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1 ^'^' 


No 62,458 

FRIDAY MAY 16 1986 


join m 

• Mrs Thatcher faced heavy criticism 
from the opposition, parties and mo ant- 
ing concern from her backbenchers as 
April jobless figures rose a gain to 

• British Caledonian is to shed 1,000 
staff, while the Post Office has switched 
Its parcels to road, endangering 400 
British Rail jobs (Page 2) 


• Government figares showed that the 
unemployment trend is firmly upwards, 
manufacturing ootpnt is falling and pay 
increases are far outstripping those of 

• However, better news for the Govern- 
ment is that the number of working days 
lost throngh strikes in the past 12 
months are the lowest for 20 years 

By Philip Webster and Richard Evans 
The Prime Minister yesler- million more jobs had been 

I day faced an onslaught of 
criticism from the opposition 
. parties and mounting concern 
from her own backbenchers as 
;the latest unemployment fig- 
ures showing another increase 
'last month came after the 
news of 1. J 000 redundancies at 
the British Caledonian airline 
and. 3.500 jobs lost in the 
shipbuilding iodusuy. 

Mrs Thatcher was sharply 
attacked in the Commons on 
the Government's unemploy- 
ment record soon after Lord 
Young of Graffham, the Secre- 
tary of Slate for Employment, 
had given a warning that 
"spiralling labour costs could 
threaten not only the 
'Government's inflation 
record but send unemploy- 
• ment even higher. 

Speaking in Penh, where he 
was attending the Scottish 
Conservative conference. 
Lord Young said it was crucial 
to break the practice of annual 
pay increases, arguing that 
extra pay should be given only 
for increased productivity and 
improved working practices.. 

In the Commons. Mrs 
Thatcher was forced on to the 
defensive by critical questions 
from Conservative MPs on 
the British Shipbuilders and 
British Caledonian 

Under attack from the Op- 
position about the April job- 
less figures showing an 
increase to 3,325,OOQ,sbe said 
that in the past three years one 

created. - 

But Sir Edward du Gann, 
former chairman of the 
backbench 1922 Committee, 
told her of the “deep anxiety’” 
on ail sides about the decline 
in shipbuilding capacity. 

Mr Neil Kmnock, the La- 
bour leader, Mr James Calla- 
ghan, the former Prime 
Minister, and later Sir Ed- 
ward, called on the Prime 

BR contract lost 
Kenneth Fleet 




Minister to adopt a scrap-and- 
build policy to help the indus- 
try through its crisis. 

Mr Kinnock, who also 
called on her to bring forward 
public sector orders, said; “Is 
the Prime Minister going to 
stand by and let British Ship- 
builders Join the long end 
growing list of those industries 
which have become her eoo- 

' But Mrs Thatcher rejected 
such a policy. She said that the 
Swedes had .effectively aban- 
doned merchant shipbuilding, 
Japan was adjusrmg to a 
shortage of orders, the Ger- 
mans and French had also cut 
caprity. There was no point in 
scra^and-build; there were 
already too. many ships. 

Mrs Thatcher regretted the 
British Caledonian cuts and 
said that the lower traffic 
levels were due in pan to 
"over-exaggerated fears of ter- 

rorism, particularly in the 
United States". 

Sir Edward last night called 
for a coordinated govern- 
ment response to the crisis. He 
told The Times: “From the 
defence point of view it is 
appalling. It took over 50 
ships for the Falklands opera- 
tion. Half of those have been 
sold. We could not mount 
another Falklands operation." 

Lord Young's blunt mes- 
sage in Perth came after the 
disclosure that wages and 
salaries per unit of output in 
manufacturing industry rose 
by 8.3 per cent in the first 
quarter of this year, compared 
to 5.6 per cent in the third 
quarter of 1985. 

He said after his conference 
speech: “1 am absolutely sp- 
iralled. I cannot use language 
strong enough to say what is 

In West Germany and Ja- 
pan similar costs bad not 
increased while in the US and 
Canada there had been a 2 per 
cent rise. “They are all below 
the rate of inflation yet ours 
have gone up by double the 
rate of inflation. 

Calling for a break in the 
practice of annual pay in- 
creases, Lord Youn| said: “ If 

Bob Geldof giving the thumbs-up at Heathrow yesterday for the Sport Aid 737 sponsored by British Airways for the Race 
Against Time. It wiD carry a runner from Khartoum to London today. (Photograph: Peter Trievuor). Spectrum, page 8. 

up as 

By David Smith 
Economics Correspondent 

Manufacturing output is 
failing the unemployment 
trend is firmly upwards and 
Britain's pay increases are far 
outstripping those of competi- 
tors. according to a gloomy set 
of government figures released 

In the first quarter of this 
year manufacturing output fell 
by 1.2 per cent, the biggest 
drop in any quarter since 
1980. Unemployment rose by 
1,282 Iasi month to 3.325,038 
— 13.7 per cent of the 

The best guide to unem- 
people pay themselves more ployment trends, the seasonal- 
than the rate of inflation! jy adjusted adult total, rose 
without getting productivity last month by 3,200 to a 

better they are creating unem- 

ployment in the future, if not 

themselves, for the person 
who works next to them." 


. .. > 





The British are big 
in Cannes this year 
—but is the film 
festival what it was? 

% The Tunes Portfolio 
Gold competition prize 
of £8,000, double the 
usual amount because 
no one won on 
Wednesday, was 
shared yesterday by 
four readers who re- 
ceive £2,000 each. 
Details, page 3 
• Portfolio fist, page 
26; rules and howto 
play, information ser- 
vice, page 16 

Botha warning 

President Botha said outside 
interference in South Africa's 
affairs would not be tolerated, 
in what was seen as a warning 
io the Commonwealth Emi- 
nent Persons Group not to 
push Pretoria too hard Page 5 
Leading article, pagell 

Banning right 

The European Court of Justice 
has ruled that the Chief Con- 
stable of the RUC can dis- 
criminate against 
officers in banning them trom 
carrying firearms Page 2 

On This Day 

On May 16. 1800 two at- 
tempts were thought to have 
been made on the life of 
George HI- The first was an 
-accident". For the second a 
former soldier was put- in 
Bedlam for life Pagell 

Home News 2*4 

Overseas 5-7 

Appis 20 

Arts 15 

marriages W 

Bittiness 17-2$ 
Chess 2 

fboirh 14 

Coart J4 

Crosswoitfs 8.16 

Diary 10 

Law Report 












Sale Boon 

■ 4 



Span 29-33 

Tfeeatre&etc 31 

TV & Radio 




ft * 4 * 4 

BCal to reduce 


By Michael Baily, Transport Editor 

British Caledonian, 
Britain's leading independent 
airline; yesterday announced 
1.000 job cuts in an effort to 
avoid being pushed into the 
red because of felling traffic 
this year. The move will 
increase, speculation of a take- 
over, possibly by the Intasun 
Leisure Group who are al- 
ready discussing commercial 
collaboration with BCaE . . 

The airline has been hard 
hit by the Libya and 

of provincial reservation cen- 
tres in Britain, should be 
enough to prevent the deficit, 
Mr Trevor Boud, finance di- 
rector. said. They still hope to 
go ahead with a stock market 
flotation in 1988-89. 

But that could well be 
forestalled by a merger or 
takeover of what has always 
looked a vulnerable as well as 
an attractive airline. Mr Harry 
Goodman^ Intasun Leisure 
Group's chairman, is thought 

Chernobyl crises and is shed- ■ to be interested in a full-scale 
ding 1,000 of its 7,600 staff in takeover despite the smaller 

an attempt to cut costs by £30 
million a year. 

Revenue dropped by £3.7 
million in the first 15 days 
after the bombing of Tripoli 
Mr David Coltman. managing 
director, said at a London 
press conference. US 
travellers’ fears of terrorism 
and Chernobyl radioactivity 
tn Europe are expected to 
reduce revenue by £25. million 
to £35 million and turn last 
year's £2 1 .7 million profit into 
a loss this year in the absence 
of remedial action. 

The £30 million savings 
package including 1 .000 large- 
ly voluntary redundancies, 
trimming of Atlantic and Mid- 
dle East services, and closure 

apparent sere of his group. 

But BCaL still a private 
Contineed on page 16, col 1 

Mr Coltman who squashed 
talk of a takeover 

record 3,201 ,8u0. This com- 
pared with the erratic 37,700 
increase in March. 

. In die first three months of 
this year unit wage and-salaiy 
costs ixr manufacturing were, 
up by 8.3 per cent on a year 
earlier. This is an acceleration 
from the 6.25 per cenf increase 
of tet year, which itself was 
much higher than in competi- 
tor countries. Unit wage costs 
in Japan and Germany did not 
rise at all last year. In the 
United Stales the rise was 2 
per cent, in France 1 per cent 

The sharp rise in Britain's 
unit wage costs are due to 
stubbornly high pay settle- 
ments, with average earnings 
continuing to rise at 7.5 per 
cent, while inflation figures 
due today are expected to 
show a rate of a little over 3 

Productivity growth has 
also faltered. In the first 
quarter, output per man in 
manufeciuring fell by 0.3 per 
cent, the first drop since 1 980. 
Rising productivity has been 
an important element in the 
Government's • claim that 
Britain's industrial perfor- 
mance has been transformed 
in the past seven years. 

Mr Jon Shields, director of 
the all-party Employment In- 
stitute, said that the dear 
upward trend in the jobless 
figures last month, and this 
week's announced redundan- 
cies in shipbuilding, pointed 
to a deterioration in 

unemployment. • 

The unemployment figures, 
taken in conjunction with the 
latest industrial output data, 
point to a worrying downturn 

Continued oa page 16, col 8 

The Chernobyl consequences 

US specialist forecasts 
more victims will die 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Dr Robert Galedrom the 
University of California, the 
American bone-marrow spe- 
cialist who has been treating 
the worst-hit radiation victims 
from the Chernobyl disaster, 
gave a- grim warning here 
yesterday that the death toll 
will rise from the present 
official figures of nine dead 
and 299 injured. 

Dr Gale, speaking for the 
first time since his arrival in 
Moscow on May 2, produced a 
remarkable insight into the 
increasingly severe medical 
consequences of the disaster. 

“The number of casualties 
may change substantially, 
there may well be additional 
deaths," he said. 

In contrast to the obsessive 
secrecy which has surrounded 
so many aspects oT the world's 
most serious endear disaster, 
Br Gale spoke oat strongl y is 
favour of pnbfirizmg all the 
known details. ~ 

He pledged that US and 
Soviet specialists would pub- 
fish afl their, joist findings in 
specialist journals. 

He praised the Moscow 
hospital facilities and the 
treatment already given to the 

But be said that large 
quantities of drugs, medical 
equipment and a number of 
extra specialists, including one 
from the Weizman Institute in 
Israel, had been flown to 
Moscow because of the enor- 
mity of the radiation problems. 

His early conclusion, he 
said — adding that it would 
probably get him into tronble 
— was the inadequacy of any 
country to deal with nuclear 
accidents, emphasizing that 

Chernobyl had been the result 
of a power reactor rather than 
a bomb. 

“It is a lesson to anyone who 
thinks there can be a success- 
ful response to a thermo- 
nuclear war," he said. 

Of the most severely radiat- 
ed patients, many of whom 

Soviet thanks 

Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the new 
Soviet Ambassador in Lon- 
don. yesterday launched a 
Russian international propa- 
ganda offensive aimed at re- 
pairing the damage caused by 
the mishandling of ChemobyL 
He thanked the British Gov- 
ernment and people for their 
sympathy and support Page 5 

were .Soviet firemen who 
fought the initial . blare and 
prevented it spreading to a 
second reactor,, .19 have now 
received bone-marrow trans- 
plants, their only remaining 
hope of snrvivaL 

The donors have afl been 
relatives, although an interna- 
tional “bank" had been stand- 
ing by, including some in 

Dr Gale told a news confer- 
ence that in the 16 other cases, 
which had included seven of 
the deaths to date, the complex 
bone-marrow operation was 
either considered unmerited or 
the patients* other vital organs 
such as liver or gastrointesti- 
nal tract had been so severely 
damaged by radioactivity that 
a transplant was not consid- 
ered of any use. 

It was, he said, his first 
“field experience" of a nuclear 
disaster and all the doctors 

had been struck by the com- 
plexity of the victims' medical 

“Some have themselves be- 
come radioactive. It is not 
something that we are used 
to," Dr Gale added. 

The US specialist, aged 40, 
was speaking hours before a 
meeting In toe Kremlin with 
Mr Gorbachov, who earlier 
praised his efforts oo televi- 
sion despite the Soviet refesai 
to accept any US Government 

Dr Gale said he would be 
pressing for an international 
team to be permitted to enter 
the crippled plant as soon as 

Pressed by reporters about 
toe dangers to people living 
ontside the evacnated 18-mile 
zone around the plant, be 
replied: “Nothing is- impossi- 
ble. It is extraordinarily un- 
likely that anyone at a 
considerable distance from the 
power soured will softer from 
acute radiation sickness. 
However,there will be long- 
term effects." 

Dr Gale was flanked by toe 
leading Soviet doctor handling 
the radiation victims and by 
Dr Armand Hammer, the 87- 
year old US millionaire who 
arranged and personally fi- 
nanced the merry mission. 

Dr Hammer, toe chairman 
of OoridentaL the giant oil 
company, is also chairman of 
President Reagan's cancer ad- 
visory' paneL 

He said that he had earlier 
met some of the worst-affected 
victims in a Moscow hospital. 

Chernobyl aftermath, page 5 
Leading article, page 11 





By Sheila Gnnn 
Political Staff 

Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science, yesterday branded 
students who denied speakers 
the right io be heard as “the 
new barbarians". 

The policy of some student 
unions to disrupt speeches by 
those considered to be racist 
or fascist was “wrong, mis- 
guided and harmful” he said. 

His reprimand, delivered in 
a letter to Mr Phil Woo las, 
president of the National 
Union of Students, came after 

violent scenes at lectures giv- 

en by Mr John Carlisle, 
servative MP for Luton 
North, at Bradford Universi- 
ty. and Professor John Vin- 
cent, a Sun columnist, at 
Bristol University. 

Sir Keith said some of the 
students who took part in the 
disturbances supported phi- 
losophies in which open dis- 
cussion was no more valued or 
respected than by fascism. 

But the majority had been 
“temporarily swept away by 
their own distaste for racism 
and fascism". 

“They have forgotten that 
our protection of free speech is 
not designed merely to allow 
that which is popular to be 
said but also, far more impor- 
tantly. that which is unpopu- 
lar of wrong.” 

Free and orderly debate was 
the hallmark of a society 
worth living in. Sir Keith said. 
Universities and polytechnics 
should be the crucibles of 
debate and discussion. 

“But the new barbarians are 
not interested in such 

Discussion of immigration 
policy and sanctions against 
South Africa were far too 
important to be suppressed, 
he continued. Racism and 
fascism were not the only 
creeds that denied 

“By a cruel irony there is a 
new breed of anu-rarist and 
anti-fascist who are as sure of 
their own superiority, as un- 
willing to respect toe rights 
and. views of others, as any 
racist or fescisi". 

• Seven • Bristol University 
students escaped being ex- 
pelled yesterday after they 
were given light sentences by a 
disciplinary committee for 
taking part in mass pickets 
against Professor Vincent 
(Our Bristol Correspondent 

About fifty supporters 
clapped and cheered the group 
as they emerged from the 
Senate House, where a nine- 
member committee had just 
handed down the sentences. 
One student was fined £90 and 
another was warned he would 
lace a year's suspension if he 
did anything else wrong. 

The group had been found 
guilty of disrupting Professsor 
Vincent's lecture. The profes- 
sor was spat at. insulted and 
showered with manure 

Plutonium level may 
have been 1,100 lb 

Strikes at lowest level for 20 years 

By Our Economics 

Working days lost through 
strikes over the past 12 
months were the lowest for 
more than 20 years, according 
to Department of Employ- 
ment figures published 

Mr Kenneth Clarke, the Em- 
ployment Minister, said; 
“Britain has enjoyed a period 

of industrial peace in the last 
12 months, unrivalled for 22 

“Just one year after toe end 
of the miners' strike we look 
set to turn a comer. We now 
have a better chance than at 
any time in the last 20 years to 
get both sides of industry 
working together for profit- 

The figures show 
178,000 working days 



lost through strikes in March, 
compared with a March aver- 
age over the previous 10 years 
of 1.054 million. 

In the 12 months to March, 
2-289 million days were lost, 
the lowest for any correspond- 
ing 12-month period since 
1964. It was the lowest run- 
ning 12-month period for days 
lost since 1967.1n the previous 
12 months, to March 1985. 
28.8 million days were lost. 

Norwegian scientists have 
calculated that there were 
1.1 00 lb of plutonium in the 
core of the nuclear reactor at 
Chernobyl when it exploded 
last month. 

That figure and others, 
thought to be the first in- 
formed scientific estimates of 
the magnitude of the Cher- 
nobyl disaster, are to be 
published this morning in 
Aftenposien, the national 

Scientists at the Institute for 
Energy Technology near Oslo 
base their calculations on 
radiation measurements ac- 
ross Scandinavia and over the 
nuclear plant, and on official 
records about its running and 

At the time of the disaster, 
the 1. 000 megawatt reactor 
had completed 730 days of 
power production. It con- 
tained 180 tonnes of uranium 
fuel, the Norwegians say. 

MosL but not all of the 
plutonium, would have re- 

From Tony Samstag, Oslo 

mained in the core or would 
have fallen near by after the 

Swedish scientists said earli- 
er this week that they had 
measured traces of plutonium 
in rainwater on the Eastern 
coast. Norway itself has no 
facilities for monitoring plu- 

The Norwegians say that 
altogether the core would have 
contained 2 tonnes of radio 
nudeides. among them the 
now familiar isotopes of io- 
dine and caesium, of which 
44-66 lb would have been 
blown into the atmosphere in 
the first days of the accident 

According to the calcula- 
tions, immediately after the 
explosion the levels of expo- 
sure up to 85 ft from the plant 
would have been 360 roent- 
gens of gamma radiation. This 
would lead eventually to an 
increasing number of totalities 
among people exposed to that 
level of dose for more than 
one hour. 

Three missing 
as fishing 
boat sinks 

An air-sea search for the 
three crewmen 1 of a fishing 
boat was under way. late 
yesterday off toe island of 
Islay, Scotland, after feint 
radio signals had been picked 
up saying she was sinking 
(Ronald Faux writes). . . 

An RAF helicopter, two 
lifeboats, fishing vessels. .and a 

Royal Navy minesweeper 
joined the search eight miles 
west of Islay foribe men from 
the 40-foot boat. Jake II. 

Wreckage found was con- 
firmed last night as coming 
from toe boat but there was no 
sign of the crew, believed io be 
from Port Ellen on Islay. 

Advice for pets to chew on 

By Aten Hamilton 

Regular dally brushing of 
toe teeth helps to prevent 
decay and gum disease, and 
keeps the breath Sweet, bnt 
plain water or salt are prefera- 
ble to toothpaste; a dental 
expert advised yesterday. The 
only problem is to dissuade the 
dog from biting your fingers 
off while yon do it- 

Tbe answer b to introduce 
the habit at an earfy age so 
that it becomes an accepted 
part of duly routiner Ordinary 
toothpaste is too frothy; 
smokers* toothpaste is better, 
and in the United States a 
specially formulated liver-fia- 
vonred preparation has found 
favour among users. 

As many as 95 per cent of 
dogs over toe age of two suffer 
from periodontal disease 
which affects both teeth and 
gums, toe British Small Ani- 
mal Veterinary Association 
said yesterday. Its promotion 
of regular dental care and 
check-ups for dogs was per- 
fectly serioos, they Insisted. 

“Tartar accumulates on a 
dog's teeth and can become a 
serious problem, as well as 
making them smelly," Mr 
Bradley Vioer, a London vet 
and the association's spokes- 
man, said. 

“Giving them dog chews, 

bard biscuits and uncooked 
marrowbones -can help, bnt 
scaling teeth b now a regular 

practice among vets.' 

Most vets offer dentistry as 
part of then service, and some 
have teamed op with human 
dentists to offer more ad- 
vanced treatment such as tooth 
capping and fillings. The asso- 
ciation pointed oat that such 
work has to be dose under toe 
supervision of a vet, and that 
people should under no cir- 
cumstances take their dogs to 
their Own dentist 

Similar problems affect 
cate, bat as they take much 
less kindly to having their 
teeth brushed, feline preven- 
tive dentistry has never really 
caught on. Bnt Mr Vioer 
recently attended a lecture by 
a human dentist who had fitted 
crowns to a rabbit 

De Angelis 
dies alter 
test crash 


Elio De Angelis. the Italian 
motor racing driver, died yes- 
terday in a Marseilles hospital 
24 hours after crashing his 
Brabbam-BMW car during 
tests at the Paul Bicard circuit 
at Le CastelleL He was 28. 

Thirty grand prix driven 
have been killed since 1949. 
De Angela's accident was the 
worst in Formula One since 
1982 when Gilles Vjlieneuve 
anti Riccardo Paletii were 
killed and Didier Pironi in- 
jured. Since then new safety 
features have been 

Obituary. page 14 
Testing risks, page 32 

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RUG ban on firearms 
for women is backed 
by European Court 

The European Court of 
L Justice ruled yesterday that 
-rthe Chief Constable of the 
■\ Royal Ulster Constabulary 
has the right, to discriminate 
r.’.against. women, officers by 
.-banning them from carrying 

By Richard Ford 

to give her back the job. In not 
renewing their contract, he 
said that the ban on carrying 
weapons meant they were 
unable to cany out security 
duties in the province. _ 
After hearing of -the judg- 
ment in Luxembourg, the 

> But in the test case brought woman who served in New- 
by a 40-year-old, former full- castle. County Down, said: “I 

by a 40-year-old, former full- 
-time woman police reservist, 
it said such a ban was not a 
.'•good enough reason to dismiss 

■ The court ruled that Sir 
John Hermon can stop worn- 
* en officers in the force from 
..carrying firearms in. the inter- 
rest of national and public 
.security and where it could 

- bring anxiety and result in 
-..them being. less effective. 

It said any woman reservist 
..who lost her job because of the 
-ban could appeal against the 
decision at an industrial tribu- 
•nal in the province which 
.would decide whether condi- 
tions in the north justified 
such discrimination. 

- The woman, unnamed for 
. -security reasons, was one of 40 
-- full-time women reservists 
-whose contracts were not re- 
newed in 1980. If she wins an 
appeal at an industrial tribu- 
nal Sir John would be forced 

castle. County Down, said: “I 
am very pleased with the 
ruling. The court is saying that 
in some cases women are 
precluded from doinga partic- 
ular job because they cannot 
carry firearms but we really 
did not have to be treated in 

judgment establishes impor- 
tant points of principle relat- 
ing to the paramount 
obligations of community law 
over domestic law, with ex- 
ceptions relating only to the 
‘wholly exceptional.' situation' 
in Northern Ireland-!* 

Unlike their male col- 
leagues, women members of 
both the regular RUC and its 
reserve have never, been 
armed in spite of the 17 years 
of the troubles and the terror- 
ist campaign . 

The Home Office has no 
figures relating to women 

the way we were because of officers in England and Wales 
that.” who are trained to use fire- 

She said she would take the arms. 

ray to an industrial tribunal. 
The court said that greater 
efforts should have been made 
to find alternative work for 
women within the force. 

The judgment criticized the 
Government for using a Cer- 
tificate of National Security in 
an effort to stop appeals .to 
British courts and said such a 
document could not be used 
to stop British courts from 
reviewing Sir John's action. 

Last night Miss Beverley 
Jones, of the Equal Opportu- 
nities Commission for North- 
ern Ireland, said: “The 


• Terrorists shot dead a for- 
mer member of the security 
forces yesterday, as the six- 
month anniversary of the 
-Anglo-Irish Agreement was 
marked by loyalist protests in 
Northern Ireland. 

The republican gunmen 
struck in a busy shopping 
street in Newry, County 
Down, as Mr Herbert 
McConville, aged 60, of 
Gilford, County Armagh, a 
former sergeant in the Ulster 
Defence Regiment delivered 
meat products to a cafe. 

Law Report, page 25 



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Therert wffl goiffloTtwoo- 
a! squads wfikft -a#e t© be 
ir oi g aniz ed mto 31 -btsCfit 

fraud teams. They w&'betD 
toed offices to raveaS 

A ft Iff * * aiffi 

Mr Brnce Cross, of U ni v ersity College, Cardiff demonstrating in London yesterday the 
‘Sounder*, a solar powered car. Atilt by a tea m of engineers from the university and Inter- 
mediate Techology Power, a charity, the vehicle is setting off next month on an Athens to 
Lisboa ran to pablieize the charity (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

30 million I Rifkind rallies Scots Tories I Murdoch offer ^is 

i it ii' i MrTTr .|., i,, 

fefWif a - ,* *!, /’ i t? 

: ‘on street’ 

Every day 30 miUhm chfl- 
; dren try to surviv e on the 
maid's streets, in shanty 
towns, slams and urban night- 
mares, according to an inter- 
national report on street 
children published yesterday. 
Satire half the 

trader * ^wtth 0 SSmfflSn 
more urban AMwn than now, 
the report to the Independent 

- Commission on Intanathatal 
: Humanitarian Issues says. 

- It is the first comprehensive 
. survey of unprotected children 

on streets from New York, 
Rome, Paris to Sao Photo, 
Cairo and Calcutta, 
i In Latin America where 
> milli on* of street nrchlns are 
- :■ forced to fend for themselves, 
the total number will increase 
; to 300 million by toe year 
: 2020, it says. Of those, 30 per 
^ cent,. win be trowed in. a 

By Richard Evans to 

Mr Malcolm Rifkind, Secre- ^ 
tary of State for Scotland, »** 
yesterday began successfully 
to rebuild the shattered mo- ab 
tale of Conservative activists “I 
north of the border and said tin 
that the party must listen lis 
more dosdy to the voters who ini 
switched away from support- sai 
ing the Government vo 

Addressing the Scottish foi 
Conservative conference for to 
the first time since his promo- we 
tion to the Cabinet he did 
nothide his disappointment - 
over the local election result Jr 
last week which left the party j~ 
in opposition on all Scotland's vr 
regional authorities. rf 

In a politically realistic and fr 
often witty speech which JJ" 
dearly pleased his audience, JJjJ 
Mr Riftand said that sugges- 
tions that the Prime Minister ^ 
was the party’s problem were 1 
an “extraordinary and absurd 1 
proposition 1 *. pa 

The Government's policies - sta 
were correct and did not need coi 
a drama tie overhaul, although « wa 

the fundamental basis of the 
strategy had to be explained 


But Mr Rifkind was dear 
about the party's next move. 
“I have no hesitation in saying 
the first thing we must do is to 
listen very carefully and very 
intimately to the many thou- 
sands of our fellow Scots who 
voted Tory in 1983 but who 
for various reasons chose not 
to give us their support last 

“We must listen very care- 1 
fully, to thereasons that they 
have. Whether they are good 
reasons dr bad reasons is not 
necessarily important What is 
essential is to identify the 
concern, the anxieties that 
they have and to try and 
respond wherever possible to 
the very real view that they 
wish to put forward to us.” 

He added later that the 
party had to respond, under- 
stand and acknowledge the 
concern and disillusion which 
was hekfinoenaro quarters. • 

The Government's public 
expenditure policy had led to 
mismKkarstanding with a re- 
sulting loss of political 

“There has been a propa- 
ganda campaign which in 
some respects has been suc- 
cessful in portraying the Con- 
servative party as somehow 
indifferent to the implications 
for the social services of our 
policy on expenditure. 

“I believe we have to take 
account of the feet if many of 
our supporters have been led 
to a reeling of disillusion or 
concern that is not something 
we can pretend does not exist 

“We have to try and under- 
stand and respond and try 
very much harder than we 
have up to now to try and 
reassure them on matters of 
this kind. 'The Government's 
proper concern for controlling 
public expenditure was not 
intended to reduce the quality 
of services to the public, quite 
the»reverse: — 

not the solution’ 

By Michael McCarthy 

:* fenseof jn2firas*.?Iheae 
dtonr have mr future, no fiun- 

- ffiesi They are illiterate, have 
no work and many are aged 
under 10, some as young as 
three,” toe report’s author, 
Susanna Agnelli, said in 

Unless governments in both 
the West and developing conn- 
fries work together to help 
; these children, more geoera- 
tions of adnlts will be forced on 
to violence, she said. 

R - ’ • Street Children. A Growing 
■ Urban Tragedy, Susanna 
•rAgndC (a report for the In- 
„ dependent Commission on 

- International Humanitarian Is- 
r sues. Weidenfeld and Nicolson; 

TV coverage of miners’ 
sfnk^ ^irViniit finds 

Mr Rupert Murdoch’s offer 
of the former News Interna- 
tional printing plant in Gray's 
Inn Road, central London, 
could not form the basis of a 
settlement to the Wapping 
dispute, a print union leader 
said yesterday. 

Mr Bob Tomlins, national 
officer of the National Graphi- 
cal Association, saidibe offer 
might possibly form part of a 
settlement but it would not be 
accepted “at tbe expense of the 
members directly involved”. 

Discussions are taking place 
between Unity Trust, the 
union-backed bank, and News 
Internationa] on the 
company's offer to hand over 
the site, probably as the home 
of a Labour movement paper. 

But Mr Tomlins told the 
annual conference of the Soci- 
ety of Gvil and Public Ser- 
vants in .Blackpool:. the 

■ Labourmovement hasibhave 

‘aWrToSdHT^ S&S- 

fifces-of over 5,000 people, it is 
a paper not worth having." 

; ‘"far , 

iu-. 1 — 1 K it 

further evidence of policy 
disarray among toe print 
union leadership over tire 

They contrast strongly wito 
toe tone of remarks by Miss 
Brenda Dean, g enera l secre- 
tary of Sogat ’82, toe other 
union involved in the dispute, 
in toe current issue or toe 
•union's- magazine,' Sogat 
Journal- -- • 

Miss Dean shows her inter- 
est in taking up the offer and 
comments: “Such a publica- 
tion cannot be run by a 
committee or a TUC 
carthorse. If we go down that 
road we would have to insist 
rm n amasp i whn mungt srr ^ 
editors who edit” 

Yesterday Mr Tomlins 
sought toe support of other 
unions in. the four-month 
dispute, which sprang from 

thfc irajisfec. Qijfe Times, 

Sunday Times. Sun ana News 
cJThe W&ftt to JMJ.Mucioch'5 
new plant at .Wapping, east 
London, ^frooT Gray's Ton 
.Road and Boaverfe’Street-* 

house where she atetabed 
Mr Byron,” - . 

’ OterTh^rdtefuttotrScot- 
tish Office toe portys are all 
Scottish 'and* they 'wmddnY 
admit Tht Ito&Afeed IF it 

Television news coverage of 
toe miners' strike gave a 
generally balanced and unbi- 
ased view of toe year-long 
conflict according to a report 
released yesterday by toe 
Broadcasting Research Unit 

Where preferential or criti- 
cal treatment of the dispute 
was identified, toe news was 
more likely to favour the 
National Coal -Board than the 
National Union of 
Minewotoers, although the 
rtudy said tors was the excep- 
tion rather than toe rule. 

The conclusions were 
drawn from a 136-page report 

commissioned by toe broad- 
casting unit and conducted by 
Dr Guy Cumberbatch and Mr 
Robin McGregor of the Uni- 
versity of Aston. 

The researchers focused 
most of their attention on the 
BBC's Nine O ’Clock News and 
msrsAfcwsm Ten, but it also 
scrutinized Channel 4 News 
and • documentary' pro- 

The study said that the 
majority of toe public, which 
relies heavily on. television as 
its main source of news, 
believed the BBC and ITN 
coverage was impartial 

% LHR 

(mt wicked prices.) 

Air Canadalbr direct from London Heathrow 
(LHR) to Singjfoore (SIN) via Bombay (BOM). 

Air Canadlj|vill give you a Canadian ranch 
breakfast(Aimo^&npossible to resist and very 
naughty, if you’re Etching the weight.) Free 
drinks (tut tut). H ea n g p ts (very antisocial). . 
Blankets and piHows^well what would you 
expect). In feet Air C%da will thoroughly* 
spoilyoa ... . __ j, 

One thing, however J5r Canada do leave 
Heathrow at a decent hour, 11^0 am. The only 
morning departure to Singapore. 

ship loss 

By Rodney Cowton 
Defence Correspondent 
The Royal Navy is’ under- 
stood to have made changes to 
its electronic equipment de- 
signed to prevent a recurrence 
of a situation which led to the 
loss of the Tvpe 42 destroyer, 
,HMS Sheffield, in toe Falk- 
lands conflict in 1982. 

■ An important factor in the 
loss of tor Sheffield and the 
deaths of 20 of its crew was 
that as the Exocet attack was 
; being mounted messages were 
being transmitted on the 
ship's SCOT satellite commu- 
nications terminal. 

The equipment blotted out 
toe signal from toe Sheffield's 
1 electronic counter-measures 
: equipment, which should 
! have given warning of toe 
approach of toe missile, so was only at the last 
moment that toe Sheffield 
realized she was under atiacki 
One source said yesterday 
that there was so much e!ec r 
ironic equipment in modem 
warships that very great care 
had to be taken to avoid one 
system interfering # 

It had been realized before 
toe Falklands conflict that 
there was a danger of toe 
SCOT terminal interfering 
with the operation of the ECM 
equipment and if toe Sheffield 
had realizd it was about to be 
attacked it would not have 
been transmitting on SCOT. 

BRIoses £13m Post 
Office parcel contract 

By Bill Johnstone 
Technology Correspondent 

The Post Office has 
switched toe carriage of most 
of its parcels from rail to road 
and refused to. renew a coor 
tract worth about £.13nulliqn, 
because British Rail is too 
expensive. The failure to agree 
could place 400 railway jobs in 

According to a spokesman, 
for the Post Office:” We had 
no wish to leave British Rail 
but after talks we were too far 
apart on price” • 

British Rail offered a flmfl- 
lion reduction, but. toe Post 
Office wanted a further 25 per 
cent to £9miUion. The switch 
will take place in tbe summer. 

The talks breakdown was 
disclosed at the annual confer- 
ence in Bournemouth of 
TSSA (Transport Salaried 
Staffs. Association). He told 
delegates :“Cooperation, be- 
tween nationalized'^ Industries 
- is now- non-existent, irrespec- 
tive of cos L” : " 

. About- £1 million of- Royal 
Mail parcels will ' still be 
canted by British RaiL British 
Rafl lost a £ l Octillion contract 
at toe beginning of the year 
when management of News 
International decided to dis- 
tribute its four tides- The 
Times, The Sunday Times, 
News of the World and The 
Sun - by road from its new 
printing plant in Wapping, 
east London. 

SiWSertt fc -i'afli m T 
have any leaks here either.” 

- But of the tone ter rito rial 
departments, regional is~ a 
forbidden word wmn referring 
to Scotland, Wales and North- 
ern Ireland, the last is by for 
the grandest ff one can find iL 
The Northern Ireland Office 
used to pretend to be the 
Central Office of Statistics but 
does- not tore a door plate at 
all aow. IuconspioMMsiiess is 
regantedtos a blessing. ' 

Murder hunt 

A murder s bunt was 
launched hi Nottingham yes- 
terday after the body of ^ Twy 
Hineson.aged IS, wastfccov- 
ered by her mother attbeghfs 
home in SherboorncRow«ai 
Aspley T Nottin$&m.;Slte ted 
been stabbed. : x-i- 


Murderer clung to ear 
bonnet for a mile 

Crushing ches$ victory 

By Rnymond Keene, Chess Correspondent 

In toe first round of the 
KJeinwort Grieveson UK-US 
chess challenge British players 
crushed their opponents 3-0. 

Individual scores were: 
Cathy Hastinger (aged 12, 
England) 1. Angela Chang 
(aged 11, USA) 0; Demis 
Hassapis (aged 9, England) 1, 
Alex Chang (aged 9, USA) 0; 
Jon^Speelman (England) 1, 

Lev Alburt (USA^CL : . 

The most important game 
of the day was the win by Jon 
Speelman, British champion, 
over Lev Alburt, US 

Hay continues at the Great 
Eastern Hotel, Liverpool 
Street, until May 23, with no 
play on rest days. May 18 and 
22 .. 

A. terrified woman drove 
her car for a mile with a man 
' dinging to the bonnet. 

She was too scared to stop: 
not because of the man but 
because she bad reported her 
vehicle stolen for an insurance 
swindle, the Central Criminal 
Court heard yesterday. But. 
she did not knowthattoe man 
wasa m urderer on the ran and . 
she unwittingly helped him to' 
.escape,: - = <• % 

. She'was lafrr traced by toe 
. police and jailed for 28 -days 
For defrauding her insurance 
company. The killer. Cecil 
Croasdale, aged 21, was arrest- 
ed as a result of a fingerprint 
he left on a newspaper, Mr 
Michael Neligah, for toe pros- 
ecution, said 

Croasdale. unemployed, of 
Yule tide Cose, Harfesden, 
west London, was jailed for 
life when he was convicted of- 

murdering Mr Tai Hau,-a&ed 
63, and robbing him of £20 in 
a raumnig. 

Mr Nehgan said that three 
days after the murder Croas- 
dale stole £1 60 in a Shepherd's 
Bush shop, as he made his 
escape he stabbed Police Con- 
stable Terry Wndkt, aged 32, 
three times. He toeh l^ipton 
to the bonnet ofa paitin^.car 
and gptaway:" ’• " tj 

The Recorder pLitotiddn. 
Sir James Miskib, QG'Sot- 
tenced Croasdale to ;f3 years 
for wounding and theft, which 
he admitted. • . . .. 

Oairany DM 3JSO: Gibraltar 60p: 
Owes fir ISO: ttoUand at aSb; kWi 
Resume 40p: Rabr L. 2.700: LUMtn- 
goupa Lf 46: Msddra Esc 170: MUta 
3oc Morocco Dtr 10.00: Norway Kr 

Frame* 3-00. Tunisia Dm _ .. 
Si. 7& .Yugoslavia cun oaa. 

*» I-.' 

: : 

‘ ‘^1 ! V 
■C t I * 

’•4 > 

Aftermath of Libyaabonibiiig 

US visitors stiH down but recovery 6 on the way’ 

• BOM 

\ ■ ■ 



^ P^nrorc details contact your travel agent, or ring Air Canada direct 
nn CANADA MO- 144-RcgentStreef, -London WtOl- 759 2636. ■ 

Manchester 06 }- 23691 M.Binninghain 021 - 6 >l 3 9807 Glasgow 041 332 151 1. 


By Derek Harris 
Indnsrial Editor 

There have been 
man>'canceUatioiis by Ameri- 
cans planning to crane to 
Britain after me terrorist at- 
tacks and the Libya bombing, 
Mr Duncan Block, chairman 
offoe British Tourist Author- 
ity (BTAX admitted yesteday. 

Group traveflers, particular-' 
jy school parties,-- and erase 
traffic has been most affected. 

In the case of school groups 
and incentive travel, where a 
! trip is a reward for sales 
i people and others, toe key 
factor appears to be 
organizers' worries over legal 
liability should problems 

But Mr Blade, who is jnst 
back from an American act- 
finding tour, said he was 
encouraged that the rate of 
-canceOatiOBS was slowing. At- 
British Airways, whose trans- 
atlantic bookings from Amen* r 
can customers dropped by 

about 10 per cent after the 
Libya bombings, the rate of 
cancellations appears to be 

Bat there have been reports 
in the trade of bookings down 
immediately after toe Libya 
bombings by as modi as a 

Tbe tourist authority, whose 
London annual conference of 
: managers has been looking at 
tire American problem, is 
plan ning ■ initiatives to 

An additiomI D §!.2 million 
(£800,000) in promotion is to 
be spent in toe United States 
with cash help from the trade 
in Britain. 

A Hussion to torn- key Amer- 
ican dries is being organized. 
It w3J udnde leading person- 
alities such as a fashion 
designer, a pop mostdan, an 
author and well known Anteri- 
cans-iiring to Britain? -- 1 - — 

Mr Don - Ford, > the - 
anthority's marketing director . 
for North America, who- is 

based in New York, said: “The 
problem seems to be that some 
Americans are worried about 
getting on the aeroplanes. 

“Nobody has said Bri tain 
itself is unsafe. What hit ns 
most was the picture of a 
British bobby armed wito a 
machine gun at London 

The authority tfainiK that if 
there are no more terrorism 
rarideuts there will be a partial 
recovery in the level of book- 
ings try nod-summer and a 
return to normal by early 
autumn. The forthcoming roy- 
al wedding is expected to be a 
big influence. 

The possible effect of travel- 
shy Americans on Britain's 
£13 bflliou-a-year ’ turnover 
from tourism had tobe seen to 
perspective, Mr Block said. 

He added that about 
£65 bOliOHofthat was spend- 
ing -fry- Britons with - only t- 
qnarter of ftrb&ljon from fbr- 
eigir spendiBg Or te fruto ^ with: 
US visitors. 

But America is Britain's 
biggest single national source 
of tourism earnings and Mr 
Block said of toe cancella- 
tions: “It is a worrying situa- 
tion and we most not be 
comp l acent'*. 

It is also being argued But, 
wito no evidence that individ- 
ual travellers are cancelling in 
any onmbers, a big proportion 
of the US market amid be 
unaffected. Group travel ac- 
counts for only about IS per 
centof USrisxtora. 

• A new organization to devel- 
op a strategy for tourism in 
London over tire next -decode- - 
was laimched yesterday by tbe 
London Visitor and Conven- 
tion Bureau. 

The move cranes after such a 
strategy was called for in a 
consultants report' on Lon- 
. don’s tourist accommodation 
In tbe 1990s published yester- 
-day by -tire British Tourist - 
' Authority and *■ the En glistf 
Tcrorist BoarA. r. - •- . . . x . 

Tire new body is the Joint • 

London Tourism F orum whose 
chairman wflT be ~Mr 'JbEn 
Salisse, a forma: director of 
Matos and Spencer. 

London’s Tourist Accommoda- 
tion at the 1990 s by H orwath A 
Horwath (BTA/ETB Research. 
Thames Tower, Black's Road, 
London W69EL: £150) 

• Three executives from tbe 
Gloieagles Hotel Grroup in 
Scotland flew to America yes- 
terda y in an attempt to win 
bato business lost over fears of 

The hotel group, which 
indndes the Gleueagles hi 
Phthrire and the Cgfedo"!”" 
and North British hotels is toe 
centric of Edinburgh, lost 
£500,000 in rare week after the 
Libyan crisis. 

Mr Peter Bates, sales and 
“arketfug manager, said 
2*000 bed-nights in the incen- 
tive travel market had been 
<*neeHefc -He added:- »We 
-seed to react imabediately to 
mike sure *F r^aming^tois 
bus! ness'*. 



■'of N 


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t: «•• 

; • L ■ \ ' *■ 

<■ ' . . P *« {■ . 
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for expansion of 
forces as inadequate 

By Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 
Big increases in police man- figure of 1,200 for London 
power in London and provin- compares badly with the extra 
ciai forces are expected to be 3,000 officers requested by Sir 

Kenneth Newman, the Metro- 


. announced eariy next week by 
: Mr Douglas Hurd, the Home 
.Secretary, after -a Whitehall 

• ‘ review ofpolice strength m the 

aftermath of last year's inner 
. city troubles. 

Mr Hurd is expected to 
announce that London wifi get 
an extra 1,200 officers in a 
phased increase, extending 
over three or four years. Other 
" increases are expected to be 
announced for provincial 
. forces and it is thought the 
main beneficiaries wfiTbe the 

• big urban forces. 

The Horae Secretary will 
r announce the increases next 
. Monday, the. eve of the annual 
. conference of the PoIice.Fed- 
eration in Scarborough, where 
delegates are to debate defi- 
ciencies in police manpower. 

Later next week Mr Hurd is 
to address the conference and 
manpower problems will be 
one of the key issues he will 

Yesterday, the federation 
was suspicious of the planned 
increases and a spokesman 
pointed out that the expected 

poliian Police Commissioner, 

The spokesman said the 
London ' figure meant that 
provincial chief constables 
will also be disappointed in 
their hopes formore officers. 

Senior London officers have 
been calling for more man- 
power for more than five 
years, pointing to the de- 
mands of policing the capital. 

The present establishment 
is set at 27,165 and the actual 
manpower stands at 26,949. 
An extra 50 officers were given 
to London late last year as part 
of the increased effort in 
policing drug trafficking prob- 
lems, and there have been 
several other increases in re- 
cent years . 

Outside London, in the 
English and Welsh forces for 
which Mr Hurd is responsible, 
authorized establishments 
have risen from 90,352 offi- 
cers in 1977 to 93,564 in 1984. 
Actual strengths in that period 
have risen from 84,758 to 

The Government decision 
to review manpower came last 
autumn amid calls for greater 
police numbers, and fears that 
police resources were being 

• Mr AJastair Lynn, Chief 
Constable of Grampian and 
president of the Association of 
Chief Police Officers, told an 
international conference on 
drug trafficking yesterday that 
a heroin substitute, syntheti- 
cally produced in illicit labora- 
tories, may soon present a new 
drugs problem to Britain. Mr 
Lynn told the conference, at 
the TufiiaUan police college 
near Dunfermline, that the 
development had already hap- 
pened in the United States and 
Britain must be alive to the 
possibility of its spreading 
across the Atlantic. Because 

the synthetic drug could be 
manufactured here, it did not 
have to be smuggled into the 

A United States Embassy 
drugs officer gave a warning, 
that Britain and the rest of 
Europe were now targets for 
South America's surplus co- 
caine production. 

‘Gun planted 9 in bombs raid 

the police planted a gun on 
■ an alleged IRA bomb conspir- 
ator, Gerard McDonnel, when 
they- seized him in a raid, his 
counsel claimed at the Central 
Criminal Court yesterday. 

But Detective Sergeant 
Dennis Innes denied telling 
lies abont discovering the 
firearm lucked in the waist- 
band of Mr McDonnel's 

Sgt Inn is said he was an 
armed member of a 23-strong 
' squad of Strathclyde officers 
who arrested Mr McDonnel, 
aged 34, at a flat in Langside 
Road, Glasgow, on June 22 

- Also detained was Patrick 
Magee, aged 35, who is ac- 
cused of causing the bombing 
of the Grand Hotel in Brigh- 
ton in October, 19 84, and with 
murdering the five people who 
died there. 

Mr McDonnel, Mr Magee 
and three other people — Pe- 
ter Sherry, aged 30, Martina 
Anderson, aged 23, and Ella 

O’Dwyer, aged 26 — are ac- 
cused of conspiring to explode 
16 bombs in London and at 12 
seaside resorts in Britain last 


Sgt Ennis told the court, 
yesterday that be had gone to 
the Langside Road flat and 
immediately arrested Mr 
MagCe. He then apprehended 
Mr McDonnel and noticed 
what appeared to be the butt 
of a gun sticking out from the 
top of his trousersAided by 
Detective Inspector Ian For- 
syth, he disarmed Mr 
McDonnd. of a 9mm Brown- 
ing automatic. 

Mr Martin Thomas, QC 
counsel for Mr McDonnel, 
claimed that the gnn had 
never been in the 
defendant’spossession and 
had been produced by Insp 
Forsyth. Sgt Innes denied this 
and said he wasnot aware that 
Mr McDonneTs fingerprints 
had not been found on the 

Two days after his arrest. 

Mr McDonnel was asked to 
comment on the discovery of 
an explosive device at the 
Rubens Hotel in London, a 
discovery related to informa- 
tion contained in handwritten 
documents in the Glasgow 

He replied that the informa- 
tion should not have been 
written' on the documents and 
that it would be filed with the 
squad whose brief it was to set 
and place devices, said Sgt 
Innes. Mr McDonnel refused 
to give further details. 

At a later interview he 
allegedly said it was official 
IRA policy that a warning 
would be given prior to a 
device exploding. 

Sgt Innes denied he had 
concocted reassuring answers 
from Mr McDonnd to aQay 
fears “at the very highest 
lever about the threatened 
seaside bombing campaign. 

The hearing continues 


.■•» v 


. S ' . V-'- .. “ -T-.V - 

V J 


Mrs Virginia Bowden from 
Tooting, south London, was 
travelling on the Underground 
past Kennington station when 
she checked hear Portfolio 
Gold card yesterday. She is 
one of four winners who share 
the £8^00 prize. There was no 
winner on Tuesday. 

“The card really belongs to 
ray mother-in-law,” she said, 
“mad I will obviously be shar- 
ing the prize money with her.” 
Mr Robert Cracknell, a 
masseur at Greyshot Hall 
health farm in Surrey;. :was 
“pleasantly surprised to 
the least" to discover his ; 

He had just finished reading 
Mandarin's rating selections 
on the sports pages before he 
realized that a trip to the 
bookmaker would be unneces- 

Mr Frank Murray, a professional steeple- 
jack, who has started work to put 
Arbroath, in Taysule, out of its misery 
from seagulls that have taken over the 
rooftops of the town (Ronald Faux writes). 
He is tboaght to be Scotland's first official 
seagull-remover, a job he woo, be said, 
because of his head for Knights and a 
willingness to tackle tasks in which no one 
else was interested. 

“The birds have become a real menace. 
Kids in the street have their lollipops 

ripped out of their grasp by diving seagoDs. 
They wake np visitors in the town at four in 
the morning with their din hot worst of all 
is the mess they make," he said. 

Local residents complain about having to 

rewash their washing, motorists object to 

of their 

stains that eat into the paintwork 
cars. Pedestrians have also suffered. The 
problem has been worsening over toe past 
30 years when galls were attracted from 
dim near toe coastal town by easy feeding 
from a fish-processing works. The works 

went but the gulls remained, becoming 
urbanized over toe years. Some have been 
seen eating mice. 

The aim now is to encourage a retain to 
their proper nesting sites on the cliffs. The 
operation, organized by Angus District 
Council, coold take up to fonr years. 
“There are more than 100 nests, many 
perched in some pretty precarious places", 
Mr Murray said, “The birds are bonad to 
object to me knocking their nests about" 
(Photograph: Stuart Nicol) 

filly Msgs 


A horse with no name 
became a £5,000 winner for 
her owner Mr James Adams 
in the High Conrt yesterday 
without ever naming a race. 

As a bonus Mr Adams 
keeps the £3J)00 filly which 
was at the centre of a court 
battle over her parentage. 

Mr Adams of Danas Hall, 
POnteland, Newcastle upon 
Tyne, bought the yearling at a 
sale -held by TattersaOs, the 
bloodstock auctioneers, in 
Newmarket in October 1982; - 
The sales catalogue de- 
scribed the horse as a bay 
foaled in May 1981 by Silly 
Season out of EdzelL 
But in February 1983 he 
discovered- that the filly had 
really bean bred by another 
horse Record Run out of 
Mazurka and tried to rescind 
the contract with Mr Brian 
Sbovebon, the former owner. 

Mr Shovefton, aged 44, of 
Findlay Street, Leigh, Lanca- 
shire, admitted that the horse 
did not correspond with the 
description but alleged that a 
Mr R. Rowbottom, who kept 
the horse at his stud in Musky 
Bank, Milton, North York- 
shire, had made the switch. 

Mr William Morris, for the 
plaintiff, told Mr Justice 
Caulfield that Mr Shovelton 
ami Mr Rowbottom, who both 
denied negligence, had agreed 
to pay Mr Adams £2300 each. 

Bail for doctor 

A doctor aged 49, accused of 
raping a girl, aged eight, was 
remanded on £30,000 bail for 
seven weeks when he ap- 
peared before magistrates at 
Braintree, Essex, yesterday. 

Social worker in 

V *«U« Vbll'.* 

the “evil trade” in young-male 
prostitution centred at Picca- 
dilly Circus in London had to 
be stopped. 

Judge Hazan, QC, said at 
the' Central Criminal Court: 
“It should be obvious to 
everybody that no civilized 
society can accept such a 

The judge spoke out when 
he jailed Abraham Jacob, aged 
45, a social worker for Isling- 
ton council for four years for 
-helping to organize a vice ring 

40 urcn arresfeff m a police 
operation codenamed Circus, 
which lasted five, months and 
involved 100 officers. More 
than 250 young people were 
interviewed in connection 
with the vice racket 
Jacob was seen to take 
money from rent boys and 
their clients. He made 
“introductions" and was pho- 
tographed by police officers, 
who saw him collect up to £40 

using boys and youths. 
Jacob, of Holland 


Holloway, a former school- 
master and trainee priest was 
convicted ofliving off immor- 
al earnings of male prostitutes 
known as “rent boys". 

The court was told that 
Jacob, whose soda! work was 
with the elderly, was among 

zan said Jacob and several 
other men previously jailed 
acted as “ponos" and helped 
to advertise Piccadilly Circus 
as a “pick up point". 

The judge described Jacob 
as a menace and said he had 
helped in the “degradation 
and dehumanization" of 
young people from broken 

Man in £27,000 fraud 
had 29 false identities 

-A couple who used a string 
of false identities to swindle 
more than £27,000 from the 
Department of Health and 
Social Security were given jail 
sentences yesterday. 

Akin Snebanjo, aged 30,. 
who lived in a squat in 
Brixton, south London, used 
29 false identities to collect 
more than £17,000 in 18 
months by identifying himself 
with genuine birth certificates 
and rent books to claim 
housing benefits. 

He was jailed for 30 months 
on each of eight specimen 
counts of obtaining money by 
deception between May 1983 
and October 1985. The sen- 

tences will run concurrently. 
He denied the charges. 

His wife, Aderonke, aged 
23, who fraudulently obtained 
£10,500, admitted one speci- 
men count and asked for a 
further 124 offences to be 
taken into account She was 
given a nine months jail 
sentence suspended for two 

Documents found in 
Shebanjo’s car included ten 
birth certificates, nine rent 
books, 14 UB40 benefit forms, 
and passports and pension 
bodes, the court was told. 

The judge ordered the cou- 
ple to pay £1,500 in compen- 
sation to the DHSS. 

top marks 

By Mark Dowd 

A silvery soprano voice is 
Ekdy to be accompanied by 
redoubtable intellectual acu- 
men, according to a survey 
published yesterday by the 
Choir Schools’ Association 
Mr Christopher Martin, 

H eadmas ter at Bristol Cathe- 
dral School, has traced the 
educational footsteps of 135 
choristers who left choir 
schools in 1979. His findings, 
based on questionnaires com- 
pleted by 32 of the 38 schools, 
reveal that the choristers se- 
emed an average of 7.7 “O’ 
level passes and 2^t ‘A’ level 

Reflecting on the figures, 
Mr Martin said of the emer- 
gent Renaissance men: “There 
was any better or worse than 
any otter year. These 'statis- 
tics demonstrate dearly' tint 
pupils at chw schools receive 
a good alTromul education. ft 
never ceases me to amaze me 
how much they pack into each 

Meanwhile, Mr Gerald 
Peacocke, the chairman of the 
Choir Schools’ Association, 
yesterday attacked the Labour 
Party over its “dismissive and 
blinkered” attitude towards 
choir schools. 

He was speaking at the 
association's annual general 
meeting at King’s College, 
Cambridge, after the publica- 
tion last week of the Labour 
Party's plans for abolishing 
fee-paying schools. 

“To dismantle oor schools is 
to imperil yet another noble 
strain of this nation's life", he 
said. The unique tradition and 
education offered by the choir 
schools was something to 
which the Latov Party must 
address itself. 

“The choir schools’ roots Be 
deep - is it really Mr Radke's 
(Opposition spokesman on 
education) wish to abuse his 
name by uprooting ns all?" he 


forts to alert young girls about 
such hazards than they have in 
public education about tobac- 
co, alcohol and drug-taking. 
Lord - Halsbury, FRS. presi- 
dent of the National Council 
for Christian Standards in 
Society said. 

“The medical risks of eariy 
sex have been played down. 
While discussed at medical 
meetings ttey are not aired in 
public," be said at the launch 
in Lo.ndoa of The Pill and Sex: 
yRisks ta Health and i^ertUily, a 
leaflet published By the Medi- 
cal Education Trust 

Price cuts on 
Dutch air link 

Sharp cuts in air fares 
between London and Amster- 
dam are to be introduced next 
month by British Midland, the 
independent airline that 
clipped British Airways’ wings 
on domestic shuttle routes. 
Their £39 late-saver, one-way 
fere compares with a mini- 
mum £69 by the state airlines, 
British Airways and KLM; the 
£69 one-way dub class com- 
pares with £8 1 ; and a £ 1 1 9 day 
return compares with £162. 

Dangers of early 
sex ‘played down 9 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Young people are increas- 
ingly being deceived about the 
harmful effects of early sexual 
activity and some sex educa- 
tionists are “morally vicious", 
leaders of organizations criti- 
cal of free contraception said 

The Department of Health 
and Social Security, the 
.Health Education Council and 
the medical establishment in 
leral have made fewer ef- 

The two recently formed 
organizations particularly re- 
flect the views of parents who 
are concerned about sex edu- 
cation in schools, including 
advice to girls about oral 

Professor Richard Taylor, a 
gynaecologist, said: “Sexually 
transmitted infections are pro- 
ducing more long-term dam- 
age in the sense of chronic ill 
health, sterility and tubal 
pregnanicies than ever before 
in spile of more potent 

“Early sexual activity and 
an increasing number of sexu- 
al partners are undoubtedly 
important in the rising inci- 
dence of cervical cancer in 
younger women." 

Lard Halsbury told a news 
conference held in the House 
-of Lords: ’^Encouraging the 
young to be sexually free and 
easy when they are not able to 
cope with the consequences is* 
incompatible' noth '‘Christian 

Policy on 

By George Hill 

Farmers' interests was given 
more consideration than pub- 
lic safety in clearing pesticides 
for use, Mr Andrew Lees, of 
Friends of the Earth, told MPs 

Referring to evidence that 
conditional clearance for the 
pesticide Fazor had been giv- 
en in spite of unresolved 
questions about its effects, Mr 
Lees said that the approach 
was pragmatic but unsound. 

“When dealing with a po- 
tentially life-saving drug, you 
have to balance risks against 
possible benefits: but with 
pesticides, when only com- 
mercial advantage is involved, 
that need is not commensu- 
rate. vrith .potential, .safety 
■risks." Mr > -‘Lees: , -told>‘--the 
Commons Agriculture 
Committee. " «r*-*nr • 

Mr Lees also criticized the 
practice of allowing approval? J, 
"ctf^pe^icides'to steid*fer 16 
years,' wi thdurpu bficaSbn of 
the data 


Meanwhile, Mr David 
Jones from Bangor in Gwyn- 
edd, had every good reason to 
be pleased with his snccesss. 

‘ “The prize money will be a 
welcome contribution to the 
bill at my- daughter’s 
wedding," be-said. His daneh- 
tec.MMia.wiU he raairiedin 
three months. ■ 

The fourth winner was Mr 
Besekacndn Mesfin, a post- 
graduate student at Strath- 
clyde University. 

Yon will need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play the 
game. If yon have any difficul- 
ties obtaining one from your 
newsagent, sand an s^e. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

POBov 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Mrs .Vii^jnla Bowden, a 
winner on the Underground. 
Mr Robert CrackneR, happy 
oot to visit the bookmaker. 

■ - v 

Jt . 4 

Labour pledges action 
on a family courts plan 

By Frances Gibb, Legal Affairs Correspondent 
Hie Labour Party would on the Lord Chancellor's dis- 

seek to bring forward legisla- 
tion on a family court in the 
next session of Parliament, Mr 
Nick Brown, the Junior Oppo- 
sition spokesman on legal 
affairs, said yesterday. 

The issue would not be left 
to languish; such legislation 
would be a priority, be told a 
conference in London orga- 
nized by the family courts 

Although the Labour Party 
had no “one blueprint" for a 
family court, it was pledged to 
setting one up and it expected 
that to do so would cost 

“Those who look at the 
family court idea as a way of 
saving money are completely 
wrong," be said in reference to 
proposals from the Law Soci- 
ety which are said to redistrib- 
ute present costs rather than 
increase them. 

Setting up a family court 
could not be “botched up", 
with some sort of “half way 
house" merging the jurisdic- 
tions of the High Court and 
county court and leaving out 
the magistrates’ courts. 

“If we want to set up a 
family court, we are going to 
have to pay for it,” he said. 
“The benefits far outweigh the 
extra burden that it's going to 
place on the taxpayer." 

Mr Brown was commenting 

cussion paper issued on Tues- 
day which sets out three 
possible models for a family 
court and invites comments. 

At least the idea was being 
looked at, he said. 

But Mr Robin McClellan, 
Social Democratic Party 
member for Caithness, at- 
tacked the paper as “pro- 
foundly disappointing,". There 
was a danger that it could 
encourage a “minimalist 
approach" which already had 
powerful supporters such as 
The Times, who would advo- 
cate changing very little. 

More than 1 00 MPS from all 
political parties have now put 
their names to a motion in 
support of a family court 
tabled by Mr Leo Abse, MP 
for Torfaen. 

In the wake of the publica- 
tion of the Government’s 
discussion paper, MPs and 
peers are now to seek a debate 
in both bouses as a matter of 

Baroness Faithful!, chair- 
man of the all-party parlia- 
mentary group for children 
and a leading member of the 
family courts campaign, said 
yesterday she would be seek- 
ing a debate in the Lords. She 
said it was important to 
achieve a concensus on how a 
family court should be set up 
and to “gel it right”. 

Micro oven warning 
on feeding bottles 

The increasing popularity of 
microwave ovens will result in 
more and more injuries be- 
cause many housewives. and 
other users do not understand 
how to use them, bums spe- 
cialists warn in The Lancet 

The most frequent cause of 
injuries is scalding of babies, 
when mothers use Lhe ovens to 
heat infants' milk feeding 
bottles, according to doctors at 
a bums unit for children in 
Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Other injuries among chil- 
dren and adults are caused by 
exploding eggs, steam, contact 
with hot items, and exposure 
to microwaves when the ov- 
ens do not shut off when the 
doors are opened. 

“The underlying cause of 
such injuries seems to be that 
oven users do not understand 
that microwaves heat in a way 
completely different from 

By Our Science Correspondent 

appliances," Dr Matthew 
Maley says in the journal. 

.* • -“This results in actions 
which would probably not' be 
considered by someone using 
an ordinary cooker.- ' Haste, 
and an attitude that micro- 
wave ovens are safer, likewise 
results in injury. ’* 

The scalds suffered by ba- 
bies are significant 
because American feeding bot- 
tle manufacturers caution 
against healing the bottles in 
the ovens. Dr. Maley says. 
“We have found that many 
parents are aware of the 
warning, but continue to heat 
bottles in this way despite the 

The Cincinnati bums unit is 
contacting makers of the ov- 
ens and of baby bottles to 
sugg e st specific warnings and 
instructions that should be 
included with the products. 

£210,000 set for bail 

Four men from Kent, 
charged after $800,000 in 
foiged US notes was seized in 
Hyde Park, were freed yester- 
day at Horseferry Magistrates’ 
Court, central London, on bail 
totalling £210,000 for trial, at 
lhe Central Criminal Court. 

They are charged with con- 
spiring to contravene the 

Forgery and Counterfeiting 
Act 1981. A fifth man, Joseph 
Poller, aged 36. a driver, of 
Stirling Drive, Orpington, 
Kent, was cleared. 

Senl for trial were: Bruce Gardner, 
awl '41. an exporter, of Hal told e. 
asMSfWM. omlnstoiu Edwin Webta. 
— 33. a saleanan. of Durrani Wa 

Fa m borough; George Bishop, 
nuloycd. of. Lower Grav 


Bromley: and John Common, aged 03. 
. ■ — ■ ■ Cres- 

unem ployed, of Oianiherlaln 
cent. West Wickham. 








TELEPHONE: 01-409 1951. BIRMINGHAM: 021-632 5931. 
MANCHESTER: 061-832 9677/8. 6LASG0W: 041-248 6381. 

OR KEY PRE5TEL 223913. 

EiN I F r A‘ L'C"©, N IS: E RiVil :<B*L 















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I in 


















The economy 

Wartime r eca lled 


Cominmng high unit labour 

costs were the major weakness 
In the British economy at 
present and it was the job of 
management to get a grip upon 
them, Mr Nigel Lawson, Chan- 
cellor or the Exchequer, said hi 
the Commons. 

. That had a bearing, he said, 
on the fact that real interest 
rates -in the United -Kingdom 
remained slightly higher than 
those 'In the' United States, 
Japan, France and West 

Mr Lawson declared that the 
labour cost per unit of output 
was pricing people oat of work. 

After recalling that base rates 
had fallen by 2 per cent since the 
Budget on March 18, he told Dr 
Oonagh McDonald, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on Treasury 
matters, he could well under- 

stand that a Labour Government 
would get real interest rates 
down - by getting inflation 
going right through tne root 
Earlier, Mr Lawson had told 
Mr Andrew Stewart (Sherwood, 
C) that if Labour implemented 
their plans for as extra £24 
biltion worth of pnblic expen- 
diture, the country would hare 
substantially increased taxa tion , 
a possible 41 percent VA T rate, 
excessive borrowing, interest 
-rates very much higher ftai. 
they were at present, and pos- 
sibly, before tong, the economy 
would be hi the -hands of the 
International Monetary Fund. 
Mr Richard Ottaway (Notting- 
ham North, C) said a surrey 
carried ont in his area showed 
that businessmen's biggest 

worry was high interest rates. 
With Britain's inflation rate 

hopefully following West 
Germany's down to aero, 
thereby making real interest 
rates ray high, would Mr 

Lawson alleviate businessmen s 
fears by getting interest rates 
down as soon as possible? 

Mr Lawson said it was im- 
portant to get the nation's 
Interest rates down as soon as it 
was prudent to do so. 

The redactions since the Bud- 
get had been accompanied by a 
1.75 per cent art in the mortgage 
rate, doe to take effect next 

Mr Jeremy Hayes (Harlow, Q: 
Now that cabinet Government 
has been restored -(Labour 
laughter) - and we hare a 
balanced ticket, and the winds of 
change are blowing through the 
Treasury, would Mr Lawson 
accept that any relaxation of the 
mles regarding the spending of 
capital receipts by local authori- 
ties from council boose sates will 
not sigutificantiy affect interest 

Mr Lawson: I think Mr Hayes is 
wrong. It coaid hare an effect on 
interest rates. 

I am glad, however, .that be 
appears CO be folly concent with 
the present state of affairs. 

Mr David Penhafigou (Truro, 
L): When does the Chancellor Of 
the Exchequer expect interest 
rates here to be as ranch below 

Mr Lawson: The 
between interest rates here ; 

the bet that labour caste per 
arit of output are rising faster 
here than they are among oar 
major competitors. 

announcement of 3300 job 

losses iu shipbtukfing? . 

Mr Lawson: This Is aH part of 
the same problem. The labour 

cost per unit of output is pricing 
workers oat of jobs, because we 
are not as competitive as we 
should be compared with oar 
rivals overseas. 

Dr McDonald: By how much 
will bank interest rates here 
hare to be cat so that they match 
real interest rates prevailing la. 
America, Japan, Trance and 
Germany, . our 'main 

Mr John Evans (St Helens 
North, Lab): If interest ra tes are 
going down so well and everr- 
th -g in the garden i$ apparently 
so wonderfel, why is nnem pjoy - 
ment coatfandng to rise, inand- 
ine this week 1,000 job cots by 
Kodak, 1,000 by British Caledo- 
nian and the appalling 

Mr Lawson: U is tree that real 
interest rates here are — and it is 
difficult tn get an accurate 
measure — s&gfetiy higher than 
they are in most other mujot- 
conntries. However, I can well 
understand Ont a Labour Gov- 
ernment would get real interest 
rates down considerably, by 
inflation: going right 

must go 
down more 


The Cabinet was wiled on the 
importance of getting inflation 
down and getting it down 
further. Mr Nigel Lawson. 
Chancellor of the Exchdquer, 
commented to loud Labour 
laughter in the Commons. 

* There was no benefit to this 
country, he said, in inflation 
going up. Low inflation was of 
the greatest importance for 
those seeking jobs. 

-He confirmed that over the 12 
months to March, 198 6, the 
retail prices index increased by 
4.2 per cent, and added that he 
expected the next day's figure on 
the current level of inflation to 
be substantia fly better. 

Mr Andrew Mac Kay (East Berk- 
shire, C These exciting pros- 
pects could all be put in 
jeopardy if employers in the 
private sector were to continue 
to concede irresponsible and 
inflationary wage settlements 
with consequent effects on unit 
labour costs, the efficiency of 
British .industry and job 

Mr Lawson: He is. right in 
ta iking about the dangers from 
excessive increases m. labour 
costs. The consequence there 
would be felt not so much on 
inflation as on employment and 
jobs. Thai is the problem at 


There is another and much 

greater threat to inflation. That 
would be if by any mischance 
either of the Opposition parties 
were to gain office. 

Mr Joe Ashton (Basset! aw, 
Labh When he set out on his 
policy to reduce inflation to this 
level did he- -know it would 
■'tfreare' nrierrlplbymem of nearly 

Mr Lawson: Rising inflation is 
bad for jobs. The inflation 
record of this Government is 
something of which the nation 
can be proud. 

Mr Robert Jones (West 
Hertfordshire. C): Inflation is 
not a disease whose cure means 
that one can forget about iL 
Mr Lawson: He is right The 
achievement of this Govern- 
ment in getting inflation down 
as ter as we have, and it is going 
down further, is something 
which no one should take for 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall 
North. Labh Despite all the 
boasting about inflation rates 
the electorate at every opportu- 
nity since the Budget have 
decisively rejected policies 
which they know mean continu- 
ing mass unemployment and 
cutbacks in housing and 

Not only are the public not 
convinced but also Cabinet 
colleagues of the Chancellor, 
like the Leader of the House ( Mr 
Biflen) who on television on 
Sunday made it dear that there 
must be alternative policies to 
those pursued by the Prime 
Minister and Mr Lawson. 

At this, Mr Lawson made the 
point that the cabinet was 
united on. getting inflation 

.Parliament today 

Commons (9.30k Debate on 
inner cities. 

Lords (II): Draft Hong Kong 
(British Nationality) Order and 
Opposition motion that order 
should be withdrawn. 

Wartime comment recalled 

in dash over reporting 


“Speak for England", the war- 
time interruption which echoed 
round the world though it went 
unrecorded in Hansard, was 
praved in aid in the Commons 
as MPs argued whether remarks 
made from a sedentary position 
should be entered in the Official 
Report. _ .. 

Mr Tony Born (Chesterfield, 
Lab), raising the matter on a 
point of order, said he under- 
stood that instructions had been 
given that an interruption on 
Wednesday by his colleague. Mr 
Dennis Skinner (Bolsover). dur- 
ing a ministerial statement 
should be removed from the 

merits it affected the integrity of 
the House. - 

The Speaker. Mr Bernard 
WeathenlL maintained he was 
following - long-standing prac- 
tice. Sedentary comments were 
not reported unless they were 
taken up either by the MP who 
had the floor or by the Chair. 
Mr Bean and Mr Fairids contin- 
ued to press the matter until the 
argument was joined by Mr 
Julian Amery (Brighton, Pavil- 
ion. C) who reminded the House 

MPs on all sides of the House 
occasionally made comments 
white sitting listening to another 
speaker, explained Mr Benn. 
and sometimes the minister or 
MP thus interrupted would 
make reference to them. 

Not only did such interrup- 
tions contribute to the flavour of 

from a sedentary position, and I 
think it is recorded. 

Mr Benn: Mr Amery cites a very 
famous example where a com- 
ment made from a sedentary 
position became an histone 
phrase quoted around the world. 
With great respect, I am not 
asking that the practice be 
Ranged, but that the practice 
remain unchanged. 

Sir John Biggs-Darisoa (Epping 
Forest. C) then used the "Speak 
for England" comment in sup- 
port of the Speaker's ruling and 
told the House:. If you refer to 
the official record of that day in 
1939 you will not find it. 

Those words (he said) went 

round the world by virtue of the 
newspaper, but because they 

were uttered from a sedentary 
position, they were not reported 
in Hansard. 

The Speaker That is perhaps a 
fact. I think that sedentary 
comments which add to the 
flavour of a debate are one 

tiling. Sedentary comments 

the House, but anyone listening 

to the sound archives 

hear sedentary comments and 
yet not see them in Hansard. 
Mr Benn. supported by Mr 
Andrew Faulds (Warley 
East-Lab), who admitted to the 
occasional sedentary interrup- 
tion. argued that if the Speaker 
or the Clerk of the House gave 
instructions to remove com- 

Amery: My father spoke from 
a sedentary poritioo 
of the famous interruption 
made by his father, the Conser- 
vative Mr Leo Amery. 

Mr Amery said: Loath aslam to 
come to the support of Mr Benn. 
filial piety obliges me to say that 
when ray father in 1939 said 
"Speak for England" in Arthur 
Greenwood's speech, he did it 

which are designed to interrupt 
someone else who is on his feet 
are not really adding to the 

• It was on Saturday. September 
2 1939, the day before Britain 
declared war on Germany, that 
Mr Leo Amery interrupted Mr 
Arthur Greenwood, deputy 

leader of the Labour Party, to 
rk. when 

make his famous remark. — 
Mr Greenwood told the House 
he was speaking on behalf of his 
party, Mr Amery called out 
“Speak for England. Arthurf" 

Clarke defends Wages Bill aim 


In. wondering where the new 
realism of the Labour Party was,- 

danse was another to give 
similar protection to young 
disabled workers. 

Ms Short said the wages coun- 
cils had been supported by all 
political parties wishing to pro- 

illegal to offer them a lower 
wage. Denying them job 
opportunities was no protection 
at alL . • , 

" The raw clause vcas all partof 
the Labour Party's campaign 

General and chief Government 
spokesman in the Commons on 
employment, said that the La- 
bour Party had launched a 
campaign for higher wages 
regardless of the Impact on 
employment opportunities, 
particularly for young people. 

from ever worsening pay rates. 
The Government now was 
determined to change the little 
protection that these workers 

He was replying to Ms Clare 
Short an Opposition spokes- 

man on employment who de- 
clared it was immoral, 
outrageous and sickening that 
the Government should be 
attacking the poorest workers in 

When the Commons resumed 
the report stage of the Wages 
Bill, she moved a new clause to 
ensure that employers would 
pay workers under 21 at least 70 
per cent of the minimum rate 
laid down in wages council 
orders. Considered with the new 

The Government said it was 
necessary to cut the pay of these 
poorest workers to create jobs. 
This was untrue. If everyone 
look a pay cut there would be 
even more unemployment, fur- 
ther deflation of the economy. 

Mr Clarke said the Government 
wanted to enable the young 
worker to take a wage more 
likely to induce an employer to 
offer him his first step in the 
labour market. 

Labour wanted a 16-year-old 
school leaver to get 70 per cent 
of the adult wage. That would 
make young workers extremely 
unattractive and h would be 

higher pay for the young, in- 
experienced and unskilled. It 
bad said 8 million people weKpj 
on “poverty" wages and Ifiat-- 
was one third of the entire 
workforce. If all those people 
were to get higher pay, what 
would happen to the rest of the 

Higher unh wage costs repre- 
sented a major threat to the 
continued growth in employ- 
ment. Labour’s policy would 
not protea the low paid or the 
young or anybody else. It would 
drive up unemployment 

Higher pay was plainly de- 
sirable for most people but it 
must come from better 

The new clause was rejected 
by 254 votes to 168 — Govern- 
ment majority, 86. 

Tuesday debate on ‘Times’ case 


There were cheers in the Com- 
mons when Mr Dak Campbell- 
Sa tours (Workington, Lab) said 
that someone on the environ- 
ment select co mmi ttee had lied 
and in doing so had dropped a 
journalist in die cart 
- He was questioning Mr John 
Biffed, the Leader of the 
House, who told him that the 
point he raised could be 
brought op next Tuesday, in 
the debate on the committee’s 
recommendations (that Mr 
Richard Evans. Lobby Reporter 

of The Times shook) be barred 
from Westminster for 
publishing a report of the 
committee's work before it bad 
been officially released.) 

Earlier, Mr Terence Higgins 
(Worthing, C) asked Mr Biffen 
to urge MPs to read the fall 
report and evidence before 
reaching a condnaon. so that 
the debate would not be 
inaccurate and misleading. 

Media coverage of the matter 
had been less than balanced. 
MPs had received a letter from 
the parliamentary lobby 
journalists which referred to 
the teak of the select committee 
report when, in fact, the 

document leaked had been the 
chairman's draft report. 

Mr Biflen said Mr Higgins 
made a pertinent commentary. 
Mr David Hams (St Ives, Q. a 
former political journalist, 
asked for an assurance, given 
the importance of dm mattes- to 
journalists and MPs, that the 
debate would be held at a 
reasonable time, say 10pm, and 
that there would 1 be plenty of 
time to deal with ft. 

Mr Biflen said that was 
perfectly fair. He hoped the 
length of time for debate would 
be broadly similar to that takro 
when The Economist issue was 

Share sale 


The Government is exploring 
the possibility of introdudng 

restrictions on the sale of shares 

B^^^pwteAndu^y, the 
Earl of Caithness, Under Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
said during tie committee stage 
in the House of Lords of the 
Airports BilL 

. He was reptymg to concern 
expressed from ' all sides of the 
Honseihatsaccesso r co mp anies 
could be taken over by -airlines 
who maid seek to ran airports 
to their own advant age, o r by 
foreign interests who would run 
them down to boost business in 
their own countries. 

The Government was well 
aware of these concerns, the 
Earl of Caithness said, and was 
currently holding discussions to 
meet the point. 

If we dedde to introdnee 
restrictions (he said) they would 
be written into the articles of 
association of the BAA succes- 
sor companies,- possibly 
accompanied by a golden share, 
an effective mechanism .used in 
other pr i v a tiz at ions and ac- 
cepted and understood by 
Investors. - - • 

— He gave 'an undertaking to 
make a statement on the out- 
come of the Government's delib- 
erations before the report stage 
of the BH1 so peers would be aUe 
to debate it folly. 

Lord Underhill (Lab) said 
that in view of that assurance be 
would not press Opposition 
amendments aimed at providing 
such safeguards. 


Regulations covering the 

■House- of -Lo w were - passed 
without comment after Viscomit 
WhiteUw, Lord President of the 
Council and Leader of the 
House, explained that the cri- 
teria largely followed those set 
for sound broadcasting of the 
House in 1977. 

• Among the rules is a ban on 
any television pictures from the 
House being supplied for light 
entertainment programmes or 
programmes designed as politi- 
cal satire. This ban also applies 
to film, tape and video cassettes. 

Family courts 

Thursday's leading article . in 
The Times about ramil. 

roily courts 
was as arid and legalistic as the 
consultation paper on the sub- 
ject issued this week by the Lord 
Chancellor’s Department, Mr 
Leo Ahse (Torfaen, Lab) said 
during business questions 

Next week 

The main b usi ness m Uw Commons 

next week will be 

Momlw: Social Security. Bln. urogra m 



second resfl 

3SS in- 

security BUL comul*- 

— -ui* on 



remaining stages 

rKonunandbig bannin g, a. reporter 
from The Times from the 

. AM CScotland) WB. 
Debate on uw stnu- 

Moate on the Bin 
Hiding Industry 
DUert nrina lk m 0 


m Bm Houaa of 

The bwh 

IS&kCm esh, co mmi ttee. fourtb 

Education BHL report. 

' the water 

Airports BflL c ntnml Brai 

Prime Minister 

rejects scrap and 
build programme 


The Government was doing its 
level best to get more orders for 
the : shipbuildings industry, but 
there was a world shortage of 
ordersaod sorpdus tannage of 40. 
million toraics^Mre/Marearet 
Thatcher, the Prime Minister, 
said during Commons questions . 
when Mrnefl Kbtnock, Leader' 
of the Opjx^tioo, . and. MPs 
from both skies drew attention 
to the serious decline in the 
merchant -Beet and - the un- 
employment figures just 

She rejected a call from Mr 
Kinnock for a. polin' of scrap 
and build and said Britain tad 
to follow other co untri es which 
had not shored up older in- 
dustries btt had embraced new 

Mr Barry Sfceeraam (Hudders- 

field, Lab) - sakL Given the 
fUrther relentless rise in the 

industries wtrfcfc have become 

her economic victims? - 
Mrs Thatcher. There arc very 
few shipbuilding ortteis sb@st in 
the world and many other 
countries have had to close their 
shim^KisL ^'nie .Swedesr hare 
effectively abandoned merchant 
shipbuilding, the Dutchrcfuscd 

to support their industry *o 
supply a sister ship to the North 
. Sea fary; which went tb Govan, 
Japan is adjusting to a shortage 

of orders, the Gennans have cor 

capacity by a half and the 
French have afeo cut capacity: . 

There arc so many subsidies 
around that there are surplus 
ships to the tune of 40 orifiiqn 
Twin**, so there is no point ih 
scrap mid. build. There are 
already too many ships. 

Mr Ktonocte ln Japan un- 
employment is 2.6 per cent; m 
Sweden X8 per cent; and m the 
other' countries: she. mentioned 
the unaopfoymew rate^ lower 

unemployment figures' an- 
nounced today and the depress- 
ing long-term trend, and the 
announcement of 3.500 jobs lost 

(has in 'Britain, where : it Js 
nearly 14 per cent; and much 
lower than life level of nearly IS 
per cent in the northern region 
of this country. 

Different circumstances re- 
quire different responses. Why 
will she ran ins! look, in 

sustain for 


maritime nation 

a viable mercham shipbnil diqg 

industry, at the option of soap 
and build and of bringi 

bringing for— 

sector orders for 

f>lUflhan-_ Bring forward 
naval programme 
in British Shipbuilders yes- 
terday, and 1,000 in British 
Caledonian today, will the 
Prime Minister now announce 
that she is reverting the disas- 
trous economic policies that she 
has pursued for seven years or 
call a general election so Labour 
can create genuine jobs? 

Mrs Thatcher No. I did not 
notice Labour did particularly 
well at the last election. On jobs, 
the labour force survey con- 
firmed the overall increase in 
the number of jobs in die last, 
three yearsiobeonemiIlioii.On 
shipb uilding , I am the first to 
say .we do need more ship 
orders, but there are very few 
about in the world. We have 
taken a number of measures 
which will help with unemploy- 
ment in those areas and set up 
an enterprise company through 
British Shipbuflders. 

Sir Edward du Cana (Taunton, 
Ck Has she noted the deep 
anxiety with which on all sides 
the announcement about die 
decline in British shipbuilding 
capacity ugs. greeted yesterday? 

ward _ 
shipbui — . 

Mrs Thatcher: There -are al- 
ready merchant shipbuilding 
yards which .1 hope will con- 
tinue. We are trying our level 
best to get more . enters* in 

partiadifrfcffStnKteriand. : 

■ On unempfoyment, in; ihosej 
countries they have not at- 
tempted to shore up older 
industries. They are 

embracing new 

that is what we musr do. 

Mr James Callaghan (Cardiff 
South and Penarth. Lab): 
When, she quotes countries Hoe 
Sweden and Germany it shows, 
she does not yet. understand 

there is a strategic necessity for 
maintaining a maritime 
presence in -this country: 

If she is looking for. orders, 
why nix bring forward the 
naval propamine, especially 
for the large number ofooastal 
vessels, oiL -- rig protection 

stops and others 

r c qui rcd by the Royal Navy to 
overcome. ^ the. cyclical 
efficiencies? " 

If she does not do so, nobody 
will befeve-the Government is 
using its maximum effort to 
preserve this strategic industry. 
Mrs Thatcher: There is still 
marine shipbuildibg capacity in 
this country. The surplus 

tonnage of ships is already of 
the order of 40 million 

_ tonnes 

and there is little point in 
totaling more when we have 
that surplus. 

Regarding nOvaT strips, we 
.tove . brou^i&rwsjdpne .oil 
The 'AOR~ fleer "in order to bdp 

constructive proposals that have 
been put ■ forward . for the 
development^ of- polici es - -j o 

■Swm r Hamer mth hm a rw 

Irilisb merchant fleet, national, 
European and international, 
upon which the health of all the 
marine industries depends. 

1 beg her to bear in mind that 
decline in the British merchant 
fleet and in our shipbuilding 
capacity is a most serious matter 
from the point of view of the 
.economy and the point of view 
of defence. It could be changed 
and it should be. (Labour 

Mrs Thatcher. The. future of 
British Shipbuilders does de- 
pend on Sooess ra.winnmg. new. 
orders: Wearer taking a number 
of measures, particularly with 
regard to soft credit; to ensure' 
we can compete on an equal 
basis with other people. 

There is a tremendous num- 
ber of surplus ships in the world 
— 40 million tonnes — whereas 
world capacity to build is 18. 
million tonnes. 

Mr Kinnock: Ui 
at 33 million on 
showing the. 
manufacturing joi 
years. In the " 
the light of 

ordered four major and three 
smaller warship*. 

competitiveness of British 
industry can be described as 
appalling -and alarming today 
by her own Employment 
Secretary (Lord Young of 
GrallhamX does that not show 
the completely broken-backed 
nature of the industrial 
strategy? Unempfoymeut wffl 
continue to rise until thee is 
an incomes strategy in the both 
the private and public sectors. 
Mrs Thatcher. No- When he 
was in power be had an 
incomes strategy and a prices 
strategy .and inflation is now 
much Hess ' ihaa it ever was 

then. Tfie strategy caflapsed'ih 
foe -winter of discontent 1 * and 

he would be very rash even to 
consider bringing it back. 

it is 

iy*s figures, 
loss in 
in recent 
of that aud io 
has just been. 

said, not for the first time, by Sir 
Edward du Cano, win the Prime 
Minister now adopt &-policy for 
British Shipbuilders of scrap 
and build and bring forward .. 
public sector orders in order to 
sustainworiTandSkiHs' m those 

eas of high, unemployment. 
Alternatively, is the Prime 

Minister going to stand by and 
let British Shipbuilders join the 
long and growing list of those 

Yield from taxes 
on capital 

The yield from capital taxes 
which the Labour Party was 
'pledged to increase would fell 
very far short of the programme 
. it wanted to finance. Mr John 
MacGregor, Chief.Seaeteuy to 
the Treasury, said during Com- 
mons questjon time exchanges. 

- To fmance the additional £1.9 
billion that is required, even if 
peopfe . canting ' TnoTe': than 
£30,000 would have to pay more 
tax, ewen 'if 'they " were all 
prepared to go on earning it' at 
present rates with total confisca- 
tion of alt ' earnings above 
£30,000. it would only yield £ 1 .5 

AEU plans union 
with electricians 

By Pieter Davenport 

Leaders of the electricians’ 
and tfie engineers’ unions are 
to begm ‘discussions aimed at 
the formation of a joint orga- 
nization, it was disclosed yes- 

Details of the talks emerged 
after Mr Bill Jordan, president 
of the Amalgamated Engineer- 
ing Union, addressed the con- 
ference al Scarborough of foe 
EETPU, his first keynote 
speech since his election. 

He said that the two unions, 
which between them represent 
about 1^25 million workers, 
should form a “partnership of 

Later he said foar the na- 
tional council of his union 
would be discussing foe issue 
at its meeting next week. 

Ther ' first formal contacts 
will come, at a. meeting be- 
tween foe presidents and gen- 
eral secretaries of the unions 
wifoin foe next few weeks. 
Thai is likely to lead .to the 
formation of a joint working 

Mr Jordan, who made dear 
that he had long believed that 
foe two ..unions should come 
together, -said: “The new 
union wouid-not betbe biggest 

in the country but it would be 
.the most powerful. 

“It would be a partnership 
in every sense of the word, not 
a case of one seeking to 
dominate foe other. 

“There are those who would 
say it would be a right-wing 
power Mock. I would describe 
it as a power block for working 

Mr Jordan expects that 
opposition towards a new 
union would come from his 
old left wing which would see 
such a move as the weakening 
of its 'Opportunities to -exert 

The AEU . has 973;000 
members, with the Eelpu rep- 
resenting about 380,000. Mr 
Jordan said that members of 
foe two unions worked togeth- 
er in industry and shared 
common problems. 

“It is they who will not 
understand it we let what they 
sec as foe molehills of our 
structural problems prevent 
the formation of a partnership 
of power to give them strength 
to climb the mountains they 
face each day. 

“Let us'nol missthffboaL" 

Law clerk to get £45,000 

A senior clerk who claimed 
that he was unfairly dismissed 
by barristers at foe chambers 
where he worked is to receive 
a total of £45.000 after settle- 
ment of his High Court action 
against them was agreed yes- . 
terday. ending foe case after a . 
two-day hearing. 

Mr Keith Stanley Jones, 
aged 39, of Redbridge, north- 
east London, disclosed that 
£33,000 was in respect of the 
year's notice he claimed be 
should have been given. The 
remaining £12,000 related to 
his commission on briefs be 
had “booked" for banisters, 
but which had not been dealt 
with before he left the 

Mr Jones had alleged that 
when he was asked to leave the 
chambers al Temple Gardens, 
London, last year, it amount- 
ed to wrongful repudiation of 
his contracts. 

He had sued- the head of 
chambers. Miss ‘Ann God- 
dard, QC, .and 24 other 

Yesterday his counsel told 
Mr Justice Harman that the 
parties had reached an agree- 
ment including an order that 
Mr Jones's costs should be 

met bv the barristers. 

Mr Jones, a barristers’' clerk 
since 1964, had told the judge 
that he fipt knew that some- 
thing was amiss when he 
overheard a conversation 

between foe members of the 
chambers in which one said: 
“I have found a way to get rid 
of him and it won’t cost us a 

. Another of the .banisters, 
whom he regarded as a friend, 
told him that “in foe next 
three to four years chambers 
developments were going to 
be most crucial and they had 
decided chambers would be 
better off without me”. 

Mr Jones who now runs an 
upholstery and cleaning busi- 
ness, had sued for damages, 
costs, an account of fees owed 
to him and interest 

He said later he . was 
“delighted” with the outcome 
of the case. 

AA attacks ‘skinny’ tyre proposals 

By Clifford Webb, Motoring Correspondent 

The Automobile Associa- 
tion yesterday launched an 
outspoken attack on proposed 
new government regulations to 
control the use of space-saving 
“skinny" spare tyres. 

It said that they mmld leave 
too many legal loopholes for 
what was a potentially danger- 
ous fitment and should be- re- 
drafted with tougher 

The association, which has 
been campaigning against 

space-savers for nearly two 
years, said it was pleased that 
the Government was at last 
taking action to try to clarify 
the situation. 

However, the proposals 
stopped short of adequate 
safeguards for a tyre which 
should noF be driven at more 
than 50 mpfa and only for short 

A spokesman said it was 
currently illegal to mix 
crossply and radial tyres on 

foe same axles bat the regula- 
tions appeared to permit it 

The only performance stan- 
dard required by the new 
proposals related to a straight 
line braiting test on a dry road 
yet the AA’s tests showed tint 
a space-saver adversely affect- 
ed the car’s handling. 

■The Department of Trans- 
port said test night that it was 
still studying submissions and 
hoped to introduce the regula- 
tions in July, ■ 

Sale room 

Monet’s ‘Haystacks’ 
sold to US for £1 .6m 

. By Hte^'Mid]alieii , 

Christie's, sale of Impres- enlarged chess man. It sold far 

, areco^"E20,(X)p (£140,127). 

’ The. secondary session oi 
modern paintings and draw- 
ings held by Sotheby's m New 

sionist and Modem . 

in New York on Wednesday, 
was not quite as dramatic as 
that at Sotheby's foe previous ' 
evening, but it still produced a 
total of $16,664,100 
(£10,601,337) with 21 percent 
bought in. 

A painting of haystacks 
against a sunset, by Claude 
Monet, sold to an American 
collector for S24>30,000 (or 
£1,611,465). despite being 
encumbered with foe opinion 
of an art critic that it “must be. 

York on w 

their total to almost 
lion for two days. 

Both British auction houses 
were again in action in Gene- 
va on Wednesday; Sotheby’s 
with jewels and Christie's with 
works of art. 

read as an apotheosis to foe - £ ‘7 J - 

triumph of the haystack over (£3j|?'Q7Q) (esti- 

— — n mate Sw fr 1 mitlmnV anH Hu. 

A three-row pearl necklace, 
by van Cleefand Arpels, went 
to a European collector for Sw 

time, as well as weather*. 
Monet's haystack paintings 
date from 1890 and 1891. 

The Orential taste for the 
work of Renoir was demon- 
strated again by the price of 
$1,430,000 (£9 18,828) paid by 
a Japanese buyer for 
“Baigneuse”, a semi-naked 
giri painted in 1887. 

mate Sw fr ImiUionj and the 
samebuyer paid a forther Sw 
fr '572,000 (£200,70.1) for an 
oval sapphire, and Ttaguette 
diamond bracelet ' 

The total for the sale was Sw 
fr 8,583,080 (£3,01 1,607) -with 
28 per cent bought in. 

■ In the Christie's sale; which 
produced 3,035.934 
(£1 ,092,062), a Louis XV gold 
mid enamel snuffbox, by Jean 
Formey of Paris, painted with 

Among foe more modem 

works was a, marble sculpture » U iuk/ ui ram, psiunea w 
of a cardinal by Oiacomo - scenes of peasants feasti 
■ Manzu. This dated from the - after Teniers, made ■ Sw 
1970s ' and looked -like an “220,000 (£79,136). 


Mis Margaret Thatcher wffl 
be malting we of the critical 
speeches -of her came to the 
Scottish Conservatives & 
Forth today. Dnservative mo- 
rale has been devastated by 
last week's elections and m*ay 
Mite are Warning her for foe 
GoventuMsTs napeputerity. 
Sira therefore has to restore 
t it confidence of the Conser- 
vative Party in itself and te 

Her leadership is not fat 
<piesf»B at this stage. There 
aria ipute a number ift Conser- 
vative MHs who believe that 
they would stand a better 
chance at foe next election 
uoder somebody else. But they 

do net imagine that foe wfll go 
votaotxrBy before then and 

not afford a bloody battle 
remove her. 

. She wwdd not readily be 
persuaded to retire by some 
deputation of party elders and 
it is almost feooaomaUe that 
anyone wffl stand openly 
against her. . 

BM to say dot she will not 
be meted like that is not to 
off her personal diffi- 

frtttia in bet leadership it would 
be pmatiess for her to c&ng on 
to office. For the party to 
tfmMm into battle under a 
leader fa whom it no Longer 
befieved would he a presenp- 
tios for defeat. jf 

Indeed, if party disfllusioiP 
meat were to continue to grow 
a print coakf be reached at 
which she herself was forced 
to condnde that the task was 
he pebra n. The ground beneath 
her feet could cramMe so much 
thattherewasnowherelbr her 
tomilfenstaixL . 

Voters BabJe to 
le bored 

So the q u estion 
whether she can reestablish 
her psychological authority. 
On she avoid foe impression 
gaming ground that she has 
served her time? M 

Some of the qidd s i n wP 
which stewhetog subjected is 
simply an expression of the 
atrtsffat potiticat ; principle: 
Wbcg tfefogs *0-wroag, blame 
L TMre-^r more 

that to tite dsiiBto that are 

ban Prime Minister for a 
coqttoKH* perujd than 
any o n e since Asquith. Yet in 
the age of mass conmnmka- 
tions voters are liable to 
faecoae bored with thefr lead- 
ers rather quickly. 

The detrend for a fresh face 
becomes all the awe insistent 
when the electorate suspects 
foal the Incumbe nt is failing to 
respond to new challen ges. 


now is that she may seem to 
yesterday’s woman preoccu- 
pied with yesterday’s 

It is that impression that 
she needs to disprove at Perth 
today. I believe that she will 
look back with some pride on 
tiie achievements of the past 
seven years, ou the fell la 
inflation and on trade union 
reform. She will no doubt be 
emphasizing how easily these 
gains could be squandered. 

AH this wfll be justified. In 
the moment of dfefllusionmeut 
with her, neither her party nor 
the country should forget what 
a remarkable Prime Minister 
she has' been, with what 
determination she has f( 
against national decline 
what an impact she has made 
on the international scene. I 
doubt if I shad ever again live 
under a Prime Minister who 
commands such respect 

New anxieties on 
national agenda 

But elections are not won 
through gratitude. So Mrs 
Thatcher needs to demon- 
strate .today that she can 
respond equally effectively to 
the new anxieties that are now 
heading the national agenda. 

She has to show that she ’ 

the Prime Minister that 

country requires for the chal- 
lenge <rf unemployment just as 
she was for the challenge of 

inflatio n 

She has to convince parents 
that she wfll see that stan- 
dards are raised in schools. 
She has to prove that her 
concern for the National 
Health Service is not simply to 
spend as little money on it as 
politics wfi] permit. 

. None of tte means that she 
isrequired to tarn full drde. If 
foe did that, shewmdd nrifoer 
command respect nor serve the 
national interest. She needs to 

respond to new , 

ways that are consistent 


■ITT" - ’ 

jtissni s 


• -J*- ‘ 

... ** 

. .a 

I • 

r • ' : 

The danger for Mrs Thatcbe^ 

: trea sun 

i . • . 



I believe that that is possi- 
ble.! do not know if she can do 
It But if she cammt, if she 
cannot seem as relevant to the 
Britain of 1986 as she was to 
foe Britain of 1979, then she 
will have ceased to he effective^ 
as Prime Minister no matter*? 

long she may hold the 
office.:'::. . • - • 




The Chernobyl aftermath: Europe and US counter Soviet propaganda offensive 

MEPs seek compensation 
for damage to produce 


- "" ■ j.,. 

The European Parliament 
yesterday called for an inter- 
national conference to estab- 
lish nuclear safety rules in the 
aftermath of Chernobyl, and 
to set up a rapid response force 
of experts to deal with nuclear 
accidents anywhere in the 

The Parliament criticized 
Moscow's “underhand at- 
tempts to conceal its 
responsibility** for the disaster 
and demanded compensation 
~ from the Kremlin for damage 
caused to European crops and 
; foodstuffs. 

Regarding EEC compensa- 
. lion claims, the Commission 
said it would draw , up : a 
detailed report on damage 
suffered by European formers 
and others as a result of 
Chernobyl foll-ouL 

Mr Stanley O inton Davis, 
Commissioner for the Envi- 
ronment, told Parliament that 
the Commission had acted 
swiftly, using its own powers 
to ban fresh meat from East- 
ern Europe, but bad run into 
delays wer milk, fruit and 
vegelab) -s because of the need 

From Richard Owen, Strasbourg 

to consult member govern- 
ments • _ 

It was not too much to ask 
for greater Cbm mission pow- 
ers to ensure a speedy re-, 
sponse in future. Mr Clinton 
Davis said. 

A resolution evolved by 
West German Socialists and 
Greens, and put forward by a 
loose left-wing coalition, 
called for the abandonment of 
nuclear energy in Europe and 
the closure of nuclear power 
plants “prone to breakdown”. 

However, the motion was 
narrowly defeated, after 
French Socia lists and. Italian ■ 
Communist MEPs had defect- 
ed in order to support a rival 
centre-right motion. 

Mr -Nicolas Motor, Com- 
missioner for Energy, ap- 
peared before a crowded 
chamber to declare that aban- 
donment of nuclear energy 
would create “very serious 
difficulties” for the EEC and 
would mean a return to “dan- 
gerous dependence on import- 
ed oil”. 

After an unprecedentedly 

lengthy debate, in which feel- 
ings ran high against both 
Soviet secrecy and the com- 
placency of the Western nucle- 
ar industry. Parliament 
backed a centre-right resolu- 
tion calling on the Commis- 
. sion and the governments of 
the Twelve to formulate a 
common EEC position on the 
setting up of an international 
authority to co-ordinate ex- 
pert intervention in the case of 
a nuclear accident or terrorist 

The proposed authority 
would also negotiate new rules 
requiring countries to report 
■immediately on accidents to 
the International Atomic En- 
ergy Agency in Vienna. 

The resolution, passed by 
271 votes to 32 with 30 
abstentions, called for effeo 
live international inspection 
and common EEC standards 
on nuclear safety and reactor 

The Parliament approved a 
Christian Democrat resolu- 
tion deploring excessive na- 
tional restrictions in EEC 

Russia starts international 
campaign to repair image 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 


The Soviet Union has 
launched an international pro- 
paganda offensive aimed at 
repairing the damage caused 
by its mishandling of the 
Chernobyl disaster. 

Mr Leonid Zamyatin, the 
new Soviet Ambassador in 
London, held a press confer- 
ence yesterday to reassure 
Britons that the situation was 
now fully under control. 

He also drew attention to 
the renewed call on Wednes- 
day by Mr Mikhail Gorba- 
chov, the Soviet leader, for a 
endear test ban. 

During the boor-long con- 
ference Mr Zamyatin was 
critical of “certain Western 
elements” who had sought to 
make anti-Soviet propaganda 
from the Chernobyl tragedy. 

Bat be expressed gratitude 
to the British Government and 
the. British people for. their 
sympathy and support » • • • • 

Britain gave the Soviet 
Union 70 protective suits fur 
resene workers at Chernobyl, 
and two British technicians 
were flown to Moscow to help 
operate British-supplied blood 
transfusion equipment. 

