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ByAulliwijBCTins, PoHtkal Correspo m ha U 

■ The divisions within the 
Conservative Party, publicly 
exposed, on Sunday by Mr 
J ohn B iffin, Leader of the. 
Commons, widened yesterday 
as the Prime Minister, 
Downing Street and the whips 
attempted to counter the pub- 
lic impression of disarray. 

Mrs Thatcher told the Com- 
mons that her “balanced- 
team” bad already won two 
.demons and hoped lor a 
“third, return ticket” on 
present policies and shesaid 
of Mr Bmen*s- weekend televi- 
sion interview; • 

“Heriid in fect make many, 
many robust political points 
on Sunday with which I 
wholly agree. 


said (hat she had been dis- 
tressed by some of his re- 
marks, presumably those 
made about the leadership. 

Some Government maps 
accused Mr Biffen of saying 
nothing of substance and of 
'simply attempting to stir up. 

That exercise, taken with 
Downing Street vilification of 
Mr Biffen on Monday;. pro- 
voked some amazement in the 

- Biffen camp yesterday. . - 

- One of ms friends said that 
Mr Biffen had not attempted' 
to attack the Prime Minister 
on Sunday, and “shooting 
from the lip" by Downing 
Street sources had only served' 
to aggravate ■ the party's.. 

some trepidation, as he is • those of- her anonymous ad- 
sawdnled to make a speech to visers who put out thal sort of 

the Fbrlismvmtary Press Gal- 
lery and there were ho skns- 
last night that be intendedfto 
modify his criticism of Gov- 
errnneul strategy in therun-up 
to tbeefcction. . .. 

Certainly, it was said last 
night that Mrs Thatcher had 
not spoken to the Leader of 
the House since Sunday and 
although they sat next-to each 
other during Commons ques* 

stuff whenever there’s the 
slightest sort of contribution 
that doesn't conform a bun- 
ched per cent" to wfaaf they 

: perceive to be the views of the 


" Mr Francis Pym, another 
former Cabinet minister, said 
in an interview on Indepen- 
dent Television News that 
Mrs Thatcher should bemuch 
more caring and understand- 
ing, and be warned that if the 
Government did hoi chan g e 
hs policies oh education, jobs 

tions yesterday, labour .MBs * and the health service it could 
-*— * to the physical gap lose the next election. 

, Other- backbenchers Said 
they detectedsignsofGoverh- 
ptent alarm. 

Downing Street will 
be watching Mr Btffen 

- them on the Govern- 
ment front bench. 

' It was said Jast nigh t that Mr 
Biffen would -not “roll over” 
and change his views, and 
there was even a hint that Ire 
would resign rather than do 

SO.' - ••• 

As for the suggestion that 
Mrs Thatcher might sack Mr 
Bifien from the Government, 
in the autumn reshufi 
Mr Midrad Hesdtme. a 
fonnerCabiijet colleague, said 
yesterday: • 

-“I was amazed, almost, to 
the pant of ' stupefaction, 
reading in The Tones this 
morning that because he has 
continued to contribute his 
own individual conribufions. 
Iris position m the Gabfoerwas 

He' said on the BBC radio 
WoHdat One ’programme “If 
John Biffen ’s Cabinet position 
■was al . rid^ it would have 
untold consequences ' and - 1 
qmnrabefieve the Prime Min- 
ister xs being best served by 

“Certainly, the sort of ud- 
caring approach is not liked", 
ho sard. 

But Mr Nonnan Tebbit, the 
party chairman, said on an ] 
independent radio phone-in; 
“We have a broad range- of, 
opinions in the Cabinet. 1 do 
not see any great need to 
change that.”' 

And in a typically robust 
response to calls for a switch 
of policy emphaas, MrTebttt 
said that the - Government 
should accelerate rather than 
change direction. 

He raid that the Govern- 
ment had built up a strong 
base -with successes in indus- 
trial relations,, inflation amt 
interest rates. . .. 

“I. would say we have to 
take these imderiying policies 
and extend them forward. 

As for his own style, he sai± 
“X look, forward to saying 
more exactly lathe same style, 
in the moderate style which I 
have preserved-” 

Moscow admits Sweden 
second disaster detects 

barely averted 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 
Disturbing details of the such a com 



narrowness with which the 
Soviet Union last week avoid- 
ed a second nuclear disaster at 
the Chernobyl reactor much 
more serious than the original 
explosion on April 26 were 
provided yesterday by ' the 
Soviet scientist leading the 
dean-up operation. 

Western experts said that 
his account confirmed that 
Soviet teams had been strug- 
; to avert a meltdown of 
stricken reactor which 
could have forced the molten 
core into contact with water 
below it causing massive 
contamination risks for the 
Soviet Union and the world at 

One danger which has been 
repeatedly mentioned by nu- 
clear scientists in the West was 

position: it 
was essential to estimate the 
situation very accurately and 
not to make a single error." 

He added that the chance of 
a meltdown had been in- 
creased because of the thou- 
sands of tons of lead, sand, 
and other materials which had 
been dumped on the reactor 
from the air, and were forcing 
it downwards. 

Concern was great because 
there had been a special 
reservoir underneath which 

Britain offers help 
Chernobyl aftermath 

that a meltdown at Chernobyl, 

Captain's call: David Gower after his at 
England captain yesterday (Photograph: 


■ S 

cash flow 

How the woritFs 
$100 million raised 
by Be* Geldof 
and Band Aid is 
being spent 

• The Times Portfolio 
Gold daily competition 
prizeof £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 

two readers— de- 
tails, page 3. ■ 

• There is another 
£4,000 to be won today, 
part of the £32,000 
prize money available 
this week. 

• Portfolio list, page 
28; rules and how to 
play, information ser- 
vice, page 20 . 

Norses review 

Plans for a radical change in 
nurse training that would 
mean student nurses were no 
longer used to keep wards 
running were wd corned yes- 
terday by the Royal College trf 
Nursing Page* 

Music feast 

Robert Ponsooby, recently re- 

tired as the BBC’s Controller. 
Music, introduces theltHSO 
Proms season rage 19 

Hie domestic TV set is at the 
:enirc of a social revolution 
ihready under My wnhcfcc- 
rente mail, video books and 
luiomatie shopping. A 
leport looks at the world of 


pages 14-17 

* News M 
ymraa ' 19 

r » 


fanes « 

ST 21-28 

i 18 

K 28 
ns 1«-I2 

law Report 26 

Letters g 

OWawT .if 


CgU PidW 4 

Srtcntt » 

Twmp*® 4 ® 2 
tVA fodfe 39 

Wetter 70 

Gower on 


ByPhilipWebster, Political Reporter 

A deep split in the Labour protection simply by derating 
Party Over tie future of jthe, _to dese_down.tndurtrks. Nor 
nuclear power industry was should Socialists accept that 

«xposed in a Commons debate 
yesterday as M John Cbn- 
ningham,. .Labour's chief 
spokesman-tin the environ- 
mere, called for a halt to the 
expansion of the indnstry but 
fiatiy opposed the demand of. 
the left writ ro be phased out 
under ar Labour^yveraincnrt. " 
Mr Cunningham was pre- 
senting a policy sacoA by 
members of the Shadow Cabi- 

net daringtire past few days in 
attempt to heal' party 


we can protect the environ- 
ment by. undermining the 
ecozxMnic. and social well- 
being of our communities.” 
Mr! Cunningham stated 
twice in Ms speech that “in the 
prevailing circumstances” La- 
bour-saw no case for proceed- 
: mgwim any expansion ofeivil 
niKJear poweb -with no pres- 
surized water reactor at 
Sizewdl or any other site. 
Britain was selPsufiScent in 

& ^ondstotbe S 1 TSK *5 

Chernobyl disaster. 

He attacked the arguments 
of foe left-wingers fed by Mr 
Tony Benn and Mr Eric Heffer 
who have proposed the pro- 
gressive decommissioning of 
aD stations, an end to repro- 
cesangat SCfiafietd, and aban- 
doning the Dounreay project 

Mr Cunningham, whose 
constituency ' indudes the 
SeOafiekl plant, said: “We 
cannot deal with the difficult' 
problems of environmental 

carefuBy consider foe complex 
issues involved, and he added 
that an important -factor in 
that planning should Jbe an' 
enhanced role for foe coal 

Earlier; MrKenneth Baker, 
foe Secretary of State for foe 
Environment, accepted that 
the case for nudear power had 
to be reargued with, complete 
openness because Chernobyl 

" Continued page 20, col g ' 

Prison officers ready 
to lift strike threat 

The Prison Officers' Associ- 
ation is g c a m m eodmg to its' 
members that they formally 
remove the threat ofmdosirial 
action, but the ballot will not 
be taken until after the annual 
conference next week and an 
important difference of inter- 
etaticm remains between the . 
ovenunent and the officers. 
The POA leadership will be 
trying to convince the confer- 
ence foot it has reestablished 
That manning levels are now 

junior minister at the Home 
Office, said-yesterday. 

. The formula covering the 
difference is that 14 d 
notice .should be given 
governors or branches when 

If there is disagreement either 
side can -take h 
Tlte POA -executive ' said it 
viewed foe Home Office con- 
cessions as 

coo siderabl eachievements. 
Tire annual inference takes 
on added importance now. &• | 
a press retease the national- 
executive says: “Our members 

mulch trial as esptaia of the 
-England cricket team. The 
I L e icestershire batsman was 
yesterday reappointed to lead 
England, but only for this 
mouth's two Texaco one-day 
internationals and the first of 
three Cornhlll Tests 
against India which begins on 
June 5. ’r . 

The Test and Connty Cridt- 
et Board's insistence that 
Gower sbndd captain with 
greater authority than he dis- 
pfayed against- the West la- 
dies, when England lost foe 
I series 54k or be replaced, 
probably by Mike Getting of 
Middlesex, was folly demon- 
strated by their statement 
after, yesterday’s meeting at 

The selectors, drafted by 
Peter May, a former England 
captain, informed Gower that 
tlrey "foe determined to im- 
prove standards both on and 
off foe Geld and have made it 
dear that they expect theft 
players once again to show a 
real- pride in phtyhg! 

Gower accept©! he was on 
trial “The ball is now firmly 
in ray court. I know where I 
stand and what I have to do. 

'People were disappointed 
with results in the Caribbean - 
-not least myself— but 
_fe are 
something to be seen to be 
done, a cosmetic treatment’' . 

Two players, on whom 
Gower's fetore partly depends, 
both scored' centuries n 
yesterday's Benson and 
Hedges matches. Gower, cap- 
taining " Leicester, watched 
Alan Lamb equal his highest 
score by 
hitting 106 at Northampton 
whHe Ian Botham led 
Somerset's 7 assault on the 
i attack at Taunton. 
The England aU-roonder plun- 
dered )26 not out from 95 
balls, jjgx 


- By Midget HttrsaMll 

Evidence of increasing po- 
litical infiltration of foe 

ig article, page 13 
itoodcodt, page 40 

Wapping dispute by groups of j 
left-wing activists emerged 
yesterday as police disclosed 
foat 332 officers have been 
injured in picket-line violence. 

Most of the injuries have 
been to foe head and 
below the knee, caused 
mistifes and kicks. 

. And attaining foe violence 
of -pickets, who last Saturday 
attacked police horses used to 
dear the road with missiles, is 
expected to prove increasingly 
difficult for the onion leaders. 

This follows foe decision 
last week by Ms Brenda Dean, 
general secretary of Sogat '82, 
and her national executive, to 
purge foe union's contempt of i 
court in order to regain con- 
trol of its sequestrated assets. 

Growing hostility to foat 
decision — and to Sogal's 
proposal to News Internation- 
al to form a joint negotiating 
committee which would deter- 
mine pay and conditions of all 
four production unions if they 
were admitted to Wapping — 
threatens to undermine Ms 

leading to the so-called 
□a syndrome", could have 
threatened one or more of the 
other three reactors at foe 
plant, and caused a huge new 

The dangers were alluded to 
m a Pravda report from the 
disaster zone which stated, 
after receiving details from the 
scientist. Professor Evgeny 
Vdikhov. “Ten days after the 
breakdown, there existed foe 
threat foat it could have 
gained in scope.” That was' 
interpreted as a Soviet admis- 
sion that foe possibility of a 
meltdown was greatest on or 
around May S. 

The official Communist 
Party daily added that al- 
though the worst case scenario 
of a reactor meltdown had 
been prevented, foe damaged 
core was still leaking radia- 
tion, and foe hazardous clean- 
up operation could continue 
for months. 

Describing foe struggle to 
re vent the nightmare possi- 
ity of a meltdown, Profes- 
sor Velikhov, aged 41, 
explained: “How would foe 
white-hot core of foe reactor 
behave? Would we manage to 
keep it intact, or would it go 
down into foe earth? 
m the world has ever beat in 

possibly contained water and 
no one knew how foe reactor 
would have behaved if it had 
fallen in. 

Pravda said that the “fur- 
ther development of events” 
had demonstrated that the 
correct method of combating 
the molten reactor in its 
precarious position had been 

“The water from under it 
was pumped out, and boles 
were drilled, a cooling zone 
was established to lake foe 
heat away from the reactor," 
foe paper said. “Preparation is 
now underway to bury it” 

Pravda also reported that 
the authorities plan to launch 
a large-scale education pro- 
gramme to explain “the dan- 
gers of radiation and all its 
specific features" to foe 84,000 
evacuees from the immediate 
area of foe plant now moved 
to makeshift accommodation 
in the Kiev region. 

Mr Ivan Sinayev, a deputy 
prime minister, said that al- 
though foe danger of a further 
explosion had now been avert- 
ed, foe reactor had not yet 
been made harmless. 

In a separate interview, Mr 
Ivan Yemilianov, one of foe 
chief designers of foe crippled 
reactor, said foat it would 
have to be sealed in concrete 
for centuries in ordff to. 
become safe, but that the 
Chernobyl station would be 
reopened soon 

Stockholm (Reuter) — Swe- 
dish scientists, who alened foe 
world to the Chernobyl nucle- 
ar disaster, said yesterday they 
had measured the first traces 
of plutonium, one of the 
longest lasting radioactive de- 
ments, in emissions from the 

Mr Jan-Olof Snihs of the 
Radiation Protection Institute 
said that tiny quantities of 
plutonium, which retains hs 
maximum radioactivity for 
24,000 years, had been found 
in rainwater on Sweden’s east 

He said radiation from the 
plutonium — a by-product of 
nudear power generation 
which is also used in atomic 
weapons — had been mea- 
sured at up to 20 per cent 
above normal background 
levels but was not dangerous. 

“We suspected there might 
be some plutonium but this is 
the first time we have been 
able to establish it,” Mr Snibs 

Mr Lare Hogberg, deputy 
director of the nudear inspec- 
tion board, said the composi- 
tion of the substances made it 
virtually certain that Cher- 
nobyl was not producing 
wea pons-grade plutonium. 

But he added: “We cannot 
exclude that some fuel might 
be diverted for producing 

The Radiation Protection 
Institute disclosed it had been 
receiving data from Moscow 
for the last four days on 
radiation levels at Chernobyl 
and monitoring stations in foe 
European part of the Soviet 

The Soviet authorities had 
agreed to provide regular re- 
ports on radiation levels to 
other countries after talks Iasi 
week with Mr Hans Blix. head 
of the International Atomic 
Energy .Agency. 

Mr Snihs said Sweden was 
scaling down its monitoring 
activities as overall radiation 
levels in foe country had 
dropped sharply from their 
peak at the end of April 

New health clamp on Kiev 

From Christopher Walker 

Stringent new health 
warnings have been issued to 
more than two million Soviet 
residents of Kiev, the third 
largest Soviet city, after recent 
changes in wind direction 
increased radiation levels in 
the Ukrainian capital, which 
is still barred to Western 
diplomats and newsmen. 

The first news of the new 
warnings reached Moscow 
only last night with the arrival 
here of a copy of the official 
Ukrainian daily, Pravda 
Ukrainy, dated Sunday, May 
11 — foe day that Soviet 
officials say that foe danger of 
catastrophic nuclear 

meltdown at Chernobyl was 
finally averted. 

Medical advice printed in 
the paper urged all residents of 
the city and surrounding ar- 
eas. which are now crowded 
with some 90,000 evacuees 
from the Chernobyl exclusion 
zone, to wash themselves and 
their homes regularity, to stop 
drinking alcohol, smoking and 
eating greens and to prevent 
their children from playing on 
foe ground: 

The for-reaching new in- 
structions contrasted strongly 
with repealed attempts by the 
Soviet authorities to convince 
domestic and international 

opinion that the situation in 

jev has returned to normal. 

Yesterday, senior Western 
diplomatic sources in Moscow 
complained about foe con- 
tinuing lack of detailed Soviet 
information about the disaster 

The latest complaints came 
after ten Western ambassa- 
dors had been called to a 
special two-hour briefing giv- 
en by Mr Boris Shcherbina, 
head of the government inqui- 
ry team into the disaster. 

The Western sources told 
The Times that foe ambassa- 
dors, including Sir Bryan 
Cartiedge of Britain, had still 
not been given adequate an- 
swers to a detailed series of 
written questions submitted 
formally to the Foreign Minis- 
try in foe first week 

Dean's hold on the dispute. 

in London 

Sogat branches 
have passed a series of resolu- 
tions attacking the national 
leadership for its handling of j 
foe dispute and, as frustration 
on foe picket line grows, 
members, are expected to give 
Ms Dean a rough reception 
next Monday at a mass meet- 
ing in Central Hall, 
Westminster. ' 

Increased violence emanat- 
ing from that frustration, nur- 
tured by . for-left activists, 
would not displease groups 
such as the Socialist Workers’ 
Party and the Revolutionary 
Communist Party. 

These, have sought to ex- 
tract political advantage. from 
the dispute by exploiting foe 
difficulties of foe unions, 
Cnttoped on page 20, col 3 

crash in 

An airborne rescue opera- 
tion was under way last night 
in foe Falkland Islands after 
an RAF Chinook helicopter 
with sixteen people on board 
crashed in a remote part of foe 
Falkland Islands. 

The helicopter, from RAF 
Pleasant, was flying from By- 
ron Heights to Mount Alice, 
East Falkland, when it crashed 
on Mount Young. 

A Ministry of Defence 

dearly negotiable, the aim. of 
the dispute. 

But the Government main: 
tain* that it has not conceded have repeatedly said that this 
the right to negotiate. What it diqmte was not about money, 
had agmed was how a process It was ctehriy about foe main-' 
of consultation should lake tenance of humane inmate 
Lord Gtenarthur, the 

Shipyard jobs threat 

British Shipbuilders last 
night refused to comment on 
reports that the firm is to 
make 3,500 workers redun- 
dant. .ft was- reported on 
Channel Four News that- the 
jobs would, go because of a 
lack of orders. 

The- redundancies would 
Involve a third of the total, 

A spokesman said last night 
foat company officials were 
meeting foe unions tomorrow 
in Newcastle upon Tyne 

were . casualties. It is 
believed at. least two people 
have died and others are 

The Chinook helicopter was 
carrying soldiers from the 
Second Battalion the Second 
King Edward the Seventh's 
Own Gurkha Rifles who had 
been taking part in an 

The . crash occured in a 
remote area and foe only way 
to evacuate survivors is - by 
helicopter. A medical team is 
dealing with the injuries. 

Domenico - a 

to live in fear of Ms life 

From Peter Nlcteds 

The fore of an 1 1 -year-old 
boy- wire is no*, calted 
Domenico has shocked 

fon here with the harsh variant 
Iis on. parity to 
chfidrea.- - 

The name Domenico was 
often to this bay ia tfce reporf 

Sade by a sodal works at an 
international coaferaice, tajf; 

gt Chsti gfffl ncrifo on me sub - 

ject- -vSoteoce- snfieped' by 


Arise toffln yfejj* 

away ftosa whkt remained of 
fafe fr?fu%bacl^t»und after 36 

relatives had been murdered m 
a long Mood food conducted in 
his native town somewhere in 
foeA^irimamite area. 

Tin* of foe victims were 
er brother has snrvived and is' 

concealed in the same orph»a- 
age- or ^unrmnifty or family 
wherewr D^enfco may be. 

gave birth to Douwmoo thrcc 
months later. 

by throwing himself under his 
desk when foe door opened. 

As the men -in the- family 
were gradually riimmattyi 
aD 36 dead weremale relatives 
— the boy*s grandmother took 
chaise of foe . family and 
continually upbraided him as a 

child who showed fear. • 


before Imwasbora.His father 
.and: two of ftis: toothers, then 
jttfedd.mrfdwere murdered by' 
i whs entered their home 

Domenico woke up la foe 
ebtscreamfog, and was cofir 
wried that; foe win- 
dows. -might not be firmly 
locked and had spasms of 
vomiting'and crying which the 
grandmother attributed to un- 

etsscalm emadkt. When he 

» ■ ** >* w» ,,fc .. 

■ And so, at the age of 4, 
Domenico was spirited away 
with a group of chfldren from 
the sarae area whose lives were 
■ felt to be danger and he was 
pteced dsewfcere under a di£- 

At first Iris mother visited 
. him, fatt she was then sen- 
tenced, to 17 years imprison- 
ment for involvement in a 
Jddnappiiig, another common 
crime inihe Aquromonte area. 

In.foct, one of foe expfonar 
fifens - ’hrard .for foe strong 
.wvjvsd. _ bull ■ . In. 

times originated not only in 
supposed insults bat also as a 
result of violent quarrels over 
control ofiocaMes ssefnl for 
concealing victims of the .lu- 
crative kidnapping business. 

Another explanation , given 
for this habit which seems not 
to be dfmmwhmg In parts of 
Calabria — there is said to 
have been a total of 250 lulled 
and 195 injured in die current 
family foods in foe area - is 
that the old style Mafia used 
to keep this type of killing fa 
check. - 

Bot th^ new Mafia has other 
interests and is no longer 
Mwwnri ahmtf jkeenina.bfood 

^ SAA certainly 
lived up to 
its reputation of 
efficient and 
pleasant cabin crew 

excellent food."* 

writes a travel expert in one of many 
unsolicited letters received recendv. 

► Only SAA fly to and from South Africa via 
London Heathrow Ter minal 1, for last easy 
connections throughout the UK, Ireland 
and Europe. 

1 All SAA daily flights to Jo’ burg depart 
Heathrow 1800 hours, year round. 


• BooktbroochyourTm'd ARentsr bfustefi ya« mare. 

OH SA A.-2S1 hSomShw*. London W1R WD.' Td;0t-734«4I. 
OrWaicrtoo Stred.Binflin0iaiii.1Ui (121-643 9605. 

Pdcr Strm. Mracheater. Tel: 0SI-834 443ft. 
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Labour to put 
jobs as its top 
priority, says 

By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 
A tough framework for pub- ties for jobs, industry, health. 

be spending and borrowing 
win be produced by an incom- 
ing Labour government as 
part of a medium term eco- 
nomic. strategy, Mr Roy 
Hattersley, the party's deputy, 
leader, said yesterday. . 

It is the first lime a senior 
Labour figure has been so 
specific about the manage- 
ment of the nation's public 
finances, and his comments 
could raise some eyebrows on 
the party's national executive 
where there has been criticism 
recently of policy making by 
the Shadow Cabinet without 
adequate consultation. 

Mr Hattersley, who was 
addressing the conference of 
the Transport Salaried Staffs 
Association in Bournemouth, 
said the days bad gone when 
Labour could hope to achieve 
all its ambitions in the lifetime 
of a single parliament and 
priority bad to be given to the 
reduction of the dole queues 
and the creation of one mil- 
lion jobs in about two years. 

“we will, as soon as we are 
elected, publish a White Paper 
— the Medium Term Econom- 
ic Strategy. 

“It will describe the way in 
which the one million jobs can 
be created. And it will nail our 
colours firmly to the mast. We 
will create a million jobs. 

“We will outline a tough 
framework for public spend- 
ing which sets out our priori- 

education and housing. 

“Extra spending will be 
specifically directed at 
projects which attract the least 
imports and create most jobs. 

“We wifl set a rationally 
calculated ceiling to public 

He added: “We will insist 
that the public expenditure 
and borrowing targets are 
maintained ana that nothing 
allows us to be d efl ec t ed from 
our central task of putting 
Britain back to work.*' 

Mr Hattersley's tone could 

upset some leading party fig- * •_ . -m 

ures, especially as Mr David A H VA1TC ' hV 
Blunkett, leatux of Sheffield T d. V® ” j 

City Council and a prominent TB'X 1 

soft left member of the NEC K I 
circulated a paper recently ■*"* ' ***■ lll D 

warning about the lack of ^ 1 __ * . 

consultation over policy 
making. r 

“Individuals are dealing By Richard Dowden 
with aspects which are central The Advertising Standards 
to our policies in a way which Authority is concerned at the 
reflects their own views with- level of complaints against 
out reference to the home British Telecom and will now 
policy committee of the check some BT advertise- 

NEC” be said. 

Mr Blunkett wants the 
Shadow Cabinet and the NEC 

menis before they are pub- 
the fished. 

EC The authority has ruled on 

Disruption WPCshot 
threat to in leg by 

electricity marksman 

By Peter Davenport 

Power stations may be hit 
by selective strikes by mem- 
bers of the electricians’ union 
if employers foil to improve 
on their pay offer. 

The tactic would be to 
disrupt the most efficient sta- 
tions, and force the Central 
Electricity Generating Board 
to make up supplies by bring- 
ing costly, obsolescent plant 
into operation. 

But union leaders hope that 
the plan would avoid the 
public animosity experienced 
during the work-lo-rute in 

The selective stoppage tac- 
tic was outlined yeste rday b y 
Mr Derek Hammond, fcbTKj * 
general secretary at the 
union's conference in Scarbor- 
ough. He said members 
should act like the SAS of the 
trade union movement, taking 
selective, precise and effective 

Further talks on the pay 
claim between the four indus- 
try unions and employers are 
to take place today. A 5.5 per- 
cent offer has already been 
rejected and although man- 
agement is understood to have 
improved it by (X25 per cent it 
is not enough to satisfy union 

Shop stewards have been 
instructed to ban overtime 
from midnight on May 25, but 
Mr Hammond warned mem- 
bers against all-out industrial 

• The union conference 
also voted unamnmously to 
oppose any plans to privatize 
the electricity supply industry. 

to work in partnership, other- nine cases so for this year, a 
wise “we will end up with record for one company. lt has 
constant friction with the upheld six complaints and 
denouncement of campaign- partly upheld a further two. 
ing on the one hand and Last year there were 55 com- 
somewhat didst detachment plaints against BT, of which 
from or contempt for the party six were uphekL 
on the other hand. ” The authority's monthly re- 

port, published today, criti- 

Vtt/TW"'' cizes BT for advertising the 

VV 1A> SnOl “Livewire" service, which 
# _ plays pop music, in a 

in 1 A/r |vir teenagers’ ma gazine without 
111 1CU Uj sufficient emphasis on the cost 
1 ° " of the service, 

ffiarkcman An almost identical com- 
111*11 &J1 IUU I plaint about the “Talkabout” 

By Craig Seton ***** P^des a 

3 ^ group line, was upheld and as 

A police marksman on anti- a result BT was forced to 

published today, criti- 
BT for advertising the 

By Craig Seton service, wmen provides a 

3 ^ group fine, was upheld and as 

A police marksman on anti- a result BT was forced to 
terrorist doty at Birmingham introduce a cost monitoring 
international airport was sns- system on “Taflcabout” and 
pended yesterday after he an automatic cut-off after 10 
fired his revolver and hit a minutes, 
policewoman in the leg. In both cases the authority 

The woman officer suffered ^ w ? OI « to 

bruising when she was struck Promote these services to 

by a wax training pellet fired 
from a-38 Smith .& Wesson 
during “horseplay” in a locker 

young people who would not 
be paying the bffl. 

A BT representative has 

room on Monday. Mr Leslie told the the authority that the. 
Sharp, West Midlands deputy company now intends to sub- 
chief constable, said foe mit^vert^proposakoon- 

raarksman was on aimed seen-, 
rity duty and should have had 
live ammunition in his 

A report is being prepared 
for the Director of Public 
Prosecutions. The marksman 
concerned, an no-named con- 
stable ra his 20s, is a member 
of the tactical firearms unit. 

It was tile fourth controver- 
sial incident Involving police 
marksmen in the West Mid- 
lands smee I960. 

A constable from the force’s 
tactical firearms unit is await- 
ing trial charged with the . 
m a nsl a ug hter last August c rf 
John Sborthonse, aged five, 
who was hit by a pbee bnflet 
during a raid on his parents’ 

In 1980 Miss Gail Kinchin, 
a pregnant girl of 16, died after 
being hit by four police ballets 
daring a siege in which her boy 
friend nsed her as a shield. In 
1982, police fired a shot into 
the headboard of a bed con- 
taining two deeping children 
dming a raid. 

nected with liveware” and 
“Taiksbouf* to the authority 
before publication. 

The authority report also 
criticizes BT for foiling to 
mention the cost of a tele- 
phone in an advertisement for 
the Phone Handbook which 
staled that it contained “any- 
thing 1 you want to know about 
choosing, changing, renting, 
buying or installing a 
phonc~Jt tells you how much 
it all costs.” 

The report criticizes BT for 
advertising an accessory to the 
Telecom Jade telephone 
which was not yet available 
and for stating that the Phone 
Card was no more expensive 
than a Payphone, when some 
Payphones give change and 
charge at 2p a unit after the 
first unit while Phone Cards 
always charge at iOp a unit. 

An offer to help the Soviet 
Union with the dean-op job at 
the Chernobyl nuclear dowct 
has beat made by. 14 British 
nuclear scientists and engi- 
neers. Mr Peter Walker, the 
Energy Secretary, has agreed 
to put the offer to the Soviet 

The group all belong to the 
Pro-nuclear Group, at Caith- 
ness in Scotland. Twelve work 
for the Atomic Energy Author- 
ity at Dounreay, ana two have 
retired but are still engaged in 
consultancy work. 

Dr Eric Voice, who pot the 
idea to his colleagues, believes 
they have special expertise to 
help with decontamination of 
the devastated area around 

The gro up of five midear 
chemists have experience in 
decontamination. Two of the 
group are instrument engi- 
neers and have devised equip- 
ment for looking inside 
reactors to measure condi- 
tions. A metallurgist and phys- 
icists havestudied diffic ulties 
of handling fuel dements that 
have developed leaks. 

■ But Dr Voice said they were 
prepared for jobs wherever foe 
Russians “had shortages of 
people trained to work in 
radiation conditions. They 
would be ^ready to go into 
areas where they might be 
exposed to up to 10 rears of- 
radiation in, a week; or a . 

That level of radiation is 
twice the maximum permitted 
limit for exposure in a year to 

By Shdla Gam, Political Staff : : . .. : 1 

power station workers in ^ 'Brit-/, accident, plans to. return to . 
ain. ' . ' . Russia next week- to continue 

Meanwhile, other tests car- tier fangua^ sfudies.; 
ried out itfBritamafter the ...MBs.' .Sfobhan- Pfemner,*; 
Chernobyl disaster .show that . j aged-. 23, . of Wimbledon, be-: 
. vegetables and salads remain , lieves it tssafo for her to.g» to : 
radioactive even when thor- Krasnodar, a. town near the - 
• oughfy washed. - ■ eastern coast of tbeBlack Sea, 

Official advice is that vege- an area which the .Russian 
tables exposed to radioactive . . .authorities claim is unaffected 
rain can be made safer by by any radiation / from 
rinsing foem. under a-tap. . Chernobyl : . . . 

But tests camed out , m St . # The Government was mged 
Bartholomew’s Hospital, Lon- . . yesterday to release Cabinet, 
don, on spinach from an papers on foe ^femobyi di- 

don, on spinach from an 
allotment' in Ruislip,. west 
London, last week suggest the 
advice maybe incorrect: ... 

But the hospital empha- 
sized, that foe levels -were 
extremely small and presented 
no dangerifioweyer, the con- 
ventional wisdom foat wash- 
ing removed radioactivity 
seemed, to be wrong. ■ 

• Three county couneflshave 
united in opposition to the 
Government's plans for a 
radioactive waste dump in 
one of their, areas (Pearce 
Wright writes). 

The local authorities cover- 
ing Befordshire, Humberside 
and Lincolnshire launched 

saster to - reassure the public 
about radiation. . . 

Mr Lomas; Euro-MP for 
London North East^ said-in 
Strasbourg: “Wc cannotafford 
to. wait 30. years* to. fold out 
: exactly what risks we Jhave 
- been racing.” . • ? ; 

« Britons staying in hotels in 
r Poland- should have- a word 
with the hoteL management 
about their diets in view of the - 
risks of contamination, a For- 
eign Office spokesman sug- 
gested yesterday. * 

However -he- accused' -Mr 
Jarvis Of preventing adeariier 
settlement. ^ftwastfaat pbrtio- 
ufor ibdivitiu&l andhssesecu- 
tivefoat wrecked negotiations 
in 1984 and delayed them for 
months tfod otonths in l9&5 
and 1986.” - ; 

Sir JCeith told Mr Peter 
Hardy. (Lab Wentworth): 
“The ' disruption nx our 
schools & entirety due to foe’ 

. The Fbreign Office has just dedtions of the executruesof 
issued revised advice, to trav- the huger teaching muons.” 

their-coUective action yester- British citizens, the state- 
day at a meeting in London.^-- meat said, should. continue tp 
The oppo&tion groups havfe ^-avoid travefling fo Kiev and 

ellers in Eastern Europe after 
foe Chernobyl disaster. 

British . citizens, foe state- 
ment said, should, continue tp tf is-ihe greater, fifruwvfl foe 

. He said .foe* interim settle- • 
ment, which raises salariesby 

'wy. H?i 

oTi7*yi '/« JF. 

x. , t] i 1 :» at i; iiVr’i.-te yfi ii HT:| 

1 1 u-^B [* m - yl 

w.-jili i 

v u > 1 1 

nf.Tili i | r\. 

\ 1 1 [l 

# i i 'iirj 

all-party support A fourth 
county . Essex, with a possible 

disposal, site at Bradwidl on, 

foe Western, £ Ukraine.: and 
Mfosk-and.Bdontssia upfess 
absolutely jwaqewwy^ ^ - - . . ; 

foe nver Blackwater estuaryr • Free mitt: JOOO^iniary 

.has dedmedv- to^ join foe ■ -wfoool dhi%eir to^NInsford, 
'coalition. " 2. . .; ‘ ; ObcsKire,' was restored ^rater- 

• A-London student who was ^ z after strj^fies wete given 
evacuated from Kiev two- _ foe all dear. ' 
weeks ago, after foe CSieinobyl Cberwfoyl reports, jntgeti 

-vtay for “cor- miciivi discus- 
sion and ri^otiatian”bn new 
macl&erjf'-iap- deriding- pay 
■ and-coadtSoasy- ’ ■' 


4nad vance 4o tiicootcohie of 
such ah dXeirise. But! do wish 
foe talks wefl j’ be sffld. -i 

• fttefoancot, page 4 

Cash curbs blamed ] Divorce debate to 
for V & A damage reveal Irish split 

By George Hill 

Recent accidents causing “The security system is 

damage to art treasures at the 
Victoria and Albert Museum 
would not have happened if 
the Government had fulfilled 
its responsibility to maintain 
foe building, Sir Roy Strong, 
museum director, told MFs 

He said that without more 

completely rotten, foe electric- 
ity and radiators are rotten; 
and {.inherited three acres of 
rotten roof, only three-fifths of 
which have been replaced.” 
Structural upkeep of foe 
national museums is the re- 
sponsibility of the Property 
Services Agency, the role of 

: •_■■■■ ByRidiardFonl ' j- 

' Deep'ffivwipn in ‘foe Irish , would/ be .fir- better <x far 
Repu^'on jthe issue -of ..worre% \'.L~ ... 

marital breakdown will . be 
hi g hli g hted- during an hwtnrin 
three-day debate startufo in 
foe Dail today on a Bal to 
allow a referendum to remove 

worse. V . /« 

alA were foe most radualahd 
significant since the ,1937. con- ' 
stitutiou was drafted.^ “The 
indissolubility of m^riage has 

assistance to meet a bill of which, is under review. 

A spokesman for BT said - £26 million for improve- 
that foe company took foe mems, foe museum could not 

complaints and the antbority 
rulings very seriously and did 
not wish to mislead anyone. 
The company did not fed that 
the number of complaints 
were particularly high. 

• V'-gw 

: , ' v-r^s. 

• ■ '•’* 


* - * ■ , - \ 
• : -i 

yTt-* v.;J 

y-+T' •* ^^4 


Four years old. 
Seriously underweight 
for her age. 
Scavenging for food 
where she can find it. 
And she’s English. 

With a stepfather who refused to ack- 
nowledge her existence and a mother too 
frightened to help her, this child was being 
slowly and deliberately starved. 

She’d readied the point where die was 
feeding herself out of dustbins. 

It didn't happen in the famine stricken 
third world, it happened in an English town, 
{like the one you live in). 

The NSPCC doesn't set our to punish the 

parents or break up the home. 

The child has to be protected \\fe pro- 
vide help for both her and her parents. 

.£15.48 can protect a child for two weeks. 
And that s the sum weYe asking for now. 

If you cant afford quite that much, aD 
donations are gratefully received. 

I want toWp [Men a etnldandl wWe a» tfeqoc w ifwalnnfcr 

4 □ il.JSp Z'CJ»C3 

ta>ea »nd V n tard bnWcn ran ddw iherr DCtnunoi. 

eliminate foe danger of acd- 
dents, such as foe breakmg of 
the Algardi bust and the 
flooding of the moseum. 

Damage from foe flooding 

had led to rlflimc ammihfing 

to £250,000, Sir Roy told the 
Commons select committee 
on education, science and foe 
arts. ‘ 

He said: “We are all inhabit- 
ing a Victorian plant which is 
reaching the end of its life, and 
Government has not recog- 
nized ihat 

juld not Sir Roy said that foe V and 
ofacd- A was stiK free, in spite of its 
airing of controversial policy to ask for 
nd the voluntary contributions. But 
auseum he said the museum’s target of 

OPAA AAA ■ - ■ V 

£500,000 might have to be. fiv^yearareparatiott. .-r-c 
revised because of an “absO-' m _.:i f. 
luielv catastrophic” fell in . Mr. P^rick- Cooper,' 
tourists b ecaiusft of fears over ' M i n iste r tor E du c a t ion; an 
terrorism, - . member of . Kne GacTs*C 

the' constitutional ban. on always been. feature, of -our 

divorce:' safety. Be&ire fois generation 

, , vqt^tochsmwfoatifotitionit . 

A le adin g member of -' the should be satisfied that ii will 
coalition government's CWA- benefit society as a whole.*' 
net has criticized fote plan by Mr Brian Murphy^ Young 
Dr Garret FitzGerald, * fhe Fine Gael chairman^, .saktthdt: 
'Prime- Minister^ "to aflow di- whOe tbe Minister .was entH 
.vorce on the . ground; of Sfre- tied ‘lb his own views he was 
trievablc 'tnejdccfowiii’ after a ■ not entitled,', “to violate foe 

shouJd be . Medthatftwffi ^ . 

benefit society as a wholb” - 6ITV rCOnCVC 
Mr . Brian Murphy^ Young r * J / F 

Fine Gael chairman, sakhthat; v 

while foe Minister was enfr J^nemNwtheralrdandand 

tied -to his own views he was Scotland- wifl re- 

not entitled;, “to violate foe at 

Later Mr. Richard Luce, 
Minister for the Arts, told the 
committee that proposed 
changes in museum financing 
were not intended: to impose 
charges against their win. 

'Minister for Education^ and a 
member pfFme Gael’s ‘Con- 
servative Catbohc cliqtie, pro- 
vokqd caHs for. bis msmissal 
when he told ^ meeting of bis 
Longford ctKistilneqcy party 
that it would, “be daft to vote 
for such a fundamental change 
without knowing whether, it 

too. *. .';C ■" principle of Cabinet 
■ - f. ' biliQr^nd.'.the Prime 

voqneobr- .foe ' should dBsmias hiin^ 

after a derision .yesterday by 
XX) seamen to call off their 

Dr FitzGerald is to make an 
important speech op foe fluid 
day oudining his support for 
the measures: * . 

V The . latest -opinion : poll 
shows 49 per cent in fevour of 
. the. amendment, " 35 pier cent 
opposed: and l 3- percent 

Report favours public 
access to common 1 land 

By JohnYomift Agrlailtnre OinespOBdem " 

Public right of access to the The compensatkm would he 
1-5 million acres of common provided by the commission. ■ 

land in England and Wales is 
recommended in a report by 
the Common Land Forum to 
be published next week. 

A government decision to 
implement foe report will end 
a long-standing conflict be- 
tween land owners and 
recreation and amenity groups 
who maintain that foe public 
is being excluded from its 
centuries-old inheritance. 

' The Common Land Forum, 
established by foe Country- 
side Commission, also realm- . 
mends that common land 
should be managed by a 
conrmittee with powers to pay 
compensation For da m a ge, . 

. Mote than 80 per cent of all-' 
common tap'd is in foe upland 
areas of Wales and northern 
England, and is used mainly 
for grazing sheep or rearing 
game; Until now, public ac- 
cess has been restricted to 
footpaths and bridleways. . • 

The National F ar mer s^ 
Union yesterday welcomed 
foe report in advance Of 
publication, on condition that 
its members were assured of 
prompt and adequate com- 
pensation for livestock di^tur- 
oances, damage toheafoerand 
fencing and land - erosion 
caused by .activities such as 
motor-cyde trail- riding and 
hang gliding. 


Iwbst consumers who pur- of records and albums and are 
chase blank audio cassette not a prime source oflost safes 

tapes use them to record their 
own records and there is no 
justification for foe Govern- 
ment to impose a 10 percent 
levy on blank audio tape; 

or royalties, the surrey, .con- 
ducted by NOP Marieet Re- 
search, daimi.' 

The survey JshowATtifet foe 
most prolific buyers of Wank 

Financial and Acco itmg, 

Chief Executives, 

Sales aid Ekdcmtives, 

Public, Finance and 
C^erseas Appmrflnients. 

manufectmws of audio tapes iapeareJ5 to'19-.year^Ms, 51 
swey***- per cent of blank tapeisnsed 
ned out on 5,000 people above recorto.flte-osvnere* bought 
fo fl-Xgft (tf J'T . • J . . . - ■ i w'JM W ■■wuwiwi i«n lhM !»« 




to take 

--Plans, for a revolution in 

- nurse training were ^proposed . 

■■ dom Central Council for 
Nursing, Midwifery -and 

- Health Visiting. 

They win ujdude taking 
SO, 000 student nurses off the 
. wards as “pairs , of hands^ to 
keep the health service run' 
mug and training than to be 
flexible for the health needs of 

the year 2000. 

. The council, which is .tire 
■ statutory bodyrespoosiblefor 
standards of horse training, 
says the case for is' 

- “overwhehning”. 

. The present system, where 
students make up a quarter of 
the nursing workforce, but 
provide three-quarters of the - 
care oh hospital wards so that 
many patients are directly 
cared for by unqualified staff ; 

. is “inefficient, unjust and in 
severe need of overhaul,” the 
council said yesterday. 

Ax present between IS and 
20 per cent of student nurses 
drop out during training, an- 
other 15 to 20 per .cent fefl to 
qutififyand many nursesleave 
shortly after -qualification. . 
With the number of 18- 

- year-olds, who make up most 
. of trainee nurses, due to Min 

coming years, and some mus- 
ing schools already feeing 
. difficulties in finding recruits, 
changes are needed both - to 
make nursing education more 
attractive to bring back those 
who have left, and to attract 
recruits of different ages, and 
possibly more men, it says. 

To achieve the change the 
council proposes . that the 
present range of 1 1 separate 
nursing, midwifery and health 
visiting qualifications, result- 
mg from a myriad mix of 
courses, that vay in length and 
content, should be replacedby 
a new structure: 

A new registered muse 

should , be created from ,a4wo-: 
year common foundation 
course -with nurses specializ- 
“ in&mtlreir third year in adult, 
child, mental Illness, mortal 
handicap.or tmdwifcry. The 
existing 18-month post-regis- 
tration -coarse' in . midifery 
would remain an option. 

The registered nurse, who 
would be an- independent 
responsible practitioner in her - 

uagiM ^ kd- “mdes” *;udK>se 
work would be allocated mid 
directed ■. by the .registered 
nurses Above them would he: 
specialists in intensive care, 
health visiting or district nurs- 

would JrtiH 
do placements cat hospital 
wards, but foey r wouM. ho 
longer be .indnaed on duty 
rotas or calculated as part of a 
health aottarilyV service 

Training would take place 
in hosptals, but 'also; in -the 
co mmuni ty ' In dmics and 
peopte'ihoimra .to .reflect toe 

Huwig m g nalnn»flfl yal> h n>|y. 

There are plans for for fflwe 
community cans, and more 
day-care and . shorter stays 
making ho?pitalsplaces where 
patients are ticker 'and more 
dependent and discharged ear- 
lier. Unlike the present sys- 
tem, newly-registered nurses 
would be qualified to work in 
eitherthe hospital or commu- 
nity without further training. 

m some , cases- nursing', 
schools would- have doser 
linksthannmny dom jaeseot 

polytedhmcs,mid training syl- 
labuses wouldplaceroore 
e mphas is on health pro- 

The council proposestbal 
students should be paid a 
training grant by . die NHS, 
from a separate central educa- 
tional bodget. 

- The grant would be above 
-die levd'. of - the 'Ordinary 

means-tested •- student pant 
but-’ below the present - pay- 
ment-to student nurses. . .. 

The proposals are out- for 
- consultation until. October. 

- The council kitiimiig to 
put firm plans to health 

; ministers in November for 
changes m training that could 
■ begin mI988bmwoukitakea 
• d ecade to phase in. ~ 

. Training for the lower-grade 
eraolled jouxses would cease, 
aUnutii ' existing' enrolled 
nursed cotifcf contmne in prac- 
, tkebrtake conversion courses 
for the new; registered nurse 
qualification- ' 

The . council has yet to cost 
its proposals wfajeh. would 
involve - drawing back, .into 
parsing some of the 80#00 
inactive enrolled nurses and 
tens of thousands of inactive 
SRNs and RGNs. who no 

argues that 
the huge wastage among stu- 
dent and qualified nurses, tire 
lower grant for student muses, 
and the ending of the present 
system where tnosewisniiig to 
qualify as specfehsl nursesin 
mental illness, 4 district nursing 


- There are 'suggestions: that 
patients* 'recovery may be 
lengthened by lire use of less 
qualified labour. 

The . council , argues fodl 
while its proposal would 
mvetive- “nmhxng less than a 
revolution in the osoge of 
manpower in the NHS* the 
deficiencies . iii file pre s en t 
system; the crisbnursing feces 

in a reduction in potential 

recnrits l .and toe .changmg Britara’s top lirewire award was wim yesterday by 
nature -of health care dictates who trite as The Farm Shop, selling form-fresh 
chaqge. The award encoaragesyocsig people to createtheir 

Appeal to 
on child 

The NSPCC yesterday ap- 
pealed to the puhfic to main- 
tain the “anprecendented 
campaign” agamst child abase 
and cruelty, otherwise more 
children w3I become silent 

“Don’t wait to read aboat a 
tragedy ia the newspaper be- 
fore acting to help a child yon 
are concerned about,” Dr Alan 
Gflmoor, the NSFCCs direc- 


■ f _.-r> 

-'.v.v<v:>- * 

Amounting the society's 
annual report, which will be 
released tonight Dr Gfimour 
said the NSPCC «nB spend 
nearly £11 raflSon extra on 
improved child care services 
this year. 

Half of the 60 chfid protec- 
tion teams planned by the end 
of 1988, are aheady operating 
throngbont Firefanri, Wales 
and Northern Ireland. 

Between October 1984 to 
September last year, the sod-, 
ety dealt with nun than 
16,000 cases involving mere 
than 37JM0 dnktasu 

“Many «riD remember 1985 
as the year ef child abase 1 
deaths. Tyra Henry, Jasmine 
Beckford soul Hti£ Koseda,” 1 
Dr Gfinonr said. 

In HtidTs case, the society 
had accepted its firibne to 
respond to a cry for help from 
a concerned ntighbom- and 
exaramed foe case to find why 
it had failed. 

“We have emerged from the 
year bettering that despite the 
tragedy real progress in the 
figfit « piwt child abuse is 
being made,” Dr Gfimonr 

Closer te a m wmk by the 
NSPCC, local arthority social 
workers, police and doctors, is 
provhig more effective. 

The Nation] Children's 
Home will be able to launch its 
national Children In Danger 
campaign in September to 
trace Britain's missing chil- 
dren, because of a £50,000 
donation by the British fnnri- 
tere retailing group, MFT. 


Mis Teresa Schofield, a 
housewife from Macclesfield 
in Cheshire, has her son, 
Robert, to thank for her rood 
fortune ia sharing yesterday’s 
£4.000 prize h the Pbrtiofio 
Gold competition. 

She was me of two wfauevs 
who wifi receive £2dNN> each. 

“We didn't begin reading 
The Tana until my son went to 
mtiverahy 10 years ago,” she 

“He is now a businessman 
in the Far East, and having 
persuaded us to boy the paper, 
he will be more than pleased to 
hear of foe good news. Howev- 
er, I don't think I (ritt actually 
inform him mt3 I see the 
cheque in front of me.” 

Mrs Schofield is already 
planning a trip to Koala 
Lumpur with her husband Id 
visit her son at tire end of toe 
ram season. 

The other winner was Mr 
Ian Watson from- Throcking, 
Bantingford in Hertfordshire. 

Yoo will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If yoo hare any diffical- 
tfies obtaining one from yoar 
newsagent, send an sxe. toe 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 



Warning to 
shoppers on 
cheap chicken 

Shapers were warned yes- 
terday to beware of buying 
cheap imported chickens 
which appear to be bargains, 
but which may contain more 
water than EEC rules allow. 

Most of the chickens ait 
believed to come from broiler 
plants in France and should 
have been shipped to the 
Middle East 

But last month tbeL&M 
food group was fined £1,000 
for selling French chickens 
which contained 13.7 percent 
excess water. 

A Scotland ¥ard fingerprint 
expert said yesterday that he 
Magee on a registration card at 

the Grand HoteL Brighton, ? 
where five people weft killed 
.ina bomb explosion:". ”* 

Mr David Tadti told the 
Central Criminal Court , m 
London that Mr Magee had 
left a right pato print and the 
irapririt of his left litfle finger 
on the card when he booked in 
on September 15, 1984, 24 
days before the bomb went off 
during the Conservative Party 

Mr Tadd said tests of the 
card had shown several 
marks, two of which, when 
compared with Mr Magee's 
fingerprints, left him in no 
doubt that the marks belonged 
to the defendant “I found 
more than the required stan- 
dard of 16 characteristics in 
agreement," he said. 

Mr Magee, aged 35, of 
Belfast is accused of planting 
3 time delay device in room 
629 of the hotel, causing the 
explosion and the murders of 

Sr Anthony -Berry, aged '59,. 
MP for Enfidd Southgate; Mrs 
JeahireSfaattDcfc, aged 52, wife 
of the Conservative Party, 
westent: area chairman; -Mr 
Eric Taylor, aged 54, Censer- ! 
yatiire. Party, north-west area 
chairman; Mrs Anne Wake- 
ham, seed 4 V wife of Mr John 
Wakeham, the Chief : Whip; 
and Mre Murid Madsan, aged 
54, wife of the Scottish Con- 
servative Party chairman. -. 

Mr Magee and four others, 
Gerard McDonnd, aged . 34, 
Peter Sherry, aged 30, Martina 
Anderson, aged 23, and EQa 
O'Dwyer.aged 26, have plead- 
ed not guilty to auBparnig to 
cause explosions in tlte United 
KhMdom last year. 

Under questioning, Del 1 
Chief Supt John Reece con- 
ceded that people had' been 1 
allowed to enter the hotel , 
unchecked prior to the explo- 
sion. He also believed that : 
snifferdogs had been used to 
check fteJast. floor, where the 
Prime Minister was staying, 
but not tte rest of toehold. * 

The case continues today. 

^per on family court 
disappoints lawyers 

ByfYagcesGiMvI^Bal Af&pteCnn ffsiwwM^ . 

The Government yesterday 
published its long awaited 
proposals on setting op a 
single fomfiy court fin* En- 
gland and Wales, but with no 
fom promise to legislate. 

It made dear that toe oonrt 
would not be set op, nor its 
form decided, before the end 
of next yfear. legislation 
would not be possibte before 
the 1988-1989 session, nor 
‘ be impte- 

of mgency on the': Govern-, 
meat's part” to fegislate. 

The recently formed E^ntily 
Courts Campaign attadred the 
paper asa negative response lo 

fora fennlycoart”. 

Bat m a BBC Radio' 4 
interview yesterday. Lord 
Haibham of St .Maiyleboii^ 
Lord Chancdku; said the 
.pt^nit ferady. jnrisdictions. 

Judy Came; the comedy 
actress; lost her appeal yester- 
day against athree^month Jail 
sentence for drag offences. 

Court of AppeaL judge, said 
tod sentence on . the frnxner 
television star could not be 
court in London toat lhelaw 
bad to be vigoroady applied 
whether toe offender wa». a 
public figure or humble and 

. Miss Came, aged 46,' was 
sentenced, at Northampton 
Oown Conxt three weeks ago 
for, possestion of cocaine, 
cannabis and ampheta mine s. 
She ako -admitted- importing 
cocaine and cannabis at 
Heatorow Airport after a busi- 
ness trip to the United States. 

Miss- Came, of Came 

court for the beartog. . » 

TV cricket 
loses West 

Peter Wert, the voice - of 
BBC tdevisioa cricket for 
mcne than 30 years, is.tq retire 
from cricket co mm e nt ar y at 
toe end of tins season, it was 
axuoonced yesterday. . 

Mr West, who did his first 
Test match commentary fra* 
BBC Television in 1952; has 
also, covered 27 WimWedoas, 
six Olympics, and spent IS 
years; as presenter of Cbme 

£300,000 for 
injured boy^ 

brain ^ttenage^^^ 
feredinaTOad acridenL - 
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Local elections • Nuclear power # Teachers’ pay 


PM says: We will win next time 


Mrs Margaret Thatcher, the 
Pnme Minister, tokl the Com- 
mons she believed the British 
people would vote fora Conser- 
vative Government at (he next 

The Government’s policies 
had brought an increased stan- 
dard ofliving. increased produc- 
tion. increased wealth and 
ownership throughout the coun- 
try. better trade union reform 
and respect abroad, she said. 

The results of last Thursday’s 
by-elections and local elections 
and reaction to the comments 
on television on Sunday of Mr 
John Biffcn. Leader of the 
House, all figured in boisterous 
question time exchanges shortly 
before the two by-election win- 
ners. Mr Patrick McLonghlia 
(West Derbyshire, C) and Mrs 
Elizabeth Sudds (Ryedale, L) 
look their seats. 

There was laughter when the 
former Labour leader. Mr Mi- 
chad Foot, asked whether “all 
this talk about a balanced team 
has reached her ears”. Will she 
give us an assurance (he went 
on) dial her particular idea of a 
balanced team is the present 
incumbent of Conservative 
Central Office (Mr Norman 
Tebbit) and Mr Jeffrey Archer 
(deputy chairman of the party)? 
Mrs Thatcher The balanced 
team won in 1979 and in 1983 
and hopes to gain a third term. 

Former Labour minister, Mr 
Roy Mason, wondered what 
punishment Mrs Thatcher in- 
tended to meet out to Mr Biflen 
who bad publicly portrayed her 
- as a lame duck Prime Minister. 
Mrs Thatcher declared that Mr 
Bifien had made many robust 
policy points on Sunday with 
. *.vai cb she wholly agreed. 

She a! st' b-usised aside the 
Libera] victory in the Ryedale 
jarltenteatiry by-election and 
rejected renewed clams lhai ihc 
Conservative dii rot have a 
indicate to govern in Scotland. 

There were loud Labour 
cheers when Mr John Fraser 
(Norwood. Lab) referred to 
what be called the 
Government’s shattering rejec- 
tion at the polls, not least in 
Lambeth and Finchley. 

What changes did Mrs 
Thatcher intend to make in 
.policies, or ministers? Or did 

die contemplate handing over 
the job toi someone else? 

Mrs Thatcher said the results 
showed a pretty shattering rejec- 
tion of Labour policies. (Labour 

Mr David Steel, Leader of the 

Liberal Party, asked if Mrs 
Thatcher would acknowledge 
that she was not the most 
significant lady in the House 
that afternoon. (Conservative 

Will she cease to listen (he 
asked) to those of her colleagues, 
semi-detached or otherwise, 
who tell her that Government 
policies are not getting through? 

They are getting through — on 
unemployment, education and 
transport and they are bang 
wholly rejected. 

Mrs Thatcher said she remem- 
bered a similar question after 
the Crosby by-election. It had 
been 18 months before the 
Conservatives had a splendid 
win in the following General 
Election. (Conservative cheers). 

There was loud and prolonged 
cheering and shouting from all 
parts of the House when Mrs 
Elizabeth Pe ac ock (Bailey and 
Spen. O was called. She asked 
the Prime Minister to congratu- 
late a Conservative in the Baxley 
and Spen area who bad won a 
Labour seal against all the odds. 
(Labour interruptions). 

Mrs Thatcher said she 
congratulated all the Conser- 
vative winners in the local 
elections - and the electors of 
Bailey and Spen for choosing 
Mrs Peacock. 

Mr John Maxtna (Glasgow. 
Cathcart, Lab) contended that 
since the Conservatives had 
only 16 per cent of the vote in 
Scotland together with the foci 
that they did not control one 
regional council there and 
would be lucky to retain five 
Conservative seats at the next 

Election...; Conservative 
protests*... Mrs Thatcher could 
not claim there had been a 
shattering rejection of Labour 

Perhaps she would agree with 
the Secnnary of State Tor Scot- 
land (Mr Malcolm Rifkind) that 
the election results reflected the 
Government’s failure to do its 

Mrs Thatcher recalled that La- 
bour politicians sometimes said 
that the Conservatives had no 
mandate to govern in Scotland. 
On the same test four out of five 

of the last Labour Governments 
had no mandate to govern, in 
England- (Conservative cheers 
aira laughter). 

Mr Timothy Smith (Beacons- 
field. O referred to the local 
election result in Wandsworth, 
where the Conservatives had 
retained control of the council 
with a combination of low rates 
and efficient public services 
offering value for money. 

Will sbe continue to pursue 
such policies- nationally — de- 
signed to secure the same 

Mrs Thatcher; Yes. Many rate- 
payers win be wishing as the 
months go by that they had 
followed Wandsworth- 
Mr Neil Khraoclt, Leader of the 
Opposition: When consultants 
in London and elsewhere report 


Tory brings in 
new shops Bill 


Mr Ivor Stan brook (Orpington, 
C) was given leave in the 
Commons by 64 votes to 25 to 
bring in his Stops (No 2) Bill, 
which would reform the law 
relating to Sunday trading and 
amend the 1950 Shops Act. 

There were shouts of “hypoc- 
risy and cant" from one Conser- 
vative MP when Mr Stan brook 
said Conservative MPs who had 
opposed and defeated the 
Government's Shops Bill 
wanted to assist the Govern- 
ment to a compromise. 

He said those who had op- 
posed the Government’s Bui 
had always argued for a fair 
compromise between the need 
to reform the law and the desire 
to keep Sunday as a spedal day. 
The Government had believe d 
that the only way to reform the 
law was to abolish restrictions 
on Sunday trading. 

Almost everyone agreed that 
the present law was unsatisfac- 
tory and the need for reform 
urgent It was hard to see how 
the Government could put off 
legislating or encouraging pri- 
vate Member’s legislation in a 
Parliament which still had an- 
other two years to run. 

The basic principle of his KB 
was that Sunday was a special 
day which should be supported 
by local restictions upon the 
opening of shops on Sunday. It 
proposed deregulation of Sun- 
day trading for all small shops 
and the removal of restrictions 
on garden centres. For shops 
which served the needs of the 
public in their leisure and 
recreational activities, including 
DIY shops, there was provision 
for opening on Sundays for a 
limited period on the option of 
local authorities, and mere was 
also provision for holiday re- 
sorts and tourist areas. 

The Bill would make the law 
on Sunday trading simple, fair 
and enforceable with the mini- 

mum of anomalies, while at the 
same time preserving Sunday as 
a special day, a day predomi- 
nantly of rest, recreation and 
family life. 

Mr Tony Baldry (Banbury, CL 
opposing the Bill, said Mr 
Sianbrook had suggested one 
could get round the present 
anomalies on Sunday trading by 
drawing up a.number of cate- 
gories and saying they should be 
allowed to open on Sundays. 
Who was going to define a snail 
shop? What was logical about 
allowing a person to buy a pot 
from a garden centre but not 
flora a local h ar dwa re shop? 

. Did it mean do thing shops 
would be allowed to sell leisure 
wear on Sunday but not formal 
suits, chemists allowed to sell 
sunglasses and suntan lotion for 


Stanbroob AO are 

the beach but not otter bits of 
the kit? 

This Bill was simply going to 
replace one set or anomalies 
with another and was not going 
to resolve what every MP agreed 
was a ridiculous piece of legisla- 
tion now. Still the best way 
forward was total de-regulation 
with adequate and proper safe- 
guards for those who might be 
employed on a Sunday. 

Maxtotc Tories have bo 
mandate m Scotland 

that health service cuts and 

«nri are resulting in the 
lengthening of waiting lists and 
the loss of acute services, 
(Conservative protests) does she 
still say that the health service is 
safe in her hands? 

Mrs Thatcher There have been 
for more resources put into the 
health service — from £7.5 
billion the first year we took 
over from Labour to £17.5 
billion last year. 

There has been a great in- 
crease in numbers of people who 
do medicine — nurses and 
doctors; a great increase in 
numbers treated in the health 
service and I believe that they 
are steadily treated better as the 
health service improves. 

The reason for the change in 
London is because resources 
were moved further north under 

Talks this 
on profits 


The proposed workers profit- 
sharing scheme announced by 
the Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
ought to be extended to employ- 
ees in the public sector Lord 
Winstanley (L) said during 
question time in the Lords. 

If the Government went 
ahead with the scheme, be said, 
it had an obligation to do 
something comparable for 
nurses, firemen, prison officers 
and others in the public sector 
where there was no way of 
making profits to share. 

Lord Young of Gnflham. Sec- 
retary of State fin- Employment, 
said: We are looking at two 
entirely separate matters. The 
aim is to find a way in which 
workers and manages in in- 
dustry can share future profits, 
per ha ps to end the spiral of 
paying ourselves too much 

(X 1 all industrial countries we 
have tte worst record of payii 

inflation. I hope thrTwill bring 
an end to 80 years in which the 
spirit of industry ha s be en 
confrontation not cooperation. 
That is something all would like 
to see. 

Lord Sarrdys (Q had raised tte 

Lord Yeung of Graflteac The 

preliminary discussions with 
employers and otters fore- 
shadowed in tte Chancellor of 
tte Exchequer’s speech should 
be completed this summer. 

If reactions are sufficiently 
encouraging as to the 
practicalities and potential 
benefits to tte economy, tte 
intention would be to issne a 
consultation document before 
tte summer recess containing 
detailed proposals for a scheme 
of tax relief to enco ura ge profit 

polities sorted by tte Labour 
Government. Will be reverse 
those pofirieS? 

Mr Kathode She must know, as 
everybody else does, that 
London’s loss is not anybody 
else’s gain. Does the Prime 
Minister not begin to under- 
stand tte difference between 
statistics and people? Statistics 
do not feel pain: people do. ' 
Mrs Thatcher He is wrong. 
Resources have been steadily 
moved further north for many 
years to the cost of London. I 
understand be is against tte 
reallocation policy, therefore 1 
assume he is asking us to stop h. 
Mr Khmwrfr Everybody knows 
that tte RAWP (Resource 
Allocation Working Party) pol- 
icy is acceptable only for as long 
as the health service is expand- 
ing adequately. (Conservative 
shoots of “It is.") It is not. It is a 
betrayal of people north, south, 

east and west. 

Mrs Thatcher: There were two 
years under Labour when tte 
money spent on tte health 
service was reduced. The fects 
are that £7.5 billion in tte last 
year of Labour Government has 
become £17.5 billion spent on 
the NHS. Win -be learn a time? 
Mr Laurence Pavftx (Brent 
South, Lab): Will sbe accept a 
little reality mi the crisis in acute 
beds for London and the 
surrounding areas? A protest by 
10 leaching hospitals, led by Mr 
Richard Thompson of St 
Thomas’s, shows that in tte past 
fortnight, nine teaching hos- 
pitals have had to reduce ad- 
missions of emergency cases 
while rationalization of beds 
outside London means that tte 
only place to go is a teaching 
hospital in London. 

He asked the Prime Minister 
to do. something to prevent the 
closure of a third department at 
their own Westminster Hospital 
which had already lost two. . 
Mrs Thatcher The Riverside 
Authority is affected by the 
reallocation procedure because 
its population win fell by 10 per 
cent in eight years. Despite that 
there has been a steady increase 
in tte number of patients 
treated and tte number of staff 
directly concerned with patient 

The RAWP procedure is be- 
ing considered and tte manage- 
ment board will report at the 
end of this year. I take it that tte 
Labour Party wants to end all 
the reallocation procedure? 

MrTerafite Htarias (Worthing, 
CL It is wnong of Mr Kjrmock to 
give the impression that there 
have beat cuts in the health 
service . when they have in- 
creased in constituencies like 
mine which benefits from the 
reallocation and my coosttt- 
uette welcome tte change. 

Mrs Thasdbo: Mr Kinnock 
does not know that to go from 
£7-5 billion to £ 1 7.5 billion is an 
increase and not a decrease. 

Mr Alan Haworth (StrarfbnJ- 
on-AvotL CL It remains inst-as 
much tte case today as before 
last Thursday that living stan- 
dards and social provision have 
to be paid for. There will always 
be politicians who offer free beer 
to large numnbecs of electors 
who are nursing a painful 
memory of tte last binge and 
who in the next election will 
vote sensibly for policies of 
realism. - - 

Mrs Thatcher: Yes; policies 
which increased the standard of 
living, increased tte amount of 
property ownership -and. pro- 
vided better trade imion reform. 
Yes. 1 believe ihcy wiU vote for 
us in a third electron. 

Mr Anthony Lloyd (Stret fo rd, 
Lab): There are - reports . that 
there are 13 million people in 
Britain in poverty. Is this a 
record of which Mrs Thatcher is 
proud? Her Government has 
pauperized milli ons by her 

Mrs Thatcher: The standard of 
living of those in work and those 
on social services is higher than 
ever. . 

• There was loud Labour laugh- 
ter when, on a point of order 
immediately after Prime 
Minister’s question time, Mr 
Dennis Skinner (Bolsover, Lab) 
suggested that what he called the 
Brifen and Thatcher fictions on 
the Conservative benches 
should now be given equal 
treatment in the House, follow- 
ing Mr Brffcn's TV interview on 

Tte Speaker (Mr Bernard 
WeatheriD): Mr Skinner should 
know I never watch tdeviston 
on Sundays. (Laughter) 

Parliament today 

Commons (230): Wages BiU, 
progres s on re m aining stages. 
Lords (230): Debates on 
preventing disability; on agri- 
cultural research and develop- 
ment; and on Vietnamese 
refugees in Hong Kong. 


Assurances now given aboutan 
immediate return to peace and 
calm in schools must be wel- 
comed by all. Sir &etcb Joseph, 
Secretary of State for Education 
and Science, said, when making 
a statement on die .interim 
settlement of the teachers’ pay 
dispute. . 

He was replying to a private 
notice question from Mr Giles 
Rad ice. -chief Opposition 
spokesman on education, who 
claimed the Labour Arty had 
been , msmuneuul in achieving 
this settlement and hoped a new 
Secretary ofStarc w ould provi de 
more resources for education. 

In his statement, Sr Keith 
Joseph said the settlement 
cleared the way for constructive 
discussion and negotiation un- 
der the leadership of tte panel 
appointed byAcas. . 

It does not (he said) prejudge 
tte outcome of the Acas process 
and it is to that exercise that 
teachers, employers and tte 
Government must look for a 
satisfactory longer-term out- 
come to the complex of issues 
raised by -the recent dispute. 

1 wish tte talks well and hope 
that they can result in a/satisfec- 
lory resolution - of tte fun- 
damental problems arising from 
the . present pay structure, the 
lack of definition about 
teachers’ professional obliga- 
tions, and performance ap- 
praisal and career devdopmenL 
Mr.Radke: For a long-term . 
settlement to be achieved and 
for peace to be guaranteed in the . 
future, as te hopes, tte Govern- 
ment has to recognize tte teed 
for additional resources. 

I hope that lus successor will 
be more successful in persuad- 
ing tte Treasury than he has: 
been. . • . 

Sir Keith Joseph: lam very dad 
that the NUT has agreed to 
cooperate fiiDy in the negofia- - 
tions, -therefore accepting that*: 
teachers’ pay and teachers' du- 
ties must be Considered -in the- - 
same forum. 

1 hope thatMr.Radke accepts 
what he has flinched from 

II Geoffrey Smith 

tal teachers council to 

before, nartely that what teacn- 

■ ertarepaid3^teacbe«’dmies 

should W considered together. 

JWr Patrick Thompson. (Nor-, 
wjch North, Ck Wffl he foot 
again ‘at the- suggestion for a 
professional teachers council to 
help raise standaids and morale 
in tte teaching profession? : , : > 
Sir Keith Joseph; Yes, ifepough 
teacteis- . approach - me' : with 
willingness to see tins set op,, 
subject to tte satisfactio n of t te 
Government that such a council 
would serve tte interests oftbe 
dukireh as weB as tte teachers. 
Mr Oemeat Trend (North East 
Cambridgeshire; LfcWhfle we 
greatly welcome tte return of 
the NUT to the .Acas talks on 
sensible terms, ongoing 4aBo 
need an on-going mi roster. 

* If we are to have constructive 
policies in ed u cation w muse 
have 1 faith in the continuity of 
tte head of tte department. It is 
useless to education- in general . 
to have die dearth Of policies . 
coming from tte department he 
nominally beads. 
SffKathJqseplu Tte last thing 
I have teen accused of in recent 
years is a dearth of policy. 

on housing 

Tte Government sufifered a 

tte Hew* of Lord! of^tte 
Housing (Scotland) Bfld when an 
amendment moved by Lord 
Carmichael, of Kdvingtinc 
(Labi, exenmtimt tenants of 
housing associations with less 
than 250 dwellings from -the 
right to toy, was carried by 1 J 2 
votes to 97 - majority against ihc 
Government. 15. - _ = • 

BUI through 

The Industrial Training Bill, 
which enables industrial train- 
ing boards to provide training 
and advice outside Great Brit- 
ain foe employment in and 
outride Great Britain, wq read 
the third time jn tte House of 
Lords ami passed. . . 


Mr Keaneth Baker, Secretary of 
State for tte Environment, an- 
nounced in tte Commons that 
within his de p artm ent he had 
given instructions that ministers 
were to be told of all occ ur rences 
involving tte release of radio- 
activity, however small, so that 
they could decide whether they 
were sufficiently important to 
be made public: 

Opening a de bate on civil 
unclear matters, including a 
report on tte latest position in 
the United Kingdom arising oat 
of tte Chernobyl accident, Mr 
Baker, said it was better to be 
frank and open. 

One thing that has become 
dear to me during tte last two'or 
three weeks (he said) is tte 
consid erable J ack of knowledge 


He added that if there was a 
general feeling in tte debate that 

reports ©fall incidents, however 
minor, should be made public, 
he would respond to that 

Mr Tony Ben (C h es terfi eld, 
Lab) intervened to say that 
when he was Secretary of State 
for Energy, following a teak at 
Windscate (now Sellaficld) 
which was reported to him, be 
had laid it down tint every 
incident, however small, should 
be reported not just to ministers 
but should also be published. 
This Government bad changed 
that practice. 

Mr Balter moved a motion 
welcoming tte s te ps taken by 
the Government to keep tte 
House and public informed of 
the consequences for tte UK of 
the accident at the Chernobyl 
nuclear plant in the Soviet 
Union and endorsing the 
Government’s c ommi t me n t to 
the safety of tte complete 
nuclear fuel cycle. 

It called on the House to 
approve tte Government’s first 
stage response to tte Environ- 
ment Committee's repo r t on 

radioactive waste, setting out as 
it did the principles against 
which current proposals to 
dispose of low-level radioactive 
waste could be considered. 

- He said levels of radiation 
had been faffing every day and 
-were now either at or approach- 
ing normal background levels in 
aH puis of tte country. 

He confirmed that no spedal 
precautions were needed and 
repeated that it was safe to drink 
milk and tap water and not 
necessary to take iodine tablets. 

In particular (he added) — 
since we have received many 
questions ou this point — I can 
confirm that no special precau- 
tions are necessary in feeding 
fresh milk to infants and preg- 
nant women. 

As long as there arc no further 
discharges from Chernobyl, the 
incident may be regarded as 
over for this country by tte end 
of the week though its traces will 

The G ove rnme nt continued 
to believe that, subject as it was 
to tte mosttfringent safeguards, 
nuclear generation had an essen- 
tial contribution to make in tte 
prov isi on of electric power. 
Safety was the key issue. That 
most be tte supreme consid- 
eration. Safety in design, in 
operation and m disposal. 

Tte amounts of radioactive 
waste to nation could expect to 
arise by tte year 2000 were not 
large compared with the 
amoun ts of waste generated by 
other industries. 

By tten, there would be 
380.000 cubic metres of kiw- 
levd wrote for disposal. By 
2030, it would be 1-2 million 
cubic metres. 

He understood that if was - 
difficult to visualize whal that 
amounted to. It was a fadl of a 
fot — equivalent to about six 
towers tte size of Victoria 
Tower fay 2000 and 19 towers fay 

Tte only national site (far low- 
level waste was at Drigg, in 
CUmbria. (Labour shout o£ 
“Why not Victoria ToweiT'and 

Mr Baker: There might just ten 
tiny objection to that. 

Mr John Home Robertson (East 
Lothian, Lab): It is tte best idea 
I have heard so fir. 

Mr Baker continued, skying 
that if compaction techniques 
were used and tte whole Dtigg' 
she ooukl be developed, it 
would be full by about 2010: 
Given to time needed to 
investigate, consult and develop 
any subsequent site, it was only 
prudent - to press ahead as 
quickly as possible .with in- 
vestigation of an other site. 

He hoped soon to visit to 
Swedish deep sea diqiosal 

Dr John r^— indium chief 
Opposition spokesman an tte 
environment, moved an amend- 
ment stating that safety, health 
and environmental protection 
must-' be of paramount im- 
portance and demanding that 
the Govanment should not 
proceed with any expansion of - 
civil nuclear power until there 
had been a c omp re he nsive 
safety review. . 

He said tte level of mnmder- 
standing between tone respon- 
sible for naming. -tte industry 
end tte public was appalling, ft- 
had been bedevilled tty secrecy, 
obfuscation and the deliberate 
withholding of information., 
which tte pobfic had a legiti- 
mate right to receive, and by to 
workings of tte Official Secrets 

He had always believed that 
tivi] nuclear power had a legiti- 
mate role in any rational energy 
policy. ' 

It might be argued that tte . 
British nuclear industry had an 
outstanding safety record, but 
that alone was not enough- ; 
Nuclear power, by its very 
nature, involved intangible haz- 
ards. It frightened people and 
that bad to be recognized. 

Chernobyl showed that to 
British Government was in- 
capable of responding .satisfac- 
torily to an emergency and then: 
was a need for a comprehensive 
review of contingency plans and 
of existing procedures for deal- 
ing with such incidents. 

There was no ducking , mk 
tidnal reouiremate fa- nuclear 
waste poficiest by anyone who 
had pretenrions to,be a serious 
psfltfcal representative in to 

The Labonr Parly could not 
: accept that tte special develop-, 
mem order procedure should be 
used to arcnm vent tte proper - 
.involvement and legitimate in- 
terests of local authorities and 
the , communities .- . they 
repres en ted. 

Nuclear waste was a serious 
failure of Goverament^potey, i 
which little pro gre ss had' bcei 
made in seven years. In. one 
respect they had gone back, 
because to Government had 
aband on ed - tte~ research tjtd- 
gramme on disposal -of high- 
level waste initiated by tte 
previous LabonrGwermnenL 
.On .the reprocessing of 
hfignox feeL te-said t&m Brit- 
ain could not depl : frith .to 
difficult problem of envinm- 
- mental' protection simply by 
deciding to dose, down in- 

Npr should socialists pretend 
(he said) that we should protect 
to environment by iinfamiii- 
ing tte economic and- social 
wen-being of our comm u nities. 
Suggestions » p r esen t cnoum- 
. stances that early closure of .to 
Drigg reprocessing plant was 
desirable and or possible were 
mi sleading. He did hot betievc 
that dry storage was an alter- 
native^ even ir it were possible. 
Nor would public opntion 
readily agree or accept to 
protiferatioH stores for highly 
radioactive long-life fuel ele- 
ments around foe country- 
There was urgent need fa a 
Freedom of Information Act to 
ensure to fullest possible, and 
best-informed debate. 

" In present circumstances La- 
bour saw no requirement for to 
ordering- of any civil nuclear 
power stations. - 
They must learn to deal not 
only , with existing technologies 
but to develop tte momentum 
of new technologies and new 
scientific di s co v eries from aH 
over to world. 

Government boost for Navy spending 

not believe that dug is what 

jHL - , 8-- 1- M - _ - 

us Electorate b oemmamg. 

It is sot asperating spree for 
wfcSehlhnve beard to voters 
caffing in the recent by-etec- 
tta campaigns, bat for im- 
preverae nt fa certain specific 
poblic services. • 

' They are especially con- 
tented ahoat sdtools snd hos- 
pitals, Roads used In be high 
oa tbe agenda, and in tone 
constituencies real bus ser- 
vices are a particular anxiety. 

These re qni i em eaa teem to 
me rational and. net facoasb- 
test with tte baric principles 
of T ha tcherism, anless minis- 
ters are tn become foe prison- 
ers of ttezr more extravagant 
rhetoric. - " • ' . 

surge of compassion bat a 
considered preference as to 
ter people would Uke their 
money spent 

When parents decide to 
e c— traifac on pleasures so as 
fo pay school fees to their 
dudm, afl Conservatives 
toad to regard, this as an 
exercise. in family 
responsibility. .. 

Why ton tiorid it be 
cpmtottd irresponsible for 
throe who may not be aide to 
affind|eivato education none- 
theless to prefer to pay for 
tetter state schooling fa fair 
chflfecn rator; ton save a bft 
on taxes? The M o tiva t i on In 
each case is to same. 

Preferences on 
public spending 

selective increases in certain 
forms of public erpenditnre. 
For such distinctions to be 
drawn accords both with 
Tbateherite theory and with 
the practice of this 

Its spending priorities have 
changed over to past seven 
years. In to enrrent financial 
year extra funds have bees 
devoted to to' health' service 
and capital expeiutUnre an 
rodds among other things. 

pome spending for -next year 
more money wm, T am sare, be 
.forad for education and per- 
haps for hospitals. Tax cats 
will have to' be given a lower 

The message haii been com- 
iu from vafseua ministers tot 
when ; Mr Nigdl Lawson, 
Chancellor of He Exchequer, 
referred to a 25p basic rate for 
income tax in his . budget 
Speech Tie was malting no 

not promising tp introduce 
next year. . . 

That |i trve. He was coa- 

This year tte Government 
will spend more than at any 
time for the past 20 years on 
the production of snips and 
equipment for the Royal 
Navy, while production of 
land and air equipment will 

These facts emerge from 
statistical tables published 
with the Statement on to 
Defence Estimates on Mon- 
day. The high level of spend- 
in&on to ships is superficially 
ai odds with the widespread 

By Rodney Cowton, Defence C or resp on dent 

belief that it is to Navy which 
is most at risk as Mr George 
Younger, Secretary ofState for 
Defence, struggles with to 
need to adjust the to defence 
programme to accommodate 
a slow decline in to real value 
of to defence budget 
Compared with 1985-86, 
tte defence budget fa to 
current financial year shows 
an increase of about 23 per 
cent to £18,479 minions, but 
Spending on to production of 
ships' hulls and equipment 


will rise by 6.5 per cent to 
£573 millions, and tot on 
naval weapons systems by 
12^5 per cent to £938 millions. 
Overall, spending on sea 
equipment will increase by 
6.2per cent to £2.2 billions. 
This level of spending re- 
flects decisions mainly taken 
some time ago, such as to 
ordering of frigates to replace 
ships lost m the Falklands 
conflict in 1982, and more 
recently the ordering of to 
first Type 23 Duke-class frig- 



- P ERSIAN CARPET TTtADffilGCQ. LTD. (SffK^ 1954) 

Priortoforedosura, city wskmant bankbs hare suspended itacfinga^instractBdaudtangereto 

Many VWVV9 W V1. - 


M ru ?5??52! al *** AfehsntetaiVCafisl Rum* Caucasus and riha hand weaving evtfrasor 
The East There are many extremely yaJuaWeand rare antique urtran, tribal, noraac 
and also s oph is tica ted silk capets. 

MM ^^ MM> ^ MM _ [[ _Goo^wgbetranaportsd from their prstniaes a . 

L SaTI "ssag" 

ate, to first Trident subma- 
rine and other submarines. 
The present concern in tte 
' Navy is about future deci- 
sions, which would not be 
reflected in spending plans fa 
a year or two. 

The main doubts are about 
to rate at which ministers will 
authorize foe ordering of frig- 
ates. and diesel-powered sub- 
marines, and whal decisions 
will be taken about replacing 
the existing amphibious 

While production of sea 
equipment shows an incre as e 
of more than 6 per cent, that of 
land equipment this year will 
be more than lOper cent lower 
than in 198S-86, at £1.5 bfl- 

liOEL The main folk in this 

category are a 25 per cent 
reduction in to production of 
ammunition, mines and ex- 
plosives, and a 20 per cent fill 
in production of guided weap- 
ons, electronic equipment and 

Production- of air equip- 
ment also shows a slight fen of 
i about 2.5 per cent to £2.8 bil- 
lions, although this accommo- 
dates both a 10 percent fill it) 
spending on guided weapons 
and electronic equipment, and 
a 2 per cent increase in to 

Mr Lawson'S belief that 
rates of income tax would be hi 
to economic interest of tins 
co unt r y . Bat sack a redaction 
coaM only have a gradual 

credit for to money tot ft is 
spending. It has foiled con- 
spicuously to get to political 

in reaT trams ov to. 
service. Bet tot fi a pattern 

tnc l i 1 virus ivtrw i 14 i^ov* 

iiumc ni^ico 

casts doubt on 

£50m plan 
for new 
fleet of 

to reform the rates I Tk* DiwJ MaMiMu.1 V . 

I. ., V 


• : v 

Government proposals to 
reform the rates would "wd 
huge safety nets to prevent 
_ unequal shifts in the amount 
householders pay, according 
Jp an independent study pub- 
lished yesterday. ' 

_ The Chartered Institute of 
Public Finance and Accoun- 
tancy calculates that, under 
some of the options outlined 
in toe Government's rate re- 
KF5L. Green Paper, about 
*3.500 million oat of the 
present £11.800 million in 
government grant would need 
to be redistributed to cancel 
out the effects of change. 

The institute also says, that 
the proposal to introduce, a- 
national rate on business 

By Colin Hughes 

premises, and pool the pro- 
ceeds centrally, would mean 
centraL ’ government- having 
control of 75 per cent of local 
government funds. At present 
central grants make up 44 per 
cent of local spending. 

The CIPFA analysis is cer- 
tain to fuel criticism of the 
'Government's claim that the 
Green Paper proposals would 
improve accountability. 

Th e Green Paper suggested 
replacing domestic rates with 
a new- “community charge”, 
which would be the same for 
all adults in each local author- 
ity area. But even with large 
safety nets, and the needs of 
each council balanced across 
the whole country, people in 

- London would pay considera- 
bly more than those outside 
the capital. 

For example, each adult 
living in 10 out of 13 inner 
London boroughs would pay 
between £250 and £400, with 
only Hammersmith and Ful- 
ham, Kensington and Chelsea, 
and Westminster coming out 

■ In outer London each adult 
would pay between £150 and 
£300 in most authorities, with 
those in Haringey paying£422 
and £371 in Brent. Outside* 
-London most people would 
pay between £100 and £200. 
Paying for Local Government. 
Beyond the Green Paper 
(CIPFA, 3 Robert Street, Lon- 
don WC2N 6BH; £25). 

Tower is the top attraction 

The Tower of London and 
Madame Tusratid's waxworks 
m London were at the top of 
Britain's paid-for attractions 
again last year. 

Between them thev had 

V42.000 visitors - 

-.430.000 at tbe Tower, and 
2..' [2,000 at Tussaud’s —ac- 
cording to the British Tourist 

• But where admission is free. 

tbe way was led by Blackpool's 
pleasure beach, with 
6,500.000 visitors, the British 
Museum- with 3,822,000 and 
the National GaDery in Lon- 
don with 3,156.000. 

Overall visits to heritage 
and leisure attractions -last 
year rose by 5 per cent over 
the previous year. 

After the Tower and Madame 
Tussa ud's came the Alton 

Towers theme park in Stafford- 
shire, the Jewel House in the 
Tower of London. London zoo, 
Kew Gardens, Thorpe Park in 
Surrey, tbe lower at Blackpool, 
Bath s Roman Baths and Pump 
Room, and Edinburgh Castle. 
"Where admission is free the 
London museums were fol- 
lowed by Bradgate Park in 
Leicestershire, the National 
Railway Museum in York, and 
the Burrell Collection in 

The Royal National Life- 
boat Institution announced a 
£50 million scheme yesterday 
to replace entirely its fleet of 
ageing lifeboats with faster 
vessels by 1993. 

The ambitious programme 
will, mean phasing oat tbe 
slower wooden-hull lifeboats, 
which have recently undergone 
costly repairs, with a series of 
swifter craft at all 200 RNLI 

. “This is an ambitions goal 
and will involve doubling our 
normal rate of boat budding,'" 
tbe Duke of Atholl, the 
RNLTs chairman, said at the 
organization's annual general 
meeting in London. 

Already 20 new lifeboats are 
under construction with a sim- 
ilar number of mffafaMpg and 
rigid inffatables on order for 
delivery this year. Tbe organi- 
zation is also developing a new 
vessel called the Fast Carriage 

Tbe cost of the new fleet is 
being met by a reserve fund, 
which has already covered 10 
per cent of the spending. The 
rest of the money wifi! be found 
by increased fund-raising and 

After the announcement, the 
Duke of Kent, president of the 
RNLI, presented bravery 
awards to Coxswain Ronald 
Cannon, of Ramsgate, Acting 
Coxswain Peter Bisson, of St 
Peter Post, and Helmsman 
Alan Clarke, of Hunstanton. 

- . v . v ?vA>£< 

Solicitors’ historic 
day in High Court 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Mr Leo Abse, Labour MP - Outride the court, Mr Abse 
for Torfaen, was the first of said he had fully supported the 
three solicitors who made test case by Mr Smith and his 
legal history yesterday when solicitor. 

Sr < s»?ju3ss u- jSaffSr^SS 

High Court .And Mr Brett, attired iq the 

Last Friday Lord Lane,- robe and collar bands-hired for 
Lord Chief Justice. • an- ifce hearing raid he looked 
nounced on behalf of all High forward to the day when it 
Court and Court 6T Appeal .would be left to Ibedient to 
judges a change in theories to -say_ whether he wanted his 
allow solicitors lb appear be- solicitor, or his barrister to 
fore them, albeit only in a appear for him in court, 
limited number of cases.'. the case ended the libel 
\ csterda> the courpoom proceedings with Mr Smith 
was crowded to heir Mr Abse and Radio Trent, which 
and two other solicitors read broadcast tbe MP*s remarks, 
the terms of the settlement m accepting those remarks were 
the IiM action agamsr Mr “deeply offensive and hurtfiiT 
Cynl Smith. Liberal MP for and “potentially defamatory if 

Honoured tifeboatmen are, (left) Acting Coxswain Peter Bisson, Bronze Medal: Coxswain 
Ronald Cannon, Silver Medal; and Helmsman Alan Clarke, Bronze Medal (Photograph: 

John Manning). 

Just what 

NXJJ asks 
Biffen to 
halt Times 

The National Union of 
Journalists yesterday called on 
the House of Commons Com- 
mittee of Privileges to recon- 
sider its move to punish The 
Times and Mr Richard Evans, 
its lobby reporter, over a 
leaked report. 

In a letter to Mr John 
Biffen. Leader of the House of 
Commons. Mr Jacob 
Ecclestone, the union's deputy 
general secretary, said he be- 
lieved such action would have 
“the most serious effect on 
relations between Parliament 
and the press". 

The committee is recom- 
mending to MPs that Mr 
Evans be barred from the 
Commons for six months. It 
found that he had committed 
a serious contempt of Parlia- 
ment by leaking a draft report 
of the environment select 
committee on nuclear waste. 

The recommendation - for 
his suspension and also the 
withdrawal of one Times lob- 
by pass - is likely to be voted 
on in the Commons before the 
Whitsun recess on May 23. 

Mr Eceleston said that Par- 
liament would come into 
some disrepute and democra- 
cy would suffer. 

“It seems to me that the 
purposes and duties of Parlia- 
ment and the press 'are con- 
stantly separate, generally 
independent and sometimes 
diametrically opposite'. 

made during ine Fafklands 

The settlement of the case, 
started almost four years ago. 
has been held up because Mr 
Smith took up the cause of 
solicitors' rights to appear in 
the High Court. He wanted his 
own solicitor. Mr Alastair 
Brett, to read the libel settle- 
ment and not pay a barrister 
to do the job. 

Sir John Donaldson, Master 
of the Rolls, refused permis- 
sion, but referrred the whole 
issue to the “college of judges” 
who announced their decision 
Iasi week. 

gized. acccepting that none of 
the 25 MPs was a “traitor” or 
“guilty of treason ” as had 
been su^esied, but bad acted 
throughout the FalkJands cri- 
sis with “Britain’s best inter- 
ests at heart”. 

But it is unlikely to be tbe 
end of the delate on rights of 
audience. Solicitors specializ- 
ing m civil litigation have 
passed a resolution calling for 
a renewed campaign. The 
judges' direction, they say. 
does not go far enough and 
they wfll press for the door to 
be opened wider. 

