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*A» •- 3£ 

No 62,454 

ti y*\«* r J • Hh 

MONDAY MAY 12, 1986 



By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

The Conservative Party 
should enter the next general 
election with a ‘‘balanced 
ticket” to offset Mrs Maigaiet 
Thatcher’s growing electoral 
liabilities and to combat the 
formidable threat posed by Mr 
Neil Kinnock and the Labour 
Party, Mr John Biffen, Leader 
of the Commons, said 
yesterday. ■ 

His typically frank com- 
ments, which came in the 
wake of last week's disastrous 
election results for the Gov- 
ernment, immediately 
sparked off renewed specula- 
tion over who will succeed 
Mrs Thatcher as leader of the 
party and the future' of Mr 
Norman Tebbit. the increas- 
ingly criticized party 

Mr Biffen, who is the 
nearest thing to the Govern- 
ment guru, said that if the 
Conservatives won the next 
election nobody seriously be- 
lieved Mrs Thatcher would 
remain Prime Minister until 
the end or the next parliament 

“So therefore there is noth- 
ing extraordinary about the 
balanced ticket of the Prime 
Minister and some of the most 
powerful in the Conservative 
Party, one of whom probably 
would become Prime Minister, 
in due course, being represent- 
ed as a team. 

“There is nothing-extraordi- 
nary about presenting a team 
based upon experience and 
based upon a spread of views 
as being something which will 

be appealing to the public and 
which will secure their trust.” 

and is now more of a liability 
than an asset 

- To assume because one Speaking on London Week- 
party had a dominant figure it end Television’s Weekend 
thereby benefited at general World, Mr Biffen set out tin; 
elections “is not necessarily challenge faring the Co nserva- 
true at ad" Without a team fives against die background 
approach it woukEbe much of a revamped Labour Party 
easier fen- politicaf ‘opponents led by Mr Kinnock whose 
to represent the Prime Minis- moderate policies were in 
ter as uncaring or trigger- dose proximity to those of the 
happy, and take advantage of Liberal-Social Democratic 
her supposed failings. Party. Alliance. 

uo intention we The main task feeing the 
should fell for these kind of Government was to set out 
accusations. One very Sensible before the public the choice it 

Tebbit lash ... 12 
Leading article 13 

way of offsetting it is to 

faced at the next election. It 
was between dusted-down 
Wilson and Caliaghan-style 
policies of the 1960s and 
1970s, and the policies of the 

represent the Conservative sociai market economy devel- 
party along the- liney I have °P e ^ successfully by the Con- 
indicated.” servative Party since 1979. 

Looking ahead, Mr Biffen 

He added: "The Prime Min- 

ister will make her most emphasized the importance of 
effective contribution to the reforming education policies. 
Conservative Party by being He accepted the need for extra 
what she is and not by trying public spending on the Na- 
te be something different tional Health Service, educa- 
Others then have to provide tion, local authority services 
the balance in that situation.” and road construction. 

Mr Brffen’s comments will in an obvious reference to 
delight middle-of-the-road Mr Tebbit’s controversially 
Conservative MPs at West- robust style, Mr Biffen insist- 
minster who have been saying ed the message had to be 
privately for some time that a conveyed in more measured 
growing number of party ao- terms, rather than in a hysteri- 
tivists_at constituency level cal feshion. “I think on the 

Mr Biffen: Call for balanced ticket 

Italy holds Meltdown danger 
FFThan averted — official 

MwU Fmm rhricfniihpr WalLsp Mocmb 

are tiring of Mis Thatcher’s whole 1 
leadership and believe it is a where g 
vote loser. nations 

Some MPs will interpret his he said, 
views as an acceptance that . 
Thatcherism has had its day, Cont 

whole we Hve in a society 
where government is by expla- 
nation and not by preaching,” 

From Richard Owen 

A ban by all but one EEC 
country on foodstuffs from 

the disaster at Chernobyl the 
Soviet authorities asserted last 
night that the danger of a 


Thatcherism has had its day. Continued on page 2, col 7 

Norway Fraud trial 

devalues jury plan 

by 12 % is rejected 

From Tony Samstag * By Richard Evans 

: .;P»° r Lobby Reporter 

Norway's new Labour gov- - 
eisn^m~ wfeodt took power - The Government is expect- 
6 n Friday, . yesterday ah- edxoreject controversial plans 
bounced an immediate deval- to scrap jury trials in complex 
uation ofthe Norweigan krone fraud cases, but is working on 
by 1 2 per cent. strengthening the machinery 

Mrs Gro Harlem Brandt- for delecting and investigating 
land, the Prime Minister, said serious fraud, 
the economy was out of The issue is still to be 
control and the collapse in oil discussed by the Cabinet, but 
prices had caused foreign ex-, senior Home Office ministers 
change reserves to fell by and the law officers are con- 

Soviet bloc areas affected by catastrophic meltdown or sec- 
Chernobyl is in effective oper- ond nuclear explosion had 
ation after a week of disagree- finally been averted after a day 
ment and indecision. ‘ which marked a turning-point 

Italy has yet to join in in the hazardous operation to 

because of its objections to a dean up the plant. 

proposed scale of radiation 
measurement for use in trade 
within the Community. 

After a weekend of confu- 
sion over whether the pro- 
posed EEC ban was in force, a 
spokesman for The Nether- 

In a statement released by 
Tass, Mr Yevgeny Velikhov, 
the scientist in charge of the 
operation in the Ukraine, said: 
“Theoretically, until today, 
there existed the possibility of 
a catastrophe because a large 

lands, which bolds the EEC amount of fuel and reactor 
presidency, said yesterday that graphite remained in an over- 

• Mrs Barbara 
Delamere of Near Mal- 
den, Surrey (above) 
was one of two winners 
in The Times Portfo- 
lio Gold weekly compe- 
tition. She shares 
£16,000 with Miss J Par- 
ish of New Eftham, 
London, double the usu- 
al amount because 

no one won the previ- 
ous week. Nine read- 
ers shared the daffy 
prize. Details, page 3 

• Portfolio Gold fist, 
page 20; rules and how 
to play, information 
service, page 16 


The next 

Six months after a 
volcano buried an 
entire town in 
mud, Colombians 
are facing a new 
threat - civil war 

Rampant Ivy 

Suzy Menkes reports 
from the American 
col lections 

Bill for M25 

£500 million will need to be 
spent on the M25 in the next 
10 years to cope with seriou s, 
overcrowding Page 3 

NHS spending 

London's hospitals are under 
mounting pressure as health 
service spending is transferred 
out of the capital to ’“poorer” 
parts of the NHS Page 10 

Korn* New 2-4 Leaders ti 

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nearly £5 billion since last 

The Norweigan krone has 
fluctuated wildly on interna- 
tional exchange markets dur- 
ing the past weeks, since the 
collapse of the previous Con- 
servative coalition govern- 
ment began to look inevitable. 
It has required government 
intervention at times. 

The Prime Minister's an- 
nouncement followed a day of 
crisis meetings with Mr Gun- 
nar Bergs, the Finance Minis- 
ter, and Mr Hermud Skan- 
land, the Governor of the 
Central Bank. 

The devaluation, which 
could only have been taken 
after consultation with Nor- 
way’s Scandinavian trading 
partners, prompted immedi- 
ate comparisons with the 16 
per cent devaluation of the 
Sweetish krone in 1982 when 
Mrs Brundtland’s friend, the 
late Mr dof Palme, took over 
as Social Democratic Prime 
Minister there. 

• With all off transactions 
calculated m US dollars the 
Norwegian devaluation wifi 
have no immediate effect on 
prices now being paid on the 
world market for Norway’s 
and Britain's North Sea ofl 

vinced that a ban on juries in 
selected cases, as recommend- 
ed in tile Roskill report earlier 
this year, would not only stir 
up controversy but also be 

Instead, ministers are ex- 
pected to favour Lord Ros- 
kxlPs proposals for simplifying 
the procedures for bringing 
fraud cases to trial, with 
emphasis on pre-trial review. 

The final proposals will 
almost certainly be included 
in a proposed Criminal Justice 

A ministerial working party 
is examining the possibility of 
creating a unified body to 
investigate fraud. 

11 of the Twelv&»eraaps rat- 
ing their jbwh measures 
against EastEuropean imports 
in line with EEC proposals. 
The ban would be in effect 
until (be end of this month 
and subject to review. 

EEC foreign ministers meet- 
ing in Brussels' today will try 
again to achieve a fully co- 
ordinated and unanimous 

The EEC Commission pro- 
posed a ban last Tuesday on 

heated condition. Now that 
posribfiity is no more.” 

It was die first public admis- 
sion here that the accident 
posed, even the theoretical 
danger of a meltdown, which 
had been causing increasing 
concern to nuclear experts in 
the West, alerted by the Soviet 
decision to start pouring large 
quantities of concrete into the 
floor of the damaged building. 

Mr Velikhov’s announce- 
ment gave no clear indication 

imports of fruit and vegeta- just how close the Chernobyl 
bles, milk, fresh meat, animals disaster came to creating the 

for slaughter, game and fresh- 
water fish from six Soviet bloc 
countries within a 625-mile 
radius of Kiev. EEC diplomats 
acting on behalf of the Council 
of Ministers later added other 
products, and Yugoslavia was 
added to the list of countries. 

By the end of the week, 
however, the Twelve re- 
mained at odds over bow to 
cany put the proposal. The 
Commission imposed a ban 
on fresh meat without approv- 
al ofthe Council of Ministers, 

SC" “ ? -PN EK de- 

^ . layed too long the measures 

Mr John MacGregor. Chief would be ineffective, 
eretaiy to tire Treasury, with At the weekend the Dutch 
r Patrick Maytaew, Solicitor sought a consensus among 
mend, Mr David Mellor, a member states, and on Satur- 
oior Home Office minister, day evening announced pre- 
d Mr Michael Howard, a maturely ihai full agreement 
oior minister at the Depart- had been reached. Italy, bow- 
rat . of Trade and Industry, ever, declared its dissent, 

Secretary to the Treasury, with 
Sir Patrick Mayhew, Solicitor 
General, Mr David Mellor, a 
junior . Home Office minister, 
and Mr Michael Howard, a 
junior minister at the Depart- 
ment of Trade and Industry, 
are looking at building on the 
concept of the Fraud Investi- 
gation Group which is used by 
the Director of Public Pros 
euctions for complicated 

Ministers want to introduce 
extra fraud experts, such as 
Department of Trade and 
Industry Inspectors and In- 
land Revenue officials, to help 
to identify and bring more 

so-called “China Syndrome” 
in which the molten reactor 
would have sunk into the 
Earth’s crust. Threatening a 
second explosion and the 
possibility of contamination 
on an horrific scale. 

It was the first admission 
from the Kremlin that such a 
nightmarish possibility bad 
existed. The first clues came 
last week when Mr Velikhov 
announced that work was 
going on under the damaged 
number four reactor and Sovi- 
et experts begin putting out 
feelers in the West about 
means of averting such a 

Western diplomatic sources 
greeted last night’s announce- 
ment with relief. It was given 
credence because it followed a 
press conference last Friday ai 
which experts from the Inter- 

‘Supergrass liar’ to be freed 

^ to identify and brio 

ofi industry w5l help them , „ - . 

continue their programmes. Lora KostaJrs committee 

Thedevalnation will also be 

interpreted by the 13 members ^^^ rai ^ ; , case ? should bej 
of Se Organization of Pnro- a 5 ibu ^™f de U P f 

teumExpSSS Countries as a sitting with two quah- 
SnfomSonof their view Bed lay members, 
that-- Norway and Britain But ministers believe that, 
should have helped them limit given the planned changes in 
oil output to keep world oil pre-trial arrangements, a jury 
prices near the $30 a barrel will remain the best test of 
mark and protected Norwe- whether a defendant has been 
gian oil revenues. dishonest - 

By Stewart TendJer 
Crime Reporter 

A “supergrass" is to be 
released from an Ulster prison 
after two years of a 14-year 
sentence, despite being called 
a' liar .by a judge after the 
acquittal of 20 people -last 

Yesterday the Northern Ire- 
land office confirmed that Mr 
Tom King, the Secretary of 
State, had recommended the 
exercise of royal prerogative to 
remit part of William 
“Budgie Allen’s sentence. Al- 
len, a “loyalist", was given 14 
years for attempted murder in 
April 1984 and could not have 
expected to be released for 

good behaviour before 1991. 

He is likely to leave prison 
under heavy security to start a 
new life with a fesh identity. 
His performance in court 
threw doubt on the 
“supergrass” system in Ulster. 

At the age of 22 Allen 
'pleaded guilty to offences 
including attempted murder, 
conspiracy to murder and 
possession of firerams and 
bombs. He was said -to have 
been the commander of the 
junior wing of the banned 
Ulster Volunteer Force. 

Three months after his 
jailing he gave evidence at the 
committal of 47 men and 
women be had implicated in 
terrorist activities. Last year 

20 of them were acquitted 
after a judge decided that 
Allen was “unworthy of 

Mr Jusice Higgins said .Al- 
len had repeatedly lied under 
oath. He had hoped to find 
favour with those in authority 
to obtain early release and 
start a new life outside North- 
ern Ireland. 

Five men were convicted at ! 
the trial because they had 
made statements admitting 
.the chaises- Two others had 
pleaded guilty at earlier trials. 
Crown counsel said the re- 
maining 20 would have no 
case offered against them 
where the only evidence was 
from Allen. 

Wasted talent as industry loses vital graduates 

By BiD Johnstone wasted talent among the young 

Technology Correspondent people- mere than 90 per cent 
— . - _ aged aider 22 — is oa a terrible 

Thousands of children may IrX. 

-j: i.. ... 

be misdirected at an early age 
is their choice of career be- 
cause of poor resources and 
the influence pf teachers who 
bare Kate experience ofindns- 

Afl have good degrees and 
would have been more than 
capable of becoming a high 
teclnotogy expert, of which 

ay.. The ressU Is a chronic ‘Britain is desperately short 

waste of Britain** talent - Several reports from go*- 
.Those condasions have snr- eramest mdastrial advisers m “v "* 1 neeos. 

Britain’s approach to educa- 
tion is irrelevant and ineffi- 
cient Both A card (Advisory 
Council for Applied Research 
and Development) and the. 
Information Technology Advt- ' 
sory Panel (lap), which coun- 
sel foe Cabinet Office, have hi 
the past few weeks called for a 
high level inquiry into, ednea- 

. Those condnsiOBS have snr- enunest industrial advisers m 
deed at the BBC, erabar- the past nro years have higb- 
rassed by 8,600 applications lighted such sfeaU shortages 
for 24 nlaces to retrain arts and called for more resources. 

tassed by 8,000 applications 
-fear 24 puces to retrain arts 
graduates as electronics ex- 
perts. According to recruiting 
coosnkauts lured . to . help to 
process foe avafendw, foe 

the part tiro years -have high- Britain tags badly behind its 

lighted such skiff shortages principal Industrial competi- 
and called- for more resources* tors. Tfee skiffs shortage has 
However, the BBC experience become a political issue and 
seems to show resources are both the Labour Party and the 

Being misused.. 
These advisers 


SDP/Liberal Alliance have 

published solutions, both call- 

lag for foe Injection of more 
cash' into education and 

Engineering graduates form 
about 13 per cent of the total 
produced each year — well 
behind the USA and Japan. 
Figures published about 18 
mouths ago by foe Manpower 
Services Commission- 
/Natioaal Economic Develop- 
ment Council hi a report. 
Competence and Competition* 
showed Britain’s poor perfor- 
mance hi producing fast de- 
gree engineering graduates. 

It revealed that Japan had . 
74,000 such graduates, repre- 

senting 630 for every million 
the population, the United 
States had 80,000, represent- 
ing 350 for every mfftiou, and 
the United Kingdom. 15,000. 
only 270 far every' miffion. 

Since foe report was pub- 
lished, new places have been 
created at higher educational 
establishments in an attempt 
to switch .resources from the 
arts to the sciences but indus- 
try and academia are still 

The BBC experience may 
show that tile problems are 
more deep rooted than was 

Syrians tell UK 
envoys to go in 
tit-for-tat move 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
More than two weeks after national Atomic Energy Agen- 

cy had already discounted the 
dianger of a meltdown as no 
longer a real, as opposed to a 
theoretical danger. 

Their views were based on 
temperatures they had been 
informed existed in the reac- 
tor and obervations from a 
helicopter flight close above 
above it. 

Had the feared meltdown 
occurred, experts believe that 
it would have threatened the 
future of Kiev, the third 

Political fallout 5 

largest Soviet dty with a 
papulation over . over two , 
million, and ' destroyed the 1 
agricultural potential of most 
of the western Ukraine, 
Russia's breadbasket 

Mr Velikhov's statement 
did not make it clear whether 
the leak of radiation had 
finally halted, but said that the 
clean-up operation was 09 * 
entering a new phrase with 
experiments and measure- 
ments to identify the most 
contaminated areas. 

He added that builders 
working in “difficult condi- 
tions of high radioactivity" 
were freezing the soil around 
the stricken reactor and pour- 
ing on concrete with the aim 
of“burying il" 

“Work is being conducted 
to de-activate and encapsulate 
radio-active substances, which 
gau ran lees against them get- 
ting into ground waters," he 

Mr Velikhov's statement, 
which contrasted strongly 
with the terse official an- 
nouncements from the Coun- 
cil of Ministers, which were all 
that were permitted at the 
beginning of the crisis, con- 
tained a pledge that “within a 
definite period" to be gov- 
erned by safety norms, the 
Chernobyl plant would be 
back in operation. 

Western experts believe that 

Continued on page 16, col 5 

Syria yesterday expelled 
three British diplomats from 
Damascus in retaliation for 
Britain’s decision to order 
three Syrian diplomats to 
leave ibis country by foe end 
of the week for alleged in- 
volvement in a recent series of 
terrorist incidents. 

As the tit-for-tat expulsions 
were being announced by 
Damascus, it was learnt that 
Scotland Yard was investigate 
I ing possible links between 
other Arab embassies in Lon- 
don and terrorist 

The activities of Arab diplo- 
mats, particularly those from 
radical states which support 
Palestinian extremist organi- 
zations. have been under scru- 
tiny since last month’s 
attempt to plant a bomb on an 
El Al airliner at Heathrow 

However, a British official 
said yesterday that he was not 
aware of any plans to take 
action against any other Arab 

. A Foreign Office spokes- 
man said Syria's decision to 
expel three of the nine diplo- 
mats attached to the British 
Embassy in Damascus was 
“quite unjustified". 

“We are not in the itt-for-tat 
game. We have expelled Syri- 
ans because they were alleged- 
ly involved in terrorist 
activities. That, as far as we 
are concerned, is the end of 
the story." 

The three Britons are Colo- 
nel David Maitland-Titterton. 
the Defence Attache, Mr Da- 
vid Taylor, First Secretary, 
and Mr .Andrew Balfour, the 

The British Foreign Office 
decided to expel the three 
Syrians after the Syrian Am- 
bassador refused to waive 
diplomatic immunity so that 
they could be questioned by 
Scotland Yard in connection 
with the El Al incident 

Whitehall sources said the 
men were suspected of being 
involved in other terrorist 
activities in addition to the 
Heathrow incident “They 

were up to their necks in it” 
one official said. 

The three diplomats being 
expelled were named as Mr 
Zakj Oud. Mr .Ahmad Abdul 
Latrf and Mr Mounir Mouna~ 
All were described as attaches: 
in the Diplomatic LisL All had 
arrived in London within foe. 
past year. 

Mr Loutof Allah Haydar, 
foe Syrian Ambassador, was 
called to foe Foreign Office 10 
days ago and asked by Sir 
Anthony Acland, the Perma- 
nent Under-Secretary, to 
waive the diplomats' immuni- 
ty so they could be questioned. 

He returned on Monday 
and said Damascus had re- 
fused the request However, 
he offered to “co-operate" by 
allowing the men to be ques- 
tioned in the Syrian Embassy 
in foe presence of a Syrian 
official. The police refused to 
accept this condition because 
evidence taken in such cir- 
cumstances could not be used 
in court 

A Jordanian, Mr Nezar 
Hindawi. is being held on 
charges of attempted murder 
and trying to destroy an 

Confects between London 
and Damascus took place 
throughout last week in an 
attempt to get the government 
of President Assad to change 
its mind. 

Mr Haydar insisted, 
throughout this diplomatic 
tug-ot-war, that the three men 
were innocent. 

He blamed the police inves- 
tigations on American and 
Israeli attempts to mount a 
new propaganda campaign 
against Syria in foe wake of 
last week's anti-terrorist state- 
ment at the Tokyo summit. 

The names of the three men 
will be circulated to other EEC. 
states, the US. Canada and 
Japan. ' 

• DAMASCUS: Britain's de- 
rision to expel the three 
Syrians was pan of an orches- 
trated campaign by the US 
against the .Arab world, the 
Syrian government daily 
Tishrin said (AFP reports!. 

Merseyside fans 
restore prestige 

From Peter Davenport, Liverpool 

The City of Liverpool wel- 
comed home its two football 
teams yesterday amidst agree- 
ment that Merseyside itself 
had been the real winner in the 
FA Cap Final. 

Saturday's final, the first 
between rivals and neighbours 
Liverpool and Everton. had 
been seen as the opportunity 
for spectators to redeem foe 
sporting reputation shattered 
by the tragedy at foe Heysel 



stadium in Brussels just a year 

Mr Ted Croker. secretary of 
the Football Association, had 
gone so far as fo tell The Times 
that the final was one of the 
most critical games in the 
history of English footbalL 
More than 200 million people 
around the world watched on 
television, but their attention 
was as much on foe activity on 

Continued on page 16, col 3 

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*.*A v'- *«*-■?»* 



King seeks US help for 
tough crackdown 
against IRA terrorism 

Why the 
dog’s life 
is worse 
in Ulster 





Z sh 

























Mr Tom King, Secretary of 
State for Northern Ireland, 
flew to Washington yesterday 
to try to persuade United 
States Congressmen to back 
Britain in a crackdown against 
the IRA 

Mr King wants to make sine 
that legislation before the 
Senate to ease extraditions 
involving IRA men is passed 
in spite of a strong pro-Irish 
lobby. He will be emphasizing 
Britain's support for the US 
over Libya to help his case. 

He S3id at Heathrow Air- 
port before leaving for three 
days of meetings that be 
would be talking to people "in 
positions of influence, both in 
the Administration and the 
Senate and House of Repre 

He added: "The summit in 
Tokyo emphasized the impor- 
tance of ensuring terrorists 
couldn't escape punishment 
for their crimes merely by 
skipping over a border and 
escaping out of a particular 

"This is an important as- 
pect that is understood very 
dearly by the President and 
the Administration. There is 
legislation before the Senate at 
the moment and this is obvi- 
ously something that is of 
great interest to us.” 

Mr King said that he be- 
lieved the relationship be- 
tween the US and Britain, and 
particularly between President 
Reagan and Mrs Thatcher, 
was “very close indeed”. 

He added: “I recently drew 
attention to the ammount of 
support that Libya has given 
over the years to the IRA and 
to the threat that poses — not 
just to Northern Ireland but to 
the republic as veil”. 

Mr King said that the 
American attitude to the IRA 
was changing and that the 
Anglo-Irish agreement had 
helped to bring about that 

He said: “The attitude of 
the Irish government in show- 
ing their utter rejection of the 
IRA and violence in that form 
is important in helping to get 
Americans to understand.” 

• An international petition 
demanding the release of two 
convicted IRA terrorists fight- 
ing extradition proceedings in 
The Netherlands will be pre- 
sented to the Dutch Justice 
Minister this week. 

The move will come as the 
climax to a four-day campaign 
of films, exhibitions and 
speeches about Ireland and 
the turmoil in Ulster which is 
to be addressed by the civil 
rights campaigner. Miss Ber- 

nadette Devlin, the former 
GLC leader, Mr Ken Living- 
stone. and the West Belfast 
MP And Sinn Fein president, 
Mr Gerry Adams. 

The two convicted men, 
Gerard Kelly and Brendan 
Me Far lane, are Maze prison 
escapers who were recaptured 
ip Amsterdam. 





uld be 



because his original offences 
of bombing the Cent 

tral Crimi- 
nal Court and Scotland Yard 
were political crimes. 

The Minister of Justice win 
decide whether to follow the 
judge's decision. The final 
verdict is expected in mid- 

The court has said that 
McFarlane, who was sent to 
the Maze for bombing a bar in 
Belfast, should be extradited 
because he had failed to prove 
that the crime was politically 
motivated. An appeal is 

The petition dernanc 
their release has been 
by European lawyers and i 
experts and will be presented 
to the press next Friday by a 
representative of the French 
organization Juristes pour 

By Richard Ford 

As in many other areas of 
life. Northern Ireland remains 
a place apart from the rest of 
the Great Britain over the 
issue of dog licences. 

While on the mainland dog 
lovers need only pay 37p for a 
licence since 1983, it has cost 
£5 in the province. 

New legislation for North- 
ern Ireland was introduced 
almost three years ago in the 
face of growing pressure from 
the large and vociferous form- 
ing community, who were 
alarmed at sheep worrying. 
Local councillors were also 
worried about the fouling of 
pavements and concerned at 
the number of road traffic 
accidents caused by stray 

Hopes rising for 
peace in schools 

By Michael McCarthy 

Two steps towards a final 
settlement of the long-running 
teachers* pay dispute and its 
disruption of school life are 
due to be taken this week. 

First, the executive of the 
largest teachers' union, the 
National Union of Teachers, 
meets today to ratify the 
decision reached during Fri- 
day's meeting of the Burnham 
committee to call off industri- 
al action in return for an 
interim 1986 pay award of 
5.5 per cent, or about £10 a 

Secondly, the NUT will 
then join the other five teach- 
ing unions in a comprehensive 
series of talks about future pay 
and conditions now going on 
under the auspices ofAcas. 

If agreements do emerge 
from the talks, which cover 
grievances behind the dispute 
from salary structure to 
“voluntary” duties such ^ as 
supervision and covering for 
absent colleagues, and if the 
Government is eventually 
prepared to provide the neces- 
sary finance, then an end will 
be in sight to the struggle 
which has gone on for 15 

The talks are expected to 
last for several weeks. 

The NUT. the most mili- 
tant union which represents 
nearly half the 410,000 stale 
school teachers in England 
and Wales, had been excluded 
from the Acas discussions for 
refusing to call off action after 
the 1983 pay deal, worth 

8.5 per cent, was reached in 

It had planned a further 
series of strikes in schools 
from this week. 

Behind the union's derision 
to return to the negotiating 
table was the realization that it 
was being excluded from poli- 
cy' decisions likely to affect the 
teaching profession for per- 
haps the next TO years. 

Both the employers — the 
local authorities — and the 
teachers' organizations are 
freshly optimistic about the 
outcome of the talks after 
Friday's Burnham committee 

The NUT. in agreeing to 
suspend its industrial action, 
joined with the other five 
unions in giving a pledge of “a 
return to peace and calm in 
the schools". 

The executive of the union 
may well decide at. today's, 
meeting to rescind its instruc- 
tion to its members to “with- 
draw goodwill". 

The immediate threat of 
further strikes is over, howev- 
er, as ratification of Friday's 
deal by the NUT executive is 
considered a formality. 

The teachers’ long-term aim 
is a return to the pay parities 
with other professions first 
recognized by the Houghton 
report in the mid-seventies, 
and it was calculated at the 
start of their campaign last 
year that an increase of 34 per- 
cent would be necessary to 
achieve that 

in decline, 
Tory says 

legislation also made it 
a statutory obligation for the 
province's 26 district councils 
to employ dog wardens with 
responsibility for dealing with 

There are three wardens in 
Belfast but government offi- 
cials and members of the 
Ulster Society for the Preven- 
tion of Cruelty to Animals 
admit that because of the scale 
of both the problem and the 
districts involved, their effec- 
tiveness is limited. 

Raising the cost of a licence 
has not deterred dog owners 
and licences have doubled 
from around 36,000 at the old 
price to 72,000 in 1985. 

Alliance plan for 

to ministers 

By GoBs Hughes * Wl&ebaffCo rires p ao rf a a 

Plans for reform of relations 
between top Whitehall offi- 
cials and minsters will be 

published as part of a john 

The Rev David Elliot gets some help from Mr Pooch as he 
reads the lesson at St Paul’s, Covent Garden, yesterday dur- 
ing a puppet festival (Photograph; Dod Miller). 

East Coast under threat:! 

Lord Young of Graffham, 
Secretary of State for Employ- 
ment, admitted In a television 
interview yesterday that edu- 
cational standards were falling 
and mast be raised as a matter 
of urgency. 

He was appearing on The 
Channel 4 Inquiry, a 90- 
minute investigation on how 
appropriate our education and 
training is to industry, which 
was shown last night. 

On the question of raising 
school standards he sakh “We 
cannot afford to soldier on as 
we are. I get young people 
coming into the Youth Train- 
ing Scheme for whom school is 
an optional extra. YTS is too 
much about remedial educa- 
tion and that's the problem. 
We've got to motivate and 
work young people harder in 
the school system.” 

The programme had coo- 
dacteda poll on education and 
training in which chairmen 
and chief executives from 
Britain's top 1,000 companies 
gave an overwhelming vote of 
no confidence in the perfor- 
mance of schools, and said 
that they w we unimpressed by 
the new two-year YTS. 

Lord Young said: “There 
mnst be a way fo which we can 
reach out into the school 
system itself, Into the local 
education authorities and say: 
‘Come on, let's stop taUdn“g 
about inputs: how much money 
we put into the system. Let's 
for once start talking about 
outputs; what we get out of it'." 

Lives at risk from erosion 

Eastern England is slowly "sinking 
while tide levels in the North Sea are m 

\ are ns- 

ing progressively, posing an ever greater 
risk of serious flooding. The construc- 
tion of the Thames barrier was a 
response to the danger threatening 
London, but the Anglian Water Author- 
ity. which is responsible for the entire 

coastline between the Thames and the 
Humber, is concerned that government 
cuts in expenditure on sea defences are 
jeopardizing fives and property. In the 
first of two articles. John Young, 
Agriculture Correspondent , describes 
two alarming incidents. 

ibend-SDP policy statement; 
due m six weeks. 

The Affiance has moved 
from a tong period of merely 
airing ideas on a new govern- 
ment pobey-ma fcfrg strategy 
to specific proposals ogl in foe 
words of rate adviser, ‘Txefn® 
up” tire private offices of 

The move coincides with a 
conference bring held today 
by Sir John Hoskyns, foe 
former head of Mrs Thatchers 
i “think tank”, at the Institute 
of Directors. If will discuss 
proposals by Sir John "on 
spending £7- xnffikm to “re- 
skill government” fry intro- 
ducing teams .of up to 10 
poetically-motivated specat- 
ists in every minister's private 

Dr David Owen mid Mr 
David Steel are being persuad- 
ed. by prospective candidates 
and Alliance kical go vernmen t 
members the 1 foe proposal 
details need to be prepared 
well in advance. Pressure is 
likely to mount after the Wert. 
Derbyshire and Ryedale by- 
election results, which have 
boosted Affiance hopes, of 
gaining at least foe balance of 
.power at. the- next general 

Alliance advisers argue that 
questions about the' relative 
powers of foe prime minister . 
and cabinet secretary over 
other ministers and perma- 
nent secretaries, and foe lack 
of backbench input in day-to- 
day policy, would become 
particularly urgent in a pact, 
or coalition, government. 

The Alliance- approach 
would slop short of a full- 
blown ministerial cabinet sys- 
tem on the French model, for 
fear of iniinudating the career 
Civil Service, but would be 
expected to fink in with plans 

to improve select committee 
scrutiny of govermnut, and 
give backbench and opposi- 
tion MPs more influence m 


Equally, foe Alliance be- . 
fieves that fire Cabinet Office - 
has become fob xmteh \df;a .. 
“prime mini Stef's 

department", and wants , to. - 
spread access to policy infer- - 
nation across, foe board. 

For example, the plan will ’ 
fay down proposed rules "on 
the circulation of pofiey ad- 
vice papers, and advocate \ 
means of ensuring foal foe * 
appointment of a cabinet sac- “ 
ictarjr is more explicitly non- - 
political. . 

A substantial section of the 
20.000-wojri policy statement 
wifi cover Whitehall-West- 
minster relations, including 
the organization of education, 
training and employment, 
wfflEJi -at -present over ups 

employment, educatrad : and 
Science and. foe Manpower 
Services Commission. 

On January 31 this year Mr 
Mike Wakelin, operations 
manager for the Lincoln divi- 
sion of Anglian Water, was 
alerted to the fact that a 
section of the promenade 
south of the seaside town of 
Mablethorpe had collapsed. 
Although it was a Friday 
afternoon, he was able to 
mobilize a team of engineers 
to work during the weekend. 

They discovered that foe 
sea had scoured its .way under 
the sea wall which supports 
foe promenade, and excavated 
a hole 100 feel long, 50 feet 
wide and seven feet deep. Mr 
Wakelin reckons that without 
emergency repairs the wall 
would have been breached by 
the Monday. 

The potentially disastrous 
effects can be seen by standing 
on the wall and looking inland 
at foe roofs of houses, bunga- 
lows and caravans beneath. 
Mablethorpe, like all the main 
coastal towns of Lincolnshire, 
including Boston and 
Skegness, is below sea level, 
and the consequences of al- 
lowing the muddy waters of 

foe North Sea to pour uncon- 
trollably through a gap in foe 
wall hardly bear thinking 

By an ironic coincidence 
January 31 was foe anniversa- 
ry of the catastrophic floods 
which inundated eastern En- 
gland in 1953. sweeping away 
the dunes which had hitherto 
afforded a natural barrier, and 
necessitating the building of 
mibst of the present concrete 
walls. Butsince then the tides 
running 'north to south along 
the coast have swept away the 
beaches to the point where, as 
in the Mablethorpe incident, 
the sea is able to penetrate 
beneath foe foundations and 
wash away the infill 

Mr Wakelin- estimates that 
some £4 million needs to be 
spent urgently to repair de- 
fences, which have less than a 
yeart useful life But the 
region's total capital spending 
allocation for this year is only 
£2,600,000, foe greater part of 
which is being spent on an 
inland protection scheme for 
Lincoln, scheduled to cost £9 
million eventually. 

“I only wish we could get ds 
worked up about sea defences 
as we are about radioactive 
rain, because the situation is a 
sight more dangerous.'' 

So far all appeals to the 
Ministry of Agriculture for' 
emergency grant aid have 
fallen on deaf ears. "The 
ministry says it is giving it 
uigent consideration, but that 
was three months ago. 

A hundred miles or so south 
easu Jaywjck^ near Clamn- 
on-sea. Essex, faces a similar 
threat. On Good Friday Mr 
Terry Willy, principal opera- 
tions engineer in Anglian’s 
Colchester division, was in- 
formed that part of the sea 
wall faring had been washed 

In spite of it being a holiday 
weekend, he found a firm, able 
and willing to supply hun- 
dreds Of tons of ready-mixed 
concrete to avert foe danger. 

This year some £3.5 million 
iS being spent on extending the 
sea wadis at Jaywick. 

down after talks 

Violence flared again early 
yesterday outside News 
International's printing plant 
at Wapping. east London, in : 
spite of a weekend agreement 
between foe printing unions 
and foe police on ways of 
preventing it (Michael McCar- 

tween foe unions and Scotland 
Yard. . -- : 

After a week of mounting 
public concent over foe vio- 
lence xl the News tartemaiion- 
af plant, a senior Scotland 
Yard officer, Mr Wyn Jones, 
deputy assistant-commi s sion- 

thy writes). ... . . er,- xnrt officials df. Sogai 4md- ■- 

ffte'dasbes' Tlsr Natural -Graphical Asst?-' 
riation, foftfading Mfe Jfren- 

Tomorrow. The disappearing! 


Left-wing challenge to 
Clive Jenkins fails 












A challenge to the election 
of Mr Clive Jenkins, leader of 
the white-collar union, 
ASTMS, to foe TUC*s general 
council was ruled out of order 
at foe union's annual confer- 
ence in Bournemouth 

Mr Jenkins, who has sat on 
the general council for 12 
years, defeated a left-wing 
opponent. Mr Ian Gibson, 
after winning 43,000 votes to 
Mr Gibson’s 1 7.000. 

The challenge yesterday 
came in foe form of an 
emergency motion by the 
union's number two division- 
al council, said by the 
conference’s standing orders 
committee — which runs foe 
meeting — to have been 
correctly submitted. 

The motion argued that the 
decision of foe union’s execu- 
tive to hold a postal ballot to 
elect foe ASTMS/TUC Gener- 
al council representative was 

According to foe number 
two divisional council, foe 
decision was a flagrant contra- 
diction of rule 24 (16k It 
insisted that the representa- 
tives be elected at foe annual 
conference, as provided for by 
that rule. 

Mr Douglas Hoyle, Labour 
MP for Warrington North, 
and the union's president, 
ruled the motion out of order. 

He told delegates that he 
had taken legal advice: “The 
election was earned out in 


accordance with law 
three legal opinions. 

"Our members made a large 
number of nominations in 
their branches. 

"The election was carried 
out with two candidates and 
more than 60,000 of our 
members participated, which 
.is 10 times more than in our 
previous election. 

"It would also be unlawful 
and if challenged in the courts 
it could result in our not 
having our nominated mem- 
ber on the TUC general 

This ruling was upheld by a 
show of bands after it too was 

Mr Jenkins, confirmed as 
anion choice for TUC 

Buytac Tft* n— » — w — m 

Austria SctijZV: BcfCHurn B_ FW 

7 pcener d£t 9.1 

inland Mu 9.00: France Frs a.OO: 
Re puDHT 40p:_ JUdy l 2 700:- Luxem 

•arorco _____ ... _ 

„ „«_'8: Portugal 

r 00; - 



£2,000 for pit 
strike victims 

The Criminal Injuries Com- 
pensation Board has awarded 
more than £2.000 damages to 
two men in Derbyshire and 
Nottinghamshire injured dur- 
ing foe national pit strike. 

The breakaway Union of 
Democratic Mineworicers re- 
vealed yesterday that a coach 
driver was awarded £750 for 
eye injuries suffered when a 
brick was thrown through his 
windscreen at Chesterfield. A 
miner from Mansfield who 
was beaten up received more 
than £1,500. 

?sde“ toeafto ' ^ aw to the Thames barrier 

34,000 jobs’ 

Thousands of jobs in foe 
Civil Service would be lost if 
foe Government went ahead' 
with plans to privatize defence 
establishments. Ministry of 
Defence staff meeting in 
Brighton were warned 

An outdated electro-me- 
chanical control system which 
operates foe £467 million 
Thames barrier wfl] have to be 
replaced because of freq&enl 

Mr Brian Sturtevant, secre- 
tary of the ministry section of 
foe Civil and Public Services 
Association, told the meeting 
that 34,000 jobs could go. 

He said that level of job 
losses, 20 per cent ofl 70.000 
jobs in the ministry, would 
lead to enonomic decline in 
143 towns and rural areas. 

"Because foe dozens of 
private companies anxious to 
snap up defence work win tty 
to boost profits by cutting staff 
and cutting corners, we envis- 
age that 34,000 jobs will 
disappear,” he said. 

The Thames Water Author- 
ity said yesterday that the 
control system did not put 
London at risk in the event of a 
flood or tidal surge. 

“We are looking at replac- 
ing the system, but ft is an 
immensely complex esgmeer- 
ing task. It is not a risk and the 

situation is under control,” a 
spokesman said. 

The authority took charge of 
foe flood barrier fire weeks 
, when foe Greater London 
was abolished. Extra 
staff hare had to be on duty 
every time foe barrier is 
operated to deal with possible 

The system failed dttrmg the 
official opening in 1984 when a 
gate stopped moving far sever- 
al minutes. One relay failed 
when foe barrier was last used, 
on Boxing Day 1985. 

Two years ago a confidential 
report by British . Brown- 
BovmL the contractors, said 
that "the fafiures were caused 
by contacts in foe relays not 
functioning' properly. The I 
company recommended that 
the barrier should bo replaced 
with a computerized control 
system costing between 
£9)0,000 and £2 infifiodL 
The existing control system, 
using etectroHmechanical re- 
lays, was installed because of 
the 20-year gap between con- 
ception und completion . 

between demonstrators -and 
police was m ucfc reduced from 
foe weekend before, when 300 
people, including 175 pofice 
officers, were Hurt 
Eighteen police officers 
were injured, none seriously, 
and 41 peai* were arrested 
for offences ranging from 
threatening behaviour to cru- 
elly to animals, as ah estimat- 
ed 2,500 demonstrators tried 
unsuccessfully to prevent ter- 
ries Canyfog copies of The 
Sunday Times and News Of the 
World ftota leaviqg the plant 
late on Saturday itight 

The police said the demon- 
stration was peaceful until 
midnight when a group of 400 
people blocked foe main road 
outside foe plant and were 
moved on by mounted offi- 
cers. Missiles and 
founder-flashes were thrown at 
the horses. 

Later a man tried to block 
foe convoy of lorries by 
driving a Coach imo its path 
but he was arrested and the 
coach removed. When further 
missiles, including lumps of 
concrete.' were thrown at po- 
lice horses, officers in riot gear 
moved in to disperse the 

Union dispute at Mencap 

Stewards fron the print 
union, Sogai ’82, had earlier 
made. strenuous efforts tokeep 
air the demonstrators under 
control, in accordance with 

da vpttd/? Sogaf general 
secretory, o« Saturday. “ 

Agreement was reached on 
ways to attempting to prevent 
violent dashes daring foe 
denranstratxms. including lhe 
setting op of direct telephone 
Jinks between union stewards 
. and senior police officers on 
the spot, and regular police- 
union consultations. 

The police said yesterday t 
that the new arrangements did 
succeed in reducing foe level 
of violence. They blamed the 
latest disturbances on outside . 
activists not directly connect- ’ 
ed with the dispute, 

The senior officer in Charge : 
on SaUHday night, Chief Sup t * 
Gerry Goodafi, said: "The I 
close contact with the union n 
steward* was a step forwaitl, . 
and the level of violence was 
reduced by this contact Blit 
there was an element in the . 
crowd which attached itself to : 
foe demonstration and did not .. 
comply with the stewards' “ 

Mr Chris Robbins, Sogai *' 
London secretary, said: "Sogai 
regrets any incidents of vTo- ■ 
letice from eifoier tire police or 
demonrtraiors unconnected 
with foe dispute”. . 

A further meeting between 
print union leaders and senior - 
police officers .to discuss the 

An attempt to unionize tire 
of a charity for the 

mentally handicapped has 
touched off a dispute that 
threatens to put 834 people 
out of work and severely 
curtail services for 4,000 


The dispute began last Janu- 



when 12 people on a 
lencap scheme in Leeds 
sponsored by the Manpower 
Services- Commission: (MSQ 
said they intended to form 
their own branch of the Na- 
tional Union of Public Em- 
ployees (NupeX 
Mencap opposed the plan. 
The charity’secmeral-manager, 
Mr Gilbert Harrison. 

said."Haiidi capped people 
have little notion Of clock- 
watching and our employees 
are often called on to work 
outside normal hours ■*" ' 
Nupe is still demanding to 
be formally recognized by 
Mencap. If the union uses its 
right of veto the scheme will 
be cancelled and 78 MSC 
trainees will be out of work. 

guidelines worked out be- dispute will be held tomorrow. 

Biffen seeks policy to 
offset Thatcherism 

Continued from page 1 - 

Television hopes for hit with croquet 

By Pete: Davenport 

ft may not have foe crancfe- 
ina impact of American foot- 
ball, the hypnotic appeal of 
siooker or the bar room 
familiarity of darts, bat cro- 
et has become the latest 
sport to attract the television 

For three days Granada 
Tele vision in Manchester has 
been featuring three live ses- 
sions a day plus evening edited 
hi ghlig hts, a total of eight 
boms of air time, of the 
aningty genteel sport of 
hoops and mallets. 

It is the first time a croquet 
toortrameitt has been televiired 
and Granada executives hope 
they can make it as popular as 
snooker and darts that some- 
times seem to dominate the 

and organized fa conjunction 
with foie CrOqneC Association. 
It Is hoped it will become a 

regular television event. 
The C 

The tournament, frivol ring 
12 invited top players from 
Ireland, Scotland 
Wales has been l 
by (be Royal Bank of! 

first prize however was 
only £150 plus a solid silver 
qmuefr. & Scottish drinking 
cup, a smn far removed from 
the £70,600 that snookers 
new world champion, Joe 
Johnsou from Bradford, 
picked op earlier last week. 

The contest bad been played 
oat on a manicured lawn 
surrounded by elegant bine 
and white stripe marquees - 
However, the setting was not 
quite so idyllic as foe small 
screen portrayed. 

It was not set within the 
rolling acres of some country 
mansion, but was specially 
created next to the television 
studios' car park just a few 
yards from the set of Corona- 
tion Street fa the heart of 

A spokesman for Granada 

expressed optimism abort the 
fa tore of the latest, unlikely, 
sport to be adopted by televi- 
sion. “ft is experimental at 
this stage fan we would hope it 
could be as popular as darts or 

“We are hoping it will show 
people that croquet fcs not just 
a game played by bishops and 
maty old colonels on the 
vicarage lawn, bat something 
that is very competitive, very 
sldlfii] and at times tactically 
quite ruthless. It is a sport 
with its own personalities too.” 

One of tire commentators 
was tiie farmer Grand Nation- 
al jockey. Lord Trevethfa and 
Oaksey, himself a keen 

But to emphasize foe broad 
appeal of the game, Granada 

said that players included a 
bricklayer, taxi driver, and a 
farmer. The winner was Mr 
Nigel Aspinafi, aged 39, a 
computer programmer and the 

world-ranked number one 

The Croquet Association, 
formed hi 1900 hopes that the 
television exposure will lead to 
an increase in interest. There 
are- already some 4,000 play- 
ers in the 130 dabs fa foe 
association, and as Mr Chris 
Hndson, its national develop- 
ment officer, pointed out, it is 
at feast a sport where Britain 
leads, winning the world 
championship in Anstratia 
four years ago. 

The title is about to be 
fought over again when teams 
from Australia and New Zea- 
land arrive fa Britain next 
month for a series of nine test 

Mr. Hudson said: *1 don't 
think ft wiD ever be as popular 
AS snooker on telerisioa, hot I 
teoohi expect foe coverage to 
help croquet expand quite 
considerably.* 4 

Mr Tebbit, who will today 
start as official, inquest at 
party headquarters into last 
week's dismal election results^ 
will address foe Conservative 
backbench 1922 Committee 
on Thursday. 

The invitation was issued 
last week before foe elections 
took place and it was being 
emphasized by senior Conser- 
vatives last night that the 
meeting will in no Sense be the 
prelude., to a witchhunt but 
rather a>f opportunity for the 
party to take stock and See 
where ft was going. 

Nevertheless there is no 
hiding the concern felt by 
some Conservatives at Mr 
Tebbit's performance. One se- 
nior, minister said fast night 
judgement on hte performance 
would remain suspended for - 
foe tirhe being. 

Mr Tebbit. asked yesterday 
about -his future as party 
chairman, said: “If foe Prime ; 
Minister or the Chief Whip 
said uy me that they wanted 
me to go. why ever not? But I 
do -not think’ that is going to 
arise, i will stay so long as I 
can do a useful job." 

About . his style,- be said: “I 
do not think it. raucous to 
insist cm setting out in front of - 
the electorate v^jai other 

parties' polities are even if 
they choose to conceal them 
or indeed have two or three 
polities which they advocate 
in different parts of the 

Meanwhile Mr Malcolm 
Rifkind, Secretary of State for 
Scotland, issued a warning 
that it would be “facile” to 
assume the Conservative Par- 
ly would automatically regain 
the ground lost at Thursday's 
elections in time for the next 
general election. 

“What we have got to do, 
from the Prime Minister ' 
downwards, is to ' fasten to 
those who voted for us at the 
fast general election and who ^ 
are not voting for us now.” 





t f i 



»;> r 

making. This 

Item department" of paid staff 

Mr Zeeland Dr Owen have 
agreed to start drawing op * , 
fast Of expert sympathizers, 
including economists and aca- ■; 
demies, wb» cottid act as foe '' 
"brains” behind Affiance pofa. *. 
titiass. At jJresenti foe Gov- . 
ernmettt has 22 special - 
advisers appointed as CiyO _ 
Servants otf contract most in 
ministers' private offices and - 
some m foe Dow nin g Street * 

Tbt Affiance plan mftdd 
sfeni&caatfy increase foetr • 
role and numbers, and give " 

mmirteriaf trains of officials 

as clout oft global policy ” 

as foe Downing Street imit at 3 
present gives foe'Pritte Minis- ' 
ter. They would, however, aft : 
rJongskfe existingprivale sec- 
retaries and other careetr CivU k 
Service advisers. 

: * 

EHubsth SMefafs 

Balfoi (CJ 
ShHiey Haines (Lufj) 






Total vote 544H7 Turnout 67% 

1983: J 

_ 33.912: M« E 
a m 17,170; p Beam 
(Lab) 5.816. Trial rota 56^98 - 
(71-8). C majority .16.142 (287%). *- 

A' fate local : government - 
tiection result announced on 4. 


— « i . *. 



4- B 

1 n L 




£500m needed to stop 
long traffic queues on 
stm-unflnished M25 

By Michael Baity, Transport Editor 
T 1 * Government faces lulls stretch of the entire motorwa 

of up to £500 million during 
the next 10 years to cope with 
serious overcrowding already 
evident on die M25 motorway 
even before it is finishe d. 

Traffic on the £ 1,000 mil- 
lion London orbital road 
so exceeded ministry forecasts, 
that on the busiest stretches it 
is running at up to 115,000 
vehicles a day compared with 
an expected 75,000. 

This is causing daily queues 
several mites long, and com- 
pares with an average of 
40,000 vehicles on Britain's 
six-lane motorways, and a 
design^ maximum of abont 

The M25 is a six-lane 
motorway throughout its 120- 
roDe length, except for a short 
stretch near Heathrow where 
there are eight lanes, and 
through the Dartford tunnel 
where there are four. 

This has already been 
shown to be a serious under- 
estimate. and substantial wid- 
ening is essential unless the 
motorway is to become a 
massive bottleneck at peak 
times, driving traffic back on 
to the surrounding local roads 
it was intended to relieve, 
experts say. 

Extra lanes are needed 
round the west and north-east 
sides, at a probable cost of 
£420 million in 1986 terms; 
£520 milKon in 1993 values. 

The most urgent needs are; 
Staines to Wistey: The busiest 

where extra lanes are 
to cope with existing 
congestion. ' 

Fortunately, space for extra 
lanes has already been built 
into pan of the section (unlike 
most of the M25) so the cost is 
estimated at a modest £9 
million, plus £5 million to 
upgrade the inadequate 
M3/M25 interchange. 
Dartford tumet Traffic has 
already reached 85,000 vehi- 
cles a day compared with a 
forecast of 60,000, and the 
queues are expected to be 
larger than last summer as 
traffic heads for the channel 

Tenders have already been 
sought for a new tunnel or 
bridge that would add four 
more lanes at a cost of about 
£150 million. 

A! to M4: The key A1 to 
Watford section is the last pan 
of the M25 to be built, and 
overcrowding is expected 
from the day it opens this 

Traffic feeding into it from 
the A1 and Ml motorways, 
spurred on by congestion at 
the Dartford tunnel, will pro- 
duce a further traffic surge on 
the already heavily-used west- 
ern side of the motorway. Two 
more lanes down to Heathrow 
and the M4 would cost about 
£130 million. 

Leather bead-Retgate Prob- 
lems with this 716-mile stretch 
delayed its opening last sum- 

mer, and complaints since 
about the quality of its surface 
make eventual re-surfacing 
inevitable. Hie cost will be 
£15 million. 

MJ1-M20: If the Channel 
tunnel goes ahead with die 
M20 as its main route to 
London, extra lanes mil be 
needed to cope with traffic 
growth in the 1990s down the 
east side of the M25 from the 
Ml l Cambridge motorway to 
the M20 south of the Thames. 
Estimated cost £1 15 rafllion. 

Ministers have consistently 
denied the need for widening 
while the M25 was being built, 
and Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary Of Stale for Transport, 
said earlier this year that an 
assessment must await until 
after its first foil year as a 
completed motorway. 

But he acknowledged that 
ministry forecasts had serious- 

S > under-estimated traffic 
ows, and has already bowed 
to pressure for relief of the 
worst bottleneck at Dartford, 
where new lanes are expected 
in about 1992. 

The urgency of the need was 
amply demonstrated during a 
two-hour survey of the busy 
south-west section with an 
M25 traffic officer. Sergeant 
Andy Smith, of Surrey Police, 
one day last week. 

Between 730 and 9.30 in 
the morning peak time on 
Thursday queues extended 
several miles on the M25 and 
the M3 feeding into it 
According to Sgt Smith, the 
problem is exacerbated by 
many drivers not used to 
motorways and who use the 
M25 as a local road (which 
indeed for them it is). 

There were many examples 
of cars being driven too dose 
to the vehicle in front, and 
weaving from one lane to 
another, resulting on average 
in an accident each day. . 

Most are not serious be- 
cause of the density and slow 
speed of the traffic. 

“I dread to think what 
would happen if we had to 
dose our section of the 
motorway,** Sgt Smith said. 

-There are no alternative 
routes. We've been gening 
115,000 vehicles a day at the 
peak, and it wasn't supposed 
to reach that till the 1990s. 

“It's like this every day now. 
What's it going to be like in 15 
years’ time?" 

TUC calls 
for equal 
at 60 

The TUC calls today for a 
state retirement age of 60 for 
men and women with no loss 
of pension. 

It also calls for a coherent 
programme of measures lead- 
ing to an overall reduction in 
retirement ages. 

The TUCs views are pub- 
lished in its response to the 
government consultation pa- 
per, Sex Discrimination amt 
Retirement Age. 

Mr Norman Willis, TUC 
general secretary, says: “The 
Government are doing no 
more than the absolute mini- 
mum required to comply with 
the European Court. They 
have not raced up to the real 
issues of better pensions and 
an end to discrimination in 
pension schemes." 

The TUC says that women 
may have to work longer to 
achieve the same level of 

The Government’s moves 
to give women the right to 
continue working until the 
same age as men came after 
the successful action taken by 
a Hampshire woman in the 
European Court 

A triumphant Liz Hobbs, who yesterday won the women’s event in the British Water Ski 
championships at Weymouth, Dorset, on her return after an 80 mph spill in 1984 in which 
she suffered serious neck and chest injuries (Photograph: Tun Bishop). 

Kidney transplant 
study is launched 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

A detailed study to establish 
why kidneys for transplant are 
not collected from potential 
donors, and precisely how 
many organs should be avail- 
able in a year for transplanta- 
tion. is being launched by 
Britain's transplant co- 

The iast study, in 1979, 
estimated that 4,000 patients a 
year suffered brain death in 
intensive care units, which, in 
theory, should mean a poten- 
tial 8,000 kidneys would be 
available annually for trans- 
plantation, if relatives -agreed 
to them being donated. But 
kidney transplants are run- 
ning at only 1,500 a year. 

A pilot study involving 
about a dozen intensive care 
units is to be run by Mrs Celia 
Wight, the transplant co-ordi- 
nator at Addenbtooke's Hos- 
pital in Cambridge. 

Doctors, nurses and others 
will be asked why patients are 
not referred for transplanta- 
tion, and Mrs Wight is hoping 

the Department of Health will 
finance a study involving 
some 50 units 

That study would go back 
over cases' of brain-death to 
try to establish why organs 
were not donated - whether 
the relatives refused, whether 
there were communication 
difficulties with the transplant 
co-ordinators or transplant 
teams, whether the patients 
were : unsuitable because of 
massive infection or cancer, 
whether measures could be 
taken to make it easier for 
doctors and nurses to ap- 
proach relatives. 

Mrs Wight said: "In theory 
less than a quarter of the 
organs that could be available 
for transplantation are being 
offered, but that figure is 
based on a study that is now 
some years out of date. We 
want to try to establish hist 
bow many organs should be 
available and wbai the prob- 
lems are that lead to organs 
being misted.** 

link in 
car video 

The first rear seat television 
and video unit for cars in 
Britain is to be launched this 

The 4'6-inch square colour 
television unit, mounted be- 
tween the from seats or on a 
moveable stand, can be used 
to pick up normal television 
transmissions, or linked to tbe 
video recorder. 

The unit will also be con- 
nected to a quadrophonic 
sound system, enabling people 
in tbe front seat to listen to 
music while passengers in the 
rear watch the television with 

The video system, manufac- 
tured by Blaupunkt and ex- 
pected to sell for about £1 .500. 
is the first stage in a series of 
developments linking the vid- 
eo to a computer network. 

Businessmen will soon be 
able to receive information on 
the car telephone which can be 
transmitted u> an in-car com- 
puter and displayed on the 

Pubs ‘better 
than hotels* 

There is a superior and 
cheaper alternative to the 
"cold, impersonal rabbit 
hutches" of modern hotel 
chains, according to a new 
guide published today. 

The Campaign for Real Ale 
says in its book. Beer ; Bed and 
Breakfast, that it is "one of 
Britain's best kept secrets" 
that hundreds of public houses 
offer excellent traditional ac- 
commodation and food. 

Coastal group 
comes of age 

Enterprise Neptune, the Na- 
tional Trust's appeal to save 
Britain's unspoilt coastline, 
celebrates its twenty-first 
anniversary this week, having 
raised almost £8.5 million and 
with 465 miles of coastline 
under its protection. 

Up television 

Television cameras could 
replace conventional peri- 
scopes on future British sub- 
marines if current tests prove 
successful Cameras would be 
above the surface for less time, 
reducing risk of detection. 


Two women each won 
£8.000 in Saturday's weekly 
Portfolio Gold. The total was 
£16,000 because the weekly 
prize had not been won the 
previous Saturday. 

"My win couldn't have come 
at a better time. It is certainty 
a welcome boost as I am . 
unemployed at the moment” ~ 
Miss Jacqui Parish, of New 1 
Eltham, south-east London, 
said. She has been playing the 
game since it started two years 

Winning was a special thrill - 
for Mrs "Barbara Delamere, of. 
New Malden, Surrey, as she 
normally does not play the . 

"I usually play Portfolio," . 
her husband, Gerald; a racing 
adviser and freelance writer, 

"But 1 had to go to the races 
on Saturday so Barbara com- 
ileted tbe game. It was her 
lucky Midas touch.” 

He plans to boy his wife a 
new car to celebrate her • 
passing her driver's test a few 
weeks ago. 

Nine winners each won 
£1,777.77 in the daily Portfo- 
lio Gold last Saturday, which 
totalled £16,000. 

The prize, normally £4,000, . 
increased to £16,000 last week 
as there were no winners on 
Wednesday. Thursday or 

One. of the winners. Mis 
Gillian Epstein, of Finchley, 
north London, was very - 
thrilled because her son, Ben, 
aged eight, had completed the 

“We all think it was Ben's 
special lock,” she said. 

Mr John Howarth, a prison 
officer of Parsley, near Leeds, 
said he will use the prize 
money to pay for a family trip 
to Washington DC to see his 

The seven other winners 

Mrs Nasint Akhtar Bani, of 
Watford, Hertfordshire; Mr 
Brian Bell, of Gravesend, 
Kent; Miss B Cowderoy, of ' 
Barbican, Loudon; Mr Fred 
Baker, ofTonbridge. Kent; Mr 
Frank Lavery, of Hemel - 
Hempstead, Hertfordshire; 
Mr Afsar Sarker, of 
Guildford. Surrey, and Mrs 
Marjory Mackenzie, of Couls- 
don, Surrey. 

Von will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play tbe 
game. If yon have any difficul- 
ty obtaining one from your 
newsagent, send an sAe. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times. 

PO Box 40, 







- At | 
lost of . 
rations c 
police, _ 
bui in , 
er, Mr .* 
iniip- j 

ess 1 re- e 
latest * 
>■ and 
ads of 

t 'the 
is last 
30 at 
ed up 
c But 
mg to 
I last 



for syringe 

By Thomson Prentice 

Science Correspondent 

Drug addicts should be 
allowed to exchange used 
syringes for new ones to stop 
the spread of acquired im- 
mune deficiency syndrome 
(Aids), according ton team of 

The doctors, writing in The 
Lancet , said that other British 
cities may soon face problems 
similar to those detected in 
Edinburgh, where more than 
half of intravenous drug abus- 
ers have been infected with the 
.Aids virus. 

The Scottish capital has the 
highest rate of infection in 
Britain among drug abusers, 
largely because of their prac- 
tice of sharing needles. 

The report said that all but 
one of a group of 46 addicts 
who attended a self-referral 
clinic for blood tests and 
advice in the city had told 
doctors that they shared sy- 
ringes- Thirty of the group, 
which had an average age of 
23, showed traces of the 

"Sterile needles and sy- 
ringes should be provided, on 
a new-for-old basis, to reduce 
needles-sbariog among intra- 
venous drug abusers, since 
this seems to be a major route 
of transmission of the HTLV- 
III virus.” the doctors said. 

A two-day conference on 
Aids, organized by the Royal 
College of Physicians, was toM 
that almost half of the 300 
Aids patients in Britain had 

Post Office computer 
link includes cash card 

By KB Johnstone, Technology Correspondent 

The Post Office is to em- 
bark on the first stage of its 
£100 million programme to 
provide services such as the- 
atre and travel tickets, person- 
al hanking and hotel bookings 
ai its high street slurps. 

Counter staff will use com- 
puter terminals linked to one 
of tbe biggest computer net- 
works is Europe, enabling 
them to perform many ofthar 
traditional roles in seconds. 

By the end of tbe summer, 
more than 130 automated 
idler machines will also have 
been installed in selected of- 
fices, linking the National 
Girobank to 24 other financial 
institutions, including build- 
ing societies. Customers wifi 
be able to withdraw cash and 
perforin limited transactions 
using cash cards. 

A spokesman for the Post 
Office said the counter termi- 
nals will mean greater flexibil- 
ity and speed. More services 
will added to tbe 200 already 
provided, including theatre, 
travel and hotel bookings. 

"The need to write cheques 
or complete forms will be cut 
dramatically. Machines win 
enable counter clerks to trans- 
mit details of transactions in 
seconds, provide customer re- 
ceipts, endorse licence appli- 
cations and could even print 
travel or other tickets on the 
spot,” he said 
A total of 250 Post Offices 
in an area stretching from 
Aldershot, Hampshire; to 
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, 
and from Basingstoke, Hamp- 
shire, to Slough, Berkshire, 

and Oxford, 


Sugar and fat cleared 
in reports on obesity 

Neither animal fat nor sugar 
makes one fat, according to 
two separate scientific reports 
published yesterday. 

Britain's overall fat con- 
sumption, particularly of ani- 
mal fat, is about the same as 
other developed countries, yet 
the incidence of disease is 
higher than in Austria, Den- 
mark and Belgium, which aQ 
eat more fat than Britons do. 
the independent Association 
of Agriculture said. 

“h is a reduction in overall 
calorie intake which is re- 
quired. Hie calories contained 
in fat are no more fattening 

than the calories contained in 
other nutrients, it is only that, 
weight for weight, there are 
more of them,” the associa- 
tion said. 

A report from Glasgow 
University also concluded 
that there was no firm scientif- 
ic evidence to link sugar with 
obesity. Professor John 
Durnin said: "Hie problem is, 
the myth that eating sugar 
leads to obesity has been 
repeated so often that it is now 
taken as feet 

"ft is not true that fat people 
prefer sweet things or that 
sugar is dangerous to health.” 

Jobless youths seize chance 

By Charles Knevift, Architecture Correspondent 

Three previ ously unem- 
ployed youths from the St 
Paul's area of Bristol have 
started a constractfow compa- 
ny after learning lire necessary 
skOls iu a self-build bousing 

project visited by the Prince of 
Wales last mouth. 

Mr Joseph Gordon and two 
of his co*hagu» frwn the 
Zenzete Setf-BmM Housing 

Association are nndertmang 

local projects for other cheats 
after helping to braid 

manage their own devetop- 

mentof 12 flats for foe 

unemployed in the Fishponds 
area of the city. 

The project Is one of S3 
short-listed Mines taThe 
7 £rw*/R!BA Community En- 
terprise s cheme. 


gMt month at the Royal 
Institute of British Architects 

ra £SsSn*o*te»S)^ 

rp oral Miss Tana Anrtoj» * 

ploy, started the self-build 
project is 1982 because of 
their concern with yocmg peo- 
ple and housing in the inner 



aim was to give 12 
jomg unemployed people a 
chance to build their own flats 
and tbe motivation to improve 
their skiBs ami encourage high 
standards of workmanship, 
thus increasing their job 
prospects, . 

By hnBdmg their own flats 
each member saved about 
£6,000 on tbe £16,000 con- 
struction costs. The first flat 
has recently been sold for 
£19.000. . . 

Mr Norman Biddle, who is a 
nantity surveyor, with 

£, Symoods & Partners and 
who was chief adviser to the 
group, said yesterday that the 
confidence gained by members 

employed when the 
; started. 

member of tbe original 

{poop was expelled for “not 
— .i= — jug weight” and re- 

. Mr Gordon estimated that 
members of the group with 
jobs spent up to 35 boms a 
week bmkfing the flats, those 
originally unemployed ftp to 
twice that. Now a management 


meat to dm project had ted to 
II of the 12 now befog in fmH- 

committee has been formed to 

manay awl nmintgin the flats, 
with each resident paying a 
service charge of £3 a week. 

The association has pro- 
duced an honest and compre- 
hensive account of the project 
from inception to completion, 
including the method and de- 
tailed costings, to eacourage 
other unemployed young peo- 
ple to attempt similar self- 
. taSd projects. 

The report is available from 
Mr ffiddle at L £. Symonds & 
Partners, 29-33 Princess Vic- 
toria Street, Clifton, Bristol 

Advice for 
doctors on 
cuts risks 

The Medical Defence Un 
ion, the biggest of tbe organi- 
zations that -insure doctors 
against claims for medical 
negligence, is advising its 
members to write to it and to 
lodge formal warnings with 
health service managers when 
health service spending re- 
strictions threaten patient care 
(Our Social Services Corre- 
spondent writes). 

Tbe onion says in a leading 
article in its jonroal that 
“concern has been expressed 
by many members that the 
imposition of strict butte 
will lead, or has already led, to 
deficiencies in patient care”. 

Necessary economies have 
to be made, the union says, 
and waste must be avoided, 
but “the safety of patients 
should always be the mime 

“Members are aware of the 
very real threat that they will 
be blamed — and sued — if 
patients suffer harm as a result 
of the economies.” 

The union's council, it says, 
has been provided with exam- 
ples from all- parts of the 
country of reductions in essen- 
tial equipment, in nursing 
services and medical staffing 
and of closures of wards and 
operating theatres. “No region 
appears to have been spared.” 
To reduce the risk to doc- 
tors of being sued if patients 
suffer from economies, the 
defence union says, doctors 
should write to the union and 
inform tbe local general man- 
ager in writing at the time 
economies are made. 

- “If a consultant considers 
that medical or support ser- 
vices are potentially hazard- 
ous he should use his 
judgement to decide whether 
the need for treatment out- 
weighs the risk to the patient. 
He should record tbe reasons 
for his decision in the clinical 

The union adds: “ft seems 
likely thai there are hard times 
ahead for patients whose treat- 
ment may be jeopardized, 
doctors and nurses who may 
be wrongfully accused of negh- 
grace, and administrators 
who have to implement diffi- 
cult policies.” 

Campaign to 
save barn owl 

An appeal to protect the 
barn owl, whose numbers 
have bees halved m tbe past 
50 years, is to be launched 
later tins momh.- 
The Hawk Trust says the 
owl's natural habitats and 
food have laigefy been de- 
stroyed by modern intensive 
farming methods, and thou- 
sands are killed every year by 
motor vehicles. 


e Af- 
5 and 
n the 
l hills 



n Sri 
i, Mr 
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are more 

than others. 











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Scania have never been tempted lo compete on 

cosl alone. 

Trying to equal some of today's truck prices would 
mean saerrf icing too many of our principles and 
too much of your cost-efficiency. 
Instead of investing over 7% of sales turnover in 
research and development, we might have to cut 
a few comers. Which could mean risking our 
hard-won reputation for absolute reliability and for 

fuel economy. 

. Instead of manufacturing our own engines, 
gearboxes, axles and cabs, we might have lo 
make do with bolting together bits and pieces 
maae by someone less dedicated lo precision. 

And instead of maintaining 24-hour international 
Lifeline cover, wed be forced to trim our support 
services to more ordinary levels. 

True, wed be able lo offer you a cheaper truck But 
it would probably cost you more to run it certainly 
wouldn't last as long. And when the time comes to 
sell, the return on your initial investment wouldn't 
be so healthy. 

Scania promise you years of low-cosi operation 
And that more than equals a short-term saving in 
(he bargain basement. 

Scania (Great Britain) Limited, TongwH, . 

1S8HB. Buckinghamshire 
Tbt: 0908 614040. Tdex: B2S376. 

Scania. Buildmg trucks, building reputations. 

61, a 
Jed in 
\ has 
I from 

- Mr 
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ixi in 
jo the 
bed of 
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e New 

- Res- 
d says 
i from 
f British 
ipui wants »- 




Government to publish 
its proposals for 
a single family court 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

t The Government this week 
publishes its long-awaited pro- 

S s for creating a single 
y court in England and 
- Wales. 

They come against a mount- 
. ing clamour among MPs. 

some pans of the legal profes- 
. si on and the “family rights 1 ' 
lobby for the Government to 
set up such a court to bring 
family disputes within one 
forum, and deal with all 
matters such as divorce, custo- 
dy, maintenance, adoption 
and wardship. 

Last autumn the Family 
- Courts Campaign was 
launched by 100 MPs. indi- 
viduals and organizations, 
and an eariy-day motion ta- 
- bled by Mr Leo Abse, Labour 
. MP for Torfaen, has attracted 
more than 50 names. 

The present system, where 
, family matters are split among 
- . three court systems - the 
magistrates, county courts and 
High Court — is described as 
;* ‘■chaotic*’. 

It is complex, lengthy, cosi- 
ly and confusing; the overlap- 

ping jurisdiction can mean 
cases shuttled back and forth 
. between the different systems. 
- One recent custody case had 
■ six hearings at three levels in 

three months and cost 
£ 20 . 000 . 

A family court would also 
increase specialization by 
judges and registrars who 
make decisions in family mat- 
ters and ensure cases are 
handled by the appropriate 
level of judge. 

The debate goes back to the 
proposal of the Finer commit- 
tee in 1974 and in spite of 
support from several govern- 
ments a family court has never 
been a top political priority. 

Last year the campaign, 
which is supported by magis- 
trates. social workers and 
advice workers, was reviewed 
by the Law Society with 
proposals for a new two-tier 
court which it says would 
redistribute costs, not increase 

But the Bar does not believe 
radical change is needed to 
check the detects in the sys- 
tem. Nor, as the Law Society 
wants, does it favour laymen 
involved in sitting on large 
numbers of family cases. 

This week's report, two and 
a half years in the making and 
several times delayed because 
of its complexity, comes at a 
time when government deter- 

mination to act is probably at 
its weakest. 

Lord Hailsham of St Mary- 
lebone, the Lord Chancellor, 
came close to radical reform in 

1 983, with proposals to reor- 
ganize the family jurisdiction 

ganrze the tamuy jurisdiction 
of the High Court and county 

The more radical proposal, 
backed by the Law Society, 
was to mage those courts into 
a family court. 

But the Matrimonial and 
Family Proceedings Act which 
followed went for the more 
modest proposal, favoured by 
the Bar, to improve the distri- 
bution of business between the 
two courts. 

That came into effect last 
week and in the Bar's view 
may remedy the problem of 
cases going to an inappropri- 
ate court. 

Meanwhile, sortie improve- 
ments could be achieved; one 
concern is the way care cases 
are handled. The Bar would 
like to see these removed from 
magistrates, along with other 
complex cases such as contest- 
ed adoption, and placed with a 
circuit jud^e familiar with 
family law or a High Court 



< llj 

i r 

raj ] 


9T* 8 

By RodneyCowlon, Defence Correspondent 
Army is seeking to which men for vehicles 

The- Army is - seeking to which . ri 
correct ‘failing standards- by destroyed. 

zgttiss&s 'JsssssaziS' 

the of laser and eleraronic 

equipment; It can si mulat e - ‘ ?** 

much better than ever before S 

arbiway soldier* have side 

fired at targets. 

This week about . twenty 
generals and many other se- 

caUy and tend to 
the battlefield m i 

rate on 

view op 

as ***** ** 

John Stanley, Minster of ^7- 
State for the Armed Forces, No* nfles, 
saw a demons tra tion on the sho &mt 4 w 
lank ranges at Hohne in nortb «jWppe<r io 
Germany of wbg can be ***** 

were nnmoftaL 

:Ndi« rifles, ©ms. missiles 
and other, weapons can be 
equipped to fine harmless 
lasers which, if accurately 

Tairmnt fn -i i m ■ r 

achieved with the new equip- amied to achieve a hit, acn- 

- vate sensir systems on the 
those p «« » q g for-- targets, 
spending on the If a “bit*’ is achieved it 

equipment are Lr 
Generali Sr Brian 
Commander, 1st 



Reunion for Simon le Bon and his wife, Yasmin, on foe quayside (Photograph: John Yoos). 

Drug search on race yacht 

automatically causes artificial 
smoke to pour oat of a lank or 
tees a bleeping sound 

equipment, worn by the 
Majbr-General Keah Spade. infantryman. 

Director of Army Training. : The only ytif the soldier 

General Spade said drat in can stop foe bfeeping is by 
Germany the British Army of lying on his hack as thoufo 
the Rhine was 40 per cent dead until a controller comes 
short pf its needs for ranges for along to deactivate foe equip- 
firing live ammunition and menibyfiringanofoer - slieai 
there were simiirrshortfafis in . it 

.Britain. There wore increasing A senior officer said that 

environmental pre s a u c s to with ibis equipment it was so 
limit the use of ranges, apparent when a soldier or a 

Irish back divorce, poll says 

A new Irish opinion poll has 
claimed a majority in favour 
of ending the country's consti- 
tutional ban on divorce. 

In a further development 
Sinn Fein, political wing of the 
IRA. said it would endorse a 
referendum attempt to change 
the law and permit divorce for 
the first time. 

The survey-, published in 
yesterday's Sunday Press in 

Dublin, and carried out by 
Research Surveys of Ireland, 
indicated that 49 per cent of 
those questioned supported 
scrapping the written Irish 
constitutional divorce barrier, 
with 35 per cent against and 
13 per cent undecided. 

After eliminating the “don't 
knows" 58 per cent were for 
the move and 42 per cent 
against. A separate survey last 

week had 57 per cent backing 
the introduction of divorce 
and the figures are seen in 
Dublin as part of growing 
opinion behind altering the 
50-year-old constitution. 

The Dail is expected to 
rubber-stamp legislation this 
week for a nationwide poll 
next month. 

It is being resisted by the 
Roman Catholic Church. 

Customs officers boarded 
Simon Le Boa's yacht. Drum, 
when it completed the 
Whitbread Round the World 
race in Portsmouth at 5 am 

One of the customs team, 
numbering about ten, took a 

yacht including Le Bod’s wife, 
Yasmin, who west eat in a 
launch to meet the yacht 

Drain, the third yacht to 
finish, crossed foe line off 
Seothsea Castle. It arrived to 
a dawn chorus of squeals from 
about 100 fans of the Doran 

mood after his voyage an foe 
last two legs of foe race. He 
said he would love to do it 
again, but m somebody rise's 
boat, and loved being part of a 

limit the use of ranges. 

The need to ec on om iz e os 
ammunition meant that an 
infantryman was allowed only 
30 rounds for live firings year. 

apparent when a soldier or a 
vehicle had been, hit that they 
w ere foam ed into trying much 
more realistically to use cor- 
rect battlefield techniques to 

As a result, teaming standards avoid exposing i cmseives w 
in some respects had faSea to fire. The value of the training 

“I wanted to do ft to find ottt 
if 1 could go to sea with a 

unacceptably low levels winch was increased enormously, 
could only get worse. So far foe Army has little of 

Traditionally, battlefield ex- the simulator equipment and 
erases have been conducted is pressing for a big increase in 

ed foe final leg from Uruguay, 
was searched, apparently for 

The delay with Drum an- 
gered relatives and friends 
who had stood shivering on the 
floating pontoon alongside foe 

daring the night playing tapes 
of their returning hero. 

Yasmin told her husband: 
“Yon tried damned hard and 
yon did damned good.’* 

music and things like that and 
change my fife completely." 

by tanks, artillery and infantry the £25 million allocated in 
blazing away at each other foe defence budget for buying 

with blank ammunition, while more. 

The singer was in a happy, 
bat sometimes philosophical 

Dram, skippered by Skip 
Novak, finished tire coarse 
after sailing 27,000 miles since 
it left Portsmouth nearly right 
months ago. 

th underflashes and other py- 
rotechnics simulate explo- 

Mr Stanley said be had been 
(pressed by what be had 

sions on foe ground. The seen, but re/used to commit 
trouble is that there has been himself on whether resources 

no way or tern 
would have 

bit and 

for extra equipment could be 

Talks on 
in prisons 

By Peter Evans 
Home Affairs 

A formula to settle the 
immediate difference between 
prison officers and manage- 
ment will be put to the test at a ; 
meeting between the two sides 

Tte question is whether it 
will also be accep tab le to the 
general membership of the 
association both as r e prese n t- 
ed at the annual co n fere nc e or 
through the ballot box. 

The sensitivity of tire sub- 
ject is such that tire leadership 
of tire Prison Officers’ Associ- 
ation would, uncharacteristi- 
cally. not go on foe record 
about tire issues confronting it 

But the aim is to get tire 
immediate dispute over man- 
ning settled before the annual 
conference later this month. 
The difference between tire 
two sides was whether foe 
local manning levels should be 
settled by negotiations — the 
officers’ wish - or discussion 
and consultation as manage- 
ment decree, with the gover- 
nor in foe end deciding. 

The reduction of the work- 
ing week, expected by officers* 
to be from 40 to 39 hours, has 
yet to be dealt with. 

But staff speculated that to 
save the extra hour, manage- 
ment would be tempted to 
lock up earlier some prisoners 
not so far suffering shorter 
periods of association with 
each other out of their cells: 

■-3£rt . <* “i'll 

*'*0*»* •***»**»' -AyUu •> 

Top prices 
for model 

In spire of Rambo, Rocky 
and foe new American jingo- 
ism. New York toy collectors 
sift befieve that the more 
co nv en tio nal Christian sol- 
diers bead tire column (Huon 
MaOafeu writes). On Satur- 
day h> New York Phillips 
offered lead-fifettres by Britain 
and ofoev teadrag mxnnfactuv- 
ers, and less than I per cent of 
aioial of $153,109 (£99,421) 
was bought in. 

A 14-piece Salvation Army 
band by Britain, produced for 
only a few months in 1910, 
sold for S6.380 (£4.143) 
against an estimate of between 
S2J00 and $3,000. 

A 21 -piece set of the Royal 
Marines light infantry issued 
from 1938 to 1940 bore the 
scar of tire playroom, but stOl 
reached $5,280 (£3.428) (esti- 
mate $2,000-$2j00). 

Another rarity, because 
children seemed to prefer 
colourful dress uniforms to 
khaki, is tire service dress 
version of the Royal Horse 
Artillery set In London one 
sold for £7,200 two years ago, 
with prices getting lower as 
more came out of the toy 
cupboard. The one offered in 
New York bad a battered box, 
but foe price of S3J0Q 
(£2.143) was still far above the 

A Gunthermann painted tir 
clockwork fire engine, made 
$2,640 (£L71 4). 

Borrow as much as yo 

Science report 

Discovery brings hope 
for arthritis patients 

New aad better treatments which played a rote in the 
for tire most ^widespread and imm w i t- reaction and in fever. 

No matter how much you’re after, there’s now 
just one rate for both endowment and repayment 

Instant Decisions 

Whether you already have a mortgage or you’re a 
first time buyer, your local Abbey National Manager 
can give you an instant decision. 

The amount you can borrow depends on what 
you can afford, not on what you earn. For a rough 
guide, multiply your main earnings by 3 and add any 
secondary income. 

F or example, if you borrow £30,000 over 25 years, 
your monthly repayments will be £296.85 (£230.40 
net of basic rate tax). Making a total of £89,294.06 
gross (£69,314.62 net) at the current rate of 11.00% 
(APR 11.7%, although rates may varv). 

eed right now 

crippling of diseases, arthritis, and, probably, also hi tissue 
could come from a technique repair. 

Thetow sbn*m assume a propem valued n ffOpOO 
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)y ! nf , i 0f ^ a 1 _P 2 y menf redemption J 

^ Ob. may ^ be payable. M 

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for observini 
inside affects 
The disco* 
oratory in G 
in ssetiAdi 

what happens 

r, made air the 

Fragments from foe break- 
down of proteoglycan snrvfved 
for a short while in synovial 

T V "unc 111 sjmiTMl 

-“v fluid, and foe amount amid be 

measured by foe techakpre. 

S JtlvS - | - | 

pita! nearby, and <ftouhl make „ J f j£ d 5SX J®® 

s»-^ »■.«•****• 

first time, whether a dnm or and all had more than 

«3£r hMltty people. Th ey cobM be 

arthritic joint, or, as some J*”** E” 1 ***^ 

annnuc joint, or, as some r: — r®v — r~*r 

doctors suspect, only worsens ™Pk«d. 

it. The amoent increased sn-oM 

Dr John Dingle, director of «> foe severely 

the laboratory, said that it aBected, providing a sensitive 

the laboratory, said that it a*««ed, providing a sensitive 
would be possible also to scale tor companson. 
monitor new drags for their Dr Pringle said that the 

effect on foe disease itself and laboratory had begun longito- 
not just .the symptoms, dfaal s t ud i es , observing the 

Strangeways. a mtdical re- 
search charity depending en- 
tirely on outside grants, is 
regarded as one of the leading 
centres of rheumatism re- 
search in the world. 

Explaining the develop- 

ment, Dr Dingle said that jeiat cd . with a 

changes In indiridnal patients 
receiving different drug treat- 
ments. A drag which was 
found to be associated with a 
reduced rate of breakdown 
would be doing good. On the 
other hand, one drag assoefat- 



Habit i 

cartilage was made up of 
coQagea fibres holding a sub- 
stance called proteoglycan. 
This had a strong affinity , for 
water and, swollen by it, 
absorbed stresses aad strains 
as well as bhricathig joints. 

Lack of proteoglycan resnlt- 
ed in the wear of cartilage and 
bone typical of advanced rbeo- 
matk disease. Proteoglycan, 
however, was broken down by 
another .. body substance,* 
interleoldn one, known as ILl. 
This was a .messenger nrote- 
cule, widespread in (he body. 

greater than another woold be 
doing less good, and might, at 
worst, be doli^ harm, al- 
thongh it relieved pain. They 
expected wmthwbife results in 
a year. 

The laboratory would be 
aide* also to monitor new 
pharmacentica! products 
which might protect 

with ILL These might hdp 
other conditions that coaid be 
ransed by ILl, indmlisg 
heart-valve «famaga ^ some 
eye, disorders. 



Political fallout from Chernobyl disaster spreads across Europe 

Poland calls EEC ban 

trick that 
debt effort 

Poland has hit out at the 
EEC ban on imports of fresh 
rood 'from Eastern Europe, 
declaring it to be a politically - 
and commercially motivated 
attack on the Soviet bloc. The 
restrictions could hinder ef- 
forts to meet payments on 
Poland's large foreign debt, 
the Government warned; 

Mr Jerzy Urban, the gov- 
ernment spokesman, said at . 
the weekend that no Polish 
food products were coniami- 

Fram Roger Boy es, .Warsaw 

nated by radioactivity “to a 
degree which would be haz- 
ardous to health ", except for 
- fresh milk, which was. not 

.Mr Urban said Poland re- 
garded the restrictions as "a 
discriminatory . . . expansion 
of political restrictions" and 
“a dishonest trick of 
competition*' to edge Polish 
foodstuffs out of Western 
markets. He said Poland 
earned about Si billion (£645 

Friesian herd from 
Britain for Russia 

By John Young, Agriculture Correspondent 

A consignment <rf 250 Frie- 
sian bulls and 200 pregnant 
cows is beii$ assembled from 
British funis to r shipment to 
.the Soviet Union within the 
next few days. 

It was emphasized yester- 
day that the deal was the 
result of negotiations which 

Company of Royston, Hert- 
fordshire. Mr John Silver, a 
cattle breeder who forms near 
Enfield, and one of whose bnfls 
is hi the consignment, said 
yesterday that be bad had 
several visits from Russian 
delegations hi the past 18 

unconnected with the 
Chernobyl disaster. 

But the accident is expected 
to lead to new Russian orders 
for pedigree cattle from Brit- 
ain and other West European 
countries to replace livestock 
killed or poisoned by tbefoD- 


The shipment is being orga- 
nized by the British livestock 

“I can't say what effect 
CheroObyl is likely to have, 
became we don't know the foil 
story," he said. “Bat I do know 
that breeders are looking at all 
sorts of other markets, indod- 
iug China and Taiwan. 

“Daily quotas in this coun- 
try have dealt ns all a blow, 
and we could certainly do whh 1 
more sales.” 

million) a year from food 
exports, and any drop in bard 
currency earnings could cause 
difficulties in repaying the SSI 
billion debt to the West 

“The creditor countries 
should see to oar solvency 
through normalization of 
trade and financial relations 
with Poland," he said. 

“We voice regret that the 
European Community conn- 
tries, breaking with human 
solidarity, batten on a com- 
mon, all-European grief, 
namely the contamination of 
the atmosphere and soil, and 
use this pretext to Homag e 
Polan^and her interests." 

' Poland said it has been 
conducting rigorous inspec- 
tions of food exports at cus- 
tom control points since May. 

• BUDAPEST: The official 
news agency said yesterday 
that the EEC ban was motivat- 
ed at least in part by protec- 
tionism (AP reports). 

Government has directed in- 
spectors in ports and airports 
throughout the country to 
monitor food imported from 
11 countries that may have 
been contaminated by radio- 
active material (Christopher 
Thomas writes). 

They are Austria, Czecho- 
slovakia. Denmark, East Ger- 
many, Finland, Hungary, 
Norway, Poland. Sweden. Ja- 
pan and the Soviet Union. 

Ukrainian children in Britain, clutching flowers symbolizing young “victims of Chernobyl** in their homeland, gather at 
Hyde Park yesterday for a protest inarch to the Soviet Embassy in London. (Photograph: Suresh Karadia. ) 

Germans in atom power protest 

From Our Corresponded 
.. Bonn 

Thousands of West Ger- 
mans protested against nucle- 
ar power at the weekend as 
panic buying of canned and 
frozen foods continual. 

In Munich on Saturday 
1 5.000 demonstrators brought 
traffic to a standstill for an 
hour. There were demonstra- 
tions in Dusseldorfand Hesse, 
and about 100 Westphalian 
fanners blocked roads to a 
reactor at Hanun-Uemrop 
with tractors. . 

At Slade, near Hamburg, 
members of “Robin Wood", 
an enidro i^CTtar^^^ iQn 

up a 600ft power mast near a 
nuclear station for the third 
day yesterday. They said they 
would stay there until the 
plant was shut down. . 

In Lower Saxony about 
6,000 people protested against 
a planned nuclear waste dump 
at Gorleben. Some set up 
road-blocks and lit fires. Po- 
lice used tear gas and “pepper 
fog" to disperse them. 

• ROME: The anti-nuclear 
march of 100.000 people 
through Rome on Saturday 
can thank the Chernobyl di- 
saster for having provided the 
first confirmation of the . 
ecologists’ impressive influ- 
ence in Italy (Peter Nichols 

Two leaders of the march. 
Signor Fulco Pratesi, chair- 
man of. the Italian branch of 
die World Wildlife Fund, and 
Signor Chicco Testa, head of 
the. Environment !*» &**. 
placed a wreath at the Soviet 
Embassy with the message: 
“For the present and fixture 
victims of Chernobyl." 

Political parties abandoned 
the demonstration, with the 
exception of the Radicals and 
the extreme left 

About 80 per cent of those 
questioned in a weekend poll 
said they wanted no more 
nuclear power stations in Ita- 
ly. Three are in operation. 

to Berlin 

Bonn — The East German 
peace movement protested 
about its country's unsatisfac- 
tory environmental protection 
measures on April 2, four 
weeks before the Chernobyl 
accident, it was disclosed at 
the weekend (Our Correspon- 
dent writes). 

West German press reports 
said the movement had sent a 
10- page paper to Herr Erich 
Honecket, the East German 
leader, and the official East 
German Communist Party 
newspaper, Neues Deutsch- 
land, calling for a “construct- 
ive dialogue" between the 
government and citizens. 

The movement complained 
that East Germany held the 
top position in Europe for air' 
and water pollution and de- 
struction of the earth. 

China admits nuclear deaths 

In the wake of foe 
Chernobyl disaster, a senior 
Chinese military official has 
admitted that some deaths 
had occurred over foe years in 
the build-up of China's atomic 
weapons arsenal. 

“Facts are facts," said Mr 
Qian Xuesen, consultant for 
the national defence commit- 
tee of foe scientific and tech- 
nological industry. “A few 
deaths have occurred, but 
generally China has paid great 
attention to possible acci- 
dents. No large disasters have 

Students from China's far- 
western Xinjiang Uighur au- 
tonomous region 

demonstrated in Peking last 
December against nuclear 
tests that have been carried 
out in the Lop Nor area of 
Xinjiang. They claimed that 
foe tests had spread radiation 
sickness and death among a 

From a Correspondent, Peking 

relatively large percentage of 
foe population. 