It is extremely rare for 
Soviet ambassadors in London 
to give press conferences. It Is 
unprecedented for one to be 
held before the ambassador 
has even presented his cre- 

Mr Zamyatin, until recently 
the Kremlin's chief foreign 
affairs spokesman, arrived in 
London only a fortnight ago 
and has yet to be received at 
Buckingham Palace. 

His decision to confront die 
press so soon after his arrival 
was a sign of the importance 
Moscow attributes to restoring 
its international credibility. . . 
; TB& Amhassadpr, ^ sitting: 

bachov, read out an opening 
statement in English which 
was essentially a summary of 
his leader’s broadcast the 
previous evening. He then 
answered questions through 
an interpreter, although he 
himself has a good working 
knowledge of Eupish. 

Mr Zamyatin made it dear! 
that the Soviet Union wanted a 
-summit meeting to-be held 
later this year -hetweeh Mr 
Gorbachov and President Rea- 
gan. “The Soviet Union is 
quite prepared to foffD the 
agreements that were reached 
in Geneva (last November), 
including the one on the next 
Soviet-American summit,” he 

He denied Western press 
reports that Moscow was no 
longer interested in holding 
.such a meeting. - . ‘ 

■ countries on milk and vegpia- 
t ble products “in the confusion 

■ of the "moment,” and putting 

■ the blame squarely on the 
i Soviet Union for the desiruc- 
- tion of European agricultural 
^ products. 

The Assembly urged EEC 
ministers to evaluate the dam- 
age and present Moscow with 
a bill for compensation. 

Mr Clinton Davis said that 
EEC experts who had original- 
ly been asked for a report on 
Sellafield had last week ad- 
vised him that EEC standards 
. on radiation levels did not 
need revision. “I cannot 
agree” the Commissioner 
said. - - - 

Because of incomplete data 
the Commission had not been 
able to act promptly as a 
' “clearing bouse” for Commu- 
nity action, Mr Clinton Davis 
went on. Openness in nuclear 
affoirs was the only way to 
allay public anxieties. “There 
is absolutely no complacency 
on the part of the 
Commission,” Mr Clinton 
Davis concluded. 

The Parliament's resolution 
called -for EEC food and 
medical aid for Russia, and 
asked the Commission to 
report on the long-term impli- 
cations of Chernobyl for the 
health of Europe’s population. 

A resolution tabled by Brit- 
ish Conservative MEPs mak- 
ing EEC food aid dependent 
on human rights concessions 
by Moscow, was defeated. 

The Commission an- 
nounced that it was sending 
400 tonnes of milk powder to 
Warsaw for Polish children at 
the request of the Polish 
Episcopate, a decision warmly 
welcomed by Sir Henry 
Plumb, leader of the British; 
Conservative - group at 

• BRUSSELS: EEC technical 
experts meeting here again 
foiled to agree dn a scale for 
the monitoring of radiation 
levels in foodstuffs traded 
within the EEC but said that i 
in any case radiation levels in i 
Europe had dropped marked- \ 
ly. The experts said there i 
would be an exchange of 1 
information between EEC 1 
states on radioactivity on a ' 
riaifythasis. T'lT a ;• -;;i 

.... ■ 

••v.w. ~ • - 

■ i , • 

Professor Robert Gale, a US specialist in radiation poisoning, talking at a press conference 
in Moscow yesterday about his work with Chernobyl victims. 

Swedes claim 
disaster plant 
leaked before 

Stockholm — The 
Chernobyl nuclear plant may 
have leaked radioactivity be- 
fore the present disaster, the 
Swedish Defence Research In- 
stitute said yesterday (Christo- 
pher Mosey writes). 

A spokesman said higher 
levels of radioactivity were 
registered over Sweden in 
1983 at the time Chernobyl 
came on stream. 

Increased radiation was also 
measured in 1984, 198S and 
earlier this year. <• 

Mr Gimnar Bengtsson, di- 
rector of the Radiation Protec- 
tion Institute in Stockholm, 
presented new figures indicat- 
ing that in the next SO years 
between two and 20 deaths 
from cancer would result in 
Sweden because of radioactiv- 
ity from. Chernobyl. 

Milk and vegetables 
safe again, Poles told 

From Roger Boyes, Warsaw 

The Polish Government an- ■ by grass-fed cows, 
nounced yesterday that radio- Although the communique 
activity in the air and water did not mention the level of 
was almost back to normal, grass and soil contamination, 
and told Poles it was again safe leafy vegetables like lettuce 
to drink milk and eat and spinach have been taken 
vegetables. off the list of banned foods. 

A communique issued by Tests performed on some 
the special governmental cri- vegetable crops in the centre 
sis team said the amount of of Poland showed that radish- 
radiation in milk had been es and cucumbers were actual- 
falling and maximum read- ly below the normal 
ings did ‘not exceed 500 “background” level of 
becquerels per litre, compared radiation, 
to International Atomic Ener- The commission empha- 
gy Authority emergency levels sized that the fallout levels 
of 1,000 becquerels per litre were now low throughout the 
for children and 10,000 country including, presum- 
becquerels for adults. Dairy ably, the north-east, which 
fanners are now free to graze was worst affected by the 
their cattle on pastureland and radioactive cloud as it drifted 
the state has resumed its over the Soviet border from 
purchasing of mflk produced the Chernobyl nuclear site. . 

to study 

From Michael Binyon 

The White House is giving 
serious consideration to Mr 
Gorbachov’s call for new inter- 
national safety measures at 
nuclear power plants, hot has 
rejected his accusations that 
the US has deliberately made 
political capital out of the 
Chernobyl accident. 

Reacting to Mr Gorbachov's 
TV address, Mr Larry 
S peakes, the White House 
spokesman, gave the cold- 
shoulder to the Soviet leader’s 
renewed offer to meet Presi- 
dent Reagan in Europe or in 
Hiroshima tO diSCttSS Hanning 
underground nuclear tests. 

The Russians had yet to 
reply to US suggestions that 
experts meet to discuss this; it 
made tittle sense for the 
leaders to meet only for this. 

Mr Speakes said, however, 
that a summit meeting here 
this year was still possible if 
Mr Gorbachov wanted it 

The Administration was 
comforted by his assurances 
that “the worst is behind as” 
but it was “distressed that he 
used the occasion to make 
unfounded charges against the 
US and other Western 

He said unfounded Soviet 
accusations most not be used 
to exonerate Soviet officials 
from their obligation to inform 
the public promptly of acci- 
dents which might affect their 

The Gorbachov address was 
broadcast live on one televi- 
sion network here and exten- 
sively quoted on the others. 
US officials suggested be was 
doing his best to regain tire 
propaganda initiative at home 
and abroad after the disaster. 
They noted his skill in linking 
the accident to the Soviet call 
for a nuclear test moratorium. 
• BRUSSELS: Nato would 
welcome any proposals that 
would lower the level of mili- 
tary forces (Frederick Bonnart 

An official said that any 
such proposals by Mr 
Gorbachev would have to be 
specifically tabled at one of the 
negotiating forums and care- 
fully analysed. 

Leading article, page 11 

wife guilty 
of treason 

From Michael Hornsby 

Helene Passtoors, a Dutch- 
born woman, was convicted of 
treason in the Rand.Supreme 
Court yesterday, but acquitted 
on a second count of 

She will be sentenced later. 
Death is the maximum penal- 
ty. for treason, but is rarely 
- imposed. 

The judge, Mr Justice 
Spoelsira, based the finding of 
treason on the “inescapable 
inference” he drew from evi- 
dence that Miss Passtoors was 
a member of the outlawed 
African National Congress 
<ANC), which was committed 
to overthrow the state. 

Miss Passtoors’ counsel, Mr 
Denis Kuny, contended that 
she could not be guilty of 
treason because she was not a 
South African citizen. 

The judge rejected this. He 
said that under Roman Dutch 
law a duty of allegiance was 
not limited to a country's 
.citizens, but extended to resi- 
' dents as well. 

She owed allegiance to the 
Republic and could commit 
treason against it- 

Miss Passtoors, who is in 
her mid-forties, admitted 
knowing the location of vari- 
ous arms caches, but denied 
knowing their contents. The 
judge said her knowledge im- 
plied a measure of control 
over the caches, which were 
dearly intended to further the 
aims of the ANG 

Miss Passtoors is the former 
wife of Mr Klaas de Jonge, a 
Dutch anthropologist and so- 
ciologist with whom she was 
arrested in June last year. 

Mr de Jonge, who is accused 
of running arms for the ANC, 
escaped from police custody a 
month later and took refuge in 
the Dutch Embassy in 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

President Botha said yester- 
day that his Government 
would not tolerate “unsolicit- 
ed interference” in its affairs 
by outsiders, and was perfectly 
capable of solving its own : 

In a speech broadcast live 
on television — an indication 
of the importance attached to 
it' by the Government — Mr 
Botha never mentioned by 
name the Commonwealth 
Eminent Persons Group, 
which is visiting South Africa 
to uy to mediate between 
black and white leaders. 

Many of his remarks 
seemed, however, to be aimed 
at the EPG and were interpret- 
ed here as a warning to it not 
to try to push Pretoria too 
bard, and as a signal to the 
outside world in general not to 
expect too modi from the 
Commonwealth initiative. 

Addressing the President's 
Council, an advisory body of 
whites, . Coloureds and Indi- 
ans, in Cape Town, Mr Botha 
made no reference to recent 
speculation that the EPG .was 

leader,; Mr Nelson Mandela, 
in return for a suspension of : 
ANC guerrilla activity. 

Confusion about the- 
Government’s constitutional 
intentions had been created by 
“disinformation and the prop- 
agation of blatant untruths by 
enemies of South Africa”. 

This confusion had been 
made worse by “continued 
visits from abroad by 'official 
and non-official groups who 
interfere in South Africa's 
domestic affairs”. . 

Some of these groups, Mr 
Botha allowed,, were well-:, 
intentioned, but he did not say 

Bigger role for military 
in space shuttle flights 

From Mohsin Ali, Washington 

The US military will have 
an important but not predom- 
inant role in future shuttle 
flights in space, Nasa officials 

Mr James Fletcher, the new 
head of Nasa, thinks it may be 
a few years , before the space 
agency returns -to launching as 
many as 24 Shuttle flights a 
year. He hopes the first flight 
since the Challenger disaster 
on January ..28 will be 
launched about July next year. 

An Administration task 
force is expected to recom- 
mend to President Reagan 
that the space shuttle should 
no longer compete to launch 

commercial and foreign sat- 

This would represent an 
important policy shift to make 
room for the backlog of mili- 
tary rayloads, according to a' 
Washington Post report yes- 

The recommendation is bit- 
terly opposed by Nasa and. 
commercial satellite compa- 
nies. It could effectively end 
the space agency’s efforts to 
make the shuttle “pay for 
itself” by launching private 
satellites for a fee. 

A White House official said 
the shuttle would not lose all 
its commercial satellites if the 
proposal was adopted. 

which ones they were. “We do 
not want to break off our 
foreign relations, but unsolic- 
ited interference sometimes 
readies proportions which un- 
deniably prove that some 
countries want to conceal their 
domestic problems behind 
meddling in our problems.” 

Elsewhere in his speech, 
which offered little new in- 
sight into the Government's 
intentions on promised politi- 
cal rights for blacks, Mr Botha 
set out what he called “certain 
important principles that are 

Among these he said that 
any political settlement must 
“reflect the multi-cultural na- 
ture of South African sodety. 
and must provide for visible 
and effective protection of 
minority groups and then- 
rights against domination:” 

t Leading article, page 11 

War crimes 

Bonn — Wolfgang Otto, 
aged 74, was sentenced at 
Krefeld yesterday to four years 
in jail for his part in the 
murder in Bucbenwald in 
1944 of Ernst Thai man n, lead- 
er of the German Communist 
Party, who. was imprisoned 
when Hitler took power in 
1933 (Frank Johnson writes). 

. A few weeks into the trial 
the prosecution derided there 
was insufficient evidence 
against Otto and agreed with 
the defence that there should 
be an acquittal. 

But the bench ruled that 
Otto was involved as a camp 
official who would have seen 
all secret execution orders. 

Eadt First 
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gpmtfi Domingo (Reuter) — 
When voters in the Domini- 
can Republic elect a president 
tomorrow they will haw a 
choice between symbols of the 
nation's turbulent past and a 
pro-Washington businessman 

who wants to bury old ways. 

The businessman, Senor 
JacabO Majluia, bas emerged 
as the favourite with a pledge 
10 consolidate Western-style 
democracy and to restore 
economic stability to me Ca- 
ribbean country. 

Most opinion polls snow 

him leading SeftorJuan:Bosch 

and Senor Joaquin. BaJaguer, 
two elderly men who (torwf 
nated the era following the 30 
vears of the Trujillo dictator- 

ship, which ended in 1962. 

Senor Majlota, an econo- 
mist of Lebanese descent, is 
standing for the ruling centrist 
Dominican - Revolutionary 
Party (PRDj. He promises to 
reactivate the stagnant econo- 
my, which has been Over- 
reliant on sugar exports. 

Rejecting the authoritarian 
approach of most previous 
Dominican rulers, Senor 
Majluta, who is 5 1 , has said he 
will count, on teamwork to 
move his country ahead. 

Senor Balaguer, of the Re- 
formist Social Christian Party 
(PRSC), suffered a big setback ■- 
when he admitted that he was 
almost blind and incapable of 
reading documents. 

The- 78-year-old conserva- 
tive scoffs at the idea- that the - 
infirmity would affect his 
ability to role, saying; “I will 
not be required to thread 
needles when in office.” 

Political analysts character- 
ized his three terms in office — 
which opponents assert he 
won by suppressing challeng- 
ers — as periods, of total 
dictatorship, relative dictator- 
ship and finally liberal democ- 
racy, when he allowed 
political exiles to reuirn. 

Senor Baiaguer, who is sol- 
idly behind .US Caribbean 
policies, ;came to power in 
elections in 1966, watched 
overby US forces. The Ameri- 
cans bad invaded the Domini- 

can Republic .the previous 
■year -following a left-wing 

The 1965 uprising was an 
attempt to restore the presi- 
dency of Senor Bosch, who 
had been deposed in 1963 by 
military officers opposed to 
his socialist-style Gov- 

Senor Bosch, aged 76. a 
dose friend of President Cas- 
tro of Cuba and a self- 
proclaimed Marxist, has 
recently been in poor health. 

He has disappointed some 
of his . more fervent .left-wing 
supporters moder- 
ate line in the current cam- 
paign and surprised backers 
by welcoming US investment 

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FRIDA^MA Y l<vi9gfc. 

New faces in Yugoslav reshuffle 

Low-key Albanian as 
head of state faces 

regional ethnic tension 

^ « TV.. m ~ DhIhmiIa 

From Dessa Trevisau, Belgrade 

Yugoslavia's first ethnic Al- 
banian president takes office 
today for a year under the 
eight-man rotation system de- 
vised by the late President 

Mr Sin an Hasani represents 
Kosovo. In view of the persis- 
tent ethnic problems in his 
restless region, his non at the 
top carries special political 

Tito saw the annual rotation 
of the head of state as a means 
of securing equal representa- 
tion for the six Yugoslav 
republics and two autono- 
mous regions, and of blocking 
any one man from holding 
power indefinitely. The sys- 
tem has been running smooth- 
ly; Mr Hasaui is the eighth 
president since Tito's death. 

President Hasani is by voca- 
tion a writer of fiction. He is a 
soft-spoken, unobtrusive 
man. and kept a low profile as 
a politician until he was thrust 
into the limelight in 1981 with 
the ethnic riots in the regions. 
He represents the rapidly di- 
minishing wartime political 

' In the same reshuffle, Mr 
Branko Mikulic, a disciplinar- 
ian from Bosnia, takes over as 

premier of the federal Govern- 
ment for a four-year term. _ 

A tough job awaits him in 
proving what his predecessor, 
Mrs Milka Ptaoinc, was un- 
able to prove: that the federal 
Government has the power to 
impose its programmes on the 
republics and to get things 
done at a time when 
Yugoslavia's economic and' 
political crises are getting 
worse and when central au- 
thority is continually being 
challenged by interest groups. 

Mr Mikulic is regarded as a 
hardliner, and already there 
are fears that the tolerance 
that characterized Mrs Pian- 
ino’s regime has come to an 
end. He has made it dear on 
several occasions that he does 
not like free criticism of the 

With inflation threatening 
to exceed last year’s record of 
80 per cent, and with felling 
living standards and growing 
unemployment Yugoslavia’s 
crisis is indeed deepening. The 
outgoing Government felled 
to restructure the economy, 
mainly because its reformist 
programme encountered 
strong opposition from en- 
trenched bureaucracy and lo- 


cal bosses set on preserving 
their monopolies at a time 
when loss-making industries 
should have been dosed. 

It remains to be seen wheth- 
er Mr Mikulic, who has a 
reputation as a good organiz- 
er, can push his policies 

• Man of action: Mr Mikulic, 
58, has been on the 
liiical scene for more than 
years, mainly in his native 
Bosnia where he proved both 
effective and efficient, acquir- 
ing bis reputation as a man 
who gets things done. 

It was largely due to him 
that Sarajevo was acclaimed 
by the world for its organiza- 
tion of the winter Olympics. 

But his resolute and enter- 
prising spirit may belie a 
narrow ideological vision. As 
parly chief in Bosnia for 10 
years he did not tolerate 
differences and was a champi- 
on of firm-hand policy. 

The effects of his economic 
performance are tangible in 
Bosnia, but it is the republic 
with the tightest political and 
intellectual restrictions. Stiff 
prison sentences are handed 
out for political dissent 

EECs budget 
chief asks 
for extra f Ibn 

Strasbourg - Mr Hennii 
Christophersen, the EEC Bu 
get Commissioner, this week 
presented the European Par- 
liament with a proposed sup- 
plementary budget of more 
than £1 billion to meet extra 
farming costs, regional and 
social spending and past fi- 
nancial commitments (Rich- 
ard Owen writes). 

But the 1986 budget crisis 
remains unresolved, with the 
Council of Ministers insisting 
that the budget put forward by 
the Parliament contravenes 
budgetary discipline. 

Sir Fred Caiherwood, Con- 
servative MEP for Cam- 
bridgeshire and Bedfordshire 
North, urged the council to 
drop its case against the 
Parliament over the budget 
But officials said it would go 
ahead, and the stalemate was 
likely to continue. 

French split on bid to 
privatize TV channel 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 

The government plan 
rivatize ‘■immediately” 


privatize ‘’immediately” the 
state-owned French television 
channel, TFl, has been wel- 
comed by the right But it was 
greeted with anger and dismay 
by the left and all the unions 

It is believed to be the first 
time in the world that a 
government has sought to 
privatize a public television 

Explaining the decision in 
Parliament on Wednesday, M 
Francois Leotard Minister for 
Culture and Communica- 
tions, said that the “monopoly 
basis of the French audio- 
visual system has run out of 
steam, and can no longer face 
up to the technological and 
cultural competition from 

But it was the last Socialist 

Government which broke the 
50-year-old state monopoly 
over television. In February it 
introduced France's first pri- 
vate television channel, fol- 
lowed a few weeks later by a 
second private channel main- 
ly devoted to music. 

In its electoral programme, 
the right promised to privatize 
two of the three state-owned 

While M Leotard has said 
that TFl will be privatized 
and that Antenne 2. the 
second channel will remain 

S iblic, he has left unclear the 
ture of the third channel 
FR3. He said that its status 
would be “transformed” be- 
fore the end of 1987. 

The television unions have 
chosen next Thursday to call a 
one-day strike throughout 
French television in protest 

Habib puts 
on rebels 

From Mohsin AH 

Mr Philip Habib, President 
Reagan's special envoy, has 
held talks with Ni c ara gu an 
rebel leaders in Miami this 
week on prospects for the 
Central American peace pro- 
cess, amid growing charges 
here of corruption and drag 
smuggling by some Contras. 

Their Miami meetings came 
as the House of Representa- 
tives was preparing for anoth- 
er vote on President Reagan's 
controversial request for S 100 
million (£65 million) in mili- 
tary aid for the insurgents. 

Mr Habib said his brief 
meeting with the rebel chiefs 
on Wednesday, daring their 
three-day conference, was only 
to “exchange views”. But rebel 
officials said privately they 
took his presence as a sign of 
intensified pressure from the 
Administration to resolve in- 
ternal disputes and clean up 
the tarnished image of the 

The effort to unify the rebel 
nmbrella group. United Nica- 
raguan Opposition (UNO), 
comes amid congressional 
charges here that millions' of 
dollars in humanitarian aid 
may have been misused by the 





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Contra leader blames CIA 

as he lays down his arms 

Ftom Martha Hosey 
Sun Jos& 

Commander Ed£n Pastora, 
a former Sandinista military 
boo who has become the 
most flamboyant and contro- 
versial of the Contra leaders. 

is giving up the fight, charging 
that the CIA has engineered 

the desertion of most of his 
field officers and troops. 

According to Sen or Karol 
Prado, spokesman here for 
Commander Pastora, the 
Contra leader plans today to 
leave his riverside camp and 
cross into Costa Rica with his 
remaining troops. He will lay 
down his arras and ask for 
political asylum. 

President Oscar Arias of 
Costa Rica said his Govern- 
ment was studying the re- 
quest. Costa Rica has a 
tradition of granting political 
asylum, but because of its 
policy of neutrality it officially 
bans armed guerrillas from 
coming here. 

Commander Pastora has 
not been legally permitted in 
this country since he declared 
his guerrilla war against the 
Sandinistas three years ago. 
But he and other armed 
Contras frequently entered 
Costa Rica clandestinely. . 

. Seflor Prado said that Com- 
mander Pastora plans to “de- 

Some of the 90 Nkaragirans who were reported earlier this 
week, to have deserted to the Sandinistas front the US- 
backed Nicaraguan Democratic Force. V 

trounce the CTA for not letting 
him fight and for trying to 
destroy him. Pastora win nev- 
er bea tool of the US 

Last Friday six of Com- 
mander Pastora’5 seven field 
commanders quit and joined 
the Nicaraguan Democratic 
Force (FDN), the hugest US- 
backed Contra force, which 
operates out of Honduras^ 

form a “southern-front" based 
in Costa Rica, and has 
sively sought to lure 
mander Fhstora’s estimated 
3.000 troops to switch sides. 

Contra sources say that 
daring the last two months 
officials from the FDN and 
the CIA have delivered badly 
needed supplies directly to his 
commanders and then sum- 
moned them to secret talks. 

i ThoFDN hasbeexMi^wg to -j^uisideSan JosL- 

Tamil terrorism 

From Michael Hamlyn, Colombo 

While warning his country- 
men to take new precautions 
against a continuation of the 
series of bomb outrages in 
Colombo, the minister re- 
sponsible for Sri Lanka's anti- 
terrorist campaign also 
pointed out -yesterday that 
people living, in Britain bear 
some blame for the killings. 

Mr Lalith Atfaztiathmudall 
the Minister for National 
Security, said: “Mr and Mrs 
Macpherson and their daugh- 
ter died through terrorist ac- 
tivity based on money which 
could conceivably have been 
raised in Britain.” 

The Macpbersons were 
killed when a bomb destroyed 
an Air Lanka TriStar on the 
tarmac of Colombo airport 
last week. 

Mr Athulathmudali has 

that relations on a govern- 
mem-to-government basis 
with Britain have been good in 
most respects. 

Issuing a list of seven 
detailed precautions which 
should be taken in all govern- 
ment buildings and all build- 
ings to which the public have 
access, ' the minister said he 
believed the rebels would 
again try a terrorist bomb 
attack in the south in prder to 
wreck the current Indian dip- 
lomatic initiative. 

Seventeen people died as a 
result of the bomb planted on 
the Air Lanka plane; and 
another 14 were kiDed when a 

bomb exploded in the city's 
‘ tele 

complained in the past about 
the fund raising activities of 

Tamil separatists living in 
exile in Britain. 

Yesterday he compared his 
fears with those of the Indian 
Government over the activi- 
ties of Sikh extremists in 

He also said that allbough 
Sri Lanka had not yet formally 
requested the extradition of 
any separatist rebel living in 
Britain, because “we don't 
think we. have enough evi- 
dence to satisfy the English 
courts” he thought it would 
soon do so. 

Mr Athulathmudali added 

central telegraph office three 
days later. 

- Discussing the chances for a 
peaceful political solution to 
the ' island republic's ethnic 
crisis, the minister, who had 
detailed discussions with an 
Indian Government team vis- 
iting Sri Lanka, said that now 
was the time' for informal 
talks. . 

He said he was personally 
anxious to avoid negotiations 
taking place in the limelight, 
but thought that progress 
could now be achieved pro- 
vided the glare of publicity on 
every move was avoided. 

He thought it was unlikely 
that a ceasefire could be 
agreed before the- negotiations 
could take place. 

Islam law, 

From Hasan Akhtar 

A Pakistani woman, who 
was conrided of adultery and 
sentenced to death by stoning 
under Islamic law, is reported 
to have said she was forced 
and tricked into admitting the 
charge again st her. 

'“She Told a women's "welfare 
association leader that she was 
promised she would be acquit- 
ted if she pleaded guilty. 

The woman, Mis Gal Nisa, 
who was sentenced to death by 
stoning by Mr Abdul Razzaq, 
sessions Judge of Attock, a 
town about 50 miles from here, 
was salt back to her parents 
after becoming estranged from 
her husband. She allegedly 
bad an ftffair and became - 

Mrs Farida Afral Rasa, 
president ofTehrikd-Niswan 
(Women’s Moyemept). Who 
saw Mra Gul Nisa in jail on 
Wednesday, said she- dented* 
committing adultery. 

Mr FaZd Dad; who alleged-: 
ly had the affair with Mrs Gul 
Nisa, was sentenced by the 
judge to seven years’ jaO and 
20 lashes. Mrs Kana said he 
was a cousin of Mrs Gnl 
Nisa's husband, and, accord- 
ing to the condemned woman, 
gave false, evidence. 

Mrs Rnna said - that her 
association and* three others 



going to appeal against 
GulNisa's conviction. - 

Bangladesh train sabotage Mils 25 

Dhaka — At least 25 people are feared to 
have been killed and 45 wounded when 
suspected metremists derailed a crowded 
express train near the . border town of 
Bheramara in western Bangladesh, about 150 
miles from Dhaka (Ahmed Fazl writes). 

Railway officials said plates holding togeth- 
er sections of trade had been removed. Several 
of the carriages plunged into a flooded canal 

Eleven people have been missing since the 
. disaster early yesterday. Six bodies have been 
recovered, but rescuers said there could be 
more m overturned carriages. 

Officials suspect that the train was derailed 
. by the Sarbahara underground Marxist group, 
which has attacked police stations in the area. 
They said they had proof that the track had 
been tampered with. . ■ 

wax and 


Brussels (A?) - A .train 
strike paralysed ran traffic for- 
a third day roanifig through- ^ 
out most of Bdgamj v«tev . 
dav, as ibe cotmtry pesced; 
itself for a .one -day. j riyfl 
servants strike tuuwwoifc “ -.r _ 

Meanwhile a foitf-wecfc-old : 
miners strike to prom t, jtt ft 
Permed mine closures w ■ 
layofft began. lo lose 
momentum- ' , . . *• 

- Three of BdgiumVfiv*\ 
remaining urines operated 
normally* as more than half 
the country's 18.500 miners 
renamed to’ work. 

Since last Monday, about 40." 
policemen have been uyured 1 

m scuffles with the miners, * 

Three killed hi 
Jordan riot 

Amman (Reuter) — Three 
students died and IS poficer 
men were injured in rioting at 
one of Jordan’s three universi - P 
ties. Government - officials 
said it began over fires charged 
for engineering tuitiort 
An Interior Ministry stare-, 
ment said security forces bath 
controlled the situation at: 
Yannook University, in foe 
northern dty of ftfckL - 


*< ^ w -- 

Hanfourg man 
Mown apart 

Hamburg (AW ~;A man 
was blown lo pieces m a 
H am burg cafe 1 

a bomb, police said. Thor 
owner was seriously injured. 4- 
Invtstigators said that they 
found another bomb, in a 
metal case under ibe dead 
man's body. . .. 

Japan t 

Wellington (APj .— The- 
. environ meow . group 

Warrior as a dSving atwctidn 
off : New Zealand- But foe 
Govemneronsked ir to recon- 
sider, catling the plan, histori- 
cal vandalism. 

s* " 
■*. ■ T ‘ 

. 7 * • 1 

*3 * 


yi •-'•* 

i ^ 
£' " r 

Wanted man 

Nairobi (Reuter)- A Nairo- 
bi court has oTOeied a 34-year- .’ 
old Briton, : Thomas : A. j 


over lo foe 1US L authorities 
aSWr sfovfog JW efr-n fom h 

nri son to m- for iBegM-Ptlry 
into Kenyfu - - 

• h ns 

-«;* ’i 



• Bayonne (ltot!ot): ~ 'Efc; 
xningd Ttorbe Abasoto, ' be?. 

lieved by police, to be the 

ofil * 

leader of foe military., wing of 
the Spanish Basque separatist 
movement, ETA, was jailed 
for three months for posses*, 

I ?’ 


Siller dies 

Huntsville (Reuter) — Jay a 
Kefly Pinkertoo, a 24-ycjff-old v 
double kiBer who converted *6 
Islam during his spell on 
^Tennessee'S Death Tlow, was 
executed by lethal uyection. 

.■ 1^!:- ■ •• 

•* . •. 

. . • 

Envoy out 

Kuwait (AP) — Tunisia has 
expelled Libya’s ambassador 
to the Arab League after 
accusing him of illegally visit- 
ing military camps* the Ku- 
waiti newspaper al-Siyassa 

-nuda su 
Mroaii :t 

SateDite flies 

Moscow (AFP) — The Sovi- 
et Union has teunched a hew 
Cosmos scientific satellite. All 
instruments were working per- 
feciiy.Tass reported.-’- • 

Fatal fall 

Madrid (Reuter) — Jufidn di 
la Horra, of die West German 
troupe, the Bordinos, fell lo 
his death from a 390ft high 
wire at Madrid's central Plaza 

Baltic find 

Bornholm (Renter) — Dan- 
ish archaeologists have- dis- 
covered more than 650 tiny 
gold figurines from foe sixth 
century on tbisBaluc island. 

^ Rfcw 

Talks off 

Madrid -The next roundof ff 
talks on the joint use of the 
Gibraltar airstrip; originally 
scheduled to take place here 
on June 7 and 8,' has been 
postponed at Spain's request, 
the Madrid newspaper ABC 
reported : 

» -j 

• ••> . 

US pornography linked to violence 

From Christopher Thomas 
Washingtau • : 

in the 


United States is ^ 
harmful, and can ifod to vio- 
lence, according to a new 
Justice Department report 
that demands strong action 
against the pornography in- 

The findings conflict sharp- 
ly with the widely-held belief 
m America that there is no 
fink between pornographic 
material, and anti-social 
behaviour.Tbe report of a 
presidential commission .In 
1970, which has become some- 
thing of a standard text, found 
np link between i mriwgrap hy 
and violesce. 

- The new report, however, 
found --that exposure to most 
pornography “bears some 
rausafrdationsh^te foe level 
of sexual violence, sexual coer- 
cion, or unwanted sexual 
aggression”. It concluded that 
most pornography in the~US 
would be dassifed as degrad- 
ing, particutoriy to women. 

tiopship to anti^orial^iqfa of 
sexual violence and, for some 
subgroups, possibly to unlaw- 
ful acts of sexual violence,” ft 


to stock explicit . Stexature 
because of protests from com- 
manity groups. ■ 

It put violent pornography, 
radodina depictions of rape 
and sado-masochism, in a 
much more harmful category. 
“We have readied the conclu- 
sion, unanimously and ^ confi- 
dently, that tlte . mffotoMe 
evidence strongly supports foe 
hypothesis tmL: subsbfotiaI 
exposure to sexually vrSdoatr 
nafenalTBears i cansaTfela- 

The report, leaked in^ The 
New York Tima* is due to be 
published in - July. Am©ng its 
reco mm eada tio na. it calls for 
consideration .of a federal-law 
requiring a mandatory one- 
year prison, sentence for any- 
one convicted a second time on 
federal obscenity charges. 

* nenew report fopnd.strbm; . 
evidence that significant parla W 
m the pornography industry : ^ 

were directly operated on 
riosdy controBed by Cosa . t ' 
Nostra members or very- dose •> • 

associates. .>. 

The 1970 presidential re- 
pori 1 tuged efoitination tf an 
legal res&idfionS on adults 
who wished to obtain sexually 
ekpEeii books, pictures, aafo 
films. ° — 

' 4 "The evidence is unqoes- - * 

fowaMeUiat witii few excep- V c 'i 

tionsr tire obscenity laws thait ± 'c ■ 
are on the books go' anen- •. 

forced; . (Sties as few' as \ h > 

Miami amt Buffer h5_bfff 
one poifoe-oflker assigned 1 to r ’ 

roforeement of tite ^ 

tews,”ft sa j| > • 

1 * 

L.3 , ' 



Paraguay regime faces 
mounting pressure 
for return to democracy 

- ;V 

The Paraguayan regime of 
G enera l • Alfredo ■ Stroessner 
celebrated 1 75 years of nation- 
ar independence this week,' 
amid- a rising tide of anti- 
gorvemmem demonstrations 
and social conflict, 
gi General Stroessner took 
power in 1 954 after a military 
coup, and has ruled this South 
American country of 3.7 mil- 
lion people with a firm band 
ever since. 

The Stroessner Govern- 
ment has come under increas- 
ing pressure internally from 
dissident political groups, stu- 
dents, workers, members of 
his own Colorado Party and 
the US Government to bring 
back democracy. To date it 
has shown no willingness or 
need to do so. 

Paraguay and ChiJe are the 
only military dictatorships re- 

From John Enders, Asuncion 

maining in South America 
since Argentina, Uruguay. 
Brazil and Bolivia returned to 
democratic rule. 

“Slroessner’s old military 
allies have disappeared.’' said 
Sehor Waldino Ramdn Lov- 
ers. an opposition political 
leader who spent 25 years in 
exile until 1983. As General 
Stroessner and other military 
and civilian supporters 
watched the traditional mili- 
tary' parade yesterday through 
the streets of Asuncion, the 
dictator, aged 73. still ap- 
peared to be firmly in control. 

But cracks in the edifice 
could be widening. Doctors 
and nurses at the state-run 
Hospital de CJ micas, a teach- 
ing hospital, have been on 
strike for three weeks, seeking 
salary increases. 

Government repression of 
their movement and jamming 
of the only opposition radio 
station have galvanized oppo- 
nents and sparked public sen- 
timent in their favour. 

Police have surrounded and 
denied access to and from the 
hospital for five days. 

An anti-government rally 
on Wednesday was attended 
by about 750 people, even 
though the gathering was sur- 
rounded by hundreds of police 
and Colorado Party- ruffians 
shouting taunts and armed 
with clubs and braided electri- 
cal cords used in recent weeks 
against other demonstrations. 

On Wednesday, apparently 
thanks to the presence of an 
enlarged international press 
contingent, there was no vio- 
lent confrontation. 

Lima teachers clash with police 

. Lima fReuter) - More than 
150 striking schoolteachers 
clashed with riot police out- 
side the presidential palace 
here and at least four teachers 
were arrested, witnesses said. 

Helmeted riot police block-, 
ed off the main square oh 
Wednesday and wielded their 
clubs to prevent the teachers 

from getting closer than about 
20 yards from the building. 

More than 95 per cent of 
Peru’s 180.000 public school- 
teachers have been on a week- 
long strike. 

• Official held: The second 
ranking official of a Peruvian 
human rights group is being 
held as a suspected guerrilla!. 

Senora Guadalupe Ccallo- 
cunio Olano. aged 36, secre- 
tary of the Association of 
Relatives of Abducted, De- 
tained and Disappeared Peo- 
ple in the Emergency Zone, 
was being questioned to deter- 
mine if she was linked to the 
Sendero Luminoso (Shining 
Path) insurgency. 

erupts on 
30 Korean 

Seoul lAP) — There was 
violence in at least 30 nniverri- 
ues in Sooth Korea yesterday, 
three days before the sixth 
anniversary of a anti-govern- 
ment uprising at Kwangju in 
which nearly 200 people died. 

More than 3,000 students at 
the Chonnam National Uni- 
versity in Kwangju held me- 
morial services for the victims 
of the uprising. 

Afterwards (he students 
tried to march out of the 
campus, throwing stones as 
they went, but were pushed 
back by police firing tear gas, 
student sources said. Two 
students were injured but no 
arrests were reported. 

There were no immediate 
reports of injuries or arrests in 
clashes at the other universi- 
ties, 12 of them In Seoul, 
where about 5,000 students 
took part in anti -government 
activities, the You hap news 
agency said. 

On Wednesday, more than 
10.000 students at 33 universi- 
ties staged rallies, blaming the 
Government for what they call 
the “Kwangju massacre”, and 
denouncing the United States, 
which they say condoned the 
brutal suppression of the up- 
rising. The US has denied 
involvement. By government 
count, 191 people were killed 
in the uprising, which lasted 
until May 27, 1980. 

BSBgg g T7S 5g z ZT7 



«fr- 4 5 J 

> MM. 

Wk. ■ , 

- • / V- . . \ V - •»; 

-i* '* -j 

SETP!^ faiS 

Students hurli 

-Fishing dispute off Falklands 

Argentina holds 
Japanese ships 

From Graham Bound, F alkland Islands 

* V • 

daring clashes with* riot police ar Ynnser University in Seoul. 

Japan may 
use robot 
miners to 
cut costs 

Singapore (Reuter) — Min- 
ing companies in Japan have 
been so badly hurt by the 
strengthening of the yen that 
they are thinking of sending 
robot miners underground to 
cui costs. 

. Mr Masamiehi Fujimori, 
president of the Sumitomo 
Metal Mining Company, told 
a mining conference here yes- 
terday that engineers were 
working on ways to operate 
mines without men below 

”An unattended operation 
requires the construction of a 
computer control system and 
the introduction of technology 
related to mechatronics and 
robot s.“ he said. 

In Japan a few robotized 
factories already work through 
the night uixh just one com- 
puter engineer to watch over 
them. Mr Fujimori said robot 
mining was just one way 
Japan's metal companies were 
tr\ ing to save money as their 
profits fell. 

They were also trying to cut 
energy costs and move into 
businesses like biotechnology 
and chemicals. 

Each one-yen rise against 
the dollar sliced a billion yen 
(£4 million) off the industry's 
profits. It only made 42 billion 
yen in 1984. so the 80-yen rise 
since last September has 
caused unprecedented diffi- 
culties. Mr Fujimori said. 

The Argentine. Government 
appears to have embarked on 
ao increasingly aggressive pol- 
icy towards the huge interna- 
tional; fleet of vessels fish ingin 
the disputed seas around the 
Falkland Islands. lie Argen- 
tine Nayy has arrested two 
Japanese ships so far this 
season, the latest, the Chidori 
Mara, last Saturday. 

The arrests are not new, 
occurring infrequently last 
year, but more disturbingly, 
the Argentine patrol ships are 
acting with increased zeal, and 
may be prepared to enter the 
British 150-mile protection 
zone around the Falkland*. 
-_TbeJa panes? fishing execn- 
(ivc.hcised in Port 'Stanley, 3It' 
Y. Kanbe, said this week that 
theChidori Mara was stopped. 
andThe^rded. by 
inns at 45 degrees^38f minutes 
south .and' 61 ' degrees 51 
arinntes west, some 10 miles 
urtihia the protection zone. It 
was then escorted to the 
Argentine mainland, and is 
now thongbt to be in Bahia 

The zone is patrolled regu- 
larly by warships and RAF 
Hercules planes from the new 
Mount Pleasant airport, but 
the confrontation between the 
fishing vessels .and the Argen- 
tine Navy observed by 

the aircraft sent to investigate, 
possibly because of poor | 
weather conditions. 

It is Hot dear what would 
have happened had there been 
any contact between the RAF 
or the Royal Navy and the. 
Argentine ship within the 
protection zone. A military 
spokesman simply said: “We 
are not looking for confronta- 
tion with the Argentines.” 

The Second Secretary at 
Government House in Port 
Stanley said he believed the 
Japanese had given a false 
position,- and added: “There is 
no evidence to suggest there 
have been any breaches of the 
zone.” Of the Argent ini ans he 
said: “They are flexing their 
musdes-andh wanting to show 
they are controlling their 
waters,” ; ’ _ _ 

The occasional arrests may 
have a political impact if they 
continue, but the Taiwanese, 
Koreans, Japanese, Spanish, 
Polish and Russian companies 
are probably more concerned 
about catches, which are seri- 
ously down on last year. 

Environmentalists wiB wel- 
come the Argentine polking 
action. They fear that ancon- 
trolled fishing within the 150- 
mile zone aroand the 
Falklands is domg irreparable 
damage to marine and bird 

Grenada says economy 
; on road to recovery 

' Caracas (Reuter) — Mr Her- 
bert Blaize. the Prime Minis- 
ter- of Grenada, said here 
yesterday that political stabil- 
ity since the October 1983 
invasion by US and Caribbe- 
an forces had turned around 
the island* s economy. 

, “"No country can be said to 
have economic strength unless 
ii li as a "proper- political base. 
With the return of political 
f and constitutional -stability. 
Grenada has begun to reap 
benefits of all kinds,” Mr 
Blaize said. • 

? He was in Caracas to attend 
the annual meeting of the 

Ten new 
for China 

Peking (Reuter)— China's 
national airline- yesterday an- 
nounced the purchase of IQ big 
US and European passenger 
. planes . .worth S850 million 
' (£550: million), 

CAAC (Civil Aviation Ad- 
ministration of China) said it 
had ordered four Boeing 747 
aircraft, four Boe ing 7 67s and 
two European Airbus A3 10s, 
to update and expand its fleet. 

The New China News Agen- 
cy quoted a CAAC official as 
saying that the $750 million 
contract signed in March pro- 
vided for" delivery of the eight 
Boeings between February 
1987 and March 1990. 

" They will be used to ny to 
the US. Europe and Singapore 
and on some domestic routes. 

CAAC signed last week a 
$100 million contract for two 
airbuses, which are made by a 
six-nation European consor- 
tium. for delivery ro the third 
quarter of next year. 

Rapid growth of tourism land 
commercial development have 
pur pressure on China s cml 
aviation network- Total traffic 
volume was up by about 30 per 
cent last year and 11 new 
airports were opened- 
- The agency said negotia- 
tions for airoaft deals were 

still underway. 

Caribbean Development 

He said visits by cruise 
ships to Grenada had doubled 
in 1 985, and by the end of this 
year he expected an additional 
1.000 hotel rooms on the 

Besides tourism, Mr Blaize 
said agriculture “had been se- 
lected for development With 
financing from the World 
Bank, Grenada hopes to get 
away from its traditional de- 
pendence on exports of nut- 
meg. cocoa and bananas as the 
primary foreign exchange 

Taipei and 
Peking to 
talk at last 

From David Bona via 
Hong Kong 

History will be made here 
tomorrow when officials of 
the People's Republic of Chi- 
na and the Nationalist regime 
in Taiwan meet to discuss the 
return of a Taiwanese-owned 
jumbo jet recently diverted to 
the mainland by its pilot 

The Taiwanese announce- 
ment of the meeting, the first 
official contact between Tai- 
pei and Peking in 37 years.; 
was confirmed by the Hong 
Kong branch of the New 
China News .Agency, the chief 
mainland representative of- 
fice here. 

China had agreed to talks 
with Taiwanese negotiators in 
Hong Kong, but they were not 
expected to begin until Mon- 
dav. Peking then suggested 
meeting tomorrow instead, 
and Taiwan agreed. 

The Hong Kong-based Ca- 
thav Pacific airline is believed 
to "have been involved in 
contacts between the two 
sides, but will not comment. 

Observers here are speculat- 
ing about whether the pragma- 
tism that China and Taiwan 
have shown over this matter 
may be reflected, in further 
contacts. . 

Today London, Tokyo and New York are the 
three capital cities of the world's financial market. 

But why London? _ 

Certainly it helps that London speaks the 
language of international business. 

So does the fact that London is open for 
business when New York and Tokyo are closed. 

But it has even more to do w-ith the skills 
and the success of financial businesses and financial 
institutions such as The Stock Exchange. 

These qualities have proved their worth for 
— i mam’ years. 

Members of The- Stock Exchange channel 
billions of pounds of investment into industry Directly 
and indirecily The Stock Exchange is respoffsiljit-'iijf" 

millions of jobs. 

But as the securities industry becomes more 
international, its contribution will be greater still. 

It will earn more foreign currency for Britain. 
By doing more foreign business. 

New technology will make il possible for 
markets in one countn to trade in a no! her country's 
shares - a growing business, as overseas investors, 
especially in the USA and Japan, seek iroc-sl merits 

outside I heir domestic markets. 

T^.nd Mion. international connections between 
— conTj idler sysieiT7> will enable dealers Ijased in a single 
-e c - nt r e l eAra-ge-alk-round the world and right round 
-the dock. 

h ? true that these developments expose The 
Stock Exchange to J lie full blast of competition from 
other linuueiai centres. 

Bui we prefer to look at il another way 

And say that these developments expose 
Other financial centres to the full bias! of competition 
1 rom The S!.< »ck Exchange. p- — 


London - Belfast • Birmingham ■ Bristol • Dublin ■ Glasgow ■ Leeds - Liverpool - MaiicheSler ■ "Newcastle 



Against Time will be the 

global coordination, 

with millions of runners 

on the move at one time. 

l^Alan Franks visits Sport Aid’s offices in 

' c London, nerve centre of the week’s events 

From Bolton to Bangkok, die track 
suits will be coming out a week on 
Sunday. In 1.7$ - cities in -54 - 
countries, joggers will be helping. 

- .to raise money for .the starving of 
'.Africa. Band Aid has pot' on its 

-running shoes. 

The global Jog, called the Race 
Against Time, starts simulta- 
neously all over the world and will 
’be the climax of a week of sports 

- -events of all kinds organized by 
Sport Aid, a group funded jointly 

.' by the Band Aid Trust and the 
'-United Nations Children's Fund, 

The week begins today when a 
'lone African runner lights an 
Olympic torch at a relief camp in 
the' Sudan and sets off for a trek by 
-air and foot to the United Nations 
.building via 12 major' European 
; ' cities. At the UN, where he will be 
' Joined by Band Aid organizer Bob 
. Geldof, he will light a flame — the 
' starting gun for runners all over 
'the world. 

It will be 3am in Brisbane, 10am 
in New York. 4pm in London and 
7pm in Abn JDhabi. International 
athletes will line up alongside 
thousands who have never run 
-seriously in their lives. Jn Chad it 
-is too hot to run, so they will be 

- route marching In aid of their 
neighbour. Sudan. But the presi- 

.dent of Burkino Faso, Thomas . 

' Sankara, is allowing no shirking. 

. He is organizing . the race in 
Ouagadougou personally and has. 
persuaded many ministers to ran - 
with him. In Reykjavik the final- 
ists from the Miss Iceland Beauty 
Contest will be with him in spirit 
' as they show their running legs. 

Most participants will content 
themselves with a gentle 10 
kilometres jog. But in Ireland, the 
Kerry Mountain rescue team will 
be running up and down the 
3,414ft Carrantouhil mountain. . 

t Hillary's base* campion Mount 14 
Everest in a bid to break, the record 
.pjflpre days^tf$.Jfojns,? ai 'te&i 

Birt the weaJt aeedhot worry.” 1 
' “If yon don't wanr-to ran the whole 
way. just do part of it — or walk it 
: — or just run around your living 
room". Bob Geldof says. “The 
■’important thing is that everybody 
in the world is moving at the same 
• moment, as a symbol of what the 
people of the world can do when 
they join together." 

"W 1 T aik through the im- 
- Ay posing front of Wel- 
• W W - lingion House in 
Waterloo Road, 
.take a sharp left- 
hand turn, and you find yourself 
in the midst of an improbable 
scene, much as you would if you 
strayed into Dr Who's police oox. 

There are foreign men in smart 
suits gesturing furiously across the 
language barrier, impeccable 
young girls speaking Sloanity into 
the telephones, and secretaries at 
the end of their tether on a crossed 
line to Bangkok. The languages are 
at times so many and varied that a 
stroll through these premises is 
like whirring the tuning knob 
through - a crowded long-wave 

This is the headquarters of 
Sport Aid. a creature which has 
become so vasi and multi -direc- 
tional that it is difficult to describe 
in a phrase. Perhaps it is best 
defined as an athletic counterpart 
to the fund (and consciousness) 
raising efforts of Bob Geldofs 
Band Aid last year. Instead of a 
rock concert at Wembley, the 
affair will culminate in the Race 
Against Time in London on May 
25. with more than 10,000 en- 
trants expected, and millions 
more in countries across the 

In the UK-an “Ultimate Cricket . 
Match" is planned. Iri which a 
Rest of the World team will try — 
probably in vain — to avenge 
England’s recent Caribbean col- 
lapse by taking on the West Indies 
in a one-day fixture, an ice-skating 
gala with Torvill and Dean, and an 
international rugby sevens tourna- 
ment with sides from New Zea- 
land. Australia. Romania, Fiance, 
England, Scotland. Ireland and 

Since xhe inception of Sport Aid 
Oh&larch. 5 it^;.organizati'qp .has. '. 
attracted 'the labours-of,45- mostly- . 

between nothing and not very- 
much. According „tq the current... 

Aig is being seen- retrospectively, 
as a- 100-yard dash; while Sport • 
Aid represents just the start of a 
marathon programme of aid for 

With one day to go until the 
African runner sets off with bis 
flaming torch, the premises, with 
their white lighting and chirping 
phones, have taken on the charac- 

\V s 

ter of an advertising agency or 
alternative magazine. "Run the 
World" T-shirts embrace torsos of 
every shape, and wall charts with 
lists of foreign cities rise behind 
the desks. 

One of the roles which Sport 
Aid views as crucial is that of 
pressurizing governments into 
raising their long-term levels of 
aid to Africa. An irony is that 
although this is not Geldofs baby 
in the same way as its predecessor, 
it was at least indirectly inspired 
by him. and his shadow still 
bestrides the newer venture, so 
that the two are often confused in 
the public mind. 

“Sain! Bob" is closely involved 
with the goings-on at Waterloo 
Road — . understandably, since 
Band Aid will be receiving half the 
proceeds of the coming week, as 
will ' Unicef. Quite what ■ those 
proceeds will be. however, is a 
subject remarkably void of specu- 
lation. Perhaps this is because 
July's Live Aid concert shattered 
all expectations by raising $100 
million. Neither James Grant 

executive director Of Unioef nor 
Chris Long, chairman of Sport 
Aid. is making any predictions. 
They have good reason to with- 
hold their forecasts, for even at 
this late stage' many-eountries are 
only just completing their .esti- 
mates of bow many win take part 
in the runs, On Monday the office 
grew ecstatic with the news that 
Thailand had just confirmed that 
it would have five million racers. 

S port Aid’s chief press 
officer, Nick Cater, says a 
few hundred million dol- 
lars would do. He is in 
many ways typical of the 
Waterloo workforce. He is a 30- 
year-old journalist using his holi- 
day entitlement to do the job. The 
telephones appear to. be growing 
out of his desk top, and he is 
caught perpetually between “see- 
ing Greece" — by which he- means 
meeting the delegation from Ath- 
ens patiently waiting for -him 
across the open-plan room — and 
promising the BBC World Service 
an interview deadline which he 
probably won’t manage. 

Cato- reckons that he and his 
"colleagues will be working any- 
thing up to an 18-hour day during 
the coming week. By the colour of 
his face, a pallor born of zeal, it 
looks as though this has been his 
own regime for a month. - 
As a specialist in - Sudanese 
affairs, he is unapologetic about 
his motives for helping Sport Aid: 
“We. I mean the European 
countries, are by far the worst 
personae In all this. If people like 
us don't do something positive to 
help, then we can't expect the 
movement to be taken seriously." 

Then comes another snatch of 
that evangelism which has charac- 
terized the. various Aids ever since 
Geldof began his proselytizing: 
“People have to carry on the torch 
that we're lighting .across the 

- Most of his co-workers are 

- drawn from a net of “friends of 
friends". One such is Vanessa 
Boeye, a soignfe young woman 
with a background in publishing 
and PR. She is doing her bit for 
Sport Aid with not much idea of 

wa vswater 




Trie distance, six miles, is lbs same 
throughout the world 


t# • * 

* Bn »ngtoFR d 


& M 


Hyde Park 1 


Half mile 

Houses of 

3am Monday 

what she -will turn to when the 
present mm at Wellington' House 
disappears at the end of next 
week. For the moment, phtian- 
- thropy is alL 

“The bastard", says Nick Cater 
(this is an affectionate reference to 
the Saint) “is always around He 
comes in here most days. lt has its 
uses, all right. For example, if 
there’s some country dragging its 
heels about money, or about 
organization, just one call from 
Bob tends to sort things out 
straight away. His role is still 
absolutely vital. He calls himself 
Everyman, by which he means. I 
suppose, that he's just Mr Average 
doing his best to son out these 
insoluble problems. In fect he 
understands the issues intimately, 
and has a better grasp than many 
of the so-called ftrofessionals." 

The really testing problem fee- 
ing the Sport Aid team at the 
moment is not SO much organizing 
the various events as the coordina- 
tion of the international television 
transmission by satellite of the 
runs on May 25. At prisent the 
network of proposed link-ups 
looks every inch as tangled and as 
prone to misadventure as the 
Southern Region terminus just up 
the road . • 

At the really bad points of the 
afternoon some of the . Sport 
Aiderssecm to be trying to shrug 
' not one but two telephone receiv- 
ere into the crook between the ear 
and the shoulder sb that the head 
hardly knows which way tojtean, • 
“Italy blaring into one ear and / 
Spain -into. the other, and each 
thinking they have got through to 
the wrong counuy. 

It is at such moments that Nick 
Cater finally nips off to see Greece 
before ft vanishes, and the World 
Service rings in an uncharacteris- 
tic lather to ask what has hap- 
pened to him. 


Among more than 800 Sports Aid 

events in Britain are: . 


45 mtefnawmai gymnasts 
(National Exhibition 
Centra. BtnanghaRO ' v- 

{RternwORat sevens .• 

cc*np8tition(CardUf} . 

May 17-2* Sport far KMk 
1 Inchidcs footbaB andSMX 

ritfing (National /• ' 

Brfw&tion Centre) , 

Mirel&Aiigfing competition: - 

- Britain v iretana V Ftesttf 
the World (Dublin) 

May Zfc Cricket match: We«t ; 

Indians v Restof the World 

» a M58S& , lHfc.-- 

Cousins, Scott Hanafton 
{National EMMbfeion Centre) 

May 24; CycSng festival: 1.100 " 
clubs taking part (Harrogate) 

May 24/25: Water testtvat 

CHotaa Pierrapont, 

Nottingham) - . 

For general event inquiries, tele- m 
phone 01-928 773% recorded mes- ^ 
sage. 0898 500500 (.R&tsyum 
charge £1 .59, but 75 par cent goes 
to the cause] 

Bab Gddof withtwo of the many 
stars helping raise foods, Tessa 
Sanderson and Poncas Goedhew 

When we take off from 
Gatwick with our daily 
service rtfs just like going back 
home.BecauseWiamiis our 
town., . V:. ; ‘ Y,’ 

Though that doesn't 
make us a local airline. Quite 
the reverse. We fly to more 
cities, in more countries in 
the Americas than any other 


But we do know Florida 
better than anyone else. 

In fact we have more 
flights in and out of Miami 
than the next eight airlines 
put together. 

: So next time youTe fly- 
ing to Miami, why not come 
home with us? 

flie wings of the Americas 



Sale of the sea link 


The Channel Tunnel 

group is going on 
the road to sell 
j its plans for the 
fixed link to a 
reluctant Britain 

L ast week Lord Pennock, 
not a man given to 
flying off the handle, 
upbraided Parliament for 
“mucking about" with the 
Channel Tunnel Bill. It was a 
strange time to choose for 
such an outburst, for the 
Channel Tunnel Group, of 
which he is chairman, is busy 
selling the project .to the 
country, using, a travelling 
.roadshow in the hope of 
“softening" opposition. Con- ' 
troversy may -not help the 

Today ihe roadshow is at 
Darlington: earlier this week. 
Manchester and Glasgow were 
visited. Future venues indude 
Merseyside. Humberside, 

I Cardiff and Bristol. The cost — 
excluding what CTG insiders 
call “the subjugation of Kent" 
— is estimated at about 

The White Paper approving 
the Channel link was easily 
carried in the Commons- .by 
208 to. 107 votes in Bebmary. 
But there is su li the hybrid Bill _ 
to approved and the CTG 
knows it cannot afford to be., 
complacent fro the roadshow 
rolls. As one of its team 
commented: “We can't rely on 
the Bill being steamrollered 
through Parliament, given the 
Government's recent track 
record for banana .skins. We 
have lo help the MPs feel 
confident they have their con- 
stituents behind them." 

The roadshow, it transpires, 
is designed to feel expecta- 
tions about contracts and . 
employment prospects — . io, 
head off aigumeiits about the 
.North-South divide -without - 
'giving any commitment. . Of. 


Possible value of tunnel work and where the orders might go 


Reinforcing steel 
Cast iron tunnel linings 
Pre-cast tunnel linings 
Cement and aggregates 
Boring machines 
Power, signalling, lighting 
Ventilation and cooling 
Shuttle rolling stock 
Electric locomotives 
Spoil removal system 
Construction plant 
Other materials 

Regions competing 
Wales. NE England. 

E Midlands, NE England 
Midlands, N England - 
Wales. SE, SW England 
E Midlands, Scotland 
Midlands, NE, SW England 
N and SW England 
Midlands, Nw England 
Midlands, NW England 
Scotland, NW England 
all areas 
all areas 

the £4 billion to be spent on 
the project, contracts of £700 
million are being proffered to 
firms north of the Watford 
gap. In the foyer of the 
conference hall; display panels 
showed . what could go 
Scotland’s way: £24 million' 
for tunnel boring machines*^, 
further £24, million on-.- a ' 
tunnel spoil- removal system, 
another £24 million on con- 
struction plant. 

B ut there can be no 
definite promises that 
ail the £700 million will 
And its way into the regions. 
Under EEC regulations, 30 per 
cent of contracts have to go 
out for European-tender. 

. . -James.. Cockburn.. CfCTs 
. project .manager,.. ...warned: 
*Tou'_have to remember (hat 
, this ' is a ' privately financed 
operation and that we are- in 
partnership with the French", 
he replied “We are responsi- 
ble to our shareholders. We 
can't give the United King- 
dom disproportionate con- 
sideration. I don't think . our 
auditors would allow it .In 
fact it may be illegal." • • 

Cockburn. a veteran 
roadshow hand who was in- 
volved in CTG's campaign to 
capture the' contract Iasi year, 
said there were four questions 
that always came up: what 
abayt rabies! how - do you 
counter terrorists? what &ould 
be ihe effect on the environ- 1 - 

ment? and how would the 
tunnel help employment? 

A Frenchman, asked what 
wouidi happen should the 
Russians use the tunnel dur- 
ing a European war, replied: 
“We would charge them 
double". But a private memo- 
randum has already gone to 
the Government about terror- 
ism. and the group has prom- 
ised 20,000 jobs — not 
necessarily new ones but work 
that can be sustained. 

The regional roadshow is 
designed to be different from 
the daily propaganda hype in 
Kent, where 250 organizations 
— from the county council to 
the Women's Institute — have 
been consulted in the past 
eight months. 

;“We are walking a 
tightrope", a CTG manager 
said. “On the one hand we 
have 'to' show confidence to 
our international backers, oth- 
erwise they may puli out. and 
on the other hand we have to 
bow to the democratic 

In Kent. 60 per cent of those 
who have- filled in a CTG 
questionnaire are against the 
link. North of Watford the 
CTG has to campaign as much 
against apathy as against, op- 
position. The "what's in it for 
us?" syndrome has to be 
countered. That is what the 
roadshow is all about 

Michael Hatfield 

; ■£> T kiwt N0mW * T»u li lt MW 


l Greek-Cypnotmove- 
mem {6) 

5 Insurance contract 

8 Wild dog (3) 

9 Fenydetails (6) 

10 Acquire (6) 

11 Narrow (4) 

12 Nicholas Blake (3 J) 
14 Fuller's plant (6) 

17 Sways (6) 

19 Encircle (8> 

22 Elevator (4) . . 

24 Not fair (6) 

25 Customer (6) 

26 Mounted 1 gunners 

27 Benched apse (6) 

28 Conundrum (b) 


■ ■ ■ ■ 


ff ■ ■ ■ 

ammamamm aum 

ammmam ”■■■■! 
■ ■ amm m ■ 

■■■■ 3IIIII 

w 7 Bell striking (7) 18 Misfortune 13.4) 

2 O degrees (5) 13 Formal rule (3) 20 Dnnksorder(5} 

3 Economics (7) Bay/*iigfu equality 21 Extremist (5) 

t 1* Tokyo palace (3> I3 . CQ * I » d * n *‘ 5 > 

,7 S^ Wmre * U 


A £?°S> 8 Anu>n ’" £ vorak 9 Aga 10 Withdrawn UAstor 13 Ho- 
22 Extremely 24 Sot 25 Mary Baker Eddv 
.DOWN: 1 Banana ’2 Stuart 3 Unawares 4 Snnch S Avid *Ar- 

i I5RFU 16 Creamy 17 Out- 
cry 18 Sneaky 20 Inside 21 Methyl 23 Elbe 


' £i 2 M 


— — .. — „ ~-.i • — * ■_ — I** - ■ — «««"•< 




Daring to stand and deliver 

It is S.30am and the delegates for a 
two-day business seminar are rads- 
1*™* * the JPSrfc Lane ttSS. 
Piccadilly. But this group is different 
trom most: it is made' up exclusively 
of women. : " ’ 

Ranging from secretaries to senior 
managers, they are here for a course 
in assertiveness training. AT — as it 
is known by the cognoscenti - is 
American m origin but over the past 
years a wide variety of courses have 
sprung up in Britain. This one, 
organized by Monadnock Interna- 
tiona], a London-based company 
specializing in management training, 
is run by Anne McQuade, and aimed 
at women in business. 

Wby do women who are doing 
well enough for their companies to 
pay £355 plus VAT for the course 
need lessons in assertiveness? “How- 
ever- well they appear to be doing,' 
women often lack confidence m 
themselves", says Ms McQuade. 
“Men have a support system that’s 
very strong. There ate far more of 
them doing senior jobs. A woman 
tends to be one of a kind. 

‘I’ve learnt the 
confidence to 
see it through’ 

Carol Haghe^ aged 29, 
secretary at Thomson 
North Sea 

“One of my 'bosses put. me 
forward for the course. It has 
been company policy that 
people should go on training 
courses and' I suppose it was 
felt that this particular course 
suited my role. Assertiveness 
is necessary if you are a 
secretary — the classic exam- 
ple is making sure no one gets 
past a secretary to a boss. But 
there are other applications, 
too. particularly if you are 
working for more than one 
person. That’s when you have 
to juggle demands because 
•you can't do everything at 
once — and I do tend tosuffer 
fi-Qm guilt feelings, ’ ’ even 
though I only have one pair of 
hands. • 

In that respect I did find the 
course useful. I'm certainly 
much more aware of bow I 
handle things now.- And it has 
also been useful out of work. 1 
had a complaint about a 
camera Td bought and I was 
able to ask myself what I really 
wanted in the situation aiid to 
decide that I did want to take 
the matter further.- The situa- 
tion is:stiH ; gozqg on. ,bui this r 
time Tve got the confidence to . 
see it through. 

The most relevant, hit of the " 
course forme was thc^part [ 
whore we'discussed the .-form 
of words you could use: in 
certain situations. That’s still 
a problem for me.. When 
something happens you may 
know you want to react asser- 
tively, but it’s not easy to find 
the right words straight away. 
Some examples came up in 
the course and I thought ‘Yes, 
that would be a good idea. I 
could say that* But I feel this 
whole area could have been 
dealt with more elaborately. 

The information I gleaned* 
hasn’t disappeared into oblivi- . 
on. but on the whole if I’d had 
to pay for the course myself I 
don’t think I would have been 

“Women often have difficulties 
dealing with people in the office, 
women as well as men. How can you 

- .be sisters under the skin and still get 
• .thr? work done?. Men ^are still not 

used u> dealing with women profes- 
. sionally. jf everyone's confused it’s 
much easier to slide back imo the okl 
roles. Women find themselves walk- 
ing on eggshells or else they are too 
aggressive. That’s why. when I ask 
what qualities people associate with 
assertiveness. I use the word warm. 

“Having the ability to intimidate 
people can be useful on some 
occasions, but it is no good asa knee- 
jerk reaction." 

The morning begins with women 
describing situations in which they 
feel the need to be more assertive: 

- being interrupted at meetings, being 
ignored over the choice of office 
equipment, -being accosted m bars 
during business trips, being automat- 
ically pigeonholed as a secretary 
although they hold a senior position. 

Although Anne steers dear of 
discussing individual problems, she 
does illustrate the point that there 

Shrinking violets in 
the office can mutate 
into climbing roses by 
taking a course in 
assertiveness for 
businesswomen. Or 
can they? Lee Rodwell 
went to find out 

are always different ways of tackling 
each case. 

“If you are the only woman at a 
board meeting and someone comes 
in with the tray of coffee and puts it 
down in front of you, you can do a 
number of things. You can poor a 
cup for everyone, resenting it like 
mad. You can refuse to pour tire 
coffee — just because you’re a 
woman doesn’t- mean yon have to 

play mum. Or you can pour yourself 
a cup and pass the tray oil." 

The course moves on from theory . 
to practice. The women are asked to 
think of a situation they feel they 
handled badly and to ask them- 
selves: Who was involved? What was 
my relationship with them? What 
did I want? What else did I want? 
What did I actually say? How? Did 
that express what I wanted? Was it 
aggressive, non-assenive, manipula- 
tive, assertive? How could 1 have 
dealt with it more assertively? 

As the course progresses, the 
women feel more comfortable with 
their ability to analyse themselves 
and to identify their needs. But 
words are still a problem. Anne 
points out the dangers — of wrapping 
a request in so much waffle that h 
can be ignored; of agonizing so much 
about consequences that you never 
ask for what you really want; of 
giving excuses when all you need to 
say is “No, I don’t want to." 

There is time m what seems to be a 
fairly rushed programme for a little 
role-playing. The women split into 

pairs, think of a fairly minor incident 
which they feel they did not handle 
well and, after explaining the set-up 
to their partner, swap roles. It is 
amazing bow easy it is to be assertive 
over someone dse’s problem: 

By the end of the course the 
women have been given quite a lot of 
theory and have bad a little chance to 
practise some of the things they have 
learnt. But how much of the informa- 
tion gleaned in the space of two days 
will stick? And was it worth the 

Anne McQuade says: “People 
learn more from each other than 
from anything I say or from any of 
the handouts. When they really learn 
is next week, next month, when they 
start to put some of these theories 
into practice- On a course like this, 
you can’t tell people what to da But 
you can show them they can choose 
what to do. If they recognize this 
then they will go on learning" 

A month after the course 1 asked 
four of the women who had taken 
part whether they had found the 
experience valuable. 


Jpggfing demands: Carol Haghes 

Not frightened to complam: Karen Shaw 

question the 

Questioning her aggression: Lilian Masterman 

pick up something Perhaps 
ihejhain -thing that tii&course 
has^OT^ -has helped-me to;^ 
question, the way I read 
-There. was .no doubt in my. 

h Was. already*- 
-asseravc^.' possibly aggressive. 
Now I tend to ask myself ‘Is 
this assertive or is it. 

To an extent the course has 
helped outside work. You 
■ learn that you ha ve the right to 
say T am not going to do that’ 
or T am going to do that’ and 
not wrap h up on a personal 
level. You might have known 
that before but going on the 
course focuses your mind and 
gives you reinforceroent - 

On the whole, though, I felt 
there wasn't enough new ma- 
terial for someone of my age 
and experience. I was going on 
a second course but I nave 
withdrawn from it." 

Stimulating training: Sue Ahern 

''-Lilian MastenuaiLaged 

44, senior principal officer 
with the DHSS 

“I chose to go on the course in 
the belief that it would be 
work-orientated. I knew it was 
a course just for women, but 
with hindsight I think it would 
have been more helpful if 
there had been some male 
reaction to some of the issues 
raised- 1 also felt that it tended 
to deal with micro 
rriale/femalerelati onships and 
not the kiridof situations I was 
interested in. as a* relatively 
senior manager. 

Of course, as with aO 
courses of this kind you do 

‘Now I don’t 
suffer the 
: bores lightly’ 

Sue Ahern, aged 31, senior 
instructor, BBC Local 
Radio Training Unit 

“I went on the course as part 
of my research into whether or 
not we needed these kind of 
courses in local radio, and 
came to the conclusion that 
we do. It stimulated me a lot. 
Since then I have been on a 
couple of other courses, one of 
which was good and one 
which wasnX so I do have 
some way of comparing 

Before I took the course I 
had a fairly good idea of what I 
was letting myself in for and I 
didn’t expect it to relate 

simply , to business^ but ' 
thought- it would be about 
persophliigtlEvetppment, as it 
was. I think it was a good idea 
to go back to your, personal., 
fife. If you can'hamfie-ihaL 
you can handle your business 

The reaction in my office to 
the course was interesting. 
Some had the idea that asser- 
tiveness courses would be foil 
of lesbians or Greenham 
Common-type women. Oth- 
ers asked what on earth I 
needed assertiveness training 
for. But by tire end of the 
course I realized I wasn’t as 
assertive as 1 thought 1 was. 

Certainly my boredom 
threshold is lower as far as 
being ranted at at work by 
people who have no interest in 
you in a work situation. I 
don't suffer bores lightly 

‘I seem to be 
taking charge 
of things’ 

Karen Shaw, aged 23, 
secretary at TimepJex 

“My boss suggested that I 
went on the course and at the 
time I was a bh dubious. I 
wondered what all the other 
women were there for - they 
all seemed terribly assertive 
and I felt rather young and 
silly in comparison. At first I 
felt 1 wasn't being told any- 
thing I didn't know. It was just 
somebody putting it all into 

But now I feel it was very 
good. I feel more confident in 
myself and this has given me 
the confidence to make deri- 
sions at work and stand bv 
them. Yet at the same time I 
feel I*m not frightened to 
change my mind about things 
if there are good reasons 
In the past at work I have 
feh very resentful about other 
managers assuming that I 
would stand in for others who 
were away. I’ve done what 
they wanted, but I’ve com- 
plained to ray boss that they 
were putting on me again. 
Now I am able to say that it's 
not really my job and they 
have said OK. And they seem 
•to respect you more for stand- 
ing up„for yoiirself. My boss 
has said ’that I seem to be* 
taking -charge of things more 
and that I'm now .able to get 
things done by talking to other 
people instead of him.. 

Being able to be assertive 
has made a difference. In the 
past I tended to be non- 
assenive or else I would get 
very aggressive. The most 
useful part of the course was 
being able to change roles and 
practise dialogue, so you could 
try out the different kinds of 
things you could say. One of 
the things I re-enacted was an 
incident I'd had parking my 
car. When I realized how 
uptight I'd been I just had to 

I just hope none of the 
things I learnt go to waste." 
© Ttatm Nwnpapm IM. 19M 


to be WOn to Omnwltabo Jones 

In the Cannes 

Cannes in spring is the 
film festival, but in the 
Eighties movie moguls 
are feeling the financial 
pinch. Has Cannes lost 
its shine? Even the boats 
in the bay are getting 

The case for an 
alternative cure 

When children are 
sick, should we 

take them to the 

doctor, or call 

in a homoeopath? 

Thinly-veiled fat fears 


Can you always get your copy of The Times? 




of several hundred exceptionally 
fine and meefium quait& handmade 


rugs and runners... 

and othersfrom the more important weaving certres ofthe East Inducted are many 
antiaues. sfts, kfifirrt* nomacfics and other unusual items* not genera&ytobe 
' kxindonlbehofnemartet 

This merchandise is the property of a number of principal direct hnportBreinthe U.fC. 
uiHch has been cleared horn H.M', Customs & Excise bond, to be dtepoeed ri m nominal or 
ronssen« for inrneefete cash realisation. 

Eweiy ton guaranteed authentic: Bqaett advice auaHable at time of weiring. 

: Tb&etfarefenBdfram tondedyaBhou^s aid offered at the: 



ON SUNDAY 18th MAY at 3pm. 

fJej^^Amae^BiiBCoe&Panners Lai. tWMQNmBona Street, tendon wet, .fet- OW834S7a 

As anorexia is the medical 
term for a loss of appetite, 
anorexia nervosa is an maccu- 
ratefy-named disease: the suf- 
ferers are not refusing food 
from any loss of appetite but 
from a distorted view of their 
own body image. However 
thin they are, they see them- 
selves as fat and have a 
morbid fear of putting on 
weight It is an increasingly 
common disease of civiliza- 
tion. more frequent in the 
upper social classes, rare in the 
underdeveloped world. 

Although the disease is cen- 
turies old. the increase is 
sometimes blamed on the 
breakdown of family life, cou- 
pled with the influence of 
television, . particularly .the 
commercials with beautiful 
women presiding over an 
ever-happy home. 

Anorexia usually starts in 
adolescence, and affects 10 
times more women than 
men.In a physical disease, 
diagnosis can be made with 
certainty: a patient either has 
measles or he hasn’t In . 
chiatry it is never so sinipli 
especially with anorexia 
nervosa where the condition 
can vary in severity and can be 
periodic. It can range from 
gross wasting, when the wom- 
an weighs as litUe'as five or six 
stones and may be in mortal 
danger; to the loss of a stone or 
two in a patient who is 
obsessed by food, fears weight 
gain, but is otherwise ; fit 
Whatever the severity of the 
case, the patient nearly always 
feels that nothing is wrong 
with her health, and will go to 
considerable lengths to hide 
any disability. 

The patients, although they 
will not eat themselves, are 
nearly always excellent cooks: 
their kitchen cupboards are 
packed with delicacies for the 
rest of the family, their book- 
shelves filled with books on. 
cookery and obscure diets. 

Some reconcile their food 
obsession and fear of gaining 




weight by forcing themselves 
to vomit after a large meal; not 
unnaturally they are exces- 
sively sensitive, and often 
dishonest, about their habits 
so that the practice, bulaemia, 
presents a considerable diag- 
nostic problem to the doctor. 

Determining the underlying 
causes of the disease is diffi- 
cult. The favoured view in- 
cludes problems in coming to 
terms with adult life, a failure 
to reconcile the imperfections 
of parents, a lack of under- 
standing of the compromises 
-which have to be made in 
family and social circles; in 
short a failure to mature. 

In very severe cases it may 
be necessary to separate the 
patient from the pressures of 
her daily round, but in the 
milder cases the crisis passes, 
the patient gains some weight 
and resumes a social life, 
despi te continuing to be a food 

Glimmer of hope 

Recent reports 
^ from Africa 
suggest that 
Aids will kill 
as many people 
worldwide as 
died on the bat- 
tlefields of the Western Front, 
if not more, and that the only 
protection from it, short of a 
major pharmaceutical break- 
through, will be a radical 
change in lifestyle. Doctors 
reman) pessimistic about find- 
ing an effective vaccine. 

WeUconte’s share price 
jumped 15 per cent when The 
Lancet reported on the first 
phase ofthe toxicity trials of a 
new drug, AZT, to treat Aids. 
Wellcome 1 has now started 
stage, two of its studies, the 
results of which are not ex- 

pected until the end of the 
year. The foundation describes 
the results so far as offering 
hope of some modest advance 
lu its treatment, but no more. 

The good news is that for 
the first time since the epidem- 
ic started, numbers in America 
failed to doable last yean the 
increase was 85 per cent. The 
bad news is that a repot hi the 
Journal of the American Medi- 
cal Association confirms the 
suggestion from other studies 
that the virus Is spreading to 
heterosexuals who are neither 
haemophiliacs nor drug 

Typically tropical 

In the fun-lov- 
ing pop world, 
it is no longer 
fashionable to 
lose too much 
weight too fast, 
so it came as 
no surprise that Boy George's 
agents were quick to explain 
that their star's change in 
appearance has an acceptable 
cause. Sot Aids, the headline 
assured the world, but a rare 
tropical disease, or, in some 
reports, a killer tropical virus. 

The rare disease was amoe- 
bic dysentery, due not to a 
virus but a protozoa, which 
infests half the Third World. A 
severe attack of intestinal am- 
oebiasis gives rise to abscesses 
in the wall of the colon and 
subsequent profuse. Moody 

Travellers who contract the 
disease suffer no more than 
colicky pain with intermittent 
diarrhoea and constipation. 
But untreated intestinal amoe- 
bias is can spread to the liver, 
lungs or heart. After replacing 
lost blood and fluid, treatment 
is with metronidazole (Flagyl), 
sometimes used in combina- 
tion with other drugs. 

■ . Dr Thomas- 

This week, a British Medical 
Association report dismissed 
unconventional ways of heal- 
ing, including the royally- 
patronized doctrine of 
homoeopathy, as having “no 
rational basis”. It admitted, 
with Olympian disdain, the 
“placebo effect’’ of 
homoeopathic medicine: the 
faith that patients have in 
their doctors, and the “im- 
pressive appearance and dos- 
age regimen ofthe medicine". 

Homoeopaths generally 
counter this by asking why, if 
it is all in the mind, their 
medicine works on babies 
and even animals? Every 
parent knows the dilemma of 
the child with an ear or throat 
infection; every GP knows 
the temptation to prescribe 
antibiotics in borderline 
cases, simply to ease the 
tensions and difficulties of 
parent and fretful child. But 
you do not have to be an 
eccentric to worry about the 
effect of bombarding such a 
small, undeveloped body 
with drugs. We ask a lot of 
science today, and although it 
certainly saves young lives, it 
is possible, considering how 
we over-medicate ourselves, 
that we are doing the same to 
our children. 

Dr June Burger is 
paediatrican at the Royal 
Homoeopathic Hospital in 
London — one of five such 
hospitals within the NHS - 
and was a qualified specialist 
long before she knew any- 
thing of homoeopathy, ft was 
only when one of her four 
children was born with 
Down's syndrome that she 
visited the Camphill school 
for handicapped children in 
Scotland and was alerted to 
its possibilities in her field. ■ 



‘A patient is more 
than biochemistry’ 

“The children looked ex- 
traordinarily well, in spite of 
the terrible things wrong with 
them", she says. “I asked 
about their . medication and 
was told that everything Was 
prepared homoeopathically. 
So when 1. came back to 
London I took a course." 

She was sceptical at first 
It took a lot to convince me, 
especially of the principle of 
minimal doses; the idea that 
with homoeopathic medi- 
cines a tiny amount actually 
does more than a double 

What then, did convince 
her? “Experience. Seeing the 
cures — especially with tonsil- 
litis. ear infections, chronic 
catarrh and most diseases of 
the upper respiratory tract 
We've had children who've 
been on eight different antibi- 
otics in six months and 
whose problems keep coming 
back — but they've been 


cured by homoeopathic med- fp 
icines. and without side- >4 
effects “ . a t 

June Burger is still a quali- 
fied doctor of conventional 
medicine, and will prescribe a ^ 
normal antibiotic “in an 4. 
emergency". She refuses to 
issue blanket condemnations j n 
of tonsillectomy, adenoid re- ,4 
moval and child vaccinations j n 
tunlike some homoeopaths). p_ 
“1 do not think that tne two 
forms of medicine need be m 
incompatible", she says firm- 
ly. “All the best doctors, /e 
especially in ENT, now con- K 
cede that antibiotics should ,4 
be used with great discretion. .4 
And I find young medical Lj- 
students are now wonderfully 
open to the idea of 

Some of those ideas 
present a stumbling block, , s 
even to the willing layman. ' ‘ 
Dr Samuel Hahnemann's jj y 


Tt is regarded as a - 
failure to be ill’ 

first homoeopathic principle, 
formulated in the 18th centu- 
ry. of “treating like with like" 
(using tiny quantities of sub- 
stances which in a healthy ip 
person would produce the 
actual symptoms of the dis- J 
ease) is not too hard to a 
accept. The second principle. * 
that of minimal doses, 
sounds reassuringly harm- v 
less. But there is an alienating * 
weirdness about the third, 
that of treating “the whole » 
individual, with consider- * 
ation of his basic 

In a homoeopathy text- « 
book you may find, for 
example, that Lycopodium 
ciavaium is “good for pains 
which go from left to right, *■ 
particularly in people who are 
intense, conscientious, and of 
keen intellect, but who never- * 
tireless feel insecure". 

“A patient is more than the * 
sum of his biochemistry", Dr * 
Burger explains. “If a child is £ 
ill, I ask a lot of things: has « 
her character changed, is she * 
clingy, weepy or withdrawn?" ” 
But would the doctor really « 
go so for as to prescribe two 
totally different substances * 
for children with identical r 
physical symptoms, accord- 
ing to the child’s character? 

“Yes. Modern teaching di- 
reels us towards fast ^uppres- ZL 
’•sion-df symptoms. THiris not 
' trtfe’ healing, and is 'rarely : 
permanent Healing .comes : 
from within the individual. • 

But in tire case of children, it 
takes an extra degree of care." 

It is on the question of care 
that Dr Burger is most elo- 
quent. “I regard a child as a 
developing organism. Today 
it is regarded as a failure to be 
ill. but illness is, and always 
has been, a pan of human 
life: perhaps some of the 
childhood fevers are even a 
pan of development A sore 
throat should be a reason for 
a week off school to get better. ^ 

A child should not just be A 
given a pill and shoved 9 

Libby Purves 

©Tima Ncnpopm Lld| 1986 

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Delegates to the -Scottish . Tory 
conference at Perth yesterday were 
left wondering whether Lord 
Young, •' the ■ Employment Sec- 
retary, had paid .too much atten- 
tion to the party's advice . to 
speakers, which I reproduced yes^ 
terday: “Make good use of 
pauses.” In the middle of a deadly 
speed] on unemployment, deliv- 
ered apparently without notes, he 
dried up for nearly 15 seconds. 
The culprit turned out to be an 
assistant to image-maker Harvey 
Thomas who forgot to feed the 
invisible teleprompter from which 
he was surreptitiously reading. 
“My concentration lapsed." she 

Hard pressed 

The Penh conference is buzzing 
with a reported conversation in 
the: Tory inner sanctum. Mrs 
Thatcher “Jeffrey, what would 
you do after this job?" Jeffrey 
Archer “Captain the English 
cricket team. What about you?" 
Mrs T: "Become a newspaper 
editor." Archer “Which one?" 
Mrs T: “All of them, of course." 

In a daze 

Consternation in the art world. 
The Royal Academy- has sent out 
invitations for a Summer * Ex- 
hibition private vie won a date 
that does not exist: Wednesday. 
May 29. The 28th falls on a 
Wednesday and. as surely as night 
follows day. the 29th on a Thurs- 
day. The RA is suitably embar- 
rassed about the gaffe, so I shall 
save it the cost of a re-issue: 
Wednesday May 28 is the view for 
exhibitors and serious buyers; 
Thursday for the academy's Coun- 
try Friends and Friday for London 
Friends. I still predict an odd mix- 
ture of guests on the first two days. 

House white 

The Cape wine flowed freely while 
a South African embassy official 
smoothly told Scottish Tories in 
Perth that his country was moving 
away from apartheid. It took the 
flamboyant local MP. Nicholas 
Fairtxtim. to get to the heart of the 
matter. “One man one vote is 
idiotic." he told the fringe meet- 
ing."^ last week didn't convince 
you of that, nothing will.'* 

• The Tory most embarrassed by' 
the Scottish Federation of Conser- 
vative Students* “legalize incest" - 
call? Scottish party- chairman 
JainesGoold. Hisson.WfrhaeLTs' 
the federation's rice-chdfrto&h.'' ’• - v *| 


The' Tory’' prospective' candfdafe* !• 
who rushed to the- press office .'at- 
Perth yesterday to discover the 
party line on shipyard closures 
will soon pick up the technique. 
“There isn't one." he was told. 
“You mean just stonewall?” he 
asked. "Yes'* 


•Neville sees it as a growing 
nostalgia for the Seventies 1 

No quarter 

Being something of a literary naif. 
I am surprised to learn, if be- 
latedly . that The Cambridge Quar- 
terly these days is not quarterly at 
all but comes oul three times a 
year. It is also not particularly 
Cambridge, being published by 
the.OUP at The Other Place. But 
this, is nothing; apparently The 
Classical Quarterly only sees the 
light of day twice yearly, while The 
Quarterly Journal of Medicine has 
gone berserk by hitting the stands 
every four weeks. I know ihat the 
Encyclopaedia Britanntca lives in 
Chicago, that London Bridge went 
to Arizona and that US publishers 
are' after the Oxford Dictionary, 
but 1 had no idea our periodicals 
had; been so afflicted with tem- 
poral dislocation. Leavis. whose 
students were among the founders 
ef The Cambridge Quarterly, was 
never as misleading as this. 

; May-poll 

! The weather has become a polili- 
! cal issue, and a silly little storm 
| about the timing of the May Day- 
bank holiday has been started by a 
• shower of u’rtwei Tories. The first 
! drops fell when Jim Spicer, whose 
, West Dorset constituency’ takes in 
> Tal puddle, pul down an early-day 
motion urging an abandonment of 
: May Day - associated in the pub- 
lic mind with leftist rallies and all 
that — in favour of an extra day 
off at the Spring bank holiday. 

! Three of his colleagues think 
differently. In an amendment they 
say that because the weather on 
■ May Day is unfailingly wet and 
' cold . it should be retained as a 
warning of the grim austerities of 
socialism. Spicer's motion has 
meanwhile run into a cold front 
attracting only 39 signatures. - 



Tonight the Iron Lady is set to 
pander. A little to nationalism and , 
regionalism, perhaps a little also to 
collectivism. The .Prime Minister 
will praise George Younger. For- 
mer Scottish Secretary, and pat 
Malcolm Rifkind, bis successor. 
So doing, she will endorse a brand 
of Conservative government 
north of the border that has been 
called Keynesianism elsewhere. 

The relatively high levels of per 
capita public spending in Scot- 
land. big in ftastnicture pro- 
grammes. the interventionism of 
the Scottish Development Agency . 
and the paternalism of the High- 
lands and Islands . Development 
Board mean that government^ V 
the Scottish Office— is omni- 
present in Scottish life. ■' 
Thatcherism slops at: the Tweed. " 
And if it can be stopped there, 
some are asking, why not at the 
Tyne and the Mersey? 

Few Scottish Tories would rec- 
ognize the label of collectivism 
upon- their political clothes. They 
applauded warmly on Wednesday 
when their president, lain 
McCrone, laid out the standard 
line that autonomous economic 
regeneration will, eventually, 
transform Scotland. 

Moreover, in the past three 
years, the' Scots* have staged the 
nearest thingBritaih has had to a' ' 
tax revolt.' Their clamour over . ' 
rates and property . revaluation 
pushed the government into 
financial reform. It might be 
supposed that the keenness of 
their antagonism towards prop- 
erty taxes would be the surest 
evidence of Thalcherite senti- 
ment. The reality, however, is 
rather different Opposition to 
higher rates has not been 
accompanied by a rejection of the 
fruits of high levels of public 
spending. It was a choice irony of 
last week's' election that the 1 one 
local issue thaf may have .'tipped ■' 
the balance in the Lothian region ; 
around- Edinburgh -was- a big ~ 

David Walker measures the gulf between 
— Thatcherite rhetoric and Scottish reality 

Blank cheque: 
the new-style 

infrastructure project -a . : new ■ 
road* The Tories wanted-10;buiid ■ 
it Labour opportunistically got 
the benefit from opposing it. 

The problems feeing Mrs 
Thatcher in her council of war 
with Sir James Gooid and other 
grandees today is that despite the 
accommodations made with coll- 
ectivism north of the border, 
Scottish Tories still lose elections. 

It is difficult to exaggerate the 
sense of rejection felt as.a result of 
regional, elections. Front the Bor- 
ders to Balmoral,. Gpnse „ 
have been expelled from power in 
local government, .and- pot just jtr 
the cities. Rural Scotland. defereiK _ 
tia’I and aristocratic still, is no . 
longer loyal, : m r 

It does not lake much - 
arithmetic to extrapolate the 
municipal voting figures into par- 
liamentary constituencies, and see 
such distinguished names as 
George Younger and Alex 
Fletcher in considerable danger. 
The trends that led to defeat are 
meanwhile accelerating 

On one side Labour's organiza- 
tional capacity is good. The talk at : 
Perth has been about. Tory party 
money and machinery,, both, in -a • 
bad way: Worse.:tlie. Conservative . 
party in Scotland fs .greying. The 
representatives gathered m Perth ; 

are old. More than one speaker has: 
bemoaned the feet that the re- 
gional elections saw the bulk of 
younger voters going Labour. And 
where is the Conservatives' youth 
wing? All it can offer, in ihe words 
of the chairman of Lothian's Tory 
group. Brian Meek, are “crew- 
cropped specimens" of the libera- 
tionism Federation of Conservative 

Scottish Labour is moderation, 
personified. Not one MPhas been 
deselected. The few militants there'Edrnhurgh,. were pushed 
oui.oflhe - council leadership on 
Tuesday.Jiight- 1 .. 

As. for other - problems: struc- 
tural economic change has pushed - 
up Scotland's unemployment 
apace, despite considerable suc- 
cess in economic adaptation. The 
first day of the conference was 
dominated by shipyard closures. 
The Scots still have a tendency to 
blame economic decline in the old 
staples of steel, shipbuilding and 
coal on unfair competition from 
England. Labour, promising big 
investment. . and the Scottish 
Nationalists, promising ven- 
geance,, can ^onJy capitalize.. The . 
slump., in oil will; make things 
worse: • • 

the government's .options 
Scotland ■miuor^hs. choices for 

Britain at large, btu In- acuta .{ocm, 
There are ways in which 'money- 
could be smuggled into service 
budgets. But benefiting Scotland 
in this way raises the issue of 
territorial justice. 

John MacGregor speared him- 
self in front of the Scots on 
Wednesday. He went through a 
great list. Unprecedented spend- 
ing on road building and mainte- 
nance. Forty-two new hospitals. 
Spending per pupil at an all-time 
high.- Extensive Scottish Develop- 
ment Agpncy programmes. In 
which case fa; Treasu ry question 
for a Treasury minister) -why does 
Scotland need yet mbrc?-Sfcdtiand. 
MacGregor Said, is how one of the ; 

- most; prosperous'; parts -of the 
_■ UK — which is bome-tout by -the 

regional figures. If So; there is less 
of a case for existing levels of 
Scottish public spending, lei alone 

A second option is to spend no 
more but talk more about it This 
was the line adopted by ministers 
in Penh. But it makes for strange 
arguments against Labour and 
opposing parties: something along 
the lines of . "We are .better , 
spenders of public money than 
you". Labour, centrally and lo- 
cally .'in Scotland, does- it more 

- enthusiastically and liberally. ; 

Perhaps -in parts -of England - 

- there is a third Thatcherite opti om ■ 
diminishing the role of public 
outlays and focusing on privately 
generated economic progress, 
both in terms of new sources of 
employment and earnings. It is a 
more difficult message to carry in 
Scotland, especially if you are the 
MP for Ayr and the Troon ship- 
yard has just dosed. None of the 
Scottish Conservatives making 
speeches this week .- has been 

. tempted by it. 

Scottish Conservatism is appar-7 
. ently proud .Of' publjc' spending, 

: proud of government intervention r 
... in the economy. Yet toni^tfit will- 
flcetmgly '-receive ■ the. - Prime ' 

• Minister's blessing. • 

Nicholas Bethell urges a tougher response to East bloc censorship 

This correspondence is closed 

Amid Chernobyl's fire and fury, 
East-West dialogue continues al- 
most unobserved in Switzerland. . 
where ambassadors of the 135 _ 
states • that are -signatories .of the . ' 
Helsinki agreement are .trying to ; - 
improve human contact between . . 
our peoples. Progress in the talks, 
which will be debated in the 
House of Lords today, has for a 
month been hamstrung by a 
difference of view on what East- 
West contacts ought to exist, even 
what “human contact" means. 

The Western concern is to make 
it easier for the individual to 
communicate and move across 
Europe's great divide - the con-, 
cession supposedly agreed by ! 
Moscow 5 in thle : .“Bask^?ThjeeC; 

mulated at detente s high point in 

1 97X, Swliy^. the ■ w^eqcrsprg-.,.. 

sentatiyes tjrBenrbayp a dismaJ:.' 

workings.:"" - V*'.: 

The latest piece of hard ev- 
idence lies in figures made avail- 
able by the BBC External Services. 
BBC broadcasts in local languages 
have been a feature of East . 
European life since the last war. 
Visiting the Soviet bloc, one rarely 
meets anyone who is not the 
BBC's fond admirer. Evidence 
provided by the Polish section ‘ 
reveals that attitude strikingly. 

In 1982.- the year of martial law, . 
the BBC received only-69Cr reriers - 
from listeners in Poland. In. I983, ; ■ 
when mania] 1aw-was"relaxed.-ihe 
figure rose io 4.T5 I. Today Polish • 
official censorship of mail is even 
gentler (although jamming of BBC 
programmes continues unabated) 
and 1.000 letters from Poland 
reach Bush House every month- . . 

It shows how uniquely privi- 
leged the Polish people are in this 
one respect — human contact with 
the West. They are poverty- 
stricken. Sugar is rationed and 
toilet paper almost unobtainable. 
But so far as writing letters abroad 
is concerned.' the government 
treats them almost normally. . 

The contrast between Poland . 
and the rest of the Soviet bloc is . ' 
alarming. The total In umber of 
letters reaching the BBC from the • 
Soviet Union last year was a mere 
52: from Bulgaria 35 and Romania 
37. The deterioration since 1979. 
the year of the Afghanistan inva- 
sion. is significant. In 1979 the 
figures were 242 from Russia. 57 

from Bulgaria and 313 from 

It may be that the Poles, the 
most Western orientated and least . 
terrorized of all .East. Europea ns t 
writfiTjtefri'ok -inters to ihc BBO -: 
in a^- ~ 

evidence indicates tha* aduk-So- — 
viet bloc citizens, especially young 
peopfe! write in large nu^b^feui/i 


confiscated’ by "tije ^uluirtTIes 
contrary to thelaws of ih'e .country . 
in question, not to mention the 
spirit of the Helsinki provisions 
on human contacL- 

Russians value the BBC's En- 
glish lessons and young Russians 
are fascinated by the pop music, 
often asking the resident Bush 
House disc jockey Seva Nov- 
gorodtsev to play Soviet pop . 
groups that arc loo outrageous for 
Radio Moscow. They listen' in 
spite of- the -jamming and cJire; 
warnings .from iheauihoritiesthar 
the- BBC passes all' letters, to the'. 
British secret service to help it 
build a register of sympathizers fa 
claim the BBC strongly denies). 

A feature of letters from Russia 
is that they are numbered by the 
sender to show how many have 
been previously sent The BBC 
often receives letters marked "26" 
or "31” from people unknown to 
it. The corporation concludes that 
the previous 25 or 30 have been 
"lost" on the way and that, 
generally speaking, for every letter- 
that gets through to Bush House 
several dozen are confiscated by' 
the Soviet authorities. ; *.* 

Russians go to great lengths to- 
get letters through. They give them . 
to foreign tourists .or students so 
that they .can be mailed abroad, 
either in the West or in com- 
munist countries where the local 
censorship is more lenient. One 
letter that reached Bush House 

enclosed an extract from a copy of 
the Soviet criminal code. It was 
Article 35. perhaps the most 
cynical in the book, which says 
that letters may be seized or 
confiscated only by court order 
and in the presence of witnesses. 
The censors had apparently been 
shamed into Iciiing the item pass. 

In recent years it has become 
almost as hard to get a letter finra 
Moscow to Bush House as it has 
been for an emigrant to get an exit 
visa-. A similar arithmetic applies 
io Jewish emigration from Russia 
in I979-S5. the years of detente's 
collapse — a steady decline from 
51.320 a year to 1.140. 

Letters from Czechoslovakia 
have remained steady at about 

1 .500 a year during the period, but 
in Hungary, supposedly for more 
liberal, a hard line persists. The 
number of letters reaching the 

- BBC directly has varied, from 448. 
last ; year/ to only . 1 22 .in ..j9$k 

:4 A I most as rpapy, ^veral hugdpcd- 
■ - every, year.’ arrive' fr6ra--!tfte.' 
’’ 30O,uO0 Huri'gaiian5 who live In: 
Czechoslovakia as from the 10-5 
: p mifiran-iiv Hungary itself, cdlij: \ 
[y ■’ Kutm&n^sugggsi iha.Thoe;g a. 
r “. Stalinist: pocket. Jurking. ia? die. 
'.. Hungarian postal administration, 
having survived the cleansing 
hand of Kadarite reform. Anyway, 
the figures show that, in spite of 
their economic successes, the 
Hungarians have a long way to go 
before the repression they endure 
blossoms towards anything near 
Polish levels of toleration. 

None of this wi II be of interest to 
Soviet representatives in Bern!' 
Their idea of human contact isrthe 
..state-sponsored delegation,- ‘-its 
members carefu lly ch osen hv ad- 
.. vaftee. and 5 closely, supervised 
while abroad. Such ivjsits,. aimed 
at improving trade and scientific 
exchange, can greatly benefit the 
Soviet economy. Contact between 
ordinary people, fer from being 
helpful, is simply dangerous. 

Western ambassadors will be 
deciding in the next few days how 
fer it suits our interest to indulge 
the Soviet prejudices, and what 
price can sensibly be exacted in 
exchange. How much human 
contact will the Soviet leaders pay 
for a Western computer? This is ' 

- the language to which the Helsinki ' 
agreement has been reduced .in 
this post-detente period. Foneypy 
Soviet citizen allowed to visit his 
familyabroad er to write a’ letter to 
the BBC that has a reasonable 
chance of being delivered, a price 
will have to be agreed. 

© Tfenn Newspapers. 1986. 

Lord Bethell is Conservative XtEP 
for London North- West. 

David Watt 

Defence: the 
great retreat 

Weare on the threshold of another 
momentous reappraisal of our 
place in the world. comparable 
with whether to leave India in 
1947 or East of Suez ip the late 

bases without seriously weakening 
the alliance. 

The Chernobyl disaster, simi- 
larly, will accentuate an existing 
mood — unease about all -things 

1 960iThaiislhepIain message of ' nuclear and deep scepticism about 
thisWee.Vs Defence White Paper. . official pronouncements ' on the 
The costs of defence; whipped up “ subject. This' reaction goes far 
by-superpower rivalry and farther : wider than the unilateral nuclear 
inflated by -toeleadlong advance ■ disarmers of the Labour and 

of. technology, have risen to a 
point at which - Britain's strategic 
commitments, as laid down at the 
end of the 1970s. cannot be 
sustained unless the government 
plays havoc with its domestic 

The government now says it 
proposes to jump .off this defence 
cosr escalator, although the im- 
plications are being half-concealed 
by ihe usual -Whitehall expedients 
oflaie .ordering: postponement 

Liberal parties, but for that very 
reason those groups will be 
strengthened by il 
A t the more theoretical level, it 
is no longer common ground, 
even among Conservatives, that 
Britain's internal prosperity de- 
pends substantially on her ex- 
ternal position. On the contrary, 
the commanding heights of the 
intellectual argument have been 
captured by the revisionists who 
maintain that external power is 

and penny-pinching. Nevertheless ■ the reward, and not the pre- 
it is written between eveiy.tine of - 
the White Phper that within two 
years the Cabinet, whatever its : 
political complexion, must sen-, 
ously consider the demolition of 
one of the three pillars of present 
British strategy (apart from the 
immediate defence of the UK 
itself): the nuclear deterrent, the 
Navy, or the Rhine Army. There is 
plenty of time to agonize over 
which, if any. would be the least 
disastrous loss; but it is worth 
considering now what the emo- 
tional climate of the debate is 
likely to be. 

condition, of economic prosper- 
ity! Had we not frittered away out- 
substance and energies on the 
Empire and on post-war imperial 
nostalgia, the argument goes, we 
might now be as prosperous, and 
powerful, as the Japanese. 

The political implications of 
these shifts are not yet dear. The 
trouble is that it is all speculation, 
which is why all the parties are still 
circling cautiously. On the face of 
it Labour should be the main 
beneficiary. Messrs Healey and 
Kinnock are gradually evolving a 
position which compensates for 

The present declared defence •. the supposed im popularity of their 

policy -is underpinned by what 
may -be called the Callaghan- 
Thatcher consensus, that Britain 
is and ought to remain a “great 
power" at the top of the second- 
rank: a (perhaps the) senior Nato 
power after the US; a nuclear 
power: a power whose main focus 
is now Europe but one which is 
able to exert worldwide influence 
and defend worldwide interests. 
This bipartisan world view was 
shattered after the 1979 election 
by the left's capture of the Labour 
Party, but tfie result of the 1983 
election showed that the public at 
large stilL ’broadly adhered to it 
nor least because , of its apparent 
vindication by the Falldands war. 
Whetfief this public support still 

promise- to scrap the nuclear 
deterrent' -by : promising equally 
fervently the supposedly popular 
courses of getting rid of cruise 
missiles and strengthening Nato's 
conventional forces. But, for the 
reasons just outlined, both sides of 
this equation are now uncertain. 
Unilateralism may not be nearly 
as unpopular as it looked even six 
months ago. and by 1988 the 
amount needed to make a new. 
“conventional" Nato strategy 
credible might look politically and 
economically prohibitive. 

