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No 62,459 

£ ' ~ .?"> * V 




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Better economic news for embattled Cabinet 

falls to 
lowest in 
18 years 

Mrs Margaret Thatcher at- 
tempted last night to* revive 
the plumettmg fortunes ofher 
administration and die Con- 
servative Party by openly 
accepting that the . Govern- 
ment must listen and respond 
to the new fears of the 

She -said she heard and 
cared about the anxieties of 

the people and set herself the 
ts of "slaying the 


of unemployment 
meeting the challenge of 
education. • 

After a disastrous eight days 
dominated by dismal election 
results, unfavourable opinion 
polls mid unemployment set- 
backs, the Prime Minister 
spelt out to the Scottish Con- 
servative conference in Perth 
the message that had been 
delivered by the voters. 

She said: "What I tinny 
people are now saying to die 
Government is thu: 'you un- 
derstood what worried us a 
few years ago. And you had 
the guts to do some thing about 
it- Do you understand what is 
worrying And ifyou 
do, will you show the same 
guts and sort that out tooT 

“There is only one answer 
to that: ‘Yes, yes and yes 

She willingly acknowledged 
“all is not well” in education, 
the "gemline concerns" about 
the National .Health. Service 
and the continuing fears about 


By Richard Evans, Lobby Reporter 

- t- 

Her words echoed those of them. 
Mr Malcolm Riftdnd, Secre- 
tary of State for Scotland,' who 
told demoralized party work- 
ers north of the border 24 
hours earlier that the Govern- 
ment bad to listen to the views 
of voters who bad backed the 
Govenjmentih 1983_but had 
•since deserted in droves. - - 
Mrs Thatcher said the Gov- 
ernment-had achieved funda- 
mental changes for Britain 
and had delivered many of its 
promises. Inflation was ax bay, 
trade union law' transformed, 
real improvements had been 
made in the- NHS and there 
had been enormous progress 
towards a property-owning 

But she added: "There are 
still dragons to be slain — 
most notably tmemploy- 
ment — and other rfrflneng pg 
still to meet, not least in the 
edttcation of cot children.” 

Mbs Thatcher admitted foal 
the local Section results had 
been "disappointing*. . 

Sbe tackted head on the 
_ accusation from the 
yemment’s political oppo- 
nents foar foe in particular 
and her administration was 
uncaring. > 

"Surely, caring is what you 
do,, norjiist what you say. And 
those who talk most are not 
always those who do most We 
need no lessons in care from 
other parties. We want to 
solve our nation’s problems 

We are in politics 
because we care.” 

Reviewing the 

Government’s achievements 
she highlighted the fell in 
inflation to 3 per cent, taking 
power from the big union 
bosses and giving it to rank 
.and . tile members, cutting 
income tax and giving people 
every chance to buy their own 

"Don’t take those achieve- 
ments - for granted. They 
weren't gained easily. But oh 
how easily they could be lost" 

Mr. Norman . Tebbk 
admittedthat the party had 
lost confidence in itself and 
was tending to concede the 
initiative to Labour and the 

But in a fighting speech be 
said the Government now had 
to set out its objectives in the 
remaking of Britain. 

He insisted the next election 
would not be won by aban- 
doning existing government 
policies and "joining in an 
auction for votes bought with 
the voters’ own money”. 

_ His speedvtbe first by a 
Conservative Party chairman 
to a Scottish Tory conference, 
appeared to boost the de- 
pressed morale of party activ- 
stsand he won the customary 
standing ovation. • 

The Government had so 
totally destroyed the case for 
socialism that Mr Neil 
Kinnock had been forced to 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The rate of iaflalian fed 
sharply to 3 per cent last 
month, from 4 2. per cent in 
March. This was the lowest 
since January. 1968. 

The Ggans are a w el com e 
relief for the Go ve r nm ent, 
brtfeted by bad news 
mttmptoymraLmaa nlatlBriiig 
r-wrtprt and sharply rising h- 

. Mr Kenneth Clarke, foe 
Paymaster General and Coto- 
meas spokesman on employ- 
ment, described foe drop 
excellent news. • 

. “1 can only hope that ire 
never again take any st 
either by excessive pay settie- 
meuts or excessive public 
spending, that might risk tak- 
ing ns men the nightmare 

of byper-inflatioB,” he added. 

The drop in the faflati— 
rate to 3 per cent was tq 
than expected. Farther, 
gender dedmes are fikdy in 
the fw iug months, - 
The Chancellor of the Ex- 
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, 
addressing Confederation 
British Industry m em b ers in 
the West Midlands, said the 
Government was wefl on the 
way to Its abjective of stable 

The ChanceBsr’s Bad& 
time prediction was for per 

cent iaflatioa by the rad of foe 
year. Some CSty ecounmi 
are now predicting iaflatioa of 
2 per cent or less by then. 

The Treasmy is pre p a ri n g 
ite arid-year forecast, which h 


Botham and his wife, Kathy, were 
_ a hasty retreat yesterday after a 
meeting with the police at the office of Mr 
Alan Herd, the cricketer's solicitor, to John 
Street, Bloomsbury, London. The 35-ramote 
interview with Dtt Supt Alan Stephens, 
head of West Cornwall C3D, and Dd Sgt 
Harry Sfeaman, of Plymouth CDX fhOowed 
reports of dn^-taking mi Mr Botham's 

marathon walk from John O’GroaXs to 
Land’s End in October and November last 
year to raise £406,000 for leukaemia 
research. Afterwards Mr Herd said that he 
coaid not comment because of matters that 
were tiie subject of a police investigation. 
The police said that a report would be 
sabmitted to the Director of Pnblic Prosecu- 
tions. (Photograph: Chris Harris) 

Galtieri is 
to 12 years 

not exploit them or disguise ; haul down the red Sag 

Cup fever, 
20 years on 


attendances were 
Ming, though the 
Mersey dubs 
dominated the 
league and cup. 
Then Alf Ramsey’s 
England team won 
the World Cup . . . 

— ^cld— 

• There is £12,000 to 
be won in The Tunes 
Portfolio Gold com- 
petition today— the 
weekly prize of 
£8,000 plus the dafiy 

• Yesterday’s£4,000 
prize was won outright 
—details, page 3. 

• Portfolio fi st, page 
20; nries and how to 
play, page 36. 

Case collapses 

A High Court test case to 
determine whether whooping 
cough vaccine can cause team 
damage collapsed when the 
judge “regretfiilly” dismissed 
an action on behalf of a 16- 
ycar-oldboy Page 3 

Censure fails 

The French left Mod in tfs 
censure motion ' against the 
Chirac Government when foe 
National Front backed its use 
of the pari iatnen tar 

guillotine Page ■ 

Share tip 

Speculators could make a 
good longterm investment by 
buying oil shares — or any. 
other shares that are out . of 
favour at the moment 
Family Money, pages 25-33 

Hook Newt 23 . 
Owtwas <5.7 

Baths, deaths, 

aiitiigs 19 


Chess ZJ4 

WU3 * 

Yxeats ^ » 

Feaotres 8J1-I8 


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' By^utheoy Bevins, Po&kaFCorrespondent 

1 An.embarrassingwrangje 
brokeoutin WMtehaD yester- 
day over foe controversial 
proposals to cut mortgage 
assistance for unemployed 
homeowners. ' 

One Downing Street source 
said that Number 10 had. not 
befo infonned of the timing of 
the amtounopment, delivered 
in a written . Commons reply 
by Mr Tony Newton, Minister 
for Social Security, oh Tfcurs- 
dayjugfit "• " ; 

* It was also said that Mr 
B^nard lngham, press secre- 
tary to tire Prime Minister, 
should have been told that it 
was coming. There was* dear 
inference that the timing 
-would have been delayed man 
attempt to deflect publicity 
and protest in what has been a 
difficult enough week for Mrs 

But Downing Street also 
stressed that the draft regula- 
tions now to be considered by 
tire Social Security Advisory 
Cotnnnttee were only for con- 
sultation. Some journalists 
drew foe conclusion that they 
would be dropped 
. Thai was decidedly not foe 
view of other govern me nt 
sources. One senior minister 
said that the announcement of 
the proposed £30 million cut- 
back had not been a banana 
skin; it had been carefully 
considered in cabinet commit- 
tee; that any timing would 
have been unfortunate; that 
demands fire ^sodal security 
spending were insatiable, and 
the line bad to be drawn 
somewhere; that Mr Newton' 
had put up a strong defence for 
the change? and - that the 
decision would stick. ' 

There is, nevertheless, foe 
likelihood of a strong Conser- 
vative backbench revolt if the 
regulations are confirmed and 

debated in foe Commons, 
possibly in July. 

Mr Neal Kinoock said yes- 
terday in an intraview on BBC 
radio's World at One pro- 
gramme: “It is a further 
exposure both of the injustice 
or their policies and foe 
incompetence with whidt they 
cany them out” • 

- The Labour leader said that 
the Government was 
people who were very mi 
down, and he foresaw substan- 
tial electoral implications be- 
cause ft wonld be "yet another 

slab of evidence” to underpin 
the voters* view of the Conser- 
vative Government 

A Gallup opinion poll, pub- 
lished in yesterday’s Daily 
Telegraph, added to the Tory 
tension with a finding that tire 
Conservatives had slumped 
six percentage points into 
third place, while the Alliance 
had jumpettjjy 6-5 per cent 
info second place behind La- 
bour. The figures were Labour 
38 percent; Uberal-SDP 32.5 
per cent, and Conservatives 
27.5 percent 

Mr Kinnock : said that tire 
Conservatives had been very 
busy this wedt;. and added: 
“Tm not sure whether they are 
stabbing each other in the 
back orstabbing each other in 
the chest.” 

He said that there were 
three civil wars in tire Conser- 
vative Party: between those 
who wanted, to cut spending 
and those who wanted to 
spend more; "the war of 
Maggie’s succession”; and 
“the Norman war”. - 

He said foal although Mr 
Tebbit, the Conservative Par- 
ty chai rman, was attempting 
to reassert his authority, he 
knew be had made a mess of 

noipnblisiied. ft is understood 
to show more s&ggisb growth j 
but tower inflation than was 
foe case for foe Bndj 
Last month's inflation rate 
of3 per cegt.was foe lowest for 
more than 18 yens. It was 1 
equalled ' h Fetnvy I960. 
Tire tost tine inflation was 
lower was te January 1968, 
under a Lubov Government 
The retail price index in 
April was 3853' (January 
1974=100), a rise of 1 percent 
from March, whea it w 
38L6. Two-thirds of foe Bad- 
ge* rise ia cigarette duties, 
expected to adds total of Up 
to a packet of 20, cai 
through tost month. 

But the foree-qnrter pent 
reduction in m ortg age rates 
and a &2p-a gaflan fefl in 
petrol prices, to an avenge of ! 
170-2pagaDoo, helped toke .. 
tire rise in overall prices down. 

Petrol prices tost month 
were 33p a gaBon down on 
May tost year and there hare 
since been farther folk, to less 
than 160p a ration. This wSD 
help- to pash the inflation rate 
tiris month below 3 per cent 
with another fell likely to 
Joe, to abort IS per cent, 
when the next mortgage rate 
redaction cooes throngn. • 
Commenting on last 
month's ■ figure, Mr Roy 
HattefSley. foe Shadow Chan- 
cellor, said: "The Government 
is : anderstaadably pleased 
with todayV retail price index 
figures bnf the cotetry has had 
to pay a terrible price for this 
single axcess.” - 
The drop in the inflation 
rate wffl prt pressme on foe 
Chancellor to cat interest 

. Leading artide, page 9 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Three members of 
Argentina's former ruling mil- 
itary junta, including the for- 
mer President and army 
commander; General 
Leopoldo Galtieri, have been 
convicted of negligence for 
hanchnyandloang tire Faik- 
Jaods War, according to re- 
ports published here 
yesterday^ ..... 

According to tire reports, 
tire Supreme CcHWcfl- of -the 
Armed Forces has sentenced 
General Galtieri to 12 years’ 
imprisonment. Admiral Jorge 
Anaya to 14 years and Briga- 
dier Basilic Lami Dozo to 
eight years. All three had been 
stripped of rank, unidentified 
military sources said. 

The other 13 officials ac- 
cused of negligence, induding 
General Mario Benjamin Me- 
ntndez and Lieutenant 
Alfredo Astiz, have been ex- 
onerated or disciplined. 

Legal authorities said that 
should tire reports he true, tire 
military prosecutor-general. 
General H£ctor Chnale, would 
have to appeal againsi the 
verdicts as they differed sub- 
stantially from those he had 

Leading article, page 9 

Lifetime watch on 
100,000 Russians 

By Our Foreign Staff 

Dr Robert Gale, the US hospital, only 

transplant ex- 
pert treating Chernobyl vic- 
tims, said yesterday that more 
than 100,000 people will have 
to be monitored for foe rest of 
their lives for foe effects of the 
radiation leak. 

He said in an American 
television interview before 
leaving _ Moscow, that the 
death toll had now risen to 13. 
.He expected there would be 
more people — but not great 
numbers — dying as a result of 
the radiation leaked during 
foe explosion. 

But he added that he and 
Soviet doctors were concerned 
with foe long-term effects. 

"We know from foe atomic 
bomb explosions that there is 
an increase of risk of cancer 
and other complications that 
extends for many years,” he 

Very few of tire patients to 
be watched for the rest of then- 
lifetimes would be individual- 
ly affected by radiation, but 
they would have to be moni- 
tored because of the increased 
risk of cancer and other 

Dr Gale said that of tire 35 
radiation victims who had 
been critically ill in a Moscow 

24 remained 


When it was poi 
that this was a lower figure 
than he had given 24 hours 
earlier. Dr Gale replied: “Un- 
fortunately, people are con- 
tinuing to die.” 

Two Soviet citizens died in 
the immediate aftermath of 
the explosion three weeks ago 
today. All the subsequent 
deaths have been asa result of 
severe radiation poisoning 
and Western doctors treating 
the victims admit that it is 
inevitable that foe final death 
toll will go higher. 

Dr Gale plans to return to 
the Soviet Union next week to 
continue his mercy mission, 
which is being financed by foe 
American oil millionaire, Dt 
Armand Hammer. 

ft is expected that Dr Gale 
will be involved for years in 
dealing with foe long-tram 
effects of the disaster inside 
the Soviet Union. 

Mr Vladimir Lomeiko, foe 
chief spokesman of the Soviet 
Foreign Ministry, hinted 
strongly yesterday that foe 
Kremlin would refuse u> pay 
any compensation to West 
European formers as a result 
of the nuclear faD-out from 

say BR 
to shed 

By Edward Townsend 

Industrial Correspondent 

Foot thousand workers at 
British Rail Engineering Ltd 
(BREL) are expected to be 
dismissed under a restructur- 
ing plan for the fndnstiy, 
according to union sources 

Hie job losses, to be an- 
nounced on Tuesday, are at 
most certain to provoke 
another Commons stum, com- 
ing after the 3£60 redundan- 
cies announced this week by 
British Shipbuilders, and 
1J00 by British Caledonian. 

The BREL redundancies 
will beat Glasgow, Donfeaster, 
Wofverton in Buckingham- 
shire, and Eastleigh, near 
Southampton, according to Mr 
Keith Sneddon, national orga- 

nhaer of TASS, foe white collar 
section of the Amalgamated 
Union of Engineering 

British Rail test night woald 
not confirm or deny the redun- 
dancy figure to advance of 
Tuesday's talks between the 
BREL nwimyniwif and rail 
anion leaders id London. 

The BREL workforce has 
been reduced to 22300 to the 
past four years, a cat of 
12,000, and Mr Sneddon said 
the latest news whs a disaster. 

At Tuesday’s meeting, the 
anions will hear details of 
manpower changes resulting 
from the BREL decision to 
split the company into two 
groups: construction and 


that the job losses will be 
mostly in the maintenance 
divisions at Wolverton, Don- 
caster and Eastleigh. 

• Several hundred redundan- 
cies are expected to be an- 
nounced to the next fortnight 
at the privatized Swan Hon ter 
shipbrtMIig yard on the Tyne. 
The management said the job 
losses are a direct result of 
lostoga£120 million Ministry 
of Defence order to Harland 
and Wolff of Belfast 

Police riot 
school for 

An £89,000 police riot train- 
ing school is to be built in 
Manchester, raising recent 
spending on public older m 
the region to nearly £500,000. 
Local councillors yesterday 
ve Mr James Anderton, the 
reater Manchester chief con- 
stable, permission to start 
negotiating on a tease for a 
disused warehouse in Traffoid 
Park, to cost ratepayers 
£34,000 a year in rent and 

A further £55,000 will be 
spent on building mock street 
scenes for riot training. 

Building society loans 
stay at record level 

By Lawrence Lever 

The building societies are billion during the next few 

maintaining record lending 
levels against the onslaught 
from the banks and other 
institutions for a greater share 
of the mortgage market, ac- 
cording to the latest figures 
from the Building Societies 

The societies promised a 
record £3.6 billion to mort- 
pplicants in April, about 
million more than the 
previous highest level of £2.8 
billion, the association said. 

The number of mortgage 
applicants at 125,000 was 
abooi 16,000 higher than the 
previous record. 

The societies* actual leading 

in April also hit a record 
of £2.85 billion, and the 
association predicted that this 
would increase to about £3.5 


Mr Richard Weir, secretary- 
general of the BSA, said 
yesterday: "Seasonal influ- 
ences explain part of the 
increase this year, but declin- 
ing interest rates and societies* 
fast and efficient mortgage 
service probably explain most 
of their success in an increas- 
ingly competitive market”. 

The societies were main- 
taining adequate inflows of 
funds to cope with tbe mort - 
gage demand and had suffi- 
cient liquidity to absorb a 
small fell in inflow, the associ- 
ation said. 

The societies' net receipts in 
April increased to £756 mil- 
lion from £657 million the 
previous month- 

Kenneth Fleet, page 21 

Pym becomes 28th Tory MPto stand down 

By She3a Gmra 
Political Staff" 

Mr Francis Pym, the former 
Cabinet Minister, last night 
became foe 28tb Comavaove 
MPto announce he would not 
be standing at the next general 
election. ■ 

The annomcemeat to his 
Cambri dg eshire Sooth East 
constituency association ended 
months rt speculation- abort 
his ferine. - - - 

In spite of Ms recent criti- 

He became Foreign Secre- 
tory at the height af foe 
Falkland?, crisis brt was dis- 
missed by' Mis Thatcher im- 
mediately after, the 1983 
General Election. Daring his 
25 years to the Ctonmons he 
has .also held foe prats of 
Defence Secretary, Chief 
Whip, Leader of the Hone, 
Northern Ireland Secretary, 
ChaaceHor of foe Duchy of 
Lancaster and Paymaster 

“Since it is no longer accept- 

to stand 

rfve a 

He toftd Tht Times: “My 
feeling is that after foe offices 
I have been fortnnate enangh 
to bold and the work I lave 

done in fth Pariument, font 
really is aS I can do to foe 
front fine of politics. 

profession are vital; the wel- 
fare state, where fundamental 
c h a n g es are overdue; foe rates, 
which tite Government is now 
beginning to tackle; and hous- 
ing and the toner cities”. 

Most of the Conservative 
MPs who have announced 
they wfll not stand again will 
be over 60 by foe next general 
el e cti on . 

The most prommert names 

Mr Pym: says age is only 
reason for retirement. 

tau ' give • ^sucli a 

“I shall continue to be a firm 
supporter of all the 

Government's - objectives. 
Where. I believe different' or 
more radical -pofiefes are re- 

quired I shall conttone to press 

“These areas include nnem- 
pktymert, where a more com- 
prehensive . strategy and 
apanrionist economic policy 
are required; education, where 
raising academic standards 
and the morale of foe teaching 

. Sir Keith Joseph, Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science (Leeds North East); 
Mr Janies Prior, who has been 
Northern Ireland Secretary 
jmd Employment Secretary 
(Waveneyk Mr Geoffrey 

Rippen, fanner Environment 
Secretary (Hexham); Mr Nor- 
man^ St John-Stevns. framer 
Minister for foe Arts and 
Leader of the Hesse (Chebno- 
fonO; Sir Hnmphrey Atkins, 
formra Northern Ireland Sec- 

retary and Lord Privy Seal 
(Speftoorne); Sir Edward Da 
Gann, chairman of tbe 1922 
Committee and chairman of 
the Treasury and Civil Service 
Select Committee (Taunton); 
Sir William van Stranbenzee, 
former Northern Ireland Min- 
ister (Wokingham); Sir An- 
thony Kershaw, chairman of 
the Foreign Affairs Select 
Committee and former Under 
Secretary of State for Defence 
and for Foreign Affairs 

l Stitmdk Sir Edward Gardner, 

chairman of foe Hone 
Affairs Select Committee 
(EyMe); Sir Reginald Eyre, 
former Under Secretary of 
S tate fo r Transport Trade and 
Environment (Birmingham, 
Haft Green). 

1983 General election result: 
-CXntbridgeslUre Soath East 

Pym, Francis (028555 
Slee. Chris (SDP/AH) 14.791 

Jackson. Mary (Lab) &261 
Con majority 13,764 

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Radical left’s 

exotic promises Thatcher’s 

iiftaeboH bv absence 

attacked by 

By Anthony Berios, Political Correspondent 

Mr Neil Kinnock yesterday 
denounced the exotic prom' 
ises. hazy declarations and 
airy declamations of the La- 
bour left. 

The Labour Party leader 
told the Welsh party confer- 
ence in Swansea that the 
present campaign for freedom 
and fairness, tied to the pro- 
gramme for investment and 
employment, was an essentia] 
element in the tough challenge; 
of securing economic 

But he emphasized: “It is 
not a promise that we can or 

will advance on all fronts at ar power. 

is no part of this movement to 
form covert cliques with sepa- 
rate programmes, principles 
and policies — nd then to live 
parasitically off the rest of the 

“If people do have separate 
objectives, let them show a 
separate courage, separate 
convictions, and go their way 
in a separate party. And meet 
their separate foie." 

But Mr Kinnock also turned 
on those such as Mr Tony 
Benn and Mr Eric Heffer who 
have been demanding tougher 
Labour policies against nucle- 

once or that there are quick 
and simple ways to rebuild 
from the industrial and social 
devastation of these past 

Mr Kinnock said: “Only 
two kinds of people want us to 
make such easy promises of 
instant success - our ene- 
mies, so that they discredit us; 
and a few, a very few of our 
friends, people who think that 
exotic promises are the only 
proof of radical convictions. 

"People who mistake per- 
sonal enthusiasms for mass 
movements. People who 
would rather promise the 
earth than gain real ground." 

Mr Kinnock singled out 
Militant Tendency supporters 
as a specific target and said:**Ii 

He said that it was essential 
to have policies that were 
clear-cut about reducing de- 
pendence on nuclear power, 
and ensuring higher safety and 
security standards at home 
and abroad. 

But he said: “Lots of com- 
plaints about the dangers of 
nodear plants and vague sug- 
gestions that alternatives for 
energy and for jobs should be 
available somehow,- some- 
where, sometime, do not meet 
the needs of a country that has 
nuclear power and has had it 
for decades. 

“Those hazy declarations 
do not fulfill the demands of 
freedom, of fairness, of feasi- 
bility, or of honesty." 

Labour promises 
Militant’s demise 

Mr John Smith, the Labour 
spokesman on trade and in- 
dustry, delighted power work- 
ers yesterday by promising the 
imminent demise of what he 
called “the pestilence" of Mili- 
tant Tendency within the 
Labour Party. 

Speaking at the annual con- 
ference of the Electrical, Elec- 
tronic, Telecommunication 
and Plumbing Union in Scar- 
borough, Mr Smith said La- 
bour could no longer tolerate 
the internal danger posed by 
the group. 

To enthusiastic applause 
from several hundred dele- 
gates he said: “It will only be a 
matter of weeks or months 
until the pestilence called 
Militant Tendancy is firmly 
put in its place.” 

Earlier Mr Smith had 
launched a bitter attack on the 
Government's performance in 
the light of what he described 
as the “sad crisis" in British 

He told delegates that Mis 
Thatcher had taken “patheti- 
cally irrelevant measures" to 
compensate for a death blow 
at the heart of some of the 
nation's main industrial 

He proposed a three point 
plan to restore the industry on 
Labours return to office. 

He said his party was com- 
mitted to bringing forward a 
series of public sector orders 
for oil rigs, and service vessels 
which although not heeded 
now would be required in the 
long term. 

There would be financial 
help and British ship owners 
would be encouraged to buy 
British in a revamped industry 
designed to compete with the 
rest of the world. 

To mark the importance of 
the job he also said that, a 
Labour government would or- 
ganize a “task force" headed 
by the secretary of state for 
industry or even the Prime 

UK chess successes 

By Raymond Keene, Chess Correspondent 
British players scored an- pic number one Tony Miles in 

other success in the second 
round of the Kleinwort 
Grieveson UK-US chess chal- 
lenge at the Great Eastern 
Hotel yesterday. Cathy 
Haslinger (UK) defeated An- 
gela Chang (US) while the 
games between Demis 
Hassapis (UK) and Alex 
Chang (US), and British 
champion Jon Speelman and 
US champion Lev AlburL 
were both drawn. 

Meanwhile, in Basel, 23- 
year-old world champion 
Gary Kasparov won the first 
game against England's Olym- 

the six-game match. 




1 MM 


2 P-QB4 


> P-OS 


4 M-QB3 


5 P-K4 


C N-B3 


7 P-KR3 


8 MCN4 


S B-Q3 


10 MJR4 


11 IMMI 


12 MM3 


13 P-KH4 


14 MS 


15 IMW5 


19 N-KR2 


77 8xP 


19 KP«P 


19 N41 


20 N49 


21 IMC 


22 IHQ 


23 M-B4 


24 R4M 


25 R-M3 




27 P-QRS 


20 IMU 

29 P-«S 


30 NxP 


31 BxH 


32 0-B2 


33 Qx8 


34 RxN 


35 0-0-0 


36 Q8-N1 


37 W-B4 


31 Mil 


39 NxP 


40 8-88 


«1 R-N3 


42 K-R2 


By Anthony Bevins 


Sir Geoffrey Howe, foe 
Foreign Secretary; and Mr 
Nigel Lawson, the Chancellor 
of the Exchequer, will be in 
charge of the country when foe 
Prime Minister flies out to! 
Israel next weekend. 

Lord Whitelaw, foe Lord 1 
President and foe man who 
normally stands in for Mrs; 
Margaret Thatcher, is flying 
out to Moscow as leader of a 
parliamentary delegation next 

But Downing Street sources 
said yesterday that backup 
plans had been well thought 
out and that although there 
were no “formal" arrange- 
ments, Sir Geoffrey and Mr 
Lawson would be in charge 
from Saturday afternoon until 
Mrs Thatcher returned three 
days later. 

It was emphasized that 
communication links had 
been set tip and that Sir 
Geoffrey or Mr Lawson would 
be able to contact Mrs Thatch- 
er if necessary. 

Some MPs are bound to 
note that Mr John Biffen, the 
Leader of foe Commons who 
takes Prime Minister's ques- 
tions when Mrs Thatcher is 
away from London, was not 
invited to join Sir Geoffrey or 
Mr Lawson. 

Mr Biffen called for a 
“balanced ticket" of Conser- 
vative leadership in an inter- 
view last Sunday, and it is 
thought that Mrs Thatcher is 
still upset about that barbed 
reflection on her qualities. 

One senior minister yester- 
day likened Mr Biffen's sug- 
gestion to calls for hung 
parliaments and coalition gov- 
ernment, which were, he add- 
ed, recipes for failure. 

He said that he passionately 
believed that, and he could 
not go along with foe concept 
of two leaders. 

Union rejects 
print move 

The Transport Salaried 
Staffs Association, at its con- 
ference in Bournemouth yes* 
terday, rejected a move urging 
more support for foe printing 
unions in their dispute with 
Mr Rupert. Murdoch's News. 


A motion wanted branches, 
particularly those in London, 

Manchester and' Glasgow, to 
give “practical support", but 
was opposed by Mr Bert 
Lyons, general secretary, who 
described it as “dangerous". 

Cleaning bill 
for slogan 

A man who sprayed anti- 
vivesection slogans on the 
wall of Holloway Prison was 
given a conditional discharge 
yesterday for a year and 
ordered to pay £450 towards consent pots the potentially 
cleaning the wall. valuable role of tire father in 

Paul Gravett, aged 23, un- doubt 
employed, of HoUoway, ad- , The report said that al- 
mitted before Highbury mag- though some young mothers 
istrates causing criminal dam- are offered extra help in day 
age to Home Office property centres or residential homes. 

i snowmobile as he left his ship, HMS Invincible, at Plymouth 
in the Falk lands. He is to be promo t ed to rear-admiral. 

Under-age Irish divorce issue I Clashes as 



By Michael Horsoell 

Under-age . mothers are 
treated as if they do not 
officially exist and are tiros 
denied me social support they 
need to prevent them slipping 
into a cyde of deprivation, 
according to a report released 

As tire average age of puber- 
ty declines, the number of 
conceptions to schoolgirls 
aged under 16 has risen from 
3,625 in 1977 to 5,353 in 1983 
and abortions from 2300 to 
4,087. Illegitimate live births 
have remained fairly constant 
at between 1,161 and 1,299. 

Dr Anne-Marie Coyne, of 
tire Health Education Council 
(HEC), said medical care is 
adequate, bat littie effort is put 
into either preventing the 
problem ar to ensuring foe 
most favourable outcome. 

Schoolgirl Mothers, a report 

published by die HEC, dis- 
closes from case studies of 30 
mothers aged between 13 and 
just rader 16 that pregnancies 
are usually diagnosed late, 
attendance at ante-natal class- 
es is poor, education is severe- 
ly disrupted or brought to an 
end, and money is f re q uently 
scarce.' f 

Dr Coyne said the ambigu- 
ous. legal stabs of the school 
girl mother made it dtfficntt to 
mobilize existing support. As a 
mother she was excluded from 
school' bat as a child aged 
under 16 she was denied state 
financial help. In addition, the 
law relating to the age of 
consent pots the potentially 
valuable role of the father in 

. The report said that al- 

linked to Ulster 

By Richard Ford 

Dr Garret FitzGerald, the people of the republic 
ime Minister of the Irish decided that foe proposal to 

Prime Minister of the Irish 
Republic, yesterday finked bis 
Government's efforts to re- 
move the constitutional baa 
on divorce to the problem and 
attitudes of people in North- 
ern Ireland. 

He said foe debate and foe 
eventual result of the June 
referendum to end the ban on 
divorce would be watched 
closely by both Unionist and 
nationalist traditions in foe 

remove the ban on divorce — 
allowing it on foe ground of 
foe irretrievable breakdown of 
marriage after a couple had 
lived apart for five years — 
then it would be incidentally 
helpful to relations between 
foe North and South and i 
between the communities in 
foe North. 

The divisions within the 
republic on foe issue were 

North and would influence shown when Mr John Kelly, a 
their attitudes towards the former Attorney General and 


In bis first key speech on the 
issue during the third day of a 
debate in the DaiL, the Prime 
Minister strongly defended his 
Govern merit’s proposal to re- 
move the ban and introduce 
divorce under restrictive 

• His speech was the first of a 
series he is- to make duringthe 
course of a campaign in which 
Church and State are to do 

now a prominent government 
backbencher, said that al- 
though divorce was not a civil 
right, a remedy for marital 
breakdown or anything to do 
with foe problems ofNorthem 
Ireland, he believed it should 
be supported so that young 
people who had made a 
mistake had an opportunity 
for a second chance. 

The campaign for the refer- 
endum is in its earfy stages but 

in the Pail for the con cluding 

>TteBill W. divorce now '«»•«* throughout the- 
goes to the ajmmittee stage coun y ' 
gnH then' to the Senate, the Although the Fianna Fail 
upper house, where it is party . is officially taking a 
unlikely to encounter ; any neutral stance, arguing that it 

serious difficulties. 

is a matter for the people to 

Dr FitzGerald said that as a decide, foe tone of comments 
practising Roman Catholic he from its spokesman on justice 
was personally against divorce and others indicates that they 
but believed private morality are surreptitiously allying 
could not be governed by themselves with foe church 

public legislation. 

Dr FitzGerald said that if 

and other groups opposed to 
the government plans. 

though some young mothers r/^nra _ _ _ A . 

are offered extra help in day COUTt 

are evicted 

Barbed wire, Dnrids, land- 
owners, hippies and High 
Court actions have combined 
to ensure that the summer 
solstice at Stonehenge will 
once again be a messy rather 

Hun a pi y i ili i n l affair 

The barbed wire was erected 
armxad the ancient monument 
hut week foUowisa the threat 
by hmdreds of hippies, cop- 
ready conve r gi n g on the West 
Country, to establish a huge 
camp near the site in prepara- 
tion for a pep concert 

An indication of hton 
dashes came yesterday when 
IwiKffa evicted 240 vehicles, 
278 people, 38 dogs and 17 

K ts from an encampment at 
eh, between Bristol and 


Mr Jack Aspiemll, Con- 
servative MP for Wansdyke, 
said the exercise proved the 
need for a strengthening of the 
law against trespassers. He 
said police had been pelted 
with excrement and had 
tamed a Mind eye against 
obvious law-breaking ia order 
to move the campers. 

In a High Court action in 
London on Monday the Na- 
tional Trust, Fngfish Heri- 
tage, the Ministry of Defence 
umL 23; other landowners will 
continue an action seeking to 
have 49 named Iwfividnals 

The situation has been far- 
ther complicated by the entry 
into the dispute of the Secalar 
Order of Dnrids, who have 
been given leave to chaDenge 
the d pr yffry of Fn gfish Heri- 
tage to restrict access to 
Stonehenge on Jane 21, the 
simmer solstice. 

Chernobyl fallout 

on school 

By George Htn 

A challenge to government 
moves towards a policy of 
closer national control of 
schools was made yesterday 
by Dr Rhodes Boyson, Minis- 
ter of State for Northern 
Ireland and the favoured con- 
tender of foe Conser vative 
Party’s right wing to succeed 
Sir Keith Joseph as Secretary 
of State for Education and 
Science. Mr Christopher Paj- 
ten, number two in Sir Keith's 
department, who is seen as the 
leading left-wing contender 
for the job, recently advocated 
a network of crown schools 
under close Whitehall super- 
vision, to set standards for the 
rest of the state system. 

“It would be tragic if Britain 
ever considered going down 
the Continental road ot cen- 
tralizing educational control 
by turning its back on 
education's origins and histo- 
ry in this country which were 
based on individual, group 
and local control”. Dr Boyson 
told a meeting of the Freedom 
Association in Cheltenham. 

“Many people might con- 
sider that under a Conserva- 
tive Government national 
educational control would be 
in benevolent hands, but alas 
around foe comer would al- 
ways be the threat of other 
party government far less 
benevolent and even, as in 
some local education authori- 
ties, subject to extreme politi- 
cal control which would 
destroy the freedoms in educa- 
tion of both parents and 
teachers" Dr Boyson said. 

“Parents should be put in 
charge of schools. We have a 
choice of methods including 
foe educational voucher, di- 
rect funding of schools on a 
pupil-capitation ratio, and 
open recruitment as tried in 

“The key requirement is 
that schools should be directly 
responsible to parents so that 
teachers know their success 
and promotion will depend an 
satisfying parents, not pander- 
ing to educational fashion." 

The Prime Minister was 
showing signs last month of 
wanting a mesh examination 
of the possibilities of introduc- 
ing a system of vouchers 
giving parents foe means to 
send their children to the 
school of their choice in the 
state or private sector. It is an 
idea she which has long at- 
tracted her. 

It was also reported last 
month that Mrs Thatcher 
favoured the crown schools 
proposal to counter die influ- 
ence of often politically ex- 
treme local education 

Dr Boyson’s intervention, 
detaches him from the crown 
schools policy identified with' 
Mr Fatten, while stressing foe 
potential of vouchers and 
similar systems for reducing 
foe influence of local authori- 
ties, even the best of which, be 
says, are generally too large to 
respond sensitively to com- 
munity feeling. 

on April 18. 

Cigarette theft 

About 7.5 million cigarettes 
worth £500,000 and the lorey 
carrying them were hijacked 
by two men wearing police 
uniforms in Belfast on Thurs- 
day. The cigarette manufac- 
tures are offering a reward. 

many are left to cope alone. ril«nllrtTl#va 
Support is often patchy and CUmUvU&V 
entirely dependent on local — oil 

“u for ■ irctioml re- tO SCtrglll 
spoose to the proMem, argmng ^ anempt w, Mr Aj1hm 
that it would save money m the g^u and the National 
tong ren, and suggests that, by Union Mineworkers to 

&«ze oat foe breakaway 
Union of Democratic Mine- 
workers from pay negotiations 
fatme and reducing wong with foe National Coal Board 

Radiation higher in North 

Report rejects advertising on BBC 

The Peacock committee, 
due to deliver its report on 
broadcasting finance next 
month, will recommend that 
there should be no 
commcrica! advertising on the 
BBC and that the licence fee 
should be linked to foe retail 
price index for the next 10 

The committee, which held 
its penultimate meeting on 
Thursday, has reached broad 
agreement on its proposals 
and hopes to sign foe report at 
its final meeting on Mav 29 
and deliver it to the Home 
Secretary early next month. It 
is expected to be published 
shortly afterwards. 

Although foe committee ap- 
pears to nave rejected some of 
foe more drastic options and 
therefore represents a victory 
for foe BBC in terms of its 
status, an index-linked licence 

By Richard Dowries 

fee will mean an end to its 
expansion and impose some 
financial restraints. 

The report is expected to 
recommend that there should 
a be a minimum quantity of 
television time produced by 
independent British pro- 
gramme makers, perhaps 
about 25 per cenL in an effort 
to encourage the independent 
sector. It also recommends 
that foe BBC production facil- 
ities should be made avalible 
to independent producers and 
that unused time on transmit- 
ters should be rented out. 

It may also suggest foal 
broadcasting companies 
should own their transmitters, 
though it is not known how 
firmly the committee will 
recommend this. 

It is believed to have stud- 
ied and rejected foe idea that 
BBC local radio and commer- 

cial radio should be merged or 
placed under a new body 
separate from the 1BA. The 
proposal that Radio One and 
Radio Two should be split 
from foe BBC also appears to 
have been rejected. 

The committee of seven, set 
up in 1985 by Mr Leon 
Briltan, then Home Secretary, 
has been sympathetic to foe 
idea that Channel 4 should be 

made separate from the IBA irp • i 

and become an independent I BIlZBlllft piflfl 
television comnany able to I DB ^ Sahlnl (Reu ter)- 

television company able to 

After 10 years, technological 

changes will have so changed 
broadcasting that advertising 

could be introduced on the Zealand rugby lour of South 
BBC or a subscription intro- Africa. African countries have 

duced and foe public service 
aspect reduced to a body like 
foe Arts Council giving grants 
for specific broadcasting : 


^ yi ^^ cesrtt ^ S ^f I oat foe breakaway 

Union of Democratic Mine- 
workers from pay negotiations 
fatirc redndng young ^ foe National Coal Board 
mothers chances of ever being was challenged in foe High 

Court yesterday. 

Mr jQSliCC Sc0tl bein 8 
from a btenket coudemmOOT as ke d by foe board to declare 

SLj*? 1 " 1 of , s £f c ^ that foe 1946 Conciliation 
^H aV, ^L^.- SeX ^ *12? Agreement with the NUM as 

foTone negotiating body for 
mineworkers is not legally 
SfS?" enforceable and can be termi- 

nated by notice. 

. ^ But foe NUM argue that ft 

help to reduce both the size of j s fggajjy binding and can be 

terminated oulyby consent 

lts . at a tune ^ Conrad Defan. QC, for 

the board, said after the! 984 
working to ^ suifce and foe formation 
nKrease,t ‘ of the U DM the board agreed 

to negotiate directly 

In October last year foe 
NUM referred the wage nego- 
tiations to the National Refer- 
ence Tribunal, the arbitration 
body set up to rule on disputes 
arising out of the conciliation 
scheme, claiming foe board 
was in breach of the scheme. 

But in spite of the board's 
objections that the NRT did 
not have jurisdiction, it went 
ahead to hear the NUM*s case. 
The hearing continues 

By Pearce Wright, Science Editor 

Radiation doses in Britain cused on foe three of greatest In foe north-west of England, 
in the next year, as a direct importance: iodine-131, caesi- North Wales, Scotland and 
result of foe Chernobyl reactor urn-134, and caesiiim-137, be- Northern Ireland, which had 

natural radiation for people in 
the North and 1 per cent in 
foe south of the country. 

The estimate is contained in 
the first scientific paper pub- 

Analyses were made of sam- 
ples from atmospheric and 
rainwater monitors from 40 
sites, and of milk and vegeta- 
bles from the surrounding 

fished since foe incident, in areas. 

Nature. The study was carried The investigation provided 
out by foe National Radiologi- practical insight into the way a 
cal Protection Board, Chilton, radioactive cloud spreads. Io- 
Oxfordshire. dine began appearing at levels 

The division between North earlier than expected in milk, 
and South is a partition of showing that foe substance in 
meteorology rather than geog- a vapour form came ahead of 
raphy, separating areas ac- iodine in foe fonn of tiny 
cording to the effects of particles. 

cording to the effects of 

Although measurements 
covered 10 radioactive sub- 
‘stances, the calculations fo- 

the effects of particles. 

Most of the radioactive 
measurements materials deposited on the 
idioactive sub- ground as dry microscopic 
akulaiions fo- dust m the South was iodine. 

Tanzania are planning to take 
part in foe Commonwealth 
Games in Edinburgh starting 
in July despite the rebel New 


Peak radtoactivity to bacquerote for II mft/lkg toofy vegetables 
Radtonucflde South North 

been urged by foe Organiza- 
tion of African Unity and foe 
Union of African Sports Con- 
federation to isolate New Zea- 
land from foe games. 





Sale Room 

Complex symptoms 
jeopardize treatment 

Traditional jewellery attracts record interest 

By Hood MsJlalieu 

A sate of jewellery by £275,000 (estimate Sw Fr 
Christie's in Geneva, Switzer- 400,000-500,000), for a dip 
land, on Thursday poshed brooch of their own making, 
their total for the week's again in rubies and diamonds, 
auctions to about 33 million shaped as a palm tree. 

Swiss francs, ar £12 million. . 

Art nouveau pieces were ■^ n “onvean < 

art nouveau enamel. 

particularly In demand, al- md dtaaiMd 

though traditionally set dia- netware by . V i V 
moods and rubies oerc the 

tra-ipv frtaui. ered a record price of Sw Fr 

„ 230,000, or £82.500 (estimate 
V *? P* 1 Arpels mud g w fr 100,000-120.000), al- 

$»■ Fr 990,000, or £3534571 though changing exchange 
Fr rates over the years make that 

700,000), for a fan-shaped a contentions claim- 
brooch based on nine cnshion- 
shaped rabies, and Cartier 
paid Sw Fr 770,000, or 

A portmanteau sale of gold 
boxes, objects of virtu, minia- 

tures and Russian works of 
art including pieces by 
FabergA held by Sotheby's in 
Geneva on Thursday, poshed 
their total for the week to Sw 
Fr 22.271,050, or £7,814,403. 

In New York on Thursday, 
Sotheby's began a two-day 
sale of Old Masters and 
modem prints, producing 
S2.014.760. or £1.263,172, 
with only 4 per cent bought in. 
An auction record for a United 
States print of $143,000, or 
£89.655 (estimate $60400- 
S80.000), was paid by a US 
dealer for a monotype, entitled 
“Telegraph Hill", dating from 

about 1896 


A 1925 impression of the 
Matisse lithograph, “No an 
Conssin Bleu”, went to a 
Japanese dealer at $93^00, or 

The secondary sessions of 
Christie's modem picture sale 
in New York made a total of 
$8,872,050. or £5,687,211, 
with 5 per cent bought in. 

In London, Sotheby's held a 
sale iff late nineteenth-century 
and early twentieth-century 
decorative arts yesterday. 

By Thomson Prentice 

Saeace Correspondent 

Doctors treating casualties 
from the Chernobyl disaster 
are dismayed by the complex 
range of radiation-induced 
conditions emerging in many 
of the patients. 

Although about twenty vic- 

unportance: iodine-1 31. caesi- North Wales, Scotland and' 
um-134, and caesium-137, be- Northern Ireland, which had 
accident, will be 15 percent cause those get into foe food heavy rainfall, foe concentra- 
above the normal level from chain. lion on leaves was higher and 

Analyses were made of sam- comprised all the 
pies from atmospheric and radionucleides. 
rainwater monitors from 40 __ 

sites, and of milk and vegeta- JJf 

Wes from the surrounding 0011111 °\ “ ve t 7P° s °* e *P°' 
arca - ^ sures: external radiation from 

The investigation provided ftf !*™ 1 

jhe suC^oWLSI 
showing that foe substance in ,ootL 
a vapour fonn came ahead of The proportions differ be- 
lodine m foe fonn of tiny tween children and adults. In 
pa E? c !5 s ' r children 60 per cent comes 

Most of foe radioactive through diet, 20 per cent from 
materials deposited on the gamma ray deposited particles 
ground » dry microscopic and 14 per cent from inbala- 
dust m foe South was iodine, lion. In adults the figures are 
" 20 per cent from food. 50 per- 

TIVITY LEVELS 06111 from deposited particles 

and 40 per cent from 

for II mft/lkg taafyvogetablM inhalation. 

iiw, North u M — The dose from Chernobyl 
fables MWc Vegetables will decline in the next few. 

92 200 years. By May 1991. the 

'2 JS? *2? - estimated extra dose in foe 

5 200 50 North will be about 400 

microsieve rts (or 4 micro-. 
nrmn^Amei rems) and 20 microsieverts in 
iyilinUJ IMI fr the South, against a cumulated 

** 7,500 microsieverts during the. 

treatment nmfiv * ygn - 

One syndrome involves ex- HoSOitfll Stsff 
tensive gastro-mtestmai dam- . , r 

age, which causes death within hftjt SUnnllfHS 
about two weeks. The other . ... _ 

involves damage to bone mar- , . slri * e by 24 health service 
mw. also leadine to death drivers at the Roval Victoria 















,37 Cs - 

2 - 



50 * 

row, also leading to death 
within a few weeks, as a result 
of gross infection from foe 
body's endemic bacteria. 

Dr Robert Gale, a United 

tints have received bone mar- States bone marrow specialist, 
row transplants, others have who has been treating the 

developed severe problems, 
including liver and kidney 
failure and extensive lung 
damage, which make foe oper- 
ation futile. 

Specialists in radiation inju- 
ries look for two classic syn- 
dromes. based on studies of 
previous human casualties 
and animal experiments. But 
some of foe cases in Moscow 
hospitals apparently do not 
conform folly to either. 

drivers at the Royal Victoria 
Hospital, Belfast, has halted 
routine admissions and non- 
emergency surgery cases. 

Tte drivers, protesting 
against a two-hour cut in their * 
weekly overtime, have been ’ 
picketing the hospital en- 
hances since Wednesday, - 
turning back food and medical - 

wore! affected Chernobyl vie- foweting the hospital 
tints, said in Moscow on lran f :es since Wednes 
Thursday that he and Russian turning back food and met 
colleagues had teen struck by wlivenes. 

foe complexity of the patients' tapum th. tlUZ 

medical condition. 

Some British radiation ex- 
perts believe foe patients may 
have almost untrea table com- 
binations of foe two syn- 
dromes. aggravated by foe 
effects of smoke and toxic oS'-nXES. -s«v 

fumes from die stricken nude- si*?£ vSSwSuaB SPatS: 001 


2.700: Linen 

ew 170; Malta * 


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Test case on whooping 

vaccine link to 

* - The High Court test case to 
^determine whether. whooping 
'.cough vaccine can cause per- 

■ maneot brain damage ended 
Abruptly yesterday at a total 
■cost of nearly £i zninioa. 

. . Mr Justice .-Smart Smith. 
>sakl that with “great regret” he 
.had concluded it- would be 

■ pointless for the action, 
..Centred on the Hamay* claim 
.by Johnnie Kinnear, to -con- 
.tinueany -further. - 

. JEven 1 f the Official Solid tor 
was appointed as Johnnie’s 
ftusxt friend” in place of bis 
Jatber, for whom legal aid is 
being withdrawn on Monday, 
he would not be able to carry 
on with the action for other 
potential litigants, the judge 

He added that the Official 
^Solicitor would have to re* 
evaluate the merits of 
Johmiie T sclaim and “he really 
would be bound to come to 
.the same conclusions as the 
father that there was - no 
jeahstic. prospect of success” 

. The: judge dismissed the 
action against the North West 
.Thames Health Authority, 
which js responsible for the 
Becklow Gardens 

someone suffering a feverish 

The judge adjourned the 
question of the authority's 
costs,, estimated to be more 
than six figures, and. those of 
Dr Stein, backed by the Medi- 
cal Protection Soaety. for an 
inquiry. • ' ' '' 

He discontinued die cbiuxr 
against the drug mahufactur- 
,er„ theWellcome Foundation, 

who bad reentered the case as 
an interested. party, although 

there was no negligence claim 
against it. Wellcome was aK 
ways faced with having to pay 
its own costs, said yesterday to 
be £500,000. . . 

Johnnie's costs, who sued 
through his divorced father 
Michael Kinnear, a former 
cimma projectionist who' gave 
up, work to care fulltime for, 
his son, totalled £250,000. 
Those win be paid by the legal 
aid fund.., 

~ Five similar vaccine darn* 
age claims have been -stayed 
pending the outcome of. the 
Kinnear action. There axe 
another I2S waiting to be 

It is not known when and 
which case will reach trial next 
and consideration will have. to 


where Johnnie, now aged 16, . 

of Shepherd* s Bush, west Lon- be given as to bow the^oeral judge said, 
don, received his injection in issued of causation - can the He said: “It is a fimdamen- 

serious brain dama g r . and is 
seriously menially retarded." 

He continued: “Having 
heard or read Mrs Susan 
Kinnear*5 evidence the father 
came' to the- conclusion, so 
am told, (bather evidence was 
not capable of belief; not 
credible. ... 

“Fbr those reasons be ap- 
plied to discontinue the action 
because be took the view, on 
advice from counsel, that 
Johnnie's case in this particu- 
lar action could not succeed.” 

The judge-said that be had 
invited the Official Solid tor’s 
help as be was anxious to 
continue with the test case 

He added that to remove 
Mr Kinnear as iSiext friend" 
and substitute the Official 
Solicitor it was not necessary 
to show misconduct or impro- 
- a possible caus&could 
his obligation to discontin- 
ue if legal aid was withdrawn. 

A “next friend” could not 
conduct litigation “primarily 
for the world at huge- or on 
behalf of a wider class of 
prospective or future 
litigants” unless he was satis- 
fied that it was also positively 
in the infant's interest, the 


Ffebrnary 1971. 

The action was also dis- 
missed against Dr Joshua 
Stein,- who is in his 90s, of 
Ravenscomt Park, Hammer- 
smith, west London, who was 
alleged - to: have adminstered 
the vacinne in .spite' of a 
warning that the vaccine 
§hould not be administered to 

vaccine cause brain damage- 
can be raised. 

The judge said the evidence 
about what happened at the 
clinic and the immediate ef- 
fects of the vaccine defended 
almost, entirely on the 
mother’s evidence. 

. “There is no doubt that 
Johnnie is now suffering from 

tal principle of English juris- 
prudence that the court does 
not adjudicate upon theoreti- 
cal, academic, hypothetical or 
abstract cases. There has to be 
a cause of action between the 
parties, there must be. two. or 
more persons having some 
real or genuine dispute which 
requires to be resolved. 


Consultants face 
toonlight’ query 

By Nicholas Timmins, Social Services Correspondent. . 

Consultants who do private the profession by felling to 
• - tum up when they are meant 

to — whether they a 

practice work when they are 
meant to be working in the 
National Health Service or 
wftoregplariy fail to turn tip to 
operating sessions or out- 
patient dimes are lo face 
pressure from their colleagues 
to “get back into fine”. 

Hospital MedicalServices, foe 

. are working 
privately, playing gol£ or fbr 
whatever reason — and we 
have always said we are not in 
the business of defending peo- 
ple who do not fulfil their 
contractual commitments." 

■ The idea was to “find ways 
of correcting- any— ntaegnlar 

senior hospital doctors' com-" • behaviour by a fellow consul- 
mittee of the British Medical tam before It- becomes - a 

Association.* has* set tip a 
working party to, draw 'tip 
plans fra each' tiogntal. or 
distriet to have a canmiilteeof 
dmsnltants to whkft such 
cases could be referred. 

The 'move cbmes ip ‘foe 
wake of growing . demands 
from general managers for 
consultants to be made . raoire 
accountable for there . tune, 
and worries among senior 
consultants that a few of their 
colleagues are “besmirching” 
the rest of the profession by 
not fttifrUiflgtbeir contracts. . 

Dr Mauribe Borrows, chair- 
man of the committee, said 
yesterday: “We have quite a 
□umber of allegations of peo- 
ple not fidfilimg their contrac- 
tual commitments. 

“Often these are due to 
misunderstandings, for exam- 
ple where a consultant works 
in twoor more NHS hospitals 
and staff at one of them 
believe he is ‘moonhgbting' 
when he is in fact working for 
the NHS elsewhere. 

“But a few people are 
besmirching the remainder of 

matter for disciplinary 
action.? ■" * 

The proposal, which -wotikf 
probably involve a nominated 
'group -of three cbhsultants in 
eacfar.bospitsd or district, has 
beeir ; pot' bribe; doctors* 
medicaj defenoesoaeties. 