Mr Qian made his remarks 
at a news conference for 
foreign journalists in Peking. 
Only rarely do China's mili- 

Plant for Libya 

The Soviet Union wants to 
help Libya to build a nuclear 
power plant “which will help 
the Libyan people economize 
in foe production of oil", Mr 
Oleg Peresypkin. foe Soviet 
ambassador in Tripoli, said in 
a Libyan television interview 
monitored by foe BBC (Reu- 
ter reports). 

tary officials speak to Western 
reporters in a public forum. 

China successfully detonat- 
ed its first nuclear device in 
1964. but is just now embark- 
ing on its civilian nuclear 
programme. The country is 

building two nuclear power 
plants, one at Daya Bay near 
Hong Kong, with British and 
French assistance, the other, 
called Qinshan, near Shang- 
hai, China's most populous 

Mr Qian did not refer 
directly to Chernobyl or to the 
recent destruction of foe US 
space shuttle Challenger. 

But he made it dear that he 
supported the spirit behind 
technological innovation. 
“First we moved from foe 
land to the sea and the air.” he 
said. “Now we are moving 
from aviation to space. This 
process ts unavoidable — we 
will always be going forward." 

The military chief of staff. 
General Yang Dezhi. is cur- 
rently visiting the US to 
discuss, among other topics, 
the possible sale of £550 
million worth of avionics 
equipment to China. 

Students ' I 
protest in 
support of 

Islamabad (Reuter) — At 
least eight protests, most of jutt 
them student demonstrations and 

broken up by secret police. pat. 
have been held in Kabul in of 

support of the former Afghan r- 
Communist Party leader, Mr e (,Oe 
Babrak Karmal. Western dip- is 1Bnj 
lomats said yesterday. d 

They quoted eyewitness re- xt 
ports from foe Afghanistan ie &le 
capital describing foe latest ts 
protest last Tuesday, when Is . 
secret police beat up and ace ^ 
hauled away two busloads of e- 
schoolgiris chanting “Death 0- . . 

to Najibullab. We want U- 
KarroaL Out with foe Soviets, -rs 
We want an Islamic al 
Government." by 

On the same day. school- ed 
boys were beaten up when 
they protested against' 'foe at 
former secret police chief, 'Mr Ui 
Najib. who replaced Mr ho 
Karmal at a tense three-day — 
Central Committee plenum >ur 
guarded by Soviet tanks last re- 
weekend, the diplomats said. - is 
They said foe pro-Karmal re, 
protests began on April 30 at tit- 
the university and picked up of ^ *.< 
on May 2. Kabul seemed 
calmer later in foe week. But' of 
Afghan troops were still billet- for 
ed in the exclusive high school 1m 
which Mr Karmal attended, ent 
and foe nearby road leading to 
foe Central Committee bund- Jea 
ing was blocked until last las 
Thursday. ing 

Soviet troops threw a tight F a 
cordon around foe building on the 
May 2. blocked off the Af- hat 
ghanistan army's barracks and sed 
trained lank cannon on foe 
city from foe surrounding hills 
during foe foree-day session IS 
attended by Moscow's Am- 

Magistrate is ^ 
shot dead ’S 
in Sri Lanka am ‘ 

Colombo— The acting mag- *test 
istrale of Trincomalee in Sri ; of- 
Lanka’s Eastern Province, Mr in a 
S- Renganathan. was killed by ards 
unknown assailants on Friday eL 
when he was returning there , 
from Kamalai (Vijitha Yapa * 

Mr Renganathan. aged 62, a 
Tamil was dragged from a ^ 
vehicle and shot. - lSia 

Meanwhile. Dr Paul Back yeai 
and Mr Derek Knight, the two fjy, 
British experts, who invesii- 
ued foe breach of foe l0t 
antalai Dam in late April ourt 
which killed 68 people and . ^ 
made thousands homeless. ^ 
have ruled out sabotage. - fo 

<r*-' * 


Finding information in some 
business directories, can be like 
finding a needle in a haystack. 

Business Pages however, has 
been carefully designed to solve . 
business problems* not create 

For example^ when you know 
the name of a company, but not 
the address and telephonenum- 
ber, you'll findthe information 
under alphabetical listings. 

And Business F^ges has more 

Business Pages. 

heavy going. 

.. . 

1 ' 

. ‘.. . . - 

— -••• 



— rr.. .’--r 

' • — „ . — ni — •• 

...jaW'S' — 

listings than most of its larger 

There's also an identical in- 
dex front and back. 

So whichever end of the 
book you start, you'll find 
what you're looking for. And 
to save you time; we've design- 
ed a useful 14 sector format. 
(Under'Building and Con- 
struction' for example, you'll 
find everything from drain- 
age pipes, to chimneys.) 

Business Pages is published in 
seven convenient geographi- 
cal editions. Each relates to one 
of the major industrial/com- 
mercial centres in Britain. 

If you're based in one 
of these areas* every year we'H 
Send you your first local copy 
free (unlike most of our com- 
petitors). So why use a Business 
directory that's heavy going, 
when you can use one that 
really pulls its weight? 

AtmAvr. A KiMb 

ChMwl>. Kwk-.OS A. Oat 
Mr*. «*J 


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hpet. ftuai. (VU*v*<S FMsaef 

twww Wwkv* A Imtrio 
T..J V, 

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The DinM&ryfarBtuinciS 


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n-jari-KiVKtAftj * 

MJ’tW.nCM LAtrstS 

TOc-rru w l R>rftirtlwinfonT»atfanpteaseeDntBciWi(riamSon^ British TyecomBusineaF&geSkQueen^VteJlc, Reading R6l7PrTfel: Reading <0734)506203- 


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s col- 



— Mr 
i busi- 
txi in 
'jo the 
bed of 









- Res- 
et says 
l from 



The fight against terrorism 

Ex-intelligence chief 
accuses Italy of 
protecting Gadaffi 


ab'’A* i! m j/ flHE§§5$f& .'I 


Italian governments have 
.'protected Colonel Gadaffi 
against his enemies and pro- 
vided him with arms, accord- 
> ing to Genera] Ambrogio 
Viviani, former head of the 
Military Counter-Intelligence 

~ They had also secretly re- 
turned terrorists to Libya in 
"the hope of remaining free of 
terrorist attacks. 

- General Viviani, aged 57, 
directed the military secret 

-Service from 1970 to 1974. He 
r says in an interview to be 

- published by the news maga- 

■ zine Panorama today that he 
was under instructions to 

. place the highest priority on 

■ protecting Italy's economic 
interests in Libya, particularly 
oQ interests. 

From Peter Nichols, Rome 

The reliability of the general 
is undermined by the fra that 
bis name was found among 
those in the Lists of the banned 
Masonic lodge “Propaganda 
2”. which ls regarded as 
having had subversive aims. 
But he is supposed to have 
been highly regarded in Nalo 


He says: “We helped the 
Libyan leader to defeat ene- 
mies of his regime. We sup- 
plied him with arms, organ- 
ized his intelligence service 
and gave him advisers to deal 
with the modernization of his 
armed forces." 

He says that an attempt to 
overthrow Colonel Gadani in 
1970 failed because the I talian 
secret service informal the 
Colonel in advance of the 

Madrid protests to 
Libya on envoys 

projected landing of enemy 
Libyan forces. “Gadaffi's 
troops were waiting for the 
conspirators and all of them 
were taken.” 

Five Libyans who attempt- 
ed to shoot down an El AI 
aircraft with a ground-to-air 
missile near Rome airport 
were arrested and then sent 
back to Libya in an aircraft 
which blew up a few days later 
above Venice, 

Its destruction was the work 
of the Israeli Secret Service 
and intended as a warning to 
the Italians, according to the 

The irony is that the Prime 
Minister at the time was Aldo 
Mono, who was killed by 
Italian terrorists. 

■ | i n i i|i m i 1 | 1 IM 11 i| 1 1 Hi | I, 

•v./. dggy. \vf- iX < L r ^ ( tTWm 

A poCoanau and soldier searching a pedestrian in Atexandra doing the secnrity operation to curb unrestJn the township. 

Seven more die in black townships 

From Michael Hornsby 

From Harr)*DebeIias, Madrid 
The Spanish Ambassador in ]0 suspected members of the 
rrpoli has been instructed to gang had been arrested. Police 
esent a note to the Libyan said a Portuguese and a 

Tripoli has been instructed to 
- present a note to the Libyan 
Government protesting that 
Libyan diplomats have been 
involved with extremists in 
Spain, the Prime Minister's 
office confirmed here yes- 

A spokesman said on na- 
tional radio that the protest 
would not refer specifically to 
alleged Libyan financing of an 
international right-wing ter- 
rorist gang. The Government 
would await judicial evaluation 
of evidence in that case before 
taking farther diplomatic 

The Interior Ministry said 

said a Portuguese and a 
Spaniard were the first to be 
arrested as they were allegedly 
about to place a bomb at the 
Bank of America office in 
Madrid on May 2. 

Police accused the same two 
men of planting a bomb which 
blew up an Air France office in 
Lisbon last month. 

The Interior Alinistry al- 
leged that the two men gave 
evidence indicating that they 
were promised 570,000, to be 
paid by a Libyan Embassy 
staff member in Madrid, for 
the two attacks. 

Peres sees 
as answer 

Jerusalem — Israel will do 
all that is necessary to put a 
stop to Syria's involvement in 
international terrorism, Mr 
Shimon Peres, the Prime Min- 
■ ister. told the Cabinet yester- 
day (Tan Murray writes). At 
the same time, he insis ted that 
Israel would do everything it 
could to avoid a war. 

.Mr Peres suggested that 
diplomatic ana economic* 
measures could be used 
against terrorism. Economic ; 
sanctions against Syria would 
be particularly effective, it is 
thought here, because it is 
fating an economic crisis 
which is already endangering 
the rule of President Assad. 

At least seven people died 
over the weekend in contin ting 
Bares t in South Africa's black 
townships, as large numbers of 
troops and pofice sealed off the 
Alexandra ghetto, nortit-easf- 
ern Johannesburg, con- 
ducted house-to-house 

The number of people ItiBed 
in the unrest that has raged 
unaba t ed in black areas since 
September 1984 reached 1,559 
(almost all of them blacks) at 
the mid of last month, accord- 
ing to the South African 
Institute of Race Relations, an 
independent body that keeps a 
tally based on newspaper and 
ponce reports. 

Of the deaths, 531 wore 
! recorded in the first four 
months of this year, an aver- 
age of more than 130 a month, 
and a much higher incidence 
than in 1985. 

On Saturday, the mayor of a 
Mack township outside Port 

Alfred, in tire Eastern Cape, 
shot and kilted one of a group 
of men who allegedly invaded 
his home and stabbed him 
three times. The charred body 
of another man was lata found 
elsewhere in the township. 

Th e body of another person 
burnt to death was found in a 
Made area near Port Kfea . 

Call for fall rights 

Vienna — The Nobel Peace 
Prize winner. Bishop Des- 
mond Tutu, arriving in Aus- 
tria to address conferences on 
apartheid and press freedom 
in South Africa, said the anti- 
apartheid movement was de- 
manding full rights for black 

beth, according to the police. 
Yesterday a black bus driver 
was burnt to death in his 
vehicle by a mob in Gognletu, 
near Cape Town. 

At least three blacks were 
shot dead by administration 
officials in Soweto, outside 

Johannesburg, when a mob of 
youths allegedly stoned their 

Early on Saturday, 1,600 
police and soldiers in troop 
carriers moved into Alexan- 
dra, a shanty town of 190,000 
inhabitants which is unusual 
in being surrounded by well- 
to-do white snburbs. Other 
black suburbs were caned and 
re-developed for while occupa- 
tion 20 years ago. 

Thar former Mack resi- 
dents were moved elsewhere, 
many to Soweto. Alexandra 
was threatened with a s imilar 
fete for years, but was 

Serious riots broke out there 
last February, and the place 
has simmered ever since. 

A police spokesman said at 
the weekend that the operation 
in Alexandre, which was 
aimed at stamping oat 
“lawlessness**, would 
until further notice. 

By midday yesterday, 18 
people were reported by the 
police to have been arrested. 

Soldiers also distributed 
pamphlets appealing for infor- 
mation about political activ- 
ists. “Are you tired of being 
harassed? Polke need infor- 
mation on those preventing 
you from going to work, pre- 
venting your children from 
going lo school - Vox cu 
supply information anoev- 
monsh by phoning 838-71 1L. 
Your information wifi be kept j 
confidential” J 

A caller to the number hems 
a voice saying, first in Afri- 
kaans and then English: “This 
is the automatic answering 
service of the security branch. 
Please leave your messag e or 
information when you bear the 

The fife of a pofice infoimc r 
has become much mare haz- 
ardous ova the past year, 
daring which many l*»At 
suspected of being police 
agents have bees killed fey the 
gruesome method known as 
the “necklace” — a petrel- 
filled tyre placed ro und the 
victim's neck and setafight 

US base 

Madrid .(ResterT- Thou- 
sands of demonstrators 
mar c h ed to an air base used by 

American forces near here to 
■ csU for Spam's withdrawal 
from Nazo and an end -to the 
US nu finay presence in the 
country. - . 

- The march cut the only road 

between the city and Madrid’s 
Banyas airport and disrated 
Sights. About 12,000 US 
fe oopfr a re stationed at the 
.Tomgdxt base, two other air 
bases-and a naval station in 

Record trek 

Resolute Bay, Canada 
AFP) — Dr . Jean-Lout! 
Etienne, aged 39, a French- 
man from Toulouse, yester- 
day became the first person to 
reach the North Pofe alone ou 
foot and without a dog sledge, 
after a 63-day trek across the 

Acas called 

Gibraltar — Acas. the Advi- 
sory. Conciliation and Arbi- 
tration Service, was called in 
yesterday in an attempt to 
; break the deadlock between 
Gibraltar's shipyard, 
Gibtepait; and the dock 
wuricera* union. 

Ships collide 

Toky o (AP) - A South 
Korean' container ship sank 
after colliding with a Japanese 
ore carrier . in fog off south- 
western Japan, but all 18 
Korean crewmen were 

bring police TOWtl fOUlld 
akfikdhytbe Uncmi» ro <* 

If you give us 

this muck , 

Thai King Berlin aide 
heals an leaves for 
old wound the West 




V* 1 - 

.well give you 

this much. 

From Nefi KeQy 

King Bhumibol of Thailand 
paid tribute yesterday to a 
'man who was accused almost 
40 years ago of comp&rity in 
the murder of the ruling 
monarch. King Ananda, the 
present King's elder brother. 

King Bhumibol presented 
robes to Buddhist monks par- 
ticipating in funeral riles for 
the former statesman, Pridi 
Phanomyong, who died in 
exile in Paris three years ago. 

As they joined in the funeral 
ceremony, some of his old 
associates said the King's 
gesture was a great honour for 
Mr Pridi and was probably 
also an appeal for the healing 
of old wounds. 

Mr Pridi is honoured by 
many Thais as the founding 
father of democracy in their 
country and as the leader of 
the anti-Japanese resistance 
during the Second World War. 

East Berlin (Renter) — A 
former top adviser to Herr 
Willi Stoph, the East Ge rman 
Prime Minister, emigrated to 
the Wert yesterday- after years 
of disillusionment over the 
country's economic and polit- 
ical system. 

Professor '• Hermann von 
Ber& aged S3, m the mid- 
1970s an economic aide to 
Herr Stoph and a specialist in 
East-West economic co-opera- 
tion, said he had been given 
final permission to leave East 
Germany in March. 

Hiscase was one of the most 
! sensitive and senior in a string 
of emigrations among Quali- 
fied professional people. 

Professor von Berg said he 
had arrived in Cologne, West 
Germany, by tram early yes- 
terday morning. 

He applied to leave in 
August 1985, after many, 
dashes with colleagues. 

He leaves his wife and two 
sons behind in East Germany. 

Moscow (Renter) - Soviet 
archaeologists have found a 
previously unknown ancient 
Russian, town called Medved 
(Bear), Tass reported. The 
town, in the Kalinin region 
north of here, was built by a 
Finno-Ugric tribe called the 
Merya in the 11th century bat 
was never mentioned in 

Skipper held 

Ajaccio (AFP) - The owner 
and skipper of a pleasure boat 
which hit rocks and sank off 
southern Corsica on Friday, 
faffing eight Bench pension- 
ers and seriously injuring 
seven other people, has been 
charged with manslaughter, 
legafsoun^hgre said. 

Back to sea 

San ETancKccr (Reuter) - 
Tire Second World War US 
battiedrip Missouri, on wffich 
Japanese officers s ur ren de red 
io 1945, returned 7 to service 
after a $475 miliion refit It 
has been armed with missiles 
capable of carrying nuclear 

Dry rations 

Lagos (AFP) — Villagers in 
Nigeria's southern state of 
Beane recently rounded up 
and whipped 27 rainmakers 
whom they blamed for. the 
region's lade of rainfall 

After 600 years of friendship 

Soares seeks still closer ties 

From Richard Wigg and Martha de la Cal Lisboa 

PortB “ Soares steered PortuMTs ne- 
gal armed in London Tester- entiatiniK wfth rt» Ftr « A « 

to attend ceremonies com- 
memorating the 600-year-old 
affiance between his co untry 
and Britain. 

He believes that joining the 
EEC means that Portugal 
mast intensify bilateral ties 
with Britain, not slacken them. 

Dr Soares, the former So- 
cialist Prime Minister, will be 
celebrating today with the 
Queen at Windsor the 600th 
anniversary of the signing of 

He said: “We most develop 
this congruence of interests in 
the Common Market, just as 
in Nato, where we s&are the 
same region of the North 

The two countries were im- 
portant trading partners for 
each other, he said. Last year 
Britain was Portugal's princi- 
pal overseas market, with 
exports worth £696 millioti. 

the Treaty of Windsor, the *5P* tfan ^ . most important sup- 
conwrstone of the relationship ™ imports totalling 

between Britain and its “oldest TTv 1 m * Uion ’ 20 increase in 
aDy”. trade over 1984 of some £50 

Some people think that you have to 
invest a huge amount of money in 
: > - __ order to earn a top rate of interest 

.. - „ That isn t true at the Woolwich. 

• If you've got &500, you’ve got enough to invest in our highest 

gaming account - the Woolwich Capital Account 

a fJ ent rate is a substantial 8.52% net pa. But the story 
: 1 end there. If you leave the interest in to earn more interest 

> 5*SSS55S L a70, ‘ net " equivalem to “ s' 085 

esceS^t^ * ru!y exce P*! on ? 1 fiacres for a no risk investment, 

: “Peoaty^en you consider how uncomplicated we make it 

hut ^ ^ months ' but you can take it 

are stapte®" 3dd to your account when you like. And withdrawals 

last d^ ^ ' W 90 days ’ fi 1 ® 1 in'erest is paid right up to the 

you can'h^l ,? gfj l ]?5 d ’ you v J ant instant access to your money, 

" your 

^ days by And larger sums just tal 

^sy Rnt it?MowaB you have to do is call in at your local 

Woolwich branch, or fillm the coupon and send it to: Woolwich 
Equitable Building Society, Investment Department, FREEPOST, 
Bexteyheath, Kent DA7 6BP. • • * 

i — - The Woolwich Capital Account. — i 

| 8J>2% net 8.70% net CAR = 12^6% Gross I 

■ Equivalent for taspayers at ba^c rate of 29%. a 

- I/Weenttose a cheque for — • to be invested in a Woolwich J 

I Capital Account With interest added half yearly □ OR paid as Monthly I 
{ Income O f/We understand the rates may vary. Please send me information I 
I on the Woolwich Capital Account □ *Mm it500. ® 

I to stamp required ThJtbooc if revised. Woohrich Investor lYeslNol [ 

I Namefs) ■ I 

j Address J 

[ffiScode -SJJJ ! 

I Signaturets') \ A / f/as | 



JHe is rnaldi^ his first 
offidal visit abroad since be- 
coming President nfao weeks 

He and Senbor Caraco S3- 
va wifi also have talks with 
Mrs Thatcher after the cere- 
monies in St George's Chapel 
and lunch at Windsor Castle. 

“We want to go on intensify- 
ing our relations,’’ President 

miliion each way. 

Recalling the Queen's visit 
to Lisbon and Op otto last 
year. Dr Soares said: “The 
links of affection are still as 
afire as ever they were between 
Portugal and England.** 

Hfa country had kept a 
privileged relationship with 
Britain even though after the 
Second World War Portugal 

Election threat in Portugal 

is srsssrssrisi 

is threatened to call new 


nas threatened to call new m« 29 i^ 
elections if he foils to get his and ^ 

proposed legislation on la- legirta^n^ctS S 
hour, agrarian reform, internal bythe ^ 

security and state news media SoaaIiJ? , ^ , ^£ ai1ies ~ the 

through Padiament (Martim nS^'p^.^ mOCr T ic 
de la Cal writes). cSmmun^^ and tb * 

Swures told Tke Tones. “With fad j 

tins celebration of the Treaty- S?S^T^ peaaI rela * 

we want to midmline ^ Wltl, , th ® US * 

within the framework of . the , ,, efements of 

EEC, the bfialeral refotions jommg the EEC 

between Portugal and Britain ® wloed by the other 

.wiMigiu AIM VIIUUU , — • — Utuer 

keep for ns all their actuality *** close contacts 

and significance and all their T- - ^Pringuese-rt teakin g 
interest in the political, ecu- 7??" coloaies in southern 

nonric ami tnKnral fuldc Auica, 

nomic and cultural fields. 

■ >*There will, I think, be a 
co n ve r ge n ce of interests be- 

Ibiito better off wiQi 

- PresMeiat Soares, who 
as Foreign Minister pfeyed - 
f^” Ie ® **» decolwiiS^ 

i President Soares: Will ede- 
I orate with the Queen. 
rirv3 war** in all southern 

Africa so fang as Pretoria foils 

to reform the apartheid 

London wifi he — 
an early example of Ptetefl 
own experiment in -political 
“cohabitatfon",with President 
and Senhor Caraco 
a “ ra ' political rivals in the 
Past- at the ceremonies. 

w Soares saw his ride as 

first cfrffian lW- 

«at for 60 years as rasuring 
enjoys the sta- 
Be**** for economic 
tofag w, e™. 

ntl f e bas prmiised “loyal eo- 
JPerafion*' with the Prime 
Minister, who heads a social 

rigbt-of- centre 
niswjiity Government. 

Soares, mtiddy 
^eenied that he would, imfike 
predecessor. General 
only work out of the 

Presidential p?i<h^ . 

aU soils of 
in the arts who 
and it is 

fc-'iHf-' ’ .**■■ 

W ’ ? ■T-' 7 : l Ti : 
L r-/'- 

& . . - 

j W-- 


inside the Common Market” two. ^ not ‘ 

b,»id. MPrime Mbriste 

: .V-.-'fAi/ 

Q ^ 

-w- ImmZf :■ 


iMJ tohxIJSki 





1 - * k 


calls strike in 
protest against 
poll ‘robbery’ 

Sumo giants stun Princess 


troubled constitoe^S where 
JEjjP* was suspended on 
: ft™ 00 da >' Iasi week will 
ha^J new polls, the Bangla- 

- 2? h JSf l - ,on Commission an- 
nounced, inn statement that is 
onngipg no pleasure to the 
opposition Awarai T pa gu e 

~ leader of the League. 
Sheikh Hasina Wazed, is del 
."landing new polls in ^ 
inSS 51 " 8 "umber ofconstiS 

: ****** a^as^eaS 

;SSE ,eadere remra * 

- fa y saying that “at 

- n 50 new elections would 
w necessary. At the weekend 

ra,sed ,he fi gure to 100, 
and now she is demanding 
new voting in 1 50 constituen- 
cies, and proposes to drive her 
demand home with a general 
strike on Wednesday. 

■ -.-Th' 5 will be the first time 
..that anyone can remember a 
jf ner ^ sinke during Rama- 
dan. tne.holy month of fasting. 

Sheikh Hasina.. the daughter 
p» the assassinated father of 
tne Bangladesh nation. Sheikh 
Mujibur Rahman, held her 
nrst mass protest meeting 
against the turbulent electioit 

robbery, at the weekend. 

About 25,000 men and 
three women packed into the 
street outside the 
Awami League offices close to 
the business centre of the 
capital. She was warmly re- 
ceived, and at the end of her 
speech the demonstrators 
mpypd off in a procession 
which ended in a dash with 
beavilyanned riot police. 

At the same time the second 
opposition organization, the 
Bangladesh Nationalist Party, 
also held a demonstration 
outside its Dhaka offices. - 

Its numbers were much 
smaller, but the crowd there 
deliberately Mocked a main 
road for half an hour, white 
police pickets looked on. 

The Government yesterday 
released Begum Khaleda Zia, 
the leader of the BNP, from 
house arrest where she had 
been held for a week. 

The official state of the 
parties yesterday was as fol- 
lows; the Jatiyo party, 106 
seats, the Awami League, 62: 
other members of the alliance, 
led by the Awami League. 18; 
independents, 24; other minor 
parties. 14. 

? Curfew In 
after clash 

From Hasan Akhiar 

„• An indefinite curfew was 
imposed on Organi. an impor- 
tant Karachi township, at 
midnight on Saturday, after 
f»o days of clashes between 
residents and police . 

The same township had 
been under curfew for a week 
last mouth . 

The situation had been 
tense for several few da vs. 


From Oar Correspondent 

Islama bad -- - 

Miss Benazir Bhutto, the 
daughter of the executed 
Prime Minister, Mr 7nifiirw 
Ali Bhutto, and leader iff the 
opposition Pakistan People's 
Party* said yesterday that if 
the Goverment arrested her it 
would be another establish- 
ment blunder. 

Miss Bhutto, aged 32, com- 
pleted at the weekend a 

Iew “.vs, P*™ at the weekend a 
? '"^f'^AhmarfSbahk month-long whirlwind tour 
of _ Pakistan's Na- across the country, campaign- 
Jonai Assembly, went on in- ing for the removal of Presi- 
dennite hunger strike against dem Zia and fresh elections, 
the Government s failure to She returned lo Pakistan on 
^ April JO after more than two 
Tl*™ s * raBded “ years - seULex,Ie spent in 

From David Watts 

The Princess of Wales was 
granted her wish to see tradi- 
tional Japanese sumo wres- 
tling yesterday. 

Sot when she came face to 
face wifl two of the mountain- 
ous men after their rw itfyt she 
Wished at the sight of their 
30.8 and 36.7 stone frames. 

They had covered their brief 
pants, but ft was some inmates 
before the Princess could ask 
questions Of Onoknni, a high- 
ranking wrestler who had just 

won Ms boot before a crowd of 
10,000, while the royal couple 
watched from the box used by 
the Japanese imperial fanifiyn 
She told Onoknni and 
Konisluki, the American Sa- 
moan-born wrestler who is oik 
of two foreigners at the top in 
sumo, that the wrestling had 
“made the trip" for her and 
the Prince of Wales. 

The two grapplers were 
equally impressed with the 
Princess; “She’s beautiful," 
KonishOd said. "Bat if she 
were my wife I*d want her to 
pnt on some more weight" 

■ He said that at first he was 
more nervous than before a 
bout “I thought Td be holding 
back, bet it was okay;" 

Outside- the stadium thou- 
sands were wafting to see the 
ample, the first chance ordi- 
nary people had had to see the 

“superstar Princess", as the 
Japanese media have been 
calling her. 

More than 100400 lined the 
rente of their motorcade 
through the city at lunchtime. 

In scenes of near hysteria, ■ 
young women and schoolgirls 
were screaming and squ ealing 
with ieiight as she came into 
pghL They ran through the 
Inies of surprised police, who 
abandoned the attempt to stop 
them from frying to nm aiong- 
ride the fast-moving open car 
m whkh she rode with the 

She looked relaxed much of 
yesterday, hot there were still 
s%ns ®f the tiredness which 
has plagued her since she 
arrived in Japan. 

The royal Sc. 

with Prince Charles reading 
the lesson at St Alban's 
church. Prayers were said for 





9 »-' 

lure rival’s 
top aides 

From Martha Honey 
San Jose 

of protecting 
Teamster boss 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 

He Prewor .f h,.r. ■„ . 

Ss *«» -*■»«» inu. a« 

Then the couple, who had 
sampled a British- made flight 

exhibition of more traditional 
Bnhsh exports at a depart- 
ment store. There were choco- 
lates, whisky, tweeds, homing 
jT'* 8 ™ 1 * f 130.000 n^Tl 
bl i ^Rol/sr-Royce on show. 

The Princess wore a navy 
and cream blazer-style coat 
wth navy skirt and a whitehat 
by Chelsea Design Centre for 

Prince. Occasionally they 
stopped to admire the British 
products. Asked if he wonld 
like to bay something. Prince 
Charles joked that he could 
noU because English law for- 
bade Sunday shopping. 

Japan's best-known chBd- 
ren's . choir gave exquisite 
renderings of “God bless the 
Prince of Wales". “Green 
grow the rnshes-o" 'and a’ 
Japanese lnDaby. 

Six or the seven field com- 
manders in Sertor Eden 
Pastora's anti-Sandinisia 
Democratic Revolutionary 
Alliance (Arde) have defected 
to a nval Contra organization. 

Contra, sources said the 
move was made official at a 
signing ceremony on Friday 
attended by Sehor Pastora's 
commanders and Seiior Fer- 
rando “H Negro" Chamorro, 
chief .of a small group aligned 
with the Nicaraguan Demo- 
cratic Force (FDN), ihe larg- 
est, LiS-backed, Contra group, 
based in Honduras. 

As a result, most of Seiior 
Pastora’s estimated 3.000 
guerrillas are expected to ac- 
cept Senior Chamorro as their 
commander, thereby opening 
a new FDN from in southern 

The agreement came after 
secret talks between the com- 
manders and FDN and CIA 

Ironically, the signing cere- 
mony. in a house in a San Jose 
suburb, came on the first day 
in office of Costa Rica's new 
President. Dr Oscar Arias, 
who has vowed to stop 
Contras from operating here. 

Sehor Karol Prado, a 
spokesman for Sehor Pastora, 
said the rebel leader was inside 
Nicaragua with about 300 
toyal troops. He said Sehor 
Pastora understood that his 
commanders were lured into 
the new alliance with prom- 
ises of sufficient supplies, bin 
he condemned “the manipula- 
tions of the CIA" which led to 
the desertions. 

Sehor Pastora has been at 
odds with the US. and has not 
received supplies from it be- 
cause of his refusal to unite 
with die FDN. US aid was 
stopped two years ago after an 
assassination attempt against 
Sehor Pastora which, evidence 
indicates, was engineered bv 
the CIA and the FDN 

Mr Jackie Presser. bead of 
the scandal-ridden Teamsters 
Union, may be indicted soon 
on corruption charges. The 
case raises broader questions 
about a possible attempt by 
the Federal Bureau of Investi- 
gation to protect him from 

The investigation of Mr 
Presser was reopened earlier 
this year, after it had mysteri- 
ously been dropped by the FBI 
last year. 

The FBr had spent 32 
months in exhaustive probing 
or his alleged links with orga- 
nized crime, and allegations 
mat he employed people who 
never did any work for the 

Mr Presser’s alleged crimes 
may have been approved by 
one arm of the FBI. as part of a 
broader investigation into or- 
pnized crime, without ihe 
^edge of other sections of 
the FBI, which were focusing 
on the Teamsters. 

Justice Department officials 
said the case was reopened 
because FBI agents might 

have committed penury to 
protect Mr Presser. Law en- 
forcement officials have de- 
scribed him as a valuable 
informer about oiganizcd 

A federal grand jury jn 
Cleveland could act against 
Mr Presser as early as this 
week, according to Justice 
Department officials. Another 
, grand jury in Washington- Has 
been trying to determine 
whether FBI agents lied about 
their dealings with Mr Presser. 

Senate investigators re- 
leased a report on Friday 
alleging that the FBI had 
hampered FBI investigators 
studying allegations that-, Mr 
Presser had authorized pay- 
ments of more than $700,000 
(£460,000) to union employ- 
ees who did no work. 

The Senate government 'a£ 
fairs investigations sub-com- 
mittee said the FBI may have 
repeatedly misled other gov- 
ernment investigators about 
their alleged use of Mr Presser 

as an informer. 

Louisiana jury clears 
Fast Eddy’s name 

— I the CIA and the FDN. 

Waldheim ‘unaware of deportations report’ 

f nna JAP) - An aide to document apnarentiv ini. ~ 

Vienna (AP) - An aide to 
Dr Kurt Waldheim said yes- 
terday that the former UN 
Secrerarv-General was un- 
aware of any documents link- 
ing him to Nazi deputations 
of Italians from Greece, as 
reported by a British- 

The Sunday Times said a 

document apparently ini 
nailed by Dr Waldheim re- 
corded his telephoned report 
to the German high command 
in Salonika, after Italy’s sur- 
rcnder in 1 943. that more than 
23.000. Italian troops were 
being loaded aboard trains for 
deportation. It said the docu- 
mem was, discovered among 

German Army records in the 
US National Archives. 

“The quoted document is 
not known . . . and that is why 
we cannot respond to details 
at present," Herr Ferdinand 
Trautmannsdorfer said - 
• TEL AVIV; President 
Herzog said yesterday that 
Israel should not interfere in 

the Austrian presidential elec- 
tions (AP reports). His note of 
caution followed bitter criti- 
cism by Israel's Foreign Min- i 
ister Mr Yitzhak Shamir, and | 
Mr Moshe Arens, the acting 
Foreign Minister, after the 

J°£ nd J? f * e e,ecii °ns. in 
which Dr Waldheim captured 
49.6 percent of the vote. 

New Orleans (AFP) - Ed- 
win Edwards, three-times 
Governor of Iimkiami and one 
of the most influential and 
colourful characters on the 
state political scene for the 
past 30 years, walked out of 
court a free man this weekend. 

Fast Eddy, as he is familiar- 
ly known, was acquitted on all 
the charges against him, tang- 
ing from fraud to racketeering 
and obstructing the course of 

The jury took 12 hours to 
reach its verdict acquitting 
.Mr Edwards, his brother Mar- 
ion and three associates, of 
.nsing .his. influence to get 
building contracts granted for 
hospitals and private clinics in 
which they had an interest 
Mr Edwards was accused of 
pocketing $2 million (£13 

Saturday’s verdict came at 
the end of a second trial 
lasting four weeks. The first 
tnal which lasted three 
months, ended last December 
with the jury Inclined towards 
acquittal but nnable to reach a 
majority verdict after a week of 

One juror said on Saturday 

that the prosecution did not 
present enough concrete evi- 

After the verdict, Mr Ed- 
wards, who is a Democrat, 
accused Mr John Volz, the 
prosecutor and a Republican 
appointee, of having turned 
the trial into a political plat- 
form to harass the state's 
Democratic Government 

Governor from 1971 to 1979 
and re-elected for a third term 
m 1983, the Cqjun King, as be 
is also known, has said that 
the only thing which conld 
cheat him of victory would be 
to be found in bed with a 
girl or a live boy. A poker 
player and womanizer, his 
supporters consider him the 
best tonic against boredom. 

Mr Edwards is the most 
popular politician in Louisiana 
since Huey Long, who was 

assassinated in 1935 as he was 
preparing to contest the presi- 
dency against Franklin D. 
Roosevelt He seems to enjoy 
the total indulgence of his 
electorate, even over alleged 
gambling debts of S2 million 
nm up at the casinos in 
Nevada, on which the two 
trials hinged. 
















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Every evening we 1^'kjvhon^'nf^exdusive 

and thenyou can fell asleep. Weily non-stop from Heathrow good mea1 ’ ? e . service other airlines talk about, 

— ■ ■ uen you re going to Singapore, you dont want to wake up in the Middle East 

i was 
■es in 


id the 
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i Em- 


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' - A 

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61, a 
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BX 14 LEADER £5675. 

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BX 16RS £6894 



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Pound for pound, nobody offers you more car than the 
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Feature for feature, nobody throws in more so-called 
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f*ITD^CM DV Top speed for top speed, 

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Is cash redistribution helping our health service? Nicholas Timmins begins a three-part series with a look at London 

Emergency case for the capital 







London's hos- 
pitals are in cri- 
sis. Early this 
year wo of ihe 
big leaching 
hospitals. Uni- 
versity College 
Hospital and 
the Middlesex, closed to all but 
emergency cases for a. month over 
Oiristmas. shut four wards for 
four months and cut operations by 
between 25 and 50 per cent to 
avert a cash ‘crisis. 

At Guy's Hospital nearly' 2UU 
beds are closed. Waiting-lists in 
general surgery and medicine hav e 
risen by about half in three years. 
Most weeks at Guy's and Lewi- 
sham hospitals, someone who has 
waited perhaps months often finds 
his admission cancelled on the day 
because there is nowhere to put 
him. On some wards, some days, 
beds have more than one patient. 
A recuperating patient is lurfed 
out for the day to allow another 
one in. so that wards are running 
at over 100 per cent occupancy, a 
process known as "hoi-bedding". 

The tale is told of the patient 
who asked a passing surgeon for a 
bed bottle. He was told he was tit 
enough to walk to the toilet. "No 
Tear", said the patient, “if I do that 
there'll be someone else in this bed 
b\ the lime I get back." 

' At St Thomas's, where £2.5 mil- 
lion has to be saved this year, cuts 
are being considered that would 
remove several hundred special- 
ized cases from the hospital's 
workload, cutting back on heart 
and plastic surgery operations, 
and reducing the number of 
cardiology patients. In addition 
the hospital would close to routine 
surgery in August, reducing ad- 
missions by 1.000 and increasing 
surgery waiting lists by 17 per 

To a Londoner the tale of the 
health service looks like cuts, 
more cuts and worse to come. The 
situation is in tact more complex. 
But the budgets of London's 
hospitals - and particularly its 
dozen teaching hospitals — are 
under growing pressure in many 
different ways: national realloca- 
tion. regional reallocation, priority 
services and pressure on Universi- 
ty Grams Com mi nee and Medical 
Research Council spending. 

Under the formula for redistrib- 
uting spending from the relatively 
rich parts of the NHS to the poorer 
areas. London's hospitals (togeth- 
er with other districts in (he four 
Thames regions. .which cover. the 

capital and the home counties), 
are losings 

The London hospitals are in 
turn also losing money to the less 
well-served parts of the south east, 
and spending on their acute 
services is also having to be cut to 
develop local services for the 
menially ill. the menially handi- 
capped and the elderly — an area 
where London's performance has 
long been poor. 

In addition the teaching hospi- 
tals have already had to face 
University Grants Committee re- 
ductions which have removed the 
posts of lecturers who do much 
NHS service work besides teach- 
ing and research. Cuts of at least 2 
per cent last year are to be 
followed by similar reductions this 
year and next, and money for 
research from the Medical Re- 
search Council has never been 
tighter. The University of London 
is warning bluntly that “the 
viability of the teaching institu- 
tions is being threatened". 

The Government is 
aware of the 
growing inequality 

The changes go back to 1976. 
Before that health service money 
was doled out on a basis that can 
be broadly characterized as “to 
those that have, more shall be 
given". From the foundation of 
the NHS in I°4S until 1976 the 
already large gap in health service 
spending per head of population 
between" London and its environs 
and the rest of the country grew. 
London's population was and is 
falling. But decisions were taken 
that in retrospect can be seen as 
key mistakes which now contrib- 
ute to the capital's problems. 
Instead of mov ing the all-powerful 
teaching hospitals like Charing 
Cross, the Royal Free and St 
George's to Southampton. Read- 
ing. Hull or almost anywhere but 
London, they were shifted just a 
few miles down the road, and 
rebuilt at vast expense. 

Aware of the growing inequal- 
ities in health provision, the 
Labour government set up the 
Resource Allocation Working Par- 
ty. The formula it devised — based 
broadly on population, weighted 
for age and sex. and using stan- 
dard death rates; as a crude 
measure of health service need 

Preventive measures: as waiting lists rise, beds all over London are kept empty to save money 

^ London can no longer be allowed to stand still 
while the rest of the NHS gets money to catch up^ 

has been used ever since to try and 
redistribute cash more fairly. 

The RAWP formula was. how- 
ever. conceived in an ape of 
growth. The Government's figures 
may prove that health service 
spending has risen by 24 per cent 
above inflation since 1979. but the 
hospital and community services 
have experienced little if any real 
growth in spending power once 
NHS pay and price rises have been 
taken into account and allowance 

made for the rising numbers of 
elderly. There is also a need for an 
extra 0.5 per cent of services a year 
to keep up with technological 

London can no longer be al- 
lowed to stand still while new 
money goes to the rest of the NHS 
to allow it to catch up. For 
London. RAWP means cuts in 
spending. Change can be met only 
by greater efficiency and by cut- 
ting ; services that the gaining 

districts are meant to be 

The scale of the change required 
is awesome. That London had 
(and still has) fat to cut compared 
with the rest of the NHS is not in 
question. Inner London was lit- 
tered with small hospitals; costly 
to ’run. inefficient and under- 
occupied. In 1974 there were 26 
hospitals in the East End m an 
area little more than four miles by- 
six. Meanwhile, thousands of. 

patients a year were travelling 30 
miles and more into London for 
routine operations becaus e of lack 
of beds in their own areas. 

The change that has . already 
been achieved is impressive. Since 
1979. when RAWP really began to 
bite, well over 3.000 acute hospital 
beds have dosed in Greater. 
London. Yet such has been the 
improvement in shorter lengths of - 
stay, quicker turn-round, and 
more efficient use of beds and 
theatres that health ministers can 
claim significant increases in pa- 
tients treated — 70,000 more in- 
patient cases than .in 1978, 75,000 
more day cases, 50.000 more, out- 
patient attendances. 

But the signs of strain are 
becoming apparent. Waiting-lists 
in Greater London grew by over 
3.000 in the year to last September 
while elsewhere, in general, they 
fell as hospitals outside the capital 
also increased their efficiency. In 
south-west London all waiting-list 
admissions were cancelled for 

: The scale of the 
. required changes 
will be awesome 

several days last winter al a time 
when the weather, was not bad and 
there were no obvious epidemics. 
London's Emergency Bed Service . 
is finding it tougher to get hospi- 
tals to accept emergenc ie s. 

. A key reason may well be that 
acute hospital services are going 
out of London (aster than they are 
being replaced elsewhere in dm 
Home Counties. In addition care- 
ful planning is being disrupted by 
the same mid-year, short-term ' 
crises that have fared all health 
authorities in recent years — the 
Lawsoii cuts of 1983. followed By 
the Government's failure to folly 
fund pay awards. _ 

Coming on top of budgets that 
are already befog reduced, ibe . 
impact can be dire. Bloomsbury, 
for example, had to close services 
at the National Temper a nce and; 
St Pan eras Hospitals, the accident 
and emergency department at the 
Middlesex, and 97 beds at Univer- 
sity College Hospital and the 
Middlesex — in each case earlier 
than planned — just to slay on 

■ Alasdair Liddell, Bloomsbury's 
general manager, says: "We see no 
evidence that the pressure on us is. 



I Baffling, ques ion IS) 
4 WW1 Prime Min- 
ister n 

8 Chalk valley c5» 

9 Obvious Ul 

10 Ladder assault (S) 

II Noi stereo f4i 

13 Quickening musi- 
calK till 

17 Tense i4) 

18 Square church IS) 

21 Peewit (7) 

22 Shillong state (5) 

23 Hunters!?) 

24 All (5) 

1 Parcel (6) 

2 Impassive type (5) 

3 Revolted (8) 

4 Hornless Scots cattle 

5 Jest (4) 

A quiet night in Praga I Who’ll pay the 

6 Freezing (7) 

7 Potato stew 16) 
12 Siake fence (8) 
14 Shnvd(7) 

15 Engraving pen (6) 

16 Cordially (6) 

19 Progeny (5) 

20 Fearful (4) 

Part-time V^g 
W Master^ ^ 

' Degree in Business 

An opportunity for people to take an advanced 
course in management while following their careers. 
The programme based on the well-established 
full-time course requires daytime attendance on • 
Fridays and occasional Saturdays. 

Further information (s available at an informal recaption at 

ny time between 4.30 — 7.00 pm y 

m: Christine Burnside. Postgraduate Centre /A 

nchester Business School^H 

xnh Street West Manchester Ml 5 6PB 
Tel: 061-273-8228 Ext.153 

The undressed buildings of 
Praga. pale and pockmarked 
by - war. house the highest 
concentration of criminals in 
Warsaw. It is not Brixtonor 
the Bronx, but it is tough. At 
dusk, a half-gloom settles on 
the long courtyards. The fuses 
and bulbs, have been looted 
from the street lamps, and 
people lurch rather than walk, 
giving the impression that the 
whole district has been ether- 
ized. This Ts 'not far from the 
truth: in Praga over the past 
year all murderers, rapists and 
car thieves, 70 per cent of 
those involved in brawls, and 
65 per cent of muggers were 
under the influence of alcohol 
when they committed their 
crimes. And 95 per cent of the 
victims were drunk. 

Wednesday should be a 
quiet night. It is not payday or 
a popular saint's day — Jozef, 
say, when everybody of that 
name gives a party — it is 
simply the middle of the week. 
At 7pm Captain Wojciech 
Hoffman, buriy, a short mili- 
tary moustache, the gruffness 
of a city policeman, strides 
into the briefing room of his 
station on Cyril and 
Methodius Street Two dozen 
patrolmen jump up from their 
desks. The captain reads out a 
list of stolen goods and miss- 
ing people. Sooner or later 
most of the cassette recorders, 
sheepskins. Atari computers, 
car tyres and jewellery will 
turn up in Praga. 

In an unprecedented glimpse of the 
law in action behind the Iron Curtain, 
Roger Boyes joins the Polish police on 
night patrol on the streets of Warsaw 

Macn) MacMncynsW 



f & . 

•r «. 



>- 3 >\ 


the dead hours: checking 
shops, especially a big food 
supermarket where alcohol is 
stocked. Sgt O: “After mid- 
night you've got to reckon that 
90 per cent of the people on 
the streets here are up to no 

A few hours in the back ofa 
police van and one becomes , 
more suspicious than the po- 
licemen. Who is that woman 
walking a dog? Why are those 
men hinging around? Three 
kids laughing: check them, 
says my instinct. The police- 
men drive past “It's a ques- 
tion of experience. Most 
people with nothing to fear 
move slowly”. 

A t 1150pm, by a bus 
shelter, it looks as if 
we may have found 
our first corpse. Face 
down, very cold. Sgt O feels 
the pulse. It's -5C outside, 
though deep into spring. He is 
alive but dead drunk. 
Ambulancemen arrive in 20 
minutes. A chain-smoking 
woman doctor decides that 
“he's sleeping too deeply” and 
takes him to hospitaL 
At 2 am a woman turns up 
in Cyril and Methodius Street. , 
No shoes, ho identity docu- 
ments. drunk. She says she has 
just been raped in one of the 
dark, gaping entrance ways. 
The man was the son of her 
friend. Sgt J snatches the 
cigarette from her mouth and 
lets her into the van. . 

Stalowa Street 13. Wooden 
floorboards, a smell, inexpli- 
cably. of caged ' animals, a 
shrine to the virgin Mary, lit 
by a single light bulb. We bang 
on the door, Sgt J taps on the 
back window. After 15 min- 
utes and a threat to batter the 
door down, the mother 
emerges. Inside it is dark, no 
electricity, no meter even, but 
the light of the shrine shows us 
something of the dirt 
The man. who is 30, denies 
everything until the police 
find the assaulted woman's 
shoes and her papers. He is 
allowed to put on a coat is 
hauled off. His story “I was 
taking her to a bus stop, had to 
drag her because she was so 
drunk. Then we got to a 
gateway and made love. She 
wanted to. Then f noticed that 
her shoes and bag were miss- 
ing and went to search, for 
them, and when I brought 
them back she was gone . . 

The police doctor confirms 
the woman had sex. but finds 
no signs of violence. The man 
is put in a celt complaining.'. 

» The night dribbles away. Sgi 
J checks through his notes, 
preparing his final report 
Abortive checks on vodka 
outlets, drunken drivers, a 
medical case, more drunks, no. 
break-ins. a brawl, a suspected 
rape -r a quiet night in Praga. 

T he criminal epicentre 
of Praga is the Bazaar 
Rozyckiego, an open- 
air market in which, 
like a crooked Harrods, -one 
can buy anything. Hot goods 
find their fences here, foreign 
currencies find their custom- 
ers. tarts find their pimps. The 
ripples spread outwards, en- 
gulfing iwo suburban railway 
stations that carry thousands 
of villagers in and out of 
Warsaw every day — easy 
picking, most of them, after a 
couple of drinks. 

The equipment has been 
checked - magazines re- 
moved from revolvers, gas 
spravs displayed — and soon 
the patrol is under way: Ser- 
geant Marian J. moustache 
like a hussar, quiet; and 
Sergeant Jan O, earnest non- 
smoking. We look at the 
briefing folder. It reminds the 
policemen to check people 
with heavy baggage, parking 
places, street vendors and 
Hooligans, and to make a note 
of any new anti-state slogans. 
Political graffiti is on the ebb: 
gone is the martial law routine 
when slogans like "Solidarity 
Lives” were daubed at mid- 
night and paimed out by 
noon. - ' 

Sgt 0- delivers a summons 
I to a witness- Over the radio: 

Triple Action Anodesyn 

Acts in three ways to brmg relief from 

- the misery of painful piles . . 

1. Relieves Pain. 

Pain and discomfort are eased by the gentle 
local anaesthetic effect of Ugnocame. 

2. Reduces Swelling. 

Drtaled Wood vessels are reduced with 
Ephedrine Hydrochloride. 

3. Promotes Healing. 

AHantoin is included for its tissue 
healing potential 




- A-. j*...-- - 

Night shift reporter Roger Boyes with the police patrol van 

has anybody got a light bulb? The dodger, who is also on 
7.45pm. Darwin Street aura- the list of illegal distillers, is 
ber 7. An illegal alcohol still, a out. His mother is cokUy 
melina. We have been given a polite. "He works now. In 

list of three mefinas to raid. Brodno hospitaL” “He’s 

The block is relatively mod- calmed down a bit now, then, 
em. early Tower Hamlets, and has he?" “Yes. yes.” “Because 

the lift works. The sister of the we’ve been calling regularly. I 
distiller lea the police in. A suppose?” “No. I wouldn't say 
baby cries from the kitchen- that.” The woman wants us 
cum -living-room. There is a oul 

bucket, of potatoes in the halL Sgt O says later “I check 
Mother emerges. “We are those people's documents and 

looking -for Dariusz." “He's see dozens of work stamps, 
out. don't know when he'll be chopping and changing their 
back. It's nothing serious, is jobs, and I think: 'How can we 
it?” "Is he working?" “Not for build: socialism like that? 1 “ 

the last two weeks.” “You 

should persuade him to go n the whole, night 

back to work.” “What can I ■ ■ policemen like their 

do? I can't force him to work.” V W job: it’s more dan- 
She looks worried. The police- gerous but less bor- 

man is being charming, solid- ing. Sgt J: "It *s not bad Same 
tous. Her boy is obviously in pay. but we get 48 hours off for 
trouble. She promises to have a night on . . The patrol has 
a word with him. In the lift, been told to watch die Ebro 
Sgt O says there is a pattern: Cafe, the bar known as "Un- 

when tbe boy is out of work der the Bear”, a children's 
for longer periods, illegal vod- playground the new Praga 
ka sales start to boom. Hotel and the back of the 

At 8.30pm we check on a Musical High School — ill-lit 
work dodger. Able-bodied sites where muggings are often 
men have a duty, to work simply a matter of stickingout 
under a parasitism law passed a leg. 

aftermartial law. The Catholic By 1 0pm we have checked 

church leadership thought it out another absentee vodka 
was a way of cracking down on distiller and a doorbell pest — 
those who had been dismissed "I'm looking for my girlfiend, . 
for nolitical reasons, but there aren't I? What do you mean 
have been few such cases, she doesn't five here?" - and 
Mainly IHsameans to control stopped a brawl ai I At- 
the criminal is Fihpmka Cafe, It s all harm- 
quire simply difficult tow* less -enough. The restatuams 
fullSme and be a safe-cracker and- tars dose earty.' Some 
or illegal distiller; Each identi- workshops dose before dusk 
ty cardroniains a work stamp; to avoid the nsk.of homer 
those without -the stamp are walking home in the dark with 
suspeci ... Uw day slaking^. Routine fills 

Fifteen years ago Ahn Wen- 
b erg, one of tire architects elf 
atomic power, spoke of tbe 
“Faustian bargain” hSsfeBew 
nuclear scientists .bad made 
with society. Oe the one band, 
he said, they offered "an 
inexhaustible source of 
energy” which, when properly 
bandied, is almost non- pollut- 
ing. On the other: "The price 
we demand from society for 
this magical energy source is 
both vigilance and a longevity 
of our social in sti t ution s that 
we are quite unaccustomed 
to.” The radioactive gas cloud 
from Chernobyl is the dearest 
evidence, if not the first, thar 
tbe price is too high. 

The social instit u tions in 
question indude those respon- 
sible for tbe regulation of the 
mid ear power industry: hi die 
UK, the Nuclear Installations 
Inspectorate; in the USA, tire 
Nuclear Regulatory Commis- 
sion; and in the USSR, the 
State Committee for the Su- 
pervision of Safe Work in 
Nuclear Power. All three sub- 
scribe to the codes of practice 
and safety guidelines compiled 
by tbe International Atomic 
Energy Agency (IAEA), 
whose director-general. Dr 
Hans Blix. travelled to the 
Soviet Union from the 
agency's headquarters in Vi- 
enna last week. 

The IAEA technical docu- 
ments run to more Hum 2,000 
pages, com prising five codes of 

International control 
is clearly needed 

conduct and 55 safety guides. 
But they were completed only 
last year, and as far as the 
major nuclear powers were 
concerned they merely supple- 
mented the procedures already 
in place. 

Sharp contrasts exist be- 
tween countries in the applica- 
tion of safety regulations. US 
industry 1ms to meet absolute 
standards. In tbe UK, the 
process is doser to negotia- 
tion: safety inspectors respond 
to evidence submitted by the 
electricity generating boards, 
requesting additional informa- 
tion nirtil they are satisfied. 

The. 'national organizations 
have the teeth of law; the 
JAEA is a paper tiger. Yet the 
; Chernobyl disaster revealed a 
weed for a degree of snprana- 
tional intervention. 

The IAEA does have some 
global overview of nuclear 
power. A computer data base 
at the Vienna headquarters 
contains descriptions and his- 
tories of all the commercial 
reactors in the world with no 
declared, military connexion. 
Thiree years ago, the IAEA 

impressed on -its -member 
countries the hazards rtf 
"transbeundary exposure", 
and a procedure was .-prepared 
for mutual aid and information 
exchange between 

neighbo uri ng countries in 
emergencies. The belated invi- 
tation that took Dr BKx to 
Moscow was made in accor- 
dance with these plans. Until 
the member countries ajpee to 

Sharp contrasts in 
.safety regulations 

give the organization the pow- 
er to take initiatives, such 
: delays are inevitable. 

Tbe IAEA's brief also far 
dudes curbing foe prolifera- 
tion of unclear weapons via 
commensal applications of 
atomic energy. The object is to 
check that weapons-grade pin-, 
tonrani is not being produced' 
clandestinely, and that en- 
riched uranium is not being 
. diverted for military use. The ; 
.IAEA's calculations are based ’ 
on an inventory of fhe nudear 
material going into a reactor 
with a record of the time whefl ■ 
it came out and the conditions 
under which the plant was 
operated through the faterven- 
mg period. 

Excluded from inspection 
among the 100 members are 
the military reactors of the 
nuclear weapons states, who 
have also Insisted on exemp- 
tion for a few commercial - 
installations. These include 
Chernobyl' and the British 
reactor at Calder HalL 

Verification of tire safety of 
design, the quality of construc- 
tion and operator t raining and ■' 
the rigour of procedures for ' 
handling waste is mandatory _ 
for all civil reactors — except ' 
*n foe nuclear weapons states, ; '■ 
which could only be included if 
they were prepared to relta- ; 
quash a degree of sovereignty. 
There- is tittle room to doubt 
foe possible penalty if foe - 
price is not paid. 

Pearce Wright 

Aut umn 
-. Fashion in 
Country life 

fnim die l&fc|nHffrhh<n 
ultunmirm* t.tJimi manhrt. 
O'WTattiim Rt-rpijufrii-fti&' 
jihr.w s.jyetR AnJ ir ,rhr ide j 
nwnmt 1 *? ikic hinc ihc 

***** i ■f'tmi -Mi TBirts. • 

-UaahtijH rlKtijhhio! • . . . 

01-261 5401. 


slackening. Our suspicion is that 
our naiting-Iisissre growingiong- 
erand foe queues out ha Essex arc 
not gening any shorter because 
new services are not being provid- 
ed out there- as quickly as we are 
reducing them''.. !' 

To addition, there is a. growing 
belief among some of London's 
. general tnana gr rs that tire money 
which is going out of London, to. 
foe Home Counties is being spent 
faster on priority services for tbe 
mentally ill and handicapped and 
the elderly than on providing 
acute services to rcplacr those lost 

- in London,. Dr Stephen Jenkins, 
grnerai manager at West Lambeth 
Health Authority, says: "To pul it 
fa an extreme way. we suspect tbe . 
money we are faring fa going into 
fioW-platcd loos for getiatnes in 
the rotting green fields of Kent, dot 
fa replacing our acme services” . 

If llw'feebng growing in Loudon 
is Thar the pace or change, is 
beco mi ng too quick/ihere is stfll 
much change to come. On current 
plans . the district containing 
St Thomas's calculates that it has 
to. lose another 200 beds and cut 
£18 million from its spe ndin g on 
acute services of £48 imBi nn over ' 
the seat 10 years. A third of that is 
due to come from greater efficien- 
cy and a fair part of the sayings 
will go faro developing priority 
services locally. But St Thomas's ' 
is being asked to save from its 
spending on acute services more 
than fa spent on the entire budget * 
of Hartlepool or Milton Keynes 
: health authorities. 

- On Bfaomsbury Health Auth- 
ority's reading of the present 
{dans, a district foal since 1982 has 
out its spending by £7.6 million, 
its beds, by 3 30 (almost 20 per 
centfaod Hs^staff by 1.500 while 
beeping up the number, of patients 
ft treated^ faces a farther reduction 
by 1993 of another 270 beds and p 
reduction of v» minimum .fcf - 
£22 milifan ou spending on hospi- 
ia! services of about £85 million. 

• Alasdair Liddell says: “I am not 
sure fa u possible to cope with that 
kind of change at that pace 
without for wholesale destruction 
of important, services." 

Bui if the signs are dm London 
fa finding fa increasmgiy difficult 
to cope, is the health service 
outside foe cental benefiting? 

( tomorrow ) 

y MO ton Keynes 

the times Monday may iz 1986 




rewards — an>i ~ * Andr ew Dnncan about their 

° fi a ^Part series 

■ESS^sSaBS. £««■ 

I was {ml on a m 

m tne career jungle 

fl rantxr in ^ CZF 

■M— 5U fcJ — 

-jT-T. — wp unices, formidable 

T*** «*le secretarfes ~ tatlnV swSZt 
the first time hold more 
graJ^ioiud^bstlmn men It is nansnaJ to find 
British wpmea.wbo have yet achieved real *= 
°f ? pcce88 hi. their varfons fields. 

A CCrtBmMnnniil r. \ .• 

I presence 


aessraias ss^^vssssehs 

" S£i*^ , ^?S^ irw ^ , ^o*adoaese J**" “ re ^ 8 * Six are onmanied at the mo- 
“■*65 just as welL ***** ®o»t. Two have never been married^^i,^ 

iS®* 6 *' “re not — so far. Although 9 S S* 1 ®' oae has been married twice. The 

Hbon women now "* wt 'mlyaintam?SL IIU Proper w^dnswos ahont the effect of 

« SrSS' PrirXtB", 

;«"■ JT-SfyKCSyg; 

can do &fegs“ says Kate Mortimer, 
St?? woman elected to the wah board 5 
N Jtf. Rothschild, the merchant Knnfc 
I yoketa tor.nUii Wraocttod to eight 
®re women Who Ime kstHmI 



Name; Steve Shirley 
Age: 52 • . 

Job: Fonsderand ' 
m a n ag ing director of F 
I nterna tional Computer 
Software Ghraa 
Salary: £75,000 

Ts - 


Io I9g, avraiting the Birth of 
her child, Stephanie Shirley impossible' to obtain 
part-time work that matched 
her skills as a mathematic ian. 

. She shortened her name for 
easier access to a male-domi- 
Ajmted world - “I had to 
WEfissemWe to get throu gh the. 
door — and started what is 
now one of Britain's largest 
computer software companies^ 

“An entrepreneur like me 
really has a single-minded 
achieve.-sol lead a life 
dwt other people might find 

a . A sense of humour has got 
-ine through all sorts of situa- 
tions where others migfathave 
pulled out a handfawchief and 
wept People are 'still sorae- 
; tunes surprised that fm a 
woman and, because F Inter- 
national is an immense sue- 
cess story, some are scared of 

“Many women do not 
present themselves as well as 

Steve Shirk? 

iheir capabilities demand. As 
a boss 1 am difficult, demand- 
ing. irrational and impossible. 
IJook on myself as a gardener 
I grow people, and encour- 
age their skills, confidence and 
ability to cope. I oy to be a 

rote model to younger women, 

although rve only done this 
for the past couple of years 
because it takes energy from 
the business. I tell students. 
If you want to be a million- 
aire you can do it - but you 
have to commit yourself 
“A lot of people forget that 
the so-called sacrifices arc 
made equally by men who get 
fo the top — they lose the odd 
wife en route, and things like 
that. My husband (a physicist) 
thinks life, is very good with 
me. He always had his own 
career and he didn’t even 
notice when I began to earn 
more than him. It all goes into 
one pot" 

Where have all 
the slobs gone? 

rUL. _ r n . . 






Name Ann Curaow 
Age: 50 
Job: QC 

Salary: “I doubt that it is 

possiUe for a silk in iqy field 

to top the six figore mot" 

j| She passed her bar finals when 
^she was 20 and for the last 14 

years was a Treasury prosecu- 
tor and then the first woman 
to be appointed senior Crown 
prosecutor at the; Central 
Criminal Court. She is new 
back in Chambers. In 1981 she ' 

-prejudice as part of life, and 

rm certain it would have been 
counter-productive to behave 
m the strident feshion of 
women’s fibbers. 

’“When I was first appointed 

Tmcnnr mhmmT f rw-> « 


Age: 26 

a Treasury counsel in' 1072, 1 
s temfie' ' ~ 

was terrified and I told the 
Attorney-General Sir Michael 
Havers: “You must under- 
stand I have to do the shop- 
ping and washing as well as 
your work”. Then, when I was 
appointed to the Old Bailey 
five years later, it seemed 
logical to accept I found it 
hurtful although . nothing to 

flA TDrtfi tuMiui a ■ n 

Job: Singer 

Satarjr^f haven’t a due. 

I'm not counting and I know I 
don't have to worry” 

-- ..M. a -on wtucu fJO me 

Bar in 1957 I never intended 
to practise and in my early 
days there was enormous pr^- 
udice against women. I was so 
terrified of having toappearin 
Court that I locked myself in 


cuance. Miss 
Qiniow.f2.4sid and see how 
you go’. 

- “I started bit by bit, but one 

was overtaken by men who 
came to the Bar much later. 

I accepted foe overweening 

- * •“V4MVJ UVUU** 

s among the nieces 

of dead wood h^wantedta 
pnme. .Now I wish I'd made 
the change years ago. 

“Owing to various fectore, I 
haven t had children and I 
tbiak I may regret it/* r 

Helen Folasade Adu, daughter 
of an English nurse and a 
Nif^rian university lecturer, 
was brought up in HoIIand- 
on-Sea, Essex. She studied 
feshion, and began sin g in g 
when a friend asked her to join 
a group —“I was tinted, wore a 
leather mini-skirt and looked 
as if L could dance -r that’s ajf 

S m need.” In 18 months, her 
rst two albums have sold 12 
million copies and" in Febru- 
ary J 986 she won a Grammy 
award from the American re- 
cord industry as best new art- 
ist of the year. The following 

month, exhausted, she- cur- 
tailed a concert in Frankfurt, 
amid lurid rumours about her 
private life. 

“I was successful very 
quickly, and didn't expect it 
Now I'm constantly under 
pressure. The British Press 
seems to dislike success, and 
however much you try not to 
care, you get fed up when you 
read lies — like the man you’re 
going out with has been two- 
timing you with a Greek mas- 
seuse. Former boyfriends are! 
offered money to tell stories I 
about me, and sometimes I 
think I'm going to read about 
myself- in ‘Naked Baby In 
Heroin Lesbian Death Tryst*. 
If journalists were exterminat- 
ed, fife would be fine. 

“Luckily, I haven't had to 
use my sexuality and feminity 

fn cmvwvl r>n ■_/ 

Only a few Bonnies’ ears wfll 
an 10 ? at (he news that the 
“relation of Playboy maga- 
zim has draped frooi7!2 
“wuiwiin 1972 to a current 42 

j If P layboy carries on sdf- 
aestincting, It could prove a 
great convenience all round, 
gore of us trying to boy a 
mtbday card and a bar of 
chocolate at the newsagents 
will not have to fight our way 
past men with ssthhig better 

to do than stare gtessOy at the 
magazine rack. 

m£ ,eD l ^ ter ’ Ptoyboy't de- 

wsse would put an end to all 
ihSS SS 6 ^* 11 dfaa W8ions 

„ i T h ^ her wumen who 
febe off aO their clothes are 
victims of exploitation or 

«f the 

typwg pool Bad grabbed a 
“an-sized slice of financial 

The New Woman hw j ^fn 
felaaied for the de clining sales 
of the so-called “sophis- 
ticated” men’s Magazines, 
which must be quite a feather 
m her cap. The New Woman’s 
lack of femininity has often 
been Mamed for the end of 
gallantry as we used to know 
* ™en walking right around 
the car to open the front 
Passenger seat for yon or 
insisting on carrying your 
package which contains noth- 
ing heavier than a pair of 
tights and a tab of yoghurt 
So bow nice if an improve- 
ment in men’s manners can be 
put down to her. Somehow or 
other, she has let it be known 
that she does not consider it 
very polite for men to read 
’’sophisticated*’ magazines 
and furthermore that impolite 
men are not the least bit 














* m ui t 


a sort of male initiation rite; it 
is Imperative to undergo 
it before yon can lead rite good 
fife of right restaurants and 

Here it comes apn*, from a 
GQ (Gentlemen's 
Qfuvrtafy) this time? “Do I 
wear my bow-tie in front or 

behind a wing-tip collar? Can I 

wear tan shoes with a navy 
suit? How can I stop my silk 
pocket square sliding down? 
Should I fasten the last button 
on a three-piece suit?” 

. There is a dreadful escap- 
ism la all this. To worry about 
whether your handkerchief is 
going to stay put Is a fairly 
^rtraorttinary anxiety to ding 
te m the Cue of nuclear 
roasters and international 
terrorism. Is style about to 

become a refuge for men whose 

lives are more than they Min 
rope with? Will they retreat to 
the bedroom for a spot of tie- 
pnetice, just as their tethers 
shmk off to the pub when their 

ted k 


Name: Mary Wamock 
Age: 62 

, Job: Mistress of Girton 
" College, Cambri " 
Salary: Around : 

Lady Wamock and her hus- 
band, Geoffrey, whom die 

married ai 25 when they both 

Ui< c 

secured Oxford — _ 

philosophy, have coxritoned 
the domestic achievement of 
bringing up two sons and three 
daughters with die unique 
academic double of becoming 
heads of Oxbridge colleges (he 
is principal of Hertford). All 
but one of the children were 
boro conveniently during va- 
cations — “I'm proud I didn’t 
have to take time off”. Lady 

She and her husband meet 
at weekends in Wiltshire, 
where they have a cottage. She 
} was made a life baroness and a 
r | DBS for her work on White- 
i hall committees, including the 
j 1984 inquiry into test tube 
f babies. 

i “If 1 had my fife again I 
would go inio commerce or 
advertising, but I'm stuck with 
. J! what I’ve goLr Nos bad, but 
1 terribly predictable. 2 notice 
X with despair and irritation in 
M the Lords that, apart from 
M Lady Young, women are not 
* supposed to know about for- 
eign policy or legal matters. 
It's always the canng subjects 
. ' — children, education and 

health. Then I look at myself 
and realize T wouldn't have a 
'* % hope in hell of saying anything 

. imeresiihg about foreign poli- 
cy. 1 regret that. 

"The lowest point in my 
career was undoubtedly when 
• the children were small and I 
~ had to write lectures to keep 
up as a Fellow of the college. T 
can hardly bear to read my 
diaries. Everything turned on 
no one getiing'iil and nannies 
not leaving. 

”1 was a good mother, in the 
sense that 1 really like babies 
and never got bored with them 
— tilings get difficult when 
they're about 13. But success- 
ful women do have to sacrifice 
^ their children to some extent. 

■ ^ Mine had a pneny rough time, 

to succeed. I'm not a giriygirL 
interested in 

making money. If the band 
weren’t my friends. I would 
have said That’s it’ and given 
up. It’s too much to have to 
cope with the entire change in 
the way yon are viewed by 
acquaintances. You feel con- 
stantly under scrutiny — it’s 
like having a birthmark. Then 
there are the physical pres- 
sures of touring, and personal 
problems — my tether died 
last year, and Stuart’s 
(Matthewman, co-songwriter ) 
mother has just ri fed , * 

“Last year was miserable, 
but I know how lucky I am. I 
will never sit and feel sorry for 
myself. There is nothing great- 
er than creating something 
that other people enjoy, and 
without an audience we are 
nothing Sometimes T wish it 
hadn't happened, but if I was 
going to crack up, I would 
have done so already.” 

nciable. *^ res were in a fool temper or 

That la riu, i uie law mower needed fhrinai 

gtoste for gentiemen, and I obsessive. But men are incapa- 
am not sore that the change ole of acquiring a mild Interest 
has been for the better. Ac- fa anything. Look what hap- 
rording to Media Week, what when they take up cook- 
men now demand from their fog exqnisite dishes all rail ing 
monthly reading matter is not fo bain-maries snd cai«nan_ 

a , . 

a donlrfe-psge spread af 
someone's silicon injections 
but advice on “how to dress, 
how to talk to your tailor, how 
to tie a bow-tie, shop for 
clothes . . These new nu 
zincs aim “at a successful 


tor oam-manes and salaman- 
ders until you would give juur 
sou] for a plate of tinned 
tomato soup. 

The outcome is easy to 
foresee. When every m»n on 
earth has learnt how to tie his 
tie, button his suit and display 

«TiTl ■ ■ \7 ne, Dumra ms suit and display 

snfi aspmng Y uppte audience, his handkerchief to the nth 

"**** degree rf P erfection, every 
restaurants, choose the correct woman on earth will feel a 

7^i!^ tkartiepnperl)r twi ? 8e of ,on 8fo8 for that 

Mi, v «,• ^ eXtfflCf whose fo!" 1 ® 

wnat on earth « this ne were sprinkled with cigarette 

afi abom? Ate mak- ash. whose socks collapsed 
toast it ss just about the around their ankles and tSo 
m.tiie world. But made uncouth noises of appre- 
ne-tying has evidentiy become datum as they read Playboy. 








. '• A .‘ . r j ' ' 7 < • ! f 

' \ v . • . • •; o; . ♦- v ><:•«'» •• 

'• iV ' " 

Lady Wamock: Tf I had my life over I would go into 

.*11 MC lldu a jnsuil 

and I regret it when I look at 

^.ii -amUV fcmtTSpc My 

dllU 1 a* 

other people’s families. . .. 
eldest daughter thinks sbe was 
draped up by a lot of nannies. 

The Business America* try 
i Hart is published by 
Andre Deutsche on May 15 at 


Part two — five fly 
i, from the Gty 
SLihfi dnema 

which is perfectly true, and I 
think she resents me for ft. She 
was pretty difficult to live with 
when she. was 18, and I still 
don’t know her very welL 
My ddest son is an extreme- 
ly snccessfhl musician, buz be 
was bom midffie-aged. My 
next one is a civil servant in 
- the Department of the Envi- 
ronment, and he thinks he had 
a terrible childhood. But then 
he was a terrible child. They 
are a fairly eccentric bunch, 
but I thick they are wonderful. 
Certainly the great thing abont - 
having treated -them rather 
badly -when they were small is 
that they are now devoted to 
each other. They are good to 
Geoffrey and me, but they do 
regard its as unlike real 

“in -the early days of our 
marriage, ft was Geoffrey who . 
really kept my nose to the 
grindstone when I said it was. 
all too much. Marriage would 
have been difficult if. he 
wanted a conventional life 
with a little woman to warm, 
his simpers. But he had beep 
horrified by his mother* who 
was very sweet tempered but a 
totally subordinate figure do- . 
voted to her husband. GeoF-. 
frev could never have married;; 
someone who. has going , to 
adopt that role* •' 

“It's really rather nice now - 
that he’s in* Oxford and Pm- 
here. We both liked befog by 
ourselves. He loathes my unti- 
diness - that and my scruffi- 
ness, are the things that might 
have broken up our marriage 
— so be can bustle around ax ' 
home in 'Oxford tidying upT 
Then weekends together ^ are 
quite.fuit It's an agreeabJe.sori 
of fife” . f. 


so when Freddie was born, I 
reckoned Td have to earn 
some serious money. 

“When I was a lad, I didn’t 
dare have ambition because I 
never won anything. After my 
first success at Badminton I 
was totally mesmerized, and 

everything went wrong for the 
aths. At 21 

i^teine: Lndnda Ureen 
Age 32 
Job: .Eventing 
Salary: £20,000, from 

ate won the first of her record 
sue Badmintons at 19, has 
been . - European champion 
twioe ; and is . current world 
champion — a title she cannot 
regain this month in Australia 
as her horse, Regai Realm, is 
ntfured. She lives with her 
husband David, an interna- 
tional rider, - and their one- . 
year-oW son, Freddie. 

tribe money. David arid I both 
have five borees (each costing 
about £7,000 & year to main. 
tain) and we had to tramp the 
streets iookirig for sponsor- 
ship. • 

SR foiernational, a direct 
marketing group, has support- 
ed us since 1983, and this year 
; OUT budgetis £65,000. There is 
. a danger that you become so 
desperate for a sponsor that 
- you WiB do anything, in chid- 
ing running a. horse you 
shouldn't But SR have been' 
absolute bricks about fife 
world championship: . i '■ 

*1 always thought Td many 
a. rich- husband butl didh\ 

next 18 months. At 21 I was 
roecure that I derided to give 

up if I made a muck of the 
next event Thank God, it 
went all right 

“Until I met David it was a 
long, hard, lonely trail ft 
would be jolly hard for a 
marriage to survive with 
someone who wasn’t totally 
involved in the same thing 
This is a truly unisex sport, 
and ft must be hard for David 
to accept that the bird who 

shares the same patch is doing 

better than him. Buz he’s 
learnt to cope and £ don’t 
think he's jealous. It comes 
down to experience — I've 
been at It 10 years longer than 
him — and we feel Thar if one 
. of us is doing well that's betler 
than neither of us. 

“Freddie, has added a new 
dimension to our fives, but 
unfortunately he hasn't yet 
limited my ambition. Every- 
one says you should not think 
about yourself once you have 
3 hasn't made me any 
different. . You can’t change 
your life when either a man ^ 
a child walks imo ft because if 
you have any aggression they 
won’t fulfil all the things you 
give-up. ft’s a dangerous path, 
though, and I'm frightened 
you can let ambition take 
over. £ want to make a success 
of family- life; bm I know it" 
won’ the be-all arid end-all 
of everythin g, ** ■ •- ' 

p i h I—- . 




















i a 

The obscene sequence of famine, starvation and 
death must not happen again. 

The poor, who inherited their poverty, were 
powerless to prevent ft. 

Christian Aid believes that the way to break 
that sequence is for us in the West and the poor in 
the Third World to work together to put into the 
hands of the poor and powerless the means to 
support themselves. 

It meansflndlngand developing the land to work 

on: land often taken away from the poor by the 
rich in their own country, or by corporations to 
grow food for the West 

it means tools, seed, water and loans for local 

And bread-winning opportunities for the 

landless: workshops and small industries, nets for 
nsherfolk, materials for craftsmen, education for 
children and adults, health centres to prevent 
curable sickness. 

Not least, ft Is to help the powerless to the 
equal rights (and responsibilities) they need to 
participate in the development of their own 

All this is work in which Christian Aid asks you 
to join. For it is no small change that Christian Aid 
wants, b ut change for good. 

i. a 
j in 








Week May 12-17 



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Tower power 

Liberal campaigners for propor- 
tional representation could be 
forgiven for harbouring second 

thoughts after the party won the 
>f Tow 

London borough of Tower Ham- 
lets in the local government 
elections. Thanks to the archaic 
and oft-criticized “first past the 
post** system, they beat Labour by 
one seat, despite polling fewer 
votes. The same archaic etc sys- 
tem allowed local Alliance leader 
Jim Boyd, to scrape back into his 
seat at Bexley, south of the river, 
when — after three recounts had 
given his Tory rival exactly the 
same number of votes — they held 
a draw and Boyd won. 

Wrong address 

Young Tory hopeful Marc-Henri 
G leadening should not have been 
too surprised by his thumping 
rejection by the Hackney South 
and Shoreditch electorate in last 
week's ILEA elections. The former 
chairman of the Federation of 
Conservative Students set about 
canvassing the rock-solid Labour 
constituency with gusto. It was 
only after a concerted spell of 
leafieting that he realized he was 
stomping the wrong area. “I did a 
bit of Hackney North and a bit of 
Islington by accident*'* he admits. 
“I was about 200 leaflets adrift — 
not the difference between win- 
ning and losing". He ended up 
15,000 votes behind Labour. 

Scorch scotch 

Another Oxford tradition has 
gone up in flames. Oriel has 
banned.the "burning of the boats" 
ceremony, in which rowers turned 
Viking in a dangerous victory 
celebration after the annual 
Torpids regatta. Last term, one of 
Oriel's first female undergraduates 
was singed. 


‘Thank heavens, it's only acid rain' 

Bear cop 

According to this week's Police 
magazine, some London mag- 
istrates have complained that 
officers have been attending court 
wearing golliwog badges. The 
complaint dearly confused the 
deputy assistant commander of 
Six .Area, Metropolitan Police, 
which stretches from Heathrow to 
Kensington. He has banned the 
wearing of Rupert Bear brooches, 
which policemen buy to finance 
holidays for families of murdered 
RUC officers. 


Professor Colin McCarthy, a for- 
mer economic adviser to the 
South African government, who 
was due to do a summer research 
stint at the London School of 
Economics, has cancelled bis visit 
at the last minute. Head of 
economics at the Afrikaans 
Stellenbosch University. Mc- 
Carthy was invited to Britain for 

six weeks by the economics 
department of t 

the LSE, and was 

due to arrive this month. The 
invitation, as I reported in March, 
caused a furore among students, 
who saw it as taril LSE approval of 
apartheid. The LSE maintained 
that McCarthy had merely been 
■seconded to 'Pretoria’s industry 
department in 1977 and that a 
paper had “pointed out a few 
uncomfortable home truths” to 
the regime. However, clearly per- 
turbed by the strength of the 
reaction. McCarthy dispatched a 
curt missive to the LSE cancelling 
his visit. An LSE spokesman iells 
me it had been made unequivo- 
cally clear to McCarthy that the 
im station still stands. 

When privilege provokes 

The new Labour leader of Cam- 
den council is to be Ken 
Livingstone's girl friend. Kate 
Alien, who was elected from a 
shortlist of three on Saturday. One 
of the first people she will meet at 
the town hall this morning will be 
the council's highly-paid policy 
adviser. John McDonnell —sack- 
ed as deputy GLC leader by the 
Labour group last March afer a 
spectacular fall-out with Living- 
stone. McDonnell publicly at- 
tacked Livingstone for betraying 
party policy in setting a legal rate. 
Livingstone, in turn, complained 
that McDonnell had "split the 
group, split the party, opened our 
flank to attack from the media, 
and set back the whole rate- 
capping campaign". So should 
McDonnell start looking for an- 
other job? Not at all. Livingstone 
told me yesterday. “John and I 
have been working well recently. 
Our mutual aims are more im- 
portant than our rows, and we 
have both been working towards a 
GLC in exile. You only have to 
look at the Wilson-Callaghan 
relationship to understand what 
I'm driving aL" 


I have always maintained that this 
country gets the House of Com- 
mons it deserves. The House 
reflects the public at large, not 
only, not even mainly, in the 
House's pany proportions, but in 
attitudes, understanding, charac- 
ter and intelligence. Those who 
select candidates for Parliament 
must, to a very great extent, pick 
people like themselves; bow could 
selection committees work other 
than by the unconscious recog- 
nition of the qualities with which 
they are most familiar? And with 
what qualities could they be more 
familiar than their own? 

Thus, there are drunks in the 
House of Commons because there 
are drunks in the country; scoun- 
drels there because scoundrels 
here; on the same basis adulterers, 
spies, bores, dog-lovers; sufferers 
from halitosis, amnesia or piles; 
fooi-feiishisis. wife-beaters and 
bastards; claustrophobics, hyster- 
ics and achromatopsies; even. I 
dare say. a psychopath or two. But 
there is no reason to believe that 
the proportion of any of these to 
the whole House of Commons is 
greater than in the country as a 
whole, and much evidence that it 
is dol 

Then why is it that the members 
of the House of Commons 
Committee of Privileges, what- 
ever they may be like as individ- 
uals, invariably make asses of 
themselves when they act collec- 
tively? Leave out the two mem- 
bers of the committee who are 

by Bernard Levin 

appointed ex officio — the Leader 
of the House (because such mat- 
ters dearly fall within bis 
responsibility) and the Attorney 
General pro tern (to ensure that 
justice shall at least be rendered 
incomprehensible and if possible 
excluded altogether from the 
proceedings) and glance down the 
list I know a good many of them; I 
have dined with some, taken wine 
with others, campaigned on mat- 
ters of mutual agreement with yet 
others, even played bridge with 
one. And 1 swear by the shade of 
Simon de Montfort that, token 
singly, they could not, would not, 
for their immortal souls dare not, 
put their hands to the 26 para- 
graphs of folly which compose the 
Report from the Committee of 
Privileges dealing with the pub- 
lication by this newspaper of the 
leaked draft report of the Select 
Committee on Radioactive 

I assume that my readers will 
have read at least the summaries 
of this business. Summarized even 
further, what happened was as 
follows. The leak led to a hunt for 
the “culprit”, in the course of 
which all the MPs on the select 
committee (the suggestion that the 
leak might have come from a 
member of the committee's staff 
can be safely ignored) were obliged 
to sign a document denying 
responsibility; all signed, at least 

one of them fraudulently. Because 
the select committee was embar- 
rassed by the presence of a gossip 
among their number, and even 
more embarrassed by their inabil- 
ity to discover and expose the 
leaker.the Committee of Privi- 
leges (with the honourable excep- 
tion of Anthony Wedgwood 
Bennk decided that the recipient 
of the leak, and the newspaper 
which employs him, should be 

And they do not know how the 
country jeers and laughs at them 
for it. My memory of privilege 
decisions goes back more than 30 
years, and I know of none which 
enhanced the dignity of Par- 
liament, much less the committee 
itself The most instructive, in this 
regard, was the Garry Aflighan 
case; it concerned an MP who had 
written an article revealing, to the 
surprise of nobody outside Par- 
liament itself, that some of his 
fellow MPS leaked stories for 
money. It subsequently transpired 
that he had himself done what he 
was waxing so indignant about, 
and he was expelled from the 
House. But it was very clear that 
he was expelled more for his 
indiscreet revelations than for his 
taking of bribes. 

And so exquisitely complete is 
the committee's unconsciousness 
of the absurdity of their entire 
proceedings that they handed 

down their jutfemenL condemn- 
ing an honest journalist and bis 
newspaper, for revealing matters 
relating to the dangers of radio- 
activity, while the whole world 
was still shaking with the implica- 
tions of the Chernobyl disaster. 
The judgment of the Committee 
of Privileges is based partly on 
their own pique [The Times had 
earlier published a leak from the 
Privileges Committee itself), part- 
ly on a vicarious sense of amour 
propre on behalf of their col- 
leagues on the select committee, 
partly on the frustration caused by 
their failure to find which MP had 
leaked the information, partly on 
their guilty knowledge that every 
constituent part of our political 
life is leakier than any colander in 
any kitchen and that the most 
comprehensively perforated is the 
Cabinet, and most of all on their 
underestimate of the lade of regard 
for them among the public and 
their misunderstanding of the 
causes of that lack. 

The Report of the Committee of 
Privileges is not itself final. The 
House of Commons has to accept 
or reject it. I trust that there are 
enough sensible men and women 
in the House, untainted by their 
colleagues’ madness, to reject it. 
While they are doing so. they 
might with advantage tell the 
Committee of Privileges to take 
itself less seriously, or behave 
itself more seriously. Or better 
still, both. 


.After Thursday's election results 
Tory MPs are thoroughly jittery. 
They are looking for someone to 
blame, and that someone is Nor- 
man Tebbit His political style and 
his management of Conservative 
Centra] Office are both under 

To some extent, this dem- 
onstrates the febrility of present- 
day Tory MPs; it seems 
alarmingly easy for waves of 
hysteria to sweep across the back 
benches. Only last summer, some 
of those now most vociferous in 
criticizing Tebbit regarded him as 
the one man who could save the 

Running Central Office is no 
easy task. The Tory party's oppo- 
nents have always ludicrously 
overrated its effectiveness. In fact, 
as party chairmen come and go, 
none has yet succeeded in creating 
a proper management structure to 
give focus to Central Office's 
activities. .Although there are 
some good people and some well- 
run departments, there is a great 
deal of dross and demoralization. 
There are occasional reshuffles, 
but Mr Bumble and Mrs Fumble, 
Sir Deadwood and Dame Derelict, 
Mr Witter and Miss Twitter 
somehow always survive them. 

Of late, this has become es- 
pecially serious because of the 
transformation of Labour HQ. 
Under Larry Whitty and the 
communications director, Peter 
Man del son. Walworth Road has 
ceased to be a political disaste r 
area. Indeed, unless Central Office 
is pulled round before the next 
election, the Labour machine, at 
least at the centre, will be in better 
shape than the Tory one for the 
first time since 1945. 

The slickness of Labour's recent 
"Freedom and Fairness” cam- 
paign, orchestrated by Mandelson, 
brought this home to many senior 
Tories. At present. Central Office 
does not have the ability to mount 
a similar co-ordinated and sys- 
tematic presentation of Conser- 
vative policies. The Tories are 
being out-Saatchi-ed, and the 
search is on for someone to put 
things righL 

Tebbit was well aware of these 
wealmesses before last Thursday 
but it has taken him longer than 
might have been expected to set 
about dealing with them. He has 
not yet stamped his authority on 
the party machine. One problem 
here is that he is an extremely bad 
butcher. His instinct is to treat 
those who work for him with 
kindness and consideration. His 
civil servants are always fiercely 
loyal to him. (The one criticism 
one bears is bis tendency to switch 
on Test match commentaries 
during briefing meetings). 

After the voting, Bruce Anderson reports 
on what’s wrong at Smith Square 

Why Tories too 
must feel 

the Tebbit lash 

Tebbit: slow off the mark — and now little time 

But some of Tebbit's more 
informed critics believe that how- 
ever favourably disposed he was 
towards civil servants, he needs to 
take a much tougher line at 
Central Office. They wish that in 
his dealings with the Smith Square 
staff be would try to live up more 
to the abrasive image he has 
acquired for his comments on the 
Labour Party. 

There is a problem here. In 
politics, it is a good idea to have 
nice men saying nasty things, and 
vice versa. That was always going 
to be the difficulty about the 
Tebbit chairmanship. In public at 
least, be is a hard man: he enjoys 
nothing better than going on the 
attack and laying into his political 

But those who are criticizing 
him for raucousness are not 

namby-pambies. Still less are they 
suggesting that there is no place in 
Tory propaganda for aztadcs on 
Labour. They just feel that Tebbit 
is getting the tone wrong, and that 
if the Tories try to claim that Neil 
Kinnock is a blend of Michael 
Foot and Benue Grant, this will 
help him to project himself in the 
mould of a Harold Wilson or 
James Callaghan. 

John Biffen in particular be- 
lieves that there was a danger of 
the electorate swallowing a false 
syllogism: the Tories say Labour is 
in the grip of extremists; this is not 
true; therefore Labour must have 
good policies. Biffen thinks that 

the Tories sbould be concentrating 

s of 

on the economic implications 
Labour’s policies for spending, 
taxation, and intervention, and on 
the damaging effect these would 

have on the nation's ec o nomic 

He points out that there is now a 
great deal of common ground 
between Labour and the Alli- 
ance — but that this gives the 
government its opportunity. It 
should be broadcasting its ach- 
ievements in controlling inflation 
and in spreading ownership while 
pointing out that its opponents 
stand only for another instalment 
of past failures. 

Of course, this disagreement 
between Biffen and Tebbit is 
another instalment of the radicals 
versus consolidators debate. The 
Prime Minister wants to bring all 
that tt an end by producing a new 
policy document which win re- 
state the fundamentals of Conser- 
vative policy and philosophy for 
the next few years. She remembers 
the success of a similar exercise — 
The Right Approach of 1976 — in 
resolving earlier disputes. The 
new version wQi attempt to soften 
the party's message on health, 
education, and pensions, taking 
the theme “Services, Yes, Waste. 
No”, while restating the basics of 
Thatcfaerite economics. 

However, a discreet but vig- 
orous argument is now taking 
place as to who should oversee 
this document. Tebbit naturally 
wants control; Mrs Thatcher is 
minded to entrust it to Leon 
Brittan. Tebbit believes this would 
indicate that the Prime Minister 
fades confidence in him. 