The Alliance offers a plan which 
is supposed to square the circle. By 
scrapping - the expensive - Trident 
deterrent and going in for cheaper 
sea-launched cruise missiles we 

exisis.seems doubtful. Although I . - can save- up to £5 biUion -and so 
can find no public' opinion. polls prop up all three "defence pillars 

The_ traditional argument for 
profit-sharing schemes such as the 
one outlined by the government 
this week has been that .they raise 
productivity by giving a - com-. . 
pany's workers a more direct stake. • 
in ns performance. . The most. ■ 
inftucniia! proponent of this case.. 
Professor Martin Weitzman.-has 
argued that profit-sharing will - 
help reduce unemployment and 
control inflation. The Treasury 
appears to agree: this week ils note 
to the National Economic Devel- 
opment Council argued that a 
scheme would “lower [the] risk of 
sustained underemployment". It 
is a bold claim. 

The plan assumes that wages are 
too high. The existing fixed -.wage . 
system would be replaced by one 
in which employees' pay is in two 
parts: one linked to profits in a ■ 
recent period and another which is : 
not profit linked (a “base wage"). ' ! 
In theory this gives -ait employer ■ 
more flexibility in lean times and 
encourages him to retain workers. 

Bui we know that employees 
dislike too much variation m their 
income, often for good reasons, 
such as mortgage commitments. 
Therefore it is likely that when 
profit-linked income falls employ- 
ees will try to recoup these losses 
b> demanding a higher base wage. 
Lin I ess the introduction of profit- 
sharing leads to more moderate 
wage demands, it is unlikely to 
reduce unemployment. 

Some theoretical work has sug- : 
gested ib3i unions wiH demand. ■ 
Tower wages in a profit-sharing 
economy. But in a recent survey ' 

Sham gains in a 

S I per cent of managers and 84 per 
cent of trade unionists said that 
profit-sharing would have little 
effect on the rate of pay increases. 

Many industrial executives I 
have spoken to say that the main 
result of the tax incentives offered 
by the Chancellor would be the 
creation of purely cosmetic 
schemes. Workers and manage- 
ment would get together and agree- 
on the total remuneration for each 
worker, as they do now. They, 
would theq use an estimate of 
profits in the coming year (which, 
in the middle of a financial year.- , 
can be fairly, accurate) to calculate ' 
the expected’ value of the profit- 
linked income. The base wage 
would then bo set so! that in 
combination with the profit- 
linked element it achieved the 
desired overall total. 

Workers would be better off 
under this arrangement, for they 
would pay less lax. Firms could 
also end up better off if workers 
then agreed to accept a lower level 
of pre-tax remuneration. So it is . 
true that there will be a reduction 
in wage pressure, but it is! no 
different from that which would * 
arise from a cut -in income tax' 
thresholds. And 'a cut . in income' 
tax has the advantage of being ' 

both simpler and more equitable 
. than a profit-sharing scheme con- 
fined to parts of the private sector. 

This problem is sy mptomatic of 
ihe fact that firms and unions 
prefer the current wage system - 
this is the principal reason for the 
government's need to introduce 
tax incentives to encourage profit- 
sharing. It will always be in the 
interest of an individual firm and 
' union to mimic the tradional wage 
economy by a pseudo profit: 

. sharing scheme. The Treasury 
paper contains references to find- ; 
ingt* ways • in which ■ these tax 
incentives can be restricted to 
genuine :5chcmes. But all that a 
cosmetic scheme 'requires is an. 
understanding on both sides that 
the present system will continue to 
be operated in the same way. 
except that a component of 
workers' income will be called 

A successful scheme depends on 
boih sides agreeing on how to 
measure profit — something that 
the accountancy profession still 
finds troublesome. Unions' are. 
legitimately, suspicious of “cre- 
ative accounting" and American 
'.'.suggcsts .that this' has 
: sometimes provoked strikes, h is 
!' otien- suggested that the law could 

insist on a measure of profit that 
the Inland Revenue finds accept- 
able. But in Britain that could be 
dangerous, since the agreed mea-. 
sure is. on a “historical cost" basis. 

• In’ 1974. "British industry’ experir 
•' enccd. a severe liquidity crisis;' 
made much worse by. the fact mi 
companies had to pay tax.od the: 
(artificial! ' profits arising from' 
stock appreciation. The govern- 
ment saved the . day then by 
introducing stock relief. But had 
wages been tied to these artificially 
inflated profits, it is likely that 
many businesses would have been 

All discussion of these schemes 
is theoretical because there is little 
real, experience to analyse. Profes- 
sor Weiizman claims that the 
performance of the Japanese econ- 
omy lends, support to his argu- 
ments. but there are other possible 
explanations for Japanese success.. 

: And they are not immune:' to.' 
stagflation* Among .OECD coun- 
tries. they experienced the sharp- 
est slowing in growth of output 
after the first oil shock, while 
inflation reached 20 per cent. 

We have not been offered any 
evidence that profit-sharing will 
work. We have some grounds for 
believing it will not work and that 
an income tax cut might do more 
to increase employment. The gov- 
ernment would be wise to drop its 
incentives to profit-sharing. 

Sushil Wadhwani 

The author is a lecturer in econom - . 
ics at the London School'.- of r 
Ei anomies. ' 

laler-than last autumn to support 
the proposition. I would bet that 
the donate has changed so dras- 
tically that no party could win a 
general election on an honest 
appeal for the economic sacrifices 
required to sustain present de- 
fence commitments. 

For the next two years the 
political debate will be focused on 

until the end of the century. Now. 
of course, the unilateralists in the 
Liberal Party wiH take new heart. 
And in the present climate of 
ennui and unself-confidence, does 
the British public really warn all 
pillars intact anyway? 

The Tories certain ly cannot 
profit. Admittedly, the govern- 
ment has decided at this late stage 

public expenditure and domestic to do the popular thing and divert 
industrial'- regeneration." The ; resources from defence to >lhe ' 
m oh saved ctfrr' be spenl on' ; domestic economy bai. tis ihe.. 
tajfcms'or oh'dirtet job creation,' traditional -reposToiy of robust 
according to political - taSte: 'but patriotism, it- cannot take serious ■ 
everyone^greest bat-saved itjnusti,: credit .for! 'ibis wuhoui drawing!' 
be^ -Where, ^except; the; defence aiientibn .to.'the V fact -thairthe / 
budget, iis it to-come from? • „ .. defence ^ ’ ^ ‘ ^ * ' — ’ 

The Libyqaaflarrbas confirmed was 
the British public's long-standing curity 

distrust of President Reagan's 
foreign policy. In theory; this need 
not make Nato, as such, unpopu 1 
lar. But it does give anti-Ameri- 
canism a new respectability, and 
tends plausibility to the spurious 
idea that we can get rid of the US 

nee policy it has long claimed 
indispensable to British se- 
is being ruined in the 
process. To hear ministers talking 
with. real, though wistful enthu- 
siasm of East-West detente is to 
realize that they are looking for a 
miraculous escape . from what 
could well turn out to be a fatal 
political trap. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

number is up 

Thought for the Weekend 
by the Rev J. C. Counter 

(Our guest cleric today is the 
private chaplain to the Institute of 
Pure Motoring where he is popu- 
larly known as "Rev" Counter. All 
yours. "Revl'\ .; . ' . 

Hallo. If you don't. 'mind pulling 
over to the .side of the road! and 
switching off your ignition. I'd- like 
to talk- to ' you T today for a few : 
moments about personalized . 

You know what I mean, don’t, 
you? Those very special number 
plates which tell you something 
about the driver of the car. If we 
see a ear marked AFG I. it's a fair 
bet that the Afghan ambassador is 
inside, or more probably his 
chauffeur, or even more probably 
some friend or relation of the 
A fghan ambassador's chauffeur. If 
it's a numbCT. like TNT 100, then • 
it’s more probably the head pf.a • 
large expjosives fiFra. On the other 
hand, Jf the number is >23 JIM, 
then its a fair bei that the-ear is 
owned bysomeonenamed/ames. - 
What do you think to yourself 
when you see a car like this swish 
past? I know what I think. I think! 
“There goes a right old stuck-up 
lump of lard, with monogrammed 
cuff-links instead of a brain!" Or 
again. I might think: “These 
upwardly mobile types are so 
desperately insecure that they 
need a monogrammed car. I just 
hope I never bump into one." And 
I expect you feel the same about 
these ttyits as well^ 

Yet, are! they.' .deep, down, . 
committing any. &n? -Does Our 
Lord say^ anywhere ; in the -New - 
Testament, Blessed are those with 
mundane and anonymous num- • 
ber plates, for they shall inherit the 
earth? Are they breaking any of the 
Ten Commandments, except per- 
haps the one about worshipping 
graven images? I think not 
And in a sense, do we not all. 
deep down, envy them? Most of us 
do not have the time or money to 
pursue a personal number plate, 
so the question does not occur and 
the temptation does not arise. Bui 
I know- that if I were- motoring ;, 
along the road to pamascusjand; . 
there were suddenly a bright .light 
and' a Voice saying:" How would, 
you like to have exclusive like- af 

the number plate REV l . in return 
fora few small sen-ices?" — wen. I 
have to admit I'd be sore tempted. 

For the fact of the matter is that 
we ail go through life with our own 
number plates, however humble, 
all different from each other. 1 can 
remember xtf. this very day the 
number, of the very first car I 
: owned. -a- liul& Renault Dauphine 

• called RUN 169. RUN 169. Npt 
much ofa number, is it? Yet to me 
it was very special, and the day 1 
sold the car. for £20 to a young 
Pakistani who wanted to start a- 
car hire firm.'! felt that something 
special had gone oul of my life. 

And if that number.- RUN 169. 
was special to me. think how 
Special it would have been to 
someone called Robert Ltowin 
Needham, who lived at a house 
numbered 1 69. s He ‘would, surely, 
have paid a - fortune to own that 
car, far mpre than the £20 1 got for 
the wreck in question. Perhaps_my.- 
; Pakistani* friend had the good, 
sense to search out such a person 

• and sell it to him forXStiO. And if 
he did. .perhaps he would like to 
gpt in touch with me and go 50/50. 

What I am trying to say. I think, 
is that when we go to the great 
MOT test in the sky. atid we are 
asked about our standards of 
driving, maintenance and cour- 
tesy to other life-users during our 
time on earth, then our number 
plate is not going to be of much ac- 
count to us. There is no parking 
space reserved in heaven for those 
with a title. It is no use hooting 
impatiently at the pearly gales: or 
even getting your chauffeur' to 
hoot for you. should you pass on : 
together, just' because your num- 
■ ber plate was impressive on earth. 

On the other hand, an impres- 
sive number plate will not be held 
against you either. Robert Unwin 
Needham. 169 High Street, will 
not have marks deducted for 
RUN 169. Nor would I, I think, be 
penalized for ‘ having REV 1. 
Indeed, if any reader does have’- 
that particular number available, 
he only has to get in touch with me 
to hear something to his 
advantage. Finally, have a nice 
weekend and remember the motto 
. of the; Institute- of -Pure Motoring: - 
Drive Unto Others as You- Would ' 
They Drive Unto You. 






C. r fii 

- -a 



a* id \\ 

-• * t. 

.. ' .Y-*- 

• .)f :■ 

■ . I V ' * *•-, 

. ,<K 


1 Pennington Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-4814100 

*£? ftirthet fuelled by Mrs Helen There must be some sym- 
^n«th ?y Suzman’s statement last week pathy for Mr Botha’s position, 

; following i visit to the jailed: assailed as he is by 7 recal- 
MrMand§a3hat he. would' be- citram right and by a cabinet 
. y^tmjing than : * prebared to consider a “truoe” . forwhomMvoutside interfer- 


Obstacles in profit-linked pay 

Front Lord WiULams of Elvei route to t h- high-oe! 

its'cohtentby President p. _W_ 
Botha jn'jSape' Town yes- 
terday. Although, the 
Commonwealth Eminent Per- 
sons Group, currently in the 
midst of its all-important visit 
to* South Africa, was not 

prepared to consider a “triiceY 
But. even as "fifth' in "fly* 
poaceraakingrpleof tjje Group 
has grown, so have other 
members of the South African 
cabinet, especially -its chief 
constitution maker, Mr Chris 
Heunis, felt it incumbent upon 

“ *gg*1* thernto feafe^hSTa^ 

hule its bows. Ministerial warnings 

doubt that -Mr Botha was 
establishing dear limits on 
their peacemaking role.- ■ 
The ■ initiative, begun so 

that the government should 
not negotiate with “terrorists” 
and that the Group should not 
see a Lancaster House role Tor 

■ m ~ • ■ • • _ ■ ■ ^ ; v - — — . - m<v u maUwUm^vI iai/UOV M VSW Ivl 

mauspiciously eight inonths ’ itsclf 'has -beconte more and 
ago, as an. attempt -to defied, moreftasueaL .” 

CoinnKm wealth sanctions Mr 3^tha>' speectf coa-. 
a^inst^ South: Africa; has in tained a tough warping that 
recent-weeks looked as thought;. Soiitfa' Africa woidduseJorce 
n could yet produce something against the agents of violence. 

of a diplomatic miracle: the 
release ofNehson Mandela and 
the. lifting, of the ban on the 
exiled African National. Con- 
gress- in return for a 
“synchromsetT statement by. 
the ANC that it would suspend 
violence. _ 

Although all' those most- 
in li mate ly . involved the 
Group itself; jPresidoit Botha 

He also Teslated the 
government’s bottom lines for 
negotiation with black leaders 
— ;the broadening of democ- 
racy, the maintenance of civi- 
lized standards and the 
protection of r individual ■ and 
group rights. All this was 
obviously designed to allay 
cabinet fears. His equally clear 

ence in. South Africa’s affairs 
remains anathema. The; feet 
that he has come this far with 
the Commonwealth Group 
should be seen as an earnest of 
his intentions to negotiate 
seriously. The suggestion 
made in some circles that the 
initiative is nothing more than 
a conspiracy between White- 
hall and Pretoria to continue 
talks for as long as it takes to 
stall the movement for sanc- 
tions allows cynicism too- free 
a rein., But as yesterday’s 
speech - - clearly . indicates, 
Pretoria’s sensitivity over any . 
threatened erosion of its sov- 
ereignty is such that President 
Botha probably cannot permit' 
ouiside mediators a perma- 
nent peacekeeping role. 

. Hope in the eventual success 
of this improbable initiative 
remains, but its goal must be 
to help break the cycle of 
violence and enable the lead- 
ers of the waning groups in 
South Africa to begin to talk to 
each .other. When and if that 

Sir, 1 wonder whether the implica- 
tions of the proposed profit-linked 
income scheme (report. May 13) 
have been fully understood, at 
least by management. 

In his answer to' my question in 
the House of Lords on May 13, 
Lord Young of GrafFham con- 
firmed that the determination. of 
profits for the purpose of the 
scheme would go down to the 
business or profit centre con- 
cerned. In- other words, disaggre- 
gated profit-and-kss accounts 
would be available for each profit 
I centre in a company participating 
in the scheme and would be open 
for discussion by employees and 
their representatives. They would 
thus be effectively in the public 

Questions of allocation- of rev- 
enues . and. central overheads 
would no doubt be debated; since 
the answer -to -these questions 
would determine the profits to 
which employees’ income would 
be linked. In my experience of 
such schemes, which have op- 
erated in a number of companies; 
without, of course, the benefit of 
tax relief, the debate would be hot 
and acrimonious. 

Is this really what the Govern- 
ment intend? Do they wish ac- 

route to the high-performance, 
high -wage economy that would 
bring prosperity and international 

Unfortunately this is not likely 
to be achieved by the Chancellor 
of the Exchaqners proposal to put 

Double peril for 
Cornish tin 

a substantial proportion of present 
pay at risk by linking itto profit or ' 
other performance measurements. 
That is much more likely to 
produce a defensive attitude to try 
to protect present pay, than a 
positive drive to increase it. 

It would be much better to take 
the present position as the starting 
point and directly link increased 
pay. in. the future to actual 
improvements in performance. 
Any significant change in the wage 
structure will have a much -better 
chance of success if it starts -on a 
small scakandgraduallyincFeases- 
in - scope. Employees-' will rieed- 
time to become accustomed to il 
and to be reassured that it is not 

Targets could be set, whether 
based oil profit or other measures 
of performance, and increased pay 
be finked tn the degree to which 
they are achieved or surpassed. 
This, in feet, is what happens at 
the present time in a number of 
highly successful companies and it 
does not need any lax relief to 
make ir work. 

If, however, the Government is 
prepared to offer tax relief to get 
profit-finked income (PLI) more 
widely accepted. -it would be better 
to relate ft directly to the PLI itself • 
than to the whole pay packet, so 
that the tax relief- reinfbnxs the 
incentive to improvement. This 
might also encourage employees 

counts for each profit centre in 
each company in the scheme to be 

uroup.useu, rresident Botha insistence'' that- outside medi- ■ each .other: When and if that 
ana Foreign Minister-PikJBo-. L atojs could only'- facilitate a - happens, the Eminent Persons 
1113 -■r'-havp played their cards ; processcof negotiation, which . Group can : bow put — satisfied 
extraordinarily dose to their must remain essentially home • that they have succeeded , in 
chests, enough of the hand has grown, whs' obviously.- made building a bridge over troubled 
been, allow a small with the Eminent Persons waters. It would be no small 
surge of optimism. This was Group in mind. achievement - 

each company in the scheme to be 
a matter for scrutiny and argu- 
ment? If so, they will be giving to 
the trade unions a power which 
they have long requested, that of 
access to. and debate about, 
management accounts. I person- 
ally would .welcome this, but am 

surprised, -after, all their rhetoric, 
to find the Government so social- 


The fact that Mr Mikhail Had he ended it there Mr also points to the lengths to 
Gorbachov has at last broken Gorbachov might have gone which the Kremlin will appar- 

his long silence bn Chernobyl so® 6 way towards winning the eritly go to protect its national 

is indicative of two things: sympathy of Western powers interest. Expansionist policies 

first the gravity of the disaster —appalled on the one hand by as evidenced in Afghanistan, 
which - has overtaken ‘ the ’ b rave O r and. suffering of and its deternnnationLto pre- 
Ukraine; and s«»cdiy ins ■ those . who Fqught tbe blare at . serve the status quo in Eastern 
awareness of theiearsoraeht Chernobyl, and on ,;jhe=6fB6r, ' Europe - if necessary by force 
bad press that hi? government-’- byTfee moral ine^oBabflityof - of arms - make normalrela- 
has'bcen eafniiig oversea& fiK : those'; in charge in Moscow; , . tions between the Soviets and 

was. speaking to an audience Bur iii*: . attempt : to deflect other countries . hard .• ’to 

abroad as much as .to hit attention from the Ukraine to achieve, 

constituency at home — and to ' that of Eastr^est relations and But Soviet treatment of 

the former, at test, his perfor- currently divisive issue of people elsewhere is nothing to 
mance- fell somewhat below nuclear tests, detracted from the treatment of those at 
the standards of the master PR this impression. home. The Foreign Afiairs 

man that he is reputed to be Superpower relations have Committee says that the 
rt barmens that his televison ' deteriorated since their high overwhelming impression 

to find the Government so social- 
ist at heart. 

Yours feithfully, 


House of Lords. 

May 14. 

was. speaking to an audience : 
abroad as much as .to Ms 
constituency at home — and to 
the former, at test, his perfor- 
mance- fell somewhat below 
the standards of the master PR 
man that he is reputed to be- 
lt happens that bis teleyison ' 

other .countries . hard . ’to 

■But Soviet treatment of 
people elsewhere is nothing to 
the treatment of those at 
home. The Foreign Afiairs 
Committee says that. ' the 
overwhelming impression 

It happens that bis televison ; detenorated ^since their high overwhelming ^impression Debt delays 

•• From tePrJiratcfjKus Col- 

mcided- with a reporfcoa.- Ggne^Ail h°P^. . Moscow and front evidence leg^jMord , . 

the &mmonsF:' ;OT Affaire - hawIoBg stolboWBriorf... Kremlin is bent- tipbn the (r< V ort,-May 7)ofttieT«d«pS 
Committee, wftfdi-conduded-' “ and-Mr-Goroachoy s reluc- • destruction of Judaism as- a concern expressed by small busi- 
thatibc - cornet; Inmsclf.toavj Culture and as a.;tdji©on. Oa : 

rS 5 in^^Aliiatai -»r-any’i the titherrhand^numbecicf 

•••• juj-a is roinatib' -imtnffm ’ it*-' - Rncciati Tram orantwI-incac-lA thdT fet COBlIPercial-C U S t OinCTS. 

that it did. riot lii^ hmdered : SVL^ 1 S® t 5 01l i? 
the growth of mutual under-. - • Presumabl y Mr 

standing' between East and GorbadiQv ts fearfol of retnnir 

West Things change in the. 
Soviet Union, but only' very 
slowly. Whale it would be: hard' 
to imagine Joseph Stalin mak- 
ing that speech the other night. 

mg empty-handed to Moscow, 
for the second time in twelve 
months. His feiture to block 

Russian Jews granted: visas to 
emigrate has Men from 
51,000 in 1979 to 1,000 last 
year. Some 380,000 of these 
so-called “refuseniks” remain 
in the Soviet Union - dis- 
couraged from practising their 
religion at home and unable to 

to imagine Joseph Stalin mak- ^e White House s Strategc couraged from practising their 
ing that speech the other night, Defend Initiative <SDI) the religion at home and unable to 
its impact might have been • rejection by The United States do so abroad. Meanwhile 
greater had Mr ' Gorbachov' . ^"his~test-t>an -proposals -- ' * Christian observance is al- 
^ade it two weeks before - ^out any noticeable loss of lowed to continue at., the 

lltauv IW -wnu VU 1 VIV - • «. .< - n r V' - . . j •- 

and had-hedoneso-in-ff rather- Sg n{ I ^ 

different way. . 

The details he released on 
the reactor tragedy, including 
the updated casualty figures,' 
are welcome if overdue — even 
after allowing for the initial 
uncertainty .and confusion. 
His anger over some of the 
more sensational assessments 
of the disaster in the West, was 
understandable — although a 
more open approach by Mos- 
cow would have done much to 
prevent them. His apparent 
readiness to cooperate - . iii 

. Chernobyl They hardly add 
up to an impressive record df 
achievements. ; Bid - for the 
Soviet^ leader mow to use. his 
television speech to renew the 
. test-ban argument, then go 
rooting for a summit in Hiro- 
shima, conveys' a touch of 
desperation,- ■ 

It is to be hoped that Mr 
Gorbachov reads the Com- 
mons report because, while it 
deals mainly -with bilateral 
relations, its tf frank but not 
unfriendly” tone reflects wider - 

establishing a multilateral Wes ^5 
SE for mt- ..conntiyr .Whfle acknowl- 

earlv Wsiubc system for mi- . counny. .wuue n. mauwwi- 

minimum level necessary to 
defriseiritidsiTi that the Soviet 
Union Is. faiUpg to respea-its 
international obligations. 

There are areas in which 
Britain, and the Soviet Union 
could strengthen their 
relationship — through trade 
for example, which has the 
additional advantage of carry- 
ing economic benefits as well 
There-is scope for educational 
initiatives, if Moscow would 
agree to the kind of school 
exchanges, which are freely 
enrouraged. in the West. 
Chernobyl could have been an 
opportunity to : bring Britain 
and the Soviet Union closer 
together. But Mr Gorbachov is 
in - danger of turning it into 
another block between us. 

Irish agreement 

Food for Africa 

the creation of" permanent open 
space on derelict land in the host 


Sir. Richard North, in his article SjB 

An A-fHran ferminc rMav 3t °* ^ 1984 mtemauonal festival 

sugg^thai^ “no§S y ttot 
population should be curbed” has 
started 10 go ourof ^shM^t. I hope. 

The United Nations expects:. ””* ***. 


^7^- ? SSfflSrSS-:; 

is S-SSr - housing than for parkland.' 

LooSns a^aead. we fo^e festi.. 
ij on h R nf rfLpit vals perhaps sited where, they 

is feared tand ^?' iT^,“^t^!ori2 

energy mpuis. d^oouW O^as ^ ^ ^ faciUties need£(i 

man y 35 ‘IL^S^^SmSS- Sr today’s urban population. . 
Unafa £ ^ SLSEF Garden ■festivals' 'uplift the hu- 

man "***■ We seefo, reason why 
T ° a ^ . ; f a pc , .® this investmenf of :iiaticmaJ rt- 

prodimion^tehmgi us i . sources _ design skills as weir as 

^pufeuongrowtii . funds ^ should «ot in-'foture 
dte.ofjhe^next century, ,the ; , alwayi . be-an^.-fo leave a 
developed -mprid , wUi g permanemk^acy of well designed 

gnady mwa^d Sd-maftrt5SS ^ jandaape £ a 

centmy.. to develop . rbstkig tenefit , tor hard-pressed 

raise standartfe of living awl n-onlein our crti« ' - 

saifing clubs,' each with hundreds 
of members, whose present suc- 
cess depends on good relation- 
ships with the existing water 
authorities. Fundamental to these 
arrangements is the recognition 
that .inland sailing is a popular. 
' healthy, low-budgei sport requir- 
ing-. a certain amount of iminter- 
ropted space. . ■ % 

. From Mr A. Cedi Walker, MPfor 
Belfast North (Official Unionist) 
Sir. Lord Hylton (April 25) has 
quite rightly posed the question of 
altemauvaproposals to the Anglo- 
Irish Agreement which would be 
: acceptable to majority opinion. 
The one proposal which is steadily 
gaining widespread support is for 
equal citizenship for all within the 
Untied Kingdom. 

The status of Northern Ireland 
was changed ' in the agreement 
without the consent of the people 
and the democratic process in inis 
part of her Majesty's realm. The 

that .inland. . sailing is a popular, people are now demanding their 
heal fry, low-budget, sport requir- fell rights to be governed on foe 
- ing a certain amount of uninter- same principles as all other erti- 
rubtai space. . zens in the united Kingdom. This 

. ; Some of the J elute, including would involve: 

owittd : by. a private ham* : § pine pf the' J clubs,' mdudmg' 

■ deyewper^nd^hased to Ihe festi-- have a conrilutioifel obliga- 
: vaL company; ti'woiikTapp&Kto^ tjon-^maintiah a' dose relation- 
i be the intention that a substantial - ship* ~wfth local ''educational 

would have the effect of enhancing 
damaged- sections of green bdt 
fend, oi" in worn-out Victorian' 

parks lacking the facilities needed 
for today’s urban population. 

for today’s urban population. 

Garden ' festivals uplift the hu-' 
man spirit. We see no -reason why 
: this investment of : national re- 
sources — design skills as weif as^ 
funds. shomd not in-'foture 
-always- be- arranged, to- leave - a 

authorities m order to encourage 
an, interest in saifing amcm^t 
schools'". Our facilities are in 
continuous ■ use by the Oxford 
District Schools Sailing Associ- 
ation We also run an expanding 
RYA youth training scheme. 

We .can easily ima&ne that, the 
new water service pic, with a 
norma) commercial objective of 

l. The abolition of the Orders in 
Council, system. Great Britain 
legislation ought normally to ap- 

f jy automatically to Northern 
reland- Where it does not ft must 
go through the same par- 
liamentary process as legislation 

Concern on salmon 

From the President of the Atlantic 
Salmon Trust and others. 

iwniwu commercial uujauve ui e;~ fi nrn . . _ 

maximrsmgprofii, could make the , w =J3 JS U 

sailing so expensive .that our. ' iSSSi 

m^^^ddn^beublenqtto ; 

which has' now completed iis 

^ordil.'nicrejsalso ihepossibil- 
ity that-, die*; waters and itbelr 

perrnan^fe^ of wdl designed- ; - suiroundfe^ jcould Jbecome .so ! 

and -manual ned- 

improve medical care, edtuatfipn, 
women's rights and femily pfen- 


Yours faithfully. 

Flat 7, 125' Harley Street, Wi. 

Gmftfen sllOW sites . The-Land$<ape Institute. 
From the President Of the Land - .13 Czdton Ho^Tdra^^y 

scape Institute and-others . . ■ May v. •• - _ 

Sir. -When the Landscape Insmu» CpTIirvo rtfr WdtPT 

people in cur cities. ' ' 

Yours fitiihfiilty. • 


(President).'.'. ; ' 

HAL MOGGRIDGE (past - • 

presidents), . ., 

TheLandfrape Institute. 

12 Cariton H^ousfcTeiraice.'SWl. 
May 9. ■. - ; : •: ■" 

crowded tharwe- would not even' 
want 'io 'use them, and coukl not 
safely ran training. courses. ' 

We hope that the legislation 
wilL as- prqmfced in the White 
Papcr.-provide safeguards for **the. 
existing ran^e and level of fecjl- 

passage through the Loros and is 
at pr esen t at Committee stage in 

Whilst we welcome this initia- 
tive, we fed that the true needs of 
conservation have not been met. 

Indeed, any mention of conserva- 
tion is sadly lacking in the 80L 

ines, including those for private 
clubs** (Cmnd. 9734 para 93) and 

that these wifi-be effective.' 
Yours faithfully. 



Hon Secretary. 

The Norwegian Government 
has recently announced proposals 
for tite complete banning of drift- 
net ^fishing from 1989 onwards. 
This would - leave the Untied 

Council for Landscadfi industries V Frrnn MrMajiin Aifhen and Mf-“ Oxfond SailingGub. 
in simomt :df ' garden festivals- Jr ' FarinoorReserwMr.' 

kAnaf^lMr • E.‘nitoo’to » tft'i to i'Piirttw inhrul • ‘ Rirmftnr ffafWtrf 

several years «« hooeef that ‘ Sir/Th^ areTt^/active j ' Farrrioor, Oxford. 

This would.- leave die Untied 
Kingdom and. the Republic of 
Ireland as ihe - only salmon- . 
producing nations still, operating . 
this damaging type ofin te rcep to ry 
fishery. • .. : 

In the interests of conservation 

From Mr Richard Mosley 
Sir. The closure of the Cornish tin 
mines wifi result, as we all know, 
in the tragic loss of at Teast 1,000 
jobs in an area already hard 
pressed by unemployment; the 
total loss, including subsidiary 
jobs, might be as high as 5,000. 

This is bad enough, but what no 
one seems to have grasped yet is 
that there may be even more 
serious consequences. Cornwall 
has for centuries bora a centre of 

mining expertise; the Camborne 
School of Mines has provided the 
world with mining engineers and 
has been the base for research and 
development into many new areas 

'Speaking ■ as one who travels 
widely in the international raining 
community (but also as one who 
has no personal axe to grind) I can ' 
say that there is absolute amaze- 
ment abroad at the prospect of the 
British Government watching 
aloof while' this centre of mining 
difes. For without the gravitational 
fores of working mines the tech- 
nology, the education and the 
research will be unlikely to sur- 

Quite apart from the obvious 
strategic advantage of being ca- 
pable of producing our own tin 
wouldn't it be marvellous if the 

1 to offer tax relief to get . stringency imposed by the current 
iked income (PLI) more ■ abysmal tin prides was seen as a 
cceptedLit would be better " spur to investment in research and 
it dircetiy to the PLI itself • development ‘ in tin mining, en- 
tile whole pay packet, so . abfing ComwaFs mining industry 
tax relief reinforces the not only to survive but to become 
e to improvement. This- an-absohiteworid leader in mining - 
Iso encourage employees technology? 

to leave a higher proportion of. 
their pay increases as PLI in future 

From the Director of the Industrial 
Participation Association 
Sir. The Government's proposal 
.-to introduce an element of profit- 
sharing Into the wage structure 
(report. May 13)isto be welcomed 
in principle. It is high time we got 
away. - from . adversarial annual 
wage negotiations that in the end 
do not satisfy anyone and found 
some way of directly . linking 
increased pay to improvement in 
performance, so that there is a 
positive incentive to everyone iii 
the organisation to help in achiev- 
ing that improvement That is the 

years rather than press for its 
consolidation into basic rates. 

Finally, such a substantial 
change in the wage structure 
should not exclude all those 
employees who work in 
organisations where profit is not 
the bottom line. A high-perfor- 
mance economy needs high 
performance in every ; sector. 
Other valid measures can be 
devised .for non-profit-making 
organisations, whose employees 
should also have an incentive to 
improve performance 
Yours faithfully, 

D. WALLACE BELL Director, 
Industrial Participation 

85 Tooley Sheet, SEI. 

May 13. 

Yours feithfully, 

Richard Mozley Limited, 



May 7. 

declared by the Bank of England 
and calculated at I per cent above 
the average base lending rate for 
the previous quarter, interest 

GCSE standards 

From theChairman of the Second- 
apt Examinations Council 
Sir, I can understand the concern 
of your correspondent (Mr R. J. . 
Anderson. May 7) about GCSE 
standards in mathematics based as. 
it was on the unfortunate choice of 
specimen questions in the Spec- 
trum article (April 25). These 
questions were in fact Question 1 
of each paper and, as is good 
practice, were designed to get the 
candidates away to a comfortable 
start in the examination. 

It is to be hoped that employers 
will ask the examining groups for 
sets; of- .specimen papers (which 

udsism as- a concerii expressed by small bust- 
‘-^gjon.-Oa nesses^y»:h^d^^pay?-' 
b® njimberof mettK^of-debts due to them-by - 
uitedvfcas to then* large commerctaLcftstotnOTT 
feUem fram You ‘ Mr David 

fnnnw! Trip pier. Parliamentary Under- 
to 1 ,000 last Secretory of State at the Depart- 
,00U ot these mem of Employment, has been 
niks remain concerned with this issue for the 
Jnion - dis~ three years he has been in office, 
ractising their The solution proposed is a code of 
and unable to V™* 0 * emphasising that pay- 
Mean while menl be made withm 30 

days and Mr Trippier is quoted as 
ranee is al- favouring legislation if the code of 
inue at.. Uie practice s not successful 
necessary to This racblem has been around 
hat the Soviet Tor a good . deal longer than the 
to respea-its- years with which Mr 

igations. Trippier has been feced with 
as in which “rapWnts. Eght years ago ft was 
TT “^„ the subject of a report (Law Cbm. 
soviet Union no. 88) by the Law Commission, of 
l oen their which I was then a member, 
h rough trade That report recommended that 
rich Iras the unless the parties had agreed 
tage of carry- otherwise, all contractual debts 
refits as well should carry interest at a rale 

would run from the date agreed for - • ^U.'.b^ available with . ; 

payment, if there was one, busra now bemg pnnod^ by foe- 

days after foe service ofa demand S™** 1 am sure that they will 
for payment: : - ihen> convinced, oft the basis pL ! 

Although various other less far- complete paperv that ^standards 

reaching proposals in that report 
were implemented in the Adrain- 

were implemented in the Admin- 
istration of Justict Act 1982, the 

main proposal just outlined was 
rejected by the Government. 

The Law Commission was con- 
vinced in 1978 of the need for 
change. It would seem that the 
problem of late payment of debts 
has not got any better in the 
intervening eight years. .! fear that 
a code of practice is likely to be of 
little effect when most businesses 
are ever seeking to improve their 
cash-flow position. 

At least Mr Trippier will have 
ready-made legislation available 
when he needs it in foe draft Bill 
appended to the Law 
Commission’s report. 

Yours faithfully. 

PETER NORTH,' Principal 
Jesus College. 


May 7. 

are being maintained. Indeed we 
would claim that the national 
criteria ensure that the mathemat- 
ics required at all levels is practical 
and applicable requiring real 
understanding rather than rote 

I believe in this way employers 
will see that the education service 
has indeed not forgotten the 
mathematical needs of its cus- 
tomers. the pupils, to be ready for 
the -specific training of industry 
and commerce. 

Yours faithfully, 


Secondary Examinations Council 
Newcombe House, 

45 Netting Hill Gate, Wl 1. 

May 7. 

Single European Act 

for other regions of tite United 

1 The establishment of a Grand 
Committee of MPs to oversee 
Northern Ireland affairs. 
r 3. Any constitutional changes for. 
Northern Ireland should be subr 
ject to the outcome of a referen- 
dum in the province. 

4. The establishment of a system 
oflocal government on a par with 
that which operates in foe rest of 
the United Kingdom with admin- 
istrative functions democratically 
accountable to foe local commu- 

Such proposals are fair and are a 
sound basis for peace and 
reconciliation. _ They represent 
maximum co-operation and total 
equality within Northern Ireland 
and fiy their application will make 
the Anglo-Irish Agreement largely 
irrelevant, thereby contributing to 
its eventual -demise. . 

Yours ancerely, 


I Wynn land Road, 

Cammoney. . . 

Newtownabbey, co Antrim. . .. 
May 2. 

and. international cooperation, 
we would' ask her Majesty's Gov- 
ernment to reconsider their po- 
sition and announce an end to 
drift-netting in UK waters. 

Yours feithfully, 

WELLINGTON (President, 
Atlantic Salmon Trust), : 

MARGADALE (President 
British Field Sports Society), 
Stratfidd Saye House, 

Reading. Berkshire. 

May 7. ‘ 

From Dr Juliet Lodge 
Sir, It is true that there has been a 
lamentable feck of discussion 
about foe Single European Act 
(SEA). However, a disservice is 
done to the public to suggest that 
foe British Parliament (tike most 
other parliaments of foe Twelve) 
can scrutinise and control effec- 
tively ministers in European 
Community (EC) decision-mak- 

EC decision-making is an exec- 
utive , process. The absence of 
parfiamentaiy control is no doubr 
very convenient for the member 

One of the more positive ele- 
ments of foe SEA is. therefore, foe 
far from radical reforms to aug- 
ment the European Parliament's 
ability both io have an effective 
input into the EC's decision- 
malting process and to -combat 
ministerial tendencies to evade 
parliamentary control at either the 
national or EC level : 

Yours faithfully, 


University of Hull 
Department of Politics. 

European Community Research 



May 8. - - 

Happy days 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Dr Nod Heneghan • 

Sir. Is it perhaps possible that we 
mighi all worry a .little bit less 
about whether we smoke, how 
much we drink, and what we eat, 
now that our ultimate fete could 
depend- -merely upon which way 
foe-wind blows?. * 

YouTsfafthfijIlVi • 

52 Harley. Street Wl. 
May 12. • 

From Mr Wl H. Somerville 
Sir,- To Mr Bu lien's letter (May 
10). may I add that, when I was a 
member of foe Penang Island War 

. Executive Committee in 1954-55, 
foe annual public holidays came 
to over 6ft Chinese, Muslim, 
Hindu, Roman Catholic days of 
importance, and English Bank 
holidays — not to mention local 
celebrations of the date of antral 
of the founder of foe. settlement. 
Captain Sir Francis Light, of foe 
East India Company; 

Yours feithfully, 


•.Tram Road. 

• Rye Harbour, ' 

R>*.. . . 

•Sussex. .... — 

May 10.' ' 


MAY 16 1800 

Were two attempts on the life of 
George III made . in one day f The 
"anxiety" mentioned bdovo had '- 
been occasioned by an odd episode 
in the morning during a Hyde 
-Park review of the Grenadiers r 

when, as they were firing blank 
charges, a musket ball hit and 

wounded a spectator only "twenty 
tkree feet away from the king. "' 
The official explanation was wot ] 
the discharge of the ball uras a '- 
” misfortune — arose entirely from ' 
accident ”, which The Times did - 
not think either " conclusive or 
satisfactory’’. The king's assailants 
James Hadfietd, was committed to 
Bedlam, for life. 


An event which happened in the' . 
evening added very much to the I 
anxiety that-, had. .been felt from - 
what had occ urred i n the morning. - 
Their MAJESTIES having an- 
nounced their intention of going to ■■ 
the Theatre at Drury Lane, foe- - 
House was extremely crowded. The * 

PRINCESSES first cams into . 
their box, as usual: foe QUEEN 
next, and then foe KING. The ■’ 
audience had risen to receive and 
greet the ROYAL FAMILY by . 
dapping of hands, and other 
testimonies of affection; when at " : 
foe instant his MAJESTY entered,- 
and was advancing to bow to foe 
audience, .an assassin, who had 
placed himself about the-midjdle of . j 
the second .front row of foe Pit, 
raised his -arm, and fired a pistol . . 
which was levelled towards foe 
Box. The flash and foe report : 
caused an instant alarm through 
the House, but after an awfrd ; ; 
suspence of a few momenta, foe : . 
audience perceiving his MAJES- 
TY unhurt, a burst of foe most' 
enthusiastic joy succeeded, with 
loud exclamations of — “Seize the 
Villain! — Shut all the doors!” The ' 
curtain was by this time drawn up, 
and foe Stage was crowded by ; 
persons of all descriptions fropr 
behind the scenes. A Gentleman - 
who stood , next , to the assassin 
immediately . collared him, . and _ 
after, some - struggling, he was 
conveyed over Into the orchestra, 
where the pistol was wrenched 
from him, and delivered to one of J 
the Performers on the Stage, who 
held it up to the public view. There . 
was a general ciy of “Shew the 7^ 
Villain", who by this time was. ■; 
conveyed into the Music Room, ; 
and given in charge of the Bow ; 
Street Officers. The Ciy still 
continuing to see him, Mr. KELLY 
came forward to assure the audi= 
ence that be was safe in custody- 
The band then struck up “Godsave 
the King", in which they wen 
cordi^^med, mTtiIl chorus, by ; 
every person in £he Theatre, foe V 
Indies waving their handkerchiefs 
and huzzaing. Never was loyalty 1 
more affectionately displayed, had _ 
never 1 was it called forth towards a , 
Sovereign.' who . more ' justly de-; 
screed foe k>ve of his people. HIS 
MAJESTY, who at foe first mo- : 
merit of alarm, had displayed that - 
serenity and firmness of character . . 
which belong to a virtuous mind: 
was now evidently affected by the 
passing scene, and seemed for a 
moment rather dejected. The Duke — 
and Duchess of YORK, who were 
in- their private box below, has- - 
tened to the KING, who was 
eagerly surrounded by his family. A 
more affectionate and interesting 
circumstance cannot be unagmed. 

After - foe Duke of YORK had 
conversed^fora few moments with 
foe KI NG, h is Royal Highness and 
Mr. SHERIDAN went into the 
Music Room, where foe traitor was ' 
secured. Being interrogated* -he > 
said his name was Hadfield, and it ' 
appears he formerly belonged to . 
the 1 5th Light Dragoons, and 
served under the Duke of YORK in 
Flanders, where he was made a 
prisoner. He is much scarred in foe 
forehead, of low stature, and was 
dressed in a common gurtout, with ~ 
a soldier’s jacket underneath. - 
In the Music Room he appeared \ 
extremely collected, and confessed 
that be had put two slugs into the 
pistol He said he was weary of life. 

then came in, and at his request, no _ 
further interrogations were made, - 
and the man was conveyed to the ~ 
prison- in Gold Bath Fields where. • 
in the course of the evening, foe ~' 
Prince of WALES, and the Dukes '. 
of YORK CLARENCE and CUM:- ; ' 
BERLAND went to see him. 

As soon as the event came to the 
knowledge of Ministers, a Privy 
Council was summoned, and at teh u 
o'clock foe traitor was carried ter - 
the Secretary of State's Office, 
where the Cabinet -Ministers and .. 
principal Law Officers were assem- '-i 
bled, and he continued under “ 
examination when this Paper was - 
put to press. : . 1 . 

We hare omitted no pains to C. 
investigate all tbe emrunsstancea of t 
this extraordinary and dreadful 
Transaction; and we believe they 
hare been faithfully-and accurately > 
detailed, as far as it is prudent to .* 
publish them. Were it possible to 
divest foe mind so quickly of all foe. 
honors inspired by this atrocious 
parricide, or to feel any other 
sentiment than of devout gratitude - 
for the public deliverance in the -~ 
KING’S escape, we should adver t 
u> foe satisfaction HIS MAJESTY 
must receive in the giqoeral. undis-i .T 
guiseci, and natural testimony Of 
zeal, teruferness. and affection ' r" 
which was displayed upon this 
unhappy occasion by his people. ' -- 

Holy writ 

From Mr Kelvin Holdsworth 
Sir, One is delighted io note Hxtf 
day on which Bntish Rail chose to- - 
introduce their new summer time- - -' 
table. May 12 is. as we are all :- 
doubt aware, the Feast of St 
Pzncras [of Rome]. > ' 

Yours faithfiilly, : 


Royal Fond Hall. : 

Wilmslow Road, 

East Didfoury, • ..A 

- Manchester. 

May"12T - 



Motoring by Clifford Webb 

Maserati gears up for British sales 

iuc mascrau diuuuu wmcn 

was launched in Italy four 
years ago but is snU not ***?£“ * 

available in Britain, appears to WSw 
be drawing io a close. A new * 
company has been formed to 
„ market it here and hopes to 
-.have it on sale by.theautunm. 

The first right-hand drive 
Versions of the three valves- 
per cylinder, V 6 2.5 litre 
.featuring twin turbo charges' 

“are undergoing type approval 
■ tests at the Motor Industry 
Research Association's Nun- 
eaton headquarters. The range 
comprises a two-door coupe, 

.jour-door saloon, and a drop- 
" head Spyder coupe. 

The worry vs that in the 
intervening four years the 
Biturbo has become dated and , ^ „ fi _ an . 
a. around £ 20,000 ratter Si SS "— 

« Edmiston, chair- n-at is pot ted progress fer 

Lotus Excel SE: Exciting and relaxing to drive 

and leasing finance exceeding as switches and seat adjustors 

'“SrtSJM SffiE^toSah! 

seem to be last minute addi- 
tions designed; to frustrate 
normal sized drivers. 

Today's cars bear evidence 

The model I drove was both 
relaxing and exciting. Despite 
the high compression the en- 
gine was flexible enough to 
cope with stop-start city traffic 



Silver Sage/Beige Interior Only £14£95 

SAVE £2,900 


Paris Blue/Blue interior . ..Only £8,425 

SAVE £1,100 


Paris Bfue/Biue Interior -..Only £8,795 

SAVE £1,200 


Rosso Red/Grey Only £6,495 

Save £1,300 

inii . W’ . ' . ’ wr. '' ! 


■Original 'Maserati copr^yision- 
aires, planned to put i? , n the 
jnarket in 1982 at £12 '.'JO. It 
would have been the cheapest 
Maserati by a long way from a 
manufacturer previously asso- 
ciated exclusively with very 
expensive super cars. 

But Edmiston could not hit 
it off with De Tomaso, the 
.controversial Argentinian- 
born head of Maserati. The 
.word in the industry is that a 
-clash of personalities between 
two wealthy, self-made men 
:was the. nrnhlem. Edmiston 

;does not accept that view. He 
says the stumbling block was 
•*De Tomaso's refusal to keep 
his end of the bargain and start 
producing right-hand drive 

* Whatever the truth, the feet 
remains that a new company 
Maserati (UK) Ltd under the 
chairmanship of Mario Tozzi- 
.Condivi who held the 
* Maserati concession before 
'Edmiston, appears to have 
made the breakthrough. 

The managing director is 
. Richard Slyer, previously with 
•Lotus, BMW, Mitsubishi and 
Yugo. He tells me inquiries 
"are coming in from would-be 
dealers and hopes to sign 
about 30 by the end of the 
. year. 

. In the meantime, 

:.Edmi sion's West Bromwich 
1 based group goes from 
strength to strength. Formed 
TO years ago to rescue the 
- service and parts side from the 
ashes of Jensen Motors, it 
accounted for 12 , 000 Japanese 
Subaru and South Korean 
Hyundai cars and vans last 

as finance director.. detail. In addition on the. 

U j x Excel SE 1 have just been 
HOau ICSl driving the introduction of 

x 17 Toyota’s Celica gearbox, 

.LOtUS HfXCCl Supra brakes and adjustable 

steering column have im- 
Jj J 2 j proved comfort and driveabti- ( 

fortunately aiong the admit-' ,he 

l SSL'tS fined to two body styles, the 

' n ^ank livens those days 

are becoming history. In lie 18 - valve a lloy eng me m van- 

of much greater attention to., without displaying any of the r ; Contact David ROSO 0783 4031 1 

rariSiK oussiages of tune. ; _ 

severed connexions with 14 _ 
component suppliers because 

they could not maintain ac- SS^lnSjfi!i in hS 2 

ceptable quality. In their fi- wtil a more powerflt) ^ 

nancially troubled years they 

did not have the “muscle" to VITAL STATISTICS 
take on rogue suppliers. Now Model: Lotus Excel SE 
takings lead from John Egan’s Price: £17,980 
remarkable success at Jaguar, Engine: 2174cc aluminium 4 
Lotus have set up quality cylinder 
control that brings the man on Performance: 0-60 mph ' 6.8 
the shop floor imo the picture: seconds, maximum -speed - 
A good indication of the. I35mph’ 
effect on today's cars is that Official consumption: Urban 
71% of all Lotus 2+2 Excels I9.8mpg 56mph 42.5 mpg 
are bought by companies for and 75mph 3L9mpg 
executives. The industry Length: 14.4 feet 
grapevine suggests that pur- Insurance Group 9. 
chasers include big names like - — ■■■- ■ ■ ■ ■ ■■■■ .. 

ICI, Woolworths and British compression engine 
Caledonian. output .from 160 bfa 

And it is not only quality bhp. It is identifiab 
and reliability which are im- stepped spoiler undei 
proving Lotus's have always and the distinctive w 
been magnificent road hold- er at the rear. The 
ing, . high performance cars, was not to improve 

Insurance: Group 9. 

compression engine boosting 
output .from 160 bhp to 180 
bhp. It is identifiable by the 
stepped spoiler under the nose 
and the distinctive wing spoil- 
er at the rear. The intention 
was not to improve aerody- 

temperainental behaviour of- 
ten associated with this type of 

Visibility was good for whal 
is after all a low slung projec-. 
tile with the exception of the 
rather limited rear window. 

Finally a word about the 
rear seats. Since the Excel was 
introduced with wishbone 
rear suspension instead of the 
old swing axle the flow pan 
was dropped a good 4 inches 
giving much needed extra 
headroom. But the seats still 

IW- i.uuuiuu|^ IMl 

normal sized bottoms. In 1986 
models, however, they have 
been widened sufficiently to 
enable adults to sit in them 
without that “trapped" feel- 

Fiat’s gamble 

Pietro Quaglia. the very 
extrovert head of Fiat UK, is 
getting excited about the pros- 
pects here for the new Fiat 
Croma 2 -Iitre executive car 
which goes on sale next week. 
He says it signals Fiat's re- 
entry into a very important 
sector of the maAet account- 
ing for more than 150,000 cars 
a year. 

He coukl have said it was j 
also a gamble because I do not 
recollect a Fiat in the past 10 
years which has come dose to 
qualifying as decent executive 
transport - certainly not the 
late and unlamented Argenta. 
In any event he has set his 
sights very conservatively on 
2,500 Croma sales in its first 
year. At prices ranging from 
about £8,500 to £13,500 for 

yearand is&r^^ashaip .-But driving them, has not naraic efficiency but to make . the turbo-charged version it js 
L“crea*to Lr.OUU litjWfc It_^lways ' Tlfea e^. . Controb' 1 - it ^sitT :on: the^itiatfrwtth- very competitive add I plan to 
has-300 franchised aeqjgg-ana :ufere. -.heavy and. not conve-- ' improved handling and rMff._ deal with itiiwnoredetaiirldit 
a turnover from cars, property nient Ancillary controls such holding - week. 




ns CM AUTO New 28 11/86- 
Dtamond Stack. anM theft, auto 
speed. Ranro black iranier 
seals, rtftlnc sunroof, on Board 
computer, air condmnutng. Wo- 
new Stereo. 6.900 miles. Sale 
due io reorganisation. £24.760 
021.0, TefcOl 703 2700 

b36M 0.000 Miles. Diamond 
Mark with Mark leather sports 
wats. Completely cotaor coded 
from factory and special Body 
kn. AEIS. Air Oond. sunroof. 
Stereo pock. £Z7.9S0. Tel: 
: 06723 78161 or 0572 572155 

MASS CM C nee. As new. 
zmnoow Red. Graphite leather. 
Full spec Including skirts, and 
Blammnfcl stereo. Only 6JS00 
_ miles Save over £6.000. Only 
C2W.SOO Tel: 106821 LuSon 

samr U8L Oct 82. one owner, 
sapphire uuo metaMc. e/a tool. 
o/D computer, stereo r/c play- 
er. s/steertnq wheel, r/h 
restraints, immaculate roodl- 
Uon £6 000 Tela 07 572) 21889. 

~:r. NEW 3181 Mini 2 Dr. An SB- 
\w. ESR. E/ Windows. Air 
■ - . Oon. Foggs. Rear Seel Belts. 
C/Lorkbra. Alloys. Delivery 

Mileage £11.50ajrel: 061-434- 

0996 or 061 946-3266 It) 

BMW B28L Btae metallic LHD. 

1982 model. faO-OOO mis. BSpd. 
S roof ABS. Clocking. Alloys. 
Spare set winter lyres. C5JSOO. 
To!' 01-977 5884. 

Jl*. v HEO. 4.000 mis. 4 dr. 
Cosmos Blue metallic, sudina 
roof. C/ locking. E. r W. 
BMupunkl S C. £8600 Tel: 
0782 502104. 

7351 Special equipment. Y Reo 
Dark metallic Green 18 months 
mm A labour warranty. Very 
pood condition £10.250 ono. 
Ring. 03S2 616514 


fUl spec. Ah 04 24.000 (tides. 
Siwer with Bnck hate* rare* 
id amts sots. Bechic Sun 
Root. New £1000 stem. Remote 
Haim ant central lodang. 
Semceri ant) mantamt to the 
irttfrest standards. A ran exaro- 
pb of this tfassc car. 

Serious tuyere only phase 

£ 12 , 000 . 

Tet wort Mis CtariM 
01-274 G24C 
Same 81-351 5449 

735SE Aim 1984 B Rev. 1 
owner. Until Omimik 
cold. Air con. 19.815 miles. 
Ike Nbowtat* BMW. Com 

new £26.495 X17,»*» 

3101 19*5 C Reg. l owner. 
Light Champagne Gold. 
Rod, Cam. Graphic. Sunroof. 
15-000 irtles 

021-622 2777 

72*1 A. No vae, Special equip- 
mewl. superb condition. 
£10.950. (063879) 51G or 236. 

3261 CONVERTIBLE. Due to can- 
ceded order, place In queue lor 
dettvery 1986/7. 01-686 1626. 

92*1 (Yl Ice Green Mel. 64£X>0 
Miles. S/Roof. Stereo. £&499 
Taxed. Ter. 01-969-S346 . 

MW BMWTS All models Io order. 

. 5251 eocUr. deUvety. Large dtr 
counts. Tel 0227-793010 IT) 

MSS ■ AOTOM (O. • 
white gold metafile with 
foil Champagne leather, 
sunroof, hi-fi pack, wide 
rear track, vodaphone, 
3,000 irdes. — £39^95. 
Prussian faiue metallic 
with blue full leather, (85 
sport equipment) sports 
seets^OD mfias. E3IM8S. 
M4 TURBO 86 (C| 
black with Burgundy flan- 
nel, sport seats, 2.500 

mfies. £27395. 

S24S 88 (Q 

Zermatt elver Metallic 
with Uack^rtiitB . pin- 
stripe, sunroof, power 
steering, stereo. 500 
miles. El 6395. 


WOM 00264817311010 3(7136 
YburOCod PondwCMh* kiwtawdohn 

as c « n taN, Bn. Btai Ph taan. ESB w lock. HkR, 28M oh. 


IflCSTl CatrCr«.Srrr. nPatk.AkCoL. LSWb(i 

BSBmcmaNCMtTimMn.Bn.nnUh.iuoanfe. . . . 



mMlnUn,MIMBAnPta.ES8.lairiNBt.KMnti. . 

MllnllH.4JpWk.BkHit.MS.un(. ZI^OBoh 


8SBfMSBiAWPk.EM.MS.«np;»M(.4jnwB ...... 

aflUHUxHn.2an«LBkPU.8B.n»LShin.Uawti . . , 

~hr> only WesfEnd official Porsche centre 
tor so.'es, service & oaris.’’ 

924 LUX 

FWsbad in mataBc rad. 
30JXU mfles. Smoot, raifia 
c a sse tte , atoy wteeb. atom 
system. 1 owner tram new. tul 
- ta&xy. E9JS0L 

Guards Rad. 14.000 mfcs. 
Bectrrc sunroof. Porscha 


021-622 2777 

g| (0246) 
SI 451611 

Official Fossdie Centre 

111 Catrar* Coorb (TwBo Both) 

('86 Senesi Wfaw GoU MoaAc. 
Buraundv Fui Uhr tout Spec 
5.005ms Regd Mo* 85 E37ZS0 
92*82 (08 Senes) Guards ftel 
Beck/Red Fun uhr E«ry Oprai 
Feat nd Sunraal 4«j0n& 

Regd 0ec.~85 EHUBO 

M4UJX ( 86 Senes) Alone Write. 
Burgundy urn -Sows Seals 
Swept 16' Wweis Central 
L^jg-Fog Lamps, etc 5.TOOmta; : 

SMS 1 86 Senes) Gtoms Red. 

8bcm ftrsche Oam PAS 
Sumtf P.DM. C.C H BSOOtrts 
Begd Oa 85 CUL7SH 
SSS Genie Mamuc Gray Bags 
Uh. Seats AimmaK Trans. 


1st registefstj 21st August 1958. 
Finished m Ceram blue wdh bv 
bather upholstery & BO spoke 
wn when, 4 speed transrm- 
sioo + ontortw. original 3.4 un 
engine, /testable tor snmdBte 
export Cbssdied as mtege. 
£16.750 bdudng tax. 

Contact John Probart on 
346 0881 or 349 1221 

. mb rrom new. Stack. £890. 
0603. 720328* FUrdolh. - 
i 18*1 SMOBB 9. very rare. 1m- 
lucuutt and ongUMl. OflCre. 
Tct OI-8B1- 2221. 



924 LUX U. Imnuculaw. Metal- 
bc Silver Blue. Sun Roof. POM. 
Ownr *rmrrM. i owner- Fu* 
record 32.000 RHIes. £0600. 
■Oil 730 SOSO 

924 LUX 1985 (Yl. WMte, 
39X100 mUei. 4 sMOktr hU. 
alarm, unmacutale condition. 
£8-250 TeieohOM 01-649 
4769 lansenstioM). 

944 B REE 19S4X>unb red. 
ESR. FSH. TOM. 215V- fog*. 
FTjpoiier. 36JOOO mi tea- 

Wrnty ttt Sep. 87. immac. Fam- 
ily commumeni forces sale. 
£iajaso.Tei«i43e3ass ror 

924 LUX C red . 88. Guards red. 
eteerne sunroof. P ioneer stereo. 
Extras rota) £3.000. immaeu- 
uie condition. £14.950 01-302 
1142 i Office;. 01-309 0909 

IRNJMFH STM 1972. O WW nn*. 
59.000 miles, one lady owner. 
MOT A Tax. enreUetd condi- 
tion. mecnaiucafly perrecL 
£2^496. Tel; <02*21 628691. 

Y KO MB MUStmi while 
18000 mis. 1 owner, many me- 
ins. as new. £6.995. Would m 
for tai* Porsche 904. Td:0942 


. 1913. red. son roof, allay 
wheels «e. nnsory. pan ex 
change possible. £1 1,496. 0622 
84220B.-0eO2-46tt29. T. ■ 
3231 AUTO 2 Dr. 'Jan 88 (B) Arc 
UC sue Met. LSD. ABS. PAS. 
Air Con. Rad /Cass. 24.000 M. 
namae Camuuon £9.980 Tot 
Ascot (0990) 22362 (U 
BMW 316 SEMES 2 1964 Blue. 
S Sod. S/Roof. Tine. Stereo 
Cws. Low Mileage. FSH. 
£6.600 ono Tel: 01-590-7302 
3201 86 G r March) ESR C/rad. 
CL. PAS Gfey met. anth M.+ 
ewras 2900 mis. me dm 
£t 1.600 ono. Tel. Ol 947 M27. 
9SSB 1964 a reg, hook, stereo 
cassette, good condition l 
gwner^J&H. £7.250 Tel Ol 

TOX. over green met 1982. 1 
owner. FSH. E«R. anoys. rad/ 
■ J 1 **' a«iemg c mfa. Prts- 

ttne. £4.995. 0932 Z2222&.IT) 


*L2*- 031 C.’rad. Ca. 
PA&. Ran met. filJuir n 
T«: Q| 9472^ 

•JJOty. £6.998. 0329 *0ii? 

mm m 

M* > AUTO 96. Prmalan MM 
with Poll leather. Porsche iu-fL 
l owner, ousting. 3.700 miles, 
£57-000. Ter David Holmes 
OB676 71971 Or 0636 231936- 

911 SC Cow# 1980 Light btae 
mrtamc VocxiQjoo Tel: Ol- 
ara 3tm W London 

•44 LUX 5 speed 83. WhUo,- 
Kart jMnstnpe Ulterior. 
Simrool. Stereo. Alloy wheels. 
Elec windows. Super com 
16.000 mb. 1 owner. £l0.9Sa 
□883 844120 OT 0843 821107 
*2B 8 AUTO. Y TW- SUver. full 
Nmy blue lealtier. 294X» 
‘ mne*. 1 Previous owner, pnr 
hnc condition. FSH. special 928 
mg. E19.7S0. W-734 0643. 

J7 - OOQ nw- P»- 

ffl-fW io me con, fun wae 
whosseiy. £is.99B~ "floor 
_6 speed, two lone 
™^*umoof. stereo. «m re* 

Sw SSS**"* "■8B0 TBL- Ol- 

92* 5 1982 oa Silver Mel. 
immac Common nroudma 
40.000 Miles. FSH. £16.980 
Tel: Ascot (09901 22363 lU 
STUNNWa - TURBO U 1980. 
gold wim brawn half MamnT 
3&POO. miles. FSH. £17.960 
consider PX- 0604 842785. T 
924 LUX (A) 17.800 Mis. SUver 
Met/Macfc ctoth. EwrUeid con- 
diuon £10660. 0799 84234. 

PORSCHE 944 1983. Law milfl- 
agr colour red perfect condition 
£12.480 Td: 075 7381612 
day lime and evmttwi 


■ " '"j. 


LEEDS (0532)508454 


Ptioa*P8t8r Lock or 
Stovs Cos* MOW1 

* NO CASH DBtoSrr 

* Satf-emptoyeffand 
huskies* users we take 

any veHde In any 
common as a deposit. 
Free delivery anywhere 
in the UK. 


Qwrttr* Centre 

nado. tun wot TO . 9 50. 
TORNADO Sui root. tStL-Mw 

Late bw HNBioe iwas 
; . Hough for cask 

0203 56325 T. 

COIF CD C RES. *6 spec. Back. 
8.500 mte. -System 4- amwne 
Unis. anon, sunroof Remote 
alarm. PireW P6"*. Ptaneer MO. 
£8.450.. Tec 01736 9569 
Ittomri. 01-350 0092 (Warm. 

mal r 1961. 4UX» mfles- 
Mrldlbc red . beige. 1 lady driv- 
er Stereo. £4.500 tet02U 
573361 or 01 794 4987 
COIF cm named deHverv- 
Over 20 5 A 6 dr mod el s In 
stack, many wtth extras- 0582 
B72£82- Oom Son. (Authorised 
_ VW drain). 

audi coon: ctbej. iw l 

mileage with an «w tu q.Ms-. 
-aoey iisocr ONO iang-Aw» 
6316252 day or 438 1669 eve. 
COHYEfrrtaU COLT* over 20 
new can ta stock for Homed 
del. 0382 B72X82. Open Sun 
CAWberlMd VW dettierlL 

RING 0905 352123 NOW! 


Fiesta 950 Pop Plu s-- - ■ 

Fiesta HOB Pop Plus 

Rests 9501 . .. 

Hast* 11001 

Rasta 14001 - 

Escort 130CL 3 * Regency 

Esod L D*58t S Door hwy_ 

Eared GL OreseL mat — 

Escort 1600 On. buy 

gMrtXFORMso aftoys. hots. S/R. & RS Nt 

Gtsasds 1SOOGL lirrast 

.Gracadt 200Qi QulWtntias ; ' 

Gosatfa 2S0Qi Gta. Chaaoul 


Bristol Street Motors 

■ 26/30 Baih Hoad. Wotcesto 1WR5 3EN 
TdctSKM! lOSBy 352123 Telex. 338580 
a BSC horrmommal Cempaxy 





For pricas wa dam not print 

Phone either 
Steve or. Tony on 


TEL: 01 208 2099 




i 3133 b hi Kin i. 


• the ouzo wn* t wo 

MCKAlPE,56IIIIARyiBBQtgWCMsniiO^*KWOOMOfW*3AO, 0*^0 1124 

Up to 30% discount oh new cap 

r KHNl/METRO • UaBkn US ER ■ SMB--. 
RAH fefesfeff ' E32S2 MONTEGO 

• Metro Swf(CX 10 . 7 « • Momcro 10 HIS _ 

• Metro I-OL Srfr £4.2SS (Exrnn) - £6.799 

Metro MG W.789 . Montego 1.6 Esl 

Metro -IJ £3.950 ovsoa. R/rock, . 

MAESTRO step £6,499 

• Matsuo 13L (canc OPB. ■ • 

spec) £4.690 -. KsdeaTJGLSdr £5.799 

Maestro UHL (cmk - S3 » lT& £5^99 
5sp> “ KadealACT £5.999 

Maestro UHLS £5-199 


let Doxzsto 103021 68683 /239BS tferto At 9 GF5 

0 STBJ 864B46 » ^razrBSOfflAlfiflO fMBW 

’css . ^WERJGEDE5, : * 
.:.:»4 ej3iqipsoi 2;. ; 
23G.1E Nnr-dMM. DM G> > 

- art Rare KMttau Bha 
. HR E AUID One* ol 6 

a* uwohghm cnunwH ftet 

R. emu. GOOD n ds. FJLA . 

FSH. Cra* car. 39^00 r*S. CSJH 


Cfaristcfaurch Road 

« (0734) 1 

**• 875242 S 






1984. LWB Umoustoe. Ught 
Met Blur. 28.000 rata Ex conrL. 
£7.99 6.070 3 760678 W/EKta 
0703 775366 W/days T. 

HONDA CAM New dealer has 
models tar immedtaM dtttwnr. 
ting Sutton Park Honda. TN 
Maidstone (0622) 50442 for 
avBUBbUty. HP/PX wi corned. 

VOLVO 750 OE Full 85 Spec. 

Red Met. Biscuit Leather. 
£8*600 TN: 0444-85418 to 

RAMOS HOVER Y re* * door. Mai 
Silver. 45.000 roam. Manual. B 
pack. Under warranty. £7.996. 
0932 222226m 
door, custom . pack. FSH. 
£10.160 un onersj. 0926 
634762. 0248 



1983 C rag. Mrofc Jnipv att 
btack MB ml HOOD Mb. I 
paocr, as on. Soper stereo A 
SHwooLMOnareawh. tB 

r.' j ^ i j ' I k-i 

•Any make supplied 
*Lo«r X&ie mferest 
•ttaslag. or finance 
♦Quick Nationwide 

T«fc 01-950 0052 



. imnImi7 

M owner. «nui» reason (or 
sale. C8 6SO«vno. TN. (Office 
hoonl 01-959 861 1 no- 28* 

AUDI 100 CD Auta May 1984 
WMir/ Blue interior. mHeil 
condKloa. 24.800- miles. 
£7^5a TN 0932 66646-7 


HC blue 26.000ml*. Yun MM. 
Allays- VOC. FSH. 1 owner. 
£3260 ono Tet Ol 272 1814. 
LAW/RANQZ M O WH Personal 
“PON tax firm sales snedaltsL 
□ A A main dealer. 061 224 

VOLVO 240 OLT Saloon 1083. 
M moral. Met Slack.. Guaran- 
teed. E5.S9S. 01-428 6647 

Wmi Extras. Taxed. As New 
£10.495 TN: OI-9S4-7692 10 
S/Roof. Air Can. Cratxnir. 
MKK £3.996 : 01-964-7692 <0 

motors wanted 



T&Mfee Dodds on a 3013050 NOW 


fleet Sepias 
8!endon Rood Bexley Kent 


For Sutnass Users 





taoun 1965 Dow bk» *Mh 
saenot. mrin. f*- 
tay tend rt i ciric ttt rad «M» 
gtoB sunoL- tntancs of 
wouif aid raM tor actatM 


E TYPE 2 + 2 

«. 1969. Bed. This tar 
tw bean restored to a ex- 
Cw«t coiidltfon, virtually 

ReotmrtWnnea endn* 


u a rnm STOW. B Reg ear 

owner', drown with ten leather 
mtenor: extras locttunne cruMe 
rontroL. Duroiar atom. 
bUshen*. Immaculate comumo. 
£6.960000. For further aeons 
TN; <093261 3101 (day} or 
103441 484969 lores w/enosi. 

AWN 90 B Reg. Feb 88. Martaw 
blue. 12.000 miles, auto. PAS. 
perfect condition. £8.300. Rea- 
son tar sale dteaMement . ef 
dm»r. Ca* 0262 Til 910. 

Bnghl fM Black hood. 1 own- 
er. 23.000 mUasL £6698. Ol 
366 em. <n . 

COLF on Lhasa Gnu 1983 reg. 
26-800 naps. mkH4Xtrgs.i 
1 owner £4-9fia TN 016783485 
alter 630. 

mta FSH. Man red. tmroacu- 
tata- £11.780. 0846 209881 
Days / 0742 399808 Csss. 

AUM CWK CT, 1994, QBv«r 

Grey .- Black and Rad tnt-Orfg- 
inal Owner. Good Tyres, Only 
19X300 mlln. Standard extras. 
v)f.. £7300 ulo. contact 
Jirry Tetoi^EK 9334 any. 
dme after 1200 m- Friday 

JAMJAR S3 fc- Low ndieaga. 
Stared for 6 ynu' Cmem v» 
at-emad coning cerom then- 
. sand poonds. Inflnrtlng 
van mu aimA, . ewanNon. 
hram. new wMon carneL ana 
CoiHwUsed taHher.-One of the 
M ML £3.760. TN: 0862 


taeen nocuu. Intenor. A req»- 
*>«ton. ataooo miles. Mini 
wndUtan £i3£oo Contact 
»J*. Man hews Ol 235 6162 

X? ***** ""**• metallic co- 
”** *>*«■ Nattne windows, 
+ ^««c sunroof, black 
tairrlor. asm esam- 
Pie. £14000. TN 373 6631. 

Hf.TO.OCn mas any. 
!,?!!?■ AittNoBe-doe skin, 
Smwth eondttlon. 
Bran Creen i0202i 28366. 

42SOVDBMN lew 

WW/MMLEte 1981/86. 

45 whole range. 
Est. 19 years. 
PX.TNO 1^54 9833 E»ex IT). 


BG MOD XI8.63 ConwtSMe. 
Amo. .while, m.-wty- £21.995 
. PX taNL 0990 22TQI T. .- - 

I? 39&30 rata 
. FSH- Bdga. rtunoh 
TNiot 1242 omar. 

XJ U ME (Yl Maroon. S/Roof. 
* Air Can. ftea/Caasette. Taxed. 
«<C £6995 Teh 01*954-7692 to 

8 * o 4 *'en> M« art 0028 




Mercedes-Benz agents for 

4 door, long wheel base 
600 P nBmwi L imous ine, 
with division and two dub 
chairs facing the rear seat 
cocktail bar in rear, air 

conditioning, sunroof, 7,078 

recorded miles only. 


87 Crt^ydfm Bead, 





Ivory with dark Drown op- 
now cr y and nood. Colour 
codM and fitted with HR 
usnlns nd wheetarcb 
Crmff FSH. maO mileage. 
Would sitotUn p x. 


Epsom 103727) 28173 

OW B W reo. kMHr head 
lining. Inllirr UMUxunL ieatn- 
cr U«P TOIL learner MM 
restraints. from and ror. Car 
has lull unm hnuny. Prwur 
oitr Dwti mi B blue. Excellent- 
ty maintained in-uig up to me 
I ram non or the best car in the 
world. Looking for a once of 
£20 lBSO 0~0 Tel 0860 
. 619604 anytime. 

nes. 9.000 mrios otoyUajBO 
5572 SHADOW I Brown 
E Write* root. MagiOk a IfllB- 
mn 1 prewus oarer. 56000 
aides only. Fall history Totaflv 
mraafca FTOJjOfl 

CaB G. Capps 
0823 42661 



I960 W ibq. Hnisheri In Pa- 
cific Groan. Vinyl nxd, groan 
leather Manor. sSjmo 


TEL (091) 4600-000 
Beoafcam RCL GataHwri 


Am-nwy Maeacj *» Cream Ve- 
W U pH iKUtng ASS Av 

PMOIt'wK 0 *7*72 


239E MHO 1985 (C). Mat UMDk- 
nese Bamn. Bsonc sunroof mm 
L imner tnm. Stereo. Won- 

Oerfiri oppntuwy £12799 

388SL SPORTS ProH Red. 1985. 
1 owner. 12000 mm 

Rad.'Cass £24398 


021-622 2777 

230 TE 

: i r/_ > ' ! > ■ , i aViil 

Delivery mileage only. 
AutomailC- Electric 
roof /windows. ABS. 
A3raJ stiver. 


01-572 5371 ext 139 

1983. Pewter witn dak green bm 
Ov Coalmans ca 4BJO O nMes 

wax. fei suDero.ctnJSdn xs a 

iBSid of Immxi Seen rqjowtr 
toa owned Of Rods Royee reoo<d- 
tea at apen* Odes in ng<M 

d Mb Mats Bt 261 97P 
Men lo Fti Ban to 5pa 

1MZ smui. 22 Months RR 
warramnxL 494)00 Mb. Just 
had <uH servile. Ire green me 
lallic. FSH humaruiare. 
Viewing essential. £30.996. 
May consider Px TrI Horae 061 
766 9747 Office 061 BM 6108 

All ctaiOed aditnbaocau 
CM be accepted by tekpbone 
(except AanountnnoDUV The 
dradbnc is S OOpns 2 days prior 
io pahheauan tie LOQpm Mon- 
day for Wednesday). Should 

you wish io sent an advmlse- 
mcm in writing ideate ndude 
>oor daytime phone number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
queries or problems relating to 
your ad »cn ii c mei n oner n has 1 
appealed, phase rowan our 
Customer Services Department 
by telephone cm 01-481 41O0L 


■MAN ■ - I truly hope Out life 
Wn for you U6v my Or or. 

Wilh Lore Always - Drtona. 
happy BMrraoAV. mck 
-K wr could ever find you"- 
Merv. "JOS don't ung m any 
country mueic" Love and kmn 
Gregory. -To (he Ongblen of 
llie MSI in me evr of Die wind 
runnel" Greet mg v from ill un- 
Lyndons. -TTteretaa VP named 
Rick- who m OPC a Hr* nev 
unHiaal and lolly a Ml crazy by 
golly, as a dealer he e ready 
outre suck" Love P A V. "Surer 
the Oak Rtdge Wd b going to be 
I lying lugh on May I6in we will 
nave a men down whrn he 
comes back rangratulabore - 
Dam Pengnan- “1 am the only 
woman m the world Dial really 
deserves you" JE. "Your gift 
win be arming at fc-lOom. 
AWB 210 6S7 893" The Great 
Dane. “Rtcaard - one of the up 
. and coniV LAK. Serb -wm 
give you your’ present when 
•you arrive" Comma. "We bur- 
ied Uir plants, danunurd me 
- MM and heM a Bar B-Oue m 
, your honour" Glen wood Rm- 
denb -I wui nave a Martmi up 
With a Mck led Okra." ■ Jeff Da- 
vwv i am mesuginah over 
you. I promised to 82 to greet 
you no matter where you 
suuecwd". SJWD 
LENA WAWORB Happy Btrth- 
day from P M-B. Clarke 
mCN - Many happy LUC returns 
from Ran. Alex. Jan and Jo. 
>ou don't look a day over 40 


or have you any e x perience 
either as a parent or a child. A 
TV Researcher would like to 
hoar from you. Please ring 
C6N-UEU3 Reverse Charges 

■ I Oam- Bonn. 

■wtiRTSt* mi lirgrn wood 
Carvmg A French pauamnq 
demoastrauons hv two of our 
own crausmen al our eng ex- 
hunt km Of 17Th & l8Ui Century 
replica lunufurr on Bank Holi- 
day Monday. 2<Mn Mas M our 
Tmlura snow roo m s. 

21 47 74 Fore Street 
Topsham. Nr Exeter. >0392871 

SPECIAL sale- Rosenthal Oiuu 
Dtapi Tapm Wirkhate teasel 
for e while ng or b w con- 
mned (119 Lmulra after. AU 
matar re and id orders w«l- 
come Rosenthal Saudio Use 
Ltd. 102 Brampton Road. 
KmatiKOndgr Ski 01684 

FINEST quality wool carpets At 
trade prices and under, abo 
ai-Mahir 100’s extra. Large 
room size re m n an ts under half 
normal ptkc Chancery Carnets 
01 406 0463. 

INAT SALE sons Sat at Tops. 
1 nrrpeauMr. L'nneirnnir 
prices on T.Vv Videos, lete- 
nramne etc. 91 Lower btoane 
Si swi 
Ol 730 0933. 

THE TRUES 1786-1988. Other 
mm avail. Hand bound ready 
lor preseniation abo 

"Sundays" £UdO Remember 
Whrn 01-668 0323. 


COMPANY GOLF Days orpantsed 
lor slalf or cuUW ns A ny k> 
ration Trt 0734 872722 
YOUR can: FILMS converted to 
video tape Any age Deuub 
Moving Movies 01-240 9129. 
rugv repaired, work guaran- 
teed Tet anytime- Ol 3499978. 
CALMNE CVS profmskmafly 
wnllen and produced cvmcu 
linn iit#r documenu DHah 
Ot 680 29S9 

Desks. Bookcase esc A Pre 1940 
lunulurr Td. 01 686 0148 or 
Ol 228 ?7J6 day or lugnt. 

wanted Centres. No IV Bed 
pnres paid. Ol -839 6233. 

London's leading stwoabst m 
new and restored pianos for the 
largest genome tetecnon avail- 
able SOa Hmhoale R(L NWS. 
Ol 267 7671. free catalogue. 

CORMCME 1978 Wash wipe 
model, blue. 41.000 mfles. fsh. 
£22.995. Might exchange for 
Stunt. Tel (08832) 6749. 

red /magnohaeverflek roof. Ra- 
moMione. n.aoo mues. 
£59^00. Penn (049481) 3671. 

SEVER WRATTH W reft. 26.000 
mb. White, elegant- JC2BJX» 
ono. Ot 730 3962 mon-sal. 

TURBO ~R” Brand new. AD ex- 
tras. Lb! price. Genuine private 
sate. Tel: 0202 766183. 

190s 1984 (MAY) Red. ABS 
Brakes, ele ttis sunroof. aBoy 
wlreeb. stereo radio etc. FUU 
MerrHb hslory I owner. 
A nor ox 43000 mites. New car 
Forres cate £8.950 for quick 
Ulr. 01 289 4703 office Mb 

280 CC. 1 9B0. automatic, electric 
roof, electric windows, cruise 
control. 2 owners from new. 
run service history, branttfol 
condition. Prlvale safe. £6-495 
ono. Tel: 01-638 1666. 

900 ML A Reg. Manganese 
brown, light brown vriour. 
s roof, alloys, air. ABS etc. 
£18.750. Tel 0923 777323 

450 SLC 1979 Thistle Oven, rrg 
no 400 EVE. Good cond- 
£8.995. 0703 760678 w/eiub. 
0703 775366 w/days T. 

220 AUTO, 03 FPT. 1909 bfue. 
MOT and Taxed, vgc. £l.BSO 
OOO Tel: 01-436 7486 

190 E 4 SPd Auto. 9.000 MIMS 
Only. PAS. C/L- R/Cast. P/.X 
POM £10.996 01-5060159 111 

280 *C 1982. Mel blue. 2SMS0 
mb. one owner, fun history. 
112 750. Tel. QxstWt 2171. 

190 E M C Bnghi Red. fun 
2 ruder kil. 6 speed. Sunroof. 
Alloys- Pioneer, elec ^aertal 
/nurrows. Sumpsttetid. flrtet- 
imounher 2.600 mb- £14 JSO 
Trt 0702 527477 DufeoU 
190 E C Reg Aura Padief red 
1 M. rtec s ■ roof, mdse conlrol. 
Blaupunki stereo. o£XX> nuus. 
I K supplied, used as 2nd c ar by 
1 lady owner, factory wacran- 
IV £13-230 07048 71826. 
280 SC Jan 84 Melanie bfue/ 
cream leather, alloy wheeb. 
efecirtc windows & sunroof, air 
rondUKmmg. muse control 
Ck-dric healed Iron! seab * 
ABS Tel: 0796 7714im 
84 IB) SOOCT A al o W i tt . Met aBlc 
gold. 17.000 mb Extras tn- 
rluor. elec seats. *noy wheels. 
Blaupunkt radio £23.950 ROSS- 
Brothers U± 0943 603261. 
MERCEDES 200 I9MS soeet 
PAS 1 owner. F5H. Mel 
Green/Green elolti l«m ADoys 
etc C«90O Mike Oraltani Sates 
0627 OIO00 or 0836 610160. 
500 SCL June 84.TbbUr and 
Braid leather, every extra su- 
perb rondWon. owner from 
new. will sell at £22.500. Tei :i 
North wood I 29496 
450 SCL 6.9. 1979. 61.000 miles, 
total spec. luD tuslofy. reeenl 
malor seivxe A 

Aiiver. ux. new MOT. supero- 
Sl?950onO Ol 668 0881. 
280 SE Peacock 
,y > fmmarutaie. 46.000 Macs. 
a/C. E/Seab- Alte«. Alarm 
etc MB Service. CliSBO ono 
Tel. 0796-78606 or 21906 . 

BULLET PROOF A Armour plat- 
ed Mercedes 360 SE T- reft. 
Only 4.500 rmlrt. FSH a H e x- 
lias £7.500 ono 0562 67803 
190 DR8S Mod 19.000 mb. Hts- 
lory ESR 5 speed. 1 .owner 
Red /Tan £10600 Tel: 0642 
674386 Grange Cam. 

230C 1984 AUTO, ughi ivory. 
ESR. e W. Mb lex. stereo. F SH- 
1 owner- immaeulale. CMGO 
ono Trt 06645 77014. 

190 E 83 4 Door. Aido. PAS. 
ComeniMe Brauufui 

9 000 mb. £21.960. Tel. 
EbaJgoiD 0702 827477 
280 E 83 iYi 36.000 mites FSM. 
allay v. ESR. H'W/W. 1AWS 
bfue. C8.760 0246 209881 

Day . 0246 21 12S3 Eve* 

3X0 sel 1982 m xcmK *. 

37.000 m ites . Private sate 
£13.995 ono Ol 690 5396 
Siome. Ol S99 2446 KJfltcel. 
3SOSL AUTO 1977 75.000 Mb 
Brenjr. Tax. MOT. RPd' Caas . 
Hurd new sotl iop New tyres. 
£8.450 01-940 Je52 
490 SLC 1980 Silver. Blue ve- 
lour. Air Cond. JElec sonrooi. 
alloys. W W. UnmacuUlr. 
£10 660 061 342 5764 
230CE COUPE 1983 ESR. *■*- 
me htslory. 37.000 mJJPF- 
£9.995 ono. 0782 5144 44<TI 
200 / 230E / 2C0E > JOOE 
Available for earned delivery. 

2 X 0 E auio. New. aU extras csop 
diwounl al £17.750. i07tn 
868329 018*3 2*42 day- T 

curv Blur. FSH £12-600 Tel. 
0444 85JIB •» 

200 MANUAL W lYO- > owner- 
i& Wnb Service fusrarv 
E4 995 tS. 0329 220111. 

300 - 420 / 900 / S80 U- Ck» 

v«ante for wW* ridivery- 

Ol 458 I75S.<T) 

500 SEL S4 cnamBagnc.26.W8 
mis FSH 

E20.45O. Tel Ol 242 00 £2 T. 
«■ ufB 70. Gold AT Con. 
^lof^wKeb L^ual Extra* 
S«Tffoi-95«’'»2 (U 
23s TE rt as Mm Bed. 

Trim 5Nd Mr 

eli I -1 995 Tel C*1 TOW 

MERCEDES 200 SE. November 
1983. Burgundy-Tan mienor. 
35.00 mues. air condhtammq. 
Imoocted when new. «ekent 
COmUUOII. £14.000. Td 09S2 

500 SEC. Immaculate rondmon/ 
Silver AH Bdras fuD SVC 
hnlory. MB Wftrrenly. 974100 
miles. 82 *V Reg privaie sale - 
£19.750 - no offora Tel: 01-948 
4541 IBUS1 01-878 2803 (AH). 

280 SE AUTO. 84 A Reg. White, 
un roof, air rood. 564)00 mb. 
£12.750. Td: 0*027 21100 
ibusineM hours ontyL 04027 
63716 r after 6 pou 

1985 190 E AUTO Red. S/1*X>f. 
Radio/SWreo. munac Goo 
£11.500 Td. 4)61-4344)996 or 
061-946-3266 111 

IMS 230 C AUTO S/Roof. 
Black. Radlo/Stcreo. Mini con. 
£10000 Td: 061-434-0996 or 
061-946-3266 (It 

ME RCE DES 290 SL lOa&red. 
service hbtoty. 4.900 mile*. 
£22.995.Td:01-699 7697 idayl 
or 10402*1 06308 (after 6pm) 

MERCEDES 850 SC 1950. AH 
usual extent. Blue Seal stereo. 
FSH. Beautiful motor. £7.100 
. ono. Ol 692 7099 or 461 -2306. 

OW. M Rrri. ID excelleM 
condition. Stiver Mink and Roy- 
al Blur £8260 ono. Td: 01 
960 3996 eve*/ Wends. 

maculair. Brewtut green, w w 
tyres. £9.000. 0942 48966 Of- 
fice. 0942 46157 after hours. 


CAR m exchange for flat In Oc4- 
wyn Bay. cash dUf nald. lei: 
0272 566666 Off. 662222 tun 
BOIL* tn exchange for Hal hi 
Cotwyn Day. cash dtff paid, let 
0272 566508 off. 562222 bm. 

BOM oct 84. Btack/bdge. I9C00 
mb 18 ntlh SAAB wty. I own- 
er Immac C&SSa 01-788 5701 


JPERA LOVERS! UvefV Italian 
aruis perlormed nionily by the 
Spaghetti Ooera Company at 
Parrot Pasta on the Park An 
nciliM new resuuram al 116 
KtugntsDnogr. SW 1 . Reserve 
your lame now on Ol 584 




Cs Stereos and Radios, Sun- 
roofs. Burglar Alarms aid 
Electric Windows afi supplied 
and fitted. Wateo Alarms 

ftp MBNbVRtafc feKtadhe 



tr TBHr ' * 

m * aftBf Jaiesjentta tlohM 

•• RBoroudijI 

>^(nm00-32»r : 


■MW 4k MERCEDES Endne A 
. transrobsion avUabfe from 
stock written guarantee on each 
unit or part. Td: 04 1 959 3626 
or 7497 Glasgow Ensmeerlng 

*88. House, pool 108 yds 
court*. See Short Lets. 





Meanders Cortoptost Tin. de- 

agn nabm only E&95 pet sq yo 
+ VAT. Wool mot Barter emiets 
*n unde Hessan tacked £05 
gff^sq yd + VAT. Whde duds 

MS Rtedi— tt Bridge Rd. 

Param Green. SML 

TetBl-731 3368/9 

Free estimaies-Expert fitting. 


PUTNEY Prof m/f own room, nr 
tune. £40 nw Td 0268 756094 
lABer 2.00 pm weekereui. 


PMNO Magnffkml Gerrean BaOy 
Grand. Fteconunoncd Harrods. 
Valued £1.660. 01-463 0148. 



43 Gicit Ormond Slr*«I 
London WC). 01 -COSO 10 1 

FLATMATES Selective Shanaft 
- • Writ eaiab i nt roductory service. 
Pise Ul for avpL Ol 689 6491. 
313 Bramptoo Road. SW3 . 
PAR1QNB GREEN shr lux <UL 
Prof n/£ o. r * both. £60 P.w. 
exd. Td 01-736 3513 wk-ends 
or 061 336 1281 w.-days. 
oref share lovely ftac nr snogs, 
lube dc- O ' R- £46 pw tncL TeL 
Tom Ol 731 4832 eves. 
PUTNEY. Lgr rm in pleasant flat 
nr Tube BR Over 30 pref 
£180 PCm ad. Td: 01 874 

5E11. Female mid 20t needed Id 
shr charming flat. Own rm. £36 
pw axel. Tel 930 2161 Ext 212 
(Ol Fieri or 6B2 6046 (Home) 
SW11 Artist Mate, prof 26-36. 
non sntoMDft reponstete wire 
goad sense of humour XlSO 
PCM exd. 223 9378. 
BAYSWATEK. O/r w»i terrace 
Ut mod nse for Prof . F N/S. £50 
pw. Inc- Eve /WE 01-243 0697 
CMtSWKK Female iZ6e i Io share 
mod CH 2 bed DM O r £66 
p.w. TekOl 747 1348 Frt eve. 
CLAPHAM share fbLO'r. 

£30p.w.excL Id 01 720 8636 
CLAPHAM - 2 prof M io snare 
snawe house. £36<aw each. 
228 4667 Eves/W-E. 

DULWICH F io sltr hse wtti 2 oth- 
ers. B rams stn. £HO pan. 
Avail Immed. 01 488 B706 day. 
HKHFCIT E DouMe sunny room 
for I prof person. £40- £50 pw 
CH Inc. Nr tune. 01-883 6290. 
MON-na ONLY Ealing ws Sun 
mid-week London commuter. 
N.s only. Rn4 01-623 1645. 
NIC. M;F N.S lux flat IO rains 
Liverpool St Own Ige rm CEO 
pw. TM 01-809 3431 MUfUme. 
NWS Share luxury flat own dou- 
ble room. £60-00 gw. Td Ol 
625 6683 

NWl professional 26+ to share 
mb house, own room. £160 
pent ad 686 2018 anytime. 
PUTNEY 2 Rim. Kd 4 bath, new- 
ty dec. C H. £88 pw. Sana Me 
for 2 young Prof. 01-788 2947 

summon m/f. n.s. oto. 

Vrgl, Char House. C.C.H Gdn. 

. £160 PCM Exc 01-390-5636. 
SWT. O r un- hse. GCH. mod 
cons. 25 + M'F prof. £140 
p.c.m. exrl 01-733 7764. 

SW6. prof M. 26*. N/S. O/R dl 
luxury raabonene. £42 pw 
exd. 736-9667 (eves). 

lux CH flat o< room. Nr BR. £35 
ex cl 01 947 9041 after 2 pm 
SW4 large sunny double room in 
lux flat available Rnmrdlatety 
£75 pw TekO!-3fiO 2461 
WI4 3rd person. 30's. n/s. share 
hse. dose amroenlrte* £.180 
pem exd. 603 5015 eves 
W DULWICH Lge sing rm Quiet 
prof N-s. sun ana £45 pw. 
me + breakfast- Tec76t 7845 


★★SAVE £££s** 

★ ★1ST CLASS** 



* SKHEY * * MEUauRK * 

* PERTH * 6 BKS« * 

* * * «a«x * 

* JQR8& 6*5 4FRCA 6 

* AUUUND 6 6 WniWCICM 6 

* Hi * * p uDKir> * 

* BM«®( * * IDKVD • 

* SMWOC * * IHRLA * 

* ClffiAl g * BMMi * 

+ un easi * * wma * 
+ USK* * * HUME * 

* icffwra * * vucwms « 

* t (WGBiS * * UWft * 


«* Stum MfiteCJ w-e 
* US* * US* * Ifi* *US» * 

S9 Sadb SL 

Figurines, animals, etc., want 
rd. Ol 885 0024. 


now urgently require to pnrehasa 


ftimtetllale eaah offer. Valnationg made. 

«SJ»ew‘Bonii Street, W.E TBlepbone 01-629 0651- 

m - Pmect cunaie. labuio us 
nwruam. superb food, in- 
tonated whm Fanlasur bargain 
pores for May and June orps. 
Biadon Lines Travel. 

Ol 7B& 2200. 

CU5ILUI l|M DM flight*, hota 
to Europe. USA 6 most desnna- 
um Dtplomaf Travel: 01-730 

of Faniasy can fly you any- 
where cheapen Tinker wtth a 
oeaonQiaat 3629 Anusooe 

Januara N. York. ToroMo. 
Attica. mdU. Far East 01-737 
2162 0659 ABTA. 


0 Buy a 
^ Swimming Poof 

The SPATA logo is your assurance of 
quality and reliability. Only SPATA 
members can offer SPaTaSURE - 
exclusive guarantee. 

Membership list and handbook from : 
Mr T. Lingham, 

SPATA, 01-291 3455 (24hrs) • 


WBRBUDON Druemurcs and 
ballots wanted for pro ale com- 
panies. Top prices paid. Ol 238 

Benz Ttavel. Td 01 386 6414. 

CHEAP FUQIfTB Worldwide. 
Ring HTT 01400 2455. 

CHEAP FUCdfTS Wonowide. 
Hay market Ol 930 1366. 

MALABA. FARO. Lowest land 
Ol 736 8191 AIM 1893. 

£1 ISrtn EurtKH Ol 437 B1D6 

SWITZERLAND Scheduled ntghb 
Ol 724 2388 ABTA ATOL 


Manufacturers of high qualify In-ground finer poofs 

Sdf-baM or instaAgd. 


Swimming pool specialists phone us now & we'll get 
you in the swm lor *86. We onty build the best sohd 
concrete rarrlorcaJ pools with tel tyoes ot finishes & 

heating (stems indoor/ouUoor i rr - rii 

piaaAg A design we (to R OB. 

0793 762380 

11/12 High SL Highworth. Wilts. 



Summer Solar Covers 

Pool Rcdlera 



CRETE £139. MEMMCA 2119 
ALGARVE £129. CORFU £129 
1ENEHFE £179, RHOOCS £139 
KOI £139, Sraaler Greek (tea 

venouk deps Itay/ Jure bc. wfo/ aw 
nr hotel accatn. plus fan (ram 
GawcK M M dtittf Outq supkv 
2»NQ deps Daly May! June 'jno 
bgoedlKU tHc &*nm BioeftutE 
(24 lusj/PSUnt butanQs. 

•- -vanuA-flauBAYS 

.-. I MBOi P I-251 5459. .. 
NANOE5IB 081-B34 S*33 
SHEFFfflJ) 9742 331109 

WH’TSL'N .SFF.L':.i\L5l 



•Air Ci;y:2dlys-S3 3 3-10 days £139 
lr;iu:ifiiii:-ha:s ■■.n:rr<;(i:m::^. 

2 r.:sh;tt1E5— 3 nich;i £229 ! 

9 r.ig>s-r-£25S— *0 r.i;fi:s-£25S /. . 
MAy 2i A-r oc;v:/-14'ijyji!33 . -, 


Genuine rinnivh Saunij_ 

flights eg. Rio £486. Lima 
£486 rtn. Abo Small Croup 
Hobday Jomrys.ieg Peru 
from £350, JLA 01-747-3108 
USA. S. America. Mid and Far 
CasL S Africa Trayvalc. 48 
Margaret SUM. Wl. Ol 580 
2928 (Visa Accepted) 

N/ YORK Miami LA. Cheapesi 
lam an maw U S schedided 
camerv Aton transatlantic 
charters* flignu fo Canada. Ol 
684 7371 ABTA 
FNtST DORM First served. 
Oarwlek-Ainens 19 May Two 
week* £76. Groves Travel Oi- 
360 8441 


Worldwide ateapaai (arev. 
RKtuTKmd Travel. 1 Duke St 
Richmond ABTA 01-940 4073. 
tow cost ntghi ecpercs.' Europe 
6 -W.'wMe. Freedom Hobdays 
01-741 4686 ATOL 432 IATA 
SPA*. fcfttlUfcAL, mecge: 


01 471 0047 ATOL 1640 - 
YUNNA For real perfect holiday 

i iilTi nmnv itii~i ill mxfrennto 

. IdeM Soring, Sunmuy Junraan 
Travel. 01 373 44tL 
Hair. Greece. Port. Canaries. Germany. 01-434 4326 
AUCANTE. FHO. Malaga etc. 
Donorn) Travel ATOL 1783. 
01-681 4641. Horsham 6864! 
AUMC ns?.. South Africa. 
UJS A. Hong Kong. Best Fares: 
01-493 7775 ABTA. 
DISCOUNTS 151/ Economy Hcfc 
eb>. Try us last, flight- 
BOOKERS 01-387 9100 
ECUADOR TRAVEL special LMs in 
Latin America A Europe air 
fares Tel: 01-437 7534 ABTA. 
fares Call BKWn Travel. Ot 
735 8191. Aim 1893. 

HOT TURKEY. IdylM beach ho- 
le!. £199 in May inc. 111., food, 
free w sports. Ol 326 1005. 

S YD /MEL £618 Penh C645 Ad 
major earners lo A US. NZ. Ol- 
594 7371 ABTA 
SOUTH AFRICA Johuro from 
£466 01-584 7371 ABTA. . 


Bridge Hse, Kaynwr Rd, 
HtoMOCkB, Susax 
TEL: (07818) 4700(4899 

iRUISE Turkey 12 berth crewed 
motor yacht 2 wks June 3. 17 
£365. whole noai availaote oth- 
er week* from £ 1000 . me 
ItbJood.w sports. Ol 326 
1005. AfOi 3091. 





ret aviv. 

new remit-.— 



_ 099 E645 

_ tZ*6 £438 

— t 93 EI79 

_ F139 E275 

_ El 3? EW5 

S22D £360 

... £162 £210 

01-370 6237 


Nairobi. Jo' Bure. Cairo. Du- 
bai. Istanbul. Singapore. KJL. 
DdbL Beogkoiu Hong Kong. 
Sydney. Europe. &,Tbe Ameri- 
cas. FtemuKD Travel. 3 New 
Quebec Sl Mart* Arch Loo- 
don WIH 7DD 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saiurday IOl(XMiOO 


Pans t89 N rora C'BB 

fraokkirt £85 LA/8F *3» 
Lapoa £320 Mom EiBfl 
MtfW £328 Sraapore £420 
Jooug £460 Bangkok £335 
Cmo E205 Kaonanau £440 
DaiBoa E33S Rancoon E3W 
HomKong £S10 CJq m £425 
piiiB mftt m Wb mi 
SOI t SUB _ 

21 5WRDW5L Lwbte m 
01439 2198/0 7 B537 

TAKE TIME Oft to Pans. Am 
clerdam. Brussels. Bruges. 
One' a. He r n e. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne A Dieppe Time Off 2a. 
Chester Ouse. London. SWI X 
7BQ. 01-236 8070. 

CYPRUS May June l or 2 wks 
Hotels Apts. Scheduled fUghu. 
pan World Hobdays Ol 734 





Simply Crate 
20,27/5. 2 weeks 

VHla with POOL Sleeps 4 
£149. mean + Accom. 


01'994 4462/S226 
(24hrs) ATOL 1922 

CORFU BARnARL £139 for a 
beaulifui villa ovrrtookuig sau. 
18 May. I June 1 wk ex 
Catwick. Last few seats remain 
mg. Ring Pan World Hobdays 
Ol 73* 2562 

GREECE. HoHdayi A flhdda still 
avamme mi scuson- Pfrane. Ot 
839605 ft GreeH6un HottOeys. 

dtfZCE- Unaeodl blank, dwan 
flmhtv.vina rentals ele. Zeus HM 
Ways. 01-434 10*7 AIM Ado. 

■HMOeSLuxury aMimrt from 
£129 p Tel- Sirarao 0706 



To Advertise, please caO 

01-481 1920 

The Palazzo 
Belmonte . . 

”. . . iras wonderful’ 
everything WMjust whal UK 
needed, mi we felt pnwfegetf 
io haue found such a fantastic 
piace~*irHe a euphoric client 
fast summer. Only a lew will 
have a owner la sample ihu 
unique holiday - a 17th 
century Palazzo, brought into 
the 20th century by Princa 
and Princess dl Bemonie. 
who have created beautiful, 
eleqani apartments. A pnveie 
beach, unpolluted sea. 
swimming pool combine to 
make il a magical holiday lor 
families Of couples wanting 
something very different In 
- Maltennc. unspoiled- - 
southern Inly. ’"I "t 
1 ‘ • Make 1986 the yearydu 
' holiday right: ask for 
brochure find. Greece. 