After makfrp their historic appearance hi the High Court, 
Mr AheSftBrett (left), Mr Lee -Abse, and Mr David Mass* 
(photograph: Ros Drinkwater). / 


At IBM, we’ve realised something you probably realised 
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Chernobyl aftermath: Europeans squabble as Russians clean up 




A meeting toby of EEC 
technical experts to decide 
permissible radiation levels 
tor foodstuffs in Western Eu- 
rope could undo a hard-won 
compromise reached by the 
Community’s Foreign Minis- 
ters late on Monday night. 

Officials said yesterday that 
Monday’s agreement— oxi the 
application of common stan- 
oanb for the monitoring of 
food traded within the EEC— 
followed a week of di s agra o- 
®raf and confusion. and was 
only reacted “pending the 
definition of values to be 
agreed on the basis of scientif- 
ic data”. 

Some; EEC officials daim 
foe measures are bec oming 
increasingly irrelevant, partly 
■because radiation: ieveb are 
railing and partly because 
member stales have already 
taken their own jrrecautions to 
protect consumers. 

iogwill not 

Finuu Richard Owen*Brasseis 

tie-open the debate 
and revive the dash of nation- 
al interests that arose almost 
as soon as the Commission 
first mooted its proposals 
more than a week aea 
The EEC is couscioos of the 
caused to -its. already 
image fay Hs slow and 
; fragmented reaction to Qttrn- 

Germany and other major 

dairying narinne, 

As the Foreign Ministers 
ended their two-day 
yesterday. West 
rials said they had given 
assurances that strict EEC 
standards would be applied by 
Bonn to East Germany, which 
was excluded from foe list of 
East- European nations whose 

obyL It claims the delay arose. ' foodstuffs were himned. 

because of a Krtiray between 
the proposed ban on food 
imports from seven East Euro- 
pean nations and tbe scale for 
the monitoring of radiation 
within the EEC ... . 

The food ban is now in force 
following Monday’s compro- 
mise, but Italy maintains that 
tire internal EEC scale dis- 
criminates against vegetables 
—which form a large part of its 
food exports — while applying 
less strict standards to milk, 
which is important to West 

Meanwhile, Mrs Lynda 
'Chalker, the British Minister 
of State at the Foreign OfBce, 
has defended Monday’s agree- 
ment even though many EEC 
officials have been saying that 
the agreed formula — that 
member states “will not apply 
to products ori ginatin g in 
other member states more 
restrictive maximum tol- 
erances than those applied to 
national products” — is so 
vague that it leaves room fra* 
further acrimony. 

film cut 

Rome — The fifth anniver- 
sary of the attempt on the 
Pope’s life yesterday was 
marked by an unprecedented 
judicial decision to order not 
only cuts in a TV film on the 
event but also to change its 
conclusions (Peter Nichols 

Stale television here 
pared an elaborate 
me consisting of a 

The stages leading to foe entombment of the reactor to protect ffatnre generations from the further spread of radiation. 

Reactor comes off the critical list 

» . 

i . 

‘Risk taken 9 in building plant 

New York (NYT) - A 
month before foe Chernobyl 
disaster a Ukrainian journal 
reported that there were man- 
.agenal and labour problems at 
the nuclear power plant. • 

It also said that the bead of 
construction at Chernobyl 
“look a risk” in 1984 m 
suggesting that work on the 
No S unit be speeded nptoput 

it into operation in 1986 
instead of 1987. Unit 5 was 

under construction at the time 

of the accident, which in- 
volved Unit 4, in operation 
since 1983. * 

The description of condi- 
tion at Chernobyl, published 
in the literary monthly 
Viidiyzm, was foe second 
criticism of the plant to appear 

in a Kiev publication in 
March. The literary newspa- 
per Literatumaya Ukraina re* 
ported on March 27 that sub- 
standard. construction was 

The Vitefiyzna article indi- 
cated that the construction 
chiefs interest in an acceler- 
ated construction schedule 
was related to tire shortage of 
fossil fuels in the Ukraine. 


The acute phase of the 
disaster at the Chernobyl nu- 
clear power station has ended. 

The reactor has come off the 
critical list and has begun a 
period of intensive care, be- 
fore it is eventually entombed 
in concrete to protect future 

Outside the stricken plant 
the cleaning up will include 
removal of top soil from foe 
highly contaminated zones to 
some safe burial site. - 

But most relief must come 
from the Soviet technicians 
stopping the nuclear core from 

through the concrete 
floor oT the maiding into foe 

An idea of bow close the 
Soviet reactor came to that 
catastrophe was indicated by 
Professor Yevgeny Velikhov, 
a leading nudear physicist of 
the Soviet Academy of Sci- 
ences, in charge of the clean- 
up operation. ■ 

He said there was an under- 
ground reservoir beneath the 
station, and it was impossible 
to say exactly what would 
have occurred if it was 
reached in a meltdown. 

A series of steam explosions 
probably would have taken 
place, with contamination 

seeping in to water supply 
systems covering immense 

Drinking water supplies 
would have become danger- 
ous and tire invasion of foe 
food chain would have threat- 
ened many future generations. 

The most urgent work on 
foe reactor is to underpin the 

building with a new founda- 
tion of concrete. 

Water-cooling pipes incor- 
porated in tire concrete will 
provide a heat sink, removing 
the excess thermal energy 
which win be given off by tire 
core through radioactive de- 
cay over the next few months. 

Immediately after the shut- 
down of the chain reaction in 
a nudear reactor, the decay of 
radioactive materials created 
m ihe core is 7 per cent of the 
machine’s capacity. 

After a few horns, the decay 
heat settles down to less than 
per cent of the reactor’s 

- Entombment was already 
being studied as one way of 
decommissioning old reac- 
tors. But that was expected 
after spent fuel had been 
removed, and much of foe 
associated pipework had been 
dismantled for disposal. 

Israel fails 
in Syria 
talks offer 

From Ian Mmxay 

There cmdd be so negotiat- 
ed peace with Syria while; 
President Assad renamed its 
rater, Mr Shimon Ptereij tire 
Israeli Prime Minster, i 

Israel had made an fadfrecd 
effort to start talks with Syria] 
both at n l ocal lewd and a the 
con t ext tf cmprehensl v t. re- 
goBatnm, ne saw. . ■ 
la an inte rvi e w fo in a ifr flu I 
38ft aonrreisary of the tbra-f 
dation of the Jewish slate, w 
said that there had heen^h 
negative response from Da- 
mascus <ra both. But there had 
been some hesitation before 
the refusal had come to talks 
of a Itanted nature. 

Instead l of agreeing total 
according to Isndh- deft 
sources, Syria has been bafld- 

a milit ar y iufras fancti u e 
in southern Lebanon indecent 
which could be used 
to attack Israel's northern 

The Defence Ministry says] 
that, although no Syrian! 
troops have been deployed in| 
the area, near Lake Kannn in 
south-eastern Lebanon at the 
southern end of the Beta* 
VaBey, fortifications, gnus and 
tank emplacements have been 
constructed ready for immedi- 
ate use. 

The gun emplacements, 
dose enough to the border far 
artillery to bombard northern 
Israel even without a Syrian 
advance, ft is churned. > 

• TEL AVTV: President 
Herzog of Israel has freed two 
Jewish prisoners who belong 
to an anti-Arab underground 
gro up hi honour of Israel's 
Independence Day, his spo- 
kesman raid (Renter reports). 

MeanwhBe three Israeli ci- 
vilians were woanded when 
guer rillas in sooth L e banon 
fired Katyusha rockets into 
Galilee, mOitsiy sources said. 

Banquet farewell to Japan 

Ministry paid 
for anti- Arab 
settler rallies 

Israel's Interior Minfetry 
has been supplying much of 
the money used to fund airo- 
Arab demonstrations on the 
occupied West Bank, to pay 
for the legal protection .of 
Jewish settlers, and for 3 
on West Bank Arabs and 
Jewish sympathizers (Ian 
Murray writes). . 

This emerges from the latest 

report of foe State Comptrol- 
ler, Mr Yitzhak Tunik, who 
acts as lire nation^ wat chd og. 

He found that nmnsny 
subsidies have been 
up nearly two-thuds oftne 

bassets- m 

shekels (£230.000) out of a 


dents accused of “reacting to 
paid 55-000 id 

3 «g5 

information on tire West bant 


The Princess iff Wales and 
foe way to a baaqaet at foe 

Ethiopians seize Band 
Aid cargo for rebels 

By Rk£axd Bowden 

* Ethiopian officials have 
seized a Band Aid consign- 
ment of hospital equipment, 
drags and banket s 
for rebel-held areas of Eritrea 
and E rirtrea n refugees in Su- 
dan, a spokesman for the 
organization said yesterday. ' 

In retaliation foe Charity is 
withholding nearly £600,000 
of aid allocated to- foe gov- 
emrnent relief programme. 

-The consignment was on 
board The Star, foe Band Aid 
•ship, -which was alsocarryinga 
shipment of seed potatoes 
earmarked fire the Efoibpian 
relief programme. While the 
potatoes were being unloaded 
at the port of. Assab: hi 
Ethiopia, officials noticed foe 
test of the carga 

The Band Aid crew told 
them the blankets and medical 
equipment were going to Eri— 
means andwece lobe tmload- 
ed at PortSn dan- T heoffirials 
promptly c onfi s cated them. A 

Band Aid spokesman said in 
London: “We were outraged 
and have taken tire necessary 
. . steps to try to get the consign- 
ment released^ 

Most Western aid agencies 
discreetly help both shies in 
Ethiopia’s civil wars, and 
yesterday sortie of their 
spokesmen privately were 
critical of Band Aid’s dumsi-. 
. ness in putting foe Eritrean aid 
under, foe Ethiopians’ noses. 

- Last year Band Aid lost a 
specially-adapted lorry des- 
tined for Eritrea in similar 
circumstances. Masked “To 
the people of Eritrea with love 
from the people of Watford”, 
it was on board a vessel being 
unloaded at Assab when it was 
spotted by the Ethiopians. 

• ADDIS ABABA: World Vi- 
rion, a private aid agency 
working among Ethiopia's 
famine victims, has pulled its 
workers out ofTigre province 
after increased threats from 
anti-government guerrillas 
(Renter reports). - 

From David Watts, Tokyo 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales bade fere well to Japan 
last night at a samp t ao a s 
palace banquet given by Ero- 
. p eror HirDhfto with 18 other 
■embers of the Imperial 

They sat at a flower ^ trewn 
table. The Princess, m a 
sapphire blue everting dress 
with a diamond and sapphire 
headband, was to the right of 
foe Emperor with Prince EBro 
to ho* left. Her dress was the 
work of a Japanese designer, 
Yaki, based , in London. The 
Prince sat next to the heir to 
the throne, Crown Prince 


The dhmer was the final 
event of their five-day tour. 

The ■ modern relationship 
between the two countries was 
weO flhstcated in a luncheon 
speech yesterday by the Prince 
of Wales to foe leading Japa- 
nese economic oreanizatioes- 
He said: “Britam mast emu- 
late the test practices of Japan 
in planning, if. 

sifieace and innovation.'' He 
called for more Japanese in- 
vestment in Britain, recalling 
his visits with the Princess to 
Japanese factories in Wales. 

The royal couple’s engage- 
ments yesterday began with a 
visit to the televiaoa studios of 
NHL foe Japanese eqmva- 
lent of the BBC, where they 
watched fihniag of an histori- 
cal drama series. While the 
Prince saw the new offices of 
the British Council, foe Prin- 
cess visited a Red Cross 
hospital where she saw or- 
phaned aad sick children. 

. The question of foe Prin- 
cess’s possible pregnancy 
dominated the day after a 
London newspaper reported 
that she was expecting a duld 
in November. Mr Victor 
Chapman, the royal couple’s 
press spokesman, said: “The 
Princess has authorized me to 
say here, and in Vancouver, 
that she is not pregnant.” 

He said he had not toU foe 
Princess of the latest story. 
“We don't report every specu- 
lative story. It is not a serious 
story as far is we are 

Pressed farther, he added: i 
“The Princess has said she is 

not pregnant A woman knows 

when she is pregnant” I 

Moves to end apartheid 

Mediators Bill to give blacks 

land-owning right 

From Michael Hornsby 

Members of the Common- 
wealth Eminent Persons 
Group began crucial discus- 
sions in Cape Town yesterday 
aimed at promoting talks be- 
tween black and white leaders. 

As on previous visits, their 
movements were shrouded in 
secrecy, and there was no 
official word about who they 
would meet or how long they 
would stay. This silent diplo- 
macy is by mutual agreement 
with Pretoria. 

The group is understood to 
be trying to put together an 
agreement in which Pretoria 
would release Mr Nelson 
Mandela from jail and lift the 
ban on foe African National 
Congress. In exchange the 
Congress would suspend its 
guerrilla activity. 

Unofficial sources said the 
group began its talks with a 
call on Mr R. F. “Pik” Botha, 
the South African Foreign 
Minister, who is reckoned to 
be the Cabinet minister most 
favourably disposed towards 
the Commonwealth initiative. 

Its members were also un- 
derstood to have met Mr Ron 
Miller, the deputy Foreign 
Minister, and Mr Sioffel Bo- 
tha, the Minister of Home 

Dr Allan Boesak, of the 
Coloured Dutch Reformed 
Church, who helped to found 
the United Democratic Front, 
a broad-based anti-apartheid 
organization, was due to meet 
group members last night. 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 
A draft Bill providing for black occupation, and would 

full ownership of land by 
blacks outside the tribal re- 
serves was tabled in Parlia- 
ment in Cape Town yesterday. 

The Bill is the sequel to a 
pledge made by President 
Botha more than a year ago 
that blacks would be given the 
same property-owning rights 
as whites and other race 

It has been illegal for blacks 
— that is. in apartheid par- 
lance, those of Bantu-speaking 
Negroid stock (as distinct 
from Indians and mixed- 
blood Coloureds) — to own 
land outside the reserves since 
the passage of the Native 
Lands Act in 1913. The re- 
serves, or “homelands” occu- 
py only 13 per cent of South 

The Blade Communities 
Development Amendment 
Bill would not give blacks the 
right, to buy property any- 
where outside foe reserves. 
They would be restricted to 
“townships” set aside for 

not be able to buy houses in 
white residential areas. 

At the end of the last 
decade. 99-year leasehold was 
introduced into black “town- 
ships”, though relatively few 
blacks have been able to afford 
such property. The majority 
rent their homes. The draft 
Bill provides for conversion of 
99-year leasehold into the 
equivalent of freehold. 

Yesterday, Dr Andreas Van 
Wyk, the Director-General of 
Constitutional Development 
and Planning, said “any Mack 
who is a South African citizen, 
or who is legally resident in 
the republic, will be able to 
buy property”. 

Given the recent abolition 
of the pass laws, this appears 
to mean that most blacks who 
could afford to do so would be 
able to buy property in a 
township outside the reserves 
under the terms of the Bill. 

The Bill would enable em- 
ployers to buy township hous- 
ing for their black employees. 

Rise ends store strike 

Johannesburg - The strike 
by black employees at South 
Africa’s biggest supermarket 
chain. Pick ’n Pay, ended with 
agreement early yesterday on 
an across-the-board wage in- 
crease of 85 rand (£27) a 
month, back-dated to March I 
(Onr Correspondent writes). 

The company's personnel 
director, Mr Rene de Wet, said 
all of the 90 hypermarkets and 

supermarkets were back in 
business yesterday. He pm foe 
loss of sales revenue caused by 
the strike at S3 million rand. 

The Commercial. Catering 
and Allied Workers’ Union, 
had earlier demanded an in- 
crease of 90 rand a month, to 
which the company had re- 
sponded by offering no more 
than 80 rand, or 60 now and 
another 30 from July 1. 

Bhopal settlement brought closer 

From Trevor Fishlock 
New York 

An out-ofcourt settlement 
of the Bhopal gas disaster case 
seems to have been brought 
closer by the ruling of an 
American judge that the 
victims' claims should be 
heard in India. 

India is thought to want a 
settlement m the region of 
S630 million (about £420 

million). It rejected as inade- 
quate an offer of $350 million 
and the Union Carbide Cor- 
poration withdrew a later offer 
of $400 million. 

About 2,000 people died 
and 200,000 were injured 
when the Union Carbide plant 
in Bhopal leaked a cloud of gas 
in December 1984. 

Union Carbide says cau- 
t iously it is pleased with 

Monday's ruling by Judge 
John Keenan 

A spokesman at the Indian 
Consulate in New York said 
yesterday: “We have got sub- 
stantially what we wanted”. 

Certainly the judge's ruling 
and the conditions be has 
imposed on Union Carbide 
would seem to put some 
pressure on foe company to 
reach a settlement. 

Original version vindicates Anne Frank’s diary 

From Robert Schuil 
. Amsterdam . 

Perhaps die most, famous 
book to emerge from* the 
Second World War Is The 
Diary of A nne Frank, which is 
published today for. the first 
time in its original, unexpur- 
gated version. 

A version of the diary has 
been translated into some 13 
languages. This veraon, how- 
ever, was not only edited by 
Anne's father, Otto Rank, but 
also compiled by him from 
two versions of the diary, the 
Otto Frank, -Anne’s father, original written by Anne, and 
on hfc 90ft birthday in 1979 her partial revision of it. 

The Frank family dates 

May 12; 1889: : Otto Rank, August 1, 1944c Anne's final 
Anne's father , bora in Frank- entry into bCT diary, 
fart, Germany. August 4, 1944: Hiding place 

Spring 1925c Otto Frank map- is raided by German police; 
lies Edith .HoHStider, Anne’s August 8, 1944: Anne and her 
mother. family ■ are - taken .10 

June .12; 1929: Birth of Westerbork camp. 

Anndyese Marie, known as- September 3» 1944: Anne and 

Anne; m-Fnmkfart. 

September IV 1933: Otto 
Rank .starts a business in. 
Amsterdam. Holland. 

her - family deported to 
Auschwitz. / 

October 28, 1944: Anne and 
Margo sent to Beigen-Beisen. 
Jaaaara _fafal94&_Ani«X 

Anne revised parts of her 
diary because of her ambition 
to become a journalist and a 
writer. She hoped that her 
diary might be published after 
the war. 

In the new 714-page book, 
published by the Netherlands 
Institute for War Documenta- 
tion, -aD three versions are 
presented side by side. 

From this it appears that 
wherever Anne revised her 
diary her father on the whole 
adhered faithfully to the re- 
vised version. Mr Frank al- 
ways maintain ed that he had 
left inatet foe essence of his 
daughter's diary. Now that it 
is possible to compare, it 
would seem that this is at the 
same time true and false. 

It is true in the sense that 
foe original diary fad little or 
no new facts smut, for in- 
stance, the conditions under 
which Anne spent more than 
two years in hiding in a house 
on an Amsterdam canal be- 
fore she and other Jews hiding 
there were arrested by foe 
Germans. . 

And yet, in contrast with foe 
ncqlly-edite^ 0111^ 1 j n n 

in which an ordinary Jewish 
child, one of a million Jewish 
children who died in foe 
Holocaust, was able to put foe 
“ordinary” into words and 
bring into human perspective 
foe monstrous incomprehen- 
sibility of foe Holocaust. 

This was one aspect which 
led the Institute for War 
Documentation to publish the 
complete diaries. 

But other motives which 
played a key role were the 
allegations in certain neo-Nazi 
circles in Germany that the 
diary, like the Holocaust itself; 
was merely a fabrication. 

The book contains a sum- 
mary of foe 270-page report by 
experts from the Dutch J ustice 
Ministry who spent several 
years studying the manu- 
scripts and who have con- 
firmed their authenticity. 

Apart from the fact that 
Anne's original diary, unre- 
vised even by heisdC is in 
every respect more authentic 
than foe version edited by her 
father, foe passages be deleted 
are on the whole of a personal 

- — Anwftxanmfe of a hjtforfo 

hiding place with the Frank 
family). On March 24, 1944, 
Anne writes in her diary: “I 
wanted to ask him if he knows 
what a girl really looks like. A 
boy below is not, I think, as 
complicated as a girl” 

Further on in the same 
entry, with her customary 
frankness. Anne goes on to 
describe — not to Peter, with 
whom she physically never 
went beyond the brushing 
together of lips, but to her 
diary — how complicated girls 
are “below". 

A perhaps more regrettable 
deletion because of its poi- 
gnancy is Anne’s entry for 
March 2 of foal same year, in 
which, underlined, she writes 
“Love, what is love? I believe 
love is something that cann ot 
be expressed in words. 

“ Love is understanding 
someone, loving someone, 
sharing happiness and sorrow 
with him. And that include 
in time, also physical love, 
having shared something, giv- 
en something and received 
something, whether you are 
married or not or whether you 

Bet a chilfl.or not Or wheth er 

Anne Frank: complete diary 
of a life in hiding 

life there is someone standing 
beside you who understands 
you and who you do not have 
to share with anyone." 

But perhaps most poignant 
of all, because it seems to be 
foe very essence of Anne 
Frank and is to a sense her 
epitaph, is what she wrote on 
foe inside back cover of foe 
notebook which contains her 
final entry for August 1, 1944, 
three days before the Germans 
raided her hiding place and 
took her to Bergen-Belsen, 
where she died less than two 
months before the end of the 
wan “ Sois gentil et tien . s 
courage.'" CfSe sweet and keep 




















length film, made with actors 
and based on foe pre-trial 
investigation, followed by 
documentary material filmed 
during the maL 
The man who actually shot 
foe Pope was Mehemet Ali 
Agca, a Turkish terrorist who 
accused seven other people — 
three Bulgarians and four 
fellow Turks — of involve- 
ment in foe conspiracy. He is 
serving a life sentence here, 
but a Rome court has acquit- 
ted the rest for lack of 

Musa Gerdar Cefebi, one of 
foe acquitted Turks, asked for 
judicial action to stop the film 
being shown in its present 

The judge accepted his plea 
and ordered the cuts, as well as 
the addition at the beginning 
and end of foe film of a 
statement pointing out the 
source of the script and that 
the people shown as accused 
had all been acquitted. 

Bogota bombs 
blast airline 

Bogota (Reuter) — Three 
bombs exploded at offices of 
British and American compar 
nies in Bogota during Monday 
night, causing extensive dam- 
age but no casualties. 

The most powerful blast 
badly damaged foe main of- 
fices of Briush Airways in a 
central area only 100 yards 
from the city's biggest hold. 

Treholt rails 
off appeal 

Oslo — Arne Trehoft, the 
Norwegian junior minister 
and diplomat jailed last year 
for espionage, called off his 
High Court appeal yesterday 
against his 20 -year sentence. 

In a letter to the court, 
Treholt. aged 43. said he was 
withdrawing his appeal be- 
cause he did not believe he 
would be heard impartially. 

Murder blame 

St George’s. Grenada (Reu- 
ter) — Fabian Gabriel, a 
soldier and former defendant 
in the Maurice Bishop murder 
trial, turned state's evidence 
sterday and laid the blame 
r foe death of foe former 
Prime Minister on his col- 
leagues m the rating New 
Jewel Movement. 

3 die in crash 

Cartagena (Reuter) — Three 
men died and a fourth was 
missing when a Spanish Navy 
helicopter crashed after hitting 
the mast of an aircraft carrier 
during night manoeuvres in 
port here. 

Diplomat goes 

Beirut (Reuter) — The veter- 
an Soviet diplomat, Mr Alex- 
ander Soldatov, ambassador 
to Lebanon since 1 974 and the 
longest serving bead of mis- 
sion there, has returned to 
Moscow and been replaced by 
Mr Vassili Ivanovich 
Kolotoucba, foe Soviet Em- 
bassy said. 

Nato worries 

Athens (Reuter) — The 
Greek Prime Minister, Mi 
Andreas Papandreou, met 
Nato’s Secretary-General, 
Lord Carrington, to discuss 
problems between Athens and 
the Atlantic alliance. 

Bribe scandal 

West Berlin (Reuter) — A 
former senior Social Demo- 
cratic city official Herr Berwd 
Kaiser, was arrested in West 
Beilin on suspicion ofbribery, 
the latest development in a 
planning scandal that is 
spreading through the city. 

Sentence cut 

Jakarta (Reuter) — General 
Hano Dharsono, aged 61. a 
leading Indonesian dissident 
and senior diplomat jailed in 
January for subversion, has 
had his sentence reduced from 
1 1 to seven years. 

Rough ride 

Singapore (Reuter) — Mr 
Dipak Jogia, a London busi- 
nessman. hailed a taxi in 
Singapore but got into the 
wrong car and was robbed of 
diamonds worth £156,000. 

Taste of West 

Peking (Reuter) — Peking's 
first cocktail bar for local 
people is doing good business 
among young Chinese “eager 
to sample some of the West's 
sophisticated tastes” the New 
China News Agency reported. 

Name battle 

Wellington (Reuter) - Res- 
taurateur Henry Harrod says 
he is facing legal action from 
Harrod’s. foe famous British 
department store w hich wank 

! i 



rT-"* T ' * ,tl>. . JXX 

to !_• 

rl J 



Leading Socialists back 
Mitterrand as race for 
presidency begins early 

Less than two months after 
r the parliamentary elections 
'■ the race for the presidency 
r appears already to have siart- 
■ ed. though in theory President 

- Mitterrand has another two 
years of his mandate left. 

- Last weekend, which 
marked the Fifth anniversary 
of M Mitterrand's ejection, 
saw a spate of declarations by 
leading Socialists insisting 
that M Mitterrand, who will 
be 71. in I9S8. was the only 
possible presidential candi- 
date for their party. 

It was left unclear as to 
whether this was an expires-' 
sion of M Mitterrand's own 
desires — he has made no 
comment on the issue — or 
whether it was rather a combi- 
nation of an anniversary trib- 
ute to the President and an 
effective way of silencing 
squabbling between other po- 
tential Socialist candidates. 

The declarations in favour 
of M Mitterrand have not 
changed the position of M 
Michel Rocard, however, who 
announced several months 
ago his intention to run 
whether or not M Mitterrand 
stood again. M Rocard. a 
former Agriculture Minister in 
the last Socialist Government, 
originally intended to stand 
against M Mitterrand in the 
1981 presidential elections, 
but then withdrew. 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

On the right, supporters of 
M Raymond Bane, a Prime 
Minister under M Giscard 
d'Estaing, have announced 
that they are already preparing 
M Bane’s candidacy for the 
presidential elections. 

Meanwbile. M Bane, who 
has disappeared into a form of 
self-imposed political exile 
since his poor showing in the 
parliamentary elections, con- 
tinues to say nothing. 

Not to be outdone, the 
supporters of M Jacques 
Chirac, the Prime Minister, 
rushed in to say that they, too. 
were getting ready for M 
Chirac's - candidacy. Like M 
Baire and M Mitterrand, M 
Chirac himself has said noth- 
ing on the matter. 

Many commentators expect 
a declaration soon of a similar 
nature from the supporters of 
M Giscard d'Estaing, the third 
of the accepted three main 
leaders of the right But while 
he is doing a lot of talking 
from his comfortable position 
of informed critic outside the 
Government those close to 
him feel that he will wait a 
while longer in order to test 
the political waters before 
taking the plunge- 

The only person who has 
already categorically ruled 
himself out of the race is M 
Georges Marchais. general 

secretary of the Communist 
Party and the Communist 
candidate in the 1981 presi- 
dential elections when he won 
15 per cent bf the vote. 

It is assumed that wide- 
spread criticism of the leader- 
ship after the party’s dis- 
astrous showing in the par- 
liamentary elections in 
March, when it obtained only 
10 per cent of the vote, greatly 
influenced his decision. 

While the presidential elec- 
tions are not due until 1988. 
President Mitterrand is free to 
resign and thus provoke an 
early election. 

At present “cohabitation” 
appears to be working well, 
largely no doubt because M 
Mitterrand has agreed to hand 
over almost total power to the 
new right-wing majority to get 
on with the task of governing. 
But a crisis, provoked deliber- 
ately or not by either side, 
could arise at any lime. 

If a presidential election 
were held tomorrow the latest 
polls suggest that only M 
Chirac would be in a position 
in a straight two-way fight to 
beat M Mitterrand or M 
Rocard. but only by a two- 
point margin. A large majority 
of people hope that the elec- 1 
lions will not take place until 
the end of M Mitterrand’s 
mandate, however. 

. * 

, * h 




Accused Libyans say they were tortured 

Two Libyans — All al-Ecefli Ramadan 
(left) ana Rejab Modttnr al-Kohoma 
Tarhounf — asked to be medically 
examined for signs of torture when 
they appeared before a state security 
oonrt in Ankara yesterday accused of 

the attempted bombing of a US 
officers’ dob on April 18, bat their 
reqoest was rejected (Rasit GurdOek 
writes from Ankara). Instead they 
heard the prosecutor demand prison 
terms of between 12 and 20 years. 

Italy expels Gadaffi envoy 

Rome (Reuter) — Italy yes- 
terday ordered the expulsion 
of a diplomat from the Libyan 
consulate in Palermo for en- 
gaging in activities incompati- 
ble withhis status. 

A Foreign Ministry spokes- 
man said the expulsion should 
not be seen as a reprisal for 
Libya’s expulsion of 36 Euro- 

peans, including 25 Italians, 
announcedon Monday. 

The expulsions by Libya 
were in retaliation for an EEC 
decision to cut the number 
and activities of Libyan diplo- 
mats after the Community 
accused Libya of backing in- 
ternational guerrilla violence. 

• Inquiry ordered: Senator 
Giovanni Spadolini, the Min- 
ister of Defence, h as ordered, 
an inquiry into allegations - 
made by Ambrogio Viviani, a 
former, head . of. the military 
intelligence service, to the 
magazine Panorama, of Ital- 
ian aid given to Colonel 
Gadaffi (Peter Nichols writes): 

Spy web 

' From Harry Debelins . . 
. Madrid . 

A British tradercever wem- 

TWA gives 
business travellers 
special care and attention. 
Special Ambassador Class 
check-in. And separate 
section in the plane. 

O comfortand taxation 

f TWAs Ambassador Class gives 

business travellers a 
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Leading the way to the USA 

set bombs wrier lie direct™ London, bm i n to y 

- ny is open to prosecution for 
of a Synu secret agent woric- breaking, the Conviction 

***8 fty France, were part of a- ^ 1BB ^ r wra pmy . ofifenbes ' can 

!* v **- SpodiS^r^ 

posed here yesterday. . 

Tbe fiberal daBy Diario-16, “No arrests have been 
aud its sister pubticatien, made, nor are any expected in 
Spam’s leading news weekly, the immediate '- future. 

Cambio-14, both dafared that 
an unnamed MIS agent, who 

ssman said later yester- 
“But the search ' is still 

tired with a Libyan stndent going on. and many docu- 
T wmrt y ex pelled from Spate, ments have been seized. That 

Madrid abootUbyan tenorist TheAzg 
plans even before the murder small- ins 
of WPC Yvonne Ffetdur oah. Hamburg 
side the Ubyan embassy in bwkting c 
London te 1984. ... / Bueoos A 

aafl l ean say at present " 
TbeAigeniineNavyhad a 
small- imqfectioD team in 
Hamburg overseeing the 

de the Ubyan embassy in bmWing of four, frigates for 
mdoH in 1984. - ■ - ; >■' - Bueoos Aires at the. Blohra 

.. .. - - und Voss shipyards when the 

The same pablkatfons re- ftlBands warbroke out 

ported tint ^ F*™*3**** | : S^says the^peltedcom- 

nussum inXondon saw this a 
dueffteSpate of “T hqCaH of golden of^XHtuxiIty to sei up a 
Jesis Christ, W»s recruited ««« arms-huvinc base in Eu- 

by French iuteffigaice services 

new anns-buying .base in Eu- 
rope. ft moved into a building 

douhfo^mt last year, ^ertookmg -Hamburg’s free 
alter Qgteg oapu m commo - post; suddenly expanding the 
gon with an attempt to bomb a Argentine naval presence to 
P»ns synagogue. 60 pet^le. - 

tion with an attempt to bomb :a 
Paris synagogue. " • 

The^ respected Madrid dafty — — — 

El Pais indicated yesterday |«|A ir 

that Cokmel Gadaffi, foe Lib- UMU IUd V 
yan leader, may not bare been " 

back Qpec 

didonti&Om of die Span- ~ • 

on oil pnee 

Centre for Defence Inteffi- From Tony Saastas 

genre Services. . Oslo " • 

TIk nawpyer mri tt. Mrs Gro Harlem 
jfn S< 7 r 1 ,”°. Bnmdtiand, Norway’s new 

* toch6 to Labour Prime Minister, yes- 
l npou smee iy/sP. _terday i ndicate d that she 

On the home front, an army might reverse the policies of 
coknel who was charged on her predecessors and co-oper- 
Mtmday with absence witiunn ate with the Organization of 
leave, in connection with tus . Petroleum Exporting Coun- 
alleged visit to Tripoli and tries to strengthen od prices, 
appeal to Colonel Gadaffi for - She surprised her right-wing 
funds for right-wing extern- critics with a cautious and 
ists, denied in a radio intoriew moderate speech to Pgrtia- 
tiot he requested financing for meat in which she reiterated 
illegal activities. - Norway’s commitment to 

Colonel Carlos de Meer de cK _ 

really- asked for “money to measures to stabilize oil 

ERgraragrt-:* -■ 

iDtenutk>mi poliriad forces'”. ^ ^ 

• BRUSSEL S; Th e EE C would seek dose co-operation 
shmdd take decisive action to. with non-socialist parties in 
avert a conflict te the eastern coping- with the- country’s 
Mediterranean by opening “most serious economic crisis 
talks with all states involved, , in many years”, 
indndmg Libya, Mr Mifsad ; . Attention isfocusodnowen 
Bonnici, tire Pt fflc M inis ter of Mrs Brand tlancTs proposed 
Malta, said yesterday after austeri ty padnw p^ m tended *n 

talks witti Community Foreign grapple with' the : problems 
Miiri stas (Richard :.Owen caused by the loss- in oil 
writes)...' revenues. . : 

Unita warns Zambia to 
stay out of Angola war 

By Richard Dowdea 

Unita, the Angolan rebel Iy adopted a. strongly anti- 
movement has issued a state- Units line 
meot wanting Zambia not to The border between Angola 

allow its terrhtey-to be used as .and Zambia is in-deffined and 

a spnngtmard for attacks by one of the rbtfles used by 
FAPLA (Angolan Army) or Unita forces travelling north 
Cuban forces. Itis understood from their base at Jamba 

that the Zambians have de- crosses and recrosses it. Al- 
ployed several ' thousand' though it is a sparsely populate 

troops along, their western 
border to ineventthe Angolan 
war from spilling over. 

ed area, an imreasing number 
of :refugees fleeing -fixun the 
civil war have been pouring 

The. Unlta-statement waros Across into Zambia ■ 

Zambia, that it will, “face full : Meanwhile, boa adcs in 
responsibility and the. grave Ai^ttia are preparing for an- 
consequences of the response, other round of fighting follow- 

of oo r armed forces” if Unite .ing' the rep ort ed d^ivery-~of 
force s are a tt ack ed from Zara- Stinger anti-aircraft - 'missiles 
.ban- territory . toTme Unha foreds- by the 

It says that Unita has United States, 
evidence oT**the provocative Presitfem Dos Santos <rf 

movement of enemy forces on Angnla .has recently returned 
theZanrtdan ^bord^. 'from the Soviet Union,- where 

ftesident Kenneth Kaunda he was warmly. receive^ and 

ofZambia was once a personal 
friend ot Dr Jonas Savimbi, 
the Unita leader; and support- 
ed the movemrat tratit, and 
even after, the time the MPLA 
came to - power: at Angola's 

is imdfii5tood to have pur- 
chased more arms.' - 
- Both, the’ Americans and 
Unita have refused to. adntif 
publicly that the Stingers have 
been detivereiMnft 'American 


■ offices of the Aigmtine Naval 

Conan«gon.ia Hambtoc on 
suspickra of illegal aims ouy- 
. tegaround Europe. 

Tlte : Aigeniiiuans -are be- 
lieved to have violated West 
Gesman war weapons control 
laws through qpdauover arms 

; The Commission was set up 
. iit Hamburg after .being, ex- 
pelled from London cn the 
Outbreak of the Falkiands War 
tn April Z 982.. . 

. Stem magmme^ in its issue 
10 be published tomorrow, 
lUflllfvU says commission .officers 

... .scorned Europe during and 
' Mr Panwriaa saM he' had been in after the Faflchuids conflict to 
Turkey ~as a tourist” but admitted ft? Exocel missflesj anti- 
owning six Sori^-mademesades. Mr arcraft a mmanmo n, . torpe- 
Tarhouni dauned he was tortHied “in does, ^radm equipment: and 
an American interrogatkxi centre”. C . *"• 

The case was adjoaraed. - • mfiwwatwm, which 

__ - w fr claims comes -.from secret 

\v\vt wrA k Argentinian dndomatic couri- 
kJiJj WvD er matLis-betieved to have 
• . - A " - triggered the early -mo rnin g 

mrnPUe^ J^^a^oftheFeSSI 

B ft U-WtJ .Criminal Bureau in Wies- 

Sn aniS h A spok^nan for 2he:Ham- 

*r brag puWk proeeemor’s of- 

' From Harry Debelins . free, which >vui charge of the 
Madrid - — investigation^ said: the raid 

* - .. followed the ssaing of a 

mnantby a Hambui, 

lamats centrofling tana ^ Coimmsatm en- 

Si ioyed <Sitiomatic stains in 

and Spanish extremists who t mOan. but in Gw™. 

vp a; .:: 


9 1 i.- 


• Xv l r 

Vs -* 

'x 541 .*.. 


i. • ~ u f ; 

Gurkha riot in 

as separatism 
drive begins 

'V T. ““ * w mun t iA iU d 

campaign fora separate home- 
land in India's north-east, 
domestic news geneses re- 
ported yesterday. 

On Monday at least one 
person was killed and several 
were injured when Gurkha 
separatists in the West Bengal 
town of Darjeeling went on a 

rampage ai the start of a three- 
day strike scheduled by the 
Gurkha National liberation 
Front, an orga nization formed 

Nepal at the polls 

About 60 per cent of Nepal's 
nhre mQtion voters, undeterred 
by clashes between rind 
groups jo which seven were 
injured at Janakpor, turned 
out for the non-party general 
elections on Monday, poQ 
officials said (Renter reports 
from Kathmandu). 

to spearhead the campaign, 
for the moment restricted to 
the Darjeeling area. 

Daijeeting, a town of 50,000 
people, was paralysed fay the 
strike yesterday. 

The Gurkhas, originally 
from Nepal, allege discrimina- 
tion in government jobs and 
in business and say they are 
treated as second-class citi- 
zens, a charge the In d ia n 
Government de nies 
The separatist campaign 
was sparked by the eviction 
earlier this year of some 
10,000 Nepalis from Megh- 
alaya, one of the seven states 
in the north-east Native resi- 
dents ofMeghalaya lad feared 
they were becoming ontntun- 
. bered by immigrants. 

Delhi fury 
at terror 

From Knfcfip Nayar 


•' In -a vehement criticism off 
Sri Lanka's accusation that 
India was aiding Tamil terror- 
ism, Mr P. Shiv Shankar, the 
.Indian Foreign Minister, said i 
yesterday that President 
Jayewardene had ’“tost nerve”. 

Mr Shiv Shanker was 
speaking in the Upper House 
of Parliament on President 
Jayewardene’s interview with 
The Sunday Times. He revet- 
ted that. the President had 
used “intemperate and 
irresponsible” fcmgnage in the 

Mr Shiv Shanker said that 
more than 125,000 refugees 
had already migrated from Sri 
Lanka to India and it would be 
unrealistic on the put off 
Colombo not to realize its 
obCgatioa towards them. 

Opposition members in the 
house assaHed the Indian 
Government for having 
-vacillated'" on the problem. 

‘ “We do not want, to suffer 
’ the.same fete as the Nepalis of 
1 Meghalaya. This campaign is 
to - stop the West Bengal 
- government from throwing ns 
’ out tomorrow,” Mr Kishan 
Subba, a pro-homeland activ- 
: ist, told a local newspaper. 
Comi ng originally from No- 
pal, which borders Darjeeling. 
Gurkhas have migrated m 
their ■ tens of .thousands .to 
various parts of India in 
search of work. There are no 
travel restrictions between In- 
dia and Nepal, so they are able 
to cross the border freely. 

Gurkhas -in India, work as 
traders, mountain guides or 
factory hands. Known for 
their honesty, many of them 
•work as bank guards or 
nightwatchmen. The Gurkhas 
are femed for their bravery 
and the Indian and British 
armies still have Gurkha 

No official figures are avail- 
able on bow many Gurkhas 
are in India, a spokesman for 
the Nepalese Embassy here 
said, but unofficial estimates 
put their number at about one 

Straddling a ridge in the 
Himalayan foothills and sur- 
rounded by lea plantations, 
Daijeeling has been a popular 
hill station since the British 
established it as a rest and 
recreation centre for troops in 
the mid- 1800s. 

• Gurkhas invaded the terri- 
tory in 1780 but their seizing 
of land brought them into 
conflict with the British East 
India Company. The Gurkhas 
were later forced to concede 
defeat, but it is this land they 
now claim as a homeland. 

Exodus as 
army hunts 
guerrillas 1 

From Ahmed Fazl 

More than 20,000 troops 
and aimed pohee were on alert 
yesterday in the Chittagong 
HjII Tracts region of south- 
east Bangladesh to Hush Out 
secessionist gueniQas as pan- 
ic-stricken famiUes continued 
to flee across the border. 

Police at Rangamati, about 
280 miles from Dhaka, said 
that a curfew was damped on 
a dozen villages bordering the 
Indian stale of Tripura to stop 

th Thefl? D t f 
after a ^and I1 rf 8 ^eS^£ 
belonging to the Marxist-led 
Sbanti Bahini (“peace force") 
attacked three Bengali settle- 
ments in Khagrachari district, 
Irilting more than 40 people. 

The Government appointed 
Major-General Nuruddin 
Khan head of a task force to 
deal with the insurgents, who 
want independence for the 
500.000 Buddhist Chakma 
and Manna people. 

Australian Opposition 
treads Thatcher path 

From Stephen Taylor, Sydney 

The Australian federal Op- 
position, often described as 
Thatcheriie in its attitude 
towards union power, has 
unveiled an industrial rela- 
tions policy that livesupto the 

label. , , . . . 

The Liberals claim their 
“charter for freedom” could 
restore competitiveness, to 
Australian manufacturing, re- 
turning to small employers the 
right to settle wage claims 
outside the centralized wage- 
fixing system, which many see 
as the root of an industrial 
malaise. But they say they 
would not do away with the 
wage-fixing mechanism, the 
Arbitration Co mm issi o n, but 

prescribe new criteria for it 

The Liberals would also 
strengthen the seem ballot, 
ban industrial action in sop- 
port of closed-shop agree- 
ments, and pass legislation to 
protect essential services. 

Hie main business groups, 
such as tire New South Wales 
Employers’ Federation, wel- 
comed the document as a 
basis for reducing crippling 
wage costs. 

The Hawke Labor Govern- 
ment has claimed that the 
Opposition’s policy would 
cause rozming industrial con- 
frontations like those charac- 
teristic of the 1970s. 

Island kingdom bars reporter 

Sydney - Australian jour- 
nalism has again upset 

. pnmttrV. mOOCD 

a smaller one t h a n limfesseaa 
which was so outraged by an 
article in a SydneypajwM (art 
month that if cancelled la 

two jtwrnaGsts (Oar Corre- 
of Ton- 

Hell’s Angels 
gang jailed 




on convictions rangrtg 
■ arievons bodily barm. 

subjected >*^S5g^a 
prostitutes m Hamouig m 


•Andrew y^us and 

ga has told Canberra that a 
reporter accompanying Mr 
Bill Hayden, the Foreign Min- 
ister, oa a ton of the SatsSfe. 
Pacific will not be ad mitted 
next week. 

It is believed tint the Ton- 
gans were of fended . by an 
article by Mr Mark Baker in 
The Age, Melbourne, last year 
about the Tougra royal finally. 

Taipei agrees 
with Peking 

Hong Kong — The consent 
of the Taiwan Government to 
deal directly with Belting for 
the return of a plane diverted 
.recently to - Canton, has 
aroused speculation that more 
such contacts wfll be made 
between the Chinese Nation- 
alists andthe authorities of the 
People's Republic of China 
(David-Bonavia writes).: . 

Owitrary. to its previoos 
policy of not. having any 
contact with the mamtend. 
Taipei yesterday disclosed 
that it. was. prepared to take 
part in tfidlcs for the return of 
the. 747 cargo pfeme diverted 

Jni. MS* • w J *** — . - J. - - •• 

Peasants brave torture, jail 
and death in fight for land 

Demonstrators at the American University in Beirut, where no classes have been held for six 
days, holding a rally yesterday to demand the retease of kidnapped staff and students. 

Aquino hope on ending rebellion 

From Keith Dalton 


President Aquino yesterday 
said pro g ress had been made 
in efforts to end the 17-year- 
old insurgency in the Philip- 
pines but that top-level cease- 
fire negotiations still had not 
taken place. 

Secret peace contacts are 
continuing at the “lower 
rank”, and until the leaders of 
the underground Communist 

Party and its military wing, 
the New People’s Army, indi- 
cate where and when me two 
sides can meet, no formal 
ceasefire is possible, Mrs 
Aquino . told foreign corr- 

“I can handle the insurgen- 
cy problem,’’ she said, reject- 
ing former President Marcos’s 
offer to return from exile and 
help fight the rebels. 

Since she took power more 

than 700 people have been 
(tilled in the communist rebel-, 
lion, which Mrs Aquino called 
a “legacy” of the 20-year-long 
Marcos regime. 

Heavy fighting is continu- 
ing in the northern province of 
Cagayan, and at the weekend 
the military Chief of Staff; 
General Fidel Ramos, an- 
nounced that 250,000 mem- 
bers of the armed forces were 
now on the offensive, •• 

By Caroline Moorebead 

Jesds Vicente Vasques, a 
30-year-old economics student 
and chief of the municipal 
police of Juchhaa, in the 
southern state of Oaxaca, was 
on his way to an appointment 
with an official of the Ministry 
of the Interior in Mexico CHy 
early on the monring of De- 
cember 15 1983 when be was 
seized by plain-dothes police- 
men in two unmarked cars. 

A member of the Coalition 
of Workers, Peasants and 
Students of the Isthmus, a left- 
wing opposition movement, he 
was blindfolded and during 
interrogation repeatedly tor- 

Eighteen months later, Je- 
sus Vicente Visquez was sen- 
tenced to 10% years' im- 
prisonment on charges of 
plunder, obstruction, provoca- 
tion of a crime ami criminal 
association, offences against 
public servants and threaten- 
ing behaviour. He was also 
accosed of murder, in connec- 
tion with a shooting in 
Jnchit&n in July 1983. He is 
now believed to be in a prison 
in Oaxaca. 

The states of Oaxaca and 
Chiapas have been troubled 
for years by boundary disputes 
and conflicts between Indian 
communities [ejidos) and pri- 
vate landowners over rights tit 
traditional Indian rwqmmwl 

Mexico: Human Rights in 
Rural Areas, an Amnesty In- 
ternational report published 
this week, says that scores of 


OF conscience! 


Mexican peasants and Indians 
have been killed in recent 
years as a result of these land 
conflicts, and that members of 
the coatitkm, of which Jesus 
Vicente Visquez was a leading 
figure, have been repeated 
targets for violence. The Gov- 
ernment, the report claims , 
has foiled to stop the killing s 
prevent the false accusations, 
or bring those responsible to 

_ Amnesty International be- 
lieves that the charges a gainst 
Jesus Vicente Vdsqoez come 
from demands made by the 
coalition-led municipal council 
over rights to land, which 
brought it into conflict with 
local ■ vested interests and 
promiinent members of the 
ruling party, the Institutional 
Revolutionary Party (PRI). 

The charges of violence and 
murder come from an incident 
daring rival electoral rallies 
organized by the coalition mid 
the PRJL, in which two people 
were lulled. The PRI has 
maintained that the coalition 
opened fire on a peaceful 
procession of its supporters. 
But witnesses attest to having 
sera party leaders firing on the 
crowd from nearby roofs, and 
autopsy results confirmed that 

both victims had been shot 
from above. 

The Amnesty International 
report confines itself to the 
states of Oaxaca and Chiapas, 
but says that it believes that 
other states with similar land 
problems show the same pat- 
tern of abases. Torture of 
detainees has apparently be- 
come commonplace, while 
armed civilians or gunmen, 
known locally as istoleros, 
said to be in the pay of rural 
bosses, seem to be responsible 
for many of the killings. 
Mexico: Human Rights in Rural 
Areas (Al. 5 Roberts Place, 
London EC I R OEJ, £3.95). 

Jesus Vicente Vasquez: led 
battle against landowners. 

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A suitable 
case for 


A’JT.V (CJjnd! - i fSf, SX , ~ 

- - - 1 - 

yj gf-f. .. Eil 

The formula used to decide the destination 

of health service cash is under attack. 

Nicholas Timmins concludes his series 

hospitals with a look at the alternatives 


The health service 
does a poor job of 
selling change as 
being beneficial. 
The public sees 
almost any hospi- 
tal closure as a cut But dosing tiny 
— and expensive — specialist hospi- 
tals and moving them into teaching 
centres is a positive move 

Closing under-used, though 
much-loved, larger hospitals such as 
the Dreadnought Seaman's Hospi- 
tal or the South London Hospital 
for Women and transferring their 
services to teaching hospitals with 
better cover and facilities should 
lead to an improvement in care as 
well as saving money. Shorter 
lengths of stay and more day surgery 
can actually benefit patients, reduc- 
ing the risks of thrombosis and 

All London's health districts will 
point to significant improvements 
in their priority services for the old, 
mentally ill and handicapped as a 
result of the changes taking place. 

But increasingly the formula for 
redistributing health service money 
away from London, with its felling 
population and high level of health 
service spending per head, to poorer 
parts of the NHS is under fire — and 
not just from London. 

The formula, known as RAWP 
after the working party which 
devised it, distributes NHS cash to 
the regions on the basis, broadly, of 
population, weighted for age and 
sex, and using standard Hwth rales 
as a measure of health service need. 
It is not so much the principle 
behind the formula that is criti- 
cized, but the way the results from it 
are put into practice locally, and its 
implications for the future. 

At present, on a national basis, it 
takes no account of social depriva- 
tion or the sperial problems of inner 
cities. Its allowance for the extra 
costs of teaching are widely regard- 
ed as inadequate. It repays districts 
for the patients treated from outside 
their boundaries two years in ar- 
rears and at the national average 
cost for the case. Teaching hospitals 
both inside and outside London 
claim they lose on both counts. 

Individual regions treat the mon- 
ey they receive from RAWP in 
different ways. To put h crudely, 
some apply a fairly mechanistic 
version of the national formula to 
their districts, while others try to 
plan where they need the services 
and allocate the money accordingly. 

But RAWP, while based on 
populations and death rates, takes 
no direct account of efficiency. The 
effects, it is claimed, are distorting. 

Dr Ken Grant, general manager 
at the City and Hackney health 
authority in London's East End, 
where 26 hospitals will have been 

reduced to five by 1994, says: “I 
would not justify keeping the small- 
er hospitals open on health* care 
grounds. We can provide much 
better services in the bigger hospi- 
tals. Since 1974 this district has 
dosed more than 400 beds, ap- 
proaching 40 per cent of the total, 
and we are still treating virtually the 
same number of patients. But once 
we have dosed the smaller hospitals 
it makes economic nonsense not to 
run us at full blast 

“We have the capacity here to do 
700 coronary artery by-pass opera- 
tions a year, but we are funded to do 
only 450. So we stop the surgeons 
.operating. We literally encourage 
them to go skiing, and restrict the 
number of patients they see. Mean- 
while the theatre is standing empty 
in a heated building. It costs us 
£2,800 for the first cases, but that 
would come down to about £500 for 
the last few if we did an extra 300. 
But we haven't got the money to 
make that economy of scale. There 
is almost an incentive to be 

Similar tales are told around 
London's teaching hospitals. The 
solution some general managers are 
canvassing — at Barts, Guy's and 
elsewhere — is to let the teaching 
hospitals go into the market place 
and contract with other health 
authorities that are gaining money 
to provide services. Those that win 
the contracts would survive. Others 
would goto the wall. 

On a far less dramatic scale this 
already happens. Bart's does 600 
ear, nose and throat cases a year for 
Newham for £160,000. The West- 
minster is paid by Gloucestershire 
to do hip replacements. St 
Thomas’s is negotiating with South 

‘We are talking about 
unlimited demands 
on finite resources 9 

Lincolnshire fix* orthopaedic work. 

David Knowles, general manager 
at Riverside, which covers West- 
minster and Charing Cross, says 
that on a grand scale such a change 
would be disastrous. “It would be 
the opposite of rational health-care 
planning. It would pull money into 
London artificially. Those that 
foiled to compete successfully 
would have to cut heavily, quite 
possibly leaving areas with com- 
pletely inadequate services. It 
would be a denial of the aims of 
RAWP and money would go on 
marketing departments, not patient 

Bitter pill: the 170-bed South London Hospital for Women waged a tough campaign but was dosed in 1984 

6 Within the next five years someone has to say that 
we cannot afford 12 teaching hospitals in London 9 

As a short-term expedient to ease 
the pace of change in London such 
deals do have their attractions. But 
South Lincolnshire, for example, is 
interested in such an arrangement 
only for a couple of years until its 
capital spending allows it to do its 
own orthopaedic work. Then the 
pressure to cut spending will be 
back on St Thomas's. 

London's general managers are 
almost universally gloomy about 
the long-term future, not least 
because of the shortage of capital 
available — even after land and 
building sales— to engineer the pace 
of change required. 

Dr Enid Vincent is general man- 
ager in Wandsworth. It is planning 
the closure of the 440-bed St James 
Hospital when a new 370-bed 
extension to St George's teaching 
hospital opens in 1988. Even with 
that cut in beds, she believes greater 
efficiency in modern buildings will 
allow services to be maintained. But 
in the years to follow, another 150 
beds wiU go. “That is when I think 
we shall be seriously reducing the' 
amount of care", she says. 

At Riverside, where in two years’ 
time lough options such as closing 
St Stephens's or the Westminster 
teaching hospital are likely* to be 
canvassed, David Knowles says: 
“We have taken and are taking up 
enormous slack in the system, 
which represents the inefficient way 
London teaching hospitals have 
been manag ed for the past 40 years. 
But in the longer term there is a lot 
of dishonesty about all this just 
being a rationalization of acute 
services. If all the plans are achieved 
on tune, and a highly theoretical 

reduction in the high rate at which 
people go into inner London’s 
hospitals is achieved, and we man- 
age to maintain significant increases 
in the speed with which patients are 
treated, and all the acute services 
are developed further out in the 
region on time, it is just possible 
that that statement might be true. 
But the likelihood of ft all coining 
together is so remote as to be not 
worth considering. 

“We are talking about unlimited 
demands on finite resources. We are 
talking about choices. Choosing one 
thing means choosing not to do 

To some the answer lies in an 
even tougher approach to London, 
an option politicians of any party 
would find hard to sinmnch- Nick 
Cbwan, until this month chairman 
of West Lambeth Health Authority, 
says: “At the moment ministers are 
saying ‘We are not going to dose a 
big teaching hospital, but we are not 
prepared to foce up to the conse- 
quences of funding them property*, 
and they are bleeding them to death. 

“With planning in London run tty 
four separate regions, the city is 
being carved up in a largely uncoor- 
dinated way. Within the next five 
yean someone has got to grasp the 
nettle and say that we cannot afford 
12 teaching hospitals in London and 
we will have six or 10 or whatever 
and fund them and make sure they 
are first class. At the moment they 
are in danger of just spiralling down 
to mediocrity. I do not think 
ministers realize the consequences 
of what they are doing". 

Tacitly, health ministers have 

come to recognize London's prob- 
lems. This year’s allocation allowed 
the Thames regions broadly to 
stand still rather than fooe a further 
reduction in funds. Thai, coming at 
a time of foiling oil prices, has 
temporarily eased their problems. 

. A review ofthe RAWP formula is 
also under way. But any change that 
lets London adapt more slowly will 
comeat the expense of other parts of 
the country. John Newton, general 
manager in North Derbyshire, 
where the gains from RAWP can be 
seen, says: “I well understand 
London's problems. It is always 
more difficult to do without when 
you have had, than to do without 
when you have not. But we will be 
fighting hard to preserve what we , 
have got and have been promised. 
We do start from a much lower 

In the Oxford region, where a 
change in the RAWP capital formu- 
la has already delayed plans for a < 
cardiac unit by a year and asecond 
stage of the Milton Keynes hospital 
by six months. Dr Julian Pediey 
says: “I do not doubt London needs 
more help to get over the hump of 
change But quite simply if they go 
on getting the money and we don't, 
we die." 

And there is one final thought 
Without the pressure of diminishing 
budgets, chang e that can and should 
be achieved in London would 
almost certainty slow down. As one 
of London’s general managers suc- 
cinctly put it “There is nothing like 
a good cut to get people thinking 
about the changes that ought to be 
made." The. question is, is ft all 
.happening too fast? 

A sew dimension is about 

to .be. added 
Australia's image ab- 
road. We bare bad the erode 
jollity of Barry Humphries 
andT Paul Hogan, and bathed 

in the pastoral scenes of 
nft frffligir Australian films. 
Bat on Monday, Australian 
playwright David Wffliamson 
wffi show us a side of contem- 
porary Australia that is eim 
less attractive than Barry 
Humphries' creation Sir les , 
Patterson. . .. . 

The there of his new play. 
Sons of Cam, at Wyndbam’s 
Theatre (Us seventh work in 
London m a_ dozen years), fo 
corruption: crooked pofiti- 
dans and crooked police 
fywfct op in the drags world. 
Within tins be ttarones the 
plight of a newspaper that 
fl tiamp ta to expose this. The 
paper's drcolatfon drafts as 
readers reject reality; adver- 
tising foBs and the proprietor 
deddes that if readers want a 
breakfast food ad world with, 
sua fphiwittg through the win- 
dow, they mast have it 

WHHamson's (day is not 
jast a plea for freedom of the 

turn is society itself. 

Sons of Cain is not a good 
commercial for Australia. 

Hie play has raffled many 
powerful feathers there and 
quite a few people are not 
pleased to see it a rri v in g in 
London. WSHamson, aged 
44, a- former lecturer in 
thermodynamics and social 
psychology, has had a har- 
rowing year since it opened in 
Melbourne before tearing. 

U I was net prepared for the 
st r e n g t h of r eac ti o n . It made 
the right wing of the Labour 
Party Tery, angry. I claimed 
Labour polftkfons.among my 
friends, but not now". 

The work is fiction, as 
WiUiamson has frequently 
emphasized; nevertheless, 
lawyers havecrawled over the 
script and even attended re- 

T he play was bora af 
foil. Williamson's wife, 
Eristea, writes for an 
Australian weekly newspaper 
with aa excellent tradition of 
owstmthejariidim One 
night tie found her with 
coDeames, faming because 
they fait Aar investigative 
function was under threat 
from a- management who 
wanted more Yuppie and 
consumer appeal — at a time 
when scandal afire scandal 
involving organized crime was 
unfolding and royal comm- 
issfous were being set op. 

WOUamsoD says he does 
not know where Australia 
ranks in the . corruption 
leagoe. “Ail! know is that the 
heroin trade exists only in a 
country where there is mas- 
sive con option. Two econo- 
mists have e stimat ed that the 
Australian drug trade has a 
billion dollar turnover with 70 
per cent profit margins, and 
that some S10 million dollars 
is given in cash bribes. And I 
know corruption within New 
South Wales police force has 
been admitte d, and serious 

David Williamson's 
play about dregs 
and corraption 
caused a stir down * 
under. It opens in 
London on Monday 

attempts are befog made to 
dean it up.” 

Despite the diffi culties, 
Wfifiamson raises Sons of 
Cam highly. **It is not cod, 
ironic and detached, Ske an- 
other ptojs. I feel szrongfy 
about the issues . And <fe- 

play is not solemn. A day 
from the author of The Onh 
and Don's Party corid not be 
solemn. .4 

“it is a satirical moral 
comedy. But if l.sdd it was 
gcring to the sold of corruption 
in AostraZfo, I*d be having 
myseff on. Amt ft Is not a 
balanced play. The BA (Eng 
Lit) lot won't approve. Cams 
not firil of moral amfograty 
with the good guys taming 

gays are stm winning, 

bat not quite so easfty." 

One of the most fotrig am g 
frames of the play is that (he 

David WQfianucm: made 
enemies over the play 

fictitious newspaper editor. 
detibciBtefy lures three wom-r 
en far his investigative team. 
Was tins fin- dramatic effect? 

“Not at all. In Australia the 
brat and toughest investiga- 
tive re port e r s are women. 
They have a fierce moral 
cpmantmenL The men are too 

cynical and world-weary ." 

in Australia, David Wfl- 
fiamsoQ directed Sons of Cam 
hhudEi But when the Austra- 
lian Elizabethan Theatre 
Trust, an entrepreneurial arts 
organization, derided ID bring 
the play to London, its chief 
executive, Kathleen Norris, 
replaced him. “She said I was 
not good enough; that the 
directum was too setf-indal- 
aent and needed tighten mo, 

Of course, I minded! Bat£r 
John NoMe is excellent and 
we have raided up with a 
better production." 

Williamson looked gleefuL 
As Australia's leading play- 
wright, he has had so much 
success with plays, films and 
television that be can well 
afford to be generous. 

Linda Christmas 

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Silent sound of success I the times guernsey gilet 

When Evelyn Glennie got top 
maiks in her entrance exam 
for the Royal Academy of 
Music, the examiners were 
sceptical. They insisted that 
she took a second, more 
difficult examination. She 
came first in that as wefl. 

The reason for their disbe- 
lief was not just that Glennie 
was, at 16, one of file youngest 
entrants ever. Nor was it that 
she was that rare creature, the 
female percussionist It was 
because she was completely 
deaf. Like Beethoven, she 
hears music only in her head 
and her heart 

At the RAM, where she 
studied timpani/percussjon 
and piano, she won the 
Queen’s Commendation for 
all-round excellence, and was 
acclaimed as the outstanding 
percussion player ofher gener- 
ation. And since graduating 
less than a year ago Glennie, 

Evelyn derate: bearing uraste 
through w at c hi ng mnarians 

now 20, has been in regular 
demand both as a soloist and' 
orchestral player. Last night 
she made her central London 
debut at the Wigmore HaEL 
The youngest of three chil- 
dren of an Aberdeen forming 
family, she began learning the 
piano at the age of eight. She 
picked ft up quickly and 
passed all her exams, even 



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though she had started to lose 
her hearing through deteriora- 
tion of the nerves. By the time 
she was 12 she had been 
classified as “profoundly" 
deaf, and switched to percus- 
sion. Within two years she was 
touring with the National 
Youth Orchestra of Scotland. 
She left school at 16 wfthsix O 
and three A levels, determined 
to make music her life. 

Sie dismisses her disability 
as irrelevant — a musical 
advantage, if anything. “The 
thing about ’hearing’ musi- 
cians is that they can only hear 
through their ears. But be- 
cause I'm not influenced by 
listening to someone else play- 
ing the piece 1 can create my 
own interpretation of it." - 

She shrugs off ho- achieve- 
ments. “I've been blessed with 
a strong determination and 
faith in myself and what I can 
do. It doesn’t bofl down to 
having hearing or dol If 
I you’re prepared to work and 
I you know where you are 
going, you’ll get there.” 

- Her sdf-taught skin at lip- 
reading extends to identifying 
different accents.“Mu$ic has 
helped me to keep my 
speech", she says, “because 
L'm so aware of the sounds I 

She synchronizes with an 
orchestra by following the 
score and looking at what is 
going on around her. With a 
piano accompanist she watch- 
es his fecial movements, the 
foot pedal, “anything I can 
get". Only when ft comes to 
judging acoustics does she 
need help, “so I can deride 
which beaters to use" 

She shares a north London 
flat with three friends who act 
as her telephone surrogate. 
She finds that the most frus- 
trating thing of alL “because I 
can't always get them to say 
exactly what I want to say in 
the way I want to say it - even 
if it’s only Thank you’." 

Saltyr Eromptoij 

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Coping with life at the top 

Career success often 
puts a strain on 

personal relationships, 
Andrew Dunc an 
concludes our series 
on Britain’s busine ss 
‘amazons’ by looking 
at the compensations 


Name: Zandra Rhodes 
Age; 45 

Job: Fashion designer 
Salary: Undisclosed. *Td be 
worth a few million if 1 got k n ock ed 
over by a bos.'” 

M I was a horrible little snob as a 
child, ashamed of my father because 
he was a lorry driver. I thought he 
should go to evening classes. My 
mother was exotic — 1 don't know 
anyone else with a name like Zandra 
— and she was ambitious for me. 

“I warned to be a designer, but no 
one would buy my patterns, so I 
made dresses from them myself It's 
sad and stupid that fashion is treated 
in a trivial way in this country, 
because rt does matter how you 
present yourself to the rest of the 
world. Look at a royal wedding — 
what makes it so fabulous? The 
dressing up. Oothes give out the 
subconscious message that' Britain is 
still a country to be reckoned with. 

“I’m better known in America and 
Australia than in England. I repre- 
sent the country at all sorts of grand 
occasions. I’m not well read enough, 
but I've learned to be totally 
honest ... not to the point of saying, 
'I'm a real dummy’. 

“A woman still has to work harder 
than any mao to succeed in business. 
Eleven years ago I was refused a loan 
by the bank — probably because I'm 
a woman — but now the manager 
always sees me. I dress the part, look 
feminine and gorgeous. I don't 
consider Pm outrageous — except for 
my hair which I dyed because I 
couldn’t face the idea of going grey or 
wearing a wig. I'm just a Business 
woman who dresses with panache. If 
there are 500 men in grey suits at a 10 

Zandra Rhodes: T like die idea of being a little woman kept by a maw, but I've never fovmd anyone to keep me 1 

Downing Street conference and I 
arrive in pink silk, they're going to 
remember me. Yes, I'm using sex. 

"I don’t believe in Women's Lib. I 
like the idea of being a little woman 
kept by a man — but I've never found 
anyone to keep me. I've had several 
relationships, and most have suf- 
fered through my work. Most suc- 
cessful women' were married before 
success — like Mrs Thatcher. If she 
had been unmarried at 4S I doubt 
she would have found a husband. 

“1 like -the idea of felling in love 
enough to give up everything, but I'd 
probably be back at work in no time. 
That's really what props me up. I 
have an inferiority complex and I 
need to prove continually that I'm as 
good as anyone else. If I stopped 
working I wouldn't be anyone." 


Name: Verity Lambert - - 

Age: 50 

Job: Independent film producer 
Salary: Undisclosed. Was 
£100,090 before she went 
independent test November 

She became a television producer at 
27, having started as a secretary, and 
was responsible for Dr Who, Edward 
and Mrs Simpson. Minder, the 
Naked Civil Servant and other 
successes. Was chief executive of 
Euston Films and director of produc- 
tion at Thom-EML 

“When I first became a producer 
there was a certain amount of 
metaphorical head-patting which I 
resented. I learned to get my own 
way without direct confrontation — 
it’s best not io pul someone on die 
defensive, particularly a man. 

“There is an unspoken. Pavlovian 
prejudice against women because we 
were conditioned at a time when 
men did the work and women stayed 
at home. I nearly married when I was 
20. but at the last minute something 
stopped me jumping into it — maybe 
a subconscious knowledge that it 
wouldn't be the life for me. 

“A women has to be bener than a 
man in order to get on because there 
is still a fight. It is difficult in the film 

The Business Amazons by Leah' 
Hertz is published by Andre Deutsch 
tomorrow at £9.95. We regret that 
details of the book were given 
incorrectly on Monday. 

. . Verity Lambert 

industry for women to get away from 
being secretaries because there isn't a 
career structure for them. 

“If you are successful the jackals 
sit around trying to find something 
unpleasant to say about you. When 
my marriage broke up two years ago 
(she was married for 1 1 years to film- 
director Colin Bucksey) I was upset 
by a gossip column item which 
implied that because I was alone I 
must be unhappy. 

“My marriage didn't founder on 
mv success, but Otis is an all- 
consuming job and if I had another 
relationship I would have to orga- 
nize my life. I suspect that success is 
a turn-off to some men. 

“In my thirties, when I got around 
to thinking *1 could have a child 
now’, I decided I really couldn’t take 
on that responsibility. Perhaps when 
I'm 70 HI regret not having any. But 
1 have a good life. ** 


Name: Kate Mortimer 
Age: 39 

Job: Main board director of 
merchant bank N. M. Rothschild, 
oh secondment as policy director 
to the Securities Investment Board 
Salary: £50,000 

After gaining a first-class honours 
degree in philosophy, politics and 
economics at* Somerville College, 
Oxford, she worked in Ghana for the 
World Bank. She then joined Lord 
Rothschild's General Policy Review 
Staff (the “think tank"), helping to 
compile a report suggesting that the 
diplomatic service should be abol- 
ished. Last year she became the first 
woman to be appointed to the main 
board of N.M.Rothschil<L 

“Tokenism has its advantages for 
those who are made into tokens, 
provided they are not then kept on as 
mascots. I’ve benefited from being in 
the right place at the right time and 
when there has been a negative 
reaction I’ve found it difficult to 
work out whether it was to do with 
me being a woman or too young. 

“There was no sexual prejudice in 
tbe think tank. I’ve been most aware 
of it in the Gty. It is patronizing 
rather than outright antipathy. But 
il’s gening better, particularly as so 
many women at American banks in 
London are in high positions. 

“Joining Rothschilds was a leap in 
the dark. I thought 1 would be pul in 

Kate Mortimer 

a department closest to what I had 
done at the World Bank, which 
would involve talking to finance 
ministers in Third World countries, 
but 1 was given a safe bit of the 
investment division. 1 knew nothing 
about bonds or certificates of depos- 

“I suppose success was a factor in 
the break-up of my marriage (to 
psychologist John Nicholson). 1 have 
a three-year-old son. Thai was an 
accident — whether ‘on purpose’ or 
not, I don’t know. Ten years earlier I 
would have thought a loi harder 
about not having him. 

"I try to be home to put him to 
bed. I haven’t yel had this agonizing 
thought of i ought to be at home 
because he’s going to have a 
breakdown'. It will be more difficult 
when he goes to schooL" 

Name: Philippa Harrison 
Age: 43 

Job: Managing director of 
Macmillan Publishers 
Salary: £30,000 pins 

She bc^an her present job in January, 
after five years as editorial director 
of Michael Joseph. She previously 
worked at Jonathan Cape. Hutchin- 
son, and Penguin. 

“When I left Bristol University in 
1964 1 was offered a job in publishing 
for £630 a year. I thought 1 was going 
to be exploited, so I turned it down 
and went into market research for 
£1,000. After six months of organiz- 
ing surveys I felt almost criminally 
lacking in the relevant knowledge 
and returned to the publisher who 
agreed to pay me £900. 

“Women are perceived to be 
particularly successful in publishing, 
and the talented ones tend to be 
promoted quickly into what might 
be called a creative ghetto, as editors 
or publicity managers. There is an 
instinctive belief that they listen 
bener than men and are good at 
nurturing — but not at management. 

“I used to think the feminist 
argument was wrong, and that if you 
behaved as a person you were treated 
as one. Then, at Penguin, during an 
unpleasant industrial dispute, I no- 
ticed that people who weren't used to 
women on boards — solicitors and 
chief accountants — couldn’t hear 
what I was saying. I dealt with it 
pragmatically, asking my male co- 
editor to make points for me. Then 
they were discussed. It was irritating, 
rather than humiliating. 

“It was never my ambition to run 
a company, i assumed i would have 
a family and two dogs and 1 married 
at 24 (to writer Frazer Harrison). I 
had a perfect ivory tower job. as an 
editor at Cape, which I loved. Bui 
when 1 slopped being married at the 
-age of 30, I realized £2.000 a year 
wasn’t enough to pay the mortgage, 
so I went into the market-place. 

“I would like to have had a family, 
but fife doesn't work like that. Now 
all my energy goes into making the 
company work. 

“The one problem is that I work 
from 9.30am until midnight on three 
days out of five, and never less than 
seven hours at the weekend. It is not 
entirely healthy and 1 don't approve. 
It’s easier for a man with a wife — ev- 
eryone who works hard should have 

Abortion: merely 
the lesser agony 

Paula Youena 

Most young women 
regard abortion 

as a necessary 

evil, reports 

Sally Brampton 

Philippa Harrison 


Name: Anne Moeller 
Age: 55 

Job: Permanent Secretary of the 
Management and Personnel Office 
Salary: £55,000 

She was born in Bombay and was the 
only while pupil in a school where 
her mother taught After boarding 
school in England and Somerville 
Collgse. Oxford, joined the Civil 
Service, where she has spent all her 
working life, becoming the fourth 
woman to be promoted to the top 
tier. In 1978 her marriage broke up 
after 20 yeap. 

“The Civil Service is remarkably 
unbiased towards women, compared 
with industry. If you look at the sex 
composition, you will see the bal- 
ance has changed. The Americans 
have done it in a different style with 

Anne Moeller 

greater stridency. Too much, 1 think. 
It doesn't do the cause any good and 
isn't the British way. 

“Women are under-assertive, 
which is why they are an under- 
represented, under-influential, un- 
der-effective group. To some extent 

it is our fault, bui it also cultuxaL We 
don’t have the competitive approach 
which comes so easily to men. 

“Parental background plays a part. 
A lot of successful women have been 
encouraged as children. What really 
worries me are the girls bom into 
working-class families who 3re stiU 
not encouraged to have aspirations. 

I wouldn't say that you have to 
sacrifice family life in order to have a 
career, although you have less lime 
for it. Women lend not to slay in the 
Civil Service because they leave to 
have families, but during the past 
five years we have been taking them 
back into part-time jobs. 

”1 don't have children — that 
wasn't a conscious decision - so I 
have never had to face those choices. 
Would I like to live in a cosy 
suburban bouse with a husband and 
children? The picture you paint 
seems terribly dull.” 

W endy was 19 when 
she decided to have 
an abortion. Her 
steady relationship had been 
going downhill for some 
time. and. even though her 
boyfriend offered to marry 
her when she became preg- 
nant. she knew that would 
not solve their problems. 

“I didn't like the idea of 
abortion", admits Wendy. “It 
seems like murder to me. But 
it was preferable to destroy- 
ing two grown people's 

Wendy's down-to-earth at- 
titude is one which horrifies 
anii-aborlionists. many of 
whom are still fighting for the 
repeal of tbe 1967 Abortion 
Act. which legalized abortion 
under certain circumstances. 
Yet, according to a book 
published tomorrow*, Wen- 
dy’s view reflects a growing 
feeling among young women, 
who. much as they may 
dislike the idea of abortion, 
believe they are entitled to 
the choice of maintaining 
their education, career or 
personal freedom rather than 
having an unwanted child 
Basing her research on the 
personal experiences of 150 
women, writer Angela Neus- 
tatter found that “the chang- 
ing perspectives, the concern 
with women's rights through- 
out the past years, have had 
an impact on the thinking of 
the young of all classes". 

Neustatter stresses that, 
contrary to the claims of anti- 
abortionists - who say that 
making abortion legal and 
available results in women 
using it as a form of contra- 
ception — terminating a preg- 
nancy is still an unhappy and 
unpleasant choice. 

S he recalls her own 
distress and confu- 
sion she when she had 
to make such a decision. 
“For several months after- 
wards I experienced a curious 
upheaval of emotions, an 
unaccustomed sense of nihil- 
ism, a tuibulencc in my 
private life which 1 fell unable 
to controL 

A major problem confront- 
ing many women contem- 
plating abortion is their 
inability to talk it through 
and explore their feelings 
beforehand Frequently they 
find it impossible to discuss 
such a delicate and painful 
subject with the friends, rela- 

tions and lovers to whom 
they would normally turn; 
the result is additional and 
unnecessary suffering 
Senior counsellor Peggy 
Wakelin, a founder of die 
British Pregnancy Advice 
Service, believes counselling 
— whether done by a profes- 
sional or by a friend — is for 
many women the only way of 
coming to terms with what 
must be done. “I don't think 
many women make the 
wrong decision about 
abortion", says Wakelin, 
“but that doesn't mean they 
won’t suffer. I tend to stress 
that grief is a normal re- 
sponse to abortion, but that it 
is also possible to cope with 

While Neustatter insists 
that her book is not a 
campaigning one. she does 
support the view that women 
should be allowed the right to 
choose for themselves w heih- 
er or not to have an abortion. 

T he anti-aboriionisis - 
led by LIFE, which 
offers a counselling and 
housing service for pregnant 
women, and by the Society 
for the Protection of the 
Unborn Child ISPUC) - 
disagree fervently. 

It is wrong for anyone to 
have the freedom to choose 
to kill, which is what it boils 
down to. says Phyllis Bow- 
man. national director of 

She claims "a colossal 
change among young people 
due to a greater respect for 
human life" has brought 
about increasing support Tor 
the anti-abortion lobby. She 
cites a recent debate on 
embryo research at Oxford 
University in which her side 
won by 160 votes to 102. “for 
the first time in 18 years". 

Bowman believes legaliz- 
ing abortion has proved to be 
a “licence to prim money for 
the shadier end of the medi- 
cal profession". Neustatter 
acknowledges that this may 
be true of some private profit- 
making clinics, but she em- 
phasizes that it is not fair 
criticism of either of the two 
leading advisory services, 
which are both registered 

In the words of one of their 
counsellors: “What the anti- 
abortion lobby seems not to 
realize is that none of us 
enjoys the idea of abortion, 
but we do see thai it is neces- 
sary and we are trying to pro- 
vide a humane and caring 
way of coping with that situa- 

♦Mixed Feelings. The Experi- 
ence of Abortion, by Angela 
Neusiaiier with Gina .V«m nun 
( Pluto Press. £3.50). 

On Friday 

Standing your ground: Should 
businesswomen train 
to be assertive in the office? 

Joys of a new morning 

SffiUi neeu muwumH hiww 

S3-— g&fSSKS . [ 

j* a: |Btiw«TTiore *)«*** aa»*»« nae fenhe Wnct. | 



l_J«****.«e * ; 1 

^ Amid the plethora of 
.# board games I have 
yet to see one devoted 
to the thrills and spills 
of getting up in the 
morning. Vet for the modern 
nuclear household — two 
working adults, two chOdren 
and, in onr case, a nanny — 
there is nothing to beat it for 
sheer excitement. The goat 
get the children to the school 
on time. The many. 

Here is a diary of a recent 
morning. No letters, please, 
from those with 10 children 
and no nanny. 

7.20: Awoken by a hard Mow 
to the genitals from the knee of 
six-year-ohl son leaping on to 
bed (he has been warned about 
this). In a croak remhriscent of 
Robert Mitcham he says he is 
toe iB to go to school, and is 
sort back to bpd. 

7.25: The baby awakes. We 
creep to bathroom and ran 
bath, ignoring baby’s cries. 
735: Out of bath. Dress. 

7.40: Rescue baby and take 
him downstairs. Dilemma: 
whether to change him now, 
with inevitable tantrum, or 
take him straight to breakfast 
table. Decide on tetter course. 
Grave mistake — discover In 
khchca that shirt is soaked. 
7.41: Give baby orange juice to 
keep him quiet Prepare mix- 
ture of Shreddies, Coco-Pops, 
dried fruit and milk (went 
down well yesterday). Simslta- 
neoosly tarn on grill and 
prepare toast for other son. 



Peter Brown 

is wrong. Without pausing for 
reply, exits for early morning 

7.46: Give baby biscuit. Torn 
toast over. Take off shirt, find 
new one (uniroaed). Take oat 
inm, torn ft on, set up board. 
7.50: Throw away toast 
(burnt). Give baby second 
biscuit (rejected, be wants 
cheese). Give baby cheese. 
Prepare more toast and turn 
kettle on. Watch grin carefully 
while 'iromng shut. 

735: Take out toast, plaster it 

with marmalade, present one 

slice to baby, take another 
slice to 31 son. £n route, ask 
-4UHijr.inha norma Hv. .Marts.. 

I have to take car to garage. 
8.00: Prepare more toast. 
Take running glance at paper. 
8.10: Take baby, at arm's 
length, to bathroom. Change 
and begin to dress baby. 

8.20: Baby dressed (readers 
who query this length of time 
do not understand the scale of 
the exercise). Ill sod decides 
he is well enough for school. 
Sent off to dress himself. 

8.25: Wash up. Transfer kids 
to nanny. Pat on coat to get car 
to garage when . . . 

830: Plumber arrives without 
warning to rearrange pipes in 
new extension. How would I 
like them? Make mental 
switch from baby language to 
builder's language; discover 
interesting similarities. Set to 
work moving furniture. 

8.40: Phone call from chief 
b odder to say plumber coming 

8^45: Phone garage to say car 
just coming. Garage claims 
ignorance of booking. Can 1 
bring it in Saturday? 

8.48: Phone call from dis- 
traught neighbour, burgled in 
the night. Front door has been 
je hub fed. Can I take her 
children to school? 

831: Discover that six-year- 
old has taken his shoes off. 

Frantic search. Success as 
neigh boor's cbSdren arrive. 
835: Carry son to car, bearing 

935: Five minutes late to 
school with four chil- 
dren. Looks of thinly- 
veiled contempt front 
,.rhree_ -teachers.^ 5o„^ 




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Despite Britain’s withdrawai from 
Unesco at the end of 1985 
Whitehall evidently remains keen 
to keep a close watch on what's 
going on inside the Paris-based 
organization. The office of Sir 
Goidon Downie, the auditor gen- 
eral, has told Unesco that it 
remains more than willing to go 
on doing the books, as it has done 
since Unesco was founded more 
than 40 years ago. The British 
offer has been circulated by the 
director-general Amadou Mahpar 
VTBow, among the 50 or so 
delegates now attending a meeting 
of the executive board; he makes 
no recommendation one way or 
the other. Some countries would 
like the arrangement to continue 
but others, especially Third 
World, are less keen in view of 
Mrs Thatcher's decision to quit 
after they tried to meet demands 
for reform. My informant in Paris 
tells me these countries may 
invoke a Unesco rule stipulating 
that only member countries can 
perform this kind of task. When I 
rang Sir Gordon's spokesman on 
the subject he retired behind a 
barricade of “no comments". 


British parliamentary pressure is 
being increased on Kurt Wald- 
heim as he limbers up for the final 
round of the Austrian presidential 
election. Forty-five MPs have put 
their names to an early day 
motion by Geoffrey Robinson 
(Labour) linking Waldheim with 
the deaths of British commando 
prisoners during the war. Now 
Reg Freeson has added an amend- 
ment. naming six Britons interro- 
gated in Salonica by the German 
Army Group's E division. The 
“organizational roll" actually lists 
Waldheim as “responsible for 
prisoner interrogation", says the 
Freeson amendment 

Liberty bail 

The passing of the GLC has taken 
its toll of those stout defenders of 
our rights, the National Council 
for Civil Liberties, which last year 
received almost £100,000 from 
Livingstone- Unless it can raise 
£23,000 by the end of next month 
it will have to sack three of hs 16 
staff, having already lost three 
whose work was ded to special 
GLC-fonded projects. Vice-chair- 
man BUI Birtles says a major fund- 
raising appeal is to be made to the 
NCCL's 6,000 membership, 
which it hopes to double. 

Ken and Kate 

Apologies to the level-headed 
Labour councillors of Camden 
who. contrary to my story on 
Monday, have not elected Ken 
Livingstone’s girl friend Kate 
Allen to be their leader. On 

Monday n ight they overturned the 
decision of a weekend Labour 

decision of a weekend Labour 
caucus meeting and elected soft- 
left candidate' Tony Dykes. 


‘Don't smfle’ 

Top of the froth 

The Guinness Book of Records has 
defined a new category of the elite: 
people whose attainments are 
likely never to be surpassed. 
Called, rather unoriginally. The 
Hall of Fame, it is at present a 
motley crew of half a dozen, 
including Paul McCartney for his 
money-spinning songs and Vesna 
Vulovic, a Yugoslav air hostess, 
cited as the world's greatest survi- 
vor for having fallen, without the 
usual fatal consequences, from a 
burning plane at 33,330 feet. The 
group also embraces the intrepidly 
named explorer Sir Ranulph 
Twisleton-Wykeham-Fiennes, the 
youngest person ever to have 
inherited a baronetcy, a thing he 
achieved while still in the womb. 
His dog keeps him company in the 
list, for Fiennes chien is the only 
creature of bis ilk to have cocked a 
leg on both the North and South 
Poles. 1 think Billie Jean King, 
with her 20 Wimbledon titles, 
might prove a spurious member of 
this team, and I am appalled at the 
exclusion of David Gower, with 
his 10 Test defeats on the trot. 


Journalist and publisher John 
Caiman n, who was murdered by a 
hitch-hiker in France six years 
ago, wrote wiser than he knew in a 
1959 letter, to be published next 
month as part of a collection. 
Writing to Nicholas Deakin, now 
Professor of Social Policy at 
Birmingham University, about 
the “new left", he said Paul 
Johnson was “very good" on the 
•significance of. radicalism and the 
changes that can be achieved “I 
often agree with hint, and 1 think 
he'll make a very good Conser- 
vative in thirty years’ time!" 


The Inner London Education 
Authority, newly established as a 
single-purpose, directly elected 
educational body, is unique in 
Britain. Although education dep- 
artments in the rest of the country 
may envy such automony, the 
experiment is unlikely to be 
‘ repeated elsewhere. 

It is a pity thenthat the outcome 
of its first elections last Thursday 
was a repetition of the old built-in 
Labour majority, fn what was 
described as. a Labour triumph, 
they foiled to get 50 per cent of the 
vote. The success of the two 
Alliance candidates to be elected 
depended on a successful recount 
against Labour, The result, as the 
table shows, is clearly unrepre- 
sentative and calls for a change in 
the voting system. 

Education: a lab for PR 

ndon Education , n i ’ P - representation ha 

established as a UV JK.00111 oQUlTC be the fairest sysu 

dinecriv ducted J Ttw» Y«H 


Vote Seats 
% Woo 




























Looking ahead, the next ELEA 
elections should be under a system 
of proportional representation, 
since those who feel cautious 
about its effects would be able to 
judge them in a relatively in- 
sulated situation. 

Obviously a Conservative dis- 
likes Labour's ILEA monopoly. 

but so should all democrats as 
well Political extremism apart, 
the ILEA should not be the tool of 
any faction, particularly at this 
u‘me when politicians of all shades 
appear more inclined than ever to 
intervene in the school curricu- 

Whatever parents, voters and 
ratepayers may feel about an 
experiment in PR (hey would at 
least know their views would be 
fairly represented. There are in 
feet precedents for a balanced 
system of representation, from the 
London School Board in the last 
century to Scottish education 
authorities in the 1920s. 

One argument sometimes used 
against proportional representa- 
tion is the relatively large size of 
the multi-member constituencies 
and the breaking of the so-called 
“special link" between a single 
representative and his or her 
constituents. In the case of the 
ILEA, these arguments are spe- 
cious. The inner London boroughs 
themselves provide obvious and 
natural multi-member constit- 
uencies which, for last week’s 
elections, were the parliamentary 

These constituencies were re- 
drawn as recently as 1982, and are 
to be redrawn again for the 1990 

ILEA election. It is fairly safe to 
predict that by then only a very 
small proportion ofioner London- 
ers will know without being told 
which ILEA constituency they are 
in. whereas a very large proportion 
will know which borough they are 

As for the prejudice against a 
multi-member system, most focal 
government wards, indeed the 
current ILEA constituencies, al- 
ready have more than one elected 
representative. With, the single 
transferable . vote system applied 
re constituencies based on a whole 
borough, and an average of five 
members per borough, most vot- 
ers would be likely to. be repre- 
sented by a member of the party 
they support. 

But the most impressive case for 
proportional representation, for 
(LEA is the diversity of inner 
London's population itself and 
the range of their views and 
'educational needs. Forty-four per 
cent of children in ILEA primary 
schools and 38 per cent in 

representation has been found to 
be the fairest system. 

The New York School .'Board 
(probably the closest, foreign 
equivalent of the new single- 
purpose ILEA) uses it in a country 
which otherwise relies upon the 
first-past-the-post system, Bel- 
gium, with its Walloon and Flem- 
ing communities, uses it So does. 
Switzerland, with its two religious 
affiliations and four language 
groups. Every cosmopolitan soci- 
ety needs a sophisticated doctoral 

Many people hoped that the 
new directly-elected ILEA would 
encourage more independents to 
stand - people concerned about 
education but who have no party 
affiliation. There was a suggestion 
that a “parents’ party" might be 
bom, but with the present voting 
system this is unlikely. Although 
individual parents braved the 
hustings, they had to do so under a 
party banner. 

secondary schools belong to a 
variety of racial groups of which 
the ILEA membership is scarcely 


Id other countries with a num- 
ber of co-existing racial or re- 
ligious groups proportional 

- Education is the focus of atten- 
tion at present, with the govern- 
ment and opposition seeking fresh 
initiatives to allay public anxiety. 
Experiment in a new form of 
electoral control would. be worth- 
while and ILEA is the ideal place 
to try ft. We should get the idea 
moving now. May 1990 is not that 
far away. 

The author is Conservative MB 
for Hornchurch. 

Giorgio Frankel on the rise and fall of Italian appeasement of terror 

A friendship gunned down 


The long and secretive love-hate 
affair between GadaffTs Libya and 
the I talian government was al- 
ready crumbling when a former 
chief of Italian military counter- 
espionage, Brigade General 
Ambrogjo Viviam. disclosed new 
and worrying aspects in a Pan - 
orama interview last weekend. 

This relationship began, it 
seems, in January 1970 when the 
Italian secret sendees provided 
Gadaffi with vital information 
about a plot to overthrew him. A 
year later- they thwarted another 
coup and arrested a group of 
Libyan dissidents and merce- 
naries who were about to sail from 
Trieste. But Gadaffi’s gratitude 
was short-lived since he continued 
to provide Italian terrorists with 
military 1 ‘and financial help 
throughout the Seventies. 

For the past 16 years almost 
every Italian government has been 
criticized for being soft on 
Gadaffi, on Palestinian ter r o ris m, 
or both. In 1973, when PLO 
gunmen killed 30 people at Rome 
airport and then fled to Kuwait, 
Aldo Moro, the foreign minister, 
flatly denied that Gadaffi was 
involved, as some evidence — and 
the official inquiry — suggested. 
Nor did Moro ask for the extra- 
dition of the terrorists when he 
visited Kuwait a few months later. 
Indeed, in 1974, Italy quietly 
released several Palestinian ter- 
rorists and flew them to Libya on 
aircraft supplied by the secret 
services. All this fuelled specular 
lion about a secret live-and-let- 
live understanding between Italy, 
Libya, and the PLO. 