In addition, the next manifesto 
will inevitably draw heavily on 
this document Earlier this year, 
when Tebbit tried to assert sole 
control over the drafting of the 
manifesto, Mrs Thatcher rebuffed 
him. He feels that if he does not 
oversee the new document he may 
end up with no control at afl. 

This dispute will probably be 
resolved by the obvious com- 
promise, under which Brittan 
would do most of the drafting 
under Tebbit’s chairmanship. But 
the fact that this compromise has 
not yet been arrived at is indic- 
ative of the present strained 
relations between Mrs Tfaaicher 
and her party chairman. She 
thinks that be is not getting on 
with in he feds that she is not 
giving him enough support. 

The next three months are 
probably the most crucial period 
of Norman Tebbit's c hairman. 
ship. Even allowing for circum- 
stances, he has made a slower start 
than most observers expected. He 
is about to try to rectify that — and 
as there is no prospect of Mrs 
Thatcher replacing him, it is 
crucial for the Tones* prospects 
that he succeeds. 

• ©' 

Many winners, one loser, in Dhaka poll 


As the dust begins to settle after 
Bangladesh's violently contested 
general election it is possible to 
discern some of the real winners 
and losers. The most obvious 
winner is General Husain Muh- 
ammad Ershad, the chief martial 
law admini strator and Self-pTO- 
claizned president Despite the 
terror tactics and the ballot rigging 
so shamelessly inflicted on the 
electors, his regime has actually 
held elections, and the country 
will have a parliament. Ershad has 
thus established some kind of 
democratic credentials for him- 
self; democracy with defects, as' 
everyone will agree, is better than 
no democracy at all. 

Further, it seemed likely yes- 
terday that his Jatiyo party would 
command a majority m the new 
Assembly, despite the fact that it 
was formed only five months 
ago. The latest figures show that 
he might just fall short of an 
overall majority or might just 
achieve one after the re-polling 
ordered in 21 constituencies. He 
will not achieve the two-thirds 
majority needed to put through 
constitutional amendments, but 
he win certainly be able to add a 
number of independents to his 
party’s total. Twenty-four in- 
dependents have already been 
elected and there could be another 
six after re-polling: at least half of 
these, it is estimated, will side with 

A senior party figure told me at 
the weekend that six have alrady 
signed papers indicating thor 
support. A number of the indepen- 
dents are in feci disappointed 

Jatiyo men who were denied party 
endorsement at the time of 
nomination and who will certainly 
be available to the party now. 

A curiosity of the election in this 
overwhelmingly Muslim state is 
that the MPs will elect 30 women 
to join them. Given the antici- 
pated outcome, it seems certain 
that all 30 will be Jatiyo support- 
ers, so converting the govern- 
ment's majority from minimal to 

President Ershad told me last 
week that he would need only a 
simple majority in the Assembly 
to pass a bill turning the acts of the 
martial law regime into statutory 
faw. A number of constitutional 
authorities disagree and insist that 
those acts which changed the 
constitution will need to be treated 
as constitutional amendments. 
For this purpose Ershad may well 
be able to cajole sufficient support 
from the minor parties to get his 
two thirds majority. The Jammat- 
i-lslami and similar parties could 
no doubt be dragooned into his 
camp fora single occasion. “If that 
doesn't give us enough votes we 
shall buy the rest”, a Jatiyo leader 
cheerfully admitted. 

One martial faw regulation 
n eeding a two-thirds majority will 
be the decentralization of justice, 
which has brought , the courts 
closer tn the people. In this way 
ErshacTs assumption of power and 
his subsequent actions win be 
endorsed and he will be able to 
hold a presidential election to 
further consolidate his democratic 

Despite its apparent defeat at 
the .poDs, the Awami League, the 

Ershad: now for tin 
of martial law i 

main opposition party, has also 
achieved something. In the first 
place it is a major victory to have 
forced the military dictatorship to 
hold party-based elections at afl. 

Other lesser parties may also 
count their blessings. The Com- 
munist Party, for instants, which 
had not won a parliamentary seat 
since 1954, when East Bengal was 
part of Pakistan — and then only 
in one of the seats reserved for 
Hindus — now holds five. Its suc- 
cess may be attributed to two 
factors, first, because it fought in 
alliance with the Awami League 
and under the same symbol of a 
boat, it benefited from Awamfs 
built-in support in the country- 
side. Secondly, it was able to 
concentrate its workers in those 
seats allocated to it under the 
electoral alliance. 

The principal loser seems to be 
the Bangladesh Nationalist Party, 
led by Begum Khaleda Zia, widow 
of General Zia ur-Rahman. the 
assassinated former president. 
The BNP declined to enter the 
fray, partly perhaps because the 
government did not offer it suf- 
ficient funds and also because a 
number of its leaders have crim- 
inal convictions and were dis- 
barred from standing; the gov- 
ernment refused to offer them 
indulgence. As a result, the BNP 
has no seats in the new assembly. 

No matter how loudly the BNP 
may cry that the parliament is a 
sham, it has so far failed to 

Anne Sofer 

to canvas 

Last Christmas I was given a 
present which , has proved both 
useful and inspiring — a _ desk 
diary illustrated by magni ficent 
reproductions of details from 
Impressionist paintings. Left open 
by the telephone for use as an all- 
purpose shopping list, memo rad 
an d engagement record, it nas 
week by week record ed the bum- 
drummery of life opposite a 
fragment of the sublime, a piece of 
yellow Sisley sky. say, or a couple 
of startling Van Gogh, irises. 

By cruet chance, local election 
week featured a picture which 
could not have been more provoc- 
atively inappropriate. It was a 
detail of a painting by Berthe 
Morisot called “Under the Lilac 
Trees of Maurecourt". Every rime 

I came in — phoning in a press 
s minutes before dead- 

release five 
line, dashing off a last-minute 
leaflet, snatching a quick trite 
before an evening meeting — there 
it was, teasing me A tranquil 
female figure, in black dress and 
white bonnet, graceful hands 
working over a scrap of em- 
broidery, sits in a deep pool of 
shade under a tree. Nextto her are 
two little girls, square in their 
pinafores, with flushed chubby 
cheeks; behind them a brilliant 
sun-lit lawn splashed with daisies. 

It is a powerful evocation of a 
world of happy, domesticity, of 
long peaceful summer days in the 
gar den, as far removed as it is 
possible to be from the political 
hurly burfy. “What a fool you are" 
it kept saying. “ this is what life is 
really about". The only political 
demand one could imagine tins 
woman making would be that the 
country should somehow be, as 
the prayer book puts it, “Godly 
and quietly governed" wink her 
.tranquility is left undisturbed. 
Certainly an election canvasser, 
homing over the gam and shouting 
“Good morning marianr, I hope 
we can count on yam - support on 
Thursday", would jar the at- 
mosphere horribly. 

A further cause of menial 
uneasiness was that the whole 
pose, countenance and occupation 
of this woman conveyed w hat 
these days is condemned as gross 
sex stereotyping. There she sits, 
placidly sewing and minding the 
children. Looking thoroughly ab- 
sorbed and at peace with the 
world. can imagine the 
undermining effect on a modern 
political woman in mid-campaign. 

. But it has provoked me into 
finding out a link more about 
Berthe Morisot's life and works. 
She was born in 1841 into a 
comfortable professional, middk- 
ciass Parisian family. She studied 
with Corot, became a close friend 
■ of- Manet (whose - brother- she 
married) and later of .Renoir. 
Degas and the poet MaflannE. 
Most of her drawings and paint- 
ings are of women ami children: in 
particular there axe innumerable 
ciurcs of her datzgiier and 
vourite niece as they grew up 
together — mostly sketches cap- 
tured from daily life rather than 
posed portraits: children making 
mud pies and catching butterflies: 
playing the piano. Trading, dar- 
ting. Afl are full of maternal 

tenderness. Her private life, 
according to her biographers, was 
singularly undisturbed and calm. 

Yet the extraordinary thing is 

that her work caused a storm. One 
of her early drawing teachers was 
so alarmed by her talent that be 
took tor father aside and said: 

. “Your daughter cjH become a 
painter.. Do you realize what that • 
means? in your environment of 
the upper middle class this will be 
a revolution. { might almost say a 

In the 1870s rite exhibited with 
the other Impressionists in Paris: 
“five or six hmaiics. one of whom 
is a_ woman, a collection, of 
unfortunates tainted by the folly of 
ambition”, as they were described 
by the Figaro art critic. “What a 
terrifying spectacle is this of 
human vanity stretched to the 
verge of dementia - . . there is also 
a woman in the group, as is the 
case with all famous gangs. Her 
name is Berthe Morisot, and she is 
interesting to behold. In her 
feminine grace is preserved amidst 0 . 
the frenzy of a mind in delirium”. 

Seen in the context of contem- 
porary preoccupation, one would 
expect such a person — the only- 
woman in a man's world, exposed 
to this offensive sneering pscudo- 
gaflantry from the artistic est- 
ablishment — to be someth! ngof a 
feminist But her wort conveys no 
resentment at all of “women's 
lot". Rather the contrary. “The 
truth is that our value lies in 
feefing”, she wrote. “In intuition, 
in our vision that is subtler than 
that of men, and we can accom- 
plish a great deal provided that 
affectation, pedantry and senti- 
mentalism do not come to spoil 
everything." Who. these days. # 
would see these three particular 
dangers as the main obstacle to 
women’s achievement? 

She was luckv, of course, to be 
an anise: one of the few vocations 
to which women, however grudg- 
ingly. have always been given 
access. Yet her great charm is that 
even while she operated on equal 
terms with men she none the less 
drew her ins pi ra tion utmost en- 
tirely from the experience of 
women, working on that “subtler 
vision" without self-doubt or 
competitiveness. It is an enviable 
resolution oftht gender war that is 
difficult 7 to ‘ emulate in other 
spheres of activity. 

To those readers who were 
expecting from me this morning f 
an assessment of the = current 
political scene on the Monday 
after.! apologize. ( have calculated 
that only the most insatiable 
appetites wifl - not ha ve been 
gorged by the weekend media 
c o verage , and many case we wdll 

ail tojeturtriqgi&tt soon enough. 
Meanwhile-i commend to aH my 

weary fiflow. campaigners in aU 
political parties, female and male, 
successful and defeated, a browse 
through the drawings and letters of 
Berthe MorisoL “One dashes 
about and fosses" rire wrote to 
Maffaimfc "One no longer realizes 
fast nothing is more important in 
life than, a couple of hours 
stretched out on a hammock.” 

The author is a member of the SDP 
national council 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Strumming my 
old sitar 

People Who Do Very 
Unosoal Jobs Indeed. 
No 27: the man who chooses 
the music for Radio 4 
It is sometimes assumed that 
Radio 4 is all words, talk and drat, 
with never a note of music to be 
heard. But perceptive listeners 
may have noticed that a talk on, 
for instance, China, opens with a 
gong and a burst of Chinese music. 
Unperceptive listeners may have 
noticed the same. In fact all 
listeners, whatever their percep- 
tion level, must tave noticed the 
slight seismic shock caused by the 
Chinese gong-ho at the start of any 
rahune on China. 
ie man responsible is Barry 
Gram well. Musical Atmosphere 
Co-ordinator for Radio 4. What 
exactly does the title mean? 

“Like all BBC titles, absolutely 
nothing," grins Barry. “Basically 
my job is to wake up the listener 
with a jolt, give him a musical clue 

as to where we're going, then hit 

Secondly, even though the party 

mobilize mass support. The gfcn- 
' before 

was not allowed to win, i 
a large number of seats and its 
leaders will now be in a position of 
power and patronage. The Awami 
message was carried- to every 
corner of the country during the 
election campaign and will now be. 

eral strike which it called before 
the election was essentially a flop 
and it is suffering another round of 
repr ession. Most of the leadership 
is still in Dhaka's central jafl, 
despite the release of Begum Zia 
from bouse arrest. 

Michael Hamlyn 

him over the bead with a bit of 
music every three minutes to keep 
him awake. We have to cater for 
late joiners as welL 

Well, say someone has switch- 
ed on Radio 4 five minutes after a 
' programme has begun. And say 
the programme is based on 
reminiscences of old colonial 
hands from some far-flung part of 
the Empire, as most programmes 
seem to be the these days. Well, 
the listener warns to know im- 
mediately where he is being taken 

to. and T can do that by laving soft 

■- playing m the back- 
1 the interviews. If 
they are reminiscing about the 
West Indies, then FU have steel 
bands banging away. If ft’s a 
particularly dull programme. Til 
raise the volume and try and 
drown the speaker." 

Barry's knowledge of world 
music is encyclopaedic. In other 
words, he has got ft afl from an 
encyclopaedia, and it is pretty 
superficial. But he claims that a 
deep knowledge of music would 
only baffle the listener. 

“Ifa Scottish producer comes to 
ipe and wants intro music for a 
programme tin Penh, the clever ' 
thing to do would be to give him a 
snatch from Bizet’s ‘Fair Maid of 
PenhV The only snag- .is that 
nobody would recognize it. So I 

heard in parliament . ^ 

give him a snatch of a red. I'd 
probably give him the reel called 
‘The Duke and Duchess of Perth’, 
but that's an in-house joke. 

“Let's pretend you're a pro- 
ducer coming to me with a French 
documentary programme. Give 
me the subject of foe programme, 
and I’ll immediately tell you the 
music Td suggest. Go oil" 

“All righL A biography of 
General de Gaulle.” 

“French accordion music" 
“Paris in the Belle Epoque." 
“Accordion music" 

“The French economy under 
Mitterrand's government” 
"French accordion music! Yes, I 
know it sounds obvious, but 
believe me, that’s the only kind of 
French music the average listener 
recognizes. Ironically, accordion 
music is tending to lose popularity 
in France. I often wonder if we 
don’t have more of it on Radio 4 
than on French radio.” 

Doesn’t this all make Radio 4's 
musical intros a bit predictable? 

“To a certain extent yes, though 
there’s always room for a bit of ! 
playing around, like recently when 
programme on "French 
Indo-China. We introduced that 
with a Chinese gong — followed 
by French accordion music”. 

What about the tendency ' of 
programmes like Start the Week 
and Midweek to have guest mu- 
sicians who kick off the pro- 
gramme with a burst 'of live 

Barry's face darkened.“You 
mean, when there's a sort of 
wailing noise for hours and hours 
and Richard Baker then says. 
Today we have with us three 
yiS” P*ay musical saws? Or 
Libby Purves says. Here in the . 
studio we have the world's first “ 
massed rubber band ensemble? 
you re right — this is a pernicious 
development It totally baffles the 
l>*ener.I could understand it if 
they had accordionists or Chinese 

gong players, but ” 

His momentary depression 
Reared when a producer stuck his 
head in the door and said; “Barry, 
ive got a senes of talks coming up 
on nuclear tests in Arizona."."..! 

ferry leant over and jabbed a 
button. Banjo V fiddle bluegrass 
music filled the room. . 

No problem, old boy. fisBy 
when yon are.” 3 


■, i 

r i 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone; 01-481 4100 


politician HekLmJt rai J: tha » economics, Mr Biffen's 

SSSS a^ e ao »^ 

assufit r-*. - 

the truth and to have little 
persona] ambition. It is still 
remembered how in January 
1980 he promised the country 
‘three years of unparalleled 
\f austerity” when the party line 
was to be not quite so specific. 
His detached donnish manner 
his uncertain health during the 
years of opposition, his icono- 
clasm towards many a cher- 
ished Tory icon, have 
combined to keep him off the 
lists when MPs play “follow 
my leader”. 

He is, therefore, particularly 
beloved of those whose job it is 
to predict the country’s politi- 
cal fortunes. He is the pundits’ 
favourite. London Weekend 
Television’s Weekend World 
. were surely delighted that he 
f could appear to give his re- 
action to the Conservatives* 
rough ride at the polls. 

Nor did he disappoint. 
“Black Thursday” was his 
verdict. Mrs Thatcher would 
not be leading the party 
through the foil course of the 
next parliament: so a “bal- 
anced ticket” needed to be 
prepared. Did she have liabil- 
ities? “Oh yes”. History would 
judge Mrs Thatcher gen- 
erously, he generously opined. 

The country wanted some 
“calculated humility”. 

‘ Explanation was better than 
preaching. As for the target of a 
2SP income tax rate, that was 
merely “one marker" in the 
coming debate. As for public 
spending, more was needed on 
education, health and local 
authority services. In case any 
lunchtime viewer might be 
more susceptible to history 

. If the Prime Minister were 
in any doubt about the impact 
of last week's election results, 
this reaction from file Leader 
of the House of Commons 
should have removed it.' She 
has a real struggle ahead to 
reassert herself and hex poli- 
cies to the par liamentaria n s 
and the people at large who are 
now so dearly so nervous of 

That is not to say that all Mr 
Biffen’s prescriptions are 
wrong. Far from it As we 
commented in. our own re- 
action to the poll verdict on 
Saturday, the Prime Minister 
is not the best spokesman to 
present a “caring” policy bn 
education and health. Other 
voices will be better heard. But 
that is a long way from the 
concept of “a balanced ticket”, 
which sounds like a recipe for 
power-sharing, uncertainty 
and electoral catastrophe. 

Nor is his coded assault on 
Mr Norman Tebbit wholly to 
be rejected. The nation does 
not seem to believe Mr 
Tebbit*s charge that the La- 
bour Party is in thrall to 
militant extremists. The na- - 
tion may live to regret its trust 
in the smiling MrKinnock but 
Mr Tebbit’s oft-repeated 
preachings may not be the best 
way to dissuade it Mr ScaigilL 
like inflation, is down and not 
out But, as in so many areas, 
the Government has not suc- 
ceeded in finding a. voice that 
can both remind voters about 

past dangers and reassure 
them about future ones. . 

Mr Biffen made some good 
suggestions yesterday — es- 
pecially on the need for a 
determined identification of 
what the Conservative' Party 
really is and what its oppo- 
nents are not His stress on 
sound money and the wider 
-ownership of wealth is central. 
But they are the very issues 
that the Prime Minister has 
made her own. It is disingenu- 
ous to. suggest that “a balanced 
ticket” would do anything but 
obscure their darky. 

It has, therefore to be asked 
whether yesterday should 
trunk the end of Mr Biffen’s 
special status as Mr Frank 
Sincerity. The sum of bis 
remarks is that the Prime 
Minister should lead the party 
into the next election like 
some latter-day H Cid — a 
propped-up politician, needed 
only because time is too short 
to accustom the troops to a 
replacement It was always 
thought that if the time came 
for the Conservatives to de- 
mand a new tenant for 
Downing Street, Viscount 
Whitelaw would be the man to 
bear in the velvet cushion and 
the jewel-handled dagger. In- 
stead it was the Leader of the 
House of Commons, with a 
delayed-action poison pill in a 
cup of London Weekend cof- 

Before Mrs Thatcher begins 
the serious business of answer- 
ing the concerns expressed by 
the country last week, she 
should reject Mr Biffen’s gift. 
At the Conference of Scottish 
.Conservatives later this week 
she bas the chance to say that 
she has done so and why. 


Many voices will be raised this 
week to claim that the 
Hillsborough agreement, 
signed six months ago by the 
British and Irish governments, 
has foiled. On the evidence of 
those months alone, it would 
be easy to agree with that 
judgement. The two main 
Unionist parties have publicly 
withdrawn from- pofificai in- 
stitutions in' the provinceustil . 
the government agrees to sus- 
pend the agreement — a with- 
drawal confirmed this 
weekend when Dr Ian Paisley 
and Mr James Molyneux can- 
celled Tuesday's meeting with 
the Government The Royal 
Ulster Constabulary is under 
attack from loyalist extremists. 
There has been law-breaking, 
violence, and murder aplenty, 
and there are ominous signals 
that worse may yet come. 

A few small gains have 
indeed been registered. North- 
South security cooperation is 
improving. The February by- 
elections registered a shift 
away from Provisional Sinn 
Fein and towards the Social 
Democratic and Labour Party. 
The Republic has signed the 
European Convention on the 
Suppression of Terrorism. 
And the United States has 
pledged modest funds to help 
the battered local economy. 

But such a checklist omits 
the heart of the problem. The 
achievements and prospects 
for the agreement should be 
judged against the the protec- 
tion of democratic life from 
violence and the reconciliation 
of a divided community. Gov- 
ernments have wavered over 
the years between giving the 
one aim or the other the higher 
priority, since counter-terror- 
ist policy has often obstructed 

the work of. reconciling one 
community to another. The 
Hillsborough agreement com- 
bines these aims in a fresh 

. Reconciliation between 
communities is only posssible 
when compromises, can be 
reached free from the threat of 
violence. In current practical 
tenns mTrdand,-the next stage 
of that Tong Irani inyritves a 
closer alignment of the se- 
curity and judicial machinery 
on. either side of the border. 
There is a common enemy and 
there must be common ground 
on which allies can meet. 

The diplomacy of the agree- 
ment also involved realpolitik. 
Both governments could well 
admit that Britain needs se- 
curity assistance from the 
Republic; the Republic’s gov- 
ernment does not need the 
political unpopularity of 
extending such assistance fur- 
ther. A reciprocal concession 
has therefore been made in 
allowing the Republic an 
opportunity to represent the 
Roman Catholic minority in 
the north. 

But the precise form of the. 
agreement takes prodigious’ 
risks. It has allowed this 
concession without any resid- 
ual pressure on the Republic to 
abandon its constitutional- 
claim to the north, and there is 
no leverage on the SDLP to 
encourage it to engage in 
serious negotiation over de- 
volved government in Belfast. 
Every concession to national- 
ism thus runs the risk that it 
will be matched not by com- 
promise, but by further de- 
mands for reunification, and 
nothing less.' It also risks a 
long-term boycott by the 
unionist community. 

Unionists ' fear the im- 
position of a secret diplomatic 
process with influence over life 
m Northern Ireland. Read in 
that- way, the agreement marks 
a step towards a gradual 
unification of Ireland without 
the permission of the majority 
in the north. But no agreement 
of this kind which- was nego- 
tiated entirely in the open 
would have ever survived the 
veto of extremists. Diplomatic 
privacy, frequently punctured 
by newspaper leaks, does not 
amount to conspiracy. The 
agreement was, after all, 
“imposed" by a government 
accountable to. Parliament 
which could scrutinise its 
workings more effectively if 
Unionist MPs would partici- 
pate in that scrutiny. 

Despite the public intransi- 
gence of the top ..Unionist 
leadership, there have been 
.‘welcome signs that at least 
some unionist leaders are now 
.more prepared to consider 
sharing local power without 
rigidly insisting on the 
cancellation of the agreement 
as a precondition for talks. But 
a number of new voices have 
also called for a unionist 
campaign in favour of North- 
ern Ireland’s full integration 
into the United Kingdom. 

Unionist politicians are 
clearly still undecided — that is 
one reason for the withdrawal 
of Dr Paisley and Mr 
Molyneux.- If they deride to 
negotiate alongside the agree- 
ment, they will be in the 
st ron ges t position to extract 
concessions from Whitehall. 
But if they deckle to pursue j 
integration, the government 
will have to teU them that it is 
not on the political agenda and 
brace itself for the con- 


rw c\f the few facts that tained similar permission dnr- 
d&WKT*- mg the FaMands War. 

history is that Portugal is Nine Portuguese Idngs have 

Britain's oldest afly. 5 k him- been Knights of the Garter, 
dred years ago Kings Richard The dose political relationship 

U nf England and John l ot this suggests was underlined 

Portugal put thrir signatures to jaat year when both the Queen 

the Treaty of Windsor, wnt- ^ Mrs. Thatcher visited 
ten in Latin on sheepskin t ishnn. Commercially, Por- 
parchment, its 13 articles tugal sends £690m worth of 
pledged political commercial exports to Britain in return for 
and military cooperation oe- £ 44 ^ worth of British goods, 
tween the two countries. There ^ no lack of benefits for 
following a crucial battlei in the nations to reflect on as 

previous year when Bntisn president Mario Soares and 
archers had played a projn- Lisbon Prime Minister 

inent part in Portugal s ngni s^hor Anibal Cavaco Silva 
for independence from Spain. j 0 jn the Queen for a service of 

* thanksgiving at the Chapel 

mined similar permission dnr- are indicators of a country 
ing the Fafldands War. whose fortunes are slowly 

been Knights of the Garter, prices and the declining doDar. 
^do^hti^refehonslup SditcanalsolooTfohvanlto 
this suggests was underimed ^ from ^ Community’s 
laaty^ wfam both the development funds for fong 

overdue improvements to the 
^“senST^^ortT of 

There is no lack of benefit S 
both nations to reflect on as 

Only once since then have 
the two nations nearly come to 
blows - during the 1890s id 
Africa when Portugal, anxious 
to link up «s colonies “ 
Angola and Mozambique ran 
into Britain’s imperial 
progress from Cairo to the 
Cape. In the First WorMWar 
Portuguese troops fought on 

Western fronL ln the 
Second. Usbon aUo^d “* * 
the Azores , by Britain. Mra- 
Thatchers government oo- 

Royal Windsor today. 

A decade after the demo- 
cratic revolution, Portugal has 
reentered the Western Euro- 
pean mainstream, albeit as the 
poorest nation in the Euro- 
pean Community. But foreign 
investment has been rising- An 
economic growth rate which is. 
expected loitach four percent 
this year and a fillup leveTof 
inflation — dowqfrom.30.per 
cent to 19 percent last year - 

prices and the declining dollar. 
And it can also look forward to 
.help from the Community’s 
development funds for long 
overdue improvements to the 
national infrastructure. . . 

Portugal needs time, but at 
least it has won some already. 
Its industry has seven years 
before other Community 
countries are allowed free ac- 
cess to Portuguese markets. Its 
inefficient agricultural sector 
has a 10 year transitional 
period. And the government 
does not have to start 
contributing to the Commu- 
nity budget until 199L This 
should allow Lisbon to prepare 
to withstand the challenge 
from Madrid. It is probably in 
a stronger position to with- 
stand that threat now. titan it 
has been for many a year. But 
it will still need Mends in the 
Community and- the oldest 
alliance maytyet have a role to 

play, - 

- Anzus’s ‘little 
local difficulty’ 

re From Miss R. P. Heath 

Sir, Your leading article (May 2) 
id which accuses New Zealand of 
s_ elevating her non-nuclear policy 
a to the level of caprice is surely 
extraordinary for the blunt 
" .insensitivity of its timing? Even 
Y more remarkably, it was printed 
immediately below a leader con- 
n cerned with the Chernobyl disas- 
ar ter. 

j. You assume as a premise that 
$ New Zealand’s anti-nuclear view 
^ is a purely additndinal gesture. 

Thus, to insist on such a policy 
j absolutely, you say, “combines 
a eccentricity with indulgence”. On 
>t the contrary — since the policy is 
entirely pragmatic, even if its 
d support in some quarters becomes 

d emotional it is valueless as a 
s decision unless its effect in prac- 
1 . tice is indeed absolute. The policy 
is not aimed at self-expression, but 
5 at real-world result 
e The serious pollution shadow 
y from the Russian disaster is a little 

e larger than the United Kingdom, 
a ' So is New Zealand. One such 
j disaster could terminate the 

. promising life of a young country. 

In the circumstances — which 
a you point out — that New Zealand 
s has no need for nuclear power or 
5 nuclear weapons, is ft not ca- 

- pncioustoaskhertoacoeptsucha 

r risk for the sake of principle alone, 
t and then to react so touchily 

, when, with the best possible 

1 manners, she declines? 

1 Yours faithfully, 

‘ R. P. HEATH, 

- 6 St Leonard’s Terrace, SW3. 

1 May 3. 

1 From the High Commissioner for 

’ New Zealand 

Sir, The third leader you pub- 
» fished on May 2, under the title 

. “Anzus’s little local difficulty”, 

f included two errors about the 

. policy of the New Zealand Gov- 

' eminent on nuclear ship visits. 

The first is the implication that 
1 my Government is asking the 

United States and the United 
L Kingdom to declare whether or 

not one of fts vessels is carrying 
nuclear weapons. The Bin that is 
now before Parliament makes 
dear that the Prime Minister of 
New Zealand will decide whether 
a ship, that seeks to visit a New 
Zealand port is carrying nudear 
weapons, and bis decision will be 
based on New Zealand sources. 

The second error is the state- 
ment that the proposed legislation 
will enshrine the anti-nuclear 
policy in the country’s Constitu- 
tion. New Zealand does not have a 
written Constitution. The New 
Zealand Nudear Free Zone, 
Disarmament, and Anns Control 
Bill when passed, w ill become 
part of theiiody of New Zealand 
aw. as does any other piece of 
legislation passed by Parliament. 

You say that a collision on the 
issue is avoidable. Errors of this 
kind do not help to avoid one. 

Yours faithfully, 


New Zealand High Commission, 
Haymarket, SWl. 

■ May 6 . 

Brain drain 

From Mr Adrian Brasnett 
Sir, 1 was surprised to read in your 
report in today's Times (May 2) 
about the brain drain feeing 
British universities that you quote 
.the figure of £7,000 to £8,000 as 
the range of salaries for graduates 
entering academic posts. This is a 
very selective figure, based upon 
the salaries of those few graduates 
who obtain posts as research 
assistants, a job that involves 
departmental duties as weS as 
time to research for a higher 
. degree. 

The majority of graduates who 
start an academic career do so as 
-postgraduate students with a re- 
search council grant, currently 
worth £2,665 pa (£3,265 in Lon- 
don). This sum is calculated by 
multiplying up the value of a local 
education authority grant for 
undergraduates to cover a whole 
year, an amount which has been 
declining steadily .in real terms 
ova- the last few years, at a time 
when talented graduates have 
been commanding increasingly 
high salaries in other sectors. 

For postgraduates such as my- 
self and most of my colleagues the 
experience of living on such a 
pittance has made us acutely 
aware of the prospects we fece 
should we seek to continue our 
academic careers in this country, 
and it is certain that many of us 
Will be joining the brain drain out 
of the universities as soon as we 
complete our PhDs. 

Unless the research council 
grams are more closely linked to 
the salaries of other graduates 
there will be increasingly little 
attraction for graduates to even 
consider starting an academic , 

Yours faithfully, 


26 Friars Mead, \ 

Manchester Road, E14. 

Single European Act 

Sir, You recently published a letter 
. (May 6 ) from Mr Peter Horsfield, 
QC and MrLeolin Price, QC. The 
heading you gave it, “Prospect of a 
European super-state,” neatly 
encapsulates the misapprehen- 
sions with which the authors 
frighten themselves and seek to 
frighten your readers. There is no 
such prospect It is absurd to think 
that the Prime Minister of all 
people would entertain one: t 

Rather, the Single European 1 

Act, which she agreed in Luxem- I 
bouig let December and which b < 
now being par to Parliament for 1 
approval introduces some limited i 

changes to the Treaty of Rome to j 

Maintaining loyalty to the Union 

From Professor Emeritus Thomas party — which may soon 
Wilson. FBA forming a new government — P 

Sir, Neither the disagreeable 
rhetoric of the Paisley: tes nor the 
indefensible violence should con- 
ceal the feet that many persons of 
moderate outlook in Northern 
Ireland feel affronted by tire 
Anglo-Irish Agreement, so insen- 
sitively imposed upon them. 
Some recent visits have left me in 
no doubt on that score. 

Loyalty to the Union cannot 
require tire unquestioning accep- 
tance even of a measure that will 
it is feared, gradually undermine 
the basis of that Union. Its 
supporters, wbo include many 
Catholics, have a right to express 
their concern. 

The guarantee of self- 
determination has been depre- 
ciated by the feet that the Republic 
is already there, able to exert its 
influence over the whole range of 
Ulster affairs at secret conferences 
from which all Ulster repre- 
sentatives are excluded. Even if 
there were to be a new Assembly, 
these conferences would still deal 
with npn-devolved matters, 
including security and the admin- 
istration of justice. With local 
people still excluded, this would 
be a recipe for alienation. A 
change is required. 

In order to understand the 
response to the guarantee, it must 
also be recalled that Ulster is 
already claimed to be, de hire, part 
of the Republic by Article 2 of its 
Constitution without regard for 
the wishes of its inhabitants. An 
appeal was made to this article by 
Hanna Fail in attacking the 
guarantee in the Dail where the 
Agreement was finally supported 
by only 88 votes to 75 last 

At the recent conference of this 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Dr J. C. Williams 
Sir, The news that helicopters 
have been used to drop sand, lead 
and boron- into the damaged 
nuclear reactor at Chernobyl 
would seem to imply that the 
installation did not include ade- 
quate safety precautions. A fire 
depressant and a neutron ab- 
sorber, both usually in the form of 
powdered materials, should be 
available on the site of a nudear 
reactor, with provison for blowing 
them into the reactor in an 

In particular the reaction should 
be stopped by flooding the reactor 
with powdered boron carbide if 
there is a danger that the reactor 
will go out of control In the case 
of the Chernobyl reactor the rise in 
pressure should have been used to 

GCSE standards 

From the Headmaster of Derby 

Sir, Your correspondent, Mr 
RJ.Anderson (May 7), is some- 
what rash m drawing conclusions 
about GCSE standards from four 
sample questions from mathemat- 
ics papers. 

Considerable research has been 
undertaken into the requirements 
oftbe “users” - employers, further 
and higher education - of a 
mathematics qualification at 16-*-. 
In particular the Cockcroft report. 
Mathematics Counts (!982),.went 
very thoroughly into this question. 
Recommendations from the re- 
port form much of the GCSE 
criteria for mathematics and will, 
therefore, be incorporated in all 
courses leading to the new 

The examples quoted in your 
Spectrum artide (April 25) were 
from papers set for three different 
levels of attainment They are only 
typical in the sense mat they 
illustrate a different approach. 
They obviously do not represent 
the range of the syllabus for the 
courses nor the range of question 
length and complexity. These 
examinations attempt to find out 
what the candidate knows, not 
catch them out The application of 
mathematics is tested in realistic 
contexts to encourage a problem- 
solving approach. 

On the contrary 

From Dr Huw Griffiths 
Sir, As a retired general prac- 
titioner, I was most interested in 
Dr Richard Griffiths’s letter today 
(May 7) — no relation to me as for 
as 1 know). 

My mother and father came 
from the heart of what used to be 
Carmarthenshire and Cardigan- 
shire. When l have been back to 

ages on the tombstones have been 
those of early childhood, or of 
those surviving into their eighties 
or nineties. 

They literally lived off the fat of 
the land, and they were proud of 
the dairy produce they consumed 
(the Welsh bacon of the time was 
almost solid fet with only a streak 

improve the effectiveness of the 
European Community. 

In particular, and most help- 
fully for the achievement of 
British objectives in Europe, ft 
includes a commitment to break 
down by 1992 the barriers which 
still prevent British exports from 
taking full advantage of the huge 
European market, and it provides 
the means in achieve this objec- 
tive by specifying that votes in this 
area will, in future, be taken tty 
majority rather than tty unanim- 

We send nearly half of our 
exports to the European Commu- 
nity but a true common market in 
goods and se vices does not yet 
exist. This means that we cannot 
freely provide the financial and 

insurance services in which we are 

market leaders; that our exporters 

party — which may soon be 
forming a new government — Mr 
Haughey demanded once more 
the convening of a constitutional 
conference to establish “a political 
entity which would embrace the 
whole island of Ireland” This 
attitude contributes nothing to 
goodwill and reconciliation. 

The British Government, for its 
part, should have stressed initially 
the need for full all-party support 
in the Dai!. It should also have 
insisted that no agreement of this 
kind could become effective until 
the Republic had altered its 
Constitution. In the event this 
issue, fudged in Dublin with such 
unhappy consequences for power- 
sharing in 1973/74, is being 
fudged again. 

Even at this stage it would be 
entirely proper for our own Gov- 
ernment to point out that the 
replacement of Article 2 — perhaps 
along the less imperialistic lines 
suggested by an all-party commit- 
tee in tbe Republic in 1967 — is 
one of the conditions necessary for 
the survival of the Agreement as 
an acceptable and workable mea- 

Our standing abroad should not 
be damaged by thus asking for no 
more than is required by a 
minimum regard for consistency. 
A demarche of this kind would 
help to reassure tbe North by 
showing that the promise of self- 
determination is backed tty seri- 
ous intention. 

Yours faithfully, 


1 Chatford House, 

The Promenade, 




May 7. 

bring about this flooding before 
the container was ruptured. 

Can we have assurances from 
the appropriate authorities that 
every nuclear reactor in this 
country is provided with adequate 
arrangements for suppressing the 
nudear reaction and fighting fires; 
and that the installations for the 
storage and movement of the 
powders used for these purposes 
have been properly designed so as 
to guarantee the introduction of 
these materials into the reactor in 
time to reduce the severity of the 
consequences of an aeddent? 
Yours faithfully. 


University of Bradford, 
Postgraduate School of 
Studies in Powder Technology, 
Bradford, West Yorkshire. 

May 6 . 

What is dearly demonstrated by 
Mr Anderson’s letter is the im- 
portance of the education of 
GCSE “users”. More than 20 years 
after the introduction of CSE 
some employers still do not 
understand it This must not be 
allowed to happen this time and it 
is to be hoped that a comprehen- 
sive programme for public 
information is undertaken. 

Yours faithfully, 

B. D. SEAGERJHeadmaster, 
Derby School, 

Moorway Lane, 

Littleover, Derby. 

How long, O Lord? 

From the General Secretary of the 
Guild of Church Musicians 

Sir, I hope that your recent 
correspondents are not complain- 
ing about the length of the 
concluding voluntaries at choral 
evensong broadcasts. 

After many years of “cutting 
off" the voluntary after perhaps a 
minute, it is gratifying to church 
musicians and others who appre- 
ciate such things that the BBC now 
appears to consider the piece to be 
part of the whole act of worship, 
which indeed it is. and tbeoiganisi 
is allowed to play it to the end. 
Yours faithfully, 


General Secretary, 

Guild of Church Musicians, 

Hill brow, Godstone Road, 
Bletchingley. Surrey. 

of lean in the centre). They ate 
their food wrtb the conviction that 
it would make them healthy and 

Youts truly, 



St Anne's Close; 


Swansea, West Glamorgan. 

From Miss Enid Lakeman 
Sir, Dr Griffiths (May 7) might 
find the bint of an answer to his 
puzzle if be counted the vegetari- 
ans among octogenarians and 
nonogenarians who are still lead- 
ing independent fives without 
need of an old people's home. 
Yours faithfully, 


37 Culverden Avenue, 

Tunbridge Wells. Kem. 

May 7. 

still have to surmount costly 
administrative hurdles and that 
price fixing cartels still keep the 
level of air feres artificially Inch. 

Tbe Treaty ofRome is nearly 30 
years okL The Single European 
An brings ft up to date. It will help 
the Community make itself 
competitive in the new technol- 
ogies. It will make the Community 
relevant 10 people who want to see 
a more open market for our 
exports, cheaper air feres and 
opporTuniteis for jobs. That is 
what the Single European Act, in 
reality, is all about That is why 
the House of Commons voted 2:1 
in its favour on its second reading 
two weeks ago. 

Yours faithfully, 


. House of Commons. 

May 9. 


MAY 12 1812 

Spencer Perceval (1762-J812) 
succeeded the Duke of Portland as 
prime minister in October. 1809. 

His assassin was a bankrupt 
named John Bellingham whose 
plea of insanity was rejected and 
who was hanged on May 18. The 
cry of “Burden for ever " refers to 
that MP's arrest which Perceval 
had authorized when he was 
attorney-general CVn this Day", 
April m 


. . . Mr. PERCEVAL was mur- 
dered yesterday afternoon on his 
entrance into the lobby of the 
House of Commons. The following 
are such other particulars as 
acquire an interest from the fatal 
catastrophe with which they are 
connected. - - 

About a quarter past five Mr. 
PERCEVAL was entering the 
Lobby of the House of Commons, 
where a number of persons were 
w inding , when a who had a 
short time previously placed him- 
self in tbe recess of the door-way 
within the Lobby, drew out a small 
pistol, and shot Mr. PERCEVAL 
in the lower part of the left breast. 
The ball is supposed to have 
entered the heart. Mr. PERCE- 
VAL moved forwards a few falter- 
ing steps, nearly half way up the 
lobby, and was in the act of felling, 
when some persons slept forward 
and caught him. He was immedi- 
ately carried to the room of the 
SPEAKER’S Secretary, to the left . 
of tbe lobby, by Mr. W. SMITH,, 
Mr. BRADSHAW and another 
Gentleman. Mr. LYNN, the Sur- 
geon, in Parliament-street, was 
immediately sent for but on 
examining the wound, he consid- 
ered the case utterly hopeless. All 
that escaped Mr. PERCEVAL’s 
Ups previously to felling in the 
lobby, was “murder." or 
“murdered." He said no mote 
afterwards. He expired in about ten 
or twelve minutes after receiving 
the fetal wound. Several Members 
of both Houses of Parliament went 
into the room, while he was dying: 
among others, his brother. Lord 
ARDEN all of them appeared 
greatly agitated- There was very 
little effusion of blood from the 
wound, externally. His body was 
subsequently removed into the 
SPEAKER'S House. Lord FRAN- 
OSSULSTON, and some others, 
were crossing the lobby at the 
moment of MHwinuto n . and 

were very near to Mr. PERCE- 
VAL. The deed was perpetrated so 
suddenly, that the man who fired 
the pistol was not instantly recog- 
nized by those in foe lobby but a 
person passing at the moment 
behind Mr. PERCEVAL seized the 
pistol, (which was a very small one) 
from the hand of the assassin, who 
retired towards a bench to foe left; 
be surrendered it without any 
resistance. Mr. GOODIFF. an 
Officer of tbe House, took hold of 
him. and asked if be were the 
villain who shot foe Minister. He 
replied. “I am the unhappy mam" 
but appeared quite undisturbed. It 
is said, that he added something 
about the want of redress of 
grievances from Ministers; but if 
he did say so, it was heard by very 
few. On searching him. a few 
pounds were found in his pockets, 
and some printed papers, copies of 
which he is said to have previously 
distributed among Members. He 
was taken to the bar of the House 
of Commons, and identified as tbe 
assassin. Another pistol, similar to 
that which be had fired, was taken 

from bis pocket in the House 

After an examination of various 
witnesses, among whom were 
tbe Officers of the House, and 
several strangers, the man was folly 
committed to Newgate for trial. A 
hackney-coach was brought to the 
iron gates in Lower Palace-yard, 
but the crowd, which was at first 
composed of decent people, had 
been gradually swelled by a con- 
course of pick-pockets and foe 
lower orders, who mounted the 
coach, and were so exceedingly 
troublesome and even dangerous, 
that it was not deemed advisable to 
send him to Newgate in tbe 
manner intended. We heard with 
pain, repeated shouts of applause 
from foe ignorant or depraved part 
of foe crowd, as if they woe hailing 
some oppressed but innocent vic- 
tim; some of whom even mixed 
with their shouts, the cry of 
“Burdett for ever!” and attempted 
to open the opposite door of the 
coach, as if to give the murderer an 
opportunity of escape. A party of 
Life Guards arrived about this 
time, and formed a semicircle in 
Lower Palace-yard, fay which foe 
mob were kept more at a distance. 

It was however, thought more 
prudent to send him away by 
another outlet, and so avoid all 
confusion. He was therefore taken 
out by tbe Speaker’s entrance, and 
conveyed to Newgate. His name is 
Bellingham. He has been engaged 
in mercantile concerns at Liver- 
pool. and was recognised by Gener- 
als TARLETON and 
GASCOYNE, the Members for 
that place- He is about 5 feet 9 or 10 
inches in height, with rather a thin 
visage, a nose somewhat aquiline, 
and of genteel appearance. He has 
been a good dad about foe House 
of Commons during these few 
weeks, and dined several times in 
the coffee-room. . . . 

Long stretch 

From Mr J. Stephen Blackburn* 
Sir. This week a patient of mine 
asked for a new corset He was 
prescribed his previous corset ai 
the age of 18 following a back 
injury and bas worn this same 
corset almost continuously for the 
last 58 years. 1 wonder if this is a 
record of longevity for a surgical 

Yours faithfully. 


57 Myddeltoo Park, N20. 

May 5. 

1 busir 

txi in 
jo the 
bed of 
00 . 








d says 
1 from 
oi wants 
— T * 

8 H I jjj I S'fHrt^affassrB-ffMB' o^o. 





Clifford Longley 

PROF. R. M. 

Be ginnin gs of British Islmn Studies ofthe legal processes 

c y ■ «r 1 :-«- 9H> 



May M: By command of The 
Queen, the Viscount Long 
(Lord-in -Wailing) was present 
at Heathrow Airport. London 
this afternoon upon the arrival 
ofThe Presidcn t of the Republic 
of Portugal and Scnhora Soares 
and welcomed Their Ex- 
cellencies on behalf of Her 

May 10: The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon, as Cok>- 
nel-in-Chief I5ih/19th The 
King's Royal Hussars, was 
present this' morning when the 
Regiment and the Northumber- 
land Hussars exercised the Free- 
dom of the City of Newcastle- 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived on arrival in the City by 
Her Majesty's Lord Lieutenant 
for Tyne and Wear (Sir Ralph 

The Princess Margaret. 
Countess of Snowdon sub- 

Muslim votes may have been lost by 
i — — the Conservatives as a result of the 

sequcntly was entertained to American raid on Libya from British 
luncheon at the Mansion House bases. By all accounts Muslims are 
by the Lord Mayor of the City of united in deploring the incident, oat of a 
N^x^tle-upoD-Tyne (Coun- sense oflslamic solidarity. While most 

of thorn probably favour Labour any- 
way. *11 the parties have to 1 real themas 
Ranks Dinner and fiance given potentially persuadable, for in some 
by lSth/l9th The King's Royal marginal wards their influence will be 
Hussars and The North umber- decisive. 

LS*™ tw Cen " They represent disparate nationality 
GIeS?oMCT was in BnmPf and various sections of Islam, 
attendance varied even to the ex tent ofhavmg some 

YORK HOUSE difficulty deciding among themselves 

ST JAMES'S PALACE exactly when Ramadan should begin - it 

May 10: The Duchess of Kent was eventually deemed to start last 
was present at the Final of the Friday night. Most British Muslims are 
Football .Association's (Thai- Asian not Middle Eastern in origin; but 
lettge CupCompetition at Wem- the very feci of this cosmopolitan make- 
ble y S tadi u m ih 1 s afternoon. up emphasizes the concept of Islam as 

HcndCTSQ w an international fraternity transcending 
May 11: The Duke of Kent 

arrived at Heathrow Airport, whether Middle astern or non Jeya me 
London, this morning from anti-Zionist, whether Middle Easte n) or 
Bombay. not, pro-Libyan in the present context. 

A memorial service for Sir Miles They are also increasingly ^conscious 

Clifford will be held in the of themselves as British. The beginnings 
Chapel of the Order of the of a national infra-structure are emerg- 
British Empire. St Paul’s Caihe- ing with a web of organizations coflect- 
draJ. tomorrow at noon. ine and feedine information and 

the use of American bases against Libya 
the present Government would have 
been foolish .not to have taken the 
British Muslim factor into account. 

In the transformation from disparate 
Muslim communities and identities to a 
sense of real unity the principle hurdle 
lies ahead: the transmission of the faith 
to the next. British-born, generation. 
Just as British Jews no longer concern 
themselves much with whether their 

..The ..synagogue and its .attendant, 
organizations, and die Catholic parish 
church and Catholic school, in their 
own way constituted a private world, a 
half-way house between tire .two cul- 
tures, native and immigrant. Ii is from 
the security of that achievement that 
those communities have been able; in 
living memory, to take the further step 
of forging a distinctly British Judaism 
ami a distinctly British Catholicism, 

great grandfathers came frcou Poland or fully jpartitipating in national life, 
Russia so British Muslims of the.' including political life, on equal terms. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Dr GJN. Fuller 
and Miss C. Simpson 
The engagement is announced 
between Geraint, son of Mr and 
Mrs Alan Fuller, of Barnes. 
London, and Cberith. daughter 
of Dr and Mrs Robert Simpson, 
ofCraigbiUv. Ballymena. North- 
ern Ireland. 

Mr C.J. Arnbeim 
and Miss SA. Phillips 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, elder son 
of Mr and Mrs R. Arnheim, of 
South Zeal. Devon, and Sarah, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs S. 
Phillips, of Pens Wood, Kent 

Mr R. Berks 
and Miss &A- Kingston 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, son of the late 
Mr T. Berfca and of Mrs S. 
Berks, of Cotiinglrv. West 
Yorkshire, and Sarah, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs D. J. 
Kingston, of Ascot, Berkshire. 

Mr D.AJL Dean 
and Miss C-A. Pearson 
The engagement is announced 
between David, only son of 
Commander and Mrs R. A. A. 
Dean, of Corsley. Wiltshire, and 
Carole, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J. C Pearson, of 
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire. 

MrS-G. Durkin 
and Miss E. Osselton 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon George, youn- 

g st son of Mr and Mrs Brian 
uritin, of Great Ayton. North 
Yorkshire, and Elizabeth, sec- 
ond daughter of Professor and 
Mrs Nod Osselton. of Durham, 
and the Hague. 

Mr RJ. Freeborn 
and Miss J-A. Hemery 
The engagement is announced 
between Robert John, youngest 
son of Dr and Mrs J. Freeborn, 
of Chimneys. Sheridan Road. 
Merton Park, and Jennifer 
Anna, youngest daughter of Mr 
and Mrs M. C. 6 . Hemery, of 
Henmead HalL Cuckfield, West 

dral, tomorrow at noon. ing and feeding information and 

• attitudes round the British Muslim 

T marriages bloodstream. Several groups claim to 

m i w r«,rt 0 speak for the whole, with varying 

and Mte^Wiggtasworfo degrees of efficiency and plwnUfe 
The engagement ^announced but Islam is not essentially a hierarchi- 
between Lester, son of Mr and cal religion and it is sttll too soon to 
Mrs J. A. Gram, of Tauranga. speak of a national Muslim movement 
New Zealand, and Sarah, youn- or leadership with all that that would 
gen daughter of Dr and Mrs R. imply. There is nothing nearly as 
Wiggieswonh. of Cranford, sophisticated as the Board of Deputies 
Northamptonshire. of British Jews: nothing as substantial as 

Mr CP. Jones the Jewish vote. 

nf>imrP d But it is only a matter of time. While 
Sween^Sipher. ddT£!! the exact size of the Muslim Population 
of Mr PhUip Jones, CB. and Mrs is a matter of guesswork, there could be 
Jones, of The Grange, a million or more Muslim voters by the 
Coll ingbou rue Kingston. Wilt- end of the century. Historians may find 
shire, and Helen, daughter of Mr that the moment when they began to 
and Mrs Donald Shelley, of became a significant factor in the 

SifAlfJuk; Grange * Sl0ne ’ formation of British foreign policy was 
Staffordshire. 1986. In weighing the political cost of 

twenty-first century may not be sure if 
their origins were Pakistan or Bengal 

The majority of British Muslims are 
of course first generation immigrants 
still with their British-born children 
just beginning to arrive at adulthood, 
what their young people feel and think 
is largely uncharted territory. 'Such 
indications as there are suggest that 
their religious faith Ires become a badge 
of identity and of psychological protec- 
tion against racialism and anti-Islamic 
prejudice, of which there is a good deal 
in the native British. To that extent the 
chauvinism of the native British has 
done Islam a favour, by unwittingly 
helping the transmission of the faith 
over tire first and most- important 
generation gap. British-born Muslims, 
when they come of age, are likely to 
prove for more homogeneous, having 
all been through the British state 
education system. Then, politically, 
they will be a force to be reckoned with. 

The test of a successful transition to a 
truly indigenous Muslim presence in 
Britain is likely to be still farther ahead - 
whether British-born, British edneatrri 
Muslims grow up ana marry according 
to Islamic law, and whether they raise 
their children in turn as Muslims. In the 
case of the two most notable immigra- 
tions in the recent past by a distinct 
religions minority in - Irish Catholics, 
and mid-European Jews- this process of 
adaptation was achieved by means of an 
intermediate stage, the establishment of 
stable community life of a rather self- 
contained son in a land of emotional 
and social ghetto. 

Mr Lie Due 
and Miss A. Hutchings 
The engagement is announced 
between lain, son of the late Mr 
Norman Bson and Mrs Moira 
le Due, of Haywards Heath, 
Sussex, and .Alexis, elder daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs R. A. 
Hutchings, of PonUlanfrailh. 

Mr E.M. Sautter 
and Miss G.G. Gunby 
The engagement is announced 
between Edmund Mark, elder 
son of Mr and Mrs Desmond 
Sautter, of ChigwelL Essex, and : 
Gillian Grace, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Ben Gunby. of 
ChigwelL Essex. 

Mr J.F.M. van Kan 
and Miss H-E. Barter 
The engagement is announced 
between Julian, eider twin son 
of Mr and Mis Ignace van Kan, 
of Sevenoaks. Kent, and Helena 
Elisabeth, only daughter of Mr 
and Mrs David E. Barter, of 
Billericay, Essex. 

Mr RJFL Watson 
and Miss SAM. Hargreaves 
The engagement is announced 
between Rigby, elder son of Mr 
and Mrs J. C. Watson, of 
Kingston-upon-Thames, Sur- 
rey. and Anne, daughter of Dr 
and Mrs M. D. Hargreaves, of 
Leeds. West Yorkshire. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Burt Bacharach. 57; Sir 
Lennox Berkeley, 83; Mr Leslie 
Charteris. 79; Mr M. A. Coates. 
62: Mr P. N. G. Gilbert, 52; Miss 
Susan Hampshire, 44; Professor 
Dorothy Hodgkin. OM, 76; Mr 
H. V. Hodson, 80: Mr Wilfrid 
Hyde White. 83; Lord Kaidor. 
7g; the Earl of Kimberley, 62; 
Sir Hector Laing, 63; the Right 
Rev H. W. Montefiore. 66 ; 
Baroness Portal of Hungerford. 
63: Rear-Admiral Sir Matthew 
Slattery. 84; Dr Miriam 
Stoppard, 49; Sir Charles 
Trinder, 80; Sir Edward 
Tuckwell 76; Sir Paul Wright, 

Golden Eagle ball 

American Women's Club 
of London 

The silver jubilee of the Golden 
Eagle ball was celebrated at the 
Savoy Hotel on Saturday by the 
American Women’s Club of 
London. The hall raised money 
for the purchase of a kidney 
dialysis machine which was 
presented to representatives of 
St Bartholomew's Hospital for 
its holiday facility at 
Broadstairs. A grand auction 
was conducted by Miss Claire 

this week 

C wj MMir Today 12.30): Debate on 
infrastructure investment In (ft* north 
west. Mottoa lor the srtng adjourn- 

Tomorrow f2-SOk Debate on CM! 
nuclear matters. 

Wednesday (2.30): waves BIU. 

progres s on raw a totng stages. 
Thwsday <2.30* Wages »Il comrte 
Hon or remaining stages. 

Friday (9.301. Private Members* mo- 

Lord*: Tbday 1230* Debate on 
televtstns proceed in gs in House of 

Biu. report. 

Wednesday (2.30* Debates on 
preventin g disability, on agricultural 
res ear ch and development , and on 
Vietnamese refugees m Hong Kong. 
Thursday <3* Airports BOi. comnijt- 

Frldav m* Motion to refect Hang 
Kona (British NauaaaWy) Order 

Armourers and 
Brasiers* Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Armourers and 
Brasiers' Company for the ensu- 

Master. Umtenant-Catranandar Rich- 
ard J Pit* Upper Warden. Mr E 
Josselyn RKU and Renter warden. 
Mr David T James. 

Turners’ Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Turners’ Com- i 
pany for the ensuing year; 

Master. Mr Anthony Reed: Upper 
Warden. Major-General Sir Leonard 
AtMnson and Renter warden. Mr 
Peter WotlWae. 


Mr N.T. Carter 

and Miss AX. Glidewcfl 

The ma rriage took place on 
Saturday at St John the Evan- 
gelist. Toll, of Mr Nigel Carter, 
son of the late Mr Peter Carter 
and Mrs Carter, and Miss 
Alison Glidewell. younger 
daughter of Sr Iain and Lady 

A reception was held at 
Oldfield. Knutsfotd. 

Mr TJSJVfcK. Service 
and Miss AJB. Dumbs 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday at the Church of St 

including political life, on equal tenns. 

A distinctly British Islam, .completely 
acclimatized and comfortable with- its 
national identity, is probably therefore 
two generations away. The potential 
contribution to society of a such 
community which has successfully 
merged tire best of British cuknre and 
tire best of Islamic culture would be 
enormous. Islam is generally seen by 
British public opinion as a. primitive 
thing , but the British do not know tire 
origins of their own culture. It was tire 
Muslim world which preserved and 
developed the Greek uadi non of matire- 
matics, philosophy, and architecture 
when Europe was itself primitive: it is 
no a cadent that “algebra” is an Arabic 
word. Like Christianity, Mam encour- 
ages a climate of philosophical enquiry. 
So-called Islamic fundamentalism, 
dosed to development or criticism, is an 
unusual phenomenon in Muslim histo- 
ry, not the norm. 

Neverthekss aD forms of Islam, 
including those open to reason and to 
the stimulus of new ideas, face one 
specific difficulty m the course of 
adaptatmg to western culture. Much 
more than most contemporary Western 
religious systems, Islam is a public and 
political forth, designed to work proper- 
ly only in a society in which it is tire 
dominant social force. To become just 
one more Western reli&ous denomina- 
tion among many, aD of them fairly 
marginal to national fife, would be to 
loresometiungesseni^iotbechaikaer j 
of Islam. But it may be an unavoidable 

Mr C.W. Smyth-Osbouiue 
The marriage look place on 
Saturday at St Margaret’s. West- 
„ minster, of Mr Charles Wiffiam 

Jackson. fBA, a respected 
legal academic vibo sat oa 
various law committees, died 
on May 8 . He was 82. 

Born at Northampton* 
where bis father was a practis- . 
ing solicitor. Jackson came 
mrn residence ax St John's 
College, Cambridge, in 1921* 
from Leighton Park School, 
graduating in 1924 with a first 
/• lay : in Part H of the Law 

-•*3$ Cofkae then elected 
him to a McMahon Student- 
ship, founded for g rad u at e s 
wanting to qualify fertile legal 
profession; and he dulyquafi- 
fied as a solicitor hr 1928. ■ 

Before brag, however, he 
returned to Cambridge must 
upon an academic career and 

by undertaking whatever col- 
lege supervision and private 
teaching was available whilst 
pursuing research which 
might lead to a teaching posL 

The first fririi of tins re- 
search was an essay on the 
arduous history of (paskoo- 
tracL ft won the Yorice Prize 
in 1931, and was published 
five years later as History of 
Quasi-Contract in English 

After several years of teach- 
ing. Jackson was appointed a 
Supervisor in Lawat StJoim *5 
and a pnfoaiionary tanner in - 
tire Law Faculty. In 1934 be 
was appointed a University 
Lecturer and in 1938 proceed- 
ed to tire LL.D. degree. 

A stimulating text-boric. 
Machinery of Justice in En- 
gland, followed in 1940 and 
has since gone through seven 

During the war Ire served at 

.the Home Offi ce, an experi- 
ence w hich ca cogntgeti his 
growmg mtcrcst m public taw 
and local government. 

He was Secretary of tire 
Royal ComnHsaan wt . Jus- 
tices of tire Peace (19*6-48) 

and afterwards gtt bd govern- 
ment committee* c o ncerne d 
with Town said Counfcy Fteo- 
niia (1948). Meirtri Health 
(1954-57), tire lawrcfetrag to 
Children and Young Pi Xt - B d 

^wfinwhile he tod Veen 
elected a FeBowofltisCbBDp 
in 1946. and was appointed 
Reader is Pbfaire tow and 
Adminriiration at Cambridge 
Univerahy in 1950b 

Jackson became a 
tire British Academy in 2966, 
and. elected tto same ^ year 
Downin' Ftnofessor; of the 
Lawvof Fngtanri, hokfiug tiK 
chair until ha retiretneiM in- 

He served for ie time as a 
cooncy cou 0 ciBo& sad for 
many years, until he reacted 
the muring age, as a Justice ©C 
tire Pt i y e. becomiuK a metnre 
her of ihe Councii ctf tire 
Mi ^ sa me s’ Assoetathui and 
chairman of ill legal 
committee. . . ^ 

la 1963 he was appointed 
to co nduct 
an inquiry into the operation 
of locaf govenmwnt in 

Jackson was a sotaWe «*ij- 
or, and he sailed his smaB 
yacht on many a low and 
perilous voyage- fa 19&1. he 
wort tire Royal Cfttismg Ghib 
ChaBengc Cup for the best 
cruise of the year, ami warn is 
1963, foough^ suflfetmg froma 
troublesome infirmity oftire^ 
luptiowt , : 


y „ Mr Boris Jofoting. the nkadi- 

SL f*l w hose 

minster, of Mr Gharies Wiffiam knowfedge of ^anaEomy ^ a nd 
Smyib-Osbounie. eldest son of histology, combined with an 
Colonel and Mrs E. T. Smyth- exceptional am sac taleat,re- 

Jobhxrg contributed nany 
drawings of insects to joar- 

Osbounre, of Thorpe Mande- 
viHe Coun. Oxfordshire, and 

suited in many accurate and 
beautiful drawings, died on 

April 26. He was93. 

Cubtn, of Chapel House, West Bom in Gothatka. near 
Humble. Surrey. The Rev Moscow JobBtostodictiutat 
Martyn Farrani officiared. school in Mmom and zooioey 

Thi» hndr who wk nvm in *77?“ . 1 . „ 

Humble. Surrey. The Rev 
Martyn Farrani officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Domimc Agace. 
Richard Prideaux. Jama and 
Emma Feiktcu, Alice Foster, 
Amelia Calvert, Miss Victoria 
Cubitt and Miss Rachel Smyih- 
Osbcmrnr. Mr Richard Affleck 
was best man. 

Mr GjL Bowes 

Service, and Miss Amanda Rose Mr George Bowen and Mis 

Dundas. The Rev M. W. H. 

Kirby officiated. imd Min S. Berry ^ 

at Shanravsky Univmixy. He 
wodud at tire Freshwater 
Biological Station on the Riv- 
er Oka before coming to 
England in 1920. 

He joined the Wefloome 
Oigaxuzation tire fallowing 
year, retiring in 1958. 

parasites and other protozoa 
to text books. 

A potmtiaOy rich stivrpe of 
material for researchers are bis 
356 unpubfahed tirawfop of 
bitmg flics, with . no text, 
showtag many structures af- ‘ 
feeling disease muammioa - 
These be left to tire Wellcome 
Museum of Medical Science. 

Jotting eventually lost ftxs 
sq^u; bot a teat baa since been 
provided . for his drawings & 
which, the British Museum* 
(Natural History), in 
associaiba with tire Wdksomc 
Trust, plan topobtidL 


Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Victoria MacGtade, 
Anna Crawford, Georgina 
Hellyer and Gemma Font Mr 
Desmond Crichton was best 


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I. f^Miirttn SOaat Mm El. 

_ I Will caw tnem so walk ov the rwm 
«f wa im in a stratpn way. wtwnin 
tHas> stall not stumble. 

JnrnilAti 31 : 9 


ABDEUKADY - On Apdl 26Ui 1986 to 
Beamce Weydert and Ahmed, a 
lovely son. Richard Malek PMUfne. 

ARMSTRONG On May 6th at SI 
Georges Hospital to Caroline (nee 
Verftack) and Tim. a son Jonathan 

BECKETT - On May 8th to Niels and 
Ross, a daughter Daisy Cresslda. a 
sister for Justine and Henry. 

BIRCH on 9Ui May at John RadcUffe. 
Oxford to Dinah usee Baggaley) and 
Sidney a son Joseph, a brother for 

BOOKER - on the 2nd May to JuUa 
(Nee Shtldon) and Roger, in Hart- 
ford. Connecticut, a daughter. Louise 
Helen, a aster for Lawrence and 

CROTTON-ATKIttS - On May 101ft at 
the Portland Hospital. Wi. to Susan 
and Peter, a daughter. 

DALRYMPLE . On 9th May to Anna 
and Robert, a daughter. Eflle Char- 
lotte Hamtllon. 

DE SECUNOO . On May 8th. In 
Montevedeo to Karen and William, a 
**»- a brother for Charles and 

OUY-CCWLEY - On May 3rd to Gall 
and Nicholas, a daughter Sophie, sta- 
ler for Natasha and Alexis. 

HADDOCK > On May 8th at West Lon- 
don Hospital to Jemima (nee Saunl) 
and Paid, a son. Dominic Alexander. 

KERRY On 5th May at the West Lon- 
don Hospital to Julia (nee BorreW) 
and Michael a son, Edward Loub 
BrnreUL With grateful thanks to aH 

•*®U«C On May 9th in Bertln to 
Jane uiee Bunting) and Netl. a daugh- 
ter. Emily Agnes Musoen. 

Aptil Srtth to Amelia mee 
umeiand Raid, a daughter Arabella 


mMmXMCOfyNE -on May 3rd 
i todrew -3. Eaton. Norwich. 



The Marriage of Mr Shiran Rainey 
and Meluffrouw Pia Wttlox. look 
place on Saturday 10th May 1966 at 
the Basilica Cathedral of Sl John. 
s'Hertogenbasch. (he Netherlands. 
Father Gerard wtdox offloaled. The 
bride who was given In marriage by 
her father was attended by Mile. 
Alexia Lecerf. Mejuffrouw Sara Flos 
and M. Gwenaef Lecerf. Mr Justin 
Ramey was I he best man and Mr 
Mark Rowe. Miss Jane McNeill, de 
Heer Michael Lamnte and 
Meluffrouw Marina Aarts were wit- 
nesses. A reception was held al 
Kasteel Mauri ck. Vughi and the hon- 
eymoon win be spent ab road. 


ARBER- On May the 9th In oxford. In 
his 81st year Hugh Bentanun Artier, 
of wychwood Lodge. Swinbrook. be- 
loved husband of Pat and father of 
Mary (Byatt) WUham. Nicholas and 
Rooert. Formerty of the Sudan Politi- 
cal Service. Domestic Bursar and 
Fellow of Wadham College. Oxford. 
Family said village funeral at SI 
Maly's Church. Swinbrook on 
Thursday 15th May at 1220pm. Me- 
morial Service to be announced- 

AUSTIN -Suddenly in hospital on May 
9th. Professor [for G. Austin Sc-D. 
(Cantab). F.insLP. aged 57 years of 
Sheffield. Dearly loved husband of 
AUeen and father of Richard and 
Manon. Service at St Andrews Unti- 
ed Refrained Church. Upper 
Hanover Street Sheffield, on Thur* 
day May 15th at 12J0pm followed 
by Oematton. No flowers please, do- 
nations for Cancer Research maybe 
sent to John Heath & Sons Funeral 
Directors. Sheffield. 

8EYN0N • On Ascension day hi Urn- 
don. Ontario Mildred, beloved wife 
and lender companion of Archdea- 
con. Roy Beynon of 53 years in 
England. India and Canada. Also sur- 
vived by her 4 daughters and 12 

BOlANOmcZ-ROVLE - On May 9th. 
1986. peacefully m hospital after a 
long illness. Miroslav Arthur R-D.P- 
aged 79 of cartyle Mansions. Cneyne 
Walk Chelsea. Beloved husband of 
Lina and dear father of Milena and 
Daniela. He will be remembered and 
sadly missed by his Mends and col- 
leagues In the Philatelic world. 
Funeral service at Alpertoa Ceme- 
tery on Tuesday 13th May at 
2.30pm. Flowers and enquUies to JH 
Kenyon Lid- 49 Martoes Hoad. Lon- 
don WS. TeL- 01-937 0757. 

BROWN - Audrey Brown. Peacefully 
on 8Ut May 1986 after illness brave- 
ly borne, dear cousin of Florence 
Richards. Winifred Davis. Ronald 
and Cecil Brown; beloved mend and 
'aster' of Vera (Mac) and Hilda 
McKma* and Lydia iMarl Parry: re- 
spected termer officer of L.C-C. and 
ILEA. Private funeral. No dowers, 
voluntary donations to Royal 
Marsten Hospital AppeaL Fulham 
Road. London SW3. 

CLARK On the 7th May 1986. very 
suddenly and very peacefully in her 
armchair ai home Barbara Ettzabeth 
(Betty) dark into Money) aged 66 
years. Beloved wife of George Clark 
and mother of Tim and Tisha and 
grandmother ot Sally. Her funeral 
service win be held at The Church of 
St Mary Magdalene in Cowden near 
Edenbndge. Kent on Thursday the 
15th May at 230pm.. with burial 
thereafter at the same church. 
CLASH - Ray. passed away on 9th 
May. Funeral service at South Bristol 
Crematorium on Friday 16th May at 

EMDCN - Hflda on 8th May 1988. of 
Combe. Oxott. peacefully at her 
home. Funeral service at Oxford Cre- 
matonum on Thursday isth May at 
iz noon. 

flH UfWA L L - Gertrud. (Late Meradls 
and prewi. on am May at Guys Hos- 
««««[ i tUness bravely 
bcaue. Oear sMer of Alice and Elste. 
iSf* J?™ - L* unt <# Valerie, Jams 
J ? tu V F uneral on Honor Oak 
Hrednesday 14th 

HEATON-MCHOLLS - Derek George, 
beloved husband of Biddy and loving 
lather of Murray. Seal and Barry, 
passed away peacefully on 3rd May 
1986 hi Durban. South Africa. 

MRAKAWA - On May 7th at St Mays 
Hospital. Paddington. Leila . Full 
Harakwa. Reathem Mass at the Sa- 
cred Heart Church. KBbum. Friday < 
May 161ft at . 12.18pm. followed by 
burial at St Marys Roman CathoHc 
Cemetery. Enquiries and flowers to 
J.H. Kenyon Ud. 7« Rochester Row. 
London. SWl. Tel 01-834 4624. 

JACKSON - Richard Meredith. M.A> 
ULB. F.ELA. J.P. Of 10 Halifax Road. 
Cambridge, fellow of SI John’s Col- 
lege. Cambridge. Emeritus Downing 
Profess o r of the Laws of England at 
Hie University of Cambridge, peace- 
fully in hospital on May 8th m Ids 
83rd year after a long Illness borne 
with great courage. A funeral service 
for family and dose friends will be 
held at Cambridge Crematorium on 
Friday 16th May at 2pra. A formal 
memorial service wtu be held tn St 
John’s College. Cambridge at a dale 
to be announced later. No flowers 
please, but donations may be sent if 
desired to the' friends of cnesterton 
Hospital. Cambridge. 

LEVY - On 9th May. suddenly. Alfred 
L. Levy, beloved husband of Lily amt 
father of Anthony. Michael and Rog- 
er. Sadly mim ed by aD Ms family. 1 


1 986. peacefully In St Lukes Nuning 

HOtne. Oxford. Or H Tudor Ed- 
munds. Beloved tether of Maureen 
Hafg and Janice UpHIL Funeral at 
Oxford Crematorium on Wednesday 
140i May at 3.15pm. Family Dowers 1 
only, but donations accepted If 
wished, for the CunphOI Village 

VUUUkT - John tTEste on May 7th. 
aged 72. of South Lea. Mflfordrao- 
seaL Husband of the late Nancy' 
Edmensau. Father of Frank, grand- 
father of AJberttne and John- 
Memorial service to twhekt on Fri- 
day May 16th at 4pm tat AH Sam 
Parish Church. Mttftari-an-sca. 

WALLACE On 7Ih May 1986. sudden- 
ly in hospital m Ms 53nt year. 
Colonel Wffitan GaskeU waiace 
0-B£_ T.D- of LeatherheatL Sur- 
rey. formerty of Gaddesby. 
Leicestershire. Beloved husband of ' 
Maureen and father of Richard. 
Alastatr. and Ann Louise. Funeral 
service at St. Lukes Parish Church. 
Gaddesby Letcs- on Thuraday isth 
May at 11.16am. followed by private 
cremation. No flowers by request, 
donations pre fe rre d m Beu for the 
Britan Diabetic AssodaUan. c/o 
Ginns & Cutteridge Ltd. Funeral Di- 
rectors of Leicester. Tel 0533 661 17. 

horae'^ifie bridc*®^ foe -'SSL? it™ sjpficairt expansion of the S? 5 S 

boneymoon wfll be spent rfopd at H artlcbmy Cage, foe ^jon’s work. . . ^ fo^^ressHJn in - 

abroad. residence of foe Bishop of the design of buildings, reports “ — 

Worcester, of Judge KJC. Cooke in 1942 he was appointed and books. 

M F.G.~ Marion He retired in 1960 bat he v ’l 

MWlLGJ Vtca. AdtrayJ ^ ^^’5 ^ , 

and Min S. Berry 
The maniage took ttace in 
London betwe en Mr Laurie 
COnner and M»ss Sandy Berry ' 
on May 7. A sc vice of blessing 
was held in the Queen’s Chapd 
of foe Savoy. 

Judge RJK. Cooke 
and Mrs E-A- Rewtands 
A service of prayer and dedica- 
tion after civil marriage was 

Mr Donald Miller, Vice- 
Presadeirt oftiie Leprosy Mis- 
siort International and Us 
farmer geneitt secretary.died 
on April 25. 

Boro in 1893, he was posted 
to India by the Mission to 
Lepcre in 1921, becoming 
secretary for India shortly 
afterwards. His faosihess acu- 
men, devoted service and 
remarkable knowledge of the 
people, enabled him u> lead a 

.wife; PMltojorie tomhert, 
whom, he, married in 19 31 , 
spent! 3 days adrift in aaopen 
boat after their ship was 
torpedoed. . . 

A vivid account of this 
expe rie n c e; A Ship! A Ship!, 
written by Miller, be cam e a 1 
bestselling Christian hook. 

His contribution to the life 
and worit of foe mission /was 
inestimable. His leadership 
was strong, his convictions 


MACDONELL - On May 8th 1986 
Rose, peacefully at home. Widow of 
A.G. (Ardue) and beloved sister of 
Thea Drelfuss and Liesri AmerY 
cherised godmother of Qatidta Pri- 
vate crenuOou .at her requed. 

numODOE-On May 8th peacefully 
in a Wimbledon Nursing Home. Mon- 
ica Guendoisi aged 78 years, 
daughter of the late Henry Ralph 
Chanwtaa Partridge of Great 
Hock ham. Norfolk. Funeral af 
Moritake Cranatorttaa. CUftbrd Av- 
enue. London SW14 on Wednesday 
14Ut May. I pm. fbUowed by Inter- 
ment at Holy Trinity. Great 
Hockftam. on Wednesday 21st May. 
Encrutnes and flowers to Fredk W. 
Paine. 6 Cotanbe Lane. London, 
SW20- Td 01-946 1974. 

Cancer Research Fund. 

PE — E RTOH - On May 9th 1986. 
peacefully after a short Illness m Col- 
chester Nursing Home. Monlaunt 
Asftmgton SigerisL beloved tether of 
Jane. Funeral at St Peters. Church 
Street Boxfed. Cotchrater. Essex, on 
Thursday May lSUt at 12 noon. 
Flowers to WM Sheppard Ltd. 93/4 
High Street Colchester. 

REYNOLDS - On May 8th. Keflft Mc- 
Carthy of Godatmlng. beloved 
husband of SMriey and tether of 
Giles. James and Amelia. Cremation 
private. A Service of Thanksgiving 
wtu be held at Hascerabe Parish 
Church on Thursday. May 15th at 
3.15pm. Farnity flowers only, but do- 
nations If desired to SL Peter's 
Church. Hascombe. care of J. 
Gorringe & Son. 55 Hare Lane. 
Fferncorabe. GodaUnUtg. Surrey. 

RfOOtrr- On May 8th 1986. suddenly 
at ms home tn Jersey aged 91 years. 
ll CM. Perceval Macpherson 
RxtouL late of Oxford and Bucks 
Light Infantry, betoved husband of 
JIIL All entndnes please to G E. 
Croad Ltd- Funeral D ir ec to r s. Tel 
•Jersey (05341 33330. 

STABLE - Colonel Robert Henry 
DSO- aged 92. peaceniOy- 8th ot 
May 1986. Funeral anangcmniE 
0736 753646 

TATNALL - Ota May 8th. In a private 
nursing home, after a long Utness. 
Cecil Frank Tatnafl aged 81 years, 
beloved husband of Winnie, de- 
ceased. known as Jim to Ms many 
friends and loved by all. Sadly 
missed. The cremation service wut 
Be held at Breoksoear crematorium. 
Rudip. on Thursday May 18th at 
2.00pm. Floral tributes or donations. ' 
P*ea» to Henny Paul Lid. SO Victoria 
R(L Ruhfjp httnor. Middx. 

WORRALL - Peacefully at Trefette 
HospUaL Truro. CornwaB. on 71h 
May 1986. Veronica Hope (nfe 
McNair Snaddeni aged 66 yean, 
much loved mother of Douglas 
Marwood and Lucy and gramhnotft- 
er or Lamoma and Verity. Funeral 
service in Mawnam Parish Church. 
Mawnan. near Fjtanuuth. CornwML 
on Tuesday 13th May 19B6 al 
2J50pra to wbfcft aB friends are hnrtt- 
ed. Flowers may be sent to the 

YULE 1HRTB - On May 8th 1986 al 
Scunthorpe. Margaret Yule Smith of 
Hillside Cottage. Saxby-AU-SatMx. 
Brigg. HUnbenkh widow of Malar 
Nanuan Andaman Smith RA. youn- 
ger daughter af the late Charles and 
Mary BeU Cut of Aberdeen, dear 
mother of Robbie and daughter-in- 
law Maureen. Cranny of Annabefle 
Louise and Alexander Harry. Ser- 
vice at Ml Saints Church: Saxby-AU- 
Samts on Tuesday May 13th at 
1030am followed tor private crema- 
tion. No flowera by request but 
donations to lieu If so desired for 
Cancer R e se a rch or British Heart 
Foundation Appeal Fund, to Huuaoa 
6 Sons. Funeral Directors. 25 
Hotydyke. BanoDran-Htanber. South ; 


JOHNSTON - The Service or Thanks- 
giving for the life of Sir Cbartes. 
Jonnston O.CM.G. win be to the 
Crypi Chapel of SL Patmi cathedral 
on Thursday June 12th at noon. 


LAIB’CIITER - Miss v.E. formerty of 
- DteMAItoe Gwen's GUIs' .SchooLIs- 

tuigton. Bom 12th May 1910 and 
u maembered-wtth love by Iwrt mmy 
(bends Inclu d ing avj. and team. 
LADA CROOHOiA - Cbristina dkd . 
1 2 th May 1978. aged 2Cf yeneb In 
loving .memory- (LLP, 

M F.G. Marini 

and Mbs^ ILGJVIcB. Ackroyd 

The marriage lock place on 
Saturday ' at St MkfaadTs, 
Corohill, of M Fabricc GiUes 
Marion, eldest son of M and 
Mme Roger Marion of 35 Rue 
de Paris, Coulombs, France, and 
Miss Kate Georgina McBride 
Ackrovd, younger daughter of 
Sir John and Lady Adkroyd, oS 
43 Lansdowne Crescent, Wll. 
The Rev David B. Evans offiri- 
ated, assisted by the Rev David 
Bishop and Father Guy 

The bride, who was given in - 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Vivyan 
Ackroyd, Miss Suzanna Dun- 
can, Miss Belinda EJ worthy and 
Miss Anna Simpson. M Chris- 
tian Gras was ben man. 

A reception was held at 
Carpenters’ Hall and foe bcmey- 
moon will be spent abroad. 

Mr IXA. Griereson . 
and Miss J JF. Ewhank 

The marriage took place on 
Saturday in foe Chapel of Gra/a 
Inn of Mr David Gneveson, son 
of Dr BlM. Grievesoo and the 
late Mrs Grieveson. and Miss 
Julia' Ewbank, daughter of Sir 
Anthony and Lady Ewbank, of 
Sheppeirton, Middlesex. Canon 
Eric James officiated, assisted 
by Father D. Murphy. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her father, was 
attended by Miss Aiisa 
Grieveson. Mr Richard Puttick 
was best man. 

Royal Marines 
new entries 

The following candidates were 
declared successful for entry to 
the Royal Marines and entered 
tbe Commando Training Centre 
Royal Marines, Lympstone on 
May 1. 

and Mrs EA. Rowlands (nie 
Bachman n). The service was 
conducted by the Bishop of 

A reception was held at the 

Dr J. Modi 
and Mbs P. Dabba 
Tbe maniage took place on 
Sunday. May 11, 1986,- in 
London between Dr Jagdish 
Modi, son of Mr and Mis J. G. 
Modi, of Leicester, and Miss 
Panna Dabba. daughter of Mr 
and Mis D. M. Dabba. 

Mr L.H. Robertson 
and Mbs MJL Stranger 
Tbe marriage took place on 
Saturday, May 10, 1986, at foe 
Church of All Saints, Wandour 
Castle. Wiltshire, of Mr Larry 
Robertson, youngest son of 
Captain Ian Robertson and the 
late Mis Robertson, and Miss 
Michdle Stranger, only daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs John 
Stranger. Father John Tran mar 
SI. and Dom Edward Corbould 

The bride, who was given in 
maniage by her father, was 
attended by Lucy, Emilia and 
Charlotte Hungerfoid and by 
Charles Brownlow. Viscount 
Campden was best man. 

A reception was held at Lake 
House, near Salisbury, the home 
of Captain Nigel Bailey. 

Mr TJ. Underbill 
and Dr YJVL Terry 

the design ofbtnkiings, reports 
and books. 

He retired in I960 bat he 
never lost his avid interest in 
the mission. 



. Herschd Bernardi, the 
American actor who played 
the lead role in the stage 
version of the musical Fiddler 
on the Roof, died at his home 
in Los Angeles on May 9. He 
was 62. 

Bernardi, who often por- 
trayed policemen or gangsters, 
appeared in several films, 
among them Irma la Douce : 
The From and Love with the 
Proper Stranger. He also had 
his own short-lived television 
series, Amie. 

But it is for his starring role 
in Fiddler on the Roof, as 
Tevye, the Jewish milkman 
who leaves his family in pre- 
revolutionary Russia to emi- 
grate to America, that he will 
be best remembered. 

He was nominated for an 
Emmy for his portrayal of 
Lieutenant Jacoby in the 1959 
television series, Peter Gunn, 
and, for his performance in 

Tbe marriage took place on foe 1969 musical, Zorba, he 
& J Mr Timothy | "« »°mioated for a Tooy. 
Underhill, son of Mr Harry " 

Underbill and Mis Rosemary I lllirftl 

Underbill, and Dr Yvonne V^UUltJ 

Terry, daughter of Mr and Mrs Appointments 
£ ri fJ e lI y ’ ofp*** 1 Missenden, m Th^^- ™ 

Buckinghamshire. S Hh 


Mir David Franklin, the 
banker and investment com- 
pany director, has died, aged 

Educated at Oundle and 
New College, Oxford, he left 
university and volunteerd for 
the Parachute Regiment dur- 
ing the Second World War. 

A well-known figure in An- 
glo-Jewry circles, Franklin 
was a life-long philanthropist . 
He was a founder member of‘~ 
the New London Synagogue 
and played an active role in 
many charitable 


He served the Asthma Re- 
search Cornual for many years 
as its taon treasurer, where his 
wise and enthusiastic r mm s e l 
will now be greatly missed 

Sir John D’Oyly. 13th Bt, 
who served in the Royal Navy 
during two world wars, has 
died, aged 86. 

He retired from the Navy in 
1946 with tiie rank of com- 
raander and succeeded to tbe 
title in 1962. 

Church news 



Ttao.Rov' Mnxmam 

Th* Rw d R 
Sheeny v 
frfrre on . 

The Rev 

8 .Hoar. Vicar. OWk 

&r Donald Tebtau. Chairman of 
the English-Speaking Union of 
the Co tnraonweal th, and Mr 
David Hicks, deputy director 
general, were hosts at a lun- 
cheon held at die Cafe Royal on 
Saturday on the occasion ofthe 
national -final of foe English- 
Speaking Union's Public Speak- 
ing Competition . for Schools. 
Among the guests were Lord 
Bonomley, Baroness EUes, Mr 
Beraaiti Levin, - Mr _ Michael 
Mavor and Mr Ian Griffiths. 

Service Dinner 

4th Battalion 

The Northamptonshire 

Regiment (1939/46) 

The Lord lieutenant for North- 
amp tonshirewzsthe principal 
guest at the annual officer s' 
reunion dinner of foc*WffBattal- 

ion The . Northampfrooshire 
Regiment (1939/46) held, at 
..Simpson Barracks, Northamp- 
ton. on Saturday. Major D. P. : 
Scopes presided. ; -j- 

_ arntestav. 


ggwj^of NorwS, s, SttaSfl^ n ^ 

M^Otonaid to tooaAnd 

K S2?Si? 0 !l s J nd retirements T&g e aphw^ 

raftra on Jane m 3 . . “***■ 10 _.T 1 ^ Rfv j. m n__— M 

assr * ssr-aasg a 

retire on Deocmiwr ai. Ior *. to 1 

of ai Llnooto. to 


01 mw ta. to nm on , 

Church of Scotland ■ ■ 

Inductions * 

Roaa o?%u^ UMSOtatod to tana ond 

renre on December 31 . *"**• «* 

_ The R#v fl omi mim i ^. . 
-AnyraiMw wflb CoieSi^dioSSrS 

I. fo ffi* 1 : Vicar, cawm. 

^cera or Ltocom 10 reagi 

Chnrefa ef Wales 



^ Rural 

ant l Mwuto.' » 
non .or- . Banger . 






In 3790 the mutineers of the 
Bomrij, led by Fletcher Chris- 
ten, haded on the minute 
island of Pitcairn. Today the' 
world's remotest permanently 
inhabited settlement exists on 
-some 50 of tltehr desceddehts — 

including a radio ham with an 
QBE. One of Fletcher's more 
-familiar descendants . is the 
Breakfast Time cook and deli- 
catessen-owner Glynn Christ- 

In an ultimately fasdnat ii 
edition of World About I 
(BBC2X be set oat for. the 
island which had obsessed 
him, so he dawn with irritat- 
ing uuctuousness, Dor 30 years. 

Glynn. Christian's script, 
which was no stranger to lines 
like ^recipe for insurrection'*, 
hardly made one salivate at his 
prospective biography of Flet- 
•C cber. It was to toinplete this 
work that he . undertook the 

the first leg, he might 
have done better to spare ns 
some forced parallels between 
Bligh’s experience and his 
omL$a3ine a chartered yacht 
from Tahiti with a crew faff of 
people called Jasmine and 
Vman did not seem quite the 
staggering feat he made it. It 
was also selectively' filmed. 

However, as soon as he 
landed, the programme be- 
came a different kettle of fish 
altogether. The meretricious 
historical element (Le. had 
Fletcher died here or not?) 
became edipsed by an absorb- 
ing account of the islanders 
and their tenuous paradise. 

Under the firm eye of Ted 
Cochran — and finely edited by 
Caroline Jndson — we were 
treated to some memorable 
sequences: notably the bring- 
ing of an injured captain to 
land through freacheroos seas 
and a goat- hunt contacted by 
. - what appeared to be die 

I # • 1 ■ « Pftchiro chapter of the Hell's 
i t jr f Angels. Having initially bas- 
■' v ■»» ked in the cnrionsfry “of which 
j. I was naturally the centre . 

*■ P f o * ** • even Mr Christian became 
4 laii visibly moved by the life and 
the soul of these islanders. 

Directed by David Cnnfiffe, 

Yorkshire's dramatization of 
Angela H nth's play The Un- 
derstanding was a delight. 

When a young flame-haired 
Girl Friday is employed in a 
bouse foil of wrin kites, the . .... , 

impact is chanhidg and funny, | ® believe that be actually coni 1 
..Angela Hifth has a fihe ear for | P«»ed the letter himself Neither 
the many languages oT love does fl.bavre foe nng of Petifs usual 

.cfiany prose. 


The BBC’s sensitivity to outside criticism seems now to be verging 
on destructive paranoia: Mark Lawson investigates cause and effect 

Just a word in the ear upstairs 

A serious disease has been 
diagnosed among' the higher 
management of ihe BBC. The 
symptoms include heavy 
sweating when viewing pro- 
grammes before transmission 
and a tendency to hear voices, 
particularly those ofMrs Mary 
Whitehouse and Mr Douglas 
Hurd. The symptoms' were 
first diagnosed in August of 
last year, following the deci- 
sion of the BBC governors not 
to transmit a documentary 
about Northern Ireland made 
fra* the Real Lives series; and 
have proved increasingly in- 
fectious. “1 call it Real Lives- 
ifls”, says one. BBC docu- 
mentary-maker.- ‘'Anything 
apparently anti-Thatcher, .in 
fact anything anti, any body or 
individual ‘ who might kick 
back; they start . twitching for 
the scissors.” 

Tbe producer cannot be 
named; one of the side-effects 
of the infection of the upper 
echelons is a terror among the 
lower orders about expressing 
dissent But his views are 
|. echoed elsewhere. A play- 
wright whose work was threat- 
ened with shelving, arid then 
amended, he alleges, without 

Graeme McDonald: 
found the 
slaughterhouse all 
too strong 

..his consent, says:’ “My impres- 
sion was that one's work was 
being carved up — by people 
from outside the drama de- 
partment — out of a mixture of 
philistinism and fear. I find 
the present atmosphere very 

This sixth-floor twitch in ess 
. and its effect on staff morale is 
ihe flipside to the BBCs 
recent triumphs in ratings 
wars and awards ceremonies, 
"file decision, to -give “techni- 
cal redundancy” to the impor- 
tant BBC current . affairs 
journalist Roger Bolton is 
seen as the latest symptom.' 
Other recent victims of the 

Mary Whitehouse: 
can justifiably feel 
she is winning the 
censorship battle 

a Tm winning! I’m 
They're listening!". 

