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. , Tt ■ 14 i i »** 

s ii! . 


No 62,447 


Nuclear sites 


by Cabinet 

By PIri&p Webster, Political Reporter 
Tfce Goverament respond- fog to lay a special develop- 
ment order before 

ed to mounting public anxiety 
by announcing yesterday that 
it is to allow only low-level 
radioactive waste to be buried 
at any dumping ground devel- 
oped by the Nuclear Industry 
Radioactive Waste Executive. 

Id a major dimbdown to 
meet the criticism of MPs of 
all parties and communities in 
the four sites being considered 
for the dumps, it dropped 
plans for them to take the 
more toxic intermediate level 

And in the atmosphere of 
heightened concern after the 
Chernobyl disaster, It was 
disclosed that the Govern- 
ment is undertaking an overall 
review of strategy on nuclear 
waste disposal, with a White 
Paper to be published in the 
next few months. 

The Government’s moves 
were announced as ft replied 
to a Commons Select Com- 
mittee on the Environment 
report on nuclear waste. 

In a late addition to its 
response following the Soviet 
accident, the Government un- 
derlined its commitment to 
nuclear power, saying that it 
had “an essential contribution 
to make in the provision of 
electric power, economically 
and at a risk level comparable 
or better than other sources of 

The restriction on dumping 
to low-level waste had been 
recommended by the commit- 
tee, and last night its chair- 
man, Sir Hugh Rossi, 
welcomed the Government's 
reverse of policy: 

The Government is prepar- 

_ the 

Commons to enable Nirex to 
undertake test drillings at four 
sites: BradweD in Essex, in the 
constituency of the Chief 
Whip, Mr John Wakeham; 
Elstow in Bedfordshire; 
Fulbeck in Lincolnshire and 
South Kitling hohne in South 

The Government said in its 
reply that there were no 
scientific grounds for restrict- 
ing the waste that might be 
disposed of in the shallow 

“But this is an area where it 
has proved particularly diffi- 

resins which are solidified 
before storage, metalwork, 
will be stored pending the 
finding and development of a 
deep disposal site or until 
radioactivity has reduced 
enough for disposal. 

The concession is a sign of 
the Government's concern 
about getting the order 
through. It has promised op- 
ponents a foil Commons de- 
bate on nuclear waste disposal 
before asking for approval. 
That is expected the week after 

V -- - 

The crash which killed rally drivers Henri Trivonen and Sergio Cresto. Below, Toivonen after his Monte Onto triumph. 

Safety study 
Russian's story 
Aid accepted 

cult to bridge the gap between 
scientists’ assessment of risks 
and the honestly-held percep- 
tions of ‘ the local 

nQmmnnitiaS-' " 

The Government accepted 
the distinction drawn by many 
between low-level waste and 
intermediate waste and recog- 
nized that many people would 
be reassured if the restriction 
was made, it said. 

Low level waste makes up 
about 85 per cent of the 
material the Government had 
hoped to dnmpL It is mainly 
items worn or handled by 
people in laboratories, such as 
rubber gloves, clothing and 

The remaining 15 per cent 
of intermediate waste, materi- 
al such as filters, s fo ri fi p s and 

The MPs most closely con- 
cerned welcomed the move, 
although it is unlikely to stop 
them opposing the develop- 
ment df sites in then- 

Mr Wakeham said last night 
that his opposition to the 
choice of Bradwell would 
continue “as resolutely as 
before”, but the decision was 
an important victory for all 
foe areas concerned. 

Mr Michael Brown, Conser- 
vative MP for Bngg and 
Qeethorpes, which covers the 
Sooth Killingholme site, who 
has threatened to resign if a 
nuclear dump is aUorodtbere, 
said that tire move was an 
advance but he would contin- 
ue to fight for total victory. 

Ministers accept that the 
Chernobyl disaster has in- 
creased their difficulties in 
pulling through nuclear power 
policies. This week it tight- 
ened controls on the radioac- 
tive discharge into the Irish 
sea from the Sellafield repro- 
cessing plant. 

Poles talk 
openly of 
cancer risk 

From Roger Boyes 


Too old 
at 22? 

Julie Burchili finds 
George Michael 
looking forward 
to a future 
without Wham! 



Phil Edmonds and 
Mike Brearley: 
a cricketing 
personality clash 

UK engineers quit 
atom area 

Officials in the Soviet Uoc 
have fin: the first time talked 
openly about the risk of tong- 
term illness, mriading thyroid 
cancer, that might result from 
the radioactivity released by 
the Ult ra man nuclear blast 
The special Polish team set 
up to deal with the crisis said 
here that radioactivity levels in 
tbe air were dedming, but were 
still high in sot] and water. 

The authorities will continue 
to dispense iodine solution to 
all children under 16, and 
maintain tbe han go selling 

milk from grass-fed 
cmrsjOther dairy products also 
appear to be held bark, al- 
though there has been no 
official pronouncement. 

Professor Zbigniew 
Jaworowski bead of the Cen- 
tral Laboratory for Radiologi- 
cal Protection saM that within 
the next 30 years there would 
be an increase “of a -tew per 
cent** far thyroid Cancer. TbWe 

Trade-off brings 
hope of an end 
to prison dispute 

By Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspondent 

A tit-for-lai deal between 
the Home Office and Prison 
Officers Association yesterday 
provided tbe best chance yet 
of ending the jails dispute. 

In return for officers agree- 
ing to normal working, the 
disciplinary suspensions of 
those in the thick of tire 
dispute are lifted. 

The deal, which is only the 
preliminary to moves aimed 
at getting both sides off the 
hook, indicates a new flexibili- 
ty after the rioting which 
shocked both sides. 

At Gloucester Prison, which 
has been at the centre of the 
dispute, officers were still not 
on duty last night, leaving a 
question mark over the dis- 

Talks aimed at getting 125 
Gloucester officers bade to 
work after they were locked 
<put late on Monday night 
f broke up without agreement 

wasafeoa sfgnffieaat risk that ! lye-terdav aftemooA. 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 


m Today there & 
£12,000 tobe won in 

ft C U * ^ I ? * ? * • Yesterday’s daily 

prize of E4.WKJ was 

t v 

The Tftnes Portfolio 
Gold competition -the 
weekly prize of 
£8,000 and £4,000 in the 
daily competition. 

• Yesterday’s 
prize of £4,000 was won 
outright — details, 
page 3. 

• Portfolio Gold fist, 
page 24; rules and how 
to play, Information 

Moving left 

Mrs Gro Harlem Brondtiand, 
the Norwegian Labour Party 
leader, is to fofflt a -new 
government after the resigna- 
tion of her Conservative pie- 

Tax tangles 

• l i. 

Even the taxman gets his sums 
wrong sometimes - but ute 
tavpaver does have redress 
Family Money, pages 25 to 33 

How New* 2*4 
Overseas *-■ 
.Vis w 

Births, dotfe, 
n»XTBS« " 

a™** 3-g 
Cnan " 

Leaders 1 


Lx* Report 
flKfi* »* 



Sale Soon 19 

swi* « A 

Weather 20 

if if if if » 

The evacuation of Britons 
from the region around the 
stricken Soviet unclear plant 
al Chernobyl continued last 
night when 14 engineers who 
had been working south of 
Kiev were flown to London on 
a British Airways plane on 
which there were anti-raffia- 
tion experts. 

Geiger counter tests done by 
a British expert at Moscow 
airport disclosed foal the ei®- 
neers had much lower levels of 
radiation than the 97 students 
flown home on Thursday, 
although they were still above 

They were not ordered to 
wear die special track suits 
brought from - London. Tbe 
latest exodus was seen- as 
demonstrating the lack of 
confidence in the West in 
repeated Soviet assurances 
that tbe Kiev region was free 
from health risks. 

The attempt to foster an air 
of normality continued yester- 
day when tbe authorities went 
ahead with a cycle race which 
ended in Kiev, tire Ukrainian 
capital, which is still out of 
bounds to -Western reporters. 

The British engineers, who 
were working 50 miles south 
of the city, arrived in Moscow 
unexpectedly yesterday after 
being ordered home tty then- 

. Details of their departure 
were restricted in advance of 

it in 



Their radiation levels were 
explained by the fed that they 
were farther from tbe accident 
and the path of the radioactive 
cloud it caused than the 
British students from Kiev 
and Minsk. 

A dear picture of the extent 
of the dirater — still being 
played down in the Soviet 
media — is expected to emerge 
from a leading US bone 
marrow specialist, Mr Robert 
Gale, who is to begin work in 
tbe Soviet Union this week- 
end helping people worst af- 
fected by radiation poisoning. 

His mission followed the 
intervention of Dr Armand 
Hammer, the head of Occi- 
dental Petroleum, who sent a 
telegram to Mr Mikhail 
Gorbachov after Moscow had 
all official US offers 
medical and technical 

Mr Gale will be the first 
Westerner to have any contact 
with the victims since tbe 
disaster occurred a week ago. 
He will be offering the use of a 
pool of 75,000 volunteers in 
Britain, the US and Scandina- 
via who are on call to donate 
bone marrow for emergencies. 

“Individuals who received 
lethal doses and were not 
{tilled outright will die within 

about to bora 

niffer from iralfiirKrtWirng thy- 
roid glands. . 

- Push experts are testing far 
destindiie constituents m ad- 
dition to radioactive iodine In 
tbe foD-out that has swept over 
tbe border fro™ the crippled 
Chernobyl plant. 

Tbe presence of stronti u m 
and ceaserium could wed lead 
to bone disease and leukaemia, 
doctors freely adatiL 

The government team said 
that other cancers in addition 
to that of tbe thyroid gland are 
Sable to occur over the next 30 
years, but that foe rate of 
increase, statistically sneaktec. 
will not be very significant. 

Between 200 and 500 radia- 
tion-induced gwqfff 
coald be caused by the foltort 
in the next 30 years. 

Although the initial shock 
has been absorbed by the 
Poles, there is still consider- 
able anxiety. Firily-booked 

flights to the West yesterday 
demonstrated that tbe Western 
con unanity shares some of 
these fears. 

Even the protective mea- 
sures have bad the effect of 
incressmg nxertaiaty rather 
than reassuring the pubfic. 

Some Western scientists are 
now w rong abort the effects 
of iodine poskming, and ray 
that dosages have both to be 
predse — most Polish dimes 
did not know local radiation in 
levels when they administered 
the solution — aad prompt 

Continued oo page 20, col 4 Continued on page 20, col 2 

Radiation cloud reaches Britain 

By Hugh Oaytoa, Environment Correspondent 

Government scientists said 
yesterday that “remnants” of 
the radioactive cloud from the 
Chernobyl disaster had 
reached southern England. Dr 
Donald Acheson, chief medi- 
cal officer aLthe Department 
of Health and Social Security, 
Kairt there was no danger to 

Tbe National Radiological 
Protection Board at CM ton. 

Oxfordshire, said that concen- 
trations of radioaclivity were 
much lower than those regis- 
tered in Sweden. ■ 

Parts of the doud were 
picked up by the board, by the 
Ministry of Defence at 
Aldermaston in Berkshire, 
and al power stations at 
Dungeness in Kent and 
Winfrith, near Lulworth 
Cove, Dorset They were also 

detected by the Atomic Energy 
Research Establishment at 
Harwell, near Chilton. 

The 100 British students 
from Kiev and Minsk near the 
disaster area bad been checked 
and found to be safe. 

“It is most unlikely that 
those returning home from the 
affected areas are at risk,” TN - 
Acbeson said. 


Local prison officers’ repre- 
sentatives emerged from the 
meeting with Mr Nicholas 
Wall, the governor, tight- 
lipped after two-and-a-half 
hours of discussion. 

Mr Byron Hughes, branch 
e local Prison 

secretary of the 
Officers Association, said: 
“The discussions are proceed- 
ing amicably. They will cany 
on at a later date, probably 
over the weekend. Until then 
the situation has not 
changed — we will not be 
going back to work.” 

A Home Office spokesman, 
referring to tbe aftermath of 
the rioting, said that national- 
ly about 25 prisoners were still 
at large yesterday afternoon. 

It was was apparent from 
statements by some of the 
POA leaders before 
yesterday's meeting at the 
Home Office that anything 
less than the end of the 
suspensions would produce 
pressure for further industrial 

Instead, both sides are hop- 
ing for peace to remain, with a 
further meeting next Wednes- 
day. when tbe next stage of the 
delicate talks will see whether 
proposals put forward earlier 
by Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, can be 
“clarified” in a form that the 
POA membership can accept 

The first difficult issue is the 
process by which manning 
levels are reached locally. The 
Home Office and POA quar- 
relled over whether this 
should be called negotiation — 
tbe POA's wish — or consul- 
tation, which is the furthest 
the prison department was 
prepared to go. 

It now looks as if there is to 
be less attention paid to labels 
and more to the way in which 
decisions are arrived at, with 
the governor having the final 

The POA conference begins 
later this month, and just as 

Continued on page 2, col 7 

ousts ‘spy’ 

From Christopher Mosey 

Security police have 
smashed an East Block spy 
ring in Sweden, it was revealed 

The Swedish Government 
expelled four senior diplomats 
from the 10 accredited to the 
Czechoslovak Embassy in 
Stockholm, along with the 
head of the Czech airline CSA 
in Sweden. 

Tbe expelled Czechs were 
said by security police to have 
co-operated closely with other 
Warsaw Pact intelligence units. 

Two members of the spy 
ring were arrested inside a 

itary area of southern Swe- 
den which 


is off-limits 


Tbe diplomats declared 
“undesirable’' included Mr 
lan Kroupa. a first secretary 
who bad been at tbe embassy 
since 1982, Mr Jan Soyjak, 
military attache, who was 
based in London before com- 
ing to Sweden last year, and 
Mr Ludvik Vanhara, a trade 
attache, who also arrived in 
Stockholm in >982. 

A Foreign Ministry commu- 
nique said the spy ring's 
activities had not damaged 
Swedish interests. 

hero dies 
in Gulf 

By Richard Dowden 

The British master of 
Saudi Arabian tanker was 
killed while ttying to get his 
crew off a blazing tanker hit by 
a rocket in tbe Gulf. 

Captain David Lyoett was 
killed by shrapnel on Thurs- 
day on the bridge of the Al- 

Two Pakistani crew mem- 
bers were also killed in the 
attack, and seven other crew- 
men, including a Briton, Mr 
Sean David, were injured. The 
33-maD crew included 10 

Yesterday Captain Lycett's 
body was still on board the 
vessel, which was at anchor 
about 15 miles off Dubai. 

The 31,521 ton tanker was 
hit by a rocket believed to 
have been fired from an 
Iranian helicopter about 75 
miles north of Abu Dhabi. 
According to Mr Raef Ali, one 
of tbe injured crewmen. Cap- 
tain Lycetl was trying to 
regain control when the tanker 
was hit by a second missile 
which killed him. 

Captain Lycett, believed to 
be in his late thirties, was 
married with two children and 
came from Gian Conwy, near 
Llandudno in north Wales. 

Zeffirelli gets 
jail term in 
currency case 

FraraJohn Earle 

Franco Zeffirelli, the Italian 
theatre and film director, was 
sentenced here yesterday to 
one year's imprisonment and 
fines totalling 850m lire 
(£370.000) for violating Italy’s 

strict foreign currency law. 

The court ruled that he 
should have changed into lire 
Aims totalling 600m lire in 
foreign earnings kept in an 
external currency account. He 
is expected to stay at liberty 

Signor Zeffirelli said in 
court be was not obliged to do 
so because he bad-moved his 
residence to Tunisia. 

Tax query on church plate collections 



Auditors front the Inland 
Revenue are danamg substan- 
tial refunds from church cob- 
which cannot prove 
they have donated enough 
trader tax-relief covenanting 

At least one Romao Catho- 
lic diocese, and several Church 
of England parishes, have 
been served with ass es sm e nts 
disputing foe amomrts shows 
in church accounts, and asking 
for repayment 

The diocese is said to be ta 

Scotland, where foe Inland 

Revenue, investigation started, 
and official auditors are 
checking on ch arches mainly 

A body representing foe 
main denominations, the 
Churches Main Committee, 
bad talks at Inland Revenue 
headquarters at Somerset 
House, London, earlier this 
week, after complaints that the 
auditors may have beat ex- 
ceeding theft authority. 

Mr Bernard Thimont, sec- 
retary of the committee, said: 
“1 am personally satisfied that 
they are doing theft job.*’ He is 
preparing a warning fetterto 
the churches, telling them 
what steps to take to avoid 
trouble. The best advice, he 
said, was for each parfoh to 
keep a register of weekly 

writing to make regular dona- 
tions to their church for four or 
more years, from their taxable 
income. Tbe church may then 
recover the tax directly from 
the Government 

That raises about £130 mS- 
fion a year for churches and 
charities, of which the 
churches’ share is likely to be 
at least halfr 

la the north of England. 

Under the tax-refief cove- 
east scheme, chmch members 
pledge' themselves in 

The intend Revenue was 
particularly concerned about 
so-called “open plate” collec- 
tions in tiie Roman Catholic 
ChuFchJn the Church of En- 
it is more usual for 
under tax covenant 
to be put in a sealed envelope. 

Auditors found cases where 
tire amount said to have been 
collected from covenantors 
was a surprisingly high pro- 

portion of foe total, suggesting 
carelessness or cheating. 

A covenant can technically 
be enforced in the courts. An 
individual taking advantage of 
such a scheme to increase the 
income of his chosen charity 
has to make an annual decla- 
ration to the intend Revenue 
that be has given what he is 
committed to give. 

The Inland Revenue does 
not appear to be impressed by 
the argument that church 
members are automatically 

One church source pointed 
out that tbe total tax refund 
claimed from tire Government 
fell far short of the theoretical 
maximum, as maoy church- 
going taxpayers still did not 
take advantage of tbe covenant 

in Corsica 

Ajaccio, Corsica (AP and 
Reuter) — Rally drivers Henri 
Toivonen of Finland and 
Italian Sergio Cresto were 
killed yesterday while taking 
part in the gruelling Corsican 
Motor Rally and their Lancia 
team mates subsequently 
pulled out of the event 
The two men were trapped 
in their car when it burst into 
flames after going off tbe road 
on a winding section near 

The two remaining timed 

stages of the leg were suspend- 
ed foil 

fall to 

By Peter Waymark 

following the accident. 

Toivonen. winner of the 
RAC rally of Great Britain last 
November and Monte Carlo 
in January, had been leading 
the event. He was 29. 

Last year’s rally was marred 
by the death of Italy's Attilio 
Bettega when his Lancia 
crashed into a pylon. 

Toivonen, from Jyvaskyla, 
was the son of a former rally 
driver, Pauli, also a past 
winner of the Monre Carlo 
rally. He made his debut in 
1975 and last November’s 
RAC win, when he was 
partnered by Britain’s Neil 
Wilson, was his second, fol- 
lowing bis triumph in Britain 
in 1980. 

He leaves a wife, Eija. and 
two young children, aged three 
and 18 months. 

Cresto, his navigator, was a 
30 year-old Italian-American 
batchelor, born in New York. 

Obituary, page 19 

Continued on page 20, col 7 



be- : 








The controversial takeover 
of tire ABC cinema chain and 
Elstree studios by an Ameri- 
can based group went ahead 
yesterday only six months 
after it was blocked by film 
industry protests. 

The Cannon Group bought 
the cinemas and Elstree stu- 
dios from the Australian fi- 
nancier, Mr Aten Bond, for 
£175 million, £65 million more 
than Mr Boud paid the previ- 
ous owner. Thorn-EML when 
be bought the group last 
month after a planned man- 
agement buyout foiled to raise 
sufficient cash. 

A bid by Cannon last No- 
vember fell through after 
strong opposition from sec- 
tions of the British film indus- 
try, which feared the closure of 
cinemas and deplored the 
passing of an important sec- 
tion of the industry into for- 
eign hands. 

Cannon is ran by two cons- 
ins, Mr Menahem Golan and 
Mr Yonun Globus, Israeli- 
born film entrepeneurs who 
specialize in low budget mate- 
rial for the mass market 
Among theft productions are 
Flashdaace, the Death Wish 
vigilante series and the erotic 
Bolero, starring Bo Derek. 

Recently their ouput has 
been moving upmarket The 
latest Cannon film to be made 
in Britain, Duet For One, has 
just completed shooting at 
Elstree. Based on tbe West 
End stage hit abort a crippled 
woman musician, h stars Julie 
Andrews and Alan Bates. 

Bat Cannon is mainly 
known in Britain as a cinema 
owner. With the acquisition of 
tbe Classic and Star chains it 
owns nearly 200 screens on 95 
sites. W hen added to ABCs 
287 screens, tills will give the 
new group 40 per cert of 
British cinema outlets. 

Mr Golan said yesterday 
that the takeover would mean 
some rationalization but pro- 
duction at Elstree would be 
increased and for every cinema 
closed as a result of the 
merger, two new ones would 
open. He was confident that 
the deal would not have to be 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission. 

Mr Bond, who backed 
Australia’s successful entry 
for the Americas Cnp yacht 
race two years ago and owns a 
brewery in Perth, will join the 
Cannon board. He estimated 
his profits on the deal at £40 
million, after costs. 

British film industry critics 
of the original deal appeared 
less hostile to the new bid. The 
Association of Independent 
Producers said yesterday that 
it repeated its original concern 
about maintaining a distinc- 
tive national film industry. 

But it added: “If the Cannon 
takeover does now go throngh. 
at least Screen Entertainment 
will be in the hands of people 








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‘Loyalist’ fears 
to blame for 
Hermon says 

By Richard Ford 

The “loyalist" ascendancy politicians debasing the detno- 

The “loyalist" ascendancy 
in Northern Ireland is being 
eroded, leading to blatant 
. sectarian attacks on Roman 
Catholic homes and business- 
es, Sir John Hermon. chief 
constable of the RUC said 
. .yesterday. 

Sir John linked recent loyal- 
ist intimidatory attacks on the 
RUC and Roman Catholics 
with the “unreasoned fears" of 
Protestants that their special 
position within the province 
was being affected. “Their 
ascendancy is being eroded 
. and the police and the Catho- 
lics are in their way. It is 
blatant sectarianism, which 
shows their hatred." be said. 

Although Unionist politi- 
- cians blamed the Anglo-Irish 
; .agreement for the upsurge of 
' loyalist violence, the chief 
constable said it was not the 
reason but an excuse. “How 
on earth do attacks on Catho- 
!. lies relate to the agreement?" 
he asked. - 

The chief constable's re- 
marks, given in an interview 
. last night in the Belfast Tele- 
graph, are bound to cause 
;; controversy with Unionist 
politicians. Sir John criticized 
. some Unionist leaders for 
taking pan in a march in 
. which leaders of a loyalist 
paramilitary group were 
prominent, and gave a warn- 
ing of the dangers of “supping 
with the devil of paramilitary 

He said intimidation of the 
police must be seen with the 
“viciousness of attacks on 
Catholics", whose homes, 
churches, schools and busi- 
nesses had been targeted for 
" “sectarian discrimination". 
The attacks occurred, “be- 
cause there is an unreasoned, 
bigoted fear in these people 
' that their special position is 
being affected". 

Sir John said the violence 
was a natural progression of 

Ban lifted 
on murder 

A High Court judge yester- 
day lifted a ban on the 
publication of an article in the 
current edition of the satirical 
magazine. Private Eye, which 
names a Tory MP allegedly 
involved in a murder plot 
A court injunction was 
granted in private yesterday to 
a Mr Richard Unwin, who was. 
also named in the article, and 
Richard Unwin International 
Ltd. Mr Unwin and the com- 
pany are suing Private Eye and 
- its editor for libeL 

A legal spokesman for Mr 
Unwin said yesterday that the 
injunction was lifted by Mr 
Justice Hirst sitting in pri- 
vate. on the grounds that 
Private Eye intended to de- 
fend the action, pleading justi- 
fication of its allegations 
If the injunction had stood 
all copies of the magazine 
would have had to be with- 
drawn from sale for the re- 
moval of the article. 

cratic process, “by consorting 
with paramilitary elements of 
a Mafia kind". 

With the province prepar- 
ing for the start of its tradi- 
tional parade season, he called 
for an independent tribunal to 
deal with controversial march 

More than 1,800 out of 
about 2,000 parades are loyal- 
ist Sir John’s criticism is 
directed mainly at that section 
of the community, in particu- 
lar the small number which be 
describes as “very sectarian 
and politically oriented". 

-He said his force was find- 
ing it intolerable to be in the 
position of forcing parades 
through areas which were 
hostile to them. 

“We are talking about pa- 
rades where people are flaunt- A ^ 2-10-0 locomotive, fo 
mg their ascendancy m areas Watercn 

where the population balance 

has changed. Our attitude to 
parades relates to people, not 
to sod. The feelings of people 

and their sensitivity has to be __ A m 

respected." Hi 

Parade organizers must give U.JL 

five days' notice of their route 

to the RUC. which can re- /*_ __ T| . _ 
route the march or recom- |f|l" I IBQ 
mend to the Secretary of State Vi . 

for Northern Ireland that it be - 

banned. Last year there were By Hugh Clayton. Em 

only three bans. More ifam a million London 

Under Sir John's plan, no- electors will be able to vote 
tice of a contentious parade twice in next Thursday's local 
would go to a tribunal where authority poll They will be 
the police, organizers and the able to vote lor their local 
local people could present borough councillors and for 
their case. members of the Inner Tendo n 

The idea has been backed by Education Authority, 
the Alliance Party but some 

Unionist politicians and the ^ S 1 * 4 

loyalist Orange Older are “.XriE tJdiSS 

strongly opposed to it An authority are chosen by direct 

Orange Order spokesman ™ ,e - (he onb 

sai<£"Any attempt lo re-roule ^■radon^ttwrtymaidnKl 
or ban parades will be resisted elections. Elsewhere edneatron 

tooth and nail and the Gov- “ ran. by committees « county 

eminent and the police should and OTHDcfls - 

get the message quickly." The new Ilea, with its 

A WD 2-10-0 locomotive, budt in Glasgow in 1944, steaming back into public service yesterda 
Watercress line after 18 months of restoration work (Photograph: Snresh 

Elections countdown 

on the Mid-Hants Railway 

First direct poll 
for Ilea members 

By Hugh Clayton. Environment Correspondent 
More than a million London Bea can vote also for members 

electors will be able to vote 
twice in next Thursday's local 
authority polL They will be 
able to vote for their local 
borough councillors and for 
members of the Inner London 
Education Authority. 

It will be die first time that 
members of the education 
authority are chosen by direct 
vote, and Ilea is the only 
education authority with direct 
elections. Elsewhere education 
is run by committees of county 
and city councils. 

The new Ilea, with its 
budget of more than £1,000 

TnnanocD a ** ta, * er 

tJ 4X. UililvdV than almost any connoL In its 
• * former guise it was easy to 

ITTlliniTC forget that the authority, with 
llilpUl IS its 1,000 schools and 27,000 
c i • 4 teachers and lecturers, was a 

(I nnrpaiir committee of the former 

“ WiUgiMii Greater London CoundL 

, Although criticized for poor 

fostered a false idea of interna- examination resalts an< t heavy 
tionalfiade,Mr EaochPo^- spending, the Bea has a good 
ell. Official Unionist MP for cbaacTof sharing intbe 
Down South, told a confer- expected Labour famfaiiifa fo 
ena of industrial managers ^ 0 ^^ , t m 

yesterday. probably emerge with Labour 

. "We live under an mcreas- f^in omtraL 

ing ram of military mete- Everyone entitled to vote in 
phors. exhorting to greater jj, e ame,- boroughs served by 
and neater efficiency so that 
suppliers overseas can be de- • 

feated in both the home and I f|l*j OC PYTIl 
the export markets” Mr Pow- X vl Ivo VApi 
ell said in Maidenhead, Berk- The Conservatives forecast 
shire. yesterday that they will win 

But the truth was that trade, Ryedale convincingly at next 
unlike war, was a relationship Thursday's by-election with 
of mutual and b a la nc i n g bene- so per cent of the pofl. 

of the education authority. 

The 58 members of the new 
education authority will be 
chosen for areas that coincide 
with tire 29 inner London 
pg fihmwrtM y constituencies. 

If Dea follows the expected 
pattern in the boroughs, it will 
emerge from the poll with a 
strong Labour majority com- 
mitted to continue the policies 
of its GLC-finked predecessor. 
In next week's election each 
Dea constitoency will have two 

The campaign is following 
predictable with Labour 
offering the same policies as 
those ptusued in GLC days. 

The Conservatives are pur- 
suing their familiar theme of 
“keeping politics out of the 
classroom". The Alliance 
wants sensible budgeting be- 
tween what ft sees as the tito 
extremes of Labour extrava- 
gance and toe Conservatives’ 
obsession with cuts. 

One notable feature of toe 
Dea election is the large 
number of women candidates. 
More than a quarter of the 
Conservatives, more than a 
third of die Labour hopefuls 
and almost half of the Alliance 
candidates are women. 

Conservatives get 
boost in Scotland 

By Ronald Faux 

The latest test of the politi- improvement has been the 

cal pulse in Scotland gives 
encouragement to the Conser- 
vative Party as the regional 
elections approach. 

The Tories have risen 
sharply in public esteem and 
no longer lie last in the four 
divisions of Scottish politics, 
according to a System Three 
opinion poll in the Glasgow 
Herald yesterday. 

Labour still leads with 45 
percent, three points down on 
last month. The Conserva- 
tives and Alliance share sec- 
ond place, with the Alliance, 
having lost two points and the 
Tories gaining six. Last is the 
Scottish National Party, little 
changed at 15 per cent. 

The boost to the Tory vote 
came unexpectedly and was 
being accounted for as the 
Tory faithful rallying to pull 
.the party out of the doldrums 
on the eve. of an important test 
before the general election. 

“The Government has been 
going through a bad patch and 
it is mid term. There have 
been quite a few issues that 
have subdued support," one 
party member said. Last 
month the Conservatives 
stood at 14 percent. 

Another explanation for the 

performance of Mr Malcolm 
Rifkind, Secretary of State for 
Scotland, and ius distinctly 
upbeat attitude towards his 
party's position north of the 

Few Scottish issues have 
been allowed to linger since he 
took over and his positive 
manner has put a spring into 
the step of party winters in 
their local election canvassing. 

For Labour the poll was 
unnecessary confirmation of 
the party's firm domination of 
west central Scotland. The 
Alliance said that it conflicted 
entirely with the response it 
had received on the doorstep, 
particularly in Strathclyde and 

The Scottish National Party 
preferred to point out another 
finding in the poll which was 
that Mis Margaret Thatcher's, 
personal rating in Scotland 
had dropped sharply since the 
US bombing raids on Libya. 

The consistently low show- 
ing of the SNP in the poll does 
contrast with its - excellent 
results in local by-elections. In 
the first 11 contests of the year 
the party secured 40 per cent 
of the poll, the highest of any 

Hattersley Victim of 
gives left assault 
sabotage loses out 
warning in court 


Political Reporter ^ Aama&s again* the 

Mr Roy Hartexsley warned Metropolitan Police for 
the far left of the Labour Party assault, 
yesterday against any actions But Mr Reid, aged 52. will 
that might harm its move not see a penny of the award 
towards achieving a majority because he had rejected an 
government -at the next Gen- out-ofcourt settlement offer 
era! Election. of £505. 

Addressing the Welsh TUC His damages will go towards 

at Llandudno, Mr Hattersley the estimated £30.000 costs of 

that Labour had now his ac 1 ^" against the police, 
discovered the path towards Mr Reid, of Guildford 
victory, “and there will be House, Cam berwell Green. 
Utile sympathy or forgi veness south-east London, was re- 
fer anyone within the party ceiving legal aid and will not 
who. because of personal yam- have to pay the bulk of the 
ty or ideological obsessions, costs, 
sabotages our drive towards He lost further claims for 
government." damages for wroi^ful arrest 

The Labour deputy leader and unlawful imprisonment, 
underlined the party's com- He alleged that Pc Desmond 
mitment to root out militant j^eenoy had wrongfully arrest- 
extremists, and, in another gd him for threatening behav- 
message for the left, said that jom- a t Wandsworth Borough 
Labour must draw up a mam- Council offices in Putney m 
festo typified by “down-to- 2981. He was later acquitted 
earth common sense", and 0 f the charge, 
which was “consistent with Mr Reid daimed the con- 
the reality of our time as well stable had tom his shirt and 
as with the ideology of our pushed him against a walL Pc 
party". Keenoy said that Mr Reid was 

“We have become a pram- acting in a threatening way 
cal party offering practical and there were reasonable 
policies to the practical grounds for arrest He denied 
people” Mr Hattersley said assault 
Labour had to state out its Mr Reid had told the court 
ideological boundaries, he was a deeply religious man, 
“There can be no place within a Seventh Day Adventist. “I 
the party for those who follow ^ not swear, drink, gamble or 
an alien philosophy and at- smoke,” he said 
tempt to parasite off us be- He denied using insulting or 

cause they could not survive abusive langnage or threaien- 
on an honest statement of jjjg behaviour, 
their own beliefs." 

. t T Body is found 
NU J calls in basement 

nf Police have a found a body 
UldUULv C IX bricked up in the comer of a 

T -*■ » basement while investigating 

\Af n TIIY1IIC7 the seven-year-old mystery of 

▼ ▼ a missing woman, it was 

Journalists cm The Tunes, disclosed yesterday. 

The Sunday Times and News The badly-decomposed 
of the World have voted to body, which was discovered in 
invoke their dis putes proce- 2 terrace house in Stretford 
Hum atiH are adring for a sfiriw Manchester, is believed to be 
of undertakings from their Mrs Enid Francis, who was 
management in -News aged 38. A man is being ta) 
International to Manchester from Loni 

Their decisi on comes after for questioning, 
the absence of a settlement of _ _ " • 

the dispute between the com- \\ itg Kill er 
pany and the print unions , 
over the new newspaper plant iQllgn fAf |TtP 
at Wapping, east London. . 

If the under taking s me not A man who stab bed his ' 

given, the journalists will take Of*®’ than 100 " times 1 
the mattpf to the Advisory .jailed for life yesterday 
Conciliation and Arbi t ra tion Lincoln Crown Court 

aged 38. A man is befog taken 
to Manchester from London 
for questioning. 

Wife killer is 

A man who stabbed his wife 
more than 100 'times was 
jailed for life yesterday at 

Tories expect to win Ryedale with 50% of poll 

The Conservatives forecast 
yesterday that they will win 
Ryedale convincingly at next 

fit Imports of Japanese cars 


and computers were evidence constituency's MP who died 
of beneficial bargains allowing suddenly on March 2, had a 

British effort to be put to more majority of more than 1 6,000 
valuable use elsewhere. in the 1983 general election. 

Without such bargains, “the taking 59 per cent of the poll 
massive blessings of the inter- or nearly 72 per cent of toe 
national division of labour electorate. 

put to more 

ugains, “toe 

could never be reaped' 

The Alliance took 31 per 

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cent and Labour lost its 
deposit with only 10 per cent. 

Yesterday Mr Marcus Fox, 
MP for Shipley, who is manag- 
ing toe campaign for toe Tory 
candidate, Mr Neil Balfour 
aged 41, a merchant banker, 
said: “Our canvas shows we 
nil! win convincingly on May 
8 with probably more than 
50 per cent of the votes cast 
coming to us." 

He would not give his 

Top award for 
policeman in 
knife attack 

George Hammond, the 
London policeman left dose 
to death after a savage knife 
attack, yesterday received 
Scotland Yard's highest award 
for bravery. 

Police Constable Ham- 
mond, aged 49, who was given 
120 pints of blood and later 
underwent a kidney trans- 
plant, was off duty when be 
tackled a sweetshop raider in 
January last year at East 

He received toe High Com- 
mendation Award from Sir 
Kenneth Newman, the Metro- 
politan Police Commissioner, 
at a ceremony in London. 

Six other London officers, 
who tackled armed men in 
separate incidents, also re- 
ceived a High 

canvas percentages for the 
Alliance or Labour but he 
said:“The Labour vote is 
holding up very well in the 
suburbs of York. Naturally we 
do get great comfort from the 
strength of Labour support" 

The Tories estimate that 6- 
7,000 Labour supporters 
switched in 1983 to the Alli- 
ance candidate Mrs Elizabeth 
Shields, aged 52 a local teacher 
who is s tandin g this time. 

She said yesterday. “Our 

canvas shows we're only 3 
points behind the Tories and 
dosing fast." This week the 
BBC Newsnight poll gave the 
Tories 44 per cent, the Alli- 
ance 37 per cent and Labour 
19 per cent An Alliance can- 
vass, over the past two weeks, 
shows, they say, that toe 
Tories have 44 per cent. 


The undertakings bong 
sought are: 

• Reinstatement of all dis- 
missed or suspended journal- 
ists when the dispute with the 
print unions ends; 

• A' return of all freelances 
who refused to work with 

• No more changes in work 
practices or premises without 
negotiation with toe NUJ; 

• No pay offer to be condi- 
tional on a legally-binding 

If no settlement is readied 
after toe reference to Acas, 
members will be asked to vote 
on a possible strike. 

Journalists on The Sun aze 
expected to vote on similar 
demands on Tuesday. 

• Thirty people were arrested 

Labour 14per cent ■ 

(fennel etecnm: J Some <C3 , 
Mrs E- <AJ) 17.ITO P 
CLaM 0816. C ml. 10142. 

Alliance 41 per cent and and four charged with public 

order offences after 2,000 
demonstrators marched on 
the printing plant in Wapping, 
on Thursday night 
Foot police officers and one 
'woman demonstrator were 
injured after violent dashes 
between 9pm and lam. 

David Fields, aged 26, 
denied murder, claiming be 
lost control after his wife June, 
aged 20, attemptedto stab him 
in the back while they were 
having sexual intercourse at 
their home in Johnson Street 
Cfeetoorpes, Lincolnshire- 

Sunny start to 
Bank holiday 

Thousands of motorists 
were aiming to make an early 
break for coastal resorts yes- 
terday to capitalize on the 
sunny May Bank holiday 
weather, according to the trav- 
el organizations. 

Although the weekend’s 
forecast is a mixture of show- 
ers and sunny spells, the 
exodus has begun. 

J ... 

Trade-off may bring 
end to jails dispute 

If . **** ,:> Vvi£’ 

mi *•«*' • 

Continued from page I 
Mr Hurd has to p r o tect his 
political flank, so do the POA 
leaders. The other issues con- 
cern pay, allowances and 
working practices. 

But Mr Hurd is on record as 

continued in toe meantime. 

That is why the clarification 
of the Home Secretary’s letter 
next Wednesday, without 
talks being called negotiations, 
is vital to toe outcome of toe 
dispute. With the formal end- 

: ■ : ■ 1 ■ J 

five negotiations until 
the threat of industrial action 
is removed. 

Thai threat came as a result 
of an overwhelming vote by 
members. It can be removed 
only by another ballot to lift ft. 
To achieve this the POA 
leadership must have some- 
thing to show the members — 
a reason for officially ending 
it — though it has been dis- 

Secretary will be able to say he 
Is not negotiating with a pistol 
at his bead. 

Mr Colin Steel,' POA chair- 
man, said after yesterday’s 
talks: “We have got to go back 
to the members. One would 
hope that by the time we get to 
that position, it will be a 
formality. We hope we will 
have a package that will be 

Austro-Hungarian Empire ends 

The Habsburgs final sum 

Tbe moment passed at 3J0 
yesterday afternoon without 
requiem or remembrance; in- 
deed hardly anyone noticed a 
thing. It was a minor milestone 
of European history none the 
less; toe Austro-Hungarian 
Empire was finally declared 
wound up- 

The inordinately long pro- 
cess of dissotetion, which be- 
gan with the {min’ of an 
assassin's bullet at Archduke 
Ferdinand in Sarajevo in June 
1914, ended yesterday with tbe 
passing of the absolute last 
deadline for the honouring of 
tbe empire's loan bonds, those 
ornately printed pieces of pa- 
per of which the promised 
security evaporated m toe fires 
of the Great War. 

Ob toe day that Emperor 
Franz Joseph's account was at 

By Alan Hamilton 

last closed, the Bromley, sooth 
London-based Council of For- 
eign Bondholders, a chaser of 
bad debts whose patience 
makes Job look like an im- 
petnons fidget, reported that 
only one British bondholder 
had applied to cash in his 

Any outstanding Anstro- 
Hangarian government loan 
bonds arc now worthless ex- 
cept as collectors' hems. As 
they proved an exceedingly 
bad investment, it is a very 
long time since their face value 
even approached their value in 
tbe saleroom. 

No one is certain how much 
toe empire still ewes its credi- 
tors. In 1967 its outstanding 
debt was more than £106 mo- 
tion, bat ft has been somewhat . 
reduced since then by a con- 

touring trickle of modest 

In 1923, in toe aftermath t& 
the war which demolished the 
empire once described by Bis- 
marck as a worm-infested 
galleon, the Innsbruck Proto- 
col set up a Paris-based orga- 
nization named -the Came 
Commune, charged with coi- 
tecting money from the 
empire's successor states and 
paying back its loan capital. 

In 1976, with little cash in 
the bank, a liquidation com- 
mittee was established to wind 
np toe Caisse Commune, with 
a 10-year period of grace to 
make a final distribution of 
money to Investors. That peri- 
od of grace ended yesterday, 
119 years after toe estaMfsh- 

ment of the Habsburgs’ grand 







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a year 

, Two men who inherited 
ton- father's £820,000 fern! 
wmen he died have been 

to W >«ar moflier 
‘WW a year maintenance; 

Mrs Audrey Farrow had 

received the ahmony until her 
husband died in 1979 and his 
.estate, including a 470-acre 
grm at Thornton Curtis, 
Hombereide, was inherited by 
her sons Jonathan, a«ed 32. 
.and Mark, aged 36. She had 
also received a £50,000 lump 
sum settlement from hear ex- 
husband John who ended 
' 1973. 24-year marriage in 

she shared as 

friends'* with a _ 

DeaJdn in Wdton Le Wold, 
Nrar Lough, Leicestershire- 

Tbe Judge held that under 
i rules which entitled him to 

provision for depen- 
oftlu - - - 

But Mis Farrow had spent 
all the money and run into 

financial trouble, partly due to 
her own extraga vance, Mr 
Justice HoUings said in the 
High Court yesterday. 

She was seeking a further 
lump sum from the estate in 
court yesterday because she 
wants to buy the; home th^t 


make . 

dents of the d ead where none 
had been made in the will, or 
under intestacy law, she was 
not entitled to any more than 
the £50,000 die had received. 

But, he said, she was enti- 
tled to continue receiving 
£5,000 a year by way of 
continued maintenance from 
the estate, plus £15,000 as 
compensation for the missed 
payments since her h usband' s 
death, ' 

First reaction among law- 
yers yesterday was that the 
ruling to continue payment to 
an ex-wife of such long stand- - 
ing was. highly »nn<aiqi ha 
recent years the policy of the 
court has been to discourage - 
applications by' divorced 

wives for capital or mainte- 
nance from foe estate of their, 
former husband, taking foe 
view that was a second bite at 
the cherry. 

But foe due to yesterday’s 
ruling was that Mrs Farrow 
had starred receiving ha 1 
maintenance payments only 
the year before her husband 
died suddenly- If was because 
she had received so little in 
maintenance that the judge 
ruled that the- . payments 
should continued. 

In 1981, the Court of Ap- 
peal said that maintenance 
should not normally be paid 
to an ex-spouse unless she had 
become dependent on her 
partner over a long period. 
Yesterday’s ruling said the 
payments should go on for the 
opposite reason: the brevity of 
the time they had existed. Mrs 
Farrow will continue to re- 
ceive the payments until she 
remarries or dies. 

Husband cleared 
of dream killing 

A man who strangled his 
wife while having a nightmare 
about fighting two Japanese 
soldiers, was yesterday cleared 
of her murder and 

Mr Colin Kemp, aged 34, of 
Abbotts Walk, Caterham, Sur- 
rey, bad strangled his wife, 
Ellen, aged 33, when he was 
experiencing a condition 
known as 'Slight terror” Mr 
Nicholas Medawar. QC said 
for the defence at the Central 
Criminal Court - 

He described foe condition 
as a dream involving being 
pursued or attacked, which 
occurs as someone to coining 
out of a heavy sleep into a 
light sleep. At that stage 
physical violence may occur. ' 

“To awake, from ‘night 
terror* is an appalling pros- 
pect — not least, if you go to 
your bed with your wife and 
awake with her dead beside 

Mr Kenjp'"had told a 
“remarkable” story to police, 
said Mr Robin Simpson, QC, 
for foe prosecution. 

■ ' He had saxL“I ’started a 
crazy dream. I was having a 
nightmare fighting tip) Japa- 
nese soldiers, one I was sna- 
gfisg.0nd.ibe other. I. was 
kickitig an over. Eventually be . 
rolled away and shot me. And 
then I woke op to find ESea 
lying on my .right arm. 1 . 

“1 dapped her &ce and tried 
to wake her up. There was no 
pulse and I went barmy, I half 
carried her, half dragged her to 
foe bottom of foe stairs. 


“I had never heard 
anyone being violent in their 
deep before. ! didn’t want to 
go to prison and lose the 
children. I didn’t feel anybody 
would believe my dream”, Mr 

The prosecution had alleged 
that Mr Kemp, a sales repre- 
sentative, killed his wife out of 
sexual frustration while trying 
to force her to have oral sex. 

Mr Kemp' told foe jmy he 
bad -previously suffixed simi- 
lar nightmares. “J. always 
woke up with a start Once, I 
thumped EDen in foe back and 
another time I kneed her in 
the backside. I was fighting 
these two guys and she woke 
me up to 
was going on. 

“We discussed the dream at 
length and dismissed it 

Mr Medawar said Ellen’s 
death' was the third tragedy to 
have struck the Kemps. 

In July .1982 Mr Kemp 
received considerable brain 
damage in a car accident for 
which foe family had received 
a £17,000 settlement itist be- 
fore his wife’s death. 

: “Quite dearly”, Mr Meda- 
warsaid,“fre suffered a charge 
of personality and Ellen had a 
lot to ■ put " up with. He’s 
irritable, his memory was 
^Bferted and he was giv ento 

Their fourth daughter had 
been a victim of cot death in 
January 1984. 

When nightmare turns 
into real violence 

A night tenor is “a night- 
mare moving into physical 
action”, according to a psychi- 
atrist who has treated other 
people who have tried to 
strangle their partners. 

' Dr Tony Whitehead, a con- 
sultant at Bevendean Hospi- 
tal, Brighton, said yesterday 
Unit he had a slightly snnOar 
experience when he “Iraoched 
a anise across the room”. 

“A night terror is a wett- 
recogmzed condition. It really 
fc a variation on foe theme of a 
> getting more pbyst- 
than nightmares nsaally 
do. I don't think anybody 
understands what brings it on, 
bat obviously some deep-seat- 
ed t r a u ma is involved.” 

Dr Whitehead added: “I 
have seen patients who have 

tried to strangle partners or 
attack them in their sleep. 

"There was no serieds inju- 
ry because they woke mi 
before they had done anything. 
Their partners mast have 
moved or screamed before any 
harm was done. If they had not 
woken op, then die attacks 
might have gone on.” 

Dr Whitehead's personal 
experience happened when, as 
a junior doctor, he was woken 
by a nurse. 

“This rather unthinking sis- 
ter shook me violently by the 
shoulder. I half woke np, 
thought I was being attacked 
and knocke d her across the 

He said night terrors had 
previously been used success- 
fully as a defence hi coart. 

Met office 
data being 

By George HOI 

Buying a 
10% more 

By Christopher Warman 
Property Correspondent 

Private companies are pirat- 
ing Meteorological Office data 
and selling forecasts cheaply, 
foe National Aodh Office said 
yestenday. And the practice is 
within the law. 

The companies intercept 
the Meteorological Office’s 
radio add satellite transmis- 
sions and are able to sell their 
information more cheaply be- 
cause they do not have the 
expense of collecting and ana- 
lysing raw data, the audit 
office said. 

It wants foe interceptors to 
have to pay for the informa- 
tion, but that would require a 
rhang p hi the few. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry does not dissent 
from the principle of charging, 
so long as private sector 
services enjoy equal access, 
the report said. 

But foe amount office basic 
information available from 
foe United States and thefree 
services provided by foe Met 
Office- itself -would inhibit 
sales, even if the law were 
chang ed to enable the office to 
supply baric data on. licence. 

The report accepts that the 
Met Office already charges for 
an increasing proportion of its 
services, where the law allows. 
“Consultants employed by the 
office regard its services as 
seriously under-priced in rela- 
tion to the benefits conferred 
on customers, bin consider 
that resistance to higher 
charges would take a consider- 
able time to overcome.” 

The moss annual cost of the 
Met Office to its parent, the 
Ministry of Defence, is 
£68 million, and its attributed 
deficit fell from £8 million to 
less than £1 million. 

A garlanded Omumgsiooer Borrows 
seven, a sin g in g company wwn l 

ws celebrating bar election with Elizabeth Peforace, aged 
her from Tunbridge Wells (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Woman leads the 4 Army 

By Clifford Longley, ReEgjons Affairs Correspondent 

The Salvation Army, for 
only the second tune in its 1 20- 
year history, has appointed a 
woman as its new international 
leader and general. She is 
ComntissMMier Eva Borrows, 
Australian bom, aged 56 and 
unmarried, and presently com- 
mander of the Salvation 
Army's Southern Australian 

She was the only woman 
candidate of seven and was 
elected by the army's high 
coudcO at the condnrion of Its 
meeting at Scmbury Court, 

Smtimry-on-Thames, yester- 
day. She win take office in 
July, replacing General Karl 
Wahistrtm, who is retiring. 

Gonmnssiooer B ar row s is 
the second woman general, the 
first was General Evangeline 
Booth, daughter of the 
founder. General William 
Booth, who was general from 

She trained at the William 
Booth Memorial College, 
south London, becoming a 
commissioned officer m 1951. 
She served m Zimbabwe (then 

Rhodesia) as a teacher in 
Salvation Anny schools. 

In 1970 Commissioaer Bur- 
rows became vice-principal 
and then principal of the 
International College for Offi- 
cers, and subsequently was 
leader of the Salvation Army 
Women’s Social Services in 

She became territorial com- 
mander in Sri l-anfa^ Scot- 
land, and finally Australia 
Southern in 1982, based in 
Melbourne. She holds a BA 
and an M Ed degree. 

House prices in April were 
rising at an annual rate of 
10 per cent, according to the 
Halifax House Price Index, 
the first time the index has 
reached double figures since 
the Halifax Building Society 
launched it in April 1984. 

The figure compares with a 
9.7 per cent increase reported 
in March, and confirms the 
upward trend in house price 
inflation since foe beginning 
of foe year. In spite of foe 
continuing increase, foe soci- 
ety forecasts a 10 per cent 
increase for 1986. 

Fust-time buyers are paying 
10-2 percent more than a year 
ago, and the average price they 
pay is now £27,580, while 
second-hand house prices are 
at present rising at 10.7 per 
cent a year. In Greater Lon- 
don foe price increase in the 
past year is 19 per cent, with 
the average price £59,500, 
while in the South-east prices 
are 14.4 per cent higher at 

The Halifax reports record 
levels offending, and says foal 
there are differences in buying 
habits compared with 1984 
when foe society set out to try 
to end mortgage queues. In aU 
je groups, proportionately 
more borrowers are now buy- 
ing terraced properties and 
flats instead ofsemi-detacbed, 
detached and bungalow 

One of foe main reasons for 
this change is that foe increase 
in property values between 
1984 and 1986 means that 
house prices may have out- 
stripped earnings in some 
regions and are therefore forc- 
ing buyers to look at cheaper 

The Halifax says also that 
running costs were lower in 
1984. High rate increases in 
most areas this year, with 
bigger fuel and maintenance 
bills, may well be making 
prospective bouse buyers re- 
consider their property 

Mr Harold Dunbar, a re- 
tired schoolmaster of 
Bexteyheafo, Kent, has been 
playing Portfolio since it be- 
gan and yesterday his patience 
was rewarded when he won the 
daily £4,000 prize outright. 

“It's great fnn to play,” Mr 
Dan bar said, “bat the cash 
will also help oaf with repairs 
around the house.” Mr and 
Mrs Dunbar also [dan to 
spend something on tbeir son 
and daughter, both manned 
and each with three children. 
Mr MaOory, who retired two 
years ago, taught at Mallory 
School, Downhant, Kent- 
To play the game yon will 
need the new Portfolio Gold 
card. If yoo have any dfificaliy 
in obtaining one from yoar 
newsagent, send an sjue. toe 
Portfolio Gold 
The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BBl 6AJ. 

Roles and information on 
bow to play are on page 2®. 

Two jailed 

m ‘vicious’ 


Man on more 
rape charges 

An unemployed Scot a$ed 
20, who is accused of raping 
and robbing two prostitutes in 
Bayswater, central London, 
was chained at Marylebone 
Magistrates’ Court yesterday 
with raping and robbing two 
more women,. and indecently 
assaulting a fifth. 

The man was also accused 
of dishonestly handling two 
stolen cars and unlawfully 
taking a third. He was re- 
manded in custody until May 

Austin Rover 
boost sales 

Austin Rover quadrupled 
its new car “sales” at foe end 
of April with incentive pay- 
ments to dealers of up to 
£ 1 ,500 a car in what is seen as 
a desperate attempt to boost 
its depressed market share. 

Ford and General Motors, 
its dose rivals, see the move as 

farther evidence of foe stale- 
owned group's growing con- 
cern with its poor 
performance this year. 

Such an unprecedented lev- 
el of factory support might 
push Austin Rover further 
into the red. Fold and GM are 

not expected to refofiaie. 

Until April 25 when man- 
agement intervened; foe aver- 
age number of new cats 
registered daily I^Austo 
, Rover dealers was about 480. 
Rv foe 29fo they had increased 
to 1.600. reaching a peak of 
2.100 on April 30, the dosing 
date of foe offer. 

It is understood foal almost 
aU foe last-minute registra- 
tions were Metros, Momegos 
and Maestros registered^ by 
dealera as “denK»$Qsiois. 

The move appears to have 
been introduced too k£to , 

mevefll Ausnn Rover being. 
Sxfoed iaro tirf Tj** “ 
im| behind GM life 
second time this year.Offioal 
• figures due out next Wednes- 
davare expected &&&» foaj 
J April market share 



-wifoTtsimsetrf 5 * < * nI * 

Shell claim new petrol 
additive saves fuel 

By Cfifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

Scientists at Shell's research this time Shell has made a 

mine breakthrough, which 
been subjected 

centre in Thornton, Cheshire, 
c laim to have developed a 
petrol additive which will give 
motorists more miles to the 
gallon and .better all-round 
performance than any existing 

Called Formula Shell, it 
goes on safe throughout foil-. 
ain on May 19 at the same 
mice as other petrols, and in 
four, three and two-star 

last nig ht Shell denied that 
it was resorting to an old 
marketing device to lake the 
of foe endless stream of 
iurt competitions. 

A spokesman said: “It is 

to more 
than 400,000 unites of actual 
road testing, using 400 differ- 
ent cars. The improvements 
are there to be seen in foe 

He said that the unique new 
it was a “spark 
“It gives foe engine 
more consistent ignition, im- 
proving combustion and mak- 
ing the car more responsive 
and smoother. The improve- 
ments are particularly notice- 
able when the engine is cold, 
when it is idling and when 

In a controlled trial 60 

employees at Thornton filled 

true foal over 20 years ago in fortnightly questionnaires 
leant makers about foeir cars’ performance 

most of foe petroi 
claimed, wifo varying degrees 
of truth, that a secret additive 
made foeir petrol better than 
the competition.' However, 

without knowing what type of | 
petrol they were using. Those 
using Formula Shell showed 
“significant improvements” 

Two employees of & Hatton. 
Garden jewefleiy manufactur- 
er were drenched with petrol 
a gang of armed robbers, 
wno men threatened to ignite 
it if they moved, a judge said 
at foe Central Criminal Court 

“They were put in terror 
and feared they would be 
killed or hideously injured. It 
was calculated viaousness 
way above the ordinary”, 
Judge Lymbery, QC, said 
when he sentenced two of the 
gang to 13 years each in 

The judge said foal tiregory 
Bigland, aged 23, and 
Crofl, aged 20. “played for 
and lost” 

id, of Hillside Drive, 
and GroU, of Ware Gose, both 
of Edgware, north-west Lon- 
don, were convicted of rob- 
bing staff at Shawn berry, of 
Hill of jewels worth 
nearly £250,000 while armed 
with a rifle, pistol and petroL 
They were also convicted of 
possessing firearms or imita- 
tion firearms with' intent to 
commit a crime. 

A third member of the 
Richard Johnson, aged 22. of 
Hammers lane. Mill HiD, was 
also found guilty, but was 
remanded in custody for sen- 
tencing later. 

Mr Bruce HoukJer, for the 
prosecution, said that the 
robbery was carried out by the 
three men. The owner of foe 
ivid Keen, aged 38, 
was forced into the office by 
Johnson white two other staff 
members were handcuffed in 
another room by CrolL 
“To add to what must have 
been already a terrifying or- 
deal Doll then poured petrol 
over their beads and shoulders 
and threatened to ignite them 
if they moved.” • 

Mr Keen was forced to open 
three safes. 

Elias Lee, aged 18, unem- 
ployed. of The Broadway, 
West Hendon, north London, 
was acquitted of the robbery 
and discharged. He had been 
employed by Mr Keen as a 
trainee jeweller on a Youth 
Opportunities Scheme for 
about 10 months in 1983. 

His brother, OuistMber 
Lee. aged 23,a jeweller, of The 
Broadway, who occasionally 
did work for Mr Keen and 
knew foe layout of the firm, 
was also acquitted of foe 
robbery. He pleaded guilty to 
dishonest handling and will be 
sentenced later. 

Concession on new child care laws 

By Our Political Staff 
A private member’s B31 to 

improve the mles protecting 
children in care completed its 
passage through the Com- 
mons yesterday. 

However, its promoter, Mr 
Dennis Waiters, Conservative 
MP for Westbury, was com- 
pelled to sacrifice the Bill's 
major clause, which in some 
circumstances would have re- 
quired social workers to get 
the consent of a magistrate 
before a child in care could be 
returned to its parents. 

“That clause, designed to 
protect children from the fete 
of Jasmine Bedford, repre- 
sented more than 50 per cent 
of the value of foe BUT, Mr 
Walters said 

“We failed to persuade the 
Government to accept it, and 
so the whole Bill would have 
been lost if we had not 
dropped h. I'm pleased to 
have got 45 per cent of the Bin 

“The clause the Govern- 
ment substituted for mine 
defines the rules much more 

clearly than foe present law”, 
be said. 

“We have also achieved a 
much more specific commit- 
ment to wider government 
legislation on foe whole 
issue.” * ..... 

The Bin clarifies how deci- 
sions on putting a child into 
care should be taken, and 
gives grandparents a right of 
accesss for foe first time. 

The Government argued 
that foe intervention of a 
magistrate would slow deci- 
sion-making and cost more. 




•! e 









• -T 









Mr Harold Dunaban repairs 
around the house. 

Girl’s screams 

ignored by 
passers by 

By Craig Seton 



• L 



it- \ 

The screams of an ll-year- 
old girl who was attacked and 
sexually assaulted white pick- 
ing flowers in a cemetery, were 
ignored by passers by.pofice 
said yesterday. 

The giri was walking home 
from school through Yardley 
Cemetery in Acodks Green, 
Birmingham, when the 
attacker dragged her brio a 
hot, partly stripped and ra- 
sa tilted her. 

Det Chief Inspector Joe 
McNally, of Acocks Green 
police, said: “The cemetery is 
a busy place and there are 
normally a lot of people walk- 
ing through it There is no 
doubt at all foat a nnrahpr of 
people would hare heard her 
screams; hot nobody went to 

He said the girl had not 
been physicaflly injured m the 
attack, which was carried out 
by a white man, aged about 
30. But it was too early to say 
what the emotional effects 
would be. 

MS « 



Irish Sea commuter’s dole swindle 

David Doyle, of DuMm, 
safied across the Irish Sea and 
back once a fortnight to pick 
npbis social seaway cheque in 
a benefit swindle, a London 
magistrate was told yeste r d a y. 
Once he bad collected Ms 

money, he would take the boat 

back to Dubfin to repay his 
gaonUmg dt&fe, Marylebone 
Court was tohL Doyle, aged 
H admitted obtaining 
£t&t J SA hj ilrrgpriiiu from- the : 

DHSS on April 17, by daint- 
{ng he was still firing at the 
Shannon Hotel in Norfolk 
Square, Paddington, and at- 
tempting to obtain £80-80 on 
May L Police Constable 
Brendan Downing said that. 
Doyle made foe bogus daims ; 
» an attempt to dear hir 

Mr Desmond Banks, for the 
defence, said Doyle had come 
to England a year ago to look 
for work. He had been spend- 
ing £49 on retain trips 
“commuting” from Dublin to 
make the bogus daims after 
returning to Ireland early last 
mouth. Mr Quentin Campbell 

£2fi00 gambling debts. He; ; tte magistrate, remanded him 
was arrested after it wra~ in custody for three weeks to 
disarmed- he^ had left for be served with a- statutory 
botd ra Aprili : 1 notice possible deportation. 

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Scargill’s civil 
crusade a fairy 
tale, QC says 

Mr Arthur Scargill, the Na- 
tional Union of Mineworkers' 
leader, was described in the 
High Court in Manchester 
yesterday as a “fading and 
flawed public figure”, and the 
civil action he brought was 
called “trivial” and “ a fairy 

Mr George Carman, QC for 
the South Yorkshire police 
who are being sued for dam- 
ages by Mr Scargill, told the 
jury in his final speech: “He 
seeks an award because he 
wants to have his stake in the 
pages of our contemporary 
history as a man who stood up 
as a champion of freedom and 

“At the same time, be is 
seeking to expose to the nation 
the wicked behaviour of an 
oppressive police force. 

“You may well take a deep 
breath indeed when you hear 
that claim because you may 
think to entrust Mr Scargill 
with the task of upholding 
your civil liberties might be 
regarded as dangerous as en- 
trusting satan with the task of 
abolishing sin.” 

In the action, Mr Scargill, 
aged 48. is claiming he was 
wrongfully imprisoned out- 
side his home by police seek- 
ing to question him over an 
alleged speeding offence. 

Describing Mr Scaigili as “a 
self-admitted lawbreaker, a 
man who has been found to be 
in contempt of the High 
Court” Mr Carman added: 
“He is not perhaps the ideal 
candidate to crusade on behalf 
of his own civil liberties, let 
alone others'. 

Mr Carman told the jury 
that during the previous seven 
days of the case, h should ask 
itself if the law was being used 
in a proper and responsible 
way by an innocent victim 
seeking redress. He added: 
“Or is it being cynically 

“You have listened with 
care to the evidence on both 
sides in this extraordinary 

claim that may just deserve its 
place in the legal chronicle of 
our day. 

“Rarely, if ever, has so 
much other people’s moi 
been spent so freely, and for so 
long over such a trivial claim. 

“In that sense, this claim 
has a certain element of 
uniqueness. Rarely has such a 
naked attempt been made to 
ask a jury to swallow whole 
hearted! y a story which parts 
company with reality and 
contains many of the ingredi- 
ents of a fairy story." 

Mr Carman said the 
plaintiff's version of die 
events should begin like all 
good fairy stories with the 
words, “once upon a time”, as 
he went on to describe how the 
“lovable, honest, and decent 
public figure” along with his 
“minder”, Mr James Parker, 
started the journey home up 
the Ml. 

Then, Mr Carman said, it 
became a game of “let's 
pretend” with the “wicked” 
police officers suddenly ap- 
and following Mr 

He told the jury: “The facts 
of die case are in themselves 

trivial, and the Haim in 

ordinary circumstances would 
be so extremely trivial that no 
other similar claim would ever 
find its way into the High 
Court. This one does.” 

Mr Michael Mansfield, for 
Mr Scargill, asked the jury in 
his final address: “Did you 
detea a certain feeling during 
the bearing, one of hostility, a 
feeling of animosity, almost 
hatred, for Mr Scargill? 

“Also everything that could 
be possibly dredged up has 
been put before you. 

“This is in danger of becom- 
ing a trial of Mr ScargilL I 
have no doubt the police 
would want that to deflect 
from the real issues in the 

The hearing continues on 

Return to 
for heroes’ 

More than 60 members of 
the 10th Destroyer Flotilla 
(1944/45) Association will 
leave from Plymouth today on 
a sentimental pilgrimage to 
Brittany to visit the paves of 
naval men kffled in action and 
meet former French Resis- 
tance fighters they last saw 42 
years ago. 

The union National Des 
Combattants, based in Brest, 
wffl be hosts for die four-day 
visit which win mdmfe civic 
receptions and parades in the 
towns of RoscofE, Brigaogan, 
Le Folgoet and Pkmescat 
The former seamen from 
Britain, Poland and Canada, 
who served with the battle- 
ships and minesweepers of the 
Royal Navy's 10th D e stroyer 
Flotilla, wffl also visit a former 
German concentration camp 
near the town of Landivisian, 
where many local people and 
resistance fighters died be- 
cause they helped the Allies. 

“It Is a very sad, wonderful 
trip for all of ns In oar twiUgbt 
years. We especially want to 
meet the resistance fighters, 
many of whom we last remem- 
bered as young girts, with 
rifles slung over their shoul- 
ders; running down to uteri us 
on die Brittany beaches to 
collect orgeat food and medi- 
cal supplies,” Mr John Bull, 
aged 64, a former able seaman 
and gamier, said at his home 
in East Ham, east Loudon. 

Some naval veterans are too 
frail, however, to go on the 
pilgrimage, including the 
association's patron, retired 
Captain Basil Jones, DSO and 
Bar and DSC (Captain “D"), 
aged 85, who lives in Toll- 
gates, Battle, Sussex. 

Mr Bull said that Captain 
Jones, who was commander of 
the flotilla, in charge of 11 
destroyers, had inspired his 

“We would have followed 
Captain Jones to the end of the 
world. He was a bora leader 
and we only wish he was 
strong enough to make the 

Mr Bull, who became a 
dockland worker after the war, 
said the trip had 18 
months to p lan. 

Members from Wales, Scot- 

English Heritage 
fails to boy a 
surrealist dream 

The chance to saye 
Monkton House, wit h its 
uniq ue combination of surre- 
alist and “vogue regency” 
furnishings, for the nation war 

fp< hang in g from the windows. 

Salvador Dali advised on 
die furnishing and designed 
some of the pieces, such as the 
sofa in the form ofMae West's 

to seO most of the 

contents through Christie’s. 
English Heritage, which had 

lost yesterday as the owners . lips. The rest of the fiimisb- 
* -* mgs were mainly decorative 
although not unusual regency 
pieces, a style James rediscov- 
ered ahead of his time. 

James died last year, leaving 
“his estate to the trustees of the 
Edward James Foundation, 
which runs The family home. 
West Dean, nearby, as a craft 
college. It has deemed to sell 

A vast miscellany of art and 
furnishings, indndmg regency 
and other period pieces, from 
the Janies homes win be 
auctioned at West Dean, East 
Sussex, from Ju ne 2-6. 

Only smieafet furniture 
made specifically for the 
house wul be retained. This 
will be offered to the 
of Monkton; otherwise 
it will be kept by the founda- 
tion. Several private buyers 
are said to have expressed 
interest in the house without 
the furniture, but no firm offer 
has been' made so far. 

■ Sale room, page 19 

her in buying the little Lutyens 
house, set in Sussex wood- 
lands, had been given until 
April 30, then unto May 2, to 
find the £U million purchase 

An approach to the Nation- 
al Heritage Memorial Fund 
for financial aid was refused 
10 days ago and no white 
has come forward. A 
ic appeal launched by 
raised a little more than 


Monkton House belonged 
to Edward James, the million- 
aire patron of the surrealists, 
and other poets, musicians 
and artists of the 1930s. He 
inherited the Edwardian hunt- 
ing box from his father and 
transformed it into a surreal 
palace in the woodlands, with ' 
metal drain pipes shaped as 
palm trees and plaster draper- 

A bemedalled Mr Bull at the start ofhis sentimental journey 
back to Brittany (Photograph: Chris Harris). 

land, England, and Canada 
will hold a reunion in Plym- 
outh before leaving* 

Leafing through hundreds 
of photographs of the battle- 
ships, crews and resistance 
fighters in his east London 
attic, Mr Bnfl recalled the 
heroic supp ort of the Brittany 

On April 29, 1944, the 
Canadian destroyer, Athabas- 
kan, was torpedoed off the 
coast of Brittany. Tbe 
townfolk of Pkwescat were 
ordered by the German au- 
thorities to bury foe dead 
seamen In a mass grave out- 
side tbe town. But the locals 
returned to tbe mass grave by 
night to remove the bodies and 
buried diem in individual 

graves as a mark of respect 

“The Gomans, la reprisal, 
rounded up 70 local people and 
sent them to the conc en tr atio n 
camp near Lamtivisiaa. Only 
20 or so survived their ordeal 
and we hope to meet some of 
these brave people,” Mr Ball 

“I also remember the young 
girl resistance fighters. They 
looked like Mexican bandits, 
dressed m their bright skirts, 
berets and carrying rifles. Now 
many are grandmothers, still 
living in the area.” 

The seamen will fafa then- 
standard, complete with hereto 
white gauntlets and Mack silk. 
A painting, depicting an action 
off the French coast, will be 
presented to the French hosts. 

Accidents at 
start inquiry 

• A safety inquiry began yes- 
terday after two boys were 
badly hurt on a fairground 

; Stuart Hagan, aged 15, of 
r Reeders Court, Great 
: Baddow, Essex, fractured his 
■! skull when he was thrown off 

• the “Mexican Hat" at Chelms- 
ford, Essex. 

• In a separate incident, Jason 
Fulbrook, aged 14, from Kent, 
broke his ankle when he fell 
off the same ride. Both boys 
were taken to Broomfield 

‘Hospital, Chelmsford, after 
■the accidents on Thursday 
night. Stuart Hagan's condi- 
tion was said to be “fair" and 
the other boy was described as 

Government inspectors 
checked safety catches on the 
' ride yesterday. Tbe fairground 
said that the boys were injured 
when they tried to jump off 
the ride while it was still 

Science report 

Buried clues to the ancient climate 

By Jody Redfearn 

The fossil record is our best 
doe to the evolution of life and 

the winr tiiiHUMil fo prplif^ nrir 

times, but the pktrae it gives is 

In addition, the record pro- 
vides in fo r ma tion only about 
those creatures, generally 
bard-bodied, that make good 

Now, a new technique prom- 
ises to show far more than the 
fossil record ever could of 
early life, by seeking organic 
molecules in sediment under 
the ocean bed. 

The areankawfeenks from 
which cells are made are the 
only trace left by many organ- 
isms. Debris frmn those living 
on land finds its way to the 
ocean in riven or on the wind, 
and sinks to the sea-bed whore 
it is gradually buried by 
farther layers of sediment 

The debris is transformed, 
under certain tiraunstances. 

to oil, bat inost of ft lies boned 
in rock strata, changed beyond 
all obvious recognition, 
rr -However— some molecules, 
especially the fatty lipids, 
remain relatively fotect, and 
those are tbe key to the new 

Researchers at Bristol Uni- 
versity and rt tbe University of 
Kiel, West Germany, applying 
the technique for the firat time, 
have found that the buried 
lipids give dues about ancient 

This is because fatty lipids 
are main constituents of the 
membranes that surround 
cells, and cells adjust the 
composition of toe those lipids 
in their membranes according 
to temperature changes. 

Professor Geoffrey Eglinton 
and Dr Simon Brassell, from 
Bristol, point out that such 
lipids are also component 
molecules of margarines and 
butter, and the behaviour of 

those twio substances illus- 
trates tbe phenomenon that 
scientists use in looking at 
^molecules of undent origin. 

Margarine, which is high in 
uusaturated fats, spreads 
straight from the refrigerator, 
whereas butter, which is high 
in saturated fats, does not 
Organisms in cold conditions 
alter die composition of their 
lipids so that most are unsatn- 
rated. In warm conditions, the 
proportion of saturated lipids 
goes np- In that way, a marine 
organism ensures that it re- 
mains flexible in add water, 
Eke margarine, and does not 
turn rigid like batter. 

That is the strategy adopted 
by many present-day marine 
algae. So might it not also 
have been used by their an- 
cient counterparts? 

Dr Brassell and Professor 
Eglinton decided to examine 
tiie- molecular record frozen in 

a core of deep-sea sediment 
They found a variation in toe 
ratio of saturated to unmturat- 
ed fatty lipids which correlat- 
ed well over the past jOOJMW 
years with changes in ocean 
temperature, already known 
from measurements of the 
oxygen isotope ratio, toe only 
other technique so far svafl- 
aMe for mcasaiina such 
changes. The fatly Hpid meth- 
od, however, may allow more 
comprehensive temperature 

Other possibilities for 
gleaning mere about the an- 
cient environment from toe 
molecular record include a 
study of plant debris Mown 
from the land into the ocean. 
Dr Brussell suggests that such 
work could show toe history of 
wind pattens and iff toe 
growth of different plant types 
in particular regions. 

Source: Nature voi 320, pp 129- 
133, 1986. 

Ports alert 
in ‘tug of 
love’ cases 

Children who are made 
wards of court are being given 
extra protection to stop them 
being smuggled out of the 
country through British parts. 
FTOm yesterday tile police 
gan operating a 24-hour 
alert service with immigration 
officers to identify those at 

This mo ve is to speed up the 
process by which ports are 
given the identification of 
“tug of love” children who are 
in danger of being abducted 
and taken abroad by a parent 
Under the old system of the 
Child Abduction Act 1984, a 
parent who felt his or her child 
was at risk of unlawful remov- 
al had to ask the Home Office 
to put out “port stops”, to 
warn immigration. More than 
500 such stops are issued each 
year. - . 

Mr" David Meflor, Parlia- 
mentary Undersecretary of 
Slate at the Home Office, said 
of foe revised procedure: “If 
we are to stop children being 
unlawfully removed from this 
country, speed is essential 

although it is not possible to 
give a cast-iron guarantee that 
in every case of a port alert a 
child wfl] be successfully 
picked out” 

Parents who fear their child 
could be abducted are advised 
to get in touch with their local 
police, who will then inform 
pmt immigration offices. The 
offices win keep the child's 
name on file. . 

Tiger attack 

Neil Matthews, a tent erec- 
tor, was taken to hospital with 
chest cuts after being attacked 
by a tiger yesterday at Gmy 
Cottle’s Circus winter quarters 
at Addtestone, Surrey. He was 
released after treatment. 

St James’ Court still retains most of its original Victorian features. 
Courtesy and service in particular. 

Sl James' Court occupies a superb position midway 
between Westminster and Buckingham Palace. 

Built at the turn of the century as a showcase of 
gracious Victorian living, it has now been magnificently 
restored and richly furnished as a premier world-class 
hotel and apartment complex, with 400 individually 
styled rooms, suites and apartments. 

It offers a tantalising blend of Victorian opulence and 
international sophistication for business or pleasure. 

For instance, you may follow an aperitif in the Oriental 
cocktail bar with specialities from our Auberge de 
Provence restaurant. Or linger over Szechuen Cantonese or 
Peking delicacies in the magnificent Inn of Happiness 
restaurant. Or take advantage of our extensive banqueting 

Sl James’ Court promises to be rather more than just 
another five-star hotel. 

Prepare yourself for our world of luxury and service. 

i «.;■ 



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Lady Lichfield c onfirme d 
yester da y that she and her 
husband, the photographer 
Patrick Lichfield, are to seek a 

Speaking «f the apparent 
faflnre of theft recent trial 
separation and the forthcom- 
ing end of the 11-year mar- 
riage, she said: “ft is very 

Five hurt 
in shotgun 
attack at 
gypsy site 

Five people were taken to 
hospital with gunshot wounds 
after a gang of a least six men 
armed with shotguns stormed 
a gypsy caravan site at 
Sbadoxhurst, near Ashford in 

A witness said: “Three cars 
polled up sear the gypsy 
caravans. Haifa dozen aimed 
men tumbled out and started 
blasting away with shotguns. 

He said the attack was 
believed to be made fry other 
gypsies seeking revenge after a 
recent court case. 

Lisa Lee, aged six, her 
brother, Stephen, aged 13, 
Emily Lee, aged 29, and Alfred 
Down, aged 21, were released 
from hospital after treatment, 
but William Lee, aged 32, was 
detained overnight after the 
incident on Thursday. 

Det Chief Insp Owen Taylor 
said that two men and a boy 
were being questioned by 

Youth threw 
brick in riot 

Robin Hurkoo, aged 17, 
who joined last September’s 
riots in Brixxon, south Lon- 
don, “out of boredom”, was 
sentenced to six months’ 

Lady Lichfield said at her 
Eaton Square apartment yes- 
terday that ft was . true toe 
couple were to d i vorce “in the 
next few weeks”. 

Legal proceeding* are said 
to be amicable and Lady 
lichfieM agreed that she re- 
garded tbe divorce as “totally 
without acrimony ” . 

The couple, who married fa 
March 1975, have three chfl- 
dren, son. Lord Anson, who is 
seven, and daughters Lady 
Rose and Lady Eloise. ^ 

It is mtderatood that Lady 
Lichfield, sister of the Duke of 
WertmJpker, is .to share, toe 
childr en* custody with her 

Lord Lichfield, aged 47, 
who is a great-nephew of the 
Queen Mother, was hack 
working at his Staffordshire 
home yesterday. He has been 
firing with an rid Army friend. 

At the time of die couple’s 
separation, he was reported as 
saying: “There is no-one else 

He has described himself as 
a workaholic and once Mamed 
his career for toe marriage 

BSs I8to-centmy country 
home, Shegberowgh, is owned 
by toe National Trust, and 
Lord I.ichfieM retains a wing 
and 6,000 sysnmndfng acres. 

The Eari, who has woo 
professional renown for his 
■apfes of beaatifrd wom- 
caleudars, was yester- 
day Staring advertisements. 

youth custody at tbe Central 
Criminal Court yesterday af- 
ter he admitted throwing a 
brick ai a police cordon. 

Judge Michael Axgyte, QC 
commended Police Constable 
Mathew Smith for his “great 
in arresting Hurkoo, 
lock House, Camber- 
well, who was part of a mob of 
200 . 

Inquest opens 
on fire officer 

An inquest on Mr George 
Lodge, aged 50, the Hampton 
Court fire officer whose body 
was found in the Thames sl 
T hames Ditton in Surrey 
three weeks after the Easter 
Monday fire that damaged the 
royal palace, was opened and 
adjourned at Epsom coroners* 
court yesterday. 

Dr Roger Ainsworth, pa- 
thologist, said the cause of 
death was drowning. The in- 
quest will resume in three 

Five years for 
raped woman 

* A woman who toot dead a 
neighbour who raped her was 
sentenced to five years jail at 
Leeds Crown Court yesterday 
after pleading not guilty to 

The court was told that Mrs 
Yvonne Hey, aged 27, a 
divorcee, of Oldfield Road, 
Honley, Huddersfield, West 
Yorkshire, had fired eight 
rounds of toot at close range 
into John France; aged 55, a 
gamekeeper, as he lay in bed at 
his cottage. 

No dispensation 

An application by the Co- 
Operative Bank to knock a hole 
for a cash dispenser in the wall 
of the listed premises it uses in 
St Vincent Street, Glasgow, has 
been rejected by Glasgow dis- 
trict counriTs planning commit- 
tee because it would spoil the 
building’s appearance. 


Warning to tourists 

Contaminated wine found in Britain 


One bulk consignment ofltafian 
vermouth to Britain has been 
found to be contaminated with 
methynol at fairly low level. 
Lady TrmnpiBgttm. Under Sec- 
retary of Stale, Health and 
Social Security, said durum 
questions in the House of Lords. 
She had earlier said that no 
contamination of Italian wine 
had been dis c ov e red in stocks 
on sale or in distribution. 

The public, grocers and res- 
taurateurs had been warned not 
to drink any Italian wine unless 
h bad been tested. The wine 
trade had been testing stocks 
and imports were being sampled 
and tested by port authorities. 
The Earl of Eiaod (C) asked 
under what label suspect wine 
was sold and whether any wine 
imported in bulk to Britain or 
other countries outside Italy had 
been discovered to be contami- 
nated and what tests were 

Lady Trnuphgtan: A Kst has 
been oompuea by the Italian 
authorities and a hst of bottlers 
has been published by the 
Ministry of Agriculture, Fish- 
eries and Food. We have not 
been supplied by tbe Italians of 
individual brand names, no 
doubt because bottlers fre- 
quently supply several brands. 
To find the bottles with 
contamination it is necessary to 
find the bottlers name rather 
than the brand name. - 

Following numerous tests by 
the wine trade, only one 
comtaminated consignment >«« 
been found m tbe. United King- 
dom — a bulk consignment of 
Italian vermouth which was 
tested on arrival and found to 
contain methynol at a fairly low 

Lord Malloy (Lab): The Gov- 
ernment ought not to be con- 
cerned with brands or'labeb but 
to say that the lot is banned. To 
look for brand names is an 
absurdity. Tbe G ove rnm ent 
should say: “Do noueD or drink 

Bill passed 

The Children and Young 
Persons (Amendment) Bilk a 
private Member’s Bill 
originally intended to involve 
the courts in derisions over 
whether, children, in care should 
be returned . to their parents 
was read the third time in the 
Commons, but with its nmfa 
provisions deleted. 

Mr Derate Walters (Westbury, 
O, the BilTs sponsor, moving 

tbe third reading, said he had 
not achieved as much as he 

had hoped but he wa 2 s satisfied 
diat a useful measure had been 
introduced and that a worthy 
piece of legislation had been 

•The Health Service Joint 
Consultative Committees 
(Access to information) Bill . 
was read the third time and the 
Forestry Bill was read a second 

Italian wine untO we say so”. 

Lady TnrapingtaK I have al- 
ways believed that a little of 
whar yon fancy does you good. 
The Italian decree came- into 
force in March harming n u 
export of all wines unless 
accompanied by a certificate of 
freedom from contamination by 

Lord Strabolgl (Lab) asked what 
advice the Government had for 
British tourists toltaly. 

Lady Tramptagtra: They are in 
the same position as the Italian 
population generally. The Ital- 
ian authorities have taken vig- 
orous action to deal with the 
problem, but visitors would be 
well advised to buy wine only 
from reputable sources. 

Lord Kraals (Lab): Is she 
satisfied that the trade in Britain 
has been widely circulated with 
those firms and bottlers which 
have been guilty of serious 
contamination? Can we have an 
assurance that the people who 
sell h all know where tbe danger 

spots and the dangerous bottles 

Lady Trumpington: Yes. 

She added later that the latest 

reports were that 23 people had 

dint and more than 50 were 
seriously ill in Italy as a result of 
thinking contaminated wine but 
mere were no reports of Alness 
from the United Kingdom. 

Lord B ruce of Dooingtoa (Lab) 
uttered the advice that those 
who liked to consume alcohol in 
moderate quantities should con- 
centrate on that produced in the 
United Kingdom for the time 
bring — particularly that from 
north of the Border. 

LadyTi ^ 

approve his : 

Royal Assent . 

The following Acts received 
Royal Assent: Gaming 

Amendment; Statute Law 
Repeals; Highways 

•Amendment; Yorkshire Water 

numerous countries 




- * -a* 

mnirma have toskucted us to 
awig raw ctoarad customs though 



The fad atoMonandl auction wa be heat 






■ 7 * .■■ ^ ** *** 




After Chernobyl: Safety study 

Russian story 

Shutdown doubt 

Aid accepted 



Ecologists order study 
of safety measures at 
European atom plants 

By Pearce Wright, Stience Editor 

A review of all the types of 
containment, or protective 
systems used in Europe's 
atomic power stations, which 
are meant to prevent radiation 
leaks escaping into the atmo- 
sphere. has been commis- 
sioned from a firm of nuclear 
engineering consultants by 
Friends of the Earth and 

It should he published by 
next T uesday. 

A proposal was also made 
yesterday for a commission, 
involving MPs and indepen- 
dent scientists, to look at the 
implications for Britain of the 
Chernobyl accident 

It came at a meeting called 
by the environmental groups, 
together with the Political 
Ecology Research Group. 

They challenged the view of 
Mrs Margaret Thatcher and 
Lord Marshall, chairman of 
the Central Electricity Gener- 
ating Board, that the 
Chernobyl- disaster had no 
relevance for the inquiry into 
plans for a nuclear power 
station at Sizewell. Suffolk. 

Mr Stewart Boyle, of 
Friends of the Earth, said over 
a third of the Sizewell inquiry 
concentrated on safely. There 
was wide criticism of how the 
CEGB assessed risks to the 
public from a leak. 

Moscow all clear 

The Foreign Office yesterday 
said it was no longer advising 
Britons to stay away from 
Moscow because of the danger 
of contamination, but travel- 
lers are still advised to keep 
away from the western Soviet 
Union and north-eastern Po- 
land, including Warsaw 
(Nicholas Ashford writes). 

Moscow was given the all- 
clear after independent Geiger 
counter readings by the Brit- 
ish Embassy showed that 
levels were normal. 

Mr Boyle said a risk assess- 
ment should be available on 
all reactors. None of the 16 
nuclear power stations in Brit- 
ain had the level of contain- 
ment proposed for Sizewell. 

Mr Peter Taylor, of the 
Political Ecology Research 
Group, said the first genera- 
tion of Magnox British reac- 
tors were at a level of 
technology of the Russian 

“They would not be given a 
safety licence to be built today. 
British reactors had little sec- 
ondary containment." 

Estimates by British Gov- 
ernment nuclear advisers of 
deaths from leukaemia and 

cancer over the next 10 to 30 
years as a consequence of the 
Soviet accident are in feet a bit 
more pessimistic than those 
made by Mr Taylor. 

When he applied the same 
computer analysis to the pos- 
sibility of a release from a 
nuclear power station at 
SizewelL the results were dis- 
missed as unrealistic. 

Meanwhile, three cargo 
ships arriving in Boston, Lin- 
colnshire, had traces of con- 
tamination. obtained when 
they were in the Baltic at the 
time of the accident But the 
levels were not high enough to 
hinder removal of the cargo. 

Elsewhere in Europe, there 
was little sign of the extension 
of the original cloud of radio- 
active material from- the 
Chernobyl reactor. 

The British Embassy in 
Moscow has sampled air and 
found no rise in the level of 
radiation. But it is sending 
samples of grass and food to 
London for testing by govern- 
ment scientists. 

The Government is advis- 
ing travellers to Eastern Eu- 
rope not to go to Kiev, western 
Ukraine, Minsk and Lithua- 
nia. and suggests caution in 
visiting northern Poland and 

Limiting secrecy damage 

Soviet envoy briefs 
Capitol Hill 

Caution on shutdown claim 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

European embassies in 
Moscow were yesterday treat- 
ing with caution a claim by an 
American scientific expert at 
fbe US Embassy that the 
Soviet Union has now shat 
down ail 20 midear reactors of 
the type which caused Friday's 
disaster at the Chernobyl 

The US claim, based on 
information gleaned from spy 
satellites, would signify' a ma- 
jor precantionary move which 
would involve the country in 
the loss of about 5 per cent of 
tbe total electricity generated. 

Because of a Soviet public 
holiday, the embassies were 
unable to secure immediate 
confirmation of tbe US report, 
which was leaked to selected 

Some diplomats noted that 
earlier US intelligence reports 
that a second reactor at 
Chernobyl had been affected 
by the disaster were later 
discounted in Washington. 

There are 39 nuclear reac- 
tors in the Soviet Union, IS of 
which are of the type that 
mysteriously exploded in the 
Ukraine releasing the lethal 
clouds of radioactivity. 

Scientific experts say that 
these, light-water-cooled 
graphite reactors are of a type 
unique to the Soviet Union. 
They are estimated to account 
for roughly half of the 11 per 
cent of the total Soviet electric- 
ity output generated by nucle- 
ar plants. 

By last night, tbe Soviet 
authorities — . who have main- 

tained obsessive secrecy about 
the disaster — bad given no 
information of any precautions 
being taken at other nuclear 
sites.There has been growing 
pressure on the Kremlin to 
open these for International 

Western governments have 
also tried unsuccessfully to 
secure approval for indepen- 
dent experts to travel to the 
Ukraine and assess tbe dam- 
age themselves. 

Diplomatic sources said last 
night that they believed the 
Kremlin would launch a full- 
scale propaganda offensive 
next week — when the four-day 
holiday ends - to counter 
mounting international .con- 
demnation of its handling of 
the disaster. • 

West German scientists cutting grass on the lawn of the Munich Radiation Research Centre 
for examination for possible contamination from the Chernobyl disaster. 


By our Foreign Staff 

Low-level fallout from the 
Chernobyl nuclear power 
plant was detected throughout 
France yesterday, reaching the 
Channel, and spread to the 
northern Netherlands. Aus- 
tria joined Poland and West 
Germany in imposing preven- 
tive health measures. 

The French meteorological 
board said that wind changes 
over the weekend should push 
the fallout back towards the 
Soviet Union. 

Radioactivity rose by more 
than 60 per cent in Luxem- 
bourg, and by 16 per cent in 
the Netherlands. 

East Germany said that 
radiation levels in East Berlin 
since the accident were more 
than 100 times higher than 
normal but not a danger to 

West Germany maintained 
strict controls on imports of 
fresh food from the east 
Radiation in the air over 
Switzerland, which had 
reached 10 times normal lev- 
els, began to foil But levels 
increased sharply in the Bal- 
kans after an overnight wind 
shift carried ~ radioactivity 
. sooth. Increased readings were, 
recorded in Yugoslavia, Ro- 
mania, and Bulgaria. 

aid offer 

New York (NYT) - The 
Soviet Union has accepted an 
offer of help in treating vic- 
tims of the nuclear accident at . 
the Chernobyl atomic power 

The acceptance of the offer, 
from an international bone 
marrow transplant organiza- 
tion, seemed to confirm sug- 
gestions in the West that there 
had been serious radiation 

Apart from immediate 
death, bone marrow failure is 
the most serious consequence 
of exposure to heavy radia- 
tion. Total bone marrow fail- 
ure is virtually certain to cause 
death unless a bone marrow 
transplant can be earned out. 

The acceptance came from 
the Soviet Embassy in Wash- 
ington, Dr Robert Peter Gale, 
chairman of the group's advi- 
sory committee, said. He said 
he would leave immediately 
for Kiev, where he planned to 
meet Soviet doctors to deter- 
mine what needs to be done. 

Since the first disclosure of 
the Chernobyl accident, sever- 
al American experts have 
speculated that there might be 
cases of bone marrow failure 
among the victims if there was 
considerable release of pene- 
trating gamma ■ radiation: It - 

Dr Gale on his way to 
Kiev yesterday, 
was because of that possibility 
that the transplant group, the 
International Bone Marrow 
Transplant Registry, offered 

Dr Gale, a bone marrow 
transplant expert from the 
University of California at 
Los Angeles, is the chairman 
of the advisory commmittee 
of the registry, which is a 
consortium of 128 transplant 
teams from 60 nations. 

-- During the-past fewtiays the 
Soyjet Union .has declined, 
several other offers of assis-' 
lance from abroad. 


The almost unprecedented 
testimony of a Soviet official 
before a congressional hearing 
is dearly a belated attempt by 
the Russians to control the 
enormous damage Soviet se- 
crecy over the unclear accident 
is doing to American trust in 
the Krem Ira's sincerity iu 
arms control negotiations. 

Mr Vitaly Churkin, a sec- 
ond secretary and arms control 
specialist at the Soviet Embas- 
sy here, said be was respond- 
ing, at short notice, to the 
House energy sub-committee's 
■irritation to testify as a sym- 
bol of his Government's will- 
ingness to be "very 

Although he parried sharp 
questioning for over an hour, 
drawing some laughter and 
respect for his diplomatic 
skill, be revealed nothing be- 
yond the terse official state- 
ments from Moscow. 

Congress was impressed by 
bis appearance, only the sec- 
ond by a Soviet official on 
Capitol Hill, but stiff 
“shocked and outraged" by 
the Soviet failure to notify 
neighbouring countries of the 
potential hazards from the 

Earlier ia the day, the 
House passed a formal resolu- 
tion deploring the lack of 

Americans used to an open 
press and blanket coverage of 
disasters iu this country — 
especially those as sensitive as 
nuclear accidents - have 
found it hard to understand 
Soviet secrecy. 

The accident has swamped 
television and newspapers 
here, hading to lurid and 
exaggerated speculation. The 
issue has become a matter for 
intense debate, even in high 

Tbe most common and dam- 
aging reaction has been: “If we 
can't trust them to tell the 
truth on this, how can we trust 
them on arms control?" 

A cartoon in tbe right-wing 
Washington Times showed Mr 
Mikhail Gorbachov, the Sovi- 
et leader, smiling and saying: 
“Trust me", while from his 
mouth bubbled nuclear energy 

The Administration, quietly 
retishing the ammunition that 
has given to those urging 
caution in negotiating with the 

Russians, has been careful not 
to exploit the damage done to 
Ae Soviet image. “They're 
usually a little dose-mouthed 
“bote these thins," President 
Reagan said with deliberate 

The White House pointedly 
nmed that this would not affect 
feis approach to Moscow on 
arms control, however, and 
that bad always been one of 

But the right-wing, with its 
emphasis on Soviet cheating in 
listing arms treaties, has 
been strengthened in insisting 
that Moscow cannot be trusted 
til stick by agreements. 

Without question, the dam- 
age to Mr Gorbachov's public 
image here has strengthened 
Mr Reagan's hand for any 
forthcoming summit meeting. 
As Senator John Glenn, a 
strong proponent of nuclear 
non-proliferation, said: “Mr 

Mr Churkin: typifies new 
breed of diplomat 
Gorbachov's pledge of open- 
ness and candour has gone 
down rbe drain." 

Revealingly.Mr Churkin 
gave the reason for the 
Kremlin's initial news black- 
out: Moscow had first to be 
sure of the extent of the 
disaster before saying any- 
thing, so as not to' alarm its 
own population unnecessarily. 

He pointedly referred to the 
shuttle explosion, saving that 
before jumping to conclusions, 
a government had first to hold 
aa inquiry. 

Aged 34 and fluent in 
idiomatic English, Mr 
Chorkin typifies the new breed 
of Soviet diplomats, attempt- 
ing to reflect tbe openness and 
polish that Mr Gorbachov 

Michael Binyon 

UN envoy 
on attack 

From Zoriana Pysariwsky 
New York 

Sir John Thomson, the 
British representative to the 
United Nations, chastised the 
United States Tor withholding 
about $70 million (£45 mil- 
lion) from its contribution to 
the regular UN budget. 

He told a special session of 
the General Assembly that if 
the LIS continued on its 
present course it would be in 
breach of its international 

Sir John also criticized the 
Soviet Union for refusing to 
pay ail its dues. “It is not 
acceptable or right for the 
superpowers to set such a poor 
example." he said. 

He called on the assembly 
to accept the package of 
proposals pul forward by 5c- 
iior Javier Perez de Cuellar, 
the Secretary-General, for re- 
ducing the projected $100 
million shortfall for this year. 

Iceland scraps 
ship row talks 

Revkjavik (Reuter) - Ice- 
land has scrapped a visit by a 
high-level LIS delegation due 
to discuss a bitter shipping 
dispute between the two coun- 
tries. diplomatic sources said. 

The delegation, led by State 
Department envoy Mr Ed- 
ward Dcrw inski. was to have 
discussed an American 
company’s use of dccades-old 
legislation to wrest lucrative 
shipping contracts for the US 
naval base at Kcffavik in 
Iceland from domestic fimts. 

Iceland's Foreign Minister. 
Mr Matthias Matthicsen. said 
that Ihe US had nothing to 
offer towards solving the 

budget agreed by 
weary senators 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

The US Senate has passed 
the first $1,000 billion (£645 
billion) budget in a dramatic 
session in which Republicans 
supported a large lax increase 
opposed by President Reagan 
in a last-ditch attempt to 
reduce the soaring Federal 

After two days of intense in- 
fighting among Republicans, 
weary senators finally passed a 
compromise budget by a 
strong margin of 70-25, in the 
early hours yesterday. 

The Senate budget contains 
$13.1 billion new taxes and 
cut defence spending by $19 
billion to reduce the deficit to 
$144 billion in fiscal 1987. 

The measure now goes to 
the US House, which begins 
work on the budget next week. 
House Democrats, who have 
vowed not to support tax 
increases unless President 
Reagan specifically endorses 
them, had waited to see what 
action the Senate would take. 

Much of the drama sur- 
rounding the compromise was 
broadcast live for the first 
time to Ihe .American public 
through closed circuit televi- 
sion. Included in the last- 
minute manoeuvrings were 
numerous phone calls to trav- 
elling While House officials in 
the Far East with President 
Reagan for the Tokyo eco- 
nomic summiL 

At one point. Senate major- 
ity leader Mr Robert Dole told 
Mr Donald Reran, the White 
House Chief of Staff that he 
had enough votes to kill the 
compromise version if the 
President wanted him to do 

But Mr Reagan gave the 

i", even though the 
bite House refused earlier to 
negotiate on a similar propos- 
al which contained bigger tax 
increases and larger defence 

After the vole, Mr Larry 
S peakes, the White House 
spokesman, issued a critical 
but not totally disapproving 
statement on board Air Force 
One en route to Tokyo. 

“The Senate has developed 
a budget package that falls 
short of the President's re- 
quested levels for a strong 
defence." the statement said. 
“It calls for additional reve- 
nues above the levels we 
believe appropriate. 

“The President has serious 
reservations, but we believe it 
is important that the Senate 
pass a budget for 1987 and tbe 
President recognizes their 

Indeed, it was the fear of 
producing no budget at all 
which prompted many sena- 
tors to swallow their differ- 
ences and agree to the 

During the long debate, it 
was noted that political polls 
show that the American peo- 
ple are serious about deficit 
reduction in this mid-term 
election year and that finan- 
cial markets would react ad- 
versely, perhaps violently, if 
there was no budget at all. 

Nonetheless, sharp political 
differences remain over the 
right course to lake in reduc- 
ing the Federal deficit, project- 
ed at $203 billion this year. 

The budget now faces an- 
other difficult battle in the 
Democrat-control led House. 

Pledge of sanctuary for refugees 

From Trevor Ffshlock 
New York 

Leaders of the Sanctuary 
Movement, which gives shel- 
ter to thousands of refugees 
from Central America, said 
yesterday that the conviction 
nf right church workers on 
charges of smuggling aliens 
into the United States will not 
deter them from their work. 

The six-month trial of 11 
Sanctuary workers in Tucson. 
Arizona was seen as a confron- 
tation between law and con- 
science, Since the informal 
movement started four years 
ago, it has been backed by 300 
churches which run a kind of 
“underground railway." espe- 
cially for refugees from El 
Salvador and Guatemala. So 
far it has helped more -than 
3.000 neoole. 

About 20 cities, and tbe 
slate of New Mexico, have 
also embraced the cause. Cit- 
ies are defying the Govern- 
ment and declaring themselves 
places of refuge, saying that as 
far as possible within the law, 
they will not help immigration 
agents hunting illegal immi- 
grants from Central America. 

Sanctuary leaders say that 
their motives are humanitar- 
ian and that the people they 
assist meet the conditions of 
the 1980 Refugee Act iu 
fearing persecution in their 
own countries. But the Gov- 
ernment says the people 
helped by tbe Sanctuary 
Movement are economic refu- 
gees and have no right to stay 
m the US. 

The Reagan Administration 
views the movement as a 

challenge to its Central Ameri- 
can policy. It is anxious to 
show that the political climate 
in El Salvador is hnproving, 
and this aim would not te 
helped by granting asylum to 
large numbers of 

The Government prosecuted 
the case as mm of straight- 
forward smuggling and it 
brought charges against 11 
activists who included two 
Roman Catholic priests, a nun 
and six church lay workers. 
Defence lawyers were angry 
because the judge refused to 
bear any moral or religious 

The eight convicted of help- 
ing illegal aliens will be sen- 
tenced in Jaly. Three others 
were acquitted including Mr 
Jim Corbett, one -of the 
founders of tbe movement. 


Ankara (Reuter) - Three 
Libyans named in connection 
with an attempt to bomb a US 
officers' dub in Ankara have 
. diplomatic immunity and 
cannot be tried. 