The existence of such a deal was 
eventually admitted, albeit in- 
directly, by Moro himself in 1978 
after his kidnapping by the Red 
Brigades. In a letter from the 
“people's prison" he argued that 
the deal with the PLO provided 
both a political precedent and a 
procedural framework that would 
enable secret talks with the Red 
Brigades to obtain his release. He 
also identified Stefeno Gio- 
vannone, a military intelligence 
colonel, as the man who, while 
posted in Beirut, was in charge of 
the smooth carrying out of the 
informal agreement with the PLO. 

According to various sources, 
Rome pledged to supply the PLO 
with arms and not to harass 
itsraen in Italy provided they 
abstained from terrorist actions on 
Italian soil. But, although Gio- 
vannone was reported to be on 
good terms with the Palestinian 
leaders, he could not prevent the 
PLO from supplying arms to 
Italian terrorists or training them 
in Lebanon. 

Brigadier Vivianfs latest disclo- 
sures have thrown more light on 
these obscure dealings. He con- 
firmed that Moro was the chief 
arch ilea of the informal pact with 
Yassir Arafat and that the release 
of Palestinian terrorists serving 
sentences in Italian j ails was 


decided "at the highest leveL" As 
for Gadaffi, the Italian secret 
services not only provided him 
with vital help against his ene- 
mies, but also sent him arms and 
military advisors and taught the 
Libyans how to set up and operate 
a modem secret service. 

But tire event that most trag- 
ically symbolizes the collapse of 
the whole scheme was the murder 
of Moro himself. His efforts to 
achieve a compromise between 
the Christian Democrats and the 
Communists implied a foreign 
policy oriented to the Third 
World. Appeasing Gadaffi, Arafat 
and the Arabs generally was not 
just a pragmatic way to cope with 
the oil crisis and the threat of 
terrorism but fitted well into this 
vision. Moro. however, obtained 
no benefit from this complex 
manoeuvring. He was kidnapped 
by the Red Brigades on the very 
day that the Andreotti govern- 
ment was to be approved in 
Parliament by a new majority 
wbich included the Communists. 
And the Czech-made machine- 
gun with which he was killed a few 
weeks later is said by a former 
senior member of the Red Bri- 
gades to have been supplied by the 

Nor did the secret deal with 
Gadaffi work any better for Italian 
interests. He has continued to help 
Italian terrorists, to send hit 
squads to kill Libyans living in 
Italy and to strengthen his links 
with the Sicilian Mafia. He is 
suspected of being responsible for 
the carnage at Bologna railway 
station in 1980, and at Rome 
airport last December. Finally, 
Yassir Arafat, the PLO leader, 
blamed Gadaffi for the hijacking 
of the Italian cruise liner Achille 
Laura last October — but that 
seems unlikely since the hijackers' 
leader. Abu Abbas, fled to Bagh- 

dad, the last Arab capital where a merce, described Entebbe as “one 

known agent of Libya or Syria . of the worst violations of • the 

would willingly go. On balance, 
then, the presumed secret deal 
which Italy made with Libya and 
the PLO in the 1970s felled to 
protea the country from inter- 
national terrorism while both 
Gadaffi and Arafat derived benefit 
from Rome's appeasement 

Bettino Craxi, the present Ital- 
ian prime minister, flatly dis- 
misses allegations about Italy's 
lack of resolve against inter- 
national terrorism. It is true, of 
course, that Italy has had some 
success in curbing its own terror- 
ists, but that has not guaranteed 
the same capacity against foreign 
sources of violence. 

After initially denying the 
possibility of domestic Marxist 
terrorism and interpreting it as 
“fascist provocation" (Le. fascists 
disguised as communists), the left 
eventually thought it wise to 
accept its existence. But this 
consensus is liable to evaporate 
over Arab-inspired terrorism. "It 
can't be Palestinian terrorism,” 
the argument goes, "because ter- 
rorism does not benefit the 
Palestinian cause” — an argument 
like that once used to deny the 
existence of the Red Brigades. 
That denial has provided a baas 
for appeasing Libya. 

The authorities’ task has not 
been made easier by the reflex 
reaction of the left in condemning 
any use of force against terror- 
ists — from the Israeli commando 
operation at Entebbe to the rescue 
by Italian police of the kidnapped 
American US General James Doz- 
ier in 1982, and, most recently, the 
capture of the Achille Lauro 
hijackers by the Americans. Thus 
the late Senator Lelio Basso, a 
renowned Marxist jurist and 
chairman of the Rome-based Ital- 
ian- Libyan Chamber of Corn- 

international •. law in the last 

Gadaffi has had a long affair 
with Italy. It may have begun even 
before he seized power, in 1968- 
69, when he is reported to have 
had secret meetings with fellow 
plotters at a hotel in Abano 
Tenne, a thermal resort near 
Venice. If that was was the 
beginiung of the affair, its terminal 
phase probably began last month 
when the Libyans fired two Rus- 
sian-made Soud missiles at ghe 
Italian island of Lampedusa only a 
few hours after Craxi had criti- 
cized the US for the air raids on 
Tripoli add Benghazi 

The attack on Lampedusa will 
intensify feuds within. Italy’s rul- 
ing five-party coalition. Last Octo- 
ber the defence minister, 
Giovanni Spadolini, provoked a 
shortlived crisis because of Qaxi's 
apparently anti-American and 
pro-PLO stance throughout the 
Achille Lauro affeir. Recently 
Spadolini’s tiny Republican Party 
has been joined by two other 
junior members of the coalition, 
the Liberals and the Social Demo- 
crats, in calling for a tougher line 
against Gadaffi and international 
terrorism generally. They rebuke 
both Craxi and the Christian 
Democrat foreign minister, Giulio 
Andreotti, for trying to appease 
Libya and steering away from the 
basic "Atlantic” consensus. It is 
difficult to say whether the co- 
alition is in danger because of 
foreign policy disagreements, or 
whether the latter are only symp- 
toms of a deeper malaise within 
the coaliton. Whichever it is, 
Libya might prove to be a 
Pandora's box whose secrets could 
wreak havoc on the Italian politi- 
cal scene. 

© Hum N4**vpraws, IBM. 

BT— ringing in an unwelcome change 

British Telecom is approaching its 
yearly review of tariffs with more 
than usual nervousness. Since 
privatization tariff changes have 
been governed by the formula 
“RPI minus 3” — i.e. 3 per cent 
off the current retail price index. 
The rate of inflation this year is 
forecast at about 3 per cent 
thereby ruling out any overall 
increase for the 12 months from 

But that does not preclude 
selective changes. Local alls and 
telephone rental will almost cer- 
tainly cost considerably more; 
longdistance and international 
charges will come down and there 
are plans to offer BTs high- 
volume business customers Big 
discounts in an effort to meet the 
challenge posed by its newly 
licenced competitor. Mercury 
Communications. As a result, 
domestic customers — including 
socially disadvantaged groups 
such as old age pensioners — will 
"see their bills- go-up Jby considr. 
crably more than the rate i of 
inflation while the telephone bills 
of big businesses will be consid- 
erably lower. 

This was foreseen at the tune of 

privatization and was in feet 
justified as part of an inevitable 
“rebalancing” of charges to reflea 
the real costs of the various parts 
of the network and of servicing 
differing types of customer. The 
launch of the rival Mercury net- 
work by Mrs Thatcher tomorrow 
has concentrated the minds of 
British Telecom's marketing peo- 
ple and it now seems certain that 
the rebalancing win be introduced 
earlier than orginally intended. 

The Mercury challenge has left 
BTs senior management deeply 
divided on how to respond and 
caused jitters in the City, where 
BT shares have fallen from a high 
of 280p to 238p yesterday on fears 
of a prolonged price war. Some 
executives are opposed to a swift 
response to Mercury,. Whose 
charges will be as much as 25 per 
cent below BTs. They argue, with 
some justification, that with Mer- 
cury aiming for no more than 5 
per' cent of the fast growing 
telecommunications market by 
the end of the decade, it would 

be offered to very forge business 
customers in an effort to queer 
Mercury’s marketing pitch. But 
this has already run into diffi- 
culties with the Office of Tele- 
communications. Its director 
general Professor Bryan Carsberg, 
has written to BT expressing 

less to service than those living-in 
the country. 

These pricing problems are 
more the result of competition in 
the telecommunications industry 
than privatization. BTs problems 
have been aggravated by the 
antiquated, overmanned network 

disquiet because, under the terms ‘ which it inherited from the state- 
of its licence, ft is required to owned organization. Mercury, by. 

charge the same Tates to all 
regardless of size and location. 

Supporters of the plan argue 
that discounts can be justified 
because forge customers cost less 
to service. If some loophole could 
he found is the licence to enable 
the discount scheme to go ahead, 
the implications for other sub- 
scribers could be quite dramatic. 
Equity - would demand that 
proporotionaidy lower discounts 
should be introduced for medium 
or small businesses whose servic- 
ing costs are also lower than those 
of domestic subscribers. 

Price discrimination on the 
basis of volume would lead logi- 

contrast, is a greenfield system 
with the latest technologies and 
consequent lower costs. . . 

Ironically, the BT experience, 
coupled with this government's 
success m bringing down m- 
flation,couId work against the 
privatization of gas and water. 
Ministers ; have proposed that 
something similar to “RPI minus 
3" should be the model for price 
regulation in these two industries 
as well But if BTs pricing 
structure is shown to be open to 

The Chernobyl disaster should 
stimulate a long overdue reassess- 
ment not merely of midear safety 
but of electricity generation mu te 
widest context. For two decades 
customers have paid for ill-con- 
ceived coal and nudear generation 
policies which have added about 
15 percent to electricity bffli 

These policies lave been de- 
signed to protect ihe interests of 
.sectional, interests — the coal and 
power anions, Whitehall equip- 
ment supply companies and the 
ambitions of the Central Electric- 
ity Generating Board (CEGB). 
Toe board’s amis are to 
maximize the incomean d comfort 
of fts staff (in which it has been 
very successful); to build as many 
power stations (preferably nu- 
clear) in as short a period as 
possible; and to tell as few people 
as passible what ft is doing and 
why. • ‘ • 

With British coal costingathud 
more than imported, coal-fired 
stations have been used to sub- 
sidize the National Coal Board to 
the tune of £1 billion annually. 
Nudear policy has been, a sham- 
bles. We have changed reactors 
three times in two decades, fum- 
bled with the organization for 
building, nudear stations and 
poured money down, a nuclear, 
black hole. • 

For years the government has 
spent £200 million annually on 
avflnudmreseshdifwfeilestarv- . 
ing other energy research) with 
negligible return. The exist of. 
biifldmg the nudear station at 
Dungenness B was; in real terms, 
two and a half times -the amount 
budgeted, and fts electricity: costs 
nearly twice as much as that 
generated by the latest owl-fired 

Decision making has been poor. 
In 1981 the Energy Committee 
criticized the CEGB for a "cava- . 
tier attitude to price comparisons” 
and the Monopolies Commissiou 
called its methods "misleading 
and sot in. the publicJnterest”. 

. Despite tire higher costs* and the 
experience of Three Mile Island 
and Sdlafield, the CEGB has 
smgle-mindedly thought audean 
Its case for Sfizewefl involved no ; 
new thinking; ft swept aside 
consideration of alternative gen- 
eration strategies, discounted the 
potential for savings from con- . 
serration, finessed decommis- 
sioning problems, and passed the 
nasty panned of how to dispose of 
long-term nndearwaste to British 
Nuclear Fuels, w hich does not 
have a proven solution. 

Parr of the apparent attractive- 
ness. of_ the board's, figures . for . 
nudear power is based on compar- 
ing it with genexatiou from expen- . 
sive British coal The sums. -are 
further helped by the TriasraVs 
policy of treating thecosfofpuWic 
capital as cheap (5 per cent real), 
which biases investment in favour 
of the more capital intensive 
nudear generation plant 

In America nuclear cost disas- 
ters have hit where it hurts: share- 
holders’ pockets, A recent study 
estimates that electricity from US 
nudes- plants completed after 
1982 win be 14 per cent dearer 
than from coal stations. To date 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

Moreover Publications proudly 
announce the appearance next 
week of a new periodical devoted 
to what is perhaps the most 
popular four-wheeled vehicle in 
Britain today. Yes, the very first 
number of Supermarket Trolley 

Statistics show that more than 
70 per cent of British adults drive 
or steer one of these lively little 
machines every week, yet no 
magazine has ever been devoted 
to them. Many shoppers arc so. 
fond of them they even take them 
home with them. Trolleys even 
seem capable, in some strange 
way, of following them home. 
Every main street in Britain has its 
own trolley Irving wild somewhere 
along its length. Amazingly, no- 
body has ever -catered for this 
modern development. 

Now Trolley Weekly puts than 
right! The first number is packed 
with bright, informative features 
on everything you ever wanted to 
know about trolley-driving, and a 
lot you didn't want to know: For 
instance. _ there's a piece by 
psychologist Ernest Clamphold on 

troUeying’s social implications. 
“If you've ever watched 

“If you've ever watched a 
crowded Sainsbury’s on a Sat- 
urday morning, “he explains, 
“you’ll know that the shoppers go 
1 down_ the aisles without a 
coDisioo • in conditions 
V on a motorway,- 1 would' 
mug about ■&' pile-up in' five 
minutes. How do v/e evolve a 
social highway code for trolleying 
without a minute's forma] train- 
ing? How do we sublimate our 
aggressive, urges for the common 
good? How do we spontaneously 
agree on traffic lanes through pet 
foodsandraorning cereals? Do we 
drive trolleys like Continentals 
when passing the foreign foods? 

. “HI be molting at all these 
uriexamined behaviour patterns, 

, as wdl;as the defence mechanisms 
we adopt when passing for the 

cost BT a tot more to match them . rally to geographical dfccrimira- 

than to ignore them. 

Others suggest that discounts of 
between 1 5 and 20 per cent should 

lion, which politically would be 
far more difficult to introduce. 
Higkrfenfflty.-lown dwellers. post 

challenge, investors might dunk fifth time a married couple whom 
twice about putting their money by now we feel we know very well 
into other monopolies whose pace even though -we’ve never spoken 
control structure is so weak that it to them." • 

» ‘ «»KtaBt source 1 of / There wffl be tips on better 
public debate and a possible target, tro lley driwng'ftom a motorist 
for political tampering. who has made a sneckl stiviu 

straight down the wine shelves — 

- bring die handle round first; before 
the head of the trolley, he explains. 
There will be the first Of a series of 
collector’s columns on vin tage 
. trolleys, plus pjans fra: a veteran’s 
outing at a laige Sainsbury’s. 

Ana there will be the first ever 
m-depth study of that perenialjy 
fes«iuating problem: bow do trol- 
leys move so far from borne? 
What brings a Presto trolley to 
platform 3 at Oslend station? 
Whe n a trolley marked “Not to be 
removed from Paddington” is 
found at low water mark off 
Weston-super-Mare, where was ft 
frying to go? Guest writer Tony 
Soper reflects on these and other 
u ro az i n g migratory patterns. 

.. We’ll also be bringing you a 
romantic short story entitled No 
Lemons Today , , by Gladys ParfaiL 
Carol day-dreaming in the flesh 
fruit aisle, accidentally runs oyer 
the foot of Simon, a young 
sociology student It turns out they 
rave both cut out the same recipe 
tor lemon meringue pie from 
Time Out, and one thing Heads to 
lots of others . . ! 

No weekly would be complete 
without a problem corner, and 
Leu Tremlett wfll be lackline such 
vaned copies as Getting Your 
Child Stuck in the Kiefs Seat, 
BnnjpngSomething to Read in the 

and Spotting the 
Cash Outlet Queue Most Likely to 
Move Fast This week he towk off 
wfo a lotto 1 from a trolleyer in 
■{H™ **? ays she is always . 
being carved up by pensioners, 
?"j, wants to know: Are Old 
Ladies the Worst Trolleyers? 

a * so b* Sartienine ad- 
wce on how to convert unused 
. Plant-holders and a 

use ftf & S 0 !LS? *** raost “aasual 
M a ttoUey. We announce 
Britain s first ever supermarket 

***}£ for adv ® nc ed trot- 

to-UM men, then’ll be 

. . 

Slfrbfllios has been WriSrarqff; 
and there is a further S28 billion to 
write down. No nudear power 
station has been osdered in the US 
smce-1978, .and aB - of . those 
ordered la 1975-7. have., been 
cancelled. ' ' . 4" ^ 

Some Anrerican companies sue 
renovating old power -Statiteva 
policy which the CEGB has re- 
jected; some arc 4 .promoting 
conservation, which is anathema 
to our industry; some are looking 

for offiersoaices of supply, wfetcfc 
is the antithesis of CEGB ntiakinft. 
A number - of peftticboakai 


pr od u ce beat for their processes 
and -power wltidi * soM fo tfc 

utilities. Instead -of wasting, two 

thirds of the thermal energy h 
fuel which happens-\fe. cofc- 
vemional generating pfanfe/tWy 
use^ ^two thirds and waste Csa^KSae 
third. A dear trend is drafoingjn 
the US and- elsewhere .of amove 
away from laxge, ceatiaffif.- nm. 
power stations. Sraalter-ts becom- 
- . tng more e conom ical (none flex- 
ible, more secure, and mqre 
. en vironmentalfy acceptable. '•* 

The eneigy wrid to cbatigta 
since 1979, and it is tithe forties 
CEGB axvf govamne^ to n^ive 
with il Fqr a start we should Mop 
. trying to solve tte wrong probfcm, 
namely using expenave nucte^r 
: power to compete wftfi e^bexetive 
British coaL Weshould reduce the 
cost of coal by importing it and 
ran oil burning gexKxatora~ We 
should stop treating public capital 
as cheap and subject ft to proper 
comuieidai discipline. Above aQ 
monopoly which allows ; ft. to 
impose its (frequently fidtitite) 
views. We should positively en- 
courage independent and compet- 
itive power generation and let 
initiative and diversity, flourish. 
We then might .see petrochemical 
companies and privatized British 
Gas generating electricity, along 
wfth othera large and smalL While 
the CEGB would remain the 
do minant supplier — titoe is no 
point in brtakmg ii np no* .life 
have' it — some - of its modem 
fossil feel generators sftoukl be 
auctioned off or sold to manay- 
ment buy-outs. 

The area distri b uti on boan8s 
shook! be privatized with a dear 
interest in buying cheap power, 
and thus provide effective com- 
mercial countervailing power to 
the CEGB. Tbe resaftkig pressures 
would force the board to be more 
commercial more imaginative, 
and more responsive to a wider 
range of pqtobilities. 

... Wc shook? compel electricity 
braids to - promote beat and power 
•conservation schemes and, finally, 
M^ to increase tbc scrutiny 
.snd^ public accoimtability of tire 
industry , by creating a forceful 
watchdog commission. This 
would ensure that boards act for 
the benefit of theft customers by 
supplying cheap power, rather 
than being easy prey to political 
manipulation by sectional in- 

The author was chairman of the 
London Electricity Consultative 
Council and a member of the 
London Electricity Board, 1981-4. 


v S’ \ - 




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1.-5 • 

• c ; ~ 

. T-" ■■■: •• 


r — "■ .* 

-r". . j . ’ 

; *■ 

.. T 

political tampering. 

• Jerem y .Warner 

who has made a , special study of 
cornering at speed with a heavy- 

laden artr oliev into -the last, figt 

dJ^ s £ ? )otrad to be” a hone 
for this sizzling new 

■ : £*WSF 

jjg gaim ix^sc-: -■?. ■ 



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Pennington Street, London 



People’s verdict on the party line 


Mr Nigel Lawson's outline 
sketch ofa lax system designed 
to stimulate profit-sharing has 
the virtue of promptness. De- 
spite Treasury pleas for extra 
time, it was presented to the 
National Economic 
Devlopment Council a bare 
two months after the Budast 
This i gives real hope it will 
reach the statute book 
Summer. That may be too late 
to change the pay dimate 
before the next general elec- 
tion. It should not be too late 
to influence the pre-election 

The central question about 
the Government’s election 
strategy appears to be whether 
Ministers should continue to 
pursue lower taxes, or channel 
more resources into public 
expenditure. These alter- 
natives need clearer definition. 
Last week’s poll results suggest 
real unease about toe quality 
of public services; they do not 
suggest an appetite for a much 
higher level of cash transfers, 
through public subsidies or 
social security benefits, if the 
Government is to demonstrate 
its concern for education and 
health, without letting slip the 
reins of public expenditure 
control, it needs to refine its 
attitude to the different de- 
ments of toe welfare state. 

On the tax side, too, there Is 
need for much greater clarity 
of purpose. The simple objec- 
tive or a 25 per cent basic tax 
rate has much to recommend 
it It could be achieved, with 
luck, before the next election. 
By contrast, tinkering with the 
tax system takes longer to 
plan, and still longer to exe- 

Yet the Chancellor’s tax 
strategy is m danger of becom- 
ing too diffuse. He is attempt- 
ing, at one and toe same time, 
to cut tax rates on all forms of 
income while disc riminating 

in favour of partic ular sources 
onuses. His latest Budget wasa 
skilful excerise in m akin g 
pence do the work of pounds, 
but working real econ omic 
change costs real money. 

Mr Lawson has now pro- 
vided a modest, but welcome, 
enhancement of his basic 
scheme for the creation of a 
share-owning demo cra cy. In- 
dividuals creating their own 
Personal Equity- Plans will be 
allowed to use the unit trust 
vehicle, providing an easy ride 
to a wider spread of risks than 
a modest individual portfolio 
of shares could give them. Yet 
PEPs offer only very modest 
tax advantages; tor short of 
those offered, for example, in 
either France or Japan. It is 
essential that Mr Lawson’s 
profit-sharing plans are not 
similarly diluted. 

As outlined, they would 
provide the employee on av- 
erage earnings with a maxi- 
mum increase in take-home 
pay, through tax relief of 
about £5 a week. It isa sensible make the tax benefit 
independent of year-to-year 
fluctuations in profit-linked 
income, once the decision has 
been taken to change toe 
structure of pay. The scheme 
is, however, barely adequate as 
an incentive to create toe kind 
of revolution hoped for. It will 
need to be buttressed with 
arrangements to cover fluc- 
tuating national insurance 
contributions, aD of which are 
likely to make extra calls on 
the public purse. It is essential 
that the initial stimulus should 
not be whittled down for warn 
of cash. 

A choice of objectives has 
been' looming ever since the 
Chancellor lost his battle to 
remove the lax privileges en- 
joyed by the pension funds, 
and was forced to become a tax 
tinkerer rather than , a tax 

simplifier. A lower baric rale 
of tax remains a vital aim. It is 
also essential that profit-shar- 
ing should be launched effec- 
tively. The two objectives — 
profit-sharing and lower taxes 
— can be reconciled by focus- 
sing on the effective rate of tax 
actually paid by those in work, 
taking account of aO the 
incentives that may be on offer 
by election day. 

The reception given by the 
Neddy meeting to Mr 
Lawson's ideas showed in 
addition that profit-sharing is 
perhaps the only reform of 
Britain’s pay system certain of 
widespread political support 
Naturally, caveats were ex- 
pressed on all sides. Profit- 
sharing is not an incomes 
policy without tears. There are 
risks of undesirable side-ef- 
fects, both on investment and 
on a company’s freedom to 
expand its workforce. Jts mam 
effect however, will be to 
introduce much- needed 
flexibility into the movement 
of wages in Britain. 

This would not dam p down 
wage inflation when, as over 
the past few years, industrial 
profits are rising strongly. It 
would check the momentum 
of pay when profits go into a 
cyclical decline, and should 
thus enable employers to con- 
trol their wage bills without 
sacking a large part of their 

In pursuit of this new iden- 
tity between the interests of the 
company and the interests of 
its employees, it would be 
worth spending a good deal 
more in tax relief than the 
“temporary” £1 billion a year- 
at winch Mr Lawson's outline 
plans have been costed. There 
is a need to lodge profit- 
sharing securely in the logic of 
toe Government" ^pre-election 

From Mr Ernest l~ Butler 
Sir. Political commentators have 
lost no time in diagnosing the 
causes of die Conservative losses 
in last week’s elections, but have 
begged the question as to why the 
electorate has turned against the 
Government in such large num- 
bers after returning it to power 
only three years ago with so large a 

Perhaps the answer can be seen 
by looking at the reasons alleged to 
have been given by voters on the 
doorstep for not supporting Mrs 
Thatcher. For uppermost among 
their expressions of disapproval 
were said to have been, perhaps 
unsurprisingly, those very code 
words, “remote", “uncaring”, 
“arrogant" and “domineering”, 
which media commentators have 
been themselves so assiduously 
feeding into the public ear day in, 
day out, over the past two years. 

It is not difficult to believe that 
the electorate have been so indoc- 
trinated with such hostile 
characterisations of the Govern- 
ment that they were completely 
conditioned into giving back toe 
same answer both on the doorstep 
and at the polls. 

It seems that the opposition 
parties, including the supposedly 
n on-adversarial SDP, have suc- 
ceeded in their long-sustained 
efforts at the character assassina- 
tion of the Thatcher Government 
The intriguing question remains; 
why have the Tories allowed it to 

Yours etc. 


I Seaview Court, 

Broadsands Drive, 

Gosport, Hampshire. 

From Mr Reginald Warburton 
Sir, It ought to be dear by now that 
recent Conservative electoral re- 
verses are less a reflection on Tory 
policies than on the present Prime 
Minister’s character and conduct 
Her strident manner, self-righ- 
teous and over-bearing attitudes, 
and total diatom of anyone rise’s 
views will ensure a massive defeat 
at the next general election. 

It is surprising that Conser- 
vative MPs have so fittie sense of 
self-preservation that they lack the 

courage to replace this Prime 
Minister by one of their number, 
either from inside or outside the 
Cabinet, who could ensure elec- 
toral success. 

Mrs Thatcher’s much vaunted 
patriotism is plainly insufficient to 
allow anyone else to save the party 
she has so gravely damaged. 

I am. Sir, yours very truly, 
The- Athenaeum. Pali Mall, SWl. 

From Professor Bernard Crick 
Sir, Mr John Biffen says that there 
should be a “balanced ticket" 
(report. May IS). Is her domi- 
nance such that even be believes 
we have the American presidential 
system already? 

Yours sincerely, 


Nether Liberton House, 

Old MiO Lane, 


From Councillor Richard Pine 
Sir, In his assessment of last 
Thursday’s election results, David 
Butler (feature, May 10) suggests 
that voters “showed little propen- 
sity to differentiate between the 
hard left, the cuddly left and the 
moderates. Labour fared as well in 
Liverpool and Lambeth as in 
Birmingham and Hammersmith.” 
An analysis of voting figures in 
Liverpool shows this clearly not to 
have been the case. Since the last 
city council elections in 1984, 
Labour’s vole in this city has 
slipped from 46 per cent to 42 per 
cent whilst Alliance support has 
risen from 34 per cent to 45 per 
cent— a swing of 7 J percent from 
Labour to the Alliance. 

In the Broadgreen par- 
liamentary consitutuency — pres- 
ently represented by a Militant 
Tendency MP and where Derek 
Hatton is the local Labour Party 
chairman — all five wards were 
won by Liberal candidates p olling 
56 per cent of the vote tojust 33 
percent for Labour candidates. 
Perhaps, on reflection, David 

Privilege issue 
and ‘The Times’ 

From l iscoum Rochdale 
Sir. I am obviously in no position 
whatever to judge whether Mr 
Richard Evans and The Times 
have behaved correctly or other- 
wise. nor would 1 attempt or wish 
to do so. But reading your first 
leading article of May 9. “Pride 
and privilege", and Mr Kenneth 
Morgan’s statement- on behalf of 
the Press Council in The Times 
today (May 10) I am left with 
some serious general misgivings. 

Surely by definition any 
unauthorised “leaked" informa- 
tion can only be regarded as the 
equivalent of stolen goods; to 
receive and harbour stolen goods 
and disseminate them is a crime, 
both legal and moral. Is there 
really any difference with 
“leaked" information? Can 
journalists claim any special 
moral dispensation? 

Yours faithfoily, 



Keswick, Cumbria. 

May 10. 

Butler might agree that Liverpool 
voters are rather more discerning 
in their political choices than he 
believes them to be. 

Yours faithfully, 


42 Rockbank Road, Liverpool. 

GCSE standards 

From Mr George R. G. Turnbull 
Sir. Mr Anderson (May 7) writes 
with what appears to be a certain 
amount of frustration about the 
apparent disregard of educa- 
tionists to acknowledge the needs 
of industry. 

As industrial liaison officer with 
one of the largest GCE examining 
boards, I can confirm that we are 
anxious to provide industry with 
tire examinations they need. We 
have already made available nine 
tests which have been developed 
in conjunction with industrialists. 

Sixtysix thousand entries have 
been received for the tests in May 
of this year and major companies 
have now registered with our 
board to administer the tests, in 
addition to the 5,000 schools and 
colleges already registered. 

Yours faithfully, 

Industrial Liaison Officer, 

The Associated Examining Board. 
Stag HiD House. 

Guildford, Surrey. 

Battle of New Slyer 



( )slo 
fjack 0 , 
s ! n oil p 

The England Sectors have, in 
the language of toe game they 
control,' got something of a 
thick edge. Faced with toe job 
of picking a captain for new 
season, they have sent the ball 
skimming in toe wrong direc- 

The Winter tour of the West 
Indies was disastrous on the 
field and off it Although the 
England players lost to what is 
indisputably the best side in 
toe world, there was precious 
little gallantry to be salvaged 
from their defeat. They re- 
treated before the fearsome 
armoury of the West Indies 
attack in less than good order. 
There axe those who will argue 
that David Gower should not 
shoulder the blame for toe 
debacle. Rut as captain he 
must bear much of the 

His record as captain during 
the past two years or so is by 
no means a bad one, with 
victories over India and the 
old enemy Australia to his 
credit As captain he deserves 
toe glory as well as the disgrace 
— and not all that many ofhis 
predeessors have led Ashes- 
winning sides. The record of 
Mike Brearley, whose cap- 
taincy if nothing else, won him 
a place in cricketing memory. 

England was playing Austra- 
lian elevens weakened by 
defections to the Packer dreus. 

It has been suggested that 
toe age of the traditional 
cricket captain is dead and that 
more powerful team managers 
— "ike those in football — are 
needed to discipline the new 
breed of money-making in- 
(fividualists that dominate our 
greatest team game. But a 
cricket captain, unlike his 
counterparts in other sports, 
has to wield tactical control 
over his side for long periods 
in the field. He also has a 
traditional responsibility for 
the team’s general standard of 
conduct away from the field of 

While the existing system 
remains in place, the indica- 
tions are that Mike Gatting of 
Middlesex would have been 
the better choice. A number of 
those who toured toe West 
Indies said that toe England 
side locked altogether stronger 
and more competitive when he 
was there — in between inju- 

If a change was to be made, 
there was a strong case for 
making it now with a tour of 
Australia due next Winter and 
two years togo before the next 
series against the West Indies. 

was helped by the feet that 


Matches against fafe and - 
New Zealand this Summer 
would have given a new 
captain the opportunity to gain 
experience and maturity on 
home grounds against 
cricketing powers as opposed 
to superpowers. 

As it is the selectors have 
chosen Gower— but they have 
not done it with much convic- 
tion. To pick him as captain 
for the two one-day matches 
and the first of the three test 
matches against India, would 
seem to be a compromise of 
tire most unfortunate kind. It 
is not even very fair on Gower. 
Have they confidence in his 
leadership or have they not? « 

The answer to that, not 
entirely rhetorical question, 
must be that they are not quite 
sure«But if they are still unsure 
after he has led the side in 25 
tests, one wonders if they ever 
will be. He must now lead out 
England in the knowledge that 
he has been given a half- 
hearted endorsement by the 
selectors and is still in the 
embarrassing position of hav- 
ing to prove himself to them. 

We can only wish him weQ 
in the crusade to win back 
some of toe faded glory of 
English cricket this Summer. 
But the campaign has got off to 
an unfortunately hesitant start. 

From Mrs Valerie Carter 
Set, Your repon on the battle of 
the New River (Spectrum, April 
28) was well timed. Two days 
later, on April 30, more than 20 
widely different organisations in 
north London and Hertfordshire, 
indnding the London Wildlife 
Trust and the Greater London 
Industrial Archaeology Society 
met under the aospices of the 
Enfield Preservation Society and 
agreed to set up a New River 
Action Group. Its object is to 
ensure that the New River is 
preserved as a watercourse when 

Thames Water no longer need it as 
a water supply. 

When the New River was 
completed in 1613 it was rightly 
bailed as an impressive feat of 
engineering. We consider that, 
together with some of tire listed 
pumping stations and the cast iron 
bridges which span it at intervals, 
it merits being scheduled as a 
national monum ent. 


Enfield Preservation Society), 
Sparrow HaU, 

Forty Hill, 

Enfield, Middlesex. 

May 6. 

. /difi 


Arms imports by the Third 
World are reported in 
decline. Figures suggest they 
are already down to the level oi 
1976-77 — and continuing to 
fall. According to two 
researchers from the Stock- 
holm international Peace Re- 
search Institute (Sipnj, Mr 
Michael Brzoska and Mr 
Thomas Oblson. fining ofl 
income and burgeoning, debt 
have contributed to this re- 

That is welcome news in a 
world of scarce resound and 
unmet human needs. Itajso 
suggests that - ™to certam 
daring exceptions like toe 
fran-taq War - nwgtod 
World disputes are devdopmg 
into open conflicts less fre^ 
quently. UnfcnWj*. 
development is accompamed 
by a less welcome and pernaps 

trend. In re- 

more significant trend. 
cent years, there has been 

steady ,'growfli in the arms 

Third Worid 

ie ^ ween 19S0a n dl984tt^ 

increased by 600 per osni, and 

more than w 

by last y®M 

countries had an indigenous 

source of weapons. ^ 
■ of these countries, ^oKava, 
have been moving : 

the developing countries 
themselves, the economic 
advantages and disadva nt a g es 
are evenly balanced. Indig- 
enous production avoids the 
loss of foreign exchange on 
purchases from abroad, but it 
also swallows other resources 
and expensively acquired 
«ifins which could be better 
used elsewhere. For the worid 
at large, however, the 
concentration of arms produc- 
tion in the hands of the 
superpowers or even the me- 
dium-size powers at least had 
toe advantage of enabling 
them to exercise some in- 
fluence on their clients. - 
The 1968 Non-Proliferation 
Treaty imposed a kind of order 
on the spread of nuclear 
weapons know-how. But the 
transfer of conventional tech- 
nology has been relatively 
unrestricted except when it has 
in toe interests of the big 
powers. . . , 

An argument m favour of 

introducing more formal con- 
straints on the transfer of 
weapon technology is' that the 
technology is growing, as toe 
Americans might, say, 
“smarter” Emergent Technol- 
ogy, better known as ET to 
Nato-waichers, is at presentan 
expensive option. Bui the time 
is coining when toe range, 

Hi *“■ ; — 

To think in terms of a 
conventional non-prolifera- 
. tion treaty when proliferation 
is already so apparent would 
be no mote than a pious and 
tim&wasting exercise. To ex- 
pect Third World countries to 
exercise more restraint than, 
the East-West power blocs — 
which cannot even agree to 
reduce their own troops levels 
in Central Europe — would be 
no more helpful. 

But there is an argument for 
bringing together toe major 
arms producers to consider a 
series of controls on the weap- 
ons which might be supplied 
and the regions into which 
they might be sold. Most of toe 
Third World industries are 
limited in size and scope. They 
cannot easily produce the 
“smart" weapons which Third 
World countries -will soon be 
demanding. And the bulk of all 
major weapons produced out- 
side the United States, the 
Soviet Union and Europe 
come from fewer than 10 
countries — which include the 

military powers of Israel and 
South Africa. Countries like 
Britain already try to impose 
unilateral constraints, on the 
sale or re-sale of their equip- | 
■' mesL Could these be extended 
by international agreement? 
The gnswer is— only with very 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Mr B. R. Hook way 
Sir, It is almost a pity to dissent 
from a letter written with such 
splendid self-assurance, but it is 
unfortnnatley Dr Russell Jones 
(May 9) who has demonstrated 
dearly that it is he who does not 
understand even the basic prin- 
ciples upon which the recom- 
mendations of the International 
Commission on Radiological 
Protection (ICRP) are nude. 

The realisation that there is no 
threshold below which radiation is 
harmless has never beat a fun- 
damental tenet of radiobiology. 
Dr Russell Jones has misunder- 
stood the philosophy of the ICRP, 
which is quite simply that where 
small doses are concerned, it is 
impossible to obtain evidence of 
any hazard. 

It is therefore regarded as 
prudent in the field of radiation 
protection to plan on the basis that 
a relationship exists between dose 
and risk even down to vanishingly 
small levels. But the ICRP warn 
against the danger of using this 
concept without consideration of 
all the implications. 

It is not only Dr Russell Jones 
who has fallen into this trap. Even 
more seriously. Mr John Dnnster, 
director of the National Radio- 
logical Protection Board, has is- 
sued statements referring to 
several lens of deaths from cancer 
in this country as a remit of the 
radiation from Chernobyl- This at 
a time when the Secretary of State 
-for the Environment was idling 
the House that there is no hazard 
to people here. Mr Dtmster’s 
figures were undoubtedly due to a 
simplistic correlation between a 
calculated population dose and 
the associated hazard. 

Both gentlemen should return 
to the bible of all those involved in 
radiation protection, the recom- 
mendations of the ICRP as ex- 
pounded in ICRP Publication 26, 
and stop frightening the rest of us. 
I particularly commend paragraph 
30 to them; too long to be quoted 
in foil perhaps but something of 
the flavour is suggested by its final 

. . . radiation risk estimates should 
be used only with great caution and 
with explicit recognition of the 
possibility that the actual risk at low 
doses may be lower than that 
implied by a deliberately cautious 
assumption of proportionality. 
Yours faithfully, 


7 Pymers Mead, SE21. 

Stamp of disfavour 

From Mr J.M. Dutton 
Sir. Perish the thought that the 
dignity of British stamps should 
be compromised by use for propa- 
ganda purposes, however worthy, 
as recommended by Mr Allan 
(May 7). There would be no end of 
importunate candidates fora simi- 
lar privilege, and facilis descensus 

The Anguillan postal authori- 
ties, for instance, have by my 
reckoning already reached there, if 
ostensibly in the opposite direc- 
tion; in 1983 they issued a set of 
stamps quoting each of the Ten 

The postal rate to the UK was 
then 75c whether by chance or 
design, the 75c stamp of the set 
(SG 555) contains the stark 
injunction, “Thou shall not com- 
mit adultery". 

Yours sincerely. 



Tyrrells Wood. 

Leatherhead, Surrey. 

From Mr Gordon H. F. Broad 
Sir. In today’s world of conflict 
and rivalries, we have suddenly 
been shattered, and then sobered, 
by the atomic disaster which has 
struck the people of Southern 
Russia — a disaster of such 
dimension as should transcend 
frontiers and ideologies. 

I believe that my wife and L 
now retired, but with grown-up 
children and young grandchildren, 
cannot be alone in wanting to 
translate our sympathy into ac- 
tion, by offering a holiday borne 
for 'two such children for two or 
three weeks, if their parents would 
entrust them to our care. 

Action of this type would surely 
be the best kind of help that 
Britons could give to the citizens 
of the Soviet Union. 

Yours faithfully, 


1 1 Weaver's Ring. 

Angmering, West Sussex. 

May 9. 

Busy old bees 

From Mr H. Stpvin 
Sir, It is quite erroneous to 
suppose (letters. April 23 and May 
3) that honey was the only form of 
sweetening known in the Middle 
Ages. There was also malt, and a 
very great deal of it too. Malt is 
produced by allowing grain, usu- 
ally barley, to germinate and then 
roasting it- This causes the starch 
in the grain to be converted into 

By rinsing the malt in boiling 
water the sugar is dissolved out 
and the resultant liquid is known 
as malt liquor. This can be 
reduced to a syrup by gently 
simmering or it can be fermented 
to produce ale, and the ale can 
then be flavoured with hops to 
produce beer, or it can be distilled 
to produce whisky. 

Malt can be produced on a 
much larger scale and much more 
reliably than honey. The humans 
don’t get stung and the bees don’t 
get murdered. Judging by the huge 
quantities of ale recorded as being 
consumed in mediaeval monaster- 
ies, the amount of malt produced 
must have been satisfyingly pro- 

Yours faithfully, 


New Cottage. Harpendenbury. 
Redbo urn .St Albans, 


Architects’ insurance 

From MrD. R. CuIvenveU 
Sir, Your correspondent. Mr 
Dutton, has good reason to ex- 
press concent (May 3) about the 
Latent Damme Bill now finishing 
in the Lords, which seeks to 
reform the law governing the 
period within which a Haim may 
be brought for negligence where 
the defect in the article of services 
provided b not immediately 

The present law is unfair to a 
claimant because the limitation 
period may elapse before he is 
aware that he has cause to claim 
and ' is unfair to a defendant 
because he may suddenly find 
himself; many years after the 
event, subject to a claim based on 
a defect of which he was unaware. 

The Bill is based upon the 
recommendations in 1984 of the 
Law Reform Committee. In prin- 
ciple, it seeks a compromise by 
relating the period within which a 
claim must be brought to the date 
when the claimant had knowledge 
. of the defect and then provides a 
for fo e. defendant by 

The shortcomings of the Bill 
arise in giving effect to this 
compromise, perhaps because the 
committee was composed wholly 
of lawyers, with no architect, 
engineer or business man to 
provide a more practical and 
commercial view. The Bill was 
strongly criticised in the Lords by 
peers experienced m construction, 
in insurance and in the law, but 
the Lord Chancellor resisted all 

There are three main features 
for concern. First is the complex 
series of tests that have to be 
applied to decide when a claimant 
has knowledge of a defect. These 
tests are likely to give rise to 
argument and it seems recourse to 
the courts may well be necessary 
just to decide this point. 

Second is the uncertainty in the 
starting date for the 15-year cut- 
off, which is defined as the date of 
the act or omission that led to the 
defect Not only will thb be 
difficult to determine 15 years 
after the event but “act or 
omission" in this contact in 

A simpler and more certain 
method would be to make the 
period run from the completion 
date of the budding, which is 
normally recorded as a matter of 

Third is that the cut-off period 
will not apply where there has 
been deliberate concealment of 
the defect. On the face of it, this 
seems reasonable but one then 
finds that the existing Limitation 
Act defines deliberate conceal- 
ment in such a way that most 
latent defects in construction 
would fall into this category. 

MAY 14 1945 

The Channel Islands, occupied by 
the Germans since June 30, 1940. 
were liberated on May 9 when the 
garrison surrendered to 30 British 


Prom our Special 

ST HELJER, May 12 
Channel islanders recovered 
more than their a nHpnt li berties 
under the Crown to-day, when the 
relief expedition arrived. Landings 
on the two main islands were made 
by new style infantry — coastal 
gunners specially trained for this 
role against the day of liberation, in 
other circumstances. They formed 
part of a considerable British force 
— 7,000 in all — that included 
comprehensive civil affairs unit 
which, in association 'with the 

military measures to rid 

the isalnds of all traces of German 
occupation and domination, hopes 
in three months 1 time to see won 
the first battle of order against 
industrial and economic chaos in 
which the islands have wilted and 
winced during nearly years of 

The warmth of the welcome 
accorded the advance landing par- 
ties after the surrender was repeat- 
ed to-day. C Day, as landing assault 
craft Harfiprf towards the ahngHy 
beach adjoining St Heller harbour 
from the converted passer 

steamers and other more warlike 
and more mobile ships in the 
sizable convoy that entered St 
Aubin’s Bay as a bright dawn 

All the land approaches to toe 
harbour were crowded with men, 
women nnf t children c heering 
waving their gratitude at tins the 
first visible signs of the relief which 
they bad so anxiously awaited. 


These ships and the others in the 
convoy which landed almost simul- 
taneously at Guernsey had 
brought, among other essentials, 
2.000 tons of food, sufficient to feed 
the entire population of all the 
islands for a fortnight: a year’s 
ration of clothing; medical sup- 
plies; and coal, the total being 9*533 
tons. The beaches round the island. 
Uttered by heavy defences, testified 
the Germans* desire to b 
what they held. 

Wild with delight the crowds 
jockeyed for position in their 
anxiety to greet the somewhat 
embarrassed troops of the 614th 
and 620th Reg im e n ts Royal Artil- 
lery — the 6I8th had gone to 
Guernsey. These are the men who 
within the next fortnight wS have 
rounded up and sent on their way 
to England the 30,000 or more 

troops of the German garrisons, 
about half of whom are in 
Jersey. . . 


Every effort had been made to 
dress lor the occasion. Many 
women transformed curtains into 
gay summer dresses, while make- 
to-and-mend had been exercised to 
the last degree. The happy gala 
spirit readied its climax in Royal 
Square in the evening, where 
thousands gathered to hear the 
message of greeting from the King 
still the Duke of Normandy to 
jgiapHpnt — and the proefausa- 
tkm read by the comnuroriRT of the 
relief forces. Brigadier A. E. Snow. 

To a draped dais suRoundxng the 
statue of King George II, wT 
survived the Battle of Jeraey in 
1781 and where a military guard of 
honour was mounted, the com- 
mander was escorted from the 
Royal Court by the Bailiff, Mr. A. 

Coutanche. preceded by the 
banner of Normandy, a quartering 
of which the relief troops used as 
then flash, and the members of the 
States, aB in their scarlet and black 
robes of office. The band of The 
Duke of Cornwall’s Light Infantry 
played lively martial airs at tire 
ceremony which, giving final proof 
~ the speedy restoration of cus- 
tomary rights, laws, and institu- 
tions in the islands, was marked by 
scenes of unrestrained rejoicing. 

In allied liberation efforts this 
land ing was miiqup m that, the 
work of rehabilitation will be 
undertaken in fullest co-operation 
with the local administrative au- 

thorities rather than by any form 
compulsion. To-day's supplies 
and those which will follow will, 
wherever possible, be distributed 
through the normal trade channels, 
though there is to be an immediate 
allocation by whatever means of] 
'extras'* of which the islanders 
have known little or nothing 
during occupation — tobacco and 
cigarettes for the men, chocolate 
for the children, and soap, toilet 
requisites, and advance supplies of 
tea for the women. 

Though there has been a 
general loss of weight and stamina 
among the people their health has 
remained fairly good. This is 

attributed to the Red Cross sup- 
plies received since the be ginning 
of the year, and by the retention 
and constant diversion of undis- 
closed island stocks. . . 

Add io ibis toe principle of 
vicarious liability, whereby an 
employer is liable for the wrongs 
of his employees, and h seems that 
the cut-off concept is unlikely to 
offer much benefit for architects, 
engineers and others in construc- 

It is to be hoped that the Bill will 
be suitably amended in the Com- 

Yours faithfully, 


How long, O Lord? 

From Mr Jan Curror 
Sir. While sympathising with Da- 
vid Srfman (April 29) in having to 
endure 12 miles of organ music at 
one sitting, may I suggest he spare 
a kindly thought for the organist? 

About 10 years ago F found 
myself playing an organ voluntary 
for nine minutes during a live 
broadcast of choral evensong — 
toe result of accidental mistiming 
of the Psalms and canticles. 
Having been advised to prepare 
for a mere three minutes i was 
stranded playing on my organ 
bench, as unamused as Mr Sdman 
in his driving seat 
Yours feithfolly. 


ion work has different Shelford House, IAN CURROR (Oreanist. 1 

"■* . — .^u-LBrn-al-HowilaLDiRlwil ■ I 

«T . «r- - J V^>T, TT> ni.TQTk TrA C*_._ J. • ' : r j^ 




May 14, 1986 

All systems go on 

I t is little more than 10 
years ago when it was 
quite easy io tell the 
difference between a 
book, a telephone call, a 
newspaper and a television, 
programme. First, they were 
all produced by what were 
effectively separate industries, 
using distinctive technologies 
for their preparation. 

Bui now there are electronic 
mail systems and videobooks. 
The domestic TV set is the 
target for delivery of British 
Telecom’s Prestd service. 
Automatic shopping and 
banking can be conducted 
from the home. And. no 
doubt, at election rime a visit 
to the polling station will 
eventually be replaced fry 
Dial-a-vote. The list is seem- 
ingly endless. 

A device demonstrated last 
month allows pregnant wom- 
en to record the heart of their 
developing baby on a cassette 
tape, and play it over the 
phone to their doctor's sur- 
gery, who ensures all is well by 
analysing the information on a 

Police on patrol can obtain 
pidures of suspects or num- 
bers of cars and descriptions 
of other stolen goods, on 
mobile facsimile receivers. 

With computer control of 
modem telephone exchanges, 
subscribers on the public net- 
work can have calls trans- 
ferred automatically to 
alternative numbers. The con- 
venience and benefits that the 
airlines, banks and large oil 
companies have enjoyed 
through private digital net- 
works are coming into opera- 
tion for the domestic 
subscriber. It should include 
an itemized telephone ac- 
count. if British Telecom is 
pressed sufficiently to intro- 
duce nationwide a method 
that it has proved in a 
demonstration scheme. 

Another measure of the 
impact of the bewildering 
diversity of modem commu- 
nications is the size of the 
market. One estimate of the 
total expenditure worldwide 
of terrestrial and space com- 



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municaiions equipment for 
civilian and military applica- 
tions. by the end of the decade 
is more than £500.000 million 
a year. 

When the computer side of 
this information-technology 
explosion is included, the 
sums of money involved are 
gigantic. Though it comprises 
new electronic telephones of 
pushbutton and cordless vari- 

World at our fingertips, from left, clockwise: The booths being nsed by British Telecom to replace the much-fared red box« « i«Mt ofife 
modernization; Telstar, the telecommunications satellite, and its modem counterpart, Intelsat V; cordless commimication with Opal Ceflnet, 
and BTs satellite earth station in Docklands, London, officially opened m October, 1984 
for eties, mobile radio-transceiv- came cheap enough, a funda- In the process, it unlocked ies like optical fibres and against 

nlira- ers. digital telenhone mental change in approach an enormous capacity of lasers to communications^ the m 

Futon: phones 

Car caEs 

Page 2 

eties, mobile radio-transceiv- 
ers, digital telephone 
exchanges, optical fibres and 
space satellites — the catalyst 
lay in the micro-electronic 
silicon circuit, on which it 
became possible to squeeze 
hundreds, and now tens of 
thousands, of transistors 
forming the heart of a com- 
plete computer. 

When the microchip be- 

came cheap enough, a funda- 
mental change in approach 
was possible. The century-old 
method in telecommunica- 
tions which was based on the 
processing of continuous ana- 
logue electrical signals, gave 
way to handling everything, 
whether voice, vision or data, 
in a different format Informa- 
tion was coded into digital 

an enormous capacity oi 
cheap global communications. 
Conversion to digital systems 
allowed far greater volumes of 
traffic to be piped via existing 
cables, radiowaves and satel- 
lite links. 

In addition, the extra dir 
mension provided by digital 
processing stimulated the ap- 
plication of existing discover- 

lasers to communications. 
They are replacing coaxial 
copper e&blesi multiplying 
several-fold the capacities of 
underground and submarine 
circuits. ■ 

against British Telecom, made 
the new network possible. 

The idea of introducing a 
second national public tele- 
communications network to 
compete with the established 

The ■ advances in optical- BT system would have been 
fibre and digital technology in.' .viewed,- say, IQ years ago, by 
particular, when coupled with * people as technical and eco-> \ 
the “liberalization”, process nomiesuk^e, and a political 
that allowed competition '' ly absurd dream. " 

. True to its protoise/Merca- 
ry Communications (a subsid- 
iary of Cable arid Wireless} 
has until now c^been^bte 
to offer, feasedrbnc facilities 
for business^ twas.- between 
. fixed points.. . i -7 •’ 

. But its . swiiebcd network 
has gone lire, land tt means 
just /that. Subscribers.. can 
make phone calls to any BT, 
Mercury dr overseas number. 

And though iLis tlfeensting 
business custoonere wbo arc 
expected to be tne- frtst to 
exploit the .expansion of , the 
-servkxs, : fad , dcraesfic.jub- 
scriber . is' i^w' ;wdl -m 
Mercery's- sights. A gcnerally 
. avagabte a l tgr ua q v t service . 
neededarafirig fromOffd — 
tbeOffire of Telecomm unica- 
tions — to resolve a deadlock 
. under which .BT. was prerent- 
Lng Mercury to .connect swb- 
scribers into the existing 4P 
network on fair terms. 

Twp other elements in liberr 
alization are providing cata- 
lysts far growth. -One is the 
freedom foe private, compa- 
nies to sdl individual tele- 
phones, answering machines, 
mobile tadtopto^ switch- 
boards and . other equipment 
for attachment fp the BT 
network.' The 'other .'.is die 
freedom of specialist copipa- 
nks to seH certmn ^ “value 
added network sendees’". 7 . 

’. The next surge ra tdecom- 
munications conies' in the 
autumn with die Big Bapg in 
the City. It would have wen 
madoess to bave conientplat- 
ed the devdoprnent t)f the 24- 
hour, imeniationaLsecurities 
markct wiThotit the facilities 
of the best' teriestrxal 'and 
.' space links, giving fast and 
secure communications which 
-ignore territorial boundaries. 


• Science Editor 

» jrv /nsrau 

1 . .TOP 

Providing new 

Staying ahead in technology is how 
Plessey stays ahead as Britainls leadingcont- 
‘municatxohs botnpan y. 

Itfs Plessey who is prime development : ' ; 
ccratractot for System ^suj^lytagovertweruy 1 

exchanges each month to provide new high ■ 
standards and service for more than amfllioii 7 ; 

BtitishTelecom customers each yeat . . . : . , 

Its Plessey who manufactures mote ' . 

digital telephone systems for business than , 
any other British, company, • *= 

.Its Pie^eywho snppKesmore fibre^ptic.-? 

Pvt all diis technological leadership 
•ttgetherandyouseewfay customers turito' 
Plessey as tire total communications company. 

the ijne^ 3 ^ tC> beinvoIv ed -aflalong 

Irt Plesseywho in 1985 iriStan^'more 7 
. compute^cohttolled road traffiesy stems In 7: 
Britain than anyothercompany. , : ‘ , V 

„ Ay™ .wouMlike to know morei ring Ken 


: Nano oa lEAbltionC e nife.M,v it.,^^ S86 - 



What a digital 
system can do 

The term integrated services 
«Bna l network (ISDN) has 
been promoted by some as the 
Holy Grail of telecommunica- 
tions. According to this view 
when it arrives all our prob^ 
lems win be solved. There will 
be a universal, muhi-femetjon 
means of communications. 

That attitude is now tending 
towards better understanding 
of the potential advantages of 
ISDN and what it will bring. 

.The idea of a network mat 
mil be all things to all men is 
Utopian and bears no relation 

to what is possible — or for 
that matter what is wanted. 
However, the name adopted 
& : British Telecom for its 
ISDN service is integrated 
Digital Access (IDA). 

This highlights the require- 
ment for the connections to be 
digital all the way through to 
the subscribers premises and 
provide customer access to the 
benefits of digital systems. 

Unfortunately, even though 
AT&T in the US is prorooting 
its ISDN products as building 
blocks in a “graceful 
evolution" to Universal Infor- 
mation Services (UlS), the 
veiy use of this term is likely 
to perpetuate an ill-informed 
image of it being a panacea. 

Digital transmission is al- 
ready in widespread use to 
link the telephone exchanges 

around the country, lx also 
provides connections to satel- 
lite ground stations and sub- 
marine cables for the 
international services. Digital 
exchanges are replacing the 
existing older generation ana- 
logue and electro-mechanical 
exchanges, so that in due 
course, ISDN will replace the 
public switch ed telephone net- 
work (PSTN). This « a long 
process and will- not happen 
overnight — especially in areas 
of low telephone traffic densi- 
ty where very old exchanges 
have recently been replaced by 
analogue ones.. 

In the UK, for example, 
when BT announced IT A, no 
agreement on ISDN standards 
had emerged from the deliber- 
ations of the ' international 
telecommunications commit- 
tees. It is hardly surprising 
therefore that, when the stan- 
dards did emerge they differed 
from those to which BT had 
previously committed itself. 
NevertBeiess, BT went ahead 
with its pilot service which 
commenced mid- 1984. It 
gained experience and has 
been able to provide limited 
demonstrations of ISDN type 
applications. Now that the 
ISDN recommendation s have 
been agreed within CCTTT 
(International Telegraph and 
Telephone Consultative Com- 
mittee) the world body for 

A model phone 
for the future 

The telephone is a tool 
which we take very much for 
granted — even the elderly 
' : : lady who has a telephone, not 
to be used because it is too 
Cl ‘ expensive, but "in case of 
*» emergency" — expects it to 
44 work on demand any time day 
or night. 

"■* This is a formidable, if not 

— , impossible task for the Ad- 
3 * ministrations throughout the 

■ world. They have enormous 
» investments in networks of 

varying ages, which cannot 
_ • just be replaced without due 
. consideration of the 
1 • economics. 

T The transition to digital 

’* systems is aimed at reducing 

, . costs and improving retiabil- 
K ity. The latter, by reducing- 
maintenance requirements, 
__ • provides further long term 
cost benefits. In addition, the 
fibre Optics now widely used 

* in the telephone network in- 
.. : creases the available capacity 

and so will allow tbe introduc- 
tion of additional services. 

- The most radical devdop- 

' . meat in the UK is the emer- 

gent switched service from 

■ : Mercury Communications 

Ltd. This will provide the 
_ 4 business user, and the domes- 
» tic subscriber who makes 
t V many long distance or interna- 

* £ tional calls with an alternative 

* ■- to British Telecom. While it 

* 4 will not be available to all 

* - subscribers in all parts of tbe 
? ; country, it provides a model 
, •; of what the future will bring. If 

* -. it meets expectations, it wifi 
„ set new standards andwill 

* provide serious competition 

; : iobt. 

* As is well known. Mercury 
; has been providing teased 

circuits to companies requir- 
ing, telecommunication links 

between two or more separate 
.? sites. It uses the latest fibre 
*1 optic and other techniques 
$• ; and, wherever possible, era- 
’ ploys duplicate circuits travel- 
ling over different physical 
? paths to minimize the risk of 
breakdown and increase 

Now, having purchased a 
- number of digital t^ephoue 
' exchanges from the C an ad i an 
-• company Northern Telecom. 

' Mercury is starting to oner 
switched telephone services. 
Because these exchanges are 
some of the most sophisticat- 
ed available,, the Mercury 
network can offer very ad- 
vanced end-to-end switched 
digital communications 


% So who will be able to take 
best advantage of this service. 
Those companies with mod- 
ern digital PABXs which are 
in dose proximity to me pain 
of the Mercury network.The> 
will be able to have direct 
connections into tins network 
so that when a user dials a 
number it will be routed 
through the Mercury netw^k 
to the access point with rum 
British Telecom 
est to the called subscribe. 
The path will be 
using a portion of the 

and, in due course, wfll be 
offering a special telephone. 
This wifi cost between £30 and 
£40 and wifi incorporate these 
functions and so allow the 
small business and the domes- 
tic subscriber to make use of 

Even though Mercury wifi 
probably not even gain a 10 
per cent share -of the UK 
market, it is important be- 
cause of the direct competi- 
tion that it provides for BT. At 
the same time as the “alterna- 
tive network" is having an 
influence; developments in 
digital technology are making 
their mark.. Suppliers such as 
Plessey are now offering digi- 
tal PABXs with features such 
as call diversion, ring-back 
when free and call pick-up. 
These aid business efficiency 
ami simplify a user’s day-to- 
day work. 

In addition, a wide range of 
easy-to-use telephone instru- 
ments and feature-phones are 
now on the market Some are 
intended for direct connection 
to tines while others can also 
be connected behind a PABX. 
Last number redial and possi- 
bly ten or more memories can 
be incorporated, in low-cost 
instruments. The units such as 
the ICL One-Per-Desk (BTs 
TontojL, with iits fuD alpha- 
numeric keyboard and micro- 
computer as well as telephone 

BT says its new phone 
booths will be easier for the 

old and, disabled to use 

handset, is aimed at putting an 
appreciable amount of micro- 
computer power od the execu- 
tives desk. The aim is to let 
him quickly jump from task to 
task as well as just making 
telephone calls. 

While many people wall 

consider that units such as the 

OPD are very heavy 
“overkills", BT Business Sys- 
tems has just announced its 
Quenyphone. This provides 
the user with an advanced 
feature-phone to which a 
printer can be connected. It 
incorporates loud speech final- 
ities. ten function keys and 
nine "soft" keys associated 
with its LCD display. 

At each stage of terminal 
operation, tbe ftinctionofeach 
hev is dearly indicated by the 
display. While this type of unit 
will probably find its place, on 
of the busy executive. 

Digital Mire BUI Josets, British Telecom’s sailor Faraday lecturer, explains the advantages of a network 

telecommunications stan- 
dards, work can -oommenoe. 
So from 1 987-88, the telecom- 
munications authorities 
around the world; including 
BT. will start the introduction 
of the ISDN service. 

In tbe early days many 
people said that ISDN stood 
for Improvements that Sub- 
scribers Don’t Need. While 
there may have been some 
truth m that view, it is no 
longer so. The key advantages 
are in the standard access 
methods that it provides and 

the improved level of commu- 
nication services that it will 
allow — so rather than a 
multiplicity of networks, just 
one wifi be employed for all 
these services. 

Even today, one can see 
uses for the network that will 
include in addition to voice 
communications high speed 
data transmission; slow-scan 
TV for security and other 
applications; instant credit 
card validation; remote con- 
trol of domestic and other 

There are two standard 
access methods — ISDN basic 
access which provides a basic 
service for most locations and 
is implemented over a normal 
telephone circuit and ISDN 
primary access rate. This pro- 
vides a service for the larger 
user site with higher volume 
communications require- 

The former operates at a 
universally agreed data rate of 
144kbits/s consisting of two 
64kbit/s user (B) channels 
together with a 16kbit/s sig- 

nalling and user packet data 
(D) channel. However there 
are two versions of the latter: 
l.5Mbii/s in North America 
(Bell telephone standards) and 
2Mbii/s in Europe (CC1TT 
recommendations) to comply 
with the current digital trans- 
mission standards and so 
allows the use of existing 
equipment. At the primary' 
access level, there are 23 or 30 
of these 64kbit/s user (B) 
channels respectively in the 
US and European standards, 
with a single 64kbii/s signal- 

ling and user packet data <D) 
channel respectively. 

. The 1.5 and 2Mbii/s data 
rates for the primary access 
are already widely used by the 
telecommunication carriers. 
They are used to link the 
private networks of digital 
PABXs that multi-site compa- 
nies arc increasingly imple- 
menting. Consequently, as 
PABX vendors throughout 
the world are upgrading their 
products to support ISDN and 
even, in some cases, beingable 
to offer retrofits, the primary 
access rate will simplify the 
provision of ISDN services for 
tbe larger company locations. 

In addition to these access 
data rates, the CC7TT has 
defined signalling systems be- 
tween the exchanges within 
the network and for signalling 
between the user's premises 
and his local exchange. This 
means that there wifi be a total 
framework to support new 
and innovative services as and 
when they arrive, without 
undue difficulty or cost over- 
head. This will increase net- 
work utilization and thus 
increase the carriers revenues. 

The more rapidly that the 
carriers digitalize their net- 
works — which they are al- 
ready doing to reduce their 
own costs — the sooner that 
ISDN can be implemented. 
The manufacturers of public 
telephone exchanges are de- 
veloping ISDN capabilities for 
their switches and the camera 
and PTTs are announcing 

Similarly, the major PABX 
suppliers are starting to offer 
ISDN capabilities on their 

large machines. As in many 
other areas of electronics, 
custom integrated circuits are 
being developed by rhe semi- 
conductor industry 1 . This will 
enable the large quantities of 
subscriber terminating units 
to be manufactured cosi- 

The authors of the forth- 
coming report from* Ovum 
Ltd entitled “ISDN; the Com- 
mercial Benefits" expect the 
use offSDN to have penetrat- 
ed the business market signifi- 
canily by 1 990. Their 

New connections will 
ren,into thousands 

projections indicate, for exam- 
ple. that by the end of that year 
the number of primary rate 
access connections will have 
grown to 16.000 in Europe and 
over 50.000 in the United 
States. This is a level equiva- 
lent to a 60 per cent penetra- 
tion of the installed base of 
large PABXs of over 100 
extensions. Then, once the 
fully digital facilities start to 
arrive, via the basic services, 
at the desk of the small 
businessman, telecommunica- 
tions wifi have made the leap 
to a new level of utility. 

* Ovum Ltd. 44 Russell 
Square, London . U'CIB 4JP. 
01-437 4661. 

Adrian J. Morant 

European Editor, 
Telephone Engineer and 


Head office in Chicago 
require complete printouts of 
your total European stock levels 
by the morning. 


YoiiVe missed the 

■ " 

Heathrow is fogbound. 

Chicago is getting impatient 
(And we all know about Chicago.) 

What do you do? 

W&at you do is get your company plugged into BTTs International Packet Switching Service. IPSS is a public network 
for fast, reliable, low cost information transfer between computer terminals around the world. 

- Phone British Telecom International now on 0800-400 414 for further details or complete the coupon below. 

Before Chicago phone again. 

lb: BTWPSS, Freepost BS3333, BS1 4YP or phone free on 0800-400 4 14. 7ww 

Name/Company Name: 



Job title: 

Business Tel No: 

Nature of business: 











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The message is that 

's reign may soon 

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;:^ss:]l 2 X that stores op to 48 
ap to a minute Song 

Despite encroaching technol- 
ogies, such as electronic mail, 
telex is still the unchallenged 
king of rapid messaging world- 
wide. Next year, however, 
telex may face the first serious 
loss of traffic between its 
1.500.000 users as many of the 
constraints on alternatives 
services are lifted 
Telex owes much of its 
survival to the most obvious 
drawback of Email systems: 
the fact that users have so far 
been unable to talk to anyone 
outside their own network, 
unless they have a telex num- 
ber. Major technical and ad- 
ministrative changes are 
underway to open up Email 
nationally and international- 
ly. which may finally give 
Email the upper hand in 
Europe at leasL 
Network suppliers have al- 
ready decided to adopt the 
X.400 standard communica- 
tion protocol, which will en- 
able users to talk to each other 
across service boundaries. 
Discussions are continuing 
between European. PTTs 
(Postal. Telegraph & Tele- 
phone authorities), who will 
have to provide gateways into 
their circuit or packet- 
switched national networks 
and agree on collective charg- 
ing structures. 

Email has been tipped as a 
possible successor to telex 
because of its freer message 
formal, use of standard tele- 

phone lines and rapid penetra- 
tion of the business sector. 

During the last two years, 
the number of mailboxes has 
grown at the- rate of 50 percent 
a year, reaching 600,000 
worldwide in December 1985, 
according to the market re- 
search organization, IDC. 
These mailboxes exchange 
more than 11. million mes- 
sages a month, generating 
global revenues of $300 mil- 
lion in 1985. IDC predicts that 
collective Email turnover will 
top $1.5 billion by 1990, not 
entirely at the expense of telex. 

Martin White, European 
director of Linked Resources, 
an IDC subsidiary, says: “Tel- 
ex is not declining because 
what Email does now is give 
access to the telex network. 
Email is very good at going 

Email growth slower 
in Europe than in US 

multi-point, or sending mes- 
sages to many recipients, but 
there is no guarantee thai 
people look at their box. So 
Email will continue to work 
side by side with telex.” 

One of the main reasons for 
Email’s success is the cost- 
saving it offers on telex 
charges, in terms of outlay on 
specialized equipment, leasing 
of lines and actual messages. 
Easylink, owned by the BT 
rival Mercury Communica- 

tions: for example, offers mes- 
saging rates, between the UK 
and the US at less than half dte 
cost of telex.- 

■ On a message of 130 
. characters, , the telex - chares.: 
would be £1.74 but Easylink 
cuts this to 82p, according to' 
sales and marketing manager 
Tony Chamier. 

This kind of saving has 
brought Easylink *160.500 us- 
ers iti the US and 4,900 in the 
UK, many ofwhich are banks. 
Email growth is slower in 
Europe (about 20 per cent a 
year) than in the US because 
of the technical and contractu- 
al difficulties of spanning 
national networks: Each coun- 
try has a separate telephone 
network, plus either circuit or 
packet switched networks 
with different addressing and 
passwords for entry, and no 
means of reverse charging to 
foreign counterparts. 

Email services may be sup- 
ported by any or all of these 
networks, complicating mat- 
ters for both user and host 
country. BTs recent purchase 
of ITT Dialcom in Washing- 
ton, licenser of Telecom 
Gold's Email software, may 
prove a catalyst in discus- 
sions, because some European 
countries, most of which are 
licensees of Dialcom, may 
decide to opt for alternatives 
to curb BTs growing power in 

Mr White commented: 

( We’re committed to 
the new system because 
.we believe that more 
people wflltalkto each 
other, tf youdo ible - . 
-the number of mailboxes, 
you square the number 
of messages, so it win 
increase revenues ' 
by connect fees 5 , 

Peter Bury, Telecom 
Gold’s managing . 

“The European. PTTs can’t 
decide whether Email is a 
baric service or whether some- 
one else should be allowed to 
come in and run it. . BTs 
takeover ofDialcom win force 
them to examine their attitude 
because BT clearly wants to 
. take over .that service in 
Europe, so the next 12. months 
will be a time of rapid 

BTs enhanced telex service, 
Teletex, is bound by much the" 
same geographical arid con- 
tractual constraints as EmaiL 
After becoming operational in 
April 1985, Teletex has signed 
up only 200 registered users in 
the UK, although West . Ger- 
many is up to nearly 18.000 
subscribers and Sweden 3,000. 

. According to- Des Mills of 
the Teletex marketing group, 
the main ' advantages of 

v Li lJ \£la 


Teletex over telex' are a 309- 
character set with upper and 
lower case options, automatic 
error correction, direct pomt- 
to-point messaging (as op- 
posed to mailbox storage for 
later collection) and cost 

Though users save about 
£270 a year by using an 
ordinary phone instead of a 
telejf' Iine (the equivalent of 
about 800 Teletex messages), 
they have to buy special 
Teletex terminals from an 
approved supjriier or adapters 
for their existing equipment, 
with which they can as yet 
only reach otter Teletex users 
in the UK, relying on telex 

Mr Mills said: “We are 
trying to establish internation- 
al connection s and talking to 
CCITT and CEPT (Confer- 
ence of- European Post and 
Te leg raph advisers). Earlier 
this year, discussions were 
held bn international account- 
ing rates, and we will be 
linking up internationally as 
Soon as the political and 
accounting issues are settled.” 

One to One; owned by ex- 
Bdi operating company .US- 
based Pacific-- Teferis, has 
taken an initiative on stan- 
dards on behalf of its 1 1,000 
UK subscribers, calling Tor a 
European Electronic Mail As- 
sociation (EEMA). which 
would speed up work on 

Roger Dean, One to One’s 
marketing manager, said: “No 
o ne has X.400yet because foe 
CCTTT committee is -only 
halfway through specifying it. 
Only the message haiKtung 
, level has-come oca solar, soil 
will be at least nine months 
before there is anything to get 
to'grips with.” . 

. BTs Telecom Gold is im- 
plementing a halfway-house 
solution vto provide outside 
access for its 44,000 Email 

users, while fulfX.4Q0is being 
implemented. The introduc- 
tion of a message-handling 
serv ice this summer will allow 
two-way transfer of mart: by 
operating inthe sameway as 
Gold's “Eros”Vafajtipe Day Ir 
service, intercepting and for- 
warding messages. 

Peter Bury* .Telecom - 
: Gold’s managing director, : 
said: “The charging has yet to 
be sorted out but we’re com- 
miued to X.400 -becasse m- 
bdieve that nrare paopk .will : 
talk to each other:- lf--yoa 
double the number of mail- 
boxes. you square lhe nuinber 
of m essays, so it will increase 
revenues -from -connect - 

A further option for tilbse 
without com pmer equipmem 
is the Post Office’s Intdpost - 
service, advertised as a “new 
dimenrion in electronic mail”. 
There is no subscription add 
customers can send messages 
from FAX or telex machines, 
-small business computers, or 
simply- from the counter of 
about 1 00 post offices 
throughout the UK. If the 
recipient who may five in 
. one of 27 different countries — 
does not have h rtterviog 
machine. - lntelpost either 
phones, (M* sends a mt^senger 
to deliver the letter by the next 
day.according to a PO ^JOkes- 
.persoiL • 

; The PO refuses to disclose 
any usage statistics, bat insists 
that the ability to sendgraph- 
tes is a major attraction; p 
something else Email suppti- 
- era are about to introduce. 

Geisco, operator of the 
Quik-Comm private interna - 

A service to link 

tkmal network, las beenconh 
cenrrating on technics en- 
hancements, to the service, 
rather than X4G0, according 
to Geisco nuurtetiiqi consul- 
tant Give Akerman. One of 
the advances is the ability to 
send mail “tendosareS”. 

, Mr Akesman said: “IBM PC 
users can send attached, files 
. that do n<rt travel aspart Of the Jf, 
message. It's really like send- 
ing a pared: it can contain 
anything from graphics • to 
programs, or a Lotus 1-2-3 

* About 18 months ago. 
.GeiscS also; introduced 
Wpxchange, a service which 
Knks mcorapatibfe Word pro- 
cessors, so that ibeir op^ators 
can transfer ‘documents from, 
for example; an IBM 
Dfepfeywriter to a Wang VS 
mini, and hold libraries of 
opmmutial documents on 
Geisra’s hostewnputer. 

, Ma^leMcLening 

Translation: "That'll be 50p. please . r 

Because expanding business means expanding 
bills, Racai have developed the Citifone. 

Every call that's made on it can be automatically 
measured in standard telephone units. . 

So, by pressing three buttons, you know exactly 
how much your calls cost 

And when your colleagues use it to call York, it 
shows whether they meant the old one or the New. 

Also, apart from doing everything that other 
1000 channel cellular phones can do, it improves 
your memory. 

(It can store up to 40 often-used numbers.) 

The Racai Citifone. • .. 

If you have to discuss your telephone bills, .you 
wont have to be talking telephone numbers. 

For further information dial 100 and ask for 
Freefone Vodafone, or simply post your, business 
card to Racai A/odac Ltd, r Freepost Newbury RGI3; 
I DR (no stamp needed)^ 


‘ '■ . v- *v -:j-vr< >. '«■ ,i..- :• V :<•« : r £ r 

a « iiw W (07 I -'fpwT --trr tut iviuw - 

u ,-^ -» — aw\ .,4.. ifM-1, . j g wj* * !*! 8 * 1 

the - UK telecQimmndcathms 
market. Mercury Communica- 
tioos ms luDcbed to provide 
compethfen to the pww-priva- 
tized British Tdecnoa.. - 

. Though campetitioa be- 
tweea flfe carriers * spor to 
tte.infrodactkto of beir Tacffi- 
ties socb as BTs RQoStreaua 
aitd - .MegaStm i services; 
’there ate increasihg opportu- 
nities to “atW-vaJne” and so 
provide saleable products to 
Third parties; 

- Known » value added net- 
work services (VANS), it .re- 
quires equipment generaRy 

computerized, to be added to 
ihe tdecornniumciations net- 
work. It wiH provide services 
other than jnst the conveyance 
of tetecommiHikations mes- 
sages.. Obviously, suitable 
equipment is reqmred at- the 
subscribers’ premises to ac- 
cess the service,. whatever it 
may be. 

The scope of the VANS is 
therefore wide and can at their 
simplest, mdodesoeh services 
as telex bureaux, which said 
the same nwssage .oo behalf of 
a client tor two ' or 1 more 
destiitotiacs. The added -value 
is that the diart is prepared to 
a charge .to cover the 
age : handling . by the 
bureau. - 

- Eton though simple resale 
of-sajy spare capachy on a 
,c®i®ro.®ii|fiaSaws cuent is pro- 
hfinted, virtually aD activities 
that add value for the benefit 
ofa third party are permitted. 

. The Goxrnmeiit annouiiced 
in : Julj.'l!Wl that its polknr 
would be to allow the UK 
tdcxnliunaiucaroms industry 
for greater freedom to satisfy 
■the growing demand for more 
1 telecomnnraica- 

tkuis services.. 

Ibis did result in a large 
ginnter.; Of applications for 
VANSnot already supplied by 
EFT* Consequently, in 1982 the 
whote of lte VANS industry, 
todndlng. those sehioes al- 
ready -supplied by; BT was . 
opened up to private supply. 

. When- announcing . the 
VANS general teeace for this 
-purpose, John Butcher, Par- 
tiasnentery-UnderSecretary of 
State ®* Trade and Industry, 
described it as a ta majar step 
forward in the Government’s 
ftherjtlizatron of UK 
.tdecomnnntications’*, mair^g 

There are four mam catego- 
ries wkhmwhicfa a servteecafi 
be eitter a ftdeeorferaKbig 
services which allows force dr 
more-separate subscifoets to 
have a cooference call or voice 
mafi services. 

In the latter case a caller 
records a message which is 
hdd in a “rake maShbx” for . 
subsequent distribution-re- 
trieval by otter users . who 
make a tetepboue call to the 
appropriate Humber and, 
where appropriate, input a 
password. Videoconferencing 
is the. obvious form of image 
service. • 

The text services indude 
electrooic mail services where 
a central computer stores mes- 
sages in “mailboxes” that can 
be accessed by remote micro- 

Computers or te rminate via flje 

telephone network. Similarly, 
messages can be input into foe 
system to be read by other 
“tes., Telecom Gold and 
Easylink are two such services 
as is PresteL 

The latter links mfcrecem- 
puters or adapted TVs - to 
computers to access foe more 
than 300.900 frames . (or 
Pages) or iuformatioo. This 
can range from train timeta- 
bles to stock market prices. In 
snrae cases the information is 
supplied free by the infonna- 
tiow provider while in others a 
•charge is made to foe user. 

On line databases where on 
amis into a remote computer to 

access and search info rmation 

a data servke. The 
“Wed value comes from foe 
tad that there is a vast 
database that one can access, 

k provided with 
sopbisbeated “tools'* for car- 
^Thg «rt a search or sort. 

Prabtem often eocoun- 
tsrei^js that even- though 
UJfJ * tochnology is able to 
a task, it is often not 

However, VANS 
flwjtoe foe opportunity for a 
*OTto btfy just tte amount of 
^ ed 0r rasoaren that is 

r * .7 

p. r, 

t*'. • 


■'yZi ‘ . • > 

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K- _y-- 

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,^77. -. • 1 

S* ■■ • ' 



>• ru 

.r ^ ^ 
: 1 

In a. i 

Government nn- 
jSJ?®*** P**® in March of 
to aftow VAN opera- 
te ****** 

ana “ratimum of regulation, 

on eqniteble terms. 
. "j^aretoflored^ to needs of 



the TV picture 

conies into 
ire at last 

*■»,. -3 

w v...- 

Tbe concept of the global vflbee. 
fore seen .as rite consequence of modern 
communications, was in evidence at a 
remarkable event last month. " 

It came with the nse of Internationa] 
television as a forms to stage a" 
conversation between, an andjeoce of 
tfronsands. Those faking part were at 
2 UU theatres in nsiverarties and colleges 
ib a dozen countr ies. Tbe occasion could 
only be called a toMwi^ rimai COOonny. 
since it embraced Australia, Austria! 
Ouiada^ Egypt, France, Israel, Italy, 
Japan, Sweden, Switzerland, the UK 
and tbe United States. ■ 

The object was to explore a range of 
Pressing matters in world affairs with 
separate panels of experts, each one 
t aki ng a special theme; 

For instance, a team at the DftcfaJey 
Foundation, near Oxford, discussed 
terrorism and small wars. In Vienna the 
subject was the relationship between the 
superpowers, and a group in Japan; at 
Kyoto, examined the sharing of technol- 
ogy between countries a mi tbe'tmder- 
standing between nations of each. 

The catalyst for this global talk-in, 
requiring six hours of worid-wide TV 
time via ihe Intelsat network (and a host 
of mobile earth stations for temporary 
studios) came from the broadcasting 
nnjt of the Christian Science Monitor. It 
allowed the sharing of perceptions and 
ideas about the world in the calibre of 

exchange that is restricted osnaDy to 
cgcdusm seminars of the efite. 

- Another Car more functional applica- 
tion is under development, but also 
demonstrates the way modern tetecom- 
nrankatioas shrinks the planet. " 

■ Before long it wfll be possible » caD 
home or to the office from a pay-phone 
daring a flight. The technology has 
Pwsw the -proving trials, and a team 
working at British Airways and British 
Telecom are poring over studies of the 
economic viability of socha scheme. - 
Some technical hnmvatioa was needed 
to : m ake two-way circuits between an 
ordinary cmtian airliner and the ground 

The clever aspect is in 
the plane's antennae 

a practical proposition. The pay-phone 
needs a credit- cud to unlock the 
instrument Tbe dever aspect is in 
special, and mcoaspicooiis, an tennae 
attached to the body of ~ tbe plane frr 
communica turns via a satellite. 

On tbe ground an operator at a ground 
station exchange makes the connection 
to tbe rest of the link through the public 
telephone network. 

The pleasing thing about these ad- 
vances are the positive note they 
introduce into the evolution of communi- 
cations systems including ft 

goes some way to redress the balance, 
which has been disturbed this year with 
the tragedy of the space shuttle Chal- 
lenger m January, only to be followed 
the failure of the Titan rocket, last 
' month, and the Delta rocket earlier this 
one, from placing American satellites in 

The Delta rocket, which like Titan 
originated as a vehicle for a ballistic 
missile, is well tried ami tested. Tbe 
workhorse of satellite launch vehicles, it 
has been used 178 times and foiled only 
12. - ■ - ■ 

Forty-four saoessfol flights were 
achieved before the flop mi Saturday 
May X 

2n practice, there is no shortage of 
international communications links, and 
when the submarine optical fibre cables 
being toyed across the North Sea by 
British Telecom, and across tbe Atlantic 
and Pacific are ready, the capacity will 
. dearly multiply. 

' Yet the demand, particularly for data 
and management information for busi- 
ness and financial services, is about to 
accelerate. An indication is tbe proposal 
by the communications satellite compa- 
ny, Comsat, for Britain and her Europe- 
an neighbours to each create a domsat 
(Domestic Satellite) network that would 
be a public switched service, ft would be 
like tbe existing switched network, but 
of high speed aid quality for voice, FAX 
and data. 


" ' ^ JHFl- 

The rush to use 
a car phone 

Heart of the matter: The control centre at British Telecom's earth station at Goonhilly, Cornwall 

The launch of the two compet- 
ing cellular radio networks at 
the beginning ofiast year gave 
rise to a resurgence of interest 
in mobile communications 
which, while important from 
the standpoint of the users and 
the industry, had not been 
able to sustain dynamic 

It was m essence because of 
the limited number of avail- 
able radio channels which in 
turn limited tbe number of 
subscribers that could be sup- 
ported. This was especially 
noticeable In the London area 
where the waiting period fora 
mobile phone was in excess of 
one year. 

The cellular phones soon 
mopped up that backlog and 
the enthusiasm continued -so 
that there are now approach- 
ing 70,000 subscribers on the 
two networks. While this rap- 
id and continued take-off has 
given the netwoik operators, 
Vodaphone and Cteflnet, a 
warm glow in their wallets it 
has been accompanied by the 
networks having difficulty in 
coping, especially in the cat- 

loaded. With today's 
‘‘Trunked*' radio systems the 
available channels are 
"pooled" and shared between 
a number of users so that 
differences in radio usage 
patterns between different 
types of users tend to even out 
during the day. - 

In practice, tbe next free 
channel is allocated just for 
the half-minute or so that a 
message takes. It then reverts 
to the pool so that it is 
available for nse by any other 

Tbe overall effect is that it 
makes for better nse of the 
limited number of radio chan- 
nels .and allows them to 
support a greater number of 
usera. The Department of 
Trade and Industry has an- 
nounced the Successful appli- 
cants and will be licensing tw6 
national and a number of 
regional PMR networks. 
There will he five' provincial 
licences awarded and London 
wifi also have five networks so 
as to be able to cater for the ex- 
pected level of demand. 

National Radiofone figures 


The car phone: More are rushing tn ping in 

tral London area, with tbe 
number of calls being made at 
the busiest times of day. 

So bad has it got that 
Ceflnei. for example, has had 
to move to a cell 
“sectorutatimr plan which 
sub-divided its existing cells 
into six 60 degree sectors (just 
like an orange) with each 
sector supporting a unique 
group of cells. 

It commenced this opera- 
tion over the Spritra Bank 
Holiday weekend. Cwlnsa's 
view is that ihe traffic capacity 
of the system within the 
confines of the M25 motor- 
way. when sectorizarion . is 
complete, should be in excess 
of 50.000 mobiles. This is in 
respect of the current 300 
radio channel spectrum 

Thus the cellular radio can 
be seen io have feilen a victim 
of its own success. Neverthe- 
less. it is fulfilling a major 
need and will, no _ doubt, 
continue to do so with this 
present generation analogue 

Cellular provides access to 
for from) the public svwtehed 
telephone network, (PSTN) 
fom anywhere within me cel- 
lular service area whjeft rs 
rapidly rolling out across tne 
countrv. However, many or- 
ganizations require rwo-way 
communications wiihtbeir 

O^n office orbase^onand 

do not really need KTN 
connection- Tbcir «-«*s 
met by private mobile radio 
(PMR). This is an area where 
cellular radio ttdnokp » 
being applied and, 
recent Allocation rado 
spectrum fWvtoUjly JOJ- 
TV. is bringing added oppor- 
tunities for users. 

With traditional FMK a 

radio channel ^ 

225 %, ? 

number ofcompumes- Henw , 

very huge in that it has been 
successful in its application 
for licences for London and 
three of the provincial 

Tbe company carried out a 
PMR market survey as part of 
its preparatory work for the 
submission of its licence ap- 
plications and was able to 
conclude that the require- 
ments tend to fall into three 
categories; local users cover- 
ing a radius of less than 25km: 
regional usage of between 25 
and 50km- and- finally multi- 
nsgkmai or national coverage 
where the required radius of 
mobility is in excess of 50km. 

Potential users who fell into 
the first of these three catego- 
ries win be particularly price J 
conscious and will be compar- 
ing costs with simple 
radiopaging which is tbe mm}-, 
mum service that they can use 
while on the move. 

Laager users are more likely 
to need regional or wider 
coverage. However, with costs 
being roughly midway be- 
tween paging and cellular 
radio, tbe new generation of 
PMR will have major growth 
potential. " 

It to expected that tbe first 
local services should men 
around the beginning of 1987 
with the national services 
coming' a tittle later. This, 
delay being due to the more 
complex infrastructure 

needed- .. .. 

The very positive climate 
towards liberalization by the 

present Government has con- 
tributed towards the introduc- 
tion of modern technology in 
the UK-However. the admin- 
istrations around Europe are 
looking towards the next de- 
cade. Their aim isto introduce 
a pan-European digital morale . 
communications: system that 
will operate to common star*-, 
dards. in the same way that 
the Nordic Tetephraw-Sygem 
are not constrained' to 
usin g their phones, in: their 

Mr Hardy compares the qualities of his tailor with 

those of his Merlin phone system. 



*V T oull find Mr Hardy a man 
of considerable intellect, 
JL impeccable taste and quite 
uncommon visioa’Thus warned, 
an intrepid British Telecom 
communications consultant app- 
. roached the near legendary 
Ernest Hardy. 



‘There is no doubt” began 
Hardy, “that Merlin phone 
systems from British Telecom 
are perfect for my requirements^ 
The consultant nodded . sagely. 
“Just as a suit is the perfect 
attire for work” The consultant 
stopped in mid -nod. “Come” an- 
nounced Hardy, “between us 
we will tailor a Merlin system 
to our exact size and structure 
which will save time, temper 
and money by being uniquely 
fashioned to our every foible? 


Hardy came to an abrupt halt. 
“Take £he sales department.” The 
consultant took a step back at such 
unprecedented pertinence, “Here” 
continued Hardy, “we need the 
phones to be grouped, so that an 
unattended phone can be answered 
from any other extension.’ 

The consultant made a note 
in his book. “We need certain 
frequently used numbers to be 
accessed quickly and easily with 
short codes;* The consultant made 
another note. Craning over his 
shoulder, Hardy noticed that the 

consultant had written ‘Merlin 
Octara, ‘Group Pick Up’ and 
‘Abbreviated Dialling’. Hardy 

was secretly impressed. 

A quick-witted consultant, 
like an affordable tailor, was a rare 
and valuable commodity. It was 
time to put him through his paces. 

“That phone” ordained Hardy 
“must never receive an outside 
call, they must always go through 
this extension. And these phones 
should not have access to 
international lines? The consultant 
scribbled ‘Call Diversion’ and 
‘Call Barring’ on his list, and 
underlined ‘Merlin Octara’ 

Hardy continued. “I need to 

be able to see at a glance which 
extensions are busy, I need a 
telephone conferencing system..? 


The consultant waited for 
Hardy to come to a halt before 
speaking. “Mr Hardy. You men- 
tioned the range of Merlin phone 
systems from British Telecom. 
I suggest that a Merlin Octara 
will accommodate your rich and 
diverse requirements? 

“ Doubtless, Mr Hardy, 
there’ll be additions for your 
system in the future” said the 
consultant. “A Merlin Call 
Management system would 
give you all the information you 
need to make adjustments to 
your phone system to ensure 
peak performance at all times.” 
Hardy was stunned. Here 
was a man of formidable 
intellect, a . certain vision and 
perhaps... Hardy turned to 
the consultant, “Tell me, where do 
you have your suits made?” 

Merlin is British Telecom's exclusive brand of highly 
compatible electronic business products and systems, 
supported by BT* s outstanding service and technical back-up. 

For more information, call FREEFONE MERLIN or send 
the coupon to Victor Brand, British Telecom Merlin, 





Phone Systems □ Call Management □ Other 

fr^) Merlin 

V|V Business systems 


Business systems from British "fetecom 








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TUfi'iiMJaS WnDNtsDAtf Max 141:986 






May 13: Mr B.O. White (Her 
Majesty's Ambassador Extraor- 
dinary and Plenipotentiary at 
Tegucigalpa) and Mrs white 
had the honour of being re- 
ceived by The Queen this 

His Excellency Daiuk 

Jamaluddin Abu Bakar was 
received in audience by The 
Queen and presented the Letters 
of Recall of his predecessor and 
his own Letters of Commission 
as High Commissioner for 
Malaysia in London. 

His Excellency was accompa- 
nied by the following members 
of the High Commission who 
had the honour of being pro- 

of the Commonwealth Founda- 
. don) was in a tt enda n ce. 

