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r*. ■ j . ■ 

No 62,449 




accused over 

nuclear risk 

• The British Government was »<rnwd 
yesterday of being canght off guard by 
rtie Soviet nuclear disaster as confusion 
spread over fallout warnings 

c radwaetive cloud moved towards 
SW England, householders in Wales 
and Scotland who drink rainwater were 
advised not to use too much (Page 20) 

• lVfr Boris Yeltsin, the Moscow party 
chie£ said yesterday that foreign ex- 
perts could visit the Chernobyl site 
when radioactivity was at a safe level 

• But Mr Yeltsin admitted thar, al- 
though the damaged nuclear reactor 
was almost pln&ed, radiation was still 
seep mg out 

By Anthony Bevins, Political Correspondent 
The Government was ac- ... . 

cused yesterday by a senior * he Ministry of Agricuture 

that the reference levels 

_ _ j-w.vuj i/j b atmui 

Conservative backbencher of 
having been taken offguard by 
the nuclear fall-out from the 
Chernobyl disaster. 

Sir Richard Body, the Con- 
servative chairman of the 
Commons Select Committee 
on .Agriculture, said in a radio 
interview that the Dutch, who 
had called their cows in from 
pasture, were “very much 
more health conscious" than 
the British. 

He added: “1 think we have 
lo accept that this is a new 
problem for the Ministry of 
Agriculture and it is not 
altogether surprising that the 
ministry have been caught off 
their guard." 

Sir Richard's accusation 
came as a high-ranking Soviet 
official announced in West 
Germany that radiation had 
diminished around the 
Chernobyl plant site. Mr Boris 
Yeltsin, head of the Moscow 
Communist Party, akn prom- 
ised that the Soviet Union will 
let foreign experts inspect the 

In London, the Ministry of 
Agriculture last night denied. 
Sir Richard's accusation, say- 
ing the regular checks were, 
being carried out on milk. 

But there were signs of some 
confusion after the ministry 
said that their reference limit 
for radioactivity in milk was 
2.000 becquerels per litre; a 
safety measure for iodtine 131. 

The emergency levels rec- 
ommended by ifie huerna- 
tional Atomic Energy Agency 
are 1.000 becquerels per litre 
for children and 10,000 
becquerels per litre for adults, 
according to a spokesman in 

were different because Austri- 
an exposure had been greater 
It was said that while 10 
becquerels per Hire had been 
found in milk at the start of 
last week, that figure had risen 
to a maximum of 50 
becquerels per litre yesterday. 

However, it was then re- 
vealed that it was for the 
Scottish Office to carry out 

Danger shrugged off 
Gorbachov tainted 



checks in Scotland and a 
spokesman in Edinburgh said 
that they had found levels of 
440 becquerels per Hire of 
milk m south-west Scotland. 

Mr Gordon Wilson, MP, 
chairman of the Scottish Na- 
tional Party, yesterday called 
for an “open and honest" 
government statement on the 
extent of the radiation fall-out 
over Scotland. 

He accused the Govern- 
ment of “Kremlin style" se- 
crecy over the issue: Details 
must be given on which 
informed public opinion 
could make a judgement, he 
said,, and added that the 
Government’s and the nuclear 
industry's track record of se- 
crecy had produced public 

“People amply do not be- 
lieve bland statements any 
longer. Soothing words are no 
substitute for facts and action 
to protect health," said Mr 

Confusion . and - concern 
over safety was increased yes- 
terday when people living in 
Scotland, north-west England 
and north Wales were advised 

not to drink fresh rainwater 
continuously for the next 

The warning came from the 
National Radiological Protec- 
tion Board, which was moni- 
toring radiation levels. 

It said that high depositions 
of radioactivity reported in 
northern areas on Sunday had 
been associated with radioac- 
tivity in rainfall. The effect on 
mains, streams and well water 
was “insignificant”, it said. 
But it added that while drink- 
ing fresh rainwater over two or 
three days presented no signif- 
icant health hazard “it would 
be desirable to avoid drinking 
it continuously for the next 

The board’s statement is- 
sued jointly with the Depart- 
ment of the Environment, 
together with the Scottish and 
Welsh Offices, said no further 
radioactive deposition had 
been detected in southern 
parts of the UK. There, the 
predicted doses of radiation 
from existing deposits re- 
mained small and gave “no 
cause for concern.” 

A Ministry of Agriculture 
spokesman said that while the 
continuous drinking of rain- 

Clash on 
rise at 
the top 

-.iMorr ■ 

' £ 

Mrik being tested for radiation at Ihe Ceatral Ve^riSSrL^^Sarrey yesterday. 

water might affect humans the 
levels of radiation present 

would be “too negligible” to 
affect animals. 

Environment and trade ex- 
perts from European Commu- 
nity countries met in Brussels 
yesterday to discuss policy on 
imports from Eastern Europe 
after the Chernobyl accident. 

Officials said ihe meeting 
was called to ensure that 
action taken by member 
states, such as the restricting 

Condoned mi page 20, col 7 


? * 'P,! 

l. t l"** 1 



Tomorrow I Chernobyl reactor 

still leaking 


Americans hail Tokyo statement 

UK leads summit in 
drive against terror 

From Sarah Hogg and David Watts, Tokyo 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

about when the damaging leak 
would be stopped completely 

How Terry Venables 
is poised to bring 
the European Cup 
to Barcelona 

- l SM- 

• The Tunes Portfolio 
Gold competition re- 
sumes today with a 
£4,000 daily prize. Port- 
folio list, page 24; rules 
and how to play, infor- 
mation service, page 20. 

SDP shareout 

The Social Democratic Party 
is proposing a shares giveaway 
under which all adults would 
receive an equal stake in 
privatized industries Page 2 

Contra arms 

More than a week after the 
Chernobyl nuclear disaster, a 
senior Kremlin official yester- 
day admitted that radiation 
was continuing to seep from 
the damaged reactor. But he 
said the Irak had almost been 
plugged and radiation levels in 
the affected area were felling. 

The admission, which took 
some Western observers by 
surprise, was made in Ham- 
burg by Mr Boris Yeltsin 
during bis visit to the West 
German Communist Party 

Mr Yeltsin, the new chief of 
the Moscow Communist Par- 
ty, who has been chosen by the 
Politburo to release selected 
details of the disaster for 
foreign consumption said the 
reactor was still radioactive 
but the chain reaction of 
fission of nuclear fuel had now 

“Further leaks from the 
reactor have almost been 
stopped. The nuclear cloud (of 
radioactivity) is now begin- 
ning to disappear and a new 
one has not been formed.” 

Mr Yeltsin's statement con- 
trasted sharply with the con- 
tinuing dearth of official 
information about the disaster 
available to Soviet citizens 
through their official media, 
which is staging a campiagn 
designed to minimize panic 
and discredit all Western 
warnings of Ihe magnitude 
and dangers posed by the 

Mr Yeltsin was unable to 
offer Kremlin predictions 

saying: “That is up to the 
experts in the Soviet Union . 

In one of the first official 
references to specific figures 
since the disaster occurred 10 
days’ ago, Mr Yeltsin said 
radiation around the evacuat- 
ed Chernobyl plant was now 
just slightly higher than 100 
roentgens per hour. It had 
dropped from slightly less 
than 200 since last Friday. 
Scientific experts claim that a 
dose above 200 can be fetal 
whereas a dose of under 20 
roentgens is not likely to have 
any serious effects. 

A Siberian-born alternate 
(non-voting) member of the 

Mr Yeltsin: radiation levels 
dropping despite leak 

ruling Politburo. Mr Yeltsin is 
regarded as a close political 
ally of Mr Gorbachov. His 
deliberate disclosures in Eu- 
rope were yesterday seen as 
part of a carefully planned 
Continued on page 20, col 8 

The Western leaders meet- 
ing in Tokyo yesterday issued 
a six-point plan for combating 
state te r rorism heavily based 
on British proposals. 

The American Secretary of 
State, Mr George Shultz, de- 
scribed it as a “terrific" state- 
ment issued at the end of “a 
long and very good day for 
democracy, tor freedom, for 
the fight against terrorism an* 
for cohesion of the West". 

The declaration named Lib- 
ya specifically, something 
which the French and Japa- 
nese governments had origi- 
nally resisted. 

Mr Shultz said the message 
lo Colonel Gadaffi was: 
“You've had it, paL You are 
isolated. You are recognized 
as a terrorist.” 

Mr Shultz heaped praise on 
Mre Margaret Thatcher, de- 
scribing her as a “terrific 

Mrs Thatcher was said to 
have taken the lead in tough- 
ening up the draft prepared by 
officials, urging the inclusion 
of six specific measures. 

These are: The refusal to 
export arms to terrorist states; 
strict limits on diplomatic and 
consular missions; the denial 
of entry to suspected people 

expelled from another summit 
country: improved extradition 
procedures; stricter immigra- 
tion and visa requirements; 
and the “closest possible" 
police and security co- 

Governments agreed to ap- 

ply the measures “within the 
framework of international 

Summit declaration 
Text of statements 
Leading article 
Hope for rates 




law and within our own 
jurisdictions”. The British 
Foreign Secretary. Sir Geof- 
frey Howe, said the declara- 
tion demonstrated the extent 
to which it had been possible 
to “mobilize collective 

President Reagan was said 
to be “very happy” with the 
declaration, which was gener- 
ally presented as being much 
tougher than that issued at the 
London summit two years 

However, none of the seven 
delegations was prepared to 
say what impact the declara- 
tion would have on 
governments’ behaviour, or 

be specific about its effects. 

The declaration was issued 
on the first of the two days of 
the economic summit in To- 
kyo. The governments in- 
volved. apart from Britain, the 
US and Japan, are West 
Germany, France. Italy and 

The summit continues to be 
overshadowed bv threats of 
violence from extreme left- 
wing terrorists, who fired five 
rockets dose to the summit 
area on Sunday. 

Yesterday evening the New 
Otani Hotel, housing press 
and official delegations, was 
sealed off temporarily after 
reports of an explosion a 
quarter of a mile away. 

It was a false alarm. Howev- 
er, the leftists have threatened 
to score a direct hit on the 
Akasaka Palace, where heads 
of government are meeting, 
before the end of the summit 

Summit leaders also issued 
a special statement on the 
implications of the nuclear 
accident at Chernobyl. This 
was intended to reassure the 
public that individual safety 
was the highest priority of the 

Continued on page 2, col I 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent 

The Government was 
threatened with an 
embarrasing new controversy- 
over top people's pay last 
night after it had been report- 
ed i hat rises of up to £100 a 
week had been recommended 
by the Top Salaries Review 

The Prime Minister is ex- 
pected lo call for Cabinet 
consideration of the report, 
and separate reports for 
nurses, doctors and dentists, 
and the armed forces, later 
this month. 

But in the wake of last year's 
clash over increases for senior 
Civil Servants, service chiefs 
and judges, when there was a 
Conservative backbench re- 
volt in the Commons, Opposi- 
tion leaders and restive 
Conservative backbenchers 
were last nighr warning 
against another round ol'Jarge- 
scaJe increases. 

Mr Roy Hattcrsley, the 
deputy Labour leader, said: 
“These recommendations are 
intolerable. Last summer, the 
same top salaried people were 
given massive increases just as 
the Government removed 
protection from manv of the 
lowest paid. 

“Now they are to be helped 
again whilst the Government 
urges restraint on low-paid 

Dr David Owen, the SDP 
leader, said: “The Govern- 
ment are paying the penalty ot 
letting private wages rip. The 
essential unfairness of an arbi- 
trary clampdown in the public 
service and a free for all in the 
private sector, has meant mas- 
sive salary increases particu- 
larly in the City, and the 
chickens have come home to 

He added: “The compara- 
bility which the review body 
have asked to be done is 
probably fair. What is essen- 
tially unfair is (be 
Government's attitude to 
wages. They will have to learn 
the lesson which is to have the 
same overall policy for both 
public and private sector 

Mr Doug Hoyle, president 
of the white-collar union, the 
Association of Scientific. 
Technical and Managerial 
Staffs, and Labour MP for 
Warrington North, said: “This 
is disgusting and disgraceful. I 
am writing to the Prime 
Minister urging her to turn it 
down flatly 

cut by 

Business confidence up 

Gang frees ANC 
man in hospital 

Business confidence in gov- 
ernment policies and econom- 
ic prospects is increasing, 
according to the latest survey 
of business opinion by the 
Institute of Directors. 

The institute reports a sharp 
recovery among businessmen 
in confidence in government 

policies with 63 per cent of 
those surveyed satisfied or 
neutral on the Government's 
performance compared with 
only 44 per cent in February. 

The number dissatisfied 
with the Government has 
fallen from more than half in 
February to 35 per cent 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

A band of men in white Mkhize when 
coats shot their way 

into a 

hospital outside Pieter- 
maritzburg and freed an Afri- 
can National Congress guer- 
rilla suspect under police 
guard in intensive care. 

Police said the incident, 
which appears to be one of the 
boldest ANC attacks on 
record, occurred on Sunday 
evening at the Eden dale Hos- 
pital for blacks on the out- 
skirts of the Natal capital. 

The men “fired wildly” with 
Soviet-made AK47 rifles, 
weapons often used by the 
ANC. as they entered the 
ward. They hit three visitors, 
one of whom later died. Two 
police guards were slighliv 

Police identified the freed 
man as Mr Gordon Christo- 
pher Webster, aged 23. a 
Coloured. They alleged that be 
went by the alias of Stephen 

_ . on ANC 


He was one of two men 
surprised by police in the 
Pietermaritzburg area last 
week while allegedly loading 
arms and ammunition into a 
car. Police say they opened 
fire when he tried to escape, 
seriously wounding him. The 
other man was shot dead. 

The gang wheeled Mr Web- 
ster out of the hospital on a 
trolley, disconnected him 
from intravenous feeding 
tubes and blood transfusion 
apparatus and sped away with 
him in a van. Police said that 
unless he received medical aid 
soon he would die. 

The Minister of Law and 
Order. Mr Louis Le Grange, 
asserted yesterday that the 
incident provided “yet more 
proof of the determination 
and callousness of the ANC 

The US is defy ing a congres- 
sional ban by sending military 
aid to rebels fighting the 
Nicaraguan Government, in 
order to isolate the leader of 
one of the Contra rebel 
groups, say sources in Miami 
and Costa Rica Page 10 

13 die in 
rail crash 


Lisbon (Reuter) — Thirteen 
people were killed and about 
40 injured yesterday, some 
seriously, when a passenger 
train ran into the back of a 
packed commuter train. 

The accident occurred at 
Povoa de Santa Iria nine 
miles north-east of the capital, 
where the commuter train had 

A fire service official said 
most of the dead and injured 
were in the rear carriage of the 
suburban commuter train. 

Railway officials said an 
inquiry would be set up 
immediately to determine 
how the accident happened. 
They added that, on the basis 
of early information, it ap- 
peared to be the result of I 
human error. 

Initial casualty reports were 
confused and firemen said the 
death toll could rise 

and have just one 
easy monthly repayment 

Sente your Credit Cards, H.P. Bank Loans and 
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By a Stuff Reporter 
Heavy showers in many 
parts of the country kept the 
roads clear and dampened 
bank holiday exuberance at 
resorts police reported 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion said that road congestion 
was lower than usual as motor- 
ists drifted home early because 
of the poor weather. 

Worst trouble spots were 
contraflow systems on the Ml 
at Northampton, the M4 near 
Maidenhead, and on the M6 
near Blackpool the Lake Dis- 
trict and Preston. 

The sunniest parts of the 
country were Wales, the west 
country. Northern Ireland and 
the far north of Scotland while 
the whole of the eastern side 
endured chilly, wet weather. 

Record numbers of holiday 
makers returning from abroad 
faced extra security checks at 
airports.They followed tough- 
er measures again? terrorism 
which were announced by Mr 
Michael Spicer, the Aviation 
Minister, on Friday. 

A stunt pilot was killed 
when his light plane crashed 
at an air display at Cranfield, 
near Milton Keynes, yester- 

Four windsurfers were re- 
covering in hospital from hy- 
pothermia last night after 
being rescued from the lev 
waters of the Bristol Channel 
Strong off-shore winds had 
blown them out to sea from the 
beach at Weston-super-Mare. 

An air-sea rescue search off 
the coast of Cumbria far Mr 
Timothy Hutchings, aged 22, 
from Basingstoke, Hants, who 
became separated from friends 
on cliffs between Whitehaven 
and St Bees, was abandoned 
after be reported safely to 

A man killed in a fall near 
Keswick, in the Lake District, 
was named yesterday as David 
Brown. 25, a research assis- 
tant at the School of Slavonic 
and East European Studies in 

Mr Brown was walking with 
a patty of students on 
Honister Crag when he 
slipped and fell several hun- 
dred feet. 

A man from Leyland in 
Lancashire was recovering in 
hospital after another Luke 
District accident. 

Kevin Lawson, aged 28, who 
slipped and fell 200 feet w hile 
walking on Scafell was taken 
to West Cumberland Hospital 
Whitehaven, with head inju- 

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Ipswich down 

!p<*.ich Town were relegated 
from the first division as 
Oxford L’nited avoided the 
drop bv beating Arsenal 3-0 
'Match report, page 40 

Hrair 2-5 

CKvrom* 6-1 1 

•\ppi.s I* 

Art. 19 

Birrhs. dwifbs. 

IS. 29 




Dbir> lb 

Law Report 34 
Leaders tf 

Sewice lo 
Sport 35*40 
Theatres. W -W 

TV S. Radw 39 

Lnheniries 29 
Weather 20 
wa»s 18 


Final toll in 
Sri Lanka 
air blast is 14 

Colombo (Reuier) — The 
Sri Lankan Government said 
vesterday that ihe final death 
io!l in Saturday’s bomb blast 
on an Air Lanka plane was 14. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man said the victims were 
three Britons, a French couple 
and a Frenchman, a Maldivi- 
an mother and son, two 
Japanese, a West German and 
three Sri Lankans. 

He said Sri Lanka sent 
condolences io ihe countries 

The Sri Lankan Govern- 
ment yesterday confirmed 
that the British family killed 
in the blast were Mr T. 
MacPherson, Mrs MacPher- 
son and Miss MacPherson. 


Webster play draft is find of century 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 

A three-page working draft 

Shakespeare has been discov- 
ered . by the Marquess el 
Lothian among archives at 
Melbourne Hall in Derby- 
shire. It is considered to be the 
literary find of the century. 

It is the only working draft, 
complete with revisions in the 
playwright's own hand, to 
have survived from the great 
era of British dramatic writ- 

The manuscript is to be sold 
by Bloomsbury Book Auctions 
on June 20 in aid of an 
endowment fond for the up- 
keep of the Melbourne gar- 
dens, which woe cr eated in 

about 1700 in emulation of 
Versailles and are the only 
surviving example of a formal 
garden of the period in Britain. 

A sale price of between 
£200,000 and £400.000 has 

Mr Felix Pryor, who was 
responsible for the literary 
detective work in identifying 
the play, dates it to between 
1606 and 1609, the years that 
saw the first performances of 

A detail of the long-lost Webster manuscript 

been predicted For the 

The play from which the 
scene comes is unknown but its 
author can be identified on 
stylistic grounds as John 
Webster, who wrote The 
Duchess of Malfi and was 
Shakespeare's doses* rival 

Antony and Cleopatra, Mac- 
beth, King Lear and Volpone. 

Mr Pryor has called the 
play The Dahe of Fbreace 
since its protagonist re the last 
decadent Medici Dnke of Flor- 
ence, Alessandro il More. 

The manuscript arrival at 
Melbourne as wrapping paper. 

Sir John Coke, Charles I’s 
Secretary of State, sent his 
papers down from London to 
Melbourne in 1634 done up in 
neat bundles, each separately 
wrapped, the equivalent of a 
modem Civil Servant’s files. 
Paper was then a costly item. 

The manuscript was still 
wrapping some of Sir John's 
papers in the 1880s when an 
inventory was taken of the 
Melbourne archives for Sir 
John's descendants — 
Melbonm has frequently 
passed in the female line bur 
never left the family. 

The papers went astray 
some time in the intervening 
100 years and were discovered 
m a box of papers concerning 
the gardens. 

Plot revealed, page 12 

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r in- 




proposes to give 
way free shares in 
privatized companies 




The Social Democratic Par- 
ty is proposing a shares give- 
away under which all adults 
would receive an equal stake 
-in privatized industries. 

. A provisional policy paper. 
Sharing in Success, published 
today , contains a £900 mil- 
lion package of tax incentives 
for employee profit-sharing 
and employee share owner- 
ship which Mr Ian 
Wrigglesworth. the party’s 
economic spokesman, said 
. would help to break down the 
industrial relations divide be* 
tween “us and them". 

- But the policy draft which 
.is to be considered by the 
■Council for Social Democracy 
;ai Southport later this month, 
also calls for an extension of 
.share ownership with “a free 
dispersal of shares" in priva- 
.lized companies. . . 

It says: “The aim is to 
broaden capital ownership to 
include those with lower in- 
comes and little savings. We 
therefore propose that shares 
in those state industries to be 
privatized should be distribut- 
ed free to all people over the 
age of 18 on a uniform basis." 

1 The paper insists that the 
' proposal is not a “gimmick" 

' and it is accepted that in the 
case of the British Telecom 
privatization it would have 
cost the Exchequer 
£3.915 million for a scheme 
under which each one of the 
41 million people on the 

electoral register would have 
received shares worth about 

The British Gas privatiza- 
tion would similarly provide 
shares worth about £195 for 
each adult and the paper says 
“We believe that giving indi- 
viduals a capital stake is a far 
better way of using the oppor- 
tunity of privatization than 
simply adding to money 
raised from asset sales to 
general revenue." 

Mr Wrigglesworth said last 
night: “Our proposals form a 
central part of the overall 
strategy for jobs and competi- 
tiveness. Our industrial rela- 
tions reinforce class 
differences and stifle the co- 
operative spirit of initiative. 

“This conflict must cea 
and be replaced by a new 
partnership between workers 
and management" 

The policy draft indudes a 
proposal that pay received as a 
profit bonus, or through divi- 
dends from share ownership, 
should be taxed at a conces- 
sionary rate of 20 per cent 
instead of the 29 per cent baric 

Companies which paid 
more than 5 per cent of their 
wage bills in bonuses would be 
eligible for a 10 per cent relief 
on corporation tax. 

from both employers' and 
employees' national insurance 
contributions, giving employ- 
ers a 10-45 per cent incentive. 

ativdy, profit share 
could be exempted 

and most employees' a 9 per 
cent rebel 

There would be further tax 
incentives for companies with 
share options and profit-shar- 
ing schemes, which kept pay 
deals below “the .limit agreed 
for a voluntary incomes 

While a limit of £400 mo- 
tion is put on that profit- 
sharing pan of the package, 
the document also proposes 
£500 million inducement for 
an extension of employee 
share ownership, indudir 
capital gains lax concession 
for shares sold by private 
limited companies to their 

The paper adds: “To en- 
courage workers' buyouts of 
failed businesses, the employ- 
ees should be allowed to claim 
up to six months' unemploy- 
ment benefit, in advance, for 
investment in new co- 

Mr Wrigglesworth said: 
“The Government has at- 
tempted to steal the Alliance's 
clothes on this issue, but the 
measures it has put forward 
are threadbare. 

However, the document 
also contains a cautionary 
note about the expenditure 
implications of the proposals. 
A preface says: “The SDP 
intends to review all its policy 
proposals which have expen- 
diture commitments, and es- 
tablish dear priorities closer 
to the next general election." 

UK leads in drive 
against terrorism 

Continued from page 1 
nuclear industries in summit 

While expressing deep sym- 
pathy for those affected, the 
. statement urged the Soviet 
Union to provide information 
“urgently". The statement 
called for an international 
convention committing nucle- 
ar countries to report and 
exchange information. 

Summit leaders . are now 
attempting to drag the meet- 
ing back to economic issues. 
They agreed that economic 
prospects had improved since 
the last summit in Bonn. 

Inflation, .o3 prices, and 
interest rates are aH .lower. It is 
agreed that growth is “better 
balanced", despite bugp. trade 
imbalances between - the US 
and Japan. 

' The British Chancellor, Mr 
Nigel Lawson, desribed as 
■“quite promising" the pros- 
pects for a further foil in 
interest rates. 

A new issue raised by 
several governments is the 
growing cost of form subsidies 
worldwide. Mrs Thatcher told 
the other leaders: “We are all, 
repeat all, protectionist in 
agriculture”. She claimed this 
was "mutually harmful". 

Summit governments have 
agreed to call for special 
studies of form subsidies to be 
carried out by the Organiza- 

tion for Economic Coopera- 
tion and Development There 
is said to be a new willingness 
to include agriculture in the 
next round of international 
trade talks, although some 
leaders have still not formally 
agreed that the new round 
should be launched this year. 

Together with the two dec- 
larations on terrorism and 
Chernobyl, the British Gov- 
ernment feds the agreement 
on agriculture means its sum- 
mit objectives have been “wdl 
and truly acknowledged". 

French agreement to the 
anti-terrorist declaration was 
secured by a deal on exchange- 
rate management. This lad 
threatened, to create a serious 
r.ift. between, summit 

Italy and Canada had been 
demanding membership of 
the key Group of Five forger 
summit economies. France 
did not want to see the group 
diluted, so an American com- 
promise provides for the task 
of monitoring exchange rates 
to be shared between the 
Group of Five and a new 
Group of Seven. 

In bilateral negotiations 
with the Japanese, both the 
British Foreign Secretary and 
the Chancellor urged a reduc- 
tion in taxes on Scotch whis- 

Blue video 
MP blush 

Police are investigating i 
blue movie called Nude Whet 
Special in which a Conserva- 
tive MP and a Methodist 
mintow ate unscripted 

Airport strike threat 

Manchester Airport will 
dose for 24 hours because of a 
strike on Thursday unless 
nearly 1,000 airport workers 
receive what they term an 
“acceptable" pay offer. 

Mr Paul McDermott, con- 
venor of the Transport and 
General Workers Union 
fTGWU), said the deadline 
for industrial action had been 
=extended to give management 
•time to consult the airport's 
.executive committee. 

. On reports of a planned 

strike, Mr McDermott said: 
“It would not be helpful to 
comment at this stage of 
negotiations, but we are hope- 
ful for an increased oner 

The union members voted 
by almost two to one in a 
ballot to reject a 6-5 per cent 
“final" pay offer for TGWU 
employees, who include fire- 
men, baggage-handlers, secu- 
rity and car park staff. 

Talks on a pay offer, due 
from January 1, have been , 
continuing since October. 

hots of Mr David Modd, 
MP for Falmouth and 
Camborne, taken at a Job 
Centre ceremony for the deaf 
were used in the film. 

Mr Modd said yesterday: 
"It is all totally innocent.. I am 
properly clothed, and then the 
film immediatel y switches- to 
tvno ladies doing something. 
quite different on a couch, and 
they are informally dressed. 

*1 have not seen the film, 
but I understand ! am in good 
company because the focal 
Methodist minister' also ap- 
pears. This is acutely embar- 
rassing. There are civil 
remedies open to me and I will 
be looking at them." 

Police are investigating bow 
video equipment provided fora 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion prqject was nsed In copy 
pornographic videos for sale. 

Mr Modd had been filmed 
by a video nnft which was part 
of a £15 million community 

^hots of the^^^^ony^rfMr 
Mudd and the the Rev Jim 
Hanlon, appear in die blue 
video. Mr Mudd said: "This 
seems to be a case of over- 
recording mi old tape. Bat is is 
not the first time 1 have been 
involved in naked movies. 

“When I was a television 
reporter in the 1960s, there 
was a full node rear shot of me 
at the opening of a Turkish 

The head of the video unit, 
Mr Phillip Shepherd, aged 37, 
of Falmouth, who has re- 
signed, said: “I thought it was 
a wonderful way of using the 
facilities. I discussed with 
various persons what kind of 
film they were interested in 
and they said action, comedy 
and sex." 

The police have interviewed 
two men. 

Talcbgi a rain ched 
Morris dancer from 
Kent, casts a look at the 
clouds ova- Hastings as the town 
celebrated its undent custom of the 
release of Jack in the Green - a 
“dancing bash" which is said to 
harbour the spirit of summer. In time 
1800s the custom was performed by 

cfammey sweeps to raise pocket money 
and ensnre a sonny aim prosperous 
year for the residents. Revived two 
, the event this year attracted 
dancing sides from 
the country who enter- 
visitors and local peopleAfter 
dancing up and down the high street 
and along the seafront, the Morris 

dancers assembled at the Castle 
Grounds for the *HIHtig off of the 
Jade". The Jack is a man disguised as 
a bosh who dances through the 
streets. After being pushed over the 
“spirit" was released. It was hoped 
that the re- enactment by sa many 
Morris dancers would drive away the 
wet weather. 

Thursday’s ixjII countdown 

Labour likely to 
nake capital gain 

Chernobyl ‘boost’ 

Labour may emerge from 
this week's council elections in 
London with even more influ- 
ence over local government m 
the capital than it had when it 
ran the Greater London Coun- 
cil That is because of the way 
in which the Government has 
shared out the powers of the 
GLC which was abolished at 
the end of March. 

Some powers, such as those 
over much of the road system 
in London, have been be- 
queathed to the 32 London 
borough councils. Others, 
such ascovering the like run- 
ning the fire brigade, have 
been handed to new boards, 
consisting of councillors cho- 
sen by the boroughs. A party 
that wins sweeping victories in 
London on Thursday will gain 
not only a bigger share of 
borough powers, but also con- 
trol of the new boards. 

The prize in London’s coun- 
cil elections will , therefore, be 
a greater measure of control 
than has been on offer before, 
and Labour is well placed to 
win it Greater London » the 
only part of England in which 
there is to be voting for all 
council seats. Conservatives 
now bold 15 boroughs. La- 
bour 12 and the Alliance one. 
The others are hung 

Although some of the bor- 
oughs, like Greenwich and 
Newham, under Labour con- 
trol, and Conservative Croy- 
don and Bexley, are certain 
not to change hands, there will 
be some close contests 

By Hugh Clayton 

Brent: Now hung with three 
Liberals holding the balance 
between 32 Labour and 31 
Conservative members. A 
probable Labour gain. 

By Ronald Faux 

Ealing: Labour has a strong 
chance of overturning the 
small Toiy majority in this 
leafy borough, with an im- 
mense housing waiting list. 
Present council: 34 Conserva- 
tives, 30 Labour and six 

Hammersmith and Fulham: 
Hung council, in whose area 
Labour won the Fulham par- 
liamentary by-election. If the 
Alliance repeats its Fulham 
performance. Labour win 
probably win the borough. 

Hramstow: Hard to predict 
with right-wing Labour major- 
ity ofaxina council of 60. All 
major parties fielding Asian 


Lambeth: Now narrowly 
Labour-controlled. Hard to 
predict because Mr Ted 
Knight, 'disqualified . former 
cdfcntiJ leader, has done much 
to focus the poll on a single 
issue: hnhselfl 

Richmond: Passible Conser- 
vative gain in this lush bor- 
ough. where there are no 
Labour councillors and the 
Alliance has a majority of 

Waltham Forest liberals 
hold the balance in this bor- 
ough next to Essex country- 
ride. Alliance inroads into 
Tory wards may help Labour 
to power. 

The Chernobyl nuclear di- 
saster could prove more per- 
suasive than. 10,000 leaflets 
for the Scottish Green Party in 
the campaign for Lothian 

Greens have entered 41 
candidates for the election - 
two more than the Conserva- 
tives who ran Lothian with, a 
minority administration. 

“The Chernobyl factor is a 
disguised blessing for ns," Mr 
George Morton, co-ordinator 
of the Party, said yesterday. 
“We are sorry it bad to 
happen, but the Green Party 
world-wide has been wanting 
about just such a disaster. It 
may do us more good than all 
the canvassing and leafleting." 

No one really expects the 
Greens to win many, if any, 
seats on the council but, with 
only a narrow mazgm dividing 
Labour and Conservatives.' a 
few hundred votes could tip 
the balance. 

Mr Keith Geddes, Labour 
oounriOor for Hofyrood St 
Giles ward where the' Greens 
have their headquarters, said: 
“The party most likely to lose 
js Labour.* . . 

“This means* foe Tories 
could keep control and that 
foe Western Relief Road, one 
of the projects the Greens are 

have scored - a spectacular 

Labour, he said, was en- 
couraged but sceptical about a 
recent opinion poll which put 
them firmly ahead with 35 
seats. Other -party workers 
feared that the Green inter- 

vention could have a bad 
impact on their votes. ' 

The mam environmental 
issue on which the Greens are 
campaigning is against the 
Torness Nuclear Power Sta- 
tion, which, as Mr Morton put 
h, lies 25 miles, down an 
easterly wind from the centre 

“If there was a Chernobyl at 
Toraess and an east wind was 
Mowing that day, it would be 
bye-bye Edinburgh- I think 
that people are now more 
aware, of this after foe Russian 
incident," be said. 

* Only the vote wifi prove 
whether the Russian disaster 
has stirred support for the 
environment lobby. So far, the 
party has manajjpri to win 
places only on community 

They are not repres e n te d on 
either ' regional or district 
councils in Lothian. In the 
EEC election, the Lothian 
Green candidate won 2.4 per- 
cent of the vote. 

The party is campaigning 
against -the controversial road 
and power station, and for a 
ban on* cars and commercial 
traffic in Princes Street; Edin- 
burgh, and fluoridizafion of 
the water supply- Mr Mortem 
admitted the Greens were out 
for publicity, and he believed 
Labour would not be foe only 
party to lose votes to the 
environmental lobby. 

“Our members come from a 
pretty broad cross-section, 
much of it fairly unpolitical. 
After alL if you are a political 
careerist, you do not join the 
Green Party. . 

Talks end 
jail ‘lock 
out’ at 

By Craig Setan 
Prison officers ai Gloucester 
Prison, who were stood down 
by their governor a week ago, 
returned to work yesterday 
after talks bet wee n the two 

In a joint statement, Mr 
Nicholas Wafl. foe governor, 
and foe Gloucester branch of 
foe Prison Officers Associa- 
tion (POA) said they had 
agreed to work to redress the 
"regrettable" damage caused 
by ore conflict at foe jail and to 
rti jywmte, wherever identifi- 
able, wasted resources and 


The Gloucester POA, which 
agreed at foe statement to 
accept foe authority of the 
governor, was locked out of 
the jafl by Mr Wafl after its 
members refused to perform 
Grown Court duty and to 
accept remand prisoners from 
courts. •" 

The officers accused Mr 
Wall of allowing anarchy to 
reign at foe prison whenmore 
than 20 inmates climbed onto 
a roof and hurled bricks and 
tiles ai assistant governors and 
senior management who bad 
taken over the running of the 

Mr Bvzon Hughes, chair- 
man of tire Gloucester branch 
of foe POA, saidtbat if the 
dispute over manning levels at 
the jail had continued ft could 
have adversely affected na- 
tional talks between the two 
sides involved in the dispute. 

Bus cuts a 
union says 

Cuts in local bus services of 
up to eight million miles a 
year are likely from October, 
with rural -areas suffering 
most, the Transport and Gen- 
eral Workers' Union says in a 

figures, which show 
that early morning, evening 
and Sunday services will be 
worst affected, were described 
as “disastrous" for the indus- 
try tv Mr Cliff Twort, the 
onion's passenger services 
group secretary. 

"We warned the Govern- 
ment that the transport Act 
would lead to massive cuts in 
bus services. The Govern- 
ment chose to ignore us," Mr 
Twort said. He feared that 
little can ndw be done to 
“mitigate the damage." 

The i%5 transport Act 
regulated bus services out- 
side London, and bus opera- 
tors seeking to nut services 
after “deregulation day" on 
October 26 were obliged to 
“register their services by foe 
end of February. 

The union forecasts came 
from registered figures for 
services presently ran by sub- 
sidiaries of the National Bus 
Company, about one third of 
Britain's bus services. 

Sharp cuts fear, page 4 

Legal threats in St Helens 


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Clash at 
the Royal 

By Michael McCarthy 

Miss Janet Judd, press offi- 
cer of foe Royal Ballet Compa- 
ny for the past 10 years, has 
resigned after what she yester- 
day termed a personality 

She left the company on 
April 25 and told The Times : 
“I think it is fair to say I was 
forced out by circumstances." 

Miss Judd, aged 38. was first 
with foe touring company at 
Sadler's Wells and latterly ax 
Covent Garden. She said her 
resignation came after a dash 
which had gone on for years- 

Miss Judd said she was still 
on excellent terms with the 
retiring director of the compa- 
ny, Mr Norman Morris, and 
Sir John Tooley, the general 
director of the Royal Opera 
House, Covent Garden. 

Mr Morris will be succeeded 
later this year by Anthony 
Dowell foe dancer. 

Labour's municipal election 
campaign in St Helens, on 
Merseyside, is being marred 
by a bitter argument in which 
hard left local officials are 
threatening to sue foe party's 
national executive committee. 

Although overshadowed by 
attempts to expel Liverpool 
Militants and the hard left 
battle to de-select Mr Robert 
Kilroy-Silk, Labour MP for 
foe constituency of Knowsley 
North, St Helens could prove 
to be another embarrassment 
Local hard left officials 
recently launched a fond for 
legal action against the Labour 
national executive decision to 
suspend foe district party and 

the two constituency parties. 

A Labour inquiry into St 
Helens found that local offi- 
cials were, in foe words of a 
confidential interim report, 
“under suspicion of involve- 
ment in attempts to manipu- 
late foe delegations to secure 
their continuation in office”. 
The inquiry team, expected to 
report in June, could recom- 
mend disciplinary action. 

The decision to launch a 
legal fund was taken last 
month at a special local 
election manifesto meeting. A 
circular appealing for ftmds 
referred to “the right of party 
members in St Helens to 
conduct their own affairs and 

r the right to reselect 
their MPs". 

However, on April 14/ Mr 
David. Hughes. Labour’s se- 
nior national officer, wrote to 
three local, officials pointing 
out that the sole purpose of the 
meeting had been to draw up a 
manifesto. “Any other deci- 
sions purporting to have been 
taken ar that" meeting are 
therefore null and void." 

While the dispute is unlike- 
ly to loosen Labour's grip on 
local power, ft could affect Mr 
John. Evans, Labour MP for St 
Helens North, and Mr Gerry 
Benniqghain, Labour MP for 
St Helens South, . who are 
threatened with de-selection. 

Rivals fight for Tory votes 

Mr John Biffen, toe Com- 
mons Leader, spoke yesterday 
of a Labors’ Party renaissance 
as a hectic final period of 

ipaignins! rat an 

the west 
Ryedale by-elections. 

Mr Biffen, the member of 
toe Cabinet who has been most 
outspoken in his war nings 
aboot the Liberal SDP Affi- 
ance, was speaking at 
Matlock, West Derbyshire, 
where both opposition parties 
are claiming to be the chief 
recipients of an nlby ffly 
crumbling Tory vote. 

The Alliance was second to 
the Tories in about 260 seats 
in 1983k radndiHg West Der- 
byshire and Ryedale. Conser- 
vative strategists fear that a 
victory hi either wooM send 
shock waves through the Tory 
parliamentary party. 
Throoghoot both campaigns 
Conservative candidates and 
ministers have remarked on 
the s tr en gth of the Labour 

Mr David Steel, the Liberal 
leader, speaking last night in 
Belper, at t ack e d the “cosy 
cartel" between Labour and 
the Conservatives in trying to 
keep the Alliance out. 

But the remarks of Mr 
Biffen, who has fn foe past 
advised the Government to be 
less “raucous" in an effort to 
coaster the appeal of foe 
Alliance, were andoubtedlj 
welcome in the Labour camp 

He said that Labour was no 

By Philip Webster, Political Reporter 

a dispirited party, as It 
been immediately before 
and after the 1983 election. 
“Labour is going forosgh a 
renaissance and tt would be 
absurd to think otherwise," he 

Echoing a weekend warning 
in a letter to his constituency 
chairman* Mr Biffen said 
Mr Nefl Kin nock had two 
routes into Downing Street — 
either a dear majority or with 
the support of the Alliance in a 
hong Parliament 

The Labour Party, mean- 
while, issued its own canvass 
returns, designed to counter 
those' pot oat by the Affiance 
and cmiming to show tfca» ft 
was steering the Liberal 

The returns suggested that 
Mr Bill Moore, toe Labour 
can di d a te, had raised -2 per- 
cent m a week, with the 
Alliance dropping 4 per ofcnf 
with much of its 29 per cent 
share of the vote “soft". 

Tim liberals codntered by 
prod aring a statement Grom 
Mr Ken Robinson, of 
BakewelL a former Labour 
constituency party chairman, 
urging Laboar sapporters to 
vote for the Alliance “to stop 
Thatcher and Tebbit". 

Mr Richard Holme, a senior 
Liberal . by-election expert, 
predicted about 1J00 votes 
between toe Affiance and the 
Conservatives. ■ 

But foe Affiance was at foe', 
centre of another “dirty. . 
tricks" dispute. It has pat. oat 

a n ew s paper called the West 
Derbyshire Foov. which dees 
net, mdike a similar a 
pobfished in Ryedale, admit to 
being a party newspaper. 

The Tory ca ndi da te , Mr 
Patrick McLosgMia, accused 
the Liberals of “trick poiilics". 
He accused the Liberal candi- 
date, Mr Christopher 
Walmstey, of frying to hide the 
facts behind a simplistic 

Mr Steel who spoke at 
public meetings last night with 
Dr David Owen,, dm SDP 
leader, said that one of the 
most modifying spectacles of 
the two by-electfcms had been 
the sight of the Tories “frying 
to coax some flames, ont or foe 

cold embers of Socialism". . 

He described -tim Govern- 
ment as fcebtc wii* denres- 
sive. “A Misak Mrs Thatcher 
and a depressive Mr TebMt 
are at. sixes. and sevens with 
each Other over Libya and 
general election' tactics," he 
said. The Government had tost 
its way. “It - fat • split and 

Last night Mr. Michael 
Foot, the former. Labour lead- 
er, spoke in Bakeweli and Mr 
Douglas Hard, the Heine 
Secretary, addressed three 
Conservative public meetings. 


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Racial discrimination 
‘adding to heart 
disease among Asians’ 

art centre 
at risk 
over terms 

discri minatio n is 
identified in a report today as 
a likely cause of high -rates of 
heart disease among Asians 
bving in Britain. 

The stress of racism, com- 
bined with low. incomes, poor 
bousing, unemployment and 
poor -working conditions, 
probably takes its toU among 
tbe million Asians in Britain, 
according to a report by the 
Coronary Prevention. Group. 
There was an “urgent need” 
for research on the effects of 
discrimination on the health 
of Asians, it concludes. , . 

Evidence suggested that 

Asians in Britain had a higher 
rate of heart disease than the 
rational average, which was 
one of the highest in the wodd. 

-In a study two years a gn 
mote than twice as 'many' 
Asians as non-Asians were 
admitted .to hospital in Leices- 
ter with heart attacks. Another 
Study in B irmingham showed 
coronary artery disease to be 
more severe m Asians ihwn 
whites and similar evidence 
had emerged from surveys in 

.The high rales of heart 

disease could not be folly 
explained by . “classic” risk 

Paperwork puts most 

die Home Office designed ‘to 
cut tbe amomt of farm -fining. 

Sergeant Dave Mytttm, 
branch chairman of West 

pressure on police 

Paperwork is the nwtn 
rause of stress among police 
officers, according <n » medial 
survey conducted in the West 
Mid l an ds force. 

Police interviewed by a re- 
searcher about pressures at 
work listed it above seeing, a 
mutilated body, witnessing a 
post mortem examination on a 
child, confronting a person 
with a weapon, dealing with a 
public disorder, or. preparing 
for an interview for promotion. 

Now their senior officers 

have begun a joint project with 

factors such - as * smoking, 
raised blood pressure or blood 
‘cholesterol, the report by med- 
ical researchers says. 

• “It may perhaps be that 
cunent observed rates of coro- ' j 
nary bean disease represent 
the tip of a future iceberg 
adding to the urgent need for 
effective preventive 
.strategies” it -says. 

“Asian communities suffer 
‘from racism, divided famnfcs , 
inequalities . in employment, 
housing, education, welfare 
and health care.” 

The only way heart disease 
and stress-related disease 
could be attacked effectively 
was by achieving equality of 
Opportunity in all fields of 
daily life, tbe report says, “if 
we are to prevent heart disease 
we wil] need more than just 
the removal of the non- 
medical risks.” 

For most new immigrants 
the experience of moving to 
Britain was as 

By Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room 
. Correspondent 
The establishment of a gal- 
lery of Victorian art, with an 
associated study centre, in St 
John’s Lodgp, one of the most 
beautiful buddings in Regent's 
Park, London, is in the 
balance as Mr Frederick Koch 
and Westminster Council ar- 
gue over terms. 

Qne of four sons of a Kansas 
oD millionaire. Mr Koch is 
counted among America's su- 
per rich. He has been quietly 
putting together a collection of 
late nineteenth century pic- 
tures for some years. It em- 
braces both high Victorian art, 
by such masters as Lord 
Leighton, Poymer and Alma- 
Tadema and their equivalents 
France, affectionately 


sstessrs* 3SK2S 

“Confronting a suspect with population. 

a weapon or rf^Kag with a 
public disoriksr ls part of their 
work, and they accept that,” 
be Saul. 

Coronary Heart Disease and 
Asians in Britain (Confedera- 
tion of Indian Organizations. 
5/5 A Westminster Bridge Road, 
London SE1, £1.50X 

known as Les Pompiers, or 
firemen, because of the simi- 
larity between firemen's hel- 
mets and those of the classical 
gods they loved to depict 
Mr Koch's dream is to 
establish his collection in Re- 
nts Park, making it a focus 
r the study of Victorian art, 
just as the Frick Collection is a 
focus for the study of French 
eighteenth century art in New 

Mr Koch would leave the 
exterior of the lodge un- 
changed but his plans to re- 
vamp tbe interior in high 
Victorian style have nm into 

in bomb trial 

opposition in heritage circles. 
The i 

Hospital seeks 
doctors from 
the Continent 

An attempt to overcome the 
acute shortage of doctors is 
being made in an unusual 
fashion by one enterprising 
hospiiaLTo maintain services 
it has derided to advertise for 
English - speaking doctors in 
The Netherlands and 


Although the money is there 
to employ them, the Coventry 
and Warwick Hospital. - a 
trauma and orthopaedic hos- 
pital - has been reduced to 
employing 22 local GPs, on a 
part -time basis, to keep 
services going. 

The doctors, who assist with 
one of the busiest accident 
departments in tbe Midland 
area and help to keep it open 
24 hours a day. are paid the 
basic £32 for a 3 Vi-hour shift. 
Mrs Pat Richards, the assis- 
tant administrator at the hos- 
pital. explained: “We are 
going to advertise for English - 
speaking doctors in Holland 
and Germany and the adver- 

school diet 

By Stewart Tendler 
Crime Reporter 

Patnck Magee, accused of 
planting the Grand Hotel 
bomb at Brighton two years 
ago during the Conservative 
Party conference, goes on trial 
today at the Central Criminal 
Court on eight charges, includ- 
ing the murder of five people 
in the blast 

Court and inside tbe building 
housing court number two 
where the trial is to be held. 

It will be heard before Mr 
Justice Boreham. Mr Roy 
Amlot will appear for the 
prosecution and Mr Richard 
Ferguson, QC for Mr Magee. 
Three other QCs are among 
counsel Tot the other 
defendents. • 

Six others will go on trial 
with Mr Magee, charged in 
connection with an alleged 
plot to bomb targets in Lon- 
don and in British seaside 
resorts last summer. 

Strict police security^ is ex- 
at the Central Criminal 


Mr Magee, aged 34, is 
charged with placing a time 
delay explosive device in the 
Grand Hotel between Septem- 
ber 14 and 18 1984 with intent 
to cause an explosion. He is 
also charged with causing an 
explosion at the hotel on 
October 12 and the minders of 

Sir Anthony Barry, Mrs 
Jeanne Shattock, Mr. Eric 
Taylor, Mrs Anne Wakeham 
and Mrs Muriel McLean. 

Mr Magee is further charged 
with conspiring to cause ex- 
plosions between January and 
1 une .23 last year with Gerald 
Patrick McDonnell, aged 34, 
Peter John Joseph Sherry, 
aged 30. Martina Elizabeth 
Anderson, aged 26, Ella 
O Dwyer, aged 26, and Do rial 
Dominic Craig, aged 28. 

Shaun McShane, aged 32, is 
charged with aiding and abet- 
ting Mr Magee, Mr McDon- 
nell Miss Anderson and Miss 
ODwyer to commit a crime 




By Richard Ford 

A prison chaplain and his 
family escaped injury yester- 
day when their home was 
attacked with automatic gonr 
fire and petrol bombs as ihey 
slept upstairs. Later petrol 
bombs were thrown at the 
home of a prison officer living 
near by but no one was hurt. 

Police suspect that the two 
attacks in a mixed area of 
north Belfast were carried out 
by the same “loyalist” 

The Rev Robert Russell, a 
Methodist minister, his wife 
and three children aged be- 
tween six and 13 were woken 
by the sound of gunfire. 

He said: “If we had not 
heard the shots we would have 
been burnt in our beds. One 
penetrated right into the 
lounge and four or five others 
hit the wall at the front of tbe 

Mr RusseU, a chaplain at 
the Crumlin Road jail in 
Belfast, said he bad no idea 
why be should be attacked. 

In Portadown, Co Armagh, 
thousands of loyalists paraded 
peacefully before attending a 
religious service. There was a 
heavy police and army pres- 
ence to prevent any attempt 
by loyalists to march into 
predominantly Roman Catho- 
lic areas- 

Unionist sput, page 4 

Holiday break 

More than 40,000 members 
of the breakaway Nottingham- 

shire-based Union of Demo- 
cratic Mineworkers are to get 
cut-price sunshine holidays in 
a deaT worked out between 
union leaders and tour 

Victims’ parents 
reach Land’s End 

Die parents of the four 
schoolboy victims of the 
Land's Ehd tragedy wept yes- 
terday when they reached the 
spot , where their- sons were 
drowned a year aga 

The parents, with about 40 
relatives and friends, had 
walked 375 miles to the rocks 
from where the children were 
swept away. Their aim was to 
raise more than £50,000 to- 
wards the cost of a . new 
lifeboat. . 

Watched by a crowd of 
about IOQ, a Trinity House 
helicopter swooped row over 
the sea to drop four daffodils. 

Tbe parents later appealed 
to Britain's biggest companies 
to contribute the remainder of 
the £480,00 cost of tbe lifeboat . 
for Sennen Cove near by. 

Mrs Rita Lamden, whose 
son Ricci, aged 1 1 , was 
drowned, said: “It's all very 
well walking here but when 
you arrive it suddenly all 
comes back to you. 

“There were times when ft 
had been raining all day and 
we hadn't raised much money 
when we asked ourselves if it 
was all worthwhile. • 

“We literally had to hold 
each other up- But determina- 
tion saw us through the pain 
barrier. We have gone through 
an awful lot of pain and an 
awful lot of suffering to get 

Mr John Hurst, who lost his 
son, Nicholas, aged 10, said: 
“We haven't got the resources 
of Bob Geldof or the razzma- 
tazz of Ian Botham; We are 
just ordinary mums and dads 
doing the best we can for our 
lads. Emotions are running 
very high”. 

Robert Ankers, aged 12, and 
James Holloway, aged 1 1 , also 
drowned in the tragedy on 
May 6 last year. 

The families are all from 
Stoke ' Pages, Buckingham- 
shire, where the walk began oh 
April 18. 

Race bias complaint 
against Sun rejected 

original villa was built 
m the centre of the park, 
between 1817 and 1819. It was 
added to by Dectinus Burton 
in 1833 and Charles Barry in 
1846. Tbe plans for tbe interi- 
or, put forward by Mr Koch 
two years asp, were rejected by 
the. old GLC Historic Build- 
ings Division. Since April 1 
English Heritage, and their 
new London advisory com- 
mittee, have taken over re- 
sponsibility for the building. 
They are actively seeking a 
compromise solution which 
would modify Mr Koch's 
plans for the interior, to meet 
conservation requirements. 

The secrecy which has hith- 
erto surrounded Mr Koch's 
collection makes it difficult to 
judge its importance to Brit- 
ain. He spent £561,000 at 
Christies in 1983 on James 
Tissot's “The Garden Bench”, 
then an auction record price 
for a Victorian painting. He 
also purchased a huge profes- 
sional picture by Lord Leigh- 
ton, “The Syracusan Bride,” 
from the Christopher Wood 
Gallery. _ . \. 

He is rumoured to have 
been the purchaser of Guido 
Reni's “David with the Head 
of Goliath” for £2.2 million at 
Sotheby’s last year, a picture 
which is now on loan to the 
National Gallery. He has 
bought expensive French 
ratings in the United States 
artists such as Bouguereau. 
He is reputedly threatening to 
take the whole collection out 
of the country if tbe St John's 
Lodge scheme does not go 

Lord Mansfield, the First 
Crown Estate Commissioner, 
yesterday denied any sugges- 
tion that his commission is 
involved in a secret deal with 
Lord Montague and the En- 
glish Heritage, to allow an 
American multi-millionaire 
drastically to alter the interi- 
ors of Si John's Lodge so it can 
be turned into an art gallery. 

“There is no question of any 
unholy alliance between Lord 
Montague and tbe Crown 
Estate Commissioners to 
make a deal,” Lord; Mansfield 
said. - 

Princess Anne admiring the model of a Suffolk horse which 
was presented to her when she visited the Woodbridge 
Horse Show at the Suffolk showground, Ipswich, yesterday. 
(Photograph: Suresh Karadia). 

Device will limit 
speed of coaches 

By Our Transport Editor 

An electronic device to limit coaches, limiting their motor- 

the speed of coaches has been 
developed by a British compa- 
ny following tbe M6 coach 
crash in which 13 people were 
killed last year. 

It controls speed to within 
Imph each side of the speed 

After the M6 crash, near 
Preston last October, the De- 
partment of Transport pro- 
posed compulsory 

mechanisms on all high-speed 

way speed to the legal maxi- 
mum of 70m ph from next 

Tbe new mechanism takes 
over acceleration control as 
the vehicle approaches 
70mph. According to 
Econocruise, the Rugby-based 
manufacturers, it does so 
without the errors and jerky 
movements that have brought 
criticism of previous speed 

A campaign to improve the 
quality of school meals in the 
wake o£a government survey 
which showed that more pu- 
pils were eating “junk food” in 
their lunch break seems to be 
rking in the London Bor- 
ough of Haringey. 

The School Meals Cam- 
paign, which was started last 
year in tbe borough by par- 
ents, teachers and catering 
staff, called for a more varied 
menu to cater for the many 

flnldrm from ethnic wunmnni - 

ties, to include vegetarian 
dishes, samosas and curries. It 
brought about the introduction 
of more fresh fruits, pulses, 
low-fat produce and 
wholemeal Doer products. 

Airport groups’ role 

The rofe of consultative 
committees at -Britain's main 
airports should be set out in 
tbe Airports Bill now before 
..Parliament, Mr Robin Clarke, 
of the Gatwick Airport Con- 
sultative Committee, said 

The independent body is 
made up of representatives of 

22 local authorities, chambers 
of commerce, travel agents 
and passengers. 

The Bill, intended to priva- 
tize the British Airports Au- 
thority, requires facilities to be 
provided for consultation but 
not necessarily in the form of | 
consultative committees. 

A report published today by 
tire Haringey Women's Em- 
ployment Project and the Lon- 
don Food Commission shows 
a significant increase in the 
number of cfaOdren now taking 
school meals in the borough, 
where it is said they are well 
above the national average in 
providing a healthy diet 

Tbe Haringey report comes 
in the wake of a DHSS survey 
last month which showed that 
children ate more crisps, chips 
and biscuits during their lunch 
break following abolition of 
nutrition standards and price 
controls on school meals in the 
1980 Education Act 

About 67 per cent of chil- 
dren in Haringey's schools 
now eat school dinners com- 
pared with tbe national aver- 
age of 51 per cent. 

It was not wrong of The Sun 
to say that gangs who attacked 
two London -firemen were 
blade, the Press Council said 
in an adjudication today. 

Previous attacks on firemen 
during civil disorder and riot- 
ing made ft relevant to report 
tbe colour or race of tbe gangs, 
it said. The council also 
rejected a complaint that a 
leading article over-simplified 
the causes of racial tension. 

report in 
that a fireman was seriously in 
after being beaten uncon- 
scious by three black thugs. 

Eight days fader it reported 
that a fireman was slabbed by 
black youths: 

On tbe same day an extend- 
ed comment column argued 
that there was black racism. 
When The Sun mentioned 
that a criminal was black there 
was a host of protest but there 
was no complaint if it said be 
was white; the leader said. . 

Tbe council said that it bad 
repeatedly ruled that newspa- 
pers were fine to be partisan in 
their editorial views and read- 
ers were free lo agree or 

“There is no plan to vandal- 
ize or modernize the building, 
or in any way detract from its 
architectural significance.” 

Lord Mansfield also denied 
arty suggestion that Mr Koch 
will be given a “free nm of the 
house” in his plans. 

Lord Mansfield said the 
Crown Estate Commissioners 
want a tenant who will “imagi- 
natively and sympathetically 
restore tbe dilapidated 

Conservationists who op- 
pose the scheme, say that Mr 
Koch has made it clear be will 
remove his art collection from 
Britain if he is not allowed his 
way in Si John's Lodge. 

Judge defends ‘page three’ pictures 

Prostitution and ,.^6,- 
three” girls were the subjects 
chosen by a senior circuit 
judge yesterday on the first of 
two BBC radio programmes 
called On Being d Judge 

judge Pickles, aged 61* 
refuelled controversy over 
judges taking part in public 
debate when be interviewed a 
Leeds prostitute and discussed 
the merits ofthe “page three 
topless models. . 

He maintained that judges 
should not be as “monasacal- 
Jy remote" as theyiave been 
in the pasL 

Judgp Pickles has said he 
was threatened with dismissal 
by the Lord Chancellor, Loro 
Hailsham of St Maryiebone, 
over an article he wrote m a 

newspaper teiy&U*™* 
considered to be m breach oi 
the Kjlmuir rules, formulated 
in 1955 to keep the judiciaiy 
insulated from controversies 
of the day. 

Transcripis of yesterdays 
programme, and the second 

Judge Picldes visited tbe red 

light area of Cbapeftown, 
Leeds, for the radio pn> 

<w- ' “ V 

Judge Pickles: refaelimg 
old controversy 

next Monday, are expected to 
be studied by Lord HaiJsfaam. 

In yesterday'^ programme 
Judge Pickles, who sits on the 
northern circuit, said: “A 

judge works for tbe public and 
has a responsibility 

to’ the 

public and ought to be amena- 
ble jo the media to explain 
what he is doing and why be is 
doing it* 

gramme and dratted to a 
prostitute called Joan. 

He said there was a certain 
amount of hypocrisy about 
the pamissive society because 
prostitution itself was not a 
crime but girls were charged 
with an offence if they were 
found soliciting in public. _ 
“There should be a debate 
about whether we ought to 
consider accepting that it has 
gone on, and always will go 
on, and regulating it,” ire said. 

“If we had licensed brothels 
then girls could be inspected, 
they would not be in tbe hands 
of ramps, and they would not 
be so inclined to gel involved 
in drugs and stealing from 

Judge Pickles asked Joan 
bow many men she had “on a 
good evening” 

She replied 10 or 12 at 
n £10 and £15 a time. 

She also told the judge she 
owed £700 m fines. 

“The only way you can pay 
that off is to keep on the 
game?” the judge asked. Joan 
replied "Yes” 

The judge said: “While tbe 
law is there, . ft has to be 
enforced I suppose. The ques- 
tion is whether the law should 
be changed. 

“One has to accept there are 
men who have a real need and 
are. prepared to pay for il 
T here are women who are 
prepared to be paid. I regard it 
as a sordid, degrading trade, 
but it is. there.” 

The judge debated the issue 
of newspaper nudes with Clare 
Short, Labour MP for 
Ladywood, Birmingham, who 
'tried unsuccessfully to ban 
publication of provocative 

Looking at a “page three” 
newspaper photograph of a 
topless women, the judge said: 
“To ban -this sort of photo- 
graph is to me an imnecesary 
recursion into individual 
freedom.” He did not believe 
the pictures caused rape. - 

Family of 
five dies 
in fire 

A family of five died and 18 
people were left homeless 
yesterday when fire raged 
through a block of council 
maisonettes. The victims in- 
cluded two girls, aged five ami 
three, and their brother aged 
three months. 

The bodies of Clare and 
Emma Russell were found 
beside their father Mr Tony 
Russell aged 25. a garage 
mechanic. Mrs Pauline Rus- 
sell, aged 23, was found with 
Anthony, the baby, in her 

Five families were made 
homeless as the blaze spread 
through the block of 12 mai- 
sonettes at Norwich Walk, 
Pitsea, Essex. Three other 
homes were destroyed and 
two more badly damaged. 

The ferocity of the blaze 
shocked fire-fighters and the 
Home Office immediately be- 
gan an investigation. Police 
said there was no suggestion it 
had been started deliberately. 

The five victims are thought 
to have died within minutes. 
Police Supt Alan Gilling said: 
“They didn't stand a chance. 
The heat and smoke was so 
intense there was no possibili- 
ty of any rescue.” 

Mr Peter Baker, a neigh- 
bour, said: “The place was like 
a blazing furnace from top to 

Mr Gary Cox, who lived 
above the RusseUs, said: “We 
were out within a couple of 
minutes. Our home was al- 
ready on fire as we went out of 
the door. The whole place just 
went up like a fireball.” 








' W i f ft o err c n m jj f ah e n -s f v e loiiti 

to help you spread the risL 

tisemems have already gone 
off I am not sure when they 
are due to appear. 

“We have been using four 
or five regular GPs. with 
another 15 coming in when 
they are able, at irregular 
intervals. The doctor shortage 
in Briiaia is nationwide. 
Though, so far as I know, no 
other hospital has advertised 
in either Holland or Germany, 
we decided to do so because 
we understand that in those 
countries doctors have an 
employment problem 

“It is not a question of 
money or government cuts. 
The money is here and wait- 
ing, but we just can't get the 
doctors coming through inside 
Britain. I think it all be^an 
when we stopped using foreign 
doctors, because it was fell we 
were training too many from 
overseas. If we weren't using 
these GPs we couldn't main- 
tain a 24 - hour service.” 


• a 






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* • • 

• • • • 

• * 

• • 



The biggest Conservative 
advantage in the Vest Derby- 
shire by-election is that no- 
body is snre what is 

for Ulster 

The Unionist parlies in 
Northern Ireland are prepar- 
ing for talks with ihe Govern- 
ment deeply divided on 
strategy and on iheir ultimate 
objective for the future of the 

Leading figures in both the 
Official Unionist and Demo- 
cratic Unionist parties, along 
with some officials and gov- 
ernment ministers, are pessi- 
mistic about the present effort 
to break the political 

Attempts are being made to 
arrange talks to establish a 
framework where proper ne- 
gotiations about the future of 
the North can begin. But there 
arc fears that these will end in 
failure leading the province to 

By Richard Ford 
a violent marching season. 

The Government is con- 
cerned that Mr James 
Molyneaux and the Rev Ian 
Paisley, the Unionist party 
leaders, intend to be involved 
in the -talks about talks" 
believing that if they fail the 
politicians' already weakened 
authority will diminish still 

The Unionist parties are 
divided over their ultimate 
aim. The Official Unionists 
are split between integration 
and devolution wings, with its 
leaders strongly backing inte- 
gration. Although no West- 
minster Government has ever 
been prepared to offer full 
integration in the province 
where an estimated 36 per- 

Irish back divorce 

plan, poll shows 

An opinion poll in the Irish 
Republic has shown wide- 
spread support for the 
Government's plan to hold a 
referendum removing the con- 
stitutional ban on divorce. 

The first poll since the 
proposals were announced dis- 
closes that 57 per cent of those 
questioned back The amend- 
ment with majority support in 
ail four regions of the country. 

Dr Garret FitzGerald, die 
Prime Minister, welcomed the 
widespread backing for the 
plan which will insert into the 
constitution a proposal allow- 
ing divorce on the basis of the 
irretrievable breakdown cf 
marriage, bat only after a 
couple have been separated for 
five years. 

The poll shows that 36 per 

cent are opposed to the pro- 
posal but only 7 per cent 
undecided. Published in 
yesterday's Irish Times, it 
shows that the highest support 
is in Dublin where the figure 
was 67 per cent and among the 
18-34 age range and the 
middle classes. 

Within the political parties. 
66 per cent of Fine Gael. 54- 
per cent of Labour and 49 per 
cent of Fianna Faii. which is 
taking a neutral stance on the 
issue, support the proposals. 

Legislation for the referen- 
dum is expected to be Intro- 
duced into the Dail later this 
month and campaigning 
groups are getting organised. 

Both sides have expressed 
hopes that the tone of the 
debate will not be divisive 

cent arc Roman Catholics, 
ihe idea is strongly supported 
by Mr Molyneaux and bis 
colleague Mr Enoch PowelL 

Several OUP figures have 
been tempted by suggestions 
that a grand committee at 
Westminster would be set up 
along with some sort of assem- 
bly in the North. The grand 
committee would end the 
present system of legislating 
for the North which is carried 
out through an Order in 
Council followed by a 90 
minute debate in the Com- 
mons during which no amend- 
ments are accepted. 

The party is to make a 
detailed examination of the 
integration option which is 
welcomed by many because it 
avoids tiie much more contro- 
versial issue of any form of 
partnership administration 
with the Social Democratic 
and Labour parties. However, 
some supporters of devolution 
are supporting the present 
study into integration in the 
hope that the British Govern- 
ment will finally and publicly 
rule it out as a way forward 
and so force the party to 
confront the issue of reaching 
agreement with constituional 
nationalism on some form of 
government for the North. 

The devolutionisis and 
leading figures in the Demo- 
cratic Unionist party view the 
idea of a grand committee as 
little more that a sop. believ- 
ing it leaves the North under 
the control of a Westminster 
Parliament that has already 
betrayed them by signing the 
Anglo Irish agreement. As one 
Democratic Unionist politi- 
cian said; -Westminster did 
not give us integration in 1920 
or in 1972 and it is obvious 
they will not do it again." 

Coxswain Ron Cannon at the helm of the Ramsgate Enterprise, with two members of 
his crew. Photograph: Tim Bishop 

If the electorate knew 
whether the Conservative can- 
didate couM best be beaten by 
voting for Lahow or the 
Alliance then I think he would 
probably be defeated. But so 
long as there is ancertainty on 
this point he enjoys the benefit 
of a divided opposition and 
there is no obvious home for 
the tactical voter. 

The confusion comes not 
only from the opinion polls, 
which up to now have put the 
Alliance and Labour candi- 
dates so dose together, but 
also from the very nature of 
the constituency. It is Eke 
Bream and Radnor, which 
proved to be such a nightmare 
for the pollsters. It covers a 
large area of beautiful country- 
side with a number of towns 
and many small villages, each 
with their own distinctive 

The Conservatives are inev- 
itably on the defensive. To lose 
a seat where they had 60 per- 
cent of the vote in 1983 would 
be a severe blow, even in a 
mid-term by-election* 

Geoffrey Smith 

Coxswain’s bravery award 

By Mark Dowd 

The coxswain of the lifeboat 
Ramsgate Enterprise. Mr Ron 
Cannon, is to be awarded a 
silver medal for gallantry by 
the Royal National Lifeboat 
Institution for helping to to 
save seven people on board a 
French trawler. 

nights I have been out in. 
There was a force 12 gale 
blowing. You can imagine it. 
on Boxing Day of all days at 
half past seven in the evening 
with everyone relaxing and 
then we were thrown into 

was one of seven crew on 
board the lifeboat. He ex- 
plained that in normal cir- 
cumstances a crew of five 
would be enough. On this 
occasion the hostility of the 
elements made the extra crew 

Mr Cannon has been a crew 
member at Ramsgate for the 
last 22 years and coxswain for 
the last 10. He will receive the 
award from the Duke of Kent, 
president of the RNLI, on 
May 13. 

Recalling last December's 
rescue, Mr Cannon said: “It 
was one of the most atrocious 

The trawler had set off from 
Boulogne earlier in the day 
and, coming up against impos- 
sible conditions, drifted two 
miles off course into Sandwich 
Bay. It was then that the two- 
hour rescue operation was 
launched on the instruction of 
Captain Jeff Greaves, the 
assistant harbour master. 

Mr Cannon, aged 40 and 
married with two children. 

When asked about his reac- 
tion to the award, he said he 
was accepting the medal on 
behalf of the whole team. “As 
far as 1 know," he said, “the 
last time anyone from the 
Ramsgate crew received a 
silver medal was in 1916." 

•Two yachts, carrying English 
holidaymakers, were taken to 
safety in Guernsey by Channel 
Island lifeboats yesterday. 

mm M 

Instant access. 
No penalties. 

The timing is difficult lor 
them, but it might have been 
much worse. A week or fort- 
night ago the contest might 
have beat dominated by the 
Libyan bombing Now that 
issue is fading and anxiety 
over the nuclear catastrophe 
has not crystallized into a 
party political question. 

The real challenge to the 
Conservatives comes on more 
mundane topics like schools, 
hospitals, bus services and 
pensions. Perhaps above aD on 
education, which makes it all 
the more surprising that Mr 
Patrick McLooghlin docked 
out of a joint meeting with the 
other candidates arranged by 
the National Union of Teach- 
ers on Saturday. 

His replacement, Mrs Ed- 
wiaa Currie, Sir Keith 
Joseph's Parliamentary Pri- 
vate Secretary, gave a spirited 
performance before a hostile 
audience. But she could never 
overcome the stigma of being 
the stand-in for a man who 
could and should have bees 

lack confidence in its own 
candidate, bow can it expea 
the electorate to have more? 

The party with the most Co 
gain h the Alliance. It desper- 
ately needs a victory to erase 
the memory of Fulham. So 
perhaps it is appropriate that 
the Liberal, Mr Christopher 
Walmsley. should be the 
bonneiest of the candidates. I 
have rarely seen a politician 
take more evident enjoyment 
in canvassing, as he swoops 
heartily on any unsuspecting 

The Labour approach may 
in some respects be more 
constructive. Mr Bill Moore 
takes pleasure in patiently 
explaining policy, especially in 
the social field. 

On Sunday afternoon, how- 
ever, a concert was given in 
support of Labour by Billy 
Bragg, the rock singer. As a 
means of involving young peo- 
ple in politics it seemed to me 
quite effective; the concert was 
followed by a serious question- 
and-answer session. 

But there was an ugly strain 
of anti-Americanism running 
through his comments during 
the concert going beyond 
disapproval of a government to 
contempt for a people. If the 
same remarks had been made 
of blacks or Russians there 
would have been a justified 
shudder of horror throughout 
the hafi. 

I put the Mame not upon Mr 
McLooghlin himself, but upon 
the party managers. This is 
not the first time that they 
have been over protective of 
the Conservative randtHatP in 
recent by-elections. 

Mr McLooghlin is not the 
most persuasive campaigner 1 
have heard on the doorsteps, 
but be is pleasant and rigorous 
and would surely have done 
more to further his cause by 
his presence than by his 
absence, if a party seems to 

Mr Moore himself was not 
guilty of such conduct and I 
am not suggesting that it will 
lose votes for Labour, but it 
does disfigure a campaign. 

Mr Moore stands distinctly 
to the left of official Labour 
policy on defence. He speaks 
favourably of getting rid of all 
American bases, conventional 
as well as nuclear, and is 
equivocal about NATO. But I 
suspect what wQ] matter more 
in West Derbyshire will be the 
notably friendly atmosphere 
that generally characterizes 
the Labour campaign. 

None the less, the Conserva- 
tive must remain the favourite 
so long as be continnes to 
enjoy the 1 marry of such an 
evenly divided opposition. 

All change on the buses:2 

Sharp cuts feared in 
the costlier services 

Preliminary analysis by 
Britain's biggest bus operator. 
National Bus, suggests that, 
without subsidy, deregulation 
later this year will lead to 
sharp cots m rural, weekend 
and off-peak services, Michael 
BaOy, Transport Editor , 
writes. Local authorities are 
seeing bow far they can sup- 
port seirices that wonld other- 
wise disappear. 

The interest rates on Abbey 
National's Five Star Account start 
high and rise automatically the 
more you invest - right up to our 
top rate of 8.50% . You get Five Star 
interest on all the money in your 
account, yet access is instant. You 
can withdraw up to £250 in cash or 
£15,000 by cheque each day from 
any Abbey National branch with 
no loss of interest, no penalty 

charges and no notice. 
If vour money now 

If your money now earns less, 
move it up to Five Star interest at 
any Abbey National office. Or post 
the coupon. 

To: Dept FS7, Abbey NattonalBuikfirig FREEPOST, 

201 Grafton Gate East. MILTON KEYNES MK9 IDA. 
I/We would like Five Star treatment for my/our money 
| and apply immediately, enclosing a cheque for 

£ to be invested in a Five Star Account at 

I my/our local branch 

An early indication of what 
ran be expected after deregula- 
tion comes from National 
Bus, soon to be broken up and 
privatized as part of a drive by 
Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secretary 
of State for Transport, for 
more competition and 

National Bus, with every 
other established operator, 
was invited to register services 
it wished to operate without 
subsidy from October. The 
changes are shown in the 
following table. 

Without subsidy. National 
Bus will operate a modestly 
reduced network, but there 
will be a bigger reduction in 
conventionalbus services and 
a very big increase in minibus- 
es. The decline will be much 
greater in rural areas and at 
off-peak times, with over half 
of Sunday services cut 

To say the surplus services 
will disappear is not correct, 
because the next stage of the 
deregulaiory process, now tak- 
ing place, is for local authori- 

ties to assess what services are 
needed beyond the commer- 
cial base network, and to put 
such subsidized services out to 

The outcome will depend 
on several factorsabove alt 
how much money’ local au- 
thorities are prepared to put 
into keeping loss-making bus 
services going and how much 
cheaper subsidies will become 
as a result of competitive 

Mr Ridley expects bus costs 
to fall by up to 40 per cent as a 
result of competition, and 
indeed there are indications 
that busmen are prepared to 
take smaller wage rises and cut 

National Bib Registered 

Total bus mileage 
Conventional mile 
Minftws mileage 
Urban mileage 
Rural mileage 
Daytime weekday 

Eany morning 
Evening mileage 
Sunday mileage 






- 8 . 8 % 




out restrictive practices in the 
brave new world confronting 

Even if costs were to fall by 
that amount, the effect will be 
balanced on loss-making 
routes by the disappearance of 
internal cross-subsidies prac- 
tised by bus companies since 
the 1930s. 

Tomorrow: Age of the 


| Please send full details and an application card. I/We 

j understand the rates might vary* 
j 1/We understand that the interest wiQ be credited annually j 

| on 1st September to this account. ® 


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the run-off in Austria 


^ -•••- .„?? >.;•* 

run - v 

of either Dr 
or his rival, 
the Socialist, Dr Kurt Steyrer; 
to win the necessary 50 per 
rent of the votes in Sunday’s 
Austrian presidential election 
and so avoid a second run-off 
kfJJS , V n « ,ve both 

candidates’ campaign manag- 
ers an anxious few weeks. The 
run-off is likely to be held on 

AMough the Socialists can 


tne narrow margin of 16 746 
votes must have induced shiv- 
ers in many of their senior 

In particular, the lamenta- 
ble performance of Dr Steyrer 
in several traditionally Social- 
ist strongholds in working- 
class districts of Vienna and 
Styrian iron and steel towns 
has emphasized how colour- 
less his campaign has been. 

Dr Steyrer wiD have to work 
hard to recover these votes 
and those who woiild like to 
see him as the next President 
of Austria are desperately 
hoping that his campaign 
manager will sharpen his rath- 
er lacklustre image. 

The Socialists are also hop- 

ing that they will profit from 
the votes for Frau Freda 
Meissner-Blau.- the indepen- 
dent candidate who polled an 
impressive 5J per cent Al- 
though not an official. 
. Greet? candidate, sheis a 
staunch anti-nucfearist arid m 
wake of the. Chernobyl 
disaster she captured the 
^Srcen vote in Austria’s 

lory on June 8. Even without-' 
any votes from the .Scrinzi dr 
Meissner-Blau supporters. Dr 
Waldheim has a 6 per cent 
lead over his rival 

15 dead 

From Rasit Gurdilek 


None the less, the conserve 


Kurt Waldheim . 
Kurt Steyrer 

Otto Scrinzi 

Vote® % 
2£43£27 4&6 
2.060,652 43J 
259,448 5L5 
56 £18 1-2 

cannot relish the prospect of 
-five more weeks or campaign- 
ing. Its leader. Dr Alois Mock, 
has called for the run-off to he 
held two weeks earlier on May 

Waiting in feope ansi despair (from left): Mrs Nndel, Dr Ratnshinskaya, the Bogomolnys and Mr M^garik. 

No way out for wretched ‘refuseniks’ 

By Caroline Moo rehead 

westernmost provinces. She is 
not eligible for the run-off, 

_ The Socialist Chancellor, 
Dr Fred Sinowatz’s lack of 
direction in energy policy has 
long infuriated environmen- 
talists. But those who voted 
for Frau Meissner-Blau are 
most likely, if not wooed by 
Dr Waldheim over the next 
few weeks, to “vote- White” as 
it is called here and abstain. 

Dr Otto Scrinzi, the right- 
wing nationalist candidate's 
lew supporters will most likely . 
rally to Dr Waldheim and so 
theoretically ensure his vio-.- 

Dr Herbert Steinmauer, Dr 
Waldheim’s campaign manag- 
er, told 77? e Times that the 
next few weeks would , see Dr 
Waldheim visiting those areas 
where his support had proved 
to be less solid than imagined 
althougb he would also visit < 

pans of Austria where the vote 
for .him bad been more 

favourable than expected. 

Israel weighs case 
against Waldheim 

Supporters of both candi- I 
dates claimed yesterday that 1 
the allegations of the World 
Jewish Congress accusing Dr 
Waldheim of beirtg involved 
with Nazi atrocities, had had 
the opposite effect to that 
intended and that Dr Wald- 
heim had profited from the 
adverse publicity. 

- No one has any precise idea 
' of just bow many U refuseniks'' 

— people applying to leave the 
Soviet Union for Israel and 
.being ^refused** an exit visa — 
are being held in prison. 

No one even knows bow 
many wish to leave the conn- 
fry. The figure of 300,000 is 
Quoted by groups campaigning 
on their behaff with a Quarter 
. of a million already gone. 
Many babies are now bemg 
born “in refusal”. 

But what is dear is that the 
release of Mr Anatoly 
Shcbaransky, the human 
rights campaigner, did not 
-produce the mud) hoped for 
mass exodus. On the contrary, 
the numbers of exit visas 
granted by the Soviet authori- 
ties have been declining sharp- 
ly since 1981. 

In 1979 about 51,300 Soviet 

Jews were allowed to emigrate; 

in 1985 only 1,140 left By 
March this year, the trickle 
was down to 47, 
Imprisonment, on different 
charges, is randomly handed 
out. At least 30 refuseniks are 




Soviet Union 

actually known to be in deten- 
tion, faint there are certainly 
many more in jaiL 
It is the teachers of Hebrew 
who are being singled out for 
special attention by the au- 
thorities. Alexei Magarik is a 
28-year-old Hebrew teacher 
and cellist who has taken part 
in Various Jewish mus ical 
groups specializing in Hasidic 
and modern Israeli songs. 

In 1983, after his father and 
sister were allowed to emigrate 
to Israel, he and his wife, 
Natalia, applied for exit visas. 

Seven ’ weeks ago. Mr 
Magarik was arrestedat Tbili- 
si airport as he was on bis way 
back to Moscow with a friend. 
Officials searched his bags 
and produced a cigarette box 
allegedly containing drugs. 

He said he had never seen 
the box before but is now in 
Tbilisi prison on charges of 
“possessing drugs without in- 
tention of distributing them”. 
No trial date has been set. 

For others, there is a more 
ranted form of perpetual re- 
striction on movement. Mrs 
Ida Nndel has been waiting to 
emigrate for 15 years. She is a 
55-year-old economist and her 
only relative is a sister already 
in Israel. She served a four- 
year sentence of internal exile 

in 1978 for “malicions 

Even so, her wait is not 
remarkable. Veniamin and 
Tanya Bogomolny, respective- 1 
jy a physiotherapist and an 
interpreter, first applied to 
join his family in Israel more 
than 20 years ago. Permission 
was dented on the ground that 
be was a “security risk” 
because he had once done 
military service. His wife has 
jnst bad a mastectomy. 

At least 15 people were- 
killed and nearly 100 injured 
when an earthquake measur- 
ing S.8 on the Richter scale hit' 
Turkey's south-eastern prov- 
inces early yesterday. 1 
The tremor lasted 10 sec- 
onds and devastated many 
bouses in the towns of GolbasT 
and Doga n bey li and sur-‘ 
rounding villages. At least rwo : 
other tremors were reported. ‘ 
The Surgu dam near Mala-- 
tya withstood the impact,' - 
although cracks on the struc- 
ture were deemed serious; 
enough for the evacuation of 
villages near by. 

Attention is now on Dr Irina j 
Ratnshinskaya, a 32-year-old I 
physicist and poet, first arrest- 1 
ed in December 198! for 
taking part in a demonstration 
at Moscow's Pushkin Square 
in support of Dr Andrei Sa- 
kharov, the human rights 
campaigner exiled to Gorky. 
She and her husband, Igor 
Gerashchenko, have been try- 
ing to emigrate since 1979. 

Army helicopters assisted in 
the rescue work. The Turkish 
Red Crescent said 2,000 tents 
had been sent to the area. 

• GOLDEN, Colorado; Mexi- 
co City was shaken by a 
moderate earthquake measur- 
ing 5.4 on the Richter scale on 
Sunday night, the US Geologi- 
cal Survey reported yesterday 
(Reuter repons). 

It was central on the Pacific, 
coast about 250 miles south- 
west of the city. 

Last Wednesday an earth- 
quake measuring 7.0 on the ‘ 
scale hit the same area but 
caused little damage. 

From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

A legal analysis of all the 
accusations against Dr Kurt 
Waldheim, the Austrian presi- 
dential candidate. Is to be 
made by the Israeli Justice 
Mmistry on the orders of Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Prime Min- 

If tills proves that the 
framer United Nations Secre- 
tary-General “served in the 
Nazi Array and acted aj patmt* 
partisans or Jews; we shall 
draw from this all the appro- 
priate condnsious,” Mr Peres 
said on television. 

Reacting to the results of the 
first round of the Anstrian 
elections, which gave Dr 
Waldheim 49.64 per cent of 
the vote, Mr Moshe Arens, the 
acting Foreign Minister, said 
the outcome was “shocking”. 

He went onrShaald it turn 
oat that Anstpa is to be 

beaded ty a person who was a 
war criminal, this will necessi- 
tate stock-taking not only hi 
Israel . . . but fan every civilized 
nation everywhere.” 

Exactly what steps Israel 
would take if the Inal analysis 
convinced the Government 
that Dr Waldheim yras “a war 
crinrinaT have not yet bees 
spelt oat. 

But two Knesset members, 
both Holocaust survivors, 
have already threatened to 
lead a campaign to sever 
diplomatic relations, while Mr 
Peres is being Hrged to delay 
appointing a new ambassador 
to Austria. 

Israel, however, needs good 
relations with Austria, which 
acts as & clearing braise for 
Jews who have been granted | 
exit visas by the Soviet Union. 

, . : /•. c •_ — 7 — . 

Paraguay silences 
opposition radio 

From A Correspondent, Bnenos Aires 

An attack on an indepen- 
dent radio station in Asuncion 
by a group of armed men at 
the weekend was seen as an 
indication that President 
Siroessner’s regime intended 
to use paramilitary forces to 
silence Paraguay's vocal 

Hie attack on Radio 
Nanduti took place only hours 
after Latin America's oldest 
surviving dictatorship cele- 
brated the thirty-second anni- 
versary of its seizing power. It 
signalled that General 
Scroessner’s supporters wiS 
use force to defend the regime. 

For the past three weeks, the 
country has witnessed its first 
demonstrations and strikes in 
more than three decades. 
Clashes with security forces 
have left at least 50 people 
wounded and an unknown 
number of people in prison. 

Radio Nanduti, which has 
become the voice of an in- 
creasingly open opposition, 
was attacked early on Sunday 
by five masked men who took 
away parts essential for 
transmission.Last week, the 
station was partly destroyed 
by about 100 government 

rag last month sparked the 
wave of protests, said that for 
the first time there was talk of 
real change. 

He attributed Paraguay’s 
crisis to a number of 
fectors.“On the one hand,” he 
said, “there is the changed 
attitude of the United States, 
seen in the ambassador's fre- 
quent meetings with members 
of the opposition. 

“On the other, there is the 
democratic process in Argenti- 
na and Brazil. But even more 
important is the effect of the 
economic crisis.” 

Another keyfector contrib- 
uting to the upsurge of opposi- 
tion was the Roman Catholic 
Church's more open support 
for striking workers and pro- 
testers, hesaid. 

On April 23 the Church 

published a statement callHng 
for a “broad national 

by about 100 government 

The mounting opposition 
has raised the question wheth- 
er General Stroessner, aged 
73. can hold on to power. 

Speaking from exile in Ar- 
gentina, Se nor Domingo 
Laino. leader of the opposi- 
tion Liberal Radical Authen- 
tic Party, whose decision to 
hold a banned political meet- 

dialogue” that would include 
all rectors. 

The Church’s Episcopal 
Conference justified its stand 
by pointing to “increasing 
levels of conflict” and “grow- 
ing social disunity in 
Paraguay.” j 

The protests, which have ' 
occurred . almost daily, 
reached their peak on May 

Workers belonging to the 
Inter-union Workers' Move- 
ment were attacked by troops 
wielding electric slides, trun- 
cheons. waterboses, and canis- 
ters of tear gas, after attending 
a Mass-- celebrated by - Mgr 
Melando Medina. 

Four killed as 
Sikhs avenge 
raid on temple 

Delhi (Reuter) - Sikh ex- 
tremists in Punjab yesterday 
shot dead four people and 
wounded four others in the 
latest reprisals fora police raid 
on their holiest shrine, the 
Golden Temple in Amnisar. 

Authorities enforced a cur- 
few on the town ofTam Taran 
after angry Hindus threw 
stones at police and smashed 
hospital windows in protest 
against the attacks by thrM 
gangs of gunmen in crowded 
market places. 

The Press Trust of India 
said seven people died on 

The shootings took the toll 

to 22 to Ihe ** vc- 
since police entered the Gold- 

Turks braced 
for birth 
of new party 

Ankara — Turkey’s Pariia- 

en Tempt. PfW«£j 

challenge for Mr Suijit Smjsh 
Baniala. the Punjab Chid 
Minister, who. is struggling tp 
prevent the cojtepse of his 
moderate Sikh Government 
Leading article, page l7. 

ment is braced for fresh 
upheavals from the formation 
of a new right-wing party to 
replace the Ill-starred Nation- 
alist Democracy Party (MDP), 
which dissolved itself at the 
weekend (Rasit Gurdilek 

A special congress approved 
the decision by the executive . 
last month to merge with a 
new parry, to be called New 
Democracy or Powerful Tur- 
key, and which is expected to 
be formed by Mr Mehmet 
Yazar, an industrialist; 

. The MDP's dissolution 
leaves the ruling Motherland 
Party the only survivor of 
Turkey's post-coup order. 

The number of indepen- 
dents to the legislature has 
risen to 93. and it is expected 
that the new - party, the Moth- 
erland Party aria the extra- 
parliamentary True path party 

wiU be competing io. attract 
them to tiieir rente. * 








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; bAmorn, Marie Curie, 

\ Gustav Dden, Henry Ford 
1 Who's the odd one out? 

« Grazie, Signor Marconi for your radio. 

* Merci, Madame Curie for radium. 

* Thanks, Henry Ford for your motors. Tack, 

* Dr. Gustav Dal£n for the Aga cooker. 

+ No, Dr. Dalen is not the odd one out Yes, he 

* is the only Swede. 

* He was also, like GugUelmo Marconi and 
i, Marie Curie, a Nobel Prize-wrrming scientist 

= You've probably never heard of him, so who 

\ was Gustav Dalin? He is the man to whom 
« thousands of seamen owe their lives; because he 
*• invented a thing called Damn's Sun Valve that 
turns a lightship's lights on by night and pits 
« them out by day, automatically. That's why they 
« gave him the Nobel Prize. 

He was the scientist so dedicated to his work 
j that he was blinded in an explosion during one of 
i his experiments, yet he still went on later to 
i complete the experiment. 

, He was also the man who invented the only 

* cooker in the world that roasts, bakes, boils, 

■ stews, steams, simmers, fries, braises, grills, 

* casseroles and toasts, yes toasts (bet you thought 
i an Aga couldn 't, didn 't you ?) perfectly. 

9 More than that, though what Dr. Dalin did 

* in 1922 was to reinvent the cooker. 

* He simply couldn't find a cooker in existence 

■ to satisfy his exacting scientific standards. 

* So combining his knowledge of combustion, 

1 metallurgy and nutrition with kitchen common 

* sense, he invented the Ago. 

«. Despite the advent of microwaves and fan 

* ovens, there is still nothing in the zoorld that 
cooks food better than an Aga. 

Remembering what a pain it is waiting for 
' the oven to heat up, Gustav Daltn made sure you 
[ never have to do that with his Ago. It's ready 
«■ anytime. 

Then, pondering the inscrutable riddle of the 
boiling-ooer pan,he came up with a simmering 

* plate big enough to hold three saucepans that 

■ won't ik them boil over. Ever. 

- The boiling plate, though , boils a pint of 

* water faster than an electric kettle. It holds three 
; saucepans, too. 

- More interesting, perhaps, is the fact that our 
1 Dr. Dalin just might have been psychic. 

* Well, can you think of any other cooker that 

: runs throughout the day on cheap rate overnight 
electricity? Believe us, there isn't one. 

To Gustav Dalin, making a cooker run on 
k the principle of stored heat was just the most 
‘ efficient way to make it. It still is. 

But how was he to km. he Central 
' Electricity Generating Boa. wild come up with 

; 'night storage' if he wasn't). :hic ? 

* Anyway, since you can now buy an electric 

- Aga (as well as one that runs on natural gas, 

\ LPG, oil or solid fuel), it's the only cooker in the 
, s world that can run on nothing but off-peak 
-■ electricity. 

r Impressed ? We thought you might be. If 

;• you'd like to see a live Aga, any of our distributors 

- can show you one. Or you can write to us at Aga, 
Freepost, Ketley, Telford TF1 3BR and well tell 
you all about them. 

f Oh yes, who is the odd one out? It's Henry 
l Ford. You know him. He's odd because he was no 
. scientist. He was just clever enough to sell cars by 

■ the million, saying: "Any colour you tike so long 
as it's black." 

f * Well, you can buy an Aga in green, blue, red, 

‘ brown, cream, white or even gloriously black 

* vitreous enamel. 

I Psychic or not, the only really odd thing 
r . about Gustav Dalin is that his name wasn't 
Gustav Ago. 

Thatcher wins the day on terror 


Fran David Watts, Tokyo 

The declaration on terror- discemibly stronger than the 


ism ai the Tokyo summit drew 

together opinion as varied as 
the leaders themselves, but 
there was little doubt about 
which countries had pushed 
the debate to a successful 
conclusion: Britain and the 
United States. 

To listen to the Americans, 
it was Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
who “carried the ball”. She 
certainly had a keen interest in 
having the summit accept a set 
of non-military measures to 
muffle criticism at home of 
the use of British bases far the 
American raid on Libya. 

When the “sherpas”. the 
officials who prepare position 
papers for their leaders' ap- 


proval. finished their work at 
4 am yesterday they had pro- 
duced a document which suit- 
ed neither Mrs Thatcher nor 
President Reagan. They were 
dispatched to come up with 
stronger language. 

“Both Mrs Thatcher and the 
President were strong on 
that,” Mr George Shultz, the 
US Sea-etary of State said, 
dismissing the idea that the 
Prime Minister bad been an 
American stooge who was not 
! given hill support. 

Britain “mobilized collec- 
tive courage". Sir Geoffrey 
Howe, the Foreign Secretary, 

The British particularly in- 
fluenced the wording on Lunit- 
! ing diplomatic missions, 
denying entry to people al- 
ready excluded from other 
summit states and improving 
1 extradition procedures. 

Though the result was not 

collective European position, 

the statement did name Libya 
as the country parocularty 
responsible for stale-spon- 
sored terrorism, despite the 
reservations of the Japanese 
and the French, who restated 
their objection to American 
warplanes flying over their 

As the leaders were em- 
broiled in their extended de- 
bate, the Chukaku-Ha left- 
wing radical group c l a i m ed 
responsibility for the rocket 
attack in Tokyo on Sunday in 
which two rockets overflew 
the state guest house where the 
leaders were being welcomed. 

For the Japanese to asso- 
ciate themselves so strongly 
with a controversial position 
on a Middle East question 
which does not directly con- 
cern them is unprecedented. 

The assurance of stable, 
long-term oil supplies is the 
very bedrock of Japanese for- 
eign policy in the region, and 
anything that might offend 
Arabs of whatever political 
hue is studiously avoided. 

Japan had already reduced 
its profile in Libya long before 
the American raid, and im- 
ports from Libya last year 
were worth less than £5 

“Japan is adamantly against 
international terrorism, and in 
this respect we must enhance 
co-operation to prevent it," 
Mr Shintaro Abe, the Foreign 
Minister, said. “It's an inter- 
national responsibility that 
Japan should cany oul" 

Japan's determination did 
not conflict with its “unique" 
Middle East diplomacy, in- 
cluding its “diligent" search 
for peace in the Gulf war. 

“We will continue to be 
involved in tenacious diplo- 
macy," he said. 

When all is said and done 
the Japanese profile is already 
so much reduced in Libya that 
there is little left that they can 
do to comply with the new 
guidelines, anyway. 

Mis Margaret Thatcher admiring a bonsai tree at the Akasaka Palace yesterday. Behind 
her is the ramrffin prime Minister, Mr Brian Mulroney. 

Tokyo (Reuter) - President 
Botha of South Africa ap- 
-pealed to foe summit to 
i r n Tp n”* achievements his 
country' bad made in disman- 
tling apartheid, British offi- 
cials said yesterday. 

They said the subunit na- 
tions were still considering 
what response to make to the 
South A&kan request, which 
came hi separate letters to 
each country. 

The officials said any reply 
would be balanced, mention- 
ing foe need to dismantle 
apartheid completely. 

•They added that it was 
Bsfoenajn whether the matter 
would be taken up in a 
separate statement at the end 
of foe - summit . or merely 
mentioned by Mr Nakasone, 
foe Japanese Prime Minister, 
in his summing up today. 

Malaysia's Prime Minister 
yestenfey accused the rich 
North of not consulting the 
South over decisions taken at 
the summit this week (Reuter 

Datuk Seri Dr Mahathir 
Mohamad told a meeting of 
Third World statesmen: 
“Their deliberations and deci- 
sions, whether these relate to 
foe debt problem, interest 
rates, protectionism, exchange 
rates or id global liquidity, wul 
all have far-reaching impact 
on foe global eco nom y, and 
yet we m the- South whose 
foies will be crucially affected 
by foe decisions of this sum- 
mit will have absolutely no 
say in their deliberations." 

# Deadline for withdrawal: 
US ofl companies in. Libya are 
to pull out by June 30, Reagan 
Administration sources raid 
yesterday (Reuter reports). 

Earlier Mr Shultz told jour- 
nalists at foe summit that foe 

companies would be palling 
out very soon. 

He said foe US was working 
on ways to compensate them 
for giving up their assets in 

Joint statements on terrorism and Chernobyl 

Firm proposals to counter violence 

The Tokyo declaration 

Looking forward 
to a better future 

Oo fighting terrorism 

1. We, foe heads of stale or 
government of seven myor 
democracies and foe represen- 
tatives of the European Com- 
munity, assembled here in 
Tokyo, strongly reaffirm our 
condemnation of international 
terrorism in all its forms, of its 
accomplices ' and of those, in- 
cluding. governments, who 
sponsor or support ft. We 
abhor foe increase in the level 
of such terrorism since our last 
meeting, and in particular its 
blatant and cynical use as an 
instrument of government pol- 
icy. Terrorism has do justifica- 
tion. It spreads only by use of 
contemptible means, ignoring 
the values of human life, 
freedom and dignity. It most 
be fought relentlessly and 
without compromise. 

2. Recognizing that the con- 
tinuing fight against terrorism 
is a task which die interna- 
tional community as a whole 
has to undertake, we pledge 
ourselves to make maximum 
efforts to fight against that 
scourge. Terrorism must be 
fought effectively through de- 
termined, tenacious, discreet 
and patient action combining 

national h mimhiw with inter- 
national co-operation. There- 
fore, we urge all Gke-mmded 
nations to collaborate with ns, 
particularly in snch interna- 
tional fora as the United 
Nations, the International 
Ovfl Aviation Organization 
and the Inte rna ti on al Mari- 
time Organization, drawing oa 
their expertise to improve and- 
extend counter-measures 
t en or ism and those 

who sponsor or support ft. 

3. We, the Heads of State or 
Government, agree to intensify 
the exchange of information in 
relevant fora on threats and 
potential threats emanating 
from ter ro r ist activities and 
those who sponsor or support 
them, and on ways to prevent 

4. We specify the following as 
measures open to any govern- 
ment concerned to deny to 
international terrorists the op- 
portiutity and the means to 
carry rat their aims, and to 
identify and deter those who 
perpetrate snch terrorism. We 
have decided to apply these 
measures within die frame- 
work of international law and 
in our own jurisdictions in 

respect of any state which 2s 
dearly involved in sponsoring 
or supporting international 
terrorism, and in particular of 
Libya, until snch time as the 
state concerned abandons its 
compficfty in, or sepport for, 
sock terrorism. These mea- 
sures are: 

. - reteal to export arms to 
-States which sponsor or sup- 
port terrorism; 

- strict Unfits on the size of 
the diplomatic and consular 
missions and other official 
bodies abroad of states which 
engage in such activities, con- 
tra of travel of members of 
snch mforions and bodies, and, 
where apfwopriate, radical re- 
dactions in, or even the closure 
of, such missions and bodies; 

- denial of entry to all 
persons, including diplomatic 
personnel, who have been 
expelled or excluded front one 
of our states on suspicion of 
involvement in mternational 
terrorism or who have been 
convicted of snch a terrorist 

- unproved extradition pro- 
cedures within due process of 
domestic law for bringing to 
trial those who have perpetrat- 

ed such acts of terrorism; 

- stricter immigra ti on and 
visa requirements and proce- 
dures in respect of nationals of 
states which sponsor or sup- 
port terrorism; 

-foe closest possible bilater- 
al and multilateral cooperation 
between police and security 
organ iza ti ons and other rele- 
vant-authorities ra the fight 
against terrorism. 

Each of ns is committed to 
work in the appropriate inter- 
national bodies to which we 
belong to ensure that similar 
measures are accepted and 
acted upon by as many other 
governments as possible. 

5. We will maintain dose co- 
operation in farthering the 
objectives of this statement 
and to considering farther 
measures. We agree to make 
the 1978 Bran Declaration- 
more effective to dealing with 
all forms of terrorism affecting 
civil aviation. We are ready to 
promote bilaterally and multi- 
latraalty farther actions to be 
taken in wtfwiafiflMi organi- 
zations or fora competent to 
fight against international ter- 
rorism in any of its forms. 