Well, are they? The reasons 
for this asbestos mentality 
among management are var- 
ied. The so-called Real Lives- 
itis is a major factor; burnt- 
fmgered, the BBC man- 
agement picks up tapes and 
scripts gingerly. The suspen- 
sion of two journalists from 
the series Rough Justice has. 
when combined with the Real 
Lives farrago, conspired to 
make six-part series on the 
sex-life of the golden eagle 
increasingly attractive to doc- 
umentary bosses. In terms of 
money expended for footage 
produced, investigative jour- 
nalism is expensive; any ex- 
cuse to reduce it is welcomed. 
There is also pre-Peacock fear; 
while awaiting die Professor's 
recommendations, it is vital, 
argues management, that the 
BBC “keeps its hands clean”. 
The "watch your backs” men- 
tality begins to exert a paralyz- 
ing hold. 

For programme-makers, the 
most painful aspect of the last 
few months has been the 
thorough muddle-headedness 
of the management reaction. 

I'm wianing! 

The Fishing Party, management required “clarification'’ before transmission 

who derided that a sequence 
depicting ihe- passage of a cow 
from grazing to gravy was “too 
strong for that time of night”. 
_ ~ _ , . _ . The edition was postponed 

• The -Fishing Party, a doca- . and then shown without - the 
memary produced by Paul slaughterhouse scene. 

; Watson for. tbe 40 Minutes 
series, was “referred upwards” 
to senior management bo- 
cause of queasiness about its 
depiction of four extreme 
right-wing apologists. Man- 
agement requested a “clari- 
fication” before transmission. 

• The fourth part of the BBC 
Wales ecological documentary 
series Far Front Paradise was 
referred to the Controller of 
BBC2, Graeme McDonald. 

. '• Song qf Experience, a film 
written by Martin' ABen. for 
the Screen Two series, was 
filmed in alternative versions, 
offering different degrees of 
expletives and explicitness. 
Bill Cotton, Managing Direc- 
tor, took the rare step of 
referral to the Director-Gener- 
al, Aiasdair Milne, which led 
to agreement to screening after 
“cleaning-up”. . 

• Deadhead, also suffered 

from an eleventh-hour frown 
from above. Cuts in sexually- 
explicit language and action 
were ordered by Graeme 

• A BBC Scotland hospital 
comedy. The Houseman's 
Tale, was sent back to its 
producer in the same week 
that transmission was an- 
nounced in Radio Times. No 
new date has been fixed 

• Are You a.Racisi ?. a film for 
the Horizon popular science 
series, also suffered cuts. An- 
other Horizon programme, 
about Aids and male sexual 
behaviour, is now expected 
never to be shown. 

Other, smaller, examples 
have led to a feeling in the 
affected parts of the BBC that 
tbe management's dusk raids 
— often last-minute, some- 
times after the first version 
has been screened to the Press 
and always attracting adverse 
publicity — smack less of 
responsible cutting and more 
of stricken guilt A Sunday 
repeat of a weekday edition of 
fEastEnders suddenly snips 30 
seconds from a suicide scene 
or, in a play, a copulaiory 
word beginning with "f” is 
switched for one beginning 
with "s” and Mrs Mary 
Whitehouse, the beacon of 
decency, might justifiably cry 

With television under threat 
of censorship by government 
they believe there is a need for 
a logical and organized re- 
sponse. The decisions taken to 
date seem insistently contra- 
dictory- In the eyes of Mrs 
Whitehouse, every act of cen- 
sorship. the more muddled 
and public the better, is an 
admission of guilt How she 
must relish the sight of the 
BBC hierarchy behaving like 
characters in indifferent thrill- 
ers who stammer “Look wher- 
ever you want constable" 
while inclining sideways to 
hide the bloodstain on the 

The danger is that the bug 
may soon have entered the 
mental air-conditioning of 
most executives. We face the 
end of investigative television 
journalism, the death of the 
polemic, an unspoken requ- 
irment for BBC employees to 
leave their teeth at the door. 
As one programme-maker 
says: “The producer kept say- 
ing we'd got away with more 
than he’d expected. But pro- 
ducing programmes shouldn't 
be about seeing what you can 
smuggle through customs.” 

At a time wnen one of the Royal 
Ballet’s leading dancers, Anthony 
DowelL is about to become the 
company's artistic director, the two 
leading ..French choreographers, 
Maurice B6jart and Roland Petit, 
have just put their names tea long 
letter, splashed boldly across half a 
page, in Le Figaro, declaring that 
star dancers are' quite the wrong 
[ people to run ballet companies: 

Tbe letter, printed with an 
introduction by the paper’s arts 
editor and former dance critic, 
Claude Baigngrcs, is seen in Paris 
Tessas an artistic manifesto than as 
a move in a power-struggle follow- 
ing the recent French elections. 
People familiar, from innumerable ■' 
programme notes and other writ- 
ings, with Bejarfs flamboyant and 
dramatic prose style find it difficult 

Rudolf Nureyev, the Paris Optra’s ballet director, is under fire from rival choreographers 
in a typically French media battle of topsyturvydom: John Percival reports 

The trick of turning success into failure 

and deceplfoo aod ihe triith 
(hat they alter- not (fee wttt 
. with age. 

Looking as fragile m old 
porcelain, Constance Cum- 
mings made' a Coovincting 
Acton. As her hrmher-inJaw 
and secret love, Michael 
Aldridge ms a Bit crumpled 
and ponderous ~ tike a cardi- 
gan sat on by a big bottom. 




National Studio 

Bloomsbury Theatre 

The audacity Of starting an 
evening of short-staged oper- 
atic extracts with the opening 
scene and duet from Don 
Giovanni is typical of the 
National Opera Studio. Typi- 
cal too was tbe immedi 
intensity of dramatic focus, a 
quality which characterizes 
the end-of-ierm showcases of 
this finishing school- and 
which generated within sec- 
onds a real- taste of omnipres- 
ent evil for The Turn of the 

The young trainees, of 
course, have eiyoyed a full 
academic year of meticulous 
in-depth grooming in every 
detail of stagecraft and inten- 
sive musical coaching. .As 
usual, it showed m vigorously 
paced recitative, assurance of 
idiom and minute attention to 
movement and gesture: And 
they were helped no end by 
Michael McCaffery’s stylish 
stage direction and David 
Parry’s pertinent support in 
the pit. 

But it is not the year of the 
potential megastar. Ctf the 
statutory 12 trainees, few this 
time round have real sharp- 
ness or vocal profile or truly 
memorable stage presence. It 
is. however, the year of the 
bass. 1 shall look forward to 
following the career of Clive 
Bay ley. a character-bass and 
more, whose elegant, shatply 
observed portraits of Seneca 
1 Prppea\ Metiione [Forsa del 
di-vino) and Don Pasqaale tit 
ihe evening and pointed, per- 
haps. to a future Richard Van 

At the opposite end Of the 
scale, the search for a breed of 
properly dramatic soprano 
continues. Tbe style and vi- 
vaciiv of Lisa Gasteen's Leo- 
nora '(Forza) was dampened 
bv insufficient weight and 
momentum, while Carol 
Smith's bold and intelligent 
Mrs Grose and Donna Anna 
need a careful watch on what 
threatens to become an over- 
biowsv vibrato. .As tong as the 
Home Office is wise enough to 
extend her lime here. wmM 
J hope, hear more of the West 
Indian mezzo Hyacinth Nich- 
oils. a characterful PaHade 
l Popped) and Dalila. 

Hilary Finch 

hack job' put together for them, it, 
undoubtedly represents their antip- 
athy to Rudolf Nureyev as ballet 
director. Petit fell out with Nure- 
yev after the latter had danced wiih 
Petit's “Marseille company in New 
. Voile a few years back, following a 
quarrel variously, ascribed to 
: Nureyev’s interpretation of Petit's 
choreography and his partner's 
ambition to call the choreographer, 
on stage quickly enough to share'’ 
the applause. . 

Bejarfs quarrel with Nureyev is 
more recent and more public. As 
reported last month. Bijart went 
on stage after tie performance of ^ 

. his two leading" men. When tbe 
Opera pointed, out that he had no 
authority for this, be went on 
\ television and denounced Nureyev 
in terms like a cross between 
I Accuse and Phantom of the 
Opera. That provoked an official 
statement by the Optra’s adminis- 
tration referring to a psychological 
crisis and expressing hopes for a 
speedy recovery. 

The renewed and combined, 
attack calls for a national inquiry 
info how the Opera should be run. 

’• The argument pul forward is that, 
since the years of. Rolf Lieber- 
^. : manh’s administration, the inter- 

... . one of his ballets at the Paris Opera "..nal condition.; and artistic prestige... 

: Hpw(ryer,Heven if foe letter is a - ' And announced the promotion o£; of ; the nationaTballet company at 

the Opera has declined under three 
successive directors. To an outsid- 
er, that looks like tbe exact 
opposite of the truth. 

It was during Rosella High- 
tower’s period as director that one 
began to see real progress, which 
has accelerated under Nureyev. By 
bringing forward the rich talent 
among the younger dancers, and by 
introducing a far more varied and 
interesting repertory, Nureyev has 
brought the company to a level 
where his claim that the dancers 
are the best in the world today 
would find wide assent. In that 
context,, tbe argument by B6jart 
and Petit that a star dancer must 
inevitably be too preoccupied with 

his own career to take care of the 
development of other dancers 
looks rather silly. 

It is in any case a surprising 
claim from two men each of whom 
began as star dancer and choreogra- 
pher and director of his own 
company, and neither of whom 
could easily stay off stage even after 
he had ostensibly retired. Many 
would argue that Petit's best period 
was the youthful one when he was 
most fully stretched. 

. What is perhaps surprising is the 
extent to which leading dancers are 
taking over the world's ballet 
companies. New York City Ballet 
and American Ballet Theatre, the 
Royal Danish Ballet, the. Austra- 

lian Ballet and the National Ballet 
of Canada all made that choice. 
Nearer home. London Festival 
Ballet under Peter Schaufuss has 
progressed to the point where it is 
able to offer the Royal Ballet a 
serious artistic challenge. 

Among them all. Nureyev is the 
one who has achieved the most 
spectacular results. He had the 
advantage of a good foundation: 
one of the best ballet schools in the 
world to supply his dancers, a 
realistic budget, a personal experi- 
ence wider and more varied than 
any rivaL A somewhat impatient 
personality and a willingness to 
back his own judgement of young 
dancers' potential have ruffled 
feathers but are also factors in the 
quick results he obtained. 

To see his period at the Opera 
described as one of decline is like 
living in a world turned upside- 
down. But French politics, espe- 
cially French anistic politics, are 
too often seen like that. 


Double Cross 

Royal Court . 

It is a deeply intriguing coinci- 
dence that Brendan Bracken, 
Churchill's wartime Minister 
of Information, and William 
Joyce, who performed a not 
dissimilar role for the other 
side undU the nickname of 
“Lord Haw-Haw", were both 
expatriate Irishmen who 
strove to bury all irace'of titeir 
rational origins. In Double 
Cross , the latest production of 
the Derry-based Held Day 
Company, Thomas Kiiroy at- 
tacks this joint conundrum by 
examining the two lives for 
tbe light each casts on the 

As there is no evidence that 
Bracken and -Joyce ever met, 
Mr Kilroy resorts to a parallel 
enquiry in the form of two 
virtually self-con rained plays, 
with each hero absorbed in bis 
own -affairs while obsessively 
aware of the career of his 
opposite number. Bracken lis- 
tens to German radio and 
hears himself described as 
“that well-known poseur and 
parasite”: while Joyce keeps 
abreast of Bracken's ffibraie- 
boosling. warnings against 
“Tiuie-Taule Tom” and' 
“Rodney Rumour”. 

One point that emerges- with 
absolute clarity is that Brack- 
en and Joyce present a grand- 
scale example of the Irish 
tradition of shedding their 
oppressed status by becoming 
more English than the English. 
In their case the masquerade 
went beyond the usual social 
and artistic conquests into foe 
world of political power. - 
For Mr Kilroy. I Suspect, 
this would rank as a cliche 
unworthy of restatement At 
all events, he dwells hardly at 
all on tbe Irish background 

Stephen Rea’s vividly imagined' and unrecognizable doable 
- _act, as Brendan Bracken (left) and Will jam Joyce 

arfd concentrates on foe 
present actions of “two men 
who invented themselves”. 
We see Bracken juggling whh 
two telephones as he coaxes 
London hostesses and news- 
paper-owners to dance to his 
tune. We see Joyce likewise 
exercising long-distance infltt- 
ence from his Berlin radio 
studio. - We see ' both men 
giving their women a hard 
time: .Bracken rejecting his 
girlfriend even when she is so 
kind as to dress up as a Boy 
Scout, and Joyce beating up 
his wife when she confesses to 
an affair. There is. also 
Bracken's _ criminal brother 
who haunts him with black- 
mailing demands; and tbe 
suggestion is lodged that this 
figure also stands for Joyce. 

However, no clear pattern 
takes shape from the accumu- 
lated- parallels; feast of all the 
idea that social play-acting in 
some way leads to fascism and 
treason. And- one is left with 
the feeling that, if there is any 
answer to foe enigma, it is to 

be found in . Ireland, not in 
wartime Berlin or the office of 
Lord Beaverbrook. 

Jim Sheridan’s production 
is extremely proficient in en- 
compassing a long character 
list and frequent changes of 
location with three.actors and 
a back-projection screen. The 
overwhelming reason for see- 
ing ffie show is supplied by 
Stephen Rea. wbo achieves a 
vividly imagined and unrec- 
ognizable transformation be- 
tween foe two protagonists. 
His chestnut-haired Bracken, 
squelching Oxbridge vowels 
like over-ripe fruit, is a buf- 
foon- with a core of steel; his 
Joyce, sporting a Brixton duel- 
ling scar, a fanatic of perverse 
intelligence with unlooked-for 
powers of affection. Their 
joint meaning may remain 
undisclosed but separately 
they are alive. Kate O’Toole 
and Richard Howard dispatch 
foe supporting rotes with re- 
sourcefulness and precision. 

Irving Wardle 

Mnmbo Jumbo .. ; 

Royal Exchange 
Ma nchester ' 

The literary quotations that 
feature so portentously the 
Royal Exchange's program- 
mes grow ever more eclectic: 
Larkin. Heaney,. Harold Wil- 
son. John Clare. Theodore 
Roosevelt and Tim Brooke- 
Ta* lor — eat* adds his penny- 
worth to the current jumble. 
Such a catholic display to 
introduce a Protestam drama. 

Robin Gfendinni&g's sec- 
ond staged work, and thejoint 
of the Mobil Play- 

class in a chanted group recital 
of Vacbel Lindsay’s jtoem 
“The Congo” - The Dean’s 
assertion that “poetry . can J set 
you free” rings hollowly in the 
mind of his- star pupil, 
Dunham,, a-budding poet tor- 
tured both by the guilt of his 
privileged postion in an un- 
just Society and, ever more 
agonizingly, by the genetic 
urge which finds scant satis- 
faction in the expedient ho- 
mosexuality . . of boarding- 
school life. 

The two crosses Dunham 
has to Deaf loom even larger at 
home, where bis father has 
just been elevated to . foe 
judiciary (and will therefore 
preside, over jiuyiess courts) 

beats him to the tape by taring 
his virginity before Dunham 
has . even, experienced a 
“proper” kiss. 

The casting of Michael 
Grandage and John Eimes as 
this contrasting but comple- 
mentary pair makes their 
exchanges a prodigy of truth- 
ful observation, and Dan Gor- 
don is also excellent as their 
snide, knowing and verbose 
classmate. Nigel Stock is Tbe 
Dean and. Denys Hawthorne 
as the judge have less demand- 
ing roles which they get abso- 
lutely right 

Nicholas . Hjrtner directs 
with verve and economy and a 
.sensitive ear for ihe; script's 
many resonances. This is 


writing competition. Muntbo. . ... ... 

Jumbo devolves almost. <n- .. and where foe. sight of foe . quite foe best production i 
tireK id a Belfast Boarding - schoolgirl next door provides have seen of his, but then it is 
School where an enthusiastic, . * shimmering - focus for his . probably ihe best new play he 
a^Ei^^ta^erlatoWRas- . adolracrot tongin^ Hia-best :J*astackfed. 

The Dean .uses his vralkung- .frfenA ptsaney, both scorns 

atick to conduct a.sixforform- .to political liberalism- and . JYl&rtill UTOppCT 




Festival Hall 

Wafted there by gentle spon- 
sorship from Chanel, the 
Philhannonia are drifting in 
spirit to France for the next 
■week in a .series of concerts 
“Aprts L’Aprts-Midi” Per- 
haps Simon Rattle, who con- 
• duct$- all five evenings, 
sdthewhat overstates foe case' 
in suggesting that French mu- 
sic is unduly negl«raL It is, 
after all, the subject of the 
R oyal P hilharmonic Society's 
current season, and - of the 
Bath Festival soon to begin. 
But still the chance to hear 
him in some of bis favourite 
repertory is not to be missed. 

We began, of course, with 
Debussy's prelude to Mailar- 
me, a little stiffly played, 
though foe piece is next to 
impossible to make work in 
the concert halL But that is 
emphatically not the case with 
Iberia, which closed the con- 
cert in fine style. Mr Rattle 
.kept themovement strong and 
pitnrposeful through all his 

of colour pointed the history 
of the work back through 
Pierrot lunaire (something she 
must do some day) to cabaret, 
but the final enigmatic sonnet 
really ought to be a long way 
.on from there. 

Paul Griffiths 



Elgar's perception of an artist 
.as Somebody set apart from 
others found its most direct 
expression in his choral ode 
The Music Makers, with its 
mixture of heroic optimism 
and nostalgic regret in tbe 
setting of a poem by Arthur 
O’Shaughsessy and its wealth 
of musical self-quotation. 
Richard Hickox conducted an 
eloquent performance of it at 
the London Symphony Orch- 
estra's conceit on Saturday 
night, which was also by way 
ot heralding the work's forth- 
coming first new recording in 
almost 20 years. 

It will have, as here. Felicity 
Palmer as tbe contralto solo- 
ist, gloriously secure and 
forthright in her singing on 
. _ . - . . this occasion, as much in her 

riianges of texture Mtd speed, * incandescent tfiumination of 
leading by way of marvel- ^ DOt 



Wigmore Hall 

T wo encores. *’ Depuis le jour" 
from Charpentier's Louise 
and *’A brown bird singing”, 
went to the very heart of the 
matter. London has waited 
long enough for Valerie 
Masterson's recital and recital 
record. They arrived together 
at the weekend with almost 
identical programmes, and 
gave the Masterson following 
all it warned; foe warm, 
sensuous “Diva de l'Empire” 
on the one hand, and foe fresh, 
milk-and-roses English par- 
lour lass oo foe other. 

England first Miss Mas- 
1 risen turned to Arne. Handel 
and Henry Bishop to warm up 
and. with the help of Graham 
Johnson (piano) and Richard 
Adeney (flute), dallied “Under 
the greenwood tree" and rose 
with the gentle lark. Her 
instinctive phrasing and fault- 
less caniabile can have a 
tendency to stand in for any 
highly particularized or indi- 
vidual response. And. when 

top notes are regularly squee- 
zed as if something were 
always being held in reserve, it 
does make for a somewhat 
trying flatness of timbre. Be- 
fore foe interval it seemed as if 
the golden mean were alk a 
sunny impassiveness hovered, 
and one longed for a different 
lint a particularly in foe little 
grief-stricken Paisiello aria. 

Gounod got her going. 
There was much to enjoy in 
foe way she bound together 
foe noctural language of 
“Absent" into long, warm 
lines, and in the vocalise 
which shadowed her Victor 
Hugo “Sere". Bizet's domestic 
narative sprung to sprightly 
life in his "Vieille Chanson”, 
and Satie's “Diva” found her 

One hesitates to carp at such 
affectionately idiomatic artist- 
ry: but foe Gallic muse would 
have smiled more broadly if 
Miss Masterson had not been 
quite so laid back about her 
vowels: "pair for “pale”, to 
cite just one example, is 
pardonable once,. but twice is 
simply careless. 

Hilary Finch 

tously dear yet soft detail in 
the central section to a sharp 
final crack, foe music snapped 
out of sight just where another 
composer would have been 
launching his coda. 

Within the Debussy miter 
layers, there were song trip- 
tych* • by Ravel, and . at foe 
centre Boulez's Ritueh by far 
the most un-Debussian of this 
composer’s scores. It is also 
the most over-played, certain- 
ly by the standard of what it 
has Co say, which is not very 
much, and all of that gloomy. 
There was some piquancy in 
hearing the vagaries of the 
unfixed timing produce a 
.close in C minor for four 
violins at one point, but that 
'was a modest return. Tbe 
British premiere of one of 
Barraduf s works would have 
been a far more festive catch. 

But foe Ravel was interest- 
ing. Maria Ewing’s cool in 
Shehfrazade was wonderfully 
illuminating, revealing “Asie” 
as the indolent dream of 
someone who has no intention 
of travelling further east than 
foe Marais (Mr Rattle's exqui- 
sitely nonsensical conducting 
of foe Chinese episode was in 
foe same vein), and showing 
that foe-title of “L'lndifferent” 
can apply as much to the girl 
in foe doorway as to foe youth 
who passes by. Tbe song was 

donees if with an eroiicsbrug, 

and, if that , meant a slithery 
approach, to pitches and note- 
values. if was hard to object. 

The MalJarra£ songs, 
though, are more difficult to 
take ibat wav. Miss Ewing's 
freedom and her wide swerves 

depart” as in her great cry of 
welcome to those “from the 
dazzling unknown shore” who 
will show, foe future. The 
London Symphony Chores, 
uncommonly buoyant of tone 
in sopranos and tenors, re- 
sponded with a brightness that 
needed only some further 
feeling for the deeper spirit of 
the words. 

Mr Hickox conducted with 
a sensibility to music and text 
that came close to the heart of 
the work, and began to gener- 
ate foe requisite warmth of 
character from the moment 
the cellos sang their theme in 
the mtrodution. This hall is 
not kind to music that de- 
pends so much on balance and 
perspective, often fudging 
what should be our focus of 
attention, but there were mo- 
ments of sadness and splen- 
dour to reflect that “each age 
is a dream that is dying, or one 
that is coming to birth”. 

In. the first part of foe 
programme a breezy but disci- 
plined account ctf Weber’s 
Oberon Overture was followed 
by Ida HaendeTs serenely 
poised performance of Men- 
delssohn'S Violin Conceno. 
She was over-indulgent with 
portameml in foe first move- 
ment particularly, but she 
spun a beautiful thread of soft 
tone when required as well as 
tacking nothing in more extro- - 
vert technique; The orchestral 
playing -was a model of style 
and discernment ’ in support- 
ing her. 

Noel Goodwin 



8 King Street, London SWL Tfel: 01-839 0060 
Monday 12 May and Tuesday 13 May 
at 11 a.m. and 2.30 p.m. each dav 
Tuesday 13 May at II a.m. and 2.30 p.m. 
Thursday 15 Mav at 10.30 and 2.30 p.m. 
Friday 16 Mav at 11 a.m. 


Christie's South Kensington is open to pjm. on 
Mondays. For information on the 1 3 sales this week 
please telephone 01-5B1 ”611 
Christie's have 25 local offices in the UK. If you 
would like to know the name ot your 
nearest representative please telephone 
Caroline Treffgame on 01 -5$S 4424 





toussjwn. MICHAEL MEY9 

t3 May-7 June 

Mon-Fri 8pm Sat 7&9pm 


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Village Voice 

Tvs^iveep to pi©^| 
officialdom wrong 

Victor Zorza starts his two weeks ‘on approval* in a 
Himalayan village aod finds lack of privacy the most 
v irksome aspect lie kas to overcome 

Joy at Liverpool; Alan Haases, captain of die team that beat Everton, passing the Cop to Kenny Dalglish, player-manager,- at the start of a victory parade. 

Final redeems city’s Meltdown 

sporting reputation danger 

••" .a 




>V**« '<•» 

Grief at Bradford: Martin Fletcher comforted by his mother. 

Memorial unveiled for 
football blaze victims 

Hundreds of people, includ- Ajeeb, in the unveiling 
ing Mr Neil Kinnock. the ceremony. 

Labour Party leader, attended A white lily for each of those 

the unveiling in Bradford who died was laid by the 
yesterday of a memorial to the statue. Among the crowd, 
56 football supporters who which included many survi- 
died in the fire at the city's vors of the blaze, was Martin 
Valley Parade ground on May Fletcher, aged 1 3, who lost his 
1 1 Iasi year (Peter Davenport brother. Cither, grandfather 
writes). and uncle in the blaze. Yester- 

The 4 ft high statue of three day he bad to be comforted by 
cloaked figures and bearing his mother, Mrs Susan 
the names of the dead in Fletcher, 
bronze was a gift from Later they attended a ser- 
Bradford's twin town of vice in the city's cathedral 
Hamm in West Germany. Its where a plaque was unveiled 
Burgermeister. Mrs Sabina in thanks to those who con- 
Zek, joined the local Lord tributed to the disaster appeal 
Mayor, Mr Mohammed fond, which raised £4 million. 

Continued from page 1 
the terraces as oe the pitch. 

The final was monitored 
closely by European football 
authorities, who decided again 
last week not to allow English 
dabs back into their competi- 
tions as part of the continuing 
punishment for the Heysel 
disaster in which 39 spectators* 
died as a result of rioting by 
Liverpool Ians. 

Yesterday as the teams 
returned to a welcome from at 
least 501MHN) people lining the 
streets, the words of the police 
officer in charge of seonity 
arrangements at Wembley 
were welcomed. Chief Supt 
Graham Dark said: “They 
were a good-fanmonred crowd. 
I wish all football Ians be- 
haved that way." 

There were jast 51 axTests in 
a crowd of 100,000, and those, 
according to Scotland Yard, 
were for public order offences. 
None were of a serious nature. 

The ho m ecoming was for 
removed from Oe crestfallen 
return of supporter* who had 
been at the European Cap 
Final »« ggh»«* Javeatns. 

There had been strenuous 
efforts to promote Saturday's 
game as the “friendly final". 
Both teams appeared together 
in photographs under the label 
“Merseyside United**, a slo- 
gan which was chanted loudly 
by large sections of the crowd 
after QrerpooTs victory. 

Both teams travelled hack to 

Liverpool on the same char- 
tered aircraft, and made an 18- 
mile tear of the city h two 
open-topped bases, after a 
civic reception at the airport 

Kenny Dalglish, Liverpool's 
player-manager, summing up 
the reaction to the behaviour 
of the fans, said: “Their 
behaviour has been better than 
ever this season. It just does 1 
not stand op to think English 
dobs should be banned from 
Enrope for another season." 

Since the twin tragedies of 
Brussels and Bradford last 
season, which prompted prime 
ministerial interest in anting 
football hooliganism, there 
have been successes. The De- 
partment of the Environment 
said that arrests at First 
Division grounds were down 
by 30 percent, and at the two 
Liverpool dubs arrests this 
season totally only 69, com- 
pared with 213 fast year. 

The police say that a combi- 
nation of spectator disgust at 
the events of Heysel, new 
alcohol regulations and the 
Installation of doscd-drcuit 
television cameras at die 
ground bare all played apart. 

The figures win be present- 
ed as a sign of better (hues for 
football when the liaison offi- 
cers from all police forces with 
First Dirisioo football dobs in 
their areas meet in Bbming- 
ham in Jane to review 
progress on combatfog foot- 
ball hooliganism, 




Continued from Page 1 
the contamination around the 
reactor is so high that this 
promise could remain unreal- 
ized for many years. 

In the meantime, techni- 
cians in special protective 
Clothing wiU have to maintain 
a permanent round-the-clock 
watch to prevent any danger 
to the other three reactors. 

Last night. Mr Ivan Sflayev, 
a first deputy chairman of the 
Praesidium of the Council of 
Ministers, said about die latest 
progress in the complex dean- 
up operation: “The great ca- 
tastrophes predicted in the 
West have not happened. 
Today, we are sure that the 
danger bag mkM althoug h 
this does not mean that our 
work is over." As the official 
death toQ in the disaster, 
doubled from' two to four, 
Western experts predicted that 
the final toD of Soviet casual- 
ties would be substantially 
higher than feared because 
bureaucratic delays left some 
40,000 Ukraine residents ex- 
posed to high radiation levels 
for a week longer than origi- 
nally thought. 

The admission of the new 
casualties was first made in a 
West German magazine inter- 
view by Mr Valentin Fafin, 
head of the. official Novosti 
neWs agency. 

A local official told me about the dark 
“secrets some, of the villages in the 
harbour area. “They have a tot to hide,” 
he said, “and won’t stay.” I had 
two weeks in which to provehim wrong. 

The villagers had informed me that 
the. quartets they had allocated to me 
.would be needed for“oither things” after 
. a fortnight. This, I knew, was the pretext . 
they would use if they wanted to be rid 
.of me. I would be there on approval: ■ 

. My traydshad already taught me that 
mountain villages don't take kindly to 
outsiders, they feel they have good 
reason to mistrust them. In the past 
strangers haves often turned out. to .be : 
conquerors who carac to pillage and to 
rape, or traders who came to cheat and 
to exploit, or .officials who came to 
extort taxes or bribes. 

The official, who told me how - 
inhospitable: the villagers were was 
trying to deter me from settling down 
among them. lt was the villagers who 
were the villains, he main rained, not 
outsiders. Men would sometimes sell 
their women to brothel-keepers who, he . ; 
said, came from the cities in search of 
recruits. Drunkenness was endemic and 
pernicious. The Government had im- 
posed prohibition, but illicit brewing 
was rife and brought other crimes in its . 
wake. The forests were full of poachers 
with unlicensed guns. Child marriage, 
though forbidden, was common. 
“That,” he explained, “is why they 
don't want any strangers around.” ’ _ 

All these things did Happen, as I kne w 
from my own experience in the hills, but 
they were by no means as common as he 
claimed. The village I. was making for 
when 1 met him had been recommend- 
ed to me as a poor but happy 
community, upright and law-abiding, u 
villagers did sometimes find themselves 
on the wrong side of the law,T tokUrim, 
it was because they were poor and 
ignorant “You foreigners always think 
that,” be retorted. “You’re always taken 
in by hardrluck stories.” 

The road into the mountains ended 
abruptly in a village at the bottom of the 
valley. From there, the path .rose, gently 
at first, and then more and more 
steeply. Sometimes it was just a narrow - 
ledge zig-zagging up an almost sheer 
rockface, sometimes a 6ft-wide track 
hacked out of the mountainside. Finally 
the path entered a dark pine forestland - 
then emerged from it to bring the village 
into view. The ascent, counting thehans 
to recover one’s breath — and to admire 
the view — had taken nearly four hours. ' 
The old headman, now retired, whom 

I had met on my frrat visit, wdc omed 
me graciously, but with just' enough 
. reserve to make it dear that I had not 
yet been fully accepted. 1 was on iriaL 
ami on my best behaviour r- which 
meant that I would have to curb my 
urge to ask the villagers how they 
. managedto eke out a livingJinthese 
harsh mountains. Even innocent ques- 
tions might seem suspect arid would put 
them on their guard. 

- But my room was always iulL' 
Children m varied it in. die morning. 

watchedrnecook break&st,.neverlified 

their eyes off me as I ate, ami then 
followed me around the vflla^ .The 
grown-ups would come in, UM^kferi , 
sometimes before I rose, and stare as 1 
changed into my day clothes They 
would be in and out ail day to observe 
the strange creature from another 
world, until they bad seen me. into bed. 

The lack Of privacy is for me ifcemost 
irksome, aspect of village life, but one 
must learn to accept it <md, even more 
important, to understand it Most of the 
village's 70 familie s are dosefy : related. 
Most of the villagers have grows up 
together. They know each, .other, as 
intimately as if they-were brothers and 

: No one knodcs on the door tq enter 
somebody efae’s dwelling. They are 
always in eachotber’s house. They seem 
to need no privacy, because, tbey see 
themselves as a small, selfcontained 
universe, as- kith and kin, closely 
mleriodted and compfetely mterdepen- 
dent The warmth and secimtY stich 
cohesiveness brings: make up for the 
lack of privacy — perhaps. 

They were getting used to. me! They 
were beginning to volunteer informa- 
tion about themselves, about.. their 
hopes and needs. If only - the stream 
could be harnessed, to irrigate their 
fields, they might be able- to grow more 
food. If rady a way; could be. fwrad to 
fend off the forest animals wfaicti woe 
always devouring' their crops," If 
only . . . -• .. f . 

■ They, were curious about what a 
journalist doe^ and why, arid I tried to 
enlighten than: After toy first visit to 

the animals’ depravations, mid now I 
told them about the^sugge&tidia arid 
offers of help this had elicited from 
readers. •; • 

I think ifiey understand why T am 
here. They invited me to stay. . • 

Next week: Bftteriunrvest 
®YictorZoBa/l9tt -.. 


Today’s events 

The Queen attends a Thanks- 
giving Service to mark the 
Sescmuenaiy of the Treaty of 
Windsor. St George’s Chapel, 
Windsor, 1 1 JO; and then, enter- 
tains the President of Portugal 
and Senhoia Maria de Jesus 
Soares to luncheon at Windsor 
Oistle, 1; and later, attends a 
Reception given by the Ambas- 
sador of Portugal in honour of 
the President of the Portuguese 
Republic, 1 1 Bdgrave Sq, SWl, 

Princess Anne attends a Char- 
ity Premiere of Chess in aid of 
the Stars Organization for Spas- 
tics. Prince Edward Theatre, 
Old Compton St, Wl. 7 JO. 

The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of Cot Death Research, 

the Foundation Ah' the Study of 
Infant Deaths, presents the 
prizes for “Create a Christmas 
Card Competition", TSB Build- 
ings, St Mary's Court. 100 
Lower Thames St, EC3, 1 1.3a 
New exhibitions 

Landscape: Diverse Aspects, 
Gumstool Gallery, Tetbnry, 
Gloucestershire; Mon to Sat 10 . 

The Times Crossword Pszde No 17,043 


1 They take care a drug's in a 
compound form (9). 

6 The dish featured in one of 
Goya's pictures (5). 

9 Circular Made used with 
constraint (71 

10 Dress in a bright colour hav- 
ing finished work (7). 

11 A cross on an island that 
needs no explanation (5). 

32 Place housing order (9). 

13 Record circle becoming nar- 
rower (S). 

15 Found lacking in nobility 

19 Detectives covering some 
distance? (4L 

20 Odd characters press one for 
an answer (8). 

23 About fifty entered, it's con- 
cluded (9). 

24 A little place that's not 
owner-occupied (5). 

26 Opposed to the Bar (7). 

27 A private art-gallery causing 
disquiet (7). 

28 Song about a holy man get- 
ting excited (5). 

29 Compromises — offers 
greens and mash (9). 


1 Boldness shown by every- 
body involved in bridge (9). 

2 A good violin is a doll one 

3 The writer made real con- 
vcrt * (2J,4). 

4 A misanthrope in no matter 
what element (8). 

5 It’s bound to happen un- 
expectedly (6). 

6 Attending the big match to 
demonstrate (6). 

7 China appears quite forth- 
right about the alternative 
church (9). 

8 Provision for tea is a help to 
a sportsman (5). 

14 Chief taking standard sum 

16 Wind screen set in upright 

position (9). 

17 Top musicians get fillet (8). 

18 He’s an expert, but people 
may well see through him 

21 Comets after a horse (6). 

22 Fast that's right in two ways 
( 6 ). 

23 “ — is a cad and coward" 
(Chesterton XS). 

25 Permission to make a be- 
quest (5). 

The Solution 
of Saturday's 
Prize Puzzle 
No 17,042 
will appear 
next Saturday 

I to 5.30, Thurs 10 to 1 (ends May 


Recital by Peter Cropper (vi- 
olin), Peter Hill (piano an<f 
Bernard Gregor-Smith (cello); 

Recital by the Lindsay String 
Quartet Studio Theatre, The 
Crucible, Sheffield. 7.45. 

Concert by Barry TuckweO 
and Richard Rodney Bennett 
GuildbaJL Cambridge, 8. 

Concert by the Halle Or- 
chestra; Colston Hall, Bristol, 

Concert by Paul Tortelier and 
the English Chamber Orchestra, 
Chelmsford Cathedral, 8. 

Conceit by the National Trust ’ 
Baroque Chamber Players and 
Peter Mountain (violin), 
Hillsborough, Belfast 8- 
Piano redta] by Frank Lane, 
The Norfolk Hold, Bourne- 
mouth, 7.30. 

Concert by Cappdla Nova, 
Glasgow Cathedral, 7 30, 
Concert by Sermace. The 
Sound of Five. St Mary’s, 
Clifton Village, 730. 

Jazz by John Sunnan and 
Karen Krog, Gardner Centre, 
University of Sussex, Stanmer 
Park, Brighton. 8. 

Talks and lectures 
To Unfold and to Present by 
Verdi Yahooda, Impressions 
Gallery of Photographs, 17 
Collietgate, York, 7 
Birmingham’s Historic Build- 
ings by L-C Braith waite. The 
Birmingham and Midland In- 
stitute, Margaret St, Bir- 
mingham, 630. 


Antique and Collectors Fair, 
Town HalL B&krvreH, 10 to S. 

Book Fair, Abbey Theatre, 
Westminster Lodge. St Aftnuxs, 
10 to 5. 

Last chance to see 
Ceramics by Ben Aravp and 
Glass by Tessa Clegg, Coper- 
mean Connection, Lock House, 

Nature Notes 

Mixed .flocks of swallows, 
house martins and swifts are 
feeding over reservoirs: they 
climb and swoop rapidly as the 
insects are carried up and down 
by the wind. Cockoo6 are back, 
and caning loudly: many fe- 
males defend a large territory, 
where they can find p l enty of 
other birds' nests to lay their 
eggs in. The males, (who give the 
‘’cuckoo’’ call), wander more 
freely. Over reed-beds and 
osiers, the air is foil of sedge 
warblers, fluttering up in brief 
song-flights. Whitethroats also' 
fling themselves into the air and 
sing briskly above the green 
hawthorn hedges; lesser white- 
throats give their rattling call 




Beverley. East Yorkshire; Wed 
to Mon 10.30 to 6 (ends May 12) 

The Week’s Walks 

Today; Aloys and Bye- Ways or OW 
London, men StPatTs Und e rg ro und, 11; 
Nature Wafc around Snvadwm Common, 
moot Rookary Car Parte. 4 . 30 : The. 
Famous Sherlock Hotnss OatectM T rafl. 
meat Baker Sheet Underground. 730. 

Tonwrow Inns ot Cowt-Lawyere Lon- 
don. meet Bb ek t nn Under g round. 11: 
Shakespeare in London, meet Mem of 
Londoa. £30: A Ghost VWk-Tho Haunted 
Wtot End (end ki a p^L meet Embaofc- 
ombi Undngraund, 7M. 

Wedmedey: ferns at Court-EngtancTs 

Concise crossword, page 10 

V I ■ ■ 

>4ra to. aJ j '» ’ -fcw 


Winning numbers in- the 
weekly draw for Premium Bond, 
prizes are: £100X100: I0LP 
276667 (winner lives in Wake- 
freld)j£50.000: 35 AB 220999 
(Surrey)-£25,00Q:. QP 785897 

.Parliament today 

Corudobs (230): Debate on. ' 
infrastructure investment in the 
North- west. Motion for the 
Spring adjournment. - 

Lords (230): Debate on 
letevistQf - of proceedings of 
House of Lords. ' 



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Fears of 

From Maxwell Newton . . 

New York 

The Group of Seven summit 
hi Tokyo might never have 
happened, judging by the reac- 
tion of the US financia l 

The refusal of (he Eteope-: 
ans to discuss then- agriadtmr- 
ai policy and the refhsal of the 
West Germans to consider 
farther interest rale cuts left 
the Americans with no tangi- 
ble successes to bring home. 

Talk of joint currency inter- 
vention and co-ordination of 
economic policies when there 
is such a maelstrom of name] 
rushing electronically around 
the world every day is seen as 
evidence of old-fashioned 
thinking by politicians. . . 

Each day there are now 
some 300 billion foreign ex- 
change transactions in New 
York, enough to swamp com- 
pletely any feasible centra! 
bank action. 

The yen has reached a 
record of IdS to the dollar and 
has all the marks of going up 
farther. There is no Indication 
tint the US authorities have 
the slightest intention of doing 
anything about it- The yen has 
appreciated almost 50 pa- cent 
since the September 1985, a 
stunning reversal of the previ- 
ous years. 

Tbe American bond mar- 
kets are extremely nervous 
about tbe currency trends as 
die Japanese' provided the 
foods to finance about one 
third of the $200 billion 
federal budget deficit in fiscal 
1985 (endedAprfl 1986). 

Fjeais that die Japanese 
may abandon the US bond 
markets have driven the 30- 
year bond yield up from 7.13 
per cent on April 15 to almost 
7.5 per cent today. 

As the Japanese hove suf- 
fered appalling currency 
losses and the yield gap 
between longer-dated US and 
Japanese issues has fatten 
from about 400 basis points to 
under 200 in foe past four 
months, foe incentive for foe 
Japanese to look elsewhere is 

The hope is that the yen’s 
rise against foe dollar b 
ending, so encouraging foe 
Japanese tote the US financial 


peeled to lead to foe long 
downtrend in US interest rates 
continuing, once foe trauma of 
last week's $27 bflfion Trea- 
sury bond auction is eat of foe 
way. A big downward revision 
of the first quarter &2 percent 
real GNP growth is expected 
to be announced oo Tuesday of 
next week, perhaps to as little 
as 1.5 per cent 
Indications are that the 
second-quarter number might 
be worse than the first quarter, 
raising foe possibility of aero 
growth in foe second quarter. 

The Federal Reserve is, 
understandably, in a state of 
coafosion. A too-easy domes- 
tic monetary policy may en- 
courage the ultimate night- 
mare of a run on the dollar, 
while a ton-tight policy may 
precipitate a recession. 


TODAY - Interims: Associat- 
ed Energy Services, HOC 
Group, uiulever (first quar- 
ter). Funds: Delyn Packaging, 
Outwich Investment Trust, 
TR Technology Investment 
Trust, Tysons (Contractors). 
TOMORROW - Interims: 
Concentric, GBC Capital, 
Holmes & Marchant Group. 
Smith and Nephew (first quar- 
ter). Finals: Anglo American 
Coal (expected May 14X Ches- 
terfield Properties, Dataserv, 
William Morris Fine Arts, 
North Sea &_ General _Oil 
Investments, Parkland Tex- 
tile, Walter Bondman, Sears, 
Warn ford Investments. 
WEDNESDAY - Interims: 
Baggeridge Brick, China & 
Eastern Investment Compa- 
ny, Commercial Union Assur- 
ance (first quarter). Genera 
Accident (first quarter), NSS 
Newsagents. Ultramar (first 
quarter). Finals: Asda Proper- 
ty Holdings, Duport, External 
investment Truss, Gieves 
Group, Henderson Group. 
Land Securities. Mappin & 
Webb Holdings, Ramco Oil 
Services. Steaua Romana. 
THURSDAY - Interims: 
British Petroleum (first quar- 
ier), English China pays, 
Grand Metropolitan, Radio 
Clyde, Royal Dutch Petro- 
leum (first quarter). Royal 
Insurance (third qu^U* 
“She IT Transport and Trad- 
ing (first quartaX Earner 
Estate Holdings- Finals: Bank 
of Ireland, 0 Oro Mining and 
Exploration. Exploration 

Company, John Foster and 
Son. CE Heath, Investors m 

FRIDAY - Interims: ASEA. 
/first quarter)- Finals: Com- 

orehensive Financial Services, 

Investment. Yorklyde. 

£9m purchase 

Fox & Sca the 

estate agent in wtaeb 
Royal Life insurance 
X a stake, has bougi 

British Coal set for profit Executive Editor Kenneth Reel 

despite price pressure R , eai message behind 

the Tokyo rhetoric 

By David Young, Energy Correspondent 

British Coal. the. renamed to the power stations is 
National Coal Board, is on realistic 
target lo return to profitability They also believe that' oil 

this financial year — provided prices wBf rise to about $20 a 
ncao persuade another 15.000 band mid that industrial users 
miners, to Ifcave foe industry ' win again consider converting 
voluntarily in the - next 12 . ofl-frred plant to coal-burning, 
months. The required redundaties- 

This is to spite of pressure - are not expected to pose reaL 
ftom tbe industry’s main cus- A? . a Y e ?8 e of ■ 

coal prices 
the woridoO 

tom exs to' bring coai prices 1 0,000 leave the industry each 
down to fine wftfi the woridofl year through natural wastage 
price. . - and the scheme under which 

‘ miners. opting for voluntary 

British Coal’s optimism has redundancy, receive payments 
been 1 further encouraged by well in of the statutory 

foe prospect of coal increasing 1 , sJatemaximum is due to end 
its. share of the electricty this fintmrial year with a last- 
generating market in the next minnift rush of applimtinns 
20 years as tbe pace of nuclear expected. ' 

power station -building' is hit 
by increased public concern 
oyer safety.- 

J . . ' ano British coal on the pnee 

Tbe managtntent,.Ied by the the power industry pays tor its 
chainnan,Mrlan MacGregor, coal are about to be condud- 
now feel they will be able to ed, with" indications emerging 
persuade tbe etectririty genec- *. that foe coal indusny negotia- 
ating industry that the price tors have persuaded foe eletv 
demanded for coal delivered tricin' industry - to soften 

BCal talks 
may lead 
to merger 

By Alison Eadie : . ■ 

Talks between British Cale- 
donian and International Lei- 
sure Group, Britain's second 
largest package tour operator, 
are believed to have pro- 
gressed ' beyond . aeroplane 
swaps to a full-scale mer^r. . 

Siurb a merger, if h camooffi 
would create Britain's largest 
ami most comprehensive holi- 
day apri business travel and 
leisure group. 

A spokesman fbr-BGaL foe 
privajdy-owned airitoe, yes- 
terday denied that merger 
discussions were on foe table. 
Mr Harry Goodman, chair- 
man ofILG, formerly Iniasun, 
was unavailable for comment 
: However. City sources said 
that HXTs desire to diversify 
into a more broadly based 
leisure group; particularly 
through buying hotels, : had 
extended the baas of discus- 
sion between foe two •_ 
BCal, best known for its 
ewe*»^~ -ak 

routes. V also - owns -the 
Copfoonve Holds -located al 
Gatwick, Banjul in foe Gam- 
bia, Lusaka in Zambia, Barba- 
dos, the Netherlands Antilles, 
Brussels and ' Aberdeen. In 
addition it has interests to 
holds to the Balearic and 
Canary Islands. ; . 

Until recently BCal was a 
sizeable tour operator, tort if 
sdd , its Blue . Sty and 
Arrowsmifo operations . be- 
cause of foe fierce competition 
Three weeks ago BCal an d 

Ian MacGregor expecting to 

persuade CEGB on price 

demands for bjg price reduc- 
tions to bring coal into line 
with short-term world oil 

In return h is likely that 
British Coal will accept that a 
larger proportion of the over- 
all amount of cod supplied to 
the CEGB, its largest custom- 


prompt rate cuts 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

• Anew round of internation- 
al interest rate cuts, led by 
Japan, and good inflation 
news this week should open 
foe way for an early cut in 
British base rates. 

- The Japanese authorities, 
having faded to secure .foe 
cooperation of tbe other major 
'countries in stabilizing the 
yen, and having intervened in 
foe markets- done to little 
effect, may be forced to cut 
interest rates a g ftwi to steady, 
their currency. 

.According to a report from 
Greeawefl Montagu, pub- 
lished yesterday, Japan will 

lake a lead m reducing interest 

rales because of the damage 
being inflicted on foe econo- 
my by the yen’s strength. 

The yen was at 162 against 
the dollar on Friday with 
widespread expectations of a 
firm break through tbe 160 
level this weefe 
■ftodueer juice statistics, to 
be published today, an ex- 

rawmaterialand fedcrats^.. 
by 2 to 3 per cent last month, to 

about 10 per emit down on the 
level of a year earlier. 

The retail prices index, to be 
published on Friday, is expect- 
ed to show that foe rate of 
inflation fell by as much as a 
point, to 32 per cent last 
month. • 

- Greeawefl Montagu says: 
“Real interest rates in the UK 
remain very high internation- 
ally. The UK will respond 
quickly to any fell in interna- 
tional interest rates.” 

Uoyds Bank's International 
Financial Outlook, published 
today, says- that despite foe 
rhetoric offoe Tokyo summit, 
international economic co- 
operation may have run its 
course since foe Plaza agree- 
ment of last September. 

9 per cent by. foe end of. the 
year. Tbe pound is forecast to 
fell to S1.45 against foe dollar 
next March, compared with a 
current „ $1.54, 

andf)M3.05 against &e mark, 
ID per cent down on the 
present teveL 

Indemnity cover urged 

discussing the cross-utfliza- 
tkm pf new aircraft BCal has 
seven Airbus A320s on order 
for 'delivery m 1988' to 1991 
with an option’ to buy three 
more. Air Europe, ELG’s air- 
line, has four Boeh^ 737-300 
ai rc ra ft on order for delivery 
in spring 1987. 

The. Government is expect- 
ed to urge the Securities and 
Investments Board (SEB), foe 
central figure in foe new sdf- 
regulatory framework for in- 
vestor protection, to require 
all* authorized investment 
businesses to take out profes- 
sional^ indemnity insurance. 

Tins follows Jast week’s 
concession to the self-regula- 
tory- organizations (SRO’s), 
which will be largely responsi- 
ble for policing authorized 
businesses. . 

It gave them immunity 
against negligence actions for 
damages which are bought by 
their own members or inves- 

tors. The immunity does not, 
however, protect individual 
members of an SRO who will 
remain vulnerable to legal 
actions brought by investors. 

The Government is under- 
stood to be concerned that this 
right of action wfll not always 
provide sufficient redress for 
investors who have lost mon- 
ey through the negligence of 
an authorized business. 

It therefore wants autho- 
rized bostoesses to be required 
to out insurance against 
their own negligence, and a 
satisfactory compensation 


John Lewis set to expand 

By Derek Bams, Industrial Editor 

• John Lewis Partnership, the 
staff-controlled department 
stores a and supermarkets 
group, is planning su b s tanti al 
expansion especially of its 
department store operation, 
including two new stores and 
extensions for others. 

New Waitrose supermar- 
kets .are also planned. In its. 
wwrral report, just out, Mr 
Peter Lewis, chairman, says: 
“The partnership has a con- 
siderable programme at build- 
ing development in the years 
ahead.” - 

With this in prospect foe 
partnership, which at foe last 
year-end had borrowings ' of 
only 7 per emit of share capital 
and reserves, secured mtenia- 

tVmal funding in March hy 
launching a £50 ntjBioii 
Eurosterfing 20-year bond. 

The partnership intends to 
keep its department store de- 

velopments to in-town sites 
even though an increasing 
somber of competitors ^are 

policy that inner cities must be 
retained as farnfag centres for 
their -populations. - 
There are -21 department 
- sto r e s in. foe group. Sour of 
than having beat added in 
this decade. Its Peterborough 
outfit, with about! 00,000 sq ft 
• of seQhm space, was opened in 
1982. The other three, at 
Welwyn in Hertfordshire, 
Norwich and Bristol, were 
existing stores which were 

. the nextnew store triB be at 
Kingston upon Thames, Sur- 
rey, at arinsslde development 
that is ex pected to include 
some other retail outlets, of- 
fices and possibly a pubtic 
house as well as extensive car 

parking. It is expected to be 
trading by 1990. 

When the new department 
store developments are com- 
pleted foe partnership will 
have more than 50 per cent 
extra floor space compared 
with 1981. 

There are 89 Waitrose su- 
permarkets, foe latest having 
opened earlier this year at 
Dorchester, Dorset. Two more 
are expected to open at Har- 
row Weald in Greater London 
and Bnckhurst HilL Essex, 
tins year.' Another five are 
planned for next year. 

• Dissenting family share- 
holders in Bentilb. the stores 
group, are pressing for an 
urgent meeting with their 
trustees over a plan to redevel- 
op tbe group’s Kingston upon 
Thames site in a £ll0 million 
deal with Norwich Union in- 
surance company 

er, should have its price fixed 
in relation to world coal prices 
and that future contracts will 
be short-term to allow more 
price flexibility. 

The electricity consumer 
bodies have calculated that if 
coal contract prices fall in liae 
with foe world oil price then 
savings at foe power station 

could mean cats of about 6 per 
cent in domestic users’ elec- 
tricity bills. 

Industry representatives are 
also due this week to tell 
British Coal that they feel coal 
prices are not following oil 
prices down fast enough. 

The chemical industry, the 
second biggest user of Bntish- 
mined coal, is to meet British 
Coal to discuss the subject 

The electricity industry has 
said that any price saving h 
can secure from British Coal 
will be passed on to the 
consumer, not to the 

I Spending 
rise lifts 

By Edward Townsend 
Industrial Correspondent 

Britain's civil engineering 
industry, encouraged by extra 
spending on roads and a 
government promise of more 
infrastructure spending, is in 
its best state for years, with tbe 
propor ti on of firms without 
work having fallen to a new 
low of 8 percent- 
while the rise in overall 
activity is marginal, Mr Derek 
GauKer, director-general of 
the Federation of Civil Engi- 
neering Contractors, said foe 
results of the organization's 
latest workload survey gave 
cause for some “rapture”. 

Levels of new work and 
repair and maintenance work 
were expected to remain stable 
which, m comparison with the 
gloom of previous surveys, 
was interpreted by tbe federa- 
tion as “a sign of optimism,** 
be said. 

After a year marred by a 
significant decline in the value 
of new civil engineering or- 
ders. foe latest optimism may 
be based only on recent re- 
ports of the need for more 
spending on roads, water and 
sewerage systems. 

The federation said, howev- 
er, the recent Public Sector 
White Paper confirmed in- 
creases in planned spending 
and that tbe Department of 
Transport had announced the 
intention to dear the backlog 
of repair work on the trunk 
road and motorway system by 
the early 1990s. 

The federation added: 
“Equally, the private commer- 
cial and industrial sectors are 
currently booming”. 

In tbe coming year, 56 per 
cent of the 182 civil engineer- 
ing companies covered by tbe 
smvey expected new orders to 
remain steady and 70 per cent 
predicted that tbe same would 
be true for repair and mainte- 
nance work. This was seen as a 
marked improvement on pre- 
vious surveys and an indica- 
tion of better times to come. 

On the employment front, 
the federation said it was 
disappointed that more firms 
were now shedding labour 
than were recruiting. 

Ted Bates 

Saatchi & Saatchi. the inter- 
national advertising agency, 
has acquired Ted Bates 
Worldwide for $450 million 
(£298 million). 

Bates, which is wholly- 
owned by its employees, is foe 
world's third largest advertis- 
ing agency with tailings of $3. 1 

The merger, according to 
Advertising Age, will create the 
world's largest advertising 
agency with billings of $7.5 
biDion across 150 offices in 50 

Terrorist fears hit US roadshows 

By Richard Lander 

. ' Somewhere oh Wall Street 
there is a very scared analyst 
who. works -for one of 
America’s largest and roost 
prestigious brokerage houses. , 
The analyst, who felt fright- * 
ened enough . to cancel a 
planned visit to London last 
week in tire wake of the 
Libyan bombings, must have 
jumped out of his skin when 

he received a large, bqmb- 

shaped pared from a fimons 

jibed client in London. . The. 
message m the packa^ was 
dear enough: ft was faH of 
cfckke. feathers. . p 
, The analyst just the 
latest to join ihe ranks: of 
Americans not wanting to 
cross foerAtiantte for fear of 
reprisals in foe wake of foe • 
attacks on Tripoli and Bca- 
g frwt British find mangers 
axe now reporting a host of.. 
? :*■ r ?~ . .« ' *“■' • 

fisted. American companies 
over ihe past three weeks. 

Roadshows-are foe lunch- 
and-eftat affairs at which chief 
executives, chairmen and fi- 
nance officers meet invest- 
ment managers to keep them 
up to date on company activ- 

. Id ah average week there, 
may be eight or 10 roadshows 
in -London, generally orga- 
nized by the large US mvest- 
Thent franks and brokers which 
have offices here: While some 
■are intended to raise new 
: money from. British institu- 
tions, roost are aimed merely 
at generating a httie publicity 
and investor awareness -to 
make a company stand out 
from the thousands listed on 
foe various American ex- 
changes and- the ^over-the- 
counter markets. . 

r-7TC fj: Z i»ve 

received as many as a dozen, 
cancellation telexes in foe last 
three weeks, while most can 
report between four and six. 

Among those named as 
staying at home are the First 
Fidelity banking group. Brush 
Wellman, a manufacturer of 
-high-technology materials, 
and electronic card maker 

Taking a charitable view, 
foe managers point out that 
cancellations can happen at 
any time. However, the recent 
torrent of apologetic messages 
has led many to believe that 
foe events hi Libya have had 
more than a passing influence. 

Curiously, the American 
brokerage houses in London 
deny there has been any spate 
of cancellations. Spokesmen 
-at “Merrill Lynch,. - Drexei - 
Burnham Lambert and Mor- 
r-n ftif.LT Ix't'ATCT form 

reported only two stay-at- 
homes, of whom just one was 
linked to political events. 

One or two other US com- 
panies had the courage to 
admit that they cancelled their 
plans “in view of rising inter- 
national tensions and the 
dangers which may affect 
travelling Americans”. 

However, there are also 
those that have pleaded other 

In foe midst of such faint- 
heartedness, however, there 
are signs that the American 
blend of free enterprise and 
bravery still exists — one 
company has been contacting 
investment managers to say 
its executives have no fears 
about coming to. Europe and 
-woukl be happy to nil any 
broken lunch date*. 

No wonder the foreign exchange 
markets are jumpy. Last week’s 
economic summit presented them 
with a bizarre contrast. The owners of 
the world’s most important currencies 
publicly preached enhanced coopera- 
tion, based on ‘‘surveillance’' and 
“indicators”. Not-very-privately, they 
created maximum uncooperative 
confusion by disagreeing about ex- 
change rates. 

There was a time when this contrast 
would not have been so marked: when 
almost tbe only thing on which central 
bankers were agreed was the need to 
keep their intentions unclear. Since 
last year, however, governments have 
espoused another faith, smoothly 
articulated by finan ce ministers in 
Tokyo: that the stabilizing influence 
of central bank cooperation was only 
felt if the markets knew what govern- 
ments were trying to do. Hence the 
deliberate publicity given to the Plaza 
agreement of the Group of Five 
finance ministers last September. 

The Group of Five had reason to be 
pleased with the outcome of the Plaza 
agreement Its January meeting pro- 
duced less dear-cut results, but did 
lead to successive interest rate cuts 
which was something more than a 

Now we have the “economic 
declaration” from Tokyo, claimed by 
the Americans in particular to be an 
important step forward from the 
Plaza. Certainly, the apparatus of 
cooperation was all there, spelt out in 
some detail. Part of the excess 
verbiage was required to outline not- 
too-distinct roles for the Group of 5 — 
the finance ministers of the United 
States, Japan, West Germany, France 
and Britain — and tbe new “Group of 
Seven”, which includes the two minor 
members of tbe summit club, Italy 
and Canada. 

The first consequence of this sum- 
mit decision is that those next down 
the pecking order of the industrial 
economies (notably the Dutch), are 
now demanding inclusion: By the 
time of the autumn meeting of the 
International Monetary Fund, the 
Group of Seven may well have been 
obliged to give way gracefully to the 
Group of Ten (a dub which actually 
includes 11 economies, since the 
Swiss joined in). 

As well as all this ridiculous 
international economic diplomacy, 
the summit polemic on cooperation 
was clearly designed to provide the 
US Treasury Secretary with a message 
for the foil s back home. For Ameri- 
can domestic purposes, “surveill- 
ance” and “indicators” meant agree- 
ment to redress America’s trade 
defidt with Japan. 

An awful lot of ifs and buts lie 
between the language of the summit 
declaration and that possibility. Last 
week’s declaration raises the same old 
question about international coopera- 
tion. How is it to be enforced? 

By “peer group pressure”, was the 
kind of answer given in Tokyo. But fi- 
nance ministers are representatives of 
national interests, and their govern- 

ments will only act when they see 
those interests to be involved. 

Of course, there are occasions when 
tbe apparatus of cooperation can be 
used to show governments that those 
interests are involved. More frequent 
are occasions when one or two big 
economies reckon they are doing 
nicely, thank you, even if the others 
don’t like it. Provided those anti- 
social economies are not in difficulty 
raising international capital, there is 
nothing much the others can do 
except threaten to destroy the world's 
free trading system by blacking the 
miscreants’ exports. 

This has been a fundamental weak- 
ness in the system since the early 
1970s, when the system of fixed 
exchange rates broke down; and it is 
why all today's talk of cooperation 
depends critically on the move to- 
wards managed exchange rates. The 
only sanction against the strong is that 
they do not want to become too 
strong: first the Americans, and now 
the Japanese, have felt the pains of 
exchange rate appreciation. 

So the most important question 
confronting the summiteers last week 
was whether tbe movement in ex- 
change rates initiated last September 
has gone far enough. The Japanese, 
plainly, think the yen has risen 
enough. The Germans are quite happy 
to see the yen rise further, but think 
the dollar has fallen enough for now. 
The British, sitting on the sidelines, 
seem quite happy to see both move- 
ments continue. 

And the Americans? Here there is 
the greatest confusion. Mr Paul 
Volcker is plainly getting worried 
about the dollar but then exchange 
rate intervention is the only monetary 
decision over which the US Treasury, 
not his Federal Reserve Board, has 

The US Treasury seems to believe, 
with reason, that the rise in the yen 
has not gone far enough to make a 
serious dent in Japanese competitive- 
ness. President Reagan's parting com- 
ments in Tokyo (carefully scripted) 
were that both the US Administration 
and the Japanese Government wanted 
stability in tbe yen-doll ar rate. But 
then President Reagan was trying to 
undo some of the damage to Prime 
Minister Yasuhiro Nakasone wrought 
by the summit, and his words were 
discounted by the markets as mere 

It is however possible that they 
signified a little more. We are closer to 
an international consensus than To- 
kyo suggested. Among the big three — 
America, Japan and Germany — there 
is concern about the pace of exchange 
rate movements; none will have 
enjoyed the way the markets have 
interpreted the summit. If this change 
in sentiment can be effectively han- 
dled by central banks, the new 
apparatus of international coopera- 
tion will have some content. If not, it 
will be a diplomatic embarrassment, 
and an economic sham. 

Sarah Hogg 

Economics Editor 

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Party nearly over 
for bond traders 

If you had walked round any 
international bond market in 
the last six months, you 
would have beard them 
crooning “heavenly, simply 
heavenly,” as yields crashed 
and values soared. But as far 
as the British gait investor is 
concerned, the love affair is 
about to end. 

The general consensus now 
is that base rates will fall 
rapidly into singje figures — 
dragged by declining inflation 
and even something of a 
rebound in oil prices. And it 
is that prospect that has 
encouraged the drop in short- 
dated gill yields to 9 per cent 

Look a little further ahead, 
however, and you will see 
that broad money supply is 
expanding rapidly: finure 
trade figures promise to be 
poor; wage settlements are 
likely to stay high; the fall in 
worldwide interest rates has 
virtually run its course, and 
there is good reason to doubt 
that the UK differential can 
be narrowed significantly. 

The extended surge in the 
broad monetary aggregates 
which began in early 1985 is 

- as last week's figures for 
April demonstrated — show- 
ing no signs of coming to an 

It is true enough that 
has been greatly in- 
ned by the persistence of 
high real interest rates and by 
financial deregulation while 
the April figure was distorted 
because the banking month 
straddled the financial year — 
and so both the public sector 
borrowing requirement and 
bank lending were abnormal- 
ly high. 

Even so. despite the distor- 
tions there are still disturbing 
implications of broad money 
growing at a year-on-year rate 
of 1 6% per cent. It means that 
there is a large — and growing 

— overhang of liquidity in the 
economy in short-term ster- 
ling deposits. Mr Lawson has 
argued that the private sector 
wishes to hold this liquidity 
on a permanent basis. 

While we accept an ele- 
ment of truth in this, high 
cash holdings probably reflect 
the current high level of 
interest rates. Should interest 
rates fall, this cash is likely 
either to be spent or to find its 
way overseas — thus putting 
pressure on sterling. So there 
must be a strong official bias 
to keeping rates at levels high 
enough to discourage this. 

The vulnerability of ster- 
ling has also been increased 
by the recent deterioration of 
trade performance. The lurch 
into current account deficit in 
March was caused partly by 
lower oil prices but was also 
because of the disappointing- 
ly poor trend in non-oil trade 
volumes, especially exports. 

Britain's- current account 
has been ^ta- healthy surplus 
since thp late 1970s, but this 
is unlikely to continue. The 

erosion of the surplus will 
gravely weaken one of the 
props underpinning the cur- 
rency. Once again, this will 
reinforce official caution on 
interest rates. 

All this assumesthat main- 
taining a relatively strong 
pouod will remain a priority. 
If the Government is serious 
about containing inflation, it 
will have to pursue policies 
which ensure the pound 
holds up. 

Even so. it is highly proba- 
ble that inflation, having 
dropped to a low point of 
per cent to 3 per cent this 
summer, will subsequently 
firm as the one-off downward 
pressures on domestic prices 
through external influences 
gradually evaporate and as 
wage costs keep growing at 5 
per cent or more. 

Indeed, unless wage settle- 
ments drop significantly, it is 
difficult to avoid the conclu- 
sion that inflation will head 
back up once more, albeit to 
only between 4 per cent and 5 
per cent And if this happens, 
the current tumble in infla- 
tion will be a short-lived 
cyclical low, akin to those of 
1978 and 1983. 

So far, wage settlements 
have shown no sign of falling 
as inflation has dropped. 
Nevertheless, it is possible 
that settlements will forego 
their current stickiness and 
fall early in the 1986-87 wage 
round, which will get under 
way this autumn. Unfortu- 
nately. this cannot be taken 
for granted, particularly as 
the unemployment situation 
may then be stabilizing and 
profits and dividends will 
still be rising at double-digit 

If wage settlements fail to 
fall later this year, then 
expectations are likely to 
adjust to the prospect of a 
of inflaa'i 

inon m 

rising profile 

1987, as the temporary fee- 

tors which are currently de- 
pressing the rate drop away. 
And this would act as a 
further constraint on interest 
rate policy, for the Chancellor 
has made it clear his interest 
rate policy will be strongly 
influenced by what happens 
to wage settlements. He will 
not take many risks if — as is 
likely — unit labour costs 
continue to rise by 5 per cent 
or more a year. 

While the international in- 
terest rate party is almost 
over, it has not quite finished. 
No further reduction in either 
US or West German rates is 
in prospect in the very near 
term but one more cut in the 
US discount rate is probable 
around mid-year in reaction 
to the very slow growth in the 
economy. Indeed, the sec- 
ond-quarter figures may 
show no growth in US gross 
national product at all. 

This last leg of co- 
ordinated cuts m world inter- 
est rates would provide the 

opportunity for a base rate 
cut in Britain but there may 
be little scope, in the light of 
the considerations outlined 
above, for lower rates after 
that. The second-half profile 
could be flat at 10 per cent or, 
at best, 9Vz percent 

Admittedly, this would 
leave British rates high, both 
in relation to interest rates 
overseas and, in terms of 
historical comparison, do- 
mestic inflation. Unfortu- 
nately. Britain has special 
problems which differentiate 
it from many other OECD 
countries which mean that 
rates will need to stay high. 

The failure of the labour 
market to adjust to hi 
unemployment and mut 
reduced inflation is a serious 
problem for the British econ- 
omy. And the broad mone- 
lary aggregates, even though 
distorted, are expanding un- 
comfortably fast by interna- 
tional standards. Some of the 
symptoms of these problems 
can be offset in part by high 
real interest rates and an 
overvalued exchange rate. 

The Government is unlike- 
ly to be too worried by the 
persistence of high short-term 
interest rates. In recent years 
a regime of this sort has had 
little impact on economic 
activity and the current out- 
look for the economy, after a 
temporary pause over the 
winter, is for continuing 

It is also instructive to 
recall that the Government 
was in no great rush to bring 
interest rates down last year 
from their early 1985 crisis 
level of 14 per cent Indeed, 
most in the financial markets 
were extremely surprised by 
the tardiness with which in- 
terest rates were allowed to 

Furthermore, Mr Lawson's 
carefully planned pre-elec- 
tion strategy centres on cuts 
in income tax which will 
boost personal income and 
demand. Keeping interest 
rates high to preserve most of 
the inflation gains will be an 
acceptable cost if the Chan- 
cellor can deliver lower taxes. 

Base rates stuck around 10 
per cent would be disappoint- 
ing to the gilt-edged market. 
Short-term yields have been 
discounting a particularly op- 
timistic view of bass rates 
ever since the hike to 14 per 
cent more than a year ago. At 
the moment this optimism is 
being sustained by the view 
that the next movement in 
base rates will be downwards. 
Unfortunately, if the next cut 
turns out to be the last for 
some time, then the drop in 
short-dated yields will be 
increasingly perceived to 
have gone too fas. 

Ian Harwood and 
John Shepperd 

Fears grow over the financing of 

By Jeremy Warner 
Business Correspondent 

When the management of 
National Freight offered to 
buy the company from the 
Government for £50 million, 
it fired the imagination of 
ambitious executives all over 
the country. Suddenly it 
seemed there was a chance of 
managing and controlling 
ibeif companies flee from the 
deadweight and priorities of 
large corporations. 

That was five years ago. 
Since then, management 
buyouts both in sue and 
number have mushroomed to 
the degree that fears are now 
openly expressed in industry 
and the City about the way 
they are financed. 

Some bankers are worried 
that if the present trend in 
“leveraged'’ buyouts contin- 
ues. a significant proportion of 
British industry could become 
overburdened with debt. 

And the result of that, they 
believe, could be an economy 
progressively starved of neces- 
sary capital investment cou- 
pled with a disproportionately 
large number of company 
failures during the next eco- 
nomic downturn. 

Management buyouts in 
Britain are rarely what their 
name implies, a management- 
financed purchase of a compa- 
ny from its previous owners. 

In most cases, the amount 
of equity involved in the 
buyout is small and the 
manag ement’s stake in the 
equity is even smaller. 

The great bulk of the pur- 
chase price is financed by 
debt. This is provided by 
bankers and institutions, gen- 
erally in return for a slice of 
the equity. 

Typical buyout investors 
look for companies in mature 
industries which are rich in 
assets and strong on cash flow. 
Such companies can tolerate 
much higher levels of debt 
than those in sunrise indus- 
tries with uncertain markets 
and high capital expenditure 

If the buyout works and the 
debt is paid off wi thin a 
reasonable length of time, the 
equity in theory becomes 
worth the whole of the pur- 
chase price or more, bringing 
rich rewards for those in- 
volved. Hence the word 
“leveraged” which is com- 
monly used in the United 
States to describe deals of this 

There have been some spec- 
tacular successes recently. 
Westbury, the Cheltenham- 
based housebuilder, is now 

MANAGEMENT ^ Backed by 


tm other venture. 

M 95 isl capita! 

87 J2L 

78 79j 

venture capitals' tend to 
argue that there is no cause for 
concern since the manage- 
ment buyout business has not 
reached^ anything . like US 
proportions, . 

Furthermore, in only ofte 
buyout so far, ihe£l 73 million 
Mixtion Packaging buyout 
from BAT Industries, did tht 

before- a significant shut oc- <* did sn because the ‘ 

. That bid is currently being 
examined by foe Monopolies 
and - Mergers Commission, 
largely because of Bank of 
England concern that if lever- 
aged transactions on this scale 

curred in the way British 
industry is financed 
Recent figures from. Ven- 
ture Economics show that foe 
amount of finance provided 
for- management buyouts 
nearly doubled last year from 
£255 million in 1984 to £493 
million. These, satisfies ex- 
clude 31 the biggest. operafoi* 
. m themaricet, so foe true sura 
must be raxhhr higher. 

it did so because the initiative 
for the deal came Urgcfvfrom 
Mardon's American of&hoot 
Mr Charles Gonszor, head 
tf Citicorp** increasingly ac- 
tive British venture capital 
'arm, argues that US financing, 
techniques will never he folly 
imported here despite th&T 
influx of American. players 
■ into the City, simply because", 
foe banking environment is 
more conservative and Sisk 

being brought to the stock 
market on a £40 milli on 
valuation, having been bought 
out from its founding family 
for £12 million only a year 

But too often it does not 
work quite like that One 
recent example of failure is the 
Beriei bra manufacturer. 

According to Investors in 
Industry (3iX Britain’s leading 

Economy might be 
starved of 
capital investment 

buyout specialist, only one in 
seven buyouts fails in Britain 
which compares very 
favourably with start-ups 
where the failure rate is more 
like one in four. 

Furthermore, in foe experi- 
ence of 3i, excessive debt is 
rarely the cause of a failure 
though it can hasten the end. 
A much more common cause 
of collapse is management 
strain and inability to cope 
once the umbilical cord with 
. the old patent company is cut 

Nevertheless, leveraged 
deals can and do lead to 
undercapitalized industry 
with the resuft that decisions 
on investment axe put off or 
abandoned altogether. By the 
time the buyout debt is paid 
off managers and investors 
may find that aU they are left 
with is a burnt-out old compa- 
ny using technology that is 10 
years out of date. 

Iu the US. where the num- 

ber, size, and experience of 
leveraged (teals is much great- 
er than in Britain, tins is 
already causing serious 

Dr Henry Kaufman, the 
economic guru at Salomon 
Brothers, recently drew atten- 
tion to the significant contrac- 
tion in the equity base of 
American industry and. its 
replacement with debt. 

He said that the equity- base 
of US corporations contracted 
by $100 hOlipn in 1984 asr a 
result of mergers, acquisitions 
and leveraged buyouts. 

“The addition to corporate 
debt exceeded that to corpo- 
rate equity (retained, earnings 
plus new equity issuance) by a 
record margin' and re-estab- 
lishes an unwholesome trend 
that became so noticeable in 
the second half of the 1970s,” 
he said. 

He also dismissed foe argu- 
ment that contraction or re- 
tirement of shares makes 
available equity mote Scarce 
and therefore supports equity 
prices making it easier to raise 

In fact, “continuous rapid 
debt expansion inhibits share - 
values because of the mount? 
ing debt burden, h inflicts on 
corporations and because in- 
vestors are offered a wide- 
ranging menu of fixed income- 
investments as alternatives to 

In Britain things have not 
reached that stage — yet But 
there are ominous signs. Hrst 
there was the all-cash £1J&- 
billion bid by Elders IXL of 
Australia for Allied Lyons. 

, | . . w ■ AtlAJAW V.U 

This year, foe amount of 7 averse” 
roomy tanunitteff to ^ bnyoms But he concedes that in- 

isstf todouble&am tf current creasingly fierce competition, 
anything to go by 'for nranagemem buyowbesi- 
Shcrald foe aofr rtties step- ness has meant miich higher 

in before it is too late? The 
nearest the Bank of England 
has ever come ; to ! rearing 
guidelines in this area fa in its 
Money for Business booklet in states that a 50 per 
cent debt/equity ratio is toler- 
able but double thar may be 
foe danger level 
* Management buyouts hin g* 
on much higher ratios than 
this with three to one and four 

Role for the Bank 
; tOTOtch ; 
expanding credit 

to one thought of as not 
unreasonable by venture capi- 
talists. This sort of financing 
looks highly conservative 
compared with ratios of up to 
10 to one on many, of the 
mthe US. 

Bank ofEngfand cfcariy 
believes it would be wrong to 
attempt to establish :pruden- 
lial guidelines for companies 
in this area. This would lake it 
into foe contentious field -of 
industrial supervision. : . . 

The Bank nevertheless has a 
role to pfay in the matter of; 
rapidly expanding credit to 
industry if them is" clear 
evidence that this fa becoming 
a substitute for capital. 

Some sort of public state- 
ment outride the evidence the 
Bank is no doubt giving to the 
Monopolies and Mergers 
Commission on. foe Allied: 
Lyons bid, may be called for in 
the not too distant future. 

For the moment British 

. -prices for companies- and this, 
in turn has mu greater pits-- 
sure on the financiers to gear, 
up foe deals. . ' 

Mr Pat Martin, semorvice- 
president of Bankers. Trust, 
another US -bank wtudh has 
become active in the British 
management - buyout- scene,- 
thinks there is a strong possk 
bilfty of American techniques 
befog brought in. •. 

Higher prices for companies 
mean inevitably that an extra 
“mezzanine’' layer of debt has 
to be injected into the deal in > 
order to get the same level of 
equity return On foe transac- ■ 
lions,- he aignCs. 

In the US, this debt has 
. token foe form of unsecured^ 
subordinated loans usually, - 
with an extremely high con^ 
pon a Batched to make it 
attractive to the institutions. • 
A. big secondary market pfo-. ! 
neered by Drexel Burnham • 
Lambert has developed in this ! 
“junk finance”. 

, To date, however, British' 
institutions and bankers have, 
proved reluctant providers of- 
sueft high-risk debt Ode ex-, ; 
ception was the £57 .5 million' • 
buyout of the Haden contract 
engineering group in which 
high yielding, unsecured loans 
were used. 

, -With more, and more ven- 
ture capitalists attempting to 
dimb on to the management 
buyout bandwagon, the pres- 
sure for mezzanine finance fa 

growings. , ; 

“If you want my guess, foe 
mezzanine boys will bem the 
London market by foe end of . 
foeyear” Mr Martin says. 

Bringing a new dimension 
to the British bid defence 

By Alison Eadie 

The frenetic takeover activi- 
ty gripping the stock market 
has put a high premium on foe 
services of professional ad- 

The British takeover spe- 
cialists with the highest pro- 
files today are the merchant 
banks Morgan Grenfell War- 
burg, Rothschild and KJein- 
wort Benson. But, to an 
increasing extent, even these 
well-practised firms are sot 
having the field to themselves. 

The habit of hiring a second 
or even a third merchant bank 
is growing. In several of the 
big Ends of the past three years 
that second bank has been foe 
powerful American invest- 
ment concern, Goldman 

Goldman’s eight-strong 
London mergers and acquisi- 
tions team was called in to 
assist Hambros in defending 
Imperial Group from the un- 
wanted attentions of Hanson 
Trust It is also acting for 
Woo I worth Holdings in tan- 
dem with Rothschild against 
Dixons Group and for Stan- 
dard Chartered with Schroder 
Wagg against Lloyds Bank. 

Mr Peter Sachs, a New York 
senior partner of Goldman 
Sachs, said that, historically, 
the firm has acted for foe 
defence. Acting for foe preda- 
tor was simpler, he said. The 
defence was more 

The traditional British de- 

fence of profit forecasts and 
asset revaluations has not 
been successful of late, howev- 
er. Goldman's analysis of all 
hostile bids in Britain worth 
more than £75 million since 
1 983 shows that the chances of 
remaining independent, with- 
out being saved by a reference 
to foe Monopolies Commis- 
sion. are minimal. There fa 
clearly a market for 
Goldman’s services. 

The New York firm believes 
it can bring an extra dimen- 
sion to the bid defence, be- 
cause of its expertise in certain 
special areas. These areas, 
according to Mr John Thorn- 
ton, who heads the London 
merger team, include valua- 
tions, property, leveraged 
buyouts and arbitrage 

An example of Goldman's 
work on foe valuation front 
surfaced last week when Stan- 
dard Chartered Bank an- 
nounced it was to seek a 
Tokyo listing. The thinking 
was that a Tokyo listing would 
encourage Far Eastern interest 
in the shares and push the 
share price from Lloyds’ 

A similar device was used to 
boost Exco's worth when it 
looked vulnerable in 1983. 
The heavily oversubscribed 
flotation of Telerate on foe 
New York Slock Exchange led 
to a doubling of Exco's share 
price. Exco's 49 per cent stake 

in Tderate had previously 
bear an undervalued asset, 
which foe flotation revalued. 

Notice lo holders of Montana 
Power International Finance NV 
Bearer Securities 

Copies of the annual Reports 
of Montana Power Interna- 
tional Finance NV and The 
Montana Power Company 
and the Montana Power 
Company Annual Report io 
the Securities and Exchange 
Commission on Form 10-K 
are available upon request 


Attn: RosmB 4. C(K 

41 East Broadway 
Bette. Montana 59701 




ABN... - 10.50% 

Adam & Company 10.50% 

BCC1 -.10.50% 

Chibanit Sawiret 10.75% 

ConsoMaled Grds 10.50% 

Continental Trust..™ IQ.50% 

Co-operative Bank 10.50% 

C. Hoare & Co_ 1050% 

Hong Kong & Shanghai 10^0% 

LLoyds Bank - 1050% 

Nat Westminster 10.50% 

Royal Baffle ot Scotland 10.50% 

TSB 10.50% 

Gffibank NA 10.50% 

t Mongate Base Rue. 

A company can command 
very different valuations, de- 
pending on whether it is 
assessed at its flotation worth, 
takeover price or management 
buyout value, Mr Thornton 

Goldman Sachs, for exam- 
ple, arranged a management 
buyout for Dunlop’s Ameri- 
can tyre businesses and was 
within 15 minutes of seeing it 
signed, when BTR trebled its 
offer and secured Dunlop’s 
agreement. The price secured 
for foe buyout demonstrated 
to BTR what it would have to 
pay for the group, Goldman 

BTR could similarly have 
been forced to raise its price in 
foe earlier bid for Thomas 
Tilling when Goldman, acting 
in conjunction with Warburg, 
recommended a leveraged 
buyout of the whole company 
at a price above that eventual- 
ly paid by BTR. The board of 
Tilling, however, decided 
against the plan. 

Woo I worth Holdings is a 
classic opportunity for foe 
Goldman team to demon- 
strate its skills, particularly in 
valuation and real estate. The 
debate about what Woolworth 
is really worth is raging in foe 
City. Most agree that it fa 
worth more than the present 
Dixons offer and more than 
the market price. But how is 
that to be assessed? 

Goldman Sachs fa content 
to stick with its niche in 
defence work, and does not 
consider foe issue of which 
merchant bank takes foe lead 
role as relevant. It detects 
changes in the British take- 
over scene, similar to the 
trend in America. More Brit- 
ish takeovers are being decid- 
ed on economic rather than 
management grounds and 
shareholders are taking an 
increasingly short-term view. 

Mr Sachs says “At some 
price the offeror will get the 
company. The defence has to 
produce a competitive value 
to shareholders, which in ef- 
fect means being its own white 

Attention this week has 
focused on employment agen- 
cies. Hoggett Bowers, the 
executive recruitment agency 
featured in this column in 
February as a prod buy at 64p, 
had moved to KMp before the 
shares were suspended on 
Friday, with an anmmncement 
that me company fa in talks 
which may result in a fall hid. 

The hot favourite to bid for 
Hoggett, among foe punters at 
least, fa on of the other 
Unlisted Securities Market 
employment agencies, Bine 

Bine Arrow is one of foe 
most successful stocks on foe 
USML It was floated in 1984 
when it encompassed an em- 
ployment agency network 
strongly orientated towards 
the provision of commercial 
and industrial temporary staff 
and it also had interests in 
holiday torn operations. 

The tour operations were 
making losses, and they were 
sold shortly after flotation. 
Since then the group has made 
a number of acquisitions, 
mostly on the employment 
agency side. 

In June, 1985 Bine Arrow 
acquired Reliance for £7.7 
million, which was more orien- 
tated towards the provision of 
office workers, and in Decem- 
ber it bought Brook Street 
Bureau, the best known staff 
employment agency. 

The Brook Street Bureau 
acquisition mere than doubled 
the Bine Arrow outlets — from 
70 to 156 today — but Brook 
Street was nothing tike as 
profitable as Bine Arrow. 

The Bine Arrow manage- 
ment style should considera- 
bly improve returns by cutting 
overheads and providing in- 
centives for staff at branch 

Phillips & Drew, the 
company’s broker, es tim ates 
that Bine Arrow will make 
pretax profits of £7.2 mflfion 
in the year to October, 1986, 
compared with £2J million in 
1985, giving earnings per 
share of 20.9p. The shares 
stand on a prospective price- 
earnings ratio of J7J8 times. 

In addition to its acquisi- 
tions, there is a story of strong 
organic gro wth behind Bine 
Arrow. The sector of the 
market in which Bine Arrow 
operates fa growing rapidly, 
reflecting the expansion in 
demand for temporary staff 
Although the direct wage 
costs of temporary employees 
may be up to 50 per cent more 
than for permanent staff this 
differential falls significantly 
once total employment costs 
are considered. 

Temporary staff enable 
management to be much more 
flexible in numbers employed, 
so that the nse of temporaries . 
extends to a mnch wider 
of employees than 

typists. Bine Arrow has posi- 
tioned itself to be a big 
beneficiary of this trend, and 
in international terms is still 
very small 

Hoggett Bowers specializes 
in executive recruitment. For 
Bine Arrow it would represent 
a flagship, completing its cov- 
erage of the employment mar- 
ket from top to bottom. 

The directors of Hoggett, 
however, are known not to be 
keen on going info such a large 
group and, as they and the 

founding families still own 
more than 50 per cart of foe 
equity; Bine Arrow may have 
embarked on an uphiU task 
with this particular target. 

Another long-nnuting USM 
takeover candidate has also 
been taken oat this week. 
Cadbury Schweppes, which 
fast year bought Sodintream, 
the soft drinks dispenser man- 
Hfacturer, fa now acquiring 

Canvermoor is based in foe r - 
Nortfa-east and manufactures 

and distributes soft drinks, 
mostly to working men’s 
duhs.The profit record has 
been vofatik far foe past two 
as it was Jttdly affected 
tim miners’ strike m. 1984 
and foe poor sanmer. weather 
last ywt Pretax profits in 
198+85 dropped to. 
compared info £4C 

Cadbury fa offering 95p ift 
cash or -wan notes for each 
CanvenK®or ordinary share, 
vahriagrfoe company at £3i93 

nrilfion, which represents a 
substantial .-premium . to 
. Canvermoor’s net asset value 
of 64p.. • . 

-.The benefits to Cadhinyare~ 
that ft has enabled the group to- 
extend . geographically its 
drink dispenser interests but, - 
of cause, these remain small , 
in relation to the group as a \ 

Isabel Unsworth 

The author is a member of the • 
smaller companies unit at ; 
Phillips & Drew. 



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Boots’ attractions in 

"Our most successful stores 
are those which are close to a 
Boots.” So says one of the new 
breed of high street chemist 
shops, or “drugstores’” as they 
like to be known. 

As an indictment of Boots* 
image as a flabby retailer, the 
comment is bard to beat. 
There are some signs that 
Boots is trying to wake up 'to ' 
the fad that the high streets 
are changing around it But, 
perhaps because the manag e 
meat — up to and including - 
the chairman. Mr Robert 
Gunn — consists mainly of 
chemists and pharmacists, 
there seems to be Utile confi- 
dence that the company h as 
enough people with retail 
experience to turn it round. 

There are only two secrets 
to successful retailing: one is 
to get people into the shop and 
the other is to get them to . 


arthritic. Flurbiprofen. It will 
also be marketed in the US by 
Upjohn — under the name 
Ansaid — but, this time. Boots 
has relinquished the right to 
market it there itself. 

The market for- Flur- 
_ biprofen is likely to be more 
restricted than for Ibu profen. 
because of slightly higher side- 
effects. Doctors are unlikely to 
switch patients who are doing 
well on Ibuprq&Q to the new 
. drug - especially since the 

Loss of royalties and greater 
competition to Ibuprorcn are 
likely to mean that pharma- 
ceuticals, will, at best, be flat 
for the next two years or so. 
Utile has been heard recently 
about the new cardiovascular 
drug, which carries the name 

This is being developed for 
sufferers of high blood pres- 
sure, but the really big market 
is among mildly-io-moderate- 
ly hypertensive patients. 

spend money, preferably in 
mounts. Boots has al- 

ia rge amounts, 
ways been good at the former, 
but when it comes to conven- 
ing the browser into a paying 
customer, it either simply 
does not happen or purchases 
tend to be smalL 
But, Boots is, in part, start- 
ing to overcome this. It is now 
much easier to find thing s in 
the 35 or so refurbished stores, 
a programme which will en- 
compass the largest 1 00 out of 
more than 1,000 stores. Stock 
control is also much better. 
Boots now has a greatly 
improved supply line from its 
depots to the shelves and 
slocks no longer run out with 
such frequency. 

But automated check-out is 
still at the pilot stage. When it 
first looked at this some years 
ago. Boots decided H was too 
expensive and difficult, given 
its range of goods. If it had 
overcome the problems of 
bar-coding its goods then, 
faster check-outs would have 
reduced queues and stock 
control would be much better. 

Boots' failure, or what Mr 
John Richards of the stock- 
broker Wood Mackenzie sadly 
refers to as its “lost op- 
portunity” has been its inabil- 
ity to capitalize on its name 
and reputation to move away 
from its specialist concentra- 
tion on toiletries. There is. he 
feels, a lack of conviction in 
retailing other goods such as 
hi-fi and television sets. 

It seems that customers who 
buy shampoo or even small 
electrical appliances — an area 
where Boots has been success- 

solve retailing problems 

superstores fills him with “ab- 
solute horror". The company 
has four or five-sixes lined up 
and the speculation is that 
they will be developed as 
leisure and garden centres. 

Originally, the spur was the 
liberalizing of Sunday trading 
laws. But the Bill was defeated 
in Parliament and, although 
the out-of-town concept re- 
mains valid, surely the com- 
pany should be speeding up 
the revitalization of its exist- 
ing shops. 