The Right Hon. Margaret 
Thatcher, MP (Prime Minister 
and First Lord of The Treasury ) 
had an audience of Her Majesty 
this evening. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips, Chancellor of the 
University of London, this eve- 
ning presented the Purple 
Awards to Sportsmen sand 
Sportswomen of the University 
of London ax the International 
Students House, Great Portland 
Street. Wl. 


miwtiwtH the Queen 

MAY 13: The Princess Mar- 
Countess of Snowdon, 
President of the St John 
Ambulance Association and 
Brigade, was present this after- 
noon at the County Presidents' 
Conference at St John Head- 
quarters, Grosvenor Crescent. 

The Hon. Mis Wills was in 
attendance. * 

sen ted to Her Majesty: Mr Yeop 
Adlan (Deputy High C 

ligh Commis- 
sioner),' Darin Fauzah MobcL 
Danis (CounseUor/Head of 
Chancery), Mr Abdul Manaf 
Hamid (Counsellor (Informa- 
tion)), Colonel Yaacob Haji 
Salleh (Defence Adviser). Mr 
Mohammadiah Munir Zaruli 
(Senior Trade Commissioner), 
Mr Haji Osman Jaffar 
(Counsel lor/ Education Ad- 
viser), Nordin Abdul Gharri 
(First Secretary) and Mr 
Mokhear Mohamed (Second 

Da tin Jamal nddin had the 
honour ofbeing received by The 

Sir Antony Adand (Perma- 
nent Under Secretary of State 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs) who had the honour of 
being received by Her Majesty 
was present, and the Gentlemen 
of the Household in Waiting 
were in attendance. 

The Queen received Fellows 
participating in the Common- 
wealth Foundation Fellowship 
Scheme to Promote Common- 
wealth Understanding. 

Mr Incite F. Faletan (Director 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived by the Vice-Chancellor of 
the University (the Lord Flow- 
ers) and the President of the 
University Sports Council (Miss 
Joanna Breare). 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Boorke 
was in attendance. 

By command of The Queen, 
the Baroness Hooper (Baroness 
in Waiting) was present at 
Heathrow Airport — London 
this afternoon upon the depar- 
ture of The President of the 
Republic of Portugal a nd Se - 
nbora Soares and bade farewell 
to Their Excellencies on behalf 
of Her Majesty. 


MAY 13: Princess Alice. Duch- 
ess of Gloucester was present 
this evening at a concert given 
by Taznas vasanr in celebration 
of The City of Westminster’s 
at St John’s, 

Smith Square, 
The Ho 

May 13: Queen Elizabeth The 
Queen Mother, President of the 

Victoria Cross and George 
Cross Association, was present 
this afternoon at a Service of 
Remembrance and Re-Dedica- 
tion at the Church of St Martin- 
in-the- Fields. 

Mrs Patrick Campbell- Pres- 
ton and Sr Martin Gflliat were 
in attendance. 

Her Majesty was sub- 
sequently present at the 
Presadem's Reception in St 
James's Palace. 

Mrs Patrick CampbeU-Pres^- 
ton and Sir Alastair Aud were in 

Mrs Patrick Campbell-Pres- 
ton has succeeded Lady Angela 
Oswald as Lady-in-Waiting to 

Ton Jane Walsh was in 

May 13: The Duke of Kent, 
President of the Royal National 
Lifeboat Institution, this after- 
noon presented the annual 
awards at the Royal Festival 

Captain Michael Campbdl- 
Lamerton was in attendance. 

The Duchess of Kent, Chan- 
cellor, today visited the 
Brotherton Library' and later 
presided at the Congregation for 
the Conferment of Honorary 
Degrees at the University of 
Leeds. This evening Her Royal 
Highness attended a dinner in 
honour of the Honorary 

The Duchess, who travelled 
in an aircraft of The Queen's 
Flight, was attended by Mrs 
Peter Wilmot-SitweU. 
MAY 13: Princess Alexandra 
presented the 1986 Templeton 
Prize for Progress in Religion to 
Dr James L McCord this after- 
noon during a ceremony at 

Lady Mary Fitzalan-Howand 
was in attendance 


General Dental Council 
Sir Frank Lawton, President of 
the General Denial Council, and 
members held a ladies' night 
dinner last night at 37 Wimpole 
Street. The guests were Sir 
Geoffrey Fmsberg, MP, and 
Lady Fmsberg. 

nicians, held in the Great Hall of 
the Institute of Chartered 
Accountants in England and 
Wales, to celebrate the first five 
years of the Association. Lord 
Benson replied to the toast of 
the guests and proposed the 
health of the association. 

Women's Advertising Chib of 

Mr Michael Grade was the guest 
speaker at the May dinner of the 
Women's Advertising Club of 
London held at the Savoy Hotel 
last night. Miss Danielle Bair, 
president of the dub. presided. 

of Accotmting 

inaugural Drapers’ lecture given 
by Lord Denning. Others 
present included: 

Lady Denning tiie principal and 
Lady Men ter. Sir Arthur and 
Lady Drew, the Dean of the 
Faculty of Laws, the Director of 
the Goitre for Commercial Law 
Studies, the vice-principal, pro- 
principals, governors and the 
college secretary. 

Mr Geoffrey Lockhart presided 
at the first dinner of the Associ- 
ation of Accounting Tecfa- 

Federatiw of Civil Engmeermg 

The Federation of Civil En- 
gineering Contractors held its . 

annual dinner last night at the BirthcUiVS tOuflV 
Hilton Hotel, Park Lane. The J " 

speakers were the Hon Nicholas 
Ridley, Secretary of State for 
Transport, and Mr Charles M. 

Winter, Group Chief Executive, 

Royal Bank of Scotland Group, 
pic. Mr Frank Gibb, presided. 

Queen Mary College 
A dinner was held at Queen 

Mary College last night after the 

Miss Francesca Annis, 41; DrH. 
Kamuzu Banda, 81; Mr Chav 
Btyth, 46; Vice-Admiral Sir 
Peter B uchanan, 61; Mr Denis 
Can nan, 67; Sir Eric Cheadle, 
78; Lord McAlpine of West 
Green, 44; Miss Sian Phillips, 
52; Sir Peregrine Rhodes, 61; Sir 
Adam Ridley, 44; Mr Bob 
Woolmer, 38. 


The Bishop of ] 
and his wife Dorothy, at 
yesterday* after his appointment 
Edmonds bury and Ipswich had 

Rev John Dennis, 
West mi ns te r, 
as Bishop of St 
been announced!. 

Science report 

Technology aids 
on malaria 


By Dorothy Boon 

Anewtedurkraeforexamin- specific 
ing Mood for malaria pa r asites 
wffl enable technician to pro- 
cess 1,000 finger-prick blood 
samples a day, nstead of 6® as 
at present 

About a third of the world's 
population is exposed to the 
risk of malaria iafectim, and 
doctors engaged in the battle 
against the disease are con- 
stantly f r u stra ted by the 
parasite's ability to develop 
resistance to drugs that initial- 
ly seem protnismg. 

Genetic tecbsology has now 
come to the aid of the epidemi- 
ologists, whose job it is to 
identify areas where mfectivity 
is hfefa, and to evaluate the 
effectiveness of control and 
treatment programmes. 

Malaria parasites can be 
detected accurately by exami- 
nation of Mood smears under 
the microscope. However, it is 
a time-consranhig proem and 
needs skilled laboratory staff. 
Immunological tedmiqoes are 
effective, too, but they cannot 
distinguish between past and 

present infections because ma- 
laria antibodies persist in the 
Mood after the parasites have 

The genetic technique, 
which so far has bean used to 
identify only the commonest 
but also the most dangerous, 
malaria parasite, Plasmodium 
falciparum, Hses antdioactne- 
ly-fabelled gene probe ter de- 
tect a fragment of DNA 

to .that particular 

To obtain the probe. Dr 
Robert H. Barker and col- 
at Harvard School of 
Health screened 1,080 
different fragments of F. 
falciparum DNA. They finally 
isolated one which would be 
used in tarn to pick out a short 
DNA sequence specific to P. 
falciparum and would ignore, 
for instance, human DNA or 
DNA front other sources of 

The probe was able' to detect 
a mhiute quantity of DNA in a 
Mood sample, equivalent to 
only 100 malaria parasites, 
which represents a tow level of 
infection. Moreover, the inten- 
sity of the reaction seen in the 
Mood samples varied with the 
parasite density, which means 
that the test could be stan- 
dardized for ase in eptdemio- 

to be tested replaced 
on nitrbcellMose paper, to 
which die ' probe is then ap- 
plied. A. positive .reaction, is 
seen as a dark disc when X-ray 
film is exposed to the iiltrocel- 
Infose paper, amt the size of 
the disc varies according to the 
amount of DNA (and therefore 
the number of malaria para- 
sites) present. 

The new technique is ideal 
for . field work in developing 

Source: Science, vol 231, p 1434; 



Sr Mdes Clifford 
A' memorial servodefoi'SirMSes 
CHfiford was hdd id the Chspd 
Of the- Order of .the British 
Empire, St Paul's Cathedral, 
yesterday. The Dean, wpo o roct: 
nted and gave an address was.; 

assisted by Cane® Peter Ball and 

the Rev -Mfcbad Beck. The 



Maimer who chronicled 
Medilman^ history 

. Bfysgs Found fi963jf’ fc a 

Buie Bradford, the author 
whose books vividly record 

(widow). Mr jack ! 

B HMSggggl 


hes-ont boaL ft mas a ptqfit. 
able voyage - n mixfurc 

In September, 1939, he did 
not tuna tm ftw 1 the new term 
but instead joined the. Navy; 
town' deck, on his 18th bsitfr- 


As a small boy at 

UppinghamSdioot, he took _ ... . . 

steps to inherit the stndyonco- sqholazship^ . andexptatas - 
held by James Elroy Flecker, tore, ft..* 4 — 

“I grew to. 
new ft) tote 


he missed a DSC 

on aje dnucaly ^recriTO^tiie.. 

small consolation of ajMen- ™ 

the Ionian to thr^wmfcaad 

to Aha opr - r-7 : 

Ife knowfcdfee df 

ms p 

FaundaUon)- Mr C A PT DespaftJ^ Com^l- 

HPam wywasJtMr 

iBSspste s s ttm 

Wtr ftMUmtte Of I nMn 


icndad a service of thanksgtvtos nr 

fi££~ " 

TUB Voi Lotte 

pronounced Itw 


Rnsltin Sodety oTLopdkM 
Lady Lloyd of Kftgjerran re- 
ceived the guests at a . reception 
of the Ruston Society of London 
held yesterday -evening at tee 
Royal Institution of Great Brit- 
ain. Dr N. Shrimptou delivered 
a tectnre afterwards. ' 


Lord Mayor of We stmi n st ar 
After a concert at St JahnV 
Smith Square; to celebrate 
Westminster's quatocentenary, 
the Lord Mayor last rughtgavea 
supper at Westminster City 
HalL The guests included: 

TM M mnB pB r and Mm 
V an BetHngiiaio- tbe Yugoslav Amttu- 
sador and Mine CMOMaT lh» Mexi- 
can A mb a s s a dor. tbe Lord Lieutenant 
of Greater London and Lady BramaH. 
MB Robert RundL nrSabOao of 
Westminster and Mix 

ave writer and -compulsive 
saitor. bc lived for many years 
after the'war m * inverted 
windmill at Kaftara, Maim, 
his home between smati-boat 
voyages in the Aegean and 
Other waters. 

Bradford's interest in an- 
taqoes ted him in 1947 tribe a 
founder editor cf the Antique 
Dealer, and Collectors Gmde. 
-He was an authority on the 
subject, writing n nmnbeTof 
books: ' -Contemporary 
Jewellery and SSbter Design. 
(1950), Four Centuries cf Eu- 
ropean JeweHery {\95Z\ and 
Dictionary of Antiques (1 963|. 

ffis many historical novels 
have the flavour <rftbe M«&- 
terranean, for which he had a 
fondness, ^ndhe spommost 
^the years between 1950 and 
I960 railing fee “ Inland Sea" 
on his own-cotter. " 

The Great Siege, pubfished 
in -1961, ii a Ixtshty readable 
and cpkwrfol accotmt of the 
Skse of Malta by therTurlcsm 
1565, a- dray fit for a Holly- 
wood epic. -His Companion 
Guide to the Greek Islands, 

' published two' years later, is 
both distinctive arid itufivid- 
uaL For his research, Bradford 
set foot- on every island said 
the guide is still widely used by 

gave an edgt offirofesskofi. 
ism ar Ms acajam oF-fw^i 
warfiue in Mediterranean: 
Portrait of * Sea (1921). 
Gibralta r: idt* Ff£sstoy^ m a 
Fortress, -was pubfished -later 
■ the'same yeae... . 

He dm- - tiirned his famqd; 

. whfa success: to biopa[' '' ' 

Jftnry ;ibe lteyigato£ 

Cteopoaxa; Ndsoo^af Haag 
baL.Heneyv:fditimed:te^ a 

IsopapMes are ; 

s35lT . / r. 

f,# 1 ' ■■ !!j 31 

'***?# ‘-* r ' 

to; 5 


- - -T — — — JS -u _^T__ ^.1^.“ -■ . 

accu rat e ma ita f i r siur i g, 

tin two' ' . , 



bo^s of thtt kiaa, tbfff hre 
wiefi writKm, -evoca *ee and 
devted offelse heiifeesvasji 
they show Bradford^ as aa 
advesminna and jpomc man h 

... Strudc.^f ajcr^fiug fllaess 
m Ms- tear years, Bt&rfibrd 
continued to wrfte aritil:tfae 
cnd- Tfe Was poe of the very 
best-of the noo-acadenpc Ms. 
torisiriaiidlHsvriizm^had a 
rate' quality, ricfrl unfit' tbe 
atmosphere of Cfe Anaeni 
World. He • was ^ rfecficated 
gggtf wt^ a^ 


■■ - 

" a 


.*Lu& - p 

f!* 1 : lv 

Rogn^Mr wt^MvU I 

Mr and M re T^mas Vasny. mt 
M aKxd m wrnimmnw H Mr Rodney I 


pooemofFcx^tisrn which die 





A memorial service, for Horace 
Held ParshaO, former Chan- 
cellor of die Older of St John 
and Master of the Merchant. 
Tajiou'tampBar, win be held 
at the Grand Priory Churdi of St 
John, St John's Square, London, 
EC1, on Ihnrsday, May 22, 
1986, at noon. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths and In Memoriam 

£4 a Bm + 1S« VAT 

(minimun 3 lino) 

AunounccnjOTt^. aulheoticajal by the 
01 ihe 

nunc and pefnancm address 
sender, may be acm lo: 

TO BOX 484 
Vfrpaia Street 
Lasdun El 

or idepboned (by telephone subs- 
ciben only) toe 01-4*1 302* 

Amraancemcnls can be received by 
Kksbonc between 9.00am and 
SJOpm Monday to Friday, on Satur- 
day between 9.003m and 12 noon. 
WMS1 4000 Ud- For publication the 
W lowing day phone by I JOpm. 

etc on Conn and Social Page IS a En 

Coon and Social Page announce- 
ments can not be accepted by 
telephone. Enquiries to: H-H2 9953 
(after lOJOaml. or send la 

1. fa—wn SomC lend— El. 

WALKER On 90i May 1986 At Prto- 
cess Margaret Hospital. Swindon, to 
Skip & Simon, a Son Thomas, a 
brothe r tor Proe. 

WARDROK - On 1st May to Joanne 
(nee FrankHn) and WQllara a son 
Ale* Mdaren. 

WHEATMS - On May 9th al the Royal 
Free Hospital. Hampstead, to Aye* 
and Phillip- a daughter. 


BOUQUET to Mbs JJVL Setway. The 
marriage took place on May 9th tot 
London of Mr. Jonathan Bouquet, 
younger son of Mr. A Mrs. CJ». Bou- 
quet and Jenntfier Sdway. only 
daughter of Mr. & Mrs. UH. Setway. 


The MI icmi Ho n«e noc hut th, whoh 
dtap—tag thereof U of the LORD. 
Pfowtla 16: 33 


On llth May. at Guy's 

Hospital London. Id Diana tn6e Scriv- 
ener) and CSve. a daughter Caroline 
Diana Alice, a abler for Siobhan. 

AYBOH On 7th May to Tanya (n6e van 
HasseftJ aPd Richard, a son. Edward 

BAfLLK On May 7ih at st Thomas 
HosMaL to Linda and lam a daugh- 
ter Kane, a abler tor Sarah. 

BLACKBURN On llth May 1986. at 
Mount AHenda. Guildford to Eliza- 
beth cnee Parker) and John, a son. 

BOWYER - On May 7th to Carol and 
Andrew, a son. James, a brother for 

Andrews) and Francis on 7th May 
1986 in Lmdon. a son. 

On May 12tti at E 

Maternity Hospital Canrnrtope to Su- 
san and Jonathan, a daughter. 
Joanna RacheL a sister for Emily. 

BABBEY - On May 9th to Fort Knox. 
Kentucky, to Anne ins* Austin) and 
MaKr Christopher Gataey. a son and 
a daughter. Thomas and Han-ieL 

HETKDDKrnM - On 7th May to Kate 
and David, a son. MkhaeL 

RUSHAN on May lOth in London to 
Jane and Wade a son. John Peter 


JUSTUS On May aid to Claire <n£e 
Thorne) and Douglas, a daugther Al- 
exandra Claire. 

KUCHING To Nigel and Carotins a 
second daughter JuHette Himw «, 
29th April. 

LEE- On 27th April at- the Portland 
Hospital, to Marsha <n«e Bernstein) 
and . Alan. a. son Vidor Adrian, a 
brother for liana. 

•aAmW-raUtelUMME. On May the 
9Ui to Maggie arid Bruno, a son 
Chri stophe r. 

McCarthy on ajuu 29m to Bmta- 

deoeutee 8et30 and Simon, a son. 
Hauy Roborl Alexander. With grate- 
ful than ia to all al St Thomas*. 

MORROW Qn 9th May 1986. to Hnd 
(n6e Gram) and Robert, a daughter, 
Katherine EUabeth Anna. 

MOftTUMOl To Diina and Tony a son. 
Alexander George, born Tuesday 

_i3th May at St Peters. Maiden. 

®Dt»Y On l Uh May at St Peter'S Hos- 
pital. Makfon. to dare wee Gortect) 
and Gavfai. a daughter Belinda Luqr. 

OTBOL - On May 12m. to ChanptH 
and Denis, a daughter 

SETTLEOn May tout to Jennifer (j)ee 
H«Ueyl and John, a son Adam 
John, a brother for Rebecca. Paul 
and Steph en. 

SOWreMM On May 60. in Chtiten- 
£5Mf? ** Hydberg) 
Sven PtsSftp. a son Gostaf. a 
tor Ai ma wM SopMe. 

On May 9th 
* Hospital. 

ALBRECHT On May llth 1986. peace- 
fully m a Nursing Home. Joan C. M. 
of Creenacre. Setattyn. Shropsh i re, 
beloved wve or the tale John H. C. 
Albrecht and much loved mother or 
Michael and Peter. Service at 
Fentrehychan Crematorttan Wrex- 
ham. on Thursday May tsth 1986, 
at 3.00pm. Enquiries to W R R Pugh 
and Sons. Shrewsbury 0743 4646. 

AYMES Christian. Suddenly at home 
In Burnham. Beloved husband of 
Terte and lather of Richard. Nicky. 
Linda. Christina and Ricardo. Funer- 
al service al St Peters Church. 
Burnham, on Tuesday May ZOth at 
12.30pm. followed by ttuennenL E»- 
oulries to H C Grtmsead Ltd. Tel: 
Gerranb cross 0753 882644. 

BLACKSTOCSC on Sun llth May 
1986. suddenly at her home in Tun- 
bridge Wefts. Melody Elisabeth, 
widow or John Btockstock of Rowe A 
Company of Rangoon, Burma. Fu- 
neral at Tunbridge WeQs 
Crematorium on Tuesday. 20fh May 
at SJOpra. No mounting, no letters. 
Family flowers only, hut donations 
may he given to British Heart Foun- 
dation. 102 Ctouceste r Place. 
London W1H 4DH. 

BWfOn May 10th. very suddenly tn 
hospital. John isbcholas Lawrence, of 
The Han. Stontogton. York. Dearly 
loved husband of Sue and adored to- 
ther of Harry and Rosanna. Private 
funeral. Memorial Sendee to 
I fetmaley Church an May 20th at 12 

■Win On May Xllb peacefully al 
Letton Rest Home. Judith Eileen But- 
ba- M.BX. aged 9a formerly of 
Aberihmfl. Gtashury. Cremation pri- 
wte. M emorial Sendee at St Peters. 
Oasbury. on 2Eiti May at 11:00am. 

CAUnUN Peacefully al Ids home, on 
May 10th aged 62. Wing Command- 
er John Undtey Causton. O.B.E., 
IXF.CL. haf, (rtd). aficra long bat- 
he agaired cancer fought with great 
courage and imfaUing humour. 

Greatly loved husband of Elieen and 
loving faoier of Andrea and Diana, 
and kwtng grandtother or Anna. 
Bridget Richard and Sam. Funeral 
at Salisbury Crematorium, on Thure- 
day May 13th at 1245pm. No 
flowers. Do na tions if wished to the 
R.Af. Benevolent Fund, c/o Mm E 
Y Causton. 76 Ganaghcr-s Mead. Ao- 
dover. Hants. 

CHEN Patrick Bi rabni Brioved hus- 
band of Christine and knrtng father 
of Catherftie and Teresa, on the 1 lib 
May surrounded fay ab Ids family. 
Rcqmeai Mass at li. COsniSt Atom's 
CMhoMc Church. White Lion Road, 
ume Chaifoto. Rut to Peace. 

COLLETT - On Friday May 9th. 
Beatrice- Ohuetrrie Brown) beloved 
wife of Thomas Ktogslo. Funeral 
service at st NldMdai. CMstchursL 
llam Monday May 19th. Family 
flowers to FTancte Chappell & Suns, 
Boundary Place. Sevewnks Road. 
Orpington. Kent 

C OLL BW LE On I2lh May 1986. 
peacefully at her borne. Dorothy Ag- 
n«L aged 100 years. Funeral aenrtce 

C0>L On May 12 at St Vbicnnrs Hosoi- 
MDuMla aged 79. late of Bw 
Wdan Adndnbhatkm. Thomas 
Bl chant Fisher. BelOMd husbrnid of 

(mu father of Ai«n. Dosnwwi 

and Nevhie. Jennifer. Mkhed and 
Martpret Prh-ato cre mat ion 
Wednesday 14th May. Funeral ar- 
ranMMtos: E C Nichols Ltd. Dublin 

t rum. 

^ M * r - «o«toaily. toHuid 
Scott, aged «. of Hanbtny. 
wutan upon TresdL Beloved luatand 

£L iSS’JF&f fafl * r of 

hflchaei and Jane, dear grandtother 
i H wwrii am MoBy. 

Fu neral iggitici at 

FALLON Maureen of La RobeHne St 
Oin. Jersey. Cl. PeaoefliBy to hospi- 
tal on Saturday 10th May 1986. 
beloved wife of Tommy and loving 
mother of Brian. Raymond mid Rob- 
ert Cox. Loved moOwrUHaw of 
Joan and R o se m ary and ranch loved 
laaudiiiulliei of Emily and Thomas. 
Fiaseral In Jersey, family (lowers 
only. Donatfoos If desired to the Jer 
ney Hospice Care c/o David C. 
Norman. Norman Ltd. Commercial 
Buildings. St Hetter. Jersey CL Pilch- 
er A LC Queane FD. Tel 0634 77938, 

FK1JB On May 9th 1986. peacefully at 
Ms home in Berkshire. Denis Alfred, 
formerly of Birmingham. Very dear- 
ly loved husband of Peggy and loving 
father of Alexander. Mad elein e and 
Matthew. Service at Si Stephen's 
Church. Upper BasOdon. Reading, on 
Friday 16th May at 3.00pm. fol- 
lowed by Private emotion. Family 
Bowes only please, but donations. If 
desired, to Cancer Research Cam- 
paign. 2 Carlton House Terrace. 
London SWl. 

GARDNER Peace full y on Saturday 
10th May. Barry of Meadow Bam. 
DaBiam. aged 66 years. Much loved 
husband of Anita, and father of Jo 
and Karen. Funeral Service St 
Marys Chnrvh. DaBiam. Suffolk on 
Thursday 16th May. at Il.OOam. fat- 
towed by cremation. Ad enquiries to 
Southgate of Newmarket FimeraJ Dl- 
rectors. 26 Duchess Drive. 
Newmarket. Suffolk. 66248a 

NMV -On May 12th 1986 in hospital. 
Malar Donald Gray M.C_ date 
H.LU. after an ttness bravely 
borne, beloved husband of the late 
Elizabeth and much loved firmer or 
Rhodertck. Andrew. Jane. Su 
and Jonathan. Grandfoitter of 
Nicola. Sarah and Calvin. Funeral 
Friday May 16th 1030 i 
CunnerebuTy Cemetery. Flowers 
»d inquiries please to J H Kenyon. 
12 CWUern Street. London Wl. Ol- 
935 3728. 

- Gertrude. (Late Meredith 
and Drew), on 6tb May at Guys Hos- 
pital after a long Hines, bravely 
borne, dear shier of Alice and Elsie. 
Much loved aunt of Valerie. Janice 
and John. Funeral al Honor Oak Cre- 
matorium. Wednesday 14th May. 
10am. Family flowers only. Dona- 
tions if desired to toe bnpenal Cancer 
Res e arch Fund. 

HIRE On May 12th to the loving care 
of the Royal Star and Garter Hone. 
Dudley Ashton Hope Hire. Bng_ 
O.S.O. M.C. aged 92. Betoved 
father of Courtenay and Iris, and 
dear crandfatber of Ouemon 
Adrian. Funeral service at Sr. Mary's 
Church. Hampton, on Monday 19th 
May at 1pm. and thereafter to Acton 
Cemetery (Park noyaO. Flowers to 1 
T. H. Sanders & Sons LUL. 
Richmond. Sumy, or donations, if 
desired, to The Royal star and 
Carter Home. Richmond. 

HORNSBY On 8tb May 1986. at home 
peacefully. Philip FWiescue. Mem- 
ber of me London Stock Exchange. 
Loved by ha wife Joanna, children 
(3a (Sebnon) and Nick and grand- 
sons Tom. Guy aid Alex and Ms 
brothers and sisters. Cremation wai 
take Mace at Tunbridge Weils, on 
Monday May 19th at 3.00pm. Fam- 
ily (lowers only. Donations as he 
would have wished to Dr Bamardos. 
c/o C- Waterhouse & Sons. High 
Street. Burwadi. East Susa. 

LEWIS Brian Swtosteod. On 10th 
May. wlrteniy hot peacefully whilst 
on holiday at the Lizard. Dearly 
loved husband of Frances, fattier of 
Michael and Tim and a much loved 
grandfather. Family erem a t tou fol- 
lowed by Thanksgiving Service at 
New Road Baptist Church. Oxford on 
Friday I6th May at 2.00pm. Farafly 
flowen only, but douauans If desired 
to Regents Park College. Oxford. 
MART* On May nth. Norman Hen- 
ry (Nona) to his sis year- Dear 
husband of Martorte. father of 
Graeme and daughter-tnJaw Penny, 
grandpa of Nick and Luc L 
Funeral at the Downs Cre ma tmt u nt 
Brighton, al 11.30am on Tuesday 
May 20th. Ftotofy flowers only. Any 
do na tfona pl e ase to Cystic Fibrosis 
Res e ar c h Trust. 5 Btyth Road. Brom- 
tey. Kent 

HKT0H Peacefully at MarcfahaB 
Nursing Home. Edtnbwgh on May 
10th 1906. Jenny, betoved wife of 
the late Dr. T. Ralph Morton, dor 
RmOw of Faith. Hugh. Cohn and 
George. Service at warrtston Crenta- 
torinm- Edinburgh on ThiavtayMiy 
15th at 2J0pra. Fantoy flowen 

PATERSON On llth May 1986. aftet 
a short illness. Constance Anna aged 
79 yean, of BtandfonL Dorset. 
throa ty of EdtnBtsgti. 

PEHMAN Mi* Dorothy utee Scott) of 
NewtastkMjpoo-Tyne and India. . , 
Passed awag May llth at her L 

PETLEY-JOMES LlewcRyn. ArttsL on 
llth May 1986. peacefully at Queen 
Mary's HondtaL Roehunpton. after 
a sadden fttnesa. Dearly loved hus- 
band or Nancy. Earner of David. 
Rente. John. Kathy. Jo. Nancy and 
Anthony, and (ymdfldherof AUson. 
Clara. Stroan. Endty- Jamie. EBza- 
betb. Andrew. Thomas and ’EBtfer. 
Funeral Service at St Matthias 
Church. Rtdsnaod HHL an- Friday 
16th May at 2.15pm. Funeral ar- 
rangements by Sanders of 
Richmond. TfcL 01*948 1561. 
PLE3WER peter. On Sunday May llth 
at home. Beloved husband of Sandy, 
dearest father of Jane and Justin. 

. dear owidy sen of Bobs and Atoeru. 
Funeral Semico wlB take place at 
Beckenham Cw mat o riu m an Tues- 
day May 20th al 2-OOmn. 
SHERMTOn May 7. 1986. turn air- 
craft accideid to Utah. U4LA- 
GORDON L SHEMH.T. much loved 
hushout of Jean and fotlaer of Brian. 
Jane. Amanda and Luor. guardian or 
Alexander and Vicky, and grandfa- 
ther of Andrea. Matthew. OHver and 
Ben. survived by Ms mother, broth- 
ers John and LesBe and tester Helen. 
He Is sadly missed and coidd never, 
be rep la ced. Services wffl be held at 
Peterson Air Force Base in Colorado 
Springs May 14. A Memorial Service 
win be held in London on a date to be 
arranged. Funeral a r rangements 
Swan Law. Colorado springs. Colo- 
rado. Fandty flowers and do na ttons 
to the British Field Sports Society. 
iHORT Freda Mbs. of Sussex Down. 
Storrtngton. near Pulboroutai. west 
Sussex, peacefully to her sleep. 120i 
May 1986. Requiem Maos- at St 
Marys Storrtngton. 1045am. cre- 
mation 12.15pm at Worthing 
Crematorium. Friday 16th May 
1986. Flowers to H. D. Tribe Lid. 
130 Broad Waur Rood. Worthing. 
Enquiries to C M B Johnson. 1 
Cocfcfosur Parade. 01-441 1886- 
SrAMOMDVKOn 9lh May. sudden- 
ly Dr. Alex aged 53. betoved 
husband of Anne and rather of Nich- 
olas. Sasha and Marfco. Funeral 19th 
May 3-OOpra St Poors. Howeu Hffl. 
Cheam. Flowers to Trueloves. 

WOODROW- On May llth. Stsalay 
Blondes, suddenly and peacefully at 
home. Duckndro, WoUastoo. Norih- 
wnptonsMre. Betoved luatnnd of 
J1H. and loving Eatho- of Kerry and 
tSSPan. Fonaat SI Mary's 'Church. 
WoUaston. Friday 16th May. 
3j30pm- Fnsfly flowers only, if d* 
lunations to Chart* of - 
Ctergy Orphan Society, c/e 
and Son. Havelock SL 
WeWngborough. . 

WTWHWUIWW On May 4tu 1986. 
at Hotypori Lodge. Maidenhead. Nefl 
R. wynn-WBUams MJ3-. fonneriy of 
Bedford, to Ms 81st year. • 


BHMTM A Service of Thanksgtring 
lor the UK of Dr Desris Brtouon wm 
be hem to St John's Church. Hyde 
Park CrescenL London W2 on 
Wednesday 28th May 1986 to 12 

SUBLET - A memorial concert and 
thanksgiving for the afe of Anthony 
Burley. General Manager of Eastern 
Authorities Orchestral Association, 
win take place at 12 noon an 
Thursday 22nd .May 1986 In the 
Church of SL Sepulchre. ■ Kotoora 

.Viaduct. London ECl. The London 
Mozart Flayers and Erich Gruenberg 
win be conducted by Harry Blech. 

BURD Kate (Mipgy) on 10(h May after 
a short mess, betoved by 'all her 
family. Service at Exrter Crematort. 
urn. us. 14th BUy. Fawny flowers 
only. Do n ano n s If desired to M. 
Stanimry. c/o vanhouse. South Zeal 
for the Devon GUI Gudes Camp SneL 
Sou th Tawton. 

REEVES A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the Bfe of UL .ON.- tear Lath 
Reeves. DAO, M.C, win bo held m 
St MaryY Church. BatsforeL near 
Monofl-to-Maraii. G tou cest mn treon 
Thursday June 0th at 12 noon. 


Natkraal CUdreB’sHome 

Viscount Tonypandy, Chair- 
man of^c- National Oukfren’s 
Home, presided at a “Griktren 

sided and the other speakers 
were Mr Jim Bowen, Miss Katie 
Boyle, Mr Denis Noiden, Miss 
June Whitfield. Mr Terry 
Wogaziaxid MrMikeYarwood. 

in patter*’ luncheon heW yes- 

terday at the. Traveller^ ( 
and received a gift from Mr 
John (TConnefl. The guests 
included Lord Romsey, Mr 
Harold Haywood, Mr Detiek- 
Nimmo, Mr (X -E. A. J. 
Makower and Mr Brian 

Variety Ctab of Great BrBain 
Mr Boh Monkhouse was the 
guest of honour at a luncheon 
given by the Variety Chib. of 
Great Britain at the Hilton hotel 
yesterday to mark his forty years 
in show buanesa Mr- Harry 
Goodman, chief barker, ' pre- 

Mr A. Oimoiid Enni 

Mr Anthony Osmond-Evans 
held a luncheon on-Manday for 
leaders of Industry in honour of ] 
the Secretary of State for the 
Home Department, the lion 
Douglas Hurd, at the St James 
Court Hotel, SWl; by courtesy 
of Mr Santasb Oberoi, Vice- 
President of Taj International 
Holds: .Among- those present 

Loro Boston. Sr Bontodl IMtwL 
Mr CoUn Marsha n. Mr Bases Conns. 
Mr Derek- Horaby. Mr Win BtaMO. 
Mr Frank Andrew. Mr John Jervis. 
Mr George Mncus. Mr WBBam Bony. 
Mr Stewart McCott. Mr EUwin Bhset. 
Mr Guy Cooper. MT Derek Be&Jones. 
Mr Ettas FMtaLMr Brtaiv WoUnn «nd 
Mr Brian McCflifvray. 

Dr Alicia Maresn de Jnsta, 
the Aispentnre SodahsUeadcr 
andGatspoten campaigoer for 
women's rights, died i Bue- 
nos Aires on May 12, . al the 

The : danger. French 
political exiles from the Paris 
commune, Marean was bom 
in London on October JI, 
J885. \ - 

Shortly afierteaids, her jiar- 
ents moved fo Axgeimna 
-where, in 19J4, she gradHafod 
cum laude as a doctor, seven 
yeare after, .entering' . file 
country’s political fiay. 

In 1920 riie founded the 
Women’s Pro-Suffrage Com- 
mittee and a year Iain' joined 
the Socialist Italy, which 
would hold her alkgiaace for 
80 years.: 

Sie married Juan EL Jnsto, 
the founder of file Argentine 
Socialist Party, in 1924 by 
whom she tad three diihljnen, 
before his untimely death only 
four years fader. 

. Amongtbe political acts the 
couple sharedwas the found- 

but,-.- although conte mp t uou s 
rtf Eva Itafin, die daduntfed 
to recognize the importaiicrof 
Penta’sjavofvement iagrajit- 
. ing.- womenthe irofte^ti. 
that Morean bad 
for itope decades. 1 

-iqg-cf the Casa dd PucMb in 
1927/ the socialisf 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr R. HL Pahno- ' 
and Miss-J.C. Gasceigne-Ptees 
Tbe engagement is armounced 
between Raphe, younger son of 
Brigadier G. M. Palmer and the 
late Mrs D. U. D. Palmer, of 
Overton, Hampshire^ andJulia, 
younger (taughter of' Mr : J^' 
Gascoignc-Pees andlhelate Mrs 
J. EL Gittcmgne-Fees and step- 
1 daughter or Mrs A. E. Gts- 
ooigue-Pees, of Reigate, Surrey. 

Mr A. C. T.W. RasseO 
and Miss E. D. Maoaera ' - 
Tire engagement . is armounced 
between Alexander, son .of the 
hue Sic John Russell and of 

London SW, and of Elmbeth, 
elder daughter of Lord and Lady 
John Manners, of Knipton, 
Grantham, Lincolnshire. 

Mr M. Hoalrie 

and Miss D. Doiaghtj- 

Tickborae . 

The engagement is announced 
■between Michael, only son of 

Mr P. Laudas 
and Miss C E. Lamer 
The engagement is announced, 
between. Patrick, son of Mr S. 
Landua and tire late Mrs Lan- 1 
dan, of Paris, and Caroima 
Edwina,. youngest dauduer. of | 
MrJack Limxerand thetitc Mrs 
Lunzer, of London. 

Dr. M. M. Parrish 
and Miss J. M. Stefiude 
The engageniem is announced 
between Mark, only son of Mr I 
and Mrs D. Parrish, of Woking, 

place and 1 «iitiwai . centre 
which the Pertetas destroyed 
in 1953. - 

. Moreau was a mflitant op- 

A fifelcing pacifist, she J»- 
> auiaq editor m jf5B- tit la 
Vcmguardia, the iocalsocialist 
da3y.ia ,l975, along with the 
rife confounded tbe Pmnanent 
As sembl y for Human Rights, 
one of the watchdog groups 
which /deuauiiced .^lhe 
country's human: rights vioh- 
tions under military rufe from 
1976^ to ]9ft£Slfefahau>ed its 
president untfl ter death. 

During her 30 years as a 
leaxAer - of ; psychology; rife 
wrote many books, including 
Women in Democracy and 
The Definition cf Socialism 
According to Juan B. JusUL 

She was widely respected by 
fellow politicians even though 
she played laxgely&Gere&KMU- 
al role in recent year* and 
irever reached such prominent 
positions as successive wives 
of the former president, -Juan 
Feriii.- . 


! - 

•a fair*- 

!b*E Bfe-- ■- 

ffVKt L ■ '- : 

i d -7 tee*- 
.Mae •' 


t,ir s ^ U-' 

• at 
at j r 

Sts Tr : 

in •- ; f 

t-ri s’.’s-s - 

ite U:\m- 

lef 2 '* 7- 



• Yfl • M 




-'.1 :r , 

.. ' 


Surrey, and Jan, only daughter 
J. Stefame, of 

of Mr ami Mrs 
Bridgend, Glamorgan. 



' 1886 to Tst MtoCti 1978. YOU wraM 
have been 100 soars tod. Our 
thoughts and kwe are wan you today 
as a lways. 

EEKEK in loving memory or my 
dearest wife Rian, gone- but not 

FI ■ K Francis M&es Laming. On Ms 
Birthday, who died suddenly In Crete 
Agra ton lSSS-'RonemiMraa with 

R OM HS O H Matthew. X4th May 1986. 
In. proud' and ever tovmo rosoncy. 

*1 -- *- > 

... - JSl ^.v . ry j acfc-HajipJtf 

Mr and Mrs John Hendrie, of 
Downs Hollow, Oupgpiiw Nor- 
ton, Oxfordshire, and Denise, 
youngest daughter of the late Sir 
Anthony and' Lid 
Tichborae of Tich 
Alresford, Hampshire.- 
Mr M. C. C- Odlam 
and MSss K. J. Atehciiey 
The e ng agement is annoimced 
between Mark -Llewellyn 
Charles, son of Mr- and Mrs 
Norman Odium, of 
Springniount, Chapel izod. Dub- 
lin 2), and Katharine Jane, 
younger daugfarer of Sir Harold 
Atcherley, of. Loi« Mdfmd, 
Suffolk, an'd Mrs Anita 
Atcherley, of Bramham Gar- 
dens, London. SWS. 

Mr G. C. Breboer 

and Miss M. F. Cmmams 
The engagement is announced 
between Graham, eldest son of 
Mr and Mrs David Brcbner, of 
By, Cambridgeshire, and Mary 
Florence, younger daughter of 
Mr and Mrs Kenneth Cummins, 
of Great Bedwyn, Wiltshire. 

Mr P. R.E. Decdes-Vuicke 
-add Mbs L. E. Bncknull 
The engraemest is announced 
between Patrick, eider son of M 
Marcel Vlncfce, - of langhay^, 
Leicesiershire,' andofMrsJoan 
Deedes^of .Chiswi ck. 1/mffo n, 
and Lucy, younger daughter of 
Lieutenant-Commander and 
Mrs Roger B actual I, of 

Mr A. P. Jeffrey 
and Mbs A. M. Grettoa 
The engagement is announced 
'between Andrew Paul, younger 
. son of Mr and Mrs IX B. Jeffrey, 
of Cobham, Surrey, and Anna 

MrC-S- Pigott 
and Mbs A. A. Candrey 
The marriage has been arranged 
and wifi cake place shortly 
between~Chartes,'eWest son of 
Mr H. Pigott. of Richmond, 
Surrey and - Mrs R Jobes, of 
"Tunbridge Wells; and Adriana, 
only daughter of Mr L. Viner- 
Caudrey and -the late Mrs H. 
Viner-Caudicy of Fulham. ■ 

Mr N. R. PkHwi 

-and Miss R. M. Magnire - 
The- engagement is announced 
between Nigd. son -of Mr and 
Mrs C F. P ullman, of| 
f, and 'Rosina, 

Mr fen Henderson, a lead* 
ing stockbroker and business 
consultant in the City, who 
also devoted much time :and 
energy to the Mental Health 
Foundation, ha$died,-aggd 77. 

His business activities ex- 
tended to - many /countries, 
including the United. States, : 
which be visited regularly and 
where' he had many business 
assoentaes and friends. ... 

Henderson was keenly in- 
terested in the general welfare 
of tbe community and, with 
Dr Derek Richter, founded in 
1949. the. Mental Health Re- 
search Fund, later to become 
the Mental . Health 
Foundation. , 

Henderson ammoed,- in' 
1952, amedical conference at 
hisold Oxford colics, Magda- 
len, which broi^ht together 
prominent acfentatsapd dini- 

whkh .hampe re d, study into 
the nature, pevention and 
cureof meat 

iter of the fere Major A. J. 
>f Mbs 

That meeting, one - of fife 
first of its kind, led m ffefitcr 
conferences at Oxford where, 
in 1954,an intematkmal sym- 
posium of leading neuro scien- 
tists in the field m&ijoed the 
start of an anportatti-series-of 
such gathoings. . 

- -These meetings/ together 
with fiietr published proceed- 
underatandmg of thenervons 
system and the application of 
the neuro sciences to = the 
problems of psychiatry. - 

During the wai 1 , Henderson 
wap one of those who woe 
dropped behind tbe lines in 
Yugoslavia, where his exploits 
became well known. 

He was active also as- a 
writer, of bodes and, -besides 
two volumes on ceramics, he 
produced The Winchester Div- 
er. as well as. The Complete 
Gotferaat i Golf in the Making. 
which describes the hisiory of 
the game he greatly loved. 

Sfe 1 *". 

<. r- 

5 t-'‘ 


V 1 

M, ; Maguire and of Mrs Ma- . 
guire, of Tisbury, Wiltshire. 

Mr R. C. A. Symons - 
and Miss R£A Woodward 
The engagement is announced 
between Richard, second son of | 
Mr- F.B. Symons, of 
Stoddtridge:' Hampshire;' and 
Mrs B. E^jahd'of Hgbddeati, 
Wiltshire, and Richenda, only 
dai^iter of Mr and Mrs Rich- 
ard. Woodward, .of ChoUiaixi^ 
Surrey. ; ■ { ■ 

Mr R. J. Wiltshire V 
and Miss J. M. Green . 

The engagement is announced 
between Robot son of Mr and 
Mrs. John Wiltshire,' iof 
Crowthome, Berkshire, and Jes- 
sica, - daughter of Dr .Richard 
Green, of AJverstoke." Hamp- 
shire; and Mrs Ann GreeiL of 
-Bishops Waltham, Hampshire: | 

Marriage . ! 

Dr B. D. George ‘ ' * 
and Miss&.F. -Parish-. 


Miss Millicent Silver, 
FRCM, the harpsichordist 
and pianist, died on -May I 
after a long ifiness.. 

- She went tor the Royal 
CoUege of Music as a scholar 
at the age of 1-7 tad won both 
the Chappell medal for piano 1 
pldying a&d-the Tagore gold - 
medal asthtf outstanding stti- 
deht of her -year,' •' 

. _At first she played both fife 
violin . and' tire, ptano profes-. 

the London 
scanUe in 1‘ 
modi ■ of-' their 
activity .to .it for 

NfiUreent Stiver was one of 
‘ tire first British artists to jriay 
the harixachoni as a normal 

than as an^h^toric curiosity. 
However, she never afaan-' 
doned-the piano. ■ - 


>S ■ 

sronally, but: soon; rame to 

concentrate on tire' keyboard: 
.She established herself as a 
-'pianist, bul her. career/was 
intoupted tire -Depression 

aod. lafer; ; by flie Second 
World Wat. 

George, son of Mr and Mrs wfao ™ »» had a professtooal 
D-Geotge,' -and Miss Susan association Tasting more than 
Fa rishv daughter of Mr and Mns ' half a century. They married 
. in 1932 and together set *bdut 

, The- bride was given in .mar- exploring - the ' then 1 largely 

baroque period and above all 
m Bach. Her playiiw was 
characterized by. powerful, ar- 
chitectural sense;' .- strong: 
rhythm and mr acute ear for 
colour and phrasing. She 
• .While still -at -lhe : Royal '.made- her fast. public appear 
Collie,, Miflident Silver met ance.iir 1982. 





MHUceot Silver taught, all 
her fife and for many years 
until 1980 . was profissor. of 
' both harpsichord and piano at 
the .Royal College, of which 


t: * . 

Ahhou^i - uneasy with' the 

A . wanting process, slremadea- . , 

Thiifed her at the end orthe- r number of coinslsiMjS^- 







. 'I' 




British attfodes to 

and sexist by mnurt 
soa with these of Ancrican 
advocates contributing to So- 
ckty, Science amt Sex (TTY), 
toe second of three debates 
staged by Granada. 

“Are you saying that moth- 
erhood is sacred and Jhffaer- 
hood is not?* demanded the 
moderator, the barrister Hete- 
n Kennedy, eiA a three of 
nnbeHef m her voice. -'ra 
basis «* which this cbiki is at 
■risk that the father* taking it 
hoone?* enquired an American 
fawyer in tones of ' 
Three was a choke 
when a weOhknown British 
infertility consultant argued 
with the bankosed Ameri- 
cans on the basis of the paid- 
for memoirs of one 
' moth er, while 
with admirable ' . precision, 
claimed a data base of 137 
happy cases. 

lie rambfiag hypothetical 
format bad been tightened for 
. this cycle of programmes so 
that* instead of exploring one 
make-believe situation, die 
panel of experts was called' to 
accrant fcy a variety of ques- 
tions, many of which 
firmed simple matters of fort. 
The programme was 
enthralling where ft hod bare 
the entrenched attitudes to 
motherhood and ar- 
insenrination on both 
sides of the Atlantic. • 

Ladies in Charge (ITV), the 
new series about three of the 
intrepid women who returned 
from w o rk ing alongside men 
during the Rest World War 
with a spirit of Independence 
and distaste Ah’ domesticity, 
captured the viewers’ attention 
through more dassic devices. 
Sexist is not a charge which 
could be levelled at this series 
although certain aspects of the 
sociological period detail could 
be improved. When .a stylish 
woman of a cetlam age de- 
mands that an employment 
agency find her a housekeeper 
who is a yorag virgin, toe head 
of the firm, instead of showing 
her the door, sends one of (be 
partners rand to the boose at 
once. When the boosed mas- 
ter, a fabulous c om bi n a t ion of 
Mr Rochester and Chopin, 
makes a pass at the got, she 
allows him to contitiue toe 
disenssioa in lire bedroom. ' 
Needless to toy, -toe- entire 
scenario proved to be- a 
spider’s web of debanebery 
from which die innocent fly 
straggled free in toe nick of 

The BBC today officially unveils its plans for the 1986 
season of Henry Wood Promenade Concerts; the architect 
of the season, until his recent retirement from the post of 
Controller, Music, was Robert Ponsonby, who here gives 
an insight into the pleasures and problems of organizing 
what is often called the world’s greatest music festival 

Unique responses to the 
unfamiliar challenge 

liszt (top), celebrated — wrasoafly— . 
on the hundredth anniversary of ms 
death; and Henze, brinnM an Italian 
accent of sorts, and the UK premiere of 
his Seventh Symphony 


hearings, most 
opera R pngtonienx, and Brnckner, for 
the first tune more 
represented than 

f one surrogate Isaac Stern’s memorable dictum, “If nobody 
toe opporitioo, wants to come, nothing will stop them*; 


Celia Brayfield 

to the Proms than to any 
concert scries I know of But it applies; 
and whoever plans the p rog ram mes can run 
onjyso many risks. Assessing the number and 
size of them puts a sharp edge onthe job. 
Tbisyear there are plentyof risks anfrlbe- 
some jood ^programmes. Not every 
statu has fallen . into . place as I would have 
liked; certain problems were even more 
recalcitrant than usual and stubbornly resist- 
ed solution until afire I bad left toe BBC By 
and large, though, the. overall scheme 
represents what I wanted, even if some 
cherished ideas and one cherished composer 
have perforce fallen by the way. 

I chose Italian music to flavour the series, 
at the same time be ginning to regret my 
i ; adoption, in 1982, of -“national* themes; the 
Proms should not really need any artificial 
characterization. Opera apart, British pro- 
moters neglect the Italians and Tam glad that 
Maderna, Nemo and Berio are represented 
and overjoyed that Dallapiccola can be heard 
three, times, most notably in his tremendous 
ll prigioniero. Verdi am Puccini ate reason- 
ably provided for,- Rossini hardy so fa', 
projected Betite Messe collapsed). Respighi is • 
revived. Afessandro ■. Scarlatti,- Carissami, 
Monteverdi and the Florentine Intermedii 
lead hack to the sixteenth century. And, 
among others, Wolf Elgar, Stravinksy, Wal- 
ton and Henze speak m Italian accents of 
varying authenticity. : 

But, Of course, the Italian works are a tiny 
part of the whole— !7ont of neatly 180— and 
in feet are fewer than -the French. The. 
German repertoire predominates and, for the 
first time; there is ' more Bruckner than 
Mahler. The Russian ingredients strong mid 
there are four Sibelius symphonies, hot no - 
Jaftfifiek. a feet r much regret. As to British : 
music, 22 composers, 14 of them liyin&are ' 
praentin- 34 works. Who is to jay if mat is 

who would prefer -more Beethovd/ 
ygafschffi stfi fcrer fr om other pressures —to. - 
more British music. 

In the past I have made toe point that the 
Proms could not play a big part in the 
celebration of anniversaries without distort- 
ing their own essential policy. This was 
certainly so in 1985 (Bath, Handel, Scarlatti 
and others) and in 1984 (Elgar, Delias and 

Holst) when other promoters were 
very active. Liszt seemed to me a 

- case and on the hundredth anniversary of his ' 
death, there is what a mischievous colleague 
urged me to bifl as a Lisztorama, while, later 
on, Peter Edtvds (countryman and champion 

. of Liszt) offered his First Symphonic Poem. 

This was a case— all too rare— of a conductor 
. proffering a substantial work well worth 

- reviving and particularly apt 

Programmes are made in many different 
. ways and consultation is essential rrthe needs . 
of the planner are to be reconciled with the 
tastes of the conductor. But consultation 
'sometimes veers towards disputation and no 
doubt, there are conductors who carry the 
scars of flesb-wonnds inflicted by me. I 
certainly carry some such scars myself. 
Sometimes — as with those wholly single- 
minded and very important musicians Gun- 
ter Wand, Claudio Abbado and Simon Rattle 
— discretion has sooner or later seemed the 
better part of valour. Sometimes a particular 
annual struggle goes one way, sometimes the 
other this year that endearing eccentric and 
brilliant trainer, leizy Maksyrniuk, was toe 
^winner. Oliver Knussen did not need to win; 

. he took some ill-digested ideas of mine and 
transformed them into a formal mosaic of 
riftTTiing ingenuity. Similarly, Pierre Boulez 

offered three works so “right* for the Proms 
(and for him) that there was nothing more to 
be said. 

Sometimes it happens the other way round. 
I have a scrap of paper on which — at a dull 
committee meeting when I was near Sir 
Charles Groves — I wrote: “What about 
Wagner Faust Fame Pavane Cbausson 
Poeme with Jessye and Brahms 2? **. He 
handed it hack immediately with the reply 
"TO buy that!". Amelia Freedman and 
Michael Vyner will recall successions of 
meetings at which we would push ideas to and 
fro until —as one supposes Ben Nicholson or- 
ganized his beautiful abstract shapes - a 
coherent and satisfying structure emerged. 

The most severe difficulty tends to arise 
when a particular work, or a programme, 
seems to demand performance. It then has to 
be cast- and a conductor and soloists cajoled 
into undertaking it with sympathy. In my 
experience Boult and Boulez have been toe 
two conductors who least betrayed whether 
their complete professional commitment 
concealed personal enthusiasm — or indiffer- 
ence. In this connection I am grateful to 
David Atherton for responding so warmly to 
the idea of II prigioniero. Similarly, Andrew 
Davis readily accepted works by Stravinsky, 
Dallapiccola, Tippett and Henze; and Rich- 


MAHLER Symphony No 8 (BBCSO/Maazel), July, 18 (first night) 

MONTEVERDI Orfeo (Early Opera Project/Norrington), July 20 
HENZE Symphony No 7 UK premttre (CBSO/Rattle), July 25 
BOULEZ Figures-Doubles-Prismes (BBCSO/Boutez), July 26 
ELGAR Violin Concerto (Haendel/BBCSO/Pritchard), July 30 
HANDELSotomon (English ConC8rt/Pinnock), August 5 . 

M ESSIAEN Turangaffla Symphony (NYO/EkJer), August 6 
BRUCKNER Symphony No 3 (Phflharmonia/Kurt Sanderlfng), August 14 
VERDI Simon Boccanegra (GtyixJeboume Festival Opera/Haitink), August 17 
DALLAPICCOLA 7T prigionjerq'(BBCSO/Athorton), August 18 
BERUOZ Romeo and Juliet <BBCSO/Baudo), August 22 

MOZART Requiem (Monteverdi Choir/Engfish Baroque Sotolsts/Gardiner), August 26 

STRAUSS Bri HefcJenieben (LPO/Haitink), August 29 

M AHLE R Symphony No 9 (Toronto SO/Andrew Davis), September 1 

BARTOK Miraculous Mandarin (LSO/Abbado), September 2 

MAHLER Symphony No 5 (BBCSO/Janowskl), September 7 

BEETHOVEN Symphony No 3 (Bavarian Radio SO/Colfn Davis), September 8 

and Hickox — though we argued about the 
order — welcomed a British programme of 
Delius, Britten, Walton and Nigel Osborne. 
Would that the most eminent international 
figures were so responsive. 

The making of programmes is one thing, 
the choice and engagement of soloists 
another. I have generally tried to put the 
programmes first (and to cast them after- 
wards) but there are great musicians who are 
specially popular at the Proms and whose 
current stock of works — not to mention their 
very limited availability — has often dictated 
part of a programme. Alfred Brendel is a case 
in point: his wish to play toe Brahms D minor 
was irresistible and fortunately his diary 
permitted him to perform it with Abbado. 
Again, that wonderful pianist Alicia de 
Larrocha particularly asked to be allowed to 
play Franck and Falla, and happily she was 
free on the August Bank Holiday. Sometimes 
the concerto arrives backwards, as it were. 
Imogen Cooper - whose Schubert seems to 
me unsurpassed today — wanted to play other 
than Mozart, but her alternatives were either 
bespoke or had too recently or too often been 
beard at toe Proms. So we finally agreed toe 
relatively rare K41 5. 

The choice of soloist m new and unfamiliar 
works is particularly problematic. The great 
international figures are rarely willing to find 
time to learn such music. (A distinguished 
colleague recently said to me “Why engage 
young X when you could engage the great 
V?*. To which the answer is that a the great Y 
would learn, say, the Muldowney Piano 
Concerto I would gladly do so.) This year the 
prodigious Hakan Harden berger gladly took 
on toe then un composed Array of Gordon 
Crosse and Phyllis Bryn-Julson committed 
herself to Oliver Knussen's Omni, a work 
not certainly complete. From earlier periods 
Debussy’s Fantasy and Bartok’s Scherzo were 
offered by Anne Qutffelec and Zoltan Kocsis. 
These were offers to be jumped at 

At toe end of the day there has to be a will- 
ing collaboration between planner, conduc- 
tor, soloists and — bless them — toe audience. 
Isaac Stern, admirably undertaking Maxwell 
Davies's Violin Concerto in Orkney this 
summer, would agree that if nobody does 
come the exercise is pointless. Happily, toe 
Proms audience responds uniquely to the 
challenge of toe unfamiliar. 1 leave toe 
concerts in safe hands. 


Morley College 

prove eventually to be just the 
match their parents wanted. 

Nidsen was obviously more 
concerned with the situation 
comedy than any drama of 

Radio and records have made 
Nielsen's Maskarade (1906) 
less of an unknown opera than 
it once was, bat it has waited 
until now for a stage produc- 
tion in Britain, by toe students 
who form Morley Opera. 
Vilem Tausky was toe experi- 
enced conductor, communi- 
cating much of- the music’s 
vitality and some charm, 
though toe homespun humour 
and folksy melody is carried to 
excessive length in three acts. 

The laler of Nielsen's two 
operas, it has . remained an 
enduring classic in his native 
Denmark, where the 18th- 
century carnival masquerades 
were a social indulgence toat 
crossed class barriers. The 
libretto-, derived from Hei- 
berg's comedy of 1724 pro- 
poses the chance mutual 
attraction at such a gathering 
of Leonora and Leander, who 

character, and tins fast pro- 
duction of Andrew Downie’s 
20 years with the Morley 
Qpera group is entirely char- 
acteristic in making tire most 
of available resources, vocal 
and otherwise. It involves an 
adaptable set design by 
George Soughdes, variably as- 
sorted costumes and dancers 
whose amusingly allusive cho- 
reography is the work of Peter 

Elizabeth Chard and War- 
wick Dyer in the leading roles 
were- supported by a cast of 
principals' and ■ chorus who 
comnumicaled thrir own en- 
joyment of the roles they, 
played. Nielsen makes them 
work pretty hard in musical 
terms, and the vigorous quin- 
tet tost ends toe -first art, as 
well as the passing encounters 
that prerode toe party finale, 
made their effect. 

Noel Goodwin 


Noras/ Johns 

St John’s/Radio 3 

LPO/Tenn stedt 
Festival Hall 

St John’s is land to cellists. As 
soon as they find themselves 
in the church at Smith Square, 
with its pillars, arched lights 
and tiled floor, the shoulders 
relax, tbechest expands and 
the very wood of the cello 
seems to dilate in its warm 
acoustic. Arte Noras, making 
a rare London appearance 
from Helsinki, had it all set 
up. Even toe lengthy refining 
necessitated by Kodaiy’s de- 
mands in his Op S solo Sonata 
was a comparatively pleasur- 
able experience. . 

But this is 'in rid way to 
discount toe di gnified and 

That uniqueimxtnre of urgen- 
cy and opulence which is the 
hallmark of all Klaus Tenn- 
stedt’s interpretations (if such 
many-splendoured objects 
could be reduced to a single 
hallmark) found perhaps its 
ultimate medium in Beet- 
hoven’s Symphony No S. One 
could have predicted so much, 
but not the way in which 
Tennstedt turned the conven- 
tional drama upside-down. 

In the first movement, 
where others underline the 
motto's insistent hammering, 
Tennstedtsought out lyricism: 
the legato scale that rises 
briefly from cellos and violins 
in the development was made 
to cany an expressive weight 
far beyond normaL It was as if 

searching artistry be displayed 

*— tone, yet unto a spectrum *** * oftf* b^^nt 



At The Restaurant, 
we take pride in our 
readiness to adapt- 
Come ot sw-fiflsen- 

Hove, say a ©tass of 
wine anria start* to stay j 
you ttnough ihe-pafla- 

afl the more ertertajnfog. 

comfort 1ft only o nSSajait 

West Ena Dinner or vjppe* < RwftW*. 
w» complete foe ®*rtng- . 

it helps tf you can boat 

ofambres and inflexions most 
subtly selected and blended. 
Nowhere was this aspect of his 
■playing more excitingly put to 
the test than in the long 
opening dramatic recitative. 
Noras's combination of firm, 
fart left-hand vibrato and 
gentle, almost silky bowing 
produces a dense; mobile line 
ideal for delving into the 
expressive richness of a key 
itselt or for tying and untying 
the tiny knots of figuration 
with which Kodaly teases the 
movement to its ending. 

.- Noras, with .an aural imagi- 
nation equal to his technique, 
seemed to be emphasizing that 
this was the piece the cello had 
been waiting forsince Bach. In 
the slow movement his bal- 
ancing act between pizzicato 
and .area underlined, too, the 
music's' own tightrope pro- 
gress between introspection 
and display, qualities with 
which Noras had earlier tus- 
sled m his Beethoven Gminor 

Here, toe almost meditative 
simplicity of concentration he 
brought -to the slow introduc- 
tion had its effect, top, on 
what was to come. The first 
Aikgro grew out of toe same 
mood, arid was stimulated 
into new vigour by Nona's 
deft dialogue with the alert 
‘ playmg of David Johns. 

toe tables were turned. 

that was being crushed. The 
motto-rhythm itself was driv- 
en hard (though it . is not in 
Tennstedt’s nature to insist on 
absolutely precise articula- 
tion); even so, there was space 
enough for an extraordinary 
warmth of orchestral sound to 
be generated. 

This, then, was the opulence 
— where most would have 
been urgent. For Tennstedt, 
however, toe greatest urgency 
comes from the exhilaration 
as he steers the music out of 
the mists of toe scherzo's 
disintegration and into a Maz- 
ingly exultant finale. It was 
here that toe motto-rhythm 

was given particular weight, as 

an ubiquitous and energizing 
counterfoil to toe glorious 
chorales of trombones and 
horns. Those boras had a 
marvellous evening (the solo 
horn and flautist had earlier 
been outstanding in Leonora 
No 3X Their prominence in 
toe Andante seemed slightly 
miscalculated, but in the 
Scherzo an admirably risky 
Sfprzando entry, matched by 
some superbly unified ceUo 
and bass passagework, carried 
the drama to more dangerous 

The other work in this ah- 
Beethoven evening was toe 
Victim Concerto, with Sblomo 
Mintz. If anyone doubted 
Mintz*s technical w iz ar dry, 

the Kreisler cadenza 


Inbuilt ironies 

Soho Poly 

Aysbe Raifs play opens with a 
spot of domestic bother be- 
tween an anxiously protective 
mother and a rebel daughter 
who has just quit the nest and 
moved into a greasy bed-sit 
What gives this some edge is 
toe fact that toe daughter is 
not a teenager but a woman of 
42. There is an inbuilt irony in 
toe sight of Jo snubbing her 
old mum's pleas for peaceful 
domesticity and blazing off 
with demands for a life of her 

The sight of Janette Legge 
delivering these lines, her face 
already set in toe contours of 
middle-aged defeat, automati- 
cally cancels item out. If she 
had been someone who meant 
them, she would have left long 
ago. Miss Raif goes on to 
demonstrate this by means of 
a doable action (well present- 
ed in toe divided set for Sue 
Dunderdale's production), 
contrasting Jo's “free life” 
with her weekend life at home. 
In fact, there is no difference 

As a market researcher, she 
walks into tire parlour of a 
lonely old actress and prompt- 
ly falls into toe clutches of a 
second maternal spider. In no 
time, she is clearing the place 
up and lending an ear to old 


lainecL The question then 
arises of what has made her 
like this in toe first place. At 
which point, alas, toe play 
launches into family history, 
with a longstanding personal- 
ity dash between the cardigan- 
swathed mother and her brisk, 
go-ahead sister (Sheila Bur- 
rell), two of the unlikeliest 
siblings ever to unwind over a 
pot of tea. 

The narrative thereupon 
loses its sense of direction, and 
you can sense Miss Raif toying 
with all kinds of alternative 
development, kick-starting 
toe action back into life but 
never with any security of 
purpose beyond the certainty 
that it will all end in a row 

Sheila Burrell as the 
mother’s go-ahead sister 


Cannes Film 



The 1986 Cannes Festival has 
found a masterwork, and it is 
unlikely that the coming week 
can produce a film to challenge 
Andrei Tarkovsky's The 5se- 
rifkx for the Palme d'Or — 
unpredictable though internar 
tional juries can be. 

When Tarkovsky left the 
USSR in 1984 many felt that 
be would oot be able to work 
outside his own country, hot 
The Sacrifice proves that the 
port carries his own baggage. 
This is his most accessible 
film since Andrei Rublev — 
which is not to say that it is 
open to interpretation In terms 
of conventional narrative or 
direct symbofisoa. The son of a 
poet Tarkovsky uses film like 
a poet, seeking possibilities for 
spiritual rather than inteDec- 
toal commonication. 

Tarkovsky explains his 
theme quite simply: “The 
absence id oar culture of room 
for a spiritual existence. We 
have extended the scope of onr 
material assets and conducted 
materialistic experiments 
without taking into account 
the threat posed by depriving 
man or his spiritual dimen- 
sion . . . I wanted to show that 
a man can renew his ties to life 
by renewing his covenant with 
himself and with the source of 
his sonL” 

Eriand Josepbson, in an 
indisputably great perfor- 
mance, plays Mr Alexander, 
who is celebrating his birthday 
with his wife (Susan Fleet- 
wood), children and friends in 

That night the television set 
crackles out a desperate last 
message from toe Prime Min- 
ister, before afl national ser- 
vices cease. The ultimate 
unclear catastrophe has hap- 
pened. Alexander makes a vow 
to God to sacrifice himself and 
all he holds dear if only the 
world can be restored to what 
it was, just a day ago. 

What follows is an epic 
vision which could come from 
no other imagination, in which 
dreams, nightmares, Christian 
symbolism and sorcery com- 
bine to caiminate in the ex- 
traordinary finale where the 
flames of Alexander's house 
fly np to Heaven in invocation. 

All the familiar Iconography 
Is here — fire, flood, sleeping 

and fainting, with a speechless 
child as the repository of a 

saving innocence and wisdom. 
A final title dedicates the fflm 
to Tarkovsky's own son, “in 
whom I place my faith and 
hope”. This has a special 
poignancy since, at the time 
the film was shot, toe Soviet 
authorities would not allow toe 
boy to join Ids parents in exile. 
Only recently, when Tark- 
ovsky's health became a mat- 
ter of a farm (he was unable to 
attend his prerafere here), has 
toe family been reunited. 

The universal terror also 
odours a very different epic, 
Rand Mollberg's sombre and 
impressive The Unknown Sol- 
dier. Vaino Liana's original 
novel of the Second World 
War is a national monument 
for Finns. When it was filmed 
30 years ago by Edwin Laine it 
was still a reflection on recent 
past events; Mollberg’s film 
a sense of premonition. 
The victims thongb are nn- 
changing: those good-hearted 
youngsters who regard them- 
selves, in bewilderment, as 
they are turned by duty tain 
brutes and killers. 

David Robinson 

where everybody tells every- 
body else the trot 

truth. However, 
this ~is the work of a writer who 
can theatricalize the most 
humdrum exchanges, and 
who has supplied good parts 
played with a great command 
of mischief and emotional 
blackmail by Helena McCar- 
thy and GabrieDe Blunt. 

Irving Wardle 

reminiscences in the role of) 
substitute daughter. 

The scenes setting up Jo's 
double imprisonment are 
bleakly comic and well sus- 

• A picture of the wrong 
Fishing Party appeared with 
Mark Lawson's television arti- 
cle on Monday. The still was 
from Peter Terson’s television 
play and showed Brian Glov- 
er, Douglas Livingstone and 
Ray Mart. Node of them goes 
into the category of “extreme 
right-wing apologists” fea- 
tured in Paul Watson’s docu- 
mentary, also called The 
Fishing Party, discussed by 

and - Noras accompanied 
Johns, either m the Adagio’s 

long, live treading basses, or in should have been convincing 
toe Rondo’s fragments, he enough. But no- one, to my 
l^ayed toe building's aeons- knowledge, does doubt that, u 
tics,, too, at todr own game, is his interpretative maturity 
testing them and catting 'that is .and ton 

through - their cushioning overbearing performance (re- 
warmth. . , „ : ptefe with a saddul of poria- 

. IshaDJIadly near it an over modi that veered between the 
again next SnCday at TLlSam. crude and toe tasteless) hardly 
- J.:--,. 

Action Against Aids 


A Gala Charity Performance Of 


By Walter Reynolds 



Aitken * Atkins * Bates ■ Branagh ■ Curry * Finlay ■ 
Foster - Hawthorne * Hopkins ■ Hurt * Kendal * 

• Langford -Marsh 1 Martin- McCowen*Ogilvy* 
Redman- Ryecart* Sharif..,.. 








13 May-7 June 
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B9C0FHCE status 

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Test case on ■ The 
vaccine may 
be reopened 

By Nicholas Timmins, Soda! Services Correspondent 

The Official Solicitor is to the waste if the case were not 
apply to take over a crucial finally determined- 

test case concerning claims 


* u™. 1 /:... ^ Mr Thomas Watts, solicitor 

The case of Johnnie medical espem giving 

Kinnear who was claimed to e wcnce - 
be a normal child until be was The first. Professor Gordon 

given the triple vaccine, in- Stewart, had been in the 
eluding whooping cough, in witness box for a month. 
February 1971, was aban- Mr Julian Priest. QG for 
dotted last week by his father Mr Kinnear. yesterday op- 
after it became apparent t h a t posed the judge's invitation to 
he had little chance of success the Official Solicitor to take 
and notice was given that legal over the case, arguing that jt 
aid was to be withdrawn. he had no power to do so 

The outcome of the case, unless Mr Kinnear could be 
however, is seen as vitaiW shown to baye acted Lrrespon- 
impo riant for more than 200 sfbly or contrary to his son's 
other alleged victims of the interest- 
vaccine and lawyers estimate . , rvr>J i__ r :- f , u, ^ 

JSL/? coffl^MOOO^ nul> ^ Solicitor w take over ^ 
S £5 S£5 DO n ,vf ^ case wifi be heard on Friday, 
he funds in legal ard and court Mr Kinnear, 

Health Authority. 

In the High Court yester- the other cases, 
day. Mr Justice Stuart-Smifo “It will be better for them to 

invited the Official Solicitor to have a stronger case than mine 
take over the case because of as a test case," be said. 

King steps up pressure 
in US on extradition 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

A refusal by the US Senate 
to ratify the uS-British extra- 
dition treaty would “simply 
not be understood m the UK.” 
according to Mr Tom King, 
the Secretary of State for 
Northern Ireland. 

Mr King said here yesterday 
that this was particularly so 
“given the forward British 
role, shoulder-to-shoulder 
with the United States, in the 
fight to outlaw the interna- 
tional men of violence”. 

He said Britain saw the 
progress of the treaty as the 
logical consequence of the 
Tokyo declarations oi) terror- 
ism and its ratification would 
be the first chance for the two 
countries to ensure that the 
means existed to pursue ter- 
rorists wherever they went He 
said it would afeo be an 

Today’s events' ~ 

Royal engagements 

The Queen gives a reception 
for VCs and GCs. Buckingham 
Palace. 4. 

Queen Elizabeth The Queen 
Mother opens the conference 
centre at the Royal College of 
Physicians, Edinburgh, 2.45. 

Princess Anne. Chancellor, 
the University of London, at- 
tends a presentation ceremony, 
Albert Hall SW7, 2; and later 
attends the Court Ladies' dinner 
of the Fishmongers’ Company, 
Fishmongers' Hal], EC4, 735. 

Princess Margaret presides at 
the annual council meeting of 
the National Society for the 
Prevention of Cruelty to Chil- 
dren. Queen Elizabeth Hall, 
South Bank, SE1. 12.30. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,045 


1 Way a pharmacist emulates 
a butterfly? Just so (6L 

S Coxcomb's invitation to 
bird to pay a visit (8). 

9 A period on deck training 
horses (8). 

10 Harsh environment a set- 
back for a group of drum- 
mers (6). 

11 Illuminated age? Too in- 
distinct at first for the well- 

read (8). 

1 2 Tree identified by scholar, 
ex-pupil and naval rating 

13 Not an ornament, though, 
when it comes to the crunch 

IS A group of servicemen writ- 
ing about French ait (41 

17 Claim to be fit, though in a 
murderous frenzy (4). 

19 Language of a heretic taking 
people m (8). 

20 Boy with foe Spanish com 
m 19 dn (6). 

21 Head of museum symboli- 
cally hands out letters (8). 

22 Rejected smoke after tea. 
say, like Meredith's comedi- 
ans (6). 

23 Pilot's skill at going between 
islands m a river (8). 

24 Volunteers giving the old 
wjBMte a transport sys- 

25 Improves as state backing 
ceases (6). 


? y*y description of an 

3 Offences spelt out in 
spymasters' documents (8J. 

4 Resentment following sec- 

_ ond tax rise in Norway (9). 

5 Student in US jail accepts 
airman as special envoy 

6 Arraign one representative 
per capita (7). 

7 Desert rat held the ring with 
Montgomery initially, show- 
ing lots of bottle (8). 

8 Long endlessly to reserve 
this publication (4-4). 

14 Marine fossil, one m brittle 
round formation (9). 

15 Wait under sea to give sup- 
port (8). 

16 Notedly detached censor 
upholds mourning of show 
( 8 ). 

17 Liqueur is an eye-opener in 
taste, perhaps (8). 

18 To Dido, no resort like 13, 
in a sense (8). 

19 A married woman is conti- 
nent (7). 

Solution to Prate No 17,044 

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I D S ? SIS S is 
® IB E E IT? n 15 ral 
yranasn i=ensscc!is 

isi i?. a is m b I 


iro g e s n 3 n f 
i-ngra ur^rannEnnn 

m t-j i e is " m 

H ra n e h i? is b 


la n P b k g? n p - ! 


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i-* f 

* $ f ' ' 


important sign to the world. 

Mr King yesterday met 
Senator Edward Kennedy, 
Senator Claiborne Pell and 
other Democratic opponents 
of the treaty on the influential 
Senate Foreign Relations 
Committee, which may dis- 
cuss the issue today. 

Prior to the meetings be said 
it would be impertinent to 
dictate to the Senate a timeta- 
ble for the treaty, but he hoped 
to see it passed before the 
current session ends in July. 

On possible amendments 
redefining terrorist categories, 
he said simply: “We regard 
murder as murder”. 

Mr King said he was satis- 
fied the Reagan Administra- 
tion was doing all it could to 
persuade the Senate to ratify 
the treaty. 

Captain Charles Upham (left), Mrs 
Odette Hallowes and Mr Keith Payne 
attending a remembrance and re- 
dedication sendee at St Maitm-in-the- 
Flelds, central London, yesterday for 
Victoria and George Cross medal 
holders. The service was also attended 

by Queen Elizabeth the -Qneen 
Mother, president, of the medal 
holders’ association. 

Captain Upham, aged -78, a retired 
sheep farmer from North Canterbury, 
New Zealand, won two VCs daring the 
last war for his bravery in Greece, 

•Crete and the western desert - 
Hie resistance leader, Mrs 7 Odette 
Hallo wes^MBE, aged 74, was awarded 
the George Cross in 1946 after 
enduring imprisonment and torture 
while facing a death sentence. Mrs 
Hallowes entered the special services 

and landed a frine nr 
as a British * 
rapture d by the 
Mr Keith T 
Army warrant 
Vietnam* Bfeni^.Kjoieftt 

Activists infiltrate Wapping pickets 

Continued from page 1 
which they want replaced by 
militant or ganizati ons based 
on the sbopfloor. 

Since the start of the dispute 
last January between News 
Internationa] and 6,000 print 
workers. 890 pickets have 
been arrested. 

In the same period. 696 
incidents involving vehicles 
owned by the TNT freight 
organization, which distrib- 
utes News International's four 
titles, have been losed. 

The company said yester- 
day that 92 vehicles have had 

their windscreens smashed, 
107 damaged in other ways, 
including two cases of arson. 
16 have been rammed and 
five had their tyres slashed. 

Thirty-five of their drivers 
have been assaulted and 46 
have received threats. 

As activists fish successfully 
in the troubled waters of foe 
Wapping dispute, 29 support 
groups, encouraged by the 
SWP, have burgeoned in the 
London area to raise money 
and mobilize picketing. 

Several are at least partly 
reconstituted from' people 
who ran miners’- support - 

groups during the pit strike. 

Working under the umbrel- 
la of the Union of 

- Printworiters Support Groups, 
the groups have been urged in 
foe SWPs newspaper Socialist 
Worker to recruit the assis- 
tance of those who worked for 
the miners’ support groups. 

Links between the two bit- 
ter disputes have been further 
forged by the so-called Polic- 
ing Research and Monitoring 
Group, successor to the de- 
funct GLC Police Monitoring 
Group. • 

- A central 'figure in this 
group, which is appealing for 

mformation from pickets 
about alleged police miscon- 
duct at Wapping, is Ms C&thie 
Lloyd, who describes herself 
as a researcher fra- the Public 
Order Group in Poland Street, 
London Wl. 

A contributor to the Com- 
munist monthly Marxism To- 
day, in which she is described 
as a Communist Party branch 
secretary, Ms Lloyd is report- 
ed to have collected informa- 
tion during foe pit strike for 
the Greater London Associa- . 
lion of Trades Councils and 
the National Council for Civil - 

Times copies 
taken from 
van in France 


The Duke of Gloucester 
opens a new library and mu- 
seum at Waltham Abbey. 10.45; 
and later opens the Great 
Paihdon Community Centre. 
Harlow, 2.15. 

The Duchess of Kent attends 
the annual meeting of the 
Arthritis and Rheumatism j 
Council, GuiklhalL EC2, 12.45. 

• Princess Alexandra visits 
Whitehaven. Cumbria; she vis- 
•its the Sub- Division Police 
headquarters. 12.40: and opens 
Copland Borough Swimming 
Pool 2.10; later she visits the 
Calvert Trust Adventure Centre 
for . the Disabled, • Little 
Crosthwaiie, Bassenthwaite, 

Prince and Princess Michael 
of Kent visits Brooke Yachts, 
Lowestoft, where the Princess 

launches Virgin ' Atlantic Chal- 
lenger IL 12.15. 

New exhibitions 

Manchester glass-work in the 
19th century; Towneley Hall Art 
Gailenr, Todmorden Rd. Born- 
ley; Mon to Fii 10 to 530, Sun 
12 to 5 (ends June 8). 

Sculpture and drawings by 
Sarah Grimsdale; University 
Art Gallery, Nottingham; Mon 
to Fri 10 to 7, Sat 11 to 5 (ends 
June 14). 

Victorian Tiles: Cheap & 
Beautiful; Municipal and Art 
Gallery, Civic Centre, Mount 
Pleasant, Tonbridge Wells; Mon 
to Fri 10 to 5.30, Sat 930 to 5 
(ends June 14). 

Exhibitions in progress 

Embroidery from the Mid- 
lands; Helios Pictures. 2 Salis- 
bury Rd. Birmingham; Mon to 
Sat 9.45 to 6 (ends June 12). 

Pepsico Tapestries: II tap- 
estries by Frank Stella; Scottish 
National Gallery of Modem 
Art, BeHbrd Rd, Edinburgh: 
Mon to Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 
(ends June 1). 


Recital by the Rasumovsky 
String Quanet; Dorset County 
Museum, Dorchester, 8. 

Piano recital by Michael Rolh 
Great Hall; Great Hall. Baiting 
University, London Rd, 7.30. 

Recital by Janet Hilton (clari- 
net). Robin Ireland (viola) and 
Keith Swallow (piano). 12.45; 
Concert by the Lindsay Stri 

Books — hardback 

The Literary Ector's selection of interesting books pt 
An lrrtw Indue! History of Wartime Japan 1531- 

iubfished this week 
-IMS, by Sbunsike 


- ' Paris— Antmpafnta,sniil 
to be a OHl '.ra crowbars, 
yesterday stopped a van carry- 
ing British- . ne wsp ap er s fat 
di stri b u ti on n Ffcanee, and 
removed 1^50 coact of The _ 

Tma (Susa&n^Dwald Tcteas^of 

writes). Whether 

Thames picked or one of they were s ^fiy t^tjy iafpor- 
ftsree lorries bdongiug ip the tanUobe 

French distributi on firm Non- .... 

idle Messaterie de hftase. ] *s there «^.. ho farther 
Tins is. the first fone. font 
action has been fakefc-to step 
the distrfaotioo of T Britirit 
newspapers hi Ffonoei. . * 


Tsurumi fKPl, £20) 

Hemy Wnee of Wales, and England's Lost Roiaissance, by Roy Strong 
(Thames & hudson. £12-95) 

Home life, by Aflcs Thomas BSs (Duckworth, £8R5) 

Signifyfaq Nothing. Truth’s True Contents in Sh ak esp ea re's Text, by. 
Malcolm Evans (Harvesrer, £2830) 

SOE in Scandbmvia. by Charles Cruckshank (Oxford, £15) 
Sound-Shadows of the New World, by Ved Merita (Colins, £15) 

Sbmtan Law, by 0. M. MacDoweD (Scottish Academic Press, £1230 ) 

The Artist ns Rwocter, by Paul Hogarth (Gorcton Raser, £25) ‘ 
TteCondn Oxford Dtcdooary of En^sh Etymotogy, ectod. by T.F. Hoed 
(Oxford, £1255) 

They Sjavtbe Lkm, Britain's Legacy to the Arabs, by Anthony Persons 
(Cape, £955) PH 

The Halifax House Price Index 

Fressura wilt remam low 
over the British lsles with 
a depressfon to the N of 
Scottand md another 
moriiig across Enrfand 
, and Wales. 

6 am to irodnrg hfr 




1986 Quarter 1 

1985 Apr* 









1986 January 





Avege At 

prtceC cbanga% 


prieaC dm 












37357 • 


















6 3 


35,738 • 












39590 • 



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43,771 , • 


(viola). 7.45; Crucible Studio 
Theatre. Sheffield. 

Organ recital by Ian Tracey; 
Ulster Hall. Bedford St, 

8 . 

Concert by foe Archduke 
Trio; Belvoir Room. Leicester 
University. 1.10. 

Piano recital by Roderick 
Swanston and Janet Ganetty 
Clarke; Weston birt School. 
Tetbnry. Glos. 7.30. 

Blandford Music Week: Con- 
cert by the Bournemouth 
Sinfonietta and Choir; Milton 
Abbey Church, MHtou Abbas, 

Talks and lectures 

Forty Years On: thoughts on 
England and the United States, 
by Prof R B Stevens; Queen 
Elizabeth - Theatre. Oakham 
School, Rutland. 8. 1 5. 

The future of local govern- 
ment, by Prof Michael Gold- 
smith; Chapman Lecture 
Theatre 2, Salford University. 


Births: Thoma s Gains- 
borough, baptized, Sudbury, 
Suffolk/ 1727; Robert Owen, 
pioneer of socialism, Newtown, 
Powys, 1771. 

Deaths: Angast Strindberg, 
dramatist. Stockholm, 1912; 
E d mun d Henry, 1st Viscount 
Allen by eg Merida, field mar- 
shall, South weD, Nottingham- 
shire, 1936: Sir William Dobell, 
painter. 1970. Illustrated Lon-, 
don News first published, 1842. 

Parliament today 

High rides 

Commons (230k Wages Bill- 
progress on remaining stages. 

Lords (230): Debates on 
preventing disability; on agri- 
cultural research' and develop- 
ment; and on Vietnamese 
refugees in Hong Kong. - 

Tower Bridge - 

Tower Bridge will be raised 
today at 2 pm and again at 
6.45pm approximately.. 

Times Portfooo OOM rules « 


I Times Portfolio is free. Pgret 
of. The Times Is nof » condraoB 
taking part. 


London and S o uB i rat RowwiIb m 

Stoaro St I W a W dyf are UWyto 
cane lengthy datays to (Wears travifing 
nolbbaund doag ma A3216 towards the 
juicbcn wWi Basi St Afc Delays on me 
easbound carriageway of Hie Great West 
Rd at the juncaon wtb Transport Am. 

The MUandK MS; Roadworks eon- 
tinw between jmoon 15 (Stoke-on- 
Tmmj am Koeto services. IBs Two brae 
southbound atm ora bra nortfcouodSW 
of B ft ming hg n between fmaora i (A38 
Bemirriam SW and B r om sfliuw ) and S 
(ASS DrotwcM. A4& Roadworks be- 
Man Wenwick bypass and Stratford. 

MM and West M& Crabaflmr 
northbound between junction H 
Traffic Odra* on Eea St, Seifimnsisr, 
Bristol, wl: Outsida and nearside tana 
cfoauras on Rlngwood to Wfmbome road 
at AshMy Heeih roundabouL 

The Norite MS: Various tararestrldian* 
on both camageweya between ^nebone 

aouru. \aue ow Bodge - mniWB 

intei Uiauue): Construcbon of new m ot o r- 
waw Me n progress a waBon Summit; 
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eouWxund ram aoewaw. MS3: Law 
mwani both rr ana soaffibound at 

Scotnm* A7tn (aflnbanM- Snde toe 
traffic, wtti ScWs on tne Edktturgh Rd. 
SnaKon- as; strata in anc «■ Was 
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FT 30 Share 
1342.4 (+H .9) 

1623.3 (+19.5) 

USM (D at as tn eg 
121.13 (+0.52) 


US Dollar 
t. 5370 (-0.0095) 
W German mark 
3^3783 (+0.0162) 

Trade- weighted 
7^1 1+0.1) : 

put new life into dollar 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 


Lloyds bid 
in trouble 

'Lloyds Bank’s offer docu- 
ment for Standard Chartered 
Bank was unveiled yesterday 
to; claims from Standard’s 
adviser* that the £ 1.2 billion 
bid could be a “dead duck* 
because' approval from the 
American Federal Reserve 
Board may not be secured in 
time. Lloyds needs the board’s 
approval. . because of 
Standard’s ownership of- the 
Union Bank fa California. 

According to Goldman 
Sachs, one of Standard's ad- 
visers, the fastest approval in 
the past two years from the 
board for a change of owner- 
ship was 8S days from the 
filing of a submission. The 
average is nearer 130days. 

Lloyds filed its submission 
last week. According to die 
British takeover code, its bid 
must go unconditional no 
more than 60 days from the 
appearance of the 

Sears up 

Pretax profits at Sears fix 
the year to January 31 in- 
creased by 5.7 per cent to £J 85 
million on turnover ip 1Z8 
■ per cent to £23 billion. The 
dividend was raised by 0.4pto 

Tempo page 23 

Capital talks 

Intervision Video, the' dis- 
tributor of prerecorded video 
cassette tapes, is in an ad- 
vanced stage of negotiating a 
capital reconstruction and in- 
jection of further capital. 

Offer possible 

Warehouse Group, the 
women's fashion chain, an- 
nounced that talks woe talcing 
place which could lead to a 
takeover offer for the compa- 
ny. A further announcement 
would be made “as soon as 

Bid lapses 

The bid by Tarmac, the rivO 
engineers, for Thermafite lias 
lapsed Acceptances had been 
received for 488.004 
thermalite shares (6.46 per 

£50m placing 

Portugal yesterday agreed to 
issue £50 million loan slock 
2016 by way of a placing on a 
yield basis in the domestic 
sterling market The issue 
yield will be determined at 
3pm today and will be the sum 
of 140 per cent and the gross 
redemption yield on 1316 per 
cent Treasury stock 2004-08 
at that time. 

Blick issue 

Blick, the Swindon- based 
time control and paging 
equipment supplier, is to seek 
a full listing fix its shares. 
Subject to market conditions, 
about one third of its issued 
ordinary share capital wifi be 
offered For sale towards the 
end of this month. 

USM move 

Clarke Hooper, sales pro- 
motion consultancy based in 
Slough, is to place 2.1 million 
shares - 29.4 per cent of the 
issued share capital — on the 
Unlisted Securities Market at 
I30p per share. The. price 
values the company at £9.3 

- The dollar's slide halted 
yesterday after comments by 
the .United States Treasury 
Secretary, Mr James Baker, 
and -the. chairman of the 
Federal Reserve Board, Mr 
Paul Volcker. Dealers decided 
that statements- by- the two 
men indicated an official US 
view that the dollar's fell had 

gone far enough. . .. 

The dollar was also 
by a 0.5 per cent rise in 
retail sales volume last month, 
after a 0:9 -per cent decline in' 
March. The April fignreswere 
boosted by *a‘ 4J .pier cent 
increase in car sales, die 
biggest monthly rise: since 

Without that retail sales 
would, have- dropped by 0:4 
per cent, the US Department 
of Commerce said. 

Mr Baker,- addressing the 
Joint Senate Finance and 
Banidng Sub-Committee, said 
that exchange rates now better. 
reflected economic fundamen- 
tals, following the yeti's 60 per 

cent appreciation against the 
dollar over the last 12 months. 

Mr .Voteker, after giving 
evidence' to the Senate Bank- 
ing Committee, told reporters: 
he .was unhappy with the law 
level the dollar reached 
against the yen earlier this 

The yen/dollar exchange 
rate briefly dipped beksw 160 
in Far East trading on Mon- 
day. Yesterday, the dollar 
-closed at J6Z90 inJLondon, 
compared with 161.15 on 

The- dollar rose by two 
pfennigs against the mask, to 
DM2.1980 from. DM2.1740, 
while the pound suffered in 
the dollar's general revival, 
losing nearly- a cent to 

Mr Baker re p eated his earli- 
er view that there has been no 
dollar crash landing - “The 
decline has been orderly. 
There has been no freefeB”, he 
said; •*...■ 

And be confirmed that the 

James Baker “thore fans 
■ been no free&lT 

United States had no target for 
the dollar, although he said he 
was “concerned at the unwar- 
ranted interpretation that the 
market sometimes attaches to 
that remark”. 

Dealers interpreted this to 
mean that the US would be' 
■prepared to intervene in the 
market to prevent the dollar 
felling top sharply. 

Mr Baker said that be had 
discussed stabilizing exchange 
rates at present levels with his 
Japanese and German coun- 
terparts during the Tokyo 
economic summit. But be 
refused to elaborate on rtiese 

The comments by Mr Baker 
and Mr Volcker, while con- 
taining little new, succeeded in 
giving the dollar a chance to 
pause for breath. Even before 
the comments some dealers 
had derided that the dollar’s 
fefl bad gone far enough. 
Economic data due in the US 
during the rest of this week 
will determine whether this 
view holds. 

Despite the dollar’s recov- 
ery, the mood of optimism in 
the London money markets 
about an imminent interest 
rate cut persisted. Money 
market rates eased by around 
Vis of a point, with hopes that 
Friday’s inflation figures 
could trigger a base rate cut 
from 1 0.5 to 10 per cent 

Bell lines 
op more 

From Stephen Taylor 

Mr Robert Holmes: & 
Court’s. Befl ^ Resources. Hold- 
ings has secured an additional 
Aus$l-5 billion (£724 million) 
credit to finance his takeover 

Bell was unveiling its latest 
manoeuvre in the long-run- 
ning -battle for control of the 

Robert Holmes SUoHrt 

“good chance of success" 

Australian conglomerate, 
which included raising < its 
offer for BHP. shares from 
Aus$7,70 to Aus$930. 

The additional capital, 
which brings the resources 
available to Bell for the bid to 
Aus$4.I billion, will be pro- 
vided by Standard Chartered 
Bank, tie French bank Soctefe 
Generate and Westpac Bank- 
ing Corporation. .. 

F inancial commentators 
say the feet that Westpac is 
throwing its support behind 
Mr Holmes £ Court indicates 
that it believes he has a good 
chance of success. 

A Bril statement issued in 
Melbourne said the new offer 
was free from the minimum 
acceptance condition of 230 
million shares, and increased 
the maximum acceptance kv- 
d from 259.74 million shares 
to 400 million. 

He said the partial offer 
sought to gain control of BHP 
at a price substantially less 
than the value of the underly- 
ing assets of the company, 
which he claimed wasequiva- 
tent to $9.35 a share. 

There was no immediate 
reaction to the new offer from 
Mr John Elliott’s Elders IXL. 
which last month entered the-) 
fray with a swoop which 
netted around 19 par cent of 

Late yesterday the . Bril 
board was meeting in Mel- 
bourne amid speculation that 
Mr Holmes a Court’s oppo- 
nents might join in an attempt 
to block his bid. 

Stock Exchange and Isro 
work towards merger 

A merger between the Stock 
Exchange and the Internation- 
al Securities Regilalory Orga- 
nization (Isro) looked 
increasingly likely yesterday 
with tile two bodies issuing a 
joint statement confirming 
that “discussions are being 
held which may lead to the 
formation of a single potential 
self-regulating organization”. 

The move comes after 
lengthy discussions by a joint 
Stock Exchange-Isro working 
party set up to examine 
whether they could form a 
recognized investment ex- 
change to regulate dealing in 
international equities under 
the new seifregniatory system 
envisaged by the Financial 
Services Bifl. 

These woe broadened to 

' By Lawrence Lever 

singleSRO thrcmgl^smes of 
informal dinners between Sir 
Nicholas Goodison, chairman 
of the Stock Exchange, and 
representatives from 
Isro, including its chairman, 
Mr lan Steers, of the Canadian 
investment dealers and stock- 
broking firm. Wood Gundy. 

Isro represents some 188 
international financial institu- 
tions foremost in internation- 
al bonds, equity, swaps, 
futures and options markets. 
Some 49 members of the 
Stock Exchange are owned by 
Isro members. - * 

The joint statement issued 
yesterday said that the inten- 
tion was-that the representa- 
tives of an integrated SRO 
“would be representative of 

the combined membership”. 

Mr Steers said yesterda 
that he would be satisfied wit 
an equal number of Isro and 
Stock Exchange representa- 
tives on the new body, which 
would be called not the Stock 
Exchange, but another name 
more representative of the 
territory covered by the com- 
bined body. 

He pul tie chances of a 
merger at “better than even”. 

Both sides yesterday said 
that of the options available 
they favoured a fully integrat- 
ed SRO with several recog- 
nized investment exchanges 
operating beneath it, covering 
different markets. One of 
these, possibly regulating Brit- 
ish equities, would probably 
be called the Stock Exchange 

Hawley makes £148m 
bid for Pritchard 

By Richard Lander 

Hawley Group, the Bermu- 
da-registered cleaning, home 
improvement and security 
company, yesterday launched 
a £148 million takeover bid 
for tie troubled Pritchard 
Services conglomerate, whose 
interests range from cleaning 
the schools of Kent to guard- 
ing American diplomats in 

Within hours of announcing 
tie bid, Hawley’s brokers had 
swooped in the market to pick 
up more than 25 per cent of 
Fntchanfs shares. 

Both companies arc heavily 
involved in providing con- 
tract cleaning services in the 
Britain and the United States 
and. Hawley’s phainnan, Mr 
Michael Ashcroft, said he 
wanted to create an interna- 
tional services group tiaf 

would benefit from economies 
of scalei 

The likelihood of a bid for 
Pritchard increased last week 
when the size of its financial 
woes were revealed in the 
1985 results. 

Pretax profits fell from £15 
million to £10 million and a 
large write-down of assets left 
£9.8 minion of net current 
liabilities on tie balance sheet 
Pritchard also cut its final 
dividend by almost a half and 
was told by its bankers to seek 
their approval for any further 
dividend payments. 

However, the Pritchard 
chairman, Mr Peter Pritchard, 
refected the offer which he 
said did not reflea the group’s 
underlying strength and 

£86m Burmah cash call 

By Carol Ferguson 

Burmah Oil plans to raise value of about £40 million 

£86 million with a one-fa r-five 
r%hts issue. The company wifl 
issue 28.8 million shares at 
310pt, a. 12.7 per cent discount 
to the current price of 354p. 

Burmah intends to use the 
proceeds to invest in capital 
projects and to make 

The board expects at teast to 
maintain the dividend at the 
1985 level of 12.7SpneL 
For three years the group 
has been withdrawing from 
unprofitable activities to con- 
centrate on certain key opera- 
tions,' principally Castrol oil 
oud speciality chemicals. A 
spokesman said yesterday that 
further disposals with a book 

were planned. 

The group’s trading results 
in the first few months of1986 
have been up to expectation. 
Castrol and, to a lesser extent, 
speciality chemicals should 
benefit from the fell in oil 
prices. But after-tax profits 
will be hit by a fell in crude oil 
revenue. Some tax reliefs are 
also nmning out, and this will 
increase tie tax charge. 

In common with the rest of 
the industry, Burmah is reduc- 
ing oil exploration. Expendi- 
ture is to be cm by 50 percent 
in 1986 and staffing levels in 
theexploration and produc- 
tion division will fell by two- 
thiiris. • Terapus, page 23 

has 24% of 

By Alison Eadie 

HiUsdown Holdings yester- 
day announced it had won 
control of 24.7 per cent of 
S&W Berisford’s shares by the 
first closing date. The offer has 
been extended until May 27. 

HiUsdown gained accep- 
tances of 1.2 per cent, which 
was increased by FerruzzTs 
agreed 9 per cent stake and 
14,5 per cent held by 
Kleinwort Benson, the 
company's adviser. 

An agreement with the 
Takeover Panel has provided 
for a further 381,001 shares or 
0.2 per cent being held in 
baulk and not counted until 
the offer goes unconditional. 

The 0.2 per cent represents 
the amount above the 15 per 
cent ceiling that KJeinwort 
inadvertantly exceeded. 

The advice of the Office of 
Fair Trading on Ibeeompeting 
bids for S&W Berisford has 
gone to the Department of 
Trade and Industry and a 
government decision is ex- 
pected in the next few days. 

The' independent directors 
of Berisford repeated then- 
view that Hflisdown’s offer 
was inadequate. 

• Foseco Minsep’s accounts 
for 1985 reveal a £25,000 
payment to a director as 
compensator! for loss of office. 
Shr Richard Dobson retired 
last June. The salary of the 
chairman. Mr David AHerton, 
was Cut to £128,000 from 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Increase in realism 
from Sir Nicholas 

When the Stock Exchange reached 
its historic agreement in July 1 983 
with the Department of Trade and 
Industry, it looked to most insiders 
and outsiders that the exchange had 
made the minimum changes needed 
to protect its monopoly. A few, such 
as the exchange’s chairman. Sir 
Nicholas Goodison, understood that 
more would consequentially follow. It 
is doubtful, however, if anyone re- 
alized just how far and how fast die 
changes would flow. The 
jobber/broker system was an early 




Mw York 


Nfcfcai Dow 1558226 ( 12257 ) 

Sydney. AO 1201.8 (-16-4) 

CcnrroS>anfc — 1581.8 (+18.4) 
ISeS 95 .- 71-99 (-26.81) 

gSJcAc.::: ^ 

aff&wera I — 544.10 < sarT * ) 



£ $1.5370 
£• DM3.3783 
£ SwRZ.8035 

f : fVrlO.7436 
£ Yen25038 

New Yodc 


S: DM2,1980 
$ index: 112-9 

ECU £0-6385*6 
SDR £0787489 


■tss ssKfcs* 

o n*.* new 

National Bus sell-off deals 
‘could start this month 9 

Mr Rodney LmuL the chair- 
man of National Bus Compa- 
ny, will submit to the 
Department, of Transport on 
Friday a privatization Nan 
which, ff successful, mil see 
him ont of a job. 

He was brought iu last 
month to spearhead ooe of the 
Government’s more unusual 
denationalizations after the 

Jbnaec chairman, Mr Robert 
BTObk, took early reti r e ment 
hi disag re ement over Nans to 
dissolve the company inti) 79 
subsidiaries, to be sold off 

That breaknp is now com-, 
plete and dozens of manage- 
ment .teams are preparing 
buyout proposals. Negotia- 
tions are at an advanced stage 
far four of the subsidiaries and 
the sell-offs could start before 
file end of ibis month. 

1 The Government has said it 
wants as many sates as possi- 
hte -before October, when de- 
__ no*$u- 

By Teresa Poole 

The state-owned company, 
winch, is Britain’s biggest bns 
and coach operator, employing 
50,000 people, consists of 52 
bus companies which operate 
—»>« ■ their own local names, 
and- a umber of engineering 
and coaching companies, as 
we& as the National Express, 
National Holidays, National 
Travehvorid businesses and 
the Victoria Couch Station 
management company. 

. As many as 60 manage- 
ments have expressed an inter- 
est and each is efigibte for up 
to £5Q4H)0 assistance from 
National Bus towards the 
costs of potting together* bid. 
ff the boyoot & successful, the 
mosey will be repaid over 
several years. 

Following “for sate” adver- 
tisements earlier this year, 
there has also been consuer- 
able interest .from . oetside 
bidders. - 

T amoag the 


Bankers Trust, the United 
States merchant ba nk , is 
heading a group — iododing 
the First National Bank of 
Boston, Lloyds Bank, Mid- 
land Bank and Hongkong 
Bank — offering complete 
financing through a syndicat- 
ed fimd 

The figme to be raised 
through the sell-off is still 
▼ague. After deregulation, the 
SBbsidiaries operating profit- 
able routes will face much 
greater competition. 

The company has a book 
value of about £150 million, 
but if it were to adopt the 
depreciation policies used 
elsewhere m the industry that 
would drop towards £100 mil- 
lion. In 1984, the company 
made net profits of £22 


At the date of the last 
animal report some of the 
largest subsidiaries, such as 
iHorihen General, had animal 


firms was relatively swiftly conceded. 
Even so, the exchange's council 
thought it had protected the concept 
of a single unfragmented market and 
would keep a good deal of control 
over who could join the club and how 
they would behave. 

Yesterday’s widely expected 
announcement that the Stock Ex- 
change Council and organizers of the 

embryo International Securities Regu- 
latory Organization (Isro) are talking 
seriously about merging into a single 
new self-regulating organization, un- 
der the provisions of the Financial 
Services Bill, shows just how for 
things have gone. 

As late as last October Sir Nicholas, 
hoped all business in UK securities 
would be in the Stock Exchange. And 
the council still hoped to absorb 
regulation of the international firms 
who dealt in Eurobonds and a whole 
range of international securities out- 
side the exchange. Within a fortnight, 
the formation of Isro by the outsiders 
had forced the exchange to come to 
terms, for it seemed that instead of the 
exchange members flowering into 
new fields, the international outsiders 
could grab their markets. It acknowl- 
edged that there might have to a 
separate exchange for international 
securities and swept away the hefty 
proposed entry fees for new member 

Merrill Lynch and Nomura Securi- 
ties are now in the Stock Exchange, 
blit the juggernaut of change goes on. 
f the talks are successful, there would 
a full merger of the traditional (and 
highly successful) activities of the 
Stock Exchange in regulating its own 
members with the as yet unformu- 
lated supervisory ambitions of Isro. 
And Ian Steers of Isro will be asking 
for 50/50 representation on the new 

The Stock Exchange will still exist 
separately as a recognized investment 
exchange under the Bill, organizing 
listings, conduct and settlement of 
business, but unless Sir Nicholas does 
some stupendous negotiating, it will 
be one of several exchanges in which 
members of the new SRO will do 
business. A merger would have 
advantages in cutting down the num- 
ber of SRO’s, leading to greater 
uniformity . 

According to Mr Steers, one of the 
other advantages — not necessarily for 

investors — will be that unity will give 
the new body more clout. He cites the 
successful campaign for SROs to have 
legal immunity. There is an irony 
there. Isro threatened to abort itself if 
immunity was not given. If the Stock 
Exchange, which has operated so long 
without such privileges, had poured 
cold water on that, it might have 
ditched its rivaL The forces of the 
international invasion were by then, 
however, probably too great to resist 
for long. 

Goodwill is real 

Company accounts are so much bunk. 
That at any rate, would seem to be the 
implication of Hawley’s bid for 
Pritchard Services. In accounting 
theory. Pritchard has negative net 
worth, but Hawley clearly does not go 
along with this assessment Its bid, 
launched yesterday, values Pritchard 
at £148 million. 

So who has the right of the 
argument? The maiket at the end of 
the day, which means Hawley. Pritch- 
ard is firmly on Hawley’s side of this 
argument though the two companies 
do not see eye to eye on much else. 
Yesterday Pritchard, advised by Mor- 
gan Grenfell, rejected the oner as 
being too low. How can that quest for 
a higher valuation be reconciled with 
accountancy practice? 

The particular area of concern for 
Pritchard is the recent accounting 
standard on goodwill. Pritchard’s last 
year end was on December 29, 1985. 
Had it been three days later, Pritchard 
would have had to comply with this 
standard last year. As it was, it wrote 
off £24.55 million goodwill and has to 
decide what to do with the remaining 
£65.3 million before the end of this 
year. Writing it off would eliminate 
shareholders' funds. The accountancy 
standard implies that this goodwill 
has no value or at least that its value 
declines over time. Mr Ashcroft 
proved this to be untrue yesterday. 

Goodwill is not Pritchard’s only 
problem. The preliminary statement 
also showed net current liabilities, 
which means that Pritchard would not 
be able to pay all its bills (including 
overdrafts) were they to come in at the 
same time. That, however, has less to 
do with accountants than with 
Pritchard's recent run of trading 
problems and the collapse of ICC Oil 
Services, a 46 per cent owned 

If the accountancy profession is to 
become truly market oriented, then it 
will have to set realistic accounting 
standards. Mr Ashcroft may not have 
needed a set of report and accounts to 
put a value on Pritchard, as he already 
operates in a similar business so be 
knows what they are worth, but 
private shareholders depend on pub- 
lished information. Those who have 
hung on to their shares have reason to 
thank Mr Ashcroft. 

Lloyds Bank Pic 

Documents relating to the above 
offer were posted yesterday in London 
to shareholders of Standard Chartered. 

Any shareholder who has not 
received the documents within the 
next few days may obtain copies 
from Lloyds Merchant Bank Limited, 
Corporate Finance Division, 40/66 
Queen Victoria Street, London EC4P 
4EL or The Secretary, Lloyds Bank 
Pic, 71 Lombard Street, London 
























(frfjb&z. IJiSki 



purse for takeovers 

Institutional buying lifts shares 

Bormah Oil isgrang 

IfiD-iMayl 1985*100 

The Qty was a much happi- 354p and BP eased 7p to 573p 
er place yesterday asinstito- in sympathy, 
tional investors decided jhe Elsewhere, builders, stares 
tune' was right fin- buying and foods all made good 
again . after staying on the progress, while breweries were 
sidelines fofso long. particularly strong ahead of 

Encouraged ' by the the, re porting season, which 
BOff nmai r'« profit-sharing begins with ‘Grand Metro poli- 

ce bulging, and not only with 
the £86 million proceeds of i< 
yesterday's rights issue. It has 
-£7S million of cash in-hand, 1 
and a strong balance sheeaL v - 
. Mt also has the rump of its 
mvesunent and distribution „ 
divisions to sell, with a book 1- 
vaJue of about £40 million 
ami with every chance of n 
pocketing a fair amount of 
the proceeds this year. 

, As life chart shows, the H 
timing of the issue could not 
be more opportune. While . 

there may still be some l»d 

premium in the present price, — 
the shares appear -to be »«_ 
dista n cin g themselves from -wS 
the purer oil production 

cSiy 12 per cent of 
Bonnes 1985 pretax profit 
came worn o£L,- a proportion Zi~ T 
which will undoubtedly &H 
this year, while Castro! and i~ 
Speciality Chemicals (ac- Zjj 
counting fbr 66 per cent and 8 SET 




Government's profit-sharing begins with Orand Metzopob- 
pfem, hints of lower interest tflawnow. Bass at 782p 
rates by Mr James Baker, the and Whitbread su 285p, due 
US Treasury Sectary and at on Wednesday of next week, 
least three new takeover situa- advanced _ by 24p and 15p 
tions, prices pushed ahead reflectively, 
over a broad iron t Stores were helped by satis- 

The FT 30-share index rose ,^ t< ?2L pr S? tS , Seat t„A 
by 11.9 points to 1342.4 10 *i 8%p “ 

Shite the FTSE 100 climbed rctail 

by 19.5 points to 1,6233. sates 1881 L 0 *** mort ; 

■Jobbe?^ by surprise at 

J«i Jd Auq ‘ Sap 1 Oct ‘ Nov* Doc' Jan Feb* Mar* Apr 1 

gags and the prospect of 
increased public spending lift- 
ed construction snares, where 
Tarmac at 460p and Costun at 

per cent respectively) will 
benefit from lower oil prices. 

The temptation to take 
advantage of its strong share 
price to raise enough money 
to enable the group to move 
itself even farther away from 
the beleaguered oil sector 
proved loo strong to resist. - 

The market would have 
preferred to see a specific 
acquisition earmarked for the 
money, especially as the com- 
petition for tiie sort of sped- 

band RandalT have opened 
300 stores selling “cookies’* 
throughout the United States - 
.and overseas. 

Backed by sophisticated 
management systems, they 
plan to open 100 more stores 
tins year, including four in 
Londbm The company is 
now raising money to pay for 
this expansion. Borrowings 
stand -at .$362 * million 
(£3636) but, after the flota- 
tion, which will raiie $24 
mfllion new money after the 
company’s share of expenses 
and the transfer of some debt 
to MF Holdings, a private 
company controlled by 
Debbi and Randolph Fields, 
borrowingswifl foil to just $7 

Why is Mrs- Fields being 
floated on the London mar- 
ket rather than in New York? 

alirv phominlt iGuaurauuuiuinewiDK' 

“x™* y°»^ Seg> .- 

tions with several in the range ..Having chosen London, 
up to £25 million. the company was restneted to 

The rights issue also gives fe Unlisted Sororities Mar- 
the flexibility to strike quick- ketbecause Debbi ami Rare- 
ly if a company which is not 

overvalued anwars to be for - ^ ***** M Below 80 per 

dutch of potential acqmsi- 
lions, and is deep in negotia- 
tions with several in the range 
up to £25 million. 

The rights issue also gives 
the flexibility to strike quick- 
ly if a company which is not 
overvalued appears to be for 

Burmah is seen as being in 
the final stages of a long 
process of recovery and ratio- 
nalization, bat of having 
insufficient internal growth 
potential Castnri and oil 
production are relatively ma- 
ture, while tiie Speciality 
Chemicals division is too 
small. If it does not succeed 
now, it will not be for want of 

Mrs Fields 

Mis Fields Inc has brought 
a gust of fresh American ajrto 
London. The company, now 
being valued at £210 nnllkm, . 
owes its origins to a young 

their stake 
With on 
public ham 

• With only 20 per cent in 
public hands, Mrs Reids can 
use the lax losses arising is 
MF Holdings, owned directly . 
and indirectly by Debbi and 
Randolph and, their charita- 
ble trusts. ' * 

-Profits have grown qmddy 
and are forecast to rise front 
$6.76 Hriffion before tax in 
1985 to not less than $183 
miHion this year. Allowing 
for the benefit .of . lower 
interest charges, that reflects 
a trading improvement of 71 
percent. ;t - 
Against tint background 

is making the offer for sate 
alongside J Henry. Schroder 
Wpgg, the issue is a first 
Goldman Sachs has not been 
involved in bringing compa- 
nies to the London market 
before. . • 

Mrs Fields should have 
given the American bank a 
' taste for London listings. 

Sears . 

Seais, the footwear anti-gen- 
eral retailer,- .tinned in - dull 
results for tireyear to January 
3L. Indeed,' had rt hbi been 
for' a contribution of £9.6 
mflhon from Foster Brothers, 
th e j n en*s dotiung retafler 

As it was/the pretax figure 
was up 5.7 per cent from 
£175.2 mfllion to £1853 mil- 
lion- Net interest costs , rose 
from £2.6 million- to' £8.6 
million as Sears iqeid 
Fosters’s£40 million of 

* X W^^exception of foot- 
wear, afl parts of the business 
had- a record .year.' Sears 
bfaunes iast summer’s dismal 
weather for the 14 per cent 
fell iri profits from the shoe 
outlets, which include DoJtis, 
Saxone and Freeman, Hardy 


White fbotwear is the main 
profit earner.coatrib u ting 41 
per cent of profit, stores, 
which include Setfridges and 
Wallis, earned 34 per qent of 
profit Excludingtbe Easters 
acquirition, /stores 'profits 
rose 14 per cent 
The 860 Wflliam Hill out- 
lets should gain from the 
relaxation rtf regulations al- ' 
lowing television and soft 
drinks into the shops, white 
the acquisition of 360 betting 
shops m Belgium should add 

tiie sudden change of mood, 
wot caught short of stock in 
some quarters, leading to TaTOCat460 P 
many- doable-figure rises. 

Leaders to dsnb between lOp 
and 27p . included British 
Telecom at 240p;~ Glaxo 980p, EQUITIES • 
Hawker 583p -and Royal In- ~*~ 
sacaaoe 957p. / jftfflasp) 

Against' the trend, BOC n 

Group droppedby r0pto322p SI^Mraep) 
on iurtber consideration of Davies dy (is « 
Monday’s figures. An £86 
million rights issue from gom&E TroPpcIs 
Burmah .03 took the recent Granyta Surface (51 
shine oiit .of ofl :shares. SKIBfi® 1 ® 
■Bvmah dosed 20p lower at E5* tSS fiosoi 

Slop, both improved by 14p. 

English China Clays 
climbed 8p to 355p in antici- 
pation of good profits tomor- 
row. Of the latest bids. 
Pritchard Services stood out 
with a 33p gain to 1 18p on the' 
unwelcome terms from 
Hawley Group, which was 3p 
easier at 128p. 

Hoggett Bowers returned 
from suspension at I I7p, up 
9p, on tiie well -sign posted 
offer from Blue Arrow, which 
fell by 18p to 363p. DF Sevan, 
suspended on Monday at 38p, 
came back at49p on the terms 
from Wheway Watson, while 
Warehouse Group was 
marked up £2.50 to £12.50 on 
news of a possible approach. 
Finally, BHP jumped 23p to 


Grartswick M J95p) 
Davies DY nS5p) 
Debtor (130p) 

Green <EJ (I20p> 

194 +1 
138 +3 
121 +3 

Jury* Hotel (1l5pJ 
Lee Ml (180p> 
Lexicon (115P) 
Lodge Care (70p) 
Mustsrtin (I05p) 
Really Useful (MQp 
Splash Precis (72p) 

Templeton (215 

Tech Protect (14 
lip Top. Dreg (1 
Underwoods (18 
Usher (Frank) (1 

96 -8 







129 +1 

376p in response to increased 
te rms fr om Bed Resources. 

British Aerospace recov- 
ered I8p to 563p after the 
annual meeting. Takeover 
favourites to attract support 
included RHP at I90p, 
Redfero 330p,Desootter3l5p. 
Noble ami Lund I28p. FS 
Ratdiffe 200p and Foseco 
288p, all between 7p and 18p 

Etectricals were supported 
by the fevouraUe circular 
from Green well. STC im- 
proved by 6p to 1 28p and BSR 
put on 8p to 138p on the 
possible flotation of the 
Bui pin subsidiary. Bumper 
profits boosted Dataaerv 
to 190p. WSL HoMings 
gained 9p to 190p (after 195p) 

WeHcome (120p) 

IMckes (140W 

Astrtey tod N/P 
F&C Euro NP 
Greycoat N/P 
Hastnr N/P 
Low a Bonar N/P 
Presdom Em N/P 
Ratners NJP 

sSwf S N/P 
Sale TAney N/P 

(Issue price in brockets). 

ahead of a company 

In firm foods. United Bis- 
cuits at 24 5 p, RHM 202p, 
Iceland Frozen 527p and 
Fresh bake 90p, were fa- 
voured. up b£6p to 23p. In 
thin trading. Body Shop was 
called 45p higher at 625p. 
Dixons at 342p and Wool- 
worth, 805p, chmbed by 16p 
and 20p, awaiting takeover 
developments, l»n Stylo fell 
by 1 4p to 226p after losses. 

Reebok’s growth prospects 
continued to excite the parent 
company. P ortl a nd at 735p, 
np 65p. AB Ports at 580p and 
Emopean Fanes, 142p, re- 
covered by 12p and 6p. 

Trafalgar House advanced 
by I4p to 3I2p on further 
reaction to recent results and 
the acquisition of John 

Com me rcial Union at 329p 
and General Accident, 859p, 
hardened 9p each on hopes of 
modest first-quarter profits 
today against losses for the 
same period last year. 

Good profits helped Ches- 
terfield Properties to a I5p 
rise to 430p. Cable and Wire- 
less gained 22p to 667p in 
response to a broker’s recom- 

Shop sales up 2% 
in spring spree 

By David Smith, Economics Correspondent 

the sprang surge in retail 
sales was greaterthan original- 
ly estimated, according to 
official figures released 

Final retail sales volume in 
March was 22 per cent np on 
February; and well above 
previous hjghi 
The strong March' rise, the 
announcement 'of which- has 
come as a surprise to many 
retailers, reflects sales delayed 

ruary weather, as well as the 
unusual . event of a March 
Easier. The last time that 
Easter occurred in March was 

197*- • 

Bofo factors boosted sales in 
March, aocordmg4o officials, 
and neither; win ■ have been 
fiafly picked up by seasonal 
adjustment factors. 

The index of sales volume 
In .March was 119.8 

sum credit advanced dropped 
from £950 million in Febniary 
to £770 million in March. ' 

Running account credit in- 
creased from £186 million in 
February to £27 3 million in 
March, white that advanced 
on hank credit cards rose from 
£790 million to £839 million. 

The total credit pntstanding 
at the end of March was 
£21,734 million, £170 million 
upon February. 

Retail sales volume in 
March was up in most spend- 
ing categories, according to 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry figures. 

Sales, of clothing and foot- 
wear rose by 9 per cent, those 
of household goods My 3.1 per 
cent and those of other non- 
food goods by 2.9 per cent. 

Food retailers missed out 

previous record of 1 17 J- volume dipping by 0.1 per 

girl’s weakness fbr chocolate prospective earnings multiple 
“cookies”/ a type of melt-in- is 18.7. If not for adverse ;, 
the-mouth biscuit beloved of sentiment; against American 
most Americans. Mrs Fields companies floating in Lon- 
was aped 20 when she opened don H would presumably' prospective 
her first shop in 1977, and have been higher, 
since then site and her bus- For Goldman Sachs, which 

the offer forsalc price of 140p .£3 million to profit initially, 
a share looks modest. The . * 1 For the year to January 
prospective earnings multiple 1987,tbepotq>Keroected to 
is 18.7. If not for adverse . make between £210 milHon 
sentiment; against American and£215 million pretax. This 
companies noating m Lon- would . pat the shares "cm a 

have been hi^ier. 

For Goldman Sachs, which 


not a demanding rating for 
the retail sector. . . 

test August. 

-- Deq^e the strength of retail 
sates, there , was a fell in the 
amount of new cnxfit ad- 
vanced in March. It toadied 
£2*210 million, compared 
with £2318 million in Febru- 
ary and. £2,739 rn^ion. in. 

ftrt of .the fell was because 
of tiie ending of special low- 
cost credit schemes from the 
motor mannfecturenr — fixed ' 

page 25 

Profits up 
at Smith 
& Nephew 

By Clare Dobie 

First quarter profits at 
Smith & Nephew Associated, 
the medical ami healthcare 
prod nets company, rose from 
£13.6 nuUhffl to £16^ million 
before tax. 

The textile and personal 
hygiene businesses did well, 
healthcare was op to expecta- 
tions and the toiletries side 
was down. The only rail 
disappointment was the plas- 
tics nod tape bosiness, hot that 
should benefit from the decline 
ra the dollar. 

Affiliated Hospital Prod- 
ucts, acquired early last year, 
is benefiting from strong de- 
mand for surgical and exami- 
nation gloves, boosted by the 
Aids scare. 

Trnnoicr rose from £99.9 
mflfion to £104 mflliM at the 
three montin to March 22, but 
it would have been £12.4 
million Uglier if not fe ex- 
change rate movements. Cur- 
rencies knocked profits by 
£800,000 m reducing the ster- 
ling profit of overseas 

DTI gets tough on 
unfair imports 

Government action against 
the illegal dumping of over- 
seas goods in Britain and other 
unfair trade practices is to be 
stepped up, Mr Alan Clark, 
Minister for Trade, an- 
nounced yesterday. 

In response to an increase in 
the number of complaints 
from British imhistrialistsand 
trade associations about im- 
ports into this country, the 
Department of Trade and 
Industry has set up an unfair 
trade unit which will co- 
ordinate work against aQ 
forms of unfair trade. 

In particular, it will help 
companies to prepare specific 

By Teresa PtoJe 

cases for consideration by the 
European Commission which 
has responsibility for enforc- 
ing the European Economic 
Community's legislation. 

About 50 cases anting in 
member countries are pursued 
each year and at the moment 
there are actions against Japan 
on photocopiers and domestic 
freezers, against China on 
paintbrushes, and against Tur- 
key, Romania. Mexico and 
Israel over acrylic fibres. 

Mr Clark was prompted to 
expand the work already done 
by the anti-dumping unit by 
appeals for help from all 
sectors of industry. 

BAe orders ‘buoyant 9 

The British Aerospace 
chairman. Sir Austin Pearce, 
said at yesterday's annual 
meeting that orders were 
building up for the company 
tn addition to a £5 billion 
aircraft order from Saudi 

Meanwhile, the BICC chair- 

man, Sir William Barlow, told 
shareholders that Balfour 
Beatty has had a good intake 
of orders, particularly in Brit- 
ain, and BICC Technologies 
was continuing its improve- 
ment, but there were delays 
and hesitation in the energy 

>od progress 



^ ICL benefited from the strategies implemented in preceding 
years -and has continued its leadership in promoting Open 
Systems standards for information systems. 

^ New products, many arising from collaborations, came on 
stream- Increased volumes were handled by new distribution 

^ The effects of staff and management training programmes 
were reflected in our ability to manage the business in 
turbulent market conditions. 










Profit before Tax 



Return on Capital employed 



. Turnover per employee (£) 




4|E-z i"' 

_m 5 f V 


All the experts and all the convent! 
we couldn't build a strong brand in a 


0 ■ » 

So we did. 


Tt doesn’t matter what it 
says on the label as long as 
the price is right’. That’s the 
classic consumer response to 
commodity products. 

Unfortunately it 
was the consumers’ 
attitude to (and the 
main problem with) 

the ‘dilutables’ sec- 

tion of the soft dr ink market — \ 
the products popularly known \ 
as ‘squashes! \ 

In the fiercely competi- l 
tive grocery market, branded l 


products were under intense 3 


pressure from own-label. It \ 
was obvious only the strong- \ 
est brands would survive. £ 


That was hardly a de- a 
scription fitting Kia-Ora. \ 
Trailing in third place, it had I 
a very long history, stretch- § 
ing back to its launch in 1903 1 
by an Australian. (He gave it l 
the name which means ‘good g 
health’ in Maori, but why is a 1 
very long story indeed.) g 

The trouble was, market ^ 
forces were conspiring to I 
make sure it had very little | 
future. Until Schweppes i 
made it the subject of an | 
exemplary piece of brand * 

management: * 



More of a melee § 
than a market. > 

Over 40% of take home soft I 
drinks are ‘dilutable’ but half of | 
this sector was in the hands of | 
own-label. Kia-Ora was third of % 
the three important brands in \ 
the market place so was in * 
grave danger of being crushed 

| competition) and an anvil (own 
| label). Many companies would 
X have thrown in the tower and let 
! the Brand atrophy. 


\ But not Schweppes. 

| It wouldn’t be easy. It would 

| require a great deal of risk, 

3 investment and manage- 

| ment skill. But it could be done, 

» •• • 


| Too big to ignore. 

1 Schweppes’ verdict on the 

1 ‘dilutables’ sector was that 


\ it was too big to ignore. 

I Schweppes couldn’t achieve 

| their objective of being the 

i total soft drinks company with- 

R out a substantial presence in 

I the sector. 


5 It’s also the point of entry 
\ into the market for many young 
| consumers, who drink around 
s two thirds of all ‘dilutables! 

| We created a cult! | A triumphant' return. I 

| And so it was. § The dilutables market has f 

I . The first commercial fea- i grown by 9%sinee the Kia-Ora 3 

1 tured a cartoon character called- | re-launch and Kia-Ora has ? 

\ The Kia-Ora Kid and his dog 2 grown by 59%. It’s now the num- $ 

= Fedora. He would only ’ share 1 ber two brand in the market as * 

| Kia-Ora with his dog, while a | well as having become' the main ¥ 

| number of other characters, ; contender in the standard* 1 

| desperate for a sip tried to get | orange sector during 1985, j 

| themselves in on the act. | which is important because * ! 

| Hence the cry, ‘I’ll be f orange accounts for nearly 60% 1 

i your dawgl} which, within a 3 of all dilutables sold. I 

i few weeks of the launch, 1 Schweppes have reinforced I 

\ was echoing across school \ success with the introduction of 1 

1 playgrounds throughout the I tetra packs, a low sugar variant 

| country. | and several new flavours. | 

3 That was just the begin- § As Derek Williams, the Man- 1 

?: ning. Amongst other promo- ^ aging Krector of Schweppes. | 

| tions, the characters featured 
1 on watches, pencil cases and 

Limited says:- ‘We feel very | 
proud of achieving something | 

Kia-Ora’s attacjc on the 
market started with a complete 
reappraisal of the entire sector, 
aided by considerable consumer 
research. From this a strategy 
emerged to significantly repo- 
sition the Brand. 

The product was confirmed 
as highly acceptable to the dis- 
criminating 5-15 year old palate. 
The next and most obvious move 
was to abandon the small glass 
bottles and introduce plastic 
bottles in four sizes up to 3 litres. 

A massive £6 million was 
invested in a brand new ‘state of 
the art’ manufacturing plant at 
Aylesbury. An aggressive pric- 
ing strategy was agreed and the 
product was ready for re- 

I’ll be yeur dawg! 

At this point, Schweppes 
called in the BMP advertising 
agency. Together, they de- 
veloped a strategy involving an 
equal appeal to both mothers 
and children. 

Chief Executive Chris 
Powell recalls — The Schweppes 
people had certainly done their 
homework and they gave us an 
excellent brief which enabled us 
to create something more than 

\ stationery kits. A highly sue- f : /that : many/niarketing' men .will 1 
I cessful Kia-Ora club was fonned § tell you is impossible, I 

z and it has already attracted I We-ve taken a stagnating I ^ • 

. ~ brand inaecanmodity | 
'market dominated I 

by own-label, and pro- i 

fitably revitalised it. £ 

. ' • | ! 

The brand is going | 
from strength to J 
| 30,000 members, f strength and is tangible proof | 

I And on top of that, an -g of what can be achieved by | 
s adventure holiday company 1 single-minded management’. 3^ 

| have even named their most § I 

3 popular holiday the Kia-Ora £ ^ n * | 

| Kids Multi-Activity Adventure. * uClIWOppCS g 

| So, for thirsty eight year ” management | '' 

1 olds, the Brand is everywhere, 1 proven in the market place I 


c .... S 


K - - - : ■ J 

between a hamrner (the branded j an advertising campaign. 


•©KLOjES ^ i. 



® 5 

* ■ 

>. . 


itt *i* 

acquire large 
American business 



By Cliff P eltham 

rrA^^owrdea! in the 

hi n i!i ed -i^ lale ^ ,s lined up 
by Mr Tony Berry, head oflbe 
BJue Arrow employment 
agency group, after yesterday’s 
agreed £16.2 million acquisi- 
tion of the executive nscruh- 

£were speciaiist Hogget t 

Mr Berry said: “There is a 
huge market in the United 
Slates which we intend to 
break into in a big way. We are 
looking at acquiring a business 
with a turnover of around £50. 
million or more.” 

. The flurry of takeover activ- 
ity since Blue Arrow came to 
the Unlisted Securities Market 
two years ago valued at £3 
million has now turned it into 
a £100 million group. 

Hoggett Bowers bandies the 
recruitment of top-level ap- 
pointments and has benefited 

Tony Berry; __ ^ t 

Mtel'for expansion in' 

from the keen demand preced- 
ing the big bang in the City. 

The company is expected to 
make not less than £1.1 m3- the current year. ■ 

Blue Arrow is offering one 

of its own shares, 21p down in 
the market yesterday at 360p, 
for three' Hogget! Bower 
shares, valuing them at I20p. 
, There is a cash alternative 
worth l!4pd share. 

- Blue Arrow is the largest 
employment services group in 
Britain, operating in 150 loca- 
tions under the names Brook 
Street, Blue Arrow and Reli- 
ance. If also has contract 
cleaning and various business 
travel services. 

Mr Berry said that Bine 
Arrow will be moving to a full 
H sting bn the stock market 
next month. 

. “Buying an executive agen- 
cy like Hoggett Bowers was 

vital ID OUT plans to expanding 

in the United States,” he said. 

“We now see ourselves 
developing into a widely 
spread services company and 
intend to look, at areas such as 
market research and catering. 

Shops dispute estimates 
of strong retail sales 

By Derek Harris, Industrial Editor 

Retailers, which have been seasonal adjustment has been 

seeing normal seasonal selling 
patterns upset by the long 
winter and late spring are 
puzzled by the Government 
estimates which show a strong 
retail sales in March. 

Reports to the Retail Con- 
sortium, the trade body which 
speaks for most retailers, have 
indicated good, but not spec- 
tacular sales during March 
and into April. The spring lift- 
off in do it yourself sales 
usually seen in March did not 
happen, according to the Con- 
sortium. Nor was there the 
usual surge in sales of fashion 
clothing. The blame was 
squarely on the weather. 

Underlining the point are 
reports since that both DIY 
and fashion, with gardening 

quite precise, particularly as it 
was the first time for some 
years that the whole of the 
Easter break fell in March. But 
equally retailers may be re- 
strained in their judgement of 
sales because their expecta- 
tions have been high, the 
Consortium added. 

The effects of the Budget 
and declining mortgage rates 
might also have unleashed 
spending on more expensive 
items for the home such as 
electrical appliances, furniture 
and Improvements, the Con- 
sortium suggested. That could 
have offset the indifferent 
showing in. sales of fashion 
items. DIY and gardening 

The Consortium is still 

goods, h3ve shown big sales -looking to retail sales to 
surges over the past fortnight increase by 3 per cent d 

as the weather has shown 
some improvement. 

Final figures from the De- 
partment of Trade and indus- 
try yesterday put the 
seasonally adjusted' volume 
index of retail sales for March 
at 119.8, a 2.2 per cent 
increase on the February total 
and 5.8 per cent up on March 
Iasi year. In the first quarter 
the level of sales was 1 per cent 
higher than in the previous 
three months and 4 per cent 
up on last year’s first quarter. 

The Consortium said: “The 
March figures are rather sur- 
prising because they do not 
equate with the general mood 
among retailers reporting to 
us.” The difference could be 
accounted for by a number of 
factors, the Consortium 

It questions whether the 

i mnp 

this year, compared with 
1 985. but points out that if the 
trend is as charted by the 
Government figures it is pos- 
sible that the annual increase 
could prove icr be 4 per cent or 

Bouyant sales of domestic 
electrical appliances in March 
were reported by Rumbelows 
with its 400 outlets selling a 
wide range of electrical and 
electronic goods. Sales were 
up in value about 15percexrt, 
a trend which continued in 
April, said Mr lan Gray, the 
chain's managing director. 

He added: “There has been 
growth especially in audio 
goods, compact disc players 
and microwave ovens.” 

Mr Geoffrey Maitland 
Smith, chairman and chief 
executive of Sears, parent of 
Selfridges, the Lewis’s provin- 

cial department stores and 
Britain's biggest chai n of foot- 
wear outlets, sakt “Sales were 
not all that exciting until but 
when the weather changed for 
the better a fortnight ago the 
whole picture has changed. 
Sales increases have been 

At the 21 department stores 
of the John Lewis Partnership, 
which had been seeing some 
mixed trading results during 
the earlier part of April, sales 
in the week ended May 3 rose 
on annual comparison. 112 
per cent in value. 

In the 14 weeks to May 3 
sales were overall up 11.3 per 
cent against an expectation for 
the half year of a 10.4 percent 

Gardening goods sales final- 
ly took off with buyers report- 
ing sales up by a third 
compared with the same peri- 
od last year. Fashion items 
were four of John Lewis's 10 
best selling ranges, with some 
fashion goods, showing in-, 
creases of nearly 50 per cem. 

■ - Other trade reports indicate 
an upturn in clothing and 
footwear sales as consumers 
prepare themselves for forth- 
coming foreign holidays. 

A big surge in DIY rales and 
m gardening departments was 
reported by B & Q, Britain's 
biggest DIY chain which is 
part of Woolworths. At 78 of. 
the stores which open on: 
Sundays the last three Sun- 
days have seen sales at then- 
best yet, said B & Q which 
reported sales throughout the 
chain op on gng na| compari- 
son by 15 per cent in real 
terms excluding the effects of 

Fed’s significant new faces | £2.2 million Edington 

White House acts 
to contain 
Volcker’s power 

The Reagan Administration 
has announced two key ap- 
pointments to the Federal 
Reserve Board which are de- 
signed to check the power of 
the chairman, Mr Paul 
Voider, and broaden the in- 
ternational expertise of the 
central bank, officials said 

But they said the proposed 
elevations - of Mr Manuel 
Johnson to vice-chairman and 
Mr Heinz Robert Heller to a 
forthcoming vacancy on the 
board did not constitute the 
revolt against Mr Volcker’s 
firm rule which had been 
predicted in recent months. 

Mr Heller, a .senior vice- 
president and international 
economist for the Bank of 
America, is closer to the 
supply-tide school of economic 
thought than the monetarist 
school, but he is not consid- 
ered a hard-liner. He enjoys 
.broad support among econo- 
mists spanning the ideological 
spectrum because of his 
knowledge of international 
economic issues. 

The fact that Mr Johnson 
was nominated to fill the 
nuexpired term of Mr Preston 
Martin, the present vice-chair- 
man, over other top candi- 
says much about the 
pivotal role he is expected to 
play as number two 
It was Mr Johnson, former 
assistant Treasury Secretary 
for economic policy, who re- 
jected the appointment of Mr 
Heller over Mr William Gib- 
son, the former front-runner, 
who had declined to accept the 
job anless be was named vice- 
chairman. Mr Gibson, chief 
economist for the 
RepuMichank Corpo rat ion of 
Dallas, was approached about 
the ioh. but was not offered the 
rice-chairmanship, officials 

Paul Volcker: checked 
but still in charge 

Indeed, the White House 
has rejected aD attempts by 
seated governors and potential 
nominees to force it to make 
promises which would raider- 
unne Mr Vokker's authority 
as chairman, a position he 
holds until August next year. 

Mr Martin resigned abrupt- 
ly last month after successful- 
ly leading a revolt against Mr 
Volcker, but losing a bid for a 
promise from the White 
House that he would subse- 
quently be named chairman 
when the job opens next 
sum mer. 

As vice-chairman Mr Mar- 
tin attempted to forge the new 
Reagan-appointed majority on 
the board into a coalition that 
would force Mr Volcker to 
accept easier monetary poli- 
cies to fuel the US economy. 

Mr Johnson is expected to 
play a more conciliatory role 
as vice-chairman. Although be 
joined in the highly-publicized 
four-three vote against Mr 
Volcker on February 24 to 
lower the US discount rate, he 
helped to arrange a conse- 
quent compromise.' This al- 
lowed Mr Volcker to save face 
by publicly suppo r t i ng the rate 

shares for market 

A blow was struck for the 
junior financial services 
league yesterday with the pub- 
lic launch of Edington. a 
banking and financial services 
institution aiming to serve 
medium-size private compa- 
nies. primarily in the North of 

About £2.2 million shares in 
Edington are being offered 
through the leading regional 
broker. Henry Cooke 
Lumsden (HCL). at £3 each, 
with a minimum subscription 
level of 1.5 million shares 
(£4.5million). About 85 per 
cent of the offer, which is not 
underwritten, is already spo- 
ken for by a cluster of 

These include HCL. which 
will lake a minimum 20 per 
cent slake in Edington. in 
return for 20 per cent of the 
equity in HCL This is valued 
at £1.35 million, putting a 
notional paper value of £6.75 
million on HCL 

Others taking a stake in 
Edington are two New York 
banks - Bessemer Trust Co 
and ELM Securities — and two 
, as >et unnamed, leading 
British insurance companies. 

By Lawrence Lever 

Edington intends to be a 
one-stop financial services 
group providing commercial 
banking, corporate finance, 
insurance broking and invest- 
ment management services. It 
will provide loans itself of up 
to £500.000 and syndicate 
those above that figure. The 
minimum loan will be 

“The growth of financial 
conglomerates aimed at the 
institutions and multination- 
als in anticipation of big bang 
has diminished the availabil- 
ity of lop quality services 
tailored to substantial private 
diem business, Mr Angus 
Scrimgeour, chief executive of 
Edington, said yesterday. 

“Kington hi been created 
to fill this gap, and we believe 
we shall be the only full 
service financial institution in 
the north of England primarily 
dedicated to this market.” 

Mr Scrimgeour, who was 
formerly responsible for 
Citibank's north of England 
corporate business, believes 
that many successful private 
companies do not receive 
proper service from the big 
players in the commercial 

banking and corporate Finance 
field- In addition to servidng 
the companies, he hopes to 
manage the personal financial 
affairs of the proprietors. 

Two directors of HCL. in- 
cluding Mr David Adams, 
HCL's managing director, will 
be non-executive directors of 
Edington. and the business 
will operate from premises 
adjacent to HCL’s head office 
in Ring Street, Manchester. 

Mr Adams says that HCL’s 
independent staius has won it 
a large amount of non-institu- 
lional business away from 
brokers taken over by other 
institutions. HCL also hopes 
to continue operating on an 
agency basis. Edington shares 
will not be quoted on the stock 
market, although Mr 
Scrimgeour says that it is 
intended to apply for a full 
listing within ■ five years. 

Edington is projecting pre- 
tax profits of £1 70.000 in its 
first year, rising to £780,000 
and £1.1 million in the next 
two years. Some directors 
have unconditional options to 
subscribe for shares at their £1 
par value rather than the £3 
offer price. 

Wholesale leader launched 

The mortgage market 
gained another new entrant 
yesterday with the launch by 
Kleinwort Benson, the City 
merchant bank, of the Mort- 
gage Funding Corporation, a 
wholesale lender of mortgage 
finance to lending institutions. 

MFC will not provide retail 
joans. but will focus on lend- 
ing to institutions which want 
to provide mortgages to the 
public. The ultimate lender, or 
originator of the mortgage, 
will simply provide adminis- 
trative services, acting as the 

agent for MFCin collecting 
cut' which be later announced | repayments. 

By Our City Staff 

Mr Roger Boden, a director 
of KJeinwort. said yesterday 
that the role of MFC was “to 
fund mortgage loans at low 
cost without recourse to the 
originator of the mortgage , 
whilst leaving the originator 
its day-to-day relationship 
with its clients”. 

This would enable mortgage 
market lenders, which will pay 
MFC an annual fee ofO.I per 
cent of the outstanding loan, 
“to concentrate on writing and 
servicing loans without fund- 
ing or capital constraints.” 

Mr Boden added: “In effect. 
MFC will be a funding co- 

operative with the board made 
up of representatives of a 
cross-section of the institu- 
tions supplying the 
mortgages.” It will have a 
nominal capital which will be 
held in trust largely for the 
benefit of the lenders to MFC. 

The new company antici- 
pates that a target of loans of 
more than £200 million is a 
possibility by the end of the 
year. It has signed contracts to 
provide loans to KJeinwort 
and Allied Dunbar, and it is 
negotiating with Chemical 
Bank and Bank of Boston. 

All MFC loans are to he 
fuilv insured against default 

Woolwich takes over society 



The marriage plans of the 
Woolwich Equitable Building 
Society, which pulled out of a 
£15 billion merger with the 
Nationwide last November, 
took off again yesterday with 
the announcementof a merger 
with the Property Owners 
Building Society. 

Yesterday’s merger, howev- 
er. is far less a marriage of 
equals than -a takeover of the 
Property Owners which has 
assets of £300 million and 
operates from a single branch 

By Oht CHy Staff 

in Cavendish Place, ' in the 
West End of London. The 
Woolwich has assets of £7.3 
billion and more than 400 

Mr Donald Kirkham, chief 
.executive of the Woolwich, 
said yesterday the linking of 
the two societies “gives mem- 
bers of the Property Owners 
access toa national network of 
branches offering a wide vari- 
ety of competitive financial 
services and products". 

The Property Owners’ 
chairman, the Earl of 
KinnouL said the changes in 
the budding society industry, 
coopted with the new legisla- 
tion for societies, had forced a 
reappraisal of strategy. 

He adde d that, although the 
society was not relinquishing 
its independence lightly, a 
merger with the Woolwich 
would provide the maximum 
benefits to members and staff 
of the society. 

Highams steps up Canal holding 

By Judith Handey, Commercial Property Correspondent - 

Highamshas increased its 
holding in the Manchester 
Ship Canal Company, far 
which it made a cash bid on. 
Monday.' . . 

The bid was triggered by 
Higham's buying further pref- 
erence shares giving it 31 per 
cent of the company’s voting 
rights. .It now has /1.62 per 
cent of the preference shares 
and 30.55 per cent ot the 
ordinary shares. The offer 

price is 625p cash per ordinary 
dime and 300£p per prefer- 
ence share. 

The board of Manchester 
Ship has rejected Higham’s 
offer and is Idling its share- 
holders not to accept iL 

Manchester Ship Canal last 
valued its property portfolio 
at£30,8 million, but the plum, 
from Higham’s point of view, 
is the 300-acre Barton site four 
miles from Manchester’s city 


centre, which could be profit- 
ably developed for ret ailin g if 
' the planners agree. 

Highamsis the private com- 
pany of Mr John Whittaker, 
who foiled to get himself and 
.the managing director of 
-Highams on to the board of 
the Ship Canal Company at 
' the annual meeting in Febru- 
ary. His opponents included 
directors from Manchester 
.City Council. 

Stmafo. a subsidiary, has ac- 
quired Paul a ptcklss 

producer, for £2 17.0UP. sansfied 
fc»v 14.I7Q new Hazlewood or- 
dinary shares and £Iu3.Cri5 

board has agreed, conditional 



AE!4 - — 

Adam A Gompaiy 

BCC1 ■ ... - - - 

CiMianfc SavmosT — - 
Coflfohdaied Cate ... — 

Cofltmewai Tnisl — - 

Co-opErat"* Sank—- — 
C #wn? & Ca u. — r 
Hkv; Kwig & aftanF"- 

LUMfc Bank — - 

tel Wesimtngp: . 
ktxA Ba* a? Scaltenc. 










inter alia on theapproval of the. 
company's shareholders and 
w a rr a nt holders, to acquire- Her- 
itable Investment Management, 
a subsidiary of Worms & Co, 
for 1.450,000 new ordinary and'. 
550.000 convertible preference 
shares convertible into a maxi- 
' mum of 550,000 new ordinary. 

In accordance with the infoima-. 
lion in the GJynwed offer docu- 
ment the. .'directors of 
Brickhouse have declared a 
second interim dividend of 
2.65p net in lieu of a final. 

•-STYLO: Results for year to 

February L Dividend 4.5p 
(same). Frants in £000. Turn- 
over 49.576 (58.752 kpretax loss 
25^ (X350 profit*, tax 154(514), . 
extraordinary credit 1,660 (100-^ 
charge),, after tqx and.exuanr-; 
dinary items!, 247profit tL736L 
Loss per share -2£)5p (8^6p’ ; 
earnings). '. . 

ERTIES: Results for 19®; 

Oiiu4 » "4: . 7 fa iUff . toWiw' ' 

income 7,492 (6,442), tax* 2J23 
(2,704). Earni ngs per share 
25.83p (18.83). The group’s 
investment properties have 
been independently revalued at 
.open market value at 

Company has acquired the 
wholesale grocery and cash-and- 
carry business of A H Craddock, 
of. Brownhills,' near' Bir- 
mingham. The cash consid- 
eration of about £400,000 does 
Pot include any payment for 
goodwill. Company has been 
granted a 12-year lease of 
Craddock’s warehouse premises 
at Brownhills: The acquisition 
will enable Snowden & Bridge to 
service the Midlands ca te ring 

• DATASERV: Results for 

1985. Final 1.65 cents (1-15),. 
making £25. cents (1-75). fig-’ 
pres fit $000. Gross revenue- 
138.981 (101,047 

icdassifiedkearuiiiB before tax 
6.012 . (3.449), taxes. i5Q7j 

- More company 

— ’ . ■ — 

1 /aterford Glass Group pic 
\ JL j are delighted to announce 
▼ ▼ record . pre-tax profits of 
IR£182 million in 1985 - an increase of 
27% from IR£14.6 million in 1984. Once 
again this is largely due to the continuing 
success of Waterford Crystal and 
Aynsley China. 

Net borrowings were further reduced 
by 52% to IR£22m compared with 
IR£45m in 1984 and, with the debt/ 
equity ratio falling from 47% to 27%, we 
also have a considerably strengthened 
balance sheet This has been helped by 
another sound trading performance. 
Farther reductions in crystal inventories 
and the proceeds from the sale ofour 60% 
interest in Switzer Group. 

The 1985 accounts indude IRfSJm 
extraordinary items mainly arising from 
our determined efforts to rationalise the 
Smith Group’s operations. 

A final dividend of L4p net per share, 
together with an interim dividend ofLOp 
represents an increase of 20% over 1984. 
W fr t erfbitl Crystal 

With the United States still the 
dominant market, and sales reaching 
record levels in both Ireland and the UK, 
Whterfonj Crystal profits rose from 
ER£H6m to IR£14.7m in 1985. 

During 1986 our position will be 
further strengthened by important new 
developments - the completion of a new 
crystal and china gallery at Waterford 




















E 3 





r \ 
\ 2 








costing over IRJElm, and increased 
Waterford crystal production. This will 
not only enable us to satisfy tourist 
demand as well as our existing customers, 
but also attack new markets. 

Aynsley China 

Since Waterford took over Aynsley 
in 1970, profits have multiplied by 
almost 30 times to reach a new record 
in 1985. The successful introduction of , 
new Aynsley designs in the US will 
continue, as will the shop-in-shop 
concept for crystal and china being 
extended throughout selected stores in 
the UK. 

Switzer Group 

Results incorporate IR£L7m pre-tax 
profit achieved in 1985. Waterford’s 
60% share of Switzer's after-tax profits 
was IR£0.4m. At 31st December 1985 
Waterford disposed of its interests in 
this department store group to the 
House of Fraser who will remain major 
customers of Waterford Crystal and 
Aynsley China. 

Smith Group 

A further loss of IR£L6m was 
recorded by this group in 1985. A 

John Hinde 

Pre-tax printing profits remained __ 

IR£500,000 which is unchanged from |||gjl?5^jB 





Jonas Woodhead & Sons; 
Mr Derek Norton has become 
group managing director and 
chief executive. 

Booth bourne Properties: 
Mr Paul J Pozzom has been 
made managing director. 

Newmarket Venture Capi- 
tal: Dr Caroline Vaughan, Mr 
Urn Lowden and Mr Tom 
Shaw have been named as 

Gibbs Hanley Coopen Mr 
Peter Abbs, Mr Richard 
Sheehan, Mr John Evans, Mr 
Aran Hough and Mr Michael 
Warner have been made 

China Coast Technology! 
Investment: Mr Odin Kidd 
has become managing 

Grundy Catering: Mr Rich- 
ard Elms joins the board as 
technical director and Mr 
Michael Gates joins the com- 
pany as manufacturing 
director. . 

IGG Communications: Mr 
Humphrey Metzgen has been 
named as manag in g director 
of the company and as a 
director of the group's holding 
company. International Gem- 
ma Group. 

Rutter Services Group: Mr 
Stuart Rotter has become 
manag ing director. 

Trevor Bass Associates: Mr 
Patrick Lay has joined the 

Oslo government admits it 
‘misled’ on devaluation 

From Toay Samstag, Oslo 

Norway’s new Labour gov- “It did not have the effect 
ament was reluctant to de- that it was meant to have , a 

eminent was reluctant to de- 
value its currency and even 
before taking office was issu- 
ing misleading statements in 
the hope of avoiding such a 
move, officials have admitted. 
■ The krone was devalued by 
12 per cent on Monday, three 
days after the new Prime 
Minister, Mrs Gro Harlem 
Brundtland, took over from 
her Conservative predecessor, 
Mr Kaare WiDoch. 

In announcing the decision, 
Mrs Brundtland blamed the 
price of oil, which has fallen 
this year from more than $30 a 
barrel to about $14, for forcing 
her to take the action, saying 
she “really had no other 
choice” and the economy was 
“out of control”. 

But as recently as May 3, 
Mrs Brundtland, commenting 
on speculation on the Norwe- 
gian krone on international 
currency markets, said her 
government had no intention 
of devaluing. 

That statement, the Prime 
Minister's office confirmed 
yesterday, had been, less a 
matter of policy than an 
attempt to cool down the 

spokesman said. “The specu- 
■ Ialion continued and in- 
creased.” He a dded that Mr 
WiUoch had been consulted 
before Mrs Brundtland made 
her remarics. 

This rather disingenuous 
start to Mrs Bninotiand's 
brave new administration — 
immediately notable for her 
ap po intment of seven women 
to a cabinet of 17, probably a 
world record — reflects the 
potential unpopularity of the 

With food and consumer 
durables already among the 
most expensive in the world, 
the prospect of a stabilized 
krone in the currency market 
and more competitive exports 
in return for still higher prices 
at home is hardly calculated to 
infuse the average housewife 
with the joys of a Nordic 

Much Norwegian food is 
imported, if only from its 
Scandinavian trading part- 
ners, and subsidies on domes* 
tic products have already 
come under fire from all sides 
of the political spectrum. Cars 
are only the most coveted of 
many consumer goods thal are 

MrsBmndffaiKfc “economy 

was oat of control” 
not manufactured in Norway 

-But the new government 
has resolved to show no mercy 
to those who will suffer from 
its austerity measures, and has 
so far received as much praise 
for its boldness as oppro b rium 
for its severity. 

Mrs Brundtland has 
stressed from the beginning 
that taxes on higher incomes 
will be one of her priorities. . 

“Those who have earned 
most from Norway's wealth 
will have to bear the heaviest 
burden”, she promises. The 
appeal to deep-rooted Scandi- 
navian principles of equality 

This advertisement <s t 

1 in com*» n o e waiBiereci M rePiei<aot the Council ornwS>odrExdMnoe.Bdo8» not eaatMe Bn fcwaatoDto 
ta puttie to utaenbe (or or pvcftsM any stares. 


(incorporated in UwFMeralRqiuUcolQenTany"^lrnttedMiSy3 

Share Capital 

1 22.000 shares of DM 1 ,000 each 

266.000 shares of EM 100 each 
2,686,01 1 shares of DM 50 each 

Issuedand fuly paid 





fhe Sobering Group is a worldwide chemicals and pharmaceuticals concern vwtti an active com mi tment to research. With its headquarters in 
Berfn and Befgkamen fti foe Federal Repubfc of Germany, the Group comprises 1 28 domestic and foreign companies. It has five operating 
divisions: Pharmaceuticals (42 per cent of coosoSdated sates in 1 885), A^ochemicals (28 per cent), hdustriaJ ChemicaJs {17 per cent). 
Electroplating [7 per cent) and Fine Chemicals (6 per cent). 

The Council of The Stock Exchange has granted penrasskei for the whole of the issued stare capita of Sctarino AJcftengeseSschaftto be admitted to the Officta 
list- 592.465 new share of DM 50each. gsued on 20 June 1965 on certificate now 2JB7.774 to 3.420258. are entitled to racefre half of any dwdendjnid wifi 

Sennas Umted. Copies of the listing partisutasma 
and including 30 May 1986 from: 

S. G. Warburg & Co. Ltd. 
33 King W*am Street 
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London EC2V4RJ 

Morgan Stanley International 
P.O.Box 132 
Commercial IMon BuikJng 
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London EC3P3HB 

Rowe & Pitman Ltd. 
1 Finsbury Avenue 
London EC4A4DA 

Company Announcements Office 
The Stock Exchange 
Throgmorton Street 
London EC2P 2BT 
(until 16 May 1986 only) 

14 May 1986 

PS 301 S 10.000 
RB 302 10,000 

RB 748 3.000 

RB 911 100,000 

RB 912 100.000 

RB 913 SI 00.000 

RB 9U. 94.000 

RB 9S9. 4.000 

RB 968 13,000 

RB 972 1.000 

RB 973. . S 5.000 
RV 81... 2000 

RV 129.. 1.000 

RX 83. . 10.000 

RX 95 ... . 6.000 

RX 102.... SI .000 
RX 224 ... 2.000 

, — j ~ ~ w uc icuoa m ui win uecumeiuju 

be due and payable m United States dollars on June 2. 1986, at the office of Dillon, Read & Co. Ine^ 19 Rector 
r 3 ^ 1 ^ *22^ j* one hundred per cent (100%) of the principal amount thereof with interest 

accrued thereon to the redemption date. Coupon Bonds should be presented for redemption together with all 

redemption date. If moneys for the redemption of all the Bonds 
r t" ““ C fi e 1 partial redemption the portion to be redemned) are available at the office of 
if ‘2 e ; redemption date, interest thereon will cease to accrue from and after such date. 

Debenture, upon presenlationof such Debenture on or after 
price in respertof the principal 
^ a new ^nturefor the princ^amrcimren^ will 


^Principal Paying Agent 

among men in general, and 
among wage earners in partic- 
ular, calculated but it 
is no less effective for that 

The government estimates 
that the price of imported 
goods will rise three per cent 
this year - causing an extra 
one per cent rise in the cost of 
living index — and five per 
cent next year. 

Some critics, most predict- 
ably the former Prime Minis- 
ter, are fair from convinced 
that the inflationary effect 
might not be much greater. 

Pay negotiations are con- 
tinuing in the public sector, 
and trade union leaders are 
said to be incensed, in a year 
that has already seen some of 
the worst industrial conflict in 
Norway’sfiistoiv, that the new 
government refuse, to build 
the effects of devaluation into 
its bargaining position. 

Even the Federation ofNor- 
wegian Industries has ex- 
pressed surprise that the 
devaluation was announced 
before negotiations had 

These are questions of tim- 
ing, however. . Few disagree 
with tire assessment of Mr 
Hermod Skanland, head of the 
Central Bank, that “in. our- 
position any country would 
have used inis instrument”. 

pension scheme was contrary to 
artide 119 of the EEC Treaty 
where such a measure affected 
disproportionately more 
women than men unless that 
measure was a ttri b u t a ble to 
objectively ~ Justified factors 
which were ' not related to any 
discrimination based bn sex. 

The appdfem, Bilka, which 
belonged to a group of depart- 
ment stores cstaMifoeri in Ger- 
many and' which employed 
several thousand persons, op- 
erated. a Jong-established, 
supplementary occupational 
pension scheme for its. 
employces. • 

Thai scheme, which had been 
amended on several occasions, 
was regarded as forming an 
integral part of the contracts of 
employment of Bilka's 

Part-time employees were 
only admitted to that scheme if 
they bad worked full time for at 
least 15 years out ofa total of 20 

Mrs Weber had worked for 
Bilka as a safes assistant from 
1961 to 1976. After hating 
worked full time she chose to 
work part time from October 
1972 until the termination of 
her employment. Since die had 
not completed the nrimmum of 
15 years of full-timework Bfika 
refused to giant ho- an occupa- 
tional pension. . 

Before the German labour 
courts she challenged the legal- 
ity of that refusal claiming, inter 
alia, that the occupational pen- 
sion scheme infringed the prin- 

deckfed to refer certain ques- 
tions to the Court of Justice of 
the Euro pean Communities for 
a preliminary ruling. 

In its jodgmemthc Eur op ea n 
Court of Justice held: 

As a prcfiminaiy matter foe. 
United Kingdom had aigued 
that the conditions under which 
an employer admitted "icr 
employees to an occu p a ti onal 
pension s ch eme did not faE 
within the scope of article -1 19 of 
the Treaty. 

dpJe of equal pay for men and 
women as laid down in artide 
1 19 of the EEC Treaty. 

9k aigued that foe require- 
ment of a minimum period of 
full-time work placed female 
employees at a disadvantage 
since, m order to be aUe to qare 

Defrenne v Belgium (f 19811 
BCR 445) the Court had held 
that the concept, of pay as 
defined in artide 1 19 did not 
indude social se c urit y schemes 
or benefits directly governed by 
kfi station wit hout a ny dement 
of agreement within the under- 
taking concerned. 

Although the occupational 
pension issue in the 
German proceedings, had been 
adopted, pursua nt to foe Ger- 
man legislation governing such 
schemes, it was based upon an 
ag ree m ent be twe en Bilka and its 
employees whose effect was to 
complement the social security 
bene fi t s gra n ted ^by nati onal few. 

to . statutory; origin ^SP^the 
scheme was confirmed by foe 
fact that that scheme and the 
rules refaring thereto were- re- 
garded as an integral part of the 
contracts of employment be- 
tween Bilka and its employees. • 

In those dremnstancesit was 
to be concluded that foe occupa- 
tional pension sc heme at issue 
in the mam proceedings did not' 
constitute a social security 
scheme directly governed tty 
legislation whim was therefo re 
outside the scope of artide 119. 
It followed that the case referred 
by foe Bundesarheilsgeracht did t 
fell within foe scope of artide 
1 19. 

woifeed, than that paid to pan- 
time workere. 

In those c ir c um stances foe 
conclusions readied by foe 
Court in its ju dg m e nt in Cast 
96/80, Jenkins v Kingsgate Ltd 
([1981] ECR 911} were equally 
applicable in Ok context of foe 
instant case: 

It followed that i f ft were 
shown that a considerably 
smaller percentage of female 
than ofmafe workers carried out 
full-time work, the exclusion of 
foe part-time workers from foe 
occupational pension scheme 
would be contrary to artide 119 

the difficulties faced by women 
who wished to work full time, 
such a measure was not justifi- 
able by factors other than 
dfacrinrination base d on sex. ' 

In its second question the 
national court sought to estab- 
lish whether the reasons given 
by Bilka to explain its pay policy 
might be regarded as “economic 
grounds which may ’be object 
lively justified” pursuant to the 
Jenkins judgment 
- ; It was for the national court, 
which alone was- competent to 
assess the. facts of the case, to 
determine whether aid to what 
extent foe reasons given by an 
employer to explain the adop- 
tion of a nay practice which was 
app&abfe irrespective of foe sex 
m the workers, but which m fact 
affected women more than men,' 
ought be regarded as economic 
grounds which were objectively 

If the national court found 
that foe methods adopted by 
Bilka corresponded ton genuine 
requirement of the undertaking, ' 
that they were appro p riate for 
obtaining foe objective which it 
was pursuing aim that they were 
necessary tor that purpose, the 
fact that foe measures in ques- 
tion. affected a much greater 

of cxnpkiymait were dealt with 
in general terms by other pro- 
visions of Community law, in 
particular vtides 1 1/ and 118 
of foe Treaty. 

The imposi tion of a require- 
ment such as that mentioned, by 
the German court exceeded foe 
scope of artide 1 19 and had no 
other basis in Community law 
as ft stood at present 

On those grounds, foe Euro- 
pean Court tided: 

1 Article 1 19 of foe EEC Treaty 
was infringed by a department 
store which excluded part-time 
employees from its occupational 
pension scheme where that mea- 
sure affected a much greater 
number of women than men, 
unless tire undertaking estab- 
lished that the measure was 
attributable to factors which g 
were objectively justified and 
were in no way related to soy 
discrimination based on sex. 

2 Pursuant to artide 119. a 
department store might justify 
foe adoption of a pay policy 
which i ncluded the exclusion of 
part-time- workers from ad 
occupational pension scheme, 
irrespective of their sex, by 
establishing that it sought to 
employ as few such workers as 
possible, where it was estab- 
lished that the means selected to 
attain that objective corre- 
sponded to the genuine need of 
the undertaking, were appro- 
priate to .obtain that objective 
and were ne cessary to that end. 

3 Artide 1 19 did. not have foe 
effect' of requiring an employer 
to organize foe occupational 
pension scheme which he pro- 
vided for his employees in such W 
a way as to take mto consid- 
eration foe particular difikmlties 

encountered by employees with 
family responsi bilines in fulfill- 
ing the conditions of entitle- 
ment to such a pension. 

Law Report May 14 1 986 

Imposed short-time salary unlawful 

MiBer v Ha m w o r thy Engi- 
neering Ltd 

Before Lord Justice Fox and Mr 
Justice Ewbank 
[Judgment gryen May 9] . 
An employer who introduced 
short-time working and there- 
after paid redneed remuneration 
to an employee on an annual 
salary acted unlawfully. . 

■ The employee had not agreed 
to the snort-time woric, was 
willing and able to fulfill his 
contractual obligations and was 
entitled to receive his contrac- 
tual pay in full. 

Tbe Court of Appeal so held 

in allowing an appeal by tbe 
plaintiff Mr Beveney MiUer. 

plaintiff Mr Beverley MSfer. 
from a decision of Judge Best in 
Poole County Court. The em- 
ployer, Hamworthy Engineering 
Ltd, was ordered to pay to foe' 
plaintiff £650 in respect of past 

Mr Jeremy McMullen for foe 
.plaintiff: Mr Roy Lemon for tbe 

that die plaintiff was initially 
employed by the defendants asa 
manual worker. In 1973 he was 
promoted to a foreman, and 
therea fte r was paid ah annual 
salary on a monthly basis. 

In 1980 problems arose in foe 
defendants’ affairs because of a 
decline in available work; the 
pfeinriff agreed to a reduction of 

three-day wade. The govern- 
ment subsidy was no longer 
available aim foe plaintiff's 
union, foe Association ofSaen- 
tific. Technical and Managerial 
Staffs, did not give their agree- 
ment to that reduced wanting 

The phtintiff claimed £650 
from the Hffrwtoni^ bong the 
net loss to him from having his 
pay reduced during foe period of 
his short-time working that was 
not agreed to by him or by his 

A contract of employment 
existed between foe plaintiff and 
the defendants he received an 
annu al salary that was paid on a, 
monthly baas. During the rele- 
vant period he was at all times 
willing -and able to attend his 
work place and to perform his 
duties under his contract. 

The defendants were usable 
to provide work and in. con- 
sequence sought to reduce his 
salary. To do that they. had to 

It stated that “adjustments for 
overtime, lost time , or other 
alterations are made at the end 
of the month following such 
overtime or short time”. 

Thus there .was an express 
reference to short-time working. 
But foal refe r ence in that con- 
text did not give the defendants 
authority to reflate, to pay an 
employee who. was willing and 
abfcto work siinply because 
they could not provide work for 
him: • 

' -The reference to'&oci time 
was concerned with short-time 
working by agreement: either 
between foe parties themselves 
or contracted for on an 
employee's behalf by bis union. 

It was ggmg too far to read 
that provision as conferring 
carte blanche on foe defendants 

a right to alter the amount of 
salary that it bad contracted to 
pay loan employee. 

The conclusion was that none 
of die available documents jus- 
tified the defendants* refusal io£ 
make their contractual pay- 
ments to foe plaintiff 

There was a contract of 
employment under which an 
agreed salary was to be paid. If H ' 
was to be displaced then foe 
.defendants bad to show some 
variation of the terms that was 
landing on the plaintiff. 

They bad .faded to do so and 
bad to pay him his salary. 

Mr Justice Ewbank delivered 
a concurring jud gmen t 

Solicitors: Robin Thompson 
& Partners; Humphries Kirk & 
Miller, Poole. 

justify their refiual to pay him in 
full by reference to some express 
co nt ractual arra n gemen t, 

The case thus turned on .foe 
few available . documents 
concerning, tbe plaintiffs 
employment. Originally, as a 
mannal worker, the plaintiffs 
conditions of employment were 
set out in a document “State- 
ment of Terms of 
Employment”;. Those terms 
ceased to — 1 " 

Can you always get your copy of The Timetf' 

Dear Newsngent, ptase deliver/save me a copy of The Times 

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104'- 96V Excn 

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86': Trans 

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9* £b3i 

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116V 103 Trees 1392 
107V 91'. Troon 10% 199C 
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117 V 100V Each 12'.% 1992 

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620 505 



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10 206 

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38 144 



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37 130 



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34 138 







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433 328 OandMrt 


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239 '194 AGS Haaaardi 
114 05 AIM 

600 243 APV 
110 80 
258 172 
343 207 

36 7.1 12.1 

25.76 10.1 75 
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86 68156 
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84 *1 132 
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221 MB 
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40 % 29 % anr 

120 10E% QKO • . __ 

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82 52 Ont (BO 

26% 187. Brian 
391 2SZ EnpWi CHM Off 
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183 143 Bridm Hbaa 
177 VI 32 V Baopam Facrtaa 
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343 158 
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220 127 
415 315 
37 22 
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143 106 
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199_I57 Briiaitfa 1 Haamy 
87 fit Ratal (Trims) 

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305 250 WN 

300 200 on 

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192 128 H*a 1VO 
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191 t41 

192 14S 
115 M 
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180 119 *« . . . 

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295 283 Jadmra Boixna 
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XBt (Mania Exatb EoncsXdmdMdb 6#*. 






-V • 




fara sarwr partner. Ha is 
“JWW to find someone 
wo has ^ the interest and 




Emphasis is ptacwl on 

the ab&ty to handle 
" T yortm ! private clients so 

a sntort a ppearance and 


The initial salary wa 
be E11JQQ writh additional 
benefits. induUng an 
annual bonus. 

SHfe 9060 with WP 


Cc >mpas8 Press Is a smafl but last growing marine 
punsfttng company based an Fleet Street The com- 
pany is about to embark on. a major expansion 
programme with a launch of a number of new tides. 

To assist in this task, the Editorial Director requires a 
personal assistant The job win involve a 

range of tasks involved in selling up the ec 

of new .puHcations and running exi sti ng tides. 

To match up to the jobs exacttog demands, you wfl 
have BOM sec re tari a l skBs. a- confident manner in 
dBaBng with people tflrectiy and on the phone, and an 
ability to work an your own initiative. You wffl relish 
rosponeasBty and enjoy working as part of a small but 
(stented team. You' wffl remain unflappable under 

Compass Press is an advanced user of office technol- 
ogy so you w£ be confident about using a computer 
terminal, although previous experience of doing so is 
not essentiaL You wifi manage the day to day work of 
a junior secretary. 

Salary £9,500 per annum. Hofidays 4 weeks per year 
plus public hofidays. 

If you feel you have what it takes to match up to this 
demanding job write with complete CV to: 

Peter Bertram 
Compass Press Ltd. 

CrofimraU House. 

20 Bride Lane. 

London EC4Y BOX. 


One of the innovators in the computer 
world and international leaders in their 
field have a challenging post for a young 
secretary who is interested in progressing 
beyond the straight secretarial role. 

The position, working for the Personnel 

V V 



The Woolwich, one of the UK's largest Building Societies 
requires an experienced Senior Secretary to work for the 
General Manager (Personnel). 

Based at Chief Office — Woolwich, this vacancy offers 
individuals the opportunity to undertake an interesting 
range of secretarial and administrative duties at Executive 



The ideal candidate should be aged 25 plus, have several 
years senior secrete rial experience, a genuine interest in 
Personnel Issues, and in addition possess exceflent 
shorthand and audio typing speeds (t 00/60 wpm). Wbrd 
processing experience would be a distinct advantage. 
The successful candidate can expect to join a progressive 
organisation offering an attractive salary which is 
reviewed annually, preferential mortgage terms, 
contributory pension scheme, subsidised staff restaurant 
facilities and twenty days annual leave. 

Application forms are available from the Personnel 
Secretariat, telephone 01 -854 2400 Ext 5737 and should 
be returned to Mrs Elaine Jones, Personnel Officer 
(Wbofwich), Wbolwich Equitable Buikfing Society; 
Equitable House, Woolwich, London SE18 6AB. 
Applications are welcome from both men and women. 




SpeotaUato for the 18-25 year otebs 


FAST MOVING! to £10,000 

Join the world of public affairs. High 
profile job for Senior Secretary. 
Excellent skills will be rewarded by great 
benefits. Must be articulate and 

HIGHLY to £10,000 


Discretion is demanded at afl times, so 
you must be used to working at a senior 
level. Opportunity to use your own 
initiative, and run the office when the 
boss is away. 

GRADUATE! to £0,750 

To take work load off this senior partner. 
Your determination to succeed and 
develop the roie win need experience 
and self motivation. Must be smart with 
good phone manner. 

DRIVE IN! to £8,500 

initiative and organisation are needed in 
this new department Personality will be 
important when going out to talk to large 
companies and important people, as will 
administration skills when 'holding the 
fort 1 . 

Full details from: 

19/23 -Oxford Street, Wl Tel: 01-437 9030 
131/133 Cannon Street, EC4 Tet 01-626 8315 

Recruitment Consultants 

Controller, places emphasis on administra- 
tion plus some secretarial support. 

An excellent opportunity to join a go 
ahead organisation . 

Skills 80/50. Ideal age 

nud2 ° ,s - FINgS SeJ 





3i is cine bedratende, interna douaJe Rnanzgruppe, 
die Untemehmen afler GtOssesordaungen langfxtstig 

Wir bieten eine ungewdhnliche Chance for eine 
aufiergrwOhnJicbe SekrecSrin mir hervorragenden 
organisatorischen FShigkeiten. Sic soil zunJcbsr nritheKen, 
ttpQT neues Btlro in Erankfurt/Main aufzubauen unddes 
wdceren Sekretirin und Asastentin des deutschen 
hecdril w ftlw miiHil. 

Die aussicfatsrricbe Be w er b e rin ist fiber 25 jahre alt, 
spricht und schrdbt Deutsch als Mutrexsprache, is fliefiend 
im Englischen m*d vgr fo gt fiber eine nmlawnib Eifrhrung 
ak Chefsekretarin- Sie is kontaktfahig, oberoimmtgerne 
Veranrwommg and hat Scbwung. 

Die SteDe btetet die Mdglichkeit sich innerhalb eines 
znnSchsr kleinen Teams zu bewrisen und zu entfalten und 
eine langfrisog interessance Position aufzubauen. 

Interessien? wenden Sie sich Entte an: 

Aim Goldie 

Investors in Industrie pic 
91 Waterloo Road 
London SE1 8XP 
Tel: 01-928-7822 



§ PA/ Administrator 
i - Oil exploration 

1 c£ 11,000 

< luted experience 

r Secretary in 
Corporate Relations 

This vacancy vrotdd suit someone who is keen to be 
more than just a secretary in this lively department 
The job involves a wide variety of secretarial and 
a dmi nst ra ti o n duties toctedingconskterabte contact 
with product divisions, journalists, PR agencies. 
Government Departments and the general public. 
Applicants aged 25+ should have secretarial 
experience at senior level with first class shorthand and 
typing skills. Cross training wffl be given if necessary on 
the Philips 5020 word processor. The abffity to remain 
tactful and discreet whilst under pressure is necessary. 

. We offer a competitive salary and excellent benefits 
including 25 days’ annual holiday, subsidised staff 
restaurant pension scheme, season ticket loan 
scheme and discount on staff sales. 

Please write giving full details to Mrs. M.D. Rush, 

Central Personnel Department Philips Electronics, 
Arundel Great Court, 8 Arundel Street, London WC2R 3DT. 


_ To nut this expanding UK-based office. Re- 

' • J ' in the oil and gas 

industry would be an 
to enable you to cape with this 
z prestigious, yet demanding position. 

fa You will act as their eyes and ears to ensure 

> the office runs smoothly. This will entail lots 
^ of client contact and therefore a pleasing and 
- positive personality is a must In ad diti on to 
g excel l e nt skills, you will also need to have a 
£ sound administrative background. Skills: u 

I I00/G °' < 


o 8 Golden Square, London WL B 

> Tel: 01-439 6021 z 


Private PA 

From £10,500 

Thte Is a fascinating, supremely challenging role. Our diem 
deals around the globe — a businesswoman of charisma, 
energy and imprest connections. As her priwre assistant 
)ouwdl look after the London base; handling domestic staff, 
dealing with business affairs, organising ftaiaJons (dinners, 
concern) esc. An excellent memory integrity and 
dedication are essentiaL Soda! skills and organising flair are 
also Important. Good shorthand/ typing requested. Age 
24+ Please telephone 01-493 5787. 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London Wl 
(Recnfitmere Consul nnr$ 

Administrative Assistant 
in the 

Invitations Office 
of the 

Lord Mayor of London 

Circa £8,500 pa 

A unique opportunity to become a member of the small permanent staff who 
support the Lord Mayor of London. 

Duties include the preparation of lists, table plans and menus for the many 
ceremonial and social events that occur throughout the Mayoralty, plus 
general office correspondence. 

An aptitude for detail and organisation and an ability to deal with people ji ail 
levels weraeniijl. 

Accurate typing and a good telephone manner is required- Written French an 

A non-smoker would be preferred. 

Applications are invited from candidates age 35>+ . 

Please apply in writing with full Curriculum Vitae by Friday, llrd May l c *hh 
to: The Invitations Officer to The Rt. Hon. The Lord Mayor of London. The 
Mansion House. London EC4N 8BH. 

pirectors Secretary! 

Management Consultancy 
to £13,000. 

W e have been exclusively retained by our 
client, an internationally established and 
fast expanding firm of management 
consultants, who need to augment their 
administrative and secretarial support staff in 
line with heavy consultant-level recruitment. 

In order to place themselves at the forefront of 
a highly competitive and dulled growth 
industry they need a real depth of experience 
throughout their staff. A management 
consultancy background, whether gained in a 
head-hunting or information technology 
advisory environment, will be essentiaL The 
ideal candidates will understand the need to 
service diems to exacting professional 
standards within a highly pressurised but 
stimulating atmosphere. 

Work content will vary according to different 
assignments being handled, but good 
secretarial speeds (100/601 are required, 
together with strong administrative abilities 
and a self -starting, service-oriented attitude. 

Age indicator: early twenties plus, and ready 
to take responsibility. 

Please telephone 01-437 1564 or 
write in c om p l ete confidence 
quoting reference MBNDS 9005. 

& Associates Ltd 
Recruitment Consultants 01-437 1564 
13G Regent Street, London WIR 5FE 







» j 

r— ra? 

Hi-Tech Happy? 


Breathtaking opportunity to put your aitj uatem to 
wotk. setting up a completely new WP/compoter 
system for tins top professional company. Yoo wjD 
handle all aspects — researching the lo gistics, maai lfaifi 
and testing the systems, lia i s i ng and co-ordtoatingwfth 
their steering committee, ibu should be bright, 
sdfciaitiiai snH ^ able to ha ndle pressure. Good 
andsh for own use e s s en t i aL Age 2+h Plea 
01-49 1232. 

Recruitment Consultants 


If you’re wort&yoOT weight in goM this is the job 
for you, working for a top jewellery designer in 
Wl. We also halve exciting openings in the fol- 
lowing fi elds: 



•SaL range £8,000-£9,000 

If you are bright and enthusiastic, age 18-25 with 
80 shd and 55 typ + 9 truths sec exp. please calk 

437 6032 


A JW«tcnurti*,ic»sun<wTs ■ 


UaknuTi 2 years experience 
with good presentation and 
spores (Shorthand lOOwpm 
and accurate typmg 65wpcn) 
for 3 foreign predication 
Salas Manage r * in ratal, 
friendy department within 
mwflutn sized company. Sal- 
ary c. £7.500 + bene&s. 

M M» Bates BTS3I Srit 


c.£12,000 rusty shorthand 

As Personal Assistant/Secretary to the Administration 
Director and Personnel Manager you will have a vital role to 
play. Our client is a highly respected City commodity firm 
trading on the international markets. Only part of die work will 
be secretarial (80wprn s/h); the remainder will be administra- 
tive, dealing at all levels within this friendly and Bvdy firm (300 
staff) and includes some personal and charity work. Team spirited 
applicants aged 23-30 with ‘A’ levels, poise and initiative 
should apply. Hours 9.30-5.30. Please ring 588 3535. 

Crone Corkill 



£10,000 NEG 

You need both personality + presentation 
to handle clients for this high-tech com- 
pany dealing with the advertising world. 
Although shorthand and typing is required, 
you will broaden into an admin/personnel 
role as the company grows. Age 25-30. 


You are 20*5 and would enjoy a lot of client 
contact, plus admin and word processing 
for a small West End engineering co. 5 
weeks holidays. 

HIGH AND LOW? £10,000 

A high-tech company in the Gty need a 
low-aged (23-25) secretary for their market- 
ing director. You are computer/WP 
friendly with 90+ shorthand. PA potential 
and capable of organising seminars and 


You are confident mid 20*s+ and capable 
of supervising several staff as well as the 
whole range of secretarial duties including 
shorthand typing for the director of Cana- 
dian stock brokers in the City. 

Gty 377 8600 West End 4397001 

Secretaries Plus 

M The Secretarial Consultants | 

. \ 


is even better at Hodge! 

FoOowng our recent success wg are defi ghtsti Ijo 
announce the expansion of our Temporary Service. 
Introducing Bounds Orunwefl - w e are tow able to 
pronto a wider range of bookings for all our 

And~. you can now cafi us any time between 8.30 am 
- 6.30 pm. . 

H you would See to join our team 
Please cafi 

01-629 8863 

Sky-High PA 

£ 11,000 

Panoramic views ower West London and mp-Ievd 
responsiMtey are as PA to Sales Development 
D (rector of this high-ffying world leader In office systems 
technology He Is yorejg dynamic and outgoing. You wilt 
work dcseif with him, co-ordinating his itinerary and 
handling problems, fafcon etc In his absence. Sumptuous 
surrounding. Generous ‘large com pan/ benefits. Director- 


SmaQ busy Head Office of Country Sports Association 
requires Pereor Friday, SwretartaJ/boo* keeptaw back 
wound essential with good telephone manner. 

Demanding lob offering scope and opportunBr. Common 

sense and abfltty to make things happen are more impor- 
tant than typing meeds, suitable for country lover 
wotting to break out of Ute routine or a PA /Secretarial 
position or for someone of more mature years returning 
alia- a break from fug time employment. 

The work involves membrasttip services. PR. Parliamen- 
tary liaison and arrangement of social timatons. 
Knowledge of co mp uters and wortprocesang desirable. 
Salary negotiable around £9.000 dependent on age and 
experience. 4 minutes walk from London bridge and 
Cannon street stations. 

Lftrers of applicant* pkts C.V. ta 
Dire cto r, 

Satown mad Troot Association, 
F lsto— B tr*s Hafi, London Bridge, 

Elizabeth Hunt 

S9 V 500 

A chance to join one of the world's most suc- 
cessful international banks and enjoy first class 
working surroundings and a benefit package to 
add at least £2,000 to your salary. Banking ex- 
perience not needed but a stable work history 
and 100/50 sktils are essential. 


A leading i n ter na t io nal City bank seeks a secre- 
tary to their personnel director. This position 
cals for a quick thinker with a good telephone 
manner and tne abffity to kaise at aU levels. 
Amazing benefits include large bonus and mort- 
gage subsidy. 100/50 skills needed. 

m Efizobeth Hunt Recruftaient Gonsuftonb a 

\23 College HS London EC 4 0 L 2403551 ^ 


We need 2 enthusiastic adaptable people to join 
our growing team: 

- PA to Vice Chairman. A good organiser who 

can work indepe mainly and speak 


- Financial Admin/Secretaiy to MD. Account- 
ing experience essential. 

Phone R W Beilis on 078481 31 15 or write to 
Beale International Technology Ltd. WhitehalL 
Wrasbury. Near Staines. Middlesex. TW19 5NJ 

t ; 

■" m nwr 0 "® 

Wo don’t offer them gnunteks or pac kages - 
Yfti pt we do offer than* is 
« rhaliotgirtS assjgtiutems 

* Excellent tales of toy 

• respect S' ttx* *° fi: P n * l ’F"“ ^ d , , ? ec<fc - 

Wc « Sraougft to care for each m our 

UanL mne Khn or De« urn 93# 171* 

m VSf delighted you did . 



Advertising, Fashion, Trawl, 
Publish mg. Media, Beauty, 

. . Top Jote, Top Salaries. 

CaS ue at your nearest branch: 

West End 01-734 091 1 
Hotting HOI Gate 01-221 5072 
Hammersmith 01-846 9787 


p *e«.ooo* 

Jos of soda occasions, travelling 
anti aeaang with the press? The tumtshad lattku 
^tmejfor.tius vrafmoum 
n^ryutiio erooys aS three. Someone wen groomed 
and spoken is essenhaL Typing SO wpm needed. 

^ * FASHION £8,000 * 

This top Mayfair fashion house are looking for a 
gnfidffit young se cretary to assist fwo manSoere in 
sa *£ r^artmem. A varied day with lots of con- 
j act wt h mtemationai c&ants and arranging VIP 
ggjes. Beautiful office. SkSs 90/5?WpSinfog 

V ltearaweefora: 01 -499^)70 M 

46 Old Bond street LflBdOTW.1. Jf 



£10,000 NEG 

A unique job tor an exceptional person! in this 
design and haute couture venture you will be deal- 
fog with clients, assisting with managerial aspects, 
Basing with the production anti dete^i team and 
turning your hand to almost anything connected 

with the fashion business. Enthusiasm, a flak for 
design, high standards and commitment are aJJ es- 
sential qualities in this demanding position. You 
must have sound experience In fashion, be very 
wal presented, weti spoken and socially confident. 
Some secretarial skins are required. Age 25-45. 
FtewWJity on writing schedule possible. 

_ 434 4512 

Crone Corkill 

Recntitnmtf Consultants 

98 Re$em Street Wl 



As one of our young enthusiastic temps, you will 
be greatly appreciated by our interesting and 
varied clients afl over London. Uslna your initia- 
tive and skins of 80/100 sh or audio, 50+ typ and 
good W.P. you wffi be paid excellent rates and 
have action-packed days. Age 19-25. Please 

437 6032 


A Www cokw.fek* ^ fc r 



The srassM camuae Wfl levs prates relevant raemflcs. bsHtesa 
state and an eaellwTl mtephofts rnaonc) Ai) outgom genrati- 

d ite Naonti Tnid. oarbaMV racrafing cenra <hUi ta iwd% puUxs- 
lions, anas, and die part pub* * «eantal. 

Sabiy Range. E7595 - £9.555. teomlng on age and noenrace. 
W0h « -ntao, mtioang CV. to. 

Mss Elizabeth Aftnark 
Per ao nnd Section 
The National Trust 

Ctoabig Dote? 23 May 1988 































































il a 













n g 






1 % 


Looking for a new job? 

Our London branches would like to talk to you. We’ve got a great variety of permanent jobs all over town. 



Public Relations 

An Interesting vacancy tuts arisen for a highly competent, experienced secretary 
to work closely with our Public Relations Director. BJB Music. Europe and 
Internatio n al. The Director la responsible for ensuring a high level of positive 
pubic relations activity in support of the general proroe of EMI Music, working 
closely with senior BUI Music executives worldwide on ai aspects of the media 
and acting as a principal ink with the THORN EMI Corporate PR office. 

This is a challenging o pp ortunity tor someone wth exceflent shcrthand/typfng 
skffls (100/60) Wtxj wS assist with various projects (eg. the opening of our new 
compact disc plant). Other duties include organising press functions, meetings, 
co n ferences, overseas travel, checking through newspapers/magazmes far 
relevant articles relating to tha Company and dmlng with correspondence and 
telephone enquiries. 

The person ap pointed must have excellent organisational skats coupled with the 
abffity to c ommunica te wefl with a wide range of people including senior EMI 
Music staff. faumafists and members of the public. The work earned out 
requires initiative and (fiptomacy and the secretary wffl need to deal with 
information of a c onf idential and often sensitive nature. A flexible approach to 
working hours is essential. 

If you are aged 23-30 and would tike to apply please write with fafl CV to: 


Jane SuMvan, Personnel Department. 
EMI Music Limited. 

20 Manchester Square, 

London W1A 1ES. 


Two of the partners in one of London’s largest desi&i firms are looking for a 
permanent secretary/assistant with initiative and enthusiasm. 

Good secretarial experience should eqm p linientdiplonBcyand ' 
communication and organisational skills. 

Clerical and typing support will be provided. • . 

Apply in writing together with your cv to: 

Mr L Porter Administration Services Manager 

YRM Partnership 24 Britton Street LONDON EC1M5NQ 






Take die first step in 
your sales career 

Cfip Display Systems is a young, ambitious 
and extremely successful company based in 
Bristol Their products -simple, practical and 
highty effective modular exhibition and 
display systems - have created a dramatic 
Impact on UK and international markets 
since their launch five years ago. 

London is a key target market and, as part of 
their continuing expansion programme. Clip 
is to open a showroom at its very heart— in 
the prestigious Business Design Centre 
soon to be completed at the magnificent 
Royal Agricultural HaN, Islington. It is to 
manage this new operation that they now 
seek a self-motivated, energetic individual, 
klealy aged 25-35. 

Reporting to the London Area Sales 
Manager, you wiH spend 80% of your time 
working independently at the showroom, 
dealing with personal and telephone sales 
enquiries and handling aS associated 

Thus, whilst good typing is needed and some 
shorthand ability would be useful, of equal 
importance are a mature, flexible approach, 
effective communications skills, a flair for 
design and previous experience in a sales 
office environment 

Full product training will be provided and the 
salary offered will be around £1 0,000. In 
addition the prospectsfor developing a sales 
or management career within this growing 
company are exceNenL 
To find out more contact Steve Rowlands at 
Harrison Cowley, 35 Queen Square. Bristol 
BS1 4LU. Tel: 0272277566. 

Harrison Cowley 


Tasteful T emping ... 

No has sl e s. No let-downs. Just plain, sim ple, 

A tasteful package of top jobs, elite rates and 
thoroughly professional service. 

If you have sound skills and experience, you 
should be talking to The TXbrk Shop 1 . 

Telephone Sue Cooke on 01-409 1232. 

handling everything from salaries and VAT to 
expenses and ledgers. Rare opportunity to join 
an expanding organisation situated in Sough 
town centre. For further rtoaik call Carol 
Newman at B & B Personnel on Maidenhttd 
(0628) 72833.{Agy) 


Secretary required for Directors of a public 
company fa the Casino business in Mayfair. 
Good shorthand and accurate typing 
essential plus knowledge of a Digital 
Decmate Wordprocessor (or sfanfliar}. 

Salary on appfication according to age and 


£10,500 p.a. 


My other half is relocating to the Midlands. 
Sadly I have to leave my job of some 8 
years with a Director of a public company in 


The Chairman of a well- 
respected International 
Company m the City rs looking 
for a unique PA. 

As he generates a tot of 
paperwork. you should he 
prepared to rarnfe a heavy 
secretarial load. But ties wE be 
compensated by considerate 
efert contact organsmg 
bom at Ascot and has™ at 
went seraor toed rattan the 

Ex ceBant socia l skids, a flair 
tor reganoaton and fast -class 
seoaanai stalls are assega i 
(or this nvoivmg ponton. 

728 8491 


Fleet Street The role is Executive Assistant 
but a high standard of Secretarial skills is 

, More importantly, you will have continuous 
; inter-company ana major client dialogue at 
Director level, demanding a mature and 
confident approach. 

If you can take decisions calmly and re- 
sponsibly, initiate your own corres- 
pondence, are literate and reasonable 
numerate, this could be the job for you. 
This is a demanding job in a relaxed 

Age: 25-40. Non smoker prefered 

If this interests you so far and you'd eke to 
know more please teiepnone me> 

Carofine Waffis, 
on 01-583 8888 extn; 203. 



£ 9 , 000 + 

An - 11 ■*■"![ nod m m a al rlulhw p a% mnta y to tbs direc tor 
of London's newest private hospital the prestigious London 
Bride: Hospital by London Bridge Station. 

The&eavy. but varied, workload requires a mature, intaXgest, 
afganiMB and lively mind to with unpcedictablB day to 
day sttosUons. 

You need to c ommon mss, resilience A humour 

with the ability to deal with all h»eh of people, including top 
Medical CoasuttanU. patients & the general public. Firat dam 
secretarial skills and word processing experience amntiaL 
Please write enclosing C.V. or t eleph o ne for applicati on form 

Mrs Susan Farqtdmraoo, 

Director of Personnel St Martina Hospitals LfcL, 
Po r e b c ater Bouse, 91 Whnpoie Street, 

Lon do n WlM 7DA. 

01-629 1901 

1 g S 

sonnai department 
heeds efficiency as 
weti as empathy- Our 
client, a major con- 
sumer marke ting 
organisation, needs a 
secretary (80/50) who 
can assist with aB the 

onsibfities of a busv 
personnel department 
while also lending a 
sympathetic ear to 
any staff problems or 
enquiries. The rale 
covers al aspects of 
coordi natin g recruit- 
ment a nd train ing - 
from (karting ad- 
vertising copy to 
seemgtha successful 
concknon to recruit- 
ment campaigns, end 
wffl appeal to you if 
you want to capdaise 
on yow secretartte 
experience. Aged 
24+ you wiH have the 
personal confidence 
to deal whh all levels 

salary a 

Eor furdier i nf orm ati on 
please contact 

Hosaie PwtintL 

01-491 1868 

IMI’LKlAl. ( ( 'Ll I i.l. Ol- 
<CI!.\L !. A T i!\i 'UKi'i 

(Untversay of Londcml 

Assistant to 
the Rector 

To orpanbe tMs kmartant 
and Nvelyofllce at Dm can- 
to* of the C Mew k 
acOvliia. A good general 

c nz^jai 
u accept the 
zte an atm 
feefiarts and 


Qrganse cottf e ranc B aaf tnda prwmtions whan you accqx ttxa 
ctBflangwg PA rote. Wtom a was kno wn coa pan y, totem w ain 
part ia marts! resaarth. acqunng Wonoficn on batn efiants and 
cwTHBUtcre. W ievda A IDO/60 sUs raqured. 


A career openmg easts for an ambitious secretary who las aa 
ot aw fmancat world. Entering pro mana gement tty 
outmns e ottered bv ttxs auafl awestmert bank. 

TELEPHONE: 629 8863 



lent pcnooaJ skins and the 
atoUXy to n in tt i d mrt il 

SO May 1986, 


This Saturday mooting we are opening our 
Covent Garden office in order to see appli- 
cants who find it hard to visit us during the 
working week. If you are shopping in town this 
weekend and would like to pop in for an infor- 
mal discussion about your next career move, 
we'd be happy to see you. Please telephone 
for an appointment 

Efinbath Hunt Recruitment Consultants 

2-3 Bedford 9sset London WC2 01-240 3511/ 



c. £9,000 

Secretary required to join this enthusiastic 
small team in London's leading Estate Agents. 
We need someone lively, adaptable 
and with a sense of humour. 

Good typing, S/H and WP experience. 
Age 20+. 

Duties will be varied as we meet 
new challenges every day. 

A flexible attitude to hours and 
a good telephone manner is essential. 

Please contact Efizabeth Toppin on 
01-252 5060 


I am extremely lucky, I work for a very 
demanding but innovative iady Personnel 
Executive. The work is hard but the re- 
wards, in both job satisfaction and money 
are great. 

Unfortunately, I have to find my replace- 
ment and would welcome interest from 
Secretary /P.A.’s, 25 and over, who are 
looking for a challenging position in an 
exciting environment 

Please apply in writing with full c.v. to Box 
No. G92. 

CHUnOEufy Review 

MWteMgnw & tow rtoraison sysfcras. ® «* n dnl hna 

Wwi any - md 

£8,000 + hui- W fr 

him ta ohaseK S drawee n Vtan/F*n Wnrid. a aecretanr ia 
HaiMMt. Mend m tbe bans raU dm* to m 
yW* W W rare sraorad a ng Mum d ftdv. 


Tat Mr. Osborne on U1-6£9 4400- 




Senior Secret ary to provide secretarial support 
with WP skills, for two Senior Consultants 
within a major International company with new 
luxury offices, based in the City. 

The Company is friendly, lively and can offer an 
excellent remuneration package. 


115 Shaftesbury Avenue 
London WC2H 8AD 

439 4001 


Based in p resti gions offices near Wimbledon Village require a 
good Seawn} bra Senior Ereemw and bis team. 

Applicants shook! have a good educational back g round and 
possets good stranbxnd. Typing and Wo n fproccBtng stalls. Good 
salary a c cordin g 10 a& and experience. 

Pteasc send C.V. i« . . 

Mrs. L. D. M. Lees, ■ • 

Donumcn iKenwional Group pic. 

Donmaoo Hoase. ftitwle. 

Wimbledon. Losdoa SW19 5NB. 



If you have a Bvety, outgoing 
personality, have banking 
experience and, most important, 
fluent Portuguese, , the Deputy 
General - Manager of an 
international bank in the City wffl 
welcome you as his PA. Lots of- 
telephone work. English 
shorthand, although not 
essential, would be an 
advantage. Preferred age mid- 
20's. Salary £9,500 plus banking 




No shorthand or typing. Become 
Market Services Manager of a 
food Import Co. Talk to South 
American distributors and 
organise Market Research. Also 
some translation and figure 
work. Knowledge of Kalian 



The Deputy Q*m* Mmigar qir an 
international bank m toe CUy metis , 
sacretary with roaby Burart GenrtaaGoOd 
Engttsb and barating experience are 
tmportarn as there wA be » greet daatof 



into and front German. Typing 
Engtati sbo rt w nd wdujdbS 
rfary £9.000 ptos gamrous 
mans. Age 2S+. . 



Fluent Engfisft and Frendi vritti sb oo h a nti 
could ipjtffy you for one of (be tow super 
jobs we have in central Paris. Four tooly 
different Companies to choose from - m 
need experienced secretaries aged about 
25. Salaries witibe negotiated at a taret to . 

174 New Bond St* London W,1, 




jdkt Recruitment Consultants 

01-491 7100 


Excellent remuneration package 

Due to an exciting expansion programme hi the City we are looking for 
career-orientated people who will respond positively to management oppor- 
tunities. If you can work well in a hectic environment and can co n tri bu te, as 
part of a professional recruitment team telephone us now for an interview in 
confidence. • 

Naomi Conay 
Deborah Pratt 
Louis Tomazou 

283 7935 
623 3966 
481 8441 


An equal opportunity employer 

Hot Property 

£10,000 + bonus B M 

This is a new position wkhfti one of London’s rop-raroe 
firms. They handle intern ationa l property appraisal and 
inwstmenc. \bu» as secretary is a young and fra-riskig 
partner, wtfl take on a fttil and varied role —helping Mm » 
buffd Ns department and his diem-base; organising Ns 
hectic schedule and looking after things in his absence 
overseas. Excellent skUb (100/60) are essential. At least ; 
three yeartf experience desirable. Please utephanetil-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 
(Recrutanem Consultants) 



S e c r et ary /PA te London Manager 

A varied & res p onsible role in a busy office; 
meetings to be arranged & fiaison required for 
UK-wide operation; people to meeb reports & 
correspondence to be produced; Canon mini 
to be used with Word Perfect WP system; 
prospect of an interesting admin role when we 
move to iaigar & permanent offices. Salary by 
arrangement - around £9000 pa. - 

Please can Su Barrett on 01 836 9995 

CanfrapoM. 183 Hew Oxford Street 

Senior PA in 
Marketing £10,000 

Excellent opportunity to join a lively 
dynamic City team working for the 
MD and the Head of PR 

You must be presentable, bright, 
personable, educated to at least A‘ 
level standard with speeds of 90/50. 
Total involvement a promise? ■ 

Public Relations 

We are currently handing numerals 
vacancies in top P.R. agencies (City 
and West End) tor graduate sec- 
retaries - from college leavers 
through to senior PA’s. All these 
companies share a common need to 
recruit intelligent energetic people 
with good skills, (including 






Jon Bus largo Hnn Hoiiil 
coivraqr based d me Jnvltf 
Msjrfw. in asssmg m pang 
flmanen yow day wH te- 
sted wb ante wnety hum 
organrang annua rad i lugti 
tomuratrboa content Sudia 
young and praNnoral no- 
ronmoot ofiaro enormous 


B you rent tn use. your jatea- 
toe. we on reap oa atw m 
ml a etraknge, and raw good 
aw» gra ,. ptowe era ROM 

toOMSOE m 221-son. 

Versatile Secretary/Administrator 
To: £9,500 + bonus 

Small advertisiDg agency close to Toner Bridge is looking 
for about four people reded into one happy narinip. We 

see you as prooaoiy art- (maybe returning after a family 
break), wefl spoken and presented, coofidou, and able to 
use your avm radiative. 

Naturally we expea polished typing (W.p. training given 
if necessary), exceflent organisational skills, and the abil- 
ity to boss us around pleasantly. You won't mind 

ardozen rush jobs at once. In retom, youH be loved to 
pieces by us afl. 

PteasecaU Jacki e Bradley on 01-231 7275, or send a brief 
C.V. to her at Juniper Woolf and Partners Limited, 22 
New Concordia Wharf Mill Street, London, SE1 2BB. 


SmM bur tod OWcs of Cooitn snorts Assoottn ranukvs 
PnifaytB WM. Seq aanriftcoto eting tnagrooed assanui mBi good w»- 

** ® nafcB ““ffls im« mm mqxnant.Orai 

omnrvpamn suktig to m* out of the nutm ot a 

IN to* nwties membaishe ssnees, PR. P ari taroa xa rr Banm aq| 
antogwxtiraw.tunc#^ of comtetos^noiogy/Kn) 

OTttsaog destatia. w 

Satoy nagtratte OT'ad aooffdeoetort on aB^nratenu. 

4 maxes w& trora Lonoon Bnoge ate CamwStaM. 

temugm' Hte. teadM BM* EMR 


Account faecupve required with consultancy experi- 

nSStSSSSm ffif* dcpgrP P ent 10 wmkon 

of accounts. Salary according to age and eapen- 

Reply m writing with CV to: 

_ JLkPmten 

RteHrate LU, 

“^Branam, Rd, 

LmmIm SW4 OBC. 


Thdy benpuai pa/sec ior tea 
moving Dapt at world re- 
nowned W Lon C& TWs 
n««y created p o si tion re- 
<H®88 a dynamic confidan t 
P«w«*y and vM mvolro 
contact and PR chans. 




tajsmt MORTGAGE 

BtoWttng to ma l w ra Boric 




buw'tosennal offin. 

totons miHpogmi ex- 
entont. o roa nt m io na i stdto, 

a at SSwpm. & snarmanc 
to an rahortago. 
o Larol MicaDen ago 29+. 

ftr bte dngb 

inr, iiMr^s mai 1*4 iyao 




^s u d n i&^sK s o n "^ n ~ 

i° ^ tbe development of 
m^Ke ^nS^S W 2 U ** worki ng for a din£tor and 
skills. It is necSS^/ telephone manner and inter-personal 

eitiiCT in the^J^nS ca ? dldates b ? ve recent experience 
cuner m me Uk military forces or in defence systems. 

wnSbSo^ £2£° K ° ffered ' ***** with a non- 

en^nmem. Scbeme 3,1(1 an exceUenl ™**8 

Please apply in writing to: Mr. J. Ault, 

31 St. James's Square, 

London SWlY 4JR. 

Sales Administrator/Secretary-c£9,500 

An opportunity to use your initiative - NW10 

™iil ient iS J ti ? e , UK . subsidiary of a multinational chemical 
<s looking for a competent and experienced 
person to take charge of the Sales Administration Office of 
one of its divisions, and to act as Confidential Secretary to the 
two Senior Managers of the department 

Ideally aged 30+, you will have a background in sales admin- 
■straton and sound secretarial skills. Some knowledge of 
chemistry and experience of word processing/computers 
would be an advantage. 

If you possess these skills, have a good telephone manner 
and are able to assume responsibility, please send a copy of 
your cv, or telephone, to Jo Byrne, Reliance Service Bureau 
Ltd., 50 The Broadway, Ealing W5. 

Tel: (01) 579 6221. 


CITY: Experienced bilingual pa /secretary 

(GERMAN/English) with english shorthand ■ a new 
job in a major international bank. Usual benefits plus 
30 days vacation, and salary up to £1 1.500. 

CITY: Experienced bilingual executive secretary 
(English/GEEMAN) With shorthand in both lan- 

guages. to work for Managing Director in dynamic 
financia l environment. Banking benefits and salary up 

to £ 12 , 000 . 

MAYFAIR: Tri-tingual Pa/secreiary (25-35) With flu- 
ent euglish, FRENCH and SPANISH (englisb 
shorthand). To work for two senior executives of inter- 
national investment company. Salary Around £10,000. 
COVENT GARDEN: Computer - Keen. Trilingual 
secretary (Late 20’s Plus) With shorthand in English 
and FRENCH, plus .fluent SPANISH To assist 
Managing Director nf Financial Consultancy. Salary 
around £11.000. 

EPSOM/ESHER area: PA/secretaiy with GER- 
MAN of mother lounge standard, familarity with 
GERMAN - speaking areas and really splendid En- 
glish, to work at senior level. No shorthand, good salary 
and plenty of variety. 

FRENCH and an interest m marketing - Must be a 
coxnputer/word processor enthusiast around £10,000. 
DAGENHAM: PA/seaetary with flnem FRENCH 
(English shorthand) and experience at Director level, to 
assist recently - arrived Managing Director (French). 
•Excellent office environment and negotiable salary. 
FELTHAM: Bilingual, secretary (25 pins) with En- 
glish shorthand and very fluent GERMAN, to work 
or Marketing Manager. Varied activities including 
translations both ways and telephone liason. Sal up to 

SPAIN: Bilingual s e c r eta r y (25 phis) with good skills 
and experience at senior levd, to assist Overseas Sales 
Manager of Property Development Company on the 
South Coast. English needs to be of mother lounge 
standard, and both spoken and written SPANISH 

^Elizabeth Hunt 

TO £12,000 

An unflappable. well presented senior secretary is 
needed to (Otn the managing director of this leading 
firm of chartered surveyors. He will appreciate effi- 
ciency and a stable work history. SO wpm audio 
ability and rusty shorthand needed. 


£ 10,000 • £ 11,000 

Join this international research consultancy and en- 
toy a friendly team atmosphere to smart, very well 
equipped Mayfar offices. You'll be secretary to two 
senior consultants and should have fast audio ability 
J60 wpm) and a comnwied. confident personafity. 

Elizabeth Hunt RecniibnenlCbnsuftQnbi 

2-3 Becfofd Sheet London WC2 0K?40 35H J 

Elizabeth Hunt 


Would you enjoy an informal atmosphere, 
amazing office and good prospects? Then 
join this leading world design consultancy as 
secretary to a director who provides a de- 
signer service to die travel and leisure 
industries. 90/60 and WP skills needed. 



Join this famous name company closely 
conencted to the fashion industry as secre- 
tary to the marketing director. Your excellent 
organisational ability and creative ideas wffl 
be appreciated as you provide a full PA rote. 5 
weeks holidays. 100/55 skills needed. 

Elizabeth Hunt ReauSmenlConsuRanls 

L BGosvenor Sheet London W1 01-240 3531 M 


Staff Care Package: 




CXI 4,000 

The teabag firm at Sofatoa 
is toofng for a fcraonmi Offi- 
cer to Me charge id dwr 
iraiHUKHl ot secretarial/ 
atanstaUM stf, handle 
BOH welfare and records, su- 
pervise payroll, private tneffl 
scheme aid pensaas. Pros- 
pects an ncHen as the 


Recruitment Consultants 
22 Charing Cross Road, London WC2 H0HR. 

01 836 3794/5 



Senior Secretary required for 
Managing Director and Business 
Development Director of advertising 
company with blue chip client list, 
based in Mayfair. 

Shorthand and adaptability essential 
together with ability to deal with high 
level client contacts. Word processing 
experience an advantage. Salary 

Apply in writing to Mark Jamison, 
Yenshon Media, 7 Albemarle Street, 
London W1X 3HF. 

3 nrL c QMrritufton 

(SecntarmCmer^ I 

WIZARD AT WANG . £10,600 neg 

Friendly American lawyer in city needs sec with rusty 
stonfaand to back tan m te cmat ing deals. . 

UMPSUM £10,000 + boras 

Tne annual boons a put of perks horn stockbroker m 
bis Pa Sec. Good Sbanlawd ft MBtousns skilk put to 
goad osc. 

‘AEROBIC FANATIC £10400 + fcaefitai 

Assist SulT Pmr with confidential admin, training, 
counsdtag etc as PA Sec. Tbe company offers gym| 
faculties ft me of dub room. 

WIND IN THE WILLOWS £9^00+bdufits| 

Mother ben required for this financial director with 

3/10 yn exp. at l>r lewd. Interes 
rag. S/H, Audio ft WP. C-tOyrs. 

•Holidav pav “Bank holiday pay 

■Guaraij'ircd' work *Sodal programme 

for top skills , 

■Free WP/computer ’Regular reviews 
i rain mg 

•Performance awards ^Complete career 

•Immediate work *Rewarding & varied 

Call Moira or John on 
01-229 9244 

Office Overload Agency 

Send C.V. or ‘phone 01-588 9&51 for appoin t ment. Wwdgate 
Use. 59 A. London WaiL WC2 

ft**^1Htt**ft*******A^*** ******** 



| £8,500 neg $ 

* We are a leading advertising agency in $ 
5 Mayfair and are seeking a well educated, ex- $ 

* penenced secretary to join one of oar account * 

t directors and his team looking after some of * 
$ our major diems. $ 

* This varied and responsible portion requires * 
5 excellent skills induding shorthand, the ability £ 

* .to work well within a group and the common £ 
£ 'sense to deal with all aspects of secretarial £ 




Property /Hotel Com- 

pany S.W.7. Require 
highly efficient and seif 
motivated secretary. 
50% audio mtn. 50 
w.Pjil S/H not essentia] 
W.P. exp- and driving li- 
cence an advantage. 
Most be numerate and 
wBUng to work on own 
In) dative. Varied tasks, 
research etc. Must be 
OexfiXe and wtutng to do 

Rtag 01-225 1477 

ShKtly no agencies 

To £8,300 

A wonderful career oppor- 
tunity for a shorthand 
Secretary wtth 100/60 
speeds and l year experi- 
ence wishing to enter this 
industry. This leading 
axnmerdal company ts 
based In SW1 . 

Please phone 
Derek Last 
01-734 2921 

■Compass Ltd. 

(Rec Coax) 

10 HOIS Place, 
Off Oxford Street, 
London W1R 1AE. 

If you have advertising experience or a genu-' 
ine interest in advertising and are looking for 

^ K 

£ telephone Susanna Jacobsen on 01 -629" 9496 £ 

Public Relations 

£ 10.000 + 

Superb opening fora hinhcd&re secretary » R* to 

PR o*W enjoy aH-roamj 

oivohrRient. hdpia? » ^ £^VTP 

'-Kr iWia Anwm -CCT.. admin content Hecha 

ienr -orSble ^P- J ouU ^ ^ 

Si ttirad* IsraSjJto ke^rimH* -Age 

23+ Picas*' teiephoiws uI-4Liy 

PwjismW Gwciuliart* 


£13,000 . . 

* SLI " ,00/7 °- £10,500 

BA for Executive Director. French Marketing 
Sxnmy VM*** skjils l00/70 A level 

nee lattfnauqnal Li m subsidy. 

French. Sends .rnmedate 

COLLEGE leavers 

Itcruidog several intelHgeirt 
C |r > lavm for IrutmationaJ area. A 

ucll quriiM wBff “J 19+ £7> ooo aeg. ’ ;• 

fc«ds, stvis I0J-— • _ 

430 1551/2653 . . 


EUROBOND SEC. £12 v 5000+ 

A dynamic, hard working young secretary is 
desperately needed to join a young, ex- 
panding international team in the heart of 
the City - an ability to organise a group of 
young executives is essential. Beautiful of- 
fices. 50% secretarial. Speeds 90/60. Age 
& 21 . 


Ota- clients, an expanding comrminications 
company in the West End, are looking tor a 
PA./Secretary who is able to take respon- 
sibilities and work under her own steam. 
You wifi have your own protects as wet) as 
being a perfect PA to your boss. Age cJZ4. 
Speeds 100/60. . 



you anil bb 9 a MO lewd. 
Deputes m lu absence, dete- 
gde appropriate work to lunror 
seoriaitas and mate sve id 
the smooth-running of Ike 
conqsny. You wd be based n 
traunous otfices m Mayter and 
■nil enfoy excedem career 
prospecis once you have 
prow yourseh. 

B you have Ru and conMeroe 
along wth top secretanal state 

£ 10 , 000 - 
£ 12 , 000 ? 
Lively American com-' 
pany. EC3. seeks good 
humoured secretary. 
100/56 wpm. Please 

Victoria Graham Ltd 
(Rec Const 

491 7608/8007 493 1768 

1551/2653 . *;• r-t MJki should battegoodlrahi&g 


Run The Office 


Major exhibition organisers seek secretary for small, 
specialist consultancy team. This be highly involving 
role h a nd li ng all administrative aspects and assisting 
the consultants in (heir service (unction. Situated ip a 
large Georgian house in . W1 you wffl enjoy a Irydy 
friendly and relaxed envtrontneni No shorthand 
' required. ..Ybu should have {rood lypia&good education 
an years’ apuksoK. Please call 



c£16k package 

MJJ ; ! Jl'IJl-hl.lWU] 

Nora vora proposora une seeraon de pram! Vous serez padasneffl 
IPc0K ayani oeja travteie nans ee pays put ra nwwnura de 2 2ns. Vora 
uez one Donne comsraca du sartorial - steno.'dacryta 0»s les 2 
tongues, a me experience du tratemao He tens iWang/IEU prtil 
Saaues do ra/MW A £12JD0 solan voire eitenence. 


Two financial msthaons based m tte Cay reotnie emenencaJ shorthand 
Sees Mil then EuD Pmugese md accurate state |9G/B0i WP rap and 
the teddy to vroft on your own irezefive ts essenbaL Ope: 22-35. E8-8500 
Esta presfigasa umxolU mrnaoona] otrece un trabzto mtecsrtc y 
veacta a «yai fioc con mnowa cue lenga toci xn ic ca iw g iBfi a tSO/EOi. 
eon uui ixeiito do WP y me table ospadL purtagues e datena con soliura. 
Edad pnd. 22-28. Scrida E9.D3B+ 


DuWi speaking Secretary reoured by toy Turn ot fttxnatBrts. Fsel 
acnnK tynng and WP expenence b essered. as is the aWfly lo help wth 
the snoosi running of the office Age: esty 20 s £8)300 neg. 


We carenffy have ten vacancies for PA/Secreoces bi the banking held 
ExceSam En^sh A Itakan a reqd to nntii a oaher the Capital Markets 
Desk, or for the Deputy Chief Manager Eng S/H & fist typing (H30/55). 
WP kneatefne + th« ahJiy to wom or own m&aive s essoacl SaJ into 
Etaooo + benefits. AGE: 24+ 


A major American invesimsrt organisation 
has taken an unprecedented decision to 
move trom the City to the Wfest End, where it 
will establish itstracfingopera no n. 

Tha VP nrastBmrinding this work ts also the 
tetecs^muracetions chief and thus plays a 
key pert ri the orgarraabon. 

He needs a PA aged mid/tate 20s who 
appreciates the role that infotmabon 
technology wto play ri the securities beefing 
of the future. 

You must have the maturity to coordinate the 
move, taking deasrons m tns frequent 

ab s ences eJanoadttnd the enthusiasm to 
be in the vanguard ot this minor revotubon. 
SWte 100/60 with WP experience, 
preferably IBM. 

Please telephone 

01-439 6477 

.7 MacBlairA 

• nash-city/ 



Experiemed Aute Secetey wth excellent EngSsb & [tensh b rets) by this 
presugmus legal hroimtneCeytoroneofds Ssfcnors Fast tvtnng & at 
least tea years sec expeiKnce would be an asset AGE: Eany 20'! 
SALARY c£8000 


01 236 5501 

7 Ludgato Sq. EC4 (Mon-Pri fl JO-4 JO] 


London branch of international 
trade and finance house has an 
exciting opening for: 

Senior Secretary-Director Level. 

A mature reliable personality who gets 
things done and cope if the Boss is away. 
Excellent skills (100/50) and solid experi- 
ence in an international trade environment 
of advantage- Graduate preferred. 

Junior Secretary 

With shorthand and 50 wpm typing, 
knowlegde of telex procedures essential ex- 
perience in an international trade 
environment preferred. You can expect ex- 
cellent terms and prospects from this young 
go ahead company. 

Please apply in writing marked private and 
confidential to: 

R Wieder 
9 Kingcwsy 
London WC2B 6XH 


Our now famous office systems recruitment division of 
the Alfred Marks Group is in constant need of high 
calibre people to undertake assignments throughout the 
Londoa area. Our contract team enjoy, highest ma of 
pay. continuous training and development on all the 
latest sophisticated systems and the opportunity to 
progress into support application programming and in- 
company consultancy training which in turn offers 
extremely attractive earnings and benefits. 

In addition we offer an extensive portfolio of high 
calibre permanent positions offering excellent salaries 
and o opportunities in industries as diverse as: Publish- 
ing. Television, Marketing and Professional Businesses. 


01-439 4001. 

Circa £9500 

We are the London office of an expanding 
nationwide organisation. Over the last six 
months business has developed rapidly and 
as a result the workload has increased. De- 
spite the slog we mainb'an a happy team 
atmosphere and we need a Secretary/Admin- 
istrator to keep us all in line, 

A level headed organiser with shorthand and 
word processing experience is essential due to 
the high demands ot the job. You must have 
the ability to liaise effectively with clients and 
keep the office running smoothly. 

If you can handle all this and have a sense of 
humour, please ring 

JENNIFER BAKER on 01-630 6892. 

Top West End salary - in HAYES! 
Experienced Sec/PA r HD's alter ego 

If you bva out Middx way. don't nvss tluet Rapidly ax- 
panding beauty pnxium/rofletries/cosiTietic£ co. nowin 
new Business Centre on Uxbndaa Road, Hayes, has 
young haid-woriung team beaded by hyper -active MO in 
need ot strong-minded, highly efficient organising Sec- 
retary to handle detail. You’ll tie 30-pkis literate (to deal 
with correspondence) end numerate, looking after any- 
thing and everything you can lor the MO. man; 
Hra market research - aH the more PA maly 
things. Some sh/typing. French useful. 

No nary cower «vnpwc. Ring NOW. OYCttQIl 

on 01-734 7282 

Italy OratHBecreltora Ltd, 35 l%rad%,LcacloB,WiV9PP. 



§ ° Small City specialist political risk insurance 9, 
broking firm need secretaiy/pa/broker pref- b 
0 erably university graduate with interest in g 

o current aflairs. 


Department of Medicine 


New Jomt Department of Medicine, active it teaching and re- 
search, seeks an experienced medical secretary to ntowde 
personal secreBrial/executive support to the Head of Depart- 
ment and to co-ordinate the work of the department with the 
help of other secretanal staff. 

This respsonsiWe post entails daily contact wilti academic, medi- 
cal and scientific staff. Apphcants should have admmisrra&ve 
ability, be wed organised and able lo take initiative. Good secre- 
tarial skills, inteuding audio-typing and shorthand, essential. 
Word- processing experience would be an asset. 

Salary in the range £8.092 - £9.0146: generous holidays and 
season ticket loans available. Applicants should send a full cv to: 
Miss Morag Brocktefturst Administrative Officer, The Middlesex 
Hospital Medical School, Mortimer Street. London W1P 7PN or 
contact her on 01-380 9374/9373 tor further details. 


ft top fltfltn PA to the Manzcno 
beam Mti aceUM seoasnl 
sub a lemwefl by a hiHgms- 
findqe ton) ot mtenar Bsssyias. 
Ftueffi F ranch & a must and 

tawaieaoa of spaxen kafean n ao- 
reuaqe ExrefleM joh corowr O- 
ent torson and gment ontewmq. 

Swob tab lane nght cahtne ot 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 2188 

23+ £10,500 

Saws praam masts lor a Drlpt 
ted buObty PA working tor tie 
chaaman a d*s ael-kDMn com- 
pany. Lots to cfcan contact or- 
«nang and anem&nq krthes. 
events at Henley ad Wimbledon 
etc. Must be able to fwk unoei 
pressiR ad on own i motive. To 
Top Dosoon. 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END-. 01-938 2188 

ill INlMlhll I > : I » 

£ 0,000 

Well esubksbed, np-rrorteL fash- 
ion letal company sedo a good 
SH /Secretary u ftap wgause tbs 
Maingma Daaaor's otto*. Good 
tenunsnatne stabs essertoiplra 
Sw (ot Mason wth top dfamle 
face-to-tace and gvet the ohono. 
Qtod perts anti bowses, lots ol 

CTTY : 01-4812345 
WEST END= 01-938 2188 


We are looking for a SH/ 
Sraeiary/PA to work lor the 
hectc PB company. Lots ol 
aamnstratm. Qbrp on a wide 
range ol angantsabond dimes 
Very nvotad. busy postton work- 
ing as a rigm-fianfl to the Manag- 
ing Director. Superb benefits 

CITY: 01-4812345 
WEST END: 01-938 21S8 


Lively and competent Secretary/ 
PA to won lor the Manapng Di- 
rector cA a prasbgdus btanee 
company Goad SH and typmg 
geeas essential 100/60 ctusatM- 
tj to base with drents and work 
on own ueattva Imerestng and 
vaneri position. 

CIPi’- 01-481 2345 
WEST END- 01-938 2188 




LONDON W1 £10,000+ 

Experienced Interviewer as first as- 
sistant to Manageress required by 
Employment Agency established 
over 15 years in the West End. 

An ideal opportunity to join a small 
but expanding friendly group. 

Phone Mike Brown on 01-221 3697 



We are seeking a well organised, self motivated 
and mature PA/senior secretary with good skills 
( 100/60) who enjoys PR and will assume respon- 
sibility for supervision or some of the company’s 
admin including appointments of secretaries etc. 
Plea sent personality and ability to work under 
pressure essential. 

Please apply in writing including CV to: 

Mrs S McMahon, 

Sydney Kay Firmin Partnership 
(Chartered Architects), 

Tha vies Inn House, 5 Holborn Circus, 
London ECtN 2HN 


To join friendly, very busy management consul- 
tancy/ market research company. Duties 
include, some shorthand, audio, typing of re- 
ports. organising travel arrangements, diaries, 
lunches etc. 

Applicants must have last accurate typing, have 
some knowledge of WP (training provided), be 
conversant with modem office machinery and 
be able to communicate at all levels. 

Starting salary £9.000 (free lunch). 

Please send Rill CV and particulars lo: 
Rosalind Muter 
78-80 St John Street 
London ECIM 4HR 
(No agencies} 


Sales Co-Ordinator 

I m m e diate vacancy for young energetic secretary - 
sales co-ordinator working for leading Far East 
hotel company. Language ability German and 
French. This busy sales office in Knightsbridge 
handles individual and group reservations. 
Excellent salary. Full CV to: 

Jim Reid, 

(Private & Confidential) 

Shangri-La International 
42 ChevaJ Place 
London SW7 1EW 


A Time to Temp 

What do you lode for from temporary work? High 
rewards, certainly —but more besides? The question is 
valid, because in today's market, you do have a choice. 
Our own temporaries form an exclusive, high calibre 
team: our dienede amongst the most prestigious In 
London. With good skills, quite frankly; you can make 
good money anywhere. Rut if you want the best, in 
evoiy sense, then give me a calL Sara Dyson, on 01-493 

Gordon Yates Ltd. 

35 Old Bond Street, London W1 

(Recruitment Consultants) 

Tet 01-623 2228 



Anqeelteffl opportunity for a tinoftt young secretary with 

□DOfl Skltte tn UHVk ac nan nf Hid martatHin Inm m 

T *? 11 uwjumawir ren a unuiu young secreoy wnn 

grad state to worit as pari of me marketing team tn a 
jeaarog television company. Tie job is varied end interest- 
mg mtn log of cfem lajsoti. organisation of panes 2 nd 
spots emefUntnenL There are excellent promotion pros- 
pects Witten Uus loo television group for the enthusiastic 
and energetic. Relevant expenence useful. Please cad: 

01-499 6566 


• ‘ ^ ^ li) 

27+ £9-£1QJ>00 

ft ndure shorttend Sec is re- 
rafed to ion a srnSQ lean ol bro- 
kers An abibty to use nftanre 
and accBrt restxmabUjr s 
SKongty rtosoBd. vey wnad (to- 
nes bi a GOngento twrUng 
ernmnmert. Eusltait peris 
indude LVs. STLS. person 
sdaane etc. 

cm 1 - 01-431 2345 
WEST END: 01-938 2388 

111 IK I * 

j. .. A - 



Bond St Bureau, a 
long established and 
successful staff con- 
sultancy with many 
prestige clients has 
an opening for a new 
consultant to join a 
small and friendly 
team. A proven track 
record in a related 
field plus a profes- 
sional but 

sympathetic ap- 
proach to people is 
required. Attractive 
negotiable salary 

Please call Audrey 
MacCurtain on 629 

22 South Motto o St, W1 


Enthusiastic, hard- 
working secretary 
with initiative and 
agreeable appearance 
used to working un- 
der pressure required 
for busy Landscape 
Design practice. 
Book-keeping PAYE, 
shorthand and Word 
processing experience 
essential. A-levei edu- 
cation with 

knowledge of Latin 
for plant ordering re- 
quired. Good salary 
for the right person. 
Please Reply to BOX 





required to work for 
busy female partner 
in small Bloomsbury 
firm of solicitors. Le- 
gal experience 

necessary. Wang WP 
experience useful but 
not essential. Salary- 
negotiable. Ring 01- 
631 4141. 



Required for small but 
interesting office in Wl. 
Good shorthand, audio, 
typing and WP S k il l s re- 
quired We also use an 
IBM - XT with Lotus 1-2 
3. Small London 
Company subaduary of 
international Financial 
Service Group- Salary 


Rina 01-408 1856 And 
ask for GtUian Rees or 
send c\ to her ar Ute 4tti 
floor. 15 Stanhope Gale. 
London W1Y6AB. 

To £10,006 

The freedom to plan your 
own day. discuss 

lots Dl good enmoany. Wit., 
vour excellent WP skills you 
will appreciate the computers 
we have in our new offices in 

Come and run out small 
bureau you mil find n 
very lewarflmg. 

'Call Doreen for details mm. 

938 2151 i 


First rate 

the City. 

• An excellent opportunity 
forthe right person 

c. £10,000 
(8 month contract) 

An experienced senior secretary Is remitted for a presa- 
gtous intemattonal company. Aged mkl to late 20*5. you 
will have exceltau secretarial skills to Include shorthand- 
typtng. word processing and audio. 

If you enjoy meeting people and thrive on a busy and 
varied environment, this will be an excellent opportunity 
for you to exercise your o r g anisa tional and discretionary 
abilities. Please tetepbcme Jennie Baker: 

01-734 8466 



Several very VH'?'" 

interesting bookings -ALT' 
available tor . Ik 

immediate start. 

Please Otmeoaos)) 

contact Octavia — - — -V 

or Amanda at -- -^ 

8 J Crawfords 

(Rec Cons) od:- 935 9692. 

Rol Floor 89 WJgmore Sheet Lowkn WIH SLG 01-935 9692 

.. 4 • A long term assigiment m the 

* Personnel Department of a 
major City banking firm. 

9&8b 98 Flexibility and personality, as 
wdl as good SH/WP skills, are 
a must 


Victoria Martin beCietaneS 

today 01*4390601 




Sound shorthand/typing with excellent 
communications skills are required, as 
well as ttie ability to work under pressure 
in this office at the heart of the hotel 

To apply please write enclosing full C.V. 
to Anne Phillips, Personnel Manager, Le 
Meridien London Piccadilly, Piccadilly, 
London W1V OBH. 

6*y fir* Looted *** ,£* * 

W ce we started to ge* x 

our temporaries *, ^ V / 

front » ■ 9 _ f[ ) 

Senior^ \$WT ¥ 

Secretaries L UX' - 

PA in Marketing 

An exoting rcportunty to uby a lay rale in Die marketing depart- 
ment ot an H rtEm aunm health care group. 

The posiwn s to wok for the Dreaw at Mariceting. Goodsecrc- 
tanal stalls rahnSng sfcwtaand. pleasant Wephona mmnar and a 
boom pasonahty is essanaL 

Please wnte. enctosmg a lull CV. or Bfepftone tar further (totals to 
Lu Ryde. AM Heattti Care La 4-7 Cornwall Tarrate. London NWl 
4QP. Ql-486 1266 


Excellent opportunity ror experienced secretary to run a snail 
company. Sates and marketing sklUs are essential. AppU cants 
must be self-motlvaEed. resilient and willing to work hard 
with little direct supervision. Current driving license neces- 
sary. Office in CUswick. Salary negotiable. 

(t'raten appHaanm only un 

David Jenkins. 

33 Cork Street, Loftdon W1X 1HB. 


(No shorthand J 

We are a leading City management selection company, 
specialising In servicing the banking market, 
tn line with our company's conttnulng growth we need a 
lively, hard working young Secretary to loin the support 

Providing back-up to the Consultants, your work win be 
varied and demanding, and will require fast accurate typ- 
ing trait along with a good telephone manner. 

If you would like challenging and rewarding work in a 
hectic team atmosphere, call os now ok 01-688 6644 - 
speak to FeUctty Hother. 

Anderson, Squires Lid. 

Rank Recruitment Specialists, 

127 Cheapside. 

London EC2V 6BU. 

aware Kina 


EARNING £11,000 pa? 

An experienced secretary with WP skffls within the 
Caroline King temporary team can expect to earn in 
excess of tne above while enjoying a variety of 
ass ignments in afl areas of London. We also have a 
great demand for shorthand, audio and copy skiBs. 
Please telephone Brenda Stewart on 

SeniorW A" 


tmohsoeniT/vcsrewoMWOoec X. — * \ 


The fist-numbers to ring ' . “ • 


Tlus is a tremendous opportu ni ty to join a fast expantAng 
marketing team In an award whining investnwnt Co. Tbs 
ideal cancfldate wH have good educational quafificafioro 
and a sound ma rt e g t i ng background with the abBBy to act 
on initiative and cope with A dynamic and hectic atmo- 
spherB. Your flair and mental aglfily will be used fey more 
than secret ari al tasks- Age « • ffff 

c SemorW 
& JXZ*™ 01 Secretaries 


! A leading, hnernmional oflim technology ccrapuy Deeds a sclP 
sinter to become an integral pan of a ssccessfirl team nmurm 
an ambitious project- Bared in Ibex new shosMUoni yon wtB 
nm the office, demonstrate Ibe latest computers (training will be 
given), arrange customer Uafadna l egi o ns and senainara. pet 
invovled m sales and provide minmal secretarial support loue 
Director. Skills of B0/60/WP. 'A* levels, smart a p p earan ce and 
the ability 10 wot* in a pressurised but stimulating environment 
essemiaL Age 27-32. Salary cXI 1.000 + Bonus Please aUfc- 

434 4512 

Crone Corkill 


99 Regent Street W1 

NOT A 9.00 to 5.00 JOB 

This opening with Management Consultants is 
fora PA. 20 -22 years with high aspirations and 
total commitment. Wori will be varied, interest- 
ing and pressurised. Exc. skills. SH not essemiaL 

583 0055 MEREDITH SCOTT Rec Coos 


Required for leading Wl Advertising Agency- 
Must have accurate typing, minimum 50 wpm, 
and emoy working as pan of a team (sacHt- 
hand is not necessary). Pfcasent, friendly 
working environment Age 20+. Good salary, 
plus benefits. . 

Hum Mtpbtw Sarah Brawn « 

. 01 636 5060. 


> SALARY £9,000 
interesting ted varied 

work >dtb Ptwdotber- 

.apfets and Doctor m 
Ortbopaedlc Practice. 
Previous Medical ex- 
perience esse ntial .' 
Applicants should be 
under. 35. ' 

Telephone ' . 'V 

01-636 3830 


•J r/J [< i 



cltZOGO pa 

Haor London MvoKJng Group <*■ 

Ip i ore and h^dy aonctiw 
OMomiMy hr caw mndad se* 
motniaM ptnoHMy. 35 sk unto 
tngma napKHl rapaar» lot atewp 
romog of Gawd 011x4 iPriudnQ 
Amoral adnui and itcmtmt 
Sipti tera wg ro angi a nd ma bofc 
catBpanunra. deni rt¥Ttafl dc. 
TgmB radm bet bxiigniinL 
IxoanaHy ml ramui panmon. 

—01 -589 8807— 

a n ■_! 1- ,.U 1 .1 flaw 

trniu q mn 11 11^ 1111 91 3TIJ 



Jon the spnoadstn \ 
ftwata prac#n»/NHS A 
i Ctaca ot bookings y 
M araai ot London a 
Ezcnftnt ratss + bonus M 

T * J Sf5^ , « BS i 5 

—-MEDICAL — ^ 


To £9,000 

if you would enjoy work- 
ing a pari of a team in a 
young lively environ- 
ment where your admin- 
istrative sfciBs and 
organising ability would 
be apredaled loin lids 
smalt, wholesale fashion 
company In Wl. No 
shorthand Is needed. 
Opportunity to tram as a 
Wang opperator. Age 

of Bond St. 

Recni-tmenr Consultamj 
Knt5 in. rim n Fmou 

Personnel £7,580 + 

i n tBma ttw i a l Mayfair Co re- 
qures bright c/I with 90/50. 
Lots of nriratm A good 
sense ot humour to tran in 
an aspects of Sec duties ind 
WP. EXC promotion pros- 
pects. Delate 01-499 SZ74 
Stove MHs (Rap Cam) 


£10£t» 4- BOOBS 

Ha is dynsne with a tege ego 
hui easy to dram .. heading in 
to toe Ewopean Qperamns ol 
the Canadai Money Broters. 
You wfl organise semnarc. 

keep tabs on the dealers, be 
mt at wmaMaa i erm- 
ines and mdy thnve an lire 
dynamism of ms natural 

The «s a career ojportuney lor 
toe PA wira has good state 
81-831 0666. 


(Audio wtfl suffler) 

To bod of deoerinwni lor 
sate of overseas property. 
Lively west End otOee. 
would suit person wnti «- 
Irovert personality cawtrir of 
working on own intttaUvr. 
Later opportunity, if desired. 
Id sen property and travel 

(No Agencies) 


HgNy confidenttd work for a 
pomcal or gani salion dung 
the hectic 2 yoar period i*j to 
an eleeboa Is not the job for 
everyone. However. V potitks 
fasaaies you. you sound 
good an the teteptmw aid are 
confidant tint you cookf 
oryasse functions, and tese 
vtiili tbe House of Cannons, 
don't miss t)x& golden oppor- 
taraly. Good sdis needed. 
Start at £7,000. 

of Bond St. 

Ha SS. M4 tearta 




with some admin. To en- 
toy this busy environment 
you need to be young, 
weikspoken. vivacious and 
of good a ppearance. Ex- 
perience of Monarch 

Call Lucy Tierney on 
01-439 4177 



Ttas prestamus Cdy merchant 
bank a bn^t capa- 
ble Secretary nho wads to 
piognss into a more arim an s - 
trotne role. Based m modem 
Open pt» offices, assist too 
oaming executives ton travel 
axtensMdy. They m 3 rely an 
yoo to handlB iB probtams and 
queries n tow absoxa. is 
wed as apansing fhgMt. ac- 
coromriikiian and itBnnnes. 
EaaBsn company benefits to- 
dude a suinaksed nortgae. 
Rnay s tettand aid typing 

M « mom an 


iK feai ^Hfc 





TriBnpura PA sec so*- tor 
MB of flMnctM roamnaucy 
WC2- EagiMi / French, 
shorthnml SO/BO. Demand- 
revtew after a month*. 
Phone «ar «*re or tm 
■ 5168. 135 Oxford Street Dec 

I Tf j/ ' V J 

cXI 0,500 

A prestigious Desgo Com- 
paiy in 9V8 is kxtaig tor an 
irteBpent and discreet sscre- 
taiy with a happy disposition 
to work tar their Managing 

You wd he pravidmg a M 
support rate to your boss, 
orgnsng bis day, looking 
Av darts and doing some 
personal work. You should 
also be ftenbte enough to 
b eta out w Mi some office 

ABhough tbe fob is not overty 
presarasd, K is my busy 
md wold std someone wfr 
organsed, wMi an eye tor de- 
tail aal a sense of humour. 
Aqe 23+. Speeds: 100/60. 




£ 8 , 000 + 

Dynamlc American Man- 
agement ConsuHancy 
offers career poattkM with 
unlimited dtad Kateon. 
Luxurious offices and pe»- 
erons benefits taichidfng 
haute cuisine restamnL 



Founder Ralph Vaughan Williams 

The Administrator needs a part lime assistant 
Tuesdays, Wednesdays. 9.3Qam-5.30pm, not ne- 
gotiable. Additional foil or half day by 
arrange men L Excellent shorthand and typing 
speeds essemiaL Experience with the preparation 
of complex committee documents desirable. May 
suit a person with legal experience. Salary depen- 
dant on background and ability. Please reply in 
writing with CV to: 

The Administrator 
RVW Trust 

28/29 Southampton Street 
London WC2E 7JA 

■UTUK 5CC With good tfMTI- 
band / typing requlcd for 
nwusatHm in KngMsMidoe. 
iteeding tart time ■ 4 <t*ya a 
week i help Phone O V Setec 
Bon i rec coos i Ol B2B 8S4S. 

PMrr-TMc KracTwrY. Nero- 
M as PA lo Managing Director 
or small limnology based com- 
pany. Horn and salary 
*«9Mtabte. Ptease send m to: 
OuiH Unuied. 18a Nortiumo- 
JW Stuue. London ECiV 



Call us aid find 
out why you should. 
Obviously we pay 
the highest rates. 

Diane Jessop 

01-583 0055 

Meredith Scott 

.17 Rut Si. LemAm FC4Y iaa 
\T* BI-S83 /«V«U5 J 

Monal co « Chancery Lane 
stantng Mon 19m. Pteaw can 
377 3666. WordPhB - The WP 

ctnmi for cmnw. kiw 

work . wH studenis 17 - ZZ 
Covetu Garden Bureau. HO 
FK« EC4. 3035 7696 

LEX 11. Guaranteed forward 
teroo bookings PLease ran 377 
3666 WordPlus ■ Tbe WP 

rannix m ii t«bo *aB 

reqrared roraCwy bank. P i ea rn 
ran 577 2666. woranus - The 

A NaDoaa) arm of Char- 
tered Surveyors hi 

Mayfair mutee a 

-young. Intelligent and 
'willing person for gen- 
eral office assbianL 
-Please reply u> BOX 

Stem I ART reuwrea for Harley 
Street Denial Surgeon. Thurs- 
days. varying (ram half lo one 
day per week ABPMcazK re- 
Otres organising ability, 
tmuanye. warm personaluy I 

and telronooe manner. Tele. Iuhui m 

Phone Ascot 21430 or 61 - 43 B I oV Slf 

Wine Bar nerd expmenerd 
cook. Would suit perron in imd 
ZO's iooo am. uu 2.00 pm. 
Monday to Friday. £90 OO n.w. 
gross, can David oi-asi 0366 

PA Pan nme (o begin wTOi. 1 
Oe ner a d uiicv London Area. 
Ol 937 OBH 

EXCmNGLT BUSY with PnblMh- 
ing. Media. Business WnrkJ and 
PR booktflfia WP, 9/H. audio 
and copy lemps ■ loin us todayi 
Cos coi Garden Bureau, no 
Pteei at. EC4. 5B3 7696 



18 - 21 to work in 
West End shop 
specialising in coun- 
try clothing. Some 
experience usefoL 

Please ring Mss Cox: 

01-499 4411. 




Applications are invited for the post of CoReqe 
Principal, h is expected that trie successful appli- 
cant wtQ taka up foe appointment on or before 
foe 1st January 1987. 

Salary - £25,075 p.a. plus emoluments. 

The dosing dale for appfications (no forms) win 
be 30th May 1986. Further details may be ob- 
tained from foe Chief A d m inis tr at ive Officer, 
Bubnershe CoPege of Higher Education, 
Woodans Avenue, Earley, Reading, Berks, tele- 
phone (0734) 663387. 

Berkshire County Counci is an equal opportunity enqripyer. 


Sonny, fatty route. T.V. 
CSS B.W, 01-232 1277 tm. 
SWl4.grd Or rural bunaLDS 
pw. Onm or Co tel praf. Tel: 
Ol 876 8616 

Krosteotoo * HaHand Park. ISM7 is floor 1 betom. races. 
Hoi orGo Lets. 70:22] 7083 T. I KU. £12Spw. Lopg lec. 

Hoicodc A CD BSd 0883. 
city wanted. NW London. AU I SW DMe brddi. ptvme. kit. rrdec. 
altera coratoered.O! ABO 2276 | £dz pw. amen loo 827 2610 
mm. ctrannfag two doutoc 
MdroeiTMd naa. 2 mantes Earn 
Court In oiM and rxtlutfvr vtl- 
lage. Ognapftny m. il-OOOpcm. 

JHWBte Sommer 089 582 3086. 

NW 3 Mdraa nousc. 2 NCR TV. 
waTOer. XI ?c pw. Oltwrs 627 
3610 Haatetocaun T days 

Experienced Eft/Secre- 
Ury required Hot Sole 
Praamooer In Fleet 
Steeel wan ■ varied and 
Interesting workload. 
Must be able lo work on 
own infflattve. Salary c. 

SUB Lgo ttiiraeth* 3 Bed 2 oaths 
(l eremite) Mtuy oaL AH ame- 
nlfies. 2 nun itettbRMCMS 
parking. £230 pw. 573-9987. 

KIN MOttMairaN. LmWy A DM 
■tufly h w e. 2 rocso. amirt f 
ML 2 bttttis. 80R south Mag 
gsrten.sdt C2BOpwaeg.Td: 





ClklK Outotaodtog BM» or « 
one- ta La nahn. a min* Rum 






The finest beachfront apartments 
with award- winning tropical 

&rt * n s , in the 130-acze estate of 
the 5-star Don Carlos Hotel 
.Acclaim ed as one of the most 
toprcssjve projects in Southern 

Facilities: International Tennis 
Centre, Swimming pools, Riding 
twahte. Beach & wateesports. 

w-SStLPS 0 ** 1 ** teaira >tt 

Nightlife, Boutiques. Gymnasiu m . 
Conference centre. Heated pooL 
Compieie man a g em en t services 
and 24-hour security. 

Price guide: X80,000-*200.000. 

Athenaeum Hotel, 
Piccadilly, London Wl 
Devonshire Suite 
TLOO-9-OO pm. 

For detaib ting: 0722 330847 


The unspottt and sunny southern prtrae location. 1 
bedroom fully furnished with bed settee for pri- 
vate coownership limited Bo twelve participants in 
monthly terms ranging from £4.0(X>£ Free- " 
hold purchase and available from October 1986. 
Tel: (0695) 421730 eves 


2 Bod Rat I0i mina 
from dty. 

Quick sale. 

aloha golf club 


tounoe. parage. h aau-oom. am- 
U»0 HtOcn tauddi I acre 
UMd. £40000. MHb 01-432 
1552 between 6-7 pjn. 

Pedro -MatticUa. « bedrooms. a 
bamroerna. swimming pool. 
Mature large garden. For sals 
bod tor mu sao 01 so. 

to atnr on to neirr in France. 

vuuv, booses. No-fns. etc. 
Write nFNt ftmtar W*g 47. 
06000 Francfort - ILFJL 



Conveyancing by City Solicitors 

For buying or selling your borne in the usual 

For buy: 
way, we 

your home in the usual 
(+ VAT. and disburse- 

ments) for prices up to £60,000. Please 
telephone us for a quotation on figures higher 
than that. We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 



Fee bnync or srifing yjnr home 
we ebarp a FLATFSB of £300 
<* VAT g Dri l MWi i rs I *) M 

pupil**— g lflftjfWMI r^ain^ . 

tote quota cmer CIOOJXXL 

01-472 265213 

Long lean. 3 bah. 2 tans. 

t eamoa / a wr. tape tom 
ttw atoten. Frinstad pn- 

81-06 OZ2. WMfctapL 


little Vtlnct opportunity to 
uveat la 1 <4 me uotegu sought 

from -me marina at 
ro w cable.' Details from 

I - j —'. mro rj ■ -tH 

bee, 3 bom. on ore. i.'i apt. on 
private — v ««h lw hiunia g 

pnone C2SS 738380. 

Afl caMe. Spain. Tcfc tttO 34 1 
83 3796. 

COmnc DENMARK on btand. 
onmun E26Qpm.3—UBac—- 
Ofend. son rider 0843 583636 



.-If you are p ro p e rty 
hunting in -London 
and. are:. , • , 


Contact ns & we will 
find the right property 
for you 


Far buying or afeu year home 
« charm 2 FUTFS of £200(4- 
VAT & wtunme] on pnor- 
Ok ip £100000. CotoSb 
quotes owr £100000. 

01-472 2652/3 




A selection of one and two bedroom duplex apartments finished to a hi^i 
standard including aQ kitchen appliances and high quality fully furnished 

Leasehold 125 years. Low service charges. Parking spaces available. 
Show flats available for inspection on the evening of 15 May. 4-7pm. 

For brochure contact joint sole agents. 

P 1t^ood SS 

Chartered Surveyors 
01-89 oOm 

3PennyfieMs London EM 8HP 
01-536 *921 

EALMO. DdJgrtifm Edwardian 
family Mote to quiet road. 3 
huge rveeps. modmi kitchen. 5 
bwwow i . luxury bathroom. 
W 5278. 

FULHAM (near Parsons Gnoi). 
AQracttve mrimlM four fit- 
IM a MroonM flat wtth 
cntimaay and west facing 
mm n rebar £97.000. Tele- 
phone 01-731 7331. 

MFS2, ABOA1X ROAOl Oiarmlns 
m floor conversion nat dose 
rube. Outet residential ut» 
Tuny refurbished. 2 beds. lifted 
Mlctien. £69.950. Viewing. TeL 
Ol 740 7681 OT Ol 631 4666. 

Byle 3 tM tor. Filled kh. pnvMeor pknt CIdk la nwraad new nitoay. 
®S* EM. Nea 2 bed rad of inr bic in waterside dev el opment. Gw c -h- 

£U®2* Hf**®"?* E HtF ol, 5* c BTfc 1 •*< Ruod I*. P"WMor pta*. C1«e la mcraod new railway. 
£77^88. CSppm Qnajr, Wc of Dogs £14. New 2 bed rad of lor toe in waterside development. Gw oh- 
prtvaie car pkng. ^ 

Oawsm(hcK^M«mflA.(l8A, UlearD^>EI4. Uniqac brand new 3/4 batnaiownfaeoaihe basks of the 
Tbame* *nb (pcoantbr vew. DMc BE- 2 baihnra. y drawn* no. 

01-790 2777 

MMPOIJEST. Attractive wi flat. 
Compact, well decorated. 2 
beds. 66 year lease, ideal Pled a 
Terre. ono. For oukk 
vale. 486 3333. No aerate. 

CHHEWKK WA Superb 2 bee 
g ar den M in Grove Park. 
£80 000 for quick sale. Tel: Ol 
995 1941. 

OAMJCMFLATWll 2db!ebed$. 
recsL kiUMth. walled garden. 
CH. tee 96 Vre. £75.000 AMbo- 
ny HU t, Co 229 0072. 

HOLLAND PAS*. Cractous 2 
bed. 2 bam lop floor flu unlim- 
ited views. CMm. £176.000. 
Tel: 01-727 0722. 

rtifpiw ite 


bedrooraed Edwardian send. 
cmafnaJ features- Pwenuai lor 
fiat Nr i-Ulage. lube, schoote. 
No aomte. £229.000 Day Ol- 
382 6903 Eve 946 2969. 

CLAPKAM ma. 3 bed mod Vw 
house 5 mins Titoe. Loc creep, 
kd. plus oarden. Oukk use re- 
quired. CT7JMO. Ol 735 7228 
levn w'endai. 

KD0SNCTON. Luxury qdn fUL 
2 bed. tounoe. fc 6 b. e/phone. 
Ocb- Recent conversion. Lease 
97 years, dote tube. £68.930. 
Tel: 01-587 0208 lw, r & eves). 

TERSEA. SW1 1 3 Bed terraced 
home, dbte recep. lue kU/b'fatr 
room, offers £96-000. F.H 
Abbocsbury Estates. 381 6677. 

Modem demcticd house. 4 beds. 
2 oaths. 5 recep. Ige fitted KU. 
utility. WC cu garage. Dm 
ataed. GCM. Attractive 7on 
Siradng garden. Close golf 
course Nr. MeL Line and BR 
s t Ho n. £166000 on o F. H. Ol 
428 2100. - 

ACTON Best part. Huge sunny 
S/D resto e nea. 12 rooms. 4 
Bamrcxxns. OriginN can (ran 
firepl a c es a f enures Splendid 
crifrtgt etc. Wide sweeping 
•ana*. Large gwdrn. Offers 
over £185000. Qmck sale. TBI: 
01-993 2281. 

■LOOHlUnr WCL BritfB 1 bed 
Oaf In p/b Mock close Russell 
Sq. Needs updating. LtfL. porter. 
CH. CHW. £55000. Frank 
Harris A (to Ol 387 0077. 

BUMMSaUrr «Cl Freehold 
Georgian building. Shop and 
resklemui upper non. 
£156.000 Frank Ham* a Co 
Ol 387 0077. 

bedrooraed sunk shower room, 
oath room. 2 recepuoo. kitchen 
and breakfast room, pa no and 
parage. £176.000 THM7 9096 

ngm Ral In presfiptora block. I 
Bed. recep. kM/blbw room. 
B ath ro om. tTfo.soo gn.o. tor 
ouick sale. PhoneDl 9369995 
DUKE STREET Wl. 3.4th floor 
maleonetlr. for sate. 3 rooms. 
KMcn A bam. rent £2500 pax. 
Me for sale. David Menzfes As- 
sociates 01 491 7777. 

gjs SI 

gam s 





FTeetato wuaue S fbong tomny 
notne on large eo n anun garden. 
5 beds. 2 bats. dMe recep. dbv 
tng n» * f* loom on own 
garden <. GCH. OfTers around 
E4450CO. 01 777 9324 at 
We e kend. View Sun/Mon- 


MIL ur md d teir. dbl 
fronted. 3 storey Vlct hse In 
CasMonabie Lavender Gdns. 4 
recces. 6 7 beds. 2 kits. Shams 
Balcony, dining ™ born wtm 
French windows leading ioar- 
duded polio gdn. Sec glarina. 
CCH on ground fir. Lgerooi cef 
tor. Many ong feaiures 
£19&00a TeL 01 228 7561. 


Ground noor mateoevene. 
Recep. bed. dlntog room, kitch- 
en. bathroom, cellar, garden. 
£65.000 Tel: Ol 585 1 192 eves 

BARNES ***** “*T BeauHfuMy 
modernised Edwardian tomuy 
house m tree lined road leading 
u common. 4 beds, luxury 
bathroom, shower. kitchen, 
dining room, cellar. idUUy/WC. 
guing room eMembog Into ron- 
servatory wtm anoent 
grapevine. Burglar alarm, sun- 
ny garden A patio. £179.950. 
Tel: 01 876-7023- 

overlooking TooUng Beck Com- 
mon SW17. impresMv-esemi del 
Me pood order, trope to up- 
date Many original restores. 6 
dbte bedims. 3 bottoms. 2.3 
reads, known, sun rn. Ige cel- 
lar. CCH. oarage. 56* walled 
gaiden. £266000 F/h hma 
cock Throw ley 947 8377. 

Lo n do n Bridge. 3 superb Rais, 
brand new VKI conversion, 
each dMe bed. taattom. ige 
racers, esc kits, oven- hobs. ct>. 
fitted cuts. 1 with own gdn. m 
SEA Long hn from £39.000 
Rocadtlls Ol 681 8761 


DHREL IT SWIM frtmacuialr 
semi del Victorian house with 
off si parking tor 2 cars cel in 
sought after road m north Bat- 
tersea. 3 dMe beds, through 
reception. kitchen, breakfast 
rat. bam -wc. Ige gardens. 
£130.000 Freehold. John Doan 
A CO 228 I860. 

SW1I. Sunny spacious 2 bed 
(tot in Mansion block UR. por- 
ler. 998 year lease £87.600. 
No agetds T«: Ol 622 9638. 

A I A4fiOO Luxury 2 Bt dr uieu 
Freehold Carden Out on Quel 
Tree Lined Jrmlngham Road. 
SEl a. Just 12 ramuirs rail West 
End A CUy Own Carden- Cus- 
tom Bum kitchen. Fully toed 
bathroom & sep Cloaks. OCH. 
Law outgoings. 286 8000. 

iractlte Vlct hse in quM streeL 
ortg fea- 



Lag dsM 10 toy a bnpfr 9wo Swopds awaber me 

MMI matnto&Kd vtctorton In- 
tot 3 dMe b a diuu . Ol 
hflydtaer. thro toge. sth garden, 
natorav. 2 wc. shown- ep/s. 



Buying a house or an 
apartment In London bui 
nm*i spare Ox Ume and 

Id I he specialist 
Art (or you 

Ttkf*MBe401) 740 6527 
Tries <97121 

HUBURV NS 2 bed Victorian 
terraced cottage virtually re- 
Mdli. Now needs finishing 
touches hence price. £85.500 
lor super quteh salt Phooe Ol- 
686 0268 wee k e nd s dr after 
7.00 pm weekdays 

torian house. 3 bed. Ige recep.. 
hnc kU.cUn, lax bath. CCH. fid 
carpet. Gotten. Freehold. 
£110000. 01-943 2616 

WIN r a 1 bedroom flat, profes- 
sional neighbours. £80000 
Including fumuore. 7N OX -630 
9776 momec 01-236 9614 

in prime Canon bury location. 1 
bed. recep. 101 . bam. gas ch. 
Lonp toe. 3 nuns robe. £59 950 
Suckley * Kent. 01 359 0961. 
BUOU COTTAGE f OH Earts Court 
Road) 2 double beds, large 
kuchen. irw A rear gardens. 
untoUevably peaceful. 

Residents* parking. £127600 
Freehold. POLTrt & CO 499 

rangle DevetopmenO 2 storey 
del town hse. 3 beds. 2 bams. 
to* re qw. 2 aariuded Mr. pge. 
£25Q.a»_Howard Estate 289 

UVTUE VEMCE overtooMng Re- 
gents Canal- Fabukxn 

nuNoaetie. 3 beds. 2 bains. 38* 
raert. Mi bfst na. tong tee. of- 
tors In repon £ 
Anthony Hid A Co 229 0072. 
SLOANE ST. WL A spacious 
mod Ral to Bus attractive pb 
Mock . 3 beds. 2 receps. 2 baths. 

rooJ terr 7 yrs, Benia) CBLOOO 
pa. Premium £65000. Reed & 
Lewis 2 44 8377. 

AVEMwE RD NWV Qegani 1 bed 
flat In mans block. DMe racpL 
w Poggenphal ML long toe. 
£140.000 Howard Estates 289 

CLAXHAM PARK, spacious 5 
bedroomed. 2 bathroom Vic- 
torian House. Original mims 
Elegant flra floor drawing 
room. Ftdly fitted kitchen. 
CCH £127.000 Tel: Ol 720 
1798 today, evenings. 

CLAFHARI SOUTH Cromid floor 
mateoneae. tong lease. 1 ,2 bed- 
rooms. MtWon room. Css 
C.H. ConvRUrnl for tube. 
£84-250 Tri:0l-673O241 eras 



CLAFNAM m— OR WesWde. 
Viet spacious swu-ipv-ei mats, 
nr tube 2 beds, large bgM 
recen. dtofro. WC + Bam/WC. 
New KH. 96 yr toe £85.500. 
353 9961 Off. 350 1508 borne 

tortan family bourn. 4. a bed. 2 
baths flensullei 3 -2 recep. ige 
fcfl/bkfsx no. dotes, ptaymom 
& cellar. 900 S racing garden. 
£216000. Tel; 01-672 7224. 


ntLKJUL Pkw fla at HbP. ON 
brim iBcm « * B </6 raoda 
C1 00 pp . 


HlUk. K + B SRL QW- 1 

RinmH SUMog 

dSSoTtaS « W 3 — .* 

mm. In K e B. (W> Od)r IZM 

TyHAKS 01-736 5503 




i gga sj a 

flat la stuiuduu Regency ter- 
race comprlstnp a m«i 


: I I J - ? 


.Moments from Coven l 
Garden and Trafalgar 
-Square a sriecUon of so- 
perb folly furnished one 
bedroom fiats to Jet. pro- 
riding ideal pied a tenres 
or company fiats. Lift, 
porterage, £185 .per week 
(per fiat) radnsive. Long 
Lets, Limited Companies 

935 0190 

I? Plaza Estates 





-^.m /'5‘> 

i -Ht-* y v 

i, mil 



Set 'l our 



1 11. I ,-ltmj \ S vii( - - - 

l'5-Is^ K ni;;htsbrid^<- 
1 .oiidon S\l 1 




AfMflrt SL SWL Attraetne 
mty te grd n maeonetfe one 


Hampton & Sons 

6 Arlington Street, London SWIA IPIB 

01*493 8222 






Palace Comt is nmatcd oppose Kensington 
Palace Gardens and dree ra die Perk. 
r reoi an dc P ro pan e. have restored E family 
apaftmesxts with azetoieuin 

tfae wana atOK^bae and fine decal of an 
Edwardian budding whilst incorporating 
luxury modern facilities. Thar his been 
particular emphasis orr- 

• spadom balk with working fireplaces. 

• fully fitted modem latcbciAitaiijsr rooms. 

• e x tensive cupboard and storage spates. 

* large weB-finished tuibracms. 

• panelled doors. 

• specialist decorations. 

* restored fibrous piasterwork 

ftassibty unique, even to accommodation of dns 
standard, b die provision of a residential manage? 
meat office fully equipped to service da: day m 
day re qui re m ents of tenants. This also 
incorporates mans opnonal services mdudmg a 
folly equipped laundry, valet. Ux and secretarial 


103 Kensington Cborcb Street London W8 
Td: 01-7276663 Tdoc 916048 

ACCOMMODATION : 2 no 4 bedrooms 
AREAS; l2N.lto275Hsq. ft. (112 to 255 sq.m.) 

LEASEHOLD: 124 vran 
PRICES: fiom OJU.IU1 to tt25.tKW 

Sue office open today M.IXtam-TIXlpni Fremantle Properties 77 Palace Court. Tel: 01-777 391 1 

JoudAgm tt 

1 39 Skunc Street London SW I 
Td: Ul-7W 0822Tdc*: 89704* 

Savoy Court 

A complex of just 9 purpose built luxury duplexes and apartments 
crowned by a splendid 4 bedroom penthouse. A fully furnished 
show flat is open every day. Prices are from £365,000. 

St Regis Heights (illustrated) 

St Regis Heights is a slightly larger block than Savoy Court but none 
the less impressive in standards of quality & finish. It comprises 
21 imaginatively designed homes including 2 and 3 bedroom flats 
and 3 bedroom diplexes and penthouses. Prices are from £365,000. 

Firecrest Drive & Birch wood Drive 
In Firecrest Drive & Birch wood Drive you will find a selection 
of four and five bedroom homes in 3 different designs — each as 
spectacular as it is superbly appointed. Prices are from £395,000. 

SHOW fmqPB M E V Ea y DOT Sole selling agents: 


56Heam street Hammett Lomunmi36UG 

Tel: 01-794 1151 


MON-SAT Ktaa -Spa. 

SUN 2pm- 5pm. 

3U; 01*435 2307 


catchment, near Parte, 4 Ms, 3 
rents, nw dw rt. return 
original features. £97.260 ne- 
gotiable. can OI 274 0453. 


HoaawnM court m. su- 

oeft) 5 bed riaL 3 racep . 3 bain, 
large fitted kitchen/ breakfast 
rm. £320.000 dc offer Mr quick 
sale. Tel: OI 957 8682 


Ebpal Im Room. 

5 beds. 2 recepjqilU ievd 
wfUi French doors to 
gdn balcony. 2 baths. 1 
19c Jacuzzi cn suite. spa- 
cious UL dining rra 
leading to 60 ft SW fac- 
ing flood u gdn. 
Cloakroom. Alarmed. 
Ready for named, occ. 


603 3038/730 9125 

Compnsmg a maoBdecM loungs. 
will a cathedral cotng (30 ft 
Mi), and unkjn ovcrtiangmq 
g*eiy SMng doors 1o pfto 
garden. 3 beds, fmasur «rtft bal- 
cony offemg wens over London 
stows). 2 baths + sfeowra (i 
mtti twn pressure shaver 
pump), plus 1 downstairs dusks. 
Had. dmno nuni, modem 
MthCT/lmaloast All a rn w ite. 
Garage. Security system. Many 
extras. Secluded, kfeaf tor enta- 
tsmng. Must be seen to be 

E23B.0Q0 Freehold 
81 183 9931 uyftae 

OuM rrcetwU m a ndoo flat 
renovated ro provide 30 fL 
double recep. , 3 double bed*. . 
3 bams (l en suttee large 
kdClWK . tuning room. 

For early completion: 


01-584 1163. 

■UMSMSTON SWS Ctoamrtng 
Ime Hour on ground 14 A 
2nd On. 4 Bedroom. 4 bbDi- 
nan. 3 recep Lovely garden 
views. Air roxtdlKonmg CH. 
Freehold Pirn*. saiaooo. 
Ltarae LH OI 602 6554 
TREVOR PLACE KimtibZrldge 
SW7. 6 storey town hoop. >2 
yr toe. £iTO.oao. 
FtaL 3 bed. 2 Bams. 22* recep. 
70 yr tor. £140.000. LlnroSs 
Ltd 01 602 B664 
CHELSEA SW1 EieganL ebarm 
mg 5 storey house wMi twin 
rerage* Doegner decor. Ugbt 
west-racing drawing room. 86 
yr be £365.000. LlnrOM Ud 
OI 602 5654 


DMe one. FrMd £369960 
Reed A Lewie 344 8377. 

An exceptionally weg decors! 

cd A quietly peBUtoned I bed 
flat ideal for enwnuning. a? 
yr lease. £95.000. AMi Bam 
& Co 01-499 4010. 

Dreamful 2 bed oat ta modern 
block tnenootang Albert 
Bridge. Uw 89 swore. 
£198.000 CBS. 01-724 1019. 
nerb smdlo flat In a measanl DO 
Mock. Sbm M rra. bam & t-itctv 
eneBe. 900 yi *. £60 -000. Reed 
A Lewie 244 8377. 

SOUTH KE H SI HO TOM 2 bed flat 

recep. hfl/anung nn. knw 
WMOP. £210.000. BestOapp 

WARWICK BO. SB. A Ige gdn 
ft* will, mfneodotto met. 2 
bens, recep. feft.-b-ftf m.dMnu 
■nr*, bath. ISO yrs £93.960 
Reed A Lews 244 8377. 


A Rare Opportunity 
Prominent and 
prestigious Victorian 
detached family 
bouse with spacious 
rooms, staff 
lovely corner garden 
and double terrace. 
5/6 Bedrooms, 3/4 
Receptions. 2 Baths. 
Loft room. Cellar, 
Games room. 
Kitchen and large 

Substantial offers 

for the Freehold. 

•17. Station Parade Key 

01-940 7676 " 


I J 2f | | ’ [ I . I l,-1 ; 

Superb, wwty converted 3 
bedraomed penthouse with 
2 baths (i en sure), and 
rod terrace. 125 yr fee 

Tet 01-328-1016 


-woturt &Tiuendate 

HGRBAlf HUME. SpKbcrtar 
modm (tef resdm a qud ail dp 
pc leaunQ mew bHfem wtn lux- 
in en sure uathrm & roofterr. 3 
bntia beams. 2 tutaa tubna 

Dbto Mfem nae nn. dmg rm. 
mornog rm. gajJaicd stuty Kn,Hla 
rm. m*ty rm. p» cJi DW5 498. S*- 
tbOte gdn FMd tOOOOO 

01 348 8131 

find noor 2 bedroom flat New- 


. f 

'iw- i. 




Ohm hem or 2% Uidm Joint lac— i 
1% aarlgww — la C120MO 

la £1S«JOOO far qa A H»fc» i Appflcaata 
• BORAS ladHp avaDaHo aver £30^100 

Ring 01-235 0691 

for firee, independent and sensi- 
ble mortgage Selection guide. 

Financial Services 

25a Motcomb Street 
London SWl 

Open unta 8 pan. today 


Offer a complete service to those wishing to boy a 
property in London. We wjfi seek out, inspect and 
shortlist property to suit yon, and can arrange the sur- 
veying. conveyancing and interior design if required. 

Consult us. We will save-yon time, trouble and money. 

TeL 01-235 5504 

.W -*>■' 

-Uli-i ' fc'rs 'i X/f-.r. - 



[t RSTu il 

MfaMesboroaRfa devetand 

{E4l4Mih»« Owr 23 Til 

Can rm convey yov praperty for a tee al E24S (plus VAT and 
■Sstunonents) for prtces up (0 £80.000. Prampt «ntn U Mi R twa 
Bven for then and htfwr pmed propertis. 


moussomm clekbaiil 
T dopfeMMC (8642} ftt82G5 

houses for first-lime buyers. It now offers 
a choice of 150 different house styles, 
ranging from contemporary bungalows 
to Tudor, Georgian and Regency. Many 
of the variations are little more than 
details; and a house can be M Tudorized M> 
externally quire simply, but h is still an 
impressive choice and appears to be 
what the buyer wants. 

“It is the individuality of the braises 
that attracts . people to our 
developments,*’ Leslie Spencer, sales and 
marketing director, says. “We aim to 
provide the highest possible quality at 
the price the first-time buyer can afiord. 
Hopefully that first-time buyer will then 
be ours for life, progressing from the first 
rang of the ladder with a two-bedroom 
semi-detached house at £21,950, trading 
up through our range as time goes by to a 

bedroom executive 
less than £90.000 - in sharp contrast to 
the price of such a house in the Soutb- 
East - and they are attracting not only 
local professional people, hank, managers 
and building society managers included, 
but also London commuters. 

Barratt responded quickly to the 
adverse publicity it received, and last 
year launched its “premier” collection 
after carrying out a comprehensive 
review of housing and asking buyers 
what they wanted. The result was a 
recognition of the need for a high quality - 
of design, greater visual appeal, more 
comfort and -more choice, and the 
collection has more than 50 styles and 
sizerfiom singlfr-bcdnKmrstadio houses 
to six-bedroom Georgian style houses. ~ • 

Barrett's award-winning Dulwich 

of luxury. The c om pany says the trade* 
down market is attracting ^riiort: and 
mere interest ^frma couples whose chil- 
dren have now. left home. They do not 
need as much space but they want more 
luxury, and Ideal has developed these 
smaller homes on two developments. 

At Crawley Down, Sussex* 19 two- 
bedroom link detached houses are being 
bu3t m five styles and costing around 
£70,000: fak Nqrthampson^ --a group of 
eight two-bedroom bouses u bong built 
on an up-market development of three- 
bedroom and feorbechooxit detached 
properti e s, and win be ready by die 
summer at a cost of abont £5QttJ0& Ideal 
Homes regards these two development s 
as the stare of this tsad&davaboBxaad 
expects to startfinther schemes aS ovcr 
tbc country. . • 

Formal Garden Square 
in South Kensington 

A unique selection of exclusive luxury 
apartments each of 2 or 3 bedrooms 

Newly converted by Berkley House PLC 



features include Resident Uniformed Partezi lifts 
Tknaces; L ong Leases; Low Out going ? 
Prices £128.000-£320,000 

View today and daily 11am to 7 pm: 

LONDON SW5 (01-244 8253) 



. 01-5817654 




01-373 8425 


Cottages. Casfles. Manors 
or Mansions. Each mo nt h 
hundreds of period homes 
for sale. To subscribe tot 

The Hi s toric BuBOngs Co, 
ChafahM GU24 WO 

Tel 0990S-798W612S 

REAfWW. auM read. V near 
LnKeraty. town centra, ant 
mswaL 9 rams br. tpamumt 
Ion SO mtirO. Near Thamo 
Vans' wontryside. wtortan 
house. 4 Mds. study. Htfng rm. 
anting rm. Lae rear rm with 
windows on S sides and sky- 
nghts. ooenim on 10 oanlcn. 
Beamed ceUtng. 130 n mature 
gen. from evden nowras- 
Shower tro.WC dowmtan. 
bathroom, sep WC upswra. or 
Im region of £99.600. Tel: 
Leader. 0734 auoGi lejWeu. 


Luxury 4 bed. 2 btfi ^"Qst 
new Charles Church house on 
pnsflgious dmtopemMt. S 

IW» f™ 1 * *** . ” g 
Braeta* London VtgrtcnKt 
mins. HeaBirow 20 mjis. 
Close to M3. M4 end M2S. 


M0344 4K CM 
<20344 589 33 

modem family noose wan far 

rear rung views and specious 

H *8h’*r*AD tows Bngra 3 bed- 



ntwomiu. s to nta i n/ askie 
Rtver Tbs. in. approx 4Vi 
acres. Beautlfolty restored 
wttta foU oU ftred CH and 2 
wood burning stoves. Ex- 
posed beams. 4 bedroom s 
fprovtetoB sat many. 3/4 
reoepdons. 3 bathrooms, 
torealcnst pado over 1 mffl 

BAT B1-4SS 4401 


tamed house on setter estate. 4 
beds, tec iwnQ?- dmargmi, nt- 
tM ktL bu« at oogaer. 

imUi. doehim. OMt «f. Odn*. 
Offers oner CXtOJOOQ- 
CMMO «0494t 779340. 

HKMIMOHAM Lb> Vktftwotoc 
4 odi i iw-3 wen boilhwr no 
■_j ocai WMnK.ton4-.fmmd < o(pac 


A urtqtia, central town, Wc- 
Urton rasUonce, knemn os 

WH1NSWE. in conservation 
area set In-tts own secluded 
mature wooded grounds lust 
wider one acre. 

2 recep, dining rm. f/Md* & 
ufitty, 7 beds, box no, 2 
Wtrnv cfltJftrv tufl gch, m 
gge; vaiious fuel stores and 
out biddngs, private padc- 
tog front and rear. 

(Were £350,000. 

Brochure on request from 
soto ■ egret Archd eaco n 

H gattn. 

B !S 


B wn 

Mto < - 




Detached Country House 

mt vtewa over the river 
Severn. 2 reegni kM > 
rooms. 3 badroonSfS 
centra! headna. large aar- 
den. garage. FTOeSi 


Tef:0594 43862 



cucHixr, auFFOUL .cwawy 
eaaatt- cgeui/dteer. wm».z 

bfds. mm., major airfro ghoyL 

Snon ed“ ; csboop osre 

4X1709. . 




The best of 
Charles II 

for £300,000 

SSr°iS m £ , (^ a 19tt ’ 

II house, ovortookino a 

ttanSo wSi' empt > r ,or ™™ 

Sgl^ tST® ro “" “«"S 

The V^, with four cottages and 

extensive outbu ildingsTfetookina for an 
wmer wensure sy^«heSc 

■Njmbw 18, Adelaide Square, 

amaB welled patio 

^2^ri^^T5^ eaiKlpBTtn8rs 

* seeking offers of more tom £ 95 , 500 . 

Georgian classic 

j*'Atybe»ton Park, on the edge of the 
conservation village of Wyberton, 
Lincolnshire, is a classic Georgian - 

^Heved to date from 1689?Coin 
Mackenzie, of Hampton and Sons, 

one of the joint agents with John D. Wood 
and Beys of Boston, says that if it 
w® 118 ^ the South-East tee price would be 
above £600,000. In Lincolnshire the 
autda price is £200,000. The Grade ir 
wsted house, standing m seven acres, 
has a lame hall, three racentinn rooms, a 

tbe site was rebuilt ip 1578 by Nicholas Newton, whose tether had bought it, and 
J| "M designed on the Elizabethan E plan, though the' shape is now lost. The 
house was owned by the Newton fondly instil 1695, and it was restored in 1896 
when a new wtng was added. The two key dates 1578 and 1896 remain on a panel 
bekm an original window above the porch. Accommodation includes four 
reception rooms, a master bedroom suite and four further bedrooms, with three 
secondary bedrooms and a staff or guest flat. With grounds of nearly eight acres, 
including outbuildings, a formal rose garden and paddocks, the house Is for sale 
at around £400,008 through Braxtons* Tunbridge Wdls office and Savffls 

Palace with hotel service 

fine panelled inner hall, six bedrooms 
and three attic rooms, and the grounds 
include a heated swimming pool. 

■ The Bam, in Bratton, west 
WBtsfwe, to a large brick and timbered 
boflcfing about 2m yean old used for 
storing goods from the village’s thriving 
com and woollen ntifls- It f efl into 

disuse and was then dismantled and 

rebuilt In Ks original form but with a 
new shed and foundation. It now has an 
entrance hall, two reception rooms, 

six bedrooms and various outbuildings 
set ‘m three-quarters of an acre. 

Pearsons’ Trowbridge and Westbury 
offices are asking £129^00. 

A home that floats 

different The Reperfer, a typicaf flat- 
bottomed Thames ‘sailing barge, was 
built in 1926, and traded under safl until 
engines were fitted just after tee last 
war. The present owner installed a new 
engine and converted the interior. The 
Reporter is one of six steel barges stffl 
folly rigged and sailing, is a regular 
winner of barge matches and is, of 
course, seaworthy. This 08ft barge, 
with a 40ft lrvirig area, lined at mahogany 
and six cabins, is moored at Chelsea - 
Wharf or St Mary's Church, Battersea. 
The price is £87,500 through John D. 

Richard Collins, who haH previously 
worked in estate agency, formed Fre- 
mantle Properties in ] 983 to specialize in 
refurbishing residential properties in 
central London to the highest standard, 
convening them into flats and 

The past few years in London have 
seen both rapid growth and. stagnation, 
but throughout there has been a widen- 
ing gap between the best developments — 
which have sold even in bad times— and 
the rest 

Concentrating on tbe former, the small 
Fremantle development company has 
successfully converted houses in Corn- 
wall Gardens and Onslow Gardens 
among its projects, and convinced Mr 
Collins of the potential demand for well 
presented centrally located property with 
the emphasis on service, management 
and security. 

After a two-year search for the right 
property, he found Palace Court, a 
seven-storey Edwardian m ans ion block 
north of Kensington Gardens, in need of 
renovation and large enough to justify 
the establishment of a management 
office to look after it It cost him around 
£3.5 million, and he and his team of 
craftsmen have spent a year restoring it 
to produce 25 luxury fiats within tbe 
large U-shaped bmkfing, set around a 
courtyard landscaped by Francois 
Goffinet of International Landscapers, 
who has been involved in projects at 
Badminton, Longleat and Leeds Castle. 

Where possible, original features, in- 
cluding cornices and mouldings, have 
been retained, dr have been recreated to 
restore the building. With the exception 
of two lower ground-floor flats at 
£145,000 and £185,000, the apartments . 
range in price from about £200,000 for • 
1,200 square feet to £650,000 for a unit of 
2,750 square feet 

All have fitted carpets and kitchen 

equipment, and the service charge ranges 
np to nearly £5,000. This includes 
insurance, cleaning and lighting of the 
common parts, maintenance of the 
forecourt and gardens, a video entry 
system and the 24-hour porterage. 