World pact sought on 
nuclear power control 

On the Chernobyl 

1. We, foe heads of state or 
government of seven major 
industrial nations and the 
representatives of foe Europe- 
an Community, have dis- 
cussed foe implications of foe 
accident at foe Chernobyl 
nuclear power station, we 
express our deep sympathy for 
those affected. We r emain 
ready to extend assistance, in 
particular medical and techni- 
cal, as and when requested. 

2. Nuclear power is, and 
properly managed will contin- 
ue to be, an increasingly 
widely used source of energy. 
For each country foe mainte- 
nance of safety and security is 
an international responsibil- 
ity, and each country engaged 
in nuclear power generation 
bears full responsibility for die 
safety of the design, manufac- 

ture, operation and mainte- 
nance of its installations. Each 
of our countries meets exact- 
ing standards. Each country, 
furthermore, is responsible for 
prompt provision of detailed 
and complete information on 
nuclear emergencies and acci- 
dents, in particular those with 
potential transboundary con- 
sequences. Each of our coun- 
tries accepts that 
responsibility, and we urge foe 
Government of the Soviet 
Union, which did not do so in 
the case of Chernobyl, to 
provide urgently such infor- 
mation, as our and other 
countries have requested. 

3. We note with satisfaction 
foe Soviet Union's willingness 
to undertake discussions this 
week with the Director-Gener- 
al of the International Atomic 
Energy Agency (IAEA). We 
expect that these discussions 

The French Prime Minister, M Jacques Chirac 

conferring with President Mitterrand. 

will lead to foe Soviet Union's 
participation in the desired 
post-accident analysis. 

4. We welcome and encourage 
the work of the IAEA m 
seeking to improve interna- 
tional co-operation on the 
safety of nuclear installations, 
the hai 


indling of nuclear acci- 
dents and their consequences, 
and the provision or mutual 

emergency assistance. Moving 
forward from the relevant 
IAEA guidelines, we urge foe 
early elaboration of an inter- 
national convention commit- 
ting the parties to report and 
exchange information in the 
event of nuclear emergencies 
or accidents. This should be 
done with the least possible 

1. We, foe heads of state or 
government of seven major 
industrial nations and foe 
representatives of the Europe- 
an Community/ with roots 
deep in the civilizations of 
Europe and Asia, have seized 
the opportunity of our meet- 
ing at Tokyo to raise our sights 
not just to the rest of this 
century but into the nexi as 
welL We face the future with 
confidence and ■ determina- 
tion, sharing common princi- 
ples and objectives . and 
rqtodftfl of our strengths./ 

' 2. Ouf shared principled ind 
objectives, reaffirmed ait put 
summits, are bearing fruit 
Nations- surrounding the Pa- 
cific are thriving dynamically 
through free exchange, braid- 
ing on their rich and varied 
heritages. The countries of 
Western Europe, the Commu- 
nity members in particular, 
are flourishing by raising their 
co-operation to new levels. 
The countries of North Amer- 
ica, enriched by European and 
Asian cultures alike, are firm 
in their commitment , lo foe 
realization in freedom of hu- 
man potential. Throughout 
the world we see foe powerful 
appeal of democracy and 
growing recognition that per- 
. sonal initiative, individual 
creativity and social justice 
are main sources of progress. 

Shared principles 

More than ever we have an to 
join our energies in the search 
for a safer and healthier, more 
civilized and prosperous, free 
and peaceful world. We be- 
lieve that dose partnership of 
Japan, North America and 
Europe will make a significant 
contribution towards this end. 

3 We reaffirm our common 
dedication to preserving and 
strengthening peace, and as 
part of that effort, to building 
a more stable and constructive 
relationship between East mid 
West Each of- us is ready to 
engage in co-operation in 
fields of common interest. 
Within existing alliances, each 
of us is resolved to maintain a 
strong and credible defence 
that can protect freedom and 
deter aggression, while not 
threatening the -security of 
others. We know that -peace 
cannot be safeguarded by 
military strength alone. Each 
of us is committed to address- 
ing East-West differences 

through high-level dialogue 
and negotiation. To that end. 
each of us supports balanced, 
substantial and verifiable re- 
ductions in foe level of arms; 
measures to increase confi- 
dence and reduce the risks of 
conflicts; and the peaceful 
resolution of disputes. Recall- 
ing the agreement between the 
United States and foe Soviet 
Union to accelerate work at 
Geneva, we appreciate foe 
United States’ negotiating ef- 
forts arid call on the Soviet 
Union also to negotiate posi- 
tively. In addition lo these 
efforts; we shall work for 
improved respect for foe 
rights of mdivtdnals through' 
our the world. 

A common future 

4. We proclaim our conviction 
that in today's world, charac- 
terized by ever-increasing in- 
terdependence. our countries 
cannot enjoy lasting stability 
and prosperity without stabil- 
ity and prosperity in the 
developing worid and without 
the co-operation among us 
which can achieve these aims. 
We pledge ourselves afresh to 
fight against hunger, disease 
and poverty, so that develop- 
ing nations can also play a full 
part in building a common, 
bright future. 

5- We owe it to future genera- 
tions lo pass on a healthy 
environment and a culture 
rich in both spiritual and 
material values. We are re- 
solved to pursue effective 
international action to elimi- 
nate the abuse of drugs. We 
proclaim our commitment to 
work together for a world 
which respects human beings 
in the diversity of their talents, 
beliefs, cultures and tradi- 
tions. In such a world based 
upon peace, freedom and 
- democracy, foe ideals of social 
justice can be realized and 
employment opportunities 
can be available for all. We 
must ham ess wisely foe poten- 
tial of science and technology, 
and enhace the benefits 
through co-operation and ex- 
change/ We have a solemn 
responsibility so to educate 
the next generation as to 
endow them with the creativ- 
ity befitting the 21st century 
and to convey to them the 
value of living in freedom and 

Briton helps 
save boy 
from crocodile 

Harare — A British tourist 
was recovering in hospital 
here yesterday with a badly 
injured arm after jumping on 
the back of a crocodile to save 
the life of a young South 
African tourist (A Correspon- 
dent writes). 

The confrontation between 
the crocodile and eight tour- 
ists who were nearing the end 
of a canoeing safari . on the 
Zambezi river began when the 
canoeists were wading 
through shallow water. 

The crocodile scooped up 
Jeremy Lloyd, aged 13, a 
I Johannesburg schoolboy. Two 
Britons. Mr Alex Shaw, aged 
19, and Mr Rupert Novis, 
aged IS, tried to free him. 

Mr Shaw jumped on foe 
reptile's bad;, and it in turn 
| grabbed him by the arm. 
releasing Jeremy. 

Minsk shrugs off danger of radioactive cloud 

From Christopher Walker 

Although Soviet kindergar- 
tens have been ordered to keep 
their windows shot and pupils 
are forbidden to play o ut si de , 
life In Minsk, the B e l orn ssia n 
rg pfrai, remains unaffected by 
the unclear disaster at 
Chernobyl, 200 miles to the 
south-east, and no specific 
health warnings have been 
issued to the 1-25 mini on 

Tins was disclosed to The 
Tima y este rday by a Soviet 
visitor who returned to Mos- 
cow after a four-day visit and 
immediately washed all his 
clothes as a precaution against 
possible radiation. 

He said most residents were 
convinced theyfaced ho partic- 
ular danger. 

Because of foe city's loca- 
tion in the direct path of the 
large radioactive dood re- 
leased from foe fire at 
Chernobyl, it is regarded by 

Western experts to have been 
badly hit by faU-ont, and the 
popaiatioa to be in urgent need 
of instrnctioos on snch matters 
as not drinking milk. 

As a result of the risks, 27 
British students studying 
there were evacuated last week 
and all were later food to be 
s uff er in g from consi derably. 

Cancer threat 

Stockholm (Renter) — As 
many as 8,000 Europeans 
could develop cancer because 
of radiation exposure from foe 
Chernobyl disaster, Mr -Gun- 
oar Bengtsson, bead of 
Sweden's Radiological Protec- 
tion Institute, said yesterday. 

higher than normal radiation 
levels when checked by a 
British medical expert. 

Yesterday the Soviet visitor 
said many of the residents of 
the city — which counts food 
processing among its main 

industries— were infuriated by 
Western reports of tint they 
regarded as exaggerated dan- 
gers said to be posed to them 
by radioactivity. 

, They were also s cor nfu l of 
the Soviet minority who voiced 
any great alarm. There was 
also reported to be an element 
of fa t al ism , especially among 
older people. 

“I think that they realized 
that whatever had happened, 
there was very ffttie that they 
coaid do about ft without 
tearing the area," the visitor 

“They have no access to any 
alternative food supply other 
than that in the local shops 
and markets.” He said there 
were signs that local health 
authorities were working at 
fbfl stretch, but no obvious 
indication of any precantioo^. 
ary measures being taken 
behind the scenes. 

Many people had oral-', 
plained of stomach pains after ^ 

the- explosion and tea that was 
made appeared to be an odd 
colour, bat he said there was 
no way . of knowing if these 
events were linked in any way 
with- the disaster. 

The lack of precautions 
being taken in' Minsk and 
otbo- centres in a. 300-raHe 
radios of Chernobyl said by 
Swedish experts to be most at 
risk of long-tom contamina- 
tion, has caused mounting 
concern at Western embassies 
in Moscow worried about the 
effects on food supplies to the 
&500-strong foreign commu- 
nity living in the capital. 

Although Weston checks 
have not found dangerous 
levels of radiation In food and 
water, there are fears they 
rouU soon rise ff the authori- 
ties do not take strict measures 
to restrict prodace from the 
badly-hit zones. 

Few Western diplomats are 

confident this wfl] be done. 

Death penalty 
hopes dashed 

Washington — The LB Su- 
preme Court yesterday dashed 
the hopes of hundreds of 
prisoners awaiting execution 
when it ruled that people 
opposed to the death penalty 
could be barred from juries 
trying capital cases (Michael 
Binyon writes). 

: By a vote of 6-3, foe court 
upheld the contention of foe 
state of Arkansas that it was 
proper to exclude opponents 
of the death penalty from 
.juries asked to deride guilt or 
innocence in capital cases 
because such opponents 
would always refuse to con- 
vict, no matter how over- 
whelming the evidence of 

Yesterday’s derision revers- 
es a Federal Appeal Court 
ruling that foe occlusion of afi . 
^potential , jurors •• 


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US ships military aid 
to lure Contras into 
ditching rebel leader 

Despite a congressional ban 
on sending military supplies 
?. to the Nicaraguan Contras, 
, sources in Costa Rica and in 
Miami say the United States 
has recently sent five ship- 
men is of arms, ammunition 
" and equipment to military 
commanders from the Demo- 
v era tic Revolutionary Alliance 
l (Arde) fighting in southern 
" Nicaragua. 

V An Arde leader, who asked 
to remain anonymous, said 
the shipments of badly needed 
' supplies are intended as “bait” ■ 
- to lure the commanders into a 
" new Contra alliance excluding 
' Arde's controversial military 
■ chief Senor Eden Pastora. 

The Arde official said that 

Sedor Eden Pastora: facing 
a CIA-inspired rift 

From Martha Honey, San Jose 

within the last 30 days sup- 
plies from the Central Intelli- 
gence Agency were dropped by 
air into rebel camps on four 
occasions and ammunition 
was also sent by ship. Sources 
in Miami ana Washington 
confirmed that the Costa Ri- 
can-based Contras have re- 
cently received new US 

These sources said Sedor 
Pastora was not told about the 

Contra sources also said 
that five of Senor Pastora’s 
seven commanders are hold- 
ing clandestine talks outside 
San Jose with persons said to 
work for the CIA The com- 
manders were being promised 
more military supplies if they 
openly broke with Senor 
Pastora and formed an alli- 
ance with the US-backed guer- 
rillas from the Nicaraguan 
Democratic Force (FDN). 

In recent weeks several 
Cuban Americans said to 
work for the CIA have con- 
tacted Senor Pastora’s com- 
manders inside Nicaragua 
urging them to join with the 

These manoeuvres are caus- 
ing a deep rift within Senor 
Pastora's organization. Arde 
sources say three top political 
leaders have also quietly bro- 
ken away from him. 

“We’re involved in a war, 
but its not with Managua, it’s 
with Washington,” said a 
Pastora loyalist 

Aides to the Arde leader say 
he fears his life might be' in 
danger. Senor Pastora narrow- 
ly survived a press conference 
bombing two years ago which 
evidence indicates was engi- 
neered by the-CIA. 

He has publicly resisted 
CIA attempts to direct his 
organization and has refused 
to form an alliance with the 
FDN because its leadership 
includes former Ni c a rag u an 
national guardsmen. As a 
result the US cut off f unds to 
Senor Pastora two years ago 
and Arde has not received any 
of the $27 million in 
“humanitarian” aid autho- 
rized last year by Congress. 

Despite this Arde’s charis- 
matic leader has managed to 
keep the loyalty of an estimat- 
ed 3.000 guerrillas. 

But Arde troops have suf- 
fered from grave shortages of 
arms, ammunition, uniforms 
and food, in January most 
commanders and several po- 
litical leaders sent Senor 
Pastora a letter urging him to 
alliance talks with the 


FDN in an attempt to secure 
US aid. 

Senor Pastora consented, 
but the talks fell apart 

rival on 
poll eve 

From Michael Handyn 

Police fire tear gas into Dhaka University to 

Where feudal loyalty still holds sway 

Out hi the sflty countryside 
of Bangladesh, politics looks 
very different from the way it 
does in the metropolis. 

After rocking and lurching 
along a muddy trail in his 
Jeep, saluting and being greet- 
ed by rilagerg, the candidate 
stands in the shade of a 
corrugated iron porch at a 
primary school arm addresses 
120 fanners and their awed 
oQspring. “Some of you think 
I am stiD yonr zamiadar, your 
landlord,” he says. “Just re- 
member then *t»«t tenants owe 
their Landlords a duty and be 
sore that I shall remember the 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Karatiya, Tangail District, Bangladesh 

leader of one of the smaller 

responsibility a landlord owes 
to his tenants.” 

Manlri Morsbed All Khan 
Pumi, known to his men as 
Tips Sahib and to his friends 
as Tipn Bhai (bhai means 
brother), is an elegant cosmo- 
politan figure, in a polo shirt 
and corduroy jeans. «■ ■ 
He has not bees a landlord 
since such arrangements wane 
abolished by a reforming inde- 
pendent government. He has 
not been a ztmatdar — which 
in this part of British India 
meant a licensed tax- 
— since the: 
was abolished in the 

Bat the cosntryside is a 
conservative place and old 
habits die hard. As he Is 
greeted by the fanners they 
garland him with 10 taka 
(20p) notes and touch his feet, 
symbolically scattering the 
dost on their heads. Zamut- 




Fine portrait sculptures . . . intricately detailed . . . authentic . . . powerfully evoking the glories of history’s greatest battle. 
Each miniature figure crafted by Franklin Mint in solid pewter, solid brass and fine enamels. 

For more than a thousand years, the game of 
chess has captivated and delighted men and 
women of intelligence and taste the world 
over. And almost from the beginning, chess- 

men have been crafted to portray famous 
figures of history and legend - kings and 

queens, statesmen, great warriors, national 
heroes - whose very presence brought an 
added dimension of excitement and personal 
involvement to every game. 

Among all these fascinating sets, however, 
very few nave included historically authentic 
portrait sculptures of the famous men and 
women they honoured. Yet those that do 
have traditionally been among the 'most 
interesting and most keenly sought sets of all 
- for museums and private collectors alike. 

Now; The Waterloo Museum at Waterloo 
will issue a uniquely handsome chess set in 
the great tradition of portrait sculpture. 

It will be known as The Battle of Waterloo 
Chess Set* It represents a fascinating tribute 
to the heroes of both sides in the fierce battle 
that many consider the most decisive ever 

beme nart-Ganerai 
The Bam* IKDnoga 

The (Meal 

fought. And it is a work all the more intrigu- 
ing because the playmg pieces indude richly 
l three dimensional portraits of the great 



warriors of the two opposing armies. Among 
them, the Emperor Napoleon in characteristic 
pose, with one hand tucked inside his waist- 
coat. The Duke of Wellington, holding the 
field telescope that helped make him such a 
brilliant battle tactician. Lieutenant General 
Count Pajol, dashing commander of the Bench 
1st Corps of Cavalry Reserve. And Lord 
Uxbridge, who led the heroic charge of the 
Allied Cavalry. 

Each historic figure fully authenticated 
And in this extraordinary dress set even the 
pawns are remarkable - each portraying a 
different fighting man from one of the regi- 
ments that covered itself in glory at Waterloo. 
For example, the Royal Scots Greys, heroes of 
the great cavalry charge led by Lord Uxbridge; 
and the Grenadiers of Napoleon's Imperial 

Guard, resolute to the last in their defence of 
the Emperor 

The scrupulous historical authenfidty of 
each portrait sculpture is assured, for each 
piece has been created for The Waterloo 
Museum by Philip J, Haythomth waite, who 
is one of the foremost living authorities on 
nineteenth century military history author 
of many books on military uniforms, and an 
artist of distinction. 

Mint, is exceptionally rich in detail. Indeed, 
every nuance of facial expression, uniform 
and weaponry - right down to the buttons, 
braiding, sabres and muskets - is depicted 
with uncompromising accuracy Ana each 
authentic, detailed, pewter figure is set upon 
a solid brass pedestal base embellished with a 
circular band of richly coloured enamel - 
blue for the French, scarlet for the Allies. 

Uncompromising detail, unparalleled quality 
Moreover each figure, painstakingly crafted 
in solid pewter by the craftsmen of Franklin 

The complete set is a masterpiece of pre- 
cision and artisti y A powerful and endlessly 
fascinating tribute to the gallant warriors 
of Waterloo. 

Available only by direct subscription. Issue price: £14.75 per sculptured chess piece. 
Limit: One complete set per subscriber. 

Please enter your subscription by 10th June, 1986. 

The unique rewards of 
owning this chess set 

Jest as the chessmen themselves are scaled so 
that each one will fit the function assigned to 
it in the game of dress, so the handsomely 
crafted, pewter-finished playing board which 
will be sent to each subscriber has been sized 
with equal care. Carefully fitted, so that it 
also serves as the cover for the esse which 
will house all thirty-two playing pieces, the 
board completes a presentation so a tt r a c tiv e 
that it m akes this remarkable work a dies 
set to be played and displayed with equal 
pride and satiaactian. A Certificate of Authen- 
ticity and specially written refermce materials 
on the life and achievements of each historic 
figure portrayed, will also be provided. 

A convenient acquisition plan 
and a very at tracti ve price 
The Battle of Waterloo Chess Set' may be 
obtained only by direct subscription, and 
there is a Ihrut of one set per collector. The 
chessmen will be issued to you at the very 
attractive price of £14.75 each, with the 
specially-designed playing board and pro- 
tective case provided at no additional charge. 
As a subscriber, you will receive two 
sculptured pieces every other month. You 
wifl, however be invoiced for only one 
chessman at a time - a total of fust £14.75 
per month. 

Here, then, is a work that will bring 
lasting pleasure to chess enthusiasts, history 
buffs or collectors of military miniatures. 
A truly spectacular dress set that will make a . 
dramatic addition to any room. An exciting 
showpiece that will be displayed, enjoyed 
and treasuredby each stKreeaing generation. 
No payment is required at mis time. But 

please note that the axxompanying Subscrm- 

returoed by 

don Application should 
10th June, 1986. 
c ^»uiclin Mint Limifed, &onifcy Road. London SE6 2XG_ 





Pii'ctsc post by 10th June, 1986. 

Limit: One complete set per subscriber. 

Post to: 

The Waterloo Museum, e/o Franklin Mint Limited, 
FREEPOST. London SE6 2BR. 

Please enter my subscription for The Battle of Waterloo 
Chess Set; consisting of thirty-two chessmen, each 
crahed of tine pewter, mounted on a solid brass pedestal 
rase, and emblazoned with a band of rich enamel 

My chess pieces will be sent at the rate of two 

other month. My iuue price is C14 .75 per piece, 
will be guaranteed tor the entire collection, except for 
arty charyr there may be in the rate of VAT. 

ineedwnd no money now I understand that I shall 

be invoiced tor the hrst payment of C14.75 prior to 
despatch at the hrst shipment at two playmg races, 
and lor the same amount at monthly intervals there- 
at I will receive the handsomely fitted presentation 
case and pewter finished chessboard at no additional 
charge. I shall be given the opportunity to pay by 
cheque or by credit card I Access. American Bona. 
Diners Club or Vh|. 

most be greeted with 

money and respect. 

The last time there was a 
parliamentary election in 
1979, Tipn Pham was elected 

a saefa a hBge majority that 
his competitors lost their 
dg ynwit*. He does not expect 

such a grand win this time, for 

he is np against toe national 

parties in toe opposition coah- 
tias led by Sheikh Basra* 
Waxed. Bat he expects to wm, 
and toe feet that he is standby 
in the interest of toe Janya 
party, formed to give demo- 
cratic credentials to the gov- 

. Presdent Ershad of Bangla- 
desh, who is proposing® hold 

a parliamentary election to- 
morrow, yesterday put under 
house arrest one of his princi- 
pal opponents. Begum 
Khaleda 2a. widow offonaer 

president Zia ur-Rahmin. - 
Begum Zia, who now leads 
her husband’s party, dio Bn* 
jdadesh Nationalist Party, has 
beentesoiutdy opposing the 
holding of elections trader 
martial law. She planned to 
my a rally yescenday outside 
the main masque in 
But she was prevented from 
leaving her house in the 
morning to consult party lead' 
ere and soon after nulitBiy 
notice toWber she was raider 
arrest and not allowed to go 



leader of the other 

opposition group of parties. 

eminent of Lieutenant- 
General Ershad, seem s to be 
of considerably less impor- 
tance to** 1 bis own lineage. 

Mr Fannfs father stood for 
ejection here In a celebrated 
by-election and lost by lOB 
votes. He was consoled wrtfa an 
ambassadorship, however, and 
a villager remembers, saying? 
“We didn’t vote for your father 
and be got angry and went to 
live abroad. You can be sore 
we won’t let you down.” 

Down the road towards 
Dhaka at a besy crossroads in 
a neighbouring constituency 
the fnHMafa of tire Awarai 
Sheikh Hastate pap- 
with almost «v- 
Mr Pamn has said, 
profusely bat un- 
to discard his blade 
jwitw because this 
was bow Sheikh Mnjibnsed to 
dress '— “and it helps identify 
me as the A wand League 
candidate” — Mr AJU1 
Mnzamflha insists that toe 
villagers “are not willing lobe 
railed by the junta”. 

The A warn! League wBl 
offer agricultural subsidies to 
the formers and controlled 
prices for food and other 
commodities to the mdustrial 

Sheikh Hasina Wazcd. who is 
contesting the elections, held a 
last tally of her awn. with a 
procession which she led out 
from the home of her father, 
the assassinated first Prime 
Minister of toe couauyv 

Sheikh Mojibar Ra hman 
Sheikh Basina’s party, 





“We can a f fo rd it,” he 
insists, “if we can grow three 
extra maunds of rice per acre 
we shall not need to import any 
foodgraios.” ...^ . 

Mr JPanri-makes no such 
promises. “I just tell them 1 
will do my best.” he says. 

Awami League, js 
G eneral Ershad for 
breaking promises. The Pro*-; 
dent said he would remain, 
neutral and not campaigft for 
individual But he 

has been campaigning up and.* 
down the country mpog sup- 
port for candidates of the 
party which was formed at the 
end oflasi year as a vehicle for 
the democratic aspirations of 
his supporters, the Jatjya 

The Awami League yester- 
day asked the election com-, 
missioner to take proceedings n 
against the President. 

Two members 

Enrols. have arrived. here m 
the request of a nesnug 
group, the People’s Commis- 
sion for Free Elections. The 
commission is in fact an arm ’ 
of the Awami I nagger 

There has been no diminu- 
tion in violence. Four people 
toed as a result of electoral 
excuemenlOnc blew himself 
np with a bomb be was 
making m toe port town of 
Khulna. A second wa stabbed 
in the same town .in a. fight 
between supporters , of- toe 

party. T withers died in a ■ 
similar battle in Chittagong 

Tide toms against 
Australian judge 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

Mf Justice Lionel Murphy, 
the Australian High Court 
judge acquitted of attempting 

to perven the course of justice, 
last night agreed to delay his 

return to the bend) while he 
answered further allegations 
of misconduct 

But at the did of a day of in- 
tense lobbying in Canberra 
involving his fellow High 
Court judges, and amid grow- 
ing national disquiet over the 
case, Australia’s third-highest 
judge refused to resign. 

The determination shown 
by Mr Justioe Murphy to take 
his place once more in the- 
High Court today had threat- 
ened a political and possibly 
constitutional crisis, with the, 
federal Opposition threaten- 
ing to sera: a judicial inquiry 
into his conduct. 

After being persuaded to 
stand down in October 1984, 
the judge was convicted at his 

first trial last year of aoempl- 
ing to influence criminal pro- 
ceedings against a personal 
friend, and sentenced to 1ft 
months* imprisonment- 

-He was acquitted at a re* 
trial last week, but it emerged 
soon afterwards tom a pome- 
main had made further allega- 
tions against the judge. : 

While Mr Justice Murphy 
has had the backing in tire past 
of such key Labor PtoiyT . 
figures, as Mr Neville Wran, 
the New South Wales Pre- 
mier, and Mr BiU Hayden, the, 
Foreign Minister, the tide has 
been turning aggipgy him' in , 
recent days. • - 

Mr Bob Hawke, the Printed 
Minister, has badjneetings.orC 
the issue with Mr John How- 
ard, the Liberal leader,. Sir 
Ninian Stephen, toe Gover- ■ 
nor-General, and members of 
toe High Court. 

Paris spy trial opens 

From Susan MacDonald, Paris 

One of the few spy cases 
inyoMng China carae to court 
here yesterday, when a French . 
diplomat, Bernard Bourskot, 
was charged with passing 
information to a foreign power. 
It is a spy story stranger than 
fiction. M Bonrsicot was post- 
ed to Pelting in die 1960s as a 
junior ctiplomatThere he fell 
under the spell of Shi PtiPn^a 
and dancer with the 
Opera, who acted both 

male and female roles, bat the 
ywng diplomat believed she 
was a woman. . 

..Cwght «P in a web of 
blackmail, be is aotired ef 
baring passed on copies of: 
noB-confhleutial documents. 

He was arrested in Flutter 
^ 1983. His supposed - 
girlfriend, who had core' to. 
Pens, was also arrested. Med- 
ical teste proved that she was a 

Nev^ncolc^tiq-t &ii aile d by Satefce fo^ 

swift defray ; 




VIA iATfuiT 

. I n t er nat ion al Edition 

To sidisorjbe or advertise^ tdsphone .7 - 

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Afghanistan under new management 

Marcos is 
ready to 
risk jail 
on return 

Islamabad (Reuter) - The 
new leader of Afghanistan, 

•EEST"* Naiibullah. 
promised to 

experience as ^ WHy cmei a 

Mr formal, aged 57. re- DrNajibtdlah. aged 39, who 
mains President. He thanked praised the Soviet Union as a 
Moscow for its “selfless and great and peace-loving ally, 
all-around international assis- said the first duties of (fie 
lance 10 our suffering people”, party and state were “strength- 
The Kremlin installed him in ening the armed forces, ira- 
power in 1979 when it first proving their fighting ability, 
sent in troops to topple former intensifying the struggle 
mational problems and President Hafizullah Amin against me (rebels), stopping 
accurate assessment of my and fight the growing Muslim the bloodshed and establish- 
insurgency. ing peace and tranquillity”. 

?mise engineered Decisive 

!• '* a new in Kabo] more amenable stage m 

Mk. •SS"5S£i East TjN talks 

EP' FnMnMn ciwtpjt wtnnnl. 

wanted to step up the struggle 
against the guerrillas to pot an 
.. end to the bloodshed. 

. "** *2de The party chose the former 
securt^ chief to head of the feared Khad secret 



committee yesterday that he possibilities' 

From Keith Dalton 

A lawyer for former Presi- 
dent Marcos of the Philip- 
pines yesterday said the 
ousted leader was prepared to 
risk arrest and mum from 
exile to defend himself in 
court as soon as he was given a 
new passport. 

Mr Raphael Recto, a mem- 
ber of the abolished National 
Assembly, said he did not 
believe Mr Marcos would seek 
asylum in a third country if he 
was allowed to leave Hawaii, 
where he fled on February 25. 

The passports of Mr Mar- 
cos. his wife, Imelda, and 26 
other people who accompa- 
nied him into exile, were 
cancelled soon after President 
Aquino took power. 

Mr Marcos, who still con- 
siders himself president, 
seems resigned to the feet that 
he will be arrested if he returns 
to Manila. Mr Recto said. 

The Government prosecu- 
tor last month filed criminal 
charges against Mr Marcos, 
accusing him of plundering 
the Philippines of more than 
$5 billion (about £3.4 billion) 
during his 20 years in office. 

American requests that a 
new passport be issued to Mr 
Marcos to allow him to leave 
Hawaii for a third country 
have been rebuffed by the 
Aquino Government. 

There have already been 
violent street clashes between 
supporters and opponents of 
Mr Marcos, including ' the 
forced dispersal on Sunday of 
a pro-Marcos rally in which a 
dozen people were arrested 


Sunday* change in the 
Afghan Communist Party 
teadership was, accottling to 
diplomats here, engineered by 
s&e Kremlin to increase its 
control over Kabul and to 
featae its uphill battle to 
establish a regime there which 
could survive without massive 
military support. 

The demise of President 
Bab rat formal, the former 
party chief, was clearly sig- 
nalled earlier this year when 
Mr Gorbachov stubbed 


King Husain (left) welcoming President hostility between the two countries. They 
Assad of Syria in Amman yesterday when have agreed to revive committees for co- 
he arrived on his first visit to Jordan in nine ordinating political and economic affairs, 
years. The King and Cabinet ministers gave and to expand trade, but Jordanian officials 
Mr Assad a warm welcome when he arrived have said the reconciliation has gone more 
at Amman airbase. The visit caps a round of slowly than hoped. The two are at 
exchange visits under a Saudi-sponsored loggerheads over the Gulf War and differ 
reconciliation effort ending six years of over a solution to the Palestinian problem. 

Homespun flavour for visit 

From John Best, Prince George, Vancouver 

The Prince and Princess of Nervous laughter rippled bian ministers of forestry to 
Wales flew 400 miles from through the overflowing crowd finish the job. 

Vancouver into tire British of about 1,000 each time a The Princess, to the delight 
Columbia interior to plant a balloon burst, bar tire royal of rbe crowd kept roguishly 
spruce tree and open an arts conple affected not to notice. admonishing Mr Jack 
festival. At the Prince George city Heinrich, the British Colum- 

Their three-hour visit to this hail earlier, a crowd ol 8,000 bian Provincial Minister, to 
city of 70,000 people on Smk- watched as the royal couple s hotel in more soil. “Come on, 
day bad an appealing home- used gold-painted ceremonial put in more titan that,” she 
spun flavour about it as well as shovels to plant a spruce tree. said. 

a series of somewhat discon- The programme called for To top off the festival 

certing loud bangs. the Prince alone to do the opening, a Prince George ama- 

Ceremonies in the Prince honours but be needed help as teur dance group gave a cho~ 
George Coliseum, where the one of his fingers is still reographed ballet blending 
Prince officially opened the bandaged after an accident portions of Peer Gym and 
British Columbia Festival of several weeks ago. Chariots of Fire. 

tire Arts, were punctuated Both the Prince and Prm- Yesterday the royal couple 

several times by rifle-like cess put three hefty shovels of were resting. Today they are 
reports as balloons strong to dirt around the tree before doe to risit several pavilions at 
the ceiling exploded in the handing the shovels to the Expo *86, the Vancouver world 
beat Canadian and British Colnm- fair. Photograph, page 18 

Peking steps 
up its war 
on corruption 

Peking - The Chinese Gov- 
ernment has disbanded 8,700 
private corporations run by 
bureaucrats and Communist 
Party officials and is investi- 
gating 3,000 more in a contin- 
uation of its five-month-old 
ami-corruption drive, the offi- 
cial New China news agency 
said ( A Correspondent writes). 

“The Chinese Government 
has stressed time and again 
that party and government 
functionaries are not allowed 
to go in for commercial 
activities,” the report said. 
The move comes two weeks 
after a state trading company 
employee was executed for 

Indian team in fresh 

Spring fever likely to 
defuse Belgian strike 

Colombo peace move 

From Vjptha Yapa, Colombo 

Hopes rose again yesterday The Indian team received 
for a political solution to Sri specific details of the devolu- 
Lanka's ethnic problem in the tion of power at provincial 
wake of a visitto Colombo by level proposed by the Sri 
a four-member Indian delega- Lankan Government, 
lion, led by Mr P. The proposals included fer- 
Chidambaram, Minister of reaching moves on key issues 
State for Administrative such as land settlement mid 
Reforms. law and order. 

Mr Chidambaram had 10 However, tbe main discus- 
hours of talks with President sions centred on a two-page 
Jayewardene in r six different aide memoire taken to Mr 
meeting and also met minis- Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
ters and opposition leaders Prime Minister, by Sri 
before returning to Delhi on Lanka's Foreign Minister, Mr 
~ - - A.CS. Hameed, last month. 

Small victory for split Soviet family 

Stockholm — Mr Valentin partial victory (Christopher Swedish Prime Minister. Mr 
Agapov, a 52-year-old Soviet Mosey writes). Ingvar Carisson. 

sailor who jumped ship in He spent the day with his Her husband, whom she met 
Sweden in 1974 and for the daughter Lilia, who was nine while he was visiting Moscow, 
next 12 years waged an uncon- when he last saw her. committed suicide in Stock- 

vemional and often spectacular She was granted a l&day exit holm shortly after Mr 

battle with the Soviet bureau- visa to attend the funeral of her Carisson s visit 
cracy to be reunited with his Swedish husband after a plea Mr 4g3pov'$ wife and moth- 
family, yesterday celebrated a on Mr Agapov's behalf by the er are still in Moscow. 

gia ns are likely to notice the chance to take time off. 

Sunday night 

[joe' turns ; 

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Plot revealed in a family drama 

The discovery of a 
rare Elizabethan play 
at Melbourne Hall, 
Derby, could save its 
famous gardens for 
posterity, reports 
Geraldine Norman 

T he gardens or Melbourne 
Hall near Derby were laid 
out around 1700 with 
paths and vistas in the 
manner of Versailles and are ideal 
for small boys on bicycles. When a 
diminutive John Kerr sped down a 
pleasing gradient to make a crash 
landing in a fountain some SO years 
ago he cannot have spared a 
thought for the small octagonal 
buiiding known as the Muniment 
Room as he whizzed past iL 
Vet among the dusty bundles of 
papers it contained was the only 
surviving working draft of an 
Elizabethan play which, as chair- 
man of Bloomsbury Book Auc- 
tions. he is to sell on June 20 in the 
hope of raising enough money to 
save the Melbourne gardens for 
posterity. It is one of the most 
extraordinary' literary* discoveries 
of the century* and is estimated to 
fetch between £200.000 and 

Towards the end of Last year 
Edward Saunders, an architect and 
architectural historian, was sorting 
through the archives in the Muni- 
ment Room on behalf of the 
Marquess of Lothian. Lord John 
Kerr's brother, when he found an 
old sheet folded into four with 
writing on it. clearly misplaced in a 
box of garden pians. He noticed it 
was a play and put it on one side to 
show to Felix Pryor, a former 
Sotheby expert on manuscripts, 
who was helping to sort out the 
Melboum muniments with a view 
to a future sale. 

"It's like the pools”. Saunders 
sav-s. “You can't believe at first that 
you've found something really 
valuable.” Pryor recognized its 
importance, dating it initially 
around 1615. From the Muniment 
Room, a converted dovecote, the 

S * "ant Saunders and Pryor sped 
to tell the family of iheir 
discovery. Lord Lothian's son 
Ralph has a happy memory of the 
two men erupting into the sitting 
room and staging an impromptu 
performance of the scene in the 
manner of Monty Python - pre- 
sumably the work’s first perfor- 
mance since the 17tfc century. 

After several months of research. 
Pryor has made a near watertight 
case for attributing the scene to 
John Webster, who is considered, 
with Johnson, as Shakespeare's 
most serious rival among the great 

Playing for time: (above) Melbourne Hafl and its 
gardens, with (ringed) the Muniment Room where the 
draft of Webster's work was found; (inset) detail of 
Cornelias Jannsens's portrait of Sir John Coke, 
Principal Secretary of State to Charles I; and (far 
right) one page of the mannscript, doe to go on sale on 
J one 20. The first seven lines on the page read fike (Us: 

/ knowe thou art not by yt love thaw owest meeteU 

mee is theare ye least ground qf this letter? why 

should that brest harbour ye first thought <f danger 

Towards Alexander, Alexander would 

with his owne hands save thee a killing labor 

I had livde a thousand yeares too longe 

Yf my nearest freindsgrowe wearietg my being 

dramatists of the Elizabethan and 
Jacobean era. 

The plays of the period that we 
know today have survived in two 
forms: manuscript transcriptions 
of an author's work made for 
various purposes, such as presenta- 
tion to noble patrons, and printed 
texts published when the first 
popularity of the play had passed 
and the text was no longer a "hot 


imiaHy nothing has sur- 
vived” in a playwright's 
own hand. The excep- 
tions are Thomas 
Heywood's The Captives and The 
Book of Sir Thomas More which 
contains extensive revisions, some 
amounting to complete scenes, in 
the hands of various playwrights. 
These and the Melbourne manu- 
script are the only working drafts in 
a playwright's own hand to have 

The precise reason for hs preser- 
vation is likely to remain a 
mystery. It arrived at Melbourne in 
1634 when the papers of Sir John 
Coke, Charles Ps secretary of state, 
were sent from London to Mel- 
bourne. Sir John's new home. Like 
any care till civil servant today, be 
had his papers neatly filed and 
docketed. They were wrapped in 
separate bundles and Webster’s 
draft had been used as wrapping 
paper. This is borne out by the 

pencilled annotation “Packet 3” 
written on it when the Royal 
Commission on Historical Manu- 
scripts was preparing an inventory 
of the papers in the 1880s. Their 
interest lay in the political signifi- 
cance of the papers it wrapped and 
the sheet was destined to lie 
unnoticed for another hundred 

It was the practice of stationers 
around 1600 to sell large sheets of 
paper folded in four, and three 
sides of one of these have been used 
by the playwright The paper 
provides a rough dating but the 
scene is not from a known play and 
no example of Webster's handwrit- 
ing has survived to facilitate identi- 
fication. The -attribution of the 
scene to him is a matter of 
complicated literary deduction. 

The scene’s main protagonists 
are Alessandro il Mono, the last 
Medici Duke of Florence, and his 
cousin Lorenzo. Like Shakespeare 
before him. Webster adapted his- 
torical events, notably the unseem- 
ly carryings-on at small Italian 
courts, as plots for his plays. 
Lorenzo's murder of the degener- 
ate Duke after luring him to his 
sister's bedchamber with the prom- 
ise that he should enjoy her is just 
the stuff of which such plays are 
made. Webster’s two great trage- 
dies, The Duchess of Maifi and The 
White Devil, have similar plots. 

James Shirley, a slightly younger 

contemporary of Webster, used the 
same story for his play The Traitor. 
It con tains a scene which resembles 
that of the Melbourne manuscript 
closely enough to suggest that . 
Shirley reworked the completed 
play. The feet that another of his 
plays is a rework of The Duchess oj 
Maifi is a pointer towards 
Webster's authorship. 

The most telling arguments in 
favour of the Webster attribution, 
however, are concerned with liter- 
ary style. “Webster's tone is 
unmistakeable”, Graham Greene 
wrote. “The keen. economical 
pointed oddity of the dialogue, 
whether in prose or verse, express- 
ing the night side of life.-” 

That is, indeed, the tone found in 
the three-page scene. It also uses a 
method peculiar to Webster, the 
“borrowing” of phrases from other 
writers and his own earlier work. 

Pryor’s argument, which will be 
incorporated into the auction cata- 
logue, stretches over 32 pages. 
While there are sure to be rum- 
blings and arguments, he has made 
a very strong case Tor Webster's 

The discovery, has come in the 
nick of time for Lord Lothian and 
his family. The upkeep of Mel- 
bourne Hall and its g ar dens, both 
open to the public, costs some 
£80,000 a year and tbe family 
recently came dose to deciding to 
cut their losses and sell up. Both 

Lord Lothian and his eldest son 
divide their time between London 
and Scotland, the ctynastys tradi- 
tional base, ■ making Melbourne 
look expendable. Tbe Marchio- 
ness, however, and their youngest 
son. Lord Ralph, dug their toes in 
and said it must be preserved. An 
elaborate heritage solution is now. 
being hamme red out which will 
enable Lord Ralph and his wife to 
take it over as tbeir home. 

Tbe gardens are its principal 
glory, the best surviving example 
in Britain of a formal garden in the 
French style. Their ownership is 
bong transferred to a charitable 
trust which requires an endow- 
ment The bouse is befog scheduled 
as “heritage”, which will take it out 
of the death duty net and a 
maintenance fund is to be estab- 
lished for its upkeep. 

omething like £1 nrifoon 
must be found for the 
endowment of bouse and 
garden. The family is pin- 
ning its hopes on the sale of 
archival materi al and fend. The 
Webster manuscript is a much 
needed windfall 
Melbourne has.descended in die 
same family since it was purchased 
from the Bishops of Carlisle by Sir 
John Coke, Charles Ps mentor. His 
grandson. Vice Chamberlain at the 
courts of Queen Anne and George 
L laid out the gardens and added a 
modestly PaHadian garden wing, 


the last major change to the house. 
Passing on several occasions in tbe 
female line, il was owned by Lord 
Melbourne, Queen Victoria's first 
prime minister, and thus gave its 
name to the city in Australia. It was 
then inherited by bis aster. Emily, 
who married Lord Palmerston, and 
came to house a second notable 
Victorian prime minister. 

The Kerrs inherited at the turn of 
the century, with tbe result that the 
present Marquess and his brother. 
Lord John, were brought up there. 
Lord John, who ran Sotheby’s book 
department for more than 20 ye 
before leaving to help fou 
Bloomsbury Book Auctions, is tbe 
perfect “in-house” advisor oh the 
fern ily archives, where letters of Sir 
John Cote rub shoulders with 
those of Lord Melbourne and Lady 

The Derbyshire County Record 
Office has been sorting them out 
for several years and recently a 
small team of local scholars, had- 
ed by Edward Saunders, has ben 
employed to speed up tbe process 
and help establish what is suitable 
for sale. It is not dear at what stage 
in the process tbe papers of Sir 
John Cote -were removed from 
their original bundles of what faws 
happened to the rest of his wrap- 
pmg paper. There are more than 
half a million documents and it 
would be nice to befieve that other 
pages of the play may be lying 
unnoticed in another box. 

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Peking looks to the UN 

Three years ago tbe 10,000 
families living around Hoogze 
lake in China’s prosperous 
Jiangsu province faced starva- 
tion. They had literally fished 
out tbe body of water dial rep- 
resented their sole source of 

Tbe quality of their bousing 
had deteriorated to a state 
seal all too frequently in 
modern China — four or five 
people lived on boats 3.5 
metres long and some families 
were living in filthy mud-brick 
hovels on the lake’s marshy 

Today, thanks to grain, rice 
and lessons in aquaculture 
provided by the United 
Nations’ World Food Pro- 
gramme (WFP), the people 
living around Hongze fete are 
thriving. Old boats and dilapi- 
dated houses have been re- 
placed by new cement-bulled 
boats and brick dwellings. 
Fish are raised in pondsfor 
side or for restocking tbe late 

But. according to WFP offi- 
cials in Peking, not all such 
stories have happy endings. 
Similar poverty still exists, 
especially in Qinghai and 
Gansu provinces, and in the 
Niugxia Hui autonomous re- 
gion, more than 300 miles 
from the capital. 

There, on the edge of foe . 
Gobi desert, peasants try with- 
out much success to farm tbe 
yellow sofl. Men can be seen 
pulling ploughs because there 
is not enough grain to feed 
hones. People five in mud- 
brick huts, wear patched 
clothing and tend crops with 
home-made tools. Many bom 
coal for heat and use oO in 
old-fashioned lamps because 
they cannot pay for rural . 

The Chinese are 
self-sufficient, bnt 
at a very low level 

electricity rates. Plumbing 
does not exist. 

In one corner of Shanxi 
province, villagers lived in 
caves because they could not 
afford adequate housing. 
From 1981 to 1984 eight 
townships in the area supple- 
mented tbeir food with 9300 
tons of relief grain annually. 

Some 100 minion Chinese 
(almost twice tbe population 
of Britain) live below the 
povertv line, according' to tbe 
WFP. Their incomes are less 
than 120 yuan (£25) each year, 
annual consumption of cereals 
is no more than 200 kilo- 
grams, and they cannot clothe 

The World Food 
Programme is trying 
to help China, which 
has acute food and 
housing shortages 

or feed themselves without 

Those statistics paint a pic- 
ture that conflicts with 
Peking's line that the People's 
Republic is seffsufSdent in 
food. The Chinese are self- 
sufficient, but at a very low 
level, says WFP executive 
director James C Ingram. 

The average Chinese, ac- 
cording to Ingram, consumes 
400kg of cereals each year, and 
a slightly smaller amount of 
dairy and animal products. 

WFP has distributed 
765,000 tons bf food 
In seven years . 

China's poor consume only 
about 22kg of animal and 
dairy products. Per capita 
consumption of animal and 
dairy products in the west is 
mane than 700kg annually. 

Though Chinese officials 
refuse to discuss poverty and 
hunger, the problems are large 
enough for anyone to see. Ln 
the past seven years the WFP 
has distributed 763,000 tons 
of food directly and in the 
form of workers’ salaries fin- 
37 irrigation, finery, forestry, 
agricultural, famine relief and 
resettle me nt projects in China 
with a total value of $400 
million (£260 million). - 

Recent natural disasters, 
poor food distribution sys- 
tems and the steady encroach- 
ment of urban areas on 
valuable farmland (only about 
45 per cent of China's land 
mass is arable) have con- 
vinced tbe supporters of lead- 
er Deng Xiaoping that more 
must be done to ensure that 
Chita's millions have a de- 
pendable and varied food 
supply. Last year, for example, 
the nation's grain harvest 
plum melted by 20 minion 
tons to 380 million tons, to 
register the first production 
dedine in seven years. 

I il response to the political 
pressures engendered by the 
grain harvest drop, the recent- 
ly approved seventh live-year 
plan for national development - 
(1986-1990) proposes that ru- 
ral industries spawned by 
Deng’s responsibility system (. 

periodically lend out workers 
to help fanners grow wheat 
and other essential food crops. 

And in reaction to the 
droughts, winds, hailstorms 
and frosts that have affected 
12 million hectares of farm- 
land in eight provinces this 
past winter, the central gow* 
eminent has earmarked more 
than 400 million yuan in relief 
• More will have to be done. 
Deng, in an interview with 
foreign diplomats, pledged to 
boost average per capita in- 
comes to 800 yuan (£160) by | 
the year 2000. The present 
average is no more than 200 

To achieve such lofty goals 
the leadership and their suc- 
cessor will have to become 
far more flexible in allowing . 
outriders to help them. There i 
is a new attitude on tbe pan of | 
the central government about 
poverty in China. Says a WFP 
official based in Peking: ‘The 
authorities are beginning to let i 
us go into areas that have been 
dosed for yean so that we can 
get a first-hand look -at what is 
going on”. 

While-all to tbe good, those 
attitudes may prove to be too 
little too late. Says the WFP 
executive director “The same 
problems facing China's poor 
today are going to be with 
them for the next 20 years. 
Our future policies will be 
continuations of what we're 
doing in China now ” 

Robert Grieves I 


If ft seems a Httte eccenrtc for 
a major German erty orches- 
tra to matr<> hs London debut 
with two programmes con- 
taining only Beethoven's five 
piano concertos, then the 
f w j fimHnH is that for the 
Dresden Phflharnwmic Or- 
chestra and the pianist 
Martino Hrimo, this has 
tecooK something of a party 

Twice this, season, in 
Dresden's Kottarpnlast, they 
hare ssstdnmsly worked 
their wav through the concer- 
tos, following Beethoven’s 
original practice of perform- 
ing them without a conductor 
mnA yii r ugg in g off UJ prob- 
fems of strata. 

They repeat the cycle at the 
Royal Festival Hallthis Fri- 
day and on May 16, with Nos 
2,1 and 4 in tbe first concert 
on tbe first Friday , and Nos 3 
and 5 in tbe second. 

“Tbe first time we did it - 
bat September - we bad a 
foil week of rehearsal fbl- 
liowed by the two conceit 
days, one after another, and 
by tbe end we were rather 
tired”, admits Tirimo, who 
was born hr Greece but has 
lived fa London for tbe last 30 

“Bet as we expected, what 
emerged so dearly was that 
these five concertos, written 
in the space of 14 years, from 
1795 to 1809, fora an unbe- 
lievable journey of tbe 
It is rare for 
i’s fourth and fifth 
piano co n certos to be played 
without a cond actor ami even 
rarer for it to be done with a 
fuB-sized symphony orches- 
tra playing conventional rath- 
er than period instruments. 

Acclaimed: Martino Tirimo 

Tirimo points onL however, 
that there are precedents, 
raryfeg from Hans von Bidow 
and the Me m i ng e n Orchestra 
in the 1870s to Vladimir 
Ashkenazy is Adelaide in 
more recent times. 

Yet none hare taken 
Hrimo's m a rath on approach 
te programming. A physically 
frail, almost translucent man 
with a diffident personality, 
he . is far from 

Bet both the orchestra and 
Tirimo himself can do with 
the attention that the enter- 
prise demands. Despite a 
distinguished oast of 
composer/cmidnctors and so- 
loists, the Dresden Philhar- 
monic Orchestra has not 
to escape the shad- 
es alder brother, the 
Dresden Sta&tskapdle. 

And for Tirimo himself the 
Beethoven cycle is also an 
important step. Now aged 43, 
he can look back on an 
musical childhood 
(he conducted performances 
of Aida in Cyprus when be 
was eight) and more recently 
has made critically acclaimed 
recordings of popular piano 
concertos, fartwifing Brahms 
and. Rachmaninov. 

Tbe London performances 
of the Beethoven cycle may 
herald the first Western re- 
cordings of the Dresden Phil- 
harmonic — with Tirimo in 
the driving seat, of course. 
The fbtnre is nuclear — bnt it 
looks promising for Tiruao. 
The ^ orchestra is cur rentl y 
looking for a new chief con- 
ductor, and be has been 
invited back to Dresden in 
February not only to play 
piano concertos by Mozart, 
bat also to conduct Schubert's 
Symphony No 9. 

Nicolas Soames 


1 Rich cake (6) 

S Abruptf4> ■ ■ 

8 Cliff sill (5) 

9 Admirers’ gnoop (7) 
IX Unfavourable (8) 

13 Portuguese soug (4) 
15 Greatly distressed 


17 Smell (4) 

18 Picture fg> 

21 Libyan capita] (7) 

22 Mayhem (5) ' 

23 Slide (4) 

24 Wager (6) 


t Books check (5) 

■ 3 Sheep (3) 

4 Withheld (IS 

5 Rabbit Fur (4) .. 

6 Trusting (7) 

1 Downpour ({Q| 

19 Breeding line (10) 
12 Card Squid (4) - - 

14 Tease (4) 

w Tapered monument 

19 Forge Nock f 5) 

20 Adwentarous(4> 

22 Murmur (3) 

ACROSS: | Dosed 4 Scatter si 
Owen 13 Dreadnought 17 Rip 

set 23 

Triumph 7 Resent 
Upset 28Snug 

9 Outfits 

10 Venerate 11 
21 Veranda 22 As- 

2 Salon 

12 Snhta^P B i5S alc 4 Shooting brake 5 Atm 6 
« subtract 14 Regards BDriWf ft Statue 19 





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FASHION by Suzy Menkes 

~f mascu ^ ne ’ fashion from up-and-coming designers, many 

— JP en ’ echoes the languorous, elegant style of Katharine Hepburn 

Mannish tailoring, 

feminine softness 

Aoove toft Delicate cream short-steeved silk blousa, £90. Pale 
yellow Dalien silk side pleated skirt, El 70 both by Edina Ronay 
„ fc* ^PS at 1*1 Kings Road, SW3. Harvey Nichols. * 
Knf 95®^90- SW1 . Liberty* W1. Brown leattwbelt^aby 
Otto Glanz from Harvey Nichols, Knightsbridga, SW1 . 

Centre: White cotton shawl collared sweater, £95. Beiae 
gaberdrne pleat front trousers. £77 both by Nicole Farhifor 
Stephen Marks at 25-J&5 St Christophers Place. W1 27 
Hampstead High Street, NW3, Fenwicks, New Bond Street, W 1 
f? 5 *3?" Actuascutumn, 1 00 Regent 
Street. WJ. Silk scarf, £75 from Hermes, 155 New Bond Street, 
wiand 3 Royal Exchange, EC3.Three strand peart necklace, £75 

from Ken Lanp Riirlinntnn ArmHa Ufi cn D nn ..^ m' . 

bags, £7250: both from The Scoteh HoSrSSSS^m 
i and i 

from Ken Lane, 30 Burting^ArateT wTM^tKSnSptece* 
SW3 and 65 South Molton Street, W 1 . ’ 

H ollywood at play is 
the other side" of 
Dallas glamour. 
The classy, elegant 
sportswear that is 
now high fashion is as so- 
phisticated as its high-heeled 
counterpart. But it is acted out 
by a different kind of star. 

Garbo and Lauren Bacall 
gave the raincoat star status 
and made wide-legged, high- 
waisted trousers a symbol of 
thirties style. 

Katharine Hepburn, the 
subject of a new biography*, 
expresses most vividly the 
rangy fashions which " have 
been casual style for half a 
century. It is a look based on 
mannish tailoring, yet touch- 
ed with feminine softness: 
crisp white trousers worn with 
shapely waisted sweaters or 
elongated cardigans pulled 
down over the curves. 

Meryl Streep is another star 
cast in the Hepburn fashion 
mould — and not just the 
Titian frizz of hair. Her ward- 
robe in Out of Africa has been 
vulgarized by the fashion 
world as bush hats and safari 

The clothes are far more 
subtle and fashionable than 
that: the plainest dust-col- 
oured linen trousers or slim 
skirts, simple tailored blouses 
or waisted jackets, all drawing 
colours from the sunscorched 
Kenyan landscape but follow- 
ing the European form. 

Casual clothes with film star 
quality have a vitality that 
belies their classic status and 
makes them perennially ap- 

pealing. This spring there is a 
marked return Jo tailoring, 
and these sports clothes — 
carved like butter out of soft 
fabrics — are high style. 

It is significant that most of 
the designers who capture the 
Katharine Hepburn look are 
women. It started with Made- 
moiselle Chanel, who was the 
first to see the potential of the 
English gentleman's ward- 
robe, and to translate into 
women's fashion easy tailor- 
ing and pliable jersey under- 
things. From her shop in 
Deauville she developed a 
gentle sporty style, stiffened 
with sea breezes, that is still 
the acme of style for Atlantic 
holidays. Today's striped 
sweaters, brass-buHoned car- 
digans and wide flannels all 
owe a debt to ChaneL 

Edina Ronay is one of the 
new women tailors who cuts 
to shadow the body rather 
than grip iL She started with 
knits, which still form an im- 
portant pan of the collation 
which is sold from her shop at 
Liberty and in her newly 
opened shop within Harvey 

Her tailoring is based on 
simplicity: the perfect pleat 
front textured linen trouser in 
mouthwatering fondant pinks 
and creams, sand beige and 
khaki, or vivid sunshine or- 
ange. Her strongest skirt shape 
is a slim calf-length fined from 
hip to knee, then crisply 
pleated like the silhouette of 
ladies on a bowling green. On 
top go tailored jackets, plain 
blouses or knits that play with 

Hair by Peter Forrester 
Make-up by Charlie Duffy 
Photographs by NICK BRIGGS 

proportions by stopping at the 
waist or dropping to the knees. 

Another talent is Nicole 
Farbi, who is emerging in her 
own right from behind the Ste- 
phen Marks label, with shops 
in Fenwick of Bond Street, in 
Hampstead and St Christo- 
phers Place. Trousers are the 
lynchpin of her look, for these 
crisp, casual clothes are the 
reverse of fashion’s sexist style 
that has brought in clingy 
short skirts and body-con- 
scious shapes. 

T he body is important 
to Nicole Farhi. Like 
all the forward-look- 
ing designers, she is 
moving away from 
oversize and is redefining the 
female shape, with blouses 
that tie at the midriff, high- 
waist trousers that emphasise 
the waist and add a soft twist 
to mannish fabrics. 

The androgynous look is 
finished in high fashion, Jas- 
per Conran, who has always 
named Mile Chanel as his 
fashion heroine, follows her 
philosophy: that women want 
clothes designed for their lives 
and their comfort. Conran 
does not re-draw the female 
silhouette on masculine lines, 
or squeeze it into a high 
fashion siraitjackeL Instead he 
eases the hips into tailored 
trousers and produces a luxu- 
rious collection of shapely 
cashmeres that are rather like 
a box of expensive chocolates 
- hard-edged but soft-centred. 

New generation tailors are 
springing up in ail the fashion 

capitals and Lucille Lewm at 
Whrstles has a good selection 
of the young French names — 
many of them women — 
including Myrene de Pre- 

The American designers, 
from Calvin Klein to Ralph 
Lauren, have always under- 
stood the rangy sportswear 
that so suits the “Amazonian" 
American woman. The foot- 
wear that finishes off the look 
is exclusively American: 
sneakers, docksiders and the 
simplest white ptimsoll worn 
with bare brown ankles or 
bobby socks. 

But English style is at the 
heart of classy casual wear. 
The cable cricket sweater, the 
cricketing flannels, pleated 
skirts from the early days of 
Wimbledon as well as the 
bowling green are the founda- 
tion of the style. This damp 
spring, the classic British 
houses have come into their 
own — and not just to sell the 

Aquascutumn have always 
believed in the elegant tailor- 
ing that was overwhelmed a 
decade ago by ethnic layers. 
As those complexities are 
peeled away like the leaves of 
an artichoke, fashion has been 
left with the heart of the mat- 
ter: simple, well-made clothes 
that look as good now as when 
Katharine Hepburn was wear- 
ing them 40 years ago. 

* Katharine Hepburn, a biog- 
raphy by Anne Edwards, pub- 
lished by Hodder and 
Stoughton (£12.95). 

The stars come out in Tokyo 

David and Elizabeth Emanuel's oriental bride 

British designers Katharine 
Hamnett, Arabella Pollen and 
the Emanuels are to represent 
their country in Japan's big- 
gest fashion beano. Following 
the success of London's Fash- 
ion Aid in November, Fashion 
Aid Japan is bring sponsored 
by Fuji Television to raise 
money for Bob Gridofs Etb- 
iopan appeal Hamnett ami co 
wfll be joining their Japanese 
contemporaries on May 12 in 

This wiD not be the star- 
studded evening of interna- 
tional celebrities that made 
the London event such a roar- 
ing success. Geldof himself is 
unlikely to attend and, al- 
though Marie Helvin trill be 
appearing, there is still a 
question mark over the 
possibility of Japan's fashion 
cronies being dwarfed by the 
long Texan limbs of Jerry 

Brace Oldfield is heading 
east to stage his own show in 
Singapore, but be has already 
recorded a message of support 
for Fashion Aid which will be 
flashed across a screen during 
the show. 

Messages from musicians 
Nick Rhodes, B31 Wyman, 
Pan! and Linda McCartney 
and Peter Gabriel wfll also 

appear. The recent release of 
Absolute Beginners in Japan 
has brought eastern stardom 
to Patsy Kensit and Sade, who 
wiU have their pre-recorded 
tributes aired. 

K a thar ine Hamnett wiU 
present her slogan t-shirts 
bearing the words “two weeks 
weapons feed the world” 
against slides showing mush- 
room clouds, CND ma n plip q 
and the Greenpeace ship. 

David and Elizabeth 
Emanuel's contribution to this 
fashion extravaganza features 
120 garments which are being 
flown over next week under the 
charge of a wardrobe keeper 
from the Royal Opera House. 
Their 20-minnte slot will in- 
dade elegant silk day dresses 
from the new couture collec- 
tion. Their theatrical frothy 
ballgowns will be paraded on 
the hades of Japanese ballet 
dancers choreographed by 
Wayne Eagling and ex-ball- 
room dancing champion Peter 
Maxwell will be overseeing a 
troupe of Emanuel-clad hoof- 
ers. The grand finale will 
feature an Emanuel wedding 
kimono in ivory silk brocade 
shimmering with sequins and 


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Cutting the IBA down to size 


Et tu, 

Kurt Two 

Kurt Waldheim is not the only 
Austrian presidential contender 
with a controversial past: Kurt 
Steyrer. his socialist opponent, 
was once arrested on suspicion of 
being involved in an abortion — 
then illegal in Austria and carrying 
a possible ten-year prison sen- 
tence. The revelation comes from 
Wochenpresse. an independent 
weekly magazine, which disclosed 
that Steyrer. then a practising 
physician, was arrested at the end 
of the Second World War and held 
for several weeks by the American 
occupation forces, but was then 
released. Steyrer has never denied 
the account but says; “The charges 
were dropped when the complete 
groundlessness of the suspicions 
came to light”. In a country where 
83 per cent of the people are 
Roman Catholic, abortion is not 
popular. As a politician Steyrer 
nevertheless campaigned for its 
legalization and in the early 1970s 
he succeeded. 

Mesmerized by the deliberations 
of the Peacock committee on the 
financing of the BBC. we have lost 
sight of the Independent 
Broadcasting Authority, which 
has been exercising its powers in 
an arbitrary, high-handed manner. 

It refused to sanction the sale of 
Thames Television to Carlton 
Communications. The reason 
given was that the sale of a 
flourishing contractor would 
make a mockery of the franchising 
process. But the authority had 
itself made a mockery of that 
supposedly sacred procedure, 
standing idly by three years earlier 
as its breakfast-time contractor. 
TV -am. reneged on its promised 
programmes and changed its 
management and ownership. 

Then there was the refusal of the 
authority even to meet the Rank 
Organisation to discuss its pro- 
posed take-over of the Granada 
Group. 20 per cent of which is 
Granada Television, the north- 
west of England contractor. 

And in a quite unprecedented 
expression of frustration, the 
managing director of one of the 
smaller radio contractors. Radio 
Wyvera in Worcester, accused the 
authority of “making a pig's ear of 
an industry which flourishes in 
other countries”, and its chairman 
of refusing even to meet the 
company to discuss grievances. 

by Nicholas Mellersh 

Whatever criticisms may be 
made of the BBC. it does at least 
produce programmes. Not so the 
IBA. it is a bureaucracy and no 
more. Its functions are tbe selec- 
tion and appointment of pro- 
gramme contractors both in radio 
and television, the supervision of 
programming, the control of 
advertising and the transmission 
of programmes. 

How else could these functions 
be carried out? 

Two can be disposed of quite 
simply, first, the control of 
advertising. For all other media, 
this is performed by the Advertis- 
ing Standards Authority, a body 
more than capable of taking over 
the ISA's function. 

The transmission of pro- 
grammes involves the IBA in tbe 
ownership of transmitters up and 
down the country, with an expen- 
sive engineering maintenance and 
research operation. The solution 
here is for the transminers to be 
sold to the contractors, who could 
maintain them or contract the task 
out to the BBC. 

Much anention has been fo- 
cused on the appointment and 
dismissal of programme con- 
tractors. After the last round in 
1980. Lord Thomson of 

Monifleth. now IBA chairman 
and then deputy chairman, said: 
“There must be a belter way." 

There is. One such way, pro- 
posed by the SDP leader. David 
Owen, is that instead of the usual 
cumbersome processes of 
consultation and selection, fran- 
chises should simply be auctioned 
to the highest bidder. 

Another would be to give the 
existing contractors indefinite li- 
cences. subject only to termina- 
tion in extremis, and thus do away 
with the expensive charade of the 
award of franchises every eight 
years or so. This is not to suggest 
that contractors would have the 
right to their franchises in perpetu- 
ity, because an associated require- 
ment would be that their shares 
should be freely marketable. 

Currently, the IBA insists that it 
has the right of veto, on all but tbe 
smallest of share transfers, as 
Rank found to its cost. (It is 
remarkable that the council of the 
Stock Exchange has yet to point 
out to the IBA that programme 
contractors who enjoy the benefits 
of market quotation should be 
open to the often stimulating 
possibility of being taken over.) 

In this new order of things, how 
would programme standards be 

maintained? Without any controls 
at all. it would clearly be tempting 
for a new television mogul to buy 
a station 'and then maximize 
profits by transmitting only the 
cheapest programmes available. 

What is needed is a residual 
body a fraction of the size and cost 
of the present authority. This body 
would have two tasks only. One 
would be the termination of 
contracts' in extremis and the 
selection of a replacement com- 
pany: the other would be the 
supervision of programming pol- 
icy, rather than the control of 
every detail as at present 
The obsessive, interference by 
the authority in every aspect of 
programming stems from the 
Broadcasting Act which makes 
the IBA legally responsible fbr the 
programmes. This interference 
would be superfluous if the con- 
tractors were made the legal 
publishers of their programmes, as 
with newspapers and magazines. - 
The managing director ofRadio 
Wyvera asks: “Will no one rid us 
of this parasitical entity?" — aery 
that is echoed within television 
and radio as well as without If this 
government remains committed 
to freeing industry from tbe 
shackles of bureaucracy, the IBA 
should be in its sights. 

The author is a broadcasting 

Roger Scruton 

Vote, and save 
these children 

• As Neil Kinnodt continues to 
slap the extremists' wrists, one of 
La boar's ILEA candidates in 
Southwark could hardly be more 
unfortunately named: Lloyd Trott 

Bemie inflamed 

Haringey Tories are campaigning 
for Thursday's local election with 
an excoriating “Bye Bye Bemie” 
leaflet. It features a picture of a 
policeman reminding voters that 
PC Blakelock was “hacked to 
death” in the Broadwater Farm 
riot and that they should “never 
forget" it. The party also promises 
to move the gypsies out in an 
effort to expunge “filth" and 
“crime” from Tottenham. Gram's 
response? “The most appalling 
leaflet I have ever seen ... li is an 
insult to the travellers, to the 
Broadwater Farm Estate 3nd to 
the memory of PC Blakelock." 
The Bye Bye Bemie reference, he 
says. is a play on the song Bye Bye 
Blackbird. The pamphlet is now 
being studied by the National 
Council for Civil Liberties and the 
Commission for Racial Equality. 
Tory agent Peter Murphy insists it 
has been deliberately misunder- 
stood. “The response to our leaflet 
shows how ludicrous and over- 
sensitive they are. The picture of a 
policeman shows not PC Blake- 
lock — that m vidd have been in 
bad taste -but someone else. 
Bemie Grant is obsessed with 
racialism, so he would see our 
slogan that way." 

• One who knows teUs me Lord 
Halsbnry is off-beam in saying 
Chernobyl means “black borrow": 
“Tbe town is actually named after 
tbe inngwort plant (related to the 
wormwood) that grows plentifully 
there. The Rnssiaa for it is chemo- 
byl'nik." I doubt that it will be 
growing quite so plentifully. 


Concert-goers settling down in 
their seats at the Barbican on 
Sunday night for the Bernstein 
Festival looked round crossly 
when the opening moments of the 
suite from Canaide were marred 
by a coughing fit from the stalls. 
Only later, when he took a bow. 
did they realize that the white- 
haired figure so stricken was none 
other than Bernstein himself. 





‘They most have been using Fl-IIs’ 

Outside chance 

The manager of Newmarket's 
Rutland Arms hotel was delighted 
to receive a telephone booking the 
other day for millionaire race- 
horse owner Robert Sangster and 
his wife Susan. The caller, who 
said he was Sangsters personal 
assistant, said two highly valuable 
parcels would be arriving at the 
hotel to await the Sangsters' 
arrival: one would contain Mrs 
Sangsters jewellery, the other 
some business documents. Oh. 
and would the hotel mind paring 
the courier from the security firm. 
The amount: £420. The hotel 
would be reimbursed in the usual 
way. A shade suspicious, the 
manager rang the Sangsters and 
the police. In the meantime the 
pared arrived. Inside: old news- 
paper racing pages. 

Closed house 

Sales of strawberries and Pimm's 
on the House of Commons terrace 
are likely to fall dramatically after 
complaints from MPs that too 
much nlfraff has been intruding. 
The Commons services commit- 
tee has tightened the rules. Lobbv 
journalists will be banned from 
taking guests for a drink, and MPs 
will not be allowed to entertain 
large panics of constituents — 
much to their relief, no doubt. 
However, guests will still . be 
welcome at the adjoining Pavilion 
Bir. which is run by the more 
liberal-minded refreshments 
committee. PHS 

Six years after independence. Zim- 
babwe continues to command 
international attention and re- 
spect. The long, tenacious struggle 
aainsi white minority rule has 
been followed by impressive crash 
programmes in education, health 
and land reform. The economy 
remains viable. 

But the tribal problem refuses to 
go away. The continuing alien- 
ation of the Ndebele, dramatized 
by the rift between Robert 
Mugabe's ruling Zanu (PF) and 
Joshua Nkomo's Zapu, and by tbe 
persistence of armed dissidence in 
the western region, has exacted a 
heavy price on civil liberties. 

The menacing presence of 
South Africa south of the Lim- 
popo exacerbates Zimbabwe's se- 
curity problem; Pretoria not only 
maintains training camps in the 
Transvaal but supplies arms to the 
shadowy terrorist networic known 
as Super Zapu. 

The impact of these tensions on 
Zimbabwean political life has 
been wholly negative. Arbitrary 
emergency powers, inherited from 
the Smith regime, have been 
extended: opposition is constantly 
equated with treason; Mugabe's 
demands for a one-party state 
become indistinguishable from 

Myopia and strategic silence in 
Britain about this authoritarian 
drift are conditioned by the over- 
riding evil of apartheid. A worth- 
while future by-product of black 
rale in South Africa might be our 
own capacity to assess African 
regimes by the standards we apply 
to Europe and Latin America. 

In last year's general election 
Zapu won all 1 5 seats in Matabele- 
land. in most cases by overwhelm- 
ing majorities, while Mugabe's 
Zanu f PF) swept all but one of the 
other 65 black seats by equally 
impressive margins. But despite 
his huge parliamentary majority. 
Mugabe's reaction to the Ndebele 
vote -as also to Ian Smith’s 
acquisition of 15 of the 20 white 
seats -was one. of anger and 
threatened retribution. Soon after 
the results were declared, officially 
inspired riots took place in the 
townships of Harare. Bindura and 
Gweru. during which platoons of 
Zanu (PF) women ejected oppo- 
sition supporters from their 
homes. The police did nothing. 

In August some 150 Ndebele 
homes and maize stocks were 
burned at Sogwala-Silobela, a 
Zapu stronghold in the west 
midlands, by youth brigade mem- 
bers supported by the special 
constabulary. The pretext was the 
murder of Zanu (PF) local of- 
ficials. but the style of the opera- 
tion was unequivocally tribal; 
almost all of the victims were 

Equally ominous was Mugabe's 
replacement of the relatively mod- 
erate Minister of Home Affairs, 
Simbi Mubako. with the flamboy- 
ant. fire-raising Enos Nkala, the 
senior Ndebele in the ruling party 
and a ferocious opponent of 
Nkomo ever since Zanu broke 
away from Zapu in 1963. Al- 
though Nkala himself suffered 14 
years of detention under Smith, 
and was once adopted by Amnesty 
International as a prisoner of 
conscience, he lost no time in 

David Cante examines Mugabe’s record 
as he works for a one-party state 

Zimbabwe: grim 
march to a 
loss of liberty 

For Mugabe now — but an inevitable day of reckoning 

unleashing his own ministry's 
Police. Internal Security and 
Intelligence force, a unit even 
more ruthless than tbe Central 
Intelligence Organization con- 
trolled by the prime minister's 

Seven of the 15 Zapu MPs were 
arrested, along with a number of 
Bulawayo city councillors and 
scores of Zapu officials and 
supporters. Five of the Zapu MPs 
were held without charge or trial; 
two of them, Edward Ndlovu and 
Sidney Malunga. have recently 
been charged with conspiring to 
overthrow the government. Also 
accused is William Kona, a former 
MP and a leading Zapu figure in 
the Sogwala-Silobela area. 

A local woman told me what 
happened when a bus on which 
she was travelling was stopped at a 
roadblock outside Bulawayo: 
“Two paramilitaries jumped on. 
They wanted to know if there were 
any Konas in the bus. ‘Anybody 
by the surname Kona stand up 
and gel out of the bus.’ one yelledi 
No one moved or said a word. 
'Any Kona? Any Kona? Anyone to 
Bembusi?" No answer. Then they 
asked. 'Anybody going to 
Sogwala?* No answer." 

Successive purges have taken 
their toll of former commanders 
of the mainly Ndebele Zipra 
guerrilla force who after indepen- 
dence became officers of the 

national army. The two most 
notable. Dumiso Dabengwa and 
Lookout Masuku, remained in 
detention despite being cleared of 
charges in the High Court. 
Masuku was released a month 
before bis death in April this year. 

The most recent purge has 
affected an estimated 40 officers. 
A visitor to Chikunibi maximum- 
security prison in January counted 
the names of 104 political de- 
tainees on the board, plus a further 
48 convicted in the courts on 
security charges. George Marange, 
a member of Zapu's executive, has 
been held without trial since 
November 1984 - his second ar- 
rest since independence — despite 
high blood pressure and 14 years 
of detention under Smith. 

Not all detainees belong to 
Zapu. Phineas Sithole. a veteran 
trade unionist loyal to the minus- 
cule rump party. Zanu. has been 
imprisoned since November 1984. 
Also detained is Lot Dewa. 
Ndebele headmaster of a school in 
filabusi. who was jailed three 
times by the Smith regime. 

Amnesty imemational. having 
failed to make headway by private 
representations, published last 
November a report alleging that 
political prisoners were being 
tortured in Bulawayo's notorious 
Stops Camp and other named 
detention centres. Amnesty's re- 
port. based on the testimony of 

informants too frightened to be 
named, confirmed the systematic 
use of torture, including beatings, 
electric shocks and, much fa- 
voured, the near-suffocation of the 
victim by immersion in a canvas 
bag fun of water. 

An entire family may be ar- 
rested if one member is suspected 
of aiding armed dissidents. When 
arrests take place, lawyers experi- 
ence protracted difficulties in 
locating their clients; every de- 
fence lawyer I spoke to in Bula- 
wayo confirmed that in this 
respect the situation is worse than 
under Smith. Such is tbe armoury 
of authoritarian executive powers 
at the government's disposal that a 
lawyer, may hesitate before 
challenging a 30-day detention 
otder lest it immediately be 
converted into an indefinite min- 
isterial order virtually un- 
challengeable in the courts. 

Tbe escalator on which these 
depredations take place is heading 
inexorably toward a one-party 
state. This panacea, repeatedly 
demanded by Mugabe, has been 
supported by a plethora of argu- 
ments. According to Didymus 
Mutasa, Speaker of the House of 
Assembly, the single party repre- 
sents a peculiarly African symbi- 
osis of Marxism and traditional 
obedience to the chief 
Eddison Zvobgo. Minister for 
Parliamentary Affairs, promises 
that the Zimbabwean model will 
avoid authoritarianism by en- 
couraging “collective decision- 
making" The Transport Minister, 
Herbert Ushewokunze (now in 
semi-disgrace because of his 
tribal ist outburst in the Assembly 
after he had been implicated in a 
railway scandal), promotes the 
one-party state as an instrument in 
the struggle between national and 
international capital. Fred Shava, 
Minister of Labour, offers a gloss 
of his own: since Zapu is in basic 
agreement with Zanu (PF) on all 
major policies, there is no point in 
legalizing a phoney opposition. 

All this brushes aside the fact, 
amply demonstrated wherever it 
has been established, that the one- 
party stale invariably and in- 
evitably destroys freedom. African 
institutions need not copy the 
Westminster or Paris models, but 
liberty itself is as universal as the 
cry of prisoners suffering electric 
shocks or water torture. Tbe 
claims of ruling elites to be the sole 
authentic representatives of “the 
people" are invariably spurious 
and self-serving. 

As the Czech playwright Vaclav 
Havel pointed out during the 
Prague Spring of 1968, “There can 
be no democracy without public 
and legal competition for power." 

Not the least disturbing aspect 
of Zimbabwean politics is the 
subscription of Nkomo's Zapu to 
the principle of the one-party state 
(not to be confused with the 
unification of two parties). Only 
the timing and the conditions 
remain a matter of contention. 
The inter-party talks which have 
dragged on (and off) fitfully since 
last September appear to have 
stuck in the mud of placemanship 
and spoils rather than on tbe basic 
conditions for democracy and the 
inalienable right of minorities to a 
political voice of their own. 

© non Newspapers, 1918. 

Of the many reasons for being 
dissatisfied . with Sir Keith 
Joseph's performance as Educa- 
tion Secretary, none is more 
important than his failure to stand 
up to the . “para-educational 

By that phrase I mean the 
influential body of trendy opinion 
and vested interest which, with its 
feet ixi local government, its bead 
in the colleges of education and 
The Times Educational Supple- 
ment. and its body fattening in the 
Civil Service, works fbr' a 
“relevant" curriculum suited to 
producing die New Socialist Man. 

Since the 1960s, the school 
system has been steadily sub- 
verted by those bent on destroying 
the “elitist" culture whir* is our 
national heritage. In the- last two 
decades their success has been 

The comprehensive system re- 
mains despite the evidence for its . 
failure. The teaching of classics 
has virtually disappeared from 
state schools. Modern languages 
too have suffered: in London, for 
example, A-level German and 
Russian have dwindled almost to 

At the same -time sociology — ■ 
the textbooks for which are fre- 
quently little better than soft 
socialist propaganda — is now one 
of the most widely taught of all A- 
level courses. New, explicitly 
political, subjects, such as “peace 
studies" and “development educ- 
ation”. have found their way into 
the curriculum. Under the guise of 
“attitude education", every kind 
of radical propaganda can now be 
distributed in the classroom with- 
out fear of reprimand. 

Tune and again the evidence 
has been put before Sir Keith that, 
left-wing local authorities and 
pressure groups are turning 
schools into centres of agitprop. 
Bui he does nothing; indeed, acts 
as though there is precisely noth- 
ing to be done. 

It is true that the Conservative 
Party has never had much interest 
in state education. Too many of its 
representatives have been brought 
up in the belief that, for those 
citizens who matter, education is 
pursued (or at least avoided) in 
private and at personal expense. 
Hie fate of the lower ordershas 
therefore made little impact oh 
their imaginations. 

The fact is, however, that, since 
the growth of the para-educational 
establishment and the radicaliza- 
tion of local government, our - 
children have increasingly become 
the subjects of a wicked experi- 
ment in social engineering. 

The new attempt to establish 
left-wing indoctrination— in the 
name of peace studies^ world 
studies and the like — at the centre 
of the curriculum is simply the last 
and most explicit of a whole series 
of assaults on traditional educa- 
tional values. 

A wise Education Secretary 
would perhaps have welcomed it 
as providing the needed occasion 
for an explicit legislative move. 
Such a move would establish the 
first bridgehead in a counter- 
attack which, if it does not come 
soon, will come too late. But ail 
suggestions that the government 
might go so far as to outlaw 
political indoctrination in the 
classroom have met with nothing, 
from Sir Keith > except mild- 

mannered scepticism and weary 

' What, then is to be done? It 
seems to me that the public must 
at last overcome its reluctance to 
vote at local elections and do its 
utmost to gain possession of the 
local education authorities. In. 
London, the opportunity is to 
hand this Thursday when all 
voters may elect their repre- 
sentatives on the Inner London 
Education Authority. 

It should be recognized that no 
authority has been more active in 
promoting the new scholastic 
values than the one which tyran- 
nizes over LondornTn recent years 
it has spearheaded tbe campaign 
to introduce an explicitly politi- 
cized curriculum — a curriculum 
dedicated, in its own language, to 
“anti-racist”, “anti-sexist" and 
“anti-heterosexist” teaching. In 
glossy propaganda documents en- 
titled Race. Sex and CAzss^ distrib- 
uted to all London schools, it has 
made suggestions for the political 
vetting of teachers, courses and 

In its “pack of materials” on 
Auschwitz, it has endeavoured, 
with execrable taste, to use the 
horrors of Auschwitz so as to 
inspire disaffection towards con- 
temporary Britain — suggesting 
preposterous analogies between 
the murder of milhons and the 
banning of trade unions aiGCHQ, 
or the defence of the Falkland 

sion. On several occasions it has 
condoned or actively supported 
left-wing activism in the class- 
room, and only recently has it 
acknowledged the appalling aca- 
demic record of which it stands 
accused. - 

Perhaps nothing gives better 
evidence of the chaos to which tbe 
para-educational establishment 
has reduced secondary education 
in Britain than the academic 
record of the ILEA. In a report 
published by the National Council 
for Educational Standards, John 
Marks, Caroline Cox and Maciej 
Pomian-Srzednidri examined the 
performance of ELEA children in 
two successive years (1981 and 
1 982) and established that, during 
those years, the O-level pass rate 
is ILEA schools was 40 per cent 
below the national average. 

This staggering figure is in no 
way due to the quality of the 
intake: at the age of 1 1 pupils from 
the ILEA perform as well as any 
other 1 1 -year-olds. Tbe damage is 
- done to them between the ages of 
11 and 16, despite the fact that the 
ILEA spends approximately 40 
per cent more than the national 
average on the education of each 

The report covers only the years 
1981 and 1982. However, the 
ILEA's own figures show that 
there has been virtually no 
improvement since then. Despite 
this, the authority continues to 
devote its energies to the distribu- 
tion of radical propaganda, and to 
experiments in “curriculum re- 
form" likely to ensure that its 
pupils will fall yet further behind 
in their struggle for an education. 
It is surely time fbr parents to 
rescue their children from this 
experiment in subversion, and to 
establish, in the place of it, a 
responsible educational system. 

The author is editor of the Salis- 
bury Review. 

moreover , , . Miles Kington 

Genius at work 
in the bar 

How the fallout has tainted Gorbachov 

The longer-term political con- 
sequences of the Chernobyl disas- 
ter could well prove to be rather 
costly for Mikhail Gorbachov. It 
will have an impact on both 
domestic opinion and the Western 
constituency which he has been 
wooing so assiduously. 

Yesterday’s news of continuing 
radiation leakage at the plant and 
of heavier fallout levels in Poland 
will continue lo dent the image he 
has created of a leadership which 
has mastered technology. The 
Soviet system has. as so often 
before, emerged as incompetent to 
handle sophisticated technology. 
Not merely nuclear technology is 
implicated: the question mark is 
now over alt areas of Soviet 

The way the news of the disaster 
was handled puts paid, for a while 
at least, to the idea that the Soviet 
information system is on the road 
to greater openness. Even if this is 
more significant for the West than 
for Soviet opinion, it still repre- 
sents a loss of political assets 
which Gorbachov values. 

In this area. Western under- 
standing for the Soviet Union is 
valuable if not actually vital, tn 
that >t can obtain its much-needed 
infusion of technology only from 
Western sources. There will now 
inevitably be far greater scep- 

ticism about the value of technol- 
ogy transfers to a state that 
appears incapable of controlling 
its dangerous side-effects. 

Even more noteworthy, per- 
haps. is the revulsion in the West 
at the apparent hierarchy of values 
in the Soviet scheme of things 
where human life is concerned. 
The prestige of the system is now 
clearly shown to be more im- 
portant than the effect of radiation 
on people, whether in the Soviet 
Union. Eastern Europe or the 
West. The silence about the 
disaster, then the bland denials 
and the belated admissions ail 
support this conclusion. 

It may even happen that the 
Western ami-nuclear movement 
will begin to look seriously at what 
is happening in the Soviet Union 
and conclude that if nuclear 
eneigy poses a threat to mankind, 
this threat comes as much from 
the Soviet Union as from the 
West. The Soviet Union mav no 
longer be able to take for granted 
the free ride it has enjoyexi among 
a section of environmentalist 

The repercussions on the Soviet 
domestic scene are conceivably 
more damaging for, Gorbachov, 
though much less visibly so. No 
political leader likes to lose pres- 

tige. Gorbachov can ill afford to be 
in this position. 

He is still in the stage of 
consolidating his power. Although 
he has moved with great speed to 
instal his supporters in place of the 
large number of high-level and 
middle-level officials purged since 
his accession, he is by no means 
the dominant figure that his image 
in the West might suggest 

There is much to be said for the 
proposition that he is the head of a 
coalition of forces, rather than 
undisputed leader. To move for- 
ward. Gorbachov needs an un- 
blemished record. Chernobyl has 
put paid to that. 

In the Soviet system, respon- 
sibility is not understood as it is in 
the WesL The system, by stressing 
collective decision -making, is ac- 
tually structured to prevent of- 
ficials from having to assume 
responsibility. Instead, a symbolic 
figure will tv sacrificed to dem- 
onstrate that somebody is taking 
the blame for whatever has gone 
wrong. The top leadership is 
carefully cocooned against any 
direct political responsibility, but 
Gorbachov's opponents could 
well try to use the Chernobyl 
disaster against him. 

Furthermore, his strategy of 
sustained modernization does not 
command general support. There 

are influential anti-industrializing 
currents: warnings about the 
destruction of resources through 
rapid growth. 

The exiled Solzhenitsyn is a 
representative of this view, taking 
the position that- industrialization 
was alien to Russia and a ghastly 
error. Chernobyl may well give 
this anti-innovative current a 
focus. The party, of course, will be 
more than able to prevent it from 
coming together into a pressure 
group, but some of its ideas wifi 
permeate Soviet thinking. 

Chernobyl will not lead to tbe 
fall of Gorbachov but is likely to 
weaken his position and narrow 
his options. In Eastern Europe 
there has been considerable anger 
over Soviet prevarication. This 
will not make those countries any 
more comfortable about bow 
Moscow might behave in the 
event of a world crisis. 

In the Wesi. Gorbachov's image 
as the streamliner who wifi move 
the Soviet Union into the modern 
world and with whom it is possible 
to do business will take a while to 
recover, if it ever does. 

George Schdpflin 

The author lectures in Communist 
politics at the Lor don School of 

Do you ever hang around with 
Irish writers in pubs? I surely do. 
They don't get a lot of writing 
done, but they get through a lot of 
talking. I was listening to a pair the 
other day by the name of — well, 
let's call them Guinness and 

“Do you know what my failing 
is as a novelist?” said Guinness. 

“Lack of facility with words?" 
suggested Murphy. 

“Being middle class," said 
Guinness. “Being middle class, 1 
can only describe the middle class. 
Now. that's a small slice of 
humanity. It means that I can 
. never hope to describe, for want of 
a better word, what we might 
identify as . . . as . . ." 

“The working class?" 

“You have a way with words, 
Murphy. It does, in fact, mean that 
I have great difficulty in doing 
justice to the manual labourer. 
Did you know that when a 
member of the proletariat enters 
one of my novels, I actually feel 

“Is that so?” 

“It is so. When a worker enters a 
novel of mine. I hum and haw and 
then I change chapter." 

“A crippling liability." 

. “But I have a plan. I intend lo 
enter politics. Once inside politics, 

I intend to throw myself into the 
problems of the working class.’’ 
“You mean, give them work?" 
"No. no. I intend to raise them 
all to the level of the middle class! 
Fulfil all their desires for bour- 
geois respectability!” 

“With what result?” 

"Then I'll be able to describe 
them. They'll be like me." 

“And how will you get them to 
join the middle classes?” 

"By offering a discount." 

“I mean just what I say. The 

working classes are becoming used 

to joining bodies, whether it's -a 
trade union, Bupa, a credit card 
scheme or . . .' or . . 

“A video library?" 

“Exactly. So we place enormous 
ads m the papers saying. Join the 
Middle Gass. Enrol before 

September, and get 20 per cent off. 
Then become eligible for bridge 
evenings, wine . parties, siding 
holidays, boarding schools, horsey 
daughters, trips to the Hayward 
Gallery and much, much more! If 
we made the middle class a 
subscribable club, we could make 
a fortune." 

“What’s this we business, 

“You and me, Murphy.- We'd 
offer them brief tuition in how to 
be middle class, a bit like teaching 
them to ski or play tennis, and 
they’d be off. And we'd pocket the 
enrolment fee, and we'd be able 
to . . . able to , . 

“Have another pint of stout?" 
“That's very kind. I'd love to." 
There, was a brief pause for the 
refuelling of the conversation. 
Then Murphy set off again. 

-- “Shall I tell you my sincere 
reaction to your proposal, 

“Is there any way I can avoid it, 
Murphy? Then I will.” 

“As a business idea, 1 think it 
stinks. As an idea for a piece of 
fiction, I think it's great. Write it 
down. Make a short story out of 


“Short stories don't pay." 

“A novel, then." 

“Even less." 

“Well, at the very least, turn it 
into a short piece for a 

“Now you’re talking. News- 
paper articles always did pay 
better than novels. There is. 
however, a very profound ob- 
jection to the idea." 

“And what might that be?" 

“We Irish never get round to 
writing down these great ideas we 
have for pieces of fiction. We just 
talk them away at the bar." 

“Isn’t that the truth?" sighed 
Murphy. “All. vanished into thin 
air, and nobody to get h down on 

In which he was completely 
wrong, as I was jotting down 
everything titey said, and now I 
have turned it ail into a newspaper 
ariicie. As I'saicL it's well worth 
hanging around Irish writers. 





I Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

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Previous Western summits 
have condemned terrorism, 
but^e declarations have had a 

penimctory, vague and there- 
fore unconvincing ring. The 
assembled heads of govern- 
ment plainly thought on those 
earlier occasions that terror- 
ism was, of course, a bad thing. 
But t hey also gave the im- 
pression of regarding it as a 
fairly minor irritant in inter- 
national affairs and one, more- 
over, about which nothing 
much could be done. 

Yesterday’s statement on 
international terrorism from 
the Tokyo summit is a marked 
improvement. It admi t* th^ t 
terrorism increased while gov- 
ernments confined themselves 
to denouncing it. It singles out 
for criticism the “blatant and 
cynical” use of terror as an 
instrument of policy by several 
governments. It names Libya 
as one such state which has 
sponsored and assisted terror- 
ist actions. And it lists a 
programme of measures that 
the signatories have agreed to 
employ against terrorist states. 

To obtain the agreement of 
seven governments, most of 
which have profitable eco- 
nomic and commercial rela- 
tions with Libya and its Arab 
supporters, is no small 
achievement It represents the 
conversion of Western official- 
dom to a more serious and 
effective anti-terrorist policy. ' 

How did this conversion 
come about? One reason, 
implicitly conceded in the 
communique, is that terrorism 
has thrived during the period 
when it has. been appeased. 
Dismissive inactivity having 
failed, another ap p ro ach is 
being tried. 

A particular influence on the 

side of a more determined 
policy must have been the two 
rockets fired by Japanese ter- 
rorists on the summit's first 
day. They made it very diffi- 
cult for any head of govern- 
ment, especially Mr Nakasone, 
to resist either the lan g ua g e of 
stem condemnation or the 
practical proposals rightly de- 
manded by Mrs Thatcher and 
President Reagan. 

It was, however, the Libyan 
raid which provided the m ?nn 
incentive for the stronger 
declaration. Not only are the 
other heads of government 
anxious to take action against 
terrorism that can be pre- 
sented as effective enough to 
render any further US military 
action unnecessary. 

In addition, however, events 
since the raid have served to 
suggest that, contraiy to much 
pessimistic forecasting, force- 
ful resistance to state-spon- 
sored terrorism can achieve 
results. Colonel Gadaffi’s in- 
ternal position, far from being 
strengthened, has been eroded 
— though it would be rash to 
assume that this erosion is 
either permanent or severe. 
The Arab: countries have not 
rallied to him in any signifi- 
cant way. Indeed, they could 
not even reach agreement on 
the agenda for an Arab summit 
on the raid. And the Libyans 
have been, if anything, more 
cautious in their support for 
terrorism. Might not sustained 
diplomatic and other pressures 
also persuade Libya (and, by 
example, other terrorist states) 
that the game is not worth the 
candle? And with less risk? 

We should not, of course, 
exaggerate the likely practical 
impact of the measures taken. 
They are essentially similar to 

the list of non-economic sanc- 
tions against Libya adopted by 
the European Community in 
the wake of the Libyan raid. 
Restrictions such as limiting 
the number of diplomats in the 
embassy of a state involved in 
terrorism, or introducing 
stricter visa and immigration 
control towards the nationals 
of terrorist states, or excluding 
from all Western countries 
anyone (diplomat or not) who 
has been expelled for terrorist 
activity from one Western 
state — these will make life 
somewhat more difficult for 
terrorists. If some nations 
implement them seriously and 
others do not, the effect will be 
to redirect terrorist activity 
from the first to the second 
group. Of themselves, how- 
ever, they are unlikely to 
reduce the level of terrorism 

That point has been made in 
the past by both the British 
and American governments. 
They have in turn proposed 
such measures as a complete 
breach of diplomatic relations 
with terrorist states and, in 
President Reagan’s owe, the 
imposition of economic sanc- 
tions. Such additional mea- 
sures — and ones likely to be 
still more effective such as a 
cavil airline quarantine of 
states that are shown to be 
involved in hijacking — will 
have to be examined more 
doisely if the measures agreed 
yesterday do indeed prove 

That, however, lies in the 
future. For the moment, die 
task before the nations at the 
summit is to translate their 
signature on the anti-terrorist 
declaration into effective 
fldniinis frativft action. 

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s a t won 

he bar 

It was, said Mrs Thatcher, as 
she emerged from the 
Commonwealth heads of gov- 
ernment meeting in Nassau 
last autumn, “a tiny, tiny” 
concession. Mrs Thatcher's 
crumb to the rest of the 
Commonwealth . -united as 
never before in its desire to da 
something about South Africa, 
was the appointment of the 
grandiloquently-named Emi- 
nent Persons Group (in truth, 
former Commonwealth poli- 
ticians) to investigate 
Pretoria’s willingness to aban- 
don apartheid. 

As an exercise in deflective 
diplomacy, the concession 
worked, winning her a tem- 
porary respite. As an effective 
tool for securing peace and 
equity in South Africa, it 
seemed at first glance to have a 
very slim chance of success. 

The obvious incompatibil- 
ity of interests, both perceived 
and real, and the equally 
obvious incompatibility of 
some of the personalities in- 
volved (the Group includes 
some of Pretoria’s most stri- 
dent critics) could have stran- 
gled the initiative at birth. So 
could South Africa’s long-held 
objection to any outside inter- 
ference in its domestic affairs. 

But to those who have been 
able to detect the Eminent 
Persons Group at work — and 
given its obsessive eschewing 
of the diplomatic spotlight, 
detection has proved ex- 
tremely difficult — it is dear 
that something is going on in 

the shadows. The South Af- 
rican Foreign Minister's recent 
assertion that it was a “useful 
exercise”, the Group’s de- 
cision last week to return to 
South Africa for further talks, 
and some hopeful, if vague, 
noises by Commonwealth 
heads of government all ra- 
dicate a flicker of light in the 
gathering Sonth African 

Pretoria’s willingness to 
lower its resistance to outside 
interference owes something 
to a fear of punitive sanctions. 
There is also a very real desire 
not to leave Mrs Thatcher, 
who attaches great importance 
to the mission, in the lurch. 
But these are. not the only 
spurs. There is in South Af- 
rican government circles today 
a real and urgent desire to 
defuse the rising tide 'of vi- 
olence and initiate negotia- 
tions with the country’s Mack 
leaders. And in this at least, the 
interests of Pretoria and the. 
Eminent Persons Group co- 

Even moderates, such as 
Chief Mangosuthu Buthelezi, 
have made it dear.that nego- 
tiation cannot start until Nel- 
son Mandela is released from 
prison and the African Na- 
tional Congress is unbanned 
and allowed to test its still- 
symbolic strength against rival 
black political organizations 
within South Africa itself 
President Botha, for his part, 
has made it equally clear that 

Mandela’s release and the 
return of the ANC depends on 
a decrease, if not a cessation of 
die violence. 

It is the Group’s immensely 
difficult task to use its good 

offices not only in Pretoria, but 
and the other Front 

in Lusaka 
Line 'capitals to har monize 
these views. The feet that the 
project has come this fer 
without unravelling indicates 
an unexpected flexibility on aD 
sides. It has certainly required 
a degree of statesmanship for 
the South African government 
to swallow its pride and accept 
the Group’s mediation. 
Equally important has been 
the Group’s skill at silent 
diplomacy as well as the 
exhortations and encourage- 
ment which have certainly 
flowed from Downing Street 

But if the auguries remain 
good, nobody should doubt 
the difficulties that lie ahead. 
International impatience with 
South Africa, the looming 
mid-June deadline for the 
report the constant cry for 
sanctions, and the pressures on 
the Group to move out of the 
shadows and into the arena of 
public diplomacy could all 
torpedo this initiative. It is to 
be hoped they do not As an 
American official remarked 
recently, it is the only game in 
town. If the players are Jeff in 
peace, Mrs Thatcher’s tiny, 
tiny concession could yet be a 
major step towards resolving 
the conflict in South Africa. 



ij '•»' 





The recent history oflndia and 
Pakistan is an expression of 
two contrasting responses to 
religion. Pakistan, bom out of 
the separate identity of some 
subcontinental Muslims, is a 
theologically defined state. Is- 
lam is its raison d'etre. India 
epitomises the oppos ite, an 
attempt to merge different 

tfc religions in a common secular 

India’s attempt is still, how- 
ever, just that - an attempt. 
Religion is still the source of 
the threat - generally known by 
the name of communalism - 
that the state most fears. The 
Sikh crisis, the so-called Hindu 
backlash and the anger of the 
Muslims are aiL in their own 
wavs, part of the reawakening 
of' religion’s communahsm. 
Thev represent a retreat from 
the outward-looking secular 

. aspirations of modern India. 

\ Instead they embody the 

centrifugal regional paro- 
chialism that could tear me 
Indian experiment apart. Ttos 
is why they pose one of the 
most significant problems that 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi today con- 

* In recent weeks this reasser- 

tion of sectarian nitoferance 

. a .imienf (TISlS TOT 



in an otherwise little noticed 
town in Northern India has 
proved how vulnerable the 
country’s secularism can be. A 
dispute over whether a build- 
ing is a mosque or a temple 
erupted in Hindu-Muslim ri- 
ots which rapidly engulfed the 
two communities from Cal- 
cutta to Kashmir. The killings 
defied curfew ancflast week the 
state government in Kashmir 
feD. It appeared to have lost 
any grip on the communal 
emotions that had been -un- 

In a separate move, after a 
Supreme Court judgement 
enforcing the rights of Muslim 
divorcees to alimony, the Con- 
gress Party has been pressured 

by orthodox Muslims to pass 
le gislati on denying this. Under 
Islamic personal few a woman 
lias a right to such mainte- 
nance for only three months. 
Under India’s : secular civil 
code it is permanent No doubt 
the clash between such re- 
ligious traditions and secular 
aspirations was inevitable; the 
defeat of the teller was not 

Muslims are mainly Con-, 
gress supporters and as long as 
it pays to pander to religious 
votes India’S politicians will 
allow her coromimalisig 10 
thriven By the same token the 
answer lies in the first instance 

with the politicians. A new, 
younger generation was 
elected in the wake of Mr 
Gandhf s 1984 victory. It is for 
them to lead the way. 