But Boots is not only- a 
retailer. Less widely under- 
stood are its pharmaceuticals 
and consumer products busi- 
nesses. These are grouped 
together in the industrial 
products division, which 
earns 37 per cent of the 
company's pretax profit on 
only 18 per cent of total 

The pharmaceutical sales 
are the most profitable. Al- 
though only half of the indus- 
trial division's sales are 
pharmaceuticals, it is estimat- 

It is currently thought to be 
e H of its 

doing wen in phase 
clinical trials — extremely ill 
patients — and there should be 
news soon on whether it will 
bemoved on to (he next 
for trials on ihe Jess serio 
flL ‘ 

However, if it is launched as 
expected in 1989, there is 
unlikely to be much by way of 
a contribution to profits be- 
fore ’ 1990, as development 
expenditure, launch and pro- 
motion costs lake their toll of 
margins. Thereafter, of course, 
the profits from what is reck- 
oned to be a £6 billion market 
will be enormous. 

ed that they generate 65 per 
iroftts. ■ 

cent of prof 
The most important drag 
developed by Boots is 
Ibuprofen, the original non- 
steroidal, anti-arthritic and 
analgesic with few side-effects, 
hi the US, it was marketed 

Boots* next announcement 
will be its preliminary results 
for the year to March 31, due 
on May 29. 

At that time, there could 
also be news on a number of 
fronts, including the progress 
of BTS49465, plans for the 
out-of-town sites and the 
property revaluation, estimat- 

as Motrin by Upjohn, under -ed to be worth 200p per share, 
non-exclusive licence. After 

an the promotional cash had 
been spent Boots came in 
with its own cheaper rival, 
Rufin — cheaper because Up- 
john. paid Boots royalties. 
These royalties, worth some 
£8 million annually, ceased a 

It is now off-patem in most 
parts of tbe world and signifi- 
cant generic competition has 
developed. Boots will try to 

i ? 


ful- do not stay to buy bigger beat tins by creating 
items such as hi-fi. Moreover, strengths, but promotion costs 

when the home computer 
market went ’sour, it was 
caned by Dixons, which is 
simply a better retailer. 

Consequently, the prospect 
of Boots opening out-of-town 

will eat into margins, and, 
besides, there is a forth to bow 

Analysts are looking for 
some £190 million pretax, 
excluding property sales and 
exceptional items, an 8 per 
cent increase on last year. 

Looking ahead to 1 987, the 
shares are on a prospective 
multiple of 13.6, compared 
with tbe average for the retail 
sector of 16. 

The shares are still vulnera- 
ble to a bidder, which would 
dismantle Boots into its com- 
ponent parts. -Both property 
and pharmaceuticals still look 
like attractive hems — and 

tee can be jfr'SS'SRBJVS 
m a single compound. 

Boots has developed 

p nee. 

stronger venaon of its anti- 

Carol Ferguson 


• TESCO; The 
sold Tcsco Stores lreti 
Williams and Co for 

to H 

million (£1 5.4 mHlionV, adjusted 
by the net working capital value 

at the date of com: 

ment for 1985 
over £10.02 million 


.T; Total pay- 


million). Pretax profit £3.05 

million (£2.63 million). Earn- 
ings per share 61-750 (49.53p). 
• P&W MACLE3XAN: Total 

dividend for 1985 1.9p (l.7gt 

Turnover £10.62 million (£9 
million). -Pretax profit £631,000 
(£531,000). Earnings per share 
' 4p (4.9p). 

TION: Consolidated net in- 
come of CanS222.000 
(£104,000) for the three months 
to March 31 1986, compared 
with a loss of Can$l 32 million 
last time. 

GRAPH! CS: The company is to 
buy 50 per cent 

company, owned by Transfer 
Print Foils " 

Inc, which will make 
hot stamp foils and mass- 

produced embossed holograms 
in Britain. The new company's 
net assets are $2.5 million (£ l .62 
million). In addition, the know- 
how and management experi- 

ence to be sapphed by^TPF has 

been valued at $500,1 
company has sold its forklift 
arm manufacturing unit in 
Manchester to WhiteJee En- 

.TA GROUP! Agreement 
has been reached far the ac- 
quisition . of the noo-ferrous 
strip business of Wilkinson 
Metals, which will be absorbed 
Baker, and Allen, a Deha 
hoot based in Biimingham. 
• DRG: Pretax profits in the 
first quarter of tbe current year 
show a “satisfactory increase" 
over the comparable period last 
year, the annual meeting was 

The interim distribution on the 
income units for the period 
Nov. 25, 1985 to Nov. 23. 1986 
will be 6.4p (5.5p). payable on 
July 15. 

The second interim distribution 
on the income units for the 
period Nov. i 1,- 1985 to Nov. 9, 
1986 will be unchanged at l.0p. 

GENERAL FUND: The final 
distribution on the income units 
for Ihe period May 13, 1985 to 
May II. 1986 will be Ip (Up), 
payable on June 29. 

( ~ MARKETS ) 

Why investors could well 

sell in May and go away 

The famous stock market 
injunction to sell m May and 
go away is a good gmdeune on 
average seven years oat of 10. 

Tbe signs are it could 
operate again in 1986. The 
latest Stock Exchange account 
certainly ended on Friday on a 
dreary note. Government re- 
verses in Thursday's local 
elections and at Ryedaie were 
Mamed bat the background is 
more important than the news. 
Had prices been booming, the 
odd by-election would have 
been ignored. 

The damage had been done 
earlier, and was set off by 
downturns on Wall Street. 
Over the week, the FT-SE 100 
share index dropped 50 points 

(about 3 per cent) and the 
traditional FT 30-share index 
by slightly more, taking both 
through the support levels 
marked out by Mr Steven 
Jarvis, technical analyst at 
Kleimrort Grieveson. The all- 
share index has held up better 
and could still be described as 
consolidating rather than defi- 
nitely heading south. 

Psychology apart, there are 
good reasons why share buy- 
ers should be standing back 
after a hectic boom in the first 
three months of the year. The 
round of interest rate cats is 
now thoroughly discounted for 
the moment. There will be 
plenty of caQs for insti t uti onal 
money through rights issues 

such as that from (he Pruden- 
tial io the short run and from 
British Gas and lesser privati- 
zation issues later on. 

Some of the steam has gone 
out of the takeover boom for 
the moment too, with S&W 
Berisford likely to follow Al- 
lied- Lyons into the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission. 
The feeling that any company 
of any size might attract a 
takeover bid allows investors 
to ignore the fiuidameirtals of 
shares, so any lessening of the 
takeover pace would throw a 
bucket of cold water over quite 
a few share prices. 

Mr Jack Defries of Greene 
& Co, among others, read a 
reversal in the share charts 

works for a third year ronnii 
share prices might nimbi 

before May arrived. Mr Jarvis 
is still not sure, but notes that 
if the “Sell in May" maxim 

more than 15 per cent. 

At this stage, however, that 
would still rate as a correction 
for the London stock market, 
which, like others, has run 
ahead too fast of late. So long 
as interest rates are falling but 
economic activity is not, the 
conditions for a bear market 
do not seem to be met, so 
investors could still find some 
excitement when they return 
from a summer holiday. 

Graham Seaijeant 

Financial Editor 





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Channel 4: Mrs Jennfter 
d’Abo has been appointed to 
the board by tbe Independent 
Broadcasting Authority. 

Higgs and Hill: Mr Mal- 
colm Wilson has become a 
director of the subsidiary 
Higgs and Hill Property 

British Overseas Trade 
Board: Dr Alan Hayes has 
been named chairman of the 
European Trade Committee. 

infotec: Mr A £ Waring has 
been made director of market- 
ing and Mr D E Wood direcior 

of technical services. 

Albert E Sharp: Mr John 
Hughes will join the partner- 
ship from June 16. 

Leslie A Godwin Norib 
America: Mr J A Leslie has 
taken over as chairman and 
managing director. 

County Bank: .Mr Philip 
Porter re to join as head of 
marketing worldwide for in- 
ternational capital markets. 
He will be managing director 
of the new capital markets 
subsidiary of Nat West Invest- 
ment Bank. 

Landsaven Lord Kings Nor* 
ton l»s become chairman. 

3M United Kingdom: Mr 
Ran Baroikoi will become man- 
aging. director on’July 1 after 
the retirement of Mr Robot 
CMney. Mr Olney wifi remain 
chair m an. 

Valor Mi* Robert Otoey 
will join the board from June 

Burmah Oik Mr JB Janes 
will become company secre- 
tary from September 1, follow- 
ing the retirement of Mr MAR 




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1 mntfl 4"i*4*ia 

wary of 
share plan 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

The : Government's radical 
proposals to. increase share 
ownership and profit-sharing 
among workers, outlined in 
ihe Budget, are brim; rebuffed 
by some sections of industry. 
Many employers suspect that 
such schemes conk! be no 
more than a backdoor in- 
comes policy. 

Preliminary- results of a 
survey of members’ opinions 
by the Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry suggest that em- 
ployers are not wildly 
enthusiastic about the profit- 
sharing proposals put forward 
by the Chancellor- 

Some companies lave ex- 
pressed doubts about the prac- 
ticality of tbe scheme. They 
believe that the Government 
could be planning to move 
much top quickly, introducing 
schemes before companies 
and their employees have 
been properly prepared. 


Mr Lawson's proposals in- 
dude the linking or up to 20 

iprt^rnqm open iPfr Ottse iff* 

1 *iW iO l TiO , '» 6mn» 10 r^** 
1 (Q ««-iO'i» 9rmw 9 - 
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:£47fld atoMteioom 

. m - .irstum neewad89% 

per cent of pay to profits and 
ihe granting of u 

e granting ottax concessions 
to employees. 

Initial doubts from employ- 
ers and the trade unions are 
expected . to surface at the 
meeting of the National Eco- 
nomic Development Council 
today when Mr Lawson in his 
role as the NEDC chairman 
wiH put forward a Treasury 
paper detailing tbe 
Government's plans. 

Mr Lawson wants to pub- 
fish a green paper on the 
tssueat the eed of June or July 
jond to mmxiuce legislation in 
time for next years Finance 
BOL / 

The . car is expected to 
report to the Government in 
June oh., its . members' 
opinions.. . .. 

Ready. Steady. 

On June 2nd, a major new force in Asset Management is about to leave the starting blocks. A new company 
uniquely placed to bring a fresh dynamic attitude to your personal investments. Norwich Union Asset 
Management combines the flair of innovative new management with the traditional skills and experience 

of an established financial name. Seven new 
products and 18 funds, giving us the flexibility 
to meet your specific financial needs. For expert 
advice on an investment package tailored to 
your own individual needs, just post the coupon. 
Your personal Norwich Union broker will be 
in touch. 

f Pkdsc forward my name an,1 address hi a tinancLi! consultant m my area who wiil contacT™| 



me with lurfller infon nation on »x.iur unil-iiuheil FUr.s. 




Include Ihe name and addles* 
of jour financial adviser if unv^_ 



J NTT . , 

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, From your portfolio card check your 
eight share price movements. Add them 
up to give you your overall total Check 
this against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 

have won outright or a share of the total 
daily prize money stated. If you are a 
winner follow the ciairo procedure on the 
tack or your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 


Capitalization and week s chi 


> multiplied by the number of shares in issue fbr.the stock quoted) 
in todayJDeafings end May 30 . §Con tango day June Z Settlement day June 9 
bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

£ 4,000 y . - . 

' Gaims requiredfor 
v- +52 points 
Oagnants shoaM ring 0254-53272 

Gad* as 

No. Coimiaiiy 



Thttrl M0e 



Industrials S-Z 

Drapery. Stores 

Chew teak, Ptes 


ludusmab L-R 



Hunting Group 

Brown (John) 

A«on Rubber 



EfccmmiC Madi 

Ford Motor 


Industrials E-K 

Elec) rials 

Industrials S-Z 


Industrials S-Z 

Industrials L-R 





Buremwaod Brew 

ones (Ernes) 



Harris (Philip) 

Oliver IG) 

Aberdeen Constr 

Hardys £ Hansons 

Home Cbunucs 

Wood (ArThurj 

Uid Leas ns 

WamDRion (T) 

Waterford Glass 




Industrials A-D 



Indusmab L-R 

Industnab E-K 

l Itt1WBlfff.i l 

Building. Roads 



Industrials S-Z 

Build; ug. Roads 

Industrials S-Z 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please make a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8,000 in 
Saturday's newspaper. 


now snwn a Mann si -i r.o so 46 

1,236 sm Stand Chan am -13 *08 M 0S 

941m muon 733 41 SJ 757B6 

1 JSB am vwfc Fargo csov -V .. .. .. 

22 An Vmrum PH 4 7.1 U 17.1 


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-20 IU 
-13 102! 

-17 102 


-5 122 

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439m NjaKtoan Cans* 254 
1733m Amsc 209 

2,080600 Aznc*ta 36 

09.7m AOMMdS 1S4 

804.4m 6PH Mumnaa **) 
1*2* BanmMM Bnck 355 
2772m BMAa 150 

1.130.000 n i ii K O an) Constr 22 

297m Beaway 172 

17.7m Bwaora Concrata 00 
i09m Bon Bm 71 

164m BtoCktayi 935 

B952m Bk* Cfta 690 

13.9m BnHdonACkaar H* 283 
72- Qm Brtcmooo® DuOWy 1C 
106m Sr OrMgng 7S 

4200.000 BrcrmiSJncJmon 21 V 

10.6m Bruwfllaa 07 

924*u Bryant 116 

3f fta Buna* ■ Hanm 17V 

283.0m CanonWtoaOBiana 117 
B.7S7.000 Condor Brp 62 

3502m conrti 50< 

S Sm CnKRrywta 410 

7m Crouch (Dank) 134 
7920400 Dm* (Goorgat 94 

sagsrW » 

1.290600 rn> 75 

2459400 Da ’A* SO 

5417400 Rittn Gp SO 

2».7m QBSstera 60 

227940a aou a Dandy CM i3i 
370m Qtaeson (MJ) ' 370 

B34m HAT IS® 

3.100.000 h W eal Bar iro 

07.1m HmmJamSbian 78 
57 0m Hoyeood V fmM 212 
80.1* %| am 590 

ilft2m Kmocfc Jannsan ISO 
3.188400 Jmvto (J) « Sons 313 

122.1m Lung (4 441 

1108m Do V 431 

185m UwwicaJWMM) 98 
832m imr (FJd ™ 

117 1m Lomf <yjj 421 

3044m Magnar 0 Saudi 168 

33.2m 226 

Be5m Umtmm IHdU 170 
H4m May 0 HaaaaB 120 
150 to McAJptoe (AMrad) 428 
229.4m Mayor tot 238 

14*0500 MW <gtar*afl at 

121m Monk (A) 112 

1112m Momaoi tWm) 388 

860m N aware* no 

226m Notttogftam Brick 210 

274m Par ia nmon 218 

2.08*600 R10WW1 Umber 93 

3446400 hem 370 

6104m RMC 642 

0791m Hodnnd 4® 

120m Oooma Adtord 250 

43.7m RubanM) 303 

S«53i Rugby Camant 172 

l&OJtor 3GB 330 

2i.0m Snorpa 0 Raiier 100 

0.100400 Sman u) 8T 

14924m Tanime 460 

43i4m Taytar WtKMnar 801 

21.8ta.TmMy Gram .148... 
7t)2m Trtva 6 Arnold *03 

5J75400 Trent B4 

6.166.000 TlBUI 140 

175m Vlxoplaia 294 

362m Wad 298 

2.164400 Warongun (TJ 72 

37 An watta Baka iso 

1310.000 iNanam Brat 78 

5-015400 DM 50 

21BAT mnn (Cormoayl 485 

6068* Wtaway (Garage) 100 

+2 114 44 63 

-10 157 LB 144 

+2 at 02 04 
« 01 27 154 

-22 114 25 1M 
-9 94 24 124 

-6 10.0 54 104. 

-3 54 64234 

A* 62 200 

. . 37.1 44 1Z4 

-10 304 43114 

-1 143 54 107 

-7 81b 34 205 

-2 43 64 12.7 

-V .. .. 143 

-I 4.4 04 74 

-11 44 43 144 

-a 6.7 324 14 
+2 40 34 .. 

.. 29 30 114 

-34 24-3 48 9.1 

a-12 S3 24 113 
-4 89 03 07 

-1 84 91 123 

29b 24 169 
-3 43 62 107 

-3 43 54 103 

43 74 74 

04 94 234 

69 7.1 149 

.. 24 20 363 

74 01 124 

-1 04 04 114 

-4 409 

-a 24 23 104 
-2 00 44 ras 

-7 HM 34 124 

-2 69 34 134 

.. 2SJ9« 73 1U 

-0 10.0 23 M 

-0 SttJJ 23 120 

S3 Q 69 

-0 65 74 102 

-7 mo 24 144 
-12 07 44 17.4 

.. 114 01 127 

-8 7.1b 44 133 

-2 &41 43 . . 

-7 17.9 43 UL7 

-15 7.7 33 13.1 

-1 1A 64 .. 

03 03 161 

-2 2290 09 123 

-10 107 13 174 
-3 63 44 167 

-2 74 34 122 

-3 43 44 34 

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-19 169 34 100 
.. 104 44 ass 

-10 123 4.1 107 
-3V 01 63 113 

-6 1430 4.1 124 

. . 33 61 101 

-a 63 7.7 172 

-a* ii4 34 i&b 

•4 91$ 4.1 123 

+1 14 14 101 

.. 134 71 ISA 

T44 44129 
-7 104 69 101 

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.. 00 34129 

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5.1 104 




32 145 




46 174 



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55 161 



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46 104 




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Hama ftaa mo r 23* 
Halana Of Lonoon 28 ■, 
Hoaai 40 

Mourn 01 Lareaa 138 

•W* 8 * 

34 26 199 
66 44 162 

34 Cl 134 

23 24 319 

21 04 SA 

14 29 3S4 
119 24 221 

63 23 200 

13 2-0-409 

11 63 04 

21 18 12s 
17.1b 65 MJ 
06 49 102 
B.7 63 10.6 

16 24 137 

14 14170 

43 13 364 

01 14 223 

35 47 aa 

S3 20284 
0« 27 163 

61 27 <77 

24 27 64 
47 15 2C3 

66 44 67 
04 24 166 
7.7b 63 04 
14 26 361 
21 14 . . 

0.7 84 193 

60b 2.1 <43 
86 21304 
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09 29 214 

23 61 02 

60 74 «L7 

20 07 9 0 
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I. 1 69 21.1 

00 01 209 
00 31 70 
11 14 277 

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51 25294 

06 20 144 

24 14 496 

93 14 sag 

11 34 174 
56 21 3>4 
29 40 169 

M 13 304 

14 14 163 

15 63194 
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-A 29» 44 140 
*« 25 63 107 

24 13 323 

■ ■ 113 33 100 

-ID 83 60 109 

*2 S O* 63 . . 
-«5 143 16 213 


J&SH W* * 3J3 -10 11.4 03 234 

^^-^Cnmprew, 82 210 SS^ 

HOAR Atao Sob OT 

8234m BICC 3» 

mSmfiSR 130 

2291m Bmiftonia 013 

iisaeom » Tawcom 220 
67.7m Blown Bowl Km W 

* M 2 E 2 sr miK r 

62T04OI creta 6 mwte «*s 
1093m CanbrUga Hac 286 
40.iai CAP-djj 213 

91 4m OBodOa 48 

354n Do 7 'j* CPF 204 
71.1m Conical 3*0 

90*. Cmylaa HI 

401H DyataWa 206 

i&Bm Dd§ Baet 75 

41.7m Damn 120 

1.764.000 Omriiua -a- 49 

472, Doomo 3S0 

tzar** a- 
lisissresr* v 

474m Gnau Ugsasng iu 

M.lm Emetann 310 

g&6m Rm«8ae> 188 

5327m FarraM T20 

6001600 ftnrare ToOb St 

01720m SBC 194 

7441600 Onmaanar 121 


3086m w eh a CamndW 

uaa a.!"*. s 

M46m MKBNt 390 

966m Mwiwe 980 

23.1m ttn BS 05 

236m Mere Foots 20s 

7401000 Munona Beet 50 

i nnw UUnoy BsW 56 

474m Ha waii 39 

6996J00 Wa ymaw (Luubj 2B0 

aosimNEl 93<, 

60*1 MS Owonfca 20 

2406m (Mon mttruaams 522 
I0A« pncom IS 

186m PNIpi Fin SVb £143 
34406m mm» Una» NT! El* 1 , 
60^000 Pdoo ISO 

6010600 DO -A' Ud Varna T30 
14603m many 218 

103126m DO AOR 29 122% 

8,-Macfflo Pmxaac 118 

374m (WaMx 
S0Jkn SctoMa (OH) 
**3m Sbomock 
usm Soma DMuwm 
7754m STC 
657m Stana M 

m Thom EMI 
0401400 Thorpa (FW) 
403* Tomas 
147JJW US 
tOtlm umach 
Ai.rm UM Laoakio 
67.4m l)U Soamihc 
OiMst vg bmnmmrea 
403m VaMx 

167400 wnnwcaib Saci 
87.7* W h OM m aa Rang 

-ID 21 1.1 160 

-It 107 46 104 
-6 . 24 14 07 

-IS 100 14 177 
-6 84 A61SA 

*3 43 - 41 07 

-1 14 123300 

-16 16 23 7.0 

“33 • 163 21 tlA 
-20 106 67 17.1 

-10 21 14 .. 
-8 .. .. 116 
-21 .. 
-6 21 96167 

-2 46 16 363- 

-ip 61 an 124 
-1 64 65 246 

-8 14 M .. 

.. 14 61 114 

~S 2.5 07 243 

-3 21 01 101 

-W 46 25 114 
-30 74 20200 

+2 14 19 914 

-4 46 62224 

-3 .76 25 224 
-rn 66 22 167 
-16 61 14 207 

-6 23 14 17.7 

07 14 21 1 

-12 66 SB 122 

624 66 10.1 
*4 00 22143 

-10 17 14 166 

-15 1.0 04 .. 

-3 107 4J 105 

*10 71 AT 313 

+10 174 0311.1 
+7 1.4n 06 165 

-33 146 27 126 
-30 43 14274 

-1 07 1.1 103 

-15 .. 

-8 4 Ow 00 374 

-2 0.1 n 02 .. 

+1 1.1 29 67.0 

.. 193 07133 

-3*i 74 69 02 

1.1 42 S3 

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-1 16 04 05 

-6 573 43 .. 


-S 76 46 02 
-8 75 66 7.1 

-18 04 21 173 

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-6 21 20173 


-6 46 24 139 

+7 7.1 01 106 

+25 31.4 U 136 
-8 27 27 106 

-6 00 14 62 

-18 .. ..132 

-12 65 04 114 

-1 00 05 274 

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-8 25 33 44 

-37 25 0 54 167 

.. 01 26107 

24 06 214 
-2 74 28102 

-33 65 37122 

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-13 01 65 103 

-8 34 06 274 

-13 114 36 126 
-8 34 43 215 

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26 87 .. 

11.1 11 17.1 

34 25103 
46 46295 
104 .01 1«J 
146 46 01 

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97 05 KU 
34 26 126 
07 36 195 
74 84 264 
24 16206 
84 46 29.1 
46 06 06 

104 42 135 
106 46 U3 

97 37 274 
33b 16 242 
1*8 65201 
54 25 174 
114 15 249 

44 14196 
64 01 17.7 
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06 14 224 
74 26 194 
01 01 147 
46 01 014 
174 It 182 
157 24174 
76 04 104 
16 16 204 
00 00 1*0 
00 44 145 
104 36 1*2 
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34 34109 
74 34134 
174 34 09 
86 14 24* 
*1 09 07 

USK 0 '®^ 

209m Eaamm Rad ZflS 

184« Ettro 220 

576m BS 231 

*907600 Bb%# 39 'i 

18.1m Saco 1O6 

15055a Burakur (AQ TT TX't 
113m BRon IB) 77 

-m.*m Bntart £24'. 

EnOMi Crina C*y 3*6 
9417m Bkmon 0M} W &P* 
236m Bakina Houta MS 

310231 Eonxmon Hrrim t39 

63Bm Do 5% PH 128 

RUn Bared 302 

20 1m Evotkl 114 

*S.1m Enmnmi tot ISO 

156.6m Bdal 373 

IffiEsi Fatten 38 

*600600 Fmdm Mato tad 38 

375m FanoarfjQ 122 

362*400 m kidmar m 

1551.1m Rm . SSS 

iB6m FknAtan 48 

353Z0T2J Ftamlo C4W i» 

106m Fobal 81 

20.*m Fogarty 110 

9JEBB300 Ftlia Onoup K/V 31 

2*3m Fodwota SHmy 193 

&075JS5B Franck (Ibonaaf 5* 

416m 0B M 110 

7016m OKN 320 

lOAn 0R 806 

4B17BOO Canon Eng 109 

- 70.1 » SMHMr 143 

127m S'Jiraa . 1 V 

BB*6Bm daxo 925 

■ S36te Ciyrwatf - - *0* 

25 Bra Oortng Karr *30 

3*7m Granpan HMg* 290 

EmSmOanana m. 

3523BOO GrswsfeaS » 

0317600 Ham PracWM 93 

260m H* Ena - 190 

104lm He8 pf 135 

ejmmh^rn sm 

HIS, Habra 256 

aaiatBO Hampaon tad as*. 

035SBOO Htatama 00 

JBStfe. Hmwon • 174 

310ta Do 8* Cm 200 
1005m DO 5>flk W3 

Sesa l in aimiaa 101 

0670000 Hmna (map) 218 

1.1366m Itowkar pddatay 577 

250.7m 129 

3720.000 Hay (Noanm4 93 

321 tt* HapworOI Caramic 2D* 

503m la ai m 100 

0105600 hkrnw (J) 92 

1778000 HMbgata 6 dab 1*3 

476m How Brot 80 

3B7m HSU Ltayd 90 

520m Hotkt uo na 2S5 
- — Horn) Machkiary .. 
67.1m Howdan 111 

4374m Hntaon Bay SIS’* 
35.3m Hiaaton Aaaoc 290 
25Lflm Itonttog Oumm) . 115 

TJ&ta Ikdriaa Wwwpoa 296 
S6*1m H 189 

30.1m laaban 249 

601*000 jssteama Bourne 208 
389. (tor Jaiflha Madl 111 
644m Jonnatm Oaamra 895 
2337m Jofrwon Mannay 175 
394m Jonnaon A FB 3Th 

3BJJm JuhmitDn 290 

i&Sm jama 8 SMnnan im 
i3Bm Jowntan (Tbomua) 229 
465*600 Kalamazoo 22 

364m Kman 30V 

7685.000 KMaoy tad 257 

7496000 Kamaoy Santa 123 

9BBm Koranaw (A) 2B5 

4410000 KtomF&Z* 133 

57 01208 
57 73100 

-4 1*3 .33 66 

+T2 106 AS 94 
-2 00 06135 

25 66 167 

60 07 115 


-6 29 36227 

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-6 167 46-03 

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-6 SO 17.187 
-3 <6 46123 

-13 04 44160 

-7 1*3 36157 

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-3 1.4 37 876 

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-20 17.1 56107 
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-48 197 17246 
-11 196 37 146 

-» 156 35106 

-13 66 34 MB 

-6 10.1 36 116 

E7 86 *3 
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-10 64 *7102 

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.. 23 09 366 

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6236m MKl Alb 
2519781 -Am Qao 
335m ttadnoct 

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-2 boo *9 .. 
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-8 76 46104 

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-22 207 36 120 

-11 27 21 100 

54 62146 
-6 105 96 176 

417 01b 36 1*0 

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..a .. 275 
45 .. .. 462 

-3 57 85 124 

-IS 167 *2102 

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42 . 00 7626J 

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-13 107 07 24 
.. 66 *3 76 

-10 105 47 276 
-1 260132 74 

-IV 17 95 156 
.. 114 44125 
.. ZJJb 16 216 
-3 214 75 236 

-6 -7.1 46 926 


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was Fabar 

5671606 Bait 6 WA -A* ii» 

7 *iass 

*125600 Canpwf 48 

. «7.71ai Cnryiali 190 

1116m Rtat Latan ,342 
237m ORA 55 

8*5600 HwitnamK- Broeha 97 
576m Honzon nmml 118 
B26m tat 1 ho« 122 . 

762Oi8f0 JrAmta'a Hklga ■ 40 

2500000 MsfSatamar 1*0 
2166m Ptoaaunma sm 
402m Raady UaaM 396 
7601600 FMay Lmamw 46 . 
3I6sa Saga HcMaya 174 
BEUtm Sanmoon Gp sm 
*.77*000 Ttwwhmn Hobpor 52 
tOSm Zaeara 189 

-ft . 16 
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85 96132 
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3600.8m Grand Mat 406 
33.7m Kernmdy Brooka, 230 
ose im Ladbroka 318 

»-§» P*rtHoml* 620 

m* S5**w» 79v 

929CL000 Pruca « W HoWa 79 
1204m Qma Mom 66V Sawy Hatati -A' 378 

147.8m Staui 8a 

12100m Truataosa Porn 15S 

-J* 130 92 119 
-19 21 09 116 

-94 isi si iso 
-11 1*3 26162 
-4 26 23 121 

-9 21 26 M6 

-4 25 34 136 

00 16 1*9 
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1470600 H aed taai Cam 98 +3 

' «5m Unman Ho*ara> 208 

0111600 HMoU t Baton 74 -2 

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2l6m.Sln)ng 6 Rahar 144 -10 

*86m Suta" 243 -5 


03 26 127 
1*3 86 SO 
3.1 a 66 62 
82 *6 116 
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62 09 T6 
114 76 IS 

64 25305 


495m Aaaoc Book 

865m Oft a' . 
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167m Haynes PU b H iaiB 
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■ptrn'taftrftdry. ' No 




May 12, 1986 



the stops 

Today British Rail ends the 
hassle of changing trains and 
stations in London on many 
. Intercity journeys between 
the Northwest, the Midlands 
‘ and Kent and Sussex. . . . 
Each weekday seven 
Intercity trains each way cut 
across west London via Ken- 
sington Olympia, directly con- 
necting main centres north, 
and south of the Thames in 
journey times that a law- 
abiding motorist taking the 
long, M25 way around the 
capital cannot better. - 

A Mancu nian can be in 

Croydon for a business ap- 
pointment within 3Vi hours, 
tor example: or grandparents 
living in retirement in Brigh- 
ton whb their family in Bir- 
mingham in only three hours. 

At a stroke the Manchester* 
Gatwick Airport or. Brighton 
rail journey has been short- 
ened by more than I % hours 
through the new InterCity 
route's maximum use of die 
100 mph electrified main line 
to inner London. South of the 
capital, where the electrifica- 
tion system is different, diesel 
locomotives have to takeover 
but these can run at 90 mzft 
wherever track and traffic 

All these cross-London 
trains use modern air-condi- 
tioned coaches, and most 
include a buffet car. 

The new trains call various- 
ly at Milton Keynes. Watford 
Junction, Oapham Junction, 

Goodbye to the 
railway sandwich 

Fast movers: Passengers at Victoria ready to board the Gatwick Express 

London exhibition complexes 
and hotel belt, of Kensington's 
East Ooydon and Bromley* museums and of 

South in outer London. . 

Besides enhancing their val- 
ue in provincial markets— not* 
only, for travel to the towns 
named, but with simple 
change of train at Oapham or, 
Bromley, for trips to 
anywhere on the South 
Region — this makes In 
an attractive medium 
shorter-di stance, cross-Lon-j 
don journeys. Watford Juncv 
lion is now less than an homi 
away from East Croydon, only! 
100 minutes from Brighton.*- 
and Milton Keynes is within 
2% hours rail travel of Dover. 

All trains in both directions 

Rnigbtsbridge's shops. Fnr- 
thermore, the station's prox- 
imity to the M4 and M40 exits 
and its greatly expanded 450-1 
space car pane, allied to the 
new cross-London service, 
commend it to a considerable' 
swathe of London suburbia as 
an InleiCity starting point. 

Fra* that . matter, arriving 
InteiCiiy passengers can easily 
arrange to drive on to their 
ultimate destination. Kensing- 
ton CMympia has been added 
to the 70 IntmCity stations 
where Europeans worldwide 

car rental operation hats a) 
RaiMrive base. Pre-booked atj 
stop at the substantially rede- any Europcar office, a self-? 
veloped Kensington Olympia drive car will be placed to 
station. That puts Inier-City meet any train a customer} 
on the threshold of die West specifies. 

The cross-London Intercity 
schedules and the trains' stops! 
have been adroitly framed to) 
bracket simultaneously a 
number of travel markets. 

- 'Thus the day's first north- 
bound. train starts from 
Newhaven at &2S to meet the 
Seafink night boat from Di- 
eppe (the last one southbound 
connects with the outward^ 
boat). But then, calling at 
Haywards -Heath, Gatwick 
Airport, East Croydon and 1 
Clapham Junction from 06 50 
to 7 35, this early departure 
becomes a useful business; 
travel medium from Sussex 
and Surrey to the Potteries 
and Manchester (which ii 
reaches at 10 41) or, with a 
same-platform change of train* 
at Waiford Junction, the West 

Reinforcement of the al- 

ready powerful ImerCfty pres- 
ence at Gatwick Airport is a 
major objective of the crpss^ 
London innovation. ” Four 
trains in each direction stop 
there, and at times which 
mesh with the airport's morn- 

- A useful business 
travel medium 

Log and evening peaks of 
departures and arrivals. _ 

Provincial users of Gatwick 
are not the only beneficiaries;- 
the new trains put Gatwick 
within 40-45 minutes^ jail 
travel of Kensington Olympia, 
little more than an hour away, 
from Watford Junction. . 

With ibe wide range of 
cross-country journeys it sim- 
plifies and accelerates, and 

with the further inducement 
of Saver fares, the new 
InterCity service is bound to 
make most impact in the 
leisure travel market. There its 
appeal extends to continental 
as well as domestic journeys: a 
third ofBR's passenger traffic 
to the Channel pons origi- 
nates north of London. 

Dover Western Docks is the 
terminus of the two rooming 
trains from Manchester and 
the one from Liverpool: and 
three trains return from Dover 
to the North WesL The Dover 
arrivals and departures are- 
planned to conned with the 
Jetfoil and conventional ferry 
services to. and from Ostend: 
and there with the Continental 
-railways' long-haul passenger 

’ With Jetfoil over the Chan- 
nel Brussels can still be 

reached at 20 00 from the 
latest of the Dover trains from 
the North West, the 9 25 from 
Manchester, and even Co- 
logne before midnight. 

Thus the prime benefit will 
be for travellers to Belgium, 
the Netherlands and the 
Rhineland, though there are 
also good connections at Ost- 
end with overnight trains to 
centres in the Continental 
heartland. The new service 
has the backing of European 
Saver five-day return fares for 
a wide range of journeys: 
Birmingham-Brussels £54. for 
example, or Mancbester-Brus- 
sels £64. in all cases plus £6 for 
each one-way use of JetfoiL 

G Freeman Allen 


Janes’ World Railways 

Dr John Prideaux, who was 
appointed BR's InterCity di- 
rector in Febrnary. takes over 
a business on an upward curve, 
carrying more passengers than 
at any time in British express 
train history. But despite a 
1985-86 revenue improvement 
of 3 per cent in real terms, the 
business is being pressed to 
achieve its government-set tar- 
get of a 5 per cent return on as- 
sets by 1988-89. 

Stimulation of more revenue 
growth through product im- 
provement, Dr Prideaux be- 
lieves, can dose mack of the 

"I'm obsessive about 
quality." he says. “Overall it's 
good. On most routes I can get 
people to the heart of London 
twice as fast as the plane and 
more reliably and comfortably. 
That's why oar Leeds and 
Tees-Tyne Pullmans have tak- 
en a great deal of badness 
from the air services. 

“Remember that a plane has 
to loach down at least 15 
mlnates adrift before an air- 
line admits it is late. If an 
InterCity 125 is 15 minutes 
late I have finning passengers 
stamping up and down foe 

Reliability is admittedly be- 
low par on routes into Easton. 
Recuperation there should be- 
gin with timetable simplifica- 
tions in 1987-88 and be 
completed ia 1989 after new 
locomotives have replaced 
now-fallible models of the 
1960s. Dr Prideaux is bent on 
eradicating all operational vul- 
nerability from InterCity time- 
tables, though be stresses that 
some present day-to-day flaws 
are traceable not to imperfect 
plan, but to inattention to 
detail, which can and will be 
put right. 

As for on-train quality. Dr 
Prideaux has already pot in 
hand improved seat designs. 
Numerous innovations are 
contemplated In the next gen- 
eration of MkIV cars to equip 
the East Coast main line 

Hie new InterCity catering 
system's transfer of all food 
preparation, save the British 
breakfast, to ground kitchens 
will transform on-train service 
as well as the range of wares 

on offer. “When the staff sun 
no longer tied to a kitchen, we 
shall expect them to provide 
continuous at-seat trolley ser- 
vice throughout the train. And 
there will be no excuse for 
shotting down that service 
long before the train reaches 
its terminus,’' says Dr 

“We’re trying to bury the 
tod 'railway sandwich*," he 
adds with relish, promising 
that its successor, produced 
exclusively in the ground 

kitchens, will rival in choice of 
filling, freshness and packag- 
ing the best offered over chain- 
store counters. Also to be 
interred In favour of a better 
product is what currently 
passes in train bnffets for tea 

Dr John Prideaux: Pressing 
targets to be met 

and coffee. Already this sum- 
mer the menus will feature 
regional specialities - cream 
teas, for instance, on West 
Country InterCity 125s. 

Another innovation will be 
regional catering staff dress, to 
the extent even of a tartan rig 
on a couple of Anglo-Scottish 
services- This Is no mere 
window-dressing but, along 
with identification of person- 
nel to passengers by name, a 
move to intensify the pride in 
the job which the quality and 
cnstomer-care scope of the 
new system ought to generate. 
Also for the sake of enstomer 
care and job satisfaction, pro- 
posals may soon be pnt to the 

Continued on next page 




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closes the gap 
between the North 

Until now* travellers between the 
North West and South East of England 
k f^ced agap in their journey 

It meant stopping off to change trains 
k to get across Londoa 

But ail that has changed 
Nows for the first time, there is a direct 
InterCity link between Manchester and 
Liverpool in the North West Brighton, 
Newhaven and Dover in the South East A 

InterCity^ new Cross London service 
is running regularly through the capital via cj 
I the new Intercity station at Kensington 

A service thatt improving travel for 
L InterCrtyis passengers. Fulfilling lnterCrty% J 
commitment to bridging gaps in travel. 

l We’re 












d says 
_ i from 
^ British 
vqpw. wants 

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-IJSitrH §H I l ~l^l l?SJHrtH3«a«srH-»Ma‘o 



An easier run 
from Olympia 

All aboard 


The new Imeiciry station al 
Kensington Olympia will free 
travellers from further afield 
as well as residents of West 
London from die nightmare of 
crossing London to start a new 
rail journey. 

Pan of the impetus for the 
new facility - and the aston- 
ishing speed with which it has 
materialised — has been the 
instant popularity of the new 
and improved M3 and M2S 
motorways which with the M4 
are bringing a stream of traffic 
in from the “silicon valleys" 
of the Thames Valley and 
north Hampshire as well as 
Bristol Wales and the West 

Car commuters can park 
their vehicles at one of the 450 
spaces (which will have a 
concessionary charge of £2.50 
a day) and connect with an 
Intercity train to go to Coven- 
try, Birmingham. Stoke, Liv- 
erpool or Manchester in one 
direction or Gatwick Airport 
or the Channel ports in the 
other. Equally, rail travellers 
from any of these destinations 
can now alight at the new 
station and continue their 
journey by a new underground 
service to all parts of London. 

Like all Intercity services, 
the new station has been 
designed mainly to meet busi- 
ness requirements. Proximity 
to the Olympia exhibition 
complex and the revival 
which this ) 00-year-old venue 
has had under its recent 
owners, P&O. in attracting 
foreign as well as British 
business delegates was an 
important factor in British 
Rail's decision to upgrade the 
former motor-rail terminal at 
Kensington Olympia. 

Exhibitions along with con- 
ferences are now regarded as 
big business. On a national 
scale the industry is estimated i 

as generating substantially 
more than £1 billion worth of 
expenditure a year and grow- 
ing. The British Tourist Au- 
thority is expecting a 40 per 
cent increase in the numbers* 
of business visitors from over- 
seas this year as compared 
with 1981 

Its comparatively central 
location at the junction of 
Hammersmith and South ; 
Kensington has meant that - 
Olympia has always been 
popular with overseas visitors 
to such major events as the 
Internationa] Showjumping 
Championships, the World 
Travel Market or die Interna- 
tional Bike Show. The com- 
plex draws a world audience of 
more than I million visitors 
annually of whom at least 
75,000 are identified as com- 
ingfrom abroad. 

The success since the open- 
ing in August, 1984 of Olym- 
pia 2. a newly-refurbished hall 
within the existing complex 
has surprised even the owners 
. Encouraged by the return ‘ 
on its investment in the 1 
exhibition halls, Tun Harris, 
chairman and managing direc- 
tor of the Earls Court and 
Olympia company, has an- 
nounced plans for a new 
conference centre. Integrated i 
with the exhibition complex, 
the main auditorium will be 
able to seat up to 450 : 
delegates. 1 j 

The first phase of the new > 
conference unit is scheduled i 
to open next year and Mr i 
H arris regards the new rail i 
and underground service — s 
which will bring Olympia t 
within a 39 minute journey s 
Both Earls Court and Olym- 
pia were originally developed s 
as exhibition sites with the t 
time of Gatwick Airport for i 
instance - as a decided C 
advantage. a 

fc; : ;■& 




Smarter service: Chief steward Anthony Puffin serves breakfast to the chairman of BR Engineering Philip Norman, on the new^fePuOraatt 

internal harness ex**, rni 1 . 

Olympia has a covered walk- 
way linking it to the station; 
the walkway as weD as its own 
multi-storey car paric (one of 
the first of its land in-Europe) 
remains a part of the new 
design. Earls Court, a mile or- 
so down the line, has lost its 
main line rail station although 
its underground , which gives 
it a direct link to flea throw 1 
Airport survjvesand has been 
refurbished. The design fin* the 
new hall provides, however, 
for the possibility of the BR' 
station being reopened and for 
the link with express train 
services re-established. 

the new timetable, prospective 
defecates can leave their cars 
at Kensington Olympia and 
catch a train at 11.2f am 
which wifi arrive via' Milton 
Keynes Central and Coventry 
at Birmingham International 
a t 13.04. The new service will 
also proviHe a new link front 

‘tives. Travellers will be able to 
buy through tickets to conti- 
nental destinations once a new 
computer-linked ticketing in- 
stallation comes into opena- 
’tion. They will also be able to 
reserve seals on trains which 
{will pass through the station 
on route between the North 

say Surrey or Sussex or one-off wSidT to tite 

Mr Harris may hate to 
admit it since he considers it 
to be a deadly business rival, 
but the National Exhibition 
Centre at Birmingham will 
also benefit from the new 

Covered walkway 
to the station 

events such as the Stoke 
Garden Festival which is ex- 
pected to attract more than 4 
million visitors in total, as 
well as to the conference and 
exhibition centre at Brighton. 

In its design the new station 
at Kensington-Olympia re- 
flects the requirements of 

Channel ports of Folkestone 
and Dover via Gatwick Air- 
port mid onwards into the 
heart of Europe: . 

A new weekday service will 
link the station to popular 
school party destinations such 
as the museums at South 
Kensington -three stops along 
the District Line or the 
Houses of Parliament and Big 
Ben at Westminster. j 

. Patrjda Tisdall 


The world’s 
4th busiest 
airport is 

Truen False □ 

: unions an upgrading of the 
l status and training of afi staff 
' dealing with passengers. 

Overcrowding of some peak 
trains is an almost intractable 
; problem (though Dr Prideanx 
claims that only three 
1 InterChy pass en gers in every 
thousand cannot Gai a seat). 

1 Bat it will be eased, he says. 

■ The productivity of the 
InterCity 12S train-sets Is 
being yet farther lifted by- 
revising overhaul schedules 
and introducing . repair-by- 
cempooent-replacement ^prac- 
tice. This releases two ' 
additional sets for the cross- 
country InterCity 125- route 
and generally expands the 
resources to meet peak de- 
mand on the high revenue- 
earning rentes- In the MkfV . 
cars to come, the risk of having- 
to stand is quite likely be ' 
minimized farther tfc mng h the - 
installation of tip-op seats in 

“We shall make the most of 
the extra avallabflity of rolling 

stock we are promised by BITs *. 
production departments, and ', 
run as many extra trains as we 
- can to prov^t^jrarity when 

But If we still cannot 
comfortably carry afl the peo- 
ple who want to travel on a 
Friday Tight, then, as I’m 
determined on a quality ser- 
vice, I would rather price up a 
bit to make sure Friday pas- 
sengers gel a com f ortable 

It IS partly in that light that 
from today the hteherpriced 
Saver ticket rate ts enforced 
for any return journey involv- 
ing Friday travel, back to 
starting point as weD as 

Cross-London InterCity 
travel equals Angfo-Scottish 
for volume, and toe director 
regards today's through train - 
development as only a first 
step in ending the deterrent of 

H CtoK-Lopdon -InteiCrty re_ 

and Lontion^rigbton & South 
Coast Railways in 1904. By 
then two-thirds of the nation 
could rise to an annual holi- 
day, and with the fesswelLoff 
crowding resorts nearest tiieir 

middle class not flush enough 
to travel abroad was seeking 

'gen teel w ateri rig-places. 
^Sensing .that this growth 

the scramble .for potters. and 
cabs to transfer the weight of 

an Edwaidian fomily*shbliday 

baggage betweetf London sta- 
tions. toe two railways collab- 
orated in a through coach 
working, between Liverpool, 
Brighton and Eastbourne. 

- Such was the response to 


burgeoned into a fufl-btown 

n the new^feTnOmim ' SJ? /^ tau ' 

rani car, combining portions 

••• ‘ j. from Liverpool Manchester 

I ATP HAW 81111 Birmingham. At first it 
IU tv Xlv rV was railed the Sunny South 
:.*.- » • : Special and was later known 

Q • - as the Sunny Sotith Express. 

CliJL L V • ”' - ' The Sunny South was can- 

•r cdled during the First World 

an in-town change of trains War bu[ reappeared in 1922, 
and statiorisT^mSar k»*« a 8 a “ aiming daily but be- 
between toe F a st Coast. main a progress! vdy^ more 

line and toe South may weD be complex, operation. Sheffield 
forged after the 198SIaimchof ™ 10 *? starting 


an in-town change of fndns 
and stations. Swnfiar Bnlts 
between toe East Coast, main 

toe cross-London suburban 
•service via toe rehabilitated 

points, Hastir 
tions, pins 1 

to itsdestina- 
Kent- Coast 

and electrified Snow Hffl ton- '^^ .^>« fcends. In the late 
nel between Moorgate and dcsjtile nsmg car owq- 

Bladcfriars. ecshia toe Sunny South could 

proliferate 1 into half-a-dozen 
After his term as BRsr West separate trains. 

Midlands manager. Dr The Second World War 
Pndeanx left that area’s ended the train's career. Its 
InterCity stati ons the richest route was revived for some 
fa; rat- parking room intoe summer weekend-only cross- 
network. : country trains, bot- in the 

.“YoBmurtffrrtdfaB be well 196& these gradually suc- 
gignposted to an InterGty cumbed to cheaper and quick- 
station, then not «nh> be able er motoring, and to Beeching's 
todrire to it, but confident you aWiotomce ofhigh-season ex- 
can nark at it," he insists. earned less 

—7 L •« „ *an T it cost BR to maintain 

abowa all-at London tennhri. a dajjy operation, making fully 

At least tinee more new productive use of assets and 
Parkway stations are raider appealing to more than one 
consideration, one on the sizeable market sector. And 
M25, a second on toe East between Manchester and 
Coast, and tfae^tidnt on the Brighton it beats the 1939 
West Coast main fine Sunny South schedule of 

*; Development of Intercity- around six and a quarter hours 
station j -amenities ; absorbs - -by moretoaptwo hours. - 
^uahttfentioifc Thev^btnrix ] - 3* : -« • r • Q f ^ 

New additions 

Two new InterCity railway 
today. They are: 
Teffi»ti-c^iiral on the Lon- 
bary rail route, and Tiverton 
Parkway in Devon 

oraCrifii^'ib stotiim operat- 
ing costs, but, more important- 
ly. appeals to passengers. 
Major development schemes 
are in the-: offing at- key 
provfoaaj- stations to paralld 
those now rader way in ■ 
London’s Paddington and 
Victoria. G FA 


Wre^HB? MAJESTY THE ra u CP l ■ 




. . British , 


Most Successful International airport Systeb 


• L ■^? 0e ^ ■?«W J N youtQ pii up yourcar 
straight off the nut md return it (to any. ofEuwpcari’80 focations 

^ ^)whoutfass, W ith° ut de^ and ^d^mrisking an 

_ lor bookings see youf Srirish Ra3 Rail Drive i 

ihcpel Centre, or call. Emopcar central v. -. I 

reservations on 01-950 5050. europcarQ rentacar 


gi- A- ••. 

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V 4* ‘ 


»K* ^ 

Flying into a round-the-clock rail service 

one of the first 
airports to incorporate a rail- 
v yay station. Bui the elderly 
nc ^J lrai £ s and a timetable 
^ared to office workers rather 

- than air travellers did not 
- . e P“ car the service to the 

- airlines. Connection by rail 
was rarely advertised to holi- 

- day makers let alone to high- 
spending business executives. 

.. Since May 1984. however, 
virtue in the form of a dean, 
fast, and easy-to-use direct 
. sen ice seems to have been 
well rewarded. Although ordi- 
nary rail travellers might 
grumble about the fares, there 

• is no doubt that air passengers 
like it and that the volume of 
business has increased. 

A passenger survey carried 
. out last June shows that the 
--number of travellers using the 
. route had more than doubled 
in little over a year after the 
improvements were intro- 

Research carried out in 
March 1984 just before the 
non-stop, round-the-clock ser- 
vice came into effect, showed 
that around three million 
passengers were using the 
London to Gatwick route 
annually. By June 1985, the 
total was seven million. 

The 1985 survey also 
proved the importance of the 
Gatwick to Victoria rail route 
in terms of national prestige — 
Gatwick is an important gate- 

• way to the United Kingdom, 
and the BR survey showed 

that more than a third of all 
passengers between the airport 
and Victoria Station in Lon- 
don were foreign nationals, 
many of them -visiting Britain 
for the first time. 

-The high-speed trains lake 
just 30 minutes -to travel 
between London Victoria and 
Gatwick and wee versa. Ser- 
vices leave Victoria every 15 
minutes between 05.30 and 
22.00 and operate throughout 
the night on an hourly basis. 

Next to “speed - , “conve- 
nience and simplicity” were 
main reasons for using the 
Gatwick rail service uncov- 
ered by BR researchers. A 
separate tidtet office and 
clearly marked platforms at 
Victoria Station are a big help, 
particularly .for passengers 
who may nave problems with 
language or who, like most 
North .Americans, are unfa- 
miliar with rail travel 
. Visitors also find the non- 
stop aspect of the new service 
reassuring. They do not have 
to worry about getting off at 
the wrong station or, once they 
have settled down, get dis- 
turbed by people getting on 
and off at other destinations. 
The trolley-type buffet with an 
attendant who dispenses 
drinks and snacks also seems 
to work well and saves passen- 
gers struggling up and down 
the aisles with hot beverages. 

A new service which may be 
introduced shortly depending 

Speaking up: Passengers 

wait to use the phone on the Merseyside Pullman 

on the outcome of experi- 
ments at present in progress, 
will be telephones on trains. 

Lu g ga g e however is still a 
problem. The new trains have 
extra- wide doors which make 
it easier to manoeuvre suit- 
cases on and off the platform. 
British Caledonian, one of the 
biggest airlines based at 
Gatwick. offers check-in facili- 
ties at Victoria Station which 
relieve their customers from 
heavy luggage before they join 
the train. 

Business executives who 
travel frequently (and who do 
not tend to take a lot of 

The Intercity brand name was 
coined in 1966 for the send-off 
of BR's first 100 mph electric 
sen ice from London to Liver- 
pool and Manchester. But 
there was more to the launch 
than a new form of power and 
a sharp lift of train speed. 

Maximizing electric 
traction’s capacity for uninter- 
rupted work. BR challenged 
the flexibility of car use with 
an intensive train service at 
fixed intervals throughout the 

luggage with them) are regard- 
ed as important customers by 
both the airlines and increas- 
ingly by British Rail. The BR 
passenger survey last year 
showed that at least 30 per 
cent of foreigners and 20 per 
cent of the UK residents using 
the Gatwick Airport to Vic- 
toria rail service were travel- 
ling on business. 

Four express services in 
each direction will connect the 
North West and Midlands 
direct to Gatwick. This will 
for instance, bring industrial 
capitals like Manchester with- 
in less than four hours away in 

terms of journey time while, 
for Birmingham, the new 
timetable cites a journey time 
of 3 hours 36 minutes. For 
West Londoners, the express 
services will give a new link to 
Gatwick from Kensington 
Olympia as an alternative to 
Victoria Station. People living 
or working in East London 
will have access via a new 
direct service from London 
Bridge which will take only 
four minutes longer than the 
30 minutes from Victoria, but 
avoid the necessity to cross 
the city centre. 

Recognition that the rail 

link is likely to appeal to 
business executives is shown 
in recent publicity issued by 
the airlines who operate out of 
Gatwick Airpon. British Cale- 
donian. for instance, is includ- 
ing a first-class return rail 
ticket between Gatwick and 
Victoria Station in its Busi- 
ness Travellers' packages. 

In a promotion operated in 
conjunction with British Rail. 
Virgin Atlantic are offering 
unrestricted return tickets 
from any station in England. 
Scotland, or Wales to Gatwick 
Airport for a special price of | 
£19. First-class tickets are on 
offer for £29. 

It is little more than a 
decade since London Trans- 
port discovered that tourists 
could be a blessing in terms of | 
generating extra revenue 
(rather than a blight which 
merely inconvenienced com- 
muters). Since then regular 
travellers too have gained 
from dramatic improvements 
in standards of the 
signposting, cleanliness, and 
attractiveness of Under- 
ground stations whichj 
stemmed partly from the drive 
to attract more traffic from 
overseas visitors. The im- 
provements introduced on the 
London to Gatwick Airport, 
sendee are an indication that 
British Rail users Could be 
about to enjoy a similar , 


Traveller’s Lane, Welham Green, 
Hatfield, Herts. 

Tel: Hatfield (07072) 72516 





BR’s Worldbeaiteir! 

. .Nea r I y 240 Pax man '^V^entard i ese f:; 
engines provide the .driving force, for" British r 
Rail’s fleet of HSTI25 highspeed trains^The- 
Valenta is also the power behinri'-the.'New 
South Wales X PT's which operated so 
successfully in Australia. • i 

The Valenta's ,'high, power^ c^put^ light •: 
weight and compact dimensions enabledit to 
fulfil its role. ir> powering the HST125 > into' the i 
record books for • the., fastest triin^in : 
scheduled service and of v couf^Bor^lhe^ 
worid diesel rail speed wcoVd^it^tf. : :Wmch.' 
remains unchallenged. T 

: its 


ta ile 









Je is 

PaxmansWori^s, Colchester. Essexfe012^B)t^ 
Telephone: 0206 5751 S : 1^Tejex^i|:i^T^^ 

te of t 
i for f- 
film f 


ceptance of major investment 

day. Then, to fill the greatly 
increased number of off-peak 

trains with new business, BR 
boldly exploited with margin- 
al pricing ploys the fere-fixing 
freedom granted by the 1962 
Transport Act. 

been not only hallmarks of BR 
InterCity. but a strategy 
adopted by continental rail- 
ways. Some, such as the 
Dutch, West German and 
Swiss, have even paid their 
BR mentors the compliment 
of appropriating the Intercity 
logo untranslated. 

Beeching's scepticism on 
whether InterCity would sur- 
vive air and motorway ad- 
vances has been confounded: 

The resulting package of 
market-priced fere offers was 

unprecedented. So was dev 
ployment of the whole 
armoury of contemporary 
marketing and promotion 
techniques to publicize it. 

Regular-interval schedul- 
ing. market pricing and pro- 
fessional marketing have since 

Granted, InterCity has been, 
scarred on some of its routes 
by long-haul bus deregulation 
and driven to counter with 
over-intricate and sometimes 
hazardously remunerative 
fere offers. 

And government insistence 
— unique in western Europe — 
that IhteiCity return 5 per 
cent op its assets by 1989, has . 
lately enforced rolling-stock 
reductions that occasionally 

put service quality at risk 
through overcrowding. 

On the other hand, approval 
of the £306 million east-coast 
main line electrification now 
under way suggests that this 
same government, no oven 
aficionado of rail transport, is 
convinced of a viable 
InterCity's endurance. 

Even the London-Scotland 
air shuttles have been held at 
bay by InterCity 125 HSTs. 
These are the diesel-powered 
125 mph train sets which BR 
evolved in the 1970s when it 
was denied more InterCity 
electrification, let alone the 
purpose building of new high- 
speed lines such as was al- 
lowed for the French. German 
and Italian railways. As yet, 
InterCity 125 is the only high- 
speed train in the world to win 
an export sale, to the railways 
of New South Wales. 

For a fraction of the £1.2 

billion which the French spent 
on their new 170 mph Paris- 
Lyons line, BR ironed out 
curves, refined track and 
resignalled historic InterCity 
routes so that today Edin- 
burgh is little more than 4>/j 
hours and Newcastle upon 
Tyne just under three hours 
from London by the fastest 
InterCity 125 of the day. 

electric trains in the fi nst phase 
of east coast main line electri- 
fication. That switch -on may 
also inaugurate “InterCity 

Indeed, the hi-tech 
“ElectnT locomotives or- 
. dered for the east coast 

project, designed initially for 
140 mph operation, will have 

New routes are 
due to be added 

The east coast London- 
Scotland, London to the West 
and South Wales, London- 
East Midlands-Sheffieid, and 
the North-East and North- 
West to the South-West via 
Birmingham routes are 
InterCity 125 territory. New 
routes may be added when, in 
1989, HSTs are displaced 
between London and Leeds by 

up to 185 mph potential. 
Matched with coaches of new 
design by British Rail Engi- 
neering. the Electra is there- 
fore being advanced by a 
British industrial consortium 
as a contender for London- 
Paris/Brassels through service 
over the 185 mph line the 
French are set to build to their 
end of the Channel Tunnel. 

Comfort has improved 
along with InterCity speed, 
but at a rate conditioned both 
by funding ability and by 
Department of Transport, ac- 

A revolution in on-train 
catering, now directly man- 
aged, by InterCity, has begun. 
A new system concentrating 

almost all preparation in 
ground-based kitchens makes 
feasible the simultaneous ser- 
vice of table-set meals and I 
over-the-counter hot dishes. 

The revival of meals-at-all- 
seats service in the first-class 
sections of key business trains, 
between London and the 
North has been equally re- 
warding. For this InterCity 
has resurrected the Pullman 
brand name with its sugges- 
tion of customer care. 

Coin-operated telephone ki- 
osks are a feature of ail 
Pullman trains. These have 
just been added to ali 
InterCity’s Viaoria-Gatwick 
trains, on which the apparatus 
will also accept British 
Telecom credit cards. 

in Brighton, Britain's premier year- 
round resort Seaside fun in the South's 
entertainment capital. Fine hotels, 
guest houses to suit alt pockets. Best 
selection of restaurants for ail tastes. 
Super shopping. Cultural events plus 
pleasing pubs. Ask for our exciting 
free all-seasons holiday brochure. 
Phone ( nig ht or day ) 0273-23167 
or write Room 118, Holiday Bureau, 
Brighton BN1 1EQ. 

.11 as 
of a 

i I 


es of 

n of- 
in a 

SKI ^ / %/ite sogpod,you woof oM 


el. a 
: coi- 

i was 
■es in 


id the 
7 mis- 
ed to 
: Em- 

\ Mi 
» and 


■ - A 
il bery, 
in a 



ShcwildiA a n ai rl in e perform on the grounds too? 

VCTu'le other airlines are busy assuring you ofa profound 

experience at 35.0CO feet, British Caledonian would like to 
Offer something a lirrle more down to earth. 

For. all First and Super Executive Class passengers, 
therefc 5 days* free car parking in the shore term car park- at 

Or free car hire with Hert^ 

Or free First Class rail ticket (single or return) from 
anywhere m mainland Britain to Gatwick. With the new 
terminal at Kensington Olympia, raking the train from the 

Midlands and the North West ha> never kvn easier (or 

Or a choice ot tour hotel? i< *r a free ovvrniji; -\w mar 

With other airliner w»u're a v alued pa^nser thi 
moment you step on the plane. With Bnti-h Caledonian. iC 
the moment vou srep out of \o»r ironr door. 

Fora leaflet and more derails make a free phone call t<.> 
90800 400 447. 

Lines open 24 hours a dav, 7 daw a week. 

61. a 
led in 
t. has 

— Mr 
< busi- 
ixi in 
:o the 
bed of 
00 . 


I isiness 



British ^ Caledonian . 

Ws never fw^etyoa have a choice. 

- Rcs- 
d says 
i from 
wants - 

;i J 

SIS^MSSffH §h 1 I l^j 1 HHrtKiVasri? &9*3 H O c,»«o ta 

-j. = > . « *» y ... • -•• --—■ -— -«• •■• .... - - 


A t Senior Secretaries we would not claim 
k to influence directly the destinies of 
giant multinationals. We do, however, play a 
significant role in helping our client com- 
panies in the West End, the City and on the 
Continent to gain maximum benefit from 
their staffing resources. 

Our newly opened Senior Secretaries 

ROM P r Oif 1 1 

t Main board* «• 


office at 185-7 Brampton Road makes our 
acknowledged expertise in bringing to- 
gether the right staff and employers directly 
accessible to firms who have 'gone West’. 
Westof Hyde Park, that is. 

Whether you're looking for the right 
post or the right personnel we're die people 
you must calk to. 

ggys *.•« no “* UBe . 

Senior. Secretaries have 

opened in Khightehridge.9 

3 s 

-+ \\\ / M 




T Y 



£ 10,000 + 

A group of vital vintners need 
an expert PA/Secretary to work 
for He Personnel ar 

Restaurant chain. 

Not only will good shorthand 



humour and excep- 
wiR be needed 
to redress the balance in a 
hectic aid fast-moving day. 

If you have initiative, common 
sense and a high tolerance levs! 
to He national sport of Wales, 
this could ba for you. 

Location Uxbridge. Age 25-35. 
TclBp e — c 81-589 4422 



£ 11,000 

Iffgur (slants are under-used and yoor tateffigmcs undMesttreted, London's most 
flStrams ml mfi respected computer mm$ company s wiKing and able to 
correct the mtbalana. . • 

** Mcra tay/PA to the cwnpoiy’a two BP wccattew wh wB need twctr ml 
sweutt of rimer tegrtw Mh sound StarBand, antie arttn*»sUb.Hom*- 
«. wyonaWe w aw eqttffiy&iMMded batmen awarthesegSatal 
adnootiatM rale. Excepting hUi standuds la 
badi decor and benefits enhance Ws'alnafr stfm>- 

land a true. 



• . £10,000 + 

congtommtH «w0 be very interested r you. 

Wbnong In beatfol, prestigious ofi'fcss. me anvtamat las been designed m 
enhance the compan/s vey up-marM mage. 

Soda awareness and strong personality when cfeafing wflb aU aspects of Ibis poet 
an essentia]. Your responsiiwfies'vM cover a be-. 

nxraJousJy wide spcctrixn from the tradthonai see- • 9999 - 

r«arei.!^fa|to araymgand. anandflig contwwcae _ V^ 0 |||^" 


Age 2S+. Locabon Yworia. 



We offer the cream offteCamtaTs 
temporary assortments to Base 
who combine the iraitoioral rote of 

with the abttty to 

j today’s technology. 


WHr good shorthand and 
skills, sound ' commerCti.. 
exceneoce. combined with a total 
understanding of WP London 

could be your oyster. Itsr freedom, 

tun: and imanaai -rewards can 3R 
be yours. 


Become a temporary mft ns and 
take a permanent -step mo the 
best of both wortds. 

TetepfcMS 81-589 4422 


. £10,000 

One of London's mo st pres- 
tigious- interior design 
caosuBans is seanhmg for a 


Exceptional shorthand, typing 
and adrarostrafon state are 
essential as He pace and the 
patience wffl never aflow for 
2nd best An afeSty to exercise 
extreme tad and d^omacy am 
needed when dealing with 
cbents in this SsptsSy personal 
ami emotive worn. 

With c a i u nftm g tt s both social 
and commercial, a fuffflfeg 

caeer can be' yours. Age 2St. 

TilqdMH 81-588 4422 


Top of the Temporary Tree 

Manpower temporaries are people on their way up! 

Tough, but rewarding, assignments. Jobs where you use your 
skills - and widen them. Free training (W/Ps and PCs) to 
make you a machine ail-rounder. Pay and benefits 
to match. 

• Management Secretaries, automated office skills 

• Senior Secretaries 

Near the top and still ambitious? 

Grab one of our branches... 


Temporary Staff Specialists 

Tel: 225 0505 

24 fvur answering service 

Covent Garden 


£11,000 nag 

You win not be left in the office 



To temp elsewhere when you can earn the top hourly rates of 
£&20 W.P./E5.40 sh on our first-class senior level temporary 
secretarial team. You wiH be constantly in demand working for 
our interesting dents in a wide variety of assignments in 
Central London offering opportunities both for temporary and 
permanent jobs. With 2 years-Director level experience in Lon- 

make all your current work problems very temporary! 

So please ring us now for an appointment 

434 4512 (West End) 588 3534 (City) 

Crone Corkill 

Recruit me nt Consultants 

First class 


A long term booking, with the 
opportunity to take up a 
permanent position. ' 

■ Wxkmgat Main Board level for a 
prominent firm in Knjghtsbridge. 

> In your mid 20s or 30s and 
an experienced shorthand 
secretary with WP sk&$, : 

- -if this sounds tike 
delay telephone 
yfctoreMartffi v 

01 • 4390601 

15 i 

, ** a **■ * 

A Dscdor of Bus outstanding 
company who is resoonsMUe 
la one ot tbar major clients 
needs a seerera»v m snort- 
hand). Working with a lively, 
young, comrraned team yoiu 
wifl need masses ot energy 
a >0 entnusiasm cow<ed with a 
level read to cooe wnti 
resoons>Mity Retevem Bxoen- 
ence would be useful. Start at 
r9 000 «nti generous review 
Ole 6 months 

wmie this extremely energetic 
junai man travels to 


The dehglttful ytung UD of a 

see fes owns - you wiH 

too. You can also atemt 
dvmars which you will 
organise (or VIP s so you must 
be cultured, socially confident 
and immaajlatejy presented. 
Your superb amarasatnnal 
stalls will be caheo upon con- 
stantly to cope with a hectic 
dory and cnanreng but chaotic 
boss. Rusty snorthand plus GO 
wom typing. 

bngm young company on the 
Kings Road s looting tor a PA 

to take a genome merest m hs 
work. B you fine to be kept 
informed and be feaBy in- 
volved. “ " 

loottig for. 

watt super people and a smgy 

Jell “''•CUT 


ideal' boss makes tte i 
lous ppponuvty. Age 23+ . 
Skids 80/60. Stay £10.000 
pks bonus. 

>01 379 ISIS, 

« m-328 3SB, 

■01-329 3QS«WMNB 

Personal Social Secretary £10,000+++ 

Our efient, an international busmesswoman of high regard with 
interests in such diverse fields as Banking, Charities, Musk: and the 
Arts; requires a super-efficient PA/sec. You will work at her home in 
Kensington supervising aB aspects of her business and personal 
fife. This wM include organising her entertaining and social engage- 
ments. travel aid dairy, supervising household staff and futi 
secretarial duties. 

Obviously, good secretartal/WP skills are essential together with 
efficiency, diplomacy and the ability to work unsupervised. You must 
possess a dean driving licence and be able to start 
work by the end of May- 

Call today for 
further details on 
01-629 7262 




SW-fitartBr cougM aged 20+ to 
iom a young progressiva 
or jM tem on as a Sate Wnw- 
tnmr.. Lasoo wtt a dymm 
sales farce, custom querns. 
Dresentafioa at sCBSte art the 
pto vbio p ol good all round sec 
suoport to a sociable jpnv 0 > 
BdMttBls Cttnownt typ SO 
wpm, WP oe advantageous 

Coatad Kan Runes 
on •’ 

829 4343. 


Bike Re he 1 . 

sarcesaW- team . ___ 

dtw so mi 

n fb 

[ son' woo to nort a .US 

. If you l 

t a qrtro n ot rt t yewsi 
eoce n J iK>tsal reoa 
; mi andd wetow > c&a 
ghenawrayduointta _ 

«■ 4jaaiminnt ptaml 

-For a i 

. £« 

LneV- oatgom ph Co unrtm I 
b Me wand oT trance am at- 
r \ 2 extnmns to 

I MBtnfmac to wet rj&::iy axpand- 
■b Oumss ' 

A Caw modetf bMmg. GER- 
mu m mm * MM a 
dndep aa rde nto aann 
newra + 

i A Waop sec/assonr ad be| 
gna z omrnaji grounang n ml 
aspecu or Pfi 
Contact Jacqoetae Tommey 
For tadfter aaals an 
629 4343 

r;»i T” «- 

LBUBwa ■ EawH uw f i Mi 

bte to stvt £ 

cka S ^ 

P-A. TO M.D. (WI) 
Te £10,000 ma 

Ti^aatai w iiBn u aiirweMMwnniiitfavBiWM tai wBinrtSrciwB^iloaiiiMftre 
wnu irrmirui raw OB , wot mwurp wnon rnur ra ng ro work wtnw MM «*W mcti omr 
tonwr hwn wdmn raoMpy. Ji js rMponaimr. m muDm and vanau work w a dyiamc 
nmMiw witti uiwrnaooiW i BnM aw imanon. Thty reuy do need a wan oraMiaen. effionu 
PA. w Mine M» Mramatraior ut ctw ofhn. 

Wordpeor-TOno rxpenencr woulU be prgfar a bte. wort 
Dul nor esaennaL 


TO £9,000 + BENEFITS 
No shorUund 

ThK raw to CMimirty far a Sccmary who ufca to Ua IrvoIvmI. Apan rniffl in# uftnU Mcrettrtal 
aunn W nw Paruwr or mu Engumnng Consultancy, you wta Dr mnmt non m aO <K me 
nrrnx JcmuniMranir migma wMi as lunna your own areas of raatwoMMHy. Th* p na wm 
are wcMirm in nn arowms busmcsi and iron will Dccomr an tauaw pan of Hw Mara. . 

Aar K Irniummi ■ un voo wfa mmd to bavr had at least a years general oOloe experience, be 
■tMiurr in ouiHhw and ouur luooy unng a caMuimor Mr oaeasMnai Cmure worV 

CAROL KEANE 01-831 2403 
Peachey-Keane Ltd. Perso nn el Sevkes 


Two of the partners in one ofLondon^-ter^stclesten firms are looking fora 
permanent secretary/assistant with initiative and enthusiasm. 

Good secretarial experience should compliment diplomacy and 
communication and organisational skills. 

Clerical and typing support win be provided. 
Apply in writing together with your cv-ta 

Mr L Porter Adminsbatian Services Manner 

YRM Partnership 24 Britton Street LONDON EC1M 5NQ 




n»e MSD Foundation, a medial 
bocal material aod .nma courses for 


We seek a rfwHfina, experienced, flmhia adnriiustmtm 
Be cret ai y to make our busy team of m gtafL You yffl 
anraiwe a cad emi c meetings and co nfe rences; organise 
travel* coordi n ate c ontacts b etw e en die Fonndatkni’a 0 i- 
rector and Adimmatzator and rfivnaa oatside contacts at 
a aenior level: attend rnaidemtial comses to provide aecre- 
tarial support; typo academic papers, comsebooka and 
<yber doc u imin tfl on rag word processor; asaist with pflb- 
ife relations actmtiee; wmfn taiw op- to-date office 
information systems; jointly supervise a trainee And un- 
dertake a wide range of other secretarial and 

Yon should be vriBmp to travel on *«■»»*«* tor three or 
four nights op to eight times a year, posses a dean 
driver's licence and be a non-smoker. Minimum quali- 
ficatianrc- 0 Level Bngfish and accurate audio typing. 

We offer a salary afup to £7,500 par an num phs lun- 
cheon vouches and private health i w wi q m ^y for a 35- 
hour week with 20 days a n nual leave. Tnrimng on a 

DhOtin. ewwi » I -it- - . -n ■ 

Apply m writing by sending yonr CV to: 
The Adnrininstrator, The MSD Foundation, 
Tavistock House, Tavistock Square, 
London WC1H 9LG. 



£11,006 neg 

The new busnoss naiager ot this compder (gaphics twen 
seeks a sconces co-adeutor to set up scnwara,. demon- 
strate Ws to tinnts and heto develop raw areas d sales 
activity. An admo/sates/coreputer background and BO/BO 
skis essential. 


A loading fem of artinteds situated m supefb new WI offices 
seeksa maose sflcretafy to apaftnw. He is ti» ideal boss 
with a good sense ot tunow and needs a secretary /PA to 
nm hs office. Lots ol ckenr contact n a friendly and mtartnd 
atmosphere. 100/60 skdls needed. . 

. 0 i 2 Qbeti>lforitRacnidOTeni<bosuftonIs # 

^3Bedk^SbBotk»cKlbci WC2 

//O New Bond Street London WJ I 


Ha iMWg ot W (BOvnau tea rot to Iks ownc CVnvaqi 

t*a ta » B CTay B IM» HP AnmcHcmmih 




Tlv HO o> ■ m mom ptfatog now B UH ta m rnmn Mw 
ww <sy toad wgawwiwS HOt WJ w la npi aWi gw 

BpMtfAfr.FnmnadSa G«0 SMS WflfiO lUllMMId 

To Managing Director of leading 
Fashion Company with branches in 
the West End & North London, to 
work at Company's Head Office at 
Wood Green N22. 

vUk. aw Mart, Jrtl ttferae 

Becnu/tment Consultants 
Ot *09 2393 A 

Must have at least 100 wpm 
shorthand & 60 wpm typing. 
Enormous variety of work. Age 20- 
35. Excellent salary & prospects. 

Telephone 01-888 1213 
. for interview 

c £9,500 

A good administrator with bright personality, 
young energetic. Super typist for word 
ing. Rusty shorthand helpful, 
professional office near Victoria station. 

Send CV,s to 

Murdoch Green 
16 Sussex Street 
London SW1V 4RW 




Just same of me oponkns swahna you hore H Jfou hn good 
shorthand or audio «ndWP axperaiov - (TOP RATES PAID 
Join our tempor a ry Mam at Rte In ttM City wtww a trtondly 
poraon na od swwca te guarantoad. 

1 or cal in 10 am rm now to dtecuM tha currant rnarkat 
what «m can otter you today. . 


283 I5SS . 

Rmg 1 


■ 1 — LOWOQW El 7JF TB£PHOMC01-< 

************ ft ****************** 

Elizobeth Hunt 



A famous namo htaraHoral company seeks a 

secretary to their personnel manager. 50% 
secretarial anti 60% admMstratkm. If you are 

in recruitment anti are looking for an 
excelem benefit package then this te for you. 90/60 
etdto and WP experience needed. . 


to £6,000 

This company recently won a designer award for 
their successful products and seeks a secretary/ 
administrator for their mark e ting department 
You w« enjoy your own areas of responsabifity and 
plenty of eftant oontacL Good aucSo ability needed. 




Top calibre assistant (non smoker) needed for 
Director of important all-party grant4fided 
organisation. A major function is work on all 
aspects of bi-lateral programmes with the 
USSR. Apart from high secretarial compe- 
tence, preferably with WP experience, this 
able post 

responsible post requires administrative and 

soda! ability, willingness to- join in an im- 
mense variety of tasks, and knowledge of 

I Efabbeth Hunt Rtoauitaarit Consuftorib f 

\23 College M London EC4 Cm)3^V 


We are looking for a senior secretary with 
good secretarial skills to work with two 
senior consultants of one of are major cli- 
ents. You will be totally involved in the 
day to day running of an office from 
organisation and administration to secre- 
tarial. The company is friendly and lively, 
and an excellent remuneration package is 

Please contact Paula Howe or Zara 
Siddiqui on 439 4001 Office Systems Re- 
cruitment Services. 

115 Shafisbury Avenue London WC2 

*».'«) ... 

I V 


For on international trading and finance 
company in Bond Street wi. 

BrtgM reHaooe peraon wtui inltteOve lo asstsl bn an antto 
of our »naU but rapidly growing corapsiy. Good score- 
tanai skills required wuh knowledge of telex and word 
processing, aios good KKMwe manner essential. Some 
book-weemg expe ne n« useful. Long horn wU not go 

£9.600 + according to excellence. 
Reply to Box CBS. 

No agencies 

Personal Assistants 

The following posts require high cafibre candi- 
dates with excoStent presentation and communi- 
cation skills: 

TV - £124100, Director. 100/B0 wpm. 27-30 

Should be capable of dealing with people at all 

Advertising - £0580, CUN Emotive. 80/60 wpm, 23- 
27 years. Hectic, happy atmosphere. Should be a good 
organiser and able to take on responsibility. 

Public Relations - £9.000, Director. 80/60 
20/27 years. Not for the faint hearted, 

Contact Mrs Ross tn 01-434 2405 
w Management Recnntroont Cossuftaots 
Lfoeriy House, 22 Regent Street 
London W1R 5DE 


Experienced secrelary/PA required for responsi- 
ble position within newly established Embassy. 
First class secretarial ana administrative skills 
required together with education to degree level 
and working knowledge of French. Ideal age 25- 
30 years. 

An excellent salary commensurate with skills 
and experience will be paid. 

Please write with full CV to Mr A George, 5th 
Floor, 87 Jermyn Street, London SW1. 


For busy medical research unit Duties interest- 
ing and varied but good organising ability 
essential. Salary £6199 to £8085 + LW £1080. 

Please contact: 

Dr James or Laboratory Manager - Susan 
Cleaver at Anthony Nolan Laboratories. St 
Mary Abbots Hospital Marloes Road, London 
W8 5LQ. Telephone 01-937 2660. 

in. Starting salary £8,500 subject to an- 5 

* nual review. Prestige location at Hyde Park * 

* corner, generous leave, pension, scheme. * 

* Apply with CV to: $ 

S Jenny Arnrftngn * 

* Great Britain- USSR Acanciatioa * 

t • ■ 14 ftr w wor Place * 

| London SW1X 7HW * 

»»*********************-******* « 



Staff Care Package: 

*Holiday pay 

•Guarameetf ' 


for top skiOs 
e WP/computer 

•Bank holiday pay 
•Social programme 

•Regular reviews 


An enttlag and isuih&i ctWHenge w McrManr to the direcnr ol 
Linton's newest pn*ntc booteM. B*e preMflteus lAAden Bruge 
Koxottal by London Bnne* Stanon. 

The heavy, h varmL workload reonlres a mature, MeBtesit- 
oryanmC aaC uvety rmiMl to ccvc wtui impretUcoblc day tartar 

You need to ttrtBtne omiumd HitM. rtjlltencr 4 Iwttnwr wjtti 
me atHtny » a«i wtui tel mete el peogle. bieteduia up Medical 
Omuaanis. raotna A me oenem puttee Flrat ctew secmandl 
stall* and wort procesa m g expenenre e w attel. Please write 
eadBteag C.V. or ktegbonc for nMcatem forte W: - 
Mrs Soon Fornulunon. 

Director or Ptn on nrt. 

St Martas Hosttate Ltd- 
Ptttbesler HOute. 

91 Wmpole Sffm. 

London hum 7DA. 

01-829 1501 


•Performance awards •Complete career 
„ .. . development 

•Immediate work *Rewarding & varied 

Call Moira or John on 
01-229 9244 

Office Overload Acenc? 

£3 ££££££££££££££££3^& 



nnfnShS!? u2£2L°t Blil11 PTO" 1 " 11 ” 1 ! 


ESwTj ' ' Ty r "gy *«* of OteDuay sctMdute an ho 
»3rtSdt2S^.!S!li? w trawl and meowm 

SdMMaiJSfVSS Ki y S-lrt afaran ea. Wrth own, pom anda 

?!i? 0 P k - 80/70 s* 4 * 5 a« required. Ago 23 - 30. 


towncai vantua and attend all meetings. 
£2LHS“J? t ES con * oran cas and timet 

S* s t ^ ts ^ tff £ ^ no *°5Y « y°vr fingertips. WP & hot typJ? 

SSS-Tm Sm ■*»* 






Needed to nm private office for varied social, 

^^Office in spacious home. 

Flexible hours. Could suit efficient and adapt- 
able lady, perhaps with children. 

Application* Is Tha Occupier, 
Flat 4, 28 Branham Gardens, SW5 

«■» secretary 

£11^00+ gnduding bonuses) 


Cc ^^ c ^™rcjal Lawyer in intema- 
see k s e x p e rtenced legal 
»»TBtary with fast accurate skills who Is not 

SSta fi„^ 0 . ns,bllity w hard work (with appro- 

10 or 5 an * s ® his^K 

Call 01-235 0222. 

ref MGP or SMT. 

We Are Expanding! 

.we looking w * .. . 

! ik 

Susan Beck 


01-584 6242 


Required % busy but friendly Fuibara property de- 
re. Varied, imeresting work for two 

Manager. Fast, 
telephone man- 

vdopers office. 

Dntiaors and the Saks & M 
accurate typiitg & riwrtband. 

neralso desreabfe. WPexperi 

20‘s. £8.500 + S weeks holidsy A free 

Cairtact Howard Day om 01-736 7133 

£ 8,000 

Lively person for busy office. -Must have book- 
keeping skills and a head for business. . 

Ring Corel ea ’377 9262. 


advertised by. • 

boyce bilingual 

01 -236 5501 

V '41 , 


LACREME DE la creme 


nnt'TIJri? " I Educational Posts 

Departmental Secretary 

Salary: £8,532 - £ 9,732 inclusive 

in «» 

Engineering. CI *«r-tcal and Electronic 
■st relive staff, is esseS “««a^/adm»D- 

tg - 

Pfesaa quote Ret; ADM/41. 


Departmental Secretary 

Salary; £7,308 - £8,532 inclusive 

^Awismti Departmental Secretary is required to . 

TJwpost holder win offer secretarial and adminis- 
‘°»*f** “umber of staff induding 
fhiulr£^!!!!. 1>,r ^ 1< ? rs - ^uant* must have the 
°"2 woriclo * i ’ wort under 
& rte confidence and communica- 
tion Milk to deal wnh a wide variety of people. 
®whand and/or audio skills are 'requirecLin 
***"*• Applicants Should be 
awe or willing to leant to use a word processor. 

HOMO quota Rofc ADM/39. 

ApPBemtton forma and furttmr dMaOs arm 
*”*•** Do® «*»• Nnomel IToniilinoiil. 
SjjL 8 !? foy ^nfe. Bo rough Road, 
H mdotl ». S El ®AA- Tatophona Ol 928 9813 
(answarUiu amnrie a 94)0 am to AM pm}. 

Cloaiog date for wppBcaConai MAM. 

Aii Equal Opportunities Emptoyar. 

South Bank 







You nM to Be confident, wen presented, self motivated and able to arrmt roll 

F^ tfV ^ n ,Lta?^ a 01 M t *° oc 8,11711,1 functions tncfndtns 
bu jj«0j^fta^eunfi*renw fadUdes are rutty mafntaimetf to Uataon 
wtihCardtff H.O. ttigh dawan l of wodattl tfartntona* wnmm and wp hmumifa. M 

jde« for person who enjoys a hectic yet Interesting ezfctence and worts Best as -ooeora 
team , 

Remuneration • £10.000+. Apply to writing wUh nfli C.V. to: 

Mrs C. Lewis 
Personnel Department 
Holder and Mannas Partnership 
63 Mount Street 
London W1Y 6RE 


Reed Employment is posed to enter an- 
other phase, with exiting plans to develop 
its share of the permanent and temporary 
recruitment market 

We require CONSULTANTS at all levels, 
including BRANCH MANAGEMENT, to as- 
sist in this expansion In the London area. 

Whilst previous agency experience would 
be an advantage, a proven sales back- 
ground and first-class communication 
skids wifi ensure an excellent financial 
package, including a top basic salary. 

if you are interested in joining the most go- 
ahead employment agency within toe UK, 
then come along. and meet us to discuss 
your future, at 


MB TUESDAY, MAY 13ih 1986 
from: 5.00pm until 8.00pm 

Please bring along a CV, if possible. 

if you are unable to 
A come along, please ring 
us on, 01-247 6931 
(24hr service). 


ACflOinE WflQ 


tooetible parks are ottered fay tins major City bank to an 
elefpnt professional secretary with 700/60 speeds. Good 
spokao French is needed as there will be lots ctf contact with 
Europe and travel arranpanenB to organise. Age 23+. 


An outgong oascxaTtty is needed for these two kve wire 
property directors. You wfl give them fufl secretarial support 
and get mixed up with all sons of projects wtofe keeping your 
head in this fur. Iwdic atmosphere. Excel tern company bores 
and Mayfair offices. 90/60 speeds and WP euwfcmce essen- 
tial Agee 22+. 

k Pteua Mcpteee: 01-499 8070 J 

k 46 Old Bond Street London Vtt.1, 



Overseas marketing of beautiful collector's items 
to a busy, happy office. We are seeking an accurate 
typist wbo enjoys communicaiiBg by telephone, 
and can operate telex and VDU. You would be 
joining a happy team of four female non-smokers 
working vn extremely elegant surroundings. 
Excellent salary and prospects. 

Please write with fuD details toe 
The Expert Dfaeetor. Halcyon Days, 

105 New Bead Street. Leadm W1Y 9LG. 


ExceQgU opportunity forexpertertetd secre tor y to run n 
company. Sales and marketing aktit* are essential Applicants 
most be setf-modvaled. resttieat and wffltng to work hard 
with tittle direct supervision. Current driving Hems* neces- 
sary. Office to Chiswick. Salary negotiable. 

RVxrrep? applkmttms only rot 

DavM Jenkins. 

33 Cork Street, London W1X 1HB. 

Wl Chartered Accoontants 

Required for senior partner of busy and growing 
practice. Varied ana interesting duties induding 

presentable and well spoken with previous ex- 
perience. Salary negotiable. 

Please send CV, giving fnD details of experience, 

John Ram ' 

Alfred Tooke & Company 
100a New Cavendish Street 
London WlM 7FA 



Prestigious modem offices near South Kensing- 
ton tube require flexible Secretary with pleasant 
personality to work with friendly team. Plenty of 
client contact. Superior secretarial skills indud- 
ing audio and WP. Preferably one S can da na vian 
language. Salary £7,680 + January review. 

Please telephone Unni Shaw ok 
01-351 5763/4 

(No Agencies). 


Experienced secretary required for a small team 
of sales executives in a presage .Mayfair show- 
room selling luxury cars. High standard of 
shorthand and typing required. Mature person 
prefcred. Excellent salary and working condi- 
tions. Kalamazoo computer experience useful. If 
not. training will be grven. 

Apply David Rice, 

01- 62? 4404. 

Well known international 
stock brokers m the City 
require a bright, sophisti- 
cated receptionist to run 
busy reception aid Mon- 
arch switchboard. No 
typing. £8,000++. 

of Bond St. 

tnen.ime« Ccj-u 1 w.k 

be M |pwfl«enrB»f»>tMI 


£8,000 - E8.500+ 

In the last moving jowig PR 
amos phere you'll ttirwe as 
PA/Sec handing press re- 
leases. organtsBtg and at- 
tending conterences plus en- 
suring happy c items' 

Suit 2nd iqWw «■* 8«~ 
sec sWb. 


nb Fleet StreejECA 



Weil presented 20+ 
audio sec to assist 
director of Advisory 
Service at inti bro- 
kers. Good way to 
toe top in City, 
c. £8,000 and 
bonus c. £400. 

l- 107-110 Reel Street EC4. 

V r*53 0127' 


Top person urgently re- 
quired for friendly 
London office of an in- 
ternational company ui 
Wl to work at Execu- 
tive level. Shorthand. 
WP and Telex experi- 
ence essential- Salary 

! For further information 
please call. 

Paul Dickson 


05827 66544 . 


Yore sense of funwr wfl 
boW you m good stead when 
.assisting this very busy Per- 
sonnel Manager who's 
responsibility is graduate re- 
cruitment. (deafiy you arid 

canon and your shorthand 
and typing skills must be ex- 
extent The company afters a 
superb wading ernnomant. 
pan over time: subsidised 
restaurant and ted-toe. S#- 
retted WQ, age 22-35. 

To £M00 

A wonderful career opnar- 
tunlUr for a shorthand 
Secretary with 100/50 
speeds and 1 year experi- 
ence wishing to enier thh 
Industry- This leading 
commercial company is 
based In SWI . 

Derek Last 
01-734 2921 

Konpass Ltd. 

|Rm Cons) 

10 Hflfas Place, 
Off Oxford Street, 
London W1R LAE. 


The eftarmiu Managtog 
Orectur oMhfc suxesslnl 
and tun co in the Kings 
Road is looking tor a PA 
wttti good shorthand and 
typing to organise Km 
(trava, meetings, etc.). Ik 
asa with cherts and asset 
with office adnarestiatmL 
For further derails please 
caH Hanid Mddafitch on 
01-581 2977/ 2947. 