The Justice Ministry had 
inquired about the status of 
People's Bureau (embassy) 
bodyguard Abdulhamid al- 
Hadi Saduiu Mohammed Sha- 
ban Hassan. a Libyan cultural 
centre official; and Ail al- 
Zayyani. the Libyan consul in 

The Foreign Ministry bad 
replied that all three had full 
diplomatic status under the 
Vienna Convention, he said. 

Sadun. Hassan and an Is- 
tanbul-based Libyan Arab 
Airlines official flew home 
shortly after the alleged foiled 
bomb attempt. 

Fishermen on 
1, 500-mile trip 

Pretoria (Reuter) - South 
African immigration officials 
were questioning 76 men who 
arrived in Walvis Bay, Namib- 
ia, on a fishing boat after a 
gruelling 1. 500-mile voyage 
from Sao Tome and Principe. 

A government spokesman 
said it was not dear whether 
they wanted to stay. 

Two escape 
to West 

Munich (AFP) - Two East 
German soldiers have crossed 
to the West in the past 24 hours 
in separate bids, one after 
shooting a companion, the 
other through a water pipe. 

Bonder police said a 1 9-year- 
old soldier had shot his fellow 
patrol member, leaving him in 
a field and crossing to tbe West 
where he went to a hold at 
Ermershausen, in Bavaria 

Terror killing 

San Sebastian (Reuter) - 
Suspected Basque terrorists shot 
dead a 70-year-old retired tram 
worker while on his way to a 
game of cards with friends. 


Hoorn (AFP) - The oldest 
Dutch citizen, Mrs Margaret ha 
Eyken. died here at the age of 
1 10 years, five months and ten 
days, foiling by only one day to 
beat the national longevity 

Bunny hop 

Cagnes-sur-Mer (AFP) — 
Gribouille. a conjurer's rabbit 
was preparing to take the stage 
again after being flown thou- 
sands of miles from Brazzaville 
in the Congo to the French 
Riviera to nave a broken leg 





40 years on: the tale 
of two pieces 


...And now for 
the good news 


Matthew Parris on 
Gladstone’s diaries 


88 pages plus the largest colour magazine 





Western leaders on diplomatic trail to Tokyo summit Black tfehop frfitd 3fl hofiT 

Thatcher visit 
raises hope 
of Seoul deal 

From David 

Memories of the British 
contribution to the freedom of 
South Korea and continued 
support for its independence 
set the tone when Mrs Marga- 
ret Thatcher arrived last night 
for the first visit by a British 
Prime Minister. 

But British diplomats are 
hoping it will not merely be 
Korean War memories which 
will make up the centrepiece 
of the visit 

There were hints before the 
visit that the South Koreans 
may offer what one diplomat 
called “a very exciting” new 
agreement between the two 

So for there has been no 
firm indication of what may 
be in the offing, but specula- 
tion centres on access to the 
Korean securities market for 
British companies, which are 
queuing up for licences to 
operate in this important new 

Also suggested is the possi- 
bility of a new arms deal with 
Britain which could involve 
the British Aerospace Hawk 

Daewoo, a Korean compa- 
ny, has just reached agreement 
with British Aerospace for the 
manufacture of pylons for the 

Though Mrs Thatcher 
seemed to pay little attention 
to President (Thun's struggle 
with the opposition over in- 
creased democratization dur- 
ing his recent visit to London, 
a. leading member of the 
opposition, Mr Kim Young 
Sam, will be at a reception at 
the British Embassy this 

Mrs Thatcher's first day 
begins with a visit to the 
National Cemetery in Seoul 
where she will lay a wreath. 

She will then hold a round 
of talks with President Chun, 
vin an arrival statement last 
night she said that the talks 
she would be having with the 
President would “allow us to 
continue the dialogue so hap- 
pily begun in London. 

■; “I hope that the two visits 
will testify- to the good rela- 
tions between our two coun- 
tries and will be seen as 
forming the basis from which 
we build a growing partner- 
ship not only in the political 
but also in the commercial 
mid economic fields.” 

Watts, Seoul 

This afternoon Mrs Thatch- 
er is to fly north to the 
demilitarized zone between 
North and South Korea. 

Later she will see the site of 
perhaps the most famous Brit- 
ish contribution to the Korean 
War, when a battalion of the 
Gloucestershire Regiment 
held off the advancing Chi- 
nese north-east of Seoul to 
give the retreating UN forces 
time to reorganize. 

At the site. Gloucester Val- 
ley, she will lay another 
wreath before returning to 
Seoul for a state banquet 
hosted by the President. 

Seventy-four thousand Brit- 
ish personnel were sent to 
fight in the Korean War, 
including 57,000 soldiers. 

When the war ended in 
1953, 606 British soldiers had 
been killed, almost 2,500 had 
been wounded and more than 
1,100 were missing. 

Tomorrow Mrs Thatcher is 
to fly south to visit the PDhang 
steel works, for which the 
British Davy oompay has been 
awarded a contract for the 
construction of two Mast 

At the end of her visit 
tomorrow Mrs Thatcher flies 
to Tokyo for the meeting of 
leaders of seven industrialized 

before clerics’ jail protest 

From Kay Kennedy, Jotsanseslmg 

A Mack bishop was freed 
from prison yesterday one 
hour before the Rt Rev Des- 
mond Tutu. Anglican Bishop 
of Johannesburg, was d ue to . 
lead clerics in a protest march 
to the jail's gates. 

A scheduled prayer service 
for the release of the Rt Rev 
Sigisbert Ndwandwe, Angli- 
can Bishop suffragan of the 
West Rand, was quickly sub- 
stituted by a service . of 

He was detained last -week 

under tire Internal Security 
Act and taken to prison in 
Klerksdorp in the south-west- 
ern TransvaaL 
When Bishop Tutu arrived 
in the town yesterday he was ' 
met by tire local police com- 
mander and told that an hour 
earlier Bishop Ndwandwe had 
been charged in court with 
alleged incitement and re- 
leased without bail. ' 

At the thanksgiving service 
in the local Anglican church 
which Bishop Ndwandwe at-, 
tended, Bishop Tutu prayed 
for the release of other detain- 
ees who, be $aid, were bong 
held unfairly. . 

Meanwhile, Sbuth Africa’s ' 
Roman Catholic bishops do- 
dared yesterday that .they 
were in favour of increased 
economic pres sure to speed 

refor m ifit did not cause more, 
people to be put out of work - 

The ratter equivocal state- 
ment was issued by the South- 
ern African Catholic Bishops 
Conference after a three-day 
meeting in Durban. . 

Bishop Tutu has openly 
called for economJc'sanctidns 
against South Africa, but the 
Catholic priesthood and laity 
are split on the issue. 

Whites walked angrily ora 
of Masses in Johannesburg 
last weekend when they were 
asked to indicate how they 
felt ; 

A group of priests in Dur- 
ban voted 35-4 against tire 
sanctions and disinvestment, 
which they said would cause- 
increased hardship and posa- 
ble further- violence. 

Fatter Angus -Mackannon, 
who chaired the meeting, said 
yesterday that there would be 
strong reaction and probably 
more walk-outs if the state-, 
ment by the bishops was read " 
in churches. 

The bishops made no direct 
reference to disinvestment in 
their statement, but said:, "ft 
seems the most effective of 
non-violent forms of pressure 
left is economic pressure.” 
They acknowledged that Cath- 
olics were not obliged to 
with them, but said that 

statement, gpve a clear lead to 
be taken seriously. 

Blacks streamed back to 
work yesterday after their 
massive “srayawy” on May 
Day, which brought industry 
and commerce in many pans 
of the country almost to a bah. 

Police reported that eight 
people, two of them. 'black-' 
policemen, had been killed in* 
an upsurge of toWMhip vio- 
lence overnight. Nearly TOO 
had been arrested. 

At Waxtvifle township in 
the East Rand, a black police- . 
man was “ncckfeced” after a 
youth was shot dead in a dash 
which - followed a May Day 
tally. The police said the. 
constable was cornered in his 
home and shot dead one of bis ' 
attackers before he was killed. 

A second black constable 
was waylaid and killed in : a ' 
street in Eereteros township 
near Pretoria. 

The police report said that 
another tally woiuKted " man 
staggered into a police station 
at ActonviOe, near Besom, 
east of Johannesteig.- but 
collapsed and died before he 
could tell who had shot him. - - 
-The baBet-riddled body -of- 
anothe r man was found in the 
same township. Three otter 

people were killed elsewhere 

agree by police gunfire. 

their Hope for Mandela? Page8 

Asean backs US on terror 

Nusa Du a. Bah' (Reuter) — 
President Reagan headed for 
the Tokyo economic summit 
yesterday after winning back- 
ing from six south-east Asian 
countries in his call for inter- 
national action against 

The President, whose visit 
here has been overshadowed 
by the Soviet nuclear accident, 
had with him a memorandum 
from the Association of South 
East Asian Nations (Asean) on 
its economic worries, which 
be said he would present to the 
summit when it opens in 
Tokyo tomorrow. 

He was seen off at Bali 
airport by President Suharto 
after a four-day stay on the 
tropical island which focused 
international attention on 
press freedom and alleged 

human rights abuses in 

Mrs Nancy Reagan was 
beaded for Malaysia and Thai- 
land, to follow ter interest in 
combating drug abuse. She 
will rejoin the President later 

During wide-ranging talks 
with President Suharto and 
the six foreign ministers of 
Asean yesterday, Mr Reagan 
offered US help for regional 
efforts to solve the problem of 
Kampuchea. He also prom- 
ised to present to the summit 
Asean concern about econom- 
ic protectionism and the fell- 
ing world commodity prices. 

In separate meetings with 
the six ministers, the US 
Secretary of State, Mr George 
Shultz, effectively neutralized 
public objections from Asean 
states to the US bombing raid 

on Libya, Asian diplomats 

Diplomats said that the 
Asean states — Indonesia, 
Thailand, Singapore, Malay- 
sia. Brunei and the Philip- 
pines — had expressed their 
approval for the drive against 
terrorism, while withholding 
support for the strike on 

Mr Reagan’s visit was 
marred by Indonesia's expul- 
sion of a New York Times 
reporter and two Australian 
journalists travelling on the 
white House press plane. 

An edition of the Interna- 
tional Herald Tribune was 
banned by the Attorney 
General's office because of 
critical articles about Indone- 
sia, and two pages in the latest 
issue of Time were tom out by 
the censor. 

A staff member at the 
Malaysian royal palace in 
Kim l« Lumpur kneels to 
serve pastries and tea to 
Mrs Nancy Reagan be- 
fore the start of a cultural 
show there. 

Meanwhile in Bang- 
kok, the Thai Govern- 
ment has assured the US 
that Mrs Reagan’s visit 
there, which begins later 
today, can safely go 
ahead, in sfrite of 
yesterday's dissolution of 
parliament (Nell Kelly 

Air Chief Marshal 
Siddhi Sawetsila, the 
Thai Foreign Minister, 
has urged the Thai people 
not .to ' create incidents 
during Mrs Reagan’s 
tint, which demonstrates 
her concern about .drug 

Police out in thousands to guard the few 

Tokyo - Never have so few 
been guarded by so many 
(David Watts writes). 

‘ The centre of Tokyo is 
virtually under martial few in 
readiness for the summit of 
seven industrial nations which 
begins this weekend. 

Riot police are on every 
main street, searching vehicles 
and making identity checks. 
Threats from left-wing radi- 
cals and the prospect that 
international terrorists might 
try to stage a spectacular 
operation daring the meeting 
and the subsequent visit of the 
Prince and Princess of Wales, 
have security forces on 

The focal point for the 
30,000 police on daily doty is a 
red building in the west of 
Tokyo. Its facade strong with 
banners denouncing the Gov- 
ernment, the white-belmeted 
guard on the roof and the door 

reinforced with steel plate are 
the dues to the headquarters 
of the Chnkakn-Ha, radicals 
who have declared that they 
will “smash” the summit as a 
manifestation oS worldwide 

access to the bald- 
ing is no mean feat Once 
inside the reinforced steel door 
the visitor most pause white 
the first door is closed by an. 
anonymoos member, swathed 
in helmet and towels to hide 
his identity, who then opens a 
second heavily-fortified door. 

Inside are the weapons of an 
all-ont war with the establish- 
ment: flags, staves and the 
occasional helmet. The mood 
is sombre — the group has 
been under siege by the police 
for years. Threats against the 
summit merely sore to height- 
en the tettshm. 

A soft-spoken man with 
dark, determined eyes behind 

his surprisingly fashionable 
glasses talks about his life as a 
professional revolutionary. 
Mr Katsumi Kanayama is 39 
but looks 20. He has been in 
jail seven times since the 
1960s. The summit, he says, is 
a meeting to start a world war 
ted by “the biggest terrorist, 

Kanayama and his im- 
mediate group are taken very 
seriously by the police, though 
their recent operations have 
done nothing more than incon- 
venience the pubBc. A rocket 
attack was launched on a US 
base, five hours after Mr 
Reagan's Fills struck at Col- 
onel Gadaffi. Any manifesta- 
tion of what Chukakn-Ha 
regards as “imperial Japan” is 
fair game. 

So for its homemade rockets 
have been less than spectacu- 
lar. With a range of about a 
mile they have teen fired at 

the Imperial Palace, the 
American Embassy and the 
Osaka police headquarters. 

Reports have it that the 
group has rockets capable of 
travelling much farther, and 
the possibility of a serious 
attack haunts the police. 

The group's support within 
the trade union movement 
appears to be extensive. Last 
water virtually the whole of 
Japan National Railways’ To- 
kyo commuter network was 
halted by co-ordinated 
throughout the city. One sta- 
tion was gutted by fire. 

Police believe that the group 
has 5,000 members. Mr 
Kanayama will give no figure 
for gmeral membership or 
trade anion involvement, but 
he chums that recent rallies of 
15,000 people indicate its 
grassroots support. 

The “inner revolutionary 

army” is node up of 100 or 
200 guerrillas, potice believe. 

Chukako-Ha incidents have 
killed some 46 people, accord- 
ing to the police. Some were 
policemen kilted in dashes 
over the new Tokyo airport at 
Narita, and others were mem- 
bers of a rival grotqi beaten to 
death in the 1960s and 1970s. 

For the most part, the police 
seem confid e n t of containing 
ft. But it is oufy one of op to 25 
radical groups with thousands 
of members. 

The threat of an internation- 
al terrorist operation, perhaps 
through the Japanese Red 
Army's links with Libya, 
makes the police more nervous 
than home-grown terrorism, 
■which has declined since the 
1960s. Despite strict immigra- 
tioa procedures one member erf 
the Red Army slipped into 
Japan unnoticed last year. 

Can you always get your copy of The Times/7 

Dear Newsagent, please deliver/save me a copy of The Times 



Victory by 
one party 
unlikely in 
Thai poll 

Fran Ne3 Kelly 

No single political party is 
likely to win an overall major- 
ity in Thailand's general elec- 
tion on July 27 although tbe 
Democrat Party is expected to 
take most seats with its leader, 
Mr Bhichai Rattakul, possibly 
becoming Prime Minister. An 
elected MP, he is now a 
Deputy Prime Minister. 

The Prime Minister, Gener- 
al Prem Tinsulanonda, who 
secured the King’s formal 
dissolution of Parliament late 
on Thursday night, has not 
made dear his own plans. 

ft is thought he will again 
offers himself to be appointed 
Prime "Minister by.a parlia- 
mentary majority. He has 
sensed inthat capacityfor the 
past six years, giving Thailand 
an- unusual- period, of stable 
rate under a civilian govern- 
ment. Any of the political 
parties would welcome him 
into their ranks if he chose to 
ran for ejection as an MP buz 
he is not expected to do so. 

Although some observers 
say the feu of the Government 
has left Thailand's political 
future wide open, the prevail- 
ing view is that General 
Prem’s years in office have 
enabled democracy to put 
down strong roots. 

It is thought that even a 
military strongman who 
might come to power with the 
support of sympathetic MPs 
would still have to respect the 
constitution. After the fell of 
the Government on Thursday 
its chief spokesman warned 
anyone contemplating a coup 
to “stop and think again.” 

An eminent political scien- 
tist said recently: “Young 
officers don't want General 
Prem” (as Prime Minister). 
They would like him replaced 
by General Artirit Kamlang- 
ek, tbe Supreme Commander, 
who must retire in August 

Thatcher terror draft for summit 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

When Mrs Thatcher arrives 
in Tokyo tomorrow for the 
seven-nation economic sum- 
mit she will have a draft 
declaration on terrorism in- 
tended to get the other partici- 
pants - especially Japan — to 
introduce similar measures to 
those approved by the Europe- 
an Community last month. 

However, although her 
summit partners share her 

concern about the spread of 
international terrorism, there 
are differing views about how 
best to fight it 

The Japanese do not believe 
an economic summit is the 
right venue for launching an 
international campaign 

Jariy want to avoid putting 
their name to a document 
specifically aimed at Libya, 

one of their mqjor oil 

Aware that terrorism is 
likely to edipse much of the 
economic discussion, the Jap- 
anese are drafting their own 
anti-terrorism declaration, but 
they will not recommend spe- 
cific action. 

The Americans have also 
prepared a draft declaration 
believed to be not dissimilar 
to Mrs Thatcher’s. 

Meeting ends in disarray 

Arabs fail to find 
a s ummit agenda 

Fez (Reuter) — Arab foreign 
ministers have footed , to agree 
on tbe agenda for a summit to 
work out a united Ante re- 
sponse to die American raids 
on Libya last month. 

A brief coanmmfone at the 
end of tiw two-day me eting 
said the ministers would meet 
again at a fetor date but did not 
mention the raids. 

The summit, which King 
Hassan of Morocco proposed 
to hold in Fez today, looked 
doomed when Colonel Gadaffi 
suggested it should meet in- 
stead at Sabha in tbe Libyan 

“One can say there is 
general consensus on holding 
a summ it The only problem is 
to fix tiie agenda,” theMoroc- 
can Foreign Minister, Mr 
Abdul Latif Filali, said after 
the meeting ended in- disarray 
on Thursday night - r 
* “Everybody thought it was 
necessary to hold -more talks 
and to meet again immediately 
after the Eid aJ-Fitr,” be said. 
The Eid al-Fitr marks the end 
of the Wamgrio w .month of 

which starts next 


Libya and Syria wanted foe 
smumfragentto to be r e st ricted 
to the Arab response to the US 
bombing. Iraq and the Gelf 
states wanted an enlarged 
agenda, headed by the Iran- . 
Iraq war. 

Conservative Arab states 
wanted Libya to ease its 
support for Iran in the war in 
exchange for a muted Arab 
response to the bombing. They 
argued that bran's recent of- 
fensive, in which it Occupied 
. the Iraqi city of Fan, was as 

nrnrh' Aggression i grintf the 

Arab people as the.US raids. 

The Libyan Foreign Muns- 
ter, Mr Kamal Hassan al- 
Mansoar, said he still hoped 
for a summit in Sabha. Coofes-, 
ence sources said Cokmel 
Gadaffi was unwitting to at- 
tend one outside Libya - 

The Seoetary-GenoaL of 
the Arab Xe^ne, Mr Chedli 
IQIb&iefened totheUSnudi 
in his.opemng addresses an 
aggression and a serious viofe- 
don of Libya's sovereignty.. . 

Waldheim rests hopes 
on young voters 

From Richard Bassett, Vienna 

Two days before Austrians 
vote In the most bitterly 
contested presidential election 
in their country’s history. Dr 
Kurt Waldheim addressed a 
crowd of several hundred in 
the centre of Vienna yester- 

He reiterated his feelings of 
disgust and horroral being tbe 
victim of “unfair and dirty” 
allegations in recent weeks. 

Appealing particularly to 
youtiger voters, he insisted 
yhai young Austrians would 
not allow their parents’ gener- 
ation to be branded as crimi- 
nals. . 

His words were upstaged 
somewhat by the impressive 

rhetoric employed by Dr Kurt 
Di email, a nlmproducer who 
was supporting Dr Waldheim 
and who made a remarkable 
speacb a few. minutes before 
the former SccretaryrGeneral 
of the United Nations tooklhe 
microphone. ■ 

“This great people .the 
glory of Austria children, of 
Andreas Hofer ^ ihjs people 
are not a race of Nazis ...-are 
not a people who need to ask 
for pardon!” 

Dr Dieman's speech 
whipped op the crowd's emo- 
tions so that Dr Waldheim's 
words- came as so mething of 
an anti-climax. 

Ail t he reasons why you no longer 

have to use Creosote. 

“Timber Care is harmless to plants. 
oTimber Care is dean and easy to use. 
oTimber Care’s colours last for years. 

“Timber Care has a low odour. 
oTimber Care goes a lot further. 

oTimber Care comes in a range of attractive woodshades. 

°Timber Care is made by Cuprinol. Enough said? 


CupnnpLLxd Adders ell home somerset BA] 1 ]\l Id *6*75 65151 •' . 

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~ .L.i 

piracy Bill 
lacks teeth 

Singapore (Reuter) — 
pore will remain a haven 
copyright piracy, unless loop- 
holes m a Bill designed to 
stamp it out are plugged, the 
International Federation of 
Phonogram and Videogram 
Producers said yesterda 
Under tbe Bill, which has its 
second reading on Monday, 
the onus is shifted to . the 
prosecutor to prove that copy- 
ri^fews were knowingly 

“Now if we find someone 
with a large number of tapes 
he must prove he did not 
intend to sell them. Under the 
new Bill we will have to prove 
the person was aware of the 
copyright laws ~ and that may 
be almost impossible.” the 
federation's lawyer, Mr Nico- 
las Garnett, said. 

The BilL he said, did- not 
require Singapore to join two 
international copyright con- 
ventions which give reciprocal 
protection to afi member 
countries irrespective of 
where a work is first produced 
“Tbe Bill should also have a 
irmumum penalty for copy- 
right infhpgements.-or judges 
will be able to impose small 
fines ofSSingapore 200 as they 
do- now.” Mr Garnett added 
The BUI provides for any- 
one found guilty of pirating 
records, cassette tapes, video 
tapes.; books or computer 
programmes Jo be fined a 
maximum SSrogapore 10.000 

almost 3Q null ton fake cas- 
settes were • exported from 
Singapore last year 

alert man 

From Robert Schml 

Tests have shown that 1 a 
man arrested at Amsterdam 
airport this week was* in 
possession of expIosivEsl'and 
detonators, Dutch police al- 
leged yesterday. 

They said a -tin found in his 
luggage contained 2tb of TNT. 
and six_ detonators were con- 
cealed in a transistor radio. 
The man has been c harg ed 
with illega l possession* of 
arms. ■ 

. Police are now working 'ipn 
the assumption that he is-a 
Japanese national aged 33, 
identified by police only by his 
initials, YU : .. ; 

They raid the passport had 
been authenticated. It says be 
is a resident of Athens, but be 
arrived m. Amsterdam .on 
-Thursday on a regular flight 
from Belgrade with the Yugo- 
slav airline JAT He: bsda 
Belgrade-Amsterdam . return 
ticket, but had not booked ms 
return flight ••• •;;-- 

Priboe said the maadenied 
transporting the explosives 
and refused to answer further 




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Aftermath of Golden Temple action 

Sikh ruling party split 

as terrorists 

Though the . operation to 
£" *Para^ Sftb extrem- 
es oat of the Golden Temple 
of Ainriisap has been warml y 

political persnasions outside 
the troubled staie of Punjab, 
rnf-^-Pi - 1 Barnala. the 
Ouef Mimaer, faces serious 
trouble o ver it within his state. 
. Las* night, two Punjab min- 
isters resigned from the state 
Gkbinet.ip protest agam^f the 
police, ^tion. They were Mr 
AmaruiderSingh, the Agricul- 
^ re- . Minister, and Mr 
Sqkbjuxter Singh, the Educa- 
tion Minister. 

Two other senior Sikh lead- 
ers— Mr Prakash Singh 
»nd Mr Gurch&ran Singh 
Tohra — .resigned from the 
wonting committee of the 
ntowrate political party. 

There has been an immedi- 
ate reaction fitim the terrorists 
who, after the police action 
repossessing the holiest Sikh 
shrine, promised a “crippling” 
reply- But there have also been 
signs of deep disagreement 

FYom Michael Hamlyn, Delhi 

within the ruling Sikh party, 
the AJcali DaL ' ' 

.The terrorist response came 
with a random massacre at a 
grain market at Tarn Taran, a 
centre of militant Sikh activity 
25 miles from Amritsar, when 
five Hindus were killed io 
indiscriminate firing. Two 
died on the spot, wmle three 
others died in . hospital later. 
The attackers escaped in the 

A Sikh politician, a member 
of the CongressO} party of Mr 
Rajiv Gandhi, the Prime Min- 
ister, was assassinated on his 
own doorstep in the village of 
Majitha* close by. He an- 
swered the door to killers 
Pfetrading to be visitors, and 
died immediately. His killers 
got away on foot 

A seventh victim died in a 
further shooting incident duly 

helicopter hovering overhead. 

Crowds at the temple were 
larger than they have been for 
the four- months since the 
militants seized control of it 

Bui a sign of the ^deej) 


Mr Suxjit Singh Hamate 
yesterday visited the temple to 
see for himself the way the. 
operation had gone. There was 
heavy security including a 

divisions within the 
party came when the Chief | 
Minister called a joint meeting 
of the slate legislative party 
and of the working committee 
to endorse the action of the 
government Many members 
found it convenient to stay 

The absentees included Mr 
P&rkash Singh Badal, a former 
chief minister, who has never 
fully reconciled himself to Mr 
Siajit Singh's leadership. He 
was consulted by anxious 
legislators as soon as news of 
the police action became 

Perhaps the most surprising 
of the senior absentees was Mr 
Amarinder Singh, the former 
Maharajah of Patiala, who has 
been a close friend of Mr 


Sri Lankan 
chief snatched 

Colombo — Clashes be- 
tween Sri Lanka's two Tamil 
guerrilla groups shifted to the 
eastern province yesterday, 
with the Tamil Ealam Libera- 
tion Organization threatening 
to kifl.all the rival Liberation 
Tigers Ealam if their captured 
leader is harmed (A Corre- 
spondent writes). 

Security forces said that 135. 
guerrillas of both groups had 
died this week. 

Bouquets and barbed 
wire for Miss Bhutto 

Karachi (Reuter) — Barbed 
wire barricades, heavy iron 
gates and several tons of rose 
petals await opposition leader 
Miss Benazir Bhutto when she 
arrives today for her first rally 
in Pakistan’s latest dty. 

Local authorities have tak- 
en unprecedented security 
measures, cordoning off the 
airport with more than 
100 , 000 ft of barbed wire and 
mobilizing more than 2,000 
police to control crowds, po- 

lice said. 

Miss Bhutto's Pakistan 
People's Party has organized 
several thousand “People's 
Guards” and covered Karachi 
with banners, flags and posters 
in the party's red, blade and 
green colours. 

Travel between Karachi air- 
port and the dty will be nearly 
impossible today as support- 
ers line the nine-mile route on 
which Miss Bhutto is to give 
12 speeches. 

Inquiry vindicates publication of tapes 

Wider use of phone-tapping 
urged by Australian judge 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

The bosses of oiganized 
crime in Australia dept less 

progress, -mvtsmatoran have 
seemed a si gnifi ca n t break- 
through- Then' jub&rioa can-: 
cents the report er a Royal 
Commission tabled -in Parlia- 
ment on Wednesday winch 
rules as authentic -thousands 
of boms of taped telephone 
conversations made between 
1968 and 1984. 

Its importance is that, al- 
though they woe made illegal- 
ly, the so-called Age tapes 
have finally been verified as 
an extremely valuable accu- 
mulation of information on 
organized crime operations in 
Australia. - 

The report, by Mr Justice 
Stewart, bead or the national 
crime authority, vi nd icates 
completely the decision two 
years ago by The Age newspa- 
per in Melbourne to publish 
extracts of the tapes, which he 
says were made by otherwise 
honest police “in the very 
difficult and often frustrating 
fight against deeply en- 
trenched organized crime” 

At' 'the same time, the 

commission's findings should 
embarrass those who tried to 
discredit the newspaper, in- 
cluding Mr Neville Wran, the 
Labor Prime Minister of New 
Sooth Wales; who. described 
foe tapes as “phony”, and a 
senior minister of the Hawke 
Labor Government who dis- 
missed them as “fakes.” 

-The fitO contents of the 
tapes remain secret Mr Jus- 
tice Stewart stasesin his report 
that he plans to use than to 
launch prosecutions against 
suspected miyor criminals. 

He goes on to say that 
phone-tapping has been a 
valuable weapon in the war on 
crime, and recommends that 
police be granted wider pow- 
ers to intercept phone conver- 
sations — at present confined 
to drug investigations. 

Among those whose conver- 
sations were illegally moni- 
tored and recorded were Mr 
Morgan Ryan, a prominent 
Sydney solicitor, and his 
friend Mr Justice Lionel Mur- 
phy, the High Court judge 
acquitted at a retrial this week 
of attempting to pervert the 
course of justice. 

Another man whose phone 

was bugged was Mr Robert 
Trim bote, bead of a big Aus- 
tralian drug syndicate, now a.] 

It emerged yesterday that 
since Mr Justice Murphy's 
acquittal new cbaxges-againsl 
him had been recommended 
by the prosecuting counsel 
but rejected by the Director of 
Public Prosecutions. 

The National Times, a 
weekly publication, reported 
that Mr Ian CaJlinan, QC, had 
sought to have conspiracy 
charges brought against the 
judge over a conversation 
which was reported by a 
former policeman. 

The claim, and the verifica- 
tion of the Age tapes,- makes it 
highly likely that public de- 

bate over the judge's position 
on the High Court bench wifi 


It is not disputed that he 
features in a number of taped 
conversations with Mr Ryan, 
who is himself facing criminal 

The liberal opposition has 
indicated that it might seek to 
have Mr Justice Murphy 
turned off the bench for 

US admits two nuclear 
subs ran aground 

From Mohshi AS 

Two United States nuclear 
submarines have run aground 
in Europe in the past two 
months, but Navy officials 
yesterday emphasized that no 
radiation leaked from their 
power plants and no crew 
members were injured. 

A Navy spokesman said foe 
miefear-po^red attack sub- 
marine Atlanta ran .aground 
on Tuesday in the Strait of 
Gibraltar. There was no dam- 
age to its unclear propulsion 
n. Atlanta went on to 
liar on its own power ■ 

The Nathanael Greene, 
armed with 16 Poseidon nu- 
clear missiles, ran aground on 
March 13 while submerged in 
the Irish Sea. It went to Holy 
Loch in Scotland under its 
own power. 

. Initial inspection showed 
no damag e to the propulsion 
system. There was some dam- 
age to the external ballast tank 
and rudder. The submarine is 
now back in Charleston, South 

The spokesman described 
as speculation a report that the 
Nathanael Greene was dam- 
aged so severely that it wifi be 
scrapped . 

Eight drowned 
as Kenya is 
hit by floods 

From Charles Harrison 

Large areas of Kenya are 
experiencing the heaviest 

rains for 1 0 years — a welcome , 
contrast to recent droughts but | 
one that is bringing problems 
with many roads impassable, 
bridges washed away and at 
least eight people drowned. 

At times, traffic in central 
Nairobi has been brought 
almost to a standstill with 
some roads under water. On 
Thursday the main road north 
from here was cm when a river | 
burst its banks. 

Aids vaccine a decade away 

From Iw Davis. Los Angeles 

Dr Jay Levy, of the Uoiver- 
sHy of California* has told 
Governor Gemge.Dedmiqian 
ofCaKwma that it wffl takeat 
least a decade to develop a 
raceme AMs* He is 

one of the first scientists in the 
world to isolate the Aids inrw. 

The bleak forecast Mowed 
the governor's recent tour of 
an Aids research laboratory, 
during which he looked 
through a microscope at celhs 
*ait*n from the month lesions 
of an Aids patient- 
The visit came. soon alter 

the reteas* of a lOO-page 

meeting the needs at Jxswi 
w-bteh predicted flat CrB- 

•amid increase w wiw®? 

those victims would 

readi S5 

year on 

millio n in research grants to 
the University of California 
for its work in the field. This 
represents an almost 700 per 

cent increase in California's 

Aids fending since 1983. 

In San Francisco, consid- 
ered the gay capital of Ameri- 
ca, Aids researchers are 

needed to develop a cure, those 
figures are woefully 

Dr Levy says ‘'Aids re- 
search is seriously underfund- 
ed and our progress is greafly 
compromised / 1 , 

Recent discoveries, be said, 
had opened whole new areas 
for research which needed 
more resources. 

There has also been severe 
criticism of the California 
report's recommendation of 
mandatory testing of high-risk 
groups, for the -presence of 
antibodies to the disease, and 
conclusions that np to. 30 per - 
ixflt of those Jeond to have - 

such antibodies can be expect- , 
ed to fall victim to Aids. 

Dr Robert Anderson, of the 
California Department- of 
Health, said the worst case 
scenario is based on a study m 
a recent issue of the New 
England Medical Journal, 
which indicates tint 29 per | 
cent of those who developed 
antibodies, over a four and a 
half year study period, had 
developed Aids. 

. But, be added: “The Centre 
for Disease Control in Atlanta 
more often uses the figures of 
from 5 to 20 per cent Of 
coarse onr stndies are stiQ so 
very new and so no one really 
knows for sore at this stage 
precisely bow accurate any of J 
oiff predictions are.” . 

Last week, the Deukmrjian 
iickly pitied 

administration quickly 
back from snggesttens of man- 
datory testing, emphasizing 
that the Health Department j 
was not proposing^ “ihdiscrimi- 
nme testing of members of the. 

public". . 

Haiti resignation 
calls amid falling 
support for junta 

Fran Alan Tomlinson. Port-au-Prince 

opposition groups which have 
rated junta, which only three emerged since February, ac- 
cused former members of 

The Haiti military-domi- 
ly tii 

months ago took over after the 

Mrs Brondtiand at the Royal Castle yesterday after Mr Wfiloch (below) resigned 

Labour government on 
the way in Norway 

Oslo (Reuter) — The Nor- 
wegian Government resigned 
yesterday and Mrs Gro Har- 
lem Brundtland, the opposi- 
tion Labour Party leader, was 
expected to announce that she 
had accepted an invitation to 
form a minority Government. 

The outgoing Prime Minis- 
ter. Mr Kaare Willocb. who 
resigned after his three-party 
coalition was defeated on an 
austerity budget vote, banded 
in his Government's resigna- 
tion to King Olav. 

overthrow of President Jean- 
Claude (Baby Doc) Duvalier, 
faces demands that it should 
step down. 

It has lost much of its early 
support because it has neither 
erradicated former associates 
of the Duvaliers from public 
office, nor brought to trial 
those accused of political 

The junta has also failed to 
outline a programme of social 
reform and economic recov- 
ery or to set a timetable for the 
general elections it promised 
upon taking office. 

What little credibility -it 
maintained evaporated in the 
smoke of automatic weapons 
fire on Saturday, when police 
opened fire on 3,000 demon- 
strators who had marched to 
the notorious Duvalier Fort 
Dimancbe dungeon on the 
Port-au-Prince dockside, to 
commemorate those who died 
during one of the worst peri- 
ods of oppression under Papa 
Doc. Baby Doc's father. ' 

Four people died from gun- 
shot wounds and three others 
were electrocuted when over- 
head power cables severed by 
police bullets crashed on the 
rain^drenched crowd 

The incident reinforced a 

Duvaliers Tomons Macoute 
militia, who were incorporat- 
ed into the security forces after 
being disbanded, of responsi- 
bility for the shooting. 

Other government critics ■ 
called on the junta to resign, 
but a general strike uij>ed by 
one prominent opposition fig- 
ure,. Mr Rockefeller Guerre.- ; 
foiled to materialize this week. - 

The former Justice Minister 
in the interim Government, 
Mr Gerard Goufgue, who 
resigned in March to resume. 


• 9 




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• d 


Mrs Brundtland was called 
to see the King two hours later 
but declined to say if she had 
accepted an offer to form a 
new government. She said she 
would meet the King again for 
further talks. 

Mr Wilioch said after his 
45-minuie meeting with Kin® 
Olav that ~Mrs Brundtland 
faced severe problems. “There 
are so many heavy decisions 
waiting fora quick answerthat 
1 hope she is able to makea de- 
cision quickly," be said. 

growing feeling among Haiti's 
6 million people that the 

removal of the Duvaliers has 
not in itself brought an end to 

The head of the interim 
junta, army chief General 
Henri Namphy, made a rare 
television appearance on Sun- 
day night to blame agitators in 
the crowd for provoking the 

But Mr Silvio Claude, lead- 
er ofltae Democratic Christian 
Party, one of a number of 

General Henri Namphy: pot . 

the blame on agitators. . 

his activities as president of 
the Haitian Human Rights- 
League, said it remained to be' 
seen how people in the prov- 
inces would react to the deaths 
in the capital 

Uprisings in provincial * 
towns and cities forced Mr] 
Duvalier to flee to France on ; 
February 7. - 

Amid speculation that a 
renewal of anti-government - 
demonstrations may be immi- 
nent. and fears that right-wing 
military officers may be con- ' 
tern plating a coup. Western - 
diplomats here described the" 
junta's position as fragile.But' 
few believe that the interim 
government is in immediate 
danger of being swept away. 



Here we go again. Another ad asking 
for money now, offering more, much 
more, later. 

A rash promise? Not at all. With 
our past, we can be confident about 
the future. 

WeVe consistently come top,or near 
the top, of most league tables. Whether 
they measure the performance of with 
profits savings plans, pension plans 
or endowment mortgages. 

The secret is our ‘contra-cyclical’ 
investment policy. While others follow 
the market, we use it. 

Putting our clients in the happy 
position of having money to burn. 














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Following yesterday's Times story 
about print workers threatening to 
pull the plug on The Observer if 
Bernard Levin's article was used. I 
hear an article by Observer science 
correspondent Robin McKJe had 
to be rewritten. His piece claimed 
that new technology led to better* 
produced newspapers with fewer 
priming jobs. According to one 
report National Graphical Associ- 
ation men in the composing room 
blew a fuse. We understand that 
production director Jim Cos. a 
Sogat man known for his new-tech 
fears, harangued editor Donald 
Tretford for half an hour until he 
got changes. Out went the bit 
about better papers with fewer 
staff: “print workers” was changed 
to “compositors"; and the ref- 
erence to their unnecessary “re- 
typing” of journalists' stories was 
changed 10 “typesetting", presum- 
ably to make it sound to the non- 
specialist reader like a different — 
and necessary — function. 
Trelford yesterday was playing 
down the event denied having 
had a visit from Cox and said that 
the complaints from the compos- 
ing room were about technical 
inaccuracies. "Their interest was 
in improving the quality of the 
piece, " said Trelford, “and there 
was no menace or threat" Makes 
a change. 

Copy catch 

Want to know how Labour made 
use of Opposition Day in the 
Commons this week? Instead of 
raising Chernobyl or the prisons 
dispute, they cribbed an early day 
motion signed by 47 Tory MPs 
and presented it as their own. The 
EDM was designed to give suc- 
cour to the 5.5 million people who 
suffer as a result of looking after 
the elderly and disabled. The 47 
would, the reasoning presumably 
went, either have to vote with 
Labour or stand revealed as 
hypocrites. At the eleventh hour, 
however, the government added 
an amendment to the motion, 
rendering it meaningless, and the 
coup fizzled oul "A disgraceful 
misuse of debating time.” said 
Tory MP Charles Irving, one of 
those let off the hook. 

Cotton club 

Dialogue overheard in a London 
restaurant between Bill Cotton, 
managing director of BBC TV, 
and director general Alasdair 
Milne: “He was in tears." said 
Cotton. “So would you be if you'd 
been with the BBC for 30 years.” 
replied Milne. Could they have 
been talking about Richard Fran- 
cis, who is soon to be succeeded as 
managing director of BBC Radio? 


‘Evening, Comrade. Good to see we 
haven t been affected by fall-out' 

Book now 

The Far Eastern book pirates are 
getting cheekier. Eric Ellen - 
director of the London-based 
Counterfeiting Intelligence Bu- 
reau. executive secretary of the 
International Association of Air- 
port and Seaport Police, former 
chief constable of the Port of 
London Authority police, and 
author of International Maritime 
Fraud — was recently strolling 
around a bookshop in Taiwan 
when he noticed a particularly 
interesting counterfeited book. It 
was his own. 

Anti Social 

Workers at the SDP party head- 
quarters in Cowley Street. West- 
minster. were bemused when they 
saw an orange Vote Alliance 
poster displayed prominently in 
“wet” Energy Secretary Peter 
Walker's front window. It was 
only after closer inspection 
through field glasses that they 
were they able to see "Don't” 
scrawled in ink above the slogan. 


For two decades, at this lime of 
year. Britain's Russian emigre 
community has gathered to listen 
to Radio 3’s broadcast of the 
Russian Orthodox Church's mid- 
night Easter vigil. This year, 
however, it will not be coming 
from All Saints Church in Ken- 
sington — but Paris. Metropolitan 
Anthony of Sourozh. who con- 
ducts the London service, tells me 
be has been inundated with calls 
-from listeners saying they will 
miss his familiar bass tones. So 
allow me to inform them of. as 
they say. a choice of listening: A 
broadcast from Ail Saints relayed 
by the BBCs Russian Service can 
be picked up on 231 metres from 
about 1 1.40 pm tonight. 


The great charities tax trap 

by Andrew Phillips 

A legislative time bomb ticks 
under Britain's charities, buried 
within section -29 and schedule 7 
of the Finance Bill (which im- 
plements the Budget) now before 
Parliament. Unless swiftly de- 
fused, the mayhem likely to be 
created will set back charitable 
endeavour as never before. In- 
deed. the major tax advantages for 
charities embodied elsewhere in 
the same bill will become insignifi- 
cant by comparison. 

A charity is exempt from lax on 
its income and capital gains only 
to the extent to which these are 
“applied to charitable purposes 
only". In November 1979 Mr 
Justice Slade held — disagreeing 
with the Inland Revenue -that 
the Helen Slater Charitable Trust 
Ltd automatically satisfied that 
test if it “applied" its income by 
giving it to another registered 
charity. The fact that the other 
charity was closely related — set 
up by the same people at the same 
time with the same trustees — was 
held to be immaterial as was the 
fact that the sister charity simply 
stored most of the money for years 
at a time. Only if the donor charity 
“knew or ought to have known 
that the money would be 
misapplied" would the tax exemp- 
tion be lost. 

As a result of that decision, 
upheld in May 1981 by the Court 
of Appeal, a greedy herd of tax 
chisellers rushed into the breach. 
A profitable company sets up two 
“captive" charities. The bulk of 

the company's profits air then 
covenanted to the first charity, so 
that it and the company are tax- 
exempt To make sure of exemp- 
tion. the charity “applies" the 
profits by a grant to the second 
charity, which doesn't use the 
grants for its charitable purposes, 
but “invests” the monies by 
“lending" them on a rolled-up 
interest basis to another company, 
which just happens to be reg- 
istered in a foreign tax haven and 
is “connected" with the owners of 
the original business. The tax 
authorities reckon at least £20 
million a year is being lost 
The Inland Revenue has gone to 
great lengths to stop the abuse, but 
has suffered crippling dis- 
advantages. First, the fact that the 
existing law on charities is being 
broken is not something on which 
the Inland Revenue Teels it is 
equipped to, or should, adjudi- 
cate. That is for the Charity 
Commissioners and/or the Attor- 
ney General, advised by the 
Treasury Solicitor. However, the 
passing of the critical information 
by the Inland Revenue to the 
Charity Commissioners is forbid- 
den (a matter to be rectified if and 
when section 31 of the bill is 
enacted). Furthermore, the 
commission is so understaffed it 
probably could not make effective 
use of the facts. Dealing with more 
than 150.000 charities, it does not 
have a qualified staff accountant 
In preparing their anti-avoid- 
ance measures there has been no 

external consultation by the In- 
land Revenue, not even with the 
Charity Commissioners, on the 
grounds that this might alert 
transgressors. Working blind, 
therefore, the framers of die new 
laws have created a byzantine trap 
that is liable to catch the innocent 
far more often than the guilty. 

The bill establishes a new triple 
classification for chanties — pub- 
lic. private and indirect — into 
and out of which they are liable to 
slip from year to year. Among the 
criteria for gauging what type of 
charity you are. the bill provides 
three complicated ratios — the 25 
per cent all-funds test; the 75 per 
cent taxable receipts test and the 
90 per cent expenditure test Each 
is based on different combinations 
of data; each will have to be re- 
assessed annually. 

Many activist charities depend 
on financing from the grant-giving 
charities. In many cases they will 
have to satisfy two moving targets 
at the same time, because of 
uncertainty over the status of both 
the giving charity and the receiv- 
ing one. Frequently one or both of 
them will not know into which 
classification they fall until then- 
accountants tell them at the end of 
the financial year. Many of the 
most-needed and dynamic char- 
ities are those which will Ml into 
this category, especially in their 
eaiiy years. ' 

Furthermore, to escape the “pri- 
vate indirect" net trustees will be 
obliged to spend up to the hilt. 

There would be no chance of 
strategic planning to build re- 
serves for major initiatives — or 
building, for example, a fund to 
rebuild a village hall, repair the 
church, buy a bus for a school. For 
those with fluctuating needs and 
uncertain funding, planning and 
growth will be nigh-impossible. 

In their zeal to catch the rogues, 
the Inland Revenue has also pul at 
ride membership charities, such as 
the National Trust and Women's 
Institute. Large, unexpected one- 
off gifts are also likely to cause a 
problem. Independent schools 
and colleges could also be caught 
by schedule 7 in years when they 
are running appeals. 

There is no viable substitute for 
enforcing the existing general 
charity law. An attempt to do so 
by this tax trap inevitably leads 
either to inordinate, unfair 
complexity or to excessive, unfair 
crudity. The proposed new law 
snares thousands of charities in 
every definition and category it 
will create. Already those who 
have some understanding of what 
is involved, such as Charities Aid 
Foundation, believe the cost in in- 
house expenses and professional 
fees will for exceed the revenue 
loss being staunched. One won- 
ders how great an extra burden it 
will place on revenue staff, and 
how much better it would be to 
divert the expertise and expense 
into beefing up Charity Commis- 
sion enforcement 
The author is a solicitor '' 

A food 
with a 

Baroness Karen Blixen, writing as 
Isak Dinesen. introduces her book 
Out of Africa with the words: “I 
had a farm in Africa.” This is no 
longer the attractive prospect it 
once seemed. When Blixen’s cof- 
fee farm went bankrupt in 1931, 
Africa had perhaps five people per 
square kilometre. Now, in the year 
in which the film, of her book won 
seven Oscars, there are nearly 18. 
In Africa; as elsewhere in the 
world, the race is now on to 
establish what has come to be 
called “sustainable develop- 
ment” a way of tiying to help 
the farmers and foresters of poorer 
countries to prosper without 
exhausting the land. 

Some of the impetus for this has 
come from international curiosity 
about land and food awakened by 
the Ethiopian famine, but it is also 
a product of the growth to 
maturity of the environmental 
movement. Policies have been 
refined during the years of declin- 
ing support that followed the 
1960s and 1970s: the pressure 
groups have bad to search for a 
message that can command mass 
political support. 

Sustainable development is 
about to receive heavy exposure to 
a mass audience, h is the subject 
of three major televison series 
next yearttwo British, one Ameri- 
can). which all show that there are 
methods of farm ing appropriate to 
poorer countries that make op- 
timum use of precious fertilizer, 
pesticide and water. 

One of the pioneers of the idea 
of sustainable development was 
the late Barbara Ward (Lady 
Jackson), a Catholic academic 
who worked for a time for The 
Economist. Her Only One Earth 
(written with Rene Dubos in 1972) 
has given its name to the BBC- 
sponsored series, being produced 
by an independent film company 
associated with her brainchild, ihe 
International Institute for Envir- 
onment and Development, and its 
information wing, Earthscan. 

Sustainable development grew 
out of the environmental move- 
ment. which really took off after 
the UN Conference on Human 

Environment held in Stockholm 
in 1972. It was acknowledged that 
man’s activity had made patches 
of the world unpleasant to live in, 
and that population pressures 
threatened to make the problem 
worse. But it was also recognized 
that in the poorer pans of the 
world man’s very future was being 
threatened; people were too poor 
to farm as though tomorrow 
mattered, and the soil was simply 
blowing away. 

Gradually, the understanding 
grew that it was possible to 
increase the amount of food grown 1 
by combining traditional methods 
with modem ecological knowl- 
edge. This idea gained currency 
just as another solution to the 
world food problem started to go 
out of fashion: the notion that the 
population should be curbed at all 
costs. We were told to concentrate 
on feeding new mouths rather 
than bemoaning their existence. 
Affluence, it was argued, reduced 
birth-rates faster than hectoring 

The new thinking fitted well 
with the growing influence of the 
anti-abortion movement, particu- 
larly in the US. Here, President 
Reagan's advisers emphasized — 
perhaps more than was nec- 
essary - the productive capacity 
of the earth, taking their cue from 
the late Herman Kahn's book. The 
Resourceful Earth. Kahn had 
rebutted the dire warnings of 
President Carter’s Council for 
Environmental Quality, which in 
1980 had predicted disaster if 
present trends continued. 

The new-, anthropocentric view 
of the world did not initially go 
down well with the old school of 
naturalists and conservationists. 

A generation of men and women 
who had wanted to save the 
declining stock of wild animals 
and their habitat had become 
entrenched in a “fence and save" 
mentality. The question is 
whether productivity has to be 
hopelessly at odds with wildlife 
and wilderness. A growing body of 
opinion among environmentalists 
and naturalists suggests that it 
does not A reconciliation is 
emerging between the two groups, 
based on the belief that just as 
agriculture has to conform to 
certain biological rules, so there 
may also be a role for pure, or 
nearly pure, wilderness. 

Some wilderness habitats may 
be wilderness because that is what 
they do best. The tropical rain 
forest will be more fruitful as a 
source of tropical rain forest 
products than as a hamburger 
farm on bulldozed and fast- 
eroding soils. But when someone 
does have a productive and 
sustainable idea for using the land 
instead of leaving the trees in 
place, it should be up to the rich 
world to buy or rent it as a reserve 
if it feels that in the long term the 
land would be more productive 
left as it is. 

These ideas are proving attrac- 
tive to a generation of idealists 
who were the drop-outs of the 
1960s. They now want to agitate 
for change within or alongside the 
aid agencies they would have 
despised in their hotter-headed 
day’s. Many of them see purchas- 
ing power as the best means of 
effecting the changes they seek. 
Even so, the sustainable develop- 
ment movement may take some 
time to realize that enterprise (and 

ensuring that the profit filters 
through to the peasants) is the key 
to motivating poor farmers. 

The new International Tropical 
Timber Organization — whose 
potentially bright future is threat- 
ened at present by the inability of 
its members to agree on a head- 
quarters location — is the sort of 
mechanism that might work. A 
grouping of those countries that 
produce and consume tropical 
limber, itsavowed intention is to 
make timber-growing consid- 
erably more profitable for poor 
countries. The organization has 
promulgated a commodities 
agreement which, for the first time 
anywhere, incorporates the idea 
that the crop should be managed 
and harvested sustainably. 

This offers the hope that timber 
can be grown and sold in such a 
way that the forest ensures the 
logger a harvest in the future. It 
offers the hope that we in the rich 
world can buy our hardwood 
knowing that we have done some- 
thing to help the forest and give 
the people working in it a living. 
The prospect has united the World 
Wildlife Fund, the International 
Institute for Environment and 
Development, Friends of the 
Earth, much of the timber trade, 
the UK Department of Trade and 
Industry - and the foresters. 

Here there are the makings of a 
structure that would encourage 
equitable and sustainable develop- 
ment for man together with a 
respect for wild habitats. 

The author’s book. The Real Cost 
fChatto & Windus, £7.95). is an 
account. of the human ana environ- 
mental costs of 30 products. 

A glimmer of hope for Mandela 

When “Sonny” Ramphal, the 
Commonwealth Secretary-Gen- 
eral, announced the composition 
of the organization's “eminent 
persons group” on South Africa 
late last year, few people thought 
its seven members stood much 
chance of defusing the apartheid 
time bomb. Emm men i its mem- 
bers may have been. But an ex- 
preside nL an ex-prime minister, 
two ex-foreign ministers, a former 
chancellor of the exchequer, an 
archbishop and a dame hardly 
seemed a match for one of the 
most ruthless governments in the 

The odds on the group actually 
getting Pretoria and “rep- 
resentative” black leaders to begin 
dialogue leading to the dis- 
mantling of apartheid are still 
heavily weighted against them. 
But. as Malcolm Fraser and 
General Olusegun Obasanjo. the 
co-chairmen, prepare to lead their 
team to South Africa for a second 
visit later this month, there is a 
glimmer of hope that they may 
persuade President Botha to agree 
to release Nelson Mandela, the 
imprisoned black nationalist lead- 
er -a step that could mark the 
beginning ofa genuine black-white 

When the group first visited the 
country in' March the South 
Africans were initially reluctant to 
lei them even meet Mandela. 

Nicholas Ashford on the Commonwealth^ 
chances of making a deal with Pretoria 

Eventually they had a 50-minute 
private session with him in 
Pollsmoor prison outside Cape 
Town. They were deeply im- 
pressed. finding him to be a man 
of moderate views who showed 
few signs of bitterness for the 23 
years he has spent in jail. They 
were disappointed, therefore, 
when they were harangued by 
Boiha a few hours later about how 
Mandela was an extremist and a 
paid agent of the Soviet Union 
whose continued incarceration 
was the responsibility of black 
militants who wanted him to die 
in prison and become a martyr. 

Before leaving Cape Town the 
group left a memorandum with 
Botha listing proposals they fell 
werepreconditions forbeginninga 
black-while dialogue. They in- 
cluded the release of Mandela and 
other political prisoners, a lifting 
of ihe ban on the African National 
Congress and the dismantling of 
key apartheid laws. They made it 
dear that unless they derived 
some enouragemem from his 
reply, the report they are to deliver 
to Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernment later this summer would 
almost certainly lead to renewed 
demands For economic sanctions. 

Botha's reply was received 
shortly before the group began two 
days of talks in London this week, 
talks that included secret contacts 
with a special South African 
emmissarv. Carl von Hirschberg, 
the deputy director-general for 
foreign affairs. The reply is being 
kepi private, but the fact that the 
group decided at their London 
meeting to make a return visit 
implies Botha has indicated he 
wants to co-operate — although it 
is unclear whether he is just 
stringing them along. 

The South Africans have, in 
fact already met some of the 
group's requirements. The state of 
emergency has been lifted, pass 
laws have been scrapped and 
Botha has been dropping ambigu- 
ous hints about offering an am- 
nesty to ANC members who are 
“not Communists". But Mandela 
remains a sucking point. Botha is 
understood to want to see him 
released but wants him to re- 
nounce violence first. He would 
have difficulty in getting his 
recalcitrant right-wingers to accept 
anything less. Botha also wants to 
make sure that if Mandela is 
released the Commonwealth will 

guarantee there will be no new 

The group is understandably 
wary about making any such 
commitment. The Common- 
wealth would almost certainly not 
agree to such a pledge. Further- 
more. members or the group are 
concerned that Botha may be 
trying to play them along as he did 
the five-nation western “contact 
group” in Namibia to buy time for 
an “internal settlement” with 
tribal leaders, “moderate” urban 
blacks. Coloured and Indian par- 

It is nine years since the 
“contact group" was set up. yet a 
Namibian settlement remains as 
elusive as ever. The emminent 
persons have no desire to be in 
business beyond the summer 
when ihe Commonwealth is due 
to consider their report. Sugges- 
tions from the South Africans that 
the group should take on a longer- 
term role as honest broker will be 
resisted. . 

However, if they were to suc- 
ceed in producing Mandela's re- 
lease there would be a lot of 
pressure for them — or at least 
some members — to remain in the 
brokering business. The British 
would want it So would the 
Americans. As one American 
diplomat observed: “The 
Commonwealth initiative is the 
only show in town at present” 

Sarah Hogg 

Wheels within 

The most embarrassing word in 
. the vocabulary of this weekend's 
summit is “economic”. I do not 
mean simply that the annual 
business of summitry, is a most 
uneconomical process, tiiough the 
sheer numbers of security guards, 
journalists and cameramen can 
sometimes make it fed like the 
most unproductive work-creation 
scheme in the industrial world. 
The real embarrassment is the 
obvious preference of the sumra- 
iteers for talking about anything - 
oiher than economics. 

The heads of government of the 
United States. Japan. West Ger- 
many. France. Britain. Italy and 
Canada — with the president of 
the European Commission along-, 
for the ride — are assembling in 
Tokyo for a meeting that will bring 
this series of world economic 
summits to a round dozen. On 
more than one occasion it has 
been discreetly suggested that the 
“economic" label should be 
dropped: it did. indeed, nearly 
disappear with the last -summit 
hosted by the Americans in 1983.' 

Ironically, that was just about 
the last summit to take an 
economic initiative: at Williams- 
burg it was agreed, to shut up 
President Mitterrand, that an 
exceedingly protracted study of 
the international monetary system 
should be carried out by a group of 
officials from finance ministries. 
Rather to everyone's surprise, this 
group's sublimely unprovocative 
report coincided with a change in 
altitude towards exchange-rate 
management and is now seen as 
an important stepping-stone to 
today’s currency co-operation. 

At the London summit in 1 984 
the economic label was firmly 
back in place, to be almost equally 
firmly ignored. This summit saw 
the full development of technique 
of tossing out “declarations” on 
the first day in order to keep the 
journalistic wolves away’ from 
statesmen's sledges. The “declara- 
tion of democratic values” has 
faded quietly into diplomatic his- 
tory: but at least it looked a little 
fresher than the London economic 
communique, which Mrs Thatch- 
er foundso tedious that she edited 
it before reading it out. 

The summiteers who met in 
Bonn last summer did, to be fair, 
manage to work up a genuine 
economic quarrel over the inter- 
national trade negotiations pro- 
posed by President Reagan. But 
this was as much a reflection of 
French pique as of fundamental 
economic differences. - • - .. 

This yearjtiux. the .summiteers 
have plenty to disagree about in 
economic affairs:, the pattern of 
exchange rates, interest rates* and 
trade imbalances: And for onoe, 
the lowlier members of- the sum- 
mit dub - Italy and Canada-?: 
have a real economic gripe, and 

have not simply come along to 
appear in the family photographs. 
They want to be included in the 
“Group of Five” finance ministers 
of the bigger economies that has 
been half-managing the exchange- 
rate system since last September. 

Once again, however, the atten- 
tion of the summiteers will be 
mainly focused elsewhere. A se- 
nior British “sherpa"-one of 
those officials who bold as many 
as four mini-summits of their own 
preparing the ground for their 
leaders — gave the game away last- 
week. Asked whether it was not 
lime that the economic label was 
dropped, he replied: stoutly that all 
governments were determined to 
revive the economic purpose of 
the summits, and that politics 
would effectively be kept to the 
teabreaks. Asked a moment' later 
-about a key point in connection 
with currency and interest-rate 
management, he replied equally 
briskly that this could safely be left 
to the meetings of finance min- 
isters (who accompany their lead- 
ers to fill in the occasional gaps in 
their economic knowledge). 

The serious Question, of course, 
is whether this touring force 
should be brought to the end of its 
run. The traditional defence of 
summits is that, no matter what 
heads of government talk about, 
the real and lasting benefit is the 
familiarity a two-day meeting 
gives them with each other. On 
this view, indeed, the less there is 
of real importance to talk, about, 
the better. A second defence is that 
there is still value in obliging- 
beads of government to subscribe 
to a platitudinous , but virtuous 
economic communique once a 
year, even if they spend the two 
preceding days chatting about 
other things. For example, summit 
governments' resistance to protec- 
tionist pressures can, for what it is 
worth, be attributed in part to 
their leaders* obligation to retake 
the free-trade pledge at every 
summit Even this sounds apolo- 
getic — but there is a less obvious- 
and rather better defence, of 
particular validity this year. ' 

It is not easy for these seven 
world leaders to convene ad hoc 
summits on particular issues — 
such as the bombing of Libya, or 
the questions now hanging over 
the world nuclear industry — 
without elevating them from a 
diplomatic problem to an inter- 
national crisis. It is convenient to 
have an annual occasion at which 
these can be aired. On this view, 
the June of economic concerns is 
actually useful, as a smokescreen 
for other matters. And if world 
leaden are obliged by the conven- 
tions of summitry to break off 
their exciting dinner-table talk-in- 
order to learn about. the world 
economy — well, maybe that does 
no harm, either. 

Philip Howard 

You grunted. 

Oink-oink. GrunL Man-hoo-o-o- 
o-ey. I am not really much of a 
reading boar. But the swineherd 
who runs this bottom right-hand 
sty of the farmyard on alternate 
Saturdays has asked me to review 
a book published today: A History 
of the British Pig by Julian 
Wiseman (Duckworth, £12195). 
He seems a pig-loving sort of chap, 
and the name Hog-ward suggests 
that he is in the hogging business. 
So 1 have agnmted. My name? 
Wrekin. Napoleon of the. Prince, 
actually, if you want a title in the 
byline to lend distinction to-your 
rag. You have heard of my 
mother, the E m press, of Bland ings. 
Famous old Black Berkshire sow. 
Still holds the world record for 
having-won the silver medal in the 
Fat Pigs class for 10 years from the 
87th to the 97th annual Shropshire 
Agricultural Show. The mater's 
getting on a bit now, of course. 
Between you and me, she's pretty 
well gaga. But the poor old porca 
still lives it up in style in the dower 
sty. Keeps on her major domo. or 
as we pigs say. more elegantly I 
think, major harae. Doddering old 
fool called George Cyril Well- 
beloved. As far as I can remember 
he was a doddering old fool even 
when I was a piglet 
Well, the first thing I want to say 
about this book on the most 
interesting subject in the world- is 
that pigs have had a poor human 
press. Not much in literature and 
painting, and then usually ma- 
licious. as in OrweH’s book. And 
yet pigs have a heroic past. There 
was the prodigious Erymanthian 
boar, who had to perform 12 
superporcine labours. His fourth 
labour was so to terrify a mon- 
strous king called Eurystheus that 
he hid himself in a brazen vessel 
for several days. In our epic poem 
called The Pigiad the hero perma- 
nently scars a minor character 
called Odysseus while hunting 
him, and a wicked witch called 
Circe changes- pigs into humans. 
Scandinavian and Celtic myth, 
and painters like the Bruegels, 
show pigs in a heroic light 
The human stereotype of pigs as 
dirty and greedy is ignorant. We 
were the third animal to be 
domesticated by - man. after the 
dog and the sheep, as early as the 
neolithic age: If you "give us a 
separate sleeping compartment in 
our sty. we never dinyr thaL After 
the cat. we are the cleanest, - most 
intellectual of domestic anim al 
O. Hambone, what a falling off 
was there. from Lhai golden age 
when pig and man lived -together 
as heroic brothers and rivals. This 
book traces the sorry story. The 

trouble arises from man's cannibal 
inclinations. Pig was considered 
meat for the working classes, 
inferior to venison,, beef, and 
mutton. This may explain why 
there is so little about us in human 
art and literature. And because 
what mattered for the workers was 
quantity not quality, humans 
created the fat pig. Humans bred 
us into masses of obesity to feed 
them through the winter. 

There is heroism as well as 
tragedy ip this book. I think of the 
portrait of old Penelope Blandings 
in 1809: grand Old English sow; 
distant cousin, of course. At the 
age of four she weighed 1 2cwt, and 
dwarfs the puny Regency gent 
standing beside her, which is going 
it a bit even by mother’s stan- 
dards. The book traces recent 
developments: the demand for 

Chris Women 

leaner meat; the bloody Danes; 
and tbe emergence of new breeds 
such as the Cambo rough, the 
Polstead. and the Lincoln Curly 
CoaL sexy little thing. The chapter 
on how the Black Berkshire lost its 
white extremities you mayomiL It 
is-somewhat too sensational. 

The book is- hopelessly 
anthropocentric. But what do you 
expect from a man but a grunt. Its 
bias will be corrected bv the book, 
with the working title of.J History 
of the - British Human . -being 
written by my cousin Tusker. 

In the mean time, this book fills 
a gap m the trough. There is of 
course Whiffle's On. The Care- of 
the Pig . witir its noble chapter 
about swill and bran-mash. Dis- 
ease in Pigs and British Pigs. are 
well known. This new recruit is 

welcome. -Its' scholarship is ’round 

though blinkered. The pictures are 
rousing. And it tastes delicious. (A 
son of gujpy. gurgly, plobby, 
squishy; woftlesome sounds like a 
thousand eager men drinking soup 
»n a foreign restaurant.} . ■ 

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1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

b its dispute with the prison 
omcers, the Government risks 
“taking the same mistakes that 
damaged both its reputation 
and the public interest in the 
dispute with teachers. Already 
voices can be “heard alleging 
that the timing of the dispute 
'Y as vflrong and that presenta- 
tion has been 31- managed. The 
Gover nment is accordingly 
perceived as responsible for a 
spectacular breakdown (in the 


Call for new farm price policy 

and short-run savings of public 
money. In education. Sir 
Keith's attempt to assail teach- 
ers for managerial failings 
while attempting both to enlist 
their cooperation in a range of 
new projects and simulta- 
neously to extract maximum 
savings .from educational 
expenditure can now be seen 
to have been overambitious in 
intent and damaging in execu- 
tion. . 

not emancipate them from the 
application of Financial ; 
Management Initiatives, but j 
the indispensable need fori 
their services should also be 

From Lord Walston 

Sir. You quote, in your leading 

article of April 26 entitled “Still a 

funny farm policy”. Mr Jopling as 
saying that the Luxembourg agree- 
ment on farm prices was **a major 
step forward”. It is nothing of the 

For many years the Commis- 
sion has attempted to pursue a 
“prudent price policy” in the hope 
of reducing surpluses. As you 
Slate, in the last two years farm 

nation's jails on We dnesd ay 

mght) m public service pro- „Z5! # J )rison *« 

vision. exhibited some of the same 

■n . _ . . faults. The Government’s 

The charges are^for the most 
part, unjustified. And when 
they are made by the Labour 
Party, posing as the friend of 
me prison officer, they are 
ramtly risible. Their rebuttal 
win be made the easier if the 
Government sticks to a simple 
message, relayed to both pub- 
lic and public servants. 

It is a message that Sfr Keith 

Joseph signally faded to get 
over in education. It concerns 
public services that for too 
long, under both parties, were 
allowed to expand without 
either qualitative or quanti- 
tative controls linking expen- 
diture to output. When 
government finally reasserts 
control over public services, it 
inevitably faces painfol 
choices mid trade onion resis- 
tance to boot But that mo- 
ment must sorely come. . 

Yet there is a difference 
between suddenly confronting 
public servants with the en- 
tirety of their traditional prac- 
tices. and a moire gradual 
attempt to wrest back man- 
agerial prerogatives. Nor is 
there any necessary connexion 
between the “new public sec- 
tor managerialism” (which 
wifi certainly rank as one of the 
Thatcher era's achievements) 

objective was irreproachable. 
The great volume of overtime 
worked by officers is a ready 
Symbol of how far mismanage- 
ment of the prison service has 
gone. But Ministers seem to 
have gone aboyt reducing it in 
a hasty way that was inter- 
preted as provocation. 

They now seem to accept 
that a necessary corollary of 
cutting overtime is either 
increasing manpower, or rais- 
ing the basic rates of prison 
pay, or perhaps both. It would 
have been better if such a 
package had been laid before 
the public before cash limits 
had been imposed on individ- 
ual jails. The POA is a deeply 
conservative group of public 
servants who on this occasion 
have presented an intransigent 
front But they are patently not 
an “enemy within” and there 
should be a limit to rhetorical 

John Stuart Mill contended 
that rivilized society depended 
for its refinement on “peculiar 
and narrow classes” of public 
official to which it could 
delegate its dirty work of 
detecting, processing and in- 
carcerating law breakers. 
Prison officers are one such 
class. Their peculiarity should 

Mill went on to say the wort 
of delegation was subtle. It 
could only be achieved by a 
“perfection of mechanical 
anangements impracticable in 
any but a high state of 
civilization.” Those arrange- 
■ men ts well and truly broke 
down this week and the 
vandalism of Northeye 
showed what they had been 

YesterdayJhe arrangements 
seemed bade in place. (And of 
course the all-important li- 
aison between governors and 
local police forces had not 
been impaired.) Talks are to be 
held. The ride is that the 
Government will appear weak 
under pressure, one minute 
insisting on rigorous cash lim- 
its, the next entertaining the 
POA to coffee and calces at 
Queen Anne's Gate. That im- 
pression must be dispelled. 
Negotiation there must be — 
but it must take place wi thin a 
dearly defined context of man- 
agerial reform. 

The slogan of the new 
managerialism bears' rep- 
etition. It is value for money: 
maximum output for mini - 
mum cost of public money, 
which entails ending restric- 
tive practices and the trade 
union veto. But it does not, in 
the short run, encompass 
expenditure savings. 

Mr Hurd needs if not a 
blank cheque, then some fair 
degree of latitude, provided he 
can continue to show that the 
money is being used to buy out 
another set of traditional work 
practices that keep British 
productivity down. 

prices have been subject to cuts of 
3% per cent and 4 per cent. You 

Vh per cent and 4 per cent. You 
also note that this “to the UK 
farmer, however, will mean a 
substantial increase in price be- 
cause of a devaluation of the 
‘green poimtT”. 

May 1 remind you that, because 
of the failure of the price policy, 
the Commission was forced, two 
years ago. to introduce hurriedly 
bn ill-thought-out system of in- 
dividual quotas for each dairy 
fanner. In spite of price pressure 
and quotas, surpluses continue to 
mount, as does the cost of the CAP 
(common agricultural policy). At 
the same time, largely because of 
the dumping of wheat surpluses 
on the work} market, the Commu- 
nity is threatened by the USA with 
a trade war. 

There is urgent need far recog- 
nition that a price policy that is 
politically feasible has failed, and 
will continue to fait, to stem both 
the amount and the cost of 
surpluses. In company with the 
USA, which is also faced with a 
similar problem, and members of 
the Commonwealth and Third 
World, the EEC must evolve a 
new system. 

I suggest that this should be 
based on. first, the abolition of all 
intervention buying; second, an 
undertaking to pay Community 
farmers a fair, even high, price for 
such quantities as the Community 
wishes to consume itself, this 
amount to be known as the 
“quantum”; third, that this quan- 
tum should be divided among 
member states in a ratio based on 
their historical production; fourth, 
the difference between the guar- 
anteed Community price and the 
world price should be made good 
from Community funds and 
distributed to member states 
according to their national quan- 
tum; fifth, that member states 
should be free to distribute this 
amount in any way they wished 
among their own farmers, and 
would also be free to add to it from 
their own national resources; fi- 
nally, farmers would be free to 
produce as much as they wished, 
and sell it at their own risk. 

By such means, farmers would 
be free of bureaucratic restraints 
on their production and subject to 
a degree of market discipline; 
national governments would be 
free to supplement the incomes of 
their farmers for social or even 
political reasons; the USA -would 
have no grounds for complaining 
about the dumping of subsidized 
surpluses; the consumer would 
benefit from low prices; and the 
cost of the CAP would be held 
within defined limits. 

Yours tnilv. 


House of Lords. 

April 27. 

Cornish mining 
cri de coeur 


MAY 3 1904 

From Mr Charles Hall 
Sir. Today the Cornwall County 
Council voted to give £ 20,000 per 
week for two weeks to Geevor 
Mine. A pathetic gesture and ah 
abuse of -ratepayers' money, but 
perhaps a genuine cry from the 
Cornish heart 

No Coriiishman has ever sug- 
gested that he should not stand on 
his own feet nor let bis company 
stand the test of profitability, but 
if a government intervenes then a 
government has a responsibility. 
The International Tin Council 
was not Cornwall's child so why 
should it pay for its delinquency? 
Yours faithfully, 


The House at Gwinear. 



April 29. 

From Mrs Sandra C. Rowell 
Sir, Recently our church commis- 
sioned a wooden font cover to be 
carved with emblems of our 
parish's traditional primary in- 
dustries: a fish, a tractor, and a tin 
miner's helmet Fishing and fann- 

The Times never betieued that 
London was the centre of affairs. 
This article , originally more than 
3.000 words long, by Dr Arthur 
Shadwett, well illustrates its 
interest in the manufacturing 
towns of the North. 


ing have suffered the constraints 
of the EEC and now Geevor. our 

of the EEC and now Geevor, our 
local tin mine, and the rest of. 
Cornwall's tin mines may dose. 

What emblems shall we carve 
on our font cover now; an ice 
cream, a windbreak and a bottle of 
suntan oil? 

Yours faithfully. 


Pendeen Vicarage, 

Penzance, Cornwall. 

May 1 


The European Community 
was this week offered the 
opportunity of another small 
but welcome reduction in 
restrictive trade practices, and 
the world's airline industry has 
moved a tittle doser to the free 
market. The verdict of the 
European Court of Justice 
against the French 
government's challenge to the 
right of a French travel agency 
to set its own bargain air 
prices, without official ap- 
proval , is much to be wel- 
comed. It endorses both the 
British government's cam- 
paign for cheaper air fares and 
the European Commission’s 
battle in Brussels to break the . 
existing stranglehold on fares 
which results from the collu- 
sion of main air lines with 
national governments. 

and the closure of some loss- 
making airlines. Some fares on 
the less frequented rural routes 
are dearer and need a subsidy. 
But insofar as subsidies are 
justified, they should be overt 
rather than covert 

Even before the full effects 
ofderegolation bad been felt, 
however, there was a marked 
disparity between European 
internal air fares and the cost 
of domestic flying within the 
United States. Citing 1983 
figures in his study Sky High. 

published by the Adam Smith 
Institute, Dr. Scan Barrett 

Provided the judgment is 
followed through in good ttth 
by all member-governments, it 
should lead to greater com- 
petition and thus a reduction 
in the cost of flying within 
Europe. The model has been 
estaWished by the deregula- 
tion of air. fares in the United 
States which lowered fares 
substantially on the main 
routes. Economies have fol- 
lowed, with wage and staff cuts 

points out that average fare 
levels within Europe are now 
two-and-frhalf times dearer 
than internal American feres. 
For instance, the cost of flying 
the 598 miles between Frank- 
furt and Rome is $237, but to 
fry the 590 miles between 
Denver and Phoenix costs 
only $173. likewise, the flight 
from Stockholm to Rome 
(1,200 miles) costs $491 com- 
pared to the $278 for that from 
Houston to Salt Lake City 
(also 1,200 miles). Disparities 
are likely to be still more 
marked after more than two 
years in which deregulation 
has prpgessed apace: 

It would not, however, do to 

be too sangnine on the strength 
of the European Court’s find- 
ing. Different governments 
within the Community take 
different attitudes on this mat- 
ter. The British and the Dutch 
favour liberalisation; West 
Germany, Belgium and 
Luxemburg have allowed 
some dilution of restrictions 
upon competition; but France 
and Italy have been strongly 
resistant Air fares in practice 
have to be negotiated with 
national governments. The 
French remain convinced that 
planned and controlled air 
traffic is in their national 
interest (it helps to reserve 
traffic for the state air line) and 
insist on m a i n tai n i ng .the 
present fare regime. 

Bearing in mind the success- 
ful history of national govern- 
ments in resisting decisions 
taken centrally in the Commu- 
nity, it would be wrong to 
underestimate their will or 
capacity to do so in this 
matter. But an opportunity has 
been opened up for the British 
government; when it shortly 
assumes the presidency of the 
EEC, to increase the pressure 
on other national governments 
to accept greater competition 
in the air. Sir Geoffrey Howe 
should make the most of iL 

Nuclear accident 

From Mr G. J. Sasse 
Sir, It is a sad reflection of bow 
The Times has changed that your 
first response to the Chernobyl 
disaster is not one of Christian 
concern and sympathy for those 
Russian people who have died, are 
dying, and will die in this terrible 
accident. Instead you issue. two 
leading articles (April 30) on 
“Nuclear paranoia” which speak 
volumes about your preoccupa- 

I hope die Russian people do 
learn somehow that there are still 
British people who grieve and 
have sympathy for than in their 

Yours faithfully, 


22 Asbdaie Road, 

Helmsley, York. 

From Mr Simon Kidner 
Sir, Your leading article, “Nuclear 
paranoia 2“ (April 30), dismisses 
fears of a similar accident in this 
cotnmy as irrational That may be 
so in peacetime. But does not the 
process itself give a potential 

nuclear capacity to every hostile 
state or terrorist group? 

A conventional bomb dropped 
on, or planted at, one of our 
nuclear power stations could 
dearly cause enormous damage 
and long-term threat to life. How 
would we respond if so attacked? 
With Trident, perhaps, thus start- 
ing a nuclear exchange? 

Even if a future Labour govern- 
ment did get rid of nuclear 
weapons from this country, do we 
still run the risk of being irradiated 
out of existence? 

Before L too, become paranoid 
could someone calmly and clearly 
teQ me what the real risks are? 
Yours faithfully, 


19 Leathwaite Road, SW 1 1. 

From Mr T. N. Tunnard 
Sir, In matters nuclear one tiling is 

There's no protection in an iron 

Yours sincerely, 


Wood Grove, 



Left-handed lion 

From Dr David Rycroft 

Sir. In Nicholas Shakespeare's 

Selling off water 

From MrD. A. Towers 
Sir, The letter (April 23) from Mr 
John Patten, Minister fin- Hous- 
ing. Urban Affairs and Construc- 
tion, if taken friendly should give 
an ratepayers cause for concern. 
He states that not only water and 
sewerage assets but also debts were 
transferred to the new water 
authorities when they were ere 
ated in 1974. He therefore asserts 
that the proceeds of any sales win 
be paid into the Exchequer for the 
benefit of the general taxpayer. 

I do hope he will bear in mind 
that in the majority of cases the 
actual debt remained with individ- 
ual local councils, only the liabU- 
ity to repay the debt transferred to 

the water authorities. Oswestry 
Borough Council is amongst the 
smallest in the country and yet it 
still has £1 million of water 
authority debt outstanding on its 
books which is being repaid by the 
water authority in annual instal- 

If the water authority is sold the 
borough council will obviously 
expen to receive settlement of the 
debt, or at least a continuation of 
the annual instalments. 

Yours faithfully, 


Chief Executive and Director of 

Council of the Borough of 

Castle View, 

Oswestry. Shropshire. 

article on the Swaziland corona- 
tion (April 26) the claim that 
tradition requires that the heir to 
the throne must be left-handed 
seems odd. considering that one 
potential Swazi royal heir in the 
19th century was in fan disquali- 
fied through his left-handedness. 
Further light from Swaziland on 
this point would be interesting. 

It was also rather surprising to 
read that, before the coronation, 
“Every day a Captain Watts, 
seconded from Kneller Hall, the 
Army School of Music, has been 
training a band to play the 
national anthem.-” 

In fairness to the Swaziland 
Umbutfo Defence Force Band, I 
think it should be added that what 
they were being taught was not 
Swaziland's national anthem 
(which they have been playing 
regularly for nearly 18 years now) 
but the national anthems of some 
30 other countries, so that each 
visiting dignitary might be appro- 
priately greeted on arrival. 

Also on the agenda were other 
items required for the coronation 
— and incidentally. Captain Stuart 
Watts is a Director of Music from 
the Blues and Royals (though of 
course his original training was at 
Kneller Hall). Another British 
contribution was a BBC tape of 
the Royal Artillery Band at Wool- 
wich, playing a new royal fanfare 
and five other pieces based on 
traditional Swazi tunes, for Swazi- 
land radio and television. 

Yours sincerely. 


University of London, 

School of Oriental and African 

Department of Africa, 

Malei Street. WC I. 

April 27. 


We must move with the times; 
the Prime Minister, among 
others, tells os so, and in any 
case we would sooner or later 
have worked it out for our- 
selves. But the question is: 
bow far? Arid it has been 
answered this week from the 
most unexpected quarter, and 
in the most unequivocal 
terms. The poachers, it seems, 
are leading the way. 

Once upon a time a poacher 
was a rn«ri in a finmy hat with 
a shgbtiy furtive demeanour 
and very laxge pockets. He 
tiptoed through the woods at 
night, invariably alone, and at 
the end of his stroll the squire 
was a pheasant or two short 
There was also a riparian 
variety, with a similar effect 
upon the local salmon. 

No more; the Standing Con- 
ference on Countryside Sports 
w-as told on Tuesday, by the 
Chief Constable of Gkwi^ster- 
shire, that poaching is now the 
preserve of well-equipped 
gangs who are practising a 
form of mass production; they 
travel in Land Rovers carrying 
inflatable boats and radios, the 
last presumably being for 

communication rather than 
entertainment One wonders 
what. they use' on the pheas- 
ants: machine-guns? 

• And what next? Brandy for 
the parson in a thousand- 
gallon steel vat? Baccy for the 
clerk by the half-ton? (Watch 
the won, my darling, as the 
gentlemen go by, but it may 
take them half an hour.) And 
what effect is all this going to 
have on the gamekeeper? 
Much hope he will have, with 
nothing but a walking-stick or 
possibly an old-fashioned 
shotgun, against the new-style 
enemy — soon to be equipped, 
at this rate, with the most up- 
to-date laser technology and a 
fleet of helicopters. 

The Times used to have a 
regular. Saturday feature about 
fidd sports, and on one occa- 
sion it began “This has been a 
very bad year for partridges”. 
Those who read on discovered 
that what the writer meant was 
that very few had been shot 
and eaten, so that it had really 
been a very good year for the 
succulent little fellows. But 
now h seems that there will 
never more be a good year, in 

the second sense, for any 
game, whether fish or fowl or 

Besides, think of all those 
.diners in expensive London 
restaurants eating grouse on 
.the 13th of August under the 
impression that their year-long - 
deep-frozen dinner had been 1 
shot the day before and rushed 
south; longing to find a pellet 
of lead on the plate to give the 
right authentic touch, they are 
more likely to bite on a metal 
tag marked “Batch 577— tore- 
order please telephone the 
number on the other side”. 

We cannot complain. Eco- 
nomic efficiency, and in- 
creased productivity, come in 
many different shapes, and the 
modern man of the woods has 
only taken to heart what he has 
been told of the nation's needs. 
^Oh, *tis my delight on a 
shining night in the season of 
the year”; thus sang, long ago, 
the Lincolnshire Poacher. Bat 
what chance will he have now, 
to savour his delight amid the 
roar of the Land Rovers, the 
piiti-putt of the inflatable 
boats, and the crackle of the 
walkie-talkies? Another 
occupation gone. 

Architects’ insurance 

From Mr A. H. Dutton 
Sir, Lord Haibham is to be 
admired for defending fre rights 
of the private individual in the 
report stage of his Bill on latent 
damage: In doing so, however, he 
is placing much of the architec- 
tural and structural engineering 
profession in the same position of 

The majority of those pro- 
fessions consist of small practices 
with one or two partners. How- 
ever carefully they cany out their 
work there is always a small risk 
that a problem might occur as 
every building is in effect its own 

To cover that risk it is normal to 
take out professional indemnity 
insurance which takes the form of 
an annual premium covering any 
claims made during that year. The 
cost of such insurance is spiralling 
rapidly in anticipation of the 
extended “long stop” period, and 
if the American lead is to be 
followed, it may soon be impos- 
sible to obtain professional in- 
demnity insurance at alL 

Failure to cany such insurance has 
resulted in widows and the estates 
of dead architects and structural 
c ng incc n being hounded for every 
Iasi penny. 

If the Bill is to stand, then 
additional legislation is required 
to create an environment where it 
will be possible to obtain suitable 
insurance to cover one’s working 
life and one’s retirement ’ and 
which protects our wives and 
children from potential destitu- 
tion. Perhaps then we will be able 
to sleep at night 
Yours faithfully, 


Oakbank, Bagshot Road. 
Brookwood Surrey. 

The real injustice is to partners 
of practices which have wound up 
and to retired partners. To protect 
them selves, they will now need to 
cany insurance for at least a 
further IS years at a cost which 
will be unaffordable and in- 
cidentally. is not tax deductible. 

Buying British 

From Dr Malcolm Morrison 
Sir. Today 1 purchased a new 
vacuum cleaner and was pleased 
to find an excellent British-made 
product more than equal to its 
foreign rivals. 

My purchase coincided with a 
promotional offer from the manu- 
facturer, and 1 was given a 
voucher entitling me to a discount 
on any foreign holiday costing 
more than £350. British holidays 
are excluded. 

Yours sincerely, 


25 Braehead Avenue, 

Ba niton, Edinburgh. 

April 30. 

US and Europe 

From Mrs Margaret C Thompson 
Sir. Sir Woodrow Wyatt in his 
article today (April 26) perpetu- 
ates the myth that sentiment 
rather than necessity compels 
America to maintain troops in 

I think if Sir Woodrow did some 
research Into the subject be would 
find that America entered the two 
world wars not from sentiment 
but because her own economic 
and national security made 
participation absolutely necessary. 

Most of the American public 
have always believed in the 
omnipotence of America and were 
under the illusion that they were 
.fighting not in their own interest 
but a moral ideological crusade 
against tyranny. It is not surpris- 
ing then that many Americans are 
still blissfully unaware of the 
relationship between American 
independence and the balance of 

I do not think that America, 
from an economic or national 
security point of view, would 
relish the idea of a communist 
bloc facing them across the At- 
lantic. It is therefore of mutual 
interest that America maintains 
troops in Europe. 

Yours faithfully. 


31 Hillside Road. 



April 26. 

Busy old bees 

From Mr 3. H. Crawford 
Sir. Dr Elizabeth Hailara (April 

In place of Sir Keith 

From Lord 

Sir, When the Minister 

comes to appoint a new Sraeuuy 
of State for Education and Science 
I hope she will lake the opposite 
to that expressed m your 

the educational system largely 
spring front the way in which 
authority is divided between cen- 
tral and local government and 
from the folly and incompetence 
of many local authorities. 

What we need above nil ts a 

ESLnf Anril *> 9 . “Whoever it is secretaty of state determined to 
todCT of Apnj - assert- the national interest m a 

m - 


3 d be a de-centraliser, not a 

and effective system of 
i and willing to go direct 

to the schools over the heads of 
local authorities where this proves 
necessary. Otherwise our Euro- 
pean and Japanese competitors 
who do not suffer from the fetish 
of local responsibility will con- 
tinue to gain upon us. * 

Youm truly, 

BELOFF. ' ' 

House of Lords. 

April 29. . . 

23) rightly fays that people in 
eleventh-century Norman En- 
gland had to rely on honey to 
sweeten their, drinks while the 
medieval upper classes used bees- 
wax for their candles. 

Colonies of bees were garnered 
from swarms of wild bees and 
hived in conical straw sleeps or the 
like. When the honey, perhaps no 
more than 20 lb per sleep, and the 
wax were harvested the colony 
was destroyed. 

Extrapolating Dr Harry 

Riches's (April 12) 1.441 hives in 
Essex. Norfolk and Suffolk to the 

whole cf England might give us, 
ay, 20.000 colonies which, at 
circa 20 lb per step, would give us 
a total output- fragmented and 

highly localised, of about 400,000 
lb, or 181.6 tonnes of honey. 

Wax? Maybe !%lb per skep, 
which might amount to 30,000 lb. 
or 13.6 tonnes of beeswax. 

Today we have 179,461 colo- 
nies owned by 33.750 beekeepers. 
Usable production per hive in 
England today, given an average 
season, amounts to 14 kg ..per 
colony. Thus, our output is circa 
2.512 tonnes of honey and only 
minute quantities of recoverable 
wax. Wax is imported from Africa 
and Asia, mainly for foundation, 
polishes, cosmetics and medica- 

The 12 EEC member states 
between them have 6,654,433 
colonies of bees. They produced 
77,000 tonnes of honey in 1 984. or 
11.57 kg of honey per colony. 
Imports of honey into the EEC in 
1984 amounted to 129,000 tonnes. 

Almost half. 66,400 tonnes, was 
imported by West Germany. 

Swift's dictum. “Instead of dirt 
and poison we have chosen to fill 
our hives with honey and wax; 

I (From our Special Correspondent.) 

The Bradford Exhibition, which 
will be opened on Wednesday next 
by the Prince and Princess of 
Wales, comes very opportunely at a 
time when English manufacturers 
are under a sort of cloud, and it 
deserves particular attention sot 
only for what it is, hot for a great 
deal more that it represents- The 
Yorkshire folk are not given to 
despondency of to an extravagant 
self-depreciation; and it ts appro- 
priate that one of the great 
Yorkshire towns should come for- 
ward at the present juncture to 
uphold the credit of industrial 
En glan d— 

This exhibition is not of the kind 
mown as “international"; that 
vord does not appear. It is a 
Bradford exhibition, intended to 
hsplay Bradford 

JTOducts^Bradford appears to 
iave taken a hint from the United 
States and to have adopted that 
leliciously American mpyim. 
Don't grumble, boost!" The word 
’boost" is good American; it seems 
o be compounded of “boom" and 
"boast", and ma ane putting a good 
ace on things, praising up yourself 
md your concerns and making the 
oost of them— 

Now I have reason to believe 
hat a spirit has arisen in the 
Bradford district winch is resolved 
o assert the claims of English, 
ndustry and to let the work! know 
bat there is plenty of life in the old 
inn yet. No better scene could be 
hosen for the purpose. The ground 
> historic. In the 14tb century this 
rea was already famous for its 
raollen trade, and throughout the 
ast industrial development of the 
ist ]30 years it has held its own as 
he pioneer and leading centre of 
he world for the production of the 
inest materials and fabrics 
tom wool and the allied fibres. It is 
Bradford which has brought thwm 
ne after another, into use— 

It is not fabrics only that 
'orkshire has taught the world to 
lake, but, perhaps even in a I 
rea ter degree, the machinery fori 
aanufacturing them. Here it is still J 
re-eminent. The best combing. ] 
pinning, and weaving plant camel 
riginally from Yorkshire, and still I 
Dines bom there. Neither Genoa- j 
y nor America can do without it.j 
loth are gaining ground in this! 
ir action. Germany especially, in) 
er slow and sure way, is becoming I 
lore and more self-sufficing, and I 
uys few or no looms from England] 
ow; but for the earlier processes of j 
lanufacture, and particularly fori 
unbing, the English machines I 
and alone. No less may be said off 
« mills. Bradford was a pioneer! 
i model establishments, in the I 
hiding of cottages, and the! 
ovision of advantages for the I 
>rkpeople. In premises, plant] 
[uipment, and organization the] 
eat mills of the district cannot be] 
itched- It will. I think, be] 
nutted that Bradford has some I 
ounds for self-assertion and fori 
dining to let others reap where! 
e has sown without saying a I 
»rd for herself... I 

The main exhibition building is I 
arge hail, in that style which has] 
en gradually evolved by a long! 
axssion of these displays, and] 
ly be called the exhibition style. I 
chief features are white walls.] 

1 roofs, rowers, cupolas, and] 
jamental plaster facades. The] 
ftitects are Mr J. Ledfngfaaml 
d Mr P. E. P. Edwards, who are] 
be congratulated on the result ] 
a building looks very well from] 

‘ outside, and is exceptionally I 
ivenient inside. It covers about] 
000 square feet, and consists of a j 
in aisle and six transepts- j 
ppfly. however, it is possible to] 
e a little more information to] 
ise whom it may concern, as a] 
hnical description has been ] 
lUghtfuhy supplied, from which I 
take the liberty of quoting j 
ficient details to give readers] 
wno understand such matters an] 
idea of the character of the articles! 
exhibited:- j 

Sir Titus Salt and Co (Limited). ] 

— 1, Black mohair gown made over! 
white glace silk: 2. sea-green I 
mohair dress made over silk to] 

match; 5. ball -dress of pale blue! 
mohair made over soft taffeta silk; I 
4. afternoon visiting-gown of a] 
lovely champagne shade, made of] 
fine mohair; 5. a very pretty shade] 
of Sicilian, between a pink and! 
heliotrope: 6. a summer calling- 1 
gown of pale heliotrope mohair. 7.1 
long theatre wrap in pale blue! 

Umritza cloth; and 14 others.- | 

At the end of the central aisle is j 
the stand of the Bradford Techni- ] 
cal College, an institution which is] 
beginning to exercise an important | 
influence on the local industries] 
and is destined to exercise one" of] 
increasing importance... . ] 

thus furnishing mankind with the 
two noblest of things, which are 

two noblest of thing, which are 
sweetness and light . written in 
the seventeenth century, was more 
applicable to Norman/Saxon En- 
gland than today with its air 
polluianis. sprays of pesticides 
and insecticides, the dearth of 
roadside and other forage for bees- 
Instead, we have vast tracts of oil 
seed rape bringing in handsome 
EEC subsidies, but the bees love id 
Yours faithfully, 


Hon Secretary. 

Hertfordshire Bee-Keepers* 

Kimmeridge. 14 Ridgeway. 
Radlett. Hertfordshire. 

Blame the monkey 

From the Chairman of The British 
7 nstinne of Organ Studies 
Sir. The account of the funeral of 
the Duchess of Windsor (April 30) 
was most impressive - especially, 

1 imagine, for those of us old 
enough to remember the constitu- 
tional crisis of 1 936. There was, 
how-ever, one inaccuracy. I am 
quite sure that foe organ would 
not have played Elgar's “ Nimrod 
Variations”. This would have 
been done by the organist. *: 
.Yours sincerely. 

The British Institute of Organ 


2 Hackwood Park. 



April 30. 





- virtues 

; and vices 

> _ In a long and affectionate ogle, 
’ Omnibus (BBC1) examined 
the output of die Ealing Film 
; ^Studios daring the great Hack 
I and white years before they 

* were sold to die BBC; the 
' navel, if you like, that the BBC 

never had. Roland Keating's 
competent catalogue of more 
•; than 20 fihns made between 
1932 and 1955 (fad rating Kind 
•’! Hearts and Coronets, The 
Cruel Sea and The Lavender 
Hid Mob ) showed Ealing's 
: many moods and faces; from 

* die melodrama queen of the 
v early days to the avant-garde 

* expressionist who took sob- 
i- versive shape trader the eyes of 
•■j^he Brazilian docmnentary 
t maker, Cavalcanti, to the an- 

- archie erotidst of Robert 
Hamer's creation. 

- The one constant was Mi- 

* chad Balcon. who looked like 
! - a head waiter and ran the 
" studios as if they were a minor 
; public schooL Every spool that 

* left them bore the print, far 
j. good or ill, of his “puritanical 

paternalism" (**I do think he 
; knew bow babies were made", 

■ said one of his directors 
% addlyk his Britishness (mis- 
chievonsly underlined by 
; - Keating in a sequence of the 
f- cuppas drank on screen) and 
; his passion for “the 
indigenous”. It was probably 
> ' for this reason that the critic 
Richard Wilmington forgave 
Ealing its rices but not its 

While the programme never 
satisfactorily elevated itself 
beyond the level of a sophisti- 
cated dip show (the choice of 
clips was faultless), it did 
incorporate some telling re- 
marks from members of 
Balcon's dose-lcnit team, 
though sadly not from Alec 
Guinness. *To be frivolous 
about something that is in 
some way deadly serious, that 
isgemrine comedy", said Alex- 
a ander Mackendnck in one of 
v'the few stabs at dedphering 
the Eating hallmark. Among 
the more comic items was 
therevelation that the seagulls 
in the most famous sequence in 
The Cruel Sea were flying 

^ Gardener’s Calendar (Gra- 

- nada) also ended an air of 
: i serious frivolity. The idea of 
! V miring a budded actress — in 
' “this case Hannah Gordon - 

and haring her voice-over a 
programme of untidy bat en- 

- thusiastk experts is just inane. 
:ir Miss Gordon might as well be 

telling a fairy story fall of 
-.Latin names for die peat she 

- gets on her hands. 




Germany’s leading tenor, 
Rene Kollo, has at long last 
sung his first Tannhauser on 
stage — and to great effect. 
John Higgins reports from 
the Grand Theatre, Geneva 

of power 
and beauty 

Out of reach: Stefania Toczyska as Venus in her orb, with 
Reno Kollo below, in in his stage debut as Taimhtiiwer 

At the be ginnin g of the season it 
looked as though the Geneva Opera 
had engaged a substantial slice of 
Bayreuth's non-singing cast of 
Tannhauser. Gabriela Benackova 
had dropped out of Bayreuth's 
Tannhhauser early on and she too 
was to sing Elisabeth at Geneva. 

Even more alarming was Rene 
Kollo's decision not to take on the 
title role, which be announced a 
matter of hours before the opening of 
the 1985 Festival to the well-publi- 
cized fury ofWolfgang Wagner. Kollo 
was also, no surprise, Geneva’s 
Tannhauser. AD of which goes to 
prove, if proof were necessary, how 
small a pool of international singers 
opera houses have to trawl for the 
Wagner repertory- It is entered now 
only at the lotendant's own risk. 

Well Geneva may be missing 
Benackova, although they have an 
admirable substitute in the shape of 
Elizabeth Connell, but they do have 
Kollo. It is at the Grand Theatre that 
the German tenor sings his first 
Tannhauser on stage. And so be puts 
the tie to the predictions of the 
pessimists who claimed he would be 
heard in the role on disc only- he re- 
corded the part with Solti bade in 

And a stirring performance he gives 
too, one of lyrical power and beauty. 
On stage Kollo sheds a good 20 years 
from Ins age and looks and sounds 
every inch the Heldentenor. It is 
posable that the success of Richard 
Vassalle's Bayreuth Tannhauser 
spurred him on to the Geneva 
performance. If so, then we all have a 
debt to Mr Vassalle as wefl. 

At the start Kollo had to hoist his 

voice up for the higher reaches of 
TannhS user’s infatuation with Venus 
and his even greater determination to 
return to the green grass of the 
Wartburg Valley. But the vocal 
channels quickly cleared to loose the 
true heroic timbre. The 
Ronterz&hlung , that lengthy passage 
relating bow the Pope turned down 
Tannhrinser for absolution, is the one 
that makes most tenors think six 
times before tackling the pan. But it 
found KoDo in peak form, lacking 
nothing in stamina and carrying 
everything in religious despair. 

In the central act visually the only 
successful one of the three, his 
Tannhauser allows passion to sepa- 
rate him from the other knights. The 
stage presence speaks of the early 
framing in operetta: an ease of 
manner and diction. Kollo's 
Tannhauser is a romantic and indi- 
vidualist by dress and manner in the 
too, loo stolid court of the Landgraf 
(impressively declaimed by Alfred 
Muff). It is all too dear why he is pre- 
pared to pari company with his fellow 
minstrel knights. But Kollo is careful 
not spread the concept of 
Tannhfiiiser, the outsider, too thickly 
on this interpretation, which is as 
carefully conceived as it is gloriously 

Wolfgang Schone’s Wolfram is rich 
enough in baritone, but he comes 
across as a dull fellow and chill one 
too, even in the address to his star of 
eve, "O du mein holder Abendstera" 
The other courtiers are a strangely 
mixed bunch physically. 

The lures of Tannhauser’s two 
ladies are much more evident Eliza- 
beth Connell may lack the impetu- 

ousness and spontaneity for that 
other Elisabeth, the Landgraf s niece, 
but when it comes to the Act HI 
prayer she offers up a sustained piece 
of soft legato singing to prove that die 
has entered into the core of this part 

Stefania Toczyska's Venus was 
there in the cast list from the 
beginning. She never gets within 
touching distance of TannMuser 
from her orb, suspended high over 
the stage, and has to toss down a train 
to make contact, much as Melisande 
lets loose her hair. But Mme 
Toczyska's mellow mezzo is quite 
capable of its own type of caress and 
she applies it with due voluptuous- 
ness. There is a notable cameo 
performance by Antoinette Faes as 
the shepherd boy : she is to be 

Venusberg m Ralph Koltaf s design 
is an unenticing ’place. Venus's orb 
has a crude neon orifice, which might 
attract the punters on the Reeperbahn 
but would be off-putting even to a 
rebel knighL Assorted nipples project- 
ed. on a back-stage screen testify 
weakly to Tannhauser’s temptations. 
The Dresden verson is used, so there 
is no becchanale mid the sirens are 
kept well offstage. 

The Wartburg Valley also fails to 
suggest why Tannhauser loved it so 
much: from the circle it looked like 
three melon slices linked together ahd 
drably tit The arrangement also 
caused the pilgrims to arrive at the 
shrine from various directions as 
though it were a popular rendez-vous 
rather than a staging post on the way 
to Rome. Aimena Stubbs’s costumes 
were an improvement on all this, but 


RAMBERT Heart-to-heart with the heavyweights 



11-28 June 
Box Office: 01-278 8916 (5 lines) 

A BallrtRanfoertpfB8ert4inTOvative 
programmes to celebrate their 
Diamond JubHea 
^^^Wortd premieres include work 
by Michael Clark, Ian Spink, 
Ashley Pege& Christopher 
’ Broca London premieres 

feature Gten Tetley, 
Mary Evelyn & 
Richard Alston, 
tl June: 60th Birthday 

jgr presence of .HM Queen 
Fkmnatt The Quean Maher. 