At their bead is the 41 year 
old prime minister. Mr Gan- 
dhi is a modem man. Unlike 
many other politicians he is 
not religious. He even admits 
to agnosticism. He is therefore 
the ideal person to stem the 
tide of communalism, if only 
he would. His instincts would 
certainly lead him to do so. His 
politics or at least his party 
have not 

His recent decision to ex- 
empt India’s Muslim women 
from the rules of the secular 
code was a retrograde step. It 
will have given heart to the 
very forces of narrow minded 
prejudice and religious zeal- 
otry he is seeking to vanquish. 
The next time that Mr Gandhi 
feces a similar challenge he 
must: not let his own ideals 
down. If he does he could end 
up becoming one of the vic- 
tims of the communal tempest 
he foiled to confront In that 
event India will have again 
foiled in the experiment to 
unite its diverse castes and 
creeds under the single banner 
of a common secular identity. 
And without that India itself 
cannot survive. 


Prospect of European super-state 

From Mr Peter Horsfield, QC, and 
Mr Leoiin Price, QC 
Sir. There is presently before 
Parliament a Bill to approve the 
Single European Act which 
amends the Treaty of Rome. 

For reasons which we find very 
difficult to understand the signing 
of the Act itself in February of this 
year and the passage of tire Bill 
approving the Act have attracted 
almost no comment mid, so fer as 
we are aware, no critical anaiygfc 

This is the more extraordinary 
since the Act plainly involves 
important constitutional changes 
and is in terms expressed as a step 
towards establishing a European 
political union. The explanation 
may He in the success of the 
Government's attempts to repre- 
sent the Act as being concerned 
only with minor matters affecting 
the freedom of the European 
internal market and involving no 
loss of UK sovereignty. 

A detailed analysis of die Act 
would not be possible in this letter. 
However, the following points 
may give your readers some idea 
of the flavour of the Act 

1. The preamble to the Act states 
that its motivation is to transform 
relations as a whole among the 
EEC stales “into a European 
union . . . and to invest this union 
with the necessary means of 
action'*. In short, the Act is in 
terms directed to the establish- 
ment of a political union, some- 
thing which every government 
(including the present one) has 
consistently disavowed since the 
UK first joined the E EC. 

2. Article 1 of Title I reaffir m* the 
statement of intent in the pre- 
amble by stipulating a common 
intention to make “concrete 
progress towards European 
unity". As a signatory to the Act, 
one can only assume that (despite 
its protestations to the contrary) 
the British Government shares 
this common intention. 

3. The principal mechanisms by 
which the Act series to effect its 
object are by strengthening the 
directive powers of the Commis- 
sion and reducing the role of the 
national veto. The areas over 
which the veto is abolished 
(unanimous derision being re- 
placed by “qualified majority 

derision") are so extensive that 
they can fairly be described as 

embodying virtually the whole of 
the member nations' social poli- 
cies: these areas are certainly not 
limited to matters directly con- 
cerned with the freedom of the 
internal market. 

4. The political significance of 
“qualified majority** voting on 
these broad and vitally important 
areas of policy lias been noted in 
the special report on the Act by the 
Select Committee on European 
Legislation (printed February 26, 
1986). In particular the committee 
has pointed out that not even two 
members of the “big four" 
(France, Germany. Italy and the 
UK), let alone a single member, 
would be able to block a Commis- 
sion proposal and that the new 
Mediterranean block (whose in- 
terests, traditions and culture are 
profoundly different from ours) 
would exert a major influence: 

Put shortly, if the Act is (as 
seems likdy) approved by Par- 
liament, the greater part of this 
country's social policy will, in the 
last analysis, be in the hands of the 
Commission subject to the major- 
ity votes of other states. Perhaps 
even more importantly, the green 
light will have been formally given 
to the creation of a European 

More generally, our concern is 
that the processes by which, in the 
EEC, governmental powers are 
exercised and new EEC law is 
proposed and enacted are quite 
unlike that responsible “govern- 
ment in Parliament** which has 
been developed at Westminster 
and is part of our heritage and our 

We are bring eased, by stealth, 
towards something quite different: 
where more and more gov- 
ernmental power is to be ex- 
ercised, away from Westminster, 
by institutions which do not 
derive from our constitutional 
traditions and which gre, in our 
terms, constitutionally irrespon- 

Without deli berate and elabo- 
rate explanation and public dis- 
cussion this remarkable change in 
our constitutional arrangements 
cannot be said to command our 
informed national consent 
Yours f aithfull y, 



8 Stone Buildings. 

Lincoln's Inn, WC2. 

Making a better 
job of gaols 

From the Director of The New 

Sir. 1 was most taken with Peter 
Evans's article,“Mutiny on the 
container ship” (May 2) concern- 
ing prison officers (POs) and 
particularly their slated desire to 
play a part in the rehabilitation of 

Sir, this role for the POs appears 
to me to be absolutely crucial. At 
present the life of a K) is boring, 
tiring and without scope for 
achievement; very bad for morale. 
It is only necessary to took at a 
party of POs coming on duty to 
see how uninspired and. indeed, 
unfit they are. What is there to 
stimulate them? Is the best 
brought out in than? What calibre 
of person would take such a job if 
they could get any other? ' 

Peter Evans writes of their links 
to their “tribal lords, the chief 
officers.** The point is that chief 
officers have a lot in common with 
such forces for attitude as regi- 
mental sergeant majors. They 
understand the POs. speak their 
language, understand their “try- 
ons.** And, as with many an NCO, 
it is all too easy for them to pull 
the wool over the eyes of the 

Apart from there being far too 
many people in prison who 
shouldn't be there — another story 
— the POs should be engaged in an 
imaginative and energetic pro- 
gramme of training; professional, 
educational and physical, for their 
charges — we know all about that 
sort of thing from our Armed 
Services. Then there would be 
something for POs and prisoners 
to live for and the attraction 
would exist for recruiting men of 
the highest calibre. 

Let us get out of our present 
slack-bellied approach to prisons. 
It does not work. So many 
prisoners start as “ruined people" 
let down by everything in their 
lives from parents onwards. Any- 
thing that POs can do to repair 
that ruin is just basic common 

Yours faithfully, 


The New Bridge, 

Room A 1 Thorpe Close, 
Ladbroke Grove, WIG. 

May 2. 

Loans for gas 

From Mr Alex Henney 
Sir, Cbntrary to the impression Mr 
Probert, marketing director of the 
British Gas Corporation (April 25) 
attempted to convey, money is not 
thrown indiscriminately at energy 
conservation programmes in 

In open hearings the Public 
Utilities Commission has devel- 
oped tests which a programme has 
to meet, namely that it is bene- 
ficial to the individual participant 
and to society as a whole; that it 
does not disbenefit utility stock- 
holders; and that it does not 
disbenefit those who do not 
participate. Furthermore, the 
effectiveness of the programme is 

In Britain, notwithstanding the 
Energy Committee's criticism in 
198 1 that the Government bad no 
idea as to when or whether it was 
more economic to invest in energy 
supply or conservation, we axe still 
none the wiser. 

US and Libya 

From Mrs Leila M. Partner 
Sir. Every tingle point in EKe 
Kedourie's article, “Defining the 
American role" (April 28) can be 
stood on its head. He takes for 
granted that Europe depends on 
American power against Russian 
ambitions without questioning 
whether h is America's quarrel 
and not Europe's. Libya is dis- 
missed as being of no account. 
Therefore why use overwhelming 
force against such a weakling? 

Libyan trade is brushed aside as 
being of no consequence fen it 
could be of importance to these 
who work in Libya. 

Professor Kedourie suggests 
that the Nato connection may 
seem less desirable in the eyes of 
the American public. What about 
the reaction to the Nato connec- 
tion by the European public? I 
myself saw demonstrations in 
Italy telling Amercia to get out of 

The premise that terrorism can 

be combated by armed might can 
lead directly to the way the Nazis 
acted in reprisals against, for 
example, the partisans. 

Professor Kedourie never asks 
whether Arab states may be 
declaring solidarity for GadaJfi 
out of a real feeling of “Arafeiess" 
which in feet does seem to exist 
Israeli intransigence is thought by 
many people to have contributed 
to a non-solution of the Arab- 
Israeli question. 

I agree that other conflicts could 
break out in the Middle East but 
America can't wash her hands of it 
all. as she was very involved in the 
UN decision to set up the State of 

In the end one is left with the 
feeling that Professor Kedourie 
thinks that superpower status is 
acquired by military might and 
nothing else. There is no trace of 
pity for the underdog. Is this really 
bow America wants to be viewed? 

9a Kingsgate Street, 

Winchester, Hampshire 

The Department of Energy, 
which is surely one of the less 
illustrious cornets of Whitehall, 
has done nothing beyond cosmetic 
measures to promote energy 
conservation. And in particular it 
has done nothing to make the 
nationalised energy industries 
play a significant role in promot- 
ing conservation when it is in the 
public interest to do so. 

We will continue to be less 
energy-efficient than many other 
countries as long as we allow 
energy monopolies, be they pri- 
vately or publicly owned, to 
pursue their own interests regard- 
less of the general public interest. 
They should have a statutory duty 
to promote the efficient usejof 

Yours sincerely, 


38 Swains Lane, N6. 

Water for sale 

Missed off the list 

From Mr John Hughes 
Sir, A propos British Leyland’s 
preference for model names such 
as Maestro, Metro, etc, might it 
not be appropriate to call their 
latest modd Mikado, or even 
Mikado GS, in view of their dose 
links with Honda of Japan? 

Yoms faithfully, 


Three Ways, 

Hinton on the Green, 



From Mr Francis Bertnion 
Sir, The proposal to privatize our 
water authorities overlooks the 
feet that these include what is 
essentially a public element The 
Thames Water Authority, for 
example, is by law entrusted with 
the management of the nation’s 
greatest river highway. 

This public element is fully 
recognised by the governing stat- 
ute, the Water Act of 1973. The 
Act requires water authorities, in 
their management and trusteeship 
of what are undoubtedly national 
assets, to preserve the beauty of 
rural and urban areas, conserve 
flora, fauna and geological or 
physiographical features of special 
interest, mid protect buildings and 
other objects of architectural, 
archaeological or historic interest. 

The authorities most preserve 
public access to mountains, 
moors, heaths, downland, cliffs 
and shores. They must protect 
public rights of navigation, and 
put their property rights to the best 
use for allowing public recreation. 

For these purposes the water 
authorities have extensive powers 
to make byelaws enforceable by 
the criminal courts. These and 
other powers have been used over 
a long period by the water 
authorities and their statutory 
predecessors in the service of the 
public. Their officers and employ- 
ees are imbued with this tradition 

of public service, which in most 
instances has been faithfully up- 

River regulation is akin to local 
government No one would 
contemplate privatizing local 
authorities, because their duties 
are by their very nature essentially 
public. In many if not all their 
functions, water authorities are 
but another form of local author- 
ity, and should surely be treated 

Yours faithfully. 


62 Thames Street Oxford. 

April 29. 

First seal? 

From the Reverend Michael Day 
Sir, No, Sir. Mr Bewes's seal (April 
30) is not the first to be seen by 
Putney Bridge. On January 2, 
1983, I was trying out a new 
camera on Putney Bridge and. 
looking down, I saw a seal 
swimming upstream. 

Unfortunately I was trying out a 
wide-angle lens and the final 
prints showed a mere insignificant 
dot on moving water. Not much 
use as visible proof of the righting, 
f am afraid. 

I am. Sir, yours faithfully, 

Si George's Vestry, 

7 Little RusselJ Street WC1. 

April 30. 

Teachers 9 incentives 

From Professor E. J. Burge 
Sir, There win always be dif- 
ferences in supply and demand for 
teachers in different subject areas 
because of competing more attrac- 
tive employment for certain sub- 
jects. A general increase of salaries 
for teachers cannot hope to solve 
the staff shortage problems of 
subjects such as mathematics and 

An important first step has been 
taken to attract more graduates to 
train as teachers in these subjects, 
and in craft and design technol- 
ogy, namely the award of an extra 
£1,200, free of tax and means test, 
for the one-year postgraduate 
certificate courses starting next 
October. If this is not effective 
then other measures win be 
needed to prevent the increasing 
disintegration of the very founda- 
tions of our teaching and training 
of scientists, engineers, technolo- 

gists and medical and dental 

But if we do attract more 
mathematicians and physicists to 
become teachers, shall we be able 
to keep them in the lace of 
competing jobs in industry and 
commerce? Some features of the 
school environment could be im- 
proved, including more technician 
assistance and more and better 
equipment and supplies, but it is 
feared that this would not be 
enough. There can be but one 
conclusion, namely supplements 
to the salaries of teachers in vital 
shortage subjects. 

Such supplements should be 
recognised as adjustable cash in- 
centives for recruitment and 
retention, and must not be con- 
fused with permanent differential 
salaries or bonuses for good 
performance. That t here are al- 
ready in operation some covert 
incentive awards is not denied, 
but marginally higher points cm 

the salary scale, special 
responsibility allowances and die 
like, are not working in the State 
sector and are operated un- 

The present low morale of 
schoolteachers needs a boost from 
across-the-board salary awards 
negotiated with explicit respect to 
required changes of practice. The 
incentives for essential shortage 
subjects must be manifestly over 
and above such general increases. 

Habitual instinctive claims that 
all teachers should be paid on the 
same scale must be challenged if 
we are to teach our children what 
is needed in the competitive world 
of employment 
Yours truly, 


Royal Holloway and 
Bedford New College, 

Department of Physics, 

Eghara HilL 
Egharo. Surrey. 

April 23. 

MAY 6 1858 

Lucknow fell to Sir Colin 
Campbell, later Lord Clyde (I792r 
1863), in March 1858. In this issue 
thirteen colunms describing the 
action and its aftermatk mpeared, 
all from the pen of WUuam 
Howard RanelL 




MARCH 24. 

1 visited two little parties of 
prisoners to-day, and the effect 
produced on me was very different 
indeed. First, in company with 
Captain Herbert Brace, the chief of 
the Secret Intelligence Department 
at head-quarters, I went to the 
Maztinihe to see the Begums and 
their ladies and slaves, who are 
placed there, for their own sake, 
under a guard of native soldiers. In 
one of toe ground floors, in a large 
but dirty apartment, without door 
or window as far as I could see, 
were lodged the late inmates of the 

luxurious Tpnima nf fha 

Kaiserbagh. There were three 
groups of women sitting on the 
floor, wrapped in white cotton 
robes not over dean. Those near 
the door were s e r va n ts or wmting 
women. a& of remarkable ugliness, 
and among Hx-m was running 
about a little bit of bronze — a 
prince of Oode, in period indiffer- 
ence to what passed around h™, 
and to the absence of do thing. 
Near the wan on our left were slave 
girls of the elder of the Beguma, 
who had just learnt that there was 
no recognition of slavery by British 
law, martial or civil, and who were 
anxioas to go away as soon as they 
could. They were for the most part 
young and lean, and two had such 
pretensions to beauty as flue eyes 
and hair and beautiful teeth can 
give. The Begums, two in number, 
sat at the end of the mom - one 
with her head veiled, who never 
stirred or spoke while we were in 
the room, the other old and slightly 
crusted with dirt, who got on hn 
legs and spoke incessantly. These 
poor ladies - by the by, they had no 
very a ris t oc ratic air at bearing, 
except perfect composnre - are not 
prisoners. They may go away when 
and where they please, but they do 
not understand this perfect liberty; 
they rely, however, on good Sir 
J ampc. Out ran, unit 
fear is that their slaves will go 
away. They have been informed 
that Government can do nothing 
for them, and if they had shown 
pity for our women and children we 
might feel pity for their miserable 
con di tion. . . . Strange are the 

events of war and the incidentB on 
which they turn! I have often 
thought how different had been the 
course of action on the part of 
commanders if they knew the 
counsels of their adversaries and 
their plans of action. It is now 
stated on excellent authority that 
when Sir Colin Campbell was 
marching away after his famous 
relief of the garrison of Lucknow 
his enemies, so far from thin king of 
an attack upon us. were almost 
ready to surrender at discretion. It 
must be remembered that the 
works which now astonish us did 
not then exist, and that the 
advance of a force which had 
inflicted on the Sepoys the tremen- 
dous punishment of the 
Secunderingh- and had marched to 
the Residency, occupying most 
commanding positions, could not 
fait to aVffm enemy. The 
Begum in terror proposed to said 
in to the Commander-in-Chief for 
terms, and to hoist a white flag on 
the Kaiserbag h ; but the chief and 
Sepoy soubahdars met in council, 
and determined to wait for 24 
hours before they resolved on any 
course of the l™d , and during 
those 24 hours our Commander-in- 
Chief, little thinking by what 
feelings the enemy were agitated, 
was making his dispositions for the 
masterly retreat which brought 
him just in time to Cawnpore. The 
enemy could scarcely credit their 
senses when they found the Resi- 
dency and its defences all empty, 
and for some time they were in 
dread that we had prepared some 
trap for them to fall into; but when 
assured of our retreat their 
vapouring and exultation became 
mihniH^ari, anil, unmindful Of 
ominous token given fay Outram’e 
presence in the Ahmibagh, they 
delared that the British would 
never again show their faces in 
Lucknow. I regret to be obliged to 
des troy the foundation for such 
pretty poetry and pretty pictures as 
the story of Jessie, the Highland 
lassie, and the bagpipes of the 
Highlanders has afforded at home; 
but, on inquiry, 1 find that there 
were no bagpipes played within, 
many miles of Lucknow, and that 
the voices of slogan ami pibroch 
were silent, not a warlike squeak 
announced that “the Ca m pb e lls 
were coming”, but, more, or less, 
than all, there was no lassie at all in 
the garrison 

How long, O Lord? 

From Mr Peter King 
Sir, The optimum duration of an 
organ voluntary would seem to be 
short enough for a conviction. It 
was I who played Barry’s “Fan- 
tasia and Fugue in G” — not E, 
with great respect to Mr Selman 
(April 29) - in Lichfield Cathedra] 
on St George's Day: and it lasted 
precisely 10 minutes five seconds. 
To cover a distance of twelve 
miles in that time requires an 
average speed of 71.4 mph. 

Yours faithfully, 


10 The Close. 

Lichfield. Staffordshire. 

From Mr C. W.J Walls 
Sir, The length of an organ 
voluntary is determined according 
to hs function. For a broadcast of 
choral evensong the optimum 
duration is from the grace to the 

Yours faithfully, 

C W. J. WALLS (Organ Scholar), 
Christ's College, Cambridge. 

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iscras »ajr^50B B z* ff« S-T^g 5-SJ cn «TT?o G-e K ?s=l m»-g »a-5.»Rro 







May 5: The Princess Anne, Mrs 
Mark Phillips, Patron of the 
Suffolk Horse Society, attended 
the Spring Show at Suffolk 
Agricultural Association 
Showground. Ipswich today. 

■ Her Royal Highness travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight and was received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
Suffolk (Sir Joshua Rowley, Bt). 

The Countess of Lichfield was 
hi attendance. 

May 5: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon was 
present this evening at a Pre- 
view of La Cageaux Folles held 
in aid of the National Society for 
the Prevention of Cruelty to 
Children, of which Her Royal 
Highness is President, and the 
Jewish Welfare Board at the 
Palladium Theatre, Argyll 

The Countess Alexander of 
Tunis was in attendance. 



Mr MA Bam by 
and Miss LA. Bondage 
-The engagement is announced 
between Miles Andrew, only son 
of Mr and Mrs H. Barn by, of 
Ballamooar Beg. Sandygate. Isle 
of Man, and Elizabeth Ann, 
younger daughter of Mr and Mrs 
J.‘ Bowdage, of Hookers, 
Foresiside, Rowlands Castle, 

MrP.W. Hardman 
and Mbs HJL Twelves 
The engagement is announced 
between PauL son of Mr and 
Mrs W.P. Hardman, of Kyloe 
House Farm. Dalton. Northum- 
berland. 1 and Hannah, eldest 
daughter of Mr and Mrs AJLF. 
Twelves, of Ashford in the 
Water, Derbyshire. 

Mr H-J. HawksfieJd 
-and Miss PJ. Hutchinson 
The engagement is announced 
between James, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Peter Hawksfield, 
of Gussage, All Saints. Dorset, 
and Philippa (Wi z), elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs David 
Hutchinson, of Wester ham, 

Prince and Princess Michael of 
Kent are to visit Brooke Yachts 
Ltd, Lowestoft, on May 14, 
where Princess Michael will 
launch Vigrin Atlantic Chal- 
lenger n. 

Prince Michael of Kent, as 
President of the Institute of the 
Motor Industry, will attend the 
i institute's annual dinner at 
Chesford Grange Hotel. Kenil- 
worth, on May 1 5. 

Prince Michael of Kent is to 
open a car auction centre at 
Blackbushe Aerodrome on May 
20 . 

Prince Michael of Kem, as 
President of the Royal Auto- 
mobile Club, will take part in 
the RAC Classic Car Run Grom 
Epsom to Silverstone on May 

A memorial service for Mr Tom 
Sbdford will be held in 
Lincoln's Inn Chapel at 5 pm 

A memorial service for the life 
of Mr Ernest Gunner will be 
held at Si Bartholomew the 
Great, West SmithfieJd, EC I, on 
Wednesday, May 14, ai i 130 

Mr D-R- Sinks 
and Miss N J. Allen 
The engagement is announced 
between Duncan Robert, son of 
Mr and Mrs Bulks, of Virginia 
Water. Surrey, and Nicola Jen- 
nifer, daughter of Mr Peter Allen 
and Mis Elizabeth Allen, of 
Ascot. Berkshire. 

Mr CN-F. Kinsky 
and Miss N-E. Farrant 
The engagement is announced 
between Cyril, son of Count and 
Countess Alfons Kinsky, of La 
Norjeanne, Palhiers 1936, 
Verbier. Switzerland, and 
Natasha, daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Alan Fanant, of Chelsea, 

Mr S.G. Knight 
and Miss AJVL Yates 
The engagement is announced 
between Stephen, only son of 
Mr and Mrs Geoffrey Knight, of 
Marbdla, Spain, and Alysa, 
youngest daughter of Mr and 
Mrs Leslie Yates, of Barnet, 

Mr CJ. Martin 
and Miss FJVL Greenwood 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles John, third son 
of Mr and Mrs C.PJ. Martin, of 
GreenmounL Clonsilla, Co 


Latest appointments include: 
Mr James John Skinner and 
Mr Michael Howard Johnson to 
be . Social Security 

Mr DJB. Chapman to be joint 
Registrar for the districts "of 
Ashton -under-Lyme, Bury, 
Hyde, Oldham and Rochdale 
County Courts and joint Dis- 
trict Registrar in the District 
Registries of the High Court at 
Bury. Oldham and Rochdale 
from June 2- 

Bakombe, Sussex. 

The Duke of Kent to be chair- 
man of the Duke of Edinburgh's 
Study Conferences (UK Fund) 
from June I in succession to Mr 
Edward Guinness. Sr Pester 
Parker to be vice-chairman of 
the trustees. 

Mr Timothy Cook to be derk of 
the City Parochial Foundation 
on the retirement of Mr Bryan 
H- Woods. 

Mr Ian P. TOdd to be president 
of the Royal College ofSurgeons 
of England fpr the msuing year 
from July 9. 


Mr CJ*. Young 
and Miss CM. Watts 
The marriage took place on 
Monday in Wells Cathedral of 
Mr Charles Patrick Young, elder 
son of Sir Roger and Lady 
Young, of Bath, and Miss Clare 
Mary Watts, daughter to Mr and 
Mrs Gervase Watts, of Wells. 
Somerset The Bishop of Oxford 
officiated, assisted by Dom 
Philip Jebb. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Hannah Peck, 
Emma Watts and Miss Annie 
Smith. Mr Roger Christopher 
Young was best man. 

Science report 

Life and death in the tidal flats 

Tidal flats, which act as 
nurseries for some young fish, 
have been the subject of an 
intensive study sponsored by 
the West German Research 
Society (DFG). By detennm- 
ing how sole, flomder and 
plaice smrive in these nataral 
aquaria, researchers from 
Hamburg University hope to 
learn more about their life 

One of the initial difficulties 
they faced was that the distri- 
bution of fish in the dads was 
not constant, varying and 
shifting because fid the tides, 
winds, changes in water tem- 
peratures and salinity. 

The marine biologists there- 
fore took a series of spontane- 
ous samples to establish any 
variations in the distribution 
in mortality of fish hurvae on 
North Sea beaches. 

The tidal flats, at times as 
shallow as one or two 
centimetres, were tire habitat 
of some species of fish larvae 
before they changed to their 
bottom-dwelling mode of life. 

They were the survivors (in 
the case of plaice, less than 1 

By Andrew Wiseman 

per cent) of the thousands of 
millions of eggs spawned by 
the parent fell in tire sea. By 
the time they had readied the 
tidal flab they could only 
surviv e by feeding on plankton 
and by protectim themselves 
against predatory fish and 

The researchers established 

that larvae and fish tended to 
swim when hungry and to rest 
at the bottom when replete. 
Initially, they avoided deep 
water, deliberately seeking the 
most shallow parts of the 
pools, by moving with the tide. 
When the tide ebbed they 
tinned themselves against the 
flow of the current as it 
reached a speed of about five 
centimetres a second. 

This ability to respond by 
movement to the stimulus of 
water, known as positive 
rheotaxis, has an obvious ad- 
vantage: by staying in shallow 
water, which provided enough 
food for their diet, the fish 
kept apart from more mature 
mem bos of the species and 
from other potential predators. 

They learnt how to feed 

themselves (having previously 
relied on a yolk sac for food 
supplies) without any mtexfer- 
ence. This helped them to 
grow quickly, which in tom 
made it possible for them to 
swim fart enough to escape 
from any enemies. 

The Germans found that tire 
pools were also a threat to the 
fish. Normally at low tide, 
they were buried beneath the 
surface, waiting for the next 
tide to feed. But when die 
water temperature rose, they 
risked something like sun- 
burn, were forced to abandon 
positive rheotaxis and swim 

This mass exodns - some- 
times covering a distance of 
two kilometres - was extreme* 
ly dangerous, because they 
then fell prey to galls. The 
mortality among young sole, 
dne to this migration, was 
es timate d in between 14 and 
27 percenL 

Paradoxically, if fish conU 
not escape from the over- 
heated pools, their only hope 
of sarrival toy in the next tide 
or tire sun disappearing behind 

Howell’s School, 

The governors announce tire 
appointment of Mr John H. 
Delany as Headmaster ‘ of 
Howell's School, Denbigh, with 
effect from January 1. 1987. Mr 
Delany, who is 49, is currently 
Headmaster of Bedgebury 
School, Goudhuxst, Kent, and 
succeeds the late Dr John T. 



The annual reunion will take 
place at Raicliffe College on 
May 16. 17 and 18. 1986. and 
special emphasis this year is 
being placed on the return of 
those who attended Ratdiffe 
between 1930-1939. 

The annual meeting of the 
association will be held at 5 pm 
on Saturday. May 17, and will 
be followed by the annual 
dinner. Speakers will be Mr 
John Tierney and Lieutenant- 
Colonel John Heggs. The grand 
match will take place on Sun- 
day, May IS, at 1 1.30 am. 

Prayer Book Society 

The conference on the Book of 
Common Prayer in Today's 
Church will take place on Sat- 
urday, May 17, at Exeter 
University. A buffet lunch is 
included. Applications, enclos- 
ing £6 with a sax. should be 
sent to Prayer Book Society 
Conference Secretary, Rosedale, 
Snowdon Cottage Lane, Chard, 
Somerset, TA20 1LN. by May 
10 . 

London Association 
of Lancastrians 

Tire following have been elected 
officers of tire Association of 
Lancastrians in London for the 
ensuing year 

President, Lord Shuttfeworth; 
deputy president. Judge TJL 
Pigot, QC and vice-presidents. 
Lord Justice GlideweH and Sir 
Robert Hasten. 

£4 i few + 15% VAT 

(minimum 3 hoes) 

Aimomcems. anthemieacd by the 
name and permanent address of tbe 
under, may be um to: 

P0 BOX 484 

or telephoned (by telephone sabs- 
cibcrs only) ur S1-4S1 3024 

Ann ounc e m ent* can be received by 
t el eph on e between Q.Ofam and 
oo Slur- 
12 noon. 

ThanlaWHCU Mr Ms sMI be- 
yond words, 
a CortoifwM* * »* 

BRADSHAW . On 3rd May 1986 at 
•- Pbnnoath Id Valerie tree Thompson) 
and Nicholas. 9 Joseph PamcK. 


BARTON • on Friday 2nd May May 
Knowles (Many), widow of Col. Ted 
Barton 4ttT/l50i F.F.R.. beloved 
moUier of Peter and much loved 
grandmother. Funeral sen-tea at 
Matnesbury Abbey at 2J0 p-m. on 
Monday 12th May. No flowers but 
donations if desired to Malnesbury 

■ATTLEY Dorothy Sybil on iff May 
1986 peacefully at Oulwteti Hospital. 
Former Chairwoman of BWUor 
Brothers Printers and widow of John 
R BattJey JP MP FHSA. Beloved 
mother of DovM and Bernard and 
stsler of Gladys. Sendee of_Thani t» 
diving at 1200 noon on Thursday 
8th May at St Barnabas Church. 
Cation Avenue. SE21 YDG. Followed 
by private cremation at west Nor- 
wood. Family flowers otdy but 
donations gratefully received to St 
Thomas’ Scanner Appeal. Special 
Trustees. St Thomas 1 Hospital. Loo- 
don SCI TEH 

UWOI - On May 4th. Suddenly at 
home. Oliver William, Moved bus- 
band. canter and grandfather. 
Funeral oo Friday May 9th. Son at 
AH Saints Church. Men. Sussex, sub- 
ten to oonflrmauon with family or 
Ellis Bros (Rye 22239a). Family 
dowers only’. 

£75,000 survey to 
cut court Wait 

York University is to cany 
out research which could lead 
to a cut in waiting lists at 
crown courts throughout the 
country. . 

The Lord Chancellor’s de- 
partment has awarded a 
£75,000 contract to the De* 
pertinent of Social Policy and 
Social Work. ."•••• 

The research project, sched- 
uled for completion by early 
1988, will study the reasons 
why people- choose to be tried 
by a jury rather than a 

The number of peppte 
choosing, jury trial is rising 
every year, causing * backlog 
at the crown courts. 

The choice is available on 
most medium-range offences. 
Research has suggested that 
juries convict fewer people 
than magistrates do. . 

The university project, led 

Two share 

From Harry Gotenibek 
Chess Correspondent 
StHetier . 

Some interesting play yester- 
day m round three -of the 
Lloyds Bank Jersey Interna- 1 
tional Open Chess Tourna- 
ment left Benson and -Qufllan 
in the lead with three points 

Horae made a slip and Iosta 

left him with insufficent at- 
tack to compensate for this 
loss. The. results in round 
three were: 

Money 0, Rollings 1; Benson 1, 
Horne 0; Walker 0, QaillaD I; 
Morttelli 0, LeBtoncq 1; Beilin 
1, Wpjciecbowsld ft Thomson 
'h, Jackson ft; Collip 1 , Fulton • 
ft Neve 0, Reddin 1; Delanoy 1, 
Poulton 0; Blow ft, Walters ft; 
Vanputten 1. Plaat ft Milhes 1.' 
Godfrey ft Baccot ft, Gomel ft; . 
Soesan 1, Causey ft Murray ft, 
Guere* ft; Whitley 0, Scott I; 
Flewiti I, Kevin of the Teachers 
0. Burgisser has the bye. 

Lighthouse visit 

The Queen is to interrupt the 
Royal Family’s traditional sum- 
mer cruise round Scotland on 
the Royal Yacht Britannia to 
visit Ardnamurchan Light- 
house. nearly 40 miles west of 
Fort William, on August II. 

by Dr Tony Fbwles, a . soda! 
- policy lecturer, w£D be used to 
plan possible changes in the 
law. Dr Fowies said a pilot 
..prefect has. already started at 
Leeds Magistrates' Court: 

Themaio research-wouldbe 
concentrated on three, courts 
throughout the country, which 
might include York. ' 

He said -the' numbers of 
people sent for .trial by jury 
varied 'from court tp court, 
-partly . because some magis- 
trates werekeerier than, others 
to deal .with the cases. 

’ Dr Fowies said he wanted to 
pick three courts with differ- 
ent records for sending people 
to crown . -court - He and his 
researchers would sift through 
court records , and sit in on 
cases. - . . 

' Hundreds - of defendants 
would be interviewed to see 
why toey/dhose trial by jury. 

sells by 
the yard 

Mike Kerris, the artist is 
selling his latest mas te rpiece 
by the yard, and it i$~a case of 
never mind the quality, look 
at tbe length. 

The painter hasoompleted 
40 ft of Plymouth's longest 
painting, arid visitors- to the 
city’s Barbican Gallery are 
queuing op to boy bits of it 
white ft is still wet ■ 

His lOfta-day production 
rateis his novel way of raising 
money fortheHoyaLNationa] 
Lifeboat Institution. : . Those 
who cann ot afiotd to buy a 
yard of his original oil. paint- 
ing are asked for a guess 
at the finished length. 

“It is. not difficult ■■■to get* 
inspiration,” Mr Kerris, aged 
48, from Polkerries, Cornwall, 
said between brush strokes. “I 
am just dreaming up the 
subjects as I go along.” 

. The price for each piece 
varies according to its quality 
but customers .can commis- 
sion their own scenes if they 

“Someone is pestering me 
to paint in some swans at £2 
each,” the painter said. He 
hopes to finish his marathon 
task tomorrow, when the 
painting will be laid on the 
pavement outside the gallery 
to be offioaHy measured. 


Authority on grassland 

Professor J. D. Ivins. CBE. 
Professor of Agriculture at foe 
University of Nottingham 
who died on April 22, at the 
age of 63. was one of British 
apiculture’s most respected 

Brought up on a SraJJord- 
shire farm, he graduated from 
Reading University and was 
posted to the National Insti- 
tute of Agricultural Botany in 
1946 as a trials officer to the 
Midland Agricultural College 
at Sutton Bonington. 

When the college became a 
faculty of Nottingham Uni- 
versity, Ivins lectured in crop 
husbandry and in 1958 be was 
appointed to a Chair in Agri- 

He was one of the mam 
architects of the School of 
Agriculture which, throughout 
the 1960s and 1970s. grew in 
$ize reputation. 

He organized some of the 
first Easter Schools, now 
world-famous, and many of 
the students whom he trained 
and influenced have them- 
selves become leading figures 
in the agricultural industry, in 
education and in research. 

His main interest was grass- 

land: the assessment of pro- 
duction in teams of growth by 
grazing animate, and the pro- 
vision of seed. 

He had been chairman of 
the United Kingdom Seeds 
Executive since 1978, but 
many other university and 

national - committees benefit- 
led from his ability to resolve 
problems m a forthright way, 
whether concerned with tech- 
nical aspects of agriculture, 

undergraduate teaching or 
staff management 4 

He was Deputy Vice-Chan- 
cellor at Nottingham from 
1969 to 1974. president of 
Section M (Agriculture) of the 
■ British Association in 1973, 
and chairman of the NIAB 
Council in 1974. 

He was elected a Fellow of 
the Royal Agricultural Society 
in 1973, and made CBE in 

Ivins was in. charge of tire 
university farms, knew every 
inch of their grounds, and 
took pride in their profitabili- 
ty. His own garden was im- 
maculate and he made it a 
matter of honour to produce 
the earliest potatoes and th*> 
largest onions in the district - 


Sir Derek Hilton, a former 
President of the Law Society, 
has. died after a long illness, 
aged 77. 

Born on April Il» 1908, at 
Oldham, Lancashire, he was 
educated at Rugby and Trinity 

rum, vAiiwnieb, — - 

read law. Hilton was articled 
to his father, Percy Hilton, 
and was admitted as a solicitor 
in 1932. 

- He became a partner in a 
find of Manchester solicitors 
in 1936 and practised in that 
city for much of his profes- 
sional life. 

On the outbreak of the 
Second World War, he enlist- . 
ed with the Manchester Regi- 
ment and was seconded to tbe 
Special Operations Executive 
in which branch. he served 
from 1940-45. He was award- 
ed the Norwegian liberty 

Hilton was elected a mem- 
ber of tbe Council of the 

Manchester Law Society in 
1946, was its honorary secre- 
tary from 1950-59. and be* 
came president in 1957. 

At the s8zne time, .national 
bodies were demanding his 
expertise. He was elected to 

.l. /— t c»l,h. 

in 1951, rising to become 
president m 1965-66. He was 
President of the Associated 
Provincial Law Societies in 
1959-60. For eight years from 
1970 he served as President of 
tbe Immigration Appeal Trij, 
banal in London. 

He travelled widely on Law 
Society business, and in 1965 
ted a 100-strong delegation of 
solicitors attending the Third 
Commonwealth and Empire 
Law Conference in Australia. 

Away from work, he en- 
joyed gardening, walking and 

He married, in 1945, Joan- 
na, daughter of Sir Arnold 
Stott, FRCP, and they had 
three daughters. 


Mr Frank Lattin, CMG, 
who served as Development 
Commissioner in colonial 
Uganda and was instrumental 
in the founding of the Over- 
seas Pensioners’ Association, 
has died at the age of 81. 

Educated at Appleby Gram- 
mar School andDurhamUm- 
veraty, he joined the Colonial 
Administrative Service in 
1930, serving in Uganda.. Dur- 
ing the war ho was Deputy 
Controller of Prices and Mili- 
tary Contracts in Kenya. - 
. He subsequently returned 
to Uganda where, in 1949, he 
became, commissioner, in 
charge of the country’s ten 
year development plan, 
among other things chairing 
the committee which recom- 
mended extension of the road 
and rail network. - 

He was also a meimber of 
the Government's Legislative 
Assembly, and was Acting 
financial Secretary prior to 
his early retirement in 1951. 

. Returning to this country, 
Lattin became London repre- 
sentative of the Uganda Elec- 
tricity Board; here his 
previous experience as deputy 
chairman' of the board was of 

. considerable value in the im- 
plementation of the scheme to 
construct a hydro-electric sta- . 
lion at the Owen Falls on the 1 

He was also instrumental in 
persuading the Ugandan gov- 
ernment to buy and develop 
the site in Trafalgar Square 
which later became Uganda 

During this period in Lon- 
don he will be remembered, 
too, for his initiative in per- 
suading tbe various overseas 
territories’ pensioners to 
amalgamate as the Overseas 
Pensioners’ Association. 

His unstinting efforts, on 
behajf of all former colonial 
servants, persuaded the Brit- 
ish government to accept re- 
sponsibility for seeing that 
their pensions were kept in 
step with the increases granted 
to home civil servants, where ^ 
any territory failed to do so. 

From 1963 to 1968 he was 
Bursar of Grey College, Dur- 
ham, and was among tbe first 
.to recognize the financial po- 
tential of campus and colle- 
giate university buildings as 
conference centres, an aim he 
promoted energetically. 


peacefully at Lymmeum Hospital af- 
ter a UM of Christian oevooon to 
others. Barbara Grace of Honfle. 
near Lytmngtoa- Beloved sister of 
Geoffrey amt me late Marione. Fu- 
neral Service at Henila Parish 
Church on Tuesday May 13th as 
i-JO pan. toSowed W cr e ma tion at 
Bo urn em ou t h 

SILVER - peacefully on May Iff. Wmi- 
cent SDver FJtCM. (Mrs John 
Francis! The Funeral Service at 
Golden Green Crematorium 5pm 
Friday May 9th. Rowers to GJF. 
Cook. 88 Haventock MIL NWS. 


COWER. A service of thankeglvftig /tor 
the ere of Denis Joseph Gowetr will 
be held at St Peter and Sr Paul, cat 
Bowden, nr Market Harborough. on 
Monday. May 12fh at 3 pm. 

TflinADB - The memorial ssreloe (tor 
Emmanuel VaOadts win be heM at 
The Russian Church. Emdsmore 
Gardens. London SW7. cm Tuesday 
20th May at 6-15 jun. 


WSKIMG, Thomas Chapel died «Ui 
May 1886 bt Buenos Aires. Born 
16th October. 1808. IHaqan Hhpt- 

way. Cornwall. Hu> great - 

grandaoshler Bttabsh Thomas 
Hashing, honours las memory on his 
100th Anniversary. 


DOS1A ■ She waned in beanty- 
LAR D A U Frederick Anthony. 13th 
Dec 1909 - 6th May 1970. Remem- 
beraf today and every day with love 
and BrnHtnde. 

Snowdon’s award 

■The Royal . Photographic 
Society’s Silver Progress Medal 
has been awarded to the Earl of 
Snowdon. The citation men- 
tions "his enthusiasm, his art- 
istry. his variety of subject 
matter, his perception, his ho-* 
mour, and perhaps most notice- 
able of alt. -his compassion, 
allied stall times to his technical 

Parliament today 

Commons .(2.50): Debate on 
situation in prisons- finance 
Bill, committee. . 

(2.30): Animals (Scien- 
tific Procedures) Bill. Commons 
amendments. Agriculture Bill, 
second reading. 

Latest wills 
Poet leaves 
£70,240 in UK 

Mr Robert Ranke Graves, the 
poet, of Deya, Mallorca, left 
estate in 'Eng land and Wales 
valued at £70,240 net- 
Ca plain Winiam Henry Spencer 
Hart; of Harley Street, London, 
left £261,412 net. After personal 
bequests totalling £8,000 he left 
the residue to be distributed to 

Mr Lawrence John Dobie, of 
London N7. the playwright and 
former . sub-editor • on The 
Guardian, left £135,763. net. 
Odier. estates include (net, be- 
fore tax. paid): , .. 

Baxter, Mr. Arthur Doughs, of 

Eden bridge— ... . ... £486.628 

Breftnuyer, Mias .-..Winifred 
Mary.of Kenerio&~^_ £602.083 
Cross, Ivy Linda, of Midford, 

Bath- — — ™ £430/552 

■Faraworto; Lilian Jemima, of 

Hove : £398,442 

Fisher, Mr Donald. James, of 

Wokfingham S74.072 

G hs sn mn , Mr H&rokL. of 
Quickswood Green, 

Liverpool ...£756,738 

Jones. Mr Bernard James, of 
Brecon. : chartered 

accountant — £358,408 

MxsJdn. Mr Bertram Frank, of 
Ryde. Isle of Wight, company 

director- .-£330586 

Stepson. Mrs Elizabeth Mane, 
of Chalfonx St Giles - £532,183 
Stephens,'. Mis -Gwendoline 
Blanche, of 

Bournemouth £530,240 

A, C. P. writes: 

Many of us who joined the 
Prison Service at the end of 
the war attended the first 
assistant governors' course at 
Wakefield Staff College in 
1946, conducted by Duncan 

He imbued us with a spirit 
of adventure and to regard 
those in our charge, wherever 
possible, as individuals who 
could be given opportunities 
during their sentences to re- 
tain or regain their self-respect 
by fair and constructive 

Not only did Fairn play, as 
you say, a leading partin the 

creation of tbe prison hostel 
scheme: with his far-seeing 
support, he afforded a number 
of prison governors the oppor- 
tunity to exercise some quite 
unorthodox temporary re- 
leases on parole of men serv- 
ing Jong sentences, who, by 
their . subsequent behaviour. . 
proved the value this element? 
of trust afforded them. 

Fairn was never a man to 
hide behind the safety of the 
book of prison standing or- 
ders, and governors could rely 
on him to give authority and 
support for adventurous deci- 
sions, untrammelled by Civil 
Service caution. 


Mr Cyril Spragg, CBE. Sec- 
retary of tbe Royal Institute of 
British Architects from 1945- 
59, who helped to shape 
postwar policy In the budding 
industry, died on April 21. 
aged 91. 

He took over the adminis- 
tration of the RIBA on the 
retirement ofhis distinguished 
predecessor. Sir Ian 
MacAlister, and did much to 
consolidate MacAlister’s far- 
sighted plans for the future of 
the profession, both at home 
and - throughout the 
Comm on wealth. 

Cyril Douglas Spragg was 
bom on July 22, 1894, and 
educated at Christ’s Hospital 
before joining tbe RIBA in 
1913 as a clerk, returning after 
five years’ service with the 
gueen’s Westminster Rifles. 

war and Spragg’s tact and 
good humour aid much to 
reconcile the two parties and 
so prevent the formation of 
splinter groups. 

Many of the architects’ 
societies in the countries he,_ 
visited honoured him witiL* 
membership and, on his re- 
tirement in 1959, the RIBA 
made him an honorary fellow. 

He had been created a CBE 
in 1949: 


Mr Robert Alda, die Ameri- 
can actor who played compos- 
er George Gershwin in the 
film. Rhapsody in Blue, died 
on May 3. He was 72. ■; 

_ Alda was bora Alphonso 
d*Abruzzo on February 26, 
1914, in New York City. He 
began his career doing Abbott 

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too hard 

The story of the Romanian 
gymnast Nadia Comaneci, 

suitably trashed tor mass con- 
sumption, has been available 
at video stores for some m'p*a» 
nevertheless the BBC elected 
to offer Nadia (BBCl) as its 
best alternative to an old Elris 
Presley movie last night. 

This American film was 
shot in Yugoslavia, and ma| * a 
with the co-operation of Bela 
and Marta Karol yi, Coma- 
neci's coaches, who now work 
in the United States. For them 
the programme is no doubt a 
satisfying commercial. For the 
average girl of Comaneci's 

— from six to 16 years oh 

this story — the film amounts 
to an incitement to anorexia 
nervosa and overtraining. 

“Don't posh too hard” coun- 
sels Bela's boss. “But that's 
what we do best*” cries the 
ebullient coach, bounding off 
for relentless scenes of j* 

and sft-ups by the hn 

The Karolyis were obviously 
at pains 10 give away no 
secrets whatsoever in recon- 
structing the early life of their 
yonng gold medallist 

For those who preferred 
intellectual exercise. The In- 
ner Eye (Channel 4), Nicholas 
Humphrey's exploration of 
human mental faculties, con- 
sidered the role of vicarious 
experience in expanding psy- 
chological horizons. The nov- 
elist John Fowles was ready to 
agree that in modem society 
an artist has a role similar to 
that of a senior shamam in 
primitive cultures; both create 
dream-worlds to expand the 
life-experience of others. 

For Karel Reisz this 
amounted to compiting emo- 
tional news bulletins about 
bow people behave. To sup- 
port his argument, Humphrey 
used extracts from Hamlet 
with Simon Callow and Geral- 
dine James, and Reisz's film 
Sweet Dreams, aptly tided 
from the point of view of this 
programme. It would have 
been interesting to extend this 
theory' to stuff like Nadia, 
which w as less of a psycholog- 
ical news bulletin ump emo- 
tional black propaganda. 

Celia BrayHeld 


The merits of holding to 
the middle ground 

Mary Potter 
New An Centre 

George Hooper 

Odette Gilbert 

Arthur Boyd 

Fischer Fine Art 

Albert Wain wright 
Michael Parkin 

Jt is often supposed, because what 
passes for advanced art is very little 
favoured in London except by a 
handful of galleries, that we. must 
have instead a paradise for the more 
traditionally minded. And yet, 
when you come down to it, there are 
few kinds: of artist more difficult to 
place than those right in the middle, 
not conservative enough for royal 
portraits, not revolutionary enough 
to figure in the heroic annals of the 
avant-garde. Some of them of 
course make it anyway, usually 
through the well-trodden paths of 
the Royal Academy. But there are 
still an amazing number who. for 
one reason or another, definable or 

undefiriable, have been left out in 
the cold. 

Mary Potter was one of ihem. If 
you were an enthusiast, naturally 
you would know just what she was 
doing and where. Bui outside that 
select band she never quite became 
a household word, even in the few 
houses where such words might be 
bandied about. Pleasingly, the Ser- 
pentine retrospective came just 
before her death in 1981. But even 
then she remained a specialized 
taste, and there was a real doubt 
about- whether her death would 
boost her reputation or rather 
consign her to oblivion. 

The show at the New An Centre 
until May 17 clearly indicates that 
she is not forgotten, but it does 
more: by bringing together a choice 
retrospective of its own, ft gives us 
again in a small compass all the 
evidence we need to see in her, 
despite herquietude. a painter of far 
more lasting effect that many of her 
noisier contemporaries. 

disregard of what anyone else might 
say or do. One could hardly imagine 
a more different painter than 
Kandinsky, and vet there is a 
curious similarity: just as one could 
see the representational images in 
Kandinsky's early work still spec- 
trally informing his later abstrac- 
tions. so. once alerted, you can see 
the same shapes and ideas going 
through Mary Porter's work from 
the straightforward early nota- 
tions of bird and branch to the 
later patterns of luminous colour, 
which, if never absolutely abstract, 
at least coast the edge of abstraction 
with the utmost easy grace. She is 
wonderful with reflected light, with 
the half-aware glimpse and the 
sudden close-up detail: just look at 
her lovely canvas of bits and pieces 
Floating on Hater. In the British art 
of the last few years she is undoubt- 
edly the bent branch that never 

There is an astonishing consisten- 
cy in her work. Straight through 
from A Thrush at Alljrey's Farm , 
which dates from around 1934, to 
the untitled picture of 1 980, we are 
never in any doubt that she knew 
just what she was doing and 
followed out her own tine, develop- 
ing her own iconography, in virtual 

George Hooper is happily still 
around, though at 73 he is still 
looking for the wider reputation 
which by nghis should have been 
his many years ago. Or perhaps he is 
nou maybe a certain lack of interest 
in worldly success is at the root of 
his long obscurity and of his 
apparent happiness with it. All the 
same, how enjoyable it is to see his 
current show at the Odette Gilbert 
Gallery until May 17. Hooper is 
above all a still-life painter (another 
characteristic likely to prove the 
kiss of death in these assertive 
days): he is never happier than when 
bringing jugs together on a table and 
recording their conversation, or 
adding a few flowers to the mix to 
get the right richness and variety of 

' In fact, he sometimes seems like a 
Fauve born out of his time, and' his 
little incursions into papercut and 
collage are not the only things about 
him which make us think of 
Matisse. And yet he is no imitator, 
and withal a very English sort of 
painter, delighting to celebrate the 
English countryside and its local 


Unexpected dynamism in Albert Warn wright's Marching Youth 

George Hooper at his happiest iaConversation between Jugs 

Arthur Boyd may be only 10 years 
younger than Hooper, but he inhab- 
its a different world. Not only 
because he is Australian, but be- 
cause he is a real, natural wild man 
of painting, and would be wherever 

he came from. Someone who was 
not aware of his history might 
indeed assume from the show at 
Fischer Fine Art until the end of the 
week that he was one of these new 
"wild” painters, the Neo-Expres- 
sionist generation: those who know 
better realize that he has been this 
way since the start of his career, and 
that what development there has 
been was hard-won in the actual 
process of painting rather than 
picked up in the modish shows of 

Again, it is not necessary actually 
to like the painting - though many 
do. particularly in Australia — but 
one cannot help respecting the 
singleness of vision, and the way 
total concentration on the Austra- 
lian scene has produced the same 
formal consequences in Boyd as 
long studies have in others less open 
to the world outside. Some of the 
pictures here, like Bent Tree and 
Cloud, seem to be based on actual 
aboriginal myth, but even those of 
much more general import have the 
same uncomfortable ritualistic feel 
to them. The paintings are undoubt- 
edly disturbing, and any amount of 
familiarity with the painter and his 
life's work does not make them any 
easier, or any less admirable. 

After the rigours of Boyd it is 
something of a relief to come down 
to Michael Parkin's Tribute, 43 years 
after his death, to Albert Wsin- 
wright (until May 30). Never beard 
of him. you say — and quite rightly, 
unless you remember that he was an 
obscure contemporary of Henry 
Moore at Castleford Grammar 
School. Possibly also you might 
have come across one of the flimsy 
little volumes he illustrated for a 
private press in Leeds between the 

He died young and was forgotten, 
apparently because the inheritor of 
his studio was too shocked to 
release the contents. Well, too many 
semi-nudes of reclining boys or 
“affectionate friends'” stripping 
each other by the river do tell their 
own tale, but it is all remarkably 
innocent by today's standards, and 
rather quaintly period to booL And, 
when he was put to it, tie could 
produce marvellous, slightly Mac- 
kintoshish landscapes and Deco 
compositions, like Marching Youth. 
of quite unexpected dynamism. Let 
the wilting androgynes wilt away; 
there is a lot else to justify a trip to 

John Russell Taylor 


Mark Lawson, in the first of an 
occasional new series; assesses BJBCl ’s 
travel programme Holiday 

Time for a break 

After 18 years Holiday ; 
BBCl's travel-brochure show, 
has become the Torremolinos 
of television. Its surviving 
clientele are those who know 
it: the more discriminating or 
adventurous must look else- 
where - perhaps to the newer, 
louder. Wowsier Wish You 
II err Here, across the channel 
on ITV. or. down the coast on 
BBC-, the higher-quality con- 
versation of the The Travel 

As the present series of 
Holiday ended, its presenter. 
Cliff Michelmore. promised a 
“new look” next year. It is 
much needed. The show is 
fatuous and bland, its inade- 
quacies floodlighted by the 
fact that holiday is no longer 
the innocuous topic it was. 
The programme's planned 
iiem on London as "a magnet 
for millions of short-stay 
visitors'* went the way of the 
Oxford Street bomb and a 
recent report from Morocco 
was postponed after the stab- 
bing of a holidaymaker there. 
Now. more than ever, we need 
an objective, lie-detecting 
guide to the terrors and plea- 
sures of travelling. Holiday 
will not do. It is. you might 
sax. the last resort. . 

i*he first problem is its 
refusal to adopt a critical 
position. Wherever possible. 
Holiday will call a spade a 
beach-toy. Thus Miss Ann 
Gregg, reporting from Fuen- 
girola in southern Spain: 
“Whitewashed villages that 
reveal a verv different tace of 
the Costa del Sol 7 a pictur- 
esque. almosi picture-post- 
card Spain”. In the Holiday 
camp, “picturesque" is the 
resident adjective; five min- 

utes later Mr John Carter was 
unfurling ft in Africa. But 
surely television travel shows 
should be an antidote to 
brochures, not a parroting of 
their more dubious super- 

A Holiday reporter puts 
celebration before investiga- 
tion. Arriving with a camera 
crew, at the tour operator’s 
invitation, he or she is pleas- 
antly surprised by the “very 
efficient tour representative” 
and the “friendliness of the 
hotel staff”. Cost? “Under 50 
pence seemed to buy almost 
anything.” Social life? “Rarely 
a dull moment.” When a 
brave holidaymaker muttered 
“Menu a bit repetitive”. Miss 
Gregg stepped in to say “The 
menu may be a bit repetitive 
but the food was extremely 
tasty and there was plenty of 
if*. A putatix'e Holiday report 
from Kiev this week might 
murmur about “recent trou- 
ble” and suggest a check with 
the travel agent before leaving. 

A theatre critic rightly feels 
no guilt about taking a free 
ticket fora play he later slates, 
but Holiday correspondents 
sometimes appear to act as if 
in hock to tour operators, 
dragging a luggage of unctioD 
from one place to the next If 
Holiday is to be useful. it must 
sharpen up. We are sick of 
cheerful pieces backed by 
songs about the sun having bis 
hat on when the true tune 
behind many trips is “Heart- 
break Hotel”. 

Holiday at present deserves 
a one-way ticket to oblivion. 
That “new look” had better be 

gutsier and truer to its subject, 
for what we have now 


sand-castles in the air. 


Scotland’s radical tribute 

It is more than appropriate 
that this year’s Glasgow 
Mayfest (now in its fourth 
year and expanded to three 
weeks] should open with trib- 
utes to two of Scotland's 
radical, independent thinkers: 
the one, Thomas Muir, often 
forgotten, the other, Robert 
Burns, remembered, but his 
memory often smudged with 

Joe Corrie’s Robert Borns 
(Scottish. Theatre Company, 
Citizens’ Theatre, until May 
24) aims to redress the bal- 
ance. Sifting through the 
poet's life, Corrie shows him 
not as a drawing-room success 
but as a voice tor his commu- 
nity. speaking out against the 
hypocrisy and oppression of 
the Kirk and the ruling class, 
and in favour of independent 
thought. Corrie, a Fife miner 

writing around the Thirties, 
had his own work cold-shoul- 
dered for its socialist views 
and, though thin, undetailed 
and itself burdened by senti- 
ment, his play has a caustic, 
tendentious streak and runs 
on heartfelt anger. 

David Hayman wisely 
builds on this spirit rather 
than on the fetter of Corrie’s 
writing. His production see- 
thes with good humour and 
vitality, its epic, multi-layered 
staging cutting against the- 
grain of the naturalistic text to 
make it more than an histori- 
cal piece. 

From a Burns supper where 
kilted dignitaries spout famil- 
iarly packaged Burns, Hay- 
man pitches us back into a 
semi-stylized Maucbline com- 
munity. Kenny Miller’s set, 
huge pale wood packing cases. 

reminiscent of cottage, col- 
liery or church, creates light, 
space and several acting levels 
(on the highest of which the 
minister is ensconced like a 
self-appointed judging God). 

On this Hayman lifts the 
action upwards and outwards: 
scenes of confrontation are 
opened out to include the 
audience, scenes within the 
community are focused in- 
wards. Here the cast, clad in a 
chaste cream that contrasts 
with their behaviour, diffuse 
the sentimentality of the love- 
scenes with frequent eruptions 
into tbe dance, song and 
poetry that Hayman inter- 
jects. This is not always 
effective and occasionally be- 
comes intrusive, obscuring the 
dialogue. Burns's love poetry 
and his bawdiest and most 
satirical verse gain an edge 

The gravity of Kevin McMonagle (left) as Muir; Alexander 
Morton tempering charm with selfishness as Burns 

Lynne Truss meets Juliet Stevenson (below), who opens as 
Shakespeare’s Cressida at the Barbican this evening 

The love that knows no end 

in the past year with the Royal 
Shakespeare Company Juliet 
Stevenson seems to have been 
permanently wracked by love- 
sickness. Her three Stratford 
roles of last season have now 
all transferred to London - 
Rosalind in .Lr You Like It. 
Mme de Tourvel in Les 
Liaisons dangereuses and now 
her Cressida in TroiTus and 
Cressida. which opens at the 
Barbican tonight — and all 
three have required her to play 
deep and sometimes tragic 
infatuation. “Looking back, 1 
seem to have been in love 14 
hours a day.” 

In person she is as animated 
and intelligent as her Rosa- 
lind. as passionate and stead- 
fast in her opinions as her 
Isabella. “Making choices” is 
something she mentions of- 
ten. and one cannot imagine 
her going back on a choice 
once made. When she started 
rehearsals for Cressida she 
made 'her mind up on' one 

thing immediately: "No way”, and she dt 
she flatly declares, was I going herself. If 

to play her as a wanton, 
faithless hussy. 

“Shakespeare is exploring 
how a state of permanent war 
permeates all levels of the 
culture. There is no morality 
in the play, no system of 
values, no objective truth. No 
one speaks disinterestedly. 
One minute they will describe 
Helen as a goddess and the 
next she’s a whore - it 
depends on what suits the 
argument. I see Cressida as 
streetwise: she knows what the 
game is and she plays it well. 
She knows that the only value 
women have in that society is 
their sexual worth. And her 
wisecracking with the men — 
which people have taken to be 
a sign other wantonness — is 
all part of her protection.” 

Moreover ft is quite dear 
that, if Cressida does not look 
after herself, no one else will: 
“Her lather has betrayed her. 
her uncle Pandarus betrays 
her. and then Troilus — whom 
she genuinely loves — simply 
hands her over 10 the Greeks 
as a political hostage: he offers 
no resistance. So she has to 
protect herself all tbe time — 
and she does that by covering 
* s interesting: very 
few women in Shakespeare 
have soliloquies, and Cressida 
is quite a small part, but she 
does have one. She has to, 
otherwise the audience qtighi 
never know what she’s 

Cressida will be Juliet 
Stevenson's last part at the 
RSC for the time being. She 
has been with the company on 
and off for nearly eight years: 
she was just out of RADA 
when she was remited as a 
last-minute replacement for 
an injured actress in The 
Tempest and got to play "a 
sea-nymph, a hell-hound and 
Strange shape” Since then it 
has been onwards and up- 
wards, and in the last couple 
or years she has emerged as 
one of the company’s most 

accomplished and consistent- 
ly interesting players. If it is 
lime to move on it is because, 
like most actors, she fears 
going stale, and believes that 
there is nothing worse than 
being labelled. 

She says she longs to "flex 
some different muscles”, and 
recalls with evident pleasure 
the variety of work she did in 
the old days at RADA- “I 
don't even want to be seen as a 
'classical' actress. I'd very 
much tike to do more contem- 
porary plays, and I'd like to 
work in other spaces — and 
other media. I'd adore to do 
Aims.” She realizes that you 
have to be your own mentor 
and make your own chal- 
lenges. “It's so early on in your 
career that people start saying 
'Thank you very much, that's 
very nice’. Very few people say 
'Come on, you can do better 
than that’. They employ a 
performance, not an actor 
they tend to be happy with 
what they know you can do. 
So, if you try to do something 
else, they may even try 10 stop 

If the RSC has not always 
challenged her as much as she 
might like, she has sometimes 
felt it necessary to challenge 
the company. In particular she 
has been active in campaign- 
ing for a chance to be given to 
women directors. “I don’t 
want to get into table-thump- 
ing battles, though of course 
that's what usually happens. I 

again, however, most notice- 
ably when Holy Wullie's Pray- 
er slips into Willie Fisher’s 
own mouth (Tom Watson, 
immensely funny as the voy- 
euristic sin-seeker], 

.Alexander Morton as Bums 
tempers charm with selfish- 
ness and there are some warm, 
rounded performances - from 
Eileen Nicholas as the wise 
innkeeper. Paul Young as 
Bums's solicitous landlord 
and Finlay Welsh as Jean 
Armour's aggrieved father. 
There remains a far belter play 
to be written about Bunts, but 
Hayman's exuberant, inge- 
nious production pays tribute 
10 the scale of Bums's uncom- 
promising spirit and the accu- 
racy of his pen. 

Set contemporaneously. Pe- 
ter Amort's Thomas Muir 
(Tron Theatre Company. 
T ron Theatre, until May 1 8) is 
a forceful statement, too. for 
self-determination and radical 
reform. It celebrates Thomas 
Muir, the ISth-century advo- 
cate who led the growth of the 
reform movement in Scotland 
while the authorities were 
shaken by events in France. 
By 1794 he had been framed, 
changed with sedition and 
transported to Australia. 

Anion's play operates on 
several levels, shifting back 
and forth in lime, to alternate 
scenes tracing the build-up 10 
Muir's trial with scenes on the 
transportation ship, where a 

threatened mutiny becomes a 
complex metaphor for the 
revolution. The two curves 
converge when the ship's- 
flogging of a scapegoat paral- 
lels Muir’s trial. Michael 
Boyd's vivid staging driving 
the point home. 

It is a vast, ambitious and 
mature piece of writing, the 
penalty for its length being 
that it eventually loses shape 
and that its argument is 
diluted by reiteration and 
some pedestrian scenes. These 
are balanced out, however, by 
Amott at his best scenes of 
passionate rhetoric or authen- 
tic dialogue giving force to the 
political thrust integral to both 
the play's subject and form. 

Boyd's vigorous and imagi- 
native production uses Peter 
Ling's railed-off set doubling 
as both ship and courtroom, to 
site the audience variously in 
the jury, in the dock and at a 
meeting of Muir's Society. His 
cast change roles with agile 
versatility. Kevin McMonagle 
meanwhile has to shift back 
and forth within Muir's belief 
in moderation, and he ach- 
ieves a combination of gravity 
and spirit, moving from a 
naive optimism to a more 
resigned determination m a 
performance that shows Muir 
as a man of compassion and 
integrity and unshakeable 
faith in his principles. 

Sarah Hemming 




Alongside the respectable an- 
cestors. including Stravinsky, 
Copland,. Mahler and Shosta- 
kovich. being included in this 
Bernstein Festival, it is fitting 
that a place should have been 
found for the embarrassingly 
bad Marc Btitzstein is a 
sympathetic figure among 
American composers: a man 
of wealthy family who. moved 
by the Depression and by the 
work of Brecht and Weill, 
tried to mobilize his art for 
social change. The Airborne 
Symphony . here receiving its 
first British performance 40 
years after Bernstein intro- 
duced it in New York, shows a 
less admirable side of his 
naive idealism. 

It was written during the 
Second World War. when he 
was a corporal in the United 
States Army Air Force, and is 
boundlessly energized by his 
joy in flight, his utter confi- 
dence in the justice of the 
Allied cause and his enthusi- 
asm for Stravinsky: tbe work 
is effectively an American 
Carmma burana of the skies. 

Disastrously, it is threaded 
through with narration, which 
begins in the sTyle of a Disney 
natural-history film and ends 
with dire admonitions to vigi- 
lance in victory. This role of 
“monitor” was first taken by 
Orson Welles; here Terence 
Stamp refused to be abashed 
by the terrible bits and roared 
out his final warnings.' Tbe 
smaller parts for solo tenor 
and baritone were sensitively 
sung by Damon Evans and 
Mark Tinkler, who would 
have sounded better without 
amplification, while the men 
of the Richard Hickox Singers 
relished the dreamy chord- 
scapes and the camaraderie. 

The Airborne Symphony is 
not a symphony at all. but a 
medley of songs recounting 
the history of night and the 
deeds of Second World War 
pilots. As such, though, it 
proved an apt companion 
piece to what was billed as a 
“suite” from Bernstein's Can- 
dide but turned out to be a 
compact concert performance, 
another string of songs and 
brief orchestral -interludes. 
This made the drama a bit 
breathless, and the soloists, 
including David Eisler as a 
sweet Candida and Nan Chris- 
tie as a flighty Cunegonde, 
probably did the only tiring 
possible in camping il up. 

camping ft 
while the LSO bashed out the 

score for John.Mauceri. 

Paul Griffiths 

Festival Hall/ 
Radio 3 

Here was a suitably theatrical 
prelude to the LFO’s immi- 
nent Glyndeboume residency. 
Bleeding chunks of operas 
hardly come much bloodier 
than the final scene of 
Strauss's Salome , of course. 
Under KJaus Tennstedt's in- 
spired direction the orchestra 
played this and the Dance of 
the Seven Veils as if imprint- 
ing every salacious detail on 
our imaginations through 
sound alone. 

Perhaps the players were 
too enthusiastic in places. 
Jessye Norman's voice, for all 
its majesty, is not a heavy- 
duty. cut-through-anything 
tool {and thank goodness for 
that). She was obscured in 
several climactic passages, 
and even had 10 struggle to 
project the vital line about the 
mystery of love being greater 
than the mystery of death - 
which is. one supposes, what it 
is all about. 

But this obvious effort 
merely enhanced the intensity 
of her characterization. Her 
shriller tone, taunting and 
hinting at hysteria, in the 
middle section; her little-giri- 
lost singsong on the closing 
pages: her last top note, exult- 
ing and defiant: the dramatic 
range she showed us in ten 
minutes would serve some 
sopranos for a whole season. 

Earlier in this splendid 
Strauss occasion Miss Nor- 
man had demonstrated a 
more relaxed artistry in a 
selection of orchestral spngs. 
Pick of the bunch, unsurpris- 
ingly. was “Wiegpnlied - ': some 
hardening of timbre on the 
opening phrase seemed slight- 
ly miscalculated, but her con- 
trolled crescendo through the 
last verse was magnificent. 

Richard Morrison 

just think it_ would obviously 

a wonderful contribution to 
this company. The same plays 
come around every four or 
five years and are supposed to 
be reinterpreted from a new 
point of view each time - it 
seems such a loss that 
women’s thinking isn’t 




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Scotland and 
Wales advised 
not to drink 
any rainwater 

By Hngb Clayton and John Yonng 

The radioactive cloud reap- 
peared over Scotland yester- 
day and began to move 
towards South-west England, 
the National Radiological 
Protection Board said. Official 
agencies advised householders 
In Wales and Scotland who 
relied on rainwater for drink- 
ing not to use too much of it in 
the coming week. 

“There is some alarm 
among the public and we are 
doing our best to answer all 
the inquiries," the board said. 

Levels of iodine-131 In 
British milk samples being 
monitored by government sci- 
entists after the Chernobyl 
disaster rose yesterday for the 
third successive day. 

The Ministry of Agriculture 
said that the levels appeared to 
be reaching their peak, but was 
unable to give any figures. 
Officials, however, continued 
to insist that they were well 
within the safety' limits set by 
the International Commission 
for Radiological Protection. 

Milk samples are being sent 
from all over the country to 
the Ministry's Central Veteri- 
nary Laboratory at 
Wey bridge. Surrey, with spe- 
cial emphasis on areas which 
have experienced high rainfall 
in the past few days, mainly in 
north-west England and north 

The ministry also disclosed 
that it had extended testing to 
vegetables. At this stage h 
seems unlikely that resiric- 
tions.will have to be placed on 
home-grown produce. 

A greater risk may be from 
imports, and the Department 
of Health and Social Security 
has ordered port health au- 
thorities to set up surveillance 
stations to monitor shipments 
from the Soviet Union, East- 
ern Europe and 
Scandinavia-The Ministry of 
Agriculture has offered labora- 
tory facilities for testing im- 

The ministry said it had 
opened a special operations 

room staffed in London by 
Civil Servants and scientists 
to answer questions. “People 
are very worried, and typical 
calls are from people who 
want to know if it is safe to 
drink milk or what they 
should do with vegetables,” it 
said. “I am sure we have been 
able to reassure them." 

The board said its daily co- 
ordination of monitoring of 
air and pasture had produced 
no level high enough to justify 
a recommendation to the 
Government for a food ban. 
The food watched most close- 
ly is milk, because of its 
widespread use by children 
and because radiation can be 
carried through dairy cows 
quickly to human consumers. 

The key level in the moni- 
toring exercise is that accepted 
as posing a health risk. The 
level of radioactive iodine 
quoted in Britain for infants is 
2,000 becquerels per litre of 
milk, equivalent to 13.000 
becquerels per square metre of 
pasture when radioactivity is 
measured on the ground. A 
board spokesman could not 
explain the difference between 
that and the international 
figure but said it did not pose 
any health risk for British 

Warning ignored: Cattle grazing yesterday near Michetstadt, West Germany, after many farmers ignored advice that they should be kept inside 

Polish milk supplies contaminated 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The board said there was no 
concern about drinking water 
from taps and reservoirs be- 
cause the radiation level dwin- 
dled as the water passed 
through the supply system. 

It said a level of 10,000 
becquerels a litre of water bad 
been recorded in Scotland and 
the Department of the Envi- 
ronment called for caution in 
Wales in drinking rainwater 
and water from wells. 

Friends of the Earth, the 
environmental pressure 
group, said the British infor- 
mation system had been 
shown to be inadequate and 
incapable, a week after the 
Soviet disaster, of answering 
the simplest request for 

For the first time Poland 
has given detailed figures of 
bow the radioactive falloot 
from the crippled Soviet 
Chernobyl plant has affected 
food supplies. Milk from the 
north-east of Poland is evi- 
dently contaminated and is 
wen above international emer- 
gency levels for children, ac- 
cording to the official figures. 

The special government cri- 
sis team set up after the 
Chernobyl accident reported 
that in north-eastern Poland, 
the region worst affected by 
fallout, concentrations of ra- 
dioactive iodine 131 in mlOt 
ranged from 200 to 1,720 
becquerels a litre between 
Monday and Friday last week. 
Elsewhere in Poland the milk 
contamination levels varied 

from zero to 600 becquerels a 

The emergency levels rec- 
ommended by the Internation- 
al Atomic Energy Agency 
(IAEA) for iodine 131 concen- 
trations in milk are 1,000 
becquerels a litre for children 
and 10,000 for adults. .The 
milk therefore contains con- 
siderable risk for children. 
“Emergency levels' 1 means ra- 
dioactive contamination is 
high wwmg h to ban the drink- 
ing of nilk because of possible 
loag-range effects such as 
cancer. It does not mean that 
the milk will directly endanger 

A communique issued by the 
government said that the con- 
taminated milk had been “pro- 
cessed for industrial 
purposes". The authorities 

have banned the sale of millt 
from grass-fed cows and intro- 
duced the rationing of pow- 
dered milk which is reserved 
for infants aged nnder a year. 

The average accumulated 
dose of radiation on the. body 
between Monday and Friday 
last week amounted to 25 mB- 
tirems, which the g o vernment 
said wns only 5 per cent of the 
level of 500 nriQirems a year 
considered admissable tor the 

There were, however, long 
gaps in the statistics offered by 
the crisis team. Only a nation- 
wide average was given, ft did 
not fadkate how many m3fi- 
rems people were exposed to in 
north-east Poland Where back- 
ground radiation on Monday 
was up to 500 times above 


A mfilirem Is a thousandth 
of rem, a measure used fa 

turn standards. Exposure to 
about 1,000 miffirems a year 
is estimated to create one or 
two chances hi 10,000 of 
developing fatal cancer. 

American sources have bow 
confirmed the Polish 
authority's low estimates of 
radiation in Warsaw. Mr 
Richard Hopper,, a specialist 
from the United States Envi- 
ronmental Protection Agency, 
arrived on Saturday and ac- 
cording to his first measure- 
ments found no measmeabie 
contamination car evidence of a 
health hazard in Warsaw. He 
said, however, that he still had 
to check and analyse contami- 
nation in the soil and water. 

accused on 

Continued from page 1 

of food imports because of 
fears about radioactivity was 
carried out in harmony. 

“It would be of little value 
for one member state to ban 
the import of certain foods 
from an Eastern Block country 
if tbeyxould still be brought in 
to the Community through 
the port of another state,** one 

But it Was noted that some 
member states had already 
taken some unilateral .action, 
and that Denmark had said it 
could ban imports: of certain 
food products from Poland 
and Britain with.tighler checks 
on food arriving at its ports. 





Continued from page 1 
propaganda strategy now be- 
fog pursued by the Kremlin. 

Ordinary Muscovites con- 
tacted yesterday said they had 
no' knowledge of Mr Yeltsin’s 
emifer revelations that nearly 
50,000 Soviet citizens bad 
been evacuated from the 
Chernobyl area and that Sovi- 
et helicopters bad dropped 
lead and sand to try to put out 
the fire in the reactor. . 

In • bis second interview 
yesterday, Mr Yeltsin said 
Soviet authorities bad started 
to deactivate the soil in the 
disaster area EBmg “radioJogi- 
cal technology which neutral- 
izes radiation in the soil". He 
claimed that reports in the 
West that sot) from the affect- 
ed area had to be removed 
were “false". 

His disclosures coincided 
with the arrival in Moscow of 
three United Nations nuclear 
power experts led by Dr Hans 
BUx, the director of the Inter- 
national Atomic Energy Ages- , 
cy, who said be was confident ' 
he would be able to raise with 
Soviet officials the question of 
the issuing of information on 
the accident. 

Asked whether be would 
visit the stricken site 60 miles 
north of the Ukrainian capita!, 
Kiev, DrBlix replied; “We arc 
here primarily for discussions 
and we have not set any other 

H e is being accompanied by 
his Soviet deputy from the 
Vienna-based agamy, Mr 
Leonard Konstantinov and 
Mr Morris Rosen, a US 
expert They were invited by 
the Kremlin. 

- Dr Bfix/wfro also expressed 
confidence that discussions 
would cover new international 
safety measures said his visit 
was open-ended.. 

Earlier, the Kremlin’s cam- 
paign to portray an image of 
normality, in the Ukraine suf- 
fered a Mow when’s number of 
rntemational teams utduding 
Britain, the US, Switzerland, 
Belgium, Wert German, Yu- 
goslavia and Romania pulled 
out of a prestige cyderace due 
to start near Kiev later today. 
The Soviet authorities have 
decided nevertheless to go 
ahead with the 39tit annual 
Peace Amateur Cycling Race: 


Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen and Duke of 
Edinburgh ' attend the -London 
Symphony Orchestra Gala, Bar- 
bican HaU.EC2.7J5. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother attends a ceremony to 
inaugurate British . Railway's 
new electrified line between 
Tonbridge and Hastings, arr 
Hastings. 12.05. 

Princess Alexandra attends 
the opening of the Rank Zerox 
*86 Marlow An Collection. Na- 
tional Theatre. South Bank. 
SE1, 5.20. 

Prince and Princess Michael 
of Kent attend the Viennese 
Butterfly Ball in aid of Action 
Research ax the Austrian 
Ambassador's Residence, 
Belgrave-Sq. SW1. 7.3a 

New exhibition 
Original Paintings: Chichester 
House Gallery, High -St. 

Ditdiling, Sussex; Tues, Thurs. 
Fri and Sat II to I and 230 to 5 
(ends June 14) 

Exhibitions in progress 

Works . on Paper . by Paul 
Woodrow; Alberta House, 
Mount St, WI; Mon u> Fri 9 to 
5, closed Sat (ends May 9). 
Light Values: A photographic 
survey of modern architectural 
glass; Crafts Council Gallery, 12 
Waterloo Place. SW1; Tues to 
Sun 10 to 5 (ends May 25) 

Great Little Tin Sheds of 
Wales; Crafts Council Gallery, 
12 Waterloo Place. SWl; Tues 
to Sun 10 to 5 (ends May 25) 

Coca-Cola 1886-1896; 
Boiierhouse, Victoria & Albert 
Museum, SW7; Mon to Sat 10 to 
5.30, 2,30 to 5.30 Sun (dosed Fti 
and today, ends May 1 5) 

The Paisley Botch: paisley 
textiles; Art Gallery, The 
Commonwealth Institute, Ken- 
sington High St, W8; Mon to Sat 
10 to 5.3a Sun 2 to 5 (ends May 

The Times Crossword Puzzle. No 17,038 



1 Pity poor State 
sanative (7). 

5 The best grannie makes a 
bow? (7). 

9 Make light of record ran (5). 

10 (Frrsi-dass in a function for 
resisting the heat (9). 

11 A woman of star quality — 
and the city law officer (9). 

12 He was put in the pot by 
Isabella (5). 

13 Sounds like Charlie's girl 

IS Binge area where slacks are 
presmnably worn (9). ' 

18 Marian sat out to get a 
thoughtful fellow (9). 

19 Shoots back — it's the end of 
a character (5). 

21 Remove weapons from lu- 
nar module assembly (5). 

23 Argue madly about water 
supply — it’s irregular (9). 

25 Lily, Milton's sporty girl (9). 

26 Innocent with money to 
spare (SL 

27 Survives being badly nursed 
by sweetheart (7). 

28 Men pale, when wrongly put 
on jury (7). 


1 Pipit — the offspring of two 
birds (7). 

2 A lot of wine, ideal for 
producing a reverie (4-5). 

3 Many on ship would con- 
stitute this (5). 

4 Does not include si gns of 

Spring (6 ,3). 

5 Builds up first-rate section 
of bone (5). 

6 Energy cycles? (4-5). 

7 Measures in hand may be 
cut (5). 

8 Device enabling climbers to 
be trained (7). 

14 Number one in show busi- 
ness? (4.5). 

16 Lead from table has several 
bridge players in a state (9). 

17 Sort of ruler and a parish 
bigwig (5,4). 

18 Unacceptable in a sensible 
garment for the clergy (7). 

20 False praise for fools at the 
wicket (7). 

22 Grant a court chaise (5). 

23 Up in arms — it makes one 
see red (5). 

24 Walker coming up to run 
over old groom (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17,037 

Concise crossword page 12 

25). MA Fine Art: mid-term 
show; Goldsmiths' College Gal- 
lery, Lewisham Way, SE14; 
Mon to Fri 4 to 7, Sat and Sun 
12 to 5. (ends May 16). 

" Craft 86: Welsh ' crafts;' The 
Wales Centre, 34 Piccadilly, 
Wl; Mon to Thun; 9.15 to 5.15, 
Fri 9.15 to 5 (ends May % 

Concert by the Scottish Early 
Music Consort; St Andrews 
Lower College Hall, 8. 

Jazz by the Lenin Best Quar- 
tet and Kathy Stobart; South 
Hill Park A ns Centre, 
Bracknell Berkshire, 73a 
Organ concert by James Lan- 
celot; Durham Cathedral 8. 

Harp concert by Marisa Ro- 
bles; St Mary's Church, Clifton 
Village. 73a 

recital by Martin 
ibeig Bristol Cathedral 


Concert by the BBC Welsh 
Symphony Orchestra (horn sec- 
tion) and Rosalie Armstrong 
(piano); St David's Hall Car- 
diff 1.05. 

Talks, lectures, films 
Larger than Life by D A 
Wilks; Lonsdale Court Hotel 
Norfolk Rd, Cliftonvflte, 7.3a 
Development of a Wildlife 
Refuge by Martin Mere; Van- 
brugh College, University of 
York. 8. 

Resisten rial ism by Jobn 
Pul fond; Cambridge Institute of 
Education, Shaftesbury Rd, 

The Discovery of the Middle 
Ages by Prof Hugh Trevor- 
Roper; University of Edin- 
burgh. William Robertson 
Building, George Sq, 4.15. 


Book Fair; Book Market, 
Chantry Hail Norwich, 10 to 5. 


London red the South-east 
*aa [northbound carriageway to reduced 
n Mdtn at Pulsy. Delays between 8 am 
and 5 pm- 

*10 Diversion because of 
tor a contraflow at Hodctosdbn inter- 
change. HeritorttetHio. 

A207. Richmond Road. Kmmton. drain- 
age work between Ham and Rlnestor. 

Waiea and the West 
MS, Wtxcastarshira: lane closures with a 
contraflow between Junctions 8 (M50J 
and 9 (Tewkesbury). 

A38. Devon; roadworks on the Ash- 
burton to Plymouth Road at Ashburton. 
Lane ctoeures on the northbound 

AS. Chvyd: temporary traffic tights tn 
use on the Betwa-Coefl to Corwen Road. 

The Wands: Mtf, W a nwc hs lw e : 
contraflow In op er ation on the Coleehu 
bypass tor repair work. 

MS. HerafonyWofoestBR only one lane 
open northbound between Junctions 4 
(A38 . Birmingham South 
West/Bromsgruve) and 5 (A38 Droitwictfl. 

MI N or thamptqnatera; co ntra flow be- 
tween JimcUonG 15 (Northampton] and 16 
entry sip road « Junedon IS is dosed. 

The North: MS. Lancashire: contraflow 
between Junctions 31 (Preston) and 32 
(M55 BtockpooQ tor camagsway napatrs. 

M6 iTBlacowBi .jgsz corOTitctiootrf the 
new motorway meat waiton Si 
(MB1/M6) Lane 

TV top ten 

Nattonaliopliintolavialon p rqB ra i a i i e w ln 
the week ending April 27 : 


A Question of Sport 13JS 
That's Life 1230 
News and weedier (Sun 21:05)11.55 
Datas 10.70 

Nino O-Oock News (Thu) 1055 
Dynasty 10.40 
Antiques Roadshow 1030 


Coronation Strut (WW) Granada 

Coronation Street (Mon) Grenada 

Auf Wtodanolwn Pet Central 13J50 
Cro s sroads nyed) Central 1250 
Crossroads hue) Central 11.65 
Crossroads (Thu) Central 11 .S 
Brsnerdale Farm (Tub) Yorkshire 

Cannon and Bel LOT 11.40 
The PricaaWght Central 11.40 
Catohphraaa TVS 11^40 

BBC 2 

Chamwl 4 

Braokslde MorySat) 6 l 2S 
grootaode frue«^5JS 
Kara and AUe l8S 
Lou Grant 3-60 
Love Story 3ao 
That Forsyte Woman 320 

Cheers 2.85 
4 What It’s Worth 2-B0 
Prospects 2JS 


weekly figures for oudtonces at 
times (with figures wi . 

showing the reach -the number of people 
who viewed tor at least three mantes): 

88C1: Breakfast Tims: Mon to Fri 


TV-anr Good 
23 (10.6) Sat 23 
Sun 13 


Broadca ste rs' Au di en ce R esea rch Board. 


Births: Sigmund Freud, Fnri* 
buxg, Moravia (Pribor. Czecho- 
slovakia). 1856; Robot Peary, 
Artk expldrer, CressonTPran- 
sytvania, 1856; . Luis Dra 
statesman, Buenos Aires, 1859; 
Rudolph Valentino, Gasteflaca. 
Italy, 1895. 

Deaths: Coraefius Jansen, 
theologian, Ypres, low coun- 
tries, 1638; Awxander von Hum- 
boldt, explorer and scientist, 
'Berlin, 1859; Henry David Tho- 
reaa, poet and essayist. Con- 
cord, Massachussets, 1862; 
Edward VH, reigned 1901-10, 
Buckingham Palace, 1910; 
Maurice Maeterlinck, poet and 
playwright, Nice, 1949; Maria 
Montessori, educator, 
Noordy/ijkaan, Netherlands, 

Lord Frederick Cavendish 
and Thomas Henry Burke were 
assassinated by the ‘Invindbtes’ 
in Phoenix Park, Dublin, 1882. 
Hie German airship Hintfen- 
barg crashed at Lakehurst, New 
Jersey, 1937. 

The pound 


Austria Sch 
Danmark Mr 
Franc* IV 
Germany Di 

Hong Kong S 
Italy Un 
Japan Van 

‘ Bank 










291 J90 

2 aon 


























-Noway Kr 

Portugal Ese 
South Africa Rd 
Spain Pta 
Sweden |tr. 

Switzerland Ft 

Yugoslavia Dor 
Dotal Price bnSaoc 381.8 
London: The R7* Index ctoflad down 209 
on Friday at 1374.0. 

New York: The Dow Jonss industrial 
_ dosed down 3.1 D on Friday at 
177< J ““ 



AH areas wfll remain 
under the influence of a 
slow-moving depression 
centred to the south-west 
of Ireland. 

Most places will have 
showers or longer periods 
of rain which 
heavy in places. There 
wfll j also be drier inter- 
ludes wtfli sonre sunshine, 
especially in the far north 
and <lw in the east at 
first. - 

6 fon to midnight 

London, SE, Cental S England, E 
Afigfia, E M aflanda. Dry and bright 
ad! first Showere developing during 

to gwo 
the ewa- 
or moderate; 

i moderate; nax tamp 


IWl Barton Bridge: widening ocMnw 
twtwBon Junctions f and 3. Lens rasro- 
tkm Sc o U awt M74. stratfidyde: road 
construction norm of access to Black- 
wood. Northbound carriageway 
two-way sratfle southbound. 

AS2. Hghfcmd region: singte-toie Traffic 
eomms-ah? tafoxxary lights 24 hours a 
day baiwon Spean Bridge and 
Lanarflntay. hwamess-aHre. tor ’ 
rap B esmant 
A9G/A947. Grampian: roundabout 
reconstruction on Great Northern Road 
(ABB) 'and Anderson Dma (AMT) 

Tower Bridge 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 3pm a pp roxim ately. 

Times Portfolio Gold rutes are as 

1 Times Portfotto Is live. Purchase 
of The Tiroes a noc a condition of 
la kins part. 

2 Times Portfllio Ust cumwBea a 
- of public companies whose 

are ISM on Ute stock 
and owned w The Times 

change prices page. TTw 

companies comprising lhai Sm win 
cnome . iram day to nay. The Ust 
iwtitdi Is numbered l - 44> is divided 
into four randomly distributed groups 
of it shares. Every portOUo cord 
contains two number* from each 
group and each card contains a 
untune sef.of numbers. 

3 Times ; 

_ II IT tor any reason. The Times 
Prices, Page is not nuMbhed tn the 
normal way Time* Portfolio wm be 
suspended for that day. 

Hew to play - maty Dirt Mod 

On each day your unique set of elgtu 
mmtM* wm represent cpmmei]5al 
ad induOTiai shares pobBsned In The 
Tiroes Portfolio Ust wudi wfB appear 
on Ute Slock Exchange Prices pags. 

In riw columns provided, next to 
your shares note the unco change {+ 
or a. in pence, as pubUshed m. tfasc 
days Times. 

■dhddexwr wHI be 

W* which represents 
Hi^^HinovancM in prices iLe. 
the largest tncreweor lowed lomolm 
ramwnattai of .eight (two from oad 
randomly d fabHiu ledgroup wfiua ttj 

4 The dafof dividend wm be 
announced each day and me weekly 
mvKKfid win be announced earn 
Saturday in The Times. 

S- Times Portfotto Ust and details of 
me dalbf, or weekly dividend wm also 

Al ter lotting th e price Changes or 
your eightsharesfw one day. Son op 
an ektfw share changes to give you 
jwur overall total plus or minus <+ or - 

sgTpBces nsa 
total ogaichos The 

-.-.-r- — dividend you have 

won outright or a share of the total 
prize mono staled tor that day and 
mini claim your prize as instructed 


6 If Uw overall price nsov 
more bun one combinati on 
«OtiaB the dividend, ihe 



equally aiiM anorijr dw~5amain 
holding those coraMnabons or snares, 
daftns are suuect In scrutiny 

jayir— * — — — — 

card Out Bi 

incorrectly prtnledl 
declared void, 
s Employees of News intemanonal 

grand ite subsimart«SS« 

Enro prlni Oww Limited (producers 
and dtstrtmnort or me card} or 
monitors or their Immediate families 
ng allowed u> puy Timm 

.. 9 AH parttopants wm be subject to 
on -how 
dawn" whether 
DUhUsned In The Times or fa TUnes 
em* wld be deemed to*? 
part of . these Rules. The Cdltar 
reserves Uw right to amend the tote? 

"2 Th e Edfl orTt 

oectswn js nnai and no correwoo- 
denen wiU be enured mo. 


Portfolio total 
Add these 
your weekly 

record your- dally 

TO deterrottw 
Ww . 

ur tela] nwicties the PubUsbed 
'.illirldeBd figure you tana won 
gutrinhl or a share of the Witt money 
staled for that week, and must dabn 
your prize as Instructed below. 

mm jk SuSSSSS 

noewns can bs ompmi HUH Uwu 

wZSfvSFt ®iK fl ' ran,wlu,you 

■r you are tmame go htintton* 

s^^ssssffitisr 8 

. -Cgn . M aenwed 
aivtdona oabns . . 

the afternoon, 
longer periods of raft 
ring; wind SE. 
E, MW, Central N, NE 
Lain District, Isle of Man; 
intervals. Showers developing, 
some heavy. Wind SEJght or 
moderate; max temp.14C (57F). 

W DRtSande, Channel Wanda, 

SW England, Wales: Bright at first 
Showers, some heavy, 
widely with sqme tonger | 
rain. Wind SE moderate; i 
14C (57F). 

, EdWbwgh, Dundee, 

Aberdeen, SW Scotland, Glasgow, 
Central Hitfrimds, Argytt, N^re- 
tenft Ootbreate of ran, some 
at .first Sumy intervals 
but also scattered show- 
ers. wid SE, tight or. moderate: 
max temp 13C ( 55F). 

Itoray Rrtt, NE, NW Scotland, 
CMooey, Shetland: Dry at first. 
Outbreaks of rain spreading from S, 
dealing later. Wind E or SE lighter 
modertea; max temp 11C (S2F). 

Outlook for 

Thursday: continuing 

showers and sunny mtervals. 

High Tides 

b-Mug Sky. bc-Mue Mcy and Cloud; c- 
clcrody: p-averca«: f-fou: dtfrtzzuc ij- 

haUi imsi mbi; r-roUu s^bkiw; 
ttiandcrUorm: fmhovrera. 

Arrmvs show wtnd dtrecOon. wind 
sored «nph) ctrded. Tcnipcrirturn 


London Bridoo 1.0 
Abwrion 12.47 



Mwoport SJ9 

Dow 10.42 

roi mo utt 4J39 

Otosoow 123 

HMch . 11^3 

Hogrtiond 9.46 

Bft a oomba S23 

LeWi 1.58 

UwHpool 1041 

Lowestoft 9.18 

Mmsate 11.52 

•CHord Haven 557 


Portsmouth 1055 



TM* 3.15 

WTIdihmkMm 1J.17.- 

to- Swansea 


8J 1J4 

3.7 1250 
121 057 
32 1055 

112 6.42 

5.1 525 

&0 1049 
49 05 

4.1 1218 
32 11.43 

5.1 10.14 
85 552 
82 544 
5.1 211 

8.7 11.8 
22 9.1 
45 1151 
04 559 
6.4 452 

3.6 542 
52 436 
15- 045 
42 11.18 

5.6 11.4 
41 1058 
85 65 
48 3.18 

.35 1127 

. HT 


5 JO 

Around Britain 

Sun Rain 
hr* in 

Scortwro -. 75 
Bridtegton . 95 


C F 



55 sunny 
52 sonny • 

T onfay 

Mamie 125 

12 54 sunny 
17 63 sunny 
15 59 sunny 

Sun Rem . Max 
Ire in C f 

55 .18 13 55 Shbwsra 

35 .13 13 55 cloudy 

41 56 14 57 sunny 

44 22 15 59 bright . 

0.7 54 9 46 showers 

London 9.1 pm to 452 sm 
Bristol 9.11 pm to 52 am 
EdotaMBti 951 pm to 447 am 
'KS.17.pm4D 453 am 
9.18 pm to 5.19 am 

London 8.7 - 14 57 brigM 

1J S sunny BTiam topl S5 55 14 57 stinnrs 

13 56'sha MB 5*2Lf»9L 25 .55 12 54 Momb 

12 54 showers Cwtfff (Cut) 25 .15 12 54 ah owo r s 

12 54 bngtrt Ang l i sy 52 .83 13 55 showers 

12 54 bright gpnolAl^t 7A 53 15 5S ohowora 

18 55 bnght . Manrtreto r 45 - 14 57 bright 

IT 52 bright NMtagtam 32 .02 13 55 showers 

12 54 showers N’ctftf-Tyn* 7.8 - 14 57 bnght 

12 54 bnjpn Carifsia 45 .12 14 57 showara 


55 12 64inmmcs ** g ttmmn 

- 12 54 bremi r Taanrtc k 64 m 14 57 showara 

51 12 54 briffn 22*°* 15 « li % brt g nt 

.17 11 52 showara- !!?*- ■*» -Ji’g gSJW 

.15 11 52 showers fSSST 9 Vn 2? S 52?* 

24 11 52 bright M -g <1 g ? 

j jfi ii 52 ahmofS 05 59 9 48 rain 

47 54 12 54 SSSSS “ ■“ U 57 **** 

Oxfom . 4,7 13 55 **• *"**** 42. 11 S surely 

WE5TO0AST .• w EtiMaagii f8 57 15 61 showns 

t* 'll IS S t 1 :' MORWfiBN.BteLAND 
iwwi|dbi 64. .18 12 54 anoNim nilfait .. 72 .10 -11 


Thee* am Sunday's figorw' 




6 «8 irii urgli 


at mkktoy ye sterda y: a 
r, rabt; a, sun. 

C F C F 

c 1050 Qutnmof fit SB 
r 846 tovomssa 71152 
r 11 52 Jetsar ■ a 1254 
ell 52 London r 1050 
c 11 52 Mtochstar r 11 52 
r 1050 Ne wus l la r 846 
r 11 52 fftodginy c 1050 

tOiDKfi e. etaud; d, drizzle; f. tarr^togir. rah; s. suu 8n,anolw: t thunder. 




Our address 


f 18 64 Dubrvnk 
f .19 68 Faro 
a 33 St Boraner 

.(sk sssr 


mcunwn la The 
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5ffil’£.T5 e .tetor. T7TS. ha Times. 
g> ^j 7 - 1 Virginia Street Umsmi 




thfr Post 

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6 22 72 Gibraltar 
fl 23 73 MrisMd 


t 16 59 

c 12 54 marital 
t-14 57 
s 19-88 
a 22 72 .. 

*278 81 L 

S 28 82 ; LNtan 

* 25 ^ Locaino 

* 18 64 _ 
f 16 « L 

c 18 54 Mtebi. 

C . F . . 'C F" 

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'*1S g.-Bteto*-- » » 70 

r 18 64 Mata s 21 70 s 
t TO 50 ■Mb -me e 14 57 S FHaeo* 
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C17 ra itar * 29B4.Seml 

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* 23 73 Tbkyo . 
<3:15:59 Teton to* 

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C .13 55 Valencia 
a 28 82 Vanc'var' 
c 25 77 vankto- 
‘a 24 76 Vhm 
6 5 41 Wtoaaw 
t 22 72 W oobW 
S 31. 88 
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(WM a 10 66 fteitoB 

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s 31 toCMa 

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;a 20 66 

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c 16.61. 






Policy of 




Summit paves the way for 

interest rate cuts 

From Maxwell Newton 
New York 
The AdnrinistratkHi and the 
Federal Reserve Board have 

From Sarah Hogg, Tokyo 

in their efforts to revive the 
flagging United States 

There has been a 
Keynesian-styie federal bud- 
get deficit, which 

important in preventing a deep 
recession after the inflationary 

madness of the 1970s. . 

There ha ve te en two 

«J*^R3sL TWs form of 
sti mulus is plainly no longer 
working — at least insofar as it 
is sopposed to produce acceler- 
ating real economic growth. 

pscdoet grew by a miserable 
2.2 per cent and the omens 
that real economic 
this year will be little 
Monetary policy has 
produced a boom in (he prices 
of financial assets a nd of 
homes, but it has foiled to 
produce stronger economic 

Last September, the Admin- 
istration tried a third fade — 
heavy devaluation of the dollar 
against the yea ami acceler- 
ated devaluation against other 
leading currencies. 

This scheme produced the 
desired devaluation, bat it did 
not produce any acceleration 
of economic growth, nor, as 
yet, any redaction in the US 
trade deficit, either globally, 
or bilaterally against the Jap- 
anese. Now this latest paficy 
line has started to hackfire. 

Foreigners are becoming 
more and more wary of invest- 
ing in the US, with the result 
that its interest rates are 
starting to rise again — in an 

_ A 'further round of interna- 
tional interest rate cots is 
likely after discussions be- 
tween finance ministers of the 
seven summit countries in 
Tokyo yesterday. The Chan- 
cellor, Mr Nigel Lawson.' de- 
scribed the prospects as “quite 

Summit governments, in- 
cluding the United ■ States, 
have, however, accepted ^ 
West Germany cannot lead 
the way because h is at present 
close to its lower exchange rate 
limit within the European 
Monetary System. 

Summit governments al so 
reached a truce in the dispute 
about exchange rate policy. 
They have rejected a plea for 
intervention to depress the 
yen from the Japanese Gov- 
ernment, but agreed to pause 
in. their efforts to bring down 
the dollar. 

The yen continued to rise 
and the dollar to fell on the 
foreign exchange markets. 

Other governments pointed 
out that since the dollar’s high 
point early last year, other 
currencies — ' including the 
pound — have risen as much 
as the yen against the dollar. 

When Mr Yasuhiro 
Nakasone, the Japanese Prime 
Minister, reopened the ques- 
tion of the yen in yesterday's 
discussions between heads of 
government. President Rea- 
gan apparently jokingly 
Thanked him for the assistance 
to US exporters. 

For the moment, summit 
governments say they are 
ready to leave exchange rates 
to market forces, concentrat- 
ing on the need for further 
interest rate cuts. 

This is a compromise be- 
tween the Japanese and Ger- 

Yasuhiro Nakasone: plea 
to depress the yen 
man view that the fell m foe 
dollar has gone for enough, 
A rift between summit gov- 
ernments on exchange rate 
management was avoided by 
agreement to enlarge the 
Group of Five 
Since last September, the 
finance- ministers of the Unit- 

ed States, Japan, West Germa- 
ny, France and Britain have 
co-ordinated centra] bank in- 
tervention in the currency 
markets, mounting a success- 
ful attack on the dollar. This 
has infuriated the Italians in 
particular, and Signor Bettino 
CraxTs main objective at the 
summit was to secure Italian 
access to an enlarged Group of 

However, the French and 
British resisted. They feared 
that if the Group of Five were 
enlarged the US, Japan and 
West Germany would decide 
to take all the important 
currency agreements among 

A wanting that British 
growth might be suffering in 
the short-term from the foil in 
oil prices, before the benefits 
began to show through, was 
given by Mrs Thatcher. 

Directors more optimistic 
about business prospects 

By Jeremy Warner, Business Correspondent 

Business confidence in eco- 
nomic prospects and the 
Government's policies has in- 
creased sharply since the Bod- 
V according to the latest 
siness Opinion Survey by 
the Institute of Directors. 

nation that is a mere whisker 
away from actual recession. 

Last month’s unemploy- 
ment news was negative. In 
addition, factory eiders for 
March and the March trade 
deficit were both disappoint- 
ing. Normally, this would have 
produced a rise in bond prices 

— cash and futures. 

But both cash and futures 

have dropped and the yteU on 
the 30-year cash bellwether is 
now back up to 7 Vi per cent 
andheading for 7% per cart — 
from a low of 7 J5 per cent on 
April 21.- 

No fine of pdficy — fiscal, 
monetary or fiyripi exchange 

— is producing accele rati ng 
economic growth. The 
Administration's forecasts of 4 
per cent growth in 1985 and 
1986 are wrong and have 
discredited it 

We are now in the following 

• Economic growth is negligi- 
ble. The first-q mater estimate 
of 32 per emit for real GNP 
growth is a bitter joke in the 

• Interest rates are starting to 
rise, in a context of economic 
stagnation — what they are not 
supposed to do. 

• Capital inflow is almost 
certainly declining; there is no 
other sensible explanation for 
the weakness of bonds. 

• Because of deflation.^reaF 
interest rates on government 
securities, from about five 
years out, are a uniform 9 % 
per cent — an unprecedented 
“rear rate. 

• The devaluation has foiled 
to halt the import 
perhaps because so many 
countries trading with the US 
have either not appreciated or 
have actually detained against 
the dollar. 

In short, America is in a fix. 
It plainly cannot afford the 
vast expenditures on social 
welfare and. military prepared- 
ness from its own resources. 
And now the most likely 
prospect is for a decline hi 
production, making still less 
available in the way of 

The survey, which was car- 
ried oat among members of the 
institute in the first three 
weeks of April, shows a sharp 
recovery ia confidence in gov- 
ernment policies, with £3 per 
cent of respondents satisfied 
or nentral with government 
performance compared with 
cent in Febnary. 

35 per cent said t hey 
were dissatisfied compared 
with more than half in 

Bosfaefcsmenorer wehningly 
believe that lower oil prices 
have proved beneficial to the 
British economy, with 72 per 
cent saying there has been a 
national benefit compared 
with 7 per cent who believe the 
effect has been adverse. - 
Half of those who took part 
in the survey said their compa- 
nies had benefited and only 8 
per cent said they bad 

There was also a dramatic 
improvement in optimism 
about - economic prospects. 
More than 40 per cent of 
businessmen said they were 
morebopefid thaa six months 
ago, the best result since Aprfl 

last year and dramatically jap 
from the 19 per cent reported 
in February. 

The results , of the survey 
contrast strongly with the view 
of economic prospects painted 
by the Keynrakn Cambridge 
Econometrics forecasting 

According to its latest fore- 
cast, unemployment will re- 
main at more than three 
witiitna for the next 10 years 
despite tiie benefits of cheaper 


The forecasting group ex- 
pects the economy to grow at 
only 2.1 per cent a year for the 
next two years compared with 
die Government's estimate of 
3 per cent. ' 

Several short-term indica- 
tors since the Budget make 
higher growth less Kkrfy, said 
the group, which Is the com- ■ 
mexoal wipe of the Cambridge 
Growth Project at the Univer- 

sity of Cambridge applied 
economics department 

Unemployment has In- 
creased unexpectedly, the bal- 
ance of payments is much 
worse than anticipated and 
industrial output has been 
almost stationary 

“Only the financial markets 
have been carried away with 
ever-increasing gains which 
appear to be more and more 
oat of touch with the underly- 
ing economic performance,” it 

“Although the fi»n in ofi 
prices has helped gross do- 
mestic product, by raising 
iIwmbiI ami re d ucing 
this is only about 0.5 
per cent, rasing 1986 growth 
from 13 per cent (expected in 
the Cambridge Econometrics 
December forecast) to 2 per 


“This is a significant slow- 
down from last year’s 3A per 

In the longer term the grotqi 
sees the continuation of a 
divided society with those in 
work experiencing continual 
improvements ia firing stan- 
dards. . 

fees face 
60% tax 

By Lawrence Lever. 

Many analysts, dealers and 
other recipients of huge sign- 
ing-on fees paid . by talent 
scouting city institutions are 
in fora shock from the Inland 
Revenue, according to Mr 
Peter Wyman, a partner at 
Deloitte Haskins & Bells, the 
international accountancy 

Mr Wyman is predicting a 
wave of litigation as the 
Inland Revenue assesses the 
signing on fees, known as 
goklen hellos, to income tax. 

This is likely to reduce the 
welcoming aspect of the hello 
considerably as assessments 
under Schedule E will general- 
ly be for income tax at a top 
rate of 60 per cent 
A variety of schemes have 
been used for those receiving 
golden hellos, aimed at dress- 
ing them up as capital rather 
than income, and therefore 
liable only to Capital Gains 
Tax at a maximum rate of 30 


“In most 


TODAY — Interims: 
CircaprinL Govetl Atlantic 
Investment Trust, Govett En- 
terprise Investment Trust, 
London Entertainments, Na- 
tional Home Loans Corpora- 
tion, Telecomputing* 
Trafalgar House (expected 
May 7), Anchor Intemauonal 
Fund (quarterly). Finals: Am- 
brose Investment Trust. Percy 

Bilton, Centreway Trust, Lee 
Cooper. United fiiendly In- 
surance, Ware Group. 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
Imperial Cold Storage, Royal 
Bank of Scotland Group, 
Whessoe. Fowls: Barker and 
Dobson, Oty of Oxford In- 
vestment Trust, Feedex, 
James Fisher, Harm 
Queensway, Molynx Hold- 
ings. NunJin sod Peacock, 
Silentnight Holdings, WA 

THURSDAY - Interims: AE 
Howard Group (interim divi- 
dend). United Spring and 
Steel. Vast Group. Finals: 
Allied-Lyons. European Fer- 
ries. Extel Group. Garner 
Booth. Holt Lloyd Interna- 
tional, Marks and Spencer, 
Just Rubber. Francis Sumner, 
UEL Usher-Walker. 

FRroAV - Interims: wmdsor 

Securities. Finals! German 
Smaller Companies Invest- 
ment Trust, Joseph -Holt, P 
and W Madellan. 

cases these 
schemes amply will not work 
And the Revenue will treat the 
Lyments as bring payments 
_r future services and liable 
to assessment under Schedule 
E,” Mr Wyman says. 

“We are aware of the types 
Of golden hello that are bring 
paid,” an Inlan d Revenue 
spokesman said. “The hellos 
themselves are going to be tied 
to taking employment and will 
normally be taxed under 
Schedule E In our view the 
position is fairly clear cut.". 

Saatchi poised to bid 
for leading US group 

By Our Business Correspondent 

Saatchi & Saatchi is in talks £400 million rights 
which could lead to the take- 

over of the third largest adver- 
tising agency in the United 
States, the privately-owned 
Ted Bates." 

A successful takeover by 
Saatchi ofBates would make it 
the largest-advertising agency 
in the World and go a long way 
towards meeting the group’s 
goal of creating a global net- 
work of business services. 

The negotiations have been 
going on for some time and 
have now reached a crucial 

two companies com- 
bined would have billings of 
S6.S billion (£4.2 billion) and 
a gross income of nearly £1 

Saatchi has announced a 


bringing its total market value 
to nearly £1 billion. Saatchi 
said at the time that the 
money was earmarked for a 
string of acquisitions and 
particularly a big push into the 
United Slates. 

Bates is a New York-based 
agency with billings of $3 
billion. It was founded in 1 945 
by Theodore Bates. During 
the 1960s it expanded interna- 
tionally with the acquisition of 
John Hobson in Britain and 
George Patterson in Australia. 

Elsewhere in the advertising 
industry, Wight Collins Ruth- 
erford Scott is said by stock 
market sources to be on the 
verge ofa large expansion with 
the conclusion of two substan- 
tial acquisitions. 

Schools move by CBI 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

The Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry, backed by 
£200,000 of private company 
cash, has launched an Indus- 

try Year attempt to persuade 
schools and universities to 

convince students of the value 
of the. wealth-creating manu- 
facturing sector. 

Under a plan backed by 
Rank Xerox, the CBI is to 
establish a National Educa- 
tion Programme Unit to be 
run jointly by Understanding 
British Industry (UBI). the 
scbools-mdusvry fink adminis- 
tered by the CBI's Education 

Rank Xerox is providing 
£120.000 to UBL with which 
it has been, involved for five 
years, bringing the total it has 
invested in the scheme to 
£200,000 over the next three 

The unit is to expand the 
provision of training work- 
shops on education manage- 
ment for head teachers and 
launch a secondment pro- 
gramme for teachers mto 
Rank Xerox. It will also 
publish a book to help young 
people adjust to adult working 
life and advise secondary 
schools of latest information 
technology developments. 

Top tax in 
US may be 
cut to 27% 

From Bailey Morris 

The US Senate is consider- 
ing proposals to cut the top 
rate of income tax from 50 per 
cent to 27 per cent. • 

In recent weeks, the Senate 
Finance Committee has tried 
and foiled to reach agreement 
on a broad range of tax reform 
measures, particularly those 
affecting favoured industries. 

To break the deadlock. Mr 
Robert Packwood, the chair- 
man. drew up a plan at the 
weekend which makes conces- 
sions to protected industries 
while retaining the goal of 
providing maximum tax relief 
to low-income and middle- 
income families. 

Yesterday, Mr Packwood 
threatened to meet around the 
clock to win support for the 
compromise legislation. 

The new {dan not only cuts 
by almost one-half the top 
individual rate, but also low- 
ers the top rate for corpora- 
tions sharply, from 46 percent 
to 33 percent. 

At the same time, the 
personal exception and stan- 
dard deduction would be 
raised to $2,000. 

T o counter t be lost revenues 
from the lowered rate struc- 
tures, the Packwood Bill 
closes an estimated $50 bil- 
lion-worth of tax loopholes. 

In addition, it attempts to 
make the tax system simpler, 
by eliminating the distinction 
between ordinary income and 
capital gains from investment 

The potential loss of prefer- 
ential treatment for capita] 
gains is expected to be one of 
the main sticking points in the 
Bill's prdgress. 

Under the new Bill, families 
with less than $40,000 annual 
income, or almost 80 per cent 
of all US taxpayers, would pay 
only at the IS per cent rate. 

Charities seek 
benefit change 
in Finance Bill 

Five of Britain’s leading 
’charities are pressing for an 
amendment in the Finance 
Bill which would allow them 
to benefit more from the 
Chancellor’s proposals for tax 
relief on charitable dentations. 

The five — Dr Bamardo’s, 
Men cap. Help the Agi 
Oxfom and the Save the 
Children Fund — are hoping 
for an amendment during this 
afternoon's. Finance Biff de- 
bate in the Commons, which 
would allow them to act as 
agents for other charities, to 
collect charitable contribu- 
tions from employees. 

The Bill at present would 
restrict schemes to collections 
by approved agencies such as 
the Charities Aid Foundation. 

White Paper tackles red tape 

By Teresa Poole 


cutting the red tape 
reaucracy affecting companies 
will be pnbfished in a. WMfe 
Paper on deregutetien later 
this month- 

Details will emerge of tew 
government departments are 
being made to evaluate foe 

cost m competes of comply* 

mg with new legislation. 

More arntmersfeOy, foe 
programme will include some 
unwinding of existing regular 
turns ia fields such as (Han- 
ning, employment, social 

Burden, the Enterprise and 
DeregaJation Unit at the De- 

beea working on taking this 

In the airtanan, foe unit- 
began disenssioos with other 
Government departments on 


Is foe latest step 
_ offensive 

PgaliwT what it pwcewes as 
excessive legislation which 
■holds back foe creation and 
growth of : companies, partico- 
lariy small businesses. 

gtnro (fie pubficathm last 
July of the first White Paper 

on deregulation, Lifting He 

tows which cause more trouble 
and inconvenience for bnsi-- 
nessraen it»n their benefits 

Officials now have to look at 
business costs when drawing 
up new legislation and mast 
a. “compliance costs 
to the deregulation 


If the proposed law foils to 
satisfy the unit, it can be 
Mocked. “We have already 
seen examples which have not 
been proceeded with,” one of 

Following op ideas in foe 
first White Paper^ there roil 

be farther suggestions for 
training e n forcement officers 
from departments indading 
foe Inland Revenue and Cus- 
toms and Exrise to take, 
greater account of the 
businessman's needs and 
views and to adopt a more 
hdpfri approach. 


Government Intends to cot 
down and simplify existing 

- Two main areas are still 
outer discussion: foe fatnre of 
foe small company awfit re- 
quirement and foe precise 
changes to foe nse classes 
order which specifies what 
fenctfons a property can be 
used for. 

A Department of Trade and 
Industry consultation! docu- 
ment on whether small compa- 
nies should be required to file 
annual accounts at Companies 
House found opinions sharply 

divided. That split has yet to 

be resolved. 

Those in fovonr of dropping 
the audit argue that money 
would be better spent by 

mem accounts. But this would 
remove one of the main, albeit 
historic, sources of mfonna- 

tion for the easterners and the 

creditors of a company. 

On property nses, foe aim is 
to reduce the number of cate- 
gories from the present level of 
more than 20. Some classes 
date from foe last century and 
are designed to control the 
siting of operations such as 
glue manufacturing 

Bat Mans to loosen the 
restrictions so that the ase of a 
property can be significantly 
changed without _ going 
thro ug h the full planning per- 
mission process have met op- 
position from environ- 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Is it more blessed 

to give or take? 

The Ron-Yasu summit, the Japa- 
nese are calling it, in cosy recognition 
that President Ronald Reagan is 
easily Prime Minister Yasuhiro 
Nakasone's most important guest. It 
is not only that the US and Japan be- 
tween them account for more than 
two-thirds of the output of the seven 
countries at the Tokyo summit. The 
economic ties between these two 
super-economies have become rather 
too close for comfort 

Japan now earns close on $6 billion 
a month from net trade with the US, 
the most important element in a 
current account surplus rising to- 
wards $70 billion, and an important 
factor in a US current account deficit 
approaching $135 billion. 

Japan’s surplus is spent on capital 
exports, on which in turn the US 
depends. American politicians persis- 
tently argue that Japanese capital is 
not financing the American budget 
deficit, but is drawn into the US by 
private investment opportunities. 
This is a diversion. The critical feet is 
that US industry and US government 
need to borrow more than American 
savers can supply, and much of the 
gap is filled by a Japanese tendency to 
save more than the country needs. 

One might suppose that this depen- 
dence made the US the supplicant at 
international meetings, and the Japa- 
nese top dogs. Not a bit of it. The 
Americans have been demanding 
that the Japanese save less, and 
extracting some remarkable-sound- 
ing promises to rejig the tax system 
and damp down savings incentives. 
And they have rebuffed the main 
Japanese economic request, which 
was for concerted central bank inter- 
vention to hold down the yen. The 
clue to this puzzle is not simply that 
the US economy is still three times 
the size of the Japanese. It is that both 
sides are desperate to protect their 
traders. America’s manufacturers are 
seamed by years of a rising dollar. 
Japan’s manufacturers are now fear- 
ful that one way or another, they will 
lose their American markets. And it 
is those who receive — the Americans 
— who hold the cards. They can, and 
do, threaten to lower the protectionist 

To be strictly fair to the American 
Administration, it has in Tokyo 
given more than lip-service to free 
trade, both in the dogged persistence 
with which it has herded the other 
summit countries towards a new 
worldwide set of trade negotiations, 
and in bilateral talks. But in the 
argument with Japan, it is the US 
which has to take the blame for the 
big. macroeconomic causes of the 
dispute while Japan is responsible for 
lots of microeconomic errors.. 

To see where America is in trouble, 
follow through the route it has chosen 
to correct its vast trade imbalance 
with Japan. Since the dollar’s high 
point early in 1985, the yen has risen 
more than 50 per cent against the 
dollar a staggering correction that 
has naturally begun to alarm Japa- 

nese manufacturers. The US Trea- 
sury Secretary. Mr James Baker, 
wants to see more; but Germany 
wants to call a halt, and even Britain 
is ready for a pause. So, while the 
Japanese request for concerted inter- 
vention to bring down the superyen 
(as last year it brought down the 
superdollar) received the thumbs 
down at the summit, the dollar is to 
be left, to market forces for a bit. 

Yet it is precisely those market 
forces that could prove Mr Baker’s 
undoing. The dollar's fall so for 
should, given time, force through 
quite an adjustment in America's 
deficit on the current account of its 
balance ofpayments. But the speed at 
which this can happen depends 
heavily on how rapidly America 
corrects its other imbalance, on the 
capital account of the balance of 
payments. And policy is moving 
along two different time-scales. 

Congress wants rapid improve- 
ment m the trade deficit. But the 
capital inflow will be needed so long 
as the budget deficit remains on its 
present scale; and for all the op- 
timism in President Reagan's 
speeches here, progress remains slow. 
This contradiction could be brutally 
resolved if the dollar begins to slide 
precipitately, which would choke off 
capital inflows and force internal 
adjustment But — if Congress cannot 
cut the deficit — that adjustment 
could only take one of two unpleasant 
forms. Either the Federal Reserve 
Board could loosen the reins and 
allow inflation to reduce the real 
burden of debt; or it could tighten to 
defend the dollar, thus choking off 
some of the private demand for 
capital but also damage the US 
economy’s chances of achieving the 
acceleration so confidently predicted 
in Tokyo where the Administration 
has said much of its trade deficit can 
be attributed to the growth gap 
between buoyant America and slug- 
gish Europe. 

In the first half of the 1980s, 

America’s propensity to import — 
that is, the import share of every 

extra bit of domestic demand — 
increased 24 per cent, much in line 
with other Western countries. Japan’s 
increased only 3 per cent 
But does it matter where the merits 
lie, to the rest of the summit 
governments pottering around To- 
kyo? Unfortunately, it does. For the 
situation would only be stable if both 
economies were happy to go on 
giving and taking in the way they do 
today; and while Japan is happy to 
save too much, America is not happy 
to import too much. A free fall for the 
dollar would oblige ail members of 
the summit club to engage in a 
complicated rescue operation. Worse 
stiff, protectionism in America 
would, by all accounts hit Europe 
harder than Japan; and Britain 
perhaps hardest of alL 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 


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Diamond sale holds key 
to sector’s fortunes 

.This morning's . sight in 
Charterhouse Street is particu- 
larly important to the dia- 
mond business. For it will help 
to confirm whether the dis- 
tinct upswing iu the diamond 
market of the past six months 
is indeed the change of fortune 
for which De Bern prayed in 
the dark years of the early 

A sight is a curious rituaL 
Invited merchants, the De 
Beers trustees, examine in the 
dear northern light the con- 
tents of little boxes of stones. 

■They may not negotiate 
over the price of the box — a 
.stricture which somewhat goes Julian (Mvie Thompson: 
against the grain, one suspects 1985 marked taming point 
— and refusals of the Central . .... 

Seffing Organization's kind Ja” 

[vie Thompson: 
d taming point 

offers are discouraged. 

was that it retained control of 
the market while other mo- 

B£ ****** t* n^x)U« or commodity e®ree- 

which take the pulse of the ^ Now ^ 

market Tlus b the smah business appeare to be good 
men of the wholesale and OIK ,; n nmhihh> h* 

men or xne wnoiraaie ana ^ ^ere will probably be 
retail trade - the lifeblood of ^ of alternatives to the 
the diamond market - meet cso. 7 ^ out ]ook foradia- 
the men of the syndicate. mond futures contract has 

And the preoccupation of dimmed, 
the organization men will be evidence that business 

whether their price increase of ^ picking up on a secular 
7J per cent announced last *^ 0 ^ Exhibit A is 
month but operative from ^ pronounced optimism of 
Tuesday will suck, not least ^ Beers itselC not least in the 
because this is thenme ofvear ek ^ t form of ^ Julian 
when retailers begrnto draw ^ ie Thompson, successor 
up their crucial Christmas m Ihe living l^od Mr Harry 
catalogues. Oppenheimer as chairman. 

Price increases at the CSO xhTfirst three sights of ! 985 
arenoi tiie ante as pnee dismal xamd 

increases anywhere d^. The ^ w much ^ 

7.5 per coil is coyly termed an the CSO to push 

Taverage increase. Some cat- diamond sales for the whole 
egones of stones wfll go up by year up by 13 per cent to $1.82 
less, or not at all others wiU go Son (£1.19 Wlion). 
up by more. 

The CSO will juggle the Mr Ogilvie Thompson said 
contents of individual mer- last week that 1985 marked 
chants’ boxes to accommo- the turning point and that the 
date desires expressed in- trend has continued into this 
formally or known by virtue year* The surest sign histon- 
of the type of business the cally of the condition of the 
merchant does. But only the diamond market has been De 
CSO knows for sure what Beers stocks. After a relentless 
value is being placed on which rise over several years, they 

category of stone. 

These are the rules, and 

fell in 1985 by $56 million. 

In the context of stocks still 

most merchants accept them, valued at around $2 billion. 
Indeed, the measure of De this is a modest sum. It is also 
Beers's success during the deceptive because De Beers 


has learnt the lesson of the late 
19705 when a boom resulted 
in low stocks and left the 
company exposed to specula- 
tive fever. However much the 
market grows, Mr OgDvie 
Thompson is reluctant to 
allow stocks to fell below 
about $1.5 billion. 

So more weight should in 
future be placed op the other 
two main indicators: sales and 
profits. There is confidence 
that the steady rise in sales will 
continue. Alter a sticky start 
when De Beers encountered 
problems persuading the 
Bombay diamond cutlers to 
accept the often very small 
and low quality stones from 
the Argyle deposit in Austra- 
lia, the market has absorbed 
the new output. 

This year Argyfe's prod- 
uction wfl] amount to perhaps 
20 million carats of bort and 
industrial quality stones 
against an existing industrial 
market of around 150 million 

But it is the gem stones 
which bring home the bacon. 
The rise in incomes in devel- 
oped countries has encour- 
aged sales, notably among 
single women. 

The men’s jewellery market, 
so long touted by the CSO, is 
said finally to have taken off 
in the US, and the Japanese 
market is now almost as big. 

What gives De Beers and 
other sections of the business 
heart is the much wider range 
of rough stones being bought 
by the trade. The shape of the 
market is now a very broad- 
based pyramid, representing a 
host of smaller and generally 
rather low-quality varieties. 
But sales of more expensive 
stones have risen also. 

If this pattern is maintained 
and the mice increase does 
stick, De Beers will once again 
have proved its hold over this 
most glamorous and unusual 
of commodity markets. In the 
diamond business one does 
not sell in May and go away. 

Michael Prest 

Laser lights way 
for revitalized 
typesetting firm 

Time to pour oil on 
N Sea tax waters 

Some recent issues on die 
Unlisted Securities Market 
axe not, on closer inspection. 

position to benefit Aon these 
treads. .. 

The shares are being offered 

new to the market but are, in at 157p, which rallies die 
feet, the walking wounded of a company at £29 million. The 
decade ago, retiming rental- historic p/e is fl.5 times and, 
bed fat the past few years by if the company had been public 

management buyouts. 

in 1985, ft would bare yielded 

An after for sale this week is 4 per cent in dividends. ■ 
a classic example of this The new issoe market has 
phenomenon. Philips & Drew - been crowded in the past two 
is bringing to the market weeks with no fewer than fear 
MnofMvne Carnoration. mans- offers for sale and several 

Monotype Corporation, manu- 
facturers of advanced laser- 
based photo typesetting 


The company is in t he 
forefront of modern printing 
equipment technology, and it 

One which may appeal and 
which is another example of a 
management buyout is 
Mnsteriin. This isa publisher 
wader the Phaftkm imprint, 

is participating in Fleet sp ec Ja l i ri agia high epsslity art 
Street reraln&a, supplying and art history birnks. And, in 
; prtiii>i»r y | far to Mr conjunction with Christies, the 

Eddy Shah's Today. auctioneer, it produces books 

Monotype Corporation, specially designed for 
founded in 1897, was for many coUectors. 
decades a leading producer of The company last - year 

type setting machinery in hot launched a range of cnftural 
metal bat the company travel grides winch they idea- 

dedined in the 1970s because tilled as a g 
of an ageing product range and able travel 
a lack of capital investment. ' These have 
Development of the modern cessfid and 
range of Lasercomp m a chin es as much a 
begin in the mid 1970s, bnt turnover in t 

tilled as a gap in the fashion- 
able travel book market 
These have been highly suc- 
cessful and have contributed 
a 3 much as £V4 minimi to 
turnover in the first 12 months 

the business remained under- of production. 

capitalized until a manage- 
ment buyout three years ago 
which was timed with a finan- 
cial reconstruction funded by 
City institotions. 

Since that date the business 
has blossomed, and pretax 
profits have gone from £37,000 
in 1982 to£2_5 million in 1985. 

The group has a broad 
international base of enstom- 

Tfae company has a second 
trading a ctivity under the 
Equinox name. Here it pack- 
ages and sells internationally- 
produced books under licence, 
mostly multi- volume encyclo- 
paedias. This side of the 
business has befit up slowly 
over the past five years, but it 
reached takeoff in 1985. 

The company made pretax 
profits of £539,000 in 1985 

OT wbo faidale amde raageof ^ mvani with’ £168,000 in 
printers and pnMisners as well i9g4. Earnings per share were 

as newspapers and magazines. 
Sales to North America have 
grown particularly quickly in 
me past two years, and Europe 
is the other important market, 
so that safes of the group are 
87 per cent overseas. 

There is still considerable 
mileage in the cost reductions 
to be achieved throegh techno- 
logical improvements, and the 
company is in an excellent 

11 .Sp, based on an actual tax 
charge of Z5 per cent, leaving 
the shares on a multiple of 1 § 
times at the enrreut price of 
H 6 p. 

This could prove a reward- 
ing investment. 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member cf the 
smaller companies ' unit at 
Philips & Drew ■ - 

Sir Pester Walters, tbe chair- 
man ofBP. last week fired the 

North Sea oil industry’s 
opening salvo in what could 
prove to be a fight for its life. 
-He called for a -• “radical 
revision? in British taxation 
policy on grounds of-equity 
and to allow for future invest- 
ment . . 

Since tbe high tax rates in 
the North -Sea were imposed 
to ensure the Government 
reaped the windfefl benefit of 
astronomic oil prices, it is 
.surely only feir to introd uc e 
lower taxes now. . . 

There appear .to be two 
main options. Petroleum rev- 
enue tax <PRT) may be 
reduced or abolished, or. the 
PRT “ring fence” can be 
broken. This means the de- 
velopment of .a new field 
would be allowed to be offset 
against the PRT bill of a 
producing field. A third op- 
tion, the rebating of royalties, 
is already available, bat this 
is discretionary and therefore 

Tbe arguments are Ukdy to 
be . neither straightforward 
nor dear-cut. Any changes in 
oil taxes wfl] be aimed at 
fulfilling two main objec- 
tives, namely the treed to 
encourage new developments 
which will, form the basis of 
continuing high levels of 
production in the 1990s, and 
the need to keep exploration 
at a level which wfll sustain 
the longer-term existence of 
the Norm Sea oil province. 

The only fields still paying 
substantial .amounts of the 
penal petroleum revenue tax 
at the current 75 percent rale 
are the older fields such as 
Forties, Claymore, Ninian 
and Thistle which have re* 
couped their capital cosl The 
actual tax paid each year has 
varied per company depend- 
ing on the relief claimed for 

If PRT were to be reduced, 
or abolished, tbe imnmflfate 
effect would be to improve 
the financial health of the 
industry although it- would 

not. necessarily - save many 
<m»ii companies whose cash 
flow ami borrowing problems 

go much deeper. 

Unfortunately, there is no 
guarantee that this increased 
cash flow will be. spent cm 
drilling in - the North Sea. 
.Indeedif the system is left as 
^it stands.* js more Kkdy u>. 
produce higher levels of (hill- 
ing activity as drilling quali- 
fies for tax rei ieC i f the 
..companies were freed from 
the tax, they might choose to 
. keep the money if there were 
no attractive prospec t s, or 
. spend it ovoseas. 

Because tbe Govcrmnentis 
anxious ■ that oil revenues 

- should be ploughed back- into 
the North Sea, overseas driS- 
:ing does not qualify for UK 

- tax relief This puts British 
companies at a disadvantage 

.to their American counter- 
parts. Every pound spent on 
foreign drilling costs a pound 
in after-tax income, as op- 
posed to nearer 15p after tax 
relief in the North Sea. 

But foreign exploration 
should not be condemned but 
of hand. The service industry 
is feeling the pinch after 
wholesale cutbacks in capital 

- expenditure in the North Sea 
and the Government is urg- 
ing it to seek new markets 

It can -succeed in this onfy 
.by following its national oil 
companies. Just as the US 
service industry broke into 
tbe North Sea through the 
patronage of the American oil 
companies, which were, after 
all placing the orders, so the 
British service industry over- 
seas needs the patronage of 
the British oil companies. 
The North Sea is in any case a 
finite, resource, and the Brit- 
ish oil industry . needs to 
expand overseas to prepare 
for the day domestic opportu- 
nities run out . 

Despite the tax shelter sti& 
available, there has been a 
dramatic fell in wells drilled . 
in the north-west European 

continental shelf from 94 in 
January to 69 now. 

As tire reality of lower oil 
prices sinks in, the cuts will 
become more savage. In Brit- 
ain alone, the number of 
active offshore wells has fall- 
en from 46 to 29. 

One constraint on drilling 
cutbacks is the targe number 
.of obligation wells due to be 
drilled this year. These are 
wells which licensees agreed 
to drill as a condition of being 
awarded the licence. 

Many of these wells are in 
some of the 1 most inhospita- 
ble parts of tire North Sea, 
with very deep water. Any 
find there is almost bound to 
be unconunerri&l even if the 
off price returns to $18 a 
barrel. Yet, unless there is a 
change m government policy, 
they will be drilled at the 
expense of possibly more 
promising wdis in estab- 
lished areas.. 

The Government, has al- 
ready gone a long way to 
encourage future develop- 
ments. No royalties are pay- 
able on fields where dev- 
elopment approval is given 
after 1983, and they will 
qualify for double oil all- 

Moist will not fell into the 
tax net at all at present prices, 
so they will not benefit from a 
reduction in PRT rates. Con- 
ceivably, they could be 
helped fty breaking the ring 
fence, but on their own they 
are simply not economically 

Tbe industry will continue 
to seek concessions on sepa- 
rate field status for small 
finds dose to existing devel- 
opments, and the Chancellor 
has promised to look into it. 
But-ifais issue is not central to 
the problems cursed by low 
ofl pikes. The industry is 
likely to concentrate its fire- 
power on the case for a lower 
rate of PRT mid removal of 
the PRT ring fence. 

Carol Fergnson 




UIC 1 


.umpouy o 



• BRC 

W* AiC. 

)NX- EN 




njpfj rr^i I* ‘ TnT 

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m\, ii mbit 

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(Extracts from a statement by the Chairman. Mr Philip Bede) 

• The Group pre-tax profits for the year of 
£13.1 million have increased by 24% over the pre- 
vious year. 

• The proposed final dividend of lO.Op per share 
making 14.0p per share for the year represents an 
increase of 17.4%. 

• Buehler International Inc (formerly Mowlem 
Technology) had another successful year, 'with 
growth in turnover and profits both in the United 
States and from its United Kingdom subsidiaries. 
A 24% interest in fiuehler was successfully floated 
in the United States in December 1985. 

• The acquisition of Alfred Booth at a cost of 
£17 million was completed in January and we 

. believe that our entry into private house building 
will prove to be of significant benefit to the Group. 

• As anticipated, property development has 
again made an important contribution with profits 
of approximately £4.0 million. 

• On Monday 21st April 1986 work started on 
the new London City Airport and we expect com- 
mercial flying operations to start there in the third 
quarter of 1 987. 
























12.1 • 





















Wagon tadnstrial Holdings 
Mr Psurt D Taylor succeeds 
Mr Peter Kinnear as chair- 
uian.' Mr Kinnear is to remain 
a non-executive director* Mr, 
John L Hudson becomes 
group chief executives 

International Signal & Con- 
trol Group: Dr Simon Waider 
has joined the mam board.' 

P^er-Hattersfey: Mr Eric- 
SwaiBsou is fo jam the- board 

Matthews. Mr A B Wheeler 
has become managing direc- 
tor-designate to sneraed Mr H 
M Grace on December 31. 
- Caledonian Associated Cin- 
emas: Mr Peter L Perrins has 
been named as a director. 

Bacon & Woodrow: Mr 
Marshall Field has been made 
a consultant partner. 

■ Plancdl Ifcr Forster: Mr 
Richard Woffenden has be- 

H* .tTji i iii'ii i > • i > w | • ■■ i ■ »!•, *»” iu,,r^fii 

that he should ta- Unity Trust: Mr Michael 
coroe cfaairm an in July, 1987 Marsdeo has been made an 
on dte-retirement of Sir Pieter, executive director. 


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Summary of Results 

1 1.9p 

Turnover 414.0 380.0 

Profit before tax 13.1 10.6 

Profit after tax 7.7 6.8 

Earnings per share 30-2p 26.7p 

Dividends per share 14.0p 1 1.9p 

iMlTi If vou would like to receive a copy of the Annual Report con- 
Wstgpte House. Ealing Road. Brentford. Middlesex TWS 0Q2L 

ThW Adwrfktmem |* peNhhtd ht 1 Henr> Schrader Wagg & Co. Limited on bdwlf 
of Mowlem. 

The Oilman of Mmrieoi art raspomllik for ibe information contained hi thk 
jkfwniwwitu la the heu of their knowledge and bdkf (havfoK taken all icaMnsble 
care 10 eiKdn-TSi cSephe inlmHHlna amahwd rn tbhodwxthetnem Is la* 

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EMS the variable in 
loan rates equation 

The gilt market feds fife; a 
once raucous party where the 

drink has ran <Mit and the 

guests are sobering _up. New 
supplies are promised,- but is 
u worth hanging on? The 
temptation is simply to call it 
a day and go home. 

• Yields have plunged on 
railing inflation and the pros- 
pect of short interest rates in 
headlong retreat When base 
rates were last reduced the 
money markets .were already 
looking for the next cut and 
the gilt market was following 
market rates. 

In the event it took a dose 
of sobriety in die United 
States bond market to bring 
the British markets to. heeL 
Money rates adjusted to the 
existing base, rate level and 
gilt prices fell, although noth- 
ing tike as fer as US bonds. 
Since then the gilt market has 
.been in a slate of torpor. But 
with long yields at about 9 per 
cent and base rates at 1 Ofc per 
cent, it continues to discount 
further base rate cuts. 

That is the central problem 
feeing the market If anything 
the underlying fundamentals 
have improved recently. But 
the market is at a level which 
has further good news already 
built into it So what can send 
it better? 

The market needs the heme 
of base rate cuts to be 
translated into reality — with 
the firm prospect of more to 
come. In short, it needs base 
rales to go some of the way to 
catch up with long yields 
before it can make further 

In the short term, domestic 
| factors are unlikely to be 
much help. Tuesday’s money 
supply figures will probably 
be grim, with £M3 growingby 
per cent of so on the 
month. Immediate help for 
British base rate prospects 
must come from abroad. 

Another round of interna- 
tional rate cuts emerging 
from the Tokyo 'summit 
would be one source. Even if 
this is not delivered soon by 
international diplomacy, it 
may well be delivered later by 
economic forces. . 

We have reached the inter- 
esting position where officials 

in West Germany and Japan 
fed that die dollar is already 
low enough and want to haft 
the slide, yet in the United 
States the Administration is 
apparently happy to see the 
(foliar fell further, and. the 
Federal Reserve is worried 
about the continuing weak- 
ness of the US economy, a 
concern which Friday’s em- 
ployment statistics did noth- 
lngto allay. 

This difference of view wfll 
stand in the way of an 
effective intervention strate- 
gy to shore up the dollar. So 
the only course' of action 
open for West Germany and 
Japan, short of fiscal expan- 
sion, is further reductions in 
interest rates. But to have an 
effect on their currencies, 
these will have to be reduc- 
tions unmatched by re&jc- 
tioos in the US. 

Yet as long as the US 

economy disappoints hopes 
of resurgence, US rates them- 
selves will be beading down. 
The West German central 
bank may be worried about 
the weakness of the mark 
within the European Mone- 
tary System but this wfll be 
temporary. Once it Is over. 
West German, rates will sure- 
ly come down. 

lairing further out, purely 
domestic factors should bring 
British rates down. Forget 
£M3. it is inflation which is 
governing British interest 
rate -policy now. 

The market was favourably 
surprised by the Treasury's 
Budget forecast that inflation 
would be down to 3& percent 

by the end of the year. Yet 
that now looks decidedly on 
the conservative side; Vh per 
cent could be reached by May 
(reported in June), and grant- 
ed a fear wind coukf just 
about hold until the end of 
the year. 

At current base rate levels, 
this Would put real interest 
rates at 8per cent This need 
not be a serious concern if 
prospects for the real econo- 
my were robust. But recent 
statistics have heightened 
worries on this sane. The 
trade figures for March made 
particularly gloomy reading. 
And unemployment has con- 

Commercial paper fiddle 

Back on terra firms, fast 
week’s announcement of the 
Government’s plans to per- 
mit the emergence of a Ster- 
ling commercial, paper 
market will i^e the task of 
interpreting moneiaiycandi- 
tions much more difficult. 

For when it takes o££ This 
new market will diverts large 
amount of borrowing away 
from the banks and hence out. 
of £M3 miffioo. But the 
authorities have stated that 
they do not propose to in- 
clude- commercial -paper 
holdings in any of the other 
recognized aggregates such as 
PSlZ where they properly 

This will have the. result 
that at long last £M3 million 
should come within bounds, 
but we will only be able to 
guess how much of this is due 
to the commercial paper fid- 
dle, and bow much is 

Commercial paper de- 
serves fund managers* 
thoughts' for another reason 
too. It will be competing with 
acceptances, which are. kept 
artifitiafiy. cheap by the Bank - 
df England's need to buy in 
vast quantities of bills to roll- 
over its “bill mountain". not make sense to 
cut down on bill purchases 
and gradually run off the bill 
moumain, thus both ridding 
the authorities of a source of 
trouble and giving the new 
market a fair stmt? To do 
this, however; the authorities 
would have to under-fund the 
PSBR, thus leaving the mar- 
kets with sufficient liquidity 
to take up the bills no longer 
being brought by the Bank. 

Yet that would not be so 
bad eitheri lt would boost the 
gilt market, thus helping to 
underpin asset values gener- 
ally. With the economic re- 
covery needing 

reinforcement and- the 
Government’s fiscal pro-, 
gramme dependent upon 
substantial privatization is- 
sues, that would be most, 

But how could such an 
operation be presented? If the 
authorities cut their issues of 
gilts to reduce their bill 
holdings the result would 
probably he a corresponding 
switch out of bill finance and 
into commercial paper fi- 
nance, with private debt 
fcomtnerrial paper), rather 
than public debt (gilts) in the 
hands of investors. 

The authorities would have 
achieved . nothing less than 
the privatization of the bill 

Roger Bootle 

Director wnd chief econo- 
mist. Lloyds Merchant 

A market in the melting pot 1 5 

tinned to rise fester than the 
Government expected. . 

So the Chancellor has a 
tightrope to walk. On the one 
hand the favourable inflation 
prospects depend on contin- 
ued confidence in sterling, 
which would be undenmned 
by over-hasty base rate cuts. 
So he must make all due signs 
of caution and reluctance, 
keeping one eye on the oil 
mice and another on the 
Federal Reserve, before cut- 
ting British sates. But he can 
fll afford to take risks with the 
British recovery either. So 
rates wifi have to come down, 

- despite the diss emb lin g . 

The gpt fund manager has 
also to find space in the back 
of his mind to keep thoughts 
of die EMS alive. Despite 
frequent dowsings from . the 
Prime Minister, the flames of 
hope still born in the Bank of 
England, the Foreign Office, 

. and now the Treasury. - 

Predicting the tinting of 
entry is virtually impossible 
and it may not occur until 
after the next election. But if 
it- does happen, it win be 
without mudi warning, and 
probably over a weekend. 
Fund managers would come 
into the office to find the gzh 
market several points better. 

For with a firm commit- 
ment to the EMS in' place, 
UK interest rates would be 
enormously attractive. What- 
ever tile Chancellor says 
about high British rates being 
.needed to offset a higher rate 
of growth of unit labour costs, 
rates here look 2-3 per cent 
higher relative to rates abroad 
than can be accounted for by 
this factor. 

The reason seems to be that 
international investors de- 
mand a "‘confidence 
premium” from sterling in- 
terest rates to compensate for 
the perceived risk of curren cy 
depredation. With sterling in 
the., EMS tire need fin* that 
premium'. would be much' 
reduced, and British rates 
would have to come down 
with a thump. But EMS 
entry, ifnot quite in the lap of 
the gods, is not fer from it It 
is for Mis Thatcher to decide. 

Big bang and the advance 
to artificial, intelligence 
together promise exciting 
and potentially traumatic 
changes to the securities 
industry. J Dnndas 
Hamilton assesses the 
pitfalls and. benefits lying 
in wait for the stock- 
broker between now the 
the torn of the century. 

1 foresee quite a dearly 
defined division between the 
short term, which runs from 
the present date until the end 
of J989, and the longer term, 
ending at the turn of the 

The reason behind such a 
definite break at the end of the 
present decade lies in the date 
of the big bang (October 27) 
and the terms of the deals 
which have been agreed be- 
tween financial houses, the 
Stock Exchange and member 
firms, whereby the partners 
are locked into the new o io- 
nizations for a five-year peri- 
od from the middle of 1984. 

The short-term outlook for 
mem be - firms is not as black 
as it is often painted. The 
trend towards a smaller num- 
ber of businesses, divided 
more sharply into the laige. 
the specialist and the small, is 
likely to continue. 

The speed of change will 
depend largely upon the state 
of the stock market and the 
action taken by government to 
encourage investment by the 
private individual. If the big 
bang coincides with a pro- 
longed fell in equity prices and 
low. turnover, then the transi- 
tion could be painfol indeed. 

But the encouragement of 
the share-owning individual 
by fiscal measures could well 
reduce the impact. The firm 
solely dependent upon private 
I chents is, in my view, in a less 
I vulnerable position than the 
medium-sized firm which has 
expanded its services to cater 
for a limited number of insti- 
tutional connections. 

The new gih-edged market 
will open in the autumn of 
1986 with possibly some 30 
market-makers. The six major 
gilt-edged brokers and the 
three existing gilt-edged job- 
bers will be joined by a further 
half dozen brokers currently 
not in the top flight two or 
three discount houses, and a 
further half dozen overseas 
bouses, some of which al- 
ready use the gilt-edged mar- 
ket as a hedge in their United 
States Treasury bond dealings. 

The liquidity of the market 
is likely to go through three 
separate stages. At first I 
would expect it to be fairly . 
high, as the well-financed 
newcomers decide that they 
have to show their muscle 
power and are prepared to 
learn by their mistakes. 

The second stage might 
prove to be more cautious, 
when those who had decided 
togain market share at any 
cost realize that the size of the 
market is insufficient to ac- 
commodate so many players. 

And finally, around the end 
of the five-year period, some 
will decide that the game is 
not worth the candle and 
make a tactical withdrawal, 
leaving at most a dozen major 
concerns in competition. 

The firms which have com- 
mitted Themselves totally to a 
bank or other financial institu- 
tion may in practice undergo 
the most traumatic experience 
ofalL The difference in culture 

History in the making ^electronics will limit the role of the Stock Exchange floor 

between autonomy in stock- 
broking, with all the flexibility 
and individual responsibility 
which this has entailed, and 
hierarchy in ‘banking, may 
stretch some loyalties to the 

While partners who have 
acquired very large capital 
sums may accept their new 
status as inevitable, many will 
find it difficult to continue 
their work with the same 
competitive edge. 

Overseas firms which have 
taken a strategic decision not 
to acquire a member firm but 
to rely on their own expertise 
and enhance their existing 
Loudon organizations have 
already exhibited a willingness 
to buy talent and shown that 
they have long purses to 
satisfy their needs. 

Differences in 
culture may 
stretch loyalties 

These star players, particu- 
larly where they come from 
the medium-sized firms, will 
find themselves placed in the 
invidious positions of having 
to decide whether to stay in a 
firm whose future prosperity 
is in some doubt and miss an 
opportunity which may never 
occur again, or to seize the 
chance for themselves in the 
knowledge that their depar- 
ture may put their friends and 
colleagues in jeopardy. 

The dealing system will 
gradually evolve over the 
three years to the end of the 
decade, and the floor of the 
House, although do longer the 
centre for the largest transac- 
tions, will continue to play its 
part as a market place. 

' It is possible that a two-tier 
market will develop, differen- 
tiating between the major 
stocks of international interest 
and those of the smaller 
domestic companies. Auto- 
mated dealing systems for 
small bargains will be installed 
and, well before the end of the 
decade, the methods of input 
of last trades and the audit 
trail for surveillance will be 
fully established. - 

For the investment clients, 1 
am doubtful if many institu- 
tions will notice a material 
reduction in costs. The 
present rates of commission 
on UK equities compere very 
well with those charged on US 
common stocks, even after the 
1984 cuts, and the reductions 
in commissions on gilt-edged. 

A warning 


Housing crisis waning 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

Annual retons for 1985 which 
have not readied the Registrar of 
Companies are now overdue and 
must be filed immediately 
with the £20 fee. 

Any accounts forafinacdal year endirig 

30 June 1985 or earlier are also overdue and 
must be filed immediately. 

Failure to file returns or accounts is 
a criminal offence for which individual 
directors are liable to prosecution (in the 
last year there has been a 40% increase in 

prosecutions). . . 

Convictions . are now being notmea 
to local papers in. the areas: where file 
defaulting directors live. ■ 

Comnanies House, Crown Way, Maindy, 
Cardiff CF4 3UZ. Tel; Cardiff (0222) 388588 

A housing crisis will occur 
in the. next decade unless 
spending on council bouses is 
stepped up, according to an 
article in the national West- 
minster Bank Quarterly Re- 
view, published today. 

“Publicly-provided housing 
is the most run-down sector of 
the nation’s infrastructure,’* 
foe author, Mr Owen Simon, 
economist at the: British Insti- 
tute of Management, says. 
Spending on improving lo- 
ad authority housing needs to 
be 'boosted by at least £1 

billion a year to prevent a 
housing crisis. In addition, 
new council house construc- 
tion has felien below demand 
in recent years. 

The Policy Studies Institute 
has estimated that £1 billion a 
year needs to be spent on 
building new council homes. 

Between 1963 and' 1983, 
house bufiding rates in Britain 
were lower than in most other 
industrialized countries, Mr 
Simon says. “Waste, ineffi- 
ciency, loss of amenity, urban 
decay, negative impact on 

education, bad bousing and 
traffic congestion seem to be 
among the consequences of 
delaying maintenance spend- 
ing and cutting back on 
newbuild capital program- 
mes,” be says. 

The root cause of the prob- 
lem, according to foe artide, is 
the inclusion of capital spend- 
ing in. foe public sector bor- 
rowing .requirement. Econ- 
onomicaDy viable capital 
projects should be financed 
through borrowing, it is-said. 

Tbs advertisement is issued in compliance with the requirements of the Council of Tha Slock Exchange 

Lamont Holdings PLC 

■ (Registered in Scotland No. 18964) 

Issue of 

up to 500,000 5.6% second cumulative preference shares of £1 each 


up to 890,895 10% third cumulative preference shares of £1 each 
in connection with the recommended offers by 


on behalf of 

. . Lamont Holdings PLC 

for the' whole erf the issued ordinary and 

preference share capital of • 

Shaw Carpets PLC 

The above shares of Lamont Holdings PLC have been admitted to the Official List 
by the Council of The Stock Exchange subject to allotment 

Listing particulars relating to Lament Holdings PLC are available m foe Statistical Services of Ertel 
Sta ti s ti cal Services Limited and copiss may be collected from the Company Announcements 
Office; The Stock Exchange, Throgmorton Street London EC2P 2BT, for two days from tbs date of 
this notice and, during n ormal business hours on any weekday (Saturdays excepted), for 14 days 
from the date of this announcement from: 

introduced in 1 983, make 
them competitive with the 
kind of margins that foe new 
market-makers will require to 
maintain continuous and liq- 
uid markets. 

The institutional invest- 
ment manager will find him- 
self looking closely at foe 
financial standing of his bro- 
kers, particularly in times of 
weak or felling markets, and 
he may decide that prudence 
should take precedence over 
personal allegiance in reduc- 
ing the number with whom be 

It is probable that he will 
agree a package of commis- 
sion with those brokers who 
undertake most of his busi- 
ness, so that he does not have 
to negotiate every transaction 
and ensures both an efficient 
dealing service and foe benefit 
of research material. 

The private client is likely 
to receive a better service than 
previously, although he may 
well have to pay more for it. 
The number of investors is 
also likely to rise substantially, 
at least towards the end of the 
eighties, as banks, building 
societies, chain stores and 
others promote financial ser- 
vices, with investment to the 

The discount broker, too. 
will be in evidence, offering an 
“execution only” service, al- 
though this is more likely to 
appeal to the professional 
punter than foe investment 

. In international securities. I 
believe, foe short term will 
show a really material devel- 
opment The quoting of over- 
seas securities on the SEAQ 
screen, particularly those of 
European companies, will 
provide opportunities for 
London investors which have 
been lacking before. 

The 24-hour market where 
the market- maker’s book ro- 
tates round the world from 
London to Newyork toToltyO 
and back to London, will give 
an exceptional dealing facility. 
And foe British participants in 
the Eurobond market will 
have added strength to their 
position with a widespread 
network of retail outlets be- 
hind them. 

In 1988-89, we will see foe 
beginning of the truly 
paperless registration of secu- 
rities and the cashless settle- 
ment. The tedious and 
expensive paperwork of today 
will give way to the automatic 
book-entries that will be com- 
monplace in the nineties. 

The final year of the eighties 
may. however, prove almost 
as traumatic as 1986 or 1987 
to those who set up the major 
financial conglomerates. In 
this year, many former part- 
ners who were locked into 
their new organizations by 
way of “golden handcuffs’* 
will be set free. 

If the culture differences 
have proved insurmountable 
or the managements of the 
new organizations have failed 
to provide the incentive and 
job satisfaction to inject their 
teams with the drive for 
success that motivated them 
previously, there will be an 
exodus from stockbroking of 
many of the current high- 
flyers in the industry. At the 
same time, the success or 
failure of market-making in 

The briefcase may 
contain not 
paper bnt a VDU 

both the gilt-edged and equity 
markets will have become 
apparent over a three-year 

In the more general field of 
broker-dealers, management 
buyouts may also take place, 
where financial institutions 
return to the business with 
which they feel more comfort- 
able and foe frustrated entre- 
preneurs start again in some 
more specialist role. 

By the end of foe eighties, in 
my view, London will have 
become foe accepted world 
centre for international invest- 
ment management. In the 
previous few years, a large 
number of leading overseas 
organizations will have sought 
membership of the Stock Ex- 
change. since it will be seen to 
be the principal overseas mar- 
ket for the domestic securities 
of many European countries. 

The market for internation- 
al securities in foe Pacific 
Basin will still be centered on 
Tokyo, but for local securities 
outside Japan. Hong Kong 
will be the acknowledged cen- 
tre, becoming increasingly im- 
portant as the influence of 
China grows. 

The key to the nineties lies 
in the increasingly rapid de- 
velopment of technology, 
which will be most felt in three 
areas; input of data and com- 
mands. communication, and 

The development of full 
word-of-mouth to printed 
word operations is still at an 

early stage. Commercial com- 
puters with the facility to 
accept vocal instructions are 
limited to a few words of 
command. However, -if the 
human ear and brain can 
identify the meaning of 
sounds, there is no reason why 
foe computer should feiL 

In the nineties machines 
wilt be available which, hav- 
ing been tuned to foe voice of 
foe user, will turn every 
spoken word into print 

la the stockbroker’s office 
this facility will have fer 
greater effect titan just replac- 
ing the secretary. One of the 
differences between a good 
institutional salesman and 
one who is only average is foe 
ability to remember past tele- 
phone conversations and to 
know exactly what action the 
diene has been considering. 
The convenience of a verba) 
notepad will be very valuable 

Mucb of the progress in foe 
late eighties is expected to be 
in the internationalization of 
the London stock market, and 
this in itself will put greater 
pressure on the speed of 

The introduction of optical 
fibres into the telephone sys- 
tem with laser optics replacing 
electrical impulses, together 
with foe latest switchgear de- 
signs, must improve foe speed 
and clarity both of verbal 
messages and of transmitted 

The stockbroker’s briefcase 
may well contain not a single 
sheet of paper, but a VDU that 
will be capable of producing 
three dimensional colour, im- 
ages, together with a minia- 
ture computer, a handset to 
use for dictation, commands 
and as a personal telephone, 
the camera eye so that the 
other party is also speaking 
face-to-face, and miniaturized 
TV and video recorder. 

In research the advance in 
technology is expected to 
make a major leap forward. 

The success of a research 
department will depend upon 
new techniques and new con- 
cepts. For one thing, foe visual 
image will be thec-dimension- 
al and foe models that the 
computer will be able to 
construct will be fer more 
sophisticated than can easily 
be imagined today. 

By the end of foe nineties 
foe intelligent computer will 
be much in evidence. 

Computers are already em- 
ployed to make investment 
judgements, based on the facts 
presented to them. But mar- 
kets move now, and are likely 
to do so for many years to 
come, on foe hopes and ferns 
of people. The computer will 
not be a party to such human 
emotions. So programs will 
have to be designed that 
introduce foe human factor. 

I am convinced that by the 
turn of the century the Stock 
Exchange will have consoli- 
dated its position as one of the 
three great securities markets 
in foe world and as the natural 
centre for all international 
investment decisions. 

These extracts are taken from 
Stockbroking Tomorrow. . a 
classic analysis of the big bang, 
recently published by The 
Macmillan Press at £27 JO. 
The author has recently retired 
as senior partner of Fielding 
Newson Smith & Co. the 
stockbrokers, and is a firmer 
deputy chairman of the Stock 
Exchange. His book Stock- 
broking Today, war first pub- 
lished in 1968 and a second 
edition in 1978. 

J. Henry Schroder Wagg 
& Ca Limited 
" 1 20 Cheapside 
Lendon EC2V 8DS . . 

6th May 1065 

Lamont Holdings PLC 
4 Gylamuir fioad 
EH12ZXT . 

Bank of Scotland 
26A feck Place 

Alexanders Laing 
& Cruickshank Ltd 

The Market Maker in 
British Government Securities, 
which will provide a fast 
and professional market 
service to institutions. 


Alexanders Laing 

& Cruickshank Holdings Ltd 


xf- Mary 


Mercantile House Group 





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Edited by Matthew Mav 


iDAYMAY 6 1986 


The Bttrwr of computers and 
ctHwaamcatioas, which h*$ 
brought about the explosion in 
information technology, is on 


forward in the revoIntioiB. 

It already has a popular 
1 name: Digital Express. 

The ides is under scrutiny 

iv by British Telecom a nd el even 
of its counterpart PTTs in 
Europe. Indeed one of the 
Continental PTTs £s tipped 

v strongly as the likely candi- 
date to take the plmge first.- 

; The plan is to create in each 
; country a second but new type 
of public conummicatioos net- 
work. The networks wfll, carry 
voice, computer data and fac- 
s simile channels. ’ ‘ 

Moreover, the idea draws on 
much of the basic philosophy 
behind the public telephone 
u\ network. 

In particular, it enshrines 
' two of the basic principles. 
; ^Ow is the approach that, 
t requires that any teiepbone 
,.i handset- in a home, office or 
factory can call np any other of ; 
s the millions on the 

s An invitation to the 
European companies 

network, although, in this ' 
i_ case, the subscriber is fikely to 
i be using a personal computer 
or some other form of data 

The other aspect is that the 

- teiepbone subscriber has little 
interest in the fact that the 

1 telephone call may go over a 

• a . link consisting of wires over 

one stretch, and radio -c ir c uits 
or maybe optical fibres over 

- another. 

Like sending a letter, pro- 
; tided the package arrives on 
time the comlrinathNi of road, 

• rail or aeroplane by which it 
. got there is immaterial. 

This, same attitude sbo 
applies to the latest hi-tech 

- innovation .by a group of 
international companies .em- 

' bracing satellite technology. 

By Pearce Wright 

■ Science Editor 

communications, computers 
and electronics. 

The mastermind of the en- 
terprise w a$ the research lab- 
oratories of the giant Comsat 
company, a unique firm even 
among the advanced technol- 
ogy industries, in timt - no 
shareholder ban retain more . 
than a five per cent stake 
under United States law. 

* Comsat is putting hvfcMwi 
plans to British Telecom and 
its counterparts, which focfodf 
proposals for each organiza- 
tion to create a public 
DOMSAT (Domestic Satel- 
lite) based network. An invita- 
tion is abo extended to 
European companies to adopt 
the scheme. The development 
adds another formidable name 
to the technology dictionary. It 
is called a Mlcrotenmnal 
( VSAT) Interactive 
Networking System. 

There are some - key ad- 
vances in the existing intricate 
technology rtf space comm uni- ' 
cations which lie. behind the ' 
initiative. For example, this 
applies especially to new de- 
velopments in ways of allowing 
thousands of Subscribers to 
ase shnnltaneoasly a single 
satellite system, with toe 
equivalent convenience ofus- 
ing the normaf telephone dial 
or pash bnttom It is done with 
a refined version of a tech- 
nique that is known as time- 
d ■ vision multiple w access. 
Instead of referring to sub- 
scribers by telephone nam- 
bers, the new system calls the 
code which frfamtifw* an imfi- , 
vidnal as an address. 

The technique is all about' ( 
sharing the capacity of a 
satellite to get-the maximum i 
use . of . its enormous radio | 
capacity. This part of the , 
technology touches on another i 

dimension of the project The 
fact that a proposal lor a j 
public DOMSAT is consid- 
ered at all .underlines the" 
. surplus co mmun ications ca- 
pacity that exists in space. 

There is no problem in 
finding satellites which al- 
ready have beams covering the 
appropriate countries in Eu- 
rope. In addition, the econom- 
ics of this type of network are 

The Times/DEC Schneider Competition 

Win a flight to New York 

in Concorde 

The- developers - have 
stressed how much cheaper it 
-.could bets use conunimfca- 
' tions via. satellites from green 
field sites* like new towns and 
new industrial parks, com- 
pared with the Mgh cost of * 
laying new cable. The argu- 
ment is bolstered by the 
success of : the use of private 
links within international 
companies, u$mg satellites. 
On the other hand, the return 
of investment is copper in the 
ground, which Br itish t elecom 
and the other PTTs have 
accumulated over decades. 

A different sort of public 

Greenfield sites 
make economic sense 

network for voice, FAX ami 
data, which has to be comple- 
mentary with the existing 
public network, -may be dis- 
couraged if it appears to erode 
the traditional source of 

If the idea were implement- 
ed, it would certainly be a 
stimulus for manufacturers in 
almost every sector of the hi- 
tech industries. It could also 
help-in regional development 
for remote and rural areas, 
which are deprived of good 
communication finks because 
of the costs of laying new 
circuits. - 

In the end, the decision rests 
with the' national agencies 
because such a public network 
would be covered by laws on 
teJecommmnca turns. * 

This week is the official 
I launch, in conjunction with 
Digital Equipment (DEO. of a 
new competition linked to die 
DEC Schneider air race. 

" Fust prize 1$ a luxury week- 
end for two in New York with 
a return trip on Concorde. As 
well as the trip to New York, 
there are weekly prizes of a 
Supersonic Champagne 
Flight on Concorde for the 
prizewinner and a partner. 
This flight will take the winner 
.out over the Atlantic where, at 
more than 50,000 feet, Con- 
corde will go supersonic to 
Mach 2: twice the speed of 
sound at 1340 mpfa. 

A light lunch and cham- 
pagne will be served .during 
the flight, with the possibility 
of a trip to the flight deck. 
Finally, the winner will leave 
with a Concorde supersonic 
certificate and souvenir. 

DEC is sponsoring - the 
Schneider Trophy Race for 

the third year in succession, 
over a course around the 
Solent, on Sunday June 22. 

Prince Andrew, President of 
the Royal Aero Cub, the body 
responsible for organizing the 
race, will start the event from 
Bern bridge airfield on the Isle 
of Wight at 11 am. All six 
winners will be invited to the 
weekend event as guests of 
DEC where, at a gala dinner 

on Saturday June 21, the 
winner of the first prize wiJJ be 

The next day they will be 
! part of the VIP party to watch 
the race from a cruise ship 
moored off Ryde Pier, the 
finishing line. At jhis point, 
the competitors, often neck 
and neck, pass by at wave-top 

At the conclusion of the 
race, the guests win be trans- 
ported back to the airfield 
where, after lunch, the 
prizegiving will take place. 

Among the 60-plus compet- 
itors this year will be a 
Spitfire, which was developed 
from the Supermarine S6.B, 
the winner of the 1931 race. 
This plane, which finally won 
the Schneider Trophy outright 
for Britain, will be a nostalgic 
link with the past, because 
1 986 is the 50ih anniversary of 
its first flight. 

3KC !r 

°* ■ 


The 1985 Digital Schneider Trophy race: A Harvard T6 (left) chases a Grumman Tiger 15 feet above the sea off Ryde Pier 

In what year did it come into * — — — — — — ■ 

HOWTO ENTER: Urn* Questions K4AJ. u/hinh 

The call goes out for the 

If the British tnanufirturing 
industry is 10 survive into the 
next century it must cross the 
new frontier of computer inte- 
grated manufacture— CIM for 
short Already many Japanese, 
and a number of American 
companies have crossed this 
threshold and some. British, 
companies, mdnding Lucas, 
British Aerospace, 'Austin 
Rover and KTL, are now trying 
to catch up. 

Piecemeal introduction of 
computerized systems into ac- 
counts, warehousing and de- 
sign on has often resulted in a 
messy series of unexpected 
and incompatible systems. 

CIM aims to unite the 
whole process. It can be h 
highly and expensive under- 
taking. requiring a diverse 
range of skills — production 
engineering, accounting and 
computing. The result is that 
the most advanced manufac- 
turing companies, together 
with management consul- 
tants. are now m search of 
experts m computer integrat- 
ed manufacturing to help 

At 1CL a whole cadre of 
CIM experts are currently, 
being trained with recruitment 
of graduate engineers dou- 
bling this yeariroecifically to 
meet the needs of automation 
— their training is likely to 
contain a much higher than 
average dose of computing to 
,enable them to take on this 

•Traditionally we' employ 
two separate groups,'’ ex- 
. plained ICL’s Petri- Kennedy. 
-Manufacturing engineers, 
who have usually qualified In 
-^production .engineering, and 
'^strinengroeerawlto normal- 1 
jy ' have a computer back- 
ground. Gradually these two 
groups ' will ; be fused together 
as CIM becomes widespread 
throughout our manufactur- 
ing process.” 


By Edward Fennell 

The chief impact of CIM on 
manpower requirements is to 
break down the conventional 
skill divisions. For example, 
ICL particularly like- a new 
degree course in decuonics 
and manufacturing engineer- 
ing at Loughborough Univer- 
sity.' It also favours a select 
group of universities and poly- 

It is busy expanding a 
manufacturing industry group 
and wants to put together a 
i catm of accountants, engi- 
neers, and computer scientists 
to getdeepily involved in CIM 

While their two advertise- 
ments so for have produced a 
large number of applicants 
there is also an extremely high 
rejection rate. “There simply 
weren’t many people who had 

1. The first Schneider air race 
was held in Monaco in 1913. 
Competitors had to cover a 
total of 28 fop&How many 
kilometers was each lap? 

2. Sir Charles Babbage was 
born in 1791. He designed the 
analytical engine to operate as 
the forerunner of the comput- 
er.. He died, before it was 
completed, in what year? 

3. One of the early races was 
declared void. Contestants 
found themselves lost in 
banks of fog. In which year did 
this occur? 

4. The electronic code-break- 
ing machine called Colossus 
first ran ax Bletchley Park 
during the Second World War. 
By helping to crack enemy 
| codes, it gave invaluable help 
to the allies, and boosted 

computing experience in a research on early computers, 
manufacturing environment | — -- — 

and who also possessed the 
communications skills which 
are vital to management 
consultants,” commented 
Malcolm Hodgson, the bead 
ofthegroup, who.trainedasan 
engineer but has worked in a 
computingund accounting en- 
vironment for 20 years. 

5. In 1931 the British Govern- 
ment withdrew.funding for the 
race. Lady Houston, a well- 
known society benefactor gave 
a personal gift of several 
thousand pounds to enable the 
event to be held. How many 
thousand pounds did sbe 

6. How many times does the 
digit 1 appear in the Binary 
code for DEC? (It appears 
seven times in the letters 


For this week’s tie-breaker, 
answer this question in no 
more than 1 5 words: 

• What, in your opinion, 
was the main contribution 
made by the original 
Schneider events to the devel- 
opment of aviation? 

After answering each of the six 
questions, and writing your tie- 
breaking sentence, please follow 
these instructions carefully. 

1. Add together the answers to 
the first three questions. 

2. Do the same with the last 

three questions. 

3. Subtract the sum of answers 
4-6 from the sum of answers 1-3. 

4. This will produce a four digit 
number, which is this week's 
numerical solution. 

5. On Sunday May 1 1, between 
7 am and II pm, call 01 400 

Sir Charles Babbage 

Lady Houston 

8464. which is the Times-DEC 
Schneider hot line. 

6. You will be asked for the 
following information when you 
make your cUlI: 

The numerical solution, the 
tie-breaking sentence, your 
name and a day-time phone 
number. Please have all this 
information to hand to enable 
the entry to be practised 

The winner will be the entrant 
with the greatest number of 
correct answers to the questions 
and whose tie-breaking slogan if 
considered the most 

The competition hot line 
will be operational only dur- 
ing the stated hours. Employ- 
ees of Newslntemational pic 
and DEC and members of 
their immediate families are 
not eligible to enter the com- 
petition. In any dispute the 
editor’s derision is final and 
no correspondence will be 
entered into. 

3S mns- 
e« after 

Watchword challenges the hackers 

By Frank Brown 

The days of hacking 
numbered. Computer fi 

OnT^^nt drive to- ■* » ^oger 

wards the forming of the new ^ a ^ e ac ? ess ® 

CIM alkroSSffts the ere- computer networks via their 

ation cfwious centres and 

institutes at the post-graduate 1156 P asswori ^ s *f a 

arcs ™or rsecuri,ydevice 

courses extend into business pi^Slaii^KSSinn Watchword is a hand-held 

•HmmlctntiAn HumAmimt liaiUlCia JUKI IVingStOU & po^ 

courses extend into business 
administration, management, 
ami computing. 

Of course some people will 
also move into CIM purely 
from the business and soft- 
ware direction. Since the au- 
tumn of last year management 
consultants Peat Marwick 
have had two shots at recruit- 
ing computer professionals 
who have worked in manufac- 
turing control systems. 

S sertce? SSh oiherfn- usm of comput- 

pecied shortly. 

As well as offering a heavy- 
weight MSc in CIM they will 
also run short courses for 

authenticates users of comput- 
er systems whenever they 
want to log on to their 
system’s facilities. Conven- 
tional computer-security sys- 
tems use a challenge-and-reply 

those who need to make the method of authentication 
leap as fast as possible. CIM is which relies on repeatedly 
soon going to be a huge growth used passwords 
area. Such codes con be cracked 

in several ways, as shown in 
the headline news stories 
about hackers. 

Watchword employs a chal- 
lenge-and-repjy technique that 
utilizes a different password 
sequence every time the de- 
vice is used. It is a dynamic 
password generator which op- 
erates in conjunction with a 
software package on the com- 
puter being protected. When 
an authorized user wants to 
access a computer, be or sbe 
uses their terminal to log on in 
the normal way, the computer 
replies with a challenge in the 
form of a unique number. 

The user keys the challenge 
number, together with his own 
personal identification (PIN 
number) into the Watchword 
password generator. The de- 

vice in turn calculates and 
displays a numeric response to 
the challenge which the user 
enter* in his terminal. The 
computer checks the response 
and allows access. 

The inter-action can take 
place over conventional inse- 
cure communication lines. 
Eavesdroppers will gain noth- 
ing because both challenge 
and reply are unique every 

Even if eavesdroppers get 
hold of a Watchword device, 
they cannot use it because 
they do not know the autho- 
rized user’s PIN number. 

The system is claimed to be 
easy to install and provides a 
full audit trail, including lists 
of all transactions with the 
computer, all database 

changes and all error messages 
generated. It costs under £100 
a user. 

Watchword is the first prod- 
uct of RacaJ-Guardata, a new 
subsidiary formed by the secu- 
rity firm Racal-Chubb to pro- 
vide a network security 
service to computer users. 

Figures on the true extent of 
computer fraud in Europe are 
impossible to come by be- 
cause companies that are vic- 
tims of fraud are usually too 
embarrassed to admit it. Pros- 
ecutions are rarely brought, 
and perpetrators who are con- 
victed usually get light 

The formation of Racal- 
Guardaia is an indication that 
computer fraud is on the has been set up as a 

result of an increase in the 
number of inquiries Racal 
Group companies have re- 
ceived about computer securi- 
ty from medium-size and large 

v - 

“Let's look on the positive 
side, G rims haw, it could be a 
form of communication.*' 


You can’t fool around UK design draws into the lead 

version.-: ugnxer, smaurr, swner, 
ke> board. 80286 8m Hz processor, 256k 
expandable to 4.1 mqsabytes. Floppy or 
lOmh hard disk. From £2695. 

Prires now reduced by up to £600 on Compaq Portable, 
Compaq Plus and Compaq Deskpro. Fi^^np^m^ock- 

78 High HotbonTTondon WC1V 6LSL 
Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546. 

with this machine 

By Geof Wheelwright . 

The day of the computer that for whom the loss of even an 

does not make mistakes is 
around the comer, if you 
believe the people who are 
trying to seU forge computers 
to the banking and travel 

Last week saw the an- 
nouncement of new develop- 
ments in “fault-tolerant” 

hour of computer access dur- 
ing a crucial point in the 
business day can be a disaster. 

The only major British en- 
try into this dream of “error- 
free” computing is Herne! 

Last weex saw me an- Hempstead’s Information 
nouncementof new develop Technology Limited (ITL). 
meats in fault-t olera nt which has won a Queen's 
computing aimed at bringing Award, for Technological 
closer a Ti me w hen the phrase, - Achievement for work on its 
computer error is a contradio- Momentum series of FT 
uon in terms. The theory is computes, 
that you assign several “back- . 

up" systems . to any major People at ITL and others in 
computer installation, so that the FT computing business 
as and when failure occurs, a ' expect this to be vher best year 
back-up system takes its place, yw as the City prepares for its 
The' only problem is of Big Bang to bnng modem 
course the cost. Fault-tolerant technology into traditional ar- 
- or FT- computers cost akn . eas of finamdal trading. In 
more than standard models such financial systems, the 
because you need several ability of a computer to stay 

The launch in the last two 
weeks of quirky, but original 
pieces of computer hardware 
from the likes of British 
Telecom and Psion could 
herald the return of innova- 
tion to British computer de- 
sign, writes Geof Wheelwright. 

Most Japanese and US 
companies seem to have large- 
ly given up on innovating in 
their computer hardware, opt- 
ing instead to produce an 
endless stream of IBM PC 
lookalikes. Meanwhile some 

British designers and manu- 
facturers are now looking 
away from the mainstream 
business PC computer market 
and finding ways to make 
money other than by produc- 
ing endless variations on the 
PC theme. 

British Telecom's unique 
QWERTY-phone and Psion's 
new Organiser II pocket com- 
puter both illustrate attempts 
to create markets that did not 
exist before, in the same way 
that Sir Give Sinclair pioneer- 

ed the market for the home 
computer and Alan Sugar’s 
Am si rad laid the groundwork 
for popular home/small busi- 
ness word processors. 

It is no longer enough for 
companies just to produce 
things at knockdown prices — 
there are already for too many i 
compare a the price war. 

Both of the new products, 
however, make some son of 
attempt to integrate with the 

Continued on page 28 

Enicr ton minircmcnis 
in a Mmph: question 
and answer session. 

Out advanced 


then tuiwnuiKally 
creates your BASIC 
far ion. 
Eunt-fo-inr and 

cvircmdy inside. 

Fur IBM- PC and 

For further dcuib 
ring NEIL TOYER on 
UVM - 4U7d(, 

tones as much computer hard- 
ware to do the same job (only 

without errors -this time, of cruriaL 

on-line even when part of it 
needs -repairing, . will be 

course). . ITL is by no means the only 

That kind of extra cost for player in the FT market The 
added reliability is worthwhile leader, by a big -margin, is 
only to large retail establish- Taad«n Computers, one of 
meats, banks, exchange bro- die sponsors of last month’s 
Iters and currency handlers, London marathon race. 

retail establish- Tandem Computers, one of 
exchange bro- die sponsors of last month's 
rency handlers, London marathon race. 

wight Air ... 










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Prices are new too! Morse price on IBM^PC SCSCBB 
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keyboard, manuals etc £1 150. PC-XT lOmb + 

I floppy etc etc now £1850 complete. AT/E 
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full info and prices. 

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78 High Hoibom. London WC1V 615. 
Telephone 01-831 0644. Telex 262546- 


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ii. •\i(.!> * 




Why software clones 
may be here to stay 

By Simon Moores 
The computer industry has 
already seen vast numbers of 
IBM com pater look-alikes, 
but this year might well be 
remembered for the influence 
not only of cheap personal 
computers, bat also of cloned 
software on an already shaky 
personal com pater market. 

Software clones seek to 
exploit the rather shaky pat- 
ent laws which govern compar- 
er programs and by copying 
the principles of a program a 
product can be marketed with 
quite low costs, given that the 
developer of the original piece 
of software has done all the 
work and invested all the 
research and development 
money. This type of plagia- 
rism is not considered an act of 
software piracy because so 
long as two products are not 
identical in appearance or code 
then it becomes very hard to 
defend the principle or con- 
cepts behind the patented 

The most recent industry 
standard for software has been 
unofficially established by Lo- 
tas Development with its inte- 
grated 1-2-3 product Lotus 1- 
2-3 Knot only one of the most 
popular and bestselling pack- 
ages in the world, its retail 
price of £430 and the margin 
the dealer receives from the 
sale influence the costs and 
marketing of those of its 

competitors such as Sopetcak, 
Framework and Smart. 

Are they a threat to both 
manufacturer and dealer? The 
release of a product called The 
Twin from Mosaic software, a 
Lotos 1-2-3 Version 1A 
lookalike, would not be any- 
thing to remark on nnti) one 
looks at its price, of £145, a 
difference of very nearly £300. 

Raving examined The Twin 
in some depth, I found it bettor 
than the older version of Lotus 
In many areas, but for most 
nsers the price difference 
alone should be incentive 
enough, especially as it is a 
folly compatible product, and 
the only visible difference, 
between the two is the 
repositioning of the mean from 
the top to the bottom of the 
screen.Tbe Twin is only the 
first of several Lotas doses 
which will appear this year, 
some below the £100 mark. 

Most companies are cost- 
consdoos, especially where IT 
is concerned, and I should 
have thought that a £300 
saving on software would ap- 
pear more attractive to the 
financial controller than the 
prospect of technical support. 
But the least scrupulous are 
likely to boy one copy of the 
real thing to qualify for sup- 
port while making all their 
other purchases cloned 

Can the keyboard replace the blackboard? 

From Fred Hechinger In New York 

“If only girls were as easy to 
understand as computers," 
said a 14-year-old boy who 
apparently was trying simulta- 
neously to learn how to deal 
with computers and girls. 

The adolescent dilemma is 
quoted in a new American 
book Micro- Myths: Exploring 
the Limits of Learning with 
Computers by Joe Nathan. He 
is not, he says, an anti- 
computer Luddite, brn he tries 
to expose the hustlers and the 
hype and to debunk popular 
myth about what computers 
can and cannot do. 

Mr Nathan, who has been a 
teacher, school administrator 
and consultant on educational 
technology, asks parents and 
teachers to approach euphoric 
forecasts of technological mir- 
acles with scepticism. He 
quotes, with one deliberate 
omission, the top-ranking fed- 
eral-education spokesman: 
“From remote regions and 
from the cosmopolitan areas, - 
from amateurs, from profes- 
sors. from students, from ad- 
vertisers. from reformers and 
those who need reforming. 

questions pour in. The 

has captivated the imagina- 
tion of the entire civilized 
world. It is stimulating a new 
revival of teaming." 

The omitted word was 
"radio," and the speaker was 

William John Cooper, the US 
Commissioner of Education 
in 1932. The point: radio, and 
chines as well as films, were 
initially hailed as the dawn of 
a new day for education but 
turned out to be over-praised 
or wrongly used. 

To avoid a similar foie for 
computers, he urges the use of 
commonsense rather than 
glitzy hype. He also describes 
as absurd teachers’ fears that 
the computer will replace 

One myth Mr Nathan tries 
to debunk is that “computers 
are neutral — they are just 
another tooL" He counters 
this, saying: “A machine as 
powerful as the personal com- 
puter cannot be neutral. It will 
alter our feelings about 
ourselves." It may change the 
way we teach. One potential 
problem, be says, is that 
computers may encourage 
schools to teach the wrong 
way — concentrating on learn- 
ing that is easily measured by 
machines — noting right and 
wrong answers, but ignoring 

He fears that computers 
may retard human develop- 
ment, teaching children to 
draw pictures of trees or 
flowers or sandboxes on the 
screen, but losing a sense of 
feeling, taste or touch, “flay- 
ing an adventure game on a 

Pup Os go on screen: Are there too many myths about co mp uter s in schools? 

computer cannot replace 
climbing, jumping, sliding aqd 
swinging at a playground or in 
a forest," Mr Nauthan warns. 
He deplores the h uman Joss 
when simulation becomes a 

substitute for experience. 

if comm 

One image of computers is 
cited in a survey of 140 
children in a California school 
district. Six ty-one percen t said _ 

that the children who like 
computers tend to be excep- 
tionally bright or asocial — 
“kids who don't like to play 
outside with other kids" or 
“unpopular kids.” , 

Mr Nathan is worried that 
most high schools use com- 
puters to teach, programming. 
Programming courses, he 
says, should be available, like 

other vocational subjects, but 
not requited. Training, he 
warns, should not be provided 
by employees of companies 
that produce, and therefore 
want to sell, their own 

The book also challenges 
the myth that computers are 
effective m teach mgmost 
subjects to most students. The 

trick is to be sophisticated in 

deciding wbat computers can 
teas* btSL For example, he 
. about predictions that com- 
* puters will revolutionize edu- 
cation unless the schools are 
; reorganized. “Unless signifi- 
cant action is taken soon." ire 
says, “computers will foBow 
the pattern set py other tech- 
notogkal advances: they win 
have an enormous impact on 
our society, but Stile impact 
on oar schools." . 

Tn ;19#4. -74 percent ' of 
schools In affluent Anteridan 
areas had at least one comput- 
er, in contrast u> only 48 
percent of tile schools in poor 

- The author cites Houston as 
an example of whar might be 
done. Houston has involved 
parents in improving their 
children’s basic skills, setting 
up summer computer camps 
.ffctiriktiren from poor homes. 
It also oflbs public television 
programs to help parents un- 
derstand : how computers 
_might affect their children's 
Uves, and is developing soft- 
ware to teach. English to non- 
Englisb-speaking youths, 
says,; using older pupils to 
tutor younger ones is cheaper 
and less boring than relying on 
computers for drilL 
i MrNathari confirms the 
findings of other experts that 
word processors turn put bet- 
ter writers, even among the 
weakest students. - 


In computers 

The search for a 

PC connection 

the biggest thing about 

I In searching for a network 
to Gnk up our postural com- 
puters I have been surprised to 
see that there is no use of fibre- 
optics for connections. Why ia 
thisso? . , . 




big names 

The idea of the fibre-optic 
based local area network is 
being pursued. One firm with 
: a product in . this field is 
Ungenuan-Bass though it is 
pointed out that fibre-based 
links are more expensive and 
it confidently expects most of 
its , products to use conven- 
tional cable for some time to 

this week looks at fibre 
optics, the problems of 
maintenance and war- 
ranty and recording data. 
If yon have a question 
abort business and per- 
sonal comparing, write ;to 
Workshop, . Computer 
Horizons, The Times, Vir- 
ginia Street, Wapping, 
London El 

The fibre-optic systems jus- . . 

tHy their extra cost in specific seem to be as cheap as one 
benefit This is becoming lhe 1 : m !$ te *P ecL . , . • . 

case in several installa tions in The neat tnek the method 

manufacturing plants; because 
many machines used for man- 
ufacture generate a lot of 
unwanted electrical noise. ■ . • 

is usually the price 

The dosing down of the local 
IBM dealer has created a 
maintenance problem for me. 
Staff at IBM insist that we 
must go to places which are for 
away for fault-fixing. For ad- 
vice and hdormation we have 
do reliable local source to ten 
to. Can you help as tins'seems 
to be a common problem? 

achieves is to expkritthe timer 
control available on .many 
domestic video recorders so 
that back-up fa done , after 
office work has normally 
ceased. $jthaui the need for 
operator' intervention. Most 
personal computerusers seem 
to opt for cheap data tapf 
units especially aimed at this 
activity./ '* 

Tandon is the exception 

landau suggest you decide simply on performance. And price. 

You can get help, but it may 
cost more, than you are pre- 
pared to pay. Independent, 
service firms exist for fault 
fixing. A couple of examples 
of such , firms are Granada 
Business Centres and Personal 
Computers Ltd. There are 
other sources of hardware 
maintenance and it is often 
worth finding out -if a local 
business already has proven 
experience with a particular 
example of ' maintenance' 
skills. . 

Some of the personal compos 
era which imitate the IBMEC 
seem to be abort half-price, 
when compared to tfaeorighiaL 
Smoe there is no such thing as 
a free loach — what is toe 

For software advice you can 
also take out subscriptions to 
services. These generally work 
via the. telephone with your 
.use of the service being de- 
ducted from the initial value 
of your support fee. - . 

Both hardware and software 
support services are adver- 
tised in the press, especially 
magazines circuiting to mi- 
crocomputer users. The Na- 
tional Computing Centre is 
also a useful information 
source. Regrettably, it must be 
said that only money talks 
loud enough to find a listener. 
Now that Amstrad is market- 
ing the Sinclair home micros I 
am ancertein as to whether the 
warranty on my machine will 
be honoured by anybody,- If I 
run into trouble what should 1 

When buying a done of the 
IBM PC it is important to look 
at the local supplier of such a 
machine. Thereare long estab- 
lished sources of dones, such 
as Ferranti. These machines 
have been bought in luge 
numbers by major corporate 
buyers after stringent, tests. 
However, they are not the 
very cheapest units on oflfen , 

The cheapest IBM-like 
products tend to be made in 
Far East plants. The quality 
checks that they go through 
are sometimes . inadequate. 
However, just to confuse, 
some products seem to be of 
higher quality than those 
made in Europe. 

In ’ a competitive- world we 
should expect to do bettor 
than paying at the list price 
declared by IBM. Although 
Far Eastern makers have n$t 
yet weeded out from their 
ranks some poor factories, it 'is 
true that the best from the Far 
East is simply the best in the 
world — at any price. 

■ *r‘ 

! \ V 


- rT ' 
!*' • 

* & “ 

K - 

- j f— 



i- - - 

'■ =TV 

%)n\ - 
after \\] 

vM'rv.. . 

We make specialist vehicles fa 
rather small numbera. fa the 
time right to examine ways of 
putting advanced electronics 
into our products? 


Intel 8088 processor, 
two floppy disk drives 
each with 360 KByte, 
256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 
high resolution 

14" monitor. 



Intel 8088 processor, 
floppy disk drive 
with 360 KByte, 

256 KByte main storage 
memory, expandable 
to 640 KByte, 10 MByte 
fixed disk drive, high 
resolution 14" monitor. 
THE Pa COSTS £1395+ VAT. 


Intel 80286 processor, 
floppy disk drive with 
12 . MByte, 20 MByte 
fixed disk drive, main 
storage memory with 
512 KByte, expandable 
to 16 MByte, high 
resolution 14" monitor. 
THE PCA COSTS £2,795 + VAT. 

According to Amstrad it will ’ 
act as a supporter of warranty 
claims. The usual rules wiU 
apply, however.-so if you have 
only j'ust bought your machine 
and find it badly deficient. 

. jadly 

then it is probably best to 
claim that it fa of “unmer- 

This year may be a little early, 
but by the time we see 1990on 
the calendar it will probably 
be too late. 

The American experience is 
not directly transferable to 
your circumstances, but it is 


charitable quality" immedi- 

If. however, you have had- 
good use out of it and a fault 
develops during tbe guarantee 
period then you will have to 
rely on . Amstrad implement- 
ing its promises. If you have 
interfered with the machine, 1 
or misused it, it is - somewhat 
unlikely .that your warranty; 
claim will be met with a warm 
response. . 

In. thinking' abort the prori-’ 
Stan of a back-up product for 
foe valuable ‘data on the 

indicative of the way things 
..... got rite 

are going. At tbe moment — . 
electronic content of a US dir 
is costed at about £400 iff 
many cases. Hus figure is A? 
to double by the end ofthfa 
decade. - 

"hard" disc- - used in . mi 

- — — . .-ay 

personal /business computer I 

In case you didn’t know, Tandon is the world’s largest manufacturer of disk drives. 
We got there, by simply doing everything in our power to make these highly sensitive 

Please send me details of Tandon microcomputers. 
Name: ■ 

and costly parts not only better but less expensively. 

Now we’re doing the same for 'whole microcomputers. Computer CUK) Led. 

Company/ Ad dress: 

-Tel: _ 

_ . - . DEPETS 

Tandon Computer (UK) Ltd., Unit 19. Hast En f. Dunlop Rwd, Reddlttk 
Worcestershire, B97 5XP. Telephone 0527/46800. Fax: 0527/43203 - 

have wondered whether I 
could dump the. data on to the 
tapes used in my video record- 
er. Con this be done? 

There are systems for record- 
ing data on. ’to -videocassette 
mechanisms. . The L. idea was 
pioneered by Alpha 
Microsystems in the, US. It- 
' was priced to sut its multiple 
user systems and does not' 

Though current car etec-r. 
ironies systems are mainly, 
aimed at luxury buyers, the 
next step is aimed at perfor- 
mance variations. These steps 
wQl make suspension charac- 
teristics more variable as well 
as adding useful variations to' 
the way that power/ steering 
behaves. / Y- 

The Japanese have already 
arid cars where excessive read 
roughness ^automatically sig- 
nalled effect a siritat& 
change in tbe. suspension- 
These electronic gadgets ato- 
produring a stream of compete 
ing designs- that exploit hy-* 
drauJie and mechanical 
actuators though .in many? 
.ways the chip is a . rather 




device 7 to. use to 

such a ta-wal environmental 

Jv. -r- 

J 3 !* '• • ■ 


Jt- ^ 

■h*— " 


~ ^ug^»rn* * 

Fun with the little green words 


, v By Bill Ague w 

Yesterday a friend explained 

wa?of ™ wtwd P^cessor 
- JSl “ S? “nportance to the 
J“*£ or - A pencil,*’ he said, “a 

; makes no ^ 

with a quill 

• pen. Would the tragedies be 
greater if written on your word 

y processor? .Can sonnets be 
«■ a television 

• ' cu?? 1 faowever it might be for 
■' Shakespeare, the common or 
; garden scribe finds the word 

• JKK.kj 161 a version of 

but 3 completely 
.•different medium. Water coi- 
; f^oUs, radio to television, 

■" Such changes are minor com- 

' wtil leap to the new 

’ 11 '? a change that can go 
^unnoticed by the audience 
’ be 5? us ? toe Product is appar- 

• €0tl y toe .same. The printed 
■ 2£ rd 'sadl the printed word. 

• The medium that has changed 
is not for the receiver, but the 

Between the quill and type- 
- wnter there is not that much 
ai nerence made to the travail 
of wnting. With them, you , 
wnte, you perspire, you strug- 
gle, you scrap or you use You 

cross out or you tear up. You ! 

may even cut out a piece and 

r ^ag3 0000000^1 

^«sie and to destroy your 
etfons. However much it may 
be needed, it is still an awfid 
mtsmess to cross out your 
hand-thought words, to crum- 
P* e the laboured page; to 
condemn to the bin the article 
or chapter. 

The mighty change is not in 
the special aids built into the 
machine for the office user. To 
save stock phrases and pro- 
duce standard documents may 
be essential for the business 

mail. “Pprcnmlinuix i — - 

„ - uui a uinc auu _ » n — .. — - VUUIUJ 

paste n into another place. But . Personalised” letters 

however you pul your suit the salesman, 
thoughts on paper or parch- AS type . 00 to a temporary 

thought. The rewording on the 
screen is no more traumatic 
than pausing for a word. 

The ready-made security- 
blanket encourages experi- 
ment and creativity, ft 
removes the traditional pun- 
ishment for bold writing. It 
allows the excitement of writ- 
mg to cany you forward 
apace, knowing that the even- 
tual editing will be painless 
and entertaining - for it- is 
childish ran io main* ajj ^ 
little green letters march 
around and off the page. 

ment, when you do, you have 
‘. recorded them. 

; . To revise and edit means to 

,V> •’ ■* 

00 V 5 a temporary To rub out a paragraph on 

cratiwS^iT 0161,3 “ 311 act ofcrolty; to 

S^S^J^I’S herclow, ? c ddete 3 section from the 
is no longer a firm commit- screen' is to chan® one’s 

ment, but merely a shading of mind. S S 

*• ■ s - - ^ 

> ror? 



This must be the 
last word, man 

. When you “erase" a piece, it 
hides in umbo to be recovered 
if need be. And it really is 
more comfortable to recall 
some text from an electronic 
limbo than to grovel through 
the waste-bin to recover 
. scrunched up paper. 

The machine has a magic 
and this new writing is a 
pleasure. It may not create 
genius but it helps the com- 
mon scribe to enjoy the toil 
and that is a grace which is not 
often given by new technol- 
ogy. To write a letter for 
pleasure is a mark of the 
literate — the word processor, 
despite its awful name, may 
restore the literacy attacked by 
telephone and television. 

By Maggie McLening 
Everyone can be an expert, 
with a hale help from their 
computer and some boughl-in 
artificial intelligence, or so 
rons the theory. After more 
Iran 20 years in the research 
laboratories, software that can 
jeam by experience and take 
infonned decisions is finally 
finding practical application s' 

Bui can an expert system 
ever make a user into an 
expert, or is a little knowledge 
base a dangerous thing? 

Dr Michael Turner, techni- 
cal head of the Intelligent 
Systems Centre at PA Com- 
puters and Telecommunica- 
tions, said: “It is a myth that 
expert systems can replace 
experts, although this may 
happen in the long term. What 
we now have are systems 
which can enforce decision 
making, eliminating lower 
level tasks and taking infinite- 
ly more information into 

“Surveys have shown that 
the most factors people can 
consider simultaneously are 
five or six." 

Whatever their limitations, 
expert systems appear to be 
gaining widespread accep- 
tance. A survey of 300 infor- 
mation technology users, 
conducted by PActel in Octo- 
ber 1985 showed that 75 per 
cent of companies thought 
expert systems had the poten- < 
tial to help their S 

The human factor 
systems cannot 
ever replace 

tions such as Frost & Sullivan 
predict a market worth more 
than £3 billion by 1990; the 
involvement of almost all the 

h;„ Jr. Z wuii I uv a IMS io compete 

fiC,K he C0n l puler successfully against US or 
industry is further confirma- French rivals." 

One organization practising . "P 10 idea « that instead of 
what it preaches is the US baring a co-pilot. there will be 
computer manufacturer. Sper- 3 computer program interpret- 
ry. whose Knowledge System ,n S the outside scenario, such 
Centre in Bloomington, Min- ?® radar references and read- 
nesota, has 200 staff develop- ’"S 5 fr° m °toer sensors, and in 
ing expert system real-time collating bits of in- 
applications. formation from the ground or 

m fn “ye toe pilot's life the ma- 

factor 2i£ ewi " stably do it," he 

, ICTs own use of Savoir is 

PQ T1 Hi ,ess dramalic but equally im- 
VtillliV/ 1 portant to its users in fenning 
- and horticulture. Called 

r>Ia PO Wheal CouDseU <>»\ toe pack- 

L/lClvv 886 dispenses advice on con- 

trolling disease in winter 

nized some time ago that we fun P" 

will need to emhK ai il? P de treatments based on its 

future military aircraft, or we SUCb *5 

won’t be able to compete E*. SShMrrmJlSSS and 

HhSLT** us or 

etten nvats. chemical -analysis system 

The idea is that instead of based on the Expertech Xi 
iving a co-pilou there will be shell from Expertech in 

Similarly. ICI has gone 
wholeheartedly into expert 
systems, joining forces with AI 
specialist ISIS Systems to 
create and market a “shell" 
Ian empty expen structure) 
package called Savoir. More 
than 270 copies of Savoir have 
been sold since the launch of 
the jointly owned ISI Ltd in 
September 1985, and well 
oyer 2.000 of the package's 
micro brother. Micro Expert, 
are out in the field. 

British Aerospace was an 
early customer and its use of 
Savoir demonstrates a critical 

. ’V*I uyuwiOMBtta a LllUITfl 

organizations^ bout 54 per application of AI. Barry Hunt, 
cent said they are already in head of BAe’s design establish 
. at Warton. near Preson in 

Market-research organiza- Lancashire, said: “We recog- 

By Martin Banks 

Just when ft looks as though 
the computer indnstry is get- 
ting settled enough for the 
average user to catch op with 
the jargon that is in common 
usage, an entirely new set of 
words has started to appear. 

. For example, what is a 
.Man? Yes, we know 
aboatgender differences, hot 
-that isn't what it is in this 
particular case. Tty “metro- 
politan area network" and 
yon’lf get the idea. 

/ This particular type of Man 
is the latest thiig is computer 
communications in the US. Its 
object is quite sinqile, being 
poshed hard by compares 
such as AT & T and Bar- 
roegiss as the nhftnater net- 
work, a high-speed, data- 
transmission system that will 
allow much larger networks 
than currently possible. These 
would allow bug^fe, metropol- 
itan-sized, areas to fife covered: 

, The new system also in- 
volves the use of such tongue- 
twisters as isochronous and' , 
non isochronous. These are im- 
portant, because they define 
■the way in which different , 
parts of the network communi- 
ote with each other when • 
jinked together. Isochronous < 
in this context means data that « 
is transmitted at equally j 
spaced time intervals, while j 
non isochronous means, by def- j 
mi tion, systems that transmit i 
data as and when they feel the 
urge- l 

The key to the system comes g 
in the form of commuricatibns r 
bridges between the various 1 
local ring networks that nwh» s 
op a complete metropolitan- s 
wide scheme. These bridges tl 
would be based, as would the h 
ring networks themselves, on I 
the existing fibre optic trans- ti 

Agony and ecstasy 
after the learning 

By Richard Sanson do things which are new to 
There is a common illusion me. This is, f suppose, because 
among first-time users of per- the sense of adventure stimu- 
sonal computers that when lates the brain. I have learnt to 
tfiey have climbed painfully draw multi-coloured graphs of 
up the learning curve on their the progress of my invest- 
first machine, they will move menis, particularly satisfying 
to their next one with as little in today's bull market, 
trouble us moving to a new IcaDllpa bieaSy ^xbase 

‘ and have learnt how to browse 

They are wrong, as I have around in it -at off-peak hours 
just learned. After two weeks - for interesting marketing 
of stumbling around the statistics about the computer 
quirks of my new machi ne, an industry. I even conjured up a 
ICL One Per Desk, 1 am in the screenioad of recognizable 

throes of as much agony and 
ecstasy as 1 was first time 
round! I have already lost two 
letters and my VAT return, by 
injudiciously pressing keys. 

jony and French " - even though the 
rst time acute accents appeared as a 
lost two capital B - by dialling Tdeiel, 
eturn. by France's version of PresteL 

whichwemin ‘SFS'ST- 

i.e. different - places on the °P5, toe new '^"Jpulnrs 


Strange things happen on 
screen, because I assume 

virtues. The old machine did 
one job at a time. The new one j 
can hold the spreadsheet. 

that the iTgiT ofThe 

spreadsheet and word proces- t 

sor is the same as before. But 

uf.cou ^ I, is diffgenL^Soft- - ' ggg ^ “3 

ware is written bv humans, 
and the user has to think his 

databases rato another part of I 

™ ■, .v- IZTf the store. I can flash fhjm task 

way into their patterns of m fae . 

onilma fnr 


Then he has to get slick. It is 

to task without waiting for 
disks to disgorge their data. 

That is the theory. The 

one Dnue to fumble through 

^ 5S Weeping™ « ito it 

hnM iTto'aS . has ruB out of memory, and I 
another to how the ^ ^ have to push the less-used jobs 

out onto backing store any- 
.rattle them .ou t ^ e 5 r_ wav. To move from ‘single- 

memory than youthink. - | 

months of Beethoven on a 
piano. Until I have practised 
for another month at least, I 
will continue to lose my files 
aiid my temper. The second 

It also intrudes into family 
life. The diary bleeps to warn 
us of engagements and things 
to do. The computer eerily 
springs to life at midnight, to 

time round is perhaps harder dump its memory, scaring our 
than the fireL because I have guesisand whenever we make 

to- unlearn my old habits. 

' 1 make fewer stupid mis- 
takes on making the computer 

a telephone call, it shows the 
cost mounting inexorably on 
the screen. 

; having a co-pilot, there will be 
. a computer program interpret- 
ing the outside scenario, such 
as radar references and read- 
ings from other sensors, and in 
real-time collating bits of in- 
formation from the ground or 
from other aircraft. 

"There is so much coming 
in. the pilot has no chance of 
keeping mack. Even if you 
have more people aboard, 
they cannot process the data 
fast enough to make the right 

Some of Britain’s leading 
test pilots are involved in 
development, but there is 
much debate over how far 
computerized aids can afford 
to be autonomous. Mr Hum 
believes there will be instances 
where the computer has to 
take charge. 

He said:“ln war there may 
be no time for the pilot to read 
information from a screen, so 
if urgent action is required to 

alien i rum txpenecn m 
Slough. Scientists at Bp’s 
Sunbury research centre are 
working on an expert system 
that analyses levels of mois- 
ture in glycol dehydration 
plants on oil rigs to ensure that 
equipment is working proper- 
ly and drying gas streams to 
the correct levels. 

^ Dr Turner of PActel said: 
"The snag with any expert 
system may not lie so much in 
the accuracy of what it knows, 
but in what it does not know. 

“Expert systems rely on 
having been told all the things 
they need to know about but 
they lack com monsense — the 
practical bits of knowledge 
any human from the age of 
four upwards assumes. You 
need a core of com monsense, 
surrounded by more specific 

Meanwhile experts need 
have no fear of redundancy 
while they still hold the all- 
important human intelligence 
advantage factor. 


cdraL JJ* 

mission technology and fines 
h torn have been installed by the 
I- many regional telephone eom- 
e paries in the USA. Similar 
h transmission systems are be- 
n tog installed in the UK by 
f Bntish Telecom. 

The whole idea is based on a 
t “ew standard being put for- 
r ™i by the US Institute of 
t Electrical and Electronic En- 
t gtoeers. This defines fibre 
. optic-based ring networks and 
I then- connection. Each linking 
Bridge has two isochronous 
address templates, one for 
communications in each 

This little piece of jargon 
defines the system by which 
one user on one network is 
con n e cte d to another oser or 
server system mi a dlffprewt 

Using snch systems, large 
corporate users should be abie 
to set up large private or semi- 
private networks tint link 
together focal rfag networks to 
individual buildings. Ike in- 
compatibilities that often exist 
between current networks wifi 
no longer he a problem at an 
Operational kyeL‘ 

Burroughs has already 
started to produce, ample 
chips that will make the Man 
system a working reality. 
Some US observers are sug- 
gesting that operational ver- 
sions corid be available by 
next year or 1988. 

As the new standard Is 
based on a ring format, and 
given the surge of Interest in 
ring networks following the 
launch of IBM's token ring 
scheme, there are even some 
supporters of the Man idea 
that go so far as to suggest that 
it is a better alternative than 
IBM. Tune, as they say, will 







jut- Mary 

2 ,8esl - 

pm after 




Wfe wanted to produce a simpler, more powerful and 
versatile Personal Computer. 

We were determined it should cost much less than its 
nearest rivals — yet offer considerably more. 

We have succeeded. 

The Atari 1040STF is a superb 1 Megabyte Personal 
Computer costing just £799* 

Now, businessmen, academics and enthusiasts can 
benefit from high quality, realistically priced, modem 
computing — supported by a long list of excellent software 
for all applications 

Thafs progress — for you. 

*£799 exc I. VAT with monochrome monitor, 

£999 excl. VAT with colour monitor. 










Power Without the Price " 


« *■ w . ■ ' ~ " T '- : 7 -*=; 

■ . ■ ■ • 7 - 7 --! — -,- r 


Spaghetti on my screen 

By Alan Hollingsworth had then, as i 

Remember the song that Peter n 

Sellers and Sophia Lauren 3 

. used to sing in which he ^ 
complained that she offered 7° 
him nothing but spaghetti? If , n 

you have an Italian word 2®. “ SI 

had then, as it happens, only 
two Italian phrases iu my 
vocabulary, neither of which 
was of any help. 

To make things worse, it 

processor as I have, watch out, 
you could find yourself with a 
surfeit of pasta too. 

It all began when I discov- 
ered that for a mere £200 .say 
Haifa million lira. I was able to 
buy an American spreadsheet 
program that would convert 
my word processor to a com- 
- puter and keep all my ac- 
counts for me — and, like most 
book writers, I hate book- 

It came with two discs and 
an instruction manual as big 
as a Vatican bible and besides 
the money, it was clearly going 
to need a fairly heavy invest- 
ment in time. As my supplier 
explained after a brief initial 
training period learning to 
use a spreadsheet is largely a 
matter of self-instruction. He 
told me: “Work through the 
exercises in the manual and 
give us a ring if you hit any 

I hit one within five min- 
utes of turning on. It had 
barely swallowed the new 
program disc when it threw 
the first platter of spaghetti. U 
disco di program ma devc 
essere nei drive A: Ricoricare a 
premiere CR. it screamed I 

rescue and furnished me with 
discs that would be accepted 
Though they look exactly the 
same, they are additional to 
my stock of word processor 
discs and they have cost me 
another 15.000 lira or so each. 

By now my investment in 
time and money was steadily 
mourning and there was no 
going back. Happily mathe- 
matics is an international 
language I happen to under- 
stand and in that respect the 
program itself worked well 
and was obviously going to be 
useful. So I pressed on with 
the exercises. 

The early lessons presented 
few problems but when we got 
to the real stuff on how to use 
a spreadsheet my troubles 
started all over again. “Load 
program” said the manuaL 
File lntrovcure said the com- 
puter and for a brief moment I 
would swear that two small 
brown hands, palm upwards 
showed up on Lhe screen and 
the VDU shrugged its shoul- 

A switch to the file directory 
brought up several strange 
words: Punpar, Assegni. 
Esempio. Esempio looked the 





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best bet and I duly loaded it 
only to be faced with another 
screenful of spaghetti in the 
sample spreadsheet Mean- 
while the tantrums continued 
in the best Neapolitan: 
Imervallo! it yelled on one 
occasion and it was not that it 
wanted a rest as I first thought 

— there simply was not enough 
space. And so it went on over 
the next few lessons. 

My Italian vocabulary 
steadily improved especially 
after I had expended another 
10,000 lira on a dictionary. 
Even more exasperating was 
the fact that not all the 
instructions were in Italian. 

What was the point of 
having any Italian at all? Did 
the programmers want us to 
learn Italian? Was this, I 
wondered, the aim of the 
exercise - a non Anglo-Saxon 
manufacturer's protest at the 
universal use of English? 

All this, of course, may be 
my inherent chauvinism. 
What really made me molto 
infeiice was that having trans- 
lated the materia] in the 
exercises, it took an hour or so 
to overwrite it into each 
program disc in English. 

While I was struggling with 
the phrase book I could not get 
rid of the vision of some 
overweight computer pro- 
grammer, presumably Italian, 
too lazy to finish his work 
before rushing out to his lunch 

— and all at my expense. 

The new 
is unveiled 

■ Apple has announced a 
new entry-level Macintosh 
51 2k/8 ;d to be soW m the . 
UK at £2,179 inducting VAT. 
The 512K/80D features an 
Internal disc drive with 800k of 
storage, 512k of RAM and 
128k of ROM. The keyboard 
has a built-in numeric 
keypad and cursor-control 

Keith PhBBps, Apple UK’s 
marketing director, said: "The 
machine fe the continuing 
answer to market demands~a 
baseline Macintosh with the 
same architecture as the 

Macintosh Plus, which wiH 

be the springboard for an 
major Macintosh 
enhancements kr the future." 

Owners of Mac 512k 
computers can upgrade to the 
512K/800 by buying the 
Macintosh Plus disc-drive kit tt 
requires dealer install a tion, 
but includes a double-sided 
800k internal disc drive, the 
new ROM chips, the Macintosh 
Plus system toots disc and 
a guide to raw features. 
Macintosh says a limited 
number of kits is now 
available,- a fuH supply 
becoming available soon. 

■ Adrian Pike, a solicitor 

and consultant who specializes 
in computer systems and 
training for the legal 
profession, has been 
appointed chairman of the 
Association of Professional 
Computer Consultants. He 
succeeds Wtfcam Jacot - 
wtio writes in these pages — 
and who helped build the 
50-strong association, which 
was founded in 1 982 by a 
smaO group of computer 


By Pearce Wright 

‘ '***xi£ ^ 

V/ ; V 


Data, deadline last-minute ntsh to comply with the IHrte Protection Act before the May 11 
deadline for registration is resulting in sacks of details being seat to the Data Protection 
Registrar. Above, Julie Henry, Carole Bowyer and Julie Johnston sort same of the bags, 
knowing that their work load wiD -probably increase-in the next few daiys. Registration is 
essential for those whose files come within the scope of the Act, bat don't think that it's just a 
matter of registering; yoHr details must be accomiranied by a £22 fee 

The health is the 1 990s of lhe 
-fai-tech companies in Britain, 
which form lhe information 
■technology, industry, wtS de- 
pend .oat the results of the 
current r an ge of research do- 
veJopments covered by the 
Alvey programme. 

The venture, > which in- 
cludes £200. minion from the 
Government, spread over five 
years, has readied the halfway 

supplied by chartered 
accountants, lawyers, 
financiers and journalists to 
business users of PresteL 
News of insolvencies, 

The object was to help 
companies find independent 
professional advice on 

will be added to Newsdesk, 
regularly, says Infocheck. 

■ It was only a few 

improve standards of 
professional practice and 
represent the interests of 
independent consultants in the 

Infocheck, tha company 
behind the On Line Database 
of UK limited companies 
and the first provider of limited 
company credit reports via 
Prestei, is launching a credit 
and business "newsdesk" 
on PresteL The service will be 

Became driven by batteries 
replacing clockwork models, 
but, akady succeeded by 
microchip devices, they nave 
become collectors’ items. 
Which set Professor Heinz. 
Wolff, director of the 
Institute for Bioengineering, at 
Brunei University, a- 
thinking. The results of his 
meditations on the rise of 
the mighty microchip and its 
increasing effects on the 
nuclear-age famBy can be . 
heard at the Royal Society, 


London, on June 24 when he 
delivers a lecture cafled The 
IntetHgent Teddy Bear. 

How long before children 
amend tne nursery song title to 
"The Teddy Bears 
Microchip picnic?” 

■ Literate, numerate and 
now oomputerate: that's what 
children emerging from our 
schools wffl be before long. 
London primary 
schootehfldren, for example, 
wiH soot be using networks 
of powerful micros as teaming 

£16,000-£20,000 plus car 

additional benefits include portable 
pension, health insurance, bonus scheme 
and future share option. - - 

Model Systems is one of the UK leaders in DP system development 
methods. For two of our consultants were the original 

architects of SSADM, the Government standard method that is now 
gaming wider acceptance in Local Government and commercial 
organisations. We are currently working with several major, users of 
SSADM to create significant extensions to the method, and we are- 
budding an analysts workbench to support SSADM. We need expert: 
enced consultants for these kinds of development and for direct 
support of our clients’ projects. 

If you have experience of more than one o£ 

★ Structured system development methods 
it data modelling and database design 

it data flow diagrams or entity Kfe histories 

★ planning and control of DP projects 

★ automated aids for system development 

★ software configuration management 

★ lecturing and course development 

and would like to work with os, write to John HaD at 
Model Systems Ltd, Market Towers, 1 Nine Ehns Lane, 

New Covent Garden, London SW8 SNX 

Model Systems is a small, rapidly -expanding company and the 
opportunities for growth and career development are almost u al i m- ' 
iced. Most of our current work is in the London area although there 
are opportunities for travel 






£18k BASE c £40fe GTE 

Mail Software packages. The successful applicants should be In possession of a track record 
of high achievement gained selling related products Into the IBM mlnl/mainframe market 
place. These positions represent the first stage of a planned business expansion and will 
present definite opportunities of career advancement for the ambitious. In addition to the 
very achievable on target eamlngs on offer, other generous benefits Include norveon tributary 
pension, private health care, health Insurance and a substantial guarantee. 

REFTB 13255 




One of the leading and most successful data communications companies In the.CUC is 
urgently recruiting for a new key position. The position of Major Accounts Manager requires 
the combined skills of large account development and team management. The successful 
applicant should be a top sates professional with several years major account development 
experience at a senior level within the data comma Industry. The brief will be tomaxlmise 
profitability of a select list of Major Accounts through your own sales expertise as we 1 1 as 
through the motivation of your own sales team- The seniority of this role Is reflected In the 
excellent eamlngs package. Other benefits indude definite career advancement In this 
growing company, quality company car. pension and BLIPA. REFTL 13562 



£14k BASIC £30k OTE 

This dynamic micro computer sales organisation Is recognised as one of the leading 
independent business systems groups in the CLK. Following their explosive but planned 
growth, giving an Impressive turnover in excess of £] 5 million, they are seeking successful 
Sales Executives to complement their existing highly profitable teams. The key criteria are- 
self-motivation. and o proven track record in business micro sales such as IBM and Compaq. 
Their impressive portfolio of dlents indudes numerous public companies. This is a suaerb 




The Financial Systems Division of a major and long established computer group Is recruiting 
a Sales Professional to sell at senior levels within the City. The company has enjoyed 
considerable success through the sales of their Banking and Investment Softwa repackages. 
Existing users among the extensive dlent base include leading Merchant Banks and 
Insurance companies. The successful applicant should possess a back record showing high 
achievement gained selling financial systems or consultancy in the City, combined with 8 
highly professional approach and the ability to generate new business. This represents an' 
outstanding opportunity to join a respected and specialised organisation with further career 
advancement a strong possibility. In addition to the very achievable on target eamlngs on 
offer there is also a non -contributory pension, private health care, company car and a 
guarantee. REFTB 13269- 

self-motivation. and a proven track record in business micro sales such as IBM and Compaq. 
Their Impressive portfolio of dlents indudes numerous public companies. This is a superb 
opportunity to Join an established, rapidly growing company who have gained nationwide 
credibility in the total solutions sales arena. Excellent company benefits Include backup 

from top technical support divisions, high earnings incentives and a choice of superior 
company car. REFTL 13563 

r and a . 




To maintain their leading edge in the development of large sophisticated Global Banking 
Systems, the information Systems Division of this international Merchant Bank wish to 

are the three main areas currently being developed. The Project Leaders appointed should 
be self motivated Individuals who not only lead by example but have a proven ability to 
communicate and work under pressure to tight timescales. Developments are centred on 
IBM equipment, however, the company place more (mportanoe on business awareness than 
a particular hardware experience. The salary and benefits on offer reflect the Importance 
of these roles. REFTR 13070 



Our client is an international company who are currently providing banking systems on a 
worldwide baste. At present they requires Systems Analyst or Consultant to complement 
the, section which is responsible for the portfolio investment management systems. 
Candidates should have considerable knowledge of Investment banking systems and a 
proven track record of analysis and design. Suitable applicants should have good academic 
qualifications, the determination to excel In a demanding environment and possess 
communicative skills expected of high calibre professionals. Tne company will review salary 
after four months service and in addition will reward employees who are prepared to work 
abroad on a temporary basis, in addition to a very competitive salary, the benefits package 
Includes a company car of your choice, BtIPA and a pension scheme. REF TM 13552 



The rush is on foryoung Graduate Analysts and Programmers, to develop systems ready 
for the Big Bang, ’mis is never more apparent than at this City based firm of Management 
Consultants, who a re specialising in tne development of Dealer Room. Foreign Exchange 
and Investment Management systems. Ideally aged mid 20's to late 30’s and possessing a 
good degree, candidates should have gained several years experience In Data Processing 



A number of international consultancies and sys 
Consultants with a communications background. Tb 
of areas inlcudlng finance, industry and science, on 

N TO £30,000 

+ CAR 

ms houses are currently recruiting 
will be advising clients from a variety 
indwarefcoftware selection, planning 

and Investment Management systems. Ideally aged mid 20's to late 30’s and possessing a and Implementation. Candidates presently performing a technical, support or marketing 

good degree, candidates should have gained several years experience In Data Processing role are Invited to apply particularly those who have worked for a large user or maior 

and preferably a broad knowledge of a variety of appl katlon& Banking experience although computer or communications supplier. Degree level education, business acumen and aood 

preferable, ts not essential, as fuff training will be given in this and any new nardwan^roftware. inter-personal skills are essemlaL 

Salaries are excellent dependent on experience In addition to comprehensive benefits. ref TT 13404 

i comprehensive benefits. 

REFTP 12996 


We have many other National and International vacancies, phase contact one of oar Cons cl touts for details. 


24hrs (10 lines) ^ 01-439 8302 
S' 01-437 5994 


The Inner London - • - • 
Education Authority has 
bought networks of 1 6-bft 
RM Nimbus micros from an 
Oxford manufacturer. 

Research Machines, for the 
capital’s 800 primary 
schools, at a cost of £79X000. 

Derek Esterson, Ilea's 
computer adviser, said: 
’’Primary school syfiabuses 
are changing considerably to 
establish a framework ' . 
which uses computers . 
increasingly tor written -7.-. 
work and solving problems. 
Graphics and cdour, for 
example, make teaming to 
read more fun foryoung 

■ Zenith PCs in the UK and 
Europe, the irttemationai HQ of 
Zenith Data Systems, is 

i being moved next monte from . 
Michigan in tee US to High- ■ • 
Joe Solan, vice president, . 
international and general 
manager,, Europe, wfB be 
baseathere. .' 

■ ICL has won a £5 million, 
contract focoomputer systems 
to coBect data from British 
Telecom's new^generation 
digital telepho ne 
exchanges, store it securely 
and pass it to other 
comfrmtoters toproduce&Jfls 
and management statistics. . 
The data, says fCL, wflt enable 
BT to str eamline customer 
bHflng and to mOTitor service 
levels. ■. 

ICt has been aTeadtegT 
suppler of computer systems • 
to BT for many years , but ’ 
this is the firat contract 
obtained from BTs 

An indication of the ad- 
vances made with Alvey is 
available from two sources 
this week. One of them reveals 
the details of the latest co- 
operation between industry 
and university to receive 
Alvey money. 

The other is an unusual sort 
of stocktaking, carried out for 
the Science and Engineering 
Research Council, which 
looks at preparations needed 
now to shape the pattern of 
academic research after the 
programme has finished. 

The latest ideas in advanced 
technology to come into the 
scheme, involve seven powrr- 
ful collaborators: the comput- 
er company Lorn. GEC 
Research. Inmos, FEGS The 
academic pkrtneis are Cam- 
brige University Engineering 
Department Manchester Uni- 
versity Computer Science. De- 
partment and the Polytechnic 
of Central Loockm. 

Their goal is the develop- 
ment of a novel high-speed 
computer, that fits QUO the 
filim e family of reprhims 
with abilities mimicking the 
deductive pomrs of humans. 
It wiH emerge from the Parsi- 

The work wifl explore the 
best ways of using the super- 
chip, combining unique mem- 
ory- and computing power,, 
which was designed by the 
Inmos team and . labelled the 
Transputer. The cost of the 
enterprise i& £3 million over 
three years. 

Jus under £2 million comes 
from the Department ofTrade 
and Industry.undertbe Alvey 
programme: The manufactur- 
ers wifi share the rest 

The bask, computer will 
consist of 64 transputers, each 
with one megabyte memory. 
The basic c om p u ter is called a 
“T-rack”of which several are 
used by different partners in 
the scheme. 

The idea. is to interconnect 
transputers through a system 
which snowman almost infi- 
nite combination to' be tested 

Each of the partners has a 
specialized contribution to 
make. For example. GEC 
Research and the Polytechnic 
of Central London are work- 
ing on a way of presenting in 
colour graphics the results of 
analysis and Simulations. 

Manchester University is 
devising a way of making one 
of the experimental computers 
available to other . scientists 

New ideas in design 

Ornttaned fihm page 25 Organiser, along with a 
existing personal ' computer range of built-in 
world BFs QWERTY-phone software. Though Psion does 
not only provides a keyboard not expect people to use the 
modem and advanced tele- Organiser If as a laptop com- 
phone functions -but can be puter, it doesexpect the £100 
used as an extra-featured key- .machine to be used as an on- 
board for the IBM PC and site data collection tool in 
several other computers. industry and as an electronic 
Psion’s revamped version Filofex by executives, 
of iis original Organiser pock-. Some British companies 
et computer combines competing in the mainstream 
database, programming lan-. cul-throat business PC have 
guage functions, diary and not yet taken the esoteric route 
alarm functions with a tiny represented by the new Psion 
keyboard and communica- .and BT launches. Apricot for 
lions functions that allow you example, last week announced 
to swap information into and that it was unveiling yet 
out of larger PCs such as the another version of its XEN 
ACT Apricot and IBM PC computer. 

Use of state-of-the art comput- This machine is widely 

er chip design has also -meant accepted to be faster and more 
that the Organiser can offer .powerful than IBM's speedy 
RAM store rivalling that of AT computer but it is really a 
some desktop PCs. ■ - make-or-break machine For 

Upto256KofRAMmemo- Apricot, which recently an- 
ry, the same amount that you nounced a splitting-up of its 

Up to256K ofRAM memo- Apricot, which recently an- 
ry, the same amount that you nounced a splitting-up of its 
get on most standard IBM PC- . distribution chain with Tandy 

style computers, is included in 
the pocket calculator sire 

and . a sell-off of its 

British Standards Institution 

Technical Officers (stand**) 
Data Processing 

Stalling salary £12JUtO pa 

Can you respund w the challenge of workup 
with the Date Processing industry io create 
national and international Standards 9 
Technical Officers m BSI's Standards 
Division enjoy a unique career . As Own- • 
tree Secretaries - and as foil Committee j 
Members - they play a key role m developing '! 
Standards through technically expert com- 
mittees drawn from the fuH range of 
industrial. Government, user and profes- 
SKmal mterests. They manage the projects, 
guide!, advise and provide essential adminis- 
trative back-up. Involvement cs mainly with 
people, as individuals and in groups, and the 
ability io (Han, draft and communicate 
dearly, both orally and. m writing, is a key 
requireme n t. 

We are looking far candidates with degree 
and/or corporate membership of a profu- 
sions! body and experience m industry or 

Benefits Include: five • weeks holiday. ' 
contributory pension plan, etc 

For more information and an apphamoaform, 

potential appUcana are utvoed to contact.- ' 

mren 5®' fcs^^sssas 

mi 2 Park Street, LONDON W1A2BS 

^ Telephone OHH»o«»E« 






. . 5 om P'~« Personnel Services m o 
toSMr respected and lo„ 9 established 
t - om Puter Recruitment Consultancy. 

Due to our continued growth and 

T* are seeking two exceptional 
individuals to join us. 

The successful candidates will probably 
be of Graduate standard, have a true 
desre to succeed and a genuine interest in 
tne computer industry. Personal qualities 
ora more important than experience. They 
will tmd high standards of achievement, a 
demanding but informal environment and a 
rewarding career. 

Forfwther details phone Martin Barry 
on 01-253 5042 or send a CV. for his 


Telephone 01-253 5042 



HBquted by targe banking corporation - If you are 
amh 0 o«» and career orientated and have experience 
wm network environment. To carry out first line 
°* fransmissian related problems - 
with European users. Able to carry out routine 
of (g^ based network 
management would be an asset but not essentiaL 
Opportunity to visit New York on Company Business. 
al^m<caBert company benefits as weR as mortgage 



ssnssa, , 


West End surveyors require an experienced 
secretary able to manage their computer sys- 
tem. Previous experience of WORD 11/WPS 
80 essential. Salary £9,000. 

Telephone 01-437 6977 


A vacancy crisis br a firabato 
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tnns Gra® at me Department of 
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Hie VTJWmTSI derttaDmeni w 
and me sumsdui cantMate coM 
expect to tiuie a substantial con- 
triwtm id toe coamued success 
ot vuwWTGt 

Salary jetommg to age ad experi- 
ence n thfc tange d J7JMD - 
EiDKD plus soperaiHUBHoo. 
typteatom m wamg muted con- 
Idsnwl and tndWte'g hfl 
uancuium vtfae and H» names and 
add'esses ot tin ictona ta 
TM Mngiag OhadK. 

non Compote 
* Uri, 

Entmita Home. 
Unff Stieat Nam, 

■15 4EM 

hmdmnuro Bcmm A fame 
designer e remand to wort on 
Die design ot advanced comnu- 
ntoMmwkn. Enatanu of 
M 68000 . bus systems and sup- 
pert deuce* with 
UMi Mi mu lcMtow experience de. 
steatite. salary negouaMe. 
Tetepbooe buna Cttaie. Teieaip 
OocroMder Products limited 
OTSJS 76375- 


YOU* voice cmriri he worn- for- 
tune. Se9 advertising by 
MOriiane in «BtaMisiied Natteo- 
41 . oiuiUj 1 putdicouuns. 
CarmniB Mend on euorL 
Based mow London office- tot- 
mediaK* seat call Mike 
Turnbull on Oi 624 72it 




itahaaar with 

career, incow w» 
The opportunity to buOi) a 
business with no capital 
outlay exists wtthln a top 
London brokerage. High 
earnings during training. 
Graduates or commer- 
oaBy minded indiv iduals 
23-36 with a good sense of 
honour can Mike Tripper 
on 01-629 8309. 


Top secretary required for President of 
International Television division. This is a 
stimulating position for an experienced person 
with high secretarial skills accustomed to working 
on own initiative. Good salary and related benefits. 

Please write giving fuB work record inducting 
salaries etc to: 

Personnel (HR) 

Walt Disney Productions Ltd 
31-32 Soho Square 
London W1V BAP 



Staff Care Package: 

liday pay 
uanieed work 
to p skills 
e wP/computsr 

■Bank holiday pay 
•Social programme 

•Regular reviews 

."“6 , 
ormance awards 

sediate work 

•Complete career 
•Rewarding & varied 

Call Moira or John on 
01-229 9244 

Office Overload Age ncy 




nw terxus fBOwiment support Service D wtaon a to 
aartt need oirtignc2tobf8P«3Xe to undertake assignments 
Snout me Lcwfcw region. Our contract team enjoy 
to* term aj&nsitte. ram, pay. 

^5 framing on aU Bw tartest systems and so toon 
**onpenu wy w ymtefiake bammg. support app htauon a 
tuning. 6*0 m company consultancy 
kte* atlacbve rates 

D 5 Ft S Team erf recogrwed by oom^MG to »tog 
runners « word p« 0 Ce»mg and Buwwlioo s**a. 






1)5 HOHMD 

" (M-4M4Q0I 



Professor John Newsom-Davis, 
Medical Research Council clini- 
cal research professor of neurol- 
ogy. Royal Free Hospital and 
Institute of Neurology, has been 
appointed Action Rsearch 
professor of clinical neurology 
from October, 1987. 



20 R 4 kino. RMIumno flirww. 
Camurtdge Electronic Indtzrirm. h« 
mm mio an industrial l«ttow. 

ship from March S. 


A DeuJ hte been elected Helen Cam 
vmuinq fcliow for 1 5*86-87 

The Becker tladenbhip in law for 
1986-96 has been awarded lo S J 


Elected tn:o a fa low eornntoncrai w a 
for the Mtchaetmas Term 1986 
commander M R CampOdL of New 
Scotland >’aro. 


Elected into honorary fellouralup- iris 
Murdoch. MA <Oxford>. rtecuri into 
an unofficial reiinw^Wp- j M Bacon. 
BSc I London V MSc PhD 'CNAAj. 

Honorary fcilowshnu Frrdeock Ber- 
nard Brockhun: cedi draywii, 

Serena professor of Italian studies and 
feSffi. g , Magdalen: and Emesi 
Rorukj Oxburon. FRS. professor ot 
minendofly and netrokwy. Cambrt£l»e 
Ltolversiiy. and President of Queens’ 

university lecturer In the computer 
labotuory: elected into u» Phyllis 


Mr J B Donovan u a CwUym Gtodon 
PtW research fellowship. Mr H S 
Jones and Mr C Mills to open prbe 
JVt Gal- 

research fellowships: Mr _ 

health to a ma> worm metnorui prize 
research fellowship: Dr M Arellano, 
institute of Economics and statmes. 
Oxford, w a non supendtarv research 


Jumor research fellowships: vo Jtatv. 
Mainland Oihwse junior research 
I rtto w. Hilary Term and Trinity Term 
1986 and Guo Shuamp. MaMpnd 
crunae MMw- research fellow. Trtn- 
Uv^Term 1986 and Hilary Term 

via ring JRgtows hjps: Profrmor Ham 

Ajwrtmi vtMUng feuow. Trinity 
Term isto. 

ST HUGH'S college; 

and Eileen Gibbs (ravelling research 
fellowship; r D WRUebouse. MA. 
PhD. leciurer in prehistoric archaeol- 
ogy al Lancaster University. 

Elected into honorary fellowship. 
Edward Hughes. Ma. Poet Laureate. 

Elected into an official fellowship 
from Ocloocr 1: S B Murphy. BA 
lOxrordl. archlvltl*. Muaer- 
BiMiouwque Rtmaud. ciiartenuie- 
Mcarm, elected into research 
fellowships from October 1: N J 
Lrask. BA. Tnnliy College, and A S 
Lewis. BA. of Queers* Cotoge. 

Arthur Wells feivii engineering) 
Srr Peter Baxendeli (indusLn-L 
DSSc: Bernard Cnck t political 
science and political education) 
MA: Doris Sianfieid 


The degree’ of DMus will be 
conferred on Witold 
Lutoslawski. the Polish com- 
r. in 1987. 


Dr Dennis Farrington has been 
appointed deputy secretary and 
jstraf Of the university.' 



Professor Chandrasekhar: 
Cambridge posting. 

Dame Elisabeth Frink: 
Fellowship at St Hilda's. 

Sir Nicolas Browne-WUMnaon. Vtee- 
ChaneeHor or (hr Supram Court, has 

bem rtecte d as manor o I fee college. 
In succession to Lord Ramsey of 



H C Thomas. BSc. PhD has 
been appointed professor of 
medicine at St Mary's Hospital 
Medical School from October 

Jeffrey Moorby. BSc. PhD. has 
been appointed professor of 
horticulture at wye College 
from June. 

Conferment of title of professor 
(from January IV. 

CrystoUogrnpliy at Btrlfeeck CDUegr. J 

AiQuaaum Anur Cassam. MA. D 
nut Mipw or ona coueoe. » an 

L Flnney. BA. PhD: al~ fee 

ofllcial fellow and tutor in phlkwnphy 
jrotn Onobcr 1: John Stuart Foord. 
PJp. MA tCantab). as an official 
fello w and tutor in Inorganic clH-m 
Wrv IVotn OdoDK 1 \desdgnated 
Bralthwaue fellow): T.vo Tao Liu MA. 
DPhn. (Slow of WoMson CtoOeg^as 
sa; tor research feUow in ChmoeTroiu 
ocutoer 1 . 

School Of Slavonic and I 

Studies: A Branch. BA. PhD: Spanish 
at West field College: J Peony. MA. 
PhD: cardiovascular blochenustry af 
fee United Medical and Dental Schools 
of Guy’s and Si Thomas’s: D j Hearse. 
BSc PhD. DSc- 

Honorary degrees are to 
conferred on the folio wing: 
LLj>. Lord Buuer»'onb. the 
university’s first vice- 

MA: Lady Butterworth. 

DUtt Mr Peter Maxwell Da- 
vies. composer. Mrs Jacqueua 
Hawfccs. author and 

DSc Lord Kings Norton, acro- 
nautical engineer and 




European Economic Community: 
C49J.OCO lo Dr (R Ham* lo lead 
concerted European action on 

Science and Enmneertno Research 
Council: LI 1 2.183 lo Professor GR 
kaak. Dr MB van der Ra.iv and Dr 
Ehworth to study fee app Jural lorv- of 
opucal resonance scanenno io solar 
Physics: £155.365 lo Professor ap 
W iiimore and Dr GK SI inner lo 
research nard x ray imagina. re-fllphi 
of SpacMap 3 msiruTneni 

Conferment of title of reader 

Mr Roger James 

Biochemisrry as a^pUrdJO medicine al 

theUnlled Medical and Denial Schools 

Sir Edward Yonder 
Honour from York. 

Mr Peter Maxwell Davies: 
Honour from Warwick. 


fir Koger James Rowe (King 
Edward’s School. EtothL to a School 
Jracher studentship of cm House (or 
HlUty Term 1987; Mrs Janei Dixon 
fLniey and Stone Upper School, 
Newark), to a SchooBeacher studem- 
shta of fee House tor Trinity Term 

of Guy’s and Si Thomas^ Hospitais: G 
M Murtwiy. _ BSc. PhD. CChem: 


Dame Elisabeth Frmk to an honorary 
feliowstij; Miss Sally Louise 
kgnnone MA. to a lecturership to 
Epgusfi tor one year from October I: 
Miss Ann Monday, second in 
tnathemaucg department. Carmel col- 
lege. to Scnooinastresa fellowship for 

Russian and Georgian studies at fee 
School « Slavonic and East European 
Studies: P O RavlU-ld. BA. PhD: 
pharnucagcnucs al SI Mary's H capital 
Medical School: R Idle. BSc. PhD: 
medical ■j.ufrtlcs at fee London 
Hospital Medical College: J W Evans. 
ba. MSc: virology al me Itn-aonue of 
Ophthalmology: J D Treharn*. BSc. 


Hilary Term 1987; 

torch, acting^ bead of departmcnL 

Hayes SchooL lo a Schoohnianesi 
latowOrip for Trtony Term 1987. 



John Crutnhs Vaughan. MSc. PhD. 
DSc. professor of applied microscopy, 
department of food and nutrlUonal 

NtUon Pupef. BSc. PhD. DSC. profes- 
sor of ohannaeeutica! technckagy. 
department of pharmacy. 

Richard Owen Pfender. BA. > m 
LEM. jsd. PhD. hamster: IdS 
reader, faculty or laws. 

Mr D M Broom, MA, PhD (St 
Catharine's College), reader in 
re and applied zoology. Retol- 
U diversity, has been elected 
into the Colleen Madeod 
professorship of animal welfare 
from September I. 

Professor S Chandrasekhar. 
PhD (Pembroke Cortege). DSc, 
(Nagpur). FRS, profess o r. Ra- 
man Research Institute, Ban- 
galore. has been elected 
Jawahartal Nehru visiting 
professor (physics) for 1986-87. 
Mr T-P D Fan, BSc. PhD 
(London), has beat appointed 
university lect ure r in pharma- 
cology from July l for throe 

ayr* to 

Honorary ftOowalups 
awarded to the Rio 
Thompson. Bishop oil 
■or Sir George Porter. L 

Sir Randolph Quirk. 

Justice Kerr. Dr David M. 

Director, (n te r nadk avn programme. 

Secondary Examinations Coun- 
cil: Lord Sharideum. pro-chan- 
cellor of the university. 

DSc (social sciences): Miss 
Sheila Quinn. President of the 
Royal College of Nursing. 

LLD: Abdul Rahman Ya’kuh. 
formerly Chief Minister and 
then Governor of Sarawak. 

Personal professorship: Dr Ste- 
phen Holgate (medicine). 

Chain Dr Christopher Clarke, 
senior lecturer, York University 
(applied mathematics), from 
September 1. 

Readership: Dr J M Dyke 



Bcovor College. US. and Mr fiavtd G 
Master of fee Drapers' Com- 


A fellowship win be awarded to 
Professor Peter Mansfield, professor 
of Miysaca. Nottingham University. 


Mr David Coussmaker Ander- 
son, reader in medicine, has 

been appointed to a personal _ 

chai r in endocrinology in the lecturer at Manchester Univer- 
department of medicate from $ity, has been appointed to a 

Dr Don Pearson, a reader in the 
department of electronic sys- 
tems engineering, has been ap- 
pointed to a chair in the 

Dr John Oliver, chairman of the 
department of computer sci- 
ence. where he is a reader, has 
been appointed to a chair in 
computer science. 

Dr Simon Lavington, a senior 

Personal chairs 

Dr I D Bowen, department of 
zoology-. University College. 
Cardiff; the Rev D P Davies, 
department of theology and 
religious studies. Si David's 
University College, Lampeter 
Dr E P M Gardener, director of 
the Institute of European Fi- 
nance. University College of 
North Wales. Bangor. Dr R J 
Marshall, Director of the Medi- 
cal Illustration and Audio-Vi- 
sual Services, University of 
Wales College of Medicine. 
Cardiff: Dr R Pethig, School of 
Electronic Engineering Science. 
University College of North 
Wales, Bangor; Dr R S Pickard, 
department of zoology. Univer- 
sity College. Cardiff: and Mr W 
M Tydeman. department of 
English. University College of 
North Wales. Bangor. 

The university is to award 
honorary degrees to the 

DUniv: Sir Donald Barron, pro- 
chancellor Mr Seamus Heaney, 
poet: and Dr Pat Nutlgens. 
former director. Leeds 

MUniv: Marie Hartley and Joan 
Ingilby. Yorkshire historians: 
Hanno Martin, former director. 
Goethe Institute, York. 


NnrlhPm Regional Hraltn Auloonly 
and from Regional Health Authority 
£430.000 to fund fee HlaMi&timent erf 
fee VorL Health Economics Con- 
sortlum. which will provide adiKe on 
healfe proDlems and a general 
economics iriicliigence service 
Si-iemp and Engineering Research 
Council. 1105.176 to fee deoartment 
of computer science for fact lilies 10 
support additional research in IPSE&. 

Mr David Foster, deputy reg- 
istrar. has been appointed 
university registrar from Octo- 
ber 1. in succession to Anne 
Riddell, who is retiring. 

Dr Duncan Allsopp has been 

electron icsl. 


department of Industrial relations and 
management studies. University CoL 
Ntoe. Cardiff. Dr J C Bales, departmenl 
Of mechanical engineering and encrov 

.r» niLLironii oi Tli^uieri J1MJ dlMJ 

gud ie v Um v er»tv College. Cardiff. Or 

The Corbett prize for 1986 has 
been won by G D WiBianis. 
Trinity College. Proxime 
accessi t: H K Smith. 


Dr Basim MusaQam has been 
; elected to a fellowship under 
title A from March 9. 

Barth Frere exMhWons In 1986: w C 
A nderson. Sidney Sussex College: H E 
Batchelor- Newnham College, j e 

March 1. 


Dr M LBlMh IhMonto Dr K O Pease 
(•Octal adminBtraUonk: Or Giovanni 
Poxmero (Laun American uieranire): 
Mr P D Pumfrey (edurouoni: Dr F R 
Sale I chemical metaOurayr. Dr W W 
Sharrock (sociology): Dr D W WU- 
nams oawt. 

chair in computer science from 

M Boyd, deoartmenr of music. 
..rfieroty College. Cardiff: Dr S w 
Charles, departmenl of ph^ics. 
Unlvereito College of North Wales. 
&a™wr Dr I A Hughes, departmenl of 
child health. Liniverau' of Wales 

Senior lectureships 

Dr P S Alexander (PoMTHbUOU 
Jewish srudlesfc Dr If L Brown 
■sociology): Dr E N Chanller feto- 
ciwmWryu Or W W Ctegg ( ete UH cai 
eiiniiteertngj: Dr I P Dueraoth (phys- 
ic*): Dr J T Gallagher laanriogyl: Dr R 
J Harmon (economic history): Dr J B 

Houston (pharmacy h Dr A V Lowe 
flawy. _Mr P h Madden tecon o me o ius): 

Orton college: R Q~ 

Pembroke College: J R Potvln. Dar- 

H Money. 

wtn College. E J W rotten. 
Huuean prize 1906 has been awarded 
to I C Harrte. ba. Petertwme. 

A Members' CXMcal Essay Prize 
19BS-B6 has been awarded id g d 
W illiams. Trlniw College. The 
Members' CJanslral Translation Prize 
in Greek 198&86 has been awarded 
to A Ramnass. si John's CoOege. The 
Prtre Waterhouse prize to economics 
1986 hasMcn awarded to P AvUeff. 
— O qjtege. end M R Levi. 
Inson CoBege. acg. 

Dr D C Store (cytology 1. Dr J V Woods 
(computer science): N S Fatotfuu 
(anaesthesia): F W BaBattUe (medi- 

College elections 

Elected, toto a MomH» omr Hi A 

from March tk Dr “ ” 

untverstry lecturer hi 

(n Uw FacuKy U OtloM 
Oected ta ?0 a fdhn 


S P Bhtey (cell Motow): Ana M Schor 
iceH Motogvr. S A Wnttehead (conser- 
vative denustxvL 


Science and En gineer ing Research 
Council: C664.2M to Dr C J Taylor 
for fee development ot tec hn iqu es for 
u^-croqramniable haagr processing: 
£367^86 to Dr lan Wmson and Dr J 
V Woods to r _ fee__ d evelopment Of 
Flagship, a deefaraovr system. 


The Vice-Chancellor. Dr R.N. 
Franklin, has been appointed to 
a personal chair in plasma 

Other appointments: 

Honorary visiting professors: Dr A 
Demon (civil engineerliigK Dr D 
Cramp (systems science). 

Lectureship; Dr D R K Brownngg 
(computer science). 

Dr S Parker to be director or extra- 
mural studies In the Centre for 
conttoutng Education in succession to 
Mr H Klein. 

Mr Terry Waite, adviser to the 
Archbishop of Canterbury on 
Anglican communion affairs, 
will receive an honorary degree 
of doctor of civil law. 

College of Medicine. Cardiff: D j Kay. 
department of Mochenusirv. Univer- 
sal- College. Cardiff; Dr J 
depart men! of physics. University 
College of North Wales. Bangor Dr 
Graham Upton, departmenl of educa- 
tion. University College. Cardiff. 

University College of Swansea 
Professor H Peter Jost has been 
appointed an honoran profes- 
sor of the University or Wales in 
Mechanical Engineering. 
University of Wales College of 

A personal chair in medical 
illustration has been conferred 
on Dr Ralph Marshall. 


(London), untvanrttu 

la tha (fa w T amd or Bataan. 
darwin erwteor- 

EI K H Satte. PhD 

untuMty tecturor In. the ihm a i li imi l 
of eargi sogicts nu been efecsed Into 
an offUal toBowsMp frtxa januaiy 


Honorary degrees will be con- 
ferred in July on the following: 
DLJtt: Sister Sheila OTfera (Sis- 
ter Imekfa Marie), formerly 
Principal of La Sarnie Union 

Dae Sir WHfted Cockcroft, 
Chairman and Cfiief Executive. 

The title of honorary professor 
has been conferred on Dr 
Charles Allen, who until his 
retirment test year was assistant 
general manager. Ferranti. 

(rttemirtrVV Dr J V M;- 
Dr J M Peden fOrtre 
tog): Dr P N Preston (chemwryfc Dr A 
j Songster (etectrk ~ 
A HatUn ~ 


Queen’s, Belfast 

The university is to confer the 
following honorary degrees in 

LLD: Dr Helen Dunsmore. for 
international sen’ices to the 
advancement of women. 

DLif: Benedict Kiely 


DSc Daniel Joseph Bradley 
(physics): Professor Sir Graham 
Smith (astronomy); Sir Kenneth 
Stuart (medicine): Sir Austin 
Bide (industry). 

HID: Janies Anderson Smiley 
(occupational medicine). 
D5c(Eng): Sir Francis Tombs 
(electrical engineering); Alan 


Honorary degrees are to be 
conferred on the following in 

DUtt: Mr Kingman Brewster, 
former US ambassador. Mr 
David R. Arthur, formerly aca- 
demic registrar Mr Andrew N. 
Fairbaim. formerly chief educa- 
tion officer. Leicestershire: and 
Sir Edward Youde. governor of 
Hong Kong. 

DSc: Mr John T. Stamper, 
corporate technical director. 
British Aerospace: Sir Ranuiph 
Fiennes, explorer. Mr Archibald 
W. Forster, managing director. 
Esso Europe: and Sir Richard 
Way. formerly Permanent Sec- 
reiarv. Ministry of Aviation. 
DTech: Mr Keith Chappie, chief 
executive. Intel Corporation: 
Mr Brian Trubshaw. director of 
flight test, British Aerospace: Sir 
Clifford Butler, formerly vice- 
chancellor. and Dr Kwan Lee. 
vie-chanccllor. University of 
LI Isa n. South Korea. 

MA: Mr George Taylor, sec- 
retary. Professional Footballers' 
Association: and Miss Jean M. 
Stan, department of physical 
education and sports science. 


Appointments: *. 

Ttir Rev J S Bam. curate. SI MctiofK 
and Chrivi Chureti. Dunj«<n. dwrenc 
ot Durruim. to iw vicar. Si AnUn'i. 
Humngion. and V’Kar. Si CHwoldV 
Stilnev Row. same- diorae. 

Cmon R H BoKcr. Honorary c^non 
nt Cnrtrt Ctvurrn. and Vicar. Christ 
the Contortions. Milton Koynes. m- 
ocw or QvJord. to oe T«un Rector. 
Banbury. diocese 
Trie Rev B Camp, cwaie, St Paul’s. 
Biachttedto diocese or Birmuigham. io 
be T«im Vicar, St Peter's. LapaL to 
uie Halrtotacn Team Minrury. di- 
ocese 4( Worcester. 

The Rev P N Cl arts, curate. Si 
Marlin. Pourrnewion. diocese of 
RIDon lo be Rector. SI Luke. 
LoniKiqhf. diocese of Monctuestcr 
The Rev M. Craddock. awKtani 
curate. All Samis Dxnry. diocese cf 
Si Albans ro be cnaniain HM Prison. 
Si range ways, amine of Manchester. 

The Pei V T Dichinson. Team 
Vicar SI Paul. Wlllingion Quay, to (he 
W'lllmglon Team Ministry, diocese of 
Newcastle, lo be vicar. Church of fee 
Ascension. Henion. same alocese. 

The Rev B Duncan. Vicar. GMe- 
aia'e Church of Holy cross. Credlion. 
diocese of Exeter, io be residentiary 
canon ot Manchester Cathedral, di- 
ocese of Manenerter. 

The Rev T j e Femytoaugh. curate, 
□nvenirv. diocnv* of Peterborough, to 
he Second Chaplain of Tonbridge 
School diocese oi Rochester. 

The Rev □ K Gough. Vicar. Heath, 
dlofito erf DerD’,. lo be prlesi-in- 
cnarge. Si Chad's. Derby, same 

The Res □ Cues), incumbent, 
Middli'haiu and Caverham wife 
Mnrseftouye diocese of Ripon. lo be 
Vtrar. Tail Rainlon. and Perior. West 
Rafeion. diocese of Durham. 

Canon w n Haruej' lo be canon 
<-menius or Manchester Cathedral, 
diocese of Maticnmer. 

The Rev P Hallol). Vicar. St James. 
Doinrdsicr. dKosv of Sheffield- lo bo 
Rector. Hcpurldnc and CharUon 
Morel home with Slow e/ 1 , diocese Of 
Bain and WeiK 

The Rev .1 Humphries. Vicar. Chnsx 
•he Carpenter. Peterborough, diocese 
or Peterborough, to be prtcst-ln- 
chargc. King s Cllffe. and Of 
Apethorpe. um diocese. 

The Rev N J Hartley, curate. St 
Margaret's. Ipswich, diocese Of St 
Ednumdsburv and Ipswich, lo be 
priusi-in-chacoe. Kimi«sluun and 
ChallMriam. and diocesan radio offi- 
cer. same diocese. 

The Rev □ A meson, vicar. Si 
Andrew 's. Sedbergh. diocese of Brad- 
ford. io De pnest- in -charge. Holy 
Trinity, park held, to fee tinned 
benefice arid lo the Team Ministry of 
Langiev. diocese of Manchester 
The Ri>, A Wind. Birior VJplon-on- 
Severn. diocese of Woiresier. lo be 
also Rural Dean of L'pion - Deanery, 
same diocese. 

Canon N kelly. Vicar. Egham 
Hvthe and an honorary canon of 
Guildford Cathedral, diocese of 
Guildford io become canon emeritus 
M Guildford Cathedral on Ms retire- 
mtr.l on July 6 

The Rev P Lamb, curate. WoHon- 
under-Edge wife ozJeworfe and North 
Nibiev. diocese erf Gfoucester. to be 
Team Vicar. Holy Tnrow and SI 
Matuiew m the Worcester South-east 
Team Ministry, diocese of Worcester. 

The Rev R Leauir-rbarrow-. Rector. 
Si Cufeberi's. Kirk Union, diocese of 
Carlisle, lo be Rector. Si Mark's. 
Whucmass. Blackley, diocese of Man- 

The Rev J O Lea worthy, carafe. 
Plymouth. Emmanuel wife El lord and 
Si Auousiine. diocese or Exeler. lo be 
pneti in-charge. Marks Tey wife 
Aldham and Lttllc Tey. diocese of 

The Rev A S Leak. Archivist of fee 
Mlnsier Library and Vicar Choral of 
Vork Mmsier. diocese of Vork. to be 
Canon Precentor ■'ResMonilarv Canon i 
of I he Cathedral of fee IMv Spoil 
G uildford, diocese of GulWford 
The Rev A S Lucas, parish pnesL SI 
Michael's. Slock well diocese of 
Souihwar):. lo be vicar, same parish, 
same diocese 

The Rev R Mann. Vicar St Jonn's. 
Hlpswell. diocese of Ripon. lo be 
Vicar. M amble with Ballon. Pock 
wife Ho«jnlinglnn with far Forest, 
diocese of Worcester. 

The Rev P R Murray, curate SI 
Oswald's. Hartlepool, dtocew of Our 
ham lo be curate. All Saints. South 
Shields, same diocese. 

The Rev M F Pay ne. curate. Sr Paul 
arid St Stephen. Hyson Green, diocese 
of Soulhweil. to Be Parish PriosL St 
Mary Mac^jatene. Pecl.ham. diocese of 

The Rei t Wijimoti. ReilcT. Exion 
and Warden oi Ecion House, diocese 
of PnierbCiroogh. io be also diocesan 
dire- 1 oi of post-ordinauon training, 
same diocese 

The Pei 1 E wnnerbottom. Rector. 
Bn trunnion duv*»se of Derby, to be 
also Rural Dean of Bc-Hoier and 
SiaieJev. same diocese 

Resignations and retirements 

The Pei T A Lewis. Rerfor. Aston 
Omlon with Burk land and Drayton 
Beauchamp, diocese « Oxford, reined 
in March 

The Rev R p Rankin. Vicar, 
wooohouw caves, diocese or Leices- 
ter. (cured on April 30 

Prebendary C H Sarahs. Vicar. 
Mjnehrad. and Rural Doan of Ex 

moor. diar-Tse of Baih ana Wells, io 
‘ io 30. He 

resign a* Rural Doan on June 
remain# Virar. Minehead 
The Rei M J Smith. Rector. 
Wickham Bishops, ana Rural Dean or 
W it ham. diocese of Chelmsford, lo 

Science and Ew peering Rewarch 
Council: i- 1 30.000 to Or RH W eston 
lo study methods erf iniegrarmo 
etemenls of flexible assembly si stems. 
SERC Atvey iia?.T?0 to Mrs SDP 
Marker and Dr KO Eason lo research 
human factor inputs to information 
technology design- process. 

Bntfsi: Lintarv i Orton i: £2Z9XX>6 to 
Professor B Shac>.el 
Nauonal Coal Board: £103.000 ro Mr 
AF Gray for computer based training 
in the coal industry 

resign, as Rural Dean of wTtnam on 
June 30_ and io reUre on October M . 

The-.-Rer & W Turner. Vicar. 
Apetnortto with Wondnev,|on. diocese 
oi Peterborough, resigned on April 30 

Church of Scotland 

The Rei B Watson to Canonbte wife 
Langholm. Ewes and Wmerkirk. 

The rc\ a Macdonald to Iona and 
Ros* of Mull 

The Rev Annestey lo Langbank. 
The Rev M Mccance io Coatbridge. 

The Rei' Lillian M Bruce to Danot 
and Dunlichnv wife Mov. oalarosste 
and Tomatm 

The Rev m Gunn from Glasgow. St 
David's h'mghiswood. lo Aberfeidy 
wife Amulree and Straihbaah. 

The Rei w Dunon rrom Papa 
west ray w«h W'estrav <o Stranraer. 
Hloh Kirk 

The Rev M c Stewart from 
Cumbernauld. Abronrnu. io A rdter 
Ketbns and Meiglo. 

The Rev L Fault)* from Edinburgh. 
Gram on to Aberlady wife GuUane. 

The Rev A Chalmers from Denny. 
We*ipark, to Banchory Ter nan. West 
The Rev k Mackenzie from Cr«cn 
wife Rose hall io Brechin Cathedral. 

The Rev w Donald from Associate 
at Edinburgh. Holy Trinity, lo Aber- 
deen. Siotke thill. 


Royal croBgcments for ibis 
moaih include: 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London Univerafty, will attend 
Queen Mary College’s tbanks- 
»ving service at St MidhaeTsv 
ComhilL on May 9 and a 
reception to be held at Drapers' 
Hall afterwards. 

The Duke of Edinburgh. Presi- 
dent of the Duke of Edinburgh’s 
Commonwealth Study Con- 
ference, wiD visit Bombay on 
May 9 and 10 and will open the 
sixth Commonwealth Study 

The Queen win attend a thanks- 
giving service in St George’s 
Chapd, Windsor, on May 12, to 
mark the sesoentenary of the 
Treaty of Windsor. 

Princess Anne wiD attend a 
charity premiere of Chess at the 
Prince Edward Theatre on May 
12 in aid of the Stars Organiza- 
tion for Spastics. 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, will present 
Purple Awards to spozsmen and 
women of the university al the 
International Students House, 
Great Portland Street, on May 

The Queen win riye a reception 
at Buckingham Palace on May 

The Queen w£Q attend the final 
concert of the 1986 Newbury 
Spring Festival at St Nicholas’ 
Church, Newbury, on May 17. 
The Queen wiD open the new 
premises or dm Reading News- 
paper Company in Portman 
Road on May 1 9 and will visit 
Reading School to marie the 
quincentenary of its 
refoundation by King Kenxy VII 
in 1486. In the evening she wfll 

visit the Chelsea Flower Show of 

the Royal Horticultural Society 
in the grounds of the Royal 

14 for VCs and GCs. 

Princess Anne, Chancellor of 
London University, will attend 
a presentation ceremony at the 
Albert Hall on May 14 and, in 
the evening, will attend the 
court ladies’ dinner of the 
Fishmongers* Company at 
Fishmongers’ Hall 
The Queen win open the new 
sixth form building of lire Royal 
Caledonian Schools, Busbey, on 
May 15. 

Princess Anne will open the new 
Police T raining Centre in Shef- 
field on May 15 and wfll visit 
Fletchers Bakeries. Later, as 
Patron of the Riding for the 
Disabled Association, she will 
visit the Sheffield group at 
Miilview Riding School, 

Princess Anne will present 
medallions to commemorate 
the twentieth anni versary of the 
Winston Churchill Memorial 
Trust at Guildhall on May 16. 
The Queen will open the Royal 
Holloway and Bedford New 
College al Egb&m on May 16 to 
marie the centenary of die 
ning by Queen Victoria of 
Royal Holloway College at 
Epjtam and the sesqtricentenary 
of London University. 

Princess Anne will present the 
annual Pye Television Awards 
at the Hihon hotel on May 19 
and. in ihe evening, win attend a 
performance of Run for your 
Wife at the Criterion Theatre in 
aid of the London region of the 
Victim Support Scheme. 

The Princess of Wales win visit 
the Chelsea Flower Show on 
May 19. 

Princess Anne, President of the 
Missions to Seamen, will visit 
their dubs at Fowey and Par on 
May 20. She will also visit the 
offices of English China Clays in 
St Austell and attend a service of 
thanksgiving to commemorate 
the tenth anniversary of the 
work of the Missions to Seamen 
' rn Cornwall Later she will visit 
the town of Femyn to celebrate 
the 750lh anniversary of the 
granting of the royal charter. 

The Queen will present the new 
Queen's colour to the Ports- 
mouth Command on Southsea 
Common on May 21. 

The Prince of Wales. Coloncl- 
in-Chief The 22nd (Cheshire) 
Regiment, will visit the 1st 
Battalion in framing at Hytbe 
and Lydd, Kent, on May 21. In 
the evening, accompanied by 
the Princess of Wales, President 
of the Royal Academy of Music, 
he will attend a gala concert by 
the academy’s symphony or- 
chestra at the Barbican. 

Princess Anne. President of the 
British Knitting and Clothing 
Export Council, will attend a 
luncheon after their annual 
meeting at the Berkeley hotel on 
May 21. Later, as President of 
(he Women’s Royal Naval Ser- 
vice Benevolent Trust, she will 
atKAd the forty-fourth annual 
meeting of the trust at the 
Victory Services Club. 

The Prince of Wales, The Great 
Master, will attend a service of 
the Order of the Bath in 
Westminster Abbey on May 22 
and later will ppm the new plan t 

c en tre at Exbury Gardens, 

The Princess of Wales will open 
the new premises of the North 
East Council ou Addictions at 1 
Mosley Street, Newcastle upon 
Tyne, on May 22 and later, as 
President of Dr Baroardo’s, will 
visit the Hdixxll Intermediate 
Treatment Centre, South 

The Prince of Wales, President 
ofThe Prince's Trust, accompa- 
nied by the Princess of Wales, 
will attend the premiere of the 
film Biggies, in aid of the trust 
and the RAF Benevolent Fund, 
at the Empire, Leicester Square, 
ou May 22. 

Princess Anne will attend the 
annual dinner of the Royal 
Academy of Arts at Bttrihigion 
House on May 22. 

The Princess of Wales will visit 
Broadway Lodge, Oldmixon 
Road, Weston-super-Mare, 
Avon, on May 27. 

The Prince of Wales, Duke of 
Cornwall, will open the 
Thornburn Museum at 
Dobwalis, Cornwall, on May 27. 
Princess Anne. Commandant in 
Chief St John Ambulance and 
Nursing Cadets, will attend a 
regional cadet rally at British 
Aerospace, Sahnesbury, Pres- 
ton, Lancashire, on May 27 and, 
in the evening, wfll attend the 

Four Stars' Gold Tournament 
Ball at GutidhalL 
Princess Anne, ColoneLin- 
ChieC The Royal Scots (The 
Royal Regiment), will visit the 
1st Battalion. The Royal Scots, 
ai Sennetager, West Germany, 
on May 28. 

The Princess of Wales will visit 
the County Show of the Suffolk 
Agricultural Association at the 
County Showground, Ipswich, 
on May 28. 

The Prince of Wales will visit 
the London Docklands at the 
Royal Docks. El 6, and the Isle 
of Dogs, El 4, on May 29. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales, Duke and Duchess of 
Cornwall, will open the Shaftes- 
bury Society Housing Complex 
and Disabled Activity Centre in 
Kmnington on May 29. 

The Queen will writ an ex- 
hibition in the Public Record 
Office in Chancery Lane on May 
29 and a reception to be held 
afterwards in the Royal Courts 
of Justice to mark the ninth 
centenary of Domesday Book. 
Princess Anne, Colonel-in- 
Chiefi Royal Corps of Signals, 

will attend a cocktail party and 
playing of retreat by the Royal 
Signals band at the Royal Batii 
and Wesi and Southern Coun- 
ties Society Annual Show 3L the 
showground, Shepton Mallet. 
Somerset, on May 29. 

Princess Anne, President of the 
Royal Bath and West and 
Southern Counties Society, will 
attend the society's annual show 
at the showground. Shepton 
Mallet, Somerset, on May 29 
and 30. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will open the Leicester- 
shire Hospice. Groby Road, 
Leicester, on May 30. 

The Duchess of Gloucester will 
visit Bums Cottage and open the 
new museum at Alloway, Ayr, 
on May 1 , and later will visit the 
Ayrshire Agricultural Associ- 
ation Ayr Show at Ayr 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester, as patron, will visit 
the Derbyshire College of 
Higher Education, Derby, on 
May 6. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
attend the Landscape Design 
Trust's opening seminar a! the 
Institute of Directors on May 6. 
The Duke of Gloucester, Presi- 
dent of the British Consultants* 
Bureau, will visit the design 
offices of Ove Amp Partnership 
at 13 Fftzroy Street on May 7. In 
(he evening he will present the 
Pritzker Architecture Prize al a 
dinner at Goldsmiths’ Hall. 

The Duke of Gloucester. Patron 
of the Council for Education in 
World Citizenship, will open 
their new offices at Seymour 
Mews House, Seymour Mews, 
on May 8. 

Infant Deaths, will presen i the 
prizes for ‘Create a Christmas 
Card Competition’ at the TSB 
Buildings. St Mary’s Court. 100 
Lowei Thames Street, on May 

■Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester will attend a concert 
given by Mr Tamas Vasaiy at St 
John’s. Smith Square, on" May 
13. to celebrate Westminsters 
qua tercentenary. 

* * * 

The Duchess of Gloucester will 
attend a fashion show at the 
May Fair Hotei on May 8 in aid 
of PHAB (Physically Handi- 
capped and Abie Bodied). 
Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester. Patron of the British 
Limbless Ex-Service Men’s 
.Association, win open tbe 
Forces Help Society and Loiri 
Roberts Workshops bungalows 
and the Constance Green wing 
at the Blackpool Home, Black- 
pool, on May 9. 

The Duke of Gloucester, Presi- 
dent of the Cancer Research 
Campaign, will attend a gala 
variety show at the Albert Hall 
on May 9. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patron of Cot Death Research, 
the Foundation for the Study of 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
visit Harlow on May 14 lo open 
the Great Paindon Community 
Centre and later visit Waltham 
Abbey to open a new library and 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of the London Suzuki 
Group, will attend a concert at 
Hampton Court Palace on Mav 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester and the Duchess of 
Gloucester will visit the Chelsea 
Flower Show of the Roval 
Horticultural Society in ihe 
gardens of the Royal Hospital. 
Chelsea, on May 19. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
visit RAF Odiham on May 20. 
pie Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patrot) of the National Associ- 
ation for Gifted Children, will 
present the prizes for the Trav- 
eller of the Year Award at a 
luncheon at the Savoy Hotel on 
May 20. In the evening, as Vice- 
Patron ofThe Queen’s Club, she 
will attend a reception at the 
dub to mait its centenary 
pie Duchess of Gloucester. 
Patron of the .Asthma Research 
Council, will open the council’s 
new premises at 300 Upper 
Street on May 21. 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester will attend a service 
of the Order of the Bath in 
Westminster Abbey on Mav 21 
In the evening, as patron of the 
Girls Public Day School i rust 
she wiU attend a concert given 
by Mr Alfred Brencc) ai St 
John’s. Smith Square, in aid of 
South Hampstead High School. 
The Duke of Gloucester will 
open Blue Circle Industries new 
corporate headquarters at 
AJdermaston Court. Berkshire, 
OB May 21 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester. Colonel-in-Chicf of 
the Royal Hussars (FWO), will 
visit the regiment at 
Fallingbostd, West Germany, 
on May 24. 

Princess Alice Duchess of 
Gloucester. Air Chief Com- 
mandant of the Women's Royal 

Air Force, will visit the WRAP 
hostel at 29 Pembridge Gardens 
on May 28. 

The Duke of Gloucester will 
attend a concert gi%’en by the 
Royal Philharmonic Orcfiestra 
at the Festival Hall on May 28. 
The Duke of Gloucester will 
open Wise Close, Bodice le, on 
May 29 and later visit the 
Monument Industrial Park, 
Chalgrove, Oxfordshire. 

Princess Alexandra will attend a 
musical evening on May 3 being 
held to celebrate the thirty-fifth 
anniversary of the opening of 
the Festival Hall. 

Princess Alexandra will attend 
the opening of the Rank Xerox 
'86 Marlow -Art Collection, an 
exhibition of the Selected Paint- 
ing and Sculpture Competition, 
at the National Theatre on May 
6 . 

Princess Alexandra will open 
Redbridge House, the new train- 
ing centre of the Guide Dogs for 
the Blind .Association ai Red- 
bridge on May 7. 

Princess Alexandra will attend 
the 212th annual court of the 
Royal Humane Society and will 
present the 1985 Stanhope Gold 
Medal at Haberdashers’ Hall on 
May 8. 

* * ± 

Princess .Alexandra wfll visit the 
Whitehaven Sub-Divisional Po- 
!?ce Headquarters, Cumbria, on 
May 14 and. afterwards, wfll 
Visit the Calvert Tnjst Adven- 
ture Centre for the Disabled at 
t tie Crosthwaite. 

Princess Alexandra will ope „ 
the Community Hospice Unrtat 

Pro P 1 { rn j hes and Gal Iowa v 
Rojal Infinrary. on Mav 15 
aait later, will attend 3 recen- 
lion at the Municipal Chamber! 
Dumfries, as pan of the celebra- 
uons 10 mark the SOOLhannlver- 
sary Of tile granting of a roval 

Durafk' 0 Bursk V 

Pnncess Alexandra wfll visit 
Manor, the home for 
the eldeny administered b\ the 

•tSSwSeU Jcwish Hospital. 
* &0/166 Great North Wav, Hen- 
don, on Mav 22. 

Princess Alexandra will open 
Uie new premises of Bucking- 
ham Coalings at Ttneewick 
Road. Buckingham, on May 2$. 
Princess Alexandra will visit the 
Home and Social Centre for 
Younger Handicapped at 
CoIeshilL Llanelli, the Coomb 
Qteshire Home at Uangain and 
the Community Hall at St 
Clears, Dyfed. on May 29. 


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Has the Muse 
lost her touch? 

A tittle white ago I was 
: sufficiently generous or inju- 
. dicious to give it as my 
opinion to the literary editor 
of The Tunes that the stan- 
dard of published poetry in 
the English language was 
■ probably higher now than at 
any time since the war. 

Whereupon the late and 
- much missed Geoffrey 
Grigson popped up with pro 
dktable bad temper in the 
correspondence columns and 
' said he could think of only a 

couple of poets worth publish- 
ing at alL 

In an absolute sense, in- 
deed, I agree with Grigson. 
Rather, 1 would tend to be 
more severe, and agree with 
Swill, who said that England 
could never boast more than 
three poets at a time: 

Our chilling climate hardly 

A sprig of bays in fifty years. 

In other words, there axe 
never as many poets in any 
age as there seem to be. and 
Time, the only critic worth his 
tools, will without doubt sort 
out the present lot ter more 
severely than I could. 

Meanwhile, however, it tells 
to a poetry reviewer to try to 
describe what his contempo- 
raries are doing, and to make a 
guess as to its worth. (You can 
use more dignified words, but 
that is what the practice 
amounts to.) 

When I said that the general 
standard of published poetry 
was quite high, I added in the 
same breath that there was a 
notable absence of anything 
anyone would call genius. 

To put it bluntly, white 
there is a lot of goodish verse 
appearing there is the usual 
lack of poets of unquestion- 
ably major status. 

To demonstrate my point, 
every year the English Centre 
of PEN, the association of 
poets, essayists and novelists, 
publishes an anthology of 
poetry to celebrate, as it says, 
the state of the art in Britain 
today. PEN did me the honour 
of asking me to edit the latest 
volume, PEN New Poetry 1. 
which has just been published 
by Quartet Books, with the 
help of the Arts Council. 

It was hard work. I had to 
wade through 2,441 pieces of 
stuff resembling verse, which 

the PEN people had obtained 
after advertising for it. Little 
of this found its way into the 

For the rest, I solicited 
contributions from a number 
of poets— known, little known 
and even unknown (save to 
their peers) — and was grateful 
when most of them respond- 
ed. The result is an anthology 
in which you will find 163 
poems by 54 poets — Peter 
Ackroyd, John Ash, John 
Ashbeiy, Alan Bold. Dick 
Davis, Gavin Ewart, Tony 
Harrison, Anthony Howell, 
Christopher Logue, George 
MacBeth, Norman MacCaig, 
Peter Redgrove, Peter Russell, 
Martin Seymour-Smith, lain 
Crichton Smith, Robert Wells, 
CH. Sisson, Hugo Williams 
and David Wright among 

The oldest contributor is 
probably George Barker, now 
73 but still chanting at the top 
of his Dionysiac voice. The 
youngest, in spirit if not in 
actual years, may well be the 

I doubt whether 
a single one of 
them is of 
lasting importance 

immensely promising Carol 
Ann Duffy, who writes love 
poetry as if she is the first to do 
so, which is, of course, the 
only way anyone has ever 
written love poetry: 

I have turned the newspaper 
bav into a diver 
for pearls. I can do this. In 
my night 

there is no moon, and if it 
happens that I speak 
of stars it's by mistake. Or if 

it happens 

that t mention these things it 
is by design. 

His body is brown, breaking 
through waves Such white 

Beneath the water he search- 
es for the perfect sheiL 

He does not know that, as he 
posts the Mirror 

through the door, he is equal 
with dolphins 

I shall name him Pablo, 
because t can. 

Now I think that this, from 
a poem called Dear Norman. 
is pleasantly written, tender 
and intelligent and self-aware, 
and I especially like the way it 
links the process of erotic 
fantasy to the procedures of 
poem- writing. 

Aft the same, the ghosts of 
Swift and Grigson arise to 
prompt me to be tough on 
Duffy by reporting that I spent 
yesterday evening re-reading 
Donne's satires, and to an- 
nounce ' that tonight I am 
looking forward to dipping 
train into The Poems of Laura 
Riding, that collection of the 
life-work in poetry of the one 
20th-century poets in the En- 
glish language who seems to 
me of indisputable genius. 

Riding stopped writing po- 
ems at the age of 40 or so and 
her reasons for doing this 
deserve the attention of any- 
one who takes poetry with any 
degree of seriousness. 

She is still alive, 85 this 
year, and no account of the 
present stage of poetry in the 
English language would be 
complete without some salute 
both to her achievement and 
some akcnowledgement of the 
unease which her latter-day 
silence must inspire in anyone 
who has responded to the 
sheer quality of truthfulness 
and beauty in her greatest 
work, such as these tines from 
the beginning and the end of 
the second of her Three Ser- 
mons to the Dead: 

Nor is it written that you 
may not grieve. 

There is no rule of joy. long 
may you dwell 

Not smiting yet in that last 

On that last suppa- of the 

It is not counted what large 

Your heart in ancient pri- 
vate keeps alive. 

To each is given what defeat 

Now if I insisted on setting 
my sights at this level, then I 
would have nothing to say 
about any of the books of new 
verse sent to me for review, 
except a note to the effect that 
I doubt whether a single one of 
them is of lasting importance, 
or contains a poem that will 

it: - Jm, . jj ,-\ ' *••• 

i.-r_ o: .. 

live longer than the end of the 
present century at the most 

But if I said that I would be 
unfair to several honest writ- . 
ers who at their best do not set 
out to compete with Donne or 
Riding but only to put them- 
selves at the service of poetry 
and write as weO as they can. 

Part of the reviewer's func- 
tion is to describe wh at h e 
thinks the poet is attem pting 
to do. Reviews differ from 
literary criticism proper in 
that the reviewer cannot as- 
sume that his readers have the 
next before them, or are al- 
ready acquainted with h. 

Is the reviewer guilty of 
holding double' standards, 
then, if he puts Donne and 
Riding to one side and deliber- 
ately suppresses his suspicion 
that there is scarcely a living 
practising poet fit to be men- 
tioned in the same sentence? 

Perhaps he is. Perhaps I am. 
But then I would be denying 
you, as reader, acquaintance 
with a certain amount of 
information and possible plea- 
sure. Such as that GJ. Sisson’s 
Collected Poems 1943-83, 
published two years ago, su$- 
gested by its scope and intensi- 
ty that here was a poet at least 
with the elements of greatness, 
a worthy successor to Eliot 
and Pound and Rilke, the 
giants of modernism, in that 
much of his work has been an 
attempt to return to source 
and re-knit Christianity to the 
pagan word, or rather to 
explore the relationship of the 
flesh of paganism to the 
religion of the incarnation, as 
exemplified in his superb 
poem A Letter to John Donne 
which ends: 

Come down and speak to the 
mat of ability 

On the Sevenoaks platform 
and tell them 

That at your Saint Nicholas 
the faith 

Is not exclusive in the finds it 

That the vain, the ambitious 
and the highly sexed 

Iff vv ^ 

*• . • ■ ' 

| iS^*T«V it 

its free 


Today's books of poetry: 
Top, Slipping Glimpses, 
Direct Dialling, News for 
Babylon and, above, Dark 

Are the natural prey of the 
incarnate Christ. . . 

Such as, that the veteran 
Fnglkh poet Peter Russell, 
now exiled in Italy, has es- 
caped from the rather flabby 
Romanticism of much of his 
earlier work in the creation of 
a supreme fiction concerning a 
whole imagmery obscure an- 
cient Roman, one Quintilius, 
whose non-existent elegies he 
translates from time to time: 

A little rice never did very 
much harm. 

But Virtue has ruined many 
an innocent fetio* ~ 

Such as. that it is high time 
Martin Seymour-Smith pub- 
lished either a severely collect- 
ed or sub st an tia l ly selected 
volume bringing together the 
handful of bmtiant poems 
scattered through the books he 
has been pobushmg over the 
past three decades, pins the 
ma« of unpublished work he 
has permitted only his friends 
to see. 

Fame, as Gerard Manley 
Hopkins once wrote in a letter 

to Robert Bridges, Is net ; 
important, but the being 
toioiw B tire veiry afr the true 
poet breathes for survival. 

I . will conclude this neces- 
sarily brief survey of the 
present state of poetry in tire 
English language with a angle 
poem of Seynrow-Sminrs 
which seems to me. both 
cxceflentiy loving, and with 
something vital to say about 
the whole difficult business of 
why the poet writes in the first 
place, aim to whom fate poems 
may property, be addressed 
both now (in 1986) and in any 
possible (if improbable) future 
where poetry may still be read. 

The poem is entitled To my 

My child (whichever) my love 
fir vou's more dear 

As fatherhood becomes more 
clear • - 

Not to be my own ghost spying 

Situngin the shaft qf Ms same 
sun , 

Going through my dusty staff 
and saying . 

‘This was . his but does not 
matter any more. 

Nor did it ever much. Moon in 

Always he fiti compelled 
Crab-tike to cotiect 
Detritus of a past which now's 
No longer anyone’s at alL 
Unless the Mom's.' 

But what is never past, my 
chiM (whichever) . 

Is my Messing on you 
As adamantine How as when I 
saw you first 

Love like mine for you's 

Too much to bear 
And undoes history quite 
It never can be foul except 
Beyond death's care, as now; 
But then it's heartfelt as the 
sun is warm. 

Now, as you muse upon these 

Now, as l mite you these 
words. • 

Robert Nye 

! It is generally 
laureate comes fixnn the Latin 
laurea or laurel tree from 
which wreaths wan talon ra 
ancient Greece to crown tn- 
iiniphant wamors and posts. 
But there -is also the Greek 
laura, which means on the one 
hand an alley or group of 
codes (tittle street s\ and on 
the other “the mouth of a bag 
—a not in appr o pri ate descrip- 
t io n of some of the noie 
dubious holders of " the 
Laureate. . 

Sir (TAvemnt' — 

the last of the three 
“unoffidar Laureates, after. 
Sapmri Daniel and Ben Jon- 
son — was appointed by 
Charles L but not imprisoned 
by Cromwell on that account, 
or even because be had fought 
for the lrin& but because he 
was raptured as a pirate 

Milton’s intervention saved 
his life. If Cromwell and his 
colleagues had thought about 
the matter they would doubt- 
less have kept the post and 
appointed Milton. Had Dry- 
den not been appointed the 
first official Poet Laureate by 
letters-paxenlin 1670, and had 
ShadweU or any subsequent 
holder iro to Southey have 
been the first, the post would 
have-been despised from the 
beginning and died away unre- 
marfcecLBut Dryden's soaring 
verse and prose-poetry lent 
the new appointment a lustre 
it could never entirely lose, 
even though he was so meanly 
and disgracefully deprived of 
the title on the accession of 
William and Mary, r 

After Dryden's supplanter, 
the ineffable Shadwefl (who 
was nevertheless not without 
talent), there came a very odd 
and unworthy septet. 

Nahum Tate at least in- 
spired a classic work in Pope's 
Dunctad. and one must extend 
grudging admiration to any 
writer who could produce a 
version of King Lear with a 
happy ending. Nicholas Rowe 
wrote blamelessly and he was 
perhaps a safe, colourless 
choice in the day of Pope, 
Swift and Addison, all of 
whom liked trim. 

With Laurence Eusdcn the 
Laureate sank to its nadir. He 
and his successor, Colley Cib- 
ber, were also {xHoried in the 
Dunriad, Cibber being a jtfay- 
wright who sometimes 

Next came Wi lHam White- 

head. a bland nonentity, to be 
followed in 1785 by Thomas 
Wartptt who did much - to 
restore the credit of the Laurel 
ate, although his own reputa- 
tion relies mere on his critical 
works than te poepy-^hife 
his History of English Poetry 
helped to pave the way for the 
Romantic RevWaltypified by 
Those two landmark Wdere of 
the post, Southey and Words- 
worth (passing over the 
wretched Henry Pye m 
silence). . • • ' . ; 

At last, with Southey’*- ap- 
pointment, political services 
and considerations were ho 
longer deciding fetors in the 
choree of Laureate. His high 
calibre and that of hxs succes- 
sors (with one bad lapse in the 
case of the turgid, pompous 
Alfred Austin}, brought true 
laurels and a cumulative re- 
spect to the pos t, with an 
i ncr easing imbue interest in 
the selection. Even the popu- 
lar papers joined in specula- 
tion and discussion after 
Betjeman's death. 

A distinct development 
n?rmi* with Tennyson's acces- 
sion, not through the verses he 
wrote somewhat selfcon- 
sciously, as Laureate; but 
through the deeper, , store 
esoteric works that indicated 
his view of the role, not bnly 
as edebrant erf national occa- 
sions, but as representative of 
the poets and Engtisb poetry 

Robert Bridges held the fine 
not unworthily from 1913 
mxtil 1 930, but eclipsed by the 
sheer power of his successor, 
Masefield, whose dioice as 
Laureate was not only obvi- 
ous, but also appropriate and 
enlightened- that property 
earned Masefield the honour 
were written before he as- 
sumed the lanxeis, when the 
fire and imagery seemed to 
desert him. 

Poli tica l considerations can 
truly be said to have disap- 
peared with the appointment 
of C Day Lewis, one of the 
leading proponents of the left- 
wing movement in -poetry 
between the wars, along with 
Auden and Spender and 

Here was a Laureate not so 
much concerned to celebrate 
royafor national- Occasions as 
to embody the recognition 
bring accorded to poets by an 
ever-wider public. 

Goutinaed m next page 

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that, be chose seven new 

Oumo andWindus has its 
woman poet, Fiona Pitt- 
KefoW. and her collection 
Sky Ray Lolly “addresses 
contemporary hypocrisies di- 
rectly mid acidly,'* says the 
publicity, with caution. The 
impression given is that one 
sets light to the touch paper 
and stands wed back. 

It is as well to remember 
that the major pan of poetry 

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1 L L 


LleweUyn Rhys . Memorial 
™ze. 1984, for Dangerous 
rlay). He is now the poetry 
editor at Chatto and Windtis 
and formerly a lecturer in 
English at Hull University, 
.where Larkin was so famously 
die librarian. 

It looks like a small, ingrow- 
ing world. Blake Morrison, 
deputy literary editor of The 
Observer, i$ a poet who co- 
edited with Andrew Morion 
The Penguin Book of Contem- 
porary British Poetry in 1982. 
Both poets are on the board of 
the Poetry Books Society. 

Craig Raine, another wed 
known poet is Doetrv editor of 

Poetry Books Society 
Supplement, Poetry Now (Ra- 
dio 3) Poetry Review, Quarto, 
Rollercoaster (Radio 4), The 
Spectator. The Times Liter ary 
Supplement, Vogue, and ho* 
play Shall I am Thee Bard! 
was one of the funniest pro- 
grammes Radio 3 ever (fid. * 
This year both Hutdhinsoa 
and Penguin” are 
“relaunching” .their poetry 
lists. This means taldnga good 

new and attractive covers, and 
perhaps some new and attrac- 
tive poets. 

Hutchinson has Dannie 
Abse’s Ask the Bloody Horse, 
Kevin Crossley-Holland's 

poems of Ursula Fanfoorpe, 
followed by a book of Tony 
Harrison's translations. Pen- 
guin already publishes Janies 
Fenton, Geoffrey HOI and 
Andrew Motion. 

Penguin is also reviving the 
series of translations of mod- 
em European poets, beginning 
with Derek Mahon on Phi- 
lippe Jaccottet 
One of the problems is to 
find new poets. “Sometimes 
you fed yon almost have to 
beat the bushes,” says Andrew 
Motion, “or beat the literary 
tmigayinftK at feaSL” 

In response to an appeal for 
new poetry he had nearly 
1,000 manuscripts. Out of 

constellation of poets, includ- 
ing Ted Hughes. If however, 
poetry was foe interest of only 
a small clique taking in each 
other's poetical washing, one 
might fear for the future. But it 
is not so, and this is reflected 
■ in foe interest that publishers 
and booksellers are taking in 
the selling of poetry. 

Faber & Faber are also 
Larkin's publishers and a 
glance at foe backlist (one at 
foe prime assets of fins pub- 
lishing house) reveals 25,000 
copies of Whitsun. Weddings, 

12.000 of Higft Windows, and 

3.000 of North £^pr 'fokl m 
the course of a year. 

On Larkin's death, copies 
disappeared from most 
bookshops and he remains 
virtually sold om. 

Douglas Dunn, by winning 
foe Whitbread Ifcoeof ££500 
for Elegies, won himself not 
only a spot in foe best seller 
list, but a place in the national 
window djspby of W; H. 
Smith, an indication that po- 
etry has reached the grass 
roots. In the head office of W. 
H- Smith at Swindon, die staff . 
have bees concentrating on . 
increased sales _of books, a 
ca m paig n which has been' 
going on for foe past two 

years • 

A spring Faber author, for 
example, was Wendy Cope, 
whose witty collection of poet- 
ry .and parodies* Making Co- . 
coa for Kingsley Amis, also 
made the best seller Hsl ft 
would seem that no one in the 
dvilized world conk! not have 
heard her name by foe time 
the book Was published. . 

W. H. Smith approves of 
Wendy Cope. But many peo- 

Helping the children 

The: Poetry Society keeps 
cropping np. Poetry Review is 
Its journal, edited by poet, 
Mick fanU. The headquar- 
ters,^! Earls Court Square, 
are befog improved to provide 
enlarged premises which wfU 
include a poefry bookshop, a 
room for readings, a small 
gallery, the adnunfetrative of- 
fices for the Poetry Society, 
foe Poetry Book Society, foe 
National Poetry Centre and a 

On shoestrin g fiances and . 
with a very small staff, there 
are regular readings, and 
events at foe centre. The 
irmoifi nenj aecretsn » 
abo gives financial help to 
literature festivals, and bun- . 
deeds of poetry readings 
foroaghcat foe country . 

The Poetry Society adinmis- 
ters foe Ms in Schools 

project (sponsored by W. EL 
Smith). This seads three poets 
la a term to a p r i m a ry or 
secondary school to encourage 
children to write poetry mater 
(heir guidance — and with 
luck, more is an anthology at 
the end of it. 

There are also the Spoken 
Poetry and Prose Examina- 
tions, foe Poetry Society news- 
letter, and for foe would-be 
poet, a critical service. The 
Poetry Book Society moved in 
1984 to foe National Poetry 
Centre after the Arts Comal 
gave ap the honsag and 
admimrtretioiL Since dm, it 
has nearly doubled fog anna] 
t u rnover , and in cr ease d its 
membership by 55 per cent 

Members receive fom* books 
of new poetry a year, and an 
anthology, edited by a guest 

tions by contemporary poets, 
and poets both classic and 
contemporary in translation. 

Blooaaxe Books* from New- 
castle, plan 24 poetry titles 
this year. The Arvon Founda- 
tion, with its International 
Poetry Competition, has been 
able to help many writers. 

The Arvon International 
Poetry Competition has a first j 
prize of£5,000, and there have 
been three of them in 1980, 
1982 and 1985. Each competi- 
tion has attracted more than 
25,000 entries. There are a 
number of pr iz e s , one of 
which is the British Air- 
Commonwealth competition, 
with a top prize of £5,000, 
administered by the Com- 
monwealth Institute. 

The National Poetry Com- 
petition is o r g aniz e d by the 
Poetry Society in association 
with BBC Radio 3— foe prizes 

of £50. Ten poems are the 
maximum that any one com- 
petitor can enter, no poem , 
must exceed 40 lines, and all 
prize winning poems are 

What happens to published 
poetry? One source of anxiety 
is over the destiny of the Arts 
Council Poetry Ubrary. This 
contains 30,000 books of 20th- 
century poeriy in English from 
the UK and 4D English speak- 
ing countries. 

The Arts Council is divest- 
ing itself of the library, which 
has premises in Piccadilly. 

While poetry is a £6 million 
p ublishing business these 
days, Andrew Motion says 
that he is still touched by the 
“bad” poetry that people 
write. The death of Sir win- 
5t on Churchill, fin* example, 
found The Times deluged with 
poems sent in by the public. 
-Few were of any bteraiy merit, 
but the heart was there 

Everyone should read poet- 
ry. Perhaps Desmond Clarke, 
the director of publicity for 
Faber & Faber, is right when 
he says foal the best selling 
anthology. The Rattle Bag 
edited try two of his prize 
poets, Ted Hughes and 
Seamus Heaney, pons of the 
poetry reading circle, should 
be, tike the Bible, in every 
hotel bedroom. Watch that 

Andrew Motion 

Ganfi A-Dafly 

Philippa Toomey 

A new free spirit wears the laurel 

Fran previous page 

Another dimension 
emerged with Begeman'S suc- 
cession. Now at last we had a 
people's choice, a bestselling 
bard, accepted by fellow-poets 
as one of their own and smiled 
on by the Establishment 

(some members of which 

could understand him). 

He was never at his best 
when directly marking royal 
events, yet the main body of 
his work was an evocation' of 
what he concaved as eternal 
English values, surviving in 

the spirit, if seemingly physi- 
cally destroyed. 

And so to the present 
incumbent, Ted Hughes — 
vety much a man ofhis time, a 
leader among the fiercely un- 
compromising poets of the 
postwar world, atavistic in a 
preoccupation with the raw 
physical existence of wild life; 
gn on varnished man without 
domestic trimmings or civi- 
lized apparel, cognisant of 
those factors, while despising 
tbem.Too free a spirit to be a 

committed political animal. 

Hughes represents a further 
sharp evolution of the Laure- 
ate, donning the wreath on his 
own terms. * 

If a royal sixtieth birthday, 
for exnmple,should have 
moved him to make a further 
consideration of the furred 
and the feathered that share 
this kingdom with us, then so 
much the better for English 
poetry and the land in winch it 
has its roots. The best of our 
poets are no longer eulogizers 
of a particular family, of the 
status quo, of protest or social 

revolution, but still impas- 
sioned observers of the world 
as they see it 

The first Laureate, Dryden, 
lugubriously reflected 

Fooi that / was; upon my. 
eagle’s wings 

I Bore this wren, till f was tired 
with soaring. 

And now he mounts above me. 

This is a thought, one feels, 
that Hughes might wefl con- 
jure up and express in his own 
highly individualistic fashion. 

Laurence Cotterell 

Oegjes/Douglas Dmu/Faber 

and Faber/£3J>S- 
A moving coflection qfpoans. 
Winner of foe 198 &Whitbread 
Book of foe Year Award. 



apoocozs, sup po rt* cod sofls 


Prae money of £35,000 was awarded hy as 
in Sotheby's Iotetoaticoal Poetry C omp etiti o n 
in 1932 

Sotheby's, 34-35 Naw Bond Street. London W1A 2AA. 
Telephone: 01-4834080. Telex: 24454 SPBLON G. 


Making Cocoa forKingstey 

Amfc/Wjwfr Cbpe/Fabera«l 

Fabetf£395. ■ ‘ ■ 

Already wefl-known fo rher 
hilarious send-upsof contem- 
poraty writers; Wsudy Cope is 

National Poetry Centre 

Events, Countrywide Readings, Poetry Rev tew. Poets in 
Schools, Mail Order Bookshop, National Poetry 
Competition, Awards, Many Other Services. 


Representing: Barh,BrackndI, Berkshire- Cambridge, 
Cardiff, Cbritenham, Edinburgh, Eases, Ilkley, Kern, 
Lancaster, Newcastle qua Tyne, Shrewsbury. 

Details from: 21 Earls Court Square 
■** - ' London SW5 9DE . 

01-373 7861/2 


Contracts Administrator 

^ Berkshire 
negotiable salary package" 

A world leader in packaged 
application software is expanding 
fis operations in Europe and needs 
an experienced legal executive to 
take a key rote in contracts 

\bu wffl have responsibility for 
all licensee agreements and other 
contract administration and win 
be actively involved in all contract 

A legal, accounting or business 

school qualification is highly 
desirable, alternatively evidence 
of extensive contract experience 
will be sought An abiOty to 
communicate with the legal 
profession on equal terms is 

Knowledge of a European 
language would be a distinct asset 

Remuneration is negotiable, 
and is expected to be in excess 
of £20D00pa, plus substantial 

bonus, quality carand executive 

To apply, please send a full CV 
and salary details in confidence 
and quoting reference MCS/5058 
to Barrie A Whitaker 

Executive Selection Dfvfsfon 
Price Watediouse 
Management Consuftanfs 
Thames Court 
1 Victoria Street, 

Windsor Berkshire SL41HB 

Price Waterhouse # 


£11349 - £12765 

An appointment as legal adviser in 
the magistrates’ court provides the 
opportunity for a stimulating and chal- 
lenging career for able lawyers in the 
public service. This appointment at 
Ealing Magistrates’ Court offers the 
opportunity to gain wide experience 
in all aspects of the work of the mag- 
isterial service. Full training will be 
offered to applicants with no experi- 
ence who may expect to commence 
! on a slary c. £9,000 p.a. to c. £10,000 
after 6 months and to the substantive 
scale after 12 months; these scales 
are under review. A generous reloca- 
tion shceme is available in approved 

Application forms will be sent on re- 
quest and should be returned to me 
by 19th May 1986. 

R.B. Gfefinan 

. _Ctefk to the Committee 

Ealing Magistrates’ Court 
Green Man Lane 
London, W13 OSD 
Tel: 01-579 9311 . 



Satey betwetn £11,850 - £15.111 

As a result of the further expansion 
of the office of the Chief 
Prosecuting Solicitor, and in 
anticipation of its incorporation into 
the new Crown Prosecution 
Service, applications are invited 
from soBcftors and barristers with 
experience of Magistrates' Court 
advocacy. Recently qualified 
lawyers with little or no experience 
in advocacy will be considered for 
initial appointment on a lower grade 
(currently £ 1 1 ,280 -£ 1 2, 1 68). The 
office is based to Chelmsford, but 
prosecutors are expected to appear 
m any of the Magistrates’ Courts in 
the county. Those appointed wiM 
automatically become Crown 
Prosecutors in October 1986. A full 
driving licence is essential. 
Relocation expenses are payable in 
approved cases. 

If you would like further 
info rma tion, ring John Goodwin, 
Chief Prosecuting Solicitor, on 
0245 252939. Application form 
and further details available from 
the County Personnel Officer, 
County Hall, Chelmsford, CM1 
1 LX (0245 267222 Ext. 2017). 
Closing date 21 May 1986. 


Head of School/Professor 
of Law (Ref: AA/341) 

The post arises from the resignation of 
Professor Patricia A. Thomas following 
her appointment as ths Commissioner for 
Local Administration (Local Ombudsman) 

> for the North of England. The School is a 
large, well established and distinguished 
; Polytechnic School. The School is active in 
a range of new developments. A Head is 
sought who can lead the School through 
its next phase of development 

Salary: Burnham Group V! £18,615 to 
£20,51 1 (under review). 

Informal enquiries can be made to the 
Dean of Faculty of Business and 
Management, Mr. John Squires (Tel: 0772 
22141 ext. 2499). 

"Further detafo. Quoting appropriate 
reference obtainable from the Personnel 
Office, Lancashire Polytechnic, Preston, PR1 
2TQ. Tek (OTW 262027. 

Chang date 27th May 1986. 

Wilkinson Kimbers 

We are a rapidly expanding medium-sized 
practice with a broad commercial client base 
and modern offices and facilities in Lincoln’s 


We are seeking to appoint two solicitors with up 
to 2 years’ post-qualification experience, one to 
specialise in corporate taxation and the other to 
deal with more general company and commercial 

Private Client 

We seek a solicitor with up to 2 years’ experience 
to deal with a wide variety of personal tax , trust 
and some probate work. 

We are primarily concerned to recruit a Solicitor 
with drive and commercial awareness and a City 
background would be an advantage. Solicitors 
qualifying in September 1986 with relevant 
experience in articles will be considered. 

In the first instance apply in writing with full 
curriculum vitae to Simon Wethered. 

Hale Court, Lincoln’s Inn, London WC2A 3UW 

Young Solicitor 

Smiths Industries Pfc wishes to recruit a young 
solicitor to work in its modem head office in North West 
London. The Company employs about UjOOO people 
worldwide, and has an annual turnover of approximately 
£400 million. Its activities are spread through three main 
groups: aerospace and defence, medical systems and 
industrial. The Company has subsidiaries to the United 
States, Canada. Europe and Australia. 

The small legal department advises on a broad 
range of subjects including, acquisitions, divestments, 
intellectual property contract, consumer and company 
law The present vacancy has arisen as a result of internal 

The successful applicant will be aged 30 or under, 
have a good honours degree in law and some relevant 
experience. Working conditions are excellent and the 
Company expects to pay well for the talent it needs to 
maintain its progress. 

All applicants should write to Mr. Alan Smith, Solicitor, 
at the address below with a brief ot, including present 
salary and the names of two referees. 



765 Fmchfey Road. London NWT 1 80 S 




We require a Solicitor or Banister to set up a legal department in 
our Central Croydon offices. 

We are a recently formed Group of Companies involved in various 
construction related activities such as quantity surveying, project 
management and engineering services, together with non- 
construction related activities such as computers and printing. 

This is a new post and the successful candidate wffl be involved in 
writing his/her own job specification. Duties will include handling a 
wide range of commercial matters but particularly contractual 
matters, tort and property. 

Remuneration package Is dependent on experience but wffl be 
attractive and untikaly to be less titan £1%. 

Applications with CV to: 

Mr. OR. Boot 
Group Company Secretary 
Monk Dunstone Associates Investments Limited 
64-70 High Street, Croydon, Surrey CR0 9XN. 


We an wrwno a young 
newly quaWM Sottoior to 
OM wiui mama' ooneUK 

sissr ?5ttB,8 1 ¥i*tr¥- 

I33STQ-S qjfiq-saSPO&srs-Soes'fi^B S 2« SP^si S.?«Z3 5K P l ?fS > 9.tS , 5K mBP w <? - .» r-tj o. 






If Corporate Lawyer 




fora large, successful and progressive 
Scottish legal partnership which has 
plans to develop further in both 
Scotland and England. 

The main thrust of this role rs to 
provide wide-ranging advice and 
assistance to private and public 
company clients on all aspectsof 
corporate and commercial law. 

The requirement s for a qualified 
Scots lawyer with sound experience of 
corporate law This may have been 
gar ned at or near pan ner level in an 
established firm or at corporate level 
within a well organised pubic 

company or financial institution. 
Experience ol wo hung for or with 
London-based legal firms would be 
particularly usefuL 

Remuneration is tor discussion 
but is unlikely to be a limiting factor. 

Age: 30-40. Location: Edinburgh. 

Please write in complete confidence to 
Peter Craigie as adviser to the 

Arthur Young 
Management Consultants, 

17 Abercromby Place, 





Hunter & Hunter has vacancies for: 

1. Barrister-at-Law with minimum of five 
years post qualification experience who 
will be required to appear in local High 
Court and Magistrates Court in Civil 
and Criminal matters and to advise on 
all aspects of Corporate and Commer- 
cial Law. 

2. Solicitor with minimum of two years 
post qualification experience in Corpo- 
rate, Commercial and Real Estate 
matters, preferably with a leading City 

A ttra ct ive tax-free 


Applications with C.V. 

photograph to The 
'on ter & Hunter, 

salaries to be 

F.O. Box 





Cayman, Cayman IslftTidw, 


Grade 8 £12,375- £13, 734 pa (Pay Award pending 1:7:86) 

Applications are invited from qualified Solicttofs for the above post 
The successful applicant will be directly responsible to the Divisional Solicitor 
who is responsible for the prevision of aful) range of legal services required by 
the Division. 

The work will be varied and will include an aspects erf conveyancing, litigation 
and advocacy as well as advisory service to management and colleagues in 
other cfisdplines. 

The Division is responsible for the cfischarge of all the Authority^ functions 

'"-id drainage, river pollution and wate. 

Inshire and South Humberside and the 

resources) within the Counties of 
post is based at Lincoln. 

Further details may be obtained from Me T. Williams the Divisional Solicitor 
(telephone 0522 25231 Ext 266/268). 

Financial assistance towards removal expenses ete. wll be paid where 

Application forms may be obtained from the Personnel Section 
(fel: 0522 25231 Ext 325) and should be returnable to the undersigned; 
closing date for receipt of applications being 31st May, 1986L 

General Manager 

Waterside House, Waterside North, Lincoln. LN2 5HA 

£=t Anglian Water 


(Personal Injury) 


West Yorkshire City 

to £25,000 + benefits 

Our diem is a substantial firm with offices in the Ninth of 
England, and London. The firm has grown rapidly and there is 

fWTTtiHpr shU* gpopp for furthw pvpantinn ar a lnral and national lgrel. 

A highly motivated Solicitor (aged 28-35) is txw required to be 
resp o nsible for a wide range ofP.L work for malar institutional clients. 
Candidates should have a progressive approach to work and be capable 
of further practice development. The position will appeal roa Solicitor 
who is keen to reach the top ofbis/hex profession within a stimulating 


In addition to an excellent salary and benefits package (including 
car), our client would expect to offer a very early partnership to a 
candidate who can demonstrate technical e x ce ll ence, above average 
communication skills and unlimited career aspirations. 

Please apply to Ann Bates quoting ref 66/239 TTj Leeds Office, 
Tel: (0532) 461671. 



Hanover Walk, Park Lame, Leeds I 
Tel: (0532) 461671 (5 Hoes 24 hours). 

Also a£ Fountain Precinct, 

TW: (0742) 754815. 




For our growing practice in computer law 
and computer-related matters we need a 
solicitor with up to four years post-qualification 
experience to help with a wide range of 
contentious matters in the field of computer 
litigation, particularly with disputes concerning 
highly complex aspects of the new technologies. 

We believe that an incisive mind and an 
ability to give accurate advice underpressure 
are just as important as a knowledge ofhow 
computers work. However a good academic 
background, a strong interest in information 
technology and an appreciation of the 
contemporary computer market are all essential 
requirements for the post 

Hease write with brief details of your career 
to date to:- Patrick PtuUipps, 

Lovell, White & King, 21 Holbom Viaduct, 


Nottinghamshire Magistrates' Courts 

Northern Area Clerkship 

Petty Sessional Divisions of Mansfield, 

Worksop and East Retford 

Court Clerks/Senior 
Court Clerks o posts) 

Mansfield (1 post) 

Worksop and East Retford (2 posts) 
£9951-£13,764 p.a. 

(CC/PAD - Points 6-16) 

Barristers and Solicitors are invited to apply 
for the above vacancies which have arisen 
due to a promotion, an increase in 
establishment and a post holder leaving the 
service. Preference will be given to 
applicants who are able to take all courts 
without supervision but professional^ 
qualified applicants without previous 
experience who seek training, and 
candidates seeking articles or wishing to 
become bar students, will be considered for 
appointment as trainees. The successful 
applicants (male or female) will be engaged 
in the work of busy courts - there are 35-40 
half day courts weekly at Mansfield and 
26-28 half day courts weekly at Worksop and 
East Retford. The Northern Area Clerkship 
comprises the attractive area known as The 
Dukeries and house prices are below the 
national average. 

Starting salary for existing barristerfeolititor 
court clerks (depending on experience) may 
be in the range of points 12-16 CC/PAD. 
Nottinghamshire offers an attractive sslary 
structure and opportunities for promotion. 
The posts are subject to the Conditions of 
Service of the JNC for Magistrates' Court 
Staff and to a satisfactory medical 
examination. Relocation expenses where 
appropriate and allowances towards legal 
and estate agents fees, lodging and 
travelling expenses are also payable. 

For further inform ation/informal discussion 
contact The Deputy Clerks to the Justices 
Mr. D. J. Folland on Mansfield (0623) 24557 
and Mr. K. M. Thomson on Worksop 
(0908) 486111. Interviews will take place 
on 4 June, 1386. 

Applications in writing together with the 
names and addresses of two referees should 
be made taNLJ. Riel, Clerk to the Justices, 
The Court House, 30 Potter Street, Worksop, 
Notts S80 2AJ. Closing date 15 May. Please 
quote ref. 123. 



Long established rtvfl 
chambers in Temple have 
vacancy. AO enquiries In 
complete nUMeunr . 

Reply lo BOX GI& 



Young capWf and of 
smart appearance reanked 
for West End Practice 
specialising in Criminal 
Defence work. 

Tab Ot-43* QMS 




The admission of four new partners 
Company and Commercial Department in f 

requirement' for a senior, assistant solicitor, preferably 
qualified for four years. 

The Department works in small groups of lawyers, each 
led by 2-4 partners. The successful candidate will join a 
group dealing 'with major transactional work, muen oire 
having an international element, as well as providing con- 
tinuing advice to a wide range of businesses. 

We are looking for a man or woman of first class abi lity 
and with well developed professional skills who relishes 
the prospect- or working within a highly motivated and 
demanding environment. 

A fully competitive salary will be offered. Please write in 
the first instance with a full curriculum vitae to: 

Nicholas Baker 
Administration Partner 
Frere Cholmetey 
28 Lincoln’s Inn Fields 
London, WC2A 3HH 



Leicestershire Magistrates’ Courts have vacancies for both experienced anti 
trainee Clerks. Applicants must be qualified as either Solicitors or Banisters, 
and starting salaries wffl depend entirely upon experience. 


City Division op to £13,768 jwa. 

TliisisoBe of the busiest C)tvKfo nsin the Country, where theperson appointed 
wfll gain extensive and invaluable knowledge. 

Ideally, we’re looking for a Senior Clerk with at least two years’ experience 
(although applications wfil be considered from Clerks wtrohareairoiiBinuu of 
oire year’s experienceand who are lookingforprocio&ra). A new court house 
is being planned for the CKy. 


City Division & NJE. Leicestershire up to £8478 pa. 
Two positions are available; the successful applicants wiD be Law Graduates 
who have passed the whole or greater part of their Bar or Law Society's 
qualifying e xaminaHim 

The Qty post offers the successful candidate Articles of Qerkrfiip.tfrequfoed. 
The other post, based at Loughborough, otters a first class opportunity to gain 
wide experience in urban and rural courts. 

Male and female applicants interested in any oftbeabove posts should contact 
Mrs. K-Totton on Leicester (0533) 549922 ext 7803 for an application form. 
Leicestershire Magistrates’ Courts Committee, PO Box I, Town Hall, 
Leicester LEI 9BE. Completed application Conns mastberetarned by 
Tuesday, 27th May 1986). 

Look after the interests of Britain’s largest 
independent Health Care group 

Nuffield Hospitals nm 32 acatwace hospitals throughout the country Afe are a 
unique organisation: established, expanding: and above all respected far upholding the 
hi ghest standards of patient care ma highly competitive industry. 

patient care would count for little. Equally operating a successful nationwide otgarrisatwn 
dem nds a com pat ible high standard of legal expertise, and the promotion of our Company 
SoKotor means we're c urre ntly looking for -an equally able successor: 

Yonr prime duty wfll be to identify ami advise on the legal position efaH mattes 
affecting Nuffield Hosp^t^VbuvriDalsobeactivefyinvdvedmpanpertyandother 
negotiations, which wffl require managerial insight in addition to legal flais 

This fe a particularly responsibleand interesting post, winch we expect to be filled 
by an experienced Solictor at Law or Barrister with at least three years’ pok qualification- 
experience, of which at least one year should have been in commerce or indastra 

Probably aged 27-35, yauTl possess a weB-priesented, well-baianced personality 
and appearance, and have the ability to impart legal information to iron-lawyers dearly and 
oonrisely, both in writing and in person. A flexible attitude and the abflhy, to; withstand 
■ pressure complete the main attributes we sedc. 

Yaa will receive a generous ranuneration package including salary of around 
£20,006 medical insurance and mortgage subsidy Relocation assistance wffl also be given 
where appropriate. 

If tins key post interests you, please send a complete CV to: Geoffrey Kndlys, 
Ftersonnd Manager; Nuffield Hospitals, Aldwych House, 71-91 Aldwych. London WC2B4EE. 

Nuffield Hospitals 

British health care at itsbest 


Knappfidigs b a rapidly eaqwndh^comniBiaal practice. with offices in the Gty of London and Westoriaste; and 

g seeking to fill the Mowing poa mon c 


The Company Commercial Department is seeking to icchnt four solicitors. 

One of He iBcn d ts will be recently qualified and another wifi have not less than two yean* port qualification 
experience. -Bosh there recruits mu undertake a variety of general corp ora t e and co mm erc ia l work. 

e xp e rie nce . One wifi have been principally involved in advising banking cbesns and the other ' 
in public issue wort. 

have specialised 


The Red Property Department' is seeking two soticitora to work ra the Westminster Office on a wide variety of 
co ntin en t al conveyancing. 

On should have approximately one year’s post qualification ex p e ri ence and the other approximately five year’s 
post qpa tifi cariop e x perience. 


The Finals seeking a- taxation speciafist (who need noLbe a soficitort with both corporate taxation and property 

mend advice, 

taxa ti on expertise and, an ability also to gne sound commercial advice 

AD the above positions are offered with exceflent 
TbeseniorpqshiomfbrwhkhwearerecniitiDgwSalrobe(dlnteiestrosci(icita(striafaiitgtotraiisferat Partnendrip 
level and it. ia recog n ise d that app li ca nt* for there positions wifi have expectations of Ptetnership. 

Phare write wMk HI CVs ta James HoUer. gra»p Wrfcrti. 183 OraoM Street; London fid 


Thames Valley 

We are retained by a su bs t antia l comme rc ia lly baaed 
practice of soticaon; m a nearby Thames Valley town 
whose growth has reSeoed the rapid expansion of the 
area brand paraoilariy to the micro electronic and 

computer based industry. They seefc- 

A semor solicitor with at least 2-3 years post 
qualification experience to do general wen with an 
itiCT #«gm g mipnami on m nm wnr ia l litipliftn 

An experienced solicitor with at least three 
years commercial conveyancing experience since 


A sobdtp r other whfa at least one ye ar’s post 
ay experience or moffi pBctotiy 
whose articles were conmwiaafiy based. 

All three posi t i o ns offer attractive salaries with 
exceOem career prospects. AH replies wifi be 
forwarded *o oor cfieiiL Please indicate any Snos to 

whom yon do not wish to apply. Please write in 
confidence to Michael Hogjben at the address below. 

& Touche Ross 



Qj nahtg fyara jil u fc f ispwtl 

Hayes, Middx. Attractive salary + car 

Argyll Stores Lkn iced, pvt of the Argyll Foods Group. Is 
firm lyesnbl idled as one of the UK's largest food read Ing 

Ac the Head Office In Hayes, our Legal Department provides 
a oai iiprriiw B h^.iii4ioi«reoxn«nereidoaiiwy an dngtenncB 
to the rrafl dlvtstons of the Company ^ To meet Increased 
demand, rm nowr wub to reorulr an add lUonaloonueyanaer 
whowdl assume res p ons a >HitylbrtheoaiTiplexttles of our 
tWlo ugedw mrfa an bwohemera in die site 


acquisitions so vital to our development programme. 

Uediy dwsuocessfid appUam wff) be a SoUdur or Legal 
Executive, aged mid TVs. wftfi a minimum of two years’ post 
admteWn experience m commerelal conveyandngand wfll 
see thtteian exceptional opportunity to develop theb’Qreec 
An attracovesataiy will be offered plus benefits rapected 
frtxnahrgeand suoxss&d company todudinga company oc 
To appijc please write with (uB career details to: 
Chri stin e Mannd, Hec mi tinent M int g u, 

Argyll Stores limited. Argf II Haase, 

MHIIngton Road, Hqws, Middlesex UB34AY 
lol: 01-848 8744. 



Three d eman di ng and cri me ngwg post* are avafaMe tortte 
rigra applicants. For persons who have ex p erience o I court 
wort and are SoUcuo ra or Barrtatara trie maxtnum setenr ta 
£13.134 (unqualified £lij81k the nwdman lor batnaas Is 
£9.894 if abb to take courts (£6.753 if not). 

Further dataHs by tetophooB - 0332 3Z8ZZ or writK 

John Breton, 
Oetic to trie 
Cant D wwat 

Street, Derby. 




We are an oW estabfished but forw ard kx>Mng firm. We 
are expanding par ticularly in Corporate and Commer- 
cial work m both B ir ming ham and the fete of Man. 
A young amOhioiia and commero ia ify minded eofieflorie 
required tor our Comro er dai Department AppScants 
tdeafly should have post admission experi e nce in this 

There vriB be a competitive salary and prospects for the 
right person. 

Please write with fufl (totals to: 

Charte* JJB. Hint 

43 Carman street, Bmanglunn S2 5EQ 


The Legal Department or Die Nettorad ooW BoenTs W«m- 
«rn Area reoolnet a Solicitor salary range £10.766 to 
£19.234) baaed at Antiereon Hottae. Lowton. near War- 
rtngtoi. Cheshire. 

The sooceaa fu l M PUcan t ts Hkety to be yotng and wm 
have both a good acadentir record and broad emertence. 
Recently adnrittwi anpucant* win be considered. . 

A wide range of ctaBenglnB work teoCfwed In the PeMs 

flfllW p MBB min ing, m plny nwnl p fe»rm*w^i wvi 


There are good can 
of service. 

Pteroa apply. wKh CV. to: 

Area s ~ _ . . 

National Oral Bored. 

Baker & McKenzie 


COMMERCIAL solicitors 

Baker & M9Kenzie, Hong Kong, have vacancies for corporate and connmerda) 
lawyers who have been qualified for at least two years. Experience in relation to 

merchant banking and public company finance work would be a particular advantage. 
A Chinese language capability would be useful b 

be useful bur not essential. 

Our office provides legal services in relation to both Hong Kong and The People's 
Republic of China. The practice is varied, complex and interesting, and the pace is 
al wavs brisk. Asia is a vital pan of the world economy and experience in Hong Kong 
would bean excellent building block in a legal career. 

A substantial salary, annual bonus and other benefits will be offered to successful 
applicants. . _ . . J . 

Interviews will be held in London. 

Applications in wri tin g withfiiM irarl^ tim vkap 
should be sent to Blair Wallace, 

Partnership^ Secretary, Baker & MOKenzie, - 

Aldwydh House, Aldwych, London WC2B4JP. 

. ,*»■ 


z?'*- ^ 

.? -r-r-; 

-J-- • ~ 

9 1 .1 

' ‘ 3. 1 11 . 


.^*•1 ... 

J . fj -. 


aMsBeo BxmriaMS. 

42 Ifcbfia Sankm M 
Swray 6U15.2MI 
Or WBiAom 027B 686222 



We reqmrefor tmir re rpnnrifi^ TJt4 gnrinn Depart£D£Xlt 

An . ASSISTANT. SOLICITOR with a a iinimam 

of 2 years experience including advocacy 

LEGAL EXECUTIVE to assist principally 

with Criminal work. 

Prior, 74 

m- writing with foil CV. to Leatims 
Close, Norwich, NR1 4DR. (re£ PGNL 

■a m rinr of n4ninuau a yearn 
pwt hTntBIrnWnn mwrkim* 
n w w W rew rei 
MOUn/miii wm Ena prac- 
tice for . vwim war* MM 
CtcMmr Mtarv and rnmea. 
Law Paw w w tw 01-242 
1281 O* m am. 


Berry Hill Road. Stoke an Trent. 

ST4 am 

«f up M B yiwn prn waMra- 

toogtit hv 

OMtitea deed Incfrn Wart EM 

Ita tor heavy 

load- -MgntHraM satiry. good 
MW Ul law P Ufi MJ MI Tat 
oi-sas 1281 lad-manu. 

unumoH - < MaA & . aqum - 

seUcrior aoughe aged aaow 80. 
whb yaan raiw l mui a 

POE- ExotUant onwa timlllrn 
S»Efy ceiBJXX) nhu aunw 
or. TrtwVmnr Skawn Pr m 
Senrfcw - Of «S8 3*28. 


or ttafr.wHUM u munt lo 
prtveW praeM ca . AswUmaa 
o v aM b l i m Hampabtrv. KM 
and IKe Watf Covntxy .contact 
. vicmk. carenliaBbi .0938 
261 85, - 

Conveyancing ei* Lfitgatui re- 
Wdred by Norm Box 

KattyO nub f Laadon txnhn. 
: noivoonuntloa9Haa.aoM proa 
Veda .£24^000 Won 
ConcwanB 0938 2SUS. 

-Wttti acme HUSiOBrer worA for 

JHmnMiv. kwm tirm T» 
- Q938 2S1Q5. - 

East trarawhfc admW d ZfS 
,-yw. ToetSwBOO W Wt Ow 

w. Vrot l in S.ya wr a ^ itecr 
am of Usntimi- To qqjoo. 
MerodWi Scott 01-883 006B. 

Cratisrati hi Rea fp 


r .. 

1 j’A. 

11 “\v 



Appoi n tme n ts 

'-i i£ : - f.' 


■ c\ 








^ , ^^r! iS t h h t0 two Sofid 
Nottingham. “* 81 their * B ~ fc 

. i a tors of 

their office at Eastwood. 

back^^d^n^arr^e^'m 8 ^ 3 fl °° d 8Cademic 

admitted solicitors will be ronsWe^j/ 00 " 9 * 

All classified advcrliVfncms 
can he accepted by lefcphonc 
(e»eqpt Announcements! The 
deadline is S.OOpm 2 dav* prior 
lu pubfiemon fir 5 Oflpm Mon- 
day for Wednesday I. Should 
you wish lu send an advertise* 
mem in nailing please include 
yoor daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you haw inv 
queries or pmMemj reeling lei 
your advenwemcin wee il has 
appeared, please oumaci our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone on 01-4*1 4100. 


TU- r- — '-viiaiuoiCU. 

Board'^foi^tio^^ Tocate^Sf Serv ' ces to the 

v® r iety Of different categories of wrlftero^erecL * A 


concerned with ciJ P |S' e . w, ! f mft,a[, V be 
Personal injury field ^ and SSfUS."' P f , [ IC,pa,,v ln the 
The starrinl . , Mother with conveyancing. 

will b?i?K& 1 ' n ?l? n9B * €U ' Z71 » £20.157 
Mreer aW,i *V required and 



TMdyllnf years aoo 
Van will m* away lo be safe 
Only lor a hrvf trnir 
But you could noi control 

TTir actions M olhm 
TlHiuqn I l or qm Ml MM I Hr 
Maraschino cherry picture 
l r fiw miw you both 
• I Hie you. ■M'. 

NYC 7 1 8 871 4963. Party am. 
Would Like To Hoar Train flu 
thory. If you huvr wnUrii a 
book Uul diwnn puulirairan 
write to. Dmn.TMii '2 the 
BOOK CLIU) LTD. 25 High 
Slrwl Lck is. Suum BN7 2UJ 
OI 3M 0500. 

5^ ^ It ? n - Staff Manager, Regional 
Coal Board, Eastwood 
Man, Eastwood. Nottingham, NG16 3EB. 







Up to £15,111 

2 =B»» Authority covers 

25f£2i5Si5ft!^ ■«? Oxfordshire. 

riv^^!^-J wlalden *^^ Reading, and 
fringes of London In the South-East; fiom 

lo the City of 

J^ton Keynes. lt is a large diverse area 


Poking for either newfy quaftfted or 



SoHrtar, Thames Valley PoHcb Authority 


Closing data 23rd May. 

A** Equal Opportunity Employer 

Commercial and 
Shipping Litigation 

East Anglia 


SHIPPING. Preferably up to three years 
experience in Pane I and Defence Club 
Matters. Charter Party Bifls of Lading 
and CMR disputes to work in our Ship- 
ping Department at Felixstowe. 

Earty partnership prospects for the right ap- 
plicants with ambitions to develop these 
sides of the Practice. 

Generous salary according to; experience;. 

westhorp Ward and Catchpole 

32 Museum Street, 

Ipswich IP1 IJB 
(ref AGB) 


and Associates 
Recruitment Consultants 


We curatOy have a variety o> vsendaa in Crty/Utast End Practices for 
capaMe StaThand 'Audio Sea mtft WP m afl areas at tog*. Expenenm 

not always necessary! 

COW SEC £10500 

Ptooenv Deo", o t targe friendly Cay Practice requres a conmeteni Audio 
Sec lo wric hi Parmer level Log at variety and rasporaWdy tor 

HOHIMKHl I RMl Sri* Ufif tmn nn IfUl Ihnfauntai 

eapenmed Legal Sec. Wfl ban on IBM Duptoywitsr. 


Preshpous C«y Firm need an experenccd Operator vrtft IBM ooenefice 
to nun nwr Progeny Dept WooM tut dedicat e d Op wno enfoys wodara 
at pan at a mam. Jane Renew + 0/T. 


We urpemty regwe SHOHTHAWyflUOK) SECRETARIES wafi or wthoof 
LEGAL and ward Pmcessng experience to ion out trend ly Temp Team! 
we mfl pay up to ESSO per hr 

Pins Holiday Pay + Bank Hofiday Pay 

For me ngta pereoo wB the ngm staBsl 
Lots of hookings n the City -f West End. 
teranedafe Start! 

Call us ROW for funhar Bfonn a bon 

01-637 5277 

Oil Lawyer 

over £30,000 

Senior Lawyer with North Sea 
experience to join large US. 
uil company in Loudon 

\X c have been recruiting 
law-very ter industry since 
1973 and have placed 
law-ten in mevw of" the 
maior British and m ter- 
naiional corn- 
pan ie>. V»V 
have also. 

<ince 19S1. 

74 Long Lane, London EClA 9ET 



of solicirors in London 
and the provinces. All 
our consultants are pro- 
fessionally qualified 
lawyers with 
many years’ 
experience in 
TeL- 01-606 937 1 


Unadmitted conveyancer capable of 
dealing with a large volume of residential 
conveyancing required by Beckenham 

solicitors. Salary according to age and 
experience, but likely to be in the 


of ' £13,000 pa- Please apply to P J 
Castiedine. Wood & Sons, Barclays 
Bank Chambers, IS High Street Beck- 
enham, Kent Telephone 01-658 2266. 



required Countrywide 
for Solicitors with 
staff emergencies 

01-248 1139 

Short and long term 
assignments for 
Litigation & 



Hrbl Faner Introductions 
s AX 14 BNuctiamp PI. SWJ 
Ol 367 6C6& HWlMXCBBralt. 

Mm 30-65 in demand. 
SAURRE CV*S pnHiwtaully 
wriiten and orMured cvoncu- 
lm ito documents Dnub. 
01 580 Z969 

I rod unions tor ute unanacned 
56 Maooon Str-el. London wi. 
Teteonone 493-9937 
(or stall or cusfomrrs. Any k> 
ratvwi TM D734 87?722 
be really oeauuiul (or your rwn 

lly especially tf a prooiem. 
dnnkmg kHed one rmeves 
etrertise and recoomsed irrai- 
ment for Itus Hinna al Clouds 
House which is w in beauiittn 
and secluded surround inns For 
lllustralrd orosoeciuv conucl 
Ttie Ltfe Anew Trial, Freeposi 
Salooury SP3 6BR or 074783 


Rum £?50 .AUesed £200 Po- 
ln wun C10C Leflrrs of 
aiunetinlv wnn earn Male T«S 
OIBb 860835. 



Bubble . .< Hint Tien on Hay I ever 
Neunci Him turtle DeM HT 39 
HnUt St. Pennon-. Worry 
VSRIO 1EV 0386 555566 <24 




7 Win. reneo dining rm Mod 
Ml dU nuclunrs 24 nr oorter 
aoe. opp HarTpdy. L3SO B.w. 
Kiel. TM.SdJ 9160 9 30 M 2bm 



JO BURG ... 



















01-370 6237 


WANTED nr Ste] . June yin. 11 
weeks your 2 bed home with 
doe 0 K 9 L s rd cou«e. loo 
refs, ideal lenairts. (use nut 
£4 OOO rash ohn deoosd lor 
best Oder seen nr. Call 

Smythe at Weytjnaoo 109321 



central London Iron, £325 gw. 
Ru m Town H ue Ape* 373 3 x 33 
LUXURY SERVICED Apart r neiue 
near Sloane Sduore AnMon 
worth Lid Ol -501 8008 IT) 
h'ensinown Col TV 24 hr swbd. 
tlk CoHinsham Apts 373 6306 


ypt CM N lot. [TM 

Fiaraijn te L*(3F t&5 

LajFB 020 Man n-ifl 

NSiroD E3?5 Snguiom l&K 

f>BuTQ E«60 Brao* OSS 

00 5 hcnanai e« 0 
DU'Bom £335 Ransoon E350 
Monciion^ £510 Cabins E<2S 

flows ,««e oi tekgoon 
M Sureltat a Loads* W! 

61-439 21ID.f437 0537 


3 auS?S 23 S 3 KSSSSS 

&i 3 ip«?£ s 

S.-SS W.w 

01-499 5334/491 7004 



... - Lose or Marriage 

All aq». area. Dateline. Opt 
■OlBI 23 An mod or 1 Road Lon 
don W8. Tel. 01 930 IBi 



l*SSyEI?*5 CWUJ » r ^ APPOINT. 
MENTS. The nrafnaxmal legal 
agency for expenenced perma- 
nenl and lefnporary staff at j« 
teseH Hi«n salaries. Ml areas. 
Telephone 01-563 S33S 

US lawyer 17 Butsurae S( Lon 
don wi 01 48o 0813 


perienced SoUchor required to 
bead LiUgatuui Onanncni 
harKlIing mairtmoMaL crUMiul 
and mil mailers. Must be ener- 
oeoc. hard work ino and have a 
sense ol humour Keenapdable 
to expand an enabhshed prac- 
oce. Good saiaiy and nanner- 
smp prospects for the now ap- 
Phcanl. Reply to BOX BBS. 


need Commercial Conveyancer 
EEiJJP 3 *" ar * flUnittted. c. 
£15.000 e 9*11110 praopecB. 
Meredith Scott at 583 co&g. 
iJngnam. Domestic & 
Commercial £g.DOO Mary 
MNeAceord Personnel 0935 

We are expanding these Departments 
and are seeking two Soecrtors to 
specialise in the foBowing fields: 

with three or more years experience re- 
quired for our Ipswich office to 
undertake a wide variety of High Court 
contentious work. 



Young senator Ulxgatton bias to 
P‘ 00 0 Maty Mate. Accord 
Pmonnel 0935 815506 
BUBHT ON. BUgatlon executive 
£XOOOO Wessex CoMuttanb 
0936 26183 


admtticd souctlocs 86-86 To 
£111XX> Wessex Considianta 
0935 25183. 


aumd an tenant Good pnn. 
Undon area. Repty to BOX 
C23 . 


Desks, aoohease etc A Prr 1940 
furntture Tel: 01-605 0148 or 
01-228 2716 day or want 
F A. CLIP Tickets Wanted. 

WlmbMon Tickets best Pncts 
paid 103221 335368 
FA CUP and Wmuitedoti (tends 
warned dHb detwntwes. Best 
prices paid. Ol 225 0037. 

FA CUP FINAL. Wlndtieoon tick- 
ets warned Top prices paid on 
01 701 8283. (Tl 
F A CUP TICKETS • Wimbledon 
tickets. Dougbl and Sold. 01-486 
1 596. 

Ol 928 1775. 


COTSWOLDS general practice a»- 
hedor with young Itvety firm, 
good pro sp ect s £ 12-500. Wes- 
sex Consultant* 0935 25183. 
TANT. Crime Matrimonial A 
Civil. £7.000. Mary Mate Ac- 
cord Personnel 0935 B 16606 
TOR 86. 86 UUgauon 
bias £10.000. Maty Mate Ac- 
cor d Personnel 0935 816606 
Uon legal execuuses- To 
£10.000 Wessex Consultants 
0936 25183. 

young aiwamn solicitor 
£10.000 hews Consultants 
0936 251B3. 

FREE UST ol country vacancies 
al salaries Irom £7.000 to 
£25 000. Chambers A Partners 
01-606 9371. 

•Bve working wimout 
supervision To £1 1.000 Wes- 
sex Consultants 0935 26183— 
don 3. 4 years experience 
£5-500 Wessex Coimi Hants 
0936 2SIB3. 

need Ron-rotueniioui Solicitor. 
To £16000 * P'shrp prospects. 
Mertdun Scott 01-583 0055. 
lor SonNssei country town 
firm. To £15000 Wessex Con- 
HUtap ts 0935 26IB3. 

MONTH AND EAST Devon, young 
UUgatfon solicitors. To £12-000 
Weosex Oomuitanls 0935 

with establiaied Dorset resort 
town firm. To Cl 1 .OOO w« a n 
Consultants 0935 25183. 

WEST KAMPSMRE Practice- seek 
Probate. Trust rra x SoUcSor. £ 
tugnly compel + prospects. Mer- 
edith SCOR 01-553 0055. 
NORTH WALES 86 86. General 
Practice 10 £ Mary Male 
Accord Person ml 0935 815506 
COMPANY LAW EC2 Practice. 
Newly 10 2 years quaUfled. c. 
£17.000 Meredith Scott Ol- 
5B3 0066. 

_ - . 1 7th 

ana 18 th Century renuca fund 
lure inducting the BrauRiion 
Manor detection, made to our 
own West Ooumry workshop. 
Nenteoed. near Henley i049t> 
641115. Bournemouth 10202 } 
293600. TopMum. Devon 
(039287) 7443 . Berkeley. 

Ctos.iQ 4S3> 810952. 

W*f aasHty Waal carpels Al 
trade priors and under, also 
available 100’s extra. Large 
room size remnants under naif 
normal price Chancery Carpels 
OI 406 0453. 

THE TIMES 179S-1MW. Other 
HUn avail Hand bound ready 
for presentation also 

"Sundays" £12 50 Remember 
When 01-688 6323. 

SUrlnmi Exp. Chess. Les Ms. 
All Iheaine and sports. 

Tel: 821 06 I 6 820-0495. 

A- Ex / Visa Diners. 
■HM A R P TABLE. Pousneo ma- 
hogany. 1890. carved levs. 
Totally magniftemi Tel. 01 
9401152 a vv , r 0672 070629 
■WIHDAV DUE 7 Give someone 
an original Times Newspaper 
dated the very day they were 
Tre W -0«92--ST303. 

ble setts etc Nauanwuie 
deliveries. Tel: 103801 860039 
t wins! 

CATC MDERS Any even! inc Let 
Mis. Covent Cdn. SUrhghl Exp. 
WUMMedan. Glimdebaumr. Ol- 
828 1678. Malar credli cards. 
HMH l rnO M, CAT*. Start ighl 
E». Chess. Les Mis. AD mestrr 
and SPOIL Td 631 3719. 637 
17X5 AH malor credli cods. 

case brauuidly hand made 
r*PUC»- EX Works 0225-24662. 

Bougtil ana Sold. Tetepnone . 
Ol 93 00277 >01-930 0698. 

WIMKLOMNL 2 Debentures 
1986-90. (or sate as a pair Of- 
fer* Invttea. Tel: Ol -730 7601 . 

Bought and sold. Td 01 -881 
3347 or Ol 791 2286. 

tickets for sale. Td Ol 4 

01 431 2101 or 436 0974. 







Sole Pr a c ti tioner 

Wtcamm Gorkootxa THe. *>- 
agn namra) only £8J5 per sq yd 

+ VAT. Wool mm Beftsr urpeu 

[ 4m nude Hessian tecta) 

ya ♦ VAT. Wide nocks 

Seeks an assistant ante and 
willing 10 be prepared fora 
profitable succession In a 
few years Ume. 

DJ. Sorgtnson. 

Stowmarkel IP14 IDH 

Ml Mbaa Head. 

Pams Grass, SW&. 

| Tel: 01-736 75S1 

Free esanatas-Ejjwt hnmg 

NWC Newly trfurn or R flat 
Mansion Mock, war, onaruu 
luliu-n 3 beds, reepf. k A b. 
CH lep wc- suit prof sharen on 
CO let. £200 pw Greene 6 Co 
Ol o2S 8611 

prevTigtous block private 

show er> cooking [annum, 

room Venice Smote £60 o w . 
douMe £96 p w Td. 01-370 
1 572 

KENSINGTON W8. 2 muis High 
Vi tube, m f. share owner-, rial, 
own bathroom lelepnonc 
£66 pw Inc Tri 01-937 6632 
■after -tom 1 

MABB4 VALE, jecdrv) l 

vhare luxury flat. Own room 
own hdhroom £70 pw- incl 
Tri Coela. 'OHlrel 493 8000. 

1 Home 1 3ut> 1758. 

ST JOHNS WOOD. Lux bed Miring 
room 10 M. Suit pn» person 
hi ihapv 4. iranwon Avail 
12th May £55.00 p.w Ol 289 


sea Snare native Own larne 

room £4o p.w. Prof onb . TeL 
Ol 228 5031 

CLAPMAM Prof male lo share ige 
muted is. o-r. grn. 2 balhs. w 
m c. £160 pm inc Ctapham 
Snulh Tube 350 2125. 
FULHAM. 2 Persons 10 ahr large 
rm in mod ninny dal ptu& lux 
kn 2Mrm.lube,bm Caopwpo 
+ dep. Tel: 366 8978 Eves 
romAN Young Prof m to shore 
mixed Me. £1 20 pm * bills 
629-9292 x 3161 day. 736- 
0124 after 6 pm. 

bain rm In owner ocr man. 
Snrrlrge kit and gard. N -s. css 
P w- Inc. Tdi34l 7336 after 7 
LONDON NIB 2nd professional 
female for own rm in spacious. 
Pteusam. mixed, no smoking 
h ouse £ 40 pw Ind 806 2298 

WANTED Prof F imp I went 

seeks flat house snare. Central 
London Tel: 01-489 0492 Of 
dee noun 

CAMBERWELL a. rsti nil other] 
£150 TQM plus Nils N/S Prof 
F 326 1645 7pm 
CHISWICK 3rd person. O-R. lux 
flat. Avail 6 mliK £30 pw excL 
551 7242 lDl-747 0806 f£l 
CLAPHAM. prof m.» snare houve 
or. £123 OO pan excl. Td 01 
228 5978 1 evenmgxj 
CUBMNWOL EC1. Loe o/r 
lux Geo ha £70 pw inc all mod 
cons 01-251 9806. 

FRUO-A-FIAT fSharingr Rental) 
homeowners no fee. 36 Kin 
Rd. SW3 01-384 8012 
FULHAM 2 shr rm to large lux 
lur. all lacs and gdn £140 pp 
prm TefOl -736 6980 
FULHAM Prof. M . F N/S O-R 
conn flat £165 pem excl. Tel. 

Ol 381 1079 after 5 30 pm 
HKHGATE rube ProfN-S. O. R. 
in CH flat wUh gdn. £40 pw 
esq 444 98 70 pm. 
KEMflNCTOH. large room In lux. 
hoUte N/S £4Epw mef TeL 
Ol 70 1 6534 

tevii 1 MG mu, profm. o. r ioml 
matsanelie. Ch. non smkr. 
£225 pm TM. 2 29 7062 
PARSONS GREEN own room in 
ant hse. an racs. £200 pan 
Tel.OI 736 5980 
3RD PERSON lo vhr luxury 
house ui Chiswick £46 pw. 

Tel 01 994 3896 After 7pm 
SWIS. Second person (house 
I rained), mi. o r. £150 pcm. 

TM- 540 9198 After 7 Pm 
SW11 F for o r. in spactous 
house, all mod con* LtSOpcm. 

TM 223 1793 taller 6 pent. 

SWI4 own room for Prof n s In 
shared house. £36 p.wjnc. 
Tel-01 878 2993 eves 
w -lj*"«ll 'T’l £*0 pwfnrt Lg-rm 
£89 pw birf in hmtpy nse. quiet 
to tore nr lube. 01-387 1699. 

WJ_ Beautrtul] room al top of 
wad. central Georgian house. 

£65 OP pw Td 01-935 6064 
WMIII (ININ Prof F. ms. o/r in 
laodern flat nr BR.Iube. £40 
pw excl. 543 7053 after 7pra 








Bom -Dm 
C aro 

E 4 ® Dun. 

(UK) toamtcS 

fi40 jrcaati 

rao Mil Set 
1330 kuMa 
EJ33 H Yon 
E?ca Seam 
E«0 Sto'MU 
K/O TgXvo 

Tgfc 81-439 3521/1087 












Nairobi JoBurj. Cairo. 
Dubu. Istanbul. Sntaporo. 
K.L DdbL Bangkok. Hong 
Kong. Sydney. Europe. & The 
Aftwricn- Flamingo Travel, 3 
New Quebec Sl Martrte An* 
London WIN 7 DO. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday 1000-13.00 


For Earh Cowl Office. 

rM Pia 






Id «M5I SHfCIOL u* uBOiGul & GSM*. 
teJi iN SOU Inf *. fN&[ <U£i 

| ktilltert0s-0ffM19fj*l*llMADe J4 u Tf6 | 

'Oli'eji B,fu3eT sWNn s lAltS 

if you neve iniuanve. sou 
moiwaiibn and are fully 
wweneM m resideniiai 
ten 1 figs, and believe haio 
wOfV Drinks IS own rewards- 

*t know you'll lit in our 
friendly team Bosk salary + 
comiiiission car allowance 
*I«WIM income C 15.000 
O-a Phone Mr OuratshL 


iOL'til k SluClOwR sN-M !> CHV*Qi 
HSlI^MUGfrs CSiDil BBnx[P; 
*JSiaiifP54[(LC4H AVAfUiI 


Saaoaus cm 11 ibi. ui. porter, 
fit av apetoncts. 2 lesepc. 3 
Beds 2 bams. Designer uaics 
Furn.untufn n?5 on 


Siam New CenvHsnw isi 11 
tel viienor uniqneg neegf 3110 
lumtsmngs 2 Beft ig? recep. 
kit «nfi an aophanus 2 bains 
£32S pw 


Nwtf wcouieo ana imn. nmfl 
II Hu with gan ; Deny, rectp. 
ill. l»tn Fum unium E2?5pw 

01-722 5135 


fc® »it ■:«« oeui k<n* 

01 267 7671 





I : W CiAPP 

For Sales. Repairs. Rentals, Inswuce, Valutioas, 
Mksic. Accessories and all jour Hole requirements, come Ik 

,■»» , -Mciitisi iim» cnrtei 

S Dorset Street, 

London WI. 

Telephone: 01-835 3339 


Laige tel. 2 weeps mtti gas log 
mw. good lot entenannn. 3 
bedrooms. 2 tetbs. Amen- 
ten SMB Icochen avad hen, 
irtaii eS50/500ow 

CHB3E*. SW3 
°»q» n tei n nean ol Chelsea. 

wUh sumir balcony. 2 1 
tefc re* tot. bath with showet. | 

M S SW3 

utwjy studia rial lor eomoany 
kL ElOOpw 1 

Sumy able Pea Hal in conversion 
fteepi to. uin gdn. avail mm. 
!1S0 pw neg Co lei prei. 

COSTCUTTERS ON flights Hots 

to Eurw. USA a mow iv-mna 

Jtons. Dmtomai rraivi 01 ■ 730 
8201. AST A 1ATA ATOL. 





Bnu Travd. Td OI 38S 6414 

C Plaza Estates 



In mortem nmereil block m 
Sauaie gardens close Mane 
Aich brmauuie studio teas 
win luf strwte Avafabfe a 
ms I rum CISC pw 
Hyde Pwk Office: 01-262 5068 


StfTBy'i laigea iiscua el tud aoi m r—n 

v»,,.r-w'ei>'q'«4» 1 )r 1 ja,.a«vpiiijDnSt letentMunto 0 

Worldwide. } 

Hay market 01-930 lice 

FLIGHTS World wmf. 
Hay market 01-930 1366. 

FLKtHTl Worldwide 
Ring HTT 01 930 24SS 


"» «■ teae he ifcs 
* "• l*tw ? Brains Damn. 

Tzrr "'* fibDopw ■ 

, NO BOM. S-toi 

* Wi mw on ig M S 3d As 
eralso lm Saair tinnm iMm. - 



o ratoom aSguhf OytKiB Jeufems ? 

MOWS TOt w UI, LOB) m-m 

"totei IM« pi 


» y 1 wag am NW town emnJ 
» June m 

wi kb 2 Brant untm 2 smn 



m my teqe recta m uh him 
mow isatn renoop. 

■> , CALL US NOW ' 

.'TO SEE BETTER'' f- ; 
{ ^HOUSES b FLATS -S. . 

DttCOUMT FARES Worldwide 
JUPtler Travd Ol 734 1812 

_ £250 rtn. Rome 

£11 Sim Cunioa 01 437 BIOS. 

Scttedtoed nights | 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

‘^^7 £ ^TA*° r ^ ° S 



• NICE • 


Fforn : M,ny 17 * '. 

• Y* FLYDRIV€ ; -'v -Y 




Charles Russell & Co are looking for 2 people, 
riiher recently qualified or experienced legal ex- 
ecutives, 10 join ihera: 

1) To work in tiieir office to be opened in 
SWINDON in ihe summe. 

2) To work m LJNCOLNS INN 
Applicams pleac apply wilh a CV la Mr Cqlra 
Russell ai Hale Court Lincolns Inn, London 
WC2A 3UL Td; 01-242 1031 






A large Computer 
Company seeks lo 
establish further 
con lacls with 
experienced Freelance 
Technical Translators 
working into Arabic. 

Please write with 
full CV to: 

The Editor 
F/M8 Arabic 
PO BOX 121 
Reading JRG20TU 

NOLEX OYSTER. Perpetual, day 
date. 1 8 rig on President brace- 
let. rone rated etaee, BOM dial. 

roman numerals, unmarked 
List 6902. accent £3.750 Tri. 
KM65i 652694 ihorael or 021 - 
236 9547 <tmsj. 

I Wedding Morning Sails. 

| Dmner Suits. 

. Jrang Tad Suits. 
I Black Sockets & 

I Smpeo Trousers. 
ISufptoj id 

from E30 


01-240 2310. 

Early May SgecMs 











* E 71 
V ES6 
If E71 

HEftAKLXM 13/5 b C112 

Rteg raw 01-723 6M4 




Together we cad beat it 


ITALIAN s. £8,500 Dtcritent m- 
m rt unity foe a Bdmgual 
Secretary ins short hand i who 
would enjoy a lively and inter- 
esting environment tn an 
inunuboiui etty Cominny 
Call Central Secretarial Ser- I 
vices. PI 734 8466 

Wt fund over one i hirrf of 
[ a!! rrsean h into ihe preveu- 
iH/n <nd cun* ol cancer in 
I Ihe UK 

Hr Ip lie hi sending j dnna- 

i nonor n«lc a legacy to: 


Permane n t St temporary Bon- 
bons. AMSA Specialist Rec. 
Coro Ol 734 0S32 




J I'.iilli in Hini-H-Ti-rr-i- •• 
lDe]H TTB.S (. I mirt-in S’-VI> G 1 


* SAVE £££'s 
1,000's of seats 

must be sold 










(EST-D 1969) 




British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity 

102 Gloucester Place. 
London W1H4DH. 


More low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

• Fast, expert, high-tech 
Service - Free worldwide 

hold ft car hire pass 

• up to 80% discount* 



Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange 
Map A Book Shop 

TrmrKt*j1rn*r!' % ntn. 

42-48 Erato Cowl Road 
London WS BE J 
LonpHsut (H4U» 1515 . 
EuropoStlU 01-0375400 




STREAMS. fwmb 
and fairyuto craltev. hat hourv 
from Ostende, in the Belgium 
Antennra. The poraHIHm are 
endteto. 4 wealth of acHvlte* 
are offered lor the whole fam- 
ily Monday* from £20 per 
aervoo per week in callages, 
lama, vacation village* or ho- 
tel* Find out more, ask for the 
Beksud brochure front Belgium 
Hemal Service. 175 SeMon 
Park Read. S Crayden. 02 
XU. Tetephoae 01 6BI G109. 
Or L "Entente Cordlale Bureau. 
Dunuraon. Mmuan. Aberdeen- 
shire. Scotland Tel 077 982 
249. Ula 24161 or Contact 
your local Ante travel Age**. 
o w £395 rtn £645. Auckland 
o< w £420 nn £774. joHura 
O w £264 rln £470. Lo* Anoe- 
ta^-w£i92nn^6 London 
Flight Centre 01570 6332. 

New York £249. la £379. To- 
ronto £219. JTairg £419. 
Nwohl £309. Sydney £639 
Auckland £749. Dartatr 130 
Jermyn Sheet. 01 839 7144 
0«NC ABROAD? Alley * 
Wheeler ipeoaine in nrady -10 
wear UghfwetgW » it mural 
suit luMte. hourry 4 octeo 

ssaMisr. f,w,, a 

WOULD me ntgnu. Special 
amg in Ftru « dub q„ a 
Economy to Australia. Far Erai. 

S Africa, usa. Lemon. Faro d> 
Geneva Pnone Travel CerUre 
Ol 666 7026 ABTA 
fligtu* eg. Rra £486. Lima 
£485 nn Also Small Group 
Holiday Journeys. JLA Ol 747- 


LSA. S America. Mid and Far 
Ea»*. S Africa Trayxate. 48 
Mwgarri Street, wi. Ol 580 
2926 (Visa Accepted) 

N/TOHK Miami LA. Cheopeai 
l*r»» on motor U-S. scheduled 
“rnerv Also traroauanuc 
ctianereAfUgMs to Canada Ol 

584 7371 ABTA. 

WOTOLD £796 rewn. Out, 
lr £1699. Pint fr £2035. Syo- 
r*y fr £659 rm. OoJumbus. 
Cutlere Cardens. lODevonsti 
Square. EG2. Ol 929 4251 
CANARIES niERSA Greece. Sun 
Ho* B2F- mndy beacbcv. 3.10 
17 May-on rr £139 m 
L una mrap e 01-441 0122 2«br. 
DfSCOOins IM /Economy nek 

!Sl_ Try m •“** FUCm-- 
BOOKEBS 01-387 9100 
MAY MR BABB In 'nrliey 
Beach Hotel Iron £199 me H B 
5 free w -spares. Hot Turkey. 

Ol 326 1005. 


World wide cheapest lares. 
Richmond Travel. 1 Duke Sl 
Rtcnmond ABTA 01-940 4073 
nranm from most Uk' airports 
Many lale special Offers FaUor 
OI 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
TWBSIA For Uiai perfect holiday 
wun sunny day* A carefree nd. 
kteal Spring Summer Tiuunan 
Trav el O i -373 441 1 . 

AL IC ANTE. Faro. Malaga elc. 
temond Travel ATOL 1183. 

Ol 501 4641. Hontufn 68541 
AOMIE. NZ. South Alnca. 

“** Fare *= 

01-493 777S ABTA 
ECUADOR TRAVEL reclaims to 
Latin America 4 Europe air 
fare* Tel 01-037 7634 ABTA 
LA MAMA 111 gnu Oalwick u 
Murcia Beach Bay Holidays. 

Tel 0432 2701 BS. AMI 
SYD'MEL £618 Perth CS4S AD 
major carriers to AUS. NZ. 01- 
584 7371 ABTA 
£465. Ol 584 7371 ABTA. 



Rrwigwui reudencr in 
Marvlebonr Rd nr Reqenu 
Park 2 recep*. 5 beds. 2 
tuna. 3 WC. ktirnen 24 hr 

£ 16.000 pa inc rales. Fix- 
ture* a ruling* Li&.QGO. 
Renewable 20 month* be 
Tel: 437-5503 dav 
459 4998 avna 

tens. 1 recjrt. anng loll, 
toteten. 2 turns, uuny room. 
nesffy dec. E475 pw ono. 

PONT STRUT SW1 3 beds. 2 
teqju. toeften and 2 baths. £400 

reaps, toichsn and 2 baths, E375 


Td HEART 3 JAMES 235 886L 


■ Lott r*g & Mans tnrmVn t / 

• ' V .' 351 -7767 

KCNSINQT0M-£140pw. l dhle 
bedrm flat in quiet uon Square 
Bngni moo tou-er grnfl nr nai. i 
recep. I A b en A porterage 6 
mniro Co lei Regency House 
Properties 01 937 3 Tjo 

OOEEHSCATE -Stunning, immac- 
idaie 2 Deoraxn flat with dining 
room, silling room, fully fitlrd 
ku. bdin. wc. palm gan 
£2-Spw Philip Andrew*. D|. 
486 5991 

SS High Street, 
Esher, Surrey. 
E»her (0372) 55185 



Call in and -w our evlen- 
see range ol Piano* al our 
showroom arid workshop 
Tuning and 


710737 & 66059 

(STD COM 02271 
CT2 7EB 


KEMsmeroN. m mrai 

Square. Ltnefy brtghl A- 
nous qmd nr dal Newly mod 
Lge recep overlooking qdnv. 2 
due beds K A b. Dish A clothes 
w **h« r *. C h Co lei for t lo 3 
jrs £190 pw Regency House 
Properties Ol 937 3710. 

rial 3 m-d*. 2 rerepv. kurnen 
and 2 nairo > I on suiiei. gas CH 
Chw. All appliances Long lei 
Pre,. £360pw. Tri 01-629 
6102 in 

BATTERSEA l incur* 2 
bedrortmed (tel near tube and 
BR. during week only -sun pul 
« town buuhru person. 
CaoOOpw TM. 10632 >693963 

F.W.CAPP •'Managmenf Sen ice»i 
Lid reauire properties in central 
Mum and west London areas 
foe wailing appliranis Ol 22| ■ 

NbHED ground floor flat decoraied Lge bnqm 
rooms, t dbte beorm. 1 sgie 
hegrm. FT til. bainrm. compa- 
ny m £iaopw 1 yr*. 
AROL ND TOWN 229 99<* 

BARQCTS tune an evlrnslve lea 
oi fine homes fo rent. Central 
London Si Johns Wood. Re 
genu Park A Hampstead For 
further details please call us 
now on 724 3160. 

HEMRY A JAMES Comacl us now 
on 01 23S 8001 lor the besl «e. 
lection m lumuhed fla» and 
houses in mu in kniarmoridoe. 
Kenunglon and Clkrhea 

VrsmNC LONDON? Allen Rales 
iii Co njip a law ^iKrion of 
•Uh and houM-* a\aila^ ior i 
» from £ ISOpla. 





Vamana RCO £12995 

Vamana F*1D £11.995 

Yanuiu FSTO.... _ £7499 

Vamatia FS50 rejM 

Vamana FS30 £4 699 

Yamaha FS20 .. ..£3599 
vamana FX10 (usOT) ... £7.495 
Vamatia FS50 (used] ..£4500 

Free raUoMRifc defverr 
Part exebanqe aad tarafe 

Phow 0926 400027 dav Ume 
or 0926 26983 eveiteqs 


surra btbest. wabwick 


W n tee,. Webnar houmami 
Zrnimennann Ripper. Bentley 
Hooei? itjjjmca. Home; 
Zenoei. ale 

4 Acton Lane 
Chtswicfc Park 
London W4 
01-995 6630 

(Cl noosite Sansbury or Parti 


Highly Presnnoitt. lge lux an- 
nulled rial in a wet res. area 2 
bed. 2 ree. k A a. Pauo A Gdn 
Sud Pereon Seeking Privacy 
£180 pw Tri-OI 883 4116 


•*1*® Turkey 12 berth crewed 
motor yartii 2 wks June 3,17 
£366 uk- tlts.rood.w. sports. Ol 
326 IQOS Aim 2091. 


l S a .C ,<>, r ,tal Lge Recep 
KAD Fully funushed. £170 
pw. Avail July Co Lei only. 
Tel . Ol 629 7777 Exl 3234 
NRfJ P -b btock with panormanic 
4 b«u large recpL finro 
**; *.2 oaths. Inclusive 
CH . CHW £300 pw. Creenv A 
Co OI 635 8611. 

SLOANE SQ Attractive newly 

4r«orated fully furnished Sin 
floor flat. 2 dbte bednro. recur 
rm. il b. CH. hfl. col TV. co 
toL £2 30 pw. 584 5601 III 
W raw - A N Bank uroenily re- 
quires luxury flats and houMs 
from £200 ■ Cl OOO pw. Ring 
Burgn* Esterr Agents 581 51 36 
REHR A BUTCHOFF for luxury 
raopertire in si Johns Wooa. Re 
rots Park. Mama Vaie. Swi« 
Con A Hampstead 01 E86 7561 

KNIGHTSMUDQE flaw houses, 
avatteote now, Lioo-l .000 pw 
Burgre Ol 581 6136 
CHAiK FARM S C 2 M flu. 
fuuy equipped, new decor Sun 
2 Profs. N S 12 mlh min com- 
pany tel £120 pw Ol 267 2708 
own 6lh fir bnghr i bed flat. 
£150 pw uic cn hw tong Co 
tel. W.T P 01 935 9512 
XEKSJNCTOHX Delightful modern 
mews house 3 bed*. 2 bains. 
£#SOpw. Anore Lana uv re Z2S 

KMjfiHTSHHIDGE Superb sludra 
flat wun gal toned bedroom. 
KAR. £200pw. Alien Bates A 
Co 499 1665 


Nr Time Lux I DbJ Bed. Ku. 
Bath. Rrcpf. PaUo. Of. £J 10 
Pw 01-231 -0067 
CHELSEA. Fum flat 3 rooms. 
KAO. balcony, rrdee. newly fil- 
led £150 pw 01 589 4773 
CLAPHAM Pi eiiy soaewus i bed 
flal. sun couple wun co let £80 
pw Buchanans 3SI 7767. 


nave qualm propenivs in all 
areas lo tel 6T7 OH21 


• Piano Tuning * 

• Repairs • 

• Regulating • 
Harem rtwilv Scimwt* 

162 Cteyfudl Arem 
Redbrid g e. Essex. 


01-551 2154 

Deres. m vqtos mobs yw cwot 
P uer 'twnec • sfimas • 


Seem South. A Tame of Troca- 
nv or Splendours of Uic Veneto. 
A -tefeci ino of value for money 
coach lours Afco villas A nowls 
with swimming pooK arid city 
weekends. Free brochure from 
Magic of Italy. Dept T. 47 shep- 
herds Bush Green. W12 8PS 
Tri Ol 749 7449 (24 lire 

|TAHE TIME OFF to Pans. An- 
stef-dam. Brussels. Bruges. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Run 
togne & Dieppe. Time on 2a. 
cjtotfei Close. London. SW1X 
7BQ. Ol -235 8070. 

[CYPRUS Maw/Junr I or 2 wks. 
Hotels/ Apes Scheduled fils. Pan 
World Holidays 01-734 2662. 



roasiai villas High Season in- 
cluding Femes A AA 5 Slar 
Service CxncrltoUbn re-gates, 
■wne dates E T Travel 
<>451 >30927 or 22074. ABTA. 

|UHf rf ANY, Vmas nr oraches in 
best atear Broch 061 643 

4236 Suiuetecl 

JOANNES ideal 2 dbie nearm aoL 
parking. Mm beach town M3 
Aug A lr Nm . oi 435 6881. 



CORFU AND PAX OS secluded 
cortagn and villas in due 
groies near lo sandy Oraches. 
Special offer May 13. 20. £169 
inriusrvr Corfu a la Cane 0635 
30621 Alai 1879, 

laimly Offer beaurtful pmaie 
mas studios Mam- with 
pools, fbgnis arranged Please 
rinp Ol 9« 4462 5236 
18 May 1 wk £169. beautiful 
villa me GatwicL- rm Work! 

Hoim avv 01 734 2562 
GffiECC. LnoMll Klandg. rheap 
nigws.v Ilia renM>ek. Zeus Hoi 
nun 01-434 1647. AIN Alto. 
RttODESLuxury apt hotel Iron 
£129 p.pjnc. Tel. Strama 0705 


5ome tnjly diffeient and 
unusual houses, from a 
stunning Dim direct or s 
chaieou .nn private 
swimming, luxury oparrtnenii 
for 2/4 overlooking Ag, 
Nlcolnos fiBibour. a delightful 
village house, car hue 
Included. Availability oil 
summer, me. Mav with 
temperatures m the 70s Make 
1 986 ihe veat you gm ihe Villa 
right, and ask loi oui bfochuie. 
Inc. Corfu and Puss 

40TAVTOL CV Travel (*M» 
t Crete Department 
V-i-t 43 Cadognn Street 
— C.'T/ London SW3 2 PR 
' 01-581 0851 

(589 0132 - 24 hr| 
brochure nervier) 

house 3 mm- lube Ek-billnw 
room Lse known, bain, lele- 
pnone C50 per wm Plus 
eteftriCity. gav. rlearunq Also 
sril conloined luwiu-ni nal iZ 
Persons' C95 per week. TM 01 
584 7820 may ume i 
v-narmlng rounlry collage In 
town on nverwto. 4 brarm, 
silling rm. dining rm. study, 
large kitchen. 2 baths, tosely 
garden AvaUable end June. 
Lung Co let C350pw Maskelb 
OI-S8I 2216 

lux flats 'houses £200 ■ LI OOO 
pw. L-sual lees reo Phillips 
Kav A Lewis. Soulh of me Park. 
Chelsea office. Ol 152 Am or 
North of uie Park RKwni-s 
Park off ire. Ol 722 51 36. 
KEHSfNSTON A newly refur- 
bished nai in a substantial 
ponered block opposite Hyde 
Park 2 3 HRs. I 2 r-reps. 
fill BR balh. 2 -hower rm*. ev- 
celtenl value al £450pw. 
Baiueit 724 3160 
greater nexIDiiiLv Ootain vour 
furmiure lor short gi long ti-mi 
lets on our unique tun- sen ice. 
Ring Mr Mimari Nor Pun 
John Strand contracts Lid. Tel 
Ol 485 B6I5 

flal New nigh oualily furnish- 
ings. large recep rm. dining rm. 
arch Id open plan Sil. dbte bed. 
balh and sep shower rm colei. 
Ref JM Tri Ol 629 5K>1 
FULHAM Brampton Park Brand 
new lux nal overlooking park. 
DPI beo. rec Imnur filled kil A 
Balh Video entrance pnone. 
Lse pool sauna etc O' tenant', 
prrt £175 pw 0264 7B15I1 
ST JOHNS WOOD A toiriy bnghl 
spacious 2 nd floor flat in a 
pntlernd block wuh 2 dMe bette.. 
dote recep rm. cornon. k Br. 
bath, sen a oak C3O0pw nru 
Bargers 724 31 60 
WESTMINSTER cvxnplelely repo- 
valed furnished rial Dole 
bodrm. Living rm wtih fined 
kil. bain ro om , washing ma- 
chine OO LET £135 pw Tri 
01 607 5156 01 630 7031 
SW10 1 beorm flal qdn drawing 
352*584! 01 


***" E2I" Warr f> n b»« 

Cnreca 100-300 secondhand 
pianos, all rypa? ana quatmes. 
inckKWkj Bacnsietn. Btumnar. 
Sfrifinvay. modem minis, etc 
FUI ccxitaner loadng sarwee 
'or overseas customers. 

Pianos always wanted 
Tet 021 359 2895 
or 021 354 9078 

47-51 r Obtest Rojo 
UWDC k MVS 140 
01-445 XM£ 


Discount Prices 

Professional Advice 
11 Queens Parade 
Queens Drive 
Eatmg W5 
01-997 4088 


Ne*» and secondhand re- 
rondllioned puuim 
l P> igtil. grand, mini 
Free drill erv. tuning 


4nb tor 
» Chrih Farm Read 
Landau NWI 
TEL 01 485 1555 
Opra 7 day* 


SALE High quality Crand> and 
Longhts Many unpreceoentni 
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Queen’s Bench Division 

Law Report May 6 1986 

Court of Appeal 

















































P 1 









Trustee for sale of house 
is eligible for rent 
allowance from council 

Intention to evict is crucial 

Regina v Housing Benefit 
Review Board of Sedgemoor 
District Council, Ex parte 

Before Mr Justice Schiemann 
{Judgment given May 2] 

A person who was one of three 
trustees for sate in respect of the 
property in which she resided 
and who held a beneficial 
interest in the property as one of 
the tenants in common was not 
excluded from eligibility for a 
rent allowance from the local 
authority under the Housing 
Benefits Regulations (SI 1982, 
No 1 124). 

Mr Justice Schiemann so held 
in the Queen's Bench Division 
when he allowed an application 
by Christine Elaine Weaden for 
an order of certiorari to quash 
the dismissal ofherappealioihe 
housing benefit review board 
against the refusal by Sedge- 
moor District Council to grant 
her a rent allowance pursuant to 
the 1 982 Regulations, and an 
order of mandamus directed to 
the board to hear and determine 
her appeal according to law. 

Mr Adrian Palmer for the 
applicant: Mr Richard Tyson 
for the local authority. 

said that the property was 
occupied by the applicant and 
her two children, and had been 
purchased by her and her par- 
ents as tenants in common 
under a trust for sale. 

Subsequent to the convey- 
ance. the trustees for sale made 
an agreement with provisions, 
inter alia, for the applicant and 
her children to have exclusive 

use and occupation provided 
she paid all the rates and 
outgoings, that the applicant 
paid to the other two trustees for 
sale £30 per week, and that in 
the event of a sale the net 
proceeds of sale to be divided 
between the parties in ac- 
cordance with the trust. 

The review board had found 
as a bet that the applicant had 
entered into a legally binding 
agreement to pay the weekly 
sum of £30. and that tire 
property was held by the ap- 
plicant and her parents as 
trustees for sale. 

His Lordship said that regula- 
tion 8(21 of the 1982 Regula- 
tions provided that a person was 
ineligible for a rent allowance in 
respect of a dwelling he occu- 
pied as being the owner, and 
that regulation 2(1) defined 
“owner" as the person “who. 
otherwise than as a mortgagee in 
possession, is for the time being 
entitled to dispose of the fire 

Mr Palmer had submitted. 
inter alia, that the applicant did 
not come within that definition 
of owner because at the relevant 
lime of applying for the rent 
allowance she was not entitled 
to dispose of the fee simple: any 
disposal required consent of the 
other trustees for sale or an 
approach to the court. 

In any event, regulation 23 
provided for 1 disentidement for 
an allowance where it appeared 
to the local authority that the 
agreement had been created to 
take advantage of the rent 
allowance scheme. 

Mr Tyson said that the ap- 
plicant was one of three persons 

entitled to dispose of the fee 
simple and had a duty to do so 
although there was admittedly a 
power to postpone sale; It was 
clear that she occupied the 
property as an owner rather than 
as a licensee and there was no 
policy reason to treat trustees 
for sale differenly from ordinary 

His Lordship said that the fact 
that the court bad power to step 
in and prevent a sale did not 
prevent trustees agreeing among 
themselves to dispose of the fee 

It was neither necessary nor 
desirable to speculate what a 
court would or would not do in 
the event of an application being 
made to it 

It was common to find differ- 
ing definitions of “owner" in 
statutes, see. for example, sec- 
tion 290 of the Town and 
Country Planning Act 1971. 

Where a statute or statutory 
instrument had its own defi- 
nition it was dangerous to 
import definitions from else- 
where: to indulge in a search for 
the platonic ideal of an owner 
was fruitless and misleading. 

The right course was for the 
court to concentrate on the 
definition in the 1982 Regula- 
tions. and the applicant dearly 
did not fit within regulation 
2(1): if a person required the 
consent of others before he 
could dispose of the fee simple, 
he was not entitled to dispose of 
iL Accordingly, the application 
was allowed. 

Solicitors: Pandoe David & 
Shaw. Bridgwater Mr J. C 
Edwards, Bridgwater. 

Striker’s present income is 
relevant for benefit 

Regina v Ealing London Bor- 
ough Coancfl Housing Benefit 
Review Board, Ex parte 

Before Mr Justice Kennedy 
[Judgment given May 2] 

The reference to "income" in 
regulation 14(2) of the Housing 
Benefits Regulations (SI 1982 
No 1 124) was to income from 
gainful employment which was 
likely to continue on into the 
benefit period. 

Where the actual income of a 
claimant during a benefit period 
was known at ihe time of the 
assessment of the claim there 
was nothing in regulation 14(4) 
which gave the local authority 
power to have regard to the 
claimant's level of income dur- 
ing an earlier or later period. 

Mr Justice Kennedy so held in 
the Queen's Bench Division in 
granting to the applicant. Mi- 
chael Geoffrey Saville. an order 
if certiorari quashing the de- 
rision of the housing benefit 
review board of Ealing London 
Borough Council dated Feb- 
ruary 19. 1985 upholding a 
decision of the chief officer of 
finance of the council who 
refused the applicant housing 
benefit In respect of the period 
from November 22 to Decem- 
ber 12. 1984. and an order of 

mandamus directing the council 
to reconsider the claim. 

The 1982 Regulations pro- 
vide. by regulation 14: “(2) In so 
for as a person's income consists 
of earnings from a gainful 
occupation, the amount which 
is likely to be the income shall 
be estimated by reference to the 
average of his earnings over a 
period ending with the last 
occasion before his claim on 
which his earnings were 
paid . . . 

"(4) In so far as a person's 
income does not consist of 
earnings from a gainful occupa- 
tion. its weekly amount shall be 
calculated or estimated on such 
basis as appears to the local 
authority to be reasonable . . 

Mr James Ramage for the 
applicant Mr Patrick Hamlin 
for the authority. 

said that the applicant was on 
strike during the benefit period 
and received no salary. His only 
income consisted of strike pay. 

His claim for housing benefit 
dated November 22. 1984 was 
refused on December 28. 1984. 
which refusal was confirmed on 
January 21. 1985 in purported 
accordance with regulation 
14(4) of the 1982 Regulations. 

The board upheld the de- 
cision on the basis that it was 
reasonable in all the circum- 

stances for the council to take 
into account the applicant's 
income for the whole of Novem- 
ber and December 1984. 

However, the purpose of the 
exercise under regulation 14(2) 
was not to assess what income a 
claimant ought to have avail- 
able to him. 

The word “income" in para- 
graph (2) referred to income 
from gainful employment which 
was likely to continue on into 
the benefit period. 

In the present case that was 
not going to happen, so that, 
even before the amount of strike 
pay was known regulation 14(2) 
never could have assisted the 
council to ascertain tbe 
applicant's likely income during 
the benefit period. 

That amount having become 
known, the board had no need 
to assess what the income was 
likely to be: it was able to make a 
positive finding of fact. 

Where the actual income was 
known, there was noihing in 
regulation 14(4) which gave the 
authority power to have regard 
to a claimant's level of income 
during an earlier or later period. 
The decision of the board would 
be quashed and mandamus 
would lie. 

Solicitors: Mr K. K. Baublys; 
Mr N. L. Green, Ealing. 

Restriction on Legal test for avoiding 

grants awards 
is unlawful 

Regina ▼ London Boroughs 
Grants Committee, Ex parte 
Greenwich London Borough 

The London Boroughs 
Grants Committee acted mra 
vires the powers conferred 
upon it by section 48 of the 
Local Government Act 1985 
in purporting to restrict eligi- 
bility for grants to voluntary 
bodies to those bodies which 
operated in more than three 
London boroughs. 

The power to make supple- 
mentary provisions under sec- 
tion 48(8) of the Act did not 
include power to introduce a 
qualification for eligibility not 
found in subsection (11). 

Mr Justice Kennedy so held 
in the Queen's Bench Division 
on May 2 in granting Green- 
wich London Borough Coun- 
cil an order of certiorari to 
quash a resolution of the 
grants com mi nee dated Janu- 
ary 30, 1 986 and confirmed on 
March 20. 1 986. that it would 
consider applications for a 
gram under section 48 of the 
Act only by bodies operating 
In more than three boroughs. 

insurance contract 

Highland Insurance Company 
v Continental Insurance 

Before Mr Justice Steyn 
[Judgment delivered April 24] 

The legal test for determining 
whether an insurer in a non- 
marine contract of insurance 
was entitled to avoid the con- 
tract on the ground of mis- 
representation was the same test 
as that laid down in Container 
Transport international Inc v 
Ocean us Mutual Underwriting 
Association (Bermuda) Ltd 
(119841 1 Lloyds’ Rep 476C in 
relation to a contract of marine 
insurance, namely, whether a 
circumstance was undisclosed 
or misrepresented which a pru- 
dent insurer would take into 
account when deriding whether 
or not to accept the risk or wbaL 
premium to charge. 

Where a contract of reinsur- 
ance had been validly avoided 
on the ground of a material 
misrepresentation, it was diffi- 
cult to conceive of circum- 
stances in which it would be 
equitable within the meaning of 
section 2(2) of the Mis- 
representation Act 1967 to grant 
relief from such avoidance. 

Mr Justice Steyn so held in 
the Queen's Bench Division in 
granting to the plaintiffs. High- 
lands Insurance Company, a 

declaration that the plaintiffs 
were entitled to avoid a policy of 
reinsurance placed by the defen- 
dants. Continental Insurance 
Company, on the ground of 

Mr Jonathan Mance. QC and 
Mr Adam Fenton for tbe plain- 
tiffs; Mr RJX. Thomas. QC and 
Mr Stephen Rutile for the 

ihat avoidance was the appro- 
priate remedy for material' mis- 
representation in relation to 
marine and non- marine con- 
tracts of insurance. 

The miles governing material 
misrepresentation fulfilled an 
important “policing" function 
in ensuring that brokers made a 
fair representation to under- 

ff section 2(2) of the Mis- 
representation Act 1967 were to 
be regarded as conferring a 
discretion to grant relief from 
avoidance the efficacy of those 
rules would be eroded. 

That policy consideration 
must militate against granting 
relief from an avoidance under 
section 2(2) on the ground of 
material misrepresentation in 
the case of commercial contracts 
of insurance. 

Solicitors: Herbert Smith & 
Co; Ince & Co. 

Seiran v Camden London Bor- 
ough Council 

Before Lord Justice Gli dewell 
and Mr Justice Schiemann 
[Judgment given April 25] 
Section 1(3) of the Protection 
from Eviction Act 1977 created 
one offence of doing "acts 
calculated to interfere with the 
peace or comfort of the residen- 
tial occupier . . .” in bis 
"occupation of the premises as a 
residence", and the “acts" could 
be done with one of two 
intentions, as contained in para- 
graphs (a) and (b): so that it was 
wrong to suggest that subsection 
(3) provided for two different 

Accordingly, an intent to 
cause a residential occupier to 
give up occupation of her flat for 
the time required, namely two 
weeks, to enable the installation 
of joists between her premises 
ana the floor above, but that she 
should return at tbe end of that 
two weeks, could not amount to 
an intention to cause the 
residential occupier to give up 
the occupation of her premises 
within the meaning of section 
l(3Ka) of the 1977 Art. 

The Queen's Bench ' Di- 
visional- Court so held when it 
allowed the appeal of Harry 
Peter Scbon from the decision of 
Knightsbridge Crown Court 
(Judge Mend! and a single 
justice) on September 12. 1985; 

Crown as 
cannot be 

Department of Transport v 

Before Lord Justice Parker and 
Sir George Waller 
[Judgment given April 22] 

Tbe Crown was not bound, in 
its capacity as a landlord, by 
sections 32 and 33 of the 
Housing Act 1961, and plead- 
ings which averred to the con- 
trary should be struck out as 
showing no reasonable cause of 

The Court of Appeal so hdd, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
tenant, Dimitri Egoroff from 
the order of Mr Donald Sumner, 
QC, sitting as a deputy judge at 
Folkestone County Court on 
July 17, 1985, sinking out as 
disclosing no reasonable cause 
of action parts of the tenant’s 
defence and counterclaim 
against a claim by the plain tiffs, 
the Department of Transport, 
for arrears of rent and pos- 

Mr Edward Cousins for the 
tenant; Mr Nigel Pleming for the 

said that in his defence and 
counterclaim the tenant had 
averred that sections 32 and 33 
of tiie Housing Act 1961 applied 
to his monthly tenancy, and bad 
alleged various breaches by the 
landlords of their obligations to 

The landlords being a depart- 
ment of the Crown, the crucial 
question was whether the 
Crown was bound by sections 32 
and 33 of the 1961 Art. 

li was common ground that 
no statute could bind the Crown 
save by express words or acc- 
essary implication. 

The tenant conceded that 
thbre were no words in the 1961 
Act expressly stating that the 
Crown was bound or creating 
any necessary implication to 
that effort. 

Instead, be relied on the 
proposition, founded on the 
Magdalene College. Cambridge 
case ((1616) 1 1 Co Rep 66), that 
there were some classes of 
statute which always bound tbe 
Crown, one of which was a 
statute made to suppress a 

The Housing Act 1961, be 
argued, was made to suppress a 

But that classification in the 
Magdalene College case was too 
wide to be of general assistance 
and had been wholly disposed of 

inter alia, that an Offence might 
have - more pr op er ly been 
charged 1 under section I(3XbL 
namely an intent to cause the 
occupier to refrain from exercis- 
ing one o Hot rights in respect ol 
the premises such as her right to 
exclusive occupation for. that 
short period. 

His Lordship said that the 
prosecution in the magistrates' 
court had been made- on die 
basis that the appellant brought 
the ceiling down m order to 
cause the the tenant to leave 

permanently; the crown court jjermaneiuly. 

had made it dear that', that 
charge was nor proved. 

The definition of “r es id e n tia l ? 
occupier" in section 1(1), when 
contrasted with the provision in 
section 2(1) of the Rent Act 
1977, showed that the' concept 
of occupation as a residence was 
in the provisions of both Acts, 
and there was a strong argument 

as a reliable quide by Province of of a third | party. The judge 
Bombay v Bombay City Munict- relying on tf - - - 

who had dismissed the 
appellant’s -appeal from the 

Wells Street .Metropolitan 
Stipendiary Magistrate Who on 
September 4. .1984. .bad. found 
him guilty of the offence under 
section I(3Xa). 

Mr Richard Stowe" for the 
appellanuMr Adrian Taylor for 
the local authority. ' 

WELL. in a reserved judgment, 
said that the appellant was the 
director of a company which 
bad purchased; premises in 
which there were a number of 
statutory tenants, and the com- 
pany had obtained planning 
permission to convert various 
rooms in the premises. 

The crown court had .found 
that in respect of. one of the 
tenants the repair work had 
caused no difficulty because the 
tenant had gone on holiday 
while the work was in progress 
and she returned to her room 
after the work was completed 
without problem. 

In respect of another, tenant, 
the appellant foiled to reach 
agreement about alternative 
accommodation in a boiel while 
the work was in progress, and 
the crown court found ' that, 
although anxiety and distress 
Was caused to the tenant over 
whai was said between herself 
and the appeallant and that the 
ceiling of her room fell in as a 

Bus owner 
is not 
liable for 

Denton r United Omnibus 
Co Ltd 

Lord Justice Stephen Brown, 

Lord Justice N curse and Lord 
Justice Balcombe 
[Judgment given May 1] 

In the absence of a special 
relationship or special circum- 
stances a bus company was not 
liable in negligence for foiling to 
prevent an unauthorized third 
party driving its bus and causing 
damage to the plaintiff 
The Court, or Appeal so held, 
dismissing an appeal by the 
plaintiff Adrian Howard Den- 
ton from a decision in fevour ol 
tbe defendants. United Counties 
Omnibus Co Ltd given by Judge 
Young sitting at Northampton 
County Court on September 5, 


Mr Richard Mawrey, QC. for 
the plaintiff, Mr Peter Crane for 
the defendants. 

BROWN said that the plaintiff's 
claim was for damage to his 
motor car as a result of an 
accident on October 10, 1979 in 

The defendants operated 

Nonto wptofl from 

M 001 PMkmtor ama of 

doors or gates. At night some 35 
buses were garaged there. 

In the early hours of the 
morning of the accident the bus 
was driven about a mile from 
the depot by an unidentified 
person who had taken the bus 
unlawfully. The bus collided 
with the plaintiff's parked car 
causing £600 damage. 

The plaintiff submitted that 
the defendants owed him a duty 
of care notwithstanding that the 
bus was driven by an un- 
authorized third party, that the 
damage was foreseeable and that, 
the defendants' should have 
taken care to render the taking 
of buses from the depot highly 
improbable by securing the 
premises and the buses them- 

He argued that no precautions 
were taken to prevent buses 
being taken from the depot by 
unauthorized persons despite at 
least two previous incidents 
when that had happened. 

The fundamental ..issue was 
whether in the circumstances 
any duty was owed by the 
defendants to the plaintiffs in 
respect of the unauthorized acts 

that it hadthesame meaning as 
in the Rent Act 1977. 

result of the .repair- work, the 
appellant had no intenti on fo r 
her to give up her room perma- 
nently nor had be caused the 
ceiling to be brought down with 
intent to cause her to give a p 
occupation of tire premises. - 
Mr .Stowe, while accepting 
that wh~8t the appellant did was 

an act calculated to interfae .({19311 2 KB 546). and Brown.* 
with the peace or comfort of the . A r^h ([1948] 2 KB 247). . 

tenant moved oirr of her'' 

for nvo weeks. had submitted, to “ 

physically, absent so tong as his 
furniture and belongings re- 
mained there and there was no 
intention u . be pemanexnty: 
absent: see Skinner v Geary 

right to 

idericc. as in the case where she 
moved out. to make it more, 
convenient, for work to be done 
in an adjoimngfiaL . - 

The taa that the appellant 
tried to persuade her lo leave for; 
a limited period did not after the 
situation as she would -have 
continued to . occupy . the 
premises as her own room with 
a right to return. 

Accordingly, the appeal suc- 
ceeded because there was no 
intention to cause her to leave 

There was no reason why the 
two alternative intentions could 
not have been expres s ed in. tbe 
■one information, or even there 
to have been two; alternative 

Mr Justice Schiemann agreed. 

Solicitors: Fremont A CO; Mr 
Francis Nickson, Camden. 

Enfield London Borough 
Council v McKean 
Before Lord Justice Slade and 
Mr Justice Easihara 
(Judgment given April 24] 

A council tenant's right to buy 
under the Housing Act 1980 was 
not exercised when he gave the 
first notice of the intention to 
buy. but, was exercised each and 
every time he took a step 
towards the implementation of 
that right. 

Therefore for applying section 
2(4Xb) of and Ran II of Sched- 
ule I to tbe 1980 Act, which 
excluded a tenant from exercis- 
ing lira right to buy. tbe Act 
treated the tenant as purporting 
to exercis e thav right at every 
Step up to and including 

Aesthetics not 
relevant to 
use of caravan 

Wealden District Council v 
Secretary of State for the 
Enrirounreiit and Another 
Before Mr Justice Kennedy 
[Judgment given April 29] 

. The use of a caravan for the 
storage of (bed and for shelter 
was incidental to the permitted 
agricultural use of the land and 
involved no material change of 
use amounting to a breach of 
planning controL 

Mr Justice Kennedy so held in 
the Queen V Bench Division in 
dismissing an appeal by 
Wealden District Council under 
section 246 of tbe Town and 
Country P lanning Act 1971 
against tbe decision of ah 
inspector appointed by the Sec- 
retary of State for tbe Environ- : 
mem dated January 21, 1985 
allowing an appeal by Mr Colin 
Day against an enforcement 
notice served upon him by the 
council alleging a breach of 
planning control in respect of 
land situated at Coleman's • 
Hatch. Hartfidd. East Sussex. 

Mr Michael J. Burrell for the 
council; Mr John Laws-for the 
secretary of stale; Mr Colin Day 
in person. 


used for purposes incidental to 
agricultural use. 

The foci that an iton might be 
aesthetically objectionable to 
neighbours did not cast light on 
the question whether that item 
was being used for lire purposes 
of apiculture. Section 22(2Xe) 
of the 1971'Act was concerned 
with development and hot with 

The council died Woodspring 
District Council » Secretary of 
State for the Environment 
([1982] JPL ,784) and areued 

Thus ff during that period an 
order was made against him by 
the conn or there was a bank- 
ruptcy be fell within Part II and 
his right to buy ceased to be 

The Court of Appeal so held, 
m a reserved judgment, allowing 
an appe al by Enfield London 
Borough Cotmd! from Judge 
Feartman at Edmonton County 
Court who dismissed die 
council's daim for possession of 
a dwelling bouse ai Swansea 
Road, EnfiekL occupied by Miss 
Denise McKeon. 

Mr Geoffrey Stephenson for 
the council; Mr Derrick Pears 
for the tenant. 

said that the tenant succeeded to 
the tenancy of the house on her 
father's death and was thus a 
secured tenant. 

The coamtfrluxusijtt panel 
decided on August 1. 1984, to 
take steps to re-possess the 
house, out before the council 
proceeded the tenant served on 
them a notice on August 30, 
1984* exercising her right to buy 
- The council served on 
September 26, 1984, a notice 

that the mere stationing of the ' under section 5(1 Kb) admitting 
caravan was by itself susceptible her right to buy the house, but 

land -occupied by tbe caravan 
but the use of the six hectares of 
land in which the caravan stood. 

There was no force in the 
council's submission that the 
inspector shoidd have had re- 
gard to the purposes for which 
the caravan was designed, 
namely human habitation. Tbe 
actuality was that it was being 

of objection. 

However, -in Restormel Bor- 
ough Council v Secretary of 
State for the Environment and 
Another ([ 1982 ] JPL 785, 787- 
788) Mr Justice Forbes said: “It 

was not sufficient to stop at 

the stationing of the caravan. 7 
You had to look further and say: 
for what purpose was the cara- 
van to be stationed? . If the 
stationing of the caravan for the 
purpose envisaged was not a 
material change of use of the 
land consisting of that particular 
planning unit, 'then it seemed 
that no breach of planning 
control existed." - 
If that was correct, there was 
noihing left of thecouocil’s case. 
Here, the presence of the cara- 

on October 10 they served on 
the tenant a notice under section 
33 indicating their intention to 
seek possession of the house on 
ground 13 of Schedule 4 to the 
1980 Act, namely, the accom- 
modation afforded by the dwell- 
ing house was more extensive 
than was reasonably required 

Her defence included a denial 
that the council could claim 
possession or serve notice under 
section. 33. She denied chat the 
accommodation was more 
extensive than was reasonably 
required by her and further 
denied that it would be reason- 
able for. tiie. court to. make an 
order for possession. 

The judge decided that Part II 
of Schedule J was referring to an 

van did not involve a change of *. order ata&htin existences tbe 

use of the land, but contributed 
to and was incidental to the 
existing approved use of the 

The appeal would be dis- 

Solicitors: Cripps Harries 
HalL Crowborough; . Treasury 

First breath specimen 
is admissible if 
second unavailable 

pal Corporation ([1947] AC 59). 

Even if the classification still 
stood, there was no doubt that 
sections 32 and 33 of tbe 1961 
Art did not come within iL 

There was no valid distinc- 
tion between the Housing Act 
1961 and the Rent Restriction 
Acts 1920 and 1923 which in 
Clark v Downes ((J 931 ) 145 LT 
20) were held not to bind the 

In the light of the Bombay 
case the .test had to be either an 
examination of tbe wording of 
the Act or in exceptional cases a 
demonstration that the pur- 
poses of the Act would be wholly 
frustrated unless the Crown 
were bound. 

Sir George Waller agreed 

Solicitors: S. Rutter & Co: 
Treasury Solicitor. 

Admissibility of schizophrenic’s confession 

Regina v Miller 
Before Lord Justice Watkins. 
Mr Justice Farquharson and Sir 
Ralph Kilner Brown 
[Judgment given May 1] 

The admissibility of a confes- 
sion made by a man suffering 
from paranoid schizophrenia 
was considered when the Court 
of Appeal dismissed tbe appeal 
of Alvin Robert Miller from his 
conviction on October 19. 1984 
at Chester Crown Court (Mr 
Justice Leonard and a jury) of 
manslaughter, in respect of 
which he was made subject to a 
hospital order without limit of 

Mr Martin Thomas. QC and 
Mr P. Michael Farmer, assigned 
by the Registrar of Criminal 
Appeals, for the appellant- Mr 
Philip Owen. QC and Mr G. H. 
M. Daniel for the Crown. 

giving the reserved judgment of 
the court, said that in April 1984 
a woman aged 24 was stabbed to 
death in a flat which she shared 
with the appellant aged 30. 

During a number of inter- 
views when he was in custody at 
tbe police station the appellant 
denied the killing, hut after 
being interviewed for the first 

time by a detective inspector 
who knew about his mental 
condition he confessed. 

A couple of hours later, 
however, he said he wished to 
retract his confession. 

An application based on R v 
Prager (11972] I WLR 260) and 
R r i sequel la ([1975] I WLR 716) 
was made for the confession to 
be excluded from becoming 
evidence - a voire dire. 

It was submitted, inter alia. 
that the line of questioning had 
triggered off a schizophrenic 
episode which made the confes- 
sion unreliable. The judge re- 
jected the application. 

The primary task ofa judge in 
his conduct ofa *w re dire where 
admissibility of a confession 
was the issue, was to decide 
whether the confession was 
inadmissible simply because it 
was not voluntary. 

If. as a finding of fact, the 
conclusion was that the confes- 
sion was not voluntary the judge 
must exdude it; he had no 
discretion in the matter. 

If it was found to be vol- 
untary. the confession became 
admissible, subject to the dis- 
cretion of the judge to exclude it 
(for example, in the interests of a 
defendant having a fair trial). 

There was no English author- 
ity for the daim advanced on 
behalf of the appellant that, in a 
case where the only consid- 
eration was that a person was in 
a disordered state of mind (that 
is. one beset with delusions and 
hallucinations) and made a 
-confession, the first task of the 
judge was to decide whether the 
confession was. strictly speak- 
ing. voluntary. 

It was not entirely clear 
whether the true construction to 
be placed upon the New Zea- 
land and Australian cases to 
which their Lordships bad been 
referred ( The Queen v Williams 

O NZLR 502): Sinclair v 
ng ([19461 73 CLR 316): R 
v Starechi ([I960] VR 141)) was 
that in these countries a judge 
was bound to rule inadmissible 
a confession obtained when an 
accused's mind was so dis- 
ordered as to render it wholly 
unsafe to act upon it, thus 
equating it with an involuntary 
confession as explained in DPP 
v Ping Lin (11976] AC 574). 

But. assuming that to be the 
effect of them, their Lordships 
were not persuaded that they 
represented the law in this 
country. „■ 

In R v Marchant (unrcported. 

November 27. 1981) the Court of 
Appeal acted upon tbe basis, 
which their Lordships believed 
was correct in law. that a judge 
here had a discretion as to 
whether to refuse or to admit to 
evidence a confession which 
came from a mind which at tbe 
time was possibly irrational, and 
wbax the defendant said might 
have been the product of delu- 
sions and hallucinations. 

In the present case it was 
impossible to accept that the 
judge had exercised wrongly his 
discretion to admit the confes- 

Their Lordships thought the 
judge was right when fie said 
that there was no basis for 
saying that the confession had 
been obtained by oppression. 

It might well be, as the 
psychiatrist who had been treat- 
ing the appellant had stated, that 
in all probability some of the 
questions triggered off 
hallucinations and flights of 
fancy, but that by itself was not 
indicative of oppression. 

relying on the Court of Appeal's 
decision in P.Perl (Exporters) 
Ltd v Camden London Borough 
Council ([1984] QB 342) hdd 
that no such duty of care was 

There was however a conflict- 
ing decision of the Court of 
Appeal in Hayman. v London 
Transport Executive (un- 
reported, March 4, 1982) where 
the focts were similar to the 
present case. In that case it was 
held that the defendants had 
foiled to lake precautions. . 

However in that case the the 
question of whether the duty 
existed at all was not canvassed 
and the real issue seemed to be 
- whether or not there was neg- 

The latter case was therefore 
not authority for the existence of 
the duty of care and may have 
been an exception to the general 
principle. Having regard to the 
decision in the Peri case the 
judge dame to tbe correct de- 

The evidence did not support 
tbe existence ofa duly. Tbe bus 
was taken unlawfully by an 
unauthorized -person and the 
test to be followed was that 
enunciated by-Lord Justice Rob- 
ert Goff in the Perl case. 

Even if the existence of a duty 
could be inferred, negligence 
was not proved. There were 
about 35 buses garaged and 
about 1 10 drivers employed. 

Tbe two previous incidents 
showed a very low rate of 
vehicles being taken by un- 
authorized persons and given 
the cost and difficulty of immo- 
bilizing vehicles the .defendants 
decided not to do so. Cleaners 
and people who needed to move 
them would be interfered with 
and there was also ihe risk of 

Although no precautions were 
taken at the bus station which 
wasopen to the general publicat 
both ends the judge .was right 
that there was no duty of care 
and no negligence. 

Burridge ▼ East 

Where a second specimen of 
breath required by section 
80Xa) of the Road Traffic Act 
1972, as substituted in Schedule 
8 of the Transport Act 1981, was 
not provided for medical rea- 
sons, a fast specimen was 
admissible in evidence to bring 
a conviction under section 6(1) 
of the 1972 Act as substituted. 

Tbe Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Mann) 
held in dismissing an appeal by 
way of case stated. brought by 
the defendant, : John Dennis 
Burridge, who was convicted, 
inter alia, of tbe offence . of 
driving having consumed excess 
alcohol contrary to section 6( 1 ). 

It was contended on behalf of 
the defendant that. as only one 
sample of breath was provided 
for medical reasons, that being a 
reasonable excuse, tbe result of 
tbe first sample was not admis- 
sible in evidence under section 

10(2). and that where a driver 
was required to provide a 
specimen of blood in . the 
circu m sta n ces prescribed by sec- 
tion 8(3)13), that request re- 
placed the ones ; to give 
specimens Of breath! 


. rejecting those submissions, 
said that It was necessary to look 
at wfaat transpired in the instant 
case: there was a provision of 
one specimen of breath and a 
failure to provide a second 
specimen which was based upon 
acknowledged and accepted - 
medical reasons. 

In those circumstances and 
bearing in mind the fact that 
that court had on a number of 
occasions held that where only 
one sample of breath was pro- 
vided, it was permissible for the 
magistrates court to take into 
account the analysis of that 
specimen, the justices were right 
to beiieye that they were bound 
by section 10(2) to .take into 
account that breath analysis . . 

time the right to buy was 
- admitted and thus it was not 
right to say that the right to buy 
could not be exercised. She did 
not decide the questions of 
reasonableness - of the court 
making an order and the extent 
of .the accommodation. 

According to the usual legal 
terminology an ordinary option 
to purchase was. commonly 
regarded as being exercised at 
the moment when notice was 
first given of tbe donee's imen- 
tion to exercise the option. 

- Correspondingly, on a first 
reading of section 2(4Xb) it 
could be thought that the 
tenant's right to buy must be 
exercised for the purpose of that 
subsection at tbe moment when 
he served his notice under 
section 5 (which was also the 
relevant time for ascertaining 
the purchase price payable: see 
section I0(2Ka)) and at no other 

Thai, however, was not the 
correct way to read the word 
“exercised" in the particular 
context of section 2(4Rb) and 
Part. II of Schedule 1. The right 
was exercised each and every 
time the tenant took any step 
towards the implementation of 
-his right to purchase. 

- The judge, accordingly, erred 
ra 'considering that the point of 
law relied on by the tenant 
disposed of the instant case. The 
matter would have to be 
reconsidered and would, there- 
fore, be remitted for the judge to 
try the remaining issues in the 

-Mr Justice Ea sth a m agreed. 

Solicitors: Mr Wilfrid D. Day. 
Enfield; Kenneth Shaw & Co. 

Crown court cannot revoke grant 
of legal aid by justices 

The warnings to the jury to ' f LordJu |. ti 5 e Nourse and Lord 
~v_~- jI Justice - Balcombe delivered 

use much care in their consid- 
eration of the confession were 
more Ulan adequate. 

Solicitors: Director of Public 

concurring judgments. 

Solicitors: Becke - Phipps. 1 

Northampton:' Hardman 
Cernick & Co, Northampton,. 

Regina » Huntingdon 
Magistrates’ Court, Ex parte 

Before Lord Justice Glidewell 
and Mr Justice Schiemann 
[Judgment given April 22] 

A legal aid order made by the 
. magistrates' court could only be 
revoked on the grounds set out 
in section 31(1) of the Legal Aid 
Art 1975 and section 9(3) of the 
Legal Aid Act 1982, the Queen's 
Bench Divisional Court. held. 

The coungranted an applica- 
tion by Christopher Simon. 
Yapp for judicial review by way 
of an order of certiorari to quash 
an order of the Huntingdon 
Magistrates' Court purporting 
to revoke a legal aid order dared 
June 3: 1985 and granting a 
declaration that the applicant 
was and had at ah times since 
June 3, J985 been legally, aided 
for the purpose df an appeal to 
the crown court. .- 
The applicant wished to ap- 
peal to the crown court against - 
his conviction by the Hunting- 
don Justices of. assaulting, a 
police officer in the execution of 
his duty . at Brington - A 
Molesworth, Cambridgeshire. 

.His solicitor applied to* the 
magistrates' ; cOurt forleffiaLaid 
for the purpose of^ the 
applicant's appeal and received 
a legal aid.order dated June 3, ' 
1985, bearing the. facsimile of 
the' signature of the clerk ‘of the 
court ar d purporting to .grant 

purpose of his appeal to -the 
crown court. 

The . solicitor was then - in- 
formed by the chief clerk of the 
Peterborough Crown Court that 
the justices ought not to have 
granted legal aid for the appeal 
and received from the. deputy 
clerk to the justices an order 
dated July 5, revoking from that 
date the legal aid order on the 

lam be given legal aid so it 
followed that a potential appel- 
lant might apply either to the 
magistrates' court or to the 
crown court as he chose. 

: if he . applied to the 
magistrates* court, that court 
and 7 only that court coukl deal 
with the application. No other 
court had power to do so. The 
crown court had DO power to 

ground that the application had ' consider or deal with or take 
never been considered and ihc over tbe. application. 

order was sent out because ofa 
clerical error. 

Mr David Lamming for the' 
applicant; the respondent did 
not 'appear and was- not repre- 
■ semecL 


. GLIDEWELL said that the law 
was found in section 28 of the, 
Legal Aid ' Act . 1974 and the 

Legal Aid in Criminal Proceed- 
ing^ ( General J Regulations (SI 

The duty of determining an 
application for Jegai aitf to 
appeal to the crown court, where . 
the application was made to .the 
magistrates' court, was placed 
on ji justice of the peace or the 
justices’ clerk or a person duly 
authorized by the justices' clerk 
to act an his befaaff 

There was no doubt that the 
application, to the magistrates' - 
court, was entirely properly ' 

Tbe crown court could not of 
its own motion direct the 
magistrates' court to forward 
applications nor bad any 
application been made to the 
crown court. - - 

There were only three 
grounds on which a legal aid 
order could be revoked. The 
reason given -was not a valid 

The document purpo rtin g to 
be a revokation order was or no 
effect and would be quashed. 

■ The material before the court 
left the court m a state of 
uncertainty about the validity of 
the legal aid order.- Since the 
revofcarion order fen to- be 
quashed there was a valid legal 
aid order and unless and until 
steps were taken to have it 
quashed, it would be a perfectly 
valid, and effective Inal aid 
order. Accordingly the declare- 

i-.’ ,v 

r- he- 

's. ■* 

- n ». 

!« Ir- t 


-- -» ,r. 

6 z te '- ‘ ■ 

?. t j 


* * ... ■ 

- ‘Vjt., 

' *• '•>. ’• 

made.- The 1974 Act said in :. h'on sought would be granted. 

terms that . either the 
magistrates' court or the crown 

legal aid to the applicant for the . court might order that an appd- 


/Mr Justice Schiemann agreed- 
* Solicitors: Gotelee ’& Gold- 
smith, Ipswich. 


, j. 






V '• • 





> iif; 


_-:i; .• 

*!+*■ •’ 




35 - 


Improving Beldale Star 
should maintain 
Harwood’s momentum 

Guy Harwood’s 
Pulborougb stable firing on all 
cylinders now, no one should 
be surprised if the Dalhani 
Gteftfr Vase is won by 
Beldale Star on the famous 
Koodeye course this afternoon 

I was most impressed by the 

way that Beldale Star won the 
Blue Riband Trial Slakes at 
Epsom 13 days ago. While 
conceding that his opposition 
this afternoon is unquestion- 
ably more talented. the feci 
remains he has won over a 
mile and a half, and acted well 
on a sharp turning course into 
the baigain. 

Flying Trio made a lot of 
friends when he won the 
Gerry Feilden Stakes over 
pine furlongs at Newmarket 
last month. But today’s dis- 
tance represents uncharted 
territory as fer as he is 
concerned, and I believe that 
Beldale Star has the better all- 
round credentials. 

Being by Blakeney, and out 
of the mare by Busted, from 
the same family as Teenoso, 
Sir Percy is bred to get today's 
trip. So the feet that he had the 
speed to win over only a mite 
at Newbury is an encouraging 
sign, and I expect him to go 
welt in a race that Harry 
Wragg, the late fetber of Sir 
Percy’s trainer, Geoffi always 
used to favour. 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 

Danishgar win be trying to 
emulate his sire, Shergar, who 
won the Vase in 1981. Michael 
Stoute, his trainer, dearly 
does not accept Danisfagars 
bad performance in last 
Wednesday's White Rose 
Stakes at Ascot as a true 
reflection of his ability, and I 
wul not be surprised if he 
instructs Walter Swinburn to 
go out in from from the start, 
and try to make all the 
running this afternoon. 

However, after three fail- 
ures — two last year and one 
this — the time has surely 
come to wonder whether 
Danishgar is simply a raorn- 

npt be good enough to win the 
big race even ' with his 
maiden’s allowance, Barry 
Hills, his trainer, and Brent 
Thomsonjns jockey, can still 
enjoy the day by fending a 
double whb Baby Sigh (2.45) 
and Esquire (4.45). 

A useful horse on his day. 
Baby Sigh has been hurdling 
with Nicky Henderson this 
season. Now the feeling is that 
he will be better suited by the 
much shorter distance of the 
Holston Dial Pfls Handicap. 

Esquire certainly ran- wdl 
enough in the City and Subur- 
ban Handicap at Epsom to 



long trip 
pays off 


Prideaux Boy gave Graham 
Roach, the Cornish permit 
holder, and Michael Bowlby 
their biggest successes when 
capturing the Swinton Insur- 

g inc 

a net Brokers Trophy Handicap 


it>£ glory, a horse who goes 
brilliantly ax borne bux never 

Results, page 3<5 

Surprise package: KaBumr (right), a 33-1 chance, wins Kempton’s BCA Union Jack Handicap (Photograph: Keith Dobney) 

as well on the track. In the 
second of his two races as a 

two-year-old, he was beaxentry 

Nomrood at Newmarket. . _ 
towards, Nomrood went on 
to run well in the William Hill 
Futurity at Doncaster, where 
be was beaten by Beldale 
Star's stable companion, 
Bakharoff. For Nomrood, 
today’s race will be the first 
since then. 

Many eyes will also be on 
Sirk to see how he feres in this 
company, having finished 
third to Shahrastani, the Der- 
by favourite, and Bonhomie 
in the Classic Trial at 

While Jumbo Hirt should 

suggest that the Ladbroke 
Racing Handicap is his for the 

John Winter is another 
trainer who has doubly good 
prospects at Chester today. On 
41b better terms, Au-Dessus 
can take his revenge on his 
Newbury conqueror, 
Stephen’s Song, in the Prince 
of Wales Handicap, while his 
stable companion. Old 
Domesday Book, is fended to 
give Lord Derby, the owner, 
his second taste of success in 
the Grosvenor Stakes in as 
many years following Range 
Rover's win in the race 12 
months ago. 

On the jumping from, the 
main interest at Kempton 
Park this evening is likely to 
be how the runners trained by 
Fred Winter and his former 
assistant, Nicky Henderson, 
fere. Winter is stiB in with a 
chance of becoming the lead- 
ing trainer under National 
Hunt rules this season, and 
were he to do so, it would be 
for the ninth time. 

However, Henderson is cur- 
rently in the lead in his quest 
to win it for the first time. 
Today, the odds just seem to 
favour Henderson, who could 
end up with two winners to 
Winter’s one. 

There will be no more 
interesting contest than the 

BMW Series (Qualifier) 
Novices’ Chase, which will 
feature a fancied runner from 
each yard with Whitsunday 
representing Henderson and 
Gold Bearer, Winter. 

Whitsunday did this col- 
umn a good rum when he ran 
and jumped so well at Ascot 
last month.and he is napped to 
score again. Earlier in the 
evening, his stable compan- 
ion, Am Waslaawi, is expect- 
ed to go well under Steve 
Smith Eccles in the Femeley 
Novices’ Hurdle. 

Later, though. Fifty Dollars 
More can daw back some of 
the lost ground for Winter by 
winning the Alkera Handicap 

Pennine Walk strolls in 

A gamble on Patriarch from 6- 
1 to 7-2 favourite went badly 
astray in the British Car Auc- 
tions JnbSee Handicap at 
Kempton Park yesterday. The 
coll flattered briefly on the turn 
for home, but John Dunlop's 
fears that the ground was too 
fast for the colt were born ont as 
be finished ont of the first six. 

The race was dominated by 
the two top weights, with Pen- 
nine Walk leading inside the 
final fnriong under Steve 
Canthen to beat Bold Indian by 
threeqnarters of a length. A £1 
dual forecast on the first two 
paid £1,974.40. 

Pennine Walk may now go to 
Newbury on Friday week for the 

Lockinge Stakes, although 
Jeremy Tree, the trainer, may 
opt Instead for a group three race 
abroad. Pennine Walk's Royal 
Ascot target wiD be (he Qaeen 
Anne Stakes. 

KaJkoor, J4th of the 15 nsm- 
ners in a handicap at Kempton 
last time ont, silenced the big 
Bank Holiday crowd when com- 
ing with a late challenge to 
record a 33-1 surprise in the 
BCA Union Jack Club 

The lightly-raced colt, whose 
only previous win was as a two- 
year-old at Sandown in 1984, 
was bought ont of Michael 
Stonte’s stable for 5^00 guineas 
at Newmarket’s Autumn Sales 
by Mick Haynes. 

Hurdle at 

Laid out for ibis race since 
finishing fourth in the Cham- 
pion Hurdle, Prideaux Boy 
cruised up to the leaders on the 
home tum but then had to 
withstand a determined chal- 
lenge from Gala's Image. 

The pair raced to the last 
together but Prideaux Boy al- 
ways looked to be holding the 
upper hand and forged 2'h 
lengths clear of Mercy RimelPs 
horse on the run-in. Janus 
chased this pair home, another 
six lengths away, with the 
favourite. Jobroke. who never 
got into the race, back in tenth 

Roach, who has a bacon 
processing business, explained 
that Prideaux Boy had had a 
seven-hour journey from his Si 
Austell stables. The gelding 
travelled to Haydock on Friday 
night and had a gallop on the 
course after raring on Saturday. 

“He jumps fences well, but 
I'm still undecided whether to 

send him chasing next season. 
There is no point in risking him 
if he can still pick up hurdle 
races like this one.” Roach said. 

Bowlby. who is attached to 
Nick Henderson's Lam bourn 
stable, said: “I had only one 
anxious moment — at the last 
hurdle on the far side. He began 
to idle so I gave him one 
reminder and brought him wide 
to race by himselfin the straight. 
He likes it that way." 


Going: good to soft 
Draw: low numbers best 

2.15 LILY AGNES STAKES (2-Y-O: £3.007: 5f) (6 runners) 

,M 21 ARAPtn (D) (P BtMrfce) K Efrasssv 9-3 SWMMnft* 


. good to soft, Apr 16, 7 ran). 







&45 PRINCE OF WALES HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £3*934: 5ft (11) 

Ar apM. 11 -A My Imagination, 4-1 Abuzz, 6-1 Aston Lass, 10-1 Panboy, 12-1 

402 001110- 

406 000440 

407 4000-00 
*06 1002-08 

409 381164 

410 410166 

411 00-10 

413 4000-11 

414 042210- 


chomps dBL 


J RaidB 

soft, Apr l& 9 ran). 
Foui Latte 

Abu Khamsin) J Mntar 68. 
GOtrs ISLE (m o Bray) U h EaaMy 
PLATME (GonSan 8kxxtStock) R Simpson 8-®J 
STEPHEITS SOHO m (T NttMfann) H Vkxm (2 
QAMCWG SARAH (□) (Cheshire TatSngjkjjlM 


— S Dawson (3)1 
Hay* Jonas 

7-12 D WHans (7) 2 

CAPEAUtJTY POUND (D) (M RxikQ N Bycroft 7-11 M IHrfiwdSM ffl 7 

MnMQ B Mc4lahon7-7 (7 bx| J Loan 3 


10-1 Ptattos, l4^1oSemI 

MTrne Nora, 11-2 Capeabtty Pouid. 7-1 

(8-10) 3K) away 9ft of 12 (5f. El, 198. good to firm. Sep PLATME behind 
Kay at Sandown; prevtoudy (8-11) beat Comm* Lad (9-5) at LhufleU (61 
^^^0S0fLta^1^«^mBMDramaj8^be« Rove (67) kl at 

if (9-2) 4 Kt back in 6ft 

2.15 My I 

Chester selections 

By Mandarin 

tion. 2.45 Baby Sigh. 3.IS Beldale Star. 3.45 Ao- 
Domesday Book. 4.45Esquire. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Abnzc. 2.45 Come Ga The Blues. 3.15 Flying Trio. 3.45 Au- 
Dessus. 4.15 OkbOoraesday Book: 4.45 Sharp Noble. 

By Michael Seely 

3. 1 5 Flying Trio. 4.45 SHARP NOBLE (nap). 

. . 1 SARAH (7-7) 

JflO-l)atWoimrtianiptonfSr. £1^12. good, Oct 

fe. CAPEABHJTY POUND (9-7) beat SonnaneM (B-1 1) VI at Ayr (9f. El .666. good to raft. 
Apr* Start. IMPAUL LASS (87) VI Warwick winner from Locft Rwh( 8-11)(5». E 
good to mft. Apr 28. M 

| XI Warwick winner from Loch Fona (B-11J 01, El 238, 

4.15 GROSVENOR STAKES (3-Y-O: S3.147: 1m 21 85yd) (7) 

501 48342-1 F0RC&10 (British R6B)S Norton 98 J Lowe 6 

502 Om- HrTXMBtSTDWNMtctWB fo Kitchens) DMcCok] 612 —2 

503 0 nQS>CAUIEM 

504 0-0 UANARHONgl 

505 0-34 ItolRO BOY (fen BSBfftMtanriCMWfem 8-12 

506 6 SHOWDAkIe (T HofcJcroft) R HoHnahned 8-12 

506 0- OLD DOIESOAY BOOK (Lord Daftly) JWmttr 84 

S Canthen 3 


2-45 HOLSTEN WAT RLSHANDICAP (E4£2tt 7f 122yd) (18) 

9-4 Fon»4o, 3-1 Old Domesday Book. 4-1 Keepcabn, 7-1 Uen e nnon. O-l Pom 
Boy, 14-1 Hftchenswwn. 16-1 ShowMnco. 







223300 MCfisnemmd 
030000 MOORES 

otoooo nuMiiiraqi 

021133- SOON TO BE (Pyle Bros tiflBB 

IttOOO RA RA QiRLJR A HtMkigs Ud) fill 
21000-1 SLYER CANNON (Coutira MartOBtmtf R Woa»wu» 

I THE BLUES Ms CPtoHBBjC Brittain 7-0-10 — PHoUnmta 

SEVQWOgdGWtaM444 £ Bridle (7) IB 

MHXL (mom lid) fl Hoifenhead OOfi ; SPeAalS 

HATCH (09! ‘ “ - 

D BE (Pyle 

1 4-8-8- 

S WbitKMhO 

A Roper p) 18 

BABY 90H (R McA*pM B IWl 408 


0240-23 ■ 

00006-0 OlOySTOHJ 
0330-00 MANABBJB 
200000- HKHISl 
002004- GRAOOUSH 
■ 0004- YOUNG BRUSSf 

(K Haydn Jones Od-3. 

4-0-7 (Tex) SCauttwn 17 

— 10 

NCadMe 2 

itJIEpPhe) Denys Smith 5-8-1 
tf) s Bowring W-o _______ 

(N WBSttjrooMM H Eastetby 5-7-8 

445 LADBROKE RACtNG HANDICAP 00^43: 1m 2f 85yd) (T!) 

601 1/M0-00 TMATS YOUR UDTIDOormJJPmncame 4-100 M Bremen (7) 10 

602 #MW- HLL PLANTATION (C^(cMoBer)GWrago7-S-8 SCauthMl 

605 D0HB2 SHAW* NOBLE (USA)tSniadi fclCtOBroedW SM»b) B J ujIJ— , , 

604 448104 ESQUBIECKAbtWtoBHfc4W BTfconmmll 

606 40324) 8LA2E OF TARA (Bi (P Myerscouflb) G PrilChan^GardOn 54K! W Cams 5 

606 14*443 RANA PRATAPtwAi rtict GThcrtoeny) G L mIs 6-6-12 P Waldron 3 

607 3611*6 MASTER UNE (ta D AftMraon) H Candy 584 CflMtor(5l2 

609 020-033 COMMA YJO (BR (J Gfcbs) D Haydn Joins 5-8-7 Jfttf6 

611 308004 THE GAME’S UP (B Chase) P HaRam 5-7-10 THMnt7 

612 000000- MAAS ORLO. Bwmt] L Barns 4-7-7 APmndB 

613 00/0000 POLEHRSnS (B) (R Lynn) M James 7-7-7 R Ra4 

220 2304X0 RESPONDER) 

Haydn Jonas 5-7-7. 
J&wfaUOfl 4-7-7. 

11-4 Esquire, 7-2 Rana Ptatap, Sharp Noble, 6-1 Plantation. 8-1 Trie Game's 
1 nayto.12' 

Up, 10-1 Master Line, Conmayjo, 12-1 cows. 

9-2 LamelBsor. 5-1 Moores Mam, 8-1 Soon To Be, 7-1 Coma On The Blues. 8-1 
Mcoddge. 10-1 SBwr Cannon. Kaaia, 12-1 O I Oystoo, Creeager. 14-1 Mandick 
Adeanhae. 20-1 otoere. 

FORM COME ON THE BLUES (8-5)21 3rd Of10 to I 
AquBdWri (im. £63466. firm. No» 9- SOON TO BEi 
Newmarket pi. CL315. good. Oa 2. 13 rep). 

Wit (7-1 3) at Asa* 


Apr 30. 14 ran)- 

• Josh Giflonf s luck changed at last yesterday when he landed a 
double in the last two races at Fbntwell Park. Apart from 
Comandante in the National Hunt flax race al Sandown Park, he 
had not had a winner since Simon Legree won at Wetherby on 
March 31. Gifford's winners, both ridden by Eamon Murphy, were 
Paddy boro (100-30) in the Michad Ward Thomas Chase and 
WiThana Blake (4-1) in the Brackksham Handicap Hurdle. 

3.15 DALHAM CHESTS? VASE (Group Iff: 3-Y-O: £21,120: 1m 4f 

301 21120-1 BELDALE STAR (A §Otomc»w) G HBWWJd 8-12 _Gja«fc«y 2 

10102-1 FLYMQ TR»(C« George) L (tori 8-12 Bnri Edriwy S 






429-13 SKK 


Cole 8-12 



1 SMP^ffMotoftGWmggO^ 
4 MieSHOAR (H H Aoa Khai) M Slot 
-2 JUMBO tmtSheiftMohenmwflB 



. VR 


l3-8BewaMStw. 7-3 Nonfood. 4-1 F^tog Trto. 8-1 Sfr FWcy. 10-1 Oenierigar, 1*- 
1 SM. 20-1 Jumbo Hkt 


41 winner from Dancing Zets (8-1?) w Epsom 
pushed oid w beatTlsrfMB- 

K tS.78S.sott. Apr 17. li reni/NOMROOO 

and wwned mi 3rd to Bakhercff (94J. subeequently pramoutoto 

Leaders on the Flat 


M Brittain 
G Harwood 
H Cedi 
B Harmon 
N Tinkler 

10 B 15 
10 3 4 
9 7 6 
-9 2 2 
B 12 8 
7 10 4 
7 6 S 
7 4 3 

9 -56-95 Pat Eddery 
0 -9.75 SC SS& 

0 RCoctrane 

9 -2S TNM 

1 4M KDarioy 

3 +2037 P Cook 

8 +1003 DNfchofiS 
1 -4.75 MBirch 

H M 

22 » 
14 10 
14 16 
12 12 
12 6 
11 S 
10 5 
10 3 

12 2 +17.36 

15 10 -2243 
9 10 -18.68 
12 12 -2427 
10 2 -17^2 

9 10 +1225 
3 11 +13J0 
7 2 +492 

stars in 


Inglewood. California (UPI) 

little man in the sun- 
glasses nodded and smiled as a 
crowd gave him an impromiu 
ovation. Bill Shoemaker, who 
had just arrived from Los 
Angeles International Airport 
was going back to work at 
Hollywood Park less than 24 
hours after his victory aboard 
Ferdinand in Saturday’s Ken- 
tucky Derby. 

A man his age — he will be 55 
in August — should have been 
taking it easy, basking in the 
sweet glow of Saturday's glory in 
the “Run for the Roses" at 
Churchill Downs rather than 
speeding across three times 
zones ovemighL 

“I came back so fast because 
Fm riding a horse 1 like in the 
feature today," Shoemaker ex- 
plained as he made his way 
through the welcoming crowd. 

Shoemaker's trip paid off with 
a victory aboard Palace Music, a 
Charlie Whittingbam-trained 7- 
5 second choice in the inaugural 
$209,200 John Henry Handi- 

Mesh Tenney, the veteran 
trainer, for whom Shoemaker 
won his first Derby on Swaps in 
1955, was one of the well- 
wishers at Hollywood Park. 
“They say he’s in the twilight of 
his career," Tenney said as 
Shoemaker rode out onto the 
track. “He sure didn't ride that 
boree yesterday like it was 
twilight That was a young 
man’s move he made to the 

“The man upstairs wasn't 
about to let Jack Nicklaus win 
another Masters without letting 
me win another Derby," Shoe- 
maker said. 

“I’ve only seen one replay of 
the race," be added, talking 

about his fourth Derby victory. 



“I could see just how much 
quandary I was in going past the 
stands the first time. I really 
didn't think I would make it 
After that, though, it was one of 
the best Derby trips I’ve ever 

The opportunity to ride Pal- 
ace Music inspired Shoemaker 
to return from Kentucky in such 
a hurry. But he admitted that he 
was eager to get home and 
celebrate with his five-year-old 
daughter, Amanda, who re- 
ceived a greeting from her father 
on national television Saturday. 

“I talked with her after the 
race, but I haven’t seen her yet." 
Shoemaker said. “She told me 
she has the house all decorated 
with banners and balloons." 
And perhaps a few roses, too. 



SNOWFItE CHAP H Wharton 34-S J H Brawn S 

Going: good 

Draw: no significant advantage 

46 0- SPARTAN VALLEY HUB 3-9-5 II MM 11 

TAUFAST u Brittain I 

404 MABEL ALICE P FtfgatB 34-2 . 

K Dariaj 17 
A ttacKay 4 

2.0 K1LTDN SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £986: 5f) (22 

1 AVtNASESH C Trktsr 6-11 M Wood 13 

2 0 BENHELO MORPETH J Barry 8-11 MFiy 3 

3 BLOOPERS M W Eastesfif# 8-11 SKflighSSay22 


CHUNKY SUPREME MWEastBriw 6-11. K Hodgson 21 
021 HARRY’S OOMMG (0) T Fantunt 

8-11J Canadian (7)15 

JULIO'S LAD G M Moore B-11 Drinar(7)6 

MLLfTELO BLUE P Rohan B-11 JCMmfflia 

0 U-BtK COPY JSWHson 8-11 DMchodll 

0 BELLE OP STARS M Usher 8-8 ._ 

0 FANTWE NTMdarB-8 . 


0 GL0R1AD M Bnttain 8-fl 

00 HIGH TOWN A Smth 8-1 



00 MARK OP GOLD G M MOore 8-8 

20 MOONEE POND M H EastartM 84 

00 MYMABLE M W EastorDy 84 


PATELS GOLD Hbt Jones 84 

0 ROSE DUETT Barron 84. 




114 Muttanal. 3-1 Spartan VaUsy. 5-1 Chany Lustra, 

3-30 HUNTCUFFE HANDICAP (£2,021: 1m 4f) (20) 


3 30/0 STRAT1CARN (C) J FttzGaraU 5-84 A Murray 12 

7 004 KEY ROYAL (l&A) G Guinn 5-9-4 N Rodparv (n 11 

8 3*2- SPBN) IT LASS R Champion 4-9-1 Q Carter (3) 8 

10 304 BOLDERA (Dt 0 Chapman 5-9-1 ONMftolalS 

12 400- ISHKHARA Mrs G Reveler *4-11 OCraggt (7)4 

1* 324 CASirauCME (USA) J Francoraa *4-11 SKanmto«2 

15 0324 SXYBOOT (C) E Carter 74-11 W«xly Carter (7) 1 

16 -300 TniMMON (Dl K Siona 444 1 COwywS 

17 004 SOUND WORK W Bendey 44-7 R Quest 15 

18 304 MASTER CARL(D) MrsQ Rsmiay 

74-7 DLaadbUtar p)7 

19 000- SUNAPA"S OWLEr tC) A JarAsS-6-7 TtmlO 

20 404 RAISABIUJON J Wteon *44 . 

BCreaaiay 13 

21 004 STRING OF BEADS (B) J EmoTOgton 444 M Wood 17 

- jrton 4-&5 

8 Mont* 5 

M Birch 8 

22 0-43 THEYARNON (USA) S Norton i 

23 0000 BAMDORO J MuihaN 7-44 

25 000- DARK CYGNET Danya Snwti 444.. 

26 442 PWWIDOfle P Ronan 4-7-13. 

.G Gamy 10 

MMndlay (3)14 

27 00/0 GREY CARD MBIer&y 5-7-13 
’AM if I 

Hngn 5-7-11. 

P Burial (7) 14 

N Coanortoa 7 

0 SWYNFORD PRINCESS K Stono 84 _ LCtwnockTB 

5-2 HoJyport Victory. 3-1 Spend It Lass, 5-1 Boktera. 6-1 
Casftgkone. 0-1 TnurnrHon, 10-1 Sound Work. 12-1 Ptmwddle. 

4-1 Hany't Coming, 5-1 Moonae Pond, 11-2 Swyntort 
Princess. 7-1 Mllfifild Bum, 8-1 BaUe Of Stars. 10-1 Famine. 

4.0 EBF AYTON STAKES (2-Y-O fillies: £1,707: 5f) 
( 12 ) 

Redcar selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Belle Of Stars. 2J0 Golden Guilder. 3.0 
Follow The Band. 3.30 Holyport Victory. 4.0 
Regency Rile. 4.30 Northern Melody. 5.0 
Glowing Promise. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.30 Lunar Shamal-Gal. 3.0 MuhajjaL 4.0 
R^ency Rile. 4.30 Northern Melody. 5.0 
Hurricane Henry. 









1 MUTWOOO UL (D) E Bdn 9-1 AMacKmG 

1 REGENCY FKlE(D|RJWMams 9-1 RCachrma4 
AIR OF SPRING T Banon A* S Wabsar 2 

BALI DUCK P Rotian 04 M Wood 3 

LEVEL LASS I Vickars 84- 

MWZEN LASS M Bnaan 84 

0 MSS SHERBROOKE M Bleriiy 84 _. 
MV SERENADE (USA) J W Watts 04 . 



R Victow (7) 5 
— KDariayl2 
. — CDwyar9 


_ G DuNMd 1 
N Day 11 

SW«Y GU8RALTAR N TinMar 84 __ Jana Eadaa (7) 8 

9-4 Nutwood LA 114 Regency FOte. 4-1 Marching Moth, 6- 
1 Mws Sherar oohe. 8-1 My Serenade. 10-1 Rose Meadow. 

£2,400: 61) (26) 

4.30 ESTON HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2,015: 1m) (28) 

2 044 COOL OPERATOR RjWMams 9-7 CBamtaftcr (7) 11 

3 013- GOLD CMP J W Watts SJ 

4 120- JERSEY MAID C THdar 94. 





i 9-12(70)0 — JHQfis(5) 12 

IT Barron 9-7 —19 

rrtdar 9-7(7ax). KTtalder(7) 

5 0031 NORTHERN MELODY (6) A Bailey 9-2— P BtoonriWd 8 
7 000- BUCK DIAMOND A Jarwt 94 Thin 14 


4 ISO- PSALRI M Prescott 94 

5 01- LUNAR SHAMAL-GAL GP-Gontan 95 W Ryan 24 

5 MJEX ANJP A Ja rrts 9-< A Ftomtoao (7) 1 

7 400- NEDS EXPRESSA C TlnUer 94 MWoodT 

8 MB HANSOM LAO WHaigti 94 D Nichols 7 

9 300- DOUBLE CHAI(ffl A Jams 94 T leas 23 


8 414 MPPY CHIPPY MWEastafty 8-13 T Lucas 28 

10 000- HUDSONS MEWS MWEastariiy B-11 M Hlndtoy (3) 10 

11 030- AFFAITATl (QER) E tnosa 9-11 MBeecrott27 

12 044 HONEST TOIL R WTutakef 8-11 0NcKam22 

1* 400- OWL'S WAY W Banttev 8-1T R Guest 18 

16 040 MR KEWMLL M ThompHBB 8-10 M Runner I 

11 043 LOW FLYER (DJGOttwd 9-1 


13 430 QUAUTAm KM K Stone 94 . 

17 000- WATERDALE (USA) M W 


20 1-20 BRAVE AND BOLD (B)N 


14 4B1 GOU0I GULDBt M W EdStoby 

9-2M Bhch 'iy 


SKeigMsy 22 

21 400 TARA DANCER (B)K! 

22 000- DAISY STAR PCWvar 8-7 


. AMadteylB 

N DayS 

84- G DaflMd 15 

23 000- DESAREMT Barron B-7. 

24 000- CROWWTC Booth 84 

27 104 HARE HR! P Rdhan 04 

15 030- TWCXYP Rohan 8-10 

8-13 K 

17 000- J&DAIFffP Rohan 8-7, 

(Hodgson 11 
J Quasi (5)6 

SS 040 HOT A PROBLEM Denys SmSh 84 . 

Gay Ka H a w ay | 

19 44-4 IMPERIAL SUNRISE MWEastorby 04 T Lucas 9 

20 400- ISNRYPAOWieaCT Barron 8-4 <3 Carter (3} 4 

22 404- MADRACO P Cahwr 8-2 MFry 8 

23 000- CROWN COLONY D Moorhead 8-2- 

24 000- MURRYL CANNON Mrs G I 

29 004 SPACE TROOPER T FaStiiira 84 

30 0004 MASTER MUSIC MBmtam 8-1 

31 040 KATIE RHOOES R Hdlnsheed 8-1 _ 

33 *40 VALOARNODW Chapman 7-13 

34 040 RAPID FLIGHT G Oldroyd 7-13 . 


BCranlay 21 
__ K Dnriey 23 
— W torn 13 
„ S Webster 9 
M Wood 2 

. S Webster 2 

35 0-43 BELHILL D W Chapman 7-12 S P GufHia (5) 4 

36 040 COLONEL HALL MrsJflamstJan (I0MI 7-12 GOctaa 20 

25 004 SPRING GARDEN N Chamberlain 7-13. 

26 330- LA BELLE OF SANTO Denys South 

4-1 Mr Kewmd. 5-1 Northern Melody. 8-1 Owl's Way. 
Honest Toil, 8-1 Princess Pamela 8 Country CarmvaL 

2B 004 LAHNEM T Faahura 7-1 

7-13 L Chamoclc 26 

7-12 BCrosariay 18 

J Caspian 16 

5.0 DANBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div II: £1,529: 1m 

29 004 FEATHER GML 0 Chapman 7-7 __ S P GrtMtlw (5) 14 
3-1 Gotoan Guilder. 4-1 Lunar SttantaFGal, 5-1 Sew Haiti, 
6-1 Hansom Lad. 8-1 Wow Wow Wow, 10-1 Psalm. Low Fliyw, 

3-0 DANBY MAIDEN STAKES (Div I: £1 ,529: 1m 2f) 

2 224 ASSAPLAW1 Triamaon Jones 4-9-7 A Mumy B 

5 000- ERNIES CHOICE B Morgan 4-9-7 C Prince (7) 7 

7 GREEN STEPS (Sr P OppenhesneG Wragcj^ 

B 42 IRISH HERO (USA) R Shairitier 44-7 B MaS T 13 

10 040 MY HANDS0M BCIY T Fatrhurst 44-7 MBeecrott 1 
13 222- POWER BENDER G P-Gordon 44-7 OOtriHelda 

1 00 ALMISK (USAID Thom 44-7 P Btooofleid 16 

6 004 FOUJJW TIC BARD WJarwB 44-7 

E Coast TO 2 

9 MUHAJJAL Thomson Jones 44-7 A Humy 12 

12 PORTO GRE8I D Chatman 4-9-7 — D NfchoBs 13 

15 SACCX Miss S Hal 44-7 MBirch IS 

19 344 SWCTSPEHDER Denys Snwh 444 —CDywO 

23 00- CRKCSTH D Snuft ^44 LChamodt 

25 0 FILL IWIMPER R HoKnshead 444 — 3 

27 00 HI DDOLE M Naugrnon 44-4 SKNgMnyl 

29 0 NBKY DAWN jRtton 44-4 _Thw8 

31 0 SBC OUT LOUD MW Eastsrby *44 MttmSey (3)14 

34 0 CICRRY LUSTRE JW Watts 344 H Comtorton 9 

43 &- LIE IN WAIT G P-Gordon 3-8-5 GDMfWd7 

0 PRINCE RELKO R J WAomS 4-9-7._ 
STANELLY Hatgh 54-7 . 

B&S ANGEL RHoteKMad4-! 

06BACH REVENGE M Tompkins 444 

R Cochrane 3 
... S Lam 14 

0- 7DSARA H Candy 44 

4- COMELY DANCER (USA) J W Watts 3-8-5 __ T lm 12 


RCurant 16 

GAME SET MATCH A Jams 3-8-8 DWchola15 

40 004 HIDDEN MOVE W Pearce 3-8-5 NCormanoa? 

41 0- HURRICANE HENRY M Stouto 34-5 K BaOtttm (5) 10 

50 02- GLOWING PROMISE B Htfs 34-2 MHHsll 

51 JACQUETTE (USA) O Doutob 3-84 RMadiadoS 

9-4 Assagtowi, 11-4 Powder Bender. 11-2 Comely Dancer. 
8-1 Irish Haro. 8-1 Ernie's Choice. 10-1 Hidden Move, 


Going: firm 

2m 4ft (14 runners) 

1 0000 SYLVAN JOKER m&0| P V*** 

4 0013 MBHRfflWBR A Modrall-5 G Maori 

5 0031 SAN CMU&MBoaon 11-5 — — 

6 2P ANA waSslaawi (USA) N Handarean 

10-12 SI 


9 33 DONA VAN’S CHOICE F «Mar10-12 _ PSrodanom 

— . — — " «■*»> • >»— 10-12- 

7.15 ALKEN HANDICAP CHASE (£2^60: 2m 4f) (7) 

3 1330 EVHETTFWBNrp 11-114 KMoonay 

4 20n FffTY DOLLARS MORE F Water 11-11-2 PSeotta mure 

5 FPfF VONTHAPPEKSOft M Ofaer 9-10-11 — S Dwranedy 
0 22UF • HAZY SUNSET (BF Wintor 9-10-2 B da Ham 

11 4031 QLEMRU E OTT Qaay 9-100—- — BPMnR 

13 -P20 DeiSENSHW (t» Mr* J Pitman 9-10-0 MPRraan 

18 IFOl ENERGISE C Popnam 8-10-0 PRkMrtfa 

10-11 FBty Deters More. 100-30 Everett. 8-1 Yon Trace*. 
10-1 Muy Sunset. 12-1 Gtonrue. 16-1 Ermglsu, 25-1 

10 30DP LOVER CtWER JUSA) J K gj., 

11 QO MESSALME J Ftanoome 10-12, 

, SHcHaK 

12 0000 PALA CE YARPJJtrtq rg 10-12. 

13 OOF POr5PfODEJtatord HF12- 


7.45 STUBBS NOVICE HURDLE (£968: 2m) (22) 

‘ IGThomer 5-11-7 P" ‘ 

Jr PW Hants Mi-7 — 

I C Rate 5-11-7 

16 000 WT9TE BO^Hmtterson 10-12 - 


Tfl XYLOPHONE D Marta 10-7. 



3 123P OMABUE6 

4 100 D0HBUTE 

5 0374 

R SMBgt 

M Bp£S 

EVENS Dormnm'c Choice. 4-i_ A na wyii aawl. 5-1 S yl van 
Jokar. 8-1 Ceter. 12-1 MUM. 14-1 Meesatoe, 16-1 oBws. 

‘iteftal 5-11-7 . 


5-1 1-7H0 N R UNN E R 

11 AjrnCCWEFT MJeniS 5-11-0 A 

14 00 COMYHLECBteJGdtonlS-114 6 ... 

ai F&ffl JOCKSBl J Wattw 6-11-0 R 

21 OOP KN0B1 OB MBs ESnwd 7-114 

22 60- UDCMFBIDGreto>1l4 

23 0000 lOMBteflihr P MOtotegn 

Kempton selections 

By Mandarin 

5.45 Ana WassIaawL 6.I5TenajW 6.45 
WHITSUNDAY (nap). 7,15 Fifty Dotfers Mere. 

7.45 Dominate. 8-15 Bluelimit 

Michael Scdy’s selection: 6.1 5 Eurolink Boy. 


25 00 MARCHBI J ODonoghus 5-1T4 NrDEHafr- 

32 W KflALMPtOI«Tffha>*m 8-114 — MHead 

33 P4 SHAMPOURPBowdW 6-114 — R 

3S DOS* SIQNAI HAN Off) O Starwood 5-114 _ S 

% 4 SUNYDAZE FmnMr 6*114 J 

38 0 TIMBER MERCHANT J WHff 5-114 S 

44 - BANNYBMN P Hayward 5-104 C 


(£1^00: 2m) (6) 

i S5 SSSEffiSSZ m 
6 S BBS SgMBjgag^cjB 

8 3S fSSflNBB. C Rd(W« 

M TnesWB.3-1 SWanoer, 4^1 Soy, 8-1 Sratoh 

iHLtoarty CAteiQ. 

46 3 CELTIC CYGNETwsM Rtoti 5-108 JBryw* 

47 0-P0 DOUOCICSOSJGHTEW Jones 7-104 _ Bdattrei 

48 0 HU.Y40WN LASS MSS ESnoyO 

5-104 Lena VMeant 

52 0 TOM’S LASS MTnater 8-104 MaaSBDdbarfl) 

11-4 Cetoc Cygnet; 3-1 Suftydam. 5-1 SoaRnan, 8-1 
Arbitrage. 1<H OomSune, 12-1 Bucilam Abbey fttanaoue, M* 
1 Comyn Legand, 16-1 oftara. 


1 AIM TUGBOAT CO) P MtcM 7-1T-1 1 RDuawoeOy 

2 -1« Y0IM MCHOLAS N Handancn 


SJS BMW Novice CHAS E an) 

4«re LEWESOOM prsce S Oristo S-lt-12 __KMWn«« 

8 4W1 
8 40M 

7-11-12 Stedfttedaa 

3 BV F 'KTA'Vn 10 •— 4 aSS 

i S3 CMMP * Katra 11-114 - — — ■ 

j flS WHRASBPw«8-1M C “* 

JBsaorti 5-114- 

I AUuM 5-10-12 , 

9 3000 BROtoM J JanHna MCH2. 

12 3200 TAJtRNOf' VWntor 6-100 

15 W KHX.’PS KW HGnseina 6-104 

17 1238 OOUOIDaiaOtSfWJDNWiolSon 


18 FP«i END OP BtMtn A Moore 8-104 (Sax) MtoaCU 

-20 POP2 Aung.aajar7iBiteiwa.iiui Pi 

“aJwhdaunAY. 7-2 
Mwn«y 1&1 Lewa^P P* Ba ' oBw*- 

Al wc wi n a™, ancnrm r Ml 

21 COURT GHfflim Mm NSWft 9-104 CCox(4) 

. 4-1 End o# Era, 5-1 BtueBmtt. 6*1 TUaboat. 7-1 Tunfino, 8-1 


Greenall double puts him ahead in title race 

By Brian Beel 

Richard Lee saddled three 
winners at the Teree Valley on 
Saturday, Peter Greenafi riding 
two of them. Highland Blaze in 
the Qpen and a five-year-old. 
Wild Flower, having its first 
outing, in the Maiden. 

As Mike Fehon had only one 
winner at the Derm and Somer- 
set, Greenall has now taken the 

lead in the men's championship. 

At the same meeting, Tim 
Forster saddled When In Rome 
to win the open race, ridden by 

Luke Harvey. 

VaJmai made it four out of 
four at the OH Surrey and 
Bmstsw, but the race was 
marred by Like A Lord, a horse 
backed down from 100-1 to 60-1 

in the Audi Final, breaking a leg. 
Nicky Ledger rode the winner 
and went on to record a double 

od Brigadier Mouse. This brings 
9 the 

her season’s total to 10. on 
same mark as Amanda 
Harwood, who had no rides on 

Forging abead, however, in 
the taffies* championship is 
Alison Dare, who with her wins 
on Champagne Peri and. KJItra 
Boy at the Berkeley, extended 
her lead to three. 

Foolish Hero unseated 
Gillian Minto at the open ditch 
at the Lauderdale, an obstacle 
which caused a total of 12 
mishapsat the meeting. This left 
the way dear for Mystic Musk, 

who will now be aimed at the 
Sedgefield Vaux Final. 

Another with ambitious end 
of season plans is Court Guest. 
Stuart Dickin had a facile win 
on hint in the restricted open at 
the Aibrightoo and be will now 
go for the Massey Ferguson 
Novice Final at Worcester on 
May 21. 

Brave Hussar was a dis- 
appointment at this meeting in 
the ladies' race, in which Steph- 
anie Baxter recorded her fifth 
win in a row on Leam Lord. 

Heather McCall is another 
who is running up a string of 
successes in ladles' races and by 
winning at the Lfeagrinor on 

Little Trouble completed a tre- 
ble on successive Saturdays. 

Rattiin Jack qualified for the 
Land Rover Final when beating 
Certain Light at the Ferule, but 
not with any ease. He was 
strongly pressed after jumping 
to the front at the last open ditch 

and was still only half a length to 
si fence. 

the good at the Iasi fence, 
extending this to two lengths at 
the line. 

Angela Hope had a double on 
Try Aghost and Rosa Trout at 
the Pendle Forest where a 
severe thunderstorm before the 
last race caused the early depar- 
ture of most spectators and 

Saturday’s results 

ALBHOHT0I« One Matt Finish. A« 
Pass Tha Plato. Open Spartan Major. 
Larfias Loom Lore. Rest: Court Guest 
won t Classic Page. NkM ifc Banova. 

BERKELEY; Best fc Oaropagne Part 

LLANGEOKst Hunt Fine Une A# Song 
Boy. Lads* Uffle Trouble. Open: 
SuikEinjos Rat Wonder Dream. Man b 
AlHnta Udy. Mdn Ife Lore Charles. 

Hw* Kte« Boy. LmAsb SfSs."operc 
MaraWsitoor. M* Bare Mom. Best li pt i: 

Ktogs Bn. Beet N pt 2; Jesse 3 Own! 
Mde b Alpine Ffiflfit. Mdn tfc Our Seamus. 

SOMERSET: Hunt Did Ught 


Watt MOB 

Weekend winners: Peter Greenall 
and Tim Forster, the 

No Pa&te. 


rau«: feat Edvard Ladail. A A 

■rig®*; Ladfe:^ Sweet Diana Opal 

ftSnwtonB Dfl.R«st It True Btoomj55n 
t Speahateia. Hte R Ptottnx 

- . .. LAtnSRQU£i Hone 'Polo Mbit A at 

me leading rider, Mua& udro* Rymg Ace. rm£ 


5pBTI. Mb CoteTBJ Henry OpsreApwao. 
Mem QHto: Vaftna. I nrfiitr BnanMr 
McyS R. OpOlt UdK Rymg Mseccngei 
Hunt ROxSotl 


Trout . 

IHd: Georga Agar. 

Rtefc Snob Value. 

TOME VALLEY; Hun: Aoaos. Open: 
Anoyrama. Ladl ok Majeroi Craecsm. 
PPOAJ Another OrW. JUfc Highland Blue. 
Nkto t Kffles MdnE Vrtd Rver 

Today's fixture 

Rte, Bafcormo Mains pJQ). 

Blum flies high 
with Stay Low 

Stay Low gave Gerry Blum, 
the Newmarket trainer, his third 
victory of lhe season, equalling 
his total for the whole of last 
year, with a smooth two and a 
half length victory over Oyster 
Gray in the Wiser on Maiden 
Auction Stakes at rain-soaked 
Doncaster yesterday. 

The winner, who provided 
her sire. Tina's Pet. with his first 
winner, was smoothly ridden by 
George Duffield who reported: 
“She did noi ping the stalls too 
welL but ran really welL" Stay 
Low. who cost 2,200 guineas, 
will now turn out again quickly 
at Think or Lingfield at the 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: G Wragg 8 winners from 22 
runnars 2?.3*V P Keteway. 5 from 19. 
G PntthdTO-Coroon, 6 from 24. 

25 0»». 

JOCKEYS: J Rwd. 12 winners from 53 
now, 22.6 0 * 5 Thomson. 7 from 31. 
aLG'^WCaram. 15tnm71.21.1V 


TRAINERS: M SlOute. i9 wmnera from 47 
rormers 4Q.4* g ; h Thomson Jones. 18 
from 78, 23-1*bc M Prescott 12 rrom 5S. 

JOCKEYS: R Guest. 10 winnere from M 
Mes. SO^t.: T Lucas 6 from 28. 21.4, R P 
Stott, 12 Irorn 68. 17 6°*. 


TRAINERS: FWmtBr. 43 wmnora from IS) 
runnars 26 9**; J GtttawL 26. from 136. 
20.65; F Wahwn. IS from 90. 20(7V 
JOCKEYS: R Dunwoody. 4 winners from 
15 rides, 287*4 5 Snwn Ecdra. 13 from 
81. 14.3V P 5cuUamora, 23 from 162. 

Blinkered first time 

CHESTER: 2.45 Pans Match. 



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«*«*** ;st 

Kempton Park 

QOOd to firm . _ 

I.RAYKAANIG Rouse. 12-1X2. ft, 2 - M*Ws*2 
Lwp IL Jones. 14-th 3. Kalanaamra «-2) Sni 
m fG Saxton. 33-11. ALSO <4 an L Cumanu 

Liverpool lead the chosen few of Britain in the super league that transcends frontiers 

_ (G Sexton. 33-1). ALSO 

RAlt 9-2 la* Aotifosma. 13-2 Butaova 
nth). 7 Butnayna. 8 Connie Joy, Sharp 

Sable. 12 Son Smgw 14 Astana, 20 

FarToo Busy. Fesowtty. Lone Gataxw. 33 
Acfca. Anomer Uwsum. Bow Loren (Mr). 
Emanonatad Lady. Estoftan. Jwnne. Mi- 
ami Blues. Mes Motn. Shews Ot Autumn. 
Soanrsn hnem. Tunehrt Lass. Mane's 
valentine. 25 ran. NK. SI. sM ha ltd. ha C 
Berate*) at Epsom. Tote £22.20; £583 
£6.00. £1420. OF: E38420. CSF. E15152. 
1mm I4.42sec. 

830 (ira 21) 1. KALKOUR (W R 

Swmoum. 33-1): 2. CMdet ~ 

ran. J BefTYjote: £11.60: £4.10. £280. 
DF: £26.53 CSF: £21 .12 
4J0 pm) 1. Nick* A Kin (R Guest, A- 

" “ Bra Dancer (J-lk 3, 

Snsraeka2-1 (av.fik.3L 
. . _ __ Jii. Tom; £3.70: £1.10, 
£1 80. £1.80. OF: £800. CSF: £17.37. 

603 (Im) 1. Rtydra (J Oeto, 7-1 p 2. 

lyamsJn (12-lk a Hardy Crance (16-1). 
Un Timed 6-4 tav. iftl. 4L 14 ran. R 
Johnson Hoirahton. Tote; E6-60: £233 
£3.80. £4.30. OF: £5223 CSF: £9443 


K3b s RAN: 7-2 fav 

Moan Ol Srnnes. 8 Duebng (5m). 9 
Pulsate. 12 Dorryhng. Peflmcown (881), 14 
Super Tnp. 16 Dastung Light (4th). 20 
Aytesfiskl. 33 Free On BoardTRoaenna Of 
Tedfow. 14 ran. *1. sh ha i*t no. n. m 
H aynes at Epsom. Tote; £46.70: £370. 
£350. £1 80 OF: E1S2.80 CSF: £27343. 
Tncast £2094.43 2mm 0624 mc. 

33 (inn i. PENNINE WALK [SCautton. 
16-1): 2. BoM Indian (R MBs. 33-lfc 3 
Trait Rare |B Rouse, 8-1): 4. tadtaa Hal (P 
Hampton. 16-1). ALSO RAN: 7-2 fav 
Patriarch. 9-2 TramWent. 11 Ready WH 12 
Shmaireekh. 14 Slw Of A Gunner. Merle. 
16 Bmd And Beautiful. Fonogon. 20 Go 
Banana s. Purenasmiaperctiase. OuaMafe- 
Fher (5111). Tabantar. 25 Barry Sheene. 
GMardaie (6th). 33 ReaW^ HonesL Octo- 

&30 (71) 1. Antic Ken (J Reid. 9-2 favL 
2. SM Draanwg (B-ir 3 La Jamhaiaya 
(20-1): 4. Northern Gunner (8-1). 1>»L 
sftha. 19 ran. NR: Hignest Prase. C 
NeKaa Tote: £680: £180. £1.80. £4.60. 
£2 10 OF: £30.00. CSF: £33.70. Tncast 

Ptocepot ES0538. 

Chiclet (Pan Eddery. raMpoc oos-sa. 

M* (W Carson. 7-li - ,. 


goto >«n 

230 (2m 51 htfle) 1. 

Scudamore. 1 -4 lavh 3 . . 

Lemy pO-i). 2SL nk. 0 ran. NSL PtaM 

Her. Acoraoan, l 
Creek. 23 ran. %l. 


£183 DF; 

34) (2m 4f ctrtl. 

Sharpe, 9-lfc 2. The 
Scots Nogger (132 
StuDDs Dmighter i 
ran. NR: The Go B 
£12.60: £283 £2.00 
£68.70. CSF: £83.12. 

380 (2m luge) 1. Flag Of Truce (t*T 
Thomson Jones. 1 1-4 tav): 2. Araesno- 
1 1; 3 Koffi (4-ix IL 101- l7ran.SChrisaen. 
Tote: 083 £1.80. £2-73 £2.13 

STUART JONES, our Football 
Correspondent, gives a person- 
al view of how the game could 
evolve in the next few years . 

The seeds of the idea were 
sown inside the imagination 
of Gabriel Hanot a former 

. French international and 

fgSroSSjwJi manager. He believed that the 
standards and popularity of 
be raised if the 

. Tow £180: £1.13, £1 63 
390. CSF: £1023. 


Lou 6 

.71 18 

_ Tneflme. Tote: 
£180. £1.73 DP 

Beckhamoton. Tow £2183 £483 
£10 63 £280. £4.03 DF: £1 ,97443 CSF: 
£447.79. Tncasc £4.073.80. 1mm 

380 (50 1 . PENSURCHM (S Cautten. 9- 
4 y. 2. Sfrara Rik (L Jones. 5-a tav); 1 
Swift Purchase (PC " 

RAN: 7-2 Tasffl 4ran. V,l.8L».Dl 

Russell PF£17.60. CSF: £31 84. 

400m 1M80yd) 1. DewfNGotonran, 9- 
Zf, 2. Ower Quay {20-113, B J Moon 133- 
1) IS Ran) Smndon Boy 2-1 tav. 13. 10. 
an. R “ 

Cook. 10-11 ALSO 
Tasnl 4ran. >il,8L8l. DBwwonh 
at WMSbury TOW £283 DF: £1.90. CSF: 

£3.05. 1mm 01 81 sec. 

44) pm 4fi 1. WINDS OF LIGHT (S 
Cauttten. iS-aj; 2 Golden l l el^m (Paul 
8 fav). ALSO RAN: 20 Maricama f4*). 50 
Botona. 5 raa 2WL 41, 30L not recorded. H 
Cecil Bt NewmarkeL Tow £34)3 El . 63 
£1 .60. DF: £383 CSF: £7 45. 

480 (7f)1. VAGUE SHOT (P Cook. 9-2k 
2. Strive (W R Swrtem. 10-1): 3 Super 
Punk (R Hits. 12-1). ALSO RAN: 1 1-4 tav 
Mgm Move, 11-2 I 
Easy Line 

AD Away. 33 Bath {4ift>, Lady Bishop. 12 
ran. a sh hd, nk. WL ^L C 

11-2 Ffuty O'Rooney, 10 
(8th). vaiglian (5th). 
16 CamlVBl Rose. Giving H 

Morgan at 

... Tow £883 E3.63 £2.73 

DF: £4580. CSF: £45.64. Trtcast: 

£461 25 1mm 27.94sec. 

Jackpot not won. Ptacepot not won. 

Haydock Park 

G< 1^^ , pn hdle) 1. MR OUCK (S J 
O’Ned. 10-1): 2. Honeytme Banker (H 
Davns. 7-2): 3. Record Honest (Mr L 
•. 11-2). ALSO RAN: 3 fav Mrs Muck 
9-2 Aguada Beech (5th). 11-2 Flee 

o Go (puL 12 Dutch Lora | 
ir. 33 

TOW £283 £1-73 £1.73 £180. 
: £780 CSF: £18.15. No offcal bme. 
Ptecepoc £231.25. 


Qptil ff good tO Soft 
20(5?ri.STAY LOW (0 Dufftekt 11-4fc 
2, Oyster Gray (S WetoK W, 131k 3. Lam 
OTJee (L Chamock. 2-1 .lav). ALSO RAN: 
7 Mns Bolero. Broom Star. 8 Sno 
Surprise (4th). 10 GaNoy Express. 
Boofham Led. O'Connel Street. TraffoTO 
Way. Real Rustle. 12 Penaki (5thL 
Sqiaggie (6th). 16 Royal Treaty, 25 Mare 
Musk. The Magus, Game Ughi. 17 run. 
2W, 141, 2i , Twl 2VH. T Bhxn at 
Newmarket Tote: £263 £1.40, £213 
£180. DF. £313 CSF: £4483 1 min 01 .46 

280(71) 1. 50HOSUE(AMackay, 10-1); 
2 Mas TonDee (A Clark. 100-301 3. Bao 
(A SvxJB. 9-11 ALSO RAlt 6-4 fav Dlx 
Bodes. 10 La Maiga Prmce. Planter. 
Dorado (504. 12 ReOZidu. Galaxy Gafa 
(«h), 14 Ampirty. First Alarm. Meddy(6ttiV 
Supreme Command. Franda Miss. 25 
Andarby. Classy Soouse. Haton Bronze, 
Ravefanan. Setoreete. Miss Beswtck. 20 
ran. NR: Babdareen. U, IL 2L HL 3L 0 
Area! at Banbury. Tote £1983 £380. 
£180. £280. DF: £2183 CSF: £5487. 1 
ran 31 53 sec.No bid. 

38 (1m) 1. UfCKY SO SO(J Lowe. 5-11 

7-2 Planet 

. til, 13-2 linex-Plamed (5ttil a 
Fyham bta (fthl 12 Beresque. IB 
Mayor. 20 Btodbury Hal. 9 rm ah hd, 
m %L sh hd, InL S Norton at High 
Hoyland. ToW £480: £1 .73 £1 -40. £480. 
DF: £880. CSP £20 64. Tricast £210.47. 

1 mm 43.72 sac. Goose HB (3-1 lav) 
withdrawn, not under orders - rule 4 
applies to afl Bets, deductnn 20p tn toe 
pound. Alter a stewards' inquiry result 

380(5f) l. PERKM(P Waldron. 7-4 favk 

2 Baton EmOy IM Birch, 7-1L 3. Cree Bay 
(P Robinson. 10-11 ALSO RAN: 5 Dm*. 
11-2 Rove (4thl 14 Tooermofy Boy. 
Karan's Star. 20-1 Ptvtstar. 25 Hot How 
(5th). 11 ran. Ittl. KL 2k>L W. sh hd. G 
Lewis at Epsom. Tow £3.00. El .63 £380, 
£240. DF: £22l2 CSF: £1642 Tricast 
£101.51. 1 

_ ,11 Golden Fancy (5*1 14 

Lummaw (6 Hlgftdato. 20 Senor Ramos. 
Siktos. 33 Crowfoot's Couture. 15 ran. 
1HL 2L 1W. W. 2SI. R Armstrong at 
Newmarket Tote: £17.03 £4.43 £250. 
£480 OF- £2983 CSF: ES482 Incest 
£55380. 2 mins 15.84 sec. An objection by 
the second to the winner was ovemJeo. 
480 (Im 40 1. FIRST DtVMQN (Oon»- 
" n. 26-1); 2 * - - 

me Gibson, 26-11 2 Lech Seaton* (W 
Ryan. 7-2l 2 Trefare Twice (W woods. 7- 
g. ALSO RAN: 13-8 fav Sarfraz (9*1 7 
pavalo. 9 Wotsh Baron (6*> Shmboume, 
10 Rivers Nephew. 12 GooAme Hal (4*1 

16 L B Laughs. 25 Cornell Prince. Irish 
Dilemma. Lyon Coeur. rrfTHe Leggett, 
Baytro. 15 ran. HL II. 6L HI. iSlg 
P mchanFGonton at Newmarket. Tote: 
£13173 £3310. £183 £180. DF; 
£173.10. CSF.- £11988. 2 mm 4288 sec. 
Ptacepot £8363 



2-0(50 1. Summer Sky (T Qmrm, 4-e 
(a*): 2 Dancmg Diana (12-11 3. 
Tangatooma (7-1) a. nk. 8 ran P Cole. 
Tow £203 £180. £283 £123 OF. 
£10.90. CSF: £1323. 

230(50 1. RatherfleM Grays (J Leech. 
20-1 1 ZLaleston (8-11 3. Wmay (14-ih 4. 
Mas Metal-Woods (8-1 L Spacsmakei 
Boy 5-1 lav. 2 lil. 1L 20 ran.C Bel. Tow 
£17.03 £383 81.70. £290. £280. DF. 
£4 30 winner or 2nd wi* any other horse. 
CSF: £17448. Tncast £2.13489. 

20 [im Bf 150yd) 1. Lady's Bridge (J 
Mamas. 7-4 tavl 2 Ftahpond (S-i )U» 
Btaddhom 18-1 3 2»L B. 14 ran. ( 
Bak»a Tote £2.73 £1 SO. £180. £800 
DF: 0QO. CSF: £1233 Tricaw £10683. 

380(1m 2M 70 yd) I.Mondam Trophy 
(R Curant 20-tl 2 Spank* Reel (12-It4 
wek* Medtoy 114-11 4. Mm Atak (14-11 

17 tan. 9ar Of Ir el a nd 7-4 tav. 3L 41. i7. 
ran. NR: State Budget. Tbpeol, Shad 
Rabugk. P Bevan. Tote- £34.93 G483 
£4.63 £780. £243 DF: 1st or 2nd with 
aiy oner - E883 CSft £248.7t. Trteaet 

18 ran. R KcOdar. Tow £483 £1 73 
£1080. BBM. DF: £151.80 CSP £83.13 

480 (3m ch) 1. Imperial Black (K 
Dooten. 12-1): 2 Greenbank Park (4-1); 3, 
Ledbury Lad (6-2). Bright Casas 7-4 tav. 
41. lOL 10 ran. (M: Caro. DMcCaai. Tote: 
£1253 £243 £173 £183 OF: £3580. 
CSF: £56.62 

5JD (2m dll 1. WTObam (M WBtaros. 10- 
1); 2 Royal view (KM 1 2 Ortsp And Keen 
(16-1) Shane 7-2 tav. 3L 31 14 ran. NR 
Asia Minor. Mrs A Hewitt Tow £1263 
£3.30. £3.03 £383 DF: £11373 CSF: 

580(2m5lhdto) 1. Sieve Luachrs (Mr 
T Thomson Jones, 20-11 2 Wye Lea (8-li 
2 unto London (8-11 4. Vbyarti (9-11 
Manners Dreams & Derrycreha Lass 5-1 

SsKXsna f 

i Record. K I 

£4.40, £1.10. £380. £26 
CSF: £16986 
Placepoc £37643 

Fontwell Park 

Going: (km 

20 ^n_2) 1 1 0yd ch) 1 . KAon Jku 

15-2): 2 1 


230 (2m « hdte) l.JTOftai 

(3lS tayl’7 ran. 41. iw. P rbre. TOTS: 
£1283 0.03 £250. DF: £44 10. CSF: 



,20 Wise 

Cracker, 33 RexrtAa Friend. 9 ran. NR 
Demy Day. H 7L 21.41. 12. W Wharton at 
Melton Mowbray. Tote: £16.03 £260. 
£1.73 £200. OF: £3353 CSF: £4383 
Tncast £198.11. 

tavl A .Rate Ol The Sea (M H a mmond. 6- 
11 ALSO RAN: 6 lahhomaim. 8 Battiefletd 
Bond. BaTOrry. Alfle Ockms (5d)l Star Of 
Screen (6*1 M L O Broadway. Cossu LU 
(ten. 20 Lor Moss. Water Cannon. 25 
Pomh. 33 Eamons Owen. 16 ran. 2%L W. 
4U. 1 L 71. D Moorhead at MkMaham. Tow 
£49.43 £783 £253 £180. £1.80. DR 
£251 .43 CSF: £174.17. Tricast £1811.33 
185 (2m hdle) 1. PRDEAIIX BOY (M 
Bowtay, 1581 2 Gaia's Image (H Davies. 
9-11 £ Janus (M Hammond. 25- 1J: 4. 
Chmaor (W Newton. 25-1). ALSO RAN: 
15-B fav Jobroke. 7 Balydurrow. 10 
Lanhydrock. 11 Nohalmdun. 14 Robin 
Wonder. Ra Nova (5*1 WBramCnonp. 20 
The down. HypnosistteU). Hon o yd o w 
Wonder (8*1 NtHJ-Tistt. 25 Paler Mart*. 

AustaO. TOW £9.13 £183 £283EB80. 
E983 DF: £27.43 CSF: £77.71. Tricast 

285 (51) 1, KHADRUF (A Mimay 4-5 
tav): 2. Casnqr Raly (T Ives. 9^: 3, Boy 
Singer (C Dwyer. 20-11 ALSO RAN: 7^2 
Simr Ancona (4tt\l 11 H sh e roa teC*112 
Touch Ol Speed. 14 Lateral (8*1 16 
DamarL 33 Candla Dancer. Emsteys 
Haghts. 10 mn. %L IL nk. i*. T 
Thomson Jones at Newmarket. Tow 
£283 £1.53 El 13 £483 DB £480. 
CSF: £883 Im* 0384 sec. 1 

285(61) 1, QUINTA REEF (T tie* 20-11 
2 Sattapour (K Dariey. 9-4t 2 Bre aM a it 
* Bed (N Dnr. 7-1 L ALSO RAN: 2-1 tav 
Nawadder (4*1 5 Saatb. 7 Al Dtaon (8*1 
1 6 Tty Sir (5*1 20 Mark-Edaa toyal Itan. 
The Stamp, Tunckniim Garden. The utde 
Joker, ffi Pact Super Fresco. 14 ran. 11^1. 
2KL 41, 2»L hd. M Janto at Newmarket 
Tote: £18.13 £383 £180. £293 DR 
£17.00. CSF: £73.73. 1mm 1581 sec. 

385(1m2M31yd) 1. MASKED BALL(M 
Fry. 2-1 tavl 2 John GSp* (J Qumn, 15- 
21 3 Pnmy a w i (C Dwyer. 1381 ALSO 
RAN: 7-2 Seven Swhtem (6*). 5 Vintage 
ToU (5*1 8 Martian Baby, 9 Anstocrat 
VeNeL 20 Recharge. 25 Die Crying Game 
9 ran. 1W.6I. *L 71,1 %l. P&Nerat 

7-21 2 Master Boon (2-1 tavl I . 

Up (14-11 4. Con* Lad (12-1L 16 r 
hd. 12. A Moore. Tote: £3.63 £1 10. 
£1.40, £380. £3.63 DF: £483 CSF: 

38 (2m 41 ch)l. Play Boy (B De Haan, 9- 
4 tavl 2 The Royal Comrie (7-21 3. Mr 
Mouse (3-1). 10 ran. IL 7L F Winter. Tore: 
£4.43 £1.73 £1.13 £1.40. DF: £343 
CSF: £1282 
380 (2m 21 hd*) 1. Redgrave ArOU (M 
Pitman. I1-l0jt-tevi 2 Eagle Moss (S-il 
3. Forewarn (11-10 it-fav). 9 ran. NR; 
□ebbtos Pnnca. 81. II. M Pips. Tote; E263 
£1.40. £283 £180. DF: £3313 CSF: 

^48 (2m 2f ll^^nJ^KWytJoro^ 

2 v?^i tSk^-i a-favl 14 in 
J GlttanL Tate: £3.60; £2.13 £183 £283 
DF: £7.60. CSF: £15.63 
480 (2m 2f hdle) 1. WBtam Stake (E 
Murphy. 4-11 2 Mbs Magnetism (7-11 a. 
Gardners Choice (7-2 u-tavl Dark Comic 
7-2 p-tav. IS ran. B. 2»L J Qrttord. Tow 
£4.13 £213 £183 £1-70. DF: £1280. 
CSF: £33.99. 

Ptacepot £2883 


I to finu 

. 74yd ch) I.Tom Brock 
(1-41 2 Stetasdc (10-11 tavk 3, 
Indian (7-1). 8 ran. NR-Mkanessa. 10L3L 
TBW. ToW £383 £1 .10. £180. £1.70. DR 
£1.70. CSF: £5 62 

38 (2m MM) 1. Burley MB Lara (R 

Crank. 11-a 2 Log Cab* (14-11 3. * A 
Nutshell n 1-4 tavl 15 ran. IW: ttateura i 
41. 21. E Wh e e l er . To»: £683 £180. 

£38321-53 DR £6583 CSF; £8084 
180 (3m 110 ydl 1, Handytad (& 
Youuen 7-11 2 Swift Messenger (11-4 
tavl 3. Master Melody (8-11 14 ran. 12L 
15L W Wharton. Tow £373 £240, £1.63 
£283 OF: £17.80. CSF: £2641 
48 (2m 4f hrfe) 1, Patrick's Fab (K 
Ryan. 6-11 2 Ga*vHe Lad (14-11 3. 
Cke^nought (33-11 4. Val CSmtwr RG-l). 
Padyk»i58lav. 18 ran. IS, 4LR Peacock. 
Tow £783 £280. £383 £1880. £1283 
DF: £71 80. CSF: £8363 
480 (3m 110 yd ch) 1, Leon Ort i 
Wtaairts. 9-21 2 Reddown (118 tavfc 2 
Final Clear (1221 15 ran. V. 151. D L 
WHWfte Tow £783 £183 £180. £1 83 
OF: £4.43 CSF £1086. 

football would 
borders across, the Continent 
were lowered. He said so in Le 
Miroir des Sports. He hap- 
pened to be the editor .at the 

The article, published in 
1934, suggested that the top 
two dubs in any given country 
should compete the following 
season in the first division of 
another. The plan came fully 
to fruition as it came of age. In 
1955, after 21 years of discus- 
sions, modifications and re- 
hearsals, the European Cup 
was first staged. 

Hanot's initial dream, a 
European League, has yet to 
be realized. He was persuaded 
that it was an unrealistic 
proposal, prindpally by a 
fellow Frenchman, Jean-Ber- 
nard Levy, the president of 
Racing Club of Reims, who 
was not confident even that a 
cup could be arranged- “The 
greatest difficulty,” he said, 
“will be to get the English 

Hanot's vision, which 
seemed far-fetched more than 
half a century ago. has become 
almost inevitable. And En- 
gland could lead the way. 
Although the once reticent 
leading domestic clubs decid- 
ed 10 days ago to stay within 
the confines of the present 
system, their threat to break 
away could emerge again in 
two years. 

The chairmen of the most 
powerful and influential En- 
glish clubs privately admit 
that they would be “very 
interested” in taking part in a 
European League. Moreover, 
should an invitation be forth- 
coming, they agreed that it 
would be an offer that none of 
them could afford financially 
to refuse. 

They, and particularly John 
Smith, of Liverpool, have 
grave and understandable 
misgivings about potential 
crowd trouble. Yet there are 
indications this season .that 
hooliganism, which reached 
the heights of ugliness in 
Brussels last May, is merciful- 

ly being frog-marched by the 
police and. with the assistance 
of the authorities, down to- 
wards a more controllable 

Smith, haunted by the 

Smith: old problem 


memory of the tragedy 
Belgium 12 months ago, 
would not even think about 
considering the project if there 
was the slightest danger of 
such an horrific incident oc- 
curring again. He stated last 
month that he cannot envis- 
age such a league happening 
for at least another two years. 

Smith pointed out that Liv- 
erpool had learned to live 
without the riches to be gained 
in the playgrounds of Europe, 
ery dub, both here and 

decline, their audiences were 
down on average by 20 per 
cent, their season ticket sales 
by six per. cent and' their 
financial -deficit had climbed 
up to £528,000. Irving Schol- 
ar, the chairman,, says that 
.“The European ban hasmeant 
a significant loss of revenue.” 

As well as appeasing the 
bigger dubs by agreeing to a 
redistribution of weahh, the 
Football League dub chair- 
men voted to reduce the size 
of the first division. Scotland, 
where the formation of a so- 
called Super League was only 
narrowly outvoted, bad al- 
ready done so. The Bundestiga 
in West Germany is also about 
to shrink. 

Yet is that enough? Even 
Jack Dunnea, the president of 
the Football League, who has 
stubbornly resisted any mod- 
ernization of the antiquated 
format, accepts that dramatic 
developments could soon take 
place. It would seem not so 
much iC but when, the leading 
sides of Europe decide to 
gather together in a glamorous 

and exclusive club of tbdr 

But how would die few be 
chosen? In T 955 Hanot, then 
writing for U£quipe, scoX out 
invitations to each of the 18 
clubs that had been nominat- 
ed by their countries. 
England's representatives, 
Chelsea, the champions, were 
advised to withdraw from the 
tournament, which was later 
grudgingly ratified by FIFA 
and UEFA, the .Continents, 
governing body, who were 
only a year okL 

A European : League em- 
bracing 16 dubs would be 
more ap pro priate. A schedule 
of home and away fixtures 
would fit neatly into the 30 
weekends between the begin- 
ning of September and the 
middle of ApriL Internation- 
als, more likely to avoid being 
afflicted by injuries during the 
less demanding programme, 
would thus still be available to 
play for their countries uunid- 
week. . . 

It would be logical to com- 
pile a table, based on the past 

performances of eadi nation's 
representatives, to produce 
the best field which would be 
drawn from within the EEC. 

.Six points could beawarded to. 
winners of the premier event, 
the European Cnpr five (bribe 
Cup Wi nners* Cup and (bar. 
for the. UEFA Cup. 
finafists collect three, two 
one points respectively. . 

The most successful coun- 
try overall, England - (who 

happen to be the leaders in all 

three tournaments), would be . of the profits or from taking 
represented by three chibs, part themselves. 

all the past champions' of 
' champions except Inter-Milan 
(1964 and 1965), Aston Villa 
(1982) and Forest. Who would 
not .relish the prospect of 
regular visits by Barcelona, 
Real, JuventnSL Asdertecht 
and Bayern .Munich to 
Anfieki, White Hart Lane and 

- The attractions for sponsors 
and television companies, 
who could screen matches live 
to every w here across the Coo- 
rmem except where they are 
bring heki, are obvious -and 
irresistible. Gobs left out of 
the Smiled line-op would 
naturally fear the conse- 
quences but they need not be 
excluded from either a share 

^ * 

The next four in tbe table — 
Spain; Italy,. West Gerinany 
and The Netherlands — are 
each given two [daces. The 
bottom five — Portugal, Bel- 
gium^ Scotland,. France and 
Greece — start with one. ... 

It would be reasonable to 
reward the dubs who lave 
contributed most to tire re- 
spective total of points. 
England's entrants; for 

The severe conditions of 
entry weald cover financial 
security, ground safety, crowd 
control aid ticket safes (trav- 
elling supporters would be 
heavily discoimwed, if not 
banned). Each of the contes- 
tants would also be ordered to 
donate a certain percentage of 
the money they receive to a 
central pool- to be divided; 
in-- between the national 

but every 
there, are 

having to lean 

increasingly heavily on the 
support of outside beneficia- 
ries such as sponsors and 
television companies. There is 
a limit to their generosity, to 
which many owe their 

The limit to the game's 
public appeal has already been 
left far behind The overall 
attendances this season are 
heading for another fall of 
some ten per cent and a 
similar pattern can be seen 
across the Continent Even in 
Italy, where the world's most 
talented players are on weekly 
display, the gates have 
dropped by seven per cent 

Tottenham Hotspur’s re- 
cent half-term report con- 
firmed the extent of the 

Rnain* . 











6pts for win, 3 for loss 
** 5pts for win, 2 for loss 
*** 4pts for ivm. 1 for loss 

Real Madrtff- 

AC Mian 
Bayern Munich 

Cup Whiners’ 






FA Cup 









17 . 













Cup Warners’ UEFA Cup Pts 

tfleal Madrid lead Cologne 5-1 after tha first 
Barcelona meat Staaua Bucharest in tomorrow's 

leg of the UBFA Cup final 
's European r 

(Figures in pa rent hesi s rep r esen t feopMes won) 

i Cup final 

stance, would be Liverpool,' 
whose list of triumphsi is 
surpassed only by Real Ma- 
drid, Tottenham, though they 
have competed only once ra 
the European Ctm and never 
won it and Manchester Unit- 
ed. ' ; 

They could still participate 
in midweek domestic cup ties 
but Liverpool's position 
would dearly depend on. 
UEFA lifting their ban which 
is scheduled to last three years 
longer than for the rest of 
England. United's claim, 
based on their success at 
Wembley in 1968 as wefl as 
their enormous following, is 
also open to contention. 

Nottingham Forest, for ex- 
ample, have gained 12 paints 
from their European Cup 
victories in 1979 and 1980 but 
have qualified for Europe only 
seven times and their crowds 
are comparatively small. 
Leeds United, with 14; are 
disqualified because they are 
currently not - in the first 
division (Saint - Etienne, 
France's top candidates, are 
similariy omitted). 

England's trio would . fie 
amid a dazzling collection of 
crown jewels. It would indude 


The end of April and the 
ixgimniig of May, , usually 
reserved for the finals of the 
domestic and foreign competi- 
tion, would be filled with the 
drama of play-offs: the bottom 
four in the European League 
against the last four in the 
European Grp oh a knock-out 
bads and preferably at a 
neutral venue. 

The top. four teams in the 
play-off group would compete 
in the European League the 
following seasonThc remain- 
ing quartet would be 
Tetagate<r and return to their 
home a ffa irs . Fiance, there- 
fore, could immediatdy lose 
their lone representatives. 
Nantes, the, only riufr in tire 
assembly never ,to have 
readied a European final. 

The convenient geographi- 
cal spread would be sacrificed 
for the sake of maintaining the 
hig hest standards, of putting 
the best on show, every week. 
As football generally contin- 
ues to appeal to fewer and 
fewer spectators, that is a 
thought to brighten die future. 
A dream? By down 
in a newspaper Hanot turned 
his into reality. 



Alan Gibson recalls a Middlesex player who enta dash 

The eccentric Gunner with 
entertainment in his sights 

58 (2m 4t Mta) 1 . My AtoSno fG Chartra 
Jones. 6-1); 2 Anottwr Boxer (13-8 tavk3. 
Jaunwr (9-1). 12 ran. NR: Cheeky Rob*. 

Miss CambaL 3L 151. A James. Tote 
£7 93 £180. £183 £1-73 DF: £1373 
CSF: £1628. 

nacapoh C4185L 


GoTO apod to soft 
215 (2m It MM 1. Mi 
Haney. 3-1 tav); 2TKuatr 

Harvey, 3-1 tav); 2 KutatTs Befle ( 
Jacuzzi (4-1). 16 ran. NR: “ 
Whiskey Uma. 29. 31. P 
£263 £1. 

King (Mr L 

Bo (16-1): 3. 


180. £580, £200. DF: £140.73 

CSF: £4883 
245 (2m If hdle) 1. Paddy** Draw (A 
Muiholand. 94 tav); 2 Not Aracdtan (16- 
Ifc 2 Handy Lam (5-2). 17 ran. NR: 
Mesratee. S Christen. Tote E340: £1.60, 
£5.40. £183 DF: £10483 CSF: £4182 

3.15 (2m If 

Powell, 14-lk 2 
Sponrah God (16-1).! 
ran.4L 1G. L Kemard. Tote £7.73 £183 
£183 £240. DF: £2883 CSF: £5483 

If ch) 1. Leodepaoce (B 
2 AdirtraTs Ora (3-1); 3. 
116-1). St WHam 2-1 tav. 10 

245 (2m If hdtal 1. _ 

Leach, 11-8 tav): 2 Go Anna Go (8-1 
tfigh Reef (6-1L 11 ran. IM, 29. M 
Tote £233 £18T 


. 183 £203 £183 
£9.83 CSF £1389. 

415 (3m II ch) 1. Cute Port (Miss V 
Wftons, 2-1): 2, Ottery News (5-4 fav); 3. 
Buck's Mfl (4-1). 14 ran. dist, IS. C Down. 
TOM: £383 £183 £1.40, £180. DR 
£3.10. CSF £5.03 
445 (2m Khcia) 1 . My Snip (P Mu 
33-1):2.Gett*g Plenty p0-1):2Wflidt . 
(7-1 L 4, Sea Pennant (15-2L She Shot 6-4 
tav. 17 ran. NR: String. R Hodges. Tow 

£77.73 EH 70, E4J0: £283 
£537 30. CSF: £56885. 
Placepoc £3383 



GoTO sod 
215 (2m 41 ctl) 1. 
Eamahaw, 5-1 


£583 £253 £233 £263 DR £1243 
CSF: £2883. 


£1.33 £173 £183 DF; £3.40. CSF: 

X15 (3m ch) 1. Hazy Gtan (M Barnes. 
11-lfc 2 Urtscnaxitous Judge (5-1): X 
ran. IW.S.T Barnes. To«e:S5J3ft £3.70. 
£180. £220. OF: £6X03 CSF: £8X67. 
Tncast £31313 


(14-11 Rtcnara Lnntteart 3-1 lav. 24 rm 
NR: Bun WaSt 1W, 12). F Watem. Tote 
£9.43 £260. £283 £373 DF: £3783 
CSF: £6382 

4.15 (2m 41 eh) 1, Brother Geoffrey (p 
WBUnson.2-1 tavl 2 Book Of Keis <T2- 
IV; X Btogeja-a. 8 ran. B. 71. C 'n»mton. 
Tote EX13 £1.43 £203 £1.13 DR 
£1680. CSR £2X45. 

445 (2m 12*id hdto) 1, 

> P Denote 25-1): 2. r 
Htahem Gmy (8-iL 12 nm. Nf 
uroy. il. 20L Mrs J Goodtaaow. Tou 
£8983 £880. £1.60. £2.50. OF: £19873 
CSF: £71.15. Trieast £37748. 

Ptacepot: £2X63 



i htt* 1. Smooth Character (K 
Mooney. Evens tav). 2. C8« Bank (50-1); 3, 
Weavers Way (50-1). 18 ran. NR: Contra. 
Jock * The Green, hd. 7L M McGrath. 
TotR £283 £1.10. £15.18 £850. DF: 
£127.70. CSF: £8087. 

Main LflXteSl! ST? C^ey , Tote , £h.7ft 

£1.10. £180. OF; £210 CSF: £283 

Earlier this year, writing 
about the HndderafieM against 
Preston Cnp Final ia 1938, 1 
mentioned Joe Hnlme, who 
played for H udde rsfield in die 
match, after four previoos finals 
for AisenaL I said something to 
the effect that he “did much for 
Huddersfield", a statement that 
had the aathority of the late Sir 
William MaUaUeo, the most 
devoted supporter they ewr bad. 

Several other HadderefieM 
supporters wrote to me, saying 
that Holme did veiy little for the 
dab. was only chosen — over the 
tegular ontsme-right — on the 
basis of his previous Cnp Final 
experience, and had a rotten 
game anyway. Arguments ran 
long and deep at Leeds Road, 
especially after such an agoniz- 
ing defeat, and I am not getting 
involved in that one. 

However, one reader sug- 
gested that I would be better 
employed in writing shoot Joe 
Hnlme the aicketen and I saw 
him play quite often for Middle- 
sex before the war, so I wilL 

Popular figure 

My chief memory of him, I 
most say, is of a substantial 
behind bobbing about by the 
Tavern boundary — be nearly 
always fielded, and my well 
too, in the deep — frequently 
obscuring a small boy's view. 
But he was a dashing batsMa, 
and a useful medium-paced 
bowler. He was a popular 
figure at Lord's, I suppose 
partly because of his Arsenal 
connections, bat also because 
of the cheerful bounce with 
which he approached his 
cricketing work. 

Middlesex were going 
through rather a dismal period 
in the early thirties. Hearue 
and Lee used to open the 
innings with an awesome grav- 
ity, men weighed down with 
their responsibilities: a rash 
stroke, a defensive pad not in 
position, and the Long Room 
roof would collapse on Sir 
Pelham's bald head —that was 
the atmosphere. There was 
always Headzen to come, but it 
was a relief when Hnlme 
joined him in the side. 

Holme was not so good a 
cricketer as be was a football- 
er. bnt there were still those 
who saw him as a likely Test 
player. He made little impres- 

sion when be came Into the 
side occasionally in 1929. His 
rise, wrote T C F Prittie, 
“was a triumph of personality 
rather than of craftsmanship”. 
He instances a match against 
Nottinghamshire in 1931. 
Larwood and Voce were at 
their peak, and Middlesex 
were losing. Hnlme came in, 
and took op bis stance three 
yards down the pitch. UUey, 
the wicketkeeper, was stand- 
ing 15 yards back, so there was 
no chance of a stomping. 

Holme relied on the quick- 
ness of his feet to keep him oat 
of trouble, ami the sheer nerve 
of the thing to pot Off the 
bowlers, in which he succeed- 
ed, at least with Voce, who 
tried to accommodate his 
length to the new position, and 
could not recover it when 
facing Hendren, who of course 
continued to bat from his 
normal base at the other end. 

set in. He seemed to become 
obsessed fry the agility of his 
own footwork, and spent far 
too mnch time scampering in 
and out of his crease. The solid 
orthodox drives and hooks, the 
foundation of his play, became 
rarities. To some extent over 
the next six years, he recov- 
ered from this eccentricity, but 
never completely, and the high 
hopes faded. 

His retirement from first- 
class cricket was announced at 
the beginning of the 1939 
season, a year after he had 
played for Haddersfidd in the 
Cap Final. He was only 35, 
and should have had years 
more of first-dass cricket in 
front of him, though with the 
war coming he would not have 

He was granted a joint 
benefit with Hart the opening 
batsman, who bad served Mid- 
dlesex faithfully, though his 

Molowny braces himself for a triumphant sigh of relief 

Final exit of Real manager 

Joint benefit 

Holme: riachmg all-rounder dresssing-room. 

The partnership aided, as 
partnerships against Notting- 
hamshire were apt to do in 
those days, when Hendren was 
hit on the head; bat Hnlme 
stayed in for a lively and 
courageous boor. In the fol- 
lowing season, also at Lord's, 
he made a century against 
Gloucestershire, and turned a 
match which 1 Middlesex had 
looked like losing. The pitch 
was awkward, and Parker and 
Goddard were two of the best 
spinners in the country. He 
put on 121 in BO minutes with 
W.F. Price. 

In 1932, he scored over 
1,000 runs, and averaged 32. 

But in 1933, a waywardness 

place in the side was 
jeopardized by the appear- 
ances of the outstanding but 
occasional amateurs in which 
Middlesex was so rich. He was 
another who had aroused 
higher hopes than events 

I knew Joe Holme for a 
while after the war, when he 
was in Devon, and a jolly man 
he was, just as oae expected. 
He oooe took his gramophone 
along to the Wembley 
to cheer up 
the Arsenal lads, who were 
feeling nervous, aid 1 think 
that was the year when Arse- 
nal beat Huddersfield.: At 
least, it was when he had 
finished telling the story. - 

Prittie concludes an affec- 
tionate essay upon him (to be 
found in Cricket North and 
South. SBC, J9S5) with this 
tribute: “He had a happy and 
charming cricket personality; 
he might well have had a great 
career. Bat his wfit, at any 
rate, hardly be labelled a 
failure, for of sheer eqjoyment 
be gave as mnch and extracted 
even more from his cricket 
than did any of. his 
con te m poraries'*. 
Hnlmeadashing all-rounder 

X0 (2m 51 110yd ch) 1. Vataso 
McNm. 7-2): 2 Camp Dunphy (16-1). 
Oyster Pood (9-2). FrmesJto2-1 lav. 8 ran. 

81. 2hL J 
£1.80. OF: 

c £583 £243 £200. 
. CSF: £45.47 

Cologne can emulate Spaniards 

Gotten Ram. My A&*g. 2%). SL F 
W*»r. Totr £283 £180, £243 £583 
DF: £1260. CSF: £1344. 

• 48 (3m 190yd eft) 1. Tha Pa* Barrier 
A Langion, 4-1) " " 

^2); X Staunton 


10 ran, 

. , 1*L O Sherwood. Tote: £5.93 £183 
El 43 «t13 OR £1 1.90. CSF: £24.16. 

480 (2m « 28yd Mta) 1, Connaught 
Ctemwnr(K Mooney. IM): 2 Wootfcra* 
_ ,7ran. 
Mttar. Toteft 1.73 £3.63 £183 OF: 
lim CSR £27.73. 

Ptoeepflfc H&G3 

West Batin (Renter) — Real 
Madrid are set to write another 
Chapter m their glorious history 
by capturing their eighth Euro- 
pean title when they meet Co- 
logne in the UEFA Cnp final 
here today. . They lead 5-1 after 
the first leg .in Madrid last 
Wednesday and. even, diehard 
West Goman supporters con- 

own stadium after UEFA or- 
dered them to switch the home 
leg of the final to a venue at least 
»0km away after crowd v§- 
ufence during a semMfnal match 
in Belgium. There are few sides 
capable of ov erc omin g a Jbur- 
goal deficit and. ironically, it is 
Real rather -than Cologne who 
are one of them. 

- In the third round of this 

cede that -their chances of an __ 

Oiset are stun, tp say the leasts season's competition a dejected 
Cologne uso face the Real left West Germany after * 
advantage of not playing in their being thrashed SI by Bonasia 

Mtacbengtadbach; bnt they 
made a n rag n ifl c entcometi a c h in 
the return to win 4-9 ud go 
‘i on the away goal, 
jue. playing in their first 
European final, cifcxg to the faint 
faope that they can emulate Real, 

COLOGNE (pnkaklt): H Sctanskr. D 
Proda J? Safer, a Ciefcb^EHGdh. 
T U Beta. M Hootorbufr, O 

Junta. PUtTOakL K AltaJk 
Orate. Macete. 
gnLGtf ~ 



Oneiofthe strangest ironies of 
'today's second leg UEFA Cup 
final m West Berlin is that wben 
Real Madrid win the trophy 
Luis Molowny will' disappear 
imo the background with a sigh 

Molowny will be winning his 
second, consecutive UEFA tro- 
phy. A year ago he did so after 
be had been taken from his 
backroom job to succeed the 
unsuccessful manager, 

There is a further irony 
involved. The man whom Men- 
doza, the Real Madrid presi- 
dent, desperately wanted to 
succeed Molowny was Luis, the 
manager of the local rivals^ 
AtleiKo. But Atfetico last week 
were thrashed in the final of the 
Cup Winners* Cup by Dynamo 

Molowny, who used to be a 
successful inside right with Real 
Madrid, will be succeeded by the 
Dutchman, Beenhakker. 

Another managerial change, 
long awaited, will take place at 
Juventus. Tiapononi has been 
released to take over at Inter 
Milan after winning the 
championship. After specula- 
tion that perhaps the job could 
go to Howard Kendall, of . 
Everton, it has been given to 
Rino Marchesi, who has had a 
successful season with the un- 
fashionable Como dub. . 

For Marches! this is a splen- 
did affirmation. At the end of 
last season be bad ben kicked 
out by . the Naples dub. One of 
the more gentlemanly and 
courteous Italian managers. 
Marctaesi used to play wing half 
for Fiorentina and Italy. ' • 

Como's best player this sea- 
son has surely been the little 
Brazilian, Dtrceu.. who has 
joined Brazil's World Cup party 



■ Brian GtanvBn 

and is expected to fill the deep 
left-wing role, though be win be 
34 years old next June. Diroen 
did not endear himself to his 
teammates when, shortly before 
leaving Italy, he announced that 
the team -would pivot around 

him. But his form since be got 

back to Brazil has been refresh- : Turin magistrates. 

for a feasoiifefl through Raring 
dub substantially .reduced their 
offer. , ' 

' The Argentines are placing 
-tnudi hope' in Valdono. who 
wiB join them after be has 
played in attack for Real today 
in West Berlin. 

. In Italy the fixed odds betting 
scandal develops apace. The 
who jumped out of the 
window when Naples police 
tried to arrest him, has given 
himself up to the investigating 

happy has been Cerezo, 
released early by Roma, after he 
had been suspended for the 
coming fear matches. Cerezo 
has an injury.u> Iris left leg which 
is proving' extremely stubborn. 
But the brilliant form of Zico,. 
who at last returned to the team 
to score three of tire four goals 
against Yugoslavia at Recife, is 
a . guarantee that Brazil will 
mount a ' real challenge in 

Argentina, back in Europe for 
another tour and beaten by 
Norway, are not happy. The 
manager. Carlos BDaido. pub- 
licly .criticized even by the 
president - of Argentina,. 
Alibnsin, remains a contentious 
figure. Notr has Claudio Borghj. 
the gifted young centre forward . 
from _ Maradona's old dub. 
Argen unos Juniors, settled 
down. The feet that his mother 
was paralysed . in a. motor ac- 
ridenl upset him dreadfiilly.- 

He is no longer sure where he* 
will be playing next season. 
Racing Club of Paris were going 
to sign him for £13 million. But 
when it became dear that the 
complicated deal whereby 
Sampdoria, of Genoa, would, 
lend him to Servene, of Geneva. . 

Meanwhile, ax the. behest of 
Naples football dub, the whole 
edition oriast week's magazine 
L' Espresso was confiscated. It" 
had published extensive ver- 
batim reports of the alleged 
telephone taps carried out by the 
Turin police on opriaiors of the 
.fixed odds betting racket . 

Brian GlanviOe is Football 
Correspondent of The Sunday 
Times. : , 

European results 

TWOOSH: Rhnsoor 2 Zongu fctafc apor 3 
Ankaragucu 3. Genderbirtigi .1; 
Matotyaspor 1, Sartyar 1: Denizfcpor. 4 
Allay 3 FmrtxUKfl X KbcwAspcr ft 
Ontospor 3 Buraasporl; Kaysartspor.3 
Samsunspof 5; EakisaftinpOr. 1. 
Trataonspor 1; Getatasary 1, Bnns 1. . • 
'Ppattansrt.Besidas. played 32 ' 
48; 2 a atettaray. 32 48: 3. 

Lboarrw 1; La 

Jwpperl; Si Gaten4. Sanrattt IrSon t, 
Bas^ aVew 3, Qranchsn 0; VouOfl 
■ Boys Berne 2 Lausanne 2 FC Zurich 3 

YUGOSLAV: one EMgracto 2 I**** 

1: ammo vwwwts 5, RtattaaBc- 
2 Vantar LSkAxfr' 

Tuzta 1, (tod Star Batarad* 2 Vairoten ■- 
Novi Sad t. VttnteMtar 1; D*ama .- 
Zayab i. Budua n o a l TBcfflatf3 R^atorX _ 
SirtJoska WkaJc 1: CNk Zflnica 2 Swa- - - 
jaw 3 Parazan BMgrada 2 O i ^Ok 3 „ 

; t, Partaan. 27.88; 2 

Red Star. 27. 36; 2 Vain, Z7, 3t 


The Ice Age cometh 

By Michael Coleman 

Basingstoke councillors took plans for a A000-seat ice arena 

to be contained in a massive 

the plunge last week and ordered 
a £2 million ice -rink for the. 
town. Like that at Bracknell, 
construction of which recently 
started, the rink win be 60m by 
30m, and not like the smaller ice 
surfaces other towns ' have 
mistakenly chosen. 

. Both these stadiums are due 
for completion by July next year 
and all ice sports in the region, 
the enthusiasm for which a pp ar - 
entiy has- not waned despite the 
long delay in providing facil- 
ities, must benefit immeasur- 
ably. Bracknell, a- private 
venture, will seat 2.500, 
Basingstoke 1,500. not quite the 
super capacities dreamed of by 
ice hockey fens but substantial 

Other recent developments 
designed to speed Britain's entry . 
into the new toe age include; 

• In Scotland, work on a major 

ice arena commences jn June on 
a 5% acre site between Prestwick 
and Ayr which has bran donated . 
by the Kyle and Garrick local 
authority. It will have 3,000 
seats and be 61m by 30.5m, the 
fell size for ice hockey . tfte sport . 
so dominant nonh ; of fee 
border. .. 

• News Is expected shortly of 

private sprats complex in the 
North of England. . . 

• An. even more- ambitious ice. 
stadium, embracing two 60m by 
30m -rinks and ja. four-lane 
curling rink under one roof with 
seating for 5.000 or 6.000, has 
been offered to Guernsey. 

- • A 60m by 30m ice bowl is due 
to open this year at Dundonakl, 
Northern Ireland. 

Local authorities eager id get 
into ice but frightened off by the 
spiralling costs should fake note 
of events in Basingstoke.' The 
councillors there finally 
awarded the contract to Framex 
Building Systems, Darlington, 
whose £2 minion leader -was 
half that of some of their rivals.; 
Mike Lewis of Framex blamed 
these inflated prices on the over-, 
use made of architects “who 
spend clients’ money like feed- 
mg strawberries to an elephanL” 
The rink they were building at- 
Basingstoke was not utility and 
had been done 1 in consultation 
with Mecca. “But these build- 
ings are . basically just a shed 
.which, v. get : cheaper- propor- 
ttonaiefy the biggri' you make 



Britain hit 

By Leslie Howcroit 

. The Great Britain "rifle *«»"», " 
on a lour of the West Indies, 
won the Kngpr Sewing Machine 
.Trophy under difficult .con- 
ditions when. they beat Jamaica 
by 26 points at Kingston. ? 

Shooting in. humid' con* 
ctitions,. with temperatures.; 
reaching 90 degrees F and with a 
difficult- fishnul wind, the- Bril- ' 
ish right were leading by nine 
points after 300yds. They In- 
creased their advantage to 12 at ■ 
50Chrd&and kern up the pressure 
at -ouOyds to finish wi 


points out of 
Jamaica's 1,127. 

with 1,133. 
L200 against 

Collings (Berks) — all wife 147. 
.In the. individual events John 
Carauchael (Worts) wan the 
grand aggregate with 364 out of 
400, beating Keith Tocnlinsob-- 
of Jamaica, by two points, with 
(Sill Richards third on -361. 

, The. Britirineam have moved 
.on ta Trinidad atnd will coro- 
ptere.-the.;icHir''wftlL matches 
against tbc West Indies, Canada 
and the United States In Baiv 
bado^fromMay 14tol9. 


S Africans given Springbok 
status against rebels 

A defiant, JubOam South A A 
nra has revealed H is pfenning 
more unauthorized Test-class 


a a senes of four 

piatenes against the country's 
■national team this Saturday. 

Far from kowtowing to <te- 
muds from the International 
Rugby Board that the New 
ZeaiMdCTS be sent home, the 
South African Rugby Board is to 
rave sanction to the tour by 
allowing the national side to be 
caHcd the Springboks: a name 
always reserved for official 
representative national 

Setti ng o ut his country’s 
for the first time in an interview 
with The Times, Dr Dante 
Craven, South African board 
chairman and newly elected 
vice-chairman of the Inter- 
national Board, said no disci- 
plinary action would be tai^n 
against the Transvaal provincial 
union which organized the rebel 
tour. “They did something that 

■ V -A?— — ■ - - • W* *_ . _ ■ — 

By Paul Martin 

South Africa recruit unsched- 
uled tours, be said. 

. Rugby officials in South At 
"ca have indicated that the 
Present All Blacks win be in- 
yff” year, and that 

efforts are afoot to induce 
France and Australia to visit — 
Probably for a mixii-Wortd Cup 
the official version, to 
wfaidi South Africa has not beat 

South Africa wished to re- 
man within the IRB, Dr Craven 
said, but would from now on put 
its own rugby interests fireL It 
would be up to the IRB, which 
next meets in October, to decide 

All Blacks to be 
invited next year 

whether to expel South Africa — 
which he said was '‘possible if 
not probable’’. 

Many of his own board 

moderating influence within the 
board is declining. At present, 
he maintains that the Board is 
“not divided” in that everyone 
now supports the tonr and ibe 
plan for more. 

Should the board split into 
opposing camps, a prospect 
about which he openly specu- 
lated just two weeks ago. he 
plans to resign. South Africa 
would be heading for inter- 
national rugby confrontation 
and prcrfrasionalisn) would tear 
world rugby apart He would 
warn no role in that, be says. 

Undoubtedly the near univer- 
sal condemnation of South 
Africa's actions within the IRB, 
has deeply distressed a man held 
in high esteem for decades. “I 
went -to London aged 75 but 
came bade over LOO,” be joked. 

Dr Craven, is not a man to go 
down without ah guns blazing. If 
a motion to expel South Africa 
is tabled later this year at the 
JRB meeting, he has some 
salvoes of his own. South Africa 
is not the firm country to 
infringe IRB rules and 


| Tt 1 



rwrtn 1 





Spectacolar stadium receives players 9 approval 

gets new 

For about two centuries from 
AD 150 the reparation Of the 
Nines amphitheatre In- the 
excefleacc of its gfedfetnra and 
its training schools reached as 
for as Rome. Today, this fine 
arena ha the south of France, 
although smaller than the 
Colosseum hard by the arch of 
Constantine, is hi far better 
cofxtftioa than (he one in Italy 
ami indeed, is fat constant use 
for litflghts, rock concerts and, 
as from last weekend, tennis. 

Mats WHander, who, fike 
Hamlet’s Horatio, is more an 

nHtiipo S/WMln thin o 

nan, at least in appearance, and 
Boris Becker, who could have 
wielded a nifty trident, HI bet, in 
the days of Odavnu and Augus- 
tus, had reached the final of the 
six-man Philips Trophy. 

“This is jnst exhibition stuff,” 
said Ion Tiriac, Becker’s coach. . 
scornfully. aJth®s«h be then 
Bound htmsetf m difficulty .. - i.. 
explaining why the winner gat 

$100,000 and the runner-up Becker: Wanbledon singles champion is considered difficult to beat on fast surfaces 
$60 J0©_ “That’s Tiriac," ex- 
plained Pascal Fortes, the for- to®* «8 ***t the creamy 1,700- season in Eng la nd , losing only Queen’s Chib il 
nrer French Davis Can player year-old stone. one match, and that ip five sets tired after Paris, 

tapping tds forehead signifi- Half as big again as to Lendl at Wembley. I don't see Becker appe 
easily. He and anotberex- Wimbledon's ivy-dad centre why I shouldn't do as well together more fo 
player, Dominique Bedel court, which was originally criti- again.” fill than he was 

teamed up to pot on the Nunes cfoed as a sore-fire white de- Disappointments? “I don’t For such a gawk 
show. pfaant, the Names arena held think I bad any- Even losing in amazingly agile. 

r r , r. 22JW0 spectators during the the first round in Australia was a the deft toad 

Woody “tate-uIT games of the learning experience, and I made McEnroe or eve 
first (twee centuries after Christ, a last-minute decision to go orchestral terms 
Between 3JW9 and 8J100 packed there.” said this astonishingly away on Us tin 
in for each of the three daysto mature 18-year-old. string cadenzas. 

WMtcb son* fabotoes tennis, 1 asked Leconte, who said that Stronger than ev 

espoctoDy memorable at night Becker had played much better relaxed set-up, 
under a warn purple sky. In the here than be had in Germany, and then deliver 
“ b “ my semi-finals, Becker beat Leconte whether “Boom Boom” could barrage of Uockl 
6-4, 6-2, thus gaining revenge for repeat his sensational Wimble- right into the cor 
The handsome six, who also his narrow loss three days don success. “HeU be tough to AIW 
•nxlnded Kerin Correa, Bobo earlier in Dnssddori; while beat on grass, that's for sure,” "“5“ 

Zivojmovic, Henry Leconte and WQander spun out Forget, who the left-hander answered with an 57?** ""-if” 

Guy Forget, agreed that their had beaten a leaden-footed expressive shrug. WHander 
first expoience of what is easily Onto. agreed: “He's beaten me four 

the worlds oldest temris stadium I miked to Becker; appro- times ou fast SHrfaces, inefadmg 
and certainly its most spectacu- priatdy enough between the in December m the Davis Cup, 

fer, was unforgettable. “Jnst carved Romanesque bails which Sweden won despite Boris 

Uke the centre court at Stade decorating the immense waO of beating both myself and Stefan 

Rotend Garros, wdh people the north entrance, and found (Edberg). 1 find Us service, 

sittmg mfles above you,” said the asuaUy hard-pressed Ger- together with Lendl's, foe most 5?f SSL™,, 1 
Becker. “Its nnbelteveaWe to man youth very relaxed. “I feel difficult in the game to return. 

thmkSpartocns used to serve Pve grown much stronger and They both hit sohanJ and so Oat «u»o m mi em 

here, wise-cracked W Hander, improved almost every stroke that it's difficult to spot the s ye * 

whose only criticism was that since winniag WlmWedui last angles.” Incidentally, WHander _ 
the yellow balls o c ca s iona ll y got year,” he said. “I had a great smS that be mi ght play at JOuH B 

lost agatost the creamy 1,700- 
year-old stone. 

Half as big mm is 
Wimbledon’s ivy-dad centre 
court, which was originally criti- 
cized as a sure-fire white ele- 
phant, foe Nunes arena held 
22JM6 spectators daring the 
Moody “hstMir games of the 
first three centuries after Christ. 
Between 34)00 and 8JW0 packed 
in for each of the three days to 
watch some fabokxts tennis, 
especially memorable at night 
under a warm purple sky. In the 
semi-finals, Becker beat Leconte 
6-4, 6-2, tons gaining revenge for 
his narrow loss three days 
earlier in Dnssddori; while 
WHander spun out Forget, who 
had beaten a leaden-footed 

I talked to Becker, appro- 
priately enough between the 
carved Romanesque balls 
decorating the immense wall of 
the north entrance, and found 
the usually hard-pressed Ger- 
man youth very relaxed. “I fed 
Pve grown much stronger and 
improved almost every stroke 
since winning Wimbledon last 
year,” he said. “I had a great 

season in England, losing only 
one match, and that in five sets 
to Lendl at Wembley. I don't see 
why I shouldn't do as well 

Disappointments? “I don’t 
think I bad any. Even losing in 
the first round m AnstraKa was a 
learning experience, and I made 
a last-minute decision to go 
there,” said this astonishingly 
m a ture IB-year-old. 

1 asked Leconte, who said that 
Becker had played much better 
here than be had in Germany, 
whether “Boom Boom” conM 
repeat his sensational Wimble- 
don success. “HeU be tough to 
beat on grass, that's for sure,” 
the left-hander a ns w ered with an 
expressive shrug. WHander 
agreed: “He's beaten me Boar 
times o« fast surfaces, inefurfieg 
in December m the Davis Cup, 
which Sweden won despite Born 
beating both myself and Stefan 
(Edberg). 1 find Ms service, 
together with Lendl's, foe most 
difficult in the game to return. 
They both hit so hard and so Oat 
that it's difficult to spot the 
angles.” Incidentally, WHander 
said that be mi ght play at 

learned from Wednesday’s 
defeat,” Becker said later. “I 
bad shown Car more patience. 
Fm learning all (he time,” he 
added with an endearing wiig of 
his eye. 

Italy by a B team, which begins 
against Italy B m firamia to- 
morrow may seem little enotuh 
in comparison with foe activ- 
ities of some of those other 
countries who will compere in 
next year’s world tournament. 
Yet ft will contribute to tire 
overall selection process and, at 
the same tune, wfl] allow players 
to take time off from the game. . 
this summer. 

There may be justified com- 
plaints about the standard of 
rugby in England, but not about 
foe quantity. There are some 
very tired players longing for the 
chance to get away from foe . 
game and allow injuries to mend 
property; Bath tire John Player 
Special Cup-boldeis, have been 
patching up players for tire last' 
two months while o there have 
been beating off requests to tour 
during tire dosed season. 

it may be that France’s play- 
ers can cope with the season 
which does not end until the 
dub championship final on May 
24. and which is followed by a . 
southern hemisphere tour 
including four internationals in 
tire space of a month. Their 
domestic treadmill is not like 
England's, and they have greater 
depth of talent though it win be 

leading players perform when 
New Zealand visit in tire 

For this week, however, a 
capable England party must deal 
with an I talian squad tuning up 
for a tour for Australia, the 
Italians leave on Sunday for a 
three-week visit culminating in 
an international against the 
Wallabies on June 1, which 
means that by tire tmre tire 
Welsh B party arrive in Italy for 
five matches in the second half 
of May, their hosts will be 
dippi ng deep into their reserve 

England have .had to . leave 
Barnes,' tire Bulb stand-off bal£ 
at home because of his broken 
toe. They have brbugbt the party 
up to strength by including 
Johnson, foe Coventry prop 
(covering the possibility of a 
recurrence of Rendalrs calf - 
muscle trouble) which, means 
that. Smith (Richmond) will 
either have two games as stand- 
off in which to advance his. 
reputation or Palmer, the tour 
captain, will appear in a position 
in which be is far from 


The B team beat Italy 
comfortably enough at Twick- 
enham last year, fourofthc side 

last season. Since then Italy 
have fluctuated, according to 
the form ofBetttrello, their goal 
kicker, and only beat Portugal 
by two points last month. 

It will be a comfort for 
England that both tiretr matches 
are io be handled by Ranch 
referees; Claude Donket offici- 
ates tomorrow in Sicily and 
Rene Hoorquet, whom England 
last encountered on tour in 
South Africa in 1984, takes the 
game on Saturday against Indy 
m Rome. When England's im- 
der-23 team visited Italy in 1982 
the standards of the home 
officials were distinctly variable. 

ENGLAND; M Rose (Harie- 

f uins), P Williams COrreA), B 
vans (Leicester);' J Goodwin 
(MoseieyX M BaHey (Wasps), J 
Palmer (Bath, captain), J 
Salmon (Harlequins), J Carieion 
(Orrell), S Smith (Richmond), R 
Hill (Bath), m Hannaford 
(Gloucester), P Rendall 
(Wasps), L Johnson (Coventry), 
J Probyn (Wasps), R Lee (Bath), 
A Simpson (Sale), B Moore 
(Nottingham). S Bainbridge 
(FyldeX J Morrison (Bath), N 
Redman (Bath). J Hall (Bath), P 
Cook (Nottingham), P Buckion 
(Orrefl), D Egerton (Bath), 

Norman wins by 
seven strokes 

Las Vegas— Greg Norman, of 
Australia, bad a seven-tmder- 
par 6S to win the PGA tour's 
richest event with ease on 
Sunday as he captured the SI. IS 
million Vegas invitational tour- 
nament with a brilliant 27- 
under-par total. Norman 
finished with a total of 333 for 
the 90-hole event, seven strokes 
better than Dan Pohl, of the 
United Stares, who was second. 

Norman, who carried a three- 
stroke advantage over Pohl into 
foe final round, saw his lead 
shrink tor one after Pohl ob- 
tained a birdie at foe first bole. 

rained a birdie at foe first bole, 
but the Australian quickly re- 
sponded. He holed a 45-foot 
putt for a birdie on tire second, 
then added three more birdies 
over the outward nine to open a 
six-stroke gap. 

A one over per on tire 17th 
kept Norman from setting a 
PGA tour record for most 
strokes under par in a tour- 
nament His 27-under-total has 

been matched by Hogan, 
Souchek, Wadlrins and StadHer. 

The first-place prize means 
that Norman beads tire tour’s 
money-winning list with earn- 
ings of $343,774. Pohl had a 
final round of 69 for a 20-under- 
partotal of340- Nelson and Pate 
were thud equal at 19 under par. 
The two British players, Faldo 
and Brown, finished on 349. 

Norman is raking a couple of 
weeks away from the PGA tour 
because of respiratory problems. 
He was due to see a specialist in 
Houston yesterday .and will 
return to the circuit in Jack 
Nicklaus's Memorial tour- 

^t™S pEr* John BaUantine 


Holden led astray 
by the lead car 

Andy Holden's attempt to 
win tire Belfast marathon ended 
in heartbreak yesterday alter an 
astonishing mix-up when vic- 
tory was in sight- The Bir- 
mingham dentist, aged 37, 
looked a certain winner: but he 
twice'lbst his way after foe lead 
car took two wrong turns along 
the rpure. the second time only 
four pules from tire finishing 
line. ’• 

It cost tire Tipton Harrier 
crucial time and in a sprint 
finish over the last 400 yards 
Marty Deane, the 1985 winner, 
nosed ahead to win in 2 hours 16 
minutes 6 seconds. 

A bitterly disappointed 
Holden, who trailed 10 seconds 
behind, said afterwards: ”1 am 
not blaming anybody. It is just 
one of those things which hap- 
pen. It was an Irish marathon.” 

The lead car took a wrong 
turn after seven miles and again 

Queen’s Club if he is net too 
tired after Paris. 

Becker appeared an al- 
together more: formidable hand- 
ful than he was even last year. 
For such a gawky flatfoot, he is 
am a zing ly agile. He has none of 
the deft tenches of John 
McEnroe or even WHander; h 
orchestral terras, he thunders 
away on his timpani, scorning 
string cadenzas. His service is 
stronger than ever; from a very 
relaxed set-up, he rocks once 
and then delivers h» awesome 
barrage of blockbusters, usually 
right into the corners. . 

After Becker bad taken his 
revenge on Leconte on Friday 
afternoon, Tiriac walked oat on 
to coat, shook his young charge 
warmly by the hand and theatri- 
cally tapped on his temples. “He 
was feting me know I had 

at the 22-mile mark, where 
Holden still had a relatively 
good lead, although Deane was 
quickly dosing the gap. 

More than 2,000 runners took 
part in the city’s fifth marathon 
through the streets of BeffesL 
Third place went to last year’s * 
runner-up, John Griffin, from 
Tralee, co Kerry, who finished 
un 2 hours 18 minutes 47 
seconds. The first woman home 
was Moira O’Neill, of Bd fast, in 
2 hours 43 minutes 27 seconds. 

• SYDNEY — Geoff Kirkman, 
of Australia, received a broken 
pelvis and head injuries in a 
road accident while leading the 
annual 1.000-kilonwtre (625- 
mile) Sydney to Melbourne 
ultra marathon (Reuter report). 

The driver of a car that had 
attempted to pass Kirkman and 
his support crew on a main 
highway was killed in a collision 
with a truck. 


in sight 
of world 

From Barry PickthaU 
La Rochelle 

The gale force winds that have 
been mowing across Europe 
during the Bank holiday week- 
end provided a spectacular but 

testing opener to this year's 

sailing season. * 

The eight multibulls which 
had set out from Deauville on 
Sunday for New York in the 
two-handed Course de Ubene 
transatlantic race, covered the 
first 1 1 miles in 31 minutes — an 
average of 22 knots but the same 
force six to eight south-easterly 
head winds forced at least 10 
crews to retire from the Royal 
Ocean Racing Club's Cervantes 
Trophy Race from Lymington 
to Le Havre. 

The strong winds also gave a 
helpful push to the leading 
yachts in the Whitbread Round 
the World Race who are ex- 
pected to reach the finishing line 
at Portsmouth next weekend. 
The Farr designed maxi, UBS 
Switzerland, skippered by Pierre 
Fehlmann, was Erst among the 
fleet to break clear of Lbe Azores 
high pressure system last week- 
end and by yesterday morning 
she was reaching northwards 
past Lisbon at 1 1 knots, more 
than 227 miles ahead of Simon 
Le Bon’s second-place British 
maxi. Drum. 

The Swiss maxi, which leads 
the 27,000 mile race on elapsed 
time, is not expected to reach 
Portsmouth before Saturday to 
beat the previous record for the 
voyage set by foe Dutch yacht. 
Flyer, four years ago- by little 
more than a day. 

The last yachts to finish the 
150 mile cross-Channel Cervan- 
tes Trophy race did not reach Le 
Havre until after 7-30 pm on 
Sunday, .ten and a half hours 
after Str Owen Aisher's Yeoman 
XXVI bad battled through 
heavy seas to lake the first gun. 
The winner on elapsed time 
however was the 40-foot rings 2, 
Frers-designed Blazer, owned by 
H. CouborL Jacobit headed the 
dass<5 listings and in class 4, 
which boasts the largest entry, 
Sunstone was victor over Wings 
of Cowley. 

The French yacht, European 
Homes, scored foe best cor- 
rected time among foe smaller 
class 5 entries, but carrying a 
sponsored name, was put out- 
side the class results giving first 
place to another French entry, 
Fletcher Lynd, followed by the 
British yacht. Spirit. Only two 
yachts raring within the Chan- 
nel handicap division managed 
to complete the course, led 
home by R Archer’s 

Yesterday the French cata- 
maran. Royale. was leading a 
eight-strong multihull fleet out 
into the Atlantic on their way 
towards New York in the 
Course de Liberte race. The 
Canadian. Mike Birch, from 
Dartmouth, sailing with the 
American. Walter Greene, had 
trouble hoisting the sails on 
their maxi catamaran. Formule 
Tag, and started last but by last 
night were up into fourth place. 

MAXfcl. UBS Switzerland p.l 13 mlas); 2. 
Drum (00) (1.460m): 3. Cots d’Or (BaQ 
(i.483m): 4. Atlantic Privateer 
(Uap.4a2m)7 5. Uon New Zealand (1,507 
AV-ZA25 6. Norsk Dam GB (Britain) 

MHD-SttED YACHTS: 1. Fear Finland 

a 2, Philips Innovator 
1rrf) 3, T Esprit cfEquipe (Fr) 

, Fortune Lights (5PHl.768m). 

SMALL YACHTS: 1. Equity and Law (Nath) 
(1750m); 2. Rucanor Tristar (Bel) 
(1 P 796mi: 3, Shadow of Switzerland 
<2-0 14m): 4, SAS Bala VBung (Dan) 

from 5. 
rilon -jl 

Marc 0 f 



Chetastord: Essex v Kent 
0U TteHord: lanctettre v HanpMre 
Lort-s: Middbsex v LaiMstareMB 
Northampton: NofUnmptonsMra v 
GtaucesttrsNm _ 

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Hwdinglsy: Yonatirt v Sussex 
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T0«aac8^DieiaEs cup 

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Bade Somerset v 


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OMTteftarrt Lancashire v WorcetrisraMe 
Lord's: Mddtestxv Yorkshire 
Northmptonr Horthsanplofisttni v 

Wsnrt*s**» _ 

TVarttetdga:f«atoghtrashlrev Surrey 
Battc Somerset vlCsnt 



TtreFWks:Oriordt J nlaswhyy Q teSBtWMn 
•Hove SoaasK V Cambridge tMmrehy 

OWTteftord: Lancashire v WoreaatenMra 
Lord’s: M hHi ssi x e Yortahhe 
Northampton: Northamptomhira v 

Worcastsr WuuwtiritSir 
Haaringtojp YorsktSra v Cambridgasism 
Northampton: Northamptonshire v 


Tha Ovst Surrey v Oertmhlm 

r~rintie Winn lltfreinlifrriAa w fttamnwrei 

n J O PRanMi- Mil wHMjmc ¥ uwnOfQPl 

Heerinrim: YortcsMre v GtaucasMraMre 

Fenner's: Combined IMmsttea v Nsw 


ChMfir-frSfcwt: Leaoue Cricket Con- 
fsrance v IndMnc (one day] 

Brtstot Gfauce si erehl w v Sunny 
MaMstone: Kent v GtKnonpn 
Lhmpoot Lmmshks v Dsrlvsbfcw 
Lak reswr: Lato —tsrihlra 


Hastings: &rteex vNonha n p ton ah ka 
Worcester Worcesten“‘— -"■■■ ,llh * 

•Lord’s: kB rk B atax vNawZsetendsra 
■Taucson: Somarestv tadte 

tefetot GkwceaMreMre v Sumy 
Maataonec KM v Glamorgan 
Leicester: Leicestershire 

Dmrorior NoeS ufta mstos » ^Crtte i K t 
vs or An St EOwond s : Sns s a a or 

E d g h a eton or Dartngmn (feotham 1 *): 
w a n teri a h lre or PuitMm V Hortfamn- 
bsrtandor Eases 

Dertwor Trora Derbyshire or Oorrmal * 

Hoad^gtey or WWMCb: Yorkshire or 

^ATwarategmw V HMUiU ft am re iM B 

Chak rakatL I 

Worcester Worcestarahkev Hampshire 


Trent Bridge: Nottfnghamshirw v 

■ ■■ ■»- — «■ ' - - 

TOCWffio nlffi 

Hw* Sussex v Gtenorgen 

Heedjmiy: Engtend v Now Zealand 
Somhewt Essex v LsiosateisNia 
Naetb: Gtemorasr * WoroeSteraHra 
Bustot GkMJctnmshsS v Sussex 
LonTB Ifidriasox v Somerset 
Northampton: Northamptonslws v 

Bristol: GkXKsewsnke v Yorfshtre 
Maidstone: Kent v Somerset 
Leicester Ui te sto rs hrevYtempBhlre 
UKhridge: AOddtesa* v Sufragr 
Trent Bridge: Notttoghamahire v 

Chslm s lontEsaB«vMwwZ a s la ndani 

Lords: Oxford UMmatiy v Cambridge 

tcc trophy aew enMA i a , 

Workso p: N uri nghat ra Wr e v YortaWre 
The Oval: Surrey v Kent 
Edgbaston: W a rwic ks hire v Derb y shire 
Ok) Traflont Enqtand v New Zastend 

Dwttr-Deraw Wre v MMdtesw 
Sowhenct Bam v VwvcaetarsMrv 
Swansea: Qtamorgan v Norihamptanshim 
Bristol: GkiueestenMie v Somerset 

foula— ifilti |iaMMfWa as ttlenntelra 
nxipeiAJUui. huy aflpp V WinWCKScVni 

Cantortunc Kent v LancasMre 


— 14 buia 


Semmo a Smam H* 

Dsrtw DarthRWre v KM 

CM TreRpiri: Lancstoire v Earn 

a a HlHHUa ■ as 


ttonon; Somerset vHHnpsMm 
Tbs Owt Suosy v NoriteinpiorattB 
Woreevtar Worcestershire v 


Hove: Sussex v New Zeafandere 

Cartfc GtenorgM v (Soucetterehre 
OM Trenprtf L an c ash ire v Batet- 
UWTe IHdriasn v WirtrickalHS 

TrtngHorti M ntpton ili iwv Surrey 

Tauntotc Somarsat v HampMre 
WoresEter: Worcestershire v 

RUlUi lrT BiHIIgwH 

Middlesbrough: YorkaWre v 


7-URttrtk ICC TROnfT FMU. (one 



SaM tete Bto i iorStAMenK l teinptiMteor 
- Iter rodste e v Worcestershire or 
O nfenteM re . 

Tboreon or Dan Parte Cun w raut or 
DnsatvLneasrtraor QnWa fxi 
or Britt* ewkgMn 
■vLal eeM tit sh lwor 
Ireland Emureh or Tteot Briggs: 

HeecWnajey: YoricsWre v Surrey 

Trent BridoK NoB tn olre iwW re 


Oubfet (Castle Annu# Iretend v MCC 

Derby: Derbyshire ' 
Sownand: Bm«k v 

Ntttik Ctemotqan v NerthttVKMSNra 
Bnstot Gtaucastarette « SomBisM " 
Portsmouth: HsttsaMra v WSrvMKShira 
Canterbury: Kant v Lancashire 

Portamouttc Hampstwa * DartwsMn 
Souttexkt Lancasters v Nouteghamshire 
lxm>‘£or LflfcestersWra V G U mor ga n 

Haw&mi* ! UhmrebnMe 
Scarborough: Yorigttriav Kent 



Soutoa mptOT . ^ Hampshire v 

HoritWBttBfeHBrtt M Mptonttirev leant 
Teuton: Soonreat v LancasMre 
GuOdfoto: Surrey v Sussex 
Worcester: Worcestershire v 


Hub (or Scarborough): Yorkshire v 


Norwich f Lakenhn): Mtaor Oounties-v 

He wZepten deni 

'SCMfaorcugtc Yorkshire v tatSMte 
*Edgbesion (or Old TtaAonte Wwwfc fc - 
ahka (v Lancashire V tAreridwhire 
in B A H Prat v New Zaahndm 



JeBtrcntfcEngtimdXJvFteatcti the World 



Jasmond: England » v Rest of tha Work) 

Cheltenham: Gloucestershire * 

Cantarbuy: KM v Leicestershire 
OWTraMortk Lancashire vYfrtshora 
LonfK Wddtaaax v NonremptoraMm 
We ato ri-supa r-M i ra: Somerset v 
Worcester shin* 


•Derby: Derbyshire v New Zeatendera 


•Heerflnfltey: Bwtond Young Criekatere v 
Sri Lanka Young Cockatere (test 
represantatiw match, lour daye) 

Cheltenham: Gloucestershire v 

Centartxay: KentvLaicestBrshire 
Old Traflont L an cash ire v Yorkshire 
Lord's: Mddtesex v i to ni tan ip tu i arW e 
Trent Bridge: Nottinghamshire v 

Weston-super-Mare: Somarsat v 

IIJ.j f itetrea^l Jf 


EssttxiurnK Scssax v Essex 
Edg b a st on . W a vri dBri trev Sumy 

ChafensfoRb Esrex v Mddtosex 

Cheltenham: Glouoastershire v 

Northampton: Northamptonshire v 

Weston-super-Mare: Somerset v 

■««- ■- - — . 


TreOvafc Surrey* Lancashire 

EaMbountt Stosax v Darbyttke 


feMorcONtwiM v Lnctthire 
ptritenran GtoufiretereNm v MUriawc 
Southampton HanmshlmvSutsax 
Utottter: LteeaawreHrev Earn 


GuKXote Surrey v Sussex 

PiHmlnn Hfen^JiehLw u I 

w w mwp > i w up u b 

Worcester: Worcestershire v 

Stow VMa: Gtemorpn v Derbyshire 

ItaO-fc S urrey y Wnrreewntea 
Warwickshire v Kant 
Haadtagtey: Yoriishra v Gtamorgan 



faster leiciS^ V^Sr 

WsaiLijjroooh ftjioai. tlanhmpion- 

The Ovst Surrey v Worcestershire 
Edgbaston: W arwicks h ire v Kent 
Scartnraugh: Yorkshire v Gtamorgan 


LonTs: England Young Cricketers v Sri 
Lanka Young Cricketers (second 
one-day international) 


OH Trotted (or Edgbaston): Lancashire 

C r Warwickshire it I Lancashire <n 
at West semi-finals) v New 

Bristol: England Young Cricketers v Sir 
Lanka Youig Cnttetets (second 
• mpresantetiremMch. tour days) 

Gteagow: Scotland v trsiand (three cteyto. 

Chestarttekt Perty Wre y Yorkshire 
CotehusW- Essex v Northamptonshire 

t rmTi iWkHenn illwnniUn 
Trent Bridge: NotUngbamsfrire v 

Tktmton: Somerset v Stsrey 

Hove: Sussex* Kant 

Edgbaston: Warwickshire * 

W orc e st er WO reaate r v Leicestershire 

ChMeriete Dorbyttke v Leicestershire 
Cotenstor: Essex v GloucestenMre 
Bournemouth: Hampshire v 


Dartted: Kant v Suray 

Lylham: Lancastere v Qtamorgan 
Non ttempton: Non hamptonahirB ¥ 

Taunton: Somerset v Sussex 
Hearinghy: Ytokshire v Midrisaett 


UKfs: MCCvScotiand 

Chestertekt OsrbyMWew Yorkshire 

(^chaster Esste v Northamptonshire 
Lord’s: MkWesex* Hempehiw 
Trent Bring*: Nottinghamshire ¥ 

Taunton: Somarsat * Surray 

Hove: Sussex v Kant 

Nunmton (Grift & Cotei) Wanvidcihira v 

Worcester: Worcestershire ¥ 

TOUR HATCH Swansea: QMmoraan v 
New Zealanders 

CMmsted- Essex v Surrey 
Cardrffc Glamorgan v Kent 
Bournemouth: Hampshire v Yorkshire 
OidTrafford Lancashire vGteics 
Leicester Leics v Northants 
Trent Bndge: Notts v Detoyttn 
Hove: Sussex v Uddtesex 
Worcester Ktecs v Warwickshire 

CnefctB ta tt: Essex v Surrey 
Bournemouth; Hsmpstnv Yorkshire 
Old Treftwt Lancastwe v Northants 
Trent &idgK Notts vDotbyahve 
Hove: Sussex » Middiasax 
Eftjteston: Wanwdcshira * Somerset 
Worcestrc Wtetastars hi re u G te morgan 

Etesreem Qtanxxgan v Surrey 
Larcoster: Lteoortnrshre * Derbyshire 
LonTs: Mlddtesox V Lancashire 
H tw b M iJ uu toNonhatteYH a ntpni i w 
Trent a«0K Note v Kent 
Tbureorc Somerset v Ease- 
etfnstom WanMckshire v Ybitehire 


aasa — 

LNcestre: LstowtarciWa v Somartet 
rikwe: Sussex v NmMng ha n a b ro 
Edgbaatorc WMwtekahSevMMMteaax 


-Trent Bndge England Young Cricketers v 
an Laifta Young Crictafens 
fTtwd rep rese ntative match, tour days) 


Htwnor Derbyshire v Hampshire 
Mor mon in Marge Gloucestershire v 
Fofcastone: Kent v Esmx 
OWT rattord' Lancashire * Sunny 
Leicester LaioastereMe v Somerset 
LonTs: Mbttaaw vWorcaeterehire 
Hsjg^TCrtahte v Warwktehira 

Btofaettm: Warwick Undor-25 final (one 

Scarborough: O. B. Ctosa's » v New 
Zeetandera (three days) 

Dstbw Oetbyshire v NorthampumsMre 
CanWh Gtenorgan v Nottinghamshire 

Roestone: Kant v Warwickshire 

TCe Owk Surrey v Gtoucastsrehira 
JJte^ter Wforcesteranire v Somerset 

Scarborough: ASOA Challenge: Essex v 
Lancashire (ona (tty) 

Scarborough: ASOA ChaSenge: Hamp- 
shire v Yorkshire (one day) 

Scartarough: ASOA CnsBanga: FlnaJ (one 


OMTMted: Lancashire v Somarsat 
Trent Bridge: No tUuu iasnah lre v Essex 
HouK Sussex v Hampshire 
Worcester Worcestershire v Gtenorgan 
Scarborough: Yorkshire t 

Ok) TTaRord: Lancashire v Somerset 
Trert Bridge: NoUngtiMraMre v Essex 
How: Sussex v H a mpsh ire 

Worcester Worcasarahira v GtBooraan 
Sca rborough: Y orkshire v 


ChofenstetL Essex v Gtenorgan 
Bnstot Gtoucestershtre v WbrooBlarehire 
Southampton: Kampshira v Lancashire 
Cantertxjry: Kent v Mddtasx 
Trent Bridge: Nottinghamshire v 

1 Irwlhere ■Minehha 

Ttortoft Somarsat v Derbyshire 
Tha Oval: Surrey v Laiosoarshira 
Edgbaston: Wtiraricfcshrav Sussex 


ChoWstect Essax v tonorgsn 
Soumsmptoft: Hamoatm v Lancashire 
Canterbury: (Gant v Yorkshire 
Tram Bridge: Nottinghamshire ¥ 

Taunton: Somerset v Derbyshire 
TtoOwt Surrey yl j jeMtera h i re 
Edgbaston: wwviKfc3hv«v Sussex 

onmn matches atlortts: jun 

& Eton v Harrow. August K MCC 
Schoote * National Association of 
Yawn Criekatere hwo-dsysi tt NGA 




I3*S*R3» q ss 39 3 a we-srs-Tue S-g-JS 8 ^SG9K17?:imST? w^CSs ra 





Imran’s brilliance the 

solitary light in 
the gloom for Sussex 

HOVE • Essex (2pts) baa Sus- 
sex by 18 runs. 

Magnificent batting by 
Imran Khan took Sussex clos- 
er to beating Essex than was 
expected when this Benson 
and Hedges Cup tie was 
resumed yesterday. Imran, 
whose second SO came in 30 
hallo, made an undefeated 1 12 
out of 1 77. He was given the 
gold award by D.V.P. Wright 
Rw his courageous effort in a 
losing cause. 

Sussex, needing 278, re- 
sumed at 80 for one, with 27 
overs left Wickets fell regular- 
ly at the other end but Imran 
drove, pulled and glanced 
freely and refused to be 
quelled by the Essex pace 
attack. Sussex needed I0S 
from the last 10 overs and 63 
from the last five. The re- 
quired rate was always too 
much but Imran's splendid 
hitting maintained the 

It rained all morning but the 
sun was out when play began 

at 2.15. Parker chopped 
Pringle’s third ball into bis 
stumps; Imran glanced a four 
and was then dropped al the 
wickeL After that the Paki- 

. . Imran's defiant batting 
r « must have left Sussex feeling 

^ rueful about their careless 

““4 * J bowling on Saturday, when 
they gave Essex an additional 
24 bans in wides and no-balls. 

^ , . _ _« fi ft wtua ui wiu» ouu inmoiu. 

stani did not give a chance. He Sussex also finished 10 overs 

reached short of completing their 55 

overs and his mrnnas con- overe ^ required three 
tamed two sixes and eght h ^ mhlulafc and uiis 

fours, hammering the ball 
with tremendous force. 

Nobody else, though, could 
assert themselves against tight 
bowling and fielding. Green 
quickly followed Parker, when 
Hardie hit the stumps direct 
from mid-wicket Gould 
hooked Foster for a six and 
was then caught at long-leg 
trying for another. Le Roux 
was promoted in the order but 
played on as soon as Lever 

Alan Wells helped Imran 
add 53 in seven overs before 
Pringle bowled him. Colin 
Wells, who had a runner 
because oi a groin strain 
stayed as the last eight uvc«s 
brought 66 runs. 

wQl cost them a£ 1,000 fine. 

ESSEX: 277 far 7 (B R HwcflB 119 not out 
G A Gooch 73} 

A M Green run out — 50 

MRTBzffdejc East to Lore* 9 

PWG Parker to Pnngle 20 

Imran Khan not out 112 

J I J Goted e Boroer b Foster IS 

I S le Roux b Laver — — 3 

A P Waits b Pnngle 17 

C M WeBs notout 23 

Extras flb 8. rfe 1) — 9 

Total (6 wfcts. 55 overs) 259 

o A Reeve. AC S ftgott and A N Jones OH 
not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-27. 2-82. 3-83. 4- 
124. 5-140. 6-193. 

BOWUNG: Lever 11-2-44-2; Foster 11-0- 
70-1: Gooch 11-1-48-0; Turner 11-2-424: 
Prmgte 11-2-47-2. 

Umpires: K J Lyons and A G T Whitehead. 

Openers punish Somerset 

BRISTOL- Gloucestershire beat 
Somerset by eight wickets. 

The second day of this Ben- 
son and Hedges match started 
on time, rather surprisingly, 
considering the prevailing 
heavy weather. On Saturday 
Somerset had scored 178, and 
Gloucestershire 1 1 for no 
wickeL Gloucestershire bad the 
better of the pitch, which yes- 
terday was placid in the morn- 
ing, though showing occasional 
signs of life when the sun was 
drying it in the early afternoon. 

Siovold and Romaines pretty 
well settled the match in their 
opening partnership, which 
lasted until the score was 146. 
when Romaines was caught at 

deep mid-wicket, by Richards. 
At lunch, play still not inter- 
rupted. the score was I5S for I. 
after 44 overs. 

The finish did not turn out to 
be quite so easy as had seemed 
likely, but was never in any 
doubt. Gamer, though he did 

not take a wicke bowled five 
maidens in his 11 o ers. for only 
16 runs. Dredge, tho.oh in one 
of his less demonic m^rods 
(possibly because he has left 
Frame) bowled A they at 106 . 
But Stovold kept patiently- go- 
ing. and Bainbridge held the 
other end. 

Marks bowled well, and might 
have got a wicket or two, but I 
think he is better used as first 
change for his foU spell than in 
bits. I don't know at all whether 
he agrees with me about this, but 
it does give him more space to 
tempt the batsman. 

The man of the match was 
Lawrence, and when one looks 
at the full scorecard, his wickets 
on Saturday justified the award. 
The derision was made by a 
Benson and Hedges official, 
supported by several other of- 
ficials. deputising for Tom 
Graveney. who was apparently 
far away playing golf but suf- 
ficient communication with 

him had been established to 
ensure that he agreed. 

I am not sure that these fancy 
individual awards benefit the 
game, though they undoubtedly 
excite the less educated mem- 
bers of the congregation. 

It was a competent and 
confident all-round perfor- 
mance by Gloucestershire, and 
this season has, so far, been an 
encouragement to them, if a 
little worrying for Somerset 

SOMERSET 17S (D V Lawrence 4 for 36) 

AWStovottnotoui 72 

P W Romanes c Richards to Dams ... 79 

CWJAtneyb Dredge 8 

P Basncndge not oof 9 

ExrasTb6.fc5.w1, nt)2) 14 

Total (2 mkts. 532 overe) 182 

K M Curran, j W Lloyds. I R Payne. U A 
Graveney. JR C Russell D V Lawrence. C 
A Warn did not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-148. 2-486. 
BOWUNG. Garner 11-5-16-0: Davis 11-0- 
55-1: Retards 11-2-28-0, Dredge 1022- 
35-1: Maks lC-1-37-0. 

Ufrqros: R Palmer and N T Plows. 

Gavaskar is back 
to take up 
where he left off 

Sy Joha Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

The Indians, begin their of last year, and there are 
firsr-class programme at those who say he needs taking 
Worcester this morning, the down a peg or two. But to a 
Tuesday start bring unusual . wrist-spinner, confidence is as 
but the venue traditional. It is important as it is to a tight- 
India's eleventh official tour rope walker — and it is no 
of England and KapO Dev’s good knocking itoiit often. 

side comprises mostly femil- 

iar feces.. ..... More happily. Azharuddin. 

Only Mohammad $5 Sfe 

Only.- Mohammad 
Azharuddin has not been here 

series in India, has held his' 

: t-v .*✓*- 

place. laa sense, the centuries 

^5,^?SuiuI Gavasto 
has been so often diat England 

must be a second bome io matcfacs * b Tf. * x™ 11 ' 
him- Including three World thirS 

Cups, this is Gavaskars eigitth 

visa with. an official. Indian ■HRSrinSf'wl 

side; a record which, I think. ™ 


- ' we -have some fine weather. 

Of the firat Indian side to you will see wtett a magical 
play a Test in England , player be can be, I am sure of 
in 1932, Wisden wrote that t ^ aL 
they found a programme of ^ The only two Indian tour- 

matches “too heavy a tax at ists ever to have scored centu- 
forir physical resources . . nes against Worcestershire are 
More surprisingly, .their bats- : Gavaskar and Wadekar, when 
men . “managed very well added 327 for the second 
against fast bowhng and ordi- wfeket in 1971. Nothing 
nary spm bowlers, but on tter nicer than ff 

own conf^ion-fomd cpnsd- Ariiaroddin were to become 
eraWe difficulty m dealing die third- But Gavaskar and 
with googly baling, and with Wadekar made their runs in 
FreemantfKent m particular.. September. It has never been 
there being praraally no quite as easy to get them at 
googfy bowlers ra India. Tbis Worcester early in the season, 
playing only 18 except, of course, for 

Imran Khan: Century for Sussex against Essex at Hove yesterday- 

Rain saves Leicestershire 

time, foey art playing only 18 except, of course, 
matches, and foe googly, sad- Bradman, 
ly, will be the least of their 

Rain came to shield Leicester- 
shire from the probability of an 
humiliating defeat at Chester- 
field, yesterday, where Derby- 
shire won their Benson and 
Hedges cup match by way of a 
faster scoring rate. 

Since the competition became 
established in 1972. 
Leicestershire's record has been 
outstanding with 46 of 74 
matches won. including three 
championship successes in 
1972. 1975. and last year when 
Peter Willey steered his side to 
victory by five wickets against 

In terms of resulis. whereas 

Leicestershire stand second only 
ot Kent, Derbyshire are well 
down the table occupying 14th 
place with - 31 of their 64 
matches won. Inspite of the gulf 
between the two. at least Derby- 
shire reached the final round in 
1 978 when they lost to Kent by 
six wickets, and that is a 
distinction to have eluded some 
of the higher fliers, including 
Sussex and Hampshire. 
Yorkshire’s comfortable 8 wick- 
ets victory against Lancashire at 
Old Traffbra 

was much the doing of Martyn 
Moxon. who made 106 not out. 
and Geoffrey Boycott, who 

made 55 in a stand with Moxon 
of 123 for the first wicket as 
Yorkshire progressed with- mea- 
sured, tread towards their target 
of 209. 

Moxon. who hit seven fours in 
his hundred was the matches 
second century maker. Earlier, 
Clive Lloyd had gathered in the 
24 runs he needed to reach his 
hundred.. in which he hit mine 
boundaries as Lancashire strug- 
gled in vain to set Yorkshire a 
testing target. • ■ . 

Rain had prevented a start until 
shortly after noon when' Lan- 
cashire started out again at ! 52 
for four from46 overs, with 
Lloyd 76 not out Abrahams 30. 

worries. At no time on their The emphasis which even 
tour is anyone likely to bowl the Indians have come to put 
them one — and before you on fester bowling leaves them 
write to say what about Kim shorter of spin than they have 
Barnett, they are not playing been in England before. Their 
Derbydiire. main problem , this time, in- 

stead-.. of -.unravelling 
Having discovered the Freeman's googly, wifl be in 
togiy on that first tour, the bowling sides out, but they are 
dians went borne and sowed accustomed to thaL.Tbe last 
e seed which has brought time they had any success in 
rth spine of its most goflerul containing England here was 

the seed which has 
forth spine of its most 

A new generation of Olympic hopefuls takes to the mountains and the fells I Scotland v Worcs Derbyvlei^ster 

Judo finds its salvation in a citadel 

Britain's consistent medal 
success over 20 years of Olympic 
judo history grew out of the 
talents and extreme coumftmeni 
of certain individuals who suc- 
ceeded in spite of the system 
rather than because of it. 

Dave Starbroolt,’ Keith 
Remfrey, Brian Jacks and Nefl 
Adams were members of na- 
tional squads but for the most 
part they practised in London 
dubs, scraped a firing in various 
ways and, with coerage aad flair, 
beat products of the highly 
structured judo systems of Jar 
pan. the Soviet Union ‘and 

But the next ge n er a tion of 
Britain's top jndo fighters, and 
even those on the way to the 
1988 Olympics, will be able to 
reap the benefit of what could be 
a crucial new asset to the sport in 
this country - the first residen- 
tial judo centre with fall training 

The project has been a long- 
held dream for one of the leading 
British coaches, Toay 
Macconnefl, the joint manager 
of the British team when Adams 
won his world title and a man 
widely regarded as the best 
matsrde coach and motivator in 
the comrtry. 

“For years I have felt that we 
needed a centre where 20 or 30 
top players can live and train 
together over a longer period 
than jost a weekend or a week at 
Crystal Palace before a major 
contest,** Mr Maocoonell ex- 

Surprisingly, be has achieved 
bis aim not only with the bulk of 
the finance c oming from private 
funds: he has placed it a good 
distance from a major urban 
centre - in the heart of tbe Lake 

The Kendal Jndo Centre is 
boosed la a converted Saivation 
Army Citadel behind Kendalls 
main street, within minutes ef 
the mountains and the feU& Nefl 
Eckersley, foe Olympic hantnm- 
wejaht bronze medallist, and 
Can Finney, the bantam weight 
who surprised everyone — except 
his Kendal training partners — 
by winning the British Open this 
year are a m o ng the 12 top 
players rerident at the centre. 

And although it has been open 
for jnst two months, it has 
already attract e d visits from 
foreign teams, including 

Switzerland and Norway, as wefl 
as from leading members of 
Britain's men's and women’s 

The centre indndes n dqjo 
(training hall), weights room, 
cafeteria, looage and residential 
facilities for op to 50 players 
after a complete refit of the 
citadel. The scheme has cost 
£200400, with £17400 coming 
from grants and the rest from 
private industry and individual 
sponsors, led by the Colin 
Dray colt Group. 

MaccoeneU has even trans- 
planted a DttJe bit of Japan to 
the Lake District. On entering 
the building sandals are sub- 
stituted for outdoor shoes — ** it 
keeps the place dean** — and 
instead of foe atriqnifoos sauna 
there is a Japanese-style bath. 

And foe training itself departs 
a little from foe vogue of uftra- 
spedfic preparation. In addition 
to programmes for weight train- 
ing and diet and careftd menifer- 
ing of technical progress, foe 

jndo students can find; them- 
selves fell running, canoeing, 
mountain walking and bivouack- 
ing for a night — all ta produce a 
tough mental approach as well 
as provide some variety. 

“It is so met h ing that Britain 
has needed for years,” Eckersley 
said. “Most ef foe other leading 
jodo countries have some kind of 
set-ap where the top players can 
train foU-time together and jest 
concentrate on that training- 
japan has its diversities^ "Ros- 
sia and the ocher Easten»_£oro- 
pean countries have -their 
professioiiai approach tOT^port 
and France has a large' Centre 
jnst outside Paris. Even South 
Korea, which has become very 
strong, has one mnversity jnst 
for jndo. It is difficult to compete 
against people who have that 
kind of support.” 

Eckersley’s Olympic success 
was proof that Maccoo nett's 
ideas could produce results. For 
although foe Kendal Jndo Cen- 
tre has been open for only two 

it existed m nrin- 
mtnre for some time. 

Over foe past four years eight 
promising jodo players, mdad- 
ing Eckersley, have been 
crammed Into MacconnelTs 
three-bedroom Lake District 
stooe cottage deep in foe 
Howgfl] FeOs hoping that plans . 
fora proper centre would materi- 
alize.** Frankly, looking back on 
it, I don't know bow we lasted 
oat.” Eckersley remarked. 

There they followed the rou- 
tine that has more or less been 
transplanted to the more spa- 
cious and luxurious environment 
of foe Kendal Jndo Centre: 
8J0an, Continental breakfast; 
9.30- !I _30, running and tech- 
nique work on the jndo mat; 
12.30 lunch; 24-44, weights or 
snbsidoary training; 5.0, 
substantial meal; 7.30, fighting 
practice or a visit to another 

Philip Nicksan 


Wonssarshn (Sjxs) o&at Scotland by 
two NKXH4 
SCOTLAMk 109 for 9 


TS Curtis not out : 40 

DBtfCHflwrac Henry to Kar 8 

G A Hx* c Snodgrass b Duttm 0 


Match aba ndo n ed: Dsroysntro&xsl bat 
Lacasnrstm on a taster scoring rate. 
DB»Y8 H BE238fcr8(.MABoMng69L 
K J Barnett 52) 

D N Patel few b Outfti* 2 

P A Noalec Russel bMdr 0 

M J W eston b Donald 11 

SJ nudes be b Henry 3 

P J Newport run out ________ 5 

N V Radford 0 Henry 11 

R K Bngwonb not out 17 

Exras(bl,l>4.w7.nbl) __ 13 

Total 110 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14, 2-14. 3^3. 4- 
24, 5-41, 546.7-53, 8-71 
BOWUNG: Duttne 11-2-18-2: Kar 5-0-16- 
1. Mor 105-22-1; Donald 11-4-20-1; 
Henry 11-4-17-2: KJrkwooa 1-0-120. 
Urr^res: B Dudtoston and D Ostoar 


OLD TRAFFORD: Yoriabn ( 2pts} beat 
L a masnre by 8 wicMts 


G Foster c and DStoeooaom 7 

G □ Mends few Stcaoooom 0 

S J CSnaugtviessy to Stevenson 8 

’GHUowJcPJHwSeyD&deboctom 101 

N h Faxbrotner b Camck 23 

J Aoranams c Stiatoomm b Jarvis _ 39 

C Maynard o Stevenaon 9 

PJ W Alott b Stevenson _ 2 

J Simmons not out 10 

M Watknson b SKtebottom 0 

Extras ( lb 3, « 2,nb4) 9 

Total ( 9 wkts. 55 overa) 208 

P J W Aflott (M not baL. . 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-0. 2-9, 206. 4-87, 
5-181. 6-195. 7-197. 8-203. 9206. 

K P Butcher c Raoens b Hotdng l 0 

A Got* e Anderson b Monsnsan 4 

L Potter cMPar to Mortsnsan 5 

"D I Goworc Ftemy b Hottng ; ; 11 

J J Wlxtakar c Anderson bMorfnsBD 2 

N E Bnera C Rnhay b MSer 0 

PBCwtc Anderson bMOer 7 

P A J Da Frwasmtout — 8 

W K R Bernarar? notour 4 

Extras (4 j 2, ntoZ) 4 . 

Total (7 w«8. 20 overs) _____ ~53 
LB Taylor and J P Acpew (fid not baL 
FAU. OF VWCKETG 1-0, 2-S. 3-1 1; 42& 
5-26, 6-38,7-45 

BOWUNG HokSng 7-1-132: Mortemen 
8-1-17-3: Mliar 4.^132 RusaaS34«4L 
Umpras: H D Bird and S J Meyer 

and successful exponents, in 1971, when they rained 
That the most recent of them, their only victory in 32 Test 
Sivararoakrishnan. is not here matches in this country. Of 
now is a great disappointment their last 42 Test matches, 
to anyone who enjoyed watch- they have won only one, 
ing film in India in the winter almost as remarkable a record, 
of 1984-85. He had a moder- though in reverse, as West 
ate tour of Australia at the end Indies'. 


Match to forget for 
debutant goalkeeper 

y Yorks 

BOWLMGr SWabohom 11-624-4: Jarvis 
11-1291; Stevenson 11-9593: P J 
Hartley 11-05 5-0: Can fck 11-1-391 

M D Moxon notoS^H!^ 1 106 

G Boycott c Maynard to Aflott ______ 55 

K Sharp lb* b oKnraors 0 

J D Love notout 34 

Extras (b15.w1.nb1J 17 

. Total ( 2 wWa, 51 overs) 212 

S N Hartley. L Bafcstow. P Cteric*. A 
Sxtetooctorn.PJ Hatley. GB Stevenson. P 
w Janas <M not bsl 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-123 2-130. • 

BOWUNG Makmaoh 99162; ABott 19 
1-31-1,- Watfcmson 11-0-50-0; 
CTStwiphoessy 9-V47-Q; Simmons 11-9 
391 rAorahan* 4-1-152.' 

Chelsea 1 

Watford ..5 

Goalkeeper Les Ridge suf- 
fered a humiliating debut as 
Chelsea's dismal borne record 
continued to the last game. 
WatfonFs romp to their biggest 
away, win of the season began 
after only 90 seconds when foeir 
captain, Brian Talbor shot borne 
from the edge of the box. 

From then on Chelsea always 
looked vulnerable .and it was no 
surprise when- ] 7-year-old 
Fridge, the third team goal- 
keeper. was forced to pick foe 
ball out of the net again two 

minutes before the interval - 
again from Talbot. 

After 63 minutes, substitute 
Dave Bardsky got Watford's 
fond with a well struck freekkrk 
through foe Chelsea wall and 13 
minutes later be ended a 50-yard 
run to 4-0. 

. David Speedie reduced foe 
defiaraflera defensive error but 
Colin West restored the four- 
goal advantage after 85 minutes 
to the delight of the Watford 
supporters ampng Chelsea's 
lowest league gate of the season 
of 1-2,017.- 

It was the sixth successive 
time Chelsea had foiled to win at 
Stamford Bridge. 


Burnett takes over 


20. BrigMtxi Jte 11: Onbott Onom 14, , 
Souewnpton Shoonrcll; DcxJg- 

«rs 15. wwIM Owtora 2. I 

TIM (MM Cfey Stek Sdmmdars ft 
Burgess H>i Rscfns 11; Toabooga Baccate 
v ^^g^West London Blitaa 


ZURICH: 1. A OB SWa (Port. 8 hr 49 min 23 
SBC 2. S Bauer pent 3. A Van dor Poe! 
0*m- *. G Lamond lUSt 5. J -P 
vaooenbrsnm(BeO;ft J vora parftteleama 

In the seventh round of the 
Sbdl Oils Transnational 1300cc 
championship at Brands Hatch 
yesterday Roger Burnett, the 
Rothmans Honda Britain rider, 
look over the lead to win after 
bis team mate Roger Marshall 
feU at Druids. ■ 

Marshall, who put ip foe 
feslesi lap -before being side- 
lined. was uninjured as be 
watched Neil Robinson, from 
Ulster. seize the opportunity to 
finish second on his RGSDOcc 
Suzuki after a hard-fought battle 
with Gary Lingham. riding a. 

. The first transnational 250cc 
race was won easily by grand 
prix rider Donnie McLeod. 
McLeod fared worse in the 
eighth round.' however, when be 
pulled out with macMne prob- 
lems after 14 laps to leave, a 
three-way split bet we en even- 
tual winner- Nigel Bosworth 
(Yamaha), Carl Fogarty 
(Yamaha) and Darren Dixon 
(Honda). ... 

challenge from the veteran rider 
PhD MeUor (Suzuki). 

The pair passed mid-race 
leader Dale Robinson (Suzuki) 
after Robinson led for six laps 
when foe early leader and race 
favourite Roger Burnett came 
off at Paddock on the new 
Honda VFR750cc machine. 
Honour was partially redeemed 
by Marshall who pul in a furious 
pace and a fastest lap to finish 

The second l300cc race saw 
Marshall in command from the 
start until Burnett dosed in, 
making it his double of foe day. 
He leads the championship 
from Marshall by 19 points. 

The next round in foe series of 
nine is at Mallory Park on June 


J^handGoraez M J RogaraUtAu^anaS 

(WG) « G Satwfrrt lAroL 2 *. 7-6,94. 
Wmn— *i doflbtovr Gnt and SatmtW tj Q 
RamantelP AcOandR WMa (U^.62.62. 

.^T ' * • . 

*v . I -4 : *. i 


39 i_ -i- 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 

BBC r 

MO Ceefax AM. 

6^0 Breakfast Time with Frank 
Spoflti and Selina Scott 

Weather at 6J6, 7 
7*55, 8^ and(L55; 
arxi traffic at 8.57,7.27, 
7-5 7^8^ 7; national and 


sport at 7^0 and &20; a 

review of the morning 
newspapers at8J7.Rus, 


M Good Morning Brtafn 
presented by Anno 
Diamond and Nick Owen, 
Exercises at news 


junior advice line at 732 
followed about an h< 

— «.i hour 

later with the adult version; 
Alan Titehmarsh's 

gardening advice; and a 
recipe from Glynn 

930 The Goode KRchen. 


^^Se 7 SS? 

wa moors murder victim 
teto about the 20-year old 
crime at 83% Jimmy 
wsaves remembera the 
j™s.wfth Kenneth 
wmams and Ann SheHpn 
at 932. 

i TV/LON DON : ' 

Shirley Goode with more 
ideas for inexp 

fish, fr) 936 

i but 
i week on 


1230 News After Nqqr with 
Richard Whitmore and 
Frances Coverdale, ' 
indudes news hearffinee 
with subtitles. 1235. 
Regional news and 

1.00 Pebble mat One with 
Magnus Msgnusson. 
Josephine Buchan and 
Paul Cota. Dog trainer 
Sylvia Baker has advice on 
how to curb an over- 
exhuberant canine; and for 
an owner who chides her 
nervous dog too much; 
and Gordon Beningflefd 
exhibits some of his 
landscape paintings and 
offers advice to budcflng 
outdoor artists. 1.45 Moo 

„ and SmW(r) 2.00 Ceefax. 

3.15 Praise Bel ThoraHird 
introduces popular. 
hymns.(Ceefax) (shewn bn 
Sunday) 332 Regional 

335 Pigeon Street For the 
very young fr) 435 Laura! 
and Hardy. Cartoon 
version 4.15 Jonny Briggs. 
Episode nine of the 13- 
part serial, (rt 435 Lift OfB 
Magic from The Great 
Soprendo: and the Vicious 
Boys decfoeto swim the 

435 John Craven’s 

Newsround 5.05 Seaview. 
Comedy series about a 
famity-ren seaside 
boarding house 5 lK Rdf 
Harris Cartoon Time. 

630 News with Sue Lawiey and 
Nicholas Witchefl. 


635 London Plus, presented 

935 Thame* news headlines. 
=30 For Schools: avoiding ttw 
use of the word mce 930 
Natural history of lamifisr 
sucrouodmgs 1039 

Children taka their dog to 

ayet and then the vel 
attends to a sk* cow. 
1038 Biology experiment 
the Isolation and 
metabolism of 
mitochondria 10-48 How 
various animals 
communicate 11.10 
Summer on the farm 11.27 
The importance of keeping 
’Ctean 11,44 Engfehi 
episode two ofthe drama. 
Izzy, by Jan Mark. 

1230 CocktesheS Bay. S 

adventures of the Cockle 
twins.12.10 Rainbow. 

•WatehtogUUMES IN 
CHARGE ({TV. 9.00pm), 1 had to 
keep reminding myself that, 


contrary to the tndsnes, this 
was not Dickens on an ofF 
day. It was much more difficult to 
talk myseffinto the conviction 
that it was Fay Weldon on a good 
day. After giving one good, 
feminist line to a nursemaid 
("Men have their principles, 
women pay for them"), she 
WBas on us the student lover 
of a married Belgian woman who 
Wes to lure her away from 
husband, cbfldren, and alien 

cuisine, by promising her 
"You will never again dine off 
shepherd's pie and coiled 
, , EngUsb-styte".Thts 
aiming liberation offer 

famUar with those Dickensian 
faflan women who ffit about m the 
shadows with faces cowled, 
w« soon guess whai is afooLThe 
Dickensian Ink is 
strengthened by Julian Glover, 
as the aggrieved 

austere BBC TV 
Dombey.Thers is .however, more 
me nursemaid who, i 

movies .Every time I see it, I feel I 
am discovering its delights 
for the first time, ft certainly made 
the world at large aware Of 
the acting and musical talent of, 
respectively, Judy Davis and ■ 
Rohan Schumann. 

(Radio 3. 930pm). a mini-drama 
by Arthur Miller, is much 
more’eomptex than any plot- 
outline would lead you to 
expectmarried man goes to 

the use of gariic.opines that 

id inflame 

snoptp buy gift for his 

m friend wt 

Jaffa HBte (right) fp Ladies In 
Charge, ITV ,930pm 

is not enougtfto prevent the 

emng wife turning Into what (BBC23J»pm)xurtain-ralserfor 

sounds like a ghosLAnyone a season or Australian 

rich food inflames the senses - 
and that is why foreigners are 
the way they ere. 

•Best of the rest on TV 
toda y-G H on Armstrong's MY 


woman friend who may, or may 
not. De dying of canoar.Snop 
owner may, or may not. be a 
shop owner. I see the play as 
a debate about commitment. One 
thing, at least is ciearthere 
are two subtle performances 

from Sam wannamaker and 
Catron Baker . 

Peter Davalle 

BBC 2 

( 835 Open Unare ntty s A Portrait 
of Summer SchooL Ends 
at 730. 

930 Ceefax. 

935 Daytime on TWo: the 
BodybuBcfing World 

Leamk^iv^tfypu^pett <t) 

1230 - 

130 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 130 Thames news. 
130 Rtty/Fifty. Detective 

230 Mnd af g ht, presented by 
Christian Dymond. The 
Lord Lambton political sex 
scandal is recalled by 
Derek Jameson, Norman 
St John Steves and Shirley 


impenai Coflege, London, 
v Somerville Coflege, 
Oxford. 335 Thames 
news head fines 330 The 
Young Doctor*. 
CocJdeshefl Bay. 


makers iai5 Sex 
education for eight- to tarv 

S i 1038 A peasant 
at has moved 
countryside to the 
slums erf Beta Itoraonta. 
one of Brazil's biggest 
cities 1130 Different 
homes in which different 
people five 11.17 Walrus 
1139 Microelectronics as 
a controller 1232 
Problems for young 
teenagers 1207 Ceefax 
1230 The first of four fflm 
on how Northampton 
Middle School coped with 

the arrival of computers 
ix 230 For 



.A repeat 

of the programme shown 
on Arc 


by Jeremy Paxman. 
7.00 Terry and June. 

. at noon 4.10 The 
Blunders. 430 Sc 

Matthew Corbett; 

Frank Thornton 435 
Cartoon featuring Woody 
Woodpecker 4.45 Splash, 
preserttedby Michael 
Grafo, Victoria Studd and 

5.15 &WJUJC Episode two of 
toe serial about a young 
girt whose fife is ruled By a 
teenage magazine's 

1235 Ceefax 

four- and five-year olds 
2.15 Basic conversational 
German, (ends at 230) 
240 Sex education for 
hearing impaired children. 
330 Ceefax. 

535 News summary with 
. subtitles. Weather. 

530 Goto’ Places. Harry 
Granon is at the annual 

three day horse-driving 
trials atOsberton Had, 

Notti ngha m sh ire- (First 
shown on BBC North). 
630 Wtristie Test introduced 

by Mark ERen and Andy 
Kershaw, to the studio are 

reel $ 


cs o !: 

t into the office i 

. Terry offers June's 
services to make toe tea 
for the match, (r) 

7.30 EastEndeis.Dotxsthe 
recipient of a windfall after 
receiving a worrying letter; 
Narnia has a visit from the 
protection racket mob; 
and Den tells Angie he to 
gorncM^ for toe day. 

830 Juliet Bravo. Kate comes 
into conflict with the new 
head of the C1D after an 
armed robbery. He thinks 
that it is his department's 
investigation, Kate insists 

that as she kw the car - 
with the rbbMft' inside, " 
she should be handing the 
case, (t) (Ceefax) 

830 Points of View with Barry 

830 A Party Pofitieat 

Broadcast on behalf of toe 
SOP/Uberal Alliance, with 
Lynda Baron and Stanley 
Lebor. ■ 

935 News with JufiaSomervffle 
and Andrew Harvey. 

935 The Kenny Everett 

Television Show. Another 
selection of comedy 
sketches from the talented 

5-45 Mews with Card Barnes 
. 630 Thames jtews and 

635 Reporting London. Two 
days before the first direct 
election for toe (LEA, a live 
debate between the 
leaders of the three main 
ILEA parties -Frances 
MorreR (Labour). David 
Amory (Conservative), and 
Anne Sofer (SOP/Uberal 
AWance) - and an audience 

7.QQ Emmerdate.Fefni. Seto 
loses a priceless 

730 buty Free. Comedy series 
about two British coupfes 
on holiday together in 
Spain, (r) (Oracle) • 

830 M«gnum.jhe detective 
becomes a viating lecturer 
at the focal University, on 
The subject of private 
± ~ i — “TBtfon.iand helps a 

' “ mysterytrf her fiance’s 

800 Laities to Charge. The first 
of a new drama series 

starring Carol Royie. Jula 
HiSs and Juba Swift. 

' (Orade) (see Choice) 
1030 AParty Pofittarf 

funny man. (ri 
10.05 Miami Vice. Crocket 


kett and 

Tubbs use a beautiful drug 
addict in their attempts to 
nail a drug-dealing baron. 

Ftim 88 wfth Barry 
Norman. Clue, the film 
based on the game 
Cfuedo. starring Tim Curry 
and Madeleine Kahn, is 
among those films 
reviewed; and there is a 
film profile of independent 
cinema proprietor, Peter 

11.25 Ideas Unfimitatd. (r) 

1130 Weather. 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
SOP/Uberal Affiance. 
1036 News with Aiastair Burnet 
. and Pamela Armstrong. 
1035 A 90 Minute Nuclear 
Special introduced by 
Jonathan DJmbtaby. 
Nuclear experts around 
the world, finked by ■ 
sateffite, discuss the - 
Chernobyl disaster and 
whether or not it could 
hanoen in this country. 

.The story of the. 

friendship between two 
young men, set in a 
wfidemess survey camp to 
the Rocky Mountains. 
1230 Night Thoughts. 


Julian Lennon, on the eve 
of his European tour, and 
Half Man, Half Biscuit, a 
group that has been 
likened to the Bonze Dog 
Doo Dah Band. 

6JM Harold Lloyd* Cfips from 
the master comedian’s 
films. Welcome Danger, to~ 
which he plays a detective 
on toe trail of a dregs - 
baron; ahdNext Aisle 
Over to which Jie is a slide 
, . salesman. ' 

7.10 World Snooker. David Vine 
Introduces a programme of 
highfights from toe 17-day 
Embassy World 
Professional Snookar - 

530 The NaturaiWorid. A “ 
documentary about . 
Sennetager, a Nato 
training ground to 
Germany that has become 
a haven forwikflrfer 
830 Top Gear. Sue Baker and 
Russell Bray test a • . 
number of afi-tenairi • 
vehicles; aid WtUfara - 
Wodltardte to the Volvo 
480 ES/ - 
930 Ffinc My BrfiSant Career 

and SarfcN^ An awards 
winning story to oderi an 
Austrafian film season. 
SybyHa is determined to 
rise above the outback 
poverty into which she . 
was bom and to make a 
wonhwhfie career for ' 
.herself. A chance arises 
when she is invited to her 
grandmother's estate. 
There she meets a young 
landowner fo whom she - 
becomes attracted. 

Directed by GlMan - 
Amn strong. 

HWO A Party Political 

Broadcast on behalf of the 
SDP/Liberai Affianca. . 

1045 Newwtight includes a 
report ty Vihcent Hama 
on the west Dwbysnfra 
by-eiection. ■ 

1130 Weather. 

1135 Open Unfcremfty: . 

- . . Chancellor’s School Ends 


230 Ulster Landscapes. 

Professor Peter Woodman 
talks about the (fig he 
supervised at Mown 
Sandal near Coleraine 
which unearthed huts and 
artefacts of men who fived 
to Ulster 9300 years ago. 

235 FBimSwafieeR}ver(ia3S 
starring Don Ameche and 
AiJobon. A musical 
biography of the the fife of 
the 19th century 
songwriter, Stephen 
Foster. Directed by Sidney 

430 Countdown. Yesterday’s 
winner is challenged by 
Laurie Puddefoot from 

Effingham, Surrey. 
Presented by Richard 




Be wit ch ed. Prince 
Charming is called up by 
Tabatha to order to nna 
out what happened attar 
he married toe Sleeping 
Beauty. But chaos reigns 
when the Prince turns up 
at Samantha’s dinner 

Sintobfity -Decorating 
with a Difference. The 

final programme of the do- 
it-yourself decorating 

series, presented by 

Jocasta limes. Preparing 

furniture for painting is i 

week s subject (Oracle) 
~ irtflveor 

630 Marco Polo. Part five i 
. : the eight-episode drama 
serial tracing the 
adventures of the 
celebrated explorer. 

Starring Ken Marsh afl, 
nhoim Bliott David 


Warner and Leonard 

730 Channal Four Nawa with 
Peter Sissons and Alastair 
Stewart, indudes a report 
from Edward Stourton in 
Washington on tha 
controversial tabbying 

activities c4 tormer 
Reagan aide, Michael 

730 Comment from Jocelyn 
Hey. chairman end 
founder of ’Voice of the 
Listener* Weather. 

830 Bfookaide. Damon leaves 
the Close for toe healthier 
dimes of Torquay, despite 
Bobby’s efforts to' make 
him stay. 

830 4 What Vs Worth. 
Consumer affairs 
programme presented by 
PerjnyJunor. A special ' 
edition investigating toe 
state of the water industry 
and what the private 
investor would be buying. 
930 FtimJolaon Sinn Agate 
(1949) starting Larry 
Parkas. A musical 
biography of the later 9fe 
of tofrentertainer including 
his troop concerts during 
toe Second Wbrid War and 

the making of the first film 
Ws fife. With Barbara 

of Ms file. 

Hale and WfiSam 
Demarest Directed by 
Henry Levin. 

1030 The Comic Strip . 

Pres en ts — War. a comical 
account of how a young 
couple’s attempts to 
escape a war-tom 
England are stymied by a 
series of unNktey 
Adventures. Starring Dawn 
French and Daniel' - 

Peacock, fri 

1130 Archie Butkerts Place. 

Archie is in a flat spin. It b 
tha day of toe opening of 
Ms restaurant and ha 
doesn't have a cook. 

1145 Their LordsW House, 
grits of toec 

Htghfigrits of 


of Lords. 

in the 
at 1230. 

( Radio 4 

Mtongwms. VHF variations at end 

535 Shipping 630 News briefing, 
weather 6.10 Farming 
635 Prayer (s) 

630 Today, inducing 630, 
730330 News 645 

Business News 635, 735 
Weather 730, 830 News 
7.2B letters 7.2S, S3S Sport 
7.45 Thought for the Day 
836 Yeswday to Parliament 

843 No comebacks by 

Frederick Forsytti. read 

by SEan Barrett. 837 


930 News 

935 Tuesday Call: 01-580 
4411. Listeners can 
express their views, and 
question experts, about a 
subject of currant interest 
1030 News; From Our Own 
Correspondent Life and 


1030 Monring Story; Tarqutn 
and Dennis by Keith 
Goods!. Reader NeH Capfe 
1045 Daily Service (New Every 

1130 NwS?ra^®TO%- 
minute Theatre: A Rose 
on the Obverse by Timothy 
Jackson. With Pauline 
Letts. Timothy Bateson. 
Duncan Gould (s) 

1133 The Living World. 

Magazine edition 
presented by Peter France 
1230 News; You and Yours. 
Consumer programme, 
wth Pattie Cold well 
1237 Brain of Britain 1986 (s) 

Nationwide general 
knowledge. First round; 

Midlands. 1235 
Weather. Travel 
130 The World AT One; News 
140 The Archers. 135 

230 News; Woman’s Hour. 
Includes episode six of 
Maureen upman's How Was 
It For You? 

330 News: The AftemonPtey. 
Euphoria by Giles Cole. 

With Deborah Makapeoce as 
the woman looking for 

her real mother (s) 

430 News 

435 The Local Network. Paul 
Hemey. witn the help of 
local radio stations, 
examines a sutyect of 
current interest 
430 Kaleidoscope. Repeat of 
■ last night's edition, which 
was devoted to a study of 


the television i 
Dennis Potter, it ir 
comment on his new 
series for BBC Television, 
The Singing Detective. 

Tha interviewer is Paul 

530 PM; News i 
530 Stripping.' 


630 News; Financial report 
630 The Spy Who Cams in 
From the Cold by John le 
Carre. Part two pXs) 

730 News 
735 The Archers 
730 F3e on4 . 

830 Medxane Now. Geoff 
Watts on the health of 
medical care 

830 The Tuesday Feature: 

Ralph Bkd’s River Boat 
Race. Christopher Jones 
talks to Ralph Bird, a 
Cornish boat builder, whose 
dream came true when 
the first pilot gig was 
constructed in Faknouth 

930 in Touch. For people with 
a visual handicap 
930 A Sideways Lock At. 

Anthony Smite 
945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on tee Sc to Z 
edition of the O.E.D. 

10-15 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Amateur Emigrant (2). 
Reader Paul Young. 1039 


1030 The World Tonight 
U World 

(SMonietta). 130 News 
80S Mommg Concert (cored); 
Granger (Blithe Bens 
and Spoon River), Schubert 

(Quartet movement in C 
mmor, D703), Bartok 
(Concerto for Orchestra). 
930 News 

935 TTris Week's Composer 
Ockeghem. Hrifiard 
Ensemble perform tee 

of the Requiem 
945 London SO (under 

Horanstein). Bruch (the 
Scottish Fantasy, with Oevid 


Oistrakh. violin), and 
(under Pravm). Waiton'i 
Symphony No 1 
English Praises: BBC 
Singers in muse tor 
men’s voices from the 15te 
and 16tn centuries. 

including works oy Leonei 
Power and John 

1130 Fou Ts’ong: piano 

recital. Scariam sonatas 
Including tee D minor. Kk 
213; the D. Kk 443, the C 
mnor, Kk4fii , and the C, Kk 
461. Also Chopin's 
Sonata No 3 

1235 BBC Scottish SO (under 
i). Part one. 

1 (Prometheus 
WBson (Symphony No 2). 
130 News 

135 Concert part two. 

Bruckner (Symphony No 

2.15 Guitar Encores: Eric HB 
plays works by Jorge 
Morel. Ivor Makants. Jim 
Hall. Jimmy Van Heusen 
and Jerome Kern (Aa the 
things you are) 

245 Mainly Mozart 

recordings of the Quintet 
In E flat K 452: the concert 
aria to ciet: 

Jennifer Vyvyaasoprano), 
Piano Concerto No 16. 
with Firkueny assoJoistLAJso 
Schuberts Bitr’acte in B 
flat. Rosamunds) 

430 EJysian Wind Quintet 
with Anthony 

Goklstone.prano. Dana 

11.15 The Fmanctai I 

1130 Today in Parliament 
1230 News; Weather. 1233 

VHF (available In England and 
S. Wales only) as above excepC 
535-639 are Weather. Traveh 
11.00-1230 For Schools 135-330 
pm For Schools 530^35 PM 
(coremued).l 130-12.10 am Cfoen 
University; 1130 Open Forum: 
Student's magazine. 1130 
Elements in tee Balance. 1230- 

1.10 Schools ftaht-Time 
rig: Radio 

r. 1230 Softs. 1230 



and Resource 

(~ Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end pf Radio & 

635 Weather. 730 News 
735-Momtng Conceit 
-. Sfoafius (Suite 
■ r.champetre). Brahms 

" jgfenabons «xi ateeme by 

umann. Op 23: Eden and 
Tama, pianos). Poulenc 


56 No 2), and Thuiaa 
xtet to B flat for piano 
and wind quintet. Op 6). 435 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 

music, presented bny 
Richard Baker 

630 Music in 14th Century 
Ensemble in works written 
for dotste rand college 

7.00 Mozart Christian 
Zacharias (piano). 

Sonata in B flat. K 281; 
Sonata in F, K 494 and K 

745 Bernstein conducts the 
LSO.The Queen and tee 
Duke of Edinburgh listen to 
performances of 
Bernstein music at the 
Barbican Hafl.With Aled 
JonasJtreble). Gidon Kramer 
(violin), and Krystian 
Zi merman (piano). Part one: 
Chtchesrar Psalms; 


840 Munchausen Telis the 
Tale: talk by Idris Parry, 
Erheritus Professor or ' 
German at Manchester 

830 Concert pert two. 
Bernstein's Symphony 
No 2 

930 Begy for a Lady: Carroll 
Baker and Sam 
Wanamaker in the play by 
Arthur Miller 

1025 Bwteoven; Brandis 
Quartet of Beriin. String 
r. Op 132 

Quartet to A minor. Op ' 
11.15 Another World: 

Japanese Noh theatre 
musie. Otana; Sanbaso(Suzi 
no dan); Jo no mai 
(teutso). and Shtslti 
1137 News 1230 Closedown. 
VHF only: Open 
Unrversity.From6.35am to 635. 
Artists and philosophy. . 

( Radio2 ) 

On medium wave. See RacSo 1 

430 are Charles Nova (s) 530 

930 Kan Bruce (s) 11.00 Jimmy 
Young, tod medicei questions 




1 is 








no re, 
■b of 





; area 

> a 


Tune (s) 330 A J 
Broadcast by tee SOP/Uberal 
Affiance 33S Oevid Hamitton (s) 
535 John Durm taSca to tee 
cast of Chess (s) 730 Bob Hoiness 
PTBsents (te925 Songby 
by Sondheim 935 sports 
1 0 .00 The Law Game- 
Show Taylor asks lain Johnstone. 
June Whftfleid and Christopher 






al a 

to atve the* verdicts 1038 
y I Haven’t A Clue (with 
oka-Taytar, Wffie Rushton, 


Tim Broote-Tayter, 

Barry Cryer.3raeme Garden, 
Humphrey Lyttieton) 1130 Brian 
Matthew presents Round 

i as 

it ex- 











Midnight (stereo from midnight 
130 sm Peter Dickson (s) 330- 
430 A UttiB Night MudC 9s). 

( Radio 1 ) 

530 am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith 930 Simon Bates 1230 
newsbeot (Ftank Partridge) 

1245 Gary Davies (this week’s Top 
40 stogets chart) 330 Steve 
Wright 530 Newsbeat (Frank 



6 if 







ind at SJO, a Tap40 stnalea chart 
730 Janice Long ind John 

Walter's diary 1030-1230 John 

diary ■ 

Peel (S). VHFRADIOS 1 A fc- 
430 am As Radio 2. 1030 As Radfo 
1.1230-430 am As Radio 2. 


) a 

of a 

I the 
ty of 






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lir ■ 


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800 Nevada* LM Counterpart 730 

feSfoiKags, jsacis 

News 839 ndlsotions 0-15 Trterea for 

Tomorrow U0 TeBdno About Mualcl. . 
News 9. 09Ro v to w or the Bnun Press 

0-ICTheWono Today OJinnanaai News 
9.40 Look Ahead 9.45What , s New 
lOOONewa UUHMsccvwy 1130News 
1139NSWS About Brttate H.15Wove- 
lulde 113S Letter From Scotland 
IJOSports International tZ30Redo 
Newsreel I2.150pen Sesamel 
12._45S ports Roundup I.OONews 
ir Hours 13t»letworti UK 
-- . - of toe Week 2300uttook 
24S0evdMunrow XOORadio Newsreel 
f15A JoSjr Good Show 43QNewa 
4.09 Commentary 4.lSOmnlbus 


The BOx 

B-lDBook Choice fl-iSConcen 

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IttOONews 1039The Wortd Today 1035A 
* From Scotland 10JC*W>owi 



_ l0.4OBeftecgo n s 
ftoundup l130News 11J 

II.ISThe Pop Press llj; 

ll-Mforaonei Story 12.MNew'i 
1239News About Britain 12.1GH actio 
Newsreel 1 2300 mm Dus 130 News 
131 Outlook 





be i 

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1310utlook laOReport on Rekgmn 
14SCoumry Style 230News 239Rewew 
(M we Bnbsn Prau 2.1SBuitw tnteriule 

ZJOPnoa and Premdlca aooNews 
339NewS About BrmbiS^SltieiWtond 
Today 4-45Hnaneial News ASSReflec- 
tiens S3Wews S39TWenty-Four HOun 
&45the world Today. Al trines in GMTAfl 
times in OUT. 

FREQUENCIES: Radio 1:1053kHz/285mrt089kHz/275m; Radio 2: 693JcHz/433m; 909kH/433tn; Radio 3: l215kHz/247m: VHF -90^ 
?2A^cfcA200l^l500m VHF -92^5; LBC:J15aHz/261m; VHF 973; Capital: 1548kHz/l94m: VHF 953; BBC Ratfio London 
145Ortty206m: VHF 943; World Service MF 648kHz/463m. “ ** • 

t US 

Out 1030-1840 Hideaway 1130-1135 

News and weedier! 

1030-1030 Dotaman S35pm-730 Re- 
porting Scodtno 830830 Orrty a 
Game 1050-1139 F33. 11^-11^ 
Ftitn 86 113S-1230eiD Ideas UriMR- 
ed 1230-1235 weattar NORTHBmRE- 

IAND SJSpn-SMI Today's Sport 
r9 _£_ iatt5 

5.40-630 Inskle Ulser ! 

VMteside 1130-1135 News end 
westtwr ENQLAW) 635pm-730 Ragian- 
al news magazines. 

-TC U/ As London! 

JLSSL IZJOpm-130 Ster Choice 130 
News 130-230 HOW 330-430 Sons 
535 Crossroads S30 Today Scute 
wen «3S TatovlBWV 530-730 Carson s 
Lew 130830 TJ Hoohar 1135 
Postscript 1140 Beginner's Guide to 
"AOsoiutB Begsinefs’' 12.11am 

H TVWEST £^%^, 


130-230TheB«oai _ 

SWALK. 630 News. 635-730 Cros*- 
roads. 730Emmerdeie Farm. 930- 
830 Murder. She Wrote. 1135 Man m a 
Suttasa. 1235am Ctosedown. 


«30 Schools. 830 p n>83S Wales at 


*38 Ran id Hart 330-800 Horses 

tor Courses 5.15-5^5 SWALK 630 Good 

Evanau Uisar 6^ Dory Notes 
635-730 Crossroads t3o- 930 Falcon 
Crest 1136 A for Agnetha 123Sen 
News. Cl osedown. 

TVS As London except 13Dpei 

News. 130-230 Country Prac- 

tice 5.15-535 Sons and Daucmers. 


530 Coast to Coast 82S I 

730 Crassroeds. 1135 The Champi- 
ons. 1235am Company. Closedown. 


Ing Tune. 130 News. 138*30 Atter- 

nocn Pteynouse. 5.15-545 SWALK. 030 
Orosaoads. 635-730 Central News. 
11.35 Pump Boys and Ornettes. 1230am 


Rapws 130 Scarecrow and I __ 

King 235-230 Home Cookery 330430 
Sons and Daughters 5.15-545 Gre- 
nada 30: The uustommen 630 Granada 
Reports 630 Tha is YcurFhgm 635- 
7.00 Crossroads 1135 Granada 30: Don't 
Knock the Rock 1236am 


Gardening Time 130 News 130-230 

New Avengers 5.15845 Emmerdale I 
Farm 530 North Tonigh! 635 CTO88- 

roeds 730-730 Out and About 635830 
Hotel 1140 Hardeastie and McGor- 
itack 1240am News, Ckteedown. 


135 Looxaround 130 Scarecrow 

and Mrs Kmg 235-230 Home CDolrey 
5 SWALK 830 Northern Life 


030-930 hotel 1135 At Lest ft's Mika 
EBoR 1236am Gone Away. 


130pm News. 130- 
lica. 5.15545 

230 Courtry Prwaica. L 

Sons and Daughters. 830 Channel Re- 

port 630 Clasaic Themes. 635-730 
Crossroads. 1030-10.1004 

„ 1030-10.10 Gaty Lloyd 

Sound. 1140 The Champtons. 
T24flem Closedown. 


Al. 130 News. 135230The Baron. 
515-545 Emmerdaie Fern. 630 About 
Angla. 635 Ctoseroeds. 730-730 
Moutonc. 1 13ST J Hookar. 1235am 
Tuesday Topic. Closedown. 

Stats: IMpm Countdown 

130 Alice 230 YtteuCynefin 230 

Ffaiabaiam 235 Hyn o Fyd 
hide 3.10 Shaiiaspaera Lives 340 
Emffshman's Home 435 Bewitched 
435 Hannarawr Fawr 530 Car 54, 

Where Are You? 800 Unicom ta the 
Garden 630 DuBoFwyd MS Sioe Stand 
730 Newyddion Sadh 730 Diwmod 
Arari 800 Mspp and Lucte S30 Storom 
Bywyd945 Arwyddktn FTynid 10.15 
Zastram A Romance 11,15 WMl Being 
1230 Closedown. 

t the 


Gaiaenng Time 130 1 

i 1 

5ul5-54& Emmerdaie FarmS30 
News and Scotland Today. 730-730 
Tata the High Road 8304-00 
Scotianre Remons - the Way Ahead - 
1135 Murder, she Wrote 1236am 
La» Cafl 1240 CAsadowR. 

IRE As London ax- 
lflc oept 1 2 , 1 6p m I4 Q 
Calendar Lunchtime Live 130 News 
130-230 Wptide X30-430 Country Prac- 
tice 5.15-5.45 SWALX 630 Calendar 
630-730 Crossroads 1 140 Sheena Eas- 
ton 1240em CiosedownL 

Mrs. 815-545 SWALK. 630 1 
635-730 CrossroedS.830-930Ho- 
taL 1135 Tales Item the DsrksJda 
1235am Closedown. 



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TO MECCA tar Athol Fuvard. 

CRITERION- s 930 3216 CC 379 
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836 3966. EVflS B OO. Thu mal 
2 JO. SM 5-30 A 8.30. 

•tmThM TAMX AT Its mtt 
D. Maa 

The Thafre ol Comedy C ompany 



Written and dlnctcd by 

S. Exp. Thaatre/dWnor/Cruaften 
S— i w are or Onta £1728. 

HOTLINES 01 580 §845 Oo* OF. 
nr* Ol 636 85387* « Ol S8oj 

reee/3. uni CMiataa-7 oey cc* 





Mon- Fri 7.30 ThO 2-30 SM 6 


DUKE OF YORH5 836 6ia(C 

836 *837/741 7W0 

Cf» Stem *30 WlJ.tmi BO. 
Thu Mai 3. Sal * 6. 6.30 . 


Hu Ootnrdv Hr MeMld Harm 
Directed By Jue Mttaow 
Standard Drama Amted 1984 
rtteMTOtOAFfUr' , 
T On* “HM uir awflener yrettwi 

for. wort" D MR "MfEtaJp 
taka the dm. CO NOW** D TM 

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EVB* 8.0 MMB WM 3-0 Sal 80 A 

Group Sales 930 6123 

JAN 1987 

DUCHESS 836 82*3/3*0 9608. 

FtrarcaH CC2aO 1200 
<24 bra 7 dull CC 741 9999 CC 
S79 6433 
Sod Uibori now comedy. 




suoTtim . 


.- SEPTEMBER 1986. 

rORTIDK S CC 8362238/9 741 
4999. FwW c»u 24tir 7 day CC 
2*07200 EW 8fYt/Sal 6 A 840 


Laurmcw own- Award l^ea 


■ * ta John Gooter 
M tiDMEHUi COMEDY 1 ’ 8 
Ttawa "SPLENOHr- o Tel 
"One of Dw itewM and tern tiw- 



1 01-836 4601. CC 
379 6 W sec. 2* MV7 day 240 
T20O CRpBIta 9308123. Eve»8 
pm. Wed mat 10 . Sat 5 0 end 8 X 1 


GLOBE 437 1S92. CC 879 6*53 
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Box omc« ft CT Ol -930 9S3S FM 
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tsao. 01-43* 1060. 01-734 

5166/T. Rad Prior Prev*. tram 
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The National Thaatro's acclaimed 
production o* 

Award wrmntog Comedy 


Cum 750. Mala wmb [from June 
IBI and Sate 3D. Advance Book 
tops Period Now Open June 4 

Aog 30 C roup Sales Ol 930 
6123F1RST CALL 24HN 7 DAY 

j O N 01 240 7300 

Cvaa 750 Mat sal 250 


16 a MMfc w mrr season of 


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•30 4025/6606 20*6/2866. 
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A57 2065. CC 754 8961. 579 
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Mon-Sat 7.30. Man wed A Sat 



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01-236 E66B or 741 9999/379 
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OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
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7.3a Wed Maes 2.30. Sals 40 
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OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Group Sales 930 6123. June 3 
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OLIVER ■S’ 92B 2262 CC 

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486 2451 CC 579 6453. CC 
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Mia ropertoa y 16 

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CC 4S7 8327 OT 579 6*33 
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THODRX 836 2294 rr 240 9661 
7*1 9999 2*tir 70ay cc 240 7200 
E»«s B MW Tha 3 8*64 850 



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Pie Cft OOftT TBCATRE 457 
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HOOtnes 370 6668. 741 9999 tap 
Sales 836 3962 <930 6125. 





E*’e» 80 Mate Wed 5 ft tat 6 
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end of September 

VMMCS CMnM Box outer 
TP 8961 rwt can 2* Hr 7 Dan 
cr Booking 836 5*64 Orv SaNS 
' 456 6153 

MoevSal 8. Mat ThUfv ft Bat 340 


the musical 

opens 14 Map *1 7pm 

0215 781312- 

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MM Thu «, Sail 250, 

PIONCC OF WALES 01-930 8681 
• 2 CC HMttnr 930 08** /6/6 Orp 
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7*1 9999 Find Call 24 hr 7 uay 
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1 167. 734 0261. 734 0120. 459 
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A New Play b y Ran ald ” 
"CLEVER, Will ’ 


Directed hy Pater Yateo. 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1867 
Thomu KUrpy. ”A hetitiaat ft 
"■ l lw ptejr-STlmes. Eve* 
8pm. Sal Mata 4pm 

2664. SMRLCT by Andrea 
Dunbar. Evas 750. Sal MAM 
3 30. 

SAVOY am CXUce Ol -036 8888 
CC Ol 579 6219. 856 0*79 £1 
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Saturday 6.0 ft 650 
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24HT 7 Day OC 240 7200. Orv 
Sited 930 6123. 


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240 7200 MOn-Fri 8. Wed mai 

2.30. Ptentae Sat Mil S.BJ 



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D Tet-'BRB-UANT' Mil 06 BL 



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150 Hm Tkdn 
Tue*. Wed tal 750. Tim 
7 oa Every >tan apena May IS. 

For (pedal meal /t h ea t re dote 

and hotel ttop over rue 107891 


“The very best of Britain's comic 
latent- Daily Mall. 

See iroaraie entries under: 



THEATRE ROYAL Stratford tat 
Ol 534 0310. BALLROOM. A 
hew w ay wim music by Robert 
Pnah with mut> Madoc. hu- 
mour aM imncme in the Weteta 
Valleys. Eves at 8. 

VMHVU1, WC2. Box onto 
*«.CC 01-836 9967/56*0. Flrat 
CMHCC24 ICTIOI -240 7200 IRka 
(eci. Cm 75a Wed Malt am 
tats fto ft 8 . 18 . 


YOONO me 928 6363 cc 379 
6*33. Ooens Torn 7wn. E<a 
DM 75 a Mats Today. Tomor 
Fri am. 


E xes 7 *5 plus matt, drama 
S lump S Today ft Tomor 
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5 ★ * + ’★ .★ it 

All’s well that 

ends well 
for Oxford 

By Clive White 

Oxford United 




Oxford United, who have 
played their way into the 
hearts of thousands by their 
stirring Milk Cup perfor- 
mances over the last three 
seasons, culminating in their 
recent Wembley triumph, 
lived lo fight another season 
in the first division yester- 
day. At, strangely, one of Lhe 
less emotive occasions wit- 
nessed at the Manor Ground 
they comfortably defeated 
Arsenal and condemned Ips- 
wich Town to tbe second 
division in their place. 

A goal by Houghton, their 
honest, skilful little midfield 
player, after just nine min- 
utes alleviated the pressure 
and enabled them to- settle 
into a more normal rhythm. 
Arsenal, chasing nothing 
more ambitious than the 
target of finishing above 
Chelsea in sixth place, looked 
distinctly uncombative. 
Steve Burtenshaw. the acting 
Arsenal manager, however, 
saw it differently. He said: 
**We knew the eyes of the 
football public were on this 
game. We had to be seen to be 
having a go. and we did just 
that We knew the impor- 
tance of the game not just to 
Oxford and Ipswich but for 
ourselves as well." 

The game, played after 
Ipswich had finished their 
programme, again raised the 
question of the impartiality 
of staggered finishes. Like 
their East Anglian neigh- 
bours. Norwich City, who 
were relegated last season 
when Coventry pulled off an 
unlikely J victory against 
Everton, the over-committed 
champion's, so Ipswich were 
the victims of a situation in 
which Oxford had the advan- 
tage of knowing exactly what 
was expected of them. 

Ipswich, inferior to Oxford 
by a single point, are relegat- 
ed after 17 seasons in the first 
division. It is five years ago 

Final delay 

Zorich (Renter) — Italy and 
Spain will almost certainly have 
to wait an til after the World Cop 
finals before playing the Euro- 
pean onder-21 championship 
final. The Earopean Football 
Union (UEFA) yesterday con- 
firmed the probable delay and 
said they expected to make a 
decision next week. “I think we 
will somehow have to fit the final 
in daring the aBtHnm," a spokes- 
woman said. Italy, who elimi- 
nated the holders, England, in 
the semi-finals, and Spain, 
qualified for die final last 

to lhe day that they swept 
into an unassailable lead 
against AZ’67 Alkmaar to 
secure the UEFA Cup under 
the management of Bobby 
Robson, now in charge of the 
England team. But an exodus 
of the club's best talent in 
recent seasons has a forced 
them to rely excessively on 

Yesterday it was Oxford 
who had better cause to 
remember their silverware. 
Robert Maxwell, the chair- 
man, who had announced 
before the kick-off that the 
Milk Cup would be paraded 
around the ground, win or 
lose, at the finish, sat excited- 
ly with the trophy upon his 
lap as the game ebbed to- 
wards its inevitable happy 
conclusion for Oxford sup- 
porters. Maxwell even joined 
in on the lap of honour after 
the final whistle though lag- 
ging some distance behind 
his weary players. 

Oxford had gone into the 
game in a poor condition; 
more than half their squad 
were afflicted with injuries. 
Phillips joined Charles 
among the non-starters but 
Briggs deferred an operation 
on a broken cheekbone, sus- 
tained on Saturday, to play 
his part in Oxford's battle for 
survival. Anxiety among 
players and supporters was 
removed by the benefit of an 
early goal. Hebberd delight- 
fully played the ball through 
the middle into space which 

Aldridge quickly filled before 
neatly laying the ball off for 
Houghton. He struck it low 
and confidently inside 
Lukic's near post and it was 
possible almost to hear the 
relief of a packed bouse of 

Oxford maintained the up- 
per hand but created few 
more openings until the sec- 
ond half, though Davis, one 
of the more determined Arse- 
nal players, did head the ball 
off his own line from a cross 
by Houghton that threaded 
its way through the defence. 
Oxford were being lulled into 
a false sense of security and 
might have required Jones to 
have made better of two 
inviting crosses from Hamil- 
ton and Houghton. 

Fortunately for Oxford, 
though, Anderson chose to 
lean on Aldridge in the 71st 
minute as Hamilton lobbed 
the ball into the goalmouth 
and Arsenal handed Oxford 
real security for their future 
with a penalty. Anderson was 
so aggrieved by the decision 
that be earned himself a 
booking and was still seeth- 
ing some while after the 
game. He said:‘ a lpswich have 
been cheated out of the first 
division by that decision.” 
From the penalty spot 
Aldridge, with the tout of a 
feint, sent Lukic the wrong 
way for his 31st goal of the 

Oxford could now coast all 
the way to the finish though 
Hamilton, watched by ms 
Northern Ireland team man- 
ager, Billy Bingham, gave 
them another little push 
when, receiving from 
Houghton, he drove the ball 
beneath the body of the 
advancing Lukic with eight 
minutes remaining. 

Langan. J T rewick, M Jones, G 
Briggs, M Shotton, n Houghton, J 
Aldridge, w Hamilton. T Hebberd. 

S Perryman. 

ARSENAL- J Lukic: V Anderson, K 
Sansom, M Keown. D O'Leary 
(sub: Alflnson), A Adams, S Rob- 
son. P Davis, A Woodcock, C 
Nicholas, G Rlx. 

Referee: K Barrett (Coventry). 

pots and 

r&’wasjifa;.* -• 'iX- -i' ■ 

Hamilton (left) is on his knees but it was Arsenal who were oa the run 

Ipswich keep faith 
with Ferguson 

Spurs get a taste 
for next season 

Ipswich Town's chairman, 
Patrick Cobbold, said that tbe 
relegated dub would be standing 
by their manager, Bobby Fer- 
guson, and their coach, Charlie 
Woods. Cob hold’s team have 
dropped into the second division 
after 18 years in the first but be 
denies that Ipswich's demise 
over the past three years has 
been due to the bonding of the 
£1.4 million pioneer stand. 

It looks as if Terry Botcher, 
the England defender and Ip- 
swich captain, could have played 
his last game far the dub- He 
would not comment oa his future 
other than to say: “Relegation 
was something 1 had not bar- 
gained for." 

player, the 
keeper, Paul Cooper, defended 
Ferguson by saycsg: “No one 
conld have worked harder. It is 
not the manager ’s Cult or the 
players’ fault. 

Cooper, likely to leave the 
dob at the mid of his contract 
after 13 years at Portman Road, 
said: “The manager’s hands 
have bees tied Msfnd his back 
in a way and he has been gven 
no room to manoeuvre. So many 
players have been sold to pay for 
the stand. The warning signs 
have been there but sadly noth- 
ing has been due about ft." 

By a Special Correspondent 




Swindon (ream-toppers 

Swindon Town 1 

Crewe Alexandra 0 

Swindon Town, the fourth 
division champions, set a 
League points record when they 
beat Crewe in theft fetal mune of 
the season yesterday. Nearly 
3,000 s u p p or ter s watched Lou 
Macarfs side finish on 102 
points after their 46 games — 
one ahead of the previous best 
set by York City for the 1983-4 

After receiving the • fourth 
division championship trophy 
Macari said: “The record was so 
important far ns — the' cream 
topping a m agnifi ed 

Afterwards the Swindon 
supporters let Macari know 
exactly how they fait about 
recent stories connecting Mm 
with the vacant managers post 
at Coventry. “Lon Maori, Loo 
Macari — mTe not going 
anywhere," they chanted. 

A feast of goals, three 
coming from Galvin, sent 
Tottenham supporters borne 
happy. But, more importantly, 
Hoddfe reinforced his claim 
for recognition as the most 
influential ingredient of the 
national side. In a subdued 
performance, by his stan- 
dards, he again ^tahliriwri 
that he has no peers in 
appreciating his colleagues’ 
movements off the ball. 

But if the Tottenham ranks 
had their appetites whetted for 
next season by yesterday’s 
goal tally, spare a thought for 
luckless Southampton, and in 
particular their young goal- 
keeper. Granger. Having 
played Aunt Sally to Everton's 
front-runners in a harrowing 
baptism on Saturday, he suns 

cruelly exposed when the 
game was only seven minutes 
old. Waddle deceiving him 
with a canny bad: header from 
Roberts's long throw to open 
the scoring. 

Case set up Wallace to 
equalize with, arguably, the 
best goal of tbe game midway 
through the first half but 
Galvin made the most of 
hesitancy in the visitors’ de- 
fence, by now resembling a 
colander, to open np the 3-1 

Just Before fee interval 
Mabbutt’s own goal following' 
a fine dash into the penalty 
area from Baker gave South- 
ampton some optimism of a 
revival but 10 minutes into 
fee second period, Galvin 
restored Tottenham's advan- 
tage and scored his third goal 
with an astonishing run culmi- 
nating m a perfectly placed 
shot past the by now demoral- 
ized Granger. 

The substitute MaskriL, re- 

ly deserved some respite, _ placing Wallace who had hob- 
But Spurs i bristling wife Sled off at halftime, pulled fee 
confidence, afforded Shilton s score back to 4-3, only far 
1 7-year-old understudy scant Clive Allen to amjdmtiy vol- 
consideration of his years and ley home from feeedge of the 
his lack of experience was area 

The story of Johnson's sing- 
tg with a pop mop called 
lade In Japan gained circula- 
tion at that time and the light- 
hearted maimer h which he 
told ft was treated as a joke. 
But Johnson soon made every- 
body realise that as fur as 
snooker k concerned, he is no 

Mutterings of 


Jaguar leave field trailing 

A Jaguar XJR-6 racing 
sports prototype car thrashed 
the opposition in the Kouros 
1000 km race at Silveretoue 
yesterday to register Jaguar's 
first major racing victory for 
29 years. 

It marks their return to 
sports car racing and it is 
hoped victory at fee famous 
Le Mans 24 hour race, in 
France, where they have en- 
tered three similar cars at the 
end of this month. 

A Silk Cut racing team 
Jaguar, powered by a 620 
horse power V-12 and turbo- 
charged engine driven by the 
Hampshire Grand Prix driver 
Derek Warwick and the 

By a Special Correspondent 
American Grand Prix driver, 
Eddie Cheever, finished two 
laps ahead of fee second 
placed turbo-charged Porsche 
driven by Britain's Derek Bell 
and West German Hans-Jo- 
achim Stuck, of West 

Over the 1000 kms they 
averaged 129.08 mph around 
the very fast Silverstone cir- 
cuit. It was an average speed 
that would have done credit to 
a Grand Prix car just three 
years ago. 

Warwick said: “We know 
the Jaguar was quick and 
today we discovered that it 
was not only quick but as 
reliable as any of the opposi- 

tion and I can only say feat it 
went like a dream. 

The third car home was 
another Porsche driven by Jo 
Gartner and Tiff Needel but a 
Lancia, powered by a modi- 
fied turbo- charged Grand 
Prix engine which led the race 
for the first 49 laps, came into 
the pits with fuel problems 
and was delayed for so long H 
will never be entered for 
competitive racing again. 

The new Jaguars have been 
prepared by Tom 
Walkinshaw, who has already 
secured fee European touring 
car championship for Jaguar 
wife a racing version of the 
Jaguar XJS car. 

The only LOAN 
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David Want®. 30-year-old 
former British Olympic 800 
metres runner gained a record- 
breaking win when he beat a 
770-strong field to win the 
Abingdon Marathon in 2hrs 
19min 7secs. Warren, who 
reached the final of the Mos- 
cow Olympics 800 metres 
event in 1980. look 4min 
2secs off the course record he 
set in winning the event in 

He went into an early lead 
and won by almost eleven 
minutes from Swansea runner 
Dave Jones. Warren, who was 
hampered by injury during his 
track racing career, also 
missed last season because of 
injury trouble. But now, the 
problems appear to be behind 
him and his dramatic im- 
provement has given him 
encouragement as a marathon 


Kelly wins combative stage 

ViHalba — Sean Kelly, of 
Ireland, sprinted to his second 
stage victory in fee hotly 
contested 13th stage of fee 
TourofSpain yesterday. Kelly 
completed the 148km moun- 
tainous section in 4hr 2min 46 
sec and edged out FeUo Ruiz 
Cabestany, of Spain, and Ray- 
mond Dietzen, of West Ger- 
many, in a disputed finish. 

Ruiz Cabestany accused 
Kelly of elbowing his way 
ahead and said his team was 
considering filing a complaint. 

KeUy~said his was an instinc- 
tive gesture typical of pack 
sprints. The stage, over five 
mountain passes in fee Gua- 
darrama range near Madrid, 
was bitterly contested from 
the third kilometre, when 
Marc Gomez, of France, led 
three other riders in a 

They built a lead of more 
than four minutes, but the 
pack caught with them tin the 
third mountain pass. The two 
overall leaders, Alvaro Pino, 
of Spain, and Robert Millar, of 

Scotland, briefly broke away 
with two others on the last fog- 
covered pass. The ■ pack 
.reached them in a fierce chase 
in tbe last kilometres. Today’s 
160km stage will take the 
riders over three mountain 
passes from Casino Gran Ma- 
drid to Leganes. 

RESULTS: (Sp unless : 

Kelly (Ire), 4nr2min 46sec; 2. 1 
Cabestany; 3. R Dietzen ( 

Mottet (JF/l 5, J-L f 

7. 0 Hernandez (CoQ; 8, P L 

9. 1 Gaston; 10, H Boeva (Nathj 
LRgnon (Fif. 12. Rt Millar ( 
same time. 


Hardcastle underscores recovery 


Effort by 
is fruitfhl 

Vimmcrfjy — In the Swedish 
500ccworld event yesterday the 
reigning champion, David 
Thorpe, of Britain, took a 
second and third place lo 
closer to 1984 champion. Andre 
Mal herbe, of Belgium. 

RESULTS: HnH heat: i. L Paraaon (Swev 
Yamaha; a D ThwpaJG^SS* aj k 

(Swel. Yamaha: 5. E Groom (Ben. 
Hwda; 6. Andre Maffwrtoo (Man). Honda 

35 ® s - 

(Reuter) — Jacky Vimond, of 
France, won the first heat and 
was runner-up in the second in 
yesterday’s French Grand Prix 
to take first piace hi the 250cc 
world championship standings. 

Sarah Hardcastle offered 
solid evidence in Cardiff yes- 
terday that she is back on 
course for success in the 
Commonwealth Games. The 
favourite for both the 400m 
and 800m freestyle races in 
Edinburgh, Miss Hardcastle 
received a worrying set-back 
last month when she injured a 
muscle in her right shoulder. 

The injury could have inter- 
rupted tier training, but Miss 
Hardcastle underscored her 
quick recovery wife victories 
in fee 200m freestyle and 
400m medley in the Speedo 
meet yesterday afternoon to 
total four wins for tbe 

More significant her perfor- 
mance in the 400m medley 

suggested feat she will be a 
serious contender for a third 
gold medal at fee Games. Her 
time, 4mm, 53-69sec, was the 
third fastest in the Common- 
wealth this year, but her 
coach, Mike Higgs, was just 
relieved that his swimmer bad 
come through a hard weekend 
of competition unscathed. 

“‘That was the idea, to test 
the shoulder, and she seems to 
have come through OK,” 
Higgs said. “She was obvious- 
ly a bit ring rusty, but she must 
have a good chance in fee 400 
at Edinburgh now.” 

Another impressive medley 
performance came from Adri- 
an Moor faouse, the European 
breaststroke champion, who 
sliced nearly 2sec off his 
personal best in winning the 

200m medley in 2m in 7.68sec 
— the second fastest by 
Briton this year. Caroline 
Foot, of MflJ field, took over 
top position in tbe women's 
100m butterfly rankings wife 
her winning time of lmin 

RESULTS: Women: 50m 

bra artro ke: J HPI (CumbemokJ) 
33.38sec. 100m butterfly: C Foot 
(MWfieJd) lmin 2.62sec; 200m freo- 
stytorS Hardcastle (Southend) 2mln 
3.14 sec. 20Qin backstroke: K Read 
(Stockport Metro) 2mtos 20.91 sac; 
400m medley; S Hardcastta (South- 
end) 4mtn 63.6968c. Men: 50m 
bM Mftu te A Moortiouse (City of 
Leeds) 29.90sec. 50m freestyle: M 
Foster (MMftetd) 24.00sec; 100m 
backst roke M Tewksbur 
57.28600. 20Qkn butterfly: T 

jCan)2min 12.1 


fa) 2mln 

Moortiouse (City of Leeds 
L68sec. 1500m freestyle: D t 
(City of Swansea) 16mm 231 sec. 




New York (AP) — Marvin 
Johnson will defend his World 
Boxing Association light- 
heavyweight title against fee 
No. 1 contender, Jean Marie 
Emebe, on June 7 in Bermuda, 
Tiffany Promotions, Inc, an- 
nounced yesterday. It will be 
the first championship bout 
held in Bermuda and fee first 
televised bout in that country. 
The scheduled 15-round bout 
will be televised via national 
syndication. Johnson, aged 
32, recently won fee champi- 
onship for an unprecedented 
third time, knocking out Les- 
lie Stewart in fee seventh 
round at Indianapolis. Over- 
all Johnson has a 42-5 record, 
with 34 knockouts. 

Clean-up job 

Residents of 

Nezahuacoyoti, a suburb of 
Mexico City, have carried out 
a dean-up campaign to better 
the city's image during the 
World Cup finds- . 

Thousands of youth' have 
cleaned plots of land that were 
used as trash dumps near fee 
45,000-seat Neza-»6 stadium, 
as well as streets connecting 
the unincorporated working- 
class suburb with the capital. 



ES"?. PKS*?* a**™* so; 

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Corrigan: Brighton bound? 



The former England and 
Manchester City goalkeeper, 
Joe Corrigan, has applied for 
the job as Brighton’s manager 
following the dismissal' of 
Chris Cattlin. Corrigan was 
forced to quit the game. as a 
player two years ago through 
injury. He would like ro tate, 
over with Aston Villa’s raid- 
field., player, Dennis Morti- 
mer* as player-coach." 

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back Bates 

Munich (AP) — Marcdo 
Ingaramo, of Argentina, bat- 
tled back in the third set and 
outlasted fee British Davis 
Cup player, Jeremy Bates, 6-3. 
3-6, 64 in the opening round 
of the SI 17,000 (about 
£76,500) Nabisco Grand Prix 
tournament yesterday. 

Tore Meioecke. of West 
Germany, beat Seigio Casal, 
of ■ Spain, 6-2, 4-6, 6-3 
Meioecke, who is ranked 
1 17th in fee worid, needed 
two hours to overcome fee 
world's No. 37 player. 

The West German, aged 18, 
was in trouble only in the 
second set He led 3-2 but 
served two double faults in 
succession and Casals went on 
to win the set 6-4.But 
Meinecke, a candidate for 
West Germany’s Davis Cup 
team, came back strongly in 
fee decisive set and outplayed 
bis more experienced 

“I was very confident 
throughout fee match but I 
am still surprised to have 
beaten the 37th-ranked 
player,” Meinecke said. 

In other first-round match- 
es. Jonas B. Svensson, of 
Sweden, had no problems in 
beating Simon Youl, of Aus- 
tralia, 6-3, 6-4, and Libor 
Pimek, of Czechoslovakia, de- 
feated Lawson Duncan, of the 
United States, 6-1, 6-7. 6-4. 

Another West German, Eric 
Jelen, also reached the second 
round by defeating Brod 
Dyke, of Australia, 6-2, 7-5, 
while Claudio Mezzadri ad- 
vanced by overcoming Nelson 
Aerts. of Brazil; 6-2, 6-L 

RESULTS: First round: LPtmak(Cz) 
M L Duncan (US), 6-1, 6-7. 6-4; M 

Casal (Sp), S-2. 4-6, 6-3; J B 
SvanssOT (Swe) bt S Youl (Austt, 6- 
B-Z, 7-5: C Mezzadri (IQ bt N Aerts 
(Bra) 6-2 6-1. 

• TOYOTA (AP) — The lop. 
seed, Russel Simpson, of New 
Zealand, lost fee second set 
but fashioned a 7-5, 5-7, 6-4 
win over the No 2 seed, VaDis 
Wilder, of the United Stales,, 
in th e men's singles final in fee 
Dunlop Masters tournament 
yesterday. Simpson then 
teamed wife his compatriot, 
David Mustard, and beat 
Shane Bare, of Australia, and 
Scott McCain, .of fee United 
States, 6-3, ■ 7-6 (7-2) for- the 
doubles title on- the hard 
courts of the Nagoya Green 
Tennis Club in central Japan. 

In the all-Japanese women's 
singles final Yukie Koizumi 
beat Hijiri Nakasaka 6-2. 6-3. 
The women's - doubles title 
went to the Japanese pair of 
Naoko Sato and Masaya 
Kidowaki, who beat com patri- 
ots Rie Nakazawa and Yukie 
Koizumi 6-2* 6-1. . 

When Terry Griffiths led 
Johuson 12-9 m the quarter 
finis wife only one frame 
needed fu victory, feemotter- 
" js of foreboding seemed 
afready to have boned John- 
son. He proved however feat 
fie was very nmefi alive when 

he won the next four frames in 

a row to emerge the winner by 
13-12. ami follow up with a 
remarkable victory over Tony 
Knowles is the semi-finals. 
IBs e xploits h ave ke pi this 
tournament very nmefa alive. 
Play began yesterday after- 
noon wife fee frame scores 
standing at 8-8- Johnson 
away first wife a break of r 
which Davis replied with 28 — 
only to miss badly on a pink. 
Everything then looked so 
easy for Johnson, who not only 
made a break of 38 bat also 
snookered Davis on fee last 

Johnson's taste fin- fee long 
shot was soon evident when he 
despatched tbe last red wife a 
lig htning shot into a. corner 
pocket, and he cleared fee 
colours op to tbe bine, forcing 
Davis, to concede. Davis, re- 
maining calm, steadily bnQt a 
28-0 lead in fee second frame, 
his break ending on a red 
which in ordinary circum- 
stances be would have potted 

The balls were then 
favourably placed for Johnson 
whose acceleration '.ended 
when he struck at a btaea Kttie 
too hard, thus Letting Davis in 
for another prospective sub- 
stantial break. 


to lead 

By Sydney Frisian 

The cenriainng story of Joe 
Johnson and his pocketfai of 
dreams made Steve Davis look 
a worried man when the 
Embassy World Snooker Fi- 
nal was res um e d ai fee Ciuri- 
Me ' Theatre,. Sheffield 
_ afternoon. For the 
fine in fie J ohn. 

son put femiseif two frames 
ahead when he led 10*, hot. 
not content wife feat he went 
four ahead before fee over- 
eager Davis recovered some of 
his composme to win back two 
frames. The afternoon ended 
wife Johnson leading 13-11. 

Johnson was helped along 
by- the odd ffitke aad by the 
bet hfe 


it seemed 
to have had special appeal fa. 
Johnson. No matter bow far 
away end ball was placed ho 

wK on fefrcotonra. An 
appreciative crowd rejoiced ia 
his deeds tf denfag-do. 

Johnson, a motor mechanic, 
wheat tie time also dog holes 
in fee ground ride working 
for the Gas Beard, filed a 
hate in the 1986 Worid 
The bottom 
fell oat of fie (op half of the 
draw wife fee s^rise elimina- 
tion of fee tide-holder Dennis 
Taylor by Mike Hallett - who 
in the. second round lost to 
Johnson. From tint moment 
Johnson became fee centre of 




No riposte 
from Davis 

■ :n 


Alas for Davis, fee machine 
broke down again. An even 
more bitter pOl was fee iast 
red which Johnson sent into 
an unintended pocket, and he 
slotted in one cotom after 
another np to the pink. 

An immediate riposte by 
Davis was not forthcomin g 
Johnson made a break of 48 io 
fee next frame to lead by 59 
points with 67 still available 
on the table. But Davis could 
not consolidate and wife John- 
son still chipping in, Doris nut 
ont of resources on the coloars. 
Away went Johnson again in 
the fourth frame with a break 
of 6L, but 67 points were still 
on die table and Daris hod ■ 
chance despite a finked red by 
Johnson, bitt a fool shot on the 
pink-cost him six points and 
eventnaDy the frame. 

After a short recess, John- 
son continued his rhythm to go 
25-0 ahead. Over-eagerness 
however caused to miss a 
simple red and Davis took over 
to make a break of 52 and cot 
fee lead to 12r9. The afternoon 

.had hero a somewhat stafff 
one for Daris, bat his breath- 
ing became a lot easier in the 
sixth frame after he had made 
a break of 39. Johnson, still 
going for his shots, gave Davis 
an. open invitation to win fee 

FMAL: J Johradn leads S Davta 1§- 
1 1 £4-85, 00-49, 0-108, 14-411, 78- 
0. ^30, 74-14. IMS. 4-108. 1-7®- 
27-64, 72-20, 95-22,' 63-37, 7B-8. 0- 
137, 85-26. 57-44; 86-11. « 

84, 31-73. 70-40,7-109. - 


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