PA £11,000+ 

Our Chen, an eso tM*ri 
onsuoms Apency * 
tumron. #c 
n, Mjnadno DirereK 
» r«B>nS*«W * ■ «** 
and Aumei ao«s You stodg ** 
26 * e «ceuenl sm b. tnm 


me BCiuf naure awniwwi i 
a s#kb Of lIlWM 
eun<rtMfiw«r ip iw+jwc *o»i- 

yo'iws fta gcs*on e i®cara 
from 1 686 

Cali MKhffcJ Sd* 

01-248 5921 
KM JpnesSiigJ 
Lcruw 687 

admin assistant 

Sreary fS.tSXH- 

gj.371 M33 

Op*, u &00 pJ» 


Orpante «- I* ** 
Hotel. Iteeamnt /tons 
[Md ILK and Europe) re*. 
Confident. JWM Swnd 
lobHr sec Bb/typL *5 
learn WP. Lots of variety, 
inctssin* OflMBMoO of 
mSSSSw te . s pecial 
events and pnOne occa- 
sional rravet Snp«t> new 
Sack. wi. £ 8.000 aae. 
CJ Mw Buant faw 

Nonna Skerap 

fannl suites 

61 222 5091 
(OOP U tens' P*e* h*e) 



But only apply If you 
are 25-40. have first 
class shorthand and 
audio steals and can 
work under pressure 
for the Senior Partner 
of a West Ehd Property 

Mr Green 
01 - 723-3494 


Ths areaohe postea wiB soh » 
smart, wefl spoken and ffven- 
enxo Racwtomst wi» ereoys t 
Mr envrowneBL Good Mng 
and Mn e«. reourefl. Satoy 
£8000. fw Bamedato ntenw 
contact Steen Bca. 



(tor efiere pr es hgow Qty 

Sankara sort a puto- 
maL wa : educated SJH 
Sec abwn pronto both an 
Admin A See support to Z 
Droctas of UK Mateibq 
Team. Bdan$iw ctereoan- 
tact » me etings to orgeniae 
& atiand Mrs 'Mw Acme 
Appts. B8 Cannon St EC4 
01-ffi3J883 . 


Small team of people working for international 
non-ferrous metals company require an experi- 
enced person with shipping knowledge to handle 
contract administration, liaise with suppliers 
and consumers in French as well as undertake 
light secretarial duties. 

Good opportunity and remuneration for the 
right person. 

TEL: 01-631 4959 Mra fiamp 

Salary £ 9,000 

A firm of accountants in modern offices near 
Regents Park requires a secretary/pa fora Senior 
Partner. Applicants should be mature, well-edu- 
cated, intelligent and adaptable, with 
considerable secretarial experience, excellent 
shorthand and typing, and preferably knowledge 
of WP. Written and spoken German an 

Write with CV and details of 3 referees to BOX 


SALARY TO £ 14,000 

Two. young Entrepreneurs need a career orientated 
Executive PA Apart from superior shorthand aid typ- 
ing, you must be prepared to charter 'planes, pis n 
travel rtinenes. organise parties on-board ship and run 
the office. Previous professional Senior Management 
experience vital. Excetent prospects. Age 23-30. 

Susan Beck 

01-584 6242 


£ required for the Administration Manager of a £ 
* very busy and highly successful Kensington * 
ft Estate Agency. The work is varied and inter- ft 
z esring and the requirement is fora responsible £ 
ft and capable person with good typing and £ 
£ shorthand speeds. * 

| c £ 10.000 pa. J 

ft Faron Smaria & Co ft 

$ 01-221 8939 £ 

An established Estate 
Agents with a new office 
in the heart of Chelsea is 
' looking for a Secretary 
with excellent org- 
anisational akms. Estate 
Agency experience es- 
sential Age preferred 
20-30. Salary according 
to experience. 

RfepfettK P1-S84 7B2fl 


to MM sreal BfreiWng agency 
mHottnm I nwd m a mrian te d 
parson to Wp imjtH me opera- 
ton &n*M atara * yw haw 
good s t o ateMl suls, c cnfttfenca 
*nd personae^. Fwnteny n att- 
«f*sing an Wnagi oa not 

Write to: 

6osU i PttttBBn Ltd, 
25-27 Theobalds Rd, 
London WCl 
. or telephone 

0589 51647 . 


The compao?, 2 leader «i as totd 
oftare a postw lor a vwsarte 
»/S«CTte to twortw wmhwl 
h tn Cosc*ss You'D be assw- 
mo The Quvraan and 2 (tecte 
daefepog me posdx» as you 
acAnaase yom«0 to As 

Cal Jane Cana on . 

938 1846 



Exciting new venture Is 
looking for a weB edacaiOT 
PA to ran our smalt tux- 
ary office. Preaunaliiy and 
Style more Important man 
experience. We are IlUnk- 
livg of a basic salary of not 
Kss man £ 10.000 p. a. plus 
Benefits. Write sow Ip 


£8,500 + Bobos 

Age 23/30. CUy Solicitors 
Msed near Oianoeiy Lane 
require an experienced Re- 
cepUortsl too tyotns or 
switchboard Involved). 
First class speech and ap- 
pearance are essennat as 
weB as the abUfly to ctra- 
rnunicaie wllh people at all 

Ring Mr. L Hnrrfe 
on 01-236 9731. 





For Speoatel tocntonani 
Cooattew?. Wt {3 mbs 

tedtand/wp man (fcsp 
rite, -a- levs) * Snaatj 
pterraJ, nofl'Smolar. Con- 
suient stUue epwsagfld. 

Sawy nog. trom EBJXU pa. 


wnseo: OMMaOH na*m 
aenon. 10 run busy nvsr- 
wnN Tradtns ConiMiv. I 
seed xmem MMe to use 
own Wtiauve and make own 

demons, A greet deal or per- 
sonal tmojvemrni a n ee nr a. 
With rra p ow iiw ul U move 
OB. E9MMI utaty CK. for 
pie nohl person. 

01-924 3035 


This charity Teguhes a 
secretary with good skills 
and pleasant personality 
to take on an interesting 
job in superb surround- 
ings. As well as being 
PA to Qtief Executive 
duties involve being re- 
sponsible lor secretarial 
personnel Lots of con- 
tart with people at top 
level some committee 
work and plenty of scope 
lo use own initiative and 
judgement Excellent free 

22 South Motion St, Wl 

IRK Comm) 

629 3892 629 5580 


Management Consultant 
Partner who Bees to deto- 
grie is seeking a PA who wfl 
enjoy toe responsibility he 
otters, dent loisoo at senior 
level setting up conferences 
and of course good fast au- 
dn typing. WP experience 
atd excellent spelling are 
distinct advantages. 

£ftft ft * ft ftft ft ft ftftft ft ft ft ft** ft*-**** * ft ft ft *£' 



18411. £8,500 

‘A 1 - Level Person to join Marketing Department of tme 
compaiy. Ability to analyse and cottato mfonnatioa Typing 45 

Meredith Scott Becrtdtmeat Consultants 
17 Fleet St, EC4 
01-68$ 1034 




Secretary with good 
shorthand and typing 
for . busy rentals 
; department. 

Sense of humour & 
iniiative essential. 
Salary £8.000*9,000 




01-584 5361 

£11,580 jta. Kg 
Busy Executive Wl area 
seeks an Assistant with abil- 
ity to base Mto cferas and 
work on own imtialM. Aver- 
age shorthand and basic 
booktoepng knowledge is 
requked. Duties are PR re- 
lated and offer a varied and 
interesting wo* Jong day. 

For further details. 

Veronica Lapa 

01-937 6525 


A vacancy occurs for an 
effeaent Audio secretary 
lo Join a young orooerty 
! maaagciTjpoJ team han- 
dling properties mainly tn 
the Chelsea area. A re- 
wardbig posluon tor 
someone timesed in 
property and people and 
prepared to become endru- 
slasOcaOy envotved. 
Contact Dawn Carritt. 
Jackson Stops end Staff. 
14 Curzon Street London. 

01-499 6291. 


h stfaon to typng, dencat wort 
md (HteBtong »ou mU teal win 
ctotts aod rm OK otoce Vou 
must hns Mauve, mefigexs 
ml Minims Sarny tom 
f7.DOC to E&OCC. 

Wnt« to PWr Steer. M Nreftn 
PuDWrno LTD. Money Mcbr. 
314/33 RegM Sl tondom 

, ttVtoBPa'ae *+ 10(150 V> 


CWOftS Mtaajnd. used n> wtong 

* shot lets, lom mew* *v 
UrrjKWld WOIL Good caw 


aw PX'tec md sfe loo-sc « 
ksmemuma Stn Wrlnm 
name AtenEv ad asonevr 
WW to non ao Mr von 

Pte; « am m is* ms 

CB OHM SL fct Cob. 




Part Time or Full Time 

The Royal Armouries Education Centre, which covers all aspects of the Tower 
of London as wti! as the Royal Armouries and the Crown Jewels, is looking for 
experienced staff to assist both in the teaching and preparation of matorinh for 
primary and secondary groups which visit the Tower of London- 

Applicants must lave experience of teaching Entfah History as a subject or m 
project work at primary or secondary level, and have a particular interest in 
pPteu ma and historic buOdingB with an awareness of thyir potential as resources 
for teaming. 

The appointments will be on a tempor ary basis. Working houra are Caxflde and 
school hoiidayB wiB be alkwed if required, which may eoitexadicaiata with domestic 

Salary: WiB be based oo the annual full-tune settle. £6303 - £8317. 

In addition then is a London Weighting Allowance of £1365 pa. Starting 
salary according to qualifications and experience. 

Further details and application fora can be obtained &oa S J Wilaon, 
^Armouries, HM Tower of London, EC3N 4AB, or tete- 

Ck^ng date for receipt of agpEcaticms is Friday 6 June. 

The Royal Armouries is an Equal Opportunities Employer. 




Ths Governors wish 
to appoint a part-time 

Bursar from Septem- 
ber 1986. Full 
particulars may be 
| obtained from the 
Cleric to the Gover- 
nors, The Downs j 
School, Wraxall, Bris- i 
tot BS19 1PF. 


wound to wort « the last td La- 
ser material Pmeseig: 
pes i. Hpti speed aektois - 3 
yea appoanneaL 
past 2. Lasto/brage rtensfer 
s tmtet - t ysa ao- 

Candriates mist have a pt® de- 
gree and opatom in User 
mattnai pnxBsaQ. mmjBfliio 
and matUemancal modeuina Ex- 
peienee n wring lor posi t dr 
cuneg iw post 2 an Matagg 
fl pptamre wdh CV id Dr W M 
Steen Metatrigy and taenri Sp- 
ence Depararwa. fenperd Goltege 
ut Scenes and TccSwotogy. Lon- 
don SW7 2BP. 

Applications are invited for the post of 


The present Principal wifl be retiring in 1987 and there wfl be a period of preparation 
before the newty appointed Principal takes up his/her post 
Applicants for the post should have considerable standing and experience in EFL 
They wfl have a higher degree to EFL. Linguistics or Education and wfl have 
published work to their fieia 

The successful applicant wfl have the leadership capacity to 

- maintain and develop an outst a nding and exciting learning environment 

- encourage and bring out the fuD potential of staff and students 

- promote innovation to the teaching of English as a Foreign Language md in the 
creation of learning materials. 

App li ca ti o ns to Frank Keyworth, Head of Engfish Schools, E u ro ce ntre s UK, 56 
Eccteston Square, London, SW1V IRQ, by June 1st 1386. 

UBiversity af London 
British Postgraduate Medical 

at Brampton Hospital. London 


Applications are invited for this post under 
the “New Blood” Appointment Scheme. 
The successful applicant will be expected to 
contribute substantially to the research 
work of the department. This consists of a 
programme of basic and applied aspects of 
allergic reactions with particular reference 
to the rote of mediators, inflammatory cells 
and cell-meditated immunity In bronchial 

Applicants should normally be under the 
age of 35 years, have a higher degree 
(Ph.D/M.D. or equivalent). If medically 
Qualified they should have, in addition, the 
M.R.C.P. or (equivalent). 

It is expected that the post will be taken up 
during the academic year 1986-87. 

Salary will be either on the Clinical Lecturer 
scale, currently £X0.760-£i8.840 plus 
£839 London allowance, of Non -Clinical 
Lecturer scale, currently £8.020-£ 15.700 
plus £1 .297 London allowance (1985 salary 

Applications in duplicate in the form of a 
curriculum vitae giving details of experi- 
ence. and the names and addresses of two 
referees, should be sent to the Secretary. 
Cardiomoraclc Institute. Fulham Road. Lon- 
don SW3 6HP. from whom further details 
are available. The closing date is 23rd May 




The Governors invite applications for 
this post which will become vacant 
when Mr John Delaney takes up his 
new appointment at Howells School, 
Denbigh on the 1st January, 1987. 

Bedgebury is an Independent School 
for Girls with 380 pupils in the age 
range 8-18, most of whom are 

Application forms and further details 
can be obtained from the Clerk to 
the Governors, Bedgebury School, 
Goudburst, Kent. TNI 7 2SH. 
Telephone (0580) 211630. 

Applications must be returned by June 
2nd 1986. 


Applications are invited for this appoint- 
ment which will become vacant from 
October 1986 on the retirement of the 
present Bursar. The School is an indepen- 
dent public school with approximately 330 
pupils including some 250 boarders. The 
post is non-resident and will carry a basic 
salary of not less than £1 7,000 pjz. A wide 
experience of finance and administration is 
required and candidates should preferably 
be between the ages of 35 and 50 and pre- 
pared to undertake a commitment of at 
least 10 years. 

Further particulars and detailed job speci- 
fication may be obtained from The Clerk 
to the Governors, Aldenham School, 
Elstree Herts WD6 3AT (Telephone 
Radlen 6131). 

Wallop Schooip Weybrldge, Surrey 
Pre Prep Teacher 

A vacancy for September 2 986 exists in this 
leading boy’s prep school for an assistant 
teacher in the pre prep department- Appli- 
cants should be Montessori trained or 
equivalent and have experience of teaching 
4 -6 year olds. Salary Burnham plus. 

Apply with CV and full details of two 
refferees to: 

The Headmaster 
Wallop School 
Weybridge KT13 9 YD. 


Large Private 

Language School Organisation in Germany, 
requires for a diem in the Frankfurt area: 
Experienced and Qualified Native Speaker 
Language Trainer (TEFL) 


Whh possibility of later assuming Post as Euro-Rep- 
resentative on ihe programme with the following 

- Professional supervision of Euro-Teacbeis 

- Organisation and administrative duties 

- Teaching English as required 


- Extensive experience teaching english os a foreign 

- la n g u ag e (inef. 5 years leaching students from bust 
ness and industry) 

- TEFL qualification (RSA, PGCE/TEFL, MA. 

- Adaptability to training methods currently in use. 

- Good knowledge of German 

The successful applicant can expect both an attractive 
salary and a pleasant working atmosphere. 
Applications in duplicate with c.v. qualifications and 
recent photograph to: 

Euro-Sprachschulen Organisation. Hauptstr. 26, D- 
87S1 Stocksiadt/Main, West Germany, 

Attn Mrs. Bastnier. 

City off London School for Girts 
Barbican EC2Y 8BB 

Required for this independent public day school 
(670 girls 7-18 years). 

The bursar is concerned wllh the financial admin- 
istration of the school, liaison with Guildhall 
Chamberlain is. architect's, solicitor's departments 
and with Ute appointment and supervision of non 
teaching staff. 

Pull )ob description and further details available 
from the headmistress's secretary. 

Tel 01-628 0841. 



Applications are invited from graduates with a 
good Honours degree (preferably, bui not neces- 
sarily. in Law) and with professional 
qualifications in librarianship for a post of Assis- 
tant Librarian. The duties will, in the first 
instance, be those of subject specialist in Laws. | 
possibly together with administrative duties to be 
aianged with the successful candidate. Salary on 
Grade HA of the national scale for academically- 
related staff in university libraries, i.e. £8.020 - 
£15.700 (under review) + £1.297 LA Letters of 
application, with the names of two referees, 
should reach The Librarian, atdverrixy College 
London, Gower Street, London WC1E 6BT by 
Friday, 30 May 1986. 




Applications are invited from good honours (1st 
or Hi)) graduates in M etallurgy/Maierials Science 
or related Physical Sciences for 3 year student- 
ships tenable from 1st October, 1986 leading to 
the degree of Ph.D. SERC/CASE awards with 
industrial collaboration are available in the fol- 
lowing areas: 

Cil The uraanre of senticondactor bctrrojunciioaj (CEO 
(ii) Stream and sunutaiion of CtfTe/GaAs epilayera (RSRE) 

fm) Experimental and theoretical analysis of fibre 

ran forced composites under impact (Shell) 

(iv) The doculii) of stainless seel «eld metals (BKFLt 

(v) Fracture propagation in nrcaloy <CCGB| 

hit Miaustrocunr and segregation 10 Cast PE16 

alloys tUKAEM 

SERC Quota sudrntdrip* are also available to support the 
following mdB&nafly-reiaied projects: 

(vii) Computer modelling of point defects Hi h.c.p. meuH 
IviiijSotidifnaWjn and oadoog of stainless steel during welding 
(ix) Eleenoa beam btbotrepfay on a nanometre scale 
(*> Sudy of composite-metal interfaces using ftnue-dcmeni 

(si) Structure of irradiation damage in metals. 

Applicants interested in any of these projects 
sbotdd write to the Registrar. The University, PO 
Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX- 

Qnote Ref. RV/738/T 


Girls Independent Public Boarding 
School for pupils aged 11-18 years 

The Nesta Ingfis 


This scholarship will be awarded io candidates 
seeking admission in September 1987 at either 
11+. 12+ or 13+.. . . . 

Details and application forms may be obtained from: 
the Headmistress. Tudor Hall School, Banbury. 

Oxon. OXI6 9 UR. Tet 029S 3434. 
Closing date for enquiries 1st July 1986. 

•r oe- 
the me 
was ten, 
tied re*, 
not ou 
: ns 

hob and 
pro- ^ 

of a led 

61, a 
Jed in 
L has 
i from 

- Mr 
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bed of 


sH I " Si 1^1 I ffMrtHStfBSMsipMH 


A guide to 
career choice 

The overseas alternative 

Many students would like to spend all or 
part of their “year out” overseas. As 
mentioned last week, this is not easy, but 
can be done. 

Siobhan Boxail. nowai Surrey Univer- 
sity doing a nursing degree, spent last 
year in Pakistan, working with eight 
other; volunteers sent to teach English in 
a language teaching centre. There was 
initial culture shock, particularly for the 
three girts who had to adapt quickly to 
the restrictions imposed on them — 
living in a separate house with a 
“chaperone", and only allowed to reach 
females. It was. a totally different 

“We had to relearn the an of 
conversation in the evenings/* she says. 
“I suppose we amused ourselves in the 
ways, we did here before television.” 
Local people though were kind. The girls 
conformed, wearing local dress and 
covering their heads in public. Asa result 
they were often invited into homes and 
become popular wedding guests. 

Travelling was not easy, cinema visits 
forbidden and eating in restaurants had 
to be done in curtained off areas. But 
they did manage to go out — always in a 
group — with the male volunteers, and 
the organization encouraged them to 
meet at weekends with other groups. 
Towards the end of the year they 
managed a trip to India. Siobhan had a 
marvellous year, but did feela kind of re- 
verse culture shock for- several weeks 
after her return. 

The organization provided orientation - 
and teaching method courses, and as is 
the usual practice, made their travel and 
accommodation arrangements. It also 
paid them an allowance, generous by 
local standards, out of which they had to 
buy their food. 

Siobhan's organization, the Bible 
Medical and Mission Fellowship, was 
unusual since most prefer to send older 
volunteers with specific skills. Some 
other religious bodies still send school 

Project volunteers often 
face a gruelling assessment 

leavers to the third world. One, the 
Quaker Peace and Service Organisation 
places German speaking young people 
on projects with the handicapped or 
elderly in Germany and Austria. 

Two non-denominational organiza- 
tions which recruit school leavers for 
work in developing countries are Project 
Trust and Gap Activities Projects. 
Project Trust, based in the Hebrides, 
annually sends ISO to work in schools, 
hospitals, orphanages and on farms in 
Africa, Asia, Central America. India and 
the Far East. 

Major Bristol of Project Trust is 
famous for his selection methods. Pro- 
spective volunteers face a gruelling 
character, stamina and initiative assess- 
ment on the Isle of Coll. They then raise 
£1 .250 towards their expenses — by fund 
raising, sponsorship, “anything,* says 
the major “except a*' cheque from 
Daddy." No-one Ails Jojfo so..’ GAP * 


Students who spend time 
abroad claim to benefit 
In this second of two 
articles. Beryl Dixon, 
considers the options 
available to the student 
determined to travel 

Students at work on a kibbutz 
sends approximately 150 to 15 countries, 
“usually the ones Project Trust doesn’t” 
according to a member of staff, and often 
for shorter periods. Most volunteers go 
from January to July, finding £250 
towards their costs. 

Paid employment in Britain is becom- 
ing a bard to find. However, as students 
are usually willing to accept routine jobs, 
they can often find openings — in 
catering and domestic work, for exam- 
ple. Other ideas include agricultural 
work and teaching English. Some travel 
companies employ young people who 
can speak foreign languages as reps at 
their campsites in Europe. 

A word of warning — nobody should 
head overseas without health insurance, 
sufficient funds for emergencies, and 
without checking on the work permit 
requirements. Immigration authorities 
can and do turn people away. Volunteer 
bureaux normally make all the necessary 
arrangements, but where paid work is 
conce r ned, this becomes the responsibil- 
ity of the individual. 

Some opportunities forgoing overseas 
fit conveniently into neither the category 
of voluntary work or of paid employ- 
ment. These are the “paid holidays" 
which are usually only of a few weeks* 
duration, and may appeal to students 
with a summer vacation to spare or to 
those hoping to use part of their year 
“out" in this way. 

Various organizations arrange projects 
lasting from four to ten weeks in social, 
community, archaeological or construc- 
tion work in a number of countries 
including India, America, western Eu- 
rope and the eastern bloc countries. 
-Participants normally pay_ their own. 

fares but receive board, lodging, and in 
some cases, pocket money and experi- 
ence living in. work camps with students 
of all nationalities. 

Those wishing to spend longer periods 
abroad, and work for several hours a day 
in return for food, accommodation and 
‘ pocket money, can consider au pair work 
or work on a kibbutz. Stays of -various 
lengths can be arranged The minimum 
period on a kibbutz is five weeks. 
Everyone is fed and boused, while people 
staying longer receive a small -wage.. 
Families usually pay the fare of an au, 
pair staying for a year. - ! 

Erica Siemdale-Bennett is looking i 
forward to an “exchange, visitor 1 
programme" after her A levels. She is- 
going to California under Camp 
America's Family Companion Pro- 
. gramme. In return for nine weeks’ light 
housework and care of four children in 1 
an American family she wfl] receive 
board, lodging, pocket money, a return 
air ticket and the use of a cart 

It will be no holiday with four lively 
children to amuse, but she can stay in foe 
US for up to six weeks’ independent 
sightseeing before her charter flight 
home. She is currently exchanging letters 
with the family and finding out about the 
children's interests. Erica completed her 
application form carefully, listing a range 
of interests from sports to arts and crafts. 
She also enclosed a testimonial from a 
junior school at which shebas helped all 
of which impressed. Camp America’s 

Travel broadens the mind, the saying 
goes, and most students who spend time 
abroad between A levels and higher 
education claim to benefit Thinking 
back to her Pakistan experience, Siobhan 
says that it helped her to grow up- She 
learned a lot about herself; bow to work 
with other people; and how to manage 
money. Some of her university friends 
were surprized at the end of their first 
term when, instead of being overdrawn. 

To find the right overseas . 
option will take persistence 

she had actually saved. 

However, it has to be said that it is 
usually the more enterprising to whom 
foe idea appeals in foe first place. Erica is 
already an independent spirit, having 
travelled around Europe by train on her 
own last summer. GAP and Project 
Trust volunteers have to impress a 
selection panel and find them own 
sponsors. Finding a series of temporary 
paid posts takes time, effort and persis- 
tence. But many do it every year. 

Quaker and Service Organiza- 

tion . Friends House. Eustan Road, 
London NW12BJ. 

Project Trust. Breacachadh Castle, Isle of 
Coll. Argyll PA78 6TB 
GAP Ltd c/o Leighton- Park School 
Reading. Berks 

Camp America, 37 Queens Gate, London 

Kibbutz Representatives. la~ Accommo- 
dation Road, London. ^ . T 




Applications are invited for an SERC sup- 
FELLOW on the effect of partide-sijfie dis-, 
tribtmoh on jacking and porosity in 
ceramic powders/The project wfll involve 
computational modelling as well as experi- 
mental "work on model ceramic systems. 

Applications should have a/good honours 
degree s PhD in physical science, and ex- 
perience in one or more ofihe following 
areas: material, science, colloid science, 
computing and statistical mechanics. 

The post is available lor a fixed period of 
up to three years. 

Salary.' wi thin , the range £8020 - £10375 
(under review) on the IA Range far Re- 
search. -and Analogous Staff (£8020 
£12780) according to age, gratifications 
and experience. •' 

Informal enquiries may be foade to Dr E 
Dickinson, or Dr S J Milne -(tel (0532) 
431 751 ext 389 .or 472). < 

Application forms and further particulars 
may be obtained from and completed 
applications sent to the Registrar, foe Uni-; 
versity. Leeds LS2 9JT. quoting reference 
number 72/20. Closing date for applica- 
tions 5 June 1986.. - ■ 

Depart metf bf Berfricat 
'tesffimefltaQw and 
Centro! ^queering 



Appficfoons as Invited from suMabiy ouafifted candidates fix a 
months from 1st October 1986. The Iscturer wfll be required to 
teach over a wMe range of posMuafisul English Eon&n. 
Salary wtti be wfflwt the ranga £8,020 to £9.880 according t 
age, qualifications and experience. 

Further particulars should be oMamed from the Registrs and 
; Secretary, Univarsity of Bristol. Sense House. BrsM BS8 
1TH. to whom applications shcxdd be sent by 6th June [quot- . 
rng reference JC). Applications staufcf take tto form of a letter 
stating special academic and research interests, include tin 
names and addresse s of tine referees aid be acconqwted by 
a curipjhin vitae. 


Tbe Senate fnvae .aprtka- 
oons for me above chair 
from cwMHH with. r«- 
•MrcU - Interest! tn any 
area - of- Inorganic 

Apptmtlons ao~copies> 
sbotua ae v usrom sd tar ao 
June ‘ 1986 ‘ to- .Uw 
Teachers' Section CD. Uni- 
varsity of London. Matt 
Street. London- WC1E 
7HU rom' whom -Anther 
particulars should' be 
o&mmu. . r ■ * 


MRHA Chair of Child and 
Adolescent Psychiatry 

Applications are invited for the newly estab- 
lished MRHA Chair in Child and Adolescent 
Psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry. 

The successful applicant, who wiQ be offered an 
honorary consultant contract with the Liverpool 
Health Authority, will be expected to encourage 
and undertake research in. assume responsibility 
for the undergraduate and postgraduate teaching 
of and advise the Regional and District Health 
Authorities in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 

Salary will be within the range approved for 
dinical professorial salaries, currently up to 
£27,700 per annum and initially will depend on 
the qualifications and experience of the success- 
ful candidate. 

Following the filling of the Chair, the University 
will appoint a Senior Lecturer (Clinical) and a 
Lecturer (Clinical) in Child and Adolescent Psy- 
chiatry and a Lecturer (non-medical) in Clinical 
Child Psychology. 

Interested parties are invited to contact infor- 
mally Proresor J.R.M. Copeland, Head of the 
Department of Psychiatry; Td 051-709-0141 
ext. 2580. 

Applications, together with the names of three 
referees, should be received not later than 20th 
June. 1 986. by the Registrar. The University, PO 
Box 147, Liverpool L69 3BX, from whom fur- 
ther particulars may be obtained. Telex: 627095. 

Quote Refi RV/750/T ... 



Applications are invited from postdoctoral candidates 
xx persons of equivalent -experience for a Research 


Department of Management 

Teaching assistant in 

Aopicatione e>» bteed tor mb food term post to 31tt Decem- 
ber W87. which tt funded by me Oeoertmem's Teaching 
Company acpndes. The successful ca ndi da te tU be expected 
to make a substantial taaowg contnoubon tn pne. or mom of 
me ft* bw«ig areas; Quantitative Management techriques: hv 
duatnal Management w orm ah on and aeueton support system; 
Protect and Produeoon Uasugenurm Management of Tecsmo- 
logcal resources and Technoogcal w nownen. 

The department is rasoonstte forme under-graduate Manege- 
mam Sconce prograiiMa and cftiUUbi to me post gr ad ua t e 
MSc Techndogca) Econonec s and NBA pogrensnes- 

CandUatae should be vrel qualified in ap propriate dudptne 
with taacfrng experience and prefer ab ly some re le v an t mdu s- 
Wel expenence. Saury a mim me range El 1790 n £15700 at 
a port demmanad by cpja&fcsMns. experience and age. 
Ap pl cia tt onsMKhm CM. m names of two refere es snoiHd be 
maoe by Z88i May 1S88 to me Umversdy Secretary. LbwrerWy 
Of Soring. String FK9 4LA. Tet 07B6 73171 Ext 2314, from 
whom further particulars may oe obtained. 

Portugal in tha 19th or 20m centuries. The appoint- 
ment writ be for one year in the first instance. poswWy 
renewable for one further year, from 1 October 1986 
or as soon as possible thereafter. 

Satary scale; £8020 - £9495 

The salary wffl depend on qualifications and experi- 
ence. Further particulars may be obtained from Mr D. 
W. Powefl. Staffing Department University of South- 
ampton S09 5NH. To whom applications (5 copes 
from United Kingdom applicants) should be sent not 
later than 31 May 1986, quoting reference number 
1740/A/T. . 

University of Exeter 

Temporary Lecturer in 

Applications are invited for the above post from suit- 
ably qualified persons with interests in historical 
geography. The post is tenable for one year in the first 
instance from either 1 September or 1 October 1986. 

Salary* will be within the range £8020-£9495 pj. (under 
review) with placement depending on age and 

Further particulars available from the Personnel Office, 
University of Exeter. Exeter EX4 4QI. to whom appli- 
cations (6 copies, candidates living overseas 1 copy) 
giving the names and addresses of three referees, should 
be sem by 30 May 1986. quoting reference no 3467. 




Applications are Invited for tha Chair and Headship of 
the proposed Department of Pharmacology. This will 
be available from 1st October 1986 fotfowfng 
reorganisation on the refiramams of Professor P B 
Bradley and Professor O L Wade. 

Salary inthe professorial range, plus superannuation. 

Further oartfculara avatetfe from the V*ce Chancellor. 
Untvereity of Birmingham. PO Box 363, Birmingham 
B15 2TT to whom applications (15 coplea, one from 
overseas applicants) should be sent by 23rd June 

An Equal Opportunities Employer 

University of Bristol 

The University proposes to make an appointment to a 
second Chari- in the Department of Computer Science. 
This is a new appointment, arising through an npao> 
sion of the Department. Applications would be 
particularly welcomed from pecans with interests in 
software enginee ri ng and advanced computer architec- 
ture. There is also a lectureship associated with this 

Suitably qualified candidates are invited to submit 
applications by 30ih September. 1986. Further particu- 
lars of lite appointment may be obtained from the 
Registrar and Secretary. University of Bristol. Senate 
House. BristoL BSD JTH. z' 

University College Cardiff 
Department of Chemistry 

ICI Lectureship in Catalysis 
and Surface Chemistry 

A mi rations are invitee for m# above post. The successful 
candidate would be expected (one a physical chernot with 
experience of modern experimental met h o ds far studying 
surfaces. Further (nfonnamm can he o btai n ed from Profes- 
sor M.W. Roberts. The initial salary wltl be In the range 
£8020-9495 on a scale nano to £15.700 nre annum. 

Appttcabcne should be sent as soon as pottbte lo me Regis- 
trar. Unhmuy Course. Cardiff. PO. Box 73. Cardiff CFl 


AMHIeadont .from postgraduates or. those whfr post-doc- 
toral expenence in phystotogy are Invited for the above 
past in the Department of- Physical Education and Sports 
Soence MnaMe for three years. 

The person annotated wfll .Wn a snail MRC tl e ocarcb 
Croup directed by Professor C-TJf. Davies, wlddi is con- 
cerned with the study of human muscle. physKMogy and 
biochemistry. P r esently located to the Department of 
Pnysioiogy in the University Medical School.. . . 

Salary op the scale: £7.056 • £12.780 
Applications Wx cooks) by 2 June 1 90S to the Assistant 
Renotrar (Arts). University of Btnntnflham. P.O. Box 365. 
Bmrangham B15 2TT. from whom further pa rtic ul ars 
may be obtained. 

An ’Equal Opportunities Employer 




Applications are Invited for trie above posts avail- 
able feom l September 1986 tor fixed periods- of 
Ca) three years and <b) up to one year. 

Salary on the Academic Scale for Lecturers 
(£8020 - £15700) umder review) acconttrar to age. 
qualifications and experience - 
Informal enquiries may be made to Professor .T8 
Hogan (td (0532) 431781 ext 6390). 

Application forms and further particulars may be 
obtained from and completed applications sent to 
the Registrar, the University. Leeds LS2 9JT. quot- 
ing reference n amber* 41/18. dosing dale for 
applications 5 Jute 1986. * 



Applications are Invited for the CHAIR IN PHI- 
LOSOPHY from candidates whose interest wilt 
enable them to make a strong contribution to philo- 
sophical research, and teaching in the University. 
The appointment win date from 1 October 1986 or 
such dale as may be arranged. 

The appointment wtn be made on the basic Profes- 
sorial salary scale (£19.117 - S22J257 per annum) 
together with the normal pension ar ra ngements. 

Applications (twelve copies), fnciudtng the names 
of three referees, must be submitted riot later than 
Friday. 30 May 1986 to the Re gi str a r and Secre- 
tary. Old Shire Hall. Durham DH1 5HP. 

(Candidates outside the British foes need submit 
one copy only.) ■ • • 


«L P0L, PIM. Projraaw bi GflVQQHERT, 

names, mum wsrar 

Tbe Department of Government oflfere places forfuIT 
time and part time research d egre es. 

The main requirement for tbe M. PHIL Is a dissens- 
ion (normally 20-30.000 wants).' Degrees are also 
designed lo give a thorough grounding in research 
methods. Students wfll be expected to attend three 

- I. Core course in Methods of Research 

2. Pobiksl Science State of the Dikiphne 

3. Graduate Seminar. 

The M.PH1L is part of a wide post g raduate pro- 
gramme. This also rod tides a master s course in public 
and social administration with specialist options cho- 
sen from community and race ■ relations, education, 
health, history of social policy, hopsing, personal social 
services, social security and the voluntary sector. 
Further information and applications from AM,'. De- 
partment of. Government. Brunei University. 

1 Uxbridge: Mkfdlon. UB8 3PH. V ' - 


Lectures*] ip ta fte Departroeot of Engineering 

. Applications are invite! for a Lectureship m Engineer- 
ing. with particular reference to dvfl .engineering. Air 
interest and 'experience in either structural or 
geotechnical engmeering is required. Applicants should 
either be a Chartered Engineer or possess a developed 
expertise in an industrially relevant area of research. 
Interest and experience in surveying would be a rele- 
vant additional qualification. ' 

Initial salary on the scale £8.020- to £15,700 (under 
review), with: stmeraxmnatioa benefits.: - - - 

Further particulars from the Registrar (Appointments), 
University of Leicester. Umversity Road, Leicester, 
LEI 7RH.-. -(telephone (0533) , 5544-55, op. 233L to 
whom -applications on the form provided ahbold be. 
sent "by 16 June .1986. ' • v . 



Applications are invited fora Lecturer hr Applied 
linguistics, (for a period of three, years from I 
September 1986) to work principally on the taught 
course leading to the MA nr Applied Linguistics 
(with special reference to tire teaching of English 
as a foreign l angua ge) and to asast in the other 
work of the School as required. 

the applicants should have wide interests in the 
fiefdtof Applied Ungmstics. especially in Language 
Learning Theory. A particular knowtedgepf some 
branch of Theoretical Linguistics and/or tefevanl 
T.EJX. experience would be an. advantage. - • 

The initial salary will be at an appropriate point 
on foe Lecturers' scale (£802O£l 5.700 pia.) to- 
gether with normal pension arrangements. 

Applications (three copies), -together with' 'the 
names of three referees, should be submitted 'not 
later than Friday. 6 June 1986 to the Registrar and 
Secretary. Old Shire Halt Durham DHI 3HP, 
from whom -further particulars may be obtained. 


Postdoctoral Research Fellowship 

Applications are invited for this position which Is 
available I mmedia tely to study .the molecular basis 
of genome rearrangements Tn bovine and human 
rotavtruses (Hundley et al. U986>. Virology 143. 
88: Allen and Deasetberper (1985. J. gen. Virol. 
66. 2703). Experience in gene cloning and DNa 
sequencing procedures desirable. Tbe post is 
funded by the MRC and tenable tor 3 years. The 
salary wifl bewttftin range 1A of the scaies for 
Research and Analogous Staff. Superannuated. 

Applications Including a -curriculum, vitae. - Hst of 
publications, relevant experience and Hie names 
and addresses of two referees should be sent to Dr. 
U. Dessefberger. institute of . virology. Church 
Street. Glasgow. Cll 5JR. Tel: 014-339 8866 ext 
4027 or 6257. ' 


Applications are Invited tor a Lectureship in the 
Faculty of law. The appointment Is not linked to 
any particular field of specialisation. The success- 
nn candidate wffl be expected to leach a range of 
su&fects, to engage in research and to carry out the 
administrative duties assigned to him or her Ap- 
plicants should, posses* a ..good Honours or 
postgraduate degree in Law. 

initial salary' wfir depend on quaunratfons and ex- 
perience, on the 'Lecturers Seale £8.020 Jo 
£1 6.700. ■ 

Further particulars from the Registrar (Appoint 
meotsk University of Leicester. University Road 
Leicester.- LEt 7RH. to whom applications should 
be sera on the form provided by 30 May 1986? 


department of : 


appflcaUans-areinvBed W tltfopost ifta-oewty 
created department of me universny. whidrts 
scheduled fw. exvpttoa o«er- a»e 

next few years. . - ^ . 

The Departraent nins foe UNIX OMrat&ifl fooiem 
on a VAX 11/750 and also on PW»Ll tenlware. 
Local-area n^wnilring is already In place befweeo 
Bie VAX and several Macintosh machines, using 
Ethernet and' Appletalk (With appropriate -gofe. 
ways). Long-haul networking ad etecJroitfc roaa. 
using X25. is aSso MUM operation^. Future pfeu 
include the' acquisition of SUN workstations and 
fHeservers which wiD also be networked over the 
Ethentei .System, ' 

Candidates should possess an honours degree tn 
Computer Science, or some related subject and esc- 
pertence with UNIX at the system level would he a 
great advantage. Applicants wtfli afteroativequati- 
OcaOona roay atsotie coosMered provided there Is 
clear evidence of-strindent exper fence wttii com- 
puter systems.. The salary Is within foe range 
£7.065 to £9.496. - . ; . 

Informal OTauiries can be directed to Dr D -f 
B raiistorff - oner . . Electronic . Ma g 
tJAJgrraito^cs.noit^c.mA \ 

Further particulars and aifoticaHon lonns return- 
able not later tban 19 May-- from: -The Staff 
Appointments Officer. University of NottinghfinL 
University park. Nottingham NC7 2RD. Ref No 



Ajfoficaiidfs'arc invited from men and women gradu- 
ates m Etecnfcfl and Eleccrohic Earaeenng: or Hwwry 
for Re ad c iahips or t ject mg riapsrs Etecmnuc and Own- 
puter Eogineering in the School of Bnguteennx and 
Apjflrcd Sciences. One post arises from the UGCshiftu 
Science and Tedmokxy. Cmdidstessbould have inter- 
esis i a on e or m o re or ete ctromc ana d e agn. A grtal 
sq(uai processi ng . conwiHihii.itliods. dghd systems de- 
sign. VLSI design, compu ter aidntecinre. . computer 
g raph ics., computer co u i nra n i ra fi o n s and networks. 
Apphcatfons.for lectureships wiB be oonsideted in addi- 
iHjn from candidates with nuerest a control engineenng 
and paw dectronics. 

Salaries oa. foe 'soaks: Bate . £H87B to£Z&625 , 
per atinash: Lecturer, £8J)^ to £15,708 per aanom. 

Further pattkmiars and ah ap^cahoi form available 
from Bran Clear. Per so nnel Office, Snssex House. The 
Unhrersny of Sossex, Falmer. Bogbron. BN1 9RH. Easi 

Telephone Brfonon 10273) 678201. 

Oosmg date jar oppacaiiotis JO May 1986. 



•> ; . PSYCHOLOGY " 

Apphcakwara nrind far e new prafenonUp in feyrtutocy. 
raaUr from jm tarty date. Canditacs teoaid Inve ncnM 
Rsewcfa exocnenoemihe field ofCbcemve Soence. Any brancii 
of cqgmnve psyebotoc' or anifirui ondteence would be of 
ifiacost. bat lopia iocb as p «oc q» da. luange. metmvy or 
MML CBL oogagri* eraooo g^ csor roro p a moiu l moddfrM of 
behaviour wnld be piaic elnty trinaoL . 

-Tbesuccestfbi candidate wfll diiect an erinm* MScoouoeia 
Copmon. CompaMg and Fsjdtotafy and be ftcpct u d to 
develop bo* ondergradoate and (MHvndiaK ndmvand ir- 
«afdi in dosaree. bo* <*itba Ae Dtperennii of PnctuloKy 
and in cdoaboranan wirfc other deparnmis, todudrag Cbm* 

' pnier Science and Eqpaeenqg. 

Tbe appainimwaL be o« theftefcoonal scateciv- 

-Bjtt mionmaD £19gHTpa.- . ... 

Rndfo -aAinuuiHi-is avafobteffoteFrafcsni Mto Amo, 
DcptetnfeM'if I^KfidloKy. a*pbnqe 02IB-523165. 

Coventry CV4 7AL from wbwn fintber partinilairs may be ob- 
twnod. (tekpbeoe 0203 5230J7) quoting Ref No. 4l/2A/UfJ 
{please mark ctety W enveiope). Ooang dale far appbeatian 
n aid Jane IWfr. . . „ 

. .. 1 - . FACULTY OF LAW 


Appfcate ^are invited for a temporary uost of Ledurerin 
Biropeaa Commtmty Lac*, tenable for the period t Octo- 
ber 1986 .to 30 September 1967. Salary will be wittm the 
first three -points of Hie lecturer stale fie within the range 
£8,020 ib S9.KH) a year plus USS). 

Furttter particoters may be obtained from the Assistant 
Registra, Faculty: of Law, Univer^ty of Birmingham, PO 
Box 363, Birmingham B15 ZTT, to whom appljcffSons 
should be isent by not later than 6 June 1986. ., 

An BM opportimjties Employer. 

Staff Tutor in Law 

AtxMatns are meed tor a Staff 
Towsfte m Law m tte Dront- 
ment tt Baw-raotal ShaBes. 
a gnofl tot o ayae av Uwad 
■w mmnea ai my 

No speoai titeiest haws rwevant 
RtM London Unanrn Enena! 
LLfl. degrae. 

Amual sat»v f&BNmniaMe. 
cufsrov onosr renew) s on m 
HWI SCW HKE 160.980 - 
369.100 lanx. E13L300 . 

Choosing Independent 

00 fujw can help wju mate 


YOUR chiSi 



• • Efig^fllWLYSrel 


-Typewnung. u«Vldal 

tuman. oatly speed dew*- 
opiwro. •* pertrtc/ 
rimronkc, 4 wfcs. FUU- 
tew day. BegueMH sfet 
June Jane 30/ Jute &■ 
Itafrestieiv any MondV 
Tel:- Mn.ptttpm 0U4B9 
®9W. Tbe Ldngtiam Cta*- 
*«. IS Otmntren S. for* 
Lane. London; wi. 



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^V£S£i “SSSL*" “S> i 

Please routn ^T urch «y»«D 

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P ^^ C f^ON 

p ^r ' - 

Mary barnes 
"SSiJS? » law 

tWt-q May ZO i9is 

°1 gQjKx aa. 

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Snff?;. lay ,wni ™* «« one 
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*SfiZO pm -01-980 .9888 

Prar.uir tux Oji 
{ rioowng hum. N-S..OR. 

ma^wJSL PaT * tt>e ««■ 

<*n,fUiwj . Prof n«r r j 7 
”™nrS(. o-r.firo pw, 589 

S® 3 « me. iwStt^oi 

■"» gpntL VAUMco HI CQr. 
mcj ■ f¥ ri81 Climate. labaifoitt 
WffHWW*- wno (Md. ur 
I mw Ow Fantastic borgaui 

nrrt^n^tif* 1 *^-*^ i J " w <*'*'»- 


*■**■ rusMTs worldwide 
Ring HTT 01930 2*65. 

'■**** FLIWiTS Wo rvjwide 
l*WWW 01-930 1 Mx, 

e ^P ™5 « Witt. httv | 
* twspr. L*a 4 mod gestnw- I 
"25 OtMonui Travet 01-730 

S M USOA. ruto. LOWCM tans, 
qi 7 VS 8191, A»(|»l 

Fit** I 

to wc any- 
rnwr! Tinker wftli a . 
tort on Ol Mi 3629 A10I200& 

a- a *230 pin. Pome 

fcl lOrin Coropa 01 437 BIOS 

*T?g^t£r?XrSi* m 

7161 37jtigvM. 



Cfr rafc Mm. Ca- 
jjjxw d ii and Tarlw 

■09239 771366. AST A 

lr “ vel - 01 

^ «tam: m*n. 

WAJOB gu^ StaSLI 1 ^ 0 **' 

refers bESE nSS? 1 "* »“ 
era- *«*> io box 

^JlA K wnWoa Road. SW3 

£^S^‘ W 

sss^ 1 

o^SU^JSS™"- 73 * 

Holidays . amah iumL r» 


5H5S b *8 *5*qJ2L7 

StoHhWs COfWca A sS£§: 

mel - “lEfhSsr^Si*^ ■EES* | 

• KaH board ado Miuunu 



«£&,= wS~ swH‘S3^«’ 


OM. Top Or *t taf gta. HaP W “ >a, ' Wy - “•‘ c - W»d ww 

D» bedno. 

2 S%£.- 1 "' a * 

TKU 499 5334 

T71366 AHTA 

doled n?T H^wstswr 

I™" 1 *"* TlmeT 

^ ls ^533'EJg$g 

f*5"»r cau 923 J037 


fnigitts from mo;* UKaran. 
M«MV laww-oai ofHrTivSoS : 
01 071 0007 ATOL 1640 

600 Mn. 





^ — — « . rom 

WorStm^S 1 

London Kuin IP 1 ! onwt. 

Dfrjowr wfll be tnp iT- Li-J” 

an old £3E <»_ m ag=ag 
riTIMii. 01 ™ 7728 

A» »«‘«a°... ? a *g r WW cards. 

^ J tS^®SSSg , gss 

2 S 2 T « wiaw^gr-jy 


M.F lo 

wOnCM oral I 

London SWip not 

Oi 232 iBia ^ r«Mhon» 

AanrouAJHAH book . 4 . 



!J« •“’Mnw. but w 


W^lUfa. 0> 



looms to law CH hi» AvSa I 

^'87^r 5 * £,WB ^^J 


^a sS^ggsag-l 

e *"***K Edwardian Ive. n a. I 
WW. o.r. pits TV. near life? 
*3000pw exd. 743-1778 ovo 
Sw bnwv l**e 
rj® CH. d/VMivf. 1 

£46 pw ootri. 01 .M 4 1 

ZS ♦ OR 

• # oatta a pretty bouw ran —m, 


am w nf 1 eihnii 1 

nm moker tar o.t. £170 pc 
ra« J£. PJSS 

"“«■ O’ 874 


Mnrebi. jo-Boi*. - Cairo. 1 
DntaL kteobuL Smfapore. 

[ Dfjj". teJskofcHfflS I 

I S>d ??'- Smopc. A The I 

i^ss^nE » 

London WJH 7D& 

board ado avatna 
j;-, areas from 049. island 
SUN 01 223 7462 
Twimwum Swbwy 
w£398 MB £»«a. AacUAM 
0-w C«0 itn ET74. Jotuira 
O. w £2M rtn £470. 

JeiO -w 092 rln £680. Uh 

ai ""i^HSL 01 570 


ronlo £319. JTmra £419 
5™*l 8m» £639 

Auckl and £749. D»tta*r l3o 
*J*w» S’n'H- Oi 839 7loa 
la™ AMERICA. Low ™ 
'»• a R» M86. LhS 
. jASS rln. Also Smau Creun 
Hohojv Journeys. JLA oKSt 


See Your 


Thr I etting Agrnl 

JWtttJI aw Owner's own 3 bed 
wa «c orter. 2r«oii. 

rpSt"sjCi M 

The 1‘rop*-rl» Stanygeri 
(IJ-221 KX.lM 


low r, 

t*A- B. AinertaL MM ana r*r 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Seumiay [(LOD-IXOO 


»" gsEr- 

Kg IM . 

fe ^ ££? 

* BSWM8 mar, ubmui vn 

w i£h& an™* " 












EML S Africa. Trayvau *a 
fffryr.C 1 StTML WlVoi £80 
..Z^aivwa Accapud) 

M ?°W Miami LA. CfwapM 

to 01 

«^W««LO £798 peon. Club 
lr £1899. First fr £2036. SM- 
nw ir £669 rtn. cSwiSS. 
ClAlcrs Gardens. ICDnonMn 

the very best 


^ ^ ^ Knf^hlibridpp 


cabban & 


yj 1 .™ Air s lwrars couptar. 
C1T0 1 K4B * « 

**I° Smart, quiet ILm. Bad. 
gar™ k&B. tiao 
MlO no. Terrace 2 Bed. 
Her™, ksa £180 iik CH 
dee flat wth pa. 
®™ Reeep. k+bn Rra 

*H Weddec family house 4 
Bed^Z Rec™. HASB. Gdn 

e 'taSWGTON. W8 

Sroem oec s hen h* m «xc 

w anton gm saarp. 2 hpui 
“Off's. 2 tattenB. (i H 

Rerrp. KS« 
rraMyd £350 
SM Lpe LfuruRM Hse. 

[fWfRtl unusuiv shoous 
jy m Mduresaua qwer mat 
«*!®«Bi|r re-aac To ne la 
°L s ® , “5' »wn 4 
r™ m %-?_ , w*a. 2 bam. fat 

LBe LmnjFUM Hm>. 6 

2S a «60 01, h ' B,h - a ® «« 

01-589 5481 

Tel: 589 2133 

W14 farn.*unfum hse - 4 
bed. 2 read, good k. 2 
bath. gdn. I >4 yn. £230 
SW6 fumvunfum hse- In 
ap-lop order. 5 bed. 2 
read, super K. 2 B. pana. 
1/3 yrs. a»a 


SW7 pretty Mews hse. 3 
bed. dtXe. reew. K & B. 
Pklnfl. £428. 

SW7 Superb Mews hse. 3 
■bed. SrecpL K. S^B. 3. 6 
■nths. £1000. 

01-589 5481. 

St James's SW1 
Specialists In 


01-930 7321 

Sunny flat In pleasant gw. 
den square, reepuon. 2 
bed*- 2 baths it ensuuei. 
WWwi. balcony. Avail 
long let. £? ?p gw. 

01-370 07U 


^s^JS173SiK l S 

Weal Sprin g. su mmer. Tui wn^r . 
Tratei 01 573 4411. “™ aln 

lAndknd* « Tamm 
come ro us tor 

rewsucrroH. wSbledoh 



T S*jy«AwmE» msTmiTiia 

London Wl 

or 629 6185. 


w mcsical 

iw. swa ot-684 soia 

Ml at r In uni 
oous Oal o- looking sdra rSo 

■■■■■."^ M-TOWWW dw. 
HAMPSTEAD Vn | aqt nnn. 
SSfiL? 'JJ to] l»J. SUH pr^fML 

A?a s»Wi 

F o/r ie oturr 




VWdw dax My me. Maja» a 


.MB tody 
WjMmwt tortures 


**2J 9igr 


™s&'n£°* n * n * 

H|E"»T to HCAHT. Today! wav 
"yyd, Cnnftdemiai mtn- 
rZ??? mrouwiotil UK for 
Comoaiucin-iiuii. FnencBlntL 

Mamagr H«m to Hw £32 

*W3 wi» Moot euftUeniowh 
tfrtMm. itnmacuuif ram mum 

or b«* WtSTo^^a-S? 


Lon non M 

Muai, 0I-B92 2051 
CAPTTAL CVp prepare htgb quail - 
ru me ulum viUd^oiSoy 


Love or Marruar 

All M-j areas. Dntniiiw. n., , 

'OI6i 23 atHDgfloji ttma' -RSf 
»* *v« Tri m^wToii 


LondonS leMboo 


•no reromuDonea. Oimiitv at 
dl 68836 13 


*«» 01-485 j 6BJS ^ UD * a »«e 

^K r A,TME^ 

pm and 373 2566UI3 £l> 
"W I2S-5B) share lara> hauu> 1 
2- 3 omars. NTtSbe 4*35 

“SS5^S 1JO P76 6em 

■IMIC IKH«/r, 
..jaruilies. m.r. n/s pSr £57 , 
P w inr. Tef 724 366®. 


in lux h«Se7«b' bmb w 
^I° ^l .f. 16 9 nc m- 7*^Sl. I 

■TJ«WW00D Pleasant rm. 
W. £200 P6.m^ Be N 
Smoker, please. 286 7972 

“JSSJ®* WM w an* 

■ SIBHOiS B74Z 331 ni 

SwuzjSrrmaiw. ot-S^S^ 
"ir c * ll 'L Faro. Maleoa elr 
Omono Trawl ATOL 17 & 5 ' 
01-581 4«di. Horsnam iwi 
Ni. Sooth AfHOk 

01-734 7432 

MM* STRUT. W? bnmac 

M irasoneoe sei on 3« ftoor d I 

OvaefilOUKflpD Wort 

Rrup 1 

Uc £230m 

CMM pb Wort Earty 
Ijoray mcommMOed 
k« Jaiw txds. tnm. 


® Saqrae'k fiddx WZ 

mn of? tmHowi ftac Mh 




It snenus 

b«i 2 tan lg 

Ml ntmagn 




- — - . r«IP m. Omni i... 
"i J nw oeiK. 1 sum Ben. 2 

Mtell mi. uwey rm tMowy 

naseei «n ip ocCHWt pan 


baa. recto, kfl. bareony. panfang 

SMMf 0 

B— d *y Road, mn 
Sarong hum hom the 7m How el 
the ncetefll Mock. 2 beds ? 
bate, toe recap. W. bafcony. Wt. 
fl in £275 pw. 

a ^mvs house on 

2 "dors wnh large oaraoe m 



Amoncan tatchan wnh al 
^ ““‘We 

•radtoonal rrannBr. Loi^ !«. 

01-488 8926 


*tek'&kishr m Fam - 

KUAMfTinvKL sikpqiattm m 
J^hn America A Europe air 
tees. Tef; Gl -37 TSHfirr" 

Sl^to lCTW a rupned rial. «,*, 

■S?f r n*™ won 
-g*?nq tabiB. 1 due M. | 

for mn 2 yr u. 

01-724 3100 

WllUll hum runny 4 bed 
mu fc. lee Wu. mbi plan kndi 
BWh Sum prof lumuj- yiurm 
S200 pw. Phone 01-272 3272 
p* go movna 
















hu«e audhiy proprrtito u an 
areoi w m 657 oasi. 

SWj lHI ‘ *n»- new kn "uatn.' I 
C22 » PN Co«M 01 sS «»i 1 





U» WA MATTERS t S Gudemi 


a wsr«3r*« ssr-l 

*2Jf*f^*’®* noaecHopcH. i 

7V1 or »h June. An* - sennaie 
pme part. Tef Ol SM®aBOOext ! 

w * w W dN aoracdue doubfe 
S ?!” " g*!* n " tor ttam 
™Tmobfc-Maio setMce. s 
to Mum. £20 o oar wmi 
T*L 01 640 9968/ 


wicut^^SaSS ms«n 

MAYFAIR hat 3 bed asm. 
mnnian. ®4 hr 

-j* 50 * C 760 tout SgTaStr 



nra LUXURY I bedim Anrore 
pal won UR. porter. Aid) now 
Id md August 01-367 3851 



-* SAVE £££’s 
1.000’s of seats 
must be sold 


, X> BlIRQ — ■ 

rm. Aviv 





El 79 

El 82 


. £210 


DECKERS travel 

- 01-370 6237 

*** RAM returned. Enobth «~-i. 
if*q latiMv wed tanZu i 
■024071 2939^” L4Tni4ny Tell 


r * Km j 

burned piw imewureM. m i 

m £Sf*"SL ! a 1 »* oSr 1 



RWHW M/r..dbto bedrm to 

WIHIP, rimf ab tmfni ftH £4B 

g^jwef. TcftrtK 

6J0 m or Ol 392 0209 uO 



* huge discounts 

ffi rwm * * KE* ZEALAND I 

Hjw * Canada 1 


(ESTD 1969) 

epsom, susner 




"■w £325 fiDnaMn 

gg™ ^ s~ 



21 SmSw a, Lowtoe wt 


Cl 98 



oi •£???-7? c ** n 'r Mtta 1 

R APT WMU ItlL' Ch a rn u n g for- 
E*S? M»m p nwMe Ceoegwi. 
hroro Bedroonv autfna room. 

: . Httjrrs. bonded 


bW- rate*. totophohe «c. mi 

•8W* Armen „ 

*■66. Ot-884 7371 

; 1s 


Together we can beat it 

W* fund over one third of 
all fetejnh mio ihe pemu 
li* ,r > ^'>4 tore of cancer in 
■He UK 

Help us b\ lendingaduru- 
iiMnur nukealegjcv io 




2 r'.irhnn HutiwTrru «■ 

I vjv Tl«/5l I >-nd>-n W|V5\» 

Prof m t 

'"SS5LS* ' l 5“5 torpe ootn- 


^ wmporto. Ol 326 10^^ 
SVD/MQp CAls Perth j y ^ s AH 

ssrySr^A AlJ&/Nz - 01 - 

*wc WBoraY nrnuwL y 

Sf T ’S5i“]-. C? 11 Ui now 

“w« Ol 724 315a 

■ffiS-ss. -was 

“W full lengm wlndowi. 
^r'*^ ^ * »YC. Ca long 

(Maiugmem Ben irew 
fifjNwy propernn in cenirM 
«um and wed London area 
tor waiung appncanbLCU 22 1 



• rvcdhd urgently um } 

"“"w wg ^ rowSramBS 

toroLondon areav Foranen- 
non Ptoaw nnp Ol 938 3425. 


SrrnSS . Pw- *** ^ ^ 

KAB n jy £ vaSS^. 

CRUISE ASAa ABROAD Adn "“ w4 Co37 ° 6 ^ 

5 * Ore eh isiorMh on ~ 36- 
Drot 19 May. 2 whs 
tor only £199 do. amo loam 
early Jun. Flodila Salima Hob. 

Ol 9895423/8140 

‘ 2 . berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wks June 3/17 
“*® ^n».too«Lw / aporto 01 
336 1006. AM 2091. 

"WOT 4 newly dec b/sa. .hare 

NuliRlL nji Pi xn 

TefcOl 994 nor 

| LON OO H. Luxury hitnmuied 
■Browik. fuHy sen -i cw i 
itunce of Mayfair or adentu to 
h^dPton Palace. FtotTSoo 
- £560 pw 3 monihs ■ 2 yearn. 


Ol 491 2686 .fTeJex 299186L 

YVUMM^aurmina new 1 oed 
•*41 in Mock with pool, gym & 
sauna. Super kit a bam Long & 
■hon lets £166 pw. ftoii k i ni a> 
Srrarti 01.930 7321 ' Mnam * 

«AVFA*. tnlertar designed flpfs 
in buck with lift. 2 fieos. kn all 
machines, hattimt and ihoiwr 
Co let £500 - £580 pwGoo- 
dard 3 Smith 01-930 7321 

**yiT **R- Pe nthouse with Ige 
Wf InruTf 3 dnif 1 hfrti 1 

muMi pn vwe. Ige recep Avail 
■mmed. Really sgi 0012. 



BARBADOS Smrt'Holeto 7 

£S£i 'nEZ'iZL ■« 

A«wini only 

£61. SuitaMf for mSSimnS’ 






Wlte tta* sm m mm rj 

£*““ aw fr E8S 

®2A 28 /S b £71 M 
S£P avs b m 2 

Mro* HJ0M £5 if*”* 

»4CE 3*/5 fc. El 12 

• WrltbRMtol 

MAaomm see cmm Dim 

w Pw hL Manx- MtoseeS 
competent PA7SEC with » w» i 
*taia imd AamiTWiS; 

(y to OTuanne. reassure and gel 
*?Jp£«P tore of cmm carnSa 

iff •"A f* 


HOAOA'nE PLACE W 8 . Stun™ no 

tS u SS . 8 EUff 1 • Ur,e r ' T ' 0, moc ‘ 

j?... A ”: ro °f WfT with vww. 
Ouwt. Ugfu. cxmnsporL £400 
1156/229 8940 
K YPE PAR K Wg Lovely ftuenor 
I dWr brd (lai Deauti- 
J**-. Bkop. mad im 3 

KKMNtOTON charming 3 bed 
fSJ^L® f* 1 "nre luxury 
5Jj*5* n * nathroora, raav reach 


>Wnm. DnidiriiHy - prawned 
tornof the century hse. 3 beds, 
ammfl rm, df rm. lot. ige 
Me abwr rm. Cdn. £230 
v« HI «*T«| 381 -attorn; 
Ige eoraethie I bed flat, 
mmay afr. nt ml Si nS 
- chorea- Nr tube 6 bores. Prtv 
cat. Co let pref caoom^ iwo 


SMUILNI Bank urgently re 
mures luxury (tore andbousn 
h«n £200 . £1.000 pw. Rma 

mSSSS£^S f £S eMBat ^^ 

■BAUrWUl cape TOWN (Urn. 

jtou retoietorsw aptorN.LeS: 

tSS row tn " n *"» ""w 

BOM A BUTCHOrF tor luxury 
wnntrna in 8 Johns wood. Re 
«**» Pmfc. Maua Vaie! sUre 

reff2A2ff w ““ d 01 586 7881 

•OWAVIA am ai 


m-auauie now. pw 
Burgere 01561 5136. 

*5 l S52!!L c »' Hktoaway. Fleer 
S’ ^reg am pnd nrsrmno n«L m 
Hretortc Court. £166 pw. Siff 
PmyUS. 340 6968/353 ^ 

Bj»« furn 2 oed^ieS'Sff - 

»^|W*M»IA^ ,AdMnlo«. A 
^ery afractne ano wed nned 
otd pw a-a -terra in a perfect lo- 

ratwnand with ii-s own -uren 
222 ?2L* nr * Dmtoto bedroom 
MHi b athroo m en suie. recep- 
(MMi room and Lifchen 

toLuniurnnhed or furmhed at 
t300 per week. otto. Sole 
agents. Howard Mnwr and 
Com pany. 01-235 
pMUT SQUARE loth Braun 
tuny appouilno tpanouv liai in 
W^Jtomw wock 3 OedrooiTH. 
double sitting room, aressuu 
joom. 2 bathrooms 1 1 en siciei. 

Et, 5 - 12 montnj. £700 
pw. 01-723 9612 CarUon E&- 

amemcan txt cu n m m 

kix Hats /houses £200 - £iooo 
P.w usual Im req. nium 
Kay A Lews. South of the Park 

ffiSf* °* 362 Bill or 
Ntoih of the Park Regeni-s 
Park office, oi 722 8135. 

“X tour PROPERTY with 

vealer fteutolity OMam your 
fmromra lor shon or tong term 
Wh on our umaue hire service 
5"" Mr Mtrhaef Mortuary 

SfZg'aZts '™ Ud TH 

MMnmres STREET SWl Superb 
hadKional furmshed Rat within 
«»J*un9 dejance of Harrwn 
and Sloane so. I mie im 
2K- M Kit and bauSS; 

**?•!? !***¥* Contact us now 
onOl 235 8861 for the best se- 
lection of fumnned ftats and 
houses to ram in Krughueroge. 
kemfngfon and Chehm. 


curTisiuy neeiang good auaiiiu 
^id*nmmi ( Sa^ i r" IIJ ' 
ceiural London tar wafting 
company lemma Ol 937 96817 
KaeSMCTON WB. Firm rial with 


a lerre. rutty renicrd. £900 

P-cm Inc. Teidi 771 
6668/222 1835 
SW10. SMaaus nal etaganily 
12™.* 3 recep. 2 battn. 

exc mi ■ ail machines £250 pw 
Lon g Id Tef 381 4266. rTL 
SWISS COVTAOC. £350 pw. Mod 
5 bed. 2 oalh town tne Mr Hou- 
day Inn Co let only OUien 
acauaoie ACJtx. 686 8811. 
SWBMl The number to remem- 
ber when Mr kino bed rental 

when reeking best retrial 
properties in Centra] and prime 
London areas £ifio/£ 2 .ooopw. 

style, rectn. bed. kui dTu —Ur™ cieo/£ 2 .ooopw. 
J“«>- 9dn. £160 pw" T 9 st W ? I 7 ,,,IB LO,IDOMT Alien Bates 
3964. A Co nate a large selection of 


^f.Jm rei.Lun 1 Dbi Bed. Kil. 
Baih. Recpt. Ratio, en 
Alarmed £90 pw. 01 -231 0067 


most lk« long shoh ierm ami 


Inge -diner. tal/bUSt. 

CCH. pauo/pdn. £450 k Ol. 
847 2641 lOl 01 789 7662 1 Hi 
'■ S**'® 3 bed sunny f I flat. 
Own free-lined si asuuw 
Utoraw*. £150 pw TehOl-299 
BROOK BDREDf Wfi. Chamring 
1R to- s r flat, tec dmrm i 
dWe I sglr orms k 4. b eJt. 
ow lube. £13000 pw 1 yr 
lel-Tel 01-74B 5084 
fWCRLTY MIR. a bed. lounge 
mured £ioo pw. tm- oi its 
S^ s -.i!L. s,,a * T '**•»"* or or 

flare A homes avail lor l wk + 
from £200 pw. 01-499 1666 
W2 BAYS WATER luxury well 
euwppm ridL dbl bed. recep. 
duret. bato. mi. oh. garden. 
£135 pw CD Lei Td£29 6697 
A BARGAIN flatlet, bibs paid, suit . 
«■"»■£ 36 pw. Others too 627 
2610 Hometorafors 7 days 
Lnnrrsrty 3 Bril Museum Hel- 
en Watson 5 Co. 580 6275. 
BARNES Beautiful 2 dbl bedim 
collage. 2 recep. K 1 B Gan 
£180 pw. 22S 0944 iTj 

ESWS.TO I H4WnUO > S0nb| l>L 


tor-Jr^n OT do wned prd*^ 


pw. O eene 5 0,01 626 B6tl. 

.K* General Appomimenre 

■am Heatm— 2-,^% 

gnere. open lire. Co lei pref. 
£215 pw. TM Ol 794 8374 

«™««don swi*. S mm sm 

| u £3' %*» "»; m 'mall Wk. 



■A^TAR* "tudto. suit couple. 

Pjw^.handv lube. [HO pw. 

927 2610 HometocMors 7 day*. 

POTREY HEATH Luxury 2 bed 
raL pnsaie mate. ,nc CH. 

•SSlre 66 BSlT®* 6505 " l 

SPACIOUS 3 bedim hse parking 
racpi. nr tube. £1 15 pw omeri 
627 2610 Homelcalorf 1 days 
fwr» Ms in Sto4 Rem from] NCNSMCTON. House n row— 

cm re. I 

BATSWATER flat i bedim redec 
Children ■ pets ok narking. £90 
pw «7 2610 Homekxmorv 
■RAUnFUL LUXURY 3 bed hre. 

2 bains. 2 rec. nr cneisea 
Bridge 1200 pw 874 4406 111. 

GHttSEA Light tux balcony flat. 
Double bedroom, recep. tore. 
POnera. Long JeL 622 5825 

SWB Lux Fura 

3 ro <m tun. Mon stianng 
LIBOpw. TefOt 946 4896 

OJHtWRW Lge lux 3 bed flare 
o looking Riser, nr I use. r-.wi 
pw. 788 4448 ilk 
EALUHj A large luxury fuu. ronv 

S«i tIM 788 

FAMILY HOUSE 3 bedrm. phone. 

627 2610 Honsetocators 7 days. 
.PW- Hurry 01 her.' 627 
2610 Hon*- locators 7 days. 
FUf-HAM Lge 3 bed house an 
amen im. excellent order, roan 
Pw 736 5505 il, 

GREEN FORD a large luxury 
house nr lube, sun pror people. 
£1 30 pw . 788 4448 FINCHES. 
"“BBS’S™ « oed. 2 bam. h*\ 

S&MnS»%B W “• N,9ri 

•U6R6ATE Lux mod town tree. 4 
oed. 2 bath. gge. co let. £500 
pw Nigel Holder 883 3265. 
HCtHUTI 2 bedrm. lounge etr. 
all amenties. Cl SO pw. ivigel 
Holder 883 3256 
MOtMEMARE BWlt. Near ame- 
nilips CH Gdn. £JO d w tfI 
o* 223 BBiiamrS ££' ™ 
KDtSJNflTON WB garden flat of 
6016 C m log ue sunny lounge. 

2 barms L2S0 pw. 602 6941. 







i a 

pm. Apply 402 8366 
wo* Cau 

627 2610 Honreiocaiors 7 daw 
SWAjgrd Or Him t bed flat. £76 

sr^6's^i orrewiwTrt: 

LONG LET gho Hobdays m Lon- 
Prooerhes 242 
9462 ext 27. or 831 0367. 

wJBus , ^«as 

as? i 


”J*y®0*Wl. Beautiful tutty 
fla« will, secluded p» 
5® £**SP» Tel 236 2182 ext 
aoidayi 821 .9104 iete*r 

***** COTTAGE 2 bed luxury 
Hal Go tot .£350^2- ^ZSS 


fOTlaMe _ _ 

PCm no TM OI 633 t&AS na 

M- fowl. Ol^ia^SS 


■ - n. rftfaMe nvtfe. 
roa to snare Orennmg gdn flat 
*!»* other. Own 
room, ch EA Bjo-pw T«h*94 
7*ii before 1200 tm 
n * 1- 5 nOT * (u> re- o 

22 *nwn*re*. roof tarr 

eto^CBO pw reef Tet BtU on 55l 

A last minute 
villa with no 

We are ahnqre aM, m oRer 
- Jity vlBm Distort notice, 
i tnc enmhaire on the 



sgs2? ,,> ai i; * 1 

Sf™* 1 cao pw from 
^5^86. Mease caO 0782 . 
333688 between 6 and 7pm 
io pyre Lon Boot. 

S. < 5r&T»"T5. , ?a£ 

oi^sbeSt Tel after a 84,1 

***** Prof M N.« 26+ O/R Mr 
free AH aomnifs ciso ncm 
223 6393 mxbl ' 


lospaak TrwviwasnaMiBachBfs 
stMoai anernim 2 ns ywa® 
equemem «eascoweussietnarts 
» me ana v are ma they an no 
•wwmrnlfrGowmriwiI by 
fcOucfflon. byLtxauAumomies. 

4& Hemonl Rail Lusdn W2 BAH 




Wfcandn CMaptast T*». do- 
sgn mem omySBSS pefsg yd 

+ VXT. wool tm Bmw trora 

An wide Hessian bartad E4.35 
W» M sM + VAT. Vfrafe sucks 

207 Kawaratocif KB 
Kaopnaod MM3 

Tel: 01-794 0139 

Free ct»aWh£dM tag 

wth ibcempbaNipn the 
hjBhtaidird and jetvlce our 
*»*«we has premtoed (or IS 
yeorx. There arc no note 
you on 

airtvnL We twre v.Blai In - 
PtmutM. South otfWc. 

OfaeH MBncb - Corfu. - 

Crete. Pbxoa. Ate tte 
™H**o Bebnonce ki Italy. 

From the eery luxurious and 
e *P*ruiee — to the very " " 
^mple and modestly pnoedT 
Axk too vlfla spectairetB for ’ 
their bwd wa - quick^. 

I am* aiw. qv TraveldiM) 

8iJtiSS 3 v 

(5890132 - 24ht| 
bmchare service) 


"gJW--* 8 — wb'piw tt 
T75A M cisats Race 1I7B 




AinaAW . 

HW6 iaws . 


w«rai W 
. XBOflG 









**•» to promotion' wKhla 5 bnoht t-.i .1 . ■ — 

wah sz**?±?‘ 

md rerwe of humour; fluency w. revmy - hk _- 

•«■■ people and abUIfy 10 work u ryT * 77^ wta 9 tang 

S^«SSB5?=P^5t. ^T 0 ■* 

onvwa medical echame. 

IDiraetan, HIM Mall. Landau 



-£2S0 - 












12 ® 




^S^JL W9 ^ 88 "Service Manat 
to VVembtoy^jin 6 - 8 wmSsS^eb!* 



Earow/USA R'gare ouaw 5400 
to a ite H gmaa 1515 
'WMFOW MM 01-908 3*44 
, Gowranwrt UxnMd/Bmlal 

I«ta wta^SSmmI 

P-a. AAE. 

For further details and to 
teJaphone Mr -L Maries on 01 - 



- AovormntB ojn wn. 

•asfc-^-F ggMwi w^SSS i 

”my botaraus Media 

4377. Me 8L Rec CUk 

Holdec 883 3255. 

T *2J««Cdii Iflai i bedrm. 
BRBff «« PW Others 
627 2610 Haraefocaiors 7 days. 


SALARY £9,000 

InteresUng and varied 
work with Physfother- 
aplsts and Doctor in 
Orthopaedic Practice. 
Previous Medical ex- 
perience essentia]. 
Applicants should be 
under 36. 


01-636 3830 


£ 7,000 LLe. 

I?® 1 fnanrty 

group. whoiwMa bngmea- 

Pf» JiWFifl Secretaiy 18 +, 
» look after our office based 
"CtHwno x. Tafex. tm- 

I?? W ® 1 ^ 

UK and Overseas work. 


81-838 5195 











- SECRETARY (Richmond) 

Rwilijpd fof A busy Clip. -ryij.- 

sf*x M -£Ss 


«• wm. Mm?c.v'£ ,m * m 01Ma 6966 

Cbemie Linz UK Ltd., 
d- u . „ The Green, 
Richmond, Surrey TW9 IPX. 

. a 


MWT -TtH U C Ate fSxhaff 
®v pratcrad) for small inmdly 
J2J5 riJ*«Fiy- orwntod 
WHireny. Admin / AtMko. wp 
fJJ^"fl»rorTwiice hetofun Ma- 
tura. ftaicibre outlook and ability 
Io wort now ownlul Salary 
tteWOWe QC5.0OO TtfeplKHM 
Viciona on 01-409 2643 

TO assist the Adventsment 
“*Wor of Iniemanonal 
Magrone devaied iq /\n 
ana Antiques m Wl. 

Good tefephanr manner and 
tyoii^ naentul. Sbonitand 
advamageous. |Q] other jobs. 
Apt 20+. 


a small RntTumreni Correulran- 
® ‘ woairee witnm 

P yrerouig . Puanc 
■""“re and Proparty H you 
jjree e°°d sremanai .kills row- 
W<to wiih a bn can and outgoing 
re^OfMlny and would Ukc a 
Sjjjrereres .ww, can lag 

»>76 or after 7ora. 699 4377. 

Phew 81-8293081 

U>ra.Y H0UDAT8 TO 

CfMLBCB Interior DteaMn-tao i 

Sm* rtn. ™ mn **K"ior tor 
MD £10^)00 M . 6 For Du* 

. *rereh*r sccratailal vacancies i 
ta sw and Wm London **«di 
^tidawom^w? 1 

^SSTST?*! 0 *- £, pj*-o°o 

g^gayrere jtod cor^S^! 
™ rom. typing warn but omv 
ry^wh tn s an. sec on hoB 6 an 
L^ J.<re w«L Lore or 
SS hareon. Can Lorrame 
Of-AOB 6t48 

Kresteiw pm crop. 

A "Y**I“ J reU and Publish tog ra- 
wed iDuMrslton company srat« 
•nfhiautoM- perum wnn untre- 
5J* to help run hMiir but 
«*™«Y office Tetephone 
work, typtnq and cooing with 
“S“W lvjre» FW furtlwr da- 
Oiih ring 01 402 2643 

wpndirfui pnpor. 
w**uutz wiTMary 
CfUtor S2? 1 *hSal° r “>*rere 

™idi*nft books. 

. ttloonv Sq| 


Sgog £11.000 ■* bonus. 
Prranreeus West Cud Mark Mina 
seek a Ihrly. wen 
groom'd secretary Io 
Iwip busy >ouim Vice Prm> 

™ LanqUMW DSPtUl 

OMHiaur NAnon wnti Eurw* a 
E«el|ew SW? 
&n»p*ctt Castfeoaia 485 401 1 . 


I S21 “* e **‘ 7 Sniair but ay 
Lonoon prooerfy 
cwim any mnarem 

■OVAL COLLEGE, i Medical Sra- 
»ri SWl: ReauSS^wSJ. 

Macslea iProtMOU eraouatr nr 
A merei lormaili irwnra Sec 

• 4rtJl ■'"*» 20> to MU 

wnn nnu organising special 
«MiBwrlh nanicuiar rrarencr 
to I hr Ooremrl Jubilra pro- 
■■""f. tenes will mdude 
■ " Wp in orua fitting mrrmai / n 
lemai wnunare mrrungv nr 
• including anenoancr al nmui 
ano grrwrai y-crnanai and of. 
lice admmiatraoan. OUMKUiee 
mould Iwc mum work rao> 
*nre. found Skills and WP 
“Ftrrenc* me wuhngnare to al- 
01 tdtehoiw 
Managing CHranor. Mmn-f 
&m»\e SeMun. I0O Baker 
01-935 6581. 


s in 


Slriwi. wi 

AontianL no snannaiuL work- 

jpg wun crazy cl mu handling 
^reTftoke. Musi enjoy the learn 


808gh (0753) 48811 


renal ana -wp auire'for ™- 
hreea. in sw and west 
Lonoon w* offer confpetauve 


■tereaa ted Agy 01-736 9857 



CtoadBaed tnm page 26 

Department of Engineering 



tty M pMaApof Aolstei. You are earned totm^S^s^nw^KMBTbWD. 

The g ec J et re y af to e School of | 


- - - T> *. Btere n ss r iH) 

** J^iis ygsf BM * bra *« au 

peas) 21100 (24 tn| aad BBSS) 32(48 


Applications are invited for a 3 year CASE 
studentship on the optimisation of small 
wind turbine systems, in collabortion with 
Marlec Engineering, to coram sice as soon 
as possible. 





Graduates should have, or expect to obtain, 
a first or upper second honours degree In 
Engineering. Further details can be Obtained 
hv telephoning Dr. Muisgrove on 
(0734)875123 ext. 7335 or 7313. Applica- 
tions. including a cv and the names of 2 
academic referees Should be sent to Dr. 
M usgrove. Dept, of Engineering, University 
of Reading. Reading RG6 2AY by May 24th. 

Cnoeure from tha most 

range Of cau 

iWtohlgbeif.nfefnpt io i w ay 


| Fua tone and Pprt fnb f Oreri u ifl 

B nn u g uL l ii flSgpttonbtol 


Ctororexmdimce Cowne 



— _ Centre . 

Oeo< T .iBBaidgrtonSt. 
.London wyiYiTGOr-483 Oi 85 

D» expert counselfr* corns 
every ispect of edocation, from 
prquiatoi; to fuighiag 
wAwrts, Grom iioaiioe to 
edacatumal psyebofagiets. 

We counsel parents on a 
Personal bass - oar advice is 
fa* and objective. 


eOLDI An to Wt l W I oonortura* 

WW re ■ tent to an 
t * w> 9neT iterenerv 

s-asS-a "ss 

rere ten 60 * audio stuire, be 
praMn *abtr. wed reotonwfm 
»ony « mtiativer^s. aS 

rendre nix? -can 437 
Hoterew Dee. Con* 


praMdeni of tore 
reroe ttireraaremai us company 
fftff ,* 1 ** tl !g r l> y rt reoreary to 
®**«» «" fm Ham- 
™ M I “Si HO you will be to 
rominMr charge of running Ms 
off* e. Wki y organ temg and be- 
“5, the centra of a mve of 
4*Yriy! 90 60 atdtts wSp? 
romoi (preferably Wreig] 

eroretre mdude - 


Chattenging new 

. refjjwww Penon as nr irtiml 
to MO m tots dynamic Consul. 
- rency rrcnufmg accouManre. 
You sjhoufd be u*H eoueated, 
.'ST*““ d fwxns Nubs iWP* 
S^JJ k, ^"**re , «ree» expe- 
“h of cbeniamuci. 
tnowncH-caty uwfw. 

^0f8SS h Sa5 CW “- a M,rt 

Ol 730 S14S. 

100 wutHfi the Training D*M of 
uw nwuy wd Cay news 
group, very fhmdfy. rad-moi- 
W fflumuwnl. Superb 
Pros pects (or ca r ee r dn«n>- 
menl You Should nate good 

w--5y ° Lea t m g college won7 
Many exciting posibons wimm 
Advertising ano Pubtauung 
j®!"?*" S tart had pre- 
ferred out im essential. Good 
Q renv. Cxcetfemi priHpecre 493 
2*7° 7 refer Tom 599 4377 . 

Duke si Rer Cons. 

Wnl. Lots of Cbenl Umon. 493 
»676 or after 7nm. 599 att* 
Duke SI. Bee Com. 

PPemngs wim Weri End Estaae 
Agmre. PitoUstrers. Mema Co's 
and in Current Allans. Parlia 
mwav innito, tHr, Cover* 
1,0 ^ 8t - 

SOMKADT 2TUf Quick off 
B» mane? wun young vice 
Preum-m of Qty bank naaimg 
p New issues. Your days will 
be anion padtod m and (MS of 
Up office wun tola of dieni ere 
reel. Good shorthand (yreng 
mu cross tram on Wang wp. 
Career oppertumty wnn trev 
rorey ♦ auner package ma 

reprtgage eguale £I2-I34XX>. 
vWYty Coi i kto 01-689 
9007 OOIO iRrc Cons) 
■wtuttve * law ojh . 
smM kmgMBnne law Dm 
Wi FA u nowty armed exec 

■people stuns', confident phone 
manner and evceUenl Uptng 
iBOw pm*i. some work experk 
m« darraMe bid not esmuai 
Age is* nwe in 01 409 123 c 
The. Won, Shop. 
reception ibi ■ admin sec sough) 

„ CC 8.000 qreal np 

Dbnuniu. Will became pan of 
tax tern Lore 01 HivovnenL 
reinnifrao Jonn. 
«*n 1 Rec Const Ol 493 3006.' 

“Y smaiL to sty and nmaMHng 
advrrusjrtg agency Their ctf- 

tone. He ■ young, efrermag 
rtleni neiesMor. You 

and an rkceUeni 

will mamiam dose Uaisen wtm 
cbenre. becerae totally involved 
and be encouraged to de«eUn 
voor own muecre. Good auebo 
lymno essential. Legal experl- 

i. s 1 *™* ■ “rew a 
yeek e holidays and norls club. 
Ptese letehow carota Km 
Ams on 01 499 8070. 

call 01-409 

The work 

Tmm & Knighifa 

Jfre youn g secretary tougni tor 

' " feraremg DON- 

5* on w 90THR0UR letiorn loui 
invg ywcDt. 

Jtatam answer, 

Ttn.nnf re* 5 rewf ftettnp wire 
re^yre.rorT TOiunitan eg. you 
™« r °e wru-gresemed wtfh 

«« MJX» - Hign 
fremr* opemng witnm on cv 
•remaned executive recruitment 
consoUaney. Yoo wui heto to 
coorxbnaie inierviews. meet 

«H» include same of me world's 
™ ar comramn. You wiU 
•A us play a key (ront-lme role 
“mile looking after office 
Mmm. Com prospects Picas- 
atil offices. You should be welf- 
omenied wnh accurate typing 
Ape 18-23 Please Ui 
01409 ia32 The Work shop. 


£7^500. The pesonnel manager 
of ttoa lop classic nothing mail- 
ers c toofung inr a wdi 
educated second tobbrr to D-am 
in au aspects of personnel Typ- 
ing n mnniiidl inuanfy lor your 
own uaei but good com mo n 
rense and the ability u> 
priorrilse wort, tt. msenlial Typ 
tog 50 wpn. Please letepnone 
Cmline king Appts on Ol 499 

rere meet cantitagies and ham 

rCV-s. Good argummo skills. 

FBJB AND TV £9 000 A leading 

film and T\ company based tn 
Wi seeks a senior secretory » 
Lheir Eigopean saiQ manager 


HH-cwtanwr and 
wrerei anproaett essential. 
Accurate sluUt. <joo. 6 O 1 re 
oueeUd Age 234 Pleas* call 
01409 1232 The WkShop. 

You'll help promote the latest 
I have cor 

Hu vc you considered a career as a professional pftot? 

Tull onr courses al CranOeBJ covert ng aB ground 
ana fbeig tnsf r u cuon for pco few trerel bcenccs liar sms- 
planes and hefleopw* ApprovM bar BrttWi Ova 

traditional l/nfvr 


Aviation Aufltortty 
Courses atari FeOruary. Jure and October each year. 
For fun oeoflfc contact 

Drpf. T.Nea<abNw*C6»»S 

bury. Suffolk. 0010 ecQ/^ 



wme ihu om uwaoN 

-SR. JBifc 28814UmttTi 

man E7 OOO Intenunatul 

E!?LS Hlm •?“ ^rewrtSf 

£^Jy?_y* re flood SSman 
w . rere f MMPpmfl otMti- 
mem In KUINn to secretarial 
Ounei you wui iramfiMe 
* w ~— “■— Tire /me — 

*««» SCHOOL? 1986 

Ceroian. ExoeUenf 

Aowomsoia CTJHW - young 
inform al ad agency seek bnohL 
rererey •ecreury lo work wire 
llvee accounl ex e c t ri i vea. Lots 
of cbenl and media Uanon. 
Busy involving too You should 
have some work exponence 
OoM (yontg uio Ntortfundl ev 
renW Apr 18* Pleas* can Oi- 
409 1832 Thr Work Snap. 

serta m- 

The Canme Adial nl m iai nr 
Treat Air Scrdns lol 
Onfield. Bed*. MM3 OAL 
TcL- 8JJ4 151243 Trio: B26I7S. 

SccmanaL Busmen. and Ltm-I 
yreB* Course*. w m PRXZfSrt 
Tramipg . fjiguan tar OvgrMta 
I »*re- nrawrsr im 9 1 

Cuuse to todependeni Schools b . 
jyjggjrey from wFLBmafv | 
fit— ffi*0 frOT ThWttn A 
JJftWJty; TOtTDNcsmno HIM 

Cta. i wndnwiiffira^ 

"SMIni Ptata tofeSS 

greo“* tfres AMt on 01 499 


New from Pitman 

EiBaawe SBOTia'iaf tromeg ptuaworkaxpretoticj (U our 

S^VMOngP inehxs»»m^«»«nire«eat» 
mvwiaind and Btfef8ra»*ai SkiWfflr fba 

nMeosgto^ ami awwnMJ _ _ . 

Appftwudbdgmg^BWfaD 1 * Aw posxctus. flfaBW 

Tfrfc 01-946 1706 


18 DunratimSnwaL parkLaor. 
UJmrenwi vjre. Ream wn» 
or Mrepnour tot imwmn 
. Teli oi«E9 2904. 

THC Huron secraunai rw . 


LandMSW7 RORi Ptu*sr wnlr 

. — STATE 

Foe advice on tne 

sci»d tar your etmd and oi|wr 
fducaiional ptoo i h im cooaifi 
Education aaws RocarcnSer. 
«n TaJ- 09074 BiTT 
WWCH aCMOOLT our oomwM. 
ima.H free gnd oOfrcrne. com 
“ Truman 3 

SS'I far DKBUOUHH Berkeley 
Sq ua r e »pom »aocial club. ttS 
is an iDleieaunfl. inetpaiinMepo- 

Mmudslrstmi. SnotitiaM and 
grono raauesud. a» is*. 
-Ptow irteonoqe 01-493 S78T 
VOKhbi Yams Conaurioncy. 

■“■Fnrerer/cooK. £ 7 . 000 . 
Super lumof Arcnuem in EWi 
need a bright- enthusiastic per- 
mn ip tom tneir irrendly (Mm. 
P unes U Kluac typing .«9w|mi|. 
yewr m wid. tfuing wun sta- 
uonarv. traebnp vtuion, 
wrangmo flowon and cnotang 
luncnes once a week for 45 
nrowe. please can 434 4512 
Crone Donou Rsecom. 

. release* and nave ccuwunf lui- 
smi with the Hollywood studios 
whue fTCoanng a lull pg rola 
90 -BOskius needed Please Me- 
PlWtieOI 340 351 1. (Wes! End) 
re Ol MOSUiiQii-i. Elizabeth 
Hunt Reeruthneni OomuuanK 
Htoduto Mural tonal advnory 
body setou a secretary ip a di- 
frerer- Take mponsibfiits- for 
Uictr newstener. help prepare 
Press releases and prtn ide good 
secretarial support. Benefits in- 
Oude 6 weeks hohday 90 50 
°ret»d Please Mfepnone 
Ol 2 40 5531 (Wm End). Qua 
bem Hum Rrmuiiitonl 

company rrauires 

*«pM SarraiBry Recepoomsi 
for 2 busy D.rec n»rs Cvnflenl 

wwnano t ypmp and word oro- 

wwno Muir* and ifi* aomty to 
wort 1 under pressure Anrac- 
nve May mr often £ 8.600 * 
oonus. 20 days holiday Mon 
jrooher preferred. Pius* 
°ree Lawforo on 
6298578. (No Agencies i. 
Lone R anger la financial enlre- 
Praneur m SW| 1 a seeking an 
secretory wnhm 
orgamsabonal aMIlty and IBM 
Efcrotoywnler experience to 
took aura him and Ins clients. 