As an intimate medium, radio 
is often at its best with 
intimate situations and the 
current series Six Men (Radio 
4, Sundays, repeating Fridays; 
producer, Liz Jensen) makes 
the point 

Anne Brown is conducting a 
half hour heart-to-heart per 
week with six notable men 
(Enoch Powefl, John Me Vicar, 
Terry Waite so far) and foe is 
making a pretty good job of it 
In this epoch when, apart from 
a few major stuctural details, 
men and women are known to 
be fundamentally identical, 
her excellence nevertheless 
springs to some extent from 
the fact that foe is a woman 






JUNE ’ . 


Ath St Davids Hail. CARDIFF 

7ih Theatre Royal Fltf vOJTFi 

10th Arts. Centre. -OR K 

1 lib Bard on the Adi MANCHESTER 

i 6 t* *icwn Hoi 1 , Cheltenham 

1 7-h ■ Dovecot Arts-U^r - >tre. SFOCXiGNON- FEES 

Tickets from boxoffces .5 usual agents 

talking to men. There is none 
of the ati-boys-togetheixiess, 
that so often seems to operate 
when male meets male and 
sometimes barely conceals a 
long streak of agression. 

One of my colleagues 
thought Ms Brown's questions 
bold. So they are and fruitfully 
so, although I think she could 
occasionally ask fewer of 
them. But that's a minor 
criticism: indeed her inter- 
view with Enoch Powell was 
quite remarkable. 

It is a common belief that 
intellect and emotion are op- 
posed to one another, a view 
which in my opinion is a 
fallacy — no one defends a 
position with more passion, 
not to say unreason, than your 
intellectual. That the two exist 
side by side and reinforce each 
other was at every moment 
demonstrated by Mr Powell's 
responses and never more so 
than when they culminated in 
the bleak, throat-tig h te n i n g 
confession that bis regret in 
life was not to have been killed 
ra World War Two. Tomor- 
row Ms Brown converses with 
John Ridgway. 

This kind of programme is 
not only intimate, ft is also 
economical and radio, fortu- 
nately for its future, thrives on 
economy. Take a tape record- 
er, go and interview a dozen or 
so people and link the best of 
what they say with a bit of 
commentary. That is the 
method of Indian Tales from 
the Raj (Radio 4, Sunday, 
repeating Monday; producer, 
Zaieer Masani) and the com- 
parison with Michael Mason's 
celebrated Plain Tates from 
the Raj is instructive. 

First beard hr 1974, the 
latter were plain only because 
they nicely echoed Kipling. In 
fact the programmes were full 
of Mason artifice. Mr 
Masani's production relies on 
interviews and narrative 
alone, but they are enough. 
Where Plain Tales told of the 
India of the sahibs, this 
records the memories of those 
who served them. They de- 
scribe a relationship charac- 
terized at its best by hamanfty 
and understanding, in its mid- 
dle reaches by many small and 
large humiliations, at its wont 
by intolerance and brutality. 

Will radio be driven to 
economy more than ft already, 
is? In Kaleidoscope's view of 

this yean Sony radio awards 
(Monday) presenter David 
Roper, and his producer, 
Richard Bannerman wisely 
took the view that an hour’s 
live coverage of the ceremony 
that same afternoon — not 
only by Radio 4, but by 
several independent stations 
as well — was probably 
enough, so Nick Higham and 
Gillian Reynolds were invited 
to speculate on the future of 
sound broadcasting. 

It was at times a spirited but 
not a very optimistic discus- 
sion which pointed out that 
radio remains without power- 
ful friends and so might find 
itself diluted and its capacity 
for excellence, so well proved 
that afternoon, rapidly eroded 
in the name 

The opulent Sony awards 
are one, very nearly the one 
attempt to work against that 
possibility by showing that 
radio is worth a bit of a song* 
and dance. This year, howev- 

guished not just by being live, 
but by doing something that 
may have made a deep im- 
pression of the power of radio 
on those present 

Piers Plowright's superla- 
tive feature, Setting SaD, de- 
servedly won the 
documentary/feature prize 
and we heard its closing 
moments when Alison Waley 
described her husband 
Arthur’s death- Usually such 
excerpts, little chunks devoid 
of context, give the audience 
the fidgets. This time a the 
poignant voice of one woman 
commanded instant silence 
and produced a sudden' and 
complete enchantment Un- 
fortunately the BBCs broad- 
cast version, in the interests of 
something or another, kept 
dodging out of the ceremony 
to give us longer excerpts from 
fewer winners and so missed 
this magical moment. 

David Wade 

New production 
sponsored by 
Citicorp Investment 
Brink Ltd © (19S‘G> 

Igor Stravinsky 

Kenneth MacMillan 

Martin Sutherland 




(Oett- . It ; I i’rsiun} 

May S Gala Performance in the presence of 
H.M. Queen F.lizabeth The Queen Mother. 
Sub. Performances May 12, 15, 19, 22 at 7,30 
Reservations: 01.240 10H6/ 1911 

.\cccn'.; i \ ij-i.'TVmcrs (dub 


Rare airing for 

a bohemian 



The middle passage of foe 
Leicester Hayznarket Studio 
Company's force-week stay m 
Islington sees them taking on 
Brecht’s first play in a new, 
fairly free translation by 
Christopher Logue. Written in 

The saving grace of this 
apostle of sensuality (played 
with fulsome refish by Mi- 
chael Bray) is that, unlik e 
other elemental, panic protag- 
onists such as Peer Gynt, Baal 
is not searching for anything 
beyond the ideal bohemian- 
ism of the early scenes: insult- 
ing the stuffed shins who try 
to patronize him. publicly 

u foreign languages in which 
he is less than expert. Here be 
has judiciously pollarded 
some of foe original's more 
cumbersome growths, and his. 

the Young Pilgrims at foe. dose 
looked as though they had strayed in 
from the old ENO Ring. Yes,this is a 
rather dated visual view of 

Geneva entrusted the production 
to Martha Galvin, a young American 
who has done a lot of work, both here 
and elsewhere, with Ken RusselL 
Fortunately, it is not a case of like 
master, like pnpiL Miss Galvin 
appeared to have few designs on 
upsetting the bourgeoisie, instead foe 
handled her chorus skilfully — pilgrim 
problems apart - and allowed her 
principals the chance to give of their 
best. With a better design team and 
more experience she will make 

Horst Stein, very much a local 
hero, seemed determined not to use 
Tannhauser as an orchestral display 
piece as Sinopoli did at Bayreuth. The 
overture was bland and slow, likewise 
the prelude to Act SL But he is a 
thoughtful and serious accompanist 
to the singers and as foe evening 
moved on allowed some the scores's 
romanticism to show through. 

Opera now has two new 
Tannhausers of class: Kollo -and 
Vassalle. But where is the man — or 
woman — to stage it with full force? 
Four major European productions 
over the past couple of years — Paris 
(Szabo), London (Moshinsky), Bay- 
reuth (Wolfgang Wagner) mid now 
Geneva — have each had major 
weaknesses. Maybe it is not the Rome 
narration which is the real bogey but 
finding someone to make 
TannMuser speak to the Eighties. 

However pruned and prim- 
ped, Baal its less ofa play than 
a succession of Expressionist ’ 
exercises, each announced by 
individual players in familiar, 
placard style (as m “Personal 
Relations IT) and only loose- 
ly -assembling the life of its 
titular hero, a young poet of 
foe old school much given to 
alcohol, fornication mid lyri- 
cal spouting. 

The Voyage Home 

King's Head 

One view of Virginia Woolf is 
that she was a decent if rather 
dull writer who discovered . 
Joyce and went off bar heal; 
another view — taken here by 
the playwright Sylvia Freed- 
man — is that foe was a great 
novelist whose inspiration 
and drive were inseparable 
from the neurotic insecurity 
which ended in suicide. 

This orthodox line has giv- 
en birth to an excessively' 
ordinary play resembling an 
animated Sunday review sec-, 
non; working overtime on 
exposition, the characters ad- 
dress one another and the 
audience in quotes from the 
letters ahd diaries of the self- 
absorbed, logorrheic 

The ambitious compression 
of 60 years (flashing before - 
Virginia's drowning eyes) into 
less than two hours necessi- - 

Birch tian cast of simple but 
curiously articulate peasants 
who accept foe hopelessness of 
rheir situation and even cele- 
brate its liberating power. The 
social cxitidsm implied in the 
story is a good deal less 
enticing than the attraction of 
witnessing a self-portrait of 
the unbuttoned young play. 

The songs which accompa- 
ny the scene-changes in Nancy 
Meddler's well-measured pro- 
duction are sung by Agnes 
<Bemefle. and 1 feel she should 
be credited in the programme. 

Martin Cropper 

tales much doubling and tri- 
pling from a company of six. 
“Sfan— Henry James has 
arrived” is the cue for George 
Duckworth (Douglas Bradley) 
to re-emerge equipped with 
case, scowl and Mandarin 
sentences; a glance at the 
programme reassures foe con- 
fused auditor that this is not, ; 
in fact. Clive Befl, - 
The casting of Patrick 
Realty as both Leslie Stephen 
ami Leonard Woolf seems to 
make more sense, at least for 
Freudians, but foe only player 
to have a rent stab at distin- 
guishing his roles is Terrence 
Brown as a purring Lytton 
Strachey and a bumptious 
Arnold Bennett 
Joan Blackham gets a lot of 
mileage from Virginia's in- 
tense nervous frustration, and 
Andrew Harmon's production 
rises to a note of rede m ptive 
digxtity. but somewhere at the 
back of the mind lingers foe 
memory of a play called Tom 
and Viv m 




Festival Hall 

It is a measure of Anne-Sophie 
Mutter’s artistry that she was 
able to make something mem- 
orable out of Mozart's Violin. 
Concerto No 5 in A (K2I9), 
which for all its many felicities 
is hardly foe most wide- 
ranging concerto ever written. 
StflL, it sounded anything but 
lightweight here. 

Miss Mutter began rather 
tentatively (or so it seemedM) 
but soon wanned to her task?* 
by the time she had reached 
foe cadenza of foe opening 
Allegro foe was already retak- 
ing foe art of violin-playing 
sound absurdly easy. Her first 
entry in the Adagio had a 
nonchalant and enchanting 
poise, and throughout she 
floated Mozart’s pretty 
phrases on tone of the utmost 
sophistication — perhaps too 
sophisticated for the simple 
enough context, but beautifUJ 
on its own terms. The minuet- 
like Finale danced along with 
engaging lig h tness and assur- 
ance. Sir Yehudi Menuhin — 

standing in for an indisposed 
Kurt Masur — secured a 
reasonably bright accompani- 

Menuhin's reading of 
Tchaikovsky’s Sixth Sympho- 
ny (the “Pmhetique”), which 
followed after the interval, did 
not really operate on this level; 
perhaps it might have done if 
the RPO had found some of 
their best form. Menuhin set 
some speedy tempi (especially 
for the third movement’s 
manic march-rhythms) but 
they were hardly extreme. 

The concert had b^un with 
Mark Emney's “energy" — a 
Fanfare for British Industry 
for brass and timpani (con- 
ducted by its composer) fol- 
lowed by Britten's suavely 
written Simple Symphony for 
strings — a bizarre contrast if 
ever there was one. A string 
section of almost Mahlerian 
dimensions did . nothing for ~ 
the deft rhythms - of. the', 
symphony’s quicker passages; * 
foe long sighing phrases ofthe - 
“Sentimental Saraband" came 
across much better. 

Malcom Hayes 

— CHRisnrrES— 

. Homage to Liszt 

TUESDAY 20 MAY 1986 at 6.45 pan. 
Brigitte Fassbaender 
Accompanied by 
Maxkus Hinteifaanse^ Piano 
LISZT Songs 

TUESDAY 27 MAT 1986 at 6.45 pjn. 
Cypnen Eatsaria 
LISZT Piano Recital 

TUESDAY 3 JUNE at 6.45 pjm 
■ Jennifer Smith 

Accompanied by Susan Bradshaw, Piano 
WAGNER Wesendonck-Lieder 

TUESDAY 10 JUNE 1986 at 6.45 p an. 

Francesco Nicolosi, Piano 

He x ameron: Thai berg and Liszt transcriptions 

In support of the National Art-Collections Rind 

The Concerts take place at Christie^ 

8 King Street, St. Jamests, London SW1 
and are followed by a reception. 

Tickets £8 for each concert. 

. Further details from Jonathan Price or 
patnd a KnifiHts at Chiistiefc. Tfel: 01-839 9060. 



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May 3-9, 1986 


A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 


star dish is sea bass, skinned, with pastry fins and 
tail scales, baked to a shimmering shade of old gold 3 

dement Freud 

goes behind 

the scenes at 

Ninety Park Lane. 
our restaurant 


E leven times a week 
the cast of 50 put on 
their stunning perfor- 
mance for an audi- 
ence of around 70; Janice, a 
jewel among receptionists, 
greets the guests and 
them to their tables; appetiz- 
ers appear — slivers of smoked 
salmon rolled around a mous- 
seline of John Dory top pe d 
with an asparagus tip dressed 
with a cream sauce. Enter 
stage right the menu - lame 
and white and shiny — nou- 
velle in content - and the 
splendidly comprehensive 
wine list and the show is on 
the mad. The chai rman hag g. 
table tonight and is bringing 

his family. The Queen Mother 
came earlier this year and no 

one panicked, no one 


Ninety Park Lane is a 
restaurant of rare profession- 
alism. It is what die French 
call “ serieux " and it is right 
that one should bring in the 
French because the inspira- 
tion behind the success of the 
place comes from an archetyp- 
al maitre chef; Louis Ontiuer, 
who created from a journey- 
man restaurant on the out- 
skirts of Cannes one of the 
most consistently excellent 
Michel in three star eating 
houses in France, . . which 
means the world. Quihier is 
the consultant chef to Ninety 
Park Lane. 

But while Outbier inspires 
the ethos, the guiding genius 
behind success is Vaughan 
Archer, bom 32 years ago in 
Uttoxeter, schoo l-leaver at 15 
without a CSE to his name 
apprentice cook at the old 
North Staffordshire Hotel in 
Stoke, where Stanley Mat- 
thews once asked me to join 
him for lunch and said he 
could recommend the corned 
beef salad. 

At 19 he answered an 
advertisement in Caterer and 
Hotelkeeper, came to London 
on an a way-day ticket, was 
interviewed by the head chef 
at the Grosvenor House, 
asked how he made a fillet de 
sole bonne femme . . . and 
was told be could have the job 
provided he could start on 
Monday. He was there for 
three years, left, worked at a 
string of other hotels and just 
before he and a friend decided 
to open a hostelry of their own 
in Hertfordshire, the Grosve- 
nor House bought him bade. 

Staff from The Times restaurant of the year: sous chef PhUlfpe Renniger, manager Sergio Hebeccfaf, ocearifee cfeef Vaughan Archer, and sous chefe James Greer and Simon Traynor 

He is mafire chef des cui- 
sines and Ninety Park Lane is 
Iris showcase: A quiet likeable 
man, be worries a lot and 
smokes a bit, drinks Perrier 
water, and has a barrister-to- 
te wife, currently earing her 
dinners at Gray’s Inn; they 
have a three-year-old son who 
is deeply interested in food. 

Now 1 lave known cbefe 
who shouted and chefs who 
swore; chefs who minraH 
around their clientele like 
frustrated impressarios; 
drunken chefs and cfaefe so 
soberly religious that they said 
“Oh dear” when the fat pan 
caught fire: One chef told me 
that each morning he shook 
hands with each of bis staff as 
he said “Boqjour Jacques. 

Alors C la u de. Comment-va 
Henri?" One felt he was doing 
it more for himself than for his 
workforce: Nothing like that 
about Chef Archer. 

He gets to work, takes stock, 
composes holiday schedules, 
reads letters from aspiring 

tious or theatrical, you must 
observe Martin Chadwick, the 
driver of the caravan who has 
a smooth line in patter as be 
trundles his tall round vehicle 
between the tables. “A cream 
of sweet chestnut and liqueurs 
with a hint of praline set in a 

shiny alcoholic summer pud- 
ding. deserves enthusiasm. 

Vaughan Archer bears in 
mind the THF accountants* 
wish of £3.60 worth of ingredi- 

the restaurant; Italian he, from 
Parma in the north, married to 
an Irish lady from Co Meath, 
lives in a north London 
suburb, and has a greenhouse 

chefs in search of prestigious crisp pastry shell and flecked table 16 is adorned by him quiet, authoritative, invisible 

jobs, looks around the refriger- with candied meringue. I can. with a quail's egg that has if all goes well. He talks about 

amrs. and then enm nn ht< tpll vnn in rnnfiHmrA that this n — -- - - -- »nn. rtut, » 

rats for every £10 on the bilk . where he grows basil and 
but be would not make an chives and tarragon for his 
issue of it A passing salad for own kithen. He is elegant. 

aims, and then goes on his tell you in confidence that this sorat a week in the company “our style of clientele” and is 

in Pinner cooking a sirloin of 
beef; Chef Archer takes his 
family out on his Trusthouse 
Forte credit card — which 
gives a 30 per cent discount; 
they have a traditional Sunday 
lunch in a company restau- 
rant You can’t beat that be 
says. In the evening while bis 
wife prepares for her bar 

finals, he reads Brillat Savarin- 
“Oh Children of Eden, who 
gave it all away for an apple; 
what might you not have done 
for a pheasant stuffed with a 
forcemeat of hazelnuts?" He 
makes a note. You may find a 
hazelnut forcemeat among the 
garnishes on Monday's plats 

daily round of meetings with 
heads of department line 
managers, financial control- 
lers and others who make up 
the command of a 
Trusthouse Forte , 

Because for all its eclecticism. 
Ninety Park Lane is a corpo- 
rate establishment This has 
its drawbacks — and advan- 
tages. Not for this chef the 
dawn raid on Billingsgate, the 
haggle of Smithfield, the 
search for gold among the 
greenery of Covent Garden. 
Chef Archer leaves his buying 
instuctions on the answering 
machine of the company's 

is the restaurant manager's 
preferred dessert”, he says. 
David Frost, who eats no 
the joy of 
: manager 
(he who eats the alchoiic mont 
blanc) passes by now and then 
and murmurs “rein it in 
Martin”. In bis defence, the 
five-foot vehicle, topped by a 

of truffles in a Kilner jar, it is 
then softly boiled and peeled. 
He cuts it in half speckles it 
with a sauce moussdine. If a 
dish takes a long rime to 
prepare, he sends m a skewer 
of crayfish and thinly sliced 
courgette, brushed with Japa- 
nese sesame otL As for con- 
cern, one sees nothing else. 

Sergio Rebecchi manages- 

purchasing manager, and the 

l arrives in the THF van at 
daybreak, to be translated to 
great heights not normally 
identified with a corporate 


r Archer has a staff 
of three dozen, in 
white, working in 
two shifts. He is 

the inspiration and the driving 
ce, hirer and firer of person- 


nei, and at the age of 32, the 
oldest member of the team by 
some four years. Indeed, what 

is so amazi ngly admirable 

about Ninety Park Lane is that 
near-perfection has been 
achieved by a team of such 
young people. 

Around him and behind 
him young men and women 
sweat into starched white 
jackets performing their exact- 
ing tasks; all are important; 
none are indispensable. He 
employs potential, never 
achievement; he looks for 
motivation and the right ap- 
proach in his staff . . . people 
who say “HI try that”, rather 
than “No, it’s not on the 

Unlike the new breed of 
master cooks, Vaughan Ar- 
cher did not rise through the 
patisserie, yet pastry plays a 
critical part in his armoury. 

Perhaps his star dish is a sea 
bass, skinned, preened with 
herbs, parcelled in short pastry 
fashioned to look like, its 
inhabitant. The crust is deco- 
rated with fins and tail scales, 
washed in egg glaze and baked 
to a shimmering shade of old 
gold. It comes to table on its 
dish, with a sauceboat of 
hollandaise spiked with toma- 
to and another bearing 
concasse of tomato flavoured 
with since. A turnip, carved 
like a rose, blushed by beet- 
root juice sits in attendance. 

As “trolley" is a word ibey 
do not use in nice restaurants. 
Ninety Park Lane has a 
caravanse des desserts, and if 
you think that sounds preten- 


Customer comes to restaurant , announces his 
identity to receptionist, gets table, gives order to 
Head waiter . . . who writes it out and passes it 
to commis waiter . . . who takes it to the 
kitchen and gives it to the barker. 

The kitchen is hot ; the language is French. 

" Ca marche deux couverts, he shouts. “ Deux 
pot ages du jour . " 

The soup cook answers "oui” and prepares the 
soup. "Un pigeon, une loue. ” 

Roast cook and Fish cook acknowledge the 
order and get to work it. “ Bouquettere des ' 
legumes . " Veg cook shouts: "oui . " 

At the appointed time when the Head waiter 
feels that the customer is ready for his main . 
course, the commis waiter is sent to the kitchen 
and asks the barker for his order. "Table 12 " 
Barker finds the chit, shouts: “ False marcher le 
pigeon, la lotte, les deux bouquetteres" 
When they are assembled on the hotplate — and 
the chef has had a look at them — the boy takes 
the dishes to the restaurant where the shiny 


(A duplicate of the order goes to the cashier who 
makes sure it is priced and goes onto the right 
bilL The Control Department collects orders 
from kitchen and cashier to ensure all that is 
cooked is also paid for). 

The kitchen starts work some four hours before 
service begins.* with "mise en place": the 

reduce; cleaning and paring and 

production of stocks and i 

and sauces; jointing and marinating offish and 
flesh and fowl. In a good kitchen they 
prepare . . . and finish off to order. In bad 

prepare . . . and finish off to order. 

kitchens they cook and warm up. 
Traditionally chgfs drank shandy, usually 
swiping the apprentices ’ beer and giving them 
their ration of lemonade: most now drink 
orange juice — in excellent kitchens, fresh 
orange juice. 

Mean temperature is in the high 90s. 
hotter near ovens which open and close 
incessantly. The chef de cuisine is the 
producer, director, also the composer and 
waves the baton to boot 

quietly apprehensive of the 
Saturday-nighters who eat 
smoked salmon and steak 
when they might have a 
consomme of~ langbusrine 
with fish quenelles and corian- 
der and lemon grass, followed 
by slicesof duck breast with its 
own glaze,. and sesame seeds. 

“A poor restaurant team 
can spoil a great chef; we try to 
enhance him", says Sergio. He 
talks of Vaughan as a thinking 
chef, and in the traditional 
war between the two factions 
be supports the kitchen staff 
against the waiters. Even that 
war has lost the sharpness of 
my day when cooks worked 
against waiters — and every- 
one bated the customer. 

There is no star system in 
Vaughan Archer's kitchen; the 
shifts come and work and eat 
and go and the quality of the 
food retains its constancy. 
Who did this? you ask, admir- 
ing a coffee sauce that lan- 
guishes around a fillet of 
lamb? -It could be Joe or 
William. . . and turns out to 
be Denise, aged 22, a 
Trusthouse Forte trainee chef 
passing through here on her 
way to the social whirl of 
Hanover’s motor show, 
Edinburgh's Commonwealth 
Games, Henley and Ascot, 
where she will do her six- 
month stint of outside 


Alternative voice: 
French feminist 
Agnes Varda talks 
about her latest 
film, page 18 

Art* Diary 









Gard enin g 

Ontand About 14 
Open 18 

Photography 18 
Radio 17 

Review 17 

14 Rock ft Jazz 18 
18 Shopping IS 
18 Than Cook 14 
18 Trod 13 

15 TV ft Radio 17 


he comes from Lin- 
colnshire, mum is a 
teacher, dad in the air 
force; Denise does not 
want her own restaurant but to 
run a kitchen, be a chef, have 
her name embroidered on her 
white chefs jacket, wear a 
taller chefs hat She does not 
smile much, sweats just like 
the other chefe, oiUy feels 
“different" when they' talk 
about what they do on their 
days off. and cannot wait to 
get back to the chequered fillet 
of beef that is to be served in a 
sauce of young shallots and 

On Sunday, Ninety Paris 
Lane is dosed. Sergio 4s home 


If things go wrong the restaurant staff race 
a and bit 

Home him ; if all goes well, they say 
nothing and get the tips. 

Today's liberated chefs walk about in the dining 
room and some of them kiss customers. It was 
not ever thus. 

Cream tip NO 38 

Give , 
your meal 
an extra bite. 

Tkngy Mustard Sauce. 

Here’s a simple way to give 
extra flavour to your evening 

Melt 15g Rioz) butter in a pan. 
Add a chopped onion, and cook 
until tender. 

Blend a teaspoon of cornflour 
and 2 teaspoons oflemon juice 
together until smooth. 

Add to the pan with 150ml 
(ft pint) flesh Single Cream and 
1 teaspoon of mild mustard. 

Heat gently until the sauce 
thickens. Season to taste. 

Really special served over fish, 
or delicious with pork chops. 

Get fresh with 

the cream. 

‘•3 I 

- 'V 




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. 01-723 8364 
mkfttVL AmijWn 

UP UP & AWAY I CRUISE a sail abroad 

Nairobi. Jo'Burg. Cam 
Dubai. Istanbul. Singapore. 
K.L Dellu. Bangkok. Hoag 
Kong. Sydney. Europe. & Tbe 
Americas. Fbmingo Travel 3 
New Quebec Sl Marble Arch 
London WIH 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 10.00-1100 

On of An best 
bwH Aigby 
uBng & Wndnvf- 

Mad. Hotel, S/C, 
pooh A excegent 


Low Cost FEghts 

A then*. Crate. Rbodea 

287 Gram lam, 
London N13 4XT 
Tol Ol 882 3925 <24tn) 
a™. u« Mm 

KHOOL MDUMV2 a most sum- 
mer available. 2 dtanMno villas 
with pooto in Maforca. I nr M- 

mo Keeps 7. 1 In country s leeps 
6 . From £200 M. 01-730 1548 
aUAWW/HmnW. Luxury 
villas otp 212 . tarlv pools. HU 
avail all data. Tel 0789 

MENORCA vma Canos Catafoos 
new lax apn south bolcoatm 
■Mem 4 or 5 harbour locaUon 
I nt ormaOon on OSH 285 2236 
■BA MagnMcem apt' neaps 6 . 
pool /sea view. May/Jime. i 
from £180 pw. ox 474 1851. 
MENORCA. Cakrn Porter. 2 
beOroamed vUte. Sunroof. £120 
weekly. Plr (07861 800616 
perti kicanoti nr coast - Budget 
paces, can- Avon, aasowim 


I / tepmwa ng m may 5aarbc4- 

90STA BLANCA Cable. Lax 3 
Bed. 2 hath vma Igr s/pooL 

D*QMM Mmg dtaga ol 
Itemniaa. pMb s«M beaches, 
cheap A goal Tawnas. Good 
auahy beachsak moms, stud- 
ios. ABuraoit S Hotel 

Kzr 3 £189 

Hay 7.ULM £189 


S park m AHaAefa. avaRUa horn 

<S Jena 1986 . .... 

Fun cotar broftn and Mo 
Iona ivatibto (roar 

Mgane HoMays, 
fitmia House. 

2tA Bmk StmaL 

Tat 0233 4100 

coal cmno. Mane Dost. Dontaae. 
LaL Goon. Unpadoc. ftwence. Con 
iTAzk and Apt. Had pckadFanWoeSts. 

damn. Coes. Vb. an an ports. 
[F«rir an amp my ■« 13 ienl 

Dba. Mag vtowp. Avon Apr^Xi ; 
CMTMtts eras 0898) 83204a | 

detached villa, swimming POOL 
Tel: 0896 8320*0. 


m 6 rote. _T W- Caw tuny 
<0227> 72Q263 


Itm £70 pw ox-994 0899. 


or Nauhani (Hi 
0532 797123. 

■pMTj 0409 878067 
OB 0389 833098 

SKf; «. 

•'•••■.■rifecate comes 
E2S tidy nd 

pm mcnc uuva 

lOBifflH W1¥5S8 
01-734 8094 GWn ansa) 
AW 2108 

SANTS «» 80V 

Barcdonu. Patera. Malaga 
Alicante. Madrid. Gibn&a 
Frankfurt. Geneva. 2terich 
Rome. Milan. Pbo 
Ntm York. L» fl trades. Cfaap> 
6 ydnry. MaSwurat Path, 
SmBpon. Hong Kmc- B m dtnfc 
Huy More 
Price* on Bequest 
Tet 437 9561/2/3 

MALLORCA. Stoppered 5 berth 
motor mi birr avatutee (or 

crurfertng In Balearic area. 

TCL 051 724 5850 ev.wtanxfc ! 



Only a<e tpcciater in rapenar Htcv 
under dudy ireer. ta oiflv an tbar 


Enjoy a Superbreak MM 
Hobday In Ireland, with 
return ak travel from only 

CaO 01-278 9646 
for details 

You’ll Only Know By 
Being There. 

YACHT M wtnow HKD. Re- 
laxed enuring with an 
ex p er i enced rimer. No ntenfl 
experience necessary. Children 
of any age catered lor. Phone 
wey bridge i093Z> 52iaa 
£125 per week per person tor 5 
legs ol 2 weeks each coast bra 
pun to Spain. 

(Loire Valley l. b me pendance. 
ranvttan canoes, gantly now- 
big river. unspalX cquntryride. 
hotel comforts, superb food. 
Free brochure. Headwater HoU- 
. days. CABTA) Tel: 0606 



WbKUarflnghothUys m Sardin- 
ia. We have a lew peaces ten on 
May Kith and 30th. and June 


g superb landy pmnic bradict. 
New huuty mobile homes »nUi Audi 
lodevsbowcr A spacious n-herth icn« 
im beadwt m Bmunv Vcmlee A 
5 W Coast. Children free, ferry 


iAVCA 2/3 bed vHlas with own 
s, pools, avail 1/2 win a* May 
toll tnc. car litrr and flta ex 
Catwkfc. Brodwa/res 0243 
7781B1 monrn AUa 
vffia in mature garden. 9 wtm- 


PKMy to do see and e«L £89 
p.wk. DB&B TeL 0822-832442. 

r HosssHdRI 0»tn I 


ndng pool 4 bed r ooms. 3 hatha. 
Calf. Muds. £320X480 p w. 
Jane » Sept. 01-581 4144. 
D^iad. 2 bath, balcony and sun- 
roof sea views. From £iaopw 
070807 635. 

asms Fraich berdar. 3 bedim 
Villa, sweih views. Sandy 
beach. Fool .'tennis. 096322622 
IAVCA. Large t umaxius vni 
with private pool Stps B. Peak 
avaUabUny- ViDa Match Ltd. 
Tet: 102730 779077. 

PUSHTO BAMUS 6 m met accom 
seel oasis setting. POOL Jacuzzi, 
bar. No children. £126 pw. 051 
226 7676- / 668 3405 eves. 
. try is*. Stps 6 - 8 . Glorious 
view* walks, gdn. pooL Fr 
£160 pw. 01-727 *529 
SMC Aptmt Spain Botatraadsns 
rip*4 own pool gdn riiop Inge ktl 
DOirtn Baky bdrm soon beach 
CSBwk 0245 789382 
COSTA B L ANCA Ctebn rsllabte 
or hira me Alicante airport. 
Low 85 prion. 01-394 2139 
MERIA. Apton beach, ates 4. reai- 
ny Balcony. Ew oe M ro t ri tuauon. 
Pool /rentes. Tel: 01-580 3811 
NR DOHA. X-farra boose s teep s 
6 . Foot 0 s beach. Rom £140- 
. £260 pw. Tat Ol 226 7882. 

MBUA. East of Mataoa. Vacan- 
cies May. June A sept House 
with pano A garden. Attractive 
development with POOL One 

iltwi walking distance town. 
S leeps 6 From £80 pw. Rug 
0635 45549. 



Brochure (iN27X)42}M24hm. 
Hcrongatc - Chorteywind ■ linn 

cosTctirram on rnghts.-iwus 
10 Europe. USA It most doutna- 

5Ui at reduced prices. suitinB at 
£1 25 p.p. bid. Tel Chit Sardin- 
ia 073784 2236 

From £169 per 
person . 

Baza 16 May 

Algarve 8.15 May 
Malta & Com 13 May 
Corfu 15 Hay 

Crate 13 May • 

Kos 14 May 

Skiailws 15 May 


Cannes and swroum 
all types of Hals and 
to let Write ta 


Our varied programme 
Includes studios, vinos, any 
hotels and much more. 
Prices (Tom £149 p.p 

01-434 1647 

PUERTO BAMUS. MarhcOa- Lux- 
ury apartment. 2 double 
bedrooms. Steeps 5. AH 
ammentues. £isa p-w. Tde 
phone 01-936 1891- 

UOIO. Dlptonul TiaieL 01-730 

and Cahyttee castles, hist hours 
from Ostende hi the Brigutm 
Ardennes. The passtUlHes are 
endless. A weaDh of acuvnes 
air offered (or the whole (am- 
ity. Hobdays (ram £30 per 
person per week in cottages, 
(arms, vacation vfflages or ho- 
tels. Find out more, ash for the 
Beteud brochure from Belgium 
Rental Service. 175 SrisOm 
park Road. S Crewden. 02 
8 JJ. Telephone Ol 661 5X09. 
Or L ‘Entente Cord late Bureau. 
DumpMon. Min Han. Aberdeen- 
shire. Scotland. TO 077 982 
249. Abta 24151 or Contact 
your local AWa travel Agent. 

I A 2 weeks. 2 centre holidays. 
Self drive, coach lours. Yacht 
charters, individual Iterinartn. 
Some avtelabUtty depte June 7. 
14. 21 . Free brochure Ol 434 
1962 or Ot -788 8030 i34 bnl 

o. w £395 rtn £645. Auckland 
O'w £430 rtn £774. Jotjing 
o-w £364 rtn £470. Los Ange- 
tes o'w CIT7 rtn £335. London 
Flignt Centre Ol 370 6332. 

CANAL DU MOM - Our spacious 
skippered barge provides relax- 
ing (amity botMara on mu 
enchanting waterway In sunny 
S W. France Tel: 02372 76024. 
TURKEY 12 berth crewed motor 
yacht 2 wks June 3/17 £365 
tnc IRS. food. w.'SpnrtL 01 737 
3861. Ol 326 1005. AM 2091. 
TURKEY sfebmered charier he 
w.skL w/aurt mormous dis- 
counts an lari rntn bookings 
Med Sailing 0243 674333 AM 
Offer. Tel Travel ertesm 

1040241 62297 ABTA. 

GREECE /TURKEY Skippered & 
bareboat charter from £90 per 
day. Tel: Slrama 0706 862B14. 

SUi some avatehiBty 

For det«ls/tKnchrees Ohtm 
PeVssheU (1736) HS61 (Z4hrs) ! 

Cabinet Suprano, 
77 Rue Syflvabelle, 
F 13006 Marseille. 

8 L London W1 [ 



iAVEA - Obria Blanca 4 bed lux 
Vina in boy overtooldng Medl- 
terranean. WlndsuWlno. 

INhtog. nlUno aoV- Avtel May - 
October. TO OZ76 66063. 

LUXURY PLAT betwe en MarhcOa 
& Puerto Banns to ML Bulls 4. , 
Some mew left In Summer. . 
ProAnatonai people W- Tet 
01-736 1396. 

MARNELLA 1/2 bed apts. avail 
Martraiia/San Pedro run me. 
car Ure + fits ex Catwiek 23 
May 1/2 wks. Brodiurw/Res 
0243 778181 PaMna Ante 

Something entirely tfifl ere m - a 


To 0 « rid at sisdnxxere BnranU 

nans, faftoa. fldhy 


I Oms <87895)2665 . 


MertbeL 7/9 Motes. Aug/Oct. 
Walking. sw lmnihiO- ridtng. 
OOtL tends. T«U 0787 247344. 

CottagM of Umatui 
A Exquisite Character 

PncaU Ionite! m fi» bead of 

tankyade. Sqieitite 

bnSV r ra i il w-iwt udb nto riOrfd 

cbami. Also ore bedrooffl ccnaos. 
Lowigly restored (Lored te oy 
Jota and Kaacy JoHf. 
tremaoe Own 
Loos. ConmL 

T«fc (0503) 20333 

sunny OH In Country house 
Whig avoBable .June • Sctx 
Steega set oo beauBM pri- 
vate estate b es ide Lough 
Dmoap From cioo pw. 
TOt TZ7 7624. 



or see yo ur He al egaU. 



TUSCANY BARCA Lucca holtday 
accommodation available tat 
litis beaubfte MUMde town. 
Ring alter 6 Rubdlp 36280. 

for die private pitots SniMc. 
Recreational OrpoctunlTKS for 
"■iHtof 1 -* 1 — hri*" nradnp- «»*■ 
tog. wtndufteg. sad 
yoriHtng. ridtng etc. Fat itewuac 
In scatdc selling avail for lamtly 
holiday. WricUays 0457 67979. 
Eves/we 09914 2S2. 

children. EncMng active holi- 
day*- 010-353 713528. 

TROUT FLY FtSMMC oo b ss m . 1 
Devon. Aim for bays b hod- 
days. OiBlatea 281. 

CORNMMU.rar wesL TrodUoote 
Corteges to teUHU sec lu ded 
peacodi valley, open torn, saa 
views, dose to heacbes. ow lid 
walks, fbrot prooooe. s tps u p to 
6 Teb073637B7Q3S / 787105. 

Victorian country con* onto f. 
ftandtemt -AuaB. May/Jne. 
£90 p-w. 070556238. 

« OANTHAM Srif-cmtotocd 
Midday (lat wflb polio. Ops 
4/s. Oge. Vac May 1-17. Jane 
26 July 5 . JtUy 12-19. Jute 26 
Ang 2 and from Oct 4. Front 
£120 PW. TOL 0548560443 

SMBEWSRURV Tbwn Centre at- 
trocthiely neatored Usted cottage 
wen equipped for & Mate Mi- 
tor historic town and Orautmd 
nugoy.-CH.tN TV. clHMrsF 
. wte u au o. TO 0743 51682 
SUROPSHBK country caraeatL 
Stem., tocadon. afl tedlMes. 
W«nttHC»> 32786 



EEVAMfgEY. Sdnerh modern 
harhooreide s/c DaL Sp 4/3 . 
♦07261 63417 day 842293 ten 

V^Ua Holidays 

Meon Housa 
Hans GU32 3JN 


Choose (ram oo> wda raoga ol 
seanos voas and besubhi 
nwess/iusac gees hi 
Chsteaw coontiy. 

Brochure GJUL (Franca). 
CUcfcexter (0243) 773345. 
Cnplar House, 
Tangrura, C M c fa o gl gr. 


r”7 — i 

I Indulge | 
I in a magic | 
s weekend ! 

N«w Yortc £249. LA £379. To- 
ron»o £219 JUuni *419- 
NatroM £309. Sydney *639. 
Auckland £749. Daruir 130 
jermvn Street Ol 839 7(44 
ante. pensxms. tavernm. 
Holidays / mof'. broenures. 
hiriani bookings. Venrora Hou- 
daw. Tel 01-250 1355. 

flights e o Rio £495. Lima 
£«75 rtn. AHo SmaB Group 
Hobday Journeys. JLA 01-747- 


USA. & America. MU) and Far 
East. 5 Ainca. Trayvato. 48 
Margaret Srrm. Wl. 01 580 
2428 iVtsa AccaPMdl 
N/YORK Miami LA. Oieaperi 
lares on maw U3 wbeduled 
carriers. Also iransauaintc 
charters A (lights to Canada. Ol 
684 7371 ABTA. 

DtSCOUNTS Ut/Economy UcX- 
fls. Try us last FUCHT- 
BOOXEHS 01-387 9100. 

RUT BA RG AI NS m Turtray 
Beach Hotel from £199 iikH V 
A dee w sports- Hat Turkey. 
Ol 336 1006. 


Worldwide cheapest (ares. 
Richmond Travel. 1 (Nora SI 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 

Indulge yourself... you 
deserve it. A weekend- 
in Venice, Florence, or 

Eat well, drink weB, 

shop weH and forget 
about England's 

Or combine a city 
weekend with a week 
by the sea. 

FREE brochure from 

Magic of Italy, 

1 DeptT. S 

I 47 Shepherds Bush I 

| Green, W 12 BPS 1 

I Teh 01-749 7449 a 

(24 hrs service) 1 


Athens 5/5 -£59 
Faro 4/5 -£59 
Rhodes 7/5 -£69 

For oc o nmod u t i M odd £15 
per penos per week. 

01-828 7682 

ST MALO. A holiday housa m 
rani during June. Jute. August 
or Scpindn. per month or 
toitn hp it 1 reception. 3 bed- 
rooms. kitchen, bathroom, a 
mi™ drive from town - 200 m 
from beam. Please write: Mon- 

] stem Le Vavasseur. 62 

Residence Marly 2. 33700 

MERIGNAC. Phone after 9p.m. 

1.000 seD catering propeittas 
ranging from simple ten- 
bouses lo luxury villas A 
apartments m anclenl casttes A 
(all ortas- Vina hire only avail- 
able or taka advantage of our 
special rotes on fUghb. car hire 
or ferries. Cotow caotogoes 
available from Chapter Travel. 
Ltd. 102 SL Johns Wood Ter- 
race. London NWB Tel: Ot 586 
946t. Credit Cards. 



Oteswted*. Snap private boose 
near Stow-orathc-WoM- For de- 
tafls Armenu. Tet«M5l) 30620. 

OUT or CBRNMMU. Another 
special Mndicnp e and the w 
best self catering with free rid- 
ing. tenn i s and ashing- Nmr 

MfNRM NORFOLK. Cottage. Site 

coast- 8 cote Sandringham- SU» 
T. linen. TV. Chttdran wte- 
, .cone. Tet 0486 70947 


liL-.:..-X AVI:-- 1 -. 



A smifl ftst d8»R)W Naming h . 
to on ovdan smsim 

pooL Into ta otes. im uiori 
badrooms and tee opone. A few 

BRfTTANT Tir ga slel vma OT the 
beach. 3 beds, fully eg otoed. 
June or September. Fortnightly 
or monthly. All sports incl Ootr 
and saUmg CacUltus. 01-373 


A pooL peace A wine, all free. 
Discounts April July- Tet 062 
081 500 evenings/ w, -ends. 

ADRIATIC. House steeps 9. 4 ; 
miles sea from £190 pw. May 
to September. Tet 0682 832X95 
TUSCANY converted barn to tet , 
In cuantl HOte- £23 per nL an 
dotes pet Ol 482 2540 

TBE REST VILLAS are to the 
Palmer a Parker blue book. 
Available In Algarve. Morbetia- 
Somii of France. USA A West 
todies. Most have staff, all have 
private pools A none are cheap. 
i Brochures (Oag 481) 5413 

ST TMRZ vina wnh wg pool 
sun terraces, garden, (idly 
eauipped. For rent by month, 
during next twelve months. 
Perfect for 4 -6 people. Teh Ol- 
482 2454 (w/end ar eventogu. 



SKIATH05. IsrHa. Alderney H- 
lands 01-8364383. ABTA. 

FUghb from most UK airports. 
Many late special often. F aider 
Ol 471 0CM7 ATOL 1640 
TUfuaiA For lltal perfect Holiday 
win sunny days 4 carefree nts. 
Ideal Spring Summer T unman 
Travel. 01-373 4411. 

AUSSIE. N-Z-. South Africa. 
U S A. Hong Kong. Bcsi Fares. 
01-493 777S ABTA 
Lares Call Btpgtes Travel Ol 
736 8191. Atof 1895. 

SYD /MEL £618 Perth £545 AH 
nuke carriers to AUB/NZ. 01- 
684 7371. ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA Jo-burg from 
£465. 01-684 7371 ABTA- 



Reiaxn tto sun 12 months ultlw 
year. Stfedmn of prime vitas and 
apts to swt mmvKtaa) lereBe- 
ments. Swnewtti private pools at 
Puerto del Canrm. Prime paster 
close to beautrtul teactes. Com- 
petitive rates, mnw or stumer. 
Tat Chetanloid 
(0245) 2G2 486 

MeauUte country. Own. park- 
very naoc but beaottfid. Steel* 
2-6. Not July. AotUSL £120- 
iso per week. 089286-2335. 

Unspoilt Interesting, 
and very pretty " 
The London Sfartdard 


[mnguinB Weekly Study Holidays at 9 British 
2-40 AUGUST, 1986 
34 courses on die COUNTRYSIDE, ' 
LITERATURE Only £1 59 per week, including 
full board, tuition, excursions and social events. 
For further details and brochure please contact: 


School of Continuing Educ ation. 

The University. Canierbury. CT2 7NX, Kent. 
Telephone: Canterbury (0227) 470402 

minutes mflf tn* itesn tant xd 
Beat Snore - one tri Etrope's te- 
es leisure and spoils eoraptares. 
7B£PH0NC 0481 710331 


ftsMna. Nor NORTO NORFOLK. WahtDolum 

Rtoupowtor gr&s&isBs 

BAMMHORR UntacraKy vaca- 
tions. Ltva. dine and wfcM to 
apteodour at Conra* Clr risa C oL 
leoe. X - week Smnraer Cotonl 
cowscs tar adti»k Brodhuro: 8 
Beaufort - PUee Camb ridge 
CBS BAG- Tab. <0242091 236. 

catering cottage to tec Arotg 
S.N, Cram & WSMn. 2 
Northg ate . HunSanton. IJE36 
‘ 6BD. Tab 0488? 331 SL 
PEACEFUL MM NotfolK ( pm 
cottage and ba n ga to w. folly 
entdpped. c%*h. ad TV, dttyris. 

TCL FMteOham 701277. 

cott idstoric Gunton Farit- riba 

bracts TO Cromer 781338. 


DARnwmrnt, DEVTNL Escape 
the grot to our mnandiy 
■ eau i pped t o oigs for 7; to 
grounde or Regency house. Ctxt- 
vattanL yet aeCtodcd. Dan- 
mouih 4SE5/Biaclcawtoa 539. 
PORT ISAAC cottage to let nwf- 
tooldng the sea n thri quaint 
flailing vmage. slpe 8/ ia Beau- 
tiful walks and beaches. Oof Tv. 
FTOeanr. W/mach. D/ washer. 


e^4W:f r*m 

Oms te eadegy. 8we. tha n 




MENTOSL June. 3 weens Sec- 
ondary house on private 
properly. Steeps 6 Lovely 
view*. Outer Mr 3 
weeks- OlO 3393 307259 

COTE tf A2UR CAR V AR_ Lux- 
ury vina by sea- steeps 4. 
reasonable reM. particulars. 
TO: Ol 381 3215 


fa nA aim ^ad botek fi aa 


01 -948 fe OO 

WOURBflOai - 


28 Atari - 13 T t puro. t r I 




TAKE TOME OfF so Parts. Am- 
sterdam. Bruwk Bruges- 
Geneva. Borne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne 6 Dieppe Tune OB. 20. 
Chester Ctaee. London. SW1X 
7BQ. 01-235 8070. 

CYPRUS May/ June I or 2 wks. 
HotcH Apts, scheduled fbghto. 
Pan World Holidays open Sat 
734 2662 ■ after 4pm and Sun 
736 246 41 

SWEDES- Lae choice of holidays 
Sweden Chalets. 28. HHKrasI 
Rd. Orpington (00891 24968. 

LOS OMAWm Tenerife Sea 
ilM apartment to let. £120 no- 
week. -Taman'. J a Nahte. Ted 
0724 856077 

mam south mury toe i 
bed pool sade apart, steeps 4. 
avau Mav . June and wtnter 
£123 00 pw. Tel 10023)888019 

Luxury apartment. mtMROHK 
I View. pool. Tel: 0548810205. 

2 « listed tmiidtog. ISO yds su- 
perb beach, uutet snuauon. 
close simps 6 restaurants. 
Available au dales from £80 
wkly rentaL i0793i 770219. 

MEH1BE1- Mottaraf. French Alps 
Large, new 2 floor apartment - 
totinqe. 3 bras. kUchen. 2 baths 
June6ratember. £2S0- L53 0 
pa- week. TeL (Oil 6038736 

TOM) University vocations, 
uw. ding and wm In splen- 
dour at nr— in» CoOsol i - 
-weex Summer Ctdioral courses - 
tor. adults. Colour brochure: 8 
Beaufort Place. Cambridge. 
CSS 8AO. Tet 1024289) 235. 

1*8 CBABKBpectecutar views, 
nr Cirencester.' vary confori- 


UoeUZZA 7777/8341 

I modern study enure to a rea l 
rare Rearrva. Several days to 

r- Oaen f ortahte s/c 


oak maw, laddor gdn. BasJs- 
ont 028S77 274. 

Cottage 6 gam to Utey. LmMv 
walks. Stps 6/6 0483860689. 

B Wo raft otettuttowfatoEB 
an toraMy ri 70 * aaandkgv 
«e cantet art suanaass al wr 
banB. Bie ens*«n ad kbshN 
nre hod ad one. and * bang 

p*a h Byon, (tea and re ring hr 

McadaeHoast. sea labiate. Sop- 



EXE ESTUARY, Lymtoae. S BromecL^ LtoMLCU ™ S/pooT 

bfedroamed cottage. Bradnire, tbl- (Q38577) 806 . 

™ £120 pra week. TO: 0396 sSSES 

to Ow Lrtbooibo £1480 tortu- 1 1 1 111 '' ) Fran £120 par week. Tel: 0396 i mi If iwM li mu 

give. Qptlops tor victorta Fans 1 1 ICELAND A R REENL AR TO For l 273801. deco«SrovSSe?oS5e —7 

and Huange Nattonai Park II ygwyjpgta*. 07373 i ■LCTRNWAtL- 4 bed.** tae. 2 



BARBADOS. 1 own * mmwl 
vomeof the prettmt villas 5 cm- 
Ugn aiwaw to rent on the 
West Coast. Steeptog from 2-14 
nmons Competitive air fares 
included. For brochures A per- 
sonal -attention call HUH 
SaprpM I OH mil 021 233 1200 
■home w -« 031 «S4 0912. 

BA88ADOS Small Hotels. 7 
nights toe of flight and 
accomJram £384. Accom only 
£61. Suitable for individuals or 
groom Ring roc brochure. 
BudJef Travel 01-741 8091. 

de s erted oeacn from £. 17.100 
ppw. rips. 2-a 0004 823173 



lypm ol telf catering a ccaramo- 

AOOATA. 2 bed. 3 on suite 
baths luxury lor four. Lounge, 
kitchen, own pooL New let it 
ria teL Archer- 0276-73194 or 
0276-30749 anytime. 


eaiuppedi Cala MUor/Cala 
Bona. April. May. June and Or. 
toner 2 Bdrm ants exoo pw, 3 

bdrros apts £120 Pw July. Au- 
gust- seMamber 2 bdrnm ante 
£180 pw. 5 bdrm ape, £320 
pw Tel 021 235 1414 dfhnl 
Forward toternaUOTal ABTA 
29362 ATOL 13808 

Angel Travel <07321 
361115 361859 ABTA 

>dde bungalow. sleeps 8 
AxaUa bte May -Jpne ■ July A 
23rd Aug onwards. Fr £110 
p.w. Phone 0341 022536. 

PARHv Nr Montnanre. Charming 
Hal. sips 4. 6 Avail May 9th - 
2aui inr. £130 pw. Also Jute. 
Aon. Sept £130 pw. to Pam 
43 62 13 60. 

Cuttngei at the saa. some with 
pools from ElOOp w. 0226 357 
477 -536 761. 

PROVENCE between SL Remv 6 
Les Bans. SmaB hse. large pooL 
stag, 4.6. 1 acre, wonderful 
scenery. From £160 pw Avail 
31 May - 14 June. 6 - 19 July A 
fro m 27 Se pt 01-940 6668. 
ST. TNOPCC Luxury house se- 
cluded among vine yards. 3vm 
beaches. Acrorn a pool large 
garden. Services. From 
FT1QOOO pw June.Sepi. Ol- 
937 27D6 Or 0793 770161 
DORDOGNE Lux lamhoue. lira 
7. ewkh ml nq ■ lake, panoramic 
-views overiootong Doras Cha- 
wu Available 37Ui June- lltt 
AuginL Ol 794 4376. 
DORDOGNE Beautiful oto 
watermHI. free from 2B June to 
28 July and after 6 Sepf. From 
£90 P w. Steep! lO. TO: 
1070132, 358 

GARVOEMO. Best villas wtlh 
pod to the Algarve. Inc 
hois villa rental only at unbeat- 
able prices. CRy travel 01-580 
8191. Utoll. 

07978 258 

ALOARVE -Superb honny villa Nr 
Carvuetro Nr sea pool to own 
grounds. Available June and 
Late July from £60 op pwTef. 

62321 (24 hra). Arctic ExpraL bthnns. warii macUne/dryar. 
cnoe Lid. AMmsAMol 2013. ootoortv. Stew 8, 9. AU data, 


: Stew 6 Cot TV. Car park. Car. 

d en Ma y - Scm. Ol 720 7817. 

LUSTY At areg- NCWMJAY. WATERSIDE Flax. Keeps -4 moar- 
CoiatartobteSegrid?H2S5 - par Lingmi^ l gar den c otaur 
a lee pa 8 - All mod com - Large TV. CacnwalL Fneshwaur 

S73S 1 - Newquay loWt£S boatyard. Si Mown 270443 | 

- Lusty Gtaze beach. 3 mto - Mmia mn w.m 1 

Pom Beadi G miD iwoik - Boots- duo. , 

rnr Paf ■ carafert. ob Ma y 30 a t 1 

sunmwr 1986. PWi Mr ReatrooguoL FOmeuto 72722. -1 
French: Hewquay (O sK "to CMI fLCilfU- tSQyds i 


IP fU NR BANK HOL-Prtvate vil- 
la} m Algarve with staff A own 
Pools. (Phew ms 23 May 2 Wks 
Partner A faaraer 01 -496S72S. 

Cdfloway- Jo) - Aug. DetaBa. 55 

I ml tv. aha 6. Tat 020886 3S71. 
S. DEVON COAST. Shatoon. Nr 
Torouay. Thatched cartage*. 

STOBM FLAT Old river town, hto 

Exeter. Sleeps 2/4. Tet05928T 


I AWf lERT RYE Charming ran age 




eautppod house. Op* 6 2 balhs. 
garage, gareten. AirilMH 619 
July. £160 p.w. 0044-064063. 

ALRURUtA Apt- alas. 6 Mol. 
Law cancefiatton. IS days fr. 
MayS £275 p.w. Also Lgr villa 
Slbs. 12. own POOL avail first 2 
wks. June & July and fr Aug. 
26. Tel Ol 997 8897. 

1 / 6c good 

At 10 people Fm£2»sw. TO 



Accommodation available at the 


From 10th May -’86 

Telephone: 01-583 8433 
ask for JOHN HARVEY 

cottages and ei M oi m omc 
droves mar to sandy be a ches 
Special offer Mav 13. 20. £169 
toduuve. Corfu a la Cane 0635 
30621. AM 1579 

day 18 May 1 wk £169 and 
2Slh May 2 wks £189 Dean! It id 

vflUn ex Cahrick. Fop World 
Holiday* open Sal 73 a 2562 Uf. 
ter 4 oti and Sup 736 S464| 
LUXURY VRLA, fWtex. tdyWc 
situation, mbhl car. 3 dWe 
turrma. BtnTms rn rode. Pri- 
vately Owned. (02641 68310. 
KOS beautiful restored mimm 
vUU for 4 to 5- Superb view. 
PHL 01-7 94 5214 pcev 
■YKONO®. Apartment lor 4. -5w 
uwn Onct fligbts- flroti r Si- 
mon HOMdayv Ol- 373 1 933. 

sips 8 9 plus 6DL Beautiful ru- 
ral Iccuoan s pool, m a te Only 
2 weeks left Sus summer. 10-24 
Jure and October upwards. Tel: 
09 S3 810065 

iuNy mooernteed ftehermut's 
raaage In Burgau. overioolung 
tea. From £150 p w. Stamford 
107801 740619 lEro.-'Wk Ends) 

Holiday* of dwmetton for the 
very few. Tet. 01-491 0802. 73 
St James'* Surat. SWI. 

private vina sterns ft-B own 
pool nudd nr beach A village. 

AM avail site 2 0 016505874. 

Hobday* of dMtocNon tar the 
ran- few TO: 01-491 0802- 73 
Street SWt. 
Suren vinas with 
ydu Agency. 01- 

homes incite you to enjoy 

EE G(XiFatStJVMlion 

cottages & ap 

mgaa- 20 

Ur. Riding avgltaBie. May 6 ■* 

Jftth Outlay oottatoe. 5 mites 
from sot. Louabr views, logte- 

To: Wimpey Tinie-Owttership. FREEPOST. 
Horsham. West Sussex. 

rags, oraare n A dogs wetoasw. 
Ortdlt Car ds ( Q B 4 g» 434- 
“•sw UA & Mountain cot- 

Jarb fUdnutefuril (hr 
uk rtuinuK", ihip cdl nunr 

Tbe two-day viuii costs oaly CJOjOO per head and include* 

*^JS2STJ2S“ , -“ C 

I Hew*wpd meepfaar brochure 00 St. M pIIiod T im*- 
I ywnerahip aad details of 1 nspeeticmvTsiti 

poor HaL Uft. isafrooL mfloral- 
fed Vten. Sleep 84 
_£80- 140. 0556 860X56 

apsS 6 Owp pool, 
pw. Tel 06627 739. 

fr lb cm doner at the Si Mcflm * CU 

God and COuafir CM 

* Full (ram* BofcfM 

*. FnciMMUl oTprifra He II boh 




Edited by Shona Crawford Poole 

Jewel in the crown of the Caribbean 

*• -*« j 

W * 

*'K * 

**”3 i- r ; * 

! ^M5| 

I i W-, 

: .v 

.jgggjg ^God’s fair isle , is no longer 
the exclusiv e playground of the rich. 
Jgg ny Branford samples its Hrifotc 


*■**. w- 


Ton-Ton, man about my 
bouse to the hills, was making 
asnack of ackibe on toast A 
change from saltfish. The 
racing results were coming in 
from Caymans park, punctu- 
ated by the football results 
tram norite. 

at Cardiff 
BeUl * Peter Finch’s 

3SPV» garden 

wn P rhythmic swings of the 
cutlass. Somewhere a dap- 
nands church was roc kins- 
Down below a posse of local 
dreads were “stepping” to a 
roadside rub-a-dub session. 

I had a last dip in the pool at 

jeuptat - - 

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m ix-%-4‘ 

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iw» : iwh' tKu.jL <-v. 

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tfciif •- 

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>r •*'«•' ■» 


. . *••■ 
Sr*- -•-•• 

— «■ ■ ■ 


: r “«■ puui dl 

my aptly-named Sol-Y-Mar. 
reached for a beer and cooled 

u out on the terrace to watch the 
sun set across a carpet of pine, 
palm and-poindanna to Run- 
away Bay — not far from 
where Christopher Columbus 
pad the genius to discover the 

Saturday evening was a 
good time to be in Jamaica 
And Saturday night had yet to 
come. That island in the sun 
sung about by Belafonte, com- 
posed fn by Coward, swash- 
buckled around by Flynn, a 
magnet to r oyal and common 

A tropical apocalypse 
of a hinterland — a 
crazy canvas of green 

cognoscenti, is arguably the 
most beautiful m the world. 
And now the strength of the 
pound and weakness of the 
Jamaican dollar has put 
“God’s fair isle”, once the 
exclusive playground of the 
rich, within easy reach of the 
Algarve set. 

In simple terms it means 
that you can go into a bar in 
Montego Bay, order a Red 
Stripe and a rum, and come 
out with change from a pound. 
Or get away with lobster for 
two,— fora tenner. 

Outside the. high season 
(three or lour months from 
mid-December) organizations 
like JAVA (Jamaica Associa- 
tion of Villas and Apartments) 
are packaging luxury fort- 
nights Tor less than £600-a- 

l Jamaica, is big (about 145 

■ miles by 50) and beautiful 
. enough to caterio every taste 

■ — with most , of the tastiest 
morsels on the house. The sun 

; beats down at a steady 80F. 

* But that is only part of the 
t Picture. What really matra 
, Jamaica the jewel in the 
Caribbean, is a tropical apoca- 
lypse of a hinterland —a crazy 
canvas of peen. 

. Coconut palms, Haremac 
gram cotton trees, poinsettia, 

□ i discus, bougainvillaea 
round one corner. Pure Con- 
stable country the nexL With 
names that trip off the 
toungue: Barbecue Bottom, 
Buckup, and Wait-A-Bit A 
place where Newmarket is in 
Cornwall and Manchester in 

The whole island is animat- 
ed by a mobile, manic, never- 
ending roadshow. Mini-buses 
scattering squawking fugitives 
from the local cock-fight and 
goats fattening for the pot. 
Girls giggling Clap-hands 
ch arches rocking true Jamai- 
can style. Rasta men reason- 
ing. Old men- on donkeys and 
old ladies who address you as * 

Make up your own roadside 
menu as you bo along. De- 
pending on parish and season 
you can pick from mangoes, 
melons, oranges, pineapple, 
papaw and pears. Roast yam. 
com, or breadfruit. Peppered 
shrimps, patties, curried goal 
(give the mannish water a 
miss), fish tea (soup) or jerk _ 
pork (a spicy delicacy sold by 
thejxmnd, pricey but worth 
it), wash it all down with fresh 
coconut water from a coconut 
decapitated on the spot. Red 
Stripe, or my preferred “red 
top” (McEwans Strong Ale — 
very strong). 

To enjoy the great Jamaica 
roadshow and reach the spec- 
tacular parts most visitors 
hardly bear about you need a 
car, but rental is still expen- 
sive in Jamaica, so shop 
around for a discount. 

Arriving in wicked old 
Kingston can have its adyaiti. ■ 
tages. like sipping coffee- ocTj 
the balcony . of the luxurious 

. _ . , V/.v\ 


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wm m % 

I - ' 

- ' . - Bm\ ' OdlO . 

• j«iw . - ■: Frevhnaits 

7V Ccdpl 

Cwmj- dSSrr^-W f t / 

JAMA,c ^v-te 


> C<R(BBEA\ ■ 

0 SE.4 - 

Street life and shady deals: travelling around Jamaica is a never-ending roadshow, hot beaches like this one at the Runaway Bay Hotel on the north coast (top ) are havens of peace 

S2.&2? S* ta-bjjlh. Vie™ acpss Jspy Unwise ,o accepu 

green hills and a cnampjon- Heathrow customs posit ive- 

comes from. If they know you 
are coming you might find 
your personalized gold-em- 
bossed matches awaiting. 

It’s the place to “do” Kings- 
ton from — with its galleries, 
gardens, ghettos, Gun Court, 
golf, racing, reggae, restau- 
rants, and raucous street life. 
But make sure you stock up 
with additional goodies from 
its supermarkets before head- 

ing Tor the hills and if your 
destination is on the North 
Coast 60 or so scenic miles 

If Port. Antonio is your 
permanent pon-of-call then 
join the club. Errol Flynn 
(whose widow, Patrice, com- 
bines beef and boutiques there 
by way of business) couldn’t 
resist it — nor could recent 
converts such as Peter 

There are mandatory activi- 

ties like raffing on the Rio 
Grande (costly), visiting great 
houses. Blue Holes, and blue 
marlin fishing tournaments. 

Tea at the Trident. One of 
the most discreet hotels in the 
world, where they fly in the 
fillet mignon, peacocks strut a 
turf that would put Wembley 
to shame, and if the Imperial 
suite (good enough for the 
Vanderbilts and Norfolks) 
fails to satisfy, there’s always 
the chateau — or castle. 

Dream ticket for island hoppers 

If you fancy checking out a 
few islands in the sun, the 
Caribbean ahffne List are 
amestly offering one of tbe 
better bargains in escapism 
- a ldnd of “Red Rover** of 
the skies. Far about £100 you 
can purchase an Island-hop- 
ping ticket to a trio of dream 
d wriaa i l o t . 

You “pays your money” 
(at this end) “and picks your 
paradises” . - . Antigua, 
Barbados, Guadeloupe, Gra- 
nada. Dominica, : St 

Lncia . . . any three from a 
dozen or more sun-soaked 
hideaways; and you get a 21- 
day three-island stop-over 
deal for the kind of money 
that hardly gets locals from 
one island to the next. 

So if yon are going to the 
Caribbean and you do not 
know which island to pick, 
you can ring the changes on 
tbe cheap. British Airways 
represent Liat here and iff at 
first, yoo do not succeed in 

tracking down list's elusive 
“Explorer” fare, keep chip- 
ping away. It does exist 
somewhere in BA’s computer 
— with reservations. 

It has to be booked here, it 
applies only to islands flown 
to by Liat (in conjunction 
with a British Airways re- 
turn), and ft exdodes the 
periods December 15 to Jan- 
uary 15, the week before and 
after Easter, and July 13 to 
September 15. 

A dip at Frenchman’s Cove 
- the great watering hole of 
tbe pre-Jct Set and my candi- 
date for the most beautiftd 
beach in the world. Small, 
exclusive, tucked away behind 
acres of manicured lawns split 
by an emerald river meander- 
ing from mountain to sea. 

Dining by floodlit 
waterfall at the 
Ruins restaurant 

Sunset at Bonnie View, 
which is what it says. A hotel 
which seems to be perched on 
top of the world — with a 
Doctor Bird’s view of the old 
banana plantations, twin har- 
bours and translucent waters 
of Port Antonio. 

My white mansion in the 
hills at Runaway Bay was 
typical of what JAVA offera. 
Air-conditioned, three bed- 
rooms (with bath and dressing 
room en suite), cook, house- 
keeper, pool terrace, and ma- 
jestic balcony, set in two acres 
of palm and pine — with 

■■Cook ■ 



DiKowr &r youtsdf die true «rieoal mge a£ 
aodenc temples, palaces and pagodts, classical 
£ud many i r vfir ColoSd Slid 
taces^ -all the while egoying#npeda- 
oveaerwee in die finesrhotdL You’D find- 

Thailand, Bs 

Si ngapore and China in our Faraway 
and Escorted Journeys brochures. 
Phene 01-629 0999 and well 
• : ' ' '.Ihwlf rad them to you, or visit any 
TbomasCookoe Frames 
Travel branch. 

' — AST AKiaM v 



A low view of high-flying oil prices 

Leading tour operators are 
urgmg the ofl companies to 
cut the price of aviation fiieL 
One company. Horizon Hob- 
days, 1ms predicted that there 
could be “massive” increases 
in holiday prices next year if 



* k***duol naton and <n3i*g LangutV k* pr ot o r y 

0*0* and Oot nww 

vmf K »n, mxxm. ** an. mu*, a*** bwml 

Sumr* hc*«*o» eoo«»ci tor prtt and bo/*- 


International institute tor Young girts 

TMdang n noMtA h ra tih i ' HmutSip. 


the cost of fuel is not reduced 
in line with the lower crude-oil 

Mr Sidney Perez, chairman 
of the influential Tour 
Operators' Study Group 
(TOSGX whose members ac- 
count for more than 70 per 
cent of the package holiday 
market, maintains that the ofl 
companies 7 are holding on to 
“excess” profits and keeping 
the price of holidays high. 

i Florida bargains 

| Jetsave is the latest operator to 
, cut iBe price of holidays to 
i Florida. Passengers travelling 
I from Gatwjck or Manchester 
to Orlando on selected depar- 

Geneva Zurich 
Lausanne Berne 


lures during May will now pay 
£299 TCtmn, compared with 
the previous rate of £469, 
including seven nights’ hotel 
accommodation. - 
Savings by sea 

Discounts are being offered on 
summer car-feny services. 
Lunn Poly is cutting the price 
of feny bookings taken for 
departures between now and 
September 30 on all routes 
across tbe Channel and the 
Nonh Sea. 

The fere for the vehicle plus 
driver and two passengers, flu- 
example, will be cut py £15, 
provided that the trip is for at 
least seven days and that 
passengers buy Lunn Poly’s 
own travel insurance. 

Meanwhile, Sally Line is 
cutting the cost of family 
travel across the Channel 

For a fhe copy of an 
together with our 
brochure on individual 
tndimvc holidays to this 
beautiful dtf f write to — 

Time Off LaL, 

2a Chester Oooe, 
London SWIX7BQ. 

during the peak months. Up to 
three children will be able to 
travel free with motorists on 
any sailing on Sally’s Rams- 
gaie-Dunkirk route between 
July 1 1 and September 12. 

• Thomson Holidays, the 
UK’s largest tour operator, 
has guaranteed that there 
will be no surcharges on its 
main winter-sun and 
winter-sports programmes 
next wilder. Other 
operators are expected to 
follow suit 

Supersonic Canaries 

Short-break holidays in tbe 
Canaries with a flight by 
Concorde in one direction are 
on offer from Lanzarote Vil- 
las, starting on June 6. Passen- 
gers can combine the flight 
with a three or four-night 
break at the five-star Las 
Saiinas-Sberaton. Free excur- 
sions and car hire are included 
in the price of £895 for three 
nights or £975 for four. Infor- 
mation: 0403 51304. 

Motoring guide 

A useful guide to motoring, 
holidays in Sweden, Drive 
Around Sweden by Robert 
Spark, has just been pub- 
lished. It gives hints on driv- 
ing enqueue and the Swedish 
road system and suggests itin- 
eraries covering every part of 
the country. The guide is 
published by Traffon Publish- 
ing of Cobham at £4.95. 

Philip Ray 




Why not phone JAN or ANDY on 
11-253 2662 

For fist land knowledge and tator 
made (treranf/quoMwn. Or write to*. 




^ 1 ~ 1 1815 Oareas-MaCrtux (Bumdtd 1927) 

i5fT7 Ages 9-19 yem. CLCE “0~ sad “A" levels. 


IttunOUad &fenf-#r*Sbfr 
Air rt’tS yn n - 
/Lomu* Smn 12 -18 
/w® Lmpvam 
Trtrphaar 0)01101024741 
7<4t* X 472 BMCB 

Purpose buih school rawing wmtofo) Mtiw fc 

^URSS°U«»Sjvc French) for boys 
aad goto in July »6 August. . 

Tut 01041/2LAS4J4.U Tc 458131 feor ch 

• GCEOmd A kvA. Can&idgB Bond 

• Ftctoaties for Ibe Intmotaond 
Bsccskunal In French 

• Modem JoBaagM * ftew*. Bluish. 
SpiaMurlMBM. Cnwnti 

• School of Cbanawe. 

Study in Switzerland 


Malta’s latest tourist 

Heathrow Terminal 4. 

Air Malta is the only scheduled airline to fly direct to Malta from 
Heathrow, let alone the brand spanking new Terminal 4. And yet our 
prices Stan ax just £135 return. 

For reservations, please call 01-930 2612 or see your travel agent. 


promise you a warm welcome. 

E.V « 






mflSBcr frLuUg. 

fsaoowd forfotar 
be«n> Meadows 
an cowered Mtit 

fiada waitoycf 
J p in e O qra. 

Tyrol vOfages 
cmn&n, esceflent 
local wines at 

•Summer Courees in August and Sept 


|| .jg5 ■J&gSgj 

frtjh welw ' 

. eednsentotionieonBX' 

Sooth Reservations, 

9 Reece Mow, London SW73HE. . 
Td: 01-5842845 DAhriQ-StTfea 

FUest lead me tfe Sooth Tyrut brochures 

■ImDn gaaranesd. 
aa ideal ptax br 



Motoring Breaks 

Hoverspeed have selected over 150 hotels 
of character and distinction, all within easy 
driving distance of Calais and Boulogne. Thereh 
tbe opportunity to explore the Rhine and 
Moselle Vhlleys. the picturesque old towns of 
Northern France and Belgium, the vineyards 
of Champagne, the forests of the Ardennes, 
tbe capital ddes, Paris, Amsterdam and Brussels; 
as wdl as to stay ta beautiful Chateaux hotels. 

With your'll be gfwen a free tape 
cassette or Information pack for the area, with 

advice on whereto go. what to see. and the best 

places to eat. 

Prices, from £45 per person, include hotel 
accommodation and breakfast, and return 
hovercraft crossing with your car from Dover 
(assuming 4 adults in party). 

For a copy of our “Continental Motoring 
Breaks" can at your travel agent or telephone 
KH1 554-7061. 

Half the time. TWice the style. 

ship golf course to silvery seas 

And not far from Ocho 
Rios, which is probably the 
best place to explore the island 
from, ringed by beaches and 
coves, with the dramatic 
Dunn's River Falls on the 
road to Montego Bay and 
Negril, and a fairyland called 
Fern Gully leading to 
Linstead. the “cockpit 
country” - and the fecund 
face of Jamaica. 

There is not much missing 
from the Ocho Rios repertoire 
of waterspons: well-stocked 
shops and bars, places to visit 
(tropical gardens, plantations, 
historic houses and sights), 
explosions of night-life and 
the spectacular Ruins restau- 
rant where you dine by 
floodlit waterfall 

Wherever you are in Jamai- 
ca keep your cool and your 
cigarettes out of sight. The 
national sport is Beg You 
Cigarette Sir. You will be 
offered a well-known local 
brand with monotonous regu- 

ly froth at the mouth when the 
planes from in from Kingston. 
But h does have its compensa- 
tions. Officials who eyed and 
smelled my treasured stock of 
Studio One records turned an 
embarrassed blind eye to the 
odd bottle of Jamaican coffee 
liqueur when they found noth- 
ing more incriminating than 
vintage compressed vinyl. 


Gerald Harper runs JAVA 
from PO Box 298. Ocho Rios, 
Jamaica (Ocho Rios 
974 2508). 

British Airways "Early 
Saver" flies you there seven 
days a week for £375 return 
either via Miami or direct to 
Kingston on Sun, and 
Kingston via Montego Bay on 
Wed and Sat 

The Jamaica Tourist Board 
is at 50 St James's Street, 
London SW1 (01-493-9007). 
For information on the 
Trident Hotel contact Windotel 
at 149 Stoane Street. 

London SW1 (01 730-7144). 

The temperature I 
Sk in Middlesex ‘ 
\ today is 82° F 

' ^ Ocho Rios is in Middlesex. 
Jamaica And right now it’s warmer 
than Middlesex. England. 

For ihejamaiea Information Pack, 
write ia Jamaica Tourist Board. 
KN u 50 Sl James's St. London 
iFifcStt'iA lit (oh-w 1707) 



Lake Constance ; Black Forest 
Neckar Valley ■ Swabian Jura. 

Travel down to. the romantic river plain of the Neckar, 

■ through the Black Forest with its dense forests and idyllic 
homesteads, to the rugged Swabian Jura and the lovely, 
mellow Lake Constance. - 

And visit the historic cities of Heidelberg, Stuttgart and 
Freiburg with their wealth of culture and colour. 

For the adventurous there are rambling holidays in the ' 
romantic countryside Hke ‘Walking in the Black Forest" 

(while you are waking, your luggage is delivered to the next 
hotel). For the family there are farmhouse holidays and self 
catering paries. Motorists can enjoy the scenic landscape 
and stay in cosy inns and guest houses. And naturally. Lake 
Constance otters the perfect setting for water-sport 

Wherever you visit in Baden-Wurttemberg you will be 
spoiled. Not only by landscapes brimming with natural 
beauty and friendly people, but also by Germany’s most 
renowned cuisine and excellent wines. 

If you would like to know more about holidays in Baden- 
WurilemberQ just send in the coupon. 

Please send me your free holiday brochures of the Baden- 
Wurttemberg region in the Federal Republic of Germany. 
T0\ German National Tourist Office, (Distribution Centre), 
Park Farm. Folkestone. Kent. CT1B 5D2. 





Where Heaven meets Hell in splendour 

RiolograDfca tj<r Harry Ka*r 

Nigel Andrew lays 
bare the naked 
attractions and 
treasures of an 
Elizabethan giant 

The first view of Burghley 
looks more like a small town 
than a house. It's the roof line 
that does it. Towers and 
pinnacles, gables, turretts, 
obelisks and clusters of col- 
umns. This is the extraordi- 
nary spectacle that greets you 
as you approach across the 
park — nicely sprinkled with 
deer and sheep. 

.Anyone who, like me. has 
been foolish enough to walk 
the 1 l /: miles to Burghley from 
Stamford after a heavy lunch 
at The George, will be glad to 
pause and take a good look at 
this grand Elizabethan exteri- 
or. which has remained un- 
changed since it was built by 
William Cecil, the first Lord 
Burghley. He was Queen 
Elizabeth's Lord Chancellor 
and a prime example of how 
to make money out of the law: 
this little pied-a-terre is one of 
four houses he builL 

A grand - a very grand - 
Elizabethan house, then. But 
the interior is a different story, 
most of it having being trans- 
formed by Cecil's descendant 
the Fifth Earl of Exeter, a lover 
of all things Italian. From 
1680 onwards, he turned 
room after room from austere 
Elizabethan to exuberant Ba- 
roque. assisted by the modish 
Neapolitan painter Antonio 

It is largely thanks to Verrio 
that Buighley now offers such 
a succession of breathtaking 
interiors. His masterpiece, the 
Heaven Room, is one of the 
finest painted rooms any- 
where — the ceilings and walls 
completely covered with a riot 
of "Gods and Goddesses dis- 
poning themselves as Gods 
and Goddesses are wont to 
do", to quote a 19th-century 

High and mighty: an architectural wonder of turrets, pinnacles and gables on Burghley House's west front, and (right) one of the fine woodcarvings 

Mythological figures spill 
out from all angles, cascade 
towards the floor, gayg down 
on us mortals or appear 
unnervingly over our shoul- 
ders. all emoting wildly and 
exposing lots of succulent 

The counterpart to the 

Heaven Room, the Hell Stair- 
case. never quite came off. 
Verrio. not one to take Hell 
very seriously, finished only 
the ceiling before taking off for 
Hampton Court. It was left to 
Thomas Stothard, a century 
later, to cover the walls in 
suitable gloomy style. But the 

staircase itself is a wonderfully 
light creation. 

Burghley is also thick with 
portraits. The art collection, 
particularly of Italian Ba- 
roque, is extraordinarly rich, 
and every wall is densely hung 
with pictures, set off by beauti- 
fully carved wood (Grinling 


Stamford is one of the loveliest 
small towns in England. Even 
without Burghley House on its 
outskirts, it is well worth 
visiting. Everything is built of 
stone and miraculously 
unspoilt. There are fine old 
houses, beautiful streetscapes 
and marvellous churches — St 
Martin's with its two grand 
Cecil monuments, All Saints 
with its angel roof, St Mary’s 
with its superb exterior. There 
are atmospheric old pubs, 
including The Millstone on 
All Saints Street and St 
Mary's Vaults on St Mary's 

The premier hostelry. The 
George, has a superb restau- 
rant and there are many other 
good places to eat Quality 
butchers and delicatessens 

Gibbons worked here). 

The Elizabethan house sur- 
vives in the Old Kitchen and 
the Great Hall. It is a huge 
vaulted kitchen, with an array 
of massive copper serving 
dishes. The Great Hall has a 
wonderful high double-ham- 
mer-beam roof, all a world 

away from Verrio's extrava- 

This Great Hall should also 
have a gigantic solid silver 
wine cooler, but along with, 
various other items from 
Burghley, it was lent to the 
great exhibition of English 
country house treasures in 

A bridge with history: 

abound. John Sinclair's Is the 
largest of several antique 
shops and the Rutland Book 
shop in Cheyne Lane has an 
interesting second-hand stock. 

Tucked away in Stamford 
Walk, a shopping mall created 
out of tiie old Stamford Hotel, 
is tin 1 • Coffee Cup cafe. 

the old town of Burghley 

Brown's Hospital on Found 
Street is a beautiful medieval 
alms house. The town museum 
has a life-sized figure of 
Daniel Lambert, who weighed 
52 stone II Jbs, and lived and 
died in Stamford. Even the 
railway station - built like a 
miniature castle— is a delight. 

Washington D. C. and has yet 
to return. That is one of the 
penalties of being the sort of 
treasure house Burghley is- 
Even the fireplaces have solid 
silver fittings! 

But the embarrassment of 
riches also means that there 
are huge reserves to draw on 
for special exhibitions, and at 
present there is a fascinating 
display of scientific instru- 
ments collected by the 10th 
Earl at the tuna of the nine- 
teenth century. This quietly 
ticking room is well worth a 
browse on the way out 

Burghley House is still, 
happily, occupied by a branch 
of the Cecil family. It has no 
fewer than 240 rooms, of 
which the hour-king guided 
tours take in 18. After which, 
you will be ready for tea in the 
Orangery (designed by Capa- 
bility Brown), where you can 
look out over the formal 
gardens and collect yourself 
Believe me, you will need to. 

Burghley House, Stamford. 

Lines (0780 52451) is open 
until Oct 5 every day from - 
1 1am to 5pm. Closed Sept 6. 

'All in" tickets £2^0, 
children £1.60 



JUDY show: Thoroughly 
authentic children’s snow in 

'"s finest i 
manor I 

Hadrian Had, BakeweH. 
Derbyshire (062 981 2855). 
Today. 1 lam-Spm. Adult 
£2J20. chad unoer 14, £1 .10. 



skffls and horse- 


dancing, herbs 
culinary uses (t 
a rxf Morris dancing (Mon), 
Cogges Farm Museum, - 

Church Lane. Cogges, . 

Witney (72 602). Today-Mdn, / 
. 10-30am-5-30pm, demos 2- 
4.30pm, Adutt £1 .50, chtttf 80p. 

FLOATS: A colourful street 
p ^wjth lS floats and 

a static otfloatsT* 

staHs and a craft tent 
Spakftng. Lincotnshire. 

DetaSs: (0775 4843): Parade - 

today from 1.30pm. free; 
exhfbitioflrat Sir Halley Stewart 
Field, today-T ues. 1 0am- 
6pm. Admission today, Mon. 
Tubs ,adiA£1.chfld free; 

tomorrow adult £4. 


Rower shows, personalties 
and a playground for children. 
Three Counties 
Showground. Mafvem. 
Worcestershire (Off 845 

7pm, Mon 

tomorr o w 1( 

10am-5pm. Adutt! 


1 00 craftsmen and 84 Stans, 
with many demonstrati on * 
Also maypole dancing, bands. 
Leeds Castle. Maidstone, 
Kent Today, tomorrow, Mon, 
11am-5pm. Fayre and . 
castle grounds, adutt £2.65, 

A VONCROFT: A re-enactment 
of domestic and military We 
in the Mkkte Ages; plus a 
model railway and shke 

Avoncroft Museum of 
Buildings, Bromsgcove, 
Worcestershire (0527 31 
383). Tomorrow and Mon, 
11am-&30pm. Adutt £175. 
child 80p- 

FAYRE: Traditional village fair 
with pony treks. Morris 
dancers, competi tio ns, 
miniature train and bus . ' 
rides. Cream teas, barbeque 
and a children's comer. 
BJackheath Lane, 

BJackheath, nearGuWford, 
Surrey. Further information 
Robin May (0483 893 625). 
Mon. from 2pm.Ad mission 
and carpark free'. 

. ft • ^ 

Judy Froshsag 


Shona Crawford Poole on how to keep roast birds moist 

Succulent stuffing for 
the fairest of fowl 

Dtans UndMlBr 

If birds had dress sense the 
vuliurine guinea fowl would 
be somewhere near, the top of 
any best-dressed list. From the 
back it looks much like any 
other guinea fowl, a sober grey 
which at close range turns out 
to be black with white spots. 
Head-on it is a ravishing 
vision of curvaceously cm 
stripes of a blue so powerful 
that it appears to pulsate. 



. *«•■•*». '<w . 






Daily winners of the 
competition, and the 
booksellers who supplied 
their entry forms for the 
24th to 30th April are as 

Miss D.W. Hanill. 

West Midlands 
(Hudsons Bookshop, 

Michael Bradford, Bucks. 
(The Scotts Pine, Fsrthshire) 

M.J. Howard. London 
(Selfridges Book Shop, 

- • Oxford Street) 

Tiw. Murphy, Surrey 
(J. Menzies, Edinburgh) 

Mr. R. Bottomley. Coventry 
(W.H. Smith & Sons, 

Mr Gcoige Joslin, London 
(Army & Navy Stores, 
Victoria Street) 

. v'vTT - 


According to East Africa 
hands, vuliurine guinea fowl 
are every bit as edible as their 
more soberly dressed cousins. 
Both score high on taste, but 
tend to be dry. 

Dense, lean flesh which 
dries easily when cooked is a 
characteristic which has not 
been bred out of guinea fowl 
reared for the table. Falling 
somewhere between domestic 
poultry and game, farmed 
1 guinea fowl are- nonetheless 
1 more than fancy chickens and 
their year-round availability 

fills the long gap between 
shooting seasons. 

These recipes also work well 
with pheasants and small 
chickens, which benefit from 
the flavour-bolstering treat- 
ments designed to retain 

Instead of stuffing the cavi- 
ty of an oven-ready bird, the 
stuffing can be inserted be- 
tween the skin and flesh of the 
breast and thighs. This not 
only ensures that roasted gui- 
nea fowl is moist, but gives it a 
pleasingly plump appearance. 


Failure at the crucial point 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus win be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday. May 8, 1 986. Entries should 
be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Competition. I 
Pennington Street. London. El 9XN.The winners and solution will 
be announced on Saturday. May 10. 1986. 


t Quake monitor (1 1 1 
9 Bird leathers 17) 

10 Co without (5) 

11 Groove (3) 

13 Knocks hard (4) 

16 Metal band (4) 

17 Carpoo 142) 

18 Skeletal picture (1.3) 
28 Flag 14) 

21 Sense (6) 

22 Humble «4l 

23 Not wdl off (4) 

25 ArmydHcfl.I.I) 

28 That group (Si 

29 Coppers (7) 

30 Skin medicine (1 1) 


2 Fit out (Si 

3 Shut hard (4) 

4 Bowler's spell (4j 

5 Crack (4) 

6 Living room (7) 

7 Roughly (III 

8 “Cruel Sea" ship 

12 Messy fb) 

14 Cunning<3) 

15 Sheen 16) 

19 Inspiring (7) 

20 Spme(3) 

24 DuerSl 

25 Appear (4) 

26 Roiisserie(4) 

27 Indigo f 4 j 

ACROSS: I Census 5 Rabbit 8 Tea 9 Sa- 
lami 10 Cajole 1 1 Menu 12 Resource 14 
Re>amp 17 Effete 19 Aperture 22 Lope 24 
Safari 25 Arable 26 Fun 27MeasK 28 Tee- 

DOWN: 2 Erase 3 Spatula 4 Surra p 5 
Races 6Buou 7 Illicit 13 Oaf 15 Ex- 
piate 16 Mel 17 Elegant 18 Foliage 20 

Roars 21 Unify 23 Pulse 

The winners of prize concise .Vo 933 arc: J. R. 
unne. Kimberley- Road. Leicester and J. R. 
Harker. Connaught Road. SeaJbid. 

SOLUTION TO NO 935 (last Saturday' prize concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Quarrelsome 9 Updates 10 Syrup 11 Too 13 Cord 
Clan 17 Unwind 18 Upon 20 Soda 21 Little 22 Love 23 Ague 
Yes 28 Terra 29 Chateau 30 Versatility 

DOWN: 2 Udder 3 Rote 4 Erst 5 So-so 6 Morelia 7 Punctual- 
ity 8 Spontaneous 12 0maic 14 Dun 15 Awhile 19 Obverse 20 
Sea 24 Greet 25 Yaks 26Scut 27 Hail 

Name , „ 

Address - ... 

Roast, stuffed guinea fowl 

Serves four 

2 oven-ready guinea fowl 

55g (2oz) butter 

225g (Boz) leeks, finely 

450g (lib) raw spinach, or 
225g (8oz) cooked 

170g(6oz)rlcotta cheese 

2 tablespoons finely 
chopped parsley 

Salt and freshly ground 
black pepper 

Freshly grated nutmeg 

Melt half the butter in a heavy 
pan and sweat the leeks until 
tender without allowing them 
to brown. 

Wash ihe spinach if it is 
raw. remove the stalks, and 
cook lightly in a covered pan. 
There is no need to add liquid. 
It will cook quickly in the 
water left dinging to the 
leaves. Drain and chop the 
spinach and squeeze out as 
much of the moisture as you 

Mix the spinach with the 
cooked leeks, fresh ri cotta, 
parsley, salt and pepper. Add 
just enough freshly grated 
nutmeg to complement the 
bland sweetness of the ri cotta. 

Using your fingers, separate 
the skin from the flesh of the 
guinea fowl over the breast 
and thighs. Divide the stuffing 
between the two birds, and 
spread it over the breast and 
thighs in tidy layers. Put a 
small knob of butler rolled in 
salt and pepper into the cavity 
of each bird and fasten tfaie 
openings with string or skew- 
ers. Pat them into an attrac- 
tive shape and spread with the 
remaining butter. 

Roast the guinea fowl in a 
preheated oven (I90°C/37S°F. 
gas mark 5) for about one 
hour, basting once or twice. 
Rest them in a warm place for 
at least five minutes before 

Using poultry shears the 
birds can be cut in halves as an 
alternative to carving in slices. 

Poaching is another tech- 
nique which is particularly 
successful with guinea fowl 
and pheasants. A rich, home- 
made stock is essential. In an 
idea] kitchen it will be guinea 
fowl stock enriched with gela- 
tine from veal or chicken 
bones. More likely, it will be 
ricb chicken stock. 

Poached guinea fowl 
Serves mo to throe 

1 oven-ready guinea fowl 

2 litres (4 pints) good stock 


Cayenne pepper 

30g (1 oz) cold butter 

Choose a pan or casserole 
deep enough to hold the bird 
submerged in stock without 
too much extra space. 

Bring the stock to a simmer, 
add the guinea fowl and cook 
it at the lowest of simmers for 
about 45 minutes. Take it out 
of the stock and drain it well. 
Reduce the stock by fast 
boiling until it is very strongly 

Joint the guinea fowl, cut- 
ting the legs into two pieces 
each, and the breast into two 
or three pieces. Keep It warm 
in a preheated oven 
f l40 r ‘C/275°F. gas mark I ) for 
up to 45 minutes covered with 

Put about 8 tablespoons of 
the well-reduced stock in 
small saucepan and season if 
needed with salt and cayenne 
pepper. Bring it almost to the 
boil and incorporate the but- 
ter. adding small pieces one at 
a time and shaking the pan to 
incorporate them smoothly. 

Serve with the sauce and a 
selection of steamed fresh 

The stock left over from 
cooking the guinea fowl can be 
frozen and used to repeat the 

The Reisinger Trophy is the 
centrepiece of the American 
Fall Nationals. It is a team 
contest with point-a-board 
scoring, almost unheard of in 
an age when popular demand 
has made ‘‘Swiss” the univer- 
sal method of scoring multiple 
teams events. There is no 
doubt that point-a-board is the 
more skilful method, which 
perhaps explains why the ma- 
jority prefer Swiss teams. 

The American Contract 
Bridge League tried to bend to 
the popular will, but an all- 
too-rare victory for “player 
power” forced the retention of 
the traditional point-a-board. 

In the Reisinger this year 
four members of the newly 
crowned United States World 
Champions. MarteL Pender, 
Ross and Stansby edged out 
Rosencrantz, Wold, 
Meckstroth, Rod well, Bergen 
and Cohen by .11 of a boant 
Unluckily for them, the mini- 
mum margin required for 
vjcioiy is -25 of a board. So the 
result was deemed to be a tie. 
This would not have mattered 
except that the Reisinger is 
one of the four events which 
affords qualification for the 
American trials. Although it 
was after midnight, there had 
to be a 12-board play-off. 

The World Champions had 
the better of board o. 

Board-a- Match. North- 
South game. Dealer South. 

♦ A4 
V A4 
•5 108 

♦ AKO107S2 

♦ 6652 

0 054 

♦ 8843 



W E 

'♦ 0)1097 
0 AICJ87 

♦ - 

* K 3 

f KJ 10353 
? 632 

♦ J 9 


Stansby Bergen Martefl Cohen 





2NTJ2) 3jft(3) No 

Oponifig toad 42 

( 1 ) A weak two tM. 

(2) Postw rstoy. 

(3) Showing eftamonds and spates. 

Cohen appeared to be off 
to a wonderful start when he 
won the spade lead in band 
and successfully finessed the 
vj. A heart to the Ace felled; 
West’s Qfaeen, leaving only 
die small problem of return- 
ing to hand. Cohen tried a 
club, but Martel pounced on 
that and hurriedly cashed 
three rounds of diamonds for 
one down. 100 to Martel. 

This was the bidding at the 
other table; 

























fl] MuTO-cotourad 2 diamonds, usually a 
weak 2 tod n a major. 


Whatever Pender’s reasons 
for removing his partner’s 
five clubs to five brans, the 
sight- of dummy must have 
bran unnerving. In clubs. It 
tricks are sure. In hearts, as - 
we have seen,- even 10 tricks 
are in doubL 

Rodwdl, placing no esoter- 
ic significance ' on his 
partner’s double, started with 
the 04, Meckstroth won the 
OK and surprisingly, cashed 
the OA instead of frying to 
put his partner on play, to get 
his club ruff. Pender won the 
spade switch and played a 
heart to the Ace and a heart 
back to his King. 

Lucky? Perhaps a little,- but 
two inferences guided 
Pender's successful play of 
the trumps. 

East did not have enough 
high cards to justify fits . 
penalty double; therefore it * 
was lead directing to attract a 
dub lead. - J 

East could not have ’TQxx, 
otherwise he would have 
played a third . -round of 
diamonds, forcing dummy to 

Whatever luck the world ■ 
champions enjoyed, if. was ■ 
insufficient They lost the . 
play off. 7-5. 

Jeremy Flint ] 



k • Nik 

u, s - . 

K ‘ ». 
-, v 


Vital moves in the Varsity match 

The annual Varsity chess 
match, which was held on- 
March 8 at the Royal 
Automobile dub in Pall MalL 
was one of the best-contested 
matches I have seen in the 
entire course of the long 

It is most refreshing to see 
such youthful and skilled 
ardour in action. However, 
despite the number of good 
young masters that have 
always participated in the 
event, there is always a crop 
of blunders. I remember one 
match in which the Cam- 
bridge First Board allowed 
his opponent to fork his 
Queen and King with a 
Knight check. No doubt the 
tension of the moment is 

This time, however, there 
were no upsets or disastrous 
oversights and in the end the 
Oxford side defeated Cam- 
bridge by 5 *j WA. thereby 

adding to the list of victories 
Oxford have eqjoiyed of late. 
This is a reversal of the 
winning trend Cambridge 
used to enjoy in the days 
when they were represented 
by some of the country's 
leading masters such as H.E. 
Atkins, C. H. O’D Alexandra 
and P. S. Milner-Barry. 

By tradition the ladies play 
on the bottom board, but I 
thought this year they played 
in much improved style, 
possibly reflecting* the consid- 
erable improvement in Brit- 
ish women’s chess of recent 

Special prizes for the best 
effort in their team were 
awarded to Andrew Dyson 
(Cambridge) for his heroic, 
draw against James Howell, 
and to Kenneth Shovel (Ox- 
ford) for the following game 
against David Watts 
«, Whit f:. K Shovel; Blade D 
Watts, king s Indian Defence 

1 P4M N-KS3 

3 IM3Q3 m-m-. 

S M-B3 ii 0 

7 P-Q5 H-fB 




Here 1 prefer 7.. ^ 

ifgg S3 !, 

2 ™ S& n*** 





Up to here the game follows 
\ famous precedent — 
Kasparov's own notes to the 
game Kavalek-Kasparov. 
Bugojno 1982. The world- 
champion himself . recom- 
mended tiie superion 15 ' 
... N-Q6ch 16 K-Q2 RxB > 
IJNrifc B-NS 18 NxP NxKP 

White's pawn on Kfi npw ' 
exerts a horrific cramp bn ■’ 
Black’s development. • ■ . - / 



17 P-R3 

a iwm 

gM .Ml 
25 RxB N*J» 
37 R-ftTc* K*B 1 


1BCM33 *4(4 
28 own . MS 

22 ftxPch 1W 

240a# « 

2ft- H-nSefe K-K2 


Harry Golom!)ek , 

* ■ ■■ ■ -'T.vr. ~ 5*253^; 




- • - - — - - 

rucia! per 


■•■•.;.■ / .. . *.7 :;; .V. ..:v r i;: ,. >.t.\ :> 1# . rm 

VLLwfTV: ■. . £■.*.. >•' '''r'r.'.riv 

I*>, , • 

>'• vV' 'jj-.f -<1 

Victorian splendoun the greenhouses on the terrace 
The greenhotises at Hi* Rm. t™ . 

Sitting comfortably Is ownming a 
minor consideration when boring an 
upright chair. Modem chairs, are 
sculptures, technical experiments, 
flights of Gmqr. When “Can I sit on 
ft?” is an impertinence, “How long 
can I sit on itT becomes inriemt 
“A. chair is the most difficult piece 
of f prni tur e to design”, says Ron 
Carter, a distinguished furniture 

maker who has made chairs a 
speciality. “Because you walk round 
it the proportions most took, right 
from every angle, and whatever 
shape it is yon win never get two 
people to agree on its comfort” 

It is also d ifficu lt these days to get 
the customer to pay the price that a 

gOOd rfwrr fw»»Mnriii fnlmyhw 
new designs and cnmMMHnp^ Of 

I ne_ greenhouses at the Bir- 
mingham Botanical Gardens 
stand on the terracent the very 
heart of the gardens. Designed 
by the eminent Vktorianjohn 
Claudios Louden, the gardens 
were opened to subscribers- in 
1832 and remain one of the 
only Victorian Botanic Gar- 
dens in private hands* As well 
as an excellent plant- collec- 

tion, tbqr contain s garden for 
the disabled and a special play 
area for child ren . 

Michael Young 

The Bkminoham Botanical 
Gardens, Westboume Road, 
Edgbaston, Birmingham 
(021 454 1860). Open every 
day , 9am (lOam-on Sun) 
until dusk. 

materials cost for more than the 
finished object suggest* — hand 
craftsmanship takes a dispropor- 
tionate amount of Him* and *na« 
production re q uires a huge guaran- 
teed sale to justify the £500,000 or 
so that special tooling costs. 

There are two strong themes in 
modem chairs — the nostalgic, 
looking back to traditional shapes of 

the arts ami crafts movement and 
relying On natural materials, and the 
unexpected, including curved sheets 
of aluminium, three-legged seats in 
leather and plastic and chairs that 
look like stick insects or friendly 

conventional notion of what a chair 
should be, but anyone- who finds 
difficulty in seeing their possiUSties 
might consider the point made by 
American architect Philip Johnson; 
"If you like the look of the tiring you 
will find some way of sitting on ft”. 

Some of them need a s 
adjustment before they 

a slight mental 
ey fit into the 

Beiyl Downing 



m v 



m&M. W&- : 

7-s- .~y. ' . 

■at -Cf J&JSS 

i&tt. <1 





w m mMM 

of moisture 


Folding ‘cricket 1 chair with black steel frame 
and plastic seat in yellow, red, white or black. 
By Andres van Onck, £39 from Equinox, 64 
New Oxford Street, W1 

Wet ground can be made al- 
most as attractive as any other 
part of your garden as long^i 

you choose the right plants - 
and there, is plenty of choice. 

The skunk cabbage, 
Lysichilum americanum and 
Lysichnum camischntcence 
like wet conditions. The for- 
mer has yellow spathe-like 
flowers whihs the under , has 
white flowers. Both need rich 
soil and constant moisture, as 
does Caila pahtstris. the 
Marsh Marigold; which is 
decorated by rich yeUow flow- 
ers in the spring. 

Primula flarutdae raises its 
flowers On stems which under 
the right conditions— an add 
soil which is moist throughout 
the year — can grow to' four 
feet-v;. '■* *■ ' 1 
JLobelia fulgens. which has 
dsbfc red fonage and- rich 

its rich pink phraies. It can be 
invasive and -may need lifting 
and dividing regularly. 

The Day Lily, which flowers 
almost continuously through- 
out the summer, is a glorious 

C t and is very much at 
e in wet soils. 

Trollius ledebowi is another 
summer fiowerer which needs 
a rich wet sofl. Rodgersia 
pinnata likes a bit of shaA» as 
well as moisture. Its pink 
flowers, which appear in the 
summer, must be protected 
from cold winds. 