ABT.ATOl CV Travel rT) 

Tv f: Italian Department 
'*■ *- 43 Cadogan Street 
London SW3 2PR 
01-581 0851 
(3890132 - 24 hi 
brochure service) 

5CNU/CAPRLAH raw) n of ho- 
tels & character pensions. 
Holiday islands Ol 836-4383 

END. Indulge yourself ., you 
deserve it A weekend m Ven- 
ice. Florence, or Rome. Ul 
weO. drink well, shop weu and 
forgel about CngUnd's depress- 
ing weauwr. Or combine a city 
weekend with a week by the 
sea. Free brochure from Magic 
of Italy. Dcpl ST. 47 Shepherds 
Bush Green. Wia 8PS Tel: Ol 
749 7449 134 firs service) 






villas & Apartments (Tom 

£195 per week. , n 

Can Now 

0923 674310 

SWUNG BANK HOL-Prlvale vil- 
las in Atearve with stair & own 
pools. Hlhrw fits 22 May 2 wks 
Palmer £ Parker 01-493-5725. 

Hohdai-s ol dtsuncuon for the 
very lew TeL 01-491 0802.73 
Si James's Street, swi. 


STM DARTMOOR. To tel week ley 
June io Dec. £130-£190 per 
week. Luxury Farmhouse with 
own land and superb valley 
views. 3 dbte. 2 single bedims. 
2 naiits 2 receps. toe mod ML 
Tel: Ol 727 4905. 

tape wilb sunny patio A oarage. 
From £90 pw. 0803 845060. 


SABLE Model Coat BeaulHully 
styled. \ diued £26.000. Acrem 
£8.500. Tel Home 045 663 
2694. Tel BBS 021 236 9647. 




Art Gallery seeks In lel- 
llpent practical person 
for hand-colouring an- 
tique prims and 
ttecoraUng mounts. 

RShC 01-720 4007 


SECRETARKS for ArctulecB ti 
Designers. Permanent & tempts, 
rary pontoon*. AM6A Speoabfl 
Rrc Cons. Ol 734 0632 


KL *°» COON Take charge Imam 

native bar maefcs. 26 cove, 
restaurant Herefarasture pub- 
Hr house Cond salary, bonus 
scheme, uve m Please Tel. Ol 
727 6934 


S AUQUM foi- s 3 month 
?T?S! ems LnnmHee 
P air Intr oduetoon ServK, 

■ wo/ I'd 


57 Regent SUniXondOD Wl 


Ano mJidWf aoms temp pern 



**May 1 5: The Secretary-General 
*!br the United Nations and 
^Sehora de Cuellar had the 
„ ^honour of being received by The 

> Sir Antony Acland (Perma- 
4 'neht Under-Secretary of State 
■>for Foreign and Commonwealth 
•.■Affairs) was present in 
1 Attendance. 

V Mr M. L. Creek (British High 
‘Commissioner to the Republic 

Vanuatu) and Mrs Creek had 
v jiie honour of being received by 
**Her Majesty. 

' Mr R. J. Alston was received 

.'in audience by The Queen and 
;* .-kissed hands upon his appoint- 
j Tneni as Her Majesty ’s Ambas- 
®;sador Extraordinary and 
‘ Plenipotentiary at Muscat. 

Mrs Alston nad the honour of 
being received by The Queen. 

•• The Queen. Patron, this after- 
noon opened the new Sixth 
Form building of the Royal 
■Caledonian Schools, Busbey, 


The Queen was received by 
Her Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant 
for Hertfordshire (Mr Simon 
Bowes-Lyon). the President of 
'■the Schools (the Duke of Argyll), 
.the Chairman (Mr James 
-.Coltan) and the Master (Cap- 
,;«in R. E Wilson, RN). 

The Queen unveiled a 
-Commemorative plaque, 
opened Janies Coltan House 
and. afterwards, toured the 

The Hon Mary Morrison. Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Lieutenant- 
Colonel Blair Stewan-Wilson 
were in attendance. 

• The Princess Anne. Mre Marie 
-.Phillips, visited Sheffield today. 

; Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived this morning by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
South 'Yorkshire (Lieutenant- 
: Colonel J. H. Neill), and sub- 
sequently toured the factory of 
Fletchers Bakeries (Managing 
Director. Mr G. Fletcher). 

. The Princess Anne, Mis Mark 
'Phillips, then drove to South 
Yorkshire Police Training Cen- 
- ire at Ecdesfield and. having 
been received by the Assistant 
. Chief Constable (Mr K. Ander- 
son). opened and toured the 

In the afternoon Her Royal 
.Highness. Preseident of the 
Riding for the Disabled Associ- 
ation. visited the Sheffield 
Group (Chairman. Mrs A. Hus- 
band) at Millview Riding 
School, Fulwood. 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
! Phillips, attended by Mrs Rich- 
ard Carew Pole, travelled in an 
aircraft ofThe Queen's Flight 
1 By command of The Queen, 
'the Baroness Hooper (Baroness 
in Waiting) was present at Royal 
Air Force Nonholt ibis after- 
noon upon the departure ofThe 
Princess Margaret. Countess of 
Snowcfon .for. .the Netherlands 




and bade farewell to Her Royal 
Highness on behalf of Her 

May IS; The Princess Margaret, 
Countess of Snowdon, left 
Royal Air Force Northolt in an 
aircraft of The Queen's Flight 
this afternoon to visit The 
Netherlands in connection with 
the commemoration of the 
400th Anniversary of the An- 
glican Chaplaincy at The Hague. 

Her Royal Highness was re- 
ceived at the RAF Station by 
His Excellency Mr J. L R. 
Huydecoper (Ambassador of 
The Netherlands), Sir Edwin 
Arvowsmith (Special Repre- 
sentative of the Secretary of 
State for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs) and Wing Com- 
mander Gardner (Officer in 
Charge, 32 Squadron Royal Air 

Mrs Jane Stevens and Major 
The Lord Napier and Ettnck 
were in attendance. 
The Duchess of Gloucester, 
Patron of the London Suzuki 
Group, was present this evening 
at a concert at Hampton Court 

Mts Euan McCorquodale was 
in attendance. 

May 15: The Duchess of Kent 
this evening attended a 
Schubertiade Concert at the St 
George Street Gallery, 

Miss Sarah Partridge was in 

May 15: Princess Alexandra 
this morning opened the 
Alexandra Unit, the Commu- 
nity Hospice at the Dumfries 
and Galloway Royal Infirmary. 

As part of the celebrations to 
mark the 800th Anniversary of 
the granting of a Royal Charter 
to the Burgh of Dumfries. Her 
Royal Highness afterwards at- 
tended a Reception at the 
Municipal Chambers and 
opened the Robert Bums Cen- 
tre. Dumfries. 

Lady Mary Fitzalan-Howard 
was in attendance. 

The Prince of Wales. President 
of the HMS Kelly Reunion 
Association, will attend the 
reunion dinner to be held on 
board HMS President. King's 
Reach. Victoria Embankment, 
on May 17. 

The Queen and Princess Anne 
will visit the Chelsea Flower 
Show on May 19. 

The Queen will present the new 
Queen's colour to the Ports- 
mouth Command at HMS Ex- 
cellent, Whale Island, 
Portsmouth, on May 21. 

Princess Anne will attend the 
Prix de Diane-Hermes at Chan- 
tilly. France, on June IS. 

The Prince and Princess of 
Wales will visit Oman. Qatar. 
Bahrain and Saudi Arabia in 

Forthcoming marriages 

Oxford Society 

Membership of the Oxford Soci- 
ety is open to all matriculated 
members of Oxford University 
and also to those who have 
engaged for three or more terms 

in academic work in the univer- 
sity or in any of its colleges. 

and diplomas awarded by the 
university are also eligible. The 
society has branches throughout 
the United Kingdom and in 
most overseas countries. For 
full details of activities and 
benefits of membership please 
write to Dr H. A. Hurren, The 
Oxford Society. 8 Wellington 
Square. Oxford, 0X1 2HY, or 
telephone Oxford (0865) 59345. 

Coopers’ Company 

The following have been elected 
officers of the Coopers’ Com- 
pany for the ensuing year 

Master. Mr J F Howard: Upper 
Warden. Mr D U Jones: Under 
Warden. Mr W M Heath. 

Mr KJVL Carlisle, MP, , 
and Mbs CC. Heffner 
The engagement is announced 
between Kenneth, son of the late 
Mr K_ R. M. 'Carlisle, and of the 
Hdn Mrs Carlisle, of Airiie 
Gardens, London, W8, and 
Carla, younger daughter of Mr 
and Mis A. W. Heffner, of 
Maryland. United States. 

Mr AJ*. CoehUn 
and Miss P§. Trongbtoo 

The engagement is announced 
between Anthony, elder son of 
Mr and Mrs R. A. Coghlan, of . 
20 Vincent Square, London, 
SWl, and Phillips, only daugb- 
■■ ter of Colonel and Mrs C D. B. 
Trough ton, of Pear Tree House, 
Fressmgftdd. Eye, Suffolk. 

Mr N J>.M. Heath 
and Miss V. Godfrey 
The engagement is announced 
between Nicholas, son of the 
late Mr Ted Heath and of Mrs 
Mona Heath, of Wey bridge, 
Surrey, and Victoria, daughter 
of Lieutenant-Commander and 
Mrs. Robert Godfrey,, of 
Twinsiead Hall, Sudbury, 

Mr H.C Harrell 
ud Miss F.A. Brace 
The. engagement is announced 
between Henry, son of the fate 
Mr and Mrs Reginald Hurrefl, 
of Newton Manor, Cambridge- 
shire. and Fiona, daughter of Mr 
and Mrs Douglas Bruce, ofThe 
Willows. Barkway. 


Mr L. Janes. 

and Miss J.Tk-omgoote' 

The’ engagement is announced 
between Lawrence, son of Mr 
and Mrs Robin Janes, of 9 
Coleridge Walk, London, 
NWl l, and Julia, second daugh- 
ter- of Mr and Mrs Jolyon 
Dromgoole, of 13 Gladstone 
Street, London. SE1 6EY- 

and Miss S-SondU 
The engagement is announced 
betwerat Paul, son of Mr and 
Mrs John Hanratty, of Kirby, 
Liverpool, and Sonita, only 
daughter of Mr and Mrs ICuldip 
Raj-- Sondhi; of Mombasa, 

MrTJLMansbant ■ 
and Dr S.R. Chadwick - - 

The e nga g ement is annouced 
between Toby, son of Mr and 
Mrs J.R. Merchant, of East 
Mdesey, Surrey, and Sarah, 
daughter of Mr L_ Chadwick, 

CBE. and Mrs Chadwidc, of 
Lypiatx Park, Gloucestershire. 

Mr Y. Margvy 
and Miss ILSackl 
The engagement is announced 
between Yair, son of Ezra and 
ShulamiT Maiguy, of Tel Aviv, 
-Israel, and Linda, daughter, of 
Kenneth and Nanette Sadri, of 

Mr PJ. Morrissey 
and Miss D-J.C. Withinshaw 
The engagement is announoed 
b e twe en Patrick, only son of Mr 
and Mrs P. A. Morrissey, of 
Poulner Hill, Hampshire, and 
Deborah, elder daughter of Mr 
and Mrs J. H. Withinshaw, of 
Whitley, Cheshire. 

JVIr RJLF. Powne 
and Mbs CMJ. Johnson 

The engagement is announced 
between Richard Alexander 
Fem’er, son of Mr and Mrs 
Michael Powne, of Bath, and 
Christina Mary, daughter of 
Colonel and Mrs James John- 
son, of Oxted, Surrey and 

Mr S J. Rdd-Kay 
and Miss AX. Fraser 
The engagement is announced 
between Simon, elder son of Mr 
. apd , Mrs . A.D. . Reid-Kay, of 
' Caxribuskenueth, Stirling, and 
Alexandra, youngest daughter of 
Air Commodore arid Mrs A.W. 
Fraser, of Belgravia. London. 

and Miss LA- Dyer . 

The engage m ent is announced 
between John, son of Mr J. 
Trouw and the late Commander 
J. Trouw, Royal Netherlands 
Navy, of Horning. Norfolk, and 
Lesley Anne, daughter of Mr 
and Mr A. Dyer, of Oxford. 

Consistent driver who 
lacked winning flair 


MrP. Daulby 

and MissC.-de Wend F en to n 
The marriage took {dace bn May 
10, ’ at Si .Mary’s, Ebberston. 
Yorkshire, of Mr Patrick' 
Daulby and Miss Clarissa de 
Wend Fenton. The Rev C.C 
Forster officiated. 

A reception was held at 
Ebberston Halt The honey- 
moon is being spent in Greece:. 

Science report 

Research brings hope 
for cancer patients 

By Thomson Prentice, Science Correspondent 

Progress in a genetic engi- 
neering project coaid give 
scientists an understanding of 
bow both heart disease and 
cancer are caused, and lead to 
new treatments for patients. 

A team at the Clinical 
Research Centre at North wick 
Park Hospital, Harrow, north 
London, has identified gene 
probes which show the route to 
a protein chain gene, one of 
two, biown as A and B, which 
make up a substance called 
platelet derived growth factor 

The function of PDGF, an 
important constituent of plate- 
lets in the blood, is to repair 
damaged blood vessels. 

Bat qnnlrmg and high cho- 
lesterol can cause the manu- 
facture of additional amounts 
of the substance, leading to an 
increase in the number of cells 
in the artery wall, and eventu- 
ally coronary thrombosis. 

The gene for the B chain of 
PDGF was found two years 
ago, and displayed similarities 

to oncogenes, which -are acti- 
vated . in certain types of 

The molecular medicine re- 
search group at Northwick 
Park, led by Dr James Scott, 
has now found the probes for 
the A chain, and can study the 
role of the growth factor both 
in its normal repair function, 
and as a cancer agent 

“Both the A and B chain 
genes seem to be important in 
both normal and abnormal 
vascular repair, and to be 
maih In a mmiber Of ranwr 
cells.” Dr Scott said. 

“Coronary . heart disease 
and cancer are the two leading 
causes of death in modern 
society, so we are excited by 
the prospects of learning notch 
more about how this growth 
factor works. We need to know 
more about the role It plays 
both atherosclerosis and 

The team's research is being 
conducted in collaboration 
with specialists at-. Uppsala 
University in Sweden. 

Births, Marriages, Deaths -and In Memoriam 

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1. P—ng aa StnM. into El. 


OUST On May 15th. to Maureen (nfe 
r-McCHniock) and Murray, a daugh- 
_->ter. Charlotte Marie. With grateful 
thanks to all at Queen QiarfonCs. 

h®TOpn May I lUi at Bristol Mateml- 
-«ty Hospital, to Marilyn (nee Thomas) 
*,and Robert, a son. James Alexander. 

URAODEU. May 14UI. in Zurich, to 
_ Michael and Clare (nee Haggasi a 
r . daughter Amelia Kate, a stster (or 

^■MnUY On May 15th 1986. la Lucy 

^inee Blackburn) and Ian. a daughter 
7 Mary Esther. 

Cartwright on May i4th to saity 
■ jnd PauL a son at Guy's Hospital. 
CHESTERTON On 14ft May 1936 at 
VTaunlon. to Side and Cotin. a son 
"■•Harry (after great-grandfather) 
^brother for James and George 
-CCMJPE On 1 4th May at St Thomas* 
- - HospUaL to Jane titee Carter) and Mi- 
-„;cftaei. a son Oliver James Russell. 
jMSSARCUES - On May 7lb to Char- 
lotte (net King) and Ottvter. a 
daughter. Alexandra. 

BICKER - On May 15th al Sussex 
County Hospital. Brighton, to David 
and Miriam, a son Paul Hullo. 
DUNN. On 14th May at Poole, to Aim 
into Brown) and Vivian, a daughter. 

FLOWER On 12th May 1986, at Royal 
Bucks HospUaL Aylesbury, to Rita 
Marie trtee Sustacfta Alvarez) and 
Frank, a beautiful daughter. 
"Francesca Rita Lucy. 

GATHERER On April 27th. at Sunder- 
land. to David and Virginia (nie 
Stevens) a son, Myles Dominic 
Rowell. Grateful thanks to all hosjrt- 
lal stair co n cerned 

CRATWICK On May 10 th 1986. In 
Dundee, to Adrian Stuart and Jemd* 
fer Ro semary a son Henry WhUfleM. 
GUEST - On llth May to Diana <nte 
Moore) -and Timothy, a boy David 

HUMPHREY To Elizabeth and Geof- 
frey at Sahshmy. on May 14th. a 
daughter Penny. 

MAm On - i3th May. at Queen 
Charlotte's, to Margaret (nfe 
O'Connor) and Robert, a son Patrick 

PARTRIDGE On May 13th. 1966 to 
Caroline (pfe schofleid) and James, 
in Guernsey, a daughter. Harriet a 
sister for Simon and Charlotte. 
PATTMSON On 13th May to Mchati 
and Oare (nee Charlton) a son. at St 
Teresa's Hospital, WimMedon. a 
brothe r for Victoria and rttoam n*. 
SHOD- on May L50L in Australia, to 
Jenny and Christopher, a son. 
S “Sf «*«** M*V 1966. to Marion 
HjeeMrdi and Martin, a son Robert 
i nomas. - 

SHMLmKTOr to sutti (nee 
BWdjdptu and D avid, on May 13th at 
queen Qurtotica. a daughter Chloe. 

STEKTON tin 14th May 1986. to Ka- 
ren (n*e Knight) and David, a son 
James Richard. 

TBARD To Rob and Alison, of RAF. 
Odiham- a beautiful son Thomas 
Robert, born 7th May 1986. 

VANFITTAKT On May 12th al the 
Royal Shrewsbury Hospital, to Pe- 
nelope inee Wood) and Michael, a 
son Jonathan Christopher Bexley, a 
brother for Nicholas. 

WALKER On 4th May al SL Mary's. 
Paddington, to Jane otee Shaw) and 
Nicholas, a son. Thomas William 

YAIOELL On May 7th 1986 at The 
City Hospital. Nottingham to Barbara 
tnee Galvin) and Peter, a son. Joseph 
Anthony, a brother for Dingle and 


HARLECH The marriage between 
Franas David. 6 th Baron Harlech, 
and Amanda Jane Grieve, took place 
at Oswestry. Shropshire, an Wednes- 
day 14th May. 


The marriage of Dr Francis PeeL son 
of Mn and Mrs E Peel of Redditch. to 
Gillian APPS. daughter of Mr and Mre 
W Apps of Colchester. took place on 
Saturday 10 th May at Colchester 
Quaker Meeting House. 

On May 2 nd 1 986. In St Loda. West 
Indies, between Miss Sheralyne Jen- 
nifer Britton dauWiler of Mr w H and 
Mrs E D E Britton of BMwpstcm. 
Bristol and Lft Nicholas Geraint Wil- 
liams Royal Marines. Son of the late 
Mr A F Williams and Mm L Williams 
of Sutton Courtenay. Oxfordshire. 


BARRINGTON On May 13Ui 1986. at 
St Mary's. Dublin. Gwendoline 
Mary, aged 100 years. 

BODY - on May 13th. 1986. after a 
long Illness. Brigadier Peter Richard 
Body. 1 st the Queens Dragoon 
Guards: beloved husband of SheiJa 
and dear father of Jam*. PhiUlppa. 
Evelyn and Mark. Funeral Service at 
Langton Ma travels parish Church. 
Swanage. Dorset, at 12 noon on 
Monday May 19th. Flowers and en- 
quiries to James Smith Ltd. 60s 
Kings Road. Swanage. Tel: (0929) 
422445. There win be no memorial 
ser vice al his own request. 

■OSWOHTH 25Ui May In boqtftai In 
Harrogate. George Stmms BosworUi 
C3.E.. a dearly loved husband and 
father. Funeral private. Donations to 
tus memory may be given to the Brit- 
ish Heart Foundation. Midland Bank. 
Pro spect Crescent. Harrogate. 

BROCK On 14th May 1986. Annette 
Ruck, widow of Cpt DlC. Brock. 
CB.E.. R.N. Manorial Service at St 
Peter's Church. Guernsey. Monday 
19Ui May 1 1.00am. Donations if de- 
aired to Cancer Research. 

CROWE On 1 3th May. suddenly wtmst 
out On his walk. Sydney Robert of 
Walton-OD-the-Hill. Beloved husband , 
ofHUda. adored tether of Peter. An- 
thony. Heather and Rosemary. 
Loving grandpa and brother, sadly 
missed by the Racing World. Service 
al St Peter's Church. WaUon-on-the- 
HJO. Surrey, an Tuesday 20 th May 
at 2.30pm. Enquiries and flowers to* 
L Hawkins A Sons. 2 Highlands 
Road. Lsdberhead 0572 372436 . 

BALL On 9tn May 1986. Horace Ed- 
ward StaflonL peacefully at home 
166 Stocidngrioue Road. Luton, aged 
86 years. Funeral sw-tce on Monday 
19th May at si Mary'S Parish 
Church. Luton, at 2JS0pm. Private 
cremation on Tuesday 20 th May. Re- 
ception for an attending funeral win 
be at the Strathmore Hotel, after the 
funeral service. Flowers and etrauh 
ries to Neville Funeral Services. 3u 
March Road. Luton 0682 574902. 

on May the 9m 1986 peacefully ana- 
suffering from leukaemia for 4 
years. Yatianily and patiently 
bourne. He wlO'be remembered with 
treat love by aU. Funeral has taken 
place on 16th May In Athens. May he 
rest in peace. Donations if desired to 
Haematology Dept Research Fund. 

C O Dr. Bolton. John Radctifle Hos- 
pna). O xford QX3 90U- 

FROMNGS Doris Lilian, peacefully at 
Hawera Hospital. Taranaki. New 
Zealand on Thursday May 8 th. Be- 
loved wife of Arthur WlOtam and 
mother-in-law of John and 
Rosamund: loved gran of DaaieL 
Emma and Mary-Jane In her 87tb 

GfOFFHI On 14th Mi$ J386..a£& ; 
home in Bassingtiam. Lincoln, after • 
an illness fought with courage. 
Gillian Lesley inee HartandX Much 
loved wife of John, devoted mother 
of Andrew. Christopher and Jona- 
than and beloved daughter of Leslie 
and Enid. Funeral service at Si 
Michael's Church. Basstogham. at 
2 . 00 pm on Monday May 19th fol- 
lowed by Interment. Flowers at her 
request but garden or bunches only 
In the hope that donations could then 
be made for Cancer Research 
through Robert Ash and Sons Funer- 
al Directors. Walnut House. 
Basstngham. Lincoln. 

HOPSON On May 13th 1986. Wayne 
John. R. AJ.. Air Lnadmaster. heli- 
copter crewman an Mount Young. 
FSUUand islands. Beloved husband of 
Kim and faOvy of Abner Beloved 
friend of Peter. Meg. Vicky and 
Garreth “Trite friendship Is hard to 
find, cannot be replaced, and win 
. never be forgotten." 

HGOLDBY On May 13th 1966. at the 
Royal Surrey County HospitaL 
Guildford. Eric (BUI) aged 94. Funer- 
al Service at Hobnbury St Mary 
Parish Church, on May 21 st at 

JONES - Thomas E imy s. D-C .I - aged 
46. following a trank accident, i llh 
May 1986. Remembered with veal 
respect and deep affection by No. 6 
R.C.S. (HariowX 

KING On May isth at home. Major 
Charles Richard Forbes, aged 72 
years. Husband of Janet tether of 
Jonathan and Miranda. Private fu- 
neral. Donations, if desired, may be 
sent to the Royal Engineers’ Associa- 
tion. Brampton Barracks. Outturn. 
Kent ME4 4UG, A Memorial Service 
' wUl be held at Bath Abbey on Tues- 
day. May 20 th. at noon. 

UNDSAY Wflitam Dents Mary. Be- 
loved son of Moya and Walton, and 
brother of WaKon. Catherine. Moya 
and Peter, peacefully at l.OOam on 
May 14th 1986. Requiem Mass at the 
Church of the Holy GhosL 36 Night- 
ingale Square. SW 12 . Tuesday 20 th 
May at 10.30 am. followed by burial 
at Putney Vale Cemetery. 

LOWMAM On May 14th 1966. Ernest 
Jack, late of Angmering. West Sus- 
sex. and former Senior Partner of 
Bukraig & Davis Solicitors. Beloved 
husband of JU. Sadly missed by his 
family and friends. Cremation pri- 
vate. Flowers please to H D Tribe 
Ltd. 130 Broadwater Rd. Worthing 

MARSH - On May 14th. 1986 at Us 
home. 69 CartmeU Road. SL Aimes 
cm Sea. Frank, beloved husband of 
the late Doris MabeL dearly loved te- 
ther of Jean. Geoffrey ad Muri«L 
and a loving tether-in-law. gvdA- 
ther and great-grandfather. 
Enautries please to J & A Porter. TeL 
Lytham (0263) 736423. f 

NIXON On 13th May 1986. to hospital. 
John Savfle Nbeon. aged 74 yean. 
Dearly loved brother of the late Mar- 
forte Mary Nixon. Funeral Service at 
Wandsworth Cemetery. Magdalen 
Road. SW18. on Friday 23rd May at 
2 . 00 pm. AO enquiries to; A France ft 
Son. TeL 01-405 4901. 

PEEL On May 9tn 1986 in hospHaL 
Dr. Michael Christopher, of Kings 
College. London. Funeral service on 
Friday May 16th at iptn at Poole 
Crematorium. FamOy flowers only 
pteiwe but donations, tf so desired, 
for SL Mary’s HospitaL Paddln^ou 

League of Friemis may be sent to The 
Lawns Funeral Home. 366 
Rtngwood Road. Panstone. Poole. 
0202 743156 

REES On May 14th 1966. Jack Rees 
Priest until 1989 for 32 yean Vfcar 
of canford Cliffs and Sandbanks, 
Poole, much loved husband of Rene 
and dear father of Margaret and 
John. Funeral Service Wednesday 
2lst May ZJOpm. at the Church of 
the Transfiguration. Canford CUfb. 
private cremation foOowing. Oboa- 
Uons in lieu of flowers for Sandbanks 
Development Fund win be gratefully 
received by Dertc-ScofL Portman 
Lodge Funeral Home, Bournemouth. 

HUSSELLfCOWAN Aten of Keustnglni 
born Kelowna. Canada 1916. Be- 
loved husband of Diana and much 
loved tether of Rfchara. Lynne and 
grandchildren. Vernation Thursday 
May 22nd. Ham at Putney Vale. 
Family {towers. Donations to Arthri- 
tis and Rhuemebsm Council for 
Research- C/o Ashtons. 96a Fulham 
Road. SW3. 

SlEimfoH.lAyjAi Jjfefepeaodm 
ty to Newbury District HospitaL 
Monica Margaret, beloved wife of 
Die tote Mllorad Stektt. only cbfid of 
the late Herbert Nicholson Lipscomb 
of St Albans, in her 79th year. Requi- 
em Mas al the church of St Francis 
de Sales. Wash Common. Newbury, 
on Monday May 1 9th at 2 JXkXD fol- 
lowed by burial al Hermitage 
Cemetery- Garden flowers only by 
her own requesL 

STILE1IAN On May 14th 1986. sud- 
denly Peter Learmouth. adored 
husband of Bob. tether of Alan. Rich- 
ard and David and grandfather of 
Pets-. Sarah. Timothy. Sally. Pat- 
rick. • Nicholas. Edward and 
Alexands. Service of Thanksgiving 
11.30am Tuesday: May 20th St 
Peters ad BSncnla. WUbomitfi 
Green: Flows* to church. 
STUCHBOIY On May 12 th 1986. tat 
the wouam Harvey Hospital 
Ashford.- Arthur LesUe Stuchbery 
CBX. Service at Charing 
Crem atori um on Monday May 19th 
at 2 JO pm. Family flowers only hut 
donations U desired to Methodist 
Homes for the Aged. 1 Central 
Buildings. Matthew Parker SL 
London SWl or to The Royal 
Masonic HospitaL Samaritans Fund. 
Ravenscouri Park. London W 6 . . 
THEOBALD On May l4Ui 1986 peace- 
fully in her sleep at University 
Hospital. Nottingham, after a long Ill- 
ness bravely borne. Shirley Joan 
Theobald (nee Fullef). Beloved wife 
of Bernard aid dear mother of Ra- 
chel. Hurt and Jonathan. Funeral 
service a SL Pauls Ctunris. Bound- 
ary Road. West BtldgfuU. 
Nottingham at 1 JOpm on Monday 
May 19th. foHowed by private cre- 
mation. Family Dowers only and 
donations, if desired, to Donations 
Account Department of Obstetrics 
and Gynaecology. University of Not- 
tingham. c/o A- W. Lymn. Robin 
Hood House. Robin Hood Street. 

WALLACE On May 13th 1986. Brian 
Albert beloved husband of Karts and 
father of Justin. Jessica and 
Arabella, at home, of cancer. Funer- 
al Maas at the Sacred Heart Church. 
Lambourn, on Monday May 19th 
1986 at 2~30prn. Family flowers 
only, but donations, tf desired, to aid 
of Community Nurstog. may be sent 
c/o Barclays Bank. Lambourn. AU 
enquiries to W T Adams ft Col Fu- 
neral Directors. Lambourn 71492. 
WILLIAMS, Arthur James (BIB) late of 
Butler TTO. much loved and mime d 
by wife Cette Heather, sisters Mario- 
lie and Marie, nephews, nieces and 
family, peacefully a Middlesex Hos- 
pital on May 13th. Cremation 
private, no flowers, donations If 
'wished to Electoral Reform Society. 
2EAL Qn-JIUi May-1986' peacefully 
Raymond Oakley Aged 87 years, of 
Luton. Somerset. Formerly of South 
Croydon. Sorrey. Dearly loved hus- 
band of Nancy ft devoted tether of 
John; Jane ft- Anne. FttuereS Service 
at AB Salats Church. Sanderstead 
Monday I9th May at 2J90 pro. Fam- 
ily flowers only. Denotations if 
desired to The RNU C/O Sherlock & 
Sms. Trellis House. Dorking. 

BARNES A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the life of Charles Austen Barnes 
MJ.E wfl] be held at St Mary le 
Strand Church, at 12 noon on Friday 
6 th June. Donations towards new 
Itymm books as a memorial should 
be ssit to the Rev. Edward Thomp- 
son.. St Maty to Strand Church. 
Strand WC2R 1 ES. 

LLOYD, Sylvia C on sta nce , late or 
North Cowt. Lower Hmtires. Canter- 
boy and formerly' of Woodstde 
School. Red H1U. 

The M a no ri al Sendee wane held at 
upper Hardres Church, an Tuesday. 
June iodu at li.OOara. AU her 
friends wffl be welcome. 


AOAZAfBAN Noel to Chevalier F/O. 
Royal Air Force, .vjl. klBed to ac- 
tion 16UI May 1941. cyrenalca. and 
jack diaries Stanmore. F/Lt Royal 
Air Force V.R_ died 29th March 
194 s. Ftossenberq. 'Detur Gloria Sod 


EHo de Angelis, ftaiy's most 
Prix driver io the current era, 
died yesterday of injuries sus- 
tained in an accident on 
Wednesday while testing a 
Brabham-BMW Formula I 
car in the South of France. He 
was 28. 

In a career spanning seven 
stasons. he accumulated 122 
World Championship points. 
His third place in the 1984 
World Championship - the 
best performance tw an It alian 
driver since the 1950s - was, 
however, built on his ability 
repeatedly to score high places 
rather than outright victories. . 
- De Angelis’s .only Grand 
Prix wins were in Austria in " 
1982- and Imola, Italy, last: 
year, yet he managed to fmish 
somewhere in the top six in no 
fewer than 43 of his 108 . 
places. - : 

After making , his .Grand 
jPrix debut with the Shadow 
team m 1979, he moved to 
Lotus, with whom he spent 1 
the next six seasons before 
transferring to Brabham this 

The oldest of four children 
and the son of Gftdio de 
Angriis, once one ofltaly’s top 
power-boat racers, Elio bad to 
work hard in the formative 
stages of his career to answer 
the suggestion that his success- 
es, first in karting, then in 
motor-rating, were the result 
of his wealthy family being - 
able to buy him the best 
possible machinery. 

. He developed a .yery 
aad smooth style, sad-even 
though he may have lacked 
ihe“uge** instinct to become 
a persistent winger at Grand 
Pnx fevd, Us ability to drive 
comperifivtiy without wear- 
ing om (us cars made him a 
valuable member of his cho- 
sen team. 

An .a&round athlete, he 
ezgoyed skiing on both snow 
and water, as weft as footbaH, 
tennis, and deep-sea fishing. 
He was also an accomplished 
pianist who wrote several pop 
songs as a hobby. - 
- A gentle and likeable per- 
son, be wffl -widely 
mourned by the Grand Prix. 
Soieadty.^ .- : 


Holy Child School, 
.pgbasfcn; ,^-j 

Holy ChfJa'ScBddT oHebrates its 
fiftieth year in Edgbaston in 
July, 1986. A jubilee weekend 
on July 4/5 begins on the Friday 
with a jubilee bail at the Grand 
Hotel. Bhmhgham. On Sat- 
urday, July 5, an old girls and 
staff reunion will be held at the 
school followed by con- 
celebrated Mass at St 
Catherine’s Church. Bristol 
Sfreet. Former pupils and 
friends of the school are invited 
to these events. Further 
are available from the school 

St Hugh’sCoUege, 
Oxford ;••• 

St Hugh's College announces, in 
its centenary year, that the target 
figure of £2 million, set for its 
development appeal when it was 
launched seven years ago, has 
now been reached and exceeded. 
The college wishes to express its 
gratitude to its old members and 
to many friends and benefactors 
who have contributed. 

Birthdays today 

Mr Bernard. Braden, 70; Sir 
Colin . Cote.- ‘ 64; . Mr’ Don 
Concannon, 56; Pi qfesSor'Nor- 
man Davis,- 73: Sir- Nicholas 
Goodison; 52; Mr Roy Hudd, 
50; Mr- Geraint Jones, 69; 
Major-General Sir Desmond 
Langley, 56; -Sir John -Pilcher. 
74; the Right Rev Kenneth 
Skdton, 68; Sir Charles Wilson, 
77; Sir Russell Wood, 64- .. 

Professor Edwin Hi2s,CBE* 
FRS, the disdngptslKd Aus- 
iralian geoic^ist, died in Mel- 
bourne on May 1, aged 79. 

His knowledge of Australia 
was profound and his Own 
scientific researches were re- 
markable - for their breadth 
and range. Under his guid- 
ance, a set of detailed geologi- 
cal maps of Australia was 
prepared. " 

Edwin Sherboa Hills was 
born in Melbourne on August 
31,. 19W, and anended foe 
University of Mefootme 
where .he reotived his early 
training in geology. In 1929 he 
won at exhibition to study af 
foe Royal College of Mines is 
London. He retuised to Mel- 
bourne as a lecturer and was 
appointed professor in 1944. 

He was responsible for foe 
growth and development of an 
outstanding department of ge- - 
ology, one that beats compari- 
son with any in the 
Common wealth. 

His earliest work involved 
structural mapping ^ 'in' 'rugged . 
bosh country, and he’ was a 
master of btehCrafti'' • 

He punished many p^tis 

and books, indnding Outlines 
<$ Structural Geology 0940), 
an able textbook. The Physiog- 
raphy of Victoria (1941), 
winch has applications fer 
ee&ide foe state, and E/e- 

Lands: a Geographical Ap- 
prmsoL ptJOlfettfd m oro. 

• HiOs travelled widely in 
Africa. Asa and foe Middle 
East, showing alwaysa paitrc- 
nbr afifeefion fifr foe most 
banes coqntries. ;He was 
chairman of foe ‘United Na- 
tions committed on arid mu! 
semi-arid regions. 

Elected a. EeBow of the 
Royal Society m 1954. he also 
had foe distinction of being a 
founder feSow of foe Austra- 
lian Academy. He was created 
a CBE in 1971. 

Tlte Umvosity of Dufoam 
conferred bn him anhonorary 
DSc in i960, his work 'on 
Devonian ftmg-fishes being of 
importance to rcsOaft h at the 
mnversky,-- ■ 



Signora Maria Bellonci, foe 
Italian historical novdist and 
journalist, died on May 13 in a 
Rome hospital after a long 
illness. She was 84. 

Founder of foe annual Ital- 
ian Strega literary prize in 
1944, and a past president of 
the international PEN writers’ 
dub, Maria Bellonci was born 
in Rome in 1902. 

. She became well known for 
her vivid and psychologically 
incisive historical novels, no- 
taWy Lucrezia Borgia (1939) 
and / Segreti : dei Gonzaga 
(1947), both of which were 
translated imoEngJish. 

The former, set in the 
threatened but stiff sunlit 
world of the High Renais- 
sance, is an authoritative - 
study of Lncreria Borgia with 
Bellond's imagination, ax 
times colourful, reaching into 
the mind of foe character. 1 

The latte- was /translated in 
1956 by Stuart Hood with foe 
English title, A ' Prince af 
Mantua. Not much interested 
in. foe broader history of foe 
period, the .ambition of the 
book was not to provide -a * 
balanced picture of a nfter, his 
city and his -state; liut to be - 

behind the confessional and 
beneath foe bed. 

As a styite and s&xy'teUer 
alone, Belkmci commanded 
respect; where she compelled 
admiration was by putting 
these gifts at foe service of 
serious biography. 

Within Italy she had, in her 
younger days, pdayed a major 
part in literary journalism, 
and had coflaboratedin many 
of the leading fiterary reviews. 

She was married to the 
literary critic, GofTredo 

Rose Mftcdosnell, a founder 
member and former president 
of the Association of Women 
iii . Public Relations, died at 
her flat in London on May 8. 

She was the widow of A. G. 
Macdonnell, author at En- 
gland. Their England, whose 
celebrated account of a cricket 
match is often to be found in 

-After a career in British 
fums, she was Women's Edi- 
tor of Pritchard, Wood public 
relations in the 1950s and 
1960s, later becoming an inde- 
pendent consnftanL 


Mr Richard Luce, Minister of 
Stale, Privy Council Office, was 
host at a reception, held yes- 
terday at Admiralty House' in 
honour of groups of Finnish, 
French and German civil ser- 
vants participating in a QvB 
Service College course. 
Westminster School '. j 

The ..third Adrian. Boub me- 
morial concert, given by Mr 
John Lift, took place at West- 
minster School yesterday. The 
bead master held a reception 
afterwards in Ashbuniham 

Starlight Ban 

A reception was held yesterday 
everting at the Hilton hotel. Park 
Lane, to launch The Starlight 
Ball, to-be bdd there on October 
8. in aid of The Asthma Re- 
search Council. The chairman 
of the ball is Udy Emery, the 
junior committee chairman, is 
Miss Amanda Halstead and the 
honorary organiser, is Mrs_Mary 
Spinks. - i . - ' 


HM Government 
Mr Tim Eggar, Minister of State 
for Foreign ami Commonwealth 
Affairs, was host yesterday at a 
luncheon bdd at Lancaster 
House in honour of the 
Commonwealth-French Joint 
Committee of the Common- 
wealth War Graves 

Lord Mayer of Westminster 
The Lord Mayor of West- 
minster gave, a buffet luncheon 
for members of the Diplomatic: 
Association ; at City.. Hall 


HM-' 1 


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Little of 
a future 

“I feel like I'm privy to 
centuries of universal mys- 
tery* says the used-car sales- 
man Arnold Bristow — .phi 
-by Roy Knmear — in BBC_ _ 
staggeringly unfunny comedy 
series Clairvoyant. He refers 
to the trances into which he 
has been plunged ever since a 
bang on the head. Looking like 
a .comatose trout, his latest 
vision is that of a tortoise. *1 
expect HI work op to natural 
disasters and things.* In fact 
the production team, ably 
steered by Roy Clarke's la- 
mentable script, is well on that 
road already. People often 
born their fingers in playing 
withthe fatnre, but it does not 
take a' Madame Sosostris to 
foresee this series' fate. 

There was also canned 
- laughter onBBCl with Carla 
Lane's Bread. about a Liver- 
pool family deserted by then- 
father. In attempting to be 
more serious than perhaps she 
is capable, Carla Lane bastes 
an ordinary sit-com with the 
watery sauce of Catholicism 
and social concern. As for the 
father, who appears one 
breakfast from ■ the empty 
street (where be works as a 
cleaner). It simply does not do, 
SS-a technique for malting him 
come to life, for him jn repeat 
every line spewing from his 
mouth. The poverty rings hol- 
low too: eight different janes 
were oh the break&st-tabfe; 

It was over a play featuring 
a pickled penis in a jar that 
W. Stephen Gilbert left Peb- 
ble Mill. He is now back in 
favour as producer of BBC2's 
King of the Ghetto — a kind of 
“Passage to Tower Hamlets * 1 
where the roles of immigrant 
Bengali and traditional -East 
Ender have been not only 
inverted but confounded. Far- 
rnkh Dhondy's Four-parter is 
.very raw — in its acting and 
execution — and very earnest, 
but both 'Tim Roth as the 
. unthinking benefactor of 
homeless coloureds and Gwy- 
‘ neth Strong as a middle-class 
‘ liberal (a “behaffist", I think 
Mr Dhondy might say) stand 
out. As Safiq, Dinesh Shukla 
seems to be constantly halt- 
turning towards the director’s 



Cinema: Geoff Brown in London, David Robinson at Cannes 

Chillingly meticulous character 

He Died With His 
Eyes Open (18) 
Cannon Premiere 

NineVz Weeks (18) 
ABC Shaftesbury 

The Slumber Party 
Streetwalkin 9 (18) 
ICA Cinema 

The Hitcher (18) 
Prince Charles . 

The scene is a ban a cop drinks and 
the phone rings. “It's far you. 
Inspector", says the barman — a 
line heard in several hundred crime 
films. Usually it signals a new, hot 
due; in the French thriller He Died 
With His Eyes Open the caller, 
Charlotte Rampling, simply wants 
the cop to talk dirty. During an 
earlier encounter the inspector r- 
played with sly precision by Michel 
SerraiUt — threw olive pips ai the 

barman's forehead. Clearly, this is. 
no run-of-the-mill cop. Serrault's 

Inspector Staniland pursues the 
case of a murdered drunkard (and 
former concert pianist) with so' 
much insolence and disdain for the 
rules that the film ultimately seems 
a character-study in a thriller's 

He Died With His Eyes Open 
(French title On Ne Meurt Que 2 
Fois) is the work of Jacques Deray, 

a prolific exponent of French 
commercial cinema, busy since the 
mid-Sixties and fully conscious of 
his heritage. As influences be has. 
cited old-guard directors like. Julien 
Duvivier, Rene Clement and Hen- 
ri -Geo rees CIouzctl The Qouzot of 
Quai ties orfivres and L' Assassin 
habile au 21 seems his particular 
mentor here: there is a similar 
cynicism about human behaviour, 
a similar passion for populating 
thrillers with off-beat types from 
the detective downwards. One step 
down from Staniland, for instance, 
we find Charlotte Rampling's Bar- 
bara, the murdered Chariy's lover 
and a femme fatale from bead to 
toe; lower down still, we find a 
stepson involved in drugs, a meat 
wholesaler, a studio photographer. 
Deray- parades them with sardonic 
curiosity, and watches Staniland’s 
Obsession with Chariy grow to 
encompass an obsession with Bar- " 
bara herself 

This character-orientated ap- 
proach allows Serranlt ample scope 
for his meticulous depiction of a 
disgruntled loner, vicariously tast- 
ing the life of the murder victim; 
but the portrait is achieved at the 
expense of narrative cohesion. 
Cues on the order of size-nine 
loafers are duly announced only to 
lie fallow, lost in the pile of 
behavioural oddities; and the final 
rush of twists and revelations may 
not satisfy purists. But this is, on 
the whole, a decent piece of work — 
absorbing, intelligent,, nicely sensi- 
tive to human quirks and sorrows. 

Boy loves girt the romantic • 
formula sustained -so many past 
movies. Now love matters less than 
muscles and fire-power, though the 
occasional film still gives it promi- 
nence. Ip the grotesque Nine Vi 
Weeks, from the British director of 
Flashdance . Adrian Lyne, the girl is 

a New York art-gallery worker 
whose self-absorption leaves no 
room for men; yet. after one glance 
frpm the delicatessen doorway, her 
lips slip imo a pout. Fora-while this 
is a textbook affair he buys her that 
expensive scarf, and they go on the : 
town clutching a balloon. But the 
relationship quickly reveals a dark- 
er side. The girl is caressed with a 
dripping ice-cube, blindfolded and 
humiliated; their love-making 
spills out of the boy's barren 
apartment into wet, dark alleys and 
the clock mechanism of a skyscrap- 
er. The affair is massively obses- 
sive, sinister and self-destructive: it 
lasts, of course, nine and a half 

There is the potential here for 
various kinds of film: a story of 
amour Jim in the-Bunuel manner; a- 
mordant account of a warped New - 
York romance; a straightforward 
slab of pornography. Afrwfc Weeks 
distastefully dithers between all 
three categories — victim of a 
shooting style that splinters the 
narrative into flashy two-minute 
segments and a script that purpose- 
fully avoids detail. It may be fitting 
that the boy — played with prac- 
tised moroseness by Mickey 
Rourke — is a cloudy figure living 
off vague financial deals; but the 
scanty depiction of the girl's nor- 
mal life only makes her character 
uselessly unsympathetic (some- 
thing that Kim Basinger does 
nothing to counterbalance). With 
no connecting tissue to provide 
-depth or tension, the film swiftly 
degenerates imo . its component ' 
pans: a string of high-gloss com- 
mercials for modern furnishings, 
various drinks and the soundtrack 
album. ' 

Over the years the Institute of 
Contemporary Arts has found 
contemporary art in many strange 

places, so we should not be too 
surprised to find it currently tout- 
ing blood-spattered exploitation 
movies by young women film- 
makers. On Jhe surface. Amy. 
Jones's The Slumber Party Massa- 
cre and Joan . Freeman’s 
Streetwalkut'. produced for Roger 
Corman several years ago, offer the 
same ingredients as their male 
counterparts- Crazed men pursue 
their prey with drills, knives and 
fisis; the camera moves in at the 
first hint of nudity: women follow 
the Fay Wray method and scream, 
scream, scream. But apparently 
there is more here than meets the 
eye: in an entertaining video 
interview recently released by the 
ICA. Amy Jones talks — fortunate- 
ly with a wry twinkle — about her 
film’s "uniquely feminist point of 
view”. Six of the nine corpses are 
male, she avers, while the plot 
embodies the basic female fear of 
rape and loss of virginity. Most of 
the males, she might have pointed 
out. are also dolts and red herrings, 
who quickly abandon the slumber 
party to their fate. 

Such details, however, finally 
seem just feminist icing on the 
chauvinist cake, put there, along 
with black humour, to add spice to 
a film deliberately undertaken as a 
stepping-stone to better things 
(“It's so hard to get a movie". Jones 
laments in the interview). So far 
the better things have included 
Love Letters, released last week - a 
film! with a clean, authoritative 
visual style and an admirable 
feeling for the diverse texture of 
human relationships. 

Streetwalkin'. for the record, is a 
coarse pot-boiler about a teenage 
hooker, no feminist icing is 

“He comes from Hell", the 
poster for Roger Harmon's The 

Inspector, Clouzor style: Michel Serrault obsessed with Charlotte 
Rampling iuid Xavier DnJoc in He Died With His Eyes Open 

Hitcher informs us: “Don't ask 
him where he wants to go to!" He 
wouldn't tell ’ us. anyway, for 
Rutger Hauer's stranger is a man of 
few words — most of them sneering 
taunts to the young driver pursued 
and ensnared with diabolic cun- 
ning along deserted roads. The 
script for this exercise in American 
highway Angst is extremely feeble. 

and Hauer's blue-eyed chill became 
boring several films ago; 
C. Thomas HowelL, however, is 
properly panic-stricken as the 
killer's target, and John Seale's 

photography is excellent Warning 
lights flashing in the dark; sunshine 

filtering into police corridors; the 
lowering expanse of a Texas sky: 
these are the Film's glories.— G.B. 

Griffin Donne's comic discipline in Scorsese’s After Hours 

There is a morbid tendency in 
the European cinema just now 
for twenty-year-after sequels. 
The latest to revisit his youth 
is Claude Lelouch, who was 
swept to international, reputa- 
tion at the twentieth Cannes 
Festival in. 1966 with A Man 
and a Woman, and now 
presents A Man and a Wom- 
an —Twenty Tears Later. 

It has the same stars, Anouk 
Aimee and Jean-Louis Trin- 
lignant, playing the same char- 
acters. who come together 
again after years in which they 
have drifted apart. Aimee has 
become a film producer, 
which results in a fihn-within- 

a-film device as she revives 
the story of their twenty-year- 
old love. This however is only 
one strand in a frenzy of 
activity., including a multiple 
sex murderocand Trintignam 
lost in the North' African 
desert. The -farrago could not 
be sillier, but Leloucb's bravu- 
ra. Aimfe's' charm and the 
clever interpolation of frag- 
ments of the old film wifi 
probably ensure commercial 

The other French entries 
have celebrated odder loves. 
After the unconventional me- 
nage a irois in Bertrand Blier's 
Tenue de soiree, Marco 

Ferreri's hero in I Love Yon 
has a passion for a key-chain, 
while Nagisa Oshima's hero- 
ine in Max, My Love has an 
affair with a chimpanzee. The 
Ferrari film clumsily ham- 
mers at one small joke; a man 
who finds the ideal partner in 
a little plastic head which 
squeaks “I love you" to order. 

Oshima's first French film, 
which 1 wrote about while it 
was in production, is more 
considerable. The script is by 
Jean -Claude Carridre. who 
might have intended its bi- 
zarre story for his old collabo- 
rator Luis Bunuei. Oshima 
however brings a different 

sensibility to the resolution of 
the odd triangle of husband 
(Anthony Higgins k wife 
(Charlotte Rampling) and 
monkey. His approach is 
tender and curious, never 
scabrous or sensational, and 
his comedy is touching as well 
as funny. 

In another brilliant comedy. 
After Hours. Manin Scorsese 
views his own New York in a 
different light from Mean 
Streets or Taxi Driver. A self- 
confident young computer- 
operator has a date in New 
York's SoHo with a strange 
girl who proves even stranger 
than he thought. The encoun- 

ter sets off an escalation of 
farcical catastrophe, rooted in 
all Scorsese's nightmares of 
contemporary urban life — 
which include burglars, vigi- 
lantes. neuroses, commercial 
sex. bullying taxi-drivers and 

Scripted by Joseph Minion, 
the comic trajectory is fault- 
lessly structured to its climax, 
and dextrously played by a 
wonderfully disciplined young 
comedian, Griffin Dunne, and 
a supporting cast of admirable 
character players. With come- 
dy a rarity in festival competi- 
tions. Scorsese makes a fair 
bid for a major award. — D.R. 



Bobby Bate 

National Ballroom, 

While the facade of the grand 
old country mansion may 
.comprise some of the stars 
that he has helped to positions 
of prominence, Bobby Bare 
may. be considered in architec- 
tural terms as one of that 
house's principal RSJs. Al- 
though less .obviously success- 
ful than .Kris Kristofferson 
and Waylon Jennings, two of 
the artists he helped to expose. 
Bare is nevertheless one of a 
handful of country stars from 
the Sixties currently to have a 
major recording coolracL 

Stepping into the ballroom 
was like coining across a faded 
.sepia photograph. A modestly- 
sized audience sal sedately in 
neatly laid-out rows of mould- 
ed plastic chairs, while a DJ in 
formal dress stood attentively 
behind the kind of flickering 
disco system still popular at 
cui-raie wedding receptions. 

In a curious order of events; 
Bare, appeared and sang a 
diabolical " duet . with the 
show's headlining star, the 
glittering Billie JO Spears; they 

engaged m brief banter, before 
..she left him with her band to 
-play.bis sec': ' ; * 

Dressed iq a denim jacket, 
jeans andia-plain^tyfaJie cow- 
■ boy. hat, • . the „ imperturbable' 
Baft strummed his guitar and 
sang; in a deep, lazy drawl. A 
string of his early hits, “500 
. Miles Away From Home", 
"Four Strong Winds" and 
"Shame On Me", called to 
mind those original tenets of 
country music 7 honesty, 
sincerity and pain suffered 
with dignity — that Hank 
Wangford has lampooned so 
mercilessly. Wangford, how- 
ever, was. m the audience on 
.Wednesday' night, and he 
looked genuinely respectful 
For Bare is the uncomipted 
article, an immensely likeable 
performer whose understated 
delivery speaks quiet vol- 
umes. He scrupulously avoids 
the intensity that can lead to 
crocodile tears, and instead a 
wry, anachronistic line in 
risque h umoiir emerged in two 
She! Silverstein compositions. 
"The Mermaid Song" and 
"The Winner", a bar-room 
brawler’s fable on the price of 
success. Although the gaudy 
paintwork .of the country mu- 
sic household .has worn a little 
thin over the years, the frame- 
work remains sound. . 

David Sinclair 

T hea t re ~ 

r'.i* -*“XnL 



Prince Edward 

Endless hype, rubbernecking 
crowds and cheers to raise the 
roof — noth withstanding all 
this. Chess turns out to be a 
fine piece of work that shows 
the dinosaur mega-musical 

evolving ^into an intelligent 

form of 
. The usual, tactic in this form 
of entertainment is to draw on 
every orchestral and technical 
device the modern theatre has 
to offer so as to brainwash the 
audience imo the illusion that 
they are witnessing a great 
event. As this piece approach- 
es its climax with thunderous 
reprises of Sweden's answer to 

"Land of Hope and Glory", 

it th 

f r I* 

This production is 

one of these pearls you knew e xist Put 
rave to open hundreds cf theatre doors to fine. 
Everythingaboutiri^ perfect.;;, . -& 

■ cet happy and ' M 

see this show' 

^ ' j ir • ; ■ - • - 

.... , 

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BARBICAN 01.628 8795/638 8891 

something of this old habit 
persists; but. for most of the 
way. the show deploys its 
armoury of resources to pul 
over a strongly imagined fable 
with wit, panache, passion and 
a strong moral centre. ; 

Suggested- by the.. Fis- 
cher/Spassky tournament. 
Chess follows the queers of 
two world champions — one 
Russian, one American — 
from an opening match in 
Italy to a showdown in Bang- 
kok. Initially, with a Hindu 
temple number celebrating the 
origins of the game followed 
by the arrival of the principals' 
on Robert Wagner’s checker- 
board stage, with the two kings 
taking their places on opposite 
sides of the board, you expea 
a plot cunningly geared to the 
moves of. the pieces. It is. a 
false due. 

The real aim of Tim Rice's 
book is to present the players 

as pawns in the surrounding' 
political game; so that — for 
the defecting Anatoly — win- 
ning the championship means 
that he loses his family, and 
his Western girlfriend loses 
her Soviet father. 

The conditions of this game 
are set up from the start, with 
Anatoly feeing a brattish, 
fiercely anti -Communist op- 
ponent fori either ride' are the 
apparatchiks of Russia and 
America, .and,, separating 
them, ;a referee who 'fits imo 
■the scheme as a priest of dress. 

Despite Jacobean theatrical 
interest in the game, chess 
seems the unlikeliest subject 
for a blockbusting spectacle of 
this order, and its way of 
achieving that effect is partly 
through straightforward deco- 
ration. Every change of loca- 
tion, from the Hindu prelude 
to the Thai finale, brings out a 
lavish tourist display. 

In the last of these, Trevor 
Nunn throws in a complete 
guided tour of Bangkok, in- 
cluding massage -parlours, 
boxing, queues of delectable 
courtesans' and more 'than 
Anthony Mingdla showed of 
the dty in a whole night out at 
the AJdwych. 

But this rarely puts any 
strain on the narrative which, 
when its moment comes, in- 
variably emerges in perfect 
focus. Much of the show, 
indeed, is extremely modest. 
Benny Anderssdn's and Bjorn 
Ulvaeus’s score supports 
much of the vocal line with 
unemphaiic ostinaios and 
vamps; and its home style 
might be' called Moog ba- 
roque. Its -main success is in 
achieving expressive melody 

that exactly follows- the con- 
tours of Rice's lyrics. 

Those, as always, are practi- 
cally coextensive with the 
book. They occasionally hit 
the spoken word, only to 
rebound instantly into rhyme, 
but the line-lengths gel their 
own melody from syncopa- 
tion based on the ringers’ 
thought-processes, sometimes 
stretching out like elastic, 
sometimes contracting hard 
like a.ctenched fist. 

: The one narrative miscalcu- 
lation lies in the treatment of 
the two rivals. Anatoly (Tom- 
my Korberg) has a searing top 
register and is most plausibly 
cast as a thoughtful Russian 
with his heart in the right 
place. But he does not com- 
pare in dramatic interest with 
the ghastly Trumper (Murray 
Head), first seen insulting the 
folk-dancing welcome com- 
mittee and going on to flatten 
a member of the Press corps. 


by their conductor^ Lduis 
Fremaux; wsenfTfidinmh ing . 

Festival flail/' 
Radio 3 

Yo mstteTf Sb.‘ ' N6Y fofOHf 

mauendM Filter Hurfnni ax 

Perhaps it has something to do 
with all those agreements that 
have recently been signed 
concerning the building of the 
Channel Tunnel, but London 
seems to be in the midst of a 
remarkably Gallic season. Si- 
mon Rattle's “A pres I’Apres- 
Midi" project is under way. 
while the Royal Philharmonic . 
Society's series “Les Grands 
Maitres Francais” came to iis 
resounding close on Wednes- 
day with (what else?) Saint- 
Saens's thunderous Organ 
Symphony. That, of course, is 
hardly the most subtle piece of 
music around, and the 
Bournemouth Symphony Or- 
chestra. heartily encouraged 

the- org 3 n,. : although;. it- was 
good to -witness such firm 
rhythmic control .in this hy- 
brid of a warhorse. 

Earlier there had been an- 
other curiosity in the form of 
the Symphonic sur un chant 
montagnard francais of Vin- 
cent d'Indy, written in 1 8S6 as 
a direct response to Wagner’s 
plea to French composers to 
turn away from Germanic 
sources of inspiration towards 
those of their own country. 

Frankly. d'Indy s first at- 
tempt to convert himself from 
one who worshipped the 
Aystro-German tradition imo 
an out-and-out nationalist to- 
day sounds almost outra- 
geously ambitious and in- 
flated. Often his progressions 
from mood to mood seem 
awkward, while the simple 
tune that forms the basis of the 
work and which is submitted 

to a Lisztian process of meta- 
f morptfosiT never- ' loses Tts 
‘ identity completely and soon 
JKmms&AlmJe irritating^ 

- ’•GhrFitimost ■forgot -“there 
is also a piano solo part taken 
here well enough by Michel 
Dalbetlo, but neither fining -a 
conventional orchestral role 
nor parading itself in a real 
concerto-like manner. ; 

Still, the Bournemouth mu- 
sicians played the piece for 
more than it was worth, and 
prefaced it with two delicious 
things. First there was Bizet's 
rarely heard Panic, a substan- 
tial work full of good ideas and 
equally rich in atmosphere. Its 
orchestration is arguably as 
brilliant as any Bizet, and each 
player in the large band took 
every opportunity that was 
offered. Then came Debussy^ 
beautiful, if over-elaborate, 
arrangement of two of Satie's 
Gymnop&Hes, both done with 
quite admirable control. 

Stephen Pettitt 

Head plays him with obnox- 
ious star quality, and goes on 
to give an account of himself 
Tn one of the best numbers of 
the night, “Pity the Child", 
but thereafter he fades out, 
leaving his opposite number 
to a crisis of conscience that 
arouses more interest in the 
dirty tricks department (zest- 
fully led by John Turner) than 
in the hero. 

Elaine Paige, as a torch- 
carrying second who switches 
sides to the defeaor, contrib- 
utes a vocally blazing perfor- 
mance, though emotionally it 
counts for more in her divided 
duet with the abandoned Sovi- 
et.wiie than with her menfolk. 

Irving Wardle 


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‘Racism’ trial 
for teacher 
over article 

anger on 

By Michael Horsnell 

The “trial*’ of a teacher 
accused of racism by his 
colleagues at a multi-cultural 
-education centre will be held 
‘ in Bristol today. 

A disciplinary charge 
'against Mr Jonathan Savery, 
aged 37, a teacher of English to 
» ethnic minorities, is being 
* brought by the Avon county 
•director of education, Mr 
Peter Coleman, after com- 
plaints about an article he 
wrote in the right-wing period- 
ical Salisbun' Review Iasi July. 


In a case reminiscent of the 
Honeyford cause cel&ve in 
Bradford Mr Savery could be 
recommended by a panel of 
county councillors for dis- 
missal from his job with the 
Avon Multicultural Centre. . 

A powerful section of main- 
ly Asian staff at the centre 
calling itself the Multicultural 
Education Afro-Caribbean 
and Asian Workers' group 
(Macaw) first complained 
against Mr Savery Iasi No- 
vember, when he expressed 
objections to the policy of 
some colleagues of actively 

teaching anti-racism 

For this he was accused of 
racism and excluded from 
future staff meetings. 

It was only after Macaw, led 
-by Mr Charanjit Singh^de- 
manded an inquiry into Mr 
SaveryV alleged .racism, that 
the group's supporters discov- 
ered the article he had written 
four months earlier in the 
Salisbury Review, in which he 
attacked the creed of anti- 
racism as “witchcraft 

He wrote: “The anti -racists' 
apparent interest in education 
rarely seems to extend beyond 
the stage of parading the 
underachievement of certain 
groups as 'proof of racism. 
Their true concerns are politi- 
cal rather than pedagogical. ” 

Mr Savery, who is attached 
to Menydown boys’ compre- 
hensive school in Bristol by 
his employers at the centre to 
teach English to children from 
ethnic minorities, said yester- 
day: “I stand for good, effec- 
tive teaching which will give 
tangible benefit to the 

BCal sheds 1,000 jobs 
to save £30m a year 

.Continued from page 1 
company run by its founder 
Sir Adam Thomson and a 
number of old associates is 
clearly an unwilling bride, and 
Mr (Tollman firmly squashed 
takeover talk yesterday. 
BCal '5 name has also been 
linked with Cathay Pacific, the 
highly successful Hong Kong 
airline, but nothing has come 
of it 

BCal has a net worth of 
£130 million to £130 million 
and is owned mainly by 
financial institutions with 
smaller shareholdings by indi- 
viduals. staff and directors led 
by Sir Adam who founded the 
group after the War with a 
second-hand aircraft he flew 

News of the redundancies 
had been taken well by union 
leaders, Mr Coltman said. 
They were naturally con- 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 
The Queen opens the - Royal 
Holloway and Bedford New 
College at Egham, 130. * 
Princess Anno- presents 
medallions . to commemorate 
the 20tb .anniversary of the 
Winston Churchill Memorial 
Trust, Guildhall, EC2, 2.30. 

Exhibitions in progress 
Paintings by Eanfley Knollys; 
City Art Gallery. Civic Centre. 
Southampton; Tues to Fri 10 to 
S, Sat 10 to 4, Sun 2 to 5 (ends 
June 1 5). 

■ Fox Talbot: Father of modem 
photography: Reading Central 
Library, Kings Rd: Mon. Wed 
and Sat 9.30 lo 5. Tues, Thurs. 
Fri 9.30 to 7 (ends May. 24). 

The Eye of the Storm: Scot- 
tish artists and the nuclear arms 
debate; The Smith Art Gallery 
and Museum, Dumbarton Rd, 
Stirling; Wed to Sun 2 to 5, Sal 
10.30 to 3 (ends June 1 5). 

cerned and sad. but deter- 
mined to stick together and 
solve the problem: He did not 
anticipate industrial 
aciionand there would be no 
cutbacks in safety, operations, 
or maintenance. 

Both Mr Coltman and Mr 
Michael Bishop, chairman of 
the rival British Midland air- 
line attributed BCal’s troubles 
largely to the Government's 
failure in 1984 to provide 
greater competitive opportu- 
nities to private sector airlines 
at the expense of British 

BCal had to make do with a. 
swap of their Latin American 
routes, which were in trouble 
after the Falklands war. with 
BA's Saudi Arabia routes. 

But then the Saudi routes 
fait trouble as a result of the fill! 
in oil prices and Middle East 
economic activity. 

Derby's Industrial Environ- 
ment; Industrial Museum. 
Derby; Tues to Fri 10 to 5, Sat 
10 to 4.45 (ends May 31). 

Matisse: Illustrations For Ron- 
s®d;- RezeUe Houser Rozefle 
Park.' Ayn ; Mbn to‘S8flFI<36 t 5, 
Sun 2 to S (ends May;-! 8). * 
Lancashire South ‘of the 
Sands: The rural l andscape; 
Blackburn Museum and Art 
Gallery, Museum St; Mon to Sat 
930 to 5 (ends June 21). 

Philip Hicks new paintings; 
Bohun Gallery, Station Rd, 
Heuley-oo-Thaines, Oxon; Mon 
to Sat 10 to I and 2 to 530, 
closed Wed (ends June 5). 


English Northern 

Philharmonia Orchestra. Royal 
Concert HalL Theatre Square. 

Nottingham, 7-30. 

Recital by the Brass -Belies; 
12.45: Concert by the . King's 
Singers, 8; Chelmsford 

Concert by the Lindsay String 

This is what the motorway 
that was bnflt to provide an 
rmcongested route round Lon- 
don looked like at breakfast 
time yesterday on its worst 
stretch between Staines and 
Wisley, Surrey (Michael Mc- 
Carthy writes). 

Traffic was at a standstill, 
backing up from the notorious 
Thorpe junction, where the M25 
meets the M3 (Jnnction 12), 
back past the Cherstey inter- 
change (Junction 11) and on 
towards Junction 10 at Wisley. 

On many mornings — and 
weekenders in Hampshire 
should be warned that Mondays 
are worst — the word motorway 

s mm'w 

becomes a misnomer for the two 
six-lane highways where they 
meet just south of Staines. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
responded to mounting criticism 
earlier this week by announcing 
an emergency study of peak 
hour flows on the M25Ts south- 
west quadrant. 

His department is seeking 
consultants' advice on how best 
to relieve the pressure: whether 
by remodelling the junctions, 
changing traffic management 
arrangements or adding a fourth 
lane to each carriageway. 

The last option might prove 
the most successful in the long 

run, but as any works win 
themselves involve further de- 
lays, the decision is a delicate 
one, if Mr Ridley is to avoid 
becoming the most unpopular 
Transport Minister since Er- 
nest Marples introduced die 
parking meter. The consultants’ 
report is expected next month. 

Road users'* are angry that the 
still unfinished London Orbital 
Motorway, to give it its fall 
name, was specifically intended 
to. relieve congestion, but in 
many parts has only created ft. 

Yesterday morning, for exam- 
ple, there were long delays at 
another notorious M25 bottle- 
neck, the Hartford Tunnel, 

where the motorway passes 
beneath the Thames east of 

It is estimated that the Gov- 
erament faces a hill of £500 mil- 
lion or more to cope property 
with the motorway’s overoWd- 
ing in the next ten years. 

Addressing the Federation of 
Civil Engineering Contractors 
on Tuesday evening, Mr Ridley 
said : “We should remember 
when we read in the press about 
overcrowding on the M25 that 
high density of traffic is ev- 
idence of success.” 1 

Some drivers yesterday mom- 
find it a moot point 
for HarryKerr), . 


The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,047 













Quartet with Burfaard Glaetzner 
(oboe), 12.45; Concert by the 
Chamber Orches tr a of Europe 
and Wind Soloists, J7.45; Cru- 
cible Theatre Studio, Sheffield 
by the me Midlands 
Early ' Music Ensemble; 
-Rotbwefl -Parish Church. 730. 

: cafi&rtTl^ p 4h^Tlalle Or- 
chestra; (teKS&vy.Towtt.Hidl, 
7.30. . 

Recital by Tracy Chad well 
(soprano) and Dorothy Line 11 
(guitar/lute); The Council 
Chamber, Civic Centre, Read- 
ing. 12-45. 

Schumann the Romantic 
Scenes from life in words and 
music by Penelope Roskell (pi- 
ano) and Rosalind Rawnsley 
(voice); Ullet Road Unitarian 
Church,. Liverpool 730. 

Talks and lectures. 

; Government without - con- 
sent, by. Conor Cruise O'Brien; 
Cam Lane Church Centre, Bir- 
mingham,' 7.45. 

Domesday Book and its 
medieval users, by Dr Elizabeth 
HaUam Smith; El vet Riverside 
Lecture Rooms, New El vet, 
Durham City, 5.15. 


The Fen land annual antiques 
fair; Riverside Mailings. Ely. 
today 2 to 8, tomorrow and Sun 
li to 5. 

Book Fain Assembly Rooms, 
York: today 2 to 8. tomorrow 10 
to 5. 

Moulton Village Festival: tra- 
ditional maycart procession, 
carnival craft market,- dancing 
arid street fete: for information 
contact (0604) 46818/46766 
(ends May 18). 

Southern Counties Craft Mar- 
ket: The Mailings, Bridge Sq, 
Famhaio. Surrey, today 12 to 9, 
tomorrow 10 to 6, Sun 10 to 
S(ends May 18). 

Food prices 


Two new varieties of apple 
havebeeri introduced to Britain 
by the New Zealand Apple and 
' Pfe4r‘ma!rioetrng board and will 
be available in shops and super- 
• markets “within 1 the next -few 
weeks: Braebum red and green 
in colour, is sweet, crisp and 
juicy. Fuji pale yeflowish-green 
with an organge flush, is crisp 
and slightly tart in taste. 
Strawberries from Spain and 
Italy are good value as prices 
have dropped sharply to around 
35-50p for a half pound punnet 
Asparagus prices are down as 
supplies increase. Loose 80- 
£1.20 a lb and wrapped £1.00- 
£2.00 a lb. Home grown spring 
greens 18-25p a lb and French 
spring cabbage 25-35p a lb and 
French Jersey and home grown 
cauliflower 25-50p. Mushrooms 
30-60p a half pound, onions 14- 
20p a lb and courgettes 60-70p. 
New potatoes from Majorca 24- 
26p a lb are very good and 
Jersey Royals are down to 70-90 
a Ik- 

New season lamb prices are 
stiU going up and in some areas 
whole leg is £3.00 per lb, loin 
chops £4.00 per lb and whole 
shoulder £200 per lb. New 
Zealand lamb is also up slightly 
with the biggest increase on best 
end chops. Many beef cuts are 
up a penny or two a pound but 
stewing steak and mince are 
down in price. Pork is sligldly 
cheaper with whole leg ranging 
from 89p-£1.20 per Tb, loin 
chops £1.19-£ 1.84 per lb. 

Best buys: Salisbury: 30p off 
all leg and shoulder cuts of new 
season lamb, fresh chicken up to 
3% lbs in weight 62p per lb: 
Safeway New Zealand lamb 
loin chop £1.49 and rib chop 
£139 per lb; Brijams: New 

Zealand lamb leg £135 per lb 
down L7p and 3 lb packs of 
chicken portions £2.99; Tesar. 
topside and silverade of beef 
£1.86 per lb. 

Top Films 

The lop tax-office teas in Lon- 
don: . 

H ,(U The Jewel nf iha ftffla 
(4) A Room with a View 
" ) Out of -Africa -■ 


i CL— «, 

Fright Ml.. 

Remo - unarmed and Dan- 

9(9) Clockwise 
10 (-) Ran 

The top fBms in the provinces: 

1 Out of Africa 

2 Jewel of the N3e 

3 Jagged Edge 

4 Absolute Beginners 

5 White Nights 

Top video rentals 

1(3) Witness 

Pale Rider 

A Nightmare on Bm Street 

Desperately Seeking Susan 
Police Academy t Thar 1st 
Invasion USA 
Cat's Eye 
Return of the Jed 
Missing in Action 2: The Be- 


Births: John Sdl Gotinan, 
watercolourist, was born at Nor- 
wich, 1782. 

Deaths: Charles Fenrantt, 
writer and collector of fairy 
tales, Paris, 1703; Felicia Her- 
mans, poet. Dublin, 1835; Baron 
Jeao-Baptiste Fourier,' Math- 
ematician. Paris, 1830. - - - 

Parliament today 

Commons (9.30): Debate on 
inner cities. 

Lords (2 !): Draft Hong Kong 
(British Nationality) Order and 
Opposition motion that order 
should be withdrawn. Debatable 
question on Helsinki agreement. 


A ridge of ,_ w .. r . 

jwBl nwvgay^f^iotiftlto 
North Sea and a trough of 
low pressure win move 
Into S areas later. 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE England, East An- 
gOa, Midlands, Cttannef (stands, 
Wales: Dry and sunny at first, 
becoming cloudy with outbreaks of 
rain later; wind variable fight becom- 
ing SE moderate; max tamp 16C 

Central S, SW England: Rain 
adirtq from S, some heavy later; 
SE 6ahtbecornina moderate or 
i; maxtenmtecUf F). '* 

E, centrarN, NE England, Bor- 
dets: Dry, sunny periods; wind 
variable men SE, light max tamp 

NW England, Lake District, Me 
of Man,' SW-Scottand, N or thern 
Ireland: Dry, sunny periods; wind 
variable fight becoming SE mod- 
erate; max ter 

Edmbungh. . 

Glasgow, Central Highlands , 
gyifc lsofated showers dying out 
J J - w becoming 

pit becoming SE mod- 
teirm 15C (ESF). . 
jh. Dundee, Aberdeen, 
Central H BgManrtB, A r- 

fid showers dying 

sunny periods; wind W beco 
SE, fight; max temp 13C (55 F). 

Moray Hrth, NE, NW Scotland, 
Orkney, Shetland: Showers dying 
out sunny intervals; wind W rraxf- 
era® becoming SE fight; max temp 
12C (54 R. 

OuBook for t omon o w and Sat- 
urday: Continuing changeable. 
Temperatures hear normal. ■ 

High Tides 


London Bridge 706 
— 6A0 

Wm Safe tcjjnt sky and 

SwiIBmS: Sub Sets: 

5.00 sm 0A7 pm 

E Moon sets: Moon rises: 
2.36 am 11.04 am 
First quarter tomonow 

Bnmdentorni: p^howers. 

Arrows snow wind utraction. wtnd 

* — “ circled. Temperature 



Pa vaapo i t 1048 
Dover 3JW 

Frimootb 10.18 

ssasr %m 

ar* ,a 

Hfeaewoba 11^3 
fa» 8.11 

jJwpoal 4.18 
tywestoB 3.12 

MKord Hnsa 11^40 

. 11.47 

^ 9-16 

W«onr«Htoi 4J7 


02 7.15 
34 7.48 

3j0 5.13 
4 2 11.12 

03 445 . 
4.0 .1042 
45 031 

3.6 026 
IS *25 

68 1149 
*4 803 
7S 002 
24) 204 

4.1 5l35 


S3 11X0 . 

2.7 1140 

4.2 1025 
IX 11X2 

3.7 521 
4J 456 
3.7 006 
73 . . 
*3 10.08 
34 5JOT 



a j. 


3 3 














Around Britain 

Lighting-op time 


1 Gave advance signal, fol- 
lowed by warning shout 
( 12 ). 

8 Islamic government 

wronged me. I consider (7). 

9 Substance for stomach treat- 
ment can’t aid invalid (7). 

11 Lifeless voice (7). 

12 Some rhymes are so dull (7). 

13 Name in Gotham for the 
weak-minded (5). 

14 Adapts seat? Wrong (7,2). 

16 Goal in soccer, perhaps, 

increasing noise (9). 

19 Composer producing 
initially on vacation (5). 

21 Judges ^pointed to hear 
appeals (7). 

23 A learner leaves one country 
for another (7). 

24 Determining centre's final 
points (7). 

25 Afoot long - short, isn’t it? 

26 Fair-dealing type as medi- 
ator (6,6). 


1 The thrill of Paris (7). 

2 Early novel? Put it in “non- 
fiction” (7). 

3 Author’s 22 - still a boy (9). 

4 Cause embarrassment in a 
strike (5). 

5 Best work two little boys 
produced (7). 

6 Guards moving out of vari- 
ous sectors (7). 

7 Celebrating noble’s record 
maintenance (7,5). 

10 Established fiend reckoned 
without 22 (12). 

15 Company to control sailing- 
ship (3-6). 

17 Rope's a thing ini tiall y 
made from this, perhaps (7). 

18 Driver’s chum of ownership 
can make one see red (7). 

19 Some grass puts fool in 
prison (7). 

20 Dog unable to maintain 
steady progress? (7). 

22 Doubly beat character isn't 
this(5). ‘ • _ 

Sohrien to Puzzle No 17,046 

SBifisrasiaEiiH ■ii-iisi 

Condse crossword page 8 

London and Soum-oast Roadworks in 
trio City at the junction of Aiderscnu St 
and St Martm-te-Grand: serious delays. 
A30S: Traffic reduced to single animate 
fane an Stanes Rd. Twickenham, a the 
Junction vrtth Meadway. A3S2: Renetao- 
ng work expected to cause major 
congestion on Hytbe Rd. AsMorl Kent: 
tenteorary llgbts at vtetous locettons. 

The MUendK Ml: Contretlbw between 
hmceons 15 and 10 (Nontiampton). MS: 
Lorn term itedareng work rerious lane 

closures between Junction 4 (A38 
Bnam sg rowe) and 5 (AM Oraltwich). *34: 
Two separate sets of roadworks S of 
Stratford at TredcSngton and Wortord 

Wales and West: MS: Various read- 
works and fane re st ri c tion s between 
junction 21 (Woston-super-Mare) and 27 
(Thferton)- *31: Emerpancy work at 
Tndtetts Cress on Ringwood to 
Wknbotne road: dafays. A5e (Sirwan Dee 
am; temporary traffic fights during daylight 

The Norite AIM): Contraflow at Barton 
Interchange. KS: Contraflow between 
[rations 8 and 9. M8£ Uaar widarang 
schema at Barton Bridge. Greater Man- 
chester various km and sip road 
restrictions on both carriageways. 

Scotian* O ta a oow : Road sub sid en ce 
on the Tantallan fid. near Regwood Rd; 
angle fine traffic-wlth delays; use alter- 
native route. *811: Stagfa tine traffic Sol 
Gaftochate; delays possfeie. Edi nburgh: 
Efflergency gas repaira between Gnwe 
Street and Gerdmara Crescent. 


Frogmore open days 

The gardens at Frogmore in 
Windsor Home Park will be 
open to visitors on May 28 from 
10 a.m. until 7 p.m. All 
proceeds will go to the Thames 
Valley Hospice appeal. The 
Royal Mausoleum ai Frogmore 
will be open to the public, 
without charge, on Wednesday 
May 21 from II a_m. until 4 

TUnea -Portfolio Gold -rules are as 

1 Times Portfolio Is five. PardoM 
of The Times ts not a condition of 
taking pan. 

2 Times PortBlio list Comprises a 

group of pubUr companies whose 
shares are listed an the Slock 
Exchange and auowd in The Times 
Slock Exchange prices The 

mom day lo day. The list 
' numbered 1 - is divided 

companies comprising 

change r J — “~ 

i Which IS m-HHpiCT m — —i n «n.nm 
uio lour randomly distributed groups 
of 11 Siam. Every Portfolio care 
remains two numbers {ram each 
group and each .card contains a 
unique set of numbers. 

Uw largest Increase or lowest Km) of a 
comWnauon of etgtu itwo from each 
randomly dJstrlMHMsraup wiuitn the 
44 shares) of Ihe 44 shares which on 

mror one day comprise The Tunes 
Portfolio usl 

The tony dtvwand win be 

announced each day and Bw weekly 

■Uvidnid will he announced each 

Saturday In TW Times. 

5 Times Portfolio US and details of 
the daily or weekly, dividend win aiso 
be avaUable for inspection at uve 
offices of The Timas. 

6 If (he overall puce movement or 
more than one combination of shares 
equals Die dividend, the prize win be 
equally divided among the claimants 
holding urnse combinations of shares. 

7 All nabiw are KAwtt to scrutiny 
before payment. Any Times Portfolio 
card mat a defaced, tempered with or 
incorrectly printed In any way we be 
declared void. 

8 Employees of News International 
rtc and is subsidiaries and of 
Europnnt .Group Limned (producers 
and dHtrlbutore of the card), or 
members of their immediate famines 
arenot allowed lo play Tunes 

* AH wrHch»ah« wiu ti* subject to 
these Rules. All instructions on “bow 

»■¥ and “now tej claim" whether 
published m The Times or in Times 
pw tfoup carts wfli oe deemed to be 
part of these Rules. The Editor 
reserves ihe right to amend the Ruin. 

10 in any dispute, The Editor's 
decision is final and no correspon- 
dence win be entered tmo. 

II If foe any reason The Times 
Prices .Paoe Is not puuisticd in me 
normal way Times portfolio wfl] be 
suspended for Uiax day. 

Hot to pby - Dsfly OMdand 

On cacti day your. unique sm of eight 
win represent rammeraai 
and induslrtai shares nuMfehed In The 
Tlmro Porttolto H8t Which win ap 
on the stock Exchange Prices pa 
in ihe Columns provided next « 
your shares .note the price change i+ 


After Ifatlng the price- changes of 
Min- etahl shares for that day. add up 
all eighi share changes to give you 
jmur overall total muse* nanus i+ or 

■ Check your overall total against The 
‘“vtdrad puSushed m 
the Stock Exefiange Prices page. 

tt yaw overall total matches The 
I?™ 9 £92*0110 dividend you have 
won outnqtil or a share M the iSS 
ETS 52°?*^ for that day ana 
mus^ciaim your prta? as instructed 

record your daily 
S ttVf ortw money 


fewts ffl^rsajss 

Notota can be aaesHKi outstee nlS 


If you are unable lo teteotione 

rf.T’SST SSSfSS ctal^, on VOUr betvaS 
oui Huai must have your card ana call 
T! * .Ti me* PorOoiio riaire Se 
mi ween, the wi putatcd lines. 

.r^JOrtiWIIty can .he accepted 
fee Jli5' onllart **** claims office 
fOr^any reason within the stated 

QOov f in structions are ap. 

London 9.17 pm to 4.36 am 
Bristol 928 pm ta 4.46 am 
Edbduigh 951 pm to 4.27 am 
UancMMer a34 pm to 4^8 am 
Psnzance 9 j 33 pm to 5JM am 


Tampa p tfuree at midday yesterday: c. 
doud: f , fur; r. jeam: s, sun. . 

C F C F 

f 1050 Ouamsay a 1050 
r 348. In samass C1152 
e 948 Jenay sllS2 

. r 11.52 London C 1355 

. 1 11 52 UrndMlw C 948 

Etfabugil f 1355 Nawcasda r 948 
Gfcnoow 11152 RVMssmy 1 1152 

The pound 

Austria Sich 
B e lg i um ft 
Danmark Kr 
Frames Ft 
Germany Dm 
Greece Dr 
Ireland Pt - 
Italy Uni 
Japan Van 
NaOieriands GU 
Norway Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Africa Rd 
Spate Pta 
Sweden Kr 

Yugoslavia Dor 

2.1 as 
. 11.14 

■ as® 

221 JO 





7 Ml 















a Rates iwsm^ denomination banknotes 
“iW 8 ** ** BanKPLC. 

ram rata* apply hi haveners- 
* nfll othar foretgn currency 

Ratai Price Mac 3ftlX 
Uod^The ft index cteHd down 174 

“ 8 newaapar at 

Sun Rain 
hrs in 

~ ' 104 X2 

9X X5 
102 - 
umeskrit 93 JO* 

Ctaeton 10.6 

Mbrata 12X 

SOtlfifi COAST 

104 - 

8.1 - 

S3 .01 
75 XI 
9X .02 
109 ,02 
. 7.8 .01 
10X xa 
9X .05 
7X - 
8.4 - 

62 .01 
8X .03 
5.8 .03 
?X X7 
6X .12 
2.7 33 
SX -3S 

, . 7 X - 

Guerns ey nx 
SdOyWat 23 30 

ItBW 12 £ 9 

C F 

SunRate . I 
tea to C 

- .19 12 

14 57 sunny Tenby x 

lfi 6? S2SL, “*■?— “ .19 11 

61 anowers Donates 84 37 9 

14 57 sunny 

15 59 stray ENGLAND AID WALES 

— .. l£Wtoa SX X3 -14 

13 55 bright gTnu Alrpt 5.7 -09 13 

13 55 sunny MsMfCbll 43 JS 12 

13 SG etxmen Cwdm\«^ .39 11 

13 M 6X 42 12 

I 8.BBra-Sar .8 - 1 ? 8 

13 55 sunny fTahr-Tyne 6.1 -' 13 

14 57 sunny Cartite 5X m 12 

15 Is 7 S f-Sr 3-5 45 -10. 

12 M 55S?™ - If M Jl 

13 i t "3 “ 11 

14 57 showers ,|| ■«"_ « 

»«»«*>■ S3 X5 12 

IT 52 Ittt 

13 55 ran m « « 

16 61 showers || -Jg » 

17 63 Sunny ■ 3g .04 13 

edteburgh 4X X2 12 

12 » showers NORT HERN IRELAND 
lo 55 ram Betfnat 3X X4 10 

These are Wednesday's figures 

52 rein 
52 showers 
48 bright 

57 ah cuere 
55 thunder 
54 shmwts 
52 rate 
52 rate . - . 

54 fliunder 
52 showers 
57 s houts 

55 in warn 

54 showers: 

5(T showers 
50 showers 
■ 2. showers 
52 suviy : 
52 showers 
50 8unrqr - 
52 sunny - 
64 shower* 
52 ha*-. 

55 showers 
54 showare 

50 shtrwure 

■ ; ' ■ Abr oad 














8 Aires* 


Capri To 




C F 
t 21 70 
th 18.64 
■ C 21 70 
S 22 72 
.1 9-48 
c 20 68 
* 35 95 
a 29 84 
S 20 68 

a 25 77 
c 15 59 
f 22 72 
a 22 72 
f 10 50 
c 19 66 
f 12 54 
S 25 77 
f 14 57 
s 25 77 
' f 18 64 
S 19 66 
C 18 84 
a 16 81 








— rek 
la t Hai 


L Ptemas 


. C F 
c15 59 
I 11 52 
a 29 73 
f 11 52 
a 23 73 
> 20 68 
1 24 75 
C 15 59 
c 19 66 
r 14 57 
8 25 77 
8 17 63 
8 28 82 
t 22 72 
« 17 63 
8 34 S3. 
S 22 72 
S 38 97 
s 21 70 
c 17 63 
C 13 55 
r 11 52 

c 16 61 

1 23 73 

Mexico C* 





N Deter 






C F 
.1 23 73 
* 24 75 
C 14 57 
t 26 79 

! S 81 

152 72 
fl 24 75 
1 21 70 
f 20 69 
c 23 73 
9 25 77 
9 35 97 
» 19 66 
I 21 70 
f IT $S 

6 13 55 
a 25 77 
c 19 66 
I 21 70 
e 5 41 

a 22 72 
a 38100 
s 23 73 






T oro n t o- 








■G f 
f 23 73 
i 20461 
C 17-83 
I' 17 63 
t18 64 
T -14 57 
8 32 90 
f 16 61 
c 17-63 
I 19 66 
■ 1968 
f 21 70 
k 21 70 
C 22 72 
o 15 59 
8 25-77 
8 26 79 
8 10 50 
f 22 72 
8 24-75 
0 .19 66 
0 15 59 
8T5 » 
C « 59 


-for z s ub s ta n tia l pqtt bf ifae 

reached a peak in ihe second 
ipiarttr of bst year, and W 
since&eadE^dQwowaidfii The 
; 1.2 per ceni fiisHpariis drop 
indicates an federation b 
the pace of tfreHnel - 

Output in the fira tpaarter 
was Lopercenibeiow faslevd 
in the second quarter oflgst 
^sar, . 

the wider measure of in- 
dustrial production, nxtaduw 
e*i« ottpui showed^ 
he2duierpicTarc,nSi%by.|).5 . 
per cent in ^the firat quarter to 
23 per cart above fas level a 
year earlier. BOL affcraflow. 
tm for recovery . from the 

coal stri^ &5t-qnar> 

ter industrial output was acru- 
aBy 05 per cent down on its 
fewdayearearfer, ■ 

inpimmeiit . ul mannfitc- 
hx feu by 3,000 in Marti, 
and 36,000 cq first three 
roomhs of fins year. Fknw of 
vacancies at Jobcentres have 
sfac te acd in ihe past two 
mondiv again pointing to 
sluggishness in ibe economy. 

Last autumn the upward 
trend of unempfoyrnent ap- 
peared, to have ended. This, a 
now appears, was a reflection 
of the strong clunb in industri- 
al output to tbenuddle of last 
Sear. - : 

The sabseqaent decline in 
output is sow . stowing 
through m (be unexnpfoynsni 
fi®cai5S.The average, monthly 
rise in adult unenjploynient ui 
the past six months was 
13,700. In' die ax months to 
Iasi October, there^ was an 
average nuasdUy fail of 200. 
The latest unemployment 
atrcs are after Government 
to^by arem nd ^.000. • 

without thesea^ C other ad- 
justments since 1 982, the level 
of uneinsfoyisMsat would he 
3.8 million. 

Most sectors ofmannfortnr- 
ing industry are expede&cuig 
lower output, the firs-quarter 
figures show. Edipneeringcw- 
pot fen by I per cent in die 
first quarter, chemicals and 
textiles production fell by 2 
per cent* and output of metals 
by 3 percent - 

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FRIDAY MAY 16 1986 




FT 30 Share 

1302.6 (-17.4) 

FT-SE 100 

1575.7 (-18.6) 

USM (Datastream) 

121 .34 (+0.5) 


US Dollar 
1.5340 (-0.0040) 

W German marie 
3.3679 (+0.0043) 

76.1 (+0.1) 

Morgan Grenfell to seek 
Stock Exchange listing 



Prudential Property Ser- 
vices. pan ofthc Prudential 
.Corporation, is " buying " AC 
Frost & Company, a firm of I 
estate agents with 31 offices in 
the Home Counties. 

The Prudential is not re- 
vealing the purchase price. 

The acquisition is part of j 
the Prudential's policy of es- 
tablishing 1 a 500-branch net- 
work of estate agents. The 
latest purchase gives it 76 
outlets and comes after its 
acquisition of Pearsons in 
Hampshire and Ekins. Dilley 
and Huntingdon. 

Morgan GrenfelL, the City 
merchant bank, yesterday 
ended speculation over how it 
would raise more capital by 
announcing that it intended to 
gain a listing for its shares 
through an offer for sale as 
soon as practicable. Although 
there has recently been a move 
among United Stales invest- 
ment banks in New York to 
raise capital through share 
issues, Morgan Grenfell will 
be the first merchant bank to 
seek a Slock Exchange listing 
for many years. 

The bank made the an- 
nouncement in a short state- 
ment which did not mention 
the size of the offer for sale or 
the date. 

By Richard Thomson, Banking Correspondent . 

fell through 

Grenfell said yesterday that it 
is now likely to raise consider- 
ably more than that The offer 
for sale is expected to take 
place within the next two 


In March the bank said that 
it might seek to raise around 
£100 million in new capital 
but sources within Morgan 

The bank is owned by 
around 18 shareholders, with 
the insurance broker Willis 
Faber by far the largest with its 
20 per cent holding. Other big 
shareholders include the Pru- 
dential. Legal & General and 
Deutsche Bank. Banking ana- 
lysts could not agree on the 
value of Morgan Grenfell 
shares yesterday, but esti- 
mates ranged from around. 
600p up to £10. 

The announcement comes 
after intense speculation 
about Morgan Grenfell's need 
for more capital resources 
since its planned merger with 
Exco International, the money 



The merger, which would 
have (reared a financial ser- 
vices group worth more than 
£1 billion, would have brought 
Morgan Grenfell £350 million 
in cash held by Exco. The plan 
was blocked by the O'Brien 
rule limiting the holding of a 
bank in a money broker to 10 
per cent. Morgan Grenfell's 
offer for sale does not neces- 
sarily rule out a renewal of 
merger talks with Exco if a 
poll, soon to be conducted 
among Citv banks. leads to 
abolition of the rule. 

Morgan Grenfell has found 
its lack of capital an increasing 
restraint to various areas of its 
business. In helping to further 
the Guinness bid for Distillers 
earlier this year the bank spent 
around £180 million on buy- 
ing Distillers shares. This led 

the Bank of England to intro- 
duce a rule that banks must 
limit their buying of shares of 
target companies in a bid to 
only 35 per cent of their share 
capital. Morgan Grenfell’s dis- 
closed shareholders' funds are 
£174 million. 

The bank also needs capital 
to back its aggressive move 
inio the securities markets to 
coincide with the big bang in 
October. It has bought the 
stockbroker Pcmber& Boyle, 
and the market-maker 
Pinchin Denny, and has been 
aggressively recruiting indi- 
viduals for its securities 

Morgan Grenfell Securities 
is due to move into new 
offices in Finsbury Circus 
away from the rest of the bank 
in Great Winchester SireeL in 
two months. 

Grand Met up 

Oil slump hits Shell and 
BP first-quarter profits 

Grand Metropolitan," the 
brewery and hotels group, 
lifted pretax profits from £1 32 
million to £140 million in the 
six months to March 3i. 
Turnover fell from £2.75 bil- 
lion to £2.57 billion and the 
interim dividend is up from 
3.6p to 4.0p. 

Tempts, page 19. -I 

By David Young 


B&C up £10m 

British & Commonwealth 
Shipping made pretax profits 
of £76.8 million in 1985, up 
from £66:2 million. Turnover 
increased from £377- million 
to £402 million and the divi- 
dend is up by a quarter to 5p. 

Tempos, page" 19 

Market debut 

Barclays Merchant Bank is 
bringing The Alumasc Group, 

a manufacturer of alu mini um 
products, to market byway of ( 
an offer for sale of 4.5 million 
shares. The offer price of 1 50p 

Energy i 

The slump in world oil 
prices which has already led to 
investment programmes in 
the North Sea being trimmed 
has hit the first-quarter profits 
of both Shell and BP. 

Royal Dutch Shell, whose 
Shell UK subsidiary is locked 
In a price battle on the 
forecourts with BP and its 
arch rival Esso, announced 
profits of £718 million in the 
first quarter of this year, 34 
per cent down on £1,084 
tatition for the same period 
last year. 

BFs quarterly profits woe 
down to £22 millio n on a 
historical cost basis after 
stock losses of £718 million 
due to the foiling oil. price. On 
a replacement cost basis the 
profit for the quarter was, 
however, £740 milli on com- 
pared with £402 million in the 
the first quarter of 1985. 

Since the end of the the 
three months under review the 
two companies, like all other 

Sir Peter Walters: taking 
positive steps 

values the company at .£ IM {.integrated. ofi companies, are 



^QSftnvpage. 19 

ly to have increased their 

profits from refining and mar- 
keting operations considerably 
and these figures .will be 
reflected In the next quarterly 

Despite this Shell yesterday 
said: “It is likely that average 
crude ofl prices for the second 
quarter will be lower than for 
the first quarter, and this 
would further reduce earnings 
in the g^pYexploratikm and 

production sector, in addition 
to the normal seasonal 

Shell, like BP, saw im- 
proved earnings from its 
downstream businesses 
those that convert crude oil 
into the prodnets the customer 
buys - offset by stock losses. 

Planned spending this year 
of £5.7 Billion has already 
been trimmed to £5 Billion and 
a farther foil in erode prices 
with a subsequent effect on 
earnings is being budgeted for. 

Sir Peter Walters, BP’s 
chairman, said: “The composi- 
tion of the replacement cost 
operating profit has changed 
significantly, with decreased 

contributions from BP Explo- 
ration and Standard Oil offset 
by strong performances from 
our refining and marketing, 
and chemicals businesses. 

“The off market is likely to 
remain highly volatile in 1986 
and we are taking positive 
steps to sustain our financial 
strength by tightly. controlling 
planned capital and operating 

Broker static 

CE Heath, the Lloyd’s in- ] 
sura nee broker, made taxable 
profits of £30.4 million in the 
year to March 31. compared 
with £30.1 million the year 
before. The dividend was 
raised IS per cent to a total 
34.5p gross. 



- £V 2 m sale 

VanderhofIL the Nuneaton 
telecommunications- iproup,- 
has acquired RecordacaLL, the 
telephone answering machine 
manufacturer, from Thorn 
Ericsson for £500.000 cash. 

Unigate buy 

Unigate has paid an undis- 
closed price for Hassy, a 
private Cambridgeshire com- 
pany in the fresh produce 
business. Hassy has an annual 
turnover of £1 5 million. 

P-E demand 

The application list for the 
share offer by P-E Internation- 
al closed oversubscribed. The 
basis of alloiraent will be 
announced today. 

By Our Chy Staff 

Royal Insurance yesterday 
announced the biggest first- 
quarter recovery among com- 
posite insurers so far. with a 
£66.7 .million, turnaround to 
pretax profits of £29.4 million. 
Profits would have been £5 
million higher but for adverse 

The change of fortunes was 
most marked in the United 
Slates, where pretax profits 
were £13.3 million against 
losses of £27.3 million. Premi- 
um rate increases continued 
strongly with commercial 
multi-peril up another 60 per 
cent on top of 60 per cent in 
first quarter of 1985. 

The British end made 
taxable profit of £6.5 million 
against a loss of £1 1.2 million, 
despite weather losses of £30 
million. The UK motor ac- 
count. however, was still in 
the Ted and further rate rises 
are expected. 

Hawley stake 

Hawley Group has in- 
creased its holding in takeover 
target Pritchard Services to 
28-4 per cent. 

• English China ' Clays, the 
largest private sector employ- 
er in Cornwall, increased prof- 
its from £24.4 million to £32. 1 
million before tax in the six 
months to March 31, follow- 

USM debut 

ing last year's rights issue and 
the disposal in Febn 

The estate agent. Gross Fine 
Group, is coming to the ; 
Unlisted Securities Market 
next month. 

sbniary this 

year of its leisure interests. 

Turnover fell from £335 
million to £310.000 and the 
interim dividend is up from 
4p to 4.25p. 




Dow Jones 1795.76 (-1JL52) 

MkkS Dow 15.924-50 (-19-06) 


Amsterdam: Gen - 263-3 (+5.4) 

Henderson .. 226p(+8) 

Taylor Woodrow 631p (+11) 

Wiggins 54p (+7) 

Electronic Mach B4p(+12] 

Reyton 168p (+7) 

Vaux 440p (+15) 

Commerzbank — 1.986.21-323) 


General 635 D9 {-6.94) 

Paris: CAC 411.3 (+33) 




English China ^ 343p(-8) 

JRWTOT i — - - win 1-12) 



Bank Base: 1054% 

3-momti interbank 10’4-1CP«*» 
3-month eligible &0s3!*-9& < X> 
b^ing rate 

Prime Rate 8.50% 

Federal Funds 6 ,& w*i> 

3-month Treasury Brfs 6.17-5.15% 
30-year bonds SPys-' 's 

la .: 896p(-21) 

BP .. 5530 (-101 

Ultramar 17Bp (-9) 

Natwest 745p (-25) 

Barclays 497p (-17) 

Bank ot Ireland ....... — 4S5p (-30) 

Aflwd Irish 223p(-15) 

Commercial Union 3l6p(-9) 

General Accident — 832p(-5) 

Air Call 240p(-20) 

Stamtess Mata) 193p (-15) 




E: Si .5340 C Si. 5340 

fc DM3.3679 £: Dhte-1955 

£ SwFrZ7988 S: Indeor. 1 1 3.6 

E: FFr10.7227 , - • 

£• YenJSO.81 ECU E0.837383 

£ mS&I SDR £0.767623 

London Fixing; 

AM S342.5(r pm -$342.00 
Close S342.0&342JO (£22225- 

New York; 

Comax $341 -90-342.40 

board named 

By Our Banking Correspondent 
The Bank of England yester- Mr Deryk Vander Weyer, 

day announced the names of 
the five members of the Board 
of Banking Supervision which 
is being set up as part of a 
package of new legislation on 
hanking regulation. 

The board will be responsi- 
ble for advising the Governor 
of the Bank of England on 
supervision policies and on 
the detailed supervision of 
individual institutions when 
problems arise. 

Following the Bank's enthu- 
siasm for practitioner-based 
regulation m the City, the 
board members all have long 
experience of working in the 
Square Mile. Among them are 
three bankers: Mr Peter Gra- 
ham, senior deputy chairman 
of Standard Chartered Bank, 
Mr Nigel Robson, chairman 
of the Royal Trust Company 
of Canada and a director of 
the Trustee Savings Bank, and 


former chairman and now 
deputy chairman of Barclays 
Bank and a director of the 
Bank of England. 

The board also includes Mr 
Andrew Caldecott, who has a 
background in the law but has 
served as vice-chairman of 
Kleinwort Benson and is now 
chairman of M&G Group. Mr 
Alan Hardcastie is a partner 
with the accountants Peat, 
Marwick Mitchell & Co. 

The Bank believes there is 
little danger of a conflict of 
interest between the 
appointees' duties as company 
directors and board members 
because those who work for 
banks are mostly non-execu- 
tive directors. 

The Governor, deputy gov- 
ernor and director of the Bank 
responsible for supervision 
are . permanent ex-officio 
members of the board. 

US nears budget deal 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 
The United Stales House of they had the votes to cast a 

Representatives neared final 
action yesterday on a fiscal 
1987 budget which President 
Reagan described as ‘Totally 
unacceptable” because ofhuge 
projective cuts in defence 

Despite the opposition of 
Mr Reagan and House Repub- 
licans. Democrat leaders said 

compromise budget which 
contained S10.7 billion (£6.9 
billion) in new taxes and cuts 
defence by S3.5 billion to a 
level of $2.85 billion. 

The spending blueprint, de- 
scribed by the While House as 
a danger to the national 
defence, will cut the federal 
deficit sharpely to $137 billion 

in France 

From Diana Geddes, Paris 
A further series of measures 

to relax exchange controls and 
he financial sector 

liberalize the 
to encourage business invest- 
ment in France were an- 
nounced yesterday by M 
Edouard Balladur, the Fi- 
nance Minister. These come 
five weeks after the devalua- 
tion of the French franc. 

The "device-litre” system, 
under which anyone wanting 
to buy bonds or slocks and 
shares in a foreign currency 
had to do so on a special 
market, is to be abolished. 

All restrictions on individ- 
uals wishing to buy property 
or to transfer their possessions 
abroad are to be removed. 

Companies buying goods or 
services abroad will now be 
able to buy six months ahead 
instead of the present three 
months. In addition, compa- 
nies may keep foreign curren- 
cy received from exports for 
up to one month." instead of 
thepfeseiii ffebit of eight days! 

.M Balladur al^o annoiytced, 
» -F.-5 per cent cut ii* the 
savings banks’ interest rates 
and a 0.25 per cent cut in the 
central bank's intervention 
rate. The lending banks have 
responded with a correspond- 
ing cut in their base rates. 

The government was greatly 
troubled by a report published 
earlier this week by Insee, the 
independent forecasting body, 
suggesting that total invest- 
ment in France would rise by 
only 2 .per cent this year — 
virtually the same as. last year 
— and predicting that unem- 
ployment would climb by 
between 160.000 and 220,000. 

M Balladur told employers 
yesterday that the ball was 
now in their court. 

The Finance Minister de- 
clared: “I no longer see any 
reason for the hesitation in 
investing, in taking on new 

51% for King 
& Shaxson 

King & Shaxson has de- 
clared its takeover offer for 
Smith St Aubyn uncondition- 
al after receiving acceptances 
for 49.7 per cent of the 
company. With shares already 
owned this gives King and 
Shaxson 51.3 percent. 

The acceptances include 
1 1.2 per cent taking the sepa- 
rate cash offer by Kleinwort 
Benson on behalf of King and 
Shaxson and John Go veil and 
Co.The share offer remains 
open for acceptances until 
further notice. The cash offer 
will close next Wednesday.. 

‘Milestone’ accord boosts 
industrial ties with China 

By Edward Townsend, Industrial Correspondent 

Britain’s economic relations 
with China took a significant 
step forward yesterday with 
the agreement by tire British 
Government to provide £300 
million of export-boosting low- 
interest loans to British 

In what was described as an 
important milestone in expan- 
sion of economic cooperation 
between the two countries. Sir 
Geoffrey Howe, tire Foreign 
Secretary, and Mr Zheng 
Tnobin, China’s minister for 
foreign economic relations and 
trade, signed the financial 
agreement on - development 
loans at a ceremony at Lancas- 
ter House in London. 

At the same time, tire two 
ministers also signed an In- 
vestment Promotion and Pro- 
tection-Agreement which, for 
rbefirst time, gives British 
companies rights under Chi- 
nese law for the repatriation of 
profits and protection of 

The latest accord is regard- 
ed as one of the most impor- 
tant between Britain and 
China since the agreement 
over tire fntnre of Hong Kong. 

The soft loan scheme, which 
will cost an estimated £90 
million and be met by the 
Government's Aid and Trade 
Provision, will apply to the 
supply of British goods and 
services to Chinese develop- 
ment projects in “priority 

Twenty-five projects have 
been submitted to the Govern- 
ment for support; four have 
now been mutually agreed by 
the British and Chinese au- 
thorities. and a farther 10 are 
nnder consideration. 

Loans made (o the British 
companies will carry Interest 
of 5 per cent over 20 years, 
including a five-year interest- 
free period for the principal, 
and will be made by the Export 
Credit Guarantee Department 

The 10-year IPPA is de- 

signed -to encourage business 
confidence and the flow of 
investments" between the two 
countries and was yesterday 
approved by the Confederation 
of British Industry. 

After 10 years the agree- 
ment will remain in force 
indefinitely unless terminated 
and its provisions will continue 
to apply- to investments made 
during its period in force for 15 
years after termination. 

AC present Britain has 
signed 23 bilateral IPPAs, the 
majority with developing coun- 

The agreements protect 
British companies' existing 
and future investments under 
the laws of tiie host country, 
and provide, id the event of 
expropriation, for 


Most important, they also 
cover the independent settle- 
ment of investment disputes, 
the transfer of profits and 
repatriation of capital. 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Horror stories from 
the statisticians 

What happens when the recovery 
ends? Thai was the nagging question 
throughout the period, starting in 
about the second quarter of 1981, 
when rising output went hand in hand 
with rising unemployment. 
Yesterday's compendium of gloom 
from the Government’s statistical 
machine provides one or two of the 

The recovery in manufacturing 
output certainly appears to have 
petered oul- I t peaked in the second 
quarter of 1985, but dropped only 
slightly in the next two quarters. In the 
first three months of this year, 
however, manufocturing output fell 
by 1.2 per cent, the biggest quarterly 
drop since I9S0. In this most recent 
quarter, it was 1.6 per cent below last 
year's peak. 

The wider measure of the output of 
all production industries has contin- 
ued to rise, but at a slower pace. It in- 
creased by 0.5 per cent in the first 
quarter of 1986, to stand 2.3 per cent 
up on a year earlier. But the miners* 
strike artificially depressed output in 
early 1985; after allowing for this 
distortion, output in the .first three 
months of this year was 0.5 per cent 
down on the corresponding period of 
last year. 

At best, output has paused for 
breath; at worst, embarked on a 
cyclical downturn. And this is having 
three main effects. Unemployment, 
having levelled off last autumn, is 
moving relentlessly up again. 

At first glance, the April figures — 
showing a 3,200 rise in the seasonally- 
adjusted total — look encouraging, in 
comparison with a 37,700 rise in 
March. But the March figures were so 
erratically large (a fact blamed largely 
on the weather) that a sharp correc- 
tion had been hoped for in April. 
Instead, the figures seem to confirm 
an underlying- rate of increase of 
10,000-1 5,000 a month. 

But even this rise in unemployment 
is not sufficient to yield cheerfiil 
productivity figures, now that output 
appears to be stagnating. Output per 
head in manufacturing foil by 0.3 per 
cent in the first quarter, the first 
quarterly tall since 1980 and one 
which, if sustained, will cast a long 
shadow on the Government’s eco- 
nomic record. . jrt ... 

T oppjng even .these-- horror, fclQ«es,r 
however, are thg J^t^st figures for iiiyt . 
wage and-- salary- «©sts inf-raanufac-' 
turing. In March, they were 8.9 per 
cent up on a year earlier. In the first 
quarter as a whole, they were up bu 8.3 
per cent, an acceleration from the 6.25 
per cent rise increase of last year. And 
to put last year’s increase into 
perspective, it compared with rises of 
4 per cent in Italy, 2 per cent in 
Canada and the United States, 1 per 
cent in France and no change at all in 
Japan and Germany. 

This points up the Chancellor's 
dilemma. The output and. unemploy- 
ment figures suggest that the economy 
is badly in need of a boost, most . 
immediately by cutting interest rates. 

But figures for wages suggest quite 
otherwise, while the final money 
figures for April yesterday confirmed 
the rapid rate of expansion of the 
braod aggregates. Although PSL2, the 
widest on offer, grew “only" 2.1 per 
cent— a full percentage point less than 
sterling M3 — in April, the annual rate 
of growth is still disturbingly large. 

Mercury takes wing 

Mercury's telephone network for 
business subscribers ceremonially 
took off yesterday, inaugurating the 
most tangible and dramatic new 
competition so far brought by the 
Government's privatization policy. 
The slock market is, not illogically, 
keener on privatization than 

As Sir Eric Sharp of Cable & 
Wireless brought Mercury's entry ever 
nearer to reality, so the BT share price 
sagged from a peak of 280p to 228p by 
Wednesday night. Yesterday, the 
dealers were suitably even-handed, 
eventually leaving the shares of both 
companies down tuppence. 

After all the talk of a price war, BTs 
chairman. Sir George Jefferson, has 
been at some pains this week to calm 
fears. " We wish Mercury to become a 
credible competitor and we are not in 
the business of responding to its entry 
by protecting market share at all 
costs.” he assured guests at a lunch at 
the Communications 86 exhibition in 

No decisions on tariff changes have 
yet been taken. Given the licence 
requirements to treat classes of cus- 
tomers equally, however, BT is likely 
to respond with a combination of 
packages for business users with a mix 
of special services and effective 

■ .Within the pricing formula which 
limits revenue on a basket unit of 
business and residential services and 
rentals by the “ RPI minus 3 
formula,” BT has plenty of scope to 
continue rebalancing its cost/revenue 
equations in favour of business users 
without incurring the wrath of Profes- 
sor Bryan Carsberg at Oftel. 

There are, however, also political 
constraints. The BT share issue and 
competition in. telephone equipment 
has made the privatization popular , 

. but -V, customers - are - also - more 
‘demanding; ! , ; . ’ l-.. , .r 
. ..labour. j^stilL plotting methods to 
ttiaw back, despite Neil 

■Kinnock's comforting suggestions 
that some kind of renationalization 
might be low on his governmental 
agenda. The need to avoid unpopular 
policies is uppermost in the minds of 
the Union of Communication Work- 
ers and others at the heart of designing 
the details. 

There are also proposals at an early 
stage to restablish the old network 
monopoly .• 

To avoid any such fate , BT will 
surely be keen not to give any 
impression that the result of network 
competition is to load painful charges 
on to the majority of voters. 



Find out about the new growth opportunities 
in Japan. Phone Fidelity’s Investment 
Advisers today between 9.30 a.m. and 5 .30 p.m. 
or on Saturday before 1 p.m. 







i at 




l in 

















inch 1 
UK j 

the l 




■ to 






















New York (agencies) — 
Shares opened lower yester- 
day in reaction to 
Wednesday's sharp rise, when 
the Dow Jones industrial aver- 
age closed 22.94 points higher 

The rally on Wednesday 
had no economic factors to 

failed to attract broad 


Soon after after trading 
started yesterday, the industri- 
al average had slipped by 6S2 
points to 1,801.46. 

Declining issues woe about 
even with advancing issues on 
a volume of 14 million shares. 
Philadelphia Electric topped 



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was considered suspect on by % to 17%, ex-dividend. 
technical grounds, since it Sperry was unchanged at 72%. 


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Worts Tacn 
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AuM GrowOI 
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Far East 


Japan Part 
Japan Sratfar 

Exempt Mortal 

9-17. rtrryrno u rt m 
0444 4591 44 
Growt h Accum 
H«gh to enwa 

Man Pontono toe 

1400 1493 
372 397# 
603 643 
27.9 294 
i96 0 209 IP 
1957 20B7P 
197 205c 
1173 1 25 OP 
447 47.1 
16 1 174 

136 <66 
597 633 
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432 461 
920 961 
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424 457 
235 252 
33 4 356* 
60 3 643 
144 154 
833 877# 
647 677 

+03 774 
-03 AS 
-1.1 437 
+0.1 9.70 
-01 2.77 


.. 055 
-02 1.1S 
.. T.78 
+0.1 072 

a? a 

+0.1 055 
-Z0 171 

-02 023 
-1.1 039 
+06 233 
-02 155 
-03 .. 

33 3 50 


HO. Haywards Hewn 

121.1 1302 -1 

2042 2190# +1 
1305 1405# +1 
664 714 -0 

756 813# -0 

627 669 -C 
1047 1122 -0 

59.0 B35 +0 

732 707# -0 
425 45.1c 
1433 154.7# +0 
301 323# +0 


Tha Stodt Exchange London EC2P 2JT 

01-568 2881 

■ > 



- •I-- •• 


Gan## toe (4) 
Do Aeon (41 
tooema Fund (3) 
Do Actum (3) 
toe toe ® 

Do Accun 0 
Smssar toe (5t 
Do Accum [51 

2133 224.1 3.17 

3367 3530 . . 3 17 

1044 1080# +07 571 
1637 191 1# +14 571 
1192 123 2 178 

1564 1629 159 

£1128 1173 . 258 

£1179 1239 258 


125. High Hotxxn. London WCTV SPY 

01*8 1148 

cs Japan Rmd 783 80 1 -i 


1.^ OtvmgcWiy. VWnKStay. HAS ONB 

&d Offer Chng YU 

G4t 4 Read a# 559 583 +07 706 

Tst Of to» Trusts 642 667 +0.1 153 

Serna* Sna Trust 753 61.4 -04 274 

NJti Arasr Trust 577 617 +07 1.81 

Far Eastern Trust 74.1 780 -0.1 070 


St Gangs Ha CupoMon St Go 

0203 553231 

UK ftpwft Aeon 144J 154.1# 
Do tooema 13*8 I33J# 

Mm toe Aeon 239.4 2545# 
DO Income 1927 2040# 

GAsTTbuto Accum 1035 1085 
Do toctaaa 885 83.1 

Nth Amer TetAccue 1352 1*3.8# 
Far East Tst Aeon 1334 1+1 9# 
EuO Ts» Accun 1436 1527 
General Treat 2287 2423 

1- Lamnc* Poutney W. London El 
01-823 4680 

American FtM 737 797 

Capaal FmJ 1075 1153 

fecoma Find bq.4 665 

Far Eutam Fund 695 74.4 

Osenaas toosme 649 893 

Ft»ed tomst 604 6+ 7 

Naum nm Fund 387 +07 

E wppe a n Income 720 773 

fs BtvesnmriiANAOERS 
if?- Wf* s?— **■ «mno* G2 s 
0+1-332 3132 

BMmoad Gth toe 41.8 443a 

Dd Accun 423 452n 

tocooa Gm too 412 437 

Do Actum 42.1 447 

8amca Co s toe +3.7 463c 

Do Aceum 442 477# 

Otar in#, T otpndga. TW9 1DY 
0732 363233 

Amman 879 1047 

Amer EoJtf tooama 303 32.7# 

A+nar Special Sna 514 55.0# 

Far &»a toe 316 317c 

Gm A Awe to! 31.1 324 

Growth A Incoma 99.4 106.4 
Jttotoi SpKfet Site 385 394 

Juan Trust 1103 11B3 

Maxmnd bn Trt 1305 1343 

BU Offer Oq YU 

G# A Rwd tot 1250 1290 +09 IB3 

Grow* Equity 209.9 2237c .19 2.03 

Guar®* 233.1 303.7 -42 2S1 

N Amerean 131.7 l«*2# +07 174 

Padlc 200.1 2120# -24 0.41 

nnpany Sham 2+95 2655 +04 155 

Smaiar Computes 205.8 2197# -03 1.78 

Eucpatai Trust 2259 3404 -17 088 

ou n— g» ma h on mr trust 


FO Bon 442. 32 St Man-at+tO L+todui EC3P 

-3AJ.- - ‘ - ■ 

01-623 8333 

BU ORw Chng YU 

Offer Ong YU 

WflT toooma 543 583# . . 831 

N Amur Trust 1085 1153 +02 072 

RMOrWry 1973 2095# -05 233 

Q* Trim 41.4 +ZS# +05 8+6 

El Vtatot too 6+2 689 -02 542 

5t Vincent US GDI 755 79.1 -03 075 

Tfefeie Bar Sm Go's 1885 1755 320 

Temple Bar U5M 351 0 3787 246 

Prom to r ut Adtan. 8 Rayt#sfi Rd. Bnsww ux l 

0Z77 217916 

I fe mtroa Bmer Cos 1281 1363 712 1.80 

ffetra N Amer 680 723# +02 091 
HMHOTJSDAFE 1043 1112# -0 9 040 
Hanma Scenrhm 79.1 A4 1 +07 052 

I ton em e European 895 953# +08 077 
Hsmbrns Canute! 470 510 +06 138 

ffemtms Eqrtytoc 823 880# -73 443 
Hamraa ngtrinc 587 eu + 0.1 sto 
H amoroa Has am 589 so 5 233 

Far East 
Mom Amman 

2B22 3002 +47 2.71 

3262 3477 +4.1 409 

1807 1913# -22 039 
1402 148.1# +02 072 


PO Box 55! Bara Mams London ECO 7JO 

01-821 0011 

Coal 3576 3623# -38 1.71 

Mconm 28+2 304.0# -05 439 

North Amman 261.0 2792# +13 13B 


1. King Wtoao SL EC*N 7AU 
01-823 6314 

Gfc Trust 1072 1142# +121047 


Far East toe 316 317c 

G* A Ftoao to! 31.1 324 
Grow* A toooma 994 106.4 
Jepui Spactot Site 36.8 394 
Juan Trust 1103 11B9 

Mwrogad bn Tst 1309 1383 
Max bran# Equity 742 793 
ProtaxMxrM Gm 332 363 
5<xMl ESN AS# Tat 257 274 
Special Sts 1554 187.1 

a Louden BC3A BAN 

A M T Errampl £3480 355.7# 
JaPKl Exempt £3583 3892 
Am Property Tst 510795 9 
Property Trust £20337 • 





rjwrpwPigiT- BrtosS BS2 OJH 
0600 373393 

Anwr Grown 242 257 

Equrry fs^i neama tz.7 ' +53 
Etxopnan GrtMdi 251 268 

General Esury 37 7 +02 

Ga 8 Ftoao tot GDI 381 32 1 

G# A Raad me 294 271 

tooaar Secwinaa 253 273# 

Japan Grom Z7.B 29.4 


Sft ^T5S^ l * donBCW8EU 

CSOtM Aonm 2882 283 2# 

Energy TTust 42.8 +53 

Extra meoow 1620 1723# 

NnanoU ISB2 1882 

G41 Struegy 568 583c 

Grown towtmsm J80B 2987 
Incune A Grown +04 429# 

Japanese A Padfie 137.8 1+83 
NtoAUMrOown 986 1059# 

W-A To^r. Add toc ontoa Road. Croydon 
01-886 «355 01-828 8011 
BrtMh Hum lints 5287 5828# -67 372 

Capaal Trust Urns 97 0 1012 -03 272 

Ooksr Truat unaa 177.7 IBS.i# - 0.1 213 

Eurcpaan Trust 121.7 1295 -12 0.7B 

Far East TiuM 1093 1183 -05 2 os 

Ftoanoto Trust 3633 3883 +07 262 

G+t Rxad tot toe 303 315 918 

MURRAY jgn iT OMEOwrmuw 

161 Hope Strato. Cfesgnn G2 2PH 
on 221 9252 


Smaaar Cos 

1072 1157 +02 338 
2382 2543 -27 072 
2064 2187# +07 170 

.48. Graceemren St EC3P3HH- 
01-823 4200 EM 289 ' ’ - ' 

NPf UK T9&3 7123# -14110 

Dd Accm 8583 6987 -3+ 070 

'Far East Ace '--'714- -TOO* ■'►77 OtO 

Db Dwt - 717 750 •J070.10 

•Jbnmsn A&. "- tfiS ai .. 40i.J50 
Do OR .. 55.4 589 . +0.1 1 60 


po B c» a, w omen wn 3N8 

0603 tototo 

Greui That £ 11.88 1231 -0.13 337 

toBTrtm 1220 1204# +03 131 

66. Cannae sm Umoon EC4« fine 

OMfings 01-236 3685/6/7^0 
Man — #1 Grnwdi 1387 1484 . -04 068 
Incoma A Grawd) S34 679 174 

Soncal SU 823 M.1 -0.1 3M 

Amaran Growth 327 359 +0 1 029 

:.npan Onm* 539 57.7# -04 1JB 

-Erxuuear Grew* 607 65.1 -09 212 

■UK Growfl 5+3 581 058 

PBOtoC Grow* +57 <99 . . 131 

HWitocoaa 313 317 +03 7.15 

Practical tocoraa 514 5+7 . 271 

Do Accun 033. 99.1 +03 221 . 


252. High HoRxam WCTV 7EB 
01-405 8441 

- . 131 
+03 7.1S 
. 271 

+03 271 

91-405 8+41 
Growth Raid he 
Do A ccun 
tncor# Find 
ka Egtoty toe • 
Do Acxhh 
U na Trust Inc 
Do Accun 


28. St Anowwa Sq. Ednbut^i 


883 M.1# -04 197 
1329 1414# -03 197 

USD 1253# -09 373 
1239 1309 . -LI 138 
1239 1303 . -1.1 139 
1253 1333 -07 271 

2144 228.1 -13 271 

b* ham Unas 
Da Accun 

149.1 1583# 
2213 2365# 

4& Han Straff, ffertey On Thanes 
0491 578888 

too Growth - ‘ 2813 2019 -09 072 

tocoraa 1927 2058# -05 442 

RMMdaRaC 1519 162.1 -02 136 

Amer Growth 667 737 +05 075 

tad Emaro Co'l 797 851 W -03 061 
Far EtMGrwft 675 727 -07 191 

EurapewiGffi 679 813 -03 149 

1089 1187#. -12 218 
■1803 1921# +1.4 4.18 
97.1 1035c -03 577 

1517 1647 -28 

1383-148.1# -02 196 

2108 2243 +13 130 

1207 I2S5 -97 037 
753 01.1 +17 494- 

12 St Aa aaw a Sq. EdBOugh 
031 225 2211 

UR Eqr#y 179.1 1913# -13 133 

American 148.1 1583# +0.8 132 

P*dfc 1511 1679# -12 096 

European 2IA7 2384# -25 072 


109; hart Be Gfesgow 02 5HN 
0*1-243 6100 

UK Eqpftr 1887 179 f# -13 234 

£• Iftwl „ 1211 1289# +21 733 

UKSn#rCoTtEq. 14S3 1547# -01108 

Ecrtprai 17B.Q 1905# -19 1.07 

N American 10+3 1119# +04 155 

FK*e 1453 1543# JL7 079 


S; Wabwoh 

031-22B +372 . 

Cam. A GUI 
fm EttSMn . 

51-89. aura HR, Mart I 
01-478 3377 


World Grown 
N American 
incoma Fund 
N Anar toe 
lAt Growth 
Extra too 

63.7 573 -1.1 031 

3+1 365# -0.1 103 

310 354 +07 030 

443 47.7# -07 482 

3a3 419 -02 082 

263 27.1# +07 106 
30.6 327# -07 142 

327 353 -03 43B 

, London EC2M 4YR 

Smsai r Co’s 

Oooal Inc Tat 

1067 115.7 
t992 2H7 
573 61.1 

-06 1.87 
-07 179 
+04 5.10 
+0.1 290 
.. 0.99 
-20 248 
-03 419 
-19 08+ 
+19 077 
+09 1.68 
+03 1.73 
-02 437 

Crown homo. Wofeng GU21 1XW 
0+862 5038 

incoma Trust 2418 2586# 
Growth Trust 2222 237.7 
Antonc*, Trust 1272 1369 

Pedant End. Oortmg, Surrey 

fla06 885055 

FP Ecudy Drst 19+0 2089# -27 278 

Dd Acotol 3249 34*9# -35 293 

FP Rxad tot DM 118.7 124.1# +13 5.79 

Da Aeon 1329 1413# +1 B 5.79 

S*wartsf»c DM 1627 1725# +07 1.82 
Da Accum 1879 1787# +03 172 


Pi»c Tnjraa. Mngandy. WC2 

01-405 *300 

csossl 3519 3834# 273 

Gro* toe 153 7 158 0 774 

Hgn Yl m 2207 2293 535 


Bto Floor, a. OevorsMra So, London EC2M 4TJ 
01-283 2575 DaUkng 01-«8 8431 
UK Cao Fnd Inc 953 1029 -03 230 

Do Accttoi 136.0 1*55 -07 230 

toooma Find S22 B&d 100 

Ftoroaon Ex4r#I 1579 155 7 -13 290 

ImrmawXHU 1527 1515 -1.0 190 

US A Genera 690 S3 2# 1.40 

Tacn A Growth 719 779# -0 1 190 

Jaa» A GanaM 2012 2174# -47 020 

Far East 8 Gan 84.6 807 -27 190 

European Fuad 2243 2399 -19 070 

Germany Frmi 617 667 190 

Far East Trust 
Fbwnoto True! 

G4t Rxad M toe ..... 

Do Growto 443 472 +03 771 

Hgn Yrtd Trust 657 709 c 492 

Income Trust 82 + 87.7# -1.0 4 43 

i H toii a tt u r uU 1110 1203 -03 240 

Japan Thai TW 347 363 -03 041 

Pttturto Rerouted 309 32.0# -03 251 

Searty Treat 1B24 194.1 -13 296 

Brarta r Cas 075 SJi# 148 

Spactt S«s 651 1012 -02 242 


32. ajBttoAirnaa G+m. London SWiH SAB 
01-222 1000 

IBI Bit A Oran .1960 1353# -07 170 
IBJ H^h toooma 643 S72# +071000 

IB Saoxfiy S3 - 965 SB 5# +0 1200 

Investment Tst Fad 653 699# +02 340 

UK Mamar Farawai 
Do Aeai m 
Japan PartormaocB 
Do Accun 
US Speetto Feauras 
Do Accun 
Go-c i Praooui Mat 
- Do Accun 
US Specs! toe 
Op Accun < 

E u rope an Pari me 

Do Aceuti 

8925 4173 
5057 628.1 
730 783# 
760 A1.1# 
lias 1269 
1185 125 + 
674 729# 
680 733# 
384 395 
373 407 
563 607 
597 844 
79.1 84 1 
783 843 

-37 238 
-49 278 
-0.1 131 
-01 131 
-0-1 (M2 
-02 012 
-0.1 070 
-09 172 
-00 172 
. 650 

+0.1 500 
-03 198 
-07 1 08 

Hofeorn EqoMy 
Koijom Comma 
Hoxxrm KUi toe 
Hofeorn W 

sail 418.1# -59 aoa 

87.1 920# -06 078 

519 567 -03 142 

87.4 71 B +03 6 19 

903 959 -0.1 073 

624 173 -05 095 

88 1 724# 0.42 

634 874 -03 238 

907 850 -1.1 2.10 

1B4.4 191.7# +1.8 A06 

1 SpSC SIB 634 €74 
1 UK Growth 807 850 

HtfioRi Gtr frost 


99-100. Saxferg Rq. HsrasiPna. Kant ME141XX 

0822 674791 

MLA General - 33.1 359 -04 2.14 

MA Mwnatlonto 502 312#. 099 

MLAOhLMK -948.282# +0 4 992 
MLA Income 40£ « 1 Q# -U2 405 

MLA Eiaopatoi 288 805 001 

31-45 Graroam SL i+Mon EC2V 7LH 
01-600 4177 

Omdrom GenarM <21.1 4483# 293 

CtoMranitocoma 2393 25*5 575 

Ouadram but Fd 3745 3943 # 1.14 

Ouefrar* Racovery 252.1 2882 S30 

St Swam Lane. London EC4P 40U 
01-280 9456 

Aanar Growto toe 
Do Accum 
fund to* Tst toe 
Do ACtaan 

X Ymm toe 

hr decenary too 
Do Accun 

Japan Growtn me 

Da Aeon 
SmaNrCdB toe 
Do Accun 
UK 6} Growtn toe 
Da Accun 

614 672 
640 687 
194 209 
240 284 
1304 1382e 
210 8 2215# 
993 1067c 
10*9 1117 
869 9+7 
893 9*8 
1578 1873 
2081 2185 
03 303 

*64 +SB 

WorKMda Taoi toe + 1.8 44 1 
DO Accun 419 44.4 



tocome Fund 434T 4418 

totamanonal A Gan 2*1.6 2488 


♦06 141 


+99 493 

+19 139 

+10 2.12 

+91 t.14 


- 0.1 

SHSaergM^Way. Staowng 

Growth Unas 748 

0*1 A Rxad tot 1149 

Hgn (rcorne UrSts 1130 
HjF> Yraw GB Une 560 
to* Onwto Unss mo 

to* &nwto Unxs 
N American Una 
Far East Unta 
Smaaer Cos Fund 

748 785 +12 2SB 

1149 1189 -II 709 

1116 120 7# +07 558 
580 586 +041168 

mo 1254# - 0.1 038 
660 72-9 +03 052 

885 919 021 

870 71.8# -On 1.83 

NC America toe 
DO Accun 

nrw fuanb 

NC Japan 
NC Smaaer Cos 
NCSmAr Europe 
NC Exarnot » 

: 2707 2879 +17 190 

291.1 3090 +17 190 

I 1367 1459 -08 201 

870 B12# -07 300 

1706 1814 -1.7 091 

» 187 3 1459 +04 296 

Coa 1667 1804 -1 t 044 

tUU 1389# 647 

81157 12.18# 

1730 1820# 

W Amor Prop *1157 12.18# 

NC Proparty 1730 1820# 


a ' wl LooaoB BstR 


Uamm te. 252. RotnJoro Rd. E7 

01-234 5544 

Maneap 13*5 1439# -0.1 4.18 


s*tfr atEo,H> « 

Amer Growtn 060 1020# 

DO Accum 1000 1073a 

Anwr home 47.7 50.7# 

Do Aeon 499 539# 

Europe®! Grown 1230 131.6 
_ Do Accun 127 0 1350 

. . 2135 2173 __ 

SaoiUea 6875 7025 242 

HgbYrab* W W85 1729e S.78 

Wrtn » 3850 3916 4*0 1 73 

R*ad . Interes t 1755 1783 +23 241 

1 299 1309 -I.0l1.72 

Far East fZ) 1925 1869 036 

SS!r*2ff* LbrarpoM-138 3HS 
05T-2Z7 4422 

EqiHy Tint 829 B0# +03 947 

WTOS 689 729 +0.1 142 

03 29 J +03 708 

US Trust . 317 33 2 +02 157 

Paaflc Basm TB 349 371 +01 038 


- STB 
+*0 1.73 
+25 241 

&Mtr DrstotMbsn 2879 2883 

- De-Aeeun 4187 447 A 

Do ham 61 1 653 

EuTOpevi 873 713 

Far Eastern 87 1 93.1 

Gil Trust 81 9 886 # 

H Managed 
N American Trust 


61 1 653 
873 713 
87 1 93.1 
819 866 # 
733 783 
542 539# 
720 773 
613 653 

Do Accun 
GW A Fixed 
Do Accun 

Do Aoeun 


960 1020# 
1006 1073# 
*7.7 SL7# 
419 S39# 
1230 131.6 
127 0 1350 
2*76 2618 
4000 *280 
81.1 529 

983 I DOB 
818 673 
8*8 965 
217.4 2313 
2683 285.4 
1434 1525 
1*83 1561 
1989 2105# 
2111 22*5# 
230 2413 
3577 3687 . 

scornsH widows- 

J55 sm. Edbtogh EHT 6 5BU 

031-665 6000 

Pag to toe 2309 245.7# - 1.1 295 

Bt> Accun 2650 2829# -13 295 

»ffM&niMR 1 MANAa 8 MENT 

2 L£P’ d 5?- u * d0 " EC1Y 2 *y 

01-638 8011 

Am# Teen a Gen 1003 1073 -03 055 

1613 1725# +0.1 001 
Sac tocome Fnd 1733 IBS*# - 1.1 454 
^atataStaUbOnx 2110 22 B 0 # - 2.1 2.18 

M tfewrtr 205 315 -OS D.13 

AtaanoBi Major* 67.7 724 +03 1 12 

Sma»Co« 37fi 403 145 

Japan Tam 8 Gan 920 905# -*7 091 
toMTWorw Income 6 A 1 80.0# -02 40G 
, 536.4 5720# +403 293 

UK General 317 38.1c -05 232 

Brro Grows) 309 321 -02 003 

&BD knee 340 375# +04 £90 


1 . London Was Bfcsgs. Luidon F C7 M 5PT - 
01-588 38*4 Ext Jar 

SPMWSsffl 500 543c 003 



**?»;»*»■■ . m »04 -6i 101 

Do Acasm iMi 27 4 29^« -Q .1 *im 

aortott Sq. EdWagfi 

American (fcoafe 
CapRM Accom 
3R tocom e 
**gh toeame 
fncoms a Growth 
Japan Grower 
Spec#] See . 

28. Weatam B* Re 
66-71 Queen St 
(HonriortR 0708889 
Amer toe A Growth 

tnVyy m® 

Euapetn orowBi 
Exempt toe Bnd . 

Do to* (43 
Fporoai Sacs 
Qw A FI he 
HVi Revn Unas 
Hgh Y#«0«u 
tocome Urn 
iMeraau Tim 
Jbpwt Grown 

sss^r 0 - 


f&Q&SS 1 . 3 * 

DBF-228 3271 
Amman Food 
DO Accum 
Do VAhdrowM 
Ausuafan FUnd 
Do Accom 
Basen Fund 
Do Accum 
European Ftad 
Do Accun 

Jspan Hart 
Dd Accum 


Sun Altanca Hoe. 
0+03 58283 
Etoty Trual Acc 
N An Trtrt Acc 
For as Trust Ac 

8*1 . 01.7 
1710 189.4 

+04 003 
-23 2.15 

2185 2307 
241 2 2581 
1529 1619 
1129 1193# 
.1184 1229# 
5889 627.1 
7B3 1 8+47 

36*3 28S7 

185.1 1730 

Htnnam. Sussex 

383.1 4075 
565 60.1 

: 70.1 745 

+07 238 
+07 235 
-10 1 11 
-18 111 
+13 432 
+10 433 
-30 091 
-32 091 
-1.1 035 
-1.1 OS 

-43 235 
+02 199 
-07 091 

685 610# +08 834 
80.1 8S3d 409 
974 10878 437 

745 7*3# -05 007 
995 10*3# -1 1 144 

Efflfeugh BH2 4NX 
6 Or (fori} 031-22* 7351 
6*3 890# +0.1 764 
8*5 103-3 -07 241 

463 48.4 151 

442 472 -83 *20 

57 3 1D40 -i.i 855 

810 87.4 e -02 450 
58.8 61 9# -OB 234 
365 395 -0.7 05D 

829 BB3 -0.1 2-14 
J64 5*4 +071089 

1833 I860 -07 407 

16*5 1753# -10 403 
BOB 1022 -03 *04 

8*2 900# +02 271 
1062 11*1 -08 35* 

787 8*1 -15 

1107 1193# -13 
Z75 294# -02 3.13 
980 1015 +02 

924 9*8# +11 1.79 
1257.1344 22n 

1663 -1670 . -18 301 

HB f l TWH I 

£?s&I , S 5 i5^g?^ H, *' sp,01PO 

Amanan fee 
Do Acoan 
Bwi tocome he 
Dp Accom 

General UW fee 

Do Accun 
SR 8 fixed Inc 
Do Aeon 

113.1 1204 
1175 1254 
1075 1144 
1257 1337 

150.1 >590 
2457 2613 

+05 098 
+08 008 
-04 405 
-05 US 
-10 273 
-23 273 

£5 £5 ■*S J *■" 

2183 002 -13 4.18 

19*4 14*1 . -i n *» 

136 8 M80 -10 *5* 

2S2: 25? SS 2 -’■* a-i® 

•SS- a?ESw « 

sEimSaL. S5i -15 144 

BMes«OBB8 Inc 602 84 0# -03 155 

n> Accun 660 7*2# -07 in 

NWKBR** *18 iXU 

Do ACtaan 430 455# Ut 

Tg^NXrse. Getenoui* Rd. Ayfestnxy Bucks 

W3 . +00 008 

rSSS£i, K 7 . ’-os om 

. & atonw tH 7 6*1 734 -01 171 

30! 322 I*i oS 
_ 1234 1377 1*0 am 

Eumrnin Spec Sw 963 1Q30# tgn 

F+ancrt 2622 2304 -21 V90 

71 e -»5j 
1T7 i*fl 

g.1 734 
301 322 
1234 1377 

+oa on 

r-OS 010 
-at 207 
-05 am 
• ISO 
-0.1 40* 
-21 1.80 







New-look Grand Met 
fails to attract market 

Grand Metropolitan would surplus in the pension fund. 

be justified if it had a 
grievance against the stock 

It has . done all the right 
things, including developing 
«5 consumer brands which 
take in Foster’s Lager, 
Budweiser, Berni Inns and 
Mecca Bookmakers at home 
and AJpo petfoods and L&M 
cigarettes in America, and it 
has lessened its dependence 
on the traditional beer and 
milk markets. Yet its share 
price has gone nowhere this 

Yesterday it announced the 
first fruits of its recent 

Interim profits rose from 
£132 million to £140 million 
before tax and would have 
been £13.4 million higher if 
not for exchange rate 

There have so many acqui- 
sitions and disposals that the 
effect is difficult to unfurl, 
but it looks as if the loss of 
profits from the Brazilian 
cigarette and Pinkerton chew- 
ing tobacco businesses was 
just about offset at the trading 
level by a maiden contribu- 
tion from Pearle Health Ser- 
vices, the American eye care 

At home the sale of Mecca 
Leisure had a negative 

Cigarette prices have im- 
proved markedly in America, 
which has the twofold result 
of increasing profits and re- 
viving hopes of selling the 
business, bat probably not 
before the year end. 

Intercontinental Hotels, 
which. the company says is 
not for sale, is however facing 
serious downturn in the 
second half. 

The risk of terrorism has 
led to a considerable number 
of cancellations, and the im- 
pact has been made worse by 
the weakness of the dollar. 

Lower interest changes 
should counter that decline. 
In the first half they fell from 
£55.8 million to£5U million 
and there should be a further 
saving in the second half, 
with gearing on the way 

Borrowings stand at about 
£900 million, so the fell in 
interest rates is an additional 

Grand Met looks likely to 
make £370 million before tax 
in the full year making the p/e 
ratio 11 with the shares at 
408p. up 5dl 

That looks modest in view 
of the transformation taking 
place. This hasjjeai largely 
overlooked by the' market, 
which has been mope con-; 
oemed with the megabids 
going on elswhere in the City. 

There is the additional 
excitement of a substantial 

which has assets of more than 
£500 million. But Grand Mel 
is waiting for the Govern- 
ment to clarify its intentions 
before, deciding how to re- 
duce the surplus. 

British & 

For British & Common- 
wealth Shipping to say that 
1986 is to be a year of change 
is to tend towards the 

A sea change is more likely, 
if that is not an inappropriate 
way to describe a company 
which has whittled down its 
shipping interests to just one 
vessel compared with more 
than a 100 in the Seventies. 

Last year’s results are al- 
ready looking historic: With 
the sale of. the Excb and 
Overseas Containers hold- 
ings and the move to full 
ownership of Gartmore, 
about £35 million will be 
wiped off the annual contri- 
bution of associated compa- 
nies, which last year 
improved fay £8.5 million to 
£SL2 million. 

At the group's own compa- 
nies, the near £3 million 
losses from shipping have 
now been dealt with, albeit at 
an extraordinary cost of 
about £7 million. But prob- 
lems in air transport, where 
operating profits almost, 
halved to £9-2 million, are 
likely to stay with the compa- 
ny this year. 

What matters now is how 
the company, with the help of 
John Gunn, makes use of its 
immensely strong balance 
sheet B&C made a profit of 
about £50 million on the 
Exco stake and a further £30 
minion from Telerate, which 
contributed to the overall 
extraordinary profit of £61 
minion. This year it will 
receive £56 million for its 
OCL stake. 

So far, the moves have 
been oriented towards finan- 
cial services, with a major 
investment in commodity 
trading and more recently 
through the slake in Stock 
Beech. But B&C is not simply 
to be turned into another 
version of Exco. As the 
company itself says, h is 
“always invited to the party” 
and opportunities vary. 

Adding back the sharply 
reduced unrealized currency 
-losses and the profit on 
aircraft safest pretax profits : 
moved ahead 1 . by about? per 
,-eent last year. - _'V ; ; .; 

.’ * At life pretax level results > 
are likely to slip in' 1986. but * 
earnings should be at least 
static, giving a prospective 
p/e ratio.of 17 with the shares 

unchanged at 31 6p. Looking 
ahead to 1987, that could 
turn out to be mean. 

Alnmasc Group 

The Alumase Group is a 
diversified manufacturer of a 
range of products from 
■■ aluminium beer kegs to In- 
gersoll locks. It was farmed 
by Mr John McCall, the 
chairman and chief execu- 
tive, with the present execu- 
tive directors, to acquire two 
subsidiaries of Consolidated 
Gold Fields, Alumase and 
Ingersoll, in a management 
buyout for £4.7 million. 

That was two years ago. 
This month, the group is 
coming to the market whh a 
price lag of £18.4 million. 
Barclays Merchant Bank is 
offering 35 per cent of the 
shares at a price of !50p to 
raise £l million for the 
company (after expenses of 
£500.000) and £5.25 million 
for the existing shareholders. 

The biggest vendor is 
Barclays Industrial Invest- 
ments which is selling 2.4 
million shares for £3.6 

The company sees itself as 
a market-orientated manu- 
facturer in which shared pro- 
duction facilities for 
aluminium products allows 
cost saving and flexibility. 

The main business, which 
accounts for 46 per cent of 
profit, is the manufacture of 
aluminium casks and kegs 
and ancillary equipment for 
the beer industry. 

Aluminium building prod- 
■uos, mainly gutters, accounts 
for 28.4 per cent of profit and 
the manufacture of 
aluminium, plastic and brass 
precision components, 18.7 
per cent The remaining 6.9 
per cent of profit is made by 
Ingersoll high security locks. 

The five-year record de- 
picts a group emerging from 
industrial recession- The 
profit forecast promises a 
continuation of the recovery 
trend begun in 1984.. 

For the year to June 30. 
1986 the. directors forecast 
pretax profit of £2.7 million, 
an increase of just over 13 per 
cent on turnover of £26.5 
million, up 21 per cent. 

Future growth hinges on 
the development of new 
products and markets. 
Earnings per share are fore- 
cast to be 14.5p, putting the 
shares on a multiple of 10.3 at 
the issue price. Direct com- 
parisons other quoted 
vehicles fare^ Impossible 1 .^ ■ 

: j%jwewr.;jhe multiple’ is: 
similar?!© that of small- high 
quality engineering compa- 
nies with good management, 
making it fair value at the 
offer price. 


company plans to raise about 
$40 million (£26 milliool 
through an issue of new or- 
dinary shares ip the US in the 
form of American depositary 
receipts. This offer will be 
underwritten in the US by a 
syndicate led by Goldman, 
Sachs. The board intends to 
issue up io 21.4 million new 
shares, an increase of 9.9 per 

Dividend cut to 1.5p (2p) for 
1985. Turnover £38.79 million 
(£32.45 million). Pretax profit 
£4.42 million (£2.89 million). 
Extraordinary debit £28-25 mil- 
lion (£922,000). Earnings per 
share 3^!p fr.Sp). 

The group has bought ‘ the 
Galbraith King Group, a 
commercial primer, from Cen- 
tral and Sheerwood: £500.000 
was paid in cash at completion, 
white the balance of up io 
£35.000 will be paid in 

months to March 31. 1986. 
Interim dividend ZSOp (2_25p). 
payable on Aug. 12. Turnover 
£4.47 million (£4.31 million). 
Pretax profit £572,000 
(£692,000). Earnings per share 
9.73 d (9. S2p). 

• GBC CAPITAL: Six months 
to March 31, 1986. Total in- 
come Can$2.13 million (£1 
million), against CanS2.46 mil- 
lion. Net income CanSl.l mil- 
lion (CanS 1.38 million). 

HOLDINGS: A dividend of 
5.46p (4.96p) has been declared 
for the 52 weeks ended February 

(S3 weeks). With figures in 
30, turnover was up to 5 1 -2QQ 
(48.817) and trading profit to 
4,829 (4,430). Pretax profit to- 
talled 4J46 (4.789). 

CORPORATION; Group prof- 
its for the half-year to March 31 
totalled AusS 196,109,000 or 
£90.7 million, an' increase of 
AusS 10,693,000 (5.8 per cent) 
over the corresponding period 
last year. The bank has an- 
nounced a dividend of 14 cents 
per share. 

(CANADA): Sales and rentals 
(figures in CanSOOO) for the 
three months to March 31 
totalled 25,658 or £ 1 1.9 million 
(20,934). Pretax loss was 110 
(212) with loss per share at 5 
cents (9 cents). 

Hal Py ear results to March 31 
include an interim dividend of 
l-3p (Ip). With figures in £000, 
turnover was 5,808 (5.525) and 
pretax profit 586 (383). Earnings 
per share were 3.72p (2_27p). 

dend of 46.15 per cent (42 per 
cent) has been declasred for 
1985. With figures in £000. 
group income was 1.101 (973) 
and earnings per shine were 

• NOVO JNDUSTRI: Sales for 
the 1986 first quarter (figures in 
D Kr milHonsjslippal to 1,015 
or £80.3 million (1.074) and net 
income to 12! (180). 

SON: A final dividend of 2.5p 
making 3 Jp (3p) is included io 
the results for the year to 
February 28,_With figures in 
£000, turnover rose to 24.329 
(21.528) and operating profit to 
1,852 (1,651). Earnings per 
share were 11. 4p ( 1 1.2p).- 


More company news 
on pa ge 20 


Investing in advanced technology and 
product developments keeps Dunlop sports 
equipment well ahead of the held. 

A constant pursuit of excellence moti- 
vates all BTR companies and the rewards of 
this effort are our consistently good results. 

We’re ready for the next challenge at 
any time. After all, we thrive on competition. 


LONDON SW1P 2FL. 01-834 3848. 

Bank shares lead retreat 

The stock market was look- 
ing decidely jaded again yes- 
terday. with investors still 
demoralized by Wednesday's 
record rights issue from 

Banks remained the hardest 
hit, with Nat West another 25p 
down at 745p — a total fell ol 
l lOp since the announcemenL 
Barclays retreated by 15p to 
499p in sympathy and Irish 
banks were additionally upset 
by disappointing profits from 
Bank of Ireland, 40p down at 
46 5 p. Allied Irish Banks, 
reporting next Wednesday, 
fell by ISp to 223p. 

The day began cheerful!) 
enough, with sentiment 
helped by a 22-point rise on 
Wall Street on Wednesday 
and talk of another cut in 
interest rates next week. The 
Royal Dutch and “Shell" firsi- 
quarter figures proved to be 
above the worst estimates and 
helped shares improve still 

However, the rally soon 
petered out, leaving share 
prices vulnerable to small 
selling as dealers became in- 
creasingly gloomy about the 
short-term investment out- 

look pointing to further possi- 
ble cash calls. 

A number of large compa- 
nies coming to market the 
threat of industrial action by 
electricity workers and politi- 
cal uncertainties after the 
Government’s poor showing 
in the recent elections all 
affected sentiment. 

An early rise of nearly 5 
points in the FT 30-share 
index was turned into a de- 
cline of 17.4 points to 1.302.6 
at the close. The FT-SE 100 

Antler (T30pl 
ASMey (L) (i35p) 

BPP (IfiDp) 

Com tuned Lease (125p) 
Davies DY (l55p) 

Debtor (130p) 
Ferguson (J) fiOp) 
Gotti Gm Trot |165p) 

Green (E) (l20p) 
ipeco (I20p) 

Jarvis Ron or (I05p) 
Jurys Hotel MISp) 
Lee (ml (iBOp) 
Lexicon (lisp) 
Lodge Care (70p) 
Mustertin (ICSp) 
Really Useful (330p) 
Splash Prods (72p) 
Temoleton (21 5p) 

Sigmax (lOtpj 
SDKS (80c) 

189 -3 
213 -3 
120 -1 
158 -1 
132 +5 
383 -3 
203 -5 

index fell IS. 6 points to 

IO reflected the mood ai 
896p. down 2 1 p. Royal Insur- 
ance at 934p and Grand 
Metropolitan at 405p added 
about 3p after satisfactory 
statements. while, in oils. 
“Shell"' rose I Op to 773p on its 

In contrast. BP closed lOp 
lower at 553p after sharply 
reduced earnings and 
Ultramar slipped another 9p 
to I7bp on further consider- 

Tech Comp (i30p) 209 

Teen Proiect (I40pi 128 -t 

Tip Top Otug (ifcOpi 180 

Underwoods (tSOpi i?6 

USher (Frank) (i00p) 100 

Wellcome H20p) 195 -1 

Weston ry (145p) 159 +3 

Worcester (VtOpj 139 +2 

Wicttes tiJOpi 155 

Ashley Indl N/P 27 

Burmah Ou N/P 39 

F6C Euro N/P 3 

He stair Nj'P 23 -5 

Low £ Boner N/P 23 

President Eni N/P 15 

Ratners N/P 44 

Rosens ugh N/P 80-10 

Saatchi S & n-p 33 

Sale Tiiney N/P 5 

(issue price in brackets). 

alion of Wednesday’s disap- 
pointing performance. 

Of the handful of bright 
spots. Cecil Gee stood out 
with a 2lp rise to 12 Ip on 
vague bid talks. Electronic 
Machine attracted fresh specr 
ulative support at 84p —up 
I2p — and Amstrad continued 
to reflect growth prospects at 
529p. up I8p. 

Thorn EMI -improved by 4p 
io 46 Ip on the new products 
launched by its Inmos subsid- 
iary. English China Clays 
declined by 8p to 343p. in 
spite of higher-than-expected 
profits and a 25 per cent fall in 
earnings hit Aberdeen Con- 
struction at 2S2p, down 8p. 

Other builders made a firm 
showing with Taylor Wood- 
row up Sp to 628p. Speculative 
demand boosted Wiggins 
Group by 7p to 64p and 
Henderson Group advanced 
another 8p to 226p on further 
reaction to Wednesday's re- 

In quiet breweries. Van* 
jumped by 15p to 440p on 
rciived takeover hopes. 
Sompartex returned to favour 
at 2 1 3p. up ISp. while Body 
Shop climbed by 20p to 640p 

News Corporation plans 
$200m Reuters placing 

By Oar City Staff 

Mr Rupert Murdoch's 
News Corporation is to offer 
for sale its 7.7 per cent “B" 
shareholding in the Reuters 
news and financial informa- 
tion group through a $200 
million (£130.4 million) issue 
of redeemable preference 
shares which will be partly 
used to replace existing high- 
cost preference stock. 

The News Corporation pref- 
erence shares, which will be 
issued at $1,000 each, will be 
exchangeable into Reuters 
shares from 90 days after issue 
until they expire after 15 
years. The conversion price 
and exchange rate details will 
be fixed on or before May 22, 
but will probably represent a 
15 per cent premium on the 
ruling price of Reuters shares, 
which dosed yesterday at 

Until conversion, the News 
Corporation preference 
shares, which are being issued 
through its subsidiary, 
Newscorp Finance NV, are 
expected to pay an annual 
dividend of 5 per cent News 
Corporation will remain an 
important investor in Reuters 
through its 9.5 per cent stake 

in the company's “A” shares. 

If all the shares are convert- 
ed News Corporation will 
dispose of its entire 24.7 
million Reuters “B" shares. 
These, which have limited 
voting rights, were issued at 
196p at the lime of Reuters's 
public flotation in July 1984. 
Last November a group of 
British newspaper companies 
placed 37 million Reuters "B” 
shares at 3l2p each with a 
large group of institutions. 

Mr Murdoch, who is chief 
executive of News Corpora- 
tion and a director of Reuters, 
said yesterday: “The excellent 
terms achieved in this issue 
highlight Reuters's impressive 
acbievments and anticipated 
continued growth. Unlike pre- 
vious platings by Reuters 
shareholdings, the preference 
shares are being offered in the 
Eurosecurities markets, away 
from the London Stock 

The international syndicate 
which has arranged the issue is 
being lead managed by Credit 
Suisse First Boston with 
Deutsche Bank and Swiss 
Bank Corporation as co-lead 



Ffcd c&vKfeniT payments m respect of tin year OSS wit be made on or utter 
27 May 1996 as fotows:- 

Sl/B- SHARES Of FL.12 


A dividend. Serial No 118 of FL 6 OS 8 per sub-stums. eguiratefit to 16CL3399p 
converted a FI 3 BOOS - El. 

DUTCH DIVIDEND TAX relief is Given by certain Tax Conventions conduded by th® 
Netherlands A resident of a convention country w#. generMy be Wda n Dutch dividend 
tax at only 15% (HO. 3144. 240S00P per sub- snare) provided the appropriate. Di*eh 
exemption form is submmed. No form & raqiirod from UK nokfenta & tha deadend « 
darned «wthin am months from the above dale, if the sub-sttaras are owned by a UK 
re&daru aid are eft Gravely connected wttfi a business coned on through a permanent 
establishment in the Netherlands. Dutch dividend tax at 25% (H.1 52A. 40 tOOOp per 
sub-share) w# be deducted and vrit be afowed as credit against the tax payable on the 
prota of the esutot&nmemt. Residents ot norveonvenuon countnes ere table to Dutch 
dividend tax at 259L 

UK INCOME TAX al the reduced rate of 14% (24 OGOOp per sub-share) on the (pass 
amount wifl be deducted frem payments made to UK residents Instead of at the basic rate 
of £3%. Tha represents a provisional allowance of cnecfil at the rata of 15% far tha Dutch 
dnndend rax already withheld. No UK income tax wH be deducted from payments to 
non- UK residents who sitnw an Inland Revenue Affidavit of non-residence in the UK. 

1b obtain payment of the dhikteiid aik-ahara canfcatea must bo Bated on Listing 
Forma obianable from 1 — 

M ribald Bank ofc. Slock Exchange Services Depi. Mariner House. Pepys Street 
London. EC2N40A 

Northern Bank Limited. 2 Waring Street Belfast BIT 2EE 

Afced Irish Banks pfb Securities Dept, Stock Exchange. Bank Contra. BaMsbridga. 

Clydesdale Bank PLC. 30 Si Vincent naca. Glasgow. 

Separate forms are avertable for use (alby Banks. UK fbms of Stockbrokers. Solctore 
or Chartered Accountants (b) by other daimams Notes on rtw procedure, in each case, are 
primed on the forms. 


A dividend of FI . 10.16 per FL20 agamst surrender of Coupon No 1 10. Coupons may 
be encashed through one of the paying agents in the Netherlands or through Midland Bank 
pic: r the taler case they mus: bo bsiad on the special farm, obtainable hum the Bank, 
whch contains e dectaratian that trie certificates do not belong to a Netherlands resident. 
(nnruoMfts for darning reSef from Dutch dividend and UK mcome tax are as sol out above 
except that UK residents kaole to Dutch dnndend tat at only 15% must Stixnk a Dutch 
axenippon fotm. Dutch dividend ta* an this dividend is FLZ54 at 25% and FL 1.524 at 
15%. The proceeds bom the onceshmem of coupons through a paying agent m the 
Netherlands w£l be credilod to a corewtb^ !ion ns account with a bmk or brafcv in the 

A statement of the procedure for damng relef tram Dutch dividend tax and tar the 
encadtmem of coupons, including names of paying agents and canvontjoo countries, can 
bo obtained from Midland Bank pic at tha above address or from the London Transfer 

London Transfer Office. Unilever House. Bteckfriare, London EC4P ABO. 

14 May 1986. 


ICL benefited from the strategies implemented in preceding 
years and has continued its leadership in promoting Open 
Systems standards for information systems. 

New products, many arising from collaborations, came on 
stream. Increased volumes were handled by new distribution 

The effects of staff and management training programmes 
were reflected in our ability to manage the business in 
turbulent market conditions. 









Profit before Tax 



Return on Capital employed 



Turnover per employee (£) 


- ■ 



We should be talking to each other. 



— Royal Insurance 
Estimated First Quarte 
Results for 1986 

The nsuhsforikcla^uarurarcKtoiabdaaKlksedunddnoibeutkcKta 

pruridinga reliabk indicHum of die outcome for die year as a zchoie. 

3 months 

3 months 

31 March 

3l March 










General Insurance: 

Premiums Written 



2,779 5 

Underwriting Balance 
Investment Income 




allocated to General 
Insurance Revenue 




General Insurance Result 




Long-term Insurance Profit 7.0 



Investment Income 

attributable to Capital 
and Reserves 




Share of Associated 

Companies’ Profits 




Profit before Taxation 





5.1 (credit) 113 


Minority Interests 

03 (credit) 0-2 


Net Profit 




Earnings per share 

10-2p (loss) l(X9p 


Capital and Reserves 

£2, 15 9m 

£ 1,760m 

£ 1,905m 

* There was a £66.7m improvement in 
the first quarter result with a pre-tax 
profit of£29.4m compared with a pre- 
tax loss of£373m in the same period 
last year, 

He The recovery was most marked in the 
United States with a pre-tax improve- 
ment of £40. 6m, the United Kingdom 
£17. 7m and Canada £7.5m. 

* All operating companies achieved 
better underwriting results to produce 
a small worldwide insurance profit 
after including aUc^ted investment 

The profit from Royal Life Holdings 
increased by 18.6% to £7m 
(1985: £5. 9m) 

The pre-tax -result has been adversely affected by £53m due to 
changes in exchange rates; the underwriting balance bene fiting 
by £lL9m, but investment income and Associated Companies’ 
profits being reduced by £1 7.2m. 



jX Wi. iu 

The group's profit before taxation increased to £140-2 
million for the half year ended 31st March, 1986. competed 
with £131.9 million for the corresponding period of the 
previous year. If the same exchange rates as a year ago had 
been used to translate the results of overseas subsidiaries 
into sterling the group's profit would have been £13.4 
million higher. Earnings per share increased by 10.4%, from 
11.5p to 12.7p. 

An interim dividend of 4.0p per share is to be paid, 
representing an increase of 10.0% over the corresponding 
dividend last year of 3.t>3bp per share (adjusted for the 
subsequent one for ten capitalisation issue). 

The group has made a number of acquisitions and disposals 
in the last year or so. which distort comparisons between 
the first half of the current year and the corresponding 
period of the previous year. But for the effect of these, and 
the impact of movements m exchange rates on translation 
of the external sales of overseas subsidiaries into sterling, 
the group's turnover would have been higher than a 
year ago. 

The United Kingdom sector made very satisfactory 
progress and achieved a 19.5% increase in trading profit 
compared with the corresponding period of the previous 
year. Higher sales volumes in Brewing reflected the 
substantial investment in brand development which has 
been made in recent years, whilst Consumer Services 
benefited particularly from the success of its licensed 
retailing and industrial catering activities. Foods' trading 
profit was significantly higher than a year ago despite the 
sale of its liquid milk business in the north of England. 

improvement in margins in the cigarette business and, 
desprite the fall in demand for fitness equipment, the 
trading profit expressed in US dollars was 11.1% higher 
titan a year ago. 

In the International sector; Hotels maintained its trading 
profit, even as the market fe*' hotel accommodation in 
Europe began to lose some of its buoyancy. Wines and 
Spirits continued to make good progress in almost all its 
markets and, but for the increasing weakness of the US 
dollar against sterling, would also have achieved a small 
increase in trading profit 

The reducHon ln the interest charge was attributable m the . 
mam to lower interest rates and to favourable exchange rate 

The interim dividend for the year ended 30th September, 
1986 of 4.0p per share will be paid on 6th October, 1986 to 
shareholders on the register on 29th August, 1986. The cost 
of the interim dividend will be £34.0 million (1985 - 
£30.7 million). • 

A valuation of the group’s main UK pension fund, which 
has assets with a market value in excess of £500 million, is 
currently being completed by the consulting actuaries. 
Although 'preliminary calculations indicate a substantial 
surplus, it is intended to await publication of the 
Government’s proposals for the control of pension fund 
surpluses generally before considering how best to apply 
this surplus. 

15th Mav, 1986 

S.G. Grinstead Chairman 

Half year to 31 March Year to 

(unaudited) 30 September 







United Kingdom 





Consumer Services 







United Stales 

Consumer Products 









Wines and Spirits 







Trading Profit 

: : . 

• -• : : 

U rated kingdom 

. ' . . 



■ -303 ■ 


Consumer Services 








United States 

Consumer Products 









Wines and Spirits 











Profit on ordinary activities before taxation 








Profit on ordinary activities after taxation 



Minority shareholders' interests 

” (151 

' (2.4) 


Preference dividends 



Pm® after extraordinary items 
Earnings per share 


1 P«wiK and I* W! erf wn>«js sgtadunes are translated into -JtHmp at weighted awraitp rate* of nriunjae. 

2. The charge lur taxation k vUmuied on the hat* I hit the rate of fK corporation tax will be 37.3% (KW - 425% j and includes over**, taution 
of £llw milium I W»5 - OM milium!. 

3. The figures learning* per share jrv cakubtrf by Miwitte to rtw fwrtit aUriKitabk- h> ordinary shorefii’kKTi tvton: extraordinary items. They hove 
hwn adpuiai to uk* account ot the capitalisation issue of one ordinary share for ewn, ten shares held at the dose of business on 31st January tosn. 

* ^ h»n*s for ihe year in 5<lh September, lix? have been vxiracted tram account*, ntwh have hwi filed with the Registrar of Companies and 
contain an unqualified audit report. 

Grand Metropolitan PLC, 13-12 Hanover Square, London W1A 1DP. 

Wordptex Information Sys- 
tems: Mr Johu Cross has been 
promoted to group managing 
director. Mr.DarH EDSott is to 
become managing director. 

Brent Walker Holdings: Sir 
Kenneth Cork has joined the 
board as a non-executive 

Wimpey Property Hold- 
lings: Mr Douglas Gairod is 
now property director. Mr 
David Posner has been made 
finance director. 

ECI Ventures: Mr A J 
Lorenz is now on the board as 
a non-executive director. 

Lion International: Mr Bri- 
an Haigh has been, made a 

Stetzel, Hume & Or. The 
board comprises: Mr Keith 
Sfetzet, chairman, Mr Duncan 
Ord-Hmue, Mr Katneth Bai- 
ley, Mr Anthony Newnham, 
Mr Stephen Bassett and Mr 
Stephen Hartigan. 

Air-Log: Mr Gary Bach has 
been made managing director. 

Priest Marians: Mr Geof- 
frey Walters has been elected 
an executive director. 

Maples. .Waring & GiUpw: 
■Mir' nit Cunningham has be- 
come associate director 

Pullen Pumps: Mr David 
Harrnp is now managing 
director. - 

C H Beazer (Holdings): Mr 
Robert David Stephens be- 
comes a main board director. 

Friends’ Provident Mr 
John A de Havflland and Mr 
Richard M O Stanley have 
been appointed to the board. 


The Bank oflrefand yester- 
day announced a strong im- 
provement in its pretax profits 
for last' year in spile of a 
continuing high leva of bad 

It reported a jump m profits 
of just over 54 per cent, or 
nearly IK£30 million (£27 
mini on), from TRE52.7 mil- 
lion ro IRfBI.3 million forthe 
year to March 3L 

Almost all the improve- 
ment came from the bank 
itself, where trading pronis 
rose from IRE42.7 million to 
IR£74.3 million, while the 
performance of its subsidiar- 

ies deteriorated by IR£7 mil- 
lion to £15.4 million, r. 

The greatest contribution to 
the results cane from a sharp- 
ly lower loan loss provision of 
IR£57.1 million c om pare d 
with IRJE83.8 million the year 
before. But the bank said that 
“die charge . for loan loss, 
provisions continues to be 
unacceptably high, reflecting 
the conditions affecting group 

It said that if official. fore- 
casts for the economies in 
which the group operated were 
correct, bad debt provisoes 
would continue to mil 

The results were severely 

affected by an TRX17 million . 
jump in the tax charge to 
,!R£J7 million compared with 
IS£20 tfrcpreviotjs year, feav- 

i^lim/an zri^tce of oaiy' 
£10 million. 

The bank ini out at the 
“arbftrmy” bank levy, which 
cost it !T£I 0.5 million, dairo. 
ihg tha it took a dispropor- 
tionate share of profit “There 
was sever any sustainable 
justification for the levy", h 

The group announced a 
final dividend of I4p, giving a 
total dividend for de year of 

The Great Northern 
Telegraph Company’s 
Holding Company Limited 

(Registered m Denmark. N a 9181 ! 


pany Limited (‘the Companyflannounces that-at? meeting- ; 
of the Board of Directors held on 19th March, 1986 a reso- 
lution was passed to increase th^isa^.&ha^Opipl'of d^ *• 
Company from D.Kr. 49,140 ,000 to DiG. 7:T7lO;DDO by ' 
offering new shares with a nominal value "of D.KjT 
24,570,000 for subscription in Danish Kroner at a price of 
430 per cent, of par, the Company's existing shareholders 
having prior subscription rights. 

“ The new shares will "entitle their holders io the foil amount 

- of any dividend to be declared in respect of the year ending 

30th June, 1987, but not to dividends in respect of earlier 
periods. In all other respects the new shares will rank pari 
piissu wi tir existing shares. - 

A copy of the Circular to Shareholders dated 15th May, 

- 198 *5. which iadudeLJjstinRj^cul^ tfre 

Company in aceoid^nce withThe StoAEjichangefLtatiRg) 
Regulations 1984, has been delfrered tp the Registrar, of 4 

■ — Co mp a n ies i n E ngl and a n d 'T faleS "as requi red b y those 1 

1 Regulations. 

Copies of such Grcular containing such Listing Particulars,- 
and giving foil particulars of the Rights Issue and the pro- 
cedure for exercising such prior subscription rights, are 
available to shareholders, together with the related lodge- 
ment form, at Hambros Bank Limited, Stock Counter, 
41 Bishopsgate, London EC2P 2AA during normal ., 
banking hours from today until 26th June, 1936. 

I.J. Dewhirst 

Holdings p.Lc. 

Clothing Manufacturers 
Highlights from 

the Statement by the Chairman, 

for the year ended 17th January, 1986 


32 . 4 %. ... : . 

.10p per share -an 

■3f Sates £ 57 £ 69 , 0 q 0 -up. 335%. 


-36- Total Orofrnaiy dividend for the year t 
increase of 21 .8%, 

Scrip Issue 

^Proposed 1 for 5 scrip tesua 

* Experience shows there is no bdter way to encourage 

• employee involvement m the company than through these 
schemes. Company contritejtlon ip Profit Stafrrg.Scheme up 
25 %. 

ProductioiTand Expansion 

4^- Trading conditions diring 1 9^ generally Ciuoyarft: forecaste 
exceeded; profit margins virtually maintained. 

Workforce co- operation an important factor in increasing 
efficiency and reducing cost basa 


Controlled grpwBi remans company's policy, 

■^Currem sales comfortabty ahead of fast y^s. ' 

I. J. Dewhirst Holdings pJx,, Du wear House. 

Westgate, Driffield, North Humberside, Y025 7TH. 


GN Great Nordic Ltd 

lBe^mtxlbtDtamBriiNiL459 - 

fo r m erly known as 

The Great Northern Telegraph 
Company liinited 


In March, 1986 GN Great Nordic Ltd ("the Company^ 
entered into a series of purchases of the outstanding shares in 
its subsidiary company GN La or. Knudsen as,' which will 
result in the Company acquiring all the shares it did not pre- 
viously own at a total cost ofDJCr. 32L8 million. 


At the Company's Annual Geaecti Meeting held on 15th 
May, -1986 a resolution was passed to increase die share cap- 
ital of tire Company from D.Kr. 201,306,420 to D.Kr. 
30L959.540 by offering new shares with a nominal value of ; 
D.Kr. 100,653,120 for .subscription in Danish Kroner at a 
price of 400 per cent of par, the Company's existing share- 
holders having poor subscription ri^ns. 

The new shares will entitle their holders to the foil amount of 

any dividends to be declared in respect of the year ending 
31st Dece m ber, 1986 but not to dividends in'respect of ear- 
lier periods. In all other respects the new shares will rank pari 
pecsuMixit existing shares.. ...... 

\Acopy d£th4 ^Ercular tb Shso^xikfere placed 1 5th May,. 
"i986r which JncTmfes.'Liaij^'Krticu^^ relating to the . 
. Cotnpaiiy in accord^Ke with The Stock Exchange lUsting) 
Regulations 1984. baa been dehvered to the Registrar of 
Companies in England and Whies as required by those 

Copies of such Grcular containing such Listing forticulais, 
and giving further details of the acqu i sition of the bal an c e of 
GNLauc Knudsen as and foil particulars of the Rights Issue 
and the procedui.'’ for exercising such prior subscription 
rights, are available to shareholders, together with the related 
lodgement form, at Hambros Bank Limited, Stock Counter, 

■ 41 Bishopsgat^'London EC2P 2AA, during normal business 
hours from today until 26th June, 1986. 

5 POVKoninkfijkeNederiandsdie 
Petroleum Maatschappq 

(Royal Dutch) 

Established at The Hague. The Netherlands 


Final dividend 1985 

The General Meeting of Shareholders of Royal Dutch Petro- 
leum Company held on 15th May, 1986. has decided to 
-declare the final dividend for 1 985 at N.fl. 8:30 on each of the - 
268,037,044 ordinary shares with a par value of N.fL 10 
outstanding at December 31, 1985. so that the total diw- 
dencf for 1985, including the interim dividend of' 450 
already matte payable in September 1985. will amount to 
N.fl. 1 2.80 on each of the said shares. 

In the case of holders of bearer certificates with coupons 
this final dividend will be payable against surrender of cou- ' 
pon No. 7 79 on or after 27th May. 1986. at the offices of: 

NM. Rothschild & Sons Linutsd. 

New Court, St. Swithin's Lane, 

London EC4P4DU 

- on business days between the hours of 9.30 a.m. and 2 pm 

Payment will be made m sterling at the buying rate of ex- 
— change current in-London at 2 pm on-20th May, 4986.^ Hrrthe 
; case of coupons presented an or before that date, or on the 
/ day of presentation in the case of coupons presented subse- 
quently. Coupons must be accompanied by a presentation 
form, copies of which can be obtained from N.M. Rothschild 
& Sons Limited 

In the case of shares whose dividend sheets were, at the 
dose of business on 15th May. 1986, in custody of a Depos- 
itary admitted by Centrum voorFondsenadministraue B.V., 
Amsterdam, this final dividend will be paid to such Deposi- 
tary on 27th May, 1986. Such payment will be made through 
the medium of N.M. Rothschild & Sons Limited, after re- 
ceipt by them of a duly completed CF Dividend Claim Form. 

"Inhere under the double taxegreemem between the United 
Kingdom and the Netfierlands. 15 per cent Netherlands 
; tax has been withheld, the ISpercem Netherlands 

tax is allowable for a resident of the United Kingdom as a" 
credit against the United Kingdom income tax payable m 
respect of the dividend. The deduction of United Kingdom ’ 
income tax at the reduced rate of 14 per cent instead of at 
the Basic Rate of 29 per cent represents a provisional al- i 
fowance of credit at the rate of 15 percent. ! 

Where appropriate, the usual affidavit certifying non-resi- 
dence - in the United Kingdom will also be required if pay- 
ment is to be made without deduction of United Kingdom 
income tax at the basic rate. 

The Hague, 16th May. 1986. . I 



x i 




Copies of this document, which comprises Listing Particulars with regard to Charles Barker PIC in 
accordance with The Stock Exchange (Listing) Regulations 1984, have been delivered for registration to 
the Registrar of Companies in England and Vblcs as required by those Regulations. Application has been 
made to the! Council of The Stock Exchange for the whole of the ordinary share capital of Charles' Barker 
PLC, issued and to be issued, to be admitted to the Official List. 

The Directors of Charles Barker PLC, whose names appear in this document, are the persons responsible 
for the Information contained In this document. To the best of the knowledge and belief of the Directors 

(who have taken all reasonable care to ensure that such is the case) the information contained in this 
document is in accordance with the Etas and does not omit anything likely to affect the import of such 
informal ion. The Directors accept responsibility accordingly. 

The application list for the shares now being offered for sate will open at 10 on 'Wednesday. 21st May. 
1986 and may be closed at any time thereafter. The procedure for application and the application form are 
set out at che end of this document- It is expected that dealings in the whole of the issued ordinary share 
capital of Charles Barker PLC will commence on Thursday. 29th May. 1986. 


(Incorporated in England and Wales under the Companies Acts 1948 to 1981 — No. 1660786) 





of 5,027,085 ordinary shares of 5p each at a price of 
150p per share, payable in full on application 

Share capital 

-Setoui below is the authorised and issued share capital of Charles Barker PLC 
_ as it will be immediately following ibe admission of the ordinary share 
. capital to the Official List. 

* Issued and 

" to be issued 

Authorised JuUypaid 

A 1 .200.000 Ordinary shares of 5p each .& 1,005. 4 17 

The new ordinary shares which are the subject of the Offer for Sale rank 
in full Tor all dividends and other distributions hereafter declared, 
paid or made on the issued ordinary share capital of Charles Barker PLC 
and rank pari passu in all respects with the existing ordinary shares of Charles 
■Barker PLC. 


At the close of husiness on 18th April. 1986, Charles Barker PLC and its 
present and proposed subsidiaries had capital obligations under finance leases 
totalling A I .S^.Cmn. ai that date Charles Barker PLC had granted a fixed 
charge over its book debts and a floating charge over its undertaking and 
property (including uncalled capital) to secure a hank facility of 
■fcJ.50H.nni>; a subsidiary. Charles Barker Croup Limited, had granted 
i a floating charge over its undertaking and property I including uncalled 

• capiial) to secure the same facility. At 18th April. 1986. Charles Barker PLC : 

• amffp present andpmpbs^'tthsidiaries had no bank menftafts and bad 

t cosh-balances of Sr2£5$'&lb ? •" ■ '■ '• 

• SawaF rfovesati 'aiid apart from intra group Indebtedness, neither Charles 
Barker PLC nor any of such subsidiaries had at that date anyToao capita) 
outstanding or created buz unissued, any term loans, or any other 
borrowings or indebtedness in the nature of borrowings, including 
bank overdrafts and liabilities under acceptances (other than normal trade 
bills) or acceptance credits, mongages, charges, hire purchase 

. commitments or guarantees or other material contingent, liabilities. 

Trading record of Charles Backer 

Billings £m 

Trading profit £000s 

“the Company* 

Charles Barker PLC 
(or the parent company at the relevant time) 

"Charles Barker" or “the Group* 

the Company and its 
-existing subsidiaries 

•the Directors' 

‘ordinary shares’ 

•advert istng* 

'public relations" 

•human resources' 

-below (he line services" 

the Directors of the Company 

N. W. Ayer International, Incorporated 
• (a subsidiary of N. V. Ayer & Son, Incorporated) 

Norman Broadbent International Limited 

J. Henry Schroder *E*gg & Co. Limited 

ordftuuy shares of 5p each in the 
capital of the Company 

riatg.r-.. * V.** ,<* ’• • ,a« 

. the planning, creation and execution of 
advertising in all media — television, press, 
posters, radio and cinema 

improving and maintaining an 
organisation's reputation with customers, 
clients, shareholders, local communities. 
Government, employees and trade unions 

organisational development, staff training 
and communications, executive search, 
recruitment advertising and internal 
employee publications 

direct' marketing and sales promotion, 
merchandising and display.- exhibitions, 
conferences, audio-visual and video 

the aggregate of eommisstooable 
advertising which is included at Invoice 
values charged ro clients plus fees charged 
io clients which are included at invoice 
value multiplied by 6* in accordance with 
Ihe practice widely adopted -in ibe 
advertising industry. Both amounts exclude 
value added tax. 

The following information is derived from, and should be read in 
conjunction with, (be full rest of ibis document. 

Basin ess of Charles Barker «. .. 

Charles Barker PLC is the holding company of i group offering a wde 
ranac of communications skills covering advertising, public relations, 
human resources and below -ihe-llne services to owe 1.100 diems The 
counirv i second Luges* UK-owned communKanons group. Charles 
Barker' produced record billings ol £156-6 million In 1985 with trading 

profits —a* 6 million — nearly lire times (hose in 1981. The Group 

has a strong national network, with officesln London. Birmingham. 
Manchester Edinburgh. Glasgow and Aberdeen, and access to 65 
offices worldwide through its links with Ayer, the US-based advertising 



1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 


Thr above information ha. been enoacd from rhe AccDurmna' Report. 

Acquisition of NHI ' 

TheUomp*riy-has agreed ro acquire N81>« k^ngexerrotiveaearch >" 
consultancy subject U3 che grant listing-' • — ■ ' ■ *■ - ■ * 

Offe^fwSsdeMatbdcs • 

■r /' 

Offer for Sale price 


Number of ordinary shares in issue following the 
Offer for Sale 


Market capitalisation 

£30-2 million 

Pro forma fully diluted earnings per ordinary share 
for the year ended 3Isx December, 1985 
Price/earnings multiple based on the above 
pro forma earnings * 



Forecast ner dividend per ordinary share for the 
year ending 3lst December, 2986 '/ 


Prospective gross dividend yield 


TV above tuitajcv catwnxourx of the prepared aoqiuvtt too of NBI. 

Secretary and 
register ed office 

B m dog lwe 

Stockbrok er s 

Auditors and 
r eporti n g acco unta n t s 

Solicitors to 
the Company 

Offer for Sale 

Regist rar s 

Rece i ving bankers 

Antony Edmund Snow Chairman 
Stephen Cokayne Gibbs Deputy Chairman 
Patrick David Murray 
John Ross Page FCA Finance Director 
Sir Richard Baker WiLbraham Be" 

James Hurd Vuighn" 

" non-exeatdre 

aJJ of 30 Pamrp^oa Saeet, ' ' “ 
London EC4A4EA. 

John Ross Page FCA. 

30 Eirringdon Street. London EC4A SEA. 

J. Henry Schroder Wigg & Co. Limited. 
120 Cbeapside, London EC2V 6 ds. 

Ca7enove ft Co- 

12 Token house 'dud, London EC2R TAN. 

Binder Hamlyn, 

Chartered Accountants. 

8 St- Bride Street, London EC4A4DA. 

Slaughter and May: 

35 Basinghall Street, London EC2V SDB. 

Allen & Overy, 

9 Cheapslde, London EC2V 6 aD. 

Midland Bank PLC. 

5 Threadneedle Street. London EC2R 8BD. 
Barclays Bank PLC, 

2 Cannon Street, London EOtM 6XA. 

Barclays Bank PLC. 

Rt-RlM ration Department. 

Radbroke Hall, Knutsford, 

Cheshire Wai6 9EU. 

Barclays Bank PLC. 

New issues Dep artment. 

P.O. Box 123. Fleerway House, 

25 Earringdon Street London £C4A 4HD.' 

papers were able to publish up-todaie information at the same time as 
The Times reached the provinces. 

The success of the newsletter in che United Kingdom led to demand from 
overseas subscribers. By 1R30 Charles Barker nos pitching for more 
continental business: ‘Our sources of information in the City of London 
are of the most extensive and authentic kind. Merchants Of the first 
respectability regularly furnish us with every ba of public interest". 

Through its links with provincial and overseas newspaper publishers, 

Lawson ft Barker became a useful source of news for The Times, 

Furthermore, because of its privileged position with The Times, the 
firm was used increasingly by diems to place advertisements in that 
newspaper. The honking and railway boom of the 1830 s and 1840's, resulting 
in the publication of hundreds of prospectuses, saw the rapid expansion 
of the advertising business. 

After the ponnerxhip between Lawson and Barker was dissolved in 1833. 
Charles Barker assumed control of the business Over the next 20 years 
communications improved hut, with the telegraph companies taking over 
the dissemination of news. Charles Barker's neWkletier service gradually 
declined and was eventually closed. The advertising business, however, 
continued to thrive and Charles Barker remained an important 
advertising diem of The Times. 

1913 to the present day 

In 1913 the business was incorporated os Charles Barker ft Sons 

outstanding success of the business: "In the advertising wodd Messrs* *-■ 
Barker ft Sons srill hold their place in the front rank Slid they havea'recortr *“ 1 
of connections and business trans3cted surpassed ... A City 
advertising firm which witnessed "®Kertoa and the' rubber boom . . . may ' 
well be proud of its'record". 

The Company remained at the forefront of what bad by then become an 
advertising industry and, in 1917, was among the founder members of the 
Institute of Practitioners in Advertising. In 1923 rile Company was 
appointed by His Majesty's Stationery Office to become rfte official 
advertising agents ro H.M Government. This resulted in a significant 
volume of classified advertising (much of which related io recruitment) and 
laid the foundations for what is now the Group's human resources 

Between the 1930*s and 1950‘s a significant proportion of the Company's 
equity was sold ro clients of the merchant banks. Helbcn Wagg ft Co 
Umtitxl and Baring Brothers ft Co. Limned, thus ending the Barker family's 
tie. with the business. The Company's suong institutional shareholder 
base has remained to this day. with institutions holding some 58 per cent, 
of the issued share capital poor io the Offer for Kile. 

With its strong connections amongst merchant hanks, the Company won 
most of the advertising business relating to the de- nationalisation of the steel 
industry in the I95u's and the media campaigns launched by the main 
clearing hanks In the 1950's. and 1960 s drew the Company into 
increasingly wide areas of operation. Since ihe early lyjjo's ihe Group has 
continued to expand, with separate operating companies established 
rn London and regional offices opened to serve diems throughout the 
United Kingdom. 

(n order to provide an international service for clients, a link wuh Ayer, 
one of the top 20 advertising agencies in the Untied States, was formed 
in 19 7 4. Ayer has representative offices in ?l countries and holds 10 per 
cent, of ibe issued share capital of ihe Company prior to the Offer for 

By the early 1980's the management of the Company had recognised the 
need ro provide Increasingly diverse services in an imegrated and 
co-ordinated way. Between them, the operating companies are now able 
to provide a full service in the four main skill areas m which Charles 
Barker operates-, advertising, public relations, human resources and 
below the line services. . . 

Charles Barker's broad range of activities represents one of its major 
strengths: ir is nor dependenr on a single market and it derives 
significant benefits from the cross referral of business between skill areas. 

The Company has recently agreed to acquire, upon listing, a leading executive 
search consultancy. NBI. based in London. This acquisition is part of a 
continuing strategy to develop and expand the businesses ol the Group. 

of Charles j 

r I ' he range and quality of communications skills offered by 
m Charles Barker place n at che forefront of its industry' in the 
United Kingdom. In advertising, public relations, 
human resources and below-xhe-Iine services, Charles Barker isamong ■ - 
the leaders. 

Since the early )9~0'irCharies Barker has pursued a strategy of developing 
a broad base of specialist skills in order to meet the multiple needs of 
clients from one source and through one contact. Asa result, the Directors 
believe that Charles Barker is ihe most experienced rnu In -service 
communications group in the United Kingdom today, having pioneered a 
strategy that other major advertising groups in Britain are now seeking 
to emulate. 

The Group operates through a number of subsidiary companies, on the 
following functional basis: 


Ayer Barker 
Charles Barker City 
Owen TCuie Delmorue 
Charies Barker Black ft Gross 
Charles Barker Manchester 
Charles Barker Scotland 

Public Relations 

Charles Barker Lyons 
Charles Barker Cwv 
Charles Barker Witney ft Powell 
Charles Barker Black ft Gross 
Charles Barker Scotland 
Charles Barker Mearns ft Gill 

The advertising business of Charles Barker 

Charles Barker has three national agencies, including a specialist 
financial agency, and three regional agencies. 

Ayer Barker is the Group's largest consumer advertising agency and 
provides all advertising services for consumer, corporate, 
business- to- basinet and retailing clients Through us long-standing links 
with Ayer, Ayer Barker is able to meet the need far Internal ional advertising 
by multi -national diems. Ayer Barker has the ability to refer clients 
requiring services overseas to Ayer In turn. Ayer refers its business in the 
United Kingdom io Aver Barker. Further derails of these arrangements are 
set out in paragraph 7 erf 'Statutory and General Information'. 

Charles Barker City, heir to the original Charles Barker business founded 
in 1812. specialises in corporaie and financial advertising, annual 
report design and production, corporate identity design, and also provides 
audio visual, marketing consult ancy and maikei research services. 

Owen Wade Delmonie is Charles Barker's second consumer advertising 
agency in London. 

Charles Barker Bladt ft Gross (based in Birmingham ». Charles Barker 
Manchester and Charles Barker scoiland are the three regional 
agencies and offer complete advertising services. 

• The public relations business of Charles Barker 

. Charles Barket,offers a full range of public reljiir.n- services m ihe 
•qinhed-Kingdom. w ilh companies m London. Birmingham and Scoiland. 
On ihe basis of fee income, il ranks number two in ihe United 

Charles Barker Lyons is ihe largesr of these companies, with five divisions 
specialising in consumer marketing, corporate affairs, business to 
business, health and science, and technology and industry. 

Charles Barker City specialises rn financial and corporaie public relations. 
Charles Barker Tthiney ft Powell is a poliiicjl and parliamentary 
consultancy. 1 1 acts as a link between politicians and industrialism and 
helps with the presentation of cases io Parliament. 

Charles Barker's regional companies, including Charles Barker Mearns ft 
Gill based in Aberdeen, provide full public relations sets ices for 
clients based outside U rdon. 

The human resources business of 
Charles Barker 

Charles Barker's human resources husinc.v helps clients to recruu staff, 
io motivate ihem and I hereby to improve iheir working performance. 
Charles Barker Recruitmem rank- number two. in terms of hillings, in 
recruitment advertising in the United Kingdom It i> a lull service 
agency', with particular strength- in planning and mcdiJ buying, and has 
il- own in house creative depjrimeni. 

Charles Backer Management Selection International handles middle and 
senior management appointments j«, well as (he recruirmem of 
executive personnel. 

Charles Barker Communion ions specialises in communications 
consultancy, staff training, education programmes and publications 

Charles Barker's regional companies offer human resource services for 
local clients and for local operations of lunonal organisation*. 

The below-the-llne services of Charles Barker 

Charles Barker .- below ihe lute business helps companies deal direct 
wilh their clwomen, through direct mjrketmg. sales promotion, 
merchandising and display 

Rapier .Services is the pnncipj) he low- the line companv in the Group. In 
addition to the .services outlined above, u provides photographic 
services and enables companies io demonstrate their products and services 
through exhibit ions, conferences, audio visual and video programmes. 
Below ihe line services are also provided by each of Charles Barker's 
regional companies. 

An analysis of Charles Barker's operating income by skill area over ibe paw 
three wears is ser out below; 

The first hundred years 

The business is believed to have been founded in 1812 « a joint venture 
between Charles Barker, then aged 21, and James Lawson who was (he Printer 
for The Times. Trading under (he aatoe of Lawson A Backet, the business 
soon nourished as ihe producer of a newsletter containing selected 
new ttetss from The Times, which was distributed to newspaper 
publishers around the country For ibe first rime, therefore, local 

Rapid Sendees 
Charles Barker Black ft Gross 
Charles Barker Manche-xer 
Charles Barker Scotland 
Charles Barker Mearns ft Gill 

Hum an R es o ur c es 
Charles Barker Recruitment 
Charles Barker Management 
Selection International 

Charles Barker Communications 
Charles Barker Manchester 
Charles Barker Scotland 



















P Tne 




: • i 



• Cai 




■ Bo 


;* i 
v Jhji 
' 1 

■ Phi 

.. t 

* Soi 




: ire 


; I 

! l 
Sp f 



g t 












he Giron hw a bowd business base with over 1.100 clients. 
In 1985 the inp SO diems accounted for 52 percent of ihe 
Group's operating income, with no one client representing 
mote than nine per cent 

An impomnt aspect of 'he Group's business is ths an increasing 
number of iu> clients are availing ihemselvo of the multi-skill service 
which Charles Barker offers. Some of the Group's clients are listed 

a wnt. 


re bt tore 



ihe -line 

Ahhcv Unit Truvn 






Air France 



Allied Imre 




American Eeprev. tur.ipr 



Bahanus. Tnurei Cilice 



Rmk Ctieque Card 















Brnhh tHeomi 


Bn mil 



CcTUOl OnuriM 
rt Tndr and Indusrv 


• ' 

A • 



' • 

CHvnt Ltmckm Ci-rpicjnim 



Clerical Medtcj land General 



Credit Miw First 


Crown Mire 




The EJtsmcirv Council 








Flshrr Price 













Ho« Its 













lotcmartniul Muhns 



Mm Lanp ' 






MSG . 



Mercedes Ben/ 


Nan mal Wesnaireter Bank 


NrvwKh UnHin A>*ei Mjiuprrnenl 



















Bitval DnulMn 




Rnial Ireurance 





Sharp Hlectromo fL'Kl 



Sptller- Fnod> 









ThixJe tfcnels 





The I'mvrrsnvAdieruslnKCoretxf'um 





os &in$ 


n the last two years, Charter Barker companies fuve won 
over 5i i awards, including: 

Editing for industry Awards 1986 
Heft internal newspaper '■ 

' . ‘..iiuhw.ont oj, four classes 


. 1985. Jdotd Awards J.SllrerAuards. . - . 

CAMHAIGN FR1LSS a , «ard : . V 
1986 l SihxrAu ard 


19*5 / Bronze Au-ard 

19*5 .i Silrer Awards 3Hronze Awards 

19m I tohvr All ard I Hronze Award 

19m i Hold Award 

19*5 Hhie Riband 


IVm 1 Hold Award 2 Bronze Awards 

r ' ince January 1985 all four of the Group'?, skill areas haw gained 
^ new business and have benefited from cross- referrals of new 
ky business. 

New clients in advertising Include “ Eleven. Thistle Hotels. Horizon 
HoHdiys and Norwich Union a»ct Management A major corporate 
campaign has also been launched tor General Moiorv 

1« public relations. Charles Barker companies have been appointed by 
Allied Ivons, Dehenhams, BET. Rank. Guinness and Plessevtoaci in 

Smith & Nephew; Barclays Bank and Texas Horn core have become new 
diems in human resources. 

BHow-the line services have curried out major assignments for Kodak. . 
Pkssey and Sharp Electronics as well as new direct marketing prefects 
for Air France and ihe Orient Express. 

f l 1 he executive management of the Group is struenwed on two 
M lewis. The overall strategy of the Group is determined by 

J- the Baird of the Company. Below it. the Board of Charles Barker 
Group Limited is responsible for the day-to-day operations of the Group. 

In addition, an Operations Committee meets weekly to review 
developments m each of the Group's four skill areas. There is also a 
Compensation Committee, responsible for the Group's remuneration and 
benefits policy, and an Acquisitions Committee, responsible for 
determining the Group's acquisition strategy. 

A central team ls responsible for Financial planning and controls, and 
provides financial, computer and administration services to the 
operadog companies. 

The Directors of the Company 

The Directors of the Company are as follows- 

Antony Snow, S3. Chairman. lOined Charles Barker in 1961 from. 

W. S.'Crawford. Over the next 16 years he became Chief Executive of 
Charles Barker Recruitment. Charles Barker City and Charles Barker Lyons. 
In I9"6 Antony Snow left Charles Barker to loin the Steuben Division 
of Coming Glass in the united stairs. As well as managing promotion and 
market planning for Steuben, he was part of the team responsible for 
the planning and building of the Coming Museum of Glass and was 
subsequently appointed Director of the Rockwell Museum on the 
history uf art and culture of the American West. He molded Charles Barker 
in 1983 as Group Chairman and Chief Executive. 

Stephen Gibbs. 56. Deputy Chairman, loined Charles Barker and became 
a Director of the Company in 1962. He was appointed Chief Executive 
of Charles Barker City upon the company's formation in 1968. a position 
he retained until isre. After holding various directorships within the Group, 
Stephen Gibbs became Group Deputy Chairman in 1983. He is also a 
non -executive Director of \bux Group. 

Paddy 5forray, '50,loiried Charles Barker in HT4. having previously 
worked for Lmtas and McCormick Richards and became a Director of 
the Company in 1981. He is Chairman and Chief Executive of Aver Barker 
and Rapier Services, and Managing Director of Charles Barker Group 

JobnPege, 53, Finance Director and Company Secretary, loined Charles 
Barker In 1982 as Group Director of Finance. He was previously 
Director of Finance for the J. Valter Thompson Group in the United 
Kingdom. John Rage is a chattered accountant and a member of the 
Council and the Finance Policy Group of the Institute of Practitioners in 

Wlbralsam, St, 52, became a non-executive Director 
in tuaiy 1986. He has been j Director of Schraders since 1969 and 

Brbnu0 ’“fcsfKWl Investment Trust and The 
Really Useful Group. 

JOB 'bngita, 58, was appointed a non executive Director in 1984 His 
S*T™**^ rB * r h ***R el y been in insurance broking in the United 
stales. He is also a Director of Hogg Robinson Group. 

Members of the Board of Charles Barker Group 

Members of rhe Board of Charles Barker Group Limned, in addition to die 
Directors of the Company, areas lollo*-* 

Tony Arrowxmiili. -K>. is Chief Executive of Charles Barker Black & Gross 
which he joined m 1972. He la a bo Chairman of Charles Barker 
Scotland and a Director of Charles Barker Manchester, and is responsible 
for Charles Barker's regional development. 

Simon Barrow, -*8. is Marketing Director. He is also Deputy Chairman of 
Ayer Barker. He joined Ayer Barker in 1 9^2, having previously worked 
at V. S. Crawford and Colgate Pulraollvr. 

Roddy Bmlthwoite, 53. ts. Chief Executive of Charles Barker’s human 
resources businesses. He loined In 19?3 from Interlink Advertising 
where he was Managing Director. He is also Chief Etreouive « Charles 
Barker VCuney A Rowell.' 

Angela Beylin, i2, is Chief Executive of Charles Barker Lyons She was 
previously a Director of F J. Lyons a PR consultancy acquired by 
Charles Barker in W6. She Is a vice Chairman of ihe Public Relations 
Consultants Association. 

Jerey Jordan. 5". is the representative of Ayer and m, jppoimedrn 1981. 
He is Managing Director of Aver with responsibility for finance and 

Keith Payne. +8. is Deputv Chairman of Charles Barker Ciiv He joined 
Charles Barker m 1968 from The Times where he was the fiisr tanking 
correspondent and a financial and economics journalist. 

Mk-Wa^i Prideanx. 35. is Chief Executive of Charles Barker City He 
Kilned Charles Barker in 19*5 rrom ihe Financial Times where be w* 
l K Advertisement Direoot 

Tim a uMwMw, MP, 53. is a Director of Ayer Barker and Charles Barker 
City and is Chairman of Charles Barker Manchester He joined Charles 
Barker in 1968 and previously worked for Ogi Ivy and Mather in New 'dxk 

for eight years He. is .ConservmireMPJaJaona.- ------ 

Trading record of NBI 

Charles Barker’s operational management 

Tub over 1 .l«l clients and the diversity of service requited by them, 
Charles Barker's business demands experienced and m-depth 
management. Each operating company is tun by its own Board of 
Directors, many of whom have been with the Group for more than 10 

A broad analysis hv activity of the people who work for Charles Barker is 
set out below : 



Public relation* 


Human resoutces 




Other suff. including finance and administration 



Some jnd of these individuals own shares in the Company. The total equity 
owned by them and by the trustees of the Group's pension fund 
represents some 30 per cent, of the Company's issued share capital prior 
to the Offer for Sale. A Group Share Scheme was introduced in 1983; 
ihtsw-3* followed, in 19R5. by a Group Executive Share Option Scheme, 
and shareholders have recently approved the introduction ofa Group 
Savings ReLned Share Option Scheme. 

A> pan of this continuing policy- of encouraging share ownership, 
arrangements have been made for preferential application forms to be made 
available to all employees in respect of a maximum of 502. T)8 ordinary 
•lures representing 10 per ceot. of the total ordinary shares being 
offered lor sale. 

The history and business of NET 

The business of NBI was established by David Norman in 1982 under the 
name of Norman Resources Limited. Previously the UK Managing - 
Director of Russell Reynolds Associates lnc„ David Norman was joined in 
1985 by three former colleagues. Miles Bcoadbent. Julian Sanity and 
James Henry- Bathurst, and together they founded NBI. 

Based in London, NBI is a leading executive search consultancy, 
specialising in the recruitment of chief executives and high-level 
management. NBI handled H3 assignments in 1965 for a wide vanray of 
diems, with some 53 per cent, of its business in financial sen-ices and some 
-j~ per cent, in industrial and commercial services. 

NBI's turnover has increased from £4 1 6,000 for the 14 months ended 31a 
March. 1985 to £3-3 million for the 12 months ended 31si December; 

1985. Trading profit for the comparable periods rose from £1X12)00 

to£l million. 

NBI's businessphilosophy is to provide to clients wftb the highest degree 
of professionalism in finding, evaluating and successfully recruiting; 
candidates for keymaoagemem positions. The directors of NBI estimate 
that some 80 percent, of NBI's assignments result from either 
recommendations or repeat business. 

In order to meet the demand from clients overseas, NBI has established a 
subsidiary in Hong Kong, an association with Rochford Williams & 
Associates Pry. Limited in Australia, and has entered into re fer ral 
arrangements with Nordeman Grimm, Inc. of the United Sates and 
Eurose-arch SA-R.l.. a continental European consultancy. NBI now has the 
ability- 10 conduct assignments in London, New York, Chicago, Hong 
Kong, Sydney. Brussels. Dusseldorf, Milan, Parts and Zurich. 

NBI's strategy is to develop its domestic business in the areas of high 
technology, manufacturing and Information systems and 10 exploit the 
potential offered by Its international links. 

The management of NBI - 

The executive director! of NBI are: 

David Nnraun, -1 5. Chairman^ _ ' 

Miles Broadhent. Vi, ManagingDircctor; 

Julian Nunty. 32: ... . 

James Hervey- Bat hurst. 36-, 

Richard BoggivRolfe. 36; 

Nicolas Crosdiwaite. 37s 
Sintra handers a I ; and 
Robert Hutton. 50. 

There are two non executive directors- John Heywood. 48, who is also a 
director of Clayhithe and Exco International; and Party Rogers, 62, 
who is Chairman of the institute of Directors. 

NBI has a «aff of 18 in London and 1 in Hong Kong. 

Charles Barker and NBI 

Charles Barker has agreed to acquire the issued share capita] of NBI. 
Completion of the acquisition is conditional upon the admission to the 
Official List of the issued ordinary share capUaJ of the Company 
The coul consideration for the issued 5 hare capital of NBI will be met by " 
the allotment of ordinary sbatesln the Company and will be calculated " ' - 
by applying a multiple of 11 to a weighted average of NBI's earnings in 
the three years ending 3 1st December, 1987. alter allocations to a borne pool 
for the directors and full-time employees of NBI and aher specified 
taxation rates. .. ... 

The mitial.consideratioo of £3-16 million will be satisfied by the allotment 
of 2.108.540 ordinary- shares at the Offer for Sale price, of which 
1.216,-20 will be offered to the public as pan of the Offer for Sale. Deferred 
cooMderaaon is to be satisfied on the fust and second anniversaries of 
completion by the allotment of ordinary shares in the Company at a price 
to be determined by reference to the average of the middle-market 
quotations for such shares as derived from The Srock Exchange Daily 
Official List for the five business days Immediately preceding the 
relevant allotment date. Deoils of the deferred consideration payments 
and bonus allocations will be disclosed in the Company's Report and Accounts 
for the relevant years. Since the aggregate consideration payable a 
dependent upon the results of NB] for the three years ending 3 1st 
December. 19fP, the number of ordinary shares to be aJ lotted in respect 
of the deferred consideration cannot be predetermined. 

For illustrative purposes only, if NBI were to make profits before taxation 
ai a rare of £1 million in each of the two years ending 31« December. 

1987 (the same as those earned In the year to 31st December; 1985), the 
further consideration payable would amount to £3-39 million. A pro forma 
combined profit and loss account of Charles Barker and NBI for the year 
ended 3>si December. 1985 and a pro forma suretnenr of net assets » that 
date are set out, for illustrative purposes only, after the Accountants' 


The Dtreaore believe that the acquisition of NBI will enhance the range 
of businesses within the Group It is intended that NBI should operate 
as an autonomous entity 

Fun her details of the agreement for die acquisition of NBI are set out in 
paragraph 8 of "statutory and General Information". 


leading record of Charles Barker 

Hurt ended 3 1st December 



1983 1984 




£'000 £'000 





99.500' 123,200 





604^0 74.726 


Hading profit 



1.192 2,020 


Profit before taxation 



1.192 1416 

2.6 1 6 

Profit after taxation 



. 506 7-*8 


Pro R is have increased each year through growth In turnover and unproved 
margins profit before taxation in 198* was adversely affected by a claim, 
«uice settled, the net cost of^ which amounted to in 04 ,000 The full trading 
record of Charles Barker isset nut hi the Accountants'. Report 

H month* 

year ended 




3ia March 

31st December 


1984 1985 



£ 000 £D0O 




1J3T 2542 


lading profit 


327 7G0 

. 738 

PronriwdtwtfekxddbtroaiaxaaoB » pm «x»r *«««■«■! 

reob^»artem*ii*6^^88>ep^ fcw iiMfrai J > jra. S^»ffowN«it 
calaMad tana a*** 

The full hading record of NBI is set out in die Accountants' Report. 

The pro forma profit and lo*i account of NBI for the year ended 31s _ . 
Decembe r, 1985 shows turnover of £3321,000, adjusted profit before 
taxation of £1,009,000 and adjusted profit after taxation of £546,000. 