^woorrev to PI rma. 

Mas- 1986. salary 
£? a £2lP a P utl Sharon Kenne 
83e te44 FIMwr wp D,v - 01 - 


9** lsjSo 

Jom urn top Crty secunlies 
house and netp markef toe 
52? I Mrkk-e s to overseas cli 
•ms Ekcrllenl benefits mdude 
groreous lunch allowanreT 
80 60 skips and wp expeneatw 
nraded weSSEcf 
240 351 1 iWesl Ejidl or Ol 20 
3561 iCilyi. Eluabeui Bunt rJ; 
rruiimeni Consuiiants. 

.S t" 1 tw eareffwuh 

*S2lI wl prey » me fash- 
ion world. Carrying «. . 

varied admin role you will w 
rnpotuiblg ter Mf« manawT 
mem and will be work^T?. 
i!* own imtiatnr skins 
80 60 wpm Synergy, the re- 
MVton-nl consultancy. CM-pS? 

cnaaenge lor young secreiarv 
wim good mins 4 organising 
fSEi to get m- 

A-9Q- 4UI o n snoots. 
£7 000 Jay gar Careers euaie 
Sqi tm 01 750 6148.^^^ 

London 1 wun ounupama facto- 
we* tor paiieni race and 
swuaiMi ui most attractive sur- 

ne®, K £ fc,n ® ,or 
sweimv. PA ire us Atom ms- 

”*!'** , , .. Com prehensile 
wnrucN sidUs linduduig snort - 
nand and hopefully wpi 
reguired. bid aboseafl we need 
■ui aow. wwj organised atonuus- 
tanrMNM wun a marked 
*°*iily for commumcaiion and a 
warm. Ineixuv. sensitive and 
raring pvrvonaiiiy Swrung sai- 
«v ID £84)00 pa wnTr w 
^tonequig Oarer - 
lor. ICO Baker Street. London 
«*«1. Tel. Ol 935 0681 

d to 
5d by 
Em - 

4 ^°^**a>«cwr T w 

u St.' fre r O m large Croup. 
WC2 Rainy SB (an Audio ryg- 
mg and oral wp exp. cZj&dZ 
benefits. Capnai Praw 2«o 
9384. after TpS TilSSi* 340 

HCH amo raaiew 10 es-oooTT 
'to '. Pre sligaovis firm of wi 
PwetlMsrataa young, socufly 
ronfMetu secretary 10 »■ 
SfflJtS.' 11 yfto P W and 
aoveruitog and orcasnnaily 
ahow w 

j55F?i n, T Srouww leweftory. 


■Ritpnonc Ol 2*0 56 ix iUod 
E«H re 01 240 Sn 1 SSk 
Hum RPCrutinetH 

Oazabetn . 

Con sul tan h. 


t,0 “° * tomiin 0 auinoray 
mocuiilng. grocmaag and 

and m 

' K mqtiH ey. 76 ITS) Noa uiu NXJ 

GMP. W12. m- W727i^c 

;sffa*8Wiis s?®*- 


»tey. 2 hS8v. 
May io Augavt. 

IM f Utiy ' __ 

Ttertjrm Kcnmng tm-TeSTm'- 


””** * If OKMCS etHor PA 

raorerM ire very prasnotoid 
CanriTot London Co. - Emnnai 
metude OK ser 
skills, fluency an French and 
^^reka ng know of Germpp coan ■ 

.rti Nd w -rnt fUBOMhiy It, tr*nt 
»«ro«t Salary e*+ 
RJ neerudflcnt OJ-499'644« 

AND EMBUMr Tuttton 

- « ttvaSSnSl S5S 

•le ■ Taacner. -vMA. . Owxu 
.JJWArM-TdWate 3602 

* April. PiMoecros; 
Mrs Day. A Wewerby Odns. 
SWS ei 373 3852 

tomim by 

- yArtauK afeHOf CCE.Omndo* 
Cmroww am ft* yeor Lrav 
work. Dl-946 4380 . . 

VW-PWflM Of 8 company 
wm moving from' Thama 
to.fewiai London need 
yowEn^»to wwinand •- tsvng 
told flaem rranm. Imernaturv 
^ J ^ fma, to*( r a c forai CD-49; 

WOO L WI CH (mm 

opening within m 

rejMitelton. as PA to Pmgn- 
I” Mana9w. You wiU look 
-Nte toorv. omra adfmn elr m 
■tejwn to bandtmg VIP dient 
®*“«*Se. ceoo snonnoiia ana 

tag ewenuel ' Age 31 s. 

tetobtene 01493 8787 
QWoon Ybtrs CoorelLin/v. 

TOMS SCet.Trsui bn WP la 
•toAOO * Jinji rev wuh & 
“®Ml.L«lf to exMnemi 
f^netJ cp seeu 
UkManafltr ma secs, you 
wm gre n uatuaNo lap wniwi a 
{ T ZT*2' M* ronno aomereiere. 
Lots of from- to prygren. 17 
JSJrt fd Free luncnes * STL. 
Y^i.^reiA toc Hm amarsh Ol- 
«9frJ48 Knotaw Dm Coos. 

r» .~£. H *l fld Sec CC9.000. 

MGR urgnuiy Trrti ned- 
W*. (*C lo beromf imuju 
muM vefl. Lux anviroiMenf -v gu 
*»!« QIC- fra* meals; 

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Enbarr fancied 
to maintain 
Warren Place 

•i+st-sr w « 

Henry Cecil served notice 
lhat his powerful Warren 
Place team is reaching peak 
form with lhat excellent treble 
at Lingfield Park on Saturday. 
Now 1 expea Enbarr to 
maintain the momentum by 
opening his account in the 
Mar Lodge Stakes, the closing 
event at Windsor's evening 

Enbarr was all the rage for a 
similar maiden race at Not- 
tingham last month, but after 
looking all over the winner 
approaching the final furlong 
was caught m the last stride by 
the 20-1 chance, Miliescens. 
The King's Lake colt should 
have derived much benefit 
from that outing and is now 
napped to go one better at the 
expense of the Dick Hem- 
trained StarmasL who shaped 
with promise behind Luna Bid 
at Salisbury last season. 

It often pays to follow Paul 
Cole's two-year-olds first time 
out and' the in-form 

What com be trainer may take 
the Lady Caroline Stakes with 
his newcomer. Ultra Nova, a 
daughter of Tina's Pet, who 
has been showing good speed 
at home. Mark Lasher's 

Clare niia stayed on too 

strongly for Marimba at 
Kempton on 2,000 Guineas 
Day. but she has to concede 
81b to her rivals here which 
should tilt the scales in my 
selection’s favour. 

However Usher fares with 
Oarentia. the Lamboum 
trainer ought to land the: 

By Mandarin 

Dusty Miller Handicap with 
Holyport Victory, who. before 
his game third under 10st at 
Redcar on Tuesday, had 
scored in good style at 

It was good to see Bill 
O'Gorman back with a two- 
year-old winner at Lingfield 
on Friday when Bestplan 
obliged, and another of his 
youngsters, Timeswitch, can 
make a successful first appear- 
ance in the EB.F Blue Charm 
Maiden Stakes. 

Luca Cumani looks the 
trainer lo follow at Wolver- 
hampton where the talented 
Italian trainer can complete a 
double with Barley Bill t3.30) 
and While It Lasts (4.0). 

Barley Bill has won all his 
three starts this season, and 
last time out comfortably 
landed an amateur riders' 
event at Haydock. He still 
looks one step ahead of the 
handicapper and is worth 
following. His stable compan- 
ion. While It Lasts, despite a 
tardy start, managed third 
place behind Donnas Dream 
at Warwick and has plenty of 
scope for improvement. 

Cum ami could also be on 
the mark in the first division 
of the Pontefract Maiden Mile 
championship with Dallas, a 
grey son of Blushing Groom, 
who is expected to improve on 
his effort in Newmarket's 
Wood Ditton Stakes, where he 
was 12th of the 2d runners 
behind the impressive 


Going? soft . . • • 

-Draw. SI-61, low numbers best 

2.15 OSSETT SELLING STAKES (Div I: £872: 1m 2f) 
(12 runners) - 

2 B-25 SWIFT FBVER W88 1 Be*4-98 

| A Pons 4-3-1 . 

| FI Mutant' 

S WctaWf * 
cantor 2 

6 200- MU. TERN. 

10 (M0 WHAT X UME MrsQfewtW *»1 - Ol mftWOT j 

12 0-4)0 CAtwerre tfCamacto4&l2 VfiESmi 

11 aw- CARLOFS J Kchlewflll 4-612-_ R vwanios 

U tt-o HI OODLE « MJtoOWOn 4*12 S 

15 MO JALOMESWtes** 

1 3 Haydock manor I 

\ May 3. it) rant Wvbsrje 
■ ioteSft. bterAocttwr 51/2/ 

16 (MU KABCBUNA G Moore Wt. 

S Whitworth 1 

1 5S a 

11-4 I4B Tflrtl. 3-1 SW* River, 5-1 Whai A Una, 7-1 
NawsvsTi cSUtfc, i6i Hi Dxm 12-1 omere. . 


2 1 -OB BOMWa J-faflMlB Fmm 7 


» DChjgnaljMfc ONWwosifl 

* - .JX&X. . -X" ! :Y* . . . . 

Mashkonr (Steve Cantheo) holds the challenge of the fovoerite Bakharoff (Greville 
Starkey) in Saturday's Highland Spring Derby Trial at Lingfield Park 

Pontefract selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Swift River. ■ 2.45 JonieaL 3.15 First. 
Alarm. 3.43 Emergency number. 4.15 Pelham 
Une. 4.43 Dallas. 5.15 Asian Cup. 3.43 Loch 
Form. J - 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.43 JcnileaL 3. ] 5 EJ-Har-Le-Har. J.45 XhaL 4. 1 3 
Pelham Line. 4.43 Dallas. 5:15 Poussez. 5.45 S 

By Michael Seely 

3.45 Emergency Plumber. 5.45 LOCH FORM 

a 2 O 0 - wore * 

4 3230 CHOSIUi 

5 KM TEWf 

6 -oce 

3 »■ W^WUroegTSAOSA^GMowS^e DCaaerm'i 

9000 / tswGawrsrmsRciwapoi 
13 m 

16 042 BEAKER (USA) M Naugtton 07-11 __JLo-tS 


20 008 KCHEE MY BELLE P. Ncbob 4-7-9 APfoodl] 

3-1 Christa. 7-2 Ten S-T Beater. 0-t PMham Line. hm 

Romans. 12-1 Mpettum. 14-T otters. 

stan wtwpNEwwwKEr — “ 

12th. snUBEMBt (7-ffl 13th. 
a m eaw wtey ffm. C1369. 

Bsuerter ©a. E138& good lo eoft, 
STO, tastoMOn Oniparara: West, 
da Bor m mdn (2m. mi 2. an 


Harwood takes gamble on 
Dancing Brave’s stamina 

JL45 SfiAITH STAKES (2-y-o: £2^21: 5f) (10) 

3 41 JONLEAT (0} L Pogod 9-3 T Urns* 7 

S 2013 ROWSONG (D) L Embrown 9-3 — 5 

10 B6WETTH0RPE MW Eastetw S-11 K Hutto*** 

If 4 BUDOT WCH W O’Gom wp 8-1 f Ttvalfl 

COMMONSDR G^SY O Breman 8-11 H Brennan (7) S 

Leaders on Flat 








P Cote 





H Cedi 





+ 088 

M H Easterby 












R Hannon 






M Bmtaai 









at ■ 



PM Eddery 












P Cook 






T Ives 






R Cochrane 





- 9.68 

G Starkey 






Blinkered first time 

WOLVERHAMPTON; 2.30 Lataral. PBgnm 
Prince; 3.0 Broon's Answer 5-0 Ins t u m on. 
PONTEFRACT: 2.15 Mil Tern. Hi Diddle; 
3.15 Deoanfere. Verbathno: 0.15 Chrmto. 
WINDSOR: 620 Asocot. Pnkarthly. Under 
The Stars, SUntar; 8.10 Ljaam; 6.40 Irish 

Course specialists 


TRADERS; O Harwood. 7 wen (ram 18 
runners. 3&9V M McCormack. B from 32. 
25.01b; R sneaflwr. 5 from 24. 20.8%. 
JOCKEYS:TI«s.13«tas from 99, 13.1%: 
M Birch, 18 from 177, 10.2%; 

J Lowe. 18 from 188. 8.8%. 


TRAINERS: G Lewis. 8 from 21. 38.1%: 

N Vigors, 10 from 45. 222%; J Dtodop. 9 
from 42. 21.4%. 

JOCKEYS: W Corson 17 from 85. 20.0%; 
P Cook. 18 from 95. 18.9%: T Qunn. 10 
from 567. 17.5%. 


TRAINERS: H Cecil. 14 from 39. 385%: W 
O Gorman. 15 from 55. 27 .3%; J Tree. 10 
from 49. 20.4%; 

JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery. 45 from 232. 
19.4%; w R Swintxrm. 11 wins from 65. 
163%; T hies. 18 from 115, 15 8%. 


TRAWERS: G Richards. 19 from 81. 
235%: Denys Smith. 8 from 49.162%; W 
A Stephenson. 31 from 191. 162%. 
JOCKEYS: G Bradley. 11 from 32. 34.4%; 
N Doughty. 12 wins from 5f, 235%: K 
Jones, 14 from 63. 222%. 

Dancing Brave is the new 
favourite for the Derby at odds 
as low as 2-1. Guy Harwood's - 
exciting decision to send 
Khakd Abdulla's brilliant 
2,000 Guineas winner to Ep- 
som for the Ever Ready- 
sponsored classic was taken 
alter the new favourite's stable 
companion, Bakharoff, had 
finished second to Mashkonr 
in the Highland Spring 
Lingfield Derby Trial on 

“Of course we don't know 
whether Dancing Brave will 
stay," the Pul borough trainer 
yesterday. "Only the race will 
tell os that But be has a very 
relaxed temperament and in 
any case there will be nothing 
to prove by going for tbe Irish 
2,000 Gmueb." 

Dancing Brave's three- 
length defeat of Green Desert 
at Newmarket has already 
shown the cob to be one of tbe 
outstanding winners of tbe 
first of roe colts' classics 
during the past 20 years. And 
Harwood is taking tbe gamble 
that the speed and class 
transmitted by the prepotent 
Northern Dancer blood 
through Lyphard wilt compen- 
sate for any stamina weak- 
nesses on tbe dam's side. 

History says that Dancing 
Brave has a great deal going 
for him. Since Nijinsky's vic- 
tory in 1970, The Minstrel, 
Golden Fleece and Secreto 
have been other Derby win- 
ners sired by either Northern 
Dancer or one of his sons. El 
Gran Senor, so narrowly de- 
feated by Secreto in 1984, then 

By Michael Seely 
went on to capture tbe Irish 
Sweeps Derby. The most nota- 
ble failure bred on these lines 
has been the 1983 2,000 
Guineas winner, Lomond, wbo 
finished down tbe field behind 
Teenoso at Epsom. 

Ladbrokes’ offer of 2-1 is 
definitely not an attractive 
price. However, HlDs still go 
7-2, having bid him at 5-1 
over the weekend, and this 
price should be taken. 

Halfway op the straight at 
Lingfield on Saturday it ap- 
peared that Bakharoff, was 
poised to produce tbe finishing 
speed and stamina that had 
won him last year's 
CheshamS takes and w illiam 
HOI Futurity at Doncaster. 
But in tbe last forking the 
favourite could find no more as 
Mashkonr bang bravely onto 
his lead to win by half a length. 
Harwood said that Bakharoff 
may still accompany Dancing 
Brave to Epsom. "The other 
alternative would be to go to 
Chantilly for the French 
Derby," be said. 

No definite Derby decision 
has been taken on Armada, 
although the colt definitely 
misses this week's Mecca- 
Dante Stakes at York. A 
decision on another Harwood. 
Ep£om possible, Allez Milord,- 
will be taken after be has run 
in Goodwood's Predominate 

The afternoon belonged to 
Henry Cecil and Steve 
Cantheo. Half an hour earlier 
tbe pair had initiated a treble 
when Mill On The Floss 
stayed on too strongly for 







COUNT TREVC30 R Sheathar 8-1 1 . 

H&jrove J Effumigtoa B-ti — ; Mvrooai 

STAR PLAT K Stone S-11 CD*w2 


Laughter and Singletta in the 
Marley Roof Tile Oaks TriaL 
This was a game performance 
by the winner, but improve- 
ment can be expected from 
both the runner-op and third, 
who were both haring their 
first races of the season. 

Ladbrokes are prepared to 
offer 5-1 against Cfccfi winning 
the Derby with any horse. 
Discussing the situation, be 
said yesterday: “Mashkonr 
and Faraway Dancer are both 
possibles, as is Bonhomie, who 
was not himself when beaten 
by Shahrastani at Sandown. 
And of course I want to see 
how AH Haste gets on in the 
Mecca-Dante Stokes at York 
on Wednesday." 

iHteestmgly, Cedi is still 
foil of hope for Verd-Antiqne 
despite the Shirley Heights 
colt's defeat by Nisnas at 
lin gfidd on Friday. “I still 
think be could torn out to be 
my best three-year-old," the 
trainer continued. “He 
couldn't act on the track at alL 
but despite foiling down the 
hill he and the winner stiD 
managed to quicken 15 lengths 
clear of die rest However, 
Verd- Antique is too inexperi- 
enced and we might deride to 
follow the Irish Derby and St 
Leger path with him." 

MQl On Tbe Floss's victory 
paid a handsome compliment 
to her Newmarket conqueror, 
Gesedeh, and Michael 
Jarvis's filly is second 
favourite for the Oaks, for 
which . Midway Lady,, the. 
1,000 Guineas winner, re- 
mains a fun first choice 


5-4 JonieaL 7-2 Buddy Ren. 5-1 Rowekna 7-1 Cau 
Tevtso, 10-1 Bannetttiorpe, 14-1 Rosie's Image, T6-1 others. 



3.15 OSSETT SELLING STAKES (Div II: £872; 1m 
20 ( 12 ) 

A Freed 3 

12 2nd 40 Peart RenJW) ■ 

good to soft . Apr 38.15 raft* _ . 

1885^ THMO-g woo ttM went by Stan Rttanri (M) (H 756 . 
Iwiec^TERN 0 ^ 

(Second qualified (Dhr 1 3-y-a £2,012: 1m) (13) 

1 0 A8SHEERG Harwood 9-0 Q State* 8 

fr fl BEAUP BytBQ D Haydn Jowa SO -— -?5 

7 flO-O BOTOAieWaWBertteyjMi 7 ~ — 5 

«. MB- mum RU« Den* ante 

43 B DALLAS CimiLCMMw ftO . . a g 

26 -00* MAWDCYNGATE M H EacteiOyS-O Kfkten] 

28 8 MOB. FAMMM1 J Tdter . . : 9 *Z2ZZ \ 

S3 00-4 HR AOVISBtJUSAJF DttrSO. __T— 11 

30 (7 HR PASTRY G^Uqg 9-0. N0H«WMER1fl 

37 DO-O \BAS HfJP iatep9-0- OBWa 8 

38 04 UAYVEWatLflee Ttompcoo S-n RPQte«« 

4! 00- DALU0NA WMwsc»8--11 T -Zf 

53 - VMUS MCaeadn 8-11 ______ NCnmn 

13-8 Wavni, 9-4 Odtas. 7-2 AbNaiar, 8-1 u- Pastry. 12-i Mr 
AdMsa-.-16-f osan. 

ECEM8RE ffMHD E Alston 4-8-1 . 
L-HAft-LE-f&Sf W MuSBOD 4-8-1 _ 



3 00-0 DECESBRE ( 

4 CD- EU 

5 -000 ULTVJB LMO W Wltelon 4-9-1 . 

9 000- fWOHfflmON BOY RWOOCtaUM 4-6-1 SHeMtar(7)» 

18 00-0 VERBADJHG fB){USA) S Nonon 4-8-12 JUmS 

20 0000 TARA DANCER K Sane 3-8-6 ; COW* 

22 00 OJISSY SCOUSED Chapman 36-1 SPCrifflBM© 12 

24 040 CONERSER IB) J Beny 38-1 H Fry H 

25 000 FIRST MAfnMH Rohan 3-8-T l_ — JQ akntSS 

26 GREEN ARCHBt Mrs JRamsden 38-1 MVbwdl 

(Second qnaSfiei) (Div Ik 3 ^ 1 1,998: 1m) (1® 

2 NMMSTQWttM.PiteGOttSO^ ^_Clteter9 


8 00-0 B0UMI 

32 3000 RAPID STAR G Harman 3-7-12 
34 041 TYRANMSE B McMahon 3-7-12 
84 B-Har-H-Har. 3-1 Ctassy Soouse, 5-1 RapU Star. 8-1 
Corwrser. UM Tin Dancer, 12-1 Vtatacfing, 14-1 othem. 

PRoteraan 4 

14 BCa F 11MF F Dug ; « 

19 830- HAHTOULHThCMKon JcncaS-0 BWsG 

» ' LAMPEDOUBA E tacics QJ1 MSteaB? 

33 B SAHRAAN A St-awfUl MsSSy 

00- COVBI 8W M CBnwdm ft-1 1 NCowmsil 

48 POUSSEZ 0 Betsab 8-11. ZHT—n 

49 B SKWX SWEET C Thomton 8-11 JSetsdaH 10 

50- 00- St MUA BI HI J E g ii rin flton 8-11^ H Wood 2 

3.45 HEYGRCWP HANDICAP (£2,737: 60 (12) 

2 220- CABANAX (BJ E Weymes 4-9-9. EGoesf (3]1Q 

4 -402 XHAI M Tompteifi 4$4 RCOCtamS 

6 0-10 SUSBf BttACTfflNBRK Brass* 

2-1 Asian Cul 3-1 PtnSsez. 9-2 Hemtote. 11-£ SWvaai. 
10-1 Bata Unae/tM SouxS*«eL 14-1 otaL 

rpXBF)K Brasses 

8 00-2 GEORGE WRUAM P Bman 5-8-11 PWaMnoS 

12 OOO HjQOffiflAS DAY 1CKD) B Mcttalwn 4-8-7 JHKs(5)3 

13 0340 RIVrasnE WRITER KBndgwater 488 PITArey 7 

14 -424 EISRGENCY RLtoBER ( ~ ~ 

5-8-5 S Webstar 1 
. W Woods (^2 


rum r atnm 3 - 0 - u r 

5 DAY (CKD) B McMahon 48-7 • 

: WH1THI K BndgwaiBr 48-5 

CTPUaffiERpyt Barron 


15 083 TAMFENffiT Craig 58-2 

17 080 HOLT ROW {a UH^Dniiadc 588 — W 
19 0002 SPCHLT FOR CHOTCE (D) O Chapnan 8-7- 

1 348 WSIIjESS RHAPSODY WpffQ K 8B M)i _ ■ 


21 4000 SINGLE HAND ■ 

3 120- BODGEOF 

6 400 ELALAtaEM. 

8 008- JESSE ELLS A 

9 080 THE STRAY . 


88 . 

U 308 WA7BOLATH E IMmt 7-18 

is m -2 PorraxBfw»«a 7 - 8 __ 

m B McMatan 84, A RopvC 
iG RewHy 8-i_ G Cngge (q 7 

58 Xteri. 3-1 Gold Duchess. 4-1 Sudden knpsct. 8-1 
George WMarn, 8-1 Spoilt For Choice, 12-1 others. 

__ PBate (4) B 
2-1 Resdees Rhapndr, 3-1 Loch Ponn. 4-1 PaUkr. 6-1 
Bndge Ot Gold. 8-1 Wates&to. i2-T others. 


to Gesedeh 
rani, owns 



to soft 
high numbers best 

■■MIPPm o* 1210 Rami 
tawst Brat Ome art (9-fl) 131 8m af 8 to Lcnotmuot 

Kemp ton a!iS 
show tm» season, m 

a £822: 50 (15 runner^ ‘ 

Un gfa w o {U md nVA^ ^ 10*13 ml 

643, soft. Ater^l ^H^R A^I^ r 

Tennnator ( 8 - 11 } at 















r 8 - 11 . 

3 CHEVSKADUorteyt 


0 (7CONNBX STREET M Tompkins 88- 


GDoUMf 13 

04 TEZ SHKARf L CWraR 8-7. 

200 LATBUL(B)JB«ny66 

MY-ELANEK Bnwey85 

0 PBXSRM PRINCE (B)M Usher 88. 

22 SMGMG STEVEN R Hannon 8-6 


4 TAKEAHNTU Fmhereiap-GodfBy 8-5. 
fl CREAM AM) GRE0I K Wale 8-<' 

_ WCnal 
. JReldt 

— BRoom 10 




a£3J»9:lrn.19(7) r . • . 

7 ALICE PARRY J Dmutas-Hoim 8-11. 

10 0 BET OUVQ1 □ Etorerth 8-tt_ 

n O- cuusra PET W Moms 6-11. 

12 238 0ASA0timiTC«wy8-1t _ 

ARL J Old 8-fl 

HAALWSA1 JtXmiap 841. 

26 3 WHUfTtASTO(U8A)LCunHII?11_ PaMEdday3 

22 44- PRWCE38NAWAAL4 

D Kvit (7)1 


.4 HUGO Z HACKBKHISH CTmldM- 6-4 G Carter (3)4 

CROnBrsCUNE CapJ VHsm 83 PM3 

32 AFRABEUMtadtan84 : ;k Dariey 15 

fl KALA*S WAGEG Mooro 7-13— AMackay7 

Bering to miss Derby 

From Our French Racing Correspondent, Paris 
Bering won the PrixHocquart caught dose home by 
by a comfortable two lengths. 


which should have been dou- 
bled or trebled at Longchamp 
yesterday. He was clear entering 
the final furlong, but Gary 
Moore then looked round 
continuously for non existent 
dangers, a policy which did not 
delight the colt's connections. 

He won by two lengths from 
Toint (TArtois. whom be had 
beaten by eight lengths in the 
Prix Noailles last month and is 
now “70 per cent likely" to go 
for the Prix du Jockey-Club 
(French Derby) in the opinion 
of Alec Head, the trainer, whose 
wife owns the son of Arctic 
Tern. Bering will be sent over to 
Epsom only if the Derby field 
looks like being a weak one. 

Storm Warning, the only 
British runner of the day, was 


Tycoon and Batave after being' 
well clear for most of the Prix de 
Saint-Geoiges. Batave was first 
to go by, but this filly, who was 
with Henry Cecil last year, was 
caught by Last Tycoon in the 
final strides. 

Italian triumph 

The John 
Tommy Way. 

Toca Madera boosts Guineas form 

From Oar Irish Raring Correspondent, Dublin 

as a winning two-year-old 
£30.000, whereas Wise G 

_ 5-2 Staging Steven, 4-1 Afreboia. 11-2 Sno Surprise. 8-f 
Cnersfce, tO -1 My-Bane. 12-1 Tax Shiran. U -1 oT 

I othw*. 

who had been 

bought by the Scudera Era see a 
w hours earlier, won the Derby 

few I 

Italiano by a neck from the fast 
finishing Be My Master at the 
Capannelle, Rome, yesterday. It 
was a second success in the race 
for Willie Carson. Shibil fin- 
ished I Vi lengths back in third; 
North Verdict was fifth and the 
fourth British challenger. Local 
Herbert, was eighth of the IS 

The meric of Dancing Brave's 
2,000 Guineas victory at New- 
market were handsomely ad- 
vertised by Toca Madera in the 
Deninstown Stud Derby Trial 
over 10 furlongs at 
Leopardstowu on Saturday. At 
Newmarket, Toca Madera was 
beaten almost 10 lengths into 
ninth place, although Liam 
Browne, his trainer, was ada- 
mant that be got no ran at all 
through the race. 

Stephen Craine, the Isle of 
Man born jockey, wbo had 
ridden Toca Madera in all his 
previous races, was now - re- 
placed by Christy Roche at tbe 
insistence of John Mulbem, 
who now owns the oolt in 
partnership with Miss Deborah 
ThreadweJL Roche, in his 
endeavoms to keep Toca Ma- 
dera covered np for as long as 

possible, also got into difficulties 
and eventually had to pull him 
up and move out from the rail to 
the centre of the track. 

While Roche was executing 
this maaconvre, Pat Eddery 
who, contrary lo instructions, 
bad elected to set the pace on the 
odds-on favourite. Wise Coun- 
sellor, had established a lead of 
a couple of lengths hot Toca 
Madera qui cken ed and, getting 
on terms inside the final forking, 
looked likely to go dear. Ten 
furlongs is however the limit of 
his stamina even in a slow run 
race and Wise Connsdlor was 
coming back at him dose to the 
line to be beaten a head. 

This victory in a group two 
pattern race was a triampti for 
small money over large invest- 
ment Toca Madera had been 
soW as a yearling far £500 and 

sellor had fetched SL3n at 

After the race Vincent 
O'Brien raled Wise ConeseDor 
out as an Epsom Derby possible, 
saying that after this hard race 
be would prefer to rest turn util 
the second half of the season. 
O'Brien fo still hopeful that 
Imperial Falcon will be well 
enough to ran in the Irish 2000 
Guineas on Saturday, but said: 
“This is very ranch a day-to-day 

Wise CoaoseDor's 
Stavros Niarcbos, had started 
die afternoon by winning a 
maiden race with tbe beanti- 
folly-bted fiBy Fleur and Boy- 
ale. She is a daughter of Mill 
Reef and the French Oaks 
winner. Sweet Mimosa. 

Wolverhampton selections 

• • - • - : 'By Mandarin - - V 

2-30 Singing Steven. 3.0 Flying Silentfy.3.30 
riey BilL 4.0 While It Lasts. 430 Arctic Ken. 
5.0 Miss Blackthorn. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent . 

2.30 Sno Surprise. 330 Barky BilL 4.0 While It 
Lasts. 4.30 Eucharis. 5.0 Stan wood Boy. 

Michael Seely's seiection:3.30 Barley . BUL 

84 WhBa R Lots. 88 Prtnoesa Nawaat, 4-1 Dam Queen. 
■64 Afioo Parry, TO-I Bet Ottver, 18-1 others. 

■ ■ • • ■ -• ::T— « • • 

430 ATHERSTONE HANDICAP (£2358: 7f) (17) 

5 688 CUDDL Y JBoder 48V 1 I Jota»en2 

: 7 «hj RarawRANcr»REPtecocksafi_: —fl 

• BALY WHfretHOeS L GotWl 4-94 MHKa3 

12 JOD- MR PANACHE MCfafnan-M73 —5 

13 to8 GODLOTO (W T Tajtor 88-1 UDeOeUII 

16 880 -BUCKS BOUjDlJ Beny48-13 —4 

IT 440- CSfTRALSPMES«srYCte»» 38-13_ M WWmb 9 


20 0H0- OMDYS OOU} 

24 068 EUCHAR& A HSda 4-8-fl' 

25 On UTTLE DSWLE BFteecs 4-8-7. 

0 « ' 


HADOON LAD M McCowt 388. 

28 068 SAWTHXA PAL (USA) L Cortrai 58-6 
win 4-86 — 

M WtahanS 
■10 K Defter 17 



29 B48 HgTA SPOO F J— — 

30 jO-fl' VBfT imE TO REFO RM A RQiOB 
33 068 ATHLETE? 

36 060 BMNKSOMEMmi 

. P Cook 76 
NHom 10 

3 82 M Roberta 13 

b *%mi 


3.0 TAMWORTH SELLING STAKES (2-y-o: £758: 

3-1 Arctic Ken, 4-1 fflfc Wt uteabuea . 5-1 Mete Spoof, 7-1 
Cudtfy. 8-1 Godtard, 






GREAT STANDS BY C Wsntai (Her 8-11 
PfALWa B Preace 8-11. 

. — 4 


to BWGO QUEEN JBarry 88 StenonJuneel 

0 BROOKHEAD GflU. Gut J Wteon 88— . PBel Eddery 2 

to BROCTTOANSWroMK Stone 88 G Brawn (^3 

n FLY1MQ S&EHILY D raydn JoneeM J Reid 6 

FORM: i REMEMBRANCE, betitad Ms season, tea mx made the 

tarn ta 9 outtags sene scoring a Ayr victory (8-1) over High 
Po rt (8-1) (71, E1786. good to soft Jut 19. 10 rani BSXY 
WHTTQHKS (78) 11^ LtaoSeM scorer from Granny's Bank 

to GLOHY OOLDMBottMn 88 

H nfOCXSHARflY fl Hcteinhead 
flto MARK OF GOLD G Moan 881 

£1602, firm. May 5, 19 mn). A. 

gMPV’SGOLD. 12th fine) Man, earfler (7-1^ 1 

AMactey 7 

sadr.tti fJS-LJtL»5Jatas; 

84 HMng Stente. 3-1 Btago.Queen, 5-1 Broon’s Answer, 
8-1 Glory Gold, 10-1 Knocksftarry, 12-1 < “ 


3/41 8th 

330 MIDLAND SPRING HANDICAP (3-y-o: £2,747: 

. ran beat race af1986 wnenl 
hero (1m, £1940. flr in. Sap ifl . 17 

3 411 BARLEY BIX (COL Cumani 9-12, 

6 0320 SUPREME KIHGOOM R Hofilnshead 


16 03(2- WYE OFF D Efcworth 588. 

17 400 PBUHCOURT A HQ 4-88. 

■ a 

'Going: good to Ann 
Draw: high numbers best over 5-61 

16 4000 DUELLMG (USARB) P MftMU 5-7-13 
19 000- BAY POND Oaacsy 4-7-13 

21 060 KNBOY B Stevens 4-7-12 

22 /4-0 OLD HALTON J ToBer 4-7-11 Dtae Gteon 

23 6000 DfCXKMGHTABoleyS-78 

6-20 TORR1SH SELLING HANDICAP (£934: 1m 2f 
22 yd) (21 runners) 

25 0-30 LADY LIZA {QBSterans 5-78. 

C Rutter (5) 9 
|T Wate M 13 1 



■ G Cater piS | 

3-1 Holyport Victory. 4-1 
11-2 Kuwait Moon, 7-1 Otahart, 

1 03-1 FUUUNQ PEARL ffi)B Stevens 5-9- 10 ... R Cater (5) 3 

2 106- MANHATTAN BOY -IFfitth-Heyes 

Barron, 12-1 othare. 

. 9-2 Moon Jester, 
Fogar. 10-1 Danang 

4-9-8 DeoWcGflaon 15 
3 0000 ASTICOTJB) JR Jenkins 4-94 WRSrntaomS 

5 060 EASTTO RAMBLER (C-D)P Butter 4-94 — 5 

6 143 SNAKE RIVER DMcndscn 444 PStEddavll 

7 -224 MEZIAHA (0) A Ingham 5-94 CRuttetRII 

8 008 PITKAITHLY (B) J Jenkms 4-9-4 B Reuse 20 

8 060 UNDER THE STARS (BMBF) RAketwrst 4-9-4 —2 


£1,678: 5f)(12) 

STAKES (2-Y-O ffllies: 


12 000 SCHOLARJUSAVB) J CoeWBve 58-2 — J S«a8y ( . 

13 062 HI7 THE HEKJHTSM RfH58-2 SCawtMVi 17 

IS 168 MUSICAL WtLL T Fantvra 88-1 CC0MH(97 

032/ PURPLE FJoman 54-11 A' Ctak 'll 

19 VRMOUID B Praeea 5-8-1 1 — 12 

16 006 MAORI WARRIOR MZHB) A Bamw 48-13 GKtag( 

17 006 VICEROY BOY D Wnte 4-8-13 R Byrne 

18 032/ PURPLE FJOTOan 54-11 ACte 

2D 180 DBHHELD BEACH Mrs B Waring *8-10. JWInel 

22 604 STONEBROKBirBFJDH Jones 444 Thaa14 

23 Q/04 RECOHD RED JSpBonng 5-84 W Carson 18 

24 Q/00 CRAVEN BOY GPnraS84 MReanertO 

27 068 TOMORROWS WORLD C WMrnan 54-2~ T MffiGaea 6 

61 Fiammg Peart. 11-2 Hd The Hatohts, 61 PttfcaftMy. M 
Snake River, 61 Under The Sore. 161 Meziara. Musical Wffl, 
18-1 stonebroker, Easter Ratitoier. 14-1 Record Wing, 161 









21 CUUtecnA(D)M Usher 82. 
0 BASTBJJA D ArtHdhnoi 84- 

M Wigtown 2 


QO MY PET Mrs J Rflavey 84- 

. W R Satabum 7 
H Adana 4 

PASHMMA CD} T Fasnuret84 
I pnamm gold^HI^B 

.. K C-8nmn 84 
PRINCESS MBWCO fl Boss 88 - 


sp^m>s itfeLOCTOi Qj” hton 


5-2 Ctarama. 100-30 Go My Pet 62 Scwrpan. 13-2 
Prensum GoW. 61 Pashmina. 161 Ultra Nova. 12-1 Demng 
Dee. 14-1 others. 

Windsor selections 

By Mandarin 

6.20 Hit The Heights. 6.45 Timeswitch. 7.10 
Holyport Victory. 7.40 Ultra Nova. 8.10 Out of 
Harmony. 8.40 ENBARR (nap). 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
6.45 Time Switch. 7.10 Dick Knight. 
Princess Michico. 8.10 Ljaam. 8.40 Enbarr. 

8.10 JOCK SCOTT HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £2£00: 6f) 
( 12 ) 

1 464 UAAM(»(tnH Thomson Jones 67 AMwisyS 

3 682 STRIVE (TOM BiansharaST 


94 S Canteen 4 

321- FULL OF UFE ffl) M Pipe 
600 TOUCH OF SET (D) D Thom 61.-— W R 5embam 3 


ti 063 TAMALPAIS M Colinatoqe 69 MRtaawrfl 

12 168 CWT OF HARMONY JMCHargan 88 P Cook 9 

14 044- IUTTBI C N VW ams 84 GSmMT 


Feohursl613 — CCotea® 12 
K Rsdcfltfe (7) 1 

18 460 NO STOPPWGR Hannon 61. 

18 006 FUXEtt Vigors 88. 

. AHeOenelO 

S Dawson 11 
'. 4-1 Strive, 61 


11-4 No Beating Harts, 7-2 Out of Harmony. 4-1 Strive, 61 
Ljaam. 61 Fufl of Ue, 161 Tamrfpais, 12-1 Ugh* Hits. 161 








BATT1EAXE J Tatar 98 


GEMMI FIRE P Fekmte 6a 



A cure 8 

ITS VAHA0AN B Gufaby _ 
KSl BOGS P Mitehefl 98 


■ SCeMheml 

MO MAR LODGE STAKES (3-Y-O C & G: £1,054: 
1m 2f 22yd) (25) 



LAZW C Banstead 98 BRousell 

STARS IN M0H0W D Wwtanat 98 . WRSuMuull 
ft Q'S°m^98 -l-.TTtea io 


L ^ m ' Santa 

161 Keen Edge- 12-1 Stars In Motion. 14-1 others. 

M*»«DUNAR Hannan 8 -fl_. P«Etetey7 

LYNDA BROAD PBurgoyne 611 RWteahanr 

laV^T M,L1ER HAND,CAP (22^93: 1m 3f 


ARROW OF UfflfT flJSAI O Douab 98 R MBs 25 

ASWNGTW GROVE □ M-Surth 98 Pai Eddery 5 

6 BULLY BOY DHartev 60 

CELTIC SWORD G itteter 98— 
000- CHmWULTMeSXt«ory98 — 
62 ENBARR fUSAX&F} H Ck 8 98.- 
fWAL ALMA t. Cumani 98 — ~ 


___ JWBanafi 
V Woods (5) IB 
_ S Carihen 12 
PHamMea 16 

00 IRISH D05M 
NATIVE nuts H 

14148 OYABAiC P Cole 4-9-10_- _ 


23 008 NOBLE VKMGS Meter 60____ GCfariei Jones 19 

24 RED RIVER BOY R Hooges 98 H Hove 9 

25 006 ROtDESOLaLMBte3Sd60 RCocfnmO 

28 60 ROTCPCOH98 .TOOiasil 

28 06 StlCACHWVtO Bswvw6Q 4 

..0 Cater (3)23 


io 0*8 Dakqng barron (^*MQ tanJiare 

11 S2»- P®ISAN KNtOHT w terason 48-VLil! Jp**^**® 

8 ^ 

I MocKh 12 


29 008 SILENT RUNNING P Htchel 69. 

32 o SOHO SAM w Masai 60 MWteteailS 

34 043- SON OF SPAIKLER D BSMrth 60 AMqSdm22 

38 6 9TARMAST w Hern 98 W C»wn 14 

36 08 SUPER SMART M Ffithersteri-GotSey 9-0 T Ives 24 

37 680 T0H RUM H Cartay 98 R CaW 2 


D McKay 10 
— Thre.7 

5-4 Enbarr. 

_ . 10086 Astangton 

StarmasL 161 Arrow of Light, 14-1 atons. 

(USA) M Maogwcfc 

Grove, 61 iabeflo, 61 

Saturday’s results 

11 406 SECUJSWE 




12 MB AHHA881MA GVWaflg 61 . 

Lingfield Park 

IIJKn, Irish I 

Cookie (161): 2, Brawn 
Bear Boy p3-2fc 3. Comchann O-lfc 4, 
Exert (161). Al Ameafl T1-2 lav. to ran. 

12.30 1, M0 On The Floes (5-2); 2, 
Lauynw ( 61 ): a Sm^ena (168 lev). 8 

1-0 1. DntlnrlfJ): Z Bttetarofl (11- 

10 favt 1 Tisn't (13-2). 6 raa. 

1-30 1. Nasals (1611 fata; & Gay 
CSRata ff-1); 3. Kaytu (161). / ran. 

M 1. Oneaal (61): Z Wgfwst Peak (62 
tata; 3. Swiss Nephew (161). 1 1 ran. 

Z30 1. Stsy Low (64 2. Wise 

Times (161): 3, Sesnteon p-1). LigWreng 

Over \ 

11 ran. 

Grotaasomi flto-IJ, % Negesco (161). 9 

2J0 1. Direct Line (61): Z Bold Dealer I 
3, Lochrun (4-1L Ceptan Dawn. 

. NR: Patatouto. 

15 -183 BNRY 8 N Vigors 610 

GDuffieM t2 
.4 Rad 2 

&0 RUGELEY HANDICAP (£2.133: 1m 6f 110yd) 





22 408 RAFFIA RIM J DubSmj 61 

3 082 STANFORD VAL£ C Neteon 7- 

Jstv Aik* 61 jf-favs. NR: Pate 
38 1. Cfnddwck (161): Z 
m «-l): 3. TaWOT® Lord (7-' 
11-4 fav. 14 ran. 


26 008 MONSmOSAJ 
29 008 RUPERT 



(7-1V Yahoo 

3J30 1. 

Time (61); 3. 
f Bear 61 ) 

(61 Jt-fav); : 
arts Choice (50-1). I 

nek (7-2 fata: 2. 
Arrow Express (61); 3, Bowl Over ($-1). 


11-45 t, K hawu (5-2 lav); 2. Chayote 
(14-1); 3. Air Of Spring (7-a. 18 ran. 

12.15 1. (5-2 tavl: Z Gflctaa 

Mpu (9-2): 3. Supercoombe m-U. 17 ran. 

12j« 5 1. Kami In Spttaat161): Z lucky 
Huntoug (5-1); 3. Fast Anrt FrierxSy (64 

Z Whtsfcw 
(50-1)- Dick 

I jMav. 20 raa 
40 1. Kunon SatsMne ( 11 -a 2, 
Gainsay (66 fav); 3, Cnoe Na Cu 8 e ( 11 -2). 
6 ran. 

430 1 . Royal Shoe (61): Z Rta^nora 
(162): 3. Hounstout K0-1). Rocaoay Blue 
64 tev. 19 ran. MR: Coral Hartwur. 

fLOl, BasAFa*x(f1-2);2.Tunieton(11- , 
4); 3. Emperor Napoleon (361). 
Jmmypidi 5-4 lav. 15 ran. NR: Sbnartc. 

Sto 1 , Flytag Oaoeer (9^ £ Lyoenmre 
(6 1 ); 3. The Cheery Man (11-8 lav). 25 ran. , 


40 1, MawM (64 fare 2, Wise Major (6 I 

“ ' ~ i Amdcrr- 2 ). io raa 

— W Cason 11 

PUB (7| S 

» 008 RUPERT BROOKS J Spebrinn 7-7 ACMtewlHfl 

30 208 SPMNAKER LADY Mwtaer7-7_ JCMer( 7)9 

61 Bi 
Vale. 161 

4 380 AVramiTO^FJcroaM^fl. 

s un «HTurnoN._, 

6 016 JOIST M Prescott 488 

EM. 61 Prottftted, 4-1 Bnrys. 61 Stanftxd 
l Him. Supreme Kingdom. 14;i others. 

. Jj teWr(7) 1 

7 too- PHtFECT APmOM»'(USA) I SSSgWul! — J 

8 008 WAfO BUMG WALTHt B Moraan4#4 C Aha (7) 11 

12 AMIGO E5TMA00 K ftwSiai CI B£Le 


» MOROCCO BOUND HBeastay 7-78 — £ 

t Approacn, 12-1 ottiere. 


1): 3. 


favjL 11 raa MR: Forever Young. 

1.15 1.. Trick Or Tees! (9-1): 2. Pefinko 

Cmbnan Dancer (61). 12raa 


Lb Boeaf 

"i-S&k gmmm 


SffSt ***^* 1 

7J0 1, DavWaira 


.. . French- 
Star (7-4 )t- 

Going: good (back straight, good to soft) 


HURDLE (£548: 2m) (14 runners) 

2 4Dt5 ARKMONAflU A Scott 6118 ; DOeodM (7) 



a as ssamtuBROt- 

^168 Ptteroso Wood. 4-1 Btaae A Stand 61 J i twnv 

CWps, 7-1 Heron* ftefiechoa l 6 fotfwT 


(£1.383: 2m 41) (15) 

9«M8> CAFBtSONJH Johnson 611-1. 

10 -810 COKDIWT COURT W A Stephenson 611-1. 

11 OOF- EASBY BUCK W A Stephenson 61-1 , 


. K Jones 


Pawley's Gel 
12 raa 

2-45 1. Short Steens (261); Z Wd 
ragged (9-4 lev); 3, Rapta Action (Y2-1J. 12 

(62); 3. Hm Ol 
Coeur Vaunt 

i Cross 

_ 611-1 Mr M 

18 _ P PROUD FOMPEY Mrs CCtertt 611-1 

19 P 8 * RAMPANT RE Barr 7-1V1 

» -400 THE WLK W A SteDhensan 7-11-1 _ 

28 to WORTHY nOGHTBMCLan 611-1 

. JH Jatmson7-ll-7 — 

G W R ichardB 6108 PTodi 

WJO p-NaV 1610-7 — 

610-6D Co0tisfl(7) 

HI _ 
C Grant 

^ 6 i 6 » 

(7-4 tev): 2. Stan's 
i Fotty (162). 8 


2.15 1. 

RsJran (61); 3. To 

L45 1, AHtadi (611 tev): Z Tbo 
Doffltateao (&4k 3, Absolution (162). G 
ran. NR: Awn'S Bay. 

3.15 i, Cfwka 161): Z Watortow Path 
(2-1 fav): 3. Shiny Copper (61). 12 raa 
NR: FaedOG. 

445 1. Fair Afisots (4-1)- 2. ZtadeSno 
(112); 3, Secret Wedding (Evens fav). 7 

§ <3 iSH&SE^tS awe 

35 P ONUGO Ms JWW 61610 _T-- 

36 PAUPER MOON WGAmf 61 610 HTTY Reed 

-to-point winners 



Jassim. i 
me Mile. Open: I 
Matt Ftatth. PPOX I 
Liraon Oaa Mdn It Parrac. 
dMiUriar.PPOA: A Certain Lusty. Open: I 
Brig O^ M go wn ra. Mite: Lady Law. Hart ; 


a “- 

9 0063 

11 0039 

12 3104 Hi 


I Sr r “ 

Chartem 7 - 10-0 

traon 6-108 terM 
F S Storey 6108. 


r 7-108. JMeoeey 

22 6901 TAXOOaM 01) MT Boater 6160- 

C Grata 

Hexham selections 

. By Mandarin 

6.0 Bnmnm. &30 Do Or Die. 78 Primrose Wood. 7 .30 Katie 
Mac. aQOonroche Stream. 430 Doughty flebeL 

t— 4-1 Secret Walk, 62 Guta of P"** 11-2 
TawAm. 61 Secret Finale. 12-l ottwa. 

44 DALTON NOVICE CHASE (£1.044: 3m) (13) 

! S3SSjS™!r^!y »■“« 

3 62t2 


415 1. Just Qwta (i 6 lfc 2 , EwelbellB S3ec n Sm%lS 0A ‘ Bp ’ T ° n * 

(7-1 h 3, Better Beware (6it 18 raa Oauahtar 

4L45 l.FdmtelnBaVs(7-1):Z Muhterts jESrari 
(4-1): 3, Gypsy’s Prtiftiecy (1063010V). 14 MOOBUR 


Lad. ; 

fowj. 1 


2J01, Latel 


I Etta (261b 2, 


12 raa 

3-1 fav. 13 ran. 

' 101. water EMM OM (7-2 1 
Wren (261L 3. Haddak (16-1). 

330 1. Katya MM (168 tev): 2. Broad 
Beam (7-1); 3. Fuse Hdte (14-1). 13 ran. 
NR: Bowdea WQodtend Generator. 
Annas Msa. 

aJ) 1 . Hinrakitte (20-1): 2. Prince's Drive 
( 61 ). 3. Princess Hecate (14-1). Wye Lea 
9-2 fav. 17 raa 

430 1 . Pride O’Fite (9-4 ttvt Z 
Lonesome Para (36 it 3. Kentnon (7-1). 
12 raa 

40 1 , Fraamessn (2-l)c 2. AnBffl* (118 
tsv): 3. StaaS (7-1) 15 raa NR: Ctennanr 
Lane. Space Kata. 

5 J 0 1 . Marsh King (162): 2. Royal 
Cedar nl-2): 3. Average (161). Yes 
Master 62 tev. 14 ran. NR: IMe Mmd. 

" ~ ' “ m Des 


Open Rjuborough 
AHrad Tower. 

MOOOURY: Ac* Phfl Grey. Open: Dicky 
Blob. Ladies: Trevta«a Rest AHce 
Woodtark. Meta: Rraer Tamar. Hoac 
Spartan Manner. 

SURREY INOte ttenb Rodney Parade. 
Mda Master Gregotech. Opsm Miner 
Bed. Ledtes: Border Drr&stf. Rest Loyal 
Kestrel. *# General Sandy. 

TEDWORTfc Hoop Spartan OrienL Aft 
Matt Murphy. Let te r Ronxrtex- Open: 
G rand Hussar . Rest: Mugs Money. Mda 
Gotoen Roots. 

Brene. Bestt Ha's Magfc. Reel it Marine 
Landing. Latte* Random Leg. Open: 
Tough and Rugged- Mdn: Hatters Cufle. 
Hunt Tug. 

WEST MRRHJC- Hm* The Oopkiw. Aft 
Lord Latoftton. Rmrit Die m the Sky. Rota 
ft Rhone »ver, U«er_ H»gh 

HANDICAP HURDLE (£754: 2m) (17) 

3 0131 DO OR HE (D) 0 OTteH 611-13 _ 

4 mi ffUXSJtmE LAD (60) J H Jotraon7-11-l3 

7 220/ KMflGCBtOT D J Wnne6114j I 

11 Ip MUYARY CKMN (MR Ms J Gloria 611-1 

12 4010 JARALL( D)J8tedig6l613 DCeraM 

U 080 SM0KEY SHADOW Ms G Rneter 61610 P fflvau 

1 $ 0204 BAVAL 6t0f WF) D YBOOian 6161 Q~— P A Feirati 
17 WF ULTRA50NK wBtekett 7-10-6 SHfcMffl 

f ^ W^BOmajlOiertJtiyVvt?^ UTte-tettaW 

l “S SMIUM 0 * 1*1*611* * 

9 33«l nCSTSLB McLean 6118 

c Grant 


a R»- TOcooESCUMtea CCaroeS-itMT 

_ Mr T Heed 
— Cl 

* 11 , 


20 mm 5tRXMTOQUMZEICTuntol«616S JOTGranato 

21 0304 VALDROSO 01) J R KeMNwel 616S STteaorg 

24-3433 ASOOT AGAIN ( 8 ) J P Smith 1619-5 Pferagan 

26 0002 OF THAT IJt Mis J Utar 6105 

27 tan MR SWWfUSAUMnR Gray 11 -165- 
POP- MR SPOtKsVTnonmson 6105.. 

29 008 JUSTY MAaGESA t5t 6108 TWoeBeyl 

31 800 PETE AND DUD VTharepson 7-165 M Mu^^n 

I* rJSW'SSJ 4-1 Mr Spot. 162 

14-1 Pmngta. 20-1 Ane SteeL Wold Song. 361 

61 Do Or ne, 61 Bw*. 61 RwM Sam. 61 Fefcdowe 
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- .013 





Sellberg drives 
home Swedish 
message as he 
scores a first 

By MfteheB Platts 
Owe Sellberg, of Sweden, won 
the Epson Grand Prix match- 
play tournament when be over- 
Howard Clark 3 and 2 in 
the final at St Pierre. Chepstow 
yesterday. Sellbere's victory, 
which was worth £25,000, was 

the first by a Swede on the PGA 
n Tour and it supported 

European _ 

the daim of Tony Jaddro, the 
European Ryder Cup captain, 
that a Swede would be in the 
team against the United States 
next season. 

Clark,. who won the Madrid 
Open two weeks ago, began by 
holing a putt of 28 feet for a 

bmJie-Seliberg, display ing no 

signs of nerves, followed him in 
from 20 feet for a half, then set 
the pattern for the match by 
holing a putt of 10 feel for a 
winning birdie at the second. 
Another birdie at the 1 2th took 
Sellberg two ahead and Clark 
missed chances on the 14th and 
15ih greens before the match 
ended at the next bole. 

Clark, m a fashion similar to 
that of Steve Davis in the recent 
world snooker championship, 
was obliged to overcome a 
succession of formidable oppo- 
nents before moving through to 
the final. 

Even before be faced and 
defeated Sandy Lyle on the last 
green in the semi-final yesterday 
morning the determined 
Yqrkshiieman had been re- 
quired to beat Jose Rivero, of 
Spam, Bernard Gallacber and 
David Feberty. 

Sellberg, too, most have in- 
creased the faith in his own 
game, especially after moving 

Nick Faldo in the first 
round, then in overcoming his 
compatriot, Anders Forsbrand, 
by 3 and 2 in the other semi- 
final, which demonstrated the 
- vast improvement in die Swed- 
ish golfers. 

Lyle began the tournament as 
the favourite. He struggled 
throughout the week on the 
greens, which is understandable, 
as he was seeking to adapt to a 
pace foreign to him after almost, 
four months in the United 
States, where the putting sur- 
faces are appreciably slicker. 

Lyle was one up with five 
holes to play hot Clark struck a 
marvellous three-wood second 
shot to the 14th (521 yards), far 
which his reward was a birdie 
four, and Lyle contrived to miss 
from five met so th?t the 
was all square. 

Lyle might have moved 
again at the next but his attempt 

fora winning birdie from 10 feet 
veered left as he prepared to 
walk forward and pick the ball 
out of the hole. Clark, who had 
chip ped in to beat Lyle at the 
first extra hole in the Glasgow 
Open last August, produced 
another darner thrust here by 
holing a 1 2-root putt fora birdie 
at the 17th which ended the 
resistance of his rival 


when be 


Ovett 5000m win 
at Oxford 
boosts his morale 

By Pal Butcher. Athletics Correspondent 

Victor and vanquished; Sellberg (left) kept his nerve while Clark kept Lis cool 



Lyle at the 19th bole in the 
off for third place, for which 
earned £11,230- . 

ttUAOTBMNMJb H Ofalt M D Feherty, 
1 up; A fyto H P Patti. 2 and 

British lose face to 
a lesser American 

From John Hunneney, Chufilfy 

Kelly Leadbetter put a num- 
ber of faces out of countenance 
here yesterday. It is one thing for 
the members of the Women's 
Professional Golf Assocmion to 
surrender, as they did last year 
in the Heanessy Cognac Cup to 
Jan Stephenson, a leading hghi 
of the American tourhtg cirrus, 
quite another to be unable to 
withstand the lesser attack of 
Mrs Leadbetter. 

This is not io decry the 
American's qualities, although 
her best days, one thought, were 
behind her when she had a baby 
two years ago; but, having 
established a strong position 
overnight, she sraa in bfal home 
in 76, three over par, for a total 
of 293, while the main thrust 
ahead came from those who bad 
too much leeway to make op- 

Karen Luna, of Australia, 
began the day. two strokes 
behind and twice got her nose^in 
front but a seven at foe par-four 
lith, as it turned out, was 
decisive. Three behind with 
three to play, she brought a big 
gallery under a summer sun to a 

tiptoe of excitement with a two 
to Mrs Leadbetter' 1 * four at the 

short 1 6 th and a sturdy par four 
to a bogey five at the next 
But tire American, with a 
courageous tardie pott from 12 
feet at the last, strode the find 
blow fora first prize of £9.000. 

Afison Nicholas all five feet 
of her, hung on nitrify m the 
final match but the summit of 
her performance was 8 foor-iroa 
to IS feet over the valley of the 
13th. The putt stayed out and 
Mrs Leadbe tt er replied to her 
wooden dub shot well wide iff 
the I4tb (J70 yards) with a 
three-iron that curled seduc- 
tively two feet behind the bole. 

A grivnside bunker stole two. 
more shots from tire little York- 
shire woman at the 15th and 
dearly she had shot her bolt. 
Jane Connachan, who scored « 
72, thus came through to take 
third place and a prize of £4,500. 

LEADM9 TOTALS (Briwb unless 
SMB# : * K UNKfeMertUSL 73. 71, 
TkKia*. KUsn itAujLTLTS. 71. 75. 
2Sfc J ConocdM. 7tW,% 72. 39ft K 
Dougria. 75. 77. 72. 72: M Thomson, 78. 
7Vfi. 7*.«t L Haunuftt (9-BV74. 73, 

" Nictates, 75, 75. 71. 77: AM. 
imateurt. 78. 72. 73. 75. 

74, 71; A 


Brown. 73, 75, 76,75; LDs*ie*. 77, 71.7B. 

75. 3Wt 8 New. 78. 77. 71, 74. 301: V 
Marvin. 78. 78. 74. 71. 


Mannheim answers 
several questions 

From Jim Kaflton, Mannheim 
Britain ruled the roost in the the anted pair in which they 

Mannheim International Re- 
gatta over the weekend in which 
eight countries took pail. Para- 
doxically. most of the top West 
Germans, apart from their 
world champion men's coxless 
four, went to Ghent. 

For the British, it was a 
profitable trip. They produced 
worfd-dass performances here 
and answered many questions 
amongst themselves on the 
Muhlauhafcn course which is 
just short of the international 
distance of 2J300 metres. 

The biggest surprise yesterday 
canre m the coxtes fours where 
the Tyrians (London 
University’s Old Boys) beat the 
West German world champions 
by almost a l en g th . 

Saturday's top performance 
had been in the coxless pairs. 
Britain put afloat two crews who 

between them have diam- 

S ished battle honours - three 
ympie golds and a u«rfd 
silver medal. Redgrave and 
Holmes dominated the race 
from the start, coming home 
with over seven lengths to spare 
from compatriots Cross and 
Clift m. a time that .would hare 
riven them medals in the coxed 
and co xte™ font" events here. 
That is class. 

They win now surely be 
selected for Eng land m the 
Commonwealth <5am«(July25 

to 29) in this event- They may 

even double ^ in fae coxed four 
with Cross and Gift m Ed“: 
burgh and then ® ^ 
championships m Nottingham 
(August 16 to 24) elect to row m 

could be even more lethaL 
Britain had much else to 
enthuse about in Mannheim 

over the weekend despite the 
absence of many of the world's 
best crews. 

Yesterday, the two British 
pairs contracted into a coxed 
four with Olympic gold medal- 
winning coxswain Adrian Elli- 
son in charge. They won by 
lengths in an exceptional rime 
and have an embarrassment of 
choices for the championships 
bier this year. 

Less than an hoar later, 
Redgrave and Holmes went 
afloat again and won the elite 
coxless pairs. They are gluttons 
for success. Tyrian’s viaory 
a gainst the West German world 
champions yesterday in the 
coxless fours added to the 
crea m . 

Cured tows: 1, AHA . 

(GS) SOBJffi Z Wand SSI .04; 3, 
Vesta (GS) 5 ^ 3. 6 6; 4, London 
ws-vasa &04J99. Doable scuiac 1, 
Radev-JOftianov (BuQ &55A0; 2. 
Veya-Araosa (Cuba) 538.48; $, 
Kr&jW-Bassan (GB) JOBSt *, 
HandBKUrhSrfvaner (GB) 64)083. 

StS S.i - 

6:14.13: a Zentne^Covacs 
6:19-80. Cndeas tows: 1, 

(GB) 53099: Z Hansa Dortmund 
5.3fi-86; 3, Martow-Cam&rtdge 
Urtverstfy 04045. Other British:!!. 
BedfadXsuider-TldBway Scutors 
&54JS6i Quadraple ton 1. Po- 
land 521.64; 2. Cuba 532.1* * 
Tideway Scullers- Northampton 
534.8; 4, Maidenhead-Tideway 


Noah outclasses Lendl 

New York 
Noah beat the lop jeed. h** 
Lendl, in straight sets ou» 

urday to earn a place *“ 

of the Tournament of Ch»n 
here asainst Guiflenno 

pions owe wv"*"*. — 

Vilas. Noah- who has a griW* 

tow UT fcllCrW Algenune. 
Mantn Jaite, W. b-3-^ 
Noah, the fourth 
due to 

at stake. Vjte “ZKmiaro 

of Dine provi<W5 

rattfy looked tike saving a 
match in which he was clearly 
outclassed. ' • ■ ' 

VOas was m devastating form 
araiim Jahe, although be re- 
quired eight match points to 
complete the victory. From 3r3 
in the opening set, Vilas won 
seven games in a row. carrying 
trim to 4-0 in the second set 
During that run. he conceded a 
mere 11 points. Jaite. seeded, 
ninth, finally * on a game, but 
only after six deuces, and Vilas 
went on to record a comfatabie 
victory., :* . - ■ 

Ibis is only die third, tour- 

-■ against Noah- . nament m which Vihts 

since taking a seven- 

ri , jJeftat it* the “** momh breafc»ii^eim.6na 

iaMBved foot - eg* ranked No. 2 in the world was 

WrtnntfvesleRlavto - 


to meet 

By Keith MarkKn 

The champions, HaBfo*, and 
the outsiders, Wtrringtau, wfll 
meet is the premiership final at 
EBand Road, Leeds, next week 
after two thrilling battles ha 
yesterday's semi-finals. 

Halifax seemed beaten 
Leeds when they were 13-1 
down with only five wfantw to 
go, bat they snatched victory 
when a Leeds forward dropped 
the ball and the Anstrafiaa 
centre, Tony Anderson, swept 
outside the Leeds winger, Carl 
Gibson, to win the same for the 
first dhisfoo champion*. 

The natch had seen the lead 
changing hands several Hmet. 
Halifax fought back from 0-5, 6- 
U and then 10-13 to clinch 
victory with the Anderson try 
that brought the crowd roaring 
to their feet. 

The other semi-final at Cen- 
tra! Park saw Warrington pro- 
duce - then- best form of the 
season to beat Wigan 23-12, the 
stand-off half. Bishop, equaling 
the record of fire dropped goals 
to a senior game. 

Warrington, splendidly led by 
the combative forwards, Boyd 
and Tamati, tackled ferodoosly 
from the start and threw Wigan 
out of their normally fluent 

At half-time Wigan were oafy 
a point behind at 6-7. bat Bis] 
kept popping over the drop) 
gods, and eventually Bishop 
and his brfflfaat half back 
partner. Gregory,- Warrington's 
man of the match, scored tries. 

Wigan could rarefy shake off 
the ruthless War ringto n tadt- 
fing. though they did produce a 
beautiful more just b e fore half- 
time iu which Edwards, West. 
GIB and Edwards again handled 
sup erb l y for Potter to touch 
down mid Stephenson to kick 

Roberts had earlier raced 
through powerfully for a tty to 
Warrington, following one of 

Gregory's many breaks. 


England escape as Italians 
miss their big chance 

From David Hands, 
Rugby Correspondent 

Italy , r 


England B 


The gap b e tw ee n the old and 
the new continues to narrow. An 
experienced England B team 
was hustled and hanied around 
the Olympic Stadium in the cool 
of a Roman evening on Sat- 
urday before a frenzy of Italians 
whose numbers were swollen to 
more than 30,000 by the dis- 
tribution of free tickets. In the 
end England were grateful for 
the draw, each side scoring a 
goal and three penalty goals, and 
were fortunate to achieve even 

. Italy, who leave for a five- 
match tour of Australia today, 
threw away the chance of a 
second try when they ignored a 
huge overlap midway through 
the second half and BeoaieUo 
pushed a drop goal narrowly 
wide in injury time. A relieved 
Michael Weston, the tour man- 
ager, said he hoped contact 
would be renewed sooner rather 
than later, conceivably at senior 
level. Certainly England would 
like a “conditioning*’ visit to 
Italy's heat and hard ground 
before they leave next May for 
Australia and the world cup 

Rose the experienced Harle- 
quins full bade, landed four of 

his five place kicks, including 
one from halfway and a second 
from an awkward angle which 
levelled the scored with only 
five minutes left Smith, the 
stand-off half has toured well 
too. Another neat game was 
enhanced by a clean break, 
spoiled only when he dropped 
the ball, and his confidence 
grows with every represe n tative 

Handling presented certain 
difficulties with a light ball on a 
hard ground with the smooth 
surface of a croquet lawn. The 
bounce was unpredictable, but it 
was the excellence of Bettarello's 
diagonal kick, stretching Rose to 
the foil, which led to 
MasrioJettfs try early in the 
second half. 

It was not the most fluent of 
games — partly because of Rene 
Hourquei's interpretation of the 
ruck-maul law. partly because of 
playing mistakes - but it was 
disappointing that En g)anH 
could establish no area of domi- 
nance. Apart from one early 
disruptive shove and the 
satisfaction of a late hed against 
the bead, the scrum got no 
change from the Italian for- 
wards who crabbed round to 
spoil England's put-in and were 
able to straighten up easily. 

In the lineout too England 
were overshadowed in tbe first 
half before throwing more ball 
to Budnon at the tail The Orrell 
flanker had a useful game in the 
broader sense, but he is no 

battering ram dose to the set 
pieces and slows tbe pace of I 
movement by turning round to 
feed his support. HalL, in the 
unaccustomed position of No.8, 
did not establish an easy 
relationship with Hilt he cov- 
ered wefl but tbe linking ofback- 
row and scrum half not 
surprisingly, took time to 

Italy’s best attacker was Baiba 
from the back, but they may 
depend too much on Bettarello. 
their record points scorer with 
424 from 47 games, 1 1 of them 
in this match. He opened the 
scoring before England bad the 
encouragement of a try in tbe 
corner from Hill which, though 
there was a suspicion of a knock 
on, featured excellent work by 
Carle ton and good support from 
Goodwin and Hall. 

Bettarello's second penalty 
struck an upright and crossbar 
on the way over, but Rose was 
able to ignore the crescendo of 
whistles and abuse to keep 
England in touch. 

SCORERS: IMv - Ify: MasaotottL 
CoovaraJon: Bettaralio. PeoalUu: 

Enfltend B — Tty: HB. Ct nun b n: flow. 
Panama: Rosa (3). 

ITALY: S Barba (Untwarrity oi Rome); M 
Masootetti (L'AqutoL * Gaetarteto 
(Parma), O Cotodo (L'Aqute), S Gtezoni 
(L'Aquda); S Bettsreto (Treviso). F 
Long iota ^Pad^; (5-C Cucciuella 

Steve Oven’s 5.000 metres 
track aspirations took on real 
promise when he won tbe 
International Athletes* Club 
eight kilometre road race, spon- 
sored by Gaymer's Cyder, on 
the streets of Oxford yesterday. 
Ovett admitted that he had had 
some trepidation about his 
move up from 1.500 metres 
when be could only finish I llh 
in the AAA 10 kilometre road 
race last month. “Finishing 40 
seconds adrift of the leaders was 
a bit demoralizing", he 

Bat be knew that that was his 
fust major race in six months, 
after a winter's training at longer 
distances than he had under- 
taken for years. Three weeks of 
shorter, faster track training, 
including a fortnight in Por- 
tugal. justified tbe decision to 
move up distance when Ovett 
decisively outsprinted Paul Da- 
vies-Hale over the final ISO 
metres, after the young Stafford- 
shire runner had given notice of 
his own considerable potential 
this summer by running clear of 
everyone except Ovett on the 
last three of 10 laps. 

There was some consterna- 
tion prior to the race when 
Carlos Lopes, the Olympic 
marathon champion, failed to 
turn up. Dave Bedford, tbe 1AC 
chairman and race promoter. 

said that Lopes, when contacted 
by telephone on Saturday, bad 
failed to give any reasonable 
excuse for his non-appearance. 
Bedford feels, with some jus- 
tification, that in this age of 
professional athletics, stars 
should be made contractually 
liable for withdrawals. 

Kirsty Wade, n6e 
McDermott, started towards the 
defence of her Commonwealth 
800 metres title with an equally 
impressive sprint, but one 
which started earlier than 
Ovett's, when she ran away 
from Cornelia Burki of Switzer- 
land with 600 metres to go in the 
women's 3,200 metres race. 

The weekend was also notable 
for an athletes' meeting in the 
Randolph Hotel. Oxford, venue 
for the formation of the AAA in 
1880. The congregation on Sat- 
urday night was discussing the 
latest bone of dissatisfaction 
with the administration, the 
selection and nurturing of a 
cross-country squad, capable of 
bringing the world champion- 
ship back to Britain. 

RESULTS: •tan’i Stars 1. 5 Owtt (Phoe- 
tw) 22mn 2*sac; 2 P Davtts-Hafe 
(Cannock) 22:25; 3, 0 CtoAs (Hercules, 
tenfttedon) 22.32; 4, J Rjcrrams (Conv 
wmfl) 2234; 5. C tiwdwray (Hattamstaa) 
2235; 5, M Scrutlon (Tortwidge); 2237. 
Women's 3km: 1. K Wade (f&cyaon HI 
9nw 41 sec: 2, C Burin fSwAr) 8:44; 3, G 
Damry (BfecMiMd H} 954, 


Drum comes third 
in Whitbread race 

By Barry Pickthafl 

'AquRaL G Rosa 
A Catena 


» (L'Aqufei 


Treviso), M Pawn 
■ Aqub). F Bemi 

capft. A Russo (TievisoV 
■ R M Rose (Hariequins); J 
Goodwn (M oeo to y L J Cartoon | OneHL J 
Pb toner (Bam. capO. MB) 

(Heftmond), fi 

^ _ Sown (HicriraonO), R Hrf 

Backs splutter to final gjpEH 

Toulouse win meet Agen in emerging victorious by 21 Rstoeft^Hounxetm 

. PRendal 
Simpson (Sate). R Loo (Bmm. 
' Beaman (Batfi).S 
(Orre*). J 

Toulouse win meet Agen in 
the French championship 
Rugby Union final on Saturday 
week in Paris (a Special 
Correspondent writes). Stade 
Toutousain precariously nego- 
tiated a tense semi-final against 
Graulhet to reach tbe final for 
the second successive year. The 
holders had their coach, Pierre 
Viilepnaix, shaking his head 
forlornly at a series of un- 
characteristic errors before 

emerging victorious by 21 
points to 12. at Tarbes. 

The right wing, Jean-Micbel 
Rancoule, scored two tries in 14 
minutes after half-time. The 
scrum half, Michel Lopez cre- 
ated both, and kicked three 
penalties and two conversions: 
but Toulouse's much- vaunted 
back division, containing four 
inter nation als, spluttered in- 
effectually, devoid of cohesion 
and timing. 

. . . _ Boctton 

HourqiMt (France). 

• Naas Botha, the captain of 
the South African Springboks, 
spearheaded a fine comeback as 
his side beat the rebel New 
Zealand tourists 21-15 in Cape 
Town on Saturday. Tbe New 
Zealanders bad taken a 9-0 lead 
by midway through the first 
half, but Botha hit back, landing 
three penalties, two dropped 
goals and a conversion to take 
his personal tally to 17 points. 

Simon Le Bon and his crew 
on the British maxi Drum 
returned to Portsmouth yes- 
terday to take third place on 
elapsed time in the Whitbread 
round the world yacht race, but 
the dawn celebrations were de- 
layed for an hour and a half 
while Customs officers and a 
sniffer dog rummaged through 
the yacht for drugs. 

The British yacht and its 17 
crew, beaten to the finishing line 
by more than three hours by 
Eric Tabaily's Belgian maxi 
Cote (TOr. was finally cleared 
and waiting fans mixed with 
family and friends to give the 
crew a belated, but resounding 

Both these yachts were beaten 
on total elapsed time on this 
27.000-miIe classic by the Ron 
Holland-designed Lion New 
Zealand, a near sister ship to 
Dram which arrived 5Vr hours 

This crew had liule to cele- 
brate. however, and the notice- 
able absence of champagne 
spray reflected the dashed hopes 
of skipper Peter Blake of win- 
ning this race at his fourth 

His problem was that Lion 
New Zealand proved too small 
and too heavy to compete on 
equal terms in the unusually 
light conditions that prevailed 

for much of the distance against 
the Brace Farr-designed UBS 
Switzerland which measured 
four feet longer and weighed 
16.0001b less. 

At a press conference later. Le 
Bon said that the "Customs 
pitch”, described by officers as a 
routine search, had not been 
unexpected. Searches apart, he 
described the eight-month voy- 
age as one of the best experi- 
ences of his life although he did 
admit to being apprehensive at 
the start, especially after the 
yacht had capsized with him 
inside it during last year's 
Fasinet race. 

Many friends tried to dis- 
suade him telling of whales, 120- 
foot seas and the chance of pitch 
poling and one even took out a 
54.000 bet that he would be 
drowned.Now he is looking 
forward to getting some fun out 
of the boat cruising in the 

Last night the American- 
registered maxi Atlantic Priva- 
teer. skippered by Peter KutteL 
was expected io take fifth place 
on elapsed time on this final leg 
from Uruguay, followed by 
Fazer Finland early ibis 

RESULTS (total elapsed tunes* 1. UBS 

SMtteriand. 117 nays late 3lmm 42$ec; 

i Zealand 122 days 6hr 3i inn 

2. Lion New) 

days re 

31 sec; 4, CftW DO, 126 days 8hr 26mm 

Triumph for Ellis 



Silver for 

From Philip Nfcksan, 

Sky Fly makes light of hard going 

The new confident displayed 
by Hghft re ig ht Kenith Brown bt 
gaining a silver medal at tbe 
E u ropean cham pio nshipa can-be 
directly attributed to a coxpie of 

For a sturt he has not shirked 
hard and varied-week over Che 
past four mouths, b e gfa catog 
with a severe training period in 
Japan and fading in tbe British 
Opes fast mouth which he wan 
for the fifth successive year. 

Secondly, after Saturday’s 
competition, he revealed a new 
tactic that dearly helped him 
overcome his main faffing of 
starring slowly and 
fodedsfveiy.^Jast before my 
first contest I had a five urinate 
fight behind the scenes with my 
team-mate Martin McSortey 
which really get me goto] 
explained Brawn, aged 23. 

This may have made the 
avail difference — for when he 

<»* — » mw4 hrt firff 

oppon en t, the Soviet champion, 
Li ary NakaaZ. Bkowa was al- 
ready fitify charged. This en- 
abled . him, quite 

uncharacteristically, to domi- 
nate (be contest totally. 

. ' Shrugging off the challenge of 
the Yugoslavian Code -rand the 

vocal pa r tisan support of the 
ho me crowd — and the taO West 
Goman, Stranz, who nasally 
finds tire measure of Brown, 
tiwBritOB advanced into the 
final of a major in tern ati onal for 
tire first time in his career 

Gillian Greenwood and her 
1 9-year-old mare Sky Fly rele- 
gated Sue Fountain and Ned 
Kelly to runners-up for the 
second time this week when 
they won yesterday’s £ 1 ,250 first 
prize in the Toshiba Grand Prix, 
tbe main show jumping event at 
tbe Royal Windsor Horse Show. 

On Friday Miss Pountain and 
the gallant Ned Kelly had had to 
accept tbe same result in tbe 
Ladies’ National Champion- 
ship. Geoff Btilington, the win- 
ner of [yesterday's speed class on 
JR IV. completed a successful 

By Jenny MacArtfaar 

day by taking third place in the 
Grand Prix on Simply Magic. 

Although the three top riders 
'Nick Skelton. Malcolm Pyrah 
and Harvey Smith bad all 
withdrawn from the class be- 
cause of the haid going, even 
they would have been bard 
pushed to better Miss 
Greenwood’s outstanding final 
round against the dock in which 
she finished more than a second 
ahead of Miss Pountain. Miss 
Greenwood said afterwards that 
she had not considered pulling 
out on Sky Fly who “goes better 
on the hard”. 

RESULTS: Tosftte Grand Prte 1, Sky Fly 
(G Greenwood), no faults in 3636 wk; i, 
Ned KaHy (S Pountam). 0 m 3&28sec; 3. 
SmptyMagcfG Bttngton>.0m4Z228ac. 
TmHbe G r a d e s A and B Competition: 

1. JR IV JG BMngtoflL 0 si 52.78uc: 2. 
Next CoWway (II Whitaker), 0 ri 
53S7sec; 3. Frog (J McVaanj, 0 in 

Hr od * I nte rnat i o na l Driving Grand 
Pits Ibr pairs of horaac 1, C Dcfc. 1 17 

2, P PendtoOwy, 12S; 3, P Rebulsrd f 

Jon Ellis, the 1984 Firefly 
national champion, yesterday 
won the Westerly Crebbin Cup 
elimination trials to win a final 
place in the Lymingion Cup 
Match Raring championships 
next week. 

The result was in dispute long 
after racing had ended between 
the six hopeful helmsmen with 
Lawrence Mead, Jon Ellis and 
Roger Yeoman all sharing the 
same fourth win points score 
and was only resolved after a 
protest between Mead and Ellis 
following a pre-start incident in 
the first heat of the day. 

Ellis, who won this event last 
year but was then unable to 
compete in the Lymingion Cup, 
was triumph? 

RESULTS: Westerly CrebMn Cup: 

1, J Bis. 5 sms; Z R Yeoman. 4; 3, L 
Mato. 3. 

• In another international 
match racing championship in 
Amibc. France, Britain’s 
America's Cup helmsman Eddie 
Warden-Owen, who will be 
competing in next week’s 
Lymingion Cup. finished in 
second place to the American. 
Paul Cayard. Chris Dickson, of 
New Zealand, was third 


Wotting t 

dap: Champion: fare N J 
Turners Ram bo. Reserve: Allen's 
Caravans' Tyrone. Kaireds ritemflOonai 
Dnvioa Grand Pita tor teems at horses. 1, 
J PaHsson (Swe). 142p» 2, P Muni 155: 
3. G Bowman, 158. 

Double disppointment 






Swfcd. 256:4,1 




Nces. 220; 6. Gtawow. 191. Second 
eOrreyfur oBc 1 . £awLat6U4.301: 
hltoU. 271*,; 3, ShWUSton, 247; 4. 


Z BmrtML 271 X; 3. ShWUMon. 247; 4, 
Hounslow, 237;&Rcdtey, 200>4; 6, Ptoesvta. 

ORE Store QOLD CUP: PM isosta CDf- 
chestac 1. Btotort, 122: Z Bstedoa 117%; 
„ — . - r —— n1r -- — — unjrn. 
129: Z Perth 126. Horfree I. 

' _ ,159: ^ 6K AWonfcs. MO. » ■ el ite 

oatec 1. mMxrough, I47i Z Hudngion. 
wL fnlto 1. SotaA M2; Z Mtarisy. 117; 

^igwSlfe CU P: C o tah eM W i 1. 

Ateftrt, 105; Z Caches**. 10S. l in es . 1. 
Bodtote, 110; 2. rtnhMte. 101; a, Hsrttonx 
99. Prt w b oi uMc T T 1 nain3orouoh. n® 2, 
Csmoridge teMrite, lilMM 1, 
Halasowen. 103^&SS.91;3. Numseev 

— — ^■4teKCnt te i M y( 
W Meteoub Mpr* P*XJ, 6-0; J Toms {■ 
W P Oesawoye (FrU Wfc H J Rocrigues A 
|BLonon(l^.>2: YsnudsBenHaSmOw 


: BpM Nsteos Cteescs Hart 

Korl bl J GuBnan (Vart SO. H Gatt (Cate » 


g tfEMl 1 





CHELTENHAM (Toy Ground): 


■■■■■wiite So* 4. Ctewfeid rm 
aikoWBU Rwste7, O ates o re Orates 4; 
MtanesoaTten* Coastal Tleare 7; Mtarev. 
too Brewers 16, CaNomta Angsk 5e Seenia 
Martnere 13, Toms Bus Jays 3; Boston 

sos a. asmms 


t 4-1; R aue z sn Oul (Tur) w 
Fa?. 3* L Rotan (P RBo) » N 
1.4*1; Oh XivanQ-6un<SKoi) 
. 5-0 StaK Kite Kr-Tfas I 

...... (WsawTh 

_ 5-a a Awapav (BN| bt LC D I 

(Brt. 5-0, E Correa fCuta) u Monam so Adta 
fowl. Wk V StaNKw WB3R1 H S «4ahmn 
m.4-1: A Kuenrter (WO) wNKatatorojVSl 
rung: m AmUaon (USSR) bf R Rncfc 
Use). W5. N Neratai (W8) w J Robm 
fearwraS , (SsrSieHted 3rd; 0 Shariyfoanl W 
FSancraz (P FW«, 5* A Esptom CtSbaj « 
e Hanab rec 2nd: M Pozoxx: (Yug) Qt W 

S (U^ M; E rwnar (EG) H Lea Hee- 

A sun (Brt. 5-0: M Tatov (Bufl bl K Joyce 
, 3-2. SI Bs: S RuStoOv (BU) tt W Dpan 
1 5-0; J Kopate fRn) 01 V Fros (DOm ffep), 

; F Saoon (tuba) bt G Abaci (Hwi) . 54k L 
> (te) takrii Vou^nni (SKorj. M 


(US unites Bbmoy. 201: A 

Bean 66. 96. 67. 203: G Bums 68. 72. 63. C 
Saaer K. 69. ra: B Wadkaw 66. 69. 68; P 
Bawan 70. 66. 67: U Wteoe 66. 66. 6a. 204: B 
Larger (WG) 72, 66. 66. M Hayes 64. 72, 68. 
20S: D Haworson (Can) 72. 69. 64. G Sauare 
71, 6B. 66. MMi pteerig: 210: K Brown 67, 


NORTH AM CTC A: National Hocfcay 
PMUItawurt aata n nam es): Wales . 
ance M; Montreal Canataana 3. New York 
sanas4.iL cn» 
• 4.5| 

By Colin McQmiian 

TTic forgotten men of British The Vii 
squash forged back to national 
recognition yesterday at 
Ilkeston, as the Victoria Club 
from Osseu in Yorkshire de- 
feated Richmond Town, a more 
fashionable London dub. in the 
American Express National 
Challenge finals to earn promo- 
tion to the National Premier 

Richmond Town emerged 
from Saturday's semi-finals 
with real chances of a unique 
double in these last stages of 
county leagues involving some 
6.000 club teams throughout the 

Victoria Cub team is led 
by Steve Bateman and Christy 
Willstrop, a pair of mie-gm 
Yorkshire professionals who led 
the domestic field through all its 
junior stages but fell from notice 
as the game broadened 
When the invitations went 
out two years back to form the 
National League, the little six- 
court club at Ossett. near Wake- 
field. was nowhere near 
consideration. Bateman and 
Willstrop will take pleasure 
from joining the stars the hard 

Rangere I (Montreal ™ senes * 
be* Conference tatefe Calgary H 
Lous Bhe» 2 (Cagay bad senes 

Ramos • 


M Start 

„ _ -i Mate Sox 4. 

0 til finsi Boston fted Sea 4. 
Otafced Anaboa 2 [10 ma ~ ' 
gaola* S. Kantre CKy flojtae fe i 
4. Texas Rxtgm * li tenm i i ee nre ea re 4, 


411.IL 55 ovens) ' 
SWANSEA: GtemorgxnvSuraex. 



lAUNTWt Somerset v 

EDO BA ST ON; Warwick* Hire v 


'Third division . 

BarfngtoP v Derby 

CBITRAL UAGU£ tori dMatere 
ereitai v Mtoetostet Cky (7 JOL SaaonU 
dhtateK Mttsasmw^i v Rotoemam 


soey PortRTxwtti tat Sariuret rfuK, 2J& _ 

CaBornta Angela Z Santas M etnei a, 
Toronto BkM Uays 7 (11 m). Ntafaoal 
I n eg ur Akter AAomreai Exj«i 8, Los 
Pod g a re 4; San Otaoo totf rea & 
wsagp CM* Z Pl uta ia rih a Pntaet 7, 
Raot i: Hntoon Aaime 3. Ptaataotat Pnas 
2: San Frarmeo Stents Z St Lou* cantatas 

atagg aMS aa 

RaAijAMante ll rew aeAPnaera te tae rt i ta te a 
UMeswaNExsoeS, Los Angaria 2 ; 
Si Lou* CanSrata g. Sra Raaetaes Bans a 


cri6oa(HBA): CDntereac a a awl ta i rtfli an t ta 
sevan naamp CMir Boston Qfea w 
Aiura wJS, 4-1; fmadfaria Ttore IS. 
Mmutan Buris 108 (aartu rival « ML 
Cntava Boat W a itewr Lo« Aoaaris 
fatara tli Houston Rockris 107 |Loa 
Angoria rito serai MB. 


TOWt tta toi a l tai ai ral o nrt tav (Hteri: 
■to Wto* 1. 1 MeSoneriSaRtaWB 

- Hdf iM uj. Hr 27mta 14 sac Z D JaetsoQ 
.frotir PesteQ. 1J&42: 3.JU (Souraop- 
airy. K30Z3. Uataataeoc 1. Ote i n a x L 7S pta. 
Z awthett 97: A Coranoy. lOD. WtaMira 

USM ’“*■'*** 

•ANC^^rott 2. S Jougrt n 
ftS. S Bans |fc»oduc«. Oral 1. 
Jojgw. aqpriL «ng m the Sport* t, p 

TOWcfwSSmfc Nta! atesepetereoat- 
Hi unainl. SAluafe i. B JtaBjSamz). 3r 
lanan SOuc 2. J Bruggroenn (SMUii 3. M 
rta Mam. bom me tne. TPra real 
a): 1. J^Benwrt IFri 39ran S5aac 2. 
aefion (Bel). « 10 see 3. J-iA Crvzet 
l 34. final aiaarl.J Novara (BeQ.4ir 
. . aoesaci 2. B breu (SvrtzL same tanr, 
3b Cnaaton. IMOsecbrawt M 
team 1. CnquMfcw. 23nr 3sm SSmc 2. 
Bernard. 2»i 35eec batanck 3. B Contest 

WJUtSAW: Ranee reoe teoith stags fSStanB 
1. O LuMn (EG) ire 2*rrai <8aec (124 32 
vrthbo ra i^2,(tanrao«(USSRHl^ra&i3. 

to«0* (USSR^af same 


PUSITO REAL: Tow at Spate stage 
S34ton£ 1, J Banco Vtor (SW. Sta ttrsn 
2raec 2. c Maaat (TO. same Bme. Otter 
pteatejra 15. SKei* brei, lZ6tasmnd:Z7. B 
Saar Scot). sons naa.P«»6 sbm9mk i, 
A POO Sp) wnr 25sat; Z Ifear. 

i aehnrt; 3, Keejr, 4*4. 


F* CUP fW Alj Ettaton 1. Lrtorpool 3. 
SCOTTY 3, HsartsO. 

Matasn Town 0; Cntrsn ». GomJmng 1; 
FsirataQ Q. Crrinser t; torttoy Ytnrm 1. 
Coooam 3t Miran VBri 3. Ow ft WtfWa 
Wear 0. M ajj g iaui Z 

Q. To nmn 1 t Tp c aaBaii tre > g-1 on aga. * 
QSEX LEAGUE: Bows 1. GRnOtfuTi; 
EacTRavncR 3, Fort 1: hbUmuQ, wraon 

UVERPOOL: toart Asaarenee hBHmarettHE 
Mm 1 . S Kenyon (SsBoroj 63mm 4 1 sec; Z M 
McLougfan WW» Psrtorohrt 6«Be; 3. R 
ttawstor (MvrtonJfrJAoces B OB. a. A 
Harare) (Worvomsmoton an a BllSioril 66 14; 
5. C Maoaooa (SrarttoU AC) KM. 6. P 
OUnsn JOUJ Caytonans) BU0. Women; 1. j 
Botfwee iL nu rpo u twniarsi 74mm 33aac: 2. 
C Henw ffioMn Uness Hamers} 7GA6; 3. M 
Hurta (Ca^nn-te Uoors) 7B26. 

country. They were doubly dis- 
appointed. however, as first 
their stylish women's squad fell 
3-2 to an oddly assorted team 
from the Brenfiefd club in Essex 
sod then the men lost by the 
same margin. 