If yon have an open rite, 
consider Aruncus dioicus 
which produces attractive 
creamy white flowers in the 
summer and: vrifl grow to 
almost six feet. Astubes are 
ideal for these conditions and 
there are plenty of varieties 
and colours to choose from. 



fS-v k .. Hum. cuvlahj _ DhiKna 

V<& . i 

scarlet. ftowere./iikes damp.. ^Astilbe arendsii is the type 
ground but hates to be dm- -with named varieties to give 

siantiy m water. Filiperubda colours from white to deep 
n^raivnurtatikesamoistsofl . .red-.. . ' 

which does not dry out si dur- * ^ 

ing the summer it can produce - ASllley btepfedlSOn 

quered plywood steel and 
leather,£279 from Mary Fax 
Linton, 249 Fulham Road. Lon- 
don SW3 or at Liberty. 

ing the summer it can produce 

Italian masterpiece 

I have just returned from the 
Italian Flower Show, which 
ends tomorrow in Genoa. It 
was my first visit and I was 

neatly impressed — it was the 
finest flower show I have ever* 

finest flower show I have ever' 
seen. Lflce theGhent Floraties 
it takes place only every five 
years,’ and this show. Euroflo- 
ra 86, was the fifth time it has 
been organized. After seeing 
the quality of the exhibits and 
the overall design. Pm sure it 
has a long and bright future. 

There were more than 1,000 
exhibitors and it was attended 

by about 600.000 people. One 
of the main reasons for its 

of the main reasons for its 
success was that it was staged 
in three giani.balb. giving 
designers a chance to create 
sizeable and spectacular land- 

« 0*1 

My elderly Victoria Plum 
tree bears fruit well but at the 
ends eftne fold branches. 1 
would like to stop the tree 
spreading but ton afraid I 
i may lose the fruit 
It is almost impossible to 
keep plum trees small. The 
only way is to start when the 
trees arc young and reg nlarl y 
cut young branches. Prams 
should not be primed except 
during tb« tote summer, July 
: or August. Printing old wood 
I at any other time exposes the 

tree to attacks fix» a <bsMse 

palled Saver Leat Yon 
should allow your tree to 
grow until it is too big then 
either hard prune or remove 
entirely. f 

The main hall 160 metres 
acrass.-was laid out with two 
large pods and a system of 
paths at different levels which 
offered a series of changing 
perspectives. Large areas of 
grass helped create a cool and 
pleasant, ambience. 

Tons of soil had been 
brought in and all plants were 
in containers. Some trees were 
more than 30 feet high. A line 
of tree ferns when viewed 
from above formed a giant 
question mark. These 
Dickson ias were at least 15 
feet high and in ex c ellent 

One area was laid out as a 
tropical fores in which were 
planted a wide variety of 
carnivorous plants. An au- 
thentic, humid jungle atmo- 
sphere was created by jets of 
steam emerging from the 

A Japanese nurseryman dis- 
played a stand of Iris kaem- 
pfert The cut ' stems were 
pushed between a layer of 
bricks which kept them up- 
right ami the area beneath the 
bricks was water. The flowers 
were white, deep blue and pale 
blue in a delightful mixture — 
an outstanding exhibit. 

On show from an Italian 
nursery were a number of 
lemon trees pruned in the 
shape of a basket Frail and 
flowers were on the plants. 
Other plants among the thou- 
sands on show were many spe- 
cimens of Cycas revohita. 
Some were 12 feet high and 
hundreds of years old.” 

Above Mb Basic black - 
Zaus* slender mWmaaet chair 

In black steel and rubber by 
laurizio Parana* £158 at Ub- 

Maurizio PeregaMi, £159 at 

Lett Young chatenga - the 
Flux range made by HoaUneia 

' 0^ | 4 uWy 4 , y h 

Above: tratfition updated — 
Tan Kealy. who received a 
"setting up' gram from the 
Crafts Council this year, has 
produced a new handcrafted 
version of the ladder back with 
ash frame and woven willow 
seat £160 from him at 
Boundary Bam, Hare Lane,' 
Buck land St Mary. Chard, 
Somerset (0460 34272). 

Above left Triple decker ~ 
ash, speckled steel and 

combined in Richard 
Piazza chair, £103.03, made to 
order by Hostess Furniture, 
Vulcan Road, Bilston, West 
Midlands (0902 43681). 

Left Craft as art— not a 
copy but a modem chair in the 
style of the Arts & Crafts 
movement designed by Ron 
Carter and made by Peter 
Miles of Derbyshire, in stained 
at Liberty. 


Sarah Jane Checkland spies some unusual signed editions 


All literary hands on deck 

T he Stinger chair is 
a striking contemporary 

•ii im, :-aZ 

r i;TEj' rn 


Gnsii LINK-STAKES to support 
floppy -pfants. Sab utoreafealfle. 
Used byte National Tnis. 

RgE l£AH£T fam tWK^TAKES U± 
DeK-HTa Upper Boddngbn 
DsvBWy, NN11 6DL Td 0327 6E29 

SEH: Sritain's Advanced Garden Tractor 


• HtaBtxC J*mM*mv*J*&&* 

m Supw D<W« m Cootaatt 

• umqM PowWW»09 . 


for dcu-if ^ ™ coopor boio*- - or OT-OO* 
or ;C 4 nr-.) C^ 0 Lf>S c=<ie: 


How much do you think a first 
edition of Barbara CartlancTs 
Love At The Helm is worth, 
especially when signed “Love, 
Barbara Cartland” in pink 
ink? Not a lot, according to the 
book trade because she is so 
prolific and, frankly, not the 
greatest author of our time. 

But this is where the trade 
may be wrong. As Miss 
Cartland herself would say, 
it's love that's blind that reaps 
the best reward. 

And Love at the Helm is no 
run-of-the-mill romance: The 
book jacket implies steamfly 
that tl may contain material 
for biographers “The sea 
scenes and naval background 
owe their authority to the help 
and inspiration of Admiral of 
the Flea Earl Mounibatien of 
Burmah”. More importantly, 
it was signed and donated by. 
the author to the Royal Na- 
tional Lifeboat Institution, 
and -has a specially-designed 
frontispiece decorated with 
anchors and mermaids. 

The Barbara Cartland book 
is just cure of 240 (all but six . 
first editions) resulting from 
the biggest book-signing ses- 
sion ever. To raise funds for 
the RNLL volunteer Stephen 
Woods wrote 700 letters ask- 
ing for signed editions and he 
is putting them up for sale az 
Phillips. Leeds, on Thursday. 
Bidding will start at the retail 
price for each book 

Much has been written re- 
cently about the escalating 
prices for modem first edi- 
tions, which can often fetch 
£10,000. But the focus has 
been on established, some- 
times recently dead authors — 
Beqeman, Conrad, Graves. 
Now is the time 10 toke a 
gamble on books, if not hoi 
from the press, then at least 
still warm. 

First-edition collecting is 
about amassing as many 
favourable factors as possible: 
immaculate condition, pres- 
ence of dust jackets, inscrip- 
tions. The books in the RNU 
auction have all these quali- 
ties, and the RNU dedica- 
tions will count for something 
in years to come. One thing 

G*™ - * 

and Odn Plays 

the sale cannot guarantee.* 
however, is the lasting appeal 
of the books' contents, and 
this is where the collectors will 
have to trust iii taste.' 

Many books in the sale are 
by collected authors; Le 
Cant’s Little Drummer Girt, 
Laurence DurreU's Avignon 
Quartet Frederick Forsyth's 
The Fouri/i Protocol, and . An- 
thony Powell's Oh How the 1 
Wheel Becomes It. Some are 
of historical interest, such as 
Peter Levfs Grave Witness 
and Harold MacMillan's War 

A number are unmistakably 
glamorous. The Duke of Edin- 
burgh has broken the Royal 
Family ban on autographs to 
flourish his name on the 
opening page of Men, Ma- 
chines and Sacred Cema; there 
are four books written and 
signed by the Mitfoid sisters, 
Debo, Jessica and Diana. • 

X a striking contemporary 
design ; requiring no assembly 
screws or fittings it simply 
folds out into position. * 

T he ‘Stinger’ arrives folded 
flat but may be trans- 

X flat but may be trans- 
formed into a comfortable 
chair in minutes. It consists of 
a white or grey tubular steel 
frame coated with epoxy 
resin, which is covered by a 
quitted fobric sling with ted on 
one side and white on the 
reverse filled with polyester 
fibre. The chair measures 27" 
X 27" X 27" and. is made, in 
GreatBritain. ...... 

T he ‘Stinger’ chair is 
ideally suited to a variety 
of locations -either in the 
lounge or bedroom or outside 
in the garden; \feiy comfort- 
able and relaxing to sit in, its 
folding action allows it to be 
stored or carried easily when 
not in use. . . 

Pries -£4455 

Tipped by the trade are a 

dutch of comedy writers, so 
far under-rated by collectors 
but likely to appreciate soon. 
Alan Ayckbourn is here in 
conversation with Ian Wat- 
son; Alan Bennett has im- 
proved his inscription to 40 
Years On with a quick, scrib- 
bled self-portrait. Be warned, 
however, that Michael Frayn's 
Close Constructions is not a 
freshly-wriuen force but a 
piece of philosophy. 

Meanwhile. Stephen 
Woods, a senior derk at Leeds 
Magistrates’ Court has plans 
to produce another collectible. 
“I've had such fascinating 
correspondence with them alL 

JPlay pern Aha Deau ctf s gift to 
toe RNU beak sale 

The RNU book sale teat 
PMUps, Leeds (0532448011) 
onThurs: some modem 
first editions will be available at 
Bloomsbury Book Auctions 
<01-633 2636) on May 15; 

Sotoebys General Book 
Sale (01-493 8080) June 

16080) June 10. 

i’s South 

Please allow up to 21 days for delivery from 
receipt of order. The price includes V.A.T. 
and postage. . 

Money is refundable on all goods without question. 

Orders and enquiries should be sent to: 


Tel: Cmyford 5 3316 for enquiries only " 


ttm^togton (01-581 7611) on 

Modem first Eldons: That 
Value to electors, by Jose) 
CormoBy. ra pubfahed by 
Orbteat£15. ■ . . 

I've managed to get a publish- 
er interested.” If he does print' 
a book, he ought to have at 
least 240 guaranteed buyers — 
all those who buy the books 
for sale, on Thursday. 

Please send me chains) with while frame 

@£44.95 each 

Please send me chairf si wiih grey frame 

@ £44.95 car-fa .. ’ ~ . ' 

I enclose ebeqne/pasol aider tori. ....... made 

payable to The Times Slinger Chair Offtt 

Or debit my Access/Visa No ....... 


Expiiydate ! 

Send io: The Times Singer Chair Offer. 

Bourne Road, Bexley, Kent DAS IBL. 



QvCadSSftttEaqaaacelr fc* 




tartar 21 JuM*7.3Qp<n 
tatuMMrt n Oranm: *nw HaawJes 


tasa E45a ee nsaasa na» 


Antral at iheOcaa of Sbetu 
ZadakOw Pnesl: 

Sand an Ea Msm'Wt 
muQ ca^es bon 

S«i^ ^re^^n^3*«rfcw 
Qffiff C850. C93Q POSO 

BOOK TODAY! 01 638 8891 628 8795 E 

BOOK TODAY! 01 638 8891/628 8795 E 



fDr?:* *o *on:cn a sox ’• 

0*- T7 3 j : * i C*! ulT CA*I5 0 > <?a*EOC F*I! 

:*vcc ?4o 7:oo :tk* r*«: 

Open at doy with free oxtiintaons and lunchtane music Coffee Shon Buffet. Bon and Rnanade Cafe. 

Jazz gnsups every Fn/Sot/Sun evenings. Enioy the mognfcent views of Big Ben aid fafanwi from our ifwnide waits. 

ROYAL i : LS']'I\AL HALl. 


r 1 


■■■> Barbican Centre. Silk St, EC2Y 8DS 

VM1» 01-638 8891 ( 628 8795 

Telephone Bookings; 10am-8pm 7 days a week 

t- • rst : - i-j.r: .-'JV j--.~- •••«• • 

It Ifey K.jnci Am Minay im woi M L le Jtumt sot P»*Je 

7 JO pm DufWK jwr. wm ChcvuIm Oatxany l* “antra Oe S*«- 

Sebniran b,rro*»>rac Pijtjwra-. KeecWn LU BaraUt-Log. 

(j £3^ u rs (h trja taw taso tn »*»"•« Lw 

TUESDAY NEXT 6 MAY at 7.30 pm 





.-^141^. SYMPHONY NCW 


is. n. is. £«. w. t s ja / w «. Hail 01 as ji«h cc. 01-9 * bum 


into H p* | liyil imnii'ii n.rtii m w ww irtnn ntnetrei wwm nmifii 
7.46 pm J.WWami Kfl4ot JonnSctoKorgsm waruOv CdraaLBaeh. HMM, 
T i mimu naHjuto 

£330. W50. EE.E7 ca London Bacti OTCiwstra LSI 

ES2EB1SE m3 



Principal Conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli 

■■Mar PnudMitonto to moracOttfton Manmertno idnmor mkm 
I JO pm tonBiw ci Mb Cancenoci ro» Jj«S lEmpemn 

iatniBtiU Ymee. Norn#’ McC*"" 


Royal Festival Hall celebrates 
A.'?' 35 years of music — 3 May 
ItU • Ring 928 3002 

ze momors STftssr win sdf 




DOMUS— ISoptw H. 
,UtW Summer Ctowa (Wpraj PipimH. Ht tow ra ■ Piano OuorMt Op ?S BaraoteDuro vnoaMom Uuac Worto Prranvw ana alter 
ttunjintol iranutum 
ti4'aasa£25o a 

iweatieaan DmMYd ftom toe 
tnn»ctvjni try Travor Ptonock. Smtoy Homing CMIee Conceit 
W—ft Smfcjraa m a Flure Conceno m G Coneerm t«» Om tnd 
atswon.nG Conceto vjrFVm ana votaif Antoni. HwdakCtotctoto 
GtrawsoOp 3 No 4dU%mc.p<ogaMlieecottoe.siwtyasowBli 
atm oeitonnanoa 

ball piano 

. Ewwxto hoot ai nan*-. Sonatina secooda. Fanrasa oortraopun- 

730 pm Irituica. PM toaian Oary. Cnamtar-Fantuy on Beet s Carmen 
lT^oaM£J50j C3 SO £230 £2 

SUNDAY 18th MAY at 7.30 


Waltz from "Sleeping Beauty. Suite from "Swan Lake. 
Piano Concerto No I, Nutcracker Suite 


tAM.U 50.1S.50. IT 00. 19 50, 19 M. r 10.50 from Hail K* 3 19 1 9288800 


Friday 9 May 7.45 pm |L__j| 
Queen Elizabeth Hall 

City of London Sinfonia 

The Westminster Singers 
conducted by Richard Hickox 
mtfaAadrcwVVaiM pane. Garfic Id Jectoon, Carol wcAvIm on. SMpbrti Varroc 

MOZART Sinfonia Concerrante 
FAURE Requiem 

Sec panel for detart? 

SpMBand by Schroder Financial Management Lid. 




onli MICHAEL DL'SSEK piano 
Fur lull iktaiK see South Bank pud 

St John's Smith Square 

London SWiP 5HA Director: i^ul Divie, 

Ros Qil'ici: 01-22Z ILIttI Mon-Fri Ujm-npm 
•.ind fro mtj pm a! each concert 


conducted by 


Royal Festival Hall 

Thursday next 8 May at 730 


Debussy: Prelude a rapres-mkU d'un faune 
Ravel; Sheherazade 
Boulez: Ritoel 

Ravel: Trois Ptoemes de Stephane. MaUarme 
Debussy: Iberia 

Sunday 11 May at 7.30 


Ravefc L'Evenoil de Jeanne 
Satie; parade 

Duparc Songs with Orchestra 
Debussy: Le Majtyre de Saint-Sebastien 
KoechUn: Lcs Bandar-Log 
Raveb La Valse 

Thursday 15 May at 730 


Raveb Alborada del gradoso 
Poulenc: Concerto for 2 Pianos 
Debussy: Jeux 

Raveb L'Enfant et les Sortileges 


T*i*fc £k £J Tr. LI. TS, LK £7JS, /^SO, £9.50, £1 1 
AvaUMe tram fUU i01-02m 3191) CC <OI-9J$88QOi & ag mis 

► j ^i i ii^y.i ii' ij« r 1 1 1 i. j y y^ i < i |' < } i i# t j 


tl May Leonard O pmB em ny sms of Bage. serpat and opera The prog 
730pn> mo BvcarpistTOm- v*est S^Sifry'. 'CantWle'. "Vuctoocilui 

Town, thi tne TctorY. 1600 Pironsytviimd Aronuo' ana ’Botar Pan' 
eaS0,C750. CS. CA SO arty - 

**Ni*«WE HALL nxUUTa>UTM:.Nf 


Oatanter «B Nun— Umd FHcad Untartor 


VnjrtMlrw Um Bidnrd RodDn Be— u Ft>« V — an Lo— 

UlB.iI-f Lnn nil ; B— H I . V vlCi 4»r V/rap ■ M ml . Prf f l i ijonr Ifa cn m 
HibIw. V w i to lii Ik r\ I to mm. 

tl VMIO.tZVU^JInra IknliKur ■ L'lq .K.'UllAan. 


SUNDAY 8th JUNE at 7.30 


JOHANN STHAL'SS Or. Die Flederroe u& Aunea Mfe 'Adrle's 
Laughing Song' firutl Fledermau*. Champaette ftilkj. Mccrunc 
Paper? Waltz. Punnu Pnlka. RiuJeukv March, Thunder & 
Lightning ftjlka. Ptrpcluura Mobile. Whiplash FhUta. Blue Danube 
Wall* LEftAH Jetnseht'iliw Mar ch. ’Vil ia' from The Merrv 
Widow. •Qn My L ips from Giudlita ZIEHREB The Scale Som; 
OSCAB STRAUS *My Hero 1 from thaChncnlata Soldier 
ZELLER 'Don't he Cross* from Der Obrratdgnr 
StlPPE Oinnure Momimt, Noon and Night 

Introduced and conducted by BARRY WORDSWORTH 

I3JiOi!i.50£6J0 £7 30 £8 SO from Half S»6212'589»I65 
Tickelmaaiercctilaihi incSun»i379t>433 


The Anglo- Austrian Music Society prcwxus 




Conductor/Soio Violin: ERICH BINDER 

Leader — Vienna Philharmonic, Conductor — 
Vienna State Opera. First London Appearance 

I'- 1 1 ^ l* *0- to hi t7.«. LI 9U !■» 50 Kd iUI J«l I|9|i CC iUI-931 88OO1 







I tyBI BKihmcn . .. SYMPHONY NOJ IfeROKA) 



VL tSW.iT. Ui S'. *1. t U)SU Hjfl 1)1-13 )|4| L-C 01-13 m»10 

Royal Festival Hall Fridays 9 and 16 May at 7.30pm 


Directed from die Keyboard in two evenings 
9 May Nos 2, 1 and 4 ^ 

16 May No’s 3 and 5 


MO IOM/I9I1 Mon-Bto 

1 rUm.Hixn 



SwM WQMd hr W UW 6 BANK 
TOO pronwwMM pUcm mu m 
Ualb hnal jt £J oar ncJbaMra 
PCTf. Sorrv no ctwooro 'VCT«ht 


Tmuoiii at 7 ootun 


CQUEBUM S BM 3101 CC 300 

Wee T oo Dl 

MHttS NCJLS Jf7H 8910 
- . Laiz IVH Toni tsso 
gyUml R to — ■ A Dmm 

I BUI T JonM.-Amfe ZaaeA G« 
Mav S h> tot 

IbiM A TBton prandly preaenz two London debm concerts 
Thursday 29 May at 7.30 pm 


-An mt nm iro il phenoarnon" 

Duixm: Fran Bi imeo 
tub tw BadkScliRdt, RanuaiLc' Braudes- 
■nd Mnmrt Symphony Jio 41 (Jurnr i 

Monday 2 June at 7.30 pm 


Moxtaan cf the Ymr 1*W iHgaro tup™- tndt the 


Frofnmioe i nr fnV*. Saiot^dini Sol V«Un Conocm. 
QtoBwoa Tocmc', M wmi ‘MetaatHn dc Tlue>' 

TKlutotor hoth tMOicfS £J 50 to £] 1 00 fnwt TldnEtzucr 01- t 
' Moo-S* ftun. Sun ij noat^Spmte inedB cndbnkinp. 

Director/ Soloist 


(Dresden Union ) 0 K»B0>-92R'319[ oc 01-928 8800 

MONDAY 26th MAY at 7.3D 


PMC ram w to include.- BOSStXI Overture William Tbfl; VE2DI Chnrut <rf 
the HHiraw Stow- from Nabecco. Grand Ctanufram AHb. Anvil thtiruo 
fimnll Trocatorr. BIZET Surtv from ( armrat: MASCAGNI Inumteroj from 
Cavalleria Runt tuna. MEYEBBEE8 Corrawtirai Mzirh fro® L« PnaihetC' 
ARIAS A cnuai SES fm*n Li Boh etna liwoni SdlKxhl.MdSJC FI UU). 
LEliur daman. Madam Bunorflv and La Dwtabi 
Fanfare TnnapetOn lrivh Gsurdt. Joha Bate Chelr 
l J j*). t.4 50 . l 5 Su.i? 00. iKSO.jf M. tin 30 From HjII 
nusniPi K^aanodiilvine tfurxfevi.' 

Wednesday 7 May 7.45pm Barbican Hall 


BELTHOV EN.; S\ mphom No S in F 

PRO KOFIEV Vmiin O <ncenu Nt* I 

STRAVINSKY _ .The Rite uf Spring 


ALAIN LOMBARD ciimlucior • 


.ScuiPtkchLIO. £ 

Btirhhti/i CiYi/rr in.i\Mn iutnm n ith Hnr.<lJ fii-h Lit/ 

BtnOliiceTel: I(J-Rr%ciy«Ln inti. SunUl-ftW S795 



Barbican Centre. Silk St. EC2Y 8DS 
01-633 8891/ 626 8795 
Telephone Bookings; lOam-Spm 7 days a week 

Onntfl iL'<~Zc£ 4 rc r Ccfpc-r^lrOr o! I** C >1 < Of I0rv?o o' 

Friday 23 May 7.45pm Barbican Hall 

A concert with (be recorder virtuoso 


ptl-tfJPIIIK liKltnlv* 

TELEMANN. Sunc m A minor lur revordemnd '•ahc'lrj 

VIVALDI .... Recorder Conccmi m C RvJJ : 

ELGAR. . . •htwdULlimijndAlfcymhtr String 

MOZART Sj mphitiy Ni*2*J m A K3» 



Scat Prices E*J. IF. ft. £6. Ls 

B**vOtfKcTv+ liUicivn dav uui Sim 01 MRJiSWI 


at the BARBICAN 



n«». Inc Raaalal: WDfinm IfcB Or, The Barber of 
Scvillr IrtsodfktMiiiB. VoAHaboGcaChorovof 
| |TU thr Htbreto Shm, DoaCartw FiMMhtep Duct, Q 

■ fd Dmisn Antd Cham, Akta Grand Mart. Cdem 

1 kV rtl Auto. Barotfin; Prince Ignr MaTOian Dataa; Bure 

THfiy Par! fhlmi Doa. Ctnwi Hlbrtm, Hnaor bom. 

Scgtnifila. Ennaocc and Stmg of the ToKrtgr 


SANDRA BROWNE man npram 

Vjnrar e T mnnnwn from tto fend nf tt— Vfehli fimnl. 

SUNDAY H MAY at 7J8 pa 



Mrttfdartim OV. THE HEBRIDES 



||VVJ Ractmtonhura..... .. PIANO CONCERTO NOJ 



Bn CUB* itJiasM 8J9V: Onto CathilJlai® 8S9n 
JOIN OCR FKEE MAHJNG LXST. tSrtc to Rarmond Gubtosv Ld. 
125 TbBdt fag ti CowrKoad, Loxlnn W1 or ft*me0t-W7 208J 



at the BARBICAN — Wednesdays at One 

7 .May 

with KEN NETH ESSEX viola 

MOZART QUINTETS in G minor and C minor 

See |and far father decafe 


MENDELSSOHN: Overture, Calm 
Sea and Prosperous voyage 
BRAHMS: Piano Concerto No. 2 
DVORAK: Symphony No. 8 
LEON BOTSTEIN conducts the 
TODD CROW pianist 

.£3, £K £5. ifi. £7, iR50 OI-63B 8891.9l-«8 8795 
Jalm HfebnR mscrnaDoad Aithn Led 



CHO-LiANG UN violin 
Stravinsky: Dumbarton Oaks 
Mozart: Violin Concerto No 5 
Soint-SaSns: Havanaise 
Mendelssohn: Symphony No.1 in C minor 
Tidacn; ,£5199, ff, 50. £k50 

Tetef^wn r boofc mg ^. Jl-ft3BB891/6J8 879> i lOam-^pia aid. Suniuyii 

KJbB in tUMoOaxion with tka NSO 

VfC 1 TONIGHTat 7.45 


Istrodueed and oondnrtMl fe> ANTONY HOPKINS 

“Gree ial ewos ': GRIEG Piano Concarto: STRAUBS Blua Onnube Wahz; 
TCHAIE09SKY Cappricdo Itohen; -MASCAGNI In ta rm aiM 'CmiLkrta 
RusUeana': BORODIN Fbtorannn Dances 

Saturday. 10 May 7.45pm Barbican Hail 


WEBER Overture ’Oberon 

MENDELSSOHN — Violin Concerto 

ELGAR The Music Makers 

FELICITY PALMER mezzo- soprano 


Seat Prices £1030. £8.50. £7.50. £6. £430. £3 50 
Box Office Tel. 10-8 every day inc. Sun 01 -65SS89 1/628 8795 

29 A priLLl May at the Barbican 





Tomorrow 4 May 7 JO pm 

STRAVINSKY S^5j\mgkd Banner 

BLTT ZSTE IN The Air burne' Symphony 

BERNSTEIN Candide Suite 

Terence Stamp nirrunv .Mark Tinkler. Damon Evans 

Na n ChriM ie. Joyce Cast le 

David filler. Bona ven i ura Boitone 

The Richard Hickox Singers 

John Mauceri Conductor 

£8.50 £7.50 £6 £4.50 £3.50 all others sold 

Taesday6May 7.45pro 
In the presence ofHMThe Queen and 
. HRH The D uke of Edinburgh 
BERNSTEIN Chichester Psalms Serenade: Age of Anxiety. 
Krystian Zimerman PuwGidon Kremer Violin 
Aled J ones BinSo/inr>t£» London Symphony Chorus 
Leonard Bernstein Ctmduniyr 
Goto Concert m aid of the LSO That 
Pncrt include champagne fr ocmapn 
£100 £50 £25 only 

Leonard Bern item's appearance at the London concert 
on ike 6th May i* made potable by Ebel, The ArrlufaUi 
of Tune, in celebration of their 75th amuzenary 

Thurs day 8 M ay 7.45 pm 

BERNSTEIN A Musical Toast 

IV ES The U tunswered Question 

BRTTTENFtrar Seajnterludes from Peter Grimes 

BERNSTEIN Sy mphonic Dances from 'Xesr Side Storv 


John Mauceri Conductor 

£8.50 £7.50 £b nnlv; all others sold 

Friday 9 May 7.45 pm 

Program me as ford May Leonard Bernstein Can J tutor 
A few returns waitable 

£5. 16. 17 JO. U» Ml 19 60 from Hall 6388891 SS8 STVAduly ipc tnimtovs 





HKiWiiiiii JUL 

vmnon june »nutp by FUM auarr 

■ SB TO: BUM. M ^0. C1 J D0 tpgn 

mi ^o to^to g ro g j ^ TggT l CKET C O JTH6 to towc aanm 

« taEd « w h&&>rtmTlwmaoW»^»fWaMTto B iw9i aM atoy*aWt AV 

. Uto Quaraa Bock Stog- Y to tom M n Sanacta a Hour Coatos 19 OOarn naaiBrt " 

Royal Opera House 

Marilyn Horne 


Martin Katz 
. piano 

Tuesday 6 May at 8.00pm 

‘-.. slill knocks. most of the *veal conqNthiea around into the 
dust" The Guardian 

“peerless com maud of RomM's style... an over* heimhtg 
la trashy of emotion" otnemr 
“llnie baa dimmed aehlicr her technical bravura nor her 
bnrnbtied tone’* Financial Theses 

Programme includes works by Vivakft. Handel, ^ 
Roshal, Mahler, Barber, Respighi, Vercfl, Tostiand 


ftwrwtihms 01-240 10^1911 Aicce«/VT»/ Warn Club 


AUKinr oi bm ssto cc sto 
gBoSOC 37* etoSS Group p to g 
836 3963. tar U WMu m9 




Aiatnr 01 asn jarra c c sty 
bOoB CC *7V «to*S. 701 9999. 
OrpPoUtrUO 6133/836 S9tO- 
Eia 7 IB. seto go a 7. SO 

- Ttltfto Toot* auar o-winwe r 


’EJJtanewwnt A Omiagnto'T O 

TbROi h S0NC 

' n "* ,JLU “^ 

(RMierd WOBS mays TOnaWM 
Saturday manwewi 

C uiitja a cd an page 35 

52 > 


Poor boy who 
found black 
was bountiful 

v " \iti» 

on a secret 

jf. v 

i U.\ 

siH \ : 

■* 5f?V 
! ^ ' )V 

I last saw James Bond a few 
days before his death last 
summer. As usual I took down 
a bottle of the Widow and 
wheeled him along the front 
from Hove where he lived in 
that infinitely depressing 
£ home the Firm runs for its 
” distressed pensioners. 

He was very frail and — 
characteristically — kept com- 
plaining about the food. He 
was an insufferable food snoh, 
forever banging on about the 
six best meals of his life, 
though his palate had hem 
ruined by a lifetime of tiga- 
rettes and over-iced spirits. In 
real life he couldn’t tell 
kedonia from quabogs. 

It was then, garing -out to 
sea, tartan rug tucked around 
him, still weanling that Old 
Etonian tie. to which, of 
course, he wasn't entitled, that 
he -first told me about the 
affair with Guy Burgess. 

. : I had suspected something 
* -of the sort ever since -he had 
first introduced himself tome . 
in the Warner Stand gents at 
Lord's cricket ground and like . 
everyone (with the a p p are nt 
exception of John Peaisonf .I. 
had always known about uie ' i 

Jamas Bond — The 


Pearson (Grafton, £2.95) 

true relationship with TVT. 
(Fleming was always dropping 
hole hints in the books — 
’Jhin" smiles, references to 
- Bonds medicals and what 
good shape he was in — but 
Pearson seems not to have 

We were discussing Sir Rog- 
er Hollis and whether he was 
one of ours or theirs at the 
. time when Bond suddenly 
said: “Most marriages don’t 
add two peopte together. They 
subtract one from the other.** I 
recognized the aphorism natu- 
rally. Diamonds are Forem ; 
page 182. I’d always thought it 
pretty meaningless. “It was 
Guy who told me that”. Bond 
continued. “Guy was a very 
human being, not a bit Idee 
everyone says now.” There 
was a quaver m bis voice and 
when I glanced across at him I 
saw that he was crying. 

There is none of this in Mb' 
Pearson’s book, which? was 
first published in 1973 when 
Bond was -stm successfully 

maintaining the preposterous 
myth that he was a marfin 
heterosexual. There is all the 
usual nonsense about 
“Burglar” Brmton’s illegiti- 
mate half sister being respon- 
sible for getting him sacked 
from school (h was “Burglar” 
himself who was to blame) 
and about the affair with 
Marthe de Brandt (actually a 
Bulgarian drag queen called 

Pearson also .documents 
. Bond’s one known heterosex'- 
nal liaison (with Tiffany Case) 
and quotes her letter with its 
crucial admission: “When we 
first met yon told me that yon 
were married to a man called 
M". She adds: “I think I know 
now what yon meant". 

Unaccountably, Pearson, a 
normally perceptive writer, 
seems not to grasp the signifi- 
cance of this. Even more 
seriously, he Ms to address 
the question of whose side 
Commander Bond was really 
on. That day on the front at 
Brijgiton Bond as good as told 
me he didn’t know himself. % 

. I believed him. 



Goodness knows what they 
-will make of it in his native 
Russia, bat the tributes wfil 

soon be flowing elsewhere for 

the poor cantor’s son from 
Lithuania who tailed hiinwjf 
without a trace of modesty, 
“die greatest entertainer the 
world has ever seen”. 

A stage-struck boy deter- 
mined to escape the ghetto. 

. the then Asa Joelson joined 
his family in the United Stales 
when he was eight and 
his first public ap pearance at 
12 singing in a restaurant for a 
cup of coffee. He blacked his 
face, sang with a minstrel 
troupe and eased himself into 
a firing of Broadway hits that 
took mm to feme and fortun e . 

By now he called himself A1 
Jolso n and he could still, in hws 
sixties, be voted America’s 
most popular singer ahead of 
Bmg Crosby, Perry Como and 
the emerging Frank Sinatra. 
Whe n he died, the fights were 
turned off and the traffic 
stopped on Broadway. 

To mark the 100th anniver- 
sary of his birth, there is a 
| season of Jolson films on 
C h annel 4, and tomorrow’s 
edition of The South Bank 
Show (TTV, 1030-1 1.40pm) is 
devoted to a profile which 
goes some way towards bal- 
ancing the anodyne portrait of 
die movie biographies. The 
Jolson Story sod Jolson Sings 
Again. .. 

Jolson wanted to be first 

A lady in 
love with 
the blues 


and best. Insanely jealous of 
competition, he once bad a 
troupe of acrobats fired for 
stopping a show that was 
supposed to be his. He was a 
womanizer, but his most pas- 
sionate affair was with his 
work. He abandoned his new 
bride Ruby Keeler for four 
boars on their wedding night 
to sing to the local fire man. 

Though happiest as a stage 
performer, he left a historic 
mark cm the movies, not least 
for uttering foe first words in 
the first talking picture. The 
Jazz Singer was followed by 
The Singing Fool, which 
spawned in “Sonny Boy” the 
first million-selling record. 
And, when, just after the 
Second World War, his career 
seemed to be over it was 
spectacularly revived by The 
Jolson Story. 

Characteristically, Jolson 
wanted io play the part him- 
self box he was nearly 60 and 
the studio hit on an inspired 
compromise. Jolson would 
provide the voice, still as rich 
as ever, and an unknown 3- 
movie player, Larry Parks, 
would be his flesh and blood 
The Jolson Story is showing 
today (10. 5 5 pm- 1.20am) and , 
Jolson Sings Again on Tues- i 
day (9-1 0.50pm). 

There are also five films 
from the 1930s: Wonder Bar 
(Mon, 3.I5-4.45pmX Swanee i 
River (Tues, 2J5-4.30pm), i 
HaOelqjah Fm a Bom (Wed, 1 

2.30- 4pro), Mammy (Thurs, j 

2.30- 4pm) and Go Into Your ] 
Dance (Thurs, 5-6.40pm). 

Peter Waymark j 

The greatest: AJ Jolson in Hallelujah I'm a Bum 


Witness For the 
Prosecution (19571: Charles 
Laughton ana Manene 
Dietrich taking a powerful tilt at 
Agatha Christie (BBC2, 
today, 2-3. 50pm). 

Diamonds Are Forever 
(1971): •James Bond/Sean 
Connery versus 
international diamond 
smugglers (JTV, tomorrow, 

7. 45-9745 pm). 

Twelve O’clock High 
(1949): Gregory Peck as the 
martinet commander of a 
Second World War bomber 
squadron (Channel 4, 
tomorrow, 10.1 5pm-1 2.40am). 
The Sound of Music (1955); 
Jufie Andrews, cute kids, 
postcard locations and 

indeflbte Rodgers and ' 
HammersteJn songs (BBC1 . 
Mon. 2^5-5. 10pm)T 
My Briffiant Career (1979): 
Judy Davis as the ambitious 
farm girt In the first of a 
strong Australian season 
(BBC2, Tues, 9-1 0.40pm). 
Whisky Galore! (1948): 
Delightfully sharp-edged Baling 
comedy, pitting Hebridean 
islanders against the customs 
man (BBC2, Wed, 

6-7-20pm). • 

High Plains Drifter (1972): 
Moody, mystical Western with 
Clint Eastwood as director 
and star (ITV. Wed. 9.10-10, 
10.35-1 1.40pm). 

-Riot in Cud Block 11 (1954); 
Pacay, low budget prison 
drama which helped to - 
make director Don Siegel into 
a cult figure (BBC2, FrC 
12.05-1 ,30am).. . .... 

rock of 
ages past 


Negotiations with MTV, the 
24-hour US cable television 
station which transmits non- 
stop reck videos, to take over a 
four-hour slot on BBC1 floun- 
dered over copyright complica- 
tions. Instead, Video Jukebox 
(Fri, 9-30pm-2am), presented 
by John Peel and John Wal- 
ters, combines a history of foe 
pop video and a state-of-the- 
art documentary. 

While demonstrating the 
increasing cross-fertilization 
of rock, television and cinema, 
Video Jukebox mercifully 
lacks the seamless, hypnoti- 
cally mindless nature of MTV 
— music to veg out on. 

What a Way to Run a 
Revolution (Channel 4, Wed, 
lOpm-midnight), a well-inten- 
tioned song-and-dance routine 
about foe abortive 1926 gener- 
al strike, is awash with empty 
rhetoric of foe trade union 
movement and accusations of 
betrayal against careerist La- 
bour Party leaders. A hymn of 
praise to the honest but ex- 
ploited worker in the doth cap, 
it is not so modi agit-prop as 
agitated pop. 

Several classes up, in every 
sense, is foe second delightful 
series of Mapp and Lucia 
(Channel 4, tonight, 9-lOpm), 
another faithful adaptation 
from the immaculately con- 
ceived, beautifully mannered 
and exquisitely bitchy Tilling 
novels of E. F. Benson, featur- 
ing Geraldine McEwan, Pru- 
nella Scales and Nigel 

Bob William s 

Ik-- \ 


Margery AHingham’s The 
Fashion in Shrouds (Dent, 
£3.95) comes off best in 'this 
random batch. Good writing 
and real people. Neither seem 
to have been thought neces- 
sary in most detective fiction 
of forty-odd years ago, and 
readers just reading for the 
puzzle probably don't mind, 
or even notice. 

1 She is funny without being 
facetious, and her haute cou- 
ture prop-set suspects (no jets 
in 1938) have true character 
rather than foe usual stock 
quirks. Whereas other investi- 
gators keep saying “Humph” 
(or, if Scottish, “Mphm”), you 
'never know what her Albert 
Campion is going to say — 
which isn’t much, but his 
relaxed presence is always fell. 
Her puzzle is good too. She 
makes you want to know who 
dun it, and somehow keeps 
her rompfexities simple. 

The figures in the rural 
landscape depicted in Cyril 
Hare’s Death is no Sportsman 
(Faber, £3.95) are classically 
familiar: wicked squire (who 
I ’yets dun), four genlemen. 

* from Lunnon who take 
“puns” at their beer and 
'■'demolish” excellent repasts 
fc at the Polworthy Anns, Jolly 
’ doctor, doddery Rector (who 
. didn’t dun it), assorted l a die s 
of varying virtue, excited (ton- 
stables with traditicraaJshin- 
-ing red feces, and the pipe- 
■ smoking man from foe Yard 
; . always on the verge of reveal- 
ing his solution to the local 

in blood 

Super but thwarted, with the 
reader, when the door is 
suddenly flung open to some 
startling announcement 

I am being a bit hard. For 
mere puzzle-solvers this is 
prime staff of its kind, and I 
bet they don't solve it Tortu- 
ous isn’t the word. But the 
dialogue is often too unspeak- 
able to believe anyone ever 
spoke it 

The Chief Constable con- 
gratulates the corpse’s widow, 
tinder courteous interroga- 
tion, on being dashed plucky. 
People say “Tck, tck*\ They 
murmur. They ejacul a te They 
“have difficulty”, at rare hu- 

morous moments, “in con- 
trolling their features”. 

None of this is as distracting 
as some of the “Sapper” 
writing. Admittedly the collec- 
tion of H.G McNeile’s Best 
Short Stories (Dent, £3.50) is 
of an even earlier vintage. Not 
all are about 'Bulldog Drum- 
mond, his most famous, and 
at die time generally admired, 
creation, who not only strikes 
me, at this perhaps unfair 
remove, as a violent cad who 
likes nothing better than to 
■knock other people’s teeth out, 
and earns no marks for his 
ponderous levity of speech 
(“If that is true I will consume 
my headgear”), but outstand- 
ingly exemplifies the En glish - 
man one would most dread to 
be seen with as a feUow-Brit 

However, McNeile’s plots 
. are not short of ingenuity and 
good surprises, more digest- 
ible in their snack-sizes than 
those excellent - extended, 
anyway— repasts we are asked 
to demolish elsewhere. 

Nicholas Blake, who was G 
Day Lewis, deveriy suppress- 
es all hints of a future Poet 
Laureateship in his Head of a 
Traveller (Dent, £L50), with 
down-to-earth romps ami d 
rape, mad dwarfs, and blood- 
stained nntckintqshes. 

Intellectuals in this field 
always seem to me a little 
patronizing. But perhaps that 
is patronizing of me. Puzzlers 
will be puzzled all the same. 

John Wain has worn the 
badges of port, novelist and 
- critic, and even Angry Young 
Man, bid Is only uecctSHHu] 
pfaywrigltt" So It Is* bdhDy 
surprising to see his name as 
the author at the Monday 
Flay, Good Morning Blues 
(Radio 4, 8J5-9.45jmi). 

What is not smprisina, 
given that k is one of Wain’s 
passion, is that setting should 
be traditional jazz. Warn is not 
only a jazz buff who knows his 
Beiderbeckes from his Bechets 
but has also been known to 
sing foe Hues with a combo 
called the Grouch End All 

The singer In Good Morn- 
ing Blues, however, is played 

Marcel Berlins uncovers the dark secrets of a master 

The Lite of 
by Frank M 



. • H Raymond Chandler’s Eft was 
• a constant disappointment to 
'him. He wanted to live in 
j England but landed up u» 
tr California, which he disliked. 
; He would have liked to have 
been a serious novelist but 
became instead a writer of 
pulp fiction, albeit the best of 
them. Sensitive and with pre- 
tensions to being an intellectu- 
al, he was forced to mix with 
foe crass and the crude. 
f . He was m his mid-forties 
1 when be first started writing 
short detective srories, and 
over 50 when his first. novel. 
The Big Sleep , was published. 

, ;• Chandler’s marriage “ 
Cissy, nearly 20 years his 
senior, iwu^thimanwasme 
of emotional 

■ loved her deeply ami her death 

was devas t a ti ng- But ti« nmr-- 
* nW was also respwwT** ror 
. '* Ms increasing social sob™? 
/ and chronic loneliness. Cissy’s 
recurring illnesses and 
Chandler’s growing embar- 
. ' “ rassment about ha 1 age made 
foe couple reclusive and 
^inhospitable. . 

•t . He »ho craved fo r mi rth-. 
7gent gregarious conversation 

A lonely 
life of 

with fellow creators spent 
most of his evenings alone 
with his whisky bottle. It was - 
during those snail depressing 
hours that he wrote the long, 
honest, intimate fetters that 
have provided MadShane with 
much of his material. 

MacShane also interviewed 
many of Chandler's friends 
and acquaintances - from the' 
last five. years of his life , when, ' 
freed by Cissy’s death, he 

spent much of his time in 
England and, for a while, 
underwent a curious period of 
social and emotional rejuve- 
nation. It. did not last long. 
The loneliness returned and 
his alcoholism worsened. He 
died in 1959 aged 71. 

Frank MacShane has writ- 
ten a biography of rare under- 
standing. - He • describes 
convincingly Chandler’s sexu- 
al torments, his tnaggermed j 
Anglophilism, his brashes 
with Hollywood, his constant 
need for recognition as some- 
thing more than a mere writer 
of superior detective fiction, 
and his descent into solitude, 
bitterness and anguish. 

He is especially interesting 
in his analysis of the relation- 
ship between the author and 
his most illustrious creation, 
Philip Marlowe. 

But there is one exasperat- 
ing omission. Legend has it 
that Chandler himself thought 
Philip Marlowe could best be 
portrayed on the screen % 
Cary Grant. If true, h is an 
interesting and surprising in- 
sight into Chandler’s view of 
his own character. MacShane 
doesn’t refer to the- story,' 
though be does say that Chan- 
:dler liked Humphrey Bogart’s - 
performance in The BigSleep. 

Lady (Radio 3, Tues, 9.50-10- 
25pm) Is foe British premiere 
of a Short play by Arthur 
Miller. A treatise on foe 
nature of love and loss, it is set 
fit a boutique where a man 
(Sam Warn ing her) is looking 
for a present for Ids young 
mistress who b dying of 
cancer. Carroll Baker plays 
foe proprietress, who helps to 
make Ids choice. 

The stray of two Hollywood 
stars who settled here ■nd 
were responsible for one of 
radio’s fiisi situation comedies 
Is told in Bebe and Ben (Radio 
4, today, 4-445pmX Ben Lyon, 
as he never ceased to remind 
Us audiences, made bifa mark 
in foe. Howard Hashes film, 
HeWs Angels, while Bebe Dan- 
ieb sang and danced her way 
through screen musicab fike 
Rio JUta and 42nd Street, 

They, married, and stayed 
married, and c am e to Britain 
and during foe Second World 
War teamed up with another 
emigre, foe Austrian-born Vic 

Oliver, for a raucous radio 
comedy. Hi Gangl. But they 
became best known for Ufa 
With the Lyons, an amfohiA 
family sitcom n which they 
were joined by their children, 
Barbara and Richard. The 
programme » presented by 
that arch liostaiglst, Hubert 
Gregg, who knew Bebe and 
Ben personally. 

Followers of radio drama 
may have come across James 
Fairfax without realizing that 
it b foe pea name of Judge 
James .. Pickles, a familiar 
figure on the northern rircuii. 


• W, A 

Bainbridge takes to the road for 
Forever England, a six-part series 
in which she explores the north-side 
divide. She starts in Hastings and 
also visits Barnsley, the Border 
Country and her native Liverpool 
BBC2, Wednesday, 8.20-9pm. 


plays an ex-con in Mona Lisa, a 
mixture of thriller, comedy and 
love story and the first Hm by the 
Irish director, Neil Jordan, since A 
Company of Wolves. It is an official 
British entry at the Cannes FUm 
Festival, which opens on Thursday. 

Duncan, as depicted In a lithograph 
by Van Dongen which is induced 
in Ihe exhlbnton “Artists in the 
Theatre". Also an show are Ballet 
Russe designs by Picasso. F$gQ and 
Hawkes, 30 Trafalgar Street 
Brighton (0243 60831 0) from today. 


WAR GAMES; Timothy Mo uses 
his birthplace, Hong Kong, as the 
setting for 'An Insular Possession 
(Chattoarid Wind us, £9.95), an 
historical novel which explores 
theconflictir^ mores of Americans 
and Europeans In the Far East 
during the Optom Wars of the 1830s. 


IN CHARGE: Dorothy Tuthtpiays 
the mysterious Miss Madrigal 
governess of a Sussex manor 
noise, in a revival of Enid Bagnold's 
comedy. The Chalk Garden, which 
also stars Google Withers. 
Chichester Festival Theatre (0242 
572573) from Wednesday. . 




1 1 (4 1 1 II] 




CHESS: The new musical by 
Trm Rice, Benny Andersson 
and Bjorn Ulvaeus. directed by 
Trevor Nunn. 

Prince Edward Theatre 
(01-734 8951). Previews from 
Mon. Opens May 14. 

premiere of a Trevor Griffiths 
play about young American 
radicals committed to Third 
World revolution. 

The Pit, Barbican 
(01-6288795/638 8891). 

Today. Mon-Thurs, May 13. 14. 
Press night May 15. 


Broadway musical comedy by 
Jerry Herman and Harvey 
■Berstein. George Hearn and 
Denis QuiDey, directed by 
Arthur Laurents. 

.Palladium (01-4377373). 
Previews today, Mon, Tues. 
Opens Wed. 

Anton Lesser, Juliet 
Stevenson, Clive Menison, 
Alun Armstrong, directed by 
Howard Davies. 

Barbican (01-628 8795/ 

638 8891). Previews today, 
matinee and evening, Mon. 
Opens T ues. In repertory. 


Dowling's famously camp 
Dublin production of Gilbert 
and Sullivan waives the rules 
with Paul Bentley. Alan Devlin 
and John Kavanagh. 

Old Vic (01-928 7616). 

ORPHANS: Albert Finney, 

Kevin Anderson and Jess 
Fahey grace an ordinary 
American psycho-drama with 
cracking performances. 

ApoDO (01-437 2663). 

THE GAMBLER: Mel Smith and 
Bob Goody lead a razor-sharp 
musical excursion into the sub 
culture of compulsive 

Hampstead (01-722 9301). 


CAMBRIDGE: The Play's the 
Thing: P.G. Wodehouse's 
adaptation of a comedy by 
Ferenc Molnar. Directed by Bill 
Pryde. Touring production. 

Arts (0223 352 001). Opens 

Regional premiere of the 

Michael Hastings play about 
T.S. Eliot and his first wife. 
Everyman (0242 572 573). 



CLUE (PQ* The film of the 
board game, gleefully written 
and directed by Jonathan 
Lynn, with Tim Curry as the 
master of ceremonies who 
rounds up a Gothic mansion 
full of suspects. 

ABC Shaftesbury Avenue 
(01-836 6279). From Fti 

Thoughtful, attractive low- 
budget drama with Jamie Lee 
Curtis hi excellent form as the 
other woman - 
Cannon Tottenham Court 
Road (01-636 6148), Cannon 
Panton Street (01-930 0631). 


ZINA 05* Zina is Trotsky's 
daughter - hauntingly played 
by tfomiziana Giordano. 
Austere, striking British 
independent feature, directed 
by Ken McMLdten. 

Gate NottingHlH (01-221 0220), 
Metro (01-437 0757). 

(15* Inventive, truly bizarre 
comedy from Steve Martin and 
(firector Carl Reiner, parodying 
mad scientist movies. 

ICA Cinema (01-930 3647). 


Merchant-ivory version of early 
E.M. Forster novel offers the 
expected virtues and vices: 
elegance, civility, 

Curzon Mayfair (01-499 3737). 



The Leonard Bernstein 
Festival continues with 
John Mauceri conducting the 
LSO In Stravinsky's The 
Star-Spangled Banner 
arrangement BHtzsteln’s 
“Airborne" Symphony and 
Bernstein's own Candida 

Barbican Centre, SHk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795, credit cards 01 -638 
8891). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 

Tennstedt conducts the LPOin 
Richard Strauss's Le 
Bourgeois CentHhommg Suite, 
then Jessye Norman Joins 
in for songs and the Closing 
Scene from Salome. 



tru MONTH 



TEL: 439 4805 SEP. PEKPS:215 MS MS | 

. _ _ nsmriurinvr; I TanWfttaaOTt 

jHasroumaarzna gSugSgSyl.1 pwxsub«07jh 







Royal Festival Hall, South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 
3191 , credit cards 01 -928 
8800). Tomorrow, 730pm. 
GROVES/RPO: Sir Charles 
Groves conducts the RPO in 
Wagner's Tarmhauser 
Overture, and EBsabeth 
Soderstrtim Is heard in 
Mahler's Symphony No 4 and 
the Closing Scene from 
Strauss's Caprkxao. 

Royal Festival Hall. Tues, 


Simon Rattle's “Apres I'Apres- 
Mtdj" series with the 
Philharmonia Orchestra 
Includes Debussy's Prelude 
a fApres-Midi dun Fauna, 
Ravel's Shahrimzade and 
Trots Podmes deMaUarmO 
(Maria Ewing, mezzo), and 
Debussy's Iberia. 

Royal Festival HaH. Thurs, 



photographer Tom Evans's 
slice of Camden life, 
pictured at a party to celebrate 
20 years of the Camden 
Arts Centre. 

Camden Arts Centra, 

Arkwright Road, London NW3 
(01-435 2643* 

BEACH HEADS: Brighton 
day trippers observed in colour 
by Martin Parr, who has a 
sharp eye for life's 

The FfotogaMery, 31 
Charles Sheet. Cardiff (0222 



a remarkable group of three 
18th-century painters, William, 
George and John Smith of 

Pan ant House Gallery, 9 North 
Paflart, Chichester, West 
Sussex (0243 774557). From 

cotoured horse racing prints 
from the collection of Lord 
Henry Seymour. 

Arthur Ackermann & Son, 3 
Old Bond Street, London W1 
(01-493 3288* From Wed. 

totteJteniNai^ Machkl in 
Spanish artist's first one-man 
show in England. 

Marlborough Fme Art. 6 
Albemarle Street London W1 
(01-629 5161* From Fri. 

JANOS KASS: Prints, including 
an avant-garde version of 
'Bluebeard's Castle" by one 
of Hungary's most successful 
living artists. 

FitzwiUlam Museum, 
Trumrxnaton Street 


From Tues. 



Tonight Wed and May 10 at 
7pm, revival of John 
Schlesinger's enchanting 
production of Offenbach s 
Les contes ef Hoffmann. 
Covert Garden, London 
WC2 (01 -240 1066* 

OPERA: Busoni's Dr Faust 

On Wed and May 10 at 7.30pm 
a revival of Die Hedermaiss; 
and on Fri (7.30pm) Smetana's 
fofc-opera 77» Bartered 

Coliseum, St Martin's Lane, 
London, WC2 (01-836 3161* 


Matinee at 2.15pm today and 
May 10 of John Cox's new 
production of The Marriage of 
Figaro Theatre Royal, 
Glasgow. (041-331 1234). 

OPERA: Summer season 
opens at Cardiff on Tues 
(7.15pm)with a new production 
of The Barber of Sevd/e by 
Giles HavergaL 
New Theatre, Cardiff (0222 


PAUL BRADY: Gifted Irish 
singer-songwriter, on the brink 
of deserved fame. 

Street Theatre, Hull (0482 
224800* Wed to Sat May 10, 
Shaw Theatre, 100 Euston 
Road. London NW1 (01-388 

FESTIVAL: A month-long 
Brighton affair features In Its 
first week Bob water's tribute 
to Benny Goodman (T ues) and 
the Clark Terry All-Stars 

Tues, King and QueenJ0273 
607207* Thurs, Hove Town 
Hail (0273 775400) 

Chicago saxophonist who 
brings traditional values to 
bear on recent developments. 
Mon to Sat May 10. Ronnie 
Scott' 8 Club, 47 Frith Street. 
London W1 (01-439 0747) - 


SEASON: Rosalind Newman 
and dancers give a final 
performance at Sadler’s Weils 
tonight FoBowing them 
(Tues-Sat) are the company of 
BiU T. Jones and Arnie 

Sadler's Wells (01-278 . 

century painters such as 
Picasso, Matisse and Schna- 
bel, who have turned to sculp- 
ture to work through their 

Whitechapel Art Gallery, White- 
chapel High Street London El 

CO MPANY : New works 
performed (Tues and Sat) 
by this Israeli group. 

The Place, 17 Duke's Road, 
London WC1 (01-387 0Q31* 

THEATRE: A month's tart 
starts at Cardiff tomorrow, 
fottowed by two raghts at the 
Brighton Festival then 
Warwick (Thurs and Sat* 
Sherman Theatre, Cardiff; 
Gardner Arts Centre, Brighton 
(0273 674357* Warwick 
University Arts Centre (0203 



FESTIVAL: Postal booking 
opens this week. The 
theme is music in 16th and 
17th-century Italy and 
England. July 4-13. 

Festival Office, 1 Museum 
Street York (0904-58338* 
OF MUSIC: Musac from 


* ken McMullen j r * » « , n g 




M E T, R O 

America’s West Coast is this, 
year's theme. July 5-20. 

Box Office, Town Hafl. 

Imperial Square. Cheltenham, 
GlOS (0242-523690). 

THE RING: Postal booking 
open for complete Wagner 
cycle by Welsh National 
Opera. Sept 25-Oct 2- 
Royai Opera House, Covent 
Garden, London WC2- . 


HISTORY: Ends Mon. Finishing 
tomorrow, prints and • 
drawings by Turner, Mirer, and 
Otto Dix. 

British Museum, Montague 
Place, London WC1 
(01-6361555* . 

times, telephone the 
numbers listed. Theatre 
Tony Patrick and Martin 
Cropper; Concerts: Max 
Harrison; Films: Geoff 
Brown; Photography: 
Michael Young; 
Galleries: Sarah Jane 
Checkland; Opera: 
Hilary Finch; Rock <& . 
Jazz: Richard Williams; 
Dance: John Perdral; 
Bookings: Ante / 


S he was nicknamed the 
grandmother of die 
French new wave cine- 
ma when she was only 
30. She was the figurehead of 
the French women's move- 
ment in the -1970s. Now aged 
58, Agnes Varda. — a self- 
confessed “fringe film -mak er 
radically outside the system" 
— is, despite herself on die 
verge of commercial success 
with her latest work 

The film — Sons toil ni loi in 
French, her. first mqjor work 
for 10 years — is .due for 
release in Britain following her 
recent deal with- Channel 4. . 
The story of a vagrant teenage 
girl who dies of cold in a 
Provence ditch hardly sounds 
like lair big-screen competi- 
tion for the latest Jean-Paul . 
Belmondo extravaganza. Bat 
Vapabonde. made on a . shoe- ; 
string budget of 7 miffion 
francs (including a- subsidy 
from the French government, 
which also gave Varda tire' 
L&gion dTtonneur) has already 
drawn a million French 

Bleak, photographically 

beautiful and, as always with 
Varda, extremely moving, the 
film won the Golden Lion best 
film award at the. Venice 
festival last autumn. It also 
earned 18-year-old Sandrine 
Bonnaire, who {days Mona the 
runaway, the 1986 French . 
Cesar award as actress .of die 

AgnAs Varda works from - 
her home -in a quiet market 
street near Montparnasse. The 
frontage, painted in a re- 
strained mauve, gives on to a . 
corridor cluttered' with cans of - 
film and a courtyard where 
she has her office. Next door is 
the. studio for editing and, 
when that is foil, technicians 
ose the kitchen: 

When “we met, Agtes Varda 
was wearing a very 1960s 
smock and coping with a 
barrage of phone rails. She 
aim nmvnininl with 

finishing the German subtitles 
for Vagabondevnd organizing ' 
brief visits- to Madrid and 
London. - 

*Trn .fed up. with travelling, 
I've seen the whole worldLMy 
dream is to be abfee writ in a 
room which, has just been ; 
freshly painted white and just 
beabte to thmk’Vshesays. 

Agnfes Varda, the 
. alternative voice 
ofFrench cinema, 
gets a taste of 
. box-office success 

Film-making, shefiays, con- 
sists of only.- a few hours' 
inspiration -but "then, a few 
months of filming and a few 
• months of editing followed by 
endless, struggles with techni- 
cal problems, promotion Work 
and debts; : 

. .. Bom in Belgium of a Greek 
fitter and French mother and 
rinsed in .the. S6te Heraufr 
region, where.'. Vagabonds was 
- made, Agnps woricedfor three 
. yeSrsas a photircrdptaerbefbre 
making., ter- .fet .film 1 La 
Pothfe Court* -id 1954. She 
said it was **£ bomb ofnon- 
cohfonnity" four years before 
the Ftench -new -wave cinema 
got underway., 

“I only ever worked^acco rd- 
ing to my owh inspiratkm. AU 
of us in the new- wave have 
distinct -personalities arid ex- 
press' ourselves "differently. 
Some went' oh to make com- 
mercial films -tike Truffaut 
Others like Resnais were very 
ambitious*. .People like 
Godard and me had difficult 
careers becaiise ; we produced 
radically different cinema. 
Godard never-' compromises. 
Occasionally he has a huge 
success. • But: diir criteria are 
not whether well have a lot of 
people. We are artists", she 
’says. ' ' 

AgnCs Varda's last reaffufl- 
lehgth film was On* Sings, 
The Other Doesn't about the 
struggle of two young women 
for soda! indepen d e nc e ^ It 
was 'made in 1976 at a time., 
when the -women's movement 
and feminism were much* in 
the. news-., in". France. 
Vagabonde, is a.-fer bleaker 
film but she:sayv neither her 
tvicir-.imiriulM in filming nor 

to; feminism have reaDy 
chained- . 

; “Vagabonde ii about revolt, 
filthiness andbomclcssTeople 
.—. not .darling, subjects; for. 
production: companies* 1 . • 
--The ruiteway in . 

Vagabond* : tefemWes the . 
rnmnebaraetcrin CleoFjom- 
Five she - made ' 

L? >_■; » 1 v ' -A'/.l fTTi 

Mayfie they were intelligent 
enough, to savour their 

Nicholas Powell 

Rossefl Square, form 
Bloomsbury ( 01 - 837 - 
and Mriema^Oi- 2 ^. 
from Friday. 

in 1961; feminism, die be- 
lieves, is a question of fashion. 
“Fashion varies and it is less 
chk nowadays to be feminist, 
especially for men. But the 
revolution is like the French 
Revolution, you can't go back. 
The decolonization of women, 
like the decolonization of 
countries, has been done. You 
can't go back to colonialism. 

“De Beauvoir proved with 
The Second Sex that biology is 
not fete. Young women today 
have a freedom of choice. 
They can choose to look like 
dolls if they think it's fun. 
They have the choice which 
women did nor before;” 
Agri6s Varda filmed 
Vaxobonde in the winter of 
1984/85, Europe’s coldest sea- 
son for years. She spoke to 
hitchhikers and spent horns in 
railway stations and police 
overnight ^ ^ shelters talking to 
runaway teenagers to create 
Mona mid her band of vagrant 

A gn& struck . np an 
with them. “I 
wouldn't say we be- 
came friends: The huge differ- 
ence between us was not age 
but a ‘possession gap'. I had a 
watch; a car, they hadn't. But 
when they meet someone who 
has nothing, there is instant 
understanding.. They ex- 
ebange the addresses of squats 
-and overnight shelters like 
other people exchange the 
names of good restaurants." 

She found filming whiia- 
ratirig despite ■ the ap palling 
weather. "It was freezingcold. 
Wet and we hada whale of a 
time. I hate listening to fellow 
film-makers talking about 
their constant anxieties. I'm 
fell of happiness; it’s crazy 
how people don't want to be 
happy nowadays. 

“Jhanks to television and 
radio it looks like big screen 

should be even happier! We’re 
like the last aristocrats : — - 



Publishing coup it may have 
been, tut executives at 
Weidenfeld's will be dismayed 
to hear there is a deeper and 
far more revealing correspon- 
dence from the Duke of 
Windsor waiting in the wings. 

letters from the Prince of 
Wales to his long-standing , 
mistress. Mis Freda Dudley #. 
Ward, are stiD in the posses- 
sion after family, and though 
the Wards remained almost 
obsessively secretive about 
them during the duke and 
duchess's lifetime, they may 
well feel that history would 
benefit from their being pub- 
lished now. 

Freda Dudley Wand, the 
wife of WiBiam Dudley Ward, 
.the Southampton Liberal MP 
and Vice Chamberlain of the 
Household, enjoyed a 16-year 
liaison with the Prince of 
Wales from the did of the 
First World War. It was a 
crucial period of his develop- 
ment and the correspondence 
is likely to rive major clues as -if 
to why te finally went off the 
rails. This relationship, too, 
was no less passionate than 
that with Mrs Simpson but it 
has the considerable advan- 
tage of not having been sub- 
jeoed to media overkilL 


Who produced Chariots of 
Fird! .Why, GokkresL of 
course. No. cries an outraged 
Jack Weiner of Allied Stars — 
we did. Allied who. you may 
well ask, which is what makes 
Weiner tear but his hair. 
Flying off to America this 
wed: to raise funds for a new 
Ben Kingsley film. The Last 
Butterfly. Weiner told me that 
his company pul up half the 
S6.S minion it took to make 
Britain's Oscar-wiener. Twen- 
tieth Century Fox put up the 
other - half “No one from 
Goldcrest likes to point out 
they only put up £25,000 
development money, which 
they got back", says Weiner. 

• A distorting new trend, 
started by Lord Ofirier, is 
proliferating in the West 
End theatre. Though Olivier 
is billed equally with Cliff 
Richard in the musical Tune, 
his performance is 
restricted tea nightly re-run 
of a film dip. Now Ray 
Barnett, the iron-voiced 
Australian actor, is doing 
the same in the new 
production of Sons of Cain 1‘- 

at Wyndham's, via a video 
machine. Live theatre - or 

Silver to gold? 

Recently Arts Diary revealed 
that veteran film director 
David Lean was, at 78. to 
direct a new movie. Now I can 
reveal the sufgect Joseph 
Conrad's novel Nostromo. 
about the corruption which 

Lean and Spielberg 

silver has on a South Ameri- 
can community. Lean is con- 
cluding negotiations with 
Steven Spielberg, who will 
produce the film. The end 
product is sure to be Oscar 
maierial — satisfying for Lean 
and essentia] for Spielberg, 
whose last great work, The 
Color Purple, fell fiat at the 
Oscar awards. 

Back on song 

Followers of Steve Win wood, 
one of this country's most 
gifted rock musicians, will be 
relieved to hear the fed is still 
alive. There have- been few 
sightings of him since his 1982 
album Talking Back to the 
Night but at last there has been 
a new bum of activity. He;has 
jun delivered tapes of a^new 
album, Back mtheWgh life, 
due. for release this summer. 


ct *m of 

ses out 
1 c °urt 

•- *• ,f JT 

r-*., <8 




on-Sea this morning. 

Haying been received by Her 
Majesty s Lord-Lieutenant for 
ps«c (Admiral Sir Andrew 
Lewis), Her Royal Highness 
visited Nazareth House. Lon- 
don Road (Officer in Charge, 
Reverend Mother Hilary), and 
opened the reconstructed West 


Princess Anne, Mrs Marie 
Phillips then drove to Southend 




May 2: Commandant S-P. Swal- 
low today had the honour of 
oeing received by Queen Eliza- 
beth The Queen Mother. Coin- 
man dam-in-Chief^ Women’s 
Royal Naval Service, upon 
relinquishing her appointment 
as Director. 

Commandant M.H. Fletcher 
also had the honour of being 
teceived by Her Majesty upon 

assuming her appointment as 
Director, Women’s Royal Naval 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother this afternoon visited 
Leighton ' House Museum. 

Lady Angdd Oswald and Sir 

Work as the message of faith 

“Nine oat of ten practising could rightly and properly 
Christians fed that man’s offer it to God. 

- -Ur 
. ■ s 

' :• ,,j ns 

........ “On; 

’ . l: '* Sir 

Pier, was received by the Mayor ,, Lad >' Angrid Oswald and Sir 
of Southend-on-Sea (Councillor Marl,n GiJliat were in 
Philip Herbert), and named a ““eodance. 
train "‘Sir John Betjeman”. — 

Afterwards, Her Royal High- 
ness visited the Lifeboat Station *fbe Queen will visit Stoke-on- 
and. baying been received by Trent on May 8 to open die 
the Chairman of the Southend National Garden Festival and 

Branch of the Royal National die Beth Johnson Housing 
Lifeboat Institution (Mr C. Association Sheltered Housing 
Morehouse), named the Scheme. 

Institution’s new Lifeboat p.-.. •* 

“Percy Garon II”. Pnncess Anne, Otancdlor of 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark wfll visit 

Phillips was later entertained at Ec<M1 “ n “ 

luncheon by the Mayor. Jf 5 “5 Science on May 

This afternoon Her Rnval 8 %ter will attend the 
Highness opened Abbeyfidd Ar- °f die Chief 

cher House, a newhome for the Oubat the Savoy 

elderty, at Laindon Road, ™ leL 
BiMeritty. Essex. The Queen win ei U eri ai q rtie 

Tte Princess Anne, Mrs Marie President of Portugal and Se- 
. attended by Mrs Mai- nboia Soares at luncbeon at 
colm Wallace. travelled in an Windsor Castle on May 12 and, 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight. later,- will attend a reception 

9^“ ."S5 rcpreseofid given by the Portuguese Ambas- 
by Mr Richard Thornton (Her sador in honour ofthe president 
Majesty’s Lord-Lie otenan t for at 11 Belgrave Square, SW1, to 
Sunny) at the Funeral of Sir celebrate the 600th Anniversary 
Michael CressweU (formerly ofthe Treaty of Windsor. . 

Her Majesty’s Ambassador _ 

SS’TCl A memorial service for Mr R.L. 

which was held in the Church of 

work is always at the level of a 
spiritual encumbrance”, wrote 
Teilhard de Chardin in Le 
Milieu Drain in 1957. 

Those words opened my 
eyes to a truth which I had not 
previously recognized. I saw 
how many of my friends who 
were Christians did, in fact, 
feel that their work, especially 
if in industry or comm erce, 
prevented them from being 
first-class Christians. 

The majority have vaguely 
felt that, as Christians, they 
ought to be doing something 
better, something mine social- 
ly valuable. 

Their view of their Chris- 
tian service at work has always 
fallen into three areas. They 
have felt required to be honest 
and fair in all their dealings, to 
be considerate and kind in 
their relationships with other 
people, and they have felt it 
proper to be willing to speak 
about their faith when called 
upon to do so. 

The “encumbrance’’ factor 
has, in my experience, mainly 
applied to those who work in 
industry and commerce. 
“Don't tell me that I do work 
of any social value”, a Chris- 
tian Midlands businessman 
told me. “I only make 

The fifth Sunday after 
Easier is Rogation Sunday and 
the three days Following it are 
Rogation days. This ts the 
season, when in the words of 
the Alternative Service Book, 
“prayer is offered for God’s 
blessing on the fruits of the 
earth and the labours of men”. 

It is demonstrably dear that 
the “fruits of the earth”, that is 
all the things we eat and wear 
and use every day, are pro- 
duced only by the labours of 
people. They are brought to 
where they are required to 
meet human need through 
transport and a vast range of 
other industrial and commer- 
cial activities. Human surviv- 

task of making, or selling, or 
managing, or financially con- 
trolling, has always been left 
out. Their faith has seemed to 

_ _ them as applicable to the 

8 and "later win" attend the circumstances in which they 
annual dinner of the Chief work but not to the actual 
Constables Club at the Savoy work itself 
H°teL Now this has not been true 

The Queen win entertain die of ^ose who were doctors, 
President of Portugal and Se- nurses, teachers, social work- 
nbora Soares at luncheon at ers or even soldiers and civil 
Windsor Castle on May 12 and, servants. Those doing that 
later,- will attend a reception type of work have feft mat the 
given by the Portuguese Ambas- work itself was part of their 

Chmfcm service and that .bey 

celebrate the 600th Anniversary 
of the Treaty of Windsor. 

The actual work itsdf the aland human betterment rests 

on those basic creative 

Surely Christians should see 
the vital necessity for ttae 
fulfilment of these tasks? But 
Christian understanding 
should go beyond the concept 
of necessity. Christians see 
God himself as a worker in 
Genesis, Chapter 2; and the 
duty of man, made in the 
image of God, is to tin the 
earth and care for ft. 

Work itself basic industrial 
work, is not a curse but a 
blessing. Sin affects the whole 

human condition and there- 
fore permeates all hu man 
activities but it is not concen- 
trated in what we call work. 

The significance of the work 
which Jesus did as an artisan 
should illuminate all similar 
work for Christians. The in- 
carnate Son of God worked as 
a carpenter and in doing so 
endowed all human produc- 
tive work with dignity. He 
works as his Father works in 
his on-going creation as Mas- 
ter Craftsman of the Universe. 

The two great command- 
ments take us further in this 
reflection on work. Thou sbzit 
love the Lord thy God but, 
secondly and co-equally, thou 
Shalt love they neighbour as 
thy self 

AH the leaching of Jesus on 
the love of one's neighbour is 
couched in practical and ma- 
terial terms. In terms of 
feeding the hungry, clothing 
the naked, getting fresh water 
to those who need it, healing 
the sick, and all that cannot be 
done except by human indus- 
trial endeavour. 

No one can eat or wear or 
use that which has not been 
produced by their own or by 
someone rise’s industry. 

Yet Christian understand- 

tacts. the product of human 
work through innumerable 
separate industrial and com- 
mercial activities. 

Before Christians can par- 
ticipate in Holy Communion 
that bread and wine has to lx 
brought to the altar and before 
that can happen, that bread 
and wine have to be produced 
by human work. Without that 
work there can be no Holy 

Human industrial work is a 
prerequisite for human com- 
munion with God in the most 
sacred act of Christian wor- 
ship. Without that work and 
without the offering of the 
fruits of that work we cannot 
receive the Body and Blood of 

The writer of Ecclesiasticus 
(Chapter 38) grudgingly ad- 
mits that, while those who 
work in industry cannot be 
wise, they nevertheless “main- 
tain the fabric of this world”. 
Christian realism. Christian 
down-to-earthness goes much 
further than that. 

As Jesus institutes Holy 
Communion at the Last Sup- 
per he demonstrates that God 
shall be worshipped on earth 
until the end of time through 
the elements of bread and 


Leading international 
rally driver 

ing goes beyond the image of wine, those products and sym- 
God as a worker and the bols of human industry. 

.L. I r. ■ r . ■ .. « 

recognition of the need for 
human work in order to 
relieve - human poverty. At the 
centre of all Christian worship 
of God is the Holy Commu- 
nion when we bring to the 
altar bread and wine. Bread 
and wine are human manufac- 
tured products, human arti- 

. Human work, especially hu- 
man work in industry, so far 
from being a spiritual encum- 
brance becomes, from that 
moment, a spiritual necessity. 

Kenneth Adams 

Chairman. Industrial 

Christian Fellowship 

Henri Toivonen. the Finn- 
ish international rally driver, 
was killed with his navigatin', 
Seigio Cresto, in an accident 
during the Tour de Corse, 
yesterday. He was 29. 

Although stifl young by 
World Championship stan- 
dards. Toivonen was generally 
accepted as one of the most 
capable drivers in the world, 
and had already recorded 
several major victories includ- 
ing two wins in the British 
Lombard-RAC International 

He was born in Jyvaskyla. 
Finland, the son of Pauli 
Toivonen, who was himself a 
famous rally driver (his wins 
included victory in the Monte 
Carlo Rally of 1 966), so it was 
almost inevitable that he 
would start to drive in compe- 
titions from an early age. 

By the time he was 19 he 
was competing in World 
Championship rallies. His 
first notable result being fifth 
in the Finnish 1,000 Lakes 
event in 1977. 

By 1980. when he was still 
only 24 years old, he bad 
become an established mem- 
ber of the British Talbot team 
and became the youngest-ever 
winner of the Lombard-RAC 
event of that year. 

After finishing seventh in 
the World Championship for 
drivers in 1981, he moved on 
to drive for OpeL but by 1984 

he had contracts both with 
Lancia, and with Porsche. His 
1984 season was spoiled by a 
rallying accident in Greece, 
without which he would have 
certainly have won the Euro- 
pean Championship. 

In 1985, driving only for 
Lancia his rallying found a 
new maturity, and at the end 
of the season he brought the 
untried Lancia Delta S4 to the 
British Isles, to win the Lom- 
bard-RAC Rally for the sec- 
ond time. 

Two months later he also 
won the Monte Carlo Rally for 
Lancia and it seemed likely 
that he would have become 
World Champion in the near 

He leaves a widow, Eija, 
and two infant children. ■ 

University news 

dy is found • EiSS 
basement * SI ^ and St ^ 

Forthcoming marriages 

ift killer is 
ied for life 

nn> star 
nk lutiid 

■v brit 


M G.T. Chevalier 
and Miss &C Browne 
The engagement is announced 
between Gerard Jacques Che- 
valier, of 75 Harrington Gar- 
dens. son ofMme Paine Retiune 
Lesage. of Paris, and Sarah 
Caroline, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Jeremy Browne,' of 
Blandford, Dorset. 

Mr PJL Carman 
and Miss RX. Crickmar 
The engagement is announced 
between Peter John, only son of 
Lieutenant-Colonel and Mrs 
P.F. Garman, of Fleet. Hamp- 
shire, and Rachael Etizabeth, 
only daughter of Mr and Mis 
LW. Crickmar. of South 
Benfleet, Essex. . _ • 

Mr TS. George 
and Mbs LjC Arnold 
The engagement is announced 
between Terence Stephen, son 
of Mr and Mrs D.W. George,' of 
Sudbury. Suffolk, and Louise 
Catherine, daughter of Dr and 
Mrs Richard Arnold; of 
Hermance, Geneva. . 

Mr D J. Jones 
and Miss M. Mffiar 
The engagement is announced 
between David, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs LET. Jones, of 
Hurst Green, Surrey, and Mau- 
reen. younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs G. MBtor, of Kirkcud- 
bright, Scotland. 

Mr D R. Kettle 
and Mrs PAL Wyfc* 

The engagement is announced 
between Desmond Reginald, 
younger son of the late Mr and 
Mrs Gladstone Kettle, of Corfe 
Mullen. Dorset, and Patricia 
Mary, elder daughter of the late 
Mr r-M. Davies, of Coventry, 
and the late Mrs MJ. Davies, of 

Mr J.M. Kinder 
and Miss S-A. Khrkup 
The engigemem is announced 
between John Marnnean, son of 
Mr and Mrs C.H- Kinder, of 
Chislehum, and Susan Alison, 
elder daughter of Mrs AJ. 
Kirkup and the late Flight 
Lieutenant DJ. Kirkup, of 

MrGJ. Marram 
and Miss ML Jarembski 
The engagement is announced 
between John, eldest son of Mr 
and Mrs AR. Morcons, of 
Camber ley, Surrey, and Maria, 
elder daughter of Mr and Mrs 
M. Jarembski, of Crawley. 

Mr LB. Other 
and Miss JJ. Wright 
The engagement is announced 
between Ian, son of Mr and Mis 
R.T. Oliver, of Doncaster, 

Yorkshire, and Joanna Jane, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs PJ. 

Wright, of -Snowshill, 


Mr MJ). Sangster . 
and Miss SuM. Taylor 

The engagement is announced J „ _ 

between Mark, younger son of I Professor Donald Winch: 

Mr and Mrs James Sangster, of 
Hatfield, Yorkshire, and Su- 
zanne. elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs John Taylor, of Hatfield, 

Mr M. Spencer 

and Miss U. Jackson 

The engagement is announced 

Mrs J. Spencer, of Lower 
Arnaby. Cumbria, and Laura 

es Sangster. of Sussex appointment, 
tire, and Su- Snow 

Professor Donald Winch, 
r, of Hatfield, professor of economics at Sus- 
sex, has been appointed Pro- 
Vjce-Cbancdlor (arts and social 
ekson studies) for three years from 

is announced August I. 
son of Mr and Dr Stuart Lang, lecturer in 
r, of Lower English, has been appointed 
l and Laura dean of the school of cultural 

Jane, younger daughter- of Mr and community . studies from 
Stanley Jackson, . of . Hale, the same date. 

Hampshire; and Mis Doris Mr Des Cohen, re ader in 

and Mrs Doris Mr Des Cohen, reader in 
West Kensington, economics, has been appointed 
dean of the graduate school in 
je arts and social studies from July 

HJX Bushby ^ . 

... . j Promotions 

icm is .axmouncea iiMdcnUti from October i: Dr m 

Hampshire, and Mis Doris 
Jackson, of West Kensington. 

Mr JX*. Steele . 

and Mtss EMJX Bushby 

The engagement is announced 

between James, only sou of Mr 

and Mrs G.K, Steele; of 

Fairmilehead. Edinburgh, and 

Katie, daughter of Mrs J. 

Bushby and the late Dr T.F. 

Bushby, of Childwall, 


Mr WJLV. Temple 

and Miss MX Gaya 

The engagement is announced 

Framework Knitters’ 

At a court meeting held at 

between William, son of Major yintners * HaP _ 

W.V. Temple. MG RE (retdX' ™^ ng 1 ^ Te de ”. a ™ cei » 
and Mis W.V. Temple, of Framework Knitters’ 

Nether Alderiey, Cheshire, and 
Mary, daugh ter of Iiemeoant- 
Colond the Rev DJB. and Mrs 
Gaye, of Sherborne, Dorset. 

MrR. Wflfiams 

and Miss HM. Ridge ‘ , 

The engagement is announced iSlTtlUUiyS 

TODAY: Mrs Katby Cook. 26; 
G JS. Williams and the late Mrs ^ Henry Cooper. 52: Mr 

GrahamDayr5^Sfr Russell 



Germans retrieve 
historic tea set 

By Geraldine Norman, Sale Room Correspondent 


E. Williams, of Halesowen, 
West Midlands, and Heather 
Mary, youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs R.C Ridge, of 
WeUsford, New Zealand. 


Mr M. Hoggins 
and Mrs M- McGinty 
The marriage took place ometly 
oh April 30, in Edinburgh, 
between Mr Martin Huggins 
and Mrs Margot McGinty. A 
service of blessing was held at : 

Christ Church. 

Fairgrieve, 62; Sir William 
dock, 78; Lieutenant-General 
Sir Michael Gray. 54; Sir WD- 
liam Gray, 58; Dr David Harri- 
son, 56; Major-General Sr 
Ralph Hone, 90; Miss Ruth 
Lister, 37; Mr Randle 
Manwaring, 74; Mr Peter 
Oosterhuis, 37; P r ofes s o r Anne 
Robertson, 76; Miss Brooke 
Sanders, 38; Dame Joan 
Seccombe. 56; Miss Dodie 
Smith, 90; Mr Norman 
Thetwell, 63; Mr Alan Wells, 34. 

TOMORROW: Mr Ronald 
Aird, 84; Mr Ftitb Banbury, 74; 
the Rev Professor C K. Ba rrett. 
69; the Right Rev D. 
F arinbmu gh. 57; Sir Stephen 
Hastings, 65; Miss Audrey Hep- 
burn, 57; Sir David Hudyard, 
70: Mr Esmond Knight, 80; Sir 
Edward Pickering. 74; Mr Ron 
Pickering, 56; Professor Marisa 
Robles, 49; Mr Gennadi 
R o z hde s tv ensky, 55; Mr Edwin 
Russell, 47; Mr Alexander 
SchouvakrfL 52; Mr Terey Scott, 
59; Sir Norman SiddaU, 68; 
Lord Stoddart of Swindon, 60; 
Mr Eric Sykes, 63; Professor 
Basil Yamey, 67. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 


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■ALFOt* on Airt 2S& m Oassnw » 

Anneutro Jotostanel^d AUSBtr. a. 

danger UOT _ 

■nrrp? on 2S» at Bath » 

Mary vwwt ) ana ft di rtj.' ” 

lann Dion Launr. 
ewSt - on 1st M 


ttr. Flora M I WV ” 

RARDOtC - to Chris and AUn (nte 
Fraser) a son. Jack. Bora at home on 
28Ui April 1986. AH weU. 

HUCHJ. - On AmU S4th. to victoria 
Uiee MuHoyJ and Paid, a daughto'. 
ICaQianne Alexandra. 

MAHCTALL on 26Ui April, at Pie Imv 
don Hoptd to Joanne (nee Maritas 
and Ores, a daughter Imogen. 

OWEN on 1st May at The University 
Hospital of Wales. Cardur to 
One (nie DowXes) and Jo n at h a n a 
son C hr istopher Jonathan Philip. 

SUBTH on 29m Aprs st the Rode. 
Cambridge to Sarah and John a 
beautiful daughter CSarv Ehaabeth 

SMELL on Aprfi SBtt at GtoOCeSMT 
Hospital to Susan tofc Johnson) and 
Christopher a son Henry Edward Al- 
exander a brother for-Chariotte- 

THA7CHEB - On 1st May. 1986 at 
Odslock Hospital. Salisbury, to 
PhtHppa uWw Osborne) and Tow. a 
son XhHRlnlc ChririoptKr Redlonl 

THOMPSON - OP 18th April 1986. to 
Peter and Sarah, a daughter. Laura 
Jane Mary. 

YATES -On May 1* to Hpel and Rod- 
ney, a ion Batfarain Houy. a tatf 
brother (or Mark. Demean ana I 


tfAHMOl- Bir sally (Me O’Corwanj 

^doSirey. a son (Mark DanWl 
born March Sid X98& a brother lor 
Ysanne. LetiHa and Tom. 


wii wnnm a. HOOK 

Tt * maroietook ntaoi at Watford 
on 1st May between Major Anmony 
dCuMn^enD and M TO Catherine 


mma— on sots ApUL peacefully u 
jus hp M oouStos Gordon aged ST 
years of Casue view Para. Mawnan 
Smith. Beloved mabaDd of Daphne 
and loving Father of Ftona. DaaM 
and Tots'. CTefnatton Private. Funer- 
al "a nrn and fnurmeni of nsn ahu 
lobe IMid at Mawnan Parish Church 

■ oh Wednesday 'Rh May at 2JD pm. 

Family Sowers ctOy. Donathw to 
Hew if dcstaL for fhe Tfcachwa ft- 

nwohdTtof.c/od>^BMMIj&2 . 

Siniston Place. FahitoUtft. Enq tertec 
tofeFuwd DWetor-TC Penre». 
FMSVAJtn 290606 

CAVT - on April 300%. peaceMly at 
home. John Kenneth, much loved 
husband of Sytvta and dear (Mber of 
Otricttoe. Timothy and ooo4n4Bw 
PhQtp. Service or Th anM gt v to g to 
wUdi ad are wdcooe at the n—trt 
Church. London Rond. WatertoovfDe 
on Wednesday May Tth at USO pan. 
ramfly flowers only, but do nat to n e If 
dashed to Banda Home Ms doa 
Ftmd. c/o Rev. T. Thomas. 12 WaUh 
Road. WaterioovOe. Hanto. 

COX - On April 30th. pencefosy at 
borne Id her 96th year. Nora Cnfe 
Bourne! notch loved and admired by 
her extended family and many 
friends. Funeral Service id Great 
Barton Parish Church on Monday 
May 120) ai 2J0pm fallowed by pri- 
vate crematem. Family flowers only. 
Donations If desired for GroM Barton 
Parish Churth may he sent c/o L. 
Fulcher Ltd. 80 Wtdtinp Sheet Bory 
$t Edmunds 

MCHTER - On April the 27lh peaceful- 
ly at AsMey Lodge Nursing Home. 
New Miftan. Hampshire. Edtth Jane. 
tofg Barshyw) dearly lowed wife of 
the late Gabriel Didder. She was Di- 
rector and . ManadN Editor of. 
PetroSeun) Ttmcslnaa 1945 to 1959 
and wtH be P Buoab ei e fl wttb deep 

| affection and respect by her idecea. 
nephews and. devoted friends. Cre- 
mation Bournemouth, on Tuesday 
May the 13th at 12 noon. Family 
Bowers only. Donations If desired to 
the Leonard Cheshire Foundation. 
26 Maunsd Street London SW1P 
2QH. - ... 

CVEKARD 2Ut Aura I960 at TUB Old 
Rectory. Brinkwonh. wots. Joyce 
Helen Ombetit Everaid a^d 78 
yean, a beloved mother and grand- 
mother. Flnml Friday 9ih May. 
Memorial service at Brinkwonh 
Church Z P.m_ proceeded hy crema- 
tion at Ktngsdown cremaartan. 
Swindon, at 12 noon. Enquiries to 
0793 22797. 

RTH - on May 1st 1986. suddenly, 
but peacefully. Charles Coy. aged 74 
years, of 25 Manor Court, Pcwsey; 
devoted hooband of the laic May 
tan Fytek betouad fattier ef Tony 
and Wendv. teiher-in-iaw of Janet 
and Ken. darting Grampie of Emma. 
Sarah and Timothy Fitch and Cath- 
erine. Adam. Jude and SUUe 
Beaerldge- FamOy cremation. »*■ 
Jewed ts> Service or .Thanksgiving la 
Peuscy partflt Quin*, on Thursday 

‘ May 801. at 230 pm. AH welcome, 

. Family flowers only pfeasEL dota- 
tions tf-desired to Cancer ftesrarch. 
c/o Lloyds Sank. Pewsor. 

HUWT - On Aprs 30th. Priscilla. 
dautfUer at toe late kft. A Mrs. PtuMp 
Hunt of Woodl an d s . Southa m pton, 
after a abort fitness. Funeral at the 
Church of Oar Lady of the 
Ass u mptio n . LymBiursL Hants. 8at- 
nrday 3rd of May at 1050 an. 

IQRRM on 301b ApriL after a bravtiy 
fooght tBnoas. Sydney, prevkxaly 
Production Ma nager of The Sunday 
Times. Much loved hraband of Betty. 
Cremation at Cufldford. on Friday 
9th May at UOom. Family flowers 
only ple at, donations if desired to 
The Village Hospital. CranMah. 

now • Cyras Henry (Peris) aged 
90 yews. On May l* peacefully at 
bone. Funoat service on Thursday 
May 8th ii a. Martins Omrcfc 
at Sgm. Followed by private 
cremation. Family (towers only, do- 
nations if d esired to the N&P.C.C. 

fi OSPIfl on 24th ApcS 1966 at bom 
Joac htm Nocben. Private Cremation 

WMOKN - on Sunday 27th April at 
Bexttm-«D-Sea. East Sussex. Ethel 
Katherine Inventetn (formerly Povr- 
eUL peacefully in her 66th year. 


LLOTD ■ A monortol service lor Chris- 
topher Uoyd win be heU to the 
chapel of the Royal Naim College. 
Gremrfch at $>m. on Friday 30th 

■oBOrroH - Robert born 3&52 
toned tragicaBy Always at 

oo r itxwgtiB. Mcatw. fS&Uy A 


LOBO to proud and testing memory of 
Andrew Lord who died suddenly on 
4th May 1985, Always In oar 

MMTBreftfWtO- For David on this 
Ms B i rt h d ay- In our hams always. 

The German state foundation 
for tbe upkeep of historic castles 
and gardens scot a repre- 
sentative all Che wav from Berlin 
to Torqnay on Thursday to 
spend £13£00 (estimate £6JW0- 
£10,000) at Beanies on a Berlin 
porcelain t£te-4-t£le, or tea s^ 
for two. 

It is a remarkable set, each 
piece painted with a different 
royal palace and its garden by 
Adolf Walter. It was presented 
to die English watercokmrist, 
William Callow, fry Prfaicess 
Victoria of Prussia when be 
visited Potsdam and Berlin in 

The Germans wanted ft back 
becanse ef the way it 
documented what the castles and 
gardens looked like In the md- 
nineteenth ce n tur y . They are at 
present restoring the gardens at 
GBemcke casde which are 
shown on thr s e rvic e. 

Meanwhile, in Amsterdam 
yesterd a y the dose of the week- 
long auction of the cargo of the 
Gcidcrmalsen, the Dutch East 
lndaman that sank in the Sonth 
China Sea in 1752, saw the 
proceeds totalling £10 miDifin; 
Christie's pre-sale estimate was 
only £3 mfflhm. 

After Christie's take their 
perce n tage the ten divers win 
share jost under £2 m3fioB, and 
the three partners who launched 
the venture wB get about £2 
..million each. The Dntch 
gover nm ent's 10 per cent share 
wiD also be nearly £1 minion 

The top price in the morning 
sale was 150,800 florins (es- 


HM Government 
Mr Tun Eggar, Partiamentary 
Under-Secretary of State for 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, was host yesterday at a 
luncheon given in honour of M 
Alexandre Hay, President ofthe 
Internationa] Committee of the 
Red Cross. Among the guests 

Tht Counicss of UmeKK chairman. 
Brlti**i Red cross Society. Mr Prtrr 
Kuno. Mr M-KP Sir. Mr David 
Wych. Captain A.C.Y. Thorpe. RN. 
Mr CJ. Greenwood and Mr Ruprecht. 
Von Arntm. 


Harrow Association 
Lord Orr-Ewing, President of 
the Harrow Association, pre- 
sided at the triennial dinner held 
at Harrow School Iasi night Mr 
F.EJL Butler and Mr LD.S. 
Beer, Head Master, also spoke. 

Dramatists' Club 
Dame Peg gy Ashcroft, MissJudi 
Dench and Mr Michael Wil- 
liams were the guests of honour 
at a dinner given by the 
Dramatists' Club last night at 
the Garrick Club. Sir Ronald 
Millar, president, was in the 

Royal College of Radiologists 
Mr W. M. Ross, President ofthe 
Royal College of Radiologists, 
gave a dinner at 38 Portland 
Place. Wl, East night for mem- 
bers ofthe Education Board. 

Service luncheon 

Royal ArtiBery Council of 

The Lord Lieutenant of 
Dunbartonshire was present at 

the spring luncheon ofthe Royal 

Artillery Council of Scotland 
held yesterday at the TA Centre, 
Glasgow. Major-General Robert 
Lyon presided. 

Service dinners 

Honourable ArtiBery Company 
Mr Deputy SJB. Cohen. Presi- 
dent of the Honourable Artillery 
Company Mess Chib, presided 
at a dinner held at Armoury 
House last night. Major N.L 
Hall and Mrs SJE. Cohen also 

1st The Queen's Dragoon 

The annual regimental dinner of 
1st The Queen's Dragoon 
Guards was held last night at the 
Cavalry and Guards Club. Ma- 
jor-General D.H.G. Rice, Colo- 
nel ofthe Regiment, presided. 
Qneen’s Flight Association 
The annual dinner of the 
Queen's Flight Association was 
hdd last night at RAF Benson. 
Air Vice-Marshal J. de M. 
Severne, Captain of the Queen’s 
Flight presided, and Mr Brim 
Trobshaw was the principal 

titrate 26,000-40,000 florins), or 
£47,756, paid by the London 
dealers. Heirloom and Howard, 
for 1.000 blue and white tea- . 
bowls with landscape decora- | 
tion. Souvenir h utters should 
note that that works oat at about 
£48 apiece and that they are not 
likely to charge you an exor- 
bitant profit cm top if you hurTy ; 
along to Berkeley Square. j 

Is London, Leeds County I 
Conned polled off a nice tittle 
coup at Sotheby’s with the 
purchase lor £1.870 (estimate 
£80fl£L200) of a set of hand- 
some mahogany steps with 
leather-tined treads made about 
1820 to facilitate climbing into 
bed. They were bought for , 
Temple Newsam House, which 
already owns the bed they were 
made for, to judge fay the 
identical scrolling ornament of 
the two pieces. The bed was 
made by Gillows of Lancaster 
for Clifton Castle in 

The sale of middle-range En- 
glish fttniittire proved remark- 
ably successful in view of the 

trade as they fiS* up to a dearth 
of American buyers. Eccentric- 
ities were especially competed 
for with a spindly giH-bronze 
and walnnt whatnot soaring to 

Commander Claude 
Sclater, DSO, FRGS, who 
died on April 20 at the age of 
76. had a distinguished naval 
career both as a surveyor and 
wartime destroyer 


Educated at Twyford 
School, be went to the Royal 
Naval College, Dartmouth. In 
the 1930s he assisted with 
surveys of uncharted waters 
off Borneo and Malaya for 
which he was elected a Fellow 
of the Royal Geographical 
Society in 1933. 

At the outbreak of war he 
was serving in the battleship 
Royal Oak and survived her 
torpedoing in Scapa Flow, 
being rescued from the water. 

Then followed three and a 
half years in command of 
destroyers in the Atlantic and 
Arctic, theatres in which he 
saw much action. 

In June 1942 he was com- 
manding the World War I 
vintage destroyer Wild Swan 
returning alone to Plymouth, 
when she was attacked by 
German dive bombers. With 
her assorted armament of 4.7- 
inch guns, 12 pounders, pom- 
poms, Lewis guns and some 
Bren guns scrounged at Bou- 
logne amid the evacuation two 
years earlier. Wild Swan nev- 
ertheless shot down six of her 
attackers, a feat unsurpassed 
in a single ship action. 

However she sustained such 
damage that she eventually 

£ 3,080 (estimate £1,000-£1 300). sank and the survivors were 
The sale mde £188397, with 12 rescued from foe sea 15 hours 
per cent left unsold. later. 31 having perished from 

A total lack of Interest in exposure, 
landscape paintings left Sclater was awarded foe 
Chrises sale DSO for his bravery and skill 

during this action. 

totel Of only £277355. In lumber 1942 in com- 

DorontiAa "land of the destroyer, Obdu- 


Fountain Society 
The Earl of Mansfield, Vice- 
President of the Fountain Soci- 
ety, presided at the inaugural 
reception of the society at the 
Crown Estate Office, Carlton 
House Terrace, on April 30, and 
read a message from the presi- 
dent, the Prince of Wales. Mrs 
Thelma Seear founder of the 
society also spoke. Among foe 

rate, he took pan in the Battle 
of the Barents Sea in which the 
convoy JW-SIB was attacked 
by a strong German force 
consisting of foe pocket battle- 
ship LQtzow. the heavy cruiser 
Hipper and six destroyers. 

The British escorts carried 
out a series of feint torpedo 
attacks, coming under heavy 
fire from Hipper ; . Obdurate 
herself being hit. 

However these tactics suc- 
ceeded in their objective of 
protecting the convoy; and 
Hitler was so enraged at the 
failure to destoy JW-51B that 
he threatened to scrap his 
entire fleet and sacked its 
commander-in-chieC Admiral 

Sclater was awarded a Bar to 
his DSO foriiis role in the 

On returning to Britain he 
was appointed Chief Staff 
Officer. Antwerp, and after the 
invasion of Europe was re- 
sponsible for restoring and 
working foe port. For this he 
was awarded foe Belgian order 
of Officer of foe Crown. 

He was later Mentioned in 
Despatches while- in com- 
mand of a division of mine- 
sweepers operating in foe St 
George’s Channel. 

Subsequently, while serving 
as Resident Naval Officer, 
Orkney, he was instrumental 
in having the sunken Royal 
Oak. in which 833 of his 
shipmates had perished, de- 
clared an official war grave. 

On retiring forml he royal 
Navy in 1955 he became 
Domus Bursar of King's Col- 
lege Cambridge, of which he 
was also made a Fellow. One 
of his major tasks was the 
supervision of restoration of 
college buildings. 


Old EUesmerians 

Old EUesmerians are reminded 
that there will be a reception and 
lunch on Sunday. July 13, 1986, 
at noon- on the occasion of the 
annual O.E. match against the 
gentlemen of Shropshire. Fam- 
ilies are most welcome. Further 
details and tickets may be 
obtained from the bursar at the 

Sheila Stewart, who died in 
Clearwater, Florida, on April 
30, aged 80, was foe BBC’s 
first woman announcer. After 
a brief career in the theatre she 
first read foe news on the 
wireless on July 22, 1933. 

Later after her marriage to 
Commander Giles Borrett she 
withdrew from newsreading 
and concentrated on radio 

But she returned to the 
microphone in 1942 as a 
presenter of wartime 

After a subsequent mar- 
riage, to an American. Gager 
Wasey. she settled in Florida 
where she resumed her broad- 
casting career, as a presenter 
of television and radio pro- 
grammes in Tampa. 

A tall elegant, shrewd and 

charming woman, she won 
many broadcasting awards. 

During her years in America 
she did much to promote 
understanding between her 
adopted country and the 
country in which she was born 
and which she loved passion- 
ately until the end. 

The son of her marriage to 
Giles Borrett survives her. 

Jean-Jacques Gautier, the 
Swiss human rights campaign- 
er who initiated a European 
convention on foe prevention 
of torture, died in Geneva on 
May 1. He was 73. 

His proposal for a conven- 
tion on foe prevention of 
torture was expected to be 
formalised soon, now that it 
had been accepted by foe 
Council of Europe. 

Services tomorrow; Rogation Sunday 

9-30 Sung Eucti and M: 11 Suns 
Eueti. Le« an monad neah iBairetowt 
R*v Canon PGC Biwfc 375 E. 
Responses lAyleward). LI tony (TiDIu 

6.30 ES. Rev CF Pollard. 

MINSTER: & 8 AS Ht lO 

‘ . O taste and see (Vaughan 
the Dean: 1J 30 M_ Ana I 
new heaven (Batnton). Maslvr 
Cuuer of Shefhehfc 4 E. Like as the 
hart (HoweOsL Mrs Jean May land. 
HC. Jesus IS this dark worKTs tight 
(Bacht: 10.30 M. BenedKtus < Stan- 
ford p, Te Deum (Stanford). Rev P eter 
Ban. 3.15 E. in tsdiu Israel (Wesley* 
M. Benedict te tDyson In FL OcuH 
omnium (Wood). Rev Trevor Beeson: 
11.40 Litany and 5uns Euch: 5 E. My 
beloved spake tKadfey], Dearoness 
Frances FosSer. 6JO EsT Rev Sebas- 
tian Charles. 

Southwark: B. 10. 12.16. 6 LM; IX 
KM. Rev Michael Hayes. 

ace. SWi: 8.30 HC: 11.16 Sung Euch. 
Mass in four para (Byrd). Canon DN 


ft . issuing Eucti. Rev Lesoe Harman. 
Greenwich: Choral Euch. Caret of 
Beauty (French trad). From all Out 
dwell below the states (TA Wahnlsky. 
the Clurtxabi. 

racks: 11 Sung Euch. 


m. Start Service rayr®. Eece wen leo 
(PhtlJnsV. toe Oiaplatp. 

TEMPLE CHURCH^ Fleet Street 8.30 
HC: 11. IB mp and HC. Responses 
ra ~mart Pose). Te Deum Laudamus 
rraton in O). JubiHe Deo iMoeran 

E3. Rev John Hester. 


8.30 hcs 11 Gnorai euch. Btesaed be 
the Oad and rather (Wesley), Pastor 
PlE Fahricius. 

CHAPEL ROYAL. Hamilton Court 
Palace: 830 HC 11 Sung Euch. Ate 
serum egratu (Elgar). Rei John 
BleasK £5 o Evensong and LUanv. o 
taste end see {vaugnm wuiiamu. 
Litany tor five voices (Talfasi. 

Rev Peter Delaney. 
au. samis, Margaret SU7M- W|; 8, 
B.1S LM: 1020 lfii£ 11 HM. Mhssa 
Rrevts tn D (Mozart). Rev J&w Yo tow 
6 Solemn Ev ens o n g. Sermon and 
Bnwcficuoh. Rev GA Reddtngim. 

Rev Rtcluni Brwu 

Parish Communion. Rev j 

HOLY TRINITY. Bronwlon Road: 
8.30. 11 HC. Rev PJS Pertain: 6-30 
ES. Rev JAK Millar 
HOLY TRINITY. Prince Consort 
Road- swn 8.30 HC U Choral Euch. 
Rev Martin brad. 

HOLY TRINITY. Skane Street: 8.30. 
12 10 HC 10.30 EUKto. canon Rob- 

SmjtoiliM: 9. 11 HC Mtaea Aeterru 
Ctirtali Munera (Palestrtnat. Cantata 
Domino i Byrd), the Rector: 6.30 E. 
Dorian service (Taiusi. Sacerdoies 
Domini (Byrd), the Rector. 

ST BRIDE'S. Fleet Street: 8.30 HC 1 1 
M and Euch. Te Deum (Boyce in AL 
Collegium Rc^je i Howells ) Canon 
John Oates: 6.33E- Thou vial test (he 
earth (Creeneta Rev Wallace Boulton. 
ST CLrrHBEFrrs. pnunearh Car- 
dens. SWS 10 HC 11 Sunn Euch. 
with a voice at stoguig (Pritchard). 

R*v. wj Miim ajtrtck. 

STCEORGTS. Hanover Souare: 8.30 
Hp ll Sung Euch. Start Service 
iTanM. Ave Verum iByrdL toe 



1030 HC. Mtssa SerslsiwiKai. All m 
toe April Evening (Rober tso n). Preb 
Donald MUsmatL 

ST JAMES^. PteatWiV: 8 JO HC 11 
Suns Euch: 6 EP. 

ST JAMES’S. SusMta Gardens. W2: 8 
HC: 10.30 Sung Euch. Mtssa se la 
Fate » rate (Dufay* 6 E. Short 

Rev N weir 

ST MARC Aft E7T~S- westuunser. 11 
Sung Euch. Rt Rev EG KnabteFuher. 

19.30- 7.30 HC 9.48 Family Co nun u- 
nkui. David Davis: 11.30 MS: 2 as 
D»e Service 4.15 Choral E. 630 
■j. Ron NMhHlott. 

ST MARTS. Bourne strew: O. O as. 7 
LM : 1 1 HM. hflaa ‘O auam 

Btwfosun ivtcitanai. Tnou vfeitm Ihc 
earth iGreenei. O xng loytully tBet- 
lenl. Fr John CUltog; 615 Everaong 
and Solemn Benediction 
ST MARY ABBOTS. Kenalngton; & 
12 JO HC 930 Suno Euch. Rev SHH 
Agand: 11.15 M. the vtar: 6-50 E. 

Stetw Gerd 

ST MARYLESONE. Marylebone 
Road & ll hc. Ne&on Mass (Haydn) 
Salvator m until (Btowj. Kshoo of 
Futoain: 6.30 Mtnhtry of Healing. 
Rev Mann Israel. 

ST PAUL'S. Robert Adam Strew. Vf 
» | H C. Alan Cook: 6.30 Rev George 

ST PAULS WUton Place. SWI: 8. 9 
HC 11 Solemn Euch. Mease ’Cum 
JubUo' i Maurice Durum, Since God 
so tender a regard (Henry Purcell), tf 
^oerae naga in lAnotu. Right Rev Br 

ST PETER-S-'Eaion Square: a.IS HC 
to Family Mass: 11 solemn Mass. 
Mlisa Aeterna QdsU Munera. Seta 
Enim Quod Redemptor (Lassus). Rev 
P Busiin. 

ST STEPHEoTS. Gloucester Road: S. 
9 LM: 1 1 HM. Communion Service In 
C (Bryan Kelly). Rev Robert Browne: 
6 May Devotion. Salve Regina (Pou- 
lenc). Rev Simon Adana. 

ST VEDAST. Foster Lane: 11 Sung 

Sr reel, wi: n HM, Miwa tirevts 
(Gabrieli i. Ventte comedlte panem 
meum (Byrdt 6 LM and Benediction. 

LAND. Pom Street: 1 1 Very Rev . J 
Fraser McLuskey: 6 30 Rev W 

Alexander cairns. 

Garden: u.js. 6.30 Rev Kenneth C 
Hughes: 12^0 HC. 

8. 1C 19. 4. 6. LM; 11 SM, huh 
qulnu tom iLassusi Chrtsrus (actus est 
lAnerto). Factum eai ai lent I urn 
i Deraw) 

FARM S I HEET . Wl: 7.30. S.Kl lO. 
12.15. 4.15. 6.1 S LM. 11 HM. Mtaea 
brevis o) B (Mozart). Regina eoett 
(Alchinger). Ave verum corpus 

THE ORATORY. Brora man Road: 7. 
8. 9. 10, 12JO. 4-30. 7 LM: Ll HM. 
Col teredo Mace i Mozart) Jubilate Deo 
i Gabrie li r. 3.30 Vespers and Pro- 

ll SM. Wesren Wyndc iT&veruen. 
Salvator Mundi rraiuti. 

OCR LADY. SI John's Wood: & 9.30. 
IP. 6 LM: 10. AS HM. MH9 tom 
ChrlstiB Astra Asrenderai (Pale- 

SSSiciK Slf.'feiP'K ®P0N. 

Wi: ll Rev Bon F .Allison. 

CTTY TEMPLE. HOtbOrtV 1». *-30 


klntTs Road: 11 HC. . . 

GJewsk: 6 Mr Tom WegUagL 
CHLIRCM. Wl: It. 6-50 Rev John 

KENSNtTTON Lite. AUcn S treet Ll 

fSJ&r, A^'breaham 
s*. ecz. ii hc. 


?eslc^ 1 cha^i- cay Road- ecs 

.weraoSS? it. 6 30 Rev R Jonn 

hM M Qitt; 1 1. 6 30 Rfi R T KtMML 





he r 

Diary of 
chief is 

From Trewr Fishlock 
New York, 

New evidence emerged yes- 
terday of Dr Kurt Waldheim's 
knowledge of German war- 
time atrocities against parti- 
sans in Greece. 

Documents found in the 
National Archives in Wash- 
ington, which fill in some 
blanks in Dr Waldheim’s war 
record, show that die unit to 
which he belopged played an 
important part in the deporta- 
tion of 1,795 Jews from Corfu 
in 1944. 

Dr Waldheim, the former 
UN Secretary-General who is 
a candidate for the Austrian 
presidency, has previously ad- 
mitted a distant knowledge of 
reprisals and atrocities involv- 
ing resistance fighters but has 
denied any involvement in 
them. Nevertheless he had full 
knowledge of Hitler’s orders 
to shoot captured partisans. 

During July and August 
1943 one of his tasks, as a first 
lieutenant, was to keep his 
unit's diary. The diary is one 
of the documents found in the 
archives, and bears his name. 

On one day he wrote that 
Hitler had ordered that 
“bandits" - the German 
Army’s name for partisans — 
who were captured in battle 
were to be shot and that 
suspects were to be sent to 
labour camps in Germany. 

On another day he wrote 
that a certain area in Greece 
would be “combed most se- 
verely, and the male popula- 
tion is to be shot and/or seized 
and evacuated". 

Dr Waldheim has consis- 
tently denied knowledge of 
mass deportation of Jews, and 
no document links him direct- 
ly with the deportations from 
Corfu. But one document 
found in the archives says that 
his immediate superior was 
responsible for liaising with 
the SS unit that carried out the , 

A spokesman for the World . 
Jewish Congress which is in- | 
vestigating Dr Waldheim's , 
war record said yesterday that ‘ 
the latest revelations were , 
made as part of a continuing 
process of inquiry. , 

PoO hopes, page 6 





,/ • r 




^ **£*'* .V-l 




W : i 


CoBtoedfrora page 1 . 

who, wnHfce Ahm Bond, know 
W w^ 1 - - 

Since tteyimmd Oek hase. 
to Los Allies in' 1979, Mr 
Golan ami Mr Globes have 
emerged antbe leadhtt mde- 
pend^ farce fat the w orld fifta 
badness. , 

Producers, dKhftnns nod 
cinema owners, they MR their 
empire on what (he American 
cinema industry calls 
“schlock”— violent action and 
adventure films and teenage 

Among Adr Uned hits 
has -been the dance film, 
Bn a kdme, ma deby fleHiit- . 
ish director, Adrian Lyae, and 
starring Jennifer Bads; It 
mossed $38 nrifiion in the 
. United. Stales and Canada. 

But they have also hacked 
pre s ti g io ns jfadw t htfafag 
Robert ' Altman, -John'; 
Cassavetes . arid Linn 
WertmnDar. The present Gao- 

rrr» rn 

yesterday. Mr Alan Saner, 
head of the fi lm technidaiia' 
unioe, ACTT, said he viewed 
fte “destruction" of TESE 
with “alarm and dtspair”. 

- Bat the Cannoi bid was 
strongly sqpartdl by the 
British Erector, Michael Win- 
net, whose films for Cannes 
include Death Whh. U and 
Death WiskllL jf 

Investment in UK 

HO argues that EMI has 
censed to be a significant 
backer of petrify British films 
and has prefe n ed to pot its 
money in iutenrarionnl pks 
tnres made abroad. At the 
same tone, says Mr Winner, 
Cannon has been an Important 
forester In British production. 

The main assets of TESE 
(now Screen Entertainment) 
are the ABC titans .-chains 

The toast is Red Rum 

- •■.***? 


Twenty-one years young to- 
day, Red Rum, die three-time 
winner of the Grand National 
and Britain's favourite race- 
hose, frofics m die surf at 
Southport, ridden by Lesley 
Rimmer, his hi Age, [ike the 
Azntree fences, has failed to 
takes its toll even though in 
human terms be ts all of 80. 

“He looks fit enough to race," 
Mr Pieter Roogier, the chak- 
man of Red Rmn Linked. 

Among two or three hundred 
guests invtbed to a party to 
celebrate his coating of age 
will be Brian Fletcher, who 
rode him to his first two 
National successes m 1973 
and 1974. 

Cancer risk admitted 

Continued from page 1 early . on Monday mom 

About 11 milli on children 
are receiving die iodine, but 
most were given It on Wednes- 
day, two days after the highest 
radioactivity readings. The of- 
ficials admitted that “we may 
be criticised at future scientific 
symposi a for being over- 
cautious" with the iodine 

The Polish authorities say 
they first became aware of 
strong radioactivity in Poland 

early . on Monday morning 
when a monitormg station in 
the village of Mikola jki, in the 
Polish lake district, picked ap 
readings of 500 times the 
normal background leveL 

Heavy rain is now regarded 
as deskside because ft wffl 
force radioactive dust deep into 
the soft. 

It now seems a reasonable 
deduction that Moscow did not 
teO Poland of the explosion 
util it was too late to take 
really effective action. 

Soiatim. to i-arfe No i7,03« Sointioa to Pazzie No 17,935 I Today’s events I In the garden 


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CS 0 E 13 B Q IS 

Nssn L-iicnmaEEjaBE 
g E E m & H H 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,036 

A prize ofTbc Times Atlas of World History will be given for the 
first three comet solutions opened next Thursday. Entries should 
be addressed to : The Times . Saturday Crossword Competition. 
Box 486. 1 Virginia Street, London El 9XN. The winners and 

/ he winners of last Saturdays competition are: Mrs J. Holmes. 5 
Keals Crofi. Lyman. Devon; Cynth'ia Morris. 53 Homewood 
Avenue. Cuffley, Hens; Air William Humble. Aidtnaskiach 
House, Inverness. 


Address — ........ 

■ wi U U 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the Rugby league Challenge 
Cup Final, Wembley Stadium, 
Middlesex. 2.40; and later, at- 
tends the 35th anniversary 
edetxations of the opening of 
the South Bank concert halls. 
Royal Festival Hall. South 
Bank. SE1. 7.45. 


Concert by The Hague Phil- 
harmonic Orchestra, Civic Th©. 
atre, Halifax. 730. 

Concert by The Guildhall 
String Ensemble, St Mary's 
Church. Aylesbury. 7 JO. 

Concert by the Preston 
Cecil ian Choral Society. 
Guildhall. Preston, 7 JO. 

" Recital by Martha Kingdon 
Ward. John Withers and Mi- 
chael Crump. The Pump Room, 
Bath, 8. 

Organ redial by Allan Wicks, 
Canterbury Cathedral, 7. 

Music by The English Con- 
cert. Shddonian Theatre, Ox- 
ford, 8. 


Book fair, the Bishop's Pal- 
ace, Hardebroy, 10 to 4.30. 

Haslingden Fun Day: funfair, 
side-shows, competitions, the- 
atre and jazz; Hasfiagden Sports 
Centre, lGam on. 

Country Craft Fayre. Leeds 
Castle, M aidstone; Sat to Moo. 

1 1 to 5 (ends May S) 

Tomorrow’s events 

Royal eagagements 

Princess Margaret takes the 
salute at the Combined Cavalry 
“ Old Comrades" Parade. Hyde 
Park, 11.05. 


Rail and Road Heritage Run, 
Motor Museum, Syon Park, 
Brentford, today and tomorrow 
10 to 6. 

Antiques and Collectors Fair 
Belgrave Hotel, Torquay. 10 to 

Mariscat Pre s s Reading, po- 
etry and short stories. Third Eye 
Centre. 350 Sauchiehall St, 
Glasgow. 2.30. 

We really must seize any 
moment when the top soil is dry - 
enough to take out a drill and 
sow seeds of vegetables - peas, 
broad beans, carrots, onions, 
lettuces, beet and turnips. 

Under glass, or indoors, sow 
seed of capsicums, marrows, 
outdoor ridge cuc um ber s , such 
as Venkj Pickling, and sweet 
corn, for planting - out at the 
end of the month or in early 
June. SuttonsFl hybrid cocum- 
ber Petha is excellent for a 
heated or cold greenhouse. 

soWu/?ake dahlia c utting s now 
and root them in peal pots, filled 
with a good peat - based seed 
potting compost. Prick over any 
bare patches on lawns and sow 
grass seed. Small patches may be 
covered with thin plastic sheet- 
ing to protect them from birds. 
Dry cleaners' plastic bags, when 
slit open, are ideaL Leave the 
coveting in place until the seed 


: Births: Nicoto Madnaveffi,' 
Florence, 1469; Richard D*Oyty 
Carte, impresario, London, 
1844; Francois Cbty, perfume 
manufacturer, Ajaccio, Corsica, 
Births: Sir Thomas Lawrence, 
portrait painter, Bristol, 1769; 
William Prescott, historian ( 
History of the Conquest of 
Mexico). Salem. Massachusetts. 

1 796; .Thomas Henry Huxley' 
scientist. E aling, Middlesex. 

Deaths: Georges Eneseo, 
violinist and com ~ ' 



.. A depression wiU drift 
slowly NX - into central 

After such prolonged wet 
weather, much plant food win 
have been leached - ie washed 
down below die reach of plant 
roots - so generous applications 
of soluble fertilizer will be 
welcomed by fruits, flowers, 
vegetables and lawns. 

If you have already given the 
roses a feed, apply a second dose 
now. If not, give them one 
application now, an d another in 
three or four weeks, bh 


Gardens open 



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FT 30 Share 
1382.9 (+8.9) 

1652.5 (+124) 

S^ am) 


US Dollar 
1.5277 {-0.Q013) 
W German mark 
3.3666 (+0.0013) 

76.0 (-0.3) 

to Cannon for f 175 m 

By Jeremy Warner 

SS&r 1 ??* 

New deal 


The British & Common 
Shipping Co l»$ ac- 
quired for as undisclosed sum 
a 55 per cent stake in Stock 
Beech, a regional broker with 
an emphasis on private cli- 

The deal represents the 
company’s second acquisition 
in the financial services sector 
after the appointment to the B 
& C board of Mr John G unn, 
former chief executive of Exco 
International B&C invested 
about £28 million in a com- 
modity trading venture in 

Mr Gunn said yesterday 
that “the backing and support 
of B & C" would provide a 
boost to the Stock Beech 

Bowater buy 

Bowater Industries, the pa- 
per and packaging group, is 
expanding its builders' 
merchanting interests with the 
£12.5 million purchase of the 
building matm-tai* and roofing 
business, Roberts, AdlarcL 
Shareholders speaking for just 
over 50 per cent of the shares 
have given irrevocable under- 
takings to accept the offer, 
which is worth 260p per share 
in cash or 261 p through a four- 
for-five share swap. Adkrd 
closed 20p higher ai£25Gp. 

RFD defence 

The RFD Group, which, 
makes parachutes mid din- 
ghys. bunched its formal de- 
fence against the £24-9 million 
bid from the plastic sheet 
manufacturers. WarriBe Sto- 
reys, by forecasting a 27 per 
cent rise in tamings per stare 
and a dividend increase of at 
least 12.5 per cemfor theyear 
just ended. ‘ - 

£20m offer 

BM Group, a quoted sub- 
sidiary of C H Beazer, foe 
builder, yesterday made a £20 
million offer for Benford Con- 
crete Machinery. The tenm 
are three BM shares for e%ht 
Benford, with a cash alterna- 
tive worth 79.5p a share. 

Tempos, page 23 

Screen Entertainment, 
Britain's hugest film company 
and the owner of the ABC 
cinema circuit and Ektree film 
studios, yesterday chang e d 
hands for the second tune m a 

Cannon, the Hollywood 
films conglomerate, signed a 
£1 75 million deal to buy the 
company from Mr Alan Bond, 
the Australian financier who 
only last month bought Screen 
Entertainment from Thom 
EMI for£l 10 million. 

Cannon put in a bid for 
Screen Entertainment when it 
was first pot up for sale last 
year but was bounded out of 
the auction after protests from 
British film producers and 
artists who said they had 
objections to the company 
passing into foreign hands. 

Some were particularly out- 
spoken in their criticisms of 
the two Israali-bora film mo- 

start shooting in July, would 
be reviewed. 

Mr Golan disclosed that 
Cannon had redeved outline 
planning permission for a 17- 
screen £7.5 million cinema 
complex in Soho, London, 
which would be the largest of 
its type in the 

Menahem Golan (left) and Ymmi Gtatoe *snmg fihn an d 
rarimwKMtiwi Inevitable* 

Cannon already owns the 
Classic and- Star cinema 
chains which, added to the 
287 ABC screens owned by 
Screen Entertainment, would 
gr ve ft nearly 40 per cent of the 
British cinema market 
Mr Golan said the takeover 
would inevitably mean some 
rationalization both of the 
cinema circuits and .film 

guis who control Cannon, Mr 
Menahem Golan 

and Mr 

Yoram Globus. 

A teg hurdle for the deal is a 
possible reference to the Mo- 
nopolies and Mergers 


But he pledged that for 
every cinema dosed as a result 
of foe merger be would open 
two, and said that film pro- 
duction at the EJstree studios 
would be stepped up; 

He was confident of con- 

vincing officials at the Office 
of Fair Trading that foe deal 
would be good for the British 
film industry and should not 
be re fe rred to foe Monopolies 

Camion expected to make 
10 films a year in Britain from 
now bn and would honour 
Screen Entertainment's com- 
mitments to British 

However, Screen 
Entertainment's pledge to fi- 
nance a number of David 
Begelman productions in the 
United Slates, including the 
$23 million Sicilian, due to 

Mr Bond said he would be 
rmnvestingsonre of the profits 
on the deal, which be estimat- 
ed at £40 milium after costs, in 
a 6 per cent stake in Cannon 
and would be joining the 
company's board. 

One »n«rit^ « tyvnai share- 
holder in Thom EMI, the 
electronics, music and con- 
sumer products group, said 
the company had “dearly sold 
out far too cheaply to Bond”. 

As part of foe deal with 
Cannon, Bond Corporation 
will acquire Australian rights 
to Screen Entertainment's 
film library of more than 
2,000 titles. 

Mr Bond said that after 
buying Screen Entertainment, 
he discovered that the busi- 
ness had a number of severe 
problems which were better 
addressed by a bigger com 
ny with experience in the ' 

Glynwed in 
agreed bid 

- Lex sale 

Lex Service is completing 
the sale of its two remaining 
transport businesses. Bees 

Transport and Carpet Express 
are being acquired by their 
respective managements far 
a total of around £10 million. 

USM debut 

The Mi 

is joining foe Unlisted Securi- 
ties Market through an offer- 
for-sale by Phillips & Drew, 
the broker. Of the 7.5 million 
shares on offer at I57p each, 
4.2 million are being sold by 
existing shareholders and 33 
million to raise new money for 
the company. 

Tempos, page 23 

. By Teresa Poole 

Glynwed International, 
manufacturer of consumer 
and building products, yester- 
day launched an agreed £23-2 
million bid for Brickhoose 
Dudley, which makes man- 
hole covers and drainage 

Mr Richard Graves, chair- 
man and chief executive of 
Brickbonse, saidGIynwed had 
appeared to be the most 
compatible partner and would 
have been sought as a white 
knight in the event of any 
other bidder. 

Glynwed is offering a nine- 
for-25 share swap worth I49p, 
with a 131p cash alternative. 
Brickhoose shares rose 23p to 
149p, up from 95p cm Tuesday 
when Glynwed made its first 
approach* • 

The two companies have 
complementary product 
ranges, of cast iron pipes and 
drainage products, and the 
acquisition win r strengthen 
Glyn wed’s distribution net- 
work. m the North. 

Brickhoose is forecasting a 5 
per cent increase in pretax 
profits to £1.8 million for the 
year to March 31, including 
losses estimated at £900,000 
from the E W Aveni civil 
engineering business 

UK reserves best 
for four years 

n v> w m 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Britain's gold and foreign 
currency reserves rose last 
month to their highest level 
since February, 1982. They 
were up by an underlying $264 
million (£173 million), the 
fourth successive monthly 

The reserves have increased 
by a total of $786 million in 
the first four months of this 
almost recouping the 
1. million fall in the final 
three months ofiast year when 
the Bank of England used 
reserves to belp push down the 
dollar and to support the 

The reserves stood at 
$18,987 million (£12322 mil- 
lion) at the end of April 
compared with $18,750 mil- 
lion (£12,686 million) at the 
end of March. Before adjust- 
ments the rise in the reserves 
was $237 million. 

Much of the recovery in the 
reserves is because of the 

pound's higher value on the 
foreign exchanges. It nose 

from $1.4780 to $1.5535 in 

There is evidence dot the 
authorities have been stocking 
the reserves in case the Prime 
Minister decides on entry to 
foe European Monetary Sys- 
tem. Hie Chancellor has bran 
lobbying within the Cabinet 
for full EMS membership, 
and he would dearly be 
embarrassed if the decision to 
enter was taken and the 
authorities were not prepared 
for it 

The pound yesterday 
down 10 points to $1.5277 m 
London, although this was up 
on its overnight position in 
New York. The sterling index* 
fell ff3 to 76. 

Sweet war turns bitter 

STC sells 
control of 
£60m plant 

Our Business 

£227,000 pay 

Mr Patrick Sheehy, chair- 
man of BAT Industries, the 
tobacco, paper and financial 
services company, was paid 
£227,000 last year, according 
the latest report and ac- 


counts. In 1984 he earned 
£200.000 including a perfor- 
mance bonus. 

STC the troubled telecom- 
munications and computer 
group, has sold control of its 
Foots Cray semiconductor 
complex in Kent to LSI Logic, 
a Californian semiconductor 
manufacturer, and a number 
of unnamed industrial inves- 

STC is retaining a 10 per 
cent stake in the £60 million 
wafer fabrication plant which, 
it said, would seek further 
financial support 

Lord Keith of Castleacre, 
STCs chairman, revealed the 
deal at the company's annual 
meeting in London yesterday. 
STCs recovery was well under 
way, foe outlook was encour- 
aging, and progress rewards 
this year’s operating profit 
targets was better than expect- 
ed, he said. 

The sweet war intensified 
yesterday as Dixons denied 
Wodworth's claim tint con- 
fectionery suppliers would be 
hit if Dixons’ £13 bfflion Md 

Dixons argued that as 
Woolwurth had 840 stores la 
1984, compared with Britain’s 

245,000 confectionery shops, 
reducing the number of Wool- 
worth stores selling sweets 
would have a trivial effect. 

Dixons described Wool- 
worth’s market share — 10,000 
tons a year - as infinitesimal 
. compared with total 1985 UK 
sales of 73(1000 tons. 

Allied and Whitbread 
to link wine operations 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

ADied-Lyons, foe brewing 
and food group, and Whit- 
bread, the brewer, are to 
amalgamate their table wine 



Dow Jones 

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operations in a jointly-owned 
company with net assets of 
£52 million and a prospective 
annual turnover of about £270 

It would create a lug new 
business with sufficient re- 
sources to compete effectively 
in world light wine markets 
against increasingly interna- 
tional competition, the com- 
panies said. ' 

Allied has just signed a 
contract to buy for £1.2 billion 
the wines and spirits division 
of Hiram Walker Resources, 
the Canadian conglomerate. 
The venture with Whitbread 
was a farther development of 
its international strategy. Al- 
lied said . 

The new company, which 

will include British wines and 
spirits wholesaling, will bring 
together Allied's Grants of Si 
James's and Whitbread's 
Sto wells of Chelsea. Grants 
claims to be Britain's biggest 
wine shipper while Sto wells is 
market leader in the boxed 
wine market. 

Whitbread will also inject 
into the company hs Europe- 
an interests, Calvet and Lan- 

AHied and Whitbread al- 
ready have one joint operation 
in JR Phillips, the wines and 
.spirits agency. 

* TUe aim is to have the new 
company operational by June 
but it is subject to there being 
no reference to the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission 
for investigation. 

Feature, page 23 

PCW suit 
may seek 

By Alison Eadie 

5 names on loss- 
stricken PCW syndicates will 
sue for triple damag e fa the 
United Stales this summer, if 
a satisfactory offer has not 
been made by Lloyd’s and 37 
other defendants. With syndi- 
cate losses expected to rise to 
£200 minion or more, triple 
damages could be more than 
£600 million. 

A lctler written to PCW 
names yesterday by a steering 
committee, chaired by Lord 
Goodman, said that AUA3, 
the agency appointed by 
Lloyd’s to manage the PCW 
syndicates, bad instructed 
American- lawyers to prepare a 
complaint on behalf of names 
as soon as possible. AUA3, 
whose chairman is Sir Ian 
Morrow, has been working 
very closely with the names' 
steering committee. 

The names have decided to 
pursue their case in the United 
States because the American 
definition of fraud is wider 
than the British interpretation 
and because the Racketeer 
Influence and Corrupt Organi- 
zations Act gives the statutory 
right to triple damages. The 
names also believe they have a 
good case for arguing that 
Lloyd's should nave been 
registered with the Securities 
and Exchange Commission in 
order to seD Lloyd’s member- 
ship to American names. 

A draft writ was drawn up in 
Britain this year and shown to 
all potential defendants. A 
standstill agreement on litiga- 
tion between the names and 
defendants was extended until 
the end of September, but 
names said they would sue by 
July 1 if satisfactory progress 
had not been made. 

AUA3 would like to see the 
standstill agreement extended 
to the US on the same basis as 
Britain. Although Lloyd’s 


has expressed willingness to 
work towards a market solu- 
tion to the syndicates’ losses, 
which the names argue were 
largely caused by fraud, it 
wants to see the latest ac- 
counts for the estimated 

AUA3 is working on the 
figures, but does not expect 
them to be ready, until the end 
next month. The last pub- 
lished accounts showed esti- 
mated losses of £130 million. 

Professions must fall into 
line, says SIB chief 

A bead on dash between the 
new City watchdog, the Secu- 
rities and Investments Board, 
and the professions looks like- 
ly after the STB's chairman. 
Sir Kenneth BeriU, gave a 
warning yesterday tint foe 
professions mast bring them- 
selves within the regulatory 
regime proposed far the City. 

Professional bodies such as 
accomrtants, solicitors and 
sui v eyo r s have voiced concern 
over the power foe SIB vrifl 
have to substitute one of its 
own roles for thews. 

They are also concerned 
that the requirement that pro- 
fessional bodies must seek- 
recognition from the SIB to 
exempt those of foeir members 
who give investment advice 
from authorization as invest- 
ment businesses wfll lead to 
changes in their role books. . 

at the Daridlfanje Institute in 
Edinburgh yesterday. Sir 
Karaefo said that foe princi- 
p it of equal protection .of 

By Lawrence Lever . 

investors in all markets must 
extend to those receiving ad- 
vice from professionals. 

“Those who take foe bene- 
fits of recognition most take 
foe responsibilities too”, be 

Sir Kenneth also disclosed 
the extent of the rift between 
foe SIB and the profession 
when he said there were 
indications that some of the 
professional bodies entitled to 
seek recognition from the SIB 
would not be doing so. 

This will mean that individ- 
ual members of the profes- 
sions concerned most seek 
authorization ns investment 
businesses either directly from 
foe SIB or by joiniig a seif- 
regnlatory body, otherwise 
they wiD not be able to offer 
investment advice to their 
diems. . 

This is seen as an adminis- 
tratively cumbersome route in 
contrast to foe- process of 
recognition for an entire pro- 
fessional body from the SIB- 

Sir Kenneth's speech yester- 
day was a direct response to 
representations made earlier 
this week by the three Insti- 
tutes of Chartered Accoun- 
tants in Britain to the 
Government, complaining 
about the proposal to give the 
SIB the power to require 
changes to their rules. 

The Law Society, foe 
solicitors’ professional body, 
has also voiced concern about 
foe SIB's powers. 

**It is designed to ddal with 
market practices which SIB 
feels h needs to deal with 
immediately. It is irrelevant to 
the professions and fails to 
distinguish between foe pro- 
fessions and foe investment 
industry”, be said. 

Sr Kenneth also indicated 
yesterday that details of the 
statutory compensation 
scheme aimed primarily at 
in vestment businesses seeking 
authorization directly from the 
SIB wonid soon be unveiled. 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Only 1 0 major players 
may survive Big Bang 

Gazing into the murky future beyond 
October's big bang has become a 
favourite City parlour game and there 
are about as many opinions as there 
are self-appointed soothsayers. One 
of the few points of genera) agreement 
is that size is what will count in 
London's capital markets and that 
conditions will only allow a handful 
of giant institutions to hold the field. 

Philip Wilkinson, group chief exec- 
utive of National Westminster Bank, 
put the point succinctly in his speech 
yesterday to the David Hume In- 
stitute conference in Edinburgh: “If 
London follows the the same path as 
New York there will be, in five years’ 
time, 10 major players with 60 to 70 
per cent of the business". 

The analogy with New York's 
experience since “Mayday 1 975" can 
never be exact, given the many 
differences between its markets and 
London's. But as both clients and 
providers of financial services 
increasingly favour complete finan- 
cial packages the emphasis on sheer 

size, diversity and capital strength 
looks inevitable for any serious 
competitor in capital markets any- 
where in die world. 

Mr Wilkinson was at pains to 
reiterate NatWest's view that it was 
choosing a middle course between 
developing in-house expertise — the 
Lloyds Bank approach — and the 
highly expensive acquisition of bro- 
kers and dealers — the Barclays 

The forecast of 10 major players 
after five years, assuming the figure 
includes foreign as well as British 
institutions, implies some fairly 
spectacular casualties. It also implies 
a rapid growth in the gap between 
large and small operators. There will 
probably always be room for small, 
well connected businesses like 
Cazenove and Lazards in the new 
markets, but anyone aiming to be a 
'‘niche” player will need quicker wits 
than before. After all, today’s niche 
market may see the big players 
moving in tomorrow. 

High street’s best buy 

Stanley Kalm s has an impressive 
reputation as a retailer who can read 
the signs and is surrounded by a 
group of men dedicated to the 
Dixons' quantum leap. Dixons’ 
successful acquistion of Currys in 
December 1984 demonstrated good 
thinking, foresight and opportunism 
in equal measure. 

Dixons’ holly contested bid for 
Woolworth Holdings is an initiative 
of an altogether higher order. As Mr 
Kalms has written in the offer 
document: “The huge profit potential 
of the high street space (7.5 million sq 
ft, little short of Burton-Debenhams 
and conspicuously exceeded only by 
Marks and Spencer’s 8-9 million) 
occupied by Woolworth stores" is 
waiting to be unlocked. 

Dixons* ambition is to unlock it 
and Mr Kalms believes Dixons has 
the professional skills and resources 
to do that whereas the Woolworth 
management does not Woolworth 
contends that Dixons knows how to 
play only in the lower high street 
divisions. The new alliance between 
Geoffrey Mulcahy. managing direc- 
tor, and Sir Kenneth Durham, chair- 
man in succession to Sir John 
Beckett, have not only to defend 
Woolworth’s record in the three years 
since Paternoster’s coup formally 
severed the group from its American- 
owned and British-mismanaged past, 
but also to convince their sharehold- 
ers that the benefits should and will 
accrue to them, rather than Dixons if 
they remain loyal. 

What is already palpably clear is 
that Dixons will not carry the day 
with its present offer, worth 676p a 
Woolworth share standing in the 
market at 845p. On their own figures, 
Dixons* directors, if they were deter- 
mined enough, might justify to 

themselves and their own sharehold- 
ers a bid as high as £12 a share. Much 
of the argument will centre on the 
validity of Dixons’ figures in the 
sense of justifying in the eyes of 
Woolworth shareholders the extraor- 
dinarily high rating of Dixons’ shares 
(40 times historic earnings). This is 
the carefolly prepared platform from 
which Dixons has launched its bid. 

Woolworth is seeking to damage it 
with loaded questions about ac- 
quisition accounting post the take- 
over of Currys. Dixons has countered 
with the lofty statement that they are 
“retailers not financial engineers”, 
but not yet with supporting figures. 

There is little doubt that Wool- 
worth is worth at least its current 
market price: the group offers one of 
the most outstanding, perhaps even 
the most outstanding, opportunity in 
the high street, coupled with valuable 
and growing businesses (Comet and 
B&Q) out of town. Another bid from 
a different source is not incon- 

The opportunity is greater than it 
was three years ago in that the 
management which then took over 
has done much of the demolition 
work and shifted resources from FW 
stores to B&Q to considerable effect. 
The progress made is highlighted in a 

deligbtfuly ironic way by the fact that 
SG Warburg, 

the merchant bank 
acting for Dixons, acted for the 
original Woolworth company against 
Paternoster. It strongly urged 
shareholders to take Paternoster’s 
cash — a monumental misjudgement, 
rapidly seen as such by Warburg 
Investment Management who pro- 
ceeded to buy shares in support of the 
new regime. 

There is still a long way to go before 
this issue is settled. 

Unit Trust 
statistics for the 
year to 1st April. 




Position and 
total number 

in value 

in sector 










+ 50.7 












& Growth 













+ 18.2 



High Income 

+ 17.4 



Planned Savings, offer to bid, income reinvested, 14.86. 

Above we show the performance 
of our ten unit trusts, 5 of which 
are in the top 50 of all 739 author- 
ised unit trusts. 

For further details call 
01-489 1078. Or write to: 

Oppenheimer, 66 Cannon 

Street, EC4N 6AE. 



A member compary of the Mercantile House Group. 

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New York (Agencies) — 
WaB Street pikes opened 
higher yesterday in active 

The Dow Jones industrial 
average, which fell 6 >10 to 
1777.78 on Tbnrsday, was no 
6.44 to 1784.2Z shortly after 
the market opened. 

Advancing issues led declin- 
ing issues by 588 to 364 among 
the 1,409 issues crossing the 
New York Stock Exchang e 

May Apr 

1 30 

The stock market suffered 
its third consecutive day of 
hisses on Thursday, but ana- 
lysts said the decline seemed 
to be tapering off. 

Although the market gave 
ground on Thursday, its losses 
were small compared with 
those seen on Tuesday, when 
the Dow dropped 18 points, 
and on Wednesday, when it 
plunged nearly 42 points, suf- 
fering its biggest single-day 
loss in history. 





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EM (War Ong YM 

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Do Amro 

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664 710 -01 186 

1157 129 7 . 093 

820 803 ..093 

609 651 +09 231 

80 1 82.78 -10 028 

B3B 6828 -02 228 
738 Bid* -10 4.82 
1722 1905* +05 402 
747 798 .. 7.66 

1904 2068 -0.1 766 

728 779 -O B 2-37 

691 739 -0.7 237 

594 62H -28 .. 

2E9 319* +031010 
94.7 I0I8S +081010 
1398 M9Aa -0.1 1.38 
99 109 +0.1 lift 

708 814 -09 1 58 

86 1 892 -19 010 

650 715 -06 1.10 

1040 107 7 -05 0.10 

375 32ft +07 0.10 

3 G4B1KUOS St. RUrtmrrti EH3 8YV 
031-225 2581 (DeaMn-031-226 60681 

M Ex (221 
441*1 & («) 

UK Ex (31) 

PsM Pens mu 
Pad Pros UK 
BO Amenta 
BG Energy 
8G Income Qmtn 
BO Ja pan 
BG Tecmoiogy 

415 7 <33.7 1.17 

3423 357.1 .. 028 

2203 23<5a .. 150 

4400 4716 . .. 

199 0 2005 .. .. 

1582 1683 -22 095 

1108 1282 -02 158 

200 1 2129 -09 LB* 

1502 1598 -ELI 080 
1589 158.1a -12 188 


25/26 AbfflRM) Screw. London W1X 4AD 

01-491 0295 

American 475 609 -09 082 

Ataman 199 215 -01 272 

Japan ft OsnerW 902 965 +02 017 

High income 460 482 -OB 72B 

mtsmananal TruB 75.1 804 -04 158 

Income Gin Tsi 47.1 504 -05 4.18 

G*ta 4 find Ini 66 2 70.7 -OB 5.41 

OfctoW Markets 355 37.78 -05 188 

Saw* Saustons 415 44.1c -05 148 

Untom Home. 252 RomUjni Od E7 
01-534 55*4 

America Bi 9 87 ie -17 1.71 

At* Accum 1379 1468 +01 183 

Do means 885 1047 +01 183 

Crons! 702 7*6 -07 287 

Emmet Trust 4268 46358 -33 386 

Emm Income 755 8038 -04 552 

F-nanoW 235.4 250 4 -18 288 

500 2841 2809 -07 353 


190. west George a. O s sfl ow G2 2PA 
041-332 3132 

BBenced Gtti he *25 *65a .. 250 

Doacbbi 411 *58a .. .. 

mean* Gift tas *1* *40 ..850 

DOAccun 423 *50 .... 

Serve* Oo'* he 44.7 475 +0.4 190 

Oo Acorn 455 48.1S +05 .. 


H* Weft,, T onanOge. TW0 1DY 
0732 3 6 222 2 

Amonew 972 1040 -21 057 

An* Equity meat* 307 3298 -07 497 
Amor Spec* Ed* 515 S68c -05 040 

F«r East Inc 308 328 +0.1 4 12 

QBftRTOdmt 319 329 +01 872 

Growth ft In c o me 1004 1074 -07 451 

Japan Spec* 8» 345 388 +0J .. 

JKWI Trust 1078 1154 +02 .. 

Managed UK Tfl 1298 1379 -0.7 0 13 

Mg Inowna Gouty 714 788 +05 49Z 

P mtam o na l am 343 389 -0.1 223 

Soon E*fl «Bi TB 285 279 +05 070 

Span* SO* 1549 1885 -14 071 


BM (Mr Cbn YU 

Do ACEI* 2083 2238 -07 150 

Wokweda Grow*t 1805 1927 -19 191 

Do Amro Z*2 2885 -22 191 

2a CWon SL London EC2A844X 
01-820 0311 

EWy OM 1224 1309 -12 1.44 

Do Accra ims 1B15 -1.7 «44 

G4t T>rot 54.4 573 -09 A 28 

Do Amro . 905 613 -10 458 

HtOr Income Dkt 838 8988 -&2 455 

Do Amin 1079 11498 -09 455 

US One* 512 5498 -1.1 1.11 

Do Acorn 522 5558 -12.1.11 

WqtaH Part. Qomr EX3 10G 
0392 52155 

General TruB 439 46.08 -0,7 390 

moan* Trust 372 399 -02 590 

fcanm a Ba* Tn* 305 327 -09 190 


Three Quays, Tomer HH BC3H BO 

01-828 *588 

BU (Mr a*n YU 

1179 125J +24 2.15 

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183. Hop* SUMt. 178*00 nr G2 SUN 
041 221 B2S2 


1079 1189 
2342 2500 
2112 22S98 

Am*r ft Gen ho 
Do Amro 

Amencro Exempt 0417 351.48-1031 1.42 
Japan Exempt 0*1.7 3328 +230 1.11 

Am Prooeny tb siaraio . . t.ts 

Propany Trust E20339 8 . . 6.10 


NamwPgm. Bristol BS2 OJH 
0800 373380 

Amer Growdi 24.7 26 3 

EcWv High mwme 43.1 469 

European GnMi 25 l 289 

Groeroi Eque, sea «ij 

an ft Hxed HI GO) 303 3? 3 

cm ft Fried me 256 273 

lnoe» Seomtos 2SI 2698 

Japan ChMi 28.9 237 


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NLA Tower. AdrtKOnt* do*. Croydon 
01-686 <355 01-828 8011 
Brtwh Tn* Urns 5442 5T04e -149 292 

Croon Tnw LHB 1006 WD -45 582 

Doaar Tn* UrBs 177.1 18358 -78 114 

EuropTOTI Trust 1219 1»-6 +09 QJB 

Far Era Tn* 1114 USB -06 201 

2T2.1 2249 
3489 2809 


43 Or s cs cnurch SL BC3P 3HH 
01-623 4200 EM 269 

NPI-WC - -■ - 203.1 218.18 -w*i-290 

00 Amn 3Z79 34388 -33 280 

NPIOmeas 609 5754 -38 1.10 

Do Amro 8597 7019 -49 1.1C 

For E*B Ace 689 74.1 ... 090 

Do DU 886 74.1 .. 030 

American Act 557 503 -07 1.70 

Do OW 652 538 -09 1.70 

PO Box*. Norwich MU 3NG 
0603 622200 

Gnxm Th* £1194 1267 

M Trust 121.1 12758 

Amencen Inc 
Do Amro 
AnBrMn me 
Dfr-Aean - 
European Inc 
Do Accum 
Oft ft Frted ho 
Da Accum 
Gold M lac 
Do Amro 


130 1718 +31 
801 854 +31 

884 ms 
177 1318 
714 738 -1.1 

*17 830 -09 

47 B 509 -14 

544 5799 
1389 1499 . -19 
819 87.1 
15X9 1632 

-310 320 
-19 128 

Samir Cafe 679 72.18 -07 310 

MBiMd House. 2 ATOM 


Amencro Growtb 404 

GenaoKkowth 569 

GMcMToctl 434 

Mm M 822 

rncome kioMMy 485 

Japan Okmi 349 

Q"swr* Growth 419 

0W< * B CM 822 

spmi oppg Am 

Dock. London EC4V 

429 -03 0.7B 

938 -38 398 

4358 -04 OH) 
832 -36 542 

5398 -32 741 
3388 +02 0.18 
4598 +33 147 
6328 +02 282 
713 -04 280 


<71-08. Naw Lflod* R3 Owknlord 
OM 61651 

Octa m co tie (S) 4513 *797 . 396 

Oo Amro ffi 7379 7B7.7 . . 895 

Rattnp FUnd (<) 2455 28248 +44 275 

Do Ann M 2727 29148 +37 275 
Fktoo Am ft Geo (4) 2330 2519 -72 368 

Do Amro (4) 271.7 2889 -82 088 

FMtna too Fund {*) 1737 1831 
S 8 W Amer (3) 757. 1 1633 

UK Sb* CUT* Eq 
N American 

1723 183.48 
1212 12958 
1433 15448 
1804 18258 
1049 11148 
1419 16098 

-29 248 
+0.1 7.85 
-19 148 
+1.4 079 
-14 141 
+09 090 

031-226 4372 

Worfd QrawOi 
N Amoncen 
tacoma Fend 

51.7 684 
342 386c 
332 335 
454 435c 

-04 1.90 
-02 *20 
+01 200 
-04 260 
.. 310 
+0.1 850 
.. 230 
-02 090 

Doom Trust UrBs 
Euramm Trust 

Far Cob Tn* _ _ 

Franc* TiuB 3878 391 38 +1.7 £58 
Gfe Ftrod Hit me 304 318 .. 8.19 

Do Growm *4 B *7.6 -0.1 72E 

E+gn Y«d Trust 859 TOO -17 492 

mean* Tn* 827 88.08 -22 44T 

Man t a* 11 44 121 8 -07 237 

Japan Tsch TB 332 3T3 -03 040 

Nanrol Rnogrcw 307 3278 -06 255 

Seamy TiuB 187* 18*1 -S3 296 

Enter CM 880 93 78 -05 1.47 

Spec* Sire 933 1024 -40 249 


£2 Q ueen Annes Gato. Lendon SWIM BAB 
01-222 1000 

■J BN ft Oesro 1300 13848 -14 170 

n h*i mcama 5* 1 S7.&8 . . 1000 

IBI Secairy GB 66* 5048 .. 200 

MtMOiiani Tb Fnd 659 8948 -04 340 

20 Froertimi St Lonoen ECS 
01423 8000 

GIB I Fond Inc 
Jronn I Gan he 
Do Acc 
Growth Amro 
means TruB 
Ltwixe Trust 
Spnasl S nusuais 
Trusme Fuxl 
Um Tech Accum 
Do Incoms 
WBrldwids Tn* 

137 8 146 58 -1.1 108 

57 1 801 ..913 

137 4 14018 +02 0.18 
1390 14788 +02 0.18 
171* 18088 -8.1 344 

333 S 33* 7 -17 3 3* 

797 B* 7 -02 133 

140* 1493 -OB 227 

1924 20*6 -17 255 

1091 1IS0 -10 288 

517 550 -10 037 

515 547 -10 031 

1*31 1322 -08 092 

■B 1*m» Fund Ace 3272 3*808 -33 323 

jUfl. Bsexsnmm. Ksrn BR3 *xa 

I 56.7 6088 +09 040 

*9.7 511 *rt 030 
wan* SS8 39 78 -05 590 

1114 1182 +08 090 

A He. 834 *79 -ijO 230 

Me* 089 029 -0.7 030 

Mils* 7S4 853 -05 030 

race 693 106.68 -0.1 090 

*1 71.7 784 ..030 

Amer <75 509 -48 1.B0 

Msr Cos 849 8978 -03 270 

CtMW Accum 274.6 29218 
Enapy TruB *22 448 

Erou Incan* 1(E3 17588 

ft IP nON 158 7 168 8 

On Syn a gy *4 M2 

Grwft Irtu asu ns m 2900 3085 
Income ft Grcwrm *07 *32 c 
Japanese ft PHcrtc 1310 1*1 « 
Nth Amer Growth 1000 1064# 
WRecMerv 1098 1169 

grotar Osj 1989 2083 

AM me Tsi 578 8148 

Crown Ham , wrong CU21 1XW 

Hrgn htooes DUB 237 6 254 *8 
Grown Tn* £258 2*13 

Amencro Trust 1283 135.1 

4. MshnBs Craaosm. EO n aatpi 

Growtn ft Inc Fund 1313 1426 

11. OaronaHie So. 1 
01-823 *273 
Eiufey Exampt 
Da Amro 
UK Mart* FMftllM 
Do Aoam 
Japan P sr ion na nee 
Do Amro 
US Spec* Fdaum 

Do Accum 
US Spec* Inc - 
Do Accum 
European Parf me 
Do tan 

Lontton BC2I* 4YH 

4074 42598 
5182 538.18 
7Z2 7448 
774 7928 
1129 7204 
1134 1209 
875 7208 
884 7228 
374 419 
394 424 
574 814 
807 84.7 
715 885 
782 832 

-84 223 
-69 223 
-20 195 
+02 1.86 
+14 0.12 
+14 0.12 
-05 070 
-05 020 
-0.4 128 
-03 1JB 
-03 512 
-03 512 
+02 147 
+03 147 

51-ftfl, atom h*. sum EsaaoL £1 2DL 
01-478 3377 

Ho8ani Equ*y 4002 435.78 -84 343 

BaepMn 854 no.+w -o.« 040 

iiowam C o m a t 5M 589 -08 191 

natron Han Inc ' 87.1 7198 -1 1 598 

Matron W 901 954 -09 023 

Ja pan*** rax so . . are 

N American 604 7278 -14 044 

HBbon SMC SM 848 8BJ -09 204 

HMnm (ft Growth 824 87.6 +1.1 212 

HoBOm GB Trust 1814 189.1# -03 057 


5SIS 2S. aa,10,,, lDl EH1B 5BU 

031-856 6000 

Pag ft| me 23S2 98098 

& Accuo 3708 28828 

30. Gty Bd. London EQY SAY 
01-638 8011 

Amor Tech ft Gan 1021 1092 

UK Haae. CanN SL SAtwry SP1 33H 

Amer Growdi he 
Oo Accum 
Ford ftw TSr Inc 
Da Amro 

600 809 
844 883 
194 212 
250 264 

^ 1324 1403 

Da »txxrn 214 .1 22098 +02 . . 

mi Recovery me 979 1038 +02 231 

Oo Accun 102* ions +01 .. 

Japan (tawnti Vc 853 3£HH» +07 .. 

Dp Amro 05.8 BO 78 +07 . 

Sraaar Cos Inc 1517 16528 +14 223 
Oo Amro 2007 215 78 +14 

UK Ea Growdi me 28 t 302 -03 145 

„ Do Amro 48.1 405 -aj . . 

wortraras Taot Inc 429 *54 +03 012 

Do Aeeun 411 457 +03 .. 


sr&sKo coc ** 1 ** **»* *“ 

•ncama Fund *27* 4362 .. 471 

Msmstro* ft Gen 2*08 3169 .. 073 


Eooey OsMbutan 274 1 2312 -*3 208 

Do Amro 4285 *563 -6.7 248 

Do mean* 615 858 -07 *36 

EWIWWO 675 722 -0.1 150 

Far Easton 868 915 059 

G* Trust 01 7 8648 -03 543 

M Uanned 733 7H4 +05 1.1G 

577 81.78 +08 266 
N Amencro Trust 727 779 -04 25* 

UK SpaeM Sea 610 674 -1 1 208 

lwwm BA)* uNrrmuBT managkrs 

JMsmi* Obl Goisrg-BY-Seu. WanMng. W 

+01 842 
+02 .. 
+02 231 
+01 .. 
+0.7 .. 
+07 . 
+14 223 

-03 158 
-05 . . 
+03 0.12 
+03 .. 

Resources Fund 

1075 1150c -24 

1802 1927 -19 

204 21 4 +05 

Sn» JM Cos Fnd 307 329 

1312 1*03 

(Em Amer Ol 1423 1*868 . . 

E» Japan (3) 685 698 ..024 

(E»l Paata (4) . 2*35 251 * . . 041 

f£xl Smassr Jlp (4| 1772 1834 +0 5 010 

Eixrmmd 25 1 288 -02 173 

SS OhuMswr GL53 7LD 

UK BBSKM he 7D7 764 -09 ana 

Do Acorn 707 73* -09 269 

11K Qoei Amro re* a*.7p ^3 i*n 
UK Hgn me me 817 67 M -25 515 
N *ta *nan Amro 81 1 6S2 -12 153 

Far EJsMm Acen 743 793 +07 asa 

2‘ 7aj -01 112 
UK or SR w 57.1 609 .. 831 

[fa Amro 57.1 605 . 021 




S;S?S. au,w ** 

Mi-238 3886 

Hrftft Income Truer 

744 79*8 -I 1 32! 
78.6 015c -04 4 79 

Do Accum 
Energy HO 
Da Accum 
Dn mean* 
Do Acorn 
German am me 
Da A«tun 

Do Acaro 
mu Teen 
Da Amro 
Japan Grewtft 
Do Amro 
N Amar ft Gan 
DP Accum 
Paefte Bam 
D o Accum 

182.7 13548 -27 341 

3253 3475 -4,0 341 

*83 «S -O I 328 

511 SAB -01 128 

1603 171.4 -19 499 

283 * 3034 -24 <98 

633 6778 +03 001 
693 877 +02 OUT 

*£4 28548 -24 *36 
325* 5818 -09 *36 

1808 1833 -23 0 34 

188.6 201.7 -24 034 

8*7 891# +04 042 
648 9938 -04 0 02 
97S 10*2 -24 am 

10*5 1121 -21 041 

1087 1162 +0S 028 

1134 121 2 +05 028 

Cos ft H*c 1874 ZOOM -05 1 70 

“i^SrodNig Rd. MBdstan*. KMMB14 1XX 
0822 674781 

MLA Gan** 387 317 -05 249 

MLA ft e e meta * 514 5*48 -02 098 

IIUGHUM 244 JUe .. 99B 

MLA Incans 408 *328 -02 462 

MLA European 889 309 33 091 


M*njhwa 783 81.1 .. 254 

3ft ft. Fined W 1159 1204 .. 778 

rtgh mcaae Unrti 11* 7 121.98 .. 551 

1W1 Y*o G* Unt fift.4 584 . . 1127 

nd Growth Una 118.5 12508 . , 0 as 

* American Unra 703 74 7 . . 031 

fer Ebb units 825 87 7 ..022 

fa*Wr Cm Fund 885 7288 .. 191 


252. nonftM RtL E7 

*mc*P 1384 14698 -14 «40 

*■ **" *** 

-26 142 
-22 142 
-04 525 
-05 528 
+04 198 

America sic 2672 284 2 -27 1.06 

D °-* aa * T L ® J -10 145 

aergyRe* 1JC.6 1414 -0.1 3.98 

hsora 802 9548 -0.7 3.60 

Japan _ 1BS.1 1789 -09 003 

S*Mr Cot 137.6 1469 £10 

SmarEmonGO* 1699 1799 -ai 055 

ExentplS £1334 13608 .. 647 

Ama Prop 81157 12188 .. .. 

ftopaiy 1739 18248 .. .. 


M*S*I Scnoet London ECU 8AS 

220 0 2240 

8036 7QB5 
IMS 1*34 
3834 4010 
1785 1776 
1320 1334 
1825 1864 

UK Gaudy 
PKftc Bam 
-19 055 M Amer 

1193 1285 
1214 1223 

nai 11&7 


2f5E* v '“* ,a ED1A 

01-236 3093 

Growdi me 1943 9089 . 

Da Amro 262.7 3009 

HU YWd 2124 2235 

_Do Amro 2124 2255 

Spec* Sts *1 8 449 

Do ACCua 415 4*3 

HUM* 135.1 14178 

Du Amro 201* 2183 

Atnar ft Gan 369 0058 

Do Amro 369 005 

Master Par Koto EG0.15 61998 

Along Ddln Asts (5) 1087 1157 

Da Amro 
Amer ft Gon 
Do Amro 

A fe ndey House, 7. DwenBi 
01-329 1532 

Amencro TruB 689 

Far Gob ft Gan 81.1 

H Growth m3 

moor* timi tbr 

Japn Giwth 1009 

Bma# Corapaniee 1213 

Tn ch nctag* 357 

AUSWM 459 

UK TIUB 1369 

Eoupean Grawm 519 

Hang Ktmo 22.1 

-07 191 
-14 141 
-04 492 
-04 432 
+OI 1.77 
+OI 177 
-04 UP 
-09 339 
-05 1 10 
-09 110 

-an 394 

+24 193 

n 8q. London BC2 

719 -08 140 

863 ..130 

737 -03 1 TO 

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UBS -03 020 
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3838 -09 020 



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PymcB^Enerjnr 1*3 1518 .. 030 
CroaOro MGU 859 8098 -03 340 

GHMB UM Fnd SI 025 1089 -01 790 


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Coloroll would bring 
mugs into fashion 

hnfrlpn nf »>w>r _ . . 

Total dividend 4p (3.5p) for 
1985. Turnover £14.48 million 
(£13 . million). Pretax profit 
£618,000 (£486.000). Earnings 

per share l6-5p(2Q.0p). Mr Paul 
Torday, the chairman, says: 
“1986 has started well and f 

The burden of proof in the 
CotoroU Group bid for Staf- 
fordshire Potteries now rests 
wnn the mug manufacturer. . 

Its board, origmaDy willing to 
recommend a 115p caShof' 
fer is now spuming 1 333p in 
cash or I41p in shares. Whv 
the rethink? 

Customer conflict is re- 
peatedly cited, and Stafford- 
shire gives a warning flat a 
big. unnamed customer — 
Mans and Spencer - has 
halted afl development work 
with the company, and 
this bodes iD for a future 
under Coloroll. But this con- 
flict is not obvious now th m 
Coloroll has made it dear 

side to £30 million a year, and 
further smaller ceramics pnr- 

M L *” K*“ UICUI, UUW SpCUdU- 

Cft An S *? e laser photo typesetti 

^ ^ under chines, it is a dear ben 

Supplier of print} 
meat, now sped; 
laser photo types* 

„ _ . - „ — uuina, « is a Clear ocacuaary 

* c ' °f modernization. Potential 
company wiB also oner own- investors must balance this 

label goods to retailers, who 
should be attracted by the 
chance to source a package of 
products from one manufac- 

The logic makes sense but 
the price is not generous. 
Someone was buying in a 
light market yesterday, and at 
149p Staffordshire shares 
have the edge on the bid 
terms. Barring the entry this 
week of a third player, how- 
ever, on a medium-term view 

totthe* are no planT^ & 

bowers a aake in a growth 

c „~ i;_- -o' -j — a msm: in a growm 

supper of a wide range of strategy which is compelling. 

household goods, the com- r 

breed group looks well placed ufODp 

to win more rather than fewer — ; 

orders from such customers. L “. Bc ®? er - ina y be Preoccu- 

^■w** 1 * muui oin.u uiotuuicia. - j rs , r * — 

Perhaps M&S just wants to f? 4 * 1 ™,. lhe integration of 

wait until h knows who will hr ? oc ? * ier - ^'bich it ac- 
iwmi>tvMu.AuTv i Quired last war -Tint itt 

be in charge after Thursday 1 ® year, -but its 

cincing date 9 Quoted oihhoot, BM Group, 

Stanorshire is on firmer n ? 1 aUowing that to bold it 

Stofforshire is on firmer' if fallowing that to bold it 
ground on the question of , ac “L . 

Dries. The foreoUt 47 bundled^ a £20 milhon bid 

cent profits increase owes Benftwd Concrete Ma- 
ra uch to comparison w ith a c ^ ir)er y» which makes a coin- 

year when second-half profits p _? e n ,\ ary . raQ ® e of 
r 5.i Construction eODirnnent 

js4u wucu scwuu-uau moms ■ . — •* . — 

slumped because of problems 

in the dranerwre division. The terms of gw bid 

attractive prospect against 
the company’s record. It has 
been rescued not. once but 
twice — in 1978 and 1980 — 
and it was refinanced in 1983. 
New management was 
brought in during 1980, but 
the accounts for the next two 
years were highly qualified. 

The Stock Exchange, has 
i n sisted that Monotype in- 
cludes its results for those two 
years in the prospectus, giv- 
ing a five-year record, even 
though other companies join- 
ing the Unlisted Securities 
Market are usually required 
to give only a three-year 
record. The reporting accoun- 
tant, Ernst & Whinney, how- 
ever, was unable to express 
an opinion on the results for 
1981 and 1982. . i 

There has since been a 
tremendous recovery. The 
management has turned 
1980’s losses of £2.78 million 
before lax into profits of 
£2.53 million in 1985. There 
is no forecast for 1986 but 

expect the first quarter to be 
markedly better than in 1985." 
The. company's shares axe 
traded on the over-the-counter 

• FLOG AS: The board has 
arranged, ■ subject to 
shareholders’ approval, to raise 
about £2.92 million by placing 
J.8S million new ordinary 
shares at I60p each. This will 
increase the issued capital by 
103 per cent. The directors 

believe the current year’s profits 
will show a significant increase. 

dividend Ip (same) for the year 

Shares stirred by bids and 
US interest in blue chips 

to March 31, 1986. Pretax profit 
£2.76 million (£2.95 million). 
Earnings per share l.04p 



DATED TRUST: Interim divi- 
dend 2.75p (2.5 p) for six months 
to March 31, 1986. Net revenue 
before tax £2.1 million (£2.19 

million). Fully diluted earnings 
per share 4.2/p (4.1 5pX 

ond interim dividend of 6-25p 
for the (5-month period to 
March 31, .1986. This matrix a 

total so fer of 8.4 5p (a total of 
7.65p was paid for the year 

Tbe stock market staged a 
rally yesterday, after 
Thursday's shakeout, but 
business levels were sharply 
reduced - by the holiday 

There were signs of Ameri- 
can support for some blue 
chips and the announcement 
of five - new takeover bids 
continued • to provide 

The FT 30^share index rose 
by 8.9 points to 1,382.9, while 
the FT-SE 1 00 index finishe d 
12.4 points higher at 1,652.5. 

Gilts were left out of the 
picture, showing fells of about 
half a point behind lower US 
bonds and a sensitive pound. 

Leading shares finished 
mainly between 2p and 7p 
higher, but Grand Metropoli- 
tan was outstanding at 428p — 
up 2Sp on reports that the 
company had found a buyer 
for its troubled US tobacco 

which followed Prudential's Benford Concrete put on 2p higher at I83p and Hartwells, 
hefty cash-call to 83p on tbe first and final 7p to the good at 1 13p. 

Jaguar climbed 19p to offer from BM Group, which Roberts Adlan! was suspeud- 
495p, helped by US buying, ■ was 17p lower at 236p. Coin— ed briefly, -but-dosed 20p 
which was in turn encouraged Industries returned from sus- firmer at 250p, following a 
by the chairman’s cheerful pensiorvai 102p, up 7p,on the . surprise bid from Bowater. 
comments at Thursday's an- offer from Burgess Grotto. In mail order shares, Em- 

by the chairman's cheerful 
comments at Thursday’s an- 
nual meeting. 

Tate A Lyle continued to 
reflect disappointment with 
the recent results and the bid 
plans for S & W Berisford. On 
the takeover front, Brkkbonse 
Dudley was lifted 23p to I49p 
after terms from Giynwed, 19p 
higher at 41 5p. 

offer from Burgess Group, 
while change of control at 
Glanfield Lawrence lifted the 
shares by I3p to 93p, boosting 
other motor distributors in 

Among the best was Mr 
Ron Brieriey's investment ve- 
hicle Tozer Kemsley, up 23p 
to I85p, Keep Trust, 15p 

surprise bid from Bowater. 

In mail older shares. Em- 
pire Stores was marked up 
I9p to 205p on suggestions 
that Fine Art Developments — 
2p better at I45p — may soon 
launch a bid. Magnet & 

Southerns at I82p, MK Elec- 
tric 423p, Brent Walker 148p, 


7.65p was paid for tbe year 
1984). A further dividend will 

subsidiary, Liggett-Myers. 

ICI also did well at 944p, up 

be declared in July. Turnover 
for 1985 £135.93 million 

1*1 ms umunwdic aiv ian n, .. . . , — , . , . 

Pretax margins are stiD only , va £f s 

about 5 ner cent and th» each _Benford share at 87p, 

prospects are good. 

Monotype's laser, equip- 
ment is already used by The 
Guardian, Today and other 
British newspapers and print- 
ers, but most of its sales are 

The company has borrow- 
ings of £5.9 million, which 
are covered fry shareholders’ 
funds of £6.15 million only 
by virtue of £1.2 million of 
intangibles (for its typeface 
library), which are included. 
However, the company is 
raising £4.67 milhon after 
expenses of £500,000 as part 
of the offer-for-sale. 

about 5 per. cent, and the 

company's recovery is only 231 P- I ^£ acce P' 

iust trader wav tance of tbe paper offer would 

JU T^AWe*1hb home, Siaf- 50 

fordshire has taken the un- ce ®f hpwevCT, k 

usual step erf forecasting next 

year’s dividend increase. If ^ Ibis is suocesfiil 

orMena a™*. If wou i d diluted to 

the 25 per- cent hoist is ri y — 

indicative of the expected 53 n pcr 4 S^ 

improvement in profits, the _ Be dford las a poor record, 
offer is worth less than 10 Profits Hfron. sp^kof « 
times 1986-87 eamincs. mifoon m 1981 to £986,000 in 

times 1986-87 earnings. SS”? m 1981 

QflorolT s chairaST John W but recovered to £1^7 

Ashcroft, has a record of ■p"* 0 

however, lies in the hands of 

Asncnort, nas a record or \ ' j 

making acquisitions at keen however, hes in the hands of 
prices and then investing the mstitotio^ which last 
heavily for the fttnni ItoS irak boughl M per ant of 
i t the shares from Tendon A 

; (£117.8 million for 1984k Pm* 
lax profit £3.16 million (£3.04 
1 million). Earnings per share 

20.8p (22.6pX 

The •company has completed tbe 
purchase from Minerals Separa- 
tion of the remaining 50 percent 
of North Derbyshire Metal 

17p. on the court ruling 
favouring tax concessions on 
its ethane interests. 

Banks returned to favour, 
with NatWest up 20p to 905p 
and insurances made a 
brighter showing after 
Thursday's bout of nerves 

Abbott M V f180p) 

Brookmount (IBtto) 
Chancery Secs (63p) 
Ccnv 9% A 2000 
Cranswicfi M J95p) 
Davies PY (l&p) 
Debtor (130p) 
Otaiene (I28p) 
Ferguson W) (top) 
Gok5 Gm Trot (IBSp] 
Granyte Surface (56c 

'££§&«‘ ) 
Jarvis Porter. (105p) 
Jurys Hotel (H5pf 
KsaartoW (1l8p) 

Lee m psop) 
Lexicon (115p) 

Lodge Care {70p) 





MusteiWi (tOSp] 
Realty Usofcd (3 
Sptasn Prods (7 

Macro 4 P05p) 
Merivale M p15p) 




















Teen Comp p: 

Underwoods (1 

Wellcome (I20p) 
Wtckes P40p) 

Bensons Crisps F/P 

FSC Euro N/P 

as N to 

FSC Eur 

F4C Euro N/P 
Greycoat N/P 
Inti Lereure N/P 
Low A Bonar N/P 
Saatchi & S N/P 
Sale THney N/P 
Snare Drug N/P 
Tuner & Newafl 

Tuner A Neman N/P 
(issue price fn brackets). 

Bcntalls 203p, NSS News 
166p, Gestetner 143p and 
Samael Properties 257p were 
among the many other take- 
over favourites to climb be- 
tween 7p and 25p. 

Recovery projects revived 
AB Electronics at 353p, up 
30p. Bine Arrow at 35Shx up 
25p, returned to fevour on 
expansion hopes. STC added 
4p to I58p and Boddlngtons' 
Breweries 8p to 140p. after 
their respective annual 

Building shares were sup- 
ported again, with Bellway up 
another 4p to 178p after 
Thursday’s bumper profits. 
Losses knocked 8p from 
Prestwick Holdings at 54p, 
but Racal attracted invest- 
ment demand at 224p, up 8p. 

Products (maker of aluminium 
powders) for £100,000. 

Allied- Whitbread venture 

neavuy tor ine tumre. Born V — j V 
Wallmates and Worley have ^ 0 f n J£ 

moved ahead strong under 

bis manawnnmt Rut hmrinp sold a furtiier 10 per cent of 

about more than spotting a 

l But buvine soia a nmner iu per cent oi 
POterS 5 ^ ftnfo** 1 to BM at tbe same 

ti 7^ offer is a final one, and 

recovery stock at ak op^r- J*g™**™™**« 
time Hnn> there is no point m chaang 

Mr Ashcroft’s vision of a i b ' stens ”1 

. rtiin-Tous visioa (n a ~ “ 

co-ordinated future win not IVIOIlOtype 

stop at mugs. The“feshion in 

the home” approach will add The Monotype Corporation, 
crockery, - do-it-yonrself the latest new issue on tbe 
goods, glassware, furniture U5M, will be welcome to the 
and carpets to the ranges. He extent that it provides punt- 
expects to make two acquis- ers with a vehicle for invest- 
rions by the end of the year iog in Fleet Street's changing 
which will build up the textSe ways. As a long-established 

Existing shareholders, in- 
cluding three institutions’ 
which supported the compa- 
ny in 1980 and one which 
injected money in 1984, are 
sating & total of £6.6 million 
shares. Fbur institutions, in- 
cluding Drayton and Electra, 
will own 26 per. cent of the 
equity after the flotation. The 
management owns no shares, 
though it has options. 

Phillips & Drew, the bro- 
ker, is bringing the company 
to the USM on a historic 
multiple of 13.6 times earn- 
ings. The notional yield, with 
the shares at 157p, is 4 per 

Edward Rose, the chairman, 
told the annual meeting: w We 
have made a satisfactory start to 
tbe year in line with oar overall 
group budget. 

trust plans to' raise about £226 
minion, be fo re expenses, by an 
underwritten rights issue of 
1 13.22 million new “A” or- . 
dinary shares at 2p each on a 
three-for-iwo basis. 

group has acquired 68.4 per cent 
of Warrington-based Lamb & 
Watt for £350,400 cash. Lamb, 
which is a compounder and 
wine and spirit merchant, had 
sales of £2.9 million in the year 
to the Sept. 30, 1985,' with 
pretax profits of £39,000 and net 
assets of £148.000. 

LIFE OFFICE: The merger be- 
tween Friends Provident and 
United Kingdom Temperance 
and General Provident Institu- 
tion is not to be referred to the 
Monopolies Commission. 


dividend (nil) for 1985. Turn- 
over £42.73 million (£38.35 
million). Pretax profit on or- 
dinary activities £22>5 million 
(£951,000)! Eamhus per share 
13.8p(5.lp). _ , 

Biggest wine company set up 

The launching of a jointly- 
owned production and mar- 
keting company for table 
wines, announced by Allied- 
Lyons and Whitbread yester- 
day, will create what is said to 
be tbe biggest wine company 
in the British market 

It also signals a big push 
into international markets, 
with European expansion tbe 
first priority. 

The launch comes after the 
prospective purchase, by Al- 
ii ed-Lyons. uie brewing and 
food group, of the wines and 
spirits division of Hiram 
Walker Resources, the Cana- 
dian conglomerate. Hiram 
Walker Spirits is one of the 
biggest distillers in the world. 
Its brands include Courvoisier 
cognac and Kahlua and Tia 
Maria liqueurs. 

Wines and spirits is increas- 
ingly becoming a business in 
which companies need to 
operate internationally if they 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

are to compete successfully, a turnover of 
1DV, part of Grand Metropol- million, handling 
itan, is another British wines 13 million cases 

and spirits operation which 
has developed strongly 

Whitbread, tike Alii ed-Ly- 
ons one of Britain's top six 
brewers, already has substan- 
tial overseas interests with 
Calvet in France and 
Langenbach in West 

Creation of the joint com- 
pany, subject to h not being 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission, 
will bring together Allied’s 
Grants of St James's and 
Whitbread's Stowells of 

Grants claims to be the 
biggest wine shipper in Brit- 
ain. Tbe joint venture is 
expected to account for about 
15 per cent of the British wine 

Tbe new company will have 

a turnover of about £270 
million, handling more than 
13 million cases of wine a 
year. It will include wines and 
spirits wholesaling in Britain. 
Total net assets will be £52 

Allied's operations are 
slightly the larger with a 
turnover of about £148 mil- 
lion. The combined workforce 
will be about 1.200. 

Allied and Whitbread al- 
ready have a joint operation in 
the J R Phillips wine and 
spirits agency. Whitbread had 
only a minority interest until a 
year ago when a joint deal was 
struck. Talks then began on 
launching a joint table wine 

The table wine market has 
recently been the biggest 
growth area in Britain for 
alcoholic drinks. There have 
been annual growth rates of 
between 15 and 20 per cent 
since taxation changes fa- 

voured light wine against beer, 
although the rate of increase 
eased to just under 10 per cent 
last year. 

Sir Derrick Holden-Brown, 
chairman of Allied, said that 
the new deal was a further 
move in developing the 
company's international strat- 
egy after the signing of the 
contract to buy Hiram Walker 

“We are trading in an 
increasingly competitive in- 
ternational environment, and 
we are both convinced that the 
pooling of our resources in 
this way gives us the strongest 
possible base from which io 
develop further our trade in 
the wine markets of the 

Mr Sam Whitbread, chair- 
man of Whitbread, said that 
the move would mean greater 
choice for Allied and 
Whitbread customers. 

Tbese's one word that’s common to most of Europe at flie 


Because with Enropean markets rising 39%» on average 
factyegr, there’s no mistaking the potent* 8 *- ■ 

And now. Save & Prosper (one of Britain's largest unit 

trust groups) befiere the lime is right to broig ytm a new 

Europe- With amterssbsy factor. 
Here's why. 

a’pfW WORDS Otf WHY 

AM tbe signs in Europe are adding up totaceOent ioog- 

invetore both domestic and 
— ^ w veart eains. are still cheap compared 

One third the size of Britain.) And smati markets can be volatile 
— which is wfry our experts are now reconnnesiding a new Invest- 
ment miX- 


Our new fimd witi Invest primarily in them^or markets of 

Co ntin ental Europe in bigh-yiridmg equities (mainly of larger 
companies) , braids and convertibles. 

A mix that is different from most other-European funds. 
Becaure ft stffl aims for high growth- But also includes fla high- 
yielding equities and fixed interest couteTO for income -and. as 
importantly, for« degree of safety which we believe is sensible 
jn.Uiese sntidkr markets. 

And we ought to know. As the first unit trust group to 
brnnch a European ftmd 22 years ago, we've had plenty of 
experience in getting tbe best out of Europe: . 


To: Save & Prcxper Secanties Ud. FREEPOST. Romford KM 1 1 BJL 
Telephone : Free MncjteVIM 282 101 Preset *48128# 


Somme {MrfMoM*)- 

^ LA U7v c 




ExisangAcnwirNo. (if any) 

t wish to invest I* * 1 (bboskss £2» mtefly, £106 snb- 

seqwtailYj Prosper European Income A Growth Food at ibe Sxed offer price of 

SOp per ewhfcrspp ti c a i toB sreeetvBlhy 2nd May 1986, an d w hwiiBHifl yeHheogei price 

per mu preniMgqn the dqr of receipt of my application. 


I e ae R ae a cheque made puyaMe (n Am A Prosper Securities Limited 1 am over 18. 
I would Gkedfatrilanfonsof booms k he refaneaed fa die puehm of fanhsr Bolts', 
awh McaBrwacpai&metet Is jwb. 

"EE 5T cc/No.* jW» 1 1 i. mk 

OJPkm lend me detaBs of mhg from £20 a matt. 

Urn offer h dm anfiiHe torewdetttef «b* Repnh- 


Reg^oHicr: urn .Qxtt Sheet. Edtatagh 

witii other major markets- 

inflation and interest rates 

under control- 

mfo a caring produ<J*vity. 

•And conq»ny psoBts on fbdr way iqi-andi uftwi helped 

xhm'fi evovdiauceof eaoceBentretonia . 

^ (H«» Gtr- 

' You can invest in the now European Income & Growth 
Fkmd from £250 or from £20 a month and until 2nd May well 
be holding the price of units to 50p. 

Just complete the coupon or talk to your professional 

You should remembertbat die price of units and income 
from them can go down tf -wefras-np. 

But we believe with tins new^ Europe investment mix, 
flie signs are ail good. In anyone’s langnage. 

08JBnWETop«^aiBrtfa{(ootii| ftgi i tttifl ga»l ^ 

PUCK MO van Un£ M Nbr iBfiBto ofhr price o( oilbwlfl Ce (ted S XpOtt tEtStttBtoJ OTOSS 
states y«M a 55% pa. tan be quM sty a leameg naeonai papers 

OAUC M IMTS. Ihbmajf bebotft ora*) nomaBy or aqrwitag day. Certtctes laroHy be 

fcnraraedwSiin14!bTS. When insssasetdbaeklo (he Wmsgtc, wytnert is eosiBairiT«r Manraqs 
U oi neosetecBiftate 

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rnauMfflnii%ptoWT-sc^B3cs^nMiai TftsaSftsttaifjEiteruftdsassaslomt 
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UWCBIS- Swa PnssSeoniesLmw. f?iRsnHyAme wb**vEC 2«2CV TefeDtenrOt-fin 
1/1/ AsnstartfBeUwTaaAKKisKpo 










- W - • 

Equities rally 



daily prize money staled. If you are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card You must always have 
your card available when daiming. 

s began April 28 . Dealings end May 9 . §Co ntan 
orward bargains are pennilted on two previous 

lay 12 . Settlement day May 19 . 




Claims required 
- for 
+43 points 



£ 8,000 

Claims required 

+181 points 

in lire Bcwm n 

56 33 SMStMlm 

09* 419 Stand Chair 
818 613 tHn 
82** «’* Wtaatogo 
320 220 Wkitnot 

»*% •*-. go/ a a i7.i 

* +1 1.0 18 4.7 

822 M+S 43.8 33 98 

773 - . 828 38 778 

E9B% • Jj 

Z7S 7.1 26174. 

SSS £ V*** £ 

» 38 BaBWKi 44 


182 147 Butina- (H PI 172 

M0 405 Buremwvxtbnw -54S 

51S 410 CUMUhN SIS 

830 eta OemtSu A) bob 

723 <88 own 873- 

au 165 GreanUWMy 191 
243 183 OwmMnj 2*1 
385 Z75 Grinnaai * 816 

480 40G KMalNMHOI 
88 CB HtfSnd M6 83 
173 MB fcn ro rton 0t«8 168 

288 173 kWbST 270 

ii4 77 tamon Tnmnan im 

251 217 Mortad 2KB 

248 IBS SA t6n .Ml1 188 
23* 163 SCOtS Nw 20* 
38% SOS Silanm (37% 

540 363 Vmb - 450 

313 223 W WM M d ‘A* 388 

315 220 Da ff 295 

251 188 . WMIM ton 233 

606 4io waMmen AO *38 

316 M3 ytunsT/C 310 

.. 110 

-IB 21.0 
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t. 7.0 
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42 ■ 21*4 
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47 103 

.. 24.1 

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-2 102 
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9 4 




>ii E ! ’ 1 "■’'TT T^TTM 1^1 

i ib 1 1 —ii ~ r bi 

IIS'. -% 
112*4 -% 



19 33 

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08 170 



20 MO 

54 2X2 


as .. 


XI no 




49 MO 



19 280 


15 080 


77 250 


20 2X2 


12 MB 


12 229 




13 203 

S3 MO 

& 2 a 60 Ml 


33 MO 

13 189 


03 .. 




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1*4 09 177. 




1.1 301 


1.1 104 

40a 75 3X1 




87 132 


77. 86 


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Abbey National's magazine: Unfair to its readers? 

Parents who think they are teaching their 
teenage children financial discipline by 
opening a building society account for 
them may be in fora shock ifthey choose 
• the Abbey National. 

The latest copy of the society's ACE 
magazine, sent free to about 250,000 
teenage account holders, contains an 
invitation 10 spend £6.99 a month on 
“The New You Beauty Programme" 
which promises “a brand new parcel of 
famous name- cosmetics every monthT 
along with “colour beauty books from 
the experts" — all at great- savings, of 

The loose colour, advertisement is 
enticing to teenage girls. On the front 
cover are pictures of three Plain Janes 
who are ' transformed into glamorous 
nymphete with "model igirl looks", 
presumably after graduating from the 
New You Beamy Pnogamrae. 

- The- inside display features a range of 
powders, sprays, brushes- and blushers 
that would grace, any chemist's counter. 
To respond to the advertisement, placed 
by a firm called Kingfisher Publishing, of 
Kettering, Northamptonshire, a teenager 
sends no money, but pays if she tikes the 
goods or returns them if she is not 
satisfied. - 

Further beauty packs at £6.99 each 
come every month cm the same basis, 
although the advertisement says mem- 
bership of the programme can be 
canceJledat any time. . . 

It seems strange, and not a little 
irresponsible, that one of our biggest 
building societies should be allowing 
ittelfto be used for marketing techniques 
of this son. 

According to the Wall's Pocket Money 
Monitor on television's Pocket Money 
Programme. £6.99 is roughly what a 
teenager might receive in pocket money 
every month. Wiihout any approval 
from a parent, a girl would be able to 
send for goods that would eat up her 
entire spending money and possibly 
some of the hard-earned savings she bis 
tucked away in her Abbey National 

Once the cosmetics arrive, it becomes 
bard for any parent to tell her daughter 
that they have to go back. And once they 
start dropping through the letterbox 
every month, it becomes ever harder to 
“drop out" of the programme before it 
finishes. Even if a parent agrees to a 
daughter following the course, there is no 
indication of when it will end, allowing 

Kingfisher uj send its cosmetics for ever J 

Andrew Kerr of Abbey said the society IlOIx! VOl 

is very selective about which advertise- «/ 

-merits it accepts to help defray the-costs - - . 

of ACE. a glossy 24-page publication This week saw a £50.000 
with the usual mix of teenage articles on - payout io Leslie Parsons, who 
pop. lash ion and sport Alcohol and made news a while ago as the 
cigarettes are strictly forbidden. Howev- man whose solicitor over* 
er. Mr Kerr said there have been no charged him by £131.000. • 

" n “ ab ° Ut The New Y “ u BeauI> The £50.000 represented a 
programme. cmiUmm. u„ i «... 

How you can get 
justice even 
from your lawyer 

He told The Times :' Tm sorry if it has 
caused offence to anyone because it's not 
our intention to encourage children to 
spend money in a. way their parents 
would not want them to. The oner has 
been in .-ICE three times and the general 
level of reaction bas been quite 

However. The Times has been able to 
strike one blow for responsible advertis- 
ing aimed at youngsters. Mr Kerr said 
that from now on he would insist that all 
“fliers" for The New You Beauty 
Programme would require an adult's 
signature before any goods could be sent 

Richard Lander 

£25 Watel > 

customer man “ 

Another insurance broker has 
been found to be negligent in 
advising his client to invest in 
the 01-rated Signal Life Gilt 
Bond and the customer has 
been awarded a full refmd of 
bar original investment, plus 
interest and costs. 

It is another victory for the 
Signal Life Investors Action 
Group (SLIAG), which is 
pursuing riai ms on behalf of 
its members who lost money 
when the Gibraltar-based 
company collapsed in 1982. 

A Mrs NGssen in Smses 
was awarded her foil capital 
investment of £5,000 pins j 
interest at the maximum IS 
per cent and her costs against 
broker Paid Benson, of 
Edenbridge, Kent The firm 
belongs to the British Insur- 
ance Brokers Association 

"Not rate investor who has 
taken legal action against their 
broker bas foiled to obtain 
satisfactory settlement and 
well over SO investors have 
now best compensated by 
their brokers," said John Pot- 
ter, co-ordinator of StlAG. 
"It seems that using a BIBA 
broker, has been a positive 
disadvantage for some inves- 
tors. Some BIBA brokers 
seem to be delaying compen- 
sating their Signal Life clients 
on the basis that it would 
prejudice their claim against 
their professional indemnity 
insurers, whereas many of 
those investors who placed 
money through unregistered 
insurance consultants have 
now been compensated by 
their brokets." 

Signal Life collapsed owing 
investors £6 million. Toe in- 
vestors in the gjU fund which 
had no trustees have success- 
fully pursued chums against 
their advisers, who. they say, 
were negligent in not estab- 
lishing find there were no 
trustees to it. 

Vatch the tax 
lan -■ he may 
get it wrong 

If )W WWt YPC (RlUlON, fol/yg $£&J 


In recent weeks taxpayers will 
have received assessments for 
unpaid lax or returns to be 
completed. Bui how do you 
know whether the amount 
being asked for is correct? . 

Unfortunately, it is not 
uncommon for tax inspectors 
to make mistakes when deter- 
mining our tax bills and this is 
hardly surprising given the 
tremendous backlog of work 
with which they are raced. The 
latest figures show that in 
October 1985 there were 6.2 
million unanswered letters 
and some inspectors had more 
than 600 letters which were 
more than two weeks old 
waiting to be answered. 

The problem of taxpayers 
who believe their tax aflairs to 
be in order only to be faced 
with an unexpected tax de- 
mand was considered by the 
Ombudsman Jn: -I97L As jl 
ie&nff of The Ombudsmans 
report life Inland Revenue 
introduced ait extra-statutory 
concession to -cover such 

. Under. , the. terms of the 
concession, tax may be wholly 
or partly waived if there has 
been a failure by the Revenue 
t o make proper and timely use 
of information supplied by the 
taxpayer. In other, words, the 
concession applies if the unex- 
pected demand for tax arises 
from the Revenue's error or 

The concession applies to 
arrears of both income tax and 
capital gains tax. According to 
Inland Revenue figures the 
concessionary relief wasjjrven 
in 5,365 cases in 1983 with a 
total of £1-3 million in tax 
being remitted. 

But this does not mean that 
the concession is a charter for 

savitqj tax in any case where 
the taxman makes a mistake. 
As the Ombudsman pointed 
out in his report: “A universal 
rule providing for remission, 
of lax wherever an. underpay- 
ment _ was attributable to 
Departmental error would not 
only be inconsistent with the 
statutory provision but would' 
be iinfeir to the general -body 
of taxpayers who had been 
paying the full tax due from 
them; under the law." 

As a result of the concession 
treatment will be refused un- 
less the taxpayer can demon- 
strate that he could reasonably 
believe his aflairs were fa 
order. In practice this can be 
the greatest stumbling block as 
the Revenue is likely to . argue 
that the taxpayer should have 
been aware his aflairs were .not 
in order. 

In -particular, any taxpayer 
who is professionally advised, 
or who hiptielf has a working • 
knowledge of tax law, wiU be 
harif , pressed -to obtain the 
relief as the .Revenue will 
almosi-ceriamly argue tharfae 
should have known his tax 
afiairawere 'nqtin Offtfec£‘~. *" 
A Revenue spokesman said 
there are no hard and fost rales 

The aim is to avoid 
causing hardship 

and every case is judged em its 
merits: And as the relief is 
purely concessionary there- is 
tittle that can be done if the 
relief is refused. A typical case 
where the concession might be 
applied would be a pensioner 
whose pension is increased 
with the full knowledge of the '! 
Revenue but because of ad- 
ministrative delay the tax is 
not collected for a number of i 
years. • 

- Another instance where a 
claim for the concessionary 

treatment- might succeed 
•would be where during the. 
changeover to- the MIRAS 
system of mortgage- jdief a 
taxpayer was given tax relief 
twice, once in hisUdlice of 
coding and once through 
MIRAS. - * 

However, the concessionary 
relief would be given only if it 
could be demonstrated that 
the taxpayer was not aware 
that excessive mortgage relief 
was being given perhaps be- 
cause the building society 
omitted to inform him that his 
mortgage payments had been 
reduced because of the 
changeover to MIRAS. 

The intention, of the conces- 
sion is to provide a measure of 
relief in cases where an unex- 
pected demand causes undue 
hardship and the amount of 
relief given will depend on the 
level of Ihe taxpayer's gross 
income (see table). 

If a taxpayer has a gross 
income of £8,500 or less the 
whole of the arrears will be 
remitted and tax will be 
partially remitted provided 
gross income is not more than 
£23,000. Special consideration 
may be given where a taxpayer 
with lar^e family responsibil- 
ities has income just above the 
normal limits. - 
The income limits for tax- 
payers aged 65 or over, or who 
receive a state pension, are 
increased by £2,500. So un- 
paid tax may be completely 

waived if gross income is 

£1 1.000 or less and is partially u. . ■ 

excused on incomes up to Si 

. the office. It may be that vou 

' ' . , only ever see or deal with a 

A colleague. Stephen Say of partner in the firm, although 
accountants Stoy Hayward, in feet the work ls carried oul 

This week saw a £50.000 Remember, too. that the 

payout io Leslie Parsons, who amount of time spent on your 
made news a while ago as the problem is a tremendously 
man whose solicitor over- important factor. Constant 
charged him by £1 3 1 .000. telephoning with trivia! inqui- 

TV rtnnnn . ries will usually cost monev. as 

The £50.000 represented a w ;n idle chit-chat 
settlement by the Law Society m ,0ie cftlWrnaL 
of a case bought by Mr Much will depend on sour 

Parsons on the grounds it had relationship with the panicu- 
failed to investigate his com- lar firm - whether you use it 
plaint against his solicitor regularly or are likely to be a 
properly. onc-ofT client. The valued. 

_. , , . . regular customer generally 

There are ways of checking get S better treatment. 

(bat your solicitor has not 

charged you too much, and As many solicitors operate a 
guidelines laid down stipulat- time-costing system charging 
ing the factors he is entitled to personnel out at so much per 
take into account in working hour, you should, once you 
out your bill. have found out who is to deal 

n,_ with your matters on a day-to- 

Whfeh is worth remSm biriSg S ^ J* few 

is the Solicitors Remuneration Very few 

Order 1972. And your most People dare ask th.s. 

important right in checking Figures are often bandied 

solicitor’s bills is to ask him to 

apply for a.remuneration cer- t T nnn |,i hillc ~, n 
nficate from tiie Law Society. Un pai d OiUS can 

The first thing to realize is accme * nterest 
that the Solicitors Remunera- , , . , 

tion Order applies only to j*bout as to how much per 
non -contentious matters, such hour solicitors cost, some 
as conveyancing or drawing ndiculously low. some high 
up a will, drafting a set of iron >° t u r T ^ and. you w -,11 

documents etc. Il does not find ouL The is w,de. 
apply to contentious matters You always have the right to 
such as litigation where in ask your solid tor to gel a 
effect your solicitor is fighting remuneration certificate from 
or opposing another party on the Law Society, stating what 
your behalf. - ihe society thinks is a fair and 

It stipulates various yard- reasonable charge for the work 
sticks which a solicitor can use ^ one ' n< ? 1 ^^mg 
to work out your bill. M^stR 
these are com monsense mat- jA 

ters such as the complexify of SSSiS? 1 *!!? hiJt 

the work, the time it took to ha e ^ r f lh b 
do it, whether it involved can 001 ^ increased. 

work at unusual hours! such as However, an estimated one 

weekends or nights, and the and a half million non-conten- 
leye] of responsibility it re- tious matters are dealt with by 
quired. The overriding re- solicitors every year. The an- 
quirement laid down by the swer therefore is to ask for a 
order is that the solicitor's certificate only if you genuine- 
charges must be fair and ly feci you have been 
reasonable. overcharged. 

There is nothing wrong with If you do not pay your bill 

asking your solidtor for an the solicitor cannot take legal 
estimate before he starts work action againsi vou until in- 
on your behalf. Ask also who forming you of your rights. 
which include an alternative 

Smaller cost for method ofchaUen « ins !hc bin - 
a junior’s work Y°“ lben have a 2Way 

J period of grace in whtch to 

k ....... .. nr j apply for the certificate. 1 f you 

fail io do this -within ihis 
mdifSS j£ h 5l°? P enod tlwn > ou forfeit your 
SSrt Jr ? d ill wI h oh "Eta*. The solicitor can charge 

on the unpaid bill 

summed up the problems that 
are faced in practice: “Al- 
though the Inland Revenue is 
genuinely sympathetic, most 
cases foil because the taxpayer 
cannot prove he had reason- 
able grounds for believing his 
aflairs were in order." 

Brian Friedman 

I in raw me worv is camea oui _r, - r lh :. —ri-j 

at a more junior level, with the a,,er n penoa * 
partner merely presenting that The alternative which is 
work as his own. also available where your 

» .i. .v- u .j solicitor has been handling a 

In foeory this should mean con tentious matter for you. is 
a smaller biU than if a partner I0 bave the bi || ~^ ed - bv a 
d!d ail thework himself, as High Court officer known as a 
seniority costs, money. For taxing master - it has nothing 
titisrrosonitratmportMtihat l0 ^ the In|an | 

wore finds its right level inside R even ue 
a soliritors' firm. 


Gross income 

Fraction of Arrears 
Collected Remitted 

£8,500 or less 



£8j500 to £10,500 



£10,500 to £13,500 



£13,500 to £16.000 



£16.000 to £23,000 



Over £23,000 



It is as well to be fairly 
relaxed about your impor- 
tance to the soliritors' firm 

This can cost money. If the 
taxing master does not knock 
at least 20 per cent off the bill 

f . iX you generally have to bear the 
j ork to - ^ costs of the taxation. The 

dealt with at the appropriate 
level even if this means that 
you do not get the red carpet, 
cigar and senior partner treat- 
ment every time you visit 
Otherwise, to keep you happy 

taxing master can increase the 
bill if he thinks you have not 
been charged enough. He 
must also report the solicitor 
to the Law Society if he thinks 

ZJ w you have been overcharged by 

; *1 lh ! more lhan 50 per cent, 

treatment ana a bigger bill _ _ 

Lawrence Lever 

than you expect 

i £ ~ 
7 ** 

■ i T i 

a .*» * 

I $ e* 

f - r 

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i a» » 

n : 

f VP- -f 

A . f 

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-ri/.' Sk & 


(5 **- 


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_>. 5 : 

If youVe £10,000 or more to invest, new Trident Super Gold 
pays rather more than your average “gold” account. 

8.80% net, to be precise. 

" offers the same access-without penalty-to the whole 
of your investment at any time. 

And well pay your interest monthly, if you wish (see table 
below for details). 

It’s as simple as that. No notice. No nonsense. 

. At a rate that currently leaves every other national building 
society somewhat up in the air. 

I 8 - 80 * 1 12 - 39 % t 


Minimum iiunjlimoimmi iHUJUO. Munililv iikpnwopnm ji X Jn'i.iXfiir^CA R.i. 

Rates nuvvjl)'. ' Cnu\ (t(uivj|i-mavmn)iiij|i MX piid Jl ."«i< Riml rail.-. lick jppn^njii- b»*\. 

□ cnchM chcqu: viW .»t Tn.Ui Sr r r 

uMnnmnm mu-Mnimt t ICJQC; maximum 1230^30 p, r a, umm). 

I would lilw my inuTiM pjkl:- □ AnmuiU □ Msmihly 

Inii-a-M id be:- □Adda! to ilie .Kumni □ P.iid irtlo im uur Bnuuui.i At siiunr n. , 

II sx«i reqiria- p-ij mem by chmuv rinnwl intctvst only) .rdiiva i» .1 bank account, plea* fr* in « ns-ns, 

neiMT Mfhl I1K lull deuihul Ihe Inlhmuig jIkihauvc inxtam Jucxx imeMnwa .u-cxirnv.. 

□ TriAmi G4J Acuum fS S 3 ih aim, minimum inxesmu-ni U5Cl- 
□Trideni Gold Flux Account lUS? : net. minimum imcxtiiKni I'fCCIi. 

I ul! nainefx) MrMivMiv. _ • • 


In lip <1 a Tr>d, Itl Sr J* rl j.itil -luinnn 

fthMiBBriunniJ Building W.FIOiT..Vk-w»Hi Honn*. lack. 
Stalls. STB 5ND.Il enclosing i i-Hopir, uit niin widi t„ lirw i 1 1 -<. 

P*'W U» Ilk- jdtuvw. hekiw; 

Building Society 

A V* HOL ^ - L! 1 KSV>l1 1 I .iSW Wl.M 1 5TAELISHI D !*>. 





America beckons again 

Results of WOO mweatnwrt baU ovw 

3nxSM m 1 T 



Our Unit Trust Savings Plan brings you the capital 
growth opportunities of the UK, USA, Europe 
and Japan. Investment begins at just £25 monthly 
and receives the full benefit of Gerical MedicalTs 
proven investment expertise. 

For full information, use our 

Free Linkline 0800 373909 

or return the coupon: 

Narrow PUm, Email BS2MB. 

FfesMr vend me deads of the Cknad Medial Unit 
Trun Pha. 



For the past two weeks Euro- 
pean institutional investors 
have been bearing one man's 
view of what Wall Street has 
in store for them this year. The 
man was Burton M. Siegel, 
chief investment guru of 
American investment bankers 
Dread Burnham Lambert. 
The message: the great steam 
engine known as the Ameri- 
can economy is about to start 
moving and the US share 
market will be pulled along 

From Zurich to London and 
Paris to Amsterdam, Mr 
Siegel told his clients it was 
time to get on board the train 
before the Dow Jones Indus- 
trial Average, currently in the 
late 1700s, moved forward to 
hit the 2,100 marie by the end 
of the year. 

So is this the right time for 
small investors to be climbing 
into one of the many Ameri- 
can unit trusts available? The 
answer from fund managers is 
a guarded yes. However, they 
say there appears no need to 
rush into the sector tomorrow 
and they warn that the returns, 
while quite healthy by historic 
standards, are unlikely to be of 
the startling size recorded by 
the best-performing unit trusts 
in many stock markets during 
the past year. 

Investors who had their 
money in American funds in 
the past year know only too 
well that getting the currency 
factor right is just as impor- 
tant as picking the best- 
performing stocks. Because, 
while the Dow Jones average 
steamed ahead by some 45 per 
cent during the past 12 
months, the dollar fell off its 
lofty perch and landed with a 
great bump. The pound's rise 
from SI .23 to $1.55 meant 
that more than half of that 
market rise was wiped out 
when it came to repatriating 
the profits — unless of course a 
fond hedged its earnings by 
selling forward in the currency 

One trust that hedged its 
commitments almost to the 

final cent and peony was the 
aptly named Gartmore 
Hedged American Fund. As a 
result it rained 31.4 per cent 
on an oner-to-offer basis to 
place it third best performer in 
the sector. However, it seems 
unlikely that this type of 
blanket hedging win reap such 
benefits for investors this year. 
Most expert opinion says that 
the dollar at long last is finding 
its feet and should stabilize or 
perhaps improve a little. For 
the first time in recent years 
American goods can be priced 
at sensible levels in overseas 
markets while imports to the 
United Stales are losing their 
competitive edge. 

“The dollar is now looking 
at the cheap end of the range 
and is at a reasonable level 
which should help America 
reduce its trade deficit,” said 

Brian O'Neill of Gartmore. 

Mr O'Neill admits that a 
rising dollar would hurt inves- 
tors in the hedged fund. 
However, he is alio able to 
pull from his other sleeve the 
other Gartmore American 
fond which at the moment is 
half hedged and half 
unhedged. This trust rose 25.1 
per cent over the last year, still 
comfortably above the 16J 
per cent sector average. 

Over at Touche .Remnant, 
William Vincent has now 
dehedged the TR American 
Growth Fund which fared best 
of all during the past year with 
a 50.4 per cent rise. M We were 
hedged 70 per cent for most of 
last year till the end of the year 

*Tlie dollar is at a 
reasonable level 9 

- then we gradually cut down 
by leaving the size of the hedge 
unchanged as the fund grew 
from £1 million to £4 
million.” he said. 

Mr Vincent, who also ex- 
pects the dollar to bottom out 
pretty soon, seems to be 
picking his shares wisely as 
well. In unhedged form, the 
TR Fund has risen 22 per cent 
in the past three months by 
jumping into and out of the _ 

wiTuA'-* t 

^ ~T / /// 

/ • i ; : ■ ' 

' -s 

' • • 


Wall Street: Ifs all starting 
market where opportunities 
presented themselves. New 
issues, such as investment 
bank Morgan Stanley and the 
MS. Carriers trucking firm, 
have brought sizeable gains 
which have a marked effect on 
a trust as small as this rate. 

The fond has also fared well 
in financial stocks, such as 
savings banks, brokerage 
houses and fund management 
groups, which have rocketed 
ahead as American interest 
rates have fallen. Now Mr 
Vincent is looking at issues 
more sensitive to an economic 
upturn, although be says Wall 
Street may take a bit of a 
breather before moving higher 
from mid-summer when cor- - 
porate earnings should begin 

Mr O'Neill is also expecting 
a rise in the market in the 
second half of 1986 and said 




An All-Out Capital Growth Investment for Y>u 

F ramlington European Fund aims for 
maximum capital growth through invest- 
ment in shares quoted on the principal 
European stock markets. 

Europe is now one of the most popular areas 
for investment. But it is a diverse and complex 
market: for investment success strong links with 
the continent are highly desirable. Framlington s 
are with Credit Commercial de France, enabling 
us to combine CCFs expertise and knowledge 
of the European market with our own eminently 
effective approach to long term capital growth. 

Our special style is to concentrate cm smaller 
companies and try to identify those with really 
good growth prospects before the rest of the 
market recognises their promise, aiming for 
exceptional capital growth performance. 

The results of this have been good, especially 
over the long term. 


The two previous Framlington funds which have 
most closely followed this approach have been 
Capita] Trust, investing in UK. shares; and 
American and General Fund, investing in the 
US. A. Both have done well. 

Over the ten years to 1st April Framlington 
Capital Trust was the very best performing of 
all the 275 unit trusts monitored by Money 
Management over the period. It turned an 
original investment of £1,000 into £11,1 50. 

And over seven years, our American & 
General Fund (started 1978) was one of the 
two best performing unit trusts oat of the 27 
investing in North American shares. It turned 
£1,000 into £3,639. 

The manager of the fund is Philippe Herault, who 
has been seconded from Credit Commercial de 
France. He is our link into CCFs research, while 
working in London with the other Framlington 
fund managers. 

The fund will have a bias towards smaller 
companies: it is, for example, authorised to 
invest in the French Second Marcbi. 

In geographical terms the current em p hasis of 
investment is on France ( 36 per- cent ), Germany 

(14 per cent) and Switzerland (14 per cent) with 
smaller holdings in Sweden, Italy, Holland, 
Spain and Belgium. There is currently a sub- 
stantial flow of new money into the fund. As 
this is invested, the proportions will change. In 
particular; the proportion invested in Germany 
is likely to be increased. The fund has powers 
to invest in Britain but will not do so for 
the present. 

\bu can make a lump sum investment simply 
by completing the form below and sending it 
to us with your cheque. Units are allocated at 
the price ruling when we receive your order 
The minimum investment for a lump sum is 
£500. There is a discount of 1 per cent for 
investments of £10,000 or more. 


S tarting a monthly savings plan is 
equally easy. The minimum is £20 
per month, with a discount of 1 per 
cent for contributions of £100 or 
more. Accumulation units are used and are 
allocated-at the price ruling on the 5th of 
each month. To start your plan, complete the 
application and send it with your cheque for 
the first contribution. Subsequent contribu- 
tions are by the direct debit mandate which 
we shall send to you lor your signature. 

Investors should regard all unit trust invest- 
ment as long term. They are reminded that the 
price of units and the income from them can go 
down as well as up. 

By 24 April the price of units had risen 
18 per cent to 59-Op, compared with 50.0p 
when the fund was launched on February 14. 
The estimated gross yield was 0.86 per cent. 

Applications will be acknowledged; certificates for 
lump-sum investments will be sent by the re gistra rs, 
Lloyds Bank Pk. nonnally-within 42 days. 

The minimum initial investment is £500. Units may 
be bought and sold daily Prices and yields will be 
published daily in leading newspapers. When units are 
sold back to the managers payment is normally made 
within 7 days of receipt of the renounced certificate. 
Savings plans can be cashed in at any ilme. 

Income net of basic rate tax is distributed to holders of 
income units annually on 15 July The first distribution 
will be on 15 July 19&7. 

The annual charge is 1% (+ VAT) of the value of the 
fund. The initial charge, which is included in the offer 
price, is 5%. 

Commission is paid to qualified intermediaries at the 
rate of 144% (plus VAT). Commission is not paid on 

The trust is an authorised unit trust constituted by 
Trust Deed. It ranks as a wider range security under the 
Trustee Investments Act, 1961. The Trustee is Lloyds 
Bank Pic. The managers are Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. 3 London Will Buildings, 
London EC2M 5NQ. Telephone 01-628 518L 
Telex. 8812599. Regist e red in England No 89524L 
Member of the Unit Trust Assodarioa. 

This offer is not open to residents of the Republic of 
Ireland. . . . 



I wish to invest 


in Framlington European Fund 
(minimum £500) 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unit 
Management Limited. I am over 18. for accumulation 
units in which income is reinvested, tick here □ 


Full first nameis) 

I wish to start a Monthly Savings Plan for 

r in Framlington European Fund 

*** - (minimum £20) 

1 enclose my cheque for £ for my first 

contribution (this can be for a larger nmnrwit than 
your monthly payment). I am over IS. 

v details separately) 

3HEVJ W Diij ill) U ft V alRiT 

Abbey American Gnawlh 

Abbey US Emerging Cos 

Afied Dunber Am Spec Sit 
Anted puntwr Amer Income 
Aflied Dunber See Of Amer 

Aibuthnot Porttoflo US 
Aflama American Spre Garth 
Atlanta CanarSan 
Baltic America 
Ba r Ua y u nt c America 
Baring RretN American 
Barrington North American 

BG America' 

Bridge American & General 
Britannia American Sro Cos 
Britannia American Growth 
Britannia American Income 
Brawn SNptoy-N American 
Canada Growth 
Cannon North American 
County Bank North American 
Crown American 
CS America 
Dunettin North America 
Eagle Star North American 
EFM American 
Equitable North American 

Equity & Law North America 
FSC American 
fideSty Amer Equity Income 
RdeMty American Sped Sits 
Fidetty American 
Bekfing American & General 
FramHngton American Gen 
Framtington American Tmd 
GAM North America 
Gartmore American 
Gartmore Hedged American 
Govett American Growth 
Gtwett American Income 
ORE North American 
Growfund American 
GT Technology & Growth 
GT US & General 
Gukmass Mahon N American 

Hambros Canadian 

Hambros North American 
Henderson Amer Sm Cos 
Henderson American Rac 
Henderson North American 
HBi Samuel JDoNar 
Hofcom North American 
James Capei North American 
Ktanwort Ben Amer Gwth 
LAS North American Equity 
Lawson American Growth 





1127. . 



«33 ' 

■ '.* . 



' ; 1*3 


110.7 . 




V 1543 


7173 ' 


1253 ' 








. ’ 

1174 " 




' 1109' 



*203 - 








“ ' - 



. 1083 


' 1222 . 





112.1 - 







1225. - 







to happen, say tire experts OTlBStowai . 1145 1223 \ 127 J 

the Dow Jones averageshould Gukmass Mahon N American 112JB SH '-i- ’■ S2 * 

make 2.100 by the end of the US 

war Hnwpvpr he- oank that Hambros North American 11W ttas 

year. However, he wants that Henderson a^s^cos 1073 1093 1103 

investors should not expect Henderson American Bee 108.1 -m3. ...1403 

too much more than that Henderson North American . 107.1 Hft8 _ - 1324 

"because the American eco- HM&mueipoter 1109 .116JJ- - -IJO^ 

noraic recovery is a selective , 1Li 

art- rirafir ,„t James Cape! North Amoncon * 116*8 106a 

one. “The recent housing fig- SwortBen Amer Gwth . . ill 3 127.4;,. 

t a . - LAS North American Equity 1174 • 1283 

lecnnology IS Lawson American Growth - 10U -1033 • 

back in favour 1*2 uii . 

77T . uoyds Life US Growth - 1102 1124 =. : .t 

ores were good but the ofl and London & Manchester America 117.1 

farm sectors are soil looking M8G American & General 11CL6 12&5 tte2 

negative. Also there are likdy MSG American Recovery tiLB 1214 J57.5 

to be fewer leveraged buyouts MiG American Shieaar Cob 114.1 ; .• 1264 

and mergers than we saw tacr ManoAfe North American . 1124 . 1152 ,• .. 

vear " Mercwy American Growth TOSS . .123.7 f553 

Vi^f r Sd t Mr hi O’N^' re IS . ■ $3 ( . 

Vincent and Mr OTNeul are mimus Special Features 115.6 HB5 ’ 

now looking with more fevour mim us Spetid feoome 106.1 1153 ■ • 

is technology, an almost tin- Murrey American ... 1063 1153 '1563 

mitigated disaster last year New Coin America 1073 . 125.1'*.' : ii&4 

after the boom days of the ' NPf Americas ..." lltj 

early 1980s. • Oppenhetmer American Gwth . 1143 ' 12&4 

, - , Perpetual American (hxwth 1183 123.T " - 

The trauma was so bad that PrafeOc American kiconw 1124 

one fund group. Sentinel, PraMc North American. 1133 ' 1241 . 'WA 

revamped and tooadened its ftw Capitol North American 1103 - 1213- ' 

technology trust, renaming it Rowan America . . 1120 1222 '1293 

the American Technical and R°yrt|^unfM States 1153 • 

General fund. The high risk 

nn i;ct»r ctnrw 1 , 0 _-j SSP ArTOrican Inc & Growth 1073 1183 

stocks have gone and suPOnHudStafee Growth - 1114 'rliM ? -1384 

the technology weighting is saw American ' • . 1123 1123 -1873 

down to- 45- per cent with Schroder American 1127 1223.-- ms 

secondary growth slocks fill- SdmxtorUSi Smafar Co» - - 1123. . 1112 .' 1 

ing tnuch of the portfolio. - -- Scot Equitable Acnwtoni 1113 

has not moved out of tedrnol- scottidi North American 1053 1103 

Ogy at the wrong time, Senti- Scottish North American income 1042 

nel fund manager Hugh Sentinel American Technology ' - 1137 830 713 

Young said: “I. think the worst Sentinel American Majors 113.1 1274 

is over fw the technology StVtaoentUS&owth *■-,’"'.‘■..118.1 1093 

sector but stocks in this group 122.0 1427 

will still have the problem of 117 

not having enough resources f tw H?^ mBl i c ? l ? ow ** 1 

Sun Lde-Amerfcan Income . ... 1163 

to take projects beyond re- Target American Eagle ‘1072 1083 1053 

search and development Target Technology 1043 ' • 105.1 

While he does not expect TR American Growth „ 1223 1504 

any fireworks with hiTSw - ^ 

policy, tte resulB liave been KtSSilSL mi * 

encouraging so for with a 15 vanguard American & Gen "1133 

per cent nse since January ‘wardtoy American .. 1074 111.0 ’ 1414 

after a 25 per cent nosedive Waverfey Canadtan Growth 1214 

last year. average 1123 1153 : .1354 

Richar d L and er * Offer to attar, /neome not mim ma tad Some: Planned Savings Magazine 



Probably tibe best way yet devised 

Farfiil] details, telephppeor write toNicolas Bpwater 
*ITie minimum investment ia £50.000 - . 


Members ofThe Stock Exchange 
01-248 S446 ' . 

86 Hoibom Viaduct, 

London EClA 2EU and Edinburgh 

' Tycsc 886653 PROCURG ’ . 
Mmberrtfthe ANZ Gfoiip ' ' 

• A-v p, 

W UVr 


' TV , 



ii feartj.*. 


£*-»■* < *#-- 
f Mmmm i 




lav vet - -' 


gig demand 

HKely for new 

Standard trusts 


afe/rniHeRofitose . 
'MHNei> 'm-bewcrmz 
cwftmives — 

good fr** "“such a 


J^Stendartfs impressiwe 

ne w unit 

U^MaJ ??SS f be demand 


ej^sover £ 25 , *o. Minimum 

""estment in each trust Is £1 ,000 


Edinburgh EH 2 aczT ® 8 


■ A Guide to Inheritance Tax — And 
Htw To Avoid It, available free from 
Hly 6stment advisers Towry Law, 
contains everything you need to know 
snout the provisions oontained in this 
year s Budget, as well as the basics such 
as the rate at which the tax is applied. 



teams of Inland Revenue auditors are 
touring the country in an effort to find 
hidden benefits suppfed by empowers 
to their staff- There is growing evidence 
that these PAYE audit teams are 
suggesting that car parking facilities 
provided by employers for their staff 
come within the tax net Those most at 
risk are employees whose employ 
reimburses the cost of car parking near to 
their offices - the Revenue’s view is ; 

that toe expense of the car park is part of 1 
the cost of getting to work and Is not i 

tax-deductible, while maintaining that the j 
reimbursement sbouW be treated as 
toe employees’ income under the banefits 
in kfnd legislation, says the ToUay’s 
article. Others potentially at risk are those 
who receive a ticket or pass to a car 



TbpUKmanagers get together 

with the woridl top economy in 
a new investment summit 

%dz Tax program 

Cleaner breaks 

■ Divorce is a wearing experience 
even when the separation Is amicable. 
When there Is acrimony between the 
two partners it can be heH. And after the 
cftadren, money is toe biggest source 
of contention. It is also very compficated. 
and trying to grasp the essentials at a 

■ The Inland Revenue has at last 
acknowledged that the tax system is so 
complicated you need a computer to 
understand it. The latest offer from the 
tax man is a microcomputer program 
called "Tax-Ed" designed to show young 
people how toe income tax system 
works. Presumably the Revenue is 

Copies can be obtained from Towry Law, 
Towry Law House, High Street 
Windsor, Berkshire SL4 ILX (Windsor 

free from chartered accountants 
Haines Watts, called Financial and 
Taxation Arrangements on Divorce 
and Separation, h covers the basics, 
though anyone with a compficated 
situation wa dearly need personal advice. 

Copies of the booklet can be obtained 
from Haines Watts, Sterling House, 60-62 
Kings Road, Reading, Berkshire RQI 
3AA (Reading 5841 11). 


Plain sailing 

Low-start loans 


■ If you are a first-time home-buyer 
having difficulty affortfing mortgage 
repayments on the property you want 
to buy. it might be worthwhile looking at 
the new low-start scheme from the 
Peckham Building Society. Interest 
charged in the first year is only 10.25 
per cent 10.75 percent in the second 
year, 11 per cent in year three and 
1 1 .25 per cent thereafter. Maximum loan 
is £55,000 and you can borrow up to 
95 per cent of tne purchase price. If you 
are not sure that totals the best deaf 
tor you, your best bet is to get In touch 
with John ChanxH, a firm of spedafist 
mortgage brokers who have every deal 
currently available on their computer. 
They can pinpoint exactly the right mort- 
gage deal for your special circum- 
stances with straight repayment 
endowment and pensfon-Jinked loans 
an on Offer- 

Details of toe Peckham low-start 
schema can be obtained from Peckham 
Building Society, Graylaw House, I 
Copers Cope Road, Beckenham, Kent 
BR3 INBfln-658 7221). 

But if you want toe complete run-down 
on an the mortage offers avaHabie and 
toe best one tor you, -contact John 
Charcot, 195 Kmghtsbridge, londonSW7 
(01-589 2626V 

■ The reputation of the Inland 
Revenue people for being absolute 
terriers when rounding up the last 5tde 
bit of unpaid tax seems to be running 
ahead of them at the moment 
Rumours have been rite that toe Revenue 
was seeking to have tax deducted 
under PAYE on the payments made to 
voluntary fifeboatmen. In answer to a 
parttarnentary question on the subject, 
John Moore, Financial Secretary to 
the Treasury, said; "The only payment 
made to the vast majority of volunteer 
crewmen and helpers is the fee they 
receive when called out to attend the 
lifeboat Contrary to soma recent reports, 
the Inland Revenue has not proposed 
any change In the tax treatment of these 
payments. Indeed, the Revenue 
advised the Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution' last year that, as in the past 
these payments to voluntary fifeboatmen 
could continue to be made without 
deduction of tax under PAYE. That 
remains the position.” 

The Revenue confirms that these 
payments to voluntary Rteboatmen are 
taxable and details or such tees 
should be included in yearly tax returns 
each year. 

The parking perk 

■ Deskbound executives with car 
parking privilages should watch out tor an 
unpleasant tax bid, warns the latest 
issue of Today's Practical Tax. “Zealous : 

they are oto enough to have to pay it 

"Most people regard the income tax 
system as complicated and somewhat 
mysterious, but In fact for mast people 
it fa straightforward," said John Williams 
of the Inland Revenue Education 
Service. "Generally once a person's tax 
allowances are deckled, PAYE settles 
down to a predictable, easily understood 
routine which operates according to 
set rates." 

The Tax-Ed Program is available, 

£7.60, for use on BBC Model B 
Microcomputers, from the inland 
Revenue Education Service, PO Box 10, 
Wetherby, West Yorkshire. LS23 7EH. 

American cover 

■ The problems of drivers who rent 
cars while traveling in toe United States 
have been aired many times in Family 
Money, in the United States drivers are 
not obliged to carry unlimited third 
party Babffity cover and as a result, rf you 
are involved in an accident you may 
have damages awarded against the other 
driver but you will probably find that he 
is unable to pay because he is uninsured 
or underinsured. Similarly, tew 
holidaymakers realize that standard hire 
car insurance policies in the States do 
not cover you tor unlimited third party 
liability, so if you injure someone else, 
you could beheld personally liable tor any 
damages awarded against you. 

American Express has gone some 
way towards providing a measure of 
cover against these eventualities with 
a policy which Gives cover of uo to 

person. However, tne compensation you 
can claim if an uninsured driver injures 
you is limited to $100,000— not a tot if 
you find yourself permanently 
crippled. The only answer is to take out 
accident Insurance in this counfry 
before you go. Details from American 
Express travel offices! ttv ” - : ■ tz.~ * 


No we don't recommend the been so successful 
big stick. But it’s only one. For that local 

We recommend the grass roots, knowledge has to be combined with 
Take the USA for example experience and investment expertise 

WeVe discovered that if you want . before it can be used quickly and 

to make bigger than average returns you profitably 

have to move some of your investments 
off the beaten track. ’ 

You have to know the successful 
local companies and be able to spot 
movements in demand at a local level. 
Our staff are locally placed to do 

just that « 

They live, work and go to baseball 

matches' with the people who could 
affect your investment 

That’s one reason r /|J^\UNr 
why our US Funds have 

ments No-one in the City has more 

experience, expertise and solid success 
:essful behind them than MIM. Which is why 

spot we can move so quickly, adventurously 
J level and safely for our investors. 

1 to do And not only in the US. 

But also in Japan, in Europe and 
isebaB in every market our trusts cover 
Duld If you’d like proof of how much 
• •• . • harder our investment 

\UNITTRGST~1 managers work, get 
/MANAGERS E® ; ; in touch. 


f '■ UOc^cmshire SetJ^I London F.C2M4]YR.Tel:Gl-6Zfc *1434. ’• 

MLA Unit Trust Management - : v 

responsible for the long-term success 
of MLA General Trust, one of the UK’s — 
t op-performing funds. The USA - the " 

world's leading economy. It’s a „ Tj l 

combination, for exciting investment . j 1 1 

performance. .. 

Impressive market 

The enduring tacts about the Unwed I 
States as an investment market are always 

impressive America s stock exchanges trade * * * ■■ ■ 

50"ti of the worlds shares The capitalist ethic tuns deep: shares are 
more widely held by individuals than in any other major economy 
The home market is huge, an engine of production and consumption 
which can, at favourable exchange rates, drive a vast export 

Amenta is still the world's major innovator - in hkirechnolpgv. 
communications and robotics for example And Americans have the 
happy ability to aim hi- lech innovation into profits quicker than 
most of die rest of the world. 

Besides worldwide manuka tiring and trading giants such as 
IBM. General Motors, HrrtJ aud ITT, the US hustles with hundreds 

aClhousands of small entrepreneurial _ 

businesses, many of which will he T I fP TO 
the major successes of tomorrow The c; — ■ _ . 

growing service sector is especially > vXLTi 

strung in such areas as hotels, last y 

food, car rental, entertainment and j JyjmM u 

software f., ^ 

Rising profits 

Current marker factors point firmly to the Untied States as an 
encouraging place for mvestraent turn The easing ot the dollar 
dtmng the past few months has made American exports lahvjys 
noted for their high qualiryj cheaper abroad. Corporate profits are 
predicted to rise. The Strategic Defense Initiative (Star Wars) 
programme has stimulated an enormous activity in high-tech 

Newest MLA trust 

Aj^iinst this very favourable background. MLA Urm Trust 
Management are launching their newest fund: MLA American Trust 
The Managers' atm is to build up a portfolio which will 

□uijn Itin- r- «i iluip ' ■ ■■ 

mchkM m It* uttf, prur. jnd Jn anraojl 

nunjfjoimiiliMXr ct is- iplu, ita 
j upm vilu, ul ttw l«u>» fund Iht.iv 
dntunml hai-urJitr huni Ihr iilor ul ihr 

Tin Iwwt la nw I hr nyw n 't >hr 


lntcmwdhria Cvavrewiin n |ind >a 
Kttiawd mrimrdunrx rjtev j,r jwiI jM- 

DMribailaa Mn Irnoror .ill (he dnrrittuind 
WNtui mi rthh Frhiuirv jni Jltl 
itajrav Thr biM d»lnhui<m ppn,<d vnfl ran 
loilvaiM Pftrwbri. luwxid ih- ht.t 
<W4,*wivo«'ofl hr nudr t« Mh Wrum 
IVH 7 

DuUm Ujwv nr .jhird jntd dun m dj,h 
Anv Mdrr- nil h. dr.h mh m ihr pau- 
mkaK an 'hr dale H reneqn id iiNnx'T 
(*ntrs ant tnrld air imuIK puHirtird in ihr 
Hnancul lira-, and Thr lmn. 

MUnitnflttv la vrB vtror urn. unplr ugji 
rhr imn cmnicair and muF" " m ihr 
Miru^rts Hhu Mill <nd n« j rh^nr rnihm 
^tm urti"Gii>r. Lhtn. mil Iw taught had 
a< nna Wv,itun Ihr M prvr ultidand to 
JCcokIuct with ita lomtala cMMamrd m ihr 
Trau LVrd 

Tar n» tnh' oat- i.n apdal a'atiK ia, xn a> 

ntin-'inr,. iTll'hnhtrr*. |av I,* laptfjl 

unk-tihriri.alt bHalottapiljl j^inrt 

Thr in. v»iiinrd n, tin. 

jth rttH*mnj> rt hjad'W- u> ptrvn’iViwd 

>«rb| imdnrtandnir (d lnijnd krtwor 
fta’K Jttd unin la, 

Thr TnMDrnl hi 'h» rtctn .a iiiniir 
<hji'jrr\ laciiftrtii h fltr ytirtjn 

aa«r In, ludr and liidihiTO ntmJi nutr 
[■••wn M. tlirKTiiin|*.« pm, kra tn 
■ t-jlmp h> t}ne Maiu«r<s<n ita iiiMrrun 
kvhall ,4 'hr lni- 1 ,4 .1 m i iiTiri'i i lunjrr* ui 
inmiMiH im Winthd mtuiitr , itavai i. iaTO,l> 
air ndrd up JUr ityti-i'Mi.l tacJunoru, 
Hriocmwil Opt**! lnhiupr or mlv 
kunrmi marl-i. rtv Mjuar., 

«oi nulr vpiuldr joKnlmia.lullh- lta>' 

Ovd »nl,w Ihrit.iviF Mlbr imotinldrn. 

Ttnlrr lladUud kknil Itu-' Owpam 

UaiWiemt VIA L im Imu 'Ojiu^mmr 
itanv ita "aliin: lunw .it Ml. I hiiruiamt 
Mand 0 -mn» tumirdi ■« Initjuillm^ 
Maidsmr hrMVVU IV 111 TOU?«t.-irT» 

HrefJnr J m tiif^iod V> IJ 4 Jtal Krvh’rml 

I'lhir -V Ihd Uorrii Mirr' -H l JH\ 

generate above -average growth in the capital 
value of your investmenr. Yields are not ex- 
pec ted to he high, especially in the early years 
Nt ^ The majority of the Trusts investment will 

v . normalfy be In US common stocks. Up to n5% 
v can ** m o’her American markets The 

V Managers may also seek growth in Canada. 

where the resource -based economy sometimes 
*?■' “ produces sranliiig opportunities. 

To P investment management 

- * MLA American Trust is launched b>‘ one of 

Pntarns tup urm irusr management teams who have already proved 
themselves m the market MLA General Trust, investing primarily in 
UK shares, has grown an average of 33 o'ht a year since launch. Ir is 
the (op-perfontting UK trust of all over a T-year period {Money 
Management. April ]9MB) 

■nir av I’tltr tii-bhJ him tmlhJinz n^mrUiJ rib Viw, ume luu m* Jimt l>3.p 

How to invest 

Ybu mat’ buy uniLsat the olfeT price of 25p until 9rh May. 108 A. 
and aiterwanls at the. offer price ruling on receipt of your 
remittance The minimum investment is 1500. 

Simply till in ihe Application 

_____ Horm below and send it to the 

- pvjr- i ltnitc THR FF Managers with your cheque for 
extra Lull 19 riVLijLi (he full amount you wish to 

k If you invest before ,nwM 

I n.v. sd-v., moc When vour investment » 

- 9thMa y- 1 , 9 ^ 6 _ received beiore Hth May. ihe 

■ V a fl .t iF ia ai . T . Managers will add the following 

On investments of £500 - £4,909 - 1*k» extra units FREE 
On investments of £5,000 - £9,999 - I’A% extra units FREE 
And for investments of 110,000 or more - 2% extra units FREE 
A contract note wilt he issued immediately and your umr 
certificate will be despatched w-tthm six weeks 

You should remember that the pner of units and the income 
from them can go down as well as up 

However, the Managers are confident that continuing growth 
prospects in the USA are such that you have an excellent 
opportunity to see your money grow in the new MLA American Trust 

Sterling L*llrT ptirr ’5/* F r l rw^r, ,/ 'Urtm# ytrU 1 1*" 

j — — Application Form 


[ Tho iraiul ottrr ji Zip jwr umi. Mill clior an **th kui. Utah Atirr the dov! nl iheuHn ■ 

I um'v will he 4\aiLiWr ji ihr A)ilr quin r d Thr MurMprr'- »vnr rtw nRhr M nnh I 
•trji» thr uder il thr price hj* mrot up or doni by mow than - -s, hnm <he above price ( 
| Tin MLA Unit Trust Ma n ag e ment, 99-100 Sand ling Road, i 

I Maidstone. Kent M£14 1 XX. Tel: 0B22 674751. | 

I I xvr>h hi imrsi t - in MLS Snkrnun Tniji at iVir- oltrr pnee rt r>p pvr . 

1114 or al the rttter peer pir' aihiq; >«i ihedair o( iccvipf. it alter the mtri hjt diKcd t 

I Wr endow a cheque made payoMe In MLA Unit Truu MnMgemem. ' 

I lMimmatu CSt>T| t We +-cUre mat l am we ate iact U* I 

I am an etwlmj: mmhofdrr Vcr NO ' _ * _ J 

I Ph-ase. uck hux Jl mu icquiieanconK in bejunTnied m lunhrr urns . 

•Soar I\|I M, . »S-s lnlri | 

-vruoun- — . - — '■* «-■ -■ 

pi * 1 «Tliu*l‘ 'hudd taih uev J'lt lUJih wpjturhi ihr. ■mr.-tiHT ' p niwa'iiUhlrx 

'ta KtanIWt ill talmd Ul « l.hvl T'b-« UMayrsKm »j uvrmtar .h ,*» InM Amor>.u>i>n 

I 'ta Ktanhta lUlwtarol lh«l T'u" UrufrnKm hjnnnln .h ita l.wr Iiim A«f 
IMPtiRHNT - mnrmv ^avisos U w» prrirr. am o.n mu *• HUlr 04 a 
mmlti rncaiaHc Inlhvora MLASpirnun Tiw W**fN.L bnlnrdruilh ~ 

I PtK-HJSAl PfcNMOS. Toucan jKc Ink ita tinman limd 
j Uupimoil (mlm (lu nm tact In tadiudL TTM 

A Major UnitTrust 
Launch from 
Standard Life: the new 
Managed Trust 


Standard Life's new Managed Trust offers 
you investment oppcroirdties cm a truly initr- 
national scale. By profiting from investments 
in different companies, markets and countries, 
over the medium tn longterm you could expect 
real capital growth. 


With Standard Life, unitholders can mate* 
im - estments all round the world. 

Theresa team ofexpertssearchingfc? great 
(^jporturrities, and bringing you the benefits of 
StandartlLtfe's worldwide investment expertise. 




Specialist unit trusts are based onthe 
idea that experts do the day-today buying and 
selling. Deriding which part of the world offers 
most oppomffjlty is left tn the investor and 
that's difficult 

Standard Life's Managed TVust. bouFver. 
lakes aD investrrtenl dectsionsoff y-our shoulders. 
Their experts will choose when? to invest your 


cf the best oppormnines worldwide 


. LooJ^badcmvrthebrften>«\Test- 
ing in the nialian LK unit trust has produced 
substantially better returns than thosearailaUe 
from Building Societies or National Savings 
CertifiratK. Investment in Standard Life's 
Managed TYust offers you the prosjieri of real 
growth ov’er the medium to kmg term with ihe 
managed across aB markets by professional 

1\Tdle the Managed TVust wfl] appeal ro aB'staikir-niade for the first-rimp buyer 


There aro bonuses for tm'esting straighi ' 
awBty, You get 2% more units for your money if 
you buy before I5th May, 1086, inrfii extra ifjriu 
bqy betweenMaj' lfkh and 31st. 

Thwe are also honises far imtstmenlsot'er 
SlO.WX»: iVestra for every SLIXK) until you gpr 
units for every extra thousand pounds. 

i root of this advenisemerS!. ami send ii direct to 
lilftw buy units ihrough yf.ur usual ftraneial advisor. 

and 5pm on arn' hianess day: call FREEPHOVE 

\1*TE> Tlk’tal'J' •■Iiin'lMliJi.t I'l'.iT'il i?.JiH»|ij-w.-ltaW 

. V ' Inj i jn Ice- uni 1 ' .ii jm K'-t.jW*- it-ahm: <L)i Tt- 

mimninn WM nil— JUp-oii-iliM* j'r-iu».tal.ii.inaniTUl.fiir'l»T 
mi— -Titaui. iJ iVc •« ir.iin- ji jm iht. 

. . NjKitiM Lik- a >11 1— 

jl B?hI( ?T|. r— *'it- uta- iu> ur-l .a'"*! f.rm JIK3 .--ihI 

v« • VciiFirji. .< I ni! - RViiin T— w— k- 

\ " Vai-irti-^l JTtl- "i 1 J'r tar—, la- la^nwlh j- II—- 

/' - \ £Mf*’v- sw an C-tiifa , ai"4lWr» Vim 

i \ ii m v v.inim) Ijta \ V* r— i.ifci^ .i ita urnr- 

— t \ to r-ta- 1 *iU i— •— m »• i-.ii ■•ituii — »• i »i»iii«!'ti • ,4 

V.«j am tail urm rlrr— r. •* ifi-.AiEt- i>«jf Imapn.*! 
I J. Cf^ \ rtilr-< rf f» *-t I.^.njl: ,r' d-jU-r Wrk ■ |i-U».*r' 

V«0I.O V ^ -i» ■* *i.vuwjm fi— i ■, [vr-jU- tagiuliti 
[J ' me rt.i^rnv-l^ta- . r"— j'.IjI* -• ~j-»- i 

Tta Tnf» .<:h V.’im’iltlum l pj- in- ■mu' i- 

V**- .Miimulnatli Tvmi-.i'-l .iiai v- t« r^n— 1 m ita j«v'- ,>! 

>ta «nrj 

m i., in ...t Tta »- .1 an buiu' »'» ■ ■ • lu»*i-i -I ■■■■irfW.iXliwini ■<"'!" -r 

THE NEW MANAGED alt ja-1i ta It W .n Ita -JI. z 1 1-1 1 ui taita ■»?. a 

TRI 1ST HAS 1 fifl YV A RS HP n.imlhic jtiBi.imoni lfi . v 1 'ilnrtta luu-c-r r-» LiV-tartnm 

CTAkmrn Ui ^^niuc-iaM.j.jnn.-ir oin.-UTi.n-taiaru-.^ta 

JlAIMU i UCU ulrbt S) Tra.>! v rr,4i* TrL j ita.mai Tta Tria Fta,1 in— uta- W 

EXPERIENCE BEHIND IT j nunnun. Jam- . •( -ill !■ . t*. ^ 1 tar J!-H Jin <i hi • WT « i-» 

win J - M > * ua II.WU- I.TO4PS Ita taJi m-jir. i-|.r.r.i%- 1|.|~ n.-rotr. n-4..- 

The Managed Trust Is new, but Ihe record riT -tn «i-Ui — s*. •— »hm 

tmiestmanl success Standairtl Life has achieved . t ’ r * v - «■ «> " VJ ,tafe J r - <,nin ’ J *** 

for jhar We aamiirfaM pension fiestas ” M " 

already ghen us a formidable reputation. t* t-.^ ta-t nr-.v i us- it- ■nan i- 

i. < i!LH 0 Pinion are ojrrpmly managed on . < L! .’Xi Tr^ ’tC; j , Z 

whan or more titan a minion pollo'hcHdns. l. t- ■> i-.i- Uirrj.-i rnn immi**--' - mi mi i- in- 

The imestment results, which have been +»«'•-' f ••• n -rn-m-mc rir,«- u Tnnr i-r 

published in independent surveys, have been ^ 
v h consisuait anti nuistawlmR. t- -t l—-i 


new unit trusts arvni new at all . t - y* lv in 

Pi < R-II *'l >17** t Jinlvcf* EH- 

r Tfi amdanl Lrle fan TVurf Manaaeiwn:. L'rnr Trua AdmnWLraffMi. hj &A rtltiGei f^Arw.Edcihiirdi EHi 2XZ "I 
| I Tie enclose a cheque for £ . ... iminimum investmenr SUkH'i) payable to dandard Life L’nit | 

. TVust Manacenwrrt. ftr invesiniHnr baaijniijlaiion units in il^SandaTOI-ifoNlana^Tnwat ihefaed . 
j offer pri.e of 25p per unit plus a bunus uTestra units ( iht t.fl'er t^wi until ]5th Mas . 11^. 1 I 

J Note:Im'esnnems m Standard life I'utt Trusts are mit3vaitilile in the Republic i\ f Ireland | 

I Surname Mr Mrs Miss : Occupauon — - 1 

The Managed Trust Is new; buuhe record nf 
tnvestmenl success Standard Life has achieved 
for thar life assurance and pension funds has 
already given us a formidable reputation. 
OverSlO billion are currendy managed on 
behalf of more than a minion pollo'bridns. 
The invKtment results, which have been 
published in independent surveys; have been 
both consistent and outstanding 

Whenit comes to esperfenc&Standard Life's 
new unit trusts aren't new alalL . 

First Narrv-iM 


.|^l am 'ae are m^r IS jears asy 


_ : TRUgTFRCM j 

~ Standard Life i 



1. ‘ ^ _ 1 1 ^ n*ium 


buR Own 

yaan te tt iw w* 

ersonal Portfolio 


of Stocks and Shares I 

Now you can enjoy 

all the rewards ana excitement of awning your 
awn personal portfolio of shares, without the 
need to monitor the markets yourself —and 
without you having to make any of the crucial 
decisions about when to buy and when to sell. 


Sim ply choose the STOCKHOLDER 
PORTFOLIO SERVICE that suits you - and 

leave everything else to the experts at 


Lancashire ancTYorkshire Investment 
Management Limited. 

# Minimum only £2,000 
sfc You receive full records of all transactions 

# All your investments held by The Royal Bank 
of Scotland pic, as custodian 

Phone 0 1 -935 5566 NOW for details - phone 
lines open all weekend— or send for your - 
brochure today. 

» MW MX WO® »«* *W» MM* v**» 

To: Lancashire & Yorkshire Investment Management T| ws 

Limited, 73 Wimpale5treet, London W1M7DD. 

Tel: 01 -9355566 , 

Please send me, without obligation, full details ot your 



: ' . • 



t (ij) Lancashm&Plforkshiw 

<>*l ;m< wbw wt» UK® -oraw ***> *•»« 



Moneytetter wfl show you how to get the best out of shares, 
unit trusts, currencies, traded options and gfts. Subscribe today 
and well send you ten £15 bonus vouchers with your first issue. 
When you invest £ 1000 in the unit trust of your choice, through 
a nominated' broker your return wiB be boosted by £15 on 
production of the voucher. Vouchers are vdftl for six months. 
12 issues of Moneytetter cost fust £60. To subscribe send your 
cheque for £60 made payable to: 

ROSTERS LTD, SO Weibeck London W1. 

Offer doses May 17th, 1986. 


UK gains in land 
of the rising yen 


The Japanese yen has been 
rising to new heights in recent 
weeks, much to the discomfort 
of the government in Tokyo. 
But for British investors in the 
Japanese stock market, the 
yen's rise 1ms added to the 
returns on what was already 
looking like a very good 

Even in a period when stock 
markets worldwide have been 
hitting records almost daily, 
the performance of the Japa- 
nese market has. been rather 
speciaL In March, the market 
rose by more than 16 per cent 

The Nikkei-Dow Jones Av- 
erage Index hit a peak of 
15,859.7 on Man* 31. It has 
run into profit-taking during 
April, mainly on concern over 
the effects on Japanese indus- 
try of the yen’s strong rise. 
Even so, it was less than 1 per 
cent below its end-Maich peak 
this week. . 

The strength of the Japanese 
market and the yea's rise 
against sterling have been 
reflected in the performance 
of Japanese unit trusts. The 
top- p er for ming trust in the 
three months to April 1, 
according to Planned Savings, 
was County Bank Japan 

Growth. Calculated on an 
ofler-to-offer basis It recorded 
an increase of 47.6 per cent in 
the first quarter of this year. 

Similar strong rises were 
recorded by Britannia Japan, 
Performance, up 47. 1 percent; 
Target Japan, 45.9 per cent; 
CS Japan, 41.2 per cent; 
Oppenheimer. Japan Growth. 
41 per cent, and WanQey 

Japan Growth, 40.6 per cent. 

are several reasons 

the Japanese stock market 
should be set for a good 
upward run in the medium 
term. One. as apaper from the 
Tokyo office of stockbrokers 
Jardine Fleming points out, is 
the weight of money in the 
system which is available for 
stock market investment 
There are several parts to 
this argument, some to do 
with institutional changes in 
Japan, others with the return 
borne of funds, for example, 
those invested in US bonds, 
often with fingers burned by 
the abrupt shift in sentiment 
in the currency markets from 
the dollar to the yen. ~ 

The Japanese government 
has limited the issue of deficit- 
financing bonds, as part of its 
desire to rein back long-term 
debt.. The result is that many 
domestic investors have been 


virtually forced into equity 

Some observers expect the 
government’s self-imposed re- 
straint on bond issues to break 
down in the coming weeks, 
with a big issue of so-called 
construction bonds. Even so, 
that will leave plenty ofikjuid- 
ity for stock market. 

Another important institu- 
tional dump , according to 
Jardine Fleming, is the evolu- 
tion of the Tokkin fundsra 
type of discretionary fund 
through which corporations 
can invest a pro p or ti on of 
their assets insecurities. This 
proportion is now 3 per cent, 
but it may increase to 6 per 
cent, again providing a new 
source of funds for the market 

The biggest potential for the 
Japanese stock market may, 
however, lie .with the small 
investor, at least in the longer 
term. Japanese small investors 
are very active in the market, 
turning over their portiblids 
quite rapidly. Housewives are. 
active investors. Small inves- 
tors account for 60 to JQjrer 
cent of stock market 

But, as in other countries, 
the proportion Of stocks held 
by the small investor has 
suffered a postwar decline. 
Individuals odd 613 per cent 
of listed stocks in 1950, but by 
1983 this had fallen to 263 per 

This is 'despite the fact that 
individuals in Japan save a 
very high proportion of in- 
come — nearly a -fifth. The 
problem is that there are 
significant tax incentives asso- 
ciated with small savings ac- 
counts in banks and ' post 
offices. These accounts attract 
around 54 per oenl of Japa- 
nese savings." - 

But reform may be on the 
way to remove the tax relief 
known as-tbe Maruyu, on 
th es e small savings accounts. 



-i«»i I * 


Tokyo exchange: Frenetic aritmty has been reflected m Japanese unit trusts performance 



■ ? 


Invest Now in The Future Growth of 
The Worlds Second Largest Economy 

Since the beginning of this year, unit 
trusts investing in Japan have, once 
again, featured high in the performance 

An investment of &1$00 into the 

average Japan Fund made on the first of 
January, 1986 will have grown in value 
to over £1^70. 

InTaiget Japan Fund, this investment 
would have grown to over £1^370. 

In the future, we consider Japan will continue to be 
a favourable area for investment Recent developments 
lead us to the conclusion that the huge potential of 
the domestic sector could be the major influence on the 
Japanese slockmarket this year. 

The Important arguments for this view include; 

The Manager of Thrget Japan Fund will seek to select 
the best opportunities available for maximum capital 
growth, whether these be in domestically orientated 
stocks or the shares of export earners. It is intended that 
the portfolio of Target Japan Fund will be relatively 
concentrated to secure the most profitable return. 

• Xh«.diam«.»P-IRULIn...on. WCfrcqS Jap art h«E.v£br dopen- 

ctaiit upon imporUMl oQ aiucti* to b ene fit 

oonMiderabKy fro m the halving in prices soon this year 

Consistency of performance is an indication of Rood 

suiient manajwmenL Cher 6 monthK, X year. & yearn 
and ulnce launch Thrgct Japan Fund has consistently 

ranked among the top S unit trusts Investing in this 



ila ge rise L iLe value o) iLellen agalnsl 

tiro DoOnr. Since die "Group of Five" meeting last 
September has enabled a significant reduction In interest 


We believe this will benefit the economy and help 

encourage investment In the stockmarkeL 

An_myegur.CTit_pr&l.POP made on the hunch cUUe. 

ggr»<*-E>r<reiTtfcH-T-. worth an nMPdandlng 

S 3.286 — compared with a return from tlie average Japan 

Fund ofS2,852. 

The .Japanese Government intends to stimnbu** 
economy through a variety of measures. Legislation on 
urban redevelopment and the bringing forward of many 
key construction projects should lead to stronger 
growth .The projected rise in realeamings should 

create a more buoyant consumer sector. 

Please remember that the price of units and income 

from them can go down as well as up. 

Deregulation of thefinanciai 
system is taking on increasing 
importance. The Japanese 
authorities have shown their 
intentions to develop Tbkyo as 
a world financial centre.equal 
to London and New York. 




T ~ 


To invest in Target Japan Fund complete the 
application form below and post it together with your 
cheque to the Freepost address, or telephone our dealers 
oh Aylesbury (0296) 594L 

Fbr your guidance, the offer 
price of units on 22ndAprfl, 1986 was 
an estimated 87_lp, with a gross 
annual yield of 03 %l 

If you retain the services ofa._ . 
professional adviser we strongly 
recommend that you contact turn 
without delay regarding this offer 



All Diramviiiirdnnt in Ud.bwnnw ro-fcnv**j»d: 
.sntm-4-opalKiaiMmiu JJnd April. town. 



Ttw minimum Irnul ininammi in Tbrgn Japan Fluid t-smm. 

S i ub a m WTH iDmUHnIanni br marb-i.fhllMiiirra'in-. 

I’nll* air drall dall, and ihr- pne and yiWiI ■» pnNtshrri dally In Ihr 
Financial Tlrn«~ andTImi-i nrmpopm 

ApplU.111 Kins wlH brackiurMMxpd Avnmrad nnirwiBhr 
d—pai rtw«l iki iwdpi ufyi ,ir ap|iDcail»n andu ctnUkaii- Cclh- until. 
>«*** hnhi Will br imH ai-nnil JJ da>-aArr lire flair ufpun-ha-r. I'nili 
ran br -arid lack in chr.\laiaatrr«jl apdmnH In#, than ihr hid pjli-r 
cakutalFd UidininUiHV with Drpanmrm nTOadrirfsihiannsmla 

vhrfjor will Ire dnpalrhrd within IllitajTBrkrerrlpl ofi^joirHrrrllfkair. 

An Initial rhaiw iiTV* 1» Imludnl In ihr Iiffrr primf (mb*. 
RnminmihipufpaMliimiaUlIrdlRimnrdlanrHftnniiliNrtHnir R«-i 
•taltablr A|> annM) rlmrgr uTI*. |pkn VAT} ndrefareird fpnn 

■hr nmctkgriRM liMumr. 

Tlv Bandit** deUnbuiU-n dair hlW July and ■nmor win br 
dljardniinl, 105*1 Ikt urth (fa-pun nti -Ufth Srpmabm 

Trusun-Thr Rujal Bank nfSniibind ph-. .Auilltnfv. KMi Thnownn 
Mf-KUrnnrk Monap-r*. Tarjpi Than ManaanuLiCOtinL BrRiMmvH In 
Enataod So. MTVfi 

Taisn Hi nmr. lialrhnure Buad. AylnlHiry Bur lev 

To: Target ^ Trust Managers Limited, FREEPOST, London EC4B 4EH. 
I We «^sh to invent 

li\ Target Japan Rind 

(mintonum SAOOY at ihe privo ruling on receipt of this application. 
Pleas? make your cheque payable in Target lYust Managers Limited. 





My professional adviser t&_ 

Please send details of how m exchange shares for unit (rusts 

And one result of tlm could be 
to divert more funds in the 
stock-market’s direction. - - 
At present, about 18 per 
cent of individual savings, are 
channelled directly Jnto the 
sfodc market, with evidence of 
increased interest in equity 
investment, even under tire 
current tax regime. Taxr re- 
form, although politically dif- 
ficult, promises to provide a 
source of funds for tire Japa- 
nese equity market in the 

. There are two big question 
marks over the Japanese mar ' 

Effect of elections 
for the parliament 

ket One is- the effects of the 
yen’s sharp rise on export- 
based Japanese companies 
and oh the economy in gener- 
al The second is the effect of 
tire impending double elec- 
tions to the Japanese parlia- 
ment, the Diet 

There has been a general 
shift. away in relative . stock 
market strength from export- 
based companies to those 
relying most on the domestic 
market But Pauline Choy of 
M & G thinks 'this has been 
overdone, and that export- 
based companies are now a 
good buy. 

This is because, in their own 

plans, these ^ companies were 
allowing for a more pessimis- 
tic outlook, with a yen of 160 

and no growth in tire US 
economy, .the. main export 
■ marker Sure enough, the. yep 
is heading for 160 but growth 
in America is coming through 

In addition. Mis Choy 
thinks the ^pressure of tire 
p|iyf j n nc wiff mean that the 

government will try’ to pnsfa 
tire exchange rale bade to 
about 180, after it has got tire 
Tokyo economic summit out 
of the way. She predicts a rise 
in the stock market of about 
.1 0 per cent in the remainder of 

this year. 

. Stephen Barber, of MIM, 
saw his Japan Performance 
Trust suffer slightly in' March, 
-because 'the stock market 
boOm was ntost dramatic in 
l ai gg co mpapresrandTlre trust 

-companies. ^The trust, has 
caught in April, and Mr 
Barber is optimistic about the 
performance of foe market, 
which he thinks' wiB 
more for UK trusts 
currency gams. 

In the next few weeks, 
though, the market may pause 
as evidence of an economic 
slowdown comes through, be>- 
- cause of the yen's sharp rise. 
The government’s response to 
this, he thipks^ will, be to 
. stimulate foe economy, both 
through further interest rate 
cuts, and a big package of 
reflation measures in the sum- 
mer, paid for by tire issue of 
construction bonds. 

David Robins, of Phillips & 
Drew, says 1986 is a water- 
shed year for Japan, and warns 
against expectations of a re- 
turn to old-style, export-led 
growth. . _ 

He says^Equity market 
participants could be naive in 

expecting a recovery in the 
export sector in late 1986 or 
1987 Jt would seem that Japan 
will longer be able to 
depend on export-led expan- 
sion out of tire present down- 
turn in growth. Rather, equity 
market participants should be 

Watch out for any 
“• signs of strain 

focusing- on tire domestic 
TieneSS of appreciation." 

The shift to a domestically 
based economy to reduce 
Japan's politically embarrass- 
ing trade surplus, which could 
rise to $80 billion this year, 
helped by lower oil prices, is a 
target of tire government 
Earlier tins month a report by 
tire Maekawa Commission 
' recommended a series of mea- 
sures to bring about such a 

in tire -Japanese way of 
things, such adjustments can 
lake place smoothly, and 
should not stand in tire way of 
a strong stock market But 
investors should keep watch 
for any signs of strain that 

aatt * m David Smith 

-< *■ w-* 

* * . • Vi 

I *"* 

' *’• W> \ 

A »• 

* a «- V 

> l. .. ; 

LJF=> 1 S% IIM 



achieved more th .30 
-ten times the growth 

of Building Society 

over the same period 

More than doable the aanual vetnru from bufoiliig societies at current 
rates ... and tiiere should be'more to come as Interest rates continue to fafl. 


cats stiD offer a return of about 9% a year— 5 V&% higher than the 
Government's Inflation forecast for tills yea*! 

Interest rates everywhere are falling fast butGifts lor Government Securities) 

• - keep the same return once you've bought them. 

Whatfe more, when Interest rates foil, the CAPITAL VALUE OF GUTS INCREASES. 

Etna's newGHT-EDGED. BOND offers one ofthe 


♦ Huge cost savings oirerDirwi' Mana^rirtent by Phillips & 

Investment 1 tfrew-- voted top for gilt research 

*UptolO%ayearmcomefacilitjt . ^InstituBonal Investor poU 

. . . . _ _ _#Funrfup I 8 first 9 weeks to 

♦ NO CAPITAL GAINS TAX 30W86-cwer 7% more than the 

on profits from Gilts. FT Government Securities Index. 


^tna Life Insurance Company Ltd. 401 St- John Street London ECIV4QE Reg Na [766220 

r- : 

j. ' 

•♦-iS*:- L 

N. , • - 

^ , . * 

< l 

•» . . 

PleasecoRiplae and send the coupon In an envelope addressed to- 
Ufe Insurance Company Ltd FREEPOST London EC I.B INA. 
orphaneourQistomef CateCentreon FREEFONE 'iCTNA' 

Pleasesend me rpy FREE 'Cuide to Cilts' and detailsof the i€tna GILT-EDGED BOND id 

Name ' ' ' ' 




Name of usial'Professional adviset- 


H PS If you aic sell emplqe(iarb»eii4<Dnipanr pension 
plem uct thebm so weeanatosend goudaaHMf 
| /EmasnewGlH-Edged Pension Bond Q 



• - : --- t -* -- -sr - t ; 

< vcxurty 

ft V®’ 




The Fleming 

An investment trust offering long term capital growth 
from a portfolio of international investments. 

Particular features are: 

■ A substantial commitment to unquoted investments. 

■ Emphasis on emerging growth companies worldwide. 

■ Active management of liquidity and currencies in 
order to maximise the return to shareholders. 

While income is considered of less importance than 

capital growth, the Board aims to increase the dividend 
over the longer term at least in line with inflation. 

Eyes down for 
the bargains 
and the snags 

S’ " r* ADOPTS 'V clients to the International 

v._. -V" n rc » a ✓ Oriental Carpet Centre 

Sorting out the good shares (IOCQ at the Highgaie end of 
fromthe bad looks like a Gospel Oak, north London, to 
doddle compared with sorting look at thousands of new 
out the good guys from the carpets laid out in piles in this 
baddies in the rug trade. bonded warehouse. 

Oriental carpets can obvi- She works on a commission 

ously be a sound investment, basis, lakingjusta few percent 
but the pitfalls are of the price of the carpet from 

horrendous. clients. The carpets have no 

Even talking to the different price but the range is 
sides of the trade you find from around £130 to £3,000. 
there is fierce rivalry, if not Mr Black is, however, dis- 
bitchiness. The sort of carpets missive of the carpet selection 
yon might buy divide into in the bonded warehouse. He 
three rough groups: exquisite says: “A lot of people are being 
expensive nigs which will taken around the warehouse 
never be put on the floor, and sold carpets m a de of 
middling carpets which you chemical dyes. I wouldn't 
can use with care, and unpre- touch most of the stuff with a 
tenuous floor coverings which bargepole. It's ugly. They have 

Year to 31st January 




Dividend per share 




Asset Value per share 




Share price 




•i. 1 ' - ,5 • • 

can nevertheless still hold no taste. You can see moun- 
their value. tains of boring rugs at these 

Antique carpets are most warehouses.” 
highly prized. Caroline Bosfy, Where else can you go to 
a carpet broker, says: “People buy rugs? One thing that 

fed that an antique carpet has 

proved itself but it will cost ‘Export cancellati 

SttS” 1 completely bogu 

“Get a reliable person to 

help you choose your nig. almost everyone agrees a 
Then wane on it, play on it and is the fly-by-night auction 
let the puppy wee on it as long from hotel rooms or i 
as you nave a bottle of soda on temporary premises. The 
hand to douse it with.” are usually said to be sf 

Distribution of Portfolio: 

UK. 52.9% North America 30.8% 

Japan 8.5% Others 7.8% 

| If you would like a copy of the Annual Report and details of The | 
i Fleming Trust's Dividend Reinvestment and Savings Scheme i 
I please send the coupon back to the Secretary Robert Fleming I 
| Services Limited, 25 Copthall Avenue, London EC2R 7DR. f 

‘Export cancellations 
completely bogus 9 

Caroline Bosly, with* background in carpets, says yoa need expert help 

cuuipiciciy wgus Pakistani copy. You have no 
— — — redress. People have paid 
almost everyone agrees about higher prices at these auctions 
is the fly-by-night auctions run th?n they would at Hatreds.” 

t Name 


let the puppy wee on it as long from hotel rooms or other I went to an auction in 
as you have a bottle of soda on temporary premises. The sales Hampstead on a Sunday after- 
hand to douse it with.” are usually said to be special noon. The prices certainly 

But David Black, a carpet one-offs due to bankruptcy or were cheap. Some carpets 
dealer who has a shop in the rise in shipping insurance, were just £60 — but how can 
Holland Park, west London, But experts claim that there you tell if the buyer was 
disag rees : “The new carpets is very little investment value gpnnine rather than the 

I $ Address _ — 


that we sell wifl go up in value 
.but not so dramatically as the 
antique things.” 

And Sotheby’s carpet expert 

in these rugs. 
Caroline Bosly 


auctioneer's stooge? The auc- 
tioneer was not keen to talk 

“Cancelled export orders sold about his trade. 

~ ‘ __ v | And Sotheby’s carpet expert off near an airport are com- He said: “I don’t want to 

h 1 h |V/| I Ml | Stephen Wolff says that if your pletely bogus. Very often the give my name. I have enough 

— A J- | puppy wets a carpet “you can auctioneer will be m isl eadi ng publicity. There is so much 

forget it”. and say, for instance, that a jealousy in the business. It is 

Caroline Bosly takes her rug is from Iran when it is a 


because we are so much 
cheaper than the shops.”. . 

There are also those who do 
not. have a good word to say 
for the reputable auction 
houses. “The big auction 
houses have been asking high 

£28,000 price for 
Wagner’s carpet 

prices,” says Mr Blade. “They 
have been left with large 
numbers of krts nnsokt" 
Sothefry's says that at times 
30 to 40 per cent of its rugs 
have been left unsold. But at 

you buy b getting more valu- 
able as you use n. But don’t 
spend the grocery money on 

ft-* 1 

If you want to be able to sort 
out ■ the Baluchis from the 
Beigamas, then you should 
start reading the books - 
such as Caroline Boss's Rugs 
io Riches or David Blades 
World Rugs & Carpets. Then 
set about looking at the real 

The dep a rt m e n t stores such 
as Liberty and Harvey Nichols 
are good for browsing. Then 
pick your expert ~ unless you 

the recent teg Islamic rale only- ’can realty’ tell a vegetable dye 
22 per cent ofthe carpets were from a chemical dye, spot a 





Sotheby’s has big antique 
carpet auctions in -April and 
October, and - smaller, less 
expensive ’sales throughout 
the year. The next is on July 

At the recent sale the cheap- 
est carpets went for around 
£600. The two most expensive 
were £28,600 — a Heriz carpet 
belonging to Richard Wagner 
(estimated {nice £15.000 to 

carpet that has had a “silk 
wash”, which is a chemical 
treatment and pinpoint where 
a caipet was made. 

may r 

t choice 
; you rich 

The copies from places such 
as Pakistan will never have 
any real value. The best 

£25,000) and a mid-I6th- carpels come from Persia (or 
century Persian carpet festi- Iran), Turkey, the Caucasus. 

• • a £.1 „ j 

mated' price £40,000 to Af ghanis tan and China. 

But finding one with a 
diflBcuItr. aid a graceibJ or vibrant design 

S& St * AS y°“ r P®* fr™ nigs to richca 
Black’s is that you ran tated. Sosfyi /J Princess 

home tony it j load. Regent’s Park. London 
tomst We hav^ Mver mn {Q} _ 722 7m > R w 

Riches, published by Aden & 
^ if. ttwi* out of prim. New 

edition at £12 JO out soon 

haw been bought fiwm ten. zw Bjackt % Portland 
My Road. London WU (01-727 

shoulder to 25<56jLWorid Rugs & Carpels, 

ediuSby David Black. £12.95. 
thejobof ^ County Life Books (contact 
not diffi^ to^antoitop^ Sue Bond 01-381 1324). 
ly. You should never buy a rug . 

purely as an investment, but it 

is rice to know that something Vivien Goldsmith 




t U liSIMy inu M HIB 

THE - a,t *™* ES &wziz io^l 

ConsoWatod Cuts 1050% 

««« Continental Trust 10.50% 

Co-operative Beta 1050% 

C. Hrare & Co 1050% 

nrrrn rvrrrirvrn H ^"9 Kw? & Shanghai — 1050% 

™ I Bank 1050% 

FINAL CLOSING DATE n Nat Westminster 1050% 

^ ^ ft Fjgot Bank of Scotland™ 1050% 

[ w caarnk NA-ZZl ,_nun% 

H Hi t Mortgage Base Rate. 

A CHOICE OF SIX FUNDS. The six unit (nuts all have capital growth as (hair investment objective. 

It's true to say that many investments in unit trusts *eem to be 
made on the basis of Track record’*. This, of course, is balanced by 
the sobering realisation that today’s “flavour of the month" is rarely 

Irt also true, however, that some or the most spectacular gains 
have been made when the opportunity has been seized to get in at 
the ground floor - aL the initial launch of a new fund with all the 
advantages. -new money” can bring. Sometimes, these funds have 
no record to speak or. 

The problem for the investor, then, is how to spot an 
interesting opportunity when it comes up. 

We believe it is here novn A new Management Company - 
but with excellent credentials. A new range of Funds - but 
with parallels or proven success as comparisons. 

And a new environment of encouragement for investment as 
exemplified by the Chancellor^ Budget remarks. 

The next few paragraphs will give you the background to ibis, 
the newest Investment Management Company Judge the 
prospects foryoureelf- 


Richard Thornton has spent the last 25 years specialising in 
investment management. He was the co-founder of GT Manage- 
ment in 1969 and was their Chief Investment Officer with direct 
responsibility for £1.5 billion. 

Thornton & Co. Limited was established by Richard 
Thornton in early 1984 and is a holding company having subsid- 
iaries in the U.K., Hong Kong, San Francisco, Bermuda and 


The specialist companies which make up the Thornton & Co- 
Group are today responsible for. the management funds io 
excess of £200 million throughout the world. 


We manage five mutual funds denominated in U-S. dollars, 
(he majority of w hich invest in Far Eastern markets. 

Regulations don't permit anything more than this statement 
of Tact, but your Intermediary or Professional Advisor will be 
pleased to give you further Information. 

We also manage three UK quoted investment trusts. 


An axiom of any successful business Is to play to iu strengths. 
Thornton Unit Managers Limited has been formed specifically to 
" do just that. - ‘ 

The strengths of the Thornton Group team are investment 
expertise and a considerable prior experience and success in the 
field of unit trusts. 

We mil capitalise on our particular strength In the Pacific 
Basin area, where our office, on the spot in Hong Kong, benefits 
from additional input from Sen Francisco and the American 
viewpoint as well as from London. 

However, m ihe choice of these six new' unit trusts, we are also 
offering a U K. and General Fund for those investors who wish to 
see part of their portfolio devoted to our own domestic market. 


Communication and speed of reaction is our strong suit. With 
broad experience in international markets and operating from 
overseas offices as well a» in London, we have Immediate access to 
in forma tin n on local companies and changes, however rapid, in 
economic and political conditions. 

Because we can react quickly (his allows us to safeguard 

Our tih|«iivp is to achieve a high degree of capital growth in 
the long term for our investors, rather than the provision of a 
regular income. 

Our philosophy is to a chieve this through the prudent 
management of our clients* assets around ihn world, taking 
■advantage of alT the opportunities our skilled local resources 
identify and. by the same token, ruing those same skills to 
minimise the risk whenever possible. 



The FT AH Share Index has continued to 
move ahead us pew record level* during the first 
quarter of 1996- With manufacturing industry 
looking healthier than It has for a long time, 
general Industrial restructuring opportunities 
are still significant. If interest rates move down- ’ • »• 
wards as expected and sterling continues in its 
present range against other currencies there raHB 
should be a very positive effect upon economic ~ , 

growth. The sharp fall in the price of oil is also a major 
advantage to manufacturing industry. 

Advised by the London office. 



The U-S- has the world* largest economy, 
with a Gross National Product of over S5-5 tril- 
lion in 1985. Tbeattractionofaneconomyas large 
and broad os this Is the potential to Cud 
successful investment opportunities amongst 
the many economic sectors. Our office In San 
Francisco enables us to anticipate trends and 
Uke advantage of movements in the market. 
Advised by the San Fra nasco office. 


The ffocific Basin from Japan to Silicon Valley 
in California hat produced the major technolo- 
gical advances of the last decade. We believe that 
many technology stocks in this area are currently 
undervalued and have very good long term 
growth potentiaL 

Advised by the London office on information 
provided by dm Hong Kong and San Francisco 


You can take advantage or Thornton's investment expertise 
by investing in any number of our new funds. Investors should, 
however, regard all unit trust investments at longterm. 

They should also remember that the price of units and the 
income from them can go down as well as up. 

To Invest now. simply compile the application form below 
and return n. together with your cheque. The minimum 
investment in anv fond Is £500. 

Mop (.»■» an- it d.ih »nd ik* pr-n nd ihr o-M, <rr 

'Mj0V >*it l» th» f i na a n .1 Tim*, ApetuMioa. »,ll b r ». kj— 

■*’ i *'*•'*■ f w , *"'«brv In' Inn, I*-.,™ inimmml. «.ll hr „n i Q unit 
■ 1 W*" iwulll it 4r, Rrp*.,h«w prsumj. aril 

■ ■ ni lftWSi ntH wibiri w Sa ,af w wyriiwwin«i,n1ilatwa' ,h< MiMm 
Sb Wl>Mw*^uiitiSHI« ihwI Smr' wTWnt^mni nmumtfr; : ejnt*M4l 
cb«pr of I .rt* pin VAT nttbr mIu- o« Hi- foo<l ^ d-riwlwf PHinihl. tree. .n. u »- 

KOTT-OI mai3iT*4M iVH Od. ooo. jitlnhlliw -dlb-nud-ivli >v«p hr^aqip^ip i 1 -* 

-k-h -III b. -WOW*.ir,IU r-mnlri to Ihr lamt .ori ^tilivul ami, «,|| 6- puriknrd 
M Ifeopcur rating sa <W dri-iolniwHauTn iiibnv 



The growth in the Japanese economy over 
the last decade has proved remarkably resilient 
to adverse economic conditions such us interest 
rate and currency fluctuations. We believe this 
growth will continue, and coupled with the poli- 
tical and economic stability of the country; the 
opportunities for investment look very attractive 
particularly now following the sharp fall in the 
priee or oil. 

Advised. by tbe Hong Kong office. 


FUNQ- »" 

Investment opportunities will be exploited .. 
in Hong Kong, the Philippines, Singapore, 

Malaysia and, to the extent permitted South 
Korea and Thiwan. Direct Investment is not yet 
allowed In South Korea and Taiwan but the - - 

Fund may find opportunities to invest in unit • fi yL * 
trusts in these markets. This fond will exclude -aS lSL ' 
Japan, and Australia. Regional flexibility will jQ&g 
enable our Hong Kong office to follow both IS — 
favourable economic trends in individual countries as well as 
spotting special opirortunities in undervalued companies. 
Advisedby the Hong Kong office. 



This Fund is able to invest in all far Eastern 
markets. Direct investment is not yet allowed in 
South Korea and Taiwan but the Fund may find 
opportunities to invest in unit trusts in these 

Advised by the Hong Kong offioe. 

Vi OTu¥] 





To: Thornton Unit Managers Limited. Park House, . * 

16 Finsbury Circus. London EC2M 70 J. 01-658 4761. j 

I' We enclose a cheque made payable to Thornton ITnil j 

Managers Limited for £ (minimuin £500 per { 

Fund) to be allocated as follows: | 

TkonmC R uf GmilM pbioatlt nanriidpiMavtiiuiiriilri 

TXotWawXowbXHWw— — tO— w W ftad US ts. 

TIMiUhnOfMmolgp h>d Mil h 

Thornton JaweriaaCvanoilhad M s 1-0 

Tkom»irip,hnt M J |V, 

Tta— Ion F^r jad C— r«l Fond <t« 

It-Hnn-rinun milt K. pjid w «l,— . b, M.,.g.n .n4 i.r— . ir- 

oidabM — V » » f hr h*-d o**— pm- of VOp prr —4 .bri — lu V)r> UWS (.ml, 
nr. Or tSMf hr 4t rhootS^ p— niLn^on lb, dr- Of npl o( >hr orq-r 

ThrWr»,pT rrr Thorn tan L mi .Vfanierr, I jini—L Pjri llww mhmliii, r,„u.. 
Lonfoo ICfM roi (in,. ^„Mnl ,4 (orllnrf rn-J U.V. N.. 

Thu, nUn, fm M,n,pn Lifmi-f] n. mrnbrr of rtr I bii Trau U— > l^iun ft, |r b w— 
VUlut B^iV Tcwri Cumprn, Lt vilrri 


j FUND. X j 








FIND- X j 



J If mu rupitrf ilhiifhulnmx hi hi* |MiH its i uu inHNii a f brm^ «aurv r * | 

. nui»f.il1i iimi-.|i-iI mi tnrihrri»#iif> Ink Ihrhuk I ® 

i Suriirim^fVlr/\lrs.Mi«\ j 

| Full Rvrenamex ■Bl.m.KUil( l .>Ka>t l j 

I Addrtwc i 

j ■ Pnsirmta-- . 

Signature rto to I 

| -1(11.1" .nil, -h..uf,( M((a ml (II. r < bfmnirl'. Thw olfrr iv n« j 

| n|««i in TAHtruK ollh, H-pri*, bflr r lj — laurl - S.PWWolvten-vulral, i 




This is absofutaiy your final chance to 
invest mour highly oopuJarT retie Bonus 
Bond (3rd issue) »ith your investment 
divided to secure a guaranteed one year 
return of 13% net on your account with 
one of the biggest Societies and the 
balance invested in a £400 million 
Managed Fund that has averagrt 
ISK'ua. net since rt started In 1977t. 

Call us Qqwta secure your 
investment. Our phones one 
manned 7 days a week. 

' « standard tsx. flZta 77-t.lUS. 
Wm imatfSWWaOOO 


' FREB’OST, Bristol, BSI 5BR. . 




For a free copy of our 
1986 Guide, with full 
details of our top- 
performing Junds and 
both lump-sum rind 
monthly investment, 
simply send this 


Name • 

Address - 

T«8 I 

Un» Vou-vn Contacted Ua— H WB Pay Yce Te Do So 

UNIT ™ 61 ^ 


No etiargea. ««imuni IBXKb EXPE** ' t '* V£S ; . U&S 



for your free eocy now. I NOW 

274 Fulham Rd, London SW109EW 

JfcVfV f. 

a.? s-. 

the times Saturday ma v j 1.935 


J»^ tin ! e t0 chan ge your home loan 

~~ QAGES j^tonp 51103 **" 85 an a part endowment morteage, 

tfyou are paying more than i i b ^. 00 Part pension mortgage as a PERSONAL PENS! 

cent for your homekLn for HL th &L thcre B .. a ,P TOS10n better-than-nothing alterna- ^1.000 single premium 
“O* * toe t&ne o?tlif ** *** “ «“» tive. This mighihs appropri- 

yourmortfiai^ •W ate. if for cmtttoIp * Irife h** 

of(5oSS£ L DS ION PLANS - BEST 5 e sults OVER nVE YEARS 

five. Hus might be appropri- 
ate, if for example a wife has 
her own business making 
children's clothes on the kitth- 
« table. Her earnings could 
finance the pension part of the SunUfeFaH 

mnrtBOIW Onrl cm in fVia avH-i ■ I ■ .. 

now is the *^*53 outlay w ^ «» five. TO. might & appropri- fund at 

your mortgage, 7^ fr £ ate, if for example a wife has retire- 

to lend by building n»i?H? UI V ex ?? p ^ e WB ^ to* her own ' business making ment 

» fcssSS? SsSSi* «s-essa *-,■«_ u 

■ina.*gN smS: sagaes: gpsg* SI 

^fio^ment mortgage makes! cenLC^SSS^T^J. 5 !^ {axrebef denied to her other Provincial Eflufty fa** 

Ksss aaSsas sss 

^SSblS m °o«agfi if fimds (see below), these look : AlthonS^^? ' &»t^Equitable $gg 

• flSwfiS gesarereceiv mShSeSSe to Z? ^5^ 

!?* SW pan of the contract, ifthe Z“ . __ 2,192 

binlfim. — 3_T:_ irom then- IU Per cent annual fund mrmm»n>hpin.i» H i. M Source: Money Maaazmr 

£1.000 regular premium plan 

fund at 

ingfrom eftl^S : tK SWltdlfc f°™h rate in the last KVySn 
types to a f these two I 01 ^ 11 * Ptnaon unit hn5 

^SSblS toortgage if toads (see below), these tool 
Manv coasexvahve estimates. 

m 1 %J*sanflsur P lusintoc 
building soriafe*”!? 1 cem , annual fund 

2S. 7%^'**^ ^^“^‘'SpSS 

JUffi’ES ? r y° a are iq a . In the second more optimis- 


there option. Now ££2,021 lump sum remaining 

endnv^n^. , onger ** relief on a fi er paying off the mortgage 
SSTSSL' mortgage premi- Plus, a pension of £33» 
805 °^ousfyffwir 40-year-old 
SSL® 03 ^ efficient paid out more on the 10 per 
sS^rSKSf* home for fi* growth example he woiUd 

*^mplpyed or company have a cash surplus as weD 

dS SET*" * ““w 

anyone in 
pensionable employment” ■— 
a member of a company 
pension scheme - does not 
qualify. But read on for vari- 

££<hS. of joining “* 

* “joys three tax breaks 
compared with the endow- 
ment version which now only 
benefits from one lax break, 
ine endowment version re- 
sults m tax free cash at the end 

or the mortgage term and is 
dwigned to be able to repay 
the loan and also leave a 
pleasant lump sum over. 

The pension mortgage can 
do this too, but nnlig» the 
endowment, the pension fund 
is free of ail tax during the 
tune it is being invested. So 
the saver benefits from the 
maximum investment 
growth. With an endowment 
policy the life office pays 
corporation and capital win* 
tax on the fund each year. 

A pension mortgage’s third 
tax bonus is that the contribu- 
tions can be fully offset against 
income tao. from the basic 29 1 

in ehbc pan oi me contract, u ine 

bpo- cent annual fund partners are being taxed sepa- 

rarefy, they canbenefit from 

2 %ESE&gZ£. SS.TMr.z 2 S 

fie' ^rife I ]^S re ° P 5 I S- “^^A^fe^n^P^ 

tsSer^^^ swSRitis 

pension than paying every- 

^ dfiog mto the hSami’s 

MaS^^tiS p usaswi S'u_ fitat a wife on schedute D 
j^Ma^mw^are^ offby should make some pension 

















GRE Equity 
Target Managed 
Standard Life Equity 
City of Westminster Equity 
' Lloyds Life Equity 







Friends Provident 
Scottish Mutual 
Standard Life 
Generai Accident 

. 10,644 

. E 

Rebirth of the 
baby bond 

Baby bonds are back. But they ably to stop in&ntiride of 
? re not qiute the bonny bounc- those too small to beat off 

. v • I / wuiJL- uiux LUO ID Q_ _ 

ing bargains plumped up with attacknsw '! 

every tax advantage going that After 10 the policy pays out “ 
M ■ , £750 for those policies with..' 

■ Th 5,. r 5 ^ . d . 1 contributions of £100 a year ' * 

issued by foe T^bndgc WeHs and f 1,500 for those on 
Equitable Friendly Society — a year. 

10-year, tax-exempt policy. An investment in a 
written on the dukTs life - Bond Mark JI of £100 
was withdrawn after just three- for' 10 yean; is projec 
months because the Inland grow to £1.533 asam 


An investment in a Baby 
Bond Mark II of £100 a year 
for 10 years is projected to 

grow to £1,533 assuming a 

are BvaflBbte from Money MagarinerOapt'ps, 129 CtwrohHBBoad, 

n fiiuw uj ii.jjj assurnme a 

Revenue was incensed at the growth rate of. 10 per cent in 
success of these tax-privileged the units and to £1,752 at a 

then- own tax relief entitle- „ *' " 

concerned. A wife paying pen- ^ w«imdle a i Od 



More than 10,000 policies 

12.5 per cent growth rate. 
Units in the Dominion 

on loan 



Benefits after mortgage repaid 
Assuming 10% annual fund Assuming 15% mutual hind 

sssr^ff 1 jr*" sf»- s«j 3 “ 

£ e c e " p * 

Anomer small, but imoc 
1 S?SS2 tai ? plehe ^ uld PO“t to^r in mrnd 
35 that a wife on schedule 

^«^gwpte arepot off by should make some pensic 
me nas si e and cost of re- provirion anvwav heran 

Ster^S I ™ 1 8 * VBn ^ come wtaaS^it maki 
?“”* ^“fiy souse to take advantage of hi 

S/lSS-s k V ia5p ^ “ eanKd “come^oXS 

?SlSh!5^ii!3 p ?' ce 2 t,lt thereby rednemg the tax ha bi 
hSr h SS"* a S i'y- A pension resulting from 

WS- ^SS&- £ turn m i 

this week offering a free MKTCflffE - — 

service to clients. Fairchilds * 

3*“ °[^i sc a highly competi- V&J5(0lJ AVD H 

five 10.75 per cent loan and 
will carry any legal and ar- r : 

rangement fees. ///f s < 

Anyone who is seif-em- 

ployed and on Schedule Dean I TNi 7 IX H 

put up to 17.5 per cent of “net / ]i ' \ \\_i. 

relevant earnings” into a per- I rM'v 

sonal pension plan and obtain / jf £§3\ Iff \ t 
tax refief on the pr emium? AH I 
or part of such a plan can be / 
linked to a mortgage. Indden- / 

tally anyone bora before 1 934 / R^fTT 

can put away up to 20 per cent | \\ A I \ 

If you work for a company 1 \1 (III \ 

with a pension scheme which v. 

allows “additional voluntary jwa-* 

contributions?, it may be 

possfl^ to organize a pension nmcinn ‘ 

mortgage, linked to these f^ 1011 I ? ortga ^ °Offid be 
^as^uniMi to mese One ray of providing for this. 

Pans«n figures: Target Me 

59S50 168.428 

475.05 (at 29% taxi 
42&21 {at 40% texj 
345J S (at 60% tax) 

15.123pa 372385' 

Y „ ■ ■ _ « . v 9 “*^ **» UIW VUUllIUUU 

were issued, and another Growth Fund, will be mostly 
3,0(XJ were on the way. The invested in equities. 


ing its status as one of the old Unity of 
societies which could write or -^? <UeUo . W5 \ nend} y 

th^ tax^mpoliSes.^ 115 » 

The new pohaes are not -p. p . _ . 

lax-exempt The friendly sod- ■ of these pob- 

fty pays corporation tax and aes rans mt0 hundreds rather 

uiwuic iuiowBnce m engage, 
ttoby reducing the tax habil- Some self-employed earners 
ity. A pension resulting from a are so tax efficient that they 

GmtM misttmA JBJsrou 
HmWQt — J Cbuecrute 
vmoum He mm mug/hz, . 



per cent right up to the top 60 
per cenL This is even better 
than when endowment mort- 
gages offered tax relief of half 
the basic rate tax only, (before 
the 1984 Budget abolished the 
perk). The top rare tax relief; 
as our table shows, makes 
pension montages the nearest . 
thing to a -licence to -print 

At the end of the loan 
period — and a pension mort- 
gage cannot be made available 
until the borrower has reached 
a minimum of 60 — the loon is 
repaid from the commuted tax 

tomnouuons. , . '.r. ^ ~ 

One-man companies and 

company directors are in the J^ opnM ® t manager of Sun 
most fortunate position be- ? 

cause in their case the law £™“ s b“s- 

doesn’t insist the pension fund then ^ 

has to be divided into part t } SSVJS^ a # P en ? 0 “ 
pension, part cash at the S havel ° 

of the tom. A comnanv ™“^_P«»ipn mortgage to 

of th* term a ms pension mortgage to 


lumn sum nnh/ anH fhmfiw. W1 ® P 6 better off even after. 

lump sum only, and therefore 
the cost of the exercise can be 
a lot cheaper pro rata. 

It ualro posable to take oat 
a pension mortgage on a 
spouse's self-employed in- 
come if say, the major earner 
has a company pension 

It is alsp possible to arrange 


say, just 10 years of a pension 
mortgage. His pension fund, 
though “frozen” will continue 
to .roll up free of tax. Also he 
might well have acc umulat ed 
aifficient premiums during 
the 10 years to have covered 
to? loan repayment by the end 
of the term and wouldn't even 
have to change his type of 

gage should you choose — 
“unit linked” or “with 
profits"? The consensus at the 
moment is that unit linked 
contracts have performed 
much better than unth profits 
m the last 10 years or. so. 

Martin Palmer of Fair- 
childs, however, would sug- 
gest that with profits is safer 

fora short term policy because 
he says “you need a few years 
to do a unit linked policy 
justice and iron out the up and 
downs of the equity markets.” 
As with anv with 
profits/unit linked policy 
choice, it very much depends 
on the saver's own attitude to 

plan performance table was 
Target Life’s unit linked man- 
aged fund which produced 
£46.646 on premiums of 
£1,000 a year over 10 years. 
Scottish Amicable's with-prof- 
its pension plan over the same 
period, with the same £1,000 
invested was the top yielder at 
£34,220. The difference is 

If you are able to -pay a 
pension mortgage pre mium , 
annually instead of every 
month there are two advan- 
tages. Most life offices charge 
an extra 3.25 per cent admin- 
istration fee for monthly 
payments; Don’t be put off 

Inland Revenue thought the 
figure was too high and that 
the friendly society was abus- 
ing its status as one of tire old 
societies which could write 
these tax-exempt policies. 

The new policies are not 
tax-exempt. The friendly soci- 
ety pays corporation tax and 
capital gains tax' on the fund, 
although as qualifying policies 
toe proceeds at the end of JO 
years-wfll be tax-free in the 
bands on the investors. 

At the time ofthe launch .of 
Baby Bond Mark I it was said' 
that the tax exempt status 
would mean that gains of 10 
per cent would be boosted to 

After 10 years, a 
return of £1,800 

than thousands, so tire Inland, 

the time ofthe launch of “^toousands,so the I n^nd,; | 
Bond Mark I it was said ab °ut 

the tax exempt status ^toenjy soaety getting too, J» 
1 mean that H W«r m a ^ ess Y e u> «* marketing. r» 

15 percent 
But now the people from 
Tunbridge Wells hint that 
returns on the new policy will 
not be very different from 
those of a tax-exempt policy. 
The start-up cost of the 
scheme can be offset against 
tax, capital gains are indexed 
and in a new and growing fund 
there will be few reasons to 
, realize any gains. 

■ These uo i t-iinked funds win 
be managed by Kleinwort 
Benson, the largest merchant 
bank-in the UK. Premiums for 

eadipolicyare limited to£100 

or £200 a year (or lump sums 

of £810 or £1,620). • 

But there is no limit of how 
[ many, policies an adult can 
Tor any jiiild, including 
his or her own. The proceeds 
of the policy belong to the 
-child on maturity after 10 
years and will not be aggregat- 
ed with the parents' income. 

On maturity the policy can 
be cashed in, or allowed to 
grow with or without new 

The policy is .written on the 
life of the child but by law 
there can be no pay-out be- 
yond a return of premiums 
until the child is 10— oresum- 

barely pay tax at all — should 
they consider switching mort- 
gage types? Here the advice to 
a self- employed person with 
an endowment mortgage tak- 
en out before 1974 would 
probably be “stay with it" as 
you will still be benefiting 
from 15 per cent tax relief on 
the premiums. 

But it is worth a sett- 
employed low tax payer con- 
sidering shifting to a pension 
mortgage because although he 
would miss out on the full tax 
relief on the premiums, he will 
still benefit from the fund’s 
freedom from capital gains 
and corporation tax, and the 
tax free roll up of the 

What, type of pension mort- 

. , **“**■• a biuiuuc iu pjimaiis. u on I OC pul Oil 

nsk and reward. A lot of by a coor reception from your 
people fed happy wnh a wth- local branch; barde or building 
profits vehicle because it is society manager 6 

lower risk— the annual bomis- If he “cariH help then? are 
es are guaranteed once added plenty of other institutions out 
tothefimd. - - there -which cam Generally 

- Thero are no^guaramees -speaking banks -are mori 
with a unit linked policy and imaginative and flexible than 
toe value ofthe policy can go building societies and the 
down as well as up as a hip ' ^ 

— - ~ — — luauvciy new boys in the field 

proportion of the fund is like Chase Manhattan and 
directly affected by the for- Chemical Bank are good bets 
tunes of the equity markets, for more sophisticated 
Don t forget you can always arrangements, 
hedge yourbeisand do a part Don’t try to compare and 
with profits/part unit linked contrast on your own. There 

P °SSL, i ^ “ !>»« and 

policy. are to« 

According to the February angles 
issue of Money Magazine, the 
top performer in its pension 

Hilaire. Gomer 

aggressive in its marketing. 

Ron Day of the Cambridge- i 
branch of the society said: 
“We obviously don't do a big 
push on it otherwise it might . 1 
attract attention. • - > 

Ron Day of the Cambridge : 1 
branch of the society, said: “A J 
new policy without tax ex- j 
empt status would build up" 
expenses in the launch so that •' 
they would not pay any tax for *' 
years. But it's a short-term- *' 
view to say that it doesn’t » 
make much difference." 

The Manchester Unity poll- • ' 
cy written on a child's life is • 
touted to premiums of £100 a 
year.- These are invested in a. I 
tax exempt account with the ' 
Northern Rock Building Sod- ■ 1 
ety. Assuming a 12 per cent '-" 
return, the investment would ■ 
turn into £1,800 after 10 years. 

■ Details: Tunbridge Wells 
Equitable Friendly Society, 
Abbey Court, St Johns Road, 
Tunbridge Weds, Kent, TN4 
9TE. Tel: Tunbridge Wells 
(0892) 41466. Manchester ' 
Unity Friendly Society, 
Oddfellows House, 40 Foun- 
tain Street, Manchester M2 
2.4B. Tel: Manchester (061) 

832 9361. x ’ 

Vivien Goldsmith 

-7 *• 
xr -t. 





Ifyou’rcanewbprrowerthe v Call in at any branch or send off 

mortgage rate at National & Provincial the coupon for written details, 

is now down 1 . 00 % to 1100 % (typical Interest rates are subject to variation. 

AML 11.80%). Security required for all loans. 




Building Society 

Toe Derek Booth, National A Provincial Building Society, 
Bradford, FREEPOST, West Yorkshire, BD1 1BR. 







Unit Trust Man agers ofthe year 

Perpetual^ the top performer 

-.^nial TheOhsmw's 1985 UnillrusiMiJwgen oTihe Year | I 

is-™ 13 ?!™" O'er 

Arbib. Bob Yertuny. ScoU McGUshan and Martin Rawh - have been J 
product performance plums well . ..... M i rf ffiM 

Ibr many years... 

■ w HB^aaa imd, x v 

Few stars in the world ranking | 

diebestperformets... M^MtMMairiHaBim 

* HP\n U4blZJ\ED« >5 

Who is best of the biggest unit Managers? 

consiil f nc > 10 ^rpeawl - - - forachiev mg a place in the top 
fi e for aDiheyeare shown. (One rear, iwoyeare, three vean, I OUT y^ts. 
live >-aii5 dnd ten yean > . _ 

9d^2c%fash IJHtJiih-y* 

L 2.747% 

U-V CaprtaJ Erowtfr 





Better terms in the summer 


Hundreds of Oxford students 
who received payment from 
their parents through cove- 
nants last year found them- 
selves having difficulty 
claiming supplementary bene- 
fits during the long summer 

In previous years social 
security officials had accepted 
that parental contributions to 
grants made through cove- 
nants related only to the weeks 
of term time and the two short 
vacations. This entitles stu- 
dents with no other visible 
means of support to weekly 
payments of supplementary 
benefits during summer. 

But last summer the claims 
office in Oxford suddenly 
started treating covenant pay- 
ments as covering all 52 weeks 
of the year, thereby disqualify- 
ing or reducing many 
students' entitlements to sup- 
plement benefits during the 
summer months. 

Students eventually got 
their benefit through exgraiia 
payments. The problems at 
Oxford apparently had been 
caused by an anomaly in the 
rules, but what is the situation 
for students this summer? 

Last November Tony New- 
ton. the Minister for Social 
Security, introduced statutory 
regulations to ensure that 
students with parental cove- 
nants should not be discrimi- 
nated against in this fashion 

State education grants and 
ordinary non-coven anled pa- 
rental contributions, for in- 

stance. have always been 
regarded as weekly income 
during the academic year only 
— excluding the long vacation 
when students qualify for 
supplementary benefits. 

The regulations were an- 
nounced late last year, then, to 
restore the status quo — much 
to the relief of the National 
Union of Students, not to 
mention those parents ap- 

palled to find their tax savings 
effectively being paid for 
through their offspring's loss 
of supplementary benefits. 

The rules are as follows. 
Covenanted income that 
brings a student's income up 
to the level of the maximum 
maintenance grant set by the 
Department of Education 
(£2,000 per year) is treated as 
being paid during just the 
weeks of the academic year, 
but not the full 52. So this 
means that for the long vaca- 
tion studlents with no jobs or 
other sources of income can 
claim the basic £23.60 a week 
supplementary benefit if they 
live at home. 

But the regulations also 
state that students who receive 
covenanted income that 
brings their annual mainte- 
nance payments to above that 
maximum figure will be pe- 
nalized Excess payments will 
be spread over the 52 weeks 
and therefore reduce the enti- 
tlement to supplementary 
benefit during the long 

The National Union of 
Students and the Consumers' 
Association have both in the 
past recommended that cove- 
nant payments should be 

S * — "'-V 'r ' 

- - 

Law Report May 3 1986 

Job loss after returning late 
from holiday is dismissal 

, tfej . - .if 

v. x . -- pi ■ 

Johnson Matlhey the employers dated August 1 8. 

iLtd 1 "rhe Jmer included h^ragree- 

d Justice Slade. Lord meot to return to > w«* o® 
ber and Lord Justice September^ 1983 if die faffed 
to return on that date her 
given April 23J “contract of employment wu 

Irion for automatic automatically terminate on tna 
a of employment on date". . 

vport for work on a Mrs Igbo returned to mis 
laze, introduced by country on September -M i out 
iation of a subsisting, fell ill and could not remrnto 
f employment, bad work on September 2s. 
if limiting the opera- produced a medical certificate 
ions 54 and 55 of the gating that die was unable to 

lent Protection attend. . . . 

don) Act 1978 and ns Subsequently, she had a meet’ 

to convert a right not ing with the employers in ^^r 
irty dismissed into a trial relations supenntenoent 
1 right not to be so and was told .that if sne 
forwarded a medical certificate 

Before Lord Justice Slade; Lord 
Justice Parker and Lord Justice 

[Judgment given April 23] 

A provirion for automatic 
termination of employment on 
failure to report for work on a 
specified date, introduced by 
way of variation of a subsis tin g, 
contract of employment, bad 
the effect of limiting the opera- 
tion of sections 54 and 55 of tbe 
Employment Protection 
(Consolidation) Act 1978 and its 
effect was to convert a ri^it not 
to be unfairly dismissed into a 

conditional right not to be so 


Tbe Court of Appeal so held 
in a reserved judgment allowing 
an appeal by Mrs Agatha Igbo 
against the judgment of the 
Employment Appeal Tribunal 
{The times Febmary 9, 1985; 
[1986] ICR 82) who dismissed 
Mrs Igbo's appeal from the 
decision of an industrial tri- 
bunal-dated May 1. 1984, that 

be disring3Mshe^fr° ,n 

case, if Mrs Igbo was to succeed 

STcoun had to overrule the 

to the notice 

of appeal, for which leave •» 
given m ihe course of Jhe : 
hearing, that situation was 

fe«d and 
Sided that 

1978 Act which was ireiUwr 
relied on nor mentioned in «« 
.Ashraf case. 

provision m the holt^i^Wr. 
Sent that Mrs 

employment wo^ autwmm- 
cally terminate if she _fr thrijQ 
return to work 

It was. accordin^y, submitted 
that, had the pomlbeen takes m 

forwarded a medical certifi ca te differently- Tim 

covering the period of absence comeDD(>n was dearly one of 
she would be considered for substance and; importance. 

reemployment. She did that but 
tbe employers decided against 


both substance and unpororo. 

It was common ground mo 
was established rnJos^mv 

me juogmcni 01 me me erapiojci* was estaousnea hi r 

ilqyment Appeal Tribunal reempfoying her. . Joseph (II967J Ch 78) that the 

r Times feoraary 9, 1985; Both the industrial trflnmtd words “in so far as it purports to 
6] ICR 82) who dismissed and appeal tribunal conclLKiea w limit" in section 

ana appeal umui— : — -j 

that Mrs Igbo was not dismissed 
on the ground that the orient 
nm* was indistinguishable from 
British UrianFW). Lid ? 

Mrs Igbo’s application for unfen- British LeytaruT (UK). Lid v 
dismissal foiled because she was Ashraf{\ < )i^\ ICR 979) m which 
not dismissed by her employers, ihc appeal tribunal bad held that 
Johnson Matthey Chemicals the employee under similar 
Ltd, but that her contract of encumstances case had not been 

Brighter days ahead: Now the soda! security roles 

matte three rimes a year at the 
start of the academic terms in 
October, January and April to 
make it clear that they cover 
only the academic year and 
not the summer months. 

According to the Depart- 
ment of Health and Social 
Security, the wording of cove- 
nants as for as this is con- 
cerned no longer matters. All 

covenanted income up to the 
level of the maximum educa- 
tion grant is to be treated in 
the same way, no matter when 
it is paid. The new regulations 
clarify a grey area - any 
student who still runs into 
trouble with his or her claims 
should appeal 1 

In the long term, however, it 
is the Government's stated 

more in students' favour 

aim to see students being 
supported entirely on mainte- 
nance grams or through their 
own earnings. This presum- 
ably means that eventually 
student access to benefits will 
be reduced. But how and when 
this will come about is 
1 anybody's guess. 

Maggie Drummond 

employment came to an eod on 
her not reporting for work on 
September 28. 1983. • 

The court refused leave to 
appeal to the House of Lords. 

Mi» Jane Walker for Mrs 
Igbcc Mr Brian Keith lor the 

giving tbe judgment of the court, 
said that Mrs Igbo was em- 
ployed by foe employers from 
1976.. In August 1983 she 
wished to go on holiday to visit 
her husband and children in 
Nigeria and she wanted three 
days extra bobday. 

She was granted that exten- 
sion oa the terms of a letter from 

dismissed but foal there had 
been a consensual termination 
of foe contract of employment. 

That caw was distinguished 
in Midland Electric MaNdac- 
turing Co Ltd v Kanji ([1980] 
IRLR 185) and in Tracey s Zest 
Equipment Co Ltd ([1982] ICR 

481) but in neither case was foe 
decision in the Ashraf case 

In the instant appeal it was at 
first submitted that foe appeal 
tribunal had erred in applying 
the Ashraf case rather than 
following foe two later cases. 
That submission was without 
substance. . 

There was no possible ground 
on which tbe present case could 

140(1 Xa) meant "m so far as it 
has* foe effect of excluding or 

limiting". . 

The question was therefore 
whether any provision in foe 
bolidav agreement had the etfea 
of excluding or Emiting foe 
operation or any provision of 

^It was indisputable that foe 
agreement had foe effect of 
varying foe COIldlOOOS of Mfi 
Igbo's contract of employment, 
so far as it was valid. 

In those circumstances it was 
impossible to avoid foe conclu- 
sion that the provision for 
automatic termination had the 
effect, if valid, of limiting foe 
operation of the sec tions . 

It was. therefore, void by 
virtue of section 140. Accord- 
ingly. British Leyiand (UK) Ltd v 
Ashraf was wrongly derided and 
must now be overruled. 

Solicitors: Stuart A. West & 
Co, Islington; Taylor Garrett 

Making the 
most of a good 

Fresh evidence on appeal 



■ Savings certificates 
offer a way to book your 
cash in at today's 
interest rates. But not all 
investors can afford to 
forgo income — HARRY 
POWELL explains 
bow to get income out of 
3 1st Issue National 
Savings certificates 

Falling interest rates in other 
parts of the savings market 
have left some National Sav- 
ings products looking attrac- 
tive again. 

This is notably true of rite 
31st issue of National Savings 

These certificates give a 
compound annual return of 
7.85 per cent, tax-free. There 
are penalties on early 
encashment and basic rate 
taxpayers can. at least at 
present, do better with some 
of the higher interest accounts 
of the building societies. 

Savings certificates have the 
great advantage, however, that 
the interest rate is fixed and 
guaranteed, so anyone who 
expects that interest rates will 
decline further, and stay 
down, would do well to con- 

sider them before this cunent 
issue is withdrawn. 

Also, the return is free of tax 
at all rates, and not just basic 
rale. To a 60 per cent tax 
payer, the 7.85 per cent inter- 
est rate grosses up to 19.6 per 

The certificates are basically 
a term investment and should 
be held for the full five years if 
the maximum return is to be 
achieved. But a system of 
regular annual encashments 
will yield a useful tax-free 

This can benefit not only 
high-rate taxpayers, but also 
elderly savers of more moder- 
ate means, facing the notori- 
ous "age allowance trap". 

The Government can with- 
draw any issue of certificates 
without notice, so 3 1st Issue 
may not be around much 
longer if interest rates contin- 
ue to falL 

Elderly savers and 
high-rate taxpayers 
get the benefits 

The certificates are avail- 
able in £25 units up to a total 
of £5.000 (200 units) a person. 
Every unit rises in value to 
£36.48 in five years. The value 
increases at the end of foe first 
year, and at the end of every 
subsequent period of three 

SftMUKHJim t 3 s MM W)8B08S&g 


Borden (UK) Ltd r Potter P«* » *be doctors farther 
- i.,--,, r ,. medical report winch would 

P SSSa have said that tbe dismissed 

Vickers M 80 ^ ^ N ' empto^ee's story was not really 

[Judgment given April 23] .It was not disputed that on an 

Where a party in proceedings application for leave to call fresh 
before an industrial tribunal evidence before the Court of 
wished to call fresh evidence Appeal, the test to be .applied 
once a decision ted been taken ^ the party ha d to show 

in those proceedin g s, foe tri- 
bunal, whether ft was tbe indus- 
trial tribunal or tbe 
Employment Appeal Tribunal, 

that the evidence could not 
been obtained with due 
gence at the time of triaL 

The approach m rule lOOXd) 
accorded with foe ordinary prin- 
ciples of evidence, and it might 
well be that it entirely coincided 
whb the reasonable explanation 
test in die two cases. 

It was true that proceedings 
before an industrial tribunal and 
foe Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal were intended to be less 
formal than High Court 
proceedings, and that when foe 
question of reasonability was 

had to be satisfied that the ^ £&£*** StES** 
existence of that evidence cotffd (IndiafUd 

not have been reasonab ly 111972 ] ICR 118). which was 

litanm nr fMCAnaKlv fi ' VrcAP n . • . ■ « _ .... .1 * ■ 

Tbe test in tbe employment ' considered h might be tint the 
tpea] tribunal, from Bagga * Employment Appeal Tribunal 
easy Electricals (India) ■ Ltd would lode more favourably on 

The table shows three plans 
by which an annual income 
can be drawn from a holding 
of £5,000 in 31st Issue. 

They can be operated in 
addition to any schemes al- 
ready in use with previous 

The system allows for foe 
partial repayment of multiple 
certificates, so there should be 
no practical difficulty in mak- 
ing rite encashments. 

The plans are flexible in that 
the number of units to be 
encashed can be increased or 
reduced according to 

And because of the tax-free 
nature of Savings certificates, 
foe proceeds do not bave to be 
included on annual tax 


pfoying the 

Annual income plans for use with 31st issue National 
Savmgs Certificates 

Plan A NacfCS Ropaymant 

units valua 

At end of: sncuhed £ 

Year 1 13 343.72 

Year 2 13 368.60 

Year 3 13 39520 

Year 4 12 397.44 

Year5 12 437.76 

Total 83 . 1,940.72 

Plan 8 , 

Year 1 14 370.16 

Year 2 14 39480 

Year 3 13 39520 

Year 4 • 12 39744 

Year 5 10 364.80 

Total 63 1.S22AQ 

Year? 15 396.60 

Year 2 14 39A8Q 

Year 3 13 395*0 

Year 4 11 364.32 

Year5 10 36480 

Total 63 1.915.72 

in each case a total at 63 units is encashed, tearing 137 units worth 
£439776. The average return, on a simple interest bests, Is about 73 per 
cent a year, tax-free 

Now free contents 
insurance offer 
from the TSB 

known or reasonably foreseen. 

The Employment Appeal Tri- 
bunal so held when it refused, 
on a preliminary bearing, an 
application by foe company to 
call fresh evidence following tbe 
decision of the industrial tri- 
bunal on September 18. 1985. 
which had found that the em- 
ployee had been unfairly dis- 

Mr Roger McCarthy for the 
company, Mr David Cockbum, 
solicitor, for the employee. 


endorsed by International Avi- litigai 
at ion Services (UK) Ltd v Jones case. 
([1979] ICR 371). was whether If 1 
there was a reasonable explana- differ 
tion. explai 

His Lordship said that it was tantly 
with great diffidence that the foe la 
court would disagree with those In 1 
cases, but- rale 10( 0(d) of foe . -make 

the failur e of an unre pres e nted 
litigant in foe preparation of his 

If the test in rule lOHXd) 
differed from foe- reasonable 
explanation test, foe court reluc- 
tantly pre ferred foe former to 
foe latter. 

In foe present case it would 

Industrial Tribunals (Roles of 
Procedure) Regulations (S1 1 985 
No 16) provided: 

"A tribunal shall have power 
to review and to revoke or vary 
by certificate under the 

he present case 1 
-make iiule difference because 
the industrial tribunal found the 
company acted unreasonably in 
not going back to the doctor 
after the employee gave his 
second explanation, and. if foe 
test was that of reasonable 
explanation, there had been no 
such explanation as to why they 
did not obtain it. - 

Applying the test under rule 
10(1 Kd). it was reasonably 
foreseeable that the donor's 
view on the second version 
needed to be obtained, and. 
accordingly, the court was not 
prepared to give leave for the 
fresh evidence to be called. 

His Lordship added that foe 
feet that an industrial tribunal 
and the Employment Appeal 
Tribunal had less formal proce- 
dures did not mean that such 
applications were likely to be 
favourably entertained as a 
matter of course. 

Nor was it to be thought by 
litigants that those tribunals' 
rules were less strict than else- 
where so that if they were 
unsuccessful before an indus- 
trial tribunal they could appeal 
with different evidence. 

Solicitors; Paidoe David & 
Shaw, Bridgwater; Pattinson & 

WELL said that foe industrial chairman’s hmd any tension 
tribunal had found that the on . 

Itepoyman* employee gave an explanation eyidenre had become avsulable 
V-U S over an alleged assault on '3^“^ 

£ another employee who was in- “croon 

343-72 jured which differed from foe relates provided that its exis- 

subsequeni account be gave to 
foe company's general produc- 
tion manager investigating the 

twice could not have been 
reasonably known of or 

That accorded with foe 

Medical evidence was avail- reasonable diligence test on an 
able to foe effect that tbe injuries appucaoon from foe High Court 
were consistent with one rack! to A* 5 ^9 url Pf. Appeal because 

were consistent with one rapid 10 w \ouri 
assault, and the tribunal found reasonable c 
that foe company had foiled to soraedegree 
question the doctor as to foresight, 
whether the employee’s second “ was not i 
explanation was consistent with aWe exp»atm 
the doctoris findings. as ^ was - 

uce involved 
knowledge or 

It was not dear if ihe reason- 
able explanation test in foe two 
cases was intended to be less 

It was therefore implicit foal ^ lct or indeed a stricter test 
it was unreasonable of foe than that m role 10(1 Kd). 

company not to have asked the Cleariv, foe Employment Ap^ 
doctor, and the tribunal deter- peal Tribunal should approach 
mined that tbe dismissal was an application for fresh ev- 

unfair because tbe employers idence on tbe same basis as an 
had faffed to obtain a fuller and application to an industrial 
fairer picture before foe decision tribunal for a review. It was 

10 dismiss was taken. 

His Lordship said that foe 

company now sought leave to test. 

inconceivable that an industrial 
tribunal should apply a different 


Dicing with a fortune 

If your share dealings have let 
you down or the whole busi- 
ness of investing in the stock 
Exchange is just too nerve- 
racking. you might "Strike It 
Rich" with a new board game. 

You pay a one-off £24.95 
commission to foe shop and 
are let loose with a pile of 
plastic money, a calculator. 40 
real companies and their share 
prices in foe year to February 

A throw of the dice deter- 
mines how much money you 
have, but you must decide in 
which companies to invest — 
MFI. British Telecom. Tesco, 
Sketchley and Asprey are 
there, alongside some less 
familiar names such as Crown 
International Products and 

When a player comes to sell 
shares, he or she has to pick a 
time card which gives a finan- 
cial snapshot of foe week. For 
instance, in the week ending 
January 10 the £ was at 
^ index was 
H06.I and Michael Hesdtine 

resigned over foe Westland 
affair. But you have to decide 
whether to sell your share 
stake without knowing the 
price. You can look up foe 
actual price only when you 
deride to sell. 

The game ends at a prede- 
termined time and all tbe 
players sell up. The winner fa 
the one with the most money. 

The game was fopught up 
by Andrew Wood, who de- 
vises TV game shows, includ- 
ing the darts game, Bullseye, 
watched by more than 14 
million people on Sundays. 

He says: “Strike It Rich will 
appeal to investors and non- 

investors who have only ob- 
served tbe excitement of 
playing foe market." 

He claims the game will 
take foe mystery out of share 
dealing. But that is going a bit 
far. The intricacies of bid-and- 
offer spreads, commissions, 
dividends dealing within the 
account, takeovers, rights is- 
sues and the like are complete- 
ly eliminated from foe family 

Drawingroom dealers will 
be able to get an update of tbe 
real stock market prices used 
in foe game in a year's time. 

The clean-up for charity 

The generous offer made by 
dry cleaners Sketchley to its 
shareholders to collect un- 
warned clothes for charity has 
proved a great success. 

More than 4,000 coals and 
outer garments were taken 
into Sketchley branches by 
shareholders, where they were 

cleaned and repaired free of 
charge. They were then hand- 
ed over to Help foe .Aged and 
Dr Bamardo’s- 

The garments will be of- 
fered for sale through the 
charities' shop networks and 
will raise an estimated J 0.000. 

Buying mortgages is becoming 
a bit tike buying soap powder 
as lenders vie with each other 
to offer special price reduc- 
tions and bolt-on extras to 
tempt customers in their 

The latest bank to indulge in 
a spot of competitive packag- 
ing is the Trustee Savings 
Bank which has added an offer 
of free bouse contents insur- 
ance to its mortgage terms. For 
anyone living in tbe high risk 
metropolitan areas, this could 
be a very valuable perk. 

Tbe bank is also offering, 
tike the Midland and the 
Abbey National, a mortgage 
guarantee certificate promis- 
ing the availability of a mort- 
gage for a period of three 
months after tbe application 
has been accepted. 

The TSB is givtng free 
contents cover np to £17,000 to 
new borrower s , an offer which 
has the incidental effect of 
being worth considerably sure 
to people with big houses or 
those who live in high risk 
areas. An added attraction is 
that the insurance Is under- 
written by a panel of highly 
respectable companies, includ- 
ing Provincial Insurance. Ea- 
gle Star, General Accident and 
Norwich Union. 

For people with small 
bouses in low risk areas 
(pla ces w ith fewer burglaries) 
tbe TSB offer has a distinctly 
less attractive look. If you own 
a three bedroom semi-de- 
tached house in Bath, a very 
km risk area, the contents 
insurance p remi um you win 
save fa £47.60. For die amg 

sized bouse in Suttou it would 
be£59.5Q, bat if it was in north 
west London, which is notori- 
ously thick with burglars, you 
would be saving a handsome 

Yon do even better with 
larger properties. A five bed- 
room bouse in north west 
London would mean a saving 
on tbe insurance premium of 
£270. If the value of ynr 
bouse contests fa more than 
£17,000 you can top np die 
cover by paying for the excess 

Clearly for certain home- 1 
owners the offer is more 
attractive than for others, so it ! 
is worth weighing carefully 
how much you will save before 

Less attractive to 
lower borrowers 

taking a TSB mortgage cost- , 
ing 11.5 per cent — half a 
percentage point above most 
other bank and haihiiag soci- 
ety rates. 

The TSB insists that the 
higher rate fa to cover the cost 
of the “free" mortgage protec- 
tion insurance which comes 
automatically with its home 
loans. Tbe free mortgage pro- 
tection fa most attractive to 
people borrowing less than 

£30,000 who can effectively 
get tax relief on their protec- 
tion policy bjr paying for it 

through, higher mortgage 

Richard Thomson 

Banking Correspondent 1 

Times Portfolio Gold rules are 
as follows: 

1 Times Portfolio fa free. 
Purchase ofTbe Times is not a 
condition of taking part 

2 Times Ponfilio list com- 
prises a group of public com- 
panies whose shares are listed 
on foe Stock Exchange and 
quoted is The Times Stock 
Exchange prices page. Tbe 
companies comprising that 
list wifi change from day to 
day. Tbe list (which fa num- 
bered 1 — 44) is divided into 
four randomly distributed 
groups of 1L shares. Every 
Portfolio card contains two 
numbers from each group and 
each card contains a unique 
set of numbers. 

3 Times portfolio 'dividend* 
will be tbe figure in pence 
which represents the optimum 
movement in prices (i.e. foe 
largest increase or lowest loss) 
of a combination of eight (two 
from each randomly 
disuibutedgroup within the 44 
shares) of foe 44 shares which 
on any one day comprise The 
Times Portfolio list. 

4 The duly dividend will be 
announced each day and the 
weekly dividend will be an- 
nounced each Saturday in The 

5 Times Portfolio list and 
details of the daffy or weekly 
dividend will also be available 
for inspection at the offices of 
The Times. 

6 If tile overall price move- 
ment of more than one combi- 
nation of shares equals the 
dividend, the prize will be 
equally divided among the 
claimants holding those com- 
binations of shares. 

7 Ail claims are subject to 
scrutiny before payment Any 

Times Portfolio card that fa 
defaced, tampered with or 
incorrectly printed, in any way 
will be declared void. 

8 Employees of News Inter- 
national pic and its subsidiar- 
ies and of Europrint Group 
Limited (producers and dis- 
tributors of foe card) or mem- 
bers of their immediate 
families are not allowed to 
play Times Portfolio. 

9 All participants will be 
subject to these Rules. All 
instructions on "how to play” 
and “how to daim” whether 
published in Hie Times or in 
Times Portfolio cards wil] be 
deemed to be part of these 
Rules. The Editor reserves the 
right to amend the Rules. 

10 In any dispute. The 
Editor’s decision fa final and 
no correspondence will be 
entered mto. 

11 If for any reason The 
Times Prices Page fa not 
published in the normal way 
Times Portfolio will. be. sus- 
pended for that day. 

. How to phj — Daily 

On each day your unique set 
of eight numbers will repre- 
sent commercial and industri- 
al shares published in The 
Times Portfolio list which will 
appear on the Stock Exchange 

In foe columns provided 
next to your shares note the 
price change 1+ or-), in pence, 
as published in that day's 

After listing the price 
changes of your eight shares 
for that day, add up all eight 
share changes to give you your 
overall total plus or minus (+ 

Check your overall total 
against The Times Portfolio 
dividend published on the 
Stock Exchange Rices page. 

If your overall total matches 
Tbe Times Portfolio dividend 
you have won outright or a 
share of the total prize money 
stated for that day and most 
daim your prize as instructed 

How to play — Weekly 

Monday-Saturday record your 
daily Portfolio total. 

Add these together to deter- 
mine your weekly Portfolio 

If your total matches tbe 

g fished weekly dividend 
re you have won outright 
or a share of the prize money 
stated for that week, and must 
daim your prize as instructed 

How to rfatm 

Telephone The Times Portfo- 
lio cfaitns fine 0254-53272 
between lO.OOaia and 3_30pm. 
on tire day your overall total 
matches The Times Portfolio 
Dividend. No dnhn« can be 
accepted outside these hours- 
You must have your card 
with you when you telephone. 

If yon are unable to tele- 
phone someone else can claim 
on your behalf but they must 
have your card and call The 
Times Portfolio claims line 
between the stipulated tunes. 

No rettxmsibility can be 
accepted for failure to contact 
the claims office for any 
reason within the sated 
hours. . 

The above instructions are 
applicable to both daily and 
weekly dividend daims. . 



Hahn’s muscular morals 

One hundred years ago a Jewish boy was 
bom to a family in Germany who was to 
have an extraordinary influence on 
British education. 

He was to become the founder and 
first headmaster of the school that 
educated the future king of England and 
^lis brothers, and the driving force 
behind the creation of the Duke of 
Edinburgh's Award scheme and the 
Outward Bound courses. 

He was. of course. Kurt Hahn. Bom on 
June 5. 1886. he was best known in 
Britain for establishing Gordonstoun. 
the public school in Scotland famous for 
its cold showers and outdoor pursuits, 
and for educating Prince Charles. 

But Mr Hahn developed an interna- 
tional reputation with the founding of 
Atlantic College in Wales, which was to 
be the first of six United World Colleges, 
and for his influence on the concept of 
learning by experience. 

His early life as a rebel in Nazi 
Germany left an indelible mark, infect- 
ing him with a passion for peace and for 
the brotherhood of man. To that extent 
his ideas are thoroughly contemporary 
and rational, but the intense compassion 
he felt for others was combined with a 

Life in Nazi Germany 
left an indelible mark 

conviction that character was best tested 
by physical challenge, by pitting oneself 
against the elements and preferably 
risking death. 

For a man who was himself physically 
frail, his emphasis on physical toughness 
was eccentric, if not downright old- 
fashioned. One wonders what it did for 
the characters of the shivering African 
and Chinese students in St Donat's 
Castle at Atlantic College who were 
made to swim at 7am in a cold 
swimming pool every day of the year? 

Like many of his generation. Hahn 
despaired of the ways of modem youth. 
In 1962 he wrote an article in The 
Listener in which he said the young were 
exposed to six "declines": the decGne in 
fitness, due to modem ways of moving 
about: the decline in skill and care, due 
to the weakened tradition of craftsman- 
ship: the decline in initiative and 
enterprise, due to the widespread disease 
of spectatoritis: the decline in memory 
and imagination, due to the confused 
restlessness of our civilization: and the 
worst decline, the decline in compassion, 
due to the unseemly haste with which 
modem life is conducted. 

In a bracing, and somewhat pompous 
recipe for reversing these declines. Hahn, 
a confirmed bachelor, advocated a 
kindling of the “non-poisonous 
passions". At puperty he went on, boys 
should develop the zest for building, the 
joy of research, the love of painting, 
music, or writing, the eagerness of 
adventurous enterprise. He added: “You 
should, in fact, satisfy the creative 
instinct and thereby forestall sexual 
impulses from monopolizing emotional 

Kurt Hahn was 
born 100 years 
ago. Lucy Hodges, 



looks at his 

influence on 

British education 

His rotund and otiose use of English 
suited the importance of his message. 
Boys (girls did not really enter into his 
scheme of things) should do athletics 
four times a week, he said. Second, they 
should go on expeditions: third, they 
should cany out a project of their choice; 
fourth, they should have an opportunity 
for "aloneness"; and fifth, they should be 
trained in a rescue service. 

It is easy to poke fun at the hearty mus- 
cularity of Kurt Hahn's message. Alex 
Peterson, former director of the Institute 
of Education at Oxford who helped 

Master and pnpO: The Dake of 
Edinburgh with Kurt Hahn in 1964 — 
the Duke studied in the Salem school 
in Germany for year 

Hahn to set up Atlantic College, says he 
wanted to give young people physical 
and practical skills so that they would be 
able to do something about problems - 
to take action as well as to think and to 

Hahn's great legacy was the United 
World Colleges which promote interna- 
tional education for sixth formers. The 
colleges are independent and combine 
high academic standards with a strong 
commitment to Hahn's vision of active 
community service. They have also 
helped to pioneer the International 
Baccalaureate, a much more imaginative 
and stimulating course than A-Ievels. 

The great man would probably have 
approved of the way Atlantic College has 
turned out - full of intellectually alive 
students with highly developed social 
consciences. But he might jib a little at 
the academic excellence so dearly visible 
beneath Its rugged exterior. 

He wanted his students to do well, but 
the child of limited talent who hoisted 

himself up to middle rank through 
, diligence was more deserving, in his 
eyes, than the gifted child who did 

He would have been pleased that 
students at Atlantic College continue 
with the life saving service which he 
began at the school beaeause of his idea 
that the highest form of service was to 
save a drowning man from death. Before 
Atlantic College opened, he said that the 
rescue service would have a place of 
honour in the timetable "uniting mem- 
bers of different nations through the 
common bond of active humanity". 

He would certainly have approved of 
the college's emphasis on moral and 
political education — peace studies, for 
example. Hahn learnt his political 
lessons the hard way. having been 
arrested in 1933 by the Nazis after teling 
former students of Salem, the school he 
established in Germany, that they had to 
choose between Hitler and Salem. 

Seventeen days after Hitler came to 
power he made a speech in which he 
outlined what was good and bad in 
fascist education and the dangers it held 
for his country. But Hitler sent a 
telegram of congratulation to two Nazis 

Great emphasis on moral 
and political education 

who had been arrested for stamping to 
death a Communist. This outraged Hahn 
and he took the action which was to lead 
to his arresL 

Released after the intervention of 
Ramsay MacDonald. Hahn had to leave 
Germany because the Nazi regime 
decreed that he was never to return to the 
country and to travel no further south 
than the River Main. According to his 
sister-in-law. Lola. Hahn turned to his 
friend Barrington Ward, editor of The 
Times, whom he had known at Oxford. 
io help him sum a new school. 

Hahn decided he wanted to establish a 
school in Scotland. His friends advised 
against it. saying that parents would not 
want to be separated so far from their 
sons. But Hahn insisted on the grounds 
that he needed the mountains and the sea 
to educate his boys. Gordonstoun was 

This was to be the beginning of many 
educational institutions founded by 
Kurh Hahn after leaving Germany. At 
first Gordonsloun's existence was ex- 
tremely precarious, but by making it 
work Hahn demonstrated his flair for 
getting projects off the ground. 

The Gordonstoun training left a deep 
impression on Prince Philip, though less 
so apparently on Prince Charles who 
may have been less enamoured of cold 

Richard Taylor, director of linked 
World Colleges, defends the Hahnian 
philosophy. "If you are not able to lower 
yourself into a swimming pool at 7.00 
o'clock in the morning, you are not going 
to be very good in an offshore lifeboat,'’ 
he says. Quite so. 

happy community 
where girls learn the art 
of living and 
are encouraged 

to achieve T2F ^ 

• New music school, ■jpons hall wmpuiar room, and 
Vlth harm centre efflmphuad within Iasi five years 

• Examination courses tor all levels lion CSE to 
University Entrance 

• Peaceful parkland setting with a maw erf Rtey Bay 

• 390 girts. B to 18 years Day gute art weekly boarders 

Mephcra Headmistress Joan Jrdtcnorrtora prospectus 

anti YHS cassette 



Judge, u& fy oM'Am&fr/ 

Schools cannot canticaue to prepare 
children for a society which m longer exists 



The curriculum is modem and relevant 
The approach is disciplined and dedicated 
The concern is for the individual 
The challenges are tough - they need to be 
The process can lake nine years (9-18) - we think it is 
worth h 

,4s a parent, if vou want your son to be enterprising 
resourceful and sdfrdiani. then contact us: 

BREDON SCHOOL (Boys Independent 
Boarding & Day). 

Pud Coart, BasMey, Nr Tewfcesbary. 
Glos, GL20 6 AH Tel: 0684-293156 

EDINGT0N and SHAPWICK SCHOOLS provide a lively, nwilti- 
sensoty, and academic programme geared In the DYSLEXIC 
child's needs. 

EDINGT0N SCHOOL offers day and boarding for boys and 
girts aged S-13. whilst SHAPVV1CK SCHOOL provides a G CS E. 
course and career guidance (or buys aged 13*18. 

For forth*? information contact: 

The Hradmasie/, Edington School Mark Rd, Burtfe. 

Nr. Bridgwaler, Somerset TH: I CUTS) ?J2ni! 

Hie Joint Headmasters. Shapwick Senior School. 
Shapwick Manor. Shapwick. Nr. Bridgwater. Somerset. 

Tel; (0458) 2ID3KI 


(FiwaM BiwiMtfUv Sdwai) 

Clarence Lane, 

Roehaiapton SW15 
01-876 9991 

lbstock Place, on the edge of Richmond Park, is 
co*educaiionaJ from 3-16 (300 pupils). A broad 
based curriculum is offered throughout. leading 
to ’O’ levels at 16. There are 3 departments. 
Kindergarten. Junior and Senior. Entrance at 
1(4- is by examination. 




Tab 4fi7 02M 


Personal Tuition / flexible intensive 
course beginners / refreshers / audio. 
Day/evening ! weekend. Start dafly. 
Teb 01-582 3702 (24hrs) 



Entrance Scholarships 1986 

Ames bury preparatory School 
invites applications for the 
Entrance Scholarship Examination 
(including the Rose Scholarship valued at up to 
Half Fees) to be held on Saturday 21st June, 
for entry in September 1986. Candidates must 
be boys under eight years old on 1st September 

_ For further details apply to: 

The Headmaster. Amesbury School. 

Hind head. Surrey. GU26 6BL 

Day. weekly & full boarding 400 girls aged 
- 18 yrs. 

Situated in pleasant surroundings 25 rains 
from Charing Cross and within easy access to 
Gatwick ana Heathrow airports. 

A relatively wide range of academic ability is 
accepted All girls are prepared for “O’ level or 
CSE and there is a full range of ‘A’ level 
courses leading to University Entrance. 

Sixth form girls have their own self-contained 
boarding house and teaching accommodation. 
Prospectus, fees and other details from Mrs V 
Roberts. School Registrar. 


Boarding and day children Approved by the Ministry of Education Abnalls Lane Lich- 
field Staffs WSI* 8BL Telephone (05432) 64387 Principal Dr E N Brown PhD MSc BA 

To This ..... 
Jrtrt a. - 


CaLI'V . ***"£ 



(It to 19] 

DEPARTMENT (8 to 111 
covering a wde range ot aca- 
demic. practical and sporting 
ability from (he age ot eight to 
university entrance rhiquati 
small classes under Honours 
Graduates and specialists. 
Discretionary awards up to 
£7 SO per annum available 
tor Sense children in tte 
Senior College. 

Sixth Form entry tor HM Ser- 
vices children at Boarding 
School Allowance. 

Contact Headmaster 
for details 

Tel: BudcneJI (054 74) 383 

Courses in Ihe 
English Riviera 

ApDbrjnoa; nw» hcvnj KteOKd tOf 
I y«a» part Im* and M tent 
MurKS mOmU lewfc, busmen 
end wtrwima) sutaetfc stanmg 
Srsttmtier For duhokus »mtr- 
Tup Secratoy. Lews Education 
iXro (Wi tom and Semen* 
CoHetri W tqrwood Sl Toma* 



Moderate^ priced 

Inrrrr ir-wi with proft'vOoiwI 

ran 1 *" attefter* io itncira A 
tro-H choK». higher eduralwn 
and rariwr Contarl The 
National Advftarv CmtTr on 
CiTwi for Women. Drayton 
Mmw. W Gordon Siren. 
Lrmiton WC1H OAX 

Tel: 01-388 D117 


Day and 

GIRLS 4-19 yearn 
BOYS 4-7 years 

Saturday, May 1 7 Lb 
3L30 p.m. - 5.30 p.m. 

TcL 0329 833108 

Lycee Fran pals 
Charles de Gaulle ; 

Wc accept English- 
speaking pupils in the 
bilingual environment of 
our Sixth Form to 
prepare Advanced levels 
from a wide range of 
subjects, both Arts and 
Sciences. For fun her 
details please contact: i 

The Headmaster 
35 Cromwell Road 
London SW7 20G 
TeL-01-584 6322 
Ext S3 

Is your son aged be- 
tween 6 and 16? 

Is he fulfilling his po- 

Would he do better io 
a small boarding 

Prospectus is 

available from the 



Rufliin School. 

Clwyd 111 51 EE, 

United Kingdom 



+ 5m# dassw 8 sate 

* UMc woe ol subiecte ra A Lewi 

* Man GCE success W* 

* EmPtni nurtmii facutne; ncWe 
4 IftqtK swannwiQ goal. 

*■ Enxna eitni-wijUr acfnnws 
+ Emsw a an Mes 

* Haoov. «™«j armwobm 

ChstovAoccur Curfew 
BratrtS-gn-S'a. E 5ussei 
Ted 21KB? 

teMwtw day. $ iu« mnPng 
sdw In iprts age 3-19 8 tors 3-8 


Rubor? ST £mu>" 'school. 1 

Lanqtev Hill. Kwp Laiwwy. : 

Hnh Oo? 77 «*505 Oterfrtun- , 
nniul 3 18 vrw A 1 

kiiwleroarfen vacancies in i 
lowrr school 

MINS MSCME. Psychologist. 

From This NEW HELP ^ To This ..... 

bo 1 5 " I 

tQhi kJo c odluSaLfft* »**■£ 

, 1 he P *11 U WWW . 

fco htAC ncr ; c#ikiL«>L 

’He made as much progress in five weeks at Maple Hayes as he had done in five years in 
ihe local school system" - a parent. 

St. Philip’s School 

(Established 1934) 

6 Wetherby Place, London S.W.7 Tel. 01-373 3944 

A Roman Catholic day preparatory school conveniently situated in 
Kensington (dose to Gloucester Road Underground Station). Boys 
from 7-13 years are prepared for Commmon Entrance and Scholar- 
ship level entrance to public schools. Size of classes is small. 
Excellent facilities for games. 

Please apply to the Headmaster for Junker details and prospectus . 



A wide rnnye of positions in Eilucniion appears ewry Monday. 




Which School 
for your child? 

Our expert cou retell mg covers 
every aspect of education, from 
preparatory to finishing 
schools, from finance to 
ertucattonal psychologists. 

We counsel parents on a 
personal bass - our advice is 
free and objective. 

Truman & Kmhdey 

W11 3U TELEPHONE B 1-727 
1242 TELEX: ZGBUlftatST 



Wolfe Hill. UmwneM 
Oxred. Surrey RHS OQU 
Headmaster: R D ItnUM 
MJK. 1 Cantab) CarL ia Ed. 
Bow .lnd Girt* Itolal 2BOi 
■ CWlv S* 13* m. Bunting 
finm o vrv 

HMPh.«nl ImnM on 
ih pinwl -mw in IS90 awl is 
Miiuln) in nJmnr gnunh 
nnr in* Suimv Kml bor- 
iter. ««lv acrvnriM* (mm 
ih- M2S aivj tew itian tvjM 
an iwnir hy road from Gal 
wkk r»l nwn and an hour 
from Hpaintw. The Sehool 
Ite- rjixHteni bwrdlm ac- 
contmodaficm and modrm. 
purw BU in Irarhinq and 
wrm lactlnm ft often a 
broad curriculum which in- 
clude MteCial *mpMm on 
Mime and Art. and crnldren 
aw pTwan-d toe PuMk 
S chool Common Entrance 
and SctHManMp ounun- 
alHvnat 13* Tho nlaff ratio 

h»gh amt cLbwc atomgr 
aporoumaMv uiloon on BIB. 

For pmptctM and farther 
drtaib plow write to the 


0341 423075 

Mr J Wilkinson 
BA Dtp Special Education 
PTT*jrrT4\e resMentlal 
education toe SO children 
who require expertly 
iirwMrwf hrin wiih their 
patiicular moal leamirto 
difficulty. Doirhyd ts 
MMIurlv wt m bo acres n( 
wcMMlWntd grounds on 
southern stones of Snow- 
donia National Part:. 
Discerning parents Mease 
contact u» Headmaster- 


Founded 1469 

870 BOYS (11-18): 230 IN SIXTH FORM 

• A long cradHion of academic cxc-lhmcr 

m a curriculum narticutariy tutim m me nods of abb* minus 

• A revutalKWi Irr oubunding soorune achMnemmi 

• A wide range of extra-cumcular acuvriia 

• A full boarding education for only EfcSO per term 

AbdlKante for entry at 1 1* in Pcpi ember 1087 wm ttte Entrance 
Examination on 2nd February 1987 Allemattie arrangetnenb can be 
made lor entrance at other agm and from ovvraw apotvanbe 
Proweenn and aptmrauom form from me Headmaster. Lancaster 

Ftoyal Grammar School. East Road. Lancaster. LAI SET or lekutione 
0524 52109 



1 and 2 year complete O and A Level Courses 
Integrated 2 year 7 subject 0 Level Course 
O and A Level re-take courses 

Excellent Laboratory. Library and Computer 
facilities and Career Advisory Service. 

Tuition in small groups 
with experienced teachers 

Enquire College Secretary, 

10 Pem bridge Sq., London W2 4ED 01-727 2797 

Cambridge Centre for Sixth-Fern Studies 

CCSS is an independent coeducational college offering 
the Tull range of sixth- form courses and facilities. 

There are places for 140 students, ihe majority of whom 
go on to courses in higher education. Boarding accom- 
modation is available. Further information may be 
obtained form: 

The Secretary. CCSS 
I Salisbury Villas. Station Road. 

Cambridge 3168* 

J, 4*. 

3 1 nil Ft 8 * inspected an d recognised as 

i'J lrfc efficient by the Conference for 
Independent Further Education 
an ^ the British Accreditation Council. 

Linh) School 

GCE 7987..? 

ArelEatms an mHetf for rti« 

* aad 0 M 

— e a ut i a 

and (or me ajtumn lamt 1986 

Brawn ant Sraura 
Tut anal Co*bjg 

20 Waral m uqb FkL Wad 
Tri (Wort 

(08GSI SE3M. 513738 


Thuie « B»w. art arty 
Hum. motonm Speed 
schools raca^KOd by Hk DEs 

as t» (wring fpr cMdrsn wtb 
HWCrfc mmmg dilttcrttiBS. 

Northease Hanoi, neat Lems, 
is ok it has an sstabsshed 
rajwWmn tor its Mty mte- 

tpM cwraajhim Mhch 
soppons art then challenges 
the uirttneawfifs. Races tor 
DOVS aged to m 12. Lews 
477915. Ask |gr Oh Fto«SR» 


Sponsorship fbrSdence« Engineering Degree tosses 

The Department of Trade and Industry is a 

sponsorship for the (electrical. 

t these fields at the end of your course. 

L ' p Education Authority grant), paid 

vacation employment at one of 
our Research Laboratories and 
personal tuition from one of 
our senior scientists. 

^ The opportunity is open to 
you if you intend to begin a 
Y first degree course in one 

^ of these disciplines in 

Autumn 1986. 

! ^ For more information 

[ j ' and an application form 

!/■ Mr it write to: Department 

i MM lii \ of Trade and Industry, 

\ |A \ PM3A, Room 448. 

\ Sanctuary Buildings. 

^M^M 16-20 Great Smith 
street. London 

. J SW1P3DB. 

JiBM The closing date 

r ' B for the receipt of 

h completed 

— application forms is 

K lMv4\i a irf 30 May 1986. 




Choosing the school or college which will be most suited to your 
child can be a difficult and time-consuming task. 

As a Charitable Trust we can help by offering free and impartial 
advice based on over a hundred years close involvement in 
independent education. Our service covers all categories of schools 
and colleges. 

For more information on how we can help you make the right 
choice, telephone and ask to speak to one of our Education 
Advisers, or if you prefer, write to -us at: 


Broughton House, 6.7 & 8 SackvflJe Street, Piccadilly, 

London WlX 2BR. Telephone 01-734 0161 
Telex 28707. 


(480 pupils, boarding and day) 

offers boys and girts between zv, and 19 yearn (boarders from age 7) 
a complete scheme of education seen in the Bfetong perspective, with: 

• sraai classes, specialist staff and a wrte range ot coureas ra languages, arts, 
science and technology: exceptional facilities taf drama, music and the creative 

• reatenc mvtonenwrt ol puprts and school government, co mm un i ty sanrice and 
chaHengmg out-door activities 

• a tnen&y informal caring atmosphere In co-aducaflonaJ boantng houses, 
vegetarian whole load dot and an emphasts on humane values and an 
international outlook 

• an euslsnt record of entry to unworeities f i nd udln g regularly to Oxbridge) and 
to vocational trailing 

Admission may be considered at any stage up to the age of 13 and for 
direct entry to the Sixth Form. 

Prospectus from the Head, GoNn Reid, HUL, telephone Letchworfh 
0462 679301. 



700 pupils Age 11-18 

Co-educational Day School with courses 
leading to GCSE and A Level. The Head 
Master is a member of the Headmasters’ 

01-505 4821 


(Established 1886) 

International Boarding and Day School for Girls 8-19 years 
Preparation for GCE examination at O- and A-Level and 
University Entrance 
Highly qualified staff 

Main entry at 10-12 years or into Sixth Form ' 

Junior Summer School: July and August 
Single and double study bedrooms for Sixth Form 
The School is situated near the beach but one hundred feet 
above sea level 
Prospectus on application 



Cottiam tUS s an independent 
Boanhig and Day adurf lor 
grs agad 11-18 The School 
is only 25 mies Irani London, 
art Jnwries a sound aca- 
ttonc eduutra to 0 and A 
level and unwrstiy enttmcB. A 
wide variety ot ertra njmedar 
actnitm s abo avatotoa The 
school is mKrienomnstiaRri 
art in te nutM M i In autioak. 
Pnjsoectus art details ol ad- 
imssnn can be ootsnal bom 

The SdmH Secretar. Cobban 
Had. Cobban Kent M12 XL 
Tetophone 1047482)3376 






f w ?0 actnuoml 

•teT-^SiUMnls ivhie heNK4 mraili 
ta»3i It* BEST itnaa r , 'ram me 
rtart Frfdrfjt nft-i-OTXtue - 


• nO«nma>naceW1 
9 Bf-836 HSZ 124 tea) 


nn ^^ JSSI^IK, advcnhcmcnu 

onhcwcp^ fa, telephone 

Annwiaremcnisj. The 
* 3dl ' w H SJJOpm 2 days prior 
^Pahl^uon tie 500pm Mo*- 

«Y r» Womcsdayi. Should 
you wish lo jend M gtfvctiisc- 
m wrung plea so mdude 
c .ftycnunifcT. 
SSJS25T services DE- 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or problems relating to 
> oor “dvcrnscmcnr once h has 
appeared, please coman our. 
Cuaomn Services Departmem 
oy telephone on CH-49T 4100. 


X£n m &T5« “***»*■* 



lor new quality 
Oil nntiiH and water rnioura 
Uy Jonh Qoiw Contact rot 
^ Rntt u> box ran Bwc 

0!_a2B STIC day w m _ nL 

"WWXDMI TKMin required 
01 92 fl 1775. ™nnrea 

VKJW MNWTWI1 nnr virtan- 
an manoganv BaanSnoom Table 
havino a I new floured tnahoa- 
“wtao«xgo°d piuuiJxkSrSun 
cabnote tegs antf draw#n in 
inew. Goon 12 vq i SmSr. ID 

fl x 4fi 1 1 ins Bonn sokft nrt- 

vaN^TA 074^231 or 0*5 

'KTr'P®*® 00 XMAS 
HATE, fn mcriiml condition. 
Ne»wt offer lo czco. Teh* 
PUone Stone cSufbi 816887. 

animals & 

POODLE, brown 
PMtorro puopies. bom* reared. 
KcuHomPd k> rfn Wren. bMUpg 
tor good homes, end May. Tell 
wowingham raeasasi isn. 


®5****® luxury uudto agon- 
meiH in Puerto Pr La Ouaueu 
Spain or 2 bedroom anartmem 

oh th, bung of odwj for 

WidlBr arromodabon In Cen- 
tral London for i-3 months 
“utlnjl the summer. Teteohone 
051 734 a 087. 

TON hw - A rmf general inter - 
« magarlne for men mriudes 
68m> new [asMon. aroomtm & 
style for Summer 86. Send SOp 
to roier pip id M A a. S. St 
John SL London EC1M 4AA. 




Mtnev sMCtoua nuiny maMon 
cue. S dole brants. ige rwenn. 
brand new decor, r tally MUWM 
Mr crvrrse* vtstlors. ClSOpw 
Heat A bgtu free. Ol 074 IIW 


tin Volunury UauBattoni 
and Uw Companies ao. 1WS 

the CREDITORS of me above 
named remtuny are required on 
or Before 6 June two in semi 
their nanm »4 addresses and 
particulars of fhar debts or 
data* U> me unaemvied Ber- 
nard PtUUlpL FCA at 1 Burros' 
Street London. WC2R anrr. the 
UquMater of the said ctttntwny 
and if so required by nonce in 
writing from the md ttoiddabr 
are lo come in and ime their 
aid debts or naan* at *uch nme 
or place as mad be speedted tn 
such nonce or w oetauK Utereot 
iney wtu be e s et ud e u from the 
benefit or any datntHiiion mode 
before cueft debts an proved. 

Costumed from page 16 

AOELPM 83b 761 1 or 2«J 791 3 
4 cc 741 99» 836 7350 370 
64 33 cm Ram 930 bias cc 
SIVELY With rt rut Call On 240 
7200 34 Hr 7 0ay<- 



N Wdb at 7.30 Matt Wed at 2 30 
A Sal 4 30 6 000 
EVER ENJOYED* Spectator 


0183b 8108. 01240 9066 7. 
First rail 24-n<Hir 7-day re anus 
240 7200 

DaiM Menton'. 

Ave Wl 01-4J7 3686/7 Ol 434 
1560 0t4« 10C0. 01754 

5166/7 Red Prure Prove. I ram 
June 4. Opens. June 1 1 at 7.0. 



■™ FliUM. mnn fortntgbu 
lom. modern onflbl. spui level 
ora fir maisonette 5 mini walk 
from courts. 2 dMe beds, park- 
UiO. 9 ardm.TV. 1 el. mad sendee 
C300 tnw. Tel: 01-789 0009. 


UXJOWATUt Herts. Oftf Lodge 
fully mooerntted. Convenwu 
London. Hoatnraw. m 3*. 4 
Receba. Adam flrentaces. 5 Beds 
12 en wtte) I modem l«nuy 
bath. Recently doeotMed. OCH. 
4 ige dry cellar* Dot garage, h 
acre established gdn. £ 220-000 
For immedian occumhoh- Tat 
0925 77B990 


penad cottage o. looking Ullage 
P”i;. 3 bed. Inge, dng/rm. 
mod Ml ' bam. UlUitv rm dUe 
ggc. i" acre gan. MS A man line 
Mm to Mm. Quick sale 
£106.000. Teh 0860 319128 


CNnwkli 4th - 6U1 July £79 OO 
Ring nowl iOS27i 4oQ f»6 B 



Ccaum* m Afhcfe Wnmg Sfton 
Surnes Sun joumakun. wnmc 
ip Gntberi. T V and Rado 
Ptavwmmg ana oihps Freebto- 
cfiuie fom The London School 
oi Joumafesm (DTt 19 Herrtord 
Sneei Park Lane. London W1Y 
*B£ Tel Oi*e% ft250 

& could send 
your child 
to public school 
I for only 
30 % of the fees. 

Send in. The Eaanabie Life 
H.' LBOSI 4 CdlmKi 5:^ Lononn 
£CB :j7. Telephone 01-606 661 1. 

P dvYlrnmctnrthrnfaihon.vtJEr 
tohf«'I ire planv. hrunoue tbera 
K ■ D A apita! sum. u Spriradsu! 

London's leading specialist In 
new and restored pianos for the 
larged genuine selection avail- 
able. 3oa Hlghgate RtL NWS. 
01-267 7671. Free catalogue. 

and recondtHoned. Quality at 
reasonable pnen. 326 Br i ght o n 
Rd. S Croydon. 01-688 3813 

199694. nnmarutale. £8.000. 
Tttephone 0296 622108. 

"IYHET SW2S 2 Female . eou- 
ote to Share room tn 
rotmonakte atUr RaL eft. doec 
lo lime. £30 ppw. otrhsivf 
Can Miranda iO>a?J 712469 
' dayl o r 01-789 7346.iese). 
BATTERSEA. Short term leL 
own dole room, single occupan- 
cy. Sharing bam kitchen, all 
machines £40 pw. Tel. Ol 228 
6765 laflrr 7pm or w/endsi. 
KENSfNSTON WS. 2 mins HMh 
Si lube. ml. share owners fiaL 
own bathroom telephone 
£66ow Inc-TeL 01-957 6S32 
■afte r 6pmi. 

STREATKAM. Luvury Studio 
oeasft. dose to trsnstiort. Suit 
professional N’S 2 MngM. 1 
double. £45 A £60 pw mCL TeL 
671 8862. 

SW17 Professional person. 
20-30 10 share snoots flaL 
O R. C H. Nr tube. £40pw 4 
Mils 01-672 7671 after 6 

ladwtooke grove m.-f 2 tTs. 

own room in conagc £50 pw 
Tet 221 5644 

3RD PERSON lo shr luyury 
house in Ctuswick. £45 pw. 
Tel: 01 994 3896 After 7pm 
W. 1 Smaa rm £60 pw tncf Lo* rm 
£89 pw inc] in luxury ftse. quM 
uuare nr tube. 01-387 1699 
W3 Lux hse. 2 F n/9 shr d/r £30 
D.w. each exd: F o. s o.T £45 
pw end 01-992 0771. 



COTE D'AZUR. UiHs/Bung. 3 
D Bb U rugae sue. 40 mtn* 
Nice 'Siding. Walker*/ writers' 
paradise. £78.000. Details from 
0730 64227 i until 5<h yCayl 
then OlO 9542 5024. 

MM. Los Arena les Del SoL 
close Alicante. 2 bed f.-fnfhed 
aportibk 9th floor. 5 Ufl*. re* 
porter. iTphone. grtv 
tennis, pool good rental Incprar 
£19.000 ortv mgtg mall or oec 
prop In UK Tel.t0626l 866889 

41 \>n STREET _ <w blakelt m 


“h- — tjt -.19 - - prMucfion 01 

?* 1 ™. alam ayckbourn^ 

V«rd Award Winning Comedy 



* “N tip 7 30. Mats Weds ifrom June 

BEST MUSICAL 18/ and Sou 3 0 Advance Book 

l «‘5S«'*w ^ n'VZZ J ^9%o 

"•*“»” ” 1NO BOOMING FEEL 





AWARD | -> 5.0 Mali wed 3 O Sal 5.0 A I LYTTELTON *5* 925 2252 CC 

6 30 I >Nalionai Theatre** prosermum 

Crown Sale* »36 6123 | «4»qei. Today 2.1 S now price 



Party Rate* AvallaMo I 3^“ pr «'s Mav 15 lo 36 

■ [ Oom May 27 men May 25 A 

DUCHESS 536 BSM3.'240 96*0 ! 29 DALLIANCE. 

Fi«t Cau CC 2eo 7200 ■ 

<24 hr* 7 rifljV OC 741 9999 CC | WAYFAM 5 cc 629 3036/74, 



rermrerm c MURDER 

UtUKUt LULfc T he h ll thriller by Rleftard Harrtt 

Eves 8 wed matt 3. Sals 6 4 B 30 "Tha Md DtHv far rue*- 
NOW BOOKING THROUGH TO S Mir “Ail unabashed winner's 
SEPTEMBER 1986 E*J> “A thriller trial achieve* II 

_ all. Srosauonal"Timcv 'The 
FORTUNE 5 CC 836 2238/9 7J, moa Ingenious mynery lo have 



PrnlitWiR residence in 

Marywcane Rd nr Begems 
park. 2 reteps. ft beds. 2 
belfts. 5 WC. kitchen. 24 hr 

£16 000 pa me rale* Fu- 
ture* A Fitting* £15.000. 
ncnewsMe 20 months be 
Tat 437-5603 day 
459 4998 eves 

stars KENSINGTON nai. Outer, 
swtmr. ground fleer rloi 3 

bedrooms 2 6*lh». hvirtq room. 

' dining room, kitchen, hallway. 
I place, wim furoMMd. carpel, 
ed all modern aoouancec. 
Open* mio 5 arret of private 
Barden loe*l Inr family Corpo- 
rate fef I year phM £376 p w 
1 76 Cbtehernr Crl. Tel 01-530 
2396 w 570 3861. No agmtt 


Seconds from Hvde Park SHer- 

non ot 1 or 2 Drdroamra luxury 
flat* in eleoanl period nouse 
Newly decorated and I untuned 
lo high Nandard. Swumy. 
parking Company lets prefered 
on «hon lonq lerm From £350 
P» neq. CBhea park Eimib. Ol 
724 6531 

(to (UCRMfMD WtttGE Lovetk 
re-iurbnhed IVtonaH f f. 0 
and S nedrm. 3 rprp. ILb.dl. 
n xgaroen. comp let pref. 
£15609 pwiel 01^922775 


avail. A rend lor diptomatt. 
eXfecuiivea Long A short let* tn 
ail areas unfriend A Co 48. 
Albemarle Si Wl. Ol -499 5554. 

eniSWICK MALL Lowly n«C 
River view New Decor. 2 Bed. 
Baih. Lor Lone. Ku. All Marti*. 
£300 pw T«r OI 99«-«664 

CHELSEA Kmahbhndqe. BeJgra 
v u. Pmuhco. WrstmiiKier. 
Luxury holds and rtatt aiaf- 
ante lor long or snon ten. 
Please nmj lor rurmil Iisl 
C ddfe*. 69 Buckingham palace 
rd SHI. Ol 828 8251. 

Highly Presugutua. Igr lux fur- 
nished (lax in mnet nm area. 2 
bed. 3 rer. k A b. Palm A Gdn. 
Suli Person Seeking Pm ary 
£150 pw. Tel.DI -883 4116 

9999 Firs, Call 24 hr 7 day CC ■*”" Mr *g_ 1 P JLlrcNgP M*U. 
240 7200 Eves Fn /Sat 6 A 8.40 . I r 

COMEDY .OF THE YEAR ^ pcrfoamakces 

Laurence Olivier Award 1984 1 


BV John Codber 
Tune* "SPLENDID" D Tel 
"Orte oi me tiuvuesi and leas, pre- 
tentious Play* you are ever qomo 

Ob* - A JOY” S Exp 


OARXHCK. S Ol 836 ->601. CC 
3796453 ACC 24 hr 7 day 240 
7200 Grp Sales 930 6123 Evrs-e 

David Mamet* 


directed by Bill Brvden 


-5S5¥£SHW L"Kf ,or 

NOTICE la hereb y given pursuant 
to *27 Of the TRUSTEE Act. 1925 
that any person havin g a claim 
against or an INTEREST ui the 
ESTATE of any of the deceased 
person's whose name*, addresses 
and dcaolpnon* are set out below 
Is hereby required to send name- 
nfars to writing of bn claim or 
Inhere* to the person or persona 
mentioned in iblaUon lo the de- 
ceased person concerned before 
the daw soertfied: after which 
daw the estate of the deceased 
whI be dtstrfbuted by the personal 
representatives among the per- 
sons entitled thereto having 
regard only la the rtaJim and m- 
leiestt of wma they have had 




"An ishhuM ntiho of Mo Sex 
Please We’re British . ft ndj h 
very tanoT“-6 Times 
A comedy by Ken Ludwig 
Di reded by David Gilmore. 

CAR PARK next door 9Sp 
Other NT show* see National Th. 



COTTESLOC Euretleni cheap 
seal* days of pen* all theatres 
Irixn 10 am RESTAURANT 1928 
Barkslagei £2. Into 633 0880 

lux rial* . houses. £200 • £1000 
p w Usual lees req Phillips 
Kay & Lewi*, south M inr Park 
Cnrlsea oftire. Ol 352 8, 1 1 or 
North el the Park. Renews 
Park of) ire. 01-722 6135 
CHELSEA Best pan Luxury Qu- 
el. fully equipped flal. 1 recCP. 1 
bed. K a B. indcp CH. Go Long 
Lei £226 pw Tef 351 4167 or 
Weekend* 0225 31 3386 
HAMPSTEAD. Super lux eK9anl 
flat. 2 beds wood panelled wa 
cious lounge, new l l kllctien. 
Close to transport. £175 pw. 
Tel. 01-431 1263 
CHALK FARM S C 2 bed flat, 
fully equipped, new dcror Sul 

2 Prof*. N S. 1 2 in lb min com 
pany let. CIZOpwOI 267 2706 . 

DO CK LANDS. Houses and Hair 
throughout me docklands area 
lo Id Docklands Properly Cen- 
tre. Ol -488 4862 
LUX MODERN House. 2 Beds 
newly furnished. Id Mile 
City Wt. Gdn. Pkng £7W 
prm OI 388 6914 Alter 6 pm 
lop rial DMe Ddrm. recep. k A 
b Fully tumhhed £160 P w 

3 4 month*. Tel Ol 9F7 0234 
437 9581 The number lo rentrm 

ber when seeking besi rental 
proper lies in central and prune 
London areas £ 1 50 /£ 2 . 000 pw 
U3. COMPANY seeks turn prop 
ernes in best London areas. 
CAB 8 AN A CASE LEE (Estate 
Agrtusi 01 589 5481. 

a I IIMU Luxirry 2 
bedrooftn^ Hat near lube and 
BH. during week only, bolt out 
of town business person. 
tSOOOpw. T« 105321693963 

linn of charming lully fuml 
two apt* in mod oompiek. From 
£1 JSm. I no 01 -676 1896 ■T1 
A 1 BCBHM FLAT . recpL phone 
washer. CH. £75 pw. Other; 
627 2610 Home locators. 
phone. CH renov £45 pw oui 
err 627 261 0 Homrtoratora 
3 room nai Non sharing 
080 p w Trt Ol 946 4896 
HAMPSTEAD lovely mauemettr 
with terrace, all comforts ; 
mlhs £250 PWMDI4JSSOI1 

Owe, luxury mew* houses. 2- 
bed. Long Co let 584 1163 

LUX SUNNY family Ral Do 
heme. 4 rooms. 2 baths 34 
mms £300 pw Ol 722 2444 

LUXURY FLAT 2 oedrm. reau 
gdn. children ot_ £75 pw. Dm 
er* 627 2610 Hocnefocator*. 

PIMLICO. Ete^ni reeep. dbt> 
bedim a single bedrm. CH. Co 
TV £120pw. 01 854 9723. 

SW14 Grd fir lum flat £90 pw 
oversea* or Co let preJ T*i Ol 
876 8616 

SW Z bedrm bouse. Tv., bflb inc 
wasner. £115 pw. Other* 627 
2610 ttomelocaior* 

Phone, no bills. £55 pw. other- 
627 2610 Hometoralor*. 

SI. Wl. 629-2875 GRAHAM 
ARNOLD - Recent Paintings Un- 
til 17 May Mon-Fn 1 0 5 JO See 
10-12.30- Closed 6 May*. 

FATHERS HELP HER fbr 8 yr old 
buy Hi W Germany. D Gerhard. 
Gadderbaumer Srr2i. 4800 
Btefefrtd 1. Tel; 052! 14613 
BT Resent StTNUodon Wl. 
Tdl 439 6634.UK Overseas- 
Atto m-hetps/doms temp, perm 
May to July North London. 
Tel. 01 485 4884 or 062973 
2669 i weekends l. 

YOUNG PERSON wanted to rook 
for small (isMPg Dany. 
Spayslde. Driver. June 151ft to 
29th Ring 008649 397. 


PA/ANMATEUR. RoponslMe. 
artistic female i qualified leactv 
ert entreoreneurul flair, 
oroantsanoiul sun*. Avail stui 
Tel 01-345 7153 (eves- wkend) 



ffERMAM GIRL IT years would 
.lUto to uay wMft English famuy 
!£*!£?**• p “ i ' u, 9 BU^ 1 or ex 
Change basts. From 30 610 9 8 
London area. Please rontarr 
Sime Pacbur. Rogierwea r*a 
= 60. (OlO 49401 




Super luxury vlUa to huo parts. 

. 4 double bed. 4 bath 13 en vuHel. 
2 lounge. 2 kllctien. fully fur- 
ntthed and equipped. Enables 
own living plus separate Wiling 
or large fairdty. Own pool, large 
double garage and garden. 
Close new marina- EICADOO. 
Archer; 0276-73194 or 0276- 
20749 anytime. 

Quiet village ctoae to Dorset 
banner, sleep* ft. Send tor pho- 
to. you'll love a. Old world 
charm but ail mod can*. W 
phone ParefteM 10428771 230. 
Heart of Cramtome Chase. 
Fully furnished. 3 beds. Stps 3 
Now available, Tel: 072S6 226 


CLEVELAND MU Magnificent 
v lews. Soortous whig of daHgM- 
IUI farmhouse. Sips 7. Superbly 
equipped. 0642 710435 

YORK HOUSE Nr IVBnster. Sleep* 
3 6 + coL Available June-Sent. 
£9 o-isodw. Fuhv tnrtadve. 
Tel; 0004 063232 

country B*B an suae accom. 
o looking beck and woodland. 
Tei Mr* Hebron 0033 700747 

toe ym mdy <» May nth 
- and ater ? 

Contact John Parffl 

01-660 4449 

M4 LUX- June 83. Full A F N. 
servtor IHstory . Sun roof . sports 
seat*. P.D.M.. guards red. 
£11.950. Tel: OI 273 5277. 

CT B Tt m OM. S 930 3216 CC 379 
65653796433 741 9999 Group* 
836 3962. Evgs 8 . 00 . Thu mat 
230. Sal 630 A 8 30. 


O. Mall 

The Theatre of Comedy Company 


SYKES - - - -- SCOTT 


an d 



Written and directed by 

over 1 200 _ si de ii MUga 
pert* “SHOULD RUN FOR l»T 
S EXP. Theatre 'dinner Criterion 
Brasserie. Stalls or am* £17-25. 


Opens 9 Oct. 


Bo*. Office A cc Ol 930 9832 FITS! 
Call 24 hr 7 day n booking* 
01 240 7200 






£vo» 7 30 Mai Sal 2.30 

O p e — wed— oday May 21 


In a Shakespeare season of 


in Repertoire. 

PHOENIX 036 2294 cc 240 9661 
741 9499 24hr7Da» 1X2407200 
Eve* 8 Mat Thu 3 Sal 6 A 8 30 


Standard Drama Awards 


As Dm Presley 




Company holiday May 12 -26. 

4006. 734 9535 Credit Card 
Hotlines 3796565. 741 9909 Grp 
Sales 836 3962 930 6123. 

"A BrtcOaot M —k x l ° BBC 




Eve* 0.0 Matt Wed 3 5 Sat 5 
New booking period now- open la I 
end of September 






EJUOY ABLET T. Over 100 Pert* 







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t Hem? IUWcl'nrpo.linf ^-H) pnkeuuif 1 







34 GENERAL ACCIDENT 2,000 GUINEAS (Group 1: 3- 
y-o: £107,145: 1m) (15 runners) 

301 21- ALSMNFARAH (b c Great Nephew - SdnWate) (H M- 

Maktoum) H Thomson Jones 9-0 A Murray 14 

(Royal one. wMB epaulets, a&ped cap} 

11-1 DANCING BRAVE (USA) (C-O) (b c Lyphard - Navajo 
Princess) (K Abdula} G Harwood 9-0 G Stariny 3 

(Green, pkrk sash and cap. ehdB ateaves) 

320-1 EXOTIC RIVER (USA) (ch c Irish River - Exotic Age) (A 

Paulson) P Btancone (FT) 9-0 G Mosss 13 

fljgM dkte and rad stripes) 

00-00 FARNCOflfteE (b c Moorestyie - Thalassa) (A Richards) C 

Brittain 9-0 P Robbnon 8 

(Block and etam. hahed horteonbdy. check cap. yeOcnv sleeves) 
11112-1 FAUSTUS (USA) (b c HobetHoo - B Ps SalBngaQ (S 

Ntarchos) H Cecfl 9-0 4 S Cauttwn 11 

(Dark Uue. Ughi Mue crosa-boda. striped sleeves. tiriben) 
21214-1 GREEN DESERT (USA) (C) (be Danzig -Foreign Courier) 
(Maktoum A1 Maktoum) M Stoute 9-0 — W R Swtnfaum S 
(Royal Wue. vrMe chevron, kgtrt Mub cap) 

12 HAB.TOROBBnD(USA)(D)(chc Roberto -Singing Rain) 

(M Fustok) G MikbaUes (Fr) 9-0 CA ra a u — a n7 

(Green, red armkitE and esp) 

11111-3 HALLGATE (b c Valgly Great - Beloved Mistress) 
(Hippodrome Racing) Mbs S HaB 9-0 — K Hodgson IS 
/Dark Me and nM) demands, dark blue Names, wim cap) 

221 - HUNTINGDALE (C) (cb c Double Form - Abbeydaie) (Mrs P 

Thretfafl) J Hkvfley 9-Q MHBS 12 

(Fbme. gold striped sleeves, hooped cap) 

4-114 JAZETAS (D) (ch c Jaazefro - Ml Pesetas) (G Cooke) N 

Callaghan 9-0 i R Cochrane 4 

(Light grey. dark green sleeves, mac sash and cap) 

01111-0 SHARROOD (USA) (ro c Caro - Angel bland) (Sheikh 

Mohammed) W Hem 9-0 W Carson 1 

(Maroon, whke d s evos. maroon cap. write start 
1113-1 SURE BLADE (USA) (CKO) (he Kris -Double Lock) (SheKh 
Mohammed) B Hflb 9-0 B Thomson 6 

(Maroon, while stones, maroon cap. white star) 

011-3 TATE GALLERY (USA) (BF) (b c Northern Dancer - Fairy 

Bridge) (S Ntarchos) M V O'Brien (Ire) 9-0 T Ives 10 

(Darir Uue. tight bkm aoss-betts. striped stomas, unite cap! 

11-1 TOCA MADERA (bcTaufan-Geneata) (Mbs DThreadwaH) 

. L Browne (Ire) 9-0 S Crania 5 

(Red. tank Os monds and sha v es , while cap) 

31102-0 VAMOXUOOUS (be Valgly Great -Princess Blanco) (Mrs 

- J Brookes) H Candy 9-0 RCurant2 

(Dark Uus. brown V. y ekom sleeves and cap) 

9-4 Dancing Brave, 9-2 Sure Blade, 6-1 Huntingdale. 10-1 Toca 
Madera. 12-1 Tate Gallery. Green Desert 14-1 Faustus. 16-1 Shanood. 
25-1 HaUgate. 33-1 Exotic River, Hail To Roberto, 50-1 Alshinfarah. 66-1 
Vainglorious. Jazetas, 200-1 Famcomba 

FORM: ALSHINFARAH (9-2) won 21 bom Strong Commitment (9-2) 7 ran. 

tug 30. DANCING BRAVE (8-7) won II from f 
















Sure Blade has 
class to cut 
Dancing Brave 
down to size 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 


4th beaten 7%L 


Dancer (8-7) with JAZET 
of 11. Newmarket 

sh.hdfrom Lead „ 

and VAINGLORIOUS (90) 6th beaten 7%l. 9 ran. Nawbury7f soft Apr 19. 

* 11) Bran. Newmarket 7fh'cap 

GREEN DESERT (9-7) won II from Sparry 
good to soft Apr 16. KAIL TO ROBERTO (i 
dial (9-2) 8 ran. Longchamplm If soft Apr 
from Bafcharoff (SO) with SURE BUIDE (9-0) 3 
Newmarket 7f good Oct 18. SURE BLADE (9-3) < 
dom (8-1 1) 5 ran. TNrsk 1m good to soft Apr 19. 
beaten 2*1 to Udhame (9-1 
DORA (8-10) won %l from 

selectton: HUNT1NG0ALE 

2nd beatBn 1 W to Bad Con- 
i’. HUNTINGDALE (9-0) won *1 
3rd beaten *1. sh-hd. 8 ran. 
won 51 from Supreme King- 

n good to soft Apr 19. TATE GALLERY (8-1 2)3rd the tune an 
1 1) 6 ran. Curragh 7T yieWina Apr 12. TOCA MA- Sure Blade 
London Tower (8-7) 6 ran. Phoenix 7f heavy Apr with sore shi 


Televised: 1.45, 2.15, 34 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

£3^49: 5f) (10 ronnera) 

I WO Gorman 94 T Iras 10 

_ SCsoBwo7 
■ CA — vw nl 
P BJoocifitUJ 4 

HANS00J (K AkSatd) N CaMian 9^0 : R Cortona# 

frELOOY MAKER (MraPSwS)B Mb 94 B Thomson 2 

ON YOffiFRMCE»(S Hepburn) J Para 9-0 GStsrfcsyB 

PAORC BASIC (USA) (Mrs P Yang) W OTkamtm 94) MLTtaWl 

8 AMEEK (H Ai-Maksum) R Armstrong 90 WC—onl 

ZABAQ (USA) (HAI Maktoum) H Thomsen Jones 84 — A Homo 3 







BESTPLAN (Ura P Yong) I 

DUTCH COURAGE (Lof9 McAIpme) □ Moby 94) 
GULF KKG (Roid'Qto Ltd) P Kefeway WJ 
LACK A STYLE (T Ranwfan) A Baley 94- 

2-1 Baslplan. 5-2 GuM King. 5-1 Zabaq. 6-1 MNody Msksr. 8-1 Sartmek. 12-1 
Mansooj. 14-1 others. 

2.15 LADBROKES HANDICAP (3-y-o: E9.614: 7f) (101 

032192 SPBMY (Cl (Y Was*) P WWwyn 9-7 : 

111000- PRINCE PECAHLLO (Dr C Emmereon) W Ha0» 94 

313- NATIVE OAK fC D Messtol H Cecfl M 







310- F01M I 
210-3 MSIBtl 

lAlbrtoai iJWWansM 

i Duchess of Norfolk) J 

. RCochreoel 


(K Bethel) R Bon 84 

Mamakos) C Nefeor 8-6 

M Maktoum) M Stouts 8-1 


8 -tl WCxnonS 

— MMtarlO 


1400-12 MODEM BREF( 

208 1300-12 FLEET FORM I 
211 304- BASOOF(U6AI 

213 00211-0 SYLVAN EXPRESS (C-O) (Mrs R Johnson) PMtchaB 7-0 — SC 

214 30-2 WESHAAM(USA)(BF)(MafclDim> Al Maktown)B HaRbwy 7-?-. NCMW*7 
11-4 Mtster Wonderful, 7-2 Sperry, 4-1 Native Oak. 6-1 Baaoof. 8-1 Hrm Landtog. 

i Brief, ifrl attars. 

12-r Weshaam, 14-1 Hidden I 

FORM: SPERRY 18-11) M beaten irto Green Desert (B-7 
eolt Apr 16. NATIVE OAK (9-1) 3rd beatan 3 id Shenood ( 
FBWTandwG (B-11) 5Mi be aten SW to Moorgate Men ( 
Aug 13. MSTBt WONDERFUL (9-7) 3rd beaten 2KI to T 
market 7t h’cap good to soft Apr 1 5. HDOEN BRIEF ( 
(8-4) 5 ran. Kempton 71 soft Mar 29. WESHAAII (94), 

T 5 ran. Newcastle iro mdn soft Mar 31. 

8 ran. Newmarket 7Yc 
i Doncaster 6Mbmj 

id lo 

1 10 raa Newcastle 7t good 
r*s Rest (92) 1 7 ran. New- 
" waten 81 to f 
i II to l 

Newmarket selections 

By Mandarin 

1.45 Melody Maker. 2.15 Native Oak. 3.0 Sure Blade. 3.35 Prince 
Sabo. 4.5 Paean. 4.35 Asswan. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.45 Zaibaq. 2.1 5 Native Oak. 3.0 Huntingdale. 3J5 Prince Sabo. 
4.5 Paean. 4.35 Island Set. 

By Michael Seely 

US Mister Wonderful 3.0 DANCING BRAVE (nap). 

3J GENERAL ACCIDENT 2,000 GUINEAS (Group b 3-y-o: £107,145: 
1m) (15) 

Runners and riders - see above 
345 PALACE HOUSE STAKES (Group IH: £15,118: 5f) (13) 

002 0(4102 0- PRMCE SASOJC-O) (D Thompson) M Stouts *94 WRSwMmmS 

403 33W2-4 PRINCE REYRtoBJ (Oceanic Ltd) ft Armstrong 9841 SCaottnn5 

40* 40-0222 AMIGO LOCO (T“ - - 

405 210-010 BROADWATER 

406 210902 ClANTWE 
#07 0)0212- DOUBLES! 


409 110134 MODEST (USA) (p) (Mss S McKaon) D ConM-Lawack (tret 


410 0(04-33 QUE SYMPATKA (Mrs A Mutnoe) R Boss 48-7 HtBkrl 

tl' ^ W Thee 2 

412 314023- KAROUBLE (DHCoumess o( Lonsoate) C Meteor 3-82 J Rsk) 4 

413 * 13aDP ~ DU8LW LAD (D) IM Brmari) M Bnaan 3-7-12 W Orson 10 

415 122224- WELSH NOTE (USA) (Shaiih Mohamad) I Baking 3-7-9 G Carer 1 

The outcome of today's 
General Accident 2,000 Guin- 
eas at Newmarket should lie 
between Dancing Brave, Sure 
Blade and Huntingdale, the 
three who have dominated the 
ante-post betting during the 
run-up to the race. 

While conceding that there 
is a good reason for so many to 
believe Dancing Brave will 
remain unbeaten following 
that authoritative win in the 
Craven Stakes over today's 
course and distance 16 days 
ago. I feel that the 2,000 is & 
race for the mature — the likes 
of Sure Blade and 
Huntingdale, who can boast 
battle honours gained at the 
highest level as two-year-olds. 

In going for Sure Blade to 
give Brent Thomson his first 
taste of success in an English 
classic and Barry Hills, the 
trainer, his second in this 
particular race. I am acutely 
aware of the feet that he was 
narrowly beaten by 
Huntingdale in the Dewhurst 
Stakes last Autumn. 

My confidence in Sure 
Blade stems from Hills's con- 
viction tha. his colt did not 
rive his true running in the 
Dewhurst and that he may 
well have been between 7-1 01b 
below par that day. The stable 
was certainly out of form at 
the time and, what is more, 
returned home 
with sore shins. Now bis stable 
is in form and Sure Blade 
enters the fray fresh from an 
easy morale boosting win 
against second-rate opposition 
at Thirsk a fortnight ago. 

After watching Sure Blade 
work up the famous 
Faringdon Road gallops near 
Lam bourn on Tuesday morn- 
ing, I asked Hills how he rates 
Sure Blade in comparison 
with Tap On Wood, his 
winner of the 2.000 in 1979. 
“Better,** he replied. “Tap on 
Wood was tough and he 
undoubtedly did weft to win a 
good Guineas from Kris and 
Young Generation, but this 
fellow has more class". 

Last year that class was first 
apparent when he beat Green : 
Desert by 2fc lengths at New- 
market in ■. the Spring and 
Green Desert recently won the 
Free Handicap under top 
weight It was evident again at 
Royal Ascot when be won the 
Coventry Stakes in style. And 
it showed, too, at Doncaster in 
September ■ when, after a 
lengthy rest, he made all the 
running to win the Cham- 
pagne Stakes from Faustus, 
who only a fortnight ago paid 
him an eloquent tribute by 
winning the Greenham Stakes 
at Newbury. 

Sure Blade remains the only 
horse to have beaten Faustus, 
who in turn holds that other 
model of consistency, 
HaUgate. on their Greenham 

Being by Kris and out of a 
mare by Home Guard. Sure 
Blade seems certain to be 
running on this afternoon 
when others have had enough 
and I take him to outstay 
Huntingdale and Faustus up 
the final hilL 

It does not worry me that 
Huntingdale has not had a 
race this Spring because 
Jeremy Hindley, his trainer, 
has been able to do plenty of 
work with him both on the 
Heath and Yarmouth race- 
course. What does concern me 
is his pedigree. Being - by 
Double Form and out of a 
mare by Huntereombe. he 
could easily be coming to the 
end of his tether in the eighth 
and last furlong when the 
battle is finally joined up that 
stamiua-stapping hilL 

Green Desert and Faustus 
are quite entitled to take their 
chance haying proven them- 
selves again this Spring, al- 
though they are both held on 
form by Sure Blade. 

On the other hand there is 
nothing in the form book to 
support the view that Tate 
Gallery can become Vincent 
O'Brien's fifth winner of the 
race, no matter what be did ax 
Ballydoyle last Saturday to 
convince Lester Piggott that 
he should come out of retire- 
menL The unbeaten Toca 
Madera, from Liam Browne's 
stable has much better creden- 
tials and I regard him as the 
main threat from Ireland. 

No matter how he feres in 
the big race on Faustus, Steve 
Cauthen should still give his 
many followers something to 
celebrate. The word from 
Warren Place is that both 
Native Oak (2. 15) and Paean 
(4.05) are strongly fended. 

Following that emphatic 
win at Newbury where he 
easily accounted for the subse- 
quent Bath winner. Rosedale, 
the bookmakers are unlikely 
to let Paean start at appealing 
odds to win the Culford 

However. Native Oak could 
be a feir bet at decent odds to 
win the Ladbroke Handicap 
because Sperry. Mister Won- 
derful. Hidden Brief and Syl- 
van Express, all have good 
recent performances to their 
name, unlike Native Oak who 
has not run since last 

Prince Sabo is not without a 
chance of winning the Pidace 
House Stakes for the second 
time in as many years, but my 
search for the day's best bet 
has taken me to Haydock 
where Grey Desire is napped 
.to win the Fairey Spring 
Trophy again. 

Mel Brittain's six-year-old 
has done weD already this 
season, winning twice at Don- 
caster and Kempton before 
finishing a dose second to 
Homo Sapien at Newmarket 
However, the presence of 
Huntingdale's regular gallop- 
ing companion, Orojoya; the 
recent Leicester winner, Boliin 
Knight; the course and dis- 
tance winner. Sarab, and Sev- 
ern Bore will help to ensure a 
good market A line through 
Homo Sapien gives Grey De- 
sire the beating of Boliin 
Knight and Sarab. Further- 
more my nap had Orojoya 
some way behind him when 
they clashed in the Abernant 
Stakes at Newmarket last 

Phardante (far side) comes to head Sip Anchor In the General Accident Jockey Club Stakes (Photograph: Ian Stewart). 

Starkey stars as Phardante Regal State 
sails past Slip Anchor t0 fol1 

. By Michael Seely 


vintage tactical perfbr- 


Biance by GreviDe Starkey saw 
Phardante foil the odds of 11-4 
laid on Slip Anchor in the 
General Accident Jockey Club 
Stakes at Newmarket 
y este rday. . 

. Waiting off the pace whOe 
Steve Caethen on last year’s 
Derby winner and Brent 
Thomson duelled for the lead; 
Guy Harwood's 46-year eld 
stable rider then produced the 
1985 St Leger rnnner-ep with 
a perfectly-timed challenge to 
quicken ap the hift and win by 
a length. Siesmic Wave fin- 
ished four lengths away third. 

When in tha mood Starkey 
is one of the outstanding 
jockeys of this or any other era 
mud the subtlety and finesse he 
showed yester day matched the 
s trength and deterannatiofl he 
displayed on Fair falmii in 
the 1970 Oaks and again on 
Kalaglow in the King George 
VI and Queen Elizabeth Dia- 
mond Stakes in 1982. 

However, make no mistake, 
Cauthen was in no way outwit- 
ted on Slip Anchor. The 
reigning champion had no 
option bnttejnake the running 
oo the always, hard polling 
four-year-old and the feet that . 
Lord Howard de Walden's 
resdutegaUoper had missed a 
couple of pieces of vital work 
saw the .favourite tire in the 
dosing sti£e& - 

“He reared up in his box 
and split his head open three 
weeks ago, so naturally we had 
to take things a bit easy," 
Henry Cecfl, foe trainer, said. 
“I don't like making erases 
for beaten horses, but Tin sore 
Slip Anchor will be all foe 
better for this race." * 

Harwood was 'nevertheless 
delighted with Phardante's 
fine burst of finishing speed. 
“The horse was never really 
right last season," said foe 
Pulbanmgb trainer. “I think 
well take Sfip Anchor m 
again in the Coronation CqL 
After all we've got everything 
to gain and nothing to lose^" . 

There is nothing more excit- 
ing than watching a new Flat 
racing season come to fife In 

had earlier shown ns a three- 
year-old colt of high potential 
when Cauthen persuaded foe 
previously unraced Verd-An- 
tiqae to stride home lfe 
lengths dear of Danslti in foe 
Coral Newmarket Stakes. - 
Those who had plunged on 
foe Shirley Heights coital U> 
10 must have had their hearts 
in their -boots at foe boshes 
where Cauthen was riding for ; 
all he was worth. “He's natu- 
. raDy very green," -said foe five 
Times champion trainer. *Tm 
rare he's got a bright future , 
bat he's still gat a lot to 
prove." ...... . 

. -Ladbrokes are prepared to 
offer 5-1 against Cedi winning 
his second Derby with any. 
colt. And Sheikh Moha mmed , 
Verd- Antique's owner, holds 
an even stronger hand as be 
also l»ws shares in Vincent 
O'Brien's Imperial Falcon and 
in his son David's Ftoravanti. 

We also saw two sound two- 
. year-old performances. Natu- 
rally Fresh stamped herself as 
a candidate for Ascot's Queen 
Mary Stakes when sfiormfog 
home by seven lengths in foe 
EBF WHbraham Stakes for 
John Winter. And after 
Cauthen had initiated foe first 
kg of a donble on Quel Esprit 
in foe Arlington Stabs, Matt 
McCormack said, “Tha is foe 
best two-year-dd I've had 
since Honge. He'll rmi at 
Salisbury next week and then 
to Ascot .for foe Coventry - 

Other classic 

from Michael Stoute, after the 

.Newmarket trainer . had 
watched Kabiyla sprint to a 
comfortable victory in foe 
Charles Heidsieck Cham- 
pagne Handicap. j Talking 
about. Untold, Bob CowelFs 
Hoover Fillies' Mile winner, 
he raid: “The filly had to min . 
foe 1,000 Guineas as she had a 
temperature eariy in the sed-. 
son. She’s now going to 
Newbury far foe Sir Charles ; 
Core Memorial Stakes-" 

Fioravanti to advance Derby claim 

From Our Irish Racing Correspondent, Dublin 
The big attraction at Pboe- that he wiB niqt-be bothered by Curragh 

nix Park this afternoon wfll be 
foe three-year-old debst of the 
unbeaten Fioravanti in the 
Swettenbam Stud race, spon- 
sored by Robert Sangster. 

Fioravanti, a Northern 
Dancer; colt, won twice last 
year for Sheikh Mohammed 
and London bookmakos re- 
port that there has been 
inspired hacking for him for 
the Derby, sponsored by Era- 
Ready, at Epsom for which he 
now stands as joint second 
favourite at 10-1. ■ 

David O'Brien believes that 
Fioravanti is not folly wound 
up, but that hts.dass is such 


■ With the ground at New- 
market drying oat fost David's 
father, Vincent, has become 
increasingly optimistic iff a 
good showing on the part of 
Tate Gallery in this 
afternoon's. 2JW0 Guineas. 
This would have been 
Piggott’s mount in foe race 
had be resumed race riding 
this week and already the 
1,000 Guineas has been won 
by haselection. 

However, Tate Gallery did 
not store a: great deal iff. 
enthusiasm when put under 
pressure behind Lidhame in 
tiie Gladness Stakes at foe 

last month and a 
safer each-way investment 
could he Toca Madera, 1 A 0 
comes to the race with an 
unbeaten record. 

• Toca Madera has yet to be 
tested on today's surface but 
Uam Browne, his. trainer, 
believes that he will go on any 
sort of ground. 

Should he wm It would mark 
a revival in the dassicfintoBes- 
of his family, which has not 
produced a winner in this 
category since Lord Westmin- 
ster had three St Leger win- 
ners from It hi eight years, 
coodnding with Satirist in 

From Onr French Raring 
Correspondent, Paris 

Asteroid Field and 
Tanouma, who filled the 
places, one and a half lengths 
and three lengths behind 
Maysoon. m the Fred Darting 
Stakes at Newbury, both hold 
each-way prospects in the Du- 
bai Poute cTEssai des Pouliches 
(French 1.000 Guineas) at 
Longchamp tom or row after- 
noon. However, so do at least 
eight other fillies in this wide- 
. open race. 

Northern Premier, 
Beaujolaisc. Carnation and 
Regal Stale were divided by 
two heads and a neck, with 
.Phtianza dose up in sixth in 
foe principal trial, the Prix de 
la Grooe. Regal-. State, who 
beat River Dmcer and Baiser 
Vrfe in foe Prix Monty, and 
was over foe top when disap- 
pointing in the Grand 
Critirium, is the choice. 

Or Vision, who had 
difehda. River Dancer and 
Baiser^ Vofefnthkd, fourth and 
fifth behind her, when winning 
foe nix Imprudence on ray 
bad ground, is another, with a 
cfeardmm. .... 

Dmnister, the mount of 
Steve Ca othen, jean step up on 
.his. Newmarket third behind 
Supreme Leader and Fidd 
Hand to win the £48,335 Prix 
Gassy. Fidd Hand, who went 
on to beat Scottish Reel in.the 
Tnxsfoouse Forte Mite last 
week, is in the field again. 

Jffl 1 1 I I , HQfweaxJDamister did not 

have a hard race at Newmarket 
and is confidently expected to 
torn the tables. 

Brent Thomson, who rides 
Hdd Hand, takes foe mount 
on Nepalais for Coquette 
Head in foe earlier Prix des 
Gobelins to familiarise himself 
with the course. The Irish 
trained Ramich John runs for 
the third * time in 9 days, 
following ptacings at Sandown 
and AscoL 

St Esiepbe. who will be 
aided by a recently purchased 
pacemaker Morespeed, won 
the Prix dHaroourt by six 
lengths from Over foe Ocean 
with BaiUamonl coming late to 
be third. This much improved 
coll looks the one to chase 
Damister home . 

3-1 Piwce Sabo. 4- 1 Woteh Wow. 6-1 Mareybte. Prince Reyrtw. 6-1 Doubts 
Schwartt. Storm Warning. 10-1 Amigo Loco. 12-1 ModSSt 14-1 othvs. 

FOM fe JPRBIC ESABO ggbMtan *ltoW roD0m«(8-1» toft PROBE REVMQ (9- 
6 )3rfl bBaten2V, [ and STORM Wy WWQ *tti beaten 314L 11 run. Goodwood S 
good ajuj; "•GpUJCO grtMag beM yhttto Powder Keg (IMT 7 ran. Thin* « 
gpod to ??I"*{^^ boateo s to WOADWATER MUSIC (8- 

2L 5 » ««»* •«« « *5“ AYtl to “"tea (8-5) 16 ran. 
— (WTiadbeattn r*. shJidtDl 

2nd I 

mill WELSH NOTE «-11) «tti beaten 1L 13 ran. Ascot 5t good Oct iaCLAWT*E(8-l1) 
i 2HI to Perion (7-131 witt BROADWATER MUSIC (S5) 8t 

lisavyApr 23. 
ban PRINCE 1 

1 8th a(9. Epsom 5T 


AJS CULFORD STAKES (3-y-o: E4£4fc 1m 4f) (9) 

502 2-1 PAEAN (lord Kds WBkMn) H CscRS-7 . 

506 034020- FRBICH FLUTTER (J Snath] R 
508 ' 

034020 - FHEHCH FUJTTCR (J Sratfl] R S»watf>BrMB 
I IdGHLAD KhsBdi Mohammed) O DooMb 9-0 . 

I* PEARLY WNG (USA) |A BoJg) G Hwwood B-U 
■I I III I II 1 1 I 1*°— — 1 u JarW9fl| 

R Cochrane 3 


I Hsrwood 9-0... 

04- TURMB 8 C (C Spence) O Itorisy 90 . 
43- VBOTAOJE (T SU) P Hasten 9-0 . 

3- WHTTE R Ety (Lorfl F to mcnW ci Q W Hem 90 
HOPEFUL LME (M FuMofc) 8 H*S 8-11 






Evens Paeon. 3-1 Pearly King. 5-1 WNta Reel. 8-1 HopOM Urn. 10-1 HewWad 

12-1 odwre: 


The* 5 

. NCrawthorB 

- T W9Bama4 

- W Canon 1 
. B Th o nu c h 0 


Televised: 1^0, 2.0, Z30 
1 to soft 


(3-Y-O: £2137: 1m 2f 131yd) (7 runners) 

1 01-4 CSrraraOMTJ EtfiodngtonS-4 MWoed4 

2 3-02 GORGEOUS mUKEC Nelson 9-4 RHBsI 

3 2T4- TOMMY WAY {QJ Dunlop 94 OBntar3 

5 010- CA8HEW IONS 8 McMahon 8-13 JMM&2 

7 03-3 BADARBAK R Johnson-HougMor 8-12 KOvUqrS 

9 0-2 oeestDAR R HofcsheadB-11 SPwlal 

10 82-4 LOCAL HERBERT I BrtSng 8-11 J M MMjdi 7 

l3eBedarbak. 7-2 Tommy Wm. 1 1 -2 Goroeous Strike. 8-1 
Local Herbert 8-1 Doribeniar. 12-1 Centrepon. 20-1 

Haydock selections 

By Mandarin 
130 Badarbak. 2.0 Bmdeaves. 2.30 GREY 
DESIRE (nap). 3.0 Barley BilL 330 Pay Din. 4X1 
Pearl Fisher. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Stoneydale. 2.30 Orojoya. 3.0 Barley BilL 4.0 
Chummy's Own. 

3J) BOTANY BAY STAKES (3-Y-Ch £1 ,755:1m 

40y m 

2 09-2 ‘ LANCE P OoU 10-1 : 

4 Ml BARL£Y BSJ. L Cunori 9-12 

7 310- SHARX RQHTH1JC) D McCain 9-12 D McCala tar (4) 7 
9 -911 MARMA KATA (D)D Chapman 89 - Sarah Nm (4) 6 
10 400- ANNUAL EVENT J S WHson 9-7 DHKToggwtS 

12 0 KXESONGRHoRnUwadW _u_ J»taQo33Ea2 

14 0-00 ICO BLAND J Barry 9-7 JoBvryS 

16 9-00 MAWULVN GATE M H EesJorty 9-7 Lola BattarbyW* 

17 os- vBuui(rK)rMakiuii»7 

9-4 B«% BU, 5-2 Verdant Boy, 11-4 Lance. 11-2 Mwina 
PUB. 8-1 Mamflyn Gate. 12-1 omera. 

0: £1.901:5f) (15) 

00 PAT omTTFartajret 8-11 ! C 

THEKNMN R HoBnahead 8-11 


CREAM AND Gfl£B( KWife 8-8 — 2 














THE 8RAZUAX E Afanon 8-8 

OKFS FWUareM F^GocSey 8-5 
0 RMS BACK R Kchots 95 
H KJJROM W Eaaarpy 82. 

ft QLORY GOLD M Brtt5t7-13 
400 HADDVB8MY K Skua 7-13- 
90 PRCT waxfq m weaaurty7-g — L( 
w QMC K ftP Citt o cu apiBei 7-1 a - sp* 

435 TURN OF THE LANDS HANDICAP (£5^72: 1m 21) (12) 

602 430131- ASSWAN fitftan AdhOT) J Rancema 6-9-9 — El 

603 00424-4 BANK PARADE (CWMs S LaggM J IMn S-&8 

605 019430 SHaiMAHJQ (6 SoweibylK Eton* 4-8-12 Q a 

606 011140/ WYLFA (C-Ql(U»d MOStyn) J Shew 5-8-11 PR 

607 003411- ISLAND SET (USA) (D) (d nULCwel 4-8-10- 

606 400493 PA6AN 8 UH (T R amaderq A BaBay 5-6-8 

611 001004 WELL COVBSI (n (K TomlnEorqR IWlratiBad 5-94 . 

612 330300- JOU WASH (mUSA) ID) (D IWW M Haynes 5-84 Rl 

613 4(0031- KAMX£BARra04raM HagoaslJW WUfe Wl 

614 003014- BEN ADHEMn(Q Wdcfl HcSor 4-8-1 T1 

. G1 



4003041 DBUMMtCi 
■ 3411- MMBALAOI | 

>(Pr*x» A Safemn) S Norton 4-7.13- 

4-1 Mn BatasS. S-1 (Stand Sol 0-1 Wet Coveted. 7-1 HendMier. 9-1 Asswan. 10-1 
Pagan Sun. Ben Adhsnt 12-1 Sholman. Jot Wasfl. 14-1 others. 

First of season for the Queen 

The Queen bad her first, 
success of the season, and her 
first ever ax Carlisle, when (he 
aptly-named Northern Meeting 
won the Bow Fell - Maiden 
Fillies’ Slakes at the Cumbrian 
(rack yesterday. The home-bred 
i hree-y ear-old completed a 21 V- 
1 double fbr John Matthias, who 
earlier won the Brandreth 
Claiming Stakes on Chummy's 

Trained by Ian Balding. 
Northern Meeting had shown 
little in three outings last season 
and refused to enter the stalls on 

her intended fourth start. But 
she did nothing wrong on this 

Blinkered first time 

(UYbobx 2.0 Shanausha! - 
2to PkKo Micas. '830 PferWal 

2JJ STOCKPORT HANDICAP (E&934; 5f) (10) 

20940 OBITft£SCWe&0|RI«chol4«4 KHmI 

3 941 SUtirsCHOKEO Chapman 904 (7ox) DNfcto**2 

4 009-' ST0NETDA1£ <D| N Calatfan 4-9-1 _ N CooMrtoa3 

5 006- GEORGE WILLIAM (D) P jBawn 5-8-13 — 1 

6 941 BOTCLEAVE S U McCormacfc 8-8-12 QBatowtO 

7 1034 R!VERSX3€ WW1ER (D) K Brntowalw 4-8-7 PtTArey 7 

9 111- UPTOWN GRL(C4nYoarron 9*4 RM*5 

11 00-31 SHANOUSKA® JSVWson 6-7-12 _ SPQMAS (9)0 
13 4303 GOLD DQCHESBEB) M W EflBtorby 4-7-7 LChamock 4 

15 ooo- ■ureraratig«(Ote*w*y TTn[| . ni||1J . 

M Rvorside Wrttar. 7-2 Goto Ouchass. 4-1 Uptown Girl, 9- 
2 andeava. 7-1 Shanousks. 10-1 &Wya CMes. 12-1 othars. 

pone Solly’S choice 

9 ran. Kaon Bt h eap salt Apr 28. BWCLEAVE S 
betoan shJid %1. 12 ran. 

UPTOWN OK. (7-4 won 
WarwWt 51 h eap gt ' - 
Ifl from Comch a nn 

THrak 7T h’cap mitt Ap ria 

Z30 FAIREY SPRMG TROPHY (£9,182: 7f 40yd) 

1 390 OROJOYA 

2 011 BOLLM 

3 -112 GREY 
82S40- SARA! 

9 094 


12 094 ATOKAJohn 

154 Gnw Dton. 2-1 Oro(oya. 4-1 Sarab. 5-1 BoOn Kn®*. 
10-1 Sevnm Bora. 20-1 orhara 

FORM; OBOJ QTAt9-2) 6ft brafrn into Homo BratonOgwHi 
GREY DRSBa (9-1 ZJ 9nff Heaton 2L 9 ran. Nyrm arfrg t Wi 

9-4 ftfrr VW. 11-4 Maddytwrav: 9-2 ThoWdan, 5-1. PubSc 
Prate. 15-2 HUM. 10-1 Gtory Gold. 12-1 atm. 

4J) FANMAKBIS HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2^63: 1m 
4f)(11) ..... 

1 412- AL SAUTE J Duntopfr? OBattorl 

2 4-14 MURFAX K-W J Oowr 91 —3 

3 1 PEARL FtSHER JFrtnoomB 9-1 UBfcrttZ 

4 USD BEAU IBRAQEC Booth 8-10 JO nH -4 

8 409- OUTOI OF SWORDS R HoBrah— d8-7 >_ SPwtolf 

7 941 GAJtOUSa. ROCKET J 8 MRH 94 ; —6 

8 940 GROVE TOWER RMchob 94 i— N Horn 5 

9 4-14 MMBLE NATIVE E Norton 8-1 JOakm&Z 

13 0-1 CMUMiVS OWN SR N Catahan 74 1- 

14 -001 StrrNTOTOPIBNreaXDrKStona 


15 040 SEAMXM Hfti. C*S J WS*ott 7-7 _ Jgfta Bowfcar(7) A 
3-1 Swrntord Prince. 7-2 Pearl Hahor. 94 M Stea. 11-2 

Chummy's Own. 7-1 Carousal rr oc fr ai. 10-1 Murtax. 13-1 
NHnM Natira, 14-1 othors. 

O ara ri ar 51 h'aap good Apr 11 . 

11 from Derry Peter (8-2) 18 ran. 

Vtanrfdc 51 h'esp good to ifrm Oct Ii SHANOU8KA (7-8) won 


7 ran. Ayr Bt h eap good to srft Apr 7. 
m 19 to hfls Thnas (84) 11 ran. 

I J EtnorlngtBn *4-12 M Wood 7 

1448 Ptrtayt 

Today’s course specialists 


TMBIBS H Cad. 87 wmnors frpm 314 lunmra. 7131*. O 
□outob. 6 from 35. 17. Ws M Stouts. 49 from 310, 158%. 
JOCKEYBt SCaidhan. 71 wfrrara from 484 rfcfas; 147%; W R 
Sorinbam. 42 bom 831; 138%. W Carson. 48 from 400. 11.7%. 

THAMRSc H Oseft. is wtonsmfrom 42 naaiSR.428%; 1 Tins, 

8 from 37. 21.8%cll Stouts. 18 from BSL 188%. '• . 

JOCKEYS; T Quinn, flywwws from 42 rtdss. 21 MnP Cook. 11 
tram 1 ia ft.7%: A McGtona, 8 ton 1 1ft. 88%. 


TTUlBCTIS.; J_Wndtoy. B nfrwwra from 23 runnsre. 348%; M 
McComac fr. 5 frwn ZL 258%; M Stouta. 14 from 61, 228%> 
JOOtttfcl RMfc riwtonm from 78 ridao. 148%; G Baxter. 7 
from 51, 13.7%( K Dsrfey. ID from 129, 78%. 


■mamas: g nctete a wtmoi* from 56 rmnora. 278%; m 

cSttSs. 26-7 ^ j 11 * om48 - a * SiL 

imarare R Houor. 16 Winners frail 54 nmn. 29 Aft; J 
Jenkte 25fran 8%; J Oto, 13 from 82. 21 8%. 
JOCKEYS S SbOtwood, t3 term from 38 rtdss.- 348%; P 
Scudmora. 48 from 229.30.1%; P Rttwb.8 fran TtJiZZ*. 


Going: good 
Drew: no wfvaittuge - 

1m) (23 runners) 

1 200- FLYHOMEjK PD CondrA 54-18 CCtotor(B)1 

2.411 SMOLE^tQW G MD^msn 

- 44-13 SaGDsMUUfrtaraGns 

3 409- ANY B U8H I CT3 K3 W Wasson (g 7 

-5 080- AUGUST J Trw 54-10— JOosm@3 

-8 194 POCT PATROL (0)PCundaN 5-9-4 — JKaoosdy (6)2 
9 MB ftPARKPOmUUlDBswofft 

12 940 DEPUTY READ (D)J Hod 6-8-9. 

13 WO- AmftTAOE R ArmttronQ 4-8-8 

16 094 BAY PRESTO fll) K Brassay 4-1 

17 4«a FOOLISH TOuSl (BUD) K Sto 

L SWHwrfh7 

4-7-11- P Bate (7)6 

O McKay 15 

N CatajNn 4-7-7 -—5 

21 094 PEANDAY H 

22 094 MR JAY-ZS 

24 934 EXSTT (D) R 

25 820- CATS LULLABY (^ S Dow 4-7-7 

£4,783: 1m) (2^ 

1 99- AD0M3ALSALL J WkHer94 M 

4 _Q BEAU SH BtBHar txPy 9-0 A 

uampewdMJ I K^* 3 "*™** 


A MscKayZS 

11 940 SWOT PAL* 

124029- 8 

14 294. AGABAPRMCErilf)'PClAM644 — LHtetoigU 

15 000- RUNNMQ BUU. JDaoles 5-9-0 JA5»(8)10 

15 001- LONG BAY H CoOngridga 4-8-11 L_ — — 11 

1802-10 GO»DLflFT(BRPtoete 4-8-10 —20 

19 940 CHAISE IXPWUE H OTfr* 4-8-7 — Q ftw (51 21 


_ JCwtorf5)13 



'22 HO- REA7HGR*FNCBtehan4«4 

23 409- OSTENTATIOUS CWfaatn 4-8-3 — 

2* 09ft HBWON (» Ms N SmMh 4-8-2 

28 000- EUCHARnAI«di4-8-0_: : 

27 0W TURCY BOY RHo-s 5-7-13 : K 


4-7-10R Moras (3)0 

29 940 DANBMNCERnKCuDataflham-8rom 4-7-9. —10 

32 -ora NANOR W Ktorp97-8, ■ — S 

33 009 DUXESWOOO BGubby 4-7-0 P Btonsrt (S) 12 

35 209- IWUrenwoLUOMOrSTT 8 

' 11-8 Stela. 94 M a a t tiQdtf. 6-1 Oatont a Bo u s. 84 FMwma. 

10-1 EueharfiTlha Uta. 12-1 Spring Purat*. 2p-l-oftwrs. 



f JSr SSFS'yi!?-* 0 ****” 

8 423- DUFF DSwmrfti 9-0~ 

II ,9-4 HUMawro R Houghtan-9-0 
15 094 HAllXMLAOMMcC(Xirtft4 
10 . KRAAM C Banstaod 94 
17 3 LKBnNMG BYTE GGraoay 9-0 , 

SWMtwoilh 2S 


. ROYAL LOCMMStoM^ ^ 9 ^' 

» WA Wrygm owoe 

9 4HARPETTO M Alika 94 


. HRnbartsir 
B Rousa 9 



MGRas(7) It 

— BCrontoy 4 

, AWntoHyM 

33 009- (toiLi u N Wp ore 94 . 

34 0 THEQUarnXNJSulcMsi 

Kempton selections - 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Single: 2.43 Marimbal 3.15 Ameghino. 3.45 
Vianpra. 4.15 Bold Rex. 4.45 Acquistuve. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Heaihmiff. 2A5 Marimba. 3.45 Shafy. 4.15 
Evrbs. 4.45 Tap The- Baton. 

Michael Seely's selection: 3.15 Tyn^lie. 






POaok 2 

KENANGA H Cacd 8-n 


.□Pile* (5) 16 

*4 VUNORA QHwraod 8 .il 

Doff. 8-1 -Vteora. 8-1 

F ra n adio . 10-1 

20-1 others. 

12-1 Haftdon Lad. 14-1 Enfold. 

— MVMra] 

— G 0uHd7 


{2-Y-O: £2.455: 5f) (10) • . , 


- 3 



5-2 Wtoer of LmJ 7-fl Ctorante 5-t ParUand* BeSe, 8-1 
RaeraftpoA 10-i Uttnte^-lJftt.Lodcy, 16-1 dhoro. . . 

2 CLARSmAM Usito-B-11 _ — 
EBONY PMDEPnMIchea 8-11 

8 RCBHH 8 E «* Hsynas 8-11 
0 HTT LUCKY R Srryth- 8 -M 

■ran— ft jwiraerB-iT . 

02 PftRKLftIBS BOLE MHmiss 9-11 
*341 _ 


4.15 PRINCESS HANDICAP (£3,163: 1m 41) (10) 

I M? SStMRSSrSS?* 7 — — *528 

s - — — \*2Zl 

i g I 

tl EftStB^— N Adams 7 


SURB.T GREAT O Thom 8-M OsyKiA— Amp 

WATB1 OFUWEP — j 9-11 P 4 

( 18 ) .. 

3 040 DAWNS DBJGHTB)K>m 9B-6 ^TWitaodt (SB 
■4 02-1 rmOL IJE(C4frN^ Mg ora W PCodtifl 

.5 200 - MWCirafijMKYIlfiUN48LCoara( 

- - - - ■ ■ ....MMrnsI 

7 1311 WftX GEORGE (D)C Homan /MM .: , .VRra! 

. 8 J 094 AUEQHMO (C-O) M McCourt 8 -W _ R RairaM 12 

ft 210- GREEN DOLLAR CTBGubby 34-12 -LL.;tQPuI0sM 4 
TO OmOSTE CARGO ME RwKfrf^10^-^_A Cite 11 
If 029- . FgW t MAU m D BawrAi WMLra* AtbOteft 











S- 4 ,* 


j ; . 

s'J <7 


lr * : 

'X- ' ' 

■ =» 

*: ■ • 

*■- ’ 


i: ■ . 

'Vi f, » ' 

. TV 


*- i v. 



] -T . 



ft, t 

‘. ta - 

jl^tf **T 

■fc-o • , 
•:*** 7 ‘ 



A KctOoM 2%- 

— TOnfeH 11 

i ■ 


.. : 
■S. '• 

yS S5s 1 ^5?i 1 1 ^ A,DeN auction stakes fi- 

14 MpraweSSt-’toftM WRran5 ' 

11 — — — T Oaton 12 


V fa* 

•••-' -rr- 

■■■■* — i.. 

j',*1 V- 

• :i 4/ - 



Snow (Chief looks too hot Resnlts froi 
for Bold Arrangement -S™"* 6 


Arrangement, a fon-finish- r nr ** 

S** “'**« Blue Grass Sr^fiKTi^ b ? t 1 he Irmnian ‘ who has been asstv 

States tune days ago, should E rf cafod -with the last seven of his 

9RP.M* a pfe in teu to become ihefiLst British- nine career victories. IJte the 

} ->v Si 
- w r 

^over !0 forlongs^^dffL^ 
/Louisville Downs today The 

;K£ justafieriwo 

jo come , five Wide on the final 


more strides. 

■t^Pf , Mc Camm, who has 
been at the top of the tree ever 
since be rode a world-record 546 
?g5? eTS . apprentice in 

1974, takes over from Pat 
Eddery on the Give Brittain- 

.Bold Arrangement was ran- 
n uig op dirt for the first tune at 
•teeneiand and should be better 

ga med wm ner of the 1 12ryear- 

Saow Chief who a 
S TIBdifFe t™* CaWor- 

^ will start a hot fevourite. He 
is unbeaten in fonr races this 
yeflTi uichufing the Florida and 
Santa Anita Deribys, and must 
be the choice. 

He won the Florida race by 
1% lengths from' another 
Californian, Badger Land, who 
w«t on to give Bolshoi Boy 41b 
and a four-length beating in 
Hialeah's Flamingo Stakes. 
Botehoi Boy ran second, beaten 
threequarters of a length by the 
20-1 Bachelor Bean, with Bold 
Arrangement a bead behind 
him, m the Blue Grass. 

Snow. Chief is ridden by 
Alexis Solis, a 21-year-old Pans- 

nine career victories. Like the 
other 15 contestants, the 
favourite has never tried further 
than nine furlongs and the extra 
distance has found out many 
hading fancies. 

The inevitable strong pace 
will suit Bo Id Arrangement, who 
could not be tougher. He never 
stops trying ana never runs a 
bad race, with the benefit of a 
more favourable draw this tune, 
four out from the rail, he can 
give Snow Chief plenty to do, in 
company with Badger Land 
Fobby Forbes and the lightly- 
raced Vernon Castle may be best 
of the others, but Flobby Forbes 
cannot be backed singly on the 
pari-mutueL He is bracketed, as 
The fiekT, With Wise Times, Icy 
Groom and Zabalcta, all of 
whom also have a chance. 

Results from 

t . DUEL ESPRIT JS cauften, 
Water MtfMtfe (R Cochrane, 

' Afcadl friwas. 5-tt ALSO 


S windum. W fevfc 2, Pkan One (W 
Carson. 33-Tk 3. Jay Gm ffl (M L 
Thomas. 20-1 l ALSO BAN; 3 MftWSSa 
MhL 100-30 bo My pw (Wit 8 Quean 
taftfe. M Garnet. Ring Of Pearl. 20 
SSvors Em (6th). 33 CaS rar Taylor. Utter 
Upstart Uadho Gold. 12 ran. NR: Kate la , 
Best 71 IfcLt*. KUU Witter at | 
Newnwkflt TOTE £2^0: Cl 20. ESjQO. ! 
ESJ30. DF: E3&30. CSF: EB74M. Intel , 


Gastleford have the edge 

,‘ j PT ; 


# Going: good to firm 

; IS)^SSSI) M0WCH ' HUHDl£ <“• ■=«■“*= 

2 — G QtEjP) PBown 5-11-8. 

’■ iSi'8SQRSBgi-* i i 

. 7 0001 

10 08 

11 0102 BRUWEAN BREEZE R 6-io-T2 

■£ - »«a«a. house j .MihJS-iii-i, i HSSS n. 

I £ JEg&gI3iSX & 

| " aaBstaewa r 

s "3 

, f « SS^BVSSSWit 

61 OOP TRUEBLOSSOMJ Wflttw 5-10-7 

’» 56 WEDDING SONG C TriteSne 4-102 A Shtepe 

- . 11-4 Tenzing, 3-1 Kadesh. 4-1 WKstoy Tkna, 8-1 Thx» 

* MMjjMtaam 12-1 Lore Murpfiy. w*i 8nnffi 

Worcester selections 

• ■ By Mandarin 

- 6-0 Lord Murphy. 630 Silver Wind. 7.0 Observe. 
; 7-30 Welsh Oak. 8.0 Back In Action- 8.30 AmhafL 


. 2 UFHJ SOLVER «MD($ Mm M Aral 7-12KS- PSeadnore 


WRDLE (£2,136: 2m)(19) 

1 0000 BUTLBW PET raTHflBB 7-11-11 PHcteRfc 

if SS 

a js ««!#«»••« •■ - 

s sss 

« 58 

23 -000 DOBSONS CMKEffl) E Bans 8-10-5 P Merer 

» 7-10-5 _IL rI** 

25 m SO BRAVE CVHtettB-M-S Mks S Baktor (71 

siBsjmsss.- 1 *® 


31 0000 BUTCH MASTSI H OW 7-«ui 

33 0000 SAINT DUBA560FF (t>I» JSpaari^^MTTwaS 

37 4f4- WlLDOWBaDGrCTlI 

39 0W ROYAL TYCOON (njAaSiogme 

j,|Qn n nft|h UM rii 

40 0041 SAUCY SUMOR W Clay 5-104 Diana Clay (7) 

.. 3-1 Weteft Oak.4-1 OeuflTo Play, 8-1 Sudan Pat The Nub, 
8-1 Mora Hopeful, 10-1 Royal Babe. 12-1 M« Do MM, 12-1 


• The Nub rune only V them la owmlght rein 


( 20 ) 


6 4m THE WB 


10 FPltf* STOWCLL GROVE PMflVV Clay 9-1 VI _SJ0TMi 

11 234P FAST FUGHT (D) J FaA+teyet 

IMHUBaaPFUcO Hayeaff) 

12 8404 LULAV (C-OID PBchar 8-11-0 MrDpEbar 

13 ItOS BACK IN ACKIN (D) K BalW . j 

7-10-12 UrTThgawaa lanai I 

14 084 THE QO+Orjn Urs W Syfcas 12-10-12 


17 .aoa MARINA SnWilQO OTMI 7-10-10 JSdhMB 

18 RIP MARANZI (C-D) J CoNkrn 8-104 EMnkyfl) 

21 l»TO GHMA (D) | Oingam 9-10-4 MR SiS 

g ROF- ASP91 RARE (ftA Moors 10-103- GMoom 

pm PALATNATE G furfioan 8-104) SlkM 

27 024P GALILEO 
29 13F0 

Jaefcpofc net won. Place**: £19240. 


Qatao; anod to aaA 


Poor's AdoHon n4-1L 10 ran. Hi. l&L J 
Winter. Tow: Eliifc EIjOO. E2.0Q, ESjBO. 

OF: ESiSO. CSF: £1342. 

PM (J Mattvas. 
(7-1): 3. Samba 
n. N Canadian. 
to, ra5or df: 

• By Keith Maddin 

> The issues regarding the 

* Silk Cut Challenge Cup final 
, between Castfcfbrd and Hull 
: Kingston Rovers at Wembley 

today seemed dearcut when 
i the semi-finals were complet- 
f ed. It was another match 
; between top dogs and onder- 
j dogs, ■ with Rovers dear 
; favourites and Castleford cast 
in the role of gallant losers 
who would put up a brave 
show on the big day. 

Opinions, however, have 
slowly veered towards 
Castleford in the past few 
weeks. Firstly, Rovers have 
lost their complete second 
row, Chris Burton and Phil 
Hogan, both with broken 
arms. Since the second row 
constitutes the pistons of tbe 
pack, these two experienced 
players will be hard to replace. 
Roger Mill ward, the Rovers 
coach, brings into his Wem- 
bley squad Andy Kelly, Des 
Harrison and the talented, but 
inexperienced, Paul 
Speckman. They are all sound 
players, but none has the 
fierce tackling power of Bur- 
ton or Hogan's speed through 
a gap- 

Since they beat Leeds in a 
gruelling semi-final replay. 
Rovers have had a tiring series 
of league matches to complete 
their season, and last Sunday 
they were thrashed 47-0 by 
Wigan in the premiership first 
round. While Rovers have the 
experience and track record to 
(in themselves out of this 
trough, it is not always easy for 
a side to burst back into 
confidence after a poor series 
of results. 

Castleford, on the other 
hand, have no serious iqjury 
worries, and once their minor 
relegation problems were out 
of the way. they were able to 
complete their league season 
without stress. They play to- 
gether as a team, yet have 
some brilliant individuals in 
the Australian forward Ian 

hockey r 

points to 

By Sydney Frisian 

Hounslow, one of the most 
talented and experienced sides 
in England, go to Prescot, near 
Liverpool, today with a good 
chance of winning the inter- 
league championship. This two- 
day event, to be played on 
artificial turf, will officially 
bring ip a. dose, the 198S-86 

Mft ' • fi • v 'tU'ivVfV. 

uiu uuuu A/avnt vi bimhm mi, um: nun iwh^ ihi mwenv rapiam t fip > ™ 

role at Wembley. Inset The veteran international, John Joyner, who leads Castleford 

French, the identical Beard- 
more twins, the veteran inter- 
national Joyner, and 
M archant — the new discovery 
at centre for Great Britain. 

Rovers have a slight doubt 
about their international wing, 
Garry Clark, who has had a 
persistent shoulder injury. No 
one can quite assess the 
psychological effect of this on 

the speedy wing, who has not 
had the best of seasons, pri- 
marily through that injury. 

Rovers are magnificently 
led by that great battler. 
Watkinson, and have match- 
winning Australians in their 
stand-off half, John Donah y. 
and the loose forward. Gavin 
Miller. At halfback they have 
a little imp in Paul" Harkin, 


Spencer under threat 
as rivals close gap 

From Michael Scott, Madrid 

Tbe prospect of a close coo- 
lest for the 1986 SOOcc world 
championship was confirmed 
by yesterday's first practice ses- 
sion for tbe season-opening 
Spanish Grand Prix at the 
twisting Jarama circuit outside 

f .v Fri fifi PH I (TV iTTT«>T\ 

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Market Rasen selections 

By Mandarin 

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26 ROSEDALE H Rmg 4-1 
3-1 HUBodBBboa. 7«2 Nacrasco. 4-1 DaMas Wnea, 11-2! 
Bfoo awWAte MaSFiQSantxroe. 12-1 omen. 

The six teams at Prescot are 
split into two groups: Houns- 
low, Cambridge City and Isca 
making up group A; Bourn ville. 
East Gnnnead and Wehon, 
group B.' The- winners and 
runners-up lit each group will 
qualify for the semi-finals and 
the final will be played tomor- 
row afternoon . 

Hounslow, with two members 
of the Great Britain team. Potter 
and Bfaaura, in top form, should 
finish od top of group A, leaving 

Cambridge City, captained by 
Graves, and lsca to battle for 
second place. 

In tbe other group East 
Grinstead, led by Richard Le- 
man, also from the Great Brit- 
ain squad, look the strangest, 
particularly as they have Ian 
Taylor in goal 

were within one second and the 
reigning champion Freddie 
Spencer — apparently invincible 
last year — was no better than 

Last year, the champion from 
Shreveport, Lousianna, on the 
works Rothmans-Honda, had 
only one real rival, Eddie 
Lawson, -of California, on the 
Marlborbugb-sponsored V4 
Yamaha. This season, a number 
of new works Yamahas and a 
mixed crop of new and old . 
works riders mean his suprem- 
acy is less assured. 

Perhaps the biggest threat 
comes from his own new Honda 
team colleague, the UK- based 
Australian, Wayne Gardner, 
who has graduated from last 
year's slower V3 machine to the 
!80mph 140bbp V«J Honda. 
Gardner, at the highest level in 
only bis second full season, 
seems lo have adapted fast to 

the more difficult machine and 
was fastest yesterday. 

Lawson was next, but only 
one hundredth of a second 
ahead of Randa Mamola, who 
has switched from supporting 

for the new Lucky Strikes team, 
managed by the triple cham- 
pion, Kenny' Robots. Then 
came Spencer, with the top 
Briton Rob McElnea (Marl- 
borough Yamaha) fifth. This is 
promising for the burly 
Humberside rider, who is still 
gening to know the Yamaha 
after two years with Suzuki. At 
this early s t age, McElnea is 
ahead of two ' other works 
Yamahas, ridden by United 
Slates champion Mike Baldwin, 
in sixth, and Christian Sarron. 
of France, who was third overall 
last year. 

There were three practice 
sessions remaining, with the 
race tomorrow. 

Ain). 129.04. Spsmt 133.' 

Lawson (Yamaha, USL 1 
Mamola (Yamaha, US). 129.39: 4. F 
Sporax (Hoofla. USL 12 B 6& 5. r 
M cSnaa (Yamaha, UK), 12939; 6. M 
Baldwin (Yamaha, US). 130.1B. 

11 is a tough one to predict, 
now that the easy David v 
Goliath tag has gone from the 
game. Much as I respect 
Rovers's brilliant record in 
major trophies in recent years. 
I have a bunch that Castleford 
might play above themselves 
and puD off the sort of victory 
Feaiheistone Rovers fash- 
ioned against Hull iirl982.~ 

A champion 
way to 

By William Stephens 

The Queen's Club centenary 
championships begin today with 
an inter-dub doubles, spon- 
sored by Bear Stearns Inter- 
national. Every North .American 
dub is represented and a total of 
fifty Canadians and Americans 
are taking pan in the festival. 

A. world invitation doubles, 
sponsored by James • Capel. 
brings together the former world 
champions, Geoffrey Atkins. 
William Surtees, Howard An- 
gus. John Prenn. and the current 
holder. William Boon, as well as 
the former challengers for the 
world title, James Leonard and 
Charles Swallow. 

The kernel of the celebrations 
is a pentathlon of rackets, real 
tennis, squash, tennis, and golf. 
This will take place at various 
venues. Queen's, Eton College. 
Hay ting Island, and the Berk- 
shire Golf Club. 

The two teams taking part are 
named after the debtors' prison 
where- rackets began in-the mid- 
18th century: the Fleet, which 
are captained by David Nor- 
man. and the King's Bench, 
which are led by William 

Brendd, 8-1 Borieafras. 12-1 Vtdrorya down, 14-1 othare. 

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VaJBgnt B-i Durham BHOon, 10-1 Uastar Tercel, 12-1 Saa 
Splosh. 16-1 aBws. 

8.0 BASIL BETT NOVICES CHASE (Div h £1,307: 
2ra) (TO) 


late results 



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27 4340 SAR)VU0rrhom5-1V0 — 

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2-1 State Opfomacy 4>i AWUam. 5-1 BaDOtad 71 i 
Rngmora 8-1 Tmgla Bsfl 12-1 Fortune FW or 14 1 others 

On mg; good 

fi.15 (3m If ch)1,MBts*er® Sherwood. 
138 lavt 2. Rtzherbort (9-4); 3. Launcra 
&Wge tS-u -15 ran. XL 3L j OW. Tote; 
VL&l 6180. £1.10. £1.70. DF: E2atL 
CSF: £S82. 

546 (Zm hdfe) L Stoon HouwjB de 
HMn, 5-2 law):2. Hnaaash (&-21; 3, Sopor 
Ftogal(17-2).23nia NR: TYust The Gypsy. 
3, IL Mre J Pitman. Tow E3.00; £186, 
SilL £280. DF: £7.ia CSF: £1487. 

8.15 am 51 do 1. Lucky Rew IB da 
Raan. 25-1): 2. Cw Wnmrelll-ltaTTha 
C-ounty Stone M-1 ttv); 4, ftaral To Do (7- 
IL 16 ran. NR: Ataffltra, Sr Konwln, 
BrttmrtcUB. W. 1KL T BU Oki. Tatar 
£27^0: £380. 8480. El^OS.TO- DF: 
£533.30. CSF- £264.11 Trieasfc 

&4B (3m If 

7.15 (2m in* 

BwWeU. 25-1 1 2. BuBars Pet (12-1): 3, 
TM Enid (50-lk 4 (dead HeeQ. Bettane 
Tha SRMb (lSlYgnd Rwmeaor p-2 tort. 
26 ran 7L il D Burohea. Tote: M; 
£1 910, £4.40, £210 (BeHam The Smtti 
£i 10. Beemsson £1.005, DF £450 
(Wtnner or second w*a> amr honsrt CSF 
£33a® Tricatt £1280846 

TAB (2m hdW t Doublatoa (B Powo*. 
2-1 tort, 2. Pukka Mefor05*2]c 3. Maid Of 
Moyoda (&-1) 15 ran NR Ryrnr'e Son 
HU Kannard Teas dint et JO 

£190 £370 DF £1170 CSF £l527 
Incest £8&2S 

MS pm a h m 1 .HacWeMoo <C 
Metm M-i}, 2 Deep And Bran {M.tai). 
3 ObMc saga 03^. 4 Proopce Moss 
ii4 1] 23 ran ww.71 P Hayward Tote 
£184 30 £1330 El 20 £200 £700 DF 
£1 30 (rawer or second with any other 
Horae) CSF £12909 Tncoat £68861 

• ktyor Tom ended a loons 
sequence stretching back more 
than three veart, when storming 
home by is lengths ro tbe 
Hav wards Heath Handicap 
Chaseat Plumpton yesterday It 
was a' rare success over fences 
tor &D Wtgbtman the uajoer 
the .man who 10 vears ago 
masterminded the career of we 
prolific c&asne winner Ha How 
cen whose tnoraphs included 
the King George" aiKempton 
Major Tom (14-1) pulled up in 
tm previous race over this 
ourse m March Jed after two 
out and rapxflv came dear His 
test sucees was at Pam bouse in 
Ireland .nr, the 19S2. 3 season 

i. John Feather (D J 
Bcfflars Pet (12-1): 3, 

A busy weekend is ahead fw 
point-to-point enthusiasts with 
nine meetings today 
further II on Monday (Brum 
Bed writes). Three of lte» 
afford the tot 

sfor tbe Land Rove^finaJ ara 
^ Z for the RMCfcna. m; 
- ■ u Ctep»ow race course on Ma> 
' 26 . 

The Land Kover tac e ^ tbe 
rmue has been 9 ** «to two 
Ji visions and m Uie fits I Got 

r - uw Dtxo drawn together Tnev 


are pre terred in that orde r Ip 
the second div»on Pensr 
Greenall’s Highland Blaze looks 
10 haw an eas> task, but it w 
more than bkdv that he wiO be 
at the Radnor 3k W Hereford 
where he could have at least 

hixed Price sbtxtid retwn bw 

se ason ’s unbeaten . record m 

omm-to-point* at the' 
tJangeinoj , but the correspond 
mg event at the Fendle Forest 
looks : a competitive: race A 
haudftil of horse* could be rated 

his mark 

within a few pounds of each 
other the best of which znav be 
the 1 *-\ear-old Bob Job 1 

fbe RMi qualifier at (he 
Berkeley has attracted ^ 48 entries 
of which Three ( ounties Dawn 
Street and Straits arc the pici- 


Part PQ BfkmUy, WoocNwd CD) 
Down A S o mraaA Hoheote PO) 
Femte 'OnSw n 30)- Lawtenfau.i 
MoushouBe* (2 © Uongoteor St M»y 
W (83Q). OW Sum A Burata*. , 
AriaiWfst (2 0) Ptadte mast ACpwob, 
Gofaran (20) Tm Valor * uw. 
B rapyfarBrvan PEB . 

Wck-ofl 34) unless stated 

First division 

Birmingham v Arsenal 

Chelsea v Liverpool 

Coventry v QPR — - 

Euerion v Southampton 

Leicester v Newcastle 

Manchester C v Luton 

Oxford v Nottingham F 

Sheffield Wad v Ipswich 

Tottenham v A vnta 

Watford v Manchester Utd 

WBA.v West Ham 

Scottish premier division 

Clydebank v Aberdeen 

Dundee v Hearts 

Hibernian v Dundee LHd 

Rangere v Motherwell 

St Mirren y Celtic 

FA TROPHY: Ftafc Altrincham v Runcorn 

Banbuiy v RushOem Bteion v Forest 
Green Rovers: Bndgnorti * Bromsgrows 
Rovers; Hednattortf v M4e Osk Rows; 
LOKasier UmtBd v WabigDoraiifi^: Mer- 
lhyr Tydfil v Coventry &»rencc Moor 
Green v Leem m gto n; Oldbury OnHsd v 
SnxtxiAn: Redoui UnOM v Gtoucee- 
ter Qk ra RugDy v Granthain. So uflwr n 
_ . . - ' - v wUertoovNIe; 

BK Conntr van v 
Rusty; Dorchester v Chatham; Dover 
Assets v Andover: Dunsteos v Thenet 
Uratect Erth and B v Ashttnx; Sect ' 

Pooty Sheppey Unedd v Burntan 
TrowtindBe v woocttstL 

eWorn easiuon Untied * WaBon ant 
Keraham. Bromley v Leyton Wfciaata 
/aSCk Cheshom United v Utondw; Oral® 
Amtertc v MSdonheed UrStad &LSO}: 
L*w*» y St Wbara Ctey; Tfosov v 0»o;C 
City Second dtvMon: North: Barton 

City Second dkMan: North: Barton 
Rovera v CtuHont 8 t PWw~ Kmoeounr v 
Hamgey Bom. Vtahsii Motors v 
Heybnoge SwMa Ware v L a teh w orth GC 
Wowertoo v dapten Second dHMora 
South: Banstaed Athtedc v EastMuma 
Untod. Camberiay * Bracknefl. &ham v 
Dorking Feltham v Met Pcrtioe 
Hungsnord v Peters field united 
Southern* v Fbdcwefl Heath 

LONDON SGKQOR CUP- Fteafc Rnchiey v 
Wgrtifwrato* Ave (at Brentfond FC) 
dhtytyt: CambndflB Uriaad » West Ham 
United Ipmwti v MMwnl Onent v 
Cherten AtMMn Southend v Chebea 
WoUord v Tottenham Seated dMeioit: 
Uton h -Tottenham Oxford tinted v 
Swndon Soutttendv Southampton 
Yeadmg v WOttham Abbey&t Retro FC) 
Premier dfaieiore CO*W R ''v v Harwraa 
Tfincham * Sector United senior 
dhtetoi Chtrgfefd v LRyeees Nonfi 
Greeelbrdv Brerl Comfh«Bi Cosuote » 
MuthoBH Alhteric Penh* Standard * 

watehm Senior C 14 K Ftaefe PertiR y 
StiPfirraa/ine Premier dlvinion 
Ufiiondstwry Qreenwm u Bicester 
laflertwao v Fortard Moms Moron; v 
Wwood Urxtad Pegasus Jtntye v 
WW» Bharpneoo v Abngdon Unttad 
name unrad * V'tertnge Ye» v 
ihmgdODTown Ska) Brat dnrieioa: Cup 
- trtah Oanftefd v Dtdcot. 0 : Pressed Steel 
800). FfntdMoto: Ennglon Sports « 
BadmnteB K«*ingtor v &®nesss Otaove 
iflxmg Sports * untxur* ^»ort* 

Second division 

Blackburn v Grimsby — 

Carlisle v Chariton 

C Palace vSheffletd Utd 

Huddersfield v WknbtBdon 

MBIwall w Barnsley 

Norwich v Leeds 

Oldham v Fulham 

Portsmouth v Bradford 

Shrewsbury v Middlesbrough 

Sunderland v Stoke 

Scottish first division 

Airdrie w Hamilton 

AUoav Forfar — 

Falkirk v E Fife 

Kilmarnock w Ayr L 

Montrose v Dumbarton 

Morton vCfyde 

Partick v Brechin 

Colchester United v By City; Gorieeton v 
Chatteris: Havertxi Rowers v Lowestoft; 
Histan v Bure; Sonant Town Ranoam « 

TTptrea Umist Stowmarkatv I 

R; Sudbury w Great Yarmouth; WMbecft * 
Bratmree Bufldog Patrottan. C “ ■' 
final: Fefastowe v March Town 
LEAGUE: Premier DWteora Anasay v 
Long Buckby; Bracktey w hthfinatxxouflh: 
Budcrgham v Boone; Hofeeach » 
Woouon: Newport Pagnefl v Stamford: 
Raunds v Amptmi: St Neots v Nonnamp- 
tan Soencar: Stewarts and Uoyds Corey v 
Pottorr; StohoKJ * BsWoe*. Rr« dMaton: 
Burton PW v KampBKHT: CDMnhoe v 
IrcnesferM: Bnctotone » Baker Pertons. 
Omey v O N Cnenoeto Towcester v Ford 

ndar Dhnmm: Barnstaple » Qendown. 
BnefortJ v Taunton; Ctnppennam v 

DawBsh.Cterodoiiv Bristol tStvStmouth 
v Metesnam. Liskeard Athlertc 1 Frome. 
MengotsfletaUiktsdvTbningtoa Peultan 
Rowers v Plymouth ArayJe, Satoeh Umted 
v Shepron MaBet. WestorMoipar-MBra v 
Bmm Manor Farm Fkst Dhrfitar 
BackwaB tinted v Yeort; Both City v 
WWIn gt M Bmtn » Ponway Bristol. 
Hsaisim tinted V Westbury tinted. 
BlfSCOinbe * Wlntaonw. Larichal AtWetfc « 
Tiverton Odd Down y Devsns. Otary St 
Mary « Bwan&ge Town ana H Wehoo 
Borere v Wammswr Weymouth v 

Third division 

Blackpool v Newport 

Bournemouth v WateaU 

Bristol C v Reading 

Bury v Brentford (3-15) 

Cardiff » Lincoln 

Chesterfield v Bolton 

Darlington w Plymouth 

Derby v Doncaster — 

Gafin gham v Bristol R - 

Notts Co V Rotherham 

Wigan v Wolverhampton 

York v Swansea 

Scottish second division 

Berwick v Arbroath — 

Cowdenbeath v E Stirifhg 

Meadowbank v Stenhsnw 

Raith v Albion : 

Stirling v Dunfermfine 

St Johnstone V Queen of Sth 

Stranraer v Queen's Park 

Burgess HR » UM eh ampton: HaUsham v 
~ PeoEotraven and T v Thre® 

Rlngrar v Shoreham pjm 
y Eastbourne Town (2.00). 

Hagnam; Siomngtan 
Wgngre « Ataton United. 

NORTHaw counties (EAST) LEAGUE: 

Alfraon v Arnold AppBty Frwkngham v 
Betoen Boston FC v Spaumg United: 
Bndkngton Trinity v Denaby Urwod; Emtey 
vGu gatey: Braatan y Armfeome WaHara: 


Premier DMstan: Cmrrfield Ufiltad « 
Selby Lagtyon v Knebworih MHton 
Keynes Borougfi v AShotQR CO-OP 
StMfford v Hodoesdon smangton v New 
BradwaH St Peter Wetwyn Goroea Cmi 
Eaton Bray tinned Winslow tinned v 61 
PC Luton Ffrat division: Buekngham 
Athienc v fckleford MHun Keynes Urnad 
v Welwyn Garden Umed h&rpenoen v 
Ptttoita aid fvtnghoe Tottemhoe v 

SarA Abort 
utyr dMSUO: Ash tinted v rartygh 
Ftovare Cobhem v Bae WeyOndK 
FomhantyFranteyGraen FteavHarray 
Wintney GkxMmra v Mataer Tgwti 
tfisrtey v Chottwm MerBOtem v Cove 
^am VVttar v Wtotftald 
DMaten Ataarngtan Bwitw > Fom4» 
atitaroevisnwood »tenl^Cotwi«oi'y 
-neetwood Cazon Ashton v Leyfand 
Mptora Mam 1 Boaae Netherfitea y 

WSbTShJNTY LEAGtte Rnt dl 

yteto. Arundw v Mdtrarat and e 120 a 

Eastwood Ponte- 
Cate Sutton Tdwnv 

yniomung nun .HERN LEAGUE: 
Fto DMmoa: Tow Law v South Baiw 
Seotmf (Melon: Snlkten v Afewnck 
NortnumherisKL SENIOR CUP: Ftaafc 
Bto Star vWMIey Bey 
v Wnhorn, BnghAngsaa v Brentwood. 
Burnham w Hafeasas; Canvey tsteno v 
Fonj Uratad, Coggashell * E^t Thurrock 
SBwtrtdgeworth * Makton 

Nottushan v Bristol 
Coventry y Otto# 


Bam y Gloucester 

Brtwnheed Pant v BhetWfl 
Durham vQwtoriD 
Liverpool y Preaton Grasshoopers 
towaton v Bndpwater 
Plymoum v F^de 

Fourth division 

Akfershot v Preston 

Cambridge v Torquay 

Exeter v Crewe 

Mansfield v Peterborough 

Orient v Burnley 

P Vale v Northampton 

Scunthorpe v Chester 

Wrexham v Stockport 

Goto League 

Barnet v Bath — — 

Boston v Altrincham 

Enfield v Scarborough — 

FricWsy v Cheltenham 

Maidstone v Dartford 

Northwich u Dagenham 

Telford y Nuneaton 

Weaidstone v Runcorn 

Weymouth v Barrow 

Wycombe v Kettermg 

LORD'S: Middlesex v Surrey 
HOVE: Sussex v Essex. 

SLOUGH: Minor Counties v 

Northamptons h re. 

THE PARKS: Oxford and Cambridge 
Urovmwtoes w Hampshire. 

GLASGOW Scotland v Worcestershire 


BADMfffroN: Nattonal Westminster Bank 
Biter-reponal finals (at Btactfey LC) 

GOLF- Fgrd womens classtc (at Wo&Fifi. 
Lytnam Trophy (at Roy« Lyfiwm and St 

MOTOR RAOWQ: wprid sports car endur 
wjob dwnwonsrtp (at Storsnne) 

3 Si 

teWOKB*: Embassy world professional 
PYrnnoreiM (at SnaHieid) 

REALTSteHS: George Wimpey women s 
DgensmMes [« Hawing bland) 

TENNIS: LTA international sonng tour 
nements (at Sutton and Biest Wypang) 
SPEEDWAY- Hrst Test England v 

Stroud v BnmnghBQ 
itefeoftune y West HartfepOQf 
Watertoo ■ Mortey _ . 

Mtofesex^^wa ta nh a mt 


wjwtoip Ftoi castteiordvHuikR 


Benson and Hedges Cup 

ril 0 K overs) — • — - - 

CHESTERF-EiD . Do ays" e • 

aouce wereftira vsomaraet 
OUjtrafford kancMhTOXT ar>I9 ^ m 

Wue.y ttadiey Hearn Nstenol. League: 
Canterbury v Boston Stone v Glasgow 



GQLA LEAGUE R uncore v Dacantum 
SOUTHERN LEAGUE Prewar dtwatan: 
F3T0ftam v Worcester 
CENTRAL LEAGUE Derby 0 Manchester 
tinned HO 

Other match 

arunoq lavma Ducnewjf 'Wonts 
xi i moans 

’ATHLETICS: Vort. road r aca 
GOLF Lymam T «opry tat Roy» ytfare 

LAWH TENM8 T A mtereationai sarntg 
(ourwnert 1 st Wesi Hens. 

MOTOR RACING World ap-jmcarenOff 
ante cftamoonNw •scveratonei 
POLO Bemififias Combemwe uc 
IW«dsorli3 '&• 

REALTSWfiS GfiOrBa Wrnioey vrooer S 
eoer tysti at HavCng atano . 

snooks* Embassy *otic protes&Brei 
cnanap r ons nc a: Sneffew 



Hampshire lose backbone 


Radio 2 

shire (8pt) drew with Glamor- 
gan (5). • 

Hampshire suffered yester- 
day from ihe trouble which 
prevented them firm winning 
the county championship, 
sponsored by Britannic Assur- 
ance, in 1985. On a pitch 
which bad got slower and 
easier as the match went on, 
they just lacked the bowling to 
drive an advantage home, 
Glamorgan batting through 
the last day and taking what 
amounted to some useful 
practice. . 

Hampshire dropped no 
catches this time, but they lost 
Marshall during the afternoon 
with a slight back strain, and 
with Him went their best 
chance of winning. Even so, it 
was not until after tea that 
Glamorgan were completely 

By John Woodcock, Cricket QunspoBdeat 

f, at Taunton on may well not be beyond him. 

misticaDy, at Taunton on may well not be beyond him. ness of Steele finally dosing 
Wednesday. - By lunch Yonnis was ptay- the door on Hampshire. 

Glamorgan, who began the rag very well, and after he and j mentioned yesterday that 

day 32 runs behind with nine Ontong had held off Quistopber Smith was play- 
wickets left, were too preoccu- Marshall's final fling early in ing his 100th match for 

I mentioned yesterday that 

pied with saving (he game to 
have time to try and win it, 
though the first six of them 
who batted yesterday all did 
their bit. Holmes bad with- 
stood 45 minutes of Marshall 
by the time he was bowled by 
Tremlett, playing no stroke, 
and Morris had been batting 
for three and a half hours, 
Thursday included, when 
Cowley came on and bowled 
him as he matte room to run 
one away on the off side. 

Morris had a useful match. 
Tough enough to have played 
stand-off half and full back for 
Aberavon, he stood four 
square to Marshall and, once 
in, he started to accumulate 

the afternoon Hampshire ne v- Hampshire, but not that of all 
er looked quite like doing iL die Hampshire cricketers to 
What Marshall needs, of jjgve appeared in as many 
course, is a few fester pitches only three have h»H g higher 
here and at Bournemouth; average. Smith’s is 42 and 
Younis revelled in Greenidge’s 43; Phil Mead’s 
yesterday s situation. Except was 43 and Barry Richards's 
when Marshall was after him, just 50. CB. Fry’s was nearer 
be bad things min* his own 60, but he (flayed less often, 
way, there being few better Glamorgan: mt airings an <© c 
players around on slow going. Hchnre 52) 

Three times he went down the *> 

pitch to Mara and drove him h M o^sbC o Mgy » 

straight or over extra cover for 

SIX. _ *R C Ontonac Kara b Tnmlott 52 




in the dear, Jones, one of their effectively, either past square 
opening batsmen, being a leg or down to third man, with 

passenger who would be seen 
only in an emergency. Mar- 
shall hopes to play at Oxford 

the occasional cover drive 
thrown in It is asking a lot of 
him in his first full season to 

There were, in feet, 10 sixes J Jg 

in the match, all but two of j g sr 

them hit at the end away from ft Payiw nM«A_- — a 

the pavilion After losing tr3 -" b1) — 

Younis not long before tea, fall of wickets 1-35, 8«a 3-153.4- 
caugfat at deep mid-off, 2 &t, was, e-aos, 7 - 310 . 

^ bnsy pUying %S$X 

the innings that Glamorgan i9*^:CM^2i-7-68i:CLSmdh5-8 
needed to join in the fun: but ai-4;HAa#MM. 
be will not have mindedtfaat, 

today and Jones, more opti- go in regularly at No 3, but ft his own 52 anrf the stubborn- w Holder md m j Kachan. 

but backs Millar 
as tour favourite 


and Hie Stew 

340-100 A Uttfe Night 

Spectators deprived again 

By Richard Streeton 

OLD TlCAfFORD: Lane a- some ways and one's sympathy. 

7 KArrUtsJJ: LMtica- some ways ana one s sympathy, took alert slip catches. Maynard 
(6 points) drew with as always, was with the paying stayed 28 overs before De 
tersnire (8). spectators. . Freitas ran him out with a direct 

shire (6 points ) drew with as always, was with the paying 
Leicestershire (8). spectator. 

A small group of Lancashire Overcast conditions and a 
members, who, as a body, are cro® wind helped the ball to 

Overcast condit ions Mid a hit from cover. The innings 
oss wind helped the ball to continued to meander tediously, 

seldom backward in making swing and h a tt i n g was seldom as 
known their views, heckled and comfortable as it bad been lancashhe; Ftat hrtnmj an for 9 dec 
slow hand-dapped their own earlier in ihe march . Bowlers p fissiar 72. d w Vm*t7Z C Maynam 
team yesterday as this from the Warwick Road end Sft R Beat 4 hr my 

drifted to the dreariest of draws, also benefited from a lively „ n Second tonugs ^ 

Overnight the prospects of a patch which devetoped just 
competitive finish seemed snort of a lengm. Fairbrother 
bright but they evaporated rap- mingled tong periods of carefiil 
idly when Lancashire lost five defence with occasional flumes 
wickets in the first 90 minutes, of strokes, one such moment 
Fairbrother, with a gritty, bringing him 14 in an over by 
undefeated 64, which stretched Agnew. 
through 62 overs, dropped an- Lancashire, who resumed 87 

Second Innings 

G D Mends b Cart 

*G Fowtar c WMtakar b A&ww 

PJW Aloft c Cobb by A<pww 

D W Varey c Gower b Benjamin — 

N H Faktmhor notout 

S J O'Shaughneasy c Fottsr b Cfft 
J Abrahams c Gower b Da Freitas- 

tCMoynaid run out 
kl wddnson not on 

fVatfctnson not out 

Extras (b2, K>4. w2, nb7) 

through 62 overs, dropped an- Lancashire, who resumed 87 Total (7 wkts doci 2M 

chor and the Lancashire innings ahead with nine wickets stand- fall of mcketoi-to.8ioi.8i 16,4- 
limped along until tea-time. ing. quickly knew they were 1 18,5-135,6-152, 7-226 
Their declaration, which left going to struggle. Allott, the Bpwy^A gww 
Leicestershire to make 283 in a nightwatchman, was caught at »t»- 

minimura of 33 overs, was an mid-wicket but it was the dis- l Sc^o«wiE:Rreiinnfcw»3ratars 
academic gesture. missal of Fowler soon after- decWJ Whitaker UttnotoutD 1 Gower 

This sort of unsatisfactory wards which was probably the TO) 
finish has always been present in turning point. Fowler briefly Agggif TMR— - ,» 

the championship, though some hinted he was in the same h a p^b^bAita tt 
captains find ways of avoiding confident vein he showed on LPettarnotout 17 

finish has always been present in 
the championship, though some 

i, p ° b :v F r l Sr briefly iPBra^o^Sbi 

hinted he was in foe same h a Cobb bw b Afloti 

them more successfully than 
others. Lancashire were not able 
to score more quickly and give 
themselves something to bowl 
ac Leicestershire declined to 
give anything away. Inevitably, 
it was an uneefifying spectacle in 

Roberts is 
scourge of 

By Peter Marson 

Brace Roberts made 124 not 
out, his second bandied and his 

Thursday and then drove too tj Boor not out 

jainst Agnew and gave 
a simple catch. 

Extras (nbq — — — — . 

Total (2 arid*) 

FALL OF WICKETS.- 1-7, 2-19. 

Abrahams all found the ball u-i ; wattdnsoi 7-880; O’Shaughness* 
movement too much for them 4- 8180. 

and Gower twice and Potter Umpires DJGonstant and R a While 

Tavare saves the 
day for Kent 

By Ito Tennant 

CANTERBURY: Kent (3pts) and Cook. He put on a 100 with 
drew with Northamptonshire Cowdrey in 42 overs and 
(6pis). reached his centwy in 205 

Northamptonshire's hopes of minutes, with 10 fours. His 

career best score, and Alan Hill victory, realistic enough before second 50 was considerably 
93 as Derbyshire drove relent- lunch when they had Kent 69 for quicker, 
lessly forward to 438 for five five, were . dispelled in the For the second successive 
against Somerset at Queen's afternoon session through a match, Cowdrey has been re- 

Park, yesterday. Roberts hit faultless- century by Chris 
three sixes and thirteen foors in Tavare and the obdurate de- 
bts century in a stay of 145 fence of Graham Cowdrey. At 

quired to stave ' off defeat At 
Grace Road he did so with a 
half-century. There were signs 
yesterday of maturity at a tender 

Notts just 
hold on 
to draw 

By Alan Gibson 

The Oval: Surrey (6 pts) drew 
with Nottinghamshire (7J. 

Surrey began the day at 56 for 
one in their second innings. 94 
ahead, and we awaited their 
declaration, all excep t Charles, 
who was prowling around the 
Andrew Sandwich room, look- 
ingfor bombs. 

The declaration came at two 
o'clock with the score 272, 
Richards just having reached a 
50. This set Nottinghamshire to 
score 31 1 in 55 overs (actually it 
turned out to be a few more). It 
was a stiff task, and though the 
pitch was probably easier than 
at any time in the match, 
someone would have to play a 
commanding imiiiy But no- 
body quite did. ' 

Robinson was out in the third 
over, caught at the wicket, the 
score 14; Randall was dropped 
at slip almost at once, and never 
settled down; he was second out 
at 27. At 31, Broad was out to a 
tremendous diving catch by 

This was serious for Not- 
tinghamshire. Johnson . and 
Birch had to settle in carefully. 
At tea. no further wickets had 
fallen, but the score was only 83 
after 25 overs. 

After tea, die batsmen 
speeded up, but in the 33rd 
over at 103, Birch was out. 
Hadlee came in, still fanping a 
little from a sore shih. He hadan 
early swish at .Pteod^ 1 which 
nearly got him out, and then 
decided that the best Not- 
tinghamshire could get was a 
draw. At 1 19 he lost Johnson, 
French was caught at dip at 1 29, 
and Hammings was out . at 136, 
with II overs left 

The staunch Hadlee un- 
necessarily edged theball.frtnn 

Palenda, Spain (agencies) — 
Sean Kelly, of Ireland, won (he 
tenth leg of the Tour of Spain 
yesterday, buLScoUanifs Robert 
Millar kept the yellow jersey of 
overall leader of the 21-day, 
2535-mile race,' which' ends m 
JerezdelaFroitteiaon May 13. 

It was Kelly’s first stage 
victory in this year’s VueUa. He 
won in a sprint finish for the leg, 
a 122-mile stretch from' Alto de 
San Isidro, in. a- tune' of 4br 
41 min 26scc, at an average 
speed of 25.7mph. 

The stage was run- over flat 
roads, with no mountain passes 

the h*«r and lam still more than 
three minutes behind in ihe 
overall standings. . 

“That’s a kit of ground, but 
whining stages is my prime 
target and T have not lost 
morale. For me, Millar is the 

Tomorrow’s nth stage is a 
19-mile time trial in Valladolid. 
Kelly is far ahead of the rest of 
the world's professionals in this 
year’s rankings, which are based 
on performances on classic races 
so far. Over the past three 
he has developed into-foe I 
all-rounder in the sport, but his 

minutes. MorriMoo, batted weU tea Kent were 205 ahead but yesterday of maturity at a tender 
to nuke 81 before Ira lost declined to leave their oppo- age— be Is 21 —and indications, 
patience and holed out to Peter neats a run chase. too, of class. A hook off wicket, and so nearly the find 

Roebuck at mid-on, a catch m q doubt Christopher Mallender and then a cover one, but the umpire disagreed 
-which ended a stand of 153 in 57 Cowdrey Kem's captain, was drive in the same over were not a nd. N ott ingh a mshire survived. 
overe ' wary of Lamb after his splendid the shots qfa novice. They have s^E^ in^yBSiorTdmtMA 

In the Parks, Ifidtaft fix* jnning*. There was nothing ~ 

ictorv. bv 177 runs, bad bem in the pitch for the bowlers: it sdKXH days at Wellesley House a R &*hw c French b Pfck ri 

Sjl^ibSSatoS had rolled out andwas playing gg encketer J g 

ast threes, by when Oxford better than on the first two days. hj« mnu> m M A Lynch c Rofcn^bASord — l_27 

bodyquitemd. . BADMINTON 

over, caught at the wicket, the _ . 

score 14; Randall was dumped 1| n d 

at slip almost at mice, and never X’AvJjL 

settled down; he was second out _ 

at 27. At 31, Broad was out to a 4 -a ^liwnnr 

tremendous diving catch by ^III IIW 


This was seriois for Not- 

tinghamshire. Johnson .and 111 lllvVK^I 
Birch had to settle in carefufly. . ” v * 

At tea, no farther wickets had From Richard Eaton 
fallen, but the score was only 83 Jakarta 

after 25 overs. __ _ _ • 

After tea, the batsmen Morten Frost, Ora All En- 
speeded up, but in the 33id Jd» nd chanvinn, had to retire 
over, at 103, Birch was out mweD after only one gsraraof his 
Hadlee came in, stiU Emping a broom medni'enconttr. m a 
little from asore shih. He hadan repeat of bis Wembley final with 
early swish at Pocock, whiefa Mrfayslk’s MWtattSdektn tira 
nearly got him out, and then 'Oramas 
decided that die best Nqt- champkwships here y esterda y, 
tinghamshire could get was a Mafeyrfa ran oat erentoal 
draw. At 119 he lost Johnson, w ™“*r ■ • . . . ^ ^ 

French was caught at sfip at 129, Lomtaa-tased One has 

and Hanmings was out, at 136, already takeu tkree mmUfas to 
with II overs left. nearer from an attack of 

The staunch Hadlee un- inienraosw. -^ha^Mssfea-to^Be- 
necessarfly edged the ball fram bin* whra Ira was'-*tffermg a- 
Butcher at 14STwitb four overs chest infection; - therefore, 
to gaPocock came back for the pr^ an nnwfae deasran. 

idi cations, last over, and took another 
hook off wicket, and so nearly the find 
a cover one, but the umpire disagreed 
r were not and Nottinghamshire survived. 
They have SURREY: Hra*ln*igc 385 for7dae(M A 
his men Mmch 152. T _E m » 

victory, by 177 runs, had bees m ,or we nowiere: ri 

accoraipl^ed shortto after half had rolled out and was playing 
past three, by when Oxford better than on two days. 

University had been rounded np So the match fizzled out into 

A R Butcher e Franca b 

far 119. John Enbmey and 
Simon Hoghes were the sscoess- 
fal bowlers, with Embnrey’s 
three for 12 briugfa ' him seven 

So the match fizzled out into half-century came up in 

some gentle batting practice for 20 9 with three bound- 

ibe younger Cowdrey. 

Northamptonshire bowled 
impressively in the morning. 

maintained excellent control. It nr m< 

for 32 ia tbe match, and Hoghes, Capel soon caught and bowled 
wba took three for 28, six for 46. Benson and, as m lira first 
In the non aa^, Oxford had innings. Harper and Nick Cook 
started oat requMiig 297 runs to maintained excellent control. It 
beat Middlesex. A tall order will be fun to watch them bowl 
indeed, and with Mee fulling to in Tarekm this summer. When 
Cowans and Tooley to WHliaras, Harper, such an excellent aO- 
the University's batsmen were round cricketer, ctan^d ends 
quickly in trouble. be had both Taylor and Chris- 

Hagan's and Thorne's topber Cowdrey caught off bat 
ctremm^ection steered Oxford and pad, at silly point and short 
through to lnm*h l hat when *8 respectively. 

aries and be went on to reach a 
career best 75. By then Baptiste 
was out — it is conceivable he 
will not play any more three-day 
cricket this season now that 
Aklennan has arrived — and the 
joke bowlers were turning their 

Thorne was out to a catch behind 
off Hughes, Oxford's nwringq 
caved in, and seven wickets fell 
for 36 ms in 95 minntes. 

As Cowans, Hashes and 
Embarey worked their way 
through the University’s order, 
Hagan alone held fast and his 
respectable half century seemed 
a proper reward. 

Tbe story was ranch the same 
at Fenners where Warwickshire 
beat Cambridge University by 
nine wickets. Cambridge had 
feejg m foe day 38 runs behind 

ets in hand, but 
Parsons breaking through al- 
most at osaoe, Cambridge's mid- 
dle order collapsed, and five 
wickets fefl for the addition of 44 
rnos before lonch when the score 
was 77 for seven. Parsons' five 
for 24 brought him a handsome 

Kent, with five wickets intact, I » 

were then only 91 runs on. It QRonaynoiaut J i 

was a state of affairs tailor-made Extras ( b i, fc 5, w i, r© 2 ) __a 

for Tavare. Little got past his Tow (8 «*» doc) : — 250 

dead hoi, while at the other end dl underwood <fid not bat 

Graham Cowdrey survived 14 4 " 

«'^ efbrc 1UC ^ SMRraMmMnito 

a single. lftd-45-1: N Cook Harper 

After lunch Tavare S^^atooi im^BngiaM 

mid— wicket was often a trmu^^n Innings 

mid-wicicet was often a treat, as 2503dBe(GOooiti09no»ouLAjL«iB 

KBIT: First lrawws: 272 for 7 dsc (R M 
Bfcon 62 not out) 

Second Innings 

M R Benson c end b Cspm 15 

SG HWa b Msl en der 8 

S A Marsh bw b Grtffltta 1 

0 J TovarO b Cook — 105 

N R Taylor c Lamb b Harper 3 

C S Cowdrey c Stone b tfepsr 10 

GRCtMdraycMdtondsrbBsley — 75 

E A Bspisie b N Cook 2 

R MEteonnotout 22 

QR OOey not out 1 

Extras ( b t. b 5, w 1.1*2) 8 

Total (8 wkts dec) : 250 

0 L Uiderwood (fid ncR bat 
FALL Of WICKETS: 1-18. 2-18. 3-38, 4- 
45. 5-69, 6-178, 7-183. 8-249. 

BOWLING: MaBender 17-538-1: Grtfmw 
18-5-45-1: N Cook 24-8-51-2; Harper 

M A Lynch c Robinson bAflord L_ 27 

TE Jesty towb MemmkJB* 9 

D M Ward at Frandr b Hemnlngs — . 34 

^ J Rlcrnrdsnotout i 50 

AFstthamnotout 0 

Extras (nbl.fc 3} 4 

Total (G wkts dec) ; 272 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-24, £-137. 3-188, 4- 
188, 5-189,6-264. 

BOWLING: Saxafcy 5-1-1 8ft Pick 102- 
45-1; HHimirns 2^7-954; Abad 204^- 
75-1 ; Johnson 2-O-ISft; Rabtaean 2-0-18- 
Ol . . 

NOTTMGHAIUMRE: Hot Innkigs 327 
for 6 dee (R J Hades 105 not out. J 0 
Birch 62} 

Second inrings 

BC Bread cRtcharebCtarfca 8 

RTHorinsor tjwbdartal 4 

□ W Randal c sub b Doughty — 4 

P Johnson b Pocogk 48 

J D Bhch c Lynch b CtolcB 37 

RJHadtaocCUrteb Butcher 8 

BN French cCtarkebPococfc — : — 5 
E E Henmings e Butdber b Rpcock — 6 

R A Pick not out 8 

K Sexriby cDouriSy bPocncfc 5 

Extras (b 8, K> 13) _ — 21 

TotsI(9wfcf) 152 

FALL OF WICKETS: M4. 2-Z7, 3-31. 4- 

103. 5-118. 8-129. 7-135, 8-144, 9-152, 
BOWLING: Clarice 184-38-3: Ooughty 13- 
5-19-1: Pocock 238-45-k FMfnmT 82- 
25-0: Butcher £-1-4-1. 

UnntnwJ H Hamp s H to and A G T 
Wfi BflhflB d . 

The Danish coach Stees 
Sorensen admitted: “He felt 
better so we deckled to give it a 
try, bet maybe we shetod not 
have done so. Of cook be is a 
bit worried that jnemnonia will 

break out agam.^ " * ' 

Print shook hands and con- 
ceded, the match after losing an 
exhausting 45-stroke rally while 
leading 13-12 and then Inning 
dw first ganra three xalHes lafim-- 
Frost admitted tins week tint 
be hasn't felly recovered bite 
powers since - he contracted 


with style 

By * Special Correspoadent 

. Denzil Oxby’s big course for 
the Newark, .and. Notts 
championship, the Notts Area 
International -Trial, produced 
eight finalists at tire Newark and 
Notts show yesterday..* 

Liond Duimtng on W illiam 
Cnrtis set the target with "a dear 
round in 4&41sec;. but David 
Bowen and San Francisco then 
cut thfs .time- to: 4152; foe 
winner, J • however, was 
PenhwOod ^Saddlery’s 
Penuwood Flcetfine, ridden, by 
Geoff GlazzardrtwIio showed 
subeabstyle tor froishm 395. 

Last to go was. Malcolm 
Pyrah, onTowedands Diamond 
Seeker, who took second place 
in 4355. . - ' , ' 

The fight hprse in-hand 
championship was won by Mrs 
Christine Draycott^s yearling 
Elly, Holiyhill Saphroiz, and foe 
champion hunter in-hand was 
Royal Seal, 

and George Rochbara’s 
Carrdva) Music •-• 

1CL55 Saoruel Westey: Lteter 
Orchestra funder 
Wright! with Norman Finlay 
(pr^iv Wesley’s 
^ Symptom irvfl flat, and 
OvsnurafnCtand v 
works by Arne (Symphony 
No 41 and Crotch 

12JKI ^osectown. 
only: OpenUnlverstty. 
n 655am to 655. Raphael's 


The Chmese camp is hoping 
their ymutg star Yas^ Yanghas 

able to play In tomorrow's 
Thomas Cap final. Chinese 
team manger Hn Jbo-Chang 
admitted the player bad. taken 
medication for a stomach upset 
and that tests have been under- 
taken, the resalts of which are 
expected today. What has 
earned, rnmoar -to spread 
rapidly Jrarw, is that no denial of 
YangS fofimg a dm test has 
cone from Arthnr Jones, the 
Engfish tomnanrant refttee 

Mra C Draycotfs Hriyhp Sapfron 
sorvo: Ms H M BraMed. Caiifl 
Nntor Mna± R N BOthwsy and P 
Rackham’s 'Royal Seal ^RasorvK Coian- 
asa of incUapa and Ms S M Running's 
CmiA Cli a iMl o n Aagfo pan-bred 
Arab n-hanck Mr and Mre R A 
MaOonOar's Bus Stream (Raaanre: Mr 
and Mrs A A l^ i Sunray OolflMM. 
Cbampkm Asab Ja-haret Mr and Ms H 
Limey's Orantos. (HeaOraac Ms H J 
HoraInkra — nr| Ttaw’r- hack: P 

Waircap's-tXxxjtea fRasenre: Mrs J E I 


iural of eight for S8m the match. > SBanderwOTcHnOtwBm b Oamsr — 12 

Curren wffl 

were straight sixes off Harper 72) 


Derbys v Som erset 


Derb y shire (Spoons) draw aa» Somerset 
i ri 

ntRBVSMRE: Fkat kmbni (K J Bamatt 
74^ J E Morris 53: 1 V A TOSwrds tas for 

_ Second Inrings 
•KJBamettbFHctiotdsJ! 51 

Juniors competing 
for tbe big time 

By Peter Aykroyd 

The annual -Thames Teto- nasts c 
vision junior gymnast of foe coaches: 

defy injury 

JE Moms c Roebuck b Marks 81 

rxri 1 1 B Roberts not out 134 

rel|| R SnamwcsUib Roebuck 24 

' T AAl PQ Newman not out 25 

Extras (bS. b 14, w 2. nb 6) 28 

llf^¥7 Total (tar 5 wkts dec) 4»i 

LU Jf FALL_ OfWCKETB: 1-41, 2-65, 8228, 4- 

enrren, i_45-ft Davis 288781; Dredge 21-848 
-ycar-otd ft 

Savin ovnw twinam li»- 

KCTID enrren, ws* Davis 288781; Dredge 21-848 

Gloocestershire's 26-year-old ft 
aU-roonder, is deterorined to 

nlnv in the Banco, uri Hnfan. »»■ ^>- 

play to tbe Benson and Hedges 
Cop despite a broken 

shoulder. He has a stress frac- 
ture, which will take three weeks 

29ft Feton 1-0-80. 

Era 73 - 1 

krings; 309 (J J E 
m.81; PG N ew mo n fire 

year competition reaches its 
dimax at Wembley today when 
tbe 16 finalists— eight boysaged 
under 16 and eight girls, under 
13 — compete for a. prize winch 
can set foe winners on the way 
to becoming outstanding 
p er fo rmer s . 

In a new development of. 

nasts under' leading Soviet 
coache&r - 

As weU as reoriviqg oom- 
prehensive and nmivalted gym- 
nastics ihstnrction.' both 
wihners'win be named in ballet 
and — in the case of the girl — 
musical appredatioaof the floor 

For all tbe Wembley finalists, 
success today vxrfoafly means a 
pass into the British national 

sponsorship, foe victorious boy teanL At present, some three- 
and girt wiU each earn a month r quartos of Britain's senior 
training session this summer at inter nationals have -been medal 
foe Soviet natio^ junior joram- ' winners in this contest, which Is 
ing centre at Vladimir. While now in its seventh , year and 
there,, toey wai mm alongside which attracts an entry of 70,000 
promising young Russian gym- youngsters. 

to heaL bat a specialist has told U"plres:HDHWandB JMayer. 

him he can bat bed notbowL 
Curran, born in Zimbabwe, 
plays here on an Irish passport 
to escape the restriction on 

Oxford Uv 

UK ichikuh uu ATTHE PARKS 

ewraras players^ felt the bear Oxford umvantty by 177 ttnpkas: R and D R snophwd. 

shoulder crack when K bowled runs. . 

against Gfaunocgan earlier In the 
week,” he said. “It was 
agony to complete the over but 
the injury could 
have been a lot worse.’' 

M ODI WtoC'F lrat kwfcicp 309 torB daeff* OUtlb U ▼ WflUTWlCkS 
RDownton 12S not out, WN Stock 59} and iTRUKK 

(A A G Mbs Si; J E Emtxmy four Hr 20). SmbSS trewrerenv- ore 

the Yorkshire tcsn 
Benson and Hedg 
against Lancashire 
Trafford after ml 

Sec o nd I n n l fi p a 

»***«> siiwa*as=.", 

e Yorkshne _team Mr the CDMTorimcDoreoon bV¥Btona - 6 

match *D A Thonw c DoMrAon b Hughes __ 21 

Hitting out: Younis on his way to 85 at Southampton 

83.5-108, 8118 7-113. 8114. 8110. 18 BOWLING; SmttK 187-14-1; Pmona 17- 

BOWUHG: Cowan 11-4-17-2; HugNn Munto> S5?Sh2; 7 SnSre 
184-888; Rarer 88180: WWaraiYft- 1-Oftft 

»-1: Embury 145-7-18& GatUog 7-8 FALL OF WICKETS: 1-1. 88, 832.4-46. 
21 5-M. 851. 7-71. 87a 8104/18 
Aififires: R Jufim and D R EtHPfHRL WARWICKSWS: Fkst Mrinoa 291 for 8 

Camb U v Warwicks 

ATFBMNBre r * i - ^?SSJ2? h ■ l, 

Vanridt^kstieWCamtxiaorUnivK^ — t 

WOHDGE UMVERStTY: HrM Q J ^22. ,,0, — - » 

S»lurBdocJCCBBaon51iWOul) — - 1 

SoconQ Innings ri <Q 

4 S AWuvwlta bvr Paaon 5 FALL OF WICKET: 1ft 

cHtxnpagabPareora S Umpires: JObtarahurandH JRtexk*. 

Old TPaWoDownWibHyghre 

.M J Ktourn run out — 

_. tae R S RuSnapr b Cowans 

228 lor B dacfC C B8aon 61 not out) 
Samoa tarings 

M s AWuvwlta Rjvr Pwaan 5 

t m Loro c Humpago b Pareont 0 

D J Fel b Parsons . 28 

P A C Bafl o Huirane b Paraona 4 

■ '? ri G Prfca c Dvar fasmfl 2 

S R Gorman & Fwiaba 9 

— 1 A K ; c Humpago a Muntan 2 

-g A DBreimb Mutton^ 14 

n *mg Soon not out 3 

n JEOwfteoncAiflitebRMaow — 20 
■=_” CGEtoonatam* tort _______ o 

119 Extreme, t> 8.i*S) 15 

ToM ... ■ 104 


BrfomnfcC^Hpiowhto victory t 

at Tamitou with a hack strata. 
David Boirstow. the Yorkshire 
c&ptahL suffered a stight finger 
itfowy this week, M if . expected 

to be fit. 

tp P Taykjrh Embway 0 

T A J Oawion nolnut 5 

M P Lirewiea c Stack b Enttxsvy __ 0 

ExkMfo3.w4.AbQ __9 

- -TOttl — US 

FALL OF MCKETB: 1-15, 834, 873, 4- 

~| Linfield’s date 

— 2 Uufield, the. Irish Football 

— g League champions, wffl. meet 

20 Ffamengo of Brazil at -Windsor 

— -Jj Phric,. Belfast, os August- 19 in 
-~_2 the highlight of their centenary 
- 104 celebrations. * 



Weekend television and radio pjrogrammes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 



8*S6 Good l 

Koys. Weather atl 
new* at 7 JO;, 



J? 31 once - Back 
m the stucflo, the beet in 
popmuaic, cartoons and 

7-30 IXS***" 81 * 1 ** 




8g£*3=^ M# «i 

»viiHiii«ais atm® at 




“SK 1 ^ 

tonal news. 
Show. Thg Ctao Lain®. 

On tne occasion of the 
Genwal Lee's eighth 
b'rtWay the boys 
reminisce about how they 
acquire d the seemingly 
[{’destructible motor 
Every Second Counts. 

Paul Daniels presents 
another round of the 
comedy qufe show. 




^ Sl^HTjefirstcrfa 
pa ries of programme 

SST»M pop 

Interviews. 11.30 

1240 New* wfth Aiastsfr 

I 12 * 05 *«d Groove!* bn 

with the tatest 
fcotbali news on this the 
test Saturday of the Canon 
League B»son. 12J0 

^"S‘^ tetof1vw ^°n°f 

tnei Ktoflrw adventure set 
si mess at the turn of the 
gjjjjy- Dlrectedby John 

345 International Speedway. 

fagrt of five series between 
“fltend and the world 
champions, Denmark. 

<45 Reatita service. 

5.00 News. 

University. Until 

84S ^SdTOcL(r) 3.15 Knock 
Knock. Two stories about 


— ito-twttw n — ■ ■ }&&& 

Ptbudla Scales and Geraldine McEwan bn Mapp and LuckuA « 

senes begins to Ouuind 4^ 94(W 

BBC 2 



This week 
finds the customs officers 


Tgar Show; while at 
WreWng. Annie makes 

- -P' s consignment of 

^ Contest 
1988 from the GrieghaUen. 
Bergen, fntroducedby Ase 

Kleveiand. Maynard 
Williams and res group. 

5- 06 CowiedSofis. Siw Ftobbie 

presents another round erf 
the quiz game for 


Nottingham. Starring 
Jeson Connery, Nfckolaa 

6- 30 ChtfaTs Play. Cheryf Baker 

and Brian Blessed try to 
interpret children's 
descriptions of everyday 

740 Cannon and Bad. Comedy 

Rycter, singing Runner in 
me Night, carry the United 
Kingdom's hopes in this 

year's contest which has 

attracted 20 entries. Terry 
Woga n sets the scene arid 
adds his own comments to 
„„ those of the presenter. 
1045 News and sport With Jan 
.. M Learning. Weather. 

It -00 Match of the Day. Jimmy 
Hill presents highlights 
from matches meeting 
championship and 
relegation issues. Ptus the 
Goal of the Season 


11*50 Fftn: The Moonshine War 
‘ i Patrick 

Cannon and Bobby BaU. 
740 The Price is ffight. Game 


840 Tarby and Friends. Jimmy 
i Jack 

Tarbucfc's guests are « 
Jones, Jimmy Cricket, 
Richard Digence and 

Mcuoontin, rvicnara 

Wfdmark and Aten AUa. 
Comedy thrffler set in the 
United States at the time 
the Prohibition Laws are 
about to be repealed. 
Crooked revenue agent . 
Frank Long sees the 
chance of making a k3flng 
(financially) when he 
discovers the . .. . . 
whereabouts of a store of 
moonshine whisky. 
Directed by Richard 

140 Weather. 

NB: times after the Eurovision 
Song Contest are approximate. 

.9.15 CJLT4.Eyem.The 
investigative team are on 
the tran of a suspected 
terrorist The mystery 
woman leads them on a 
merry dance until the team 
' discover the real purpose 
of her journey. 

10.15 News and sport 
1040 FamiAnEatyftntf 

Ben Qazzara and SyMa 
Sidney. A made-tor- 
teievisJan drama about a 
successful young lawyer 
who contracts Alas. He 
breaks the news to his 
family who are unaware 
that he is a homosexual, 
and his father cuts hbn 
. . dead. Directed by John 
Erman. . 

12.15 LWrihnnheadfines 
foUowed by The Late Give 
James. The guests are 
Tom Stoppard and Diana 

; ®99* . 

140 N10it Thoughts. 

640 Open University. Until 

240 Fftw Wrtneas for the 
Prosecution* (1957) 
starring Charles Laughton, 
Tyrone Power and 
Marlene Dietrich. Leonard 
Vole, accused of the 
murder of a wealthy 
widow, retains the 
irascible Sir Watred 
Roberts as his defence 
counsel. Circumstantial 
evidence against him is 
strong, Ms alibi depemSng 
on his wife. In a complete 
about-turn the wife 
decides to appear for the 
prosecution, not the 
defence. Directed by Billy 

3-50 Laramie. Sfim is escorting 
an accused robber to Ns 
trial when he saves a 
young woman during a 
dust storm. When the 
three of them take shelter 
the woman sfips the 
prisoner a gun... (ri 
440 The Sky artOghL Patrick 
Moore re-examines the 
old Ideas connected with 
_ the planet Satum^r) 

540 Woifd Snooker. Semifinal 
action in the Embassy 
World Professional 

640 Horizon: Twice Five Pius 
the Wings of a Bird. A 
documentary about a new 
method of teaching young 
_ children mathemaScs. (ri 
740 News View. Jan Learning 
with today's news and 
sport Moira Stuart reviews 
the week's news in 
pictures. Weather. 

840 Around wHfiAfisa. Peter 
Aliiss plays selected holes 
of Huntercombe Golf Chto 
with the Speaker of the 
House of Commons. 

Bernard WeatheriH. MP for 
Croydon North East 
840 WOrid Smokier. The 

140 Channel Four Radm 
Newmarket The PhL 
Comes Nickel Alloys 
Stakes (145); the 

(2.15); and the General 
Accident 2000 Gutoene 
Stakes (3.00). 

345 FBre The Macomber 
Affair* ft 947) starring 
Gregory Peck, Joan 
Bennett and Robert 
Preston. Peck plays the 
roleof guide to the 
wealthy Mr and Mrs 
Macomber on a Non 
hunting expeefition. White 

i the Day. A sffnc 
religious service from 
• _ Plym Stock, 

1040 Aslan Magazine. With a 
huge increase in drug 
abuse among young 
people. AzmatSajwa 
explains the telMale signs 
that parents should look 
out for. 1040 Switch On 
to English. Family quiz 
show to help those whose 
second language Is 
English 10.55 France 
acteelle. The first of five 
films about modern 
France, (ri 

1140 ideas Unlimited. A 
programme launching a 
national competition to 
find the Best Company 
Suggestion and the Best 
Suggestion of the Year 
11.45 With a Little Help 
from the Chip. How the 
microchip can hslp the 
disabled. (Cesfax) 
y, Mats, II 


645 Good! 

unday; 7.00 Are 
Awake Yet? at 740; 

cartoon at 745; the What's 
News quiz at 740; Jenl 
Barnett's Pick of the Weak 
at 8.10; news headlines at 

840 Jonathan Dfmbleby on 


945 Wake Up London. 9.35 
Woody and Friends. 
Cartoons 9.45 Roger 

1040 Morning Worship from St 

Matthews Church, 
Newbottte. Houghton-ta- 
Tyne and Wear. 

I On. A group 


visit the Continent to see 
how their European 
counterparts live. 

|1140 Once a TNet.? presented 





• a 

Claire Bloom and Joss AckJand in William Nicholson's award- 
waalng Everyman film Shadowfacds (BBC 2, 840pm) 

BBC 2 


» a 


i University. Until 

by Marcel Berlins. Why is 
1 " » shock' 

Youf Safety first fajr^oung 

begins an affair 
Based on 

with the 
an Erne 

story and 

Zottan Korda. 

545 Brookstde. (r) (Oracle) 

640 Right to Reply. Woodrow 
Wyatt says mat Sharon 
Sopheris film. Witness to 
Apartheid, was typical of 
the based and slovenly 

reporting on South Africa 

840 News summary and 
weather followed by 
Credo, presented by John 
Stapleton. After Band Aid 
is there realty e new ■ 
determination in Britain 
that we should solve the 

motorcyclists, (r) 1 

Farming. John Gummer 
and Nicholas Thatcher 
comment on the future of 
Food From Britain 
following Thursday's 
crucial council meeting. 
Pius, a film report on the 
affects of the late spring 
on the major arable crops. 
1248 Weather 
140 This Week Next Week. 
Selling the Parties, with 
Jeffrey Archer, John 
Cunningham and Bill 
Rodgers. 240 

the 'short sharp 
treatment ineffective? Are 
community schemes like 
London’s Junction 
Project' a better bet for 

145 Sunday Grandstand 
introduced by Desmond 
Lynam. Snooker: the 
opening frames of the final 
of the Embassy World 
Championship; at 

the young offender? 

World. After the 

Chernobyl disaster, 
should Britain push ahead 

with nuclear power?1 .00 
Police Five. 1.15 The 

3.00 Bonanza. 

cost of eradicating 

I semifinal. 

9.10 Saint Genet A repeat of 
the Arena interview with 
the iate French writer Jean 
Genet first shown fri 
November, six months 
before his death last 

Sf^of^romidsStS 18 

Middlesex Sevens. 

1140 The Mel Tonne 

Thesuper-smocttn singer 
in concert with guests 
George Shearirw, Jdn 
Hendricks, Mel Lewis and 
the Jazz Orc h e s t r a, (i) 

[ 1240 Wbrid Snooker. Highlights 
of the concluding frames 
of the second semifinal 
and interviews with the 
two finalists. Ends at 145. 

740 Africa, in part two of his 
series on the history of the 

Dark Continent Basil 
Davidson examines the 
transition from hunting 
and gathering to the 
©stabfisfimem of settled 
terming vfflages. (r) 

840 Held in Trust Diana Rim, 
continuing her tour of 
properties run by the 
National Trust for 
Scotland, is h the 
Aberdeen area where she 

visits, among others, the 
Castfes of Mar. (Oracle) 

940 Mapp and Lueta. Episode 
one of a new series based 
on the stories by 
EJF^enson about the 
social lionesses of a south 
coastal village. 

1040 HM Street Biuss. Captain 
- FuriBo finds himself 
caughtinthemiddieofa . 
political battle toe the post 
of Mayor. (Oracle) 

[l0-55 Ffeic The Jolson Story 

i Prison Inmates and 
; him to the 

i to start a new 


3.45 Film: The Year 

Jane Wyman and, in an 
performance, Claude 
Jarman Jr. A sentimental 
tale about the young son 
of a Florida backwoods 
family and his friendship 
with a pet fawn. Directed 
by Clarence Brown. 

640 News with Jan Leeming. 

6-40 Praise Bel ThoraHird with 
another selection of 


Austerity reigns at Railway 
**Has when Sid's 
fulness leads to a 
t of self-sacrifice, (r) 

745 WssMa 
of Rye. 

k A Pocketful 
second and 

Smurfs. Cartoon, (r) 140 
Small Wonder. Comedy 
series about a household 
that boasts a robot 
2.00 Platform. With Paul 
Johnson and Janet 
Raddiffe Richards is 
Nicole Fischer, Secretary 
tor Relationships in 
Mission, at the World 
Council of Churches, 
Geneva. They examine 
how life ts portrayal by 
the media. 

240 LWT News headlines 
followed by Film: High 
Society (1 956) starring 
Bing Crosby, Grace Kelly 
anaFrank Sinatra. 
Celebrated musical about 
- the wealthy burghers of 
Newport, Rhode Island, in 
particular Tracy Lord, who 
is about to many a 
wealthy but boring beau 
when her first husband 
arrives on the scene to 
spoil the social event of 
the season. Directed by 
Charles Watters. 

440 The Campbells. Drama 

serial about a doctor and 

his famtfy in 19th century 

540 ARrion Market Jaz's 
return sets the market a- 


540 Now You See It General 
knowledge game. 

640 News. 

6.40 Highway. Sir Harry 

Secombe with his second 

Jhlights of 
. — y'S Challenge 

Cup Final between 
Castiefoid and Hull 
Kingston Rovers at 
Wembley: and after the 
snooker has finished for 
the afternoon Ice Hockey: 
the world championships 
from Moscow. 

6.40 The Money Programme 
with Brian Widlake and 

Valerie Singleton. This 
week's edition includes an 

(1946) starring Larry 

Parkes as At Joison to this 

fictionalised l , 

the entertainer. r 
by Alfred E Green. Ends at 

t - — - - m - - - — ■"—"Win#- OL 

> 1' ( Radio 4 ) 

■On long wa 
of Radio 4. 

wave. VHF variations stand 

545 Shipping 640 News 6.10 
Prelude. Music selected 


1140 Bodgers. Banks And 
Srai <s. Comedy series 

1240 News; Weather 1243 

by Michael Fdrd (s) 640 
News; Farming Tod 


Farming Today 

640 Prayer for the Day (s) 
645 Weather; Travel 
740 News 7.10 Today s 

7.15 On Your Farm 

7.45 In Perspective. With The 

: -.-f 

Rev Rcy Jenkins. 
740 Down To Earth. 

Weekend <jpKfening 745 

Weather; ' — _ 

.* 840 News 8.10 Today’s 
. Papers 

8.15 Sport on4 

- 848 Yesterday to Partament 
847 Weather Travel 
940 News 

946 BreaJctnNay. Ho6day 
r . guide, mm Bernard FaOc 
and the regular team. 

940 News Stand. Alan 
Rusbridger reviews the 
weekly magazines. 

1045 This Week in 

Westminster wfth James 
■» Naughtia of The Guardian. 

,1040 Loose Ends with Ned 
s ‘ Shamn and ins team. 

. J140 From Our Own 
1 Correspondent. Lite and 

politics abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 

1 2.00 News: Money Box. 

Experts answer 
listeners' questions. 

. 2.27 Questions Of Tasta 
Panel game about food 
end drink, (a) 1245 Weather 

-140 News 

1.10 Any Questions? with 
Kenneth Clarice, MP. 

Join Mortimer. Sir Anthony 

In England and 

o Wales orriy) 88 above 
except i5WL00am Weather 
Travel 145-240pra 

Programme News 440440 
Options: 440 The Music 
Makers. Edward Sekareon 
meets composer Simon 
Rattle (s) 440 Spain — ' Ten 
Years On (Part 5) 540 So 
You Want To Be A Writer 540 
Groundswel. Hugh Sykes 

examines motorways and 
sir environmental 

their i 

( Radio 3 ) 

645 Weather. 740 News 
745 Au bade; Wagner (The 
Masterslngers overture), 
Mahler (Das Infische Lebem 
Variofne Muh.from Des 
Knaben Wunderhom; 
Minton soprano and 


fandango de'camSfc Los 
majos enamoradoe, AJida de 

Farrar-HocJdey and Dick 
me 145 Supping 



Taveme — B 

• 240 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Golden Girts, by 
Louise Page. Part one of a 
two-oart adaptation of 
the stage play. 

340 News; Travel; 

' International 

Assignment. BBC 
correspondents report 
. ‘ from around the world. 

- LOO The Saturday Feature: 

? Bebe And Ben. Hubert 

' Graggtraces the fives of 
^ Sebe Damete and Ben 

' ^45 TlwRwdyka Sa 
based on Tu 
cartoon strip. 
v00 The Livmg World with 

Derek Jones. 

' 45 Week Endtog. Satirical 
review of the week s 
news 540 Sfuppmg 545 
Weather. Travel 

V .00 News: Sports round-up. 

' 'J 4S Stop The Week Wth 

Robert Robinson. DiKe 
Keane provides toe musical 

;.00 ^terday Night Theatre. 

Dear Octopus, by Dodte 
Smith. With Gwen Frangcon- 
Daves and Robert Haros 

rr) /si 

*_ 40 Baker sDazw.fteaard 
Baker with records. 

^ v'30 ThnflertPtel 5 of Ruth 
v ■ Rendeii's A Judgement m 
. . Stone, read by l»uf 
-- , Daneman (m s« parts) 

»•; 948weamar 

'■00 News ^ - 

" 15 Evenmg Servxy (s) 

.-30 The Mischief Makers M- 
r Hereto Bottortey . 

’. 00 SdanceNow.Gaofgtoa 

v-. Berryreviews 

(Symphony No 101). . „ 

(Le rappel des oiseaux. 
atajjlayed by Ptonodc. 
harpsichord). Respighi 
i Birds), Cantoioube (two 
; of the Auvergne, 


Kanawa), Ravel 
(Introduction and Allegro), 
Mozart (the motet 
Exsuttate Jubkate. K 
765, with Janet Baker). 

940 News 

945 Record Review: Includes 
Stephen D odgson 

626, and Christopher 

Heatfngton on new 


Schubert (Sonata m C, D 
840: Richter, piano), and 
Bach's Three-part 
Inventions. BWV 787-801: 
Tatiana' Ntkdaeva. piano. 

1140 Houston SO (under Uri 
i Menahem 

Segal). With i 

Prissier (pianoLPart one. 
[Don Giovanni 

Mozart (I 

overture), Mozart (Piano 
Concerto No 27). 

1240 This Sporting Lite: wtth 
Bfct and former 

novelist and’. 

Olympics coach Toro McNab 

1245 Concert part twa 

Comisslona 140 News 
145 Dupans Ruud van der 



voyage, and La via 
. antarteure 
240 Vaughan Wffiams In hta 
Time: Mozart (La 
Ctemanoa d Tito overture), 
Mozart P' - 

__ Alexander Nevsky. Paris 
1240 News, doeadown at 

VHF only: Open 
University. From 645am to 
645. VBage schools. 

of an Agatha Cl 
murder mystery, starring 
Joan Hteksonjr) (Ceetex) 
8.40 Mastermtod. The 

specialist subjects are: the 
history of Albania from 
1 945; the history of the 
RAF 1939 -1945;.thefife 
_ and works of Monteverdi; 
- arid the life and works of 
Dante Alighieri 
9.10 News wim Jan Leeming. 

945 ThaTa Life. Consumer 

10.10 The Rock Gospel Show. 
The last of the current 

10L45 Geoffrey Smith's World of 
Flowers. Delphiniums, (r) 

11.10 Rhode. American 
domestic comedy series. 


1145 Weather. 

programme from the 

FaUdand Isia 

I islands. 

7.15 Catchphraae. Game show 
presented by Roy Waiker. 

745 Ftftn: Diamonds Are 
Forever (1971) starring 
Sean Connery as James 
Bond on the trail of a 
racketeer who is 
stockpiling the world's 

. . diamonds. Directed by 
• Guy Hantiltori. (Oracle) ' 

Q AK IlMm ' 

1040 Spitting Image. More 
topical satire from the 
cruel puppets. 

1 1040 The South Bank Show. 
Melvyn Bragg introduces 
a profile of me entertainer 

1 11.40 LWT News headlines 

followed by Trapper John. 
Medical comedy drama 

investigation into 
counterfeiting which is, it 
is now estimated, a 60 
billion dollar business. 
What makes it difficult tor 
the authorities to catch the 
culprits is the reluctance 
on the part of companies 
to prosecute because they 
fear bad publicity. 

7.15 Nature, introduced by 
Tony Soper with lain 
Guest Reports on the 
plight of Australia's Great 
Barrier Reef, under attack 
from the predatory 
starfish; and on how 
animals stay alert when 

745 World Snooker. Frames 
eight to 16 of the first to 1 6 
frame final of the Embassy 
World Professional 
Championship, introduced 
by David Vine from the 
Crucible Theatre. 

Sheffield. The 
commentators are Ted 
Lowe. Jack Kamehm and 
Clive Everton. 

8.40 Shadowiands, by William 
Nicholson. Joss Ackland 
and Claire Bloom star in 
this award-winning play 
about the romance 
between 52-year old 
confirmed bachelor, writer 
C.S.Lewis, and Joy 
Gresham, an American 
Jewish divorcee, whom he 
came Into contact after 
she had written him a fan 
letter. Lewis was living the 
sheltered fife of an Oxford 

1.10 Irish Angie - Patterns. 
Cbeesemakers of Bears in 
West Cork. 

140 The Making of Britain. 
Historian Dr Ronald 
Hutton examines how the 
Civil Wars of the 1 640s 
and 1650s affected Britain. 
240 The Pocket Money 
Programme. Financial 
advice for children, from 

240 Rim: Valley of Decision* 
(1945) starring Greer 
Carson and Gregory Peck. 
A romantic drama, set in 
1870s Pittsburgh, about 
the eldest son of a wealthy 
steel-own ling family who 
falls in love with one of his 
parents' domestic 
servants. Directed by Tay 
4.45 DurreU in Russia. In the 
fourth programme of their 
13-part natural history 
series, Gerald and Lee 
Durreil are by Lake BaikaL 

News summary and 
weather followed by The 





•! e ' 

-ic .• 


• o 




Business Programme. A 
port from lain 

University don when, in 
arv IS 

1240 Night Thoughts. 

"January 1980, he. received 
Joy's letter, thus 
beginning a 

correspondence that grew 
in passion, eventually 
ending in a marriage that 
was tragicafly short 
Directed by Norman 
Stone, (r) 

10.10 World Snooker. David 
Vine introduces the final 
frames of the second 
session of the Embassy 
World Professional 
Championship. Ends at 

_;iaJ report l 

jrson in Japan on how 
the 50 percent rise in the 
value of the Yen has 
affected trade. 

640 Second Glance: 

Thistledown. A short film 
following the progress of 
thistledown as it is blown 
from the countryside to 
the city. 

6.15 Athletics. International 
Road Racing from York. 
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Glory game’s 
crowning hour 

To save the committed of 
Liverpool West Ham United 
and Everton agonizing still 
further over the wait for the 
result of today's (or Monday's) 
photo-finish to the great cham- 
pionship race, I can reveal that 
the winner has already declared 
itself - football. Anyone who 
had the privilege to be at the 
Manor Ground. Upton Park or 
Filbert Street on Wednesday 
evening will agree with me, I 
am sure, that for all die 
distraught feces worn by 
Everton, Ipswich and Leicester, 
the game at large finished up a 

After the horrific culmina- 
tion to last season ami all its sad 
and costly consequences it was 
vitally important that this one 
shoufo be seen to be finishing 
on a note that spread optimism 
rather than gloom. It could not 
be more exciting if it were stage- 
manage three teams with a 
chance of winning the first 
division on the final Saturday 
of the season and four teams 
vying for three escape routes. 

It was fiuther encouraging to 
hear a player who was struck 
down by the less fortunate 
aspects of fierce competition 
exdtedlv expounding upon the 
merits of those midweek 
games. In a week when Martin 
O'NefiL the former captain of 
Northern Ireland, could not 
have been more depressed at 
his inability to recover from 
crucial knee ligament damage 
in time to be included in the 
Irish World Cup squad, he 
found solace in the perfor- 
mances of the more fortunate. 

O'Neill who was present at 
Leicester and watched the other 
games on television, said: “It's 
really restored my faith in the 
game again watching those 
boys throw their lot in. When 
it's played with that pace and 
skill there’s no football more 
worth watching in the world. 
Remember, they were under 
ferocious pressure. 

“And in the midst of it at 
Leicester you had someone like 
Molby playing at a stnoQ as 
though victory meant they 
might move from eighth to 
seventh instead of towards the 
championship. He was out of 
this world. And at West Ham 

By Owe White 

we had Ward going past de- 
fenders as though they were 
non-existent and they say that 
dribbling is a dying form. 
Watching them made me real- 
ize that possibly I couldn't 
compete in that standard of 
football again." 

Few have led the winners of 
this world to more outrageous 
triumphs than O'Neill _ as 
Northern Ireland’s inspiration- 
al ra ptnin and the part that the 
underdogs played in midweek 
should not be overlooked by 
the elitists. Whatever the super 
powers decree happens to the 
workings of the Le ague after 
1988 it is of paramount impor- 
tance to tbeir own future as well 
as the game's that a link 
between the stream and the 
ocean is maintained. 

Liverpool again 
team winners 

If the game is this season's 
overall winner there has to be a 
team one, too. and it looks like 
being Liverpool for the eighth 
lime in the last D years. After 
the fragmented efforts of last 
season and its shattering con- 
clusion Liverpool have dis- 
played an admirable unity once 

Should they carry off the 
League and FA Cup double 
(perish the thought. I hear the 
Evertonians say), it would be 
the most remarkable start to a 
managerial career for Kenny 
Dalglish, and under the handi- 
cap of playing an instrumental 
part as well No less capable an 
individual as Jim Smith, the 
Queen's Park Rangers manag- 

er, spoke recently of the unbear- 
able burden of playing and 
managing in non-League 

One half of that most elusive 
of doubles will almost certainly 
depend upon victory today at 
Stamford Bridge. A draw would 
give West Ham the chance of 
their first championship, a 
defeat would give Everton the 
chance of retaining their 

Neither West Ham nor 
Everton could wish for a more 

awkward obstacle to be set 
before Liverpool than Chelsea 
on the notorious Bridge surface. 
They were unfortunate losers to 
the Merseyside dub in the FA 
Cup and held Liverpool to a 
draw at Anfidd earlier in the 
season. John Hollins, the Chel- 
sea manager, has promised 
their fellow Londoners that 
they will do tbeir utmost to help 
bring the title to the capital and 
a full bouse of 45,000 should 
provide Chelsea with all the 
motivation they require. 

Of course, if Chelsea do take 
maximum revenge for their cup 
defeat it could put the ball back 
into Everton's court more than 
West Ham’s al Goodison Park 
on Monday, when the trials and 
tribulations of a typically de- 
manding English season could 
be determined in a 90-minute 

All this, of course, assumes 
that West Bromwich Albion, 
who receive West Ham, and 
Southampton, who visit 
Everton, dutifully play their 
submissive roles in the scenar- 
io. It could be that West Ham, 
who have ridden their hick to 
two victories this week by way 
of dubious penalty decisions, 
will be tripped up themselves at 
the Hawthorns. 

Everton, who are hoping that 
Reid is fit face a side without 
five first-choice defenders, in- 
cluding Shilton, who has a 
slight hamstring strain. His 
place will be taken by Granger, 
aged 17. 

At least we should have a 
solution todayto the negative 
puzzle at the bottom of the 
table. Coventry look poised to 
make another miraculous es- 
cape al home to Queen's Park 
Rangers. Ipswich are one step 
away from relegation five years 
after conquering Europe. They 
probably need at least a draw at 
Hillsborough - no mean task - 
to stay up and that is assuming 
that Coventry do no better than 
draw or Leicester do no better 
than win by a goal at home to 

Oxford, who receive Notting- 
ham Forest, will know exactly 
what, if anything, is required of 
them after today in their last 
match at home to ArsenaL 
What a finish! 



Morris dancing: Robin 
Smith, of Hampshire, 
twists as the left-ha n ded 
Hugh Morris square cots 
for four at Southampton 
yesterday. The young 

Glamorgan opening bats-, 
man, hampered by a 
strained hamstring, 
scored 58 as las team 
fooght a rearguard action 
to save the match after 


Twickenham set | Reeves fails to 
for grand finale 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

By Rex Bellamy, Tenuis Correspondent 

Day of reckoning for Hearts 

Heart of Midlothian, die 
Scottish League's premier divi- 
sion leaders, this afternoon 
face the crucial test of their 
astonishing season. It will 
according to their manager 
Alex McDonald, be as much a 
trial of character as of ability. 
The players are now under 
severe pressure after a run of 
3 1 games without defeat. 

Hearts require a point from, 
their match with Dundee at 
Dens Park to take the title for 
the first time in 26 years. But 

By Hugh Tavlor 

grip But such is the fighting 
tradition of the Glasgow dub. 
winners of their last seven 
games, that it is not beyond 
their shooting power to score 
the three goals essential to their 
hopes against St Mirren at 
Paisley, if that happens and 
Hearts lose to Dundee by 1-0, 
the league flag will be bound 
for Parkhead, not Tynecasile. 

Hearts will also find their 
opponents in determined 
mood. Dundee must win to 
have any chance of taking part 

there has been a tinge of in next season's UEFA Cup. 
anxiety in their recent play and However, such is the team 

Celtic are hot on their heels. 

David Hay, the Celtic man- 
ager, admits his side needs “a 
small miracle" to snatch the 
championship from Hearts' 

spirit and individual ability of 
key players in the Hearts side, 
who have their captain, Kidd, 
back after suspension, that 
they should earn at least the 

point that is vital. Anyhow, 
Dundee are not well placed, 
with several regulars out 
through injury. 

At Paisley. Celtic meet a St 
Mirren side also hit by injury 
and they are hoping that 
McClair, their forward who 
has scored four goals in his last 
three matches, will again be on 

There will also be anticipa- 
tion at Ibrox. A big crowd will 
be present to see how Rangers, 
also hoping for a place in 
Europe next season, flue under 
the directions of Graeme 
Souness — who is in charge of 
the team for the first time — 
against Motherwell Souness 
has announced he is about to 
go into the transfer market 

The traditional end of the 
English season (although a 
special extension means it still 
has some days left to run) 
comes at Twickenham today 
with the finals of the Middle- 
sex Sevens tournament Some 
traditional names are missing; 
London Scottish and London 
Irish for instance, while none 
of London's old boys' dubs 
have made it to headquarters. 

In their stead come Wor- 
thing and Hendon, who have 
the distinction of starting and 
finishing the first of this 
afternoon's rounds. Worthing, 
the first Sussex dub to reach 
finals day, play Nottin gham , 
last year's runners-up, while 
Hendon play Wasps —current 
holders of the Russell Cargill 

Worthing should not be 
taken lightly. They won the 
Sussex Sevens last weekend, 
beating London Scottish in 
the final and Richmond in the 
semi-final By coincidence 
they also offer seven players to 
the Sussex county squad 
which leaves tomorrow for a 
five-match tour of Canada. 

The guest sides come from 
Sale — who won the tourna- 
ment 50 years ago with a team 
including Wilfred WooDer, 
Ken Fyfe and Gaud Davey - 
and Kelso, whose reputation 
among Border dubs has 
grown over the last few years 
in both versions of the game. 

Kelso, the winners of the 
Jed-Forest and the Melrose- 

tournaments, hope that Baird, 
the Scotland wing, will have 
recovered from a leg injury. 
They open against Richmond 
Seconds, while Nottingham 
take on Worthing with a team 
including Moore who, like 
Simpson, the Sale hooker, will 
join England's B squad this 
evening before they leave for 
Italy on Monday for a two- 
match tour. 

All members of that squad 
face a rigorous medical check 
before training tomorrow and 
leaving for Italy on Monday. 
The most serious doubts con- 
cern Barnes, the Bath stand- 
off halfi who has been 
recovering from. a broken toe. 
Heis expected, however, to be 
fit . 

There has been concern in 
recent years about declining 
standards of behaviour at 
Twickenham on finals day; 
indeed one dub has been 
banned from entry this sea- 
son, because of the rowdiness 
of their supporters last year. 

Since rugby prides itself ou 
good crowd behaviour it is to 
be hoped that neither human 
nor meteorological dements 
spoO today's enjoyment ‘ 

Worthing v Nottingham; 1230, 
Blackheatb v Rossfyn Park Sec- 
onds; 1.10, Richmond v 
Rosslyn Park; 1.30. Richmond 
Seconds v Kelso; 130, Lough- 
borough Students v Sale; 210, 
London Welsh v Saracens; 230. 
Wasps Seconds v Harlequins; 
230, Hendon v Wasps. 

- Sally Reeves, of West 
Wickham, the top seed, was 
beaten 6-1, 6-3 by Natalie 
Zvereva, of Minsk, aged 15, in 
the Lawn Tennis Association 
tournament at Sutton. Miss 
Reeves, at 21, “the old lady” 
of the semi-finals, ranks sev- 
enth in Britain. She won lire 
longest game but the six other 
deuce game all went to Miss 

Miss Reeves does not serve 
well Nor does she show much 
initiative in devising other 
means of creating openings. 
Her base line game depends 
on -rhythm and riming and 
both were disrupted by a 
tenacious opponent who gave 
her little pace to feed on. Miss 
Zvereva, who looks much as 
Steffi Graf did at the same age 
but does not play as weft, had a 
run of eight consecutive 

“Sally is quite short”, ex- 
plained a former Wigbtman 
Cup player, Lesley Charles, 
who works with Britain's in- 
ternational squad, “And tire 
Russian gave her a lot of high, 
looped balls. Sally’s rhythm 
was broken by variations of 
pace and she was forced to 
over-hit. . 

boring flirtation with tire laws 
of ballistics, Contained ‘ 22 
points. The match occupied 
two hours and 51 minutes of a 
hot afternoon and ended with 
the pretty, bin daddy gloomy. 
Miss Meski looking a fit 
subject for Tolstoy arid the 
umpire wondering what rime 
the bar dosed. . 

Mm Dafalman, in reaching 
tire final has maintained a 
Swedish sequence; Catrin 
Jxell won tire first tournament 
of this fiveweek cicuit mid 
Helena Olsson was nmnerap 
in the second, last week. 

In the men's semi-finals 
Thierry Pham, a Frenchman 
with a Vietnamese fetfeer, beat 
Danilo Marcetmo, ofBrazfl, 6- 
2,7-6 and Gilad Bloom, of 
Israel aged 19, beat Denys 
Maasdorp. of Port Elizabeth, 
6-1, 6-3. Pham, aged 24* wffl be 
the orily singes finalist who 
has had mote than 19 
birthdays. . 

Pham (Fra) btS BotfieM+ti, 64. $- 
1; D MaroeGno (Bra) bt A Castle M. 
6-3; G Bloom (ferael) bf J Smith 6-4. 
Wk D Maasdorp (SA) bt J 
Southcombo 64, 6-3. Senf-finaiK 
2. 7-6; G Hoorn (Israel) bt D 
Maasdorp (SA) 6-1. 6-3. 

Mrs Zvereva's compatriot yowg fS S1H GLE& jjgartar- 
Leila Meski aged 18, recov- sTU 

ered from 2-5 down in the zvenwa (USSfiffatc? Motes fRonfl 





points before Cecilia 

Dahlman, of Sweden, aged 17, _ 

beat her 7-5,1 -6,7-6. The tie- Reeves S-C&STc 
break, a tense, careful gently btL Meski (USSR) 7-6, 1-6, 7 


Rose poses biggest 
threat to Clarke 

By Pat Butcher, Athletics Corresp o ndent 

Safety fears over Peace Race 


It’s astonishing, 
how quite a simple 
aid can often free 
a disabled person from dependence on others and 
allow them to lead an active, independent, fuller life. 

Dressing with one hand (even tying a shoelace) can 
be made quite easy. People with impaired speech 
and movement can communicate readily, or 
summon help, without making a sound. Countless 
aids, some simple, some hi-tech, are helping 
disabled people to move, hear, see, cook, work and 
play — living a normal life — in way's they had never 
dreamed possible. And all because the Disabled 
Living Foundation is seeking out ways to help them 
and is passing this information on. 

Help us keep this vital service going. Your 
donation or your legacy will mean a fuller life 
for so many people. We depend on you! Please 
support us - today. 

And if you are disabled, or know someone else who 
is, it could be worth getting in touch with the 
Foundation to see what aids may be available. It 
could be a new beginning! 

Disabled 1 pawg I 
Living? Foundation 

Practical help in daily living for all disabled people 

Room 150, 38Q/384 Harrow Road, London \V9 2HU. 
TeL 01-289 6111. 

Some of the best road- 
runners from three continents 
collide in the IAC 8km race, 
sponsored by Gaymer’s Cy- 
der. through the streets of 
York tomorrow . Simeon 
Kigen, of Kenya, who was the 
leading road-runner in the 
United States last year, meets 
Fernando Mamede, of Portn- . 
gal the world record bolder at 
10,000m . Gary Henry, of 
Australia, and a strong British 
representation, headed by 
Dave Lewis, Dave Clarke and 
Nick Rose. 

Kigen won his top Ameri- 
can ranking with victories at 
distances rather more than 
8km. so today's race, and 
indeed the Grand Prix series 
of three Gaymet’s races over 
the next month, will find him 
hard pressed for an individual 

Mamede, who won die final 
race of last year's series, when 
it was run over 1 0km, looks a 
more likely winner, although 
it is a shame that Steve Harris 
and Jon Solly, who soundly 
beat him in an Italian road 
race last month, are not 
available tomorrow. Their de- 
cision. not to be diverted from 
their track aspirations this 
summer, is however a wise 

Lewis was second to 
Mamede hi last year's final 
race, and should be closer over 
the shorter distance, but 34- 
year-old Nick Rose should 
provoke much of the domestic 
.interest, and will be the biggest 
threat lo Clarke, last year’s 
overall Grand Prix winner, 
and to Kigen. 

Rose has been one of 
Britain's leading distance run- 
ners for a decade, although 

spending much of his time in 
the United States. His Europe- 

an Cup victory in 1977, his 
second place in the world 
cross country in 1980 and his 
Commonwealth 5,000m silver 
medal in 1982 tend to look 
thin testimony to his talents. 
He has been injured much of 
the two years, since his return 
to live permanently in his 
home town of Bristol but he 
sees the three Gaymer's races 
as a good build up to the AAA 
10.000m ou June 20, where he 
hopes to secure a place in the 
Commonwealth Games team. 

That would be a step to- 
wards a relatively late intro- 
duction to the marathon, an 
event where Rose could make 
as much impact as his former 
dub colleague, Steve Jones. 

Yvonne Murray, last year’s 
women's Grand Prix winner 
will be one of the favourites 
for tomorrow’s 3,000m along 
with Chris Boxer, Jane Shields 
and Veronique Marot The 
overall Grand Prix has men’s 
and and women's prizes of 
$5,000 each for first place, 
with each separate race carry- 
ing $2300 for the men and 
$1,000 for the women's 

• Prize money is a point of 
contention for Britons in the 
Paris marathon, which takes 
place tomorrow. Four British 
runnersJAaureen Hurst and 
Leslie Watson, first and sec- 
ond in last year’s women's 
race, and lan Beauchamp and 
Steve Howcroft, sixth and 
eighth in the men's, are yet to 
be paid sums totalling £6,000. 

Chris Brasher, London mar- 
athon director, and president 
of the Association of Interna- 
tional Marathons (AIMS) is 
going to Paris this weekend to 
tell the administrators that 
they will not be admitted to 
AIMS unless they pay up. 

The 1,306-mile 15-day 
Peace Race Is now in jeopardy 
following the Chernobyl nucle- 
ar disaster. The showpiece of 
East European cycle racing — 
now in its 39th year— is due to 
start in Kiev on Tuesday bet 
fears for the safety of the 120 
riders, from 20 nations, has 
caused withdrawals from the 
race. • • 

The first four days are al! 
based around Kiev and cover a 
total of 203 miles. The race is 
then due to move to Poland, 
restartin g in Warsaw, where 

Wales up 
the stakes 

The Welsh Rugby Union has 
decided to award caps to their 
players for an future marches 
against countries from »n«aA» 
and outside the International 
Rugby Board nations. 

That means the matches 
against Tonga. Fiji and West- 
ern Samoa win be awarded frill 
international status when 
Wales tour there this summer. 

Record entry 

This year’s Isle of Man TT 
motorcycle race meeting has 
attracted areconl entry of 856 
— 110 up on than las year. 
Both World Championship 
events, the formula one and 
and formula two races, toe- 
over-subscribedby 120 and 1 14 
entries respectively. .. 

Because of the strict safety 
precautions on the demanding 
37%-tnite circuit, a maximum 
of 100 competitors is allowed 
for each event' Racing opens on . 
Saturday. May 31, with the. 
formula one race, and contin- 
ues on June 2L 4 and & 

By David Dnffield 

hi gh levels of radiation have 
already been recorded. 

Great Britain have already 
cancelled plans to send a team. 
Brian Wootten, the British 
Cycling Federation's racing 
secretary, said: “We contacted 
the Foreign Office and were 
advised not to go. We telexed 
the. Rnssian federation and 
have also notified Poland, 
Czechoslovakia and East Ger- 
many of our intentions." 

One posstofifty; .proposed 
by the BCF, is to start the race 
hi Berlin * on May 14 and 


Mary Slaney (above), . the 
mSe woridieand holder, who is 
expecting her first baby next 
month, says she plans to ran ra 
the 1987 world chsu»p4oashq», 
bat has net decided yeton the., 
distance. “ At some paint Td- 
Eke to concentrate- -as the 806 
metres," she said recently. . . i. . 

Joint effort. 

With, the America's- Cup 
anting under way off Ferth-ou' 
October 5. tbe two-, Canadian 
teams -r-. True Noith and 
Canada 2 —who are bidding for 
toe right to mount a dial tenge, 
have joined forces in an nt- 
- tempt to find the festest yacht.- 

complete the scheduled second 
half td the race, to finish in 
Prague on May 22. As yet 
there has been no reply from 
the . Russians to this 

lire British proposal wnald 
allow a continuity of the event 
for there is every indication 
that other Western nations, 
indading the United States 
team, wffl not be on the start- 
line at Kiev if the race goes 
ahead as planned 

' More cycling, page 3& 

Rare decision 

The Cbracm motor rally 
was suspended yesterday after 
the deaths of Henri Toivohen 
(Finland) and Sergio Crests 
- (Italy) -in a-crato. The Lancia 
team colleagues withdrew and 
the organisers are. deciding 
whether, the threoday event 
should continue: It -was the 
Lancia, team's second totality in 
two years in this Corskan race. 

G&jkuiy, page 19 

The real thing 

The George Wimpey 
women’s -open . . red tennis 
championship takes place at 
tire Seacourt tennis dub, 
Hayimglstaixltofc weekend. 

Caterina Alien defends her title 
gainst toe- tanner champion. 
Lerfey RonaJdson. Strong con- 
tenderefrom overseas.are HeR 
enMursefl, from Mdbdumc, 

conceding a first-innings out the whole day for 342 
deficit of 107 mas. Mor- for seven declared and 
ris, aged 22, added 63 draw tbe game. 

rum in 37 overs with (motograph: Chris Cole). 
Holmes as (rlaroorgan 

proceeded to bat through* Reports, page 38 


JTufie; Talbert, from New Yqtk 
and." Evelyn David, from 
■ Tuxedo. -• 





By Sydney Frfskln 

Tony Knowles was under 
more pressure when a frame 
was dramatically ; snatched If 
front fans al Sheffield yester- 
day b? Joe Mason h the 
semi-final of the Embassy 
world saooto championship. 
Johnson drew ahead 84, won 
the next frame, bst Knowles 
recovered slighliy to go 9-5 
behind by toe end of the 
second session. The 31-frame 
ma tc h ends today. 

As in earfier tussles, the 
formats of the 12th frame 
changed su d de nl y. Knowles 
compiled i fanata g break 
of 65, which came to an end at 
the top of the table, where Us 
attempt at the pemdtmate red, 
with the rid of the rest, broke 
down. The score was Chen 
30 and la came Johnson to 
dear up with a break of39 and - 
take the frame. ~ 

Hay for the day had begun 
with Johnson leading 4-3, afr 
advantage 'which he warned 
by wraumg the first frame on 
the crectal pink. Bat Knowfas 
■hit hack 'immediately with 
breaks of 59 and 61, only to 
fafl behad again as Jotnmon'fr 
finest stroking earned Urn toe 
next tin frames. Johnson went 
happay on to lead M before 
Knowles checked his progress 
with a break of 56. 

Oiff Thorburn, of Canada, 
who resmned the other semi- 
final yesterday aftenuMh:P 
against Steve Davis 5-3 be- 
hind, broke into fluent action 
i mmed iately with a break of 
63, efirefaating in the process 
three blades, a pink and Soar 
mere Hacks. Bet there was 
enough left on tire table for 
Davis to work on and he 
recovered magnificently after 
Thorbmm had left him an easy 
red. There wore oidy two of 
them left jfod be cleared the 
taMe to ao6r3 ahead. Bm soar 
it was 64. 

The Gmadian probably re- 
membered the insecurity of flie 
previous night when he lost 
the sixth frame after making 
break of 65. Davis also made 
65 eventually to win the frame fe 
on the bbek and kvdat 3-3. 

Thorton's march hi that 
pdsating frame was- halted 
whee the cne baft kicked back 
and frustrated Ms attempt to 
sink the Hack. At that stage 
he had potted nme Macks and 
two reds, thus creating the 
prospect of a wriiinim 
aS went up in smoke. 

91-8, 69-43. 4-I2I). 

a record 

' By Mitchell Platts 

Alison Nicholas continued 
her attempt to lead from start 
to finish m the Ford Ladies 

third round of 71 at Wobura- 
Golfand Country Chib yester- 
day. It gave her a 54-bole 
aggregate of 214; which, at 11 
under par, is a record for the 
WPGA tour. 

Miss Nicholas, seeking her 
first victory as a professional 
wfl] enter the final round 
todaywith a three-shot cush£r) 
ion aver Muriel Thomson, 
who had five birdies in a' 
flawless round of 70. Vanessa 
Marvin took 75 to remain in 
contention some five shots 

Even so. Miss Nicholas 
would be the first to acknowl- 
edge time there is. little room' 
for. error. There have been 
some fine scoring achieve- 
ments during the last three 
days which support the theory, 
that tiie standard of golf on the 
WPGA circuit is coming on in 
leaps and bounds. 

' For instance. Pia Nilsson, 
who, . admittedly, has had 
three years' experience on the 
LPGA circuit in the United 
States, has the £4,500 first 
prize with in her rights in spite 
of a'first round of 81. Miss 
Nilsson, a 5ft 6in, blue-eyed 
Monde from Malmo, Sweden, 
has gathered 14 birdies during 
the last two days and so with 
rounds of 68 "and 70, she is 
now on 219. Miss Nilsson has 
an exceptional <■>»»»» of win- 
ning the title if. she can 
mamtain that kind of impres- 
sive {day during the last 18 

Miss Thomson, who. was 
beaten by Gillian Stewart in.a 
play-off for the title last year. 

, -