The soefetira fiave wel- 
comed the idea - in jtiineipfe, 
and Dr John Ghawner, chare- 
man of. the BMA’s private 
practice committee, has said 
he hopes the Deportment of 
Health and Social Security 
win promulgate the scheme S 
itis approved. 

The local committees wonld 
have no formal disciplinary 
powers and would. be aWe to 
offer only “advice" to a 
consultant who was found to 

Consultants’ leaders say pri- 
vately the problems chiefly 
occur in London and other 
cities with a high concentra- 
tion of private hospitals, but 
managers m other districts 
where private hospitals lrave 
opened also report difficulties 
with . a small minority^ • 

Prison for 
driver who 
killed girl 

A . woman “hit and ran" 
motorist who “almost 
UBConsdeiB” through drink- 
ing whisky when she caused 
the death of a girt aged 18, was 
jaded for eight months and 

banned from driving for four 

years yesterday at 
Criminal Court. - 

- Elvira Watford, aged 26, a 

company director, oTBedtraw 
Road, Hamnmsmith, . west 
London, thg 

death of Miss . Headier' 
Menkflz by nckless driving^ 

Miss Mendenz, a store 
cashier, ofDpe Court, Hanway 
Roai Humllj west Loodon, 
died instantly when she was. 
tossed a rag don? hy the 

Mercedes car jn The Vale, 
ActoiL, west Ixmdoo, to Octo- 
ber last year. . 

The Recorder of Loodon, 
% James Miskin, QC»' sen- 
tenced. Walford to two years* 
jail withtwo thirds of it sus- 

The jadge said Walford, a 
divorced mother,, had con- 
sumed a massive .amount of' 
whisky — more than three 
times the legal limit* 

- Mr Peter Leighton, prose- 
eating, said Miss Mendeaz 
was crossing the road at 
aiidaightwhen Watford, at the 
wheel of her boyfriend's unfo- 
rmed car, Ut her at a speed 
estimated at 50 mph , 

Watford was chased by 
another motorist who stopped 
her at traffic lights. When he 
demanded the keys she 

Man faces 
sex ordeal 

' Sussex detectives hunting a 
gang who subjected a boy aged 
six to a horrifying sex ordeal 
three years ago are to inter- 
view a man held m London. 

Police officers in 
Kenriingion,- south- London 
arrested the man,, aged 50. 
after a recent attack on a boy 
aged five on a large bousing 
there and -then alerted 
Sussex police about simifar- 
hies in the two cases. 

The man, who bas appeared 
in court and been remanded in 
custody, is also being ques- 
tioned about other alleged sex 
attacks on children- 
The boy in the Sussex 
incident was kidnapped as he 
played near his Brighton 
home in August 1983, driven 
to a cliff-top and sexually 
abused by three men for 90 
minutes before beiog.dumped 
10 miles from his home. 

A wave of public revulsion 
followed and £71.000 in re- 
wards was offered to help 
catch the gang- 

Two guilty of 

Barry Parsons,, aged 42, a 
builder, of Worthing, and 

Robert Causabon-V racent, 
aged 41. a carpenter, of 
Cttiebampton, were found 
guilty by the Central Criminal 
Ctiurt yesterday of miudering 

a “bondage" profit. Clms- 
tine Offord, agpd 35, .at 

Queensgate, Kensington, west 

Margaret -Dunbar, Med 29, 
also a prostitute,- of St PauTs 
Close, Hounslow, was found 
guilty of manslana^ter ““ 
^dfer seven years. 

Mugger wants victim’s 
son to punish her 

. . A giri aged 18 who mugged 
six old women: and left one 
covered with blood wants the 
son of one of the victims to 
punish her, the Central Crimi- 
nal Court was toldyesterday . 

Maria Holgate was sen- 
tenced to five years . youth 
custody. But after she- has 

..She ; was robbed after 
Hotgaieand her sister Dianne, 
aged 22, tricked their way into 
ter flat in Longbow House, 
Phillip Street, Islington, north 
London. - 

Dianne Holgate, of Murray 
Grove, Islington, was earlier 
jailed for 10 years 

served, her sentence she in-. - Her sister, Maria, of Cale- 
tends to ask the son of Mrs donia. Road, Islington, also 

Emily Shine, aged 72, to'give 
her a “good hiding’Vtbe court 
was told. 

Mrs Shine was battered with 
a chopping board and kicked 
almost unconscious in her 
home. Two rings were torn 
from her fingers with such 
force that, one finger was 
broken, Mr Simon Smith, 
prosecuting, said. 

pleaded guilty and admitted 
mugging five other old women 
aged up to 88, one almost 

She was now so filled with 
remorse she wanted to apolo- 
gize to each victim “if they are 
still- afive”, Mrs- Nemone 
Lethbridge, defending, raid. 

' “She also wants Mrs Shine's 
son to give her a good hiding." 

Enter the dragon: 22 Army canoeists leaving Camden Lock in London yesterday at the start 
of a 180-mile, nine-day endurance test in a Chinese Dragon Boat along Britain's canals to 
No ttingham to help Bob GeMofs Sprat Aid appeal (Photograph: Tim Bishop). 

Architect seeks Ronan files 

By Charles Knevitt, Architecture Correspondent 

There was a call yesterday 
for the Ronan Point public 
inquiry to be reopened and for 
the facts of the disaster, in 
1968, to be published. 

Mr Sam Webb, the architect 
whose structural survey of the 
22-storey tower Node in New- 
ham, east London, led to its 
evacuation fra the second 
time in 1984, said that evi- 
dence about the possible origi- 
nal cause of the gas explosion, 
which led to its partial col- 
lapse, killing five people, had 
never come to light 
Mr Webb told The Times 
that several tenants had re- 
ported hearing two explosions 
on the morning of May 16, 
1968, and that the first might 
have been caused by an elec- 
trical fault in flat 90 on the* 
eighteenth floor, which was* 
the source of the blast 

The public inquiry report 

laid the blame on a badly 
fitting nut between the mains 
gas supply and a cooker in the 
flat, occupied by Miss Ivy 
Hodge. The explosion oc- 
curred after Miss Hodge had 
filled her kettle to make a cup 
of tea. 

Mr Webb, who has twice 
studied the inquiry files held 
at the Department of the 
Environment, said the evi- 
dence was still there and 
needed to be re-examined. 

A party was held at Ronan 
Point yesterday, the eigh- 
teenth anniversary of the di- 
saster, to mark the start of its 
scientific demolition on Mon- 
day. Some of the wall and 
floor panels will be taken away 
from examination by govern- 
ment scientists at the Building 
Research Establishment, . 

Mr Webb said: “I never 
thought I would live to see this 

day. I thought the block would 
have fallen down first. 

“This is the architectural 
and engineering equivalent of 
the Chernobyl disaster and the 
fallout, the structural implica- 
tions. will £0 around the 
world”, be said. 

Miss Ivy Hodge, who sur- 
vived the blast in her flat and 
still uses the cooker in her new 
home, was not at the ceremo- 
ny to remove the nameplate 
about the entrance to Ronan 

Mr Thomas Morgan and his 
wife. Iris, who were the first 
tenants to move into the 
Mock, on the twenty-first 
floor, weeks before the disas- 
ter occurred, were present 

Mrs Morgan said she heard 
only one explosion and then a 
neighbour tokl her to get her 
family oat of the block as 
quickly as possible. 

Fresh call 
for extra 
rights for 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The Law Society yesterday 
made clear it will not continue 
talks with the Government on 
reforms to the profession's 
working practices unless offi- 
cials accept that a solicitor 
would be allowed to conduct 
cases in the Crown court 

In a renewed attempt to 
gam for solicitors the right to 
appear in courts now restrict- 
ed to barristers, the Law 
Society said it would not go on 
with talks on the package of 
proposals that the Govern- 
ment has tabled during cur- 
rent negotiations on criminal 
legal aid fees. 

The Government must first 
accept that a solicitor as well 
as a barrister could conduct 
cases in the Crown court, the 
Society sakL 

A key proposal of the 
Government's package to re- 
form working practices and 
cut costs is that in a n umber of 
cases a barrister should be able 
to appear in court without a 
solicitor in attendance. More 
than 95 per cent of Crown 
court cases would be affected 
and solicitors' work could be 
severely reduced. 

In a statement yesterday the 
society said: “If the Govern- 
ment insists that for public 
purse considerations these 
cases should only be conduct- 
ed by one lawyer, the Law 
Society's view is that it must 
be on the basis that that lawyer 
can be either a barrister or a 

The Law Society's demand 
comes in the wake of a small 
relaxation earlier this week to 
the rules which prohibited 
solicitors from appearing in 
the High Court 

The demand may present a 
stumbling block during the 
present talks between the pro- 
fessions and the Lord 
Chancellor's Department, al- 

though both sides have made 
it dear that the fees issue is to 
be concluded separately from 

On the ftes E fronvtte Law 
Sodety said yesterday that 
much time bad been taken up 
discussing what matters the 
Lord Chancellor wished to 
lake account of in setting a fair 
rate of pay. 

Woman in bombs 
trial ‘bad pistol’ 

A woman accused of plot- 
ting an IRA bomb campaign 
on London and seaside towns 
in Britain last year had a 
loaded automatic pistol in her 
handbag when die was arrest- 
ed, a jury at the Central 
Criminal Court was told 

The 9 mm Browning hand- 
gun was found in a handbag 
which belonged to Martina 
Anderson, aged 23, when she 
and other alleged conspirators 
were seized at a flat in 
Langside Road, Glaraow, last 
June, said Detective Ihaiector 
fan Forsyth of Strathclyde 

Abo in Miss Anderson's 
handbag was £1,150 in £50 
notes, and a false Eire pass- 
port There was a London 
street map, a map of the 
Undexmound and a London 
travel brochure. 

Miss Anderson is on trial 
with Patrick Magee. 35, who is 
accused of the Brighton hotel 
bombing in October 1984, Mr 
Magee denies causing the 
exptosion and murdering the 
five people who died. 

Mr . Magee, Miss Anderson 
and three others all deny 
conspiring to cause 16 bomb 
explosions in London and 

tourist centres last summer. 
The other accused are Peter 
Sherry, aged 30, Gerard 
McDoiueL aged 34, and Ella 
O'Dwyer, aged 26. 

Insp Forsyth said that when 
the five were arrested at the 

Langside Road fiat keys were 
found- in Miss OTJwyefs 
handbag fra a house in James 
Gray Street, Glasgow, where 
police subsequently found a 
cache of arms and bomb- 
making materials. The band- 
bag also contained a false Eire 
passport - 

Detective Constable Wil- 
liam Dorrian of Strathclyde 
Police, who discovered the 
cache in the cellar at James 
Gray Street, said 
there were 25 bundles of 
explosive, each marked with 
its approxima te weight 
In a brochure of London 
boteb there was a mark in pen 
against the Rubens Hotel, the 
London Embassy Hotel and 
the Rembrandt HoteL 
On a leaflet about hair dye 
were details of the setting of 
tuners for bombs in various 
resorts including Margate, 
Ramsgate, Dover, and Great 

The trial was adjourned 
until Monday. 

Palace fir eman in 
‘fear’, inquest told 

Royal fire officer who 
wrongly Named himself for 
the Hampton Court blaze, on 
Easter Monday, was found 
drowned weeks later, an in- 
quest ai Redhill, Surrey, heard 

The body of Mr George 
Indge.agsd 50, was discovered 
on the ranks of the Thames at 
Thames Ditton, Surrey. 

Mr Indge had told a col- 
league that he misread the 
complicated alarm system 
three days before the fire. 

He mistakenly believed that 
he contributed to the Maze 
even though he corrected a 
fault in the system. 

The fire claimed the life of 
Lady Gale who lived inone of 
the private apartments and 
also caused millions of pounds 
worth of damage. 

Mr Glyn George, a fire 
officer from the Department 
of Environment and Mr 
Indge’s superior, told the hear- 
ing that Mr Indge had been off 
duty at the time of the blaze. 
Mr George said that Mr 

leaving work the Thursday 
before the fire.” 

Mr Indge told Mr George 
that he ted noticed a fault 
signal for one of the private 
apartments and went to 

There was nothing wrong so. 
he re-set the alarm system and’ 
the fault signal went off. 

Mr George went on: “Mr 
Indge told me the signal was 
showing for apartment 10 but 
he had misread it and visited 
number nine. 

“Whatever he did, he ted 
no cause for alarm as the panel 
accepted his re-set and the 
alarm system was back in 

Mr George added: “Even if 
there had been a problem, 
other staff were on duty all 
that weekend, 24 hours a day 
and would have spotted it”. 

The day after their conver- 
sation, April 6, Mr Indge 
failed to turn up for work. A 
search was launched and be 
was later found dead. 

Lieutenant Colonel George 
Indge spoke to him five days McEwen, the Royal Coroner, 
after the blaze and told him: “I told the court that police 
may have caused the fire. inquiries revealed there were 
“When 1 asked him what he no suspicious circumstances, 
meant he said be checked the a verdict of drowning was 
wrong alarm panel before recorded. 

Father with mental illness threw son on floor 

A former doctor, who until 
being afflicted by a mental 
illness was said to have bees a 
loving and caring father, threw 
his son aged five on the floor 
and broke his arm, a court 
heard yesterday . . . 

Former GP Michael Ashton 
became angry when his youn- 
gest son, Toby, started quar- 
relling Ashton picked up the 
boy, took him in to the hall at 
his home. lifted him bead high 
and threw him to the ground. 

The toddler screamed in 

agony as his father carried him 
to bis bedroom, Mr Anthony 
Donne, prosecuting told Exe- 
ter Crown Court. 

When his wife arrived 
home, Ashton told hen “I'm 
afraid Toby has got ah egg on 
his head.” He admitted he was 
responsible, telling her “I had 
got cross." 

The boy was taken to hospi- 
tal and detained there for 
several days for treatment to a 
double fracture of his left arm 

and the large swelling to his 

Ashton told police: “Toby 
started quarrelling. I just 
shook him. I just lost my 
temper and l threw him down. 

I put him to bed still crying. 

. “I have a terrible temper. I 
just lost it.” 

For Ashton, Mr Francis 
Gilbert said that until 1982 
Ashton had been a GP in 
north Devon, happily married 
with three children and was a 
loving and caring father. 

But he began to suffer from 
a mental illness and his career 
was now in tatters. He was 
also gening divorced. 

He had never put his chil- 
dren at risk before and Ashton 
was a man who was clearly ill 
and needed help. 

Ashton had admitted caus- 
ing grevious bodily harm to 
bis son and Judge Kenneth 
Willcock placed him on pro- 
bation for two yeare during 
which time he receives medi- 
cal treatment 

— ^Qold 

Mrs Strader Uppal was so 
stunned that she had the 
winning numbers in 
yesterday's Portfolio Gold 
game that she asked her 
colleagues at work to check, 
“Inst to make sure.” 

“I couldn't believe I had 
won. I normally play Portfolio 
Gold when I get to work each 
morning" Mrs Uppal, a cleri- 
cal assistant, said. 

“When the right nombas 
came op I asked my friends to 
go through it again." 

Mrs Uppal, of Hands worth, 
Birmingham, is the only win- 
ner in yesterday's game and 
said she will use her £4,000 
prize to boy a new car. 

Yen wiD need the new 
Portfolio Gold card to play die 
ggme. If yon have any difficul- 
ty obtaining one from your 
newsagent, send an sae. to: 
Portfolio Gold, 

The Times, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

will spend 
> on a new car. 

Two on MoD 
fraud charge 

A father and son charged 
with fraud involving Ministry 
of Defence equipment worth 
more than £300,000. were 
refused bail yesterday by 
Hem el Hempstead magis- 

Dennis Evans, aged 60, of 
Kensworth, Bedfordshire, and 
his son Paul, aged 32, both 
from Richmond Electronics in 
Markyate, Hertfordshire, are 
said to have been receiving 
money from government con- 
tracts without supplying the 

£V2m left after 
self neglect 

A woman said by a coroner 

to have died of self neglect has 
left an estate of £530,300 net, 
h was disclosed yesterday. 

Miss Eleanor Joan Reekie, 
aged 75, daughter of the 
former head of Initial Towel 
Services, was found dead from 
malnutrition at her home in 
Whaley Bridge, Derbyshire, 
last January. 

Other wills, page 19 

Sea search off 

An air and sea search for 
three fishermen, Ian Hamil- 
ton. aged 22, Gilbert McAllis- 
ter, aged 25. and William 
Brandxe, aged 19, all from 
Islay, in the Western Isles, was 
called off yesterday when 
wreckage from their 40ft cata- 
maran was found washed up 
on the island's west coast 

Jet-set baby 

A baby boy was delivered 
on board a British Airways jet 
as it flew from London to 
Manila yesterday after Mrs 
Vivienne Carreon went into 
labour. The mother and child 
were said to be doing well in a 
hospital in Bombay last night 

Hoare divorce 

Sir Frederick Hoare, 

73, a former Lord Mayor of 
London, and his third wife, 
Sarah, intend to end their two- 
year marriage by a special 
procedure divorce in the Lon- 
don Divorce Court 

Cyanide alert 

Warnings were 
people living by 



Avon yesterday after 50 gal- 

ions of cyanide leaked into the 
river from the Bowerhill sew- 
age works at Melksham, 

Peer’s divorce 

Lord Queensbeny has peti- 
tioned in the London Divorce 
Court for a special procedure 
divorce from his wife after 16 
years' marriage. 

Science report 

Childhood cancer research to check radiation 

Science Correspondent 

Research that aims to relate 
the frw-ttgHBoe of childhood 
cancer In .different parts of 
Britain to geographic varia- 
tions in ramatioa exposure is 
b***n g conducted at Birming- 
ham linivetshy. 

The main objective is to 

Because childhood cancer Is 
uncommon, an epidemiologi- 
cal study of the factors which 
influence its occsnrcnce re- 

and background radiation and 
to nmriraatti the w ini rib B tinn of 

Cancer in chftdbood is rela- 
tively HBcofluaioii, affecting 
only about one in 650 children 
np -to the age of- 15 years. 
Improved , methods of treat- 
ment ensnra.tfcfit flbonttft per. 
cent survive into ndufthood, 
tet about 400 children die 
from leukaemia - and other 
cancers eyery year. v; . 

mridence aad mortality. 

The largest and 
naming stody of 
cancer undertaken is the Ox- 
ford Surrey, begun In 1953 
and located at B irming ham 
since 1974. It comprises the 
medical and family details of 
about 15,000 children who 
have, died from cancer since. 
1953, and of the same number 
of healtby children, as con- 

The controls are children 
selected from local Kith regis- 
ters trim have the seme ages, 
sex and geographical locations 
ns those who have died. -. 

■’ Tbe woik was begmrby Dr 

Alice Stewart, now at the 
Department of Social Medi- 
cine at Birmingham. She ami 
her colleagues m Oxford first 
identified the association be- 
tween the exposure of preg- 
nant women to diagnostic 
medical X-rays and subse- 
quent cancer in their children. 

ma radiation have recently 
been sm-veyed by the Nathnal 
Radiological Protection 
Board, wim readings available 
for every 10 square kilometres 
of the narinnfll gild. As a 
result, each of the cancer cases 
has been given a value for its 
dose from background radi 

ham suggest that about 12 per 
cent of chBdhood cancer cases 

who died between 1953 and 
1978 were directly caused by 
exposure to snefa X-rays. 

Since »«mnal doses to the 
general population from back- 


Mnrw to riif _ 

distributions of medical and 
non-medical radiation the sep- 
arate effects of the two Jrinds 
of exposure can be assessed 
and the 

medical X-rays, a high propor- 
tfonofcfciMfaood cancers could 
be due to ta£groand gamma 


Levels of backgnwnd gam- 

The Birmingham work is 
fended by a grant from the 
Comnxmfesaoa of the Europe- 
an C uram a nti es' radiation 
protection programme. 

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Three weeks after Chernobyl 

Russians strive to reassure 
tourists and Kiev residents 

From Christopher Walker, Moscow 

Three weeks after the 
world's largest nuclear disaster 
at Chernobyl, the Soviet au- 
thorities have launched a 
sweeping campaign designed 
to reassure foreign tourists 
that the Ukraine is safe and to 
calm mounting anxiety among 
the 2.3 million residents of 
Kiev about the safely of local 

The campaign follows the 
warning on Thursday by the 
1 2 members of the EEC 
against all travel to the 
Ukraine and Byelorussia be- 
cause of the continuing high 
levels of radiation. 

The new Soviet moves, 
backed by wide coverage in 
the official media, came as 
news emerged for the first 
time about whole families 
leaving the Kiev region and 
moving to Moscow to stay 
with relatives and friends. It 
was impossible to estimate 
how many people have al- 
ready used this escape route. 

One Muscovite said yester- 
day: “I have just heard from a 
friend who is finding life very 
difficult because a group of 
seven of his relatives from 
Kiev have moved in and insist 
that he lets them slay until the 
scare there is over.” 

Already hundreds of foreign 
tourists, students and workers 
have been evacuated from the 
Ukraine, and yesterday Tass 
announced that special medi- 
cal control centres had been 
set up at all Kiev hotels to 
reassure tourists about radia- 
tion levels. 

Tass emphasized that In- 
tourist, the state tour organi- 
zation. bad not suspended 
tours to the city “even for a 
single minute” since the ex- 
plosion took place some 60 
miles away. But recently re- 
turned Western visitors have 
said that the main hotels are 
virtually empty. 

As pan of the campaign, Mr 
Vladimir Fedorchenko, direc- 

tor-general of the Kiev branch 
of In tourist, yesterday accused 
Western newsmen and diplo- 
mats, who are still barred from 
the city, of anemjjting to scare 
away foreign visitors during 
the early days after the disaster 
became known. 

Parallel to the efforts to woo 
back tourists have come ex- 
tensive efforts to calm wide- 
spread fears among residents 
of Kiev and the surrounding 
region about the safety of fresh 
foods. These include the set- 
ting up of special radiation 
checkpoints at a0 of the city’s 
22 fruit and vegetable 

Despite the _ _ 

an warnings about 

radiation levels in Ukraine, 
the Soviet authorities insist on 
telling their own citizens that 
most food produced in collec- 
tive farms outside the 18-mile 
exclusion rone around the 
stricken plant is safe. 

Yesterday, both the party 

paper, Sovietskaya Rossiya, 
and Tass carried separate 
accounts of trading in the 
markets, claiming that it had 
most certainly not declined 
because of the radiation leak. 
In feci. 1,200 tons more of 
vegetables and herbs had been 
supplied by the forms in the 
surrounding region than in 

But between the lines of the 
official reports the pointers to 
widespread local anxiety are 
easy to see. It is disdosed that, 
as a precaution, ail the mar- 
kets are washed down three 
times a day and that the sale of 
milk, cottage cheese, sour 
cream and all leafy vegetables 
has been suspended 

AH vegetables sold at the 
markets are checked with 
Geiger counters and special 
radiation units have been 
established so that worried 
shoppers can check their pur- 
chases a second time. 

Reindeer meat radiation risk to Lapps 

From Tony Samstag 

Laplanders, the nomadic 
tribal people of the far north 
known to Scandinavians as the 
Sami, may be more at risk 
than most northern Europeans 
from the effects of the 
Chernobyl disaster, according 
to studies made public here 

The Institute for Radiologi- 
cal Hygiene near Oslo has 

been monitoring radiation lev- 
els in reindeer meat a staple of 
the Laplanders* diet, since the 
Russian and American atmo- 
spheric nuclear tests of few 
fifties and sixties. 

As a group, the Sam! are 
estimated to have absorbed 
15-30 times as much radiation 
as other Norwegians. 

Concentrations of radioac- 
tive iodine, caesium and stron- 
tium enter the tooi chain 

through the lichen on which 
the reindeer feed, and are 
concentrated in the flesh and 
bones of animate and men. 

The scientists emphasize 
dim the levels of radioactivity 
involved, thongh higher than 
normal, are still moderate, and 
have decreased since the tests 
were stopped. 

Dr Jon B. Redan, of the 
Institute, says: “It is extreme- 
ly important not to warn 

people off eating reindeer 
meat The radioactivity is 
negligible and without health 

A panic would have tragic 
consequences for the huge 
reindeer industry in the north- 
ern counties, lie adds. 

Of the 60,000 Laplanders in 
Scandinavia, 40,000 live pri- 
marily in Norway. More than 
3,000 depend totally on rein- 
deer for their livelihood. 

MP’s nose 
broken in 
House riot 

From Martha de la Cal 

Senhor Vargas Buicao. a 
Portugues Social Democrat 
depuly, suffered a broken nose 
and other injuries when 300 
people from Vizela, angered 
that their town had not been 
restored to the status of mu- 
nicipality. rioted yesterday in 
the Lisbon Parliament min- 
utes after the vote was taken. 

The residents of Vizela, a 
prosperous textile town in the 
mountains near the northern 
bonder with Spain, travelled 
300 miles by bus to wait in the 
parliamentary galleries for the 
vote - which finally went 
against them when it came at 
around midnight 
The President of the Assem- 
bly ordered police to clear the 
galleries, but they were unable 
to contain the rioters who ran 
through the corridors. 

The problem of Vizela. a 
town of 6.000 voters, is that it 
was a municipality until the 
seat of government was 
moved to Guimaraes during 
the last century. 

Since 1964, ihe people have 
organized in a bid to have the 
town’s status restored. 

In recent years, after losing 
their appeals in Parliament, 
angry townsfolk have torn up 
the train tracks from Vizela to 
Guimaraes. destroyed a head- 
quarters of the " Municipal 
Government of Guimaraes. 
refused to vote in national 
elections, smashing voting sta- 
tions and tearing up voting’ 
papers, and set up a gallows at 
the entrance to Vizela warning 
that “any politician who en- 
ters here will be hanged”. 

After Friday’s defeat, they 
boarded their buses for the 
long trek home, swearing that 
they would raise the Union 
Jack or the American flag over 
their town. 

Gandhi doubtful on mission 
of Commonwealth group 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indi- 
an Prime Minister, has cast 
doubt on the usefulness of the 
mission to South Africa of the 
Commonwealth Eminent Per- 
sons' Group. 

He said yesterday in Harare, 
the second stop of his four- 
nation southern Africa tour, 
that there was every indica- 
tion that so for the group “has 
not really got its teeth into the 
actual issue, which is that 
apartheid must end". 

He added, however, that he 
and other Commonwealth 
leaders on a committee to 
review the group’s report next 
month had not yet been 
briefed on its last meeting. 

Six “eminent persons” are 
in South Africa, seeking meet- 
ings with President Botha and 
Mr Nelson Mandela, the jailed 
leader of the African National 
Congress. On the group's re- 
port hangs the 
Commonwealth’s derision on 
whether to impose further 
restrictions on South Africa. 

Mr Gandhi said that despite 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

the group's attempt to bring 
about change with a minimum 
of bloodshed be saw “the 
trends heading for a major 
explosion” in South Africa. 
“We have to really start seeing 
what actions need to be taken 
in case the EPG process 
doesn’t work out” 

The alternatives, which he 
did not mention, must be 
discussed before he and other 
Commonwealth leaders meet 
in London in August he said. 

Mr Gandhi arrived here 
from Zambia on Thursday, 
and held two hours of talks 
with Mr Robert Mugabe, the 
Prime Minister of Zimbabwe. 
At the Commonwealth sum- 
mit in Nassau last October 
they were regarded as the 
principal advocates of sanc- 
tions and are expected to be 
key figures in coming Com- 
monwealth deliberations. 

Commonwealth group was 
said yesterday to be disen- 
chanted by the responses of 
South African ministers to 

proposals it submitted after its 
visit in March (Michael 
Hornsby writes). 

The newspaper Business 
Day said the Commonwealth 
initiative was “about to fell 
apart” and that group mem- 
bers were seriously consider- 
ing cutting short their visit 

The group refused to com- 
ment on such speculation, in 
keeping with the public silence 
it has maintained since its 
mediation began. Diplomatic 
sources said there was no sign 
that it was about to pack up 
and go home. 

Some members of the 
group, however, were reported 
last night to have left Cape 
Town for Lusaka for talks 
with ANC leaders in exile. 

Diplomatic and govern- 
ment sources said President 
Botha's tirade against foreign 
"meddlers’* before the 
President's Council on Thurs- 
day was intended more as a 
reassurance to conservative 
whites here than as an attack 
on the Commonwealth group. 

Two Lebanese students at the American University la Beirut 
making tbeir views clear yesterday during the sit-in to 
protest against the kidnapping of their lectarers and friends. 

Chemical weapons win 
formal Nato approval 

From Frederick Boanart, Brussels 
Nato yesterday adopted for- when they meet in Brussels on 
mally a controversial plan that 
win allow the United States to 
go ahead with the production 
of a new generation of binary 
chemical weapons. 

Despite strong resistance 
from several European coun- 
tries, notably The Nether- 
lands, a Nato spokesman said 
that the alliance's Defence 
Planning Council had adopted 
the US section of the alliance's 
military force goals for 1987- 
91 Tlus opens the way for 
-Washington to resume chemi- 
cal weapons production in 
October 1987 after a 17-year 

Yesterday's decision is ex- 
pected to be approved formal- 
ly by Nato defence ministers 


The US Congress rated last 
year that tiie Reagan Adminis- 
tration oould not resume pro- 
duction of chemical weapons 
unless it first had the approval 
of its Nato allies. 

• BONN: West Germany’s 
Ambassador in Washington 
has reported to Bonn that 
President Reagan might with- 
draw 20 per cent of his troops 
from West Germany, the pop- 
ular daily Biid claimed yester- 
day (Frank Johnson writes.) 

A 20 per cent reduction in 
American troops would mean 
the loss of 50,000 out of the 
present total in West Germa- 
ny of 250,000. • : 

Budget cut 
‘puts US 
in danger 9 

From Michael Binyon 
* Washington 

President Reagan has ac- 
cused the House of Represen- 
tatives of taking “unaccept- 
able risks” with US scarify 
by voting for a defence budget 
$35 Wflioa [&1& bfflkm) low- 
er than be had requested. 

In au angry fetter to Mr 
Robert Michels, the Republi- 
can min o rity leader, Mr Rea- 
gan said the radical anti- 
defeoce budget, later passed 

by the Democratkvcontrolled 

House, would “cripple the 
combat readiness of or con- 
ventional Ibices”. It would 
take ■acceptable risks with 
natio nal security at a time 
when an im m e nse Soviet nriti* 
taiy bund-up was cottinatog 

“Has Congress so soon 
forgotten the consequences of 
short-changing national de- 
fence? I cannot believe the 
American people - given the 
feet — would approve of what 
the House Lvdget committee 
would have ns do." 

The President said large 
improvements In military per- 
sonnel and readiness could uot 
be sastahted with a $35 billion 
reduction. Research and devel- 
opment for more than 50 
programmes worid have to be 
stretched out or shelved. Mu- 
nitions cutbacks would reduce 

USabflHy to sustain forces to 

He particularly Mamed the 
House budget committee, 
which is controlled by the 
Democrats, to a bst-tahnrte 
attempt to sway votes. Never- 
theless, a few hours later the 
whole House passed his $994 
billion budget by 245 to 179 
votes. There were 17 Republi- 
cans trim supported the Demo- 
cratic majority, though 19 
Democrats voted against ft 
The House pton reduces the 
military budget below this 
year's level of S286JB bBtion, 
c u t tin g $16 billion more titan 
the Senate had proposed. The 

House cat equally into defence 

and domestic spending. 

The House and Senate now 
go to conference to work out 
tbeir differences on the mili- 
tary budget House leaders say 
they are willing to move 
towards the Senate's higher 

Despite Mr Reagan’s tot 
words, the White House bus 
so for- done little lobbying for 
its overall budget plan, mmfli- 
ing to get involved to a fight 
over the contentious issue of 
raising taxes. 

Shultz woos Jews on Riyadh arms 

From Michael Binyon, Washington 

Mr Geo^^auh^ the US ion'sstruggle tojorce through demonstrate 

Secretary of State, has called 
on the American Jewish com- 
munity to support the sale of 
weapons to S**udi Arabia, 
saying that if Iranian influence 
in the region was to advance, 
then America's strategic inter- 
est would be harmed, and so 
would that of Israel 
Taking the Administrat- 

Congrcss the $354 million 
(£226 million) sate directly to 
the influential American Jew- 
ish Committee, he told its 
annual dinner that there were 
many in the Arab world who 
wanted peace and moderation 
and could be brought to accept 

“But if America cannot 

that we are 
constant, effective, strong and 
responsible presence in the 
Middle East, those with the 
best of inclinations inevitably 
will make tbeir accommoda- 
tions with those who bear the 
worst intentions towards us." 

The House of Representa- 
tives and the Senate have 
blocked the sale. 

Stone Age monster flaps mto flight 

■ JHM V 'M • '•V : ' : , From Michael Bisvon replica of a fossilized ptero- “We realized we were mow like a rodder. 

-*v. : 

• v - 

sV «.:.j 

■kvu . • - * * 1 . 

*i * ?-'v 

. t, « j, y ■ 

Mr Pa id MacCready and his hi-tech pterodactyl alter a 
recent test flight over Death Valley to California. 

From Michael Binyon 

A riant Stone Age pterodac- 
tyl last seen on earth 65 
million years ago, win today 
take to the skies over Andrews 
airport base. 

Flapping its wings and mov- 
ing its long ugl y bead bom 
side to side, it wul swoop past 
s battery of film cameras and 
scientific boffins. Like a furry 
flying lizard, the monster will 
do afi bat issue the terrifying 
shriek heard to the days of the 

The monster is to fact a 
$700,000 com pater-controlled 


A Centennial 
Parlour Clock 
in a Genuine Oak 
Wood Cabinet £49 3 I 

Take advantage of this special opportunity to become one of the country’s 
privileged Teu> cmniiw ihis proud Symbol of our country’s heritage. All we 
ask for now u £3.50 for carnage - you can pay for the dock when it arrives 
at your home. Inspired by a time when pride of craflmanship and 
excellence of workmanship were paramount - the centennial parlour dock 
is worthy of any comparison. 

The long admired originals - now alas only found in museums, stately 
homes and the better antique shops (where they can command prices of 

ith full, ' ■ * ‘ 

almost £1000!) have been faithfully recreated to echo perfectly aU the 
traditional skills and craftmanshm q f * bygone age. A rich memory of 
Victorian England so sadly missed in today s plastic space age. Like the 
original this centennial parlour dock has bold Roman numerals set on a 
brass rimmed dial, ihe same intricate open filigree work of the hands, 
the same beautifully carved solid oak wood cabinet, and the same bevel 
cut glass side panels and door that hinges open allowing easy access for 
winding and pcndulun adjustment. It features 31 day key wind 
movement; stnki-s the number of hours and on every half hour, has 
genuine brass rimmed dial and hinges. 

A masterpiece of precision dockmaking that will last a lifetime and beyond it makes a much cherished and 
adornment to any parlour or living room in 1 946. The centennial parlour clock - which is sent to you on a 30 day 
trial basis - comes with a 3 year guarantee, wall hanging plate plus a brass plaque to be msribed with a message of 
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replica of a fossilized ptero- 
dactyl found 14 years ago to 
west Texas. 

Its flight ends a project that 
has stretched the togenMy of 
aviation engineers, fired the 
imagination of archaeotogisls 
and involved the distinguished 
Smithsonian Institution in re- 
creating the ornithopter for its 
new film about flight, which 
opens next month. 

The 441b model, made of 
carbon and latex and coated 
with teddy bear for, took two 
years to build and almost 
defied avionics. The real 
pterodactyl was twice its size 
with a wingspan of 36ft, 

“We realized we were 
ing ap the evolutionary 
timescale abort a miffim years 
a week,” said Mr Paid 
MacCready, its creator, when 
be tmvesled his bird bdore the 
cameras yesterday. (Mr 
MacCready himself gained 
feme In 1977 by baildtog the 
first hmnan-powered aircraft 
to make a sustained flight) 
Tbe design team — based in 
Texas and tndadmg a profes- 
sor of palaeontology - had to 
fit the beast, christened 
Qaetzalcoatins Northrop!, 
with battery-driven artificial 
muscles to flap its wings and 
an anto-pflot to more its head 

like a rodder. 

They decided early on it was 
beyond modern science to get 
the Stone Age creature to lift 
itself off the around. “Jart to 
make this thing fly was like 
trying to shoot an arrow with 
the feathers in front," Mr 
MacCready said. Instead, it 
will be yanked up today by a 
tow line and let free at 500ft. 

All America is sore to watch 
the bizarre creatine from the 
part and many win be quietly 
pleased that even if Nasa 
cannot get its rockets aloft, the 
Smithsonian Air and Space 
Mnsemn can pot its oeatwes 
into space. 

kill 10 
in ambush 

Bogota (Reuter) - Guerril- 
las have killed eight soldiers, a 
civilian and a rebel during an 
ambush of a military convoy 
in one of the bloodiest guerril- 
la attacks in Colombia in 
recent months, the Defence 
Ministry said. 

The attack. 10 days before a 
scheduled presidential eteo- . 
lion, happened on Wednesday '* 
night near Otu, in the north- 

General Augusto Rodri- 
guez, Army commander in the 
area, said that 1 5 soldiers were 
injured when four trucks were 
ambushed by unidentified 
guerrillas. Political sources say 
that such ambushes, and re- 
cent fighting in the south- 
western Cauca region, will not 
jeopardize the election. 

Rocket found . 
in Jakarta 

Jakarta (Reuter) - Jakarta's 
international school and the ; - 
American Express Bank were 
evacuated after warnings 
about bombs when an unex- 
ploded rocket was found out- 
side the Soviet Embassy. 

It is believed to be one of 
two home-made rockets fired 
at the US and Japanese Em- 
bassies on Wednesday. 

Tornado trail 

New York (AP) — Torna- 
does roared through Indiana, 
Illinois. Missouri, Michigan 
and Ohio, killing one person 
in Missouri, damaging homes 
and leaving more than 20 
people homeless. 

Singer hurt 

Seoul (AFP) — An English 
singer, Allen Pickery, and his 
wife were slightly injured in a 
hotel fire in SeouL 

Czechs jailed 

Vienna (AP) — Six Czecho- 
slovaks have been sentenced 
to jail terms of up to 20 
months for taking part in a 
poster campaign against Sovi- 
et missiles and Soviet influ- 
ence in their country. 

Genghis tomb 

Peking (AFP) — The tomb 
of the Mongolian warrior 
king, Genghis Khan, in the c 
Ordos Highlands in Inner 
Mongolia, has been renovated 
and opened to tourists. 

Family killed 

East Hartford. Connecticut, 
(Reuter)- Mr John Cobum, “a 
28-year-old security guard, 
shot dead his three young 
children before killing himself 
in their home. 

Dear diamond 

Geneva (AP) — A 36-carat 
yellow diamond which reput- 
edly once belonged to the 
19th-century Egyptian vice- 
roy. Khedive Ismail Pasha, 
was sold by Christie's to a 
private European collector for 
£172,000. : ( 

Man of state 

Ankara (AFP) — The 
world's oldest statesman, the 
former Turkish President 
Celal Bayar, celebrated his 
104th birthday yesterday, say- 
ing that politics and friendship 
were the secrets of his 

Dengue battle 

Rio de Janeiro (AFP) - 
Brazil is mobilising 1,300 
soldiers to help to fight an 
epidemic of dengue fever 
which has already afflicted 
350,000 people. 

Geese guard : „ 

Darmstadt (AFP) - The US * 1 
Army has bought 900 white 
geese for $25,000 to help to 
guard bases in West Germany. 


angered by 
new rule 

Assurance on Hong Kong 


Evictions and homelessness for 
thousands of people would he 
caused by the Government's 
decision announced yesterday 
to pay only half mortgage 
interest for the first six months 
on supplementary benefit, and 
it was a vicious kick against the 
unemployed, Mr Michael 
M exciter, chief Opposition 
spokesman on Health and 
Social Security, said on a point 
of order. 

He intervened in a debate on 
the inner cities to demand a 
Government statement on the 
huge cut it was proposing on 
mortgage interest payments for 
die unemployed for the first six 
months on the dole which he 
said would affect 90,000 

He said the announcement 
was sneaked out at the last 
moment by written answer late 
yesterday afternoon, after a 
Green. Paper, after a six month 
consultation period, after a 
White Paper, and after a three 
month committee stage on foe 
Social Security BHL 

It will undermine borne 
ownership (he said) and will 
cause unemployed people 

Mr John Biflea, Leader of tbe 
House, said he had taken in 
mind what had been said. 


An assurance was given by 
Lord Glenarthur, Under 
Secretary of State, Home 
Office, in foe House of Lords, 
foal foe British Government 
would regard it as an obligation 
on any future government to 
treat with particular sympathy 
cases for the admission to tbe 
United Kingdom of any of foe 
11.500 people of non-Chinese 

S in Hong Kong who came 
pressure to leave Hong 
Kong after 1997 when the 
British colony reverts to 
Chinese sovereignty. 

The assurance ted Lord 
Clcdwyn of Penrhos, Leader of 
the Opposition peers, to 
withdraw a motion calling on 
the Government to withdraw 
an order setting out provisions 
on nationality in preparation 
for the takeover. 

Lord Ckdwya of Penrhos had 
urged the Government to 
withdraw foe Hong Kong 
(British Nationality) Order 
establishing some of the 
arrangements for transition 
back to Chinese rule. 

He said he would 
concentrate on the issue of the 
citizenship of nan-ethnic 
Chinese whose contribution to 
the life of Hong Kong had been 
out of all proprotion their 
numbers. They had deliberately 
chosen to be British subjects 
and tbeir right to be so had 
never previously been 
questioned by a British 

It was clear to all who knew 
Hong Kong that they wished to 
remain there; where their 
homes and livelihoods were. 

It was very much in the 
Government's interest that 
there should be an acceptable 
settlement of tbe issue. 

Lord Gleaardwr said that the 
Government had given carefii] 
consideration to points raised 
earlier and had gone a long way 
to meet the wishes of foe 
people of Horn Kong. The 
proposals were fair, consistent 
and comprehensive. The order 
would come into force in July 
1987 which would give third 
countries time to get used lb 
foe new passport provoided for 
in the order. These would have 
a 10 year validity. 

a The future of non-ethnic 
citizens in Hong Kong would 
be secure as a matter of 
national and international tew. 
They would have a right of 
abode, and a to continue to 
work in the public services. 

British citizenship (he said) 
could not strengthen their 
position in Hong Kong nor 
extend it to more than two 
generations boro there after 
1997 so it is not necessary to 
meet their real needs. To pant 
them British citizenship would 
be anomalous. There were 
already 200,000 with British 
overseas citizenship who bad 
no otherc nationality. It was a 
status widely recognized and 

The Government would 
expert any. future British 
Government to consider 

sum pathetically, on a case-by- 
case basis, any application to 
live in the United Kingdom, if 
they came under pressure in 
Hong Kong. That was a strong 
moral commitment 
Lord Kenner (SDP) said the 
Alliance would support the 
Opposition motion. The 
Chinese did not normally grant 
citizenship to non-Cbinese. 
Britain had no right to expect 
they would change that long- 
standing policy and the,' 
Chinese had already said 
explicitly that citizenship of 
those .people was a British 

It cannot be honourably 
done by a former colonial 
government (he said) and if we 
ever have the right to put it 
right before 19977 we shall do 

Lord Todd said the minority 
He could 





had a 

also understand the 
Government’s concern, given 
the problem of minorities in 
Britain, but foe many more in 
Gibraltar would be much more 
to exercise the right of 
they bad been given. 

Lonf Kadoorie, a Hong Kong 
resident, said the minority 
should have been offered the 
full British citizenshipo to 
which they were entitled. 

Lord Denning said' that~U 
would be the duty of a British 
Government a to protect 
individuals in any way 
oppressed or turned out of 
Hong Kong. The order wait as 
for as anyone could reasonably 


There had been a revision in foe 
Government's thinking on one 
aspect of the control over for- 
eign ownership of shares in the 
Royal Ordnance Factories when 
they were privatized. Mr John 
Ue. Under Secretary of State 
for Defence Procurement, said 
in the Commons. 

Replying to a debate initiated 
by Mrs Gwyneth D unwoud y 
(Crewe and Nantwich, Lab), he 
said foe importance of the 
business to the defence of the 
UK was such that the Govern- 
ment would not wish to see 
control of the company passing 
into foreign hands. 

The Government had made 
dear its determination to ensure 
adequate control over foreign 
ownership by the creation ora 
special share. Its original inten- 
tion had been to amend the 
articles of association to indude 
limitations on foreign 
shareholdings and also on dis- 
posals of assets. .■ 

, ft bad previously said the > 
right level at which the 
Government's agreement would 
be necessary was 15 percent of 
foe company's assets. On fur- 
foer reflection, it had concluded 
that the level should be 25 pe- 










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■* « 

National Front backs Government 

French left defeated in 
attempt to topple 




4 ■ •___ 


The first attempt by the 
French left to bring down the 
lwHnonih-okl conservative 
-Government has felled. The 
censure motion tabled by the 
-Socialists won only 251 votes 
yesterday, well short of the 
absolute majority of 289 need- 
ed for. the motion to be 

- The National Front decided 
i|t the last moment not to vote 
•for the motion. The extreme- 
rigftt party has been criticized 
=by its supporters for having 
appeared to side too closely 
with the Socialists and the 
Communists in its opposition 
to the Government. 

Already one of the 35 
National Front deputies has 
^decided to leave the group and. 
Jo join the Government's 
. and party supporters 
■ others might follow. 
v ‘. The defeat of the censure 
motion means that the en- 
abling Bill to allow the Gov- 
ernment to legislate by decree 
<oo a series of economic and 
social measures, including pri- 
vatization. is deemed to have 
passed its first reading in the 
National Assembly, mid win 
now go to the Senate. 

■' The Government has drawn 
up a list of 65 state-owned 

From Duds Geddes, Paris 

industrial groups, banks, and 
Insurance companies which it 
intends to privatize over the 

cases of. 

next five years. Details of how 
: is to be done have not yet 


been announced: it is not 
known, for example; 
the Government will attempt 
to retain some form of control 
over the newly privatized 

M Jacques rhirac, ; die - 
Prime Minister, • came out 
earlier this week against a 
British-style “golden share” 
system, giving the Govern- 
ment a veto over some deci- 
sions. But his Minister for 
Privatization, M Camille Ca- 

serne preferential share sys- 
tern would be devised to 
protect tire national interest ' 

President Mitterrand has 
already announced that be 
wtli not sign any decree relat- 
ing to the privatization of 
companies nationalized be- 
fore the Socialists came to 
power in 1981. 

Constitutional experts are 
divided over whether the 
President has the right to 
refuse to sign decrees, but 
point out that the Govern- 
ment could always circum- 
vent the problem by pre- 

senting - difficult 
privatization to Parliament in 
the form of a BflL 

After two months of surpris- 
ingly harmonious political 
“cohabitation”, M Mitterrand 
appears to have derided to 
make his differen c es with the 
Government more frequently 
in public Some commenta- 
tors have already begun talk- 
ing of the end of the 
“honeymoon” between the 
President and M Chirac. 

At Wednesday’s Cabinet 
meeting, over which M 
Mitterrand always presides, he 
went out of his way to express 
his “strong reservations and 
disapproval” of the Gov- 
ernment’s controversial plan 
to abolish the requirement 
that companies obtain Gov- 
ernment approval before lay- 
ing off workers. 

He also gave an implicit 
warning that be might seek to 
intervene in the Govern- 
ment's plaits for New Caledo- 
nia if he feels- that they would 
disturb the new fragile harmo- 
ny between the indigenous 
Kanalra and the white settlers. 

M Mitterrand is also expect- 
ed to voice opposition to the 
decision to privatize the tele- 
vision channel, TFL 

Some of 
Virginia, i 

boxing's famous names at a memorial service at the grave of Joe Lotus, die former world champion, in Arlington. 
. manned (from left) Mi chael Spinks, Jersey Joe Walcott, Joe Frazier, Mohammad AH and Sngar Ray Leonard. 

15 Bengali 
victims in 
rebel raid 

From Ahmed FazI 

hu :s 

1 •«-. r. . 
• * ti|. 

• Locusts a 
threat on 
four fronts 






ramih kit 


Hear dias 

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lkn& 1 

(iCv* £ 

■ From Charles Harrison 

For the first time in more 
than 50 y ears miltions of acres 
‘.of farmland in eastern and 
Africa are being 
itened simultaneously by 
fom species of migratory 

‘ The return of widespread 
rains after years of drooghr 
have created conditions espe- 
cially favourable to four spe- 
cies — the desert locust, the 
African migratory locust, the 
-red locust and the brown locust 
—each threatening a different 
part of die region. - 

Officials of (he UN Food 
and Agriculture Organization 
(FAO) here say that plans are 
being drawn np in coqjmtction 
.with other spedalistprgaaiza- 
tions to tadde tire nremme with 
aerial spraying. ■ 

- The desert locust^ which 
virtually disappeared from its 
breeding grounds m die Horn 
of Africa after the 1982-84 
drought, has retained in Mau- 
ritania; Saudi Arabia, Sudan 
and Egypt 

*■ Despite spraying from the 
air, another species, tire Afri- 
can migratory locust, has 
moved from Sudan into north- 
ern Ethiopia, northern Ugan- 
da and Kenya. Swarms of this 
species have appeared as far 
sooth as Cape Town. 

*• The red toensfr normally 
•found in Tanzania, 

.Malawi and Mozambique, was 
reported recently in parts of 
southern Kenya. 

The brown locust has ap- 
jieared in its largest numbers 
for 20 years in the Karoo area 
of Cape Province, South 

The FAO director-general, 
Mr Edouard Saonma, says 
that the countries affected by 
foe new threat cannot control 
the locusts with their own 
limited resources. Internation- 
al ahl from the FAO and other 

bodies was essential. 

Turkey’s barred 

win way 
into Parliament 

From Rant Gurdilek, Ankara 
Two-and-a-balf years after to a three-way tattle, with Mr 

the elections which ended 
three years of military rule in 
Turkey, only one of the three 
parties then allowed to take 
part survives, while most of 
those tarred from “the model 
Parliament” have forced their 
way in. 

ironically, the way in for 
most of them was provided by 
the demise on May 4 of the 
Nationalist Democracy Party, 
the ill-fated favourite of the 
former military rulers. 

The previously extra-Padfe- 
mentary - - Social -Democrats 
had already entered. Parlia- 
ment in October through a 
merger with the officialfy- 
recognized Populist Opposi- 
tion. The link-up creaxed the. 
Social Democratic , Populist 
Party, which recent polls have 
shown to be in second (dace. . 

Early this year a social 
democratic left-wing party, 
the DSP, supported .fry Mr 
Bulent Ecevit the former 
Social Democrat Prime Min- 
ister, and led by his wife, Mrs 
Rahsan Ecevit. followed suit 
by enlisting four populist 

Then followed the small 
Citizens' Party (VAP): Its two 
seats were held by Mr Vural 
Arikan, a former Finance 
Minister in the Government 
of Mr Tuigut OzaJ, and his 
sister, both of whom had been 
expelled from the ruling 
Motherland Party. 

: But on May 4 came the 
most dramatic change, when 
the Nationalist Democracy 
Party, already run-down after 
recurring defeats, dissolved 
itself Its remaining 52 MPs 
joined tire ranks of the inde- 
pendents, whose numbers rose 
to a record 94 in the 400-seat 
Grand National Assembly. 

The rise in the number of 
independents led immediately 

OzaJ firing tire first shots. 

Worried about threatened 
defections from his party's 
extreme right and armed with 
his reinterpretation of the 
post-coup constitution, which 
bars inter-party moves, he 
managed to recruit 22 of the 
independents while suffering 
only one defection. The move 
boosted his parliamentary ma- 
jority from 206 to 227. 

Next, Mr Mehmet Yazar, 
who resigned from the True 
Path Party after an unsuccess- 
ful challenge to Mr SnJeyman 
Demire 1, the former Conser- 
vative Prime Minister, re- 
cruited 21 independents for 
his newly- formed Free Demo- 
cratic Party. 

Finally, the True Path Par- 
ty, which is pledged to a 
political comeback . for Mr 
Demird (like Mr Ecevit, he 
has been tanned from active 
politics until 1992), managed 
to recruit 20 deputies, just 
enough to form a pariiamenta- 

Frfleen people were shot 
dead and 24 more wounded 
seriously as separatist guerril- 
las in Bangladesh's south- 
eastern Chittagong hills at- 
tacked a Bengali settlement. 
Interior Ministry officials said 

The rebels allegedly be- 
longed to the Shanli Bahini 
(Peace Force), a Marxist group 
which has been fighting since 
1976 for an independent 
homeland for 500,000 Bud- 
dhist rhaknra and Manna 
tribesmen in tire hills border- 
ing eastern India and Burma. 

About 50 guerrillas with 
automatic weapons attacked 
the village in Khagrachari 
district, about 280 miles from 
Dhaka, and set alight several 
hamlets, local officials said. 

Soldiers from an out: 
near fay said that the 
who made the attack on 
Tuesday, threw bodies into 
the flames before escaping. 

About 10,000 troops were 
sent into the hills last week 
after another guerrilla attack 
on April 29 in which more 
than 40 people in a Bengali 
settlement were killed. 

The guerrilla war was trig- 
gered by a government deci- 
sion in the- early 1970s to 
resettle landless Muslim Ben- 
gali far me r s in the . hills, the 
least populated part of the 

Guerrilla leaders have de- 
manded the end of the reset- 
tlement programme. 

Corsican guerrillas kill two 
in holiday camp bombing 

From Onr Own Correspondent, Paris 
Two people have been killed its demands for independence boors 

from France. 