The Brenfield win was the 
third in a row fora squad which 
includes a Bank of England 
official, a biochemist, a credit 
manager, a clerk and a school- 
girl but has developed ihe 
knack of team preparation be- 
yond the ken of more pro- 
fessionally-based units. 

RESULTS: American Express National 
Sq«a)i Chatenge Itnats; Mem Victom M 
Rtetaxwd Town 3-2. (Verona names first 
S Bateman M H Banar. 9-6. 9-6. 9-1; C 
VWterop M J Foster. B-7. 1(W. 9-3; A 
Oanzey bt G Pearman. 9-3. 9-4. 941: J 
UHey lost io J Leslie. 9-10. 6-9. 3-9; S 
Mtalsfman lost to N Hanson. 5-9. 5-9, M.i 
Women- BrentieM Deat fiicrmona Town 

3- 2. (BrenlieU names first L Hanow lost 
10 S MacFri. 6-9, 10-B, 10-6. 3-9. 6-9. B 
Sanderson bt O Prendnnffe. 9-1, 3-9. 9-6. 
IW; D Dues lost to M Fryer. 3-9. 9-6. 9-4. 

4- 9. 4-0; S Waiter bt H MacF®. 9-5. 5-9. 9- 
S. 24. 9-2: J WAUmore bt M Jupp. 9-1. 9-5. 

S04I-F7NALS; Mem Victoria 4. Manches- 
ter Northern f. Rcnreond Town 5. W«t 
County Squasb. Avon 0. Women: Rich- 
mona Town 4. Redwood Lome. Bnstoi 1: 
Brenfield 5. LoognOcaougn University 0. 


Sncnert (BeO ta S Sorensen <lru. 7-9. 9-7. 7. 
5. 7-5. Btagun ritaf Iretata M. Ahes 
Greece M Syna. 54L Ctare; EM ried Mara 
34L S moat Soum Korea INPakstan. 4-1 
MatwMtorapaK .Japan M Taiwan. 4-1 
Lmk Noerta w Norway. 5-0. 
a«MK>fc Braartra Open finet E Santawz 
(SptWR Osrertiiun (WGJ, 6-1. 6-3. 
BARCELONA: Wmwn'a Snafc P Itebar iaub- 
Pg> ML G amma UP. 7-6.S4L 
HOuartM; wraus SBrea surffo a ra k 


Dunlop delights fans 

By a Special Correspondent 


WEST MERSEA Tt tournee fas clan 
a* 1. StoewmOer g C Oswwft^ 53rrai 
farac z Ngrii CNfattjH Manftaw and j 
654 ta 3. Ctawanee a lymmon 
Bgan a no M ri te), 704^ 4. Ctera Trig i. 

SSSSS?^ 9 * 5 

Ware ... 

Easri (0 fa PKn% &17^7 ' '*** 

tOMroni a Hone oi 

Bu mnampGc tivo^. fi lS.lft Class Three; 

** ““"k 7;17J? : £ Local 
H* 0 w toMg rnrai; a p a 


The World Formula 1 cham- 
pion. Joey Dunlop, rode 
through pouring rain U> win 
Ulster's annual North West 200 
on Saturday. Dualop kept his 
Rothmans Honda-Brnain col- 
league. Roger Marshall, at bay. 
delighting 70.000 fans with 3 
home win on the RVF 750 

He then dashed of to hospital 
to have his left knee stitched. 
The injury was obtained when 
he spilled his new carbon-fibre 
framed machine while battling 
with Eddie Laycock, of Dublin, 
in tbe first 250cc cbal 

Trevor Nation won his first 
North West against Kenny Irons 
in the Superstore class, and 
Andy Wans denied Laycock a 
double by taking the second oi 
the 250cc races. Robert Dunlop 
battled with fellow countryman 
Gene McDonell before clinch- 
ing victory in the 350cc class. 

RESULTS: Bofafi North Wart 200 (6 

a t, J Dumoo fftoswnans HwdaL 
435 sbc (average speed. 108 05 
mprtj: 2. P fawsnal (Rothmans Honda); 3. 

. Wteentne IL I 

W0»fetBb 16. Entfand & 15. 

SSUtm- 8 "* * BWaNw 

JOEk ffaitae : French tte be nare. 32. seot- 
. fcno .19 

: challenge, and 
n out of the big 

it almost kept him i 
race. Instead he sat out the 
remaining races, which left Mar- 
shal) to take victory in the 
Superbike class. 

S Cwfl (SuzutaL SratrMx Race (6 insb 
lAfartaial . §015.4 tl13J9mpft); IT G 
McDonneg (SuZIto); 3. U PtiiUps 
iSuzuki) SoperatKtt Race (6 laps): i, 
TNanon (Suzuki), 29 a0 (11027 mph). S. 
Klrons (Yamaha); 3.S Pamso 
(Yamaiavtsi 2S0cc Race m fau 1, g 
Laycock (EMC) 30:7.1 sto(1M.6ftnph 1 . 2 , 

250cc Race 




3. G Cowpn | 

|N»): 1. 

; 3. Cowan. 

, . 1. R Dunlop 
)A (10634 mph). 2Mz- 

s in 


mis , 
d to 








- A 
in a 
it is 

61. a 
led in 
, has 

- Mr 
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o the 
xd of 


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{Yamaha), Z . . .... r ^ 

Donna*; 3. N Tiawcrti (Yamaha). 




i says 
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warns . 



Bia*8J!gfS a H §H I i 1^1 o&i 





McLaren’s day 
as Prost 
leads another 

From John Blunsden, Monte Curio 
Alain Prost scored bis 23rd take Bumdk on the inside 

world championship victory 
yesterday in recording his 
third consecutive success in 
the Monaco Grand Prix.The 
78-lap race, which Prost led 
throughout apart from six laps 
around the midway point after 
his stop for fresh tyres, was a 
triumph for the Marlboro 
McLaren team, with Keke 
Rosbeig following his team 
partner home in second {dace 
25 seconds in arrears. 

Yet this was a race which 
Prost did not expect to win, 
despite starting it from pole 
position. **I felt that on this 
track the IPS Lotus of Ayrton 
Senna and the two Williams 
cars would have an advantage, 
so to win after all is particular* 
ly important to me,” he said. 

”1 think it will make the world 
championship much more 
open this year, and I think that 
we now have a real chance of 
taking the title again.” 

Senna, who finished a dis- 
tant third after what be de- 
scribed as “a very hard race — 
very exhausting” said that the 
combination of Prost and the 
McLaren was simply too 
much on the day. Even 
Rosberg was unable to make 
much impression on the race 
leader. “Early on I managed to 
dose the gap behind Alain by 
about half a second a lap, but I 
was taking too much out of my 
' tyres in doing so, so I decided 
1 it was best to settle for second 
place. The 1-2 result is very 
good for the team, and I hope 
we can do it again soon, only 
the other way round.” 

Nigel Mansell, the only 
. other driver to complete the 
' fall race distance, did his best 
for the Canon Williams team 
with a car which proved to be 
down on engine power and 
short of traction, while Nelson 
Piquet was a lap behind in the 
other car, in seventh place, 
after intermittent gear selec- 
tion troubles. A late challenge 
by Mansell to Senna's third 
place had to be abandoned 
when be found his visor 
covered with an oil film as 
soon as he dosed on the other 
, car. 

. Ten laps from the end of the 
race the dosest-fought battle, 
which was for seventh, eighth 

and ninth places, quickly TyrrB»-Reriaijlt74iap6. 12 Jonathan 
turned to disaster for Patrick f’ almer West Zakspeed 74 
Tam bay, who was extremdy 
lucky to escape unharmed 
_ from an accident in which his 
Lobt-Fdrd was launched over 
the back of Martin Brundle's 

entering die right-handed Mi- 
rabeau, but Bnindle was com- 
mitted to his line and as be 
turned in to the comer the 
Lola was squeezed on to the 
side of the trade and launched 
into the air perilously close to 
Brundle's head. Brundle's car 

arkT^e* was^ able ttwhiw^t 
slowly back to the pits where it 
was. retired. 

A less spectacular incident 
early in the race involved the 
other drivers of the same two 
teams when Alan Jones at- 
tempted to pass Philippe 
Streiff at the Tabac corner, 
failed, and again the two cars 
collided. Streiff resumed the 
race after his Tyrrell had been 
fitted with a replacement 
wheel at the pits, and finished 
eleventh but Jones had to 
abandon his car in a lay-by 
near the scene of the incident 

Once again the Monaco 
Grand Prix had turned into an 
essentially processional race, 
which this year brought an 
unusually low retirement rate 
only eight of the 20 starters 
failed to finish, but they 
included both the Brabhams, 
which had been demonstrat- 
ing rapidly improving form 
during practice. 

Michele Alboreto, after 
holding an early fourth place 
with his Ferrari. later dropped 
back and then had to abandon 
the race with turbo trouble, 
while another promising drive 
by Gerhard Berger, earning 
him sixth place in bis 
Benetton-BMW by lap 40, 
came to an end soon after- 
wards with a drive-line failure. 

RESULTS: 1 Alain Prost (Franca) 
Marlboro McLaran-TAG 78 laps 1 hr 
55 min 41.060 secs, 83.66 mph. 2 
Kate Rosberg (Finland) Marlboro 
McLaran-TAG £56.06482. 3 Ayrton 
Senna (Brazfl) JPS Lotus-Renauir 
1:5844.706. 4 Nigel ManseS (GB) 
Canon WUams-Honda 14642.462. 

5 Rene Amoux (France) Ligier- 
Renault 77 laps. 6 Jacques Laffito 
(France) Ugier-Renajh 77 laps. 7 
Nelson . Piquet JBrazfl) Canon WIL 
Kams-Honda 77 laps. 6 Thierry 
Boutsen (Belgium) Barclay Arrows- 
BMW 75 laps. 9 Marc Surer 
(Switzerland) Barclay Arrows-BMW 
75 laps. 10 Stefan Johansson 
in) Ferrari 75 laps. 11 Phi- 
Streiff (France) Data General 




Happy landing after lift-off: Tambay's Lola-Ford back on its wheels after flying over Brundle's TyrreB-Reoanlt and doing a barrel-roll in mid-afr 


Bairstow keeps up winning 
ways in rollicking style 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

Past is put Indians hold out on 


by Barnett 

Tyrrell- Renault, did a barrel- 
roll in mid-air. before merci- 
fully coming down on its 

Tam bay had attempted to 

la os. 

lfcflLD CHAMPIONSHIP: Drivers: 
1 Prost 22 points, 2 Senna 19, 3 
Piquet 15. 4 Rosberg 11. 5 Mansell 
9. 8 Berger 6, 7eq uffite and 
Amoux 5. 9 Johansson 3. 10 equal 
Bnmdle and Fabi 2. 12 Patrase 1. 
Conductors: 1 McLaran-TAG 33. 2 
waSams-Hcnda 2*. 3 Lotus-RenauB 
19. 4 Ugler-RenauK 10, 5 Benetton- 
BMW 8, 6 Ferrari 3, 7 Tynetf- 
Renauit2, 8 Brabham-BMW 1. 


Withers leads Cowdray 
to trophy triumph 

By John Watson 

The Cowdray Park medium- coordinated, particularly the 

strong duo of the veteran. 
Withers, and bis Brazilian NoJL 
Juraci Santos, who was standing 
in for Charles Pearson. They 
had a most dependable back in 
Martin Glue. Cowdray won 

goal programme continued yes- 
terday in cold and blustery 
conditions on the Ambersham 
No.1 ground which looked very 
smooth and springy, this being 
the first time it has been used 
this season. 

The opening match, a quarter 
final duel for the five-ebukka 
Texaco Trophy, was between 
the home team, Covdray Park, 

S voted on Paul Withers, and 
mthfield, whose strongman is 
the American nine-goaler, Owen 


Southfield, aggregating a team 
handicap of 15 against 
Cowdray’s 14, conceded half a 
goal at the outseL Cowdrey’s 
No.J. Tim Walker, who only 
started playing polo last sum- 
pened the account, and 
I trailed throughout. 

Rinehart flew in from the 
United States a couple of hours 
before die match and although 
be was beautifully mounted by 
the Yeoman brothers, he was 
scarcely playing up to his handi- 

Cowdray were much better 

COWDRAY PARK: 1. T WAar (Ift 2, J 
Santos (3k 3, P Mriare (7). Bade M Gfcie 

S&UTHHBJI: 1. J Yeoman (1UC 
Bethel (3* 3. 0 RMM (9). Bade V Law 

«• . 

For the second encounter, a 
Cicero Cup miarttr-finaL Gor- 
don Roddick's squad. Body 
Shop, faced Brent Walker, who 
are put together by their No.1, 
Lord MiUbrd Haven. 

Both goals were dosdy de- 
fended and the scoreboard 
showed 2-2 at trsading-in time: 
Body Shop, centred on Britain’s 
leading player. Julian Hipwood, 
ably supported by the former 
show jumping exponent, 
Johnny Kidd, bad the edge and 
won 5-3. 

BOOT SHOP: 1. G Rodtick _Kfc 2. J Kkte 

THE OVAL: Yorkshire (4pts) 
beat Surrey by six wickets. 

A rollicking innings by 
Bairstow yesterday enabled 
Yorkshire to take their playing 
record for the season to five 
wins in five assorted matches — 
two in the championship, two in 
the Sunday League and one in 
the Benson and Hedges, with the 
prospect of another at Trent 
Bridge today. In 12 overs, 
Bairstow made 83 not out so 
that Surrey, who had been 
having things very much then- 
own way when be came in, were 
beaten as early as the 37th over. 

Bairstow’s partner was Met- 
calfe, who played his game and 
ran excellently for his captain. 
With 15 overs left, Yorkshire 
still needed 119 — bat with 
Bairstow bitting with complete 
certainty the target was reduced 
so rapidly that uarfce, the most 
dangerous bowler in the match, 
was left at the end -with two 
overs unbowled. Three 
successive sixes by Bairstow oft 
Pocock in the 35th over virtu- 
ally settled the issue. 

The fact that Clinton, tbongh 
he carried his bat Ah* Surrey, 
scored fewer than half (hear 
runs, reflects the support he had • 
along the way. Stewart and 
Richards were both lively 
contributors — there were few 
better strokes in the match than 
Stewart's cover drive offhis first 
ball — and no one wasted any 
time. To start with, too, the boll 
moved about oft the seam, 
which made sense of Baiistow’s 
decision to put Surrey in. 

Both sides were fitU ofbowiers 
classified in the pocket reference 
books as being“RM” (right me- 
dium) which they certainly 
were, and not yet instantly 
identifiable. For Yorkshire, Jar- 
vis, Fletcher and a pair of 
Hartleys fell into that category, 
for Surrey, FeJtham, Monk- 
house and Doughty did. On 
paper the difference was pro- 
vided by the Barbadian, Oarke, 
whose turn h was to play ahead 
of the Trinidadian, Gray. It is 
good to see Yorkshire as the 
early leaders in the county 
championship, though without* 
any pace to speak of it will be 
remarkable if they stay there. 

Clinton went along at his own 
pace, scoring mostly to leg. and 
making some good lofted hits to 
the mid-wicket boundary to- 
wards the end of his innings. 
Surrey scored at four runs an 
over for their first 20 overs, and 
at eight an over for their last lea 
— while wickets were being 
sacrificed in the chase. In the 
117 balls he received, Clinton 
hit one six and seven fours and 
survived one chance, to square 
leg oft Carrick when he was 34. 
It was not the first time he has 
shown his partiality for the 
Yorkshire attack: his best first 
class score of 192 was made 
against them, also at the Oval 
After Jesty, given the new 
ball, had bowled Yorkshire's 
opening pair and Pocock, in his 
first over, had induced Love to 
hit a short ball back to him, 
Yorkshire were left with a . 

to catch up with the 
Clarke bowled horribly 
well oft his Sunday run and 
when Bairstow joined Metcalfe 
in the 24th over, Yorkshire were 
still only 80 for four. 

But no cause is lost to 
Bairstow. And with Clarke com- 
ing off after four overs. 
Monkhouse and Feilham took 
som e fe ar f u l punis hm enL When 
Clarke returned the previous 
eight overs had produced 76 and 
only 43 were needed now from 
seven. For Bairstow in fully csy 
that was a doddle. 


A R Butcher c and bSMebottom 1 

■GS C*rton not out - 92 

A J StawonbP J Hartley 28 

M A Lynch b Carrie* — 10 

T EJtKtycSN Hartley bRetcher — It 

ICJAtmrrisbPJKartiay 32 

R J Douptty c Low b SWebottom — 14 
G MortiSousec Low bSfctebottam _ 5 
M A Fatriem not out . 

Extras {lb 8. w 4. nb 1) , 
Total (7 wfos, 40 owe). 

- 13 

S J Clarica and *P I Pocock *1 not tot. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2. 2-64. 3-87, 4- 
110. 5-162. 6-196. 7/204. 

BOWLING: RatcherMKKM; SkteboUora 
8-0-47-3; Carrie* 8-0-32-1; S N Hartley 2- 
0-200: P J Hartley; 6-0-34-fc Jarvis 8-0- 

K Sharp b. ... 

M D Moron b, 

A A IlnfrWe not out . 

J D Love c and b Pocock 

S N Hartley c Richer* b Ctarte , 
*tOL Bairstow not out . 

Botham hits the mark 
for Somerset 

By Alan Gibson 

TAUNTON: Somerset (4pts) going wdl, the score 84. Mindful 

w.jji m — ■ of the possibility of rain, they 

burned to keep up a high scoring 
rate, but at 110, in the 26 th over, 
Wyatt was hit on the chest by a 
first ball from Danid and had to 

beat Middlesex by six w tickets 
Somerset won the loss and 
put Middlesex in to baL They 
had them at 41 fix- four in the 
seventeenth over, restraining 

opening spdls by Gamer 
Botham bang followed by a 
characteristically forceful one 
from Marks, who bowled his 
eight overs through. . 

Botham bowled Slack at 
eleven. Marks had Gatting 
caught at fine leg, halfway out, at 
40. Radley was stumped, next 
ball, and then Barlow was 
caught, also at fine leg. There 
was a deep square leg, as well, 
but the Middlesex batsmen did 
not seem able to resist aiming in 
that direction. Marks, with his 
gaze of youthful innocence and 
innocuous-looking flight, 
continued to deceive the best. 

That was four good batsmen 
back in the pavilion, but once 
Marks had bowled his eight 
overs the attack became less 
testing and Butcher and 
Downton settled into an 
increasingly prosperous partner- 
ship. The score was only 50 after 
20 overs, 128 after 30. Downton 
was caught at deep mid-on with 
the score on 138 with Emburey 
following almost at once. 
Butcher, however, remained un- 
wonted and a final score of 196 
for seven, with a slow outfield 
(although the pitch was also 
slow) gave Middlesex, 
the better chance. 

Somerset have made a dis- 
appointing start to the season, 
but still manage to attract large, 
enthusiastic crowds. Roebudt 
and Wyatt scored 32 in the first 
10 overs, a feir start. Roebuck, 
wearing a white bdmet, looked 
much more tike a dashing white 
sergeant than the usual staid 

After 20 overs, they were stiD 

Hardy replaced Wyatt, which 
seemed rather an odd choice 
with Richards in the wings. He 
fell leg before .to Danid tor 10 
and then came Richards, who 
bit a couple of sixes and was 
bowled by Fraser. 

Then we had, to delighted 
screams from the younger popu- 
lous, Botham. He began cau- 
tiously, but saw Roebuck 
splendidly caught at square leg 
by Hughes, who bumped into 
the advertising boarding as he 
Ml. With four overs to go 
Somerset needed 30. Bo tham hit 
a six. With three overs, they 
needed 21. Maries was bowled. 
With two overs, 17 — Botham 
was not getting enough of the 
bowling. They needed 15 in the 
last over and two sixes in the last 
three balls - Botham did it with 
two whacking blows, both off 
DanieL It cheered up the crowds 
quite a bit. 

Q D Bartow st Gate b Mwk* . 
WN Stock b Botham 

*M W Gaffing e Dredge b Marts 15 

CTRadey notout 78 

R OButoberc Dredge 0 Marks 0 

b Turner _ 50 

JP R Downton c 

I E Emburey b Bottom 

, I thought, ARC 

S P Hughes e and b Turner . 
C Fraser not out 

Extras 0b 5. w 2. nb 1) . 
Tow (Twkto. 40 overs). 

_ 9 

— 196 

N G Cowans and W W Daniel tid not bet 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11, 2-40. 34a 4- 
41. 5-13& 6-145, 7-168. 

BOWLMGe Gamer 6-1-17-0; Botham 6-0- 
39-2; Dredge 8-0-31-0; Marks 8-1-31-3; 
Turns 7003* RcfraUs 1-0-100. 

. 3 

*P M Roebuck e Hughes b Emtxoy 
JGWwn reared hun 

J J E Hardy fee> b DanM 
IV A Richards bFraaer. 
IT Botham not out 

Glamorgan vLeics Notts v Warwicks Worcs v Kent 

VJ Marks b Darnel 
R J Harden not out . 

Extras to 1 1. w8. nb 2 ) 

- 5 
_ S 




N E Brie rs cHctmeib Steele . 
L Ifotter tow b Thomas 

c Daw ® 8 13 Dwnefc „ 

J J wrankerc Moms 0 Ontono 
T J Boor b Holmes . 


IP Butcher not out 

Extras (b 4, to 2 . w 6) 


- 7 

- 6 



Hbrwfc *Mn(4pU)taatNotU>giamahn 
by 46 runs. 


PI«iw.hP« 40 

j^W Hurnpage b FUco SB 



BMMcMOan tow bRiee. 
G J Lord not out 

G J Parsons not out _ 
Extras (to 13, w 3) 


Total (6 1*408,40 oveni) 132 


fWJMJtaiThomaa 7-1-25-1: Base 5-0- 


Total (B wkte. 40 own) . 



- 1 
- 1 
- 6 


TS Curds c March bSHeon __ 

D N Patel b C S Cowdrey 

G A Hfcfcfe Underwood. 

tv 6 

Total (4Kvwa.40o*ers) — 

C H Dredge, M S Turner, J Gamer and 
Gard <kd not bel. 

FALL OF WCKET& 1-122. 2-153, 3-168. 

BOWLING: Conns 8-1-180; Daniel 80- 
56-2: Frazer 8003-1; Hughes 80330; 
Emburey 80-49-1. 

Umprer C Cook and o Uoyd. 

. 7 

. 33 

Extras (b 1, !b 8. w 3, nb 1} _____ 13 
Totol (4 atts. 37 over*) _____ 210 
8 D Batcher, p Carrick. P J Hertey. P W 
-tawto and A Skkbooom dd not tret. 
gLL OF WICKETS: 1-17. 200, 389. 4- 

BOWUWG: Jesty 80082: Doutoty 80- 
250: Pocock 4-087-1: Ctertm B-0T3-1; 
Monkhotna 60480: Fekhem 800 O 0 L 
IkapksjcJ J kkenet MW and A A Jortee^ 

end cup 

Scotland achieved an historic 
win in the Benson and Hedges 
Cup when they beat Lancashire 
by thiee runs In an ex tre mely 
exciting finish at Perth 

Set to make 157 to win, 
La n cas hi re quickly lost Fowler, 
leg before to Dcthie, and though 
they seemed to be eomfintobly 
placed at 72 for tiuee. when 
another .85 runs were needed 
from 20.2 overs, Scotland began 
to gel on top. 

With only three wickets in 
hand Lancashire still required 
46 to win off the test seven overa 
and the task eventually proved 
too much for them. It was 
Scotland's first triumph in 26 
Benson and. Hedges Gap 
m atc he s. 

In the John Player League; 
Warwickshire were put in to bat 
by N ottingham shire at Trent 
Bridge. Lloyd and Amiss gave 
Warwickshire the sound start 
they needed before Rice bowled 
Amiss for 40 with the score on 

When Lloyd was bowled by 
Saxelby, another 75 runs had 
been added and Humpage was 
in the throes of moving up a 
gear. ‘ Rice, the best of 
Nottinghamshire's bowlers 
eventually got his man, who had 
included a brace of sixes in a 
hard-hit 86, and with the wick- . 
ets ofSmilh and McMillan, Rice 
finished with lour for 49, as 
Warwickshire came in well sat- 
isfied at 236 fin* six. 

Nottinghamshire found the 
total beyond their reach and tost 
by 48 runs. 

Idttdfn Mre had won the 
toss at St Helens, but in choos- 
ing to bM made a poor start, 
losing Potter, whose hundred in 
the_ previous match had Hel ped 
polish oft Derbyshire, and 
Gower with only 41 runs on the 
board after 18 oven. On tong’s 

By Peter Bali 

DERBY: Derbyshire (4pts) 
beta Sussex by eight wickets. 

It was Old Players’ Day at 
Derby yesterday, a score of the 
county s former heroes turning 
up to view the proceedings and 
reminisce about days past. With 
the new stands opened by the 
Duke of Devonshire before 
tbestart, continuing the 
ground’s transformation, it is 
much less bleak now than in the 
days when • Arnold Hamer 
grafted away on green tops and 
Les Jackson exploited them 


Not even the i mpro vements, 
however, can totally protect the 
ground from its openness to the 
elements and with the wind 
whistling across it under a pray 
cloud cover yesterday, Sussex 
did not find it an enjoyable 

They began with a misleading 
flurry. Green alicrnatelygropmg 
nervously and playing: purpose- 
ful shots to set the scoreboard 
ticking over rapidly, 38 coming 
off the first eight overs. The 
introduction - of Miller and 
Finney put the brake on and. 
from tire moment Green de- 
parted, swinging across the line. . 
the bowlers were in coatroL 

Their ascendancy was con- 
firmed by the arrival ofHoli 
Only Imran, and be with 
culty. resisted to any 
reaching his fifty after a stay 
31 oven 

The efforts of Imran were not 
enough, although fin* a time, 
with Jones moving the baU away 
disconcertingly, 163 looked a 
sizeable target. Anderson, who 
had not looked happy, and HOI 
edged to Gould. 

Imran tried to stem the flow, 
tot hi s colleagues were less 
effective at containment, and 
Banietz, after an uncertain start, 
seemed to have put his unhappy 
winter behind him as he played 
some thumping drives. Morris 
was quicker into his stride. 
Reeve in particular coming in 
for some harsh treatment, and 
the two reached their 50s in 
consecutive overs, their un- 
beaten stand of 132 
Derbyshire home 

By Richard Streeton 

CHELTENHAM: The Indians, tri, Tantalized with (tight and 

with ail their second innings 
wickets in hand, bsetd Gloucester- 
shire by 83 runs. 

After Gloucestershire de- 
clared 51 Tims behind, fire 
Indian tourists were left an 
awkward 35 mxhates* ha win g 
yesterday when their maurfo at 
the Victoria ground continued 
here. Lawrence bowled at his 
festest on an unhelpihl pitch ten 
Snkkaxnh and r -*mH» nwmy ii 
to hold out. 

Earlier Quran, who hit a six 
and right fours, was the most 
assertive of tire county’s bats- 
men. He and Payne shared an 
unfinished stand of ,61 in 14 
overs before the declaration. 

A cold, windy day made it 
necessary for the Indians to 
wear two or more . sweaters, as 
indeed can. be the case in 
Amritsar, Jail under, or other 
northern pans of their own 

During fleeting moments of 
sunshine, the adjacent Coiswold 
hills looked their best. In tire 
Civil War they braised a Roy- 
alist. camp; these days the 
GCHQ radio masts are a re- 
minder of the modern worid- 

Considering the bleak con- 
ditions, the Indians bended and 
fielded with commendable ' 
tightness. Little was given away : 
by the seamen, who were used 
in short ^reHs. Yadav, the off- 
spinner, mid the lefbarra Shasp 


Prabfaakar swung the ball 
freely aixL bad Stovold caught 
behind; Romanies mistimeda 
drive and was . held at 
nndmdceL Atirey. who was 
subdued, and Barobridge, more 
ambitious, with cuts and drives, 
added 81 together. 

Athey was then caught be- 
hind, - trying to sweep. 
Bain bridge was .caught one- 
handed tv Srikkanth diving to 
bis left at short leg. 

Yadav took these wickets in 
nrabaHs but Curran rested the 
initiative with a splendid 
straight six off turn. Lloyds 
helped put on 70 before Binny 
look a return catch, right- 
handed, to dismiss him. 


WJ ^ , • 

Swontf (ratings 
K Srikkartfn not out . 


. J*' 


Raman Lambs not out. 
Baras (tot, nbl) , 
Todd i 




OltttlCESTBWfllieFkK Matings 
AW Pandit fe RnMialw !_ 20 

PWRomanascBmrwii Paul 23 

C WJABwy e PSBK»b Yadav 23 

P Bfcntnrtga c SnWtanlh b» Yacfflv _ 59 

JWUO»So*JdbBirm”^ 35 

KMCwwnrt Out __________ 69 

IR Payne not out 30 

E 3 drM(bt,*> 4 .nba» 13 

Total — ~ (5 wtodecj' 271 

"D A Orawnay. ffl C Russell. D V 
Lamenoe sal G E Sslnstxay ffid not bet. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-42. 240 3-128. 4- 


Nicholas excels with 
both bat and hall 

- By IvoTrionant •• 

&V n iAM * T 9 N: Ham pshire bv 0 fifth wicket stead of 65 off 
Northamptonshire by l§ overs between Nicholas and 
Chris Smith.' Nicholas, too. 
lofted a six over mid-wicket and 
had just got his square-cut going 
wdl when be heaved across the 
line at Walker and was bowled. 

Two runs later Smith was 
held off a huge skier. 
Hampshire^ final total did not 
look anything tike enough, es- 
pecially when Marshall's initial 
burst was wicked ess. Then 
Nicholas struck. 



Imran Khan b Hokfing 

A PWBfesc Newman bMonansen _ 

S JGoukreandbHofcSng. 
S to Roux tra b Hotting . 

C P Phflpson nor out —— 

Extras 10 w 0 nbl) . 
Total (6 wftts. 40 mars) . 

- 5 

VRT 8 aratay. A N JonasaMACSPIgoU 
tic not b fit - 

^ 3 - 105 - 4 - 
111 . 5-120 6-161. • • 

B0WUN& Newman 40-14-0; Mortensen 

66 . 
- 9 

*KJ Barnett not out. 


I S Anderson c Gould b to Roux 

Extras (to 7.w 2) 

Tocal(2«Nds l 370oeara) 164 

-» Roberts. G Mtoer, P 6 Newman, M A 
iteWng^R J ftmey, A EWamar and O H 
Mortansen tid no t lat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10 202. 
BOWUNG: to Roux 70-27-1; Jones 01- 
201.- jrtvan_0l-16-O: Reeve 60020; 
Plgott 600040; Barclay 2-0-200. 
ilmpiras: D O Oslear and K E Paknar. 

Scotland fTahcs 

AT PB7TH (North Inch) ' . 
SccUrxt (2pts) bate Lancashire by 3 


I LPhtopoFabbratfiarb’ Hughes - — 29 
W A Donald c and b Patterson - 4 

*H G Swan b Abrahams ______ 31 

- 6 


By virtue of some tirfit out- 
cricket and teUiqg contributions 
with bat and ball by tire captain, 
Hampshire won th« surpris- 
ingly low scoring John Player 
matc h. Mark Nicholas, who 
made tire highest score on either 
.side, 41, took three wickets. 
Lamb's included, in seven balls. 
His figures of four for 41 were 
his best in this co mp e titi on. 

From 28 for four, North- 
amptonshire rallied through a 
stand of 73 between Harper and 
Cape! but once the West Indian 
all-rounder bad been run out, 
tire return of Marshall — and 
Nicholas — was too much for 
them. In most respects, this 
match did not accord with the 
norm for John Player cricket. 

Hampshire did not bat well. 
They had been put in on a damp 
pitch and largely contrived to 
get themselves out. Greenidge, 
having hit Maflender out of tire 
ground, tried again and boled- 
out_ to deep mid-off Robin 
Smith went for a duck and 
Turner, sent back by Teny, was 
run out at the non-striker's end. 

More than anything, Hamp- 
shire were unable to get on top 
of the spinners. Neither Nick 

Cook nor Harper is a prodigious 
spinner of the ball, but they kept 
excellent control, again bowling 
together. Teny was bowled by 
perhaps the only ball Cook 
turned and of the 21 runs 
Harper conceded from his eight 
overs, nine came off one. ' 
Hampshire were pulled round 


3K rv 

Graankto* c Bate? b Mtftondar_ 12 

Tarry bNG B Cook 32 

Satiric MU bCanti 0 


V PTi 

R A Satiric MU bCwai 

D R Turner run out 

C L Srairi c G Cook b MataKtor 
*M C J Nchotos to Walker. 

M DMarahal c BMey b Manender. 

N G Cowley b Wetter 

TMTVwntot not out 

tRJ Parks not out._. 
Extras (to 7. w 3)^ 

.. 41 


- 16 


_ 4 
_J 0 
. 156 

Total (8 wkts, 40 warsL— 

C A Connor dU not bat 

FAU. OF WICKETS: 1-Z3. 200, 302. 4- 
S0, 5-124. 6-120 7-130. 0154 
OOWUk& Matonoer 80-420: Capet 6 - 
904-1: N G B Cook 01-20-1; Harper 01- 
21-0 Waftor 80440. .. 

"G Cook tow b Nicholas — 12 

RJBdey two Nicholas 11 

A J Unto c Parks bNIcrtotea 0 

R J Boyrt-Moss c Parks b Trantistt — 0 

RAHoparrunout 37 

% 6 Hteho»» 88 
DJWUc Parks b Tremlan 0 
tpJ^srjytoat .. — as 

N G B Cook run ta* . . * 


Extras (to 5, *8) 13 

Total 9 wkts. 40 ovena 154 

A Waflcar did not bat. 

554- «F WOCETS: 1-24, 2-24. 300 4- 
20 5-101, 6-101. 7-127. 8-140 
SWU NG: Mars hal 8-2-27-0 Ccxmor 6 
80-24-2; NUholas 80- 
41-4; ConXey 8-1-280. 

Umpiras: j A Jameson and R Palmar. 

O Henry cfktfiasb Wa Sonaon. 
N W BransttSw bPwsrsbn __ 

D L Snodgrass c Fax prother 

b Pa tau su n 0 

OGMoirbAMt 21 

fJD Knight not out. 


* * 

Brass (b 0 to 7. w 2 , 

Total (9 wktx, 55 sears) . 


J A Hopkins c Taylor b Clft 

HM^stVVt^casiibPotrar „ 
G C Hoknos not out !_ 

•R COroo ngnoti . _ 

. 4 


, 36.1 ovore) -- 135 

J G Thomas. fT omk j FShakSJ 

Hose and J Dnrlck tid not bat 

OF MCKET& 100 6-70 3-110 4- 


Ul ”finK. m j rautwi ni j h Hfcrfa. 

T A Mum " *N QWonl 

<Mn 0 ID 8 L 

^ 2-140 3-199. 4- 

219, 5-225, 6-230 

WM30 Cooper 8-1- 


R T Robkiaon c Uoyd b McMUan 7 

Bj C Broad b Ps&raon 17 

y .EB Htea C G ifford b Muraon — 11 

P Johnson tow bPanons 1 

DW Randal csmirib Gifted 33 

dbBocttbMcMKan - 6 fi 

R JH^racLord DMumon g 

tfl N French c Lord b Poarson 19 

R A Pick b Gifford b 

KSoctibynotout ,„4 

MgttVtTO 11 MCUMm — J 

Total <37.3 oms) — - 158 


D B O’Otowira ctMaytaCSComfrey 11 

*P A Nutie not out 49 

MJUtostoncTmwbb U nderwood ^ 22 

tS J Rhodes b Epson 28 

N V Radford not out - 1 


Extras (b 2, to 13, 

Total ^6 wte. 40 o*sra) _ 

JD kichmora. R K dngwoflti md A P 

PrUgaon dU not bat 


5-132. 6-190. 

BOWUNG; May 8M50: Btison 84-45- 
2; Bapbs» 8 -M 8 C; CSCoHdrm 8U-43- 
2; underwood 8-2-23-2. 7 


MR Benson e and b Radford — 

SG tanks e Neale bRedUrd 

C J Tavarti c Rhodes b Pndgeon 

N R Taytor run out 

*C S Cowt&sy nor out 

G R COMdrey not out 
Extras (b12.w2) 

FAIL w MCKETS 1-27. 831. M2. 4- 
fJgMS- MIX 7-150 8-172. 9-160 10- 

BOWUNG: McUUn 03-1-233: Pnn 
80-33-fc Murton 6V31-2 Peareon 7-0- 
4fr1; Sffirad 7-G26-2: Smffii 10-130. 
Uraphse: P b Wight raid J W HoUor. 

.. 3 
- 1 




To»i |4 wtts, 37.1 overa; 183 

EA E Bsptete. R M Btaon. IS AMareh, G 
R OBey end D L Underwood did not boL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 2-0 330 4-117. 
BOWLMG; RadfcnJ 7-042-2; PUdgeon 8- 
0-31-1: Weston 40-17-0 bchraora 80- 
363; ttigwortti 01-MO* Pawl 403B- 

Umpires: D J Congfcnt and K J Lyons. 

Norman Gifford, the 
Warwickshire captain, scram- 
bled a single off the last ball to 
give his side a one-wicket vic- 
tory over the holders, Leicester- 
shire, in a Benson mid Hedges 
Cup zonal match at Grace Road 
on Saturday. He came to the 
wicket after six wickets had 
tumbled in the final 20 overs as 
Warwickshire almost threw 
away them dunces after restrict- 
ing Leicestershire to 192 for 

Gifford remained calm in the 

Iasi over tension but the fore- 
most Warwickshire performer 
was McMillan, a South African, 
who struck a half-century in 93 
balls. Leicestershire's defeat was 
their second so for and their 
chances of qualifying fix- the 
knockout stage look remote, 
especially as De rbyshi re won 
their second game hi their 
group, beating Northampton- 
shire by 38 runs at 


197 policy of casting around among 
j fT half a dozen bowlers could be 
said to have been successful, for 
Leicestershire failed to settle 
and continued to lose wickets is 
their quest for runs. 

By the time they were fin- 
ished, 132 for six scarcely 
looked enough. So il proved, for 
whh the first four in the order 
making runs, dam organ got 

home to gain their first victory 
with 3 J overs to spare. 

- 19 

A W J snrancon tid not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-10 2-62. 3-00, 4- 
97. 5-120 6-1207-120 8-148 9-150 
BOWUNSAfloc 10-Z-24-3: Paterson 9- 
2-31-3: Watianson 11-3-25-1; Sfenmans 7- 
2-170; Hughes 11-1-24-1: OrShaiQnswy 
2000; Abrahams 50-11-1 
» A f*TV MWBnr 
GD Mentis b Stevenson ______ 3D 

Q Fenrtxr bwbDumk) 

J Abratams b Henry _________ SI 

MWMkknoncMdrb Henry 16 

NHFartmnherbDutttia . 

D P Kogtw* c Krtlght b Burnett - 
1C Maynsnltf Knght b DonUU , 




B P Pmterson nor cut . 

Extras (b 3, R>0 w5) . 
Tow (Bwfcts, 56 0v«4. 


- a 



It had been overcast at New 
Road, where Christopher 
Cowdrey won the toss before 
enjoying some personal success 
with the ball, taking the wickets 
of Patel, who had set 
Worcestershire’s pace an 
innings of 41. and that of 
D'Ohveira as Rest captured 
four wickets for 88. With Hick, 
the promisuH Zimbabwean, 
and Weston falling to Under- 
wood. Worcestershire's hopes 
rested chiefly with Rhodes, who 
hit a couple (ft axes in 28, and 
the captain. Neale, who made 49 
not out as the innings dosed at 
191 for six. 

Kent went on to win 
wickets, thanks largely to 

by Tavare and Cl 

FALL OF WICKETS; 14. 202. 872. 4-83, 
5-33. 6-100, 7-109, 8-1 10 9-130 
BOWUNG: Duthia 114-31-3: Donate 10- 
040-1; Moir 11-006-1: Siavenson 11-3- 
20-1; Henry 114-10% Burnett 1-0-1 -1. 
UfnpiraK J H B aia psw ia and B 

Saturday’s scores 


CANTERBURY: Kent 270 for 8 (C S 
88 ntkout O R C OwJrey BS£ 



Nortwwyffixawra 187 ea 2 overq. 
D ertty ^v e g jX s) won by 38 njng. 
Y«ffBWOd&Nottin gu Bn a nlragZ71or 
BpwRa i^ 62 not wTiBC Broad 71ft 
Vo rtMhlraa OterQjaownfl. 

TAUNTDN: Esw» 206 (DR Pftule St CH 

1 4 tor 31 % Stmsnat 7Sfor 6 (28 




cniHMic roe smoo* 

.“fK Perwxwnrt for 


* top CUy Co. Fu» mc A 
•* iwdvf. 
tnrnnA. or Mary Grown & 
A*oc. 01057 BsrrraSeCmi 

•S 1 

POM out you- «w ttkety n 

9 mm« and 
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\ - 

' ion and radio programmes SSIJj SE*" 

Be! Thora Hird 

presents another selection 
of favourite hymns. 
(Ceefax) (shown 
yasterday) 152 Regional 

155 SHgoetOn Richard 

senes with ideas for those 
who are studk indoors, is 
cartoonist m Tidy 4.10 

Adventures. Animated 
series 4.30 The Kids of 
Degress) Street 
Adventures of a group of 
children who live on a 
Toronto thoroughfare. 

4-55 John Craven's 

Newsreund 5.05 Blue 
Peter includes a profile of 
nine-year old Ctedrellshe 
who won the Saturday 
Superstore’s Search for; 

100 News with Sue Lawtey and 
Nicholas MfltchelL 

135 London Plus. 

Thames news headlines. 

9-30 For Schools the life cycle 
of the Cuckoo 547 A visit 
to a farm museum &59 
The fujman reproductive 
system itLlBTKe fife of 
worKers Hying on 6)8 
Wongoftart border 1tt38 
- The nature of success in 
toe United States 11.03 
Portugal's three main 
products - wine, cork and 
sardines 11.22 Junior 
maths: targe numbers - 
11.39 The life of a Parisian 

12JM TOdeonthsTtiRfcVBtege 
tales for the very young 
1Z.10 Lara Pretend to the 
story. Don't Wake the 

12JI0 Baby and Go, presented 

by Miriam Stoppard This 
week's edition examines 
■ venous stages of ch«d 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thanes news 
presented by John 

1.00 rant BQnd Comer (1963) 
starring WflBam Sylvester, 

•• Barbara SheBey and 
Bizabath Shepherd A 
b&nd composer's life is in 
danger. But from whom? 
Directed by Lance 
Comfort -• 


BtrmtngKam. 3-25 Thames 
news headlines 13Q The 
Younc Do c tor s . 

400 Tickfe on the Tom. A 
repeat of the propamine 
shown at noon 4.10 The 
Blunders. Animated 
adventures of an accident- 
prone family. 4-20 He-Man 
• and Masters of the 
UnJvwse 4.45 The Uttle 
Vampire. The first of a 
new sedes of tales based 
on tie stories of Angela 
Sommer-Bodenburg. '■ 

•sqgm. science and 

SEX (17V, 10 30pm) , a stimulating 
art exercise in third 
is nett etriody correct in 
* iat toe doctors. 

-te wytesa nd Bctentete 
contribute their 

heir horseshoe 

aro kept then- 
private unffl now. You 
“ eedtobeanaqaertbi 

fertteaHon, or 

' surrogacy, or 
— — ngnJze that much of 


. night arid Wednesday 

have heard, or read 

store-What gives the 

a degree of 
hat Granada TV grffls 
experts by re-adopting 
fermat of Moderator and 
' Torrightthe 
. Robertson, and the 


hypotheses include toe theft of a 

suttan’s e mb ryonic 
p rt nceBngs In awr laboratory 
test-tubes, and the 
inheritance di le mma caused by 
Vie fatty knocking down by a 
strike-breaking print tony of a 
newspaper tycoon fltiniy 
disguised by the sobriquet Sir 
Rupert Beavsrwefl. Mr 
Robertson is an actor manque, 
constantly on the prowl, 
drawing hypotoeteai fire- 
crackers out of the air as if he 
has fust thought of them and 
tossing them at his victims 

when they toast expect them. 

•Best of tee rest on TV: A 

S£atid8£ flSSSnStt*' ^ 

Perrin (BBC1. 9.00{»n)on a night 

6»t bedty needs some 
mteHigem comedy, and a repeat 
screening of Nick Handtes^ 
essay about the traumatic effects 
or moving house in Jiwt 


•Radio choice: Rib Davis s 
ptey Dust (Radio 4, 8.15pm), 
whfc h achieves the near- 
jnpossibte by finding something 
human and dramatic tn say 
about the world of refuse 
collection (afoeit at the 
shadier end of the game): and 
John Theocharis's 
production of Invisible as Music 
(Radio 3, 9.30pm), a 
beautifully sculpted anthology (bv 
Pater Drcnnson l who also 
gays toe old plano)of BnBy 
Dickinson verse and letters. 

All beautifufiy read by Helen 

Peter Davalle 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. For VHF 

variations, see end of Radio a 
ass weather. 7X0 News 
7X5 Morning Concert Delius 

the Mike 

1035 Respighi and Ns 

(A song before 
sunrise).Purc8ll (Coronation 
anthem. My Hean is 
trKbtmg: Chow of Christ 
Churcn Cathedral. 

Oxford), Brahms (Serenade 
in A. Op 76). &X0 News 
8X5 COjO c enfcontd): 

TaiBeterra (Concertino: 
Zabaieta, harp). Byrd ( O 
Mistris Myna Pa van and 

Vaughan Wffiams (Ftors 
campi: Rkkfie, viola with 
Bournemouth Sinfometta 
and Chain. 9.00 News 
9-05 This Week’s Composer 
Hummel Recordings of 
toe Violin Sonata in D. Op 50 
: Holmes and Burnett; Zur 
Logenteier Fischer- 
Dieskau Jaritone: Septet 
in D, Op 74. 

10X0 Las marfes dels tour 
Eiffel: with muffle by 
Milhaud. Auric. Poulenc and 
Taiitetarre (PMhafmonte 
under Simon) 

1025 Songs by Liszt and Cue 
Stephen Varcoe 


Radio 4 

sdvance guard and 66a to 
followed by toe fafl of 
Cologne, Essen and 

0 The Late, Late Show. Gay 
Byrne’s fivaiy chat and 
music show from DubUn. 

0 Hands. The first of a 
repeat series about 

. traditional Irish crafts. 
Today's programme, 
about traditional wool 
spinners, begins at toe 
autumn sheep fair in 

Carrrck, Co. Donegal. 

Q Countdown. The reigning 
champion, JN Campbell, is 
chetengad tv Londoner, 
John Diamond. 

3 ABea-Joienefuffife a Ma- 
king ambition when she 
gets a week-end Job as an 
wWfijght attendant 
Unfortunately, she Es 
terrified of flying. 

1 Let's Partaz Frangtato. Le 
PregrancyTSst finds 
parents, Peter Jeffrey and 
Rosemary Leach, shocked 
by an announceme nt from 
toefr 16-year old daughter, 
Yvette Ftekfinm in Aux 
Races punter Francis 
Matthews and his wife 
fisten to toe c o mment ar y 
of Peter O’Sutevan; Le 
Dry Cleaning stars Janet 
Suzman as a custom or 
Dying to reclaim her 
clothes from assistant 

role of a Stock Car racer 
who is in trouble with toe 
Inland Revenue. 

7.30 Cartoon TWO. The' Three 

5.15 bfffrentStrokes. 

American comedy series- 

545 News 6XQ Thames news. 

525 fMpf VfvTayiorGeewfto 
newsofanorgsiteatian - 
that befriends . 
handicapped children: and 
details oflhfs summer's 
Caribbean cultural events 
in the capital. 

6-35 Crossroads. Anne-Marie . 
tries to patch things up - 
with Roy. . 

7JJ0 Nature Watch. Julian 
Pettiter is w6h Sotarnan 
OtoSafoufitoe Masai 
conservator of the . 
N^sorigoro Crater fn 
. Tanzania. (Oracle) 

730 ga w aMa n StreeL Susan 
• • gets the pre-wedding 

On tom wavs. VHF variations at end 

of Radio 4 Jisdogs. 

5-55 Shipping Forecast 6X0 
News Briefing: Weather. 
6.TOFfflmirw W&ek. An 
interview wim a leacter of 
toe agricultural industry, 
fotowed by s five-day 
weather forecasttor 
farmers. 825 Prayer For 
The Day (s) 

830 Today, tna 630, 7 JO. 

830, News Summary. 

6.15 Business News 6U55L 
755 Weather 7Xa 630. 
News 7.25, *25 Sport 7-45 
Thought tor the Day 
835 The Week On <. 

about a man, dead ten 

8j90 wmrs My line? Ernie 
. WhM,JUy Cooper, 
Barbara Kelly andGeor 
gate try to guess the od 
occupations. • 

830 WtortdHrAcfiOfc 
BuBdazingBrftafii. A 


9.00 The jBw ea ney . Jack 
Regan runs intotfdifole 
when an old allegation of 
pofice corruption is re- . 
opened, (ri 

10.00 NawsatTenandweatoer, 
followed by Thames news 
headfines. : • • 

1&30 Soci^^enca and Sex. 

1130 T err The Big Chance* > 
(1957) starring Adrienne . 
Cwri and VWffiam Russel 
A fravei agent’s clerk, tired. 
.. of hte marriage and Ws 
humdrum existence, 
hatches a ptot to switch ' 
identities wfih one of his 
customers. Directed by 
Peter Graham Scott • 

1235 MgM Thoughts. 

Jim Gould, 

Biology at Princeton 
University. who argues 
that we are wrong to rate 
animals’ inteffigerca by 
flow well they perform 
human tasks. 

SLOO The Fafl and Rise of 

has returned to the 
' • ■ fasold friend M ar tin- 
- Wefflxwma, married Ms 
widow, and Joined 
SimsMnff Desserts, (r) . . 
930 Naked Video. The first of 
a news series of off-beat 
comedy sketches storing, 
among otoer&r Ron Bain , 
.. and Jonathan Watson.. ;y 
(C eefax) . 

.1030 Just Another Day, and 
Just another repeat, ties 

5-45 An Bigfishman's Home. 
M Cochrane is with Lord 
Oe Lisle at his home, 
Ponshurst Place. (Oracle) 
9 The Mart ra ii ng Mix. Part 
four of toe Senes on 
marketing examfites the 
successor toe Next chain 
of stress. (Oracle) 

) Channel Four news. 

I Comment With Ms slews 
on a topical matter is Dr 
Denis MacEoin, a lecturer 
in Arabic and Irtsmic 
stutfies. Weather. - 
I Breofc sI ds.PadlCoMns 
receives a dtotoassing 
telephone caO at the office 
that racficafiy changes his 

^ Katoand ABa. Comedy - 
series about two 
efivorcees who decide to 
pool resources and tace 
stogie pa rertoxxto 
together. Stamrw Susan 
Suit James andJane 

St Ssawhere. This week. 
The nurses go on sbfice; 
and Dr Craig decides to 
steep stone rather than 
face his sexual problems 
with his wife. 

The Inner Eye. This final 
programme of the series 
examines toe dark aide of 
human nature aid 
documents whta has 
happened over the 
centuries from the 

Fart The AngaBe 
Conversation (1985) A 
setting of Shakespeare'S 
sonnets read by Jutfi 
Dench end ifiustrated by 
original music from Coe 
and music by Benjamin 
Britten. Directed by Derek 

Their LordSMps' Hoosa. 
Htghfights of toe day's 
proceed^ train toe House 
of Lords. Ends at 1230. 

843 John Ebdon finks 

reconfirms from the BBC 
Sound Archives. 837 
weatoen Travel 
9X0 News 

9X5 Start The week with 
Richard Baker (8) 

18X0 News; Money Box. 

Ftoandal advice from 
Louise Sotting and other 

1030 Momtog Story. A Day by 
fits Sea with Mr Shukry, 
^Mto wejWherty.Readby 

1045 Daily Serwce (new every 


Tales Of The Raj. 

Rosftao Seth on what the 
i bxaanstoougreofttie 

British and toeir legacies (3), 
The Language of notest 

1133 Si Being A Judge. 

Judge James radas 
argues teat heavy se n tences 
can deter offenders. 

12X0 News; You and Yours. 
Comuner advice, with 

1237 The Sw Who Came tn 
- Rom The Cold, by John 
: Le Cairt, with Cctti Blakely 
as Leamas in part 3 of a 
six-part dramatization by 
Rene BasSco(e) 1235 

1X0 The World At One: News 
140 The Archers. 135 
„ Shipping Forecast 
2X0 News; Woman’s Hour, 
tedudes the final 
instalment of Maureen 
Upmwi’s How Was It For 
You? reed by toe author. 

3X0 News: The Afternoon 

Friday night's etStfon of the 
arts magazine- Includes 
comment on Two Noble 
Kinsmen, at the Swan, 
Stratford upon Avon, and 
Love Lenars at the (CA 
5X0 PM: News magazine. 

530 Stepping ftxacasL 
535 Weather 

6X0 News; Financial Report 
630 Questions of Taste. 

Panel game on food and 
drink, with Paul Levy, Oz 
Clarke. Denise Coffey, 
and Russel Davies (r) (s) 
7X0 News 
7X5 The Archers 
730 On Your Farm 
745 Science Now. Georgina 
Ferry reviews 

discoveries and 


8.15 The Monday Play. Dust, 
by Rto Davis. Wito Bryan 
Marshall and FTetfl- 
ChandtorJJrama. with a 
refuse collection theme 
935 The Last Match. The 
Story of Jane Wenham, a 
Hernordshire woman who, in 
1 736. was the last victim 
of the penal laws against 
witches. Written by 

945 Kaleidoscope. Indudes 
comment on Munrtoo 
Jumbo at the Manchester 
Royal Exchange and the 
Cannes Fim Festival. 

10-15 A Book At Bedtime: The 
Love Child by Edith 
Olivier read in five parts (1L 
The reader is Lynn 
Fartegh. 1039 Weather 

1030 The Wortd Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today In Pariament 

12X0 News; Weather. 1233 
Shipping Forecast 

Caseda's Barcarolle, 
Mattpsero’s Barium, Nos 3 
and 4. and Casefta's 
Sonatina. 1916 

1137 News. 12.00 Ctosedomi. 
VHB Open Umvarsity. 
From 635am to 635. 
Education buBatin. 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. Sea Radio 1 
lor VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headtines 
530am, 630. 730 and 830. Sports 
Desks 1.05pm, 2X2, 3X2, 4X2/ 
5.05. 6X2. 6.45 (mf only), 935. 
Cricket Scoreboard 730pm. 

4.00am Charles Nove (s) 530 
Ray Moore (s) 730 Derek Jameson 
(s) 9.30 Kan Bruce (s) 11-00 
Jimmy Young in Brussels. Anup- 

Commi^SnlXSM tovkl'^obs 
(s) 2X0 Gloria Hunnifbrd 330 
David Hamilton tel 5X5 John Dunn 
(s| 7.QQ Alan Deft (s) 830 

Spdal (s) 9X0 Humphrey 

ton with Jazz on record (s) 

(piano). Cul 

settings of A K Tolstoy, and 
Liszt settings of Hugo 

11.00 New Stocktolm 
Chamber Orchestra 
(under Anthony PowersLPart 
one. Nielsen (Utile Suite) 
and Powers (Music for 

1145 Portrait of John 

Drinkwaten with DavkJ 
Briertey es Dmkwater. 
Compted by Michaei 

12X5 Concertparttwo. 

Lidhokn (Music for 

935 Sports Desk 10X0 The 
Monday Movie Hour. Jane 
Rusaetf recalls highltoMs from her 
favourite fikns and, m 10.30, 

Star Sound. Listeners requests. 
11X0 Brian Matthews presents 
Rotmd Midnight (stereo from 
midnijton 1.00am p«er Dickson 
(s) 3J»-4X0 A Uttte Night Music 

Radb 1 

(Veridarte Nacht). 1X0 

1X5 Concert: Arto Noras 
(ceUojDavld Jofms 
((Xano)-Kodafy (Sonata for 

12X0 News; Weather. 1233 
Shipping Forecast 
VHF (available in England and 
S Wales orty) as above 
except 53£€X0atD Weal 
Travel. 11X0-12X0 For 
Schools: TtXO Opus (s) 
Composing the Music 
1130 Let’s Move (s) More 

Jenny Funnefl and Shaun 

Normandy family found a 
perfect husband for a 

439 Kaleidoscope. Another 
chance to hear last 

except 535«X0am Weather; 
Travel. 11X0-12X0 For 
Schools: HX0 Opus (s) 
Composing the Music 
1130 Let’s Move (s) More 
Rm at the Fair 1 1 .40 Word 
Games 1130 Poetry Comer. 
135-3X0pm For Schools: 
135 Listening Comer 2X5 
Ptaytkne. Marne Play: 

Sizes 230 Introduce 
Science. Useful Ptants 
240 Introducing Science 
Extra. Junior Electronic s . 
530-535 PM (continued). 
1130-12-IOam Open 
University: 1130 The Shape 
of Phitosophy. 1130 
Diderot and Pleasure. 1230- 
1.10 Schools Night-Time 
Broadcasting: 1230 Halkri 
WteOTht s?(l *2). 1X0 
Graded Objectives: German. 
Levels 3 and 4 

minor. Op 5 No 2) 

2X0 Music Weekly: indudes 
an interview with the 
vioflnist Nigel Kennedy, and 
Anthony Beaurnom on 
toe Busoni opera Dr Faust (r) 

245 New Records: 

Tchaikovsky! Francesca 
da Rimini: Berlin PO), Dvorak 
(Requtom.Op 89: Czech 
PO wito soloists inducing 
Fassbaender). 435 News 
5X0 Mainly for Pleasure: 
recorded music 
satectonpresented by Brian 

630 Organ music: Stuart 
Campbell in Glasgow 
University Concert HaJL 
Works by Boyce. 

Handel,, Mendelssohn 
(Andante with Variations) 
.Waftam RusseU and Samuel 

7X0 Interpretations on 
Record: Julian Budden 
analyses various recordings VerdL 
Includes toe performances 
of Vickers and MartineHl 
8X0 Milwaukee SO (under 
Lukas Foss). Indudes his 
arrangement of Gabriel's 
Three sacred 

symphonies, and works by 
Been (Brandenburg No 

On medkim wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on toe half hour firm 
530am until 930pm and at 12X0 
midnight Action Special 
buUebns offer advice and tips far 
those who are on toe dole at 
830am, 1049. 130pm. 439,445, 

530am Adrian John 7X0 Mike 
Smtth’s Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1230pm 
Newsbeet (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gary Davies 300 Steve Wright 
530 Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 
5.45 Bruno Cookes 730 

JteBce Long 10X0-12X0 John Peel 
(S) VHF RADIOS 1 6 2> 4X0am 
As Radio 2. iQXOpm As Radio 1. - 
12XP-4X0am AsRadtog. 


4)xnd Hindemith (Lehrstu 
with Wisconsin 
Consenratory Chorus) 
930 Invisible as Music: Emily 
Dickinson anthology (see 

10X0 Jazz Today: Charles Fox 

6X0 Newsdssk 630 Listen to what tfw 
Man Says 7X0 News 7X9 Twenty-Fn* 
hows 730 Sarah and Company 8X0 
News 8X9 RadBCtions 6.15 Tre Heat of 
tea ttey &30 Anything Gore 9X0 News 
9X9 Review of the Brttoti Pirns 9.15 
Good Books 9X0 RnandaJ News 940 
Lock Ahead ft45 Peetiles Cholca 10X0 
News 10X1 Listen to wnat the Man 

11X0 News 11X9 News Aoout E 

11.15 Trwmg tor Tomorrow 11X0 Atoum 
Tim* 1200 Radio Nawsrosi 13.15 Brain ot 
Bntam 1966 1245 Sports Roundup 1X0 
News 1X9 Twenty-Four Hours 130 
Robert Tear's Victorian Songbook 2X0 
Otftook 245 A Short Walk tetoal Hindu 
Kush 200 Radto Newsreel 215 Listen to 
what ffteMan Says 345 Whst s New 4X0 

RoukU) 7.45 Peeble s Choice 8X0 News 
8X9 Twenty-Four Hows 830 Sports 
tonmatonai 9X0 News 9X1 Network UK 


Book Choice 1330 FinreaN News W40 
Reflections 1046 Sports Roundup 11X0 
Naws 11X9 Commentary 11.15 Hmy 1 am 
an AtMst 1130 Brain of Bntam 1988 
12X0 News 12X9 News About Bntam 
1215 Radio Newsreel 1230 Sarah am 
Company 1X0 News 1X1 Oudook 130 
Short Story 1.45 Why J am an Athawt 2X0 
News 2X9 Review of the British Press 
2-lSNtfworii UK 230 Sports totonaflonti 
3X0 News 3X9 News Aba* Bmam 215 
The Wortd Today 435 Rnmroal News 
455'Rtrftactions 5X0 News 5X9 Twemy- 
Fow HOWS 5JBNew ideas. A9 tinw m 


• f; r rT- 

6X0 catondar. 6307X0 Sounds Good. 
1130 Prisoner CM Block K 
123 —i Cha adpe m . 

5.15-&45 Candid Camera. 6XP-7X0 
Naee. 1130 V. 1 2 te am Ctou edo n iL 


12X0 Schools. BXOproTXO Watos at . 

135 Hato YewaaK. 1 JMXO^c 
Wonftabon ReceNed*.330-4XC Country 
Pracece.6.T&*45 The Protectors. 

Cto. 948 r Byd Ar Bedwar. iftlO 
Owers. 1040 Queseon of Trwwig. 
12.10am Ctosadown. 


1XO-3JXJ F»n- Up 

545 Emnerdale Farm. 6XO-7X0 North 
Tors gmjl13 0ray Rfly. 1230am 

3X0 «m: Casanova’s NmM (Bob 

Itope). 6X0 News. 645-ftteCentraJ 
Post 1130 The Master. 1230am 

F»re Mam Brotners t3o Wesr. 6X0 
About Angtta. 630-7X0 Bensoa 1130 
Reticle. 1230emTebng the Tate, 

TSW ** Lohd 0 " ew»Pt 130pm 
-122* News. 1303X0 Fflm: Cteah by 
togm. 5.15 Gus Honeybun. 530-5.45 
Crossroads. 6X0 Today Souto West 
630-7X0 Emmerdaie F«m.9X0- 
10X0 Magnum. 1130 Oumcy. 123Sam 


BORDER AsLorxtonwa^ 

- IJOpmNews. 130 Ftor 
Four StdBdTnairWe. 330-4X0 Sons 
and Dm^ters. K15445 Captain's Chat- 
tetne. 6X0 Loofcaround. 63X7X0 

j£WSg£XP* m * m * 


Han to Haa 5.15-545 ScrambM 6X0- " 
7X0 Granada Reports. 1130 New 
Avengers. 1230am Ctosadown. 

scorn 5H 

130 Action Una. 135^SioOH&ir 
Short Wtik to Dayitaw.33S-4X0 Mr T. 
5.15-545 Emmantale Fann. 6X0 
News and ScoBana Today. 630-7X0 
What 1 * Your Problem? 9X0-10X0 
Magnum. 1130 Crime Desk. 1135 Cuatt 
Muh Ghakthlg - A Journey About 
BaeSc. 1140 V. 1240am Lata Cal. 

ULSTER Aa London ewapt 

■ 130pm Lunchdme. 130- 
3X0 Ran: Law and Disorder. 330- 
4X0 Sons and Dauawara. 6.18445 
Hapw Dan 6X0 Good Evening W- 
ster. oJO-jXO Lifestyle. 9X0-1&00 Mag- 
wi 1130 V. 1225am News. 


Foar wte a cc aas az3«/9 7<i 
rrm Can Mm- t day cc 
MO 7900. Eve e Frt/8M 6 a 840 


Ohvtar Award 19S4 


TfWr&nruSh K * ofc E"°5!3* m* « aao eeei stmartutsoi ase iw 6or- 

NATIONAL THEATRE Z 4 ' 9 2 99 »nr7Daycc 240 7200 rtaiCCNo. Eva* BO 

M a Mat niu 3 s»r 5 a a so Tnn2.4S.su6oaM8 0 . 

COM PANY RPTT MUSlfAl nc iob< ma f •* aoatna anun 

SN M fW Tt PtTtnzs nnOer l y oJ Tup uni iCFTTJaP 

r ----- — - QUV tPtrt.vrm.TQW/ standard Drama Awaraa I nc MUUbbtKAr 

a im rw exixum nwaa MARTIN SHAW snuuro B3& «*occ bmsiqo 

ar™. sw H 

Tun 9.06. Sal 6 0 and 8 0. 

34tt> jrr a* AOATNA OOOsnrS 


Tlrma -ffUMST D TW 
•tonaor ter i (unntoatAM letet prw 

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•AWBCffc O 01-836 4601. CC. 

87 4 6 433 Or CC. 2* Hr.' 7 Oar 200 
7900. c-p Safes 930 61 23. CvttB 
6 m. Wed maa 3A. Sat &o and OO 

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MONDAY MAY 12, 1986 



proving itself 

second to none 

By Stuart Jones, 
Football Correspondent 


It is a chilling thought that, 
but for unwittingly contribut- 
ing to their own downfall by 
scoring two own goals against 
Queen's Park Rangers in the 
Milk Cup semi-final. Liver- 
pool would have been expect- 
ed to beat Oxford United last 
month and thus achieve a 
clean sweep. Instead, after 
Saturday's 3-1 defeat of 
Everton, they had to be satis- 
fied merely with the double. 

As it is. Dalglish's first 
season in charge has been 
buried beneath an avalanche 
of honours. His team matched 
the feats of Tottenham 
Hotspur in 1961 and Arsenal 
in 1971, and he himself was 
awarded the title of manager 
of the year as well as the 
freedom of his home town of 

Providing Everton are not 
tempted to sell Lineker, the 
player of the year who took his 
total for his remarkable season 
to 40 goals, and Liverpool 
similarly retain Rush, who 
dairned’a mere 32. only a wild 
optimist would foresee the 
end of Merseyside’s crushing 
domination next season. It 
could stretch far into the 

A banner cruelly pro- 
claimed that ‘'Manchester is a 
trophy-free zone”. So. it might 
have added, is London. Yet it 
is doubtful that any two other 
city rivals would have put on a 
performance of higher quality 
on the pitch or a display of 
such warm-hearted friendli- 
ness on the terraces. 

Since the occasion was wit- 

Uverpoofs major achievements over the last 23 seasons 

Under Bill Shankly 

1963- 64 League champions 

1964- 65 FA Cup winners 

1965- 66 League champions 

European CYVC finalists 
1970-71 FA Cup finalists 
1972-73 League champions 
UEFA Cup winners 
1373-74 League runners-up 
FA Cup winners 

Under Bob Paisley 

1974- 75 

1975- 76 

1979- 80 

1980- 81 

League runners-up 
League champions 
UEFA Cup winners 

1976- 77 League champions 

FA Cup finalists 
European Cup winners 

1977- 78 League runners-up 

League Cup finalists 
European Cup winners 
Super Cup winners 

1978- 79 League champions 
Super Cup frnaftsts 
League champions 
League Cup winners 

European Cup winners 
Grobbelaar and Beglin 
emerged from their own em- 
barrassing confusion near the 
byline amid a flurry of angry 
blows and words. Liverpool 
seemingly, had not only lost 
control of their own destiny, 
they were losing their tempers 
and their dignity as well. 

But fete was to show them 
the way out of their chaos and 
to usher Kenny Dalglish up 
the steps of Wembley and into 
another page of the game's 

As if marking their territory, 
the two sides started with a 

1981- 82 League champions 

League Cup winners 
World dub finalists 

1982- 83 League champions 

League Cup winners 
Under Job Fagan 

1983- 84 League champions 

League Cup winners 
European Cup winners 

1984- 85 League runners-up 

European Cup finalists 
World dub finalists 
Under Kenny Dafgltsft 

1985- 86 League champions 

FA Ct4) winners 


Appearances Goals 

316 164 

For Liverpool 467 160 

For Scotland ..... 100 30 

For Celtic 

MAJOR HONOURS: Four Scottish 
League championships, four Scot- 
tish FA Cups, one Scottish League 
Cup. six Football League champion- 
ships, one FA Cup, four League 
Cups, three European Cups. 

nessed by an estimated audi- 
ence of 200 1 

i million in some 20 
countries across the globe, the 
behaviour of the crowd was 
crucial to the nation's reputa- 
tion that was damaged so 
severely in Brussels a year ago. 
It was appropriate the season 
of rehabilitation should dose 
as it did. 

Wembley echoed to the 
chants of “Meiseyside” (they 
might as well have been 
“EverpooP or “Liverton”). 
The red ribbons were tied to 
the FA Cup but, though 
Kendall’s men and their sup- 
porters were obliged once 
more to bow to their 
neighbours* supremacy, the 
hand of friendship was 
wrapped around the whole of 
the national stadium. 

In front of Liverpool it was 
not always so amicable. Liver- 
pool had been in an uncharac- 
teristic mess. Disjointed, 
distracted and in disarray, 
they were fighting not so much 
for supremacy over their 
neighbours but, at the height 
of their distress, they were 
seen to be scrapping with each 
other. Never before had they 
indulged in such public 

At the end of several min- 
utes of extreme discomfort 

Barcelona are being consid- 
ered to play Liverpool In the 
FA Charity Shield match at 
Wembley in August “It is a 
possibility Barcelona could 
come to Wembley, but no more 
than that at the moment” a 
spokesman for the Football 
Association said. 

The Charity Shield is usual- 
ly contested by the previous 
season’s League champions 
and FA Cup winners, but 
Liverpool’s double success 
precludes this. 

series of bone-shaking chal- 
lenges. That was predictable 

enough. That Everton should 
initially take d 

lly take charge was not so 
surprising either. The pres- 
ence of Moun (field. which had 
been in doubt assured they 
remained a settled side at full 

The absence of Gillespie, 
suffering from a debilitating 
virus and ruled out only hours 
before the kick-off, suggested 
that Liverpool might be unset- 
tled. They were. 

Grobbelaar flapped comi- 
cally at a throw- in and Nicol 
clearly baulked Sharp, but the 
error was not punished by 
Everton nor the offence by the 
referee. After Reid had offered 
Lineker a view of an open 
road over Hansen’s left shoul- 
der. Liverpool were soon 

the opposing goalkeeper and 
left back illustrated that the 
composure of Liverpool, held 
together almost single- 
handedly by Molby. had 
reached breaking point. Bum 
was Everton who were 

In confirming his accuracy 
as a striker. Rush not only 
turned the final upside down 
and won the trophy that had 
eluded Liverpool for a dozen 
years. He also claimed the 
right to enter the land of 
legendary predators, a place 
reserved for the likes of 
Greaves, Law and Best over 
the last three decades. Once 
Molby had encouraged him to 
slip past Mimms and roll in 
Liverpool’s equalizer, the 
odds were equally high that 
they would become tire third 
dub this century to complete 
the double. 

Rush has scored in 121 of 
Liverpool's fixtures so far and 
they have yet to lose any of 
them. Indeed, they have 
drawn only 19. 

Molby, the most consistent 
individual throughout the af- 
ternoon, designed the second 
goal for Johnston and the 
third, with the assistance of 
Whelan, for Rush. That the 
Welshman should finish an- 
other of his explosive breaks 
with a disappointingly soft 
chip was unusually merciful. 

Howard Kendall’s side have 
ended their domestic pro- 
gramme with two medals and 
are sure to collect another 
whenever the final of the 
Screen Sport Super Cup is 
eventually staged. Their oppo- 
nents happen to be LiverpooL 

LIVERPOOL: B Grobtntaan S MchoL J 
Beglin. M Lawransaa R Whebn. A 

Hansen. K Dajqhsh, C Johnston. I Rush. J 

Moby, K MacDonald 

EVERTON: R Minims: G Stevens (sub: A 

Heath). P van den Hauws, K Raidiffe, □ 
Mountflam P Reid. T Steven. G Lineker, G 
straip. P BracOWriL K Shandy. 

Referee: A Robinson (Portsmouth). 


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Top riders 

royal show 

By Jenny MacArthur 

Harvey Smith, Nick Skel- 
ton and Malcolm Pyrah were 
among several top show- 
jumpers who refused to com- 
pete in yesterday's Toshiba 
Grand Prist at the Royal 
Windsor Horse Show after 
complaining that the ground in 
the mam arena was too hard. 

Smith, speaking on behalf 
of the riders at a vociferous 
meeting with the show com- 
mittee's representative, Joe 
Moore, said they had asked 
the organizers “several times” 
since the start of the show on 
Thursday for the main arena 
to be watered, but nothing had 
happened. “If yon provided 
grounds like this at Windsor 
racecourse yon wouldn't race 
on it, would yon?” Smith 
asked. He was supported by 
afl the top riders at the show, 
most notably by Pyrah who 
palled out of Thursday's jump- 
off because of the ground and 
by Skelton, who had not 
jumped his top horse. Raffles 
St James, all week because of 
the ground. 

Moore, speaking for the 
committee, said that the first 
request the show had had to 
water the ground was on 
Saturday night when, in addi- 
tion to the riders. Colonel 
Philip Drew, the chief judge, 
had asked for it to be watered. 
After inspecting the ground on 
Saturday night the committee 

decided against watering. “It 

would have turned the arena 
into a skating rink," 
Moore said. 

Pyrah said they were not 
getting at Windsor in particu- 
lar. “Fifty per cent of 
showgrounds are worrying afl 
the tune about the bars, the 
stands and the gat* — tire l° c t 
thing they seem to be thinking 
of is the horses.” 

Show report, page 29 




Was this really _ 
year on from Brusseb? l, 
paradox of the English 
E n g li sh .people, was pm. 
sorted- vm television to ibem 
of the; world, this intense)* : 
emotional yet spotting scenes 
Wembley sumwadiaga ne&. 
oraMy. eventful amid exdtim 

final -• r 

However, the borderline fa* 
tween rationality . und nmtfir 
between passionate yet re*. 

ly narrow, as we have seea tW 
season , at AnfieM when 
visitors -were Manchester 
United aBd mad-eyed vi ‘ 
was mooched at even Sh- ] 

v... ■ 

Twice Sheedy almost put 
Everton further ahead before 

Out on his own: Kenny Dalglish breaks dear of the field at Wembley (Photograph: C&ris Cole) 

Aberdeen’s finishing chills Depleted 

the Hearts of Midlothian Welsh 

By Hugh Taylor 

are beaten 

Aberdeen won the Scottish 
Cup at Hampden Park be- 
cause they operated with the 
chilling efficiency and devas- 
tating finishing which has 
made them Scotland's most 
successful team of the 1980s. 

Their 3-0 win against Heart 
of Midlothian on Saturday 
gave them the trophy for the 
fourth time in five years. 
Drawing on their vast experi- 
ence of the big event, and 
playing with an authoritative 
approach, they won, despite 
Hearts's agression, with the 
same facility shown in dispos- 
ing of the other Edinburgh 
club, Hibernian, in the Skol 

No one in the crowd of 
62,841 would disagree with 
Alex Ferguson, the Aberdeen 
manager, when he said after- 
wards: “On this form I doubt 
that any team could beat 
Aberdeen in a cup final” 
Then he paid tribute to Hearts 
by saying: “I am as disap- 
pointed as anyone that they 
foiled to get anything out of it, 
and no matter what we 
achieved the season belongs to 

Yet, what promised to be 
the most glorious period in 
Hearts's long history ended on 
the sourest of notes. Despite a 
gallant fight, there were signs, 
m a hesitant defence and the 
unusual failure to seize two 
fine chances, that they had not 
recovered from the previous 
week's heartache, when the 
league championship was 
snatched from their grasp. 

even greater 

things next 

Nor did Hearts lose grace- 
fully. Their captain, Kidd, 
became only the third player 
to be ordered off in a Scottish 
Cup finaL This was for an act 
of folly when, after having 
been cautioned earlier, he 
.threw the ball at an opponent 
Hearts also had three other 
players booked which means 
they have to pay a fine of 
£3,-750 out of the £7,500 they 
collect as runners-up. Not- 
withstanding; Alex MacDon- 
ald, their manager, said: “The 
3-0 defeat is not as bad as it 
sounds. 1 thought we made a 
final of it and 1 am proud of 
the way we played this season. 
As we are now in the UEFA 
Cup I believe we can go on to 

They have a long way to go 
before they can equal the 
professionalism of Aberdeen, 
who may not be the country’s 
best loved team but who again 
showed why they are so 
respected by the greatest dubs 
in Europe. 

Their match winners were 
Hewitt, a deadly sharp shooter 
who scored two goals and 
became the man of the match 
for the seventh time in aqj- 
ties this season, and Weir, a 
sometimes unpredictable 
winger who came back to his 
best to bewilder the Hearts's 
defence. Stark was the other 
Aberdeen marksman, scoring 
the third goal with a spectacu- 
lar diving header. . 

Montreal (Reuter) -Wales, 
playing without their prolific, 
striker fen Rush, and missing 
defenders Kevin Ratdiffe and 
Pat Van den Hau we— all three 
of whom were engaged on 
othen business at Wembley — 
were beaten 2-0 here on 
Saturday by Canada, who are 
warming up for the -World 
Cup finals. It was Canada's 
first victory in five' interna- 
tional matches this year. 

The Welsh, who foiled to 

Some of that venom, n it 
. hare bees fuelled Jay 
: Atfeinsofl's-irrespoasihle (££ 
nren^ routings in the tifeog 
press hai the truth- js that 
Engfish terraces- are not -jet 
free of weeds, for aUifaegferv 
of a May Saturday in London 
which was as much a national 
celebration as a Mhy Wednes- 
day ayear ago wife a. national 
disgrace. UEFA axe'; right fe 
remain, asyet cantinas. .T. 

What Liverpool;; add 
Everton did; -on this theatrical 
occasion was to reconfirm tittf 
football played in die right 
spirit is rtffl'acangralsireafal 
honorable Spectacle for n0> 
tionsof ordinary people yearn- 
ing for glamoor, not 
aggression, in their otherwise 
unexceptional lives: 

V i 




L. -.T 

boys in Hue 


make the finals, were missing 
nine. . regular international 
players in 

regular internatioi 
alL Canada's 
:taoslovak-born striker 
Vrablie opened the scoring in 
the 34th minute, and Gray 
made it 2-0 10 minutes later. 

ABERDEEN: J Leighton: S 
McKimmie, T McQueen, J 
McMaster (sub: W Stark), A 
MdLeish, W Miller, J Hewitt (sub: J 
Miner), N Cooper, F McOougafl. J 


HEARTS: H Smith; W 
Whittaker, A Jardine, N 
Levein, J Ccdquhoua K 
Clark, G Mackay, J Robertson. 
Referee: H Alexander (KHmamock) 

CANADA: Dolan; MBer, WHaon. 
Lowery, Ragan, Samuel, ion. Gray, 
Vrablic, - Jones, Mtfcbefl {sub: 
Pakos)- • • 

WALES: A Norman (Hu R City) (site 
A DfoWa, Sunderiamfr R James 
(Queen's Park Rangers); M Stouter 
(Oxford United) stte M Bowen 
(Tottenham Hotspur); K Jacket! 
(Watford), J Jones (Huddersft W); D 
WHfiaow (Norwich City); S Lowndes 
(MfflwaB); P ftichotas (Luton Townt 
D Saunders (Brighton); ft 
AiziewOod (Chariton Athletic); M 
Alton. (Watford)- (site S Lovett, 


How are the Wimbledon 

By Rex Bellamy, Tennis Corespondent 

Britain's modest challenge 
for Wimbledon's hundredth 
men's singles championship 
may be unusually restricted. 
Players whose world rankings 
are not good enough to get 
them straight into the draw 
must either qualify or apply 
for one of the eight places 
reserved for wild cards: that is, 
players invited at the discre- 
tion of the tournament com- 
mittee. This year the domestic 
claim to wild cards will have 
strong competition. 

The point is that, for a 
variety of reasons, some for- 
merly distinguished Wimble- 
don competitors have plunged 
down the rankings, but may 
reasonably hope for wild 
cards. Among them are Pat 
Cash, Vitas Gerulaitis, Chris 
Lewis and Peter McNamara. 
“So many good players have 
slipped out of our direct 
acceptances that the wild card 

situation will be a lot more 
difficult this year ” Alan Mills, 
the Wimbledon referee, said. 

He added that John 
McEnroe (“if he hasn’t 
entered”) may also make a late 
decision to emerge from tem- 
porary retirement and ask for 
a wild card. Entries close 

All this must be a sot 
thought for the six 
players and the rest of the 16- 
man field in the satellite 
“Masters” tournament that 
will begin tomorrow at Lee- 
on-Solent. The women have a 
draw of 32 but there is no 
place in it for Natalie Zvereva, 
aged 15, of Minsk, the unlikely 
heroine of a five-week Lawn 
Tennis Association circuit 
that is approaching its modest 

The inflexible uniformity of 
modern tournament regula- 
tions insists that because she 

is too much of a newcomer to 
have a world ranking. Miss 
Zvereva could- not even be 
sure of a plats in the qualify- 
ing competition. So she has 
dropped out of the cast and 
gone home to school. These 
days- tournament organizers 
have little scope for applying 
common sense in the public 

Miss Zvereva has played in 
the last three events on the 
circuit. She qualified at 
Queen's Cub and reached the 
semi-finals. She qualified at 
Sutton . and was runner-up. 
She was granted a wild card at 
Bournemouth and beat 
Kuniikq Okamoto, of Osaka 
by 6-2, 4-6, 7-5 in Saturday's 
finaL Her -earlier victims at 
Bournemouth Included the 
Queen’s Cub and Sutton 

Miss Zvereva came within 
minutes of disqualification 

last Saturday. The language 
barrier led to a misunder- 
standing about the order of 
play and Miss Okamoto. cour- 
teously waiving the right to a 
walkover, waited half an hour 
for the innocently tardy Rus- 
sian to turn up. That left the 
decision to Mills, the referee, 
who did .the decent thing but 
could not hang about for ever. 
Just in time. Miss Zvereva let 
him off the book. 

The men's winner was De- 
nys Maasdorp. aged 22. of 
Port Elizabeth, otherwise 
known as “The Gorilla”, who 
beat Thierry Pham, of France 
by 6-4, -7-5. Maasdorp has 
been a consistently tough 
competitor in singles and 
doubles.. In the past, four 
weeks the; only player to stop 
him short of the singles semi- 
finals has been Andrew Castle, 
of Taunton, who has won 
£1,080 Lendl beaten, page' 29 



Rick Mears has added to his 
collection of Indianapolis 500 
records by driving the four 
fastest official laps in the 
history of the event, to earn 
pole position for the race on 
May 25. 

Mears, winner of the race in 
1979 and 1984. set a record in 
his March-Cosworth car with 
a speed of 2 17.581 mphonhis 
first qualification lap and took 
the pole with a four-lap record 
average of 216.828 mph. Af- 
terwards Mears said: “ It 
doesn’t mean that much, but it 
is good for the safety factor of 
being up front in case some- 
thing happens.” 

Monaco grand prix, page 30 

Called up 

Mexico City (Reuter) — 

Brazil have called up Josi Mar, 
the Botafogo defender, as a 
last-minute replacement for 
Leandro, who pulled out of 
their World Cup squad last 
week. Leandro cited personal 
problems for his derision. Kit 
Brazilian pressmen, with the 
squad at their Mexican head- 
quarters in Toluca, 30 miles 
west of Mexico City, said they 
felt he was angry at the 
dropping of his friend Renaio 
from the squad. 

PSV clinch it 

PSV Eindhoven clinched 
the Dutch football league title 
for the eighth time at the 
weekend with a crushing 8-2 
home victory over Go Ahead 
Eagles, of Devemer. Leaders 
since early in the season, they 
finally put the title beyond the 
reach of Ajax Amsterdam, 
their nearest rivals, and 
booked a place in next 
season’s .European Cup with 
two matches still to play. 

Stefan Edberg (above),. of 
Sweden, trounced his compa- 
triot and five-times Wtmble- 
don champion Bjorn Bora in 
the final yesterday of a 
$200,000 invitation tennis 
tournament in Osaka, Japan. 
Ranked sixth in. die world, 
Edberg beat Borg (who retired , 
from serious competition three 
years ago) 6-3, 6-4 in 62 

Martina Navratilqya,^ "the'.' 
world Nowl beat fellow Ameri-- 
can Bonnie Gadosek, the sec- 
ond seed, 6-4 6-0 in . the 
women's singles finaL 


John* Deafi5n, _ the Ports- 
mouth chairman, has ended 
speculation about the future of 
Alan Ball as the club's manag- 
er, by extending his contract 
by a year. 

Deacon . refused , to blame - 
Ball for the club's failure to 
gain promotion to. the first 
division for the . second 


Steve Kenyon, the Salford. 
Harriers- runner, prepared for 
the defence of his GreatNorth 
Run title on June 8 in the best 
possible way with victory in 
the Pearl Assurance Liverpool . 

Kenyon, always.- with. -the 
leading, pack, moved .away 
after seven miles to .come, 
home in 63mm 41sec 


Millar is still 
in contention 
after mishap 

From John WHcockson . 

Puerto Real 

Robert Millar is still con- 
vinced he can win the Tour of 
Spain despite a puncture on 
the. 143-mile i 9th stage yester- 
day. After only nine miles the 
bunch split, with Pino and 
Sean Kelly fu the from group 
while . Millar was back in the 
main pack of80 
. “The team raced, brilliantly 
today” Millar said. “They 
pulled the lead back from 50 
seconds to about 35 when I 

Although the team fought 
back again if was left to Jesus 
Blanco- Vilar, of Spain, to 
oulsprint Charles Motteu .of 
France, to win the stage.' 

i (SS t® 

C Mattel {F\% 3. (Gaston; 4; E Aia; 5* 
C Hemdes^6. F Yanaz, ail same 
Wna; 7, G Vefetectaten (Nath), at 
3s«s 8, P Rotesomter (Fir). Saec; 9, J 
Redo, 5836c; 10, M Gomez (Fr), 
SSsec. others: 15, S KeBy(lre), Imin 

Overafl pcwttionftr 1, a Pino. 89hr 
42rnin 25sac; 2, R Milter IG B). at 
33sec; 3; Kefly, 4^.4/* btetaem 
(WG), 5:5; 5. M Leiarreta Brmn 7secr 
iF Ffcn-a (CW),.6frth 15a«r,;7, P 
Rub-Catestano. Onto Slsec; $ L 
Rgnon (Fra), 7min 22&ec;'9. A 
Fiwrte ^7 t riln jt sec 10, P Deigado 

Oae T s heart went oat to the 
Everton supporter, never nind 
thefeQyof bis sbsmd expecta- 
tion, pleading with a po&e* 
man outside a taritstile togfre 
admission to him and his too 
young sons, almost invisilifc 
under their btoe camouflage, 
©n a single ticket “Jost he 
reasonable,” he vaisSS 
entreated. \ 

y I don't know which of them 
eventually used - the ticket to 
witness thdr team's crashing 
reversal but the otter too 
certainly missed one of the 
best totals since 
1962 between Tottenham and 
Burnley when Tottenham wee 
by the same score, with Bara* 
ley threatening to ame from 
behind.;..; .... 

We seldom have to pot final, 
as we did on Saturday, the. two 
teams widely acknoitiedgedto 
be the best En the League, h 
1962 Spars and Burnley were 
second and third behi nd fa 
burglars from Ipswich, Ban- 
ley having been on coarse for 

.■H ' ‘ 

12 -*- • 


yi - 

:<:s ' 



the doable and Spurs 

treble, losmg an heroic El 
pean Cup - semi-final Jo 
Benfica. • 

Bnnriey, with five thriffiag 
craftsmen in Mcilrey, 
Adamson, Connefly, Pornter 
and Harris, Hte Everton woe 

sank by goals early and late m 
the second half, though 
Greaves had set Spurs on the 
road to victory after only three 
minutes with a goal of the 
same calm certsdnty as the too 
by Rush. - 

u ■ 

Quality of Mersey 
losers quantified ; 

There was mud) about these 
finals 24 years 'apart, 
than Greaves- ami Rnsh, *Jt 
was similar, especially tte 
quality of the taters, who fix 
much of the time were better 
on the day, . directed from 
midfield': by Reid and 
Bracewell with tire composure 
of MdOroy and Adamson. . 

It has always been Me of 
few -fruitful policies over- the 
years against Liverpool to Sb^# 
attack the centre of tbefr ft.*. ■- 


V*8 fpy» 


square back line. Everton dH 
so on this occasion, 

Hansen a frightening boor „ 
none of as believed, with, the 
Keatonesqoe Grobbelaar and 
Beglin arguing like kids fo* 

yard, that Li' 

could survive. Certainly at 
moment Liverpool were notes 
Dalglish would dflim later, fite 
best team he bas played for. J _ 

What turned the match, to 

my opinion, was not so maefa 
the transparent bat ignores 
penalty when Nicol flattens 
Sharp, nor Stevens's error 
which led to Liverpool's criti- 
cal equalizer. It was the p re* 
ence of mind, the uncanny eye 
and judgement ofMoIby. ; 

Though of .nradt sturdtef 
bn3d, he has the same shah 
fling ran as had Blandiflowef, 
an hhpressaja that often he's 
abort to lose the tell 


i <*'• 


ft with the 

dfetinp ris h es hhn, 

Liverpoors achievement ishfe 
rare vision. When Sieve® 
made his error ft still had iOj# 
exploited. The arrows te* 
were driven into E«r«J 
wilting body were sbot -w 
-Molby as-mnehas-by Bnsfi. v 
Jit can- pfey -with -the 
perception i 
m onth Denmark 
ever are going to: