the 
highest rate of delayed notifi- 
cation. but its police force 
dealt with only a small num- 
ber of arrests. 

Suspects have a right to 
have someone notified of their 
arrest without more delay 
than necessary under Section 
62 of the Criminal Law Act 

Language difficulty in riot inquiry 

Interpreters were yesterday 
helping detectives to establish 
ihe background to a gang fight 
in Bradford Moor. West Y ork- 
shire. Police believe that a 
simmering feud between rival 
groups erupted into a not 
between .Asians, armed with 
axes and pitchforks. None of 

those allegedly involved in the 
fighting speaks English. 

Witnesses watched as two 
cars swerved Into a street and 
six men leapt out to begin the 
battle. Minutes later one man 
was killed and four others 
were badly injured. 

Detectives, who said they 

did not think the fighting had 
a racial motive, identified the 
dead man as Mr Talib 
Hussain, a father of three 
children, in his mid-thirties, of 
Hollings Road, Bradford. Lasi 
night three men arrested in the 
fighting were still being ques- 
tioned by police. . 

accident as second to none and 
called on MPs to support the 
excellent nuclear industry and 
its furthers nce. 

She refused a Labour MFs 
request to discontinue the Brit- 
ish Government's interest in the 
pressurized water reactor. 

Britain had offered help to the 
Soviet Union on technological 
aspects connected with the ac- 
cident but so far they had not 
seen fit to take it up. 

Dr David Owen, Leader of the 
SDP; Can she ask Sir Frank 
Layfield. who is currently writ- 
ing his report on the Sizewell 
.inquiry, to take foil account of 
the disaster that has taken place 
in the Soviet Union? 

We have waited many years 
for this inquiry Sand it would 
very helpful in making a final 
decision if be was able to take as 
much evidence from the Soviet 
Union as possible. 

Mrs Thatcher; The report of the 
inquiry is a report of conclu- 
sions from the evidence given at 
the inquiry and cannot go 
further and include matters 
which have arisen since the 

The reactor in the Soviet 
Union is totally different from 
any here, and tbe record of 
safety in design, operation and 

medicaments and special foods, 
will we not hesitate to give it 
urgently without any 

Mrs Thatcher If any requests 
do come of course we shall look 
at them with the greatest sym- 
pathy and do our level best to 
get help there as soon as 

Mr Allan Rogers (Rhondda, 
Lab): The Minister for Energy 
said on April 14 that the nudear 
energy was the safest, cleanest. 

maintenance and inspection of important? 

Brafne: Help Poland protect 
her children 

and cheapest form of electridty. 
Which of those criteria does the 
Prime Minister think is most 

Mr Cranky Onslow (Woking. 
Cy. She is being invited to draw 
comparisons between western 
and Soviet technology. Because 
the Russians failed to create 
their Concord ski, it docs not 
mean Concorde is unsafe. 

Mrs Thatcher: I think his 
question poses very neatly tbe 
differences of approach between 
the two countries, where we pay 
such great attention and stress 
on the need for safety in tbe 
latest technology. 

Mr Harry Green way (Ealing 
North. Cy. Would she seek to 
encourage an internationally ac- 
cepted safety standard and its 
application throughout the 
world - Russia, ourselves and 
everywhere else? 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes. I think the 
accident m the Soviet Union has 
stressed that safety must be an 
international matter and we 
shall pursue this vigorously. 

Mr Geoffrey Lofthonse (Ponte- 
fract and CasUefonL Labb Is the 
Prime Minister really satisfied 
that a nuclear accident cannot 
happen in our industry like it 
happened in the Soviet Union? 
If not, will she give the House an 
assurance that the Government 
will discontinue their interest in 
the PWR? 

Mrs Thatcher No. I can give no 
such assurance. 1 know he has a 
specific interest in coal, but 
there are other people who work 
in electricity and the nudear 
industry and work very effec- 

( Rutland and Mellon. C) had 
asked the Prime Minister to 
press at the Tokyo summit for 
the fullest cooperation and me 
pooling between, east and west 
of all scientific knowledge 
which would help to prevent 
any further similar disaster. 

Would she also say that this 
was the only way to build 
confidence in nudear weapons 
disarmament talks, if me? 
could deal effictively with civil 

Mrs Thatcher said she agreed 
wholeheartedly. These matters 
went way beyond the borders 
of any country and must be 
dealt with on a global scale. 

She hoped that all the details 
of the terrible accident would 
be reported to tbe International 
Atomic Energy Age ncy so 
everyone could profit from it 
and that inspectors would be 
able to go in to see and deduce 
precisely what happened. 

I agree (she added) with Mr 
Latham's deduction on the 
other point. Knowing 
something of what has 
happened there and how 
difficult it is to get facts and 
assessment, it should make us 
wary that in any arms control 
negotiations we must be 
meticulous to get specific, 
practical, stria verification or 
any agreemenL 

Big threat 
still being 
faced in 

Public Order SOI 

The Public Order Bill which 

this country is second to none. I 
hope therefore he will think it 
right to support the furtherance 

Mrs Thatcher They are all 
important. 1 would hope he 
might be proud of the record of 

hL, .hi. • makes changes in the law on 

rioL and on assemblies in- 
It ^ira ofourown technologic traduces new measures to com- 

such an excellent nuclear the nuclear industry in this 


Sir Bernard 

country and those who have 
operated iL 

It is one of our own technologies 
and be should be proud of the 
safety record and the way we 
have handled our nuclear in- 
dustry with safety and economy. 

•Earlier. Mr Michael 

bat football hooliganism, was 
read the third time in tbe 
Commons early today by 1 16 
votes to 14 — Government 
majority. 1 12- 

Judgment of 
court is 


The Government was very 
pleased with the decision of the 
European Court of Justice yes- 
terday on air fares, which con- 
finncd a view the Government 
had had for a long time that 
competition also applied to air 
fares, Mrs Thatcher, (he Prime 
Mininster, said during Com- 
mons questions. 

The people of Britain owed a 
debt to the Secretary of State for 
Transport (Mr Nicholas Ridley) 
for Us strenoons efforts to 
reduce air fares and further 
advance competition instead of 
rigging the market. 

She was replying to Mr David 
Atkinson (Bournemouth East, 
C) who in referring to 
yesterday’s ruling by 'the Euro- 
pean Court of Justice against 
price fixing of European air 
fares, asked: Does this not now 
pave Ihe way al least for 
competition to bring down the 
level of these fares to the kind of 
level long enjoyed in (he United 

Will the Government now 
discuss with Lord King as to the 
lead British Airways should set 
in this respect? 

• In the House of Lords, the 
Earl of Caithness. Under Sec- 
retary of Stale for Transport, 
said at question tune that the 
ruling was generally helpful to 
the Goveramment's efforts to 
secure liberalisation of air trans- 
port in Europe. 

We particularly welcome the 
fact (he said) that the court has 
made dear beyond doubt what 
we have said all along, that EEC 
competition rules apply to 

More women should get allowance 


Legal opinion bad advised that 
if the Government were found 
to discriminate against women 
in the European Court in June 
and did not pay invalid care 
allowance to eligible women 
regardless of whether they 
claimed backdated to 
December 1984. then the 
Government would be acting 
unlawfully. Mr Michael 
Meacher, chief Opposition 
spokesman on social services, 
said when opening an 
Opposition debate on caring 
for the carers. 

Moving an Opposition 
motion demanding invalid care 
allowance be made available to 
married women carers, he said 
the Government now had an 
undeniable duty to pay the 
allowance to married and co- 
habiting women. The motion 
also called for adequate respite 
care, and a flexible system of 

cash and other appropriate 
support services, such as home 
helps and home nursing. 

There were an estimated 5.5 
million people caring for 
disabled and elderly relatives at 
home. Carers saved the state 
something like £5,000 million. 

Labour would extend invalid 
care allowance to married and 
co-habiting women; appoint a 
carers' liason officer to each 
social services department to 
identify carers and assess their 
needs; and seek to provide 
respite care and a flexible 
system of other support and 
services for carers. 

Mr Barney Hayfaoe, Minister 
for Health, moving a long 
Government amendment 
which said the European 
judgement, not expected until 
June, would be carefully 
considered, explained that 
extending tbe invalid care 
allowance to married women 
would cost an estimated £100 
million a year, net of savings to 
other benefits. 

Talks could start soon 


Exploratory discussions coaid 
begin shortly with the two 
Northern Ireland Unionist 
leaders to see whether a 
framework for dialogue can be 
established as suggested by the 
Prune Minister on April 16, 
Mr Tom King. Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, said 
daring questions in the 

Mr David Alton (Liverpool, 
Mossley Hill, L): While 
welcoming that, does he sot 
think that, given the 
willingness of the SDLP and 

the Alliance parties in 
Northern Ireland both to enter 
into discussions without pre- 
conditions, that Ihe time has 
come to fix a date for the talks 
10 begin? 

Mr King: First we have to see 
whether, in view of the 
situation in which the two 
major Unionist parties find 
themselves, if it is possible for 
such a framework to be 
established. That is the first 

Defence White Paper 

The Defence While Paper is to 
be published on May 12. Mr 
John Biffed, Lord Privy Seal 
and Leader of the Commons, 
said during business questions. 

More prison officers appointed 

When he raised the issue 
earlier with the Prime Minister. 
Mr Neil Kinnoek, Leader of the 
Opposition, said; Now that the 
prison officers have suspended 
their industrial action and 
thereby given further evidence 
of their goodwill and sense of 
responsibility, why is the Gov- 
ernment adding stubbornness (o 
ns original folly and refusing to 
talk with the prison officers? 
Mrs Thatcher I am pleased the 
prison officers have called off 
their action. Many of us were 
appalled that they ever took it. It 
has been salutary for them and 
one would like to say thank you 
to the governors who stayed at 
their posts, io the police who did 
likewise and the police who 

Fire at 

Bv Michael Horsnell 

A fire caused hundreds of 
thousands of pounds of dam- 
age at Porton Down. Wilt- 
shire. where the Ministry' of 
Defence secret chemical de- 
fence establishment is based, 
it was confirmed yesterday. 

But it was confined by 
firemen to a suite of rooms in 
the neighbouring Centre for 
Applied Microbiology and Re- 
search. an operation run for 
the Department of Health and 
Social Security, which re- 
placed the former germ war- 
fare establishment in 1979. 

Dr Peter Sutton, director of 
the centre, said; "We handle 
infectious organisms here as 
pan of our work For the DHSS 
but that pan of the centre was 
not affected by the fire. There 
has been no release of infec- 
tious organisms and no hazard 
io ihe public. Secret work is no 
longer carried out here except 
in the commercial sense." 

The fire wrecked rooms 
used in pharmaceutical pro- 
duction and smoke damaged 
biochemical laboratories 

About 25 firemen took an 
hour to bring the fire under 
control on Wedncsdav. 

backed up the whole operation. 
Mr Kinnoek: The governors 
have strong sympathy with the 
conditions and difficulties that 
the prison officers face day to 
day when the rise in the number 
of prisoners vastly exceeds the 
rise in the number of officers. 

Unless the Government 
shows a more rational attitude 
than we have seen so far, 
industrial action will come 
about simply because of the 

K ressure in the prisons. 

Irs Thatcher referred to Gov- 
ernment measures io increase 
facilities in the prison service. 

The Labour Government had 
ignored all prison building. This 
Government had instituted the 
largest prison building pro- 

gramme in history. Spending on 
prison building was up by 400 
per cent- Spending on the prison 
service had been increased 85 
per cent in real terms. 

Mr Kinnoek was wrong. The 
Government had increased the 
number of prison officers by 
more than 3.000, 1 8 per cent at a 
time when the number of pris- 
oners had gone up by 12 per 

Mr Kinnoek asked the Prime 
Minister to tell him why Mr 
Sidney Powell, secretary of the 
governors' association, should 
say that the 12 percent popula- 
tion increase meant an extra 
5.000 prisoners and the 18 per 
cent staff increase was about 
2,500 officers. 

Hie judgement would be 
made the subject of a report to 
the House. 

Labour made promises to 
spend more, irrespective of 
whether they were beyond the 
capacity of the country to fulfiL 
Mr Mcacher’s commitment to 
spend £100 million a year on 
extending the invalid care 
allowance was on top of the 
£24 billion worth of 
commitments already made by 
Labour. How were they going 
to fund this? 

Mr Meacher said the £24 
billion figure was a fabrication. 
As for tbe £100 million on 
invalid care allowance, there 
would be a net saving when 
more people were kept in the 

Mr Hayhne said Mr Meacher 
was now not promising to 
spend any more money on this 
problem at all, yet his 
colleagues were constantly 
demanding the Government 
did spend more. 

NI Assembly 
MPs could 
lose pay 

There was great force in the 
argument (bat those who failed 
to take up their seats in the 
Northern Ireland Assembly 
should not continue to draw 
their salaries and the matter 
was being looked at very 
carefully, Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, said during Commons 

He also said there was no 
point in perpetuating an 
Assembly beyond the end of its 
natural life in October, or even 
allowing it to continue as long 
as that, if it was failing. 

Decision will 
put 800 out 
of work 

The withdrawal of the 
Rothman company from 
everything but cigar production 
in Northern Ireland would 
create another 800 unemployed 
people in tbe Province, where 
joblessness already totalled 
21.4 per cent. Dr Rhodes 
Boyson, Minister of State for 
Northern Ireland, said 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Children and 
Young Persons (Amendment) 

Lords (Ilk Debate on EEC 
maritime transport policy. 

t errorism 

There has keen no lessening of 
the determination of the Ulster 
security forces to fight 
terrorism. Mr Tom King, 
Secretary of State for Northern 
Ireland, insisted during 
Commons questions. 

In the past six days alone, be 
added, ilr weapons and 
1,7- Allbs of explosives have 
been recovered. 

Mr Timothy \eo (Sooth 
Suffolk. C) bad asked him to 
make dear, above all to 
Northern Ireland extremists 
resorting to violence in tbeir 
efforts to undermine the Anglo- 
Irish agreement, that the 
Government had no intention of 
being deflected from its purpose 
in signing, even if there were to 
be a temporary deterioration in 
the secoriry situation. 

Mr King: From tbe evidence of 
tbe past few days, onr 
determination to root ant 
terrorism from wherever It 
comes shoald be dear enough 
to everybody. Onr very 
successes in the past few days 
and tbe scale of the bombs 
involved are the dearest 
indication of the size of tbe 
threat we still face. 

Mr Dale CampbeM-Savoms 
(Workington, Lab): How is tbe 
security situation helped by the 
availability of kidnap 
insurance? 1 have a letter 
written by Sedgwick (UK) 
Limited, a City of London 
insurance company, _ offering 
kidnap and extortion insurance 
to a prominent citizen in 
Northern Ireland. 

What is he going to do about 
H? Does be Intend to tarn a 
blind eye or does he accept that 
be has a duty as a minister 
committed to some restoration 
of peace in Northern Ireland to 
intervene and prevent the sale 
of these policies oa the open 

Mr King asked Mr Campbell- 
Savonrs to send him a copy of 
tbe letter. It is an offence in 
Northern Ireland (he went on) 
to pay money by way of ransom 
to any proscribed organization. 

1 take a strong view. This 
question goes much wider than 
tbe one be raised. The whole 
matter of rackets, extortion and 
protection is something on 
which. I beOeve, we should take 
tbe strongest possible action. 

Time to get 
rid of trade 


Trade barriers needed to be 
reduced, it was time for a new 
GATT to get rid of some of 
them and Britain would 
continue to persevere with this 
line at Ihe Tokyo smooth and 
beyond, despite a great deal of 
hostility in some quarters, Mrs 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said during Commons questions 
shortly before tearing for the 

She was asked by Mr Peter 
Viggers (Gosport, C): The 
greatest single boost to world 
trade would be redaction of 
trade barriers and the 
promotion of genuine free trade 
throughout tbe world, and tbe 
reduction of the ofl price 
provides a good background for 
such a new initiative. Will she 
press such a new initiative in 

Mrs Thatcher: We do need to 
reduce trade barriers. 
Something like one third and 
ooe half of world trade is 
sabject to some form of 

Next week 

Main bustneas in ttw houm of 
Commons next week will be: 
Tuesday: Debate on Ihe situation in 
thp^PTBoos. Finance B»IL committee 

Wednesday: Finance util, committee 
s*a9e. Brlttah Shipbuilders fBorrowlno 
Powetyi BUI. remaining staves. 
Thursday: Debate on dime proven- 


Friday: Private Members' Bins. 

Main business in the House of Lords 
win be: 

Tuesday: .Animate iSctefiUflc Proce- 
dures! BILL Commons amendments: 
AWjeuBure a»y= second reading. 

Wednesday: Debate on the msls tn 
schools and need for more Investment 
In education and science. 

Tli^rsday Pubiic Trustee and Admtn- 
fatra bon of Fundi Bill. second reading: 
CSH Bill, committee: Drainage Rates 
(Dtsawed Persons! BilL second read- 

Sale room 

80 miles of | PC sent to 

Picture of James Watt 
finds national home 

By Geraldine Norman , Sale Room Correspondent 

The Scottish National Gal- 
lery spent £41.040 (estimate 
£ 1 0.000-£ 1 5.000) on Wednes- 
day night for an 8fi portrait of 
James Wau. whose pioneering 
work on the steam engine led 
to the adoption of his name as 
a measure of energy and 
ushered in Britain's industrial 

The portrait, which they 
bought at Christie's auction in 
the Edinburgh Assembly 
Rooms, shows Watt at work 
on the Newcomen steam en- 
gine. which belonged to Glas- 
gow University. 

It is a lamplit scene with 
Watt, dividers in hand, lean- 
ing across from a table of 
working drawings to gaze at 
ihe engine on his other side. 
The lighting., reminiscent of 
Caravaggio, combined with 
scientific invention, echoes 
Joseph Wright of Derby’s 
famous studies of science, 
which (he artist was dearly 
imitating. It is the work of 
James Eckford Lauder. (1811- 
1869). a little-known Scottish 
artist. The picture sale was 

Christie's most successful yet 
in Scotland, totalling 
£1.050.213, with only 3 per 
cent unsold. The reason was a 
happy combination of higb- 
quality Scottish paintings. 

The unexpected price of the 
sale was the £45.360 (estimate 
£L000-£ 1.500) for John 
Maxwell's "Circus Pony" of 
1941, a Chagallesque combina- 
tion of pony, flowers and 
circus girl. Christie's ex- 
plained that Maxwell’s work is 
rarely on the market and they 
had no guidelines for pricing 

By (he end of the morning 
session of Christie's lengthy 
Amsterdam sale of the cargo 
of ihe Geldermalsen. the pro- 
ceeds had topped the £7 
million mark. The sensation 
of the morning was the com- 
petition for blue and white 
lapering butter tubs, with 
domed covers and landscape 
decoration. Four pairs of them 
secured 37.120 florins 
(£10.032) apiece, or 22 limes 
the pre-sale estimate. 



By Onr Transport Editor 
Britain's road network 
would be the focus this year of 
its biggest capital maintenance 
programme, Mr Nicholas Rid- 
ley, Secretary of State for 
Transport, said yesterday. 

Some 80 miles of motorway 
would be renewed, reducing 
the backlog by 10 miles, and 
185 miles of trunk road, he 
told the British Aggregates and 
Construction Materials Indus- 
try in London. 

Mr Ridley said that not as 
much had been spent on road 
maintenance in recent years as 
the Government would have 
liked, but if the present renew- 
al programme was main- 
tained, the backlog in road 
maintenance would be elimi- 
nated by the early 1990s. 

Opiial investment in new 
road construction was 23 per 

rerro U P, terms since 

*? 79 - Mr Ridley said. This 
alone disposed of die theory of 
crumbling infrastructure 
The gains had been 
achieved largely by a 20 per 

SSL^* 1 ,n iHi constr uction 
costs since 1979. and by cuts 


subsidies lo finance road 


death case 

By a Staff Reporter 

Police Constable Brian 
Cheaer. aged 36, was commit- 
ted for trial at Birmingham 
Crown Court by the city's 
stipendiary magistrates yester- 
day, accused of the man- 
slaughter of John Shorthouse, 
aged five. 

Mr Chester, who was grant- 
ed bail, is charged with unfaw- 
fttjly killing the boy during a 
raid by armed officers on his 
home in Barra us Road, King's 
Norton, Birmingham, last 

Remand in 
plane charge 

A Jordanian charged with 
trying to destroy a jumbo jet 
ai rimer and conspiring to 
murder his pregnant girt 
friend, was remanded in cus- 
tody until Thursday when he 
appeared before magistrates at 
Lambeth, south London, 

An application for bail on 
behalf of Nezar Hi ndawi. aged 
31, of no fixed address, was 
refused Reporting restrictions 
were not lifted. 

' 1 

v . 

. • *»;■ 



»( - li V 



i * T . * 

K- • '• • 

,1 -* 




at Oxford 

research in i 

pose legal 


IfyLocy Hodge$ 

New evidence of a universi- 
ty oraro-foain is published 
tooay in a report from inde- 
pendent consultants who say 
that standards of research and 
tescfaing in British universities 
are at risk because high-calibre 
stair are not applying for 
academic posts and 
lecturers are leaving. 

British universities lost 
1.404 staff in the academic 
year, 1984-85, and replace- 
ments are hard to find, accord- 
ing to the report from PA 

Morale among academics is 
said to be at rock bottom, and 
tne supply of future graduate 
recruits to industry and com- 
merce is in jeopardy. 

Dr David Ingram, vice- 
chancellor of Kent University, 
said: “American universities 
made it clear that they expect 
to solve their difficulties in 
recruiting new staff by taking 
people from Britain's 

“They were very apologetic 
that this poaching was neces- 
sary. But thSy said h was a 
question of survival,” Dr In- 
gram said. ~ 

Figures from the British 
Embassy in Washington show 
that more than 1,000 engineers 

Graduate Starting Satoy 




S^spom . 

9440-11 .TOO* 


and scientists are entering the 
US from Britain each year. 

The report, which was com- 
missioned by the Association 
of University Teachers and 
the Committee of Vice-Chan- 
cellors and Principals, found 
that low pay and blocked 
promotion were the main 
deterrents to high quality ap- 
plicants for university posts. 

Although new graduate re- 
search staff start on competi- 
tive salaries of between £7,000 
and £8,000, they fell behind 
fairly quickly. 

By the age of 32 the median 
salaries of those working in 
the universities are 44 per- 
cent below those working 
outside and 63 per cent below 
the salaries of “high-flyers'*. . 

University staff report dis- 
satisfaction with their pay, 
deteriorating conditions for 
research, an increasing burden 
of administration and “dis- 
tinct pessimism” about the 

New recruits to the univer- 
sity system were seen as 
unsatisfectory by one-third of 

the academics surveyed- 
Among those who left the 
system one in five (20.8 
percent) went overseas, and 
•one in 12 went into industry. 

The survey was based on 180 
detailed interviews and 638 
completed questionnaires 
from six universities — Brad- 
ford, Bristol Warwick. Leeds, 
Glasgow and University Col- 
lie London. This exercise 
yielded a 59 per cent response 

A total of 192 main employe 
era were surveyed, whh a 38 
percent response rate, and 
detailed interviews were con- 
ducted with the BBC, BP. 
British Aerospace, the Chdl 
Service, IBM, 1C l PA consul- 
tants, Plessey, Wellcome and 
Arthur Young. 

There were signs that the 
brain drain might get worse 
because of the number of 
academics (91 percent) who 
believed they had a chance of 
getting work outside the uni- 
versity system. 

Miss Diana Warwick, gen- 

eral secretary of the AUT, said 
the report showed academics 

to be exploited, poorly re- 
warded and whh sony pros- 
pects. “This dramatic new 
evidence demands a speedy 
response from Government, 
with increased resources to 
save quality and standards,” 
she said. 

The Vice-CbureeBor of Ox- 
ford University, % Patrick 
Nefll QC, has said that the 
university could face legal 
action over its faflnre to mid 
fellowships for 38 academics. 

In a report to the heads of 
Oxford colleges, Sr Patrick 
says some of -the 38 staff, 
mostly university lecturers, 
are becoming impatient afer 
waiting more than a year fora 
college fellowship. 

■‘This is a point on which ire 
are legally vulnerable. It also 
represents, unite simply, an in- 
justice,” he said. . 

The problem has arisen be- 
cause although the oniveimty 
can appoint lecturers, it can 
net insist that a college confers 
« fellowship. Yet, according to 
tiie university's own rules, 
moat lecturers are also added 
to a fellowship. 

. Sr Patrick suggests that a 
panel of “three wise men” 
should be appointed to allo- 
cate lecturers to colleges. 

Bat some of the colleges, 
which insist on their right to 
govern themselves, are likely 
to resist any attempt to force 
them to give fellowships to 
university appointments, in 
spite of Sir Patrick's warning 
that legal advice has confirm- 
ed that “the university's posi- 
tion with regard to the existing 
non-fellows is at best inse- 
cure”. College heads have un- 
to May 19 to respond. 

On her twenty-second birthday. Lady Sarah Armstrong- 
Jones leaves her home in Fulham, west London, yesterday 
for the Royal Academy of Arts (Photograph: Julian 

Airlines urged to 
improve safety 
test procedures 

The 90-second evacuation 
time given for passengers to 
escape from aircraft in case of 
an emergency is not long 
enough to save lives, the 
Consumers' Association, 
which yesterday called for a 
review of the current test 
procedure, says. 

In its magazine Holiday 
Which?\t says the “approved" 
time for getting passengers out 
of an aircraft in case of an 
accident is not long enough for 
real emcrgencies. 

Tbe association says that 
many people can become 
unconscious from the effect of 
smoke well within 90 seconds, 
and it criticized the way 
evacuation tests failed to sim- 
ulate accurately true accident 
conditions when panic, smoke 
and injury can slow people 

“Fire and smoke are the 
major killers in all survjvabte 
plane crashes and passengers 
will be given a greater chance 
for survival if more is done to 

improve safety and escape 
plans,” the report said. 

Among the improvements 
suggested are: 

• Fitting smoke hoods to the 

backs of seats to filter toxic 
fumes; _ 

• Developing new materials 

to use in cabin panels and* 
overhead lockers which do not _ 
give off toxic smoke when 
burnt; : 

• Instructions for passengers 
sealed next to emergency exits 
on how to open them in an 

The Consumers* Associa- ■ 
lion wants these and other 
safety regulations to become ; 
standard international re- 
quirements. * 

The magazine points oat ' 
that flying is still safer than - 
travelling by car. 

Although it says that 1985 - 
was the worst year for deaths £ 
in airline accidents with 2.129 J 
people killed worldwide. 1984 
was one of the safest with 451 S 
deaths. “ 

• i 

- 1 












Strip-search plea fails 

Two women who have been 
awaiting trial since last August 
on charges of conspiracy to 
cause explosions, foiled in the 
High Court yesterday to ob- 
tain art order restraining the 
governor of Brixton Prison 
from ordering strip searches. 

Miss Martina Anderson 
claims to have been strip- 

searched 248 times and Miss 
Ella O'Dwyer on 227 occa- 
sions. Mr Justice Hodgson 
said that he was restrained by 
binding authority from gh 
the women leave to 
judicial review. • •* 

The trial of the women is 
due to begin at the Central 
Criminal Court next week 









grain’ in 

icnl tore Correspondent 

A Commons select commit- 
tee says in a report published 
yesterday that it is “profound- 
ly disturbed*' that large sums 
of public money are being 
spent to purchase and store 
feed wheat, which the head of 
the Home Grown Cereals 
Authority, a government 
quango, has described as “ut- 
terly valueless”. 

The report says: “We are 
concerned that we are produc- 
ing grain which we cannot sell 
for animal feed and is unfit for 
human consumption, particu- 
larly at a time when condi- 
tions of famine sin exist in 
underdeveloped parts of tire 

The report, by thc^I-party 
agriculture committee, casti- 
gates Ministry of Agriculture 
officials for their lack of any 
sense of uigency 

Final estixaatesindkate that 
about 5.500,000 tonnes of 
surplus pain were being held 
in intervention storage m the 
United Kingdom ax the end of 
t£±st year, the committee says. 

The Disposal and Storage qf 
Cereal Surpluses (First Report 
from the Agriculture Commit- 
tee, 1985-86. House of Com- 
mons Paper 23-1, Stationery 
office, £3.60. 

Bail plea fails 

A bail plea pending appeal 
by Judy Came, aged 46,tbe 

actress who was Jailed last 

week for drug offences, was 
rejected yesterday in the High 

She was given leave to 
appeal against the three- 
month sentence- 




Sheila Gunn 

Patients suffering from the 
effects iff pesticide sprays did 
not receive proper treatment 
because of widesp read i gno- 
r&nce about the symptoms, 
MPS were told yesterday. 

In evidence to the Commons 
select committee on agricul- 
ture, Mr Nigel Dudley, a 
researcher with foe Soil Asso- 
ciation. said the. police and 
others in a u t hori ty were also 
uncertain how to deal with 
complaints of spray damage. 

He appealed for ranch great- 
er controls on the spraying of 
fermlaod. Doctors also needed 
a guide, giving the chemical 
make-up of different sprays. 

Mr Dudley said foe legal 
position of those claiming 
spray damage was aiscr con- 
fused. Smne large insurance 
companies' were increasingly 
reluctant to payout on chums, 
and those who took legal 
action against : fenaexs often 
had to wait three or four years 
before their cases were lraard. 

The Sofl Association, which 
advocates a return to organic 
forming,; has called for a ban 
on the aerial spraying of 
arable crops and a change in 
spray machinery to stop 

In evidence to the commit- 
tee, which is investigating the 
effects of pesticides on 
humans, the association said 
many garden pesticides avail- 
able in Britain were banned in 
other countries. 

“Despite the hazards In- 
volved, garden pesticides are 
still sold with advertisements, 
leaflets and in containers 
which all uninhwire the dan- 
gers involved,” it said. 

Science report 

Vaccine gives hope to 
foot-and-mouth fight 

By Andrew Cogbhra 

Prevention of the one epi- 
demic among cattle which 
Burners dread most, foot-and- 
mouth disease, has become 
possible with a synthetic 
rise developed jointly by Brit- 
ish and American scientists. 

Dr Tim Doel and Dr Noel 
Mownl* of the U K . Anim al 
Virus Research Institute at 
PirbrigbL Surrey, hare tested 
a vaccine which carries key 

advantages over those used at 

Pr Tbe L newiy-devetoped vac- 
cine Is a chemical manatee- 
fared in lahoratonw, md&e 
existing vacant whiff coa- 
sist of an mactivateoor 
“killed” version of ti» 

rin& Itcr«nprisesi»rte^^ 

Tiros which arerecognired oy 
the bovine defence syrtoa. 
This, in tern, forms wh }J* 
or anti-bodies to combat the 

raorioe, made of ds&pah 
crifed peptides, b 
5 - sap*** to conventional 

wwints in three ways. 

“rt/ <*» »- 

to 1 be burnt when an 
risk Of T^.milir ■ ffr— fc** 1 - 


The hew vaccine shows 
promise also of giving kmger- 
lasting protection agam$t foot- 
and-mouth. disease. 
“Typically, masting vaccines 
hare to be administered twice 
a year to be effective. One 
thousand bfltion doses of vac- 
cine are administered annually 
in South America alone,” Dr 
Doel says. 

In collaboration with re- 
searchers at Eli Lilly, the US 
drugs firm, Dr IW and 
co l le ag ues are wurijting on a 
slow-re lease system whereby 
the mw vaccine would be 
leeched the aitiwfl i over a 
protracted period, forestalling 
foe need for booster doses. 

Vaccination is commonplace 
in continental Europe but sot 
in the UK whore the Ministry 
of Agriculture acts against the 
disease only in emergency. 

The last big British out- 
break was in 1967-8, when 
thousands of cattle had to be 
destroyed, costing foe taxpay- 
er some £60 nfflion to £70 
million in compensation to 
farmers. Dr Doel befieres that 
an outbreak oa a similar scale 
today cost about £1,000 
million. . 

Although foot-and-mouth 
disease » relatively tare in foe 
UK, it is prevalent la Africa, 
Asia.- South America, and the 
Middle East. It is in those 
areas where the new raceme 
would be most widely sought, 

Dr Dod befieres. 

But a number of problems 
need to be overcome before it 
becomes available' commer- 
dally, wbkh amJdbeasmnch 
as a decade away. 

Soil ice: Science. 2 May 1986, 
yd 232, pps 63?.to 64!.. 






A new Renault 11 with free mechanical cover from under £34 a week; 

p.a.flat (nearest rate 4»95^) 

Tl ££ 9.7% 


Renaultll Broadway 

Cash frrieeOnd. estimated on tfte road costs? 


Deposit 20% 

lb be financed 


Finance etwees C4.95% P-®-) 


39 monthly payments of* 


Total credit price ind. option fee c ” 

6535 .Bfi 

CUSTOMER SAVING compared to the cret&t 
providers' normal 1 2 % p^. flat interest rate 
C APR 235%) 






Peace of mind motoring on a budget; that's 
Renault^ financial advice for this Spring. 

And for a limited period it’s possible with our 
9.79b APR on every new Renault 9 and 11. 

These are front wheel drive cars with five 
speed gearboxes and a wide choice of engines 
from 1.1 to 1.7 litres including petrol or diesel. 

Our economics are flexible too. If the figures 
shown don’t suit, we’ll be happy to arrange some 
that do. 

Visit your Renault dealer soon to 
find out more about cutting your driving 
costs and cares. 



Without curbing any of your desires. ‘LLSSL 

t^rfferkaubiect to ered* status and voltes toall new Rsnauft 9k and nil entered and registered between 17th March end 31st May 1956 (offer does rwtineJudeChannrtlslMi. written «*jotatkra^ 
recuse ftsmWRnwIt steote*' (**• vukw Paaas). Omit fsdfttes pra/idod tv Rana* Loan Ltd. North Wait House. QCy Road. Chester &l3AN.CashPnceCcerrtrt3fitjmeofgoinotnpnesa>incliid«s 
. w*.^**^ and of ar^ii StJ rTiat^dftliuBryOTlrxgnb^ptat,^ Charge F 

KEWUJU reco mm end raff fabricon f s. 






1 - 




•je i 

•iy *, 



hi p* 




Moscow shrugs off nuclear disaster but facts point to a decade of danger 

Complacency reigns as 
Red Square parade 
ignores Chernobyl toll 

- n m • j i nr.iL. 


From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

The sharp contrast between 
Soviet and Western attitudes 
to the Chernobyl disaster was 
much in evidence yesterday as 
Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the 
Soviet leader, presided over 
the traditional May Day pa- 
rade through a Red Square 
filled with balloons. 

While the two compounds 
for Westerners were filled with 
anxious conversation about 
health precautions issued by 
embassy doctors, the tens of 
thousands of Soviet partici- 
pants seemed unaware of the 
magnitude of the disaster in 
the Ukraine. 

. Television coverage of the 
parade made no mention, 
direct or indirect, of the 
incident, and none of the 
banners made any reference to 
it Chants over loudspeakers 
delivered strong attacks on the 
US, however, for its recent 
underground midear tests. 

Soviet citizens watching the 
parade in sunshine appeared 
quite unconcerned about the 
potential consequences of ex- 
plosion, some blaming the 
Western press for hysteria and 

“The complacency being 
shown is hand to believe. You 
would think that all we were 
talking about was a fire at an 
oil refinery ” said one Ameri- 
can in the cordoned-off view- 
ing section close to Lenin's 
marble tomb. “People appear 
genuinely ignorant about the 
long-term effects of a radia- 
tion leak on this scale." 

Mrs Raisa Gorbachov was 

British view 

Rigid code 
of safety 
covers UK 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

The two men at the centre 
of Britain's nuclear energy 
programme claimed yesterday 
that an accident on the scale of 
Chernobyl could never hap- 
pen here because of Britain's 
high safety standards. 

■ Lord Marshall, chairman of 
the Central Electricity Gener- 
ating Board, and Lord King, 
whose company. Babcock, has 
won the construction contract 
for Sizewell nuclear power 
station, were addressing mem- 
bers of the British Nuclear 

Lord Marshall said: “Using 
British safety standards, the 
Russian design wouldn't even 
get past first base". 

He said that when he was 
working as a scientist with the 
UK Atomic Energy Authority 
in the 1960s, he was asked to 
examine Government propos- 
als to build a sophisticated 
version of the Russian design. 
He ruled it out on safety 

Lord King maintained that 
nuclear power was fundamen- 
tal to the prosperity of Britain, 
which had built up standards 
of safety second to none in the 
world and had stuck to them 

standing close by, in an ele- 
gant matching black hat and 
tailored cape, but there was no 
indication whether her choice 
of outfit had any symbolic 
meaning of mourning. The 
concensus among diplomats 
was that it did not. 

Although Mr Gorbachov 
appeared outwardly as confi- 
dent as usual watching the 
columns of workers marching 
by, many Western observers 
believe that his internal and 
external credibility mire have 
been damaged both by his 
handling of the disaster and by 
its long-term economic con- 

“The bread-basket of the 
Soviet Union is in the 
Ukraine, and there is growing 

Pregnancy fears 

Jerusalem — An Israeli radio 
ham in contact with a fellow 
ham in the Kiev area said he 
was told flat 300 people had 
died after the accident (Ian 
Murray writes). The authori- 
ties had ordered all pregnant 
women to leave the area most 
affected by (afloat. 

evidence to suggest that the 
long-term results there are 
going to be bad." said an 
American economic expert in 
the crowd. "The world, and 
particularly Europe, will take 

die was looking forward to 
meeting Mrs Nancy Reagan 
again at the Washington sum- 
mit which Soviet sources now 
predict will be in September, 
toe parade contained giant 
banners with slogans attacking 
US “imperialism" and the 
Strategic Defence Initiative. 

Because of the Kremlin's 
reluctance to reveal details of 
toe Chernobyl disaster, and its 
complete failure to issue any 
health warnings to Soviet 
citizens, the concern of West- 
erners — particularly the 
mothers of young children — 
stood out strongly against toe 
festive atmosphere of the 

Among the crowds lining 
the route, one middle-aged 
woman waving a red flag and 
carrying a bunch of gaudy 
artificial flowers said: “We 
have been toid that there is 
nothing to worry about, and 
that is what we believe, ft is 
people in the West who Irate 
communism who are telling 
lies about thousands of people 

One mother from the West- 
ern diplomatic community, 
who had just been instructed 
to stop her children eating 
Soviet milk products and who 
was well aware of the possible 
effects on meat vegetables 
and fish, said: "Of course 1 am 
worried about myself and the 

" : .V * 

A" ^*i r • : . . .u v‘ . . + . ti 


iv;': ‘ 

* £ TV'c. 

< v 4 

■iiA. ^ ' r "~m ' * 


Girls in traditional costume taking part in the May Day parade yesterday in Kiev, 60 miles from the Chernobyl nuclear 
plant Below, Mr Mikhail Gorbachov, the Soviet leader, waving to the May Day parade in Red Square in Moscow. 

a long time to forget how he - children. But one also worries 
kept his neighbours in the about toe Russians. They 


Although Mrs Gorbachov 
told Western journalists that 

must face the same dangers as 
us. but don’t seem to know 
anything about it" 

Hazards for ten years in massive area 

Sowing the seeds of a deadly harvest 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

The Chernobyl disaster may 
have sown the seeds erf a 
deadly harvest for millions of 
Russians, scientists said yes- 
terday. A huge area — as big as 
most of England and Scotland 
combined — could be hazard- 
ous for at least a decade. 

Western experts trying to 
assess the blight of radiation 
on the Soviet landscape be- 
lieve that the health, social 
and economic consequences 
could represent a “worst-case 

Many thousands of square 
miles of prime agricultural 

titles of crops, meat, milk and 
cheese. But a high percentage 

land could be unusable for of those foodstuffs could have 

The pre 
time have 

years, forcing mass resettle- 
ments of focal populations. 

The prevailing winds at the 
time have probably deposited 
extremely high levels of radio- 
activity on a vast swathe of 
conn try side, stretching north- 
west of the nudear plant to the 
north-eastern corner of Poland 
and dose to the Soviet Baltic 
coast. ' ~ 

The area indodes some of 
the Ukrainian “bread basket" 
that produces enormous quan- 

The vast area that experts fear may be hazardous for a de- 
cade — almost as big as England and Scotland combined. 

to be jettisoned because of 
contamination that would take 
many years to decline to safe 

One expert said yesterday: 
“The disaster may have creat- 
ed a wasteland in which H 
would be unsafe to raise cattle 
Or other livestock, to grow 
fruit, vegetables and winter 
grains such as wheat and 
barley. Dairy products would 
also be contaminated." 

He said that evacuations 
woe likely to continue on a 
large scale in areas within 50 
miles north of Chernobyl, and 
communities much further 
afield might be forced to 
abandon their collective forms 
and seek resettlement. 

“The total area that is 
seriously contaminated proba- 
bly stretches the equivalent 
distances between Brighton 
and Aberdeen in one direction 
and Brighton and Enter in 
the other," be said. 

A high rate of cancer is 
likely within the several mil- 
lion people now living in that 
area within the next decade, 
another scientist said. 

“The Gist cases, probably of 
leukaemia, may start to 
emerge after three to five 
years," said Dr Mike Thorne, 
British secretary of the Inter- 

national Commission of Ra- 
diological Protection. “A lar- 
ger number of cases Is likely in 
toe following years." 

Without accurate data on 
tiie levels of contamination, 
hard figures could be no more 
than speculation, but between 

1,000 and 2,000 cases of from our own sources we 
cancer or inherited disease per . 

Russians refuse aid offer 

Reagan hits at 
news blackout 

From Michael Bmyon, Washington 

The Russians had expressed know more than the Soviets 
appreciation of the US offer of have told us." 
hel” in the ™ke of to He also said that tbe US 
Chernobyl disaster, but did suspected that the casualty toll 
not see any ne^ far tt. Mr wis considerably higher than 
Geo'Ee Stmltz. the US Secre- ^, e wo dead and 197 taken to 
15 evening reported by Tass. 

with President Reaga n m to Reagan had been briefed 
fitr^aidyestetday. daily. bithad no tons to 
fe ! t *he y «ra ade- tel ^hone Mr Gorbachov, to 
q^telyeqtnppedto^ wto leadcr 


conclusion,” he said in Bali. <*<£ S 0 ™* I ^ re ?P‘ 

Both President Reagan and spokesman, wh o is m to US 
Mr Shultz criticized Moscow a conferrace. said on 
for not having released more television herethalcveiythmg 
information more quickly. ™ under cotaxo * 

“They’re usually a little close- He said that the Soviet 

mouthed about these things. Union had reported the acd- 
and this is no exception," Mr dent the moment it knew 
Reagan said. about ft. 

Mr Shultz accused the Rus- In a personal message to 
sians of having foiled to live President Reagan, however, 
up to international obligations Mr Gorbachov said that the 
to notify countries that might accident began on Friday. The 
be affected. “The foci is that first Soviet announcement 
from our own sources we came on Monday. 


on terms 

Algiers (Renter) — An agen- 
da for direct peace talks to end 
the Gulf War has been accept- 
ed by Iran and Iraq, but they 
di^gra^ on^ oe^ eOTe^terms, 

fior Javier Perez de Cuellar, 
was quoted as saying. 

In an interview published 
by the Algerian magazine 
Algtrie Adualite. he outlined 
toe immediate prospects for 
an oxl to the five-year-old 

“Hie principle of an eight- 
point agenda tor direct negoti- 
ations between the parties has 
been accepted. The two par- 
ties, however, remain opposed 
on how u> achieve a cessation 
of hostilities," he said. 

• BAHRAIN: A Saudi Arabi- 
an tanker was hit and set 
ablaze in an apparent Iranian 
missile m toe southern 

ruled legal 

Brussels (Reuter) — The 
European Parliament has 
ruled that ft has no power to 
outlaw bullfighting. 

The rules and petitions 
committee has declared as 
unacceptable several petitions 
demanding a has on the 
traditional corrida now that 
Spain and Portugal have 
joined the EEC 

Highest pass 
for tourists 

Khunjerab Pass, Pakistan 
(Reuter) — Pakistani and Chi- 
nese officials have opened the 
highest border crossing in the 
world to tourists hearty and 
adventurous enough to cross 

Suxrounded by snow-cov- 
ered peaks, the officials, cold 
and short of breath in the thin 
air, cut a ribbon in a short 
ceremony to open the 1 5,072- 
ft pass between Pakistan and 

million of the population was 
not unrealistic, be said. 

Dr Thorne agreed with oth- 
er estimates of die area affect- 
ed. “One of the most 
dangerous substances emitted 
from Chernobyl is caecum- 
137, which is known to bind 
itself to the soft. It is taken 19 
by the roots of plants and thus 
miters the food chain. It also 
persists in the atmosphere. 

“As a result, people and 
animals are exposed both to 
the external effects of radia- 
tion and the effects of consum- 
ing aatmal foods growing from 
contaminated soil," be said. 

Caesium basa half-life of 30 
years, which means that its 
radioactivity decreases by half 
after 30 years, and half of that 
percentage 30 yean later, and 

Although Swedish scientists 
have recorded only — junta 
quantities of the substance 
carried by winds from Cher- 
nobyl, it is certain that very 
high levels were emitted and 
deposited over Soviet territory. 

Radiation levels 

Romania registers a 
rise in north-east 

By Our Foreign Staff • STOCKHOLM: Radiation 
„ .. over Sweden dropped sharply 

Vienna Romania said during the ni gh t Swedish 
yesterday it has registered an authorities said/ 
overnight rise in radioactivity Officials at the Radiological 
in the north-east of the Protection Institute said *hat 

country. samples from helicopters and 

The official Agerpres news aircraft and Haig from ground 
agency says that a committee monitoring stati ons showed 
has been established to mom- levels only 20 per rent of those 
tor the situation.No indica- on Wednesday 
lion was given of the extent of in toe most affected area in 

the rise or whether it meant a eastern Sweden, where radio- 
danger to health. activity had been about 10 

Czechoslovakia said that times higher than normal, the 
measurements there indicated level had fallen to just double 
no danger to health, but did normaL 
not say whether any rise had • BONN: Levels in West 
been detected. Germany fell steadily after a 

Ten Austrians evacuated slight initial rise, officials said, 
from the Ukraine were found • GENEVA: Levels in Swit- 
to be suffering from slight but ' Zetland continued to rise yes- 
not dangerous radioactivity terday but they posed no 
contamination, experts said in threat to health, nationwide 
Vienna. monitoring centres said. 

Old-fashioned end to Police detain 
Wa'dheim camitaign 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna _ n.a- 

Velvet waistcoats, pink and 
while dirndls, grey suits with 
green facings: Graz enjoys 
dressing up for visiting 

The second largest city in 
Austria and. with Salzburg, 
that part which gave Hitler his 
most enthusiastic welcome in 
1938, is perhaps not a surpris- 
ing place for Dr Kurt Wald- 
heim to round off his cam- 

While toe red paper carna- 
tions of the Socialists and 
thegiant, rather sinister por- 
traits of Dr Waldheim's So- 
cialist rival. Dr Kurt Steyrer, 
were to be seen all over 
Vienna yesterday for May 
Day celebrations, Graz 
drowned any such demonstra- 
tions with the bells of its IS 
baroque churches and a hearty 
welcome for the former UN 

As he and his wife strolled 
among the stalls of the city’s 
celebrated spring trade fair 
yesterday , they were mobbed 
with requests for autographs. 

A small group of tradesmen 
wearing red carnations looked 
on uneasily. But any thoughts 
they might have had of staging 
a spontaneous protest were 
banished by the presence of 
about! a dozen uniformed 
students bearing flags and 
sabres as they drank at a bar. 

“They look really nasty," 
observed a Swedish journalist, 
who had clearly been unaware 
that anything like this could 
exist outside an Erich von 
Stroheim film. “Do Austrian 
students still fight duels with 
sabres?" he asked. 

■ An old man in mackintosh 
and britches, seeing toe 
journalist's interest and his 
pen poised, rushed up to say: 
“Make sure you write the 
truth, the naked truth." 

What was the truth? “Wald- 
heim is the only man to lead 
Austria, and he certainly was 
never a war criminal. 

“You cannot believe the 
World Jewish Congress. I was 
an officer during toe war, and 
believe me the post-war Gov- 
ernment of this country, 
which bad spent most of its 
time in concentration camps, 
would never have given Wald- 
heim a job in 1948 if he had 
really had anything to do with 
toe Nazis." 

Another grey-haired man 
with side-whiskers, who pro- 
fessed himself a monarchist, 
added more convincingly: 
“Look, toe man spent seven 
years in the German Army 
and only made it from ensign 
to first lieutenant. He just 
couldn’t have been a commit- 
ted Nazi." 

“The entire campaign 
against Waldheim is the work 
of the Socialists, who are 
terrified of having to work 
with a President who is not of 
their party." said an expansive 
lady in a dirndl selling frank- 
furters. The students, leaning 
on their sabres, nodded. 

“You see, this is all the 
World Jewish Congress's 
fault," an Austrian journalist 
confided, casting a glance at 
the uniforms. Thanks to them, 
all these “cranks and lunatics" 
were now going to vote for Dr 

Like many Austrians who 
are hoping Dr Waldheim will 
win but are not anti -Semitic, 
the journalist was horrified at 
what had happened in Austria 
over the past few weeks. “If he 
wins, he'll win with toe sup- ! 
port of all the wrong people i 
and on the crest of a wave of ; 
some of the most xenophobic 
and ami-semitic feelings this 
country has ever known." 

hundreds in 
Santiago slum 

Santiago (Reuter) — Chilean 
police, troops and security 
agents swept through Santiago 
slums yesterday for the second 
day in succession, rounding 
up hundreds of youths and 
men in a crackdown on guer- 
rilla violence, witnesses said. 

Journalists saw hundreds of 
men lined up on a football 
pitch, but were later forced to 
leave the area. 

In a separate incident, a 
suspected guerrilla was shot in 
toe neck in a gunbattle with 
security forces and was taken 
to haspiiaL 

Sikh extremist leader arrested 

Mr J.F. Ribeiro, the Punjab 
police chief, claims that his 
raid on the Golden Temple at 
Amritsar was a success. 

Those detained yesterday 
included Bhai Gurdev Singh, 
named by extremists as high 
priest of the Aka! Takht, the 
immortal throne of Sikh tem- 
poral as well as spiritual 

He and other extremists 
who had taken sanctuary in 
toe centre of toe temple were 
persuaded to give themselves 

Bhai Gurdev Singh was toe 
only one to be taken of the 

From Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

five-man committee set up by 
the extremists to run the 
affairs of the Sikhs from the 
temple. The others have gone 
underground with a large 
number of other militants, 
evading police capture. 

Police would have liked to 
capture Mr Harinder Singh 
Kahlon, leader of a breakway 
Sikh student faction, but be 
too had slipped away. 

“Our main objective was to 
flush out toe terrorists and 
criminal elements who had 
taken refuge in toe complex," 
Mr Ribeiro said yesterday, 
“and to hand it over to the 

Shiromani Gurdwara 
Prabamdhak Committee (toe 
supreme temple management 
committee), its legal custodi- 
an. In that I have succeeded in 
achieving the object" 

Mr Ribeiro said that one 
person had died and two were 
wounded during the seizure of 
the temple. 

The police chief added that \ 
300 people had been rounded 
up and were being screened at 
police headquarters. 

ft was mainly a police 
operation, but 25 companies 
of paramilitary police were 
also involved. 

Okello troops 
attack Sudan 
refugee camps 

Kampala (AP) — Soldiers 
loyal to the ousted Ugandan 
leader. General Tito Okello, 
attacked 17 Sudanese refugee 
camps on the eastern hank* of 
the Nile on' Sunday and 
Monday, killing an unknown 
number of people, raping 
women and burning huts, 
Radio Uganda reported 

The state-owned station 
quoted the Ugandan Defence 
Minister, Mr Ronald Bata, as 
saying that 14,000 Ugandans 
from toe camps were trying to 
return home. 


War on drugs 

. Lima (Reuter)— Five South 
American nations — Peru, 
Bolivia. Colombia. Venezuela 
and Ecuador — have signed a 
co-operation pact to fight toe 
international cocaine trade: 

Base captured 

JChartoum (Reuter) — Su- 
dan troops have captured a big 
rebel supply hue in.' Upper 
Nile province near the Ethio- 
pian border after three days of 
fighting, according to foe offi- 
cial news agency. ... 

Gang killing 

Foggia (Reuter) — Two 
masked men burst into a 
private dub m this southern 
Italian town and shot dead 
three men and a woman in an 
apparent ga ngland killing . 

Bootleg bust 

Jakarta (Reuter) — City 
officials liquidated I&300 bot- 
tles of confiscated bootleg 
alcohol, smashing them into a - 
large pit dug for the purpose. 

Hero’s acre 

Perpignan (AFP) — France 
and Spain have agreed to 
exchange about an acre ofland 
each on their joint border, 
because a statue of Luis 
Companys, toe last Republi- 
can President of Spain before 
-Franco, was sited by mistake 
on french soft. 

Library lost 

Los Angeles (UPI) — More 
than a million books, historic - 
photographs and valuable ar- 
chives were destroyed or dam- 
aged in a fire that destroyed 
the city's main library and 
injured 46 firefighters. - 

Soviet art 

Washington (AP) — An_ 
exhibition of 41' paintings on . 
loan from toe Soviet Union 
opened at the National Gal- - 
lery of Art, toe first Soviet 
contribution to a series of 
cultural exchanges, with the 

Polish police crush Solidarity’s May Day enthusiasm 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

Mounted riot police in War- 
saw yesterday helped to break 
up a group of several hundred 
demonstrators who were 
chanting “Solidarity!” and 
“Ukraine, Ukraine!", in refer- 
ence to the Soviet nuclear 

A huge force of police, 

bnHtpH by wafts' winnoiK ami 

vehicles with flare and perens- 
skm grenade launchers, sur- 
rounded the church of St 
Stamslaw Kostka in northern 
Warsaw, where Father Jerzy 
POpielnszko, the Solidarity 
priest murdered in 1984 by 
se c re t agents, is bnried- 

The authorities clearly 
wanted to prevent any Solidar- 
ity protest march towards the 
official May Day parade; 
which was being addressed in 
central Warsaw by General 
Jarnzdski, the Polish leader. 

Speaking to toe many thou- 
sands of Communist cele- 
brants, toe General, in civilian 
clothes and his customary 
tinted gbwH' attack ed the 

Reagpn Administration for its 
policy of economic sanctions 
against Poland, for haring 
raided Libya, and for testing 
unclear weapons in Nevada. 

Strict security surrounded 
the official events. Residents 
in the square which accommo- 
dated the main rally been 
warned not to approach their 
windows with any tool or 
kitchen implement that might 
resemble a gnn even remotely. 

Polish television cameras 
were careful to spotlight chil- 
dren taking part in the official 
rallies, perhaps to quash pub- 
lic fear that the radiation 
floating over Poland wifl harm 
the young. Many mothers are 
keeping their children at 

At toe St Stanislaw Kostka 
Church, the priest drew ap- 
plause in a reference to the 
nuclear incident. “It’s the 
authorities who are to blame 
for ecological disaster," he 
safaL The sermon called for 
workers' rights on the work- 

Mr Walesa: 'uncountable 
cordons’ of police 

ess* holiday, and the priests 
led prayers for toe Ukraine. 

“Go in peace," said the 
elderly parish priest, Father 
Teofft Bogndd. “Do not bo 
intimidated by those who are 

all anmnd us." The riot police 
had stopped jnst short of the 
church gates, a long line of 
perspex shields and visored 

Once through that cordon, 
come hu n dred s of toe c o ngrc- 
gathm broke into chants such 
as “Hands off Afghanistan!" 
Coming up against a wall of 
police, the vanguard sat down 

in toe street. But the mounted 
troopers and other Zomo riot 
units soon scattered toe would- 
be demonstrators. Several 
people were detained, includ- 
ing two British journalists, 

who were later freed. 

The show of force appears to 
have been a commo n response 
in toe traditional Solidarity' 
trouble spots. The government 
spokesman, Mr Jexzy Urban, 
said that there had been 

nize demonstrations in Nona 
Huta, Poznan, Wroclaw and 
Bydgoszcz. He denied that 
police had used force, “except 
in individual cases". No tear 
gas or water jets had been 
used. ' 

Mr Lech Walesa, the Soli- 
darity leader, said on the 
telephone from Gdansk 
“May Day in Gdansk was 
celebrated by uncountable cor- 
dons of Interior Ministry 
workers", a reference to the 
large police presence in toe 

The sensitivity of the au- 
thorities reflects not only pnb- 
fic disquiet about die radiation 
but. also Warsaw's need to 
show that street unrest has 
been banished from Poland. In 
the lead-up to toe Communist 
Party Congress to Jute and' 
the probable visit of Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, a strong law-and- 
order policy has taken root. 

To emphasise the poi n t , 
journalists' assistants and 
Polish film crews working for 
Western networks have been 
warned that they foce dismiss- 
al if caught in an illegal event 
such as a demonstration. 

. Police searched film n» 

leaving the Warsaw dutch 
yesterday, and at feast one 

correspondent was slightly fe- 
jared in a baton charge. - - 

Meanwhile radhvlfoa. levels 
to Poland seem to be fciihg. . 
The cloud is .no* longer a 

concentrated mass, experts 
say, but has broken op into 
small islands of higher and 
tower tadioactirity. The tod 
in the country as a'wfauie is 
now rated by nffifhfe as toe 
lowest since toe radiation was ~ 
blown across the Soviet border 
several days ago. * 

But this has done little to 
reassure the population. Some 
Poles point out even the:. 

li quid iodise Intended to 

counteract radioactive- iodine 
— h a nde d out to all children 
does nothing to fight the 
effects of other. 'ria^erousr- 
substances, sack as strontium, 
in fallout. ■ 

A Soviet tfcam hasarrinstin ‘ 
Warsaw to adrise.toe: Poles, 
but little is known about the 
tong-term impact on health 
ami on the food eyefe Minor 
rainfall on Wednesday was' 
deemed “|»sitire w -Ietitose it’ 
washed toe atmosphere. 

. • • • ■>. -r.' S.-i 

4 « 

I s %4 ‘ •. 

1 v- 

i ; " 
l ' ... 

t ' 

ti*-. • ' 


Sa &l 4 

' ,n % 

i? ,;i.- 

'■■ t ' . ■■ r* 
• * - <: 

1 -iiV': 

.:** .s’* *■ 

T ^ _ _ _ 


% a 


'.-i -**• 

t > k- 

u . .• 

^■T'. ••• 
«*!: •• • 

*- 5- * ' 

? ‘ 




£?*?*-' .*• 

b- • 


4s6s»' * 

i 1 . * : 1 * 

4 * *• 


H' * »'*•• 

*• ■* 

m* '>**■ 

W 4 *- 

. ■mai 




Protest Mid division on May Day: Sooth Africa 

Huge black union stoppage 

From Ray Kenn edy 

South Africa's bfeck trade 
unions yesterday staged the 
“Sgest demonstration of their 
wganized might when hun- 
OTwis of thousands of workers, 
either through conviction or 
persuasion, took the day off in 
answer to calls for a nation- 
wde stayaway- from work 
on May Day. 

For most it meant the Joss 
°t a day's wages. Employers’ 
organizations made dear that 
ibeir policy was “no work; no 
pay . 

The show of onion strength 
was tempered by rival mass 
rallies in Durban organized by 
the 500,000-member Council 
of South African Trade 
Unions (Cosatu) and the Unit* 

ed Worfrere’ Union of South 
Africa (Uwusa), which has 
own launched by the Zulu 
Inkatha movement of Chief 
Maugpsuthu ButhelezL 

Cosatu, an affiliate of the 
United Democratic From 
(uDF), supports sanctions 
and disinvestment and openly 
backs the banned African 
National Congress (ANQ. 

Seventeen Bains were laid 
on to bring Inkatha supporters 
to Uwusa's official launch in a 
Durban soccer stadium. It was 
packed with more than 80,000 
people before Chief Butheteri 
began a marathon speech. 

There was a for smaller 
crowd 'at the Cosatu rally, less 
than a mile away, where the 
key speaker was to have been 
Mrs Winnie Mandela, wife of 
the imprisoned ANC leader. 

She sent a message saying 
that she was unable to get 
there because a family mem- 
ber had been involkved in a 
car accident 

Chief Buthetezi told his 
hug: crowd that the only 
result of disinvestment would 
be “an economic nosedive, 
with the oppressive regime 
remaining intact". . 

But be said he was a union 
man thro ugh and throu g h , and 
that the Government of his 
KwaZulu Bantustan would 
pass a law to make May Day a 
paid holiday in the homeland. 

Strong contingents of secu- 
rity and riot police keep watch 
on the Cosatu rally. They said 
they had seized 24 petrol 
bombs hidden in a bus pmlced 
near the venue. 

Another 19 petrol bombs 

were found in a car at a 
• roadblock in KwaMashu ! 
township near Durban, the 
scene of violent clashes be - 1 
tween Inkatha and pro-UDF i 

Cosatu complained to the 
police that 10 busloads of its 
supporters had been waylaid 
by Inkatha gangs and forced to 
drive to the Uwusa rally. 

In Johannesburg, the Asso- 
ciated Chambers of Com- 
merce (Assocom) reported 
that the black stayaway was 
between .70 per cent and 100 
per cent in all major urban 
areas, except in the Orange 
Free Stale, where it appeared i 
to be minimal. ! 

It said there was no doubt of 
substantial support by blacks | 
that May Day should be an 
official public holiday. 

The Philippines 

Marcos and Aquino supporters clash 

From Keith Dalton 

Hundreds of s u pp o rte r s of 
the deposed President Marcos 
and pro-government workers 
crashed yesterday in a May 
Day street brawl near the US 
Embassy .ha Manila, hurling 
Stones, bottles and amafS 
home-made bombs. . Scores 
were injured, police «aiJ. . 

.The sporadic pitched bat- 
tles, which lasted into the 
night, started shortly after 
President Aquino announced, 
in a nearby park, the fitting of 
strict anti-strike laws imposed 
daring die rale of Mr Marais. 

Riot troopers using tear gas 
ami a water cannon later tned 
to force Marcos supporters 
from their four-week-old 
makeshift camp established 

along the city's main seaside The fighting began when 
thoroughfare opposite the US rival supporters of Mrs 
mbassy. Aquino and Mr Marcos traded 

The so-railed “Maras Joy- jeers and insnlts which Oared 

m mm J — nrtn amHakuI i wii * iw 

alists” accuse the US of 
having kidnapped Mr Marcos 
and forcing him into wib fa 
Hawaii on February 25 at the 
height of a civilian-backed 
military revolt. 

into scattered stone-throwing 

Riot police could not cootafe 
the melee, which continued 
into the side streets of Eratita, 
the tourist district, with stones 

buried at parked cars and 
through shop whutows. 

• Jungle dash: Helicopter 
guns hips strafed arid killed 30 
Communist rebels being pur- 
sued by government troops 
yesterday along a jungle ra- 
vine in the northern Philippine 
province of Cagayan, the state 
news agency said. ! 

Reagan confirms support to Laurel 

BaH CAP) — President Rea- 
gan assured the Philippines 
Vice-President Mr Salvador 
Laurel, yesterday that the 
United States supports the 
new Government of President 
Corazon Aquino, the US Sec- 
retary of State, Mr George 
’Shultz, said. . 

It was Mr Reagan's first 
personal contact with a tead- 

ient Rea- ing official of Mrs Aquino's 
lilippines government since she and Mr 
Salvador Laurel took office in February 
that the after President Marcos fled in 
>orts the the face of popular unrest 
President Mr Laurel, who said on 
! US Sec- Wednesday that there were 
r George still “cobwebs of doubt" about 
US support for Mrs Aquino, 
in's first said, on American television 
b a lead- after talking with President 

Reagan that 'Those .doubts 
have been swept away”. 

He added: “President Rea- 

g st and the United States 
ovemment recognize the 
new Government of President 
Aquino as the rightful or the ; 
legitimate government of the I 
Filipino people and does not 
recognize Mr Marcos as 

Mrs Nancy Reagan getting into the swing of 
things with two traditional dancers who 
performed for her at a cultural display near 
her hotel in Bali yesterday. 

President Reagan had earlier met President 
Suharto of Indonesia and the six foreign 
ministers of the Associaiton of South-East 
Asian Nations (Asean) and promised to help 

the region to achieve a settlement of the 
Vietnamese occupation of Cambodia. He 
also reviewed the area's finandai difficulties 
in advance of next week’s economic summit 
In Tokyo. 

Mr George Shultz, the US Secretary of 
State, said that the talks also included the 
Chinese and Soviet roles in the region. 

hearts in 

From lan Murray 

A 21-gun salute boomed out 
over Jerusalem yesterday to 
mark the first occasion on 
which a visiting Head of State 
had agreed to be welcomed 
officially in the disputed capi- 
tal rather than on the politi- 
cally neutral ground of Bra 
Gurion airport. 

The visitor in question was 
President Sanguine tti of Uru- 
guay, whose country has a 
long history of support for 
Israel. It was the first in South 
America to open a mission in 
the new Jewish state in 1948. 

Although trade between the 
two is minimal, relations are 
good, especially since the Pal- 
estine Liberation Organiza- 
tion was refused permission to 
open an office in Montevideo. 

President Sanguinetti is to 
sign a few minor economic 
agreements and have discus- 
sions with Mr Shimon Peres, 
the Prime Minister. 

Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the. , 
deputy Prime Minister, meanr 
while leaves today for Hondu- 
ras, Guatemala and Costa 
Rica, where be will attend the 
swearing-in of President-elect 
Arias next week. 

The outgoing President, Se- 
nor Luis Alberto Monge, won 
a special place in Israeli hearts 
last year when he agreed to 
transfer the Costa Rican Em- 
bassy back to Jerusalem — the 
only country yet to do so. 

The two visits underline the 
close (inks which Israel main- 
tains with many Latin Ameri- 
can countries, to whom it sells 
arms and provides military 
aid, all of it confidential. 


Messages fail to 
mention Karmal 

Islamabad {Reuter) — The 
Communist Party of Afghani- 
stan greeted its workers yester- 
day in a May Day message 
devoid of the usual rounds of 
praise for President fiabrak 
Karmal who Iras not been 
seen in public for name than a 

The Central Committee's 
message also foiled to mention 
the 57-year-old Af ghan leader 
even when- referring^to two 
political events prevsottsly as- 
sociated with him. 

Afghan officials say Presi- 
dem Karmal is in the Soviet 
Union for extended medical 
treatment. Western diplomats 

believe he has a hmg ailment 
and perhaps leukaemia. 

They also think President 
Karmal who missed last 
Sunday's Revolution Day pa- 
rade in Kabul may be oat of 
favour with Moscow fix* not 
gaining more popular support. 

Omissions like those in the 
May Day message point to his 
uncertain political future, they 

The message, read on 
Wednesday night over Radio 
Kabul spoke otitis key .speech 
last October, in which he 
announced that non-comxno- 
nists would be included in the 
Government, without men- 
tioning his name.. 



‘Best small Hatchback’ 



Deserted streets greet 
Communist marchers 

From Harry Dehefins, Madrid 

‘Best Budget Car’ 


■*+** ..-ri 

Spanish workers were dis- 
united yesterday, as the 
country's two leading trade 
onions held separate May Day 
celebrations throughout the 
nation, and marchers chanted 
slogans that bad mere to do 
with next month's general 
elections with labour 


In Madrid, the Onmmnust- 
led Worker's Commissions 
through streets de- 
serted by an estimated 
300.000 cars foil of local 
people who left the dfy for a 
long weekend, taking advan- 
tage of the feet that today is 
also a holiday. 

Smaller anions, including 
the independent Worker* 
Trade Union and one faction 
of the anarchist National Fed- 
eration of Labour joined the 
Communists in Madrid and 

In the capital marchers 

Lagos runway 
evade capture 

Lagos (Reuter) - Aimed 
robbers attacked an airliner 
taxiing for take-off w Lajra 
airport on Tuesday, the itof 
such incident in a week, 
Nigerian newspapers 

rei 4 >r \igeria Airways Boeing 
737 * 3 $ about to leave on a 
domestic flight when robbers 

on motorcycle* raced A ^ r 

forced open the cargo door 

made off wifo two boxe^ 

The pilot, alerted by a 
warmng lighL called the con- 

^nower and security men 


{^ b lockrfUiert.nMywth 

mobile aircraft steps ano 
forced open the cargo, doon 
On Sundav. an Ethiopian jet 
££ held up by robbers on 
Irowre^lrt^hile it was taxi- 

lfl pbr£ 

cd along the runway- 

Rock hall 


^ rc cL ivin selected as the 

Hall of Fame. . 

Shunted: “Nafo no, ont with 
the bases," a reference to US 
military bases. 

In Barcelona the O mn n a- 
nist workers shouted “left- 
wing arnty,” a reference to the 
recently-concluded pact 
among parties to the left of the 
Sodrasts to farm an electoral 

In Madrid's big Casa de 
Campo park, traditionally toe 
venae of the Communist union 
on May Days past, the other 
Mg labour organization, the 
General Labour Union 
(UGT% gathered for a fiesta. 

Since the UGT5 leaders are 
aH prominent members of the 
ruling Spanish Socialist 
Workers Party, the absence of 
the Socialist Prime Minister, 
Sefior Felipe Goazfilez, was 
particularly noticeable, and it 
highlighted the friction be- 
tween the anion membership 
and its party. 

Council aims 
to make a 
safer France 

From Susan MacDonald 

The first meeting of the , 
France’s new Council for In- ! 
termal Security was held in 
Paris yesterday under the i 
cha ir manship of M Jacques 
Chirac the Prime Minister, , 
even though it was a public 
holiday. . . 

The meeting, which lasted 
90 minutes, brought together 
the ministers of the interior, 
defence, security, foreign af- 
faire and justice, to discuss the 

problems of terrorism and; 

crime. _ .... . 

The decision io hold it 
yesterday underlines the fort 1 
that ministers of the new; 
Government do not intend | 
invariably to take. their full; 
allocation of days off and ■ 
highlights the importance the | 
Government attaches to reas- 
suring the public that it is 
making France safer . 

M Charles Pasqua, the Inte- 
rior Minister, said, that die 
council would meet on a 

weekly basis. 

M Chime' said that security 
in general and terrorism in 
particular were discussed, and 
that die new council would co- 
ordinate the' several public 
services to improve crime 


\foted Car of The Year 1984; called 
"the ultimate superminr by Autocar; Europe's 
bestsellingsmall car; What Carls 'Best Small 
Hatchback* in 1985; and now awarded the 
titles 'Best Small Hatchback' and 'Best 
Budget Car* by What Car? magazine. 

The Fiat Uno continues to pile success 
on success. And now thereb an outstand- 
ing opportunity to share in that success 
because there’s finance available at just 



Cash price fine est cm the road costs 

33 h minimum deposit L144‘--:4 

Balance Financed — — II i’ivCO 

Interest at 9 5IS APR 15 

3b equal monthly instalments III 

Total credit price £-J io 


x 4.9% 
(APR 9.52%) 

4.9% (9.52% APR) through your Fiat dealer 
on all Uno models. 

Take your pick from seven 3 and 5 
doorUnos, including the 69 mpg' Uno45S 
and a stunning 125 mph" turbo. 

All of them adding outstanding road- 
holding comfort refinement and reliability 
to superlative performance and economy. 

And all of them, happily, now even 
more affordable. 

UNO From £4149 

• >'.-i P^CEiCC r^’ AT :«ECiFQC 1, .i’j * "* .-‘A ^ 

&t) - WCHW«»* DEALERS ''VO.IE * i* 

(rttt sip; 

TTi PRICE GvF^ECr AT TIME & GG*HC ' v £»£•__ Ist ; l. -'.C *..v? 


C :; I -. uli r C c v»* - v*>v i* 

Sir.-.- Ptt : sill V 1 V ;) 
- -a-:*’--- cw : r«'.:r_o 

5 -- >:•>** iS6« CKU 


Bangladesh politicians 
held as Ershad moves 

to curb poll opposition 

India will 
not expel 


Wife told 
in Qatar 
are safe 

The Bangladesh military 
Government yesterday arrest- 
ed more than 25 leading 
opposition politicians - in- 
cluding a former Parliament 
Speaker — in a sweeping move 
to curb activists opposed to 
next week's parliamentary 
elections, police sources said. 

Policemen in plain clothes 
look the former Speaker, Mr 
Miiza Gholam Hafiz, a close 
aide of the opposition leader. 
Begum Khaleda Zia, from bis 
residence in western Dhaka, 

members of the family said. 
The whereabouts of Begum 

Zia, who has been campaign- 
ing outside Dhaka against the 
polls, were not known yester- 
day. fuelling rumours that she 
had been arrested. 

From Ahmed Fazi, Dhaka 

The arrests came after a new 
ban imposed by President 
Ershad on Wednesday, out- 
lawing all anti-election dem- 
onstrations. The press was 
also ordered not to publish 
reports on rallies opposing the 
elections, to be held on May 7. 

Among those arrested are 
Mr Oli Aback chief of the 
right-wing Democratic 
League, and the Socialist Party 
leader, Mr Mahbubul Haq, 
police said. 

Security officials on Wed- 
nesday night also raided the 
homes of about a dozen 
politicians opposed to the 
polls, but most of them had 
gone into hiding, opposition 
sources said. Police had earlier 
stopped a torchlight proces- 

sion by hundreds of Zia 

The Government ban was 
„ directed against Begum Zia. 
chief of the Bangladesh Na- 
tionalist Party and a seven- 
party alliance, who urged the 
Army to resist what she called 
an "arranged” election to keep 
General Ershad in power. 

Meanwhile, the authorities 
yesterday dosed all universi- 
ties and schools, and cancelled 
examinations next week to 
avoid trouble during polling. 

Dhaka university, the scene 
of violent anti-election dem- 
onstrations in April, had been 
abruptly closed after several 
bombs exploded on the cam- 
pus on Tuesday night. 

From a Correspondent 

It is not possible to expel 
Tamil guerrillas from the Indi- 
an state of Tamil Nadu bo- 

cause of the public sympathy 
they enjoy, the Indian Minis- 

More than 40 killed in jungle war 

From Our Correspondent 

More than 40 people were 
killed and at least 60 others 
wounded as tribal guerrillas 
fighting a secessionist jungle 
war in Bangladesh's south- 
eastern hill tracts attacked 
three villages and a bazaar 
with mortars and sub-ma- 
chine-guns late ou Tuesday 
night, Interior Ministry offi- 
cials said yesterday. 

They said that tire guerrillas 

were members of the Marxist- 
led Sbantibahiui (peace force), 
which has demanded indepen- 
dence for the Chittagong full 
tracts, which are home to 
500,000 Buddhist Cbakma 
and Manna tribes, and ac- 
count for almost 20 pm* cent of 
Bangladesh's land area. 

The region's leading dvil 
administrator, reached by tele- 
phone, said that more than 40 
people has been missing since 
the raid. Many of the dead are 

women and children. 

The victims are landless 
Muslim Bengali fanners from 
the plains who were resettled 
in the hills by the Government, 
a step which triggered the 
secessionist movement in 

The massacre came less 
than six months after Presi- 
dent Ershad declared that the 
tribal war had died down and 
most of the guerrillas had 

ter of State, Mr P. Chid- 
ambaram, said yesterday. 

Mr Chidambaram, who is 
heading an Indian Govern- 
ment delegation to Colombo 
in an attempt to resolve Sri 
Lanka's ethnic problem, told 
Mr Anura Bandaranaike, the 
: Sri Lankan Opposition leader, 
that it would have been possi- 
ble four years ago. 

Mr Bsmdaranaike, the son 
of the former Prime Minister, 
Mrs Sirimavo Bandaranaike, 
told the Indian minister that 
any proposed solution to the 
ethnic problem would have to 
be acceptable to the majority 

Sinhalese community- 

Meanwhile, clashes between 
two of the main Tamil sepa- 
ratist groups have left at least 
120 dead, according to the 
security forces. 

Yesterday the town of Jaff- 
na remained calm, but else- 
where fighting between the 
Liberation Tigers of Tamil 
Eelam and the Tamil Eelam 
Liberation Organization 
(Telo) continued. 

Government estimates on 
Wednesday night put the 
numbers killed at 95 Telo i 
guerrillas and 26 Tigers. { 

* o 

A % 4 / 

i-Sfv. . t * 

Bahrain (Renter) — A Brit- 
on held with 28 other 
ers in Qatar in a dispute with 
Bahrain ever a Gulf coral reef 
telephoned his wife here yes- 
terday to say that he and the 
other captives woe safe. 

Twenty-four Filipinos, two 
Thais, two Britons and a 
Dutchman were seized on 
Satur day by Qatari troops who 
ianded in helicopters on Facbt 
al-Dibel reef, where they were 
preparing the ground for a 
Bn hraini cnastgnard base. 

Mrs Susan Thompson said 
yesterday that her h u sband , 
Richard, had telephoned from 
Qatar saying that all the 
prisoners were safe and were 
being well treated. None had 
been hurt in tire Qatari raid, 
during which shots- were fired 
ro wards them and at a nearby 

iing Bhuntipol of Thailan d greeting Chancellor Helmut Kohl of West Germany, and his 
rife Hannelore, who are en route to die Tokyo summit, at Ban Hua Hin, south of B a ng k o k.^ 

Stroessner quick to quell protests 


He had not known when 
they might be freed, she 
added, but diplomatic sources 
say that their release kb be- 
lieved to be imminent. 

They say that tire British 
Ambassador in Doha, Mr 
Julian Walker, was toM yes- 
terday that he canid visit Mr 
Thompson and the other Brit- 
on, Mr Brian Davies, for the 
first time. It is not known if he 
has yet done so. 

Diplomatic sources say that 
the Qataris have now with- 
drawn from fee reef, bat Acre 
is no official confirmation from 
either side in fire dispute. 

Asuncion (Reuter) — Presi- 
dent Stroessner of Paraguay 
has ordered police to curb a 
budding opposition move- 
ment that is making one of the 
first challenges to his 32 years 
of strong-arm rule, opposition 
politicians say. 

The police have used tear 
gas. water cannon, dubs and 
warning shots, leading to vio- 

lent clashes that have ended 
the long-term political calm. 

Government officials say 
that banned political parties 
and workers have been plot- 
ting against the Government 
in recent weeks by making 
unprecedented public protests 
for freedom and higher pay. 

The Government is said to 
be particularly suspicious of 

the US Ambassador, Mr 
Clyde Taylor, who has met 
leaders of the banned parties 
and of the Catholic Church. 

Opposition leaders say they 
fear that an attack on Tuesday 
on a leading radio station by 
an armed group of followers of 
General Stroessner, aged 73, 
could herald the appearance of 
paramilitary groups. 

£ 'v iV 

fev* * A .v V < 



V* . i 

* -S - ."7 



' - 

m. | 











, -■ ” -v * »« i <*** 

When you’re thinking of his fut 

them’s no time like the prese 

And there's nothing quite like National 
Savings Deposit Bonds to give him a tidy capital 
sum when he is older and will appreciate it most. 

This special tax advantage means Deposit 
Bonds are likely to grow faster than any other risk- 
free investment you could make for them. 

Whether you’re investing for your grand- 
child, godchild, niece, nephew or just one of your 
favourites, Deposit Bonds will grow with them 

Not only do Deposit Bonds offer a premium 
rate of interest- currently 12% p.a. - they also add 
that interest each year without deduction of tax. 
This is unlike tax-paid investments, where part of 
the interest is lost, automatically 

So when you're dunking about their future, 
give them something that will grow and grow in 
value. An investment that will help towards a more 
secure tomorrow 

Most children are non-taxpayers, so Deposit 
Bonds are of particular benefit to them Because as 
long as they do not pay tax and the bonds are given 
by someone other than their parents, they keep all 
the interest 

You can buy the bonds at post, offices in 
multiples of £50 with a minimum purchase of £100. 

Ask at your post office for a leaflet and an 
application form Or make a free call on 
0800 100 100 and well send diem to you. 





The EEC budget 

Spending may hit 
£23 bn ceiling 

From A Correspondent, Brussels 

Mr Henning Chrisloph- 
ersen, the European Budget 
Commissioner, has proposed 
a £1.36 billion supplementary 
budget to bail the EEC out of 
its financial difficulties in 

The proposal would take 
the Community’s spending to 
£23.25 billion, .which is the 
ceiling forced on it by the limit 
of 1.4 per cent of national 
VAT contributions to EEC 

Mr Christophersen said that 
his proposal used up all the 
available funds, but did not 
breach the 1 .4 per cent limit as 
some officials had feared 
might be likely. 

The extra spending was 
caused in part by an overpay- 
ment by Britain in 1985, 
which meant that the Com- 
munity was legally bound to 
refund £325 million to the 
United Kingdom. 

Spain and Portugal would 
also get £94.25 million. Mr 
Chrislophersen said. This was 
in relief of their contributions 
lo the EEC in their first year of 

But be gave a warning that 
the funds remaining within 
the ceiling did not allow him 
to budget for the full £910 
million in additional agricul- 
tural spending or the £759 
million in extra spending on 
the Community's structural 
policies, which unforeseen ex- 

penditure so far this year and 
projected needs for the rest of 
the year demanded. 

He was therefore proposing 
to allocate only £594 million 
to farm spending, and be said 
what remained would be di- 
rected to the structural fund. 

Mr Christophersen warned 
that his proposal would mean 
spending cuts. 

Meanwhile, the Commis- 
sion has also proposed a £23.8 
billion budget for 1987, setting 
aside just under£l 5 billion for 
form spending. 

In order to stay within 
financial restrictions for 1987 
agreed by the finance minis- 
ters earlier this week, Mr 
Christophersen said that gov- 
ernments would have to find 
the money for both his budget 
proposals this year. 

hersem Wants 
of VAT Unfit 

Green currencies key 
to farm compromise 

From Richard Owen, Luxembourg 

The marathon EEC farm 
price-fixing round this month 
and tiie crisis over the 1986 
budget have focused attention 
on the use of green currencies, 
the European Monetary Sys- 
tem (EMS) and complex agri- 
cultural arrangements. 

Behind the impenetrable 
EEC jargon lie realities which 
can make or break European 
farmers, and especially those 
whose profit margin is small 
and whose overheads are 

The “green” currencies, in- 
cluding the green pound, have 
softened the impact of rising 
costs in tiie countryside daring 
the pasL decade, though many 
European farmers still com- 
plain that the prices they 
obtain for their produce are 
not high enough. 

Until the early 1970s farm 
prices were calculated in na- 
tional currencies In Europe, 
but farmers suffered from 
exchange rate fluctuations. As 
a stopgap measure, the EEC 
compensates countries with 
weak currencies and protects 
them from fluctuations 
through a system known as 
Monetary Compensatory Am- 
ounts, or MCAs. 

Bat the long-term answer 
lies in the green currencies, 
which are related to the ECU 
(European Currency Unit) and 
are fixed regardless of ex- 
change rate changes. The 
ECU is itself based on a 
basket of European cur- 

The green currencies are 
fixed whenever the EMS is 
realigned, the most recent 
being at Ootmarsom in Hot- 
land on April 6. The French 
franc was devalued by 3 per 
cent at Ootraarsnm, and the 
Deuteche mark, the strongest 
EMS currency, re rained In- 3 
per rent. (Sterling is not a 
member of the EMS, which 
was formed in 1979.) 

As a consequence, at the 
fora ministers' meeting test 
Frida} green currencies were 

also devalued, with the excep- 
tion of the green mark and .the 
Dutch guilder, which is linked 
to the mark. 

This reduces the impact of 
other farm measures taken on 
Friday, and above all ' the 
freeze on agricultural prices. 
In ether words, although 
French farmers, for example, 
did not get the price rises they 
were seeking for their prod- 
ucts, they will none the less 
receive more in reality because 
the green franc has been 

This was the key to the farm 
price compromise package, 
and to the agreement du the 
controversial cereals tax; to 
which there had betel strong 

The farm ministers dodged 
some of the key problems by 
putting on one side a Commis- 
sion proposal for pbasfag Otrt 
beef and other livestock subsi- 
dies, and avoided malting a cat 
in hotter prices. 

But the cereals production 
tax, known as the ce-respoaslr 
bilfty levy, was adopted in the 
teeth of West German opposi- 
tion . 

The 3 per cart tax will be 
paid by cereal farmers wheth- 
er they sell then- products to 
intervention stores (the so- 
cailed food mountains), to 
cereal processors or on the 
open market. The tax revenue 
will then be used to pay for 
export subsidies to dispose of 

The term “eo-resaansS- 
bility is supposed to impress 
on the fanner that he, too, has 
to help to pay for surplus 

The loophole, however, is 
that the cereals tax .does not 
apply to grain which is con- 
tented “locally” which afr- 
pears to mean other on the 
fora concerned or or neigh- 
bouring farms. And tint is 
likely to happen inoeasiagiy 
a cereal farmers wish to avoid 
paying the new tax. 




' , ■ > » a. . 

4 * -s* 

-ft-* y» 

f • . ■> 

JS- f« fri 5. ±* 



; -'ji'yti- 

.L^rt • 




/it* * 

* .;***••> 

* <**; i- •; 



(Excluding Pornsol) 

Design may vary 
by store 

6' x 6’ (Approx) 
Excluding base 
and accessories 
(Design may vary 
fay store) 



< Btgyg& 

'■>> -».*-* 

( A m?£ NM0Nl> AYT0 

SATURDAY 9am to 8p m 


'AM TO 6pm 


I A6125, 




2 LEG 

, crjt. 


'S - 

BLACK & i 

10" CUT 
MRP £35.50 



j 'v 1 1 •- 



£ T09 9S 






Also available 
50 sq. metres 


£*f -29 


£f 85 

With grassbox and 
40' cable 
12" cur 
. MRP £82.49 

; < 3 9 : b 

j j 

i .... V 


12" CUT 
MRP £67.50 


‘Xk* : 








65p per section £3.25 per 5 sections 



5. Oil 







• •. A "S ' V. - A 




Gamblers with the 

A £2 billion building project is set to 
t ransform London’s rejuvenated docklands 
into the West’s financial capitaL But as 
Bryan Appleyard reports, stunned experts in 
the City are claiming that the plan could 
turn out to be a developer’s graveyard 

As you enter Michael Cassidy's 
20tb-floor flat in the Barbican he 
will be saying something like: 
“Well of course Canary Wharf is 
outside our area so we have no real 
right to comment”. By the time 
you reach the living room, about 
15 secouds later, he will be saying: 
“I can't imagine what they base 
their estimates on. we don't need 
that much office space”. 

Displaying similar inconsisten- 
cy from a service apartment in 
Mayfair is G. Ware Travelstead, 
from Kentucky — “I don't see 
what the City’s problem is. . . but 
and you can quote me on this, 
their motives are transparent.'’' 

1 Cassidy is the chairman of the 
City of London Planning Com- 
mittee and Travelstead is the head 
of a consortium which has pro- 
posed the biggest property devel- 
opment the world has ever seen. 
They are the two principal playere 
in a poker game worth £2,000 
million, h is, you might say. the 
only game in town and it is not 
being played according to Hoyle. 

Canary Wharf is an artificial 
peninsula about the length of The 

‘We just don’t 
need that much 
office space’ 

Michael Cassidy 

Mall which juts out into the West 
India docks on the northern 
fringes of the Isle of Dogs. Dotted 
about are the little successes of the 
London Docklands Development 
Corporation — fragments of slick 
architecture erected by companies 
eager to exploit the financial and 
planning incentives available for 
docklands revivers. 

At one end of the wharf is 
Limehouse Studios, the indepen- 
dent television centre that re pre- 
sents precisely the kind of small- 
scale service industry which 
everybody assumed would be the 
salvation of Docklands and, sub- 
sequently, Britain. . 

Until, that is, the Kentuckian 
appeared on the scene. Lacking 
the native caution of the English 
when it comes to big buildings, 
and unimpressed by the City's 
claim to be the only true financial 
centre, be revealed plans for 10 
million square feet of office space 
on the wharf. Three 850ft towers— 
the tallest buildings in Europe — 
would be erected as well as further 
vast concourses. Mocks, shops and 

Its sheer scale stunned every- 
body from conservationists to 
rival developers. The unspoken 
background to. all the incredulity 

was that, in a country which had 
grown accustomed to thinking 
small, this all seemed like some 
son of mistake, a kind of fantasy. 

But it all makes perfect sense if 
you remember that through Ca- 
nary Wharf runs the Greenwich 
Meridian — 0 d eg r ees of longitude 
— and that there is currently more 
hot cash slushing around the globe 
than ever before. ■- 

After 1973; the year of the Arab 
oil price rises, money changed. 
Huge surpluses were generated in 
the Middle East and the western 
banking system had to adjust to 
find ways of recycling these funds. 
As the economies recovered, the 
system grew more sophisticated in 
providing more efficient ways of 
making more money out of 

in 1976 the Chicago Financial 
Futures Market was born and, 
since then, financial services have 
been exploding in all directions. 
Vast, open-plan floor areas are 
now required to provide instant 
.visual and personal communica- 
tion between dealers. In addition, 
massive computer and air-condi- 
tioning requirements mean that 
the floors have to be deeper — !5ft 
against 11 or 12ft in the usual 
office building. These demands 
render almost every existing office 
building obsolete 

The significance of the Green- 
wich Meridian is that it indicates 
Britain's ancient role as the centre 
of the world. Today this makes 
sense because we lie in a time zone 
between New York and Tokyo. 
The new financial markets have to 
be in action 24 hours a day. so a 
centre in Western Europe is 
essential. With its language and a 
history as a financial capital, 
London is the obvious choice: 

“London”, says Scott Lowry, 
Travelstead's second in com- 
mand, “would have to work pretty 
hard to destroy itself as a financial 

But when a handful of banks 
began looking for new sites in the 
City four years ago. they found 
nothing, even though they were 
looking for only 1.2 million sq. ft. 
The alternative was docklands 
but. Travelstead says, it would not 
have been an economic move for 
that amount of space as the 
infrastructure costs — transport, 
electricity and so on — would be 
too great. 

So Canary Wharf was bom. The 
overall plan, put together by the 
banks — and including some 20 
schemes — is so big that it justifies 
its own telephone, electricity, 
water and rail systems. Potential 
customers will buy a freehold and 
have their own building designed, 
although it will have to meet with 
the approval of the consortium's 
architects, Skidmore, Owings and 

Super-centre: a model of the proposed project for London's Canary Wharf — the biggest property development in the world 

Merrill, the biggest firm of its kind 
in the world. 

No planning permission is nec- 
essary as the area is designated as 
an enterprise zone and customers 
will get a six-year rates holiday as 
part of the package. And the 
promised benefits seem stagger- 
ing: once the holiday ended, the 
rate income for the borough of 
Tower Hamlets would double 
instantly, S7.000 permanent new 
jobs would be created; the Chan- 
cellor would receive £340 million 
extra in tax and natio nal insur- 
ance, and so on. 

The figures were spewed gleeful- 
ly from the Henley Centre, which 
investigated the scheme. They 
were commissioned by 
Travelstead but were, he says. 

strictly independent Even if they 
were 50 per cent out with their 
numbers, however, the whole 
package would mil look like an 
offer that nobody in charge of a 
decaying borough,declining econ- 
omy and obsolete building stock 
could seriously refuse. 

Tower Hamlets bought the idea, 
as did the Government and the 
LDDC felt it was about to achieve 
some kind of institutional apothe- 
osis. That left the Cty and the 
environmentalists jointly out- 
raged and irritatingly lacking in 
bureaucratic weapons. 

The environmentalist case was 
that the towers were far too big 
and ruined the view from Green- 
wich Park over Inigo Jones's 
masterpiece, the Queen's House, 

and Wren's somewhat feebler 
Royal Naval College. Travelstead 
obligingly shifted one of the 
towers to the right, but he need 
hardly have bothered as that part 
of the environmentalist case was 
dreadfully weak anyway. Nobody 
can seriously claim that the exist- 
ing view from Greenwich Park, a 
focusless, meandering mass _ of 
unattractive buildings, is anything 
but dralx 

Canary Wharf does not, howev- 
er, look like being great architec- 
ture. The architects have come up 
with a safe rather than exciting 
assembly of buildings. 

Hie City argues that the whole 
scheme is a white elephant. City 
researches show that immediate 
demand for new office space is 

barely a quarter of what 
Travelstead expects to sell, and 
Canary Wharf could knock the 
bottom out of the London com- 
mercial property market and leave 
many offices empty. The City 
believes its existing 69 million 
sq. ft in the Square Mile needs to . 
be increased only gradually. In-, 
deed, last year it produced^ a 
massive relaxation of planning 
controls which could allow for 
another 20 million sq. ft Tte City 
swears ft was a coincidence that 
this was done just as Canary 
Wharf appeared. 

But even with a Tory Govern- 
ment, the City has no friends on 
this issue: So fts resistance has 
been manifested via tire only 
weapon , at its disposal — the 

W-’&F '- * . .‘-i 

Looming towers: how three 850ft bnOdings — 

the view of the skyline from Greenwich 

‘I don’t see 
what the City’s ; 
problem is' 

G. Ware Travelstead 

Docklands Railway. Originally 
this ran only as far as Tower Hill 
but. for Travelstead, ft was vital 
that ii ran as far as Bank— infect, 
no Bank link, no Canary Wharf! 
The City thought fire exte nsion 
should run through to Cannon 
Street and the baft has-been 
- steadily knocked bade and fop- 
ward. The Railway Bill has stzH co 
go through Parliament and re- 
mains the only obstacle left - 

The City knows ft will lose 
eventually , but insists that its 
engineering- and planning objeo 
’ lions to we railway scheme are 
genuine and not inspired simply 
by enmity towards Canary Wharf 

Travelstead expects the railway 
tobc virtually wrapped up by June 
and to be on site by July. He will 
tolerate delays until October but, 
after that, be goes elsewhere. More 
bluff says the City, which is 
convinced that the whole of 
Canary Wharf will never be built 

— that. Travelstead is using the 
scale of the plan to bludgeon 
through a much smaller deal. In 
the Barbican Cassidy looks know- 
ing, in Mayfair the Kentuckian 
snorts in derision. 

Even if the City is right, even if 
the new finan cial markets collapse 
avernigit, foe Canary Wharf 
scheme has been a pn^emptive 
strike at deeply entrenched British 
.attitudes. On the environmental 
side ft has exposed the niggiy 
misconceptions bdd by many 
cemservationists. The fact is that 
London as a whole would benefit 
.from some buildings of real scale. 
It has also stared the ultimate 
question for conservationists — do 
you want the future or not? 

In political terms ft has 
swamped a Labour area with 
capitalism on such a scale that the 
party has been unable to raise so 
. much as an ideology in protest, ft 
has also -driven a neat wedge 
between the City and its tradition- 
al friends at Westminster. 

- Perhaps most lasting of aft ft 
has challenged the existence of the 
Cfty, an institution whose medi- 
eval, identity has survived thus far 
because of tire need by the 

inhab itant^, of financial 

centres to meet, have lunch 
impress each other. Bol with the 
- highest repts in the worid and an 
• appallingly low -office stock com- 
pared" 'to New York or Tokyo, 
something' has to change: . 

The insurance brokers have 
already moved outside its eastern 
boundary — Canary Wharf marks 
tire for end of tire corridor they 
have begun to build. The old 
artificEal line of a medieval local 
authority has been breached — if 
Canary Wharf goes ahead the 
remainder of that line will begin, 
slowly and silently, to vanish. 
Neither of them will admit it, but 
Travelstead is kilting the Cfty, and 
Cassidy knows ft. 


tM , 188 * 

A future with a great past behind it 

I t was a ally idea. Only the 
BBC could suppose that 
there was a TV audience, 
its supper still on its 
stomach, which would settle 
down once a week to an early 
evening dose of science and 
technology by the name of 
Modem Age. 

But the audience has settled 
down once a week, barring 
holiday breaks, for 21 years 
now, and we who doubted it 
would run six months can 
only pause in awe before its 
durability and its viewing 
figures. They now run to 10 to 
12 million, which would be a 
tidy enough sum for a soap, 
and which puis to shame the 
frailty of the faith of its 
founders all those years ag o 
The programme always goes 
out live — it makes for sharp 
presentation - but you live on 
the edge of public disaster. 
Two decades of producers and 
presenters have watched nu- 

merous demonstrations fold 
up and die on them. Fot the 
audience, it's half of the fun. 

We. all knew the working 
title was hopelessly wooden 
for the people we were trying 
to enthuse. But we had 
reached the ultimate deadline. 
Radio Times press day, and 
on the last evening 1 settled 
down in our living room with 
my wife and some wine, 
determined not to stir until we 
could send our equivalent of a 
puff of smoke up the chimney. 

At midnight, from a pile of 
scratched out suggestions an 
crumpled paper, we rescued 
two random words; “world” 
and “tomorrow”. Other peo- 
ple have now appropriated 
them for their products, even 
for their shops, which we take 
to be success. The music stuck 
too, for a good many years 
after we paid John Dankworth 
£25 to write it. There was good 
reason for this parsimony; the 

Glyn Jones, the first producer of 
Tomorrow’s World, reviews 21 years 
of success for television’s showcase 
of scientific things to come 

overall budget of £2,000 for 
each programme had been 
curtly cut by the BBC to 
£1.500 — enough, perhaps, in 
1986 to field one production 
team for one day for one item. 

Perhaps the optimistic 
chime in that title rings a little 
hollow today when we know 
that science does sot inevita- 
bly deliver a saner society. But 
it seemed exactly right for the 
sunnier Sixties, when we 
thought we would all be 
wanned by the white heat of 
the technological revolution 
(the need for which grows 
more, not less, intense m 

„ Major 


of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and medium quality, handmade 


rugs and runners... 

and others from the more important weaving centres ot the East Included are many 
antiques, sifts, helms, nomadics and other unusual items, not generafly to be 
’ found on the home market 

This merchancfise is the property-c* a number of principle direct importers in the U.K.* 
wfach has been cleared from H.M. Customs & Excise bond, to be deposed ot at nominal or 
no reserve for immeefeale cash realisation. 

Every item guaranteed authentic. Expert advice available at time of viewing, 
to be transferred from bonded warehouses and offered at the: 


ON MONDAY, 5th MAY at 3pm. 

Viewing from noon same day. 

Payment: cash, cheque or all major credit cards. 

.AucMMonr. A WeHosley Bnacoe • Pannwa Ud. K-yidS New Bond Sueet. London wi. Tat 01-493 < 579 . 


It is probably this sense of 
disenchantment that partly 
fires the critics who maintain 
that Tomorrow's World is no, 
better than soap— science and 
technology as they aren't, a 
vulgar parade of gimmicks, 
gadgets and myths purveyed 
by hucksters of a future whose 
promises are rarely, if ever, 

They — and we — can judge 
the fairness of the charge fry 
watching the one-hour special 
Tomorrow's World 21 next 
Thursday at 8pm. Martin 
Freeth. co-producer, has 
looked ax the responses of the 
programme-makers to global 
upsets such as foe oil turmoil 
of the Seventies. Alternatives 
were heralded from every- 
where — our energy would 
come from the waves, the 
wind, the skies, the atom. 

Energy for. Britain actually 
came from North Sea oil, and 
its falling worid price makes 
all the alternatives look even 
less likely than they did. There ‘ 

was a s e q u e n ce though, in 
programme six, in which a 
Texan in a stetson gazed 
across the dark waters of the 
can coast and said the waves 
would soon shimmer with the 
flares of the production plat- 
forms. Poor man, I think we 
laughed him off 
Item one of programme one 
celebrated tire arrival of the 
factory robot, and item two 
came live from a Romford 
school which raised £13,000 
by fts own efforts to buy a 
computer — the first school so 
equipped in Britain. 

O ften, Tomorrow ’s 
World got admira- 
bly near the nail, 
even if it seldom hit 
ft quite on the bead. Right 
about the micro, ft foiled to 
foresee the surge of cheap 
computing power. Early in the 
field of spare-part surgery, it 
did not — could not — predict 
the amazing discoveries of 
immunology which have 
meant that the bits came from 
human beings, not from the 

Evergreen was the promise 
of alternative transport, from ' 
the electric car to the Sinclair 
C5. but ever more firmly sits 
the intemal combustion en- 
gine before your driving seat. 

Difficult ft may be to pick a 
winner, but to time its arrival 
c or rec tl y is even more fraught. 
Twenty years ago 'atomic fu- 
sion and fast breeder reactors 
were to be tire nuclear energy 
wonders of 20. yean hence: 
Today they are still 20 years 
away — perhaps even 30! 

The expectations of the 
search are just as exciting as 
the discoveries, and some- 
times more rewarding. The 
programme still innovates 
wi thin itself The p res e nt edi- 
tor. Richard Rdsz, has derid- 
ed on a regular spot for today’s 
world — a few minutes devot- 
ed to each week's science 

Perhaps Tomorrow’s World 
is really about an attitude — 
the acceptance of foe late 20th 
century culture of change. 
Science-struck school children 
whose chapter and verse for 
their less Ifterate parents and 
teachers formed the contents 
of last night's programme 
would probably agree. Martin 
Freeth says: “It’S rubbed off 
on millions over the years. It 
must make for a more sdence- 
lfterate society. We didn't 
often get ft exactly right, but 
we're still trying. If you can do 
that for 12 million people in 
prime time, it's .worthwhile.” 

. gTbw— Hwip il M Ud, MBS 



1 Population count 

5 Bonny (6) 

8 Afternoon beverage 

9 Garik sausage (6) 

10 Wheedle (6) 

11 Dishes list (4) 

12 Capability (8) 

14 Restore (6) 

17 Decadent (6) 

19 Opening (8) 

22 Canter (4} 

24 Biggarne hnnt (6) . 

25 Farmland (6) . 

26 Joy(3) 

27 Gnidgrng(6) 

28 Stagger (6) 


2 Rob oot (5} 

3 Cook’s Wade (7) 

4 Rider's footpiecefT) 

5 Conusistf) 

( Trinket (5) 

7 TUegaJ (7) . - 18 Leaf sprays (7) 

p Fool (3) 20 Loud cries (5) 

15 Make amends for (7) 21 Bring together (5) 

16 AnnedP) 23 Lentil seeds (5) 

17 Satan (7) 


ACROSS: 8 Interrogatioa . 9 Tar 10 Temperate 11 Miser ti fnm. 
pete 16 Certain tfCrooe 22 Hambwi^MDab^ »^o5S£y 

DOWN; 1 Victim XfVmma ac - 

DOWN: I Victim 2 Stores 3 Criteria 4 Cosmic 5 Pare 6 Vi 
Annexe -12 Ire 14 Macaroon 15 Tin 16 Cohere 17 Remove 
gate 20 Ordeal 21 Embryo 23UgIi Remove 

_ 7- 


£12,000 to be won 

Food for 

Clement Freud, politician, 
food writer and gourmet, 
finds calm professionalism 
behind the scenes in the 
kitchens of The Times 
restaurant of the year 

Can you, always get your copy o fTheTfanfei? 



Doyen and now: former Tomorrow's Worid presenter Raymond Baxter and today?* team 
Maggie PhBbin, Peter Macann, JuditirT&ann and Howard Stablefoiti 


on H 

*’ ‘VU if«5) 


• ■•* **« ;*,■ 






*1 u; 

Sw ** 


mr **■ 

r ■.«>*■#»••* *** 


FRIDAY MAY 2 1986 



Why love letters tell 
only half the story 

"^r r 

.•n" ■ '* 

T he ladies of the West Oxford- 
shire Conservative Associa- 
tion seemed to have enjoyed 
their morning. “She was 
superb. Not a sign of notes. Facts at 
her finger tips. Never at a loss for an 
answer. Good strong stuff.'* 

An address from the Conservative 
Party Leader? Yob would have 
thoight so. But no. h appears that the 
Tory Party has at leak one other 
strong, fluent, female striker waiting 
on the touchline. They had just had a 
taste of the Emma Nicholson 

By some quirk of democratic file 
Miss Nicholson is not actually a 
Member of Parliament aL the mo- 
menu This should be pot right at the 
next general election, when she takes 
over in Devon West and Torridge 
from Sir Peter Mills, who is retiring, 
having gained a 12,000 majority at 
the last election. Meanwhile she is 
nursing that gentle , treat stream 
constituency in her personal whole- 
hearted manner. Tins not only in- 
volves “a regular programme of 
coffee mornings and house-to-house 
visits, followed up by personal letters 
throughout the whole constituency”, 
it also means that she can be found 
singing twice every Sunday in the 
Halherieigh church choir. 

But there is more. After die last- 
election Mrs Thatcher and Willie 
Whitelaw brought ber into central 
office as a party vice-chairman in 
charge of women. She has set herself 
the task of changing the fece of Tray 
womanhood. No more pretty hats 
and backroom slavery. She wants to 
recruit what she calls “the high 
fryers”. She is in direct opposition to 
the high priestess of upwardly mohfle 
young people, Lynne Franks, who is 
going after the same group for the 
Labour Party. When Emma Nichol- 
son arrived, there were eight women 
on the central office ca n dida t es list 
Now there are 90, . 

Arranging to meet her is nice 
organizing a rendezvous with 
Halley’s Comet. There is a patient 

male on ber staff who kept passing me 

Emma Nicholson leads a teum.of career women committed to political advancement 

The most high flyer 

position fixes; she was in the file of 
Wight one moment, then Devon, 
then London “to brief Norman” and 
run a High Flyers conference. Then it 
was Scotland for five speeches, back 
for a speech in Douglas Hurd’s 
constituency and then on to Cornwall 
to speak in Truro. I ought to see her 
soon, he advised, for the Turkish. 
Prime Minister had invited her to see 
what they were doing about the 
advancement of women in Istanbul 
and Dr Hastings Banda wanted beT in 
Malawi for the anniversary of their 
independence. Her crowded schedule 
is also a reason for her single status; 
“Lots of people have wanted to many 
me but Fve always been too busy." 

Eventually I found myselfln charge 
of the plastic carrier bag she uses lor 
her overnight things ( 7 I suppose I 
should gst a suitcase”) as we went off 
to have lunch at the home of her 84- 
year-okl father. Sir Godfrey Nichol- 
son, who was himself an MP fra 34 
years. As Sr Godfrey conducted me 
to the stables to tap one of his barrels 
of home-made cider (brewing habits 
die hard for a firmer nha mpan of 
Nicholson’s Gin), he delivered his 
own judgement on his daughter: “She 
is the mbs remarkable woman I 

J ust bow remarkable was gradu- 
ally revealed. She is a sturdy, 
handsome 44, a longdistance 
walker and a cross-country 
skier. She spent ber early fife aiming 
to be a professional musician. She 
was school organist, head of the choir 
and deputy head giri at St Mary’s, 
Wantage. At the Royal Academy of 
Music rite sailed through her piano, 
cello and singing ««n«, but some- 
thing was wrong. M I just wasn't 
making the progress that was expect- 
ed of me.” 

Suddenly, the reason for that be- 
came all too dear. She had been 
seriously deaf since birth. Fra the 
early part of her life she had missed 
much of what was happening around 
her. Medical technology has now 
removed this drawback. 

With ber musical career in ruins, 
she decided, in 1963, that the coming 
thing was computers. I CL, who were 
looking fir mathematicians, turned 
her down for their computer course. 
Her knowledge of Greek, Latin, 
Aramaic, Hebrew and music did not 
impress the deputy personnel officer. 
The Emma Nicholson persuasion 
changed that 

. ‘There followed 10 years in comput- 
er and general management consul- 
tancy work. “It was a wonderful 
grounding in business. Before I could 
write a programme fra a company I 
had to find out how it worked.” In 
1973 she made another radical career 
switch, joining the Save The Children 
Fund as director of fund-raising, 
When she arrived, the fund’s annual 
income was £33 million. When she 
left to tackle full-time politics last 
year it was £42 million. 

“I saw, going round with my father 
as a child, that politics was die easiest 
way of getting thing changed, that 
the House of Commons was the place 
where decisions were taken which 
affect people's lives. And I saw an 
awful fit of things I wanted changed.” 

Adopted for an industrial constitu- 
ency, Blyth m Northumberland, she 
admits: “I didn’t really know how to 
start, so I went to see Mrs Thatcher 
for advice. She told me to spend every 
Saturday afternoon in the housing 
estates. So I did - every Saturday 
afternoon for three and a half years. It 
worked. At the 19 79 election I got the 
highest ever Conservative vote in 
Blyth. The Liberal lost his deposit, 
which was fun.” 

She was left without a constituency 
at the last election because, as she 
purs it. “I tried above my level”. She 
was offered three hopeless seats but 
no one offered her a winnaWe one. 
This may have been the party’s gain 
in the long run, for she has been able 
to concentrate on rallying the New 
Woman to the cause. 

“From my experience in industry, 
women who achieve success are 
exceptionally able people, with clear 
judgement mid well organized lives. 

The skills of these women are needed 
in politics. The qualities which make 
a woman bank manager are qualities 
which should inform government 
and help put together legislation.” 

By visiting anything between six 
and a dozen constituencies every 
week she has amassed a collection of 
names, and instructed all her contacts 
“to go out and find other people like 
you”. She now heads a huge female 
network of upwardly mobile talent. 
“I’m trying to tap their support 
without wrecking their professional 
lives. Our High Flyers conference, for 
instance, was deliberately timed for 
10.30am-3.30pm to allow the consci- 
entious women to do a day's work 
before and afterwards.” 

T he trouble, she says, is they 
are so easily discouraged. 
“You have to keep bouncing 
back in politics. Women 
aren’t very good at tbaL Just the other 
day one of my women was turned 
down for a seal which she was tipped 
U> get. She rang me up and said: 
'That’s it, Emma. I’m taking my 
name off the list* It took me 20 
minutes on the telephone, followed 
by a letter, followed by a visit, to stop 
her. .After all, 1 tell them, 1 know what 
ft's like. I have had 35 interviews fra 
seats myself.” 

She has a certain scorn for sociolo- 
gy — “woolly thinking” — and for 
“under-performing teachers”. She be- 
lieves in the central management of 
education and higher pay for teachers 
based on an assessment of their work. 
“It is under-performing teachers who 
are blocking this development. In 
industry we welcomed work assess- 
ment as a way towards advancement 
more pay, better opportunities.” 
“Don't think I am doing all this 
without support from the very top” , 
she says. “I often send papers to Mrs 
Thatcher, and follow them up with a 
visit. We don't always agree, but 
that's the fun of politics. 1 enjoy our 

session& " Pearson Phillips 

©Tunaa W a w p a pa r a Ltd, 1988 

It’s been going on for a week, 
now. so we must all know that 
eonum was the late Edward 
VIH’s private word, meaning 
“little arid pathetic and 
sweet”; that he and Mrs 
Simpson had a code for 
themselves, “WE", meaning 
“Wallis and Edward”: ana 
that be ended his letters “God 
Bless WE”. We know about 
the playfulness, the bursting 
hearts, the admonitory mater- 
nal remarks and the sheer 
confidence of the married 
woman who called the Prince 
of Wales a “nice boy" and 
reckoned that she and he and 
poor old Ernest could happily 
nib along together, with a bit 
of tact, even when the Prince's 
outpourings had become 

We have, courtesy of Mi- 
chael Bloch’s book (serialized 
in the Daily Mail), opened a 
few dozen ancient letters ad- 
dressed to “The King. The 
Fort, Sunningdale, 
Angle terre", and a few more 
from the royal pen itself. We 
have pored over the coy and 
unpunctuated contents. And it 
has all been pretty uncomfort- 
able, even when loosely dis- 
guised as “history”. 

Oddly enough, it was all the 
more embarrassing because 
these two avid lovers — dust 
and ashes, now, beyond suffer- 
ing from history’s verdict — 
were in fact notable for noth- 
ing at aU, other than their love 
and its constitutional results. 




Instead of being a sidelight 
on distinguished lives, the 
letters represent the whole 
interest of them. If you read 
the absurd love-letters of, for 
instance, Chopin (be wrote to 
Delphine Potocka outlining 
his slightly insulting theory 
that the act of love meant that 
he lost his ability to compose 
preludes), you can at least 
dismiss them with an indul- 
gent laugh as the weak and 
intimate moments of a genius. 
With Wallis and Edward, 
however, there is nothing but 
the weakness, nothing but the 
relationship to think about. 
And so they become defined 
by nothing but their eanums 
and trembling hearts and 
poor-littie-WE notes. 

They diminish, before our 
very eyes, into banality. The 
Duchess, we know, wanted the 
letters published; but would 
her “David” really have de- 
sired, as his brief monarchy 
passed into dimmest memory, 
that we should remember him 
for these boyish rumblings and 
not for the calm. sad. public- 
dignity of his abdication 

This is not to say that the 




The big sleep cure for jetlag 

Statesmen, when they travel, 
should always bear in mind 
the file of the late Lord 
George-Brown who was so 
disorientated by jetlag, or a 
failure to observe the disci- 
plines of long-distance travel, 
that his diplomatic mission 
had to be abandoned and Her 
Majesty’s Foreign Secretary 
retnmed to Britain early to 
recover. White House advise 
era have made it plain that 
nothing so ignominious will 
overtake their President Rear 
gan, currently on a tour of 
south-east Asia. 

While on board his plane he- 
will eschew alcohol, and drink 
up to five pints of fluid a day 
to keep him hydrated. He will 
eat easily digested carbohy- 
drates in the morning, have 
plenty of tea and coffee in the 
afternoon,, and proteins for 
supper. His journey will be 
spaced out with several stops 
to allow his natural time dock, 
“the rhythm” which 

governs the body’s physiologi- 
cal systems, to adjust to 
crossing several time zones. 

Ideally there should be a 24- 
hoar pause for each zone, but 
^ few schedules allow this. Sleep 
is all important, and British 
physicians usually recom- 
mend a short-acting 
benzodiazapme temazepam, 
(Nonnison or Euhypnos) in 
order to ensure a night's rest 

If the President is a catnap- 
perso much the better, for the 
very deep sleep of the catnap 
provides some protection 
against jetlag. On arrival, after 
a cheery wave all round, the 
traveller shook! be allowed! to 
have a good night's sleep 
before having to fece the 

Dr Frank Preston, medical 
adviser to British Airways, is 
not certain if this regime, or 
any other, will prevent- jetlag. 
He said: “Travellers must 
realize that the body shots up 
shop from time -to time. The 
digestion, colonic activity, die 
pancreas and the g romnch, all 
dose down for foe night from 


midnight to six and it takes 
time for the system to adjust 
to a time change. 

“People shouldn't eat when 
the body is closed, but I 
suppose that if they have to, 
carbohydrate would be easier 
to absorb.” 

Hormone therapy 

Hormone re- 
therapy has 
advanced since 
the Somerset 
Manghao era 
when discos' 
sum of it conjnred up an image 
of furtive trips to Swiss clinics 
and hints of monkey gbmd 
extracts. Some of the quackery 
which sarronnded it in the 
1930s may account for the 
Kturtance of GPs to talk about 
it with post-menopausal pa- 
tients — a reluctance which 
condemns many post-meno- 
pausal women to unnecessary 
osteoporosis (thinning of the 
bones) which can result in 
fatal fractures and coronary 

heart disease. 

Dr Malcolm Pike, of the 
Raddifie Infirmary, Oxford, 
diking recently at the BMA 
annual scientific meeting, 
helped to redress the balance. 
The use of hormones would ait 
the dead! rate from fractures 
in older women by 60 per cent, 
and the death rate from coro- 
nary heart disease — rapidly 
becoming a scourge in women 
as well as men — by half. 

However, there is a risk* and 
Dr Pike told the conference 
that it is ap to a patient’s 
doctor to weigh the benefit of 
against the increased chance 
of developing cancer of rite 
breast or lining of the womb. 
Both have been associated 
with oestrogen therapy. 

It is hoped that foe in- 
creased incidence of cancer of 
foe uterus wiB be greatly 
reduced if not entfrely removed 

by the use of combined 
preparatioDs.MaDy women 
have long been aware of the 
sense of well being, the lifting 
of meuopansal symptoms and 
the restoration of sexual vitali- 
ty which follows hormone 

Doctors have welcomed its 
effect on foe heart, the arteries 
and bones,, but it is only 
recently that It has been shown 
to have a dramatic effect in 
cat ti ng the number who devel- 
op rheumatoid arthritis. Stud- 
ies have shown that hormone 
replacement therapy redness 
the number of cases in old 
women by 80 per cent 

Radiation concern 

If the wind 
changes to the 
east and the 
cloud from 
Russia is blown 
across Britain 
some increase in background 
radiation is inevitable so that 
somebody, somewhere : in the 
country will suffer probably 
many years hence as a result of 
the accident in Chernobyl 
Twenty or thirty years hence 
patients in eastern Europe will 
be admitted to hospital with 

i\wi ! I 

leukaeniiaor carcinoma ofthe grandfathers would have been 
thyroid and babies will be born damaged by the rifle ranges of 
with abnormalities-, but it will Canerick or CatefoaraTor 
always remain impossible to teenage brothers and sisters by 

-r . * • u^uan« uiuuiwi a auu wmua ut 

attribute particular cases toil. the noisy disco. 

Fortunately the dose which A w 0 f doctors in Swe- 
mayfrdl in this country will be has recently produced 

far too small to affect most evidence that babies’ hearing, 
peoples health and the Gov- which is particularly sensing 
emmeru will increase its mom- ^ lasting loss when 
tonne programme to check exposed to le\3s of noise 

toys - levels which 

rooms at us allegedly safe Q^y in any way be trying 

‘r n / j .. fo adults. Particularly damag- 

7/r Poland jng are percussion noises such 

active fallout tes reached wor- ^ m jght be made by toy guns 
lying levels other precautions 0r fireworks. 
will have to be taken. In areas . , 

where people have been sub- Dr XHOnUtS StUttafonr 

The billets-doux 
of Edward VHI 
and Mrs Simpson 1 
distort their 
memory, argues 
Libby Pnrves 

Windsor letters were any 
more . . . well, eonum , to use 
a kind word, than anybody 
else’s. They were poorly ex- 
pressed and repetitive, but no 
more so than you would 
expect of that brittle cocktail 
generation. Neither of them 
was a Keats, but then, how 
many of us are? The great 
majority of love-letters, ex- 
posed to the common gaze, 
would probably look banal, 
affected and sickening, just 
like the Valentine messages to 
Tiggy-pooh, Rumpletummy 
and Snoggin the Snog, pub- 
lished annually in the 

Equally, all love-letters, in- 
cluding foe WE correspon- 
dence, have flashes of 
genuinely moving, universal 
poetry, usually well buried in a 
load of indecipherable refer- 
ences to Easter Bunnies and 
Tiggers (Winnie foe Pooh has 
a lot to answer for). No, it is 
not a personal slight upon the 
Duke and Duchess to wonder, 
reading the letters, whether it 
was really worth a scholarly, 
meticulous chap's while to 
spend years typing them out 
and arranging them for the 
printed page. History? Bunk. 

Love-letters prove nothing 
but love. The only excuse for 
priming them is if the writers 
have the rare gift of disciplin- 
ing their outpourings: which 
means, generally, that they are 
professionals. Look at Keats: 
he scornfully rejected the sen- 
timental finesse in the letters 
of Rousseau: as he wrote to 
Fanny Brawne: “The common 
gossiping of washerwomen 
must be less disgusting than 
the continual and eternal 
fence and attack of Rousseau 
and these sublime petticoats _ 
Thank God I am born in 
England with our own great 
men before my eyes. Thank 
God that you are feir and can 
love me without being letter- 
written and sentimentalized 
into it.” 

And yet he himself, in a 
more straightforward and En- 
glish way. was writing literary 
and love-letters. He couldn't 
help iL He was a poet “Every 
hour 1 am more and more 
concentrated in you; every- 
thing else tastes like chaff in 
my mouth ” Two good, fresh 
metaphors in one apparently 
spontaneous sentence; well 
worth reading. 

Or take James Joyce’s mis- 
sives to Nora Barnacle: he 
couldn't avoid comedy, even 
at his mistress’s feet: “I of- 
fended two men today by 
leaving them coolly. I wanted 
to hear your voice, not theirs. 
When 1 am with you 1 leave 
aside my contemptuous, sus- 
picious nature. I wish I fell 
your head on my shoulder. I 
think I will go to bed.” 

The other sort of good lo ve- 
letters are those written in a 
more formal age. when pick- 
ing up a pen meant automatic 
self-discipline. 1 suppose pa- 
per was in shorter supply. The 
letters between the con- 
demned Royalist Mr 
Fenruddock and his wife, in 
1 6SS. are among the jewels of 
Elizabeth Jane Howard's an- 
thology of these things. Mrs 
Pen ruddock is: “Your sad but 
constant wife, even to love 
your ashes when dead ... Your 
children beg your blessing, 
and present their duties to 
you” and he replies: “Do not 
think meanly of me, that I give 
way to grief now in private, 
when I see my sand run so fost 
... I thank you for all your 
goodness to me.” 

In restraint is strength; but 
this is a lesson that most 
modern lovers are incapable 
of learning. From the first 
pubescent moment when we 
commit to pink paper the 
words “Dearest darling bestest 
sweetest belovedest Angel 
sweetheart Ra I couldn't sleep 
all N1TE truly darling”, we 
reject reason and grammar. If 
we didnt. we'd think ourselves 
calculating and cold. 

I can tell you. though, that 
future generations are not 
going to be deprived of mate- 
rial for their anthologies of 
1980s billets-doux. Rather to 
my surprise, every single 
woman 1 asked, and two of the 
men. admitted to having a 



hoard of letters; the telephone 
has not killed the love-letter. 

.As one successful and beau- 
tiful married woman said: “I 
believed totally and utterly in 
every one. while it was going 
on. and the letters commemo- 
rate it.” Another said that she 
felt better for knowing she had 
a whole suitcase full of com- 
pliments in the attic, to draw 
on when marital grunts from 
behind the newspaper made 
her feel neglected. And a third 
had a literary motive: not to 
publish, but merely to show 
respect for the written word. 
“1 keep them all forever. It 
isn't foal none of my relation- 
ships have ever ended bitterly, 
but if it was a bad relationship 
there are probably no letters.” 

As for the men, I must 
admit foal the two who keep 
them are both gay. I was quite 
relieved, really, and so were 
my hoarding female friends: 
all of us suddenly awoke to the 
realization that if we had kept 
his ... he might have ours, 
somewhere. Thank God we 
signed them all Tiggy-Pooh 
and Rumpletummy. Nobody 
need ever know. 

©Times N m Mp epa re Ltd, 1 BBS 

jected to fallout the skin must 
be washed down, by showering 
rather than bathing. The 
Americans recommend dous- 
ing patients with water to 
which has been added a special 
solution. Radios: Wash, which 
helps to prevent absorption 
through the skin. 

If radioiodine levels have 
increased patients are given a 
dose of that hallowed Victori- 
an remedy Lugols solution of 
iodine. All Polish children 
have been given either Lugols 
solution or a saturated solu- 
tion of potassium iodide so 
that thyroid uptake of iodine 
has been blocked for at least 
several days. 

If the dose is known to have 
been large a diuresis by taking 
"water pills” is recommended. 
Patients who have been sub- 
jected to radioactive fallout 
should be monitored by using 
hand meters and their urine 
analysed for non-gamma 
emitting radionuclides. The 
intrepid traveller to eastern 
Europe would be well advised 
to avoid fresh milk and green 

Toys noise danger 

It seems that 
gun battles in 
V) / the nursery 

. w// may affect the 

*// bearing of 

/ young children 

-V just as their 


our rate for larger 




11 . 4 : 

The Cheltenham Goldloan rate for 
endowment or pension linked mortgages is 
currently 10.75% typical APR 11.4%. 
Compare that with the rates offered by other 
leading building societies and banks and 
you’ll see just how competitive Cheltenham 
Goldloan is. 

Loans are available for mortgages of 
£30,000 or more, including remortgage 
arrangements. Naturally security will be 
required for the loan and the rate may vary: 
For full written details simply complete 
and return die FREEPOST coupon or, if it’s 
more convenient, caii into your nearest 
C&G branch. 

To: Cheltenham & Gloucester Building Society. 

FREEPOST, Cheltenham, Gloucestershire GL50 1BR. 

Please send me full written details on Cheltenham Goldloa). 


| Postcode [ 



Over 160 brandies throughout the LX See YeNotv Pages. 

"j. . , i 

.-•-...TT*'/-' A' ,r.v‘v- ■» : ■ 

- L-^J - ^ 




Red shoes 

Members of the London Festival 
Ballet, due to dance in the Russian 
city of Vilnius, only 200 miles 
from the main body of nuclear 
fall-out. are waiting on tenter* 
hooks for confirmation of their 
historic trip. Yesterday the For- 
eign Office and the British Coun- 
cil. which arranged the three-week 
lour with the Soviet Concert 
Agency, were deciding whether it 
was safe to go ahead. “The last 
British ballet company tour of the 
USSR was 25 years ago. and we 
would all be disappointed if it was 
called off” said an LFB spokes- 
man. Due to leave this weekend, 
they will also be dancing in 
Moscow and Leningrad. 

• Meanwhile, Lord Halsbury was 
claiming during the Lords' 
committee meeting on nuclear 
energy yesterday that the literal 
translation of Chernobyl Is “black 

Closing bars 

Douglas Hurd may have taken the 
wrong tack when dealing with the 
prison riots, says author Nicholas 
Courtnay. Sixty years ago. Bo oar 
Law's Home Secretary, Viscount 
Bridge man, quelled a major riot 
Within hours. When asked by the 
prime minister how he had man- 
aged it, Bridgman replied: “It was 
easy. I just told the governor to 
order the prison band to play 
Forty Years On. The prisoners 
stood to attention and then re- 
turned to their cells.” 


Local election time does the 
oddest things to politicians. 
Gravhas-oozing David Owen has 
just shown his lighter side by. 
tabling a Commons motion 
congratulating Plymo»*h Argyie 
on its promotion to division two. 

Case history 

This month's annual conference 
of the Police Federation will 
debate a motion from the Lan- 

cashire branch proposing that the 
federation's adviser in the Com- 

mons. Sir Eldon Griffiths, should 
be joined by consultants from the 
other two major parties. This news 
should interest Christopher 
Walmsley, Liberal candidate for 
West Derbyshire. His father and 
two uncles were all policemen, bis 
father — as was Sir Eldon's — a 
federation official. There is just 
one problem: Walmsley is a 
former producer of BBC 2's Brass 
Tacks, a show that rivals Rough 
Justice as your average copper's 
least-favourite programme. 

Ovett and out 

Neil Kinnock has been telling 
friends what a fine time he had the 
other day. He'd just finished 
redecorating and was busy putting 
up his pictures and plates. On 
television, Steve Ovett was 
commenting on a race. When he 
enthused, for the sixth time, “And 
the women are doing jolly well”, it 
was too much for Glenys 
Kinnock. According to her hus- 
band, she reacted so shatteringly 
that a {date he was in the act of 
hanging crashed to the floor. 



That red glow is either Lewes prison 
or a Russian nuclear power station' 

Dead slow 

The wheels of the Probate Registry 
of Wales in Llandaff grind exceed- 
ing slow, as bereaved relatives will 
tell you. The problem, it appears, 
£s an unreliable photo-copying 
machine. But instead of installing 
another copier or taking the last 
wills and testaments to the nearest 
copying shop, staff have been 
instructed to send everything 
requiring copying to London. 
There the bundles of papers are 
duly photocopied and posted back 
to Wales. As a worker admitted 
yesterday, the process can take a 
week. The good news is that the 
machine is behaving itself a Utile 
better at the moment and is due 
for replacement this autumn. 




Where there's nuclear muck 
there's brass, it seems. American 
investors, always ready to make a 
quick buck out of a disaster, have 
piled their money into a company 
called Nuclear Support Systems 
which, among other things, helps 
repair stricken nuclear power 
plan ts, its shares have risen a 
dollar, to $21.50. Other areas that 
speculators have moved into in- 
clude potato futures (could be 
blighted), vodka producers (in 
c|ase the clouds spread to Poland), 
iodine manufacturers (for- die 
stricken children) and tractor 
makers (for ploughing the killing 
fields). This must be what they call 
caring capitalism. 


President Reagan, in his meetings 
with foreign ministers of the 
Association of South-East Asian 
Nations on Bali, is having an 
opportunity to hear about the 
problems facing the two-month- 
old Aquino government in the 
Philippines. He was yesterday 
discussing with Salvador Laurel, 
the vice-president and foreign 
minister, how America can help 
meet specific challenges. 

Reagan has announced an in- 
crease- in official US aid for Mrs 
Aquino's administration, but this 
money alone will not solve her 
problems. She needs to prime the 
economy, create jobs, mobilize the 

by Francisco Tatad 

have to do so now. Besides 
increasing economic and military 
aid, be could also improve its 
terms and advance its delivery 
schedules. Delayed assistance 
could be self-defeating.The Phil- 

with the military, has failed. 
Guerrilla activity has risen, claim- 

ing a daily average of about 12 
soldiers killed in the past 60 days. 

• A Reuters photographer and a 
local journalist were among those 
killed in the latest encounters in 
the northern Cagayan province. 
Government troops have also 
dashed with the More National 
liberation Front in the south. 

The use of the military to 
enforce local government appoint- 
ments has resulted in further 
mili tary casual ties. Some Muslim 
elements are threatening a holy 
war, while at least one Musi un- 
christian group is calling for the 
separation of Mindanao from the 

Aquino continues to enjoy 
strong support. But she has been 
slow to respond to basic demands 
from the countryside. Moreover, 
her lade of dear policies on foreign 
investment, compounded with 
anti-capitalist statements by her 
labour minister, Aguston Sanchez, 
have dampened an otherwise bull- 
ish business climate. After a surge 
in business confidence, stock ex- 
change trading has declined to 

ippines also needs better access to 
US and Japanese markets and 

US .and Japanese markets and 
easier foreign debt-servicing 

terms. At present, debt-servicing 
needs are consuming much of 

rural communities and equip the 
armed forces to fight the Com- 

munists and resurgent secession- 
ists in Mindanao. The treasury has 
been looted and there has been no 
inflow of capi tal Aquino is trying 
to recover billions of dollars in 
foreign assets said to have been 
illegally acquired by the former 
president. Ferdinand Marcos. 
This entails a long legal process, 
and unless the US and other 
foreign governments offer their 
full assistance, the wrangling 
could drag on for years. 

If Reagan wants to help he will 

needs are consuming much of 
Manila's meagre foreign exchange. 

Without fresh capital the 
hoped-for economic turnaround is 
not likely to come, and the 
government will be unable to cope 
with the increased activities of 
Marcos loyalists in Manila and. 
Communist guerrillas and 
secessionists in the countrysde. 

In the past few weeks, Marcos 
supporters have been picketing the 
US Embassy in their tens of 
thousands, demanding the former 
president's return from Hawaii 
Arturo Tolenrino, Marcos's for- 
eign minister, has vowed to be 
sworn in as vice- president on or 
.before June 14. 

Aquino's unilateral offer of a 
cease-fire to the Communists, 
announced without consultation 

David and Gareth Butler on the shift the by-elections may reveal 

Time for a tactical vote? 

Next Thursday's local elections, 
with the by-elections in Ryedale 
and West Derbyshire, offer the 
biggest test of political opinion 
between now and the end of this 
Parliament. But however people 
vote it is certain that they will be 
saying something different a year 
hence — as the opinion polls dem- 
onstrate. volatility is here to stay. 
Thursday may offer a more im- 
portant indicator for the next 
genera] election: a measure of how 
far people have accepted the idea 
of tactical voting. 

In the past 12 months the 
concept of a “progressive” or anti- 
conservative arrangement, with 
Labour or the Alliance withdraw- 
ing in agreed seats, has been put 
forward as the best chance of 
beating Mrs Thatcher. In a more 
sophisticated version. Michael 
Young and Frank Field have 
mooted a “Rainbow Coalition” 
under which, without any can- 
didate withdrawals or party deals, 
anti-Conservative voters would 
switch unilaterally to Labour 
where Labour is strong, and to the 
Alliance where Labour is weak. 

Labour, of course, rejects these 
ideas, not only on grounds of 
principle but because . Alliance 
supporters might not be prepared 
to switch. But we have not heard 
the last of the idea. Etidence is 
emerging that the political educa- 
tion of the electorate has reached a - 
point where tactical voting could 
affect the outcome in 1 987/88. 

The “two nations” idea mani- 
fest in recent local elections and 
opinion polls has been widely 
noticed — the strong swing to 
Labour in the north. Scotland and 
Wales in contrast with the Alli- 
ance advance in the south. But the 
Labour strategists who see this as a 
bonus will be disappointed. Give 
Payne, of the Oxford Social Stud- 
ies Computing Gentre. explored 
for us a series of hypotheses based 
on these swings. Even in the most 
extreme case, with Labour gaining 
15 per cent of the north and 
Scotland, and standing still in the 
south, these calculations offer no 
significant advantage for Labour 
over a uniform nationwide swing. 

However, if we look at the 
regional trends in conjunction 
with tactical voting, new insights 
emerge. Labour’s better perfor- 
mance may be due not so much to 
the regional economic situation as 
to the fact that Labour is. in many 
of these constituencies, the first or 
second party. This would also 
explain good Labour showings in 
London — and, in fact, in any 
seats where Labour secured a 
substantial share of the vote in 
1983. We therefore explored what 
would happen if the constituencies 
were divided into three categories: 
where Labour was very strong; 
where it got between 25 and 45 per 
cent of the vote; and where it was 

patently weak. We made various 
simplified assumptions about tac- 

tical voting (see table IX 
Tactical voting hardly arises in 
the first category of seats, which 
are all Labour-held and with the 
Alliance faring poorly in most But 
in the second and third categories 
there are obvious reasons for 

Prisons were once like warships.. 

At the height of the Empire, in a 
gunboat off the African coast a 

gunboat off the African coast a 
skipper reputedly asked his offi- 
cers at breakfast- “Well, gentle- 
men, where shall we sail today?” 

Prisons once had a good deal of 
autonomy. The man or woman in 
charge was — in a phrase that 
smacks of colonial autocracy — a 
governor. And if he wanted to sail 
his prison in a particular way he 
could, within the broad outlines of 
policy. One once said he ruled 
with the help of his chief officer, 
and might take the chaplain's 

Over the past 20 years that 
autonomy has been curbed. The 
governors are now called “man- 
agement”. They are financially 
responsible for their prisons in a 
way that leaves them difficult 
choices. The prison officers and 
prisoners are at the receiving gnri 
of this new discipline, part of a 
disorientating change which is 
removing from Britain's jails their 
moral content threatening the 
sense of responsibility that has 
underpinned them. Industrial ac- 
tion of the kind now being seen 
would once have been unthink- 
able: but today's officers say the 
pressures are unprecedented. 

They have stated that they want 
their purpose to be the rehabilita- 
tion of prisoners. According to the 

— tf- - 


- t a*' W. » . 

Roy Hattersiey with Shirley Haines, Labour's Ryedale candidate 

Table 1 





125 strong Labour seats 

over 45% 


+ 2% 


224 seats with Lab fa contention 





284 hopeless Labour seats 

undr 25% 


+ 2% 


Table 2 

Share of votes 
Seats on uniform swing 
Seats on tactical voting 
Difference in seats 

















Parties coming first and second 

Party coming find 





Con & Lab 




Con & Alfa 





Lata & ABn 




Nat 1st or 2nd 




Total seats (GB) 





tactical voting. There would be 
startling consequences for the 
total outcome if these assump- 
tions held good (table 2). 

Labour could thus, with tactical 
voting, win a clear majority on less 
than 35 per cent of the national 
vote. On uniform swings from the 
1983 results, 38 per cent is the 
minimum for either the Conser- 
vative or the Labour Party to gain 
absolute victory (the Alliance 
faces a 42 per cent hurdleX 

The tactical voting hypothesis is 
not just a contrived way of 
attributing some hope of victory 
to Labour at a period when its 
opinion poll ratings seem to have 
developed a stubborn ceiling of 

around 36 per cent Our example 
does presuppose a fairly sharp 
drop in Conservative support 
nationwide, but the phenomenon 
could emerge even if all the party 
percentages remain at the 1983 
leveL Tory marginals would still 
fall through tactical voting 
What hard evidence is there, 
however, that the era of uniform 
national swing is dead? First, there 
is the inherent logic of the 
phenomenon evident in the 1983 
elections. Conservative-Labour 
contests were no longer the norm, 
and the country is now divided 
equally into a Conservative-La- 
bour half and a Conservative- 
Alliance half (table 3X 
Less than a third of the 397 

Peter Evans on the pressures that led 
to the prison officers taking action 

Mutiny on the 
container ship 

service's Rule 1. it exists to 
encourage and assist prisoners in 
leading a good and useful life. 
That rule, the culmination of at 
least a century of purposeful penal 
reform, has been important to 
both officer and prisoner. But 
now. after the growth of scep- 
ticism about the usefulness of any 
sort of punishment as a means of 
reform, the emphasis is being put 
on humane containment — equ- 
ally well the purpose of a zoo. 

Though the change was not 
dramatic has not taken place 
overnight, and does noL apply 
everywhere to an equal extent, it 
has blunted sensibilities. It is 
easier to contemplate severe 
industrial action if a moral aim is 
not given the same priority by the 
prison leadership. 

There is a ghetto mentality in 
the service, encouraged by the 

isolation of the various prisons. 
Prison officers suspect that 
management would like to get rid 
of their tribal lords, the chief 
officers, on the grounds that they 
fit a bit anachro rustically into a 
management-orientated service. 
This uncertainty has helped to 
provide a new locus ofloyaJty: the 
Prison Officers Association. 

Though it sees itself as keeper of 
te traditions of the service, the 

POA’s arguments are becoming 
more stridently economic, con- 
demning the prison building pro- 
gramme - much needed though it 
is — for absorbing money that 
should be spent on the day-to-day 
running of the service. 

. Pan of the change which buffets 
the service is because it is. like the 
rest of the penal justice system, 
demand-led. The argument at the 
heart of the dispute between the 

Conservative MPs won against 
Labour; the Alliance was the 
prime enemy. Bat three-quarters 
of Labour MPs won against the 
Conservatives. The division is not 
narrowly regional Labour hopes . 
and needs to min seats in Bristol, 
Swindon, Oxford, Southampton 
and, of course. Greater London if 
it is to attain a majority in the 
House of Commons. 

The two Oxford seats (table 4) 
epitomize the problem. Oxford 
East is 16th on Labour’s list of 
targets, winnable on even a mod-, 
est . Conservative-Labour swing; 
but Oxford West and Abingdon 
would be a Conservative loss to 
the Alliance. if the fatter could 
squeeze the Labour vote. " 

Table 4 

Oxford East Ox Wat & Abingdon 
Con 40% Con 48% 

Lab 37% Alfa- 33% 

Alfa 23% Lab 17% 

The by-elections of this Par- 
liament have shown that tactical 
voting flourishes. In the 10 fought 
in mainland Britain the Labour 
vote has gone up in fl ve out of tbe 
six where the party won 25 per 
cent or more is 1983. It has gone 
down in three out. of the four. 
. where its 1983 vote was under 25 
per cent.’ Recent local authority' 
by-elections" show many more 
instances of-this tendency: - 

What does all this imply? First, - 
it appears to strengthen the Affi- 
ance argument against the present 
electoral system. For a party to 
win a clear majority on barely a 
. third of the votes could be seen by 
many as a cause for concern. 
Second, it justifies the Labour 
strategy of “targeting” 130 or so 
winnable seats, to the exclusion of 
the rest. Third, it confirms the 
widespread prejudice against 
believing in uniform national 
swing. Most people want to think 
that their seat’ is going Go defy the 
broad trend — and, on this 
hypothesis, many of them could 
be right Fourth, it explains why 
the Labour vote can rise by 10 per 
cent in Fulham and, perhaps, 
stand still in Ryedale, while the 
Alliance vote does tbe opposite. 

For the Alliance tbe moral is. 
that it must keep the voters in 
those 315 seats in which it came 
second last time aware that it 
offers the challenge to the incum- 
bent- And for Conservatives it 
seems that, instead of disparaging 
the Alliance, they should be 
devoting their propaganda to 
keeping voters (or at least those 
with latent Labour sympathies) 
loyal to it. 

There have been signs in recent 
weeks of a Labour rally and an 
Affiance slump. It will be interest- 
ing to watch the extent of this 
trend next Thursday. But what 
will be more interesting still will 
be measuring how tactical it is — 
how far the anti-Thatcher voters 
give to him that hath, and wfa 
away from him that hath not 
David and Gareth Butler are the 
authors o/ British Political Facts, 
1900-1 985, jntidished this week by 

PDA and the service is about 
manning levels needed to cope 
with a rising jail population. More 
economic use of manpower could 
save money, . says the prison 
department, but the POA says that 
could so reduce staff that their 
safety would be ax risk and the 
prisoners' lives made more mis- 
erable. The title . of the Home 
Office official negotiating with the 
POA is Director of Personnel and 
Finance: the two are inextricably 
linked as part of his' role. 

The prison service has not been 
tbe only complainant. Last June. 
Sir Kenneth Newman, the Metro- 
politan Police Commissioner, said 
that London's police could no 
longer keep pace with crime, in 
trying to operate within rigorously 
enforced cash- limits, the police 
would inevitably be less able to 
meet all their commitments in' the 
way ihey would wish. “We have 
been forced to . concentrate upon 
particular priorities.” he said. 

The message coming out of the 
jails is similar. With law and onter 
likely to be a major issue in the 
next general election the govern- 
ment can point to increased prison' 
spending: but wilt it keep pace 
with demand as tbe jail popula- 
tion climbs towards 50.000? 

David Watt 

levels only slightly higher than 
those before Marcos’s fall. 

The. new -president has done 
little or nothing to consolidate her 
base. The Catenet is divided on 
such issues as tbe selective repudi- 
ation of foreign debt and the 
scra pp ing of the overpriced - 
Westmghouse nuclear plane She 
seems to rely on advisers not 
much more ogerienoed than. she. 

Unless she is able quickly to 
seize the initiative, Aqumo's gov- 
ernment risks being swept aside by 
stronger forces who want - to 
prevent by any means the Com- 
munists and secessionists gaining 
the upper, hand. Already, some 
have expressed fear that her 
government could end up like, the 
provisional government of : 
Alexander Kerensky which came 1 
into power in tbe Russian cevohi- ; 
tion of March 1917 and fell a few I 
months later. ' - 

Kerensky fell because of ineffec- 
tual leadership. He could not 
satisfy the dainour of the masses ? 
for “land, peace and bread”; .. 5 

. QMMMkmltMd-MiiM • 

The author was information min- 
ister under President Marcos from , 
1969 to 1980, a member of 
parliament until 1984, resigning ; 
under martial law. 


The Labour Party’s new ‘Tfree- 
dom and Fairness” campaign is 
handsome candyfloss but it is also 
potentially important If it has the 
impact that the- people who are 
paying so much for it intend, it is 
going to alter, mice again, foe- 
. mental • picture -with which the 
voters approach British politics. 

■ For the' past two years that 
picture has predominantly been 
the one painted by the - Affiance, 

whose chief- psychological 
'achievement has been to destroy 

theootioD of the party struggle asa 
tug-of-war and substitute the im- 
age of a pair of scales, with the 

Alliance standing halfway be- 
tween two extremes, ready to 

throw its weight on to one side or 
another. It- is unlikely that Labour 
. can restore the old' heave-ho in 
time for die general election, but it 
now' threatens to replace the 

vision of a baiance with the image 
of a a tall triangle of roughly equal 
sides, representing’ an “extreme” 
government at tbe apex, chal- 
lenged by two rival “moderate” 
parties at the base. 

-Hie pofides' of Labour and the 
Alliance are not, of course, being 
seen as identical But with Labour 
pfaying down “socialism” and 
even a dogmatic devotion to 
equality, both alternatives to Mrs 
Thatcher appear to be offering 
non-ideological prescriptions, 
with an emphasis on managerial 
competence,, bread-and-butter 
“human" satisfaction, and 
planned industrial regeneration. 

Naturally. Labour still has to 
confirm that the new look is not 
simply sheep’s clothing. Even if 
one accepts the highly debateable 
proposition that the far-left has 
been crushed for the rest of this 
Parliament, the party's credibility 
as a moderate, centrist force 
cannot rest purely on the policies 
it - is putting forward at tbe 
moment. The path of the repen- 
tant sinner is mined with other 
people’s memories, and Labour's 
glossy slogans about the freedom 
of foe-individual, filched from the 
Thatcher revolution, would look 
more convincing if the whole bent 
of Labour Party policy since 1945 
had not been towards interven- 
tion. The average voter does not 
need to have, pored over Sic Isiah 
Berira'-s essay on the two meanings 
of liberty to-realize that the new 
campaign's promises to “free”, 
people from poverty, bad housing 
and long waits in the health clinic 
do not amount to a promise to 
“free” them from bonds that they 
may well want to lose even 
more — namely the constraints of 
well-meaning social engineering 
and accompanying high taxation 
that' have , been at the 'heart of 
British socialism since the Webbs.' 
./However, let us give the Labour 
publicists their due and assume! 
that, then 1 .: efforts suppress-aiT 
awkward echoes from thepast and 
biurr all doubtful intimations 
from the future. In short, suppose 
the new image sticks. What then? 

For the Conservatives; the ef- 
fects look mixed. Their lonely 
isolation at the apex of the triangle . 
becomes more uncomfortable; 
Affiance and. Labour attacks on 

the government’s record, being 
s imilar , reinforce each other. But 
because the Conservatives are 
now the only surviving propo- 
nents of “conviction” politics, 
they have the advantage of being 
able to look more positive and 
assertive than their ~ opponents. * 
The instinctive dete rminatio n of 
Mrs Thatcher and Nonna nTeb bit 
to produce a radical manifesto for 
the next election is probably the 
strategy best suited to the new 
political situa tion; it makes a 
virtue out of necessity. 

For the Affiance parties, the loss 
of the “balance” image caused by 
the blurring of the distm e no n wi th 
La bour is a pity, since k deprives 
them of their claim to be the sole * 
occupants of the political centre. 
But it is not afi bad, s ince it tends 
to confirm their status as being on 
an equal footing with Labour. The 
crucial and uncertain question is 
what effect the new geometry, if 
firmly established, would have on 
tbe saleability of the A lli ance's 
main stock-in-trade - the pros- 
pect of a “hung” Parliament and a 
coalition government. 

After a lot of doubt and argu- 
ment, particularly oh the Liberal . 
tide. David Owen's strategy of 
malting ah electoral stalemate 
rather than an outright Affiance 
victory the main sales-pilch on 
doorsteps, has become firmly 
adopted. Tbe idea has been that by 
voting Alliance you are not just 
getting the most sensible policies; 
you are buying a veto over tbe 
unfettered tyranny of whichever 
“extreme” party you fear most. 

This appeal has worked pretty 
well at local leveL In par- 
liamentary by-elections it has 
encouraged tactical voting for tire 
Affiance; in local elections it has 
produced a -sizeable number of 
hung councils in which coalition 
government, or something that is . 
m practice verynear it, can be seen 
operating competently. The 
assumption has been that this line 
would be equally persuasive in a 
general election; if the Alliance 
held the national balance of 
power, neither Conservative nor 
Labour parties would be able to 
resist a deal — and at tbe 
handsome price of. abando n i n g 
‘extreme’ policies. 

But does this scenario have the 
same attraction if Labour ceases to 
look “extreme”? The best judge- 
ment is that it probably doesn't, 
but that the effect would be 
lopsided. On the one hand 
Tebbit's constant cry that a vote 
for the Alliance Labour will 
be less effectively frightening to 
Tory voters but, on the other, 
Kinnock’ s accusation that a vote 
for. the Alliance lets in the Conser- 
vatives will peck more punch. 

. ..The overall electoral arithmetic, 
in fact, favours the Kinnock. and 
Tgfcbit theses almost equally. Each 
needsihe Affiance to take enough 
votes to block its main opponent. 
But from the psychological point 
of view. Labour's new respectabil- 
ity, by isolating the Conservatives, 
may make an Affiance-Conser- 
vative coalition seem less de- 
sirable and an Alliance vote to 
keep out Labour less essential 

moreover . , . Miles Kington 

we meet, again 

Starting tomorrow in the More- 
over column, and only in foe 
Moreover column: the Duchess of 
Windsor’s Diaries! 

. Yes, exclusive to Moreover are 
the hitherto unknown journals 
which the Duchess of Windsor 

kept all through her life. They 
come to us from sources we 

come to us from sources we 
cannot reveal but they have been 
authenticated by experts, all of 
whom have asked to remain 
anonymous. They are written in 
hasty longhand in a W.H. Smith 
exercise book. W.H. Smith, a 
famous firm of reputable 
stationers, have confirmed . that 
the book is, beyond doubt, one of 
theirs. There can be no doubt 
about the diaries* authenticity. 

Here at last is the truth about all 
the great questions which lave 
hovered over the life of the fate 
Duchess of Windsor! Questions 
such as 

□ Did Wallis Simpson grow up 
in America as a boy, misled by the 
masculine sound of her name? 

□ Did Stanley Baldwin offer to 
many Wallis Simpson in place of 
Edward VUL in order to avoid a 
constitutional crisis? 

□ Did the Prince of Wales 
insist on marrying Wallin so that 
he could abdicate and avoid the 
throne he had dreaded mounting? 

, □ Was there a secret door built 
into the throne of England, so ring 
the Duchess of Windsor could 
secretly enter and leave, at will? 

□ Is it true that she had 
previously been married to seven 
men called Simpson. Grumpy, ' 
Sneezy, Wilson, KeppeL Betty and 
Gordon Bennett? 

.□ Ifdivorces are not allowed in 

tbe British . monarchy, how did 
Henry, VTli get away with it?. 

All this and more is revealed in 

the secret diaries of the Duchess of 

Windsor, which start tomorrow in 
the Moreover column. In them 
she lays bare her thoughts on 
Libya, the Westland affair Neil 
Kinnock and what it's tike to grow 

■ m kniMw * . 

up being called Wallis. And she 
also tells us about her first meeting ' 
with her future hus band 
“May, 1931. Today. I was 
presented for the first time to foe 
Pnnce of Wales.,Upon my being 
introduced as. Wallis Simpson, he ' 
said he foougbr foal that was foe‘ 
name of a photographic shop. I 

The - author is home affairs 
correspondent o/T he Times. 

said he was thinking of Wallace 
Heaton. We all laughed.” 

Ufa often thought that foe Duke 
and Duchess of Windsor , took 
little interest in world affairs, but 
these newly discovered diaries 
prove this is not so. For instance; 
this sensational entry in 1937: 

“I am worried, about the am- 
bitions of Herr Hitler. Something 
tells me that they will lead to a 
European war in two years’ time,' 
and though I think that we shall 
have wop by about 1945. it will 
lead to much misery for Britain, 
culminating, I fancy, in aniH-faled 
attempt to. win the Suez .canal by 
force in about 1956. But the 
advent of rock'n'roll will do much 
to restore merriment to the nation. - 
J only wish I had not been called 
Wallis.” . 

This preoccupation' with her 
first name comes out " in another 
version of her first with 

the prince: - 

‘ “Jane, 1931. . Today I .was; 
presented for the first time to the 
Prince of Wales. ‘Wallis 
SimpsonT’ he said. ‘Is that not the 
name ofthe man who introduces 
The Goon Show oh the wireless?’ I 
said he must be thinking of 
Wallace Grcenslade, and we all 

-That these diaries are utterly 
genuine there can be no doubt At . 
the very end of the final entry: 
there is a handwritten . note: 
“These diariesare utterly genuine, 
honest”, and signed ** the Duchess 
of Windsor. PS. I bet you cannot 
find the jewels.” And tbereis also,: 
to clinch everything, an entry 
describing her first meeting wifo- 
the Prince of -Wales: 

“July 1931. Met the-. Prince of 
Wales again for.foe first time. He- 
said he thoogh he.hadinet an. 
American, film star of the same 
name as mine; 1 said, for heaven's 
sake, that is Wallace Berry: you 
would "think you coflld my 
name right by now. we all 

.. Only in Moreover will- you find 
three totally genuine accounts' of- 
the first meeting of the Duchess of 
Windsor with the Prince ofWalesr 
Starting tomorrow: -foe Diaries of 
the Duchess of Windsor. Reserve 
your copy?' now.. We shall be. 
working throughout .foe night' to? 
write ‘them.- 






1 Pennington Street, London Ei 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 


President Reagan’s arrival in 
Tokyo today, after a leisurely 
ramble around die Pacific 
basin, starts the serious build- 
up io the weekend summit of 
seven world leaders. This sum- 
mit is the latest in a series that 
began in 1975 and travels 
circus-like from one 
participating country to an- 

Annual summits, which 
now involve America, Japan. 
West Germany. France. Brit- 
ain, Italy and Canada - in 
strict order of economic power 
- had as their original purpose 
the need to co-ordinate re- 
sponses to diverse threats to 
the world economy. The 
threats have altered in 11 
years, and so have fashions in 
economic co-operation. For 
seventies-style demand 
management, with images of 
locomotive economies, we 
have substituted exchange-rate 
management and interest-rate 
co-ordination. Strive as they 
may, however — and some 
have striven very hard — the 
leaders of the world economy 
have not managed to avoid all 
necessity to co-operate. 

Time and again, even the 
largest nations have been 
brought up sharp against the 
facts of interdependence in a 
world of fairly free trade and 
ever freer financial flows. The 
checklist of economic issues 
between the summit econo- 
mies. therefore, is as long as 

Some have a ritual ring to 
them. Since 1975. summileers 
have regularly raised their 
standard against protec- 
tionism. Last year's summit 
occasion, in Bonn, was 
clouded by French refusal to 
sign up for the American plan 
to enliven the verbiage of the 
summit communique with a 
firm commitment to launch a 
new round of trade talks under 

the aegis of the General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs and Trade this 
year. Since last summer, how- 
ever, agreement has quietly 
been patched together, and the 
new Gatt round is due to be 
launched in September. It 
remains only for the Tokyo 
summileers to take note of the 
fact which should require little 
prior controversy. 

A more urgent trade issue 
has been created by Japan's 
enormous trade surplus, which 
has already topped $60 billion 
a year and will be rendered 
more visible (if not more 
disturbing to its western part- 
ners) by the falling cost of its 
oil imports. Unsatisfied by the 
Japanese Government's prom- 
ises to stimulate import spend- 
ing, the Americans and British 
in particular have been urging 
still more appreciation of the 
yen, and Japanese manufac- 
turers have been loud in their 
protests. Thus the first serious 
summit question is whether 
those governments which only 
last September signed up for 
co-operative currency manage- 
ment can reconcile their dif- 
ferences. At a time when the 
most important currency of all 
— the American dollar — has 
begun to look vulnerable, har- 
mony among the main official 
players in the currency market 
is an essentia] stabilising in- 

Linked to this disagreement 
is the squabble that has broken 
out between summit govern- 
ments as to the further 
possibilities for cuts in interest 
rates. This, however, reflects 
not only currency concerns but 
also anxiety about the rate of 
world economic growth. Most 
forecasts suggest this will pick 
up slightly, from last year, with 
the assistance of cheaper en- 
ergy. but to a pace which offers 
precious little hope of reducing 
European unemployment or 

floating the third world off the 
rocks of debt. 

In public, the summiteers 
cannot be confidently ex- 
pected to produce more than 
the latest brand of platitude, 
known by the codename 
“SNIG” - signifying the no 
doubt admirable objective of 
stable non-inflationary 
growth. In private, some 
resolution of European and 
American differences on prior- 
ities would be helpful. A 
further test of this summit, 
therefore, will be whether the 
present interrupted sequence 
of interest rate cuts is re- 
started by West Germany as 
an earnest of European intent 
to foster stronger economic 

But the natural preference of 
heads of government for the 
broad political brush to the 
financial quill has widened the 
agenda of the summit year 
after year. Even before the 
disaster at Chernobyl added 
the fate of the world nuclear 
industry to the list of leaders' 
common anxieties, the ten- 
sions that have arisen with 
regard to Libya had elbowed 
economic concerns into sec- 
ond place. 

In retrospect, the need for 
international co-operation to 
enhance the growth prospects 
of these countries, and thus 
reduce the risk of international 
financial crisis or domestic 
social unrest, may perhaps 
seem more important that the 
recent quarrel between allies as 
to the proper way to check the 
terrorist activities of Colonel 
Gaddafi. On the first weekend 
in May, 1986, however, the 
most urgent need is to heal the 
breach between America and 
most of its European allies that 
gaped with the bombing of 
Libya. The prime test of this 
summit will be its success in 
that therapeutic task. 


There are moments in inter- 
nal ional life when the most 
exhausted pollical cliches sud- 
denly acquire an urgent rele- 
vance. Thus John Donne's 
assertion that no man is an 
island, which had previously 
been rendered pale and anae- 
mic by being too often quoted, 
seems an example of vital 
common sense when there is a 
radioactive cloud floating 
about Central and Eastern 

However poor the prospects 
for effective international co- 
operation in matters such as 
arms control or terrorism, 
where some governments may 
nourish the delusion that by 
judicious appeasement they 
can escape the general epi- 
demic. there can be no doubt 
that all governments have an 
interest in avoiding disasters 
like Chernobyl in their own 
country and in those of their 
neighbours. That gives govern- 
ments an interest in cooperat- 
ing with each other and with 
international agencies like the 
International Atomic Energy 

The Soviet Union has this 
identical interest along with 
other countries. Indeed, in- 
sofar as Chernobyl has dem- 
onstrated that Soviet 
standards in nuclear power are 
lower and the risks of disaster 
consequently higher, it has a 
greater interest in such co- 
operation than elsewhere. 

That may be questioned on 
the grounds that the initial 
Soviet response of secrecy and 
incapable self-reliance sug- 
gested no consciousness of 
sucb a common interest But 
the initial response may have 
reflected not a deliberate and 
conscious policy on nuclear 
power as such but the in- 
grained habits of Soviet soci- 
ety. It will not be possible to 
alter Soviet society in general 
to make it conform to a 
sensible policy of international 
cooperation, but plain self- 
interest may persuade the 
Soviet rulers to insulate nu- 
clear energy policy from gen- 
eral Soviet paranoia and open 
its nuclear plants to inter- 
national inspection. 

What makes this more than 
a utopian aspiration is that the 
Soviet Union has been pre- 
pared to participate in those 
international cooperative ven- 
tures. particularly of a scien- 
tific character, where it has 
seen a national advantage in 
doing so. It has played a useful 
role, for instance, in im- 
plementing nuclear non- 
proliferation where, as a 
superpower, it has an interest 
in limiting the membership of 
the nuclear club. It has also 
gone half-way in cooperating 
with the international regula- 
tion of nuclear power by, for 
instance, submitting details of 
its nuclear reactors to the 

Following Chernobyl, it has 
an even greater interest than 
before in such regulatory co- 
operation since Western sci- 
entists are considerably more 
knowledgeable and experi- 
enced in this area. The West 
has an equal interest in learn- 
ing from the disaster in order 
to avoid a repetition. And 
everyone, as President Reagan 
pointed out on the first day, 
has an interest in assisting 
those suffering from radiation 
sickness who may run into 

What is immediately re- 
quired of the Soviet Union is 
that it should admit Western 
scientists and allow them to 
seek the answers to questions 
which, when stripped of their 
awesome technicalities, come 
down to: What happened? 
What were the safety measures 
in place? What are now the 
risks from radiation in the 

Looking ahead, the Soviet 
Union should in future admit 
IAEA officials to inspect safety 
and other standards in Soviet 
nuclear power stations instead 
of claiming the superpower 
exemption, as it has until now, 
of carrying out IAEA inspec- 
tions with its own officials. 
Openness to scientific regula- 
tion of this kind would at least 
begin to remove the stain of 
the Soviet Union's silence 
while a radioactive cloud 
floated towards its neighbours. 


New Zealand and the United 
States would seem to be steer- 
ing towards a political col- 
lision in the South Pacific, 
which they will in lime come 
to regret. While the damage is 
not irreparable, the collision 
itself is avoidable and one of 
them at least should change 

It is fairly clear which one 
this should be. The Labour 
government in Wellington de- 
clined permission for the 
American destroyer Buchanan 
to enter a New Zealand port 
last Summer because of the US 
Navy's refusal to say whether 
or not it was carrying nuclear 
weapons. The Royal Navy 
which also has a policy of 
refusing to answer such ques- 
tions. has avoided a similar 
confrontation on its current 
Far East deployment only by 
leaving New Zealand off the 
list of warship visits. 

So far the anti-nuclear 
stance adopted by the Welling- 
ton government has been a 
matter of party policy. Legisla- 
tion which is due in August, 
however, will enshrine it in the 
country's constitution and 
make it much more difficult to 
reverse. Admiral of the Reel 
Sir John Fieldhouse. Chief of 

the Defence Staff, made 
known his concern in Fel> 
ruary and Lady Young, deputy 
Foreign Secretary, was simi- 
larly unequivocal on visiting 
New Zealand in April. 

This week, however, Wash- 
ington went further by making 
clear that it will end its defence 
commitments to New Zealand 
under the 35-year-old Anzus 
Pact if the legislation goes 
through. The treaty itself will 
remain in being. But to all 
intents and purposes New 
Zealand will be frozen out of it 
— for the lime being anyway. 

This might or might not 
worry 1 the New Zealand prime 
minister Mr. David Lange. He 
has himself described the 
South Pacific as a "pocket of 
tranquil lity". Even if it were 
not so. it is hard to see how its 
allies could stand aside in the 
unlikely event of New Zealand 
being attacked, treaty commit- 
ments or noL 

But the psychological im- 
pact would be considerable. 
New Zealand would be the 
first Western power to become 
disentangled from the web of 
treaties and alliances which 
have enmeshed the First 
Wurld since the post-war 
years. And for what? 

New Zealand can afford the 
luxury of a non-nuclear policy 
because of its abundance of 
alternative energy sources. No- 
one expects New Zealand to 
arm itself with nuclear weap- 
ons and few would complain 
if, like Norway or Denmark, it 
set itself against the stationing 
of nuclear weapons on its 
territory in peacetime. But to 
refuse permission for ships to 
enter its ports because they are 
nuclear-powered or because 
they might be carrying nuclear 
weapons is taking the policy to 
the point of caprice. To elevate 
this anti-nuclear gesture to the 
level of a constitutional prin- 
ciple combines eccentricity 
with self-indulgence. 

There have been murmurs 
about a compromise — one 
perhaps under which allied 
navies could avoid answering 
the crucial question and could 
then enter port on the basis of 
telling a half-truth. Thai may 
not be entirely satisfactory. 
But one must hope that the 
application of American pres- 
sure will persuade Mr Lange 
and his crew that by veering a 
little to starboard they would 
avoid an unnecessary 
confrontation with their 
country's friends. It is no time 
for un-splendid isolation. 


What Labour seeks to achieve 

From Sir Sigmund Sternberg 
Sir. It is not surprising that your 
editorial on Labour’s Freedom 
and Fairness campaign (April 24) 
disagrees with the party's policies. 
It is surprising that your com- 
ments are based on such a 
grotesque caricature of what a 
Labour government would ac- 
tually do. 

You write that “the price” of 
fulfilling Labour's policies “would 
be paid by every citizen's living 
standards". Every citizen? 
Labour's policies would help par- 
ents, pensioners and unemployed 
in direct cash terms — and. in the 
case of the unemployed people, by 
economic polices that would in- 
crease their hopes of finding work. 

In addition, by spending more 
on services such as health and 
education, Labour would improve 
the living standards of many more 
people — using “living standards” 
in its true sense, rather than the 
narrower, meaner concept of dis- 
posable cash income. 

In your following paragraph you 
refer to “Mr Hattersley's intention 
[of] using tax sanctions to enforce 
the repatriation of overseas invest- 
ment and. in addition, to make it 
go where bureaucracy dictates 
rather than where enterprise 

Labour proposes to offer tax 
incentives to financial institutions 
to invest in Britain. Those institu- 
tions that choose to forgo those 
concessions will suffer 
“sanctions” only in the sense that, 
say, a shareholder in ICI faces 
"sanctions” because he or she has 
chosen to invest in an existing 
company rather than one covered 
by the tax concessions of the 
Business Expansion Scheme. My 
memory may be at fault, but I do 
not recall The Times condemning 
BES as a regime of “tax sanctions” 
against 1C1 shareholders. 

Your description of Labour's 
investment policy ignores not only 
what Mr Hattersley has said on the 
subject but also the dear evidence 
of what happened in Britain 
during the -past quarter-century. 
Has “enterprise” — to use your 
word - really been that successful 
at allocating financial reserves? I 
find it strange that you should 
appear to embrace so uncritically a 
system under which manufac- 
turing industry's share fell from 24 
percent to 1 1 percent of total UK. 
investment between 1960 and 

I would propose an alternative 
analysis: that it is precisely be- 
cause of the bureaucratic 
characteristics of our “enterprise” 
institutions that we have wit- 
nessed such a failure to secure 
adequate industrial investment 
Too few banks, pension funds, etc 
are equipped to understand and 
meet the long-term financial 
requirements of a society feeing 
rapid technological change. 

The purpose of Labour's pro- 
posed National Investment Bank 
is to make up for this defidency. 
The NIB will be designed to 
operate dose to the companies it 
will support, both in the geo- 
graphic sense of allowing consid- 
erable regional autonomy and in 
the technological sense of employ- 
ing people with the skills to make 
sensible longterm investment de- 
cisions within each sector. The 
NIB's purpose is to avoid so much 
of the bureaucratic arthritis that 
seems to paralyse so many of our 
supposedly “enterprise” institu- 

Yours faithfully, 

(Deputy Chairman. Labour Fi- 
nance and Industry Group), 

220 Queenstown Road, SWg. 
April 28. 

Men less equal 
than women? 

From Mr D. G. Lindsay 
Sir. IC as Government seems to be 
proposing, women are given the 
right to continue working until the 
same age as men. without State 
pension ages being simultaneously 
equalised, the existing balance of 
disadvantage — women having to 
retire at 60 while men have to wait 
until 65 for pension — will be 
upset. Indeed, women who work 
on after 60 will then have all the 

They will pay no further NI 
contributions and yet will draw an 
increased (due to deferment) State 
pension on retiring, even if before 
65. while their male counterparts 
must continue contributions while 
working, and wail until 65 for 
merely the basic State pension. 
The position under most occupa- 
tional schemes will be the same. 

In the Orwellian farmyard of the 
working 60 to 64s the women will 
be far more equal than the men. 

Government may not be able to 
equalise State pension age at a 
stroke, but it could, fora start, deal 
with the 60 — 64 problem by 
requiring working women in this 
age range to pay the same NI 
contributions as do working men 
and by freezing State pension 
increase due to deferment at its 
then accrued figure. 

It would be a pleasant change to 
see Government acting on its own 
initiative in this matter instead of 
being shamed into action by 
Luxembourg or Strasbourg. 

Yours faithfully, 


36 Orchard Coombe. 

Whitchurch Hill, 



April 25. 

Teachers 9 dispute 

From Mr Roderick Thomson 
Sir. There is a sense — and a 
former senior Civil Servant of the 
distinction of Sir William Pile 
(April 23) must know this — in 
which every conscientious and 
fully aware teacher re-dedicates 
himself or herself daily to pupils 
and to their emotional develop- 
ment and educational progress. Sir 
William's analysis concerns “the 
unions” in general and the NUT 
in particular, but it does not touch 
upon the pith of the individual 
teacher's feelings or on his or her 
economic, social and cultural 

When a profession loses one 
third of its buying power in six 
years the question of pay is bound 
to become obsessional as such a 
reduction goes far beyond a mere 
decline in income; for some it 
means nothing less than a down- 
ward journey on the social scale. 
At that prospect teachers have 
now become obdurate. 

When the national chief of all 
educational activity, the Secretary 
of State for Education and Sci- 
ence, sets out habitually to dis- 
parage almost every aspect of the 
teaching profession in sweeping 
terms, morale tends to sink. 
Demoralization has. in fact set in 
at all points between the play 
group arid the Sheldonian, includ- 
ing the public schools and the 
great grammar schools of the 

On GCSE die main tactic, if one 
can call it that, has been coercion. 
The enormous extra workload for 
teachers, its implications and 
scales of payment are, so far as the 
DES is concerned, to go com- 
pletely undiscussed. 

I believe Sir William Pile is 
wrong to say that the replacement 
of the Secretary of State will not 
make a difference. The loss of 
faith in Sir Keith is now deep and 
widespread. It is quite unlikely 
that things can pick up at all in our 
schools until he has left the DES. 
Only when he has gone will the 
Cabinet be able to plan and 
obtain, in a fresh atmosphere, the 
just and restorative compact be- 
tween the partners in education 
that teachers and parents thirst 

Yours faithfully, 


14 Dove Street, 

Shipley, West Yorkshire. 

From the General Secretary of the 
National' Association . of 
Schoolmasrers/Union of Women 

Sir, Your Education Correspon- 
dent, Lucy Hodges (Spectrum, 
April 25) does an injustice to the 
National Association of 
Sdboolmaslers/Union of Women 
Teachers (NAS/UWT) when she 
asserts that its boycott of GCSE 
preparation is merely a sanction 
on pay. The NAS/UWT has no 
current sanction on pay. . It is 
leading the talks at Acas in the 
hope of securing a peaceful solu- 
tion to the pay problem. 

NAS/UWT sanctions on GCSE 
remain for there is no provision to 
accommodate the enormous addi- 
tional workload that will be 
generated by many factors, prin- 
cipally continuous assessment 
Yours faithfully, 


General Secretary, NAS/UWT, 

22 Upper Brook Street Wl. 

Austria's President 

From Mr George Ivan Smith 
Sir. British national newspapers 
refrain from involvement in the 
elections of another nation. In the 
case of Austria's presidential elec- 
tion an exception has been made, 
correctly I think, to take heed of 
Dr Waldheim's as yet undisclosed 
and uncertain role in the Nazi 
repression in southern Europe. 
The Times (April 4). and now The 
Guardian (April 25). in editorials 
suggest that he should withdraw 
from the election for the sake of 
Austria. I submit that higher 
considerations oblige him to ac- 
cept that advice. 

Thousands of international civil 
servants like myself served under 
him. 1 served under his three 
predecessors, too. There was no 
blemish on their record. In Dr 
Waldheim's case there is doubt 
Unless he chooses to dear the 
record before he achieves his aim 

to be president of his own country 
he leaves the international appa- 
ratus damaged. 

Of all high offices, that of the 
UN Secretary General must be 
seen as having been held by the 
trusted custodian of the principles 
of the UN Charter. Its holder must 
be seen as having upheld those 
principles in every aspen and 
detail of his life. Without that 
individual commitment the al- 
ready frail vessel of international 
organisation which carries the few 
seeds of international order is put 
further at risk and we who served 
it are rendered no service by 
example from the man who led us. 

It is the honour and integrity in 
international service, not just that 
of Austria, that is at stake. 

Yours faithfully, 


Elm Cottage. 

Butterow West, 

Stroud, Gloucestershire. 

Doctors 9 dilemma 

From Dr M. J. L. Hopkins 
Sir. Your leading anide today 
(April 23), “No surgery for the 
surgeries”, realises the dilemma 
the Government is in in trying to 
improve family health care with- 
out being accused of dismantling 
the “still popular NHS." 

At present, general practitioners 
contract with the Government to 
provide care for their patients. 
This includes arranging out of 
hours cover, organising surgery 
premises and providing locums. 

GPs have to achieve fairly large 
lists to maintain income and 

How long, O Lord? 

From Mr Robin Kimber 
Sir. Mr Selman (April 29). 
commenting upon the length of a 
voluntary broadcast from Lich- 
field Cathedral, should thank his 
lucky stars. Liszt's “Ad Nos ad 
Salutarein Undam", in the rep- 
ertoire of both Lichfield organists, 
clocks in at around 30 minutes. 

Is that long enough? 

Yours faithfully. 


Director of Music. 

St James's Church. 

Sussex Gardens. W2. 

although the resulting system of 
primary care is without frills in 
some instances, it is provided at a 
cost that is theenvy of the world. 

As elsewhere, general practice 
has been squeezed — increased 
expectations, reduced pay awards, 
more accountability and the lim- 
ited list of available drugs. .Further 
reform has problems: a voucher 
system will encourage inequality 
of care with migration of GPS to 
areas where the consumer will pay 
more: pavment by results is 
attractive out many GPs feel it is 
unworkable and it will cost 
money: reducing list sizes would 
increase surgery time and make 
the acquisition of new patients 
more attractive to the individual 
GP. It would cost a lot more 

If no more money is available 
Mr Fowler should concentrate his 
resources on areas of need already 
identified and ignored during the 
lengthy preparation of his Green 

Yours faithfully. 



Counfield Road. 


- Plymouth. Devon. 

April 23. 

Abdication memories 

From Mr Lewis Golden 
Sir, In his defence of the Duke and 
Duchess of Windsor your 
correspondent John Grigg (fea- 
ture, April 25) attempts to soften 
the serious mistake' of their 1937 
meeting with Hiller by likening it 
to the appearance of the King and 
Queen on the balcony of Bucking- 
ham Palace with Neville 
Chamberlain when he returned 
from signing the Munich Agree- 
ment in 1938. 

Both were manifestations of the 
spirit of appeasement then 
overwhelmingly prevalent, your 
correspondent writes; but there 
was all the difference in the world 
between the Windsors paying a 
private call on the German Chan- 
cellor, which could do nothing 
except help build his international 
prestige, and the Prime Minister 
being received by the Monarch 
after negotiating with Hitler in an 
attempt to avoid a threatened 
global war. 

Yours faithfully, 


Pallingham Manor Farm, 

Wisbo rough Green, 


West Sussex. 

April 28. 

Libyan students 

From Mr E. Turnbull 
Sir. I cannot gainsay the motiva- 
tions of protecting UK security 
which have induced the Minister 
of Transport and others to decide 
upon expelling various students 
from this country; but I felt an 
instinctive sense of revulsion 
when 1 heard that some of these 
individuals bad been held in 
common prisons pending their 

Presumably not all of them are 
under criminal charges; in some 
cases, at least, therefore this is a 
form of dispute between nations 
in which individuals are increas- 
ingly being caught up. Where 
individuals are being expelled for 
national and not individual crim- 
inal reasons, is it loo much to 
expect that the UK will behave in 
its national traditions of dignity 
and restraint, e.g.. by holding such 
people in military or naval 
establishments under military 
guard, and not treating them as if 
they were common criminals? 

One of the most potent UK 
exports since 1945 has been 
science, technology and education 
— UK-trained “experts” have 
spread a huge influence for good 
will throughout public life abroad. 
How foolish it would be if the 
Government destroyed the world- 
wide advantages of such influence 
by failing to observe minimal 
courtesies in the present sad 

Yours faithfully. 



38 Elsdon Road, 


Tyne & Wear. 

April 26. 

Police uniformity 

From Mr F. J. E. Hurst 
Sir. After watching last night's 
(April 24) fascinating BBC TV 
programme Crime-watch . with its 
variety of police telephone num- 
bers. I am left wondering why it is 
apparently not practicable in most 
cases for the various police head- 
quarters throughout the country to 
have identical telephone numbers. 
Only the dialling codes need be 

The same policy could be 
usefully applied also to other 
major services. 

Does anyone have an objection 
to this? 

’lours faithfully. 



72 BallywiUaii Road. 

co Antrim. 

April 25. 


MAY 2 1945 L 

The facts of Hitler's death are 
more prosaic than those nf 
Dhnits's valedictory hyperbole He 
committed suicide in nis Berlin 
bunker, together with Eva Broun 
whom he had married 24 hours 
previously; their bodies were ~ 

burned. Donitz (1891-1960), who 
ruled the Third Reich for 20 da^-s. ' 
u'as tried as a war criminal and 
sentenced to W years' 
imprisonment in Spandau jaiL 




The first indication of the death 
of Hitler was given at 9.30 - 
p.m.when Hamburg radio an- r _ 
nounced that “a grave and impor- 
tant announcement to the German 
people will be made shortly". From 
then until the announcement sol- ’ 
emn music of Wagner and the slow 
movement of Bruckner’s 7th Sym- 
phony was played. Then the an- - 
nouncer said:- 

“It is reported from the Flihrer’s - 
headquarters that our Fiihrer, . 
Adolf Hitler, has fallen this after- 
noon at his command post in the 
Reich Chancery fighting to the last - 
breath against Bolshevism and for 

“On April 30 the Fiihrer ap- . 
pointed Grand Admiral Dfinitz as 
his successor. Our new Fiihrer will 
speak to the German people.” 

In his radio talk to the German = 
people Donitz said:- 

" German men and women sol- * 
diers of the German Wehrmacht 1 . 
Our Fiihrer, Adolf Hitler, has r 
fallen. The German people bow in . 
deepest mourning and veneration. - 

“He recognized beforehand the 
terrible danger of Bolshevism and 
devoted his life to fighting it. At 
the end of this, his battle, and his 
unswerving straight path of life, 
stands his death as a hero in the 
capital of the Reich. Ail his life 
meant service to the German 
people. His battle against the 
Bolshevist flood benefited not only 
Europe but the whole world. 


“The Fiihrer has appointed me 
as his successor. Fully conscious of 
the responsibility. I take over the 
leadership of the German people at 
this fatefril hour. It is my first task ' 
La save the German people from 
destruction by the Bolshevists and 
it is only to achieve this that the ■ 
fight continues. 

“As long as the British and 
Americans hamper us from reach- 
ing this end 'we shall fight and - 
defend ourselves against them as ; 
welL The British and Americans 
do not fight for the interests of 
their own people, but for the 
spreading of Bolshevism. 

“What the German people have 
achieved and suffered is unique in 
history. In the coming times of 
distress of our people I shall do my : 
utmost to make life bearable for 
our brave women, men, and 

“To achieve all this I need your 
help. Trust me; keep order and 
discipline in towns and the coun- 
tryside. Everybody do his duty. 
Only thus shall we be able to 
alleviate the sufferings which the 
future will bring to each of us and 
avoid collapse. If we do all that is in 
our power to do. the Lord will not 
abandon us.” 


An order of the day by Admiral 
Donitz as “supreme Commander of , 
the Wehrmacht '* was then read, it 

German Wehrmacht — my com- 
rades. The Fiihrer has fallen. He , 
fell faithful to his great idea to save - 
the peoples of Europe from Bolshe- . 
vism. He staked his life and died 
the death of a hero. With his 
passing one of the greatest heroes 
of German history has passed ! 

In proud reverence and sorrow 
we lower our flags before him. The 
Fiihrer has appointed me his 
successor as head of the State and 
supreme commander of the Ger- 
man Wehrmacht. I assume su- ' 
preme command of all units of the 
German Wehrmacht with the de- 
termination to continue the strug- 
gle against Bolshevism until the 
fighting troops and the hundreds of 
thousands of families of the Ger- 
man eastern territories are rescued 
from enslavement or 

Against the British and Ameri- 
cans 1 shall continue the struggle so 
far and so long as they hinder me in 
carrying out the fight against 

A lawyer’s worth 

From Mr Ansel Harris 
Sir, Is not Bruno Marmorstein 
(April 22) failing to see the 
difference between traditional and 
antiquated reward differentials 
and the vital role of current 
market forces to determine salary 
and wage rates? 

His letter puts me in mind of the 
experience of a friend of mine, a 
GP, in Israel last year. He called a 
plumber to dear a drain (It took 
15 minutes). The total charge, 
indudira call-out, was $60 (At the 
time of high inflation. Israelis 
thought ana talked in dollar 

My friend remonstrated. He 
was a GP. He could not afford 
such charges: they were higher 
than he could command when he 
was called ouL 

The plumber agreed. When he 
was a GP. he saidL his experience, 
had been the same. 

Quantum meruit. 

Yours faithfully. 


M. B. A. Partners, 

23. Ferncroft Avenue, NW3. 

April 27. 







' May I: The Duke of Edinburgh. 

- Colonel-in-Chicf. The Queen's 
Royal Insh Hussars, this morn- 
ing attended the Laying Up 

-Ceremony of the Old Guidon of 
. The Queen's Royal Irish Hus- 
sars at Windsor Castle. 

The Colonel of the Regiment 
(Lieutenant-General Sir Brian 

- Kenny) and the Commanding 
Officer (Lieutenant-Colonel S. 
Daniel!) were present. 

. Major the Hon Andrew 
Wigram was in attendance. 

The Prince Andrew, President 
of the Royal Aero Club, this 
■evening presented the 1986 
.Annual Awards at the Royal Air 
-Force Museum. Hendon. 

His Royal Highness was re- 
. ceived by’ the Director of the 
Museum (Dr John Tanner) and 
ihe Chairman of the Club (Mr 
Beverley Snook). 

Wing Commander Adam 
.Wise was in attendance. 

- The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips. Immediate Past Master 
of the Worshipful Company of 
Farriers, this afternoon attended 
a meeting of the Adjudicators of 
the Further Education Awards 
for 1986 at the Royal College of 
Veterinary Surgeons. Belgrave 

.Square. SW I . 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Master of the 



Mr CJ.P. E*eleigb 

-and the Hoa Victoria Butler 

The engagement is announced 

■ between Christopher, eldest son 
of Mrand Mrs John Eveleigh. of 
Cnoydc. North Devon, and Vic- 
toria. youngest daughter of Lord 
and Lady Dunboyne, of Chel- 
sea. London. 

Mr A.R. Alston 
.'and Mrs J. Wilson 
The marriage has been arranged 
between Rex Alston, of 
Elmbndge. Cranleigb. and Joan 
Wilson, widow of Dr T.C.A. 
Wilson, of EwhursL Surrey. 

Mr A.G.H. Batrd 
and Miss N.C. Backhouse 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew, younger son 
of Mrand Mrs D.B.H. Baird, of 
Coleman's Hatch. Sussex, and 
Nicoia Clare, only daughter of 
Mr J.R. Backhouse. OBE, and 
Mrs Backhouse, of 
Crowbo rough. Sussex. 

Mr FJK. Bayes 
and Miss R.C. Hamsson 
The engagement is announced 
“between Alan, son of Mr and 
■Mrs F. Bayes, of Penllergacr. 
Swansea, and Rachel, daughter 
of Mr and Mrs L.E. Harrisson. 

■ of Richmond. North Yorkshire. 
Mr C-P.M. Brown 

and Miss A.F. Warren 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, only son 
.of Mr and Mrs J.M. Brawn, of 
-Chevington, Suffolk, and An- 
,'drea. younger daughter of Mr 
-and Mrs B.C.H. Warren, of 
'Stratford-sub-Casile. Salisbury. 

.Dr SJ.C, Bryan 
and Miss LJ.C. Willson 
'The engagement is announced 
• between Stephen, only son of 
.Mr and Mrs PJ. Bryan, of 
Rempstone, Leicestershire, and 
Louisa, elder daughter of Mr 
:A.R. Willson, of Kilmeston. 
-Hampshire, and Mis C.E.P. 

. Carter, of London. SW l. 

Mr P.D. Case 
' and Miss J.A. Danes 
The engagement is announced 
; between Philip, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs H.D. Case, of Skcr 
.Court. Ponhcawl. Mid-Glamor- 
'gan. and Jayne, youngest daugh- 
ter of Mr and M'rs D. Davies, of 
2 De Breos Drive. Ponhcawl, 

- Mid-Glamorgan. 

Mr R.A.B. Chance 
and Miss J.E. Holder 

-The engagement is announced 
between Rupert, only son of Mr 
A.F.S. Chance, of Caldbeck. 

- Cumbria, and of Mrs V.C. Owen 
; Hughes, of Chester, and Jane, 
'.only daughter of Mr and Mrs 

- R J. Holder, of Cambridge. 

£4 a Em + !S% VAT 

(fnimmum J lines) 

Annrrnnccnis. auibcnucaied b\ ihr 
UW and pcmtanml address of Ihe 
sender, nu) he sent lo 

PO BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
London El 

tw telephoned lh> idephonc subs- 
ohert oolsl 01481 3824 

Anthiunccsncms can hr received by 
lekrphonc beinevn Q.imam and 
5 JUpm Monday to Fndav mi Saiur- 
da> hctocea Him and I’ noon. 
(81481 4000 ObW For publicaiion ihe 
toUcHung da> phone b> 1.30pm. 


err on i <mn and Social Paw rs a Am 

I'ourr and Social Page 
animuncrmcius can nm be arenxed 
h) u-h-phonc Enquiries in 81-822 
9953 lahrr in iltanii. nr send lo 1, 
Pto wg l a n StTML IMn £1. 

M* t»o»ri i*. Iran) O Cnl. my 
hrrtii in intro I will mtn and 
w» pranr 

Pvalm 57 7 


A DRWW SMITH - On 2 nh April 1986. 
al hjoer. CoUrge Hospiial. London, lo 
. Christine and Brian, a son Edward 
. Christopher. 

•ALLEN - on April ism lo Lesley nice 

- Finoru and Jonn a daughter Rebecca 

■EATON on 27th April to Avert me* 
Black adder) and Andrew, a daugn- 
ler. Lydia Jean, a sister lor 
. Ch ristopher 

BIRCH - On April 30th at Queen 
Charlotte's Hospital, lo Elizabeth 
inee Allen) and Philip, a daugnler 

- i Joanna Elizabeth) a sister for Ctins- 
loptMT and Jamie 

EHWMOSON on 30Ui April at Si. Al- 
bam Hospital lo Wendy rnee Hamsi 
and Stephen, a son. Alexander 

' FAWKE on 23rd April lo Amanda mee 
Roetoei and Richard a oauonier. 
Aim;, a -aster (or Annette ana Oln-er 

FROOMBCR6 - On 16lh Anrlt. In 
Claire I per Varievi and .Umes. a 
dm tamer Amv Louise, a srsier lor 

HANKER On April Mlh lo Sarah -nee 
Brnepi and Andrew, a daugnw. a 
srtrr lor Paul Room 

Worship Company (Mr A.B. 

May I: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother was present this 
evening at a Reception given by 
the National Council ofwomcn 
of Great Britain to mark Ihe 
twenty-fourth Plenary Con- 
ference of the International 
Council of Women at St James's 

Lady Angela Oswald and Sir 
Marlin Gilliat were in 

May I: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon this after- 
noon laid a Plaque in Bond 
Si reel to mark the Quater- 
centenary of the City of West- 
minster and the Tercentenary of 
Bond Street. 

The Hon Mrs Wills was in 

May I: The Duchess of Glouces- 
ter this morning visited the 
Burns Cottage and opened the 
Museum at Alloway. and later 
visited the Ayrshire Agricultural 
Show at the Racecourse. Ayr. 

Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 

Mrs Howard Page was in 

May I: The Duke and Duchess 
of Kent this evening dined with 
the Court of the Cloihworkers 

Lieutenant B.H.G. Falk, RN. 
and Miss K.L. Mercer 
The engagement is announced 
between Benedict, eidesi son of 
Mr and Mrs B.G. Falk, of 
Bres&ingham. Norfolk, and 
Katherine, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R.C.H. Mercer, of Clee 
St Margaret. Shropshire. 

Mr C J- Galleymore 
and Miss R-E. George 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher John, son 
of Mr and Mrs Harry R. 
Galleymore. of Bathford. Avon, 
and Rosemary Elizabeth, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Leon- 
ard E. George, of MidhursL 

Mr M.L Huxley 
and Miss D. Burley 
The engagement is announced 
between Mark, youngest son of 
Mr and Mrs J.L. Huxley, and 
Denise, daughter of Mr and Mrs 
D. Burley, both of Halesowen. 
West Midlands. 

Mr I. Lewis 
and Miss R.V. Larkin 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. elder son of Mr 
and Mrs EA. Lewis, of Christ- 
church. Dorset, and Rosemary, 
only daughter of Mr and Mrs 
MJ. Larkin, of Kirkland 
Frizington, Cumbria. 

Mr J. McCabe 
and Miss P.M& Ross 
The engagement is announced 
between John, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs David McCabe, of 
Wes '.marsh. Kent, and Philippa, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
A J F. Ross, of Durban. South 

Mr D.C. MacDonald 
and Miss S. Finney 
The engagement is announced 
between Diarmuid youngest 
son of Mr and Mrs Charles 
MacDonald, of Crispins 
Fawkham. Kent, and Sian, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs John 
Finney, of Carlton Croft. Ilkley, 

Mr A.B. McGregor 
and Miss F.M.D. Ross 
The engagement is announced 
between Andrew Buchanan, el- 
dest son of Mr and Mrs A.J. 
McGregor, of Arden. 
Merchision Park. Edinburgh, 
and Fiona Margaret Dallas, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs I.R.D. Ross, of The Stone 
House, Hovingham. York. 

Mr R. Maymon 
and Miss CJE. Hale 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Anthony Maymon. 
of Sutton. Surrey, and Oaire 
Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs John E Hale, of 
Reigate, Surrey. 

HUDSON • On 29th of April. 10 Jane 
intv Goodin I and Edward, a daogh- 
ler Re<w*eca Popov, a soier lor 
Rachel and Benjamin. 

MACLEAN . On April U»e 29th a< 
ShrxvwUs. WaUnra. lo Luanda (nee 
ContHisiml and Tnstram. a aauqti- 
ler. Alex andra. 

MCNZIES - Ofl Aunt 291b alBMH. 
Riniein. to Lvnn inee Mason) and 
A ngus, a son. James Kingsley 

MORTON On 3mh April, lo Deborah, 
wife of Jonathan, a daughter. Alex- 
andra. a wsier tor Peier 

OTLVNN - On April 30th 1986 at 
CuyS Hospital. io Clare <nee Mr 
Guinness) and Richard, a daughter. 
Lucy Pablaa. 

OLDHAM on 28th April 1986. 4.16am 
al SI Marv's Hospital. Paddington to 
Virginia inee Russell) and Gavin, a 
daughter: a Aster lor Kathryn. Faye 
and Marianne. 

OHMEKOD-on 28 April 1986 lo Fiona 
inee Campbell-Brown) and Ian a 
daughter Elizabeth, a aster for 

RAJARATNAM - On April 2ath tn 
baroia inee Ganesharatnam) and 
Mohan, a son. Venugopai Siram 

RIGBY - on 25th April 1986. « 
SomerieM) Court. Dorchester, lo So- 
w mee Wngtit) and Smon. a son. 
Frederick Edward William. 

ROWE - On 1*1 or May al St Thomas'* 
Hnswial. lo Caroline inee Chancel 
a nd Th omas, a daughter Selma. 

SOUTHWELL. - on 29th April, at 
Queen Charlotte's Hospital, to Judy 
ineeBnwnaqeiand Richard, a daugh- 
ter. Camilla, wter for Louse. 
Nicholas and Henry. 

WRITE - On April 2Sth 1986. lo Fran 
cesca inee Powell) and Colin, a son 
Jeremv James, a brother lor 
Samantha and Alexandra 

YOUNG - on Apra 26th lo D e milune 
■ nee Berthoni and Robert, a da ugh 
ler. Katharine Fleur. 


ARNOLD - On April 30 1986 peaceful 
1)' at her home Hale Gottage 
Palnswick GkBL Joyce aged 90 year* 
i ery dear sister of Betty and Ann and 
or the late Christine loved by all fam- 
ily and friends Funeral Service 
ll .SOam on Wednesday May 7 al 
Palnswick Parish Church followed 
by Cremation at Cheltenham. Family 
(Towen onty by request bu( If de- 
sired donations m lieu may be made . 
to. The Royal National Institute For 
The Blind, r o Burdock & Son Fu- 
neral Directors. New SL PamswicJc 

BY AM SHAW - Qgn CSE. D Ul.. on 
Aon! 29m. at Gormg-on Thame*, 
former Director snaKesnear Memon 
al Th cairn. Production Director 
English National Oorra Company 
Sets we al Si Mary's Church Saner 
seg Churrh Road. Wednesday Mav 
7m. at 2 16 pm, lotipweH nv mnu 
lion at Putney Vale Flowers to 
Lot egrove funeral Directors. Iia 
Oxford Road. Reading. 

Company at Cloih workers" 

Hall. London EC3. 

Captain Michael Campbell- 
La merlon and Mrs Peter 
WjImol-iSitwelJ were in atten- 

May 1: Princess Alexandra. 
President of the Royal Agri- 
cultural Society of England, 
attended President's Day which 
was held al the Royal Botanic 
Gardens. Kcw. 

Lady Mary Fitzalan-Howard 
was in attendance. 

Her Royal Highness. Colonel- 
in-Chief of the I7th/2lsi Lanc- 
ers. later received Brigadier J.W. , 
Turner. Colonel of the Regi- 
ment. and Lieutenant-Colonel 
WJ. HuxrelL Commanding 

The Queen and the Duke of 
Edinburgh will attend a service 
of intercession and thanksgiving 
for British Industry and Com- 
merce in St Paul's Cathedral on 
May 7. 

The President of the Republic ot 
Ireland is 6J today. 

A memorial service for Mr Jeny 
Carroll will be held at St Paul's. 
Covent Garden, at noon today. 

A memorial service, to 
commemorate the life and work 
of Professor Christopher Lloyd, 
will be held in the Chapel of the 
Royal Naval College, Green- 
wich. on Friday, May 30. at 3 

Mr C-A- Merchant 
and Miss F.C. Hamilton 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, younger son ol 
Major and Mrs R.A. Merchant, 
of York House. Deal. Kent, and 
Fiona, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs A. Hamilton, of 14 Hillpark 
Road. Edinburgh. 

Mr I.R. Oliver 
and Miss J J. Wright 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian. son of Mr and Mrs 
R.T. Oliver, and Joanna Jane, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs PJ. 
Wright of Snowshill. 

Mr J.P. Reynolds 
and Miss EC- Brittain 
The engagement is announced 
between John, son of the late Mr 
A.G. Reynolds and or Mrs D. 
Reynolds, of Kenley. Surrey, 
and Elizabeth, only daughter of 
Mrand Mrs C. Brittain. ofGreat 
Cheslerford. Essex. 

Dr D.L. Russell-Jones 
and Miss S.P. Beggs 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son ol 
Mrs Peggy Russell-Joncs and 
the late Lieutenant-Colonel Pe- 
ter Russell-Jones. RE of Hill 
Court. Rochester. Kent, and 
Susan, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Michael Beggs. ol 
Sloneydown. Dorking, Surrey. 

Mr R.G.B. Sainsbury 
and Miss S J. Wisden 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert, second son ol 
Dr and Mrs D.W.B. Sainsbury. 
of The Chantries, Leys Road. 
Cambridge, and Jayne, eldest 
daughter of Mrs EA. Dickson, 
of 1 Cranmer Avenue. North 
Wootton. King’s Lynn. 


Mr S. J. Marsh-Smith 
and Miss J. Reid 
A service of blessing was held 
yesterday at the home of the 
bride after the marriage of Mr 
Stephen Marsh-Smith, only son 
of Mr and Mrs David Marsh- 
Smith. of Anglesey, and Miss 
Jennifer Reid, second daughter 
ofSir Alexander and Lady Reid, 
of Hertfordshire. The Rev Ian 
Watson officiated. 

Mr A.C. Stewart 
mid Miss K.L Domvile 
The marriage took place on 
Thursday. April 24. at St Paul’s. 
Knighisbndgc. of Mr Alexander 
Christie Stewart, eldest son of 
Mrand Mrs Robert Stewart, and 
Miss Katherine Domvile. elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs Denys 
Domvile. The Rev A.C.C. 
Courtauld officiated. 

The bride was attended by 
Francesca Cumani. Michael 
Mars ham. and Charles Stagg. 
Mr Alexander Dot bey was best 

BAL LANCE • Suddenly on 27Ri April. 
Geotw- aged 30. son or Tony and the 
lat? EbzabcUt retake) and stepson of 

BARRY Mlrtuel Uamlllrm O B E on 
29tt> April peanrfuHy at Home rn Bu 
liuiyo. Zimbabwe 

BLOCKLEY on 30th April 1986. 
peacefully at twr home. Mrs Janrt 
Mary Biorkiev. aoed 88 years of SL 
Just. AO ChnsUne <Ue. Wellington. 
Tettort. widow of Arthur Richard- 
son Block) ev ex Chairman of 
Block lev's Funeral service at 2 30 
. pm Wednesday. 7Ui May at All 
Samis Pansn Church. Wellington fol 
lowed hy cremation at Shrewsbury. 
Flowers from Dig family only. Dona- 
tions to the British Heart Foundation. 
Donations and enauiries please lo 
Harry Edwards & Son. I Hign SL 
Wellington. Tel. Telford 449A9 

B0R8ELU • on Apnl 30th. peacefully i 
al home alter a long illness coura- 
geouMy endured. Andrew, much 
laced husband of Marqar*. devoted 
father of Michael, juua and Cecilia. 
Regutem Mam ai SL Hugh's Roman 
Catholic Church. Welch Way. 
Witney, al 11 am. Wednesday 7Ui 
May-. Private cremation at later dale. 
Family Dowers only, donations d de- 
sired. lo The Association of Carers. 
Medwav Homes. Balfour Road. 
Rochester. Kent ME* 6QL 

CALDER On 28m April 1986 al Ar- 
thur Rank House. Gunnntiqe. Dons 
Evelyn Colder inee msm of 19 
wmrninore Drne. Trumpingion. 
Camonoge, In her 80th year Widow 
in irte Reverend Arrtntuid Calder 
DSD formerly viear ol Mndburv. fa 
Mare'v Exejer and Barnstaple. D-v 
on and or FeHham. Middlesex: and 
much loved mother of Eve El*pein. 
Jean and Douglas Funenu sw*tvicp at 
•J nimpingran Parish Church. Cam- 
bridge at 2 00 pm on Tuesday olh 
Mav. All flower* Please In AF 
Towreend. Funeral Ouertor. IB 
High SI. Creal Shelton!. Camondae 
CB2 SEH Other enquiries lo Douglas 
Calder. Byron s Lodge Granirrwsnr. 
Cambridge. CBJ 9NF Tel *0223) 
ear 003 

CHRISTIE on 27th Apnl 1986 
Frederick Crawford lEncj « Gann 
baf. Glyndvfrdwy. suddenly al the 
Maelor hospital, less man 3 weeks 
alter ihe death of his beioved wdr. 
Audrey Much (died father of Juov 
A David Service and huermeni ai St 
Thomas's Church. Glynns irdwy on 
Tuesday 6ih May al 2 V) £> m. Flow 
mC O L'Ddwiaker. H B Davies. 
Fromwvd. Gtynoyirdwy Goraen. 

tfOYLY Cnmnunder S' kihn 
Rurliinrl PN BT F-e.aetiillv on ?Min - 
April rtOrt 80 ai HavLuVI Nursing 
Mum*- BrinhlrMi f'up—r^l S*-|i irr a* 
The IPiwirv l.rmuionum wrgry-. 
rt.iv 7tti Mhv at iNnmi Enumne* anil 
rvt-vrr-. in wm Btkk a m 29 rm 
lew P*arr BnqhKni rn 0273 
cx-lSOI S 

Director of ‘Mary Poppins’ 

Seven candidates have been Dominated for the 
office of General by the High CotrncQ of the 
Salvation Army, now meeting “in conclave” at 
Sonbory-on-Thames (Oor Religions Affairs 
Correspondent writes). The winner of the 
election, which is expected to last several more 
days, will succeed General Karl Wahlstrfrn as 
international leader of the Army.They are 
(back row, from left). Colonel Wesley Harris, 
Territorial Commander. Scotland: Commis- 
sioner Andrew Miller, Territorial Comander. 
USA Southern: Commissioner Harry Read, 

Territorial Commander, Australian Eastern; 
(front) Commissioner William Cairns (seated). 
International Secretary for Sonth Pacific and 
East Asia; Commissioner Eva Burrows. Terri- 
torial Commander. Australia Southern; Com- 
missioner Mannam Samuel, Territorial 
Commander, India Northern; and Commis- 
sioner - Franry Cachelin, British 
Cnmmissioner.There has been a woman 
General before - General Evangeline Booth - 
bat no Aslan. The president of the High 
Council is Commissiotter Norman Marshall. 

Birthdays today I Receptions 

Air Chief Marshal Sir John 
Barradough. 68: Sir Hugh 
Conazzi. 62; Brigadier F. C. 
Curtis. 88: Rear-Admiral Sir 
John Fleming: 82; Mr Alastair 
Forbes. 68; Mr Peter Foster. 67; 
Sir Campbell Fraser. 63; Briga- 
dier E.L.G. Griffith-Williams. 
92: Mr Henry Hall. 88: Sir 
James Hamilton. 63; Colonel 
Sir Denys Hides. 78; Professor 
R. W. K. Honey combe. 65; Mr 
Clive Jenkins. 60; Mr Michael 
Kaser. 6Ch Mr Malcolm Lipkin. 
54; Admiral Sir Geoffrey Miles, 
96; the Duke of Montrose. 79; 
Mr John Neville. 61; Air Mar- 
shal Sir Ian Redder. 60: Mr 
Satyajit Ray. 65: Sir Ronald 
Sindair. 83: Dame Nancy 

Snagge. 80: Dr Benjamin Spock. 
83. 5ir Frederick A. Warner, 68; 
Mr Jimmy White, 24; Lord 
Justice Woolf, S3. 


Jim Gardner, aged 54. until 
recently chief executive of Tyne 
and Wear County Council, to be 
chairman of the Prince's Trust 
from August I in succession to 
Mr George Pratt 
Mr M.F. Daly, aged 55. Ambas- 
sador-designate to Costa Rica, 
to be concurrently Ambassador 
(non-resident) to Nicaragua in 
succession to Mr P.W. 
Summcrscale. who will be tak- 
ing up a further Diplomatic , 
Service post. 

Dr John Richard Forrest, aged 
42, professor of electronic en- 
gineering at University College 
London, to be director of en- 
gineering for the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority from 
August in succession to Mr Tom 

Mr Christopher Cbope. MP for 
Southampton, lichen, to be 
parliamentary private secretary 
to Mr Peter Brooke. Minister of 
State at the Treasury. 

Mr Elliott Bernerd to be chair- 
man of the council of the 
London Philharmonic. 

Benjamin Hamilton, aged 13. 
grandson of Lord Hamilton of 
Dalzdl. a former Lord-in-Wah- 
ing. to be a page of honour to the 
Queen in succession to the Hon 
Roben Cecil, who at I6'4 has 
reached the compulsory retiring 
age for the post 


Mr Patrick Hainan to be a 
circuit judge on the South- 
eastern circuit. 

Judge Dyer to be a member of 
die Judicial Studies Board and 
its criminal committee from 
May 6 in succession to Judge 
Herrod. QC. - 

Judges retire 

Judge Granville Wingate. QC, 
and Judge Streeter have retired 
from the circuit bench on the 
South-Eastern circuit 

International Council of Women 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother was present at a recep- 
tion held al St James's Palace 
yesterday for representatives of 
the International Council ot 
Women. Dame Miriam Dell 
and Dr Soak Ja Hong attended 
and Mrs Mary Mayne. President 
of the National Council ol 
Women of Great Britain was the 

Hunting Group of Companies 
Mr Clive Hunting. Chairman ot 
the Hunting Group, held a 
reception yesterday at the Mall 
Galleries, London, during which 
the presentations of the group's 
National Art Prizes for 1986 
were made by Mr Richard Luce. 
MP. Minister for the Arts. The 
joint first prize winners were Mr 
Anthony Green and Mr An- 
thony W hi shaw. nine other 
artists were also awarded prizes. 


Butchers’ Company 
The High Commissioner for 
New Zealand wss among the 
speakers a! a luncheon held al 
Butchers' Halt yesterday. Mr 
David E Franks. Master of the 
Butchers’ Company, presided 
and Mr Norman C. Pouluiey. 
Renter Assistant, also spoke. 


Castaways Gob 
Lieutenant A. A. Browne pre- 
sided at a dinner of the Cast- 
aways Club held last night at the 
Naval and Military Club. 
Among those present were 

Admiral of me Fim Sir Henry Leocti 
and Admirals Sir william Siavetey. 
Sir Rirlvard Flirt). Sir Peier Stanford. 
Sir David HaiUfax. Sr Desmond 
DreyeT. Sir Andrew Lewis. Sir Rae 
McKam. Sir Raymond Lmo. .Str 
James Eberle. and Sir Desmond- - 

Lingard Gab 

Captain John Rumble, RN. 
Direcior-Genetal of the Royal 
Over-Seas League, was enter- 
tained at dinner last night at 
Over-Seas House by the Lingard 
Club. Mr Michael Me Dade 

HUGS** uoraon. April 29*ft 1986 
peacefully after a snort Illness on 
Trefenai. Mma Bodge. Anglesey. 
Loving husband, father and grandfa 
I her Funeral venire al Si Mary's 
Church Mena! Bridge. Saturday 
Mai* 3rd al 10 4&am followed OV pri- 
vate service ai Banoor Crematorium. 
No flowers but donations gratefully 
rereived to Druid Hospital League of 
Friends. LLanoefnl per Ihe Barclay* 
Bank. Men* Bndw- Enquiries to 
Thomas Rooms & Co. Tel. Menai 
Bridge 0248 712478. 

LONGSTAFF on 28Ui April. 1986 
peacefully. forU fieri by the riles or 
Hour Church John L Longstaff 
K C HS., honorary Canon ol me 
Westminster Metropolitan 

Catherdral Chapter. Formally Parish 
Pnest of SI . Mary's Church. Cadoqan 
5*. R»g utem Mass al W«imiiK«r Ca- 
thedral on Wednesday 7ih May dll 
a m ‘Reauiesrai in Pace.' 

MALDCN-On April 29th 1986 Phyllis 
Maiom SR N SC M.. St Thomas's. 
London, age d 96 years, peacefully at 
Langrton House. Camandg e Funeral 
service. Tuesdav &h ol Mav ai Cam- 
bridge Crematorium at awn Floral 
tributes mav be sent lo the Coooera- 
use Funeral Service. 34 James SL 

PETERS - Dickie, on aprtl 28th 1986. 
Jonn Nell of Brussels. Beloved Hus- 
band m Jacqueline Harmegmes. 
dearly invert lamer of -Jonn. Helen 
and Edward, devoied son of Tina Fe- 
IrrsDM-Jue. Funeral service will be 
held af the Proiesiant Church. 26A 
Rue Beeckman. Brussels, on Friday 
2nd Mav al 12.46 p m No Bowel 

SEWELL On '*"Vnc*rHy 30ffi April, 
peaceurtlv m hospital. Leslie W after. 
86 year*. Mamr Royal Army Educa 
Ilona I Oirp* •Retired) Hatband to 
Louie and lather lo Andrew Private 
Funeral Donations if desired to: Ex - 
Servires Mental WellareSonecv. C O 
toEA. Sewell. 67 Roxrlh Hill. Har 
row -on -ine Hill. Middlesex HA2 OJL 

THOMPSON On Aon! 26 1986 sud 
ovnly but peacefully al home in 
Cmnofl. Surrey. Hilda Edilh inee 
Bnsrowi tne beloved wife of 
E H Tho mpson and mouwr of Nicho- 
las and Marrm The Funeral Service 
will be held in Si Andrews Church 
Oxshor on Fnday May 9 at 2 30om. 
followed by private cremation Fam- 
ily flowers only, but donations if 
desired to The Fnenas of SI T" nomas' 
Hospital c o James and Thomas Lid. 

Mill Bd. Cob ham KT1 1 


ADAMS - A Smin* of Tlurksmine 
Inr Ihe Hie and WOTh Of CLIFFORD 
EDWIN ADAMS will br held al SI 
Maojarrt LtPnnurv. EC? Monday 
May 1? al 13 nnon. 

LANE - a sen irr of Tfunkatpiing lor 
Ihe li'e of Eveline >.m Lane will hr 
neid al Hit Gamsnn Church at SI. 
Geuror. Bu lined Camp (war 

Amesoury Wills on Fnaev ?Vrt 
Mas ai 2 39 pm 

SMTTH - Reqote Mav 3rd I98&- Cart 
In have sal under Thunder awl rain 
wilh mu'. Lme always Diana 

Latest wills 

Mr William Lancelot Dawes, of 
Pluckley. Kern, former chair- 
man of Dawes and Henderson, 
underwriting agents, an amateur 
lockey before ihe Iasi war who 
also sailed for Britain in ihe 
1960 Olympics, left estate val- 
ued at £540.441 neL 
Mr Cecil William Sheppard, of 
Brighton, chartered ssurveyor, 
left £627,936 net. 

Mr Edward Pan nett West of 
Reigate, Surrey, left £511,790 1 
net. He left bequests of effects . 
and a number of personal 
legacies, and the residue to the 
Pilgrim Band Trust. 

Osborn. Mrs Phyllis Mary, of j 

Denbigh £581928 j 

W el lings. Mr Kenneth William, 
of Blakedown, Worcester- 
shire £320.599 

Church news 


The R*V RV Alton, vicar. Si StoDtwn 
*nd SI Michael. BnwU) wick, diocese of 
Birmingham, lo be Vicar. SI 
Leonard's. Mamon Gram, same 

The Rev B Baker, licensed lo 
official#, dtor-es* of cwdieuer. lo be 
Rerior. Beckingion. wuh 
Slanderwlck. Berkley. Redden. 
Lulllrvjlon with Orrtiardletgh. dtoces# 
of Bain and Wrtfe 
The n n RD Baker#, part 41m# 
assistant miesf St David's. Ewler and 
Ex wick, diocese of Exeter, lo be prtoal 
idcIuiw. Chew Magna wtth Dundry. 
diocese of Bath and Wrtb. 

The RevMO nackman. Rector. SI 
Panicle's. ChrWI Church. Barbados, lo. 
be Team Vicar. EM Ham. tn Charge 
of Sf Mary M ag dal e ne, diocese of 

Tne Rev C Brice, curate. Si 
Lawrence's. North Mfnkscy. wiui Si 
Retor and Si Paul. Botiey. and 

Chaplain to NulfWd Col too#. Oxford, 
diocese Of Oxford, lo be Vicar. SI 
Mjcnart and All Anoets. London 
FleMs. with SI Paul's. Hagpcrvlnn. 
diocese of London 
The Rev R Burgess. curbTe. SI 
Andrew's, wutevdm Green. dlora»eaf 
London, to be curate. Si Retort. 
Ealing, same dncoe 

The Pev BE Close. Vicar. 

A iron burs, and Rector Burtwonh. 
dwrew Of Ely. to be Chaplain. Reeds 
School. Cobham. diocry of Guiidfora 
The Rev Dennrs E Croc*, vicar. SI 
John's. Arcnnqiot). and Rural Dean of 
Accrington, dlmy Of Blackburn, lo 

be also prtoKt in-cnerqc. Huncnaf 
ume diocese. 

The Rev VA Davies, prtesl In 
charge. SI John's. Walworth, diocese 
of Southwark, to De Wear, same 
parish, same rtlocrae 
Canon D Fravne. Vicar. S* Ma™ 
RostrUffe wtth Tempto. RrMfof. amt St 
lobn Ihe Baplisl. Beomiinler di o cese 
of Bnum jnrl an honorary canon 
emeritus of Southwark Cathedral, to 
he also Rural Dean of BedmmHer. 
dlnrew of BrMnl. .. _ 

The Rev N Godwin. Vicar. Si 
Michael and All Angel*, wilh SI 
James. Croydon, diovese of South, 
wark. In De also Rural Dean of 

Croydon Central, same rtmeew. 

The Rev pi Harm, curaie. The 
Quinton, diocese of Birmingham, lo be Si Marv's. AlhiH*lane. diocese 
of Govern rv 

Rev DO Hick*. Vlrar. GIHlnoham 
Team MiniMTV diocese of S-ilIsOury. 

IO be pneu tneharw. SI • Jonn s. 
Portland, same drocese 

The Rev JT Hovwten. senior untrue - 
lor. BBC Local Radio Trauimp. and 
imn- stipendiary mlmsieT al Stock ■ 
Har* art), diocese of Chelmsford, lo be 
Reclvr. D"ddlnghursi. and Vlrar. 
Mounfftosamu, same diocese 

The Rev FT Humphries to be 
WHlesderi area director of ordfnands. 
dwene of London 

Preto HDG Jenkknu. Vicar. SI John 

Two Cities Dining Club 
Mr Peregrine Worsthorne. Edi- 
tor of the Sunday Telegraph, 
accompanied by Mrs 
- Wqrsthome. was the guest of 
honour and speaker at a dinner 
given by the Two Cilies Dining 
Club at Si Ermin’s Hole! last 
mghL Mr Kenneth Dibben was 
in ihe chair. 

Healey and Baker 

Mr Paul Orchard-Lisle. Presi- 
dent of ihe Royal Institution of 
Chartered Surveyors, and Mr 
Brian GoswelL Presideni of the 
Incorporated Society of Valuers 
and Aucnonecrs. -were 
honoured by their fellow part- 
ners and guests of Healey and 
Baker at a dinner held at 
PlaistererV Hall last night. Mr 
Peier Winfield, senior partner, 
proposed the toast io ihe wests 
and Lord Young of Graffhazn. 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment responded. 

Service dinners 

Quartermaster General 
General Sir Richard Tram pre- 
sided at a dinner held at St 
Omer Barracks. Aldershot, last 
night to mark the 30Qih anniver- 
sary of the appointment of the 
Quartermaster General. Those 
present included Generals Sir 
Patrick Howard- Dobson, Sir 
William Jackson. Sir Antony 
Read. Sir Charles Richardson 
and Sir Richard Worsfey. 
London Rifle Brigade Rangers 
Viscount Whitciaw. CH. and 
Lieutenant-Colonel Peier 
Lyddon were the principal 
guests at the annual dinner of 
the London Rifle Brigade Rang- 
ers Officers Club, held at the 
Army and Navy Club last night 
Lieutenant-Colonel Kyrie 
Simond presided. 

City .of London TA Si VRA 
The City of London Territorial 
Auxiliary and Volunteer Re- 
serve Association held a dinner 
last night at Drapers’ Hall after 
ils annual meeting. Among 
those present were Mr Robert 
Banks. MP. Mr Owen Kelly and 
Major-General Edward Jones. 

University news 



CHRISTCHURCH: Ian David Thomp- 
son. MA. PhD (CanfabL to an official 
Studentship of Ihe House la Physiol- 
ogy i from October 1 1966). 

Weir, BA. (BA MSc Cambt lo a Junior 
research fellowship in physiology 
Graham Edward Gould iBA Camo). to 
the Gordon Mllburn Junior Research 


Green. BA University College London, 
lo an Edward White Bale Junior 
Researc h Fell owship • - 
Sir lain Gbdewefi. MA. a Lord Justice 
of Appeal, and Professor Barry 
Emmanuel Supple. B Sc Ecoo (Lon- 
don). PhD ICamortdgeL FRHMS. 
Master of SI GatharUto's College, 
Cambridge, to honor a ry MlowriW 
Anne Martin MA DPhit (BSc New- 
castle) to a fe ll owship la psychology 
from October 1 1986. 


QUE§^r COLLEGE: Mr Stntfien 
Barry Murphy. .BA Hons i Oxford). 
AreiHviste. Mm£e-BiNio8u>ai>e Rim- 
baud. Qiarfesvilte^tozieres. Io an 
Official Fellowship from October I. 

ihe BanliM. Slokesev. and Rural Dean 
ol Condavn. diorrM at Hn.-ford. in 
or Rwlor Sf Mary's. Kington. SI 
Thomas a D eckel. Huntington. SI 
Stephen's. Old Radnor. »»i Marv’«. 
Kinnerinn. Ml MIC hart's, kmll. same 

Thr Rev JVM Klrkhv Vita: 
Wnoflon dotee of Si Albans, lo he 
virar Bv fieri diocese nf Caiiktinrd. 

The Rev MD Lewis Vicar North 
Cum dinrer nf Bo to and Wrih to 
neVra-ar Hnly Trimly ra.mton Mme. 

The Rpi PC l.nwrfe Rerior. 
Sidnioutti. Wnndhrnnv. - .SaJrnmbe 
Regis and BransrcwrVw Team Min 
rvlrv deHese nf Lirtn. to (y Vicar. 
DWIllir* and MWURi Vale dirt eve 
r*f salnhury 

The Rev m Netaon. Vmar St 
Marv's. Blyth. dioc e s e of Newcastle, 
to be also pnes-uHiuigr. Honor, 
same diocese 

The Rev M Notan curaie. SI Peier 
and si Paul. Dagennam. diocese nf 
Chelmsford, lo be curate. SI Paul and 
Si Luke. Finchley, diocese of London 
Canon SAG Owen. Rector. Elrod on. 
and Vlrar Rlrkenhiil, dlocpse of 
Birmingham, now canon emeritus on 
Ins retlrernenl on March 31 
The Rev ' CD Price, curaie. Great 
Bertdnw. dmrese Of Chelmsford, lo be 
curate. Hampreston. diocese of Sam- 
bo rv. 

The Rn K Punshon. vicar. SI 
James. HLUl. diocese of BrniUnqlum. lo 
be Vicar. Si Michael and All ArtgeK. 
South Yardlej'. same dtacme. 

The Rev C Rare, diocesan adniln- 
Istralor. diocese Ol Botswana, lo be 
Vicar SI Patrick's. Sailer Sued, 
d i oces e of Birmingham. 

The Rev MD Ranker, honorary 
curaie insmi. Ensoul. SI Martin's, 
diocese of Guildford, to be Ghapfer 
Dean I Charter of Priests in Secular 
Employment!, same diocese 

Ven R Robert*, general se cr e t ar y of 
the Jerusalem and Middle. East 
LunrlMloii. lo be also honorary 
Curate INSMI. Hale, dtoces# of 

Canon DWJ Sampson. Vicar. 
Wlngham wtth Elm&lone. Preston and 
Stourmouth. dweese of Canierbury. to 
be rural#. Si Leonard's. Hyihe. same 

Canon MB Sexlon. Rector. 
Hetoervn wgh CmipMI. wtth UUle 
Me torn and Great Mellon, diocese of 
Norwich, lo be Vkcaf. Hunstanton SI 
Mai-* with Hnlme nexl-lhe Sea with 
Thnrnham, same diocese I 

The Rev MW Wehn. vicar. Milton. , 
diocese of LichrtcM. to be Vicar. , 
Croslon will) Rrnoqhlon and : 
Ad hast on. same dtocese. 

The Rev PE WlKon. curaie. 
Bnohl'lone - and Brooke with 1 
Molftstone. diocese nf Portsmouth, to ' 
be Team vicar. Tung Team Ministry, 
diocese of SI Albans. 

The Rev GA Wood, area secretary. 
I'SPC. lo be learn Virar. 
Link- Hampton, dmnesp of CJiKhniw. 

Olhor appoinimems 

DwnneA A Brookfield. D u rn wi i. 
Si Nicholas. Hull, diocese of York to . 
Ihe parish of SI Stephen. Aromb. 
York same riiamr. 

Owroucss E A Daiukhon. Dea- 
coness. Guildford. Chnu Omirti. 
diocese of Guildford to be Deaconess. 
Cuddingfun and Stone Irish- . name 

Resignations and retirements 

The Rev E Carson. Rector.' 
Mentnolor dhury. oiocae of SI Atoeiu. . 
rellred on Apnl So 

The Rev DC Gouprc Vicar. 
LraWwo wilh Fairborn, dloense Of 
Vnrk. to reure on Julv 31. 

The Rev JB Kiwi Vicar. St MIC rue) 
and All Aiwls. North Hull, dweese of 
Vnrk resigned on April SO 
The Rev FWJ plckard. m charge 
Hmvworlh wilh Newnam and. 
n.etwHI. diocese ol SI Albans., to 
Tl-Tur nn Auqusl 41. 

Canon CH Waller. Rector. 
vii<piN i 'vhtll. ui oluraloy with 
Compton and 1‘pper and Lower 
Mnrutua dincrse ol SI Albans, lo 

retire no Jidv Jl 

The Res O V wmiams: ftirinr. 
BiunNim wilh Terdpslwd and Little 
Bertnrd diotrse of SI Allunv. lo 
r.-^gn nn IviHe SO • 

ramn A K W Wriohr. Rerior 
ELtrlwrfl will! BrtwpJakirno and 
HmplW. dim.rse nf c^iHThury. to 
rrittt- on Octoter SI 
Pirb R f Ltwmt. Team Reuoc. 
Liiib'iurn Wilh Hnlv - rnnily. St 
Afirtrrw. SI HavKiur and SI -Marv. 
Lsnmnrh. rtuyee nt Exeter, m rrttro 
kuiiun I9H7 ' 

Mr Robert Stevenson, the 
British -bom dircaor of such 
Hollywood hits as .Vary 
Poppins and other PpP^r 
family films, died m Califor- 
nia on April 30 ai the age of 

He was an unpretentious 
craftsman who worked wtth 
equal proficiency on a variety 
of subjects and relied on the 
virtues of well constructed 
stories and strong narralives- 
He always said his main object 
as a film maker was a happy 
audience and his popular 
touch was confirmed in a 
survey by the trade paper. 
Variety, in 1977, which put 
him among the cinema's most 
commercially successful 

Bom in London in 1905. 
and educated at Cambridge 
University, he started his 
working life as a journalist 
before entering films as a 
scriptwriter at Gainsborough. 
He made his first film as a 
director in 1932 and among 
his early pictures were Tudor 
Rose . a biography of Lady 
Jane Grey, and King 
Solomon’s Mines, with Paul 

In 1939 he went to Holly- 
wood. where one of his first 
films was. ironically, a British 
subject. Tom Brown's 
Schooldays. In 1944 he made a 
powerfully atmospheric ver- 
sion of Jane Eyre, with Joan 
Fontaine in the title role and 
Orson Welles as Mr Roches- 
ter. The film's baroque style 
owed much to . Welles's 

In complete contrast- was 
the. quasi-documentary thrill- 

er. To the Ends of ihe Earth / 
about the hunt for a narcotics 

Stevenson began a 20-year 
association with Disney in 
1957 and was responsible for 
some of the studio's most 
successful pictures. His biggest 
hit. Mary Poppins. deveriy 
combined animation and five 
action for the story of an 
Edwardian nanny and her 
magic umbrella. It won -five 
Oscars and. made a star of its 
leading. lady, Julie Andrews. 

.Among his nearly twenty 
other films for Disney, all of 
them aimed fair and square at 
the family audience, were Old 
Yeller. The Absent-Minded 
Professor. ■ The Love Jtug, 
Bedknobs and Broomsticks 
and One cf Our Dinosaurs is 
Missing.. He retired front the 
cinema ip 1 977- - 

He also directed some. JO0 
television shows. . ind tiding 
episodes for Alfred Hitckcock 
Presents and Gunsnwke: : . 


The Right Rev John Gilbert 
Hindley Baker, who. died on 
! April 29 at the age of 75,. 
became the fust bishop to 
ordain an English woman to 
the priesthood 

As Bishop of Hong Kong 
and Macao from 1966 to 1981 
he ordained Miss Joyce Ben- 
nett of the Church Missionary 
Society and Chinese-born 
Miss Jane Hwang Hsieti Yuen 
in 1971. 

There was a precedent for 
such an action in this pioneer- 
ing diocese: Baker’s predeces- 
sor. the Right Rev R. 0. Hall 
had ordained a Chinese dea- 
coness in 1944. But this was a 
wartime expedient designed to 
cope with a pastoral need, and 
was repudiated by the 1948 
Lambeth Conference. Baker's 
action had the prior assent of 
the Anglican Consultative 

Educated at Westminster 
School and Christ Chitich. 
Oxford.' he was ordained in- 

He was London secretary 
for the Student Christian 

Movement from 1932-J4 be- 
fore going 1 China where he 
served' until 1951. 

He then spent three years in 
the- American Church before 
returning to London where be 
was General . Secretary of the 
Church Assembly's Overseas 
Council. - ' 

By 1966 Baker was in Hoag 
Kong as Director of theOuis- 
tian Study Centre on Chinese 
.religion and culture. After 
Bishop .Hall's retirement it 
had been forecast that that 
Chinese Christians would opt 
for a Chinese bishop. In the 
event they chose Baker. 

. Fluent in Mandarin and 
Cantonese, he wrote several 
books on the Anglican Church 
in China: ^ The Changing Scene 
in China (1946) and - The 
Church on Asian Frontiers 
(1963). and he expounded his 
views on the ordination of 
women, in a contribution to 
ihe^pcbU cation Yes to Women 
Priests{ 1978). ' . 

Returning to Britain he 
became Assistant Bishop of 
Guitfordin 1983. 


Sir Michael Creswell. 
KCMG, who died on April 25, 
aged 76. had a varied career in 
the diplomatic service, and 
was a former Ambassador to 

Educated at Rugby and 
New College, Oxford, he en- 
tered the foreign service in 
1933 and served in Beilin, 
Madrid, Athens, Tehran and 
Singapore, before becoming 
Minister at Cairo from 1951 to 

He was Ambassador at Hel- 
sinki, 1 954-58, Senior Civilian 
Instructor at the Imperial 
Defence College, 1958-60, 
Ambassador at - Belgrade. 
1960-64, and,, finally, at Bue- 
nos Aires from 1964 to 1969. 

Creswell was never a con- 
ventional diplomat He had 
French forebears and never 
lost a French “r”. 

In bis early, days at the- 
Foreign Office, he tried the 

patience of Ralph Wigram, his 
head of depa r tment, flying an 
old Bristol. Fighter to France at 
weekends and sometimes get- 
ting stuck there. He eventually 
crashed in Spain. 

At Madrid, during the War, 
he was largely responsfbte for 
organizing the safe .'.passage 
through Spain of hundreds of 
escapers from occupied 

Creswell had much charm 
and a h umorous quizzjcal eye. 
He was an exceptional linguist 
and entered with zest into the 
life of every country in which 
he served,, travel! mg widely^ ' 

. In the long summer days In 
Finland, with his boat and a 
house on a small island, bis 
friends enjoyed memorable 
holidays. He was a fine shat 
with a rifle and brought to his 
home in Surrey trophies from 
many lands. 


Mr Fred Kermis, the sculp- 
tor and portrait medallist, has 
died at the age of 9 1. 

Bom of Czech parents in 
Frankfurt, from 1915 to 1920 
he was a prisoner of war in 
Siberia. On his release, he 
returned to Frankfurt where 
he worked until' 1 933. He then 
went lo the Netherlands where 
he held exhibitions ofhis work 
in Amsterdam and The 

He came to England in 
1 934. and had his first London 
exhibition the same year. Dur- 
ing a bombing raid in 1940. 

Church, carved in rose alabas- 
ter, is also an outstanding 

' Kormis was a leading por- 
trait - medallist/'. Before the 
Abdication, he carved a por- 
trait medallion -of King Ed- 
ward VUL and during the war, 
he carved two series of medal- 
lions of the war cabinet and 
heads of allied governments, 
which are-in the collection of 
the British Museum. 

Among medallions of a later 
period were those of Lord 
Mountbatteu, Winston Chur- 
chill. Alexander Fleming, 


however, he lost most of his ' Charlie Chaplm and Henry 
work. Moore. 

Although The Prisoner of More recent works are 
War Memorial in Gladstone Laurence Olivier, commis- 
Park, Willesden, is his major sioned by the British Muse- 
work, his series of high reliefs, urn. and The Duke of 
The Marchers, at Nuffield - Edinburgh, commissioned by 
College. Oxford; Kings Col- the National Maritime Muse- 
lege London: and at Universi- um.- both made in Kormis's 
ty College. Swansea, are 90th year, 
equally moving .His last portrait medallion 

The&rcophagus and Effigy was Kenneth. Lord Clarke, 
of Lady Methuen, m Corsham made a year later ... 


Mrs Jeannie Hoskins, who. 
through her agency. Celebrity 
Service, became an informa- 
tive part of the London social 
scene: has died after a long 
illness. She was 77. Born in 
Scotland. Jeannie Hoskins 
built an independent career in 
an era when it was less 
fashionable and more difficult 
than it is now for a woman. 

Celebrity Service was 
launched in ihe early 1950s. It 
soon became a successful busi- 
ness based on a brilliant and 
unusual idea: a bulletin in- 
forming its many clients of the 
.arrivals and departures from 
London of important' people 

in. many walks of. life, from 
film stars to businessmen, 
musicians to; authors,, politi- 
cians to presidents. \ K 

Jeannie, .always tipraacur *■.• 
lately . , groomed. ■ ‘became a 
celebrity herself ind was fre- 
quently seen in the capital's 
best known venues. ' ' 

She always attributed -foe 
original idea .for.;Cfe§fority 
Service 1 to her foe 

singer mid show business per- 
sonality Bebe Daniels.; g 

She Was jnarri^.forover^S 
years to- Percy Htiakfof > w r - 
many years chtef.q^erejKirt- 
er of the Daily Express.; 

■’ • . i-'dfA. '•■'■‘X -~ 

f r- v 

. . ", r< T 
ir.l ■ ! ’* 

run* s 

;l ^iiihi 

. ,.i t\ ■- • 
i '■’ ' *>. * .j 


^ - f 

X * t ,#***" 
* * *.-J "■ 






PfWPSon beiog.the everyday 
JJigWjJ* ft* seicret agent’s 

life* be should always bear in 

nunddjepOSSaflitvofhB: nwn 

; being • a strategic 
saam. The most remarkable 
quality shared hy the pitifully 
ww s urvivors of the &O.E. 
. - network in occupied France 
2?® ^ interviewed in 
/ TJmevatch Special - AH The 

'-SW Ma * (»BC2) was their 
lack of bitterness at having 
been systematically betrayed 
to the Gestapoby an agent of 
their own side. Perhaps ran- 
«our h»d tong been eclipsed by 
-then' abiding sense of wonder 
*t titeir own survival. 

- Jacques Bureau (which 
sounds eerily like a code 
name) blithely recalled how 

- his interrogator at the Avenue 
.. Foch was unable to get down to 

work because aH the torture 
cells were booked, while John 
Stair littered the conversation- 
stopper “After I escaped from 
' Mauthausen concentration 
-. camp**, as though reciting a 
slightly raffish c.v. 

. The major lacuna in this 
.. .somewhat laborious investiga- 
tion of Machiavellian mtrigne 
was the figure of Claude 
. Dansey, the Deputy Head of 
the rival STS. who — and the 
evidence add need was over- 
; whelmingly com pdHng . — de- 
liberately scuppered S.O.E. by 
‘Tunning” their Air Opera- 
tions Officer Henri Dericonrt, 
on snspidoasly friendly terms 
with the mob at the Avenue 
Foch. Dericonrt died in a plane 
crash in 1962. Did Dansey die 
m his bed, s un ro nn ded by 
‘ testimonials to his patriotism? 
"All we -pit was a sternly 
muevealing bead-shot. 

. The fest episode of King of 

- the Ghetto (BBC2) also did its 
best to conjure a mood of 

. devious menace — this time, in 
the fetid portions of Bride 
Lane, Louden El, where the 
leader of the local sqoatacracy 
(Tim Roth) foraul hhngrff 
falling for schoolteacher 
Gwyneth Strong and sidling 
into opposition with Zia 
Mohyeddin's bent travel agent 
and Ian Dory'S frankly unbe- 
lievable pool-hall manager. 

' frig script took second place t* 
tiie soundt rack's acoustic 
blues, and one was left to sieve 
amusement from' the topo- 
graphical fflberties. 

Shadey (15) 

Zina (15) 

Gate Notting Hill; Metro 

The Jewel of the Nile 

Leicester Square Theatre 

The Legend of Billie 
Jean (15) 

Cannon Piccadilly; Film 
Centre Charing Cross 

Flesh and Blood (18) 

Cannons Piccadilly, 
Haymarket, Charing 
Cross. Road 

Martin Griper 

I The first film scripted by the drama- 
tist Snoo Wilson, Shadey is styled by 
is makers “a surrealist black 
comedy", and as such is a brave, rare 
attempt to introduce fantasy to the 
British screen. The mercurial Antony 
Sher plays Oliver Shadey, a bankrupt 
motor mechanic with, a supernatural 
ability to transform other people's 
thoughts into 8mm movie imag ps, 
and a burning ambition to raise 
money for his sex change operation. 

He sells his oils to a banker 
(Patrick Macnee)for the purposes of 
industrial espionage, but finds him- 
self traded to the Ministry of Defence, 
who fbrseeably abuse his talents while 
rewarding him with bureaucratic 
parsimony. Shadey meanwhile re- 
mains involved in the peculiar family 
affaire of the banker, who has a 
beautiful daughter, incestuous de- 
sires, and a mad, malevolent wife 
who eats coal and castrates tiresome 
party guests with a kitchen knife. 

Snoo Wilson’s inventions are exu- 
berant, and as director Philip Saville 
follows their gyrations with dexterity. 
As things progress, however, the 
uneasy feding grows that the film, for 
all its topical references, is no more 
than a series of turns, not really going 
anywhere or saying anything; and a 
iamefinale seems only to confirm the 
fear. Sequences like the filming of a 
commercial with a cast of mongoloid 

children appear to be thrust in simply 
for effect and with little regard to their 


It is written with a kindly eye to the 
actors, and in particular provides 
Sher with a show-off role for his first 
cinema appearance. Sometimes in- 
deed the show-off gels the upper 
hand, as in a Buster Keaton parody at 
a party and the arch drag sequence at 
the end of the film. There are 
enjoyable peformances, in the carica- 
ture manner of the film, by Macnee, 
Katherine Hehnond as the mad lady. 
Bernard Hepton as a myopic com- 
muter who works for Intelligence and 
Billie Whitelaw as an M.O.D. lady 
with a taste for natty gents' suitings. 

Zina Brocstein was the eldest 
daughter of Lev Davidovich Bran- 
stein, alias Leon Trotsky. Her father 
left Russia and his family in 1902, 
when Zina was two, and their 
subsequent connections were slight. 
Zina seems nevertheless to have 
idolized her father from a distance, 
mid to have committed herself pas- 
sionately to his political beliefs. In the 
[ate Twenties she finally joined him 
for nine months in his exile on the 
Turkish island of Prinkopo. While 
apparently attracted by her intelli- 
gence and insights, Trotsky became 
aware of Zina’s deep emotional 
disturbance, and sent hex for analysis 
in Berlin, where she committed, 
suicide during the period of the fesdst 
rise to power. 

The true story is more engaging 
than the film Zina, which Ken 
McMullen, with his co-scenarist Ter- 
ry Jones, has wrested from it Zina ■ 
exemplifies the danger of being too 
theoretical, of imposing style rather 
than letting style develop organically 
from the subject The film is framed 
by Zina's sessions with her Berlin 
psychiatrist, and constructed around 
her memories, dreams and ima- 
ginings. One line follows Trotsky’s 
life and political reflections; another 
follows contemporary events (the 
Revolution, Civil War, Stalin, Hitler 
and, as an epilogue, the Second 
World War); a third, citing Antigone, 

bints at parallels with plassirnl 


A serious subject does not in itself 
guarantee profundity, and the content 
does not really vindicate the demand- 
ing and complex form. Zina's fanta- 
sies are too fragmentary to reveal 
much about herself, Trotsky or their 
relationship, and the treatment of 
history (choral renderings of the 
"Internationale" and Nazis defacing 
Heartfield collages) tends to the 
familiar and supeificiaL The compen- 
sations are foie visuals and excellent 

Wg . 7 ■ 

. . ¥ • v :■ • -VV > 



. -*t. • : r* v.. 

A show-off role for the mercurial Antony Sher in his first film, Shadey 

performances by Dommana Gior- 
dano as Zina and Philip Madoc as a 
faintly pompous Trotsky. 

The Jewel of the Nile is a heavy- 
handed sequel to Romancing the 
Stone. The new director, Lewis 
Teague, lacks the deftness of Robert 
Zemeckis; and the earlier film clearly 
owed much ofits wit and whimsy also 
to the writer Diane Thomas, who 
subsequently died in a car accident 
(A title dedicates the film to her 
memory and that of three men killed 
in an air crash while scouting 
locations for the film.) 

Michael Douglas (adventurer), 
Kathleen Turner (romantic novelist) 
and Danny DeVito (pint-sized come- 
dy villain) this time find themselves 
in North Africa, committed to 
effecting the downfall of a fanatical 
dictator and usurper. The curiosity of 
the film lies in its prophetic parallels 
to current events and its insights into 
popular American fallacies about the 
Third World and foreign policy. 
Natives of North Africa are shown 
either as fiendish assassins or retard- 
ed, happy children out of National 
Geographic, and of course no dusky 
dictator has a chance against a 
resourceful American hero letting fly 
with triumphant whoops of “Yeah — 

The script of The Jewel of the Nile 
is by Mark Rosenthal and Lawrence 
Konner, who also wrote The Legend 
of Billie Jean, a tale at least as 
unlikely. It is a juvenile Bonnie and 
Clyde ; with elements of Sugarland 

Express thrown in — which is not 
surprising since the director, Mat- 
thew Robbins, was writer on that 
earlier fantasy of a fugitive who 
becomes a folk-hero. 

Billie Jean is a nice girl from the 
wrong side of the tracks who takes to 
the road with her kid brother after a 
run-in with a redneck, rapist store- 
owner and his horrible son. As a 
champion of kids’ rights, modelling 
herself on Jean Se berg’s Saint Joan, 
she rallies the youth of Texas with her 
battle-cry of "Fair is fair". The story 
becomes sillier as it goes along; the 
main compensation is the fresh and 
lively playing of Helen Slater and 
Christian Slater (no relation). 

In Flesh and Blood the Dutch 
director Paul Verhoeven, who has 
made a reputation of sorts with 
vaguely any sex and sensation, turns 
his attention to the period spectacu- 
lar. This American-tacked film, with 
its ludicrous, anachronistic, four- 
letter English dialogue, imagines a 

violent society somewhere in Europe 
at the turn of the sixteenth century. 

at the turn of the sixteenth century. 
Rutger Hauer leads a band of 
marauding mercenaries, who dress up 
in red clothes and proclaim them- 
selves a commune. It is an unremit- 
ting farrago of rape, revenge, pillage, 
slaughter, torture and more rape tor 
good measure Hauer's miraculous 
escape from death in his burning 
castle at the end of the film is an 
ominous sign that we may be in for a 
sequel to this one loo. 

David Robinson 


Images unsubtly presented 

The Marriage of 
Theatre Royal, 

ing is alannii^ly patchy, and 
John Cox's direction is stiff 

where it concerns the princi- 
pal characters, clownish in hs 
treatment of the subsidiary 

As readers of the interview 
with him. on this page on 
Wednesday will be aware, he 
squares up to the opera by way 
ofits final act. and it is a nice 
conceit that the stage picture 
should gradually open to the 
outdoors. The first act is in a 
windowless room; the second 

This Iasi new production of 
the season , does nothing to 
raise the present dismal for- 
tunes of Scottish Opera. The 
-orchestra! playing under Gy- 
orgy Fischer is coarse, lifeless 
and accident-prone; the sing- 

has just a balcony at the side 
(this is Cherubino’s route of 
escape). Only in the third do 
we begin to see the green shade 
of nature, which, in a pretty 
untamed state, is the setting 
for the fourth. 


T voody Alien’s new movie, 
coming soon, is Ins best yet 

Now yon don’t have to wait until 
it opens to find out why. 

There’s no need, either, to go on 
enduring obscure reviews 
seemingly written for other critics. 
-By highlighting important events 
well in advance and writing with 
refreshing simplicity. Review takes a 
J very practical approach to the arts 
and entertainment 

Its large colour pages blend 
elegance with clarity. 

• Each week, its sharp reviews cover 
films, theatre, opera and concerts, 
along with dance, art, records, books 
and television. 

The Preview section tells you 
what’s coming up in time to book. 

And the listings are national, not 
fust for London. As for compelling 
topics: Woody r 

The trouble is that this 
scheme has little to do with 
foe opera, whose resolution is 
not gradual but sudden. More- 
over, in order to avoid foe 
threat of claustrophobia in foe 
first two acts, John Byrne’s 
sets are obliged to indude 
some puzzling architectural 
features, quite apart from foe 
Jugendstil open-work panels, 
that look odd in interiors that 
are otherwise faithful to the 
eighteenth century. 

The other trouble is that Mr 
Cox's general plan is not 
matched by any subtlety in the 
presentation and handling of 

Sensual charms: Diana Montagu* and Jonathan Summers as Cherubmo and the Count 

foe characters. The experience 
is rather like that of flicking 
through an album of photo- 
graphs of Mozart productions 
30 or 40 years old: there are 
the same decorous smiles, the 
knowing gestures, foe plain 
ranks of front-faced soloists 
doggedly going through en- 

Much therefore rests on foe 
singing, and only three mem- 
bers ofthe cast are equal to the 
enormous burden they have to 

cany; Diana Montague as 
Cbenibino, Jonathan Sum- 
mers as foe Count and Rosa 
Mannion however briefly as a 
delicious Barbarina. 

Miss Montague is a great 
pleasure: one might imagine 
that the ability to sing Mozart 
was a lost art were it not for 
her. and she portrays foe 
amorous, sensual youth with 
great sensitivity and neatness 
of observation. Mr Summers 
also cuts a sensual figure, in 

the way he stands and moves 
(he is helped by the pro- 
duction's most striking cos-’ 
tumes) and in the dark 
strength of his singing, artfully 
worked around a bullish bel- 
low. Roderick Earle's Figaro is 
also dark-toned, but too much 
spoken, and Isobel Buch- 
anan’s Susanna gives cause for 
concern in the lack of vocal 

Paul Griffiths 




Festival Hall 

Allen apart, this 
week Rciiiew com- 
pares the world s 
finest tenors, 
Domingo and 

. Review, On 
sale by Saturday 
ail over Britain- 

L-; The ite&erts and etitertammeht mdgazii 

We must be getting spoilt A 
few years ago the combination 
of Mozart's and Mahler's 
most imposing symphonies in 
one programme would proba- 
bly have packed the Festival 
Hall, whereas it was not much 
more than half full for this, 
visit by -foe Hallfe O r c h estra. 
Bui here was an absolutely 
magnificant performance of 
Mahler’s Sixth Symphony, 
one which did justice to a great 
work and which ako showed a 
thing or two to ’some London 

Stanislaw Skrowaczewski is 
evidently one of those conduc- 
tors with an uncanny gift for 
tempo. One of the symphony's 
interpretative problems is 
finding exactly the right pace 
for the "• first movement's 
pounding march-rhythms, yet 
foe opening bars hoe unerr- 
ingly launched foe work’s 
massive structure: A brisk 
tempo for foe Scherzo necessi- 
tated some sharp gearchanges 
but brought out foe music’s 
underiymgtone of brutality to 
Startling effect 

. Skrowaczewsla’s wonderful 
structural sense was no less 
apparent m the Adagio, its 
poignant beauty captured in a 
shimmering blend of wind 
and strings. The Finale's ’gi- 
gantic trajectory came across 
with faultless lucidity, the 
conductor skilfully dove-tail- 
rag the slow, brooding materi- . 
al of foe Introduction into the 
tumultuous main Allegro. 

At all' points the orchestra . 
provided an object-lesson in 

Mahler-playing. The brass 
were powerful but never 
crude; foe strings delivered 
Mahler’s torrential semiqua- 
ver passagework with remark- 
able accuracy; in foe Adagio, 
the woodwind shone as re- 
quired. Earlier, Skrowacz- 
ewski had chosen to set 
Mozart's “Prague” Symphony 
in a cool climate (Scandinavia 
rather than Bohemia, I think) 
— not inappr opriate ly, given 
foe uphearab to come. 

Malcolm Hayes 

Festival Hall 

Something of foe impatience 
and cynicism so characteristic 
of our own decade seemed to 
tinge Dvorak’s Ninth Sym- 
phony on Tuesday in its 
performance by foe London 
.Philharmonic and Christoph 

The sort of high adrenalin, 
whiplash treatment which 
could be justified, on one level 
at least, in Dvorak's Carnival 
Overture was meted out re- 
lentlessly in foe symphony. 
Eschenbach’s baton has a way 
of fashioning a deceptive skin 
of elegance and excitement by 
exploiting a work's surface 
energies: by pointing up foe 
subdivisions of a phrase, driv- 
ing every accent and honing 
brass and woodwind to knife- 

It creates, though, a per- 
forming tension which has j 
little to do with foe music's 

excitement to a sense of 
carping haste; and foe attenu- 
ated phrasing of the Largo, 
merely effete without the sup- 
port of any underlying mo- 
mentum, was poor com- 
pensation for foe sour cor 
anglais sola 

Some consolation was to be 
drawn from the memory of 
Justus Frantz's performance 
of Dvorak's Kano Concerto 
before the imervaL Paucity of 
matter and over-elaboration 
of manner has, it is true, 
pushed the work to foe edges 
of foe repertoire. And, al- 
though Frantz had skilfully 
tailored Dvorak’s occasionally 
unplayable version to his own 
fingertips, it is easy to see why 
it stays there. 

Orchestra and piano seem 
too often either to be search- 
ing for a raison d'etre or to be 
transmuting their indecisive- 
ness into rhetorical gesture to 
woo the applause which they 
were so readily granted. Ap- 
preciation was well deserved, 
though, for its gently medita- 
tive Andante, and for the 
conviction and enjoyment 
brought to its garrulous finale 
by Frantz himself. 


^3 MAY 


Tonight at 7.30 



Tomorrow at 7.00 

Hilary Finch 

* 0 SC/W* 


internal, organic tensions, and 
is in Dvorak’s case counter- 


productive to its spirit The 
refusal to grant the flute a 
second’s grace before foe entry 
of foe fust movement's, sec* 
ond subject merely reduced 

TONIGHT at 8pm 


rdetemsoiis.oo £12^0 £10 SO £850 ccDl 928 g800-FifaCag 01240 73tw 


Comic absurdity 

The Winter’s Tale 


The cover of the RSC pro- 
gramme presents a grim-faced 
Jeremy Irons wearing a crown 
from a Christmas cracker. As 
this is a Terry Hands produc- 
tion it would be misleading to 
say foal this sets the tone for a 
show that revels in tonal 
contrast, but it is certainly an 
accurate lead to the first acL 
Hie implication is that past 
performances have been over- 

Apart from Miss Barge, who 
comes over as a no-nonsense 
mother who has been played 
up once too often, no other 
characters emit any indepen- 
dent spark of life. Even Penny 
Downie's Hermione amounts 
to no more than a radiantly 
anonymous pattern of virtue; 
reduced, by foe production 
scheme, to another inert vic- 
tim from the toy-box. 

impressed by the figure of 
Leontes. How can such a man 

Leontes. How can such a man 
be taken seriously? — a hus- 
band who for no reason goes 
mad with jealousy and em- 
barks on acts o ' murder and 
impiety to puni ft his blame- 
less wife. He is na more a king 
than a child plaj ing the tyrant 
with his toy animals. 

Accordingly, the Sicilian 
court shrinks irto a nursery. 

and Mr Irons, tidtehily gnaw- 
ing his lip even before the 

onset of suspicion, offers a 
Leontes from whom every real 
trait has been studiously 
drained. Simultaneously fe- 
verish and furtive, he treats 
his court as a pack of slaves to 
be pushed about and scre- 
amed at if they put up the least 
resistance, to his wilL His 
delivery is an obsessional 
avalanche, halting with a 
screech on single tormenting 
words. Nothing exists outside 
his own fantasy; and, when the 
trial scene arrives, be gets busy 
stage-managing it himself 
hauling furniture about before 
drunkenly climbing on to the 
throne to defy foe judgement 
ofthe Oracle. 

Designed by Gerard How- 
land and Alexander Reid, the 
show is extremely beautiful. 
Sicilia, first glimpsed through 
a gauze tent, consists of an 
austerely furnished space 
with, behind it, a semi-trans- 
parent mirror which at once 
throws back liquid reflections 
of white-costumed figures and 
the image of a giant crystal 
turning to the implacable 
passage of time. When the 
action moves to Bohemia, 
white gives way to bold earth 
colours (the pace is evidently 
enjoying a wool glut), where 
the shearing party has echoes 
of Gauguin's Tahiti and even 
foe figure of Time descends in 
a winged fleece. 

The contrast is total; and yet 
the two worlds are visually 
related. To take one brilliant 
example, foe huge bearskin on 
foe first-act nursery floor later 
arises into foe gigantic preda- 
tor that devours Antigonus in 
that most recalcitrant of all 
Shakespeare's stage direc- 

The obvious advantage of 
this is that it acknowledges 
Shakespeare's way of telling 
foe story. What happens hap- 
pens: and no psychological 
digging is going to disclose any 
buried motives. IC however, 
the performance is meant to 
cast any light on the nature of 
tyranny (foe programme also 
includes portraits of Amin 
and others) it fails, as foe 
prevailing effect is one of 
comic absurdity: as when Mr 
Irons puts a blanket over his 
head to escape the accusations 
of Gillian Barge’s Paulina, or 
where she thrusts his progeny 
into bis arms and he is left, 
gnashing his teeth. 

The hero of Part II is 
undoubtedly Joe Melia's 
Autolycus: one great clown 
played by another, and sup- 
ported by a splendidly full- 
blooded score from Nigel Hess 
which helps Melia to close the 
comic time-gap both in his 
solo numbers and in convert- 
ing the ballad scene into a 
company tango. Variously dis- 
guised in mendicant rags and 
as a fairground Abemazer, he 
excels in the light-fingered 
routines, but saves his best for 
foe end with foe two upwardly 
mobile shepherds when he 
starts banding things back. 

What the production does 
not prepare is foe final recon- 
ciliation between these two 
worlds. The events are staged 
with great elegance, but with- 
out the sense of natural magic 
or foe emotions of reunion. 

Irving Wardle 



mrnmm ANTONY 








annDfuaaHnorunw MBR-anovaB uitMraff nraonuue usif jsh b^bbihm muond | 




LONDON ma TEL. 4353380/9717 
238. L3S.7.B8. 8-55 FnAs 11.15 m 

nx5a«M«tlM _ I 

SMblMUitBAdNB* AcffrfVa* I 
TMMNk lam Al Mi afKjtrt Prana 
C — 1 Dri 8 P*mi Ml WM j 

Tomorrow al 7.00 then 
May 15, 20, 24 only 

“ENO’s striking new 
production is quite unlike 
any other operatic 
experience you are ever 
likely to have.. .an 
astounding achievement" 

"Thomas Allen 
sings with notable 
eloquence and 
beauty of tone" 

“Thomas Allen 
force of singing 
and acting ,v 

David Pountney’s 
“intelligent and daring 
production ... a powerful, 
beautiful,... orchestral 
performance under 
MarfeElder” Times 

"Thomas Allen (Faust) . . . 
it is marvellous work as is 
Graham Clark as his 
Mephisto" Financial Times 

“The work gains 
much from 
sets which are 
lit with notable 
skill by 

Nick Chelton” 

“It is 

Financial Times 

English National Opera 
London Coliseum 
St Martin's Lane 
London WC2 
Box Office 01-836 3161 
Credit Cards 01-240 5258 


800 jobs 
lost in 

By Richard Ford 

The ailing economy of 
• Norxhem Ireland yesterday 
received its third blow to jobs 
in a week as Rothmans, the 
cigarette manufacturer, an- 
nounced the closure of its 
plant with the loss of almost 
. 800 jobs. 

The Carreras plant at 
Carrie kfergus will close in 
August as pan of a plan to 
concentrate cigarette produc- : 
lion in northern England. 

The announcement is a 

■ serious blow for a province 
where the unemployment rate 
is 21.4 per cent and in particu- 
lar for east Antrim where 

- earlier this week, the General 

- Electric Company and a tool 
company announced nedun- 

■ dancies which bring the total 
job losses in the area to 1,013. 

Today the Industrial Devel- 
opment Board will issue fig- 
ures showing a substantial 
shortfall in its aim of 5.750 
new jobs in 1985. There is 
concern that political uncer- 
tainly is affecting investment. 

The board is having urgent 
talks with the management of 
Mac kies, a Belfast engineering 
company employing 1,000 
workers, after a bank suggest- 
ed a time limit of five months 
forihe repayment of a £7 mil- 
lion loan. 

Unionist politicians said the 
job losses were evidence of 
British commercial withdraw- 
al from the north, but the 
redundancies further highlight 
the decline of Northern 
Ireland’s manufacturing in- 
dustry and the growing reli- 
ance on public sector 
employment and the British 

In six years Protestant- 
dominated Camckfergus has 
lost more than 5.000 jobs with 
the closure of plants by 
Courtaulds and ICI and the 
cigarette factory was the last 
major manufacturing industry 
employer in the town. It 
supplied the whole UK mar- 
ket and is to shut because of 
Tailing sales due to the anti- 
smoking lobby and the last < 
budget increase of lip on a 
packet of 20 cigarettes. 

Night of violence sweeps through jails 

By Peter Evans 

Home Affairs 

(Hie prison, Northeye in 
East Sussex, and enough cells 
to fill another, were pat out of 
action during rioting which 
swept through the jail system. 

Prisoners at Northeye 
gained control of the pH, 
causing extensive damage to 
buildings and burning them. 
Many prisoners surrendered 
to staff and police outside the 

About 400 prisoners were 
taken into police custody and 
at one stage up to 40 were at 
large in the prison, possibly 
armed. Ten prisoners were 
unaccounted for, the Home 
Office said yesterday after- 
noon. There were no fatalities. 

There was serious trouble in 
at least 17 jails. Those 

• PentonviDe: Sit-down in ex- 
ercise yard by 20 inmates for 
an hoar and a halt 

• Leicester Sit-down in wing 
by 40 remand prisoners after 
staff disobeyed the governor’s 
order on controlled unlocking. 
There was a fall alert in the 

• Castingtoa, Morpeth: A 
short, intense disturbance in 
the night Thirty cells might 
have been put out of use. 

• Deerbolt Co Durham: Cell 

b anging and nwtwnb, ypnp 

alight thrown from windows. 

• Pncklecharch, near Bristol: 
Brickwork in one wing dam- 
aged. Some fires in yara. 

• Highpoint Suffolk: S mall 
fires, one in roof of a nnit put 
ont by night staff. 

• Ashford Remand Centre, 
Middlesex: Passive sit-down 
by 40 inmates for an hour in 
the dining room. 

• Norwich: Disturbance in 
one wing. 

• Northallerton, North York- 
shire: Banging on cell doors. 

• Stafford: Fire on canteen 

• Bristol: Sit-down in yard, 
fire in C wing, cell doors 
smashed to release other pris- 
oners. Some prisoners on reol 
others tried to break into one 
wing and administration 
Mock. More prisoners in staff 
room, hot-piates smashed, 
hampering breakfast prepara- 
tions. Police called to badly 
damaged A wing, from which 
224 inmates were moved. 
Damage to another wing. 

-- . 

■•'v- gC- 

L ’fee il- MB'J. *■ ,U> . 

" " ' *-• ' 

f ; 1 ‘V 

r- v. . y * .•■imp#,' 

b^y-y • l' ‘ • v 

» -* '*'» • v»w'- 

• /Vv'yf SLM v . V 

: P, r : : ,P§Py 

sj|| - : - r 

£„?V' .'V',, V 1 ' C 'SC^ 

' ' s i - ,‘Jt J',. 

ft*. - •- 7 \'*^~ 

Aerial view yesterday of the burnt remains of Northeye prison after prisoners gained control in a night of rioting during which they set fire to cells. 

• Lewes, Sussex: Sixty-seven 
prisoners in F wing refased to 
retain to cells. Some prisoners 
on root 

• Erlestoke Youth Custody 
Centre, Wiltshire: Mass 
break-out from one unit after 
disruption in which 40 inmates 
were thought to have escaped 
and 27 were stOl at large 
yesterday morning. 

• Wayfand, Norfolk: Nine in- 
mates on roof. 

• Wymott, Lancashire: Major 
riot at midnight, with prison- 
ers injured and the jail out of 
control. Police ringed the pe- 
rimeter and entered with the 
fee brigade to tackle a fire. 
Staff gradually regained con- 
trol. There was extensive dam- 
age and four inmates were 
taken to bospitaL 

The prison during the height of rioting with firemen unable to enter as 40 prisoners were still at large. 

Jail riot 
talks as 
end action 

Continued from page 1 

of government investment 
in the service, said the 
Labour government had ig- 
nored aU prison building. 
The prison officers’ action 
had been salutary for them. 

Speaking of toe need for 
early resolution of the dis- 
pute, Mr Gerald Kaufman, 
chief Opposition spokesman J 
on home affairs, said: “It is r 
here, especially after last 
nights events which could 
and should have been fore- 
seen, that the Home Secre- 
tary has inescapable 


The worst-affected jail 
was Northeye, two miles 
from BexfaOl town centre. 
East Sussex. Thirteen main 
buildings bousing 450 pris- 
oners were destroyed. After 
they were set alight flames 
were visible five miles away 
in Hastings. 

The trouble began when 
two officers were threatened # 
and others were sent in to 
escort them to safety. Ring- 
leaders were masked. The 
jail has a low security catego- 
ry and houses prisoners 
mainly convicted of 

There was serious trouble 
in at least- 17 jails. By 
yesterday morning, the 
Home Office was saying: 
“The current situation is 
stable. Staff have for the 
most part indicated their 
willingness to work under 
governors' directions.’* 

But nine prisoners staged 
a roof-top protest at Way- Jp 
land Prison, Norfolk, yester- 
day though two soon came 
down because it was cold. 

In Wiltshire the hunt con- 
tinued for 17 youths still on 
the run from Eriestoke. Po- 
lice from two counties were 
using a helicopter to scour 
the countryside. At 
Northeye, Iff prisoners were 
unaccounted forM^jpur pris- 
oners were detained irijios- 
pital with cuts out of.tjjit 
believed to have beorin- 
jured after more than. 9)0 
ra mates went on the ram- 
page at Wymott Prison, 


\ ' ■ .. „*• 

- «* *. ■ L 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother visits . Leighton House 
Museum, WI4, 3.30. 

Princess Anne visits South- 
end; she opens the reconstructed 
West Wing of Nazareth House, 
London Rd, 10.30; then names a 
train and a new Lifeboat at 
Southend Pier. 1 1.40: later she 
lunches with The Mayor of 
Southend. Poners Restaurant, 
South Church Rd. 12.43; and 
opens a new Abbeyfield Home 
for the Elderly, Archer House, 
Laindon Rd. Billericay, 3.03. 
New exhibitions 
Model Railway Exhibition 
1986; Bristol Exhibition Centre, 
Canon's Rd; today 3 to 9, 
tomorrow and Sun 10 to 7, Mon 
10 to 6 (ends May 3). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Spring paintings and original- 
prints by contemporary Cots- 
wold artists: The Cross Tree 
Gallery, Filltins, Glos; Tues to 
Sat 10 to 1 and 2 to 5.30 fends 
May 31) 

Paintings and watercolours by 
Philip Wilson Steer; Museum 
and Art Gallery, Stoke-on- 
Trent Mon to Sat 10.30 to 3, 
Sun 2 to 5 (ends May 10). 

Egyptian landscapes: 
weavings from the Ramses 
Wissa Wassef School; Glynn 
Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea; 
Mon to Sat 10.30 to 5 (ends May 

l7 k 

Cityscape: drawings - and 
paintings by various artists; 
Colin Jellicoe Gallery, 82 Port- 
land St. Manchester; Mon to Fri 
10 to 6. Sat 1 to 5 (ends May XT). 

Scottish ceramics by mem- 
bers of the Scottish Potters 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,035 


1 Can’t do something for this 
sucker? How useles!(6). 

5 It is easy to follow the rag- 
ged hero in church books(8). 

9 Plant for a girl like Marie 
Antoinette! 10). 

10 Tug operator, perhaps, in 

11 Utopian catalogue of arche- 
types! 8). 

J2 Language, often held to be 

J3 Way to circumvent business 
levy in the past(4). 

‘IS Specify a Japanese liquor, 
nominally a doublets). 

18 Brother caught with gripes, 

- mostly from vegetables(8). 

J9 Artist to whom little Eliza- 
beth last her head(4). 

21 Misrepresent the origin of 
Freudian doctrinc(6). 

23 Trouble involving one's 
dogs? Well, we!i!(8). 

25 Free tuition — that’s partly 

26 Rascally peacekeeper gad- 
ded about, as bad as 
ever( 10). 

~27 Burial-place of Conser- 
vative student in Italian city 

28 Jot down signs of lack of 
accommodation for am 6), 


2 Nymph lacks opening for in- 
creased publicity! 5). 

3 Excellent worker in firm — 
one co-opted originally! 9). 

4 Frightful rage about 
Women's Institute pest(6). 

5 Disparage one’s wares in a 
heal wave?(3,8,4). 

6 A breather for me{4-4). 

7 Material always lakwi in ! 
and not put up outside! 5). 

8 A new food caught off the 
Massachusetts coast?(9). 

14 One concerned about 
imprisoned craftsman(9). 

16 Grim situation on baardfS- > 

17 High-class officer somehow 
tops the polI(8). 

20 Entering study, ring up fix- a 

22 Characteristic expression of 
primitive instincts upheld 
by Man (5). 

24 As did this creature pro- 
claimed in 5 difIX 5). 

Assodation; The Crawford Art 
Centre. Sl Andrews; Mon to Sat 
10 to 3, Sun 2 to 5 (ends May 

Last chance to see 
Bower paintings by Peter 
Biggins; The Portico Library 
and Gallery. 57 Mosley St. 
Manchester, 9.30 to 4.30. 

Glass, sculpture and prims; 
Frame Museum Gallery, 1 
North Parade, Frame, 10 to 4. 

Piano recital by Howard Shel- 
ley; The Pavilion, Harbour St, i 
Broadstairs. 7.45. 

Recital by Beryl Kirkman- 
Oliver (soprano) and Robert 
Hayes (piano); Grundy Art Gal- 
lery. Queen St, Blackpool 

Concert by the Northern 
Sinfonia of England; The Sands 
Centre, Carlisle, 7.30. 

Concert by the Bournemouth 
Symphony Orchestra: Wyveni 
Theatre. Swindon. 7 JO. 


Newark and Nottinghamshire 
Agricultural Show; The 
-Showground, Winlhorpe. New- 
ark Notts, today and tomorrow 
8 to 6. 

British Beautiful Homes and 
Gardens: Ripley Castle, Nr 
Harrogate, today, tomorrow and 
Monday 10 to 6. 

National Garden Festival 
Stoke-on-Trent, Staffordshire; 
180 acres of gardens, ex- 
hibitions, displays and special 
events; lO to dusk each day, for 
details call 0782 289788 and ask 
for visitor information or 
Fcstivaline on 0782 274777 
(ends Oct 26). 

Top Films 

The top boat-ofSoe fibna in Loo- 

1 (2) Out of Africa 
2(1) Absolute Beginners 
3(3) Jagged Edge 

4 ( 5) A Room with a View 
5(6) Fright Night 
6 (-) Remo - Unarmed and Dot 

7 (-) Caravaggio 
8(4) White Nights 
9 7) Clockwise 
10(8) Ran 

The top toms in the provinces; 

1 Out of Africa 

2 Absolute Beginners 

3 Ctocfcwise 

4 WhrtB Nights 

5 Spies Lab Us 


Top video rentals 

1 (1 ) A Nightmare an Sm Street 
2(2) A View to KM 
3(14) Desperately Seekfrw Susan 
4 (6 ) Poface Academy 2: Their 1st 

5(5) Return at the Jedi 
6(3) Missing in Action 2: The Be- 
7(4) Stick 
8(42) Cat's Eye 
9(9} Perfect 
10(10} American Kfinje 
Supplied by wmdsuxiws 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,034 Anniversaries 

I iSHiSSKS LiSitSIlr^lS 

,e [3 5 b n e ;s . 


ra e r m ts 

«n>-WP yKBftSHnHB 
K mi E G E2 

«BI3rai3BT5n i-SEQEffli-i 
|SJ B CB . IS n 

,iiss3ffTL=i0ES «LKP?sryj5ns 

Concise Crossword page 10 

Births: Alessandro Scarlatti, 
composer. Palermo. Italy. 1660: 
Jerome K Jerome, novelist 
Three Men in a Boas and 
playwright Walsall, 1 859: Theo- 
dore Herd. Zionist. Budapest 

Deaths: Leonardo da Vinci 
Cloux. France. 1519; William 
BeckfonL writer, author of i 
I'aihek, Bath. 1844: Giacomo 
Meyerbeer, composer, Paris. 
1864: Nancy. Viscountess Astor, 
first woman to sit in Parliament 
Grrmsthorpe Castle. Lincoln- 
shire, 1964. 

Food prices 

Shoppers will find a wide 
variety of fish to choose from 
this week with sea bream, 
turbot brill and skate as well as 
the usual favourites, cod. had- 
dock, Dover and lemon sole, 
herrings, coley and mackerel. 
Prices vary according to regions 
but most areas will find had- 
dock, whiting and dab cheaper. 

Lamb prices are still going up 
with 8p a lb on leg and best end 
diop in London and the South- 
east New Zealand lamb leg is up 
2p a lb. Beef topside and : 
silverskie is down a penny a j 
pound this week. However there 
is a slight increase on stewing 
and frying steaks and boneless 
brisket Pork prices are stable. 

Good offers from shops and 
supermarkets this week are: 
Saiosbury. top side, top rump 
and aitchbone £1.88 a lb and 
boneless leg of pork £1.58 a lb; 
Safeway: frozen minced beef 
79p a lb and 51b packs 69p a lb; 
Tesco: boneless brisket of beef 
£1. 38a lb. small ribs on the bone 

Cape Granny Smith’s, 
Golden Delicious and New 
Zealand Coxes 35-S5p a lb. 
Avocados 30-60p each Cape 
black Bartinka grapes 33-8Sp a 
lb and Chilean and Australian 
sultana grapes 80p-£l_3G. small 
and medium pineapples 60p-£l 
each and strawberries 55-75p a 

Cape broccoli at 50-70p each, 
onions 1 4-20p a !b, spring greens 
2S-40p, courgettes 50-80p and 
cauliflower 40-65p. Dutch, En- 
glish. Jersey and Guernsey hot- 
house tomatoes 70-80p a lb 

Parliament today 

Travel news 

Ra 3 

British Rail are running extra 
trains over the May Day holi- 
day. Additional .trains will be 
run on many ImerCfty .routes. 
Please check your travel details 
in advance at local stations and 
reserve tickets on. popular 

Today: Uwra w* be a noma) wMkduy 

service today. 

Tomorrow and Smdiy: Norma) ser- 
vices on most routes. Control major 
e ng lnaermq worfca between Preston and 
Cartels Ml resuB in the aver si on of 
AngkhScaofsh seraoas, toow approad- 
maow two hours to your iournoy vna. 

Monday: Modified weekday service 
witti some aaifr morning and mevenfeig 
trains baingwfifidrawn. Southern Region 
wOi haw a umday servicB. but trains wB 
nm later &i me evening an many roues, 
some stations namely etaaeden Sunday 
w* remain open. 


TIitm- 9 portfatlo Cold rules ere as 

1 Times Portfolio « free. Purchase 
of Trie Times Is nor a condMoe of 
taldne pan. 

2 Times Parumo US com p r is es a 
oup or puw com pani es wnose 

snares are Usted On aw Stock 
Exchange and auofed In The Ttma 
Slock Exchange prices page. The 
companies composing mat list wsi 
from day 10 

change from day lo day The list 
rwtuch Is numbered 1 -42) is divided 
Into four randomly lUjmbutM groups 
of ii dam. Every Partfana card 
contains Iwo ntunbers (Tom each 
group and each card co n Bi ns a 
unioue srl of numbers. 

5 Times portfolio ■dlvtdend' win br 
the figure in pence which represents 
the opuminn movement in prices Hr. 
the Ingest Increase or lowest has) of a 
romMnanao of eight awo from each 
randomly dMrtttaedgroup within the 
44 shares) of the 44 shares which on 
any . one .day comprise The Times 
Portfolio list. 

4 The daily dhTdend wo be 
an n o u nced each day and the weekly 
dividend win be announced each 
Saturday In The Times. 

6 Times ftoroouo IM and details of 

6 V the overall price m o veme nt or 
more than one comUxiaoan of shares 
eguab the dividend, the prize wtu be 
equally divided among the ctaimanB 
holding those combinations of shat — 

7 AU claims are sutMect to scnitW 
before payment. Any Times PortigUo 
car d thax> defaced, ta mper e d with or 
incorrectly printed In any way win be 
declared voul 

B Emoknwes of News International 
and iu sutxMMrtn and or 
Europruu Croup Lbiuled (producers 
and dWrihutors of the card) or 
members or their immediate families 
allowed » play Times 

9 AB jwWpMs wiH be suMect us 
these Rules. Aflbtstrucbons on -haw 
lo Play" and “howto ctaun- whetn^ 
PySned pi The Time s, or to Times 
Pmtf oho cards «do be deemed to be 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves the right to amend the Rules. 

a-i2Jr The Editor’s 

decision to final and no correspon- 
dence will be entered into. 

XI ULfOr aw reason. The Times 

Prices Page W not published tn the 
normal way Times Portfolio wfD be 
su spe nd ed for that day. 

How to pby - Oaky DtvMsad 

On each day your untaue set of ek 
numbers war represent comriicrdaJ 
and industrial shares pubttstied IB The 
Time* Portfolio ust whicn wtu apoear 
on the Stock exchange Prices oage. I 

In the columns provided next to 
your shares note the price change (+ 
or ■}. in pence, as publlshM la that 
day's Times. 

ah f PS?* chuntes of 
your eight shares for that day. add up 
aU eigm stare changes to give you 
your overall total plus or mhren r+ or • 

Check your overall total against The 

won outright or a share of the total 
prize money staled for that day and 
must claim your prise as hatnuted 

Add these together to defenntpe 
your weekly Portfolio total: 

If . yo ur. ig|ai m atches the pUbUshcd 
mvwend flue you have won 
}J*. 3 sharrof toe prim money 
stated tor t hat week, and must claim 
your prim as Instructed below. 


You must have your card with you 
when you tetepnooe. 

If you are unable to te le phone 
someo n e rise can rialni on you* Mail 
out they must have your card and can 
The Times Pomona clatms Une 
betw e en the stipulated times. 

No rewonsttMUiy can be accepted 
for failure to contact the dbimoflkr 
for any reason wtnuit the stated 

The above instructions are am 
pucane id boa daily and weekly 
dividend claims. 


An anticylcone over the 
southern Baltic. will, de- 
cline slowly and drift £. A 
depression is expected to 
develop to the SW of 
Britain, with a warm S to 
SE airstream covering 

• 6 am to midnight 

London, Mdtands. Wales, NW, 
central N England: Sumy periods 
after early mist patches, ctianoe of a 
shower rater: wind SE moderate; 
max temp 18C(64F). 

SE England; Ent AngGa: Sunny 
periods becoming more cloudy wttn 
chance of a shower later, wind SE 
moderate; max- temp 19C (66F), 
cooler on coasts. 

Central S, SW England, Channel 
Manta: Sunny intervals after earty 
mist patches, chance of a shower 
later, tog patches on channel 
coasts: wind SE moderate; max 
temp 17C(B3F). cooler on coasts. 

E, IE England, Borders, Edto- 

I NOON TODAY Pt*»urw h tbown i» mUtBton FRONTS Worm Cold 



Shetland: Rather cloudy, coasted 
fog patches, some sunny intervals, 
especially intend; wind SE mod- 
erate: max tamp 14C (57F), but 
rather cold near coasts. 

Lake District; Isle of Men, SW, 
NE, NW Scotland, Glasgow, Con- 
tral H&datKta, Moray Fbm, Argyll, 
Northern fretandb Rates' ctoudy. a 
little drizzle in places, but swxty 
intervals developing; wind S or SE 
fight max temp 17C (63F). 

Outtook for tomorrow and Sun- 
day: Generafiy stouter, but out- 

High Tides 

Commons (9.30]: Children 

and Young Persons (Amend- rr « 

mem) Bill and other Bills. 1 OWCT Ullage 

remaining stages. 

Lords (Ilk Debate on EEC Tower Bridge will be raised 
maritime transport policy. today at 9.45am approximately. 

( Sea te w * Sin Set* 
&31 am 825 pm 

MoanitoBK Moon seta: 
351 am 1.03 pm 

New moon: May & 

Li ghttn g-np tune 

London 855 pm to 5P0 am 

Bristol SJ}4 pm to 5.09 am 

b-Uuc sky: br-Uut sky and cloud: e- 
ctoujty: cwjvercast f-foq-. d drtzzk*: h- 
hail: .mten uw: r-rato: hkow; m- 
tnunaemorni: Mho w p -t 
Arraw y «>crw wUM direction, wind 
*«dOnp»») circled. Tennmture 






lonoflfl DnaoB 







34 10.11 









































! sr mJ 
















45 11.08 

















wwu niron 


















































Around. Britain 

EJ nb u wb 9 33 pm to 4^6 am 
Man ei i e stor 9.10 pm to 5J1 pm 
Ronrenca 9.12 pm to 525 am 


Tampanmnes at midday yesterday: c, 
cloud; t, tom r, rain; s. sun. 

C F C F 

jjekwt a 1457 Guernsey a 1355 
gl Bi teia w s 1763 kmncH s 1661 
Btoctoool s 1763 Jaauf S 1S53 
Bristol 9 1559 London a 1864 
C anfiH s 1355 VnctMer s 1661 
gdMatfflb S 1559 Hwtu la s 1864 
Glasgow s 1559 ffuldsway c 946 

hro In 

Seartjoro 6 jD 
B rid ta gte a 1.7 - 

Cromar S2 . 

Itoggtg w 

Wad B a a 102 

Haottegs 8.8 
Easfboumg 7.3 
Brighton 4.7 
Worthing 5.3 
Lkhtoria ' 4.4 
BomiorR 7 A 

The pound 

Austria Sch 
Canada 8 
Germany Om 


Italy Lira 
Japan Van 
Witiailundi can 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Eac 
South Africa Rd 
SwdHKr - 
Svdtzeriand Fr 


Ratos far smai donon ri na ugn twk noiaa 
of*f as suppted dy-Banaajrs Bank PLC. 
Batofi Prica Index: 

London: The FT Max dosed down 208 
S 1374,0. 

nw*., PrlnMd by London Post (Prtnt- 


Boumaorih 52 


ToiffOTOuOi 8JS 
Torquay 8.0 
MtoMh 10.1 

P o w owoe iai 
4snwy 92 
G uo ro ony GL3 . 

ScOy talas 102 

Newquay 156 

Sun Bain 
- Ira in 

__ gkacotoba 72 22 

1 ta*9|ri Ttnfay • 56 
1 cloudy .Cotary u Bay 55 AO 

sunny Mo iacam he 12 ,40 

Douglas 12 25 

LomSob 72 - ' 

sunny BUraaAkpt 50 
briottt BrtataftCWI 10,1 - ■ 

brS* CanM (CtrQ 72 - - 

bright Angtoam 22 .15 

B*poo( Airpt • 22 .11 

ctoudy M an c bssto r .4.1 

sunny «OtlIngl«M 32 - ■ 

3=5 sss’"” n ; 


Ete n h w g b 12 26. 

»my BeMast 
tro Wednesday's flpxaa 

. Abroad 

tehc. domed, drizzle; f, fate fg. tog; r, rate: s.sun; an, snow: t, thindsr. 




C F C F 

s 16 64 Cotogna s 19 66 

s 22 TO Cptagi* C 11 52 

f 21 70 Corfu a 16 61 

s 20 68 DuMo b IS 59 

s 17 63 Dufarvok f 26 77 

1 19 66 Fore s 21 70 

S 83 91 Ftoraoctf* C 19 66 

C F C 

s 19 66 Mona S 20 
C 31 52 jhliflO s 21 
a 16 61 HWto s 19 
s 15 59 M bT aa q 15 
f 26 77 MbcoC 
s 21 70 Hamr S 31 
c 19 68 Waa . , s 24 


68 Bonw 
70 SMiburg 
66 SPtorio- 
58 SPriaco* 

S 29 §4. ftanfcfto t '« 19-66 Mp<W« T 8 19 
S 18 64 FrincM c 17 63 Moscow S 14 

s 21 70 Otoarar 
6 J6 61 JfataMd 

■ 16 61 tarataek 
s 16 61 IWntaa 
s 18 64 Joddab 

. Budapat 
Cape Tb 

1 3 17 63 Jotara 
0 22 72 Karachi 
* 24 75 L Potato 
s 30 86 Ltabon 
4 -SI 70 Lnoarog 
c 21 70 Lusantoi 
r 18 84 LAotwte 
c 12 54 Madri d 

C 17 63 MOSCOW 
s 16 61 Misrich 
s 19 66 N a taoM 

I 27 81 N%M- 
f J7 63 N Yak 
f 20 68 Nko 
■ 36 87 Qatar 
' Paris 

•S 36 95 Paktog 
d 18 64 Forth 
* 22 72. Piagaa ' 
a 22 72 BayMvtk 
a 17 63-Moaaa 

88 Saoal 

DO ottlK 

57 Straat 

fi k*?9* y f « 70 Wyadh a 3i 
54 Madrid a 19 68 ModtJ . a 2S 
'denom Wednesdays figures ore Uesti 

to Tiatoar 
.72 .TMAviv 
88 Tenerife 

■ 79 Taranto* 
45 Tunis .. 
64 VWenoto- 
79 VaacVwr 
75 Vwrietf 
.41 Wtostav 
66 WmabrtsxT 


C F 
■ 23 73 
f 16 61 
f 23 73 
8 15 58 
S 24 75 
r 12 54 
f 31 88 
S 14 57 
8 18 64 
*18 84 
C 21 70 
* 22 72 
I 20 66 
T 20 68 
c 16 61 
f 19 GS 
8 '2D 68 
fi 8 46 
S 25 77 
tf?8 64 
*18 84 
S 24 75 
s ir 63 
c 15 58 

hr" * 

■■r 1 

-Je ■ ' mf 


7 .{?; •■ • . 

J ail« 

iw 1 / " 







if.-r?". - •/— • 

.. . 




at i* 

. . -• •■■■*? 


► ■ .V 1 " 


_ , „ H • 

-I**' " 

% rntit’C •' 

Ti A» 

irt - 



r*. -.u s- 






J- ‘ 


ai j ■>-•«- ' 





* - : ^ ri" 

' **” ... 

• - _ * 




■“ ..• ^ 

’ . .. •-*• 







FT 30 Share 

1374.0 (-20.9) 

FT-SE 100 

1640.1 (-20.4) 

USM (Datastrec 

120.26 (-0.25) 


US Dollar 
1.5290 (-0.0210) 

W German mark 
3.3653 (+0.0080) 

76.3 (-0.2) 

British shares lose £3.2bn 
after Wall Street slide 

A combination of thelargest 
on^day fell on Wall Street’s 
Dow Jones industrial average 
and a hefty rights Issue from 

the Prudential insurance 



The committee of Lloyd’s 
insurance market has ordered 
two syndicates run by Posgate 
& Den by underwriting agency 
to cease writing new business, 
because they could not secure 
the necessary errors and omis- 
sions cover beyond April 3ft 

Marine syndicate 488/332 
and non-marine syndicate 839 
stopped writing business yes- 
terday. The other P&D syndi- 
cates have been transferred to 
alternative agencies with the 
approval of the committee. 

The two suspended syndi- 
cates are thought to have a 
capacity of about £110 mil- 
lion. Mr Michael Bassett, 
managing director of P&D 
said the board was making 
efforts to enable the syndicates 
to start trading again within 
days rather than weeks. 

Minet growth 

Minet Holdings, the Lloyd’s 
insurance broker, made tax- 
able profits in 1983 of £30 
million, a rise of 28.7 per cent 
The total dividend was raised 
28.4 per cent to 8p. 

Tempus, page 19 

TPS debut 


wiped off the value of shares 
as the FT 30-share index lost 
21.8 points to 1371] and the 
100-share FT-SE indicator 
tumbled 20.4 points to 1640.1. 
All the dama g e, was inflicted in 
the morning as the London 
market opened more than 33 
points lower on the FT-SE 
index as jobbers marked down 
prices to detersellers scared by 
the sharp fells on Wall Street 
and rumours of the Prudential 

The first hour was 

recouping about half of these 
losses but the rally ran out of 
steam and prices slipped 


City analysts said the equity 
market, which rose strongly in 
the first quarter of the year on 
the outlook for lower interest 
rates and oil (trices, has started 
to become more sensitive to 
shortrtenh factors. 

By Richard Lander . 

Gilts followed a similar 
patteni to equities, with a 
midday rally failing to stick. 
Prices of some bonds closed as 



La particular, institutions 
are thought to be worried 
about having enough cash to 
pay for various share commit- 
ments. The £337 million Pru- 
dential issue comes after last 
month's £406 million rights 
call from Saatchi and Saatriii 
and the large placing of 
Guinness shares in the wake of 
its successful bid for Distillers. 

Wednesday's slump on 
Wall Street was the second 
sharp loss in a row. The Dow 
-Jones industrial average fell 
41 ,9i points to 1,783-98 after 
dropping IS - points on 

Analysts attributed the 
change in sentiment in New 
York to worries over the 
American economy and the 
$14.5 billion trade deficit 
recorded' in March. Share 
selling by operators .in the 

stock index futures markets 
was also noted. 

According to one 
traden“There was a feeling 
over there that they'd had all 
the good news about ofl and 
interest rates and it was a good 
time to take profits.** 

On the foreign exchange 
markets, the pound fell to 
$1.5287 firun $1.55 on 
Wednesday in very quiet trad- 
ing ahead of next week’s 
economic s ummi t in Tokyo, 
while the sterling trade- 
weighted index fell 02 to 76.3. 
The dollar was generally 

buoyant after remarks by the 
- " - ~ ’esoank. 

president of the Bundes 
Herr Kari-Otto Pohl who said 
he did not want to see the 
dollar drop further against the 

TSB gives 
free with 

Technology Project Ser- 
vices is joining the stock 
market via a placing of 1.97 
million shares at !40p each, 
valuing the whole company at 
£6.7 million. Dealings are 
expected to start on May 8. 

Tempos, page 19 

Wellcome dip 

Profits at WeScome, the 
pharmaceuticals company, 
dipped from £71 million to 
£642 million in foe six 
months to March f. Turnover 
was down from £507 million 
to £498 mflion. As expected, 
there is no interim dividend. 

Tempos, page 19 

Bid approach 

West Midlands iron 
which manufac tures drainage 
products and manbote covers, 
said yesterday an approach 
had been received . which 
could lead to an offer for the 
company. The shares jumped 
14p to I26p, valuing -the 
company at £20 milli on. 

Scotch cheer 

Scotch exports ros e 4 p er 
cent in the first quarter, 
compared with the same peri- 
od oflast year, according to 
the Scotch Whisky Associa- 
tion. Earning s on the exports 
were at a record £244 million, 
an 8 per cent rise. 

Barham leaps 

Barham Group, whose in- 
terests include advertising ser- 
vices, stock market 
investment newsletters and 
property, raised pretax profits 
by 140 per cent last year to 
£1.39 million. Turnover dur- 
ing the year more than dou- 
bled to £10.9 million against 
£4.94 million. The dividend 
goes up from !2p a share to 


Agency grows 

Wight Collins Rutherford 
Scott, the advertising agency, 
is about to embaikon a big 
expansion drive. It is acquir- 
ing agencies in Britain and tire 
US, stock market sources said. 
The British agency is under- 
stood to be SCO, which has 
annual billings of£lS million. 

By Richard Thomson 
Banking Correspondent 
The competition in the 
mortgage market as the house- 
buying season gets into full 
swing intensified yesterday 
when the Trustee Savings 
Bank announced a new home 
loan package. 

- It includes a one percentage 
point cnl in its home lorn rate, 
the offer of free house contents 
insurance and a loan guaran- 
tee certificate to ' new 

The offer of free home 
contents insurance — so for 
offered by no other lenders — 
is the latest in a series of 
special portages put out by 
mortgage institutions to at- 
tract new customers in .an 
increasingly competitive 

The TSB is reducing its 
mortgage rate from 12J to 
1 1.5 per cenL Although that is 
half a point above the rates 
by most banks and 
societies, it includes 
r protection insurance 
oh the Bra £50,000 of a loan. 
The bank says the cost of the 
insurance accounts for the 
extra 0.5 per cent charged on 
its mort g age rate. 

The TSB is introducing free 
home contents insurance to 
new borr o wers unto Septem- 
ber 30, although the offer may 
be extended. Tbe bank said 
that the saving on standard 
contents insurance cover 
would range from around £30 
to £270 a year but most 
customers would save about 
£60 as a result of the offer. 

The new mortgage package 
indudes a loan guarantee 
certificate valid for three 
months from the acceptance 
ofa mortgage application. The 
certificate will . guarantee the 
borrower a loan up to a 
specified amount during the 
three months as long as bis 
chosen property meets the 
TSB’s security requirements. 

The certificate is designed 
to ease a buyer’s negotiations 
with vendors and estate agents 
by giving him secure proof of 
access to a home loan. 

Although other 

institutions, such as Barclays 
and National Westminster 
banks, offer similar m 
guarantee certificates tbe ' 
contents insurance offer is so 
far unique in tbe mortgage 

• Mortgage tending by the 
building sodeties appears to 
be about to set a record, 
according to estimates for 
April by the Building Societies 
Association yesterday. 

It estimates commitments 
at above £3 billion, £200 
milli on more than the record- 
set in October. 

Advances should also reach 
record levels. 




MK Elect 

Bnckhouse Dudtoy 


Ftowntree , 

goosey & Hawfces 
Associated b«*t 
Atfken Hume . — 
Comments! Micro 
MMT Computing 
eM Group 

RoDertS Adlaed 

gbe Circle . 
BT . — 

Taie & Lyfe 
Babcock ~ 

Delta Grms» 

Tozer KBOtsley — 

Lee Cooper 



■gunpaawt woney 


London FUtey 



225.75 1 

yfera gn^U&flO — -> 


1782L88 (-1.12) 

New York 
Dow Jones 

N«Sdow 157EL65 (-42^5) 

Sydney: AO 1Z123 (+2JJ 


Commerzbank — N/r 

Brussefcc - • 

General ,.»_58&35 

Paris: CAC 


SKA General: 54090 (same) 


LondME - 
C$ 1.5290 
C DM35653 
£ SwFr2.8179 
C n=rt0.7l06 
Clndex: 76,3 

New York: 

$: DM22010 

S: Index: 1145 

ECU £0.838065 
SDR £ 0.760991 


London: ' 


■.3-meum mwetx wkJP&zA . . 
5400(181 efcfpte «Bs:lO-9 s . , 32% _ 
buying rate 

Prune Rate 850% 

£357m cash call 
by Prudential 


By Alison Eadie 

Prudential Corpora- 
tion, Britain's largest life as- 
surance company, yesterday 
announced a £357 miHion 
rights issue, the second hugest 
rights issue this year and the 
fourth largest on record. 

The one-fbr-five issue of 
603 million new shares Iras 
been priced at a substantial 
discount of 6Q0p against a 
dosing market price yesterday 
of tire Pro’s shares at 867p, 
down 25p. 

The rights issue is unusual 
in that it has not been under- 
written, something that has 
surprised the City where the 
Prudential earns significant 
underwriting fees. 

The decision not to have 
underwriters was made to give 
maximum benefit to share- 
holders. The saying will come 
to about £7 million. 

Mr Mick Newmarch, chief 
executive of Prudential Port- 
folio Managers, said that tbe 
money from the rights issue 
was not earmarked for any- 
thing specific, but was to show 
the Pm was alert to the large 
nranber of opportuniles aris- 
ing out of the deregulation of 
financial services and the big 

The Pm has entered new 
areas including estate agency, 
unit trusts and mortgage fi- 

Mick Newmarch: Pth alert 
to big opportunities 

nance: It has bought two 

chains of ag£DtS and hag 

stated its intentions of build- 
ing up a 500 drain of retail 

ICI wins 
battle over 
ethane tax 
‘grant aid 9 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 

It is presently ne g o tiati n g 
with other agents, but expects 
the growth to he incremental 
rather than in fell swoops. 

The Holborn Unit Trust 
division, started a year ago, 
now has £134 million under 
management . and the Pro 
estimates it has attracted 
30,000 new buyers. ~ 

Its mortgage business has 
also been expanding, although 
it is only at the moment acting 
as a broker for Citibank and 
does not lend its own money. 

BP delays development 
of big N Sea oil field 

By Teresa Poole 

British Petroteran has for 
foe first ihna postponed the 
development of a big North 
Sea field because of the fall in 
world oil prices. 

Sir Peter ^ Walters, the drair- 
nran, said yesterday that plans 
fat the Miller field would be 
deferred for at least a year. 
Miller has reserves of about 
360 million barrels and its 
development was scheduled to 
start this year. This has now 
been put track to next summer 
at the earliest, leading to 
production by 1992. 

The field was discovered by 
Conoco m 1983 and, despite 
the cofiapsing oO price, has 
been considered one of the 
more robust of the recent 
North Sea projects. BP has 
nmghly a half share and the 
rest is owned by Conoco, 
Enterprise Q3, and Santa Fe. 

Sir Peter gave warning at 
BFs annual meeting that low- 
er ofl prices woald mean losses 
on company oil stocks of £500 
million daring foe first force 
months of this year, not in- 

Shr Peter Walters: Thin king 
of reappraising strategy 

He said there ought have to 
be a reappraisal of BP'S 
exploration strategy as funda- 
mental as that undertaken 

over foe past five years in foe 
refining and marketing busi- 

“The projected upstream 
expenditure has already been 
reduced by 20 per cent for 
1986. But it is the longer-term 
develoment of fields that is 
particularly in jeopardy,” he 

Sir Peter called on foe 
Governmentto revise radically 
the taxation policy in foe 
North Sea to provide financial 
resources for new investment. ' 

He pointed out that petro- 
leum revenue tax was in- 
creased in 1983 when high oil 
prices led to windfall profits 
for oil companies. 

Imperial Chemical Indus- 
tries yesterday won the final 
round of a four-year battle 
with tbe Government over lax 
concessions given to its main 
oil rivals. 

The House of Lords refused 
to allow the Government to 
challenge a Court of Appeal 
ruling last Febuaiy in ICTs 

The Court of Appeal had 
ruled that tax concessions 
enjoyed by Shell, Esso and BP 
on the supply of the gas 
mixture ethane to affiliated 
companies constituted a “plan 
to grant aid” to the oil 

Yesterday's decision is a 
serious blow for Shell and 
Esso's £500 million Moss- 
morran petrochemical plant 
in Fife. 

The new plant uses ethane 
as its feed stock and would 
have benefited from the tax 

The Inland Revenue con- 
ceded last night that it would 
now probably have to abide by 
the Appeal Court decision ana 
revise any valuation of ethane 
applied for tax purposes. 

ICI had claimed that the 
ethane tax concessions would 
have serious consequences for 
its own petrochemical plant at 
Wilton, Teesside, and could 
mean redundancies among 
foe plant's 9,000 workforce. 

The Wilton plant uses naph- 
tha gas as a raw material and 
would have been put at a 
competitive disadvantage by 
foe tax concessions eqjoyed by 
ethane-fed plants. 

BP'S ethylene making plant 
at Grangemouth, near Edin- 
burgh, also enjoys the ethane 
tax concessions. 

Tbe Government’s decision 
to make ethane a special case 
was an important factor in 
persuading Esso and Shell to 
go ahead with tbe 
Mossmorran project in 1981. 

Previously, the two oil com- 
panies had made clear the 
plant would not be built 
without financial assistance 
from the Government 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Cathay flotation leaver 
BA on the runway 

The demand for shares in Cathay 
Pacific Airlines has proved 
overwhelming in Hong Kong, appar- 
ently surprising Baring Brothers but 
few others. Swire Pacific and the 
Hongkong Bank (which previously 
split ownership 70-30) have sold 22.5 
per cent of the highly profitable 
international airline largely for politi- 
cal reasons — to establish Cathay as 

an indisputably Hong Kong business 
transfer of the colony 

in front of the 
to China. So 7.5 per cent was passed 
to big local Chinese interests, prin- 
cipally Li Kashing’s Cheung 
Kong/Hutchison empire, with a fur- 
ther 6.5 per cent reserved for staff and 
local fund managers. In the event, the 
flotation was 55 times over- 
subscribed, with investors putting up 
a total of HK$51 billion (£4.25 

After the tremendous welcome 
City analysts are already expecting 
the shares to open at between HK$5 
and HKS5.30 compared with the 
issue price of HKS3.88 when dealings 
start on May 15. There is already a lu- 
crative grey market in the Far East 

The distinction between the Ca- 
thay Pacifies and Singapore Airlines 
of the airline busines and predomi- 
nantly European and transatlantic 
carriers such as British Airways or 
KLM is striking. Cathay is forecast- 
ing earnings of at least HK$1 billion 
(£85 million) for the year but 
optimists are hoping for more, given 
buoyant traffic and some fall in fuel 
prices. Yet that will be accomplished 
with only 20 aircraft compared with 
nearly 160 at BA, which will do well 
to have earned much more than £200 
million pretax for the year just ended. 
Policies on aircraft depreciation and 

sales account for some of the dif- 
ference, but the real difference is that 
Cathay and SIA are young, fast- 
growing airlines, serving a lot of long- 
haul routes with young, modem 

BA has a relatively young fleet 
overall by big airline standards, but 
still needs to spend £500 million a 
year for the next 10 years to replace 
its ageing fleet of jumbos. That 
process will not be helped by remain- 
ing in the public sector. Yet the 

prospects of flotation seem to push 
further beyond the horizon by the 

week. Lord King and his men now 
have to face the aftermath of Libya, 
although at least fuel prices are now 
moving in the right direction. 

The latest twist, the prospect of 
some further deregulation of Euro- 
pean routes after Wednesday’s judg- 
ment in the European Court, could go 
either way. BA certainly welcomes 
the move and is confident that it will 
be able to obtain a bigger share of 
markets against some flabby flag 
airlines, particularly in southern Eu- 
rope, if the judgment really has some 
effect But BA sees price flexibility in 
terms of special fares to fill planes 
rather than cuts on the businessman's 
routes and it remains to be seen if the 
licensing authorities open the door 
for a round of Laker-style 

In Whitehall’s eyes, if not the 
City’s, the prospect of more Euro- 
pean deregulation seems unlikely to 
hasten the flotation of the world's 
favourite airline. It will have to grit 
its teeth as its Pacific cousins follow 
each other into the financial 

Sticky issues for sugar 

Tate & Lyle is well aware that its 
highly provisional counter-bid for 
S&W Berisford raises issues far 
beyond the conventional conun- 
drums of takeover battles. The 
competition with Hillsdown and 
conceivably with others is fun- 
damentally about the future and 
structure of the sugar industry in this 
country. Hillsdown so far has re- 
mained discreet on the deeper im- 
plications of its bid; as a potential 
monopoly Tate & Lyle had no choice 
but to bnng it out into the open. 

Tbe rival offers also raise questions 
about British monopolies legislation, 
which now seems, not least in the way 
it is interpreted by the Office of Fair 
Trading, the Monopolies Commis- 
sion and the Department of Trade, a 
faded and anachronistic copy of 
American statutes, drafted in another 
era for a different set of problems. 

By deliberately shifting its ground 
from arguments about a potential 
national monopoly where it is vulner- 
able to the realities of European 

competition Tate & Lyle has chal- 
lenged, as indeed Guinness did in its 
successful pursuit of Distillers, the 
narrow concepts normally applied in 
Britain. In essence does it make sense 
for a monopoly to be judged by 
domestic criteria when thebusiness is 
international and .open to com- 
petition from powerful foreign rivals? 

There is a third tier of argument 
about the bids for British Sugar. They 
should prod the Government out of 
the complacency which has charac- 
terized national sugar policy for too 

Tate’s bid stems partly from 
increasing concern about thin refin- 
ing margins. Behind the desire to take 
over British Sugar is the real danger 
that cane refining in Britain will cease 
one day. Yet the Government pro- 
fesses to want competition in the 
market. How is this to be maintained 
if — historically extraordinary as it 
may seem — Tate were to close its 
refineries? This week's interim fig- 
ures showed clearly that cane sugar 
refining is not profitable enough. 

Shell last night declined to 
comment on tbe implications 
of the House of Lords 


Schroder Unit Trust Portfolio 
Management Service. 

Board post 

Mr Hugh Jenkins, former 
head of the National Coal 
Board Pension Fund, has 
joined the board of Allied 
Dunbar Assurance, foe unit- 
linked insurance group. Mr 
Jenkins will be group invest- 
ment director with overall 
responsibility for Allied funds 
under management of more 
than £4 billion. 

Bank and Treasury poised 
for battle over base rates 

Differences of opinion be- 
tween foe Treasury and tbe 
Bank of England on the pace 
of the decline in base rates are 
likely to come to a head next 

On Tuesday, tbe Bank will 

S mblish money supply figures 
or the April banlnng month, 
which are expected to show a 
sharp rise - in tbe sterling -M3 
money measure. . 

Market estimates point to a 
sterfiTigM3 rise of 2J dr 3 per 
cent in -banking April which 
would .leave foe 12-monfo 
growth rate above 16 per cent, 
compared with a target range 
of 11 to 15 percent 
There will be special factors 
the April figures, notably 
ilte likely surge m borrowing 
by companies to take advan- 
tage of 1985-86 capital allow- 
ances. According to 'some 
estimates, these could have 
produced a rise of £3.5 billion 
in tank tending Iasi month. 

Despite this, Bank officials 
will be inclined to take foe 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

April money supply figures, 
with data showing unit wage 
and salary costs xn manufac- 
turing rising at about 7 per 
cent a year, as cause for 
extreme caution on base rates: 
However, the Chancellor. 

Mr Nigel Lawson, has said 
that inflation should be tbe 
judge and jury of monetary 
policy, and foe Treasury ap- 
pears to be happy to see base 
rates fall as long as the 
recorded inflation rate is fall- 
ing and foe pound’s value is 
holding np. 

The inflation rate is expect- 
ed fe fall to about 32 per cent 
in April, compared with 4.2 
per cent in March. And foe 
pound, despite its fall against 
the dollar yesterday as dealers 
hedged foeir bets against pos- 
sible outcomes of the Tokyo 
summit next week, does not 

coming months. The Bank 
confirmed yesterday that, af- 
ter foe Treasury's freeing of 
the short-term commercial par 
per market on Tuesday, com- 
mercial paper issues will not 
be included in any of the 
monetary aggregates. 

Tbis is despite foe fact that, 
if commercial paper replaces 
tank lending, foe sterling M3 
measure of foe money supply 
will be artificially reduced. 

Mr Roger Bootle, econo- 
mist at Lloyds Merchant 
Bank, says that commercial 
paper should be included in 
the broad money aggregate 
PSL (Private Sector Liquidity) 
1. But Bank officials indicated 
yesterday that this argument 
was not accepted. 

The freeing of the commer- 
cial paper market was not for 
monetary control purposes. 

investors should expect 
both gains and losses. 



★ The benefits of Schroder investment 

★ Excellent performance record: 

Schroder UK Equity Fund 
over 3 years + 106% 
over 5 years + 254% 

★ The administration. 

★ Day to day investment decisions. 

★ Timing worries. 

★ Choice of 4 portfolios: 

Capital Growth Lower Risk 
Capital Growth Higher Risk 
Income Portfolio 
Monthly income. 

★ Free Share Exchange Scheme. 

★ 2 %% discount on switching. 

★ Withdrawal Ran to provide high ‘net 
income' to Higher Rate Taxpayers. 

★ Proven effective administration. 

At a time when the uncertainties of 
world markets underline the need for 
professional management, we are 
pleased to be able to offer this 
service bringing 
Schroder management 
to investors of £10,000 
and over. 

'iSouice Rsnoea Savings Did 80 
oner io CM net meome ranwesefl) 

Ttt Sdwoda r Unit TnatManagwB Unwed. 

FREEPOST. Hogal House, London WIC2E 88R. Ter 01 -836 B731 

ttww send me you- trvehum and farther wformaflofi 



Name of Adviser 
(if applicable) 

^Schroder Financial Management 

present a barrier to lower rates, although if the market devel- 
Interpreting foe stance of ops h will be taken into 
British monetary policy, al- account in assessing growth in 
ready difficult, win become sterling M3 and foe other 
evenSnore complicated in foe biped money aggregates. 


i ' 



■ • 

















• a 






• ' 




• a 

P “ 



















# * c : 





• o ; 



•d ‘ 





s„ ’ 

;X __ 

c * 

*S “ 

•d ' 

•l- - 
•** > 







•li : 

•r. . 


• ir 

1 X 

# d 








•i- ‘ 


•> * 


• L - 


•r f 


•d ,• 


•te . 


•ly ; 




• -. ■ 


ie < 
•t> •? 








: io* 


. - - •” J ••• • • 


i ri£ i 1M£S FRIDAY MAY 2 1986 

* » fr -flr » » 5L 



New York (Renter) — Wall 
Street shares extended Wed 
nesday's losses at the start of 
trading yesterday, moving low- 
er on sheer momentum, trad- 
ers said. 

Shares ignored a modest 
early rise in credit markets 
and the dollar, which ndjght 
have been viewed as bullish. 
Carryover selling and weaker 
technical factors took pre- 

The Dow Jones indnstrial 
average dropped 5.95 points to 
1,778.03, adding to the week’s 
decline that began at the hi gh 
of about 1*850. Declines led 
advances by three to one on a 
volume of 19.1 million shares. 

The catalyst for the seOoff 
has been the Soviet nuclear 
disaster hot investors have 
been increasingly skittish over 
interest rates and the econo- 
my, traders said. 


% % 

9 % 


ASA 36% 

Allied Signal 51% 

Allied Stre 39 H 

AHb CWnrs 5 
Alcoa •#>*» 

Amaxlnc 1*% 

Am rda Hs 20*4 

Am Brands 94% 

Am Biocast n/a 
Am Can 70 
Am Cvnmd 69 
AmElPwr 26 
Am Express 60 'i 
Am Home 83% 
Am Hospital n/a 
Am Motors 3% 

Am St’nrd 42 S 

Am Teiepn 24% 

Amoco 58% 

Arnico Steal 10% 

A&arco t8’4 

Ashland Oil 52% 

AiRKhtekJ 51% 

Avon Prods 31 S 

BKrsTstNY 47’, 

Bankamer 17*. 

Bk of Bston 35:. 

Bank of NY 65 
B&atrceFds n/a 

59% Exxon Corp 
37 Fad Dpt Sts 
52 v« Firestone 
40*. Pst cncago 
5% Fst Im Bncp 
40':- Fst Panne 
14*4 Fort 
20% FTWachva 
96*. GAFCorp 
n/a GTE Com 
71% Gen Care 
72% Gen Dy'mcs 
26% Gen Electric 
61 Gen Inst 
64% Gen Mills 
n/a Gen Motors 
3% GnPbUtny 
43% Ganesco 
25% Georgia Pac 
59% QSete 
IDS Goodrich 

52% Gould Me 
52% Grace 
31 V. GtAttSTac 
48 Qr'hnd 
171'. Gmman Cor 
36% GuffEWaa 
66 HeeeHJ. 
n/a Hercules 



Plate Mrs 

Philips Pet 






RCA Com 



Royal Dutch 


Sara Lee 



Scott Paper 
Seers Rbefc 
Shell Trans 

Smthldn Bk 90X 
Sony 22% 

, SthCafEd 29 
SperryCorp 55 
StdOiOtao 43% 
Sterling Dm 44% 
SievensJP 33 

Central SW 30% 
Champion 26% 

Chase Rfen 4SH 
Ohm 8k NY 53H 
Chevron 36% 
Chrysler 36% 
Citicorp 59% 
Clark Equip 22% 
Coca Cola 111*4 


18 % 


45 !4 








1C Irak 











Inland Steel 






28 % 



Texas ECor 







Texas test 


3* '■ 



"■( 3 % 


Texas Utfts 










Int Paper 







mi Tel Tel 







fnrtnq Bjnk 



UAL hx: 










54 V.- 

Kaser Aiurn 



Un Carbide 




Kerr McGee 



Un Pac Cor 


31% KntoTyCbk 
26% KMart 
47% Kroger 
54% L.T.V. Corp 
39 Litton 
37% Lockheed 
61% Lucky Strs 
23% ManH'mer 
115% ManvWeCp 
39 Mapco 
132% Marine Mtd 

Utd Brands 

US Steel 



Jim Waiter 

Wmer Lmtrt 

Weis Fargo 





C'lmoa Gas 



Mrt Marietta 



Xerox Corp 

















Cons Eds 













Cons Power 



Mlnsta Mng 



Cntrl Data 



MOM 04 














CPC Inn 



Morgan JJ>. 

81 % 


AJgoma Sti 








Be* Tele 



Cm Zener 



NCR Com 






Dart 6 Kraft 












Nat Otstfrs 



Con Bsthtst 










n /B 







Hkr/SW Can 






Norloft Sbi 









NW Bancrp 












ImparBl Oil 



Dresser tod 






to Pipe 



Duke Power 



Ofin Corp 






Du Pont 






Ryl Trustee 



Eastern Air 



Pac Gas B 






Estm Kodak 



Pan Am 






Eaton Corn 
Emerson B 
Evans Prod 

721. PenneyJ.C. 
90% Pennzoll 

e L. or. iamc-cex 

Thmsn N ’A' n/a 
WlrKan n/a 
WCT n/a 

5S5HS yuiq 


M teta twrira i 
day's rang# 

N York 1i2sO-1.5335 
Montreal 2. 101 8-2. 11 67 
Ams'damS. 7849-3 .81 38 
Brass* 8a3&-88J» 
C'phgen 12.431 8-1 205OT 
Dufafan 1.1090-1.1125 
Frankfurt 33580-3-3845 
Lisbon 217.BO-22824 
Maend 213.84-21 5- 72 
MftanM 230340-2323^4 
Oslo 10.7827-109593 
Pans 108750-10.7821 
SYkhbn 107959-109044 
Tokyo 25053-26021 
Vienna 23.6633 87 
Zurich 20090-20358 

No figures 

3 months 
Mo figures 

markets dosed martlets closed 
due to May Day due to May Day 

W m 


mm i i 


Clearing Banks 10% 

Finance House 11% 

Discount Market Loam % 

Overnight High: 10% Low 9 
Week fixed: 1 1 % 

Treasury BOa (Discount %) 

Buying Se«ng 

2nintn 10% 2mntn KP« 

3mrtth 9'»,» 3mnth 9% 

Prime Benk BAs (Discount %) 

1 moth 10 'ra-tOUu 2mnth 10 %-Ww 
3 mntn lO-gJ'j.- Bmrah 

Trade Bate (Otscount %) 

1 mntn 11 'm 2mnth 10% 

3 mntn 10% 6mnth 10hi 

interbank (%) 

Overnighc open 1 1 % dose 8 
1 week 11V.-11 6 moth 10-9% 

1 rrmth lOK-lO 13 '* 9mnth 9*-9% 

3mnm 1014-1 0% 12m1h 9%-9% 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

1 ninth 10 % 3mnth 10% 

6mnth 9% 12mth 9% 

Local Authority Bonds (%) 

1 moth 1111-11 2mnth 11-10% 
3mmh 11 - 10 % 6mnth 10%-10K 
9 mntn l0%-9% 12mth 9%-8% 
Storing CDs (%) 

1 mnth 10«%e-l0'»m3 rrmth 1(Pi»-1(P. a 
6mnth 9'*irf"w 12 mth 9V9% 
Dolor CDs (%] 

1 mnth 6.75-6.70 3mnth 6.70-6.65 
6 mnth 865-680 12 irth B.75-6.70 


7 days fiS-fi** 
3 mnth G%-6% 

7 days 5-4% 

3 mnth 4V4% 
French FVanc 
7 days B%-8 
3 mnth 7%-7% 
Swiss Franc 
7 days 3X-3% 
3 mnth 4U-4% 

7 days 5%-5% 
3 mnth 4%-4% 

caB 7%-6% 

1 irsith 6'4«- r3 iB 
6 mnth 6V6% 
can 5-4 

1 mnth 4"i*4»w 
6 mnth 4*te-4r is 

cal 8-7 

Imith 8-7K 
6 mnth 7%-7% 
cal 2%-1% 

1 mnth 4h-4Y* 

6 rrmth 454-4 
cafl 5X-4X 

1 mnth 5-4% 

6 mnth 4%-4H 

Krugerrand* (per coin): 
$34575-347.25 (£225 75-225.75) 

5 82. 00-83.00 
"Excludes VA' 

Fixed Rate Sterflng Export Finance 
Scheme iV Avenue rat e rence rate for 
Interoat period March 5. 1988 to 
Apr! 1. 1986 Inclusive: 11.677 per 

Three Month SUritog 

Jun 86 — 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 87 — 

Sep 87 

Previous day's total op 
Tfarea Month EwodoS 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 88 

Mar 87 

US Traeswy Band 

Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 06 


Jun 86 

Sep 86 

Dec 86 

Sop 66 

Dec 86 

Mar 87 

Jun 88 

Sep 66 

a m Htab Loir dote EstVot 

36 90S 9028 9028 1436 

- 91.16 91.15 9127 91.08 280 

_ 91-35 9125 9126 9150 179 

_ 91.31 9121 9123 9127 65 

N/T 91.16 0 

Nff „ 9092 0 

i interest 1B952 

Prsviois day's total open interest 20361 
- »23 9324 9319 9320 656 

- 9323 9325 93.18 9320 1123 

... 93.12 9313 03.09 93.09 72 

- 92.90 9220 9090 9227 50 

Previous day's total open interest 7279 

- 100-06 100-28 S9-J2 9&23 5572 

N/T 98-30 0 

N/T 98C7 0 

Previous day's total open interest 1234 
_ 103-16 103-18 103-14 103-Id 138 

N/T 103-34 0 

-N/T 0 

Prevxxa day's total open interest 13205 
.. 1Z7-09 127-14 12634 12626 5079 

- 127-15 127-18 127-12 127-01 177 

N/T 127-00 0 

N/T 126-28 0 

Previous day's total open interest 1816 
.. 163.05 165.00 183J6 16L50 602 

N/T 16825 0 

The pOHDd lost gromM against 
a fins dollar yesterday, com- 
ing back to 1-5287 against 
1.5500 at Wednesday’s dose. 

Against the mark, the pound 
was a touch ahead at 3-3658 
(3-3585). The hadMvdghted 
index fell to 763 (76.5)- 

Argentina ausber 
AustnAM dokar — 

Bahrain dinar 

Brazil cruzado " _ 

Greece drachma , — - 

Hong Kong defer ___ 

bvba rupee 

Irag dinar 

Kuwait dinar KD 

Malaysia dolar 

Mexico peso 

New Zealand dollar — 

Sauffl Arabia riyal 

Singapore dollar 

South Africa rand 



— 2.0767-2-0002 


21-04- 21-17 

__ 0.7825-0.7^5 
211. 95-21 

„. iijaio-ii^ 




_ 5 -5770-5- Bl 70 
_ 3-3581-3^0 
_ 3.1601-3-1754 






S witzer la nd — 


Franca . ■ . . 



Hong Kong 





O WJoyuson and Oo report 
SUGAR pm) 

22? 190.O9M 

Gw - 202. 4-02-2 

JS 206.0-05.0 

Uueh 207A07.6 

?Z 211.2-10.0 

S3 21 5.4-1 3J) 

vgZZZZ 2782 

_ 1305-02 

— 1311-10 
_ 1335-33 

— 1365-64 
_ 1394-92 
_ 1414-11 
__ 1427-21 


1.3815-1 -3845 
















1 39^0-1 4G00 


May— — 






















. 28. 0-26.5 

24- 5-S.5 

25- 5-27 JJ 

OfflcW Turnover figreift 

Price bC per metric loom 
6ftrer In pence per troy ream 

RudoRWoBA CO. US. report 


Caen 93atW39-0 

Three months ■■■■■ — ■ — ."at 

Vex 1450 

Tone - Steadier 


Cash — 9OiW30J) 

Three Months 

Vd W 

Tone — »» 


Cash Suspended 

Three Months 



i can 

Cash 24343433 

Three Months _ 247.75-24&0 

Vbl 3450 

Tone Sbredy 


Cash 40544104 

Three Months — -~ 

Vd Nj| 

Tone — k Be 


Cash 45444554 

Three Months —. 4624-4634 

Voi 6950 

Tone Steady 

Voi — 

TOne Omet 


SSr? - 2860-3665 

Three Months Z7D5-27T0 

vm — -y° 

Tone — Ste adier 

Average tatauck prices at 
representative markets an 
May 1 

(»CaMe, 99.l8pperkg Iw 

GB; Sheep 277A2P per kg est 

OB: ^^79 6Sp per kg Iw 

Engtandand WaMx 

Cattle nos. down 15.7 ava. 


prce. 79 59rt+0 (J71 

Cstda nos. down 6-7 ■%. ava. 

1014 1019 

1014 1014 
99-5 101.2 

10A8 1016 
1094 U»3 

1103 11D3 
1C3 1023 
1024 101.5 

1014 1014 
Vet 28 

Beet Contract 


tenth Open Cose 

4a y 1090 urefted 

Urw 1850 188-5 

uty 183.0 1834 

ug 181-5 18 15 

St 1795 1805 


Spar tonne 

Sheep nos. down 515 ave. 

pnee. 277.70p{+l054) 

Pig nos. down 314 *%. avs. 
pro*. 8359PI+142) 

Spar tome 















124 2 



134 5 
Vat 4U 


_ 15350 BYR 
_ 136.75 BYR 
_ 12840 SLR 
, 12840 BYR 
_ 12725 BYR 



Three Months — 




Cash — 

Three Months — 





























Bariev — 


Cash 7834785.0 

Three Months _ 7544755.0 . 

Pig Meat 


Open Close 
1035 BXDtfK 

GJLL Freight Futures Ltd 

re ^ss^sr potet 

High/Low Ckse 
Jul66 66146474 657 • 

Oa 66 74247284 737J 

Jan 87 70547454 742 J 

Apr 87 79547954 795 J 

Ji4 87 S9SJ 

Oa 87 79SJ 

Jan 88 7S5J 

Apr 88 865J 


Vot 278 tots 


Hjtfl Low Gomany 

11B M Mm 
771 663 Max* 

149 i3i Amar Trier 
353 280 Ang Amer Sw 
190 149 AsMown 
120 107 MHkAMm 
120 SB BatAars 
3*0 159 Barn 
S 2 'a 53 Br AMS 
53 31 BfBnpreSK 

448 364 Br tw 
io? ao Bnnw 
T9Q ess CoOwH 

220 i38 Oman Jan 

138 100 DMy kv 

Ds Cap 
Drayton Core 
Drayton For East 
Drayton Japan 
Dtmdaa Lon 
Erin Nnar Aasat 

a tv YV3 

Wnea Cb'ga panca % P/E 

115 3.10 27 448 

745 ri-fl 2^8 40 354 

136 0-3 4.4 82 379 

356 88 25 58.1 

1B1 -1 44 24 572 

107 -2 05 07 .. 

119 ri'1 iSb 13447 

237 -2 1Ab 05 . . 

58 'j m-6 2.7 45 327 

44v • .. 07 laeiii 

431 -2 209D 46209 

102 LI SJ<74 

7SQ .10 30 Qb LA 372 

217 -2 UK.. 

138 .. 12X1 87 105 

343 257 
120 99 
536 480 
193 145 
345 284 
124 84’j 

140 109 
CM 480 
148 123 
147 123 
162 143 
397 322 
90k 68 
109 B2 
179 118 
150 138 

En<*sn rnt 148 

Engirt Sent 93 

&^ah NY 125 

Eneon 147 

F 4C AKanca 104 

f 1 C PacAe ’BS 

Fanwv 257 

FHiSeW tear 340 

Ur Gan 11b 
Warning American S3S 
O w n nfl Ciavar 178 
Ftonxg Eraimnaa 340 
RonVng Far 119 
Hantag Rtegfing 137 

HenWig Jaoan 054 
Barring Mart e n «B 148 
Parang Owranaa ISO 
BnDwig Taen 156 

s-a 0 *""- ^ 

SBC Crew 104 

ST Japan 175 

Graeral Funk 155 

143 42 328 
87 72 95 
&2 15 07.7 
73 41 342 
1299 30 416 
15 12 .. 
35 25529 
57 08 .. 
51 44 3&2 
39 28440 

33 21 904 
55 22 642 
21 25 575 

24b id " 
29 14807 


mgb Low Cratsaany 

279 Centra! Con* 

113 Gtareo* 

2S1 OUta 

127 Gored MMnee 
138 Oriran Or«nal 

184 Gown Smegy 

244 aaartw^^ 

230 GraanamHowa 
155 Kambraa 
263 HU (P) 

340 hvraat n Surran 
244 kw Cap 
45 hanoi i Af||N 

80 KMraart Chwtar 
IBS Lew Deotnura 
56 LoaUmPMSk 
61 Lon Trust ' 

102 MwtJie na 
161 Monks 

128 Mwrey avxma 

137 Murray Ml 

215 Many Baal 
318 Iketra wren 
aso Nee Court 
49 New Darrin 08 
158 938 

BO'i Nelhrog Inc S3 

185 Nrai Tokyo 
278 Mb ADvrec Sac 
4| Nw 3ea Areata 
278 NBar *tam 
145 QuMcti 
ffi Padk Assets 
33 Do Wrens 
37 reraona) Aim 
538 Raacaarr 
147 MvarB Mara 

181 Rotnco 
267 Rotivw 
11% flare* 

116 SI Andrews 

273 iamcai 
88 Sea Eastom 
390 Soot Mwc A' 
02 Scot MM 

w sc «5sr 

570 Sacood AManca 


a* w 

Ch4a pence % P/E 

-6 154 54 27.7 

13 24587 
-4 145 41 3311 

-1 44 24 427 

-2 33 14 79.1 

•-1 il 22 645 
-5 2* 07 .. 

S3 2.7 290 
-2 61 33434 

-4 136 47 30.1 

-3 82 14851 

64b 23 60.1 

-*i U U .. 

-1 . . b . . . 

•-1 ao 34 274 

4-1 32 32 154 

-1 0.1a 9.4 220 

•-1 31 31 31.7 

-2 34b 14 854 

-1 77b 48 29.1 

4-1 7.10 43 354 

39(1 14 .. 

• .. MOO 27 614 

• -3 214 48302 

•-1 09 14 549 

•-1 37 31 332 

420 75 204 

-2 1.1 05 .. 

•-3 44 15 884 

-2 07 15 654 

-2 7.7 22 634 

-1 4 a 26 48 0 

-1 14 14 90.4 


43 48 .. 

. . 190 34 404 

-3 36 51 31.1 

-2 121 44231 

170 136 
79 57 
38'; 36 
91 82 

122 95 

195 (95 
23S 202 
lOl 90 
161 118 
168 140 
118 SO': 
174 139 
1® 1JS 


’SI ’3 

265 217 

Company Pie 

SecOtScarew S" 

iSSSiS-n 38 

EwWv tJWB “ 

TR AintraW _ 91 
is cny Of im 0M116 

TB tods Gw ^ 
Tfi Natural Has 206 
TO Norm Amraca re 
TO Pactft: Basra *99 
TS Property WB 

TO Tacn lOJ 

TO Trusnu i® 
Trait* Bit ip 

T Hugra p Tc n 

TBrog Secure} CkC 358 
Trans Oeaanc 199 

Trbona 131 

Tnctawm me J7 

OS Oenjmjma 2S7 

vwaxg Resouraas a 

wtna mo na n Egy » 

won W 


cw no 

Cb'ga ponoa P/V 



42 309 



20 »l 

33 3.6 320 
Ub 46 320 

040 09 912 



52 262 


20b 20 *6.7 


09 . 


32 410 


23 503 


83b 40 37.1 


4.8 292 


40 350 

m -2 





30 37-5 


142 7.9 


30 513 


73 19.1 




14 417 





22 893 
4.1 3*2 

4.1 31 444 

85 25 533 
97b 32 423 
23 27 565 
254 32 202 
121 24 533 

64 22 544 

246n 34 331 

471. 35'. 
71 31 

49 21 
IS 131 
IB* 13'. 
IBS T2’a 
IS 131 
102 90 

247 187 

93 68 
680 375 

94 77 

102 77 

213 1® 
*40 320 
680 760 
362 264 
99 76 
26 IS 
205 1 ® 

Braama Anew 
DMy Mas 
DO -A 
Ess Tnm 




Goode (OEM) 

Hradancn Adnvn 




Mwcanm Wuw 
Paeric tm TH 
Do Warra nt s 
Sum Braeras 




26 as 



.. 75.7 


• . . 


40 14 6 



40 12* 



4 0 122 



36 382 




40 130 


• -S 


26 150 



32 160 




10 234 




71 9.7 



27 26.1 



25 7h 

1.7 210 


120b 61 86 




58 108 



27 2*3 




59 92 




00 99.7 





51 213 

BU Otlsr Ong YU 

BU OHar Cbng YU 

60. HOUannurst Rd, E 
03*5 717373 |Lu*hna; 
G4I 6 Fnod 
Hign Inc Eatery 
WorOwUe Bond I 

Amencan Growth 1 

Asnn Paste 
Assets 6 Earns 
Casoai Resarva 
Comm B Enagy 
Eutofxun Capnai 
Gereraf I 


ur. Qrowra ins 
Do Acewn l 

US Entering Co s 
. Eoueas Progisss l 


1235 1347 
954 1013* 
17a0 1B47S 
1537 1955 
414 445 
970 104 6* 
631 654 
653 70S 

66.1 947* 

1394 1404 

67.1 71.7 
335 1005* 
1342 14*2# 
MB 605 

1934 2065a 
614 654 

-01 910 

-0.7 4.55 

+02 3 ® 
-3.1 258 
+05 281 
-07 148 
+01 144 

+04 . 

.. 153 
■ 1 
-1.0 043 
-20 3.15 
-0.1 154 

A*M Dunbar Cram Swindon SNI l EL 
■ 0793 6)0366 E 0793 28291 

■ First Trent 
-Growth 6 Income 
Capnai Trust 
Accum Trent 
Ananun kicome 
Mgn hmme 1 st 
Eflu'iy Income 
High Yield 
.Govt Sacs Trust 
,Jrean Fund 
Paerhc Trust 
Amer Spo Sas 

227.4 2422 -28 316 

1368 1470* -1.7 307 

235 6 2900* +14 281 
3636 3925 -40 205 

5574 593-4 -74 296 

301 321 -02 421 

2530 2994 -22 *43 

1407 1498 -09 459 

144.3 1544* -14 545 
30 7 320* 9® 

774 B22 -04 108 

927 98.7 +09 001 

151.6 1915 +0.4 1.11 

942 «*• -07 140 

1 Amar 1st 205 1 2184 

Aid ASM Vdua 231 E 2*66 -1.8 3® 

.Gd Growth 38.1 394* -02 245 

.Sreuner Co s 1174 1255 . 261 

2nd SmaMr Coa iM5 IMS -05 24* 
■Hawwry Treat ®7 Ml* -06 212 

Mm Un 8 Onory 80 3 855* -1A 242 

-Ossas Earnings 1® 2 2015 -21294 

Tsamoogy Tm 91 7 97.7* -14 042 

. Mcoma&wrei 1295 1379 -14 515 

Emmisi SmaMr Cos 223.6 2370* -01 270 

USA liternpl Trust -•>»(> 3*2** -54 1.40 
131. Frnioury pavemera. London EC2A 1AY 
01«B 9876 01-280 95*07172/3 
Casual Growffi (nc 59 4 63 5 +01 166 

Do accum 604 710 -01 148 

■ Eastern E imr 11S7 123 7 .. oW 

Do accum 66 -t 71 0 -0.1 148 

Eastern * imr 115 7 123 7 .. 093 

. Do 6 °, vntnorawB 620 663 .. 033 

. Fraanw £ properer 609 65-1 +00 231 

G# S Filed Income 50 1 527* -1 0 846 

Od Accu-n 830 892« -04 126 

EauTl Income 750 8) 0* -10 4® 

Do Acorn 1704 1905* +05 *82 

urn Ywu Mcomt 7*7 794 . . 7® 

03 Accum 1930 2068 -01 7® 

.Inp Accra- 728 77 B -06 237 

Do 9N. WttndnW ®l 739 -0 7 237 

Managee Fund 99.* u! -28 . . 

' Praterenca Income 299 310* +0310 ID 

Oo Accum 9*7 1014* +OB1010 

SiraMf Cos Acewn >398 1*95* -0 1 138 
Vlorrrj Perey 5h*e 99 105 *0.1 MS 

. PdRfrAo TM UK 786 61.* -09 I SB 

Portfdto Tm japan 86 1 894 -10 0 10 

P orW wo Tm US 690 71 J -0 6 1 10 
PartttAO TM EKOpn 10*0 107 7 -06 0.10 

Pomoko Tsi MK 375 364 +07 0.10 


.3. CMrebrSM SL Edrtxrai EH3 STY 
031-225 2561 H7Mlara03l^2S 60661 

ire & (221 

Japan &r (43) 
UK E> (31) 
Psai Pens mb 

PmI Pen* uk 
PG Amenca 
BG Enragy 

415 7 4337 
3*23 3S7.1 
2203 23*59 
**8 0 471.6 
199 0 2094 
1582 1683 
)186 1264 

fi‘i mesne Grwoi 200.1 2129 
0G Japan 1504 1594 

BG TeereoUgy 1®3 169.11 

1582 1683 -22 OSS 

1186 1264 -04 1® 

300.1 2129 -06 48* 

1504 1590 -0.1 0® 

1583 169.1* -14 198 


75(26 Aeermade Sonet. London wtx «ad 

01-491 0235 




-09 082 


19 9 

Jawn S General 



H^h mccinB 




imonjnar# Trutt 

income Gm T 51 

47 1 

Ohs 6 F.ieq hit 



Great Uarrets 




5mo*i Sauat>one 






urvewn House. 252. Bwihau Rd E7 



-1 7 

Ami Accum 





Do Income 





E-nrot Tnrr 

Ertra Income 



235A 250 + 


264 1 



137 8 


-l 1 

G* i Fnea inc 

JAoan & Gw Inc 





CWwln Accum 

f«om* Trust _ 

Umure Trust 197 BAT -02 133 

So*oai Srruanons 1*0* 1*93 -00 147 

Rnco+erv 192* 20*6 -1.7 256 

.Trustee Fund 109 1 1160 -10 258 

trw Teen accum 51 7 55.0 -10 0 31 

Do Income 515 5*7 -10 031 

Wcnjwwe Trust 1*3 1 1524 -oa 082 

fl Tsi m» Fro *ec 3274 348 0* -33 32S 
Do me 2120 2255* -23 345 


fO Bar 1 S 6 BecMtmtm. Kura 0R3 4X0 

01-658 3002 

1390 1*7 8* +04 0.18 
1794 1908* -21 244 

3335 394.7 -17 35* 



Eoi»tv inccme 
O'dwm 5 me 
J*w Spwu> 

Japan Surma* 
Fra: Eu'CM 
Fitn Japan 
Fra N Are* 

Hr* Sneaer Cos 

50 7 60S* 
497 831 
990 59 7* 
1114 1122 
634 B7B 
BS9 329 
798 853 

993 1096* 
71 7 76 8 
*75 508 
6*9 8970 


10 TeroHsoi SL London EC3 
01443 8000 

Permed In* 
European Inc 
Da Accum 
G raw** me 
Da Accra) 
G<A v«id me 
Oo Accra 

141* 1294 
850 903 
1053 110* 
1503 IU0 

-04 212 
-07 140 
-09 120 
-1 0 291 
+13 291 
.. 079 
-a 1 m 

G41 re: ISOS 12 * 3 . . 079 

Oo Accra 189 2 1991 -0.1 ST* 

HWh YW tac 87.7 KLlW -08 53a 

Oo Accum 1725 1816 +15 538 

japan rn^rae 2085 2196* -01 106 

Do Accum 210 0 241 2* -01 10a 

M Amencnr Inc 495 487 -0 5 090 

00 Acnra 529 563 -0 6 090 

"whe meoma 1199 1220* -04 a 42 

Do Accum 1305 1373 -04 a 22 

Sm* Cos me 75 6 805 -08 173 

Cu Accra M 9 9*.6* +00 1 73 

7* 78 Fireowy p j wra r London ECZA iJO 
th-M O 2775 DraragOi^a D*78ff MrarayGudt 

0800-010- U3 

Gniwm G*r 590 990 -04 04} 

ma D ecoirpr no? 1101 * -05 251 

SmaMr Coa 
UK Grow* 
Extra Inc 


Inc 0 Grown 
Nat Hoi Inc 

GoW a Gan 

W Lwmo 

Prop snares 
Umv Enaroy 
Ame> anwm 
Amar Inara* 

Amar SnriMr Coa 

Aral Grown 

Euro Sma*ar 
Far E*n 
Hong Kong Pit 
US Drown 
Japan Pad 
Japan SmaKV 

Exempt Market 

138 A 1407 
384 *0-7 c 
823 805 
Z70 29.* 
2002 2135* 
1903 2110* 
190 208 
1175 1253d 
450 480 
108 17.9 
195 105 
810 65 7a 
37.5 .403 
*14 450 
90S B09* 
560 5B.7* 
315 251 
734 701* 
14 6 154 
410 443 
23 5 254 
336 358* 
584 921 
130 14 7 
945 80Be 
0*4 67.7 

+05 131 
-04 109 
.. 074 
-04 734 
-09 4.17 
-1.1 4.91 
.. 959 
-14 070 
+01 2.10 
+05 390 
-04 059 
+03 M2 
+0.1 105 

-as 082 

-24 307 
-14 554 
+14 159 
.. 022 
*04 131 
*06 243 
-OI 1.64 


9-17. Par nraran Bo. Hey wa r ds 1 

0*44 *581** 

Growm Acewn 
Da income 
Hgn tn conra 

Man Pcrrtcao Inc 
Do Acc 

01-902 BE 





Fir East 




Norm Am 





PO Be. ‘ 
01-621 00 



a t 


Gri 9 Fhad Ira 502 564 -0 1 734 

Tst OMhv Trusts 644 693 -03 ISO 

Seeds' Sts Trust 783 033 -03 230 

NM Amar Trust 564 604 -1.1 102 

Far Eastern Trust 713 756 +04 0 73 


fit. George Hsa Cor p oration si Covanvy CV1 

0203 663231 

UK Grown Accum 1473 1664* -23 337 
Ob means 1294 1383* .. 330 

Mrirar Inc Accum 2423 2S74* -25 406 
Do income 19*4 2073* -73 446 
Gfes/Ffare) Accum 10*i 1053 -05 243 

Da means 993 S4 0 -01 263 

Nth Amar Tat Accum 1344 1423* -14 070 
Far East Tst Accra 1307 1300* -03 031 
Era) TM Accum 145.7 1553 *04 138 

General Trail 2304 2453* -07 272 


i. Laurence Fanner M. uman EC*fl OBA 

01-623 4680 

Amracan Fund 733 701 -14 026 

crew Fro 1 002 1154 -1.4 039 

Inccme Frad 821 974 -07 4 48 

Far Eastern Fro 880 738 +0 1 035 

Overseas Income 964 694 -0* 347 

Fores mtarast 609 65 1 +04 900 

Naum Res Fro 37.9 *03 -02 4.75 

European income 714 704 ..326 

1 BO. West George SL Glasgow G2 2PA 
0*1-332 3132 

BaisncM GW h* 420 492a .. 220 

Da Accra) 43.) 4S4« .. .. 

tocome Gth Inc 414 *40 .. 650 

DbACOra 423 460 .. .. 

Service Co s me 44.7 475 +0.4 100 

Da Accra 454 46.1a +05 . . 


River WUl T ontndae. TVS 1DY 
0732 382222 

(W E Ffaea mt 
Growm Equity 

N Amarcan 

Property Share 

5 mMr crarararaas 

European Treat 

BU Odor CUrg Y» 

1250 130J -04 079 

2129 2200 -27 200 

297.1 3073 -40 207 

1310 1*03* -1.7 104 
1944 JOBS* .. 042 
2520 289.7 +24 1 S3 

2006 2223* -08 1 61 
2240 2393 +13 006 

0UMO9S MAHON UNfrniurr 

PO&ra 442 32 St UaryatwHD. tondra EC3P 
01-623 9333 

Utah I n c ome 553 59.4* , . 021 

N Anw That 1110 1109 .. 031 

Rapwety 1944 2006* .. 238 

GR Treat 424 43.7* . . 032 

St Vincent Inc 0*7 670 .. 635 

St Vtaora US Gth 77.1 904 ..073 

Temple Bar 9m CP s I860 175.6 *4.17 320 

Terete Bar USM 3*8.7 2760 -132 ZX 

Pranaar ur Adrara. 5. Raytegn do. ftwera ad 

007* 217916 

HWntras Snte Ce '8 127.7 1363 -08 1.81 

HabTOS N taw 673 713 -14 043 

Hambros Jao S F E 1019 m** -14 042 
H jmtrea Scandvn 7S2 900 -06 036 

Manama Eracpaan 933 909* *06 003 
Hambros Canarian *70 500 -03 10 a 

xvnbros Equity me 953 B14C *04 431 
Hsmoroa HgiW SB 7 S24* . . 53! 

Hambros Raa Assta 574 610 -05 209 

Bd OHar drag nt 

Do Accum 2093 2230 -07 1.70 

WriWMdB Grow* 1604 1ffi-7 -10 131 

DQ Acara 2524 &B.7 -44 1.01 

20. Canon SL Londra EC2AS44X 
01-920 0311 

Erare Ost 1224 1303 -14 144 

Do Acara 1700 1815 -14 .144 

G« Treat . . 144 573 >09. 448 

Oa Accra! 5B2 613 -13 438 

Mdi taorana D*t 930 990# -02 445 

De Acorn 1073 1140# -03 445 

US Growth 514 540# - 1 . 1 . 1.11 

Do Accra) 522 BS0* -14 1.11 

WtaUda Park. Exacsr EXS IDS ' 

0392 52155 

Genera! Thai 433 463# -0.7 300 

Income Trust 374 390 -04 500 

bare — l treat 308 32.7 -03 130 

Throe Giro. Tower W EC3R 9BQ 
01-625 458B 
Amar 1 Gan tic 
Da Acerai 
Awf Raoowy 
Do Accum 
Am Smafler Cos 
Do Aocwn 
Auu E Gw me 
Do Accum 
Comm E Gw Me 

BU Oftsr Chnfl Yld 
11^3 125.1 +24 21S 

ad Ofler drag YU 

bu rare a*vj yu 


160 Hops SnaL Glasgow G2 2UH 

1073 1150 -13 349 

23*4 2903 +14 069 

2113 225 0# -14 1.12 


40 raapaduen SL K3P 3HH 
01-923 4200 Bd 298 

' Do Acorn - 
NPI OversaAs 
Do Accun 
Far East Acc 
American Aoc 
Do DU 

'4001 4181# -21 290 

3273 3*93# -33 200 
5400 5754 -39 1.10 

9504 7013 -40 1.10 

690 74.1 ..030 

090 74.1 .. 030 

55.7 593 -04 1.70 

552 SU -09 140 


PO B ra 4. N orrnd) NR1 3MO 

0803 622200 

Gra* That m3* 12 

Ind Trust 121.1 12 

till* 1207 -210 940 

121.1 1270# -10 149 

Bnwn Bumri ni ii — iT 

65. Cmncn SMbl London EC4N 6AE 
deatngs 01-236 888Sfif7/8JB/0 


Amor Equty hooma 
Amar Soacaa Sts 
Far EAS Inc 
04 6 Ftead M 
Growth 8 Income 
Japan Sped# Sits 

Japan Truer 

MSteoed Mt Tst 
Mra means Eouay 
Preftssraiai Gin 

974 1043 
307 329# 
519 55 Sc 
300 3ZB 
310 329 
100.4 107.4 
3*5 369 
107 8 115.4 
1280 1379 
73 4 780 
3*4 385 

Sou* East Asa Tst 264 273 

-21 007 
-0.7 497 
-04 040 
-0.1 4 12 
+01 072 
-07 441 

-0.7 a 13 
+04 *32 
-01 223 
+04 0.70 
-14 0 .71 

a Crash? Sq. London EC3A BAN 
01-639 5856 

American Exwwt 0437 35L4# -1031 1.42 
Joan Eaaovt E3<17 3320 +220 1.11 
Am Property Tet *107950 .. 7.75 

Prooerey Trust £20310 • .. 6 1C 

3. Lradon WtM Bk 
01-629 5181 
Am* i Gw Inc 
DO Acorn 
Amar Tumamd he 

Oo Accum 

Cades TH Inc 
Oo Accum 
Cana E CM Pro 
Oc Accum 
Em he TH me 
Oo Acoan 
Income Treat 
Oo Accun 

„ „ tm Growm Fd me 

955 Oo Accum 

290 Moat E Gw me 
Do Acara 
Mqtraty tacame Fa 
Do Accum 
European me 
Do Aoeus 

Lcncon WWL Londra 

2200 23*9 
SM 2990 
2009 2210 
2150 2206 
19*6 2070# 
23*4 2*90# 
894 863 
1100 1244 
1590 I8SO 
169-0 173.6 
1106 1260 
1233 1300 
1599 1700a 
177* 1808# 
73* 700 
7*2 706 
704 810# 
1300 1404 
1480 157.4 
8*9 660 
5*6 580 

SFTJiS! 0ww,fr SurT *7 

0308 885055 

FP Eouey Dot 189 6 2110# -18 265 

Do Acara 3321 3634# -53 285 

FP Fired M Dot 117.4 14*6# . . 076 

Do acara 1335 1440# . 578 

O row eu ah 'P Oat 16 0 * 1706# - 1 J 208 

Oa Accun 171 8 1820# -1.4 208 


PM)*c Tirore. JUngsway. WC2 

01-405 *300 

Croal 3464 3577# .. 28 a 

Oroas Inc 1500 1501 . 7*3 

WW YtaW 2179 2230 . 580 



Ocu raaia s 1603 i7i.s 

Satoct btemeoanal 714 760# 

Srictar Co * Inc 157.1 1680# 

Eperiri Stuaaons 950 1024 

UK Equity IBS 3 1960 

US Grow* 721 77.1 

UrmsroH Grown 604 65.7# 

Eroerunse House. POrtsmara 
0705 827733 
A re a ncw me 
Do Accra* 

Austro**" he 
DO Accun 
Baopaw inc ■ ■ 

Do Aceum 
G* S Ftxad he 
Da Accun 
Gob Find he 
Do Acara 
Do Accun 
kid mcame 
Do Accun 
Jao Sra* Go's Ac 

s TZZA'~ t 

Snrier Co a me 
Do Accum 
3»cui Bto he 
Do Accun 
TbM Ftaid he 
Odi Accum 
US SmaMr Co'S AC 

“oilman 1 

-14 049 
-08 140 
♦05 4.12 
-10 109 
-t9 219 
-14 163 
-11 108 

-21 068 
-21 068 
+0.7 103 

+09 103 

+ 0.1 


+03 008 
+06 008 
+03 047 
+04 047 
-03 0.10 
-07 ““ 

a\^ Bg00n 

Do Rsraww 
Prof Sura Fd 
Special so 
Tac n n ow gy 
World income 
Wra f oraon Capnai 
ECwty Es (3) 

ft) Acara (3) 

100 17.1# 
801 854 

904 1043 
17.7 19. T # 
714 709 
BO 7 989 
*70 506 
9*3 575# 
1309 1409 
910 971 
1529 1634 

+0.1 130 
+01 090 
.. 030 
.. 931 
-1.1 1 58 
-OA 005 
-14 010 
. 40B 
-10 190 
.. 177 
.. 147 

£ a MWjMta ro. London EC3A 9BP 

67.8 721* -07 O10 

UarmUHouse.2 Pudria 

01-2*8 1250 

Attencan Growm *04 

General Grown 550 

Gtotte Tara 434 

Incame Growth 624 

tacona MorurVy *93 

Jaiun Growm 3*6 

erases Growm 414 

Sm*reCo» 622 

Special Open 680 

Dock. London EC4V 

*20 -04 076 

300 -03 109 

*63* -04 910 
664 -05 5*2 

530# -04 741 
369# +02 0.16 
*S0# +04 147 
604* -02 232 

734 -04 200 



S? s Sl 1 ++" » 



1 .. 1013 



.. 504 
I .. AS1 


.. 901 

1 .. aoi 



1 CfR 



§ ?| 



8m neer. 6. Devc na ra ra 1 
01-283 2S75 Daring OU 

UK Cap Fna he 
Do Accun 
hcoma Raid 
Pwsoi E*e*npt 
reamwun d 

US 6 General 
Teen A Gro«m 
Igai A flenaral 
Far Era 5 GW 
European Frad 
Gouuanv Frad 

989 1038 
1*1.0 1509 
B1.A 97.1 
1614 169 4 
1*99 1604 
59* 523# 
704 7S.4# 
1*7.0 2ia7# 
SOB 883 
2260 3*26 
607 714 

aanTMORB funs managers 

2 St Man Are Loneon EC3A 8BP 

01-823 12)2 Deateg 01-623 9766 Daring 01-623 


American Trua 883 9*8 -39 000 

Aiocrawn Tnot 190 203# +04 035 

Brara TH Accun 55 0 mb -a 7 zjs 

Do Oa 403 St 7 -0 5 238 

Goraraoday Sura 530 S7A -01 148 

Eurcpean Tara «J7 533 -01 0*4 

Ease income Trust *8.6 *99# -08 547 

Fv Easum Tran USB )2L9 -03 010 

Fuea mrarwt Fund 202 291# -0 l 9 72 
GN T ran 209 29 6# -04 833 

GtaDd Fund Accun 1584 1884 -03 043 

Do Dot 1508 1605 -0 A 043 

Go# snare TraH 1Q9 1V6 - 0.1 235 

Hedged Amman 289 307 -1.B 010 

ragn inetrae Trust 1J75 >473 -l a 543 

Kdng Kong Trust 26 D 27 B -03 1 Bt 

hcom* Frad 7*0 80.1 -04 30* 

Insurance AqWMK £4608 *9.75 -069 133 

JIM* TruC . . I23-* U14 -04 000 

Maneaeo greren 273128*3# -33 238 

oa r©WJV Trust 201 31.1 41 IM 

dosoul Sre True) BBA 949 -04 082 

UK&i*CsRecTst 855 703 156 

Wnchwnr Hie. 77. Loidw W#L London EC2N 


01-568 5620 

re Growm tb7 bed -oe tsa 

Amwean Gnwm 63 1 674 -09 155 

AmwCW he 664 707 -09 5*1 

European Grow* 199 7 2135 *0 6 021 

GOdEM-nerOc 397 40a -flj 218 

japan Growth 1393 1489 + 0.1 0.18 

Faerie heore 9*3 896 +01 *18 

UK Soto* Oppi 96.0 92* *01 1 96 

Roy# £«nstnoe EC3P JON 

'.7 195.4# 
3 3*79 
3 48.5 
1 5*5 

3 1714 

* 3030 
J 67 7# 
J 87.7 

9 2864# 

4 581 9 
B tau 

6 201 7 

7 59 1# 
B »44» 

5 10*2 
9 HZ1 
7 1102 

* 1214 
0 2000 # 

-2.7 101 
-40 301 
-0 1 328 
-0.1 149 

-14 40 

-4* 4.99 
+03 001 
+03 001 
-ao *46 
-39 *36 
JJ 00* 
-24 03* 
+04 002 
-0 4 002 

-20 ast 
-21 091 
+03 029 
+00 049 
-oa 140 


feX 0 " 1 81 Setnuy m *** 

1206 -IS .. 

N Anur 110.1 1107 -14 .. 

S ^°<K)rn ifladUCt EC1A 2EU 
01-236 3053 

awwime 1943 2090 -07 101 

uSZCST 282-7 3008 -10 181 

W Yted 2120 2256 -04 A3? 

Do Accun 4120 2255 -04 422 

*1 6 4*3 +01 V77 

DoAceum *10 443 +0.1 1 11 

Tr ^ B “ l») 1*3.7# -04 339 

- 2D3.J £f0» -00 339 

868 800# -06 1.10 
„P° *?■". 550 605 -00 1.10 

mSTnB"^ 073 am -oab 30 * 

Ab«ig Rdh Aats (5) 1007 1157 +20 103 

gwgr, tooe. 7. Devonwaa Sq. Lwdw EC2 



, TJ 

Fw East E Ow 
ma Growth 
merana Tran 


UK Tran 
gagren Growm 
Hong Kqi^ 

66 8 710 -08 100 

81.1 954 .. 1-30 

697 73.7 -03 1 10 

.782 84. T# -OS 560 
1880 1080 -03 040 

1210 1305 *0.1 200 

367 383# -03 040 

45 8 480 .. IM 

1350 1443 -10 070 

510 553 .140 

221 ZL5 +03 170 

jfcg'S’Jg. 180 177 -02 015 

RsrftaBereBiergii 140 101# .. 040 


Sra DM IBt Fund 656 807# -01 0» 


S3- Mncreay. UMdon WC2B 

ei-ao6 aaai 

gn*A Eoaty 49.1 543 . . 703 

US »* -03 543 

510 5S0 -03 223 






Good figures at Minet 
fail to lift PC W gloom 

Poor old Minei Holdings. Il 
produced 1985 pretax profits 
28.7 per cent higher at £30 
million and is believed to be 
on course for a leap of similar 
magnitude to £38 million 
profits this year. Bui the long 
shadow of the PCW affair is 
preventing its share price 
from reflecting its trading 

Its shares were almost un- 
changed yesterday at 25 Ip. 
putting it on 3n historic rating 
of 1 2 and a prospective p/e of 
9.3. Willis Faber, the premi- 
um stock of I he sector, is 
trading on a prospective p/e 
of nearly 1 7. 

Yet. as Miner was keen to 
point out. ns compound tax- 
able profits growth rate over 
the past six tears has been 24 
per cent compared with 
Willis's 23 per cent and its 
earnings growth has been 23 
per cent compared with 
Willis's 2ft per cenL On pure 
trading grounds Mi net's 
shares should he al least 

The difficulty »iih PCW is 
that it is impossible io qua mi- 
f> whai il may end up costing 
Minet. Wiih liiigation threat- 
ened. the company is under- 
standably not saying much. It 
made no further extraordi- 
nary provisions in I9S5. after 
£9.3 million in 1*98-4 relating 
to PCW. It is also slicking to 
its line that it has no legal 
liability for PCW names' 

However, with Lloyd's 
now pursuing a market solu- 
tion. Minet is expected to be 
asked to put its hand in its 
pocket for perhaps 120 mil- 
lion or more. After being in 
ihc from line of the PCW 
affair lor several years. Minet 
must be taking comfort 1mm 
the fact i hat ihc 38 poienrial 
defendants of legal action by 
names include several other 

Meanwhile, on ihe trading 
from brokerage growth accel- 
erated in the second half to 
show 33 per cent underlying 
growth for the year. Profits 
would have been £3 million 
higher had 1984 end year 
exchange rates been used. 


Technology Project Services 
(TPSl is an employment 
agency specialuing in the 
supply of engineering staff on 
a contract basis. Its main 
assets are its database of 
highly-qualified engineers 

who are available for work 
3 nd its list of client compa- 
nies who may need staff from 
time to time to work on 
specific projects. 

Us skill is in nialchjng the 
two - helping the diem to 
define his needs in terms of 
manpower and satisfying this 
requirement with the individ- 
uals on its books. 

The business began in 1 970 
as a British subsidary ofC&D 
Inc. which is now owned by 
the IIS Greyhound company, 
at a lime when this type of 

agency was fairly common in 

America but was almost un- 
known in Britain. 

Richard Avery, a senior 
manager ofC&D. spotted the 
potential and has built up the 
business from scratch. He 
organized a management 
buv-oui in July 1 9X4 lor £2 
million, or which £400.000 
cantc from TPS's manage- 
ment with the balance funded 
by institutions and bank 

Less than two years later. 
TPS is seeking a full listing on 
the Stock Exchange by way of 
a placing of 41.1 per cent of 
its shares by J. Henry 
Schroder Wagg. the merchant 

The placing price of 140p 
values the whole company at 
£ft.7 million. After ihe plac- 
ing. Mr Avery will be the 
major shareholder, with jusl 
under 30 per cent The bal- 
ance will largely be owned by 
the institutions who backed 
the original management 

The prospectus does not 
contain a profits forecast, but 
nn earnings per share to 
December 31. 1985 of 7.9p. 
the shares will be issued on a 
multiple of 17.7. 

The nearest comparison is 
the USM-quotcd SAC Inter- 
national which differs from 
TPS in that it employs its 
own highly qualified staff to 
work on design contracts for 
big companies, whereas TPS 
will find the staff. SAC has an 
August year-end. and is on a 
prospective multiple of about 

The proceeds of the issue 
will amouni to £2.76 million. 
Of this. Mr Avery will receive 
£1.4 million for the shares he 
is selling, amounting to just 
over 20 per cent of the 
company, leaving him with a 
stake valued at a further £2 

Most of the rest will re- 
deem the preference shares 

issued at the time of the 
managemenem buyout leav- 
ing £60.UUU to add to working 


Welicome's interim results — 
the first since it joined the 
stock market in February — 
may not have satisfied the 
punters who chased ihe 
shares as high as 238p in 
initial trading. But i\iey were 
good enough for most inves- 
tors for the shares to rise 2p to 
290p yesterday. 

Reported profits were 
down from from £7 1 million 
to £64.2 million before tax. 
but that fall was due to 
exchange rale movements. 
There was an underlying 
increase of 26 per ccni on 
sales which, adjusted for 
currency changes, rose by 16 

The implied improvement 
in margins was achieved 
despite higher research and 
development spending, nota- 
bly on clinical trial:, for the 
Aids compound. Phase two 
trials are now underway in 
America, where 250 patients 
will use the drug for six 

Sales of both Zovirax - the 
herpes treatment — and ol 
Tracrium. a muscle relaxant, 
were well up. especially in 
America. Wellcome hopes to 
gain approval for extending 
the application of Zovirax to 
shingles, a much larger mar- 
ket than herpes. 

At home, sales grew by 
only 4 percent and profits fell 
from £30.9 million to £28.6 
million. The main disap- 
pointment. however, was at 
Coopers Animal Health, the 
joint venture with ICI estab- 
lished in October 1984. which 
accounts for a fifth of group 

Coopers lost about £1 mil- 
lion in the first half, before 
start-up costs of £400.000. 
The outlook for improved 
sales looks gloomy, following 
huge cuts in the New Zealand 
iamb population. 

Assuming earnings for the 
full year are unchanged at 
7.5p. the shares are trading on 
a premium multiple of 25. 
The price contains possibly 
as much as 30p for the 
treatment of Aids, which 
must be excessive given that 
the drug is unlikely to be 
commercially available for 
some years, assuming it 
passes the Trials. 


Rally fails to stop indexes 
closing 20 points lower 

The stock market's confi- 
dence was severely tested 
yesterday after a record fall on 
Wall Street and confirmation 
of a massive rights issue from 
the mighty Prudential. 

Jobbers slashed prices at the 
outset, but the move only 
anracted bargain-hunting, so 
that a sharp rally soon halved 
initial falls of more than 30 
points in the indices. 

During mid-session, prices 
tended to ease back again and 
by the close the FT 30-share 
index was down 20.9 points at 
1.374.0. The FT-SE 1 00 index 
dosed at 1.640.1, down 20.4 

Leading shares recorded 
losses on balance of between 
5p and 1 7p. but dealers were 
quick to point out that little 
selling was in evidence. . 

Government stocks slipped 
by half a point. Other sectors 
dipped and rallied behind the 
leaders, but still ended with 
falls in the majority. 

Reecham at 390p. Glaxo 
968p. Hawker 595p and 
Vickers 486p were among the 
worst hit. down by I Op to 1 7p. 
ICI ended 3p easier at 929p. 
having touched 9I4p in early 

Prudential lost 28p to 864p 
on the £357 million cash-call, 
but there was some relief that 
the issue did not need to be 
underwritten due to the sub- 
stantial discount. 

Other life companies like 
Legal & General gave up I Op 
to 757p jn sympathy. Take- 
over situations continued to 
stimulate interest. RawtWree 
jumped 22p to 540p on the 
revival of the old report of a 
bid from Suchard of 

Brick bo use Dudley an- 
nounced a possible approach, 
boosting the shares I2p to 
126p. The predator was be- 
lieved lo be Glynwed. 4p lower 
at 3%p. 

APV improved by 8p to 
543p. awaiting developments 
and Peeler Hattersley was 
hoisted 24p to 6l7p in reac- 
tion to the company's strong 



F H Tomkins. 

Roberts. Ad lard, at 230p 
and Boosey & Hu«kes. 2Q0p. 
also in receipt of bid ap- 
jjroaches. advanced 25p and 
20p respectively. Sunbeam 
VVolsey fell 9p to 91p. follow- 
ing the company's statement 
on Wednesday, denying 
knowledge of reasons behind 
the rccem strength of the share 

A recent takeover favourite, 
1C Gas dipped 1 5p >o 375p on 
fears that the reported talks 
wiih Petrofina had broken 
down. Associated Heal Ser- 
vices climbed 35p to 485p, 
alter the agreed terms from 




J 1 1 80c 
(LI (l35pj 

Brookinount 06 Qpl 
Chancery Sacs [63o 
Co «w 9% A 2000 
CranswtcH M (950) 
Daws Qv (V>5p) 
□etxor (i30pt 
D*aiwne (I28pi 
Pwguson JJ) OOP) 
Gold Gm Trot |1b6p 
Granyte Surface (56j 
Green |E) (I20p> 
Ipeco (lzQpl 
Jarvis Pwrar (’050) 
Jurys Hotel 01 Sp) 
Kieartad map) 

Lee mo neop) 
Lexicon (lisp) 

Loage Care <7Qp) 
Macro 4 MUSp) 

223 +3 
207 -2 

268 * i$ 


C30'« - ■? 

202 *2 

123 -O 
161 -1 
1 9 I 


Menvate M (1l5p) 

Pieaiiy useful (330p) 
Sp*asti Props (72p) 
Templeton {2i$fj) 

S*gme* (101 p) 

Suce ibodI 
Teen Comp |1 
U"OB"«ood& P80 d) 
Wellcome 020pj 
witms I ilOo) 

Bensons Cnsps F/P 
EiS N/p 
FAC Eure ftl/P 
Greycoat N/P 
inrt Leoure N/P 
Low 6 Sonar N/P 
Seaicft* 4 S N/P 
Sdie T4ne* N/P 
Snare Dual NjP - 
Turner 4 NewaB N/P 

(issue pnee m brackets). 




208 *2 
72 -2 
1 81 
190 +1 




63 *5 
43 -i 

Compagnie General* de 

Housebuilders were xup- 
ported by -a favourable press 
article. ' Bellway helped (be 
mood by -reporting almost 
doubled profits. The shares 
advanced I2p lo I74p. while 
Bryant, at l26p, McAlpine, 
423p and Wilson Connolly, 
5 1 3p.'improved 3p to 5p. Blue 
Circle slipped I Op to 700p on 
news of the Sand lex sale to 

Wellcome hardened a penny 
to |9Up after interim profits 
which were £4 million above 
expectations. A 5 per cent 
profit setback clipped ftp from 
Aberdeen Construction to 

2ft 2 p and acquisition news 

from the annual meeting cat 
ftp from Delta Croup at 250p. 

Takeover hopes prom pied 
gains of 8p to 1 38p in BSR 
and 3p to 55o in Rwkware. A 
newcomer. Debtor from die 
Capel-Curc stable, recorded a 
2 Ip premium at 15lp in first 

Recent contracts continued 
to excite Continental Micro- 
wave at 27gp. up 3 5p. but 
Frederick Owper dipped I Up 
in 1 1 Op on the acquisition. 
Good profits boosted MMT 
Computing by 20p io 24 5p and 
T riefos added 3p io ‘^Jp on the 
profits recovery. 

Recent good results help 
Rupner Holdings “A" lo a 5p 
rise at I39p. 

Issues success 

Three issues ofshares on the 
stock market were oversub- 
scribed yesterday. 

Applications were still being 
counted lust night but Tip Top 
Drugstores, brought lo market 
by Klein wort Benson, the 
merchant bank, was thought 
to be oversubscribed as much 
as 40 times. 

That implies that £200 mil- 
lion was chasing only £5 
million of shares. 

Both Combined Lease Fi- 
nance and Antler, the luggage 
and travel goods company 
which is joining the unlisted 
securities market, were over- 

Larger stake 

1EP Securities, a company 
controlled by Mr Ron 
Brierley, the New Zealand 
businessman, has increased its 
stake in Ultramar, the oil 
company . from 6.5 percent to 
7.4 per cent 

Co-op Bank increases 
profits by £700,000 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent 

The Co-operative Bank, the 
banking am of the Co-opera- 
tive retail movement, yester- 
day reported a pretax profu of 
£12.9 million for the year to 
January II. a £700.000 in- 
crease compared with the year 

Bui a £25.000 loss on associ- 
ated companies 1 businesses 
left the banking group's profits 
virtually unchanged from the 
previous year. 

Mr Peter Paxton, who is 
retiring as chairman, said that 
increased profitability was 
mainly due to a strong perfor- 
mance in domestic banking 
The bank now has 4,000 
banking points or 
“Handybanks" for simple 
transactions in Co-operative 

During the year many of 
these points were improved to 

offer a wider rangeol financial 
services, including personal 
loans, insurance, mortgages, 
and estate agency services. 

Mr Chris Ruck, chief gener- 
al manager, said that in the 
last year the Co-operative 
Bank bad josi its competitive 
advantage in areas such as free 
banking and cheaper personal 
loans. But customers would be 
attracted by a higher quality of 
service and convenience, he 

He added that the Co- 
operative Bank was aiming to 
build up its lending to small 
and medium-sued busiesses 
and the related services which 
small businesses needed.. 

Problems with bad loans 
had been sorted out and future 
provision would not have to 
be so high in future. 

New managing 
at Tricentrol 

Mr Roger Smith, at prcxeni 
deputy chairman ot Fncenirol 
has been named managing 
director, a post previoudv 
held by the chairman. Mr 
James Longcrott 

Mr Longcroft. who lives in 
lax exile in Geneva, will 
remain executive chairman. 
Mr Smith wilt still therelore be 
reporting to Geneva, and in 
practice the change is unlikely 
to make much difference in 
practice to the running of the 

Mr Smith joined the com- 
pany when his group ol family 
businesses, including Lea 
Heating Merchants and Simp- 
son Garden Supplies, was 
taken over by Tncentrol. His 
career within the company has 
been: primarily on the com- 
mercial side. He became depu- 
ly chairman in 1983. 


Hall-year to Jan. 31. l*»Kh. 
interim dividend l.?5pil.5pi. 
rmyahlc Juno ?l. Turumcr 
I23.NI million (£19 48 million). 
Pretax profit £1.5* million 
(£1.25 milliunt. Earnings per 
share I 4.63p 1 11 .2 > p). 

Quarter ended March 31. IWti. 
Operating revenues 5249 X mil- 
lion (1210.5 million i. 1‘rriav 
-income J-t 2. ft mill, on (LJ7.S 
million), against 52S8 million. 
Net income per share 54 cents 
(35 cents). 

TRUST. >ear to March 3l. 
(9X0. Total dividend I5.2p 
1 14 2p>. Total revenue £14.97 
million (£14 42 million). Earn- 
ings per share 15 2?p ||J x7pj. 
Net asset value per indm-ny 
share 5ft ip I *Mp». 

• wHirTJNGro.N t'N- 

ClNEERINC: The company is 
reporting lor the HI months io 
Jan. 31. |9Sn. ciimpjto-d uiili 
Hie pn- viuus vear. Turnover 
{999.18X1 (l 1 .4 V million). Prnlir 

More lux swum umm)y 

Earnings per share, after lav. 
<U ft3p<9 Wp) and S.ft2p(X.7^pi 
before ta\. 

TRUST: Half-year lo March 31. 

Net assets v alue (>:r share, 
eveluding ihe inunm dividend. 
M9p (fin |p). Pruitt before tax 
UX2.fXKJ lL4 7 7.r*ifi). Earnings 
per share M.2pt 13 Jp) 

• HELK'AL RxR: N-i divi- 
dend (ml) tor ihe .ear m Feh. I. 
I9{jn. Turnover L ? 32 million 
lift. 79 million). Preijs proi'n 
1488.1X10 floss l rtiHan. Earn- 
ings per share 3 s p U»»-s Jp) 

• HICH( KOFI |NXL?»r- 
MkM TRUb 1:1 o«al dividend 
lor 1985 2.1 'p tl.9spj. I-reiav 
profit £3*> 2.074 il H»» I i/*i. 
Larmngs per •■h.ue 4 i:!n 
I t tvp). 

• ECOBRIC HI>| n!.X'ij s 
> ear to Jan. 31. Nhii. t/mdrrid 
l).2>p mill. Turnn\er E.'.2J 
million (£4 XX millin'.) fr-l.i \ 
profit flpS.UOO llov. £.9w 'HUM 
Earnings per share, l.2. l p 
ttoss I 7 5p) and luftv Oilmed. 
I.l'lp (loss 1.5 iQl. 

• CUKKF. NiC'krtl ( b XNL» 

tOUMEkS: I mat div.s.-..j lor 
unv lian-ittl jl h ‘ji twin- 
n-er L J H rriiKi.m ill ' mil- 
Imn). )’«eitf * pr ,,| n I J ’l.ivt 
Ur.hl) l .’O) l.nmw r>-i .h.irc 

• Iplft ’•(.j. 1 lie I'u-U'.-s l> <i |4s4 
ha*e been ieslaiL.1 u-i ..wuig ,.i 
change m aduuni.r h pnM.'v 


MfcNl VO: liileeiin dividend 
4p (same I lor the hell- year in 
March 31 . J9Sft. f'iMf-Ki.1 one- 
lor-onc senp issiu. ..miss in- 
come L 7 Jft. }4ft i(h’ , i'.a/l 
pitfiax if'enui L i i 1 l 2 I 
(£xftl.tii4). Earnings (x r share* 
3.92p(5. I y p). 

• BREAKMATE. Turnover 
E 1 2 1*4 million (t'riw million) 
lor I9>s>. Prolii rvti .e tav 
1 73ft.lX*l (I4M! m*U. Turnings 
per share ll.'*«p isvrp) 
Skelchky s offer to p*J r > ft.isc the 
oolmarv share's a' 2."P P«*r 
share has been anepidi anil 

More company news 
on page 20 

The worlds leading 
financial institution 

chose Life 

British National 

You could do worse. 

Insurance Fund 

One Year 

Two Years 

Three Years 



UP Tl.eTo 


UP 87.7*0 


UP 123.3*0 



UP 42.1% 


UP 58.4% 


UP 88.3% 



UP-? 1.9^ 


UP 78.4*0 


UP 150.4% 

Fixed Interest 



UP 33.8% 


UP 51.8% 

*• *r-'« -n.-. Vl.t-1 -nT.r ppfx’rntdiyx ir? rbt* viler lo hJ uni» yrue pmuih r ihie 

i.r i ■ M »r;hhi l«-i» the pv.-inon e^-:h Hrin-h Narn-eul Luc Fund airained ->171 pared 

— . -. — . . — i n. , . r ..-s,.- 

It \< >u .irr- ihinkini; .iK 'UT inve>tino .1 lump 
. *r -u .ire c> ^n-.vrnc J .tK»u/ vour pen -ion 
-ltu.iTii <n. rife .1 l>v<l x Prirish Wifionjl Lite 
A "‘tir.mce Cmcorp. one of ihe li ree'-t lm.mci.ii 
in>ti?ufr.‘n- in ihe wv«rlU JivI jusr .mJ three 
rnonrh- Brm-h NLittonni Lite hec.ime p.irr of 
;he Cinci *rp jroup When von consider British 
N.;iii Lite > in\ cement revord ’.ou c.m -<e ivhv 
Ou r .1 ihree \ perukl our fcuir mnin life funds- 
hdve never Ktn ■'‘Mr of the top live -ind our Fund conNwentl*. Keen the best 
peril Tiner 



For ,i minimum - 1 onlv L 1 .000 \vu [.ike 
ndvrtnt.rje ot .mr imvsrmenr skill in the PLin-For- 
Inxesimenr We h ny completelv dholished .inv cif 
the tront-endch-imes which men ns rhnt 
i: f' 1 ' ■ . ‘I Vi »ur inve-rmenr 1 1 C S' '. - if ir < u nder L2 . 500 1 
is .ifkv.yeJ roour h:eh pvrionivince funds Act 
nou ' Thi % Li'hii'wJ nner l-. only iini ilnbU' tow l 
June i^h Nvv 

rbn* tor mont'hiv Nivinu .ire disci 
.n.nlahle N' rjte^cinnotbe 
^uar.inreed and unit price- car fall as well .is rise 


We have pension plans for the sell -employed 
and company directors hur pension plans are only 
as good as the inv estment expertise behind them 
IrVworth leading what the authoritative magazine 
Monev Manasemenr said about our Pension 
Funds. "British \anoruil . . has a vemarhahly 
consistent record, /ts /und.s appear in the top fiie oier 
one ond three years in the managed. UK equity, 
international and fixed interest sectors. 

It vou want vour investment to keep pace 
with your needs, choose British National Lite, a 
voung energetic coninany now backed bv the 
mighrv resources of Citicorp which has total assets 
in excess of £ 120 billion. 

|" p.irekuLirli inrcfc-rcJ in 

| Limi— -um imo-rnu-ni C r«.-n^.-n. □ (fegubr mu’- □ j 
| rtf iM. -end nw nil Tr- inti -m jn. -n | 

| . . . j 

I AJd;,- . . 


British National 


| fel.-ph. -rn v . . 

L -. r : ■ r-.-i-h \ --... 1 1. :. A-hsn-<«iv iir-inv Lirr.i -— j EKLITOST , 
N ■ ■ fj-K .-h KH> V X 7. ' EL- - K., ; H , - ^u-4| :i( t j 


masked by currency moves 

Review b\ the Ckaimvm, 
Mr A J Shepperd. 

This the first report to be 
issued to shareholders Ibllow ing 
the recent issue ol our shares to 
the public in Februan.-. i would 
like to take the opportunity 
therefore ol welcoming our new 

fi has previously been 
indicated that exchange rate 
movements have a major 
effect on our results due to 
the large proportion of 
profits earned outside the 
U.K.. particularly in North 
America. Exchange rates in 
the first hall' of this year 
changed considerably com- 
pared with the rates lor the 
first hall ol last year. The 
U.S. dollar exchange rate is 
particularly important and 
the average rate lor the first 
half of 1 his year was Sl.-Li 

compared with Sl.Ih for the first 
half ol'lasr yvar, a movement 
adverse to us of I9 I, «». The 
movements in exchange rates are 
estimated to have aliened ihe 
comparison between ihe two hall 
years adversely by some fPS.IIm 
in rvsjiecl ol turnoiKi uinJ sume 

L'.'U Om in res)>e« t ol profit on 
ordinan activities before ia.v«*in.m. 

II the results lor the first half 
of I9N> were restated at the 
average exchange rates (or the first 
hall o! l9iSt.». turnov er would have 
been L’Tiff -4m. On this basis 
iurn* iv i.-r of for ihe first 

lilt |)h! IldU'i^J- .•ll.J—l 
1 AUr. h r&M.I.. j-r 

la kJl 

ia hull 



V. ... 



49 7.6 


1005 6 

Profit before tax 








Profit after ia\ 




in losses 




Profit attributable 

to shareholders 

50 6 



Earnings per share 



7 ,5p 

I . 1 K ■kiiii. -I.. lli..t'kt I >ho-» 
in* ie.ise ol vmlv - 1 "" dot- lo .lilfi. nil 
trading i Th. Imimh 
rale mcwemenis have h,id o -mulai* 
aifiei'se efleci ujrem ev [M »n I’rnm 
1 he L'.K. 

l Yi.ifil on .u livme- 
before laXo'i- >n. -miil.ii lv .uj|u vd 
lor e.\< 1 1 . 1 1 1 i.- »- rail- myi <■- 
mem 5 . w ih.i- f lu 1 - •• L-i n 
L’-M.ltm I III" r«S.i. (jn iln- 
fi-u-is tii-I.L'-n lor ifiv - In si li-.Jl 
ol I* Wo repi-. -enis an iik 1 -.!.«•■ 

ol -l.i ,, n. Tin- pi'Mliai iU 
rellei Is ihe vMe» i nl ihe 
in. rea>ed U » «•! ol 1 i.i4~r it *v »-i-. 
I.v|viijiruri' on iese.mli .mil 
il.'i t’l'-pnif’i iiii'ii 
as cm i-.aJei I -il I fie hum i it 
’hr- lllll.lhvill 

half ol !98o represents an increase 
of !6"i> and this is due 10 increases in 
most markeis. In the USA human 
healthcare turnover expressed in 
local currency is 17% higher than 
lasMtai. Substantial growth has 
also bet-n ailur ved in Cuntinenuil 
Cuiup' .’mi Japan. How ever ihc 

1 r . 1.1 ■■ -j . 1 nn in mi- . m 

ifie '■ .-rlj , ■ l-i. ! ■r-, l |a (i 

market have : vin.nnril 
dill 11 ull . Tin' l.«»i|ir I - t.iruilp 
is now established in nior-i 
LOuniries, Its manatrerntni i> 
apph-ing iteelf with grtvii eirerg) it * 
ihe problems and ir i> iv> nun !-►.■■ J 
that ihe la.-k ahead i.- mu e.i.-v lor 
I hem. 

A lull • opv ol die i»i*t- rnn 
result.- i.- avail.ible \m iw.|Ui'-i 
Irom ihe Co'iijxtnv hecrvi.m-. 


Wellcome pic. The Wellcome Building, 1&J Eu^ston RoaJ. London NWI 


i-ii>lAi'>nlc. AN la iNinJaittY 



PI ease tick the appropriate box for fill! details of the 
following sendees. NO SALESMAN WILL CALL 

Unit Trusts offer managed investment in □ 
British and overseas stock markets for £1.000 or more. 

Savings Plan enables you to invest in unit r — i 
trusts from £20 a month with no extra charges. I I 

Share Exchange Scheme is an | — ] 

inexpensive way for you to exchange shares worth I I 

£1,000 or more for any M&G Unit Trust 

Holmes a Court 

reinstates bid 
for Broken Hill 


Planned Income Portfolio 

provides ten income payments spread through 
the year from an investment of £2,500 or more. 

IJfe Cover Plan offers you high levels of j — i 

life cover protection at low cost I I 

Flexible Pension Plan for anyone whoj — i 

is self-employed or not in an employer’s pension I I 

scheme: you get complete tax relief on contributions. 

7.56% net+Cheque Book 

equivalent to a gross compounded annual rate of i 1 .03% 
(correct at time of going to press). High Interest Cheque 
Account with KJeinwort Benson Limited, administered 
by M&G as agents. Minimum initial deposit £2,500. 


To: The M&G Group, Three Quays, Tower Hill, 
London EC3R 6BQ. Tel: 01^6264588. 

Mr MrvMiss . INITIALS 




Member oi me 
Unit Trust Association 

Thi<'«tn >'• civifeNr ft. ifi nl fp . ’[■hKur 


By Richard Lander 

The pursuit of the Austra- 
lian oil, mining and industrial 
company Broken Hill Propri- 
etary has moved a stage 
forward with Mr Holmes a 
Court reinstating his fourth 
bid for the company and BHP 
rejecting it as inadequate and 

Mr Holmes A Court's Bell 
Resources group has reinstat- 
ed the partial bid. which was 
withdrawn last month, at the 
same level of Aus$7.70 per 
BHP share, including BHP*s 
20 cent final dividend, or 
AusS7.50 for shares that have 
gone ex-dividend. 

Bell is offering to take half 
of each shareholding, but it 
wants to buy only between 
18.4 and 20.7 per cent of 
BHP*s issued capital to add to 
the 1 8.5 per cent stake it owns. 

The offer price is barely 
above BLIP'S Aus$7.36 mar- 
ket price and Australian share 
brokers say Mr Holmes 4 
Court would have to raise the 
bid to perhaps Aus$8 to stand 
a chance of success. 

Mr Holmes a Court indicat- 
ed he could return at a higher 
price when be withdrew the 
offer 10 days ago, while Bell 
Resources has just made right 
issue which raised about 
Au5$630 million (£304 

In a statement to sharehold- 
ers. the BHP chairman. Sir 
James Balderstone. criticized 
the offer and gave a warning 
that it was designed to ensnare 

Holmes k Court: may 
have to raise offer 

shareholders stakes He said: 
“There are escape provisions 
which may well enable Beil in 
the end to walk away without 
taking shares for which accep- 
tances are lodged and paying 
for them." 

The iong-running saga of 
Mr Holmes k Court's chase of 
BHP. which started almost 
three years ago, is further 
complicated by the presence 
of two other groups whose 
intentions towards BHP are 
not yet fully clear. 

Mr John Elliott's Elders 
EXL brewing and agriculture 
conglomerate, which at 
present has a bid for Ailied- 
Lyons under review by the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission, swooped earlier 
this month to pick up a 19 per 
cent stake in BHP, while the 
Adelaide Steamship group 
owns between 4 to 5 per cent 

£1 2m tag 
on Dalepak 

By Clare Dobie 

Dalepak Foods, a York- 
shire-based producer of 
griDsteaks, is joining the stock 
market this month with a price 
tag of £12.9 million. It was 
started 10 years ago with 
capital of £75,000. 

The three founders are sell- 
ing some of their shares as 
part of the offer-for-saie. The 
chairman, Mr Jonathon 
Ropaer, is realizing £740,000, 
and two coUeagaes are raising 
£300,000 between them. After 
the offer-for-saie the directors 
and their families win own 56 
per cent of the company’s 
s ha res. 

Since 1976 Dalepak has 
grown quickly and now ac- 
counts for 31 per cent of the 
market for frozen meat prod- 
ucts. It supplies most of the 

In the year to April 30, the 
company doubled production 
capacity at its main factory to 
300 tonnes a week and It has 
plans to expand farther in the 
ready meals market after the 
recent lannch of its Budget 
Gourmet range. 

Profits have increased from 
£77,000 before tax in the year 
to April 30, 1981 loan estimat- 
ed £990400 in the year just 

As part of the offer-Tor-sale 
Dalepak is raising £2JnriDiou 
after expenses of £600,000. 
This new money will reduce 
die gearing ratio from 120 per 
cent to 20 per cent. 

In total 4.7 ntiDran shares 
are on offer at 107p each. 

Key executives to leave Distillers 


Six Distillers directors are 
resigning following the £2.7 
billion takeover by Guinness. 

They include Mr Bill 
Forrest aged 59. and Mr 
David Kerr, aged 60, both key 
executives. Mr Kerr was re- 
sponsible for marketing scotch 
overseas and Mr Forrest han- 
dled strategic planning. 

Lord Madean, aged 69, a 
non-executive director for 
eight years, is also leaving. 

The others are Mr Cary 
Younghusband, aged 62, man- 
aging director of James Bu- 
chanan: Mr John Hoibech, 
aged 64, chairman of the white 
spirits division; and Mr Feger 
Whitley, aged 62, who was. 

responsible for marketing 
whiskies in the EEC 

Distillers declined to say 
whether any of the directors 
would receive compensation. 

Four Guinness directors, 
including the chief executive, 
Mr Ernest Saunders, have 
joined the Distillers board. 

The Directors oi Pegter-Hatterstey pk: are the persons responsible for the information contained in this advertisement 7b the best of their knowledge and befef (having taken aH reasonable 
care to ensure that such is the case) the information contained in this advertisement is in accordance with the foots. Each of the Directors accepts responsMity acconSn^y 



60 ur spending on modernisation of plant and the 
re-positioning of our businesses to take 
advantage of market opportunities have begun to 
pay off in increasing returns for our shareholders. § 

—Peter Matthews 


Pegler- Hattersley pic 

Concern grows as 
America allows 
dollar’s free-fall 

The dollar’s slide has been a 
feet of life for most of the past 
12 months. Since the Septem- 
ber 22 meeting of tbe Group of 
Five at the Plaza Hotel in New 
York, the dollar , has been 
pushed ever lower,' with little 
concern about the pace of Its 

Now, -such concent is 
emerging. The Japanese were 
the fust to be affected as the 
yen’s rise against the dollar, 
first to an uncomfortable 200 
against tbe dollar, then to a 
painful 180, and finally to an 
unbearable 166 , bit vulnerable 
sections of industry. 

This week, for the first time 
since the Plaza accord, the 
Germans, too, appear to have 
decided that enough is 
enough The first Bundesbank 
intervention in support of the 
tumbling dollar 'appeared on 

Yesterday, Herr Karl Otto 
Fohl, the Bundesbank presi- 
dent, said that tbe dollar’s fell 
bad goittfer enough, and that 
a period of consolidation was 
now required. 

Tbe one thing that has been 
missing, so fer at least, is any 
indication from the US Ad- 
ministration that something 
should be done to call a halt to 
the dollar’s felL 

On Wednesday. Mr James 

By David Smith, Economics Editor 

Baker, the US Treasury Secre* 
tary, said that the dollar's fell 
had been orderly and empha- 
sized that the Administration 
had no target for the doBar. He 
also' said teat a further reduc- 
tion in interest raxes would be 
appropriate, hardly tee thing 
for a finance minister con- 
cerned about his currency's 
value to volunteer. 

The big difficulty about the 
dollar at present is that the 
effects of its fell, are taking 
time to come through. This is 
the J-curve effect. 

In the case of tire US, the 
initial effect of the dollar's 
weakening is to produce a 
deterioration in the trade 

Figures released on 
Wednesday showed a $14.52 
billion trade deficit in March, 
against $1 1.37 billion in Feb- 
ruary, mainly because of a rise 
in tee import bill because of 
the lower dollar. 

Japan and Germany, mean- 
while, are running large trade 
surpluses. Japan's 1985/86 
trade surplus, of $61.64 bil- 
lion, comfortably surpassed 
the previous record. 

Germany, according to tbe 
forecast from the five leading 
research institutes in the Fed- 
eral Republic, published this 
week, will run a trade surplus 
of DM100 billion (£29.9 bil- 

lion) this year, easily tbe 
highest ever. 

Just as the United States is 
experiencing the J-curve, 
where tee initial effect of a 
currency decline boosts the 
cost of imports and only 
works through later to an 
increase in tee volume of 
exports, so Japan and Germa- 
ny are experiencing the invert- 
ed J-curve. 

There is thus a danger of a 
seif-feeding situation develop- 
ing. whereby every fell in the 
dollar leads to an apparent 
deterioration in America's 
trading position, the response 
to which is a policy of trying to 

push the dollar down further. 

Tbe J-curve, and the inverse 
of it, appear to be fully 
recognized in Germany and 
Japan. But the US Adminis- 
tration looks to be quite happy 
to ignore it and to preside 
gleefully over the dollar’s 

The foreign exchange mar- 
kets have a natural tendency 
to overshoot — to push a 
currency beyond its equilibri- 
um level and then to pull it 

In the new era of semi- 
managed exchange rates, there 
is an opportunity to prevent 
this from happening. But it is 
dearly not possible without 
the fill] support of tbe United 

• BELLWAY: Interim divi- 
dend 3p (same) for the half-year 
to Jan. 31, 1986. Turnover 
£26.85 million (£19.82 million). 
Profit before tax £1-32 tmfiioa 
(£680.000). Earnings per share 
4.7p (2.4p). The board reports 
that with turnover running at. 
record levels the outlook is 

F J CULUEY: Year to Jan. 
31, 1986. Total dividend 3JS2p 
(3.64p). Turnover £357.4. mii- 
lion (£301129 million). Pretax 
profit £9.53 million (£7.49 mil- 
lion). Earnings’ per share 7.73p 

Wilson, the chairman, told the 
annual meeting that the group 
had acquired Investment En- 
gineering for about £1.1 million. 
Based in Nottinghamshire, 
Investment Engineering pro- 
duces tools for investment cast- 

and plastic mouldings. Mr 
went cm to say that the 
current year had started well for 
Delta. • 

TION: Total dividend for 1985 
8p (7.25 p). Turnover £100 iriiL 
Uon (£94.15 million). Pretax 
profit £4.63 million (£4,85 mil- 
lion). Tax credit £616,000 (debit 
£2.1 million). Extraordinary 
credit £203,000 (nil). 

The company is to offer -for 
Subscription £30 million, 9 per 
cent notes, due 1991, in the 
international capital markets. 
The notes wifi be guaranteed by 
American Cyanamid and tbe 
issue price will be 100 per cent. 

terim dividend I.8p (lJpl pay- 
able on July 9. Turnover for the 
half-year to Feb. 28, 1986, 
£874.000 (£712,000). Pretax 

fit £264,000 (£203,000). 

per share 7-5p(5.5p). 
DUSTRIES: Sandtex is to be 
sold id AKZO, following a 
detailed review of Saodiex’s 
future within the framework of 
BCL Sandtex reported gross 
sales of about £20 million for 


• TRIEFU& Dividend 0.0Sp 
(same) for 1985, payable June 
16. Turnover £22.5 million 
(£21.97 milium). Pretax profit 
£793.000 (Iok& 214,000). Earn- 
ings per share 1.80p (loss 
Il.lTpY Extraordinary Hems 
(net of tax): profit on sale of 
surplus properties £618.000 
(£221,000); provision for 
rationalization and reorganiza- 
tion £600.000 (nil). 

Clients of Anderson and Co 
have purchased from Gregory 
Securities 3J million shares 
(66.12 per cent) at 70%p each. 
An unconditional offer at 70%p 
will be made to the remaining 
holders. Anderson and Co is 
satisfied that funds are avail- 
able. It is the intention of the 
aew board to maintain the 

Year to March 31, 1986. Turn- 
over R 1.850 million (£580 mil- 
lion), against R-l, 803.6 million. 
Pretax profit . R37.9 million . 
(R72.8 millkm). Total 'dividend 
12 cenis/30 cents). Earnings per 
share 242 cents (603 cents). " 

Tbe company has entered into a 
conditional agreement to pur- 
chase Henderson Stainless Sied, 
a private company. The mice 
will be an-issue of 598.000 
ordinary shares, which have 
been conditionally placed on 
behalf of the vendors to realize 
£598,000. This transaction in- 
volves a former director of 
Cooper and is subject to 
shareholders’ approval 

• BAND MINES: Half-year to 
March 31.' 1986. Interim divi- 
dend 105 cents (85 cents). 
Pretax profit R 3 56-2 million 
<£49 " mfflion). against RIOS 
million. Turnover R395.4 mil- 
Boq <R297.6 million). Earnings 

• MANDER& Mr G Norman, 
the chairman, told tee annual 
meeting that trading had been 
much improved in tire first 
quarter. Sales in this country 
were op by 7-5 per cent, while 
overseas sales bad risen by 40 

NOLD TRUST: Total payment 
for 1985 7p (7pl Turnover 
£128.49 million (£120.46 mil- 
lion). Pretax profit £1 million 
(£1.3 mniiou). Earnings per 
share !3.6p < 1 S_5p). 

• SHORROCK: Tbe company 
has started tbe current year 
extremely well, with first-quar- 
ter sales at a record level. Mr 
Stanley Shorrock. the chairman, 
tokl the annual meeting. Orders 
are now more than 50 per cent 
higher than ax the end of last 

' has 

acquired Sewing Machine 
df " Bradford. Yorkshire, for 
^E47 5.000, -satisfied by die issue 
of 374016 ordinary shares. The 
book value ofSMrs net assets 
is £266,908. 

per share 624 cents (456 cents). 
• H C SUNGSBY: Total divi- 
dend for 1985 4p (3.6pk Sales 
£5.75 million (£4.9 [ million). 
Pretax profit £296,000 
(£264,000). Earnings per share 
20 -2p (24. 7p). 




ABN — _ 1050% 

Adam & Company 1050% 

bcci. maw 

Cfflank Savfopsr 10.75% 

Consolidated fete 10.50% 

CortmifeJ Trust 1050% 

Co-operatwe Bate 1050% 

C: Hoare & Do 1050% 

Hong Kong & S&an#w 1050% 

Lloyds Bank 1050% 

Nat Westminster 1050% 

Bank of Scotland 1050% 


Citibank NA 1050% 

t Mortgige Base Rate. 

The Hawley Group Investor Meetings 

If you would like to hear more about one of 
the fastest growing international service 
businesses; come to the Group’s Investor 
Meetings, which will be held at the 
following venues: 


Castle Suite, 
Caledonian Hotel, 
Princes Street, 

Vfednesday 30th April 12 noon 


Brud Suite. v 

Albany Hotel, 

Smaflbrook Queensway, 


Thursday 1st May 12 noon 


Nine Kings Suite, '. 

Royal Lancaster Hotel, 

Lancaster Terrace, 

London W12 

(Immediately above Lancaster Gate tube station O J 

Friday 2nd May 12 noon 

— — --- Mur «i pvunu 

If you would like o copy of the 1985 Repoctand Accounts, pleas® apply to 
Hawley GrouA 5 Horujver Square, London W1R 9HE. * 



The diamond market has turned the comer 

‘the strength and resilience of the centralised selling system is underlined. 

De Beers 

Extracts from 
Julian Ogilvie Thompson’s 
Statement for 1985 

1985 marked the turning point in the 
market for rough diamonds and underlined 
the strength and resilience of De Beers’ 
centralised selling system. This was 
particularly gratifying in view of the problems 
experienced in other commodity s tabilisation • 
schemes. World retail sales of diamond 
jewellery attained yet another record, 
exceeding the 1984 figure by some three per 
cent. Geographically sales were more evenly 
spread, the increase in the United States 
being less spectacular and in the other 
industrialised countries more pronounced, 
than in 1984. 

Cutting centre stocks down 
, The CSO continued its policy of only 
offering for sale those goods for which there 
was immediate demand. Stocks in the cutting 
centres have been brought down at last to 
rearonabb operating levels, and 
manufacturers have been able to trade 
profitably in meeting the demandgenerated 
by the record retail jewellery sales. It follows 
that after this protracted and difficult period 
of destockiiig, the pipeline between the CSO 
and the ultimate consumer has contracted to 
the point where CSO sales should once again 

Looking further ahead, the prospect is that. ; ‘ 
the recent shaipfell in the oil price should 
bring about Iowa: inflation and higher growth, 
in the industrialised countries, and hence 
higher sales of diamond jeweflery : 

Saks trend continues 

Certainly the past year has seen a 
progressive broadening of demand for rough 
into sizes and qualities that have not been 
offered by the CSO in recent years, with the 
result that CSO sales in the second half of the 
year were the highest since 1980. These 
trends have continued inro the cmrent year 
with demand for rough gem continuing at a 
high level during die first three sights and on 
8th April the CSO announced an overall 
increase of 7 5 per certt in the price of rough 
gem diamonds with effect from, the fourth 
sight inMay 

Net current assets improved by R204 
million, while long and medium-term 
borrowings and preference shares in issue by 
subsidiaries together fell by R12 million, 
giving an overall improvement in funding of 
R2 16 million. Had the conversion rate used 
in 1985 applied in 1984 as well, the . 
improvement would have amounted to R532 
million. Our borrowings are low in relation 
both to our overall facilities and to our total 

The value of inve stmen ts and long-term 
loans outride thediamond industry increased 
by R2, 193 million to R5,880 mill ion, or 
1 .634 cents per share, and yielded income of 
R215 million compared with R183 million 
the previous yean 

Indu strial Division .. 

Our Industrial Division had another 
satisfactory year, with profits in Dollar lei ms 
being marginally ahead of the 1984figuie 
though total sales fell just short of it. Carat, 
turnover in natural diamond increased, but 
the reduction in sales value - caused largely by - 
the slump in exploration drilling for minerals 
and oil -and the lower synthetic grit sales 
*ere not quite offset by noticeably improved 
sales of the newer polycrystalline dtoond__ .. 
and other hard abrasive products. 

New and improved techniques developed 
at the Diamond ReseaichUboimory 
successfully introduced at the three synthetic 
manufacturing plants and resulted in a further 
Auction in direct costs, notwithstanding • 

us to 

offer a more comprehensive range of diamond 
and cubic boron nitride composites than any 
other manufacturer; and several interesting 
opportunities lie ahead. Research into new 
uses for natural diamond grit has been 
especially active in the light of the increased 
quantities that will be available now that the 
Aigyle mine, a major producer ofboart and 
drilling stones, is coming into full production. 

Production from the De Beers mines and 
Debswana, in which De Beers has an equal 
partnership with the Government of 
Botswana, fell slightly by 85,000 carats to 
23,251,000 carats. 

The report of a commission, appointed in 
1982 to inquire into alleged irregularities and 
misapplication of property in representative 
authorities and the central authority of South 
AXfest Africa/Namibia, known as the Thirion 
Commission, was published on 7th March 
1986, by the Transitional Government of 
National Unity in Windhoek. Among the 
Commissioner’s findings CDM, without 
having given evidence or been called upon to 
do so, is said to have breached the provisions 
of its mining title, namely the Halbscheid 
Agreementj which requires that mining 
should be. carried on -4 'satisfactorily to the 
Administration and not with a view to 

exhausting the superficial and more valuable 
deposits to the detriment of the low grade 
deposits 71 . At no stage has there been any 
suggestion from the Administration that 
CDM was not carrying on mining 
satisfactorily and CDM is confident that it has 
not breached any of its obligations and that its 
mining practices have not been detrimental 
to the State. On the contrary, by the 
introduction of innovative and cost-effective 
techniques CDM has rendered hitherto 
unpayable ground payable, and thus 
progressively extended the life of the mine. 

On current projections, only about two per 
cent of the estimated original carat inventory 
of the mining area will be left behind at the 
end of the life of the mine. Of this, about half 
is in ground which is inaccessible using 
cunent mining techniques. In the meantime, 
prospecting continues in the hope of 
identifying new reserves. Naturally within 
the limits of production technology, CDM 
has always followed a policy of responding to 
market conditions, so that when demand is 
high more diamonds are produced and when 
the market is in recession, as it has been over 
the last five years, the rate of production is 
lowered.. -Indeed, since 1981 , a number of 
production facilities at CDM have remained 

jeseajch and development have enabled 

Thk earring, widi marquise and sound shaped diamonds set in mode- of peari was one of 30 successful entries &cm 1428 designs simaffid from 
33 coujniearar ^Dumonds-lzaacadDna] .Awards presented in Milan in March. These awards have been o^ganaed by De Beets for ewer 30 yean oo 

hdpifnpiwe Ac quality and aondbd of jewdkay design. 

temporarily closed without affecting CDM’s 
share of sales. These facts are hardly 
compatible with a policy of excessive 
depletion of CDM’s reserves. As in the past, 
CDM fully intends to continue operating 
within its rights and obligations, in 
consultation with the authorities and in 
accordance with the law. 

Unified wage structure 

Industrial relations on our various 
operations have been satisfactory; due in part 
at least to the Company’s long-standing 
adherence to a unified wage structure and 
continuing implementation of merit-based 
manning policies, supported by extensive 
training and development programmes for 
employees at all levels. The removal of 
statutory job reservation in the mining 
industry in South Africa is now a matter of 
great urgency, and intensive discussions 
between the industry, the unions and the . 
Government are at last taking place. It is 
crucial that the outcome should be fair and 
should provide equal opportunity to all. 

Committed to change 
• South Africa has been through a 
particularly difficult year. The need to abolish 
apartheid in all its forms and create a socio- 
political dispensation that gives fair and equal 
opportunity to all is now more widely 
recognised than ever before. Your Company 
has long been in the forefront of those 
committed to such changes- and it is 
encouraging that the Government has 
announced many substantial reforms. Several 
have been implemented and the remainder 
are expected to receive legislative approval 
during the present session; it is hoped that 
further initiatives will soon follow. We shall 
continue to do all we can to accelerate the 
process of evolutionary change. 

Our Deputy Chairman, Mr N icholas 
Oppenheimei; has succeeded Sir Philip 
Oppenheimer as Chairman of the CSO. Sir 
Philip filled that role with great distinction for 
30 years and De Beers and, indeed, the whole 
diamond industry is deeply indebted to him. 
Fortunately, we shall still benefit from Sir 
Philip’s experience and wisdom for he will 
continue to be a member of our hoard arid to 
play a leading role in certain key aspects of the 
CSO’s activities. 

Over the past year I have been able to visit 
each of our main operating centres and have 
been impressed everywhere by the loyalty, 
enthusiasm and devotion of De Beers 7 
employees. Their efforts over this decade in 
containing costs and yet maintaining 
productivity have been of great importance in 
helping us to come through a period that has 
been the most difficult in De Beers’ history 
since the 1930s. The board and I are 
extremely graceful to all our people for these 

The full Chairman’s Statement is 
contained in the Annual Report of the 
Company for the year ended 3 1st December 
1985 which was posted to registered 
Shareholders on 1st May 1986. 

De Beers Consolidated Mines Limited 
(Incorporated in the Republic of South Africa) 

London Office 

40 HoLbom Viaduct, London EC1P 1AJ. 

De Beers 


•s > 
•as j 

• a? 


• ’ ; 

•et i 

• a 


•in ; 

•d t 

•ie . 

• K : ; 

•is ‘ 

• o 





• ir 1 


•>f ' 








•ly : 



•?f « 

: i 









inn i uvlco rxvjj^Al iviAl 1 i?00 


Million pound bright spark contest 



A competition with £1.25 million In 
awards to stimulate more research and 
development in small firms and start-up 
companies was launched this week by the 
Department of Trade and industry. 

The scheme — the Small Firms Merit 
Award for Research and Technology 
(Smart) — Is looking for innovative ideas 
in two particular areas of technology, 
instrumentation and biotechnology. Indi- 
viduals and UK firms with np to 200 
employees are eligible. The competition 
will be of particular interest to potential 

entrepreneurs in academic institutions 
and big companies who want to start their 
own companies to develop bright ideas 
they are unable to exploit at the moment 

Smart has two phases. There will be 20 
awards of up to £37.500 for the first year, 
followed by grants of 50 per cent in the 
second year and 25 per cent in subse- 
quent years depending on the technical 
progress made by the applicant 

Geoffrey Pattie. minister for informa- 
tion technology, said: “Highly innovative 

Ideas are, by their very nature, usually 
risky and innovators can find it difficult 
to raise the modest amounts of capital 
needed to get going.** The competition is 
part of the department's contribution to 
Industry Year but may be extended in 
further years to other technical fields if 

• Contact: The Smart Office, Depart- 
meat of Trade and Industry, Room 204, 
Ashdown Haase, 123 I'tctoria Street, 
London SW1 6RS. 

Live wire: Nicholas Tusch with his microprocessor-based inspector device which detects the degree of corrosion hi steel 

By Teresa Poole 

For the last year the Royal Dairy at 
Windsor Castle has been undergoing a 
painstakingly slow process of restora- 
tion. Each tile, brick, and window pane 
has been removed, made structurally 
sound and waterproof, then reassembled 
in a repeat performance of the original 
building process. 

The company at work. Colebrand. has 
analysed the old building materials and 
made detailed studies of the history of 
the building. According to the managing 
director. Nicholas Tusch. “The difficulty 
is not in making it look new. but on 
conserving what is there.’* 

The dairy is one of several heritage 
buildings Colebrand has helped restore 
in its 15 years as a protective coatings 
and specialist materials manufacturer. 


■ Sixty small businesses set up by 
under-25s from Merseyside will be 
represented at a new trade fair to be 
held in Liverpool to interest commercial 
buyers and the public in the products 
and services offered by the young 
entrepreneurs. The fair, called Lin Off. 
will be held at the Britannia Adelphi Hotel, 
over three days Starting on June 17, 
coordinated by the Toxteth-based Into 
Business Project, a non-profit-making 
body which aims to channel youngsters 
with no jobs into starting their own 

Sectors covered will include precision 
engineering. infra-red photography, 
specialist pet supplies, interior 
landscaping, construction trades and 

Man of steel 
with a liking 
for problems 

Audley End House in Essex, the statues 
of Torosay Castle in Scotland. 
Framlingham Castle. Harrow School 
Chapel and the Tower of London have 
all benefited from the company’s 

Set up in 1971 by Mr Tusch. an 
Austrian chemical engineer who came to 
Britain in 1962 because he wanted to 
learn English, the original idea was to be 
a building-materials research organiza- 
tion. It soon became obvious that 

• Contact: Into Business Project, New 
Enterprise Workshops, South v\fest 
Brunswick Dock. Toxteth. Liverpool 
L3 4AR; phone (051) 708 0952. 

■ A damning criticism of the 
Government s small-business policy was 
made this week by the Association of 
Independent Businesses in its 1986-7 
programme. AIB says that 106 
measures introduced by the 
Conservatives have had little impact 
on the economic climate for small firms 
and that the sector has continued its 
long-term trend of decline beyond 
acceptability. The associations calls 
on the Government to stop concentrating 
on new enterprise formations at the 
expense of established small 
businesses.and makes several 
proposals, including a wage subsidy for 
employers who take on long-term 

Colebrand would not survive unless it 
also took on the development of its 
products and expanded into manufactur- 
ing. The company turned to the develop- 
ment of coatings to protect steel and 
concrete on land. 

The research roots of the company are 
still apparent; its research and develop- 
ment expenditure is higher than that of 
most small companies. Last year 
Colebrand spent £750,000 on research, 
compared with turnover of about £4.5 
million. Though conservation accounts 
for about a fifth of turnover, it is the big 
steel-protection contracts that bring in 
most of the work. Projects have included 
the steel coating on the M5 motorway, 
steel girders which hold up the motorway 
at Spaghetti Junction and last year the 
surface preparation and painting of the 
underwater piling in New York harbour. 

|| FEE 



Half of the 53 franchises planned t 

for the UK have been awarded. Only 25 jj 

Entre Computer Centers is the 
world's largest publicly owned computer r 
centre network. Our centres sell IBM, ' 
Compaq and other business and professional 
systems on a consultative value-added basis. 

If you.oryourcorporation, have entrepre- 
neurial passion and high-level sales, { 

marketing or business management ^ 

experience, call our Franchise Develop- 
ment Department during business hours. 

The time is now. The diance is rare. 

.tl 1 1 IvCcerreRS* , 

0753 31222 

• Edinburgh has now been awarded. 



C omwf an ag to estate 
tHti butmos to butenm and 
pcnon to person ctonM 
rounds In Bw M2S area and 
Central London. 

Full and conUnoos tramwa 

Tab Hr MA Warner 
01-370 ltd 


Keenest suppliers at 
CeBphones on lease or ptf- 
cftasa. Nationwide staladan 
A nauntanance. 

Please phone for free 
friendly advice. 

0742 730011. 

zjk/0 TONS York Stone flags 
End of leas* force* sale. Never 
to be reposted otter. Td: 061 
22S 0681 or 061 291 678S. 

•Well, that’s enough about your cash- 
flow problems — now let’s talk about 

SALES ACE provides eounsel- 
bng/ HUoatve care. Motsty/ 
daily basts. 0234 68082 


Ton ««t Puerto Del La Cruz. Situate) rartre of town ovatootang Plaza, f 2 
mms hstnm/sea). elegant restaurant nqntctaB Bodega recently refur- 
lushed D nub sraratoii. Reformation of camoany tones sale. Bno dsois 
at property. F'M. from terrace *tti tables & Cars, restaurant approx ISO 
manes, snafl racial ta. [resonant saabng 80 persons) idly equoped 
down lo te ws 8 torts. Kitchen well teapot to please most dscamaig 
chefs, start finmv rms/Wets etc. 

Club consists: 180 metres seams 130-150 persons & otters 
darang area, stage bar. (fully eoiajioed. lotchen. fades & gents Cloak- 
rooms. Inky at cons t There is additional space included wfoch is npe tor 

To appreciate potential of ttus Investment a visual ap p r ag al is mcom- 
menttea. All necessary Pcenses and pemwsao taw teen granted, thus 
enaldng any possible nreer to open & start trading nrannhaiely. A speedy 
sale is reourad. bn the once £25(1000. Vaicus apoons avail: dub or 
rEstaaant can be said seomsly (F/H) or can be ottaed on 99 yr lease 
trass: your prase* p roperty taken in part etch. 

Prmnpate wily reply nr 

BOX B46. C/0 Tbe Tines. P0 Box 484, nrptaa St Intern Et 


in North West requires capital of up to £50,000 
to finance huge upsurge in OFders. 

Share of ownership offered and management 
expertise welcome. 






Otxel UK the major new marketing force in tetecoro- 
tnuntcaiions are now looking for dealers nationwide. 

We siren- 

1. Brand leader preducts fSTC/rm. 

2. Nbim M l maintenance A IwMMton wvlca. 

3- RWRunal are i w support package. 

4. Saks A product iratnlop 
6- Lusting new touts far 1987. 

(0992) 700459/700499 


aft shops - cash business. Blackpool town centre. 
Growth profit for 27 weeks trading 1984 season 
£243.000 and growing + extra. 1985 season accounts 
being prepared and wfll be similar. Genuine reason for 
selling. Reply to BOX B34, c/o Times Newspapers, 
PO Box 484, Virginia St, off The Highway. London E/1 
9DD . 


Business with annual profits in excess of S120K. Asset 
value including purpose built warehouse £450 K. Over 
400 storge contracts. Experience management & staff. 
Potential for further expansion. Price £650 K. 

Please reply Box B85, C/0 The Times. P 0 Box 484, 
Virgina St London El. 


Unnamed 5-Y-O Bay Gelding by Brave Invader 
( USA )/J us! Darina. Probable Cheltenham Festival run- 
ner *87. Ideal for Company advertising purposes. 
15.000 + VAT. Hone sold to stay m yard. 

Andrew Turned (0235) 833297. 


ft nskntot 

An oranmry twsnd 
Someone who an Me dtosans. 

Someone mho tmu sU dam unc iB B ba i mam. 

li »c*j are one o» all of me aw* and km ukmmi aid a ustoo for bow Craigs 

can wort, then you couia Be the neraon we re looting foi. 

Were looking for someone who nh mmno consuma twaShnre gnxfucts. 
You ■»'i oe oan oi me txrtti of a ww genean a i of va ttfljeme probes, you 
wtu cei mere on d n man ms you out a. Roxy u SOX B87 . 


to five and work on The COSTA DEL 50l_ Spanish 
property company offers lucrative partnership to an ex- 
perienced Builder 'mimkt w«i capital and ability to run t ilia 
bunding DfMTalKRi and contract labour lore*. Vnry high tatTuiyp 
immediate tetri. 

Mil run c.v Rrety to:- 
BOX 820 c o Till Tifiws Newspapers. 

P O Bov 484 . Virginia SI. 
off The Highway. London Cl. 


Situated In East Anglia. Consideration given to 
merger, sale or partnership. Freehold industrial prop- 
erty. Modern office Wock and 4 acres of land. 
RepSes given in strictest confidence to BOX C42. C/O 
The Times, PO Box 484, Virgma St, London El. 



Capital reoXred lo purchase country mansion In Us own 
grounds with building potential. Already bousing a newly 
opened school foe children with sp ee c h and language disor. 
den as well as being operated as a centre for conferences 
and YTS residential courses Good rales of interest on a 
high return protect. 

(0935) 74752 


Development in the North West of England 
(Lake District ft S.W. Scotland), write 54a Wood 
SL Mary port. Cumbna. 0900 815851 


Our team is soeaai. Monmouth Char Counsellors is txwxj ex- 
panded. We nave vacancies throughout the UK lor the ngnt 
people who have desgn flaw, get on wel with people, are self 
motivated an q nave successful seOng experience. We look to- 
ward to the opportunity of Mlkng you more. Do cafi us. 

Marageret Hwrtseon. The Mo nm outh CM Cempeny LaS, 
Moonccdh, Gwent 0600 453S. 


Hard driving entrepreneurs needed for 
marketing and supervision in record 
breaking business. Highest earning 
potential. We train. For details call: 

01-243 8559 


for the acquisition of private companies. Will 
consider joint ventures with established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sates 
and management buy outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01 935 5795 or 486 6139. 


npondlnp company engaged in tnermo pMsztc mtretton mould - 
cw1 ‘* c r w,, f -Tsnuig *o ttisoo* o« order boob or 

(P-msu*c noducuon facilma tto tncliuie aMuttitmn j. 
equipment wtiece siiuMfi 

Parucular» in the first iraumcw lo. 


ft mabrnfoiil office on 2 lewh. fully fvmsha) for sals of wiL A ■ 
S 0 ra, .l o ?S? fcWjpeB «m telex. 7 foletMn knes ft muna- 



Funner touts please 

(0491) 872131. 


for successful companies large or 
small. Disclosed or confidential. An in- 
dependent Broker Warwick Financial 

01 446 6931/2 


Esttbfehed retaB company with its own sxdufcvs products are 
locAing for the first lime for people with integrity who desire a 
secure future with wait above average eammgs. Full company 
backing and assistance green with no dtoga to existing 
business wtach wa lead to excefient growth for years to come. 

Business maided people who can afford to fond Bcansed stock 
for oniy one month's sales of approx. £9.500 urfuch ndudes tub 
traMrg. eb stationary raqmments aid even a new car is 
taken care of to you ki the exclusive package. 

Areas to cow would be the whole of UK and Ireland. Finance 
can be arranged it required. 

Don’t delay - Write or t el e pho n e us today end your 
wirrcsx f u l tome cat begin. 

Contact Stuart Jones. Seles Director, 

RetaS Marketing Services Ltd. 268-272 Moseley Road, 
Hgngate, Birmtngham B12 OBT. 

Telephone: 021-440 4360/440 4431 




LonfrestabKsbcd and profitable engineering company in 
Horae Counties specialising in Preoston Toohnabng and 

Freehold and Leasehold Properties. 

. Turnover in excess of £!,000i000 per annum 
. . . Principals anly apply to: ■■ 


Chartered Accountants 

46 Cambridge Road, Barking, Essex IG11 8NW. 


A loan I can 

Raise capital or rationalise 
your existing loans or 
financial problems the 
economical way. 
Even with mortgage 
arrears, court judgements. 
For quick action ask 


H0YLAKE, WIRRAL Td: 051-6323391 Hog CwdiDfiwr 



mifT iau o u ai company wtra unique product and well esutousftrt 
In the UK market place H Making for go ahead matnated people 
wishing lo sUtt their own twinm. 

FROM £10,000 to £23,500 

A camplMc butenes gnekage tt offered and tncludec 

H you have dme and Inlnattvp. want to grt more ota of We than 
you are getting hare is We opportunity to gel you ou your way 
way proTHaftiy. 


Tel: Mllw Huu e mm i for a brnctnire 

Luton (0582) 503177 

n could be nve best call ymi nave ever made 



. . .. Management Buy Outs/Devalasmem Capital/ 

BES schemas/ OTC issues 


Debtors and stock finanong/toog am loans/ 
tetters Of eredtvexport prefinance/VAT bonds. 


(fommereiai/OHca/residential devatopnwnL 
We have i mm ed ia te and various sources of Amts. 
Contact David Franks 


388*398 Oxford Street, London WIN SHE 

Tel: 01-491 4924 


Bordering with Kent. 
Leased or purchase. Please 
reply with full details to 
BOX B97 . 


Large U.K. based food group seeks to acquire com- 
pany processing and marketing trash fish (not freezers 
or earners). 

FdH statement of dent's acquisition criteria avaflableln 
confidence from: 

OeoTtrey Dtrtton or Roger Brawn 

I If T 39 0uwn Atm Street 
JJU London W 1 M 9FA 

TjA 01-486 8142 

Professionals in buying & selling companies 


well established with substantial client base, and 
wfth large library of own microcomputer software 
(including leading market products which are IBM 
compatible) has major portion of equity for sale 
due to rationalisation of a public group. Reply to 
BOX B64 . 


HreMng AidCompany tor sole. RctaU Operation 
«««“ or OTTOJOBO per annum. A number of 
otXieti plus well main lamed and active Um- Index. 

box na . 

C.'o Tiroes Newspapers. 
P.O Box d8«. 
Virginia Stnd. 
London Cl 900. 


product covered by UK and European patent 
wishes to sell parent rights or would consider li- 
censing same. This product has been accepted by 
The Ministry Of Transport- reccom mended by 
R.O.S.P.A.. pad has been road tested successfully 
for 2 years proving itself to be inexpensive with 
enonno l b po tential . For further Information Reply 



***** •" town* nraera mgwiiei wnn insuiuiion 

Contact D. Sntithan 

029S 86301. 


close to M82 motorway, junct 25. Ex bank premises: 
Suitable for a number of professions, solicitors, ac- 
countants. architects, budding societies. Fully fitted 
tonWng hall: Separate office, full security room, staff 
room, seperate tedies and gents conveniences and 
first floor fiat Pnca £40,000. Tefc (0924) 402730. 


Amemton ao pnrapccuvv postal area ncanccM. 

ft jr ww am imncee has been conducting ms own 
hi depth Inveshg aoon into the feasibility of this txoumt start up 

W ttti ffifwtttno results. 

He now wishrs to hear from Mlwr taititon or potential 
Investors with a vtew n> setting uv an tromoKleut body or 

Unrtemtortha mutual exchange p| udonnatkon and protaction. 

. ln> fr«« d wrhes should write including then- name, ad- 
nurn0,!r brttowi or allocated postal area to 


90 ft steel ex fishing vessel fully certificated in 
excellent condition. Ideal for sport or commercial 
diving/ surveying/ sport fishing/ small cargoe 
carrying or just as a mobile home. Wanted holiday 
house Portugal/ Spain or Channel isles preferred 
Reply to BOX B84 . 


Don't worry any more. Is your company having 
rash now problems? Do you face liquidation or 
banknurtcy? We will take afl pressures off you. All 
enquiries treated in tne strictest of confidence. Ross 
walker * Associates. Stonecrof! House. Stratford 
Rd.. Lojdey. Warwick CV36 9JW. 

Telephone (0789) 841292. 

Telex 8814198 ADPHON 

telex & facsimile 

m todays mown aw of advanced commimtouians ran 

=S5S :s =BsaK3S£ 

M 4 ^ 5 ' ^tarmMaus ‘“rnilt, Wuihlu Ltd , Ol- 

" v ' : ^V 


: :.r ’3* 

■?ff - >>' :: 

J..” - * .* • » 

i**e**TO« f R*KKS I 

•#><*«> ri I'VLIMT" - * "■ * 

£M 9 ' 4324 


nt M2?£S- st - 

-unMifei ■ 

w* : ?sr^- \ 

*r -m ■■*' ; • * ■•'•. '■ 

mr. •*«'•' -y **' 

«* » * - * yI . ■ : 

A fereina 

franchise is 
your opportunity 

|(ir expenence in itne high performance uPVC 

window growth industry. Wa provide the ftf| 

planning, business, technical, marketing, staff sete* 
won and tramng back-up on a continuing basis which 
you would expect from a large successful company. 
Apply now tor information on one of the tow exclusive 
remaining areas. 

Telephone 0226-728310and ask for Franchising Dept 
National Franchising Manager. 


If yours is a medium to large com- 
pany manufacturing quality, goods 
and you wish to export to America 
please contact us. We have an es- 
tablished sales and distribution 
network with some very large cus- 
tomers and are looking for new 
products or services to market 
there. Please Reply to BOX F87 . 


6.000 + table tennis bats. Good dual- 
ity. Bankrupt stock. Best offer 

01-850 0420 



SESPlM* JP MA. mSC to rafflng Us and forest of Wetafa 


FH* greetings cards. small fancy goods In Oatrai MkSazals. 
have opening for farther stock/conrabtoon te top quality 
tUe a bl e Urns tftncUvitv wtai and pufiatr-* 

AU n p M tl treated In saw confidence. 

Reply to BOX F 80 . 

C/o The Thnea. P O Bax 484. Vtgbila Street. London El. 

. _ ladies pasties in cotton A eny. btfies conetry. 

thennl underwe a r , ladies knee hkb fine nylon soda, »■*■■■« sety 
under wear fmainJ} briefs). baby neaj/qniti sets, baby tbiwb, baby 
rompers m towdoiog. y*. sfs. no sleeves: mens nylon sods ft wool 




Am you mdy for May lift 
and after ? 

Contact John Parfft 

01 660 4449 


Market Leader in RsfWd 

-Window pressing tor 
aB types of businesses" 
seeks master 
(fistrtbutor. dstrlbutors, 
commercial agents, tor 
all sectors of tne United 
Kingdom, vwy large 
. commissions. 


GB Roe WaUock Ream 
69806 LYON (FRMtCq 




Cathay Sales of bitter flat 
issue as ] a g er bubbles 

^<i!S-A to 41% of market 

ic offering of snares m 

ay Pacific. Hong Kong's By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 



CHRJj OKEFOn, N. Oonef . De- 
Hghiful luHy mod 2 bM cdOmc 
6 miles Bmdford Forum. 
. £54.960 lac carpet*. Eve 01 - 
204 1607 or 951 0315 



A basinets I eon nan a«9y tmm hem* witfiunSmitnd 
pefntM. on cxduirt arcs, regular repast ordarv 
high pr o fit b i org a n, ps ail hre cosh Beer, msiimnl 
overheads, no stock ngiurrmant and osar £100 per 
day profit It can woak far you too. Foe detoBa tend « 

9x< SAC to The Marketing Piractoi, S c o rpion House, 
High St Turvey, Bedford MK43 SOB. 

. NEW 


DsWssra atf sdK’agnts n parted. 

Saleswoman ite/F) a camnsssn tastoidiidbaodeapB ram to 
Es»e agents, tefloos. Local Angaries. Motor Deeonws/FsifcnHS 
etc. toga rewards and b£ tack-up tor Bk ng&t people. 

01- 629 1100 


No Premium 

Prestfee Itn c an x to d 
showroom offices aDIndo- 
due wtth phone + T/X. 
homed avail. Short /long 
term. Parking tacunies. 

Fraai £75 pw 
01-S3S 4S08 



and coonter sarverihnee 
equipment for both lie ana- 
ion - A professional. Ring or 
mite for price tin. 

716 Lee Bridge M 






No promtum. 20 far. ae- 
erg Prestige furniture 
carpeted offices with tete- 
plune and Ilex. From £70 
pwkafl industve. Short/ 
long term. Parking 

01-439 4809 



Hong Kong (Reuter) - A 
public offering of snares in 
Cathay Pacific, Hong Kong's 
leading airline, was more than 
55 times oversubscribed, its 
financial advisers said today. 

Baring Brothers said inves- 
tors had handed over more 
than HKS51 billion (£4.2 bil- 
lion) in (he hope of getting 
shares. Allocations are expect- 
ed to be announced next week. 
Trading will begin on May 15. 

“It’s much more money 
than we had expected”, a 
Baring Brothers official Mr 
Paul Hitchcock, said after 
more than 230,000 applica- 
tions had been processed. The 
offer dosed on Tuesday. 

Cathay had offered 226 
million shares, or 8.5 per cent 
of its stock, at HKS3.88. 

Another 1 72 million shares 
were reserved for airline em- 
ployees and institutional in- 
vestors and the offer was 31 
times oversubscribed if those 
are counted. 

The news pushed stock 
prices higher yesterday, with 
the market index rising more 
than 11 points to equal the 
record. 1,848.65 set on 

Beer sales overall are still in 
the doldrums but lager is a 
growing market, with premi- 
um lagers showing by tor the 
biggest sales increases — 15 per 
cent or more. 

The emergence of the stron- 
ger and more expensive lagers 
as the biggest growth sector is 
most marked m the South of 
England, according to Mr 
Stephen Digby, managing di- 
rector of Harp Lager. 

Lager now accounts for 41 
per cent of sales in the beer 
market, while premium lagers 
make up 19 per cent of all 
lager sales. But in the South 
premium lager accounts for at 
least 25 per cent of lager sales 
and possibly nearer 30 per 
cent, Mr Digby said. 

There is stiff competition 
among the premium lagers. 
Harp has reformulated its 
Kronen bo urg brand and after 
a six months sales increase of 
about 40 per cent is claiming 
to be market leader in draught 
premium lager. 

But Bass has been expand- 
ing sales of its Tennents brand 

in this sector — its Carting is 
overall lager market leader — 
while other firmly established 
premium lagers include 
Carlsberg's Special Brew, Stel- 
la Artois and Lowed bra u. 

Harp Special was re- 
launched last autumn as Harp 
Extra, a premium lager, and a 
sales increase of 70 per cent in 
the first year is hoped for. 

Harp as an overall brand 
lost its way between 1977 and 
1983 and its market share 
dropped from 10 to about 7 
percent . 

Since then Harp Lager has 
restructured its operations, 
and the marketing company, 
which is 75 per cent owned by 
Guinness and 25 per cent by 
Greene King, the regional 
brewer, plans to spend £4 
million on promotion this 

Mr Digby said; “The re- 
structuring of the Harp opera- 
tion means thereis still a bit of 
volume shakeout still to come 
for the standard lager but we 
are now looking overall to an 
increase in maiket share". 



EsL agents throughout UK 
for newly patented product/ 
sarvtca successfuly proven. 

£300* nxt. ^TateSone 0602 


For a unique raw of re- 
placement truck body 
panels. No competition in 
the UK. 

Write in first instance to: 
BOX C37,, E/o The Tines, 
P 0 Box 4H, VntfM St. 
Lanka EL 

LMJDWATCK Herts. OM Lodgt 
lolly wMt tob td. CdnioiWM 
London, limit s n w . MSS. a 
Items. Adam fireplaces- 5 Beds 
12 eo suite) 1 modern family 
bath. Recently decor ate d QCM. 
4 ige dry cellar*. DM garage to 
acrosMi BtUsdgdw- J32S.0Q0 
For immediate omtebrn. Tel: 
0*23 778990 


we ar of dcml catHara. 

Large tony m o de r ni s e d town 
house nearing completion. 3 
bedro om s, halt. ba th room, 
kitchen. 26R lounge, dtntng 
haiL shower room, average sue 
garden, yet to be developed 
with pp tor single garage. 
£48^00 ashed. Tal Dean 

French snap up AHS for £32m 

-By Teresa Poole 

■ III l . l .. l ' i :J. l l I 





Corporate Finance Assoc 
Founded 1956 has 65 of- 
fices across USA and 
represents in confidence 
ap pro x 200 co's tor sale; 
(hstribmion manufactur- 
ing or retaiL 

Can 404-399 5633 or 
write Russell Hades. 
CFA 6600 Feachnee- 
Domroody BiL, Bldg. 300 , 
Stele 670 . Atlanta, 
Georgia 30328 . 


Company for sale. 

Mfai for small 
business start up. 

it is possible to turn 
£1000 into £10.000 
very quickly. Low 
known risk. 

01-830 S732 

wall. HUT e nginee ri n g com- 
pany n ee ds fan OOP to put 
spedattMd vetride throoglt Gw- 
man regulations, view to 
marketing Klees? BOX CS7 . 

Live mooa o now wim 

wdh finance reouved. Contact 
JrH Bawden wfth C.V, 37 
Keston Hoad. London N17 6PJ. 


Recruitment Con- 
sults. place your 
confrartore through 
my agy- nay to you 
£1000 per analyst 
programmer tax 
paid. Confidentially 
call Colin Roberts 
0224 69109 today. 


AOTKtom natal aOst •» 
toO tedacmr ing hcni f md 

UcCakn. Apoto wndav 
Bkncs. Jctettton Ava. 
Glasgow. Telephono 041 910 


Sdutti DBWC?*? jS 
sort. Current T/Q ft *600 
pu Mat Iffi* d moots. 


Reply to BOX BBS- 



Europe’s largest chain 
ol FfBuctaed Beauty Cen- 
tres. vwto over 1000 ou ftwat . 
Ib now expending In the LLK. 

Our unrfwBed range of 
400 Beauty products ooUU 
provide you uadi a usque 
opportunity to twi yow own 
high street bossiest. . 

’ n the concept ol Natural 
Beauty torn Rants exotes 
you and you have £18 - 
£20100 captiar avaBabie. 

nease rtag:- 

01-403 4944 OR WRITE TD: 

FraxftaDevekvnett Meager. 
Vvet ftxbH (lendoaj Lti. 
Chape) Court. 1696 ^ 

S Sf&StA 


- but we caa tetl you what to 
aspects of MforooornputBre 
caS Oxford Momndon 


Notice to hereby -given Out 
amendments to the Poan Mar- 

■ h « ■ 1 1 1 1 » i .. ■ t . « r -f« — w - .i* 

A French energy manage- 
ment service company yester- 
day took control of Associated 
Heat Services, the beating 
plant operator set up by the 
National Coal Board in 1966, 
90 minutes after launching a 
bid valuing the company at 
£39.2 million. 

After announcing the agreed 
490p per share cash offer, 
Compagnie Generate de 
Chaune immediately went 
into the market and bought 
enough shares to take its stake 
from 36 per cent to just over 
50 per cent and the bid was 
declared unconditional 

AHS shareholders will also 
receive a second interim divi- 

Blue Circle Industries: Mr 
David Poole win become joint 
managing director from July 1 
and Dr Gordon Marshall will 
be made deputy chairman and 
joint managing director. 

Hughes Allen: Mr Victor 
Dauppe is now a partner. 

Lazard Brothers: Mr Peter 
Hock has been appointed an 
executive director. 

Birds Eye - Wall’s: -Mr P R 
BnshiU-Matthews has been 
made sales and distribution 

PPF Internationa): Dr Sergo 
LecchJni has become opera- 
tions director, flavours and 
food ingredients (Europe): 

Hogg Robinson: Mr John 
Beer has been appointed a 
director of Hogg Robinson & 

dendof JOpand there will bea 
loan note alternative. 

Hie company, whose chair- 
man is Lord Ezra the former 
coal board chairman, said last 
week that it was in negotia- 
tions about a takeover and the 
shares bad since jumped from 
333p to 450p. Yesterday they 
gained 38p to 488p. 

CGC was a founder share- 
holder of AHS, with the NCB 
and Ocean Transport & Trad- 
ing, and has been the 
company's largest shareholder 
since the stock market flota- 
tion in 1982 when the NCB 
sold its stake. 

AHS runs coal oil and gas- 
fired heating plants and boil- 

ers for industrial commercial 
and government customers. 

Its profits suffered during the 
miners’ strike but have since 
recovered and the company 
made pretax profits of £1-75 i 
million in the six months to 
September 28 last year. 

CGC is an 80 per cent- 
owned subsidiary of of 
Compagnie Generate des 
Eaux whose main businesses 
include the treatment and 
supply of drinking water, the 
management of sewerage sys- 
tems, and civil engineering. It 
is quoted on the Paris bourse 
and has a market capitaliza- 
tion of £1.7 billion. 


Gardner Mountain. He also 
becomes managing director of 
Hogg Robinson (Non-marine 
Reinsurance Brokers): 

Cazenove & Co: Mr J G H 
Paynter . has joined the 

Philip Harris Holdings: Mr 
Robin Hitchcock has become 
a non-executive director. 

• Astley & Pearce (Sterling): 
Mr Henry Ebdon and Mr 
Jonathan Onyett have joined 
the board. 

Tri-Wall: Mr Kit Marriott 
has been made director of 
sales and marketing. 

Courtaulds: Mr R D 

Lapthorne is to become an 
executive director. Mr Colin 
Coraess has been made a non- 
executive director. 

The Institute of Manpower 
Studies: Mr John Elliott has 
been appointed director. 

Theodore Goddard: Mr Si- 
mon Goodworth and Mr Peter 
Cooke have joined the part- 
nership and the new associates 
are: Mr Michael Allen, Miss 
Rosemary Guiding, Mr David 
Kilsfaaw, Miss Jeanette 
Shellard, Mr John Taylor and 
Mrs Joyce Smyth. 

BET: Mr Richard Graves is 
to become managing director 
of the Roomseis subsidiary' 
and will also join the board of 

The Book Trade Benevolent 
Society: Mr G R Davies has 
been made president, Mr P H 
B Allsop chairman and Mr 
John Dracott vice-chairman 

19% rise 
in profit 
by Pegler 

By Alison Eadie 

Pegler-Hattersley, which is 
fighting a £187 million bid 
from FH Tomkins, yesterday 
estimated its pretax profits in 
the year to March 29 at £21.6 
million, a rise of 19.3 per cem. 

The higher-than-expected 
figure brought a 30p jump in 
Pegler’s share price to 624p. 

Trading profits are estimat- 
ed to have risen from £10.3 
million to £16.2 million, de- 
spite the £1.7 million fall in 
the contribution from Pegler’s 
South African associate. The 
best performance in the group 
came from building products. 

Pegler s defence document 
attacked the Tomkins bid as 
‘•inadequate, inequitable, il- 
logical and devoid of industri- 
al merit*. 

It pointed out that Pegler 
shareholders would contribute 
75 per cent of combined 
pretax profits for the year just 
ended. 76 percent of earnings, 
and 80 per cent of net assets, 
but would receive only 59 per 
cent of the ordinary shares in 

It also claimed that full 
acceptance of the ordinary 
share offer would lead to an 80 
per cent reduction in income. 

With FH Tomkins' share 
price at 328p yesterday, the 
all-share offer is worth 609p 
for every Pegler share. 

The cash offer is 529.3p. 
Pegler said that the cash offer 
represented only 11.7 times 
1985-6 earnings, a substantial 
discount to the sector. 

The defence document also 
took issue with Tomkins' 
assertion that it had proven 
managmeut expertise. It said 
the chief executive, Mr Greg 
Hutchings, had held his post 
for little over two years and 
two of the other four (Erectors 
were even more recent. 

Rentco Nationwide: 
MrJohn Donnelly has become 
managing director and Mr 
Gnnvant (Gary) Vatd finance 
director. Mr Vaid has also 
been appointed finance direc- 
tor of Crane Fruehauf Finance 
and Mr John Kentenius has 
been made a director. 

Watraoughs (Holdings): Mr 
Jeffrey Baldry has become 
production director of Bridge 
Graphics. Mr Peter Middle- 
ton and Mr John Stevenson 
join the board of D H Greaves 
as process director and pro- 
duction director respectively. 
Mrs Anne Kelly has been 
appointed marketing director 
of Joweiis. 

Kit Marriott 



Just off PwnOco Rd. Up to 
650 sq It rent from £14 
per sq fa Phone Gffly 
Milbum. after 6 pm on 
235 5983 


structed IOOO Si- Esset goM 
•crass M2S. 10400 wncs'i 
acre pu Muti he ertd. Offers 
around BQOJBQQ. T iUpftnn s 
01 441 6426 



Professional 3Bma com- 
puter oRMratad colour teklco 
prepared to your WMtoU 
sofCUIcatKms at aniMutaMy 
tow prices- For cranplcw 
training rouses a set of black 
A white printed raproduc- 
Hon amiable at no extra 

Congnqrtol presentation ser 
vice* M t cp t MiM 107861 



UJCs tamest man onto - 
company offer gg t nmiT 
returns, pool and snooker 
tables, lame or small 
quantities available at 
hose discounts. Rel um e d 
goods sefi- Surplus and 
related do not sen. Alm> 
thousands of cues of 
various qualities at 25% 
off oetafl. 

Phone 0244 549444 


Ex man order stocks of 
returned goods fnctuOng 

dothlng. furniture, 
hard-ware, household, 
toys etc. Offered at huge 
{tt sc o u nte. 

Teh 0244 549444. 


nHWCMK BBdCTOW, ©«*; gum or comul London 

teMH W t jKLJSnitfto knucy ornce aboui 450. «q 8 
itw iranchtofe. Tteetaone 0494 „mhMi. Use- of -raewxioci 
77U 45 or w rite. fo.ri»gg*y /Mura room ac»MB._ Baker 


tefUO DffATWt waned » 
wtius. rat* ed« and 'Qf tare 
caw umited M pnmndpa. Oa* 
act: Mr. Mike ttettUMB. 517 
Route m. Ha u poaoo e . NY 
U7B8. 724 14*0- 

{TYNJUMC «•» Met* roa- A* 
Cgvmua cot Stationery Sur- 
rey area. 01*759 1367 ext 2 S. 


trotor goods, aurocalf. vi- 
nyl «tr- teuMorM contacts an 
adcan ta ga. c wwto i a i HUMS. 

Dougtas Sports, 
to a. Manor* Le OnmA. 
lands* CC1A 4EP. . 

mndM Naiw 7X00 branited 
snra. ctoknero ceoen T-shirts: 
Asaorfed mens and ladlesaatK 
xoOto polyester tanner Batnet 
wx Stocfc moat « 
>awd«Wr.t> aw ° 1 'SZ 
1661/2 latex 888941 LCQ 
atm. edabard. 

new (ridge freesers M nuaMwe 
MVtngsoa whowaros price to 
be bought to duanmy . Also man 
order return goods on oUtr to- 
tUUm «« fimdture. 

eiactncaL hardware & cays etc. 

at am dtocowl prtew- Slhg 
10742) 452016. 

WANTED imconur worn n- 
uirns. clearing Wws and shop 
50CJO. All types of footwear 
considered. Distance no omen. 
Immediate d ectoto n w 
meal. T« BMrttourn «9io^r. 
Ball Supgaes Ud.. Hart 8L. 
Btackburn. Lancs. 

LAN8C STOCKS of branded/ma 
branded wort* «-rar lor mt. 
We purchase from Europe and 
U if. stnete always arafeMr. 
and cOnMSBdy ctoaaoteo - only 
itlrert sales distributor* naada» 
ply Tel: 01-989 4078. 

CONTACT US MOW at our new 

■ London snowman Mr aB ycrar 
pold mated ctttterv require. 

menu- Berteclte SoHngw 

Lid . 11 Praod Street. London 
W2. Tel: 01-724 6644. 

1,000 COMnXTC BIT serunly 
ustefM £65 each (win stem 
Complete to nrasmtanan onn 
case style ruUdnU. Mew a afoy 
102021 474694 >06361 224981 

T-Shirt*, ah Stoto * coioum. 
600 ataDaiM. Ciamite m*. 
Trt.’tKH S67 2066. 

OtAHTT SCSKXM TV’S video pro- 
tectors AU leadmg mattes. 021 
ta 2395 t2d torsi 

ouvre ito inscription pour la 
pourvus fun poste. a plan 
tsinos. (is 

profcsseur onfinare de 
bnguistique st pMoiogie du 

Tdre eaga doctoral te let- 
ties. docttxat d'Etzt ou pub* 
bcations nryort ar ttes, babtfl- 

Entrte en tonc&on: 
ler saptembre 1987. 

Les. candidatwes (avec curr- 
iaium-vTtae) et tete de pub- 
lications - en Sex) tavern 
panww, avsirt ie ler jun 
1986 au Doyen de la Facuitt 
des lettres, 

B&ement central, 

1015 Lausanne. Susse 
(W. 46 31 26). 




From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements Add them 
up to give you your overall total. Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 

K bli&bcd on this page. If it matches you 
ve won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you ate a 
winner follow the daim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 



Gala or 

Bartow Rand 

industrials A-D 


Industrials E-K 

Hewia <J) 

Industrials E-K 

Forward Tech 


VG liHinnnaiB 



Chamois. Ptas 

Suid lift Speak 01 an 

Chemicals. Was 

Bui mer (HPl 


Bo non 

Drapery. Stores 

Allred Irish 

RanL*. Discount 

Lawrence (Walter) 

Caska (S) 

Drapery. Stores 

EDrott IB) 

) admirals E-K 


Industrials A-D 

Cvabndff! Eke 


Weston Selection 


Brailhwaite Grp 

Industrials A-D 

Christy Huai 

Industrials A-D 


Industrials W 

Whaunan Reeve 

Industrials S -Z 

Avon Rubber 

Industrials A-D 


Industnab E-K 

Richardson West 

Indtrarals L-R 

Audio Fidelity 


Standard Fireworks 

Industrials S-Z 


Industrials A-D 

Lift care 

Industrials L-R 





Dobson Part 

Indusmah VD 


Chemical sJ^as 

Wolsefcy | 

Industrials S-Z 

Reabrook HWgs 

Chemicals. Ptas 

Co»an De Groot 

Industrials A-D 


Industrials E-K 

Broken Hill 

liidusinafa A-D 

Beaifcc (James) "A" 

Drapeiy. Stores 

Electronic Rentals 


Richard (LetcsJ 

Industrials L-R 

Hc« Robinson 


Blacks Lets 

Drapery. Stores 

Riley Leisure 


Bedford Concrete 

BuiUiQg. Roads 


Industrials L-R 

runes Newspapers Ltd. 

DaBy Total 1 


Large-scale retreat 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began April 28. Dealings end May 9. §Contango day May 12. Settlement day May 19. 
§ forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

— ^S/oicl — 

11am Newspapers Uarittd 


Claims required for 
+16 points 

Claimants should ring 0254-53272 


High Low Coryreiy 


<»* TO 

taws Pigs pane* % P/E 

is'* m . 

35 33 Sm* SI AuDyn 

®* 419 tend CMl 

82*. O'. «W Forgo 
320 220 WHWMtl 

£13% • *% 307 22 1U 

91 1J) 20 49 

#17 a -10 439 53 96 

773 .. SJ U77J 

SSSPt -■» 

279 W 23 174 


336 248 
840 820 
50 38 

133 85 

500 375 
182 147 
HO 409 
919 410 
830 840 
723 498 
204 169 
243 163 
359 275 
460 405 
BB 69 
179 158 
288 173 
114 77 

251 217 
248 153 
234 163 
38% 30“. 
Ml 393 
313 223 
315 228 
251 186 
505 410 
319 IK 





9>wml . . 
Butaisr|H K 172 
Bumnwond tew 5*5 
GUdrMHhM 515 
UK ^ 


HarflM a Hnaa 480 
HVnm DM 62 

“ " IBB 


-6 11.6 

-5 210 

.. 1.1 

» -- 46 

7 JO 
.. 107 

.. 189 

-12 219 




msn DM 


84 tewarta* 184 

ScotB Now 203 


A" 290 

Do W 296 

WNtoraad In* 233 

Wohnan p w ID 486 

Young A 310 

-7 106 

.. 2*1 
6-2 U 
» a a 
.. so 


-8 100 
-1% 41.1 
-10 159 

-a 102 





29 308 
39 189 
42 17.6 

41 139 

28 129 
23 239 
32 117 

42 139 
39 T72 


5.0 124 
39 169 

41 106 
32 169 


1.1 .. 
65 147 
69 199 

42 344 

29 16 
29 246 


Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for tbe weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
tomorrow's newspaper. 









wgn Low tech 

Me* OTg* 

tat. Gross 


SHORTS (Under Five Years) 


99'. Trees 

12% '869 

in-* .. 




8 1984-88 





2%% IKS 

97% ■ .. 


1U2 1 . 100% Exeh 

14% 19K 





13%% «67 

102% .. 


1DQ% ®% Trees CtO*Ak IBS? 

100% .. 



92% Ejreh 

2^:% 1867 




87% Exm 

10%% 1887 

101% .. 



93% Fund 

6%% 1BBSX7 

93% .. 




10% 1967 

100% .. 




S% 18B7 

95% .. 




12% 1967 

104’*# .. 


E w 


90% 32*. Tree* 7%% 169998 99 
IWa 98% En» 10'/% 1968 103'i -% 

102% 9*4 Treat C9»A IB6B 101% .. 

92% K’.-Tiw 3% 197968 92% .. 

102% 33'. Treat B't% 1988 101 % 

107% 93% Trees 11'A 1B89 1064 -% 

105*. 95', -Trees lO'A. 1989 ito% -4 
10*': Wi&eh l0> 19® 1034 -4 

1114 94% Each 10'A 1988 l0fl%#-% 

TIPaEstfi TA. 1990 83%#.. 

Etth 11% 1866 1064 -4 

8Z4 « 4 Treat s% 198869 924 .. 

108'. 9«%E*ch 11% 1990 107% -4 

103*. 824 Tree* (34% 1889 1024 -4 

904 624 Treat 3% I860 904*.. 

1144 103 4 Trees 17% 1990 1134 -4 

1134 1014 Each 124% 1S90 112'.- -4 

874 73% Trees 3% 1990 87% • . . 

1004 894 Trees 8'.% 1987-80 994 . . 

IDS'. 924 Trees 10% 1900 1044 


1124 89 Trees 114% 1981 1114 -4 

9* B4’iFwM 54% 1987-81 B34 .. 

1104 90% Each 11% 1991 109% -4 

1194103 Trees 12*.% 1992 1174 -4 

1074 01 4 Tran 10% 1992 1064 -4 

1094 954 Trees C104% 1993 1084*- 4 

1174 100% teii 12' A 1992 118 -4 

1Z34 102%Bch 13’r% 1892 122 -4 

108 9*%Treas 10% 1993 1084 -4 

1214 1094 Ttaae 124% 1933 1194 -4 

914 784 Fund 9% 1993 904 -4 

128 11 14 Trues 134% 1953 120% a- 4 

1334 1K4 Tran U4% 199* 1314 -4 

1274 1104 Eacti 124% 199* 1254 -4 

122*. 97% Each 134% l» 1204 -4 

IBS*. 684 Tree* 6% 199* 10E%#-% 

120 100471888 12% 1995 1184 -4 

784 884 Gn 3% 1990-95 77e#-% 

1104 81’e Each 1D'i% 1995 1094 -4 

1* 108% Tree* 124% 1995 12*4%- 4 

133*. 1124 Than 1«% 1996 1314 -4 

103 s . 87 Tran 9% 199266 1024 -4 

1*24 1224 Tran 1S’.% 1996 140%#-% 

1304 I1 14 tea 13'.% 1996 
844 744 fldrnpf 3% 1996 
131 110 Tran 13’.% 1997 
112% 93% Ear* 104% 1997 
1014 75 4 Trees 64% 1997 
M2'ii22'rEacn 15% 1997 
864 734 Treat 64% 199568 

IDT. 994 Em 94% 1968 

1*84 126*. Tran 154% 1998 

12*4 105'e Exert 12% 1808 

1074 68'. Treat ft'j% 1999 

1264 IBS’. Exch 12'.% 1999 

11* 664 Tran 104% 1999 

112% 9*4 Cm 104% 1999 

13341114 Traas 13% 2000 

644 -% 
129% -4 
111 -4 

100 -% 
1*1 -% 
86 % -% 
1054 -4 

1*6*. -'i 

122% #-'j 

IBS'. -4 
124% -4 
no «-4 
1314 -% 


106% 994 Con* 
137% 1174 Tran 
1114 94% Coo. 
1244 1034 Eecn 
109% 90 Tran 
112% 934 Trees 


tin* 014 Tran 10% 200T 1094 -4 

— ■' 94% 2001 107% 

0% A 2000 304 
9% 2000 101% -4 

14% 18SMI 1354 •- 4 
10% ZHB 1094 -4 
12% 1999-02 1224 -4 
94% 2002 1074 

10% 2003 110 

138% 116'. Tran 134% 2000-03 137 -4 

1234104 Tran 114% 2001-04 121 -4 

1124 9*4 Trees 10% 200* 1104#- 4 

604 484 Am 34% 1999-0* 56% -4 

1064 60*. Cm 64% 2004 10V. -4 

T0B4 904 Cm 94% 2005 106 -■> 

1174 9*4 Ew* 10 A. 2005 US'* -4 
13*41124 Itan 124% 2D03-03 t3i'.#-’. 
954 794 Trees 6% 200209 S3 -4 
1274 10*4 Tran 114% 2003-07 12*4 -', 
143% 115% Trees 13'/% .2004-06 1*0'. -'. 
2*4 234 Tran 6% 2009.-25 234 
964 9*4 Haas 9% 2009 9*4 -4 

72 . 674 Tran 5’*% 2008-12 68% -4 
034 76 . -nan 74% 2012-15 90'. -4 
138 1134 ten 12% 2013-17 133 


*2 J*'- Wer Ln 3'/% 

524 *4% Com 3-i% 

3*% 29'. Tree* 3% 

Z94 244Conacle 2'.% 

29% 2*% Trees 24% 


122% 11*4 Tran 5 2% 1868 
105% 964 Tree* B. 2% 1990 
1ir.l06i.Ttan 5 2% 1999 
10*% » . Tree* IL24% 2001 
lOt'i 93% Trees rL24% 2003 
10T, 964 Tran IL 2% 2008 
103% 92% Trail 52.% 2009 
IDS'. 97 Ttaae SJ?’i% 2011 
934 794 Tran IL2’.% 2013 
101 874 Trees IL2%% 2D r 6 

99% 804 Trees IL24% 2020 




9 A 












































































266 216 
297 213 
60 52 
16B 125 
USB 331 
377 28* 
160 114 
27 23 

162 126 
8* S 
63 95 

975 673 
726 531 
270 235 
135 73 

91 61 

29 16 
71 55 

128 B* 
27 15 

116 55 

83 60 

566 *62 
«0* 298 
156 124 
10 * 8 * 
95 72 

04 63 

91 73 

70 SS 
68 54 

9* 68 

131 106 
376 29* 
113 95 

192 56 
75 42 

22* 1*9 
620 426 
IK 130 
355 265 
451 296 
4*7 288 

105 78 

91 71 

428 290 
IK 120 
230 170 

193 161 

138 99 

435 30* 
259 171 

27 23 

12B 109 
444 306 
920 796 
213 103 
23* 116 
HO 87 
395 285 
672 **0 
*82 340 
230 190 
323 IK 

191 133% 
374 226 

106 87 

83 TO 
516 0*2 
633 473 
1C 140 
*13 326 
101 76 

175 1*0 
301 195 
2B0 2»6 
89 50 

204 174 
62 67 

55 41 
513 31* 

192 120 

ADardMtt Cantor 262 
tree 278 



Bte rt Otm ) Const- 25 
Bteray 174 

Bated Concrete Bi 
Ben tee 71 

Boexfcya 935 

Blue Ooe 700 

BncWMnW Quae* 12K 
» Dradorng BI 

Brown (T Jackson 23 

Brown** 07 

Bryant 126 

Burnett I Haoen 21% 
Gement-flaadMOM 114 
Condor Op 82 

COSBki 52* 

CojnsrsKje *0* 

Crouch [Dwelt} 138 







• .. 


02 83 






X4 TX2 


2.7 132 



70 .. 
.. 50 

. . a 



57 150 



57 24.1 


62 2X0 

• II 






0 .. 


54 160 



30 214 



53 IX1> 

.. 150 


XS 75 

• +2 


30 150 



255 24 


X5 .. 

• II 


30 110 


Erdi 90 

F*D 70 

On A* 56 

Mate SB 

OjMnra 90 

0008 I Dm* Ord 131 
GMetcn (MJ) 370 

H*T 109 

a -2 
• -2 

22.1 40 11.1 

02 241 100 

05 62100 

06 9.1 132 

220 ZB 1U 
4.7 52 12.7 

42 92 102 
42 IS 7.6 
5.4 92 227 
02 7 JO 142 

20 20 303 

72 21 122 
54 50 112 



■ . a 













• +2% 






Mttaa Hueia 









• -5 


• .. 





















Do 'A' 



• -1 





12 2 





Cure enter 




1 *n (fjo 

















Magnet a South 















Mar Home ton 


Mirtote (HeRtag 







Do 8% 


May 6 Haste 









l(AIW4 433 




Meier W 
Mder (Stanley} 

MW* |A| 

Mowlam uotm 
Newwaw 060 

NaOmpwn Bnck 211 

Phoenm Tknber 


BeO One 



Sharpe a Rsner 
Swart (Jt 

T^*x Woodrow 


Tram A Arnold 






Waown Biot 

wSha (Cormcdy} 
Wtesey (Genoa) 





















I .. 








• *a 

173 4.1 142 

7.7 3.1 132 
1 A 62 . 

S3 62 16.1 
202 52120 
157 13 162 

93 *4 163 

75 34 123 
43 45 30 
134 92 02 

200 30 V42 

155 30153 

102 43 275 
123 33 112 

9.1 52 113 
107 33133 

53 11 151 

02 75 17.6 
134 22 16. 

040 4.1 123 

73 51 112 

122 33143 

13 13 103 

103 7.1 »4 
134 43123 

104 32 153 

14 2.1 73 
00 35 125 
14e 15 150 

57 1.1 19.1 

54 23123 


AK20 N/VBi 

46 36% 

393 291 
3*1 in Anmr CherriM 
150 106 B7P 
in 76% Bayer OM90 
126 102 BMgaan 
169 112 &er« Charm 
67 ■ STi Br Benzol 
136 62 Canning (W) 

2K 2*5 Goods 
160 i*o Coam Bros 
1*2 112 Dd 
20 15 Cory (Horace) 

163 127 Cmda 
131 100 Do DM 
045 172 EM 0 term 
208 215 

E42'« S-1 

IB -I 

365 +2 

202 #-4 

150 *4 

£61% -% 

122 -2 

150 a-i 
80 -2 


252 -a 


19% • .. 
15B -2 

128 -2 

200 -8 

270 -4 


















Hawoad (Janaag 















tori Cnea tad 








• -2 









Besbrot* Hugs 
















WUsienhotato Re* 

• -3 




voramm Cham 




33 22 B 
73 .. 

54 154 
83 152 
.. 883 
33 223 

43 94 
51 52 

55 90 
53 132 
.. W.7 

44 175 
42 11.7 



225 170 *ngn TV A 
*S 77 Grempan 
2*0 176 MTV &/V 
350 2B3 LWT HUBS 
337 ise Scot TV -A- 
270 153 TVS M/V 
4 31 Tte 


• .. 




• .. 


54 55 


• .. 


54 00 


• .. 


XI 1X0 


• .. 


45 100 



52 1X6 




57 1X7 



an 163 MHd Jnwi 
61 B5 Anemener [Kenryt 
293 208 «ut New Z 
U% B% Bar* ear i 
515 359 Beta Of 

260 1 230 Bank Leuea UK 
469 364 Ben* Of Sootbnd 
960 *29 Barneys 
BOO 410 Brawn 
0*8 *23 Caw u*, 

5T 36 Carnes 
32% 2*% Chase M a nn a lien 
*2% 33% Cscmp 
Si 32 cne 
73 *6 Corn Bant MM 

112 » j Cmwzbsr* 

770':217% Deutsche Bar* 

£12 Mfl FtR Nar Fmance 

JBa Bn 

102 W 
321 1 80 
37 20 

430 333 
7* 59': 

436 318 
IK 138 


677 438 
49 3? 

9*3 743 
159 135 
969 417 
321 206 
935 672 
122 60 
4*8 260 
00 83 

13? ID? 

16% 13% 

360 200 

00 l5Cpi 
H* Samuel 

Jetton I 

•faql bruvson 

roar " <or Bar 

Mensay M 
DO te A' 

Mat Auatsc 

_ - Ol his 
R oyi »* Ol Can 
Mo* Sr* Ol 5cn 




















0B5 . 






50 30 . 

.. .. 356 

150 91 .. 

174 39 :: 





















67 112 
49 66 

46 79 
23 233 
86 148 
91 1*1 

47 .. 
S3 .. 
73 59 
53 109 
01 . . 
47 . 
20 121 
51 21 7 

29 1*7 

30 21.0 
3.1 299 
*4 102 


Saner l*Q) 
S WnnW 
Suita CMMi 
Sueeidrag tern 

TVn, Products 
Vrtv rwnua 
many WMt 

III*-. . 

51 183 
27 19 7 
16 .. 
22 790 
45 13* 
.. 201 
25 530 
85 233 
35 16 9 
25 161 
3.7 160 
*4 134 

as tot 

.. 400 

7.1 1 4 27 7 

29a 41 157 
25 34 193 

2* 13 323 

113 33 109 

1*3 1 7 22J 

17 4 *3 710 
1168 6* 22.1 
35 7 30 106 
303 *5 59 
23 03 1«.i 

354 62 21.7 

403 46 95 

600 50 54 
153 42 111 
10 16 202 
*5 52 19.1 

13> *0 09 






Chtatoerto 6 HR 

106 ' 



Charier Core 







(W Foutks Lvncfi 133 

• . 














10 9.1 



ChnyMs tor 


• -7 




Bjoo Ftoeviy 





Chrw/ Hum 






■ -5 



CUtaa (Oemeral 


• .. 








46 15* 



Ctaytan Son 








17 92 

Conor IA) 










Cotaro* Op 








CeteTO Tart 




Bro+ii Be« an Kara 



42 90 






High truer Corhdany 

pnee CH 'gn pence % p/C 


HTflb inr Comany 

dm TO 

Wee Ch ge pance % 



high La* C U npany 

W. TO 
Pnem Ch-ge pence * 


m* tc» Company 

Or TO 

prim prga pence % P/E 

.3 »'8 m*** 

736 560 CeW a WMeai 
318 230 cnartdge Dec 


222 1*5 _ Do 7%% CPF 


















31B 250 

299 1*0 
15 63 

200 IB 

50 29% Oewfwel 'A' 

395 32 Doom 

SO 40% Dowdra I MPa 
212 182 W 

445 365 Be 

« *0 I 

62 *2 EUctram Renan BO 

329 237 Emeu Upang 01' 

300 299 Euranem 395 

263 108 tew* Beet 206 

156 122 Terrene 13* 

53 23 Fowmd TUr 52 

218 1M OEC 206 

120 SO Own er 118 

IK 68 rftfftfld Beet S» 

163 IX BL 130 

373 276 w Sgmd I Cermet 293 

043 ITS Jones Seoul 228 

1*6 65 Made i*0 

323 233 Lee Betrtgoraim 2S3 

201 12* Lowe 16* 

*00 270 UKSeet 300 

*33 360 Memec 360 

SB 5* UcroBS SB 

250 ISO Mem Focus 229 

56 33 Mentone Bed 53 

a 96 MunySea 95 

38 38 Mu e uie a . » 

110 »0- 


10 S3 



XO 2X5 

• -2 


30 152 



09 . 


.. 1X0 



10 350 

XS 150 


84 252 



00 .. 



XI 110 


X7 246 



33 1X3 



10 K0 



10 890 



7.7 at 





10 19.1 



10 2X3 

- a 


1.7 135 



20 140 


8Se 59 90 



30 ia2 




00 .. 

54 26 Com B u eenery 

112 74 Cook (Win) 

570 3S6 CocAaon 
375 248 Cope Admen 
65 32 Canon (F) 

89 83% 

*25 331 
S! 40 

172 121 . . . 

212 156 Crum Mae 
218%167% CUnrm M 
*2 32 DSC 

260 907% DPCE 

gSTSe P SSo, 

. 10 % szr £ 20 % 

60 *8 Detm 0 Met 'A' K 

225 173 Davies 6 H en ma n 193 

116 62 Davy 90 

KT.713 De La Am zio% - 

260 171 om zaa 

2 iXs IK Oemane Swung 218 

293 108 DeeauRw ' 253 Br) 
16% 17% Devos Heel 17>, m . . 

371 2G9 Dvtame 3S6 -5 

96 03 Dotson Park 92% -1 

110 98 Dorn IK -3 

11B 95 Donate) n 102 

TO 97% Dupon 120 

88 25 535* 

97 81 Dyson MU] S3 

06 72 Do' A 70-1 




a -6 




' -7 







157 A7 100 

7.1 51 ~ " 
170 71 56 

1.4e OB 17.7 
140 3-7 151 

03 1.1351 
07 1.1 154 

606 70 360 
0 in 52 

1.1 80 651 

20 56 114 
40 44 160 

11.1 51 147 

110 20 170 

21 30 220 
40 30 120 

120 XI 132 
32 *2330 

500 40 13.6 
11.1 54110 

373 22 
076 £-1 - 
20 QJ 422 
50 110 








.. 7 

40 ... 
74 51 
04 90 
42 134 
17 120 

41 100 
34 154 
XI 2X2 

50 130 
59 110 
70 7.7 
XI 158 

51 22(6 

6% _ .. 

96 indue 
78 Trane 
7$ Turner 6 Newel 
85 l#CO 
75 Uwrouo 
17 13% Ureter 

68% 96% Utanver pyv) 
262 212 velar 
540 293 inters 
130 107% _ - 

i» 123 Wnan 
20*% 137 ww agw 
153 110 WSL 
IK 120 Wade Fortunes 
348 120 Wadm 
202 150 
129 68 

IK 161 
373 239 
15* 69 

231 IBS Wlce nu 
31% 14% 

110 66 
118 70 
235 210 Whatman Ream 
101 95 wmeaeoe 

177 WNueretl 
IK 137 W*aa Mamee) 
740 3K W a r m HMoa 
16O 120 tea Gp 

wagon md 
wtemm 1 

20% -% 

90 «3 


274 -2 

240 # .. 

us -a 
£16'. •-% 
f*7% -% 

2*0 *-1 
*80 #-T2 

10a m-s 
147 -2 

eiM% -1 
143 -a 

151 #-4 


165 -3 

124 #-1 

193 -2 

190 41 


71 -4 

115 • .. 

292 -3 

04 • 

231 -4 

1*1 ■ .. 
078 #-20 

. . . . Z7J 

0.1* 51 .. 
71 X2 00 
71 2011* 

10 10 2X7 

952 84 11.7 

47 X7 1X5 
IBS 18 3*D 
00 60 145 

45b XI 2 55 

!! ' “ 500 









15 .. 
20 270 


10 230 




1 247 
0 150 
35 10 2D0 

70 04 32 
58 51 
U 258 
70 745 

192 IK 
62 2* 
2*0 200 
SB 26 
120 39 

*30 271 
Ti. *% 
54 28 

29 U 
M 110 
300 149’J 
<6 22 
143 111 
34 23 

Z75 190 

SX% a 
733 651 
16S 133 
97 37 

23% 18 
153 43 
280 101 
210 ISO 

Garner Eq wgy 
Goa) Pet 
a western Rea 
V <}n 
ICC 0» 


KCA Dteng 

New umoon Oi 







#-2 ixr WO 41 




Ttaon Europe 

§ * 

111 #^T 


113 • .. 

a -2 

225 -5 


743 #-2 

175 ■ .. 


10% -% 

» •-! 

112 *2 

168 #-l 

14 41 1X0 
41 00 . 

22% ^ 30 110 

43 3X1 I! 
174 157 XS 
MX 0*0 .. 

06 70 W0 

. . . - 151 

48 ■; 

*7 73 
74 270 

XI 1 2sV* 

.. ..153 

WO 51 57 










24i% Naemanc (Loubj 



57 102 


rn re 




77 56 


S3 Ocaote 



*2 53 


383 Otero manneras 5*4 



O* 203 


13 mcom 


• .. 


70 110 

313 275 Eastern nod 




206 156 BXrO 




277 21* BS 




*0% 29% BM 



120 102% Been 


• .. 


26% 17% Beetreka (AS IT 




81 52 Sent (B] 



51 56 

40 00 

53 157 
57 110 

Wbod i_ 

26 Wood ?swj ' » 

*3'» Woocfio u ae 8 Rbl ■ 

70 WymtamEeg JJ 

010 503 Yarrow 6K 

178 139 Young (H) 100 

• . . XS 50 170 

-3 14e 4.4 110 

•-1 30 41 1X0 

200 30 180 

• -13 200 33 1X2 

•-0 47 29 1X1 


lie'.ia Ptte Rn 6 *j% 
17% 14% mipe Lan#s H /V 
IK 160 Pdco 
180 120 Do -A- Ltd Van 
3*6 182 Pleney 
24% 16% De AOR 25 
186 ii9 Pretest 
45 22 Quern Automaton 
2ifi iso Ratal Beet 
335 158 Rotate 
fiao 445 Sente ( 0 H 1 
118 74 Shorroc* 

54 31% sound onute 

168 96 SIC 
218 156 Stow M 
134 8* System 

16% 13% TDK 

• -% 

218 170 
125 66 
52B 37* 
715 170 
360 225 
264 206 
273 213 
2B3 248 
190 133 
490 220 
315 226 
106 S* 
103 63 
285 230 

Telephone n o m a# 
Them BM 





Uld Laimne 
Ukt Sdenelc 

Wi te aia Rang 



40 54 



54 70 



26 157 





25 170 


.. 1X9 




20 1X6 



XI 161 


• .. 


54 1X1 


• -I0 


25 2X1 




1.7 57 



.. 140 




32 1X5 


• -4 


05 251 




*0 151 




20 40 




40 161 


• .. 


20 107 




00 21.7 




27 247 




32 140 




10 80 




50 114 




08 270 




X7 1X8 




40 230 




27 1X7 




18 130 

. _ „ _ 29 30 230 

26% 18% EWart £24 -% IOB 

381 262 En0bh CHw Ctoy 350 . . 157 

26% ig% ErSni (LM) W £25% -% 90 


169 1*3 

177'i)36 European Femes 
140 112 Do 6tb m 
3*2 158 tered 
128 ill Etna 

Enema n 

415 315 
3* 22 

40 20 

M3 IK 
7S 63 ... 

018 *06 Ftaon* 
51 35 

184 04 

69 31% Foot) 











» .. 




50 -1 


50% *>% 

, 116 #-1 

41% 77% Foies Oo*> M/V 32% •-•> 
197 1 67 Fotherga A Hanray 167 • 

67 51 FrandiCThoma# S4 

T23 100 




XO 52 

45 130 

X7 20X 


10 17.1 
41 17.1 
X* 2X* 
XI «10 
30 651 


10 ao .. 

IIO 74 52 
275 50 40 

17.1 00 800 

57 2-3 355 

12* 57 100 
104 II 451 
51 30 2SL3 

00 46260 

119 oi raw 

385 256 QKN 
305 280 Gfi 
107 60 Garten Eng 
136 100 OoM a n er 
150 HI Gwvea 
IT '.756% Omo 

*00 2*3 crynwed 

505 410 GorHgKarr 
273 161 Gramp en Htoga 

317 206 

UP. 8 

62 99% HaM 
216 134 HM Eng 
162 IK Hal (Mf 
2*0 180 Hate 
263 230 tratma 
37% 25% Kampaontod 










t-tO 17.1 

□o 6% CM 
DO 5%% 


133 ll anp ee wt 
175 Herrte |M 
_ 431 HaeWrSM 

ISO 92 Hawtm 
121 61 Hey {term) 














• -2 
• -2 






57 ' 

77 100 
14 250 
XO .. 
47 07 
1.1 54 

” W 
53 130 

7.0 .. 

7.1 17.7 
50 114 
X3 80 
47 50 
10 1X1 

409 3.1 150 
1X7 10250 

ISO 30 143 




26% 23 
290 323 
917 B07 
336 228 
301 236 
300 213 

897 757 
415 281 

M% 12 
868 754 
480 368 
834 768 

460 399 

Abbey Ue 









30 .. 



20 159 




51 -- 




51 -- 








00 2X3 




44 270 




40 57 

Hogg Reetoaan 




40 140 




43 3X1 



40 300 




32 10-7 




XI .. 







40 330 



« .. 


45 .. 





40 570 








53 .. 
40 752 


• •5 



SMwi wrarai 




XO 155 

swg» Hdgs 



XO 293 





30 6701 

Sw LM 


• *3 

3 IS 

19 .. 


■ .. 


25 201 

MW Faber 




28 21.4 



Bj fliwrtck 


• +3 









Herman Oafieto 









20% Jicm Own 






a -6 



Drew WWW 




Fate nn ZDch 


• II 



Do 'A 


• .. 



Pt#y Peek 





Saw Darby 





sm Bros 





Taznr Kerastoy 





Vide Ca&o 



07 15 131 

100 53 42 

50 00 41 
286 78 100 

259 70 170 

16 44 124 
150 55 110 
42 52 57 

B6 *0 70 
00 40 70 
70 44 30 

220 40 110 
.57 0 
100 55 70 

60 47 
XO 177 
50 94 
129 57 150 
22 00356 
170 401X0 







an Hi ■■ 250 1*0 Hecworti Cerssac 208 

an 158 .. I 169 101 Host* 1-" 

83 • 






S 68 


81 62 Hoke Brae 

' « MtftUoyd 

148 H epiteSto 

Howard Machinery 
120 61 Howden 
19% 11% taidean Bay 
3i0 234 Ma#ng tore 
106 88 Htewrg Croup 

Hucten teampea 

sis 2iT tsotran 




• +2 











52 107 
45 — 
79 .. 


144 99 
220 126 
M0 96 
50 34 
22S 163 
366 329 
63% 48 






* 20.1 
10 112 
50 140 
10 40 70 
.. 6 .. 270 

298 2SB 
258 210 
151 IK 




Haztwnod Foods 783 

Itatond Frauen 5M 
Utah Saw 272 

Leas turn 0 101 

Loved (OF] 85 

lam (Vital 590 

MWhaa (Barm* 625 
urn Trade Su» in 

Mormon (W) 204 

Mtholl (JN) (VMO)230 
Normans 68 

Mlai Foods 272 
NU101 6 Peacock in 
Pak Foote IX 
RHM 216 

Rowntrae tee 538 

TlJB 5 Lyle 605 

Taaen 375 

IMgete 275 

UaTBKafe 236 

MWton 0 PMp 160 

123% K% Jarikm Man 
693 473 Jotraen Cieenen 
163 133 Jtftwi Maaay 
44% 22% Johnson 0 FB^ 
330 235 tenon 
136 68 Jonel A Srtpman 
263 133 Jourdan (Thomaa) 

29 21 Katanezoo 

30 25 Kte 
257 M0 Mtey M 
130 IK Kannadp Gmaa 
288 230 Kaahaer (A) 

161 123 KlaanC-Za 




5 iiia 



4.1 100 








30 .. 



X7 70 


• -1 


XO 2X5 



41 120 


• -5 


X7 610 



XO 150 









04 223 



.. 190 




X5 90 


• -4 






40 390- 
1X6 77 


54 180 


44 120 




10 210 




70 230 



44 340 

Barr S VM "A 
Boom 5 Ha 


S3 , 

_ . GRA ST 

81 6S Nent u r g er BwoW 70 

128 SO Mortwn Ttaia 1W 

131 94 W LMttae 129 

103 S% J*ntl Hhtoe 54 

175 135 MerMnsW M5 

36i 27B PBaauraiw 310 

875 325 flaayuaau 37D 

64 SO Key Latan 50 

§28 1B3 fega Hohdtja 183 

160 Saoutcon & 300 

51 Tonenftan Hoapw 52 
163 126% Zewn 107 

• ■*4 

• -6 

100 00 02 
.. a .. 290 
70 ■ 

14 201X1 
50 44 110 
80 24 152 
.. .. 470 

.. .. 450 

53 S3 57 
7.1b X5 90 
A3 00 21.1 
54 9.7 
34 1X5 
44 152 

.. .. 24.4 

00 30 155 
X*b 1.1 
X7B110 04 
XI X7M0 

Mora OTerra* 

SllL .1 

Do 6JV Om l%f 120 
teWtuMn IK 

UehOr tear 213 

Waea 01 

WaMnme 10 W 

watmough 266 

VBgm Cotta 450 





AM Un 






Clird (A1 18m 
Cap > Coun aea 
Ca/M Prop 
C MWi rmoa 





3X1 52 1X3 

74 20 2X3 
124 451X3 
1X0 X7 120 
00 82200 



433 3K Grand Ua 


447 Lot Pam Koteto 
BO Mourn Chariobe 
67 mneaa WHmi 
58% Queen* Moot 
372% Savoy Hoteta A' 
58 Stan 

M6 Traaneun Fane 


























m m 





• -1 


















MhchM Curts 
■AeMI Samara 

Moss (Robert] 


_ 105 Brr n eng nam MM 

174 i3 am* Anew 
179 wee* r 

1X1 40 170 

90 44 290 

02 73 1X7 

150 31 220 
50 50120 

113 4* 153 
50 27 193 

57 9i9 1X7 

50 23 20.7 

00 1.6 70 

03 1.0 150 
280 50 1X5 

.. -.602 

114 S3 . . 
157 34 233 

14 10 11 6 

XI 20 151 

29 40 60 

20 19 370 

210 551X3 
28 34 70 
1X4 30 1X2 
1X5 27 217 
1X0 X7 XI 
. . . . 1*4 

277 40102 
102 80 1X2 
" " 50 1X7 

17 190 

30 00 1X6 
357 1X3 77 

22 1X0 .. 
1X7 49 1S1 
70 50 00 

60 XS 17 1 

151 4.1 151 

.. I .. .. 

10 02 144 

150 51 1X0 
70 54 1X2 

61 47 73 
80 23 71.0 

58 10 350 
20b 53 63 

55 32 153 

140 52 7.7 

60 «* 102 
54 43 121 

56 51 172 
40 13 4 
1.1 203 

06 822 
66 30 93 
17.1 50 1*0 

93 X5 153 

132 40 196 
IXOefX* " 

179 S0 1S7 

32 42 112 
XI 50 11 1 

7.1 30 92 

74 42 <37 

09 o.r 71.1 
50 44 152 
43 30 1X7 

100 XI 137 

10 16 220 

07 32 2X9 

10 30 90 
90 60 11 3 

231 Leo 
219 LeM 
110 132 Lmncrt 
71 42 Lawmx 

77 41 Lee (Ante) 

3* 25 Ulecare 

74 70 LBetMl 
» 6* Uraeed 
07 S3 LM(FW 
39% 23% Lndier (T) 

230 179 Lon Mldond 

135 69 Do Old 

74 99% LOT 6 Win 
227 159 Lot Wl 
190 134 Longton tad 
*66 319 Low 8 BoWr 
390 3M ML Hdgi 
90 64 MS Ini 
90'.- 32 MV Dart 

333 259 Macathye Raorm 

160 121 Uatem 
73 43 Matea> (P8W] 

266 IK McKterta 

110 78 Magnate 

630 485 MteartaSNp 

76 58 

136 101 

83 66 

120 72 Marahii Xaday) 

113 K DO 'A' 

85 65 Marantic Unm 
683 380 Mama 
755 52S Haw Boa 
170 IK 
TOO 61 
70% 01 

111 70 

IK 163 
313 212 
139 95 

42 20 % 

216 161 
1*4 K 

283 IK 

256 203 oneeBea Maeh 
*24 2*7 Paaa Knefl 'A' 

288 223 Pali Piece 
915 925 PantAJT 
90S 383 ' 

32 11 

135 88 

6Z* 332 .. 

60S 290 Per menu tod 
14 775 W ane Me 
<83 311 ~ 

K 51 
310 990 
3K 215 
310 236 
164 99 

75 56 PMd 

182 97 RFD 

T74 119 RHP 
IK 123 
579 421 

200 115 . 

•38 M Ream (Or wage) 

900 805 flackto a Outran 

225 m n ed t e em Otam 

258 200 Rasa Execute _ 

90* 0<0 RaM tat 074 

■“ Stem M 


Reunere 30 


AcnadXdfasI » 

RietisfdMn went *4 

Raoawen Rea in 

!R SS 



IAJ 107 

271 0-4 

164 -2 


• .. 














r .. 


• -2 




• .. 




• .. 






• .. 






• -3 


00 10102 
50 22 270 
00 02 100 
6Ab 34 57 
■ate 59 5* 
a0 40 56 
.. .. 214 

32 44 110 

ae 40 50 

20 50172 
10 50 1X7 
MX XI 140 

13% 7% Ang A mer Cota 
We 743 tog Am 
57% SB Am Goto 
58 33 AATT 


188 130 Ayer Wan 
160 ^5 

21% 12% Btftek. - 
358 258 CRA * 

60 «0 Cam Boyd 

534 439 Cans GoMBtaa 
631 3i4 D. Baas 
200 123 Deanwl 
9% 6% Doonkore a ei 
13% 9% Dnatontatt 
r* a% Dawn 

ns ia son 

1S5 115 Efsteg 
350 2*8 E Rend Gold 
4% 2% E HM Prop 

0 8% recent 

213 123 FS Dee 
75 30 Oeevv Tin 
B% 5% GenM 
TO S Got Mntog 
10% 7 GFSA 
476 348 GU KHgacrf 
83 K Gopeng 
W1 70 GreentachRn 
375 210 SfODtvW 
MS SI Wrwtr Areas 
. 6% Harmony 
360. 223 WrW 

61 61 Jehntte 
12% 8% Ktaom 
6% e% Moot 

160 90 Law 
13% 8% Ltoanoi 
4 tO 213 Ltnfea 
157 107 MU 
20 15 Maiaystan Urang 








+10 940 

271 5b5 
142 *J 

.. . MX 47 .. 

•-0 470 35J .. 

325 +12 79J3 20 

H .. 250 300 

»S% *% 262 790 .. 


60 .. ... .. .. 

490 64 350 70110 
486 «2 150 30 

MS 40 40 X7 . 

15% +% 9X0 10S .. 

£10% +% IK 122 

£4% +% .. .. 

02 0X622 

42 51 150 

29 26 »7 

60 54 50 

. 15.1 50 105 

-10 132 28 227 
-1 3.9 23 170 

-2 51 40 ISA 

80 30 2X0 
*0 1.1 .. 
-3 00 40 100 

-10 16.7 37 2X9 

.. 25.76 311X4 

XO! 55 3X2 
XO 23 230 

..a .. 2.9 

43 1.7 050 























• -1 
-S 110 
-10 210 
• -1 

7 A 1X1 00 
59 27 230 

43 24230 
1X0 20 152 
11.1b 30 212 
07 00 122 

14 20 1X0 
130 30 170 
afi 23193 
20 43 1X8 
120 XI 1X2 
40 40 90 
XS 14 210 
43 56 9.1 
54 42240 
23 U U 
57 04 14 

‘ «! I iff BSP 

123 74 

23 14% „ 

M e Mhargaa 
9 5% Mtee Wfes 

655 565 Ubwrco 
5% 3 New Wtto 
142 90 Net Brawn Hi 





._ 33 110 
59 562X4 
30 30 MA 
00 55 
40 2X4 
40 233 
33 150 
XI a 03170 
1X0 XI 53 
103n 74 113 
14 20 6X7 

120 50 127 
1X1 40 101 

150 30 190 
00 30 212 

1-6 143 XI 152 


I .. XOn 72156 
+28 21* XS 183 



Pteeflc cense 

Poitor Chedbum 
tn reags 

Radm Meta 
Rate On) 

1S3 132 
91 57 

102 .90 
475 345 
3* 21 

160 110 
63 63 
58 18 
iS2 in 

353 156 
55 30 

148 122 
7% 2 
•56 118 
130 96 

K 14 Rand Mtaaa Ltd 
445 320 Rato Mtaaa tep 
16 fltraf unem 

233 Rente 

7*1 911 RTZ 
7% 4% Rfcstetanrg 
10% 7% St Ham 
166 103 8A Lato 
31 19% SOdiw 1 

656 3K SPtormi 
138 60 Slmgel Be* 

9% 8 T6ra 
IK 7S Tron cn 
969 360 Unreal 
98% 4i vaa Heats 
544 298 Vantarmw 
IK « vwderasai 
SO 53 Yoga's 
14% 10% impede Creamy 
646 STB yen tow 
310 13 Western Arose 
»% K% Weaare Deep 
IK 1*0 Wwn Mreng 
269 160 tea Ran o3ns 
1*0 KM Wan Qrash 
17 s * 9% MSohats 
56 k we Men 

































































+15 120 S3 

00 32150 
140 10.1 

2X0 50 





.. 17.10380 10 

+% 500 1X0 - 

.. 870 103 .. 

.. 4X0 XS .. 

rr 2 xb sxo “ 


+M 540 34.1 .. 
•-3 54 40363 

620 ixa 
170 7.1 
310 XI 
690 100 
400 56 

Pan 3Q5 
1« 1X5 








170 200 

+10 1X0 17 
2X0 X0 

iS, •* '• 
+8% .. .. 

-% II II 



120 XS 03 
551 110 

223 130 
283 233 
840 *79 
310 270 
160 15S 
319 Z7X 
72 54 
332 270 
740 430 
237 147 
KB 21B 
171 1*8 

303 as 
an rn 
IK *0 
110 IK 

ik ta 

75 60 

3K 173 
850 510 
670 304 
104 82 

a 19 
75 73 

194 176 Prop 6 Bm 
iso 107 Prop tenge 
IK IK Prop Security 
9 ‘a 8 1 * 

9*6 320 

650 3K , 

297 260 Ruai 6 
253 153 Sernua 
69 7B Scot Met 
IK 1*2 



HbiIM IlftB 

Lang Prep 
Land Inresun 
Land SacwibH 
Lon 8 Eon Ta 
Do 6%% 

Lon 3 Pro* Shcg 
Lon Shop Prep 

umivaia Moora 

XI 300 

32 293 
XI 271 
50 1X6 
22 31.8 

14 014 

33 154 
24 4X9 

Mo un Bt tfi 
Abcktom (AXQ 

New CawndMi 

319 -4 


30 276 

650 -to 


20 2X6 




42 .. 




29 207 

156 -1 





23 377 

356 -2 


42 2X6 

s. -» 



40 190 



60 2X6 

IK • .. 




• .. 


14 330 



14 31.4 




10 250 



1 1 110 




73 150 


• .. 





20 330 



18 278 


• -2 


4 4 380 



53 319 




10 310 


• +1 


29 257 



1.1 .. 




1 0 390 

-15 314 


- .40 50 
250 43 47.1 
125 1X0 .. 
180 170 .. 
118 50 .. 

block Goman 


+2 450 1X2 .. 

+1% 5SE 1X1 .. 
+2 5*0 180 .. 

.. 160 170 .. 

43 57 XI 
7+1 ..§ 

+0 070 193 
♦10 2X0 113 .. 

+% in ti .. 

-1 30 10 .. 

+2 120 73 - 


.. 178 1X7 .. 

.. 1.1 26 .. 

-2 37* 00 “- 

164 144 
746 5K 

88 69 

51 40 

250 19a Trertoro Pah 
MB K UK land 
S2S uw Rem 
B39 678 Werner 

546 *75 wanted 

27% ir» Mod ubto 
160 142 wan SCtetoy 

























1.1b 02 .. 
112 51 1X1 
83 200 
57 144 
32 2X2 
56 1X1 
13 344 






14 20 292 
100 53 17.1 

2X0 33 258 
25.7 11 37a 

21.4 30 5X2 

XT X0 87.1 
114 7.1 XI 







AwoeSrteW SB 
& Oa tmcn ea d Bi 3*6 
Catertea ais 

Rena (James) so 






Jteba gq 





1 7% 


l£ney Docks 






OM TrtepM 





4 28 


P 8 0 DU 
Rmomon IWtotat) 



• -4 



Tkvnbul San 



M3 XA 153 
53 10 258 

XI ' 10 703 
57 56 74 

179 34 240 

51 73 400 

.. .. 00 
.. .. 16 
93 50 95 
2X9 40 152 

7.1 83 356 
1X0 34 313 

199 IK AE 
141 78 Awteya d 
Ml 70% Armstrong 
41 24% BSG y 


Brea Auoaons 

















38 XI s ao 

274 214 Sale Toney 235 

96 55 Slmhar* M 

46 Sate Gordon (J| B7 
. 173 Scape S23 

12» 103 Seed Grarnmam 117 

mb 120 sm n era a ae im 

IS <” iS^a R8b-W 15 

164 13* Do 'A' 

’i? ’s tzster 

13? 75 9dch 

153 119 Bldlaw 

620 703 0toOe 

93% 32 S *era m>Au 

303 180 toon Eng 

i*a 63% 8a tamrea 
476. 366 SutcMey 

28' r ... 

56 Case mo 
400 253 CartooEng 
73 56 castings 
36% 25% Ctaeston 
8 9% cam 3 snea 

a 13 Centra wa y bid 
ra <s CM UH 
66'. 65% (Tombmum Ph 






32% Ml 8KP -B 
262 1B6 Sawn a N ea i ji 
36 30 Sm<jn 1MW 

326 Bt Snnai in 
225 T63 Spam UW) 

265 36 6tM*> fcjl 
M4 128 

1SB h 

118 88 Stag tentoxa 
150 as Stenaera r ira a ortto 143 
63 43 Star Caae> 58 

*85 3*5 Stovatey 
49S 35* EotHy 

^ ssar 

33 73 etonstva 

»’Q 153 stetnen A Pin 
22a <83 Simn Sara 
296 iffl Sum 
123 SO Swee Pactoc ', 

*3 12 &K*tee 

221 193 Syteia 

Kb jn fi 

195 IIS TNT 
250 210 TSL Therms' 

5M 360 Tact 
(a 33 Tawoi CMm 
B-. S'. Toner 







Te* range 
TW mSb 

a 6* 

166 123 
no »i 

327 69 

26* IX Ttonoefc 

328 203 Tomtom 
3* 293 Tratotgar 


Thomeoo TAJne 202 

3*3 300 
MS 124 


Tr» ny * o ra inTito 
Ttaneovt Dee 

-a - 

• -4 
a *9% 



23m 7.7 54 
93 40 14.1 
1.7 10 27.7 

35 *0 203 

161 XI 110 
43 37 163 
A3 23 153 
39 10 10.0 

17 13 354 

1* 13153 
34 302X8 
2.4 46 133 

39 XO XT 
1ZS 11.1 7.1 

170 20 2X5 
30n 51 156 

12 1 43 57 

7.6 53 1X4 
2X4 47 1U 

56 27 213 

04 13 2X0 

6 6 26 310 
U 40 1X4 
56 30 1X3 
Ti 40 141 
X7n 40 07 
70 73 86 
30 11.1 
. . 260 
236 40 1X3 
156 17 131 

13 19 370 

171 70 40 
66 IX* K7 

. 6 . . M 
1X0- 50 119 
XO £1 3X4 

M3 67 66 
150 30 10.7 

606 431 
191 90 

71 K 

196 IK 
191 1* 

in m 

279 172 Dowry 

35 && 

£*£ SSR&r" 
80 SI 


484 373 
SOI 335 
142 72 

Z76 IK 
108 95 

*02 2BB 
131 00 

663 470 

110 Perry gp 
91 72 taMom <QB) 

7* S« CMck04i 

72 <3 Ben 
S6 32 W a te eaa Manatt 

158 -3 7.1 40 110 

WO ■ .. 71 06 50 

720 •*» 33 10 156 

37% -% 10 43 1X1 

386 toll 60 34 73 

tt-13 220 4.1 110 

-8 50 14 152 


HSR 1 





























64 U ... 

50 20 70 

5.7 48 143 

73 £0 MS 
.. .. 110 
40 10 200 

70 29 .. 
43 40 ri£7 

280 00 .. 

II II 855 

30 30 140 
XS 00 .. 
123 20 63 

51 40 103 

53 96861 

30 XI IX* 
161 XS 223 

70 53 83 
157 20 1X3 

64 43 184 

54 73 180 
51 00 74 

31 40 123 
XI 03 140 

M ao n 3*s 

m 'S SSSJS’SSi *s 

218 168 unman H oston n 20s 
62 fie Newpotd 5 Bmon 78 
IM 62 PWerd 114 

1W 116 Bbcng A Rate 154 
273 IK Sh*o 3*6 

I .. 53 27 

.. 161 58 

Xia 94 
t .. 52 40 

44 68 
I . . 53 54 

+2 11.4 7 A 

-10 54 20 










206% **« Tew 


Mra Bros 









«5 as 

Sr Mown 


Brener a umto 



Coats Rnona 









Dm ue 

■ , - M < . . 1 , 




B.i • ■ .'I. 1 ! * -■ u i 









97 157 



44 110 

+2 xsb 




10 250 




43 112 


*0 150 
27 160 


20 K0 


1.1 265 


53 84 



05 233 
XS 17.7 
73 1X3 
.. a .. 54 

56 50 55 
23 61 *9 
73b 63 46 

26 e 90 144 
64 30 113 

S 3 34 
34 153 
43 1 X 2 
23 164 
5.7 106 
XS 14 7 

ten Energy 
Atenoc Resources 

I*,,* l^rsr 

II ^3™ 

*5 W - teuton 
» S tetoseCag* 

I SS 8 ESLu 

9 - 

• Ex dividend a Br fli b FOTOcart duUand • fttetai 
WR paatAd f Pride M •tMMteOti g Divid6rtd artd 
axOjOe a md«l payment lr Pr*-nwiwr figures a 
sast aaminoB o & other r & rtaha * & senp or 
share spit t Tax-tree . . No J 

1 '«* £»»> 



Shifting the tax burden is 
vital for job creation 

bn VMn. nr..i» - w 


Employment Taxes 1986/87 
(at basic rates) 






“Gross” pay 




2 JS 

PAYE income tax (29%) 


8 2 

Employee’s NI (9%) 



Take-home pay . 



Employer’s NI (10.45%) 


Employment taxes 


By Emile Woolf — ■ ■ ■ ■ — ■ 

^ onw e a “^- eleclion p0ssi - TABLE 1 TABLE 2 

D[ j on, y a year away, govern- — - — 

menl support^ are getting Comparative Tax Yields Employment Taxes 1986/87 

i^^ingJy jittery about Mrs 1985/86 Forecasts* (£ bWion) (at basic rates) 

redurtno r .m«SLi° f SUCCcss “ fc* on company profits 10.1 £ £ 

fW? H n ^P lo yj™t Caftol gaios and capital transfer taxes 1.9 -Grosa”i»v 162 

yredit is due to the Conser- Customs & Exdse -VAT 183 . “ rosr Pry 1,xu 

yauves for their achievements -Other 18.0 

m some aspects of economic Motor vaMtie taxes 2 JS . PAYE Income tax (29%) 0.47 

policy but there is an open Revenue tax FmninW; ni / 9 %i o is 

admission of frustration^ in oi prices) 8 .2 Employee s NI (9%) 0.15 

h«h places at the lack of ESSf ntyrates «, 13 * — 

m.toiins "ith *e Nl (employe & emptoyoes’) 2.48 _ Take*«ne pay 1i» 

p -viewing the recent book* 59.8 Employer’s NI (10.45%) 0.17 

^ a ^- lere ’ M 15 Empl cement taxes 0.79 

«^^«5^SR2p^iaBsaa^M^nSttOT a i^^ b,al ^* 1,0 ^ ttoPAYE sy ste ^^ Sot,,wF,nai, ^^* ate,nort ' 
London. Business School, — 

thS^A. 8(1111118 worthy of fresh consideration. It is this “marginal” eco- two children would not have 

that hiuh The 6,51 Smith’s neces- nomic activity that provides been concerned with employ- 

Sn broad Postulates con- the key to creating jobs - a roent taxes at all until the 

Hut rannfft 00715 what would today refer, feet that Mrs Thatcher, in her employee’s pay rose to more 

thw^pma- understand why to as “taxable capacity”, de- championing of the small than the national average; and 

ctar “*8 liat the subjects of business man should be more even then the rate was only 9p 
SSS r,.- u way state ought to contribute attuned to. in the pound. 

towards the support of gpv- The business on the margin The standard rate of income 

wh 3S* 1111151 ftument “as nearly as possible of' viability is that which tax then (33p in the pound) 
{“L C on i y onserva - in proportion to fitor respeo generates sufficient capacity became effective only when 

*Yf_ e ?S?2 inic °Pe n - tive abilities.” (added value) to satisfy wages reached 1.8 times the i 

Aon vvaitms suggests that Adam Smith first described employees' wage expectations; national average (equivalent 
lomasis oi j million or more in graphic terms the effect of provides its owner with the to approximately £340 per 
m^pioy^sfretdungmtoan taxmg wages, which is to shift minimum return compatible week today). 

^ tax to the employer. He with the effort and risk implio- Britain has the highest start- 

pe»imisnc. it would be nice cites the example of a worker h in running it; services its mg rate of income tax in the 
C- *1.. , “"““e » basic wage of £100 borrowings; and is capable of world with the exception of 

i ne answer to Sir Alans before the introduction of a 20 replacing worn out assets Australia; and a the same 
conundrum is quite _ simple: per cent tax. (depreciation). time these raxes become rav- 

'°yst^B ue 

,HM Treasury. 

tS he admitS worthy of fresh consideration. 

S?; ft “ The first of Smith’s neces- 

wages are the sarily broad postulates con- 

hii^ D f»ann/w u °f niplo y n3 ^ t oeras what would today refer, 
but cannot understand why to as “taxable capacity”, de- 

“J ^8^ ctaril « toat the subjects of 
ru- u ever V ***** o*«bt to contribute 

nnemnlJStESf 51 ??!^ ^ toWards ^ Support of gpV- 

uoemjdoymoit which must eminent “as nearly as posable 
leave the verdict on Consenra- in proportion to their respeo* 
tive economic policy open, five abilities.” 

Atan Waltos suggests that Adam Smith first described 
forecasts of 3 million or more in graphic terms the effect of 
unemployed stretching into an taxmg wages, which is to shift 
indefin ite future may be too the tax to the employer. He 
pessimistic. It would be nice cites the e xamp le of a worker 
to agree with him." earning a basic wage of £100 

The answer to Sir Alan's before the introduction of a 20 
c onun drum is quite simple: per cent tax. 
aspects of the unemployment His wages must now rise to 
problem, possibly crucial to its £125 to leave him with the 
resolution, arc being unwit- same disposable income (Le. 
tingly overlooked or wilfully net of tax) as be previously 
‘8® 01 i e <L . . enjoyed. Even then, however, 

Solutions arrived at in the his purchasing power in real 
past, for example by Keynes, terms win suffer when be is 
would be inappropriate now faced with the highe r prices 
because of the lads of circum- necesarily caused by the tax 
stantiai similarity between shift 
tiie causes of unemployment Smith's main point was that, 
in the twenties and thirties taxes on wages do not stick, 
and those which would apply They are in effect a tax on the 
today- employer, which must either 

What new feature, there- be passed on in prices (subject 
to market elasticity) or ab- 

Economists are sotted bytbe business, reduc- 
turning back Our own pay-as-yoo-eara 
to Adam Smith 

It is this “margiiiar eco- 
nomic activity that provides 
the key to creating jobs — a 
feet that Mrs Thatcher, in her 
championing of the small 
business man should be more 
attuned to. ■ 

The business on the margin 
of viability is that which 
generates sufficient capacity 
(added value) to satisfy 
employees' wage expectations; 
provides its owner with the 
minimum return compatible 
with the effort and risk implies 
it in running it; services its 
borrowings; and is capable of 
replacing worn out assets 

Nothing is left for taxation, 
and any such impost serves to 
render its operations even 
more precarious. This is no 
doubt why we find that many 
marginal enterprises are kept 
afloat by a subsidy just suffi- 
cient to fund their employ- 
ment taxes. 

Some may argue drat the 
rale of employment taxes, 
although failing to reflect the 

balanced British economic 
equation in recent years to 
contribute to the steady rise in 

It is in this context that 
dug reminded of Adam 
nidi's e mphasis on ta xable 


acknowledge be thus the 

closely connected? . Chanceflor with his largest 
The answer must be tnthe squ^ Q f revenue; yet 

fiscal realm, smeem the post- Q f assessment, 

war years Ration ternt^ being based on notional gross 
toms, expanded in size — and j^ of employees, - has no 
effect — out of ell recognition %xard to tire capacity of 
to meet the comptoaemary ^cd yt employers to bear 
growth in government 

^drca! reappraisal of the -^ A ;«*«ge tnsdnak in a 
tax system is acknowledged to 
be overdue. Intrigumgly, 
much of tins radical thrust is 
coming from the grouting R”® 5 ^ 

ranks of ihoreretumi^totS 
economisls for 

is perhaps reflected in employment haes. 
the growing number of pro- After all, tire tax must be 
Budget submissions to the found from the added value 
Chancellor which, tike that of they generate. Yet the annual 
the CBI this year, cite the added value per head of bank 
fundamental Canons of Tax- employees is. about £50.000 
anon, postulated more than compared with about £12,000 
200 years ago by Adam Smith in a marginally viable repair 
in his Weohh of Nations, as shop. 

classical economists for 

This is perhaps reflected in 
the growing number of pre- 
Budget submissions to the 
Chancellor which, tike that of 
the CBI this year, cite the 
fundamental Canons of Tax- 
ation, postulated more than 
200 years ago by Adam Smith 
in his Wealth qf Nations, as 

to bear it, is not so burden- Energy, pub 
some that it positively dis- sidering the 

courages employment — 

This mistaken view arises InrniTlf 
because such taxes are decep- 
tively expressed as a percent- Sit W3 
age of gross pay. A more ] K >| ow B 
objective reflection of their wlwn " 
impact is presented in Table 2, . ~ 

which shows tiie basic rate of ^ r^ime f 
employment taxes expressed production, 
in relation to net pay. The esser 

The table highlights the fact ^ 
that the present system of gramme of 
employment taxes disregards w fcere, sj nce 
the enqtioyer’s taxable capad- needtoproti 
ty entirely m requiring, even nesses ^ 
after the latest Budget’s reduc- emergence 0 
tion, 79p to be paid to the but for the t 
Revenue for every £1 of wages be economic 
taken home once personal and ■ Sucbrefor 
other allowances have been : ^ ^ empl 
.used up* -ntespectiye of the ultimately b 
added, value generated from nJoyer whai 
that employment. ‘ . of their incii 

This operates from the mo- ential added 
ment the business takes on its that emplo; 
first employee. Can a connec- tak e" into i 
non with unemploymenl be Smith’s prix 
denied? capacity is U 

Mr Nigd Lawson, the rect^ninont 
Chancellor, in his latest Bud- The atahe 
get speech, correctly identified Kingston 5 
“labour costs” as a cause of accountants. 

unemployment, but did so to 

admonish employers for con- *Britain's E 
tribuiing to wage infl a ti on. sance. : Mar 
Thirty years ago an employ- Reforms, 
a- ofthe father in a family with £19 JO. 

two children would not have 
been concerned with employ- 
ment taxes at all until the 
employee’s pay rose to more 
than the national average; and 
even then the rate was only 9p 
in the pound. 

The standard rate of income 
tax then (33p in the pound) 
became effective only when 
wages reached 1.8 times the 
national average (equivalent 
to approximately £340 per 
week today). 

Britain has the highest start- 
ing rate of income tax in the 
world with the exception of 
Australia; and at the same 
time these taxes become pay- 
able at a wage level which is 20 1 
per cent below the official ! 
poverty line - very much 
lower than the starting point 
for employment taxes in most 
other advanced industrial 

So far as the Chancellor's 
stated overriding aim of fiscal 
neutrality is concerned, be can 
do no better than read the 
report of the House of Com- 
mons Select Committee on 
Energy, published when con- 
sidering the most appropriate 



than others 

Income tax starts 
at wages 20% 
below poverty line , 

tax regime for North Sea Ofl 

The essence of its recom- 
mendations could be cited as i 
the cornerstone of any pro- 
gramme of tax reform, any- 
where, since it highlights the 
need to protect margin al busi- 
nesses and to encourage the 
emergence of new ones which, 
but tor the tax system* would 
be economically viable. 

Such reform must recognize 
that all employment taxes are 
ultimately borne by the em- 
ployer, whatever the jtiusian 
of their incidence, and differ- 
ential added value created by 
that employment must be 
taken into account if Adam 
Smith's principle of taxable 
capacity is to be accorded due 
recognition today. 

The author is a partner in 
Kingston Smith, chartered 

*Britain 's Economic Renais- 
sance: Margaret Thatcher’s 
Reforms, 1979-85, OUP, 
£19 JO. 

Scania h ave never been tempted to compete on 

cost alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean sacrificing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
research and development we might have to cut 
a few comers. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have to 
make do with boiling together bits and pieces 
made by someone less dedicated to precision. 

And msteadof maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, we'd be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, we'd be able to offer you a cheaper truck. But 
it would probably cost you more to run. It certainly 
wouldn't last as long. And when the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn't . 
be so healthy. 

Scania promise you years of low-cost operation. 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
the bargain basement 

Scania (Greet Britain) Limited. Tongwef. ~ 
Mflton Keynes MK158HB, Buckinghamshire. 
Tel: 0908 614040. Telex: 825376. 

Scania. Building trucks, building reputations. 


Norwich Union Chairman, Michael G Falcon, CBE, DL, reports 


6 The public s heightened interest in the whole insurance market and the confidence 
of intermediaries in our own business philosophy have contributed greatly to strong growth 5 

Norwich Union Life 

Norwich Union Fire 

I t ® pleasing to report that by 1985 our share of 
the traditional ordinary business and seif- 
emptoyed market in the UK had grown by almost 

50% since 1982 . , 

Our new UK annual premiums increased by 
10% to £90 million while single premiums reached 
£325 million — up by a third on !984. 

Our endowment policies demonstrated their 
competitiveness against other forms of savings, 

even without the advantage of tax relief. 

Mortgage-related business rallied well 

towards the end of 1985 and has started 1986 very 

^^^eli-empioyed pensions business doubled 

during the year. • . _ . 

The high level of new business is all .the more 

encouraging because it was achieved despite our 
refusal to follow competitors who are using projec- 
tions Of future bonuses on bases which we believe 

to be unrealistic and misleading. 

lw _ ■ l. i m/nli.-M/ matimnn 

are among, the highest in the market, very much 
supporting the Insurance Ombudsman's recommen- 
dation in his 1985 Report that “all surrender value 
calculations should be towards the high end of the 

Underlying such strength and confidence is an 
investment philosophy and strategy which is mark- 
edly different from that of our competitors. With 
large proportions of our funds invested over many 
years in ordinary shares and property, we are able 
to earn consistently higher returns than are avail- 
able to those who have concentrated on fixed inter- 
est securities. 

During 1985 the Life Society in the UK 
invested £494 million of which three-quarters went 
into shares and real estate. The £185 million 
invested in property in 1985 secured a starting yield 
of over 7%. 

We are committed to increasing market activity 
in the years ahead, and our efforts, assisted by the 

TObeunrea ^ Unfon ^ maturi ng • latest technology, will be underpinned by our deeply- 

10d3v roi e than two-thirds of the payout comes held belief in the independent 
g^un insured and vested bonuses while some intermediary through whom r . 

cfcuncompetitors' policyholders face the uncer- we sell our buaness ; NORW 

-inty of over half their expected payouts coming . — — w 1L 

f-cm a removable terminal bonus. - mhwk as w U INI UP 

a vpvj small proportion of our pplicyholdsrs ibatas^ £ 855m £ 739m iu£tiinifr!Ai 

LfLvSfcteMch year, but they can be tjom £» NSURANC 

^bSTthat our suronder values - -S™ .”»!! V- - 

Ne# Frenstfns 


£ 855m 
£ 480m 

E 739m 
£ 389m 

arket, very much premium income in the UK forged ahead by 

man's recommen- | some 24% in 1985. This reflected our ability to 

II surrender value negotiate more satisfactory premium rates together 
e high end of the with a high level of business renewed. A pleasing 
feature of 1985 has been the return of policy- 
i confidence is an holders who left us for a short-term price advant- 
jy which is mark- age and now recognise our values of consistency 
;ompetitors. With and dependability. 

rested over many Given a continuation of the realism that 

ierty, we are able appears now to be established, our prospects for 
is than are avail- sound growth are very good, 
ted on fixed inter- Commercial insurances finished the year with 

a much improved result 

;iety in the UK Our UK motor premiums reached over £200 

ree-quarters went million for the first time although with a lower insur- 
"he £185 million . ence profit The increase in frequency of motoring. 

Bd a starting yield accidents continued through 1 985 and the fact that 
nearly one in three drivers killed has a blood/alcohol 
ing market activity content above the legal limit gives cause for concern. - 

s, assisted by the « The effect of home insurance rating 

ted by our deeply- 1 changes, both upward and downward, 

I will not be fully apparent until 

1986 but in 1985 a loss was 

NORWICH S made, even after the allocation 

1 1 Liirxk f * S3 °* investment incorr ie- 
UNION world-wide pre-tax 

llk'linillAr profit at nearly £30 million is up 

II^UnANGE WHMMlWi 43% (excluding the re-organi- 
hhmmmnJ sation costs in 1984). 

An increased dividend to the Life Society again 
resulted in a positive return to our life policyholders. 
In stark contrast, many of our competitors continue 
to provide no dividend from their general business 
results and depend heavily on contributions from 
life fund surpluses, and profits from past years. 

Consolidated Results 



insurance resuti 




Ijriiai itogocm 

£371 5m 

£40 6m 

£46 7m 


£3 8m 



11 6 









464 7 





las cwavib 




__ ' 




■ 44 2 





E*C«“S ncr -7VK3 1 OT6f iCTWS 
O^r r.^rr?;| 

Sras t pfe j p-:f > ansr-fi 


£69m £l.0m 













13 7 


Ktva I309 C 3 J 

rn ^ the Dfrecws'. Report and Group Acawnts including the Qwrman ' s full Statement and the Chief General Manager's Review of Operations may be obtained from The Accountant. Norwich Union Insurance Group. P0 Box A Afbmch NR1 SVG 

^ . . • - - ; * *« 
’• '■’r' ** 1 . . » * -. V 


Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Political revolution in q 

The north German city of 
Bremen is best known for its 
shipbuilding and general sea- 
faring activities but it is as a 
manufacturer of cars that it is 
playing an increasingly impor- 
tant role in the future of 
Daimler Benz and Mercedes 
Benz UK in particular. 

The Conservative south 
German group's decision in 
1978 to build a car factory in 
Socialist-dominated Bremen 
was quite a shock. Indeed the 
early years were notable for 
the friction generated rather 
than the cars produced. But it 
has to be remembered that 
both sides were learning about 
each other and none more so 
than the Stuttgart company, 
which had never built a car 
outside its traditional Swabian 
base and was worried about 
the possible effect on hs 
cherished image as a producer 
of quality cars. 

Now the learning curve is 
over and die results are begin- 
ning to show in strength. Since 
1978 the labour force at the 
Bremen factory has more than 
doubled to over 1 1,000. This 
year it will produce 160,000 
cars, rising to 180.000 next 
year. The effect on overall 
Mercedes output has been 
quite dramatic for a company 
which always proclaimed the 
necessity for slow, reliable 
growth. Annual car produc- 
tion shot up from 470,000 in 
1 984 to 540.000 last year and a 
forecast 580,000 this year. 
Almost all the growth came 
from Bremen. 

The great majority of Bre- 
men cars are the small (for a 
Mercedes) 190 model. British 
motorists bought 18.000 last 
year, and increase of 25 per 
cent on the year and will 
probably buy 19,000 this 
year.- more than one in three 
R190s, indicating clearfy the 
importance of Bremen to the 
fortunes of Mercedes UK. 

But Bremen is also the 
home of Mercedes estate cars. 
It is turning out about 30.000a 
year ami recently reorganized 
its assembly lines to produce 
the new look T-series estates 
which are just reaching British 
showrooms. They are loaded 
with new technology, much of 
it underlining the company's 
tremendous attention to de- 

For example, it is not 
necessary to slam the rear 
door. You simply lower it and 
an electric motor takes over 
for the final couple of indies. 
Technology gone mad? Not a 
bit of it. The rear door on any 
estate is the weakest point on 
the car causing structural and 
noise problems which increase 


Made in Bremen: The new Mercedes T-series estates 

due to wear and tear on the 
door lock, seals and some- 
times even distortion of the 
door itselfl 

Four versions are being 
imported. The base model is 
the 200T costing £13,900, 
230TE £16,150, the 300TE 
£20.500 and the 250TD (die- 
sel) £16,300. That is an aver- 
age 15 per cent more than the 
old models but it must be 
remembered that they were 
omitted from the last 5 per 
cent price increase in March. 
There is also more sophisticat- 
ed equipment in the oew 
model and finally the German 
Marie grows stronger almost 
daily against the pound. 

New Ford 

Another new estate car on 
sale from this week is the Ford 
Siena Ghia 4x4 and it too 
commands a hefty price 
£13,643. You can add a fur- 
ther £869 for the optional ABS 
anti-lode brakes and £668 for 
air conditioning, flowered by 
the now rather long in the 
tooth but still robust 2.8 litre 
V6 this is a rocket of an estate 
car with a maximum speed of 
124 mph and a 0-60 mph time 
of 9.2 seconds. 

Ford is marketing it with a 
distinct bent towards foe 
hunting, shooting and fishing 
fraternity where its good looks 

and four wheel drive should 
certainly score some Brownie 

A brief trial run on normal 
roads and private forest tracks 
was sufficient to show that foe 
newcomer is no mean per- 
former. As such it should suit 
foe young company executive 
who wants an upmarket estate 
for weekend activities and 
family duties but still yearns 
for a more exdting “set of 
wheels” as personal transport. 



At a shade under lOfA feet 
long, the Daihatsu Domino is 
one of the smallest cars on foe 
road. Indeed its abruptly cut- 
off rear gives it foe appearance 
of being even smaller and this 
provoked some ribald com- 
ments from a couple of col- 
leagues whose Ford Escort 
dwarfed foe little Japanese 

But their amusement 
turned to outright amazement 
when foe Domino easily out- 
paced them at the next traffic 
lights Grand Prix. Small it 
may be but this newcomer to 
the Daihatsu range is a real 
flyer thanks to its lightweight 
and astonishingly powerful 
850cc three cylinder engine. 

It simply loves to rev,- 
responding immediately and 
enthusiastically to even a 


whiff of throttle. In many 
ways it reminds me of an 
Italian engine and has the 
same rorty exhaust note. 

Of course with such a short 
wheelbase only 7.4 feet long it 
is a foisty little beast on wet 
roads, spinning its front driv- 
ing wheels like a good big Tin 
and flicking its tail out when 
rally provoked. But given a 
modicum of care in bad 
conditions it is a reasonably 
well mannered, safe transport 
for four people provided they 
keep their luggage to the barest 

The brakes are among the 
best on any small car. They 
respond instantly and progres- 
sively to light foot measure in 
a most reassuring way. 

Despite its nippiness the 
Domino is very frugal, return- 
ing well over 50 mpg through- 
out foe test period. 

The high roof line together j 
with four doors and a rear 1 
hatch make access to the rear i 

Vital statistics 

Model: Daihatsu Domino 
Price: £3,995 

Engi ne: 846cc three cylinder 
Performance: 0-60 mph 14.7 
seconds, maximum speed 84 

Official consumption: Urban 
48.7 mpg, 56 mph 70.6 mpg 
and 75 mph 44.8 mpg. 

Length: 10.5 feet 
Insurance: Group two. 

seats and luggage compart- 
ment surprisingly convenient 
for such a small car. Most 
Dominos will, I suspect, be 
bought as second car run- 
abouts or cheap transport to 
and from work. 

For either purpose they are 
very practical With foe rear 
seats folded forward they will 
swallow the contents of the 
biggest supermarket trolley. 

But at £3.995 the Domino is 
by no means foe cheapest of 
the minis. The Austin Mini 
City costs nearly £400 less. 
The students' favourite, the 
Citroen 2 CV, is more than 
£1,000 cheaper but painfully 
slow. The spritely Hat Panda 
must come into the reckoning 
at £3,397 while foe smaller 
Fiat 1 26 is still foe cheapest of 
all at £2,431. 

NOTE- Time does not per- 
mit me to enter into corre- 
spondence on individual car 
recommendations or motor- 
ing in general However where 
possible 1 try to cover points 
raised in subsequent columns. 
The c o rrec t address is Clifford 
Webb, The Times Midland 
Office, Albany House, Hurst 
Street, Birmin gham BS 4BD. 

Bristol Street Motors 


£ 34.50 

TEL: Callum Milne 539 8282 

Reading G 

Christchurch Road 

•^grtdsff - 

« (0734) m 

* 875242 ™ - 



F - 3 Gordon Ford — Matlock 

Causeway Lane. Matlock. Tel. (0629) 2231 



IM . Phase L AugpBtflM. 
B rcg. 5 door. 5 s*ed. On 
owner. Btoo meofte wA mod- 
ified napen — n. etoctnc 
sunroof and tw to. Under 
17.000 rode s. to good Drier - 
2nd cv. ftwae safe. 


Tefc 07985 666 
(Office boors) 



AUomaiir C m 1- 10-85 
1.500 mid Diamond unit, 
uiDmini Back teat belts and 
atam. Immaculate condition 
SHU we warranty flJOO 
041 o. l 485 5481 

ASTON MARTIN Vfl W rrolow 
mUeage .storm rMUnagnOMa 

Mr.MJA vtiimy locks and 
alarm, wu RUtotauMaiat dw 
cowl. taxed VI AoqjCiWOO 

Reel Safes 

Leaskrg and Contract Wr? 

SAUCE ROVER 1988 (Demon- SKSHA 4 x a c rtg. Vmh. nn- 
snetorl 4 door VOW- A Mete- factory out km*. 7.000 

ok- rand. Derwent BUM. XSOO rate Grauirw ,nm tar pn 

KM CJUBOt 0476 I* wfc £9.2SC ono TeT Ol 
7oo7Tta>'aa»i mm t boa aass or at-aoe son- 



Cannock Shafts. 

6326 SSl 




SBUR, 43.000 mllea only. 
FSK Available with Rac Ha 
ABMLor ml spUt 

wMk. leather. Sunroof. FSH- 

Save £££ tm toast sates 
You enfld u tor i m 
tmpo ra d car m a more rdboto, 
safer eat S gm nteed b« 
price. Based on too towst 
co mnw a list once + tm 
ttsawoi For Ml daWs S <rea 
leaRas please cafl or writ. 




(Autos) Ltd 

01-590 0087 


.MW Memo TOMO Man-ti IMS. I 

4. BOO min. bum. su» roof. I — O NO AN *4. 4 

MS trUWL FttMU raNOi 
made by Naylor- Brand new. 
unrawctarad. maaw awr Mur. 
red leather upMMny. Full mu 
wr Available now. £14.750. 
0052 005614. 

2645 pventngs. 

C4.9GO Ol 305 

DBG Many EWrasJMMO mb 
Geo nun coadtton. £ 11.000 
anO. SM«MU5 107531 486978 

£2.500 Tefc 01-382 OS13 

nwcx Raven as iai 4 ur. 
Manual, smar. Fob B Ram. 
Cabral Loea. Aim BUrtCL 
rtr. a aoppm ara, FSH. £9,900 
02S72794S3 Or 0204- 



UNIT 15 

If h A Tk 

TEL(0908) 320355 




Ex Stuck 

(subject to prior *de) 

2 x Audi Quattro 
1 x Opel Senator CD 
Kgbest Baits* Protection in 
Sue) Amour 

Tet 02-669 4681 

ECP Motors Ltd 

165 Turners Kill 
Cheshurit. Herts 

Tdsphrere fat Mn» 
0468 678191 

general motors 


CATEMMAM T twin enn w»*ed. 

aNo Esprit Z2. A/C Tel bo Ol- 
202 2713. KXnea T. 


1985 C reft. MeUcterewtote 
Mack derior. KJOB miles. I 
oner, as oew. Surer stereo & 
Sui rod. M0 R 8 seconds. 125 
rot*. 35 nfiB- fmmaotetB 
conddnr. {Coosoler p/ex 

Tat 0594 563GS8 anytime 



©Ivor Holmes n- 


arm Cresnawori hb m- 
wce Hsnrj mefedriS 

TEL P*4 77758 5 «£. 

928 S 

A Re* 19X100 mte-cyg^ 
pagoe. learner BPtooaMV- 
ESR^EIec win dow. PSH. 
RtaC Em/Wk«J 

Day 01-631 098* 

911 TURBO 


1983 59-80 0 tab, . i qw g"; 
pushed maewod meoUC 
wth brown A cream bg* 
interior Air eond. ESB. 
(n> mandate CondUao. 

,mm nS3 f 500 

Exebaroe cansuatti 
Cheftoniiain 519754 

ttfl LEEDSiC532) 506454 


0582 576622 

A Smafl Selection From Our Approved Used Stock’ 



jnraOBBBI B» M 

mat sxs esi v ins. smek 

patmwork. UacM vetaor Mal- 
ar. AddnuM teems uxsidc 
Recaro seaB. ibttnc aanroaL 
cn-boarxl comiiuMr. air cowB* 
ttOBtae. P JHMMAd c stereo 
ReoourtR senlcmt. 5«J»0 
MM. C14JOOO ono Tet Oi- 
486-7087 d. O1-94B5062 •/ w. 

Bugatti, Mercedes, Ferrari, Be. 


12S <d tto met ntreoriiay spor»BWto(lB of em reaaoatobe 
soM a autaren S MWs NA Aw (6GBt StI teapry. Mar W. Pttmm, 
Ua; 8 « a A M anvtoig; 6 Bb0SBe 3 Menta SOO^ptoi^: 
0«ggd»i> J. M not ax ok. Lo ns. Lo*l ftagi, Ma w A OKI 
Asm Item. Japan t tt- Uanr «ttep Hamna 

LandmoMH. Tattxd Lags. MavbacA etc Pl» tend Taonoft Made 

Lamtoamu. Tatbct Lago. B 
aid Spnrt can. Proas y res. 

ooflQ BukM.|iln. p a id— car 

150 page ateogm aradattt One to stamea of sox 
express caaB rec o mmea de d M tea. 


136 East 73nf SL, NY. NY 10021. 
Telephone: 212 7S4 2280. 

Laneon TMki Ltd tele oa TnoL 
0752 314431 — 0752 413882. 

nre fiCRfisKR 


vMawl question 


mna amo pmmmy sob mm 

model, low mUeaoe (orlwmNyl. 
LHD ODOSldtred. OX-936 1118 
ext 660 evamngk. 

BMW'S MSTAHT Valuations na- 
UonwKte. Call Jatm onta now 
on 0402 234G6 m 

UM beat one*. Tab 01 502 4246 
or acute lor teas. 

BM LUX Guana red. 
electric unroof. Ptooeer stereo. 
JEMra* total £3.000. immacu- 
tetr cotxmion. £14^50 01-302 
1142 (OUlcae. 01-509 0909 

nunetal W W« BTO. 
14.500 genutew UJ eage. tn per- 
fect com m on. £12.000. 
Tatepbone 0299402100 

DAIMUR V* 290 Saloon 1969. 
Maroon with cream bydr Interi- 
or. wire wheels. 11 nuhs 
MOT £2,500 TefcOl 551 
6577 anytime 

BHmfiAN 4/« 2 eraser, red. 
19S9- Long MOT & Tax. A lot 
ol wort done. JC3^9&00. Ten 
Ol 3BS 3291 eve. 

Mant te, Sa ipan. Zmnober 
red, Artls^atB trim. f9tsd 
stereo, first Beastered 1st 
April 86. genuine 2J3QO. 
odes oniy. . 

£15,995 . 

Tet (0276)685 345 Office 

•24 LUX AUTO. 1979- V n«- 
V.O-C- Two owners. 
SbRO'CNMlte Blue. £4.600, 
Tet Bolton, lain (0304) 

•U9C TARBA. 1979 73jOOO 
mOn Tidl ’ btotocy ettertthed 
number oootaodtoa £9.800 

mm if 


Phona Panrlocfcre 
. Sibvb Cbsb KOWI . 


* Satf-employwfand 
business users we take 

any vehicle ki any 
conditfon as a deposit. 
Free delivery anywhere 
in the UK. 



AUOi COWf OT. 198*. Saver 
Gray - BUrt azto Rad Is*.. Ono- 
Inal Owner. Good TVru. CM2 
19.000 miles, standard extras. 
v»c. £7.300 oils, contact 
’Harry 1 TeLO 1-622 9596 any 
ttane altar 1200 ms Friday 

Tornado red /brio* tot 
low ralteese. tramacutor I 
tton. £19.995. Teton 
078S-8I3411 a n yti m e. 

OOLF GTI June 1983. 29fiOO 
mb. Stack. Sun roof. Hontn 
rad cas h n m o culaw. £4.900 
TriOl -3806061 (day! 01-656 
9542 level. 


MOMH tm (Ai. RMMH SB- 
ser 34.000 mnes. Company 
Chairman’s car. in bainacidaia 
cgndmoo £9.876 ana. Ter. 
0202 692497/732867 

SUVUUUM 1985 fY> 
tow muaaae. fuB twice histo- 
ry. onronvto owner. £9.100. 
Tri 0079 870095. 

* dteraS 

ate 8E96 prises, rocot- 


jaguar xjs he 

J2® W- Cohan Ho. man 
tate, g CQO tfihaWQ, gfl ls ^ 
«to a«>w» 
wner. 11,750 mte. 

1A87 BEMTUY SI Ooiotne trite 
Mr 54416 angina) car not 
m BM. £ 14750. 0615508669 
FMMRC Surer Sprat. Self drive 
or oavBW. outer vehicles 
avallaMe Ol -5400280/7902 T 




Mercedes Authorised 

Dk "82 (Y). 7W$de 
ween. 13.100 mk. 
|N«nM radio cas- 
“ae. Fun smc. 


051 342 5590. 

WANTED 81 SDfttt Low Murage. 
F8H. Keen pner. Buyer waiting 
Ol -9Ba«52 cr DI- 
SK 3440 evenings. 

SAAB 9001 


FW Ran. Jan. 86. Black 
with briar Interior. 2.000 
iMn only. Facility roof, 
towbar. dec arid, curnn 
radio stereo cassette. Pri- 
vate Male J8H 7. extra. 
Owndno reason far ale. 

£10500 . 

Tet 0890 2146 

SOM Two doer. MMO miles. 
I tnt im mured July *84 (Al. Re- 
nMlBing useful Ufa estimate - 
200.000 miles. £4.880. T* 
0986 52X80 Iburiuw 

14WIN1M*. 1984 CA retf 5 
door, metafile blue, ape warn. 
Narco/ radio n ri rO fc w» roof. 
29 .coo rafles. l owner, cemnee- 
hntvc service record, 
t a tese rt eandnao. £7.995. 
Tet- Paw Bourn# (048623 
67802 (Monday - Friday} . 



Fitted ACC, Rad/Caas, *M0 
rna« (My. Cis.450 vale Mo- 
tors. Yate. Bristol. CtiUaxog 
Sodbtuy 046*5x3496 


All riaatfirri advcniiemeiits 
cm be accepted by telephone 
(except AanOuneementil. The 
dctAnc * 5.00pm 3 days prior 
to pnbhraico (ic 5.00pm Mao' 
day for Wednesday). Should 
joc wish to send an advenue- 
iwsm in writing please mdudr 
your daytime plwne man her. 

customer services de- 
partment. If you have any 
queries or praUem trialing lo 
your advertisement once n baa 
appeared, please contact our 
Claxomer Services Department 
by telephone on 01411 4100. 



lunM ui rarthenne wiihk 
knowledge that works lor ho- 1 
manky, urgently sought By 
□■lector <4 cman Bui untauris 

tfffdnr Rivndi Foundation. 
L k repwered cnaniy No. 
23S3S 0. Please wntc to The 
Glynn Rrvtarrti Foundation 
Lid. Bodmin Cornwall 
al Meeting. All day*. Pm ale 
enquiry Ring 0474 822244 «. 
l« 7 Dm 

FULL SIZE second hand Snooker 
Table irqinifd. any cOfuBUOrv. 
will rollert Tei Mrs Ta ilor, of - 
tice hrv. Luton 038? 467222. 
Drtks. Bookcase etc A- Prr 1940 
furniture Tel' Ol S85 Ol 48 «r 
01-228 2716 day or moot 
F a CL'P Tickets Wanted. 

Wimbthedon Ticket* best Prices 
paid r 03221 536568 
FA OOP and witnntetfon ncket* 
wanted plus d e bent ur es Best 
prices pad. ox 226 0857 


MO SEC. Min Vehicle. FnH MB 
Htotmy * MB Warmly, saver 
wtt Mack leather. AH extras 
Bic air roo. elec adtwtaMe * 
heated seats. ESLABS. me. Ex- 
cellent rood. 57k. £21.500 
ono. New Merc dettvered. Ol- 
*48 4541 corace X»» 01-878 


ford) Ltd. Me rcedes Bear mam 
dealers. Underwriters for ba 
and low mileage Mercedes.. 
Contact MaJcobn McGowan on 
0708 2351 L 


Ageata tan 

Trto. BtauponJn. Httact* 
PhtOtat. Pioneer. Clarion. 

Main Biting and repair 


TEL: 0793 815777 


used Saab with ‘Safeguard* is 


ANICAL Insurance only awarded 




W&ndBS Cofkottet litas, de- 
sninnml only C85S per sqvd 
+ VAT Wool nrn B «w carpets 
4m wde Hesson backed M-35 
pa sfl yd + VAT. WMe sucks 

148 Wadsworth Bridge Rd. 
Praam Gaea, SOT. 
Tal:01-731 3388/9 
Bw knots Emm lorp. 

SEATTWOCRS Any event Inc Lea 
Me. CoimtCdn. Starughi EOT. 
Wimbledon. Gtyndehoume. 01- 
828 1678 Makw credit canto. 

BB1 TN P AT DUB ? Give M Bwenr 
an original Times Newsoaiw 
dated the very day they were 
born £.12.50 0492 31305. 



148915.. lOvear* Did. sn 9tn*. 
hni clam rondjuon. regulariv 

woitie £4 -500 ono 

Tri:i0925> 62974 



The Classified 
Department will be closed 
on Monday 5th May 1986 
Advertisements for 
Tuesday 6th May & 
Wednesday 7th May 
must be placed by 
5. pm Friday 3rd May 
To place your 
fori Advertisement 
Please ring 

01 481 4000 

Fax number: 

01 481 9313 



3B8GD NOV ■** IB) Ittmtac! Gen- 
uine* 9.000 miles. Met Great, 
eth gear. Head restraints. Head- 
lamp wash ft Grins. Rad. caw 
Rear umMtnch. Dealer num- 
umed. Any trial. £11.280. 060- 
874-551 004 



1882 r SKVER SPORT UgM ops- 
ter. dock brawn vriour. 29000 
miles. RR warranted. £52.960. 
Henh n of PaHiliiny 0722 


as new £11500. TeL 0200) 


1 1 Ai -A : *• ?• J »:< y i 

1993 . 

-1 Doaar. Oaufter driven. 
Magmks Wb kwnor. krone- 
mb ConOOoR ftandy 
sHvnad. Jack Barclay 

. rwifi.4 



Tel: 01-491 1099 

Londons teadmq smaM In 
new ana rasMKWd Manos far the 
unnl geaanw wMcilan avail- 
able 30a H lanaate Rd. NWS 
01-267 7671. Free catakMMt- 

SALC of new and second hand 
ptanm. guftart. keyboards and 
Kcntonn. 10 °» oil marked 
tmees. Chiswick Music. 4 Acton 
Lane. W4 Ol 995 6530. 

and rrcoodiboned QuaUy at 
reasonaMC pnres 326 Brtghlon 
Rd.. S Craydon 01-688 5613 

watch. I8ci w gokl. £1600 
ono tei 01-6598829 or car 
phone i0660v3S0160 


nmiy sb i96i. ter* wue 
over sttver. ma ntsmiy. creto 
nooai condukm. tax ft ohm. 2 
owners front new. <32X00 
ono. Tei 0628 883255 

INC for sale. C res- 


01-940 0593 


' — -Officially ' ^ 
Appointed (£) 
Classm Deafer 

x v9 t a n for tmumate WAMTTO OM 1419 JK 1*919 

1 WAE transfer, otters £H2^ < SgST£J e '-r JB “ 
ova- fanm. <3121 or 0292 43*33. T- 


IMn £260 MriN £200. Po- 
Uceman £100. Letters of 
amhenclty wtm each oute. Tel: 
0586 860825 

CfflTteB Be Anfwbm Bss 

London tclus CenKc 

1982. 33LOOO itfles. Fulf ser- 
vice iBsftOfy. Moan Yellow. 


pedigree pupom. home roared, 
accustomed to children, looking 
for flood homes, end May. Tel: 
WohSnriisn 1088388) 3571 . 

UBCMPB. Excellent bloodline, 
working. Show, companions. 
For Details Tel: 074788 558 



13 Cmi Ormond Street 
London WCi'- OI-4C15 C101 



cnsiec 4B—L grant writem ra 
end arid. MB mmmnwe d. 


(■n ew , a Wtmtows. 





‘ J < ./(ir/tr ((h/kk'/i 



Exampiss ol ou coBWa»w ra® 5 

bmt m fan £« W ® P* 

m » i *— h« ® w ]*■ ?S Z 

Abb IML—tte HZ ft fate ES — tom £47 fa 

We wflJ boy your easing can. 


I i.‘ 13) Jf.ll4t.-31L i 3 I X I 

i nc M na 700 saries Estate* 
available on lease 




TefcJB245) 413742 (Sn) 
or (0708) 42242 (week) 





TVn 28M C Om f lB IB U X 1985. 
whlta. only 2.000 miles, pood 
KPOC. £11.360. Boom- Head Mo- 
tors 0482 56900/5X822. 

88 tO HtSOAN 380 ZX TARDA 
Aina. Met Silver, 240 MUea. 
£11.460 Tet 01-482-7X54 It) 
S3 PEBMUB 3BB an Bed. 1 
Own. FSH. Requires ausch. 
£19X500 Tet 061 -798-7975 
LOTUS CARS. FOr the best n*- 
IWnwtde cash buyers. Phone 
Lotus Norfolk 0603 407766m. 
MAZDA BX7 85 (A) Silver Cray. 
28.600 miles. Ekce Usm co ntu- 
Uoa. £550a 0272 732735 
LOTUS EXCEL A teg. l«ht btue 
Eneamc 20.000 raw- 
new. £9.900. Hoflri Mend Mo- 
tors 0459 36900 7 3X822. 

1BS2 MOB BA H 4- 4 Btee fc-_Pe d 
Leather Trim. lOuOOO m Ontv. 
Offend At £7.995 Cardiff 
02 22-495 871 or 753103 IU 
CORVETTE 1976 1 owner. Very 
low mileage Auto. PAS. T root 
Air con. Leather Aim*. Dee 
windows, unmacutatr cond for 
year. £7.995. PX poto. 
TeiJ07B3J 882979 T. 

TVB T A T IBTl asm convenan* 
tenet 2. B rrfl, July 86 wKh fuH 
cemely bite btenor. fmtshed 
tit met blue. £15500 ONO tne 
extended warranty. Td 0743 
369041. ASk for James Snooit. 



Live in O/R. Collect 4 
year old from school. 
Light household dunes. 
V. Good salary + Travel 
pass- Mm. stay * 

01-994 1993 

quires A mUtam a cook vitih 
restaurant experience. Salary 
negotiable PI rase phone Cara- 
line Ctancy before 12 noon or 
after 5pm 730 5447. 
87 Begem Strceu«odon wi. 
Tel *39 6634. UK Overseas. 
AIM lohripa.doms Msnp-'Panu 
May to July. North London. 
Tel: Ol 486 4884 or 062973 
2659 (wee k e n ds). 


FBEMCR EKGLtSH speaking na- 
Uneial age 46. Swiss work 
permit, wide experience m 
French and Enflbsh meaning 
Africa seeks post in trade mar- 
Mr included) Geneva rased, 
available to Dtitei. Reply to 
BOX 809. The Tunes. PO Box 
48a Virginia Street. London £1 

of people need 
your help to 
ease the pain 
of cancer. 

You can brfp us to replace 
fear and with calm and 

dignity far so many, by making 
a legacy, covenant « docacou 
Please contact us far details 
of pwmeru ngbi away ar 
The Manorial Society far Cancer 
BebeLEoom »A. Anchor House. 
1S-19 Bnnen SuLondooSnS 31Y. 
Tbfcphnne- 01-351 73H 



Top discounts all makes and models 

Credit terms available 


Pw wk Pw 

Rvri Read _ £27 Vaudafl ZD— fl8 

SW ^EsotT £28 Audi 80 £46 

VW *32 BMW SB £47 

Mtati 6Z 07 RenauK 2ST5 £S6 

1 wear contracts for business users, indudaa all servio- 
repair, all reptowmit ^. . bmakdoym 
S&very membership, replacement vehicto, 3 yr. RF 

bc8nce AH mates & models suoDCed 


01 200 3939 


Abow BN hi Mbkk hMfag. han (Mtdpa rad aatraflWre 

Astra 6TE E4U9 Nissan Prate S3UB 

Belmam 1 8 6LS- S39AS SiWa ZX turtio — KIM 

CavaUer Corn- — ttl* New Escort 1.6 GLS 07.72 

MG Metro sn r £31 18 XR3nfts ntfis MZ® 

MG MMgtro ZO Efi- £4155 RS famo^cusnra KLM 

MOdtBflO l.B «. est_ ££95 VWw 340 - --- 

BUBbrt T MB Shopm 4 w/d B2M 


Citroen Visa DSL K4.1S *New Nissan Vanme.- OK 

Renault Bda 1.1 £20« ReWfl Trafc TBOO — OtM 

Maestro 500 My. £Z7Z8 MUsaU^r L-300 £3389 

Nissan Mater pu_~ nza Nissan Uiwn--. £31.1 7 

Any maka or model Htpoted. Pmant wMefa puntwrod. 
3 year hue contracts httclMSB BBteB oMf. 

TEL: 0902 405977 

Lease Master 


SLL MAf;£$ -»• 'VOOrLS 

AS7RA I * 

Wdtv — —-£49.95 

escort ia — -fcCLk 

GRanada — £2s - 9 S 

Wntegq iS=r« 
ftRRO I * ■* ^ £*425 

2®Ra IjTr * — ■ 229-99 

:3C55ia tfg; 

^STRa G7T ~^ — **97 
^ -—£3038 


’ r i ■ i ‘ - , 

^ ► ' 'J'J- L - ! y 

Sooth of 

Mftttands ft 

^ 302747 

®1*®®8 3163 


Bibton Rd, 

Competitive leasing 
on the fun range 
of Ford CommeciaJ 

Td; WohreHMmptptt 
(0902) 51515 


What have I got 
that leant ghe?’ 

Diabetes is iwi infeoious tun 
it cansmfce an\'*VK. It is still 
inaiiabfebulttecan figtu 
the damage and suffering it 
cart cause- every year more 
than 1.500 children develop 
diabetes, die hidden disease. 

Join us m Ac 
tigfc. Vfcnecd 


10 Queen Anne Street. London 
JA1M0BD. iiuii.ta-i.s-.-yj 1 

TURNBCRBT - Often goK. Com- 
loru&te house to tet. tips 6 AH 
mod cons «0 nuns Tumbmv. 
5 nights £300 or 7 mritfs £400. 
T«f 0565 58251 
cmiral London (ram £525 pw. 
Ring Town K» APB 575 5435 
■Mr Slodnr S«imr Asnioo- 
worm Ltd oi-Mi sooa.m 
PUTNEY funny balcony lop IM 
lor coupte 2-3 months. £100 
p w I nd Ol 789 6030 
k’rfKMtWon COJ TV 24hrswh£L 
Ux. CoHlnqham Apts 373 6306. 


UPDOMSTON, prof. m,l. rartv 
20s - 10 sharrsnanom house, oil 
mod. cans £l75pc.m. TH:01- 
582 3004 after 7.00 PJ4. 


turtles laypeople. btehous 
ft cleigy who consiter that 
the ordination of women 
as bishops and pnese 
would imperil Ufa doc- 
trinal basis of the Church 
of England to retfster in 
confidence wtm 

Uie Retd R.D. Gould 
66 Buckiand Crescent 
Windsor SLA 5JS 
stating their tide. name, 
address and diocese. 

■n large lux (tax. £ 1*0 pm cxd. 
Tel 328 2789 After 7 pm 

RALMAM Own room aid bath- 
room m large comfortable 
home: non smoker, cal lover. 4 
monins only. £55 pw. fori Ring 
673 00*4 alter 6.30 pm. 

SJ Tube, n> f. snare owners flaL 
own bathroom teteohone 
£6Gpw Inc TM. 01957 6532 
lafter 6pmv 

STREATHABL Luxury studio 
beosH. rinse to tr a nsport. Suit 
profoaskmai N S. 2 smsle. 1 
double. £45 A £60 pw inri . Tel; 
671 8862- 

® Buy a 
w Swimming Pool 

The SPATA logo is your assurance of 
quality and reliability. Only SPATA 
members can offer SPATASURE - 
exclusive guarantee. 

Membership list and handbook from 
Mr T. Lingham, 

SPATA, 01-291 3455 (24hrs) 



* Hmas heriag. Apq tod ch emicals & 

* Laser reowoo raea good reader anras. ft 07 

■ Reasraty sneed. KgSi 

Semi tv draft from rte MaUtadmfs- & 


Ttt B455 flllttl (24hn) 


Mm I bb Pul bsfa Bal ac s - Cuerato or liner * 

* tool Sanfcfag ft MalnfaMflcg * 

• Existing Pool ftetarbUnefll * 

* Hal Tubs ft Jacazzis * 

Tet 88832-2335 

fcaas Bartra Cortre. UapsteM Rd, Okritefban, Svnqr. 




to London or East Angte 

• Sennce * 

• Supples • 

* hsafta&ans * 

Ryoiref Nuwy. Marks Tey. 
GokhesUL Essex 

(0206)- 212313 




To Advertise, pteasa csfl 

01-481 1920 


Specialists in the design, 
construction and renova- 
tion of luxury fully uled. 
reinforced concrete swim- 
ming pools. 

Throughout the South-East 


LAD8ROOKE GROVE m. f 20‘s, 
own room in cottage ISO pw 
Tel: 22: 5644 

FLATMATES Selective Sharing. 
Well nub introductory service. 
Pise Ml for appt 01-68? 5491. 
315 BcnplM Road. &ws 
H ARROW nr tube. Prof M f n s 
ST! own OBJ rm In rial share 1 
other £160000 427 8490 eve 


X14. own room for worktne Ctrl 
tn cosy house, age 21*. £30 00 
pw + tails. Tel O) -639 1464 at- 
. ter 6pm or weekends 


Genuine T mrath Sauna* 

5W17 Professional - person. 
20 30 to snare spacious llaL 
O R. C H Nr tube £4O0w * 
tails. Of -672 7671 alter 6 

n y to share large CH flat nr 
tube £180 prmpha share tails. 
•fo6 4558 after Sum. 

3RD PERSON lo shr luxury 
house in Chiswick £46 pw. 
Tel. Ol 994 3686 After 7pm 

W-l Small rm £60 pw mri Lge rm 
£89 pw md in luxury nse. quiet 
square nr lube 01-387 1699. 



SupBb ipMl.'is ms ei tranpul cns- 
ct* 2 UNe bedra®. 2 megs. Id H 
pmeiepaDo Ere coxd ttreugbouL Co. 
IB. 1 yf +. £275 pw. 

rn?a:; [ h; 

Cnansriff la fir I tednm flat wdi te 
toad urban i lge an teng mxp. Ca 
Id. 1 yr + Cl GO p.«. 

01-631 5313 


SW5 KEMSBICTON flat Oriel, 
spacious (round floor dal. 3 
bedrooms. 2 baths. Using room, 
dining room, interim, hallway, 
f place. deml-lurrnshM. canter- 
ed. all moarrn appliances 
Odens onto 3 acres of private 
onroefi. Meal tar family Corpo- 
rate tel. t sear plus. £375 o w 
176 CMeneme CrL Tel: Ol 530 
2X96 or 370 3861 No agents. 


Seconds man Hyde Park. Selec- 
tion ol l or 2 benroomed luxury 
flats In elegant period house. 
Newts decorated and furnished 
lo high standard Security, 
parking, company lets ordered 
on short king term. From £360 
pw neg. Oakes Park Estates. Ol 
724 6631. 

ning itefitnoute ui idira mod Wl 
with parking canpmmg Sdbie 
beds. 2 bams, in! creeps, 
huoe LS tai. features, amazmg 
5& a lecrace Avail (urn uni urn. 
C80DPW Must be viewed. 01- 
48o 5741. iTI. 


Highly Prestigim*. lge lux fur- 
lushed flat m quiet res area 2 
bed. 2 rec k A b. Patio ft Gdn. 
Sun Person Seeking Privacy 
£180 pw. TerGl-883 4116 

Wli soaooub isi floor nai. i 
dbfr ttexirm. I tor beOrm. re- 
ception. FF kit. Batnrm. Ca tei. 
£l#Onw. x yr*. Around Town. 
229 99fl6. 

nnure supoum lor short or long 
ieu Large socks, immediate 
dehven. Can Mr Michael 
Ncjrbury John Strand Cun- 
Irani Ud. Tn Ol «85 8616. 
currently seeking good quality 
rental accommodation to 
cmiral London (or waning 
company tenants 01957 9681. 
BOSIZE PARK. Purmshed flat lo 
lei Receh. doubte bedroom. 
Michoi ana oomraom 6 

monins. £110 pw UK. 794 

CMtSCA Best part Luxury. Ori- 
el fully equipped flat 1 recep. 1 
bed. KtB. tnoep CH. Co Long 
Lei. Tri.351 4167 or 
wc etena s 0225 3 1 5586 
HAMPSTEAD. Soper lux etftuflt 
(UL 2 beds, wood panel ted spa- 
nous lounge, new I f knehen 
Cfove to transxKin £175 pw. 
Tel- Ol 431 1265. 

PAVILION RD SW3- Charming 
iw» >l*ve dose SloaneSq Soac 
simra dinmg mi. 2 beds. 2 
baths, Ud- Avail now. tang let. 
L?96 pw Masketls 681 2216 
mews use ra 3 firs 5 beds. 3 
bains, recep. k» duung. age. 
Avail end AgriL & mtns caco 
pu Makkciis: 01 S8i 2216. 
DOCKLANDS. Houses and flats 
llirougnoul the docklands area 
to let nnfktaods Prooerly Cm- 
hr. 01488 4862. 

FRCCHLEY N12 2 bed. lounge, kfi 
and bath C CH Aewly fur- 
isicned £110 dm Tel -405 1 
5965 Drtwven 9 ft 6 Mr Shaer 
brarmv rod lere. CH. newly 
dec. £165 P M-. Co Let prrt. 01- 
7« 8661 

HAMPSTEAD, B> - healh imie tot 
U 4 e. double bedroom, lounge, k 
ft b. en. w mamme garden. 
£15000 PW. Tel Ol-xSS £769 
LUX MODEM House 2 Beds. 
newt} 1 lunushed 10 Mins 
cm Wl Gdn PScng £700 
pem 01 388 5914 Alter 6 pra 
LUXURY mows home Regenb 
Part- 2 dbl bd. 2 recep. CH. 
luHv furnished. 1 year Co let 
£270 p.w Tei- 01-402 639a 
RICHMOND Olaml A large lux 
Hse i detached) Very good de- 
cor All amentteS. £166 pw T*i 
788 4448 Finch's 
•37 MSI The number to Tcmrao- 
D>t when seektug best rental 
properties In cetsbai add prune 
London areas £tSO/£2AOOpw 


In prime London areas. 
Contact Boaeitmry Mcarthco: 



Emeertr avacmc ta iirar ? 
bed fW (I new CDraerton 1 
U6b. I sgie mouth damn 
bnanirHep itn.i.iLicnen Avaf- 
iwmte Concany ie i miy t» 
6 moiO* Okft 

£250 net w*rj i 
fail lris Otte BFWf HU 


QUOMCATt Stunning. Immac- 
ulate 2 bedroom flat with dating 
room, sitting room. Tutty fitted 
UL bath. WC who oan. 
£27Bpw PtiUD Andrews. 01- 
486 5991. 

ST JOHNS WOOD 600 yards 
American School of London. 
Uni uni 3 beds with bull In 
wardrobes 2 baths. 2 receps 
357X15*. LS KJl- Break bar. 
parting. £540pw. 870-2576. 

MTTEBSEA Luxury 2 
Dfdroomed flat near tube and 
BR. during week only Suit oul 
of lown business person. 
£80 OOpw. TS- 105321693965 

P.WAU9 (Managmenl Sere west 
Ltd require properties in central 
south and weal London areas 
tar waning applicants Ol 22J • 

re-luroohed Vtriorun II. D 
and S bedrm. 2 reep. k ft b. ch. 
n < garden, comp let prrf. 
£135 00 Ol 8922776 

ILS. COMPANY reeks turn prop- 
erties in best L [union areas 
CABBAN ft CASE1XE lEstale 
Agents) 01 589 5481 
charming lux * bed lo wnho use. 

2 bath. gdp. «gr. Onls- £290pw 
IOC. 01 «7& 1096 iT» 

W14 BARONS COURT A setec- 
non of cnanmng lulty (ml 
bed apis in mod complex. From 
£I38PW tart Ol -675 1896 iTl. 
ABC APTS - 01-937 «S» Let- 
ting A Managaneoi. Flats ft 
houses Bsaoaote now 
A STEAL! Redec 2 bed. recent, 
phone, gdn. nr Tube £70 pw. 
Others 627 3610 Hunetocaiors. 
BEAUT 3 bed Use. Ktcto pets Ok. 
Recpt. Gge. P»nw CHS pw. 

Others 627 2610 Homdocatorv 
MIS PAHM I bedrm. garden, 
read, parage, phone. £80 pw. 
Others 627 2610HometoC4lora 
CAMONBURY 3 bed home, 9*>- 
CCH. newly decorated. U50 
pw Mo sharers. 2260420. 
CHARMtMC new 2 bed ground 
floor matsonetie. preier to. let 
£690 pem Tel 609 4148 

3 room IUL Non stwrmg 
U 80 p.w. TctOl 946 4896 

CAUN8 A large lox Hjaerti decor 
penihoute flat Vmrnriube Co 
}d CI&pw. 788 4448 rinefi - * 
HAMPCTEAO- Lge 1 tied flat, xuil 
hetatiew. couhle CO Let. £300 
px m Phone 0202 766171 
DAIttY TOBEI 2 Dntrm. ptione. 
CH. recpt. parden. £80 pw . Ofo- 
resioob?? aAiOMomeforaion 

own tUMiTV messy houses. 2 5 
bed. Long Co kt. 954 1163 
LUX SUNNY family fku Dn 
home. 4 rwnK. 2 oalfa 3a 
mine L300 pwo:TO 
LUXURY l ante bedrm nai. TA' 
phone, goo. nr tub*-. £76 pw- 
Omen 627 2610 Homrioailors 
N. LONDON! $twnn s c. OOn 
phone, nr tube. CM h“ Othci-i 
627 2610 Homelocatoix. 

MMUCO. Efapant recep cfak; 
bedrm + smote nednv;. CH. Col 
TV C120pw Ol 03J 9723. 
2UTMET. ? u edroonm* furtushed 
bouse, rwt nj" LI 30 pw. 
Tet- 07373 5782- 

rtmar * «w «« 

tune), ail amemties. eo tei. BOO 
pw. 788 4448 Finch's 
SB 1 dhte bedrm flat nr itfoe. 
CH. [ os pw. Mans oirt-rs 62. 
3610 Homrtocadori un 4 
cut npif bedsit, own UI pnmie. 
„ l2Z bSTmc. £35 pw Out- 
ers 627 »lO Hamnocitor, 
WEST SCDSfTS nr lube, own lfo; 



PresugniH resdence in 
Man'teMne Rd nr Re<ienl> 
Park 5 recent. 5 beds. 2 
baths. 3 WC. hHCMn. 2* hr 

X 16000 pa Inc rales Fix 
lures ft Finings £15.000 
Renewable 20 months he 
Tel: 437-5503 day 
45S 4899 eves 



we have a superb selection 
of personalty inspected fur- 
nished and uniumshed 
properties m marry Wie Best- 
oen&af Ustncts. ran^ng 
from £150 pw to £2X00 pw. 

Tel: 01-486 6926 


avail ft rrqd. (or diplomat*, 
executive* Lono ft short let* id 
all area* UPtrlend ft Co 48 . 
Aioemarle S( to I . Ol -«99 5334 . 

MAYFAIR, Wl Lux S C turn 
flats. I 2 betii ms Lg recep*. 
i ulbi equipped from Cl 75pw. 
Short long lets Ol 629 254p. 

lilt Lid td Farmnot#* tv Sea. 
FVareiuu countrvuoe. Log 
Fire. Steep* - Weekend Breaks 
Also Avail. TgL 01-485^976 


Contra wd or bt \1 page 






Accommodation available at the 


From 10th May ’86 

Telephone: 01-583 8433 
ask for JOHN HARVEY 

★ ★SAVE SEE'S ★★ 
★★1ST CLASS** 

* siat* 

*• KSWT 

* HXKJ*0 

* FU 






* t wears 


* * ifijnnc + 

* * MBW * 

* * ADEUOE # 

* ■* s anca * 


* * P KORESBr *■ 

* * TOKVO * 

*■ * UMU w 

* * ENTRAIN * 

* * MH» * 

* * m * 

* * WNCOlMR * 

* * HAH # 

* *S WWSCO * 

* USA * USA * USA nfifl * 

im mo Hi D immiEsro my 
59 Sbb A SI 





CRETE 1139. HBIIRU 113 
ALfiARVE 1135. CORFU «T7 
TBtfBM C«7. RHODES 1149 
MS 1139. TOROS 1132 

Varas Heps Itey nt inHa/V ix 
hotel atom. (As ftgM tarn 

Gatw*A Mwun gar isiAf sooos/ 
and) oq» da* Rbv and Btuwgh- 
Qri tt* sima Bradtfes tfa 
hrsE/iuan uoomgs 

MM P I -251 54SS 
■ AKMST BI BS1-SM 5833 
SHBROO 0742 3311*8 


LOW prices ■ desa nations 
avaiMMr of wn* of 5 May. 
TUn KET • K uoadasL Bod run. 
t RI U - Samos. Kos 

Rhodes. SkUthas. Lr4\OS. 


(0323) 771266/778344 





01-688 2255 

(Eard 1970) 






jo Buna 










El 92 







01-370 6237 


Kntfe return 
JoHurg. Har £300 £466 

Nairobi £220 £325 

ro £130 £200 

Lagos £235 £335 

Del Bore £230 £ 3*0 

Bangkok £195 £330 

Douala £420 

Afro Asian Travel Lid 

162 168 Regent St W I. 
TEL: 01-457 tZS5/S/7/8 

TUB OH ntqMs.hob 
be Europe. LISA 6 most destina- 
tions DtfUXnM TIMM'. 05 -730 
2201. AST A 1ATA ATOL. 

Jamaica N. York. Toronto. 
Africa. India. Far East 01-737 
2162-0669 ABTA 

■**J7A**Edrope -woridvMde 
OR Edge Travel ABTA Rom 
A ngle 01-839 6035. 

cheapest nans w/wbc - 

Benz Travel, tm ot 3BS 6414. 


Bing HTT 01-930 2456. 

MumarhM 01-930 1366. 

I WI . AC A. FARO. L0WC9 fares. 
01 735 8191 A tot 1893. 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled lOgltts 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

USA I rrare £99. Major said. Ol 
485 9237. IATA 

O. - £395 rln £646 Auckland 
o w £420 nn £774. jotHirg 

0 w £2*4 rtn £470. Los Ange- 
ireo w£tr7rtn£336 London 
nnm Oram- 01 370 6352 

New York £249. LA £379. To- 
ronto £219 J-burq £419. 
Narrow £309 Sydney £639 
Auckland £749 Danatr 130 
Jermyn Street Ol 839 7144 

1 CALL For vmt of the best 
on fib. \iUan apM. Mb and rar 
Ml*. Tel London Ol 636 5000 
Manclteocr 061 832 2000. AIT 
Travel khmy Bureau. 

LATM AMMCA. Low co«t 
numb f* Bio £495. Lima 
X.*7B rtn. Abo Small Group 
Hobday Journeys. JLA Ol 747- 

low fanes mnmne • 

USA. S America. Mid and Far 
Ead. S Africa. T raw We, 48 
Maneret street, wi 01 ago 
2928 <V ba Accepted* 

N/TORM Miami LA. Oiani 
fares on major U-S. scheduled 
rarMerv Abo traibananbc 
UUi tHiA fltgbls in Canada, ot 
384 7 371 A BTA. 

WWW WORLD £796 «cm. Glut 
fr £1599. Finl fr £2036. Syd- 
ney fr £659 mi Cniumpus. 
Cullers Gardens. 10 Devonshire 
Sauare. ECS 01 929 42S1. 

TURKEY cate araUaulUly hob- 
days 6. 13. 20 May. tram £219. 
Cad Turkish DeOgm Holloa yy 
now. an Ol 891 6469 <24 nrst 
AMI 2047 

CAWAnA - autmited ftylmj 
throughout Canada on Pactftr 
Westem Airlines. 1 wk £95. 5 
wke £196. Bmg oi 394 0747 . 

RSCeUMTS is* /Economy tick 
eta Try us last. FUGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 

MAT BARGAINS fr> Turk or 
Beorti Hom from £199 uxHB 
6 (Me w tpMtL Hot Turkey. 

01 326 1006 

Worldwide di m ed fares 
RKMnond Travel. 1 Duke St 
Rlctimond ABTA Ol 940 4073. 

low cost fpqfil experts: Europe 
* W-wtde. fre e dom Holidays 
01-741 4686 ATOL 432 IATA 

Flights from most UK airports. 
Many Ur special offer* Faldor 
Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 

Tuni s i a For that per f ect rwBday 
with sunny days A carefree ns 
MeH Serurg- Summer Tunisian 
Travel. 01-373 4411. 

TURKEY mpm only to Dataimm 
6.19 4 20 May t A 2 whs fr 
£159. Tnrtcbh DeHght Holidays 
Ol 891 6449 AMI 2047 
All***. NJL. South Africa. 
L'S A Kang Kooo. Brel Fares 
01 493 7775 AST A. 

OHECR. CANA Rifs town, 
fares. _oa» BWu Travel. Ol 
738 8191. Atot 1893 
SYD/MEL £618 Perth C546 All 


"ss.SfSf73^rav A ' rom 


WMiMM low cod Ugte 
The best -Mnm prove A 
170 BOO dtout* met W78 

B i , ■ 

F 1 r > (. i^E 

1 rtTTTP'i^ra!® 

r ,J | 





■ el '■ 


(r i'|i , 1 : 

1 f 'll 

K ij: ;! , 

B - m 

1 / j- ^ J 

V AYlhV’ : ' 


funsritr* Hcoeai ■ss MOD 
UM> HU ei ttl ttft 
Ib/EUkv Cass O' SB J*“ 
Emsm U— IBMH8 


H a? 

as, a as 

. _ M7B 

n t«iF nn 




cos Pwm 




gt J siHav SL Laura WI 
01-439 2100/43 7 0537 

AMhMi E400 (Juba £370 

Fieemm £400 teanod £180 

Lagos £340 Jedoah E-MO 

Morrows l ML karxb £270 

Airnnai £260 KutrBn E445 

BanKok £350 Kuwait £350 

Bom /Del E335 NYort £260 

Cara CM Seoul £750 

Counm £430 Syo/NU EG»5 

Damascus CTO To*yo E57D 


z dbmw sraar. umdoh wi 

let 81-439 3521 



Palma 9/5 fr £ 71 

Faro 13/5 fr £ 85 

Malaga 10/5 fr £ 98 

Crete 6/S fr £103 

Most other European 
destinations - Ring now 
01-723 6964 



Nairobi. Jo'Bmg. Care. 
Outre Istanbul. Singapore 
K-L Ddhi. Bangkok. Koog 
Kong. Sydney, Europe. & The 
Americas. Flamingo Travel 3 
New Quebec Sl Marble An* 
London WIH TDD. 

01-402 9217/18/1 9 

Open Saturday IQ.OO-13JOO 


TURKEY 12 berth 
crewed motor yacht. June 5- 17 
CASS Inc fit*. H B. W/Spom. 
01 737 3861. Ol 326 1005. 
A lot 2091. 


TAKE TIME OFF ro Parts. Am- 
sterdam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. DuMItt. Rouen. Bou- 
logne « Dieppe Tone OH. 2a. 
Chester Close. London. SW1X 
TBQ 01-236 8070. 

SAT 3 MAY Dep. Tun feta. 2 
weeks h board. Sob rm, sea 
View. El 75 Tel: Ol 274-5457. 
ton A llan Travel. ABTA 24861. 
CYPRUS May /June 1 or 2 wte. 
Holds/ Apts Scheduled fits Pan 
World Holiday* 01-730 2662. 



Athens 5/5 -£S9 
fan 4/5 —£59 
Rhodes 7/5 -169 

For ooMtoodctiM odd £15 

per persM per week 

01-828 7682 





SCHOOL HOLRMTB 6 most sum- 
mer available 2 charming villas 
wun pooh in Majorca, i nr M- 
ma steeps 7. 1 in country sleeps 
6 from £200 pw 01-7301548 



BRffTAMY - ST. MAKLO. Apt for 
2 ui listed building. ISO yds su- 
perb beam, aim sHuatum. 
clone shops 6 rreMurants 
Available an dales from £80 
wkly rental. >OT93i 770S19. 

Cottages at the sea. some wun 
pools Irom ClOOp w. 0225557 
477 S3S 761 



18 May t wk Cl 69 beautiful 

i uia ex Gatwtck Pan World 
Holidays Ol 734 2562 

GREECE. Unspom Maixb. cheap 
ntonb. villa ran tab etc 7eu&Hol 
•days 01-434 1647. Alai Ana- 
RHOOES May Baqaim from 
£129pp me. Tel Sirama 0706 


The Paxos 

An Idyllic, la idly owned hotel 
on B small, unspoiled Gisek 
bland in a magical setting of 

ottvc gnwes sloping do*n to 


turquobe sea IT you hare not 
nod ume to explore the wodd 
tor the pertrci paoce try Paxos 
- II s a unique experience. 

•^kmg 1906 (he year you oof 
the holiday rrghl. and ash lor 

our brochure, including villas, 
also on Corfu and Crete 
SHTssTCi. CV Travel (T) 

— T. Pam Departmaai 

43 Cadogon She 

L«Moo9w3 zpr 
01-581 0851 

(S89 0I32 - 24 bej 

551 5 brochure service) 


END. indulge tomni koo 
deserve rt. A vreekepd in Yen- 
Re. Florence, or Rome Eat 
wen. drink weU. shop w«u im 
Iotqm about England's depress, 
mg weather- Of combine a city 
weekend wMti a week by the 
sea. Free brochure from Mage 
ol Italy. Oew ST. *7 S hephe rd* 
bush Green. W12 BPS Tel: Ol 
749 7449 1 3d hr* service) 

L . .... 

Law Report May 2 1986 House of Lords 

Appeals on rates relief refusal 

Norwich City Council y Inves- 
tors in Industry Commercial 
Properties Ltd 

Before Lord Keith of Kinfcel. 
Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, 
Lord Templeman. Lord Grif- 
fiths and Lord Oliver of 
I A yl merlon 
! [Speeches sold May 1J 

An appeal lay to the crown 
court irom the dismissal by a 
rating authority of an applica- 
tion under paragraph 3A of 
Schedule 1 to the General Rate 
Act 1967 (introduced by section 
15(5) of the Local Government 
I Act 1974) for the reduction or 
i remission of rates payable in 
I respect of unoccupied property 
on the ground of hardship. 

I The House of Lords dis- 
missed an appeal by Norwich 
| City Council from the Court of 

hereditament ... if they con- 
sider that the payment would 
cause hardship to the person 
liable for those rates.” 

Mr Raymond Sears. QC and 
Mr Mark Lowe for the council: 
Mr William Glover, QC and Mr 
Matthew Horton for the com- 

LORD OLIVER said that 
section 17 of the 1967 An 
together with Schedule 1 en- 
abled a rating authority to 
charge rates on unoccupied 

It had b 

! Appeal (Sir John Donaldson. 
Master oft 

ftbe Rolls. Lord Justice 
Parker and Lord Justice 
Balcombe) {The Times August 
5. 1985: [I9S6] QB 17) dismiss- 
ing the council's appeal from Mr 
Justice Hodgson on May 16, 
1984, who ordered that the 

decision of Judge May Ian. QC, 
in Norwich Crown Court on 

November 15. 1982, that that 
1 court had no jurisdiction to 
entertain the appeal of a com- 
pany. Investors in Industry 
Commercial Properties Ltd. un- 
der section 7 of the 1967 Act be 
set aside. 

Section 7 of the 1967 Act 
provides: "(l)-.. any person 

who (cl is aggrieved by any 

neglect, act or thing done or 
omitted by the rating authority, 
may appeal [to the crown 
court] . . .** 

Section 53 provides: “A rating 
authority shall have power to 
reduce or remit the payment of 
(any rate on account of the 
poverty of any person liable to 
pay it-" 

Paragraph 3A of Schedule 1 
provides: "Without prejudice to 
I section 53 of this Acl a rating 
! authority shall have power to 
reduce or remit the payment of 
any rates payable is respect of a 

been realized that there 
might be circumstances m 
which liability to pay rates on an 
unoccupied property would cre- 
ate hardship for the owner, and 
accordingly section 15(5) of the 
1974 Act had introduced para- 
graph 3A into Schedule 1. 

The similarity between the 
provisions of paragraph 3A and 
those of section 53 needed no 
underlining, and the question 
on the appeal was equally 
applicable to the exercise or 
non-exercise of the power in 
section 53. and. indeed, to any 
Other discretionary power for 
which no other method of 
appeal was specifically provided 
in the Act. 

The point was, therefore, of 
considerable importance to rat- 
ing authorities. 

The appellant company 
owned an office block in Nor- 
wich completed in 1976 and 
since completion either wholly 
or partially unoccupied. 

A resolution under section 1 7 
applying Schedule 1 to its area 
had been passed by the council 
in 1970. The company bad thus 
become liable for rates on the 
unoccupied p rope rt y, which 
were substantial, the total 
amount involved being some 

The point raised was a short 
point of construction of section 
7(lXc). On the free of it, the 
words of section 7(lXc) were in 
the widest terms and permitted 
an appeal to the crown court in 
respect of any matter at all that 

the rating authority, as a rating 
authority, had done or omitted 
lo do. 

The question was simply 
whether, in the context of the 
Act as a whole, or from other 
indicia, including the history of 
the legislation consolidated by 
the 1967 Act. a limitation bad to 
be put on the width of the words 
so as to exclude an appeal 
against the exercise or non-; 
exercise by the rating authority 
of discretionary powers con- 
ferred on it in the administra- 
tion of the rating system. 

It was common ground that 
the 1967 Act was a consolidating 
Act not intended to create fresh 
rights of appeal not already 
existing under the prior legisla- 

In common with all three 
members of the Court of Ap- 
peal, his Lordship took the view 
that the legislative history in- 
dicated throughout an intention 
to confer on the inhabitants of 
the area the widest rights of 
appeal in rating matters. 

In a system built up. as our 
rating system had been, by 
legislation passed piecemeal 
over three centuries, his Lord- 
ship found nothing surprising in 
the fret that there was a degree 
of overlap in provisions of 
different statutes. 

He was unimpressed by the 
argument that a restriction had 
to be read into section 7( IXc) in 
the sense suggested because a 
perusal of the Act showed that 
there were other express pro- 
visions regulating appeals that 
might be thought to be un- 
necessary if the paragraph was 
as wide as the company sug- 

Like Lord Justice Balcombe. 
his Lordship accepted that the 
right of appeal to the county 
coun under section 8(4) against 
the service by the rating author- 
ity of a notice that a newly 
erected building had been com- 
pleted might seem anomalous, 
although one could readily see 
that the technical questions 
likely to be raised on such an 

appeal might have been cOusid- 
• ered more suitable for decision 
by a county court judge than fry 
quarter sessions. 

His Lordship found nothing 
in that that persuaded him that 
the very wide words in which 
section 7(1 Xc) was expressed 
bad to be restricted in the way- 

Finally, like the Court of 
Appeal- be found nothing in the 
point that the crown court was 
not an appropriate tribunal for 
hearing appeals against a taring 
authority s administrative de- 

He could readily see that a 
rehearing in a crown court by a 
judge and two or more mag- 
istrates of the rating authority’s 
decision, taken in the light of all 
the local facto re that the rating 
authority was likely to be in the 
best position to assess, was 
something that might be at- 
tended by a good deal of delay 
and administrative inconve- 
nience if such appeals came to 
be regularly pursued. 

Nevertheless, from the earii- 
.est times the legislation had 
conferred on ratepayers the very 
widest rights of appeal that 
Parliament, in enacting the 
consolidating legislation, had 
not thought fit to confine or 
restrict except to the extent 
expressly mentioned. 

The imposition of further 
restriction was a matter for 
Parliament It could not prop- 
erty be introduced for the first 
time in centuries by the process 
of placing, artificially, a limited 
construction on the very wide 
words that the legislature had 
chosen deliberately to employ- 

His Lordship could find no 
context from which such a 
limiting construction could 
property be inferred, and he 
would dismiss the appeal. 

Lord Keith, Lord Brandon, 
Lord Templeman and Lord 
Griffiths agreed. 

Solicitors: Sharpe, Pritchard 
& Co for Mr Colin S. Brown, 
Norwich; Hum & Hunt Rom- 

Coa ches prepare for match of season 

Putting friendship 
in cold storage 

Roger Min ward RsdMakohn 
Reilly and ft* “d 

families are dose frrends. and 
often go out together 
drink and a meal. They tire 
three mfles apart, near Leeds, 
and have forged a bend off 
friendship which was 
meoted when Roger, as half 
back, and Malcolm, as back row 
formed, were part off Great 
Britain's triemphant 
I wing team in Australia in 1970. 
Their careers hare continued to 
flourish side by side, first as 
player-coaches, then ^coaches. 

On Saturday that Mendshrp 
will be forgotten, or at least wlU 
be pat into cold storage forlw 
minutes. Mill ward and ReiBy 
will sit on opposite sides off the 
famous Wembley compare no- 
way as Hull Kingston Rovers 
and Cflstiefbrd battle it oat m 
the 1986 Silk Cot Challenge 
! Cnp fired. Roger tbeDo^fis 
coaching Rovers, ot retl-wot 
favourites to win the cup despite 
the fact that broken arms have 
taken out Chris Barton and Ph3 
Hogan, their second row for- 
wards. Big Mai coaches home- 
spun Cas, who return Co 
Wembley for the first time since 
Reilly played in their mateb- 
wuming side of 1970. 

Rovers have picked up a lot Ot 
silverware in the 1980s, includ- 
ing two Championships in a row, 
the Challenge Cnp in 1980 and 
the John Player Trophy. 
Castleford have reached three 
Challenge Cup semi-finals and 
two Yorkshire Cup finals. Al- 
though they won the Yorkshire 
Cup in 1982, on the other 


Keith Mackfin 

occasions t hey have been left as 
runners-up. This year came tire 

runners-up. mo you »*«»• “f 
big breakthrough forCasdeford, 
as they broke their semi-final 
hoodoo against Oldham. 

Rovers wiD have some psycho- 
logical advantage from the fact 
that they beat Cas in this 
season's Yorkshire Cup final, 
and there is no doubt that 

outside the mining belt around 
Castleford and Featherstone 
everyone expects the Robins 
from east off the Stiver Hull to 
carry off the tzopby- 

However. Roger Mfibrard fcs 
too experienced a bred to suffer 
from complacency, particularly 
since the toss of a complete 
second row in Burton and Hagan 
is a severe blow. He will he the 
last to underestimate CastJefbrd. 
a dob and area he knows well, 
and is quick to point oat what 
happened to the expensive and 
star-studded Hufl team against 
another home-town club, 
Featherstone Rovers, at Wem- 
bley- -Cup finals take no ac- 
count of form," says Roger. “It’s 
what happens oo the day that 
matters and we will be preparing 
hard and going fiat out for the 
most important match off the 
season. We hare three good 
forwards competing for the sec- 
ond row places in Andy Kelly. , 
Des Harrison and young Paul 
Speckman, and whoever comes 
in vis fit into war team plan.” 

Mai Reilly, who has no seri- 
ous injury problems to cloud his 
preparations, says: “We were 
underdogs a gai ns t Wigan, yet 
we went to Central Park and 
beat them condttstvely. We hare 
pace in the backs and power in 
the forwards, and when we get 
oar game right we fear no one.'* 

Roger MiBwani and Malcolm 
Reilly will have Stile or nothing 
to say to each other between 3 
o'clock and 430 on Saturday, 
hot yon can bet that once the 
dost has settled on another 
Wembley occas i on the two fam- 
ilies from West Yorkshire will 
be as dose as before. 

Assignee of debt can 
become petitioner 

Tax inspectors have 
wide powers 


Perak Pioneer Ltd and Anoth- 
er r Petrofiam Nasranal Bhd 

The court had jurisdiction to 
permit an assignee of a debt, 
upon which a winding-up was 
based, to be substituted as 
petitioner even if the assign- 
ment had taken place after the 
presentation of the petition. 

The Judicial Committee of 
the Privy Council (Lord Bridge 
of Harwich. Lord Brightman. 
Lord Mackay of Clashfern. Lord 
Ackner and Lord Goff of 
Chieveley) so held on May I on 
dismissing appeals by the appel- 
lant companies. Perak Pioneer 
Ltd and Piessey Investments 

that the court would not permit 
an assignee to be substituted as 
petitioner if the assignment was 
after the presentation of the 
petition was largely founded 
upon the decision of the English 

Court of Appeal in In re Paris 
Skating Rink Co (I 

Ltd. from the judgment of the 
Court of Appeal of Hong Kong 

959) which had not been the 
subject matter of any reported 
judicial decision or comment in 
England during the century or so 
that had elapsed since it was 

In the opinion of their Lord- 
ships. that case was merely an 
example of the court's declining 
to exercise its discretionary 
jurisdiction to order the winding 

whereby the companies' appeals 
against orders made in the High 
Court of Hong Kong ordering 
: the respondent. Petroiiam 
Nasional Bhd, to be substituted 
I as petitioner for the winding up 
of the companies were dis- 
] missed. 

up of a company on the petition 
or r 

' a creditor who had acquired 
that status for some ulterior 
motive during the pendency of 

the proceedings. 
The case v 

[ that the companies' contention 

r was not an authority 
dial the coun was required to 
exercise its discretion adversely 
to a petitioning creditor whose 
status as such was acquired by 
assignment after the presenta- 
tion of the petition. 

Illegal mushrooms 



y CtmUffe (Kenneth 

A collection of dried psilocy- 
bin mushrooms, found in a 
wooden casket in the appellant's 
flat, was property to be de- 
j scribed as a “preparation or 
I other product containing 
psilocybin an ester of pstlodn 
within the meaning of para- 
[ graph 1(5) of Schedule 2 to the 
Misuse of Drugs Act 1971, so 
| that the mushrooms were a 
| Cass A controlled drug within 
that Schedule and, accordingly, 
l were in the appellant's pos- 
session contrary to section 5(2) 

I of the Acl 

The Court of Appeal. Crim- 
inal Division (Lord Justice Wat- 
! kins, Mr Justice Tudor Evans 
and Mr Justice Turner), so held 
when it dismissed the appeal of 
Kenneth John CunJiffe against 
I his conviction on September 25. 

1985. at Barnstaple Crown 
Court (Judge Willcock, QC and 

jury) on a count alleging an 
iffence contrary to section 5(2). 

giving the judgment of the court. 

said that m R v Stevens ([1981] 
Crim LR 568) the Court of 

Appeal said that “preparation'' 
was not defined in the Act and 
had to be given its ordinary and 
natural meaning, and, although 
in that case the mushrooms 
were in powder form, the ratio 
there applied to the (Resent case. 

Accordingly, it was open to a 
jury, rf it was satisfied on the 
facts, to conclude that the 
appellant had subjected the 
picked mushrooms to a process 
of drying that involved an act of 
preparation for future use. 
There was no error of law by the 
trial judge in his ruling and 
direction to the jury. 

Monarch Assurance Co Ltd v 
Income Tax Special Commis- 
sioners and Others 
Before Mr Justice Hoffmann 
[Judgment given April 24] 

Tax inspectors had wide pow- 
ers under section 20 of the Taxes 
Management Act 1970 (as sub- 
stituted by Schedule 6 to the 
finance Act 1976) to obtain 
documentary information 
regarding the affairs of a tax- 

If such information con- 
cerned income, profits or gains 
derived from any business car- 
ried on by a taxpayer then any 
company bad to produce docu- 
ments to an inspector providing 
some economic nexus existed 
between the assets comprising 
any such business and the 
alleged income, profits or gains. 

Mr Justice Hoffmann so held 
in dismissing an appeal by 
Monarch Assurance Co Ltd 
against an anuund of nominal 
penalties imposed on it by a 
special commissioner fra its 
failure to comply with two 
notices served on it by a tax 
inspector requiring it to produce 
certain documents. 

Mr Michael Ashe fra Mon- 
arch Assurance; Mr Alan Moses 
for the Crown. 

said that an inspector was 
investigating a scheme under 
which some employees of 
Carhon Industries Lid were 
granted options to buy shares in 
that company. 

In 1979 Monarch was party to 
transactions whereby some of 
the options were exchanged for 
options to buy shares in Isle of 
Man companies. 

The inspector considered that 
documents in the possession of 
Monarch might show that in 
addition to the exchange (to 
which prima facie “roll-over" 
relief applied) assignments fra. 
valuegiving rise to taxable gains 
had occurred- 

Section 20(4) empowered the 
inspector to serve notice on any 

company to produce documents 
in so far as his inquiries related 
to a taxpayer's liabilities “in 
respect of income; profits or 

rains derived from any 


The issue was whether the 
alleged gains were or might have 
been “derived from” the busi- 
ness of Carhon. 

Fra Monarch it was said not: 
the alleged gains received by the 
employees came from the third 
parity to whom the options were 
assigned: the assets of Carlton 
were not, it was said, the source 
of any such gains. 

The provision required the 
gains to have been derived from 
“any business carried on by the 
taxpayer" and that was some- 
thing, different from the com- 
pany owning the business. 

The business was a collection 
of assets and for section 20(4) to 
apply there had to be an 
economic nexus between those 
assets and the alleged g ai n s. 

However any gains realized 
by dealing in the assets of the 
business, or in securities deriv- 
ing their value from that of the 
business, could all be said to be 
"derived from” that business. 

The provision contemplated 
that an inspector might need 
information about the tax liabil- 
ities of persons conducting busi- 
nesses. For that purpose be 
could obtain information from 
persons conducting other busi- 




By Paul Harrison 

There was no rational reason 
for restricting that power to 
cases in which the tax liability 
arose from receipt of assets 
which belonged to the business 
and excluding it wben it arose 
from dealings with those assets, 
or securities based on them, 
which resulted in a receipt from 
someone else. 

The notices were within the 
inspector’s powers and the ap- 
peal was dismissed. 

Solicitors: Waltons & Morse 
fra T P D Taylor, Mobberiey; 
Solicitor of Inland Revenue. 

Appealing from justices over arrears 

Berry v Berry 

Before Lord Justice May, Lord 
Justice Ralph Gibson and Sir 
David Cairns 
[Judgment given April 25] 

There was no right of appeal 
to the High Court for a decision 
of justices on an application to 
remit arrears of maintenance. 

1 other than by case stated under 
i section 111 of the Magistrates' 
Court Act 1980. which lay only 
where it was alleged that the 
justices had erred in law or had 
acted without or in excess of 

The Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment, dismiss- 
ing an appeal by the husband, 
Mr Raymond Berry, from a 
decision of the Divisional Court 
of the Family Division (Sir John 
Arnold. President. Mr Justice 
Bush; Mis Justice Booth 
1 dissenting), which on January 
20 had di missed his appeal from 
a refusal of the Barnstaple 
1 Justices to remit arrears of 
maintenance which be had been 
ordered to pay to his former 
wife. Mrs Josephine Berry. 

The Divisional Court had 
held that no appeal lay to the 
High Court under either section 
4(7) of the Maintenance Orders 
Acl 1958 or section 29( 1 ) of the 
Domestic Proceedings and 
Magistrates' Court Act 1978 
from a decision ofjustices on an 
application to remit arrears. 

Mr Geoffrey C. Brown for the 
husband; the wife did not 
appear and was not represented. 

Section 95 of the 1980 Act 
gave justices power, on the 
bearing of a complaint for. inter 
alia, enforcement or variation 
of a maintenance order to remit 
the whole or pan of sums due 
under the order. 

No complaint for remission 
simpliciier could be made, the 
power was merely ancillary to 
applications to which section 95 
referred, and no specific right of 
appeal was provided in respect 
of remission in any of the 

Section 4(7) of the 1958 Act 
and 29(1) of the 1978 Act 
conferred rights of appeal to the 
High Court m respect of applica- 
tions for the variation of 
maintenance orders. 

The question whether they 

operated to confer such a right 
in respect of applications for 

that the justices had had before 
them three complaints: one by 
the wife for enforcement of 
arrears of maintenance due 
under an order made under Part 
1 of the 1 978 Act another by the 
wife for enforcement of such 
arrears due under a county court 
order registered in the 
magistrates court under sec- 
tions I and 2 of the 1958 Acl 
and the other by the husband for 
variation of the county court 

remission of arrears had been 
considered in Mills v Mills 
((1982) 12 Fam Law 174). Allen 
v Allen (The Times June 29. 
1984: (1985) Fam 17) and 
Fletcher v Fletcher f The Times 
January 25. 1985; 119851 Fam 

In the instant case the major- 
ity in the Divisional Court held 
that it was bound by Fletcher to 
hold that no right of appeal in 
respect of arrears arose under 
section 29(1) of the 1978 Acu 
that an appeal under section 
4(7) could arise only if a 
decision to remit or to refuse to 
remit arrears could be said to 
constitute a decision to vary or 
to refuse to vary the order under 
which they arose, which it 
plainly could mn. and that in 
any event the application for 
remission of arrears was more 
intimately connected with the 
complaints for enforcement (for 

appeal by case stated on a point 
of law or jurisdiction under 
section 111(1) of the 1980 Act, 
but had argued that where 
justices did have a complaint for 
variation of the original order 
before them, the “occasion" on 
which they exercised, or noL 
their remission powers was one 
within the words of section 4(7) 
of the 1958 Acl 
F urther, he had contended, 
even if remission or refiisai to 
remit did not amount to vari- 
ation or refusal to vary per se, it 
was incidental to or consequen- 
tial upon it: therefore by section 
29(2) or the 1978 Act an 
appellate court was entitled to 
order remission of arrears wben 
an appeal was property before h, 
and an order relating to re- 
mission should be considered to 
be within section 29(1) and the 
provisions of section 4(7) of the 
1958 Act should be considered 

That however, could not 
affect the question of the 
construction of section 4(7) of 
the 2958 Act and section 29(1) 
of the 1978 Acl regarding which 
he agreed with the view ex- 
pressed by the Divisional Court. 

All that section 95 of the 1980 
Act was intended to achieve was 
to give justices power in their 
discretion to alleviate a paying 
party’s situation in certain 

One of the leading tour- 
naments in Britain has been 
cancelled because of a big drop 
in the number of competing 
teams. The Tachikara tour- 
nament ai Ounsdale High 
School. Wombourn, near 
Wolverhampton, was due to be 
held from May 24 to 25. 

Nick Shaflery, one of the 
organizers, put the Name fra the 
cancellation squarely on the 
teachers' dispute- “We are about 
39 teams down on last year’s 
entrants, when we had about 
120 teams. We have been 
particularly hard hit by the 
absence ofjunior teams and this 
is due to the impact of the 
teachers' dispute. But we hope 
to be back next year.” 

This would have been tbe 
thirteenth Tachikara and tbe 
previous 12 have established it 
as not only an important na- 
tional tournament ran also one 
capable of attracting inter- 
national interest Teams from 
the Netherlands and Kuwait 
were to have taken pm this 

Last yearts event was. how- 
ever. marred by incidents 
involving a gang of youths. A 
black player with Capital City 
Brixton, Demon McKenzie, had 
to have stitches in a facial 
wound after being attacked in a 
public house by a youth, who 
was later imprisoned for the 
assault. Also during the tour- 
namenL a gang of youths heck- 
led the Capital City team from 
the sidelines during one of their 

Capital City left the tour- 
nament early and said they 
would not return. Denton 
McKenzie himself is in no 
doubt the attack was racially 
motivated. Nick Shaffery does 
not think that the drop in the 
number of entries is connected 
to the events of last year. “I 
don't think three-quarters of the 
people taking part even knew 
what had happened," be said. 
“It was a one-off situation and 
the people concerned have been 
rounded up and dealt with." 


Women in 
search of 
an identity 

By Joyce Whitehead 

Britain's women are progress- 
ing in their efforts to get 
sufficient qualifications to be 
considered for the Olympics. 

Their problem is that En- 
gland, Scotland and Ireland are 
separate countries for the World 
Cup in July and. tberefttre. these 
results cannot count for 
Britain's track record. In con- 
trast, aft the other countries are 
units in themselves fix' the 
World Cup and Olympics so do 
not need extra matches. 

Two tournaments wffl give 
Britain the chance to earn an 
Olympic place: a four nations 
event arranged by the United 
States in Trenton, New Jersey, 
between October 29 and 
November 2 to which Britain, 
South.. Korea and Argentina 
have been invited, and a contest 
between eight countries in Edin- 
burgh from Arad 3 to 12 next 

The Federation 

Internationale de Hockey has 
given its consent to the latter 
contest which will involve 
teams from Britain, South Ko- 
rea, Japan. US, New Zealand. 
West Germany, The Nether- 
lands and the Soviet Union. 

If Britain do well in both these 
tournaments they should have 
foe necessary record to be in the 
running for selection for the 

This problem of separate 
identities for the four home 
countries at times seems almost 
insurmountable. Ail of them 
jealously guard their individual 
status and regard the idea of 
playing only as Britain as 
unthinkable, even though foe 
rest of foe world might see this 
as rational. It may one day have 
to become a reality. 

Meanwhile, from today the 
England Under -21 players have 
a trial and training weekend at- 
Lilleshall in preparation for the 
four nations tournament in ~ 
Mulheim, near Dussektorfr 
from June 5 to 8 with f-anarfa : 
and the Netherlands also taking 
part. The England team will be 
announced on Monday. 

■T* * 





An electric line-up 

By John Hemtessy 

in pari materia. 
His I 

That justices considered 
exercising that alleviating power 
when they had before them a 
complaint for variation did not 
as a matter of construction 
render their decision on re- 
mission part of their contem- 
poraneous decision on 

That view was consistent with 
the fact that it was not possible 
to make a complaint seeking 
only remission. 

The already distinguished 
company engaged fra foe Skate 
Electric Ice Gala at Birmingham 
on. May 24 in association with 

Hamilton and the two new 
world solo champions. B rian 
Boitano and Debi Thomas. 

Sport Aid is to be augmented by D Sport Aidjointly launched by 
three leading Soviet Union skat- “fo Geldors Band Aid trust*' 
ers. They are Marina Klimova UniceC comprise a week of 

' ~ ~ mnrtmo — .1 .■ _ ■ *" 

and Sergei Ponomarenko, run- 
ners-up in the Geneva world 
championships in March and 
many observers' choice as next 
year's winners of the ice dance 
title, and Vladimir Kotin, fourth 
in Geneva and an outstanding 
exhibition skater. 

sporting events culminating in a 
.Race Against Time", a 
simultaneous world-wide 10 
kilometres race designed, as are 
foe gala and all other events, to 
raise money fra African relief 
and rehabilitation. 

The i 

which there was no specific right 
with that for 

of appeal) than 

The applicant had conceded 
that where justices had before 
them only a complaint for 
enforcement no appeal on the 
question of remission would lie. 
other than foe general right of 

Lordship agreed with the 
criticisms made in the earlier 
case of the difficulty facing 
potential appellants and of foe 
two different appeal routes 
which an aggrieved party would 
have to use when appealing 
from a decision of justices at a 
hearing at which enforcement, 
variation and remission had 
been sought and considered 

It was high lime that reforms 
to rationalize, simplify or im- 
prove the appellate procedures 
were carried ouu 

A refusal to remit ar re ars 
could be more serious to a 
paying party than a refusal to 
vary, and the scope of appeals in 
repsect of foe former should be 
as wide as for the fatter. 

When the financial situations 
of parties changed, substantial 
arrears could accumulate before 
an application to vary could be 
heard; his Lordship would re- 
serve his opinion on the 
President's holding that re- 
mission was more intimately 
connected with enforcement 
than with variation. 

Fletcher r Fletcher was rightly 
1 Mills 

decided: Allen v Allen and 
r Mills were wrong in law and 
should not be followed. 

uuDiuon sraier. ThAtmta i 

They join a strong, mixed Nicky fife? foe^£^S?wS 
assembly of profesaonals and Karen Barter toTm-WH 
amateurs including Torvill and Dean asiM*;*!, i 2^ rUJ j- 5UK * 
Dean, Robin Cousins. Scon Wit* ice dance 


concurring, said that he could 
see no reason why. where there 
were complaints for both 
enforcement and variation, an 
application for remission should 
be regarded as being [inked with 
one rather than foe others 
There was no justification for 
interpreting the provision for 
appeals in connection with vari- 
ation as carrying an implication 
as to foe way in which an order . j 
granting or reftising remission 
could be challenged. 


7.30 untoss stated " ~ 



SECOND DtVISUN: Hu3 CKy v Brighton 
ana How Muon ^ 

Onmty CMmptoRaMp 

ti.1-0: UCtware i 

FOwrorpiyiaoN: Colchester v Hants- 

jSS fftagigr: 


gtoton: Tooting and Mitcham v 

DuMdi Kamtot v Bognor 



No provision was made fra 
any appeal to the High Court in 
relation to remission, and there- 
fore such decisions could be 
challenged on case stated tinder 
section 1 1 1 of the 1980 but oot- 
otherwise- . 

Lord Justice Ralph Gibson 

Solicitors: Toller OCTWU . & 

Balsdon. B a r nsta p le. 

MULTTPAIrt LEAGUE: Buxton v Marina: 

Alton; Ow^ 

OLD To4fc£JS£ * NortHamptons*** 
I nrn i Lancashire v 

THEOvati Su nuy » Mottfaphiatoe. 
Other matches 

Tewsra . 




r J 




CCNTRAL LEAGUES Fmt cMaton: Aston 
VBto .v Wigan 

division: Doncaster Rovers / 
S*r v 

iMvmtty v 
ttonwaity « 


Srttsh ASA. 


Rows v armingtan City (£0). 



wprid professional 


SSCCWD 0 TVI 8 I 0 N: Ritttam v 






na tty raadt 





IT i 


*• i' 


V-T »'«■* 


•iv %2 ^ri** 

-ivz r 

"*l : 

c-.;»k Ik tv/i- - 

•f* v-. r, ‘ 

-XA! '*!*’ 

rr 4 i H •. ; 

a VU.^t*k 

*• -«rf 

~ *t l-* - 
t, ■■..’••• • 

% -*»V— * V." * P 
*+•■ *■■* ■ '■’ 
i t a tr». * 

? -''m 

LT'- X- "• 
.* ‘ •• ‘ « 

■ -»- • 

14- r ' ’ 

’ tl 

r •» 

?. j.t-. 

5 *67 

TTT* “•■“*'• 

.: i *•:.«•» - 

•- • I. 

v>.- • :• ••' 

* ^ 




i' * 




* v t 


T.’L . 

«* *Wre* irig * 


^ -■ 

* .^4^ 


>%•****' '■• 

r^i . ■ 1 

*>;■* yf 


Tour robs 
Bath of 
eight top 







Draw: Sf-6f, high numbers bast 
Going: good to soft 

_ >1S»w| M,jgPjH) Bfaejr Rfwr. M Caernarvon Boy. 13- 
2 QuaVtairess. 15-2 Baffles Sor. 10-T Swift River. 12-1 Mb 
V tae. 14-1 others. 




By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

rJ*? Anchor, last year's 
gejby winner, is having his 
™ race as a four-year-oki in 
HLpS? 1 Accident Jockey 
Gub Stakes at Newmarket 


oSt2r JOl 7 Wa « r Special I ***»?■ H*’ 

3&5SSA.23 SS ■ — - t5 '- Slev - e - Cau,iKD ’ who 

S4i!^ 8SOn ? 8auist Gloucester 
Tomorrow without the efehi 

fe d ? to »» Italy 56 
England B next week, tt*- r 

tomorrow and 
departs on Monday. 

A Gloucester vioorv at tlw 

5j^JXP rou ^ WW leavl 

unbeaten m the Souih- 

fode a beautifully judged race 
*bis event 12 months ago 
when he made virtually all the 
running on Kirmann. 

American jockeys are 
their timii 


2S? ^ and f 

, Plymouth Albion and 
***. ^vision’s four 
lhe third round of 
next season s cup. Nevertheless, 

g 1 *™? ^ u> field S 



£!£. I ? bIcS , ? ve Northampton 
p25®“ 1 - a P 1 ®** in the John 
Player for the first time. They 

renouned for weir timing as 
Urey have to do so much work 
against the clock in Weir 
homeland. Today our champi- 
on jockey will certainly need 
Jo be on his guard not just 
because he has only two 
opponents, but also Slip An- 
chor has ban going very freely 
u» ms work at home. 

An added factor is that his 
fellow jockeys are now aware 
of _ his trail-bias 
which proved so 

ve in 

oeciirru l. i«vrcu su cuctuve m 

»fi?a £ ssssass ?s-as, 

Which go to Binningham 

and Rugby. 

The gulf between the top four 

as? **• - is 

Moseley. Coventry and Notting^ 
ham — anri 

• and the bottom five, is a 
«d one, considering the tra- 
ditions of such as Bedford and 
Northampton. Nottingham 
should maintain their place as 
runners-up in the John Smith's 
merit table A, even if they lose 
loBnsiol at Beeston tomorrow. 

Since they send a squad to the 
Middlesex Sevens, that is a 
distinct possibility, but it is 
pleasant to reflect upon a system 
ra which all play all, on fixed 
Saturdays, in a logical sequence 
of events which will be the case 
tf the proposed English club 
l championship goes ahead in 

France will take a team 
including five senior inter- 
nationals to Leningrad when 
they play the Soviet Union next 
Thursday. The game had orig- 
inally been scheduled for Kiev, 
though the alteration had hem 
made before the Chernobyl 

Three members of the *«» 
Andrieu, the Nimes centre, 
Picard, Montfenand lock, and 
Orso. the lock from Nice, are 
among the squad of 30 whom 
France will take on tour to 
Argentina. Australia and New 
Zealand between May 28 and 
June 30. 

Bfendv. M Andneu, P Berot £ BotswvtJ, 

P Chadebech, D Chanw. J-B Lafonct P 
Up squg, P SeBa. G Lapona, j -p 
Lascarboura. P Bartsziv. JGaBioii. P-E 
Oetraz. J-P Garuet P Msocco. D 

Ungfield and Newmarket be- 
fore that Indeed, it was 
interesting that Caufhen was 
not given nearly so much rope 
when Slip Anchor eventually 
ran again in the Autumn at 
Kempton and Newmarket, 
and on each occasion he was 
found wanting and beaten into 
second place. 

Today, he must give 51b to 
his two rivals, each of whom 

(2-y-O: £830: 50 (10 runners) 
t MMTQL BOUQUET MSS I Bel frll NtefaleT 

? « SS^'£J WCASTl£JS » i y8-" HFttS 

4 BROOereADOrnONK Stone S?(i —6 

® WIICING BELLE TFarfM3lB.11 TniWi iflll 

n RPBMBtt 

0 MEATH PRMC&S3 S Norton B-1 1 J Lows 3 

4 Mt£MN M Bmsm B-tl KtMnB 

jo S5SgE?.gg? gTwM |rMl M|SS2 

42 SE*TON Grnt T Barron 8-11 SWMCM 4 

£1,034: 1m If 80yd) (16) , 

Bra’S DAUGHTER GRttardsa-U.. 

S WUtWOM 14 






3 MM crag PO UR THE WINE HWhanong-11 OMcMttt 


5 00- GLACIER LASS miUSAlBHlb 8-11 R Fa* S 

S 00- HWa BUD W Bfln0ef 8-fl KDarinl 

7 0 MMH-OMRysiO-11 G Carter m2 

10 MM LADY BffiTEwgymgs 8-11 E Quest p] 11 

11 03- MRS MAWWJwfiG(ra)S Monon 0-11 J Lowe 6 

12 NICE LADY J Wntarg -il AMackay 12 

22 SHADS OF WGMT J Winter fl-l™. AMaSoyl 

- 11-10. SftgUte Of NUt W BOHOn GM. S-1 

Prmcasa, 8-1 Pndeam. i2-i Bnson'e Addtton. 16-1 

Carlisle selections 

Bj Mandarin 

13 000- NORTHERN MEETWS l B^Ortg 9-11 JttarsMs&3 

14 »- PUmift^EIncw^l? II Bncraft < 

17 008- STAR OF TARA RFMr 8-11 S KrigMaf 7 

19 000- T1EATRE d Mone 8-11 DCttmTOIfi 

» oo- town OF ENNIS Ron Thompson B-11 ... RPBAat is 
21 004 2aLAHWkTFWSjS8-11 CCoMM {5] 8 

9-4 Northern Meeting. 11-4 Giaper Less, 9-2 'Armour Of 
L#*. fr-i Lac^BriLfrJ 2flBtenQa. ID-1 Nice UCy, »2-1 Mrs 

Manwering, 16-1 others. 

2.15 Shades Of NfghL i45 Chummy's Pet. 3.15 
' ‘ 4.15 Be 

Jegant BilL 

Sievejan. 3.4S Glacier Lass. 

4.45 Mubaaris. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Shades Of NighL 2.45 Chummy’s Pet. 3.45 
Nice Lady. 4.15 I earn. 4.45 Say Something. 
Michael Seely's selection: 4.15 Elegant BilL 

4.15 SCAFELL HANDICAP (3-y-o: El .791: 1m If 
80yd) (10) ^ 

5 3M BOCXALLJWUSA3 S Norton 9-7 J Lowe 8 

fi 0M G G MAffiCD Mofey 9-7 MfiMi3 

T 01-0 iMflOffiRNCatoranM JMatHaal 

ia oo-i santelbowiSTs wison B-2 J0dnei6 

13 001- G&EEKHU.'S CM. M Ryan 3-12 Q Carter (3) S 

14 -010 ELEGANT BAX T Fairlajist 8-10 IIBncnR7 

15 0-04 DEARHAM BRIDGE DMOflaO 84 —9 

. "o > A 

■ . ■ s. V ’■ * .* . . ■ . 

C*?A tf* ? '■'*' - ' 





. .. ... . M MBbdiS 

3 30-0 THE STRAY BUUETTfBJB McMahon 90 JHffs«4 

4 -300 TOUCH IffiWJTRHotfcKhBailM SPartiS 


9-11 KHadgnalS 

6 D- MAYBE JANE AW Jims 8-11 cCrarl 

7 0-00 MSTRES8 CHARLEY PIS Norton 9-11 — J Lowe 9 

B M0 PUNCLE CREAK (S) G Moon B-11 S Wood (7) 12 

9 043 SAMXtON (B) K Brassy 9-10 SWl«worto6 

0 M CHAUTAUQUA P HaMarn 9-8 TWNaralO 

000 BANTEL BAN2AI Ms I Bed 80 J Chino (51 7 


17 (M0 VAN DER PUP Mgs Z Green 8-7 SKstafetoylO 

18 800- BOLD ANSWER W Bendey 87 KCMyt 

Icarp, M Bantel Bowler. 7-1 


12-1 G Q Magic. 14-1 others. 

12 000- KAVaLYHOOreR Denys 
14 004) SAMBA LASST Barron 96 

Smith 88 _ D 



94 Chtxnmy's PeL 3-1 Ssndron. 4-1 CMutauqua. 15-2 
UJtoby Blues. 9-1 Punde CreaK, 10-1 Heavenly Hooter, 12-1 
Touch Me Not. 14-1 otnere- 

SKp Anchor, who has only two rivals for today's Jockey Club Stakes 

have had a run this Spring and 
of makii 

both are capable of making 
admirers of Slip Anchor 
sweat, Phardante, ifhe were to 
ran as well as he did in the St 
Leger at Doncaster where he 
was beaten only threequarters 

the Coral Newmarket Stakes. 
This is the Shirley Heights colt 
that Henry Cecil has been 
speaking well of for some 
vriiile now. Out of a tough 
mare who won 12 times In 
Italy, Verd-Antique is thought 
to be a cut above average and, 
perhaps, even a group one 
horse in the making. 

of a length by~Oh So Sharp; 
die -Wave, i 

Seismic Wave, if he were to 
reproduce his form oflast July 
when be ran the redoubtable 
Strawberry Road to a neck in 
the Grand Prix de Saint- 

While neither cut much ice 
first tune out this season it is 
only fair to expect them to 
have come on with the race. 
Yet taken overall it will be 
disappointing if Sip Anchor is 

Earlier in the day Cautben 
will be on his younger stable 
companion Verd-Anrique in 

Results page 30 

Bui Verd-Anlique is not the 
only decent maiden in the 
field. Hawarden finished a 
highly creditable fourth be- 
hind Armada in foe Wood 
Ditton Stakes while Hello 
Ernani so nearly won the 
Italian 2,000 Guineas in a 
blanket finish. 

Walter Swinburn is another 
jockey with doubly good pros- 
pects this afternoon. He can 
by winning the EBF 
libra ham Maiden Stakes on 
Naturally Fresh, who looked 

so desperately unlucky not to 
win first time out here during 
the Craven meeting. 

Later Swinburn will be on 
Kabiyla in the Charles 
Heidsieck Champagne Handi- 
cap. Here foe handi capper 
might have erred in giving her 
so little weight Admittedly, he 
had only her solitary victory at 
Leicester last Autumn to work 
on, but he did not have much 
more evidence on which to 
base bis assessment of Some- 
thing Casual, Twice Bold and 
Dancing Eagle and they have 
all been set to give my 
selection weight 
Ray Cochrane can sustain 
his excellent start to foe 
season by winning foe Arling- 
ton Stakes on Mister Majes- 
tic, who already has a 
commendable performance 
over foe course and distance 
to his credit 

Later in the day Cochrane 
will be reunited with his old 
friend Luna Bid in foe Ely 

Handicap. But following that 
bitterly disappointing perfor- 
mance in foe Free Handicap I 
much prefer Major Jacko, 
who finished with such gusto 
to win a similar race during 
ibe Craven meeting. 

Meanwhile Richard 
Hannon’s imposing looking 
coll has blatemly failed to last 
seven furlongs on bad ground 
at Epsom. Now that be is 
running again over what 1 
regard as his right trip he is 
napped to confirm his earlier 
Newmarket running with Oh 
Boyar and also beat Man ion 
Dan into foe bargain. 

Finally, I can pass on a tip 
that foe fitting of blinkers on 
Glacier Lass is expected to 
have the desired effect in foe 
Bow Fell Maiden Fillies 
Stakes at Carlisle although I 
note with some trepidation 
that Ian Balding has decided 
to send foe Queers filly 
Northern Meeting there on a 
similar mission. 

3.15 GRASMERE HANDICAP (£1,962: 6Q (18) 

5 MB 1RA0E MQHfC-Ml Won 7-9-7 R Vidus* <7} 5 

6 000- REMEMBRANCE H Puacock 5-0-6 APratlO 

4.45 GREAT GABLE STAKES (£1,179: 1m 4f) (20) 

2 30- SUGADtSt TROY D Motley 4-94 MBNilfi 

3 DM CELTIC QUEST E H Owen jun 5-90 CDmll 

4 00- COUNTRY JIMMY C Tartar 4^0 M Wood 14 

5 094 EASY KM R PoacacA 4-9-0 — 19 

7 /BOO FAVOURITE NEPHEW I Victors 5-90 fl Victors (7) 18 

13 099 NORDIC SECRET DBm* Sirfth 49-0 DUad**r(S)7 

15 SKAWON BELLS S Nonn) 4-9-0 JLom2 

IB TARTAN TAILOR G Rrcftanfe 999 - — 15 

20 099 MARCELUNA G Movie 4-911 NCrOwMwrl 

21 HARMAVIU£W Peace 4-911 □ Wcbofc>4 

22 009 PARAVANE E India 9911 MBwcrattS 

24 SAY PLEASE DWGhepmai 7-911 — 3 

25. 3-1 M»UHS{Q}PWaNqn3»fi N Howe 20 

27 -222 BANTB. BUSHY Miss I BOB 3-7-10 NCartsialS 

9 00/0 HUOTfC-m D Moffcxi 793 CDwjerfi 

If -033 BARNES STAR PManUDi *92 BMcfiMI(7fl4 

29 89 HOAD MLL R Rshsr 3-7-10.. 



12 909 HBOTTS PUCE DWCtNOiVn 4-9-1 

14 022- HOPTON8 CHANCE SVfSs 4910 

15 00-0 COMPOSER (BXC) U Jamot _ 

17 049 VIA VITAE R HoOnstaad 




32 900 MOVING PEWORMANCE Miss Z Green 3-7-10 — -12 

33 090 QUARANT1ND M Bnttan 9-7-10 KDwtoylD 

35 090 WTKU E Wflymes 3-7-7 LChanncfcS 

3S 922 SAYBOwSflWGff- 


■ (BFIJWma 3-7-7 — AMecfcay 5 
Evens Mutaans, 9-4 Soy Something. 91 Bantsl Bushy, 19 
1 Bngactwr Troy. 12-1 Ndda, 16-1 ottiers. 

19 900 GOUiefBOrAWJofBSAO^tl-^TSE/^l 

2D -330 STEVEJAM B Moraat 494 G Carter $9 

21 092 SWFTWVBIMss7bbI 494 NCarfrta 12 

» 490 BLACK RtVSt {BF) M H Eafittrtjy 5-6-4 J Lowe 4 

23 090 MfAH DOLPHIN JBany 980 M Fry 2 


25 0(W CULMINATE Mr* A Befl S93-. 
28 9* CUAUTAIRESB K Stale 491 _ 
27 090 AKSA PEARL Mr* A BN) 4-8-1. 

493 M Beecmfl 17 



Ladbrokes make yesterday's 1,000 Guineas 
winner. Midway Lady. 4-1 favourite Jbr foe Oaks 
at Epsom. May soon, foe Guineas runner-up. is 8-1. 
with 10-1 Asteroid Reid, and 12 Gesedeh, who 
won foe Pretty Polly Stakes at Newmarket 

The same firm make Aflez Milord, who landed 
Newmarket's May Stakes, a 10-1 shot for foe 



to ftm (chase course), good 

19 -2X THE ROYAL COURE Miss L Bower 

7-11-3 MrTGrtMftan (4) 

20 0F2U SIC ROLLER JBridgar 7-1912 - — 

22 340F BAMUTJNZ)SCOM91910 SUcNsN 

24U03P OLDALEXJ Lena 5-10-10 R RoweS 

25 OP-P SHARP HUGE FfHodpos 91910— MrTMttcM(7) 

2m) (18 runners) 


11-4 MartreOeB. 10930 The Roys/ Comrie, 91 Dance The 
Blues. 7-1 Hopeful Kybo, 91 BaNyCode, 191 ArsnIWe AR, 12- 
1 Pining. 191 others. 

1 012U BENTY HEATH (BF) M Pbe5-11-7 - 

2 0403 CARO WOOD p)JD Danes 91 1-7. 

01 JON8T0R 

Berm 911-7, 


1003 MERDON MONARCH (DIR Carter 9l 1-7. 
3» kETRUH Mrs JPiman 911-7 

7 0401 TOBIAH piB Stevens 911-7 

- RGoeet 




DtiUraca tenft). B Herrera J Condom, F 
H3g«. JCOraaTPS»nl.PSemerBS. M . 

LJomeLLRodhguea Fawns; Nejr31:v 
Argentina (Buenos Aires); AM A v 
Argenenesatacbon; Ts-v Araenltna {Bue- 
nos ABB# 15: vftie nnNMw maOwnpra): 
It v Austraflan Capital ~ '““ _ 
bern): 2U « AunraBa ' 

Nwm AecMmd I 
Zealand ICftristchURftt. 

floteToUan 15, Perpignan HkToutousa 
16, Bwntz 3; Graotoet IS. MoOUerr a nd 

Tdevlsed: 2^35, 3S, 340, 4.10 

Draw: no advantage 

2J0 ARUNGTON STAKES (2-y-o:£W4: 51) (8 rurmers) 


401 311T22- SUP ANCHOR fC-TO (Ld H di 

402 002390 PHARDANretPmtSKanneq 

403 00122-0 SSONIC WAVE 0SA) (R SmgaarjBHBs 997 . 

2-7 SSp Anchor, 92 Pherdante. 91 Secnic Wave. 

... _ 6 P-Gorttan 4-11-2 SfiMthBoctea 


4-11-2 Mem C Moors 

DICEY HOIS Woodman 911-1 — 

RICH BLUE OShennood 91 1-1. 8 Sh erwood 

P BALTIC CALL Pal Mtaftefl 6-1910 MNaamnd 

00 BAY POKI G Grace* 4-10-10 GMcCoat 

. G Moore 

deWNdenlH Cad 4912 . 
“ G Hanrood 497 



O EAGL£M0SS A Btara 4-1910 . 

EMBRACE M Madgwa* 91910 , 

HALF TWYW Kamo 91910 

0 JMHY TAW’S (BF) N Lee-Judson 4-1910 — S Moore 

, AMsrfmncfc 
— .Throws 

HURDLE {Amateurs: £1,557: 2m 4f) (20) 

2 -000 RECORD DANCER (Q(D)N Gasefee 

911-8 RJnfcs (H 

4 0321 MKtHTY STEEL N Les-Judson 


6 0310 NQTTAPOPSIJ Spearing 911-3 AKeBewayOT 

7 0300 RAMBOW LADY M Pipe 91 1-2 C Brooks (O 

B F20O SOLID OAK fKttmD Barons 911-1 R Barons 

10 0FP4 END OFERA A Moore 911-0 — 

It HMl MAN OWOCffilKBafey 91912 T Thomson Jones 
12 -OOP DOUBLE SWMGJ Hamman 91912. 

14 MOO WtfBREAKER (CXD) A Moore 





1 mister muEsnc 
12 QUafi SPBT 
1 SmtERATE .. 
BtfflOYIKH(Mrs PY ( 

KD Johnson} RJWMsms 94 RCOdnMl 

iLMorfaflM McConoackS-O SCavBMflT 

)R Hannon 90 NON-RUNNER 2 

1 911 Three) 

FORM SUP ANCHOR (912) 2nd beetan 31 to Paddies . 
Champion stks BOOd v> firm Oct 19> PHARDAMTE (S-V 
prema LeedvO-lO) 10 ran. Newmarket 1m ll soft Apr i 
beaten om 2S » LernhH ^B) B ran. Newbuy im 44 sof 

10 ran. Newrnerk^ 1 m 2f 
beaten over 9W to Su- 
BEMMC WAVE (911) «h 
soft Apr IS 

r JFMch-HewK 

4-1910 HNS P 
molar 4 

Thmah, 91 Rich Blue, KM^ngtor. 12-1 Courageous Charger. 

IB PP00 MARGE D Pitcher 9195 

8-1 CM DMtaC Moore |7j 


44 0 MBS ME NOT MTiuMer 4-1M — UsaS 



11-4 Meknan. 7-2 

Heath, 4-1 Boom Pawl, 91 

14-1 others. 

19 3-00 TOM NOEL (USA) B CamtMlge 

11-KKJ Iks NNoam (7} 

21 0040 WOODLAND VIEW (D)P Jones 

7-KH) Mto P FHeh-Heyes (7) 

22 02(10 TIE GOVBtNOR (B) J Jenkins 7-190 — 

25 P000 COIBtB LAD R HOWS 11-190 TMtehe8(7) 

26 -OOP DIVWE TRUTH PafMtcrieU 7-190 EKImaei 

12: Agent IS. BAzjms-12. 

IMay 117 Agent v Toulon; Tgulousa 

• 94 Mater 

191 BoU, 

W O'Gorman 911 

— ...ArmapnoB-lV. 

SOHASTS TAYLDRfTVykn of Sohara} D lasts 911 

.4-1 Quel Esprit 92 AScatS. 91 Buddy Rich, 91 RkN Brigade, 
1 GahanTs Tayfar. 










by Enfield 

Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Mister Mqjestic. 23S Naturally Fresh. 35 Verd- Antique. 3.40 
SUp Anchor. 4.10 Kabiyla. 4.40 MAJOR JACKO (nap). 5.10 
SaronicosL . 

By Ocr Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Miser Majestic. 255 Naturally Fresh. 3.5 Verd- Antique. 3.40 
Sip Anchor. 4.10 Kabiyla. 4.40 Safeera. 5.10 Saronicos. 

By Michael Seely 
4.10 KABIYLA (nap). 4.40 Major Jacko. 




5 W 








0212- PALAESTRA (RDGShafth 

. 01- TWICE BOLD " 

198 FARM CUA | 

000333- AUCnONFB 
_ 1- KABTOAtHH Aoata 
330104- PfTPRQPffJSWftlG 
44031-2 FARAS 
S»-4 ' _ 

000-0 ARROW 


Mohammed) J 

PinmptoD selections 

' By Mandarin 

2.0 Boom PairoL 2.30 Choice Of Critics. 3.T> 
inspired. 3.30 The Royal Comrie. 4.0 Man 
O'Magic. 4.30 Turtle ton. 5.0 All IntenL 

28 201/ DYNA DRUEN T BA 910-0 MaJCnwtedj 

29 2100 G5TH) GIFT JUxig 5-190. 

30 ROU tMT0N{B)B Stews T2-190- 

31 4100 MARSH LANE JFfiWvHe* 

— PCIrts 

_ J FfiwvHeyes 

. M9®«MGAnByWBB<71 

32 090 RHEMF0RD(D)J<MM9IM W Morns {7) 

7-2 Matey Start. 4-t Man O Mafflc, 5-1 Nona Poptu. 11-2 
Raintxw Lady. 9f Record Dancer, 191 SaM Oak. 12-1 others. 

I J Toler 912 

} B HRS 910 

l BBUMQtl Jarvis 8-9 

| £Lfl H De Wrtden) P WaJwyri 8-6 G Baxter 12 

)M S»ute 95 VHStMunl 

1 R HoBnshoad 95 MHBB1 

. WRyiHlI 

IF)(HatnclanAHUafaouROP Wrtwyn 7-12 W Carson 7 

YlJ Horasffl R Hannon 7-8 D McKay 2 

^ { P i o naar aoodaocV) R Amwrong 7-7 RStflTia 

Tj ^TVIce BoM. 92 FWag. 91 Aucdon Favor. 91 Danrtnfl Eafl/e, 19 



5 2302 TM TAILOR (CJ(BF) H Amiytme 


1911-1 R DuBsmody 

10 2F21 GOLDSI HORNET (C-tM K Duet 91910 R 8nnge 

mm dr 

11 1240 SW|FTR0YALE(CU>)QShenMQd9t96 S Sherwood 

12 2002 MEMBRDGE P Oufiaee 11-198 C Warren (7) 

14 2321 WRCY LESS M BoBOn 7-198 Of 

CHASE (£1254: 2m 4f) (14) 

1 0004 STEEL YEOMAN JGWord 91 1-12 Eltap*ty{7) 

3 0P2P reoUAHETTA {Qj GtSonf 7-11-11 GMeuwf 


5 10FF SAMfYLUXIC)KDuvi911-3 R Strange 

8 34BU 1ULANEBSA ^-D) G Prest 91912 . 

10 POOS DMVE EASY RPartar 9195- 


17 raa Newmafftet 71 h’cw good to soft Apr 1 
IBRy^-O) 13 ran. Unoflald 7f tndn good u wm C 
1 >B to Sylvan Boreas (99) 17 ranlNewmarkal 


t football 

En^fekfs second^^teL^agDe 
triumph has possibly come a 
year too early for the ambitious 
North London club who were 
relying on the Footbal l Leag ue 
reorganization ta k in g eflgct as 
from next season. 

Under foe new structure com- 
ing inio operation foe season 
after next, Enfield, as the Goto 
League winners and foe dub 
nominated by its fellow mem- 
bers, would have been automati- 
cally elected. 

Should any of the Football 
League's bottom four &il to gam 
re-election at new month's an- 
nual meeting, E n fi e ld might stiD 
get in. but bearing m mind foe 
dubs involved, that is u nlike ly. 

On lhe previous occasion 
Enfield took foe Gofa (then foe 
Alliance League) title xn 1982- 
83, they withdrew their applica- 

£35 EBF WILBRAHAM MAIDEN STAKES (2-y-0 fi&es£3,197:5fX13) 

0 CALL P0R TAYLOR rrMorB of SohanQDLesId 911 MManrS 

GARNET (AFoustok) R Bass 911 

G0MYPET(BP8tn)MsCRflMy911 SOtthwII 

JAY GS Eli (E &») E Etfn 91 1 NLTh«ol 

KATE IS BEST fTRW5dBn)M Ryan 911 PRcMbsobIS 


od to 


from Trusty 












UTILE UPSTART (Mis E Umbpn) G Aftd>B9Gordon 911 .GDWRrtdS 

MAR1KO GOLD W Grarteyl fl Armstrong 91V. a Tirana 1 

HM3TRELU 1 (USA} (E Bawl C NafeOn 91 1 _ .._- J RrtdJ 

4 NATURALLY FRESH (BR C3 SbajpoWrtJ J Wfimer 911 — W R Swobna 12 ■ 

PLUM DROPjC WUa ffl R Arnwrong9H — WQn«7 

Qurai MATHJJA 9^8 Dwnhwrth^S«an*W)B H8ntJury9H GBattrlO 
lOVMnrtM JamW9lT T tret 4 

. Chepstow 71 c 
tSTEJOffl-iailtt to I 
■ 15. TWICE BOLD (! 

. Jto Sylw lEXpraw (99) 1 7 ran. Ne«mtarkat 71 h'eap good Oct 19 OANCtNG EA£H^ 
(90) won a from B umrto Bright (90) 13 ran. UnaflrtdTf mdn good to arm Oct 28. 
fUWMft ASSET »-2) A) to Cwirtnfl Breve (97) * ran. Sandomt 1 m good to firm Oct 
14 KABLYLA (91 1 ) wwo 1351 ftwn Qo&rand B-Tlj 12 ran. LeioeStwttmih firm Oct 

20. FARAO (9 5) 2nd batten 2NI to Below Zero (94) 9 ran. Kempton 1m h eap soft Mg 
3l. GgqRCES QUAY (90) 4th beaten 31 to NtgW Out Petris (9^1 16ran-Nawmart«t7( 
mdn soft Apr 17. 

15 0P04 KMGHT0F LOVE B Stevens 11-193 — 

16 -22P MAJOR TOM (O^WWtaMman 9191 

19 3124 HUBUjGHort 6-190 



11 0023 TURTLETON K BaflBy 91 

12 3PP4 WATHWEAD(BJTU Jones 9193 

13 FF08 FfDHJGffT C Bravery 9193 

14 POFO DUN ROLFENGaBce 9104 — 

A Wohb 


9 Sherwood 

100-30 Choice Of Cridcs. 4-1 Swift 
91 Gohten Hornet Tom Trttor. 191 

91 Mercy Uss. 
. Hufl. 12-1 


. RRnwrtl 

16 00PP NEMO KYBO R OnetnpKXi 9190- 

17 34P CASTIC TALBOT J Long 9190_ 

18 0F8P WH O H N0T0 N tB>MmMEa8pn 9190— JAkeftwrt 
22 /PPP LUCYSWUNIGH Beasley 12-100. 


4 0401 TM8AH0)B Stevens 91M0JBe*)-. N0MRUNNER 

5 SFO SPARALfflSPIWT A PW 5-11-8- Rl 

11-4 Turttaton. 4-1 Steel Yeoman. 91 Sammy Lux, 192 
' 191 Grtiwaita. 12-1 

Drive Easy, 91 MBanessa. 91 Dun Roda 

6 02U4 CENTAUR SOW (Bfl J Badger 91 1-7 R j 

7 0P0F EUGEHESCHANCER Akehtnt 911-6 _ RT 

FLAT RACE (£959: 2m) (20) 



5-2 Go My Pm. 7-2 Kate Is Best. 91 Neturefly Freeh. 91 MtosnA. 91 Ifing 01 
faark 191 Garnet, 12-1 Jay Geo SL 191 others. 

440 H.Y HANDICAP (3-y« £6^59: Sf) (18) 

M Jarvis) A J 




A Jarvis 97> 

3J CORAL NEWMARKET STAKES (3-y-o colts: £12^64: 1m 2f) (10) 




01239 FBULTRY 
22329 OAN9D 
« HA 

20622 HELLO 

3H snaa.(Sw8di 

I Ahmed M Mattnaiq J Diailcp 62 — WCama r 
rtndtoy3-2 MWM8 

. MStout»95 

VBOAKnOUE {BhrtA Mohammed) H OocA 95 

H Thomson Jonee 62 AltamyO 

Starwood 910 G Starkey 10 

Cote 95 ^TQtrtw S 

Mb 95 - B Thomson 3 

. T tess 4 

95 — I WR»— 1 

^GabwW^^I.MAtO 65 


, 91 Ha80 Emart, 7-1 SWL 91 CSveden. 191 

tOusL 14-1 Kewsrden, 191 others. 

non tojorn foe Foo^DL^i^. ^o^iHiSURDEN&tftAa 
“This ume we arc all geared up Mod w soft Apr is. fetlo 
on and off the pitch, Alan Capannaiaimi ' 









4214C-C LOCHOACA (5 

111390 LUNA BID p>JB 

^■■■IHrareOstionnl J SutcHfe 913 

8 Carthen 18 


J Reid 13 

8 00F4 VENETIAN PRINCESS A Mom 911-4 G Moore 

10 0001 WSPiHED TO K INingnm 911-3 Hr L Lay { 

14 MOD UB83WTUUS LADTjLcng 9196 LaesaUV 

15 6223 UNGfiaD LADY (BF1 WKOTp 4-IM A1 

16 -POP LOVING EYES N Mftcne* 9199. 

17 900 SHARAZOUR Mrs 8 Roberts 9199 ! 

18 4200 THE BRUMPve 9190 PI 

19 01PQ GALE BOY PAUngham 910-9 

20 0F40 TREV1 FOUKTAJHG Ere^fl 9190 







ACRYBEJ Long 911-5- 

Mr J PouRon (7) 

DUWRO J Durtoq 911-5- . .... 

9 FUU. SPATE DBrOwnm 91 1-5 Mss C Moore ( 

GAY MOORE 0 Mimy-Snili 91 1-5 Mb C Beasley ( 
HIGHWAY EXPRESS R Hodges 91 1 -5 Ur T MttcheU ( 

13091 ON BOYAR (Mary 

30122-8 OCEAN TRADBt 
10393 MCCOLOM 
0*0090 UTILE PW 
41411- SAFEERA j 
00091 goldemMH 
040662 YOUNG PUBGr 

i LsflJW Wats 912 
Lewis 911 



# ._ J JY6m*99— 

r J Merrow) M Janes 68. 


PWsfafron 10 

P Coc*6 


9-4 Venetfen Princess. 51 fiwldar Spirit 92 Insprad. 91 
. 191 Centaur Seng, 12-1 others. 

UngfieM Lady, 91 The Bru, ■ 






00 POUCY CHARGE CHofanes 91 1-5 TMorgao 

PRIAM LOGGER HOM911-S . MnFMc9ltq«s 

ROZEL GAMBLE N Henderron S-11-S M Bowfcy j 

Mss A Harwood I 

ALL INTENT G Harwood 4-11-0— 
DiSPARU J Francome 4-11-0. 


060*2! JAHBOV1AN (W(A Ls 
■ 01039 M3O0N InODY (J 

009014 MAJOR. 

3090 MR8WA 
009234 TAYLOR OF i 

T Farttnt 91 (7ex) 
Smtnj R Sherther 7-9 . 




j JAOKOJ96) yF) (J Hc^nj R Hann on 7-6 pesl DMeKaj 1< 

R OFSOHAM SctfOTToitesiB 7-7____ N Adams 12 
7-2 Mrtor Jm*d. 91 Satesra. 6-1 Oh Boyar, Young Puggy. B-1 Jenwtan. Golden 
ona. 191 Menton Dart 12-1 Lune BA, l9l others. 

(£2.129: 2m) (15) 

1 POOS ARENT WE ALL JBHdpr 7-11-8 — 

2 U0O4 B»aY CODER Hodges 7-1 1-3 — 

4 P0 DANCE TWBLuaftBAlJWWjOer 91 1-3 QUcCoort 

6 OOOP HOPERJL KYBO J GrRoro 911-3 Eltaphym 

7 440P JNJA THYME T MJonee 6-11-3 AMadartch 

9 P2Ff MAITREDEE R Gow 7-11-8 RRowe 

10 0FFV HELOTS BOY R Vompuy 911-8 HFwVmg 


. .. IVoorsxryl 
12 OPQ/ 0VERULE ST Hn 911-3- 









91 1-OMsaC Morris (T) 

UVE IN HOPE DMuira^Snitn 

4-11-QMTTMnnsn Jones 

NO ACCOLADES W G U Turner 91 1-0. Mcfcy PUB 0 
4ff REGAL NO) RArmytage 911-0. Mas G Amytoge (71 
WTON WENT TFortter9H-0'-^L^. Mr L Harvey 0 

13 3-PU PAMWY LAD ROBrtMn 911-3- 
15 0U82 PMNG C Holmes 7-11-3 

G Charles Jobss 


ITS ONLY HBID Maria 4-199 _ 

MARCH PRINCESS PW Hams *-198 OSkynm 

PORCtESTER RUN J Webber 9100 _ M Jartuna 0 
SEA FLOWER <NZJ 0 Bardna 4-199 ... Mr B Tcmit 0 
11-4 AU Imem. 10930 Dumfries. 9-2 Ra2rt Gamble. 13-2 
Ofeperu, 7-1 Upton Were. 191 Sea Flower, Gay Moors. 12-1 
others. .... 



on and off . 

Di mem, fotar 

midway forot^i foe 
first half of Tuesday’s game 
against last season s diai^w^ 
Wealdstone. by the prolific Ctiri 
Richard*, gave Enfield a 1-0 wm 
and the title. 

With EnficW hoping to leave 
for Gob League at one end. 
Dart ford are now certain to 
depan, manager lea, at „“ e 
oiSr. No sooner had foe Kent 

club's relegation been conhrroea 
than the>- were looking for a new 

manager for foe second time in 
three months, 

Tommy Coleman, the smeots- 

sor to John StiJL whoteagned in 

Febnon, bad left for the same 
reason. “I had suvpai 
no disrespect to non-Leagae 

football, but foe 
placed foe way J like il It 
doesn’t fit in wnh mj- belief. I 
can't change.” . 

Tenv Hibbilt is one n^ 
manager hopma w be in charge 
ZdSbin the Goto 
season. The 

Birmingham mid- 

tiSnsi* gsj^bj 

Gateshead from Monday? by 
uhich time tbe Tyneside dub 
will know if 

their place in foe 

TS «cond in foe 

foe middle fV 

dium, is so far from foe crowo- 

xiare ** 

2rel baaun II to Santau Mac (64B 13 ran. UngtMd 7( man good to 
14 1 to Arnncm (9-OJ 20 ran . Newmarket fm mdn 

<921 2nd tJoawn hd to Svett (9T " 

1m pood to soft Apr ia Ew6wl&LLOERfiAM(8-qandbaann ! 


BtNAM <921 2nd bason hd to Svaft 
12. Earfiar>ELLOEItNAM(8-4}andbaa) 

5.10 NEWMARKET CHALLENGE WHIP (3-y-o: 1m) (5) 

1 093 lAMirnB fire nn iii) r ni iiii nn — 

2 o spmNMGTunT^(W(ta^ 


Apr 17. 

sSwfiOtt HHIO BB4MU 

9 STAV0ftDAl£(Mre H TTKsracm Jonas) H Thomson Junto 60 

.1 mlr»M Thomson JomrtHThonno' “ 

9 QUASMLLI (Lord Derby) G McharrtGrtdon 911 





94 Saronlco*. 91 Timbenwod. 91 Sttvcrdato, 91 Ouadrtte. 91 Spinning Turn. 

O’Neill retires from the saddle 


O'Neill, the former 
i National Hunt jock- 
ey wftose career has been 
blighted by serious injuries, 
hws finally decided to call Ha 
day at foe age of 34. O’Neil! 
madn up his BUBd 10 QlBt foft 
saddle after a fall from 
Nohaimdns in foie Scottish 
Champion Hurdle at Ayr 13 

a career spanning 16 

, O'Neill partnered 901 

winners over jumps and was 
twice champion jockey, ffis 
winning taOy of 149 winners in 
foe I0f7-78 season remains a 

Success came at a price 
though- The popular Irishman 
broke virtually every bone in 
his body after some crashing 
folk. After many injuries 
O'Neill was advised by friends 

to retire, but he tovetHhe sport 

race was a real bogey event tor 
O’Neal, who foiled to com- 
plete foe course in eight 

On his future, O’Neffl said 
“1 wfll start training at foe 
beginning of foe next jamping 
season, and although inltSaHy 
I will stay in Cumbria, 1 will 
move ‘down country 1 later on. 
Dune had my ops and downs, 
bat have had some time to 
think about foe futu re in foe 
past two weeks. At the end of 
foe day ft*s nice to get out aQ in 
-one piece.'* 

Course specialists 

O'Neill who will start 
training next season 

were foe five-timer at Perth in 
1979 . when he heat 

and keptfighting his way hack- Barry's recor d of 1 25, and 

to fitness. 

After smashing a leg m a 
foil at Bangor six years ago it 
was feared, at one stage that 
foe limb may have to be 
amputated. However, al- 
though it took a long time for 

foe bones to heal, a year later 
be was bade In the saddle. 

O*Ne0] announced his, re- 
tirahent daring an awards 
ceremony in bis native .Comity 
Cork oh Wednesday' evening. 
The popular rider said that the 
two highlights ' of his career 

Dawn Rmf s trimuph in foe 
Cheltenham Cold Cup in 

The Irishman sai&“That 
was a fantastic day, once in a 
lifetime. She was the first 
horse to win the Champion 
Hurdle and Gold Cup, and 1 
was part of history.** 

He alto won foie Champiai 
Hurdle an Night Nurse and 
added another GoM Cup with 
foetlMated Alverton, who was 
killed in the Grand National 
that same year. The Aiatree 


TRAMER& H Ged, 87 wtonefS ttort) 314 
runnore, 27.7%; M fift xi m . 48 tron 3101 
1Sfi% G HBTMJDd. <7 1RS1346, 130% 
JOCKEYS: S Cauttan, 71 wtmrev from 
484 riota. 14.7% W R Srttobum. 42 Horn 
331. 110%; W Carson. 48 ftm 411. 


TWUiCRSc N GaBaohan, 7 wmnm lim 
22 rumon, 31 P%Tm h EastorOy. 7 ftom 
w, 183% a Norton, 8 Horn 86. 13.8%. 
JOCKEYS K women, 8 wtonws ftm 40 
(Idas. 160% J lam, 12 from 68. 135% 
M Birch. 10 from 81 110%. 


TfURtott: R MRctiM, 14t*toMre frm 69 
ninrars. 232% 

RAimytt0e.Bfrem.46, 18.0% JGBtonJ. 
29 from 150. 17 

JOCKEYS: R Bow, 25 winners from 151 
rides, 16£%; SSmkfi Ecctos, 14 from 78, 
15.6% ROumsoody, 6 trom to. 110%. 

TRAMERS: S Motor, 6 winners from 18 
runner*. 48.1%; . R Hotter, 9 ftm 44. 
205V JThotrje. 17 from 112. 112%. 
JOCKEYK S Smith axtssfi adns from 28 
rides st 21.4%: C Brown. 14 from 84, 


Greenall ties 
for the lead 

Going: good 

HURDLE (£777: 2m If) (16 runners) 

2 1-10 BACHAGHA (USA)(D) R Scnpeon 9192 Gtosw 

4 44P2 M0nCEO)MPtae8-1M0 J Lower 

5 620 INCtoS FOULY R Hodges 7-11-8 tt twins 

6 2300 M0NajD)PCuide?91!-5 CCoz 

7 0144 Rff WOODCOCK GKrterstey 911-4 PCsengM 

11 P301 VAKSLYRaBRww 911-1 CWsfm 

T3 00PP TRUE HERTTAGE A Jmson 7-11-0 Gl 

32 P-P3 GILDS] GAMMJE (Bl J WOonson 91913 — R IBfisac 
356P4P MSS T1AAJ1LAH \BJ B Fottsy 91913 — C WWW 0 
2-1 Hpttfnqor Patrol. 3-1 Mams Sprif^. 91 91 

Epryana. 91 Gfldad GariUs. 191 



2 11PF CANK7 (0-0} R Ha 

. 911-2 


. Peter Hotatas 


8 0438 MOUNT OUVBt (BMC 

17 142P CELTIC CttMXLEPCuKM 9198 

18 41-p WYNNWTTH STAR AISA) S Bridge 7-198 

20 0000 BOM DART (USA}TfttsBtt7-1M 

21 02F1 BEU HOP G Ham 19195 

. C Haywood 

DJT ‘ _ 

IJ Roberts 


10 900 FARMBt R Hawkor 11-164 

«M 190 grt W Kata (4) 

22 0004 ALETBMra A Flndi 910-4. 


11 4322 STAR GAZETTE J RDOtttt IS-IH . 

12 -FPP KARS JOM 19191. 

. E Wane 
C Brown 

Peter GreenalTs win on 
Boonabaroo at the South Devon 
meeting brought his total for the 
season lo IS. level with Mike 
Felton, who has held the lead 
since tbe season commenced on 

February l, (Brian Bed writes). 

Romuiex gave Alison Dare 
her 1 1th win. but Amanda 
Harwood, aged 16, remains in 
hoi pursuit bn ten after riding 
Red Shah and Lawn Meet to 
success in the divided Ladies' 

23 0000 GOLDEN MATCH nn Mrs SHemtmw 9103 MBcrtey 

24 0311 BROCHEffraTOKBshop 5-193 IStocosk 

28 1400 aUBOjfnfiWgG Han 9190 S Mackey 

29 090 AHEWCKJ Rotate 9160 CEra 

4-1 Rbc Woodcock, 92 Dick's Frthr, 91 VfipcAy BsL 91 

13 410P ASWONES Meta 7-191. 


16 600 (MOER-RAT 

17 0000 «ETSa< 

19 4FB0 QUITE I 

WtATHl (B) Mrs A Appteyera 
HOT (BHD) N Avitfe 7-190 _ 

GCtrtries Jonas 

J Fiort 


Bachagha. Bttche. 91 Modes. True 

■ SMCffafl 

25 D300 BARGQXD SON (D) N Karvck 9190 - H Yeoman [ 7 ) 

26 OP-P SABfC^N Thomson 12-190 — 

Taunton selections 

By Mandarin 

5.45 Broche. 6,15 Father Mac 6.45 Holemoor 
Patrol. 7.15 Easier Carnival. 7.45 Beltane The 
Smith, g. IS I'm Somebody. 

92 Easter Carnival. 3-1 Star Gazette. 5-1 Mater Donut 7-1 
Canto, 91 BtcUagn Bridge, 191 Mount Otomr. 12-1 others. 



. 2 OOFO JOY RIDE J Xing 911-13 SMrttaB 

3 0030 KMTBURYM Roe 11-11-8 PLSKh 


Hunt Sandsprito. Atft Barton Sauce. 
Ledtta t Rad Shah. W>OA fc Romuttx. 

UtSst Ik Lawn MBrt. PPOA R: Nke 

woodtek. Open ft Hawwood. Opea Jfc 
Soorabaroa Urtn t Rowanrt. Mdn Os 

Holcombe Pul 


Buftoic, Amptoii 

• Lead On Time will miss 
tomorrow's 2,000 Guineas at 
Newmarket, and go instead for 
the Irish ‘2000’ ax The Curragh 
on May 17, stated his trainer 
Oliver OouietL 


( 16 ) 

i 9PP COMUGARY (QCPMtam 5-1 1-11 PMcftaBi 

3 0402 FLABMG PEAflLPj B Stems 5-11-fi NON-RUNNER 

4 0000 FATHER MAC UlS M Rimefl 911-8 JBrj» 

5 9P0 HA00AK (USA) B PaSra W1< CEvam0 

10 opp HOinaiYMPw 4-H-i PBadum 

11 Rn HONG IR)NG VENTURE D Wfinfle 4-1 M _ R Bytnt 0 

12 8000 JACK IN THE GREEN F Jartten 4-11-1 RHyrtt 

15 F00 METpO STM jBKFH) P Bowden 4-11-1 -RPcHtW 

5 02B» W DAO Mis J Pumn S-li-4 

6 3200 TAMMOFWnar 5-11-4 — 

7 2014 BELTAtE THE SUmUTftarna 9U-3. Mr N Dun 0 

9 0203 EASTERN LINE (BF) J Baker 911-1 PScadaMtt 

10 0000 REDGRAVE ROSE K Bishop 911-1 PRichrtda 

12 -0*0 GATHABAWN R H0fln« 10-10-12 B Pmrel 

13 2000 COME ON GRAOSpSMPiW 91911 — 

16 900 AMECE Mis G Jones 9198 JSolbem 

17 2010 PARTY MBS WFisnern-197 

18 -4M JUST BUKE J RotWB 9197 . 

CCoz (4) 
C Brawn 

a 2300 PLA2A TORO ©W Tomer 7-TM— TracyTureet (7) 
22 4120 DRUM MAXStSFoiSev 9194 

• Snlaafoh could do no better 
than third in the croup three 
Gran Premia Citia di Torino at 
Turin yesterday. Tbe British 
challenger moved up to be in 
with a chance at least of second, 
place overa furiong out, but was 
soon left behind by Manteroand 

IB PFD PWJ5DBJGKTAC>amb«1w5-11-1_ AChwnbBrtNn 
19 30F3 PRONWTW BR0E 0 Whde 911-1 Dec TMknrtafiM 

21 PP (SJCOMARtTSuRmndi 9ti-i CGn? 

2 BLUE StMDAY A LrtgttDn4-19l0 CM 

23 P LOCKFAST DTurtwVl 910 5Earie( 4) 

24 FBP OUCK 8MGLB J Oto 4-1910 ” 

«0«IAM MAP (B) H J W«X) 4-1910 MRKtaiUI 

28 Ort ROSWS DEAL Mrs A Tucker 4.1910 GK1V3M 

23 -218 SEASOTS DELIGHT R Holder 7-190- 

24 4400 BOWW GEM C Lm** 13-l9\ 

J Duggan 

_ RMatn&ft 

64 Mi Dad. 4-1 Tam too. 91 Party Mm. 91 Eastern Lire, 
91 Come On Ortas. 191 Drum Maker. 12-1 Season's Deftgtn. 
14-1 othfira. 

94 Rota's Dart. 4-1 Haddak. Frthw Mae, 91 Pnmtnto 
Bride. ID-1 Cbrragary. T91 others. 

Blinkered first time 

Newmarket 4.10 Arrow Express, 440 

Cotesw Comet 

Grtoor Lass. 

2-45 Msftese Charley. 0*5 


(novice chase: £2£4& 2m 31) (14) 

T'lFOO KZMA SPRING L CcttraB 7-11-6 Gecroa KidgM 

8 0P34 BOWDOI fflFl I Dudgeon 911-4 MRkftndt 

10 P-PF CHANCE FACT A ChsmtwIM 9tM » A CtoatoMttki 

11 BPUP CUDDLY BEAR (NZlNAyttfe 911-4 MAyfifts 

12 ftVP WCHE BOW LftStog 911-4 C(rt) 

140UUU FiraiAYLEMD&rons MW PMstatt 

18 FB04 GREY COTE ptoftROa 91 W JFnwl 

19 2022 HOt^aOORPMWLtBriLKenwd 911-4 BPowNI 

24 WO SALTMOUSeCPCptam S-1M PRicftSfda 

2BUP-P SHALLOT BOY NMtoheS 911-4 RDanwody 

HURDLE (£587: 2m If) (13) 

1 1400 GQOFATHBTS GIFT J jenfcia 11-10.- ---^,— 
3 «P0 TlARUMPKC-ojACteroerttaiMO A Cftarabctttjft 

6 0044 BROAD WOOD Mrs jwomucon 11 -O DWomeoB0 

7 B BUTTS BAY JOM 11-0 GBrac*? 

9 OP CRME BUSTER D Mifiray-Sinin 11-0 CBww 

12 0200 GET AWAY R Frost 11-0 — — JF»*t 

15 20P ID SOHEBOUY (USA) H Henoencn 

ll-CS Smith Eccta 

ll-ft ROnavnocN 

_ A Cam* 

DWtode 11-0 — 

17 00 PITHY n 


27 2200 LADY FIREPOWER RKoifler 199 
32 D04U RE0GRAVE GIRL KBortCP 195 
85 4F SWIWOODM Pipe 199 

30 -0B3 EPRYAJM Mtt C Ftoavey 6-1913- 
81 0PPO FBtNDAUSMttG Jonas 91913. 




91 Suravood. 7-2 Fm Soraeftody. 4-1 Butts Bay, 91 Terra 
fi Srena. 91 Courttonds GrL 91 Ufly crepmw. 191 
Redgrave Ort. 12-1 others. 



- * ---I a rw»y 




Depending on Marshall 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

gan. with nine second innings 
wickets in hand, are 32 runs 
behind Hampshire. ■ 

Declaring at tea .yesterday. 
107 runs ahead. Hampshire 
still have a good deal left to do 
if they are to beat Glamorgan 
.today. As so often, it may 
depend in the end - on 

With never a cloud in sight, 
and in temperatures warm 
enough to make watching a 
pleasure, batting was easier 
than on Wednesday, which is 
not to say that runs were 
cheap. In the evening Glamor' 
gan did. thoroughly well to lose 
only Hopkins, and he had seen 
Marshall off by the time he 
was out. 

Hopkins will not forget the 
over in which he nicked the 
scourge of England three times 
for four. 

Hampshire were assured of a 
good Ie3d by a third-wicket 
partnership of 143 between 
Christopher Smith and Terry. 
Robin Smith had played on to 
Derrick a good ball that came 
back down the slope: but his 
brother. in his 1 00th game for 
Hampshire, was soon into his 
stride, hitting Thomas for 

Lamb is a 
cut above 
the others 

three fours in an over and 
generally playing well. 

When he was not in Sri 
Lanka last winter this elder 
Smith was busy marketing 
advertising space for Hamp- 
shire. and very successful he 
looks to have been. The 
hoardings made a colourful 
show in yesterday's sunshine 
and gave the ground a pros- 
perous look A word for the 
groundsman, too: considering 
all the rain there was in April, 
he has provided an admirably 
firm pitch. 

Terry has also started the 
season welL Though not now 
as free as his partner. Smith, 
he played some lovely cover 
drives. One of the two should 
have scored a 100: but not 
long after lunch, in successive 
overs. Smith, looking for runs 
on the off side, played on. and 
Terry was spectacularly 
caught in the gully by On long, 
diving io his lefi. 

That was 1 96 Tor four, time 
for Marshall to come in and 
make a rapid 45. Given a 
regular place at No 6 in the 
order, there is no earthly 
reason why Marshall should 
not make his 1.000 runs for 
the season, many of them with 

a nonchalance to disconcert 
the best of bowlers. 

ft was in this corresponding 
march a year ago that Thomas, 
by bowling as fast as MarshalL 
first brought himself to the 
selectors' notice. He was re- 
membered for having inflicted 
some painful blows oa 
Hampshire's batsmen. This 
time he has bowled rather too 
short, as though he might have 
been spending the winter in 
the West Indies. So. for that 
matter, has Moseley, which 
might have done for 
Littleborough in the Central 
Lancashire League (he took 
121 wickets for them last 
season at seven runs apiece) 
but was ineffective yesterday. 

When Steele bowled some 
flat left-arm slows Smith, tak- 
ing a couple of paces, drove 
him twice for six. On tong gave 
his faster bowlers most of the 
work which they undertook 
willingly enough. Holmes is 
obviously a more than useful 
all-round cricketer and Der- 
rick a sturdy one. 

But it has not been a lucky 
match for Glamorgan. On 
Wednesday they lost what was 
a good toss to win and 

Whitaker makes 
Lancashire toil 

Bv lvo Tennant 

CANTERBURY: Kent (3 pts) 
are 4} runs ahead of North- 
amptonshire (6) with eight sec- 
ond innings wickets in hand. 

For the second day. batsmen 
made heavy work of their task at 
the St Lawrence ground. Apart, 
that was. from an excellent 72 by 
Allan Lamb which outshone 
even his captain's century. 
Geoff Cook batted for more 
than five hours, his 109 span- 
ning Northamptonshire's 

- The pitch was still damp and 
far from suited to free stroke 
play. But for Lamb's innings, it 
would have been rather a te- 
dious day. Northamptonshire 
had the slowest of starts, exacer- 
bated because Larkins was not 
playing. Three days before pre- 
season training began, be was 
carried off and the opposition 
goalkeeper sent off after a 
contretemps in a United Coun- 
ties match. It needs hardly be 
said that: Northamptonshire are 
not keen on him playing football 
in the close season. 

Geoff Cook's partner was 
Stone, who spent two hours 12 
minutes compiling .26. With 
three minutes to go to lunch, he 
chanced his arm for the first 
time and pulled a long hop from 
CliristopherCowdrey straight to 

Northamptonshire lunched 
on 83 for one and lost Boyd- 
Moss soon afterwards, caught at 
first slip off Dilley. There were 
occasions when DtUey got some- 
thing out of the pitch with his 
extra pace and looked an En- 
gland bowler. Otherwise its 
sluggishness disheartened him. 

Lamb's innings was a cut 
above anything else in this 
match. In his firet innings since 
returning from the West Indies, 
he timed his drives splendidly, 
especially the straight ones. 

During the session between 
lunch and tea. Lamb added i 10 
in 34 overs with Cook 72 of 
which were his. He had hit 10 
fours and a straight sis when he 
swatted Dilley. somewhat care- 
lessly. to Graham Cowdrey at 

Cook went on to reach his 100 
in 306 minutes with 10 bound- 
aries. partnered by Bailey. He 
declared 22 behind in the hope 
that Kent will make a game of it 

KENT raw tarings: 277 for T dec (R M 
EBson 62 not out) 

BOWLING: MaBender 25-5-69-1: Griffiths 
1 8-7-58- fc Cart 18-7-42-1; Harper 28-7- 
TtW: Cook 0J-11-3O-2. 

. . . Second Irmas 

M R Benson not out 9 

S G Hmks b Msfenfer B 

S A Marsh Ibw b Griffiths 1 

C J Tavare not out 0 

. Extras (w 1). ... 1 

Total 19 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11 2-19. 

■G Cook not out 109 

ACStonecOfley bC 5 Cowdrey — 28 

R J Boyd-Moss c Tavare b Dtfley 4 

A JLambcGR Cowdrey bDffley. — 72 

R J Bailey not out 30 

Extnu(tbl.w3.nbS) —9 

Total (3 wktsded 250 

FALL OF WICKETS- 1-83. 2-89. 3-199. 

By Richard Streeton 

OLD TRAFFORD: Lancashire, fourth slip 
with nine second innings wickets keep out U 
in hand, lead Leicestershire by O’Shauj 
87 runs. first time 

A forceful hundred by third and I 
Whitaker, who dominated a big Whmica 
stand with Gower, led some Whitticase 
entertaining batting by wicket, hit 
Leicestershire yesterday, wicket; Pa 
Whitaker had to avert a possible the hall kej 
hat-trick for O'Shaughnessy first misbehave 
ball and went on to overshadow From 
his captain. Lancashire were left drove Pat 
29 overs batting and Fowler mot and r 
again looked in good order. against z 

in the field it was unremitting bowlers. H 
toil for Lancashire, other than a quickly tl 
brief period either side of lunch timing was 
when three wickets fell in eight Gower. \ 
balls. Butcher and the found his i 
nightwatebman. Whiuicase. < n an ovei 
batted all morning; Gower and left arm se 
Whitaker all afternoon. It was Gower, r 
mostly attractive batting, too, caught at t 
and worthy of the new season's when 63, ’ 
first sunshine. ately after I 

An easy paced, reliable pitch runs. The 
was little use to Patterson, who added 11 
was sparingly used and must Whitaker, 
have yearned to be back in scored his 
Kingston. Allott persevered but 
Lancashire badly missed an §§. p acwu 
experienced spinner. Goodness $ 

knows what Simmons's GOMendbb 
thoughts were as hie shared 'afSflZJFi. 
twelfth man duties with Clive ExtrasliS 
Lloyd, unusual roles, in- Total (ima 
ciden tally, for a county's vice- leicesi 
captain and captain. ip Butcher cl 

Whitticase. whose normal F/C 0 ** 6 * 1 
place is number 10 or 11. 
showed exemplary detennina- - Qj Poo rer p t 
lion against Patterson and drove b 

with increasing freedom the wKRtowiI 
longer he stayed. He outscored Extras (t>4 
Butcher, who was finally caught Total (5 wk 
down the leg side, trying to T j Boon, 

glance, in Patterson’s final over J p 
Before lunch. ^ L SS 0 w,a 

Gower had three balls to face bowuvg p 
from Patterson before the inter- 23 ^- 5 - 74 - 1 : 
val and with a telling piece of Maktosons-s-i 
theatre, the West Indian re- jj5- & A braham 
moved his sweater for the first p “ ms ' 

time. He dug the first ball m and ump^s; p j c 
Gower played it just in front of 

fourth slip and he then had to 
keep out two successive yorkers. 

O'Shaughnessy bowled for the 
first time, after lunch and his 
third and fourth balls dismissed 
Whitticase and Potter. 
Whitticase, after 41 overs at the 
wicket, hit a low catch to mid 
wicket Porter played back and 
the hall kept low, the only one to 
misbehave all day. 

From the Stan Whitaker 
drove Patterson on the from 
fool and made positive strokes 
against all six Lancashire 
bowlers. He always scored more 
quickly than Gower, whose 
liming was not entirely in tune. 
Gower, though, eventually 
found his touch with four fours 
in an over against Maltinson's 
left arm seam. 

Gower, who should have been 
caught at mid-on off Abrahams 
when 63, was bowled immedi- 
ately after tea as he sought quick 
runs. The fifth wicket pair had 
added 180 in 39 overs. 
Whitaker, who hit 12 fours, 
scored his 102 from 123 bails. 

LANCASHIRE: Rrel Inrings 301 tor 9 dec 
(G Fnwter 72. D W Varay 72. C Maynard 
53; P 0 CWt4 far 87V 

Second Imungs • 

GO MendsbCUft ; 28 

•GFoMrfffi-notout ;; 49 

P J w AHott not out 10 

Extras (Ito, lift) -2 

Total (1 wkt) 89 

LEICESTERSHIRE: First tarings 
I P Butcher c Maynard b Patterson 39 
R A Cobb c Abrahams b Pteterean . — 4 
fP Whntxaso c Fafcbrothsr 

b O'Shaughnessy 60 

*D I Gower b AHotl 76 

LPoKarltwbO'Shaugriwssy 0 

J J WMaker not out : 102 

W K R Bentsmn not out S 

Extras ft4. fe 2. w 4, nt»7) ,J7 

Total (5 WHS toe. 84.2 overs) 303 
T J Boon. P B GW. P A J Ds Freitas 
and J P Agnew efid not baL 
FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-8. 2-109. 3-109. 4- 
109. 5-289. 

BOWLING: Paterson 17-6-43-2: ABott 
23.2-5-74-1; Watfcinson 16-3-82-0: 
MriOnson 9-2-51-0: O'Shaughnessy 12-3- 
45-2; Abrahams 7-0-224). 

Bonus points: Lancashire 6. Lacester- 

Umpires: D J Constant and R A Write 

yesterday Jones, having 
worked hard to get himself fit 
in the winter after an opera- 
tion on his shoulder last 
season, threw his arm out. His 
opening place was taken after 
tea by Morris, himself batting 
with a strained hamstring. 

GLAMORGAN: First Innings 201 (G C 
Hotmes 52) 

Second hwangs 

J A Hapfcms taw b Connor 

H Moms not out 

G C Hotmes not out - 

Extras pb 7. IwJ . 

Total (1 *kr) 


HAMPSHIRE: F«t Imrigs 
C G Greentdge c Holmes b Thomas .... 0 

V P Teny c wrong b Demcfc 90 

RASirtthbOemck 19 

C L SflMh b Thomas 79 

"MCJNtchattsc Demcfc b Holmes.. SB 

M D Marehae b Hotmes 45 

N G Cowley c sub b Derrick 21 

T M Trended notout 8 

tflJ Parts cHolmeab Thornes 3 

R J Marc notout 0 

Extras (bSJb 5. wl nbiaj 27 

Total (6 wfct dec. 89 overs) 308 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-7 2,54. 3-196. 4- 
196. 5-282. 6-273. 7-305. 6608. 
BOWLING: Thomas 20-3-66-3. Moseley 
24-4-660; Derrick 17-487-3: Holmes 18- 
3-71-2; Stem 4-0-»ft Ontong 6-1-941. 
Bonn points: Gtamoigan 5. Hanpatura B 
Umpires: J W Holder and M J Kachen. 

force of 

By Alan Gibson 

THE OVAL- Surrey, with nine 
second innings wickets in hand. 


H . ! By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent 

-n~ r fninn ronre- “I *a«t prepared to die out 

The Soviet Union, repre- 
sented by Natalie Zvereva and 
Leila Mgski. is the only nation 
with more than one player ui 
today's singles semi-finals of the 
third tournament in the Lawn 
Tennis Association spring cir- 
cuit. The Sutton linc-up is Sally 
Reeves (Britain) v Miss 
Zvereva, Miss . Meski v Cecilia 
Dahl man (Sweden). Thierry 
Pham (France) v Danilo 
Marcelino (Brazil) and Giiad 
Bloom (Israel) v Denys 
Maasdorp (South Africa). 

The losers in the men's quar- 
ter-finals were all British. Jona- 
than Smith, a former Davis Cup 
player, could not make much of 
Bloom, aged 19, “spare man" of 
the Israeli Davis Cup team. 
Stephen Botfield took a set from 
Pham, who wbn.the Hampstead 
tournament- Botfield, aged 20. 
comes' from. Chiqgfoid and is 
the on ly player of either sex who 
hasreached the quarter-finals of 

all three tournaments. Andrew England- “I want recognition - 
Castle- could -win only five Southcombe said. So Jar J 
games aeainst Marcdino. Jona- hadn't deserved it not I am 


second innings wickets in hand, 1?*** S^ByReejes OT her to victory against 

arc 94 runs ahead of Hellas Ter-Riet (PbotograpluOms Cote) 

Nottinghamshire. — ' — — 

' 5 !:n a “"£5 BOXING 

games against Marccfino. Jona- 
than Southcombe— an unfamil- 
iar name, even in the chorus fine 
of. British tennis — sweated 
seven games out of ‘Maasdorp, 
last week's winner. 

Castle and Southcombe have 
returned to . Britain this year. 
Castle, aged 22,. Is a Taunton 
man who spent more than four 
years ai Wichita Stat^Um'ver- 
sity. He has torn fibres, in a 
stomach muscle and this is 
particularly inhibiting during 
the twisting, upward motion of 
serving. Nor is he at ease on 
shale. “My attitude today, was 
very weak",' he said yesterday. 

trying so hard to make a crack in 
the wall.” 

The odd thing about the 
women's singles, other than the 
Soviet advance on a day of 
sunshine and bird song, is that 
the 5ft fOin Miss Dahlman, aged 
17. could maintain a sequence. 
Cairin Jexeil won at Hampstead 
and Helena Otsson was runner- 
up at Queen's Gub. Even at this 
modest level the Swedes seem io 
be running a private relay race. 

WOMEN'S SINGLES: Qaartar-Knal 
-nm&S Rams tt H TarAst (Nather- 
fentai 7-5. 6-4; N Zwwa (USSR) N 0 
Mom (Bow) S3, 8-1; C EtaNnan (Svvffi bt 
J Porzl (AUMm) 6-4, 6-t. 

Belligerent Botham 
hits 61 off 50 balls 

By Peter Marson 

Ian Botham was in majestic 
form with the bat at Queens 
Park, Chesterfield, yesterday, 
when he hammered 
Derbyshire's bowlers, hitting 61 
off 50 balls. Somerset had begun 
the day 113 runs behind at 110 
for three. Hardy 24 not out. Rose 
10. These two added 66 for the 
fourth wicket before Rose fell to 
a catch off Newman. 

Rose's departure was also the 
advent of Botham. If perchance 
there were some among those 
seated round the boundary who 
had yet to get a dose look at this 
giant of a man at his belligerent 
and bludgeoning best, then their 
moment came now as he dis- 
patched the bowling to all parts 
of the ground. 

which he bit a six and 10 fours 
off 34 balls. 

I slipped a couple of quick 
peanuts past the vigilant 
Charles, then retreated to a place 
called the Andrew Sandwich 
Room, or something like that, 
where it is possible to watch the 
cricket and eat at the same time. 
A sinister black bag had been left 
unattended there, so I took 
much pleasure in asking Charles 
to remove il 

This operation he supervised 
from a distance, though the hard 
labour was carried out by Julie, 
a pretty and efficient girl from 
(he office. I was pleased to learn 
that several pints and sand- 
wiches were consumed in the 
Long Room during the absence 
of Charles on National Service. 

The cricket went first Surrey's 
way. then swung towards Not- 
tinghamshire. Nottinghamshire 
began at 25 for oik, Robinson 
our. They laboured for. a while ! 
and at lunch, after 47' overs, 
were 120 for four. When John- 
son was out, bowled by Pocock 
for a steady 33. their total was 
only 1 32. The day was fine, but 
the pitch a little lively, and tbe 
outfield still a little damp. They 
were not easy conditions for 

However, Birch and Hadlee 
gradually made them appear so. 
Both were anxious to attack, as 
is their natural style, and they 
had put on more than 100 runs 
before Birch was caught at the 
wicket off Doughty. That was 
244 for 6, in the 77th over. 

Hadlee is an interesting bats- 
man. He is not just a slogger, 
though he does that too. of 
course. He [Hayed a drive to 
raid-wicket off his toes which 
reminded me sharply of another 
great New Zealander. Martin 

Afterwards, tbe fourth batting 
point was duly secured in the 
89th over, and we had some 
vigorous strokes from French, 
though Hadlee languished, and 
was seen to be limping, as he 
approached his 100. This he 
achieved, however, in the 94th 
over. It was an innings which 
has kept Nottinghamshire in the 
match, and must have given 


Three men to watch Swiss close on record 

By Srikvmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

England’s intentions of mak- 
ing a spectacular medals hud in 
the Co mm o n wealth Games in 
Edinburgh became amply clear 
when they dominated the George 
Wimpey-sponsored ABA semi- 
finals at Prestos last month to 
take 20 of tbe 24 places m 
tonight's finals at Wembley 

Scotland corid provide otrfy 
three, Andrew Dociies ty (Cray 
Miners) at flyweight, David 
Anderson (BenahMston), at 
feather and Harry Lawson (St 
Francis) at fight-heavy. This 
was a disappointment after their 
6-6 draw « pnK* England at 
Gateshead m January- Wa)es . 
have just one finalist, Jonathan 

A lsop (Cardiff YMCA), at light- 
. we Iter. 

Not only is tbe England 
achievement a tribute to the 
squad training of their national 
coach, Kevin Hickey, it is also , 
an indication that there is talent 
on the way np. The men to watch : 
are Pud Hodldnson. from 
Kirkby, at featherweight a com- 
pact ilHonl boxer with a 
punch, Darren Dyer, of St 
Monica's, Loudon, who has won 
all his six boots inside the 
distance, and John Lyon, a 
flyweight from Green hall St 
Helens, win is going for bis fifth 
title to equal the achievement of 
I >kJi McTaggart, Terry Waller 

The Swiss yacht UBS Switzer- 
land is set to break tbe record of 
the Whitbread round-the-world 
race despite a hot pursuit from 
pop star Simon le Bon in the 
English yacht Drum, a spokes- 
woman for tbe race said (Reuter 

UBS Switzerland, last re- 
ported as having a 2(X>-mile lead 
over Drum in the final, fourth 
leg of the race, was expected to 
sari into Portsmouth between 
May 8 and 10. 

Tire record, set in 1982 by the 

Dutch boat Flyer, is 120 days, 
six hours and 34 minutes, but 
UBS Switzerland had three days 
and six hours in hand at the end 
of the third let 
Fourteen of tin original 15 
starters are still competing in the 
27,000-mile race. They were last 
reported to be 500 miles south 
of the Azores, an area of 
unpredictable weather, and 
about 1.800 miles from Ports- 
mouth. where the race began last 


and George 

■Mart. Teny 



Qwlwg * gnnrt 

2X (Hit If) 1. AUCE MACRO <G 

Thread, 14 Top Wing. IB Stage Hand. 25 
Is Bate. 33 MsMon (6ft), High Grown 

Moonatmcfc- 12 ran. Hd. iw, U nk. 

— .J. G Harwood at Mborougfi Tata: 
£2.70; £180. £180. £880. 0ft £980. 
CSK £1480. Man 5483sac 
fav* 2. KadU 
Brown Thatch 

RAIL4 Amfaad 

Prasha Mata. 

Dorado. 33 A ba h ao r. AitchN'Bea. Assaar. 
Bunung Bright Crystal Okas. 
FammatL Royal Dynasty. Safcar 
Slap ta Tana. Gundukw, Moore 
19 ran. «L 3L A U, «L L Cum* at 
NewmarfceL Tala: £580: £2.10. £4.10. 
£180. DF: £4090. CSF: £3783. IMn 

38 (1m SB 1. GE9EDEH (T fcffit, 15-8 
On The Plata (S Caution. 9-1). ALSO 
RAN: 6 G000tla(5ei).9 MrMfc. 14 UM In 
Franca, 20 Stohana. 33 Amongst Tto 
Stars (GttiL Da na rbM (4ffiL Dawinraa, 
Quean Ol Baife, Three Times A lady. 12 
ran. 1L2L3L1L3I. M Jarre atNewmaW 
Tola: £280: £1.40. EtAO. £180. Oft 

X40 (1800 Guineas) - fc* lastft, page 


4.15 nn 1. HO Ml CMNH (S Cauttan, 
12-1L2. Odd ftn ap t c t(T Quinn. S-T taw); 
' Bdg Chop (R Guest. 10-1): 4, Emar- 
ncy Pkeilwri WHarns. 1«). ALSO 
r RevaOa. 9 Roysa Boy. 10 Sailor's 
fStfiL U BTOwn Bear Boy (Sth), 
- lad. 16 Crtogo Bid. 20 Mshpour, 
t. MaftuTvocvgdos. 25 Our 
. John Patrick, Parts Match. 17 
ran. NR: Mr Jay-Zee. Hd. 2. *L XL C 
Bmtatn at Nawm a ffi t Tom: £14.10; 
£320. £1.60. £280. £180 Oft £22.10. 
CSFr £6889. Tncast £578.19. 1mm 

480 Cm) 1. SNEAK PREVIEW (C 
Asmussan, il-a 2. WaHwr Parte (S 
Cauttoa 4-1 tin* 3. IBMd Tori (B 
Thomson. 8-1). ALSO RAN: 5 NaMae 
pffi), IT-2 Caffimun. 15-2 Tom Starjx 10 
AB is Revealed (4*). 11 Trapeze AiUsL 25 
Papers Joy. 33 Romana. 50 Sacwcy 
Oaaranoa (wh). 12 ran Nk, KL 1QL 1 W. 
H&L H Candy at Wanoiua. Tote: EEL40; 

£240, eoo, n ja d?T E isza csf : 
£2584. Tricast £15886. 3rrtn 37.17aac. 
Jackpot not woo. Raccpot: £2006 


Going-. (^Md to Ann 
2:15{2m4Fhdle)i, Skiff CovafP Daw, 
9-1): 2. Youn5s»r(5-lta Vaguely Artartc 
125-1). 5-4 fav Wantage. 1l.lL 14 ran. R 
Horttohead. Tot*: £780: £2-10. £180. 
£7.80 DR £11.70 CSF:E478S. 

245 (2m hdkrt 1. Redmav* Ardat (M 
Pitman 4-7 lavfcZ. Music By Son (12-ifc3_ ■ 

(R Guest 7-2 
SMnt-Marrti. 12-1k 3. 
Cauffien. 5-1). ALSO 


WTieu Michael Holding re- pleasure to ail who saw it. They 
appeared to have Botham canght declared at 327 
behind. Somerset's fifth wicket tar 7 dec (M A 

pair had pot on 95 runs in 15 152 ' ^nos 

overs. Hardy, then 73. fell nine A n Butcher c French ops* 11 

runs later, and by the time ?£ 

Derbyshire had rid themselves A 18 

of the remainder for 309. New- TotA j n ^ J 

man emerged as the b«t of the nottinghamshhiE: ftrat M9' 

bowlers taking five for 62. BC Broad c Lynch bFeHtom 37 

At Fenners. Cambridge R T Roaws on c Lwirt b gs rtta .7 

Univereities' rarly throst, which g 

-left Warwickshire loosing a bit p Jonnson 0 FWffiam 33 

sheepish at 17 for four, even- J D Bach e Rchards b Doughty ___ 62 

really faded in the memory as 
Kallkfaarran and Hompage hit 
hundreds as Warwickshire 

*R J Harflaa not out 106 

tSN French 37 

Extras (Rj n.rtjl) 12 

Total (6 wfcl dec. 95.1 oven) 3Z7 

BOWLING: DRay 142-38-2: ERson 167-5- 
43-0: BwtaM 24-7-67-0. Underwood 2T- 
6-56-0: C S Cowdrey 12-3-29-1 : Taylor 7- 

Bonus potats: Kent 3. NorthampeonaNre 


Unipves: C Cook arid K E Pamar. 

Hardy joined in tbe fan and 
signalled his half century by 

Polling Newman for font. At the 
other end, Botham struck four 
consecutive boundaries off 
Warner on tbe way to his 50 in 

moved to 291 for six before c E Hemmirge. K Saartby. J A Afford iM 
declarine. not bet. 

Oxford University were in «•■»«»«-- 

d^aWe at The Parksaoo. and bowunG: ewnra 23-11-32-1: Otwchty 
with wickets falling at regular 24-8-101-2: Pococfc 26.1-5-794 Fefctom 

intervals. Embnre y took four for JB- 1-77-3: J dm '-O^-O.^ 

20 and Hughes three for 18 as f 0 "* ***** a n 

the University were rounded np umpires: J H Hwnpsto* and A G T 
for 122. wmehead. 


Radley warm to task 

By George Chesterton 

n spring sunshine of scarcely great encouragement to t 
revabte warmth. Radley pro- bowlers. 


3.16 an 41 ch) 1. Mg Steal (A Gorman. 
6-1 t ZLord Laurence (7-1 fc 3. A Soy 
Named Scxxx (7-1). 3-1 fav Daictag 
Sovereign.- liL EL 12 ran.* NR: Commonly. 
OueensMy Boy. Royal Mew. Annas 
Mta. P dundaL -Tola: £1020: £1.60. 
S2.50, £350. DR E13A0. CSF: £4589. 
Tncast £24681. 

385 (2m 4f ch) 1. Derby DM? (Mr T 
Thomson Jones, 6-lt 2. Rugy (10-11 tavt 
a Ctoetao Oa «-1). 1V5L7L 17 ran. K 
Batey. Tow £5^J: £18a £120. 080 
□ft £330i CSft £11.72. 

4.15 pm It MU) 1. LBSa London (K 
Buries. 8-1t a Wfrxteor Bond (9-1): 3, 
Chany Sid* (13-1). 11-4 bv Carado. 
WUxL 2L 14 ran. NR: Aral Bank. 
Goundaga Lana. Upham Keta.T Morion. 
Tota: £13.40: £2^. 24.10. £1080 DF: 
£13080. CSft £8324. Tncast £81083. 

485 (3m H ch)1 . GhnBara (K Moonay. 
9-2£ Z Rough EMknab (9-1): 3. Bsrai 
(13-8 fav). 2, 12L 12 ran. NR: Mister Sm, 
Ride 0*ftfe. F WMmml Tota £420: 
£140. £180. £180. Oft £8-40. CSft 
£3789. Tricast £81-44. 

6.16 &n tUty 1. Cloven Rocks (Mr L 
Harvey. 7-4 ta* Z Vufcpn Wxrrior f[2-1t 
3, Royal Ghurfca (Ml 2L nfc. 19 ran. Nft 
the Frozen NoTOl T Foreiar. Tote: £440: 
£183 £270. £4.70. Oft £2183 CSft 

P b capne £30215. 


UNITED '3TATE& American League: 
We taee dey: New York Yanfcass 3. Unntso- 
ta TVans Z Boston Red- Scx.9, SaaBb 
Marmere < xanas CXy Royals 7. Danw 
Tigare & Toronto Blue jm & CaHoroa 
Angsts 4: Chicago WWa Sox B. Bortmors 
Onote 6. Whi*n Bnwws 5. Oakland 
AHs&a 1: Ckwa Und tartans 6. Texas 
Pangar 4. NsUonal Laegoe: Montreal Enxa 
8. Ctaonnaa Rads 0; San Francnco Qlanu 8. 
Pxtstxrgn Paatas S: Houston Aauoa 1. 
PMarMctaa ffiteWS (fc New York Mob 8. 
Adana Brares 1: San Dwgu Padres S. St 
Lous Cartage a Los Angatas Oodgans 4, 



o*Ia (b at o f s e n a a ). CaiL FortWayna 3. Salt 
Lata Cky 2 (aet):Fon Wayne 7. Saa Lake City 

5. SaH Lake Ctw-7. Fori Wmt 4; Fan Wayne 

6. SaM Lata*: Fori Wayne 4 Sox Lata 6 (Fort 

WByna van aortas 4-tJ.i 
Nauccal Laaoua JH 

More radng, pages 29, 32 


£15 (2m 4 mole) 1. Skiff Cora 
9-1): 2Vow>gsnr(&-1):3. Vague 

In spring sunshine of scarcely 
believable warmth. Radley pro- 
duced an - impressive perfor- 
mance nr the frcld. Stormouth- 
Darling. bowling away swingers. 
and Aston bowling left arm 
over, maintained a hostile and 
accurate opening spell for all but 
"9D minutes. Duringlhis period 
they had broken the back of St 
Edwards' batting. 

Only Brown had seemed to be 
at ease, stroking three well- 
timed straight boundaries be- 
fore he was caught behind for 
2<t.~ the' highest score' of ihc 
innings. Lowrey. a 14 year-old 
who was recently awarded the 
MCC Lord’s Taverners prize for 
the most promising under- 1 5 

St Edwards were bowled out 
for 74. and the writing was on 
the wall when Radley went into 
tea with 34 on the board with 
the loss of one wickeL Radley 
took only a further 3S minutes 
to win the match by eight 
wickets. Rennie was top scorer 
of the day with 2S. 

SCORES: St Eomitb 74 (R Sturmouth- 
3 fcr 1tfc Radley 

uuiiiip. lowrey, d _ 

v^^s reccntly awarded toe BlOW tO SUITeV 
MCC Lord s Taverners prize for _ .... ... .r - 

the most promising under- 1 5 £ un *y be wthout their ^teft- 

cricketer. came on to bowl off !j™ ded all-rounder David 
breaks; his bowling showed a 

mat.ure variety and u was with a 71,11 ! t e verdic ? “l* 
slightly quicker ball that he 22“ “* who cxanrnxd his 
deceived Kelly and bowled him. sroin ,n J ur V- 

• The star- performance of the 
day came from Peffi. the Radley Will IQ op3.Hl 
wicketkeeper. -He look two ex- Barcelona - A Scottish selec- 
ccllent catches and made several tion defeated a Spanish selec- 
liEhtning attempts at stumping* . tion 39-17 in a rugbv union 
.off the. medium paw bowlere. match at Cornelia, near Barce- 

By rl* e i ta J TT ^! e 1 j? e ,he ,ona - y^erday. At half-time the 
.quality of. the fielding and gave score was 25-7. 

Derbys v Somerset 


DBBffHRE; Bret Innings (K J Barnett 
64. J E Moms S3; 1 V A Richards bur tar 

SaconO Inrungs 

*K J Ebmatt b Rchards 51 

1 5 Anderson c Botham b Gamer 12 

A HB! not OUt 31 

J E Moms not am 20 

Extras (b 2. to 4. nb 4) ip 

Total (2 wfcts) 124 

FALL OF W ICKETS: 1-41. 2-85. 
SOWl Bfcl: Ffcst tanmgs 

*P M Roebifk ibw b Newtian 14 

N A Felton c Ne w man b Warner 24 

J J 6 Hardy c Morris b Newman 73 

IVARcnardsc Barnett bMortansan 22 

B C Rose c Anderson b Newman 28 

I T Bottom e Roberts bHdkfcng .... 61 

V J Marks Cwv b ftnney 27 

M H Davis not out 3 

J Gamer b Newman 16 

C H Dredge c Roberts b Newman 5 

|T Gard not out 0 

Enrw lb 4. ta16.w3.r» 13) 36 

Total 308 

Score at 100 orere: 300 tar 8 
FALL OF WICKETS; 1-44, 2-6Q. 356. 4- 
152.5*247. 8-256. 7-285. 8-291. 9-306. 10- 

BOWUNG; Homing 24-957-1: Mortens®, 
26-7-54-1; Newman 24.1-7-62-5; Warner 
10* 1-63-1; Rnney 19-5-63-1. 

Bonus pomts: Darbyshve & Somerset 8 
Umpras: H D Bird and B J Meyer. 

Camb U v Warwicks 


226 lor 9 dK (C C ERrton 51 not out) 
Second tanmgs 

M S Ahlovwta tow Parwms 5 

TMLortcHuntoaavbPflraota 0 

DJ Fell notout 13 

PACBfflnoroM l 

Extras (b A to i. •• i) ^ 

Total (2 wkts) Z7 

FAU OF WICKETS: 1-7. 2-8. 


T A Uoyde Pnce b Scott 1 

RIHB Dyw c Gorman b Davidson ..._ 9 

G J Lord c Brown b Dawdaon 1 

T A Munton b Scott ^ 3 

A I KaOctorran c Davidson b Scott 121 

tG W Htanpega b Scott 125 

OLAmKenotout 16 

Extras (to 13. w 2) 15 

Total (6 wfcts dec) 29? 

a M Fenrtra. G J Paraons. G C Smafl aM 

'N Gilford dd not bat 

FAU OF WICKETS: 1-1. 2-8. 3-16. 4-17. 

5-241. 291. 

BOWUNG: Davidson 15-5-28-2: 
24.1-3-100-4. EDoon 11-1-44-0: Gotdaig 
27-5-87-0: Gormen 9-4-21-0: Bad 3-020- 


Umpires: JBVkenstow end KJ Rhodes. 

Oxford U v 


MIDDLESEX FWt tarings 308 tor5d0e(P 
R Downion 128 not out. W N Slack 58) 
Seoond Innings 

C T Radley c Thome b MacLarnon ... 12 

JEEmburey c Taylor b Thorne 0 

S P Hughes c Thome b Law ren ce 21 

ARC Fraser taw MacLaroon 2 

NG Cowans cTooieyb Dawson a 

N F instants not out 23 

R O Buttoer taw D Lawrence .... 8 

WNSBtrtnotoui 0 

Extras ft it.bS, w 1| IS 

Total (6 wfcs dec) 109 

FAU OF wnCKETS: 1-0. 2-38. MB. 4-4a 

5-83. 6-109. 

BOWLING: Rutnagiv 6-4-17-0. Thom 8- 
3-12-1. Mactorfloii IDE-25* Lawrence 
13-4-28* Dawson 6-2-13-1. 

Go Anna Go 
Rtofc. M ftp* 
£1.10. Dft £f 

ale »y Son (12- It 3. 
31. 55L 14 ran. NR: The 
Tote: E1A0; £1.ia £1-50. 
60. CSF: £738. bought to 

OXFORD WOVHt ST T Y : Brat Innings 

COM TootaycGmburaybFmer ... 19 

*D A Thorne c Gattaig bVifcflnnts IS 

T Patel taw b Fraser 12 

M J KUburo not out 9 

RSRutnagurcOowntonbBnburey ^ 1 

to P Taytor b Hucriaa : 3 

TAJ Dawson* Hughes — — 0 

M P Lawrence b Hughes — 0 

Extras ft 4. nb 2f ... 6 

TOW — T22 

FAU OF WCKET5: 1-to 2-10. 349. *- 
89. 5-101. 8-109. 7-Tia 8-116, 9-132. 10- 

•BOWLING: Fraser 17-5-282: WWams 13- 
2-30-1: Emburay 31-21-20-4 . Hugtaa 
1Z1- 4-183: Cowans 6-1-200: Gaffing 2- 

UmpireK R Juflan and DR Stoptord. . 

m last (noce for mast of the trip, Qlvmpics, and 21 seconds in 
ame with a strong run to ratch ^ £ f toe pack, led by Michael 
Ephialtes in tlw ° f Wilson, of Australia. - 

the group three Pnxdu MugueL • . 

at Saint Cloud yesterday. He Wompers, third in the recent 
won by a head with tbe Ghrm-Wevelgem race, was 
favourite. Over the Ocean, who rated an outsider against ad- 

Gotapgood itch) 1. Metatar (S Sherwood. I 
13-5 tavt 2, Rtztortwt (9-ifc a Lanacre 
Gnaw p-lj. IS nm. VW. 31. J Old. Tote. 
£2» £».», £1.10. £1.7a DF: £230. 

&45 (2m hdtey 1, Stem House (B da 
Haan. 5* tavt2. Ntaattash (8®: 3. Super 
Regal (17-^. zi ran. NRiTniei^ TtoGwsy. 
3t7lL Mrs J Honan. Tote: £3.00; £1.60. 
£260. £290. DF: E7.ia CSF: £1457. 

Wantage, warm favourite for 
the Dm more Novices Hurdle at 
Hereford yesterday, was right 
out of the contest when he was 
pulled up before tire third last 
flight. Victory went to tire .9-1 
shot Bluff Cove, whose jockey 
Peter Dever then left to ride at 
Wincanton's evening meeting. 

Hywel Davies, who partnered 
Wantage, returned . with his 
breeches spattered with blood. 
“My mount broke a blood vessel 
and was reluctant to - start, 
obviously sensing something 
was wrong." he said. 

Bluff Cove, after making 
much of the Tunning, was 
beaded at the second last ob- 
stacle by Youngster, but rallied 
again going to the last. 


Classic for 

Frankfort (Reuwr> — Jean- 
Marie Wampers. of Belgium, 
won West Germany's annual 
classic, . the ■ Round the 
Henniogrr Tower, to score tire 
first major victory of bis four- 
vear professional career. 
Wampers, aged 27. broke away 
from a group' of seven riders 
nine miles from the. finish to 
complete the 156 miles in 6hr 

- He finished 19 seconds ahead 
of Canada's Steve Bauer, who 
was second at the Los Angeles 
Olympics, and 21 seconds in 
from of tire-pack, led by Michael 
Wilson, of Australia. • 

W a mpe r s, third in the recent 

Laagaa (WL): FU f nffx dMrtan 

xfc 4. Wttrtnqtoo 3 
feat Wastages! & New York 1; Wssixngm 
Osw Your 3: tow York a Washington 5 
(artt tow Ycrt 4. Wasrtngion Z tow tok Z 
W tal angao n 1 (tow YOrtTwn series 4-a. 
Atoms toMME N s rtfcxd A Mbntort T; 
MotaB&l 3. HarttoRll; Montana) 4, Hartford 1; 
Hentanl Z Montreal 1 (aeft Montreal 5. 
Harttara 3. Harttort 1 . Montreal 0: Msrxraal 2. 
Harttairt 1 (aaQ (Monaraal wm aortas 4-3L 


WUTEn STATES (NBA^ Ptrf-onw: First 
mmd (b ast ailto X Eaatam CsHraimas 
Boston 123. Cnicago 1(M: Boston 135. 
Chicago i3l: Bosun 122. Chicago 104 
(Boston wm snt 3-0t Iffwautae iffi. New 
-terser 107: Mlvtautae Til. tow Jersey 97: 

MtwaiAaa 118. Now Jersey 113 

win sonas 3-0k Washtaoton 9S. _ 

94: Ptatadaftto iO2,-mnn0kxr 97: pfto- 
<Mphrt91. WaslWtotan 86; 118. 

FMHaeXta 111; ffihlilpM 134. Wash 

ion 109 (PMtatfprta wm senes 3*1 A Sarto 
14a DstRrt TZ> Atlanta 137. Drtrort 125: 
OatrtW 10S. Mtana 97; AVanta 114. Datrort 
M3 (AHanra «nn senes 3-1 ). Waatam Cootor- 
anca: Los Angatas Lakers 135. San Amomo 
88: LA Ltoars122. SanAnfbn«94; LA Utan 
1 1 A San Antonio 94 (LA Ltfcara ten senes 3- 
0). Houston 107. Sa cn marto 87: Houston 
111. Sacramomo 1B3. Houston T13. Sacra- 
mento 98 (Houson wki series 3-01: Denver 
133. Porttafl 126: Rorttand 108. Oemer 106. 
Denver ilS. Portland 104: Denver 116 . 
Porttand 112 (Denver vmi senes 3- It Oates 
101. Utah 9&0afles 1 13. Utah 109: Utah 100. 
Dates 98: Danas 117. Utah 113 (Oates wm 
aone»3-ttC taita aiii . a f OMMIna ta :ftao*-o«- 
aovan): Eastem Ooata ite icas Btsran 103. 
Adana 91: Boston 119. Arena 108 (Boston 
lead senes 2-OH PMatoipna i ia Mamutae 
1TZ. Western Conferen ce. Haosmn i26. 
Denver li9. Houston 119. Danvar ift 
(Houston lead senes 2-0): LA Latere *30. 
Mas 116: LA Lakara 117. Oates M3 (LA 
Imre tod sanes 2 - 0 ). 


away ttonara (US m ia ai 

Nawrafitova SS19>150 ~::i: 

S606625: a C Konae-kiscn fWG]. S238JXfo. 

4. H Sufcova (Czi. SS2Q.Q75: 5. P Srinvar 

S914500: & S Graf (WGJ. 5191.800: 7. H 
Mantanva (CzL S149 l 08£ B. W Tumtart 
150 S, K Jordan S99.650: 10. K 

rowl prt* teomamanb ttat 

(Sweltr ,e -— -■ ■*" “ • - 


MADRSfe Man’s 

S««toraaad: L Manar^S?«L^TOn (USL 
W. M: A Maurer (Wfflbl A Stopenek (wgi 
6-1 , 6* T Mnnecka (WG) bt R Aganor (Ha«) 
6-4, 5-7. 7-o. 


L EMIUE CUft Mora 40. Swmoon 38 
toortwa On rtrat maid; teat tan Eta- 




UEFA CUP: Rate, fim tag: Reel Madrid 6 
(Sanchez. GonUto, VWdano Z SwrtNanaL 

Ewarton 0 [Attontonoa: 13^39}; Wrat 
Ham United 2 (Dtakens. Stewart pen). 

tasvnch Ti 

«srs sawn 

Madaran pen! Bury 1 (Ross) ni.790h 
Lincoln Qirt 2 (Warn. Redtoem), Bristol 
Ravers 2 (PwnaB _a (2^231. . 

SCOTTISH PRonm DMfikMb Mather- 

wan o. came 2 . 

tojotc WaKhanvnw 3, Harrow 2. First 
dfoatow: BrornleyJ. St Ataans 0. Second 
tfivtafcm south: Racfcwefl Haste 2, Fffi- 
tham 5: Harahani i. Dortang V. Rutstip 
Manor 1. P aw rafl e fcl 3: SoUhaSo, 

SOUTHERN LEAGUE: Pra eto r dtatatsre 
Atoeffiarti 1. Worcester ft Kings Lynn 1. 
Outtey 0; ShunOied ChartoTOouse 1 
Wetog-3. Hd&rt df wToa 
Rovers Z Btoun 1 ; Sutton Cokffieta t. 

Dunsabta 0. Chatham 1: Rumfip 1. Dover 


M Paia oa 2. Wa abl oOon 3. 

E SffiX SE NIOR LEAGUE: Chetowfard 0. 
BrRMtegua 0. 

l£AGUE: Burton Atann 3. 

CENTRAL UEAGUE: First tMalon: 
JtoMorefiata 0. Evorton ft Hut 0. Bteck- 
Synd d nial BB . Bolton D. 
^oraas ato^aRDteamamZ: 

l'i, K ^^ a . 2 ~o C ^ ann<nT1 T - Wycarae 0 . 
AWtoehant t: Runoom 5. Darttonl 0: 
gUWAN LEAGUE: PUjy-oU, |bM i*— 
Rrogea 1. Andenechr 1 . ^ 

Argentina ft Scagana 3. Norte Koraa^. 


^^uthconibe. aged 20. comes 
from Torquay and must tmv 
visionafiy be added id tire Ins ol 
Britaio's promising recruits. At 

6ft 6*:in he s easy to pick out. 
So bow did we manage to lose 
sight of him in the three years 
since he left school? The answer 
is that for most of that period 
Southcombe has played in 
France, basing himseff at the 
Cap d'Agde resort run by the 
once renowned Pierre Barthes, 
who has been impressed b> 
Southcombe's capacity for 

-Cap d'Agde was like 
Aladdin's cave — fr* courts and 
people to play against . 
Southcombe said yesterday. I 
had a better deal in France than 
m England and could earn some 
money their.” But his Torquay 
coach. Gordon Mudge. 'per* 
suaded him to play more in 

sw LEAGUE: Pra eto r dtatatare 
«h 1. Worcester ft Kirns Lynn 1. 
S'- g > 9 >gt ia n ChaneSouse 1 . 
8 . Hdfind (Mstart: Me Oak 

Cartte 27. PoraypooMS. '■ ^ 


SECOND OtVtaOM: Hmsto ft WtfuMd 

Mansnekj I tatatoi ifi : Batter - ts 

^ ,J 


Goa t ire ie d from page 3 | 


LUWU,ni_ CTeEMA 3T9 »t4/ 
Mirim', Lmr. 

yq fiyigar Sq mtei. 

had led from two furlo 
until being passed by E 

S out versaries. who included Joop 
inltes Zoetemelk, the Dutch worid 

at the distance, onlji another champion, and Italy's Francesco 
head behind. Moser. 



VAdAlgg?™ * .*4AV • 
«v* »owx try Aprav Vj rdn 

■•gsjrasat. w . 

*4'4K» Ann* MtSxaZlJ? 

oaeow m«m i. 

ram aw»r 'r’S' 

N ’'** fti 6 ! 


mump amo 
nkNBUIUUS list See proas 
poors mm Daily I.W..J JT 

^ Frt * s«i 

Oral Card Hot i u— 
* 1 ~*" Png Bmbhi So' fuse 


-r stzsss. 

mmbtbm cRcm 

•"“taftlr. lor nvDiq prrf 

5C *S*«“ J* Ml 4J5 33*6 
*NAacV SS 6 

iSd&uiSJr- ^ 


s television and radio programmes and Peter Davalle 


S.15 Good 

•I ’i'T?; •' t WT r 

JfJjSSS 5 Lynn FaukJ 8 

Wootfa consumer report 
at 8.1 & and a review of the 

640 and 7 

840; a recipe at 845; 
tflteai’s most romantic 
manat ftp* health and 
beauty with Lizzie Webb at 


v 'J®J*Snbok®r.Framas 
eighttoHin the first 
ssmifinal of the Embassy 
JJtorid Professional 

- &$££»«* 

12-30 News After Noon with 
, R»chard Whitmore and 
Moira Stuart. Indudes 
news headttnes with 
. subtitles 1245 Regional 
news. The weather 
prospects come from 
John Kettley. 

1.00 Pebble mat One ' 
presented by Bob 

Alec Gamness: Made 
on BBC 2. 930 



other respects invaluable 
because he was one of the main 
arteries through which the 
. .rich, red btoodofEaflng'e 
success raced and bubbled 
menHy during the golden 40s and 
50s. puts forward me view 
torright th a t fi l ms are made for 
their period, and ought not to 
last longer than thaw period- 
NonsenseJSven the snipnits 

roioi ran 

whimsicality despite the technical 
that have shaken the 
Industry.Theretore, I found it 
mterar Michael Ralph (one of the 
E aling " dub' T sourly 
rwwmng the public school ethic 
at Ealing which, he 
claims. was stupid because it 
prevented the studio from 
growing up. 

and even geology- the human 
face that complements the 
inevitable discussion about why 
the Welsh sing the way they 
do. Such an encyclopedic display 

do.Such an encyclopedic dtsptt 
of knowledge, dispensed 
from a basket 20uft up between 
roars from the gas 
burner, mates this half-hour an 
unc ia s s iflabie delight 

Peter Davalle 

K B s asi 



A3S FBm: The Boy Who 
Wee (1979). Continuing 
the series of films made b 
the Children's Film . 
Foundation, an adventure 

Soper descrfcedtha 
the Ever^odes National 

6.00 News witoSusLawtey and 

Nicholas WltchaB. . 


P .35 London Rue. 

7.00 Wogan.TonUit's guests 
include Robert PomteL^e 

. ; St John, Florence - 
■Desmond, and Joan - ; 

Amaua«8ng,the • • 
BJrmioghanvbased singer 
raturnmg to the music 
scene after a too-long ah 

740 f*ve Got a Secret. Sarah ' 

Drl • i fTvrBfr jii 



Bamber Gascoigne. &25 
Thames news headlines 
330 Sons and Daughters. 
440 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
^fO 4.15 The Blunders. 

Cartoon series. 43S 
ScoobyDoa - - 
450 T7»e Baa. The first of a 
new pop video and 
teenage fashion hands 

Temple and Usa 
This afternoon, Simon le 

■ Bon is interviewed; and 
two teenagers go behind 
the scenes of the making 
of Arcadia's new pop 

5.15 Princesa Anne and Her 
Love of Horses. The 

Princess ta&s to reporter 

- Mike Field about the sport 
she adores and her duties 

- as President of til a 
Windsor Horse Trials. 

545 News with Carol Barnes. 

640 Thefi O'clock Show. 

750. Me and MyGnt Domestic 
comedy series about a 

. . widower and his daughter. 

plot 30 times smatter than 
the average British farm 
1144 Economics: 
choosing 1255 Ceefax 
■ 124# Voluntary workers in 
the community. . . 

12.55 World Snooker. David 
take introduces further 
• action from the Cmcibie 
- Theatre, Sheffield. 

138 Daytime on Two: 

Microel e ctronic s. counting 
and remembering 240 

The problems ofunder- 

age drinking 230 English: 
three books about young 
people who feel they have 
to struggle to make their 
way infra. Ends at 240. 

340 World Snooker. David Icke 
introduces coverage of 
frames nine to 15 of the 
second semifinal. 

535 Fifen: Where the Red Fern 

1 Grows (1974) starring 
James Whitmore ana 
Beverfy Garland. TwbNs 
year old Bitty saves the 


730 Murder, She Wroter ■ 
Reflections of the Mind. 
Jessica comes to the 
assistance of a friend. who 
fears for her sanity. When 
. . the woman’s htcband is 

kitted in a car crash, 

. Jessica. comes to tha . 

. . condusioa that their . 
. innocent as she seems. 

and the Charles Haktsisck 
Handicap (4*1$. 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner is challenged by 
Eddie Murphy from 

540 Car 54, Where Are You?* 

Vintage American comedy 
series about two hapless 
New York policemen. 

530 The Chart Show. The 
latest video and indvfdua! 
chart news. 

6.15 RevfcL Gary Crowley and 
Jon Stephen Fink review 
the week's best videos. 

630 Sofid8out, presented by 
JuUe Roberts and Chris 
FOrbes. The guests are 
The Cool Notes, Jaki 
Graham, Precious WBson, 
and 52nti Street. 

740 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and AJastair 
Stewart Weather. 

740 Book Chotefe Peter Porter 
discusses Andrew 
Motion's, The Lamberts. 

840 What the Papers Say. 
WttfTHugo Young o f The 

8.15 BanthmgFBc. A magazine 
programme for Asian and 

. Afro-Caribbean viewers, 
presented by Darcus 

Among the items this 
. weeks a visit to Bradford 
to meet the candidates in 
the toed elections and to 
find out the issues that 
concern the city's 
coloured doctorate. 

940 The Cosby Show, m this 

830 Going Places. CSve 
Jacobs and his team 
cover the world of travel and 

' 7.00 News 

■ 7.05 The Arehers 

730 Pick erf the Week. 

Presented by Glyn 

S30 Stop Press. Nigel Rees 
examines the 
newspapers this week. 

845 Any Question? Kenneth 

Clarke, QC, MP, John 
Mortimer, QC, Sk Anthony 
Farrar-Hocktey and Dick 
tavema. QC. tackle Issues 
rateed by our audience in 
Streattey on Thames, 

930 Latter from America, by 
AJastalr Cooke. 

845 Kaleidoscope. With 

Moriay.lndudes c omm e n t on 
the Jimmy Boyte book 
The Gate Fever, the film 
Jewel of the NBa, and 
Kora at the Traverse. 

10.15 A Book at Bedtime: (Mr 
Wakefield's Crusade 
(101 Reader John Rows 
1039 Weather 

1030 The World Tonight 

1140 Todayfrt Parliament 
11.15 The Financial world 

1130 Week Ending (s) A 
satirical review of the 
week's news. 

1240 News: Wpather. 1233 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales onM as above 
except: 5 55040am Weather 
Travel. 1140-1240 For 
Schools 145340pm For 
Schools 540-545 PM 
(continued). 1230am-1.10am 



-. week s borough elections. 
Fofowed by LWT news 
' headfines. ' 

1140 South of Watford. Hugh 
Laurie examines London’! 
renaissance as a Jazz 
. City. 

1130 ShbotPoofiAsentifmafof 
the John Bull Bitter 
London Pool 

1230 Hawaii Fhre-O. A friend of 
McGarrett's accktentiy 
shoots a navy shore 
Patro&nan. (r) 

130 tfight Thoughts. 

otersPave the chance to 
• • question pcttiticians on: - . 
their plans for London 
after tne May 8 councB 

630 Gardeners? Worid. Pater, 

’ Smith ^ves a sneak . 
preview ofthe new range 
of Alstrariierfa hybrids, 
from the Peruvian By 
family .that are due on the 
market ties year. The 
ftardyplant produces up to 
20 blooms each year and 
has no known (fiseases. 

840 Worid Snooker. Frames 
15 to 22 of the first 
’semifinal. Introduced by 
David Vine. .- 

940 Did You See~? Lindsay 
Anderson, David Jessel 
and Oaks Tomalnjoai 
Ludovic Kennedy and 
comment on Hemat Onra 
aThieL.?, and Zastrozzi. 

1035 N ewsnMd 1130 
m Mm 

1135 Worid Snooker. Further 

1245 Weather 
140 The World at One: News 
140 The Archers. 145 

240 NOwsflftoman's Hour. 
Includes an interview 
with writer Stan Barstow. 
340 News; Joseph Andrews 

SM'" ns!p " t 

440 News 

445 The News HuddBnes. 

Roy Hudd with June 
WmtfiekJ and Chris Emmett 

430 Kaleidoscope. Last 
night s edition, 
repeated. Includes comment 
on The Winter's Tale at 
the RSC. Stratford, and the . 
London institute's fast 
exhibition (r) 

540 PMiNewsTmagaane. 

540 Shippings^ 


640 News; Financial Report 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

end of Radio 3 
645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Morning Concert 

Dieskau and Richter), Sonata 
m D. D B50: 

Ashkenazy, ptena 

10.00 The Devil's Own Music: 
Tartini (Sonata in G 
minor Amoyal, Moses and 
Farina), Stravinsky 
(concert suite: The Soldier's 

1045 Langham Chamber 

Orchestra (under Georgs 
Malcolm). With Alexander 
BaHHe (cdlo). Handel 
(Parts nope overture), 
Bocchermf (Cello 
Concerto No 6), Haydn 
(Symphony No 12) 

1130 MUSIC for 

flute. vfola.liarp 3 ilayed by 
Sebastian Bell, John 
Granam, Stoned 
Williams. Debussy (Sonata). 
Hoffmeteter (Duo In F.tor 
flute and viola). Glazunov 
(Begy for viola.harp. Op 
44). Rawsthome (Suite for 


1230 Louis Spohr BBC 
Scottish SO (under 
Norman Del Mar). With Valery 
Gradow (violin). Lynda 
Russell (soprano). Part one. 
Grand Concert overture 
inF, WoO, 1819, and VfoNn 
Concefto No 7, Op 36. 

1814. 140 News 
145 Spohrpert two. Scene 
and ana: E mi lasd ooai ? 

Op 71, and Symphony No 8 
145 Medtner Piano Musks 
Malcofen 8 inns plays 
Three Pieces, ap 31 . and 
Sonata Ballade In F 
sharp. Op 27 
235 Royal Liverpool 
PJmhannorvc (under 
Groves), with Liverpool 
Philharmonic Choir. Bgar 
(Part Song: The Snow), 

Bridge (Suits: The Sea) 

245 TheCoolidge 

Commissions: MaSnero 
(String Quartet No V), Barber 
(Hermit Songs: Leontyne 
Price^oprano), Copland 
(Ptano Quartet) 

440 Choral Evensong: from 
Durham CathedraL 446 

540 Mainly for . 

Pleasure: recorded 

music, presented by Geoffrey 


830 Guitar Music: VlatfirruT 
Mikulkp. Works by 
Jelinek, Tarrega and 
Segovia's arrangement 
of Bach's Partita in D minor, 

740 The Art oF Margaret Pries 
(3y. Schubert (Der Hirt auf 
dem Felsen. D 985 .with 
Brymerxiarinet and 

Lock hart piano). Mtissorgsky 
(The Nursery song cycte) 

730 The Works: sottloquy 
writtervand performed, 
by Marcella Evaristi It) 

840 Brighton Festival 86: 

Dresden Phttharmonic 
Orchestra (under Jiri 
Bernard Roberts (piano). Part 
one. Beethoven's 
overture and suite from the 
baUet The Creatures of 
835 Marx and the 


1140 Nocturne: Lalande ■ 
(Sfrifontes pour les 
souperedu no), Bochsa 
(Nocturne in F). Gounod 
(Serenade). Massenet 

Baker, mezzo), Ropartz 
(Nocturne No a 

u'Aroo,pano), Faure (Claire 
de luna: Janet Baker). 
Messiaen (Les reesusettes et 
ie chant del'etoJe 

1147 News.1240 Closedown. 
VHF; open University. 

From 635am to 845. 1 
and wit in Twelfth Night 

Radio 2 

On medtem wave. For VHF 
variations, see Radio 1. 
News on the hour (except 
,B40pm. ■ 

4.00am Peter Dickson 
540Co6n Be 

ll.OOJimmy Young 


, rjV r4ui(: 





IS i Si 

1235 WmsMe Test A repeat of 
theprograrwne shown on 
Tuesday featuring, among 
others, Pet Shop Boys, 
mekingtheir live television 
debuLtnds at 130. 

even with her. 

1040 WeS Befog: Dreto 

Disease. A documentary 
about waterborne 
dseflsfs, which are on the 
Increase in Britain. 

1130 59m: Get Roffln’ (1980). A 
documentary about the 
rotter skating craze that hit 
New York in the early 
Eighties. Directed by J 
Terrance MrtchelL 

1240 Ffan: After hours* (1961) 

A jazz film starring 
- Coleman Hawkins and 


m m 


Pnsooer. Ceu Stock H IIJOF&tk B&m Atoton Msnwt 7JMJ0 Kn«« RKtor 
Tenor I.ISwn Company, 1030 Central WoBkentt 1200 Ftm: They ■ 

Closadowa Cams From Beyond Space 1 JSm 



TSW A» London except IJOpn 

News 1 ariooRkn: Rate wo 
Larane 3ZS-4J» Voung Doctors 
5.1S-&45 Blockbusters SJQ Today South 
West 635 Action South West 830 
WtaTs Ahead 7.00-7.30 AUon Usdcat 
103Z Gardens for AH 11 ,00 V 
1235am Postotet Oosedonwi. 

Behind the Hsadfrws 330^00 

Ftaptieion lUtaa Closedown. 

GRANADA ** «- 

ynwww cept iaaopm -1 jb 

SunwaM3P Granada Repeats 130 
Weak in View 230530 Hotel 330430 

ff, » 

830TJ Hooker 1030 Calaoralion 1130 
V 1240am Art Blakey at Ronntt 
Scott's l.lSCtoseocrNit. 


130 Low Story 230-330 Harvest 
Jazz 5.15-5^5 Connections 630 North 
Tonight 730 Afcwn Market 730-830 

Kenny 1030 CroBstiia 1130 Rbn: The 
Gut 1230m News Closedown. 



mwx a m oi ase ane/esa 

CMCL4CA cmou 351 57*2 
king* Road iNeenu nWr 
smana Sou CARMEN JOi. 
Film at 1 25. 430 7. AS. MUST 
END WED JO APfr. From 
THLUS kurcHN^'t RAN (15k 
Film at l Ja 4«a 73S Scats 
Bookaow lor eve pert. Acce» 

cmtzmt MATFASt Cocnm St 
aee 3757 fits cat 2a Kr 7 Day 
cc 240 7EPO 10*8 FW Mane 
smm. Ontioeti EWen. J6* 
(Vnch m A ROOM MOTH A 

view (nq) ram «t 1.30 inm 

Sum 5J&6.10 A 8 40 Scat* 
at E4 50 in advance tor 
(MO nett daily A- 6.10 on Sal * 

CUKZOK WEST END Siaftessttfv 

AltOUt W| 49 4S0S. FV9t 

<Bko Feei Kurouuat RAN ilfti 
See Prrft dad>- at S-tfi. 6 15. & 

CATC cmp iA. Nctnmiwfl ca* 
7F7 4045. DoMF «»««>- BH* 
• IS' 200 5.SO &2S. 7.10. 
900. late Nte» Fn & sat 
SI. IS. Advanve Bookings. 

CMrimied an pape 30 


FRIDAY MAY 2 1986 



Midway Lady 
storms home 

Midway Lady, the filly origi- 
nally chosen last week by 
Lester Piggott for his come- 
back to the saddle, is now 3-1 
favourite for the Oaks after 
staying on too strongly for 
Maysoon and Sonic Lady in 
the General Accident 1.000 
Guineas at Newmarket 

Ridden to perfection by Ray 
Cochrane, the filly on whom 
Piggott won the Prix Marcel 
Boussac at Longchamp last 
autumn, was brought with a 
Storming late run to win by 
threequarters of a length. Only 
a short head separated the 
Michael Stoute stable compan- 
ions in second and third place. 

This was a first classic 
triumph not only for the 29- 
year-oid jockey, but also for 
Ben H anbury, the Kentucky- 
bred filly's trainer. “The two 
best judges in the country, 
Lester Piggott and Pat Eddery, 
both told me last week that she 
would win," said the trainer 

Talking about the abandon- 
ment of his original intention 
to bypass the Guineas for the 
Musidora Slakes at York, 
Hanbury explained,“the filly 
worked really well at Yar- 
mouth last week and showed 
me that she'd come to bersdC 
Lester came round on Friday 
night and agreed to ride her, 
but unfortunately later decided 
to honour other commitments. 

I told him last season that he'd 
ride my first classic winner for 
me, but sadly be decided that it 
was time to go." 

The always dapperly- 
dressed Hanbury, aged 39, has 
now been training at Newmar- 
ket for 12 years. Two seasons 
ago he saddled Kala Dancer to 
win the Dewhurst Stakes, but 
the colt subsequently disap- 
pointed as did the trainer’s 
other two-year-old star that 
season, the filly Kashi Lagoon. 

“It's fantastic to have 
trained a classic winner at 
last," be continued, “there was 
so much pressure last season 
when everything went wrong.** 
Hanbury than paid tribute to 
the winning rider. “Ray is the 
jockey’s jockey. He’s a real 
professional I went a fixriong 

By Michael Seely 

or two down the course last 
night, then I suddenly saw Ray 
with his white dog. He’d 

walked the whole of the Row- 
ley Mile." 

In 1977 Cochrane became 
temporarily too heavy for the 
flat. He took out a licence to 
ride jumping and had 12 
winners over hurdles. He 
made his comeback in 1979 
and bit the headlines in 1984 
when winning the St James's 
Palace Stakes, the Sussex 

Big race result 

GUINEAS STAKES (Group 1: 3- 
y-O fiMes: £101,244: 1m) 

MIDWAY LADY b f Alleged - 
Smooth Bore (H Ranter) 9 0 R 
Cochrane (10-1) 1 

Maysoon b f Shergar Triple First 
(Maktoum AJ Maktoum) 9 0 Y 
Saint-Martin (15-2] 2 

Sonic Lady b f Nureyev - 

Stumped (SfeMi Mohammed) 90 
W R Swtnbum (6-4 fev) 3 

ALSO RAN; 6 Embla (5th), 9 Lady 
Sophie. 14 Ate Matibe (4th). 20 
Grande Couture. 25 Dear M 
33 Rose Ot The Sea, Tender 
Care, 50 Spun Gold, Weight fn < 
(6th). 100 Bridesmaid. 200 Impro- 
vise. Vofcda. 15 ran. W. sh hd, 
2KI, XI. B Hanbury at Newmarket 
Tote: win £12.10; £2.40, E2L80, 
£1.10. DF: £23.00. CSF: £70-26- 
Imln 41.54sec. 

Stakes and the July Cup on the 
brilliantly fast Chief Singer. 

Talking about the race after- 
wards Cochrane said'“I was 
surprised when Waiter 
Swinbum didn’t take Sonic 
Lady over to the for rail. I 
started to move up at halfway' 
and made my effort at the 
Bushes. When Midway Lady 
hit the rising ground she really 
flew. She's certain to win the 

Apart from the winner, Son- 
ic Lady and Maysoon were the 
only other pair that looked 
likely to succeed as they du- 
elled for the lead racing down 
into the Dip. Michael Stoute 
had now had the unfortunate 
experience of having watched 
eight fifties finish in the first 
four in the 1.000 Guineas in 
the past few years. 

“Sonic Lady stayed the mile 
aft right," he said philosophi- 

cally afterwards “but I'm going 
to wait for a bit before deciding 
whether Maysoon wfl] go for 
the Oaks." 

Midway Lady was bred at 
the Shadowlawn Stud at Mid- 
way in Kentucky and was sold 
for $42,000 at the Keeneland 
September sale. She ran in the 
colours of her breeder, Harry 
Ranier, who repurchased the 
filly after the auction. 

Earlier in the afternoon we 
had seen another live candi- 
- date for the Oaks in Gesedeh, 
whom Tony Ives brought with 
a well-timed run to beat 
Sanriki by IMt lengths in the 
Pretty Polly Stakes. 

“This must be the best three- 
year-old filly I’ve ever 
trained," said Michael Jarvis, 
the winning trainer, "she’ll 
sow go straight to Epsom and 
I'm sure She’D stay a mile and a 

-■ Gesedeh belongs to Ahmed 
A1 Maktoum, the youngest of 
the five brothers from Dubai, 
and half an hour earlier Sheikh 
Mohammed, the third mem- 
ber of the quintet from the 
United Arab Emirates, had 
watched his maroon and white 
colours carried to victory by 
Nino Bibbia m the Hastings 
Maiden Stakes. "This is a 
pretty good colt," said Luca 
Cumani with justification a£ 
terwards, “but I'm going to see 
how he comes out of this race 
before deciding on his future. 

In the opening May Stakes 
Guy Harwood showed another 
possible candidate for the Der- 
by when Gievifte Starkey rode 
Ailez Milord to a head victory 
over All Haste: Considering 
that the winner was conceding 
131b to the highly regarded 
runner-up, this was a useful 

“I’ll probably run him in the 
Predominate Stakes at 
Goodwood to see if he's good 
enough for the Derby,” said 
Harwood. The Pulborough 
trainer then confirmed Ural 
Bakharoff will have his first 
outing of the season in the 
Lingfidd Derby Trial tomor- 
row week. 

Moiexadngpage 29. 


The champion from nowhere 

By Srikmnar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

Everyone in British boxing 
is pinching himself, everyone, 
except, that is, Dennis 
Andries. the new World Box- 
ing Council light-heavyweight 
champion, and his manager, 
Greg Sieene. who were confi- 
dent about the outcome, and 
the former world champion, 
J.B.— which used to stand for 
Just Bad but now, as some wag 
put it. Just Beaten — William- 
son, of United States, who is 
kicking himself 
After aft, you do not get 
world champions popping up 
like that in Britain from 
nowhere. Where was the bally- 

hoo? Everyone thought Frank 
Bruno would be the next 
Briton to follow Barry 
McGuigan. Those of us who 
have seen Andries in his less 
heady days when he was doing 
the rounds of smaller hafts 
with his old friends. Bunny 
Johnson and Tom Co llins 
(whom he met five times), 
would never have imagined 
that sheer dogged ness and self- 
belief would be enougb to win 
him the world title, even less 
that options would shower 
down on the 32-year-old 
Guyanan-born Londoner so 
that he would need a week to 

This man is 
concealing a killer. 

After keeping you a live for years, your 
heart can be the very thing that kills you. 

Thatswhythe research workfunded 
by the British Heart Foundation is vital. 

Because only by identifying the 
causes of all forms of heart disease can 
we hope to prevent it 

And stop heart disease from claiming 

anothervictim i 1 

every four 

Tb find out 
what you can 
do to help us 
stop Britain's 
biggest killer, 
return the 
coupon today. 

help us, the 
more well 
find out 



I Pteaseserwrw more inlonnaoon on t*K wont I 
■ ofttwBHF.aMceRrnewoutctietvwsinwndi 
I icoumnee 9 

f senattiisaMJonnjtneBmishHe^ftiunowioo 
1 «BCJgiK*sttr Pace. London wihojh, 

I U1» - - - - 



i British Heart Foundation 1 

L _^The heart researm chanty _j 

c« enmmeaatam zDoazooMRswMOayrtavMwefk 

think over the best one. 

Andries can meet the World 
Boxing Association champi- 
on. Marvin Johnson, or the 
International Boxing Federa- 
tion champion, Slobodan 
Kacar, of Yugoslavia, to unify 
the titles, or be can take on 
Jean-Marie Emebe, of the 
Cameroon, the No 1 WBC 
challenger, or face Tony 
Sibson, the Commonwealth 
middleweight champion from 
Leicester. Sibson would have 
to be moved up into the light- 
heavy top 10 by the WBC to 
challenge Andries. But, as No 
5 in the WBC middleweigbts, 
this move should not be 
difficult It has been done by 
others like John Mogabi, 
Wilfredo Gomez. Alexis Ar- 
guefto and others. 

Sibson seemed surprised at 
first at the suggestion at the 
Press conference to hear what 
the world champion had to 
say, but then like a true pro 
recovered quickly to say: “If I 
cheat a couple of days on my 
diet I can make light-heavy- 
weight Anyway I train with 
fight-heavyweights and heavy- 
weights all the time.” 
Andries's answer to all this 
speculation is: “Bring em alL 
Hi be there." 

The defence against Sibson 
is the one uppermost in the 
mind of Frank Warren, who 
put on the light-heavyweight 
championship at Picketts 
Lock, north London, in con- 
junction with Don King, the 
big American promoter. It 
would be the first all-British 
woridtitle bout since Jim Watt 
met Charlie Nash six years 

There should be a bigger 
crowd than the 2.000 or so at 
Picketts Lock. “Dennis should 
have had a better turnout than 
that in his own country. When 
we meet I bet it will be a good 
crowd,” Sibson said. Warren 
added: “I could pul it on at the 
National Exhibition Centre, 

The man left out of all these 
plans was Williamson. With 
his left eye half closed be 
pleaded fora rematch. “I hope 
he will give me a chance like I 
gave him by bringing my title 
to his country," be said. He 
would box differently next 
time. He would listen to his 
comer and box from a 

What boxing Williamson 
was allowed to show by 
Andries was a delight, espe- 
cially his inside work and his 
body shots. Andries followed 
the right strategy by sitting on 
him from the start. No doubt 
in a rematch the champion 
would do it again and with 
greater authority. 

Morefioxing, page 30 


•. { i N •' ’w i ■ ■ -- *• 

Midway Lady (right) takes command from Maysoon (left) and Sonic Lady (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 


Atletico do 
their bit 
for Spain 

With Real Madrid - having 
gone a long way to winning the 
UEFA Cup on Wednesday 
and Barcelona appearing in 
the European Cup final next 
week, Atletico Madrid will be 
doing their bit to ensure 
Spanish domination of this 
season’s club tournaments 
when they meet Dynamo Kiev 
in the final of the Cup 
Winners' Cup in Lyon 

The Kiev team arrived in 
Paris on Wednesday refusing 
to discuss the Chernobyl nu- 
clear disaster and it remains to 
be seen whether their perfor- 
mance wfll be affected. 

It promises to be a fascinat- 
ing encounter, not least as a 
guide to individuals' form for 
the coming Worid Cup. 
Atletico. with a lower profile 
than their neighbours Real or 
Barcelona, have two players 
who are in the Spanish squad 
for Mexico, Tomas and 
Setien, a defender and forward 
respectively. At 28, Setien is 
something of a late developer, 
having only realized his po- 
tential this season when join- 
ing Atletico from Raring 

Much of their attacking 
hope, however, will be pinned 
on a Uruguayan, Da Silva, one 
of Spain's leading goal-scoreTS 
this season and an impressive 
performer during his 
country’s recent match against 
Wales in Wrexham. 

Dynamo, however, are like- 
ly to offer formidable resis- 
tance. In Demianenko, 
Baltacfaa and Bessonov they 
have three defenders who 
between them can boast more 
than 130 international caps.* 
Kuznetsov, recently intro- 
duced into the Soviet side, 
completes their international 
back four. 

In terras both of experience 
and status, however, one Dy- 

Dalglish cautious 
about the double 

Liverpool’s 2-0 victory at 
Leicester City on Wednesday 
night and Everton’s 1-0 defeat 
at Oxford United has given 
the Anfidd dub a dear sight of 
the FA Cup and League 

If they beat Chelsea at 
Stamford Bridge tomorrow 
Liverpool will win the league 
title whatever Everton or West 
Ham United, who won 2-1 at 
home to Ipswich Town, might 
do. And, if they defeat Everton 
in the FA Cup Final a week 
later, Kenny Dalglish will 
become the first player-man- 
ager to carry off the double — 
and in his first season in 

Bui Dalglish bad this cau- 
tious comment yesterday: 
“Every game we have played 
recently has been like a cup 
final and Chelsea on Saturday 
will not be any different" 

• Alan Mullery has con- 
finned that he wants to return 
as manager of Brighton and 
Hove Albion following the 
dismissal of Chris Catflin after 
less than three years in charge. 

Mullery, who is out of work 
having left a printing compa- 
ny. said: “I'm very interested 
indeed about coming back to 
Brighton. I fed I have a dose 
affinity with the fans and 
believe I have plenty to offer. I 
will be applying right away." 

Mullery led Brighton into 
the first division for the first 
lime in their history in 1979 
and was in charge for five 
years until he resigned in June 
1981 after a row ova- staff 

Brighton, who have had 
seven managers in the last 14 
years, are advertising the post 
and Bryan Bedson, the chair- 
man, said that they have 
nobody in . particulars 
minrLAnother candidate for 
the job might be George 
Petchey, Cattlin's assistant 
The former Milhvall and Ori- 
ent manager has lived locally 
for years, and will be in charge 
of the team for the last match 
of the season at Hull City. 

Cattlin had one year of his 
contract remaining. He had 
said recently he would give it 
one more season and resign if 
Brighton failed to win promo- 
tion to the first division. Hie 
board were not prepared to 
wait that long. 

Brighton have lost seven 
out of nine games, dropping 
out of the promotion race in 
the process. Cattlin was frus- 
trated by having no money to 
spend on team strengthening. 
He has a flourishing gift arm 
rock shop on Brighton sea 
front and maintained be did 
not depend on football for his 

Smith’s plan to beat 
the hooligans 

Liverpool's chairman, John 
Smith, yesterday revealed his 
plan to beat the bootigans 
when English dubs are even- 
tually allowed back into 

He wants all supporters 
barred from travelling abroad. 
Speaking at a Sports Writers' 
Association lunch In London, 
he said:"I also want to see the 
of aft the European 

porters only e? when they are 
guaranteed a ticket. ■ 

Tbe trouble makers go with- 
out a ticket and they wiD be in 
tbe minority. I would strongly 
advocate this system. We most 
eradicate this cancer is oar 

Smith stressed that there 
has been far less hooliganism 
in football this season 

which won this competition in 
1975. Blokhin scored in that 
final against Ferencvaros and 
his two goals against Dukla 
Prague in the fust leg of the 
semi-final showed that at 33. 
his touch has not left him. 

However, if Blokhin is to be 
at his sharpest he will need to 
have recovered from a thigh 

Lyle gives 

Sandy Lyle will be playing 
in the Whyte & Mackay PGA 
golf championship at Went- 
worth from May 23 to 26 
(Mitchell Platts writes). There 
was a doubt about Lyle’s 
participation because, as 
Open champion, he now com- 
mands appearance money and 
Whyte & Mackay had stressed 
that they would be following 
the PGA European Tour poli- 
cy of not paying any. 

Lyle, however, has decided 
that he will support what is 
considered to be the most 
prestigious tour event. He 
says: “I'm delighted to be able 
to say that I’m playing.” 

AC Milan deal 

Milan (AP)-AC Milan, 
keen to strengthen their squad 
for next season's Italian foot- 
ball league, have lost two 
players mid gained one. (n an 
exchange deal, the Atalanta 
forward, Roberto Dona do ni, 
hay joined Milan; Aialanta 
have received Giuseppe 
Incocciati, Andrea Icardi and 
an undisclosed amount in 
cadi. Milan, recently taken 
over by tbe television tycoon, 
Silvio Berlusconi, say they 
plan to keep their British 
players, Ray Wilkins and Mark 

trouble we have seen in the 

It was the riot at last 
season’s liverpooWovartus 
European Cup final in Brus- 
sels which prompted the ban 
on English chi b s, but Smith 
said: “If Liverpool had played 
Jnveatas at home, all tire 
tickets wonld have been sold in 
this country.” Genuine sup- 


Drained: chance of new role 

Dunnett again 

Jack Dunnett, who is set to 
be replaced as president of the 
Football League, has been 
handed tbe opportunity to 
remain on the influential man- 
agement committee. Tbe Don- 
caster chairman, lan Jones, has 
decided to step down as repre- 
sentative of the third and 
fourth division clubs and has 
put forward Dunn cii’s name as 
his replacement 

consortium beaded by the rice- 
chairman, Tony Clemo, yes- 
terday dismissed the dab's 
manager, Alan Durban, who 
stiB had 17 months of his 
contract to run. An “amicable" 
settlement was said to have 
been reached between tbe two 
parties. Tbe dub is doomed to 
relegation to tbe fourth divi- 
sion next season. 

race was won by tbe Norwe- 
gian. Jorann Teigen. 

Frost mission 

Jakarta — The AH England 
badminton champion, Morten 
Frost, will lead Denmark's 
campaign for a bronze medal 
in thelliomas Cup work! team 
championships when his coun- 
try take on Malaysia here 
today after yesterday’s test (fay 
(Richard Eaton writes). To- 
morrow Indonesia take on 
China in the Uber Cup final for 
women; Sunday’s Thomas 
Cup final wiD also he between 
Indonesia and China. 

Protests win 

Lucerne (Reuter) - Lucerne 
yesterday withdrew its bid to 
stage the 1995 winter Olym- 
pics foflowing protests by 

Magath to quit 

Hamburg (Reuter) - The 
West Ger man midfield player, 
Felix Magath. will retire rater 
the Worid Cup football finals in 
Mexico to become the business 
manager of bis dub, Hambotg. 


Pink puts 
on the spot 

By Sydney Frisian 

Tbe strain of a long tourna- 
ment can also tell on a referee. 
Tony Knowles, who was in the 
middle of a break against Joe 
Johnson in their Embassy 
world championship . semi-fi- 
nal at Sheffield yesterday, 
noticed that the pink ball 
which he had potted was on 
the wrong spot Tbe bail was 
safely restored to its normal 
place and Knowles went on to 
make 79, which gave him a 
lead of 2-1 in a scheduled 31- 
frame match due to be com- 
pleted tomorrow , 

Knowles and Johnson be- 
gan what looked like a re- 
enactment of tbe Professional 
Players’ tournament final in 
1983 when Knowles won 9-8 
in a tense finish. Johnson 
replied to Knowles's break of 
79 yesterday with a 31 to level 
the scores at 2-2. At the end of 
the day Johnson led 4-3. 

Johnson, the surprise pack- 
et of the tournament, is due 
fin- his big pay day. He is 
assured of at least £21,000, 
which is almost as much as his 
earnings for the season so far. 
His highest cheque this season 
was £6,750 in foe Mercantile 
Credit Classic. He was by no 
means overawed by the occa- 
sion yesterday, nonchalantly 
doubling a red in the second 
frame in the process of malting 

a break of 44 to level at 1-1. 

Cliff Thorbum, of Canada, 
who qualified to meet Steve 
Davis in the second semi- 
final, said that so far he had 
not been extended and that he 
bad become stronger and 
stronger wkh every match. He 
added that he was happier 
with this situation, instead of 
beginning strongly and blow- 
ing himself out. He watched 
tbe awesome 13-5 demolition 
of Jimmy White by Davis and 
is left with no illusions about 
tbe magnitude of his task in a 
match which also ends tomor- 
row . 

Saat-HNAL: J Johnson 
leads A Knowles (End). 4-3 
69-9, 32-83, 59-17,1 1- 

RNAL& S Davis (Eng) bt J White 
=ngL 1 3-5 (138-0, Bt -28, 11-84,66- 
1.12-0, 56-75, 0-82, 122-1. 69-1, 
«M3. 74-50, 117-8, 0-1 11 j81-0, 41- 
72, 52-38. 77-23, 54-40). A Knowles 
' WK Stevens (Can). 13-9 ( 82 - 
1-33, 64-7, 44-78, &33. 2-75, 
34-82,6-90, 80-23, 40SZ 36-97, 57- 
7, 122-1, 72-2. 26-82, 47-76, 864. 
69-27. 33-63, 92-13, 6^57. 68-1). 

The ting 



; Ossie AnSes always makes 
me fed sad- Perhaps this is 
because be always looks so 
h a ge- cye d. little and lost on 
the footbal l field — until, with 
an are of infinite regret, be 
carves open the opposing de- 
fence. Last night he had a 
testimonial g ,BW> i Tottenham 
Hotspur against brier Milan, 
and I hope It made him a 
fortune. For Ardfles also 
makes me feel guilty. He has 
had such a hornMe time ever 
since tbe affray in the Falk- 
iands — and it is all our faniL 

When Artfiles came to play 
for Spots after tbe 1978 Worid 
Cup — which he woo with 
Argentina- he arrived speak- 
ing fractured Eagfish, pfaying 
joyful football, and became 
renowned as the man who pot 
tike ting m “Tottinghain". But 
m the past three years his 
fnnfhgTTmg life has been spec- 
tacularly short of tiBg. 

“Only players who are un- 
happy-get iqjond,** Ardfles 
said in his palmy days with 
Spears, when every Saturday 
was a day full of ting, zing and 
delight. Bnt after a year of 
unhappy exile a Paris at the 
end of the tmdedared Falk- 
lands War he returned to 
Spires and has been perpetual- 
ly mjared. 

On tire rare occasions that 
he has played he has been 
booed with all tire patriotic 
fervour that a moron can 
muster. This most delightful of 
players, who embodies one of 
football's most agreeable 
traits— that of fare tittle guy's 
revenge on aO Che clumsy 
bullies of the world— became a 
hate object 

Sad figure making 
work for physio 

And Ardfles has gone from 
injury to injury ever since- If it 
has not been one thing, it has 
been another. “Perhaps the 
first injury was connected with 
my own instability at the 
time, " Ire told me. “ Other 
problems seemed to have fol- 
lowed from tire first injury. But 
this season I broke a bone in 
my hand, 1 had a double- 
hernia operation and then I 
twisted my knee.” . 

For tire past three seasons 
he has been a sad figure at 
Tottenham, playing reserve 
team games raid making work 
for the physio- His contract is 
at the end of the season. “I 
want to carry on playing — and 
I don’t want to play at a lower 
leveL” he said. “ I have the 
desire. Next year it wfll be no 
problem to play and I want to 
prove myself again. Bnt at the 
moment I don’t know where 1 

I would love to see him back 
at the top. “Football is played 
all over the world and is 
beautiful,” he said. “ Bnt aft 
over the world the game has 
become more professional, and 
more cynical, perhaps because 
society has become more cyni- 
caL Football has suffered from 
a loss of spectacle aid a loss of 
emotion. I am a football purist 
- I don’t want football to be 
like that” 

Nor do L But football turned 
Ardfles, one of die nicest 
footballers around as well as 
oneof the best to watch, a man 
who exemplified many of tire 
id tilings in the game, into 
i most reviled player in 
England. English football 
doesn't deserve him. But I 
hope it doesn't lose him. 
English football could do with 
a spot more ting. 

Simon Barnes 


Nicholas in f amiliar 
but difficult position 

By Mitchell Platts 

Alison Nicholas retained 
her lead in the Ford Ladies 
Classic with a second round of 
73 on tire Duke’s course at 
Woburn Golf and Country 
Cub yesterday. 

Miss Nicholas, aged 24, has 
a halfway aggregate of 143. 
seven under par, and she leads 
by one stroke from Vanessa 
Marvin, the former . English 

Miss Nicholas is not unac- 
customed to leading, as she 
won the British strokeplay 
championship in 1983 from 
the from. Even so she will be 
under considerable pressure 
over tbe final 36 holes as she is 
seeking her first victory as a 

Two birdies in her first five 
holes ' on another glorious 
spring day enabled Miss Nich- 

b indies. Uselotte Neumann, of 
Sweden, had eight birdies in a 
72 for a total of 14S and Pia 
Nilsson, her compatriot, who 
returned a first round of 81, 
recovered splendidly with a 
68. She was out in 31. 
SCORES (GB unless stated): 143; A 
Nicholas. 70, 73. 144.- V Marvin. 73, 
71-14& L Neumann (Swej. 73. 72. 
146: M Walker. 75, 71. 147: M 
Thomson. 73. 74: J Brown. 76. 71: K 
Lunn, 75. 72; B Lews, 72, 75. 148: P 
Gpntey (USL 73. 75; S AKson. 74. 
74; K Leadbetter (US). 75. 74; P 
Ntosoo (Swe), 81, 68; J Smith. 79. 
70: T Fernando (Srt Lanka), 78. 71 ; K 
AJSfln (USj^74.j74. ISOTlS Stewart 

73! 77! 

77. 73; V Saunders. 

Britain’s best Becker hope 

pmnMrAi Morton Own 

Britain had their best ever 
placing in the orienteering 
Worid Cup when Roz Clayton, 
of Derby, raced to ninth place 
amongst the women at the 
1986 opening Worid Cup 
event at Halden. Norway. The 

Rome(UPI) — Organizers of 
the Italian tennis champion- 
ships are still hopeful that the 
Wimbledon champion, Boris 
Becker, will be available for the 
tournament, beginning on May 

Danish squad 

Copenhagen — Denmark’s 
manager, Sepp Piontck, has 
*“6 jvuss rNicn- announced his squad of 22 for 

olas to settle into her stride, the Worid Cup football finals 
However, she faced an exami- tuh i ait p— R niRUMsn 

nation of her nerve at ihe 14ih — 

where she lost a baiL To her 
credit Miss Nicholas re- 
mained cool, returned to the 
tee and she made a birdie with 
her second ball so that she 
dropped only one shoL 
• Miss Marvin, who led this 
tournament entering the final 
round last year only to finish 
with an 81, gathered five 

Hj*nnk AmWrten MAdarfecH), 
Bertram AGFL Kent Nielsen 
(Bnwahwft. WdfMd pNm mw Jasper I 
Olsen (Manctiftster untied}. Fr&r*| 
Airaaen (PS V Bndhowmj, Soren_Mw 
(Bayern WtmtdiX Aim i Simonson (1 
jgauB Ba rgtpeen (P**). Jens ■■ 
gapaten^ tfirmi). Jan Moby (LNerpooO. 
Per Ramaro' fAnderiatM). run— Ur i 
Preben (Verona), MlcftaoHaudnSJ 

teJuventusk- Flanwntno Christensen 

*■ ! 

S. . -\: 


f -v • ■* • • 
K ‘ 

r -i'. ■■