The movement has claimed 
responsibility for more than 30 
terrorist attacks so far this 
year, including three against 
tourist installation*. 

ami four injured by bombs 
planted by a guerrilla group 
claiming to represent the out- 

yesterday, later ad- 
dressed the regional assembly 
on the island. 

la wed separatist movement in 
Corsica which exploded hi a 
holiday camp near Cargese in 
the central west of the Island, 
about 40 miles north of the 
island capital, Ajaccio. 

The heavily armed 15-man 
group, wearing balaclavas and 
speaking the Corsican dialect, 
burst into the camp on Thurs- 
day afternoon and tied up the 
owner, M Jacques Rosselet, 
aged 66, his wife, and some 30 
tourists before planting the 
bombs and pres ping . 

M Rosselet and his wife 
freed themselves, and while 
Mme Rosselet went to fetch 
the police her husband began 
trying to defuse the bombs. 

But the attacks are usually 
aimed against property and 
are not normally designed to 

kill or maim. 

At the very moment that she 
returned with the police at 
around 8pm. however, one 
bomb exploded, killing M 
Rosselet and a policeman and 
injuring Mme Rosselet, anoth- 
er potkeman and two tourists. 

It is the first time in 
Corsican history that anyone 
has been killed by terrorists in 
a holiday centre. 

M Charles Pfcsqua, the 
Corsican-born Interior Minis- 
ter of France, announced yes- 
terday that the Government 
has derided to “react very 
vigorously against these 
practices”, and said that cer- 
tain measures had already 
been taken on the island. 

Witnesses said that the 
guerrillas claimed to be mem- 
bers of the National Corsican 
Liberation Front (FLNC), 
which has been carrying ont 
terrorist activities on the is- 

land for ten years in support of 

“For ns the situation is 
clear” be said. “We are not 
Healing with nationalists, bet 
with gangsters . . . 

“We live in a democratic 
country where nothing can 
justify violence. When a mi- 
nority tries to use force to 
impose its law, it is called a 
fascist minority.” 


M Robert Pandraad. Minis- 
ter for Security, who flew to 
the holiday camp in the early 

“Two new lives have been 
sacrificed because of the crimi- 
nal obstinacy of an imbecile 
fanaticism. Words fail me to 
describe the revolt and the 
indignation I felt on bearing 
the news,” be said. 

He pledged that the Govern- 
ment would act with renewed 
vigour to Tender the assassins 
incapable of doing further 

Replying, M Jean- Paul de 
Rocca Seira, President of the 
right-wing-controlled Assem- 
bly, said: “By your presence, 
the Government has shown its 
rapidity. We shall now wait for 
it to show its determination.” 

The new conservative Gov- 
ernment in Paris has made the 
fight against terrorism and 
crime one of its top priorities. 
M Pandraad recently spoke of 
its determination “to terrorize 
the terrorists”. 

Nearly 30 suspected Corsi- 
can separatists were arrested 
in serval towns on the island 
yesterday by police investigat- 
ing the attack. 

Most were released as soon 
as they had been able to 
establish alibis at the time of 
die attack. 

threat to 

From Harry Debelrus 

Iberia Airlines was ready to 
cancel about 125 flights today, 
including most of its interna- 
tional flights and the Madrid- 
Barcelona shuttle service, if 
pilots went ahead with a 24- 
hour strike. 

An 1 8-hour bargaining ses- 
sion ended without agreement 
on Thursday, with the Spanish 
Airline Pilots' Association and 
Iberia still at odds on how to 
apply a year-old court ruling 
which recognized the pilots' 
right to certain periods of rest 
between flights. 

The association said yester- 
day that it was willing to. go 
back to the negotiating table, 
but that Iberia would have to 
make the first move. The 24- 
hour walkout would be fol- 
lowed by farther stoppages 
until agreement was reached. 

To comply with the court 
decision in its strictest sense, 
Iberia would have to space out 
some flight schedules and to 
cancel some flights altogether, 
or hire extra pilots. 

A state-run company deeply 
in the red. it has offered to pay 

compensation in lieu of some 
rest periods. The pilots 

• BRUSSELS: Public ser- 
vices in Belgium ground to a 
hall for the second time in a 
month yesterday as workers 
went on strike against planned 
government austerity mea- 
sures (Richard Owen writes). 

The railways were hit by 
strikes on Wednesday and 
Thursday, and the protest 
spread to some private com- 
panies and other services. 

But support for the strike 
appears patchy, with some 
public services opting for a 
reduced service rather than 
closure. There were some mail 

Socialist unions sought to 
broaden the strike, but this 
was opposed by the powerfal 
Christian unions, which are 
more sympathetic to the 
Christian Democrat-Liberal 
coalition of Dr Wilfried 

The strikes on May 6 and 
again yesterday were intended 
to influence Cabinet budget 
deliberations, but their impact 
has been reduced by fear of 
unemployment and because 
many Belgians are taking ex- 
tensive time off this month. 


ry group. 

• One of the True 

Rath re- 
cruits was a deputy from the 
ruling party and Mr Ozal 
hinted at expelling him from 

True Path responded by 
saying that “the questioned 
legitimacy" of Parliament was- 
a thing of the past and that the 
party would concentrate on 
the future from now on. 

The Soda! Democratic Pop- 
ulist Party, with 84 seals in foe 
Parliament, opted to stay out 
of foe fray and said it would 
not buy from the “parliamen- 
tary bazaar”. 

. There now remain 31 inde- 
pendents who will be divided 
among the various right-wing 
parties within coming weeks. 
Eleven seats are vacant, and 
by-dections will be held “in 
good time”, says Mr Ozal. 


I Tracts ' 

New Yugoslav s 
leader vows to < 
fight inflation 9 

EEC forced to list trade war targets 

From Richard Owen, Brussels 
The EEC Commission yes- The new American quotas 

lerday said it would be obliged 
to respond to America's rais- 
ing of tariffs against wine and 
other selected European prod- 
ucts, but wanted to avoid a 
“pointless escalation” of the 
trade war. 

European products on the 
American tariff list, which 
comes into force on Monday, 
include white wine, pear and 
apple juice, beer,, chocolate 
and sweets. Unless there is 

have been set at between 20 
and 40 per cent higher than 
last year — a deliberate move 
by the' Reagan Administration 
to minimize their impact. 

EEC officials have nonethe- 
less expressed alarm at the 
impending American mea- 
sures. describing their disap- 
pointment that the und- 
erstanding reached with the 
US at the recent Tokyo sum- 
mit on the need for reforms in 

restriction on American 
and oil seed exports to Spain 

can grain 
to Spain 
and Portugal But a Commis- 
sion spokesman said that the 
arrangements for Spain and 
Portugal were normal transi- 
tional procedures. 

Negotiations to avoid an 
open dispute began in Geneva 
this month within the frame- 

work of Gatt (General Agree- 
ment on Tariffs ; 

agreement, a second US fist of agricultural trade had . not 
higher tariffs will come into prevented confrontation. 

force on July 2 against gin, 
whisky, cheese, vegetables, 
sausage and mineral water. 

. The EEC list of American 
products intended for retalia- 
tion includes soya cake, com 
gluten feed, fruit juice, beer, 
wine and bourbon. 

The first stage of American 
restrictions was to have taken 
effect at the beginning of this 
month; but it was deterred in 
order not to sour the atmo- 
sphere at Tokyo. 

Washington says that its 
action is in retaliation for foe 

; and Trade). 

Mr Willy de Clercq, foe 
EEC Commissioner for Exter- 
nal Relations, said foe Com- 
munity had not provoked the 
dispute, bin instead had tried 
to convince Washington that 
unilateral action would be 
harmful and contrary to Gatt. 

He said that the EEC had no 
option but to reply with equal 

Bnsmess News, page 21 

From Dessa Trevisan 

With retail prices already up i 
by more than 30 per cent in 
foe first quarter, Mr Branko : 
Mikulic, Yugoslavia's new 
Premier, has pinpointed re- 
ducing inflation among his 
Government's primary and 
most urgmt tasks. 

Addressing Parliament after 
presenting his new Govern- 
ment — in which the posts of j 
defence, foreign affairs and 
internal affairs were retained 
by ministers in foe previous 
government — be described 
inflation as a threat to foe 
Yugoslav regime as well as to 
national security. 

He left no doubt of his 
resolve to, restore order and 
discipline and to instil in the 
country foe realization that it 
cannot continue to five be- 
yond ils means. 

He said that he would insist 
on Government programmes 
being carried through and on 
laws being observed. 

But in short, the recent rise 
in salaries has pushed up 
consumption in all sectors, 
including public spending. 










Royal Man Services Jar] 

Brazil’s computer embargo angers US 

From a Correspondent 
Rio de Janeiro 

, Washington is studying a 
series of trade sanctions In 
retaliation for Brazos ngjdiy 
protected market in. micro 

President Reagan has in- 
structed his economic potay 
council to. draw up a of 
.measures by June 25 to n- 

— to 

could include tariffs or quotas 
on Biazifian shoes, aircraft 
and coffee. 

The announcements brings 
to a head adispate that has 
turned informatics, as the 
Brazilians call it, into the most 
difficult of afi poOcy issues 
between foe two nations. 

In 1984, the Brazilian Con- 
gress renewed a law that 

shields its fledgling computer 

■ , «• 

ttaUSjinrespons?* 0 

“unfair trade practices , the 
'White House spokesman, Mr 
Lany Speakes, announced 

This week. 

Mr Reagan has antil Sep- 

Tecommendations, which 

den untff at least 
Tbe.Iaw reserves the grow- 
mg market in personal and 
mM-corapaters for strictly na- 
tional computer companies. A 
US Government report says 
font these barriers have cost 
companies an 

estimated $1-5 billion (£980,- 
000) since 1980, . and that 
fosses could total S8J bfllioa 
h the next six years. 

Foreign companies such as 
IBM and Boroughs dominate 
the mannfactnre and sale of 
larger, mainframe computers, 
but drey are barred from the 
booming $25 billion market in 
personal computers. 

Foreigners argue that foe 
policy parishes multinationals 
and domestic businesses, who 
are foreced to bay copies, of 

foreign-made machines for two 

to force times foe price of foe 

The US Government, which 
has been increasingly vocal on 

foe issue, notes that Mr 
Reagan last year tinned down 
requests by American indus- 
trialists to restrict mports of I 
Brazilian shoes. 

tie Bova^edto w&i 



pleas 6 

Brazilians defend their poli- 
cy as a matter of national 

sovereignty, arguing that Am- 
erican barriers against Brazil- 
ian goods would only hart 
efforts to pay bade foe 
country's $193 billion foreign 
debt, much of which Is owed to 
American commercial banka. 




Td: Stuart Pretty, FREEPOST (no stamp required), Financial Mail Grasp, 
33 Grosvsnor Place, LONDON SW1X1EE 



Please send me facts about the Royal Mail 
Services For Business Economy. Including 
a free Business Economy Reckoner. 



Please arrange far my Postal Sales 
Representative to tell me more. 

The US Secretary of State, 
Mr George Shultz and foe 
Brazilian Foreign Minister, 
Senhor Abreu Sodre, have 
agreed to maintain “con- 
versations*’ os foe matter. 





Saving business money 



No.1 1978. 

: I 

No.1 1982. 

* ' . , 
Irfa . i: 


. ■ JCJT' V -55 -:.v. . : 

■ ’ • •' ‘ j_* 

1 .. r " 

just as fickle when it comes to 

Above are five acts -* -• 4 

that made a number one L4.X 11L l 

record In fact that’s all 
they ever made: one chart record 

One-hit-wonders, however, are not just 
confined to the music charts. They exist too 
in the investment charts. 

In each of the five years since 1980 the 
unit trust that has topped the league table 
has failed to reach even the top 200 in its 
following year. 

Yet some companies try to capitalise on 
the success of an individual fund as if to 
demonstrate their investment acumen. 

A strategy that can only mislead the 
potential investor, we feel 

At Allied Dunbar, in terms of perform- 
ance, we see ourselves more as theElton- 
John of the investment world ^ 

(For statisticians, it’s interesting - m — T ^ 
to note that although he’s had 37 All 

1 cf’C top hits in the last fifteen 

iu Lu« years, he’s never had a 

solo number one single) 
The fact is, real investment growth can 

good results, year after year after year. 

That demands : genuine skill and experi- 
ence As one of the founding companies in 
unit trusts and one of the three biggest. 
Allied Dunbar has both. 

kept over 70%* of our unit trusts and asset- 
backed life funds in the top haft of their invest- 
ment leagues, and given our managed fund 
pension planholders a net return of 20.8% p a! 

For the record the five acts illustrated 
were Brian and Michael the Overlanders 


as wmcnumt trust topped the charts 

in, say, 1982. 

" ; — - 'Source Money Managcffte nt. 

► of unltttM go ^wnatwadlflsTjp and grow ata taster or slower 

Allied Dunbar Unit Trusts pic Allied Dunbar Assurance pic Allied Dunbar Centre. Swindon SNl 1EL. Telephone: 0793 2829L ■ 



<*' adopted elsewhere fa Ihe- 

22 ' 2 50 aa ps of^fore^-; country,; lie said. 
®^»-fflowbd^ - faaod'OB ' ■ Mr Array® also said that 
*3? central Pnuip^M'idand-; Mrs. Aqton® is studymgfee 
ot Negros to beKsoEd- to 1 cases of about SOO comnKm 
impoverished worker* oft fee 'law- criminals rjatied. by ! fee 
plantations. . ’ - ■ gtmnuheht of -former Presx-- 

Tbe pilot projm -'ln fee: ■ detrt : . Macros. HiumuLiigte 
Aquino Govematerti% riand lawyers claim ihatfeey'were 
reronn programme could per- 'cdnvitted . for their political 
soade _ destitutes' Workers '-"bffiHffxr - ! '■ 

communist ?\ ;AHegedBy cfeaigpd’and coife N&- victed on trumped-upcharges, 

these prisoners ..were not 
among the 500 political de- 
tainees ordered released by 
Mrs Aquino soonafter taking 
office, , according to Task 
Force Detainees, 1 a Catholic 

^. '^^rtraenfeership has 
.. Wp faster : Ujbb' anywhere 

Joker Ar- 

Pfyyny 10 dlHIMiate .w.w. MUUWR| •» vauium 

f fo\$ufonate fee " Church-backed rights group. . 

e’v ’ -Titov conflict- — • Trial- and criminal- records 

Nfrs Aqiiinoiold.fee of these prisoners are misang 
■ of Jfi*res,Tpociden- and may have been destroyed 
““Vancf fee * 'or concealed byoffidabdihe 
Marcos government to vdk 
date' its daim that it -held ho 
political', prisoners, accor di ng 
to the. Justice Minister, Mr 
Neptali Gonzales. 

r^bductioir -hhd^ de- 
,T y international ' prides 
eferpam fee people efffoe 
^gfeerrip island into pover- 
ty, wife more than 200.000 
unemployed, half the sugar 
mills Idle and plantations — ...r, 
foreclosed and abandoned. iAUC^ANIk Sr Thomas 
Mis Aquino said that fee Wi“ ster 

government-acquired land - 9*° k a 
will be sold to fee workers ^ iat a Swiss banker had told 

He said feat his Ministry 
was reviewing; the cases' to see 
if the detainees , could t* 
recommended for presidential 

mountain rescue 

By. Oar Foreign Staff 

Doctors hold little 
fee . survival of ok 

teeugos rtscMtl dramatical- 
ly. from the 11,235ft Momt 
Hood, m Oregon after having 
spent three days {saddled fn a 

The two were among a party 
of 13, mainly teenage stodents 
from a private church school, 
who were aught in a sodden 
snowstorm near fee peak on 
Monda^ daring an expedition 
in iraieft nine oi their compan- 
ions died. 

Late on Ttesday, search- 
ers probing the snow wife 
alonrinfom poles discovered 
fee care m fee snow at 8,400ft. 
-Inside they fnmd eight people 
wrapped in blankets. The six 
stodents and two adolt leaders 
were taken by helicopter to 
hospitais. birt within horns all 
bat two had died. 

One survivor, Giles Tbomp- 
o, aged 15, is Hsted as 
“critical” hot is given an 80 
cent chance of recovery, 
tors were less ifrtimjstic 
yesterday about fee chances of 
the other sarrivor, a 15-year- 
ofdjprL. . ■ . 

Mr Ralph Summers, aged 
34, fee mouataia guide who 
led the rfimhing party in the 
peak on Monday and returned . 
fee following day wife 17- 
year-oUMoUyS<feala to sum- 
mon help, led fee searchers 
back to the vidhrity of the cave. 

They braved icy, steep ter- 
rain to search for the climbers 
whose families were holding a 
mountaintop vjgQ, dinging to 
hopes for their survival. 

Helpers hurrying to hospital with Giles Thompson, who is expected to recover after being rescued from Mt Hood, Oregon. 

The nearly frozen bodies of 
two girls and a boy were found 
on Wednesday, and frantic 
efforts foiled to revive them. 

Three helicopters and abend 
30 rescuers, wife dogs, metal 
detectors and snow probes 
scoured fee mountain for the 
eight hikers. 

About 100 people took part 

in fee search on Wednesday 
after fee weather cleared. Bat 
on Thmsday, fee search party 
was red need to 30 became of 
the treacherous (main at fee 
10,000ft level. 

Meanwhile, a nine-member 
expedition consisting mainly 
of American climbers gave op 
then- attempt to scale the 

26.040ft Annapurna II in Hi- 
malayan Nepal becaose of 
fierce winds, deep snow and a 
shortage of supplies. 

Some members of fee expe- 
dition made it to 22300ft on 
the west ridge of fee peak on 
May 5, but had to return to 
their fourth camp at 19,900ft 
because high winds and ice 

made it impossible to secure 
etching ln«<- 

Tbe expedition of five men 
and fonr women, most of them 
from Colorado and Wyoming, 
bad fought through waist-deep 
snow, hit repeatedly by storms 
during its 45-day attempt on 
the west Nepal peak. 

shaken by 

From Stephen Taylor 

Australia's image as “the 
lucky country” has been shak- 
en by a stern warning from the 
Government that h is living 
beyond its means and that it 
faces- a future as a banana 
republic unless spending is 

This dire prediction has 
come from Mr Paul Keating, 
the' Federal Treasurer, after 
the la lest trade statistics show- 
ing a current account deficit of 
$A1.5biIIion(£705 million) in 
April. The deficit has topped 
SA60Q million a month for 
more than a year. 

Mr Keating stunned the 
country by saying that “we 
must let Australians know 
iruift&lly and earnestly just 
what sort of an international 
hole Australia is in”. If the 
deficit was not dealt with, he 
said, “we are done for. We will 
end up being a third-rate 

Prophecies of doom are a 
novel experience in this re- 
source-blessed land and Mr 
Keating's warning caused the 
dollar to tumble in value and 
sent share prices plunging. 

Yesterday he announced 
that the Government would 
hold a summit meeting on the 
-economy with trade union 
and business leaders. 

through easy “soft loans”: ,■ * 
Redistribution of the : 
land is “the __ 
for the cause of 
reform,” a 
Ministry of Agrarian Reform 
said. If successful ]! couWbe 

lowed understand- 
ing fin* the decisitM' to exclude 
New Zealand, but said that 
Canberra would maintain its 
military' links (Reuter 

Law Report May 17 1986 


discharge defendant 

Regina v Horsrfeny Road 
Metropolitan Stipendiary 
Magistrate, Ex parte ORegam 
Before Lord Justice Watkins 
and Mr Justice Mann 
{Judgment given May 12 J 

Where the prosecution de- 
clined to tender evidence at 
committal proceedings, justices 
were required by section 6(1) of 
the Magistrates* Courts Act 
1980 to discharge the defendant, 
although fee defendant had 
served on fee coon admissions 
under section 10 of the Criminal 
Justice Act 1967. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held when 
refusing an application by fee 
applicant, Eugene Thomas 
O’Regan, forjudiciaj review ofa 
decision of a metropolitan 
stipendiary magistrate to dis- 
charge the applicant on a charge 
under section 47 of fee Offences 
against the Person Act 1861. 

Mr N. T. Leviseur fir the 
applicant; Miss Elizabeth 
Gumbel for fee prosecutor. 

that the applicant attended, a 
football match at winch there 
were incidents .which led to his 
being charged with assault 
occasioning actual bodily harm, 
contrary to. section 47. 

The offence against section 47 
was triable either summarily or 

islrate. ft had come back for 
committal proceedings. Section 
6 of fee 1980 Act dealt wife 
discharge or committal for trial. 

At that hearing, fee prosecu- 
tion offered no evidence. The 
applicant sought to get fee 
magistrate . to look at fee ad- 
missions of May 30. 

The magistrate declined to do 
so. ft was said that her refusal 
was wrong, that if she had done 
so, she would or might have 
concluded feat there was suf- 
ficient evidence to commit the 
applicant for trial by jury for the 
section 47 offence. 

The position in regard to 
committal proceedings where 
the prosecution decided to offer ] 
no evidence was considered by] 
the Divisional Court in R "v 

by jury at fee election of fee 
defendant. The applicant 
elected trial by jury. 

On April 24,* 1985 fee 
prosecution solicitor decided 
that the section 47 charge should 
not be further proceeded wife 
but that the applicant should be 
charged under section 51(1) of 
fee Police Act 1 964. 

That offence was not triable 
either way bat triable only 
summarily. ... 

On May 30, the applicants 
solicitor sent to the magistrates' 
court three admissions under- 
section 10 of the Criminal 
Justice Act 1967. . 

On June 12, fee matter came 
before the stipendiary mag- 

would be-in 

point but lbr fee circumstances 
of the admissions sent to the 
court It was submitted feat the 
admissions were. ' evidence 
which fee magistrate should 
have taken into account in the 
discharge of her functions under 
section 6. 

The magistrate sat as a court 
of committal. The prosecution 
tendered no evidence a gainst 
the applicant At that stage, the 
magistrate had no option under 
the language of the section but 
to discharge. That was what 

. That fee defendant bad made j 
admissions seemed to his Loire- ! 
ship to be neither here nor there. 
Had evidence been tendered, 
the matter would have pro- 

Once the prosecution de- 
clined to tender evidence, the 
magistrate, in pursuance of fee' 
mandatory terms of fee section, 
had to discharge. Accordingly 
fee magistrate's decision was 
entirely correct. 

Lond Justice .Watkins deliv- 
ered a concurring judgment. 

Solicitors: Friedman Fred- 
man & Co; Solicitor, Metropoli- 
tan Police. 

Operator fallible bat 
machine reliable 

s of breath and 
a printout pro- 
Lion intoximeter 
ntained two speli- 
amety fee word 
d as “Saturn” and 
S name primedas 
-te evidence since 
* which were the 

- of any mal- 

liability - -- 
mly went tofoc 
fee human op- 

i*s Bench Di- 
*! (Lord Justice 
ir Justice Mann) 
13 when 

I»'c 91V 

peal by -way of case stated from 
his conviction under section 
6UXa) of the Road Traffic Act 

that it was submitted that there 
was evidence that the 
Intoximeter was not in order. 
The justices- found that the 
constable’s evidence as to self - 1 
calibration and analysis on fee 
digital display panel .were ev- 
idence of analysis and reliabil- 

The only evidence of mal- 
funclion was misspelling and 
feat the justices said, was 
produced as a result of human 
input- Those findings made it 
impossible ’ to - say that * the 
printout was Inadmissible. 

■ bun that former Presidents 
.Marcos of the Philippines and 
Jean-Gaude Du valier oFHaiti 
might be interested in sanctu- 
ary there. Rut they would not 
be welcomc (Reuter reports). | 

US finger rathe pie, page $ 

NZ left out of exercise 

Washington (Reuter)— The “R1MPAC 86” near Hawaii ] 
US has excluded NewZealamf amdSan Dkgo. 
from an important /Pacific Becaaseonbebitterdispute 
military exercise^ . beginning between Washing ton and 
tomorrow and invctivmg'tfae: ’ Wellington over New Zea- | 
forces of five nations. ; r iaikf s refusal to allow visits by 

The Defence Department ' nuclear-armed US ships, ihe 1 
said yesterday that, “In accor- US has cut virtually alLmili- 
dance with current US policy tary ties with WeDingjon. 
regarding New Zealand, they • TGKYCh Mr Bob Hawke, 
were not invited to take part in' tire visiting Australia- Prime 
the exercise.” 

Mare than 50 ships and 
50,000 military prasonnd 
from the US, Australia, Brit- 
ain, Canada and Japan win 
take part in exercise 

On January 31st we received a 
chilling message 
from outer space. 

Blizzards were about to hit the 
North The Meteorological Officer 
weather satellite had spotted a 
cold front moving in. 

At British Gas we prepared to cope 
with a massive demand for gas. 

From the four daily forecasts we 
pinpoint which regions are likely to be hardest hit Then, to 
provide extra supplies to meet local demands, we use 
specially converted jet engines to help boost the flow of 

gas through the national 

With planning, and the skills 
of our engineers, we can deal 
with the violent fluctuations 
in our weather. So even though parts of Derbyshire were 
cut off from the rest of the country by snow, their gas 
wasnt Which is warming news. I n ... . « i 

British Gas 


In cold weather jet-powered compressors boost gas flows 
to meet die extra demand. 




Simon Barnes 

Norsk by 

A yacht completed the Whitbread 
round-the-world race this week 
despite its crew's ignorance of the 
most elementary sailing tech- 
nique, gybing. The crew of Norsk 
Data GB (the renamed boat in 
which Chav Blyth and Rob James 
each did a circumnavigation) were 
hot selected for their knowledge of 
Sailing, but for their ability to pay 
£2.000 for any of the four legs on 
which they sailed. 

; As any yellow-wellied enthu- 
siast will tell you. boats go faster 
sailing at an angle to the wind 
rather than with the wind directly 
behind; exploiting this factor in- 
volves a zigzag course. Bob 
Salmon, the skipper and owner, 
soon found himself involved in 
furious arguments with one of the 
few crewmen who knew much 
about boats, who kept telling him 
fo start gybing, while Salmon kept 
saying; he wasn't bothering with 
that zigzag nonsense. Meanwhile, 
the boat fell farther and farther 
behind the leaders, losing about a 
week per leg. Eventually, someone 
on board found a book called 
Ocean Sailing in which Rob 
James not only stresses the im- 
portance of gybing, but illustrates 
the technique with pictures of the 
very boat in which they were 
Sailing. Salmon thought, in the 
hghi of this rather convincing 
evidence, that perhaps gybing was 
worth a try. But by this time they 
were near Cape Horn, on the third 
(eg. and from then on faced 
headwinds all the way, so had no 
Chance to try it They finished 21 
days behind the winners. 

Match play 

The Test and County Cricket 
Board has been jumping up and 
down at Phil Edmonds, who is 
uisisting on telling the truth about 
that disastrous tour of the West 
Indies. In the meantime his wife, 
Frances, is having her own forth- 
coming book checked for libel - a 
sensible precaution, I would think. 
In fact, the most likely litigant is 
her husband. In one chapter she 
Complains vigorously about his 
habit of using her expensive 
Shampoo. “Poor darling," she 
writes, "all he really needs is a 
duster and a can of Pledge." 

Forever Eve 

JVhen Spanish athlete Maria-Jose 
Martinez-Patino failed a sex test at 
the World Student Games in 
Japan, and then failed another 
back home, the Spanish athletics 
authorities agreed to hush it up to 
save her embarrassment. She was 
to fake an injury and retire. 
Instead of this, she took pan in an 
indoor meeting earlier this year 
and won the 60 metres hurdles. 
She has a femininity certificate 
from the International Amateur 
Athletics Federation and that, says 
the federation, guarantees fem- 
ininity in perpetuity. Certainly 
Miss Martinez-Patino is prepared 
fo brazen it out on that basis. 

• Quote of the week, from David 
power "I think I'm meant to wear 
a T-shirt which says ‘I'm in 
Charge* on ft." 

Box wallah 

There are 76 seats in the royal box 
at Wimbledon, but you don't have 
to be royal to sit in them. Buzzer 
Hadingham. the Wimbledon 
chairman, likes to invite all kinds, 
he reveals in next month's 
Harpers and Queen. When Sir 
Robin Day was invited last year, 
his response was: “Haven't you 
got someone more important to 
ask?" “Yes." said Hadingham. 
?but I am asking you." 

Any lengths 

Now it can be told. Many of us 
jiavc puzzled far into the night as 
to how synchronized swimming 
became an Olympic sport. The 
answer lies in the formidable 
personality of Monique Berlioux. 
one-time director of the Inter- 
national Olympic Commitiec. 
The IOC had just accepted mod- 
em rhythmic gymnastics (a sort of 
synchronized swim on dry land) as 
an Olympic sport, and was prepar- 
ing to vote on synchro. Berlioux. a 
former Olympic swimmer and a 
great fan of synchro, knew the 
voting would be close. The hands 
of all those in favour were raised. 
Counting on a show of hands at a 
large meeting is a notoriously 
tricky business, but Berhouz. after 
a rapid assessment, turned to the 
then president. Lord Killanin. and 
confidently announced a majority. 
Lord KJilanin turned to her and 
asked: “Are you sure." “Def- 
initely!" said Berlioux with an air 
of massive certainty. “And to this 
day." she told me last week. “1 am 
still not sure ..." 

Frank Johnson joins Marx in a night at the opera— Karl, that is, not Groucho 

From Bayreuth to Beirut and back 


According to Wagner, Act Two of 
his Flying Dutchman takes place 
in the 18th century in the big room 
of a Norwegian sea captain's 
house, and opens with a chorus of 
women working at thejr spindles. 

According to the recent new 
production at Covent Garden. Act 
Two takes place at some unclear 
period in the Norwegian sea 
captain's factory or sweatshop, 
and opens with a chorus of women 
working on an assembly line 
under strip lighting. On reading 
that the British critics and audi- 
ence were outraged about it, we in 
West Germany thought to our- 
selves: if that Covent Garden 
audience lived where we lived, 
they would be lucky if the entire 
opera had not taken place on an 
assembly line under strip lighting. 

That, it might be objected, 
would have been a trifle too far- 
fetched. The second of the three 
acts can just about be made to take 
place in a factory, since if is 
supposed to be somewhere in- 
doors where women are working. 
Bui the first act takes place in a 
rocky cove. And the third is in a 
Norwegian harbour. 

But West Germany opera direc- 
tors do not recognize such geo- 
graphical restraints, la the 
Munich Opera's feminist Dutch- 
man. which dates from 1981, the 
entire opera takes place in that big 
room of the Norwegian sea 
captain's house. Moreover, these 
are not the rude surroundings of 
simple, 18th century Scandina- 
vian fisherfolk. It is a well- 
upholstered. draped and curtained 
mid- 1 9th century drawing room, 
with upright piano and brass table 

The opera, it may be remem- 
bered. is about a Dutch sea captain 
doomed to wander the seas for 
eternity unless he can find a 
woman faithful to him unto death. 

Every seven years, he is allowed to 
come on land to look for her. 
Berthing for one such shore leave, 
he meets the Norwegian captain's 
ship sheltering from a storm. 
Hearing that the Norwegian has a 
daughter, he gets himself invited 

The girl. Senta, by useful co- 
incidence, has long been obsessed 
with the legend of the Flying 
Dutchman. She soon abandons 
her dull betrothed, the huntsman 
Erik, and promises eternal fidelity 
to the Dutchman. But seeing her 
and the pleading Erik together, the 
Dutchman mistakenly thinks she 
has been unfaithful already. He 
returns to his ship. But she proves 
her devotion, and so redeems him 
from his wanderings on the seas, 
by drowning herself. 

"The room of the total plot: an 
archetypical living room, at first 
irritating, undefined, then partly 
recognized by the forcefully-enter- 
ing (hineindrOngenden) Dutch- 
man as a wish-room,” explains the 
Munich production's director, 
Herr Herbert Wernicke, in a 
helpful programme note. "The 
Dutchman is driven by this one 
wish, to be able to go back to the 
society that he has left behind. 
Firmly integrated into this struc- 
ture are Senta's father and his 
sailors, who represent the world of 
men . . . She wants to flee these 
bourgeois constraints. She longs 
for a person who does not regi- 
ment her, who is not stupid, 
someone who does not want to 
bind her in egotistical love, like 
Erik does. 

"Her freedom-dream is sacrific- 
ing herself for a man she will love 
unto death. The Senta-figure is a 
typical example of a woman who 
before the mid-19th century car- 
ried within herself the growing 
emancipation process. But this 
emancipation could not take place 
because only the principles of the 

world of men were accepted as the 
standard ..." 

Herr Wernicke does not explain 
how the "Senta-figure” could 
much help the growing emancipa- 
tion process from the principles of 
the world of men by promising to 
be faithful to one unto death and, 
on being accused on slender 
evidence of infidelity, drowning 
herself on a man's behalf Mrs 
Pankhurst's advice to her would 
have been that, if she wanted to 
aid the growing emancipation 
process, she should do something 
constructive such as chaining 
herself to the Norwegian par- 
liament's railings. Miss Greer’s 
advice would have been that, 
while she saw nothing wrong in 
principle with making off with one 
of them for a night or two, 
experience suggested that Dutch 
seamen never stayed mysterious 
for long, and that Senta would be 
wise to ditch him before she ended 
up serving him his lunch in their 
retirement windmilL 

It might seem that, for the 
Munich director, an even bigger 
problem than making the Dutch- 
man be about feminism is how to 
get at least one sailing ship into a 
mid-!9th century drawing room. 
Not at all. The ropes, and gang- 
planks arrive through the double 
doors, closely followed by a 
boisterous crew. It is surprising 
that more damage is not done to 
the furniture. 

Senta's father wears a fur- 
collared overcoat and top hat and 
smokes a cigar, even when he is 
supposed to be captaining his ship. 
But, then, in this production, he 
does represent capitalism. During 
Senta's wild ballad about the 
Dutchman legend, one of the 
spuming ladies thoughtfully hands 
round coffee on a tray. 

This land of thing is associated 
by British opera goers with East 
German directors or "Marxist 

opera" because, when such 
productions were first put on by 
British companies a few years ago. 
the directors did seem to come 
from East Germany. The moment 
from which many of us date the 
genre was when the curtain rose 
on a production by Harry Kupfer 
in the late 1970s — I think of a 
work by Richard Strauss- to 
reveal a set dominated by a huge 
phallus, occasioning, from one 
male in the stalls to his gentleman 
friend, the loud whisper: “Anyone 
we know, duckie?” 

So one's first visit to an opera in 
East Germany itself was preceded 
by some excitement. Amazingly, 
the curtain of Beethoven's Fidelio 
at Leipzig rose to reveal that the 
work bad been set in an 18th, or 
early 19th, century Spanish 
prison. It was amazing because 
that was where Beethoven set it. 
Nowadays, it is reasonable to 
expect it to be set in Auschwitz or, 
to show that we are all prisoners of 
consumerism. Marks and Spencer. 

Performances of other works in 
East German opera 
houses confirmed this swing to the 
right. Then came the realization: 
Stalin, the father of the country, 
was a conservative on arts policy. 
Opera in the infant East German- 
state was inspired by "socialist 
realism" whose most famous 
exponent was the late Walter 
Fdsen stein at the East Berlin 
Komiscfae Oper. In practice, 
socialist realism was not much 
different from capitalist realism. 
The basic idea was that such 
things as Norwegian coves and 
harbours were to look it. This did 
not rule out phalluses, but theft- 
deployment would be dictated by 
considerations of scale: 

True, the East German directors 
who departed from these prin- 
ciples were Felsenstein's young 
followers. Where, then, did they 
get their ideas? There were non- 

reaiist opera productions in Wei- 
mar Germany, notably at the great 
Kroll Oper in Berlin. From what it 
is possible to read about them, 
none seems to have resembled the 
present Munich Dutchman. The 
East German and'East German- 
inspired directors, whom Britain, 
and West Germany have come to 
know so well, would doubtless 
depict themselves as heirs of the 
Weimar avant garde. But really 
they have picked up their nicks 
from the late-1 960s western spo- 
ken theatre, with its weakness for 
any old progress vism. And 
progressivism is only tolerated up 
to a point in East Germany. 

Meanwhile, in die West, the 
cause flourishes. In Frankfurt. 
Aida, which Verdi set in andent 
Egypt, opens in a present-day 
museum of ancient Egypt- The 
tenor hero, whom Verdi thought 
was an Egyptian general, is the 
museum administrator. He first 
appears, working late and seated 
at his desk, trying to get through 
the eternal paper work that is the 
destiny of all who must lead an 
arts bureaucracy. The high priest. 
Ram phis, is a sort of Lord 
Goodman figure, perhaps from 
the Arts CoondL 

Elsewhere, iris now hard to find 
a Salome that is not set in West 
Beirut or does not contain Yassir 
Arafat- Carmen tends to be a 
Sandinista girl-soldier', Lohengrin 
an astronaut In the new Fidelio at 
Kiel, the villain, Pizzaro. wears 
evening dress, but so do the 
soldiers under his command. That 
means they represent a decadent 
social order. In progressive opera 
production, evening dress always 
means decadence. 

Over in the East, much of this 
has been abandoned, possibly 
because audiences might get the 
wrong idea about which kind of 
system was being unflatteringiy 

Mark Malloch Brown, active in Cory Aquino’s ultimately successful campaign for the Philippine 
presidency, charts the vacillations in Washington policy before h came down firmly on her side 

Long march to ditching Marcos 

I oil reaiiy wain n putivu 

Mother docs live near the Ml' 

Ferdinand Marcos had underesti- 
mated Cory Aquino. So had the 
Americans, who simply did not 
understand her. A reluctant poli- 
tician, she was driven by a 
conservative Catholic nationalism 
that did not fii-easily into any of 
the categories of modem state- 
craft Her diffident manner in 
public — appropriate for a woman 
candidate in the Philippines - 
was lost on foreign observers who 
seemed to think that women 
leaders should be tough and 
uncompromising. The US ambas- 
sador,. .Stephen Bosworth, went 
through the motions of keeping in 
touch, but he, like the rest of 
official Manila and Washington, 
had assumed that Marcos would 
remain in power. 

Marcos had, in effect, trapped 
Washington into appearing to 
endorse a snap election, and the 
US administration was forced to 
redefine its position. Originally it 
wanted Marcos out; the State 
Department now hoped for noth- 
ing more than that Aquino would 
succeed in putting up a respectable 
performance. Despite her in- 
experience she might gain 30 per 
cent of the vote and so damage 
Marcos's reputation and hasten 
the final end. 

There were, therefore, two 
objectives: first, that Marcos 
should not miss tbe message of the 
election — he must introduce re- 
forms — and that the election 
should not be such a farce that 
Marcos's standing at home and 
abroad would be worse than ever. 

At this point Cory Aquino 
herself did not view American 
interest as useful. She was still 
smarting from the early press 
coverage depicting her as the well 
meaning widow with a mission 
who had fallen among political 
wolves. Some on her campaign 
staff argued that Washington was 
a vital second front: that it was no 
good getting a majority vote if the 
Americans so doubted her com- 
petence that they would not lean 
on Marcos to concede. But. like 
Marcos, she thought that the US 
would respond only to over- 
whelming popular pressure. 

The huge crowds which Aquino 
attracted to her rallies put Wash- 
ington on the defensive. Its con- 
cern was not that she might win — 
that seemed implausible — but 
that her sudden show of strength 
would frighten Marcos into bla- 
tant cheating. It was this fear that 
led to one of the most important 
questions of the election: should 
there be American observers? 
When the issue had been first 
raised, by Marcos among others, it 
had seemed an easy way to 
whitewash the elections: inter- 
national observers have refined 
the habit of looking the other way 
whenever electoral fraud is being 

The Aquino forces, for different 
reasons, were also anxious to have 
observers. The nation was prepar- 
ing for an act of collective courage: 
\oiing out a dictator. Even a 
handful of outsiders could be a 
crucial boost to morale. So under 
pressure from both sides - while 
each said publicly that observers 
would be interfering in the 
nation's sovereign affairs — the 
US sent two i earns, one represent- 
ing Reagan, the other the Repub- 
lican and Democratic parties. In 
so doing, it was sucked deeper into 
the election than it ever intended. 

With television crews and ob- 
server teams throughout the coun- 
try. Marcos still resorted to 
conspicuous and massive fraud. 
There are several reasons for this: 
the panic he felt over the law surge 
in support for Aquino; the 
possibility that he was simply 
losing his touch and. perhaps most 

interesting, the stroke suffered by 
his campaign chief in the middle- 
class business area of Manila, 
which had the biggest concentra- 
tion of observers and television 
cameras. . In his absence, pro- 
Marcos thugs ran amok to the 
gratification of the TV crews. 

On election night computer 
projections gave Aquino 36 per 
cent of the votes, and her support- 
ers announced that she had won 
and that Marcos should concede. 
It was not the 70 per cent they 
thought she would have achieved 
had there been no fraud, but it was 
still a win. At midnight the 
American television network CBS 
told her it was about to announce 
an Aquino victory with 54 percent 
based on its own projections from 
poll returns. The mood was 

At 3 a.m. Marcos's deputy 
information minister summoned 
journalists to a press conference at 
which he furiously condemned 
this premature claim. Aquino 
soon discovered that her an- 
nouncement had only delayed a 
wrap-up of the electoral fraud: it 
did not prevent it An official 
announcement that Marcos had 
won was made eight days later. 
CBS never announced its exit 

Nevertheless, il was interesting 
to witness the influence of the 
American media coverage on the 
events that day. At first, many of 
the observers remained cautious 
about condemning the fraud they 
had seen. But when they leamt 
how ihe election was being repre- 
sented in ihe US they were soon 
falling over one another in their 
condemnation. The White House 
was forced to distance itself from 
Marcos, but having seen little 
value in the State Department 
campaign against Marcos, it was 
distinctly uninformed. A few days 
after the election, with the result 
still unannounced. Reagan made 
one of bis biggest blunders, saying 
there appeared to have been fraud 
on both sides. His claim flew in 
the face of what the whole nation 
"had seen on television. 

The State Department re- 
sponded by saying that Reagan 
had "misspoken", but Us own 
contribution was little better. 
George Shultz, the Secretary of 
Stale, persuaded Reagan to send 
Philip Habib, the former Lebanon 
troubleshooter, as his special en- 
voy to Manila, initially to give 
Reagan a little time to recover his 
step after his gaffe. Officially il was 
billed as a fact-finding mission but 
it drove the stake into any 

lingering Reagan support for Mar- 
cos in two ways. 

First, it enraged Senator Rich- 
ard Lugar, the chairman of tbe 
Senate Foreign Relations Com- 
mittee and Bead of the observer 
team. Reagan had spoken from 
the hip in his comments on the 
election before Lugar had had a 
chance to brief him. Now, finding 
that Reagan was in effect seeking a 
second opinion, be became more 
stridently outspoken than ever 
about the fraud and the need for 
the US to condemn the election. 

Second, it enraged Cory Aq- 
uino. At a televized press con- 
ference she demanded to know 
why the so-called friends of 
democracy were deserting her. 
Stand tall for freedom, she con- 
cluded. The housewife-widow was 
in top forri): she had deliberately 
borrowed Reagan's rhetoric to pul 
him on the run. 

Things deteriorated even fur- 
ther. What is not generally known 
is that Habib had a second set of 
instructions in his pocket, propos- 
ing that Aquino should concede. 
Meanwhile, the full extent of the 
fraud had emerged: it was not in 

Marcos reluctant 
to kill old friends; 
Reagan holding back 
from responsibility 
for ousting an ally 

the decuon day thuggery but in 
the under-registration of voters in 
the Aquino areas and, as Ihe vote 
count indicated more and more 
support for her, an attempt, to 
manipulate the computer. In the 
most telling scene. 30 frightened 
computer operators walked out 
and gave a midnight press con- 
ference before a church altar. 

It was in this context that Habib 
was to meet Aquino and try to 
persuade her that she should 
accept the role of loyal opposition 
and hang on until the next 
election. The Aquino people felt 
they had put their lives on the line 
by taking on Marcos: he was not 
the sort of opponent who would 
give them a second chance. 

The suggestion of this idea was 
considered a much greater be- 
trayal than Reagan's gaffe. Aquino 
made it clear that if Habib tried to 
raise the proposal she would 
refuse to speak to him. Wisely, 
Habib contented himself with 
polite fact-finding, which was 
quickly overtaken by events. 

Aquino announced that she 
would start a mass campaign of 
peaceful protest and a boycott of 
goods and services produced by 
Marcos and his cronies' compa- 
nies. To many it seemed an anti- 
climax. but she knew that it was a 
test: if those round Marcos saw the 
extent of her determination, the 
facade of loyalty would crack. 

It did ■ sooner than expected: 
within hours of Habib’s leaving 
the country, the defence minister, 

4 uan Ponce Enrile, and the army's 
cling chief of staff, Fidel Ramos, 
barricaded themselves . into two 
military camps, Crarae and 

It is this period, from the 
afternoon of Saturday February 22 
to the following Tuesday evening, 
when Marcos left the Malacanang 
Palace in a US Air Force heli- 
copter. that speculation about US 
involvement is at its most persis- 
tent and its most dangerous. There 
are two commonplace assump- 
tions: first, that before leaving, 
Habib told Enrile and Ramos to 
defect: second, that the CIA was 
behind an alleged plot to assas- 
sinate Marcos. Neither assump- 
tion has any basis in fact 
The CIA, uncharacteristically, 
seems to have stayed out of the 
Philippine crisis because Bill 
Casey, its head, disapproved, of 
any campaign against Marcos and 
feared that any active involve- 
ment would soon become public 
knowledge and backfire. It is 
equally unlikely that Habib was 
involved. The impetus for the 
defection of Enrile and Ramos did 
not come from Washington; il 
came from the Reform the Armed 
Forces Movement, organized by 
the younger colonels in January of 
last year as a pressure group to re- 
organize tiie military (Enrile was 
the movement's clandestine pa- 

The young colonels in the 
Reform Movement had already 
expressed their restlessness. It was 
they who had helped to get .the 
computer operators into sanc- 
tuary. On the evening of Friday 
February 21, the Reform Move- 
ment contacted one of Cory 
Aquino's closest aides: it had 
planned a military junta and its 
members wanted Aquino to join 
it The information was not passed 
to Aquino at the time because her 
party workers were confident that 
she warned no part in a coup or 
junta — it was she who had the 
public mandate. 

Again, Aquino was compelling 
others to react to her remarkable 
resolve. The younger officers. 

seeing that she was going to see the 
crisis through to the end, were 
forced into a final showdown and 
committed themselves to a plan to 
assassinate Marcos that weekend. 
But they were caught When 
Marcos produced two suspects 
later that night on television it was 
widely assumed that it was a put- 
up job. Itwasnot 

Throughout the younger offi- 
cers seemed to have kept Enrile 
and Ramos only minimally in- 
formed of their intentions. Once 
their plan was exposed.everything 
moved -with extraordinary speed. 
Etmle . was . drinking coffee with 
friends, a Saturday routine, when 
he was alerted by 'a number of 
younger officers that Marcos was 
about fo arrest him and' other 
officers. It was then that he and 
Ramos barricaded themselves in. 

Soon after, Enrile telephoned a 
Filipino friend in New York to say 
goodbye: he assumed that he 
would be killed. Throughout Sat- 
urday, knowing bow persuasive 
Marcos could be. Enrile avoided 
speaking to him.They were finally 
in touch on Sunday, when Marcos 
proposed that the Philippines 
could be governed by a junta run 
by Enrile. But by Sunday morning 
the momentum was with the 

On the Saturday night, Aquino's 
brother, fearing that Marcos 
would liquidate all members of 
the opposition, took Cory into 
hiding in a convent in Cfcbu, The 
Americans were starting to panic, 
and offered sanctuary in their 
bases and ships to various 
protagonists, including Aquino, 
over the weekend. The offer, 
typically, was not even consid- 
ered. At some point in the 
weekend the US ambassador 
warned Marcos, on Reagan's or- 
ders, not to bomb the camps, 
which were by then surrounded by 
nuns, civilians and American 
television cameras. But what 
saved Enrile and Ramos at the 
beginning, the moment when they 
were indeed vulnerable,- was not 
the Americans but Marcos's reluc- 
tance to kifl old friends; the 
incompetence of General Ver, the 
army commander, and, above all, 
the strength of the people. 

On Sunday morning, against the 
advice of her supporters, Cory 
.Aquino' flew back to Manila The 
following day the Americans took 
the first steps to get Marcos oul 

It was none too soon. By the 
time Marcos left on Tuesday, his 
palace guard was deserting and 
random shots were fired at the 
palace.' Interestingly, Marcos was 
to attribute the shooting to his 
military opponents, whose heli- 
copters. he claimed, were being 
fuelled fry the Americans. Later it 
was shown that the shots had been 
fired by students. As in the final 
scenes of Hamlet, the Americans 
came to pick up the bodies, but 
they had been irrelevant to much 
of the drama that had preceded it. 

And that drama was a distinctly 
Filipino one. Its moving force was 
an improbable prtitician. Cory 
Aquino, not America and its out- 
of-sync meddling. The US did not 
lack the will to interfere; it. was 
simply that Washington was di- 
vided between State Department 
activists and a president who. 
having frequently intervened else- 
where. was slow to shake free bis 
loyalty to an old friend. But by the 
time Washington had finally 
understood the scenes it was 
witnessing, the play was almost 

This article is extracted from 
Granta 18. The Snap Revolution, 
published by Penguin at £3:95. 

up the 

It is fashionable for the shriller 
voices .of the New Right to abuse 
the older academic disciplines as 
antiquarian, elitist, unprofitable 
and irrelevant to the sunrise world 
of hi-tech and the market econ- 
omy! The attacks seem to me to 
emit a strong whiff of sour grapes 
and old-fashioned philistinism. 
They are also quite out of touch 
with the real world of scholarship. 

By an agreeable paradox the 
discipline that has advanced most 
in scope, professionalism and 
public esteem in our lifetimes has 
been the one that deals with the 
oldest subject matter. Archaeology 
has grown up from the anti- 
quarian ism of Aubrey and Stow 
into a major and professional 
subject that straddles science and 
the humanities. It is no longer 
merely digging for sherds and 
bones, but seeks to explain the 
roots and humanity of man: 

Archaeology has of course al- 
ways been glamorous for all who 
like a treasure hunt, from Arthur 
Evans at Knossos, Hinders Petrie 
in Egypt, Tutankhamum and Ur, 
and Schliemann gazing upon the 
face of Agamemnon and seeing 
the great Achilles whom we knew 
before only from literature. The 
latest of the great archaeologists to 
have struck gold, Manotis 
Andronikos, who is still re- 
discovering the great Philip at 
Vergina, arrives to receive a 
degree from Oxford next month. 

Detection with a 
populist touch 

But apart from being a pro- 
fessional academic discipline, and 
having a high public profile, 
archaeology is also a populist 
discipline. The treasure-hunters 
with their metal detectors are 
vandals; but they represent a mass 
popular interest in the roots of 
man: hi-tech turned on the past. 

Glyn Daniel, the man who. with 
Mortimer Wheeler, has done most 
to popularize archaeology in Brit- 
ain. without sacrificing a fragment 
of professional rigour, is about to 
retire as editor of Antiquity, the 
archaeological journal that is cav- 
iar to the field of learned publica- 
tions. It was founded as a private 
venture by O. G. S. Crawford fiO 
years ago. For the 30 years since he 
died it has been edited by Profes- 
sor Daniel and his wife Ruth, as 
essentia] reading not just for 

CWb WonnaB 

archaeologists and historians, but 
for everybody with any interest in 
the past. They will be succeeded at. 
the end of the year by Christopher 
Chippindale, Fellow of Girton 
College. Cambridge, and authorof 

Stonehenge Complete, which won 
the award for the best archaeologi- 
cal book last year. 

For those of you who have not 
run across it. Antiquity is remark- 
able for its scholarly sprightliness. 
I is book reviews are notoriously 

honest, in contrast with the log- 
rolling in most academic journals 
where, ladling butter from alter- 
nate- tubs. Stubbs butters Free- 
man. Freeman butters Stubbs. 
Readers cherish the memory oC 
for example, the review of 
Massingham's Pre-Roman Britain 
in Benn’s Sixpenny Library: “This 
book possesses ah the faults of 
Download Man of which it is a 
rechauffe, but nevertheless the 
publishers demand the exorbitant 
price of6d a copy . . . Scotchmen, 
who value their sixpences, should 

The sage giving 
way to youth 

beware.” Il is always pro-youth. A 
good article by a young archaeolo- 
gist anywhere in the world goes to 
the top of the list above pieces 
from eminent greybeards with 
muddy fingers. 

Its editorial notes are famous 
for their dryness. "Hanning is 
naturally repugnant to many 
people," (prolegomenon to a 
charge that no adequate map of 
the Roman Empire existed). 
“Only at the heart of the British 
Empire is it necessary, on each 
separate occasion when tbe need 
arises, to bring public opinion to 
bear on lethargy." Its style and 
authority have always -.attracted 
the best writers. Charles Lamb was 
ahead of his time in a letter to 
B. W. Proctor on January 22, 
1829: “When my sonnet was 
rejected. I exclaimed - Damn the 
age: 1 will write for Antiquity.” 

The past Is prologue to our 
world today. Those who say that 
the past is a bucket of ashes, and 
that history is bunk, are not fully 
human. We cannot make a success 
of our world, which we have on 
rent for a brieflease, unless we try 
to understand il and ourselves, 
and what makes us tick. That is 
why archaeology is not just fas- 
cinating. but also useful quite as 
relevant as computer studies or' 
supply-side economics, Neophil- 
lacs who do not reverence age do 
not take Hobbes's point that our 
present is the oldest age. 

Philip Howard 




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1 Penning ton Street, London El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

generals judge a general 

In the spring of 1982, General 
Leopoldo Gained sent his 
country’s best troops to the 
Chilean border. There they 
stayed, -waiting for the Chil- 
eans to attack. In January the 
treaty providing for arbitra- 
tion of border disputes be- 
tween the two countries haH 
been abrogated on the 
general’s order. Then the 
whim of Buenos Aires pro- 
duced war in the Atlantic. To 
an _ officer of the .general’s 
calibre, the prospect of war on 
two flanks posed no hazard. 

Thus the mountain infen try 
brigade stayed guarding the 
Andean passes throughout the 
Falklands invasion, leaving 
the defence of the islands 
against a numerically inferior 
British expeditionary force to 
an army of conscripts, in- 
trained and ill-provisioned, 
they were led by strategists 
whose idea of battle was 
retreat to Stanley and surren- 
der, provisioned by quarter- 
masters whose idea of field 
rations was left-overs from the 
Officers 1 mess, and set an 
example of professional 
soldiering by men whose chief 
skill was the placement of 
electrodes on trussed prisoners 
in military barracks. 

General Galtieri, his col- 
leagues and subordinates, ap- 
pear to be much of a piece. His 
trial, during the past year dr so 
before the Armed Forces Su- 
preme Council led by that lion 
of the battlefield General 

Reynaldo Bignohe, . never 
seemed to offer much wisdom, 
military or judicial. And so, 
with the sentences handed 
down yesterday, it has proved. 
General Galtieri shares his 
every attribute with, a genera- 
tion of military officers that 
has made his nation offensive 
not just to those who value the 
civil protection of human life 
and individual liberty, but 
risible as an example of 
machinery for war. 

President Alfonsin must, it 
is argued, tolerate Argentina’s 
powerful military (and hence 
its need to scapegoat senior 
officers for the Falklands) as 
he attempts simultaneously to 
set the country’s ‘ economy 
aright, and cauterize the 
wounds of recent history. He 
does indeed deserve support in 
his delicate dance, fiscal and 
political, with General Rios 
Erenu, the head of the armed . 

This means accepting, as the 
best justice on offer, legal 
proceedings against the tor- 
turers of between 1976 and 
1983 — proceedings that have 
apparently exonerated the tor- 
turers themselves in order to 
concentrate on the presidents 
and their associates. Thus 
Captain Astiz is released while 
General Viola, who may or. 
may not have given the orig- 
inal orders for Navy terror, is 
arraigned. In this legal process 
General Galtieri has been tried 
and acquitted. 

President Alfonsin, and the 

experiment with national ma- 
turity he represents, depends 
on the justice of that verdict. 
We must accept it for his sake. 
.The general, however, re- 
mained on trial charged, 
alongside other members of 
his junta, with military crimes 
— in effect for losing the 
Falklands war. His sentence 
appears unjust. 

For it was, as the General 
reminded his court, the people 
of Buenos Aires, voters for 
President Alfonsin among 
them, who stood in the Plazo 
de Mayo to applaud the invar 
sion and huri abuse at Britain, 
the United States and for- 
eigners in general. The Falk- 
lands adventure was the 
destiny of a nation with a 
corrupt political culture and a 
broken national identity: 
Galtieri was a mere in- 
strument of that will, which is 
still evident. He is no less a 
creature of the system that 
produced his judges. 

The prosecution of Admiral 
Byng at at an earlier stage of 
this country's development 
might, conceivably, have been 
justed for foe effects it had in 
precipitating both political re- 
form and military 
reorgnizaiion. Perhaps in the 
short run Galtieri’s imprison- 
ment will aid President 
Alfonsin. But foe values still 
espoused , by foe Aigentinian 
military give feint hope that 
the sins of foe Galtieri era will 
not be repeated. 


Inflation’s decline, to levels 
unknown since the late 1960$, 
is not yet over. By mid-, 
summer, prices may be 
increasing a mere 2 Vi per cent 
a year. But this triumph, for a 
Government that set foe con- 
trol of inflation as its highest 
priority, is seriously under- 
mined by its failure to meet 
another prime objective: mak- 
ing labour markets work. 

The continued rapid rise in 
wage costs — average earnings 
are still rising by about per 
centatyear — both threatens 
renewed inflation and- chokes 
off employment Inflation has 
been helped down by tumbling 
raw material costs, for which 
neither British, industry nor 
the British goveroznent, can 
take any credit Inflation has 
meanwhile been buoyed up by 
wage costs, which have risen 
fer fester in Britain than in our 
main competitors. 

Inflation in Britain is still 
higher than in, say, Japan or 
Germany; it is also likely to 
rise again before foe general 
election. The Government 
which so neatly timed the last 
dip in inflation to coincide 
with foe 1983 election (or vice 
versa), cannot make , use of a 
similar opportunity this sum- 

The rapid rise in wage oasts 
is having a further d amaging 
effect. Because they are 
increasing so much fester than 
prices, “reaT wage costs con- 
tinue to rise. Productivity has 
risen fer more rapidly in the 
1980s than foe 1970s, thus 
financing part of the rise in real 
wages out ofhigber real output 
per person employed. Re- 
cently, however, both output 
and productivity have been 
slowing down — with the result 

that wage costs per unit of 
output have been accelerating. 

This causes double damage 
to the Government’s chances 
of 'reversing the long upward 
rise in unemployment As 
labour becomes more expen- 
sive, companies are en- 
couraged to use more 
machinery and fewer people in 
their production processes. 
And as British industry's costs 
rise in comparison to foreign 
competition^ so British goods 
become harder to sdlon worid 

Government ministers are 
right to argue that part-of our 
unemployment steins from foe 
persistent rise in real wage 
costs. The important question, 
however, is why that un- 
employment has not in . turn 
damped down the rise in 
wages. It has slowfy come to be 
understood that foe' excess 
supply of long-term un- 
employed has little impact oh 
the wage bargains struck 

The Government’s attempt 
to bring influence to bear on 
these bargains has taken three 
forms. There lave been peri- 
odic attempts to exhort 
employers to act tough. The 
latest of these, Mr Nigel 
Lawson's monetary policy of 
the moment, . amounts to 
insisting that any prospect of 
lower interest rates depends on 
control of .wage inflation. 
There are attempts to bring foe 
long-term unemployed back 
into foe pool of employables. 
And there have been occa- 
sional attempts to remove 
artificial obstacles to wage 
-flexibility — the latest such 
attempt in this area being Mr 
Lawson’s ideas for profit- 
linked pay. 

AD these, while important. 

have not yet had much effect 
It is true that we have not 
suffered foe normal sharp 
cyclical acceleration in pay. It 
is still more significantly true 
that by avoiding * a formal 
incomes policy, we have 
avoided both foe damag in g 
need to bribe trade unions 
with interventionist measures, 
with which such policies typi- 
cally begin, arid the destructive 
surge in pay wifo whicfo they 
generally end. Yet pay has not 
slowed anything .Eke as much 
as prices, or as much as foe 
Government so dearly hoped. 

To some extent,' it Is a 
victim of its own (or foe 
world’s) counter-inflationary 
success. In most years of this 
government’s life, inflation 
has been coming down, and 
has frequently fallen fester 
than anticipated — which in 
turn provided an unexpected 
increase in real wages. The 
British public has not yet 
begun to learn that stable 
prices wipe out the “right” to 
annual pay rises. 

There is another sense in 
which British society is prov- 
ing its own worst enemy. The 
essence of the shake-out that 
has occurred — and foe ratio- 
nale behind profit-sharing — is 
that wages should move very 
differently in different in- 
dustries. In this country, how- 
ever, pay is traditionally (and 
heavily) dictated by compari- 
sons: When part of industry 
has suddenly reJearnt how to 
make profits, these compari- 
sons keep pay on an upward 
ratchet The Government has 
not yet succeeded in breaking 
foe British of this habit; nor of 
harnessing it to the cause of 


been a mixed week for 
i Rail: Every week is, for 
anization which usually 
es to bring out the worst 
[In BR’s eyes, the worid 
sometimes seem to be 
i betwen curmudgeons 
jway freaks.) But a week 
begins with the opening 
stations, new track and 
ale of new timetables — 
nds with the loss of a 
Post Office contract — 
gem more mixed .than. 

d foe clutter of words, as 
»rs gleefully interviewed 
“Outraged, Tunbridge 
they could find, there 
owever, one crumb of 
it for those who have 
arved on Inter-City. BR 
spend £12m more on 

r, there was a time when 
on railway trains was 
panied by a sense of 
m. There was an air of 
sness about sitting be- 
hissing “Castle” class, 
j Shrewsbury station, 
ulets of rain gathering 
town the soot-stained, 
vs white a waiter in the 

and cream livery of foe 

real Western Railway 
tfiiUy inquired: “More 

■ iWJ . 

» was ever “instant* 

in those dreamy days — not foe 
food and still less the trains. 
To founder through Banbury 
and Leamington Spa, well-fed 
ami asleep in foe restaurant 
car-. It was truly better to 
travel hopefully than to arrive. 

- This was partly -because one 
usually arrived thirty minutes 
late. But although passengers 
grumbled, they did so wrth less 
malice than today. Perhaps 
their expectations were Iowa? 
Or perhaps the dining eased 
foe pain. 

No longer is it sa To eat on 
the train is a challenge which 
too many of us fail. To stagger 
down half a dozen rearing 
coaches, past children spilling 
into the through-way, balanc- 
ing three cups of coffee, sa- 
chets of sugar, cartons of long- 
life milk, assorted BR 
sandwiches, a family-sized 
packet of smoky bacon crisps 
and a raffing Granny Smith, all 
on a plastic flexi-tray, is to long 
for Wolverhampton to 

This, however, is not a self- 
indulgent exercise in railway 
nostalgia. Faster trains de- 
mand fester food, and to 
expect British' Rail to serve 
leisurely repasts of turbot and 
pommesanglaises on al 25 to 
Didcot, is like longing for foe 
return of the family grocer. 
The fault of the in-flight buffet 

lies with the limitations of the 
fere and foe fact that there are 
too few of them. 

One solution to this is to 
acquire more and equip them 
with infra-red grills, micro- 
wave ovens or whatever h 
needs to make instant hot food 
for foe hungry. This would 
seem to be what BR has in 
mind, so one hopes that that 
day will soon come when most 
trains have a buffet. A com- 
plementary idea, however, 
would be to install sandwich 
and hot drinks machines on 
every coach for foe use of the 
. more sedentary among us. 

One reason for not installing 
fast food machines already is 
-presumably that they would be 
vandalised as soon as foe 
football season starts, if not 
before. To present a trainful of 
Chelsea- Fans who are playing 
away against foe Stretford 
End, with an unattended ma- 
chine full of Mars Bars and 
money, sounds, one has to 
admit, like passing a crateload 

arches of Waterioo Bridge. 
Indeed there are sour souls 
who.might charge British Rail 
wifo mdiemeht. 

The fear of abuse is not, 
however, sufficient reason to 
reject out of hand g good idea. 
It is. after, afl foe age of foe 
machine, if not of foe tram. 


dipping wings 
of Mercury? 

Front Mr Leon Britton. QC, MP 
for Richmond (Yorks) (Conser- 

Sir, It is ironic that in the very 
week that Mercury is starting up 
business, reports should appear of 
Labour plans to put the clock back 
to the bad old days of monopoly in 

The problems faring tele- 
communications in Britain when 
the present Government took 
office in 1979 were mainly that 
consumers did very badly under a 
system without competition, that 
there was no way of raising 
independent capital, and that the 
management showed tittle en- 
trepreneurial flair whilst under the 
ever-present shadow of gov- 
ernmental intervention — in short, 
there was no prospect for growth, 
wealth creation, a good service 
and true success. We inherited in 
1 979 just another industrial sector 
felting behind the rest of the 

The way in which Sir Keith 
Joseph, Patrick Jenkin, Cecil 
Parkinson and Norman Tebbit 
transformed the business has be- 
come an internationally renowned 
example of what privatisation can 
achieve. Givmga fer more flexible 
and advanced service to its cus- 
tomers than ever before, and 
investing £2 billion pounds every 
year, British Telecom has estab- 
lished itself as a world leader. But 
in addition, and crucially, the 
Government also set up in Mer- 
cury a competitor which aims to 
offer an even cheaper and more 
efficient service to consumers. 

Labour is now thinking of 
ending all this: the working party 
reporting to John Smith wants to 
re-establish foe Government 
majority holding, to re-impose the 
panoply of Stale and Treasury 
controls, to re-create the old 
monopoly and to issue each 
subscriber with a nominal stake in 
the company as a sop to true share 
ownership. It is a policy that is 
totally doctrinaire and a recipe for 
bureaucracy and inefficiency. 

What this betrays is that behind 
the new Labour faces of the 80s are 
the tired old doctrines of the 60s. 
For these are in truth the same 
remedies that went out with flared 
jeans and flower power, but with 
just a few new frills as a substitute 
for fresh thinking. 

Yours faithfully, 


House of Commons. 

May 15. 

Waldheim parallel 

From MrsE. M.Hanbury Tenison 
Sir, When we were living in 
Romania we knew and respected a 
prelate of the Orthodox Church 
who was “totally compromised” 
by the communist regime. This, 
for the benefit of your more 
innocent readers, means that be 
had been frightened by torture and 
other pressures into giving 
information which led to the 
capture, death and torture of 
others, some of them his col- 
leagues. He was an unhappy man. 

When we were living in Austria 
we were friendly wifo a family 
who lived next door to a notorious 
concentration camp throughout 
foe war and claimed to have been 
unaware of its purpose. They were 
distinguished by their private and 
public works of charity. . 

When we were in Germany our 
acquaintance included some who 
had reristed Hitler to foe point of 
imprisonment torture, exile and 
foe death of their relations. Work- 
ing alongside them were others 
whose records varied from foe 
dubious to the downright disgrace- 
ful It was noticeable that those 
most liable to curl foe Up and drop 
hints about the Nazi past were not 
usually those whose own record 
had been purer than pure. 

I have absolutely no informa- 
tion about specific cases but I do 
know that it is impossible to 

imagine the pressures nfliving in a 

totalitarian regime if you have 
been broyght up in a democracy. I 
would also prefer not to take bets 
on which of my greatest friends 
would resist such pressures. Or on 
whether F would. 

Yours fefthfiilly, 

Clytha Park, 

Abergavenny, Gwent 

Interviewed on TV 

From the Director of the National 
Radiological Protection Board 
Sir, After a period in which foe 
news media were both helpful and 
responsible in reporting foe pos- 
sible effects on the UK population 
of the Chernobyl accident it may 
seem Churlish to sound a dis- 
cordant note. However, possibly 
because of personal involvement 
I have become increasingly aware 
of a technique in TV discussion 
programmes that seems to me to 
be so misleading as to border on 
the unprofessional 
The technique is that of inter- 
cutting parts of separate inter- 
views so that one person appears 
to be responding to a comment 
which, in feet he has not heard 
and may well not have been told 
about At best he is made to look 
evasive and at worst downright 

Before one recent programme ! 
requested and received an assur- 
ance that this technique would not 
be used. It was. To paraphrase 
Sam Goldwyn. “These oral assur- 
ances aren’t worth -foe paper 
they’re written on”. 

Yours fei fofulls 
H. J. DUNSTER, Director, 
National Radiological Protection 

Chilton, Didcot 

May 11 

Seeking an alternative verdict 

health care will regret that an 
opportunity has been losL We can 
console ourselves with the reflec- 

Frotn the Principal of The British 
School of Osteopathy 
Sir. So the British Medical Associ- 
ation has concluded (report May 
13) that “there is no proof that 
many alternative therapies are 
effective and that some risk 
harming patients". Such an aca- 
demic conclusion is hardly 
surprising, since the majority of 
the BMA working party were 
science-based academics drawn 
from the glasshouses of pharma- 
cology and anaesthesia — hardly 
the best of locations from which to 
throw stones at other therapies on 
the grounds of ineffectiveness or 
of risks to patients. 

There were no general prac- 
titioners on foe working party. A 
pity, for a working doctor might 
have reminded them from the 
experience of everyday practice 
that (a) a high proportion of foe 
work of a successful GP is not 
directly based upon rigid, fully- 
researched scientific orthodoxy - 
indeed is outside its scope; and (b) 
many conditions which cause 
widespread personal misery and 
loss of working time — for 
example, backache — are an 
embarrassment to foe average 
doctor, who is not trained to deal 
with them, and are often relieved 
by a complementary practitioner. 

The report is indeed a sadly 
defensive and deeply disappoint- 
ing document. Those of us who 
went out of our way to offer 
assistance to foe working party 
have been let down and exposed to 
the criticism of our cynical col- 
leagues who told us at the outset 
that complementary and alter- 
native therapies would never re- 
ceive a fair hearing from foe 
doctors' trade union. 

The working party was asked 
“to consider foe feasibility and 
possible methods of assessing foe 
value of alternative therapies,” yet 
its main conclusion seems to be 
that its “commitment is to ortho- 
dox medicine, and we believe it 
would be for practitioners of 
alternative therapies to mount any 

It could not more clearly have 
opted out of its main task. Of 
course there are difficulties in 
conducting trials of foe orthodox 
types in these areas; the same can 
be said of many aspects of 
accepted medical practice. That is 
why we need a combined effort by 
orthodox and complementary 
practitioners through such agen- 
cies as the Research Council for 
Complementary Medicine to de- 
vise effective and acceptable strat- 

Instead, against much evidence, 
the report insists on the primacy 
and infallibility of orthodox medi- 
cal diagnosis as a pre-requisite, so 
that it does not even provide foe 
basis for useful dialogue: 

Those of us who believe that 
complementary therapies have an 
important contribution to make to 

lion that, on this issue at least, foe 
BMA does not adequately repre- 
sent the views of the medical 
profession as a whole. 

Yours feithfully. 

NORMAN UNDOP. Principal. 
The British School of Osteopathy. 
1-4 Suffolk Street. SW1. 

May 14. 

From Mr R. G. Rumary 
Sir. My frustration on reading 
your report of the findings of the 
BMA's Board of Science investiga- 
tion into alternative medicine is 
no doubt shared by many alter- 
native-medical practitioners and 
their satisfied patterns. 

Of course some alternative rem- 
edies are ineffective and may 
cause harm. Of course alternative 
medical practitioners should be 
properly trained and qualified. Of 
course some remedies have a 
placebo effect. Of course many 
conditions are either chronic or 
have a high rate of natural 
recovery. But all of these com- 
ments also apply to orthodox 

Healing is the function of foe 
botty. not of medical practitioners: 
their role is to promote healing, or 
at least to limit disease, in the 
most efficacious and least harmful 

The attraction of so many 
alternative remedies is that what- 
ever may be their demonstrable 
efficacy, they are very rarely 
harmful — something which can- 
not be said, alas, of most orthodox 
remedies with their heavy reliance 
on drugs and surgery. 

Yours faithfully, 

Cave Cottage. 

Alexandra Road, East Sussex. 

May 13. 

From Mr K. J. Biddis 
Sir, It was fortunate for the 
members of foe British Medical 
Association investigating alter- 
native therapies that they did not 
consult those members of the 
veterinary profession who use 
homoeopathic material, otherwise 
one of their main criticisms of this 
discipline, in., the placebo factor, 
would have been well and truly 
negated. Animals are quite un- 
aware that they are receiving 
medication of any kind; nor are 
they influenced back to normal 
health by longer consultations and 
bedside manner. 

Private practice depends upon 
results and no veterinary surgeon 
can afford, ethically or financially, 
to fiddle around with medication 
that does not give foe best results, 
albeit unorthodox on many occa- 
sions to the incredulity of the 
laboratory boffins. 

Yours faithfully, 


32 St Ronan's Road, 

South sea, Hampshire. 

May 14. 

Village schools 

From Mr G. P. Barnard 
Sir, If unfortunately a school is 
dosed, foe next consideration for 
villagers is foe after-use of foe 
school building. 

Our village school dosed its 
doom on July 22, 1982, after 124 
years’ use. At that time my 
committee asked if we could 
acquire foe building for use as a 
village hall and offered a pepper- 
corn rent for seven years and then 
foe fell market purchase price . 

In November, 1984, Cheshire 
County Council demanded foe 
full market price at once. This 
would not have been viable and so 

my committee withdrew its in- 
terest in January, 1985. 

Today foe school still stands 
empty, awaiting a use. after 
vandalism, and last week the 
village shop and post office next 
door gave notice of its intention to 

Yours feithfully. 


Honorary Secretary, 

Church Minshull Village Hall 

Old Orchard. 

Church Minshull, 



May 8. 

Still dissatisfied 

From Mr C. R. Hart 
Sir, It is very encouraging to read 
that factory gate prices are felling 
(report. May 13). It is still not 
possible, however, to order any 
British-made goods without being 
informed, in a very matter of feet 
way, that there is a substantial 
waiting time for deliveries. 

Time and time again one has to 
resort to foreign products as these 
are available “off foe shelf". 

I remain. Sir, Yours faithfully, 

68 Bradbourne Road. 

Sevenoaks. Kent. 

Foil many a gem 

From the Secretary of the British 
Federation of Music Festivals 
Sir, Your interesting feature on 
poetry (May 6) omitted to men- 
tion that hundreds of amateur 
poets are writing today. Many of 
our 300 competitive festivals have 
classes for poetry writing, resulting 
in work of such quality that some 
of the festivals produce their own 
printed booklets of foe judas* 
choice. Inglorious (so fer) they 
may be, but mule they certainly 
are dol 

Yours faithfully, 

EILEEN CRAINE. Secretary, 

The British Federation of 
Music Festivals. 

Festivals House. 

198 Park Lane, 

Macclesfield. Cheshire. 

Death at the top 

From Dr Denis Dooley 
Sir, Your “On This Day” column 
yesterday (May 12) on foe shoot- 
ing of Spencer Perceval, Prime 
Minister, in 1812 by Bellingham 
seems a somewhat significant 
reminder, in these days of vi- 
olence, that foe ever-present risk 
to which people in high places 
expose themselves is nothing new. 

in 1843 an attempt was made by 
a Mr McNaghten on foe life of Sir 
Robert Peel, who was uninjured, 
but his secretary was shot dead. 
McNaghten's counsel, Alexander 
Cockburn. QC (later Lord Chief 
Justice of England) offered a 
brilliant defence and won a verdict 
of “not guilty" on foe grounds of 

Out of this trial came the 
“McNaghten Rules” on which, in 
most English-speaking jurisdic- 
tions. the insanity concept of 
criminal law is based today. Had 
the McNaghten Rules been in 
effect at Bellingham's trial he must 
have been judged insane and 
would not have been hanged. 

The skull of Bellingham re- 
mained for years in a box in foe 
basement of St Bartholomew's 
medical schooL His name was 
engraved across foe forehead. The 
skull can still be seen in the 
anatomical museum of Bart’s. 
Yours faithfully, 


7 Murray Road. 

Wimbledon, SW19. 

May 13. 

Off with the old 

From Mr David H addon- Reece 
Sir. Unlike Mr New (May 13), 1 
rather enjoy the funny old lettered 
signs at polling stations, especially 
the pointing hands. They lend as 
air of difference and occasion to 
the proceedings; besides, their old- 
feshioned style brings to (my) 
mind foe black and white photo- 
graphs of suffragettes. J arrow 
marchers, etc — those visible 
records of events bound in to the 
tradition of British politics. 

Yours feithfully, 


78a Kingston Street, 


May 13. 

Distinguished visitor 

From Mr E. H. C. Gritton 
Sir, Your cricket correspondent 
(May 6) draws attention to 
Gavaskar’s visit to England this 
year as being his eighth wifo an 
official side — “a record which, I 
think, no one of any nationality 
can equal". 

Sidney Gregory came here with 
the Australian sides of 1 890. 1 893, 
1896. 1899. 1902. 1905, 1909 and 

Yours feithfully. 


Middle Gingers, . 

The Grove, 


Camberiey, Surrey. 

MAY 17 1920 

Joan id Arc, in 1429 had 
succeeded in persuading the 
Dauphin, later Charles VII, to let 
her lead troops to relieve Qri&uis. 

She was captured by the 
Burgundians, who sold her to the 
British and was burnt at the stake 
in Rouen on May 30, 1431. In 
1456 Pope Collision III declared 
her innocent; she was beatified in 
1909 and canonized by Benedict 




ROME. MAY 18- 

An hour before midday the bells 
of St. Peter’s and all the other 
Roman churches rang out to make 
public announcement of the can- 
onization of Joan of Arc. 

At an early hour the vast spaces 
of Sl Peter's were filled by an 
immense crowd, and by eight 
o'clock the front doors were dosed, 
leaving many outside who were 
unable to obtain admittance. Only 
the doors of the Sacristy and of 
Santa Maria remained open for 
holders of special tickets. Over the 
crowd on the steps of the Basilica 
hung a veiled picture of the Maid 
waiting the passage of the Pope 
from the Vatican through the 

Punctually at half-past eight the 
papal cortege, headed by monks of 
the various religious orders, en- 
tered, and for an hour long it 
passed slowly up the nave, an 
immwn» and varied throng of 
ecclesiastics and Vatican officials. 
Twenty mmitoi behind the heed 
of the procession came the great 
standard of Joan of Arc, which was 
lowered by the papal altar and 
placed in the transept to the right. 
The huge crowd and the rich 
costumes made an impressive spec- 
tacle, but more impressive still was 
the long procession of the arch- 
bishops and bishops, who walked 
two by two, each accompanied by 
an attendant There were more 
than 300, and it seemed as though 
the line of white mitres would 
never come to an end. 

At half-past nine the thrilling 
note of the sliver trumpets filled 
the church, a stir and murmur ran 
through the assembled throng, and 
the Pope entered through the great 
central door. To one looking down 
from beside the papal altar along 
the Ear stretching nave, the Sedia 
Gestatoria appeared outlined small 
and dark against the light, and was 
carried high above the crowds 
covered by a baldaquin and backed 
by the two flabella, the great 
ceremonial fens. 

On either side of the nave there 
broke out a flutter of white 
handkerchiefs that spread like a 
coming squall as the Pope was 
borne slowly up towards the altar. 

The Pope proceeded to a throne 
erected at the end of the apse, and 
Cardinals, Bishops, and Abbots 
made obeisance. .- . [He] was then 
approached by the Cardinal Procu- 
rator of Canonization and the 
Consistorial Advocate. The latter, 
kneeling, prayed the Pope instan - 
ter to inscribe the Blessed Joan of 
Arc on the Roll of Saints. . . Then 
followed the litany of Saints, stmg 
by two beautiful baritone voices, 
with responses from hundreds of 
choristers placed in various parts 
of the church. . . 

The Pontifical Mass followed, 
and at the moment of the offertory 
the ritual oblations were presented 
to the Pope — five candles and two 
loaves of bread, one gilt, the other 
silvered, and three gflded cages 
containing a pair of doves, a pair of 
turtle doves, and several small 
birds of different kinds. At the 
elevation of the Host came once 
again the shrill caD of the silver 
trumpets, and at the end of the, 
ceremony the Pope was borne out 
of the church accompanied only by 
the Pontifical choir. 

The enormous crowd slowly filed 
out of St Peter’s and on the facade 
the great picture of St Jeanne d’ Arc 
hung unveiled to the noonday sun. 

How long, O Lord? . 

From Mr J. E. Bowler 
Sir, We are all late entrants into 
the discussion about foe optimum 
length of an organ voluntary. The 
authorities at Amstadt, where J. SL 
Bach held his. first organ appoint- 
ment, recorded that “The Or- 
ganist, Bach, used to play too long 
preludes but after this was notified 
to him by foe Herr Superintendent 
he went at once to the opposite 
extreme and has made them too 

Yours feithfully, 



Be vans Lane, 

Hinton on the Green, 

Nr Evesham, 


From Prebendary Edwin Stark 
Sir, _ The recent correspondence 
reminds me of an oiganist I knew 
whose enthusiasm for 
extemporizations, performed in' 
place of a voluntary after Even- 
song, could be brought to an end 
only by cutting off the electricity. . 
Undaunted by foe silence, he 
would continue to finger foe keys 
until reminded that it was time to 
close foe church. 

Yours sincerely, 


The Rectory. 

Tlte Pansh of Blisland wifo Tern- ■ 
pie and St Brewarcl, 


Bodmin, Cornwall. 

From Mr J. W. Tanking 

Sir, How Jong, O Lord, is this 

correspondence going on? 

Yours feithfully. 



Felindre, - 



May 12. 




Omnibus director Saqura Os- 
bwb to persuade that oanel- 
kms black chronicler Alice 
Walker to be film*! for a 
BBC1 portrait, and the first 
naif tackled her writing and 
roots in an Interesting way. 

She read her own poems 
Orate as beautifully as actress 
Chezwae Powell, whose part It 
was to deliver from 

Tke Color Purple (“I riimlc it 
pisses God off if yon walk by 
the color purple in a field and 
don't notice it”). Insisting on 
her role as a “womanist" who 
preserves history. Walker told 
how even her name commemo- 
rated an ancestor, a slave, 
whowas forced to walk some 
incredible distance, with two 
babies, and live to over 100. 

Concerned more for texture 
— for the warp and woof of 
black women's lives — than for 
the text, the film did seem 
perversely lacking in mask. It 
also got into a bit of a mnddle 
in the middle. When, in a 
sequence more appropriate to 
film 86* we resurfaced with 
Steven Spielberg's account of 
how he filmed The Color 
Purple — in particular his 
coyness in dealing with a 
lesbian scene - the tenor of 
the programme was devalued. 

It is on racial grounds - for 
her golliwogs - that Enid 
Blyton has been banned from 
libraries. In a dire Book 
Choice (Channel 4) a journal- 
ist and barrister called Chris- 
tine Verity seemed to have few 
credentials for talking about 
Blyton other than the fact she 
had read a biography. Verity 
was billed to speak for ten 
minutes. In fact she spoke 
joylessly for about five. What 
she communicated by her 
shuffles and deep breaths was 
not eqjoyment bin nerves, and 
a grim-faced relief it was all 
over. Perhaps she was suffer- 
ing from the ailment analysed 
in Dr Jekyll and Mrs Hyde 
(Channel 4) — jauntily snb- 
titied The Many Faces of Pre- 
Menstrua] Syndrome. This 
serious — almost taboo — 
affliction was aired in a sadly 
dull programme presented by 
a lugubrious doctor. Repetitive 
attention was paid to PMT 
symptoms like rageand even 
murder. The causes remained 
enigmatic, but it was interest- 
ing that all the women inter- 
viewed had bearded husbands. 




Wicked This Way 


The campus collective meet trouble at a filling station 

The young guns misfire 

Real Dreams 

The Pit 

Nothing provokes the mockery of one 
generation more than the idealisms of 
its predecessor and in this play (adapt- 
ed from a story by Jeremy Pikser) 
Trevor Griffiths relates an episode that 
invites bowls of merriment at the 
expense of the American student revo- 
lutionaries of the 1960s. 

Set in Geveland at the death-rattle of 
the decade, it presents an ex-campus 
collective of young whites who have 
banded together to strike their blow 
against “pig America” by putting them- 
selves under “Black and Brown” leader- 
ship. Orders arrive via a swaggering 
little Puerto Rican — Ramon — who 
gives them the heroic mission of 
burning down a local branch of the A & 
P: and as Ramon gives the game away to 
a passing motorist and has to be carried 
drunk from the scene of action, the plot 
ludicrously misfires. 

The collective stagger back to base, 
only to receive death threats from the 
high command which suspects them of 
alerting the fire-brigade; whereupon 
they spend the rest of the night stationed 
at the windows with loaded guns. “This 
is Waggon Train" their leader remarks 
in despair. “We’re protecting our wom- 

enfolk from the savages, but what we're 
supposed to be doing is joining the 

The speaker is Jack (Gary Oldman), a 
selflessly dedicated revolutionary purist 
along the lines of Hugo's Enjolras in Les 
Miserable. r* a figure marked out for 
heroic martyrdom, who finds his cause 
crumbling into farce and survival. 

The whole piece is strewn with small 
deflationary details. Amid their sessions 
of ideological self-criticism, the collec- 
tive are still in touch with their families. 
One boy confesses to abandoning a 
demo on remembering there was a 
dinner waiting for him at home. 
Another envies his girl who has made it 
into the Black Panther elite (straight 
American ambition still thrives in the 
revolutionary hierarchy). Then there is 
Karen (Michele Costa) who longs to be 
busied by the police, but still travels 
everywhere with her Louis XVI couch. 
There are sober reports of the campaign 
to enrol new members from school- 
yards and parks, which fails to yield a 
single working-class recruit. 

All the material is there for two hours 
of non-stop ridicule. But. as Griffiths 
presents it, every laugh is stranded at 
birth. This is partly a trick of tense. The 
play is written from the standpoint of 
those who were there at the time; not 
from the vantage point of 20 years later. 

And it carries the implication that, 
however naive, the idealistic energy of 
that decade is preferable to the apathetic 
disenchantment into which it dispersed. 

That is a disputable proposition. But 
Griffiths's achievement is to have 
marshalled all the negative evidence 
against his characters - down to their 
brutally stunted vocabulary — and still 
reactivated their cause as a “real dream” 
of more than nostalgic power. 

Ron Daniels directs the play on a bare 
floor ringed by monitor screens alive 
with scenes of the Vietnam war and 
American riots which, more than any 
habitation, constitute the collective's 
living environment 

The group themselves swing between 
humdrum cooking arrangements and 
ecstasy reminiscent of the Manson clan. 
In this cultist atmosphere, where the 
worst insult is to be called a "good 
citizen”, you never question the ease 
with which such a hopeless leader as 
Vincent Ebrahim's insult-screaming 
Ramon imposes himself on the expen- 
sively-educated rank-and-file. 

Within the severe restrictions of the 
dialogue, Michael McNally, Adrian 
Dunbar, and Hilary Townley, build 
sharply individual personalities wi thin 
the group. 

Ray Bradbury’s second most 
famous novel is a successful 
early essay in Small town 
Gothic seen from the point of 
view of two Twainesque 
young lads. In psychological 
terms the story is a grotesque- 
ly-decorated fantasy of puber- 
tal apprehension, setting the 
boys' longing for maturity 
against their perception of 
time's deletenousness and 
shot through with an insis- 
tence on moral courage. 

From the first whiff of 
calliope music and cotton 
candy born on the fretful 
October wind, the carnival 
that creeps by night into 
Greentown, Illinois, bodes no 
good. In the course of their 
nocturnal ramblings the two 
wide-eyed boys (Barry Birch 
and Ben Daniels) discover 
that the carousel, when made 
to go backwards, is a rejuvena- 
tion machine; when forwards, 
it accelerates the ageing pro- 
cess looking for fresh supplies 
of youthful folly. 

Liz Brailsford's adaptation 
shares out the narration piece- 
meal among the company, an 
irritating convention which 
allows Han Duijven dak’s pro- 
duction to eschew naturalism. 
This means that, for instance, 
the Lightening Rod 
salem san’s fantastical wares 
are handfuls of air and that the 
Illustrated Man's rolled-up 
sleeves reveal unadorned skin. 
If the play is to be seen as 
devolving entirely inride the 
boys' imagination, it requires 
much sharper direction. 

The playschool's atmo- 
sphere is further abetted by 
Rodney Ford's simplistic de- 
sign: two large step-ladders do 
service, variously, for roof- 
tops, the carousel, and the 
library shelves where Mr Dark 
runs the fugitive youngsters to 
ground. One has to work too 
hard at imagining 

Neil Boorman's perfor- 
mance as the decent, philo- 
sophically-minded librarian 
whose courage finally thwarts 
Mr Dark in the convulated 
dimax, is several notches 
above that of his colleagues. 

Irving Wardle Martin Cropper 


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.Rei: TATOL *58 

Cannes Film Festival 

A source that never dries up 

Forty years after, and with all 
that has happened since, the 
Second World War remains 
the greatest trauma of modern 
history, and film-makers still 
find in it new aspects and new 
significances for our own 

The Austrian Axel Corti’s 
Welcome In Vienna has a 
special topicality at a moment 
when the unkind are diagnos- 
ing a selective amnesia about 
war service as “Waldheim’s 
disease”. In Vienna, 1945, 
Coni observes the stage being 
set for the whole post-war 

The film is in fact the third 
part of an autobiographical 
trilogy written by George 
Stefan Trailer. Like Trailer 
himself, the Jewish hero, hav- 
ing left Vienna in 1938, re- 
turns as an officer with the 
American Army. The opti- 
mism he shares with his fellow 
repatriates, that a new world 
will be built on the ruins of the 
old. is almost instantly dashed 
as the old order (and anti- 
Semitism was rampant in 
Austria several years before 
the Anschluss) is reasserted. 

Despite restricted resources 
Corti’s re-creation of the phys- 
ical aspect of post-war V ienna. 
with its ruins, its road-blocks 
and its racketeers on every 
street-comer, is remarkable 
(helped by period-style black- 
and-white photography) and 
adds to the veracity of the 
attitudes and adjustments he 

Motion pictures are the 
20th-centun. memory, and a 
whole group of films in 
Cannes has paid tribute to this 
aspect of cinema. A Thousand 
and One Marguerites is 
Gaumonfs own tribute to its 
90-vear historv - a torrent of 

^ 1 -V' 

• ,; M| .. ' 

> :%:f 

ill i If 5.4 i ^ 


i M 



5 >v< 

Back to the post-war days: Axel Cord's Welcome In Vienna 

archival treasures edited far 
too swiftly to take in as 
individual fragments. 

The German director Wer- 
ner Nekes's Film Before Film 
is also almost too rich for 
digestion — a montage of the 
technology and iconography 
of all the moving-image de- 
vices which anticipated and 
culminated in the cinema. 

From Belgium. Pierre 
Levie's Thank Yon Mr Rob- 
ertson is a more formal. 

dramatized history of the 
making of moving pictures, 
starting with the early 19th- 
century showman Etienne 
Gaspart Robertson. The pre- 
history of the art is evidently 
in vogue just now. 

More recent memories are 
stirred in a British film, Alex 
Cox’s Sid and Nancy — Love 
Kills. This dramatic re-cre- 
ation of the short life and 
death of Sid Vicious is surpris- 
ingly sad and sober. Its picture 

of the world of the Sex Pistols 
is rigorously unglamorized. At 
the centre of the violent 
despair of early Punk, Sid 
appears as a simple-minded 
youth whose dependence on 
the drug-wrecked Nancy is as 
comprehensible as its lethal 
outcome is inevitable. 

Without sentimentality or 
indulgence or romanticizing 
its odd heroes, the film tries 
sincerely to understand. 

David Robinson 


Sounds so right 


^lautiWIy ELLE. OUT NOW £1 



Festival Hall 

Can Simon Rattle do no 
wrong? I am beginning to 
suspect that to be the case. 
Here, in another concert of his 
“Aprds L’Apr&s Midi" series 
with the Philharmonia Or- 
chestra (who are also provid- 
ing us with a few problems 
over the choice of new lauda- 
tory adjectives) he offered an 
exquisitely balanced pro- 
gramme with three of the four 
works containing a tantalizing 
duality between the light and 
the serious. 

Arguably the most effective 
of the three was Ravel's short 
opera, L'En/ani et les Sort- 
ileges. in which a child is taken 
to task, or perhaps dreams 
that he is. and given a fright by 
the things and beings around 
him that he has abused. 
Superficially charming and 
mildly amusing the work may 
be. but it strikes a sympathetic 
chord in adults not simply 
because we remember the 
enormity of our childhood 
fears, but because, in essence, 
we never really lose them. 
That is a point reinforced by 
the subtlety of Ravel's music. 

This was a lovely perfor- 
mance that beautifully con- 
veyed the abundant magic of 
the score, largely because of 

Rattle's fine judgement . in 
matters of balance. The sing- 
ers also gauged their character- 
izations skilfUlly. -with Elise 
Ross's innocently wicked 
Child, for example, perfectly 
straddled between bemuse- 
ment and terror. Ameral 
Gunson. as Mother et al. and 
Mary King, as Chair. Cat. Bat. 
and Squirrel, both brought to 
their multiple roles a properly 
imposing richness, and no less 
good were the resonant 
Raimund Herincx (the Arm- 
chair and the Tree) and Henry 
Herford (the Grandfather 
Cock and a beautifully sinewy 
Cat), and the percussive Peter 
Hall (the Teapot, the Old 
Man. and a Frog). 

Before this. Ravers orches- 
tral version of Alborado del 
gracioso gave us a portrait of 
the lovelorn (or is he?) clown, 
and Debussy's forward-look- 
ing masterpiece of a ballet 
score, Jeux. hinted suggestive- 
ly and atmospherically at what 
lay behind the bushes apart 
from a lost tennis-balL Both 
were scintillatingly per- 
formed, as was Poulenc's Con- 
certo for Two Pianos, 
altogether a thing more frivo- 
lous. I wish, though, that one 
of the LaWque sisters, who 
were the soloists here, had 
tried to curb her urge to shout 
during the music. 

Stephen Pettitt 


Passing sentence 
on a let-down 

You may know the story of the 
yokel who went to the big city. 
Returning to his village, be 
told a crowd of his admiring 
follow villagers: “Friends, the 
King spoke to me”. Deeply 
impressed, they ran off to 
spread the news — all except 
the village idiot. He stayed 
behind to ask: “But what did 
the King say to you?” “His 
exact words were 'Get out of 
my way’." 

It has been a bit like that 
with On Being a Jadge (Radio 
4, last two Mondays, repeated 
Fridays; producer Fran Ach- 
eson), in which Judge James 
Pickles has been talking to 
Roger Wilkes. The judge is on 
the West Yorkshire circuit and 
be first broke the judicial 
convention of silence by pub- 
lishing a newspaper article in 
which he criticized the legal 
process in general and the 
Lord Chancellor in particular. 
In other ways, too, he differs 
from his follows: Wilfred Pick- 
les was his uncle and he has 
written plays for radio. 

Now any judge who can 
make these two claims on top 
of defying one highly respect- 
able Chancellor may well have 
something going for him, but 
the build-up to this pair of 
programmes suggested we 
were in for something that 
would rock the British judicia- 
ry to its foundations. So what 
did the judge say to us? 
Nothing especially remark- 
able. Early in the second 
programme, for instance, he 
observed that the severity of a 
sentence was a bit of a lottery, 
depending on which judge 
handed it out, a fact self- 
evident since before Solomon. 
The interviewer’s horrified 
“But that’s an astonishing 
thing for a judge to say, isn’t 
it? - won’t you undermine 
confidence in the whole court 
system?” sounded a trifle 
ingenuous; although maybe 
Mr Wilkes is partly right, 
maybe it really is an astonish- 
ing thing for a judge to say and 
what is common knowledge 
has not yet reached the bench. 
Later in the same pro- 
am me Judge Pickles was 
aced with two of the men he 
had put away for stiff terms, 
neither of whom believed his 
sentence bad done anything to 
deter him, although they are in 
foci now law-abiding citizens. 

In the first programme he 
crossed swords with Claire 
Short MP on the topic of 
legislating against Page 3 of 

The Sun. He thought there 
was quite enough legislation 
already although, as in his 
defence of deterrent sentenc- 
ing, he did not make much of a 
case, but simply left Ms Short 
even more surly than when he 

You might take these two 
programmes as evidence for a 
thesis advanced later in the 
week that the human brain is 
nothing like the keen instru- 
ment of logic we believe it to 
be. This was one topic of 
conversation between Colin 
Blakemore and Philip John- 
son-Laird, an applied psychol- 
ogist. in The Byzantine Brain 
(Radio 3, Thursday; producer 
Deborah Cohen), the first of 
three enticing programmes in 
which Professor Blakemore 
talks to various psychologists 
about the brain's powers of 
reasoning. Next Monday, un- 
der the intriguing title of 
Hurtfood and Listendrink, we 
can hear what is to be learnt 
from the logical abilities of 

Radio 4's two weekly fea- 
tures slots have been extreme- 
ly variable both as to style and 
quality, but this week has 
produced an unusually attrac- 
tive pair. Sunday's Two Supe- 
rior Persons (producer John 
Theocharis) told in the 
protagonists’ own words of the 
corrosive relationship be- 
tween Lord Curzon as Viceroy 
of India and Lord Kitchener 
as his commander-in-chief. 
This was an expert compila- 
tion by Peter King which, as 
performed by Alec McCowen 
and Jeremy Kemp, vividly 
conveyed the clash of two 
immensely ambitious men, 
one of whom (Kitchener) 
emerged as both ruthless and 
deeply dishonest 
Tuesday's feature was The 
Thomas the Tank Engine 
Man (producer John Forrest), 
an endearing portrait by Brian 
Sibley of the Reverend 
W. Awdry. A brisk but kindly 
script and some productive 
interviewing revealed a slight- 
ly bumbling cleric astonished 
at his own success. Thomas 
and his mates in the loco shed 
seem set to go on for ever 
after 41 years of writing 
Wilbert Awdry may be getting 
on a bit but his son Christo- 
pher has picked up the pen 
and his grandson Richard 
(aged six) clearly has a mind 
to do so as soon as possible. 

David Wade 



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A weekly guide 
to leisure, entertainment 
and the arts 

Can Cannes turn back to the future? 

Aftg rmany years in the doldrums, the 
^Bri tish film industry is suddenly the 
centre of attention at the world’s most 
. celebrated festival. GJenys Roberts 
watches our movie moguls captivating 
the jaded traders of Celluloid-on-Sea 

Alan EVancharo 


Not long ago 
two American 
agents were sit- 
ting in the glo- 
rious Hotel du 
Cap at Cannes 
Festival time 
ordering lunch. They started 
with melon, which was 50 
francs a sliver. One said to the 
other “Fifty francs? 1 think I'll 
buy melon futures" This year, 
one of the agents stayed in 
California but the other went 
to Cannes and again ordered 
the melon. Now it was 100 
francs a portion. So he called 
home and said: “Remember 
those melon futures? It's time 
to sell". 

In a sense, the Cannes 
Festival had outdone itself 
even before Reagan bombed 
Libya, which is why the 
Americans may have jumped 
at the opportunity to stay 
home. The whole film busi- 
ness needs a rethink and the 
problem is a big one: modem 
life. The facts have finally 
outstripped the fantasy that 
used to be the province of the 

The traditional Cannes 
opening ceremony says it all. 
Every year since the war some 
nubile young thing has stood 
on the steps of the Carlton 
Hotel, thrust her chest to- 
wards the Mediterranean and 
ripped open her bodice with 
the words “I declare this 
festival open". Fabulous stuff 
in 1 946, but now every public 
beach is packed with bare- 
nippled nymphettes. It’s clear- 
ly a superfluous gesture. 

The irony strikes the most 
hardened exponents of screen 
shock. When. Ken Russell, 
hardly a blushing violet, was 
whisked straight, from the 
airport on to the beach at this, 
his very first festival, for one 
of the endless publicity 
lunches, he obviously did not 
know whether to attend to the 
fish or the flesh. 

The film Russell has been in 
Cannes to publicize is called 
Gothic — as the producer 

film salesman, gypsy journal- 
ist and young director who 
wants to use it as a home from 
home between screenings and 
sales conferences. The BritPav 
is a brilliant invention, a 
unique outpost of the empire 
where a grip can talk to the 
stars rather than my lawyers 
talking to your lawyers. 

That’s what the movie busi- 
ness should be about, accord- 
ing to Menachem Golan and 
Yoram Globus. These two 
Goldwynesque Israelis are the 
new management duo at EMI 
who have made sure they have 
been the centre of attention 
throughout the festivaL They 
say they have injected more 
than £56 million into the Brit- 
ish industry this year and have 
lined up an impressive list of 
prospective pictures; they 
hope to recoup a lot of their 
development money from dis- 
tribution deals signed in 

It all looks like good old- 
fashioned entertainment, 
which will come as a relief to 
cinema managers stuck with 
such ventures as Max Mon 
Amour , in which Charlotte 
Rampling fells in love with a 

The French public is scepti- 
cal about it all. As my taxi 
driver said: “Where’s the ro- 
mance? I'd rather watch a 
football match." He has a 
friend named Clark who was 
christened after Gable because 
Gone With The Wind was big 
in France in the good old days 
before the festival was born. 

Thirty - nine 
years ago the 
dream was so 
simple. A 
bunch of ideal- 
ists decided 
they would like 
to spend a' spring fortnight in 
one of the great beauty spots 
of the western world, eating 
oysters and drinking cham- 
pagne in the company of some 
terrific looking girls and boys. 
White they were at it they’d 

In the limelight: Britain's GoGo cousins — Yoram Globas (left) and Menachem Golan — occasionally dine in cheap tourist restaurants but they still believe in showbiz razzmatazz 

age, however, there are very 
few of these free and un- 
abashed spirits left. 

Even the boats in the bay 
are smaller this year. Gone is 
Onassis's Christina, on which 

and even Franco Zeffirelli 
managed to miss the cake 
ceremony which was the high 
point of the meal given tor 
him and Plarido Domingo 
because he was stumbling 

explains, they drink the lauda- watch some films. They called 
num on page 10 and after that the event the Cannes Festival 

Grace Kelly met Prince round in the dark trying to 
Rainier. Kashoggi’s Nabiia is find a tree for his dog. Life is 
not here and the American made up of such mundane 
Sixth Fleet, which always realities, but the fiction of 
fielded the aircraft-carrier on show business writing dictates 
which Brigitte Bardot first otherwise. Journalists are here 
threw off her clothes, has other for Le Buzz, 
things to do. All that is left is . Will Joan Collins visit 
one small French frigate Regine. whose life story she 
guarding Roman Polanski's may or may not make? Who 
£5.5 million pirate galleon, was the girl Jack Nicholson 
funded by one of the Iasi great spoke to when he asked if 
entrepreneurs, Dino de Prizzi's Honour was showing 
Laurentiis. There is also a this year? (“I don't know". 

• the roller-coaster starts. It is 
one of the British films sched- 
uled by Virgin for release next 
year, and the British are doing 
very well here in the absence 
of any high-profile competi- 
tion from America. At the 

and only 1,500 people were 
there (today there are twice 
that number from the press 

Most of the great characters 
who made film what it was in 
those earlier days had dragged 

entrepreneurs, Dino de Prizzi’s Honour was showing 
Laurentiis. There is also a this year? (“I don't know", 
modest yacht rented by the said the girl “This is the 
British for veteran movie- British stand". “That's all 
makers Michael Powell and right, dear", said Nicholson. 
Emeric Pressburger. who arc “I speak British"). Is Roman 

here to be honoured by the 
British Council. 

British Pavilion, a two-decker themselves out of the ghetto, 
prefeb built down on the They were motivated by a lust 

Polanski living in the Carlton 
or is it the Grande or mavbe 

movie business is get- the Colombe d’Or along with 

beach to celebrate the close of 
British Film Year, they play 
host to every drunken colour- 

for living and they liked big 
busts and big boats as symbols 
of plenty. In this bureaucratic 

tin/old. It comes as a shock to Natalie Delon and Yves 
see that the average age of the Montand? This is the really 
stroller on the Croisette is important stuff of the fesuv 
about 75. They come out of The true cineastes at* 
retirement homes to see the !y Scandinavian"*”^^ 

spend the time between press 
conferences searching old 
book stores forklieg-lit photos 
of stars and discussing the 
meaning of the freeze frame. 
They are the people who 
clucked and tutted the minute 
the British press asked Roman 
who was sharing his hotel 
bedroom with, but they know 
idiosyncrasy when they see it 

For exam- 
ple. they loved.’ 
the studied in- 
convenience of 
Grace Jones's 
invitation to a 
photo-call a 
£20 taxi ride away, where she 
appeared in four shades of 
black against a black back- 
ground and refused to lake off 
her dark glasses-At least there 
is a hint of star quality in this, 
which is more than can be said 
for the girl who handed Roger 
Moore some pictures of her in 
the nude and offered to do 
some typing.jJaJi afternoon. 

full of - 

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Golf Monthly. Aug US 

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CTKl^ova! ^Southern Spain. And where efaeaxJd you go 
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Send tor Tv pnrcnure. A wonaenui i 

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vcee presenrat-on and ”' ay: -- 

„ita r-oce- diSI-a'- St our 
* .nev.'-OP'" - % 

opposite t-i3" xfi 

sights. The young ar-^^cks full of — — — 
elsewhere. v v' , A\ . 

The sound of Cannes is n- ....- 7 r ^-_- , ... „ 
creaking of arthritic bones arj-t p/^/^rv ■ ii \ I 

the bleep of the pocket eaten’ CoLUK 1 HI J I 
tor. No longer the new frc -iy-vr tt> K 1 1 A /C I 
tier, it is musclebound 1 O 1 

insurance agencies run - | 

executives and accountants, £ 

terrified Of not malting ends ? its ever-changing cultures, | 
meet and. losing their golden erb art and beautiful scenery. I 
handshakes. Their talk is only rvel at the c*odc temples of f 

tazz and bored by French 
intellectuals, the British have 
attracted a lot of attention. 
This is largely because of 
Golan and Globus, or the 
GoGo cousins as they are 
known. By a stroke of lucky 
liming they bought EMI just 
before the festival, arrived 
here in the face of Arab 
threats, seized centre-stage in 
an old-fashioned way and 
invited us all to believe in 
their future fantasies. The 
effect this new Cannon regime 
seeks to create is maybe more 
interesting than the troth. 
They believe in old-fashioned 
show business and star names 
- how about Norman Mailer 
for King Lear? 

People will have to get used 
to the idea that there is one 
law for the GoGos and anoth- 
er for everyone else, as young 
British producer Victor Glynn 
has already learnt to his 
bemusement He decided on a 
Hollywood tactic to ensnare 
their interest and took an ad in 
the trade daily to say he had 
been trying to discuss financ- 
ing a movie "J ,l; ■C&S&g&k, 

three years. The new moguls 
responded in the same flam- 
boyant vein and also took an 
ad in which they agreed to a 
meeting on the terrace of the 
Martinez. At that rendezvous 
this week they listened with 
interest to Glynn's proposal 
and asked him to keep quiet 
until the end of the month. 
Then within two days they 
turned round and revealed 
their conversation at the Mar- 
tinez to 3.000 pressmen. 

But can the new duo at EMI 
make any difference to the 
British movie industry? The 
truth is we have heard most of 
i he Cannon formula for suc- 
cess before: a new Agatha 
Christie movie, clean toilets in 

Leicester Square, fresh pop- 
corn. Is that really all the 
cinema needs fora revival? It 
didn't work in the last decade 
of ever-changing studio heads. 

At least Golan and Globus 
are refreshingly unpredictable 
in their personal behaviour. 
On the day they put the 
executive Rolls-Royces up for 
sale in Golden Square, the 
GoGo cousins were spotted in 
a cheap tourist restaurant 
down by the port. The fixed 
menu cost 55 francs. You 
couldn't even buy a melon for 
that under the "old regime, 
over in the places where the 
executives like to play at 

© Tima* Newspopars UM, 1986 


Te-iOi>C‘e — — 

I, a Club Limited S-tvC* C-iv House 

e ; W !6W TelS,,h ”- ai - 

TIM 05& 

of money, not of ideas. 
“Imagine you bad to sell wo 
jumbo jets by Friday. That’s 
where I’m at", says one. 

You can set 
the fear of the 
executives on 
the screen. 
Take a look at 
the titles and 
sales lines of 
the films showing in and 
around the festival this year. 
There is Aids (“too young to 
die"). There is Wanted Dead 
or Ative. in which “a kill-crazy 
assassin has brought a nation 
to its knees". And how about 
Bod)' Count (“the woods are 
alive with the sound of 
screaming’’): or Birds of Prey 
(“their talons rip your flesh"): 
or Screamplav and Siesta 
(“where death is purely a state 
of mind’’/? The list is endless, 
the actors are faceless. The 
subtitles are lhe.stars. 

Such stars as there are 
remain strictly behind the 
scenes this year. But then they 
always have been, staying up 
in the hills in houses rented 
from expatriate friends. They 
come down for their own 
screenings only when the pub- 
licity machine is in full swing. 
Otherwise they remain above 
the bun-fight and the desper- 
ate poseurs on the promenade 
who. in turn, are determined 
that they too will one day be 
up in the hills. 

Meanwhile they must try to 
find a trick that will mean 
more than nudity. There is a 
man who wears two pairs of 
sun-glasses. The Italian girl in 
a Straw boater typing her 
screenplay into a computer on 
the beach. There are girls 
apparently clad in tinfoil and 
countless newly- washed Af- 
ghan hounds. 

Dogs are very big this year 

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Arts Diary 







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Shaping up for the rough and tumble 

The group (lied past the Penman 
immigration desk at lima. Booted 
and anoraked. they all looked 
ready for 10 days in the moun- 
tains; all that is, except the 
American with carefully combed 
white hair wearing a business suit. 

“You’ve done quite a bit of back- 
packing, I expect?” I ventured 
during the five-day acclimatization 
period, throughout which Ray 
resolutely refused to join any of the 
warm-up walks. 

“Oh, I’ve never backpacked!” 
“Well hiking then? You've done 
plenty of hiking?” 

“No, I don't go hiking.” 

Susan was another ill-prepared 
novice. She stared at the canoe and 
then at me. “But I can't sit there; 
It's all wet!" Later, as we hung np 
Our hammocks in a jungle hut, she 
told me she was terrified of 
spiders, frightened of the dark and 

couldn't risk eating any strange 
food In case she became ill 

Unfortunately, that is often the 
reality of trekking. .The increasing 
popularity of adventure travel has 
inevitably led to a similar increase 
in unfit adventurers. 

Lured by brochures and bravado 
or motivated by visions of their 
colleagues' admiration and the 
chance to do something different, 
they close their minds to what ft 
will really be like trekking for 10 
days in the mountains or journey- 
ing deep into the jungle by dug-out 
canoe. WTiere Third World coun- 
tries are involved, travel fitness 
isn't simply a question of going’ 
jogging a few times a week - it's 
(he preparation of body and mind 
for conditions totally different 
from anything at home and in 
locations where emergency help is 

Trekking is a passport to adventure. But for the 
unprepared the risks can outweigh the rewards 

either difficult or impossible to 

The unfit not only make a 
misery of their own holiday but 
aiso«poD it for other members of 
the group, particularly if it is 
obvious they should never have 
signed up in the first place. 

Tour operators, naturally 
enough, are keener to sell their 
trips than to describe the hazards 
and discomforts in store. Most 
brochures are designed to have the 
client reaching for his or her 
cheque book before the dream of 
verdant forests and glistening 
peaks fades to mundane preoccu- 
pations with health and happiness. 

How can one resist this invita- 
tion; “Today's walk is again gently 
uphill as we pass through a 
fascinating dood forest full of lnsb 
sub- tropical vegetation, 
from the forest at about II, 
we continue to a lakeside 
campsite . . ” A more realistic 
description would read: “Today's 
climb brings ns from 7,500ft to 
124500ft. Tie first four hows is up 
an amazingly steep path through 
scrubby vegetation with no protec- 
tion from the relentless stm. Water 
is scarce until the treefine when 
the going becomes alternately 
rocky and b og gy”. 

To be fair, once die deposit is 

paid, the pre-departure informa- 
tion does usually emphasize the 
importance of being fit and comes 
dean on any health and safety 
hazards. Bat few people allow 
themselves to be pot off at this 
stage; and by then it is often too 
late to do nracfa about fitness, both 
physical and psychofogkal 
Whether the holiday torus out to 
be the experience of a lifetime or 
three weeks of nndfinted hefl, 
largely depends on yon. 

Seven points to consider before 
signin g up for that trip miles and 
days from civilization are: 

• Learn to read between die 
lines of a brochure - “simple 

rustic huts” can mean insect- 
ridden hovels, “mountain passes of 
breathtaking beauty” require 
breathtaking effort to climb. Put 
more trust in brochures that 
mention certain discomforts than 
those that make it sound like an 
apple-free Eden. Read other objec- 
tive li ter ature on the area before 
making yoor decision. 

• Ask the tour operator to give 
you the name and address, or 
telephone number, of someone who 
has taken the trip — learn about it, 
and the company operating it 
straight from the horse’s mourn. 

• Dsjsa't persuade a reluctant 
spouse or friend to join yon. 

• In high mountains, beware of 
altitude sickness. In its severe 
forms, it is a killer and only 
experience will tell you if yon are 
vulnerable to it Acxlimatizsdiou is 
an essential part of the pre-trek 

schedule. Ensure that at least five 
days are spent at high altitudes 
(7000 to 12,000ft) before the high 
part of the trek begins and that 
rest days are built into die 
itinerary to allow for gradual 

• Find out if horses will be 
available should a walker foil 3i or 
become incapacitated. 

• If planning a trek and in any 
doubt about your health, have a 
medical check-up. Some tour oper- 
ators require a doctor's signature 
on the application form. Be pre- 
pared to invest considerable time 
in becoming physically fit 

• Don’t choose this type of 
holiday as a means of tackling 
your fear of heights, spiders, 
foreigners, open areas or dosed 
spaces. It may not work. 

Hilary Bradt 

Breathless but on 
top of the world 

T ime was when travel- 
lers could return from 
exotic parts of the 
world with at least a 
tiger's head, an elephant's foot 
or some equally emphatic 
evidence of their fearlessness. 
Strong laws now protect those 
wild animals that were turned 
into ashtrays, wall decorations 
or floor mats, while the trek- 
king industry has opened up 
exploration to the thunder of 
packaged feet through previ- 
ously inaccessible countries. 

The pressure is great and a 
reputation as an explorer is 
not easily won. It is even 
possible for the average strong 
hill walker to bag a Himalayan 
summit. “Mail order 
mountaineering”, as one spe- 
cialist described this latest 
upwards turn in group travel, 
has arrived. 

The expedition organized 
by ExpIorAsia to Paldor, a 
20.000-footer in the Ganesh 
Himal of Nepal, began for me 
at my local gymnasium. Some 
experience of climbing snow 
and ice was required but 
fitness was the most impor- 
tant qualification. 

The place was busy with 
other enthusiasts bar-belling 
themselves into a different 
shape. The Adonis-in-chaige 
gave me a critical scan: “Okay, 
so it's mountains you 
climb. That's legs. lungs and 1 
endurance.” He handed me a 1 
programme and directed me 
towards a line of machines 
which the Inquisition might 
have used on stubborn 

Two months and some 
3.000 miles in British 
Airways' comfort later, that 
torture paid dividends when 
the first slope presented itself 
to my legs at SundarijaJ. a 
village outside Kathmandu. 

The monsoon had caused a 
fair amount of damage to the 
countryside. In the Khumbu 
region to the east near Everest 
it had left an inventory of 
havoc. The severe weather 
had continued into the normal . 

Ronald Faux puts 
by mail order to 
the test in the 
peaks of Nepal 

Foothill folk: children of Nepal 

calm of the post-monsoon 
with heavy snowfalls, high 
winds and freezing tempera- 
tures that caused many casual- 
ties among the early season 

But we were lucky. Our 
small expedition which set out 
early in November enjoyed 27 
dear : calm days out of 28. 
Often the valley far below was 
blocked by a silver ocean of 
cloud from which the high 
ridges we were climbing rose 
like dark sea cliffs. They were 
in fact the outriders to the 
centra] spine of the Himala- 
yas. buttresses to the highest 
zone of permanent snow and 
ice in the world. 

If fitness, or the ability to 
cope with a minimum of 10 
m iles a day of steep climbing, 
was the first essential accli- 
matization was the second. 
Going loo high too quickly 
will be rewarded by nausea, 
violent headaches and severe 

Bill O'Connor, our leader 
and a long experienced Hima- 
layan mountaineer, said 

“Heroics are not impressive. 
Haste rather than speed is- 
important.” He set a gentle 
pace from the start, little more 
than the statutory plod of a 
policeman along those delec- 
table pathways. 

There was six of us in the 
party with a wide assortment 
of jobs, circumstances, hu- 
mour and age, but all sharing 
the same interest in 

From Sundarijal we stepped 
into a world where the most- 
useful task for the wheel was 
to grind com. The pathways of 
Nepal are the only link be- 
tween villages. They thread an 
intricate way along ridges, 
between dizzily cultivated ter- 
races and up the steepest 
slope, but always by the most 
economical way. Few things 
can be more therapeutic or 
rewarding than walking along 
them, watching the views 
change at each turn and seeing 
the white barrier of the high 
Himalayas spread wider with 
each day. 

M ost of the hard 
work was done 
by 20 porters or- 
ganized by 
Mountain Travel Nepal and 
directed by Lobsang, a cheer- 
ful and utterly tireless Sirdar 
from the Sherpa village of 
Kunde. He and Bill O'Connor 
had a fine eye for a campsite 
and each stop surpassed the 
last with spectacular views 
towards the Ganesh peaks. 

The days were warm even at 
10.000ft and il was only at 
night that we felt the bite of 
the altitude and the approach- 
ing Himalayan winter. The 
temperature sank with the 
sun, and in the dear freezing 
air we could watch Orion rise . 
above the peaks of Tibet and 
stride across the sky until the 
darkness intensified and the 
constellation became camou- 
flaged in a myriad of stars. 

The route gradually gained 
height until three days out we 
reached the sacred lakes 


Breath taking: a view of the flat-topped gentle-sided 

Gosain Kund at 40,375ft. a 
place of pilgrimage for tens of 
thousands of Buddhists. By 
this time our legs had devel- 
oped a fairly tireless strength. 

The walking day would 
begin at about 6am with tea 
served at the tent door. It took 
the sun half an hour to hit the 
campsite by which time the 
cooks had breakfast prepared. 
By 7.30 we were packed and 
ready for the next leg. The 
cook would be first off with his 
indefatigable assistant There 
was little to see of him, just a 
pair of bare legs projecting 
beneath a tall clanking collec- 
tion of pots, pans and kettles. 
They would keep ahead of the 
main party and prepare the 
mid-morning break, then cook 
lunch and finally dinner in the 
evening at the next camp. 

We caught our first glimpse 
of Paldor from about 10 miles 
off. a flat-topped, gentle-sided 
summit dominated by the 
surroundings and much high- 
er tops of 
It vyr 

mountaineer and explorer, 
and was not climbed again for 
many years because the sensi- 
tive area near the border with 
Tibet was closed. 

More recently the govern- 
ment added Paldor to its list of 
permissible trekking peaks — 
summits that may be climbed 
without a foil and more costly 
mountaineering permit. 
But20, 000ft is still some 
5,000ft higher than anything 
in Europe and while it might 
not be in Messuer's “Zone of 
Death” it was certainly in 
Faux’s “Zone of 

The inward trek lasted eight 
days following a high semi- 


A ny gardener who appreciates the 
rvalue of good quality tools will be 
familiar with the name of Spear & 
Jackson. They are renowned for a 
variety of tools and outdoor products 
which are designed to give years of 
reliable service. This collection of Spear 
& Jackson tools is made from high 
quality stainless steel, polished to 
perfection and securely fitted to wooden 
shafts which are stained to a rosewood 
hue and deeply waxed for protection. 

T he trowel and fork set each have 12" 
handles, the digging spade and fork 
are 39 Vi" long approximately, and the 
border spade and fork are approxi- 
mately 37" long. The spades and forks 
have forged heads with extra long 
sockets for added strength, and grips on 
the polypropylene handles for increased 

T hese tools combine an attractive 
finish with durability. 

prices Trowel & Fork Set - £2235 
per set 

Digging Spade & Fork - 
£42.95 each 

Border Spade & Fork - 

£39.95 each 

AO prices arc wclushr of pin; and packing. If 
ixvare not satisfied The Times will nfitmJ your 
—Oftfy without question. This offer am only he 
faspatched to addresses in t he V. K. 

Please alia* up to 21 days for delheryfitm 

fXript of order. 

All orders should be sent to: The Times Garden 
‘L, Offer. Bourne Road. Bexley, Ke/u DAS 
J8L £!• Crayford 53316 for enquiries only. 

by thei 

circle of ridges and passes well 
away from die scoured trek- 
king route Into i^miang, an 
ancient pathway whose 
overpopularity was marked by 
a rash of pink flowers that 
turned out to be twists of toilet 
paper. “Welcome to Syabru. 
Welcome to the Turd world”, 
remarked one laconic member 
of our expedition. 

Although trekking in wild 
country may require some 
standards to be suspended, a 
bout of Kathmandu revenge is 
enough to make most trekkers 
meticulous about hygiene. 
Lobsang gave this a high 
priority and at every campsite 
there appeared a tall. Cam dot- 


Details of next season's 
expeditions to a number of 
trekking peaks in Nepal are 
available from ExpIorAsia at 13 
Chapter Street, London 
SW1 P 4N Y (01 -630 71 02). 
Travel is by British Airways 
to Delhi and then on by RoyaJ 
Nepalese Airlines to 

higher peaks of die Ganesh Himal in die Himala yas 

style toilet tent in bright blue 
fabric and. before every meal, 
a bowl of disinfected water 
was placed outside the mess 
tenl. The policy paid off and 
no one suffered. * 

O ver the Brindong 
Danda ridge we 
climbed through 
countryside where 
the path was thick with gar- 
nets and other rock crystals. 
The terrain became wilder and 
the base camp below Paldor, 
which should have been in an 
Alpine meadow, was snow- 
covered. Even so, it was 
impressively beautiful and, 
after a couple of days acclima- 
tizing. we set out for advance 
base camp at 16,000ft. 

The summit day began be- 
fore dawn, dragging reluctant 
feel from the warmth of the 
tent, pulling on windproofe 
and down jackets to keep out 
the frost that hung in the still 
air. Hard ice crunched under 
cramponed boots. The ground 
steepened and we roped up 
into two parties. The pace was 

painfully slow but Paldor- 
gradually unfolded sharpen- 
ing to a final steep ridge that 
ended in an overhang of ice 
that had built up on the 
leeward edge of the summit 
Bill O’Connor burrowed 
through this last obstacle and 
we were at the top. 

It was a narrow ridge with 
the world falling away for 
thousands of feet on all sides. 
To the east was the Everest 
group, ahead the highest peaks 
in Tibet to the west Annapur- 
na and between them all the 
curve of the earth. It was a 
tremendous climax to eight 
days of steady, hard effort 

On the return to Kathman- 
du along the Tiru Danda ridge 
all went well except that some 
thief in the night stole the 
toilet tent. Lobsang explained 
with a philosophic shrug that 
it was unlikely the culprit was 
after privacy. He would be 
after the materiaL Somewhere 
in Nepal someone is walking 
around in a very odd suit of 













l mi iiml :a (amplae miptvt ) | 

(Coyfard) (1322-580 11 

Jihouisjj day — 7 days j wet 

PkasocnJiw Tn»dARirlSeaac:.v5peri« 

UiffiiHE Spadmi £42.95 each 

Digging Fork iii ® £42 93 cacti 

. Bonk* Sjttlrts) ® £39.95 each 

Boeder © £39.95 isch 

icVbwcteqpr'POIurf. nude pjyiNe w The Timei 

GjtUui Toots Offer 

Of dem my Acceu/Vila Nu. 

Sipnamic Expn> Pole 

SoU Li. The TinciCiinlcnT'i+ Otfcr.ftwDc Rad. flaky. liarW5 IBL 

Mr. Mr, Mi* 

... .... ... ... 

ftql (lid 

... k jn a.. 
i ravel Agents says movemi.-,.* 
of charters from Gatwick 
would adversely affect the 
public. The Tour Operators’ 
Study Group, which repre- 
sents leading firms, accuses 
the CAA of discrimination 
against charter airlines and 

:broke Hotels has launched 
„i) Action Extras programme 
of sporting weekend packages 
at many of its 48 holds. 
Activities include sailing, sub- 
aqua diving, windsurfing, wa- 
ter-skiing and parachuting. 
Prices start at £54 for a gliding 


ekend at the Ladbroke Dra- 
■nara Hotel Teeside. 

* Aer Lingus has 
niiouncedfare cuts on routes 
cross the Irish Sea. The 
,89 Super Apex return fare 
between London and 
Dublin is reduced to £85, the 
same as 1983. This fore 
must be booked at least one 
month ahead of travel. Aer 
Ungus is reducing higher 
fores which do not have an 

Florida reductions 

Lower air fares to Florida 
have led to price reductions on 
inclusive holidays Virgin 
Holidays has cut the price of 
Florida packages in June by 
up to £250 and is offering a 
£399 two-week, two-centre 
holiday split between Miami 
and Orlando which includes 
one week’s free car-hire. 

Paris on the cheap 

Paris Travel Service is taking 
advantage of lower air fares to 
cul the price of some weekend 
breaks in Paris by £19 to give a 
basic price of £99, including 
hotel accommodation. The of- 
fer is available only on selected 
British Airways and Air 
France flights from Heathrow 
and runs Jrom June l to the 
end of August. 

Philip Ray 


Jul/Aug from £1299 
Nepal Oct/Nw from £1341 
Darjeeflng Nw tom £1239 

Brochure tram: 


Tat 81-995 3842 (24 fas) 







sct-cwna travel nm@| 

f-l I lIB: 10 Ro«e Orescent CamMdga CB23LL h-™ ^*-1 

& (0223)311103 Telex 81882 PTAHOL ABTMATA 

PAGES 34 & 35 

Paris Fortier 

Fora free copy of an 

a lire on individual 
inclusive holidays to this 
beautiful dry. write to - 

Time OfflUcL, 

2a Chester Close, 
London SW1X7BQ. 

26 days from «tso tours and 

TEL: 01-769 6659 






SpedoSns in Treto and Expadrtioas. 
G«-p», ImArtmch, Sefcoofe. P«w«*rf 
Venice. Cenqpetifioe price*. Nan) 

wim rux i 

R*mm Ti a vel 

Larks Rise. Shroton, 
Btandford, Dorset DTll 8QW 
Tel: 0358 860296 (24 brs) 




• Tide the roof of the wold 
along ancient trading routes. 

• Experience the exhlaratk® 
of reaching 18.000 It. 

• Meet the hardy people# of 
this high mountain Land. 


- — hut that - send for the 
brochure Of worldwide 

(i n Jimliimi 

Dept T, 131 A Hestoa Rd, 

Howls*, Middx TW5 ORD. 

Tel: 81-577 2717 

So much more besides the sea 

Quality hotels, apartments, friendly guest houses. Pine scented chines. 
IvTOtfrousarri^acres^of gardens. Warmer sea -miles of soft dean sand 

Kingston Lacy New Forest 
Health Week June 8*14 
Sophisticated shopping. 

Thomas Handy country. 
Flower Festival June 14- 22 
Sport of every sort.' 


Guide or writer 

DepCiao.BournemomhTouns^Boumemourh BH12SU 



= — — . _ i 

- ...A’ 

■’ 1 . 

••• ii 

( :i 










u %e 



: ^ 


' .. '»!- 

' ’-Is Jfl 

J ■ *’ S'*.. 

Mirror image: perfect peace in a land fit for ramblers 

Camp followers on 
5 the walkabout trail 

* ■ 'V 

The years of squirearchy 
£and serfdom are aJI but over, 
and farmers nowadays are 
more likely to be driving 
Volvos than tractors. Every- 
body knows this, but I felt it 
was taking embourgeoisement 
of the countryside too fer 
when Sue and Dick Frost’s 
leaflet for their walking holi- 
days in Lancashire’s Bowland 
Hills promised packed- 
lunches of pizza and dinners 
rounded off by cheesecake 
“made from our own goats's 

My relief, on arrival at 
finding a sensible, ironic, self- 
deprecating couple was con- 
siderable. Dick's sole concern 
w was to hit on a way of 
supporting his 17th-century 
stone cottage in the village of 
Lowjpj] and his passion for 

Each day. after a cooked 
breakfast in the big tent, Dick 
would shepherd us through 
Bowland’s forgotten farmers' 
tracks while: back at base. Sue 
prepared fine dinners. We 
slept in tents we never had to 
pitch ourselves in fields be- 
longing io friendly farmers. 
Every second day Sue packed 
the entire camp into a van and 
sited it somewhere else so our 
daily hikes, over the week, 
were alternately circular and 
to the next site some dozen 
miles down the vaBey. - 

Our. first walk on the Sun- 
day, lip a wild' moorish hill 
called HawksheadL was cut 
short when the morning dri*-" 
zle turned to a downpour and 
we fled for shelter to a barn, . 
from where Sue's van' collect- 
ed us. Our campsite was 
already on its way to becom- 
ing a communal mud-bath 
and as the wind tore at the- 
canvas and water Seeped in 
around our boots, nOi even 
Sue's excellent casserole could 
lift our spirits. 

But. drawn together by the 
appalling August weather and 
speculation over whether Sue 
and Dick's marriage could 
survive the week, we soon 
’?• found ourselves refishirife the 

minor crises, enthusing wildly 
over each fleeting burst' of 
sunshine and eating like pigs. 
Those who at first feared they 
were too out of practice to 
keep up oq the walks found 
their own pace. Those more 
used to country walks soon 
agreed that Bowland had 
«£nes to rival anything we 
had ever seen from a designat- 
ed path. 

It is rough farmers’ country 
— by which I mean both the 
farmers and their land are to 
be treated with deference. 1 
lost count of the number of 
times Dick made a. detour to 
thank a taciturn landowner, of 
the occasions ! misjudged the 
quality of a mossy surface and 
landed in marsh. 

Making the land fit for 
ramblers comes nowhere in 
the region’s list of priorities 
because, in the normal way of 
things, there are none. On the 
second day’s walk we crossed 
a raging river by suspending 
ourselves- between, two steel 
wire ropes, one at eye-level, 
the other beneath our feet. 
Only the cheery assurance of a 
65-year-old farmer's wife that 
she had used “the bridge”' 
herself only last Christinas 
gave us the courage. 

On the last night, we 
camped near the stone-built 
Domesday • village of 
Slaidburn, - where the 
. wheelwright's forme can still 
be seen and the Hark to 
Bounty' pub- cannot look so 
very different from when ft 
doubled as the local court 
three -centuries ago. As we 
started our fourth meal of the 
day, a: tweed-jacketed figure 
approached and said memora- 
bly. “Lei me welcome you to- 
Slaidburn. fra the * local 
squire” And so he was: he 
-owned the -entire village. 

But Bowland is Jike that. . - 

Andrew BiDen 

Bowland Treks operate for 
six months ayear and cost 
from £1 00 m March to £120 
in August Details from Sue 
and Dtck Frost, Lowgill, 
Lancaster LA2 8RA. 


Become a sucker for squid 

CephaJopods, to put squid, 
cuttlefish and octopus in their 
proper place, have never really 
caught Dn in Britain. Tenta- 
cles. however dainty, have -a 
“monsters of the deep" aura 
about them, and on the 
fishmonger's slab squid and 
its relatives contrive to look 
.even more slithery than the 
rest of the merchandise. 

Appearances are deceptive. 
■ Preparing squid is easier and 
- quicker than skinning and fil- 
leting most fish. And as Med- 
iterranean cooks have long 
appreciated, there are many 
good dishes to be made with 

There is no reason why 
squid should be rubbery. To 
be tender the cooking must be 
very brief, or extended. Fro- 
zen squid which have been 
thawed are easily identified by 
the texture of lne ink in their 
sacs — if it has coagulated into 
ules the squid have been 
It can be reconstituted 
by the addition of a little 
boiling water. 

Small squid with bodies, 
about 1 5cm (6in) are ideal for 

Initial preparation is the 
same for all the dishes. Wash 
the squid in cold running 
water. Holding the body or 
mantle in one hand, use the 
other to grasp the bead below 
the eyes, and pull gently apart. 

Draw from the body the 
transparent pen or quin, and 
any membranes Left inside it. 
Rinse it well to ensure that it is 
fine of sand. Pull off and 
discard the skin, and separate 
the two triangular flaps of 
flesh from the base of the 
body.- They pull away easily. 

Use a knife to separate the 
tentacles from the bead. If you 
want the tentacles to be joined 
by a ring, of flesh, they will 
include the beak which lifts 
out Retrieve the ink* sack 
from the entrails if the recipe 
needs iL Discard the remain- 

Garlic and tomatoes crop 
up frequently in squid recipes 
for the very good reason that 
the combination is; a success- 
ful one. These stuffed squid 
can be eaten , hot. warm or 
cold, and can be reheated. 

Dm lmcdsSbt 

Squid and shrimp salad 

Serves faur 

570g (1 vs lb) squid 


225g (8oz) cooked, shelled 

2 tablespoons chopped 

2 tablespoons chopped 

6 tablespoons olive ml 

1 tablespoon fresh lemon 

-Freshly ground black 

Look past the ugliness for a meal with a 
difference, says Shona Crawford Poole 

Stuffed squid 

Saves four 

4 squid 

For the stuffing: 

4 tablespoon dive oil 

1 onion, finely chopped 

2 cloves garlic, finely 

225g (8oz) ripe tomatoes, 
skinned, seeded and chopped 

2 tablespoons finely 
chopped paisley 

1 teaspoon finely chopped 
marjoram, oregano or thyme 

55g (2oz) fresh 

2 egg yolks 

Salt and freshly ground 
black pepper 

For the sauce: „ ' 

2 tablespoons olive oH 

1 onion, finely chopped 

1 clove garlic, finely 

450g (lib) ripe tomatoes, 
skinned, seeded and chopped 

20 black ottves, preferably 

Reserve the prepared squid 
pouches for stuffing and chop 
the flaps and tentacles 
finely.To make the stuffing 
heat the oil in a frying pan and 
add the onion. Cook gently 
until the onion is tender, but 
not coloured, and add the 
garlic and chopped squid. 
Turn the mixture briefly to a 
higher heat then add the 
tomatoes and herbs. Cook 
gently for five minutes then 
take the pan off the beat and 
stir in the breadcrumbs and 
seasoning followed by the egg 

Divide the stuffing between 
the squid pouches, filling 
them no more than three- 
quarters full. Cose them with 
a cocktail stick or a stitch of 

To make the sauce saute the 
onion in the oil until it is 
tender but not coloured before 
adding the garlic and toma- 
toes. Add pepper and the 
olives, which may be salty 
enough to season the dish. 
Add salt, if needed, at the end 
of cooking. Add the stuffed 
squid to the sauce, turn them 
in iL then cook covered, on a 
low heat until the squid is 
very tender — about an hour. 

Serve stuffed squid with 
rice, or with fresh bread and 

Cut the bodies of the prepared 
squid into rings not more than 
6mm (Min) wide, and the flaps 
into strips of the same width. 
Chop the tentacles into short 

Drop the squid into boiling, 
salted water and cook it very 
briefly: a minute is enough. 
Immediately drain it into a 
sieve and cool quickly under 
running water. 

Mix the squid and prawns 
with the parsley, chives, oil. 
lemon juice and seasonings. 
Mix well and leave to mari- 
nate for at least an hour m the 
refrigerator. Serve the salad as 
a first course. 

Black rice is an apt name for 
a squid risotto which includes 
the ink. For 450g ( lib) arborio 
rice use about the same weight 
of prepared squid chopped 
into small dice . Begin by 
cooking the squid until tender 
in a tomato sauce made with 
at least 450g ( I lb) sieved 
tomato flesh added to an 
onion softened in olive oil. 
The sauce is generously sea- 
soned with garlic, parsley and 
a little fresh chilli or cayenne 

When the squid is tender 
add about 300ml (% pint) dry 
white wine and the ink. Bring 
to the boil and add the rice. 
Cook gently, stirring often and 
adding water, a cupful at a 
time, until the rice is tender. 
Serve immediately. This 
quantity serves three or four 
people as a main dish. 


DOLLS: Exhibitors from nine 
countries with more than 
10,000 toys and dolls on show 
•in the seventh London 
International Convention. Also 
an exhibition of mechanical 
savings banks and vintage 
electric trains. 

London West Hotel. Llifie 
Road. London W8 (01-385 
1255). Tomorrow, 9.30am- 
4.30pm. Adult £3, child £1 . 

FAIR.-S 0 van-hour programme 
in which the highlight is the 
Concorde fly-past 
accompanied by a 
formation ot Spitfires. 
Refreshments throughout 
Biggin Hill. Kent (0959 
71111). Today, tomorrow, from 
11am. Adult £4.50, child 

Benjamin Britten s Young 
Person 's Guide to the 
Orchestra performed by the 
Salomes Orchestra, conducted 
by Malcolm Binney and 
narrated by Brian kay. Also a 
chance to meet orchestra 

Sheldonian Theatre, Oxford 
(0865 241 023). Today. 4pm. 
Adult £3. child £2. 

Indudes heats for the 
Superflt Challenge Assault 
Course races between the 
Household Cavalry and Army, 
marching display by the 

band of the Royal Irish 
Rangers, and musical ride. 
Matthews international 
Equestrian Centre. Walnut 
Tree Farm, Lower Rainham 
Road, Gillingham, Kent (0634 
577131). Today. 3pm (seats 
£3, standing £2) and 7.30pm 
(£5. £3). 

- >and 


catching, cooking, bnning. 
smoking. Fly-casting 
competition and 
demonstration by world 
champion James Tomlin. 
Parachuting display and 
military bands. Bar and 
refreshments throughouL 
Chats worth. Bakewell. 
Derbyshire. For full details, 
telephone 03287 5367. 
Tomorrow. 9. 15am -5 .30pm. 
Adult £2, child £1. 


Among 150 exhibitors will 
be experts from specialist 
organizations giving advice. 

In a "safety arena" 10 different 
aspects or occupational 
health and safety will be 
featured. Many 
demonstrations and working 

National Exhibtion Centre, 
Birmingham (021 780 4171). 
Tubs, Wed, 10am-5pm; 

Thurs, 10am-4pm. Free. 

Jody Froshaug 


country furniture on offer at 
Sotheby's Sussex auction 
'room in BUlingshurst A 15th- 
century coffer and a dole 
cupboard from the 
Commonwealth period for 
storing food are among the 

S ’s, Summers Place, 
urst. West Sussex 
(040381 3933). Viewing today, 
9. 30am- 12.30pm, and Mon, 
9.30am-4.30pm. Sale Tues, 

OLD BLOCK: Drewatts are 
offering furniture from 
Foremark Hall in Derbyshire 
for which furnishings were 
commissioned from Thomas 
Chippendale by Sir Robert 
Burdett between 1765 and 

D re watt's, Dormington Priory, 
Newbury. Berks (($35 31H4). 
Viewing today, Mon and Tues, 
9.30am-4.30pm. Sale Wed 

CHECKMATE: Chess sets 
from as far afield as Mexico 
and India, covering three 
centuries, are included in a 
sale of sculpture and works of 

Phillips. Blenheim Street 
London W1 (01-629 6602). 
Viewing today, 6.30-noon, and 
Mon, B.30am-5pm. Sale Tues 

Flower paintings, porcelain 
with botanical decoration and 
garden ornaments make up a 
special sale mounted by 
Bonhams to tempt visitors to 
the Chelsea Flower Show. A 
painting of dahlias carries an 
estimate of £150 
Bonham's, Montpelier 
Street. Knights bridge, London 
SW7 (01-584 9161). Viewing 
Mon. Tues, Wed, 9am-7pm; 
Thurs, 9am-6pm. Sale Tnure, 

Geraldine Norman 

Barique holiday 
breaks.Half price. 

As normal at this time of year, well be laying on up 
to IS flmhis a day from Dover to Calais or Boulogne. 

Kcium within mo and a half daysrand you need 
orHv pay half the normal fare. 

As little as £57 fora car and 2 adults. • * 

Plt-jsf noic. this offer includes 50% off the time 
li lakes to qei there by terry. As ever 

For reservations and hotel information, see your 
travel agent or phone us on (OJ) 554 7061. 

Half the time Ttoice the style. 

West Himalayan 

Leisurely Hoiks for flowera and bird enthusiasts - treks over high penes far 
fae adventurous - each a ccom p anied by our expert leaders from £1320. 

Brochure on request . 

66 Hungerford Road, London N7 9LP. 01-607 4809. 

Exodus Expeditions 

Walking Holidays Safaris 
Adventure & Cultural Tours Worldwide 

ProbsWy ihg..M*lsg lenae j* Ito efawn hofctoys svaaotato 

Over 30 nmonss m T*m. Bhuran. S*Jwn. Nepal Karfvrir. bdafch. Gariiwal. 

jp. Some for walkers, a* for iho adventurous 

. • K you want your hoSday m be an w panenca. a* 

01-870 0151 (24 hn) 

or write to: opn, 

AO Sabas Pm 
199 Wandaaortk U 
Loads* SW18 4LL 



10 Says £350 

7 t 18 iays frea £228 

Phone, write or tall in 
for our fuU colour brochure 


01-370 6845 



Old 8^or-p:dn Read 
London SV. r l"e. O'-i.’C »5<S 



its ever-changing cultures, 
superb art and beautiful scenery. 
Marvel at the exotic temples of 
the Far East, the ancient ruins of 
Mexico and 'ijara 
Peru, or perhaps (g 
journey coast 
to coast across Canada. For our 
range of fully escorted holidays 
telephone 01-629 0999 
and well send you our 
Escorted Joumevs 
brochure, or van 

any Thomas Cook 
or Frames Travel 

’SO AKrv»Tfi > 




The most stylish, versatile outdoor wear ever. Now 
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designed dotting from Mountain Equipment the 
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Now, enjoy the very best when you visit 
Holland for business or pleasure. 

London. Uvergod Street to Harwich byRaiL 
— Elirtrictiains from 12 May Fast, comfortable, 
air-conditioned direct to Parke* on Qua£ 
modem terminal; Plus "Essex Continental" from 
Shenfiefd Chelmsford and Colchester. 


Luxun t Sealink Ships. 

The brand new Queen Beatrix joins the 
St Nicholas to give you a superb crossing by day 
or night Cruise to the Continent in your floating 
hotel. - with restaurant* bar* disco, casino, 
cinema, plus the convenience of your own cabin. 

Travelling to Holland and beyond will never 
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For further information ask at British Rail Travel Centre* Appointed Travel Agents or phone 01-855 7000 for a brochure. 



Tricky points of order 

Distinguished company, a 
fine lunch and exciting bridge 
combined to make the annual 
match between the Lords and 
Commons, held at the Inn on 
die Park. London, a memor- 
able occasion. This was the 
12th match in a series which 
is always enjoyed by the par- 
ticipants. a tribute to Rixi 
Markus's organization. 

The teams were; House of 
Lords — The Duke of Alholl 
(captain). Lord Grimlhorpe, 
Lord Gisborough. Lord 
Smith. House of Commons — 
Sir Peter Emery (captain). 
Sally Oppenheim, Kenneth 
Baker. Tim Sainsbury, Robin 
Squire, Michael Mates. Dr 
John Marek. Richard HolL 

The Lords, although nu- 
merically outnumbered, es- 
tablished an early lead. But 
the Commons struck back to 
such effect that the margin 
was reduced to a mere 30 
aggregate points at lunch. 

On resumption the Lords 
gave an impressive display of 
disciplined bidding. 

Rubber Duplicate. Love all. 

♦ K54 
T 732 

V K 

4 1066432 

4 1073 
V AO1094 
:■ J964 

4 8 

4 A 0/8 
: js 
'I AOB52 
4 AJ 

A parliamentary 
struggle seen 
by Jeremy Flint 

MhoB Sainsbury Smith 

1NT No 24 
a;- no no 

Opening lead 44 

Some players holding the 
North hand would be tempt- 
ed to bid two no trumps over 
South's reverse of two 
spades. But the absence of 
any fitting cards in South's 
suits correctly persuaded the 
Duke io adopt a more prud- 
ent approach. Lord Smith, 
for all his 19 points, made a 
swift and accurate diagnosis. 
It was harsh that such a 
malign distribution made a 
two-trick defeat almost inev- 

At the other table Sir Peter 
Emery, as North for the 
Commons, was declarer in an 
enterprising three no trumps. 
With the VK marked on bis 
right. Lord Grimthorpe 
found the fine lead of the 
V\0. Sir Peter struggled 
valiantly but to no avaiL 

On ceremonial occasions 
the Duke of Atholl has his 

own band to provide a skid 
of pipes. The pipers might 
have been absent on the next 
hand, but the Duke's dashing 
contempt for danger was not 
Rubber Duplicate. North- 
South game. 

0 KQ1QS2 



Next week’s Chelsea Flower Sho w has a traditional look while innovation is to be found in Stoke 


4 K9 
'? J7S 
v 87543 
♦ 753 

4 01087 
£ A 

4 KJ 10942 

4 AJB3 
V 10862 
v J6 

♦ AQB 

Positions changed for con- 

Sainsbury Smith 

I.S- t+m*-**^**' 


Enthusiasts on the move in Africa 

The Nigerian Chess Federa- wealth Junior Champion Da- 
tion has proved to be one of vid Norwood, aged 17, of 

the most active on the Afric- 
an continent. Under the lead- 
ership of their dynamic presi- 
dent. Chief Sylvan us Olisa 
Ebigwei. the federation orga- 
nized the first Pan-African 
Junior Championship at La- 
gos in 1 9S0. I was arbiter for 
that inaugural event and can 
testify’ to their tremendous 
enthusiasm. A particular fav- 
ourite there is Blitz chess, 
where each player has just 
five minutes to finish an en- 
tire game. 

The Nigerians have now 
surpassed themselves by at- 
tracting major sponsorship to 
support an international tour- 
nament. This was held during 
April at the Eko Holiday Inn 
and resulted in victory for 
the guest star. Common- 

Bo I ion. Norwood scored 

from 9, ahead of Whiteley 
6 1 /:. A further field included 
representatives from Egypt. 
Nigeria, Senegal and Ghana. 
Here is the game which de- 
cided first prize: 

White: Whiteley; Black: 
Norwood. Benson and Hed- 
ges Grand Prix. Lagos 1986, 
Modern BenonL 

I FM34 M-K83 2 P-C84 HI 

a P-OS P-K3 4 N-QB3 P*P 

S PlP P-C3 6 N-B3 WOO 

7 H-Q2 B-N2 1 N*4 04 

9 B-H5 0-K2 1QP-K3 WOO 
11 B-fW P« 12 MO B*3 

II MH B*N 14 EbB 0N-02 
15 0-0 WOM 

To beat Whiteley from posi- 
tions like these, one must risk 
a little. 

18 B-KN3 P-KR4 17 P-R3 P-MSR 
18 PxP 

This is a serious mistake 18 

According to the text 
books, ihe Duke's hand is 
about an Ace short for a one 
no trump overcall. Normally 

he would have emerged with . ._ _ 

a flesh wound. But lobtn Arcadian adventure: ‘Conte 

Squire is obviously not a _ 

man to be trifled with. His A A I __ 

double attracted a club lead K^OTT IO 
from Sainsbury, and accurate m M AM 1. 1 . 1 
defence produced a 500 pen- 
alty which formed a fair por- 
tion of the Commons's final This month sees some of the 
winning margin of 870 aggre- L most exciting days in the 
gate points. ' British gardening calendar. To 

the continuing attraction of 
the Stoke National Garden 
Festival is added next week 
the Chelsea Flower Show, the 
traditional highlight of the 

. Each year we wait on tenler- 

1y . A fLj pn hooks lor ihe third week in 
XU / illivd May for although Chelsea 
always follows the same for- 
B-K2! leaves Black's pawns mat, the content is different 
awkward, with White’s each lime round. Regular 
powerful bishop pair. exhibitors usually change the 

is ... ni » 19B-R2 p-841 style and structure of their 

20 M 2 products so there is always 

Black's position- is now domi- something new to see and 

Arcadian adventure: ‘Contemporary needn't mean barmy', says Brian Yale, whose garden bench is on show at Stoke 

Battle against the elements 


21 BzN HPxB 

More accurate than 21 . . . 

22 N-K2 

Anything else is equally bad. 

22 ... 0x8 23 NxS 0*4 

24 IMQ N-K4 2SP4M3 

25 N-B4 loses to 25 ... N- 
B6ch! For example 26 PxN 
PxPch 27 K-R2 K-N2 

28 KR-KNI R-Rlch 29 N-R3 

25 ... 0*3 28 P-64 H48dl 

27 to* Pxfl 28 M-B3 R-62I 

29 0*2 QzOch X KxQ R-K1 

31 N-01 H-KN2 32 R*3 K-B2 

33 N*2 R- 


White resigns. 

Raymond Keene 

™ — v wmD c — 


Green UNK-STAKES to support 
floppy plants. Safe, unbreakable. 
Used by the National Trust. 

Dept MT Upper Boddngkxi 
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wonder at 

This year has been one of 
the worst on record in the 
build-up to the show. The past 
week or so should have gone a 
long way towards saving the 
day, but I suspect it will still be 
a little short on colour. How- 
ever, this should not detract 
too much from the overall 
impression and many plants 
should be improving right up 
to the opening day on 

Exhibitors can make up for 
lack of warmth by growing 
plants under forced heat, but it 
must be just right. It is a 
skilled operation to make the 
plants grow steadily. Lack of 
sunlight can be compensated 
by producing the right lighting 
under glass, but as this is 
rarely required for most of the 
crops we grow it is often not 
available when needed. Exhib- 
itors in garden areas outside 
the marquee will be a little 
better off, but not much. April 
flowering plants are in full 
bloom now and this means we 

These are some of the best 
stands at this year's show: 
Blooms of Brass Ingham 
features shrubs. Look for the 
new Chotsya temata 
Sundance, which has yellow 
foliage and white flowers. 
Bladbnore aid Langdon will 
show four new Begonias. 
Butterfields Nursery is 
showing orchids and in 
particular the range of plants 
now available from the 
genera Pietone. 

Richard Cawthomo shows 
violas and Violettas — these 
are not for everyone but 
there Is such a wealth of 
colour they wiB remain 
popular for years. 

Hever Castle promise a fine 
display of hydrangeas. 
Highfield Ihneriee are 
showing fruit trees including 
a new cooking apple caUetT 

Hofingtons Nurseries have a 
gourmet's herb garden laid 

The Japan Society of 
London has Lockyer 

are about two to three weeks' 
behind a normal season. Rho- 
dodendrons and azaleas are 
always a feature at Chelsea 
and early this week I saw these 
plants coming into their own 
in a sheltered garden in Cen- 
tral London. 

The wide variety of plants 
oq display will be supplement- 
ed by almost every garden tool 
imaginable and many pieces 



&E. MarchaS has a few 
in t ere sti ng vegetables — 
Asparagus Lucuilus, and 
some beetroot and onion 

stand worth pondering. Their 
silver-fbliaged plants have 
become wed known. 

Treasures of Tenburyte 
clematis are a feature not to 
be missed. 

The Chelsea Flower Show 
will be open on Tues (8pm- 
8am; members only, no 
charge); Wed (8anv4pm, £12; 
4pn>8pm, £8); Thurs (8am- 
4pm, £10; 4pm-8pfn, £6); Fri 

Members will be admitted 
free at any time if their mem- 
bers ticket Is not used on 

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The tiue Wad Golden Ydfaw 
sweet fragrant British Cowshp, 
grown from seed, n qj oy tfaeee 
wonderful primulas in your own 
garden and help to pre se rve our 
wild O ow ei tentage. CJBJHender- 
son & Son aie now booking orders 
far delivery past paid in June, 12 
plants £450, 24 aborts £&50, 50 
plants £17.50. 100 plants £3400. 
We wiD be planed to quote the 
nursery trade and nr large 
ntantfnp pwa M BMi We «in 
poet free our Hat of wiki 
flower seeds and plants. 

Leyden* Nursery, 

Stick HU1, Cowden Bond, 
Edenhridge, Kent TN8 5NH. 
Customers able to visit oar | 
n ur ser y, win normally find that 
they are able to purchase at lower 
prices for collection. 


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Tuesday 20tfc May 
Colour in the Garden - 
Anthony du Gard Parley 
WBdflows are wonderful - 
Franceso G r e enook 

Wednesday 21st May 
Gardens of Vita SodtvBe-Wesr - 
Jane Brown 

The Landscape Garden - 
Christopher Thocker 
Thursday 22nd May 
Development of the Rose - 
Hazel (e Rougetd 
Scented Fologe Plants - 
James Compton 
Friday 23rd May 
PtenT introductions - 
Professor WXSteam 

Lectures wS last 1 hour 

For tickets end further detois 


Tel: 01-352 4347 

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Cuprinol Ltd, Adderwell Frome Somerset BAIL 1NL TeL (0373) 65151. 

There are always a number 
of new roses at this show 
and aM the big names in rose 
growing will be there. 

Fryere^oses and PeS^*’ 
Beales Roses. The following 
are also wed worth a visit : 
Har k nes s Boses have the 
Rose of the Year in Gentle 
Touch, also two winners of 
the Presidents International 
Trophy — Ards Beauty, a 
flonbunda with canary yellow 
flowers, and Rebecca Ctaoe, 
an HT with salmon rose 

Cants of Colchester have a 
new rose called /rtgrW Berg- 
man, which has dark red 
flowers and an HT habit 
Rosemary Roses show 

Playgroup Rose, a yellow 
flonbunda of yellow and 
cherry red scented ftowers- 
The International Garden 
Centre Association has a 
hanging basket competition 
which will be of great interest 
as hanging baskets may be 
the only form of gardening 
for many flat dwellers. 

of sophisticated machinery. 
There are few other times 
during the year when you can 
see the products of nearly all 
the major manufacturers in an 
area of 27 acres. 

The outside gardens at 
Chelsea can give you a lot of 
ideas and make you feel very 
enthusiastic. However, I never 
think enough thought has 
gone into bow these gardens 

nets, nets, nets 

price ire. Ser avr CMipi lutai 

should be maintained after- 
wards: some would be the 
devil of a job to keep tidy. 

The best time to go to the 
show is in the early morning 
or late evening. The grounds 
are much less crowded then 
and you can get a better view 
of the stands.' No children 
under five will be admitted. 

Ashley Stephenson 


in today’s 

The Chelsea flower Show 'has 
become the Milan Furniture 
Fair of horticulture. From the 
designer label delphiniums to 
the colour co-ordinated camel-. 
Das, every plant looks eligible 
for the Crafts Council index. 
Bnt the English garden, it 
seems, is not the place for 
innovative furniture. 

Visitors to this year’s show 

will see several creative garden 

plans, indadmgthe one de- 
signed by Robin Williams for 
Help the Aged, with raised 
beds and pool and shaded 
seating and barbec ue. But 
when it comes to the furnish- 
ing, all is nostalgia. 

Marston & Langinger's 

stand (number 2, Northern 
Road) is In one of their own 
classic conservatories built to 
a Oth-ceotnry design. They 
provide two bask shapes 
, which can be adapted to 
various needs, but most of 
their work is one-off. tocal 
builders prepare foundations, 
but Marston & Langinger 
construct, glaze and erect each 

conservatory. Prices start at 

Josephine Marston has also 
designed traditional willow 
f urnitur e to go into her garden 
rooms — band made by Nor- 
folk craftsmen from £102 for 
an armchair. 

If yon want some really 
adventurous modern garden 
furniture, however, the place 
to go is the National Garden 
Festival at Stoke-on-Trent, 
where Brian Yale is showing 
his collection in the Green- 
house display. 

Yale has an mi usual combi- 
nation of talents, having had a 
foe ails training and a career 
as an environmental designer. 
“It is perfectly possible to 
make modem objects that are 
decorative and charming and 
humorous bnt that are also 
serious artistic additions to > 
garden space**, he says. “Con- 
temporary doesn't have to 
mean barmy.” 

His Arcadia benches have 
sculpted backs adorned with 
reclining, bikini-clad figures; 
he envisages them set ideally 
against a yew hedge — a 
classical idea brought up to 

At die moment Yale' is 
working on a set of bird tables 
and baths to relate to buildings 
of all periods, complete with 
Georgian colonnades, Tudor 
thatched roof Of. Hollywood- 
style mini swimming pools. 

Beryl Downing 


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Between the trees in your orchard and around 
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a choice 


Over the yeare I have tried 
hard to appreciate Chablis. I 
have no trouble recognizing 
the finesse of a great grand cm 
Cnabus. with its greeny-gold 
colour and delicious vegetable 
flavours overlaid with a clas- 
sic, cheesy taste. It is all those 
dreary, acidic, sour, over- 
pnced Chablis and petit Cha- 
blis wines that l object to . 

Giving your taste buds the 
pleas ure of experiencing a 
peat grand cru Chablis is 
likely to cost £12.50 a bottle. 
And at that price, even leading 
wrae merchants like Lay & 
Wheeler, who carry a range of 
grand cru Chablis, find it 
impossible to recommend 
them to customers. 

- In recent years the Chablis 
vineyards, especially those of 
the premiers and grands crus, 
have been greatly expanded, 
and many feel this had led to a 
dip in quality. After these 
come the straight Chablis 
appellation and, finally, the 

design which 


For those who have the 
mon<ar to find out what the 
grand cru Chablis fuss is 
about, I suggest a visit to 
Majestic Wine Warehouses. 
The fine ’83 Chabl is grand cru 
Bougros from the respected 
firm of Lamblin & Fils is 
priced at £12.95, but its clear, 
zingy, Chardonnay fruit fla- 
vour, backed up by that grassy 
Chablis taste and steely finish, 
does make it textbook 

Majestic also carry the ’83 
J.Moreau St FQs Vaimur 
grand cru. Soft floral and 
cheesy, this is not in the same 
league as the Lamblin offer- 
ing; but at £13.99 it is perhaps 
worthwhile, as it goes up to 
£14.89 shortly. 

Sainsbury's well-made *83 
Domaine Monteede Viviers 
Chablis, at £5.45, has a lovely 
green cabbagey smell and taste 
and makes a good summer 
aperitif and a good first course 

Similar m style is Marks & 
Spencer's *84 Chablis from the 
well-regarded La Chablissfene 
co-operative. Its pale greeny- 
gold colour is backed up by an 
elegant fresh green vegetal 
style; and at £5 JO it is, along 
with the Sainsbury's *83. as 
much of a Chablis bargain as 
anyone is likely to get this 

Jane MacQnitty 

Vlfe-are not a Gankin Centra. Ws are 
a . TracEtioaal. Ram - Prod u ction 


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, In mi era of mass produc- & 
uon. finding original modern & 
furniture is almost a lost cause 5 ’ 
— unless, that is, you uim 
patron and commission a 
designer to make something 

But if you want a special 
table or chairs, a nig or a lamp, 
how do you find 1 a designer- 
craftsman who is on your 
wavelength and set about the 
business of commissioiiing? 

Sharon Plant, who runs the 
Aspects gallery in Whitfield 
Street, London, which special- 
izes in commissioned work, 
has come up with a panacea 
for the frustrated new individ- 
ualist at a bouse in Highbury, 
North London. 

With a background in gal- 
lery administration in Oxford 
and the Crafts Council, 31- 
year-old Sharon started As- 


f f -J - T I Wl f * 1 U A'i 

We found that people liked 
what they saw in the gallery, 
but very often couldn't visual- 
ize it in their own homes”, she 
says. "They would go away 
and think about it and then 
come back — sometimes 
months later - ready to buy, 
and by then the piece was 
gone. The same was often true 
for people wanting to commis- 
sion items. You could show 
them slides and drawings and 
models, but they still found it 
difficult to imagine the end 
product in their own home 

Early last year, Sharon and 
her marketing manager and 
husband, Steve Penny, decid- 
ed to move house — and, 
ingeniously, to use the oppor- 
tunity to solve this recurring 
problem. They bought a dere- 
lict. semi-detached Victorian 
family house near the Arsenal 
football ground in Highbury 
and transformed it into a 
showcase for modern British 
design . 

Here, in ten rooms which 
will be on view from next 
month, prospective Aspects 
clients will be able to see the 
work of 50 designers in every- 
day use — mom , lights to 
doorhandles, tables to beds, 
ashtrays to firepokers. Every 
4tem-4ms been specially de- 
signed for this house. 

Many of the. designers in- 
volved in the 1 Highbury 

'■ ; !i . 

M ,V 


Vt . 

Rare talent: Sharon Plant 
in the bedroom of her 
Highbury house, with 
some of the specially 
commissioned objects. 

From left to right: Throw 
of cotton linen fabric in bold 
random stripes, by Helen 
Yardley. Textile screen in 
delicate apricot designed 
and printed by Bev Houlding 
using wood and mirrors, 

£590 .Padded sofa in stained 
and lacquered woods, by 
Rnth and Tony Nielson, 
£1,500. Standard lamp and 
smaller metal disc reflector 
light, by Mike Stevenson, 
£200-£300. Flat ceramic torso 
with grey smoked effect, by 
Christie Brown, £280. Tall 
Gothic chair in black 
’painted wood, by Tony 
O’Neil, £600. Ceramic 
spoon in splodged apricot, 
bine and green, by Angus 
Snttie, £25. Ceramic oval dish 
with incised grid design 
decorated by Jacqui Ponce let, 
£500. Ceramic high sided 
bowl in black, cream, pink 
and green splash design, 
by Janice Tchelenko, £250. 
Tufted long rag. by Helen 
Yardley. £265 per square 
metre. On Sharon: papier 
macltebracelet in speckled 
jade, by Julia Manbeim, 

£200; postcard brooch, by 
Otto Kanzli, £10. 

project have put their own 
money into the venture. For 
some it has been an expensive 
enterprise. Bob Pulley de- 
signed a massive metal, glass 
and laminate table as the 
central element in Sharon 
Plant’s dining-room: “In real 
terms of the materials used 
and my time, it probably cost 
me near to £5,000”, he says. 
“But a small limited run will 
pay for it And then you have 
to remember that it is some- 
thing I love doing.” 

Brian de la Cour has de- 
signed a remarkable series of 
doorhandles for the house- in 
Highbury: for each door a 
different handle, shaped in 
wood and perspex, to tone 
with the door's structure and 
colour. The handles will seD 
for £50 to £80 each. “I suppose 
you could go out and buy 
some mass-produced .door- 
handles for a few pence each”, 
dp la Cour says. “What you are' 
paying for with these is exclu- 
sivity — for something that no 
one else can have.” 

Phillip Wright is a visual 
consultant who. has been com- 
missioning furniture, jewel- 
lery, clothes and lamps for IS 
years. “There was a time when 

everything was a work of 
commission, but the British 
appear to have forgotten that 
tradition” he says. 

Art of commissioning 


“I commission because I 
want something that is a one- 
off piece", he says. “There are 
wonderful mass-produced 
modern designs on the mar- 
ket, but nothing can have the 
character of something made 
specially for you. 1 also believe 
one is supporting British arts 
and crafts at the same time." 
Although the Plant's house is a 
showcase for very modem 
styles, it is quite possible to 
commission work from more 
traditional designers. It might 
sound a bit pompous, but 
when you commission you are 
a patron in the old sense 

There are certain key rules to 
follow if you are thinking of 
comnrissioamg a piece. These 

be sure you and your crafts- 
man understand each other. 

• Compare prices of similar 
objects in galleries and stores. 
Set yourself a limit and stick to 

• Try to have a dear idea in 
your mind about whether the 
object Is decora tire or func- 
tional, where and how it is to 
be seen and used, and are its 
shape, colour aud size right for 
you (for example, if ft is big, 
will there be a great problem 
getting it into your house?). 

• Smaller items usually only 
require a ample agreement. 
For larger pieces, yon will 
probably be asked to pay an 
advance (craftsmen need mon- 
ey to buy materials), and 
sometimes in instalments. 
Most craftsmen are easily 
approachable and settle for 
uncomplicated agreements; 
some prefer to have galleries 
acting as agents. In either case 
ask the specialist craft centres 
for advice. Never enter into a 
contract unless you are com- 
mitted to your decision. 

Aspects, 3-5 Whitfield 
Street London W1 (01- 
580 7563). Open Mon-Fri, 
10am-7pm, Sat 10am-5pm. 
Slide index for clients 
wishing to commission. Acts 
as a go-between for both 
client and artist The house in 
Highbury will be open from 
mid-June by appointment only 
- telephone 01-354 3073. 

ceramics, weaving, knitting, 
embroidery, furniture, wood 
carving and turning. 

Supplies brief descriptions of 
the work of various artists. 
Provides guidelines on 
commissioning and a 
specialist advice service. 

Sharon Plant is firmly con- 
vinced that that tradition of 
commissioning can be re- 
newed: “The British have 
iheir eccentricities, but gpner 
ally they know what they like 
and want”, she says. “It’s just 
that they tend to chicken out 
and settle for something sec 
ond best It's not a question o: 
money — a commissioned 
work can cost the same as 
something similar in a storeT 

• Select your artist or crafts- 
man because you know his 
work and like it, or from 
photographs and slides from 
the crafts centes. If you feel 
uncertain, make a shortlist 
and arrange meetings. First 
meetings cost you nothing, but 

• The end product usually 
arrives on time. But sometimes 
the craftsman has to waft for 
special materials or something 
goes wrong; and sometimes he 
simply takes longer to get it 
the_ way he wants ft. Have 
patience, bat do not be nervous 
about checking on progress. 

The Crafts Council, 12 
Waterloo Place, Lower Regent 
Street, London SW1 (01- 
930 481 1). Open Tues-Sat 
10am-5pm, Sun 2-5pm. 

Slide Gbrary holds more than 
‘20,000 slides of artists 
working in a wide range of 
areas. Including 
bookbinding, calligraphy, 
leather, precious metals, 
musical instruments, pottery, 

The British Crafts Centre, 

43 Earlham Street London 
WC2 (01-836 6993). Open 
Mon-Fri, 1 Gam-5. 30pm and Sat 
1lam-5pm. Mainly 
concerned with textiles and 
ceramics. Provides an 
information service on 
commissioning and 
suggests individual designers. 

The Design Council, 28 

Haymarket. London SW1 (01- 
839 8000). Extensive library 

839 8000). Extensive library 
of slides open to the public by 
appointment. Specialist 
advice available for substantial 


t&L-Sea Island Cotton 

A hj am of lafe; anil mim e 1 WHI hwb tiifo twri 6 m irkmi i 

' f "‘eiasfuu, c Bwks; 1 

The ultimate Break for lovers of - 
fine wine, in the breathtaking Loire 

Sail from Portsmouth to Caen and 
stay three nights in Angers with dally 
visits to the finest local vine- yards, 
where you will be a welcome guest 
Accompanied by a wine expert 
yon wQl taste the wines, discover 
their secrets, buy them locally and 
visit wine museums, enhancing your 

knowledge amid the intoxicating 
Renaissance settings of the 
Loire Valley. 

All transport in France is by luxury 
coach and accommodation is in a 
good hotel with dinner and break- 
fast Two lunches, with wine, are also 
included at the caves: 

.Departures: 22 June, 6 July, 

24 Aug, 2 Sept The price is £139 

8t 5 Oct (intwm boteJ room wnti bam'Showei;"WC) 

VfeVe hundreds more 
fascinating Breaks from - 
Portsmouth and Plymouth 
in our marvellous new 'Big 
Book of Breaks: Fbr your 
copy ring (0705) 751708 

Book today-ring (0705) 751833 now 
or see your Travel Agent 



Wharf ttaadJYjrtsrnoiith PC2 BRU.ia-.lOTOffl 827701 

, A tu i range oS bides and mans 100% pure bated Sea isfenri cotton stets 
art WftwOT n vans styles:- Sateless, short and tong storms. 3 
Mton tow Mh altar. Round neck, vetch, tinert. brie neck, and polo 
necfc atona iaMe. The tegest setaton o I plan cotom art stripes 
naSaKE from sax* hi the country, made ereteivety by Joftn SutwHey in 
i Deitijstare. prices from E17O0 to £24.00 plus £1.50 per order for P&P. 
Sin tram Mns to 4&ns. SAL for toil (feuds art round samples, 
ptoasa stan Mes. mam or both. 

\ If— 1 v * ARM CMP. Custom Postal Service. 

(DqK Til), The Myites. 11 Wahn find, BEDFORD MKOI 1EG. Phone: 0234 47526. 


HJUyGU^AVTEH3*R«D«JVIWCrT^rtSW i teU«i»c0 Cff.VTP IffCP 

To: Siwo Mist. 0forJJ302HrES'05T Honham. « — Wiaai 

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w Suaw RH12 g&W: Honham (MtB) Kao ESS Solid Timber- Solid Valne 


- at a trim price. 

A perfect finish to your lawn has always been easy with a 
Qualcast Concorde RE. 

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Its simple to fit and it turns the normally back breaking work 
of trimming edges into a leisurely stroll. 

Leaving your edges as neat and tidy as the rest of your lawn. 

And if you buy a Qualcast Concorde RE during May 19S6, as 
a special introductory offer the edge trimmer will trim 50% off it’s 
recommended retail price. 

Otlia- aiaiLaMc Irum all leading DIY slores Superstores. HjnJw.ire.smn> and Mail OrderGiUlogu,-.. 

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completed guarantee card and cheque or postal order for £9.95 to: r — — 

Lawn Edge Trimmer Promotion, Qualcast iXaun Moivere} Ltd, \ ioOrO® 10, , 

SunnyhilJ Avenue, Sunnyhiil, Derbv DE 3 7 JT. \ P E ffigy j 


TbA8rfmmiesiJci.a£x»ur8No.6 2 6CnortwoaKH«xL 
| Sussex RH192H3. , j 

Nome i 


j ^_PDstco« : (plflDS8): : I f _ | 

1 ^Agrurames ** 0 ^ 2 *™*^ — J LRing 0342 28644(24fx»rs)J 

Please make chequcs/PO’s payable to Qualcasl tLavvn MowenO Ltd Allow \ 
28 days for delivery subject to availability. Redemption must be made before \ 
30lh August 1586. Failure to comply with these conditions will invalidate' 

theofiec 'A%M)hlln‘BrMUiluaiikn\l3LhiiuT, Bnuiil Vum 




Overseas Travel 




h ffiMt Mb ri baadpfeta) hotels ad '|‘* *• BnftiM inataHM inMr MMidHB 

gtoyaiaflfe k^tgb.SVt^ 

popdir takes b Europe) wtttart l*efe»gr»gVe ten packaged. -f 

Late bookings w elcom e.' 


15A church STREET. A Jfr Tjwatfe, Costa dd Sol 

RUGATE, SURREY RH2 OM XlTE^DA j Mga . Rhodt*,V«ntiae 
TELEPHONE: /ILLC&Kw «* HaopcN ta a Rtmtans 

07372 21 323/21 S34 tT» l ■ « Sk»y and Lapart Turkey 

MYA liin _ ATM. ax, 


YOU CMOS* from 900 IHMU'-ruk Uba 9 or 3 CUT. 

VOU ctmw Cron mm terry ni.nlun 
YOU aioeu a fixed Macrary. a ana or two c en tre hrlMty 
or a "t» at you ttan* tour . 

YOU choove bad & bnadM or rant French ottnt MK board. 
VOU ciiane me day and Dm yon leave and MngDi of year way. 
m than, a nawaaat hetidaw «m am Die Bwoun oC Franc* 
and no restriction* -and- On cost b wainwy low. 

Brochure (ran A to B TravnJ (S-Ton. 11 Pskneks Mwiln, 
Hove, Sana Or TeL0273-72SB88 



innf L 

2 n :5-S ::::h:s £235 ^ 
MAY 2J A:r K <J<,; £i3? 





Indulge yourself... you 
deserve it. A weekend 
in Venice, Florence, or 

Ear well .drink well. 

| FREE brochure from g 

| Magic of Italy, | 

I Dept TT, | 
a 47 Shepherds Bush B 
1 Green, W128PS | 

I Tel: 01-749 7449 ■ 

(24 hrsservke) I 

SHIATHOS. hrtio. Alderney Is- 
lands 01 S3&-VSa3- AST A. 


Horn: Canada £189. Caribbean 
£599. norma £299.1. A & San 
Francisco £309. New York 
£256. Dallas £330. Houston 
£999. Australia £369. Fly 
ftiw Hotels oil request. 

inter Allas Travel Tel; 01-493 
0071 Visa welcome. 

TAKE THE OFF to Paris. Am- 
sterdam. Bruaefs. Brunei. 
Geneva. Berne. Lausanne. The 
Hague. Dublin. Rouen. Bou- 
logne & Dieppe Time Off. 2a. 
Chester Otoe. London. SW1X 
7BQ 01 236 8070 
CYPRUS May /June I or 2 wla 
Hotels/ Apts Scheduled (UghlS 
Pan Worm Holidays Oi 734 


with good food m excellent loca- 
tion In the Balearic* and S. 
France Can Ol 299 0214 for 






Tel (0789) 764909 

MENORCA Cavan Porter, cancel- 
lation. 30th May 13th June, 
coml villa, steeps 4-6. £100 
pw phone alter 6 pm. 

MAJORCA Puerto Pollensa 2 bed 
apLpool. vac July/AuQ/SepL 
Reasonable Tel 0277 362769. 

MINORCA Private v illas at su- 
perb location nr coast Budget 
Prices Car Avail. 02403-7193 


SOUTH YDKHIK. Private Villa. 
Sips 6 Nr Beach, s pool, balco- 
ny £135 pit 051 428 6649 

LANZAROTE Puerto del Carmen 
Apartments to «. Pool Sea 
view. Near harbour. FUghts. 

0439 661634. 

Prime position, tanned, book- 
ing. Tel 0702 548S82. 
Tenerife South m Playa d* la 
Americas Tel. 0922 418850. 



AUG Gilev apt-., sip 2-10 A Guest 
rro. Cottage to Chateau. David 
Newman 0903 7S4818 ABTA 
DORDOGNE deOghtful cottage 
available Scot to OcL Details. 
TelOl-648 6790 Or 688 8053 
LANGUEDOC Medieval home, 
sleeps rami 1 1 of 5 Med. 15 km 
Ol 629 6085. 0359 70905. 



PORTES DU SOLES- Attractive 
chalet aoartmenL m Val auurr. 
nr Champery . w« (wkm A 
fully egutpped. Beautiful view. 
Large balcony. Ideal skiing or 
summer. Sips 4. Sun details A 
photo. TeE 01*467 4497. 

ALPINE HOMES - Luxury apart- 
ments in mountain resort, ids 
2-6 TH 0703550920 



FROM £125pp 

CRETE & SXIATH OS. Beautiful 
wlas & apis dose to Nonas 
teaches. Some FREE efikf places. 

teaches. Some FREE tfokfptaces. 
FREE windsurfing in Crete. 
Availability throughout the 

0403 53788 



Nairab. Jo*BUTg. Cairo, Dubai, 
Istanbul. Singapore. ILL DdhL 
Bangkok. Hong Kong. Sydney, 
Europe. & The Americas. 

Flamingo Travel. 

3 New Quebec Sl MaiWc Arch 
Leaden W1H 7DO. 
01-402 9217/18/19 
Open Suanhj I6JM-I346 

sica ■ Perfect cthnale. fabuloui 
watersports. superb food, un- 
l Drilled wine Fantastic bargain 
prices loc May and June- dqa. 
Biacton Lutes Travel. 

01 786 2200. 


Hobday- Greek Wanda. Ca- 
nary Hands and Turkey. 
Tims way HnOdaysl 09231 

771266. ABTA 

o w £395 tin £645 Auckland 
« w £420 rift £774. Jo tMlfti 1 
o w £264 nn £470 LatAnoe 
levo w £192 rtn £380. London 
FMQM Centre 01-370 6332. 


bouse sips 4 s. avail wb/mUily 
summer rnilal. Beaptiful set- 
bng. easy access lo lake 
Trasimeno. Sienna A Florence. 

•Write to Simmons. via 
Pomarancio 3. Rome 00197. 
Tel 106*3613766 3277825 

TUSCANY - 2 flats with gdn area. 
SIps 24 In beautiful FatHria nr 
Siena. 1st (Uk acrom. Avail 
July Aug Ol 249 0806. 

HCMA/CAPRLAI1 grades of ho- 
tels & character pensions. 
Hobday Blands 01-8364383 

KimC^y + 



ROL)NCtF'«'-‘<C£iC> | 

£ 49 £ 49£49 


Corfu 18/5 

Faro 18/5 

Athens 19/5 

Tel: 01-828 7682 
Airimk Holidays 

SWITTEHl AND Scheduled fliqbtt 
01-724 2388 ABTA ATOL 

SYD/MEL £618 Perth £545 AB 
motor carriers lo ALS NZ. 01- 
584 7371. ABTA 

las in Algarve with staff A men 
pools. Hlhrw fits 22 May 2 whs 
Palmer A Parker 01-493-672S. 


’rr'k tter 

■ KTQfN 

bmiiFSTQRM EK99 

rSdti d dad Dm t u -fitat EB3B 
-OR EM 70 
-Etgmg 1088 

m 1 abk ma yta 


V / ames Gamas. 

V J aoEmsnestuit - 



t / 


Palma fr CIO 

when d comes lo ar r angin g 
special pries tor WhtaN 
wens ROM 09 RBB» : 


SI 4M<t26(Mn» 



ai t CUI T H B ON Ughu/hols 
lo Europe. USA A nod dtJBna 
Ham. Diplomat Travel: 01-730 

01 486 9356 



Save with Swissair’s 

Super Apex. 

London to Zurich or 
Geneva dafly on con* 
venknt afternoon 

And daily flights 

(except Sundays). 
Book and pay 14days 
before departure. 
Stay in Switzer 6nd 
at least ontil the 
Bookings and fuB 
travel agents or 

01 - 4379573 , 


Self catering mobile 
homes, holidays avail- 
able throughout 

France, all dates avail- 
able. Free brochure. 
Tekron Travel Ser- 
vices. 12 Grosvenor 
Road. EtUngshaU 

Park. Wolverhampton. 
WV4 6QY. Telephone 
Sedgley (.09075) 3701 


ury apartment. 2 dooMr 
bedrooms. Stems 5 All 
anvnmltm £150 p.w. Trie- 
phonc- 01-936 1891. 

bedroom flaL sleew 2. M view. 
10 minutes beach. £100 pw. 
Tel: Ol 221 0560. 

ESTARTTT, CosU Brava. WeO-ap- 
pointed apartment to let Close 
beach, shoos. From £126 pw. 
Wendy Wrtpg: 0283 840 634. 


Sawdersfoot, Dyted 
AA*** RMT* 

One ol Wales- foveSast re- 
sort hotels. 48 bedrooms 
(ndutfing some srtes), 8* 
with b a thro om , cotour and 
satellite TV, radio, teie- 
phone, hair dryers- Relax 
to our healed pooL Activity 
holidays - Golf, fishing, 
safltog. eyettog, riefng. 

For colour brochure and 
short break leaflet please 
write or telephone; 

0834 812304 

DORDOCftE AREA 18th Oentury 
Farm houses, beaut con to 3 cot- 
leges, sleeps U16 667 8871 

MntMMR/CAWtES. Flat sips 4. 
Bak. Bejch. Pool. Peak dales 
avail 104291 836466/836367. 

Palmer «, Parker blue book. 
Available In Algarve. Marbella. 
South ol France. U.S A A West 
Indies Most have staff, all have 
private pools 1 none arc cheap. 
Brochures ,049 4811 5413 



BARBADOS Summer "86 Ir 
£476pp l hr 118. s c villas 4 
Aplv Suracl Grot Brochure 
Sun Living (09051 20452 24 



400*7*. 2 dm, a a, sule 

baths luxury for four, Lounge, 
hiirhen. own pool New la an 
dates. Archer: 0Z76-73I94 or 
<1276 261749 anytime. 

FtWPU.Nl ERA. Beaut stone butlt 
tor. mag -sea view, beach 15 
tmrM. sleeps 4. £id&£185pw. 
Ol 229 1642. 

Majorca, quih house, idynic 
surroumuntii. siren a. smaU 
pool From £ieo pw. Guildford 
<04831 893093 ot 3S965. 


bargains lor June A July Au- 
gust av4H mo French Villa 
Centre !7SSetsdon Park Road. 

ST- TROKZ Luxury house 
among vine yards. 3km beach- 
rv Accom 8. pool, large garden 
Service*. From FT 1 0.000 pw 
July 4r Sept. OI 937 2706 or 
0793 770161 

BUNGALOW to let. Costa Del Sot. 

»p 5 pom uara cua tae on com- 
plex nr MarbeBa. Nr moot sea 

Shore SlOOpw Ph 06tM 414309 

CITE, nr BLOtS A Loire Chateaux 
st» 5. all comfort. June & Sera. 
fUdaulL 41 190 Landes- le- 
Caukns. France. 


June Bargains, suu some high 
snnon avallabtUly Juai France. 
■03731826283. , 

la nuns beach and tllHs. super 
views, garden. lumtstungx. 
Sleeps 4.6. TeL-<042482V417 

Nr » Tnptt Studio sleeps 2 + 2 
separate bath kitchen wr large 
pmH_24 31 May 12 Jut Sept 
£1 IO 140 Pti 062S SZSOOZ. 

I %. FRANCE. Charming small cot- 
uu- nr Beaers on i> : acres 
Sip* 5. avail June Oct C1ES 
pw. oi 7690919 afler 2-OOcm 

5. FRANCE. Deluxe farmhouse p. 
pool, sip-i 8 ti. special May 
June price £400 p.w. Can oi- 
299 0214 

9UFRAHCE BeaufafuQ village toe. 
nr vm. lakes. May Zd^hoie ia, 
dp 6. £150.00 pw. IQZ23I 

ANTIBES Carden Flat 9pt 4. XQ 
runs beach A centre. From 
ElOO pw. Tel: 023587-279 

PAXOS H J. AND Private visa vlcM 
2 4. Superbly sduaied In own 
seaside one trove. Avan be- 
tween 1st July - August 5th. Tel 
Lymmgion <0590) 23178. 

CRETANSIM - Finds rul Greece - 
contact me specialists (or 
w.Cneie A undiscovered 
Cavdos bland. 0706 59644 x. 

PAXOS. Oaos. Self cat e ring 
house, stps 2 8. avail 2a 27 
May on. Corfu a La Carte 0635 

CORFU BA WC ABt £159 lor a 
beautiful villa 18 May A 1st 
June 1 wk ex Carwtcfc. Last few 
seats. Open Sacs Ol 734 2562 
■after 4pm A Sun Ol 736 2464) 
Pan -World Hotldays 

CVCMBJMmoi, Paros. 
Naxos. kn etc vuiaa. 

TavernavA P ensions. Simcty 
cheaper. Slmsdy Super' Simply 
Simon Holidays. Ol 373 1933 

CORFU BEACH vlUa sips 2.16 
Kaslopi area from KSSoo pw 
Phone. 0905 840661 

evg. w lends 

change try mainland Greece 
Acromodattan from £30 pw. 
03917 4248. 

6 4. £223. 2 wka. Free 

w surfing. caN Sun Total 
>Q93gi 231113 

GREECE. Lunpottl islands, cheap 
flights. villa renuts etc. 2eus Hoi 
wiayv OI -J34 1647. Aid Alio. 

MTKONOS. Anarrmenl tor 4 8 m 
town. Direct flights SJmnJy Si- 
mon Holidays. OI- 373 1933. 

RMODESLuxury apt hotel from 
5JS. 0 Blnc Tel: Strama 0705 




mb to Dtsney Oct 5-I2U) 2 bed- 
room vifla sleeps six details 
brochure Ring 0592 742756- 



Unspoilt, Interesting, 
and very pretty " 

. The London S isndird 






««w suwa w» se 

01-94013% mow 





villas & Apartments from 
£195 per week. 

CaH Now 

0923 674310 










e 75 






£ 75 



E 79 





■ ww 










£ TO 



01-580 0722/6713 

J.e '/ { fr/tt (< it /tft 


Bonpies of our cmqxBtne rates indude: 

— too £« p> Catm IJGLIdm St pv 
m * *—** fflRNti MW— brat 02 p 

datWn and tuftion £170. For 
details telephone 02608 2792 

ARCHEOLOGY. Learn to (tig In 
Galloway Jut - Aug- Delate. 36 
Lapwing Lane, innctmtfr 20 
061 448 57S2 or 061 225 ' 

Cottages af UMsraal 

ft Baphftt Character 

Pooeki barrtet n tfw teart of 

'ESJj'gJtSj ^ •Mi 

HWEy cononea wnn cho wm 
ctern. Also one bedroom cottage. 
Lovingly restored & cared tor tv 
John and Nancy JtSH. .- i 
Trenokc Green 
Loos. GomrtL 

Tel: (0503) 20333 | 



Cl Mi BANK Spectacular views, 
nr C h e m ea te r, vey comfort- 
able. hixurknaty eoupped. 
gallery, oak beams. Indoor gdn. 
£350490 pw bfc 028577 274. 

quirt village wm> FWd and 
Docks. 3 dm house avail May - 
June. Mtverden (028082) <57. 

dJteareiul vlllape.vtowsJjnen. 
CTV.c h. Tel: f£BS6J 760670. 



Over 1*4 dffim cf dw ] 
most afifam people Istbe 
c wiiy gadtfaedasBffied 
cotems «f Tin Toes. Tfte 
iofiowmg categories appear 
regilxrfy every week, asd 
are geoeraBy ac c om pa nied 
by referent effiorial adkfcs. 

Ure the eoupon (right), 
and find ont how easy, fast 
fise in The l^nes Cfasrified. 

w | g yl , i , > g ? j i * > | i.w 1 ! '■ 





. iv — , 


■ -j* "••* ; ?(r> >. 



t -* 




by the 
poet . . . 

Grants 18, The Snap 
Revotutkm b' ' 

(Penguin, £3. 

For a poet and an 
intellectual, James 
Fenton has a re- 
markable taste for 
an unsedentary lift 
and the rough 
places of history. 
„ He persuaded 

Gnutia to send him to the 
Philippines before the elec- 
tions were even announced, 
because it ftlt as though it was 
the sort of place where some- 
thing might be going to 

Odd stories were coming 
out of the Philippines. Pirates 
came from there last year to 
attack a city in Borneo. Ships 
sank with catastrophic loss of 
lives. People from all over the 
world arrived to have psycho- 
surgeons . rummage through 
their guts. Holy War in Min- 
danao. Communist insurgen- 
cy. Manila a brotheL 

Fenton thought he would 
arrange a decent holiday and 
go out to lake a look at this 
interesting place. The idea was 
that he would have the Philip- 
pines to himself. There would 
be leisure and spade to work at 
his own pace. He would 
watch, and wait, and observe. 

'll did not work out that 
way. He arrived for the elec- 

with past 
and future 

Nova by Samuel R Deiany; 

The Sirens of Than by Kurt 
Vonnegut; More Than Human 
by Theodore Sturgeon 
(Gohancz, £2.95 each) . 

. Future worlds are difficulrto 
maintain. Delicate juggling is 
needed to maintain the iUu- " 
si on of an imaginary world 
and to do so requires a burei of- : 
sustained i imaginative ferocity 
found only in one of the Golf- 
ancz Classic SF reissues- re- 
viewed here. 

I do not underestimate the 
difficulty of such feats of 
legerdemain, ll is, of course, 
harder to project yourself for- 
ward into a world of which 
you have had no experience 
than it is to select aspects of 
the past 


THE WEEK AHEAD By Peter Waymark 

Mixed motives in a murder 

tipns and stayed for the revo- 
lution, causing the Ltferary 
Editor of The Times pain and 
grief at being deprived of his 
lead reviewer. But it was 
worth it for this poet's eye- 
witness account of history 

He was first into the Presi- 
dential palace after the faH 
His loot included a towel with 
the monogram of Imelda. and 
a letter to President Marcos 
found by the grand piano, , on 

which James played . Bach's 
Prelude in C while the popula- 
tion of Manila rioted outside. 

This hot-off-the-street ac- 
count is, as you would expect, 
splendid. Fenton has a sensi- 
tivity and sympathy for all 
sorts and conditions and races 
of men. His original eye sees 
the oddities of war, and jour- 
nalism, and guerrillas in T- 
shfris .watching videos of 
Rambo on their Betamax in 
die jungle. 

He is funny, and clever, and 
mischievous, and humane. As 
always he is shaip-eyed look- 
ing inwards at his thoughts 
and feelings, as well as looking 
at the wond outside. He is the 
most professional of amateur 
war correspondents, a true 
though unusual journo, top of 
the trade. When be arrives in 
town, prudent dictators pack 
their bags and quit. 

Philip Howard 

Classical dissection of 
a diverse language 

The State of the 
English Observed 
Howard (Penguin, 

Making fcmKurt V< 

Samuel R. Delany’s Nova 
falls at the first anachronistic 
fence. I refuse to believe your 
average 3!st-century space 
jockey would spend much 
lime discussing Byzantine his- 
tory and the relative merits of 
SpengTer and Toynbee. Why 
does Mr Deiany feel it neces- 
sary or desirable to drag howl- 
ing into the 31st century the 
whole rag-bag of his strictly 
contemporary (1968) obses- 
sions: W. B. Yeats's tarot, 
“Grail Books”, and so on? 
And why do 31st-century 
proles speak a curious form of 
bowdlerized bog-Irisb? 

Mr Deiany would have been 
well advised to avoid the 
character who forever dictates 
notes — 10,000 pages of them 
— on “an archaic form (The 
Novel) capable of vanished 


artistic”. AD a bit dose toihe 
bene.- . - 

The Sirens Of Titan (1959) 
may not appeal to hard-core 
sci-fi addicts, since it does not 
take itself very seriously. Knrt 
Vonnegut ^however, a genu- 
inely funny writer who, while 
poking gentle fun at the genre, 
comes up with more original 
ideas than may be found in a 
whole library of his succes- 
sors. One is thankful that the 
liberties taken with relativity 
are tongue-in-cheek and con-~ 
sequently less provoking than 
the metaphysical speculation 
one encounters in Nova. 

The cover of More Than 
Human (1953) has caused a 
stir among my acquaintances. 
They believe the pallid indi- 
vidual portrayed is a terminal 
sufferer from the Almighty's 
latest — and most savage — 
reminder that sex equals sin. 
Most have shown a disinclina- 
tion to touch the book let 
alone read it. 

This is unfortunate, since it 
has die quality of imaginative 
ferocity referred to above. It 
also has the inestimable 
virtue ofbeing a gripping read. 

Adam Carr 

First published In 1984, this 
exceedingly useful and down- 
to-earth study of moe brood 
areas of the Englfc 
has now appeare 

The nine areas — re gist ers 
■ (the forms of language used in 
particular, soda] circa m- 
stances), slang, jargon, dialect, 
dichi, euphemism, grammar, 
spelling and punctuation — are 
tilled with traps for the un- 
wary. But Philip Howard ap- 
proaches his themes with 'foe 
confi d ence of an Olympic har- 
dier: fleet of foot between the 
hurdles, with bold aggressive 
Efts as the eqradistant obsta- 
cles loom up, and a stylish 
rictorioos dip towards the 
finishing tape. 

The andfence win appfamd 
his classical allusions (“secre- 
taries perform elaborate ex- 
changes of stycAomytkuF) 
and, famiUaritaxis causa, will 
forgive him for revealing the 
main Greek and Latin words 
for the male member. 

The literary Editor of The 
Times has read innumerable 
books and has written many 
himself. He has built his own 
word-empire and has thou- 
sands of followers “from Chi- 
na to Peru”. He knows tint, in 
om- multidiakctica] society, 
one dialect — Received Stan- 
dard — is given astounding 

He doesn't quite say 
(though I feel sure he is on the 
way to recognizing it) that 
paradoxically the other dut- 

■ lects, for from having been 
snuffed oat, are flourishing 
and have now become the 
darlings of linguistics profes- 
sors. He is rightly sceptical 
about those who seem to think 
that the English language was 
invented by Ferdinand de 
Sa assure in Paris or at any 
rate by Noam Chomsky at 

Any gaps? Well, by 1984, be 
did not seem to have read 
much about discourse analysis 
or about the tree diagrams of 
generative grammar - the 
dazzling new approaches that 
leave Old Grammarians 
wringing their hands. 

The New Grammarians do 
not understand the nature of 
linguistic suffering, the kind of 
pain that people, especially 
those over the age of 40, feel as 
the subjunctive withers away, 
and who/whom, may/might, 
and all those old 
“inconvenient” distinctions 
die because they are no longer 
taught in schools. 

This book shows a profes- 
sional understanding of the 
nainre of linguistic change. He 
does not cheer while “received 
meanings” are becoming 
“unhinged”. He docs not de- 
scribe a play as a “text” or as a 
“discourse”. Classically, fas- 
tidiously, methodically, be de- 
scribes what he sees before 
him, the richness and diversity 
of. the language of a million 
books and m 300 million 
native speakers of English. 
And, as a bonne bouche, there 
is quite a lot about the ancient 
Greek and Larin tongues as 

Robert Burchfield 


The recently deceased Otto 
Preminger enjoyed a curiously 
divided reputation, being 
lauded by some critics as one 
of the supreme film artists and 
dismissed by others as shallow. 

There' is some truth in boih 
views. Preminger at his best 
did have an enviable com- 
mand of the medium that 
went beyond mere craftsman- 
ship: at his worst he could be 
insufferably pretentious, re- 
ducing noble themes to a 
numbing triviality. 

His most successful films 
were those in which be did not 
try to reach too high. Critics of 
all shades can happily unite in 
praise of the black thriller, 
Laura, and there would proba- 
bly be a similar consensus on 
his 1959 courtroom drama. 
Anatomy of a Murder (BBC2, 
tonight, 10.20pm- 1.50am). 

Anatomy is an appropriate 
word, for the film is not only 
the record of a trial but a 
discourse on the mechanics of 
justice. Even when the verdict 
is reached, we are left in 
considerable doubt as to 
whether the accused was inno- 
cent or guilty. 

The games 
they play 
on the box 



Baffling: Stewart and Reraick in Anatomy of a Minder 

The doubt is even shared by 
the defence lawyer, played 
with a delirious mixture of 
shrewdness and bafflement by 
James Stewart, and it is 
through that character that we 
try to make sense of the trial. 
Like him, we are disconcerted 
by the army officer (Ben 
Gazzara), accused of killing a 
man who may have raped his 
wife but constantly forfeiting 
sympathy by his truculent 

We share, too, Stewart's 

impatience with the wife (Lee 
Remick). whose claim to be a 
rape victim is compromised 
by her own sexual provoca- 
tion. Tbe ambiguity of charac- 
ter and motive stands at the 
heart of the film, enriching 
what might otherwise be little 
more than a helping of Perry 

There are other striking 
performances from George G 
Scou, in his first important 
film part as the prosecuting 
counsel, and Joseph N. Welch, 

The KUVngof 
George (1969): Beryl Reid as 
soap opera star on the skid. 
With Susannah York (Channel 
4. today. 1 0.55pm- 1 .25am). 
The Gentle Sex (1943): 
Rosamund John and Joan 
Greenwood in a wartime 
tribute to the ATS (Channel 4, 
tomorrow, 10.30pm- 

The Men hi the White Stitt 
(1951): Ealing comedy with bite 
about an indestructible 
fabric (BBC2, Wed. 6-7.25pm). 

• Heat and Dust (1982): 

Julie Christie looking for her 
roots in Imperial India 
(Channel 4. Thurs, 9.30- 

• First British television 

who plays the judge. Welch 
was a real judge who came to 
prominence during the Mc- 
Carthy witch bunt 

The film is notable also for 
what, in 1959, passed for 
daring language and a score by 
Duke Ellington. 

The ingredients are mixed 
by Preminger with such cine- 
matic skill, particularly in his 
discreet but telling use of the 
camera, that a very long, and 
by its nature, very talkative, 
film hardly ever palls. 

They set off like a trip to the 
seaside, a coach party of rau- 
cous bonhomie fest approach- 
ing hysteria. But they will not 
spend the day in deckchairs 
and bikinis. They are the audi- 
ence for a television game 

In the studio tbe build-up 
becomes steadily more frenet- 
ic, reaching its climax in an 
orchestrated chorus of Land of 
Hope and Glory. “It’s the 
people’s television”, booms 
William G. Stewart, the 
show's extrovert producer, 
and indeed it is. 

When The Price is Right 
goes on air. 15 million will be 
watching and it cannot be 
greed, as the show's detractors 
claim, because not one of 
them stands to win the fridge, 
car or dream holiday. 

This behind-tbe-cameras re- 
velation of how television 
uses - some would say manip- 
ulates — ordinary people, is 
contained in a new Channel 4? 
series. Open the Box (Mon, 
10-llpm). It also looks at the 
audience at home and fans of 
the gullible zombie theory of 
television viewer will find 
plenty to confirm their view. 

But while soap addicts may 
weep at Bobby's demise in 
Dallas, other viewers healthily 
resist the pull of the box by 
sweeping the carpet, playing 
the (lute or making tea. 

The onset of summer is 
usually a fellow time in televi- 
sion schedules but A Very 
Peculiar Practice (BBC2, 
Wed, 9.25-10. 15pm) promises 
to be an exception. A seven- 
pa rter by Andrew Davies, 
mainly known in television 
for adaptations like To Serve 
Them All My Days, it takes a 
satirical look at a bunch of 
medics on a university cam- 

Joining the team of self- 
servers, incompetents and a 

Taking stock of 
post-war Japan 


Learning to keep the faith 


The Kingdom of the Wicked 


This account of tbe first years 
of Christianity was written, 
the author says, partly for ifo 
own sake and partly in antia- 
pation of the television series 
A. D. It is a boisterous descrip- 
tion of life under the Roman 
emperors from Tiberius to 
Vespasian, showing the bu- 
reaucratic fumbling of the 
system and the brutality so 
casually exercised 
The story of early Christian- 
ity is narrated as if by a 
contemporary who lakes a. 
pessimistic view. “A faith was 
born and then died” . he says. 
“It was slaughtered by Jews 
and Romans alike ” Surpris- 
ingly. it is ibis sense of failure 
and pessimism that brings the 
story to life. ... 

The bony is just stimulating 
enough to give a new edge to 
the rather dreary business of 
Paufs missionary journeys. 







01-200 0200 

• fan TOUR 

Disgng Hp tint past: Anthony 

Burgess and Penelope Lively 

and it is rather a refief to find 
them described here asa bit of 
a flop. Anthony Burgess is 
adept at filling in what seem to 
be scholarly details and tie 
emphasizes the greatness of 
the story by making us realize 
how it once seemed rather 
pathetic to people at the time. 

FBtfty Engtisb by Jonathan 
Meades (Triad Paladin, £2.95; 

“A chicken that is killed by 
being swung round and round 
by the neck will evacuate itself 
and so leave a thin doacal trail 
all across the wails and tbe 
ceiling (the colour of a dis- 
eased lung) and across tbe 
bursting sofa . . That is a 
feiriy typical opening to a 
Jonathan Meades story. His 
style is elegant, controlled and 
stylish. He is revolting, most 
of the time, in a way that 
makes one gasp but not stop 
reading. . 

Most of the stones are about 
nasly people doing nasty 
things. In one t of them the 
narrator is a dog who has been 
specially trained to take part 

in pornographic films,. He 
manages to give a very dear 
idea of tbe details of bis 
professional activities without * 
ever departing from a tone of 

The Drover's Wife by 
Murrey BaH (Faber. £3.95; 
Murray Bail's stones are care- 
fully worked out precise, dev- 
er, sometimes too clever. The 
simpler ones are the most 
lively. One called “Healing” is 
about a near crash between 
two bicycles. Slight though it 
is* the author manages to tell 
us a lot about the lives, 
personalities, aspirations and 
affections of all the characters 
involved. Such a dazzling 
piece of story-telling is worth 
more than all the others — for 
all their cleverness. 

Treasures of Time by 
Penelope Lively (Penguin, 

How can. one generation eval- 
uate the life and ideas ofj 
another? How does any biog- 
rapher judge the nature of his 
subject's relationships and 
emotions since his knowledge 
must be pieced together from 
the memories of different 

These, are familiar ques- 
tions. Penelope Lively takes 
them on by creating a group of 
characters (nought together in 
the making of a television 
documentary about the work 
of an influential archeologist 
now dead, but still weD re- 
membered. Much of the story 
is told through flashbacks and 
the recollections of various 
members of his femilv. 

It all starts off firmly 
enough but the unravelling of 
the story leads to a mish-mash 
of loosely connected .bits of 
narrative and a set of increas-' 
ingly dispirited characters 
who seem to’ be trying hard to 

Anne Barnes 


Prizes of the New Collins Thesaurus will be given for the first two 
correct solutions opened on Thursday, May 22, 1985. Entries 
should be addressed to The Times Concise Crossword Com- 
petition, 1 Pennington Street, London, E1X9. The winners and 
solution will be announced on Saturday, May 24, 1986. 


1 Go in front (4,3,4) 

9 Tornado (7) 

10 Exxm high gear (5) 

11 Pastry dish (3) 

13 Otherwise (4) 

16 Become vague (4) 
t7 Delivery circuits (6) 

18 Practice exam (4) 

20 Verucca(4) 

21 Niche (6) 

22 Team (4) 

23 Dull ydtow (4) 

25 Business (3) 

38 5tream(5) 

29 Hermaphroditic (7) 

30 East/West, border 
. (4.7) 


2 Faulty (5) 

3 Food (4) 

4 Speak tediously (4) 

5 Biography (4) 

6 Lucerne (7) 

7 Complete dnection 

8 Hankerfbr(&5) 

12 Inside (6) 

14 Aircraftirao (3) 

15 Cores (6) 

19 Corpse (7) 

20 Fabric mesh (3) 

34 Wombs (5) 

25 Sifted husks (4) 

26 Indian draught ox (4) 

27 River mud (4) 

Dr Jock: Graham Citreden 

strident femininist who 
blames all illnesses on men. is 
a willing but innocent GP 
(Peter Davison). Graham 
Crowden plays Dr Jock 
McCannon. the dipsomaniac 
head of the practice. With 
echoes of Lucky Jim and The 
History Man. but well able to 
stand bn its own feet A Very 
Peculiar Practice is comedy 
with a serious purpose. 

Not many fim-dass cricket- 
ers turn to writing plays, let 
alone with the skill of the for- 
mer Derbyshire opener. Peter 
Gibbs. His latest is A Walk 
Under Ladders (ITV, to- 
morrow, 10-llpm), which 
launches a second series of 
single dramas under the title 
of Love and Marriage. 

Confirming Gibbs's pen- 
chant for perceptive character- 
isation and wry humour, A 
Walk Under Ladders looks at 
the contrasting marriages of 
two sisters — one chaouc and 
the other dull — and a sudden 
crisis that threatens them. The 
wives are played by Patricia 
Garwood (silly Beryl of the 
sitcom. No Place Like Home) 
and June Barry. 

With a nice sense of timing. 
Omnibus (BBCJ, Fri, 10.20- 
!l.I5pm) profiles Menahem 
Golan and Yoram Globus of 
the Cannon film company, 
which has just taken over the 
ABC cinema chain and Bstree 
studios. The programme is a 
reminder that film moguldom 
did not die with Darryl F. 
Zanuck and Sam Goldwyn. 







Nigel Stock, who spent part of 
the Second World War fight- 
ing the Japanese as a major in 
the Indian army in Burma, 
takes on a different Japanese 
challenge in Ynkio Mishima’s 
The Damask Drum (Radio 3, 
Fri, 9.20-I0.05pm). 

It is one of five plays written 
by Mishima before his ritual 
suicide and uses forms of tbe 
classical Noh theatre to exam- 
ine post-war Japanese society. 
Mishima belonged firmly on 
the right of the political spec- 
trum and his death followed 
the failure of an attempted 
military coup. 

The Damask Drum is a 
study of tormented love, with 
Nigel Stock playing an old 
caretaker who falls for a beau- 
tiful young woman he sees in 
an office window. Stock can 
also be beard tomorrow (Radio 
4, 230-330pm) in a repeat of 
Rattigan's The Browning Ver- 
sion, with Barbara Jefford. 

In New Jerusalem: A View 
of the City (Radio 3. Thors. 8- 
8.45pm), Oxford sociologist. 
Professor A. H. Halsey, exam- 
ines a dream that failed. From 
the early Victorian era the city 
became an almost mystical 
ideal that would promote tbe 
socially desirable goals of a 
fall material and spiritual life. 

Towards the end of the 19th 
century the garden city move- 
ment gave an even more optim- 
istic gloss hot now the inner 
city realities are deprivation 
and sqnalor. Halsey sees it es- 
sentially as a political failure 
and there are also views from 
Jane Jacobs, the leading critic 

of the modern American dty, 
and Professor David Down- 

The past, present and fatnre 
of Nato is examined in a three- 
part Radio 4 series starting to- 
morrow (10.15-1 lpm). Nato: 
A Time for Change is a timely 
appraisaL The product of the 
Cold War. 

Drawing on historical ar- 
chives, tbe first programme 
looks at the roots of Nato in 
the break-vp of the wartime 
alliance between the Soviet 
Union and the West and consi- 
ders the extent to which Na- 
to's architect was not Bevin or 
Truman, hot Joseph Stalin. 

A Danish Childhood (Radio 
4, Toes, 8J0-9pm) presents a 
portrait of the composer, Carl 
Nielsen, based on the memoir 
of his early life which he pub- 
lished in 1927. One of 1 2 chil- 
dren of a pom- form labourer, 
he used anisic to escape the 
hard life of the land, becoming 
a boy bugler in the army before 
going on to the conservatoire. 

Fleet Street has changed so 
modi since Lord (Hugh) Cud- 
lipp bowed out 12 years ago 
that his memories of die place 
in Headlines. Deadlines (Ra- 
dio 4, Fri, 8^04k45pm) have 
almost a period feeL Editor of 
tbe Sunday Pictorial at 24 and 
grading light of the Daily Mir- 
ror when it was the best-sell- 
ing paper in the land, he offers 
a valuable perspective on to- 
day's circulation battles. 

This Week's Composer (Ra- 
dio 3, Mon-Fri, 9.05-1 Oam) is 
a tribute to Edmund Rubbra, 
who died in February. An 
unrepentant tradlonafist who 
had fallen out of critical favour 
in recent years, his contribu- 
tion to English music is ripe 
for reassessment. 

ACROSS: 1 Eoosk 5 Policy 8 Cur 9 
Trivia 10 Obtain 11 Thin 12 Day Lewis 14 
Teasel 17 Swings 19 Surround 22 Lift 24 
Unjust 25 Client 26RHA 27 Exedra 28 

DOWN: 2 North 3 Savings 4 Scandal 5 
Proxy 6 Litre 7 Chiming 13 Law 15 Equi- 
nox. 16 Edo 17 Sidecar 18 111 wind 20 
Round 21 Ultra 23 Final 

The m nnm of prize concise No 9*7 are: Mrs L. 
Alien. Saltshurv Driw. Easnrick Park. Evesham. 
I* ' orcesienhircr and MrsJ. Parsons. St. 
Lcodcgar's Way. Hunsion, Chichester. 

SOLUTIONS TO NO 947 (last Saturday’s prize concise) 

ACROSS: 1 Watercourse 9 Harrier 10 igloo 21 Pit 13 Oral 26 
Grit 17 Ersaiz J 8 Olio 28 Fake 21 Guinea 22Riod 2JTutu 25 
Sew 28 Piece 29 Realist 30 Pudding Lane 
DOWN: 2 Aorta 3 Epic 4 Carp 5 Unit 6 Solaria 7Chrono- 

' i 8 Tout de Suite 12 Imem 14 Leo 15 Assume 19 Tonneau 20 
24 Union 25 Seed 26 Wren 27 Waft 

■Name _ 

Daily winners of the 
competition, and the 
booksellers who supplied 
their entry forms for the 
8th to 14th May are as 

Jane Brittin, East Kilbride 
(John- Smith & Son, 
Byers Road, Glasgow) 
C.J. Moore; Perthshire 
(The Scots Pine, 

Mrs R.C. Tompett, Kent 
(Army & Navy Stores, 
Victoria Street, London) 

S. Steiner, Middlesex 
(John Smith & Son, 
Byers Road, Glasgow) 

H. Forbes, Giffnock 
(John Smith & Son, 
Kent Road, Glasgow) 
Mrs I. Fogartcy, 

KThe Scots Pine; Perthshire) 



‘Hats off to John Mortimer. 
He’s done it again’ 



His glorious comedy of 
English life and manner s. 

‘A thumping good yam’ 









3 ? ft tf if Mn Ynnor » — »*» 

Birtwistte’s long awaited The Mask 
of Orpheus finally gets Its world 
premiere with the ENO. Elgar 
Howarth conducts the mufti- 
layered score of orchestral and 
electronic music. Coliseum 
(01 -836 31 61), Wednesday, 7pm. 

iMi Up- 


Redgrave is back in the West End to 


S *‘-**% v 

DOG DAYS: Matissethe dog co- 
stars with NickNoltB and Bette 
Mkfler in Down and Out in Beverly 
HiUs (15), a re-wortdng by Paul 
Mazursky of Jean Renoir’s 1932 
classic, ooudu sauv6 des eaux. 
Odeon Leicester Square (01-^30 
6111), from Friday. 

RISING STAR: Donnhy Dunnett 
starts a newsequence of her 
Immaculately researched and ; 
cteftly plotted historical romances 
with NkxokyRisihg (Michael 

adventurer through the turmoOs 
15to century Europe. ~ - 

MODEL FIGURES: Lucian Frond 
is represented m an exhft)ition of 
artists and their favourite models. 
Pictures by David Hockney, 

are also Included, ina 
GaBery, Manchester (061-273 
4865), from Friday. 





Hulce, star of the film Amadeus 
and creator of the rcrfe of Ned 
Weeks in the first American 
production of this Larry 
Kramer play about reactions to 
Aids, taxes over the role from 
Martin Sheen as the Royal 
Court production transfers to 
the West End. 

Albery (01 -836 3878). Previews 
today (matinee and evening) 
and Mon. Opens Tues. 

THE ORPHAN: Revival of 
Thomas Otway's study of rival 
love and jealousy, first staged 
in 1681. 

Greenwich Theatre 
(01-836 3028). Previews Wed. 
Opens Thurs. 

Williamson's satirical comedy 
about crusading newspaper 
men and the commercial 

E ressures they face, comes to 
□ndon after Australian 
success with its original cast, 
Wyndham’s (01-836-3028). 
Previews today. Opens Mon. 


DOUBLE CROSS: Stephen Rea 
excels as both Brendan 
Bracken and WiHiam Joyce in 
Thomas Kilroy's historical 
diptych of Irishmen on the 

Royal Court (01-730 1745). 

Dowling's famously camp 
Dublin production of Gilbert 
and Sullivan waives the rules 
with Paul Bentley, Alan Devlin 
and John Kavanagh. 

Old Vic (01-928 761 6). 


Spirits: World premiere of a 
stage comedy based oq the 
popular television comedy 
series. Denis Ramsden directs 

Paul Shane, Ruth Madoc 
(above), David Griffin and 
Linda Regan. 

Alexandra (021 643 1231). 
Opens Mon. 

Jumbo: Robin Glendinning's 
prize-winning portrait of 
agonised adolescence in a 
wonderfully vigorous 
production by Nicholas Hytner. 
Manchester Royal Exchange 

Every Man in Ms Humour: 
John Caird directs the Ben 
Jonson comedy, with Tony 
Church. Philip Franks, Paul 
Greenwood and Joely 

Swan (0789-295623). 



BIGGLES (PG): Captain W. E. 
Johns's flying ace makes an 
uncertain screen debut 
alongside time-travelling 
gimmicks and a rock ■ 

Plaza (01-437 1234). From Fri. 

(15): The bizarre, poignant and 
true tale of a 19th-century 
Frenchman brought up as a 
female by misguided parents. 
Everyman (01-435 1525). From 


VAGABONDS (15)Agnte 
Varda’s bleak but compelling 
account of a teenage 

wanderer’s last weeks, 
superbly shot with a powerful 
performance by Sandrine 

Renoir Russell Square (01-837 
8402), Minema (01-235 4225). 

CARAVAGGIO (15): Derek 
Jarman's long-awaited film 
about the work and scandals 
of the 16th-century painter. 
Lumiere (01-836 0691). 

thoughtful drama from Roger 
Corman's stable, with Jamie 
Lee Curtis as the other woman 
in an extra-marital affair. 
Directed by Amy Jones. 
Cannon Tottenham Court 
Road (01-636 6148). 


BALLET: Sheffield season 
continues with The 
Sleeping Beauty until Tues, 
followed by four days of 
CoppeSa. Matinees today, 

The Big Top, NorfoBc Park, 
Sheffield (0742 730244). 

entertaining thriller, with Michel 
Serrault as the police 
investigator who falls in love 
during a murder investigation. 
Cannon Premiere (01- 
439 4470). 



ROYAL BALLET: The triple 
bill of MacMillan ballets. 
Concerto , Lb Bafser de la 
f6e and Anastasia, is given 
Mem, Thurs. On Wed, 

Bintley's Sons of Homs , with 
Ashton's Birthday Offering 
and Month in the Country. 
Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1066). 

Rosemary Butcher (today and 
Sun) offers a retrospective 
of her work over the Iset ten 
years. Slenvan 
Schuytenburch and LesBe 
Bryant present a joint 
programme (Thurs-May 24). 
Yolanda Snahtre joins 
Simon Case! Fri and May 24. 
Riverside Studios. 
Hammersmith, London W6 (01- 

C tea bury conducts the RPO in 
Mendelssohn's Hebrides 
Overture. Handel's Water 
Music, Dvorak's "New 
World" Symphony, and PhiNp 
Fowke solos in 
Rachmaninov's Piano 
Concerto No 2. 

Barbican Centre, Silk 
Street London EC2 (01-628 
8795, credit cards 01-638 
8891). Tomorrow, 7.30pm. 


Simon Rattle's "Apres PApres- 
Midi" series with the 
Philharmonia Orchestra keeps 
moving with Messiaen's Et 
excpecto resurrectionem 
mortuorum and Ravel's 
complete Daphrvs et Chfoe. 
Royal Festival HaH. South 
Bank. London SE1 (01-928 
3191 , Credit cards 01-928 
8800). Mon, 7.30pm. 

Nash Ensemble celebrates 
Richard Rodney Bennett's 
50th birthday with 
interpretations of Delage's 
seductive Po&nes Hindoos , 
.Stravinsky's Suite Jtalierme, 
Bennett’s own Sonata After 

Wigmore Hall, 36 Wiamore 
St London W1 (01-935 2141). 
Tues, 7.30pm. 

LEVI/SUH: Yoel Levi 
conducts the LSO in Borodin's 
Prince /gor Overture and 
Rachmaninov's Symphony No 
2. Ju Hee Suh solos in 
Tchaikovsky's Piano Concerto 
No 1. 

Barbican Centre. Thurs, 

sonatas by Beethoven (Op 31 
No 2). Schubert (D 664), 
Schumann (Op 22) and Berg 

Royal Festival Hall. Fri, 


opening concert of the Bath 
Festival has the Chilingirian 
Quartet playing Mozart's 
Quartet k 387, then they 
are joined by Jean-Ciaude 
Pennetier (piano) arid Regis 
Pasquler (violin) for 
Chausson's Concerto Op 

Guildhall Banqueting Roon. 

Bath (0225 63362 or 6641). 

Fri, 7.30pm. 

KNOCKS: Yoshito Chuma 
(above) and her dance 
company from New York, 
remembered for their 
extraordinary Five Car PBe-Up 
with masses of local - 
volunteers in the 1984 Dance 
Umbrella, with six non- 
dancers from vaudeville, 
cabaret and straight 

ICA Theatre. The Mall, 

London SW1 (01-930 3647). 


FOUR: Japan seen as an 
emerging post-war power 

photographers, who also 
give due regard to their 
nation's myths and culture. 
Serpentine Gallery, 

Kensington Gardens, London 
W2 (01-402 6075). 

QUEEN: A birthday celebration 
mounted by Kodak of more 
than 100 photographs, 
including some gems by 
Snowdon, Lichfield, Karsh and 

Royal Photographic 
Society. The Octagon, Miison 
Street, Bath (022562841) 



Michelangelo. Leonardo and 
Raphael brought from the 
museun’s store- 
British Museum. Great 
Russell Street London WC1 
(01-636 1555). From Thurs. 

Royal Institue of British 
Architects exhibition which 
looks at contemporary stained 
glass In architecture. 

Maritime Museum, Museum 
Square, Swansea 
(0792 50351). From Tues. 

THE SMYTHES: Landscapes 
and animals by two 19th- 
century East Anglian brothers, 
Edward and Thomas, 
influenced by Gainsborough 

Oscar and Peter Johnson. 27 
Lowndes St London SW1 (01- 
235 6464). From Tues. 

GROUP OF 4: Four different 
ways of painting Abstract 
Expressionism toy 
Atroshenko, Martyn Brewster. 
Sheila Girting and Donnagh 

Warwick Arts Trust 33 ' 
Warwick Square. St George's 

Drive, London SW1 (01-834 
7856). From Thurs. 


and ttveiy print show, with 
works (a 8 on sale) from 61 

Cartwright Hall, Lister Park. 
Bradford (0274 493313). 

MANET: Challenging show 
which sets out to explain toe 
mysteries of toe great French 
painter’s methods, through X- 
rays and historical research. 
Courtautd Institute GaUeries. 
Woburn Square, London W1 
(for information 01-278 2345). 


ROYAL OPERA: First night 
of Carman tonight at 7pm with 
Agnes Baltsa returning to ■ 
the title role opposite Jose 
Carreras's Don Jos6, and 
with Mark Ermler, principal 
conductor of the Bolshoi, 
making his Royal Opera debut 
Also lues and Fri. 

Covent Garden, London 
WC2 (01-240 1066). 

OPERA: On Tues and May 24 
at 7pm; the last two . 
performances of David ■ 
Pountney's briffiant and ' 
menacing production of 
Busoni s. Doctor Faust. - 
Fledermaus tonight and Fri, ' 
and The Bartered Bride on 
Thurs, both at 7.30pm. ■. 

Coliseum. St Martin's Lane, 
London WC2 (01-836 3161). - 

OPERA: A new production, in 
English, of Wozzeck, by 
Lrinu Ciulei. opens in Cardiff bn 
- Wed (also May.24) with . 
PhiJJipJofl in the title rote. Peter 
Stein'.s-reoduetkm of Otetfo - 
returns Tues and Fri, wfth-a 
superb Jago. from Donakf 
MaxweU; the new Barber of 
SeviSe plays on Thurs. All 
performances at 7.15pm. 

New Theatre, Cardiff (0222 
32446/27267).- ’ 


contriving to sound as though 
he gargles with double 
cream twice a day, Mathis has 
sold 40 million albums in ■ 
Britain: Hispopularity endures. 
Tonight tomorrow and 
Tues, Hammersmith Odeon, 
Queen Caroline Street 
London W6 (01-748 4081). 

JAZZ AID: Loose Tubes 
and Stan Tracey in a lengthy * 
noon-to-mtenteht Ml in aid 
of African femme retief. 
Tomorrow. Electric Screen, 

191 Portobello Road, London 
W1 1(01 -229 3694). 


"PsychobMy" is the shorthand 
description of this American 
band's kitsch rock 'n* roll. 

Mon, Top Rank, Brighton 
(0273 732627); Wed Victoria 
Halls, Hanley (07822261 8); 

Fri, De Montfort Han, Leicester 
(0533 544444).. . 

Don Wefler and Alan Skidmore 
shafe-Wed's bin with 
Courtney.Pine. On Fri, the 
Loose Tubes reed section 
(including lain BaJIamyaand 
Tim Whitehead) peels off 
for a set of its own. 

Wed to May 24, 

Bloomsbury Theatre, 24 . 
Gordon Street London 
WC1 (01-387 9629). 



Performances by English 
Chamber Orchestra and 
Nash Ensemble, plus theatre, 
danoe, oxhjbffionMibn and 

King’s Lynn, 


HAZJAZZ 86: Twenty-three 
rjoure of summer music' 
featuring George Molly, 

John Chilton’s Foetwarmers, 

Per ticket availability, 
performance and opening 
times, telephone the 

□umbers listed. 
Theatre Tony Patrick and 
Martin Chopper; Concerts: 
Max Harrison; Films: 
Geoff Brown; 
Photography: Michael 

Yoane Galleries: Sarah 
Jane Cheddand: Opera: 
Hilary Finch; Rock £ 

Jazz: Richard WHGams; 
Dance: John Perrivah . 
Bookings: Anne | 
Whttehoose “ | 

Maxine Daniels, Georgia 
Fame and Digby Fairwweather. 
June 14-15. ... 

Hazfitt Theatre. Earl Street 
Maidstone (0622 58611). . 


Concert tour of Salisbury. 
Stratford, Southend. 

Chlcester. Folkestone, St Peter 
Port and Buxton. July 26- 
Aug 2 (0722 27676 for 


performance of Shaw play 
starring Peter O'Toole, • 
2J0pm and 7.30pm. 

Theatre Royal! Haymarket 
London Sm (01-330 9832). 

Exhibition to mark tenth 
anraversaiy of toe Friends . 
of University of Bristol Theatre 
totectiOT.frxauding . 

Theatre Royal and Bristol Old " 
VJcmenrwraWla. ..Finishes. 

today, • - 

Old vie. King Street; Bristol 

(02722774*). - . 

' I 

I n Tom Stoppard’s last 
play . The Real Thing, a 
playwright & given , the 
ultimate seal of British 
approval — an appearance -on 
Desert Island Discs. After the 
production' of this play, hav- 
ing been too ashamed, to 
accept un then, Stoppard also 

Plausibly larding his taste 
with two. or three records 
“which, showed . I had artistic 
sensitivities”, he came to his 
choice of book. “I couldn’t 
think of one I was prepared to 
put but in front", be says, 
loping' in from his manor 
house in Bucks to one of the 
National's anonymous * back 

Depositing his bag on a 
table, he unflaps a jacket as 
black as his -curls, sits down 
and stretches out two shiny 
boots. “So I chose the notion 
of a book in two languages. On 
one' page the English, on. the 
other the German or Italian. I 
didn’t - mind which work; 
something r didn't know' pref- 
erably, but the- translation — 
that would be important” 

A - Russian ■ poet • called 
Byalik fikenedreading a trans- 
lation to - kissing a beautiful 
woman with a handkerchief' 
over her face. 'Stoppard^ whose 
face is the face of a handsome 
gargoyle, hewn of ' wood,: 
plumps for Robert Frost. “Po- 
etry is what is lost in 

translation^ he quota; dig- 
ging into' the bag, which 
contains his car telephone and. - 
a pack of 200 cigarettes.’ ■. 

Next week Stoppard's own ; 
version of Arthur Schnitzler’s 
Dalliance. \ his sixth 
“translation” — previews, at ' 
the- National. The play, which - 
concerns the -loves, lusts, and ' 
duels of two Viennese friends; 
was considered so daring'that 
when it opened in Vienna in. 
1895, the- lead actor fearnTit 
would break his neck. 

the erstwhile . . risqufcness, 
Stoppard sees it as a. play . 
“about the dislocation be- ., 
tween ■ romantic' love, arid 
physical attraction” At a time : 
when He is struggling vriih an 
idea fpr a new .work -of his 
own; hrabbseesiras prpvid- : 
Inj* the. element he. finds, most . 
difficult: toe-plot . . 

■’ *Tjusf don’t havetoe right ' 
kind of mind; to-, make up 

Reworking other 
peopled plays 
makes a welcome 
. change for ^ ; 
Tom Stoppard 

plots. Plot and character -- 
that's what plays are supposed 
to be. But Tin only stimulated 
by._^-I can hardly bring my- 
self to say it^-ideasT -In- 
writing an original work every 
three or four .years, transla- 
tions come as a welcome' “self 
denial”. : . v- . r 

Like Scbnitzler;- Stoppard's 
father was a physician with 
■ Jewish Mood. Born in 1937 in 
Czechoslovakia. ' - .Gott- 

waldo v’s most famous son left 
when he was* five. He went 
back for. a week in 1977. “It 
was not a case of ray revisiting 
anywhere. Itfelt foreign.” 
Having. been brought up in 
Singapore' and India before 
gravitating xo public school in. 

: Yorkshire,;., he \ denies a 
Con radian sense of : detach- 
ment “If it mani&stsjtseif at 
afl, it's m an excessive .regard 
for. abidingly English things 
like- countryside r .- and 

H e nodsattbe:view 
from his chair of a; 
modern 'office ' 
block. “Just look- 
ing out of that window 
presses me!-' Three strips -of 
'concrete and iron pipes; .My. 
Goct it’s . horrid. I 'drive 
around mid r have this recar- 
rent thonghtthat I haveitever 


Iflcfe as mudf- ro any -okJ - 
building. ■ 

- l ig hting up, then leaping to 
his feet.-becauseJ like to>alk 
about' 7 ; -Stopiferd ^ returns, to. 
The problems of . adaptation. ' 
Oneof his was The House 

qf BernhrditzAlba by Lorca.. “A . 
very constipated piece. Ixeally- 
riid think; oue' dm .it by_ just , 
gettiDgourthe’Spanish dictio- 
nary. That one entered negoti- - 
ations srith a dead writer in 
the spirit pfrin.aCoIyte ready to 
serve. and. transport his work 
intpmibtfaer tongue. Btrt it’s a 
fallacy. .One is having to 
iranspoi^uo anofoer culture. - 
' **Ifsau €3ttraoidinarily puz- . 

think bow. ludicrous — ana do 
the whole thing-again.” 
Stoppard did not fed happy 
about Dalliance tiirhis thiid 
rewrite, which he admits do- 
ing without any reference to 
the German text “or even 
necessarily the intentions of 
_ toe speaker*VIn presenting the 
Vienna of 1895 to the London 
.• of 1986, -he has given the play 
apt only a new wineskin — . or, 

' ifyou like, handkerchief — but 
a new end. “Schnitzler’s last 
line is a stage direction. He 
sinks to the ground sobbing I 
faitofufly reproduced this, 
then . impulsively added — 

■ thinking of Michael Bryant— I 
.. wouldn’t count on it” tT 
. ,' What would .Schnitzfer 
make of the re^ilt? Stojq»rd 
puts he arms behind hishead. 
looks "oiit of the window, and 
says craeftiUy: “He was an up- 
to-the-rninute chap. One has 
this vanity he’d say ! ’Gosh, 
what a good idea’. But he’d outraged.’’ . 

’ The toesis Stoppard applies 
to Ins own work is that there’s 
no official version, no authori- 
al!tiUtix.Tu the end you throw 
up your hands and push .the 
boai oui. into the pond.” He 
lai^hs. remembering how his 
son bad’ to study one of his 
plays for O levels. “He only 
got a-B-'on Professional Foul 
and so instantly turned to 


•' ; Peopk write tlie whole time 
assuming Stoppard holds 
some secret explanation to his 
plays. !*In Jumpers, I look out 
a fme that an American pro- 
fessor had based' his entire 
Thesis on. I cut it in reheaisa] 
toecause it was getting in the 
way. One is unrepentantly 
pragmatic in the theatre.” 

He. reaches once more for 
the duty-free pack begging 
one ‘not to joke about his- 
Smoking. r It’ll upset Miriam*’ 
he says self mockingly:' "She’d 
think I don’t try". .. ■ 

: Nicholas -Shffkesjpeare 

Dattehce is atthe Lyttelton 

g1-928-22Kj.P^K°4 n 



though hi* talents 

Archer can 

Archer has , two ’possible 
tothetak of imcma- 
hrta fcmgBshy involv. 
ing America. Russia and 
Bntara predicts a 

zliag process. Writing your 
own stuffi you know when a 
-particular speech, reaches its 
- final form. Here, you reach it • 
several times. .Each tone you 
think it’s pretty good. Then 
reading it a fortnight later, yon 

The qniB .of'Mirfcbliri 'Wil- 
liamsoaL Master of the 
QyooPs Uvsfckjm faeen-stiU 
dtuxog the Queen’stiOtobirto- 
day odeboitioits. - but he has 
not bent entirely ttnproduo 
tiv&HfiUonnod tea written a 
new, three^an pace called 
The Champion 'Family Al- 
bum, wfcuchhasits premiere at 
Am Tstival 
tonight Tbepieceis dedicated 
to Ridrapd Champion, a 
brab^dflesaged teat beyrand 
parts have been -written in for 
Ini fenrity. Bw ler it not be 
said that Wtfttamson ignores 
Ins royal role. Since his new 
an a ngement of the national 
anthem in 1980 fie has also 
completed Songs Far A Royal 
Baby, a piece set (o the boons 
of Lady Wilson. Says a mend: 
“It wasn't foe any particular 
royal baby, just any royal baby 
that happened to come aldog . 

• Many though its 
iaterpretetiotfs have been, 
Bach's Toccata and Fugue 
in D Minor has yet to be 
played In public on two - • 
motoih&es. Bnta 
peifonnance in Ai^ust at - 
the Royal Festival Halt by 
ramidans Lawrence 
Casserley andSunoa 
T>esorafcer, will Involve a 
1959 nuitoer and the more 
mature version, the 1955 . 

Itwffl be followed bya five- 
minute performance of 
Wagner's Ring for two bikes 
and Tchaikovsky's 1812 
Overture for four piccolos and 
a one-man band. 

Killing time 

The Tricycle Theatre in Lon- 
don has high hopes of re- 
opening the investigation on 
Hilda Murrell, the anti-nucie- 
ar ca mpaigner who died in 
mysterious circumstances two 
years ago. An all-party forum, 
mchidmg MPs Piaddy Ash- 
down and Jeff Rooker.. will 


Ascuss the play with > the 

the opening night 

of Who lOUed Hilda Mur&l? 


S2 y «l^? :en said: “The play 
performed for one night 

ofiS^!? bu,y and membS* 
?h a 7 e .2 ud,cnce wera so moved 
J^ toey came forward wito 

new, information'*. Annie- 
the murdered am . 

All's Wells? 

^agareatiy conventional 
hS? 1 aulhor Julian 
not without a 
ffi2- SKle - o as his widow 
1 » tS ?* vo " 89 ’ reveals in her 
autobiography out next 

American girl on a 

KJfLS? Md he told me he 
m roS 10 her as a 
BR Just . ,ike H.G. 

no ■ Bui I was 

no Mr* Wells.” Julian: was 
brought swiftly to heel. 

Chri stophfir Wilson 

,v: ••• • • 


* -M itt 




■ COURT ■ Winston Churchill 
CIRCULAR Memorial Trust 

May I6r His Excellency Seflnr presented mcdal- 

Jorgc Borbon and^Sorade V««?f ^*“ rch * 1 * ° f 

Bwbodn were received in fer£ ^ ** 

well audience by Her Majesty Tn 1^? Memo rial 

snH mnt i»„. .... u:.^ Trust at Guildhall vestenfav to 

Jonathan Harfield 

The Anglican culture shock 

-In recent years, the Church of England 
has established a reputation for internal 
controversy, typified by John 
Robinson's book. Honest to. God. the 
Bishop of Durham's utterances on the 
Resurrection and. the continuing saga 
over the question of ordination of 
women to the priesthood. 

List autumn and now, amid what 
amounts to a crisis of identity and 

and took leave upon His Ex- 10 belief the diocesan and deanery synods 

ceUency relinquishing bis have been meeting to discuss the 

appointment as Ambasador Church of England's response to two of 

riXSbS-'lEE £2? / ,eni ‘ AmCn ® the most important ecumenical docu- 

8SoSmofS?Jam^ RKa “ menls ever produced; the Final Report 

Mr B L Rgr /tpr wm , ^^ ,.,1 f?5h^ L g£l.P'' l ^? J of the Anglican-Roman Catholic Inter- 

audience by The Queen and national Co mm ission (ARCIC) and 

kissed hands upon his appoint- <chalfm »' <* toonSS"^ l,, another entitled Baptism, Eucharist and 

mem as Her Majesty’s Amfaas- - Ministry which emerged after an inter- 

sador Extraordinary and Tn Gir Dolnk denominational meeting of more than 

Plenipotentiary at Warsaw. * w iWlipil 1Q0 theologians in Lima, Peru in 1982. 

•^*£T our of Hone, OC Ifxhe result of ARCIC is uhixnatcly to 

^ ^ achieve the reunion of the Sees of Rome 

l * in “ Co^no, al a dj " ner hew yesterday atthe and Canterbury, then that would almost 

"There* 1 ’ were nresent The j nev *tably bring about the absorption of 

Archbishop of Canterbury, the Mr^A^achfcTc^StSSi^l *** 9? urch of . En 8 laod ’ the Angfi- 
tond >bUdiani^^ > ^uyie' with Sir Ralph Hone, QC, the aa l ^ tT ™ I UT1 9 n 88 a w b°^ by the 
bone (Lord Chancellor), the occasion erf his ninetieth larger and more powerful Roman 

Right Hon Margaret Thatcher, birthday. Catholic “machine”. Nevertheless, any 

To Sir Ralph 
Hone, QC 

At a dinner held yesterday atthe 
Inner Temple, his friends and 

. -P res ? lt The colleagues m the Chambers of 

fS b S^v,° f ^ MrEA. Mactun, QC odebmed 

Wlth S*r Ralph Hone. QC the 
boy (Lord Chancellor), the occasion erf his ninetieth 
Rjght Hon Margaret Thatcher, birthday. 

MP (Prime Minister and Fnst — 

vEUm whfteJwLSdVr^ National Association 
lAwaStmiffR of Almshouses 

the Earl of Airlie (Lord The National Association of 
Cham benai n). Lieutenant- Almshouses held a reception on 
^ Thursday, May 15. at The 
Charterhouse to mark the ford- ! 
MP (Secretary of State for eth anniversary of its founda- 
Northern IrelandL the Right lion nnd to launch an j 
Hon David Steel, MP (Leader of Almshouse Rescue Programme. 

t^HSr a pi,^ y) M the W ^ 1 Tlw guests were received by Mr 
Hon Sir Phillip Moore, the Richard B. Brayne. chairman of 
Ri^l Hon Geotge Frioe and the the executive committee, and 
_H°n Sir William HeseL Mr David EL Mooev-Coutts. 
toe (Private Secretary to The honorary treasurer. The prin- 

^Righ, Hon Gcongc PHco. ™ 

havhK been previously ap- vg^Hf 
potnted.a Pnvy Councillor, was 

sworn in a Member of Her Pf*h < raS3 chanty comflossionai. 
Majea ^ M °st Honourable SStlft 

Mr Geoffrey de Deney was in " " ■ — 

ag^nce as Clerk of the Lord High 

The Viscount Whitefcm had fAmmiccinnor 
an audience of The Queen LAiminiSSlOner 

tef&teCoundl ^ The Viscount of Arbuthnott, 

The Queen this afternoon Lord Hiuh Commissioner to the 

ecumenical document compiled by 
! theologians with only an outside knowi- 
: edge of churches other than their own, 
| must be deficient as a bads for bringing 
about the desired unity, the the Final 
Report is no exception. Worthy though 
that report is, not only does it represent 
the lowest common denominator of 
theological agreement but, more impor- 
tant, it foils to take account of the non- 
theological differences which separate 
Anglicanism from Catholicism. Con- 
trast, for example, the Catholic 
Church’s swift response to ARCICs 
findings through the Sacred Congrega- 
tion for the Doctrine of the Faith under 
Cardinal Ratzinger to the lengthy 
process of consultations but of which 
will eventually emerge the Anglican 

It is an too easy to ignore the real di- 
vergence of culture and ethos which 
exists between Anglicanism and Cathol- 
icism, even in England. Nowhere is this 
more apparent than in the role of the or- 
dained minister. Despite the very 
substantial theoretical agreement on 
“Ministry and Ordination" in the Final 
Report, nothing is mentioned about the 
enormous cultural gulf reflected partic- 
ularly in the status of the clergy within 
their respective communions. Even 
after the Second Vatical Council, the 
Catholic priest, living a celibate life of 
emotional detachment, imbued over six 
years of seminary training, has an 
almost mystical aura and is accorded, 
by the laity, a deference and respect by 
virtue of his orders which would be 
totally alien to the average Anglican 
who attends Matins on a Sunday 
morning, and unknown to the local 
vicar. It is precisely the acceptance of 
those notions of ecdesiasrial authority 
and priesthood inherent in Catholicism 
and personified by the Pope that would 
require an overall positive, rather than a 
merely pragmatic, decision by the 
Anglican churches, including the 
Church of England, to embrace unity 
and thus effectively to become Roman 

England is. after all, the mother of 
Anglicanism and the Church of England 
is pan of English culture in a way which 
Roman Catholicism is not and never 
could be. Admittedly, many Anglicans 
do regard the Anglican churches as 
members of what is sometimes called 
“Catholic Christendom", but the ethos ’ 
of the Church of England, like the 
culture of which it has become an 
integral part, is essentially Protestant, 
not Calhohc. 

For indefinable, even indefensible, 
reasons, Anglicanism as expressed by 
the Church of England has proved itself 
eminently and uniquely attractive to the 
English Character. This fact cannot be 

readily appreciated by English Angli- 
cans. even Anglo-Catholics, until they 
have actually made the leap from 
Canterbury to Rome, and the ensuing 
cultural shock can be as disquieting as 
the intellectual transformation which 
should precede any “conversion". 

In spite of the optimism of ARCTIC 
about the possibility of the two churches 
reuniting, professional theologians must 
become more aware of the human 
dimension of their objectives, especially 
in relation to the innate post-Re forma- 
tion prejudices which stiO run deep in 
the minds of Catholic and Protestant 
alike, not least in Britain. Unfortunate- 
ly, like individuals, the Anglican Com- 
munion as a whole would be unable to 
comprehend fully the implications of a 
decision for reunion until after such a 
decision had been implemented. 

If. in the future, the Church of Rome 
and the Anglican Churches do share the 
same altars again, the largest portion of 
the credit for such an achievement will 1 
not necessarily rest with church leaders J 
for working out an acceptable theologi- 
cal formula, but with the diocesan clergy 
and laity for coping with the non- 
theologkaJ and practical problems 
which would no doubt dominate any 
period of transition. Nevertheless, for 
the Church of Engtand. reunion with 
Rome would inevitably involve re- 
acceptance of much which was rejected 
four centuries ago, and culturally and 
emotionaly, as well as intellectually, this 
could prove too much for many of its 
clergy and laity to swallow. Whatever 
the present state of the Church of 
England, when, and iC imminent re- 
union with Rome approaches, ecumen- 
ists should not be surprised to discover 
that the spirit, if not the letter, of the 
Thirty-Nine Articles is still very much 

The author, formerly an 
Anglican, is now a student at 
the English College. Rome. 



Writer who chronicled 
US presidential elections 

Theodore H. White, the 
chief chronicler of American 
presidential elections for 25 
years, died on May 1 5 in New 
York, aged 71. 

He pioneered a method of 
reporting - becoming a vacu- 
um cleaner for facts - that was 
much imitated and at times 
parodied. But it was a style 
that he was later to regret, 
even though it brought him 
fame and fortune. 

Teddy White was the gnom- 
ish figure in the election 
crowd, peering intently 
through his glasses, scribbling 
and interviewing relentlessly, 
letting no scrap, anecdote or 
piece of uivia go uncollected. 

From his mass of material 
he processed his Making of the 
President books which pre- 
sented the elections as grand 
national epics and the victors 
as great heroes. 

The secret of his political 
reporting, he once said, was 
overkill “l interview every- 
one I can talk to." But later he 
complained that there were so 
many reporters trying to get 
the kind of behind the scenes 
material that he pioneered 
that nobody could get behind 
the scenes stories anymore. 

Theodore Harold White 

He returned to America in 
1953. working mainly as a 
political writer. He also wrote 
two novels, the Mountain 
Road. 1958. and The View 
from the 40th Fltx>r. 1960. 

In the late 1950s he formed 
the idea of writing major 
books about presidential elec- 
tions. a 20-year projecL His 
first, in I960, was a best-seller, 
so successful. White said, that 
“it was like playing the tuba 
while it was raining gold". He 
won a Pulitzer prize in 1962. 

In 1964 and 1968. Making 
of the President books were 

was born in Boston, the son of also blockbusters. But White 
an immigrant lawyer, on May was criticized for getting so 

Lord High 

an audience of The Queen vxi uu iuaaiuuci The annual luncheon of The 

be^theCOundL The Viscount of Arbuthnott, Queen^ Lancashire Regiment 

The Queen this afternoon Lord High Commissioner to tbe «?• « the Hurfmgham 

opened the Royal Holloway and General Assembly of the Club yesterday. The Colonel of 
Bedford New College at Egham Church of s™«i«nr<t and the ^ Regiment, MjyonGeneral 
to mark the Centenary of the Viscountess of Arbuthnott ar- D - H *»*ston, presided. A mes- 
opening of Royal HoDoway rived in Edinburgh 10 take up saffiorjoya] greetings was sent 
College (at Egham by Queen residence at the Palace of to The Queen. Colonet-in-Chief 
Victoria) and tbe Sesqui- Holyroodbouse and entertained °* Raiment, 
centenary of the University off at dinner last night. The guests ilhmorc 

Service luncheon 

The Queen's Lancashire 

The annual luncheon of The 
Queen's Lancashire Regiment 
was held at the Hurtin g ham 
Club yesterday. The Colonel of 
the Regiment, M^jor-General 
D. Houston, presided. A mes- 

Victoria) and tbe Sesq tri- 
centenary of the University of 
London, of which Her Majesty 
is Visitor. 

Having been received al the 
Earth Sciences Building by Her 
Majesty’s Lord-Lieutenant for 
Surrey (Mr Richard Thomtonk 
the Vice-Chancellor of the 
University (the Lord Flowers), 
the Chairman of the College 
Council (The Lord Allen of 
Abbeydale) and the Principal of 

the College (Professor Dorothy Rh*tfi*favc 
Wedderbunt), The Queen un- BffUlflayS 
veiled a commemorative ptaoue T nn*v.Ti.. i:,. 

Service dinners 

HMS Cambria 

The' Lord Lieutenant of South 
Glamorgan was present at the 
annual ladies night dinner of the 
South Wales Division, Royal 
Naval Reserve, which was held 
last-night in HMS Cambria. The 
Lord Mayor and the Lady 
Mayoress of Gsrdiff were the 
principal guests- Commander 
P.W. James. Commanding Offi- 
cer of HMS Cambria, received 
the guests and Commander 

Brigadier M. J. Paterson, direc- 
tor of the corps, presided and 
Brigadier R. K. Hudson, Colo- 
nel Commandant, was among 
those present. 

25th Indian Divisioa 
The 23 th Indian Division Offi- 
cers Dining Club held hs forti- 
eth annual dinner last night at 
the Army and Navy Club. 
Major-General F. J, C Piggott 
presided and Colonel Viscount 
Slim was the guest of honour. 
RAF Dental Branch 
Air Chief Marshal Sir David 
Craig, Chief of the Air Staff, was 
the guest of honour at the 
fortieth annual dinner of the 
RAF Dental Branch held Iasi 
night at RAF Halton. 

Forthcoming marriages 

6. 191 5. As a boy he sold 
newspapers on trams and 
went on to win a scholarship 
to Harvard, studied Chinese 
and travelled to China on a 

After a spell as a press 
officer in Chiang Kai-Shek’s 
information ministry he be- 
came a correspondent for 
Time magazine, reporting the 

close 10 his subjects that be 
was dazzled by them. It was 
said that he was so much an 
insider that he did not pay 
enough attention to what was 
going on outside, such as the 
Vietnam war and the social 
and political turmoil at home. 

Publication of the 1972 
volume was postponed when 
the significance of Watergate 

Dr R.W. Baker 
and Mbs J. L Ledbury 

Mr P. Landau 
and Miss C. E. i-nrnnf 

war with Japan and the rise of became clear and While hur- 
Mao Tse-tung. His evident riedly wrote extra chapters. 

The engagement is announced The engagement is announced 
between Robert, son of M^jor- between Patrick, son of Mr J. 
General and Mrs I. H. Baker, of Landau and tbe late Mrs Lan- 
Owen’s Farm, Hook. Hamp- dau, of Paris, and Caroline 
shire, and Julie, daughter of Mr Edwina, youn^st daughter of 
and Mrs R. D. Ledbury, of MrJackumzer and the late Mrs 


vintff*ri Sin TODAY: The Eari. of Airiie, 60; I 

m ^ Vice-Admiral Sir Thomas J-M.D Qntets presided. 

vici»«L th. Baird, 62; Marshal of the RAF Royal Carps of Naral 
The Queen then visited- the c; r Mh* t,„i4 RMhim at. Constructors 

Founders Building. and walked 
to the Chapel, where Her Maj- 
esty declared open the Royal 
Holloway and Bedford . New 
College and afterwards met 
students and staff in tbe Picture 

The Hon Mary Morrison, Mr 
Kenneth Scott and Major Hugh 
Lindsay were in attendance: 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips this morning at 
Guildhall presented medallions 
to commemorate the 20th 
Anniversary of the Winston 
Churchill Memorial Trust. 

Baird, 62; Marshal of the RAF 
Sir Michad Beetham. 63; 
Professor D. Cameron Watt, 58; j 
Mr Geoffrey Castoo, 60; Sir 
Charles Cawley,' 79; "Professor J. 
D. Craggs, 71; Sir John Gariick, 
65; MrRonaJd Halstead, 59; Dr 
Raymond Hide. 57; Lord 
HirshHeld, 73; Sir Eric 
Mensforth, 80; Miss Birgit Nils- 
son. 64; Sir Alec Ogihne. 73; 
Lieutenant-General Sir Douglas 
Packard, 83; Sir Edward 
Playfair, 77; Mr Dennis Potter, 1 
51; Mr Roger Powell, 90; Sir I 
Francis Tombs, 62; Captain Sir 
Miles Wingate, 63; Lieutenant- i 

_ General Sir David Young. 6a • 

TnMwc ftho vi<mimt rw Aodand, 78, Dame Margot 

Trustees (the Viscount De 
L’lsle, VO. 

The Hon Mrs Legge-Bourfce 
was in attendance. . 

Pope John Paul D is 66 

Royal Corps of Naral 
Constructors .• 

Tbe Royal Corps of Naval 
Constructors held their annual 
dinner at the Pump Room, 
Bath, last night. Mr P. W Jarvis, 
Deputy Controller Warships, 
bead of the corps, presided. The 
guests included Admiral Sir' 
William Stavdey, Chief of the 
Naval Staff and First Sea Lord, 
heads of industry, repre- 
sentatives .of the Royal. 
Commonwealth and allied Na- 
vies and presidents of engineer- 
ing institutions. 

Kent Army Cadet Force 
Officers of the Kent Arary Cadet 
Force entertained their ladies at 
dinner at Brampton Barracks, 
Chatham, last night. Colonel G 
N. Mearns, cadet commander. 

N 'if' Mary Lady Horsbrugb-Por 

15; i. and the family would like 

Mary Lady Horsbrugb-Porier 
and the family would like to 
thank everyone who gave so 
generously to the IX/XQth Old 
Comrades Association and the 
Morctim-in-Marsh Hospital in 

Fonteyn de Arias. 67; Mr J. Chatham, last night. C 
Clement, 54; Mr Boris Christoff N. Mearns, cadet coo 
67; Sir Norman Costar, 77;' presided. 

Professor M. A. Epstein, 65; Sir RAF Strike Command 
Anthony FeU, 72; Mr G.R.HaU, Group Captain G W. Bruce 
58; Rear-Admiral P. G. Ham- presided at an RAF Strike 
mersley, 58; Lord Hartwell, 75; Command ladies* guest night 
Mr Norman Hepple, 78; Mr held yesterday evening in the 
Brian Hooper, 33; Mr G. McC officers’ mess. Air Marshal Sir 

Kitson, 64; Sir Geoffrey Litder. 1 [ Joseph Gilbert COS/DC-in-G 

56; Sir Herbert Marcham, 80: 
Professor E A- Marsland, 63; 
Mr Fred Perry, 77; Mr Norman 
St John-Stevas, MP, 57; Lord 

memory of Colonel Sir Andrew I Scbon, 74; Mr Charles Wmtour, 
Horsbrugb-Porter, Bl 1 69- 

and Lady Gilbert were among 
those present 
Army Catering Corps 
The Army Catering Corps held a 
guest night last night in tbe 
Headquarters Mess. Aldershot 

Royal Crihae of BadMagirti 
The thirtieth Oookshank lec- 
ture was delivered to the Royal 
College of Radiologists yes- 
terday by Mr Victor Paige. 
Chairman of the NHS Manage- 
ment Board.- The president of 
the college held a dinner in the 
evening at 38 Portland Place. 
The guests included: 

Mr PaMK Lord Pitt of H am p stea d. 
Lord Data Km. Str Jasper HoOom. sir 
Thomas Lodge. Professor SJr Davta 
Sndther*. Professor Sir Brian 
windever. Or. James Buy. Dr J W 
Laws. Or I S Macdonald. Professor W 
V Mayneord. Dr R M Oliver and 
Professor R c rater . 

Association c* British 
Chambers of Co— ern e 
Lord Young of Graflham, Sco- 
re la ry of State for Employment 
was the guest of honour and 
principal speaker at the annual 
dinner of the Association of 
British Chambers of Commerce 
held last night at the Sheraton 
Hotel Edinburgh. Sir David 
Nicolson presided. 

Louden Criminal Coerts 
Sotitifors Association 
Mr Timothy Lawrence, Presi- 
dent of the London Criminal 
Courts Solicitors Association, 
presided at the annual dinner 
held last night at the Savoy i 
Hotel The principal guest and 
speaker was Lord Ehvyn-Jones, 
CH. and Mr A. J. Cox and Mr J. 
G. Connor also spoke. Others 

Kintbury, Berkshire. Luozer, of London. 

Mr P. Bowers 

and Miss J. G Whittaker Mr J. C. Phillip 
The engagement is announced ^ Miss P. M. Sallitt 
between Patnck, onJyson of Mr The engagement is announced 
^MreM Bowers, of UaneU 1 , between Julian Charles, eldest 
Ehrfai, and Jane, only dangbto- of Mr and Mrs John Phil! ip. 

of the kite Mr and Mrs J. C. 0 f Meriinwood. Thornton in 
Whittaker, of Kenilworth. Craven. West Yorkshire, and 
Warwickshire. Penelope Mary, younger daugh- 

Mr G. Dunning ter of Mr and Mrs T. W. SaUiU, 

and Miss G A. watiams of Hesslewood Rise. Hessle, 

The engagement is announced Fad Yorkshire, 
between Graham, son of Major 
I and Mrs J. £. Dunning, of Mr RAJ?. Powoe 

«»d Miss GM; Johnson . 

^ ^Sagement is announced 
W. S. G Wiliams , of Oxford. between Richard Alexander 

' pCTTier - son of Mr and Mrs 

and Miss SJ. D«on Michael Powne. of Bath, and 1 

Christina Mary, daughter of 
Colonel and Mrs James John- 

so"- of Surrey and 

Holloway, of Sydney, Australia, Brnssr i. ■ ■ ■ 

and Susan Janet, only daughter 
of Mr and Mm Bernard J. Mr G A. Fountaine 
.Dixon, of Sydney. Australia... and Miss S- J. Oliver 
Mr M.C.B. Smith • The engagement is announced 
■nd Mas A. G. Jones between Charles, only son of Mr 

The engagement is announced Andrew Fountaine. of NarforrL 

disenchantment with Chiang 
Kai-Shek annoyed Time and 
he parted company with the 

In 1946 he and a colleague 
published Thunder out of Chi- 

In America in Search of 
Itself. 1982, While revealed 
himself as somewhat disen- 
chanted. He even expressed an 
apocalyptic view, arguing that 
America, with its wrecked 

rut, a severe critique of cities and inrushing migrants. 
Kuom intang China and of could be likened to the crum- 

American support for the 
nationalist Chinese govern- 
ment He worked in Europe 
for some years and his next 
major book was Fire in the 

Penelope Mary, younger daugh- 
ter of Mr and Mrs T. W. Salim, 
of Hesslewood Rise. Hessle, 

East Yorkshire. Mr James Home, a leading 

„ psycho-analyst and pioneer 

group analyst died on May 7, 

The engagement is announced . r 

between Richard Alexander . Bj™ on December 16. 
Fenier. son of Mr and Mrs 1913. Henry James Hamdton 
Michael Powne. of Bath, and Home read history at Balfiol 
Christina Mary, daughter of College. Oxford and during 
Colonel and Mrs James John- the war served as a major in 
° f Oxicd. Surrey and the King’s Own Scottish Bor- 
Bntsseis. u, nfik. 

major hook was tire in the lioerai creao, say 
Ashes, 1953. an analysis of the he once cherisl 
post-war recovery in Europe, lived their time. 


bling Roman republic. 

A former liberal, who be- 
came conservative, he grew to 
be strongly critical of the 
liberal credo, saying that ideas 
he once cherished had out- 
lived their time. 

inc engagement is announced 
between Michael, only son of 
Mr and Mis B.A.R. Smith, of 
Harrow, and Annabel, elder 
daughter of Mr and Mrs K. A. 
Jones, of Pinner. 

sy, Australia, au,,cy the King s Own Scottish Bor- 

SydauK Brassris - derers. He was member of the toms, than * 

Bernard J. M r . r . educational staff at EtJ Dueim, dear to Home 

Sudan, until 1955^ 

t The engagement is announced Home s psychoanalytic 

»es between Charies, only son of Mr training started in Edinburgh unaerstanainj 

; announced Andrew Fountaine. of Narford, and thence he transferred fora c ° n ‘ eAl .. 1 
only son of Norfolk, and Mrs John Durie, of Freudian training to the Insti-t relationships. 
^Smitiuof Chelsea. London, and Susan. lulE D f Psycho-Analysis in Later, with 

discovery that psychological 
symptoms could have particu- 
lar and persona] meanings. 

- He argued that Freud 
seemed more preoccupied 
with analogies of physics, such 
as sequences of cause and 
affects and the operation of 
forces to give rise to symp- 
toms. than with the idea, so 
dear to Home, that sympioms 
with meaning were personal 
creations and their richest 
understanding arose in the 
context of personal 

only daughter of Squadron 
Leader and Mrs H. W. Oliver, of 
Brancaster Staithe. Norfolk. 

Mr S.J. Andrews 

imd Mks C.ES. Forte* and Miss G GCampbeU-Cnlrer 

The marriage took place res- The marriage took place at St 
today at St James s. Piccadilly. Mary’s Abbey, Bodmin, on 
of Mr ten Stewart, son erf Mr Saturday. May 3. between Mr 
and Mrs J. .Stewart, of White Stcwan Andrews and Miss 
House Farm, Wammglid. Sus- Claire CampbeU-Cuhrer. Father 


He ruffled the feathers of 
many orthodox Freudian psy- 
cho-analysts with the presen- 
tation of what became a classic 
paper. The Concept of Mind. 

Courageously, Home sug- 
gested that Freud had paid 
scam attention to his great 

Later, with others led by Dr 
S. H. Foulkes, he was founder 
member of the Group Analyt- 
ic Society and later the Insti- 
tute of Group Anaylysis, 
where he was training secre- 
tary. He pioneered group work 
training in the provinces and 
other European countries, par- 
ticularly in Yugoslavia 

sex. and Miss Camilla Forbes, 
daughter of Mr Spencer Forbes, 
of Lepe, Ex bury. Hampshire, 


A. Shelton officiated. 

The bride, who was given in 
marriage by her tether, was 

Deaths and In Membiiam 

KXTRS ari 9 RKM08MM 
£4 i fet + 16* WT 

(minimum 3 tines) 

A nn ouncements, aalhcmicattd by the 
name and permanent address of we 
sender, may be mot la 

P0 BOX 484 
Virginia Street 
UndOfl El 

or «*phoncd (hv ^k^ooe rate- 
etbers only) ke BMIt 382* 

Aanomxetncnts cm be roeet*cd by 
idepboflc bciween Often and 
5J0pm Monday to Fnday. cm Satur- 
day between 9.00am and 12 noon. 

AO* <Wf». For £ubfic*ucm 
j foAowntg day phone by I JOpm. 

Oc cm Conn and Social Page date* 
* H» VAT. ■ 

Conn and Social. Page arwwonco- 
ments. an «« h 
telephone. W. BWB2 »» 

(after IQJWtomL or send te: 

And H Oral B*J" m> — tea Spa* a W 

Buna 8: IQ _ 


■EACH -May 

HesMtaL Cambridge, w Mwwe «ee 
Dvkes and MJdiaeL a daogier- 
Eleanor Buchanan, a s«er tor 

MUCK - To SaBy iWood) and 
on 9th May- a daughter lAnlwila 

EttzaMth Victoria). 

BUXTON on ldte 
Thomas' H««al to Garo teq 
Kerr Granf) *na hSSl 
OB is Thoma*. a tetHher tor 


U.C.H. to 

josephtM Margaret. 

C0LE8KAVC On Amfl g Wh-. ^SS 


EletUhen. Roratyn* 


CL WES . pa May a lWerfmh tfter 

HocprtaL MSartWWte 
Martin a son. Jam« m*®- 
rwrurnn - On teth May I90fc jo 

Hasetai. a sw 


and ChrtStophcr- a wn. 
brother tor zahra-Bmw. 
and Jessica. 

HEMS on May lath to Geontfana 
uiee TtMrtceUl m>d Paul, a daughter. 
Matilda Phoebe Geortfana. 

KMC - On May lOtty* the Rwal 
Berks Hospital. RemHng. to Otee 
(nfe Stammers) and Joe. thetr Ur* 
daughter. Jennifer Laura. 
iBcAreOUN - On 1 4th May to Riyadh. 
Saudi Arabia, to Pamela (ate Lee) 
and Dermal, a son Patrick James, a 
brother tor Sam and CaroKne, 
MONTAGUE- On Ascension dw. May 
am to Barnstaple, bo John and Wen- 
dy a beautiful daughter. Lucy 
Margaret. _ ^ . 

<mHHOP - TO Bryan and Judy 
Fisher) on l(Xh May. a da^har 
KaOiartne. a staler tor Benjamin. . 
MRK On May 13th at Queen Char- 
lottes to Robert and Denize lute 
KanUiU a daughter Georgma Rose 
Eftoabeth: a sister tor Charlotte. 
PAYNE - On May 14th at Bridgnorth 
Hospital, to Judte and Pa te , a daugft- 
ler HoBy OUvta Penelope, a sister tor 
Daniel and Jade. 

HUBER T S on 2nd May. to Thomas 
and Sally, a daughter Susannah, a 
sister for Clare and Deborah. 
Mwm - On 15th May at St MaVs 
HospitaL Paddington, to Juba (nte 
^nnras) mid MfchaeL a daughter 
Soghte. a stater tor NataHia and 

tHAAMAN - On May 1 40i J 966 at SI 
otchards HosnUaL Chtatesier. to 
Tessa (nte LomtoO and Robert, a 
daughter, a stater tor Thomas. 
TRENCH ami - on lath May te Alika 
HomttnL Tokyo, to Fiona, wtto of Hie 
Hon Hugh Trenchard. a son. 
VAMSITTART On May 12th at me 
raw ai Shrewsbury TtosptnL w Pe- 
nSow tote Wood) and MtahaeL a 
«>Janaihan CBrisMPtw Bexito’- a 
brother tor NlcndaB. 

WAKNAM On l2th M ay l^6. at the 
Westminster HospitaL to Bu gy tote 
Baraetn and Qutanin. a milCWW 
FTedertdO a brother for Edward 

WARWICK -On May 13 ai^oohto- 

terntty Horatta L lo Jn tg* 
crawshaw) and Shnon. a daugher. 
Henrietta Catherine 
rasKKT-On May loth to GUttan tore 
Dome) mid Martin, a daughter. 
pspeto Fttye Lesley. 


SHUTH r CHAPPBU. The marr iage 
between W- derm Maurice Smith 
and Mtas Susan Ctaappeil took glace 

Btethotomews- Chureh. Hints. 


A|HJ> . Dr John Richard Manson. 
PHD.. BA., loved son of PM Atdd of 
ponpwnck. Scotland, a nd l the l ate 
pnyUK Pmlfiigton. dar dram « 
jnoy Aukl. niucn kwed tawwr of 
Carol. David. Lucy and Catnona and 
s soeoai fnend of Pam. Suddenly at 
ms own bone nt Lond on, fr om 
stauncMey fongW cancg aged B9 - 
Family flowers only at Ewiem 
nSiortuta, 1 J.oaaro. Monday May 
IMh. but graatfuuy donanora to 
Cancer Research. . 

BARTCLT On May tdth 1986. pence- 
fuBy In hospital. Judith, beloved wue 
of Peter. Cremation private. 

BURD Kate (Mlggy) on 10 th May after 
a short ffineas. tieloved by aB her 
lanffly. Service at Exeter Crematori- 
um. 3-15. 14th May. FamUy flowers 
only. Donations If desired to M 
Scanbuxy. c/o Vanhouse. South Zeal 
for the Devon Or! Goktes Camp Site. 
South Tawton. 

COOPER On the 9th May. suddemy. 
Lavtnia {Lavender) Cooper late of 
■ Chiddtogfold.- Private creroattoo has 
already taken place. No letters Mease 
but donadoiK. tf destrad. to the HcuU 
Servants Benefft Society. Parstoes 
Cottage. Bagendon. C b -ence st er. 

DWIY* On AprO 29 peacefUHy Com- 
mander Str John Roehtort D*Oy|y 
BarTflN. aged B6at BByland Nursmg 
Home- Brighton. The Funeral took 
place qtaeily In Brlgtatoa. Inquiries 
and flowers to wm Prior ft Co. 29 
Coliege Place. Brighton. Tttfc 0273 
605 0X3 

1VJEMM8 Hutto DonaM on 14th May. 
very deartytovedhusOmdof Bobtw. 
father of Hugh. Roderick and Ter- 
ence and grandfather of Sophie 
white on boettay to Greece. Funeral 
private. No. flowers but donations tf 
desired to St Margarets Hospice. 
Taunted. A memorial service will be 
held at a later date. 

HODSDOH cm 15th May 1986. peace- 
fully in her sleep ai Watnuttree 
HospitaL Sudbray. Margaret Louise 
aged 87 years of ran Hitt. 
Lavenham. Suffolk. Beloved wife of 
Alec. Mother of Anno. Grandmother 
of Louise. KtaS and Pct e - M arte and ' 
Great Grandmother of DanteL Sara. 
SopMe and Fredrfk. Funeral Service 
at Lavenham Church on Thursday 
22nd May at lO tun. Flowers or do- 
nations to the National Trust wot be 
received 6k W A Deacon & Suns. 
Stoke Vttta Works. High Strata. 
Lavenham. Suffolk. 

BUNT. On mw 16th. peaceftfly as her 
home hr BbcMnaton. Catherine Mar- 
garet mi). Most deart? loved aunt of 
Bunty and Jira- A me long and be- 
loved fttend of Esnte <boU» of Queen . 
Bertha School). FunecaL Wettoesday 
Mw 2UL lA6gm. St Thomas' 
Church. Mbmis Bay. Flowers to W£. 
Cole ft Son. Monktoo. Ramsgate. 

HYNES -On May I3th 2986 very sud- 
denly. Souanron Leader Gerard 
Patrick Hynes. NttL HAT. (Rtdl. 
adored husband OF Bridie and loving 
- father of Orate. Sharon and Martin. 
He witt be very sadly - missed by ail 
that new and loved him. Requiem 
. mass on May aom at Sacred Hearts 

Chunti. Flower Lane. Mil] Rffi. Lon- 
don. NW7, followed by private 

JOHNSON Me Tracey peacefully on 
May 14Ul aged 91 much loved moth- 
er and grandmother. Funeral a 
Guildford Crematorium on -Wednes- 
day. 2 lst May at 3J0 pm. Family 
flowers only. Thsoiicsgtving service 
to be announced later. Oonatnua If 
destretf M Phyffis TudcweU Manort- 
• al Hospice. Menm Way. Farnham. 

LARCZYoo May 14th 1966- Eric CW- 
- ford aged 80 yean at Mowbray 
Nurafng home. Malvern. Dearly 
toved father of Remand VaL Funeral 
service af Worcester crematorium 
on Monday May 1 9th at tl.SO am. 
Ftenily flowers only butif desired do- 
nations lo the R.NLJ. c/o 202 
Lambeth Rd. London SE1. 

HARM - on May 16th i486 Steph- 
ans Maud fnee GaUi widow of the 
late Maior General E.B. Marsh M.C. 
Cremation at the Surrey and Sussex 
Crematorium. Worth, on Wednesday 
2ist May al 12 noon. Flowers please 
lo R. Medhurst (Funeral Hrectorsi 
Vine How*. Hartfleto. Sussex. TM7 

W lC ORQUO OA IJ E swfdenty on May and Mbs M. Kelson • 

The marriage took place on May 
82 . Beloved wife of the IteeCoL Don- 1^, in Richmond, of Mr lac 
aid McCorquodaie of Sydenhara Saner and Miss Marcia Kelson. 

House. Kelso. Funeral sendee at Si — — - — — 

Andrews diurcb, Kebo OP Monday. 

May 19th at 2.30 pm to which ail LifS 

friends ore Invi ted. No letters Please- cHoCroan>. O Lord give ifaJtSiy 
Family flowers only. Donations n de- rrSVST tvatoi Sno m . 
Steed to Queens House. rtooswss CTomKua). Te Drum and 

LG.. OIL MX. F- RCf .E . Respo nses (ToroWnaJ. &4rtta» Otwtonl 

Service St Laurence Church, oadputfc 6.50 es. new pr it ra r t aetd. 
NofthflekL Binningh am on Wednes- YORK M wgrBt a a4S hc 
day 21st May at 12 noon- Sung Cuch. Mi»a Ad tmttaapnein 

nCR PhyOta Mate. (ntoHaWO. wry aSTSV’ 

suddemy in hospltoL on 15th May. .rrtattaL.the.Chaneeflpr: 

much toved wtfteaf ebb Rich. Family 
Dowers -only- Donations pteose to 

Mother Theresa. Funeral at it JO 

am oa Tuesday. 20th May at Church gP^W M Bjiu a it .50 
of Blessed Virgin Mary- Bto Wm- **■ Benedious tSutnstonX 

tong. Durham City. 

SVTHERLAMD on May I4tb at home. Otowtata^ 

S HC: 1030 

DUtt FeUowof me Royal society of processors ana sung Euctt. BftdL O 

and the Hon Lady Vanneck, of attended by Vicki Andrews. 
Brampton Square, SW3. The Tessa Bennett, Nina Leek and 
Rev A.E.T. Hobbs officiated. Beverley Walker. Mr John 

„ ... . . . Clarke was best man. 