It is intended to offer a level of services 
at Palace Court more generally found in 
a good hotel with a resident manage- 
ment office which offers among other 
things an in-house laundry and valet 
service, maid service and letting service. 
There are several show flats for sale, 
including the curtains and contents by 
negotiation, and Fremantle will offer a 
comprehensive interior design service to 
purchasers covering the smallest job or 
total decoration and furnishing. The 

Second-floor apartment 
sold for £800,000 

joint agents are Aylesford and Co and 


By contrast Humberts' Mayfair office, 
with Wetherells, are selling the thud- 
floor flat of number 70, South Audley 
Street, which requires reorganization 
and modernization. They sold' the 
second-floor apartment for more than 
££00.000 but because of the work needed 
the third floor is offered at £525,000. 

It has high ceilings, retains original 
features, has a 92-year lease and is 
considered a “prime opportunity”. 
While the demand for beautifully reno- 
vated properties continues. Isabelle 
Rumsey of Humberts says there is 
enormous demand for houses and flats 
not done up to that extent The property 
has a reception hafi, two intercommuni- 
cating reception rooms, a dining room 
and three bedrooms. 





* Fully fitted Kitchen with butt in appliances. 

* Luxury bathroom witb gold fittings. 

* Gas-fffed centra heating. * Double-glazed 

* Quality Capet throughout 

* Radio controlled garage door. ^ 

* Security T.V. entry phone 

* TraditkjnaflyconstroctedtolviKaaapprovai 

★ 3 Bed A partm en t £90^00- 
* Penthouse £115000. 

♦ Rifl mortgage fscStiraavatebte- 

,opanieanv6fxi^7 riayma'aMfc 

Tel: (0202) 733701 

pace, a Data Oon. Pmuttmo. F«ft Do®* 

~5flocHO*v*0r '■ fiS?. » PW> 
tacwa hook- aier K>o*yofl 
River TeR asn Imm&J asn 
Huuob room. Body- cloakroom, 
new uirfien. aunts'. sWrom 
2 tnUiFOORK. rioaw* 
acre garden £169.300- TH 
0264 81 081 B. 



PAM or WWWjM! ans 

bedroomed Sftrapt ltfre G*«j 

mm lar mtwa c^r 

own*, aromal JWeOOOFor lug 

ifeuw pu f 

1B5461 e*enWgKOrM300t»ai 
Mitee how* 

miles, wortesn 8 mU m- Cro w 

Ununeiioa ni rfeisttfl P< »ma" 
mih ipratraafaible rural vwwv 

acres ot gr g u nas. 

Receguon Room. iBrtswm. 
CH PouW* S 22E 

ming g J?c r -JSSf 

imaooo. FrnrtK**. taggl 
Bank* * Savers. (Anrevue 
Street. Wuuow Tel: 109061 


CneUHUiaai 8 rote- 
mb Great Go moenc n. Atamin 
oemr of dWi^oatoeti«i* a 
aastuon "'ri h ■¥, 

nri ,wwi nu now to ma 
Avon A II acre* Of scow®. J 

Broroanis. 3 


£ 2 * 0.000 
1X1 Sank* * 
r°r+oaie B*r**- Wo ' v 

S-SSm ia z£: 

' <l4 ^laSS«! , cwa» a 
. ASuSiJune®®* 1 - MeQlrtn * y ^ 

B1 5£SS* :! J£ii «f g 


aitot-CTWAIA- , 

H Ucta n ° /wim» mftny 
(finmo IAjI* iSSr 

wans *™n , ,SS,rr muth». 

oam *2**— m rm 

mtm *£Jg Jfffi 2vo we 


fern in II* 




Exrepaonai modem art ™»l- 
aence » W over l _-acr e 
deupbiru] 0FDOUO9 Pro ne 
dtuauoo. MUM 
goH course & station i Eusxw 
30 Runs). HalL chain. 3 ex- 
r rural receptions. lu* 
imciHa. aunty. 5 beta, ca- 

lamity warn, owe gge. very 
wefl mjOn»ine«/OTWnWl. 


Aftc hfa r o ns 
04427 2533 

Fully modmused 2 bed ter- 

S? W S. C Sffiig C 


Seal weekend ie 

lit bome or tttvoroaa 

SOOT eieS/whends. 


buBiMM site evertooUna 
Comb Pfamung iwnn toT I*® 

cz&saooo mus i **g-g*g^°o 
oao. Paone 097T MWsa 
gcuuwnr cbarratne waa 
moderated wtute wasli cot- 
tage. Asa- 3 beds, larue studio. 
O/iootdnff SMatSoat £46000 
r/H. 01-986 


expand TOUR LITE 
roumrt >vm U«rtBgon_ 
GntBUStre. 18? laiMV 
houw <rf 

romtyard. seetudeC ^£5; 
Ci 60.000. Dead* Trt. 
Ejdrabndge I073SI 86 36i 

wsr ctiffCt tMlWU One 


pioarnUsari cheracSer fU; 


pn y mi 2 BnlS. < W 


SySgimw? 5 AngJ 1 "” L 


1 1 ,*a bedroom flat 
and 2 bedroom oat in umgne 
mack of 6- rated kudwn. GCH. 
Jong lease. £47.0008 OSOUOQO. 
.TO 01-881 6641 


MaonMcenl Oaren Anne style 
■del F/M res to *• mr~ 
uouOMrtcyivaaad*. SFtoaw. - 
Bads. 2 Batos. CH. Garaging. 
OotbuOdliap. AlT6.000.Ven- 
dore 021-440 5427. BotDor 
Co 021-643 0818. 


4 mts HeKMm. NTMflawL fw 

modernised retains ariomal fea- 
tures. CH 3 bedim*, s/facnp 
gardov. ideal holiday cottage. 
Near outdandUig scenery, lor. 
ed watts, safltng. shooung etc. 
Far named Sale, oners annum 
£3a60a 0434 73688 

HAHTUPOaL Magnificent mb 
view vtrt. period toe 3 fire Inge 
dfn rm mov nt'd kit tux bath 
4Mds 0428 222616/260462 




ta the heart of Wotusworti ram- 
BV on the fringe of tte Late 
OkSKt a supedor 5 bed ctt 
house stantitig hi o«r V» acre at 
maWffl g^dOT-SpabtusaMm 
milt gB ch. (»hs over EreteO. 
MdS, MM House. 
Cockamoath, _Cmms. 

78 »M 02316. 

LAKE P M TWCT, wm*tar valley. 

' 4*8 bed. 
3ft «r 


And. or 34ft acres adJotatog 
beamHuL decfduoas. COnservu- 
bon woodtand. Weaun ofXtora. 
fauna, buds and wlidt' ~ 

Price Ci20/i4&ooa dcuhs; 
044 88 297 

LAKE DBtnCT Natkml Park, 
owe traded cottage set In do- 
ttgnuot gdns & grads with 
magnlfimii views To be aou 
by aurdon an me 4aJm. Or 
Ian * from the Awdu M ean R. 
J Snieaton S Scuton 

Oockermoum 0900 829114. 
DOTIH Georgian style oU 
rectory b beds Of mnrwUouB 
view segarate wing ! aa 
OtdbKUngs £76000 07688X371 


• JacnoeonD40dtoa3btfs«Mr 

IWnuUH Oxi/Ldn- »«»>. 
Tel. 0868 810318. 

OXFORD. MCA* HMD. Large dr- 
(acred vhaonan homo. 3/d 
bedrooms- large garden.- stable 
& grneroMi ^ramng. snaoous 
accomodation. Funner pocoi- 
ual. £78.000. For detMM ring 



TXddftlonal Scodisb Flaim- 
home, dabgtttfully sttoaed 
in' an area oT great beauty 
near Loch Ken- Set ta 3 
acres south, facing land 
with exceBenteidhuSitfngs 
5 Bedroom 2 reeeptkm 
rooms. CH. 

, Offers £74,000. 


Nbw Calloway 
(06442) 471. 

imilWWU t W»c tott nnlRyl- 

ling. • inveionefit/ rwBday 
ruicis from £9.990. Colour 
broctiore 0764 2686- 

range or M« togs. .gdn* m 

SS»W 0w S5SS£ 

VBH 'as 




London IS mios. BR Mersthan/Lantfon 
ClDEs/Vstoria 35 mteas. Access aiflan 2 mtes to MBS and ; 

A charming wefl presented country house with 
ready access to London. 

2 reception rooms, 5 bedrooms, 2 bsHtrooms, 
ttcten/bnojdast room. Gas central heating, garaging 
worksbed. German and groomfc. 
h ft* nriN of 218&0BQ FroetaU ■» Mad 15 
DeWbe fcStets LomIh Tafc 01-529 6709 



MS - 3 kBm, 

30 mOm 

aiTiihwi 37 
Fat District 22 

“Mayfield Court" sol hi a Conservation Area of natural 
beauty- Located tn a most sought after area. 38 soactou* 
apartments detfrawd for tbe dtscentlng. offoing exrerOonal 
value fbr money. CotadeUng of 2 bedrooms, ensutte balh- 
room, lounge diner, fitted kitchen, doafcs/shower room. 
Price from £43.996 fixed to lfith May 1986, First Phaser 
completion Feb 1967. 

Send far brochure ta C. UHatM A Seats. 4 BmagAw Gar- 
den, Hewcaette* Staffs STS OU erpheua (0732) S27S4S. 


TaoBtno sad R5 - 4 rah 

ififfi Centuy Manor In 

hound and vety 
appamtad 4/B bodutomod ac- 
commodation toatumg oeh 
oanoliad (hawing room. 2 fur- 
ther recaps. Inga kitchen. 2 
- and ancSSatws. A 

dwelling o r 6 Bedrooms. 3 Re- 
drawing room 
. many 

I floor «4f canumM nw 
below offering con 
.MMntbd 90* waUed 
rear garden Offer, in the re- 
gion Of £325.000 TMrahone 
Andrews Estate Agents 0226 

IT. Detached 

mnouU setting. Many original 
fnuurm. Mon wattts and 

views. Weston Super Mare 0 
miles £69.750 TOKKSAt 


lath ceufury MUI cm rtver Cw. 
-nrDnivaiton. Bast oerled rrnl- 
dnm tn beaudhd setting 6 
acres Stable,, Prims flsMna 
£128000.- KATM\ - WILCOX 
Bttle Agents. OCh - rr ln n. Tel 
103891 235 
minaiirrt snum meats fogdv 
home bMow Ota*mbur>- Tor. 
MaontdcUnt views. Easy reach 
of wells. Both. Taunton Em- 
dous room*, dmibhsglasgng. 
central- reeling. Two ‘ 
large garden. C7B.CCO. Tet | 

SOOTH OF RATH Otd dcucred 
water odd. Svpumlhatially 

amverted to a Man. srantora. 

Original nu wne« ■ restored. 
Soactona family aonmodauon. 
Quel ofaftton wttti sotanerty 

BATH unique angonumty. Small 
estate 1 mUr dly ern I re. Totally 
secluded 4 bed cottage. Heated 
goo). Hard court .Stables. Su- 
perb news 6 to 17 acres. From 
£169.000. Tel: 0325 832629. 

urn Elegant 1« floor period 
IUI 2 beds. Are draw mg rm. lux 
MICfien a coon Gas CH. New 
carpets dirauahouL £69.960 
opo. Tel: 0228 64S78 after 6em 


Coates. Cuckoo* and Cowsupk 
OM Somerset 3-4 pro farm 


add numerous otFblliUlngi. 8 
miles m Uie sea. 3 mues to MS. 
easy to commuto to Bthtol 
£86.000 for morn sate os own 
er reatmtng more Land- Comm 
H orn Farm- RwM&rtdge. Nr 
AXWto9a. 5omars«. 093* 7a 



i6aooq Jbltawnt 6 
Ptnn. BMb rasa*) 6922S. 


tongue MbytMe 4 bed UMRtted 
hoove oexf to Nal Thai wow 
I 6m wv«IIb™i garaen tann- 
ww focks s pools inc 
wtmndMf pom 8 mim MB! 
£17EvQOO Pin* 0272 736448. . 

MfALDMUUUI Very anratBve 

aeuened f antfly hooie In EMwgM 

alter puauon. Atxtwn A beds. 2 
' hafln n fn suttPL 3 Rerepnom. 
Uftod kUciwa kreakfad room, 
utility room, loit Gas CH. OMe 

iiOAH°w Vt f. wii e » b 


Choxieywood, Hertfordshire 

An interesting chain bungalow with attractive terraced garden having fine views 
over Chorteywood Common. Hail, 2 Reception Rooms, 3 Bedrooms, 1 Bathroom 
and 2 Attic Bedrooms, Kitchen, and Conservatory. Full Gas Fired Central Heating. 
2 Garages. In all about 0.5 Acres. For Sale By Private Treaty. 

John Agents: Cl mums Teh 01-499 4155 and 
Christopher Rowland Teh (0923) 776291 

Pilton, Somerset 

Shepion Mallet 2 x h miles. Wells 6 miles. 

Charming period family house with swimming pool in the heart of this attractive 
village. Reception Hall, Drawing Room, Dining Room, Sitting Room, Billiard 
Room, Cloakroom, Kitchen, Utility, 4 Bedrooms, 2 Bathrooms. Double Garage. 
Gardens and Grounds of approximately 1 l k Acres. Offers in the region of £167,000 
Weils Office Teb (0749) 78012 

Near Maidstone, Kent - ~ 

M20 2 miles 

A substantial House with fine interior features within protective Wooded Grounds. 
Reception HalL, Drawing Roam, Dining Room, Sitting Room, Playroom, Kitchen 
and Domestic Offices, 2 Cloakrooms, 6 Bedrooms, 2/3 Bathrooms. Self-contained 
2/3 Room Annexe. Top Floor Flat with 2 Reception Rooms, Kitchen, 2 Bedrooms 
and Bathroom. Gas Fined Central Heating. Garage Block. Gardens and Grounds of 
about 6 Ames. 

Mayfair Office Teb 01-499 4155 and 
Canterbury Office Teb (0227) 457441 

127 Mourrt Street, Mayfair, London W1Y 5HA, Telephone 01-490 4155 

Abode London — Xemnsa, Kcrem^on. Chrfccu. Arundel. Bach. Careoburt. EJtrihjTf+i. 

Hurrayte, Oxford. WeBv. Bahrain [Vim. Kuuan . Sttmah. 




A high quality development of 2 & 3 bedroom Sheltered 
Maisonettes within walking distance of ail amenities 

Show flat open 



3 White Hill, Qtesham, 
Bucks. HPS1AB 

_ . . . Teir 10494) 775566 

Features include:— 

Traditional construction with 10 years N.H.B.C Guarantee • Trained 
resident warden • Minimum age restriction • Central heating • Double 
glazing d Cavity wati insulation • Comprehensive range of optional 
extras • landscaped gardens • Ample car parking Prices from £55,750 

■KM. 4 bedrooms! (touched 
bow. Ooto to town and dn. ta 
sought after ave. bathroom and 
shower room, lounge- dtmng 
room study. fully (Hied 
kitchen -breakfast room. cloaks. 
£120.000 Tetopnotto 057272 

8WUMPOBD Luxury Bungalow. 4 
beds. 2 3 receov 2 oaths U ca 
wucl due gge. owe gLuro. ex 
I ras. Easily maintained gdn Pie 
ra C136JOO. OuUdlOfd 31642 

RBBATt rib in ortje. 6 mins 
M2S a an. vie ronv 4 bed. 4 
nap. 2 Mih. 3 gge. CH. Ige 
gdn. £188X100. 07 3 72 45646 

EWHUHT ( SmiUi afOdMhKd) A 
ddlghuiri S' oedroamed period 
railage near village centre - (de- 
af otod-a-terre. Offers around 
. £95.000. OJILDFCWD 4 3 
bnkreiM rlimdr property 
dose 10 ire town with magnm 
cent views Around £150.000 
Apply Clarke Gammon. ■ *6 
High Street. Guildford Tel: 
0483 572366 
LM(d I6Ui ceulury rarmhoitse. 
Lovely views over area of oui 
t lan din g natural beauty 
superb riding cnuniy. 5 beds. 
3 receps. 2 period barns, grana- 
ry. staBbag 5 acres pasture 
Oilers £270.000. White « Sons 
Vernon Smuh 10306) 887654 
BROCKHAM Beau IH id rural id- 
1497 2ft miles Irorn Dorking. 5 
miles M25. fust 20 unto. Central 
London. 4 J edroonred cturac 
Ur cottage in emservatton area. 
Newty uned unhcti. tounge. 
dimng rooo. baihroatn. garoen. 
£95 COO OT37 843026. 
WOODKCKEltS m south Cray 
ddn. deL 4 bed. 5 rrc. 2 bares. 
kK-dtaer, suntrap pauo. sun 
loggia. Fan gdn adtaceni wood. 
Close S A E B.R. Sins. FTUd 
£181.000 TeLOl 688 2302 
A8HTEAD Luxury house on 1 
acre mature pM in private 
road. « teem. toLbtsi. 3sunm6 
2 beds and Dathrm. |wm g 
£378500. 03722 77294 ill. 
CAPWKLEY Lovely sectad 
mod family house GCH 6 bed 2 
bare 3 receps luxury kttchr 
brkfsl rm uUHly rm dM gge "a 
acre £179.000. 0276 26984. 
FOR SALE 4fc acre on Berts Sur- 
rey border certain Planning 
potential own drive all services 
£18.000 or Offers 0344 776997 
Ml HEW toALOCH 2 Bed FLU. 
Own Gdn. GCH. Good Condi 
Uon. Quick Sato. Long Lease 
£48.950 Tel; 01 '94 9- 3883 
SURMTON: beantUul 7 bed 

ropmed Edwardian detached 
family house. Qua* pale. Bar 
gain £175X100 01-390 5306. 



Character Sussex Fanrfoouse 
plus 15ft acres paddocks aid 
rattens. 6 beds. 3 raescs. 2 
iniiiis. koany fotctwn CH. Near 
carpets & deans etc 3 garages. 
Stacks. S/c audio bungalow 
Access 115 acres Woodland 
bttHewBys. Superb equestrian 
Location 2mtelDwn. sea&BR. 

0424 35982 



SeaidduL sumy regency 1st floor 
bauny flat Ofvosu Sea and 
Lams. 3 bedrooms. 
taflMefl/tfsn®g mom. kfictwn. 
ramum and shower room 
Parking spaoe. Very quel Fur- 
m&lied to perfecten by Hamids. 
Lift and caretaker. Outgoings only 
£1.483 pa. 

ZT2SAB tad. coMetas on 

MuimUdr OKupulon. 
Viewing Mon ■ Fn 

Tel-.(0273> 779560 


iwuw wun 5 arret facing due 
baton end areauung AsMiwn 
fdtM ki narVHLe grounds. 3 
beds. 2 nmUon. super 2nd 
hatnroocn and granny annexe 
of targe bedsit and shower room 
WHIta enlranc*! Very elft- 
ctonl moral neothm 
£188.000 Tel. Forest Bow 
<0342821 2373. 

me - eUTMIUOL For retire, 
reenl . country home 
nodrutn. EwmIoii comer- 
"Jon. pan Edwardian arefnten 
dnnned house Superh views 
3 reins town. 2 receps. wit hen. 
conservatory breakfast room, 
cloak room. 3 beds. baUinwm. 
aep Mower room, garage, etc. 
£110000 Tef <07871 223293 

MiHUy UDKrue 
sku>ous pemheuse matspiiHte 
in Regency Mamnn. Cbrecl ac- 
me » esplanad e . Magmftccnl 

terse 4MMr recepuon roam a 
bedropnrs i2 dnupw-i. 2 bath- 
rooms Beautiful naiencKety- 
fmed burned "oreakfasi roora 
Laundry room. Cnanrongly 

deem eled and many munacu 
late throughout- Ready for 
fmmtduiF occupation. 

1 160.001 Tel. 0273 770208 
after 7pm and weekends 

■AST SUSSEX. Attractive <i c 
resadeAce. part large house Han 
off. tUtan. dining 

lot mar, s me twarooms 
ftr too rorn m ue. na mro em. wp- 
anto WC. ou CH. Oarage. 
Seouaed DU very comeuetu 
NK4M. statton. 2 gnu nones, 
ieaeenoid 73yrs, offer* acound 
£02.000. Carpels & curtains 

inct. TH CttKKO 3309 


wtraano Lodge- Mouoie beds. 

ranno Lodge- Adpinie beds. 
2 receps. stud y.- Ml. CMtnrm. 

ra w ]ta ‘ n—ir» i— 


Cnldford 2 mlfes (Londoo/Waterioo 45 miautes) 

-A channing 16th Century grade II Bated cot- 
tage situated on the edge of a common. 

2 reception rooms, garden room, 3 bedrooms, 
bathroom, garaging, secluded garden. 

About K acre. 

Excess £120,000 

London Office: (01-629 7282) 

(Ref 1AB 9143) 


Tunbridge WeHs 5 Mites 

A Superbly Situated Residents Farm 
write some of the finest views over the High 
Weald countryside of Kent and Sussex. 

A Delightful 17th Century Farmhouse. 

3 Bedroom Cottage. 3 Bedroom bungalow. Use- 
ful range of Modem & Traditional Former Dairy 
Butkfings. Compact Block of Productive Arable 
and Pasture Land. Woodland for Sporting and 
Single Bank Fishing ont he River Medway. 

As A Whole or in Lots. 

About 190 Acres. ' 

Lewes Office: 201 High Street (0273) 475411. 
(Ref- 6BE2231) 


Roe Georgian House witb a wealth of period 
detail fat the heart of Woodhridge. 

3 Reception Rooms, 4 Bedrooms, 3 bathrooms. 
Full gas central heating. Double glazing. Delight- 
ful walled garden, garage. Region £150,000 to 
include fitted carpets and curtains. 

Ipswich Office, 11 Museum Street (0473) 214841 

ML HASTINGS Charming wefud 
et! country houre 6 array. 5 
bw ft oonw. 2 haltuoama. 4 tonje 
recapHona Swimming pool. Im 
nuniWr rtrcoraitir order 
EK-idOO Phone: 0424 

444666 work Hours. 

£140000. Restored muunr wins 
country house. 1 nub 1 A23 
M23. 5 BCd*. 3B4LM. Gas C H 
ini paini needy lacdHi. no W 
StoMes: dUapUUtod snmmer- 
houce: 3 V * acre*. 0444 85389 

W0DTWN6. Saaoous del d ■ pb 4 
bed 2 W use GCH varaoe «rd 
grin 6 mins shops buses I rains 
£75960 Tci 109031 38765- 


I8lh Century Farmhouse 3 
Beds. 2 L«je Rerpl. L« 
h'll /Diner. L'fillly. CH t OU 
Cntlaqe. l 1 reew. K/yiC. 
ExMroe Slone Ouibuiidings. 
Millie Garden. Mountain View 
9ft Acre Land £89.000 ono. 
Telephone 1 0552 770441 

of outstanding beauty Hail, 
tounqe. dimng rm. 2 bedims, 
bare, idlthen. oarage & carport. 
Mains water & electric b Aprox 
5 acres wim nam» etc CH * D 
Glazed. Offers in Rmu of 
£49.600 TO 0938 76397 

PEACE 8 WHET C19.95P Rft 
bulll stone barn rMIW 
overlooking Carmgan Bay. Pine 
rtad. I bedroom + stoepuig pal 
lerv. Adiuaenl Manorial Trust 
valley, waiertau. bi-ach Tel. 
0727-38634 ieve, wi-ekemtoi 

mem Monmouih. Wales 2 
adjoining: i varanl i4 rms K & 
Bl: 1 lei |6 ms K A 81 Gdn DM 
garage. Under 2 U hr? Central 
London. 16 nans M£0 tor Mid- 
lands. Freehold £55.000 toe 
pair. Qgfr 126-2362 
DTFED6 bedroom counlrir hoiwe 
toungc. dining. 2 taihrauias. 
uUUIy. 2 acres A grounds. 
£67000 Tel 0570 480766 
FOR SALE N Wales Hoi bung % 
bdrms b pihr all srrvs nr sea nr 
org »ie £22.000 o no. Reply 29 
Bryn Twr. Abergefe LL22 8DD 
taWOBUltt My ralllrr's ITT 
hsr on blU. Scene Sips 4 5 nra 
l&t> Fully funusltod RV £59. 
£17.000 01-870 6619. 
embs. Hotiday rotloge neiacti 3 
bras 3 recs tut inilili Dplh mtet 
narn sutlable lor tonvenuxi 
£56.000 F'hlrt 01-3091636. 
SMOW1MIIHA, ang views, mod 
del can nr Harlech, lor lnge 2 
dtae ample parting 

£20.000 TH. 10766) 7608O4, 


utifl unm in auiikp vauw 
near SabMHir> 4 bed, tMtrt- 
room. 2 tevOTUoo. toieMn. 
Study. (Maenulory. garden. 
UW^OO. TO 0722 780287. 

DtnrAcao seorciam house. 

Sradforricm Aiun. Wills. Care- 
luCy mMitatoed amm »<toi 
superb period lealures. Mom 
, . hve 3 wrals. 6 brdvAnnn 2 , . _ 

rharaner collage 3 bedrooms 
Cm CH. small garden. Garage. 
£37.250 ono TH. 0747 
860616 eves, whends 


nrTnMMHLE'HOLE. Beautifully 
siluaied on I ho edge of North 
Yorks n«o*ws 5 Bedroorned 
1 7 to Gmiury Cottage. Fully 
moderated yel reuirunu many 
ongmai (natures, oak beams. 
roUagi- gdn elc CH £72.000. 
TO 07516 465 

2 bed 2 bain large lounge dining 
own access garden GCH garage 
£44000 Tef 601761 All 6 
17TH CENTURY manor lor sale 
in quief 1 1 1 law Slh Humberside. 
Campkle rentn alron needed m 
may Or rtifW? (K«l 30256 

farms & 


BRECON- 1 GOWER Nal Fh 215 
acres * c60O toll. Mrd 1832 4 
bed toe Sheep canto uontos 
Irma Subsidies Manaemteni 
(£320000. 0638 730828 584 


50 ACRES APUfOL some roan 
ironlagr imiqM HUM 
Tpnbrtdge ami E70 C"30. Ring 
088283 2S41 

CARAVAN SITE - small and pri- 
sale. 51* CmnwiB lar salr wills 
polenbal Moanng .si aitable 
Oilers around £25.000 free- 
hold Phone 03ft> 74737 0736 

ful garden die wire superb sea 
A coastal i lews Approx acre 
All ntHs Of arcese A case- 
menM. £8.850 02974 3081 



NEAR CWCHESTgR Lovely gun- 
nv ronaoe on private estate 
AnlMue Unrnlshea. colour TV 
washer dryer. Suddenly unex- 
pectedly as aitable June 1st. TO 
1 02431 £73886 

panned Cm apannimis Fine 
country & ciiy Ismhq OelrqTn 
ful country collage,. Privacy 
assured Weekly or long lento, 
top.. ChaUenOfr International 

Ud Balh (0225! 64550 & 66333 
1 24 hours) 




£ 11 Iff*. IQ £100.090. 3t* 1. 
« 1 1 .17% B E2D0.0OO 2V* + 1 
(B 12*1 ID nzaoiio. 3H I + 1. 



Bu fiord 4 miles. Stow-on-the-Wold G mttas. Oxford 27 


4 Reception Rooms, 6 Bedrooms, 4 Bathrooms. 
Shower Room. 2 Rats within the main House. Cot- 
tage. Summer House. Swimming Root. Landscaped 
Gardens. 3 Garages. 

Joint Agents: Knight Frank A Ruttey, Chipping Norton 
0608 41914 and Lane Fox & Partners with Ryiemds, 
Cirencester Office: 0285 3101 


Wantage 8 miles, Lam bourn 8 mjles. M4 13 miles. 


3 Reception Rooms. 5/6 Bedrooms (mduding Flat) 2 
Bathrooms. 14 Loose Boxes, Garaging, Farm 


Joint Agents: Lane Fox & Partners with Rytands, 
Cirencester Office: 0285 3101 8 H.W. Dean & Son, 
Tel: 0223 51421 


Faringdon 6 miles, Cirencester 15 miles. 


3 Recaption rooms, 4/5 Bedrooms, 2 Bathrooms. 
Summer House/Ganies Room. Bam. Garaging. 


about 150 Acres 

Cirencester Office: 0285 3101 


M4 5 miles, Malmesbury 6 miles, Swindon 7 miles. 


3 Reception Rooms, 5 Bedrooms, 2 Bathrooms, Sla- 
tting, Garage. 


Cirencester Office: 0285 3101 


Odiham 3 mites, Basingstoke 4 miles, M3 2 mites, 
London 45 mfles. 


Completely renovated and modernised to a high 

3 Reception Roms, modem Kitchen, 4 Bedrooms. 2 
Bathrooms, Shower Room. 

Good Outbuildings. Enchanting Garden. Excellent 

London Office 01-499 4785 

OXFORDSHIRE - Oxford 6 miles 

Woodstock 5 mites, London 54 mites. 

With considerable character and surrounded by 
mature moated grounds. 

Fme Receffton Hall, 2 Reception Rooms, Study. 4 
Bedrooms, 2 Bathrooms. 

Full CH. XVth Century Dovecote. 

Garage. Stabling & Paddock. 

6 Acres in all. 

Banbury Office: 0295 710592 

London Office: 36 North Audley St., London W1Y 
2EL Tel: 01 -*99 4785 

Cirencester Office: Thomas St. Cirencester. GiosTel. 

0285 3101 

Banbury office: Middleton Cheney, Banbury. Oxon Tel- 

0295 710592 


Stow-on-the Wold 3 miles 

A wefl appoMed Grade 0 fisted vflJaqe brass of IM certify 
origin ta a deHgMbl setting attain a cmsavaBoa area. 

3 reception rooms, 5 bedrooms, dressing room, 3 
bathrooms. Staff/nursery wing of 4 bedrooms, bath- 
room. Oil central heating. Double garage. Superb 
stable block. Magnificent barn suitable for conversion. 
Easily maintained gardens and paddocks. 

About 6.8 acres 
Excess £275.000 

Cheltenham Office: 

8 Imperial Square 
Tei. (0242) 45444 


Lud and bate Agencj Dcparmcni 

Isle of Yell 



3 Bedroomcd Farmhouse. Loch. Piciish Broch 
and about a dozen ruined crofts. 2 1 ; miles of 

OFFERS OVER £50,000 

HRODIESttSSItoihesai PlactEdmhBsh.EH.t ISLEkriw* 0iI-3aW 
Wtnm imicute ipujilaraiBiSCJl-rb^ll 



RESrm^En (OH UITV and ■»* ImII* cmnlrinfd nuruouw 
cili-omlrr Cjia Ire r iktu here icvyoiwt! J* riv re*l «>ir> ito»ai'6- 
mem h> ihrUta Hixn* - a*OTk 

iwol* Miiain] hraJc Ow P<*cr J>.k. l ta Jab rotJr reakn m 
r»m M iW¥n iptl i-urraixiL Fc»'mvs .wriuJc l>Ai-hlM IwW 
*.»d lnrhrn Im»u^ toltortnl' ima*injl.»f iihn, nul »<™»" 
(L«n>r TV nunnVm n4L» Iiuitawf r. n hiihIu A-li, bl'nl 

tinJtapcd ivniittw i-i» iJ'i* JniiAlM .onuiinJiOfv kiIIumI IV 
dr j^ven ut rrtiifito3ifl<o£ M a rtMlial b) an iWAiW 

d' uw iiiulfi% «*r I’Oit 

SFrichure (him: 



I Vyi* . iV mgg brlutftl you fW 8 COD' too K toi ^.■e 1 • W* arefl 

Jmtwvsfl'BTt aftsfl^staum rinmjkc.Ui.rfiM,- 

nia nets -< w 1 *' «n: , i i wy a gateem 
TW) TXttt! W 15 o-' csnsirjrteii 1 «w wnwis ICT5S7 *• 

csn»ntti<v>wo>«n«u> ueni netfritSmna ■ fcnu !.fqfcar. 

W etjartr* u: Lena Daow sutoti 1 JxtScwjt;^ nraa 

Mri dkuv - un neats « tijour. s^m- 
tuns jec mh: sotMs its IB d Cftnuafeoa a oafam bun ji a at mtnor 
nra«wtaioiOTma'' , romc Bw*aiirois.Bta:misefiiiaaif -SiiKCflCre 





















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: i art. an aroma ifiL-rapist 
“ -\hrt r.ct-di son e where 10 
^ Im'.'ptacisse for the ne\! 

,’ nramhi. If >eu have a 
{ ilai/hoL’se thai 1 could 
o look a.':cr lor ;-ou please 
11 call Trine on SS U 9fr*d. 

pm'ic^k. r^esia m! rail '17 

igu •aMss IBIS cl rili-rs. p 
o:ii-SI rina .-Pii rwjj, jD Ed- 1 
ratlin 3i-d VeLrrian fj'.DLrc 

Tc*; C1-=E5 EJT48 
a; G1-223 £716 
& j a nigiiL 

C-T.'i A5CS7. RO\ immlTd 
Tliur>^J l Frf:i‘nyi(> -nidaii- 

in—- or ullcn.-iH-c E>cc1- 
(■••■i mi-tilM-'-s fSi'Pli lo BOX 

tt:z ?c:r:c '.«=bisbo»» 

'.rndf n'. IraJ m st'.ciilr.r in 

:i«-* ailti'. r.- l tr -r.i". fur me 

L, — -,: ;MMb:nP w'/Wion jijjJ- 
jtJ- JCti Re NWS. 

■?’. Tc7 767: . "r>e cnlxJI.'-S'je 

7HK35: S> SCfJS. New 

^r.rt r« irui:vn*'d Oui.V:v j! 

im • rrrrs 33e P.rvni™ 
Hii.. scr^ coTJ Ot-oaa i&:3 
srmsrzk*: otoig;.t p^no no 
---. s :.o in r&urrt vv^jnul uw 
£j.-s;-0 H.w-7S.T»r S^o r ^o 

y?~TCQ CoCtO mo 
Trl i or: ' OSo S517 or IfU*! 
MT05 5coI-3 

STiUKTAT O wn Crjni for 
■jic ij.KO Tn iQ3Sti 
0273OO ■-HUT -Fit" 

STEIrM'S.*' PIAT-O. 7‘6" fuliv re- 

•.vliOUiufti-o fund 

iTc.^SO Trl 90 ’.€». 

502 HIM 

worn Or. oi*r hair she fflf.n « 
.n tK^rauac or ihe g 
fareoic. rcmiortaiHc Mark 
Collar, are new available 
:n Jho V K Sleeve ic-nglhs 
av aiiarip ai Sellrwlcr^. aho 
al 2S Saule How and 
other lealUKi retailers. 


■J73.TS>RCS rr.T irar from JuK 
Lar->? -: bud house In Beaufort 
Hm.iI louolrv i-trt>p. ijjrdcn. 
cpm vvevw eao> octroi lo V.4. 
£-30 p in T*J A244 720156 
T luml^hcd 2 bed- 
rff-ra Jim Lancaster Gale, front pw. Til. oj Toui 8 «jO. 
uy~xr: ziTtizz . o runs, 

irr. 1 Lor J ' 11 from £325 pw 
riirii Town H« APIS JTi 34o3 
scrr/icED *j>.«Rm"EaiTS m 
>Vtsii:i>Jon Got W 24tir TwSd. 
Ill CoDinuhain Apt. 575 6505. 
U'.Vl biv/ni.-nl/ wro-ra 2 
tti.v '• a rei for 2 ww*3 from 
ITlhNa C2SOp». 638 4453. 

LAPM&4 SOUTH. prof r. mn. i. 
b r. rr nibi;. nr ran^w. 4210 
met iiHjI plionei. avail limned. 
Tel. Cl 673 0567 ev» 

C7 FCTISTGATZ ll nuns Liver- 
p-u'l 61 Hme iiiirwiv p^rtcid flal. 
1,114 pci a >evcl 407 264 3. day. 

r — > .<5 l :o aliata Ic*. rm m lus 

r iviifJii Nr Turn £36 pw 242 
| .’546 . 231 du» 366 S9T» eve 

rju-uai Prof M/r. n/s. as + 

•ll.'•ll•Huua• OvnRnciu t • 

Es.m Inc 6; ?.'<■ < >3; Ein 

! CL 3 -JCCCTZa RO. O r in sna 
i nn\y. |'a' V Ickihih^ .Jdjr. £60 
pw t-.v.i Ci-173 i^yTau ajy. 

'i - ^.\Y W i YHOUl 


■ i 3 : '• :v it;.. if .-ihi-rvimltrrjt.vil 
•!■- i' (vtrf I.; j r.iivii.i.^. ■ _.. 

• , fv:.'.:=»-.wiv •rns.ivu'cur.lrcBiih' 
" ’-J i'lv jtiv nr. ;c .ViiL’iuu Uu-» lUil'.ioriv 
: Vnir.l.i.l.iiy-1110- 

: v T>!= SURGICAL 

sw at N*s pro r K* O B to 

hw Nroaimoo 

S37 9m * 7104 H 223 QB» 
SW19 prof wndk 
he, d/r. dose liBe. IJOPW 
Su TW 01-540 MOB ev«. 

W 3. N -S. La«e room I" •°f , “5r 
ew Snort kt JMOewmrt.T* 
OL 995 6814 alter 7 pm- 
room, snare nai. Nr Ti*e. £3S 
pw r-.rl 01-705 7417 all 7 MU 
wcABLEDCM prof m>f. o-r In 
lu* hv £155 wi rjrth D** 
215 4«io evw WO 7660 

3AUUH M F. N/S Is share 
mixed luxury harden IlaL 
£120 exd 01675 7250. 

niltn CM Cdn. £30 p.w. Tel 
01-223 20U after S pin. 
HEW 1 2 5 351 share lame house 
U.IIIV 2. 5 other* Nr tune <■ all 
amenities Can JO 876 6579 
NW9 Me o r tit new dec fne 
L53 pu uKl. Tel 01-202 2503. 
NIK Share luxury ltd own oou- 
M' room £6000 pw. Tel Ol- 

b2» 6583 

sussmoN m/F. n s. o.r. 
VW. Char House. G.C.H. Gdn. 
riSO PCM Exc Ol 390-5636. 
St717. Tidy prat lo share family 
house. N S preferred. £200 
pern. Tel: Ol *72 8260 meal. 

MALAGA, FARO- Lowed fares. 
Ol 7 IS 8191. Alai I«3 

NEW YORK £250 rtn. tone 
CII5TU1 EJiropa 01 437 8106. 

01 724 Z338 ABTA ATOL 

USA trom £99 Major haw*. OL 
445 9237. LATA 



Nairobi. JoTSurg. Cairo. 
Dubai. Istanbul. Singapore, 
KJ- Delhi. Bangkok. Hong 
Kcng. Sydney. Europe. & The 
Americas. Flammgo Trawl. 3 
New Quebec Sl Marble Arch 
Loudon WIH 7DD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saiutday 10.0013.00 


Pads £69 HYok El 98 

Fran/ turf £65 LA/SF E33S 
Laacs £22® Mum E1S9 
taSoM £325 Smgapom £420 
JO Sum £480 Bmc/Uk £33* 
Cano £205 Kjouandu Eaao 
QtfiBoni £235 Rangoon £350 
Hone Kang £510 Catama £425 

'Jteaa ettte ar tetehoae 

sni & sun 

21 Svaaow SL Undaa W1 
01-439 2108/437 8537 

K/dun £400 Duba £370 

Fn-toim £W0 IscnduP El 00 

Laoos C340 Jeddah two 

Monoua £400 xreda Q70 

Ammm £22) htd/Sn £445 

OsioVoV £350 KUWH E3S0 

Bem.Oa £335 flYodi 5200 

Cjuo £2«1 Scout E750 

CJWmtO £430 Srd.'Ud 1655 

Damascus £270 ToKyo £570 

snnoH) ntWH. ltd 

let 01-439 3521/8807 



SfUfCY £399 £645 

JO BURG £246 E430 

TR a«V £99 £179 

NEW YORK £139 £275 

LOS ANGELES — £192 £395 

BANGKOK £220 £360 

TORONTO £162 £210 

01-370 6237 

FS^Ms ifeal san | 8 i anq 

PALMA 20J5 If £ B5 
BCA 23/5 fi £71 
AUCAMTE a)/S k £103 
FARO Z0.-5 U 012 
KERAKUON 77/9 k £112 
NICE 24/S 6 £112 

Here IfigHm here 18 UK AAiuu 
to owr 38 Erepa dMtmmlaM 
Bing re 01-723 6964 

&Atl AT ? 

Kore low-cost flights 
via more routes 
to more destinations 
then any other agency 

■ Fast, esped, hlgh-tedh 
service ■ Free worldwide 
hotelfi car hire pass 
• up to £ 0 % discounts 
Open 9-S Mon -Sat 

ImmunisaUon, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map & Book Shop 

•&ti iwrftrjwrrT finife; 

42-48 Earl* Co4ort Road 
London Wfl BEJ 
Leas-Hool 01-603 ISIS 
EuropnniS* frl-937 5400 
1 slIBnslima 01-938 3444 



* icwrr 


* URfiOWE * 

* ensBAK * 

* WtLAOE * 

* S Af«CA * 


* HA 






* rr»;»T(j 
+ i Fiinfiis 

*ft MKsav * 

* TOKYO * 

* HAMLA * 

* BAHUW * 

* NAHUB1 * 



6 MIAMI # 

* CAfflftflN * *SfRAWISCD * 
it* SOUTH MffWCA ** 

* LISA * USA * USA 6 USA * 

9>l Smiib 5 l Epu» Sour* 

.Vij 2» v >-'2' I wr 



ura ■ Perfect ettmate. fobutauB 
wti wiw im. awMfh mod. un- 
umn#d mw. FhotasUc Daream 
prices tor May and June ***■ 
BUdon LUCS TraveL 
Ol 788 2200- 

BW I W nW ON ntghw/MB 
to Curare- USA * most dn^fa- 
liont. DManud Travel, at-730 

«mw up. mn phib nvn 

of FutiLwy can Qy m an y- 
wim cheaper Tinker with a 
befl on 01 631 3629- AMI 200G. 

HolxUyv - Creek uancu. Ca- 
nary HMmH and Turkey. 
■09SSI 771266. ABTA 


8HU Trawl. Td Ol 38S 6414. 

Ring HTT 01-930 2466. 

CHEAP ILDHTS Wottdwtde. 
HaymarKct 01430 1366. 

01-734 1812 J writer Travel. 

1 CAil. Fbr some of Pie Best deals 
oa fits, vinos, apev. nos a nd ear 
lure. TH London Ol 6566000. 
Manchester 061 852 2000. Air 
Travel Advisory Bureau. 
flWits e.p. Mo C4SS- _uma 
Cdas nn. am Sinau Craw> 
Holiday Journeys. JLA 01-747. 


USA. S. America. MM and Far 
East, s Africa. Trayvaie. 48 
PUrsPid Street. Wl. Ol 580 
2926 IVtaa AcrenUd) 

N/ YORK Miami LA. Cheaotat 
tares on nudor DA scheduled 
earners, abo trama U a rtte 

charters AfhahB w Canada. Ol 
584 7371 ABTA. 

fr £1699. First fr £2036. Syd- 
ney (r £669 rtn. Cotumbux. 
Cutlers Gardens. 10 Ocvrarahtre 
Square. EC2. 01 929 4251. 

Worldwide cheapest fares. 
Richmond Travel. I Duke St 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
RELIABLE l.tOEHSP) it Bonded 
low rat ntgm repera: Europe 
A W, wide. Freedom Holidays 
01-741 4686 ATOL 432 IATA 
Flioiits trom most UK airports. 
Many late special oners. Fautor 
Ol 471 0047 ATOL 1640 
TUMSU For that perfect holiday 

with sunny days A carefree ms 
Ideal Syrian/ Summer .Tunhtan 
Travel. 01-373 4411. 

AM BAIMAMS FR £40. Spain. 
Italy. Greece. Port. Canaries. 
Swit?. Germany. 01-434 4326 
ALICANTE, Fara. Malaga etc. 
enmand Travel ATOL 1783. 
01-581 4641. Horsham 68541 
AUSSIE. N.Z.. South Africa. 
U S.A. Hong Kong. Best Fares: 
01493 7775 ABTA. 
DISCOUNTS 1st /Economy Uch- 
(U. Try US last. FLIGHT- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100. 
ECUADOR TRAVEL specialists b> 
Laun America A Europe air 
fares. Tel: 01 -437 7634 ABTA. 
mm», CANARIES lowest 
fares. Can Biggies Travel. Ol 
736 8191. AMI 1893. 

Harr TURKEY. Idyllic beach ho- 
ld £199 In May Inc. nt. food, 
free w, sports. Ol 396 1005. 
LA MAMCA fHgfiU Gadwick to 
Murda. Beach Bay HoHdays. 
Td 0432 270186. AMI 
SYD/MEL £618 Perth £646 AB 
major ran lets to AUS/NZ- OX- 
584 7371. ABTA 
£466. 01-684 7371 ABTA. 



18 . 25. May 

SBectti oiler 18 Kay i weds 
al £i49 ml tad Orach VKh. 
FBghB. Ti a ll o ts. MHd Ser- 
vice. Aho 26th May l week at 
£190. 2 week* M £225. PM 
today At fly to the tun nod 

Nissaki Villas 

oi-sos nn 

ATOL 1696 

v : CORFU. NO tourism Restored 
trad use. breathtaking views, 
hug* terraces, sea ' io mas 
drtve. Stas d /B. Tel: 07977-202 

.1 1 1 rmnn 

World Holidays ox 734 

, |W - ..TUi:V; •vy . y 

839 COS6. Greek Sun Mondays. 

In nrtvase villa alps 4.S. £160 
n-w. TecOl 460 7891 
MODEM. many apt/baul train 
£1 29 p-p-inc. Tel: Steama 0706 

MIATHOl. Lux beach vflta. 0/8 
per*. 2 wks iram £280 ind . fll A 
ere* w/snrnm. W9SSD 246342. 

Simply Crate 
20/5. 2 weeks 

vbu with pool Steens 4 
£149. DJght + Aax an. 


01-994 4462/5226 
(24tea) ATOL 1922 





the Greek Mands on 36' 
Beneteuue. Dept 19 Stay. 2 wtes 
for only £199 ■*>- Also snares 
cany Jan. nouns SaWno HoU- 
dayK 01 969 6423/8140 


sterdam. Brunch. Bruges. 
Geneva. Bone. Luaanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe- Time <KT. 2M. 
Chester Close. London. SW1X 
7BQ. 01-236 8070. 

CYPRUS May/June 1 or 2 whs 
Holds/ Apts. Scheduled HtBtttL 
Ran World Holidays Ol 734 



BARBADOS Small Hotels. 7 
idghH Inr of Wghi and 
arcofiUtwii £384. Actum any 
£51. Suhable far uuttvlduaiB or 
groups. Ring far brochure. 
Budtet Travel 01-741 8491. 


CRAMD CANARIA Ptct u resq u e 
Ashing village of Magan. AM 
avauaote (ram May m OckAer. 
£95 B.w. Td 01036321 43822. 



hatfonr cheats return year 
after yean (And thafe the 
best advertisement you'G 
read on tte pageilCVBaveL 




Award Whmtag Scheme 

★ *★★★★ 

Truly Luxurious 

■laAl'.li/ilM'. I'll-^ 1 


Fall Sanon AsWUny 

Tel: (0625) S351 56- Anytime 


vntu A Apartments fton 
£195 per week. 

Ca9 Now 

0923 674310 

n— - c^pfine 

ATI aspects of furniture ami dock owe 
restoration skilfully tinrfcTTsikcn by fully 
experienced crafisnxcn tisinn trudiiiiutul 
uihinet-makingand polisliinfi iccliuiqtxe'i- 
Widc vpecinim of amines alert rcstorntnvu 
trades undcrukcii l»ys.|>ccialisiW ittciudixiKi 
. — Mtzrqurny — fiinfii/r 

— Clilrfntfz — /hiw/enrf Atartrm 

^ftanwg L'pAnktny 

— Turning — Km- f 'Mbiurt- 

— Units ftat/iie Mnkmg 

RcKiitir Service i«» l.tiwl'iii amt Ivimr.nBiniifv 


Moulin ni lkc- tliilioli \uih|ih- liimlMnr Itewam'. 
Aim h iJlrnu 

riiEoui win-.ti.uKKMi ifi mi« H*. hr uni j» huh*. 
BKAVtUl. WT.M7ftH.VM. U.VI (Ml. Iff. 
T MWM 91 43AO 


now urgently require to smrtdiase 

hnninfHnfav mnrh tyffar VahmH mw maila 

65 Mew Bond Street, W.l. Telephone 01-629 0651 


For sale tbrongh oar auction 
or Private Treaty Sales with- 
out charge or oh&guwn to 
seB. We are prep are d lo 
travel to yoor home. Write or 
telephone for free brochure. 

(Esl 1898) 

6, Adam Street, Strand. 
London. WC2N 6AA. 
Td: 01-836 8694/0939 . 



We tore a Banted, yet ife tialite 
Etkctioa of ptamaly invectKl 
prt pettks (tag lIk co»d in taah- 
umiUe itwu. or mapoDl noBfar 

Tat Brigtaoa WTO) SSMM 


North Wates £260. late caacH . 
tauorn. £20a 0248 680687. . 

BELStZZ PK. CXSSpw. 2 bed 
fum apt. MJn 6 mb, cu Mt 
only, aim BrtectMn avadatd* m 
St Jotim wood A w Hamp- 
stedd. A.CJLC. 686 8811. 

★♦1ST CLASS** 


Several nous** lo Kl Tetephone 
lor drtafe 8reU8M> HOHdaw 
02SS 336761 . 

ernes a vbxas m mnytamv. 

June Barnalra. MW some Btgh 
avaUanUHy JuN Franc*-. 10373) 

S. FRANCE. Charming small cot- 
tagr nr Beaten on H* aerre. 
Son S. ovaU June ■ Oct. £156 
pw. Ol 769 0919 aflor 2.00 HO. 

S. FRANCE house In ntedieval vil- 
lage IS fr *ra. SJt>" 6. Ft 
£IOOpw. Tel OX-722 3644 




COMBI. Nr. UNCOUL OaV a te* 







loci: Geo U Hiahogany taaem 
cabioei 30in. Geo U silver. 
card and mhitttu' isMes. 
Geo I walnut idboy and bu- 
reau. Geo m Chippendale 
dispiay cabmeL Rraency rose- 
wood -breakfram bookcase A 
sofa table, dafibaitr by 
G< lions. 6 good 18c tnk drat, 
era Hpahftlun full-ester bed 
James I daufeaf table, impor- 
biu lae I7c. riudberry long 
ease efociu by. Gm.TiwJk 
L ondon red hcxpiered Rod 
French bonOe bracket docks, 
17c wing alarm lamcro dock. 
The Tattler collection of com 
wetglus and m e asum . pair 
Gen II Bronze mwlwetgbis, 
r7c CancBelo Venetiaii scene 
A Ldy bortmu. 4 Geo 111 
Irish silver n n dtaucfcB and 
large Austrian wine cooler. 

. mid Ilk modd of seding race; 
Sdk and Persian nigs. 

Ax the Town HalL Clare. Wed 
21 May. 1030 am 

View day previous 2-7 pun. 
and morning of sale 8-10 am 

Oils (100 til) £2 by post from 
Boardman Fflte Arts AocUOn- 
eera Station Road Career. 
Hj verbid, Suffolk CB9 OEY. 
Td. (0440) 703784. 

Lob of tjhalra. kitchen 
UMes etc. etc. etc. etc. 

24 Radford Street 

BLACK 944 Turbo. Maw extras. 
Dfvry mUeape only. Htehret of- 
fer secures. 0952 46680. 

BOWLS. 19 cm. £90. Private 
■ale. 01 878 1899 
anDoue. waKhes Me. 
Bought, sold. 01 493 0462. 

TMHIMPM TIM 1982 grau Lite one . 
of only 18 mao* for UK. 3X6 
litre V8 rogue, 13.000 rakrs. 
petrol rad drophead. £14.750. 
Full ddafla UE 0726 4284 





A recently established Embassy in London re- 
quires 2 chauffeurs. . ~ 

Sound experience and good references essential, 
together with a dean driving license. 

The positions are open to both maTe and female 
applicants and the prefered age will be 35 years 
and above. A good salary commensurate whh 
age and experience will be paid. 

Please write, with full CV to Mr A Jorge, 5th 
Root, 87 Jermyir Street, London SWI. 

27/5. 2 wteks 

VHla dose to beam, free 
car. Steeps up lo 6. £299. 
FWtf + Accom. 


01-747 1011 


A vacancy has arisen for 
a trainee broker. The 
successful applicant will 
be aged 23+ and of a 
smart a pp e ar anc e. _ No 
previous experience nec- 
essary as fall training 
given. For a confidential 
imei veewOring Alistair 
McGinn on 01 283 6S27. 

KennY Danish's glittering 
iiKCTnafliQnai career, looks over 
three weeks short Of what would 
have been a . record fourth 
ap neanw 1 * for Scotland n the 

World Cup finals. The ICXhh cap 

he .woo against Romania tn 
March wiQ suttdy be the last for 
The 35-year-old .■ Liverpool 
player-manager, wher has with- 
drawn from the squad for 

Mexico with alcoec injury. ■ 
Dalglish dropped abroad hmt 
last week at his te st im o n ia l 
match when he said it would be 
“probably my lasxappeararice at 
Hampden Park". It is doubtful; 
whether Scotland will beseekxxq; 

bis services next season. 

If the news isacrushing Mow 
for Dalglish at the end of a 
season in which he las sacred 

iris dub to ihe EngJish League 
and Cup double, h is a greaser 
one for Afex’^ Eeignson,' the 
Scotland ma nag e r . ^ 

When Dalglish dedared him- 
self available a few months ago 
Ferguson immediately pencilled 
his name nx hfc^2-man apad. 
Ferguson, who had hoped that. 
Dalglish's infhtenbe.ana experi- 
ence off the field would be as 
valuable as his rich talent on it, 
admitted.' “It is a 'aeat loss. I 
was so taken, abode I had to ~ 

jump'd! the car tod go .for a 
drive. 1. needed time to think 
about a replaeemew and 
Aichibald was my immediate 
■.'chmce.-:' ' 

stamH^y; ^lia. but I have . io 
replace a striker Whh ji striker. 
Thr ^y. people enjoying their 
hreakfeaas-ioday «t 8 be Frane 
Bedtenbauer, West Cernan/s 
manascr^cpp PknxtdL of Den- 
made, and Omar 'Boros, of. 
Unguay-. After aft. Ttarigfisb is 
rec Qgi^^ everywhere as s 

; IfeTsnsQki (> ^ r Thaz i lK had 
betjx dxsappointed tfcafhc eotdd 
MJt incmde Aidritald earfier 
birfhehadnctf hadthetSueafio* 
the European Cbp find fosa: if 
he was haviiw any reaction to 

• his injury. **He played -on Sun- . 
day mgbL scoring agfmst Real 
; Madrm. and that satSfiednrehe 
was fit and fresh- Freshness at 
this tune trf the season omdd be 
very valuable.” r: 

Archibald, wbo is understood . 
to have signed a nfv five-year - 
contract with Barcelona, was 
quickly derted to fly home from 
S^isloioBi upwiihthtsqBad. 
woo todsy set oat for high , 
abitude traumig m Saste ft. 

Sue Mott 

1 : >■ .liiL 

*i'i ■ Vivr 1 





Barber and Slater set 
for a last dance 

Qy John Hennessy 

WAR MEDALS of World. 
SMBiifl my rattecom. nsb ici 
0492 49S7&.. 

tamUy paaUoHtai MM. loo- 
am and t* Oninny. exp + 
ret* ptont- BUtUSSo. 

pw ctegr. Call Jan* Slrrat Ol- 
37t 1662 Monroe Asy. - 

VENICE. Au pair min age 22 of 
good education lo look after 
Federico 12 >(p OHMS 49). June 
to S Ww f i g . N/a. driver, 
awanmer prefered. TOBtencM 
2111 THursday, 8 • OSOMta - 


Karen Barber and Nicky 
Slater. British ice dance cham- 
pions in 1984 in . succession to 
Jayne Torvill and Christopher 
Dean, are io skate together in 
the . World. Ice Spectacular in 
Birmingham on May 14. 

Barber and Slater split up 
alter the 1985 world champion- . 
ships, when Barber joined the 
Wodd Tour Company of 
Torvill and Dean. Slater got 
married -and pursued- a number 
of independent enterprises, 
including the role of producer of 
the Birmingham show. He had 
to be persuaded by a number of 
associates, his wife among them, 
before be would agree .to take 
pan himself. 

“There’ll be a lot of frantic - 
rehearsing.” Slater said yes- 
terday. “rve hardly put my 
skartes on in the last few months. 

Ji may well be the last time that 


World Cup 
hope for 

. England's selectors hare 
picked a squad of 28 players 
from which the fowl 16 will be 
chosen for the sixth World Cup 
tournament to be (Rayed -fin 
London .from October 4 to 19 
(Sydney Frisian writes). ' They 
Will attendah vining fArtvI gi 

Bisham Abbey from July U to 
*3- . • .-• ,V 

. Among the more prombfog: 
young players farrifed are Skhx- 
n«r» Feres and Soma Singh. The 
squad also indodear IB 
Ea^and players from the Great 
Britain -team-that went lo Ka- 
redd last month for The Cbxm- 
pieos Trophy tounxamem. . 

. »!sctadt . 

»»). H- OBI (Hounslow), p Cota 
goratoataii R Dodds (Southgate). ] 

Karen and I skah; together." - 
_ Barber, who lias just returned 
to this country at the dose of the 
Torvill and Dean worid tour, is 
uncertain whai programme she 
and Slater wQl be - aUe to 
present. “We’ve got to work out 
which routine we can get ready 
in time — and find out if Nicky 
canremember the step&F 1 ' 

The Efirxningbarii. show 'also 
brings together a jittering 
assembly of amateur and pro- 
fessional skaters including 
Torvill and Dean, Robin Cous- 
ins, Scott Hamiiton. as weB as 
the two present world individ- 
ual champions. Debi Thomas 
and Brian Boitano. A number of 
Soviet Union skaters will also 
take' part The event is "spoin 
sored by the Electricity Council 
in support of Sport Aid. jointly 
bunched by UNICEF and Bob 
Geldofs Band Aid Trust 

Aoki receives 
to the Open 

Isao Aoki, of Japan, has 
qualified for, tibe 115th Open 
..champl'ffiis^ at Trnnheriy 
. from July. 20, by . virtue qf 
holding nineteenth place- in the 
newly introduced Sony raakmgs, 
>hich are' sandfrmed by the 
-Royal and Andait (MndteO' 
Mans writes). 

AoK, who did not finish oct of 

(he frm 20 in the Open for five 
years front 197S, was not exempt 
from qul%j^ last- year so be 
-elected nm to compete, - . 

-The pnfofiem for Aoki, as for 
several otters* b that he bow 
competes on a global basis and 
frsds it dWirtifr to quafib 
rtrowgh the prder of merit of one 

The Royal nai Afldnt the 
«W»ri ef &cOpM. bare 
decided-.. to . extend adififtirr 1 
invitations to fee three Iralhfc 

u%.and these have- been 

A 1 • jLut. 

■» I .1 -J. » 'mA I 1 i ~t 1/w 

ii?*' •* 

5f f 

y f* 

■A / 


hahrastani to adva 
Derby claims by 
passing searching t< 

By Mandarin (Michael Phillips) 
Sbahrasiani, the second of Guy Harwood's Dertrv 
? x v °rf *“* entries, AUez MUotxLHctSJ- 

excellmt m i l l ' wuiora. nowev- 

S hi s ^S? fiL£- ad ' CT, he was receiving I3Jb from 


Khan *s «*lt bas A due to the strength of AD 
Sv^i^ 0116 dasac ^ Haste’s form should have 
SSnH on ^ come by then because, an boor 

*™f nd at Sandown this earlier, Verardi, who 
spring, so neither the distance third in that same race at 
^ the going should pose a Newznariwt contests the Glas- 
Prooiari ibis afternoon. The sow Stakes. And with KadiaL 
oppcwjoon is a different mat- PlaxloL Saker, Ship Of State 
ler, thoigh. and Wassl Reef also standing 

At Sandown Shahnstsm their ground thk is a tricky ■ 
had Sirk nine lengths adrift in little rare. *ncKy 

tou-d place. In the meantinie Kadial certainly shaped like 
auk has ran Nomrood to a a future winner at Newmarket 
neck in the Chester Vase with when be ran the well-regarded 
■ som e way behind Nino Bibbia to ihieeauarters 

m fifth place. Before that of a length. But in that same 
Hying Tno had beaten the race I also noticed Nino 
subsequent Lingfield Derby Bibbia’s less-fended stable 
TnaJ third, Tisn’t at Newmar- compaman, Saker. do like- 
ly which suggests to me that wise in sixth place. He has 
be is a better horse than about half a dozen lengths to 
Chester depicted. make up on KadiaL wfao had a 

With Henry Cecil stm much harder rare apod I rive 
sorting out his classic hand aD him a good chance of doing 
eyes will be on All Haste, who that 
ran such a promising race at Twelve months ago Jeremy 
Newmarket first time out to Tree and Pat Eddery teamed 
finish only a head behind one up to win the Hdfsten Pils 

Stakes with Portlaw. Now the 
same succestful trainer-jockey 
partnership are relying upon 
Advance, who is not without a 
chance even though he has a 
stack of weight to carry. 

In this instance I just prefer 
Freedom's Choice, who will be 
meeting Dorset Cottage on 71b 
better terms than when they 
finished third and fourth, 
respectively, behind Presidi- 
um and Cresta Auction at 
Brighton. For Esquire today's 
race represents a switch back 
in distance after having won 
well over a mile and a quarter 
at Chester last week. 

No matter how Esquire 
feres Barry HUb, his trainer, 
and Brent Thomson, his jock- 
ey, should still have some- 
thing to celebrate because I 
believe that the Mail On 
Sunday Three-Year-Old Se- 
ries Stakes is ripe for their 
recent Ascot winner. Great 

finish only a head behind one 

Today's nap selection, 
though, is entrusted to the 
easy Folkestone winner, 
Tnssac to continue Henry 
Cecil's good recent charge in 
the Davies Tate -Anniversary 
Stakes at Brighton. 

sees no 
danger to 
his filly 

By Michael Seely 

Midway Lady remained a firm 
favourite for the Oaks after 
Rejuvenate bad beam Ala 
Mabfik by a neck in a darfllleg 
finish id the Madina Stakes at 
York yesterday. The maer-up, 
previously fourth in the IJOQO 
OinMf — — - feeow Hfce a 
racket muter GndDe Starkey's 
d f tow n m wl Hiit l w? hot Just 
foiled to catch the Brent Thom- 
son-ridden winner. 

Bes Hanbury, Midway Lady’s 
trainer, was an inte res te d spec- 
tator. ‘‘Nothin® IVe secs in die 
trials since Newmarket has 
worried me,” he said afterwards. 
“You’w got to have plenty of 
speed to win a classic and ray 
filly has got a hell of a tarn of 
foot. Of course she's got to prove 
she stays the distance, hot oa 
pedigree she seems certain to do 

. Nevertheless it was stBD a 
brave performance by the win- 
ner, who had been locked in a 
battle with first SantOu and then 
Ala Mahtik. A bad su ff erer m 
the scrinunarins which took 
place during the Princess Eliza- 
beth Stakes at Epsom, after 
which Pat Eddery was gjhm a 
week's suspension. Rejuvenate 
was having ndy the second race 
of her career for KhaJed 

Barry Hills, her trainer, was 
delighted with the perform an ce. 

Rejuvenate holds the bite challenge of Ala Mahlfk in York's Mnsidora Stakes 

“Rejuvenate is still very in- 
experienced and once again 
dwelt leaving the stalls,” he 
said. “However, she's obviously 
got farther improvement and if 
she comes on the right way She'D 
ran a good race in the Oaks'* 
Frank Durr was similarly 
pleased with the nmner-up- 
. “GreviDe was delighted with 
her. He said that everything had 
gone according to plan and that 
she wfli definitely stay one and a 
half miles. She'S a certain 
rnnner in the Oaks.” Ladbrokes 
are prepared to offer 16-1 
against both fillies for the 

Michael Stoute was non- 

committal about Gdorspui and 
Santiki, who finished third and 
fourth respectively. “1 am afraid 
thaw's nothing much to say at 
present, although Qriotspm wffl 
obviously improve quite a bit 
after her first run of the season.” 
Untold, the Newmarket 
trainer’s Hoover FSUes' Mile 
winner and the only filly to have 
beaten Midway Lady, will make 
her reappearance in either the 
Sir Charles Clove Memorial 
Stakes at Newbmy on Friday or 
the Lope Stakes at Goodwood 
next week. 

A week's holiday in Spain has 
certainly done no harm to 
Eddery and the former cham- 

pion was in sparkling form, 
landing a 43-1 double on Jay 
Gee Ell and Philip. After watch- 
ing Jay Gee ED make every yard 
of the running in die EBF 
Zetland Stakes Eric EJdin said 
that the Queen Mary Stakes at 
Royal Ascot was now a likely 
target far his filly. 

Philip, Eddery's second win- 
ner was a surprisingly easy 

winner of the normally compet- 
itive David Dixon Sprint Tro- 

Eddery's a tte mpt to complete 
a treble on Rosedale in the 
Lambsoa Stakes was foiled by 
his yo anger brother, Pari, oa 


Sure Blade 
may miss 
Curragh for 

Green Desert and 
Huntingdale, second and third, 
respectively, io Dancing Brave 
in the 2,000 Guineas at New- 
market, have been installed co- 
fa vou rites at 5-2 for the Irish 
equivalent at the Curragb on 
Saturday (Michael Seely writes). 
Shuarood, who finished fourth in 
the same race and Fk> varan li, 
David O’Brien’s unbeaten 
Northern Dancer colt, are 
bracketed together at 9-2. 

Sure Blade, fifth in the En- 
glish 2,000 and the fourth 
English acceptor among the 
eight declared, will take part 
only if the going is good. 
Otherwise Sheik Mohammed’s 
Kris colt may be re-routed to the 
Prut Lupin at Longcbamp the 
following afternoon. “However 
now that the field is so small, 
we're going to have another 
look,” Barry Hills, said at York 

Now that the punters have 
snapped up all the realistic odds 
against Dancing Brave for the 
Derby like so many starving 
piranha, leaving 5-2 the best 
prize on offer, the 10-1 and 12-1 
against Fiovaranti and Allez 
Milord are the most attractive 
for those looking for value at 

A bold showing by All Haste 
against Sbahrasiani in this 
afternoon's Mecca-Danie Stakes 
would see a flood of money for 
Allez Milord. Held in high 
regard at Pulborough, Dancing 
Brave's stable companion gave 
131b and a head baiting to AH 
Haste at Newmarket 



Televised: JL35, 3JS, 3^0, 4.10 

Going: good 
Draw: no advantage 

2-0 DACE-A-ROUND’ YORKSHIRE STAKES <2-Y -ft £3440: 6ft (15 

Going: good to firm 

(£1,024: 2m 4f) (17 runners} 

i «Pi 

a eat 

17 4110 STORMY MONARCH G H Jams 5-10-8 GJoWt 

zooms TOO OFTENJB1 K Brdgwasw 7-10-5- V Worthfagton 

23 2000 Tamm TOOL Mrs WSrte* 4-102 HDmSm 

24 4000 GODFATHER'S GIFT J Jenkins 4-1 0-2 SStwrvood 

25 2S4Q EOOZEN M Didonson 7-10-2 PDwar Gofog: good 


S-IO-flRDunMOflr « <r rnni»w 


13 -104 KING OF SPEED 

14 244) DICK’S FOLLV 

15 ®63 GOLDEN 
19 060 JAMES 0E 

B Wise 7-8-4 „ L Riorio (7) 13 

7-94 InHowoS 

464 B Douse 5 

M Bacon 4-7-8 TVUm 12 

























_ P-1 Royal Cedar, 7-2 Catanzara, 9-2 Oaap And Evan, 6-1 
Coratan Lad, 8-1 Pantechnicon. 10-1 Conage Run, Stormy 
Monarch. 12-1 others. 

4L0 ABBERLEY NOVICE CHASE (£1,024: 2m) (13) 

1 FF01 

O^EmrfLa-l Pwtowood Shooter. « Damsrdsa, 8-1 Mark Angelo, ID-1 

Checkpoint, Gwc Times. 12-1 Gulf King. 16-1 others. 

FORM: 7EATSWOOO SHOOTS! 0MQ compteted wttotewWi It. Pontefract (Meat of 
Samieon BW) (51. £.1935, soft. Apr 23. 6 m). QUEL E8PMTCM) beat Quick Snap (8- 
1 1 ) 4L a* Sateoury (51. £2960. vow. May 7. 4 rani. OtteDERISF (9-T) had GALUC TIMES 
(94) 3L back to 3nJ when Thksk wvmer (5L £2375, soft. Apr 25. 9 rani PrawfouMv 

L back In 3 ri When THrsk wnner (5L £2375, so 
3USE (gg) DM) SCOTTISH FUNG ®-1 1) 1 1BL 
gncO»«4t to 19.7 r^GAUJCTWfeap-4) 
mCUEL ESPmT0MMSf. £368. good loso«, tort 

82*89. good to v olt. Ap r 19 
Ayr from QUEL ESPftfT(94 
near to cnalenge when Ba 
goott May MARK MQE 
mdn. £1060. soft. Mar 29). 

5Ci of fO to Za*»q (S-C 
(M )1 l/et. 2 ndgf 0 «i 

n had aartw scored By i/2L at 
at Newmarket f5r mdn. EK4S, 
WninTfo (9-Q) at Kapiton (5f 


as PPP SHALLOT DOT NRkfitdnia-KM), MrTHkiiaa(7) 

3-1 DuhaKow Boy. 7-2 Nokmoor PatroL 54 French 
Captain, Hy Tab, Non-Smoker. 10-1 Bto Boter. 12-1 

. Worcester sdfections 

By Mandarin 

2Jb Duhallow Boy. 230 Troop Leader. 3.0 Glen 
Berg. 3 JO Deep and Even. 4.0 Silver Wind. 430 

Tree Heritage. 5.0 Metsnzn. 


94 S4w Wnd. 114 Tom Brock. 7-2 Skytemfar, 5-1 
Shaich Out, 15-2 Chezari, KM Blua Cap, 16-1 others. 

Draw, low numbers best 

1.45 GORING SELLING STAKES (Drv I: £946: 1m) 

(11 runners) 

2 0/0 ELEPHANT BOY J Davies 4-94 JAdaowS 

a ooo YOUNG BOWS NCetenen 444 ACM9 

10 PERSIAN PERSON Gtfiacey 496 GStonl 

11 440- SOLSTKX 8BJ. (B) fl VOorspuy 4-S-6 NBob*rt»2 

13 400 TAME DUCHESS A Moore 49-o HWIgham7 

14 900 C0HS1Y PRMCE JBF) R Svnpson 3-8-7 SUMteoWiA 

17 8340 MV OERYA (B| M lomphra 3-6-7 RCochtane5 


20 Odd THE UTEfrahBssL Bower M-7 H Adams G 

22 039 CAM IN THE AIR (WP Butte 984 TWBtemsIl 

25 980 SWEET fOOL R Hodges 964 N Howe 10 

94 The Ute, 10930 Care in The Mr. 9-1 My Derya, 

Brighton selections 

By Mandarin 

1.45 My DeTya. 2.15 Dutch Courage. 2.45 
Korypheos. 3.15 TUSSAC (nap). 3.45 Dynamic 
Baby. 4.15 Detroit Sam. 4.45 Fleeting Affair. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
1.45 My Derya. 2.JS Dutch Courage. 2.45 Fei 
Loong. 3.15 Tnssac. 3.45 Dorade. 4.15 Voracity. 

21 190 PETT VEREROS Dow 7-7-7 P Sams (7)1 

23 040 MCAMC 0 Tucter 5-7-7 Date Gbson p) 2 

9-2 Kta a Speed 114 Golden Beau, 6-1 BondOeater. 7- 

2 Bay Pteston, 15-2 Safe Custody. B-l Fei Loong. MafUr, 

Y-a £2,603: 6f) (8) 

1 -804 QUARRYV1LLE K ftnssey 98 GDoRMdS 

21496 TUARJH (USA! A SfewanS-8 M Roberta 6 

3 12-1 TUSSAC (USAU))H Cool 98 W Ryan 1 

4 1-80 BAKERS HUGH G Lewis 95 PWSidfnnr 

B 014 ANN AESTHETIC (DUSutcWa 92 AUcGtoneS 

13 0 NORTHERN MPULSE B GuOOy 90 UWuham4 

: B Gudby 90 HWighumA 

4.45 Princely Estate. 

York selections 

By Mandarin 

20 Quel Esprit. 235 Saker. 3.5 Freedom's Choice. 3.40 
Shahrasiani. 4.10 Great Leighs. 4.45 Bien XXsrodou 
By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Mark Angelo.2.35 Saker. 3. 5 Dorset Cottage. 3. 40 
Shahrastani.4.10 Brazzaka. 4.45 Bieq Dorado. 

By Micted Seely 

3.5 FREEDOM'S CHOICE (nap). 3.40 ShrimstanL 4.10 Great 


3 M TROOP LEADER (C-O) F Walwyn 7-tl-S Xteaw 

5 mo BttLBGH J R BosUy 8-10-12. IIBMtay(^ 

235 GLASGOW STAKES (3-Y-O: C & G: £&43fc In 21 110yd) (lift 

20« 96 CHAUVE 30tRR> (Sir P Qp u eshs b aerl 5 WbSQO 6-1 

205 2 

207 909 

208 0 

3B 096 

210 ■ 

211 23-4 


214 22-2 

215 3 v 

94 ndd. 3-1 tfemdL 4-1 WtofIJteef, 6-1 Baker; 10-1 Chaim Souris. 12-1 8Mp , 
of State. 14-1 Plratol. 20-1 other* 

2m) (12) 

1 3PR) AACK RAMSEY l»F WWwyn 91M KMeoney 

5 -POP AIIAWTISSflOjG Baking 8-11-5 BRaMy 

8 0040 MAUSTRANO PR T Casey 5-11-2 RDuMootb 

9 0002 JAPE AW) MAJIOWO (B) (PKOP) G ^ 

11 4000 BALUO* ® B PfBBCo 5-10-13 RSuon0t 

12 1300 ARBfTRAm (CQ G Thomar 5-1912 HOswM 

14 mu 8AUIANQ9 Eat Jones 8-199 J Doyle (f) 

15 OPTO TRUE HERITAGE A J W9son 7-198 P Scudamore 


7-ID-BMnC Mam (T> 

18 4000 DEWBirKMGfD) Mrs J Cnrft 


20 0000 DOBSONS CHOICE (ME Ewans 9193 PMmr 

21 8442 HR» HEAVEN (D) A Moore 9196 G Moore 

54 Jade And Diamond. 2-1 True Heritage. 4-1 Jack 

Ramsey. 14-1 Malstrano . 16-1 High Heaven, 33 - 1 others. 

35 POP WANTWOKaWlopA-KW. — SEsrtaW 

36 WPP WRU CHMES DH Robinson 7-197 _ MrD Robfemi 
. 4-5 TVoop Leader, 4-1 BeeWQh. 11-2 Rattmfl Syfce, 191 

Mtoter Wtoiia-l Prince Moon, Saucy Signor, 14-fodiera. 

( 12 ) 


£»K*r< 5-* 2.15 KBF DfTCHUNG MAIDEN STAKES (2-Y-O: 
,0rs - £1.781: 51) (8) 

p 9AS - 1 4 DUTCH COUtAGED Money 90 B Rouse 8 

C(C1^44. z 23 FRENCNTUmON(BP)RHannon90-~ AMcGkMe2 

3 MmttR R Airnavong B-0 P Tuft 7 

KMoonav 5 M SANDHURST (BF) (0 1 P OavJefl 96 — J Reid 5 

~"~ n£!Z 6 » SEGOVIAN W WlqlWan 90 DMckayl 

8 FLEET PACT B H&6911 : G5teikey« 

nwcocoj g 0 HM0BBEJ8ndgar9n TWjUmraS 

Shenmod 10 0 QUITE SOW Jarvtt 911 R Cochrane 6 

RSnonoe 74 FfeM S=act. 94 Prendv Tuhion, 92 Dutch Courage, 91 

H Dawes kJthar. 191 Sogotfan, 12-1 Sandhurst, 14-1 others. 

_ J Doyle (4) 

p Scudamore 2.45 ALDRINGTDN HANDICAP (£2,674: 71} (13) 

aCHcrnm 2 040 K QRYPHB QS(t>0}S Oo*f7-98 W Ryan 11 

11 6 91-0 GWTEEN SOV rC-0) R Hannon 493 AHcGfcme7 

fcTOflrt-am 7 930 MY PRESTOM K BtBsaey 4-91 SWhterenhS 

P iSmt B 090 SAFE CUSTOOT M FaathorsoofrGoater 

GMut __ 4-9-13 GStmtoy 4 

9 964 PEI LO0NB E Bdkt 5-58 G«agp)6 

othiL 10 -600 NAFT1R N Calaghan 4-8-6 RCoctvane9 

°™ 1 *- 12 209 BOND DEALralb)RHodgae 955 MWqPiamlO 

H P0RLTS PAS) (CAN) O Dowsb 911 — 2 

15 0 POINTED LADY (USA) R Armstrong 911. - G Sexton 8 

1911 Tusanc. 91 Quanyvna, 91 Fork’s Fair, 91 Turfuh, 

3j 45 GORING SELLING STAKES (Div II: £946: 1m) 
( 10 ) 

3 090 ELM COTE LAP C Homes 499 JWBhraB 

4 409 EQWPPQ) FOR DUTT ffl) PBudar 4-99 —2 

6 HRACLE TOOL MCaseil 499 —5 

7 009 MOHT WALLER JBndnw 499 NDawe7 

9 096 HAXSWOOOB&£ty496 M Mohan 1 

12 -000 SUPERFR0STJF0X496 BCrailey4 

15 900 DORADE D Money 997 GOulfleidS 

16 440 GREY DRAGON (BIWGM Tdmer 3-97 RCuaM9 

23 900 DYNAMC B4BVra A tnghain 3-84 J Reid 10 

24 496 L’ETOILE DU PAUUS B Sevens 3-8-4 _ R Caner (5) 3 
11-8 Grey Dragon, 3-1 Dynamic Baby, 44 Dorade. 

4.15 MADEIRA HANDICAP (£2,924: 1m 4f) (9) 

1 009 V ORACIT Y (P) J Winter 7-910 GScaritayS 

5 922 DETRCrt SAM |PR)(BF) R Akehurst 58-8 . G Baxter 2 

7 962 JANUS (C-D) Mrs NSratti 84-3 B Rouse 1 

8 930 LOHGSTOP (C-OI P Makn 4-6-3 TWBhn— 4 

7 962 JANUS (DO) Mrs NSratti 84-3 BRousel 

8 930 LOHGSTOP (DO) PMakn 4-8*3 TWKan«4 

9 910 TtMTCHINGLY MBohon 6-8-3 R Carter (5) S 

10 424 HTOKINDMariay 97-12 GDuffiefcJ9 

13 21-0 KUO STAR IDI R Hodges 97-11 MWMumS 

14 flffl-0 TRAFPITAl® DBsworth 5-7-7 D Smm8 



304 22161-0 

305 160960 

306 9609 

308 481921 

309 100096 

312 0118 

313 W096 

314 021-03 

315 212194 

316 OT2996 

317 3K90O 

320 KWHJI CREEAGER(D1(JM Bony) WWfc»t0n 4-8-0 (5ex)^_ NCWMI 

3-1 Esqtdra, 91 Craewar. 92 Star Of A Gunser. 114 Freedom Choice, 91 
Merle, Advance, KM DoraefOoBaga. 14-1 othare. 

'V. ' lrui 

64 GMn Barg, 7-2 BicMaigh Bridge. 91 Dingbat, 91 
Barol. 91 Gtanmai 191 Greenwood Laol9l othere. 


(£1,042: 2m 41) ^5) . 

4 PM2 DEB* AMD EVB4 (BP) FWWar 911-8 

9 WOP 
TO 01P2 
12 004 
14 2F34 


2-1 Gardeners Choice. 91 KArgtor. 92 Destroy. 91 
Metman. 191 Emman te ar. 12-1 CM) Bank. 291 oCiers. 

• Dawn Run Iras been voted National Hunt 
champion for the 1985/86 season by the 
Racegoers Club's racehorse of the year paneL 
Dawn Run, who has only had three outings - 
felling twice - in England this season, won the 
Tote Cheltenham Gold Cup two years after 
taking the Champion Hurdle. Dawn Run won 
with 14 votes more than the Champion Hurdle 
winner. See You Thai. 

York results 

G Armytaga. 91L ALSO RAN: 9-4 fev 
Auohra Boura, T2 Baylwm Sir Vardon 
teS). 16 Jot Station #h). 20 Tba Ruft «L 
W&wtry m. 33 Cretxiys Kit Jih). SO 
Shady Den. Mansion Atouretidtr (dr). 
Polar Express, Simon BoNvar teU). Swag 
iacte ^ i) Abbey Avenue (put. 15 ran. il. 
3L W Kemp at A&ferd. TmbE480; £1 JB0. 
E2J», 2260. DR £1990. CSR £1528 
Tricast £8075. 

Monday night 

&40 MECCAOANTE STAKES (Groups ft 3-Y-O: tWB4s 1» 2f 
iioyd) P) 

401 2 AIL 

402 36092 

403 mm-w 

4QB W 

408 91 

409 429132 

4f1 314 our —ji i n suutfi ■■ ■■■■—■■ ■ — — — - - - - - — 

4_5 SMhrastart, 91 M Haste. 91 MomraoeL 91 PifogTH* 191 SWc, 391 
DHong tete. Top Btear 



L 11-2 Htem Brown. 84 
Tree Rani. 191 All AanwO. LocMAm 
— ■ 291 Androx Lad, Dws&s Lad. Kafr's 
291 China Gold. Mendb* 

tonwitete. 1091 Yari. 15 

rat 4L hd. W, 1L1I. NJ^ajWWtojt. 
Tot* aSft K50, 222a 020; Of 
El AAoTcBt £91-92: Tricast £42057. 



501 VO* 

502 063366 

503 HW 

505 2221-1 


5« 1910 

513 0M 

514 40166 

940 tim 21 HOydfc 1 REJDVBW7E (B 
Thonwp n.O^: HaMM (G Sterfcay 

11 -4k 3. Coferepki (S Cauthen 91). Abo 
rarest fav SanMum, 1 1-2 Anon Lasw 
j^^g-1 lock 

I.B'HHsat Lrenbourn. Tate: £540; £229. 

| £1-90 OR EOJKt C8F: £184)0. 2TB 1329s. 



cm ^ 

tee M 


604 0 


% l 

rare .15-2 Duncan Idaho (4th). 291 

txjffloPsi. 5araF£24J9L |it2-3Ss ’ 

4AQ nm 1ft 1, tONOOM BUS pi 

Abo ran: Mw Auctton Fairer («W, 91 

ran 1W, 1 RL hd. B. VL JW IMMte et 
ffetmond. fete: £200; £1.1.9 Jte-70. 
£7JW: DP: £1529 CSft £374)8; Tricaat 
£46248. In S3299 
fterapot Em.7BJaekp*»«w<«». 


" 5L Jtumarat 

n.fO. DF: E1JJ0.CSF: £544. 

350 0m 2f O0 1, HASTY RETREAT 
S Andrews. 2 Orate Ha — “ 
Barbar. 169^* 3. Curtate 

ALSO RAN: 91 «• maw 


Atafer Krtght 
NR App*0ia FaA G 
Humhray at Andovor. Tote: £1070: 
£140. £259 £1.19 OR *144)9 CSF 

420(3m2Tch) 1, SsnFTCtinRBiriMr 
‘ Oaf Fbh (Miss S 
. Aryfl VWtay (Mr T 
ALSO RAM 3 Another 
7 Doubly Smart; 11 
U Rida te Down, 20 
33 Bfeok OuaL S3 Bfeck OuaL 
L O' Arty Spies. Boot 
, General Burton m. 
l^rea. NR: lObrannan. tut ak. 
2. fQ, 2K.J Mann at TatewontLTDte: 
£569 £219 £229 £120. DR £3029 
CSR £54.71. Another Piper flnishad 
Moond, knowing e stewards' inquiry, ms 
diaquaWad and pieced test 
420 (2m M CM 1. Mt MGLUMS (Mr S 
“ * 1 m (Mr W INUm. 


7-2k 2. ThwswitEh pi-10 layk 
Bwfeara 412-11. « re"; Nfc. 2»L R 
Hannon. Tote: £4.29 £1 .19 OA0. E3L49 

7.16 (im 3) 150yd) 1- Oo tag 

- ' - 2 Peuncoirt (9lj. 

19 ran sniw.lKL 
£230. £229 £2.79 
£57.76. Trteast 

Going: soft 

£804: 3m 110yd) (9 runners) 

1 -12U OraBEC«EF(C-0)HBweUy 

1912-7 K Andmon 0 

3 1-12 AVMO ACE OF) A Cafe® 1912-7. Mta DCaMar Q 

4 4UR) PEACE C LASHW A Stephenson 912-7. jGrMBa>(7) 

6 /P9 BtSTAMT FREEZE B McLean 9126 — 

7 9P0 MELODIC LAD (D)WLamarquo 

1 1-12-0S Condnshan (7) 

8 43FU MR NASH TDDui 912-6 — 

9 01/4 LOCH BRANDY Mis J teven 911-9 — 

10PPFB SATTNANDA F TWaltOfi 911-9, JWatkm 

11 VBtOMCA CRESS0A J McNeB 1911-9 J GntSick (7) 

11-8 Chaerie ChW. 7-2 Flying Acs. 4-1 Peace dash. 

Ayr selections 

By Mandarin 

5.45 FVymg Ace. 6.15 Saleander. 6.45 Warwick 
Suite. 7.15 The Thinker. 7.45 Hardy Ranch. 8.15 
Old Nick. 8.45 Border Tinker. 


1 1PN DOROWCUMJC-OXBR GWRicrianfe 7-11-8._ PTUcfc 

4 Mi SALEANDS? Mbs M Bwtson 10-11-1 Mr T Reed 

& fsM HCXD OFF 911-0 — 

7PF04 HARACAS BAY N Waggutl 7-11-0. Hbn T Wnggott (7) 

13 2-Ptt BLENCATHRA T D Dun 11-199 TGDui 

14 0PP- CELIA JRcbfKon 9199. — 

15 OOOP ADEN APOUjOT C raig 9197 

16 0000 RUN Qranbertaoi 9192 MrSC0Mngtaa(7) 

11-4 Doroncum, 3-1 Sealeandar. 4-1 HaU Off. 91 

Maracas Bay, 91 Btencathra. 191 RUc. 12-1 others. 

6.45 LAGG NOVICE HURDLE (£727: 2m) (16) 

3 3110 WARWICK sunt fC-OKBFi (B1 M ^ ^ 

8 021 MARTIAN BABY (E6 SJLeadMtter 4-1 1-1 
11 1X30 BUTOGGSUKrawn 911-0 

15 960 fUMBALDASBOY J GThora5-11-0 

16 -634 PRME STONE G W Richards 9114) 

17 4040 PRWCEOBBWNR Aten 911-0 

18 m- PRMGLE T Craig 7-114J 

19 0 m RAPID BEAT WA Stephenson 9114) 

22 D0P0 TOP tJTHE OEAM J I ChariSMi 911-6 

23 Wm BIRAS CHEEK CF)(B)JSWteon4-19B 

24 0FOO BRIGNT SUGQESn® T Gokte 910-9 

25 CR0S8Y WAVES R Ittwn 19199 

26 DEVON PaCOVEHYWHCrawta rd 4-199- PCteMg 

Course specialists 

14 0/2-0 TRAFFITANZl DBsworih 97-7 0 SmmG 

15 00-0 STARDYN P MtcheU 4-7-7 GCwte (3)7 

91 Detroit Sam, 7-2 Janus. 91 TrafftanzL 91 Voracity. 7- 
1 Longstop. 191 Hyokin, 12-1 Kkl Star. 14-1 others. 

4.45 MARINA STAKES (3-Y-O: £859: tm 21) (11) 

1 1 RXETWGAFFWR(D)G Harwood 3-^ GStaakey? 

3 000 CARDAVEM McCormack 90 RWBrahamB 

4 090 HALO HATCH K Brassay 90 SWMteanliS 

7 090 uwsnuiuSPCoie90 P WaMran 1 

8 922 PMNCELY ESTATE (BP) JWWar 90 J Raid 4 

6 0 TO4XER TYPE M Tompk*&90 RCodnneZ 

10 044) TIWCBC 0 M oriay 9 0 GDufEeidtB 

11 009 TURN FOR TWTCIrBI J Fftcri-Hoyes 90 — ACMkl 

12 03- LOBBINO JOuVop 911 B Rouse 0 

13 00-4 OMAWAR Harmon 911 AMcOfeM 11 

14 06 RABA8 JOunop 91 1 RFoxS 

4-5 Fleehnq Mtwr. 10930 Halo Hatch, 91 Tumwric, 91 

Louano. 191 Mrestadis. 191 omen. 

29 RAIN8EAM Mrs JWte 9196 — 

30 OFO TUVALU J Roonson 9199 MrRRohteren 

31 4000 ALLEZ (NNChanteertam 4-194 UrS Cumungtam (7) 

92 Martian Baby. 91 Prune Stone. 4-1 BSraa Crook. 91 
Warwick SUte. 91 Rapid Beat 191 Pnnce Oberon. 

(£1,932: 3m 3f 40 yd) (4) 

2 HIS 

1 $& 

1l6 Casa Krape, 92 The TWnker, 91 Mbs Ruttash. 91 
Drops O'Brndy. 

2m) (6) 

2 2300 HOIA (HI R F Fisher 7-11-7 M Mortar 


7-11-3 (6M)MlteaBwnd 

4 3 1P0 WAROSOFF (B)T A Cuthtwl 91913 - — 

5 00PP PRMCE SWEET (BJ GW Richards 91 90- DCoaUny 

8 4P1P ANOTHER HALfVd) D McCan 910-9 - 

8 F442 RIGHT CLOIH3Y P Udde 9190 GMuAi 

94 Another Hall. 3-1 Hardy Ranch, 4-1 Right Cloudy, 91 

Nema, 91 Wardsoh. 191 Prince Sweet 

2m) (6) 

1 0111 OLD MCKJC4QJ Hanson 911-10 

2 2300 H9IA (B) R F Fisher 7-11-7 



3 J030 COGRA MOSSID) J L GouUing 9116 JGatedma 

4 0344 KM’S DEUGHTJ I Qartion 7-11-4 REamshaw 

5 612 DOWEGUN 01 M T Bowker 9106 CGrart 

11 P-m TASTY GirtJgRF fisher 7-195 

16 0420 SPECIAL SEmEMBiT (USAMD) R Aten 

5-1 90N Doughty 

Evens Old Nick. 91 Cogra Moss. 91 Dowegtan, 91 Ida's 
Defaght 191 Specul Settlement. T91 Tasty Guy. 