Pro forma combined profit and loss accotmtof 
Charles Barker and NBI 

jM wia fabtow • taw*» CMivneitM* «w MHpmmi or 

amaua i tkra d ro w l in ntau i f w i n xfrrtrfl M m u * 

Mfewuc anting oh im whriafcon of ft* npMOV not mmoMM in ororaufr , 
■ u b a dnnro w u a o h »M i Itwrw^i 1 — w . Snua i y Jfi i nraTU arttiweawahA 
fra** by UK Mqww ■* dMKw«l*RX0l «■ PTOfe I 

EL Tbefiioap 

Id pvt A atm*. 

p — ■wBiy—rt p¥dhi«M*fcincaa «f 

TODotvacittairoproftvwio OT ac s aj n areinDQmmtorBwtee j — iiUKiai g 
DacMfcat 3985 ara sat - — --. 


Yeae ended 
31st December 





Profit before taxation 


Profit after taxation 

• lJM *. 

The detailed pro forma combined profir and loss accounr for the year ended 
51 m December, 1985. together with a pro forma statement of net assets at 
that date, are set out after the Accountants' Report. 

Dividend forecast 

The ordinary shares now being offered for sale will rank jo foil for all 
dividends hereafter declared, made or paid. In the abs ence o f unforeseen 
circumstances, the Directors expect 10 recommend the payment of 
dividends of not less than 3p per share ti-23p mcluswe of ibe related tax 
credit) to respect of the year ending 3 la December. 1986. This represents 
a gross dividend yield of IS. per cent on the Offer for Sale price of I50p, 

It Is intended that interim dividends wiU be paid in November and final 
dividends in May in the proportion of approximately one-third and 
two thirds, with the first interim dividend payable in November 1986. 


*m*BdmfSntOeumr - 

mm- *»' iw^iib 

rooo rooo rooo ron ..non 

BBtega -- 

— ■ as® sun 9gJoo tasanuot 


1 40464 48.08 74,728 79.738 

Coat ot rates 

30.473 38423 4&8B1 3BA80 S9.0» 

Operating moons 

10.491 12703 74489 18288 20448 

Adminrttmkrt exoanns 

2 10.103 11409 <3483 «288 1 aj®, 

♦ < 

Operawg proto 


794 . 1,108 


■ 2447 • 

Other opareltag toeOM. 


58 — 


faterew nofinratte and water 




113 1« 



amreerpajabteteto abator 

chargaa ' 



m na 





t«» -m. 



DteSng profit 

" S3& 

' 887 1.192 ” 






• — . 

Profit on owfinaty actMMaa before 


taxation ' 



■ iB7 




9 ■ 


S58 888 



Prom on ordinary actettoxsaar 


- 310 

398 508 

- W8 




T 22 

47 850 


191 _ 

Ratamad profit for year 



25B 858 



Emrtngs par share 



1.7S 28p 



of dm Qnp at 3tst OhmW am m out Mo*» 

2 ~f he Directora beBeve thara listing for the Company's shares 

represents a nanna I progression hi the development of the Group 
and will enhance the Group’s sanding to the eyes of cheats 
and competitors. In addition, a listing will enable the existioginstirutkmal 
shareholders of the Company, which currently own some 58 per cent of 
the Company's share capital, to realise pan of their invest me nt. A listing Is 
alsoluiessential factor jo the Group’s continuing expansion since it will . _ . 
provide access id the capital markets and allow greater flexfoiUty for making 

The number of ordinary shares being offered for rale- is 5.027,085 
representing 25 percent, of the Gompanys issued share capital after the 
acquisition of NBI. 

Y Tnlike many of its competitors, Charles Barker is able to thaw on a 
/ / combination of strengths: the experience and the in-depth 
Ly manag emen t needed topcxrvide a mu hi -skill service; the ability to 
maintain eoastsremly higb standards of creativity and to win new business; 
an outstanding client list; a record of comistem growth in bilUags and («£is; 
and wide employee share ownership. 

The Directors believe that Charles Barker's established position in the 
growing markets of advertising, public relations, human resources and 
below-che line services, allied with iis^ wide combination of stxen^lis. will 
enable the Group to maintain its sound growth record in the foreseeable 
future. - . - - - • • 

The acquisition of NBI span of the Group’s oonnnuing strategy to expand 
ics existing businesses, both in the United Kingdom and overseas. Hie' 
Directors believe Sh» NBI is well placed to continue to grow and to develop 
its domestic and international operations. 

There is no present intention to make any further acquisitions but the 
Directors will consider oppo mm l n es as they anse. 

Noma tarn tsb? usa w rots 

Eon nao - rooo food edoo 

«- 50S 

1 8.-..T8.: 


.. 8 





sn 5 IS . 854. 




Cash at bank and m hand 

— M2 <72 » 

14 Srttt) HUBS 14809 

19*0 871 103 









W ABB 1&31T 

15 8523 MLT22 r3Ml 





USB 1.488 1370 2XB2 2560 

1478 2jD01 2424 Z9S2 4j031 

454 02 229 298 259 

• a 2 ' 2 2 

1.718 UBT ■ 2485 2482 3.770 

npinf anrf rimai 

C a f a tf im share Cti*d 

PiqBt and teas ac c o ixit 

17 450 «D 490 ISO 450 

H- 192 182 M2 192 191 

n \m 1.196 1481 2420 3.128 

1T» 1437 2493 2882 3.770 

anti appficaDon or foods of ma Bap for Ha 

7987 AM? 1983 ISM TSSS 

rooo rooo rooe rooo rooo 

Soem of famdi 
Profit on cxtSoaryaciMHaa 
rqwnmt tarHama not 

The lottMflng ia a copy ot a napmt to the Oractors and the Directors SehroiJara.. . 
received from ths AirOtore and Reporting Accountants, Btndar Kani^o, Chanaretf 
Aocaa iwi t s . _• r ;. . .. : 

Thabracicn.' : ’ fl St Bride StreaL 

ChartasBadmmc, : : -London £C4A4DA^ 

30 Fnringdon Street 
London EC4A4EA. 


J. Hwiry Schroder Wftgg » CO. UmMd. 

120 Cteiapeide. 

London EC2V6DS. Mtb May; 1988. 


Cnarlee Barker Pic flha ftvnpanjTJ was incorporated on 27Mi August 1982 wider 
the name or DrwMfCo (No. 431} Limited. Fofio w to g a change of name on 30di 
Decaeiber. 1962 the Company hatter changed esnarea to Chades 8arfgarGnwp 
Lmead on 1 * Uarcn. 1983 and on 2Sth Apri. 1986 was iwrasptarad as Chertes Sartor 
PLC, a pWBc Ibnltsd company; 

ftmng December 1982 and Jarwary 1983. the Company aequkad the entire atm 
capkaiof thethen hoUng compso^oMhe group rHoUngT) in what was sBacMMy a 
reconsmjcaorbrthe>oi^ As pari of ihw reconstruction, a 50 par om-kweroaMN _ 
■i^wrBaifcarHa g Bip an n Wa ma MoreBB-tf pABWTwaasolilByHoMtigstoiha 
ottiar tiiarahoidK H. WL ^ar l Son, inesporaM. and Aa Company acqrirad *op catfr 
the 121 par cent siurehcWng in HokSngiowfwO by ABHI. A further 114 par cent 
of Hotiwgs ios acquired tor c as ivan a the conmOor aB on for the rer wh Sno 78B per 
cere.- or Hotdngs wesdw aPoorere or pre f erred ortiinery stares o a d o w fi nsr y stale - - 
of the Oompeny The reconstruction hea bean aooouttsd tar ae a mergsc Tbroughout 
tm repon we refar 0 the Oompany and Rs subekflarlaa. re HoiAigs and Us 

suosidianes. as acpropnatyi. as The Grovp". 

On 10th April, 1966 the Gonpwiy eatared into an agraamant to acqtare the anBre dare 
capKel of Norman Broecftem kwnftionel Unwed (ten. conrtUoml upon Ittng. 
tBI was incorporated on 15th January 1962 as GmdaMLsrtted. beonsnsnoad 
tretOng on 3rd Fetvuwy 1 982 Bid diangsd Its name to Norman Resooroes Unwed on 
6th Mamh. 1962 It than ctwnged Its nsrna to t» on 27A July; 1963. As NB « a 
mwwttl acryiiaitlon by tie Comssny and has operated under its own rnsnagemere. 
we have set out septfataiyh part Col tNa report tha tkunctal tiknnattan on NBt for . 
the penoos to 31st OacambK 1985. 

Vto have exanSnsd the nucltad Dmnolsi stttemente ol tfw comparts* maktag up ths 
Graito fbr tna Art years ctwared by tfua report Wb have also exambiad the auAad 
fawnoiai statements ol NH tor iha period bom Incorporation to 31 at Dsosoium; t968u 
vm nave acted as auditors of me OK companies tn the Group lor ihe five years to 31 at 
Oeombac 1985. except fer those companies set out to note 22 in pan Bot Me report. ' 
The financial statements ot N8I have been audbed throughout to e period by Macnar- 
Maaon, Chartered Accountants. 

The hnsnctelsi ru r iirtfl on sat out to parts AB arete bf.tfta report bbrasd on Iha 
eucStocS financial statements cf 9w companies making im the Group end ol NBI 
respecUveiy. after natong such scfo etroeni s as we constier a p p ro p r iate . The main 
adjustments lor the 0 k»o ware mads ta order to present ths financial Momwtfon 
as rl me reconstnjcdon of Sw Groiaj In January lB8S, 0eecnbedst«»rt, had taken, 
piece prior to the beginning at tha period oovared by this report 
No rtxmsd finsncrti eWamems el tha Gretmor-MBI bare been made op In respect of 
any period subsequent to SlstOecvmber, 1886 . 

Or work has been carried out in accorda n ce with the AixSSng Guideline: Roepectusse 
and the Reporting Accountant. 

hi our opuiion. tha Hnsncial Mormadon set out in parts A B and C bekm wMcb has 
been prepared under iha hwmreml cost convention, gives a true and tao view ol nw 
state of sttes as er the dates stateo wid of me prom end source and appficaaon ot 
funds tor the periods stated of the Group mid NBI raapaedvaty. 

A. Accounting Poficie* 

The praoipei accounting paPcies whleb have bean coneMsedy eptAed in preparing the 
finanoel mtomrtdon on the Qroup and NB set out below are as tofloyn: 

AOXWlttlQ hull 

The ccraAdatod BnancW WormaUon has been preparacfiflidar the hworicat coa 

The oorwolldB M d wwncW WannaBon Is based on the Bn ancM sta teme n t s of die 
Company and al Its sotedartas made up toSiet Daosmbar each yeac For 1981 and 
1982 the ewwoWated tbmncwi totormstkin is based on im Bnendal st e te m ont s of 
HofeSDgssidaintssitoeidiarieaetjkistsdtorefiBcrtherecawtnKdoninJaiuary 1983. - 
No share premium accoiM was created an tbestsre exchanges involved h the . 
noonstrucaort as rehatwas taken utnterS37Campertee Ael 1981 . The reconstruaian 

538 887 1.192 1JH8 2418 

73 107 130 228 259 

— 80 

- " 'I W m «»r ffl~ 

«r«M 14 84 Z95T 

Saeof tangbla asaeta 
SMe of subsidtiry 

Udksad wtowi tta bebbtosa: 

fttrtfiBs e of tangfcla as sets 

fhachaMOl kwestmsnt 




«] In weridoe capital 

Vtbrti'to progress : 

Creditors (exokidbig. c orporatoi tax, 
dsadands and bank oee r t kal Q 

tnr tbasa /f ds c iaassl Innmljatddliwds 

1. 'fianoMr by gai^papMcti area 


•" 78 

' -.7 

- 181 





IA* 7 




• 461 


















- 549 














. (90S) (t 75S> (4344) 














0751 (1,7951 





' 861 

Wmrn id mJ BistOoemntmr 











Urttad Kingdom 
Other countries 

■ 4X77 









. - . - ; 





2 Admfitotrattrt mqi—'se 



Admmtr alive expenses comprise: 






wages end saiariee 









- ioxs6‘ 







Average number of eoqjioyeas 






GoodwflL representing the dmorancabatwean the purehawprioa and the Ur vafiaal 

me separable net assets of suCMday oonpartas acquired and aocounted tor as 
aoqutsrtons. has been written off or. where negetha, uudieu to reserves si trie date 
of acqunbon. 

The reacts of subekSonea acsMred am incktiad ftom the data ol thafer aoquWtan. 

2 O tter nper earn Incests 

Ottiar OmniMfi^ Inmma rrumpHemm o p—*! untlf trim thn tuTl lefllllQ Ol UlllLa I 


Ikjeasrest payeMe and aUar ehargee 

w*i i a^PByabieandahnflarcliBiB*saitoaonbsittbonqwtnB s wwo8vwoairttaniiitBiln 

9. Fmp l ey e a B ti rt e kch ea w 

fg “!?■ *«■ Cmspeny end perttetoateo mAwktoWs " 

BBeigs represent the egyagsta ol com i rt esions tile edvart is lpg which te bictodad at 

Biwjlce vaiuaa charged to efeene plus fees charged to cSents which are teckidad at 
ervooe vahra muRqried by B In accordance with Via precooa wdely edopiad in tha 
adsantsteg industry Both amounts exclude value added tax. 

srtnng ttmfronv. This Aim was contested ana flnsBv seoteca n fiii^iri^nfwT^ 
WSbQM <ttnlSttroolMmaBt|LtoirB«a6LfiOtLtedBiMiiBimeSS"^^S!!^£J!S£l 

' n,)t _ ti B wn mated ei aw profit and loss accoum M attar 
*** oonaammntai charge to the * ***" 

tt ttott on oidtearyactMiias before tareflon 

stated attar charging or (creridng): 

Tha pmtt an oidbiBy atdMltea before tnanon te 

’Banew rapraaama the tDMl enmuRfs bwolcad to efitres, axcMteg vrtua added 

tax, in respect of fees; madia and production mrges. 

UaaaboM btefett^s are dsprectetsd over me Bvas or tha tees®. RatwbteMng costs 
inefcjding FaeaehoU improvements are wrktan ott in tta year In which the amanttbaa 
aimjrrad. - 

Other categorieaof-tBngtote-txad-Bsssts-sradspradBtBd «srtfteb«p*tiad useful 
ton at tna loaowtig aonuat raas. baaed an cool Mffttntto reduce them to their 
residual votes: - - _ 

PrectcW amotoneraa 
CornpeiaiaBon and an gabe pay m en ts 


tension s n nmca mteiti to 

***! 7982 IMS 1984 1985 

Evoo rooo rooo rooo rooo 



Furmture and Kings 






Motor vortCteS 



O s p re eM ow 

tewiriofi against urite&d kmasmem 


4u*tere' "munaretten 

9. TtaafloeonproOt 

Tha Kafion Ghvga. wrach te baaed < 

Charges on finansa ski operating teases are written off to 8w pm8l and ion pcscjutf 

evenly throughout ms period olltto teasB. 

Werit in pre^asa 

Wfara m progress, which b stated at the towar of cost and net msaaoua vteka, 
represents tha cost ol (nxkicdon woric uppsed tan ow^da the Gmm on bahrtf of 

(«ents and awteeng DMng to eflanta at tha yaaranAin ctotti minor cases h kuudas 
charguM Dnv conof stsfL ^ _ . .. _ 




Deterred tax 




















... 343 _3M 

— 396_ 











tas ' 

ttto imiAs tor tttoli y«ae Cftotoriaas 

%8r tented aiK OecsiBber 



• 7984 









' 637 


1 x 1 a 












— ~~ _ 





TO. ~ -Minim 

Z"? "T*- “***■* *or to apiBMB ottrw2Sp shew m»5p slims in 1985: 
<** P * «*■» 0" &0B0J00 preferred ontaaiy tM of ta. 

SSBJSS?!B& , KSSV *“!“ ?’*> -■ 

18M jj£^*^«w^«M».ooop^^ 

1985 gj^^^^^lw^^onWWIUXIOpfMhnKJqri^ahMsof*- 

11L £mtappHrim 

TJ»«fW«fioii of earrings per sham Is based antne- profits aftwtaxaton andon 
ti IknsUe feted aaaota • - 

31 st March 

















At 31st December, T989: '• •'; 


rooo cooo 

2^90 IMS 

— 97- a* 

2587 •• -ISIS 




Ai37»t DBcemoer, 1385: 

Un*»*od tnvcsBnonts at coat 
Less: prpyawn . 

IW book vatte ana awtei' valuation 

con^jowi T3 par cam. of Oartes Barfcar GmoH. vvcMpocasacl At 
Gwnany, ana 33 par at of Route <21 Corporation. mcorporatad in toeU&A. 

54. Oabtoia 

At 3ljn Dtmmba; 1985; . : - ~ ■ -T— ■ - '- cttpe 

Thrdadatrfor* : .. - -17JHD 

Otner aeotors _ .. S 

fc*tM toan H f 8iiianiii w c a fe ye ar - 55 

Prepayments and accrued btooma ; -, - •. a«: 

IS. Creators (amounts tafeng dua wtatta ana year) 

At 37» Decamber. 1985: 

Tiadecreotas • 

Other creditors 
Capor aim n tax 
Other taxes and spool security 

ActTuais and OBtarrad fexxme 
Proposed dnectend 

16- ftovrstans far KafaJBitea ne d cfagges 

Dp*»TBd tax provisions and the ful potential fesMrty at 3ts! Oeaembec; 1985, c5o 
are as fotawg. 

^atfenoed capital aflcwancesat a rata of tax of 35% ' ' ! g» 

IT. Caiad up there capital • 

TteOiThbnsea shanfcajital ai Oeravbw, 1B85 was: ~ COCO 

6400400 pre fer red owtnary st ar e s ol Sp each -308* 

6.000.000 ordinary shares of Speech 300 

The afcmed ana fafly paid ahare capaal at 31« December. 1985 was 
G.000.000 preferred ordinary shares of Sp each 
3.000.000 ordinary shares of Sp each 

Fdr changes m the share capital since 6>a> Oecvnbec 1085 see note 21. 
in January 1686 the Company estabbehed an exeeubue sham option scheme under 
wtsea m September 1966, options were {panted to sUwcnbe tor Sp tvdmvy shares at 
a pme ot C1S6 each. At 3in Oecembec 1985 there aiete opoons outstacding in 

respect of 92400 ordinary sterna. - - ■ - — 

18. Share premium aceeutt . . 

3*8.750 otonary shares ol26p each ware aflotted at 80p each. 

1 BL ~TWdBI antflbaa afccouHt —7 7 — ■ 

."*"" ' 1*ar ended 3lstO>cembBr -. * 

1981 1982 I8»--. 7884 1985- 

; • • COOO ET000 COOO • C00Q • cooo 

Balance at stan of year “"930 1474 1.195 1A51 

Retamad profit ta year 88 255 256 589 1.108 

GoodwCcrsdlVt wntmn oft) 58 (134) — _ — 

Balance at end of year 

The balance sheets ot MS ara set out below. 

Weed m a ts 

langcse assets 

Currant «mii 

Cash at bank and to hand 

CmBan ff n amiatt utfie 
retain one year) 

lass current 

Provi si o ns for UMBtfes and 

Capital and raaanms 
Cased up share capital 
Snare premum sccom 
Profit and loss account 

Statement* of serees sett sppfieofen el tatda 

The statements of source and appocaoon ol lunds ol NBI ter the periods ended 
3i at December, 1985. ate set out below: . - - „ . 

. . ;* 1 .• 74 months ■ • • 9 months 

andsd * bar ended . ended3f*f 
‘ . SIB March ‘ 31 Jt March December 

1983 1984 1985 1985 

rooo rooo rooo rooo 

Source ot lands . 

Refit on ordmuy activities baton 

taxation 25 1 36 256 1 03 

Adjustment for items not mvotang the 
flow ol hands: 

Depreciation 3 12 37 38 

Lass an sale of bad assets ' — 1 I — 

Issue of shares 

Snare premoxn on issue of Shares 
Proceeds from sale ot fixed itneu 











_ 238 


»aar— i 


14. Share promtaa aecoum 

The snare oremum account arose as a restfr of taaosue o* 3.168 oranary shares 
pf El each on 1st August. 19B4 at a prereun of £1 55 per Share and at 3 J24 ortkrvy 
srwes of £7 each on 23 ra Decampec 1965 at a pmaim or £5.41 per share. 

15- Praia and loss acoerett 

14 norths 9 norths 

era act tbergnaea ended 31 a 

St SI March 31 a Barth December 

1SS3 1934 1985 7985 

rooa rooo rooo co oo 

Balance at sen of perm — -14 78 208 

Caprtateation of reserves, applied « 
payment ol 11400 ordinary snares 

rtCteaeh — (H) — — 

n et aino d profit for penoa 74 75 ' 130 30 

Balance at enffofpgad . .^^^4 .. 

N8J Ms not pu any Sn»dands m the parse. 

IB. Conongaw BaBMtles aad fhiaadal c uuuuHuuwta 

W Leases 

At 31 si December. 7985 NEi hed the resowing net oofagebons Finance 

under fmanco leases. leases 


PaysUB aattwr. 

At 3i st DacamOer. 7S85 nbi nad corrnnsnera to make payments 

dunnq the next tear uncer operaung leases as fcucen 

Oparaeng leases wracfl expue «flwu 

1 y tar 

2-5 years 

Ow 5 years - 

<bl ftasaw ujiTju tii nw es 

NBI operares a schema eesignad to cover aS the azasmive d e dt w and longar-sanrtng 
amployeas Cvrareons to aw schema, vouch ara charged agsmu orates, are 
based upon aeuanai adnoa. 

tc) At 31st Oaoamber, 1985 NBI lad contrassed to purchase a motor vehicle lor 212.000. 
17. ffl gntfi ca nf po st bal a n ce sheet events 

ta) On 14th March. 1986 me issued snare capes’ of NBI was increased to 67.154 
ortfcnary shares of El each by me owe of 672 shares lor cash at a premium ol 
£3£17 per share. 

01 Norman Broadbam (Hong Kongj Unwed commenced trading in Apnl 1986. 

Naurs tarthtuOy. 

Chartered Ac co u ntant s 


wremreu num uwa nv iuyvrw , 'gevr; 

SiatemsiH M #e£ 'AtMts; > ^ ' 1 

1.074 1.195 1451 2.020 3.128 

2a condnoam lahSliaaMd finaacw caoMritaanta 


At 3ist DacamOar. 1985-tha Ofoup had thofoOcming not oHgauans 
under finance lasses: ' 

Payable wrtfmrT . ~ ' ,~y •. 

1 year 
2-5 years 

Over 5 years- — — >'«■< .-«».■*«.■ 

• • -426 

t . i «2 

... -3 

At 3ist Dacamaar. 1965 the Group hadoomrrwments to make payjnent* , Ptcporty 
dwmg me new year under opereang Weses re talons: „ •renal. 

Operatsig taasaa wtich expae wahbi: 


2-5 years 

Orer 5 years 

0) Pension comraanants 

The Group operetta schemes covering the majority of He ampIqypasJnctaJmg dw 
executive drectors. The schemas are atMrssttred adher tfirough eepenm 
trusme-adnshratorod funds or through aiuVnsurad pension scheme- ContntJUKitt 
io maaa fands. v4»ch am changed agawst tsuBts. jib Uhbbu u p on a c ni afafHtttice 
Wfawmg the moaf recant vafaaflon at mesa fands. 

Tnreauahalvaiosfcbri earned oorln 1985 inbeatnd that the schemas were adequately 

funded. _• 

TU O tg rUeent pwt bahwdai ih a it u »wi u~ 

(a) Ai an estraoromary general meeting on I2dt Ua»T 988 8w 6,000.000 preferred 
ordinary shares o<3e eadi were coaverted Into ordinary shares of 5p each. In 
comdsretnn far mis conversion the Company pam a speoal dnndand ol 3L5p per 
share on the fseferred onfinary shares on 12th May. 1966, costing £210.000. 

Al dia same a smmflma ty general meett^ tha Company capeafired the whola of 
to share pramhan account and £258.188 of Its (sofll end fare account and atonad. 
ereamd as Mly paid. SjaoouQOO aaw oedtaary iftaraa ol 5p each tons axobng 

(bi On ioth Aprs. 1986 the Company erearad mto an agreement. cowtt8ow a liB«n' 
fistmg, to acquire the whottot the issued share captoiollSHor an atoai 
considsrBfion ol £3,182500 which Is to to ssasilad by the afiotmam d 2.108340 
oranary stares of 5p each in tlw Company. 

Further consdaratlon is payable to the vendors of NBI and w* be cakasated by 
apptymgamiApieoni to i we i g h ted average ol NBfa eamsigs try me three years 
endmg 31M OacemMh-1987-altBr atoadtow to a t»re«s pool fer-th»3v»ctorsand 
fUMane employees off® .and after specified taxation reres. For muBtratwe 
purposes only, if NBI we to rake profia on oranary acmwias before taxafion at 

8 rare of ?1/WQ/ each Qfjhe t»93WLeoi«LSl»Ll^^ 

further consideration payable would amount to £3^91.700 to be satisfied by the 
afloowmt ol ofdmary shares Ol 5p each o the Company 

22. A"r*T«« srif nfinliieiias_ . 

vte have acted as audbore ot aWha UK compamas in Iha Group lor the Ova years 

to 3i« December, 1985 accept as sat ot< baiour • - 

SuasxJtary • * • ' ’* ' FnanoafoentidB ' fiu&ots ' 

Rapoon foveontaita (jmlttd and as -toarewttd - BuzzaoMt&Co. 

Biosxfianes 3Jsi December, 1981 

Charles Bartrec Black & Gross umnsd and Three years ended ttbnhantMqor 
Cnstes Bahrer tAancnester ijnMsd 3tst Oecembec 1983 
Charles Barkw Scotland Umaad Three years ended Soon 6 RMBtSon 

3lst December; 1983 

Ch&ftos Barter. Meame&GaPuPfcc Fwe years enaiid Scott & Paterson 

Raianons Lsmted 37s» Decnmbot, 1985 

■ppacaden of tarda ■' 

Utrksad wuncvtoabnswvHs: 
Puchase of tangtoe asset 
Pwchtoe of mvastmant 

Withdrawn bom busMas: 


Pecrea s e flln c reew) lo woefaag captol 

tncrea— In net Bqufcf tards 


1. tanover b y pao^aytacat arse 

. U motes 

• " . ended 

31st Man* 

■■■!■■■■ gooo 

United Kingdom 379 

Other eouitnes 37 

2. totaMMradinatrrm iM 

Adnv r r stiatt re expenses compri se : 
Satanaa and panaona 

intasmiscaatttsaiaBtpnttBTttreriiwwttnsdfifaaBtt.' * ; *7* *• 

4 . Dirac b !^%fldBe|ttf itanaNraita .'.V * . 
the axetiu^~direca3re recawa d bonus payments and payments to fralf panaonfaxids 
at s*jn(ftcer% tagher levels then under (he arrangements which vnl mast (odbwvig the . 

ncc»ctoBr^ NO^ me Company, ~ ' 

14 months ■ Smooths 

9 months 

fear ended ' emedSlk 
31st March December 
1984 -1988 -1985 

cooo rooo' gooo 

1237 2324 2^36 

— 218 299 

Pretense combined piste end teas account 

The unautnadpro fcnna_comaried oro»n and *oss account when Is branded for . 
Jtustmrvrpurpo&to wily « based on me auoited coreoicarad proht arid toss account 
ol the Group and me pro torma profit ana lose account ot NBI (or the year ended 
3la December.- 19B6-7he-prt> fomu protend loss account of NBI lor th e year-ended 
Si m December. 1985 e bssac on me awated profit and loss account o« NBI for the 
mne montm endas 3ist Dccamber. 1985 together wah the ream ol NBI tonhe mee 
months ended 3 1st March. 1986 based on avsreoto managemant ■niormsuon. 

The pro forma combined profit ana loss account has been acfiusted to reflect the 
proposed acqusfflon of NBI or. the terms set out m bus document 

Notes The NBI Combrneo 
Group pm forms pro tame 

E 000 £ 090 COOO 

BBfiags 1 136.600 22.140 158.740 

2.447 - 927 

336 62 

(3D - 

(138) • _.*- 

Operemg ncome 

A d m mca tnre expanses 

Opening profit - 
meerea reoBMBbtt 
Interest payable 

Employee share sebeane ; • 

Profit on ord ln etY eedvittes before 
taxation 2 

Taxation 3 

Profit on ohfioaiy aefiv i baa after 

Eanfings per share 

— base 

— fukyp&nad 



' 3.625 







9.1 Bp 



31st March 

'bar ended 
3lst March 

ended 31 sr 









Total tflreciom'.reniuneranon charged 

In the flnsncttJ sotofnontt 





Amounts payable undor Mm 





DNctar*’ additional ranwierabcn 


5. Prate on onlnery aaMties before taxation 

The profit on oranary aowibea before tsxabon Is sawd after rfmryng: 

14 months 

ended ■ Itarendatf 

31st March - 31st March 

Deprecation • 
Audbore‘ rerts m etedoa 
Eqripmantlxre ' ~ 

9 months 
ended 31si 



' 1985 

’ 1985 


• rooo 



T 3 

. . 12 

37 . 










6. Ibxaiino 

The taxaccn charge. wfXcl* « I 

UK corpofapantax: 

Cm rent 

AcfiusBnam reistmg to prevnus 
perioas ' * 

J on the resiitB tor each parted, comprises 

14 months 9 months 

ended 'bar ended ended3ist 

SIB Match 31st March Oecember 




















- Kfr 


SooH & Peterson 

23. AnatdysaaitheeMactaliMaotexsWinandsaleofsubexfiarieeanttttstattmant 

m source and apoieahpn of fahOBQl the Group was taimre: 

ffldi 198? 

• cooo gooo 

T*ng**is*^ ~~ Ij' 

Hore m progress - . -. 5 

Oebtcrs . , 41D - 

Casn at bar* and at hand . TT ■ 

Creddors . J®?’! 12881 

Taxation • " fllj ” 

Bar* overdrsB 4175 

Deterred tax . *12 "e 

Mmonrv interest ’ J2 

(at> * — w 

Net cash cost ; 461 _ . 92 


Tta accountmg pofioes adopted w preperiig Bile financial intermeSon are : 

wt part a atxiva. 

Profit and teas Hem* — - ■ -■ - - 

The profit and toss accounts of NBI tor the periods ended 31 st Paoember, 

QWMBV. — ■ — — 

14 monOn .... ■ 

enamd * " 'bar ended 

SIBMatch 31st March 

nom isas ... 1984 . .y._vm 

* . T£~Q00 £ 000 COOO , 

^—~Z .-416 V237 

r 0 0 ^— 2 .311 -921 - 1435 


Admwstiattve expenaeB 

Ooerawng profit 
tnarast recervaete 

Trading profit 
threcKA- eoommal 

Prof* on onSnary aebyrhes 

Delete taxation 

Retained arofit 

9 months 
. 198S . 
£•000 . 

Tim caiaiMon ofeanvngs per ehtre tt based on tee prates for each penoa star 
taxation anddnCT. 154 shares, being the number of ordinary shares xi assue immediately 
prior «> ttreOfief lor Sala. 

8. -tengtoa fixed assais • 

Motor Office 

venriesectJBmmtt Computer ibtaf 

At 31St Decembar. 1965 £000 COOO TOPO COOO 

Cbm 85 125 22 232 

Aggregate deprecation ?S *2 12 dZ 

Naibot* value 57 83 10 ISO 

Ai 31st Oecamber, 1985- 
tevestmem msubexfiary 
Shares «n related caopany 

NBI rwidsrih* whole Ol the issued share capaal ol Norman Broadbeni (Hong Kong) 
Lanmd. compnsmgiOO ordinary shaiee ol NK$1 each. AiGIst DecerKiK 1985 tea - 
con^eny had nor commenced vattng and iharefore consotttetad accounts have not 
b a o o pre pared: ... 

NBI holds 50 par centred ttaiscuad share capital ol Nadaman Grimm Noonan 
Broadbont Intemseonal unvted. a company incatparaiad m Bannuda. being &000 
shares out of a total ot 12400 ordnaiy shares ol SI aecn. These shares are cafsd as 
to 41.68 percent (S2400) of mair rximnai value. The directors of nbi value ihea 
snares at cost tne company has not rated once moarpexaben. Noroeroan Grunm. 
he. of the USA holds the remaining 50 per cent. o| tee issued share capitaL 
TOi oabtere ' 

At31s»Decambar, 1965- C000 

Tradadebtore 467 

Called up snare capndnM paid 10 

Prepayments and accrued mcoma *5 

11. CradBera {amounts tsttng due wllhln oaeyaeQ 

At 31st Decsmpec 1965: 

Trade credaore - .. ... 

Coroorafion tax -‘ - 

Other axes and social aeartjr 

12 . RpvisteaaterfiaafiMaaawdcIttfgea 

Deferred nx prtwistona and the hat paternal iabtoy * 

31M Oecember. 1985 ara as tabus: 

A ea a terett d capaal aSa wancax at a rate ol tax ol 39» 

iq C » a »d up Share cepHM 

The autnoreac snare capital al 31tt Deeembm; 1985 wfis.-^ 
100.000 oranary of £1 recti 

The flapped and fady paid share capital at 3ist December. 1985 was 
56^82 oTOviafy shares of Cl each ' 

1. NBl's fee income has been muftpued by 6% to comply wtth the pofleyofthe Gratia 

2. The profit before taxation of NBI has been adjusted to reflect the amount which 
would have been attributable lo the Company m accordance with the arrangements 
which w4 apply foHowng the aegusmon and winch are se» out m paragraph 8 of 
■Statutory and General Information'. The N&J dr actors' additional remuneratan has 
therefore been aamvmad. 

3 : The NRi -charge lor taxawo has been re-calciJated besed on a rate 0141^5 pgr 

cart ar-jhe zdjusrad profit of £1409400. ; 

4. Tltt.c«fCttotfQfi ol PMC and faVjrtNuted eammgs per sharers cased on the profits: 

after taxaaon and. to basic aaramgs par share n based on me exaung^ 18400.000 
oronar/ shares ol me Company n ostia ana astodad mgetrwr wdh me 2.108340 
ortfinary snares oondmonafly adotted to me venoora ol NBi at the Offer tor S»e 
pnea ol 150p per ordinary snare. Flifly diluted eammgs par shareis based on ms 
20.1083*0 drtfinary Noras m issue atwr the Offer for Sale together won 2261.11 1 
oromory shares whch, at the Otter tor Sato pnea ol I50p par ordnary share. woiAf 
satisfy me farther consuterapon tor NBI set out for xkBtrabva purposes only n 
paragraph 21(D) of part B of the Accountants' Report. 

Pm fonna statement of na< assets 

The unauAted oro torma siarement of net assets, wtveh <s pronided'ter VtoEtreove 
puTxraes only, a based on me audited consuhdaied balance sheet of me Group 
end tne audited balance sheet of NBI et 3 IS December, 1965. 

Fixed assets 

Ibngcto assets 

Ciarent assets 

WtorA m progress 


Banx depcsti 

Casn at barer and in hand 

Creddors (amounts featog due efitttni 

Trade crecMor* 

Omar credtfpis 
Corporation tax 
Other axes end sooai secunry 
AccroaN and deterred income 
Fbopowd dendend 

Net currem assets 

Total aaaata tees ai 
PrevtauxM tor tobfii 
Deferred taxation 
Mteonty Merest 



. £ 000 








1 146 









6 14.713 

— 713 

110 2331 

247 1.462 

278 1456 

6*1 20398 

196 3.156 

348 *379 

327 4.097 

i. The Company and its shsre capltel 

(8) The Company was mccfDoraied m England and Males on 27th August 1982 as • 
a povaie breted company under the Companies Acts 19*8 to 1961 (registered 
mxnber 1650786) won the name ■* Trusheftco (No. *81) Lumfed. On moorporaMm 
the Company had an authorised and issued snare capaal ot £2 dauded no two 
ordnary snares of £1 each. The prmapef iegnteDon under which me Company 
Operates s me Compares* Act 1985 and regulator* made tnereimosr 

fb) On 10m December. 1982 tna two stsued ordnary snares of £1 each were 
sub-emded vtto ergm ordinary shares of 25p each and the Company's 
authorised share capoi was atcreased to £87 187.50 by me creation of 3*8.742 
ortxnary pares of 26p earn wruen were atoned to certavt dvectors ol Charles 
Bartrer Group Urmtad fCSGT. which was then the holding company of me. 

Group, end certain txreciors of CBG's substdanes at a subsenpwn pm* of «Jp 
per share. The Company then piachasad approximately 29.1 per cent of the 
. issued share capital of CBG for cash. 

(c) On 22nd Decamber. 1982 the Company's aumonsad share captol was increased . 
to £450.000 by me craa&on of 251250 ordnary shares of 25 p each end 
1300,000 preferred oronery shores of 25peacn The new snare* ranked pan 
passu m ad respects save that me preferred ordnary shares ware e muled to 
the first £250.000 ot Awdenos pad by the Company m relation s each financial 
period of tne Company en d ing on or before 3lst Deeamtw, 1986 m pnortty to any 
other dess of shores of the Company ui issue. The ordinary and preferred 
ordinary snares were men issued to me remaning sharehofdere in C&G. created 
as fasy 03*. m consderation tor all the esueo snares m CBG not already owned 
by file Company 

10} The Company changed its name on 30m December. 1982 to Charles Barker 
Holdings Landed and on 1st March. 1983 to Charles Barter Group LtfiWad. 

(4) Pursuant to a speoal resolution ot the Company pa&ateJ on 31st January. 1985: 

(!) me authorised snare capital of tne Company was increased to £600000 
by me creation of 600.000 or Binary snares ot 250 each: 
me 600.000 issued and me 500.000 authorised but insured ordinary 
snares ai 25e eecn were subdivided mto 3400400 tasued and 
3.000.000 autnonsed but unissued oranary snmas of Sp each: and 

ttt) the l.2W5400**ued preferred ordinary shares of 2Sp each ware, 

— sub-dnndod mto 6400.000 ‘ssusd preferred onfinery shares «f Speech.- 

(f) On25m ApnL 1986 me Comoanyreregstared as a pubhefimitad company 


(g) Pursuant Id a speoal rasofutXxi passed on 12m May. 1986. with tne sanction 
(wnars approfxiawj at the hotoeis ol each Pass of shares m me capaal at 
tea Company: 

(4 . a spabai divtaand of 34o on each issued preferred anfinaiy share jvaa. 
approved and the pref fined ordrary shares were converted no end 
redeslgrated as oidmaiy snares of Speech; 

(n) the authonsed share capital of the Company wav Increased from E600400 
to Cl -200.000 ay me creanon of an addiacnal 12.000400 new ordaary 
snares ol Sp each: 

px) the Dnctors were ganareay and uncondnunefiy aumonsad pursuant to 
Section 80 o* the companies Act 1955 to afiot rettvam sac uraea (as 
oem» in mm Seewm up to en aggregate nonwol anpum of G7S0406. 
such authority to expre on lltn May. 1991: 

(nr) tee who* of tne amount siamsng ta the creoR ot the share premun 

accoum an a pen o» me enon standing » me credn pt tea Company's 
profit and less accoiro was sat free ta asmbuwn to tta sharenokfers 
on tee re^stflr of me Company on 9m May. 1986 and was sppfaed mpeyxig 
up a par g.nXLOOO onfetsy shares of So each, such snores to pe aaoDBd 
to shorehotears pro rare to.fhw than axoang noidlng s of snares and 

(v) me DoKtors ware ampewwad u"M tna date of Ihe annual general meeting 

ot me Company m 1997 to aaof taufy sacunras (as defined m Section 
9* of tna Companies Act 1985) tor cash pursuant to the aumonry referred 
to n suoparagracrt OX*) above as if Section 89(1) at me Companies Act - 
1985 did nor apply to such aflamem provided ma: such powar was fimad 

(t) the aHotmanr of aouXy secumtss m connection wdh a nghu oaua 

m favour of me holders of oromery snares where tne eourty 
securities attnoutetoa to me oaerasts of afi the hoteere of ordinary 
snores are proportunaai (as nearly as may oa) to me respective 
manner of oranary snares held py mem: and 
(2) the Moment fom o nwisa man pursuant to a rights issue) of equity 
secuntea no loan agyegate nominof amounted E60400L 
(h) On 13th May 1986 2.108.340 oroaiary snares were eondition&By anctted to the ' 

enwerwuara oLNBl pursuanuo ma -agreement referred tarn paragraph 866 

bfltow (The NBI Agreement*]- 

ia ..Tne orflagty jtiarestategotfefedfbr aakLare being affetad oareppuncaeria _ : 

ooeuments an d refl b e re p atarea ai due couraa- __ 

© ' Save as disclosed m vis (toeuinera. no snare °t teen capital cd tne Company or . 

- ofany or os su&sxaenas nes dunngifie three ^ars atanedtefaiymeoedng 
ms oata of Ms document been ssued or been agreed to be sawed or re now . 
prooosec to be *auea. fafiy or parity pare, erteer tor cash or tor a conaadaretnn 
ocher man casn ana no comma wore, accounts, brokerages or other special 
terms have been granted by tne Company or any of « suOsxSenes m 
oomecnon vwn the isgub or bsm of any ihare or loan capaai of any such 

(k) Save v> connection with the Charles Barker Group Executive Share Option 
Schema tpetaas of when are sat out « paragraph 3 betewl, no snare or loan 
capital of me Compeny or any of ts sunuttanas is under option or agreed, 
condmonofiy or uncondtaonaHy to be put unear opbon _ 

(D FotaMig the Oder tor Sale and compleoon of the acqweibon of NBI pursuant . 
to me NBI Agreement, tne aumonsed snare capital of me Company wfi be 
Ei.200400 comprising 2*400 000 ordinary snores of 5p each Of utadt „ 

20.108340 wd oa issued and 3491.660 wix reman unissued. A merman of 
127.000 ordnary snares (suOiecT to (xfejsanmti tor me caoransahon issue 
referred to m sub-paragraph (g) (w) above) w* be reserved tor issue « respa a of 
opttone granted unow ma Chanes Barker Group Exacutrve Snare Optxan Scfwmfi 

(detatedwncti are setau: ri .paragraph 3 below j-Save . far .those shares.'- _ 

and any aaotmeni of shares m sansfecwxi of any deferred consadaretian under 
the NBI AgreecnwA. ho'imtsrianssire'drsHares'Of tfteCSOmpariy (other VtteTVI * • 
issue toeherenoidere pro rata tofiiev exremig4'olO«igeH«*Dbe-iTifldo vtahteanfi' 
year of me ears of bus document ymnguf jhe prior approval of sfurMtadtra .* 

m general meebng. 

(ot) The provisions of Section BB(1) of ihe Comoamas Act 1985 (wfach, to the win 
not dsappkad pursuant to Secwm 96 of that Act. confer on sharenoidara 
ngms of pre-emption in respect of me alkamefU of oquoy securitise w*acn ara. - 
O' 0>B to be. pare uo m cash) apply to the authonsed but unissued share capital of 
tne Compeny except to tne extern dreappfcad by tne resouren referred to m 
sub-paragrapn (guv) some The dsappwabon wm give the Dxvctors bnaed 
fie< r> My to issue ordinary shares ta cash. The confirming o bk qaaons of me 
Company under the requiremenis Of The Stock Exchange are that unless tea : 
approval of shareholders n general maefing is obtained. Issues of ordnary 
Shares ta cash shtt oa msoe to shareholders on a pro rata boss No sucte issue 
is currently comempJatec other man as may be required m connaettan with tne .* 
Company’s employee share schemas tor which sharehpfefers' consent wd 
not be requxed 

2. Mem nran dum and ArMcfee of Aa xa d at wo 

Memorandum ot Association 

The Company's prmapef otyeci. as set out m Clause *W and (B1 of ns Memorandum 
o» Association, e to carry oa develop and tom io- accoum thebusawes of.-mfer aEa, •' * 
advertising agents, brokers, consufianre and contractors in j|jts branchesjnd the - 
provision of public relations and marketing services and to aa and cany on busmes*_ 
as a hatomgxrempany- - . 

M/sciasof As Mxw a un r .' 

The AndeSJif Assbcoboo of tea Company contain. mgrjta.prpvisiens atndUiaw- - 
tea following efface . . _ . 

iaj Rights attaching to tee ordinary snares 

(l) ttreng " * • - • • - - *" * . 

Swojact to tksenlranchwenieni fit me event of (D norepaytnam id eoBs 

or other moneys due and payable m respeca o) snares or (U) . _ 

non^ompionca wttn a Statutory notice reaumng disclosure as to 
beneficral ownershre of shares, and sitejed to any specai terms as u 
voting ireon wtveh any shares may be is sued or may ta the tune beeig 
be held (no such shares currently being m issue), on a show at nends J 
every member who » present m person at a general meetetg of me Company 
Sliaa have one vote, and on a pci every member who « present In person 
or by a proxy shafl nave one vois ta every shore of uMeh na a tee 

(I) Owdendb 

Suttee* to every statute from time to tima tn force raiafirxj to co m pan ies 
msotar as the same spokes to tee Company (H» AWVthe Company 
may by ordnary resolution oadare dmdends to be pad » mambere _ 
of tee Company acco rou ig to me* ngritt and Me t esa ui tea* profits 

BvaCnfciefo i \Xe tr buU on-, but n o aw oo nd Shalt bn dactaredm o x ce ssotlha 

_ teiwtait racoi tanan d a a by tee -Ofiaancs-o t me Caa pa n yfteaBciwOL-' . 

Except vi so far as ma rights anactung to. or tea terms of issue of. any_ 

* share otherwise provide (iio such shares cunenriytetag ti fiaue)Tifi 

- ifendenos -shall be degaredendpatt proretoaccofdmgto the amounta— : 

paid up.on tne_shares durmg any portion or persons of the period in ' 

resoeo ot wiuen ma dmdand is pad- Subject to tee p row ai tuiB al tee Acts 
tee Board may pay to me members of tee Company such Interm dividends 
end may also pay any dividends payable at a fixed rate at Marvels 
seated by the 8oard.mooiti cases, as appear to me Board to be juaafiad * 
by the financial positio n or me Company. Any dnmfend unctounad after a 
penod of 12 years ham tea dan ol dadamon shaB be forfeited and aha! 
revert to the Company. 

(ft) Damouhon ot assets on hQudaaon 

On a uiVUnj^jp. any wxixus assets w« ta tended between tea holdare of 
me orouiaiy shares aecordmg » me respective number of shares hold by 
them and m accordance won the provisions ol the Acts, sutyact to tee - 
nghts at any shares whKh may be tseuM with special rfgtits or prwilegu 
(no such shares currently being at issue). The fcquutttor may. with tea 
sanction ol a special resoUion ai me Company and any other sanctum 
legated by the Acts, d*ute amongst the members in specie or tend 
the wnete or any part o» tee assets of tne Company. 

(8) TransferebfitybT snares! • ' J !• iT. 

The ordinary shares are n registered taut. Any member may transfer all or 
any ol nis shares by an insrrumam of tranyer «i any usual form or n any othar 
form winch me Board may aoorova. The Board may: m us absolute discretion 
and without assxjnxxj any reason ta so aorng. decUw to register any transfer 
of any share wruen is not a hisy paid snare. Tbarers no rasmaion an tftera g w refl on 
of a duly stamped transfer of fully paid shares provided tne remanent of transfer 
(a) Is lodged with me Company: accompanied by the relevant share oa rt i ft c atn and 
6»xta omer evidence of me right to transfer as me Board may reqixra. |b]dn 
respect of only one class of snare, and (cl is m favour ol not more than lour 
transferees, if any of tne above condteana ara not compfaed with, the Board has 
docreaon whetner or not to register tee transfer m Question, 
fc) variation ol rights 

Subject to me Acs. the nghts attached to anv class of shares may be varied 
only with ms written consent of tee nokfers of not less than thrna-ouarters in 
nominal value of ma «sued snares ot teat doss or won tea sanction ot an 
extraoronary resolution passed at a separate general meeting of the bowers of 
those shares. The Quorum at any suen general meeting « one or more person* 
homing or raoresammg by proxy not less tear* one-trad 'm nomnal value ol the 
issued shares ol mat cuss except mat af an adjourned meeting me quartan 
c one notter present xi person or oy proxy whatever tee amount of las 
snarehouuig Anexmordtaarvresoiutxxiisreaurea tolie passed Dv a 
majority of fhree-auanars of the votes cast in relation thereto. The rights 
conterred uoon me notters or any shares shall nor. unless otherwise axpreesiy _ 
provxiea «i tee rights aflaehng io suer* shares, ta downed to be varied by tee ' " 
creanon or issue ol further snares ranking pan passu wan mem. 

(d) Changes >n capuar .... 

© Subject to tee Acte and 10 any rights conferred on the holders of any ~ 
other snares, tee Company may «sue redeemable snares and other 
shares attached to vtath are such rights and resrebons as We 
Company decides by ordinary resoxjbon or, if no such resolution la pa«frt. 
as me Board may decade. 

(■) The Company may by onknary resolution mottM rts share capaat 
consolidate and divide ns snare capital mto snares of a larger amount 
and. Subject to me Acts. sutHihnde its snare e&pttai mto shares Ol a 
smaller amount or cancel any shares when have not Dean taken or agreed 
to be taken by any person and tkminsh tee amorait of ns authonsed share 
capaal by tee amount ol the snares so cancelled. 

(N) Subject to the Acts, the Company may by special resolution reduce its 
snare capital, any capital reoampoon reserve. or any snare premium 
account m any way. The Company may atao, 'subject to tee wjurenemsi 

of tee Acts aid The Stock Excnange. purchase ns own shares. 

(a) Directors ■ - ■ .1 

(4 Ai every annual general meetugol tee Company as near ta’possfijle 

one-mad or me Orectors tor tee ome being snail rmjroOy rot a tion and be :*. 
efijybfe for rejection. The Directors to retire «n« be those who have been 
longest m office or. « tea case ert teose who became or who were last 

re-etectetrutraetors on tne same day. snaE unless they oteatvnstr — 

agree, be detenmnea by tot- Any pxector appomced by tea Board shad 
hold office orty unw tee next annual general meeting, when he snafl 
be ekgtte ta ro-efecnon Dm stun not be tween mto account in dotartnning.'' 
the number of Droetore to retire by rotation at that meeting. 

M Sere » prov-ded r paragraph (no beta* a Director she* no) w» (nor be 
counted in the quorum) on any resolution of me Board ai respect of 
any contract or arrangement m when he is lo ls& knowledge matenafiy 
siteresiM and d he does so ixs vo» ta not be counted. Tha Compwiy 
may by ordinary rcaokmon suspend or relax such provisions to any extent ' 
or ratify any transeewn not property aumonsed by reason ol a comraventmii 
Ol Such provisions 

<i0 The prohibition m pgragrapn (») above shafi not apply to a Proctor m 
muxi to any ol the toflowng matters: la) the grwig of any guarantee. 

noemnay or security to Imi hi respect of money ism or bfaQaaons 

imoertaken oy nun ta tee buna hi of the Company or any of ns 
subsakanes: (Dl tee gnimg of any guarantee, indemnity or sactafly to a ~ 
tnnJ party m respect o* a oebt or obkgason of the Company or tteyof-lts ' - '. 
suosxfcanes which he has hrnsefl guaranteed or seaaad m w holfivor h - : 
part- (cl tne subscription or purchase by hen of shares, debentures ra 

othar securqies olthe Company putaam to an offer or inwtafeer ta 

members or debenture nottare ot-trreComparty. or any class of them , » to-" 
the pubkc or any section of tee pubkc:4d) the itederww n ig by tan of * ■ • - 
share*; debentures or other secunses.of tne Company orany of its 
subsxkanes: (el any contract or arrangement In which he a aito reatod by 
value of fas otarest m shares or aabantures or other securities of the 

Company or try reason of any otner interest n or through the Ccxnpany; 

(U any contract or arrangement concamng any otner company m whkte ta 
b int e rasi a d tkreetty or indirectly (not being a company in w hi ch he a 
benakoaOy interested in one par cent, or more of any crass af ted 
equity share capital ot teat compeny or erf tea voting rights of teat 
company): (g) any contract or arrangement conce rning the adoption, 
modrficafion or ooerafion of a pension fund or retiremam, death or 
tksabiMy benefits senema wrecn rsistas both to Oncnrs and 

employees oftne Company or any at ns substaanes ana does net taxnxfe . 

m respect ol any Dream as suen any pramege or advantage not 

accorded to tna emDUyees to whom tee scheme or fund refetaa; ami (h) * 

any contract or arrangement ta tee benefit of o t n ptaya a* of me company 
or arty of Us sJTSKkanea under which he benefits m a sfcnibr maimer to 

tee employees ana wrote dews not acemd to any Ovector as auen «ty 
privilege or advantage tw accorded to tea amptoyaas to wnora tea 
contract or air a ngemem rrtatas. 

M Each of tea Dvaetm maytee pwi a fee at such, ran as may from tana to 
tknaae datemnned by tee Board prondad that the aggregate 6(>fr 

. such fees so patt to tee Dvectms shall not exceed 00400 pm annum 

or each rvgnor amoirt as may hom tree » brae badeetted by ori»i*y 
resolutton ol tee Company The Company may pay' to any Director aB • ■ 
expenses property and reasonably atcurraa by mm m tee conduct ot 
the Company's busness or n the discharge of his Pubes aa a Directoc 
Any Dvoctm who by request goes or resides abroad ta any purpoarofine 

Campafly or pertorms services wmcn. m tea opkxgn of the Board, go 

beyond tee orffnary duties erf a Drecfor may be patt such extra 
remuneratan (whetner by way of safety, comma son. pamcipaiion ai 
proms or o te ntw is ei bs me Boaro may d etarmaie Any Directa whom 
aopomwd to eny executive cxfice snaB be enntreo to receive such 
rem u neration (whetner by way 01 sanyi commission, pMieipation n 
profits cr otherwise i as tw Beam may Oectte ami wtear m admaon to ex 
in Mu of n* ramuneraton as a Direc t or. 

M The Board may mocive tee pa yment of pensions aad nin y hp fuJfetn 
among others, any Dream or tamer Dreeta or persons i-m i^ ^j 

wan hvn subject mta aka. n toe case of payments to a Dwecior or tamw 
OreckjrwhohasnotbaMaiisnipioyeaorotearattaertittJttOamSBnV'' - 

or any of its BitaMkanss. to approval by ordinary raaohnott of flta 
Company. 1 


W Tta Artxtea at A sso c ia tion axttMprov W oc w nttdfyinasaCticin 293 of 
tee Compantes Act 1965. with the rea* that no parson gtiafl bo 
rtsquaMied horn befog ■ Director, or t» requked » vacua Via office. by 
reason onfy of me tact that ho has attained ths age el 70 years or any 
otfwr age ana nor shall it do necessary w gi*8 speew ntwco of a naokAon 
appomtmo « apprcwna the appointment of ajcnaaractot 
10 Bc>f*o«*g pew** 

Tlw Board may axetdsa Ml Mm powers at the Conpany to barrow money 
end to mortgage ordrerg* off or any part at Its wtoertsktog. progeny assets 
(present and turn) and unoled share capital and, subject to the Actt, to 
issue debentures anti other securities whether outright or a co ft ateral security 
lor any data. latmty or owgatnn of the Company or or any rntro pony but tt 
Bias rennet me borrwnngs o( tta Company and moron an voting ana other 
ngha or powtrs ot ewsntf wwrflsaWe by me Company in natation to its 
stewfartos so as to secure (u regards sutttsMriefi. » far as by wenwweat 
B can soon) that me aggregate prtiOpai •mourn from time to mt outstanding 
ot afl borrowings by Bh Corrpany and Its subsldtartos (CBKiustwi of mtnhOnwp 
borrtwwg*) that not wW»ut tta previous sanction of an onfinaiy resolution of 
tta Cdntt^axaefttmemowt equal to M» tee oCfustedcapttai and reserves 
las delkwd in Articte i(fll oi ih» Artictea erf A ss o cia tion). 

(g) Untracad starahoMot* 

Subject to various nodca requirement*, dm Company may sen my shares to 
tne Company on Detail ot me holder of. or person erntlad by mmamissiOn to. 
mose stares by instructing a member of Tlw Stock Exchange to see In 

accordance won tM ban pndn than oMsmng if tiw stores nave baan in issue 

tar at least 12 years and dunrig that period at leasi twee cash dividends in reapea 
of those shares nave become payable and no such dmdend has been darned 
and. so tar as any Director is aware, the Company has not reotevod any 
communication during the retor an t period from the natter o>. or person entitled 
by transmission u. tne shares. 

(h) Non-UK starahoUars 

Non-UK atarahottsrs are not entitled to receive nonces of general m eet ings 
urtossttay have gmm on address In &» UK to the Company to whktosueh 
notices may be sort. 

Hie Company has estaousnad three share schemes for dractors and employees of 
tne Grotto- The Directors have mads certain amendments to the Sham Schema and 
the Executive Share Option Scheme, subject to tha adrmwtan of tee ordbury shares to 
the Official Uat on or prior to 31 St Juty, 1986- These amendments wlB become effacave 
when approved by the Board oltniand Revenue and me taeowing nummary of tha 
material provi s ions oi the Company's employee snare schemes assumes that me 
amanctawnts nave become ettoettve. 

■ (a) The Cftarfss Barker Group Sftsnt Schama 

This Schama, which s wwatliu taa by a itust Deed dated 20th May. 1983 
batween toe Company and Charles Barkar Thrsnes UmltMl nhe Thisteaan. has 
been appro red py tha inland Bereraia undar the p r a v la iona of the Finance 
Act 1978 (as amended). 

Under tha Scheme the TTistaes are provided won funds by die Company and 
peroapaang subskSanes u acqvnra. by purenaae or subscription, snares m 
the Company on beta* of elgibto am^oyees. Prior to tne passing of the special 
resolution of die Company described in paragraph 1(g) above, die Schema 
related to the preferred ordinary shares in the capital of the Company aid at all 
times after the passing of such resolution me Scheme wB retota to onflreary shares. 
Ettgmie employees must be WB-ome employees of ths Company or ■ parnepsting 
subsidiary and must have been continuously employed at the relevant date 
for not toss than five years (or such shorter period as the Directors may 
determine). Parncpanng subsxhanes are those subakfcane* over which the 
Company has control and wtuen the Company may from ana to time nommate 
by executing a dead supplemental to the Trust Deed with the nom inat ed 
sutisttBoy am die Tiustees. 

The initial market value of tha ordinary shares a p pro p r ia ted to any wdMduaf 
employee «i any year under the Scheme nay not exceed £1 250 or such 
greater amount not exoeedkig ES.000 as die (Vectors may determine and as 
may be permmad by the Finance Act 1978 (as amended). Ordinary shares wB be 
appropr ia te d to partiepams as soon aa practicable Meowing their acquisition 
by the Thistees. 

Any ordinary shares subscribed for and issued under the Scheme w* (subject 
to dividend end other entitlement! arising by reference to b date prior to their 
wsue) rank pan passu wtm the other snares then n issue and w* be subscribed 
at a price equal to me faghar of (i) the average at the mxtfe market quotations 
of an ordoiary share for dw three dating days immecSaafy fotiowxig the 
announcement of the Group's annual result* Ot d later, tha first three dealing days 
cf the SOday period expiring on the data of appropriation and (H) the nominal 
value of an ordnary share. Apptcati o n wU be made to the Council of The Stock 
Exchange for ther admtsswn n the Offioal List. 

The aggregate normal amount of ordlnaiy shares which may be subsertoed or 
purchased for the purpose of effecting appropriatio ns undar die Schema is 
kmted to £125.877. which to 12-4 per cant of die issued share capital of the 
Company Mowing the admtoson of the otanary Dm to the Offloal List 
The menmum number of ordinary shares wtweh may be issued pursuant to tha 
Scheme on any one, when added to die number of ordinary shares issued 
and remsirwig issuable m respect of rights conf er red in the previous 10 years 
under ties Scheme and any other share scheme lor Group employees, may 
not exceed 10 per cent oc in the previous two years, three per cere of tha 
number of ordmary shares m issue immedataiy before that date, tn eddoioa In any 
year not more than one per cere, of die anknary share capital of the Company 
may be issued under the Scheme. 

Aa requaed by the finance Act 1978 (as amended), ordmary shares acquired by 
the Thistaea under die Scnema w* be held by the Thnteei for a rnnknum of 
two years during wtuen time they may not be sold or charged by tha employee. 

For the fofiowmg five years, die Thotees vM retain audi shares unless die 
employee concerned wishes to dtopo9e of (ham and thereafter they wfl be 
tra n sferred to die employee. In certain cRumstances. such as death, 
redundancy or rearamem. oronary shares held by the Tiustees under the 
Scheme may bo released before tne expey of the two year penod. Whdo any 
onfinary shares are so held si trust the respective employees wffl be beneficial 
owners of such shares and wto be entitled to receive dividends and drect the 
exercise of voting nghto. 

The Dkectors may amend the Stfiemo provided that no am e n d m ent a made 
which would adversely affect die interests of any parbopam In respect of 
ordinary shares atready appropriated to him and no snandment may ba made 
to tte da triton of ekgitki enaikiyee. Neal market value or profits and certam 
other provisions without the prior approval of the Comoary «i general meeting. 

No amend m en t may be made to the Scheme wfyeft would emsa the Stfieme 
to cease to be approved by the Board of inland Revenue pinuani to the Finance 
Act 1973 (ss amended). 

The tofiowing is a summary of the appropriation of shares In the capitol of me 
Company made to employMa under the terms of dm Scheme: 

Data Shares ap propr iate d Mai marker vate 

30tii Septembec 1983 13.508 preferred onfinary 32Sp 

shares of 2Sp each 

28di September, 1984 16283 preferred onfinary 625p 

shares of 25p each 

28th August, 1985 57,722 preferred ordinary shares of 163p 


(O) The Charias Bariiar &oup Exaeutm Slur* Option Schama 

Ths Scheme, whcii was estaokshed by die Company on 31 8! January, 1385. has 
bean approved by the Inland Revenue under the prov ttwne of tha finance Act 

AM ompioyaee who work at toast 20 hours par week end alt executive dmcnra 
who work at toast 25 hours per week are etgioto to be nomkwted for 
participation in dm Scheme at the Invitation of the Directors who hove a tfiscretion 
fci satoettog die persons to vfhom. for a constoeration of £T. opeons to purchase 
ordmary shares are to be granted and (subject to the to ntoU oi M set out below) 

In dmannmng tne number of options to be so granted. Options may not oe 
granted to any Individual who to within two yeera of his normal rattremant data 
and die Dkectore may spetofy adtfitionai oomfitions (to be approved by die Board 
of Inland Revenue), the MNmant of which wW be a eorefitton precedent to me 
exarcse of an option. Tha Directors wtu be authorised to grant options during 
tha period oi 31 to 42 days Oncteiva) Mowing the annouicement by the 
Ccnpany to The Stock Exchange of the Company's final or mtsrtm results. The 
imudnun number of ordinary shares which may bo issued under this Scnenu 
is 1 508,125. winch to Th per cent of the issued share capital of the Company 
fallowing me admission of the tnfinary shares to the Official (JsL The Directors 
may not gram options after 17th September 1995. 

The maximum number oi ordmary shares whicn may be issued pursuant » the 
Scheme on any data, when added to the number of onfinary stores Issued 
and rememng ssueble in respect d rights conferred ki the prevtoue 10 years 
under this Schema and any other share option scheme, or scheme provKJmg 
for the subscription of ordmary shares out of the profits Of die Group, lor 
employees of tne Group approved by tha Company in general meeting shall 
not exceed 10 per cam. or (but tor mis purpose excluding any savtngs-retatsd 
share option scheme approved undar the Finance Act 1980 and any proftt 
sharing scheme approved under the Finance Act 1978) five per cent or, within 
the previous two years, three percent, of the number of onfinary shares m issue 
an the day preceding that date. 

Options so granted wa be exar a sabla wWtin a period of 10 yean and wifi a rattle 
the recipient to subawte for onfinary shares at a price determined by the 
Dtracara. being not less than tha higher of (i) the arithmetic average of the 
middto market quotation of such shares for the first threedeafing days of the - 
30-day period endfag on tne data of grant of the options oc If tha ordmary shares 
have not been admtoed to the Official List at the begbsfing of such 30-day period, 
the mxfdto market quotation of such shares at the date of grant and 00 dieir 
nominal amount Each indfvfduars partici pa tion inter this Schama must 
comply with paragraph 5 of Schedule 10 » the Finance Act 1994 (as amended 
from time to time) and w« be butted so that tha aggregate price payable on 
the exercise of options panted to torn under mis Scheme and any other 
non-approved scheme operated by the company tram time to dnto in any tan 
year period wil not exceed tour times hto annual emofuments (as defined In the 

An option wd normaBy only be axerctoaue attar me expiry of three years from 
me data of its (yam. Options may. however, be exarasad earlier than thto m 
certain ctrcumstances inducing death, redundancy or retirement or (at the 
discretion of the Dkectors) U the employee ceases to be employed by die 
Group in any otiiar creumstances. Options are not transferable and wM apse If 
an option hotter leaves die service of the Group otiier than m the 
cncum s t a ncea referred to above. Eariy exercae a etoo possWa in tha event of 
an a mal ga ma t i on, reconstruction or take-over of the Company 
Onfinaiy shares wfl be allotted and issued withm 30 daya of the maretoe of an 
option ana such shares wfl rank (subject to tfiwdend and odiar annteinents 
ertatig by reference to a date prior to their issue) pan passu wrtti the other 
ordmary xhares than to toaue. AppDcstion will be made tt the Council of The 
Stock Exchange for their admission to the Official LtoL 
H there to a capitalisation or rights tosua by die Company or any consoBdatlon. 
mtettvtslwi or reduction of the share capital of me Company the nominal 
amount, the dess and the number of shares which may be issued undar Bits 
Scheme and me nominal amount the amber and olaas of shares sutyeef to any 
option ana me rtgtrtx a tta ch ed thereto, and me subscription price therefor, may 
bit aCj u ete d by the Dtrecare provided diet no HJuatmert shall be niada unless 
and until the Company's auefitore have confirmed that the adustmem Is fair and 
reasonable and tha adjustment has been ap proved by die Board of Inland Revenue. 
U notice is given of a general meeting of the Company at wMch a resolution wd 
be proposed tor the voluntary wlndbp-up of the Comjmy each parttdpam 
n the Schema is entitled to exercise toe option prior to the comm e nce me nt of 
die wmdngntt (or. rf earner, the lapse ot tas option) provided that such exaretoe 
start be condtoonai upon the said raaokmon being passed. Afl options, to the 
extent not already exattasad. swaS autom atica lly lapse upon the commencement 
oJ the winding-up of the Company 

The Directors may amend the Scheme as they consieer necessary to enable te 

Schama to obtain or maintain the approval ot die Board oi Intend Revenue 
under the Finance Act 1984. The Dkectors may also amend the Scheme In any 
respect provided that no material adverse amendment may be made to the 
lenra of an option fiae by a patfictent to the Schama except with ns written 
consent and no amendment, which si the oprton « the Bow) to to the 
material advantage of employees or partidpents in the Scheme, may be made 
to certain provisions of the Sdieme wkhounne prior approval of the Company 
to general meeting. No amendment has effect uitil tt is approved by the Board 
of Hand Revenue undar die Finance Act 1984. 

The tofiowtog is a summary of the options which have been framed » certain 
executives raider tne tame of the Scheme and wham have not lapsed: 

17m September. 1988 BZ0O0 i56p 

Wi May. 1988 35.000* 150p 

(subject to 
agreement with fiie 
' Intend Revenue) 

•subject to the wprovsi Of the Boon! of intend Revenue, the exeretee of the 
flpfione to respect of 10200 ot these ordinary shares to subject to the 

tttainmenf of certain profit levels. 

Ontetary shares 
undar option 

Option axaretee 

Tha OtoKtots propose to anand tne terms of mo above options to tofca eeeoia* 
01 the capfaawdon tseue referred win subperajmJiiaxiv) above, xubiert 
IB the conftomtion of me euattora mat such am endmen t to toir and reesonetaie 

and the approval of the Board of kdand Revenue. 

Detan 01 opnesns grown » moon am set out m paragraph 4 bate* 

fcj The OtariasBafkarSmilngs-Matad Share ftjfte Scheme 

ThB Scheme was esteWstied by dm Company on 12th May, 1968 and 

applkafion wfll be made lev the Scheme to be approved by tne Boerd of Intend 

Revenue under the pronokma of toe Finance Aa 1980 (as amended 

Tlte Scheme to a SaveAs-te-Eero share option scheme and Is open to all 

tummo emptoyees of the Company «md any subsidiaries stiptdsted by the 
Drectora wno hive completed tire years' eandnueue employment at die relevara 
Cate (or such shoner period aa file Pkectore may dtsmitoo). 

Tbjoln tha Scheme, an algUe employee Invtted tojoln the Scheme muaieraer 
hno a Sav*As-1teEiin contract wfih an tosproprteta semge entity fSawgs 
Contracf). Btereby agreeing n make momhly corartettatn of betamen £10 and 
®1 00. or such greeter amount (not exceeding £1 50) «s may from time to time bo 

pemstlKf by toe firtaneo Act I9W (it amende^), fora period of Bveiwra or 

seven years, ctependlng upon the lenn* of the relevant Jnvttatidn and, B permitted 
by such-terms, tha etiate ol me emptoyee. 

Each wifidoyee so jolnwgeAi be e^ded to appJy (free of charge) tor options to 
lubscrtm lor ortfinery shares at a price detarmtoed by the Dkedors. bemg 

not teas than dm Ngtier of (0 90 per cent of me avera g e middle market 

Of such stares tor too first three deattng day* to ma 3D«y period poor 

Of such shares tor too firs* three dasttng day* m ma away perew poor » 

era daw me optiow are getead oc B me ordtoery shares nave n a bean ad 

to toe Offictal Us* at the beginning of the said SHtoy penod. too mkkfie 
market quotation of an orutoary srora on tne date of grant or, if the onlinar] 
shares have nof been admitted to me Official Ust on the dare of gram, the 
market value of an onfinary share as agreed with Ihe Intend Revanue and 9 
their nommei amount. H» nunber of ordinary shares over whicn options or 
granted vriti be ttndiad to that number which may be purchased out of die 

Fallowing me first grant of options, testations to apply tor options may be made 

by bm Directors only dirtig me 2fl day* to to win g die areieuncomsnt to The 
Stock Exchange of the Company's Mortal or final rasttes In any year. 

The maximum number of ordnary shares which may be issued pursuant to die 
Scheme on any date, when added to d*» rsanber of onSnary shares Issued 
and ramiusng issuable to respect of rights co nferred to the previous 10 yeera 
unoorttes Scheme and any other share option scheme, or schema protadtog 
fm the su bscri p tion ol oranery shares out of the pntots of the Group, tor 
enfotoyees of the Group approved by tha Company to general meeting ahaB 
not exceed 10 per cent. or. wtthin the previous two yeera, three per cent, of the 
rumor of ordinary snares In Issue on ihe day preceding that dais. 

Ttw maxbnunt nunber of ocdtoaiy shares wMch may be Issued under fids 
Scheme is 2313.542, which la 12U per cent of the Issued share capital of the 
Company bnmerfietsly Mowing the adRasston of die onfinary shares to the 
Oflfcaai List, and no options may be granted sfiter the tanm aw dve rea ry of die first 
grant of options under the Scheme. 

Options wti normaly ortiy be a xa r datt tia tor a period of six months commencing 
on toe fifth or seventh amtinnary of the Starting date of me related Savings 
Contract (ss determined at the time of entering mo the Savings Contract) and, 

B options are not exercised by me and of that period, they wH topee. Options meji 
however, be exercised earfier then fids hi certain specified ckcu m st an cee 
Inducing death, redundancy or re ti rement Options ore not transferable and 
wil lapse B an option hotter leaves the sen** ol the Group to any othar 
c fi rumatancea. Early exardaa la atao posslbla to the event ot an a uwlgtny wion. 
reconstruction or take-over of the Company. 

Ordinary shares wa be atoned and tesuad wlthto 30 days of tha exercise of an 
option and such shares wil rank (subject to cttvktend and othar aantfaments 
artsmg by reference to a date prior to ttwr issue) part passu with die other 
onfinary shares ten to fcaua. Application wil be made to too Councfl of The 
Stock Exchange for thek admtsalon to the Official LteL 

If tnare Is any capriaksstion or rights lesue by the Compsmji or any consolidation, 
aub-dtvtston or reduction of the share capttM of the CompiaiyL tha numOK 
the nomtotd amouif and the cteas of aharaa which may be Isatwd undar tha 
Scheme and the mimtoet the ruminal amount and die ctess of shares subject 
to arty option, and the subs c ription price therefor, may be adjuned by tot 
Ekrectora provided that any adjustment stub be made on toe oasis that, so 
tv as is poeatde. the aggregate subscription price origtoaiy payabie by a 
partidpent on tito sxarclaa Ot Ida option shal not ba attareo and no ad|uitiiwit 
shall be made without toe prior confirmation at the Company's suifitore that 
such a tfra tmant a fair and reesonetaie or without me poor approval of the Boaid 
of intend Revenue. 

If a resolution Is passed for the vatontary wtadfag-op of the Company, die 
Directors wd give notice w all par ti ci pan ts who wH men have 60 days to 
exarctee their options. Subject to mte, al options w9 autonnDcalfy iapM in the 
evert of a resolution being passed or an order being made lor the winding-up 
of tne Company 

The Directors may amend tha Scheme B9 they consider necessary to enable the 
Scheme to otrieto or maintain me approval of the Board of intend Revenue 
under the Finance Act 1980. The Directors may also amend the Scheme m any 
respect provided that no alteration may be mode wfdch woidd adversely affect 
any of tne artateting rights of pertictenta except with the consent of a ceoten 
propoiixtotf the partidp a nte in the Sdwmo and no amendment to the advantage 
of edglbia emptoyees or panklpante may be made to certain promsms of die 
Scheme without the prior approval of the Company in goneral meeting. Altar 
the Scheme has bean approved by tha Board of Intend Revenue pursuant to die 
Finance Act 188Q, no attention wte have affect and It Is approved by the Board cf . 
Intend Revenue. 

4. Directors’ and otiiar tol era te 

(a) The benefidelMeroets (as defined to tin Companas Act 1986)0* toe Diractore 
end tow fendtes in the share capital of the Company tornndteniy roaovmg me 
Offer tar Sate as diey w# appear in Hie register mamtetoed under the 
p i u v a wns of the Companies Act 1985 wttbe: 

Antony Snow 2JXL000 1.0 

Stephen Gtabs 215.482 1.1 

Reddy Murray 273300 1.4 - 

John Rage 527294 . Z3 

Sk Richanf Baker W R xafitBn 15200 0.1 

Jim Vsughn 50200 03 

to. atkftxm, Antony Snow was granted options on ,17th September 1985 xi 
respect of 28200* onfinary shares which era exerdsebifrbatviean 17di 
September. 1988 and 17th September; 1995-at a price oM58pr per share. *Subj«a 
to adjustment for die capitalisation Issue an 12th Mny. 198S.- 
Save as dsdoeed above, no Director has any interest In tha share capital of the 
Compwiy or any of ta srtoskfisnes. 

(b) Fotiowtag ms Olfer tor Sate the following W. so ter aa toe Directors are aware, 
be Merested In 5 per cent, or more of the asuod share capital of the Company: 

Ordnary % 


The Manor C ha ntabie Thaiees (Rag te teted) 1,416520 72 

Ayar 3216251 152 

Sava as dsdosed above, the Dkectore are not aware of any knarest (wlthto 
toe meamng of Pan VI of the Compan te s Aa 1985) wtncji, following the Oftar 
tar Sale. w« represent 5 pv cent, or more ol the issued mare capital of the 

W No bans or g uarant ee s have been granted or profited by any member of the 
Group to or tar tha benefit of any Orectoc 
foj) The to*o*vtog to a summary cf the amol saterios of the executive Dkectors 
under their service oortracte with the Company and the bonus payments 
made to them in respect of 1985: 

Director* Annual salary 1 985 bonus 

Antony Snow £100.000 £25.548 

Stephen Gibbs £35200 £10221 

Paddy Murray £70200 £17223 

John Page ES5265 £16230 

The oomr aca are termina ble, by atthar party on the giving of twenty-four months' 
notice expiring on or after 30m April 1989. The contracts provide tar an 
annual salary review on la July each yaac 

Save as mseknad above, there are no existing or proposed aarvica contracts 
between any of tie Dkectors and any company In the Group (excluding 
- contracts detemtinabto by the Company without compensation (other man 
Statutory compensation) withn one yew). 

The Company operates a proft-retand bonus schema for senior executives and 
bonuses are payebte by tiia Company at tha discretion of the Company's 
Compensation Commktee. Afl me executive Dkectore pa rticipate m dtis stdieme 
and file bonuses paid to them in respect of tha Company's profits tor the 
faunas) penod ended 3ist December; 1985 are set out above. In addition. 

Antony Snow receives an annual accommodation alowance of £16006 
W The aggregate emofcxnema o» the Directors (todudkig bonuses, pension 
contributions and other benefits) during the year ended 31st December. 1985 
were £404.480. The estimated aggregate amounts payable to the Dkectors 
fmchKlng pension cortrtlMions and other benefits but excluding bonuses, which 
rotate to profits tor the current year) for the y ear anting 3ist December. 1988 
witter me a r rangemena m force at the data hereof are 8386616 
(f) The emokimants of the Dtrectora of the Company wil not bo varied Si 
consequence of the aoquwtlon of HW. 

(S) No Director has any Interest in sny transaction which a or was unusuti in Us 
nature or contfitione v sfgnttcant to the bustoesa of the Group, and which 
was effected by Die Company Airing m cwrent or tinmertnsly preesdtog 
fi nancial yea r o r during any a arfiar financial year and remans m any respect 
oms mttaifl or unperformed. 

The Company is a hokfing conveny Its direct wholy-ownad subsidiary C8G, owns 
afi the tradxig assets end busineas of me Group (save to relation to Charies Bartwr 
Austria Pty Umitod, a whoBy-owned subsidiary of the Company end Charles 
Barker. Meams A GB Pubic Relations Limited fCBMSCD bk) Its baskiess Is operated 
on Its boned by wholly-owned subsfdteries which act as ks agents. Upon completion 
ot tne NBI egreemeffi. NBI wil become a subawtery of the Company. Daotite of C8G 
and Wi are as follows: 

Issued and Km net/. General nature 

tuBypUd or robe dtaotnass 

Hama and registered oOce aftara capital earned 
Charles Barker Group Limited. £341.150 100 Communications 

30 Farringdon Street (deferred) company 

London EC4A4EA £ 13248 


Norman Broadbant MemaBu t m £ 87.154 100 executive search 

Unwed. coneutiancy 

25 Sl James's Street 
London Swi A 1HA 

The totiowing are tegnificant subeidteries which, with die exception of CBM&O, 
ea ss agents ter CBG. Al these compantes we whoBy-owned subskfienee 
of the Company save for CBM&G (a 70 per cenL-oemed ncsldtery) which tredea 
to Its own ngfe. Hie batenca of the shares m C8M&G Is owned by Meams & 

GIB Advertising Limited. 

Ayer Barker Untiled 

Charm Berime Stock A Grose unwed 

Charm Barker cay Unwed 

Chertae Barter Commu m ca d o na Limited - ■ -- 

Chartea Barker Lyons Umkod 

- Ctwkra Barker Management Setectte totamational Ltadtod 
Chsriee Barker Manchester united 

Charles Barker Reerutenertt Umited 
Charles Barker Scothnd Ltedtod 
Chariee Barker Wamey 6 Ifowei Unwed 

Owen Utade Dements Umitod 
Rapter Sendees Dratted 

the regotvad office uf these compantes is at 30 Farringdon Street London 
EC4A 4EA apart from CSM&Q which has Us registered office at 7 Canton Place. 
A&ardean ABB 1PR 


30 Fantogocxi Street, 

London EC4A4CA 
32 Farringdon Street, ' 

London EC4A4HJ 
Island 2nd floors. 

Raptor houbOi 

eo-as Lerno* Conduit Street, 
London WC1N3LJ 
22/23 Red Lion Street; 

London WC1R4PX 
Chnxiide house, 

72-78 Fleet Street, 

London EOW 1HY : . . 


30-38 East Street 
Bromtey Kent Bfll IDS . 

10m and nth floors, 

Kennedy Tbwec 
Snow Hd, Gusentway 
Skmtoghsm B4 61B 
18 Rutiand Square, 

Edinburgh 611 2BH 
234 Wsst George Street. 
Glasgow G24QY 
5th Itoac 
Graeme House. 

Wiliretram Rond, 


Menctiestar M21 1BX 

The principal property Of NBI is: 


25 SL James's StraeL 
London SWI A IMA 

Floor arae CotianS 

( Srium - Ttewuaw 

E6484 Lease well December £557 . 000 

21.476 Lease untr Jane 2005 £265200- 

5202 LMHiunS June 1988 B$*jm 

Save tor the etokn agstast the Company referred to in rues 7 of pert B of flie 
Accouitants' Report, which w*s seated without Mmteslon of HabWy the Directors we 
of the opinion met there are no legal or arbtoatiM procee di ngs pemflog or threatened 
against eny member of the Group which may have or have had. during me 12 months 
preceding the da» of tins document, a significant effect on die Group's financial 

pens ion. 

12. Offer for Sate Agreement 

By an egreemem ptw Offer for Sate Agreement') entered into bn 14th May 1886 
Scnrodera tet agreed (corttWonalfy upon the admission of the onfinary shares to the 
Offictef list) u purtwse a totaf of 5227285 ordnary shares Item the persons 
sat out below (The vtettore*) and » otter to the pubkc sl such shares at the Offer Mr 
Sale pnea of tSOp, which rap resen n a premium of i46p over the nooibwl value of 
tip per share. Schraders wii receive an underwriting axurntssion of 2 per corn, of die 
Offer lor Sate price oat of wWcmtviM pay a sub-underwriting co nan tee lon of 1H par cent 
end a fee to Cazenova & Cd. (the broken to me Otter .tar SatoL In addttton. me 
Company ties agreed to. pay a foe to Schredare for to services to comeetion wiA the 
Offer tor 8We. Hie Corrawny has also agreed to pay el other coats and expenses of 
and tocfctentalto the Ofter tor Sale end the appUcutton for adratoslon to die Official 
Ust, as funner described to paragraph 13(b) below. 

The names of the Vendors end the number of aharaa eott by each of them are os 

Number of shares 

Name being sou 

Antony Snow 130200 

Stephen Gfctoa 80200 

Paddy Murray 30200 

JohnRqja aqnnq 

Djoy AriowsMdv 17200 

Simon Barrow 187200 

Angela n eytit - 33.000 

Katm Payne 222D0 • 

Mc haet PW daaoa 16200 

Tan Rfittfoone 106000 

DevUNonnan 131280 

David Norman end others 174258- 

Andrew (Seen and another (trustees tor D. Norman) 131282 

MtfesBroadbenl iQgjso 

Mtes Broadbant end another 10288 

Andrew Green ana another (truants for M. Broadbant) 197790 

JuBanSakny - - 125282 

DcTtnnwWimeknaixl others Oruttaes tor J.Silnty) 342«0 

James Hervey-Bathursf 109290 

Frederick Hervey-6amurst end others (trustees tor J. H ervqy- Oa ttxiT An 31A00 
Trusw es of Net Pension Scheme (for Nicoaa Crochwette) - 4*260 

Richard Boggto-Rods 32270 

Andrew Green and anotiier (trustees for R, BoggerRUM) 88280 

Robert Hutton 12250 

F. & a ABance tovestnxsTt PLG 86000 

F. 8 C. Ernarprise that PU5 126000 

The Notional Fund 100200 

Bering Srotbere & Co. Ufldted Rsnsion Raid - 100200 

TheMonor Charitable Trustees (Regoterwg 1266385 

The Ashrfcxenmrasenent -trust PLC 200,000 

ThaHenfrOcoonfc'mmnjG gognag 

Schrader JrwusMient company LtaWed 480200 

The Grcup's princfoal pteee of business in the Linked Kinpcfcxh and the Comparry'a 
head office era at 30 Farringdon Street London EC4A4EA. 

Detaite of the principal oftioe premtees ofthe Group ere set out beiemr: 

6683 Lease untti September £83200 


6166 Lease umft March 1998 E46250 

(sut^sci to contract) 

4.700 Lease until Mtth 1994 . £57235 

8258 Lease until September 

4200 Lease urt* Fefxtrery 
2007 . 

7232 Lease tma December 

6200 Lease ixid March 1995 

6710 Une until 4 m 1988 

The badtog an rangemuts between the Graip end conn ei kjd to 197* end 
Ayer has held 10 per cent oftfie tewed shore cepdaf of the Cbmpmiy.sklca August 
1986 Hds nakteig will increase to IS per cert, of tha Issued ahera eapttat tafiowtog 
the Offer tar Sate, ^er has agraed wbh Sdvodea that 6 wM not (wtihont me oonsMB 
of Schraders) dteposa of any pert of tide hokting or tocnaeo Re boldtog anti ater ., 
die enraai general m i wt ng of tbs Coropery In 1987. except kU mH ed orci s nstent e i . 

The trading e rrengemenis ere supported by en agre em en t ttetsd ffth Meroh. 1988 
betw een /yer and The Company whereby The Company agreed to su pport hted a . 
ka a me iional network end to txfld Ayer's presence n the United Ktogdom. ttxqgrti jyer 
Bericaci whfitt providng diet the Company may eetabfiih ttsetf In oerate areas or 
business outside the United IQngdom (otiier than In combination will e major 
ta wrr m tonel competitor of AyQ- The egeemert step proridse that dhfateaaaaa to 
hott shares to the Company tt could: require tha Company to n si n e n e m gAyert 
Dame. In ackfltian. subject to the Company's epproveL Ayer may nondnate a 
representative director of the Coeipsiy whiat It retains its Mvestmert In Bit Corepeny 
The egreemert is expreseed tt continue until 3la« Dacembw; 1987 end is ecfcjectio 
sfac months' notice by erther party mqsHng on or after mat dan. 

6 tetoM contracts 

The loflowkifl ooo ceca (not being contracts entered Into in the ordmary oourse of 
busknsS) have been entered Wo by the Company endfor tts subeldianee «MNn tin 
two years to u nad ia tefy prece di ng Ihe date of tide document end ere. or mey be. 

(l) The agreement referred to to paragraph 7 above. 

(■) An agreement dated TOttiAprl 1985 between me dharaboietere of MB) 
end tire Company Whereby the Company agreed to acqure the whokr 
ot the iseued share capital of NBL The etpeaenw m candWonsl on die 
admission of the Company's tesuad ndtotry shares to the Offictal Iter by 
tne Cound of The 8ock Exchange on or prior to 30tii June. 19BB end 
such ksang becoming effective. 

The agreement provides inter a*s that, from 1st April 1988. 50 percent 
of NSTa annual profits before taxation end bonusae but after til otiier 
charges ("taper mcome*) wB be Mfiacte lor ettoeation to a bonus pool 
to be paid to me dtrectore and M-tbno employees of NBL The profits, 
attributabte to the Company vritt be thaw after such tetacation to the 
bonus pooL The egreemert contains Emits on the eexeeds wfdch may 
bn eSocated to the bonus pool d certain levats of profits sn> not achieved 
by NBI in the nine (norths entflng 31st December 1988 and the year 
onettng 31st December. 1987. 

The Cons»deratiaitorma a « aiiga ioncoBiprtee»iniaalco na iitereito n tobe 
satisfied at u ttaki teti on by the afiomem to m e mte ra of ordkatyeheres 
In me Company cradsed as tatty pted which haves value, based on the ' 
Oftar fw Sate price, of £6182200 end deterred eonstteranon 
dependant cm results. Of the 2.106340 adtnery sha res in fhe Company 
aHonad » settefy »• Meal corutteranon jtie solera tame agreed to ss* an 
aggregate of 1 21 672D of audi shares as pert of the Offer for Sate. Akttier 
details of which m given in paragraph 12 betoM ■ 

The deferred corredanflon. to be saSeled by the atiamem of aninaiy 
shares « the Company credtted as tatty paid, ta payebte in two benches 
on the firat and second enreve ua t tea of completion and wff be calco tete d 
by reference to a foriiwtt wfddi provldas tar a mutepte ofll n be 

a ryWti- 

In the case of tha first tranche. 10 one-ebdh of tiw aggregate of H 
£166250 (bteng the notional prate atofouabte to me Company 
In respect of the three months ended 31st March. T986 after a 
notion* lax charge of 372 per cert.) end (b) haft of NBTs super 
income tn respect ot the rtaie months from 1st April 1986 u 31 St 
Oecambec 1988 after a notional lax merge at 375 per oonn 

in the ease of the second tranche, to onertnm of tire aggregate ot 
(a) £575200 (being tne notional profit eonbutebte to the Cmraiany 
in respect of tiia year ended 31st DeoanttHt; 1965 after e noborai 
tax daige of 425 per cam.), lb) the sum ot £156250 end hetf of NBTs 
sister means ki respect of .the nine months from 1st ApriL 1988 tt 
. 31st December 1988 after a notional texmesge at 37-5 per cam 
, .. . . end (c) half of NBTs super tocone in ttw year andogJIsDecaniDac 

1987 after vnottonef tax charge of 3625 par eon. . . 

' II tiw aggregate consaeraddopaie to tha seflars.talSAhOft of £8200206 
-- ... - ' sucftshontettvriWjteeettSfledonmefifmenrtveraaryof oomptetion-by 
- - thaakrtmentof onSnCrysltarMin the Company cradled as Ufypatd. 
provided Burt prows a u nb ute bte to tile Cbmp an y (after efl oe ttfo ns to. ' 
the bonus pool but before taxaflon) between 1st April 1986 and Slat 
March, 1991 exceed £8200206 

The nunber of ordkiary shares to the Company to be attooed to satisfy 
the deferred oonsklarationwfl be cafciJatod by reference to foe average 
of the mMdtoHnsrtet quotations tar eucn sneree ee derived ten The 
Stock Exchange Defy Ofltataf List for the thro butkwts days tavnedtessty - 
pracedng an retevem ettotment date. 

Hie agreement provide* that any ordinary shores in the Company sBoeed 
to satisfy the deterred cansktarBiian may ba disposed of bytes Mleni 
upon allotinent but any ordinary stares reamed muR be bold for ei toast 
six months. 

The egreemert contains normal warranties end m ttemnittas and certain 
rest ri ctions on the Mien' business activates. 

(B) Tta Offer for Sale Agreement referred to in paragraph 12 takm 
6 Duration 

(a) TtoPfractors haw boon atMead tent kimradwesiy Wtowfog the Ofter for Stfs. (tie 

Coitpany wifl n« be a cfosa company a» domed tnthe tacoma and Corpcnotan 
Ttixes Ac* 1976 

(D) Clearance has tMiototetnod undar aoction 484 of tea Incoma and Corporation 
foxes AcM 970 In connoction wtfo tha Otter for Ssle and trans a ctions rotated 

(c) Whan paying a cMdand. the Company has u remit to the Wand Revenue en 
amount of advance corpor a tion tax f , *C T '? at a rate vtefcte is currently *K. of 
the dhrfdend pakL AecortteigljL 8w ACT relating to a dvktond currentiy emote 
29 per cent, of the sum of Ihe cash dtadenq plus tiw ACT. 

Inrlwduai sh a reholders restoent In the Unttad Kingdom are entilted to a tat crette 
corresponding to (ta ACT paid which satisfies thek - tabOty to basic rate tax 
fn respect of Dm cosh dlvktend received and which In apprtprtat* eases may b* 
reclaimed m cash, a UK resident corporals starehotter w« not be Eafate to 
UK corpo ra tion tax on any rkvtoend repshred and may be able to roctaJm the 
assoctetad tax crock: in appropriate cases. 

(d) VWwmor hottore of sham in the Company who we resttert in comtbtesojhar 
that the Urtad fQngdom are entitled to a payment from the Intend Revenue 

of e proportion of B» tax credtt in teepee* of cCwdends on such shores depends 
■tpon me provUons of any double taxation convention or apeenwntwMch 
exists between sudn countries end tiw Umted Kingdom. Fereons who tea not 
resident in the United rangdom shored consult their awn tax 'advisera on the 
posstofa appticadon ot aoch provtekine. tier procedure tar claiming psiraenf and 
what may be cleaned to the Jurtsdtttons in which they ere resident - 
tar such tax crook. 

M ^ WwtoRavemw has confirmed ttwthxefl retevirt periods to 31 stDaewnber; 

- I985tta appartkxenent of moame and annuel peymenf provisions contained 
to Schedute 18 to me Finance Act 1972 wff not be qppBed to too Company, m 
adtfltmn. me Ofrectare ta ve been advtead tint no tneterielBaOWy for capital tiansfer 
tax ta Italy to fafl upon tta Company. 

10. Wfarideg capitaL 

The Dkectors ara of the nphtion thm. taking Into account tiw bank farSttes aveiabto 
to tiw Group, tta Group Ondudtag NSQ wifl have suffident working capital lor Its 
present raqreramentSL 

Tta DiMt ter Sew A ree etiw u aanai ta vtenaBMtt^ ^M^g^ jy* ^ .3 

rega^tekGrota endtite ataw of 


moect of ewiam fiebteias a ussy meur in taspae of tea Ofter tef « m mm 

v^OTtwreateo »ii i» ili>ta tosidwsM*y»wCanttanyepdittMtt *»tta a kirsao ig 

tcwi*teF ta». 

fach rt ti» Itetdbre tas egread ftsff Brttar ta nor Jw teawamtiteWtePKIta. 

f*MS stares wax® *w 

dteposaef any fafftar ordmary staraipncno 

Coottwiy » b* bate in «» wttna tta jure ««« oonaret a* Sfitaodif* 

S' Btocte( l H«ntiyhhireflwtateK> t »repaeiia«aMmt hM<k tite fttones jitiB 

tta isaueofmw {facumamvdP the wtaiwoB re gws'.ne me and re port antr 

refera«eetiwra» in th* tana «»(! context mwhk-uUtejiUteai 
M 'TtaeccouttaOfC8QVgteysaraertteo31«D *taa^ .^te19gttctaJ W i 

and of the Creteteny to th* penod entted 3T»* DeosaieL 1*63 J«1 flte taro 
yeare » 3TB OaescttSLi96S nfka ms tare beta tt tateid by Garter Hureyn. 

. ownwed Aaxxjnnnss. Ths acaxxxs of NBI iar tee parted tMMSMMnh. 

J9S3. JM jMf* tiooeti 31 » t« tad 085 a^meeMarortta to 3m 
Deoanbec t385 ware audited by MficntaMreorf- ^^ri areff ^c wuctsrts. Mm» 
accourtshadimqoskfted aodtt rapons rnthtta axQapSonof titaeccaatsofths 
Compwfor tiw ywarsndsd 31st Decswbet 1964. The q rrteficeB O n itea teU 3 

to a writ which ftfid been re e reswffqfa»dta«tetiyoHtaOomptenta«agRg " 

negbgence and {taming: tamagaavitiMgMfreffta rettadurreteetettro*alaf 

the eoedants and tee ewangof tta aHteore'reoarL eo fonaeiqmenflcnan'of 
the ctakruwfsca was aemgeontenea had bean rscwved TheeudWors' report to 
- tMaaxxate was uutef s rl aa&mogsreijact to any ia teteyettiCBBvgnr arise 
' under tta dakaSnce then. 8teCMxntew beta tafflta vrthout attererete Of 
ktbUy wd tta tawaaaf eflao d tire has been dee* »rth m tito Accacntanta' 

Report to «sm Ltetingnmatara. Hi# Anreaar RepoRwi tetretere 

Id Hi* oaatesmfaxpnsss of. endwcxtentatia. test Ofter ter Sew. toefottagfoe 
com re te* appbattw ter areng cflh* otaram m opm of n» Corapary. 
accountancy fees and tiw Companv'* tad aenrouers' teg* tees. lM costs of 
printing and aorertttngte* Otter IraStai. ttw teed Art* adtetae* of tiw 
. RacafvmgBankar*awdRagtewr*andttte » isa a i s ipiaa m iie xs w 4te y (ite a 
^Schrcxtere atatteanev* 6 Ca by lit Ocnptttv are. apamned to emaonLia 
£9^200 foxektave or WT)- 7b* wta rererai y r toon of 'ii'l v uj a fitt C ite i m e 
. too amounte to £238280 (evefo ttre re tiWX ' 

(d Tta Otta tor Sate to mata by Sctxad*»s.12DCta«p«Kte, London EC2VB06e 

member of the tewing House* A—octeaotr 
M Sk fWwrdBekar VWjtawm.»Dirac»orOf BWComp*fi)ite*dkeeiorof 
Schrooars whtch w* be raeapteg fi Me fraterred to m paragraph vt above) 
m cormaoion «tite tiw Dfta tar Gtia. >te teitiM Osmshb re joetatewiteHitRient 
Dust on* of me VMKfore ratemea m m peognph 12 above, 
p) Hie ootewy stare* new bang ottered for sate wffberagteterecLfrM of tinp -3 
duty andreg)enticnteeB.totoeaMie*«f tbesucoreafreaepeartsorthe 
peaon* in whose tavoor Lattere M AcoepanceB* d u ly re no u n c ed, provided 
titeLtoc«ea»ofreBuncteai MV ie l te i* reAc u e ia en M jdBiy rnmp te tei lto 
ac cowa nce wsh Bw msaucaorei co n ia m ea pwram ) ere lodged for reg wm on 
by 3 pup. mSabhJene. IBM. ta apwta teted—ta— — wtiftatadta Bl te ff 
. an 18th Mg. 1986 

(g) Any dwfcjandon tta onttney stare* bepeef to teOMtieideni of etaniry 

snare* cm tiw regater re m e m ber s op tiw record dn let such deadend who 
"tare not waived tieer enetjemert Mwreto. So* raoaM date mfi narmasy b* 
abort see week* before tta date of prereeal 

89 Ttaflnancafirttanneiion re teflri g totiw CuMtt tay a n d CBQaed thee srtwittanse 
end » NBI mduded to tie r c toorw e n t ik iee co t rep reee m foaeccounts wxJvo 
- tta meaning rt SacaoB2S5re to* Co xyta ti * *011986 Ftetraoup accounts of 
CBG. on whwh to* wdeore gave un q urt fi ta report*, btai be en d^e e e ij to 
tta Registrar of Companies « raapKC at die y*B* ended 31 sf DeceriX»nS80 
gave uncuaeted reports, save tor (w arredtea io# tea yar andad 3fa 
Deoeiatat 1984. h s ie be ta deterere d so te» Ttefl W W of Compertee m raspwa cl 
tire Darted ended SlsrDeeeeteac 1983 aM tire yeera ended 3ler Decamtat 
' T9Kata 1986 FUlaoeDtate of NBf.onwhch tiia aadoora gave caiquaMad repens 
tarn berm, or w« be. rtekwres to fit* Aegtetrer rti CtampeiM* a napaa ol (ta 
. penod endsd3lBMttCiL- 1983, tea jobs anted 3M Mash, 1984 wvi 1985 
ana too rtno months to 3i« DaooteteK, T986 
A Hwre has been no sroniiicart change nltafeancial or (ratting postoon of tiw 

Group smoe 31 st Deoerntac 1986. tea rtete 10 wtech tiw tetestautasd 
acco unts were made i*fc. . 

14. Docrmwuts tor inspertitin - 

. Copteeo(ttataloe» n gdoaeiwrtse»yta m *pec«>arettaonoeaof5teaQnterand 

May; 35 Bestni^tea Sheet. Londad-BS, durmg use* badness bom or any weekday 
(Searday* and pubic haadm«trepta8 ter ■ penal re T4 days fotkamg me itete 

(0 tiwMan xmi n dixi i end Arectesol Aiaooebcwretta Oompsrvp - 

tne Me ttl ed co rwoid a ladeoctiuflte of BwCoapiy and tta su taitartes for me 

Tiin anrtert Tin Ptnrnfrrr Tttfll wvl «°e*- ' 

M tte eudBedeccoortt of N8« tor tta year* ended 3tBMercB,TW4 and i9» artt 
tta reda mooths aodedGUl IMk i9B5c . 
tta report of Bfnder1te n kpB.C ta >wredA cc o u eia rtai ereopfhwe m toge th er 
vntfittieirsteie resrt eree UBSti rw nte. 

M thentar rantag » *w CtatiM aamerGsosp Esscutta 9haia Option Scheme. 
ftaChtaw Baacer 3a»ei g*4T e te ie d Stare OpeonSctaiae and tta That Deed 
conebtoting tiw Ctariaa Bariter Group San Scheme referred to abovet 
W tea Directtre' setwee egteemann refit rad to above; 

(vfO tW rneteriafoortraas re lane d toitxw Ksnd 

(W) tta wntten oonsam reterre d to a b ort. 

Iktit May; 1988 'v • 

tta aomisatta of tiw wbola ol tiw oKftvy Bnr* eop4B of tta Company; 

' tesuad and « tw osuad. so tta Ofiktel bet of Tta Store Exchanga and itton 
sucnsomteBtan beccrettgrttecerem accordance retft Stock Ekdiange 
rules no teter Own ktirjHw. 1986 If fottrodare iqaarete titojQfler ta Sate 
Agriaawntte p ccoro a noewtaesM— .te»j|Wdcoirt»otrtlta>»aftfc 3 , ; i 
rere»lfltaw(tetxrilwbrtyLApp>tation m o p artwWtarePwwttOypiy[yipoui 
Merayt mtaUtmrsk u(«wparaonM enkM Awreto)^ j 

doea not iwco re a aff ecbreby,titadarreffi^itil b *Mid ri ooair»ari6iw tiw 
■* . reearanw. r wafpa reteni Oby Psr cfty BtetoKR.Thit 'iJ ie n i w a c c Orattf ^ r ■ 

‘ W •• Schrodera res a iisi thewgftt'to rojea at p tf df i B fcgaft dtwftv ' iiAy 

s i tt »r wk d ri an6lrip*rtctitet iix4i^i te l u i dM s ff lii f<6 B nf(ttj i L e nu i< ~ 
andtoprMentfOtp e ypwnfenycta<tteereb arte e rs~ ittrettieceirfed.hapy - 
• a r x«fiaD o n is nor accepted xiwhcte or w pt or a scaled oawg. 8w 

appticatioo money* or. as tiw case may bw tile oatesoe thereof, writ ta returned 
(wfibortlrtereel) by sonteng 81a appareor* ctaque or ureters' draft or 
a crossed ctaqreptsxo«r of me appec artt sTtororiqti tiw post « the mk of 
the persons) ontitteef thereto. 

(O Preference w* be given to appicBk»M PietarerMAppaatian Forms 

received from eraptoyeesof tee Company or any of Ri subskSeries for ar 
aggregate maximum of 502J08 ordnary Maras (10 per cert, of tta otorwry 
stares now tatog oftereo tor srts). to tiw event tiw woess appkeattons 
are recstved from e m ploye e* , tiw basraof ataeaacn among ttamwflta 
determined by tiw Dtmdor* after oc n su tan onwim Schroder*, feompjeaon of a 
Wrofw eutte lAppIc atl on Form does nttprecMM nidi parsons from Bio 
comptating tiw Applcation Form attactwrL 
; (d ) By comptamg and dekvererg re Appficatxxi Form, you (as tiw aptAcro ti s )) 

W ofter to purchase (ha namlwr of otarwry stares to tiw Company 

. speOflad m your Applcation Form (or sudr vmsiter number tar 
vMch yow appactoon a accepted} on and sufafta to itw terms end 
condUon* set out neram (of whicn the Procedure for Application 
forms pert) nxf to tiw toting Stariicuters relating to the Company dated 
14te May; T986(Bw listing Pirecutemwid sulked *0 the 
Msmorandun Bto Artidee re Assoctetion of the Corittiny. 

W auteoriM Bardym Bank PLC to send a Latter of Acceptance tar me 
number of onfinary stares tar wfich your apptttatxm is accepted 
anq/or * mesad ctaqoe for any money leumnabte by pool at me risk 
of the pereonjs) entfited thereto, to yow adores* (or mat of tiw flrsHwnMd 
MPflcem) as set ore to your Appflc w o n Form and to procure tfat your 
name, togemer with the nanw(s) of any other joint appecertW, w/are pteoed 
on tiw Ragteter of Members of the Gompeny m respect of such ordmary 
■tares tea e w itte nrt ti to which ta* not taan duly renomced; 

W agree tert. in considaratioh of Scbrodam agneemg that «w* not pnor 
to *ft tone. 1 888 sell any of flw ordkwy stares which we the 
stajoct of tha Otfer tar Sale to any person other titan by means of the 
procedures referred to In ties document your appdestion camot 
- • be revoMdona after am June. 1966 and that titis paragraph stall 

constitute a cottars! contract between you and Scfntters which - 

wm become tinting upon despatch by post to or. as tiw case may tw. 

reertpt by Barclays BStfi PLC^ftwr.tseuw OepanmenL of your: 

A p pBc aa on Form; 

.'W. warrant ttatyaurrembiHncs vrittbehoaauredon'flrreoreaeritatton; 

(*) agree Diet any- taUK of Aecsptssxw u wweb iDuresy becormsoOtted 
and any moneys nHumrtM to you may be reamed py Barclays 
-- Bank PLC pattttag ctearance ofyour r emda n ce: ~ 

(vf) warrant tint no otiiar appteauon has been made by you cron Trour 
behalf on en Appfcedon Form evattabte ter ose by tta general . 

M) agree that ki respect of thaae ontitary sharaai for wfveh your appfc t ion 
fits been received and tt not refected, acceptance of your 
app touion ataB be conetihaed. at me election of Schroder*, ettner by. 
notification to Tta 8ex*Exmanga of itw basw of ettocaaon (in wtneft case 
ac ceptance shag ba on that basis) or by the der an t xneu on of me number 

re ontewy shares for which your appOcation ti accepted pirsuttit 

to tiw arrangements mode between Schroder* and Bardays Bank PLG 
(v«) ayee that afl appecauons. acc e pt an ces of apptcatxma arel uo nt r ac ts 
resufong therefrom under tha Offer for Bale statt be governed by 
and construed to atxxxt te noa wtth EngSsn lew: 

M. warrant that, if you sign tiw Appkcaaon Form on behalf re somebody 
etee w on batatf re a corptxation, you have the eutiwrity io do so: 

W pwarm tea t m mekk i g yexg app Sce ti on you are not rafylng on any 
information tor representation ki rotation to tha Company ta any of 
Its present or proposed eubsrtiarws otfwr man soars* may ta 

.contained in the Listing Pardndaraano you eccoiainghr agree tRB 

no parson reaponalbta wotaty or |0in(iy tar the' Listing Rarecutara or any 
part thereof atafi have any habHity tar any sudt other mtormanon 

*■*, ,.. s . 

(e) No person receiving a copy of tta Listing Rerttcutere, or en Aafttaaon Fonn, 

tosnywrHoqr other ttan tiw Unted Kktgdora nay tnser ths asm* as 
POMtitefhg an (mntaaon a- offer to IML nor ihait ha in any event um such 

form rakes*. In tiw relevant territory, such an inwittuon or otfer couto 
tewfofly tw made to wm and auch form oared lawfully be used without 
centra.— oion of any regtshaeon or oewr legal requnmients. H a the 

end paying any wsu*. tienetor or extar texee due «i such territory. 

W ta *' tha ?* rma ** condwona may tie altered 

»» «° beconslswnfwfth me Offer for Sate Agreement 

te»me san amay be aUeretffrom tsae totinw w accoroancew^Mtorma). 

(9) Photocoptea of Application Forms wfl not tw accepted m any eveumstenes* 
^^Cagtegreitoialiftolte rec Bte re ^A nn i caftnti RiBaMireeyi^ ^ ii ^ri 
“ l “ 4 ^ Lk ** 1 ' ca««-*etL. • : 

London EC2R7AN 











from tta fblov^g txanemn cti Barctey* Bonk PLG 

Nwtoiwpepenmert. ... 1 Ruo«i*w forrace, Abeideen ^ 

JSfiSL. OGCdmoreRow Binelngham T \ . 

- « Co" Street V“' 

MSl Andrew Square. Etanburgh 

London EC4A4HO . 90 Sl Vmeent Street Oasgow 

4 Water StreeL Liverpool . - 

„ ^ _ 17 fork Street Mondttotor 

and rrqm the foflowing offices of ctartes Barker PLG > 

Fsmngdon Street, London EC34A 4EA V ^ 



- p 

v S.' .. 

WRwtend Square. Bdmburgh ^ 

^4 Vtost George Street Gfasgcnr 

«Mnte Houee. WBntam Road. Cttorttoiva«i4foiidy, Mmchesta 

^^^^JLgwReport May 16 1986 Honse of Lords 

Attempting the impossible is a crime 




of St 

Regina v Shirpmi 
Before Lord Haifcham w . 
Maryltbone. Lord Chancellor 

Lord Elurya-Jones, Lord 
Scarman, Lord Bridge of Har- 
wich and Lord Mackay of 

[Speeches sold May IS] 

A person committed an of- 
forice under section 1 of the 
Criminal Attempts Act 1981 

where, if the facts bad been as he 
bad believed them to be, the full 
offence would have been 
committed by him, even though 
on the true fects. the offence 
which be set out to commit was 
in law impossible. 

Accordingly, the decision of 
tbe House of Lords to contrary 
effect in Andenon v Ryan (The 
rimer May 13, 198S; [1985] AC 
560) was wrongly deckled and 
would be departed from under 
the Practice Statement (Judicial 
[[1966] 1 WLR 

Tbe House of Lords so held in 
dismissing an appeal by Pyare 
Sbrvpuri from the order of the 
.Court of Appeal (Criminal Di- 
vision) (The Times November 
6 r 1 984; [1985] 1 QB 1029) 
dismissing his appeal against 
conviction on counts of 
attempting to be knowingly 
concerned in dealing with and 
harbouring a controlled drug the 
importation of which was 
prohibited, contrary to section 
1(1) of the 1981 Act and section 
I70(JXb) of the Customs and 
Excise Management Act 1979. 

The appellant had been ar- 
rested carrying a package be had 
brought from India which be 
believed to contain either heroin 
or cannabis. When scientifically 
analysed the package was found 
to contain not a controlled drug 
but snuff or some similar harm- 
less vegetable matter. 

Mr David Christie for the 
appellant; Mr Alan Suckling, 
QC and Mr Tony Docking for 
the Crown. 

what would a jury make of his 
defence that he believed it to be 
metbylphenidate (Class B) or 
methaqualone (Class Q? 

. Pari lament clearly appre- 
ciated the difficulty they would 
create if it were necessary to 
prove not only the fact of 
possession of a drug of a 
particular class, but also guilty 
knowledge that the drug was of 
that class. 

Under section 28(3) of the 
■°71 Act the only mens rea 
required for the offence of 
possessing a drug in any speci- 
fied class was knowledge that it 
was a controlled drug. 

On the other hand the drug- 
related importation of prohib- 
ited goods offences, now the 
subject of section 170 of the 

LORD BRIDGE said that it 
would be convenient to consider 
the meaning of "knowingly 
concerned” in section 1 70(1 Kb) 
of tbe 1979 Act, 

Section 170 created three 
distinct offences in relation to 
the importation of prohibited 
goods according to the category 
ofgoods in relation to which the 
offence was committed. 

Theimporiaiion of Class A or 
B drugs under the Misuse of 
Drugs Act 1971 attracted a 
maximum sentence of 14 years’ 
imprisonment. Class C attracted 
five years and any other cate- 
gory of prohibited goods two 

If each of the three offences 
involved proof of a different 
element as part of tbe actus reus, 
that is, importation of the 
appropriate category of prohib- 
ited goods, it followed, it was 
submitted, that "knowingly” 
connoted a corresponding mens 
rea , knowledge of the importa- 
tion of goods in the appropriate 

If that submission was right, 
the task of the prosecution in 
proving an offence nj nebtionio 
the importation. jof prohibited ' 
tfeugs would in many casa be - 
rendered virtually impossible. 

Ifa man were accused ofbeing 
knowingly concerned in ' the 
importation of 

methyldesoTphine (Class AX 

Act, were not made subject 
to section 28(3) or any other 
provision of like effect. 

The only possible explanation 
was that the 1971 Act bad been 
drafted on tbe footing that R v 
Hussain ([1969] 2 QB 567) 
made any such provision un- 
necessary; itestablished that the 
only mats n «.< necessary for 
proof of any such offence was 
knowledge that the goods were 
subject to a ‘prohibition on 

R v Hussain had effectively 
been adopted and endorsed by 
tbe legislature and thus re- 
mained good law. 

The certified question de- 
pended on the true construction 
of the Criminal Attempts Act 

Tbe first question to be agfced 
was whether the appellant in- 
tended to receive and store 
(harbour) and in due course pass 
on to third parties (deal with) 
packages of heroin or cannabis 
which he knew had been smug- 
gled into England from India? 
The answer was that he did. 

Next, did he in relation to 
each, offence, do an act which 
was more than merely prepara- 
tory to the commission of the 

Tbe act relied on in relation to 
harbouring was the receipt and 
retention of the packages; in 
relation to dealing, H was meet- 
ing the intended recipient. 

in each case the act was 
clearly more than preparatory to 
the commission of the intended 
offence; it was not and could not 
be more than merely prepara- 
tory to the commission of the 
actual offence, because the feels 
were such that it was impossible. 

Did the "act which is more 
than merely preparatory to the 
commission of the offence” in 
section l(l)(the deter reus of the 
statutory offence of attempt) 
require any more than an act 
which was more than merely 
preparatory to the commission 
of the offence which the defen- 
dant intended to commit? 

Section 1(2) indicated a neg- 
ative answer; if it were other- 
wise. whenever the facts were 
such that the commission of tbe 
actual offence was impossible, it 
would be impossible to prove an 
act more than merely prepara- 
tory to ihe commission of that 
offence and subsections ( 1 ) and' 
(2) would contradict each other. 

■- The appellant was, 1 on that 
analysis, rightly convicted. But 
coukl that conclusion stand with 
Andenon v RyaiO There, the 
appellant was charged with an 
attempt to handle stolen goods 

She bought a video recorder 
believing it to be stolen: it was 
not. By a majority the House 
decided she was entitled to be 

His Lordship had re-exam- 
ined the case with care. If be 
could extract from the speech of 
Lord Roskill or his own a clear 
and coherent principle 
distinguishing those cases of 
attempting tbe - impossible 
which amounted to offences 
under me statute from those 
which did nou he would have to 
consider carefully on which side 
or tbe line the instant case fclL 
But he could not. 

If their Lordships fell into 
error in Andenon r Ryan, their 
concern was to avoid convic- 
tions in cases which most 
people, as a matter of common 
sense, would not regard as 
involving criminality. 

It was to be regretted that due 
note was not taken of paragraph 
2.97 of the Law Commission’s 
report on attempts (1980 No 
>02) which preceded tide enact- 
ment of the 1981 Act. which 

"If it, is right hi principle that 
an attempt should be chargeable 
even though the crime . . . could 
-not possibly be .committed, we 
do not think that we should be 
deterred by the consideration 
that such a change in our law 
would also cover some extreme 
and exceptional cases in which a 
prosecution would be theoreti- 
cally possible. 

"An example would be where 
a person is offered goods at such 
a low price that he believes they 
are stolen when in feet they are 
not: if he actually purchases 
them ... be would be liable for 
an attempt to handle stolen 
goods . . . 

"If A takes his own umbrella, 
mistaking it for one belongjogto 
B and intending to steal B’s 
umbrella . ... he would in theory' 
be. guilty. . but in neither case 
would it be realistic to suppose 
that a complaint would be made 
or that a prosecution would 

Tbe prosecution in Andenon v 
Ryan itself falsified the 
commission’s prognosis in one 
of the "extreme and exceptional 
cases”. It nevertheless probably 
held good for other such 

However, the distinction be- 

His Lordship was led to the 
conclusion that Andenon 
Ryan could not be distin- 
guished. He had made clear his 
own conviction, which as 
party to the decision he was the 
readier to express, that the 
decision was wrong. 

Was it permissible to depart 
from precedent under the 1966 
Practice Statement, uot 
withstanding the especial need 
- for certainly in the criminal law? 
The following considerations 
led bis Lordship to answer that 
question affirmatively. 

First, he was undeterred that 
Andenon v Ryan was so recent. 
The Practice Statement was an 
effective abandonment of the 
House's pretention to rafellibil- 
ity. If a serious error embodied 
in a derision of the House had 
distorted the law, tbe sooner it 
was corrected the better. 

Second, one could not 
how. in the very nature of the 
case, anyone could have acted in 
reliance on the law as pro- 
pounded in Andenon v Ryan in 
the belief that he was acting 
innocently and now find that, 
after all. -’be was to be held to 
have committed a criminal 

. Third, to hold the House 
bound to follow Andenon 
Ryan because it could not be 
distinguished and allow the 
appeal would be tantamount to 
a declaration that the (981 Act 
left the law of criminal attempts 
unchanged following the. de- 
rision in R v Smith (Roger) 
([1975] AC 476). 

Finally, if, contrary to his 
Lordship’s present view, there 
was a-valid ground on which it 
would be proper to distinguish 
cases similar to that considered 
in Andenon v Ryan, bis present 
opinion on that point would not 
foreclose the option of making 
such a distinction in future 
His Lordship could not con- 
dude without disclosing that he 
had had tbe advantage of read- 
ing an article by Professor 
Glanville Williams "The Lords 
and Impossible Attempts, or 
Quit Custodier Ipsos CustodedT' 

(1 1 986] CU 33). 

The language in which he 
criticized Andenon v Ryan was 
not conspicuous for its modera- 
tion, but it would be foolish, on 
that account, not to recognize 
the force of the criticism and 

tween acts which were “objec- 

tively innocent” and those nol . t 9 3< * n °,^ < ^ gc , th ^ 

ich nnt Bn»nMwniiii asstttawe bis Lordship had 

innocent” and those 
which were not, was an essential 
element in the reasoning in 
Andenon r. Rvdn and the de- 
cision. unless it could be, sup- 
ported on some other ground, 
had to stand or fell by the 
validity of that distinction. - 
Any attempt to commit an 
offence which involved "an act 
which was more than merely 
prepaiatonr to the commission 
of the offence” but for any 
reason felled, so that in tbe 
event no offence was commit- 
ted, had to be exhypoihesL from 
the point of view of the criminal 
law, be "objectively innocent”. 

What turned what would 
otherwise be an innocent act 
inioacrime wqs the intent bfthe 
actor to commit- an offence. . ... 

- -The -distinction -sought uv be 
drawn;' itf Andenon v Ryan 

derived from iL 

CELLOR, concurring, added 
that even if he had not been able 
to inter Andenon v Ryan by 
using the Practice Statement, he 
would still have dismissed (he 
appeal by distinguishing it from 
tbe instant case. 

His reasoning would have 
been that the appellant was 
guilty on the clear wording of 
section 1(1) and (2) and that no 
recourse was therefore necessary 
to section 1(3). 

Whether or not Andenon v 
Ryan was correctly decided, one 
had to go to section l<3) to 
decide whether Mrs Ryan bad 
.'rommiaed a criminal attempt 
. . Lord Dwyn,-Jones and Lord 
Mackay agreed with the Lord 

betWOen innocent and 0ufliyaciS'‘ fc, ® ,a, * c *ll9 r ^ or l^ Scarman 

considered objectively and in- agreed with Lord Bridge, 
dependent^ of the state of mind Solicitors: Francis & Co, 

of the actor could, not be Cambridge; Solicitor, Customs 
sensibly maintained. & Excise. 

European Law Report 


Case for sex bias in arming the police 

J ▼ Chief Constable Royal 
Ulster Constabulary 
Case 222/84 

Before Lord Mackenzie Stuart. 
President and Judges T. 
Koopmans. U. Everting. K. 
Bahlmann. R. Joliet. O. Due. V. 
GalmoL C N. Ka (courts and T. 
F. O’ Higgins 

Advocate General M-Darmon 
(Opinion given January 28) 
[Judgment given May 15] 

A national provision might not 
allow the authorities of a mem- 
ber state to deprive an individ- 
ual of the possibility of asserting 
by judicial process the rights 
conferred by a directive. 

In a situation characterized by 
serious internal disturbances the 
context of certain policing activ- 
ities might be such that the sex 
of police officers constituted a 
determining factor for carrying 
them out. 

Because of the high number of 
police officers assassinated in 
Northern Ireland overa number 
of years, tbe Chief Constable of 
the RUC decided that in the 
RUC and the RUC Reserve, 
men should carry firearms 
women would not and would 
not receive training in handling 
and use of firearms. 

Mrs J had been a member of 
the RUC full-time Reserve from 
1974 to 1980. She had efficiently 
performed the general duties of 
a uniformed police officer in the 
police station. She was not 
armed when carrying out those 
duties and was ordinarily 
accompanied on duties outside 
the police station by an armed 
male officer. 

In 1980 tbe Chief Constable 
decided that the number of 
women in the RUC was suf- 
ficient for the particular tasks 
generally assigned to women 
officers. General police duties 
which frequently involved the 
carrying ot firearms, should no 
longer be assigned to women 
and he derided not to offer or 
renew any more contracts for 
women in the RUC full-time 
Reserve.The Chief Constable 
refused to renew Mrs J’s con- 
tract because of that change in 

Mrs J lodged an application 
with tbe Industrial Tribunal of 
Northern Ireland challenging 
the refusal to renew her contract 
and to give her training in the 
handling of firearms. 

She contended that she had 
suffered unlawful discrimina- 
tion prohibited by the Sex 
Discrimination Order (North- 
ern Ireland) 1976. and by Coun- 
cil Directive No 76/207 

Before tbe industrial tribunal 
the Chief Constable produced a 
certificate, issued by tbe sec- 
retary of state, which certified, 
in accordance with article S3 of 
the Sex Discrimination Order, 
that "the act consisting of the 
refusal of the RUC to offer 
further foil-time employment to 
Mrs J in the RUC Reserve was 
done for the purpose of (a) 
safeguarding national security; 
and (b) protecting public safety 
and public order”. 

.Article 53(1) of the Order 

provided rhat a "certificate 
signed by or on behalf of the' 
secretary of state and certifying 
that an act specified in the 
certificate was done for a pur- 
pose mentioned in paragraph ( 1 > 
shall be conclusive evidence 
that it was done for that 

The Chief Constable acknowl- 
edged before the industrial tri- 
bunal that, of all of the 
provisions in the Sex 
Discrimination Order, only arti- 
. de 53 could justify; his position. 
Mrs J relied upon the pro- 
visions of lhe directive in order 
to have the effect of article 53 set 

In order to be able to rule on 
that dispute the industrial tri- 
bunal referred questions to the 
Court of Justice of the European 
Communities for a preliminary 

The European Court of Jus- 
tice held: 

Right to judicial remedy 
By virtue of article 6 of 
Directive No 76/207 all persons 
had the right to obtain an 
effective remedy in a competent 
court against measures which 
they considered to be- contrary 
to the principle of equal treat- 
ment for men and women laid 
down in that directive. 

A provision which, like article 
53(2) of the Sex Discrimination 
Order, required a certificate 
such as the one in question in 
the present case to be treated as 
conclusive evidence that the 
conditions for derogating from 
the principle of equal treatment 
were fulfilled, allowed the com- 
petent authority to deprive an 
individual of the possibility of 
asserting by judicial process the 
rights conferred by the directive. 

Such a provision was there- 
fore contrary to the principle of 
effective judicial control laid 
down in article 6. 

Applicability of Directive No 
76/207 to public safety 

The only articles in which the 
Treaty provided for derogations 
applicable in situations which 
might involve public safety were 
articles 36. 48. 56. 223 and 224 
which dealt with exceptional 
and clearly defined cases. 

The application of the prin- 
ciple of equal treatment for men 
and women was not subject to 
any general reservation as re- 
garded measures taken on the 
ground of the protection of 
public safety, apart from the 
possible application of article 
224“ of the Treaty which con- 
cerned a . wholly exceptional 

The fects which induced the 
competent authority to invoke 
the need to proud public safety 
were, therefore, if necessary-, to 
be taken into consideration in 
the context of the application of 
the specific provisions of the 

Occupational derogations 
The decision of the police 
authorities in Northern Ireland 
to arm the police did not in itself 
involve any discrimination be- 
tween men and women and was. 
therefore, outside the scope of 

provided that none or its pro- principle ofequal treatment. 
wcL*.. MkiUiiwi - - It was only to so -far as the 

visions prqhjbi ting discrimina^ 
lion “shall render unlawful an 
act done for the purpose of 
safeguarding national security 

public order” while article 53(2) 

Chief Constable had. decided 
that women would not be armed 
or trained in the use of 11 rearms, 
that genera] policing duties 
would in future be carried out 
only by armed male officers and 

that contra cis of women in the 
RUC fiill-iimc Reserve who. 
like Mrs J. had previously been 
entrusted with general policing 
duties, would not be renewed, 
that an appraisal of those mea- 
sures in the light of the pro- 
visions of the directive was 

The policy towards women in 
the RUC full-time Reserve was 
adopted by the Chief Constable 
because he considered, inter, 
aha. that if women were armed 
they might become a more 
frequent target for assassination 
and their weapons could fall 
into the hands of their assailants 
and that the public would not 
welcome the carrying of fire- 
arms by women. 

The reasons which the Chief 
Constable thus gave for his 
policy were related to the special 
conditions in which the police 
had to work in Northern 

In that regard, the possibility 
could not be excluded that in a 
situation characterized by seri- 
ous internal disturbances the 
carrying of firearms by police- 
women might create additional 
risks of their being assassinated 
and might, therefore, be con- 
trary to the requirements of 
public safely. 

In such circumstances, the 
context of certain policing activ- 
ities might be such that the sex 
of police officers constituted a 
determining factor 

If that were so. a member 
state might, therefore, restrict 
such work, and the training 
leading thereto, to men. 

In determining the scope of 
any derogation from an individ- 
ual right such as the equal 
treatment of men and women 
provided for by the directive, 
the principle of proportionality, 
one of the general principles of 
law underlying the Community 
legal order, was to be observed. 

By reason of the division of 
jurisdiction provided for in 
article 177 of the EEC Treaty, it 
was for the national court to 
ensure that the principle of 
proportionality was observed 
and to determine whether the 
refusal to renew Mrs J’s contract 
could not be avoided by allocat- 
ing to women duties which, 
without jeopardizing the aims 
pursued, could be performed 
without firearms. 

Protection of women 

Like article 2(2) of the direc- 
tive. article 2(3). which also 
determined the scope of article 
3(2Xc). was to be interpreted 
strictly. U was dear from the 
express reference to pregnancy 
and maternity that the directive 
was intended to protect a 
woman's biological condition 
and the special relationship 
which existed between a woman 
and her child. 

That provision of the direc- 
tive did not therefore allow 
women to be excluded from a 
certain type of employment on 
the ground that public opinion 
demanded that women be given 
greater protection than men 
against risks which affected men 
and women in the same way and 
which- were- .distinct from 
women's .specific needs .of 
protection. siich as those ex- 
pressly mentioned. 

It did not appear that the risks 
and dangers to which women 
were exposed when performing 
their duties in the police force in 

a situation such as existed in 
Northern Ireland were different 
from those to which any man 
was also exposed when perform- 
ing the same duties. 

A total exclusion of women 
from such an occupational 
activity which, owing to a 
general risk not specific to 
women, was imposed for rea- 
sons of public safety was not one 
of the differences in treatment 
that article 213) of the directive 
allowed out of a concern to 
protect women. 

On those grounds, the Court 

1 The principle of effective 
judicial control laid down in 
article 6 of Council Directive 
No 76/207 or February 9. 1 976 
did not allow a certificate issued 
by a national authority slating 
that the conditions for derogat- 
ing from the principle of equal 
treatment for men and women 
for the purposes of protecting 
public safety were satisfied to be 
treated as conclusive evidence 
so as to exclude the exercise of 
any power of review by the 
courts. The provision contained 
in article 6 to the effect that all 
persons who considered them- 
selves wronged by discrimina- 
tion between men and women 
were to have an effective ju- 
dicial remedy might be relied 
upon by individuals as against a 
member state which had not 
ensured that it was fully im- 
plemented in its internal legal 

2 Acts of sex discrimination 
done for reasons related to the 
protection of public safety were 
to be examined in the light of the 
derogations from the principle 
or equal treatment for men and 
u-omen which were laid down in 
Directive No 76/207 

3 Article 2(2) of Directive No 
76/207 was to be interpreted as 
meaning that in deciding 
whether, by reason of the con- 
text in which the activities of the 
police officer were earned out. 
the sex of the officer constituted 
a determining factor for that 
occupational activity, a member 
state might take into consid- 
eration requirements of public 
safety in order to restrict general 
policing duties, in an internal 
situation characterized by fre- 
quent assassinations, to men 
equipped with firearms. 

4 The differences in treatment 
between men and women that 
article 2(3) of Directive No 
76/207 allowed out of a concern 
to protect women did not 
include risks and dangers, such 
as those to which any armed 
police officer was exposed in the 
performance of his duties in a 
given situation, that did not 
specifically affect women as 

5 individuals might claim the 
application, as against a State 
authority charged with the 
maintenance of public order and 
safety acting in its capccity as 
employer, of the principle of 
equal treatment for men and 
women laid down in article 2( I ) 
of Directive No 76/207 to the 
matters referred to in articles 
3(1) and 4(1} concerning the 
condition^ for access to posts 
and lo vocational training in 
order io have a derogation from 
that principle contained in na- 
tional legislation set aside in so 
far as it exceeded the limits of 
the exceptions permitted by 
article 2(2). 



CHARLES BARKER PLC Application Form 


Offer for Sale by J. Henry Schroder Vtegg & Co. 
United of 5.027.085 ordinary shares of 5p each in 
Charles Barker PLC at I50p per share, payable 
in full on application 




1 Insert in Box 1 (in figures) the number of ordinary shares 
for which you ere applying. Applications must be for a 
minimum of 200 ordinary shares or in one of the foSowfng 

• for not more than 1.000 shares, in multiples of 200 shares 
• for more than 1,000 shares, but not more than 5,000 shares, 
in multiples of 500 shares 

• tor more than 5,000 shares, but not more than 10,000 shares, 
in multiples of 1.000 shares 

• for more than 10,000 shares, but not more than 50,000 shares, 
in multiples of 5.000 shares 

• for more than 50,000 shares, in multiples of 10.000 shares 

2 Insert to Box 2 On figures) the amount of your cheque or 
bankers’ draft 


No. of shares you Amount you 

are applying for should pay 

200 £300 

1.000 £L500 

5.000 £7.500 

10.000 £15,000 

50.000 £75,000 

3 Sign and date the Application Form in Box 3. 

The Application Form may be signed by someone else on 
your behalf (and/or on behaff of any joint applicants)), if duly 
authorised to do so. but the powerfs) of attorney must be enclosed 
for inspection. A corporation should sign under the hand of a 
duly authorised official whose representative capacity must be 

. insert your fuO name and address in BLOCK CAPITALS in 
4 BOX 4. 

C foil must phi a single cheque or bankers’ draft to the 
O completed Application Form, four cheque or bankers’ 
draft must be made payable to “Barclays LtankPLC- 
amount payable on application inserted m Box 2 and should be 
crossed “Not Negotiable— Charles Barker”. 

No reoelptwiH be issued for this payment, which must be solely . 

for this application. 

four cheque or bankers’ draft must be drawn In sterling on an 
account at a branch [which must be in the United Kingdom, the 
Channel islands or the Isle of Man) of a bank which is either a 
member of Cheque and Credit Clearing Company Limited or 
the Committee of Scottish dealing Bantareor which has 
arranged for cheques and bankers drafts to be presented 

fou must send the completed Application Form by post, or 
deBver it by hand, to Barclays Bank PLC, New Issues 
Department, P.O. Box No. 123, Fleetway House, 25 Farrtngdon 
Street, London EC4A 4HD so as to be received no later than 10 
sum. on Wednesday, 21st May, 1988. 

If you post your Application Form you are recommended to 
use first class post and to allow at least two days for delivery. 
Photostat copies of Application Forms will not be accepted- - 


Basis of Acceptance and Deafing Arrangements 

The Application List will open at 10 ajn. on 21st May, 1986 and 
will dose as soon thereafter as Schraders may determine. The 
basis on which the applications have been accepted will be 
announced as soon as possible after the Application List doses, 
ft is expected that Letters ot Acceptance will be posted to 
successful applicants on 28th May, 1986 and that dealings in the 
ordinary shares will commence on 29th May. 1986. 

Arrangements have been made for registration of all the ordinary 
shares now offered foreale, free of stamp duty and registration 
fees, in the names of purchasers or persons in whose favour 
Letters of Acceptance are duly renounced provided that in 
cases of renunciation. Letters of Acceptance (duly completed in 
accordance with the Instructions contained therein) are lodged 
for registration by 3 p.m. on 20th June, 1986. It is expected that 
share certificates wifl be despatched on 18th July, 1986. • 

for payment through the clearing facilities provided for the 
members of that company or that Committee. 

Applications may be accompanied by a cheque drawn by 
someone other than the applicants}; but any moneys to be 
returned anil be returned by sending the cheque or bankers' draft 
accompanying the application or by crossed cheque in favour 
ot the persons) named in Box(es) 4 (and 6). 

6 fou may apply jointly with other persons. 

fou must then arrange for the Application Form to be 
completed by or on behalf of each joint applicant (up to a 
maximum of three other persons). Their fun names and addresses 
should be inserted in BLOCK CAPITALS in Box 6. 

7 Box 7 must be signed by or on behaff of each joint applicant 
(other Iftan the first applicant who should complete Box 4 
end sign in Box 3). 

; If anyone is signing on behalf of any joint applicants), the powers) 
of attorney must be enclosed for inspection. 






f/Wb offer to purchase from 





J. Henry Schroder Wagg & Co. Limited 

1 Auimtmar 

ordinary shares m Cnarfes Barker PLC 
(or any smaller number of shares (or 

which tins application is accepted) at I50p 
par share on thB terms 8nd subject to the 
conditions set out in the Listing Particulars 
dated 14th May; 1988 

3 Snares ritocaM 

1 Amount ractmaa 

and l/we attach 8 cheque or bankers' 
draft for the amount payable, namely 



* Amvnt DqiN 



6 Amount twurrma 






May. 1985 

E Qwouommaf 











— □ Pin here your chdque/bankers' draft for the amount in Box 2 

fb n thts serton only «tw( more » more than one applicant The hr» or so te apottani sfaouu compieie So* « ora 
sen *i Bo* 3. msan m Bo* 6 tna names ana aarPesses o* the secant ana suueawm apofcantfc. east at whose 
t9utns s reqi«M at Bos 7 



lv. )*v Uu cr m FgranmiH 

Uillis U»orKW FewumsiK) 

Ur Hr, Mm oreno Foranamanj 

















W: : ;W 




From vour pon folio raid check vour 

eight share price movements. .Add them 
up to give you vour overall total. Check 
ibis against the daily dividend figure 
published on this page. If it matches you 
have mod outright or a share of the total 
dailv prize monev stated. If vod are a 
winner follow the claim procedure on the 
back of your card. You must always have 
your card available when claiming. 

Decline continues 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began May Dealings end May 30. §Cod tango day June-2. Settlement day June 9- 
§Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

: - £4, WO 
Claims required for 
+4? points 

Claimant s sb0o&T&£ $254-53272 

No. Coogaii> 

Sumrw Cloths 

Kenbaw (A) 

Brormsrpve Tnds 


.Abbon Mead. 

KCA Drill 


Stothcn & Pill 

Industrials E-K 

Industrials A 

Industrials S-Z 

Industrials S-Z 


Indnsimis S-Z 

Maun tJohm 


Ehs (Wimbledon) 




Dewhirst (U) 

Tavlor Woodrow 


Industrials S-Z 

Industrials A-D 

Shoes. Leather 


Indusmah A-D 

Industrials L-R 

Industrials E-K 

Paper JrinuAdv 

Industrials A-D 

Industrials A-D 

U n Ru Bros - -H -8 
139 IB? RHMlMdjnMd >17 -• 

16- 13 - Royi B* O Can ns 1 .- +'* 

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8% S. Scared* 1 * -J* 

55 33 Srrwh 3i AuByn 52 *1 

894 J19 Sana Chart 797 -17 

8i8 SIS l>w J§3 

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330 220 nans 20 

18 28 902 
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353-263 .LWTMflB* 
349 188 Sea* TV A 
233 153 TV5 >W 
43 31 TSW 

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29 60 69 
114 53 95 
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Casta (5) *5 

Omen 3X 

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Jjm Befryman 

can be 

— By -Teresa-Eoole 

A new national- organization. Women in- 
Enterprise. was launched' Oris'WeeJrTir 
encourage women entrepreneurs to set 
up their own businesses. 

B^ed, in Wakefield, WE will provide 
practical information, run training 
courses and carry out research into 
whether the policies and practices of 
banks and advisers are adequate for 
women. By the end of the year it hopes to 
have opened a further three centres. It 
aims to provide a focus for existing 
support services For women around the 
country and will build up a databank to 
deal with queries. 

WE s founder and chairman. Kay- 
Smith. said: - **! think we will complement 
enterprise agencies. -Everything that we' : 
do will be looked at from a. woman's 
perspective.” - 

WE. wi!|_ bfi._partitiilariy concerned 
with helping women deal wriK unhelpful' 
financiers and supplier, with .the. diffi- 
culty of establishing credibility or pro- 
viding security and will look at issues 
relevant to women who are trying to 
balance a business role against family 

A panel of 12 women, including 
businesswomen, academics and educa- 
tionalists. makes up the steering commit- 
tee and the chief patron is Lady Seear. 
American Express and Wakefield City 
Council are' the fira.sponsdrs.The unit is 
aimed at women who, alr eady have the 
ability to set up a business and, if the ini- 
tiative is successful, hopes to help start- 
an additional 1 ,000 businesses each yean - 

Start-up courses are : planned - for 
Wakefield and London in June. In the 
autumn there will be a series of training 
workshops and WFs first -research 
conference. - 

• Membership costs £12.50 a year. 

H E can be contacted at 4 Co-operative 
Street. Harbury. Wakefield. WF4 6DR 
OeL 0924 277267) 

c,: .V. - » . : .11 

* <-* V 
!• .»« -2 
hr& *i 


Is the time appropriate for your company to consider entering the most 
developed and secure economy in the western world? As nn established 
consultancy with extensive UK/USA fac Bines we will identify and negoti- 
ate appropriate industrial or commercial opportunities. 


The Managing Director. 


. Gordon House, Station Road!,- London, KW7 2jU. 

Tcfc 0 1-906 0976 JfH«* 208048 EXTLDH^G 

Clean-up with 



Williamson: Even Moscow wants his crystal balls 

Global conquest 

; By Roger Pearson - 
Crystal balls are big business for John 
Williamson, a former RAF technical 
instructor. He sells 3,000 to 4,000a year. 
And he puts out 1,000 pairs of “a ora 

the range 4in. optically perfect crystal. 

On average about 200 of the most 
expensive crystals are sold each year. But 
the best sellers which account for op to 

goggles”, and a healthy turnover in other, 4,000 sales a year are the mid-range 3in. 
psychic paraphernalia such as. oufia balls retailing at £40 each. But not all Mr 
boards, divining rods, tarot cards and Williamson's business is retail. A lot is at 
books on the paranormal. - — discounted prices to other retailers. 

With the average crystal ball retailing He says: “We do .export a lot, 
at £40," 67-'year-old Mr Wiftiamsom,- - particularly to West Germany,: the 


President of the Hastings, Spssev-based 
Society'; of Metapbyskians Ltd does riot 
neei to look in one to divine thm-h»iaefcs 
is booming:' - s ; S * 

From small beginnings selling leaflets 
and 'books loo" the paranormal after a 
series of war-time lectures he gave on the 
subject to RAF colleagues, business has 
built steadSy, in bis words, “despite 
rather than because of my efforts” 

He explains: “Retail and profit was 
never theiaim of thegame when Iset up 
the society in 1944 with a group of fanner 
RAF colleagues. Ow aim was to promote 
study of the paranormal. But the 
business bpfld-ap came naturally.” -. 

United States, Australia and New Zea- 
land. -And we receive about -12 orders a 
i year to send crystal balls to customers in 
Moseow.” - ; 7 : ■ i ' 

Am goggles; too- are best-sellers. 
These are a device said to make it 
possible for a wearer to se the ultra-violet 
light emanating from people and ani- 
mals. About 1,000 of these a year are 
sold, at £14 retail. 

Another fast-rising line, with a £300 
price tag is the Electro Image Outfit, 
which is said to produce photographs oi 
body, apra patterns. 


franchise wise. 

If you’re thinking of going into business, arSketbiiley 
dry cleaning and shoe repair franchise is the wise -one' you-can . 
really clean-up with. 

As Britain's largest and best known name in cleaning, 
we're now offering exceptional opportunities to franchise 
bright new shops in many locations. 

Using our name. Imowledge and experience gained 
from operating 500 outlets, you'll run your own shop with the 
security and reputation of the Sketchley name behind you. 
And the prospect of real potential growth and development 
ahead of you 

In addition, well tram you and your personnel with all 
the technical and business knowledge you need to run a 
successful shop. 

- . . You'll also have the powerful support of our marketing 

which smaller businesses cannot enjoy! • • ■ . • 

. Phone 0455 38123 or write for more information on 

looting the team that imows' the meaning of cleaning-up’ 
franchise wise. 


Keith Twyipan. Franchise Manager. Sketchley Franchises Ltd, 
Rugby Road. Hinckley. Leies. LE10 2NE. T t 

a. "marrtage- 

Tocby the Tdactam businessman'’, as 
he tabs himself controls-^ w orld w ide- ■ Trier e: are. noweight local " h 
network spedafiane- inhales of psychic * enterprise agpncfes ofioringp "mar 

parapbenpiiia, from^is^aaqairRrs-ar- 

Cnart ^tAnudiU Hoc.'- businesses with sources of venture 

: capita, according to Planning . 

Exchange of Glasgow, They are at 
256 .countries and Abo* 80. Society . Aberdeen. Cambfldg^^ Colchester, 
members actingassellmg Agents abroad. Leeds. London. Manchester, Milton 
He puts his tpniover at about £120,000 Keynes and West Glamorgan, 
a year. A lot of profit is re-invested in Where investor clubs arrange 
stock: about £120,000 worth is kept at presentations of individual business 
the Hastings HO in order to give a return to potential investors, usually half th 
service on orders which are received from presentations get an offer of furidiiK 
all over the world Among other special projects listed 

ail over tne worm. the sunrey are LondorVs^ Lambeth A 

For crystal balls, he is probably the which helps the disabled find work a 
market leader. He-b a ys fr e m - a -rariety-eL Southampton Tourism Group, Whict 
sources here andlatauuk Retail prices . promotes tourism In the areaL'; 

“I'm afraid st*s ctrtnpany polfcy -fra®: 
: grow bigger yoo-go|iaiil»ti|rt”F: 


★ Business and assets tor sale as a 
going concern 

★ Based in Waterford, Ireland, 
Strongbow Engineering Limited is 
a leading . producer of high quality 

. precision sheet metalwork. . 

★ The company designs arid manu- 

factures • computer cabinetry 
chasis braketry etb; fori major 
computer : companies. !. 

★ Skilled workforce of 50 available 

For Junker details please contact: 

The Receiver and Manager, Hugh M. Cooney . 
at 18 Merrioa Square, Dublin 2, Ireland 

Telephone Dublin 767261 Telex: Do Win 90417 



Wooden stand, bgpk fNf*3k&-?iu£ 

Exchange of Glasgow *Triey are at ■ 
Aberdeen, Cambridge^ Colchester, 

Leeds. London, Manchester, Milton 
Keynes and West Glamorgan. 

Where investor clubs arrange 
presentations of individual business ufeas 
to potential investors, usually half the 
presentations get an offer of funding. 

Among other special projects listed in 
the survey are London's Lambeth Accord, 
which helps the disabled find work and 
Southampton Tourism Group, which „ 
promotes tourism in the areaL"; K-:.- * : 

• Cdrtactr Planning Efcfiarige, T86 . ' c: U' 
Bath'StieebG!a$go u* G2 4t4& pbmo ^ £ 
(04n3& e&i.- Fo 







$ 28,400 sq.fL of new and refurbished 
accommodation. ■ - - - 

$ Suitable as a distribution centre, light 
manufacturing, orwide range of uses. 
$Eas'/ access to theCity, Kent and 
ContinentaiRoutes.. • 1.’ . 

r : % Rents from f2.25pefsq.ft- - . — : 
v25yearJe3Sfiwith5yE3fieviev5Gt V. ■’ j.-' 
v Noservicecharges.' ■ - ; - 
Ample car parking facilities. '" 

For further details please contact: 

^ Property Board 


tondcosiviviAG i. r n jr i 


franchise is. 
your opportunity 

s pan °* ifve 

.MF* CP* Oestrum International group 
^ Fersma have over 28 years 

\ iSr experience mthe high performance uPVC 

: window growtn industry We provide the full ' 
planning, business, technical, meeting, staff saec.- 
t«bn and trainmgbacl^up'ofi a'Q^nlinumg basis which 
you would exp^rem^arge-successfuLcompany.-. - 
Apply now for information on one of the few exclusive 
lemammg aieas 

Telephone 0226-728310 and ask for Franchising Dept, 
National Franchising Manager. 


i'i Injlit .Streets Inverness IV'VT HN 

ARSVLE HOTEL Utttpaol. TTrrwtta'hoW bisness ; i< popJa resort and 
tsIWQ vdtage oo WsS Coast ct WSc ttush rtmtods. 
anVoons. <kmng mom and-tm Lais. Hdtel rvcenOr modeniwd aid tuny 
6qu$x*d Dttws woaa! S20OPOC art owed. . 
tfPLECMIU HOTEL RUMfeki. Tattww'wci h W*st coast fishing 
niter « Hie Scotosti ihghtands 6aao>Mss8niearBB.nofiular^t«8«s. 

s tainq umook: tw. d#w* rdom ^ vttvsoa abets. Paw eotpoai- OHws 


PSLLO HOUSE tei-shto. TradttWWl Ugnskn HousestaM. 

nj n own. grands n busy MMWtM ,3 g™! 

bedrooms wrtft tathai usafitt aomuratabni Mso FMMHOUSE dwnwi 
mo flats, wqn planrmg consent tor 16 luoner (bwMgs. Tw wan Htw»B 
rjtmhip tot suggnor tan dy OSHtence or for eonversm to a total. Pw» on 

Vf ,' T eJ:- 0463 233G06! 


We have been committed May lending 
of £3m. Our main interests of business 

Venture Capital . 

Equity Finance 

CommeiciaKariri industrial Rnance 
Comiperdal Remortgages 1 

Is youf fbank mariager- not giving you 
total cotnmitnieBt pr. flexibility? if you 
feel that we. can assist on any of the 
above services, , ptease do not hesitate 
to -contact Nick. Francis or Warwick 
Bryan on 021 643 2045, Thor Invest- 
ments Limited,. White House, 111 
New Street, Birmingham B2 4EU. 

- v A CHANGE of direction 

d yor carer e a a doid end and you am arodring a eftanw oi d«Kbon tbs could be me oooorti»i*v you are 
iqm^ lor Vxare ana rt you n beMM ft 81 mp fee ab*y ana busress aociiea io ran ta a area 
«dhn one d me'teiea growing adorns m tfe.UA 



. 01-937 5927 02-938 2736 



Keenest suDbi«rs ot Cenotones 
t" lease v cuidosf tocmMUp 
stansron & maintenance 

Pt?asp stone lor toe 
inen diy advee. 

.. 0742 730022. 


well established and specialising tn bilingual/ 
tvpseuing applicaiions. Large library of own 
microcomputer design software/ hardware. 
High lax losses. Key personnel available to en- 
sure continuity. Reply to Box G61. 

. Raxbargh District Council 


A superb fully serviced site, adjacent to a 
modern leisure complex is now available 
for Hotel/Conference development. 

The site occupies a prime location in 
Hawick, a busv centre for both industry. 
Tourism and Spon. 

For farther details contact 
K W Crammond. Director of Administrative 
and Legal Service*, District Conncil Offices 
High St, Hawick. TD9 9EF . 

Td <M5Q) 7599L . 


292, Ksgh StrecS, Lewes, Sussex 
Tel: (0273) 478424 

Delightful caravan park and fishing lakes in 36 acres; p. 
permission for 100 caravans. Executive bouse. S weft 
Slocked lakes. Possibly one of the most popular fishing 
lakes in East Anglia Park reception, shop. Managers 
bungalow. Extremely lucrative business. Pnce on 

All types of leisure property 

(o expand existing residential home tor the 
elderly. Situated - North _West_ England, At 
present registered for 14. to be expanded lo 
32. Has been established for 1 2 months. Ex- 
isting turnover £$4,000. Call 0900815851 . 


British rogWrrert steel paffleswer WtA ^ -_ 

until rrcenUy moored In St. Xa ft« ln« ITO ln u« ; 
os o ctmfenmeo cmm-. Eaaly . 

wine bar. Ure* kuctifen area. 

write Ittlefs. all onomal ships eoutpmerd Intorf- Zoe^ 
vtpw Essex. Please nns office hours 037S 

Start a new career in 


Pilot fraiicbt&e required. opefale sale and fitting 
of unique moulded canopies to commercial -cus- 
to tn eg s Not me-lon jraduoa IbJ dtfferqit fonpat 
. but regtelered design, low lead-in prices and visible 
'giiattty.MtvajptMe^jy^ititalJBPortimRy io mvn 
substantial business without TinancjaJ ^rgin fe -of- 
fered tn. retton -.for- undertaking specfal ' ico- 
operation .' re p o rting' TurvctionV Training and 
backup provided. -Contact Portico Canopies. 
Tef 0744 821321.. _ I ; : ; ' ' 


Mature qualified accountants with expertise, in 
insurance, lax or computers who are looking for 
fresh fields of. activity might tike to- consider 
joining in (he formatidn .of a new consultancy 
company based irv^Wesi LoBdon. ■ 

: Aepfies fHrfdsfiifawe fo BOXiB44. ' 


in the City of London Toc^aie due to illness. 
High turnover. Complete with large first floor 
storage and office. Reply to BOX G71. The Sun- 
day Times. PQ Box 464, Virginia Sum. 
London, El 9DD. • 




Too msort Puerto Del La Coe. sbixed untie of nwn cwertooKng Plaza. 1 2 
•ore hatww'saa). resaurare, mfllodiib SoMja recwniii retui- 
tvsnal io hto stanbwJ Hefonrotew ot corwiy forces safe. Brw (totals 
otjnveny.T/H. hon Wrace Mm obles & chairs, restanm apowt 150 
metres, smafl udital tar (reaaran seam's 60 pasersj luUy eavooed 
down io loaves & tones KKcten «u oeagnsi to olose moa {teanwg 
diets, staff Wtng nns/rodets etc. 

1 Chib consists: 1B0 metres seams 130-150 persons & ottos 
daneno area, sage oar. (tuSy eauppeO. fcfcton. bd« & gem* do# 

WTO. foby w core).) There s amUtexto space induced «rtuch & npe for 

con vawi • 

Td ameflft iupiuI d to msrren a visual apprssd i$ '■cww 
menoeb. AS necenmy heroes 4to pemnsswfi h*w been granted, ibus 
eoabmg anv possibfo buyer to ooen S sun (radra imraraaieiy- A weedy 
ssto s teaivaJ, hence toe me SZSOtKO various optans mtf dub or 
resteunsn-cst M saU^eontoy (F/Hl or on be ottered an 99 yr lease 
> -basitr yowmesw property taken m part wdi. : . 

. . SOX EWA tyO Tlw Hem. ffl Bn 4<A VBgtaa St Latosa ET 


Are .presently seeking area distributors throughout the 
Country for a unique holiday promotion concept Aiv 
potnied dfeirttmtor* will enjoy Immediate profits A quickly 
be earning £500 weekly. Our product ts low cost and one- 
ales volume sales. A minimum investment oi £2.000 plus 
VAT secures your own exclusive area. Write enclosing 
telephone no lo. 

Vacations International 
34 Victoria Road. 

■ Firiwood, Preston PR2 4NE 
or tefephone 

i 0772 j 712379. 


from £^9.50 inclusive 

Same-Day Company Services Lid 
Bridge Sl 181 Queen Vicioria Si. London. EC4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 

- tL l r 4 » : > TV ?ffr , r x> r , i' r 

rtyaerri i, 1 J l r “ I ll 

" II 

Comojana tuoiKay. naaCBtan. .Enateh ravnep®test 6 
yrs. T/0 SI 20.000. High profit frwgin.*: Asking 
jdca £»anco if required. ■ 

Phone: OlOl 3057982495 or write >6 Box 
6542. West Mi -Beach: Florida ^405 USA: 


Mature couple with significant nursing & commer- 
' nai skills Wish to assume management 
responsibility far current venture or assist in 
developing new facility. May be charitable, 
project-based or commercial. Residential or day 
care of elderly or disadvantaged young adults but 
alternatives considered. 

. Reply to BOX G78 * 


for development giving 50% Riel savings 

=; at no cost to client. High profits, 

, .?s*le$ or eng experience. 

061 480 4352 (UK) 162, 

; Higher.. Hillgate, Stockport,. Cheshire. 


• • BUSESfESS "• 

venture in trie Midlands seeks private inves- 
tor. Excellent returns- Minimum investment 
of £5.000. For more details phone 021 643 
0298 now. 


a leading West End fistnonger. turnover £590.000 
: per annum. 1 1 year lease. Audited accountants.. 
Reply to BOX C20. The Times. PO Box 484. Vir- 
ginia. Street. London El 9DD. : . 


Rest .home for menially 

handicapped/ disabled reg 38. 2 acres, t.'o 
£6.000 pw. run under total management, 
net profits approximately £135.000. Price 
£650.000 (offers). Apply Christie & Co 0392 

. telex a facsimile 

lit to day's: modern age of aovsnceg commun tea Lions can 
your company afford lo lose business by mil having facsim- 
ile-anil feLrxc Silhouette- todmtnw- vw>li> instaB. sendee 
and team evoaiora in lerex A [acsmils mactnrtes. on oui- 
rtgw purchase, toac. or imul naqonWjdg. / . , 

Fae farther Wendte. SKourtte fadHWn L« . 01- 

Opief UK M*e major new 'marketing: force in telecom- 
munications are now looking for dealers nationwide. 

We otter- 

1 . Brand Leader products tSTC/rm 
? realmnal nuinlnuwr & >mUiuuon imn 
A Proinuonal MM mipmti oack^ 

* SjIp*. & pinquri Inaninq 

6. Lulling new bnn lor 1987 

For lull driaih piiw can 

(0992) 790459/700489 


.Everything provfoetf p comprrte business) ior -that -second- 
mcome. Your nvestmant £500 - £1.500. C.SLR. the'pfnfps-' 
wonab deal m most areas abroad le. Southern Spam.Tenenfe 
to. Run your business futl or pqrt time. tk» « a viMquo chares 
to sran a busuwss ton home giving you weekly prefils under 
ov C S.R banner No erpenence required. kteaMor couples or 
smgte people - no age hmrt. 

Send SAE to C S.R. Overseas Precerty Ltd.. {Dept TE) State 
a'* Ftoor- Money Hse. 320 Regent St. London W1 or 
C.S.ff. 17 Man Street. Bamstonj. FaHartc SctWaTO. 

36” TO 200” TVs 

Giant ween TVs. monitors and ywteo oruBdors ior immajiaie 
(felivety Mitsubishi, Sanyo, ITT.. ltfC and Thomson units tor tto- 
mem and commercial ose Nabonwde tWwdry and serwe. Eawt 
and bade enqunes wetcome Full information ton: • 

J.H HMhe’a.Eo m. 

*. : 36 Stabon find. 

' ' Wyide Green. 

Stmon CoWtetd 
W Midlands. 873 SJY. 

021 3&i 2393 f24hrs service) 

Telex 337^ 


Non-trading registered offshore company '+ 
bank a , c <no assets or liabilities), available for < 
business matters. 

Please write to: 





Well established, wealthy residential area. 
W. Sussex, fully equipped, beautiful decor. 
Leasehold. £25.000. Reply to BOX C62. 
The Times. PO Box 484. Virginia SL Lon- 
don El 9DD. 


Opportunity (or Independent or multiple. Tv a u 
dio. white goods business. Out of town busy rim. 
road location. 6.000 ft with live accom .-offices 
^F_med io very High standard . Turnover £7Saooa Leasehold £1 15.000. SAv Rtoy 

as ?7 9 D D ET ' rnK - ro ww* s 






from £99 JO inclusive 

5am e-D 

Bridge St 181 

Company Services Ltd 
wen Victoria St. Louden. EC4 

TEL: 01-248 5616 

Also Company Searches 


for trie acquisition of private companies, will 
consider joint ventures win established compa- 
nies currently under financed. Retirement sales 
and management buy-outs especially welcomed. 
Private share puchasers arranged. 

Telephone 01 935 5795 or 486 6139. 


A hi ui a e w I eon ran «ady from borne, with unlimited 
potential an axcJum area, regular repeat orders. 
Ujh profit margins, porifmt cash Row, r n inimof over- 
heads, no stock r e q uiremen t and over £100 per day 
profit. It can work for you toot Far details sand a 93(4 
SAE to The Marketing Director, Scorpion House, High 
St, Tumy, Bedford MK43 SOB. 


Doe to me darore of a muiUpte nuo stoop a tom pi ece <Ht c : 
Crook- point of hk (EPOS' system a available. 73 daU imWivu 
syscena SI icrmtiuUs plus eouonwnt. IniiUI cost UOttL Will 
consider oiler lor complete asttn cooeOier wife mn ai uct on 

Contact D. SmHhers 
0295 86301. 


has a registered trading company in Thailand and 
is looking for a distributor in trie UK for leather 
attache cases etc with a secondary range tn PVC. 
PU. vinyl, nylon /general luggage. Reply to BOX 
083. The Times. PO Box 484. Virginia SL London 
El 9DD. 

Real Estate Agency 
I in South of Spain 

Is lookup for exclusive 
representative for United 
Kingdom to sell 
apparunents. Villas. Bun- 
galows. Plots, sites for 
business etc. Conditions 
to agree. Contact: 

Mritfeentra Ajcmdake 
IS, Agaadoke-AIncrica 


I MVC omcc ear phone A SO 
yr* mn ula Indiums] raa 
ooods servs. II yon Irvr nub- 
mitrd products ntrdmfl 
servicing. development In 
South of UK Reply id BOX CTS. 

The S Tones. PO Bax 48a. Vir- 
quila SL London El 9DD. 


view your accounting function I PORTABLE PHONE no longer 
and manage a on part cmw ba- I nee ded. Avai l on tahw er lewe 
so. call 01-299 362-1. | ar ra ngement. 01-729 0642. 


. .. FOR SALE''; -/• 

^SubjeGl to ftBlf-'. 
” permission. " 



Southern India 


Is the time appropriate for your company to 
consider entering the most developed and se- 
cure economy in the western world ? 

As an established consultancy with extensive 
UK/USA facilities we wffi identify and negoti- 
ate appropriate industrial or commercial 


The Managing Director, 

Gordon House, Station Road. 
London, NW7 2JU. 

Tei 01 906 091 6 Telex: 26804S EXTLDN G 


Marketing support Public affairs. 

Media relations. Individual projects. 
International programmes. Full support services. 

Your London & European Connection. Call Tony Dalton 


3 Beaton Place, London SW1. TeL 01-B2B Till 
TU. 33990 Fax. 91-828 2611 



tor luxury home for the elderly. Age immaterial. 
Live in contract Write Mrs Bohey, Cwm Cot- 
tage. Uechach, Garthbrengy, Brecon LD3 9TW. 


Midlands. North, SW. SE. Capable Of 
controlling sales fame, contract m a n a g ement, 
admin, budgets & targets. Experience in the 
cleaning industry an advantage but not 

Phone 6600 4042 far development executive. 


Two working dlrectorts) with substantial finance 
& sales expertise, to market exciting newly in- 
vented security product Immense profit potential 
supported by major marketing Company report & 
projections. First year's accounts available. 

Reply to BOX B12 . 


Printers: Epson, Bromar, NEC.Canon 

Hard (Me Mountain. NEC, Seagate 

Tope Streamer: Mountain, Ewn, Genoa 

Alt leading software stvpBsd. Cal us before yixi daefcte. you 

wrt bo pleasantly surprised. 

Kirin Conpnting 01-228 15S1. 


Centra! East Angtta. Short distance own A46. Ex M.OXL 7 
acres amox- Penmew fence. 2 wMchtowers. Concrete road- 
ways. Surface drabiage. mdndlpg sewerage. 2 boat slam 
8QR x 220 internally with reMcntar access via heavy surf 
dons. 3rd concrete bunker with steel access doors housing 
large walk-in Chubb safe. Also ddagUated brick-built work- 
shop. The site Is considered salable for a bigtvsecurlty store or 
spectra industrial use snUect to pbrnring anprovaL Freehold 
£200000. Reply to BOX G22 . 




8,000 Rems, majority 
ladies. Ideal export / 
clearance / market 

Apply Executors 

Tamer Keanefli Brown. 
100 Fetter Lane, 

Ptease quota ref: 23 


For Midland based commer- 
cial abscoaCa- tracing 
agency. Suit someone al- 
ready in a>e business looking 
io expand. Reputable Com- 
pany bi business for 14 
yean, owners now seek pas- 
tures new. Very good Client 
UM With funner potenuaL 
Prtee: £180 000 
Reply to BOX CMS. 

CASH FLOW Compemton five 
busmen for sale based In the 
lucrative Reading /BaktngiMke 
area. TWS business IdeaUy will 
•ml a person or company who 
can effectively manage control* 
won only direct sales staff. Hfgb 
net profits commensurate with 
investment of £50000. Sw 
porttve sates figures available 
tor scrutiny. Genuine reason 
for sale. Please write with lele- 
ptiooe contact no lo BOX 003 . 

Wales. Exceflenl aocoin. in su- 
perb s ur ro un d mas. e letnno 
rooms, ah with ensutte txnh- 

SL To HHdcct Directors 

W Mr. O. N. Oawsanand 
Mr. P. A. Brandt retire 
by rotation and being 
cOgtbte Offer tbero- 
setvcs for re-election. 

m Mr. W. a McBride havtog 
been apooinled since the 
last Ordinary Joint Gener- 
al Meeting, retires and 
afters himself far ra- 

3. To rr-aoootnt Pries 
Waterhouse as Andllan and 
authorise me Oixibu to Ux 
their remuneration. 

4 To tT M ot tc t any attar mil- , 
nary culms. 

Any raember entilled *o at- 
’ lend and vote SLtbe Onliaanr. 

. . General Meebno Of The Lon- . 
dan- USe Association Limited ~ 
or. Hie Joint GeneratTeegtORC 
of The Metropowan Ufe-As— 
suronce society and ‘The" 
London LUO Assedanoa Law- 
- IM may appoint a amr to 
attend and vote on hh behalf. 
Any Instnanenl appoi n ti n g a 
proxy mould be In me form 
art out In Article 32 of the 
Memorandum and Articles of 
Association and nut be de- 
posited at me Regbtrrcd 
Office not less than 48 boms 
beforr the time appointed for 
holding the meeting. Mem- 
ben intending In attend and 
vote per s onally at me m e e ti n g 
should be prepared to quote 
their polio nu m ber on 

Raiseih lounge and dlntaig 
roam. Owners 2 bedrooms. 
Outdoor swimming pool High- 

1; ^ 

1 -| 

strr c: 

MCMMND/MXW. 4,15 Beds, 
mad. turn. Lhse. for cn let 
£295 PO nw-. Tel 01-907 1566 
SOLBOLAHD* CO LTD for prop- 
erty rentals In Kamogsn & 
sanoundtea stubs. 221 36x6. 
Sms DrtWiribt «,S bed bouse. 
2 baths. JCBOOpw. Canons. OX- 
393 0088. 

SW 3 bed borne, reax. phone. 
CH. gda. nr tube. £120 pw. 
Others HoraMocteora 627 3610 
WES TIM) bedsit. TV. phone, nr 
robe. w» me. £33 pw. Others 
627261a Homelocaion 7 dsws. 


winchester. Planning for 30 
bedrooms, central location. Ex- 
Mmg buildings of 7.000 sq U. 
Grant available. £295.000 free- 
IwM. Tel: 109901 25332. 
UMtahed sprdaHst China A 
Glass Retafl Business with am- 
- ole accommodalMn for sale due 
lo retirement or partner*. Reply 
» BOX AB3. 

acres -» rtOO MIL Mad 1832 4 
bed Use. Sheep calUe ponies 
troui Subsidies / Management 
CC220.000. 0639 730628/599. 
norca. well equnmed. seals 50. 
bar A terrace, includes 2 bed 
apartmenL £75.000 F/H No 
offer*. Tel: Balearic* 36657S. 


WANTED Ikiutdaied stock, end or 
Unes. etc. Ckxhtng A general 
goods. Tel: iO«eii 828806 or 
Ox 946240 quoting 19020360 
In nm li ne. 

BUYER UMBfllV reqot i e d 
apartmenl or villa In Lanzarote 
A Portugal. Tel: K»43j 68911. 


SHALL KENT engineering com- 
pany ne ed s £30.000 to pul 
specialtsed vehicle through Ger- 
man regulations, view to 
marketing. Ideas? BOX C27 . 

informed A succeed. The Prog, 
erry Devel op ment Review'. 
Cambridfle <02231 3124S7. 


-Readers are advised to seek professional 
; ad vice before entering into any form of 
agreement, or parting with any money. 
When replying to box numbers please 
‘do not enclose original documentation 
and mark the box number clearly on 
the top right hand comer of the 
envelope and return it to: 

P 0 BOX 484 


Ring Jama* Kennedy Associates 
«i 01 242 9462 ext 28 far reH- 
abte. profosatonal advice. 




and counter surveillance 
equipment far boili tbe ama- 
■eur & professional. Ring or 
“rile for pm* Ba. 

716 1« Bridge Rd 
London E10 SAW 
01-558 4226 

8fld coulter survcMbncB 
equipment for bom tha wna- 
teur & professoral 
Rina or write lor price fat 

716, Lae Bridge Rd 
London E10SAW 
01-558 4226 



No premium. 24 hour, 
access. Prestige furniture 
carpeted offices wUh tele- 
phone & telex. From £70 
per. week an inclusive. 
Short/kmg term. Parting 

01-839 4808 

IrfcTTTTTTliri i : *vi 



reqd tiuoughout the UK- 
Exciting opportunity for 
dynamic companies in 
this fast expanding mar- 
ket. Please apply to Aqua- 
Spa JLtiL, Arcade House. 
The Arcade. Newbury 
RGI4 5AD. 

Tel: (0635)38800 


Conveyancing by City Solicitors 




You can now phone in your advertisement to 
us any Saturday morning, from 9.30 a m . 
to 1.00 p.m. 

This is a unique new service for all rfacofigd 
advertisers in The Times and Sunday Times — 
and it costs po extra. 

To book your advertisement 
phone 01 481 4000. 

For buying or s 
way. we charge 2 

your home in tbe usual 
(+ VA.T. and disburse- 

ments) far prices up to £60,000. Please 
telephone us tor a quotation on figures higher 
than lhaL We can also help you find a 



TELEPHONE: 01-248 0551 






Form book a 
to Supreme 

By Mandarin (Michael Pbfflfps) 
The presence of Telepramp- 
ler, accompanied by bis pare- 
maker Grand Harbour, in the 
field for (he 

' • 

• *-«-.»• 


W* • J- 

i - — - — Juddmome 
Lockinge Stakes at Newbury 
today has ensured the support- 
ers of the RNLI charity day on 
the Berkshire course one of the 
best spectacles in racing. 

Beaten just a short head in the 
gmc race 12 months Lord 
Derby’s super game and ver- 
satile ax-year-old seems bound 
to make his presence felt again, 
even though this will be his first 
race since he took on the tikes of 
Pebbles in the Breeders Cup 
over a mile and a hah* on turf at 
Aqueduct, last November. 
However, a study of the form 
book suggests that even Tele- 
prompter may well foil to give 
51b to Supreme Leader, who has. 
already come good this spring 
with victories at Newmarket 

and Sand own. 

My line of argument centres 
around last year’s 2,000 Guineas 
winner. Shadeed. In the Guineas 
Shadeed has Supreme ij»d er 

just, oyer a length and a half 

ehind in third place at level 
weights. Later in the season, 
again over a mile at Ascot, 
Shadeed beat Teleprompter by 
two and a half lengths at weight 

.. First time on a racecourse this 
season Supreme Leader 
trounced Field Hand by three 
lengths at Newmarket. Not long 
afterwards Field Hand just man- 
aged to beat Scottish Reel at 
Sandown where Protection and 
Efisio were among those who 
finished further behind. All that 
points to Supreme Leader being 
capable of beating them now. 

Events at York earlier this 
week suggest Jumbo Hirt should 
be good enough to win the 
Ultramar Handicap carrying 
only 8 sl 

First time out this season my 
selection was runner-up at New- 
market to Mubaaris; who was 
good enough to beat Rosedale in . 
Tuesday's Lam son Stakes. Then 

Jumbo Hin finished third in the 
Chester Vase to Norn rood and 
Sirk, who on Wednesday re- 
produced that form to the letter 
in the Mecca-Danie Stakes. 

His trainer Barry Hills and 
jockey Brent Thomson, who 
were on target with two nice 
winners at York, have a less 
discernible chance of winning 
the Sir Charles Oawe Memorial 
Stakes with Lost In France. 
However, I think that a chance 
can be taken with this half-sister 
to that good horse Penauft, who. 
was for from disgraced at New- 
market a fortnight ago. 

The Ags Khan's famous green 
and red rating silks should be 
carried prominently in (he Hue- 
Williams Stakes by Fashada,- 
especially now that she is revert- 
ing to sprinting ■ again having 
failed to. last out the trip in the 
Fred Darling Stakes at Newbury 
last month. 

At Newcastle Amongst the 
Stars must be fancied to go dose 
in the XYZ Handicap, but 1 just 
prefer the Lam bourn raider 
Fnuufingtoa Court, whose Bath 
form got a timely boost last 
Saturday when Meet the Greek, 
his victim, won next time out at 

Pattern race form in the 
Earsdon EBF stakes is repre- 
sented by Jazetas, who took bis 
chance in the 2.000 Guineas 
after finishing fourth' in the 
Craven Stakes. My choice now 
is Digger’s Rest, who won a 
lough handicap in such 
commanding style during the 
Craven meeting. 

Today's nap, though, is en- 
trusted to Paean to win the 
Henshaw Stakes. Having beaten 
Rosedale at Newbury, how be 
then came to be beaten at 
Newmarket by Heighlad slid 
remains a mystery in view of the 
excellent way that he has per- 
formed on the {pOops since and 
also the distance by which 
Rosedale then finished in front 
of Heighlad at York on 


7 W-0 DEMON FATE (USA) F Durr B-l I K Dprtcy ID 

LANCE P Cote 8-11 T Qubit 5 

Going: good to soft 
Draw no advantage 

22,714: 5i) (13 runners) 

SEJANT SHITE C Parker 9-0 _ 















0 DBNOPUSCBrxom - Q Better 12 

00 Ot E N C n OFTOOBomiS-O ... D Nk&oS* 7 

0 *$?***« 

KACERE P Catwflf 9-0 ... MFty9 

* * ' Cefiagtan D limag (3) 11 

. M Brimm EM) xdtttoyS 


10 0-22 

12 LUCKY BLAKE C Tnomon 8-11 MWoodl 

13 420- MAHOGANY HUH M H EJSttrtoy 8-11 J Lowe 11 

15 1-0 NERVOUS RtOCH Cedi 8-11 . — W Ryec B 

17 0-20 SANA SONG CParter 6-11 DNeMteS 

19 00- SON OP ABSALOM C Thomon B-1 1 _ _ 14 Tetas (7) 2 

23 JELLY JILL R Aten 8-6 AMaciuwd 


3>1 Nervous Ride, 7-2 Digger's Ren. 4-1 Jazetas. 13-2 
Lance. 8-1 Demon Fete. 10-1 Manogany Run. 14-1 Sana Song. 

20-1 others. 


000 BA^KWCH^i^e3 M l NCartale 6 



J Love 4 

0 UNPAC NORTH MOOR Ml Bsay 0-11 


8-11 MMndtoy(3}8 

84 tttgmthorpe. 7-2 Little Key. 9-2 J j Jimmy. S-1 
Glenciroft. 16-2 Danopus, 8-1 Gtencrotl. 1-1 r* 

Mere Music. 1S-1 

2.45 RIDSDALE SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £1 ,356: 
50 (11) 

Ags i Bel 8-11 J Lowe 2 

1 8-11. 

Newcastle selections 

By Mandarin 

2J5 Wigamhorpe. 2.45 Pashm tna. 
Framlingion Court. 3.45 Digger’s Rest. 
Knights Secret. 4.45 PAEAN (nap). 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 Deinopus. 3.15 Planet Ash. 3.45 Digger’s 
Rest.4. 1 S Easy Day. 4.45 Paean. 

Michael Seely's selection: 4.45 Paean. 


8 00 SAWDUST JACK MW Eastern* 8-11 T Luces TO 

emvEW- MHmdtoy (3)5 


11 00 BOLD DIFFERENCE W Wharton B-8 

12 4343 BBOON-SAOOITIONK Stone M~ 
14 000 GLORIADM ... 

16 00 LATE PROGRESS J Beryl 

20 0 NATION'S SONS R Sums 

21 10 PASHMWA (C-D) T 


4.15 OTTER BURN HANDICAP (£2,400: 7f) (17) 

1 004 BATON BOY (C-O) M Bnttain 5-10-0 K Dortey M 

2 -000 THRONE OF GLORY D Chapman 

Eastern Mystic, winning yesterday's Yorkshire Cup from Seismic Wave 

Eastern Mystic eyes gold 

C Coates (9 4 
TAR N Tnfctor 0-8- Jnt Eaten (T) 11 
2-1 Broon's Admen. 4-1 Sawdust Jade & Burial Blazer. S- 
1 Pasftmma. 10-1 Late Progress. 12-1 Bokt Difference. 14-1 
Bad Payer. 20-i others. 

3.15 XYZ HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £6.368: 1m 2f) (9) 

1 41-2 S«SW J Dirtop 9-7 G Baxters 

5 4144 PLANET ASH A Batov 8-4 G Carter (3) 7 

7 1133 gfftOWSTON BOY (CKP) P Keteway 

4 302- BEUABANUS(C)WAS»Ohenson 

-1-9-5 M HuMfley IS) 5 

7 M0 OIOYSTONffiKD)JBeny 10-9-2 A Woods (7) 3 

8 -041 EASY DAY E Baft 4-9-2 [4e*| A McKay 1 

10 00-2 KNIGHTS SECRET M H EKWBy 5-8-12 J Lean 4 

11 04-0 YOUNG BftllSS J EthenngTon 4-8-10 M Wood 12 

14 OOO- ITALIAN SECRET J Kstttowel 5-8-8 T Ouisn 2 

15 800- SHOW OF HANDS (D) J Walts 10-8-8. A Gorman (7) 11 

16 32-2 MQMNSKY N Sycroft 5-5-7 LCJwnock15 

17 0044 PENTOFF (B) D Chapman 4-8-6 ONtehotetO 

IB DM TAJ SINGH Denys Smtti 4-8-8 M Fry 18 


21 DM MPKNOWES Mas I Be*! 

W Ryen 17 

8-1 Gay KeBeray (5) 2 

Watwyn8-0 N Howe 3 

ISA) S Norton 7-13 J Lowe 6 

By Michael Seely 

Pat Eddery _drew level with' Mystic for his stepfather-in-law. 

Steve Cauthea in the race for the 
1986 jockeys* championship 
when rains Eastern Mystic to 
victory in the Yorkshire Cop on 
a windswept Knaves mire yes- 
terday. Both men have now 
ridden 27 winners apiece. 

After nearly balf-an-incfa of 
rain bad fallen overnight, the 

S md had become soft, causing 
withdrawal of Longboat, 
Phardame, and Majestic Ring. 
In their absence. Eastern Mystic 
was made favourite at 9-4. 

The final pattern of the race . 
took shape when Brent Thorn- . 
son set sail for home on Seismic 
Wave early . in the straight. 
Eddery lamicfaed fus attack on 
the outside, but when the jockey 
switched his whip to his right 
hand. Eastern Mysdc started to 
hang to the left over to the far 

Staying on strongly, the 
favonrite mastered Seismic 
Wove to win by 1 Vi lengths with 
the strongly-finishing Petrizzo 
only half-a- length away in third 
place. A stewards inquiry was 
held about possible interference 
as the winner had crossed in 
front of Petrizzo, but the result 
was allowed fo stand. . 

Luca Cmoani trains Easton 

Dick Harden. “The horse broke 
the track record on fast going at 
Doncaster last autumn, and be 
doesn't really like the mod**, 
said the trainer. “Bat when both 
Phanfante and Longboat were 
withdrawn, we fell we had to let 
him fake his ehaitff. He'll do 
even better when the ground 
firms up, so will go to Sandown 
for the Henry II Stakes, and 
then hopefully for the Ascot 
Gold Cop." 

Talking about his chances of 
regaining . the championship 
from Cauthen, Eddery said: 
“I'm. going all right at present, 
but don't -forget I'm -riding in . 
Ireland every Saturday when 
Steve has a chance of poking up 
two or three winners." 

remarkable success since taking 
out a licence 18 months ago. 
“We only gave 3300 guineas for 
n“i»" •“ -And 


TO 3-20 OFTKSSSSI FLAMED C Briton 7-10, 

11 0-23 HEfDfl S Norton 7-10. .... . 

12 4100 50XOPH (B) (C) M H EasMftJy 7-9 MFty« 

13 -124 FORCEUD (ISA) S Norton 7-7 J Quinn 1 

5-2 Smart. 3-1 RetrOngton Court. 11-2 Planet Asti, 6-1 

Forceto. 8-1 Opbmtsm Hamad. Sprowston Boy. 10-1 Sraoph. 
12-1 otners. 

22 004 DOMINION PRWCESS PFWwi 5-82 — J Quinn (5) 8 

24 mm- MARSILIANA E Incas 4-7-12 M Beacraft 13 

25 020 SWIFT RIVER Mu I Bar 4-7-8 NCafUsle7 

3-1 Mrantnaky. 7-2 Baton Boy. 4-1 Bela Bonus. 5-1 Kmghns 
Secret, 13-2 Easy Day. 8-1 Young Brass. 10-1 omens. 

The other pattern race, the 
Duke of York Stakes, resulted in 
a decisive win for that amazing 
Six-year-old Grey Desire. Burst- 
ing past Si Signor a furlong and 
a half from home, this consistent 
sprinter won by three lengths. 
Chathea, on the 100-1 outsider. 
Our Dynasty, look third place' 
just in front of tire favonrhe, 

. Mel Brittain, Grey Desire's 
owner-framer, has achieved 

Grey Desire", be said. 

Ire's now won os well over 
£100,000 id prize money." With 
three victories to his credit from 
four starts this season. Grey 
Desire will now be aimed at the 
Cork and Orrery Stakes at 

The danger of following con- 
ditions race form in handicaps 
was illustrated once again when 
Vainglorious, favourite at 11-4 
to win the Norwest Holst Tro- 
phy after finishing seventh in 
the' 2,000. .Guineas,, could only 
finish fourth behind Fleet Form, 
whom John Reid brought home 
a leogtb-and-a-half ahead of the 
top weight. Resourceful Falcon. 

Willie Carson was the jockey 
in form, landing a doable by 
winning the first two races on 
Sameek and Bold Rex. The 
dynamic Scot had a fairly 
comfortable ride when giving 
Robert Armstrong his first two- 
year-old winner of the season on 
Sameek in the Yorkshire 
Maiden Stakes. But was then 
seen at his most forceful and 
effective when driving BoM Rex 
past Pubby in the final stride of 
the “Torn To Yorkshire" 

3L45 EARSDON EBF STAKES (3-Y-O: £3.880: 1m) 
( 11 ) 

03-1 DIGGER'S REST (USA) Q Wrogg 9-4 H HSU 3 

4*45 HENSHAW STAKES (£1 ,582: 1m 4f 60yd) (6) 

6 00-0 PARAVANE E toosa 4-8-4 MBeeoo(t3 

7 fl SAY PLEASE D Chapman 7-9-4 DMchotel 

6 02-1 BLOCKADE P Cola 3-8-13 TOuton G 

9 2-12 PAEAN (Bfl H Cac4 3-8-13 -- W Ryan 4 

15 0 CUKJJN SOUND C Brtttffln 3-8-5 Q Baxter 5 

20 03 SPMNMQ TURN PCahar 3-8-5 — HFry2 

2 1140 JAZETAS (D) N CaAsgnan 9-1 D Manning (9 9 

2-1 BhxhaOs. 9-2 Paean. 9-2 Sp*vung Tum. 8-1 Cutttn 
Sound. 10-1 Paravane. 12-1 Say Please. 


Going: good 

Draw: high numbers best 


3 02- DAIYS LINE C Thomton 90 J Bfeasdale 15 

2.15 LUND SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £982: 5f) (9 

2 BARLEY TWIST P Rohan 8-11 S Morris 9 

40-0 HNDON MANOR M H Tomottns 9-0. MWmmerll 

00- GARY AND VARRY NCa#agnan90._. MLThoot»14 

0- MARGAM P Waiwyn 90 AMeGune 13 

MAWSJFFH Tnomson Jones 90 A Murray 9 

04- PAS 0E REGRETS DArtutnnoi 90 J WOtams 17 

23- RESTORE G Laws 90 P Wauren 19 

0 ROYAL FAN M H Eastertjy 90 —2 

15 43-2 SAHAPOUWB) R Jomson Houghton 9-0 J Raid 4 



9 0 MILLFCU)BU£P Rohan 8-11 GMnd(7)5 

11 PETERS BUS Jmttiy FitzGerald 8-11 AMunayl 

18 0 GRSWS GALLERY G Bkre 0-8 HLTbomasS 

22 0233 NLOH-1IY K Slone 8-8 COwyw7 

23 200 MOONEE POND ffllMH Eastsrby 80 —2 

29 300 TOOISIE JAY P pSden B-8 -I N Day 6 

30 TUESDAY EVENMG R WooOiousb 8-8 — 4 

; 8-11 


19 0 ACUANVi 

21 0 EASTERN LASS J ScaUan 8-1 1 

23 RNLUK FLAIR E Weymes 8-11 

29 40- ORIENT R Wndahar 6-1 1 .. 

9-4 Barley Timsl 11-4 Tootsie Ji 
Moonae Pound. 8-1 MLOti-My, 12-1 

: 9-2 Green's 
'S Btua 20-1 


30 320- PACKAGE PERFECTION Tfaanurst 


31 WO- PANOVA MMtCwiPieh 8-11 SKanutayT 

33 34 PRETTY GREAT i Matthews 8-11 A ShnoKa (51 16 


36 OOO TAMANA DANCER F Durr fll. DeOtM Pnca (7) 5 

37 300 WATEMXATH E Weymes B-11 — 1 

2.45 ESK HANDICAP (£1 ,643: 2m) (16) 


5-2 Saitapour. 3-1 Restore, 9-2 Dad s Lme. 6-1 Pretty 
Great 10-1 Gary and Larry. Mawsult. 12-1 Margam. 2p-l 


20) NORTHERN RULER L UghtOrown 4-96. G DutMd 12 
7 0220 ARTESX1U R Jotnson htougftbxi 4-9-1 J Raid 11 

9 024- LA ROSE OUSE JttwiyFrtzge^d 4^-11- AMarayl 
10 240 SPEND ITLASS R Ctwnpon 40-11 iJohnKai2 

12 2000 LEPRECHAUN LADY 5 Norton 4-8-8... MLThnmuU 

13 030- SOUW DffRJSION R Wtnaker 4-8-7 K Bradshaw (51 4 

16 DIO STONE JUG Miss S Hal 6-8-4 —16 


Televised: 2^0, 3A 3^0. B8C2:4J) 
Going: good to soft 
Drarar. no advantage 

2-0 TRENCHERWOOD SELLING STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,994: 50 (18 










9 «CMi» mmA 

0 USEPIME ... 

00 BEriAHrat 

' ‘ ' ' IP 

P Grew 8-11. 
CJ KB B-11. 


R Stubbs 8-11. 

le Lid] NCalaghan 8-11. 
MR Hamon 8-i1_— 

erf PHaslw 8-11 


. P Cook 8 

Rwandan 15 
GFrendi 13 

R (C toert M Usber 8-1 1— HWighamlA 

PORPfltfeliepine Hrf*igs] R HokterO-t1_ SOa**onf»1ff 
AYLOR/Tmtasot Soham) DLaaSeS-U GStadm 12 

- 00 HTT LUCKY (Gias f 


■f Soham) ■ 
1J BridgerSO 


81 StUtR COUNTRY (0)CANw*ca 
■ SURVIVAL XiriEPnnfCJanw 

HMtBHMMre T Parry) D F 




MewontirfC JH|B-8. 


0 SWALLOW BAY (MrsT Parry) DHJwmilM. 


9-4 Hombtowor Girt. 11-4 Min Mariam. 7-2 Hit Lucky. 8-1 HigfttalutJn Lymey. 10-1 
Swaflow Bay. 12-1 B Be Doubieyou, 14-1 others. 

Newbury selections 

By Mandari n 

Z0 HornWower GirL 230 Jumbo HirL 3.0 Supreme Leader. 3 JO 
Lost in France. 4.0 Fashada. 4.30 Saxon Star. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.0 Perfect Stranger. 230 Kolgong HeightsJ.O Supreme Leader. 
3-30 KabiyJa. 4.0 Native Oak. 4 JO Saxon Star. 

2J0 A1 Saliie. 3.0 

By Michael Seefy 

230 ULTRAMAR HANDICAP (3-Y<fc £8,076: 1m 41) (9) 







W R Swinbnm 3 
W Canon 9 


130-0 KOIGONG iraGinStOfR ‘nwcoo) B Hanfcuy 9-7J 

4124-4 FAMtV FRiampr MSomaj W Hem 9^ ^ 

013-0 WAR I^BOghaih Mohammed) J Durtop 93rare 


30-23 JUMBO WIT :tiSA) (SHeitfi Mohanvaed) 8 ins 8-0 BThomiwti 

41484-1 AftO (FRMBF) H Gafanon^J BrflnM 7-13-^ 

209 044) MOUNT OLY 

I Wans 7-8. 

_ TWObunaS 
R Fo* 2 

5-2 Jumbo HW. 7-2 M SaMa. S-1 Ostenstote. 6-1 FmWy Friend, 7-1 War Hera. 10-1 
AJjg.12-1 Mount OJynqws. 14-T othrfS. - 

FCH»fc OSTONSBLEJ9-5) 6X1 3rd oMSi to w^OtLjqht « Nommon wtt 
KOLGONG WEIGHTS (B-TJ HetrtmAf. B084. goodtoflmTStay 5J. U. SAUTE 
(MM k winner hom SwytKordPrtnce [7-8) (1m«. £2964. good. MayS. 1 1 
)OTT (8-8) ftrashed weU to lake ad P**». Wn 1 H . 




mdn pm. e 4624, good to Arm, Oct 
Setoettora JUMnWR ~ 

3J) JUDDHONTE LOCWNGE STAKES (Group It £29,680: 1m) (8) 

212120- TBjpHIOMPTBR OH (D) (Lord DertaOJW WWs_&98- Thus5 


306 ... 

308 1021 ft- LUCKY RING 

310 12110-3 PROTECTION 

311 11240-2 SCOTTISH 

1110111 B0UJHI0«HTPi»*!»4"»lj™^™ 


4-9-1 W R Swfflhum 1 

312 0030-11 SUPREME LEADER (D) (Capt M tamos) C BrtSain 4-9-1 - — PBoOk«»«i3 
2-1 Supreme Leader. 7-2 BoCn KnigM. 9-2 Scot teh Ree L 6-1 Protection. 8-1 
TrfBpm5»^-i RrfB. 16-1 Eft& 100-1 Grand Hartxw. 

FORM; TELEPROMPTER 8Iti Over Tm 41 Rnrf agrt, prvrioigjy (9|7T2>il ^atd of 7 m 
rhnrlruvl 19-0) at Atf Of tint, £28068. Dun. Sopi Z8)_ BOLLJN KNK9u64J WOO J 
25255 Efluaoood. Mava 7 ml LUCKY RING (B-1 0)2 



£8,506: 1m2f) (Ifl) 




2t04) BAMBOLONA |0 MdMjmlfl SherflutM- 
1-t KAHYLA W H Aga KhW) MSto 



St 'Georoe) H Cert B-8 . 






J Winter 84- 

J Marrow) M Jarvis 8-6 « 

UcMpmriJ Dunlop 8-6- 
’■ 8-6- 

_ M WMhaniS 




& o tf a t Bum Sr J Aato*1 W HOT M-— 

94 Chiacrrerva, iwra* g fi OM Donuaday Book. 11-2 Pfot BW. B-l 
GMtar. 10-1 Ereeptfaul Beauty. T2-1 omers. 1B8fi 

FORM: BAMBOLONA 12X1 6»i (8-7).» Son* 

■broom 8 
IM Eddery 9 

. W Carson 3 

Kwi ptonM niur ^ 

Newmtvtet vmw . *^**!**L WMt^dding (imlf. n 146.aoft.Apr 

3rd, btn W to 
. heavy. Apr 22. 9 ran). OLD 
at cnesrer flm 2f 

aulTgood to sort. Mar c 7 '“ vre,t v— / J^ 1 4th on 0 to&ngWtt (B- 

8) at Ascot m. £7DS5. JK 

g rfecflB W Ct^iiMCHBiv* „ __ 

4A HUE- WILLIAMS STAKES (3-Y-O: E4.871: 61) (13) o 

502 113842 UWAWjPIIAtW.M.gwgj^ ^ 

iCGonnan 99 TlvasS 


505 ttlttO- 

500 0014 

507 012041 HOHEHULE 
509 373-4 NATIVE OAK.._. 

509 1030-33 J«X»tXlP^> 

510 2204 POPWEM« 

512 04 ROYAL 

»D «ess»»H Cart 84H 


Khan) R Johnson Hougleon 84 

^OrfC.8-1 HoroaRrfe,10-l 

Ueasurwg. 12-1 iwceoio Polo, 14-1 otfirf*- 
4.30 VOLVO STAKES (2-Y-O: fiBes: £*20* 5f) (7) 


.ft o' 

; \ 








\ \ 

i l 

i % 



Fdw srHjw vg 


v zHjjAffWrRoWvrfBUtflP 

54 Saam Star. 1« ^ 


Pat Eddery 4 
Parf Eddery 1 
M WlglMmS 

P Cook 2 

Pm he. 8-1 Besrf Biss, 10-1 ZMa, 


Going: good 

(Amateurs: £1.937: 2m 6f) (20) 

2 AB8EYTEU. (B) W F Morgan 

4 484 BARRETTER BOY Mrs PGrai 

5 U-2 BUCXH0RN fl H Buckler 7-1 
7 00-P COOLARAP (B) G Oe 


17 -424 AULD LANG SYNE (BN B^J M Jefferson 


18 040 ELECTRIFIED J P Leigh 5-8-3 M Roberts fi 

19 040 MASTER CARL Mrs GnRevrfey 7-8-3 0 LaedtritMr (5) 10 

21 940 FAnTOGOMCChapmmA&D JWttams? 

22 1002 CHRtSTIIAS HOLLY Mrs G Revrfay 5-7-13 S Webster 5 

10-124— Wl 
ner 8-124 Ml 

‘47 R 1 

7-124 T Snath j 

6.15 OXHILL NOVICE HURDLE (4-Y-O: £888: 2m) 
(14 runners) 

3 082F MNATTASH (DIM CPftia 11-6 PScudamore 

5 1300 TESrnWWALflnjR J«ilans11-3 SShenmod 

6 00 BEAU GUEST n^)JC For 10-10™ SMowe 

13 080 HUSKY HOPE Mr& J Evans 10- IQ KOorfaa 

14 GLEBEROYJCQiatDn 10-10. 

8 448 CRAWFORD CROSS TP Tory 12-124 MFeRonj 

9 ins- DARUNGATE M P Howard 11-124 . 

23 130- ALRE DtCXINS fC-0| R HdfcKflead 8-7-12. P1«m9 

24 4-30 RACING DEMON P Carr 4-7-12 S Monte 13 

27 0000 WELSH GUARD M Briton 4-74 AMmo(7)15 

7-2 Christmas Holy. 9-2 La Rose Grtse, 11-2 Aneakan, 6-1 
Stone Jug, 8-1 Auid Lang Syne. t0-1 Racine Demon. 12-1 
"ad. 20-1 

Beverley selections 

By Mandarin 

2. 15 Barley Twist 2.45 Auld Lang Syne. 3.15 
Dashing Light 3.45 Kudz. 4.15 Restore. 4.45 
Comcharm. 5.10 Sender. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.15 Green's Gallery. 2.45 Security Clearance. 

3. 1 5 Dashing Light 3.45 Kudz. 4. 1 5 Pretty Great 
4.45 Able Maybob. 5.10 Rivers Nephew. 

12 HO I GOT STUNG (Bn J S DetehOoke 8-124 

13 KH.TON JUM P S Twy 10-124 

Spend it Lass. Nortnem flutor. Master Cad. 20-1 others. 

A Tory ( 

1S20P2 rM SOkraOOY (USA) (0F)NJ Henderson 

1D-10S Smith Ecctos 

19 OOP MESSAUNE (BP) JPrancoma 10-10 JHQntee 

LANGLEY COURT G Hugnu 7-T24 G WrfttMr( 

LEGAL SUGAR HJ Manners 8-124^. J Greenland ( 

MOTOR BKE MAN “A Dfctey 10-124 RDMeyf 

PtNMORE G B Baktng 7-12-0 S Muffins) 

RHONE RIVER A H Berry 9-124.. 


1 10-10. 

22 PI StWY FELLA J Colston 10-10. 

23 4000 STAR MAESnUMI 

ST UUfr.1»TC*R jR 

IM^MEJKjrifD Trustor 
•29;:’ .^SWMMRMPTJavte 104 
^3£L 0'XYL0f>H0NF0Maris TQr5 

24 830 ROCK CANDY lifts P Jones 10-124—.. D Stephens (7) 

11-124M Martin (7) 

27 F<S TAULUSPARKN A Ramsw 10-124 Mm P Pick m 

. - AflAGENCAWe«SlO-lT5 MWrftafr) 

CONTRARY LADY lit H Weston 944-9^ MWMkNt(7)- 


33 P- S>EAlCALOH6JI+Oocimo&.il-9 .„^ S*KiTO*M) 


iM rm Somebody,V&-2 TesSncaiia), ^-1 Mnattasti. S-»- ’ 
Prtcaman. 10-1 Messaline. 12-1 Star Maestro. 14-1 .others. - - - 

♦-Get Stutwl '3-1.' £&cWrorrt, -'4-f ’ KMan jni. 
Lady, 10-1 Crawford Cross, 12-1 Rofck Candy, 



[ 3.15 R1SBY HANDICAP (£1 .770: 1m 4f) (16) 

3 00/3 FBOURCH COLONY (C) M H Easwfty 

5-9-10 KHogtJson B 

6 143- VERY SPECIAL (D) W HoidBn 4-9-7 RUorae(5)4 

8 -314 MENfNQ (DWBFJ N Tinkier 5-9-4 Kkn TMder (7) 10 

9 M0 VflLMUSH (CHD) W C Watts 7-9-3 A Shorts (5) 15 

11 D2-4 DASHING UGHT(D)D Money 54-1 G0uffUd3 

12 0200 AMHJEWlNEJC4)OWOnman944 —12 

17 244 KADESH (K F YanSay 5-8-12- I Johnson 9 

19 4124 APPEALING fflFIG Bum 44-11 MRtemmS 

.20.-004 ISHKHARA MrsG Revetey 44-J1 „.D Lee<Jb«ter (51 H 

. 23 000- SPARK MfiatnuhaAftS EOmstSita 

26 000 ARDOON PRINCE K Stone 4-84 T—T 

4.45 BESWICK HANDICAP (£1 ,751: 7f 100yd) (19) 

1 040 WORKADAY (C)C Gray 44-12 I Johnson 1 

2 0-00 DARMTE Weymes 4-SMD EGuest{3)8 

3 0202 CORNCHARMM McConnack 544 J Reid 12 

5 320- SIGNORE 000NE M H Easterby 44-5.. K Hodgson 17 

7 004 PADDYSTOWN MC Chapman 4-94 iMteut 

8 100- VALRACM R HaHnshaad 4-9-3 S Perks S 

10 000- CBMGMLRWoodhouse 5-8-13... 

13 104 THE MAZALL Miss L SddaH 64-10. 

15 000- D0PPI0 J Etnemaon 4-84 

16 100/ GREY CflEE J Efftenngton 4-84 : - —14 

17 -100 JANE% BRAVE BOY |C-p) D W Chapman 44-7 —13 

C Dwyer 9 

.... G Gosney 19 
G Doffieid 4 

ntrS 19 .140 YELLOW BEAR, J Parties 
(STH 20 1001 LITTLE NEWWGTON IB) N Bycroft . 

Si t3 ~ - - i ■ » 5-62 t?exW RScfaairit 

- 5w--«- muL-Uftnmim nuilirid’o uei„ »en ■■■ 


-2 9 401. MS (JON (0) F Caty 442 (6aa) : • ICrnimt 

30 004- STBILWa VBTUE (USAJ 8 McMahon WHJ 


33 020- STAR EVENT J Parties 5-7-13- 

— 2 


Stratford selections 

By Mandarin ", 

6.15 Aifessalioe. 6.45 Ardesee. 7:15 Si Alezan. 
7.45 1 Got Stung. 8.15Thats ForSure. 8.45 Match 

(£1 ,095: 2m 6f) (1 8) 

8 0020 REGENT LEISURE F Jordan 7-11-7 RHyett 

9 3030 THESflNERM Ta» 6-1 1-5 A Chariton (7) 

10 F23 THATS FOR SURE D Ncholson 5-114— P Scudamxe 

34 ODD- CLOUD DANCB1 Mrs GRavrfey 4-7-13 GCratttt 17) 14 

35 00-4 THE CRriNG GAME B Morgan 

4-7-l2BCmaiey 16 

11-4 AppeabnQ: 6-1 Dashing LigM, 8-1 Menkigi, 7-1 
Fenchurch Colony. 4-1 Mr Uon. 10-1 The C ~ ~ 

Special. 12-1 Kaoesh. 20-1 others. 

Crymg Game. Very 

22 220- r HORTONS CHANCE'S Wiles 4^4. MLThqma 

23 OOrfl MGH PORT AW Jones 744^-1 A Shorfts (5) 15 

24 004 JOHNNY FRENCHMAN AH Watson 5^7-13— —7 

26 POO- ABLE MAYBOB H Colingndge 4-7-11 — 18 

29 030- SKY MARMERT Karaev! 5-74 — 11 

30 000- GODS UW(C) Mrs GReiatey 5-74 A Proud 2 

154 Comcharm. 4-1 Littte _ 

B-l Veirach. The MezaO, 10-1 YeHow 
T6-1 others. 

6-1 Signore Odone. 
1 AMe Mayoob. 


11 42F2 OCBCY RUPERT DL W®an» 6-11-4 DrfWUans 

13 1000 NO HACK CP Read 7-11-2. G Moore 

16 0404 PHOTERrTYJ A Edwards 5-10-13. 

22 0000 SALLY BUIE C F Jackson 10-104.. 

CHASE (£2^79: 3m 2f) (12) 

23 OOPS DEEP DASH N J Henderaon 5-104 — 

28 P000 Q W SUPERMARE NRMnftrfl 5-10-1. 

29 4003 JAUNTER WO Mann 6-10-1 

36 FM COURTIERS WAG M Tatt 6-10-0 


3 1211 . ARDESEE (D)OJ Mooriead'6-124 {7ex} HHararaond 
5 1214 BKSTEEL PD Qjndtf 6-114 (7to0, * 

R Crank 

8 301P MAY4M4C0RDLWftams8-11'5 

7 21fl - POPLAR SQUARE Mrs MUimel 7-T14 . ffirM Wee (7) 

37 0000 SNOW MALLARD 0 Anal 6-104. 

39 040 0URDADDYHH Beasley 6-104 

-40 PPM CANT DISCLOSE (B) S L Dow 5-104.. 
\AZ DM TEME SAUCE CF Jackson 5-104. — 

S J OTtaO 

- RDtawraody 

E Waite 

D Mprpfy (4) 

8 0112 VALLEY JUSTICE C C Tdeffine 8^ - A Sharpe 

9 3P04~ ARAPAHO PRNCE J A Edoards 7-1 

16 -4PP STREAMUNBl P Davis 10-104™ L HON-RUNNEB 


21 F4P3 CODG&1 R C Aimtage 6-104 

7-104 DOTOttm 


22 -FP2 .. 

25U0P4 MDMN COUNTRY Miss D Baker 6-104 JLuvrfoy 

Z7 00PF BOflA FETT A HoSngswOrtti 8-1M MTMLOW 




11-1 D4M Harrington 

45 0PPP KMGSWOOD KTTCHEBS D R Bawrth 6-104— 

10-104 Mba G Annyiage (7) 
2-1 Cheeky Rusert 9~» Thats For Sure. 4-1 No Nat*. 6-1 
Provarny, 8-1 The Saner. 12-1 Deep Dash. 14-1 omers- 

£1,350: 1m4fX10) 

5 00- FILM CONSULTANT J Bosley 44-6 — 10 

11 000- MOULKINSJ Wilson 446 —8 

13 OER. DE HGRE (FR) G Gracey A-9-&.. 

14 304 RAPI0AN M H Eastarta 
17 DIM THE YOMPER (HR D Ettworth 44-6 .. 

21 LE MARSH JScaBan 994 

27 0- CAPITATION E Wayiras 3-8-3 

£1.350: 1m4f) (9) 

1 004 BATON MATCH MC Chapman 644 —5 

6 040 FLEURCONE.KB Whitt 444 JW*an»7 

7 FOURTH TUDOR (USA) B Hanhury 444 A Getnan (7) 4 

31 22-2 KUDZ (USAXBHH 
42 0 BAYTWO H Going 

ML Thomas 9 
E Guest (3)5 
N Dey 3 

Coflngndge 344. 

44 Kudz. 7-2 Rafndan. 6-1 The Yomper. 10-1 Capitation. 
12-1 Baytmo. 20-1 others. 

23 004 THE BETSY D Bswonn «4-3 AMcGlm»9 

29 GARTHMAN P Frfmne 3-84 MMaer3 

33 0 NAJESDCJAN (G&J G Pntetard-Gotrion 

34-3G Mifflnm 

35 040 QUARANTINO M BmtM 3-84 —1 

36 0 RIVERS tCPHEW {BRFR) O DoueQ 3-8-3 R Mactiadofl 

39 0 5ENDER (USA) A Stewart 344 MRohertsS 

11-10 Rivera Nephew. 3-1 Sender. 9-2 MRestican, 8-1 
Fourtn Tudor. 12-1 The Betsy. 16-1 others. 

York results 

9-4 Ardesee. 10040 Arapeho Prince, 5-1 Vafley Justice. 6* 
1 Rig Steel. 8-1 Poplar Square. 10-1 WQodtand Generator, 12-1 
Mayanncar, 14-1 others. 

2m 61) (8) 

D Browne 

2m) (12) 

3 -OOF CA5SI0 UL 0 BurcheO 7-11-9 D J Burctietl (7) 

IQ 0001 MATCH MASTER^ SMeBor 7-J0-1Q__ RDwnroody 

12 3200 CARADO (B) (D) M C P®a5-198 

13 0008 DERRYCREHA LASS (#> O O Ned 

7-104 1 Shoemark 

3 UU2 COJ9 WWTBRS (ON A Gasrfee 10-11-7.. 

4 1002 ADMIRAL'S CUP FT Writer 8-11-5 


14 4004 MASTER VRiCE (D) M H Tompkins 8-104 S Sherwood 

17 24P0 KASSAKffi)NflMitcnM 10-104 


10-11-4 IWT^ Thomson Jones 

7 FP44 MASTER TERCEL DT Thom 10-10-10 II Brennan 


13-10-10 JSuttam 

O.PPOO-ROUSPEIERTQD NcMOaon 9-10-7 — .PScudamore 

10 2084 ST ALE2AN(QMTb» 9-104 i R Dumwody 

13 22P1 MAJOR TOMW G VAghtnon 9-104 (Sex) MHanb^oQ. 

22 0030 THEEMOfflSLPowfrHM 

GoUib: good to sort 

2-0 15f) 1. SAMEEK (WCareon. 6-5 favk 
2, Gownorahip (J Had. 15-2); 3, Song 
N*Jest (S Cauthen). ALSO HAN: 9-2 
Cotway Rally (801). 13-2 Good Pomt. 10 
Beau Benz. 12 Balken Leader (5(h). 14 
Sandall Park (4th). 25 Northern Decree, 
The Great Match. 10 ran. IM, ml. shhd, 
2WI. 21. R Ajiretrong at Newmarket Tote; 
El .90: £120. £1.90. £1.70. DF: £74a 
CSF: £12.43.: 1/nrr D4.72sec. 

236 (1m 4f) 1 . BOLD REX (W Carson, 5- 

23 040 JACK 01 


1 1 -10-1 M» G Amytaga (7) 

24 0003 jBOLD RODERICK (D) Grenvfle flichante 

. , _ .7.10:1 MbaT Davit (7) 

25 -100 TflME’BCE (B) Hohrisnead 5-10-1—1 — PDew 

IV. 2. Pubby (G Dutfleld. 5-2 tavfc JJ, 
tnntage Tolf (S * 

Cawnen. 16-1). ALSO 
RAN: 9-2 Witchcrait (4thL 8 Handlebar 
(5th). 10 Five Farthmgs. 12 Strattwarn. 14 
Tivtan. IS Roniosira. SheHman (601). 

28- 04V- BURLEY I 

■ T Bfl 6-104- 

H Crank 

Vleksrovm. 20 Singer's Tryst 33 Arfe- 
t. Senor HamoB. 14 ran. hd. 5L 

7-4 AdnffraTs Cup. 2-1 CBM Winters, 4-1 Bright Oassis. 6-1 
M^or Tom. B-1 St Alezan, 12-1 others. 

-• 9-4 kfttch Mastar.-D-T Brfd Roderick. 5-1 Cerado. 7-1 
Tiree-See. 8-1 Master Vince. 10-1 The End. 12-1 Burley Hfl 
Lad, 14-1 others. 


17 0P4 MARKET RtMJ Fox 6-104 

Iff 0000 GO PERSIAN (B)BVem 9-104.. 

N Hunter (7) 

Going: good 

44 Ogden York. 9-2 Beltane Tha Snath. 6-1 Ivamar, 8-1 
Captain Pat 12-1 Lite. 20-1 others. 

menu Velvet, 

12. 2W. U. J Dunlop at Arunorf. Tote; 
(“*10; £150. El.ea £3.70. DF; £490. 
CSF: £1846. Tricast; £181.73. 2nrin 

3.05 (1m 6f) 1, EASTERN MYSTIC (Pat 
Edeery. 9-4 lav): 2. Setsmlc wave (B 
Thomson. 7-2). 3. Petrizzo (S Cauthen. 

20-1) ALSO RAN: 3 Bouroon Boy (4Hi). 4 

6 JO SHELDON HANDICAP CHASE (£1,574: 2m 3f) 

-340 LUCYFAHJSIGft0 10-11-7. 

6 0244 ATATAHO 



16 2420 TUDOR ROAD LKawwrd 11-104 


■ umiui 


(£1,369: 3m If) (14) 

2 0231 PHAROAKS OWN (C)J Baker 

9-124 (7ex) Mr L Haney (7) 

6 3432 H1ZKRBERT L Kamatd 8-11-5 BPowefl 

7 GOP GtOLLA WAY □ Gmssk) 7-11-1 — 

8 2101 ABOUSHABUN (B) (D) J Jentana 6-10-13 R Rowe 

Bin 8-1 

10 0FF2 SAMMY LUX K Ourm 8-10-12 , 

IP 9232 -THE FLOORLAYER J Baker 8-106 Mr L Harvey (7)-' 

18 BOW RETSELraCPophan 7-10-5— NDavtaa-- 

22 3202 ARCHERS PflDICE (C) C Jamas 8-104 — — . — 

12 0031 DRIVE EASY R Patter 8-lO-7-fZe*J — 

13 -4PP STOEAMLWER P Dams 10-104 

t SPwige 
A Webb 

iiCJC James 8-104- 

23 3P00 POWOStTYRJ Smith 9-104- 

-14 POOF BRYMA B PaUna 6-10-1 . 

EAO TW Jones 6-104. 

A Griffith* 

24 12-F GOJ.YNO Mrs E Kenrard 9-104. 

- WKnax W 

25 3W0 MSS ABWAH C-O) D Scot! 7-104, 
71 /OP ABBEY AVENUES Dow 8-104 

. BdsHnan- 

16 PP40 WATERHEAD Til Jones 6-104 G Cheiiss Jones 

20 FPP0 WAYWARD KATE Mf$ C BKhaidS 7-104 C Price 

23 /4U3 LAHACHE BRIDGE P HOMS 9-104- - 

Tale Quale (5th), 33 Rostneme (i 
Una. 7 ran. NR: Phaidanto. Longboat. 
Majestic Hew. TML 5 jL 3L 6L 1^ L 
Cumani at Newmarket. Tote: £2.40; £1.50, 
£1.70. DF; £290. CSF; £9.46 3nwi 
I226sec. After stewards' Inquiry, the 
result stood. 

3.40(71) 1. FLEET FORM (J Reid. 6-1J. Z 
Reaourcefrf Falcon fT Qunn. 8-11: 3. 
Thresh It Out (W R Swinbum. 9-1). ALSO 
ran. 11-4 lav vainglorious (4tnL 7 
Romantic Unde, 8 hawaran Palm. 14 
CapDemutt Lad. Wununeux (StnV IE 
Bronze Corf. Jarrovten; Host the Axe. 20 
Golden Ancona. 25 Dark Promise (5tn) 13 

ran. 11»i. 3L 21. %l, 31. C Matson at Upper 
Lampoum. Tote- £7.40: £260. £350, 

2-1 Engeirgtee.3-1 
8-1 Bote DeatteilB-l The 

■, 7-2 Ten Bears. 5-i Tudor Road. 
*. 20-1 others. . . 

9-104 — 

25 00m MEDIA BOY (USMMreNS«niftfr1Q4 E Watte 

26 0001 SENOR MACMflrlCO J Cosgrawe 6-104 — NBonbege 
7-4 Pharaohs Own. 2-t Fitzherbon. 5-1 GnUa Way. 6-1 

Sammy Lux. 10-1 Drive Easy. 12-1 others. 

£1.90 DF: £43.60. CSF: £51.15. Tncasfc 
£399.69. 1mm30.70sec. 

4.1D (61) 1. GREY DESIRE |K Darley. 4- 
); 2. St Stew IT Oum 12- Th 3. Our 
Dynasty (S Cauthen, 100-1). ALSO RAN.- 

11-4 lav HaNgau (4th). 3 Oropyeu 9-2 
Prime Dominie. 12 Nastxa, 14 Que 

Taunton selections 

By Mandarin . 

6.0 Bold Dealer. 6.30 Debbies Prince. 
Ogden York. 7.30 Pharaoh's Own. 
Palla vicina. 8.30 Careen. 




3 0024 DmE5 PRINCE ffl)C Bravery 5-1 1-5 - 

4 0233 HIGH REEF ttyJBH □ R Tucker 5-1 1 -6 — SMcNtM 

5 DOM METW)STARjB)P Bowden 4-11-5 R Derate |41 : 

B 0000 WARRIOR UNCLE (B) D H Robinson . 

4-11-5 Mr DHoMroon 

8 P0 BALIAUMBA O O’Nefl 5-114 C Rutledge 

10 0332 GOAWU GO fit TNBBtey 5-114 PYtemra 

12 POO HONG KONG VENTURE O WteffB 4-114 AOirafl 


2 UB39 CRACKBULL Mm EKemtaro 9-11-10 — W(&k»(4) 
6 P CULM SOVEREIGN C Down 6-11-5. — Mr C Down (7) 

8 04PP JOE’S POLLY J Thoms 5-11-5 — H Denes 

12 23- PALLA VICINA J Fox 6-11-5 N Humer (7) 

14 OOOF RODDY ETON A P Jerries 5- 11 -5 GJonea 

15 0 TRUE FOURTEENER NHendetsem 5-1 1-6 JWWte 

18 -OOF FAB1Y KAN D Carey 6-114 C Janes 

21 OP- FRIDAY JANE C Popham 5-1 14 PRiemirts 

22 0230 HANDY LANE L KAnnard 5-1 14 0 Powell 

.. 22 840 SWEET START G Thomor 6-114. CBrorei 

;’ 29 . TyNAW D Turner 4-114 MtoeATtamerp) 

.31 ADJALS ACE J Thome 4-104 L Btoomhrfd jj 

33 MW EKAYTEE I Wordte 4-104... : KTawewdm 

X 004U REDGRAVE GIRL K. Bishop 4-104 SEarie(4) 

Sympatca (5ffl). 25 Anvgo Loco (5ihl. 100 
Green Dollar. lOrar. NR: Sweet Anetede 

I 3>. sn hd. nk. 1 St. tel. M Bmtaln ai wanteD 
Tote: £390. £1.40. £1.80. £5.10. DF 
£16.00. CSF: £45.41, Imai 1823oee- 
4^0 (81) 1. ELNAWAAGI (A Murrey. 10- 

iy.2. Pannenlch IVeHs (L Chamock. 16-lk 
2. Kadron (S Whnworth. 100-30). ALSO 
RAN: 52 lav AmDrosun (6ml. 7-2 God's 

11-4 Prftevidna. 10040 True Rjunaener. 5-1 Crackerit*. 

" ■ S FoBy. 14-1 

Ism (5mi. 10 Kmc ot Soadas. 12 Cath- 
erines Wen. MW Do (4th), Young 
y. 9 ran. NR: CappaWtty Pound. hL 
3L 2wi. 2), iv»l H Thomson Jones u 
Newmarket Tote: £1440: £3.10. £4 00. 
£1 50. DF: ES80.B0. CSF: £13245. Tncasc 
£589.45. 1mm i946aae. Alter stewards' 
mauey. rosrft swod. 

Jackpot not won. PtoCOflOt £2140 

15-2 Hant^r Lana. 8-1 Redgrava GlrL 12-1 Joe 

Pradier out 

15 0FPP STRANGE BREW MPtoe-4-114.. 

16 DP20 TBtRAmStENADVfintto«-114.. 

R Byrne | 

10 4344 ROSE'S DEAL Mrs A Tucker 4-104 
19 VULGARIS PDevs 4-104- 
154 Go Anna Ga 4-1 HWi Reel. 6-1 Debbies Prince. B-l 
Rental Deal, 14-1 Meiro Star. 43-1 others. 

8.30 WIDCOMBE NOVICE HURDLE (Div 11: £572: 
2m If) (14) 

1 0001 CAREEN M Pbjp 5-12-1 — 

3 DBA MY AISUNG A James 5-11-10 GJonea 

2m 31) (11) 

1 0144 BELTANE Hffi SMITH J Thome 6-11-10 MrNDgnn 

3 0400 MSTEH BOOT OONail 7-10-10 MrSCowtey 17) 

6 3000 OGDEN YORK J Francome 5-10-7. 

OOO ROYAL DPLOMAT M Rawtmgs 9-1 1-5 U Hoed (7) 

HHO-OEM T Helen 7-11-5 P Rtcharaa 

W&UAM PEtMAPSG Rfc« 7-TI-5- 

0 HONEY GAMBLE P Wakrfy 7-114—. 

8 MOO BLACK SHEEP I Dudgeon 9-10-0 U Richard* 

‘ QF32 CaPTAM PAT J t&3sr 10-104.. 

B I 

r 7-104- 

9 0F32 

1) 4430 imp _ 

14 P220 IVAHTfR T N (today ffi'. . 

15 FOOO GENERAL OPTION 8 Venn 6-10-0- 

16 HOT BIT OF SPACE G Ham 8-160 






22 OBOfflC EXPRESS R tiouar 6-11-0 

26 -POP RuOANSCAB Venn 6-11-0 . 

28 PF STSAtaHT MEMBER PHoDbs 7-11-0. 
31 Pfl Iff COOKE N Henderson 5-11-0 - 

33 PO LDCHFA8 TD Tuck* 4-104 

>34 NEARLY A LADY J Thome 4-IIHi 

8 - 11-0 DMunstow I 

Pradier will not run in the 
Derby. Patrick-Louis Biancone, 
his trainer, decided that the 
unbeaten half-brother to 
Pawneese was unlikely to han- 
dle the Epsom hill and has 
switched him to the Pris du 
Jockey Qub. ai Cbamilly on 
June 8. 


L Btoomheid (4) 

5 Mackey (7) Native. 

Evans Careen, it-4 My ABflng,8-i Tmo-Gem, 10-1 Gotten 
ve. 14-1 LOcMaat, 20- f mho*. 

• Ladbrokes report heai^ 
backing for the Barry Hills* 
trained Oaks hope Rejuvenate, 
who is now a 12-1 chance (from 
16-1) for Epsom. Other prices: 
5-2 Midway Lady. 8-1 Gesedeh. 
12-1 bar. 


Going: good to writ 
2.15 72m hue) 1. Aldington MW (C 
Warron. 7-2 jt-faw): 2. Jack (TLantem (10- 

1); 3, Wflam pie Prat (33-U Glen Maye 
. NR:Tubrowen. C 


7-2|t-fav.1ffl.8l. 18 ran. 

Tnetlna. Tote: £5.40; £140. 

£22.00. DF: £1550. CSF: £3451. 

2.4512m hole) 1. Deep Coach (C Evans. 
5-11: t Spariding Superb (16-1): 3. 
Candaules (5-4 fav). 15C 41. 17 ran.NR: 
Martin Cross. Sharpen Up Boy. D Garv 
OOdO.Tote E5.aO:n.40. E220.C1 JO. DF: 
E15.70. CSF: £81.44. 

3.15 (2m hdte) 1. Greenacres Girt (Mr E 
McMahon. 1 1-2); 2. Raprf Gunner <6-1 1: 3. 
Bort&afras pD-1). Yankee Doodle 7-2 fav. 
3J.2L17 ran. NR: CM1 Bank. B McMahon. 
Tote. £B2tt £150. £240. £450. DF: 
£14.ia CSF: £39.18. 

350 (3m ett 1. HBSngdon Boy (Mr M 
Arthurs. 2-1 Y. 2. Lonesome Park (12-ifc 3. 
CheoLia Ora (6-4 tevUt. 1W. 11 ran. NR: 
Thomascoun. Hawfmdge. R Harvey. Tote: 
£3.00: £1.70. D50. E130. DF: £850. 
CSF: £2521. 

420 (2m ch) i, WiggtMifi) (M VWduwns. 5- 
2); 2. Ahca’B Boy (2-Tlavl; 3, BaBy Code 
(14-11 101. TL 7 ran. Mrs A Hewm Tote: 
£220: £1.70. £150. DF: £250. CSF: 

450 (2m 5f hefla) i. Sourmuk (S McNerf. 
50-1). 2. Ligm Venture (50-1): 3. 
Lianpadng p4-l). Notts Popsi 4-6 lav. a. 
2W. 16 ran, NR: Aocfrea Dawn. Moreton 
Star. J King. Tote: £5650: £6.70, E7 50. 
£3.00. DF: warmer or 2nd n 250. CSF: 

520 (2m df cn) 1. Takeafeece (J 
Suham, 11-21:2, The Ftooriayer (7-4 lav); 
3 Netherortdge l9-1)Jik. 10L 10 ranNH: 
Zacoa M Hennnues. Tote: E5.80; £1 .60. 
£1.90. £1.30. DF: £1320. CSF: £16.02. 
Tncast £7557. 

Ptacepofe E30Gk40. 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Cedi. 40 wtonera from 102 
runners, 392%; M Stouts. 22 from 85, 
255%: M Jarvis, 8 from 48. 16.7%. 
JOCKEYS: Pat Eddery. 33 wrrmers from 
192 rides. 172%: S Cauthen 40 Iron 239. 
16.7%: G Starkey. 19 from 139. 13.7%. 


TRAINERS; H CecH. 10 turners from 19 
runrwrs. 526%: H Thomson Jones. 12 
from 32. 375%; C Thornton, 15 from 56. 

JOCKEYS: A Murray, 8 wtnnere, (tori 24 
noes. 33-3%: N Day. 7 from 34. 20.6%: J 
Reid. 9 from 46. 19.6%. 

TRAINERS: J Dunlop. 1 1 mmera from 26 
runners. 423%: H Cedi. 8 bom 24. 333%: 
F Durr. 7 from 36. 19.9%. 

JOCKEYS: J Lowe. 18 wmnera. 199 rides. 
92% D NtehoHs. 9 from 99. 9.1%: L 
Chamock. 11 from 127. 8.7%. 

Wednesday night 


Going: soft 
5,45 (3m 1 10 yd ch) 1 , Ryfaig Aea (Miss 
□ CaWsr. Evens fav): 2. Cheerie Chief (4- 

1t 3. Peace Clash t4-l». 6 ran. NR; Mr 
Nash. 8L 10. A Caldw. Tote: El .60: £120. 

£1.10. £2.90. DF: £2.00 CSF: ES.43. 

6.1 5 (2m 4< ch) i. Aden Apollo (D Nolan, 
25-11:2, Hold Off (9-2): 3. DoromcumK-- 
w 7-4 fav. S ran. 1%|. sh hd. 


Craigs Tgw: £52.00; £7.10. £150, £1.10. 

.30. CSF: £11854. 

6.45 (2m hdle) t, Rapid Beat (R Lamb. 
0 Tc* “* 

£4.00. £250 DF: £1120 CSF: £1659. 

7.15 (3m 31 40yd ch) 1. The Thinker (R 
LarrfL 5-2 Jt-tey^2. Caaa KrapejS-t); 3. 


Mss Rubbish (5-2 jt-tevL 4 ran. 13, 
^ftensoa Tote: £320. DF: £4.90. 

7.45 (2m ch) 1. Hardy Ranch (M 
Hammond. 5-2 jt-tavl: 2. WardsoK (921: 3. 
Anwhej Halt (5-1). Right Cloudy 5-2 g-fai 
6 ran Bua G Moore Tote: £7.4 



.40 CSF: 

(2m hdle) 1. Doweghra (C 

E1.3Q. DF.E650. CSF:E2186. 

8.45 (2m 6f hdle) 1. Tacwfiun (C Grant 
M-T): 2. Swirf Hcwe (2-1 favfc 3 jay Bte 
Thaw (12-1». TO ran. NR: Scoacwi S«UW. 
nk. 61. M Bowkar. Tote: £13.10; £3.40. 
£2.00. £4. SO. DF: £13.10. CSF: £42.17. 
Tncast £331 80. 


Two horses in 
need of trainer 


TRAVERS; D Burch sU. 7 winners from 19 
rumers. 36.8%. J Fox. 12 from 43. 275%: 
F Warier. 1 1 trom 48. 22.4%. 

JOCKEYS; S Moore. 7 winners from IB 

TRAINERS; R Holder. It winners from 47 
runners. 23.4%; M Pipe. 26 from 155. 
163%; J Thome, 15 from 100, 15%. 
JOCKEYS; C Brown, 14 winners from 90 
ndes. 15.6%: N Coleman. 6 from 47. 
12 . 6 %. 

Blinkered first time 

NEWBURY: 2.0 Betta Win. 4.0 FayruZ- 
BEVERLEY: 3 15 Cawkrff Trooper, 
Moonee Pond. 3/15 Nasos- 

NEWCASTLE: 2.15 J J Jimmy. 3.15 


Deccan Prince and Setter 
Country, both declared for 
today's Trencherwood Selling 
Slakes at Newbury, will only run 
if a new stable can be found for 

The pair have been trained by 
i he Barnstaple-based John Hill, 
but he was banned for eight 
months, by the Jockey Club's 
disciplinary committee on 
Wednesday after being found 
guilty of irregularities regarding 
percentage payments to bis stair 
and of delibnately misleading 
Jockey Club officials. ' 

Tony Newcombe. who owns 
both horses, is keen to run them, 
and has booked Walter 
Swinbum and Tony Clark to 
ride. He is hopeful he can 
remove them from Hill’s stable 
and take them to another trainer 
overnight, so that they will be 
ed to ' 

allowed to take pan. 

• The amateur nder Peter 
Greenall was fined £100 after 
finishing third on Cheekio Ora 
in Ludlow’s Gold Challenge 
Cup Hunters Chase 
yesterdav.The stewards called 
Greenall before them for “faii- 
tng to nde his hbrse out for 

second place" and were not 
satisfied with his explanation. 

'.s f. 





Indians put 

fin e effort in 
the shade 

By Richard Street on 

THE OVAL : The Indians beat 
Surrey by five wickets 
The Indians, playing their 
only serious one-day game 
before the Texaco Trophy 
starts tomorrow week, had to 
overcome a late crisis before 
winning this 50-over match 
yesterday. A target of 231 
seemed well within reach after 
Gavaskar and Azharuddin 
took the score to 162 in 39 
overs, with entertaining stroke 

Suddenly though, four wick- 
ets fell in Four overs. Gavaskar 
was beaten by a breakback. 
Azharuddin was run out. and 
in the same over. Paid gave 
Feliham a return catch. Shas- 
ui was caught at cover. 
Vengsarkar, however, with a 
series of fierce drives, made 45 
of the last 59 runs, and the 
Indians won with 15 balls to 

Surrey, put in to bat, began 
quietly before Butcher took 
control and dominated the 
innings with perfectly-timed 
drives and leg-side strokes. 
When he was fifth out, he had 
scored bis runs out of 217 in 
48 overs. He hit four effortless 
sixes over mid-wicket — two 
off Maninder and one from 
each, Shastri and Azharuddin 
— m what was his highest 
score in limited-overs cricket 
Jesty and Ward were the 
only other Surrey batsmen to 
reach double figures. Kapil 
Dev and Sharma restricted the 
final assault so effectively that 
Surrey lost their last five 
wickets for 15 runs. In sunny 
weather, marred by a cold 
wind, the Indian seamers 
bowled with good control. 
Maninder and Shastri. the two 
left-arm slow bowlers, took 
the brant of Butcher’s punish- 

Falkne rfiad already been 
dropped off Binny at second 
slip when he gave mid-wicket 
a catch. Stewart played on in 
the twentieth over as he made 
room to {Hay an aggressive 
shot against Maninder. Butch- 
er, unbeaten on 98 at lunch, 
overshadowed Jesty as 113 
runs were added in 19overs 
for the third wicket Jesty was 

undone by one of the few balls 
all day to keep low. 

Butcher and Ward put on 54 
in eight overs before Ward 
was caught behind. Just before 
he was out Butcher gave his 
first chance when Srikkanth 
almost completed a one-hand- 
ed catch at long-on. Kapil Dev 
was the bowler, and be went 
on to claim Butcher's wicket 
when he hit across the line. 

The Indians gathered runs 
smoothly from the start and 
reached 100 in the twentieth 
over. Surrey were able to 
indulge themselves by includ- 
ing both their overseas fast 
bowlers, Clarke and Gray, but 
neither was consistently dan- 
gerous. Gray, though, twice 
should have had Gavaskar 
caught — once when the 
opener was on 14 and Pocock. 
at mid-on, lost sight of the ball 
against the pavilion: the sec- 
ond time at 26, when surviv- 
ing a low chance to 
Monkhouse at first slip. 

Otherwise, Gavaskar 
looked perfectly at ease, and 
Srikkanth, rather unusually, 
was oulscored by his partner 
before he was run out after 
slipping in the middle of the 


A R Butcher few b Kapil Dev 140 

N J FaJkrar c Snkfcsnth b &nny 6 

A J SwwartbSmgh 9 

T E Jesty b Sharma 30 

DM Ward cPancttb Sharma 24 

tCJRicnardsc Pandit bKapi Dev — 3 

S T Ctarke b Sharma 2 

M A Fettham not out 0 

G Monkhouse c Srikkanth b Kap4 Dev. 8 
Extras ( b 1, to 1. w 1. nb 5) 8 

Total ( 8 wkts. SO overs) 230 

A H Gray. *P I Pocock. tUS not bat 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21. 2-48. 3-161. 4- 

215. 5- 217. 6-222. 7-222. 8-230. 

BOWLING; Kapi Dev 10-1-40-3; Btony 9 
1-29-1; Sharma 1 0-0-30-3; Seiflh 10-1 -48- 
1 ; Shastn 8-0-47-0; Azhanxtdn 3-0-34-0. 


K Srikkanth run out 14 

S M Gavaskar few b Ctarke 81 

M Azharuddin run out — 55 

D B Vengsarkar not out 51 

S M Patf c and b Feftham 0 

R J Shastn c FaUcner b Feflttsn 1 

'Kapil Dev not out 12 

extras ( lb 8. w 4. nb5) 17 

Total (5 wkts. 47^overs) Si 

tC Panda. C Sharma. Manndar SSngh. R 

M H Bmy <&d not bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-61, 2-102, 3-188,4- 

166.5- 172. 

BOWLING: Gray 100538: Ctarke 90- 
33-1: Fertham 93-962-2; MonMtouseS-O- 
400; Pocock 100300. 

Umpires: J A Jameson and R A Whita. 


Chance for 
British to 
regain the 

Indian hat tridc Gavaskar heads for his matcb-wmBing 81 (Photograph: lan Stewart) 

Gold chip off the old block 

David Hands . 
y Correspondent 

Thirteen years after the first 
international sevens tour- 
nament was staged in Scotland, 
as part of that country’s- cen- 
tenary celebrations, the abbre- 
viated game- offers another 
showpiece * starting, today in 
Cardiff It provides the focal 
point for rugby's contribution to 
Sport Aid, the money raised 
going to help the fentine- 
strideen areas of Africa. 

Eight teams contest the tour- 
nament, -which has been spon- 
sored by the -Welsh 
Development Agency and Brit- 
ish AirWays. Among the eight 
are New Zealand, who include 
in their squad four of the players 
— Kirk Botka, Brooke-Cowden, 
and Brooke — - who helped win 
the New South Wales sevens 
and the Cathay Pacific-Hong 
Kong Bank sevens. 

Not only has the southern 
hemisphere dominated -the 15- 
a-side game, recently ft has also 

dedicate moreofhis time to golf lighted to be sharing the fitir- 
ih is year. way s with the likes of Bernhard 

The intriguing aspect with Laager and Greg Norman. 

Baker is dial fee would not Baker,, who moved on to 
appear to be in a hurry to leave, practise at Pebble Beach, 
the amaieurscene. GrcatBrUain. California, returned home and 
and Ireland would cenamly finished sixth in the Hampshire 
benefit by Baker’s presence in Hag and . joint third in- the - 
the Walker Cud team next year Seaborne Salver before winning 

the Walker Cup team next year Sdborae Ss 

when the match against the the West of 
United States unfolds at ; ships in wh* 
Stmningdale. the defcndii 

“I shall see how this year goes play-off N 
before I make a decision,*' said earned ibrei 

organised itself to’ take charge of Baker. “The Walker Cup? WeH. 

SOUTHAMPTON: Kent (2pts) 
beat Hampshire by 63 runs. 

Hampshire will have to wait a 
little longer to win one of the 
two knock-out competitions. 
Their interest in this year's 
Benson and Hedges Cup was 
almost certainly brought to an 
end yesterday, Kent comfort- 

QuaJincauon for the quarter- 
finals will be resolved after the 
final round of zonal matches 
tomorrow Mien Kent, who have 

By I vo Tennant 

When they were out in swift' 
succession and Marshall, begin- 
ning a new spell, had Chris- 
topher Cowdrey pouched at slip. 
Hampshire had the game under 
control. Kent must then have 
reckoned they would do well to 
reach 220. 

Hampshire, though, missed 
Graham Cowdrey and Baptise 
when each had made five, one 
off a skier that swirled away 
from the fielder in a strong 
wind, and the other a stumping 

taken their wickets at a superior chance off Tremlett, the wicket- 
striking rate to Hampshire, play keeper standing up. Each bats- 

Middlesex at Canterbury. Their 
victory yesterday was brought 
about, m the main, by two 
major partnerships, one involv- 
ing Graham Cowdrey, who won 
the gold award for his unbeaten 
60, and tight bowling through- 
out Hampshire's innings, 
Underwood taking four for 26. 

Kent needed to win to stand a 

man made Hampshire pay for it, 
Cowdrey more so. 

Hampshire did not quite 
know what to do when four 
times in succession he made 
room to square-cut Marshall, 
swept Tremlett for six, and then 
drove him over the enclosure at 
extra-cover. These were not 
slogs. A third six helped 

chance of qualifying from their Cowdrey to 60 off 45 balls, and a 
strong group. Put in on a slow, partnership of 88 with Baptiste. 

damp pitch, they lost two early 
wickets before Benson and Tay- 
lor steadied the innings, and 
then consolidated with a third- 
wicket stand of 1 10. 

Their roles are now reversed 
in the sense that Benson batted 
at No 4 in his first season for 

Sir Leonard Hutton, the 
match adjudicator, and some- 
one who took more than a 
passing interest in Colin 
Cowdrey’s career, observed: 
"He looks to have a lot of talent, 
and his father’s temperament." 
And he added, in that way 

Students do better but 
fall to make the grade 

Kent's first team, and Taylor which makes the listener feel be 
developed as an opener. It was a is being let into a confidence: 
sensible partnership, without “Temperament is so important, 
too many frills or false shots, you see." 

Taylor's half century was the Hampshire, too, got off to an 
quicker of the two. made off 79 ordinary start losing Greenidge 
balls, indicative that he now and Robin Smith, while the 
possesses a wider array of shine was still on the hall 
. strokes than hitherto. Greenidge hit across the line at 

Ellison and Smith played sooner 
than ibe pitch would allow. 

Chris Smith, frustrated at 
making little progress against 
Underwood, swept him to Elli- 
son at deep square-leg, and 
Turner, similarly tied down, 
sliced an attempted drive to 
point. Next over. Terry, who 
had tasted 32 overs for 41, was 
bowled by Baptiste, and when : 
Nicholas holed out to long-qn, 
also off Underwood, Hampshire 
had slumped to 90 for 6. 


MR Benson cTenybTrarnlatt ! 65 

S G H«*s c Paries a Connor 2 

CJTsvanic Parks bMctotos ii 

N R Taylor c R Srnth bCowiey 67 

*C S Cowdrey e C L SnMti b Marshal ■_ 7 

G R CowtJroy not Out GO 

E A E not out ______ 25 

Extras (fell, w2.) — 13 

Total (5 wkts. 55 ows] 250 

Underwood dki not bet 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4, 238. 3-148. 4- 

154.5- 162. 

BOWLING: Marshall 11-435-1; Connor 
11-0-51-1; Nichole* 11-943-1; Ttentfett 
11-001-1: Cowley 11-0-891. 


C G B Greenidge few b Ettson 6 

VPTenyb Baptiste ; 41 

n AfimAeairthftmMM.. 4 

C L Srmtn c Bkson b Underwood 21 

DR Turner c Benson b Underwood _ 1 
"M CJ Nicholas cTararbb Underwood 7 
M D Marshal c Trart b Underwood . 33 

N G Cowfeyc Marsh bDitey 5 

T M Tremlett not out ____ 36 

tRJ Partes few bBNson 16 

C A Connor not out 4 

Extras (D1,toB,w 4) 13 

Total (9 wtds. Rovers )_____ 187 
FALL i ? WICKETS: 1-11. 337. 3-77. 4- 

80. 5- 80, 500. 7-100, 8-147. 9172. 
BOWLING: DBey 11-0491: Bkson 11-2- 
392: CS Cowdrey 11 -1-64-0; Baptiste 11- 
2-192; Underwood T 1-2-254. 

Umpires: D Lloyd and PBWDghL 

sevens and the four home 
countries may wish, on their 
own soil, to reverse that situa- 
tion, particularly the Scots, who 
claim sevens as their own." Their 
squad is based largely on the 
successful Kelso ride, several of 
whose players returned yes- 
terday with the Scottish party 
which concluded its tour of 
France and Spain with a 26-7 
win over a Taro selection in 
Toulouse on Wednesday 

Events elsewhere have de- 
prived the tournament of some 
outstanding players: New 
Zealand's unofficial visit to 
South Africa and Wales's 
commitment to tours in the 
South Pacific and Italy. Never- 
theless, the prospect of seeing 
David Campese and Glen Ella 
play for the. Australians. John 
Kirwan for New Zealand and 
the cheerful Fijians, who pro- 
vide a large part of the cosmo- 
politan Speed wings, is one to be 

The Welsh team, captained by 
Gareth Williams (Bridgend), be- 
gin the tournament on the 
Cardiff dub ground this evening 
when six qualifying games wifi 
be played. The tournament 
moves next door to the National 
Stadium, tomorrow ( 12.30 
where the final for the Wales 
trophy will be played at 435. 
Despite the recent appalling 
weather there is optimism that a 
large crowd will be present, 
numbers swelling as they did on 
the day of the Welsh Cup final 
last month. . 

5 unfolds ax : ships hi which he beat McEvoy, 
die defending c hamp io n, in a 
)w this year goes play-off Mow recently he 
i decision,*’ said earned three and a half points 

_ tiker Cup? Wefl. out of a -possible four when 

ft is obviously on my' mind, -.England beat France at 
especially as we cameso dose to Hossegor. 
winning at Pine Valley last year. The entire England team. 
But I am not prepared to take a with tire exception of Mike 
stance one way or another right Walls, are competing intbe” 72- 
aow. I shall play It by ear." hole event (the las 36 holes wiH 

Baker, however, is positive of be played on- Sunday). Steve 
one thing. He might like tbe McKenna, who won the Lyiham 
New Course, a sterner cantina- Trophy oufier tins month, and 
tion «hap die Old on which tire Bobby Egsp, winner of tire Daily 
professional tournaments are Mail Goff IHnstraied Gold Vase 

mostly held, but he has tremen- last weekend, will hope to 
does respect for iL *T like a strengthen their prospects of full 
tough course and the New is internatioati honours. 




by top four 

By Joyce Whitehead 

Teams from England, North- 
ern Ireland. Scotland and Wales 
today set out in search of a 
European title at the European 
Cup for dub champions in 
Utrecht— tire first time all Ibur 
home nations have been, repre- 
sented in the same year. : • • • 
Clubs from eight c ountri es 
wifi be taking part with Glasgow 
and Portadown, in one group, 
feeing teams from tire Netirer- 

laige crowd will be present, feeing teams from the Netirer- 
numbers swelling as they did on lands and France, while Ipswich 
the day of the Welsh Cup final and Cwmtawe are up against 
last month. . opponents from the Soviei 

Union and West Gennady. 

today’s DRAW: 630. wM Dragons v Ipswich and Cwmtawe were 

Phonal ch ampio ns in 1985 and 
New ZBmtSia Korus v Frovti Foxes; 7.30, have spent much of the last year 

WaSaiMs v Kestrels: 750. Scottish Stags 
v Footes; 8-10. Engfcsh Buidog* v Korus. 

Sharp steers Yorkshire to irecorcl 


Middlesex secured a place in 
the quarter-final round of the 
Benson and Hedges Cup when 
they gained their third success in 
Zone D by way of a comfortable 
victory against Combined 
Universities, at Lord's. 

With a couple of exceptions. 
Combined Universities' batting 
had failed badly in their two 
previous matches against 
Hampshire and Kent in Zone D. 
and they had been well beaten 
inside the distance. So, not 
many would have given them 
much hope of surviving for long 
against Middlesex's inter- 
national attack formed by 
Cowans, Daniel, Edmonds and 
Emburey, with Neil Williams 
bringing up the rear. 

But. with the Combined 
Universities being invited to bat 
on a slow paced pitch, Thome’s 
opening pair made a promising 
beginning and after Bail, who 
made 30, had become tbe 
second wicket to fell, when 
Edmonds caught him with the 
score 59, Fell and Tooley settled 
in well. At three and a half runs 
an over, tire Combined side 
came in to lunch at 146 for two, 
with Fell 41, and Tooley 50, in 
which there had been two sixes 
and five fours. Later. Thorne 
was to bat well, too. as the 
Universities reached 209. 

Ram during tbe night at 
Worcester meant the loss of the 

By Peter Marson 

place in shire in Zone A* had won the 
1 of the loss and chosen to field first 
up when But rain was hanging about 
access in here, too. and after Cook and 
lfortable Bailey had made 14 off six and a 
imbiaed bit overs, no further play was 
possible until six minutes past 

two. Then, with the sun shining 

Tqpuons, brilliantly, and Cook content so 
._jZ . n8 ' l seemed in his containing role, 
» ■ 1w ! Bailey began to get after the 21- 
year-oW fest medium bowler, 
rr“ u * M union, hitting him straight for 
^-5* cate ” six and driving him through 
»o, not covcr pcinj for f our as the 
m them bowlers line wavered. 

Three no balls made 
Munton's misery complete, but 
he bounced bade spiritedly to 
take the wicket of Cook with the 
score 96. Bailey was eventually 
bowled by Parsons for 86 and. as 
the pace quickened. Bovd-Moss 
made 58 before falling to 

Essex, last season's runners- 
up, have already reached the 
quarter-final round, and they 
neatly countered Glamorgan's 
idea of building a big total at 
Chelmsford where Lever and 
Foster restricted Hopkins and 
Jones to seven runs off the six 
opening overs. With a keen, 
alert field backing the bowlers 
efforts, the batsmen's opportu- 
nities were limited and only two 
strokes produced boundaries in 
tire first 25 overs. 

• ' By Peter B&Q " 

HEADING LEY: Yorkshire (2 
pis) bt Scotland by 167 runs. 

Scotland, conquerors of Lan- 
cashire on Sunday, found the 
White Rose offered sterner 
opposition in yesterday's Ben- 
son and Hedges zonal match. 
Yorkshire continued their 
impressive start to the season, 
amassing 317 runs — their 
highest score in the competition 
— which laid the foundation for 
their second victory in the 
group, claimed with 14 overs to 

All Yorkshire's batsmen, ex- 
cept the unfortunate Neil 
Hartley, enjoyed themselves. 
Sharp batting solidly for an 
unbeaten 105 in 39 overs and 
Moxon in his most elegant vein 
reaching 83. The total looked 
beyond Scotland and so it 

g raved as Peter Hartley took 
ve for 43 to win the gold award 
on his debut in tbe competition. 
Only Donald and. at the end, 
Duthie offering serious 

o On a cold, blustery day.? ing at De Neet only to chop a 
Swan's decision to put York- wide delivery on to his stumps, 
shire in quickly rebounded, caused something of a hiatus as 
Moxon and Metcalfe took Hartley followed one over later. 

advantage of bowling a little 
below fust class to give their 
side a flying start before Met- 
calfe was bowled trying to cut 
Henry, the former Western 
Province slow left arm bowler, 
whose introduction curtailed 
the initial onslaught. 

His fellow spinner Moir, was 
less accurate and with Sharp 
lending support, Moxon's 50 
came up off 72 deliveries, 
containing five fours. Most were 
driven-through the offside, his 

caused something of a hiatus as 
Hartley followed one over later. 
But as Sharp carried on towards 
bis century. Bairsiow and 
Stevenson swung the bat effec- 

Bairsiow helped add 43 in five 
overs and Stevenson replaced 
him to mount the final assaulL 
Yorkshire’s previous highest 
score in the competition. 273. 
was surpassed as Stevenson hit 
Moir on to the roof of tbe 
football stand. Tbe ball came to 
rest in the gutter to save itself 
from further punishment but its 


fund raising anrf training. 
Qualifying for the European 
Cup is an expensive honour and 
when beaten by the odd goal in 
the semi-final .of_ the P ngjand 
national championship earlier 
this month. Ipswich Were beard 
to say: “At lean we shan't have 
to go on raising money." 

Cwmtawe also missed out this 
year. They were at a dis- 
advantage after temporarily los- 
ing three of their best players — 
Wdsh internationals Marilyn 
Pugh. Marita Williams and 
Judith Evans — for a variety of 

Rena Nevada (UPIJ — A 
protest by the Nigerian team at _ .. _ 

Yuri Alexandrov's unanimous Evans — for a variety of 

decision over Hakeem reasons. That does nm mean, 
Anofowoshe in the quarter- ho ^ e y er -, ti “ T they wfll not do 
finals of die world amateur m Holland as they have 
championships was rejected yes- P* ent y. .of • grit and 

terday by the Amateur Inter- _ 

national .Bating Association paper Ipswich and 

(AIBA). The Nigerians had been Cwmtawe are in the tougher of 
told a judge had seen the Soviet the groups^ Baycr L everkusen, 
boxer wearing a ring when his from West Germany, and Boris 
gloves were removed and, under ft* Soviet Union, will 

AIBA rules, wearing such jew- some beating. The West 

On pap er 

timing sending the baO speeding replacement suffered violently, 
over the damp outfield while ifbriefly. as 54wereputonfrom 
Sharp's muscular blows slowed the last 35 deliveries. 

As his innings progressed. 
Moxon began to lose his ele- 

Scotland’s response flickered 
briefly as Donald and Philip 
began confidently. Philip, bow- 


iwvauii vc&ut jusc ms eie- oegan connaenuy. nuirp, how- 
wnce in the attempt to increase ever, became the first of five leg 
ihe rate and after being dropped before victims, though Donald 

twice, he drove to Moir to end a 
stand of 106 in 19 overs, leaving 

went on to an impressive SO, be 
found no support as Hartley got 

Shock for Old Hill 

By Michael Berry 

Old HID. the national dub round when Garner. 

Worcester meant me joss of the When finally Essex broke 

- mori H n 8 al New through, with Jones falling to 
*: oa ~: *T*t ,n Jo tat. Not- Gooch’s splendid running catch it .. . » - , _ ■ -T VWVII o OJ/IVUWV IIUIUIU^ VUIAII 

^*3. ^5* with the scone 49, Glamorgan 
played admirable versatility in quickly lost another three wfcfc- 

victones against Scotland and 
Yorkshire in Zone B, made a 
sound start and got to 77 off 25 

ets in the next seven overs. 
Ontong, alone, held on and had 
reached 58 not out when 

wntorteJossofRobinsonti Glamorgan's innings closed at 
lunch. Broad went cm to make 205 for nine. 

40, and Rice 
closed at 218 for seven. 

44 as 

There had been a prompt start 
at Edgtaston, where Warwick- 
shire, joint leaders with Derby- 

No play yesterday 

Benson and Hedges Cup 
DE RBY: Derbyshire v Minor. Countte. 
BRISTOL: GtoucestBrgHre v Sussex. 

cricket champions for the past 
two years, are out of this 
season's competition, sponsored 
by William Younger, following 
a shock first round defeat at the 
hands of their Birmingham 
League rivals. West Bromwich 

Waterhouse, the Staffordshire 
batsman and a new recruit at 
Dartmouth, scored 63 of their 
148 for six and Old HilTs star- 
studded line-up, unbeaten in 18 
games in the competition since 
losing to Shrewsbury in 1983, 
were bowled out for 1 15. 

Reading, last season's losing 
finalists, beat Hayes by 57 runs, 
Gorman cracking 41 of their 
match-winning 188 for four 
while Cowley St. John piled up 
one of the biggest scores of the 

Yorkshire sitting pretty at lunch enough movement to disconcert 
at 1 88 for two. ihe middle Older. 

The departure of Love, charg- Yorkshire 

v v ysiy M □ Moxon c Moir b Burnett ______ 83 

Old Hill 

J D Lorab OeNeef : 25 

SN Hanley tavOuWs- — : — ; o 

el Berry rOLBatotowb Burnett 22 

_ . . _ . G B Stevenson not out Z7 

round when Garner, the Extras^ 14, w 7. nb3) 24 

Oxfordshire captainjnade 140 Total (5 wkts, 55 owns} 1 317 

towards their 281 for seven. PCanfck. A Sxtebottom, P W Jarvis 


round when Garner, the E*ttas(Tt 14. w7. nb3) 

Oxfordshire captainjnade 140 Total (5 wWe.55 owns) _ 

towards their 281 for seven. 

S?: "jgjgajjy 1 yj*- 

ombe, were dismissed for 165. 220 , 5263 . 

The new sponsors of the bowling: Outhle 10-9591: DeNeef 11 - 


their introduction did little to iLPhipijwbStswnson ; 11 

cultivate the reputations of CVonsttcMwmo b Hartley (PJ) . 52 

Waretow (Steffordsbire). So 1 ton a a G |=^^^Sb^bSlylp^r^ ° 
Percy (Yorkshire) or Halwffl N 7 

(Devon). O Henry tavb Jarvis _____________ 2 , 

All three went out in the first n H j§ 

round after being removed for pq ntawa h cwifah iPLv . j 33 

15 or less. Halwill fared worse 0 Be Njetfc SMebodom b Game* 5 

against Feniton when seven of tJ 
their players failed to contribute Z, * 1) 

towards a total of 10 that fall of wjcxet!: 142. 24 
included four byes. Whitton 77. 580,6-96. 7-96, 84 to. 9t 
took eight for five for Feniton, 
who tad earlier made 165 for 

eight. Umpires: NT Plows and JWH 

elryi* fllpgal Kjermans are si 

Tbe board found no one who I championship players . 
had actually seen the incident 1 
and said that without evidence 
they could not overturn 
Alexandrov's victory. 

The board's protest panel was 
unable to resolve immediately 
another protest, filed after Felix 
Savon, of Cuba, was awarded a 
decision over Ecuador's Luis 
Castillo. • 

A right uppercut to the groin 
dropped Castillo to his knees 
and be was unable to continue 
the bout. The referee first dis- 
qualified Savon for the punch 
but the Cuban's coach, Akades 
Sagarra. protested. The five 
judges were undecided and the 
punch was declared fair due to 
their tied vote: Doctors are to 
conduct a physical examination 
of Castillo in an effort to settle 
tbe issue. 

A Meta (Cuba) bt J Lowe? 
rsMTienwHptit (57k): A Zutow (EG) tr a | 

McCarthy fire), pts. W e Bs i w sig lrt (87fc):C I 


Six of the 
best for 

New Zealand's young 
America's Cup .skipper Chris 
Dickson finished second 10 
Australis HI hr the recent 12- 
nmre world championship off 
Fremantle, took the lead » the 
Westerly Lymington Cup match . 
racing championship • last 
uightwhl i a one-race advantage 

over Britain's Chris Law. a nd 
American Peter Her after blus- 
tery winds - again delayed 
progress during ine second day 
of preliminary races. • ■ 

After completing ^the seventh 
round of heats yesterday, 
Dickson could count six wins, 
while Law and Ister had both 
suffered two defeats. Thud [place 
is shared by Law's fellow 
Araerea's Cup helmsman. Eddie 
Warden- Owes, and American, 
Gary Johsoo. who will both be 
fighting hairi.tfanMrgh the Iasi 
two heats this sksBina to a void 
the cur for die semi-finals also 
befoghc jd-Wy j/ ' • 

HEATS (aut^ to proton; 1. CDCkun. 
6 <mk. 1 locs;2.PwBrandC Law. 5 wins. 
2 toms: 3. E Wsnm-Chmn and G 
Jobwn. 4 m SU hel l S radh. M 
n fl asc Mto and John -E m, 3 wins. 4 
tasaexS. A HmtandL BonaMb, 1 wn, 6 

Protests continue 

Protests arc continuing over ' 
the dismissal of tbe Brighton 
and Hove Albion manager. 
Chris Cattiin, despite the re- 
appointment of their former 
manager. Alan Mullery. 
Supporters plan to picket the 
Football Association head- 
quarters at Lancaster Gate to 
draw wider attention to recent 
events at the GoWsone Ground 
and 2.000 supporters have 
signed a pledge to boycott home 
matches next season. 


- Total (404 orera ) 150 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-42. 242. 981.4-. 
77. 5-8Q, 6-96, 7-96. 8410,9118, 10-150. 
BOWLING: Srffebodum 8-0-44-0: Steven- 
son 7-9192: Hartley (P J) 11-9485; 
Jarrfs 11-1-24-1; Came* 3.£0-14-Z 
Umpires: N T Plows and J W Holder. 



Britain’s best 

on the target 



Benson and Hedges-Con 

g li ), 55 overs) 

RISTOU Gloucestershire 
Sussex - 

DERBY: Derbyshire v Min 

EDGBASTON: Warwickshire 
No rthampto n shir e 


CARDIFF: Sport Aid Sevens 

Second division: Fulham v 
Hunslet (6.45) 


TJ3|«&UTA SaM&ft toomame w t Lee- 


C^twed from page 31 


Today’ s tele vision and radio progr amm e; 

Edited by Peter Dear 
and Peter Davalle 


TV r AM 

6-t5 Good Morning Britain. 
andAnnoka Rica. News 
witfi Gordon Honoycombs 
«6j30 l 7J»,7jFk00 t 
8J0 and 9J»; sport at 

6.40 and 7.34; exercises at 
G ^S; cartoon at 7.25; pop 
«Oao at 7.55; Jimmy 
Greaves's tBfevteion . 
^ghtsata^ cooking 
at aLSH a report of a 
breakthrough in treating 
brejn-damagecl children at 
and homeopathic 
remedies far hair loss St 

itv/lqndq n 

•Even if it is only had tree 
what Alice Walker says in 
tonight's OMNIBUS film 
(8BC1, 10.20pm) -that white film 

Alice Walker aad The Color 
Purple: BB Cl, 10.20pm 

knowledge of the American 
blacks from Gone With the 
Wind - then her book The Color 
Purple with Its theme of social 
deprivation in the Deep South 
has a dauntlngiy uphiH task of 
proselytizing ahead of 
iLHowever. the PuBtzer Prize- 
winning author gets some 
worthwhile assistance from 
Samira Osman's Omnibus 
documentary, end from 
Steven Spielberg's movie 
version of The Color Purple 
which, it is hinted tonight might 
have foiled to win a single 
Hoflywood Oscar for reasons 
more racial than artistic. Only 
partially focusing on The Color 
Purple, the Omnibus ffon 

expands into an intelligent 
account of creativity In Hack 
women generally, ranging from 
Miss Walker’s literary 
predecessors such as the siave- 
poet PtuHts Wheatley to Miss 
Walker's own mdomttabie 
mother who made the quilt 
under which her eminent 
daughter stil sleeps. 

•Looking ahead to the 
weekend's programmes, let me 
draw your attention to two of 
special interest and, in one case, 
of special quality. SL-1: A 


(tomorrow, BJBC2, 830pm) is 

an American documentary about 
an explosion at a nuclear 
reactor in Idaho in 1961 that 
probably escaped your 
notice, as it did mine. Three 

died. Parallels with Chernobyl 
are inevitable. I regret 
that, presumably to intensify 
the nightmarish nature of the 
American disaster, h was 
thought fit to go into stow-mobon 
and add a menacing musical 
score. Wifi American film-makers 
never laam? Highly 
recommended is Sunday night's 
World About Us film. FLYING 

recommended is Sunday night's 
World About Us film. FLYING 

7.45). Attempting the first 
round-the-world flight In a 
helicopter. Dick Smith 
extended his audacity by 
eliminating aU the television 
middle-men. As wed as piloting 
the thing, he shot aflthe film 
footage and recorded his own 
commentary. Thirty -seven 
Thousand mite&Arid never lost 
for words. 

Peter Davalle 



h * T » 

11 " ^.TT|f7fy 

Cartoon series (ft 

43S Ffcw Sky Pirates £19761 
Another in the Children's 
Flfrn Foundation season. 
An adventure about 
diamond smugglers and 
children who belong to a 
radio-controlled model 
aircraft dub. Directed by 
Pennington Richards 535 
The Fintstones. Cartoon 
adventures of a Stone Aqe 

6.00 News with Sue Lawley and 
Nicholas Witched. 


635 London Plus. 

730 Wogan. Tonight's guests 
include Paul Hogan, Sian 
Philips, Julian Lennon and 
Beryl Bambridge. 

735 I’ve Got a Secret, 
introduced by Tom 
O'Connor. What are the 
secrets of live guests? 
Derek Jameson. Jan 

. of adulthood 11.15 A visit 
to a tramway museum 
11-27 Children learn about 
forests 11.44 How Islam 
affects the Muslim way of 

12.00 Teetime and CtautSa. (r) 
12.10 Rainbow. Learning 
about exploring with the 
aid of puppets. 

1230 Ageless Ageing. Leslie 
Kenton wttn die last 
programme in her series 
on delaying the ageing 

1-00 News at One with Leonard 
Parkin 1.20 Thames news. 

130 Ffem Hidden Honticide* 

(1 958) stamng Griffiths 
Jones. A writer goes to 
sleep in his London flat 
and wakes up in a country 
cottEne with a gun in his 

dead cousin on the floor. 
Directed by Tony Young. 

330 University ChaBenca 

Gascoigne &25 Thames 
news headlines 330 Sons 
and Daughters. 

430 Rainbow. A repeat of the 
programme shown at 
12.10 4.15 The Btamders. 
Cartoon series 435 
Scooby Doo 430 The 
Bfzz, presented by KeOy 
Temple and Lisa Maxwell. 
Fashion and pop videos. 

5.15 Horses for Courses, a 


out. (Ceefax) 

8.10 The Coibys. Jason, 
dumped by Francesca, 
finds ah ever-eager Sable 
ready to cushion iris felt 
Sable's daughters; ; 
however, are finding the ‘ 
course of their true loves 
are not running as smooth 
as they would like. 


3.00 News with John Humphrys 
and Andrew Harvey. 

330 Big DeaL Episode one of a 
repeat of the serial 
starring Ray Brooks as the 
inveterate card-player 
Bving from game to game. 

of the .great Lester, who Is 
trying to make a name for 
herself In the world of 

345 News with Carol Barnes. 

630 The 6 O’clock Show 
presented by Michael 


7.00 Me and My GM. Comedy 
series starring Richard 
O'Suffivan. (ri 

730 Murder, She Wrote: A 
Lady an the Lake. One of 
the guests at the im 
where Jessica is staying is 
discovered dead in a 
nearby lake. 

330 Home to Roost Comedy 
series about a divorced - 
• father Hvmgwnfrfusson. . 
(r)(gracte)^. -i .-Vi-:. 

. 9 jxrj^rnwtederseheo, Petr . 

. - .The Jast episode of the " 
comedy drama series 
about a group of brickies. 

1030 NewsatTenwifii Alastair 
Burnet and Pamela 

1030 The London * 

635 Open University: Nene 
Cottage and the 80s 730 
Weekend Outtook-Ends at 

930 Ceefax. 

345 Daytime on TWo: 

- Mindstretchers - w>k | tinns 
• 350 Ceefax 1315 Sex 
' education for the hearing 
impaired 1038 Plant foods 
1130 How the coirputer 
can help a map-maker 
1 132 How the people of a 
Japanese backwater make 
a nying 11.44 Economics - 
the importance of choice 
1235 Ceefax 138 Cefi 
biology 230 The work of a 
Juvenile court 230 English: 

school audiences about 
the mentally handicapped. 

235 Ceefax. 

345 Rating from Newbury, 
continued from BBC 1. 
The Hue-Wil&ams Stakes 

4.15 SSL 

535 News summary with 
subtitles. Weetnar. 

530 Momenta. Jenl Mur. 


about occasiops in her Sfe 
that had a profound 
impact (First shown on 
BBC South). 

630 FBmCIimbanAiigty 
Mountain (1 972) starring 
Fess Parker and Bany 
Nelson. A made-far- 
televison adventure about 
a New York policeman 
helping a local North 
California lawman track 
down an Indtan. un the run 
from a New York prison, 
who has the California 
man's son as a hostage. 


Radio 4 

1320 Omnibus: Alice Welker 
and the Colour Purple. A , 
profile of the Pulitzer Prize 
winner who Is interviewed 
in her North Carolina 
home. With contributions 
from Steven Spielberg 
who made a fum of her 
award winning book, (see 

11-20 F3m Gable and Lombard 

How the ticket touts got 
their hands on about a fifth 
of the tickets available for 
last week’s Cup Final at 
Wembley. {followed by 
, London nsws headlines. 
11.00 South of Watford. Hugh 
Laune visits the Mutoft 
Waste Company, a band 
• of urban gypsies. 

1130 Shoot Pood The final of 
the John Bull Bitter 
London Pool 

holder, Joe Barbara, 
meets the man he beat in 
last year's final, Steve 

1230 HawOBFtee-O. Ayoung 
man on his honeymoon, 
loses hte life because of a 
crooked card player, (ri 

130 Night Thoughts. 

Directed by Leonard Rom. 

735 House arid Home. 

Continuing htsseries on 
. the history of the small . 

home, Nicholas Taylor. . 
: visits a street in Preston • 
containing 19th 

630 Orchestra. Jane Clover ' 
examines court orchestras 
in this part of her story of 
the evolution of 
orchestras. With the 
English Chamber 
Orchestra, (ri 

330 Gardeners’ World. Geoff 
Hamilton and Roy 
Lancaster visit Murtef 
Hodgson's cottage garden 
_ . at Over Psover, Cheshire, 
which hoiisesriforethdn' ' 
2,000 dfftereirtgjants 

530 EntertttinmentUSAZ .. 

- Jonathan King upstates : 
his programme presented 
from Kay West, an exotic 
island 90 miles from Cuba. 
Plus the latest U.S. charts 
and the news from 

330 Your Lfie in Their Hands. 
How the staff of Whlpps 
Cross Hospital dealt with 
teenager Jackie Ross who 
arrived with severe 
stomach pains. (Ceefax) 

1035 Did You See.? For the 
last programme of the 
series Ludovic Kennedy is 
joined by Alistair Cooke^ 
Linda' Agran and Raymond 
Williams. They comment ' 
on Hypothetical®, Cagney 
and Lacey, and The Inner 

030 Nev«night 1135 

11-40 The Lords This Week. A 

review of the House of 
Lords's working week. 

1230 WMstte Test A repeat of 
Tuesday's programme 
which indudeaThe Go- 
Betweens and Latin 
Quarter. Ends at 1.13 

2.15 Their Lontettip*’ House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights of the day's 
procMcfings Ni the House 
of Lords. 

230 Good Momtai 1 Hues, in 
this test of two ffims from 
the Seventies to be shown 
this afternoon, B.B.King 
traces the development of 
Mississippi music from Rs 
roots in the cottonfleJds. 
Directed by Wak Lowe. 

330 Chicago Buies. With 
performances by Johnle 
Lewis. Muddy Waters. 
Floyd Jones, Buddy Guy. 
J.B. Hutto and Junior 
Weils. Directed by Harley 

430 Countdown. Today's 
challenger is Irene 



530 Car 54 Where Are You?* 

Vintage American comedy 
series about two hopeless 
- New York policemen, this 
week believing that their 
stand-in police Captain is 
a fearsome man when in - 
fact he is totally - 

530 The Chart Show. The pop 
music charts from this 
country and abroad. 

6.15 Revid. Gary Crowley and 
Jon Stephen Fink review 
the bast of the week's 
video releases. 

630 Solid 8ouL The guests are 
The Real Thing, Oliver 
Cheatham, T.C. Curtis and, 
on video, George Clinton. 

730 Channel Four news with 
Peter Sissons and 
Nicholas Owen includes 
an Interview with Israel's 
Prime Minister, Shimon 
Peres. Weather. 

730 Book Choice. Christine 
. Verity, a barrister and 
former Enid Btytonfen, 
talks about Barbara 
Stoney's biography of the 
children's author. 

300 What the Papers Say. 
Richard Ingrams casts a 
private eye over how the 
Press has treated the 
week's news. 

315 Bandung FSe. Magazine 
programme for Asian and 
Afro/Caribbean viewers. 

300 The Cosby Show. Cfiffs 
sister-in-law announces 
her engagement and the 
poor get and her fiance 
-Hfrith-edviee on wedded — 

. Miss. 

338' Gardeners* Calendar. ' 

- .-Coping with Indoor vines; 
planting blue berries and 
kiwi fruit sowing sugar 
peas. New Zealand 
spinach and bestt. are 

. among fills month's tasks. 

On long wave. VHF variations at 

535 Shipping 6.00 News Briefing; 

Weather 6.10 Farming 
630 Today inti B30.730.830 
News 345 Business 
News 635.735 Weather 
7.00330 News 735335 
Sport 7.45 Thought for the 
Day B3S Yesterday in 
Partament 830 Letters 837 
830 News 

305 Six Men. Brian Hix talks 
to Anne Brownfr) 

330 Hot Air. Anthony Smith 
and archaeologist Peter 
Fowler take a trip m a 
balloon over 

IDlOO News; International 
Assignment. BBC 
correspondents report from 
around the world. 

Winter Sound, byH E 
Bates. Read by Efizabeth 

1035 Daily Service (New Every 

Starring The Bodgers (s) 
1235 Weather 

130 The World at One: News 

1.40 The Archers. 135 

2.00 News; Woman's Hour. 

Includes a feature on the 
Council for National Parks. 

330 News; No Highway. 
NevrfeShutes novel 
dramatized in three partefll 
With Norman Bowler and 
John Clegg(rKs) 

4.00 News 

435 The News HuddKnes. 

Roy Hudd, June Whitfield 
and Chns Emmett laugh at 

430 Kaleidoscope. A chance 
to hear last night's 
edition, which Included 
comment on the film Nine 
and a halt Weeks, and 

American Potters Today, 
at the V and A. 

5.00 PM: News magazme.530 
t Shippirn 535 Weather 

6-00 News; Financial Report 
630 Going Places: Clive 
Jacobs and his regular 
team examine the world of 
travel and transport 
730 News 
7.05 The Archers 
730 Pick ol the Week. Anne • 
Nightingale presents her 
selection of extracts from 
BBC radio programmes 
over the past week (s) 

830 On Being a Judge. Judge 
James Pickles argues 
that heavy sentences can 
deter (r) 

BAS Aiv Questions? with 
MPs David Hurt. 

Gwyneth Dunwoody and 
Cynl Smith and Arthur 
Sea rg ill. From Choriey in 

930 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

845 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on The 
Marriage of Figaro at the 
Theatre Royal. Glasaow. 

10.15 A Book at Bedhme: The 
Love Child, by Edith 
Ofrvter (fmal part). Read by 
Lynn Farieigh. 

1030 Tne World Tonight 

1130 Today in Parliament 

11.15 The Financial World 

1130 Week Endmg. A satirical 
review of the week s 

12.00 News; Weather. 

VHF (available m England and 

5 Wales only) as above 
except. 5.55-6. 00am Weather; 
Travel. 11.00-1230 For 
Schools 11.00 Singing 
Togetherfs) 1130 
Introducing Geography 1140 
The Music Box(s) 1130 

See for Yourself 135300pm 
For Schools: 135 
Listening Comer 205 Let's ■ 
Join In 225 Topic 
Songbookfs) 230 Let's make 
a Story!(s) 240 Listen! 
530-535 PM (continued) 

. 1230-1. 10am Schools - 
- Night-Time Broadcasting; 
1230 Hallol Wie ueM‘97(9 

6 10) 1.00 ~ 

German. Levels 3 a 

Graf, flute. Gulli.viOhn; 
Giuranna: vioiai. weiss 
(Sarabanoe m C mnor: 
JunghaneUure). Stravinsky 
(Da rises concertames). 

! 830 News 

£35 Morning Concerfpart 

two. Larsson (Pastoral 
Suite). Bacn (Trio- Sonata in 
E minor. BWV 528: 
Koopman .organ). 
Mendelssohn (Three 
Caprices. Op 16: 
Artinuw^xano). Vaughan 
Williams (Toccata maraale). 
930 News 

9.05 This Week's Composer: 
Hummel. Rondo bnilant 
in A, Op 56. with 
Mascuazinsk i .piano). 

.: Sonata in C(D' Alton and - 
Beckett), ana Ouantet m E 

— - f*st-lor piano, strings. Op 87. 
10.00 Langham Chamber 

Orchestra (under 
Handiord). Arensky 
(Variations on a theme by 
Tcnaikovsky). Seiber 
(Besardo Suita No 2). 

Ireland (Concertino 

1035 Italian Songs; Philip 

Langridge (tenor). John 
Constable (piano). Includes 
works by Beethoven (md 
La partenzai. Schubert (ind 
Mio ben ricoraati). and 
Bnrten (Seven Sonnets of 

1140 Ernest Bloch: String 
Ouanet No 2 (Dekne 
-String Quartet) 

1230 Russian Music: John - 
Bmgharai piano). BBC 
Scottish (under Ba men). Pan 
one. Prokofiev (Piano 
Concerto No 2). 1.D0 Nbws 
1.05 Concert (contd): 

Stravinsky (Symphony in 
E flat Op 1 ) 

130 Roman Arcadia: Corafll 
(Concerto Grosso in B 
fiat Op 6 No 5), Handel ( the 
cantata Arrama a Fillide: 
with Gill ran Fisher and 

Kweiia.. sopranos) 

330 TheCoohrige 

Commissions: Bntten 
(String Quartet No 1 in D, Op 
25J and Stravinsky 
(Apollo ballet) 

430 Choral Evensong: from 
■ . ■ Lincoln Mmster. 4.35 

530 Mainly for Pleasure: 

Richard Baker with a 
selection of recorded music 
63S Guitar music EGot Fisk 
plays works by Granados 
(Four Spanish Dances) and 
Robert Beaser (Notes on 
a Southern Sky) 

7.00 The Art of Margaret 
Pr«e:(5). Recordings 
from Mozart operas, 
including Cosi fan tutte, II 
seraglio. The Marriage of 
Figaro and Don Giovanni 
7.30 Vieux Carre. The play by 
Term nes see Williams, 
starting Sheila Gish, 

Margaret Robertson. 

. James Maxwell. David Baxt 
Carole Boyd and Mark 
Roiston. Based en Wflkams's 

- .own experiences as a 

young writer In New Orleans ' 

■ MM 

11.00 Nocturne: Panuftik 
(Nocturne). Chopm 
(Nocturnes Op 27. No 1 jnC 
sharp mmor nand No 2 In 
D Wat: RuOm stem, piano), and 
(Symphony no 3. with 
Ochman. tenor and 
Polish National RSO and 
Radio Chorus) 

1137 News 1200 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open 
University. From 6.35am to 
6. 55. Women m two 19th 
century novets 

( Radiol ^ 

On medium wave. VHF - 
variations at end. 

530 Adrian John 730 Mfar 
Smith's Breakfast Show 930 
Scmon Bates 1230 

NewsOe at( Frank Partridge) 1245 
Gory Davies 330 Stave Wright 
530 NewsbeaqFranfc Partridge) 

730 A^ te Peebte^03CM^a The 
Friday Rock Show with Tommy 
Vancafs) VHF Radios 1 & 2> 

4X0em As Radio 21030pm As 
Radio 1.1200-430 As Radio 2 

( Radio 2 T 

430am Charles Novels) 530 
Ray Moorefs) 730 Derek 
Jameson(s) 9.30 Ken Brucets) - 
1130 jimmy Young plus legal 
Pfobtems answered by Andrew 
Pnimps(s) 1.05pm David Jacobsfs) 
2.05 Gloria Hunnitordfs)330 . 
Dawd Hairmtbn(s) 535 John 
Dunrvs) 7.00 Hubert Gregg 
-ttys Thanks for the Memory(s) 

730 Friday Night is Muse Night 
direct from Caird Han. Dundee. 
820-8.40 interval. Bran Usher 
relives a personal pilgrimage to the 
birthplace of Berlioz 930 The 
Organist Entertains Introduced bv • 
Nigel Ogaen(s) 935 Sports 
Desk 1030 Just William. William 
Davies introduces, conducts 
and plays some of his favourite 
music 1030 Benue CUftons 
Comedy Shop. With Pat Mooney. 
Tony Peers and Caroline Turner 
11.00 Angela Rippon (stereo from 
midnight) ,130am Nick Page 
irasents Nuhtride (s).3.0ff-430 A ' 
Lmte Night Musiqs) ; , - . . ■; 


630 Nemdosk 93D Mendun 730 News . - 
7m Twenw-Four Hours 730 Jazz from ' 
Europe 748 Merchant Navy Progr a mme 
880 News 839 Reflections 6.15 David 
Murvow 930 Muse Now 930 News 939 
Renew ot the British Press 9.15 The 
World Today 930 Financial News 940 
Look Ahead 945 A Short Waft m the ■ 
Hnau Kush 10.00 News 1031 The Poo 
Pram 10.15 Merchant Navy Programme 
1130 News 11.09 News ataut Britain 
11.15 m die Meantime 1135 A Leow from 
Northern Ireland 1130 Meridian 1230 - ' 

Twenty-Four Hours 130 John Peel 230 
News 231 Outlook 2.«5 John AriOTT S 
Cnttei Anthology 330 Radio Newsreel 
215 Aspects of Lme 430 News 439 
Commentary 4.15 Science m Action 54fi 

Crwtr 1 Mr . ■» ■- _ . 

Radio 3 



On medium wave. VHF variations at 
end of Radio 3 
635 Weather. 730 News 
735 Morning 

Concert: Beethoven 
(Serenade in D. Op 25: 

930 Haydn: Orpheus 

Chamber Orchestra play 
Hia Symphony No 44 
10.15 Ernest Bloch: Peter 
Manning (violin), Julian 
. Jacobson (piano). Baal 
Snem; Yidui (Contrition), 
Nigun (Improvisation), 
Simmcbahs Torah 
(Rejoicing) and Violin Sonata 

1 A n : TiPJl 

UK 9.15 Muse Now 945 The Heat otthe 
Day 1030 News 1039 The World Today 
■ 1 035 A Latter from Nonhem frslane inj® 
Flnaocial News 1040 Reflections 1045 
Soons Roundup 1130 News 1139 Com- 
memary 11.15 From the weeklies 1130 
Taming About Muse 1200 News 1209 
News About Brnan 1215 Redo Newsreel 
1230 About Britan 1245 Recordra of 
fe weeh ; 130 News 131 Outlook 130 
The Pop Press 1.45 John Ariotr s Cnckst 
Anttatogv 200 News 239 Review of the 
British Press 215 Network UK 230 
People and Politics 200 News 209News 
About Britain 3.15The World Today 
J-JSFJnanaol News 435fleflections 
f Plfl^'5S.J-2 a Il WBnt y' Faur Hours . 

546The World Today. AH times In GMT. 

94m: VHF953.-BBC Ratfip Londo^^ 

•j- r-Jv- Ay.;- jtr'X.: f 5 ftS - 

V 1135 Ren: Dr Franken i.4dun 



830 News 630 Probfems 738 
AUon Manret 7304L30 Riptide 
1030 Yow Say 1045 Tlw West and 

Moon Mamet 1032 Gardens tor At 1130 
Rl nr Sympioms 1240am Postscript. 

BORDER London except: 

News 130 FBm: 

Wheel ol Fata 249330 Water Gflr- 
O0h 830-430 Young Doctors 5.15-5.45 
Now You Sea It 630 Lookaround 

£S,L“S?l?S g,, £ ,aaa i»' 7 - ao A***™ 

Marfcel 10.30 FHirt- Story of a Lovo 
Srory 1230am Closedown. 

GRANADA As Undone*- . „ 

* cept I230pm-1.00 

Survival 130 Granada Report 130 
Week m Vnw 200-330 Hotel 330-430 
Young Doctors 5.15-5-45 Bavertu 











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FRIDAY MAY 16 1986 


















































a c 






















a i/ 















Everton men 
standing by 

From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Colorado Springs 


■ Those who are waiting for 
tales of wild, drunken and 
generally irresponsible behav- 
iour in the England camp are 
fn for a long sojourn. An 
illustration of the attitude and 
the spirit of “an absolutely 
terrific bunch of players.” as 
Bobby Robson describes his 
squad, was confirmed on 
Wednesday night. 

After all but a handful of 
them had contributed to a 
convincing 4-1 victory over 
South Korea, they returned to 
their palatial hotel and cele- 
brated quietly with a few 
glasses of Perrier water. It was 
the subdued reaction of pro- 
fessionals who felt that they 
had satisfactorily earned out 
their duties and ho more. 

The South Koreans may be 
outsiders in the forthcoming 
World Cup. the fixture may 
have been friendly and the 
arena may have been a local 
school playing field but 
England's performance during 
the IS minutes before the 
interval was alone worth a 
bottle of vintage champagne. 
It was the most sparkling 
quarter of an hour for years. 

Wilkins, who was supreme 
throughout and particularly in 
the first half, started it all with 
a feint that drew instanta- 
neous applause from a be- 
mused crowd of some 3.000 
spectators. From then on En- 
gland. running through their 
full repertoire of tricks, 
reached heights thai matched 
the peaks of die nearby Rocky 

There was a back heel from 
Hoddle, who matched Wil- 
kins for brilliance, that re- 
leased Sansom. There was the 
opening goal from Hateley, 

who galloped on to 
Beardsley's through ball, 
swerved round the goalkeeper 
and rolled it into the net. 
There was Hateley. threaten- 
ing to repeat the feat a minute 

There was Wilkins, with a 
spectacular overhead kick, 
creating an opening for Bryan 
Robson, who volleyed home 
with stunning precision from 
the edge of the area. And there 
was the best move of all, 
involving instant feathery 
touches from Hoddle, Wilkins 
and Sansom, which ended 
with Hateley slicing wide of an 
open goal. 

Although England retained 
their unmistakable superiority 
during the second half they 
slowed down the pace and, 
almost inevitably, fell away. 
They still added two more 
goals of genuine quality 
through Dixon, one of a host 
of substitutes. Barnes, another 
replacement, crossed accu- 
rately for him to score with a 
simple header on the hour. 

After Deuk-Soo Kang had 
claimed some consolation for 
the Koreans. Wilkins opened 
up their defence with a de- 
lightful pass and Dixon com- 
pleted England's display with 
a few minutes left The ham- 
burger stall was put away, the 
autograph books were brought 
out and the hotel caterers 
started opening the Perrier 

**We aren't peaking vet,” 
Bobby Robson said later. 
“Norido we want to. There is 
still a long way to go. We just 
need to keep raising the 
fitness, nursing the injuries 
and keeping things going. It 
was satisfy ing, especially dur- 

Enfield likely to be 
left out in the cold 

Non-League football by Pan! Newman 

Enfield are to go forward as sional playing staff in 
this season's Gola League 


candidates for election to the 
Football League. The Gola 
champions' facilities have 
been passed as acceptable for 
membership and at next 
week's anoualgeneral meeting 
ofthe Fpbttxdl League they 
wtflgjo fritoT pot! with the four 
chibs; seeking re-election — 
Cambridge United. Exeter 
City, Preston North End and 

fourth division but we believe 
we would more than hold our 
own. Playing standards in the 
Gola League and fourth divi- 
sion are fairly similar and 
there can be no doubt that the 
better Gola sides are superior 
to those in the bottom Half of 
the fourth division. 

ing that spell before half-time' 
because theyjiad some useful 

England's manager had seen 
South Korea’s 2-0 victory over 
Algeria, the strongest of 
Africa's two World Cup repre- 
sentatives in Mexico, and had 
been impressed. No one who 
watched the opening 20 min- 
utes, during which they at- 
tacked with high speed skill, 
can doubt that they are about 
to charm a global audience as 
did their northern neighbours 
in 1966. 

Although they may. not 
survive ui a difficult .group, 
that includes Italy, the hold- 
ers, Argentina and Bulgaria, 
they will be neither fragile, 
unimaginative nor docile op- 
ponents. As Robson himself 
admitted: "Last Sunday's 

game against the Air Force 
was a stroIL But this was a 
demanding game. They 
stretched us. 

Yet England, in continuing 
their sequence of successes, 
have paid a price. Beardsley, 
Hateley. Hoddle and Hodge 
all returned with injuries and 
are considered doubtful . for 
the more severe test against 
the Mexican Wodd Cup frosts 
tomorrow in Los Angeles. 
Thus Everton's representa- 
tives, and especially Lineker, 
may have to be involved 
earlier than planned. 

Robson wanted them to 
stay behind here at altitude 
rather than go there to the 
Californian heat. If Lineker or 
any of the other three do go, 
"When we get back we will 
take them up to 10,000 feet, 
give them a packed lunch and 
let them stay there for half a 
day. r 

Bailey, still recuperating af- 
ter his cartilage operation, will 
remain here and . so ■ may 
Stevens, Tottenham 
Hotspur's version, who is 
suffering from “altitude 
nausea." Otherwise, the rest of 
the party is fit, including 
Bryan Robson, whose shoul- 
der, hamstring and Achilles 
tendon problem gave him no 
cause for concern during his 
45 minutes’ work. 

But the players are taking no 
risks. A lecture by Professor 
Gyde Williams, of Loughbor- 
ough University, convinced 

iHtafce of fclqbtfl would Slow 
down their 

At foil stretch: Fenwick prepares to thwart Kyung-Moon daring England’s 4-1 victory against South Korea 

David Buchanan, of Blyth altitude, jfow " 1 Idngiw& jbfey 

Torquay United. 

Enfield’s chances of success 
appear slim, although through 
no fault of their own. They 
have an excellent playing 
record, a reputation for play- 
ing entertaining football, a 
sound financial base and a 
ground which has been im- 
proved considerably in recent . 

The fundamental weakness 
in their case is a lack of 
drawing power, due particu- 
larly to the proximity of 
Tottenham Hotspur. Al- 
though Enfield's gates im- 
proved over the last season, 
their average was still less than 
800. It also seems unlikely that 
the League would vote out one 
of their fellow dubs only 12 
months before the introduc- 
tion of automatic promotion 
and relegation from and to the 
Gola League. 

Enfield have never before 
applied to join the League — 
they decided against doing so 
when they had the chance as 
Gola champions three years 
ago — and will not attempt to 
emulate the extensive election 
campaigns mounted by some 
clubs, notably Maidstone 
United, in previous years. 

“We will let our case speak 
for itself," Alan Dimem, 
Enfield’s secretary, said. “We 
would retain a semi -pro fes- 

Yoller tops 
hit parade 

KAISERAU (Reuter) - 
Franz Beckenbauer, the West 
German team manager, his 
optimism boosted by a 3-1 
win over the Netherlands, put 
the emphasis on goal scoring 
when he finalised his World 
Cup football squad yesterday. 
The key figure in his 22-man 
party was Rudi Voller. who 
scored two brilliant goals in 
the win over the Dutch to 
confirm his recovery from 

Yoller has now scored 18 
goals- in 31 matches. His 
tremendous pace has made 
him the target of late tackles, 
two of which have kept him 
out of action for much of the 
past season. The other 
attackers are all proven 
marksmen: Rummenigge, 
Allofs. Littbarski and 
HoenessThe four dropped 
from the provisional squad 
were Mill, Gruendel, 
Buchwald and Funkel. 

SQUAD: Goalkeepers: H 

Schumacher, U Stain. E Unmet, 
glanders: K Aunanthaler. T 
BerthoW, A Brahma, fl-P Bifege), N 
M HergeC D 
Midfield players: K 
f^oewar. L Matthaeus. F Magath. 

KAH Ofa-DH oeneas. P UttbarsW, K- 
H Rurnmenigge. R voter. 

Spartans, has replaced the 
injured Paul Davies, of Kid- 
derminster Harriers. in the 16- 
man England squad for two 
semi-professional internation- 
als against the Republic of 
Ireland at Kidderminster on 
May 24 and at Nuneaton on 
May 26. The annual four- 
nations tournament has been 
cancelled following the with- 
drawal of Italy, because 
of a clash with domestic 

field), D Richardson (Maidstone), P 
Shirtfiff (Frictdey), J Davison ( 
tnneham). D Howell (Enfield), 



on the Pettier, water? 
iey would like to think that 
they will do so until the end of 
the tournament," Bobby Rob- 
son said. 

Walker (Blyth). N 
ey (Ridder- 
(Btyth). C 

ton United). P 
■Ashford (Enfield). K Casev 
minster), D Buchanan (| 
Richards (Enfield). A 'Agana 

• Bass, the brewers, have 
signed a £27,000 three-year 
sponsorship agreement with 
the North West Counties 
League. The Multipart 
League's current sponsorship 
agreement has been extended 
for another season. 

• Blue Star have won promo- 
tion to the Drybroughs North- 
ern League first division at the 
first attempt. The Newcastle 
club scored 133 goals in 
winning 36 of their 38 second 
division matches. Bishop 
Auckland are first division 
champions for the second year 
in succession. 


Beckenbauer: named squad 

New Manor 

Oxford United, the Milk 
Cup winners, are to unvail 
plans for a new football stadi- 
um to replace their cramped 
Manor Ground which holds 
only 14.500 people. Robert 
Maxwell, their chairman, has 
told local councillors that the 
new 1 stadium will have an 
artificial playing surface and 
form part of a sports and 
shopping complex. 

Kenya support 

Nairobi — Kenya are going 
ahead with preparations to 
attend the Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh in July 
despite the rebel New Zealand 
nigbv tour of South Africa. 

Pleat asks 
for time 

David Pleat, the manager of 
Luton - Town, has . delayed 
making .his. decision 1 over 
whether or not to take over at 
Tottenham Hotspur until this 
morning. And the Luton 
chairman, David Evans, has 
forecast that Pleat, who has 
been offered an improved 
contract at Kenilworth Road, 
will turn down the Tottenham 

Pleat and Luton’s board, of 
which he is a member, spent 
two hours and a half in private 
discussion yesterday, during 
which Pleat tokl them that he 
wanted to accept the job at 
White Hart Lane. - 
-But Pleat said later -.The 
chairman has re-emphasized 
several points to me regarding 
such things as coniractural 
responsibilities. There is a 
love affair between myself and 
this club. I am flattered by the 
Tottenham offer and I have 
decided to give myself another 
few hours before making a 

Lock banned 

Pa ul Griffiths, the N uneaten' union kxik, has .been 
suspended by his club and 
banned from their ground for 
five years following an inci- 
dent before the home match 
against Moseley last month. 
Griffiths, who was serving a 
suspension at the time, walked 
onto the pitch while the 
players were wanning up and 
struck and butted the Moseley 
prop. Graham Smith. His 
explanation was that Smith 
had caused him an injury four 
years earlier. 


Castle reign 

- Andrew Castle; from Taun- 
ton, won one ofthe most vital 
tennis” matches of his career 
when he reached the semi- 
finals of the Lawn Tennis 
Association’s Masters Tour- 
nament at Lee-on-Solent yes- 
terday. Castle, aged 22. beat 
the fifth seed, Brazil's Danielo 
Marcelino, 6-3, 7-6. The vic- 
tory was worth an additional 
eight points on the world 
ranking computer. 

Cricket gift 

The multi-millionaire crick-- 
ei supporter, John Paul Getty* 
UI, has donated £10.000 to- 
wards Leicestershire’s - plans 
for an indoor sports centre. 

Test drivers at greatest risk 

Elio de Angelis, of Italy, the 
Formula One driver, died in a 
Marseille hospital yesterday 
after being injured in an 
accident . while-, testing ■■ his 
Brabham-BMW car. - 

De -Angelis suffered skulfr 
brain and chest injuries when 
his car crashed at about 
170mpb and overturned dur- 
ing testing at Le Castellet on 
Wednesday. Doctors at the 
track had to use heart massage 
to restore a measurable heart 
beat before de Angelis was 
taken to Marseille by helicop- 
ter. Because of the severity of 
his condition the hospital 
decided not to operate on the 
Italian, who was third in the 
1984 world championship. 

The- latest motor racing 
tragedy brought an immediate • 
demand for improved safety' 

By John Blnnsden and John Goodbody 

measures. L’Eqidpe, the au- vulnerable not dnring the race 

thoriiative French-daily sports 
newspaper, repented that oth- 
er drivers training at Le 
Castellet were, threatening to 
slay away from. the. Belgian 
Grand Prix at Spa on May 2S 
if the International: Motor 
Sport Federation (FISA) did 
not listen to their views cm 

' L'Equipe quoted the 
Frenchman Patrick Tambay, 
who had a narrow escape 
during last Sunday's Monaco 
Grand Prix. as saying, “We 
must get together on this 
problem, but owe do not have 
the right to speak, then okay, 
no race at Spa." 

The tragic accident to de 
Angelis provided.. a. further 
painful. reminder that a grand 
prix driver is at his most 

itself, nor even during those 
frantic laps of pre-race qualifi- 
cation, but when he is devel- 
opment testing in the lonely 
environment of - a circuit 
closed lb the public. - 

The teams who went to Le 
Castellet this week were there 
partly to prepare the cars for 
the French Grand Prix in two 
months' time and partly to 
lest and evaluate design modi- 
fications to their cars. The 
whole purpose of develop- 
ment testing is to improve 
performance, which zn turn 
means exploring and probing 
new boundaries of mechani- 
cal. electronic and human 

No amount of e mergency 
equipment in the wags will 
prevent motor racing being a 

hazardous and occasionally a 
lethal sport, built is important 
that lessons are learnt and 
acted upon every ; time 
tragedy occurs. Race and medr 
ical personnel worked with 
bravery and dedication this 
week co release de Angels 
from his car, rescusitatc him 
and send him on his way to 
hospital critically injured. 
Perhaps certain aspects of the 
rescue operation could have 
been made easier and swifter 
for them with the help of more 
sophisticated equipment But 
this should be Judged only 
after appropriate debate by the 
people involved, in conjunc- 
tion with qualified colleagues. 
and not during the emotionai- 
ly-cfaaiged -atmosphere which 
immediately follows a tragedy 
of this magnitude; ' ■ " 


Durie regains her appetite 

From Rex Bellamy; Tennis Correspondent, West Berlin 

Playing her first tournament 
for two months and her. first 
on shale for nearly a year, Jo 
Dime advanced -to-tfte fast 16 
"Hudareva;"' Of 
Czechoslovakia,' T- 6 , 6 - 1 , £3. 
A rejuvenated Miss Durie 
must now overcome Sweden’s 
Catarina Lindqvist to set up a 
quarter-final collision with 
Martina Navratilova. 

Miss Durie has been unable 
to recapture the form that 
carried her to the semi-finals 
of the French and United 
States Opens in 1983 and 
earned her a ranking in the 

world top five. However, a 
long break from the rigours of 
the -circuit seems to have 
recharged; her-appetite.fbr the 
biraararcitt*- me oocT* 
^Nonetheless, the selfdoubt 
thattias?k(gged:bet;ga^e for 
the pasttwo years was initially 
evident as she made a tenta- 
tive start to her comeback 
match. Her forehand, poten- 
tially a formidable weapon, 
refused to unleash its true 
power and her tendency to 
take the ball too early or too 
late' proved costly as the left- 
handed Miss Budarova took a 

Miss Budarova is a compe- 
tent shale-court player who 
has . never made the headlines 
because there are po prizes for 
frrettinefirin tire ^t 
Miss„Dfrri^ c^. ficr 

jiignlar witb a vengeance her 
opponent found impossible to 

Miss Budarova, outclassed 
and aware of it was eventually 
driven to the desperately 
cheeky expedient of serving a 
drop shot instantly succeeded 
by a point-winning lob. But 
that was no more than a good 

stranglehold on the opening line . Miss Durie rattled 
scL off the last two sets in clinical 

Diego Perez, a flamboyant 
wild-eyed Uruguayan, created 
the first big surprise of the 
Italian Open here yesterday 
when he defeated Sweden's 
Joakim Nystrom 7-6, 3-6, 7-5. 

After Ivan Lendl Nystrom 
has been the most successful 
player on the Grand Prix tour 
this year, but success takes its 
tolfand, after three hours and 
20 minutes ou -court.imdera 
burning sun, it was' clear the 
warning beds were ringing for 
the slenderSwede. 

At the start of the first set 
both players were tired, but 
when Nystrom stroked his 
way to a 44) lead Perez reacted 
coirectly by switching to a 
policy of all-out attack. 

As for Aaron Krickstern, if 
he has ever wondered why he 
is no longer ranked in the 
world's top ten, he need only 
study the transformation that 
has occurred in the game of 

From Richard Evans* Rome 

the man who beat him 6-2, 6-3 
in the thiid round. 

Emilio Sanchez, of Spain, 
was, like Krickstein, a player 
reared in the day court tradi- 
tion. But, unlike the 19-year- 
old American, Sanchez 
realized that a player without 
a volley was doomed to a 
second-class existence •. cm 
today’s ‘ competitive 7 circuit 
where faster, surfaces domi- 
nate. So he too kJoixnself .off to 
the United Stales and spent 
six months -.'pfayjng — . and 
often losing — on -cement or 
fast indoor carpets. : 

Now, on day, Sanchez can 
serve and volley or stay back 
while poor Krickstein, whose 
big forehand carried him to 
the final here in 1984, has still 
not learned how to get to the 
net. Therelies the reason why 
Krickstein is 38th in the ATP 
rankings while Sanchez, win- 
ner in Nice and Munich 
during the past four weeks, is 
34th and climbing. The mod- 

ern message is clear adapt or 

On another day of brilliant 
sunshine and cool breezes, 
Boris Becker overwhelmed 
Leo Lavalle, the Mexican left- 
hander, 6-1, 6-3. The match 
served as a timely reminder of 
die enormity of Becker’s 
achievement over the past 12 
months, for Lavalle is the 
current holder ofthe Wimble- 
dorrJunior title and yet is four 
months older than the cham- 
pion' himself, who will not 
turn 19 until November. 

Apart from a lapse of con- 
centration early in the second 
set Becker looked the senior 
player in every sense and will 
now put the Sanchez volley to 
the test in the quarter-final 
RESULTS: Singles: TTwd round: E 
gantftejStfbt A Krickstein (US) 6- 

(Hartfl 6-1. 6-ZB Backer (wSStL 
Uvafle (Max) B-1, 6-3: D Perez 
gJrujgay) bt J Nystrom (Swe) 7-6, 3- 

fesbion and is finally begin- 
ning- to resemble the player 
who looked so menacing beck 
in 7983, 
c HUther^neremduded Are 
d rea- -‘Fbtttesv an. - - flftoa 
Mandlikova and Steffi Graf 
Miss Teraesvari beat ..Helen 
Kelesi, of Canada, aged 16; 
whose parents (like .those of 
Jakob Hbsek mid Michal 
Baroch) moved out of Czecho- 
slovakia afler.the 1968 Soviet 
invasion. The reader who 
wrote to ask what had become 
- of Miss Mandtikova should 
note that she- is still in 
business, as Kathleen Horvath 
will testify. 

Miss Graf had "a bye and 
then won two matches at a 
total cost of only three games 
(Sabrina' Goles was 
yesterday’s victim). The rap- 
idly rising 1 6-year-okl is youn- 
ger and ranked higher — third 
m the world — than a better 
known German, Boris Becker, 
who won Wimbledon without 
having to play any of the top 
four seeds. 

“Steffi is more consistent," 
a German, colleague explains. 
“Boris is a little up and down. 
But men's tennis is harder." 

There appeared on a prac- 
tice court a figure that con- 
jured images of the circus: 
cavorting on a trapeze, per- 
haps, or perching perilously 
on some horse cantering 
around the ring. - Miss 
Navratilova wore a white 1 - 
shirt, bright red shorts and, if 
you please, royal blue tights. 
She never even blushed. 

RESULTS: Second round: J Durie 
(GB) bt I Budarova (Cz) 3-6, 6-4, 6-1. 
Third round: H Markflikova (Cz) bt K 
Horvath (US) 6-3, 6-2; A Temesvari 



(Hun) bt H Kates/ (Can) 1-6, 6-1, 6-3; 

O.B Bunge (WG)btH Suhova ~ 

6 , 6 - 2 . 



Leading riders have a double target 

Ronnie Massarella, the Brit- 
ish show jumping team man- 
ager, has brought his four top 
riders to the Spanish Nations 
Cup meeting here with one 
aim: to prepare them for the 
World Championships in Aa- 
chen, West Germany in July. 

Nick Skelton,' , Malcolm 
Pyrah, John and Michael 
Whitaker are the four riders 

From Jenny MacArthnr, Jerez de la Frontera 
Nations Cup event for the here, said that the horse had 

the six-day show here 
Massarella intends “to gpt 
them thinking as a team again 
rather than as individuals". 
The last major International 
event in which the four com- 
peted was the World Cup in 
April which is an individual 

Massarella is confident that 
he can get the four riding 
together as he did last year 


second year In succession. 

Massarella is also anxious 
to see how. Next Amanda goes 
with Michael Whitaker. She 
suffered from musde trouble 
in her back at the World Cup 
but is now recovered. 
Whitaker is u udedded wheth- 
er he would prefer Amanda or 
Next . Warren Point 'for. the 
pend on how she goes here. 

Whitaker’s elder brother. 
John, has brought Hopscotch, 
his reliable European Champi- 
onship horse who won the 
Grand Prix at the Spanish 
Nations Cup meeting in Bar- 
celona two. years ago. Pyrah is 
without his . top. norse, 
Towerlands Anglezarke, who 
is resting, and will ride 

ringworm. Pyrah disputed this 
and was reported to the stew- 
ards of the British Show 
Jumping Association for argu- 
ing with the vet’s decision. He 
has now brought Sea Pearl, his 
ttprspeed horse, instead. 

Skelton has Raffles Apollo, 
who be would : choose, 

Twelve nations are entered for 
Monday’s event, the third of 
the Nations Cup 
seasonjnduding Brazil. Chile, 
Argentina and Morocco. 

The French, whose top rid-, 
era are resting after being in 
crack form to win the Nations 
Cup at Lucerne last weekend, 
are fielding a 

wno oe wowa , cooose, m are netamg a younger tw»m 
preference to Raffles St' James West Germany,. Italy and 
if picked for the world (dram- Switzerland are also compel- - 

pionships. Hie two other Brit- 
ish riders competing here are 
David Bowen, the 1984 Olym- 
pic reserve rider, with' Boysie, 
and Kelly Brown, who was 
specially invited to compete 
by- the show o rganize s. Sue is 
riding the on-Tonn Foxlight, 
who was third in the Grand 
Prix at Lucerne in Switzerland 
last weekend. 

_ . Towerlands Diamond Seeker, 

when they won tire gold medal Pyrah was also unable to bring 
‘ the^auopean Champion- -his second horse, Straight* 
sfep*-’ He hopes a by-product away, after the vet of Pedens. 
of achieving his aim will be ' ' 

that the team wins Monday's 

Although the home show at 
Jerez de la Frontera is weU 
estab lished, this will-be - the 
it .has' stag ed ih e 

wf res P° Qsi_ - winch normally alternajes be- J u mpin g.- 

ble for bringing the horses tween Madrid and Barcelona! Wednesday. 

ing. The . Swiss .team are 
. without their top combina- 
tion, Heidi Robbiani and 
Jessica; die Irish-bred mare 
injured her off-hind after fell- 
ing through a double at Lu- 
cerne ana will ;be off for die 
rest ofthe year. 

'Hie show starts today with 
two jumptoff classes. The 
Grand Prix, won last year by 
Michael Whitaker on Aman- 
da, lakes place on Saturday 
afternoon. Tuesday is a rest 
day after the, Nations Cup and 
-the show, -finishes 'with ' the 
Dprby on 

At a 5oa& A&fook 
match f-ttirestfrr attended^ 
the Rand Stadium in Jobs®* 
nesbmg there was a defay & 
the kick-off The home teantfa^ 
was ready and limbering upfa* . 
the tonne!, tfae . referee -was ' ' 
looking at his watch. Bqi 
where were the visitors? it ^ 

discovered theywere outride 

in the car parti changing fe . 
their bus. They would not use 
the visitors” dressing room fe 
case a spefl of misfortune had. - 
been cast upon -ft .for a witch 
doctor on behalf of the homt 

team. They were Iff minutes 
fare onto the pitch — and siin 
tost- - .-y. - 

Wben such a saefer phe- 
nomenon can be found infer* : 
enring different tribal grogs : 
when they meet m the sport- ' 
mg arena, it becomes more# 
ap pa re nt to. the foreigner jnsi^ 

political crisis. Whik it istnje ' 
that the black and coloured ■* 
population has a huge major, 
ity — there are 27 miUrao; 
compared ^with the five m3- 
Kon^ Afrikaaners/^tropeans -- 
that majority conriss of 11 -- 
different tribal --minorities i-‘- . 
which, in all probability, j--^; 
would not unite sofeffy behind ". a y 
a single political feadejrsuch as v .J 
Mandela. . - /A'-'.. 

Tbe tribal breakdown fe . - .. 
Zulu and 
each rix - million; 

Tswana and cotoured/Asiam^ 
each three miHidn; northern^ -- •*- 
Sotbo, 2.6 million; southern- 
Sotho. two. mQlion; Tsonga -r v * 
and Swazi, each one mfihon; . ^ 
Indians, Ndebde and Vends, 
each eight miflion. Even with - 
a hypothetical absence of .. 
whites. South Africa would 
contam ^t^ y similar 

could be fohnrfa«lby genera- 
tions of ii 


all races 

F ore igne rs who demand of 
South Africa a system of bfackH 
and white integrated schools 
overtook a simple but insuper- 
able statistic: there are not 
enough whites to go round, 
and me situation win .become 
more ex^gerated- with a pre- 
dicted con-white population, 
of45 aaiBwja^Ltfe; yea* 2fl® 
and, currently, a negative 
white birth rate, v 
Yet almost every week at 
present there fa fresh hope 
that, with the national govern- 
ment systematically with- 
drawing the many chains of 
apartheid a compromise may 
be found which mil avert . 
bloodshed . Eddie Barlow, di- 
rector of the South African 
Sports Office based in Lon- 
don, revealed at a press cotf-* ..^ i 
ference yesterday some recentF- 
developments in sport, which — 1 
reach the root of what is ; 

needed i-r v • 

During debate on the bud- 
get speech of Gerrit Viljoen, 
the minister of education, it 
was stated by Sam de Beer, his 
deputy, that “spores adminis- 
trators must involve the while 
South African schools in 
sporting contact with schools 
of all the race groups." The 
view is a total about-turn from 
the tong-established apartheid 
practice of keeping schools 
separate. Viljoen has further- 
more said there must, be a 
unitary education system with 
equality for alt races and that 
the Vervberd policy of Bantu 
education was wrong' - 
Let us see if it happens. It 
needs time for such radical 
action to take effect, to estab- 
lish the depth of middle-class 
black population that could 
rationalise the call for bloody 
revolution. Yet such a change 
within schools will put further 
pressure on the South African 
Council of Sport <SACOS) to 
review its policy of non co- 
operation in integrated school 



s fever, 
years on 

/; pubUdty 

V - -■ ‘ft 


SACOS has already discov- 
ered that a refusal to ustP 
certain pfayiog fields is detri- 
mental to its own means the 
ultimate lesson of all boycotts. 
The ban on arms sales to 
South Africa has. for instance, 
resulted -in South Africa be- 
coming a manufacturer and 
exporter of arms. 

Barlow, a former Test crick- 
eter and captain of Derby- 
shire. who is .leading the 
reformist attitude within do- 
mestic South African, sport, 
admitted yesterday to being 
embarrassed by the present 
Mew Zealand rebel rugby tour 
which “is clouding the issue,** 
but he forecasts that there wiff | 
be more such tours with their. ' 
disadvantageous publicity. 
The sad aspect of the rebel 
torus, Barlow comments, is 
that money is wasted on 
overpaying the tourists - 
money which couW be spent 
on developing integrated 
sports. - £ 

It is the responsibility of*>' 
sport, he argues, to-work now 
awhe multi-racial social strut- i 
ime,' . . . . • - 

. David Miller