(£685: 2m 6^(11} 

2 0141 SCOTTISH SaiHH (CJWHCrawtord 

4 3011 BORDER HNKER J I Charitti 911-4 

7 2-P? MIGHTY MARKJW) F T MWun 7-1913... VtJWalS 

8 U1« EASTER BMC G W RfchanJs 9198— „ P OVoanal (4) 

T? S 

12 rnu PAY 20HE J Hanson 919, 

W 0000 HAYASIfl C B Booth 9106 DDuttra 

15 0W1 TAXOOIUM M T Bowkar 6-10-8 _C6rate 

22 mm PLAYWGNM Pringle 7-190 PTucfc 

23 403F PRMCE BUBBLY Awson 9106 DWteteaoa 

11-4 Swkl Howe. 91 Easter Brig. 91 Border Ttaiear. 91 

Jay Bto Thaw. 91 Scottish 

.191 Pay Zone. 

Dee (N Adams. 39 

94): 3. WM Nova 

(1 3-8 lav), liran. %C2V.LPCtmdeR.TnK 
2T7.00; 020. £1.40. £1-60 DF: £204.20. 
CSF: £109-34- After a stewards' inquiry 
the result stood. 

8.1© {80 1. Touch of Grey (W - 
Stenbum. 19fk Z Fudge (19U 3. No 
BeaUiig Harts (156 f»L 12 ran. 51. 1L D 
fean/Tote: £1569 £920. £860. £14B. 
OF: £52269 CSF: £17649. Tncasfc 


Ei.aa £i. 

CSF: £762. 
Pl ac o pofc £965. 

STva P cV;; ! 



TRAINERS; H Cadi. 10 wlnnere from 18 
runners. 555V G Harwood. 26 (ran 107, 
2&2%.BH*s. 14 from 57. 246%. 
JOCKEYS: G Starkny. 32 Miners from 
161 rates, 1991b; A McGtone. 15 from 


TRAINERS: G Richerds, 36 wamers from 
195 runners, 189%: W A Stephenson, 19 
from in. lt.1%: R Faher, I7lmm 109 

Going: Good 
90 an) 1.1 

t(H Brown. 911:2, 

U Brigarone 94 tavV 14 mi!m4b E 
E&r. Touc E1tL» £939 £169 £4.10. 
DF: EZ7.89 CSF?u929 

SwiigMipe Mh), 25 Buck And Wing. 
Takapafpu)- 10 rare hlfft Coksnbus.Dear 
OctopusTsCSL 4L dfst, 8L Mrs A VV&rat 
Bcrya Gtenunds. TOM: UMK £1.89 
£3.00, £1979 OF: £1030. CSF £2977. 


aokvftm . oanp* 

' ms (2m iiad flap 1. sars AT '-me 

sjopm 4f oh) I.NBSTWOOD NOMAD 
OUmSSSr, Keep RNKCt te?,1 Spsmi The Ho otae. 50 Cootarap (pu). iron Bar, 

M VXal Ftere, 7-2 Share* « awjMWB. V-* i-re™- 

K 0 boi*dt*tol SfcllfeM' 

R«. Combe My. Orem Gad. Nnu Mati 
fna-ihurnhare Ho. p ran. wfc Unto 
Bentley. Singing Seat Gantt Stow, nk, 

£539 £1« £1.19 £999 DR £939 

CSF: £959. ^ ^ 

ftomn Jack On** (tear (Hi). 11 ran. 
iq. 19,4.' 1jj.J_a . Lora SomaHajtan at 
Lowestoft. T0T& £949 E1J9 E1.1Q, 
£239 Dfe£939 C8P. £11 M. 

930 m i. owmramoN wr 
. UBoafefeck- l93ts^fep^teiULT«ed»e 

£87.89 E7J39 £120. £129 £1 W- DR1M 
or 2nd with any other? £1.70. CSR: 
2150.49 Tricaat 640037. 

79 An JJ) 1, ftooon-PoU (M Bemem, 
2&-1K 9 JM>ny Chtes (7-4 lev); & Bingn 
ffi-1) i ran. K4, 1L8J LeatSmter. TotB: 
£4339 £939 £1.49 £1^49 DF: £85.00. 
CSF: £7921.. 

T^D (2m 4f) 1, Secret KAMI ID CODOBk. 
5-1); 2, Katie Mao{@-i (Wav). 3, Duke of 
Done (9*2J. it ran. H same. W A 
Stephenson- Tote £8.49 £239 £>39 
£249 DF: £1239 CSF; £2227. Tricast 

8J(3no Ab an doned due to hah wands. 

M0 tm U AmmtG Marker. 5-1): 2 

JOCKEYS: N Doughty. 32 winners from 
103 rates. 196V R LanSs. 25 tram 129 
195%; P Tuck. 18 from 112 176%. 

TRAINERS: L Kenrard, 23 w tn nera from 
96 runnars. 229%: F Winter, 11 from 49. 
294 v J jenkina. 25 from 110, 227V 
JOCKEYS: S ShecwocxL 15 wlraiera from 
42 rides. 35.7%; P Scudamore. 35 from 
195. 179%. H Davies, 27 Horn 172 

Blinkered first time 

YQIBt 4/40 VHal Form. 

BmcKFON: 2.15 Santiturst 

Dodtc (9-2). ii ran. it, seme, w a • Peter Walwyn plaits to Rive 

his Gimoack and Middle rark 
g^DF. £12^9 CSF. £2227. TYicast Stakes winner Stalker his fitsi 

U(3no Abandoned duetohrah rends, run of the season in the Leisure 





— •ifkUtw — 

^Ultimate in permanent private suites 
^Superb view of play 
^Special all Inclusive packages for 
client entertaining arranged 
^Enquiries welcome for ail Yorkshire County Matches 

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Greenidge on 
the warpath 
as Hampshire 

forge on 

TremletL thanks to the consis- 
tent — **- — J ,: “ 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

Surrey and Hampshire were 
almost certainly playing for 
survival in the Benson and 
Hedges Cup yesterday, with 
• the losers having only a re- 
mote chance of remaining in 

the competition. With seven 
left th< 

overs ten the match was still 
wide opai, Hampshire being 
195 for six in reply to Surrey’s 
239 for seven. 

lie groundsman had pro- 
duced a good pitch, wonder- 
fiiDy good considering all the 
rain. That Hampshire chose to 
field must have been because 
they are better chasm than 
pace-setters. There was noth- 
ing much in the pitch as 
Butcher, chipping die ball into 
the gaps, got the Surrey in- 
nings going. In Clinton's ab- 
sence with a thigh strain. 
Richards went in with Butch- 
er, and held off Marshall's 
opening burst It shows how 
much Richards has come on 
with the bat that Surrey have 
no qualms about sending him 
in first. 

There cannot be many bet- 
ter drivers through extra-cov- 
er than Stewart (his father, 
Mickey, was more a hooker 
ami cutler and worker of the 
ball), so that it was not long 
before Nicholas gave him a 
deep, wide long-off. It was 
there that that he was caught 
at 103 in the 31st over. 
Butcher had mis-hit Tremlett 
to long-on by then, and in the 
last over before lunch. Lynch, 
sent bade by Jesty, was run out 
by Robin Smith from short 
backward square-leg. It was 
Lynch's call, and there was 
just a run there. 

This may well have been the 
turning point- Well as Jesty 
played for die rest of Surrey’s 
innings Hampshire were able 
to contain his partners, thoiuh 
Doughty did hit Nicholas for 
six down to the Vauxhalf End. 
With Jesty doing the same off 
successive balls, Nicholas was 
die costliest of the Hampshire 
bowlers. The most successful 
was not Marshall but 

cashes in 

By Peter Ball 

Essex are enjoying themselves 
West Country oppo- 

i enjoying 
against West Corn 
sition in their Benson and 
Hedges zonal matches. After 
their 277 against Somerset, their 
batsmen took equal toll yes- 
terday of some loose 
Gloucestershire bowling, with 
only a violent riposte by Curran, 
supported by a well-grafted 78 
from A they, threatening their 
grip on the match. 

Chasing 272. Gloucestershire 
had a difficult beginning. 
Stovoid fell in the first over with 
only a wide on the board and 
Romanies and A they both 
looked uncomfortable against 
the accuracy of Lever and 

Slowly Gloucestershire set- 
tled. as Athey began to play with 
increasing freedom. Their 
progress could not match 
Essex’s, however, and when 
Romaines was brilliantly taken 

high to the right of slip by East, 
their stand of 1C 

109 had occupied 
32 overs, to leave them needing 
151 off the final 20 at tea. 

In contrast to 
Gloucestershire's beginning, Es- 
sex were given an explosive start 
by Gooch. His 50 came off only 
45 deliveries, leaving the firm 
foundation on which Prichard, 
Border, Fletcher and Pringle 
built steadily. 

On an easy-paced wicket. 
Walsh could do nothing to 
revive the winter's nightmares 
and Gooch was merciless, hook- 
ing and driving his wayward 
efforts savagely. His treatment 
of Lawrence was only margin- 
ally less severe. 

After Gooch's departure, 
chopping Walsh on to his 
stumps, the nagging medium 
pace of Bairibridge and Payne 
briefly slowed their progress. 
But the compact Prichard and 
the more bdugenent Border kepi 
Essex firmly on course until 
Border also played on just 
before lunch. 

Prichard reached his SO two 
overs after the interval before 
becoming Bain bridge's second 
victim but the return of Walsh 
ve Fletcher and Pringle a 
. start to their partnership, 
time Payne was less effec- 
tive as the pair put on 87 in 14 

Fletcher eased the ball to the 
boundaries and while Pringle 
stood up to hit the former 
Surrey player for a six and two 
fours m the arc between mid- 
wicket and the sight screen, 
reaching bis half-century in 55 
balls, only ten more than 

This u 

*G A Gooch b Walsh 51 

B R Hardee S»w*l b Lawrence _. 4 

PJ Prichard b Belntridge 52 

A R Border b BdnfarkJoo . 31 

KWR.FtoKMreBanErtdaebUWSh 42 
DRPmglftitttoiit 56 

tbEEastCAWflyftUwreic* 7 

STt raarc Bainbndgeb Lawrence Q 

N A Foster not out - 

Exam <tt> 14, w 8,nb2) 
TjQtifl {7 wte. 66 ovens) . 

... t D Toptey , J K L ovardd not bat " 
FALLOF W0KEIS: 1-40, 2-79.3-142,4- 

158, 5-246, 6-260, 7-261 . 

UpWUNG: Lawrence 11-1-57-3; Moth 

S** 1 * 115575; BsnbriOng 
t (bamnay 70- 

FW Romaines c East I) Foster _ 

KMCurannotout _ 
P C am b ri d ge not out . 
Extra* — 

- 7 

form Hampshire _ 
in 10 overs and were 91 after 
only 18 when Terry was first 
out, hittiagalong hop to short 
mid-wicket It had begun to 
look by then as though Hamp- 
shire would win in a canter. 
But in the next 16 overs they 
scored only 44 runs while 
losing Greenidge, Robin 
Smith and Nicholas. Butcher 
tan out Nicholas in the first 
over after tea with a direct hit 
from short fine leg, a brilliant 
piece of fielding. 

It was any one's game after 
that. Hampshire choose 
Turner for their one-day 
matches rather than an extra 
bowler, and they were glad of 
him now. Running well be- 
tween wickets and looking for 
the gaps, he and Christopher 
Smith went along at the five 
runs an over that Hampshire 
needed when they came to- 
gether. They had put on 53 in 
11 overs when Lynch sent 
Turner bade with a fine diving 
catch at short extra-cover. 


A R Barter c R Smith b Tiwntett __ 59 
+C J Rtatwids c Parte b Trended — 10 
A J Stewart cRarirtbTrwrtett — 25 
M A Lynch run out — 22 

A wSmcWfliotas b Tfante tt — . .§ 
MAFeimamnotout 6 

Extras (I> 8. w 12, nb 1) 
Total ( 7wUs. 55 (Mrs) . 

. 21 

G Monktxwsa, "P A Rocoefc dM not bat. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-26, 239. 3-103. 4- 

BOWLING: Marshal 11 -1-34-1; Connor 
11-1-430: Tremtett 11-1 -30-4; Owdti' «- 
050-1; Nicholas 11-0-744. 

0 Toner c Lynch b Monkhoum 
MD Marshal OFococfc 

NG Cowley not out 

Total (6 wkts. 48 overs) 196 

T M Trendatt, tH J Parts sod C A Connor 
to bat 

FALL OF WICKEFS: 1-01. 242. 3-128, 5- 
188, 319S- 

UMP1RES: H D BM and M J KBchon. 

End of the 
cup road 
for Gower 


*Q Cook tew OcteFreisaa 

R J Boaey c Butcher b Aonow 
R J Boyd-Moss Mr b CBt — . 

A J Lamb c Brian b Benmirin 
- - irbCSt - 





wife not out . 




Extra* (ft 16 , w 12, nh TJ 
Total (5 wKB. 55 overs). 

_ 1 



«J Ripley, K A MaKender, N G B Cook. A 
waiter dfa not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-2,2-38,355.4-61, 
221 - 6 . 

BOWUMfc Anew 11-242-1; 
10-3-23-1; De Haiti# 114M31; 

11 - 

2432; Potter 7-2330; Brian 60234L 

Lftnerc Harper bMaflendar — SB 

IP BUCher iw bWM 12 

N E Briers c N G B Cook b Harpw — 37 

*0 1 Gower c wetter b Harper 42 

■IJtWHMwrb M He ndBi 30 

Tj Boone Bnd-Moesbwu 10 




A J de Prates c Cupel b Mafcnder- 11 

WBenjaoftibMaflender .. . 0 

J P ^w b Mid lend n r ■ 2 

1(8? R w4} 
Total (6*2 oven) 


FALL OF WICKETS: 1-41. 2-42, 3-127, 4. 
-jgjj. &-148. 6-145. 7-1 78. 8-197. 9-197. 1 0- 

BOWUNG: MaDendor 11L24W3-& Capo! 

TWg gold award for a golden innings of 106 yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Botham has them wavering 

By Alan Gibson 

Somerset won the toss and 
batted. The weather was dry. 

though dquds were drawing up 
it Roebuck 

. By Ivo Tennant 

amptonshire ( 2pts ) beat 
Leicestershire by 23 runs. 

Leicestershire, winners of the 
Benson and Hedges Cup last 
year, are out of this year's 
competition already. Asked to 
score around four runs an over 
to beat their neighbours, North- 
amptonshire, they ran out of 
wickets and fell 23 short. 

There was only one ca ndidat e 
for the gold award. Allan Lamb 
batted about as well as he could 
ever expect in making a splen- 
did century and 
Northamptonshire's bowlers 
gave him every support. At tea, 
Leicestershire were 1 17-2, Da- 
vid Gower at the wicket, and 
overs in hand. Not Jong after- 

6 and**had fallen behind the 

Not everybody at the County 
Ground was there to watch the 
cricket. Most of the Press corps 
were there to watch Gower, or 
rather to interrogate him in the 
event of bis losing the England 

There was a time when Tim 
Lamb would get him out regu- 
larly in fixtures between these 
two sides. His timing was not 
Quite at its best yesterday, when 
there was no need fora helmet, 
hardly even a thigh pad. There 
was plenty of scope for all 
manner of strokes on a fiat 

The only other individual to 
make batting appear un- 
complicated was Allan Lamb. 
His innings equalled his highest 
score in this competition and 
was full of short-arm pulls and 
powerful sweeps. 

Northamptonshire had won 
the toss and got off to an uneven 
start ynid an assorted grmrfr 
One bowler was born in Domi- 
nica, one in Antigua, one in 
Rhodesia, as it was, one reared 
in Australia. Time was when 
Leicestershire went for York- 
shire men. 

Northamptonshire were 61-4 
when Capei joined Lamb. They 
were parted in the 55th and last 
over of the innings, having put 
on 160 and overtaken the 
Benson and Hedges fifth-wicket 
record which had stood for 10 
years. CapeTs contribution was 
41. Lamb hit 10 fours and three 
sixes in his 123-minute 

from the South-West, 
took Marks in with him, a good 
idea, but we did not have much 
chance to assess their merits as a 
partnership because Roebuck 
was soon leg-before to Thomas. 
Marks was brisk and efficient 
and looking like malting a large 
score when he miss-hit a high 
drive to extra cover, who did 
well to catch it. 

Thai was 61 for two in the 
twentieth over. Hardy was run 
out. foolishly, ance Richards 
did not fancy the rum, and 
Somerset had been doing quite 
nicely at 64. Richards did not 
look quite his normal 
commanding self and was 
stumped off Steele from rather a 
wild dash dowinbe pitch at 97. 

At lunch, after 44 overs, the 
score was 133 for four. 1 
thought, since Glamorgan are 
not a strong batting side, that 
200 would do for Somerset. 

Faint aspirations! Botham is 
dearly enjoying his cricket. He 
was 32 at lunch and, after the 
further 15 overs, was 125. with 
the total 258 for seven. He fell, 
like hitting them, so he hit them, 
and his eye was in. Glamorgan 
wavered in the Geld, as any sde 
would under such an onslaught. 

Glamorgan lost two wickets 
for nine runs and after eight 
overs the douds began to drip 
and the players went off for an 
early tea. 

was caught : in the deep off 
Dredge. • 

V J Martse 
*PM Roebuck fcwbThomas 
J J £ Hardy nm oat 

IV ARfcXwtis at Oavtesb Steals . 
IT Botham not out — 

RJ Harden t> Derrick . 

RJ Barton run out _ 

£T Sard b Thomas . 

IH Dredge not out 

BtWs{&3.»2, w7) . 


In 20 overs the score was 47: 
In the 26ih over, at 67, Holmes 
was out, the likeliest man to 
make the big score. Thomas was 
caught first hall and Pauline 
knew little about the next, which 
would have given Taylor the 

Total (7 wkts, 65 mors) 258 

J Garnor and NS Taylor dk! not M. 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-14, *51.364.4- 
97. 5-143. 6-148. 7-244. 

BOWUNG; Unites 11-2432; BM i31 
7W* Steele 11-241-1: Ontong tt-08Ms 
Hotaes 30*45-0; Derra* 60-17-1. 


4 A Hopktac Harden bHottem 
A L Jonas e Gan) b Botham 

HMomacTmtarb Dredge. 
G C Hofrnas tow t> Tafor _ 
JG Thomas c aid bfarior. 

After 30 overs the score was 
78 and Taylor had taken his 
third wicket. Marks, possibly 
brought on too late, bowled his 
usual economica] spdL Morris 
and On tong made a courageous 
stand, which ended at 130, in 
the fortieth over, when Morris 

J G Timas c aid b Taylor . 
D B Pmurirw Km Tkyfor 



J Derrick c 
ft Davies 

b Dredge , 





Total 8 (7 wfcte, 48 overs) — 

J F Steele ond S Base to bat . 
FAIL OF WICKETS: 1-0, 29, 357. 457. 

Umpires: P B Wight and 8 Dudtestoa. 

Patterson fails in bis task 

By Richard Streeton 

Graeme Fowler drove flu- 
ently as he ted Lancashire’s 
effort to reach a target of 232, set 
them by Worcestershire, m their 
Benson and Hedges Cup tie at 
New Road yesterday. Abrahams 
helped to add 83 in 19 overs for 
the second wicket. 

W orce stershire, put in after 
rain delayed the start for 45 
minutes, with a lamer 

total than seemed probable after 
a shaky stan-Allott, revelling in 
a green tmh. took two wickets 
in a dangerous opening spell and 
Makinson's left-arm seam 
brought him two wickets jusT 
before lunch. Neale and Paid 
restored die balance by adding 
105 in 26 overs for the fifth 

After two defeats Lancashire 
desperately needed both a vic- 
tory and an improve d wicket- 
taking rale, and Clive Lloyd left 
himself out so that Patterson 
cook! play. Patterson's pace in 
three spells kept the batsmen 

Smith was making Iris first 
ap p ea ra nc e this season, after 

twisting an ankle, and looked 
out of touch. Hide, in contrast, 
made batting look easy and a 
series of late and square aits 
against Watitinson were delight- 
ful strokes. 

Makmsoo dismissed both 
men ks before in successive 
overs. Smith drove loosely; 
Hick played a casual-looking 
defensive. stroke and was beaten 
by a ball that nipped back. Alert 
running between the wickets, 
especially when the two off- 
spinners bowled together, 
helped the fifth-wicket pair to 
take control. Neale always 
struck the ball more positively; 
Paid relied on touch and 

When Lancashire batted 
Mendis was leg before in 
Inch more's second over. 
Fowler, after a quiet start, 
became more free and Lan- 
cashire passed 100 in the 25th 

• Contrary to our report in 
yesterday's early editions, there 
are a few hundred seats with 
restricted viewing still available 
for the Benson and Hedges Cup 
final at Lord's cm July 12. But a 

Lord’s spokesman said yes- 
terday that, apart from the 54)00 
seal allocation to MCC mem- 
bers and the 8,000 seats to be 
shared between the twofinalists. 
these are the only tickes now for 


D B D’Otwira c Simoons bASott 

D M anith Ijw b Matrinson 14 

G A Ho* tm b Makbteon - 32 

*P A Noale ran out : — S2 

DN Paw run out .. “ 76 

jjSJ Rhodes cfhwtebMaMnwn — 0 

I Newport c Fte rtretfwrb Alter —'15 

I notour 

JDInch m orenotout. 


Extras (b i; 8) 18, nb9) 

Total (8 vrtts, 66 ww*) — 
APPrttgoon ddnotbaL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-11. 2-23, 355; 4- 
77. 6182, 5-18*. 7-222.620. 
BOWUNG: Pteteraon^ 1 M-435: ABM 11- 
330G: Mtedreon 1 L3463; WNtosnn 6 
0-42-0; Simmons 1M5WI; AbnNams*-. 

G D MsncSs im b Inctenoro . 
G Fowler notout : 

J Abraham* b Radford 
N H Fto frroTharnot out. 
Extra 1— 


ToW(2wtite.36owa) ■ 


0 P Hurt** tC ttefwrri. M WMttteon, 
*J Skrrnons. 6 J Modnaon, 

. _ ...... jP J WAtotL 

and B PMtarsonlotteL 
FALL OF WCKETS: V42. 2-12S- 
UrnptM: CCoak and A G YWNtehoad. 

Robinson takes Notts to victory 

Scotland not only failed to 
make enough runs at Trent 
Bridge y esterda y, but they found 
Robinson. Randall and Rice to 
be in fine form with the bat with 
Robinson making an’ excellent 
76 not out. to take Nottingham- 
shire to victory with 102 overs 
to spare. The weather was set 

fair and the pitch looked a good 
one when Scotland 

decided to 
bat first. Donald soon fell leg 
before to Cooper, and Philip 
and Swan were made to work 
bard for their runs against 
Nottinghamshire's tight, tidy 
bowling. At lunch, when Philip 
had got to 63, Scotland came in 

By Peter Marson 

at 105 for two with only .15 overs 
re main i n g. 

Later, the scoring rate all but 
doubled but wickets began to 
fail, and Philip was out for 73 as 
Scotlan d finish ed at 166 for six. 

Warwickshire, got themselves 
into a fearful mess against 
Miner Comities at Walsall when 
the first five wickets fell for 63 
nm&Ai 142 for six from 38 
overs at lunch, Warwickshire's 
recovery,’ not to say their sur- 
vival, could be traced directly to 
a solid nminp by Dennis 
Amiss,’ who was 70 not out. 
When hewas out, he had taken 
Warwickshire from two for two 

to relative respectability .at 146 
for seven. Mi nor . C ounties 
bowlers had’ per form ed splen- 
didly, capturing ten .wickets for 
184 in 54.4 overs. 

At Fenners, where the Cook 
bi ned Universities had won the 
loss. Kerfs initial assnh, v so 
devastated the University side 
that the first five wickets fell for 
25 runs. Price and Rutnqgar 
doubled the score. Rutnagur 
held fast and hitting five fours 
went on to make 32, as Under- 
wood and Ellison, whose three 
for 11 brought him the gold 
award, polished off fite remain- 
der. Kent then coasted 


Notts r Scotland 


- • -rHfcfega 

Minor Counties v 

W A Donate few u Goopar . 

I L Plrtp c Henantegs b ttedtee 
■RG Swan b Pick 

A B Rosso* c Jotxuon b Pick , 
O Henry run out 

N W Burnette French b P«* 
□ L Snodgrass nertou 


T A Lloyd b Webster 


few b Malone 


Extras (8i 20. w 3,0b 1) 
Total (6M<ts.eo«en). 



DL Antes c Herbert bPtumb. 
Ask Din b l 

Combined Univs ? 

* Kent 


Kbi* (2 ptsl bast Oxtont and Cambridge 
• UriwsSasby&imckata. ■ 

PAG BekC HWtebBteon... --.- .^-.3 

C D M Tooteyc Twart b DNtey .: S 

DJFWbTWW — — : 3 

G J Toogood c Tarart b ooay — 5 
D A.TbomaeMarM bPem -1 

- 24 

P J OidM. f J G KmglA A WP Steusneon 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-13, 251, 3-115, 4- 
12ft 6-125.6442. 

P A Srtm c Prtesbey b wtbmough _ 35 
GjParaomblMona 20 

ARK Ptarson naiout 11 

-NQftordb Webster 2 

TAMiatexinoraut 0 

Extras : 19 


Toad p4A owraj 


AKGeUngcTtanrtbtlndteWOOd — 0 

CC Blsenc Marsti b Underwood i 

TAP Brown not out — a 

a M GScoU c Marab b Bteon 2 

Extr*S'9}l,63.w3,nb») ~8 

BOWUNG: Pick 11-1-415; HenwtegS-11- 
11-3-22-1,“ Rtee 11-1^5; 



FALL C& JACKETS; 1-2. 2-2. 312, 4-32, 
653, 6-130, 7-148. 3178, 3181 ,10-184. 

Maiona 134-1-265; Webster 

Total (38 own) 


RT Robinson not out . 

13251-& H M oPOgh 115-41-2; Many 
31-235; H«bwt SSSHfePlun* 7-1-23 

>BC Brand ran out 

D W RandaB b Henry 







IN Prirfoy c Hwnmqe b Mumon ^ 10 
G R J Reaps e Humpege b Mumon __ 8 



Total { MSS. 4*4 own) . 

P Jofaraon, J D Baeb. R J Hediee. 19 N 
Ranch. E E Hesmdngs. K E Cooper, R a 

SG PknbawbMeMBen 
A Patel ran out. 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1=11. 2-14, 351. 4- 
24. 32S.654.75IL 8-8S378, 1351. 
BOWUNG: May 31-13* Bbon 11-3 
11-3; Baptists -3M31; HUM 3323ft 
Underwood 7-37-2. ; 


M R Benson at Brown b GoUng 35 

■SGMnksbRutetteW i 25 


N R Taylor not ota-. ; 0 

Extras (to 6, wi) 6 

Pick did not bau 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-27. 2-117, 


J S Htebmough c Huraage b Parsons 1 

A J Webster not out 0 

RHertennottaa - „ 5 

Extras — - - f' IS 

Total (2 adds. 293 own} . 

CPerw.GR Cowdrey. E A 
aeon. 13 A Marsh, G 


Top riders 

their work 
cut oiit 

ByXeitfa Mndcfia 

There .were many _ 
mteroatianals leaving the Swin- 
don track last weekend at' the. 
end of a dramatic first Kitis fa 
senn-finaf m the wodd’tndiyid-.' 

(ren ridera broke the- tapes and, 

to aB-round con s t e rn a tion, six. 

pRSOit .British internationals 
raBed to qualify, a huge dis- 
appoisiriKUt ' for than tend 
someihing ofanembu mi i naeit 
to the Great Brit am -team man- 
agers, Eric Boocock and Colm 
PratL . ; '. ■: 

The binest surprise was the 
failure or Peter Gapms, . toe 
formerwmtd drampion ( .thoagh 
the BeBe Vue rider has not 
shown the best of form tins 


Among -the other noo- 
quafifieis are Nc3C6Bbft,'Nc3 
Evitts. Peto'Cta. anonCtq** 

and' Andy Smith, who last year 
reached the inter-onntmattal 
final of . the- world 

The second .senrifeal trices 
place this weekiaidtet the Odsri 
Stadium, Bradford, and foflow- 
ing the disajppomtmeatr . of 
Swindon there could be prob- 
tenw; fa- more international and 
fancied riders. Competing w£D 
be Simon Wigg, the Great 
Britain captain, Jeremy Don- 
caster, Kenny Carter arid Chris 

The Danes have also suffered 
a blow in advance of the second 
intern ational a^inst Great Brit- 
ain. at Belle Vue ion Friday. 

Tommy Knudsen, the- former 
world No.3. failed to qualify in 

fite Danish final .and, dis-. 
gruntted for not being -seeded 
through to the Nordic .final (he 
blam es bis failure on riding 
while concussed) be has now 
puBed out of the -Denmark 

This is a vital match for both 
teams, with Great Britan, nar- 
rowly beaten 55-53 m the first 
international at Cradley Heath, 
belfevmg they have a great 
dance of squaring file series on 
the big BdleVoe track; which is 
not to the Siting of most of the 
Danes. It is expected that Den- 
mark will can up Bo Petersen, 
the former Swindon rider, -to 
replace Jan Pedersen, who isless 
happy on big tracks. 

With PhO Collins dropped, 
the Great Britain squad is made 
up of Simon Wigg (captain), 
Kenn y Carter, NeilEvitts. Ncu 
CoHins. Jeremy Doncaster and 
Chris Morton. .-Carl Blackbird 
and Kelvin Tatum are- the 

rugby union 


By Dawd H gnds, Ib ^Cep ^nnth^ 

Tlietwo pika leagocschemes Dearea rivals, Ipswidi, fe ooo- 

ap^oved by the Rugby Football 
Union during the past season, in 
the Eastern Couidies and the 
North-West, r received the 
ackpow tolgem e nt recency their 
success deserves. Alan 
GrimsddL senior v xx y preSSdaa. 
ofthe RFU, arid members of fire 
mafor dubs' committee at 

Gloucester: “We are qn flie 
verge of a great chib nesiroctmv 
mg and if me pilot schemes are 
aqy .guide, the future is assured 
because both have been a roas- 
■ng s ucoeas.* 1 . . „ 

The : winners of ’ fire two 
leagues, both of which have 
increased interest m the game 
wftbout attracting' the d5so-: 
ptinary probkan opponents of 
such co m peti ti o ns ^ had feared, 
were Wilmington Park "in dm. 
Girobank North-West League 
and Sudbury in fire Greene Kmg 
Eastern - Counties’ 

Suc&uzy, who; beat - their 

firm fireH - sutofr^sb^won the 
Eastern Comma Cop. There 
will be new sponsors next season 

which wifi cemmly be 

merited to five <fiy«iwB, 
Whmutfoa parte •• mok the 

North-west tide Ote pahus ratio 
firaa Bfidnes. 'Tbe -irntfoank 
League, too, has pbus for 
expansion as the botioni end 
and has -hopes off adefiw a 
pren ne i tfivinoo formed, from 
dnbs ioctefia g. Pteaon Grass- 
. if, Biritenbead 
New Brigtiimi’ Kendal, 
Manchester ’ rad Bro^uon 
’Parte (aS aeuio T dubs' not yet 

neoe ssai y pera u ssfon from the 
RFU wire not fonhtotpm^i , 
The .mam. reason .for the 
prtriAitimtB thalbofoJeagaes 
v>3 probaHty be oveudm by 
events since the English Qnb 

Woodward injury blow 

-Three of the o v ersea s teams 
who wiU be part kipan ngip the 
Sport Aid international sevens 
tournament h Cardiff, this- 

it advoable net to 

weekend arrived m Aitainyes- 
sexday: those from New ’Zea- 

land, winners of^ the New South 
Wales and the Cathay Pacific 
Hong Kong Bank tournaments 
in March, Australia rad the Far 
East (David Hands writes). 

It was hoped ardoe stage that 
Woodwind, the fernnraTjaccsfer 
aud Fw gtand cen t re now fiving 
m Sydney. wouJd he able to 
accompany the . Anstxafian 
squad and ^ipear in the Engfish 


Bm he aadeeti a cheekbone, 
playing for. Manly against 
waniopb '.last ; month - and. 
ihrvug h te - trained with the 
Australian party lag wtric end . 

iravdL - ;; ,u.- : 

The: injury Ins necessarily 
limited WoodwMtCs rufoy hot 
HokfetodL the fotmer^otting- 
bam.and Engjand ffwmg w&- 
receafiyjomed himm Sydney, 
has been a snceeas . In eafiy 
season-guresfoFlCnfiy. He has 
scored tfatzeiries in fame games 
ad has made a considaaNe 
mwrarwrimi. with his Gtioogth 

and speed. . . ► ’. ? 

- EngfantTa gather 

tomcterom and practice on Fri- 
day for theor Opening game fijat 
■■ _ ‘"Nete:'2Jeal»Dd. 

& ’ 

ST’*; .. ■ 

been added to 
Williams, the 
who intends to 
not seek first, 
fo NewSouffi 

’■ -• ’W'i 4 



3 -- e . 


•£# “ ’’ “ 

Scotland in the mdney 

Scofiand expect to make « 
profit of £3oa000 from fire 
World Cup. The tieasure t , BiS 

Dickie, mentioned the figure as. 
the annual mcctwg m Glasgow 
of the Scottish Football- 

Reporting a profit fbr ibe past 
season of only £24^00 in 
comparison 'with £260,000 for 
the previous jar. Hr Didae 
coo turned: “Ascveryone knows 

footfanfl fa not a nortaal busi- 
ness. We have had the expen- 
diture or qualifying for fae 
Wodd Cop bcrt nqw we should 
reap fireixrie&' ’ 

• “FIFA.have estimstedte pay 
out of £SOOyOOO for every coun- 
try. Obvioosly we wffl have 
expect -a .profit of £300,000 
which wifi fte-hrereatsetf if we 
qatffa beyond the fast stage." 

fits’ ^ 

C* • -■ ’ •• 

i ’ 

Frbm the seeds of success in 1966 sprang English faiEngs 

A year mry be- mnesabered 
for satire wretititi raat h*; 
ne's peraoual fife — getting 
married, getting fired — ortfinay 
be that ’ Bu nu lhiag . Wt iu- the 
world gave one such pain or 
pleasare that the year fa for'ever 
after a mo ciate d with tfaf ae. 

For me and, I sa^ect, for 
maay of a^ 19663s a remnant 
year. An awfid lot happened , to 
rae in that year, hot tira it does 
to everyone every year. What 
makes 1966 memorable fa the 
World Cap. Engraved on my 
heart are the words: "There’s 
people on, the pitch, they think 
it’s all ewer — it is nowr* 

Barone's meawntei are al- 
ways sdecthe. The tow nwaf t 
has become a myth of pexfeetkm 
ateijby,afcaatforthcf — i ti d 
of notiteWa. The players have 
btiSahrfi memory, fifile 
stained-glam fhpores of mythk 
perfection: Chariton scaring 
England's first goal of the 
competition against Meric* 
from several hundred’ yards; 







>ir<* , ’ s ' 

'tet*.-- •••’*- 


if ’ - 

£7T? ' • 

ISiiCi: -■ 
-Tt '• ' 


. BalTS heserker perfor- 
in extra iimfe; aadHmtfs 

at fire hot. 
af nesfaigia, one wo nde r s what 
reaOy happened. .'tWaot was ft 
reafiy IOe? r spent a tin toy 
finding oat 'whoa, I wd, Ot a 
titlin g. Emafoafs Lot Gory; 

by ray coDca^e, 

Uke&O, MHhsrkas c ove red 
of pan. An yon 
at the time or hod 
fa there and 

•fab 2# 

abeot italL In thecsocseuf the 
narrative we (earn Where They 
Are Now (Ray Wasoo fa an 
undertaker) bat Miner doesn't 
force this staff, on « witb 
thernfaless seutfaucmnlfty of 
ielevasfan. S entimi-ntafit y isn't 
Wafer 5 * hmg.smL 
I remember it ns aH being 
when I was 
_ it aS-m Mark 
and while, hot MBfer fa not 
cotifat to • leave It. .at tint. 
**Tbra e ^w«h w Mrty, tire mfa^ 

England's victory by. aa an M er a . 
coadies, theorists and school- 
masters, from tbe top to the 
bottom of tire game. It was 
an p p o a e d that. Ranracy’s system 
was "wholly -responsible, 
the -^aaity of the 
he had been aMr to nse. 

with the 
and acce l er at ing 
the calt oT sinshg, 
rather than pd 
who wfahed to 

»M3 «r 44-2 formation was 
ancrato beifce AhddfahJsnmfa 
qfflswccra s ^.faijliamly- though 

hare been eaocrived^ ft bas ils 

several and ebvioas Hraftatiom, 

mot least AelossoCappeal to fire 
pobBc-." • .. 

it was the hegfatite of the 
celt of the raawsgrr.aftjrectitaf 
the mysteries of tire game the 
begfonug ef tire tkaewfaea foe 
game mm kraM awr to'the 
professionals. A competent sti- 
ffing of the appo olrt i in was 
cherished at the topctin of 
^ory. “Flay the percemage, 
redace the ritifa, don’t fake 
chances* MHkr writes. 

Ramsey- said, ' shorihr before 
he was sacked to W74:“My.job 
fa to get results, hot pradace 
entertainment^ bet, af comae, I 
would always Eke to' de both." 
Miller niiimiMti *That prior- 
tty, which atoMst erery pra- 
fessfanal would nphoM, tod 

an d m nmed him 1 and the pot 


.te : ■ 


K- •• 


I >.vr 

rj> O.-:?. 
lie*’ -i 
Rrr ■ 

Uft- - 

- ><■ 


*^>tos av 


In the cotoext of these re- 
marks, the _titie,’ JByirad^^ ati 

of EagBsh 
football's fiutirgste themocaent 
of the greatest glory it has 

cmtamly adds 

for n wooderfal 



to protect thdr lohs, dab direc- 
tor* who farted for pres^e and 
schoohnostera who corrupted 
there young popfl* in the persnit 
of ardevant jraiw tMu, or 
conspired to pervert the trwe 
comae of the game; From a o w on 

years old. A jjoo^tktog. toot for 

nostalgia (asfadoabdessaayaaa 
-EngfaBdrs Glory matchboxes) Is 
aid what it was. 



Ortalaa >4, Qngo WWW Sf*3; Ton 
•te 19, Ctevsnnd^xftm ft KnaxCOr 
gB.Oetrox ilgws&NwVock Yaotaos . 

& MMMI TMv re Cretan* Aeoaa 7 . 1 
Boston Had Sox 1; OMdmd A’s 5, Twonto 

Btuo Jm ft Sanaa Items S. WmiXw 
Bnmeno ramtotimuntorfraitore 

4. .MOTfrUSi 

ojwiionre uoM^tetare Ron 
^n Expos reTtew Yaik im».i. 

Houston Amos- T. 



— mImSs 

^1 C&wtefCsnj, ptsY Ateunfto* 
| LSWc<VjgLpm T Botos(Harr)« 
ktepsnL ptto R amtath (&} w J . 

HRSirpterA Morn (Cuimot M 

iTadortu (Rxi pK J Co wvr (fcd tx J 14 

itowWtii. ABrWOv^ Ml* J 


N Oimi AIKMCfc W tfii ati Lafa m 


t*K _ 
fat Jl 

, . ..aUmiWLJjdiMiAbC 

tfAwtoHcgfr ptto H~Bswt AK) bt D 
Oa m w^ji nc 2ndL_ 




ftw fAotett c MB 


. .. - FOOTBALL . 

730 un tem st a n d — 

Snt.Cba8Bm .Capr too* Bfcestar v 
Tiaraa pm. Hmrior Mtioie FOkford » 
Abingdon United; Smtoood vWorekn 
SupwmariBevAttngdooTown. . 
d MH orn topram V Ytfohg. ■ . 

« <WXP twna. coukhe* 

LEAGUE : ftraodar J ild e n. Btittocfc r 
StOtfOM; Eyrattuy lS «d L Cwbr, 

Pottan v 



CMQUEft tiadWtenaritiooinaiaMidfit 
Cb eWfm cg. • 

RACKETS: Qlte*w’S CW> cwitowy 

Martfol dub chanratonsttp. . . 

E! ZESSST 0 ******'* 

Monday’s results 





a* tic war court, of 

S^^ TTERQFt ™ 


j mre etoREreiivpttm 
■ p q*?» ^< | P0*ira >4teVaf. 
Aren .1986 w wra a wTter. 
lor rat mflnaotM* or Owraduc- 
«"» Jte ran «mw 
voewnt <T hi dm mnu 
Cau uxay by . me nn of 

and Nonce n Furnten tnv- 

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»av ' 


s television and radio programmes 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


BBC 1 


6JS0 with Rank 

7^5, &2S and 8^5; 
reffW^news, waather 
a rtf traffic at &57, 7.27, 
7S7 and &27; national aid 


sport at 7^o«tf mo-S* 
naw Top Twenty at 7.32; 
and a review of tte 


. sra rjL 

financal advice. 

0» Ceefax 1030 Way School. 

• :p«»nted by Sarah Long 
aid St uart Bradley. 1050 
Gftabar. This week's 
oartKxi of the magazine 
programme for Asian 
woman includes 
Sudarshan AbroL the first 
■ -Aotjj read teacherofa 
.. stihoolforite disabled, 
discussmg ter work as a 
teacher and a mother of a 
'tendteimped daughter; 

. Bwijmfedhekaaxplakia 
how she looks after her 
four chHtfren arid cares for 
ter^torfcapped husband. 

1SL30 N^wsAf^toonwith 
Ricterd Whitmore and 
Sue Carpoftsr indudes 
news headlines with 
subtitles 13LSS Regional 
news. The weather details 

come from Michaal fish. 

1JOO Pebble HH at One with 
Paul Coia, Marian Foster 


8.15 Good 

Good Morning Britan 
presented teNick Owen 
and AnnekaTVce. News 

£30 and 9.00; sport at 
6-40 and 734; axercfecs at 
*55; cartoon atTJSt pop 

Sttrattan at Aifib and 
atematwe treatments for 
arthritis sufferers at 9.12. 


*■25 P^Mnawabeadfties. 

MO per Scheote celebrations 

-£«ffiteysM7 A tour of 

agcrafrare landed safely 
1(L21 A visit to a tramway 
museum 1033 English: 
Gufen 114)0 Episode three 
WariOs *ama,lzzy 
T1J0 Enjoying a poem. 

■ experiment mechanism of 
- alkBiw bromtaatlon. ■ 

Tf J5 Courageous Cat 1000 
Portland B8L Adventures 
of a tigftthouse keeper 
12.10 our Backyard, (rt 
1&30 Underetandfaig 

Adolescent*. The first of a 
soc-programma series 
Anna Ford 

VOUB UFE (BBC2. &25pni). a 
drams about a teenaged lad 
dying of spine cancer, was 
written by a young man 
stricken by tfo same disease, ft is 
not autobiographical in ttie 
narrative sense of that word, but 

that if ear tiiere was a t„ _ 
drawn from fife, than this Is 
itJt is a strong piay, not easy to 
watch, and most sensitively 

Lee WUOodcThe Best Years ef 
, Your Life. BBC2, jL25pm 


anybody. This fine actor is 
given at least two good chances 
to demon s trate what most of 
us wfll haw attempted at some 
time or other an assum ption 
of (ndftferenoe to conceal the 

refusal to accept an 


unthinkable reafity.Tte most 
poignant feature of Cta* 
Jermain's ptey is its depiction of 
young people being absorbed 
by tte prospect rf death at a 
time when the enjoyment of 
&fe ought to be ttwr main 

DlflO C C Ui i Hfi OfK 
•"Wow!, gasps the 
archaeologist, to evident relief. 
"I'm going to sleep tonight]". 
untroubled snooze after 
teaming from THE BODY OUT OF 
THE BOG (BBC1, 9.30pm) 
that Undow Man, after bang 

prattomb, is found to^iave been 
so successfufy freeze-dried 
thtf even htebefly-button tsfn 
good shapeJParukaxicaHy, 

the most Important revelation in 
this Q E-D. sequel to the 
award-winn ing d ocumentary The 

istftat: foe mm* 
dubbed Pete Marsh was not 
ritually kilted 3000 years ago. as 
was thought, but anything 
from 3006C to 750 years 
earfierAnother deflating 
disclosure tonight is that 85 other 
variants of Undow Man have 
been unearthed in the British 

Isles. The advantage Undow 

Man has over the rest of them is 
that he alone has not cracked 
under the strain of public 
exposure, or shown signs of 
credi bowever.goes to the 

Peter DavaDe 

BBC 2 

&55 Open U ni v ersi t y. 

? fit r- 

Hit, i_j 

redpes from hfc BBC 
book. New English 
preview of the Courtelle 
Fashion Awards; and 
engineer (Sen Dixon tafts 
about hts ordeal when he 
was beW hostage by r ebel 
Angolan forces, 1.45 
Bertha, (rt ZOO Ceefax 
3L52iteqjonal news. 

3455 Up OurlftreeL (r) 4.10 
Dogtanian and toe Three 
Muskefwunds. Cartoon 
series, (r) 430 Take Two. 
This week’s edition of the 
Kmior version of Did You 
See-? comments on the 
programme. Charles in - 
Change. Presented by 
PhMip Schofield. 

SjOO John Craven’s 
- Newsrourtf 5.05 Jessy’s 
Giants. Part four of the 
five-episode serial about a 
fonner professional 
footbcner who is coech to 
a team of no-topers. 
(Ceefax) 535 The 
Flints tones. Cartoon 
senes about a Stone Age 

too News with Nicholas 
Wttctel and Andrew 
Harvey. Weather 

635 London Plus. 

730 Wogan. Tonight’s guests 
include Mittcent Martin, 
Mariiu Hermer, Barbara . 
Taylor Bradford and 

Waugh. Bus* a- 



. . «>.-»•* 
. .. . m r.* 
* •* ‘ 


- r ■ J J 

. -.*»• 

.. - * * 

nvb su a osusmi over 
i Ewing-Marinos 
iture. (Ceefax) 
ws with Jufia SotnetvBe 

..•eS 5 ’ 

song from TaifcTafk. 

730 Lame Ducks. Partthree of 
toe repeat comedy sales 
about a group of disparate 
individuals hying to get 
awayfromlt afl. 

6.10 Dates. J.R. plays nasty to 
ensure thatyoung John 
Ross stays at Southfork; 

- Jenna* soon 3wt other 
latest adimen and Pam 
comes to a decision over 

venture. . 

9jOO Nawtwtto JUHa 
and John Humphrys. 
Weather. . . 

930 CLEXUTte Body Out of 
lest week's documentary 
about Pete Marsh, toe 
man who was ritually kffled 
thousands of waareaga 
(see Choice) (Ceefax) 

1030 Bob UonktHMom, Tma is 
Your Lunch. Highlights of 
the lunch ghrenby toe 
variety Club of Great 
Britain to celabrate the 
entertainer's forty years in ' 
show business. 

10.40 Rba: The Bank Shot 

(1974) starring George C 
Scott and Joanna Cassidy. 
Comedy thriHar about an 
esc^jedcrtmmaJ who 
prtans to rob a mobSe bank 
that is parked in the centre 
of a shopping centre. 

1230 Weather. 

ants, deafing with 
areas of mutual concern- 
130 News at One with Leonard 
„ ■ ■ Paridn 130 Thames new*. 
130 TteChamptons-The 
Nemesis agents have 
been pfO£yammed to kffl 
each other, (r) 2^0 
RarntooteeKHchm. MBk, 
yoghurt, cheese and 
cream are deatt with by 
Grace Mulligan and her 
guest. Helen Porter from 
ine Milk Marketing Board. 
330 ItoversttyC^afleras. 
Jesus Coitege, Oxford, v 
GonvBemd Cafes 
Coflege, Cambridge. 335 
Themes news beadfines 
330 Sons and DaugMars. 
430 Portland BM. A repratol 
toe p r og ram me shown at 
noon 410 The Blunders. 
Cartoon series. 4.15 
BasO^s Joke Machine 430 
Poparound. Pop music 
qL^ 455 Roadrutmer. 

5.00 BeatenysBugfo. David 
BeSamy presents another 
programme in his 
ecological conservation 
series 5.15 SBver Spoons. 
Amerfoan comedy series. 
£45 News with Carol Barnes 
630 Thames news. 

volunteers to visit new 
members and to help 
service madanes. 

635 Crossroads. Benny stays . 

toe night in hospital. 

730 WbeaTlili^sfJfeJThe ' 

. ~1 ..first of a new series 


9L00 ja7JaL 

938 Daytime on Twoc Science 
- floating UL00 For fotfl'- 

andflvewearolds 10.15 
Using CSE matos at work 
1®-38 Statistics: 

J 1130 

i and pictures for the 
111.17 Part four of a 
i adventure in 
1 1133 PraWems for 
10-to 12-year olds 1140 
The work of juvenke 
courts 12.10 Ceefax 143 
German langu^e version 
of the programme about 
apprenticeships in Austria 
230 A visit to ancient 
Rome 2.18 Walrus 240 
What learning was Uka for 
ancient Greek children. 
330 Ceefax. 

535 Newssununarywtth 
subtitles. Wbatoer. 

530 Moments. Jerini Murray in 
conversation with artist 
David aiephord^Fkst 
shown on BBC South) 
.630 FBncTteTftfield 
Thundefbolt (1953) 
staring Stanley HoHoway 
and George Ralph. A 
gentle Ealing comedy, the 
nest to be made in colour, 
about the residents of a 
smaM village who join 
forces to save the branch 
railway line that Is 
-threatened by a B eecWng- 

second of two 
programmes about the 
nvel of care Leeds's St 
James's Hospital is able to 

reports from Australia on 
tha t country's - 

730 Coronation Ske^. Susan 

830 FtiRcBtarTnric- tiw WMh 
of Khan (198Q starring 
Leonard Nimoy. The 
second feature film baaed 
on the popular, long- 
.. running tetevisfoo series. It 
is nowtoe 23rd century, 
Kirk is an Admiral, and he 
and the Enterprise are 

730 The Street A nostalgic trip 
down memory lam by a 
group of i 

recall the time London's 
first jazz dub opened, tire 
Ctub Seven, off Archer 
— S&setjn-tte J950&- - . 

. Among those who recall 
toe characters and Ibe . 

- — music are Denis Rose,. _ . 
Ronnie Scott, Bin Maynard 
and Benny.Greefi. and 
tffeir thoughts are backed- 
up by rarerOnarr archive 


830 Forever Eimhuut the-, 
second of Beryl ■? 
Bdnbridge's ax-part 
serfes About the economic 
dhadebetwewtite north 
and soutfrof England Tltis 
evening Miss Bainbridge 
meets toe Brittons of 

ev# Khan who has stolen a 
top secret devfceDfracted 
by Nfchoias Meyer. 

1030 Nmro at Tea with Sandy 
GaR and Pamela 
Armstrong. Weather, 
followed by Thames news 

Society. Science and Sex. 
This ttwd Eutf final 

of the week's 
is about Aids. 

1130 FainCtueoftfieNewHn* 
starring. Paul 

930 ITA*S*H4t is Christmas 
time and the members of 
the 4077th are making the 
best of it: and Santa pays 
a visit to the from fine, 
courtesy of a heficopter. (r 
925 Ptay: The Best Years of 
Your Life, by Clive 
maudtin story of a 
ir with 


Archard. A Scotland Yard 
murder mystery about a 
mfflonaire found 
■ murdered in Ks locked 
vault Directed by Allan 

1230 Nigtt Thoughts. 


cancer coming totenro 
with histenninai condition 
aided b^Ws brother and 
his father. Starring Lee 
WWtiock, Steve French 
and Alan Ford, (see 

10.15 Sing Country. With Bote, 
Carroll Baker, Jerry Jeff 
Walker, Guy crak, and 
Johnny Cash. . 

1045 NewangU.1125 

1130 Open University: Mote 
ResponstoffitylLSS : 
Pathways in toe Btea 

Pathways ini 
Ends at 1225. 


2.15 Their Lordshfo’s Hons*. A 
repeat of last night's 
pro gr am m e oftnghSotr 
of the day's proceedkx 
in the House of Lords. 
Presented by David Rose. 

230 Channel 4 Radngfroa 
York. Brough Scott 
introduces coverage of the 
Glasgow Stakes (2.35); toe 
Holsten Pfls Sraxes (3.05); 

the MeocaHDante Stakes 
@4to; and the Mafl on 
Sunruy3-yr-oid Series 
Stakes (4.10). The race 
commentator is Graham 

430 Countdown. Yesterday's 
from Raadiog. 

530 ANoe. The waitress has a 
date with an old Ngh school 
boyfriend, now a successful 
businessman. There are 
lessons tor everyone at the 
dner when ft Is discovered 
tost the man is Hind. 

530 A Token Gesture. A Hght- 
hearted look at Women's 
Lib from Canadian 
animator, MicheGne 

535 Mother and Son. 

Australian sit-com about 
an aged widow and ter 
new^-dvorced son who 
comes to five with ter. 
Starring Garry McDonald 
and Ruth Crackneti. 

630 Fl a shback . The sixth 

me te the series 
made to 
morale af the time 
stood alone against 
the might of-Germoiy. (r) 

730 CfwtuwldnBWSwito 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen. 

730 Comment This week's 
slot is (Ned by 
Ne^e, Conservative 
MP for North ComwalL 

830 Gaitary. In this erfition of 
the art quiz chairman 
George Me%f and the 
regular team captains. . 
Maga Ha mb Ung and 
Frank Whittard, are Joined 
by Brian Glover and 
^Sieri-nBlake and 
students Davfd Wright 
from Newcastle 
Polytedtoic. and C a therine 
Treasure, a graduataof 
toe Central School of Art 
and Design. (Oracle) 

830 Diverse Reports- Most 
saxuaity abused childran 
are abused by members of 
their own farnSy. 'Agony 
Aunt* Anna Raeburn 
argues that we must face 
tog tacts about chiU 

930 A Woman of Substance. 
Episode two of the mini- 
series based on the novel 

Bradford and Emma, now 
riant, and fu8 of 
for the Fairleys, 
goes to find work In 
Leeds. There she is 
befriended by the KISnsid 

1035 of Siege 

n 978) starrir^ Anne 
Flannery. An award- 
Zealand about a.woman, 
who, after tending to her 
sick mother for along 
time, begins the search for 
her own identity after the 
mother (ties. Directed by 
Vincent Ward. 

1135 Their Lordship’s 
HDshBcphts eff toe 1 

of Lords. 

in the I 
at 1230. 

C Radio 4 

On long wava VHF variations at end 
of Radio 4. 

535 Supping 630 News briefing; 
Weather S.10 Farming 

430 Today, ted 430. 730, 

630 News S45 Business 
News 455, 735 Weather 
730, 400 News 7-25, 

835 Sport 745 Thought for 
the Day 435 Yesterday 
in Parfament 837 Weather; 

830 News 

935 Midweek with Ubby 

10.00 News; Gardeners' 

Question Tima. 

1430 Mommg Story: Someone 
from the Old I 
Brendan JMurpli 
Denys Hawthorne. 

10-45 Dafly Service (New Eveiy 
Morning, page 13)(s) 

1130 News: Trate; Letter to 
the World. The We and 
poetry of Emily Dickinson 

1148 Dancing a Hornpipe in 
Fetters. Suzanne Burden 
reads from the journals and 
totters of Fanny Kembia 

1230 News; You and Yours, 
with John Howard. 

1227 Around the World in 25 
years. Johnny Morris 
recalls some of the places he 
has visited and people 
he has met This week: 
Malaya. 1235 Weather 

130 The World at One: News 

140 The Archers. 135 

230 News; Woman's Hour, 
with Sue MacGregor. 

330 News; The Afternoon 
Play in His Hands by 
Paul Bond. With Jonathan 
Newth as the surgeon 
with a secret (s). 

347 English Now. Linguist 
David Crystal on now we 
choose names. 

400 News 

406 Faeon4(r).StuartSimon 
reports on foe continuing 
tunnoU in British prisons, and 
asks : Why has Britain got 

intl^^mli^e? 0pUla,ton 

145 Kaleidoscope Extra. 

Joyce McMHian reports on 
the Glasgow Mayfest. now in 
Its fourth year. 

530 PM: News magazine. 

530 Shipping. 535 

630 News; Financial Report - 

430 First Mght Impressions. 
Robert Cushman talks to 
British playwrights about the 
theatre during foe period 
1973-84, when he was a 
drama critic. 

730 News. 

735 The Archers. 

720 In Business. With Peter 

7.45 GroundsweH. Hugh 
Sykes reports on a 
corrffict of interest between 

nature conservation and 
whisky distfflng on Islay. 

415 Analysis. Costing 

Exceflence. John EkSnow 
asks if the Gov ern ment's 
demand for more 
accountability and better 
value for money is 

educatiorrtn unfieraffig® 
and polytechnics. 

930 Thirty-Minute Theatre. 

The Price of Houses, by 
Gwen CherraJI. With Frances 
Jeatar and Gareth 
Armstrong (r). 

930 Adventure. (Mike 

945 Kaleidoscope. Includes 
comment on the new 
musical Chess, and ttw flm 

1415 A Book at Bedtime: The 
Love Child, by Edith 
dinner (3). Reader. Lynn 

1030 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Today in Parfiament 

1230 News: Weater. 1233 

VHF (available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except 534400am Weather; 
Travel. 1130-12.00 For 
Schools: 1130 Music 
Workshop (s). 1135 
Junior Drama Workshop (sL 
1145 Sin gingA long (s). 
135-3JXfomFof Schools: 

135 Listening Comer. 

235 Looking at Nature (s). 

2.20 Discovery (s) 240 
Pictures in Your Mind. 230 
Something to Think 
About 530-535 PM 
(continued) 1130- 
12.10am Open University: 
1130 17th-century 
England. 1130 Autonomy of 
the State 1230-1.10 
Schools night-time 
broadcasting. 1230 Hallo! 

Wie debt's? (5 A 6) 130 
Graded Objectives: 

German, Levels 3 and 4. 

MoreB. piano), Massenet 
Scenes dramatiques). 400 

405 Concert (contd). SibeGus 
(Six Humoresques.Op 87 
Nos 1 and 2, and Op 89 Nos 
1 to 4:H Dimes, violin and 
Berlin FtSO), Alwyn (Four 
Opdonjiiano), Strauss 
(Symprtanic Fantasy. Die 
Frau ohne Schatten}. 930 

9305 This Week's Composer 
HummeL Nocturne. Op 
99 (Hotmes.vtoTm and 
Introduction, Theme and 
Variations. Op 102 

E «uhar]. Hlallekija 
argan). Mandolin 
Concerto In G ((Satet- 
CTrvrer, mandolin) 

1030 Ciarinat and piano: JiAan 
Fane# and Kathron 
Stunock. Schumann 
^amastestuefca. Op 73L 
3 (Four Pieces. Op 5), 

Ire Tchaikowsky 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medun wave. VHF variations at 

455 Weather. 730 News 
735 Morning Concert Suppe 
(Beautmi Galatea 
overture), Krommer (Octet in 
Eilat Op 69), Edward - 
Lear (Home they brought tar 
warrior dead, etc 
Tear, tenor, and 

1035 Salomon Quartet Mozart 
(String Quartet in C 
major, K 157)^nd S_ 
Quartet in C major. K 
1135 Ansermet conducts 
Mussorgsky: Prelude: 
Khovanschchtee. end A 
Night on the Bare 
Mountain; and Pictures from 
an Exhibition, 
orchestrated by Ravel 
12.15 Concert HalkTffnofoy 
te nor), Christopher Kite 
J. Tippett 

lor Ariel), and works 
am Humfrey. 

Purcell and Paul Andrew 
Parkinson. 130 News 
135 Sonny Rofflns: 

recormngs made by the 
American tenor 
saxophonistjnetuding To 
a wild rose 

130 Matinee Musicals: Ulster 
Orchestra (isider Hilary 
Da van Wetton).wrfo Ewan 
Easton (tuba), and 
Michael McGuffln(piano). 
Stemdate Bennett (The 
Naiads overture), 

Butterworth (Two English 
Idylls), Vaughan Williams 
(Tuba Concerto in F 
minor). Britten (Soirees 

230 Flute Trios: DavW 
ButqhuteLRoss Popte 

330 Bruckner: Symphony No 
1C Wt 

under Bryden Thomson 
400 Choral Evensong: from 

530 Midweek Choice: Delius 
Rida). Onslow 
Septet in B flat), 
r (Music tor 
Cleveland), Weber (Lelse, 
leise: Welitsch soprano). 
George Lloyd (Symphony No 

730 Debut Sydna wnhington 
(mezzo) .with Margaret 
Brownbridge (piano). Songs 
including Sbc Songs.Op 6 
(None but the lonely 
heart, and Two Songs Op 47 

730 Bournemouth SO (under 
Fremaux), with Michel 
Dafoerto (piano), Peter 
Hurford (organ). Party 
one. Bizet (Patrie overture). 
Satie (Gymnopedtos. No 
1 andNolLorchastratedby 
Debussy), cf Indy 
(Symphony on a French 
Mountain song) 

425 Six Continents: foreign 

monitored by the BBC 
845 Concert part two, Samt- 
Saens (Symphony No 3) 

9-25 Wasteground: Kate 

Binchy reads the story by 
Christina Reid 
945 Bach: Melvyn Tan 
(harpsichord) plays foe 
English Suite No 8 in □ 
minor, BWV011 
1415 New Premises: Stephen 
Games'® ans magazine 

1130 Manchester Chamber 
Musk: Waiter Klein 
(piano). Schubert (Sonata in 
A. D 959). and Janacek 
(Sonata m E flat mmor) 

1137 News. 1230 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open 
University. From 835am to 
635. Open Forum: 

Students' Magazine. 

C Radio 2 ^ 

On merflum wave. See Ractio 1 
tor VHF variations. 

News on the hour. 

400am Charles Nova (s) 530 
, R ?££?2 re ty. 7 - 30 Jameson 
(s) 930 Ken Bruce (s) 113® 

York 34tf 95,000 TteftS 
DanteStekes 405 John Dunn 
(s)T4»Foik on 2 Is) 430 Tte 
LWahtans and Friends (s) 

400 L^en to the Band (s) 9^ 
Sports Desk 1030 A SBght 
case of Murdoch. Richard Mundoch 
chats to a five audience. 1415 
Harvey and the Wafibengers 1030 
Look wtot they've done to my 
song With Stave Race. 1130 Bifen 
Matthew presents Round 
Midnight (stfflo from mtetnight) 

C Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 

variations at end. 

530am Adrian John 730 Mike 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Simon Bates 1230pm 
Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gary Davies 3.00 Steve Wright 
530 Newsbeat (Frank Partridge) 

545 Bruno Brookes ind, at 
430, new Top 30 album chart 730 
Janice Long 1030-12.00 John 
Peetfs). VHF RADIOS 1 82:- 
430am AS Radio 2. 1030AS 
Radio 1.12.00-430wnAsRad)o2. 


400 Newsdesk 630 Mantian 730 News 
739 Twenty-Four Hours 730 Develop- 
ment '86 40D News 409 Re1laaions£l5 
Classical Record Review 430 Bran of 
Brian 1 988 9lW News 939 Review at the 
Brawn Press 9.15 The world Today 930 
financial News M0 Look Ahead M5 
Flanders and Swann 1030 Nows 1031 
Omnibus 1130 News 1139 News About 
Britain 11.15 On the Box 1135 A latter 
from Wales 1130 Merufien 1230 Radio 
Newsreel 12.15 Nature Notebook 1235 
The Famiina World 1235 Sports Ro ra xtup 
130 News 139 Twenty-Few Hours 130 
Development 88 230 Outkx* 235 Re- 
port on Relgion 330 Radio Newsreel 
3.15Converaations About Literature 
330AI Read Show 400 News 439 
Commentary 4.15 Cotvttsrpaint 545 
Sports Roundup 745 Good Books 830 
News 409 Twenty-Four Hows 430 
Asstyvnem 930 News 931 Network UK 

9.15 Aioum Time 94S Recording of the 
week 1030 News 1039 The Wbrw Today 
103SA Latter from Wales 1030 Hnanda 
News 1040 RetacMino 10.45 Spans 
Rouamm 1130 News 1139 Oommmtara 

11.15 Good Books 1130 Top Twenty 
1230 News 1239 News About Britain 

12.15 Radio Newsreel 1230 AlJtaad 
Show 130 News 131 Outiook 130 
Wavmude 140 Book Choice 145 LMna 
weh Drought 230 News 239 Review ol 
the Bnttsb Press 2.15 Network UK 230 
Assignment 330 News 339 News about 
Bmwi 3.15 The World Today 446 
financial News 435 Reflections 530 
News 409 Twenty-Four Hours 445 The 
World Today. AO (tain b> GMT. 

FREQUENCf&Jtafe 1:1053kHz/285m:t089kHz/275m: Rrafio ft i 
WAftetfo jfc 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; LBC: i152kHzy261m; VHF 97; 
1458kHz/206m: VHF 940; World Sentes MF 648kHz/463m. 

/433m; Rftdfo ft 12l5kHz/247m: VHF -90- 
194m VHF 95A BBC Radio London 

===i Wales Today. 935-73 
1235 News and weather. SCOTLAND 


ater. 835-730 VWeo Gossip. 1230- 
1235am News and weather. 

ENGLAW 535pa^730 Regional news 
me parin e s 


sanaftva Party he coverage of tte 



130 Off The Rack 

Connections 630-635 Chennai Re- 
port 1230eiii Closedown. 

The Sea In Their Bkxte 130 News 
135 Where Ota Jobs Are 130330 Ooun- 
tryPractice 5.15-545 Star Choice 
M Northern lite 1130 Jazz Sped* 
1230 Changing Things tor Good 
12.10am Cfenedown. 

YORKSHIRE g^^; t00 

Feicon Crest 418-548 Star Choice 930- 


83S Calendar 1130 The WM final 
Concert 1230am Ctoeedown. 

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Gower’s terms tell 
of TCCB anxiety 

By John Woodcock, Cricket Correspondent 

In the ordinary way the 
reappointment of an England 
captain following a tour is 
seen as a vote of confidence- 
But not this time. Yesterday's 
announcement that David 
Gower will lead England in 
the two one-day internationals 
later this month and also the 
first Test match, rather than 
the full series, or indeed for 
the following series against 
New Zealand as well, tells of 
the selectors’ anxieties. 

Had they had the courage of 
their convictions they would. 1 
think, have given Gatting the 
job here and now. Instead, 
while wishing Gower every 
success, the Test and County 
Cricket Board “have informed 
him that they are determined 
to improve standards both on 
and off the field and have 
made il clear that they expect 
their players once again to 
show a real pride in playing for 

Gower's reaction to this was 
to say. “1 am obviously on 
trial. The ball is in my court. 

I’ve been asked to show more 
authority. So it is up to me. At 
least I know where 1 stand." 
Whether, in fact he does, or 
could, when the selectors 
themselves hedge their bets, is 
another matter. 

England gave the impres- 
sion in the West Indies of not 
putting their backs into things 
(the authorities at Lord's have 
received numerous protests to 
this effect) and the captain 
must take much of the respon- 
sibility for that Throughout a 
difficult tour there was a 
conspicuous lack of leader- 
ship. Some of the younger 
players endured weeks of 

In Barbados, after losing to 
the island side and then by an 
innings to West Indies. Gower 
made the next practice, some 
days later, optional, and took 
himself off to the beach. So 
much for the responsibilities 
which go with leading England 
and for Peter May's injunc- 
tion. earlier in the week, that a 
special effort be made to “stop 

the rot". It was this son of 
thing, at least as much as 
Gower's tactical shortcomings 
and the licence he allows 
Botham, which prompted the 
selectors’ stern and limdy 

In giving Gower another 
chance the selectors no doubt 
took into account his record 
last year, when he captained a 
winning side against India and 
Australia, which was much to 
his credit, as well as the fan 
that he was England’s most 
successful batsman in the 
Tests against West Indies. He 
also played a helpful part in 
persuading Graham Gooch to 
go to Antigua. 

Then there was Willis's 
failure in the West Indies to 
compensate for Gower’s lack 
of commitment To some 
extent those who appointed 
Willis to be coach-cum-assis- 
tani manager sooner than was 
wise were answerable for the 
ensuing humiliation, which 
was Gower's own description 
of the tour. The fact remains. 

though, that once again lip 
service, nothing more, has 
been paid to the standards 
which the Board espouse yet 
which they know are being 

Those standards have not 
least to do with appearances, 
which means shaving more 
than every third day (those, 
that is, without beards) and 
not looking like tramps or 
stretching out on players' bal- 
conies in front of thousands of 
spectators in only the briefest 
of shorts or being without 
blazers when meeting the 
Governor-General or taking 
the field in dribs and drabs. 
Such slovenliness was not to 
be seen last winter in the West 
Indian camp. The chances are. 
of course, that with or without 
net practice, or discipline and 
dedication. England will make 
all the runs they need against 
India in the coming weeks and 
will be captained in Australia 
next winter by Gower. 

More cricket, page 38 


Delight as 
homes in 

From John Wilcockson 
Jerez de la Frontera 

The victory yesterday of 
Alvaro Pino, aged 29. in the 
41st Tour of Spain was a 
triumph for the underdog. 
Most of the inhabitants of 
Pino's home town of 
Puenteareas. some wearing 
their colourful traditional 
dress, travelled the 700 miles 
by coach and plane from wet 
Galicia to dry Andalucia to 
witness his triumph. Pino's 
best previous performance 
was eighth in last year's Tour 

Remarkably. Pino won the 
final 12.S miles time trial 
yesterday, seven seconds 
ahead of the double Tour de 
France winner, Laurent 
Fignon, and 33 seconds ahead 
of his last and only rival, 
Robert Miliar, of Scotland. 
The Glaswegian, aged 26. 
raced brilliantly to take fourth 
place in the stage, but his best 
was not good enough. 

On a course that started on 
the modern Jerez motor rac- 
ing circuit among the vine- 
yards that produce the world's 
finest sherries, Millar was 
always fighting a losing battle. 

The third place in the time 
trial went to Sean Kelly, who 
conceded that he was not 100 
per cent motivated. 

FINAL STAGE: 12£ mites time trial 
(Spanish unless stated): 1. A Pino, 
25m in 43sec; 2, L Fignon iFij. 25:50: 
3. S Kelly (Ire). 26:08; 4. R Millar 
(GB). 26:16: 5. P Ruiz-Cabestany, 
26:18; 6. M Pnduram. 26:18; 7 l 
Gaston. 26£4; 8, Dietzen (WG), 
26:36: 9. J Vandenbroucka (Bel), 
26:45; 10. M Lejaretta. 26:48. Over- 
all positions: 1. Pmo. 98:16.04; 2. 
Millar at 1:08; 3. Kelly. 5:19: 4. 
Dietzen. 5:58: 5. Lejaretta, 7:12: 6. 
Ruiz-Cabestany, 7:26: 7, Fignon. 


Fatalities prompt 
Audi to withdraw 

By John Goodbody 

Audi, the West German car 
manufacturers, have with- 
drawn their cars from this 
year's world championship 
because of fatal accidents in 
three recent races. The move 
follows the decision by FISA, 
the sport's world governing 
body, to restrict from next 
year the exceptionally power- 
ful 'B* cars which have been 
involved in tragedies in the 
Portuguese, Safari and Corsi- 
can rallies. 

Audi’s unexpected decision 
was prompted, by the deaths of 
the Finnish driver, Henri 
Toivonen. and his co-driver, 
Sergio Cresto, of Italy, in the 
Corsican rally this month 
when they were trapped in 
their burning Lancia. 

Wolfgang Habbel, the chair- 
man of Audi, said in Munich 
yesterday that the decision 
had been with the agreement 
of the drivers of Audi’s two 
works teams, Hannu Mikkola, 
of Finland, and the West 
German, Waher Rohri. both 
former world champions, and 
their co-drivers, Arne Hertz 
and Christian Geisdorfer. 

Audi have been one of the 
most successful rally teams in 
the 1980s and their decision 
will have a profound impact 
on this year's championship in 
which only five of the 13 
rallies have been held. The 
next event, the Acropolis, 
begins on May 31. Audi, 
whose last won the world title 
in 1984. arc third in this year’s 

No other leading manufac- 
turer had last night followed 
Audi’s decision but a spokes- 
man for the RAC. whose 
annual rally is watched by 
three million spectators, said 

they were sad at losing one of 
the most famous contenders 
for November's race.Tt is a 
great shame and it will have a 
serious effect on the rally.”he 
said. " But we understand 
Audi's attitude." 

FISA have already acted to 
limit group *B’ cars which 
have been criticized for being 
“formula one cars in 
disguise." Rallying is open to 
both group 'A' and group 'B' 
cars, out in recent years group 
'B' entries have dominated the 
annual championship. 

Group ‘A’ consists of pro- 
duction cars where at least 
5,000 similar models have 
been produced over 12 con- 
secutive months. They are the 
sort of cars driven by the 
public. Few cars would cost 
more than £6,000 new or be 
capable of exceeding 130 mph. 

The regulations for group 
*B’ is that only 200 models 
need to have been built, which 
usually restricts them to pro- 
fessional drivers. Often group 
‘S' will include cars costing 
more than £85.000 and capa- 
ble of going faster than 160 

The inclusion of both 
groups in the world rallying 
championship has created a 
gap between the ordinary 
person using group ‘A’ and the 
works driver driving a car 
from group l B\ 

An enthusiastic amateur 
driver can no longer compete 
on level terms in rallying and 
FISA's action has been de- 
signed to allow amateur driv- 
ers a belter chance of a high 
placing in the demanding 
sport which marries endur- 
ance and speed time-trials, 
often at nighL 

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By Jenny MacArthnr 

Captain Mark Phillips, who 
had lo withdraw from the 
squad for this month’s world 
three-day event champion- 
ships after his horse. Distinc- 
tive. developed a skin 
infection, is one of eight riders 
on the short list for the Polish 
CCIO (Concours Complei 
Internationale Officiate) at 
Bialy Bor from September 1 8 
to 21. Distinctive, winner of 
the Cbatsworth three-day 
event last year, is said to be fit 
and well again. 

Rachel HunL aged 20. is 
one of the younger rideis on 
the list. Her inclusion comes 
after her outstanding perfor- 
mance at this year's Badmin- 
ton. where she was runner-up 
on Piglet II. 

With many of the European 
countries unable to find the 
resources to send a team to the 
world championships in Aus- 
tralia, it is expected that many 
of them, including Italy ana 
The Netherlands, will send 
teams to Poland. 

Major Malcolm Wallace, 
the director-general of the 
British Equestrian Federation, 
welcomed the Poles' innova- 
tive move. 

The short-list for Poland is: 
M Guidon (The Done Thing), 
R Hum (Piglet II), G Leng 
(Night Cap II). H Ogden 
(Streetlighler/Cressage), M 
Phillips (Distinctive), R Pow- 
ell (Catkin of Rushall). I Stark 
(Glenbumie/Sir Waltic) and J 
ThetwaM (Marsh 

Heron/King’s Jester). 

• Venture Busby, Mandy 
Orchard's ride for next week’s 
world championships in Aus- 
tralia. is giving cause for 
concern because of intermit- 
tent lameness behind He is 

imilnr nhcAnuttlnn 


is out 
to learn 

By Sriknmar Sen 
Boxing Correspondent 

Barry McGuigan gets the 
chance to learn from the 
master when he starts his 
preparation next week for the 
defence of his World Boxing 
Association featherweight title 
against the Argentinian Fer- 
nando Sosa, in Las Vegas, on 
June 23. 

McGuigan, who leaves for 
California next Tuesday, will 
train in Palm Springs with his 
boyhood hero and the boxer 
he would like to model him- 
self on — Roberto Duran, of 
Panama. The former world 
lightweight and welterweight 
champion will also be appear- 
ing on the same bill as 
McGuigan, against Robbie 

McGuigan has been out of 
training because his manager, 
BJ. Eastwood would like him 
to put on some weight for his 
trainer to work on. “Ideally, 
we want him to be ten or 121b 
over the featherweight limit 
before he starts working in a 
warm climate. That will mean 
putting on six pounds before 
we leave." McGuigan will 
arrive in Las Vegas five days 
before the bout. 

Frank Bruno, another Brit- 
ish world title contender, will 
also have to get down to 
serious training soon. The 
date for his heavyweight title 
bout against the WBA cham- 
pion, Tim Witherspoon, of the 
United States, has been set for 
July 19 at Wembley Stadium. 

Ray Gilbody, the British 
bantamweight champion who 
foiled in his challenge for the 
European title when he was 
controversially beaten by Ciro 
de Leva, of Italy, in Cosenza, 
is to get his chance to settle the 
score. The European Boxing 
Union have named the St 
Helens boxer as the official 

• The European middle- 
weight title fight between 
Herol Graham, of Sheffield 
and Tony Sibson will be 
staged by Frank Warren, 
whose purse bid of around 
£140.000 was accepted yester- 
day by the EBU. 



Reno (AP) - The Interna- 
tional Amateur Boxing Asso- 
ciation is to propose a 35-year- 
old age limit on boxers. But 
even if it is approved it will 
contain a loophole that would 
allow the three-times Olympic 
champion, Teofilo Stevenson, 
of Cuba, to box in the 1988 
Games in Seoul South Korea, 
at the age of 37. 

Dr Hans Grebe, the presi- 
dent of the association, said 
that when a boxer reached 35 
he could apply for an exten- 
sion to box until December of 
his 37th year and would be 
allowed to do so if he passed 
an annual examination. The 
I98S Games will be held in 
September and eariy October 
of Stevenson's 37th year. 

The proposal must be ap- 
proved by the executive com- 
mittee of the IABA, which is 
due to meet today, and by that 
group's congress. The congress 
meets in November at Bang- 
kok, Thailand 

Cash pledge 

Coventry City Football 
Gub are expected to an- 
nounce the name of their new 
manager within the next week 
and he will have money to 
spend on players. Ted Stocker, 
the club's chairman, said that 
money from the £1 30.000 sale 
of David Bowman and Jim 
Mclnally to Dundee United 
would be made available^ to 
£f renof hen.tba tram 

Bobby Robson, the England manager, takes time out during a game of golf with his World 
Cup squad in Colorado Springs to enthuse about Hoddle — "one of tire best natural two- 

footed players in Europe." 


Becker provides a 
touch of glamour 

From Richard Evans, Rome 

Rome this year promises to 
be eveiylhing that Monte 
Carlo was not It has sunshine 
(which might have been pre- 
dicted) and now, as an unex- 
pected bonus, it also has Boris 

It was, in feet. Becker's 
inability through injury to 
play at Monte Carlo which 
prompted him to ask for a 
wild card here. Becker lakes 
his place as No.3 seed in the 
strongest field for an Italian 
Open seen at the Foro Italic© 
since 1978, when Bjorn Borg 
won here for the last time. 

Of the top 10 at 
preseniactive in the game, 
only Stefon Ed berg is missing 
— a tribute to the efforts that 
have been made to recapture 
some of the glamour and 
prestige of Rome in the early 
days of Open tennis. 

Becker's appearance on the 
famous marble-tiered centre 
court certainly injected a little 
glamour into the proceedings 
as for as the Italian public was 
concerned because the place 
was three-quarters full, not a 
frequent occurence on week- 
day afternoons in recent years. 
Becker matte the most of a 
good first round draw and 
disposed of Michael 
Westphal, his West German 
Davis Cup team-mate. 6-2, 6- 


Like Becker. Westphal pre- 
fers faster surfaces but unlike 
his compatriot he foils to 
make the necessary adjust- 
ment with his feet and gets 
lazy. Lazy players do not win 
on clay. 


. Earlier Henrik Sundstrom. 
who is not lazy but merely 
confused, tried to remember 
how it was when he was in the 
top 10 for Rome but sadly his 
memory failed him. A senes of 
injuries have nibbled at his 
confidence and he has lost his 
way. Joakim Nystrom. the 
year's most consistent per- 
former. was just about the last 
player Sundstrom wanted to 
meet in the first round and. 
predictably, he went down 6- 

Happily the crowds did not 
have to direct aD their enthusi- 
asm towards Becker because 
there is now a Roman capable 
of holding their attention, at 
least for a white. Claudio 
Pistolesi is the world junior 
champion and is starting to 
use his big forehand to good 
effect in the senior ranks. 
Yesterday he outgunned the 
Argentine, Alejandro 
GanzabaL 6-3, 6-2 and was 
immediately surrounded by 
well-wishers. Only Gianni 
Clerici, a writer who rails 
against all things vulgar in his 
celebrated column in a Milan 
paper, was unimpressed. 

RESULTS; First round: L Lavalte 

(Max) M M Cterro (it), 5-7, 7-5. 7-6: T 
Sired (Cz) bt C Panatta (It), 

. 1-6. 6-2, 
(Sm) bt H 
" M; C 

3, 6-2: H Gumhardt 
Gunnarsson (Swe), 7-6, 6-1; 

6-0; J Nystrom 
Pistolesi (It) bt A 

Terry Connor (above), the 
Brighton and Hove Albion 
footballer, yesterday signed a 
new three-year contract Alan 
Military's first success after 
rejoining the dob as manager. 
Connor, a forward who joined 
Brighton from Leeds United in 
an exchange deal involving 
Andy Ritchie, scored 16 goals 
in 38 matches this season. 

£20,000 boost 

Badminton has received a 
£20,000 boost from the equip- 
ment manufacturers. Rein- 
forced Shuttlecocks Limited. 
The London-based company 
have agreed a nine per cent 
discount on a quarter of a 
million shuttlecocks they will 
sell next season, enabling 
,£20.000 to be divided between 
the Badminton Association of 
England and the county asso- 
ciations to help develop the 
. <:nnrt _ ■ 


[rtshnan (India) bt S Zivcmriovic 
rug), 7-5, 6-2; B Becker (WG) bt M 
tfestphal (WG), 6-2, 6-0; D Keretic 
(WG) bt R Araueto (Arg). 6-3. 6-7, 6- 
2; M Mecir(Cz) bt S Cssal 
6-4: R Ostttrthun (WC 
Bengoechea (Arg). 6-2, 6- 

Title bout 

Tokyo (AP) - Tsuyoshi 
Hamada. of Japan, will chal- 
lenge the champion, Rene 
Arredondo, of Mexico, for the 
World Boxing Council junior 
welterweight title in Tokyo on 
July 24. 

Irish honour 

Trevor Anderson, the 
Linfield forward and former 
Irish international has been 
named Northern Ireland foot- 
baller-of-the-year. The former 
Manchester United, Swindon 
Town and Peterborough Unit- 
ed player, now aged 35, scored 
32 goals this season to help 
Linfield win the Irish League 
championship for the filth 

Mike again 

Newport Rugby Football 
Club have picked the 
hooker.Mike Watkins, as cap- 
lain for next season, his fourth 
successive year in charge. 
Newport were beaten finalists 
in the Welsh Cup this season, 
finished fourth in the merit 
table championship and won 
the Snelling Sevens. 

Cyclist hurt 

Palermo (AP) - An Italian 
cyclist who Lapsed into a coma 
following a crash in the the 
Tour of Italy was reported to 
be improving after undergoing 
a brain operation. Doctors 
said Emiliano Ravasio, aged 
24. had regained conscious- 
ness after a Wood clot was 

fpmftvwl.frftin.hKjhojii. .. 


Pean and 
his crew 
victors on 

By Bany PkkthaU 

L’Esprit d'Equipe, the 58ft 
Briand design skippered by 
Lionel Pean from St Malo, 
France, crossed the Ports- 
mouth finish line at the end of 
the Whitbread round the 
world race shortly before mid- 
night on Monday to take 
handicap honours both for 
this final 6,280-mite stage 
from Uruguay and the race, 
Pean and his French crew of 
eight were greeted by a large 
patriotic crowd of Tricolour- 
bearing supporters firing flares 
off at will to the strains of a 
jazz band on the quayside. 
And the celebrations contin- 
ued well into the early hours of 
the morning. 

The French yacht, spon- 
sored by Bull Computers with 
the aim of engendering a 
greater team spirit within the 
company, won three of the 
four legs on handicap, finish- 
ing second to Philips Innova- 
tor on the second stage from 
Cape Town to Auckland, 
when a lack of wind at the 
finish robbed this crew of a 
dean sweep. 

It was not all plain sailing 
however. After lifting out their 
fractionally rigged mast in 
Auckland for servicing, the 
crew found that the spar had 
buckled at deck level. The 
French mast manufacturer de- 
clined to replace the lower 
section, bolting plates each 
side of the damaged area 
instead. And this Heath Rob- 
inson repair almost cost them 
the race. 

Shortly before rounding 
Cape Horn, as the yacht surfed 
through the Southern Seas at 
12 to 15 knots, Lionel Pean 
suddenly noticed that contin- 
ued pressure from the boom 
dragging in the water had 
exaggerated the original dam- 
age to the point where the 
section had almost cracked in 

The crew hurriedly bolted a 
spare boom sleeve over the 
damage and. after rigging up a 
series of Spanish windlasses to 
support the section above and 
below deck, they managed to 
reach Pun la del Este, the third 
stopover port with the rig just 

Three days ago. the mast 
was again distorted white surf- 
ing across the Bay of Biscay 
but by this time the crew knew 
they held a healthy lead over 
second-placed Philips Innova- 
tor-arid were able to take it 
relatively easy on the last 400 
mites to the finish. 

Norsk Data, the former 
Great Britain ir now skip- 
pered by Bob Salmon, is due 
to complete her fifth circum- 
navigation this afternoon. 
Salmon and his 18-strong 
crew of amateurs, who all paid 
for the privilege of competing 
in this event, will be at least 
ihree-and-a-half days outside 
the yacht's -record 134Vi-day 
circumnavigation set during 
the 1977-78 Whitbread race. 

RESULTS: Total corrected time for 
L’Esont d'Equsp ill days 23 noure 
69 minutes 49 seconds. 2 Philips 
innovator 112 days 21 hours 31 
mmutes 37 seconds, 3 Famr Fin- 
land 1 1S days 00 hours 49 mmutes 
10 seconds. 4 UBS Switzerland 117 
days 04 hours 47 minutes 03 

eofrmrtn.. — 

* + + + + + 

a class 

From Smart Jones 

Football Correspondent 

FnplanH are to continue 
their World Cup preparations 
here afternoon with a 
fixture against their fellow 
finalists from Sooth Korea. It 
will be another valuable outing 
bid the scoreline, _ whichever 
way it reads, will be as 
jnsjgnificant as their 11-fr 
victory against representatives 
from the local air force earlier 

in the week. 

For a start the game will be 
held on the playing fields of a' 

inrai school and almost every- 
body in the two respective 
squads will be given a chance 
to stretch their legs. England's 
lanp injury doubts concern 
Bryan Robson, who has 
strained an Achilles tendon, 
and Wilkins, who has dam- 
aged knee ligaments. 

On Monday the pair of them 
went cycling (or on their Toot 
de France, as they preferred to 
call it), while their colleagues 
took more gentle exercise on 
the nearby golf coarse. Robson 
and Willdns were the only two 
who did not take part in the 
substantial win- 

Dixon and Hateley scored 
three goals apiece in each half 
but the outstanding individual 
was Hoddle, who bagged a 
couple. Let the appraisal of 
Bobby Robson, the England 
manager, speak for itself. “He 
was fantastic. The broadness 
of his vision amazed me. I used 
to admire Johnny Haynes, 
with whom I played, and I 
thought be was the best passer 
of a ball I'd ever seen. 

“I am now beginning to 
think that Hoddle could be 
even better. His delivery and 
his touch were immaculate. He 
has always been talented but it 
seems that be has added much 
more to his game. Over the 
next three or four weeks he is 
in a position to prove himself 
to be one of die best natural 
two-footed players in Europe, 
if not in the world 

'The strength of the opposi- 
tion is not that important. If be 
can do that in that sort of 
company, I believe he can do it 

England's activities have 
otherwise been limited to 
strolling up tire nearby moun- 
tains to 10,000 feet. It was 
there that Bryan Robson suf- 
fered his injury. 

Evert on's four representa- 
tives were the last members of 
the party to complete the 
inordinately lengthy journey 
to the training camp. Their 
reception on entering the Unit- 
ed States was particularly 
poignant. The qretion of a 
charmless immigration officer 
could have been posed in no 
other country. On being told 
tire purpose of their visit was 
to join England's build -up to 
tire World Cup finals, he 
looked puzzled. “What’s 
that?" he asked solemnly. “Is 
that for rowing?" 

Over tire weekend Lineker, 
Steven and Stevens were feted 
wherever they went between 
Wembley and Merseyside 
(Reid depressed by the defeat 
last Saturday, chose not to join 
the FA Cup final celebrations 
with their rivals). 

Within boors of being ac- 
claimed by numerous friends, 
they were being ignored by a 
few strangers. They came to 
Colorado to acclimatize to the 
altitude. It could be said they 
have, momentarily at hast, 
travelled in the opposite direc- 
tion. After flying high along- 
side Liverpool, they are now 
grounded in relatively private 

top coach 

Eduard Malofeyev, who 
took the Soviet Union throu gh 
the qualifying rounds to the 
World Cup finals, was re- 
placed as chief coach y ester- 
day less than three weeks 
before the start of the climax 
in Mexico- Valery 
Lobanovsky, coach of Europe- 
an Cup Winners' Cup winners. 
Dynamo Kiev, and a former 
national coach, has taken over 
the post 

The Brazilian World Cup 
squad suffered the latest m a 
long series of iqjury Mows 
yesterday when the veteran 
midfield player, Dirtew, was 
ruled out of a proposed warm- 
up game against Mexican first 
division side, Toluca. 

Dirceu. preparing for hi&< 
third World Cup, damaged 
tendons in his right knee in 
training on Monday. 

Colin Clarke, the Bourne- 
mouth forward who is with the 
Northern Ireland squad pre- 
paring for the finals, is wanted 
by the Italian dub, Torino. 

Bournemouth said yesterday 
that a “substantial offer" hail 
been made for Clarke who 
scored 35 goals this season. 

Several first division dobs 
have also shown an interest in 
the 23-year-old fottner 
.Tranmere, Royers pfaver.