The reception was held al the 
SSSri % lSS Shire »”• Bodmin, and the 

SS, by wS.^«<,ii?y! SS“” wlD 60 !pml 

Alexis Watkins and Miss m. ■ p p p... , .n 

kms was best man. The marriage took place at the 

A reception was held at Church of St Mary the Virgin. 
Boodle's and the honeymoon Micheldever. Hampshire, on 
will be spent abroad. Saturday. May 10, of Mr Rupert 

PurcelL elder son of Mr and Mis 
Mr C. de B. Gurney Denis Purcell, and Miss 

and Miss L. Harvey Annabel Wilson, eldest daugh- 

The marriage took place on May ter of Mr and Mrs Nevil Wilson. 
10. in Hobart, Tasmania, be- The Rev Timothy Fyfle offici- 
tween Mr Christopher de Bathe ated, assisted by tbe Rev John 
Gurney, and Miss Linda Harvey. New. 

The bride was given in mar- 
Mr L Salto- riage by her father and was 

and Miss M. Kelson - attended by Miss Rosalind WiL 

The marriage took place on May son. Amy Jeffcock and Thomas 
16, in Richmond, of Mr Ian Hunt. Mr Anthony Cox was best 
Saher and Miss Marcia Kelson, man. 

Squadron Leader Albert Ed- 
ward Cooper, who was Con- 
servative MP for Ilford South 
from 1950 to 1966 and again 
from 1970 to 1974, died on 
May 12, aged 75. 

Bora on September 23. 
1910. he was educated at the 
London College for Choristers 
and in Australia and New 

A career in business was 
interupted by the Second 
World War. He joined the 
Royal Air Force in 1941 and 
served as a navigator in a 
Mosquito squadron and later 
at Coastal Command head- 
quarters. He was made an 
MBE (military division) in 
1 946. 

Cooper was keenly interest- 
ed in local government and 
had been elected a member of 
Ilford Borough Council in 
Essex at the early age of 24, 

HC: 10.30 M. Bencdirtus (SutnstonX 
Te Deuu «nne»ocu, very Rev Aten 
w ebMtar M6 Ejgtopg R e»a>e 

Services tomorrow: Whitsunday 

■opi To M. — - I I. ■ - ■ — , . 7 - 

AnOQuariev. dear brother of Vivien 
Ingram and toved stepfather of Ann 
Barlas. FamUy funeral. Memonal 
service to be anan ged later. Dona- 
ttoos if desired to wesuntrater 
School Devetopraent Fund. 6a Deans 
yanl. SW1. 

TUT On iSth May 1986. tn 
Sktmouth. peaccfuBy alter a tag ID- 
pess. Joy viola in6e JtamdU 
Beloved wtfe of Brigadier A. (John) 
Tilly and a very dear mother and. 
grandmother. Funeral private. Ftem- 1 
By flowen only, but du u attom to i 
SUraoutb Landscape Appeal- c/o I 
Lloyds Bank. High St SWroouth. 
gracefully recewed in Ueo. 

TOAL Dr Anne, on May I *»« 1986 
p p n rp i itoy ■» Si Thomas's Hospital. 
London, aged 61. dearly wvgd- Re- 
autem Mora at SI Peters Church. 
Portland ptL Hove. Sussex al 
2.00pm on Tbiasday 22nd May. 
Family (lowers only. Donattons. U 
desired, to Scanner Appeal, c/a Su- 
perintendent Radiographer. SI 
Thomas’s HospitaL Lambeth. 


SOSENFELD • Ben. In every tovtng 
msnofy of my dating nusomd who 
passed away five years ago. Remem- 
bering always with love. Deeply 
trussed and forever to my thoughts. 

tHowefioL O saqrum amviyiura 
Rl Bev E G KiteWrflsher: 
Evensong and Procession, 
or the Lord (Etaar). Rl Rev 

i jVuutoOn 

strtnaj. The GoWen Seauace. tne 
very Rev Devtd Edwanto: 3 E. TJ* 

Service (Gibbons). The Sptrit 

Lord Hhort Canon peter 

9. 12. BJO. 7 LM: 10-30 Sita Eu«3i. 
Missa -oum comp l ere n rar (Pale- 
stnnai. Factus cst repente tAWdnger): 
Vespers and Bene«ucr*on- 
pram tonii^iestrtoBjL 


lO: 12 16: oj LM: II. Itol 
Musa txmaocato (Perosn. Factus eg 
repente tAtaunger]. Father Mictiaei 

radts. SWT: ll M. the Chaplain: 12 


UMC&IVS inn CHAPEL: 11.30 

nanOs (Purcell). Be* F v a Bowse. 
CoUegiura n eg ate IHowefisX Come. 
Holy Ghost (AttwoodL Rev wimani 

BJO HC 11.15 MP and HC. Come 
Holy Ghrat < A (wood). Re spons es 
mutben-Baitt. Te Oeoro Laudamus 
tstanforo to CL Jidtelaie Deo (Stmtfocd 

^■ < ?LoIreSr?DANES fRAF Churchi 
EC4 3.30 HC: 11 Eucb. the ReaMent 

CHAPEL ROYAL Hampton Cotsf 

lam: 3.30 E. O God uie King of Glory 
•PurceUL O Clap your Hands (Gib- 


(Kodaly). Dum compjermtur (Pale- 
strina). the vicb. 

ChUdran's Service: 1 1 M Rev JHl 
Ores: & L Rev CEL Thomson. 
8H& It Parish Communion. Preb F 
Piachauct 6 E. Rev N Weir. 
Audley Street: B.15 HC: II Sung 
Euch. Mtssa Aaunda est Marta 
(Palest rina*. Lmwuiuut van is 
Unguis ITaHisj. Come Thou Holy 
SufriL Come CPatesmnaX Rev a W 

HOLY TRINITY. Btu nttlCon Road. 
SWT: 8.30 HC II ll to J A I 
Millar: MO ES. Rev P J 8 Ptaon. 
HOLY TRINITY. Prince Caoson 
Road. SW7: R3Q HC: 11 EuctL Rev 

TRINITY. Soane Street. SW I: 
8 50. 1 8-10 HC: I0L50 Euch. Canon 


«eitl tvwonaj; i.So Eft B. O Lora 

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Morgan: 6oO £ with Procropon. 
Mtotota. AseendU Dna (ByrdX Uie 

err bridCts. Fleet strecL EC4. a JO 
HC: II M and Eucn- Te Deum 
Hanford tn CL Gloria (Stanford In Cl. 
canon John Oates: .6.30 E. Dura 
C a m ple rentu r iPalentrinaX Rev Oub- 
topher Lowmn. 


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n. io-s) H& 9AS Euch. O fora Soiet 
wa»_<Stanford>. tne Vicar: Soln 

1 1.30 M. BeaUauoruni vtatStaiHoftn. the 
Rev Philip Chester: SAiTaineM SW7 
Service: a.16 E. Resoonses (TalHsi. n h 
PK. pesceniung iJ .Harveyt: Vem 

fc 50 ES. Rl Re v Tre vor Huddlestone. __ 
B. 12 30 HC: 9 30 

serving as an alderman from 
1947 to 1952. He lectured 
widely in local government 
and was recognized as one of 
the Conservative Party's fore- 
most authorities on the 

At the general election of 
1945 he was Conservative 
parliamentary candidate for 
Dagenham but was unsuccess- 
ful. Two years later he was 
adopted for Ilford South and 
won the seat from Labour in a 
four-cornered contest by a 
majority of 4.529. 

Cooper, who was a vigorous 
and forceful speaker, was par- 
liamentary private secretary 
to the President of the Board 
of Trade from 1952 to 1954. 

He married, first, in 1933. 
Emily Muriel Nelder, and 
second, in 1978. Margaret de 
Gignac. There was one daugh- 
ter of the first marriage. 

ST Stephens Gloucester Rood. 

SW7: 8. 9. LM: i 1 HM. Missa stiruie 
«l reouum iCuefreroi. Rev Graham 
solemn Eyerewww 
Benediction. Rev Perry Bnlkr 
ST VETDA8T. Foster Lane, EC2= 11 
Sung Euch. Fiai voiunias tua 
JAntoTegen). Vem. Sana sptairu 

jju yrt. wij li HM. Missa Ascrado ad 
Palrem iPalmtrlna.. AscvrSt^DeS 
'“mips*: 6 LM and Benediction. 

j^ND. Pont Street. SWi: uTRev 
H Bum 3 Ro0enson: 6 - 5 °- John 

STMAHI-S. Bourne St 9. 9.46. 7.1S. 
LM: 11 HM. Come, thou Holy 

Paraclete (Palestrina L Come. Holy 
Ghosl lAtTwoodL O Lord. Ihy 

Holy SpWI (Tallis). FT M 
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(Purcetn. Regina csHl (AicmnserX u 
ye Love Me crams). 
gr . MARYLEBONE. Ma ry I e bon p 
goad. WL 8. 11 HC. Missa Bmll In 
D iMozart). Lgqueeantur vane Unauu 
fTallei Rev C K Hamm Cootur SSo 

Sung Euch. II ye Love Me rrainsx uie 
Rec tor. 

ST PAUL'S. Roben Altai 

11 HC. 

Cnrg Cutely. 

ULJ6. w Ul or Place. SWI: 8. 9 
11 Sotenui Euch, MKsa 8mu in 

hc: SWOW i Eitii. MSsa Bn. 


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Cabinet rift on 
where to place 
frigates order 

By Rodney Cowtra, Defence CorresiKHideflt 

Mr George Younger, Secre- 
tary of State for Defence, is 
coming under pressure from 
Cabinet colleagues to use or- 
ders worth about £350 mil- 
lions for Type 23 Duke dass 
frigates to ease the crisis in the 
shipb uilding industry. 

Mr Younger is due to place 
orders for three of those 
frigates this summer, but there 
are conflicts within the Gov- 
ernment about whether he 
should place them in such a 
way as to obtain the best value 
for money for the defence 
budget, or whether he should 
take account of the wider 
social issues. 

The Cabinet is particularly 
sensitive on that issue because 
of the controversy which 
broke out this week over 
British Shipbuilders’ intention 
to make 3,500 workers redun- 
dant in merchant shipyards. It 
is understood that the Prime 
Minister is keen that the 
orders should be used to ease 

Mr Younger is believed to 
be arguing that if because of 
wider social and political con- 
siderations any of the orders 
were to be placed in yards 
other than those which make 
the lowest bid, the extra cost 
should be met from sources 
other than the defence budget 

Almost certainly the minis- 
try could obtain the best 
financial deal by ordering all 
three ships from one yard, 
though that would imply a 
slower rate of delivery than if 

it spread the orders through 
several yards. 

The ministry is to be ques- 
tioning whether it is settable 
to place an order purely to 
keep a yard open, if it looks as 
though there will be insuffi- 
cient demand to sustain it in' 
the long run. 

Mr Michael Heseltine, then 
Secretary of State for Defence, 
announced a year ago that it 
was the Government's inten- 
tion to order three Duke dass 
frigates in the middle of this 
year. One of those was to be 
placed with Swan Hunter on 
Tyneside, subject to a satisfac- 
tory price being negotiated, 
and the other two were to be 
placed as the result of a 
competitive tender. 

It is understood that negoti- 
ations with Swan Hunter nave 
proved difficult, with the min- 
istry presang for a lower price 
than the shipyard is offering. 

Four yards - Yarrow on 
Clydeside, Swan Hunter, 
Vosper Thoraycroft on the 

SOUth coast, and Pamm pir 

Land on Merseyside - have 
bid for the orders, and the 
ministry is thought to be 
considering their revised “best 
and final bids". 

Vosper Thoraycroft and 
Swan Hunter are in particular- 
ly severe need of new work, 
and there have been warnings 
that Yarrow, which is building 
the first of the Duke dass 
frigates, could soon have to 
lay off workers if it foiled to 
win an order for at least one of 
the three now in prospect. 

Pay split on the buses gj-* 

The chairman of London 
Regional Transport has been 
awarded a £7,500 salary in- 
crease at the same time as 
London's busmen have been 
told they will have to take 
wage cuts of up to £50 a week 
to save jobs. 

two-year arrangement, back- 
dated to the Government's 
takeover of London Transport 
from the Greater London 
Council in 1984. 

Union representatives at 
LRT are said to be angered by 
the rise. They are fighting 

Dr Keith Bright will receive wage cuts, which LRT says are 
a £55,000 salary — about 33 necessary to combat private 
per cent higher than the bus companies with cheaper 
£42,000 he received after tak- operation costs 

ing over from Sir Peter Mase- " However 
field in .1982. man said ti 

The rise, which has been salary is 
approved by the Department £51,000 he 
of Transport, win be paid in a industry. 

However, an LRT spokes- 
man said that Dr Bright's new 
salary is way below the 
£61.000 he earned in private 

BA jobs 

By Michael Baity 
Transport Editor 

British Airways . is cam- 
paigning to save thousands of 
jobs after a sharp downturn to 
transatlantic air traffic. 

The airline has suffered a 
drop of more (fan 10 per cent 
on the North Atlantic route, 
which provides it with about 
£700 million a year, a quarter 
of total revenue, with US 
toraists canrrlllng flights ea 
an unprecedented scale stoct 
the Tripoli bombing and the 
Cfeemobyi dSsaasfter. 

Mr Coito Marshall, British 
Airways' chief ex ec uti ve, yes- 
terday dismissed reports that 
the airline's privatization 
plans, and up to 7000 jobs* 
were at risk. He said- all 
departments had been asked 
to make economies to deal 
with what he saw as a short- 
term problem. 

However, he refosedto give 
details of cost-cotttog mea- 
sures until the April and May 
results had been analysed. 

Mr Marshall did not dose 
the door to (rather cuts to 
British Airways staff already 

and warned: “It will be very 
much our fault if we foil to lake 
quick and effective action to 
overcome the problem”. 

Mr Nicholas Ridley, Secre- 
tary of State for Transport, 
said he still hoped to p ri v at iz e 
tire airline in the c urr e nt 
finamial year. 

Speaking on breakfast tele-, 
vision, be described US tour- 
ists as “stupid” and “chicken” 
fra refusing to visit Britain for 
fear of terrorism and radfeao- 
tmty. It was “complete 
rubbish” to suggest that Brit- 
ain, with its safe airports and 
airBaeS' was unsafe to visit at 
the present tune. 

Lord King , British A ir w ay s 
chairman, is expected to 
squash reports that privatiza- 
tion has been abandoned when 
he reports next week on 
improved results fra the airline 
in the past financial year. 

Mr Marshall, writing hi 
British Airways Alton, said 
that the moves bring consid- 
ered were “an exceptional 
measure designed to carry as 
successfully through what I 
hope and believe is a short- 
term problem”. 


Knar Khalifa setting off from the relief camp near 
Khartoum yesterday to launch the Sport Akfcampmgn. 


JEhartoma (Reuter Omar 
Khalifr,* champion atiddte- 

dfetance rmmer fro® drought 
stricken Sudan, fit a torch 
from the embers of a -refief 
camp fixe here . yestevisy, 
launching the worldwide 
“Sport AH” week! to collect 
money to hdp African famine 

'Khalifa started the ceremo- 
ny by jgnitidg a charcoal 
ember at Mmo9i vrikf camp 
on the city- ontskfrto as- a 

symbol of tone for millions. 

the re&ef-camptt Kharttmx, 
c omp leting foe fort leg of a 
journey durtog which he will 
take the symbolic flame to 12 
European cUf . 

His arrival: to New Yurie 
next weekend \wffl mark. -the 
start of a. world wide sponsored 
“Race Against Hate” by mft- 
lioftt of people ar more than 60 
co un trie s. It is timed, tohftog 
pressure to hear on the start or 
the United Nations Gesentl 
Assembly’s special session on 
Africa. ..- 

■ Tire campaign fethe product 
of moods of 
.ordtoattog sparred ouhy the 
indeiatiggMe fund-raising 
rock singer Bob Geldat 

Orgamzezs said they hoped 
the campaign, which wflDt to- 
dude d rity events by sports 
stars . such as Martin* 
Navratilova- and -foe West 
Indies cricket team* would 
raise more than foe $80 m8- 
fiou (£50 mflfion) live Aid 
vofo concerts last July. 

“That weald be a idee nouL 
Just today we're bad %3jm 
new tons (or. foe ■ Race 
Time - to Britain 

this isn’t just about 
raising money, it's a symbolic 
action about people getting up 
and moving for African devel- 
opment, and trying to ensure 
that people wifi co n ti nu e to 
act.”. - - 

In thee days foe Itot of 
cities tekrag putt to foe rix- 
mSe wbridwide race on May 
25 had grown frohrl47 to 197, 
she said. 

GridoL m e an wfa ii e, wffl fly 
to Canfrff this morning for the 
final stages of . foe two-day 
Sport Aid tooeraationri rugby 


Sehtffoa to Pnzrie No 17J42 Sotntko to Puzzle No 17JM7 I Todfry’s CYCHfS 

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The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,048 

A prize afUte Times Allas of World History win be given for the 

addressed to : The Times. Saturday Crossword Competition. 
Box 486. 1 Virginia Street, London El 9XN. The winners and 
solution will be published next Saturday. 

The winners of last Saturday's competition are Mrs S Turvey. 19 
Avenue deBude, 1202 Geneva, Switzerland; MrsR. Farr. 43 Alan 
Bullock Close. Caroline Street. Oxford: C. Wiseman. 30 
Ronaldsay Court. Dreghom. Ayrshire. 







■ ■ 


B B B 

■ ■ H 


m m 


■ ■ H 

Mi H HU 


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■US Sal 

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iiBiiii m 

Queen attends the final 
concert of the 1986 Newbury 
Spring Festival, St Nicholas 
Church, Newbury, 7.45. 

New exhibitions 
Overland: Roger Adding, Ei- 
leen Lawrence, David Nash, 
Leon Tarasewicz; Ikon Gallery, 
58-72 John Bright St. Bir- 
mingham; Tues to Sat 10 to 6 
(ends June 14). 

The Barkers of Bath; Victoria 
Ait Gallery, Bridge St, Bath; 
Mon to Sat 10 to 0 (ends June 

Tomorrow’s events 


■ Recital by Jessie Ridley (vi- 
olin) and John Savory (piano); 
Art Gallery, Bury St Edmunds,' 

Recital by Joanna Leslie (vi- 
ola), Malcolm Green (clarinet)’ 
and Anne Smiflie (piano); St 
Boiolph’s Church, Hdpstoo, 
Cambs. 8. 



Births: Edward Jennet; sur- 
geon and discoverer of vacrina- 
tion. Berkeley, Gloucestershire. 
1749; Robert Surtees, novelist 
of sporting life, Durham, 1803; 
Sir Norman Lockyer, astrono- 
mer, Rugby, Warwickshire. 
1836; Erik Satie, composer, 
Honfleur, France, 1866. 

Deaths:' Sandro Botticeffi, 
Florence, 1510; P*nl Dukas, 
.composer, Paris, 1935. 

Births: Joseph Batter, bishop 
and philosopher. Wastage, 
Berkshire, 1692; OHver Heavi- 
side, physicist, London. 1850; 
Bertrand RnsseB. Tlrird Earl 
RnneD, Trdleck, Gwent. 1872; 
Walter Gropius, architect, Ber- 
lin. 1883. 

Deaths: Pierre. -de Beau- 

marchais, dramatist, Paris, 
1799; Gemwe Meredith, nov- 
elist, Box full, Surrey. 1909; 
Gustav Mahler, Vienna, 191 1. 

Gardens open 

This is a good time to install, 
and plant an ornamental pool, 
to addwairaffeliKto'apbM or 
to replace any that have died. 
Remove any blanket weed as it 
grows very quickly in warm 
sunny .weather. 

Try to deal with annual weeds 
as soon as they appear. They are 
touch easier to hoc off when 
very small and with enough snn 
they wifi shrivel upi When larger 
they are harder to . hoe off and 
will have to be raked up. 

Selective weedkillers or 
“weed and feed" mixtures, com- 
bined fertilizer and weedidde. 
may be applied to lawns now. 

“Spot weeders” are also avail- 
able and are exoeDem for treat- 
ing isolated weeds in towns, on 
, crazy paving or paths. 

Than have been develop- 
ments in slug control There Is a 
new “shig cream” dial can be 
put where req ui red and paper 
“slug tapes” impregnated with 
slug killer which 8 dog would 
have to eat a vast number of to 
come to any harm. I 

Any pruning of deciduous 
shrubs such as phitodelphus 
(mock orange) should be com- 
pleted now before the leaves 
hide the branches. These may be 
.branches growing inwards. 

cluttering up the bush. 

British events* page 38 


The BBC •‘.will , present 60 
conceits during the 92ndHenry 
istarls on July 18 and ends on 
September 13. The Prams *86 
tgtnde is nowon sale price' £L25 
or by', post £1.70:<within the 
United Kingdom), £525 (air- 
mail overseas) from BBC 
Publicati ons, P O Box 234, Lon- 
don SE1 3TH. • 

IA; deep itepressioff wfll 
enow northwards to foe 

whfle warm and cold 
fronts taros* aD mens from 

to midnight 


1 What fell off the head and I To change one’s allegiance is 
right into the pudding (8). something wrong (6). 

5 Old county is giving Mac- 2 Admiral discovered in the 
beth a title (6). hold (6). 

9 When Cynthia looks round 3 Soldira bn errand of foigive- 
(4,4). 11658 19 ^ 

10 It can carry one bori- 4 If reception’s feulw. get this 
zontally? Rubbish? (6). in fort place 

12 Thwart appears to go from 6 Tours in this valley (5). 

side to side (5). 7 Leonid's career could be so 

13 Hence the arbiter of sport or described (8). 

entertainment initially (9). 8 Suitable material on a 

14 Lamb’s thesis upon Roast ' vorker ’ ffj nter 07 “»"*«- 

Pig involved Edison with - ■'* * 

artist (12), 11 Causing grief and tenor, a 

18 Successful gardeners keep r ‘°l in ^ 

them at armTlenrth (5,7). 15 A form yidd s mdudmg oil 

21 No heavyweight, said King possibly -a high spot m the 

the newscaster (9). City (9). . . 

. tioo (8). 

^ ^ ^ 19 Though senfle he has a way 
formm^b^anmg^). 10 sugon Doroihy (6). 

wasle^refe^S^ 22 StJBSfi. "* ^ 

Cowtoe crossword page 17 

tor, saV 

tc^ 7 wmTOMOftftow 
Awn: Sflwm VSaw, areMnnU, l»m Eol 
Onmbun an ASB an BrtWof skto of 
Sworn VSie Nursortos; 1 acn.lvgamk 
owU b h . many iVptoes in seraw, rahed 
bodn, troughs, rock w*. poat beds; 

6 . 


Ok H Koi fOTlW o. Bronw a twnw Plow. 

4m s at ImBm, 12m N of downier, 
atflarant to MSO on M17; 6 acre*. 
Sow K iw troto. Shrub*. oMnhouw 
imlOK Mtonm TonacB. Bamaiwn. ML 
war Ponton Strast'and TMrnttt hop* 
unique tmaca at 1830 tousn wftn 
c«w» styto cardans in coWtod cuWa- 

toeiSaOttsS. _ 

OqrntottAiMr ArtmHal, Untofldr.aniS 
of Hwiocti. 4 acros, Mutert 
Intererang flowering shrub* «nd tiwn, 10 


25 Stron g supporter of law re- 
form in the be ginning (g). 

26 Tended to reverse Mo nyr KT . 
but in Latin form (6). 

27 Coeur de Lion for instance 
was less refined about it (8). 

imgyjfngnm M 
ii'ic:--i raramfFi l . / 
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IMVartatatoe Tan Oottaw. Wot Lana. 
Conontoy. NrKtotfte^StSrfStfptonm 
A62S: coaagagwUBn. many oldtehlonod 
plants, tress, ateuto - a ptantsnun's 

gardan; ZSil to £30. P. 

Kb, Cnaaarty awl Sfcyw Atoyange, 
Munkichy; flowadna shre te..fcBg s..afr 
padato rhododenSons; .artifMwn of 

botanical patotfcigs by HaboiHCamawn; 

Newsagent prometis® 




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Rafes and how to play w 3& 

. X9t 




: TbeSovietbkx: has discov- 
ered.- its" own Mary White- 
house, a fierce PoBdi opp- 
anent.'of television _ pom-, 
ography who to re a p in g foe 
authorities^ plan to screen 
. Emanueifo Gochyark Or- 
ange, TheBxorcist,nnd other 
r Western ffinK wfo vitrfent or 
explicitly erotic scenes. . 

The Win section of Folifo 
television' recently an- 

■ nounced that it wQI o pen * 
season of* **borderliiie” ffims 

.which challenge foe normally 
straitlaced standards of com-' 
' ip 1 mist entertamtmmt 

Step forward, Mrs Barbara 
garimi enaak In a Mazing 
a t to cfc in foe Polish equiva- 
lent of TV Times, she .de- 

dared: “The films about to be 

screened are ■ not so- niudx 
conti o veraalg mefodramat- 
•ic, obscene andopenly porno- 
graphic .... ..These . films 
! present violence; pain, , bard 
sex and swear words, and 
disgusting scenes featuring 
vomit and ordure, such as 
those in Bloti-OutT \ 

The French film Blow-Out, 
which depicts a group of 

respectable professionals who 

overeat themselves to death, 
is cm the schedule, as is' 
Cosoiumz, The Decameron, 
and Ken Russell's The Devils, 

The Roman Catholic 
Church is full-square behind 
Mrs Kazunierczak, and in- 
deed three of the fihns — The 
Decameron, FasoimTs Solo, 
and The Devils — are on the 
Vatican blacklist CnlhoHcs.- 
■who make up more than 80 
per cent of the Polish nation, 
arefoerefore banned fayfoefr 
rhnrrft from watching the 

The result of Mrs Kazim- 
ierezak's intervention is a 
fofl-scafe debate about porn- 
ography to a communist 
statp; The sqip ort w of foe 
fikmt argue- tirat they are not 
really pc^noqgEq^ac, that foe 
films, have a real ratistic 
value, and' drat the time has 
come to hrtok .fop xqiiatkm 
■*.‘ca'nLfeffl-p*MS‘--' ' equals . 
prinfety”. . 

■ The- sppead-of foe video 
revototiett — toil esfomtoed 
that some 1QG09QO Polish 
households haye : videos — 
^as made pebpfe demand 
more Western fere da tdevi- 
aon. TV already foows such 

serosas _ . 

Blues and pkffi^ to^screcfi 
Lace, a soapopemhiEsni on a ; 
Shhtey Conran novcL Wea- 
cra B-tnovies, or hettejsp^. 
ty . films several yeas 
- freguentiy find fodr.wa^^ 
to the weekly sdwfofox 

. BkrfeePoT^ 

he s missi&g 
flood Of toe 
Mrs Kazkme _ 

was generally hosti&~ :H Vfe 
can’t afford a video or trips to 
ihe West to watch these Sms 
... Why fe h atwayg-ttiQfr 
who have, watched foe ^ fifes 

ihemsdtoes- who decide for 
tzs? They watched foeto so- 
called obscenities aad-ftcy 
seem to have survived — so 
why shouktaTwef^- 
Another letter, writer said: 
“What can reaSy food a 
Pole? Every .fecoml 'lfohsh 
girt is pregnast:; ai: her 
wedding”- — a foifeons 
st ati s ti c. 

EmamteSe has beoaraefoe 
symbol ef this de privfe j y oa. 
This comraracial 
ing foe erotic educatioh of a 
diploraat's wife ift Thaflaod, 
is, says an approvingi font 
critic, a synonym for “por- 
nography as pratoiscd .ds^ 
where., in tire world fen 
unavailable in our commy”.'- 
In feet, he Jtofensto adit 
does not reveal mere than foe, 
averts Polish film, wife foe* 
reservation foal Potto filmy 
.treat sex with gloom and 
disgust”. /-j •£. 

Non-vkleo ckwrers, miles 
another critic, should pot 
worry too ntod foom 'the 
pornography they are missing 
on the pri va te coatiVtod 
proceeds to give a detailed 
analysis of a porno ' film 
entitled Linda Becomes Pres- 
ident that be recently man- 
aged to view at the home of a 
wealthy friend. 

Poland awaits its pound of 
flesh. Not if Mrs Karim- 
ierezak has anything 10 do 
with it “Let these films, be' 
shown in sdected cinenus for 
a small circle of peopfe let 
them be shown there, if 
nocesaiy, around foe dock. 
.But not an TV —even late at 
night and only once a month. 
And I don't care if] am called 
a prude.” . . - , 

r - 



Around Britain 


S' ■ 





FT 30 Share 
1289.5 (-13.1) 

FT-SE 100 
1564.9 (-10.8) 

S 3 $ , % eam) 


> USDoUar 
1.5240 (-0.0100) 

W German marie 
3.3688 (+0.0009) 

Trade- weighted 

76.0 (-0.1) 1 



John Mowlem, the con- 
struction group, yesterday 
made hs recommended bid 
for SGB, the scaffolding com- 
pany, unconditional after re- 
ceiving more than SO per cent 

: Among the shareholdings it 
will obtain is the 8.9 per cent 
stake held by BET, the trans- 
port and construction services 
group, whose own hostile bid 
for SGB, was cleared by the 
Monopolies Commission yes- 
terday. BET is dropping its bid 
and making a £6.4 million 
-1)1051 on the sale of its shares. 

The Department of Trade 
and Industry also announced i 
yesterday that Iveco’s pro- 
posed purchase of Ford’s 
heavy thick business would 
not be referred to the Monop- 
olies Commission. 

British firms claim victory 
over US trade quotas 

British companies .were 

dent Reagan from introducing 
tough quotas against British 

Strong lobbying brought 
larger quotas on a less restric- 
tive list of products. 

European white' wine, 
sweets and beer are subject to 
quotas from Monday in retali- 
ation for limitations on US 
grains and oilseed exports 
imposed by the EEC when 
Portugal 'joined. 

[ _ Increased tariffs are threat- 
ened for port, brandy, gin, 
liqueurs, cheese and vegeta- 
bles as compensation for lost 
American grain sales to Spain. 
~ Mr Ernest Saunders, the 
chief exucutive of the 
Guinness Group which in- 
cludes Distillers, was among 
British execu tives who met 

Job hopes 
hit by 

From Bailey Morris, Washington 

US officials and argued 
strongly that quotas affecting 
Scotch whisky, included' on 
the original US list, would 
have a disproportionately 
harsh affect on Britain. 

Guinness officiate, working 
with the British Government, 
said that the planned quotas 
on Scotch whisky and beer, 
affecting more than $800 mil- 
lion worth of British trade, 
would result in large lay-offs 
and loss of market share for 
British products. . 

This would damage bilater- 
al relations at a time when 
British support of US policies 
remained strong, officials 

The arguments were made 
in private meetings with 
American commerce and 
trade officiate after the Reagan 
Administration threatened 
massive retaliation last March 

against more than Si billion 
worth of European goods. 

US officials, angered by the 
bade plans marking the aoces- 

tough in its negotiations with 
other countries. At the same 
time, however, the Adminis- 
tration delayed action on the 

sion into the Community of quotas to give the govem- 

Portugal and Spain, said a 
trade war was in the offing. 

But the revised list, affect- 
ing an estimated $61 8 million 
worth of Community goods. 

menls more tune to negotiate 
a solution, officiate said - 
Mr Saunders said he re- 
garded the revised list as a 
good example of what the 

and th&- - delayed effect of private sector can accomplish 
quotas announced by the Rea- when working with the gov- 

ern Administration late on 
Thursday, were evidence of a 
^marshmallow war" rather 
than the full-scale trade war 
both governments had feared, 
US officials 1 said yesterday. 

American officials said the 
announcement of the action 
was intended to demonstrate 
to the US Congress, scheduled 
to vote next week on a inghly- 
proiectionist trade Bill aimed 
at Europe and Japan, that the 
Administration was getting 



£71m issue 

Commercial Union, 

wo- By Teresa Poole 

uid Leading industrialists* 
op. hopes of creating more, jobs 
appear to have been frustrated 
by the Budget. 

The number expecting to 
take on more staff almost 
^ halved over the Budget peri- 

„ FT3OOR0 

composite insurer, is raising si^ey of a 

SwfHoo million (£71 mil- panel ofalmost 200 chair men 
lion) through the issue of a cta efeMcutives from The 
Swiss capital market bond pub_ 

with warrants to subscribe for ax 

ordinary shares. In early March. 43 per cent 

3 said die number of employees 

j was expected to increase* but 

W nitoreaa lip after the Budget this had fallen 

The Whitbread Investment ?° ^^eentsuggKtingffid 
Company increased profits busmessmen had been expect- 
froro £6.12 million to £7.06 ,n * m0 ^ e 
million before tax in the year ™ » ^dwted m the 


Trinlp itamand by tal ® ^ 71 p®" «p* 

1 l lpic UCI1U11U were expecting no change in 
Three new issues have been staff numbers, 
oversubscribed. At PE Inter- ' The panel survey, conduct- 
national, a management con- ed by Audience Selecfioh, also 
sul fancy. there were revealed serious criticisms, of 
applications for 4.8 million education and training for 
shares; agrinst the 4.4 million business and industry. / 
on _ offer. John Haggas, a ■' . Only ,17 per cent thought 
V’orkshire textile company that the measures announced 
was subscribed 1.6 times and in the Budget would tram 
Arlington Securities, a proper- young people to standards 
ty company, was thought to achieved m other industrial 
fiave been oversubscribed countries, 
more than 10 times. Only 38 per cent expected to 

Tempos, page 23 take on more young people as 
a result of the Government's 
rQxftl colp new incentive schemes. Nine 

b7Jiu out of ten thought improved 

. British Land is buying a £93 training should be made a 
million property portfolio national priority, 
from Legal & General Assur- a further survey of 454 top 

mce (Pensions Man a^m ent). British directors showed that 
The portfbho - it has ainarket #Sixty nine per cent 

raluc of U03.1 mflUon - thought the big bang in the 
ndudw 49 properties of cit^uld make no difler- 

Gloomy week for shares 

By Richard Lander 

Whitbread up 

The Whitbread Investment 
Company increased profits 
from £6.12 milli on to £7.06 
million before tax in the year 
to March 31. Net assets rose 
from 206p to 31 lp. 

Tempos, page.23 

Triple demand 

Three new issues have been 
oversubscribed. At PE Inter- 
national, a management con- 
sultancy. there were 
applications for 4.8 million 
shares; against the 4.4 million 
on . offer. John \ Haggas, a 
Yorkshire textile company 
.was subscribed 1.6 times and 
Arlington Securities, a proper- 
ty company, was thought to 
have been oversubscribed 
more than 10 times. 

Tempos, page 23 


. British Land is buying a £93 
million property portfolio 
from Legal & General Assur- 
ance (Pensions Management). 
The portfolio — it has a market 
value of £103.1 million — 
includes 49 properties of 

Depression over pending 
rights' issues and heavy falls 
on Wall Street sent die Lon- 
don stock market into a sharp 
nosed fve for the third 
successive day yesterday. 

The FT-30 share index 
ended 12.7 points down at 
L289.9, despite receiving a 
Blip from bargain bnnteis 
after shedding more than 21 
points at mu stage. 

The mdex has now dropped 
513 points since Wednesday 

£714 million rights issue, and 
stands abont 10 per cent down 
on its all-time peak set mi 
April 3. Since that date the 
market has been asked for £2 
billion in rights money. 

There was further gloom on 
Wall Street as investor confi- 
dence continued to be under- 
mined by a weak Treasmy 
bond market and rising Amer- 
ican money supply. The Dow 
Jones Industrial average, 
which lom 34 points on Thnrs- 

emuient to make its concerns 
known at the highest level 

But the prospect of a divi- 
sive trade war, though less- 
ened, remains, in the opinion 
of some European Communi- 
ty officials. 

Mr Willy die Ckrq, bead of 
External Relations for the 
Community, issued a state- 
ment yesterday deploring the 
US action which he said was 
unnecessary and confronta- 

in US 
drinks bid 

By Derek Harris 

IiHtnqfrial Editor 

Cadbury Schweppes, the 
drinks and confectionery 
group, is negotiating to take 
over the Canada Dry and 
Sunkist soft drinks division of 
RJ Reynolds Nabisco, the 
American tobacco and foods 

R J R Nabisco is the 
world's fifth largest soft drinks 
company largely because of 
the sales of Canada Dry and 
Sunkist, according to the 
North Carolina headquarters 
of the company. 

A substantial deal could be 
involved but Cadbury Sc- 
hweppes would not elaborate 
on its announcement confirm- 
ing there bad been negotia- 

Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

Cheer for societies 
despite Catch 33 

Building societies are riding on the aware of. Mr Cox's conference wam- 
crest of a wave in the run-upi to the ing not to relax lending requirements 
passing of the Building Societies Act, now gains even more force, 
which will allow them to expand in a A r** j ■ i <* * i 

limited way from their traditional A Still OnnK IOT Allied. 

b®*- , . . , . Elders IXL yesterday joined the lively 

Horae loan business has been debate on Allied-Lyons’s proposal 
smashing all records. It is now can$2.6 billion (£1.2 billion) ac- 
becoming clear, however, that the qu j s ition of Hiram Walker's drinks 
legislation will aim to ensure that they division, attacking the deal as expensive 
do not directly use the provision of an d defensive 

bQme lo ^7V iei ir n fr,r 1 ^ Australian brewer reckons a price 

secure market share in the new f t . s 8 i 

taritories they are being allowed to ^ risin g^ a p^fble lsS if 

i- pio.iH. xx «*• Hiram’s first half decline in profits 

fiLSf continues « the second halt is too 
^ much for 3 business with a static profit 

2? « record. It also suggests that a “massive” 
£622 million for goodwill would lead to 
reduc1ion in AIIied ' s net tansible 

loans — which the society provides. 

This is very much a thorn in the 
side of the societies as Roy Cox, the 
chairman of the Building Societies 
Association, was at pains to point out 
at the recent BSA conference at 
Bournemouth. For these friendly and 
trusted institutions could immedi- 
ately capture a strong share in these 
new businesses, if they imposed a link 
between them and home loans. 

Mr Cox objected to clause 33 on the 
grounds that other institutions are not 
subject to such constraints and there- 
fore there was no “level playing field ” 
on which the societies could compete. 
This is misguided. The tenor of the 
Bill, with its emphasis on traditional 
lending and restrictions on extraneous 
activities by societies, makes it clear 
that the Government is not 
contemplating precisely even 

Yesterday’s record figures for lend- 
ing activity, corning against the 
background of a new onslaught on the 
mortgage market from the banks and 
newer entrants, should at least keen 
the industry in good cheer. 

Nor are fiinds about to dry up. The 

morning, when the downturn day, had&Hen another 153 
was triggered by National points to 1,75935 for noon. 
Westminster Bank's massive - Market report, page 23 

New attack on Savoy 

which 62 per cent by ralueare to ube markets in which 

City and West End offices. they operated. 

• Managers thought 

City and West End offices. 

Bell talks 

Mr Robert Holmes a Court, 
head of Bell Group, who is 
attempting to take over Bro- 
ken Hill Proprietary, told a 
Securities Commission bear- 
ing in Melbourne that he Iras 
aim discussed buying Elders 
IXL with its chairman, Mr 
John Elliott. 

Builder rises 

McCarthy & Stone, a build- 
er of sheltered housing for the 
elderly, raised pretax profits 
by 23 percent to £5 million in 
the half year to ^February 28. A 
one-for-five rights issue to 
raise£19 million is proposed. 

Tempos, page 23 

Marley move 

Marley has waived the con- 
dition of its recommended 
offer for Thermafite Holdings 
that the acquisition not be 
referred to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission. 

• Managers thought 
buyouts were the most benefi- 
cial way to deal with ailing 
British companies and were 
preferred by 45 per cent 

BAT selloffs 
half complete 

BAT Industries, which an- 
nounced in January that it 
planned to sell 93 of its 269 
American stores for about 
$600 million, said yesterday it 
had reached agreements cov- 
ering 46 of those on offer. 
Negotiations on most of the 
others are at an advanced 

By CKff Fetthxm 

The Savoy Hotel group is sharehc 
once again under attack from by a tbi 
its longtime opponent and • a 
main shareholder. Trustbouse ■ holders 
Forte. says tbs 

Lord Forte's group is trying “tore . si 
to prevent the Savoy from able for 
obtaining the power to issue fee vot > 
new shares -at its annual abnonn 
meeting on May 27. The l 

Trustbouse Forte owns 69 
per cent of- the Savoy equity, & y d 
but because there are two mict y , 
classes of shares it controls 
only 42 per cent of the votes. ^ un( 

It claims that if the present votes, 
proposals go ahead and the Last ] 
maximum number of high man sai 
voting B shares were issued, ing the 

shareholders could be diluted 
by a third. 

In a letter to Savoy share- 
holders, Trustbouse Forte 
says that a resolution to issue 
more shares would be reason- 
able for most companies, “ but 
the voting position in Savoy is 

The letter also alleges that a , 
concert party arr a ngement 
may exist between certain 
Savoy directors and charitable 
trusts and nominee compa- 
nies which together could total 
just under 50 per cent of The 

tions and that a further -societies' liquidity ratios - the 
statement would be made. percentage of their assets in liquid 
R J R Nabisco also would form — are up, and sufficient to absorb 
not comment. It acquired any small decrease in the inflow of 
Canada Dry from the Dr retail deposits. High real interest rates 
Pepper »ft drinks group and for investors make it unlikely that last 
2? Cmema month's rise in retail deposits will be 
reversed. And the ability to pay 
Suakfn intere st gross on wholesale funds has 
is one of the most prominent been successfully exploited to provide 
roft drinks brands in the US. a ready source of money ^ 

In other countries it is As usual the South is leading the 
rommon for production] to demand for mortgage finance. The 
^ 'u J OTmu lf’ combination of falling .interest rates 

^ and rising prices is proving too much 
c*h£ compan,es h ‘ of a temptation. People are either 

In Britain Canada Drv is on t0 the bandwagon or 

produced und^flicSrinp ™ovmgjip to maximize potential 
agreement by Britannia Soft caP 1 ^ gam. 

Drinks^ in which three of The threat to supplementary benefit 
Britain's big six brewers have funding of mortgage interest an- 
”! 11 5 ®, p ?,|j2 t pounced on Thursday gives societies a 
little cause for concern. Some people, 
Lyons with “per cent each. particulariy ^ self-employed, m£ht 

^ nd of Iast .y 631 ’ not leap so recklessly into home 
SEEifhl ownership, now that the government 
cSS Cola, the worM^argest safety is to be scaled down. This is 
soft drinks company to form a something for the societies too to be 

the voting power of ordinary with our lawyers. 

Last night a Savoy spokes- Joint company to handle the 
man said: ** We are consider- bottling, canning and distribu- 
ing the contents of the letter tion of Schweppes drinks and 

Elders has support for its view in the 
City. Leading brewing and leisure sector 
analyst Colin Mitchell of Buckmaster & 
Moore for one is strongly opposed to the ! 
acquisition. But Allied too has support 
among those who believe the deal is 
strategically sound. 

Allied's own wines and spirits di- 
vision is too small and too domestically 
orientated to climb easily into the world 
league. By acquiring Hiram it buys at 
one stroke a worldwide distribution 
network for Allied's stronger brands like 
Harveys and Cockbum. It also strength- 
ens its defences should John Elliott 
renew his assault on Allied as he has said 
he will given clearance by the Monopo- 
lies and Mergers Commission. 

The question of price is more ticklish. 
The difficulty of valuing brand names 
like Courvoisier and Kahlua is that 
noboby knows what they are worth until 
someone like Allied declares what it is 
prepared to pay. Guinness paid around 
17 times prospective earnings for a 
clutch of Distillers' brands: that suggests 
that Allied's price is not far out of line. 

Allied takes comfort from offers it has 
received for parts of Hiram's drinks 
empire, which have confirmed its 
opinion of the value of the business. In 
addition Gulf Canada, Hiram Walker 
Resources’ new owner, is fighting 
Allied's acqusition in the Canadian 
courts. Tt cannot think Allied is paying 
- over the odds. 

Allied is adamant there will be no 
earnings dilution. Asset dilution will 
also be .much mitigated by the. signifi- 
cant revaluation surplus expected on 
Hiram's C$1.32 billion historical cost 

The final question is one of growth. 
Colin Mitchell believes Hiram’s busi- 
ness may have gone ex-growth. Allied 
feels there is plenty of potential in 
promoting Courvoisier in the Far East, 
cordials in America and Kahlua in the 
rest of the world. 

Shareholders will be asked to vote 
their approval for the deal at an 
extraordinary meeting on May 27. It 
seems unlikely that Allied wifi fall at 
that particular hurdle. More testing are 
competition authorities in Britain, Can- 
ada and America and the court chal- 
lenge by Gulf Canada at the end of June. 

Coca Cola products in Britain. 

Labour costs underline 
economy's weaknesses 

BAT has disposed of its 39 
Kohl's stores through a man- 
agement buyout and sold 
three of its Gimbet stores in 
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to 
the May group. But it has 
decided to retain four GrinbeJ 
outlets in Milwaukee, Wiscon- 
sin, by transferring them into 
hs Chicago-based Marshall j 
Field division. 


SSjSSs. 1760-17 (-14-51) 

JSSdow..... 15739.05 (-185.64) 

SSSsSw 1787438 (-7 jOg 

Amsterdam: Gen 2823 (-&5| 

SydnyAO — - 1 194.3 (Bamej 

IlSuLneral — - — 527.60 (-543) 



Amstrad 554p(+f; 

Greene King ■■■•236P(+! 

Wootwprth a00p(-f-Z 

Dixons 344p t+lt 

Equity & Law 266p (+1t 

266p (+18) 

dement Clarke — ■ — 175p f+201 

BHP 38 0PJ+™ 

ET Sutherland W(+7 

Berkeley Group 440p (+25 

GMjrrtJyGenss 14«g (+27 

gg£= — -JjS&Si 

BfueCircte .- 

By David Smith 

Economics Correspondent 

The sharp rise ia Knit faboar 
, costs m Britain’s manufactur- 
ing industry, annomced this 
week, is a sharp reminder that 
fundamental weaknesses m 
foe economy re m a in, seven 
years after Mrs Thateber set 
out to change the old had 

Unit wage and salary costs 
simply measme a- c om pany's 
pay MO, divided by the nonber 
of nuts or bolts that foe 
company produces. They are 
deteraiined by foe number of 
peopte-employed, the amount 
that each person is paid and 
the productivity ■ of the 

In foe. first quarter of this 
year, rant wage and salary 
costs were up by 83 per cent 
on a year earlier. First-quarter 
figures for other cmmtrks are 
not yet available bat foe 
comparisons fin- last year, 
when Britain's anit wage costs 
rose by jost over 6 per cent, tel] 
most of the sad story. 

In Italy, foe rise was 4 per 
cent, in foe United States and 
Canada 2 per eat France 
recorded a 1 per cent rise in 

No.1 International 
Unit Ihust over 
1,3,5 and 7 years. 

Unit labour costs 
in manufacturing 




£ 1-513 



& $1.5240 
E: DM3.3688 
£: SwFr2.B072 
E: FFr10.7290 

£: Index- 76 l0 

New Yorfc- - ... 
£: SI 5240 
S; DM25105 
S: frideoc 114.4 

ECU £0.637426 
SDR £0.766552 


3^onth ehfftJta 
buytng rata 


Grand Met — 




Barratt -■■■-?—“ 

McCarthy 8 Stone 
Brit 4 Commonweann .. 
WBBs FMw’ 

Boosey & Hawkes 

Penttand — 

Lloyds — 


London • 

225.50 > - 

llnu Yflric 

cSmex 5342^343.30 

workforce. are inerearing has been stack 

In foe. first quarter of this at 725 to 8 per cent for the past 
year, vak wane and sabuy three years. . 
costs were np for 83 per cent when such vase increases 
on a year eariier. Firefrqpa ricr were mainly <^by rapidly 
figures for otiOT coantries are risfog pnxfoctirity, unit bibear 
not "Jet awaiteMs feat the costs rose only modestly. 

comparisons fin last year, ... . — 

when Britain's uiit wage costs ** 

rose by just over 6 per^mt, tell economy tovmg fidtered and 
nnst nf the sad sterv tnraei down, prodBCtmty 

In Italy, foe risTWas 4 per Brewfo ha s disappeared. IVfaii- 
cent, in foe United States and "Metering wtpnt fidl by 13 
Canada 2 per France E? cent m “s* smarter of 
recorded a 1 per cent rise in 

unit wage costs, while in Japan w ile onti mt per 

and Germany, there was no “* ■ 

iihtwisi* at afl. 03 per cent, ds first fall since 

Why are Britain's htanr 

costs rising so sharply? Earn- . The foil in productivity 
-ines m ntaimfechiring -In came in spfte a fmther dn® 
IVforch were 7.7 percent upon in foe ■ amber of people em- 
a year earlier, with an mulerly- ployed in mamifactaring. 

fog rise estimated at 8 35 per FalfiE^ prodnctblty has tire 

cent. For .the whole economy, effect of fleceetnating, hi anit 
earnings rose by 8.6 per cent, wage terms, fast gro wi n g earn- 
.«■ 73 percent ings. The firs^qnartar m- 

It is now plain that wage crease in manufacturing 
increases are not coming down e&rnmgs compared with a year 
In line with inflation. Average earlier - 8 per cent - trans- 
ea raings are increasing by two lates into foe 83 cent rise 
and_a half times , times The in anft costs when foe fitH in 
April inflafom rate of 3 per productivity is added in. . 
cent. The bad news on unit wages 

•The rate at which earnings fcconring borne to roost for tee 

earfler — 8 per cent — trans- 

April inflation rate of ,3.|er 
cent. . •' 4 

■ The rate at which earnings 

economy m two hnportant 
ways. As long as real wages 
are increasing at foe present 
rate, employers will substitute 
capital for tabomr, reducing 

This effect is anderimed by 
foe prospect of falling interest 
rates and decfiuing material 
and fad costs. In April, manu- 
facturing industry's raw mate- 
rial and fuel costs were 9 per 
cent down on a year earlier. 

Sharply rising unit wage 
costs will quickly feed through 
to a farther deterioration in 
Britain's trade performance, 
unless there is a compensating 
drop ia foe exchange rate. 

There are signs that trade 
conk) start to act as a con- 
straint mi growth. In March, 
there was a record monthly 
trade deficit of £1,138 rnSUfon, 
only partly due to the sharp 
drop In au prices. Britain’s 
non-oil trade balance was m 
deficit for £34 billion in foe 
first quarter. 

Sooner at : fatter, an economic 
recovery based on strongly 
rising real wages had to ran 
into trouble. For a long time, 
oil disguised the problem. But 
this is no longer foe case. 





"Source Planned Savngs. Offer to Bid. Iraome Reinvested 1/VB& 

Above you see the results of £1000 invested 
in the Oppenheimer International Growth 
Trust placing it top out of all international 
unit trusts over all the periods shown? 

Our style of international fund manage- 
ment is different 

We buy the shares that we want wherever 
they may be, regardless of the established 
international capital weighting. 

Our performance has benefited from some 
aggressive positions, at times over 40% in one 
geographical area. 

The risks of such active management can 
be great but, as you can see, so can 
the rewards. 

To see how the Oppenheimer 

International Growt h 'Bust is pres- 

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A member company of the Memantte House Groni. 




-• v .’* r- 


*“ v ; ^ i& 





McCarthy & Stone, the pio- 
neering builder of homes for 
tne elderly, is using up cash 
almost as East as it makes it. 

Yesterday, along, with a 
good set- of half-time figures, 
ihe gftwp returned to the 
market for its third limits 
in as many years. 

This time it is asking for 
£19 mil/ion on the basis of 
one new share at 235p for 
. every five held. The existing 
shares slipped 35p to 260p. 

Pretax profits rose by 23 
per cent to just over £$ 
million during the first half of 
this year, with earnings per 
share up 27 pear cent and the 
dividend up by 22 per cent 

Profits on the units sold 
were maintained but the mar- 
gins have come under ior . 
creasing pressure as the costs 
of moving into other busi- 
nesses have risen sharply, 
reflected in a steep jump in- 
the interest bilL- 

During the six months 
McCarthy & Stone sold a 
best-ever 670 units, up from 

But the. group is now 
working on half as many sites 
as ii was a year ago, creating 
additional demand for cash 
at a time when it is busy 
setting up a number of related 

These include nursing 
homes and. more sheltered 
accommodation overseas. 
The first units in Jersey , will 
be occupied this summer and 
construction is underway on 
a development of 47 holiday 
apartments in Majorca. 

But benefits from' these 
activities will not- show 
through until next yeaf. In 
the meantime (he company's 
British developments contin- 
ued suffer niggling problems 
with planning permissions. 

Brokers are looking for an 
outcome of about £1 5 million 
this year with the company 
confidently forecasting signif- 
icant progress. 

Its niche market is- now— 
well established but whether 
the beard can continue to 
maintain the; mpid growth 
rate of recent yearn must-be in 
some doubt - . 

New issues 

The huge number of compa- 
nies planning to join the 
stock market before the sum- 
mer must be having second 
thoughts by.ndw. 

‘ The brave 

will probably continue with 
their plans despite the mar- 
ket's weakness, though they 
may have xo cut thdr original 
- estimates .of their own worth. 

A few-weeks ago new issues 
were nearly all oversub- 
scribed, but recently senti- 
ment has turned. PE Inter- 
national, a management con- 
sultancy, yesterday announ- 
ced that its striking price had 
been set at the minimum 
tender level, indicating insuf- 
ficient interest to justify a 

. John Haggas, a Yorkshire 
textile company, said its offer 
for sale was oversubscribed 
but it looks as if interest was 

Arlington Securities, 
a property company, howev- 
er was probably oversub- 
scribed more than 10 times. 

In most cases stags have 
carried shares to a premium 
when dealings start, but some 
later trade ax a discount 
Yesterday Templeton Gal- 
braith's shares were 205p, 
against an offer price of 215p 
and a high of 234p. 

Its price is 
of particular interest for po- 
tential investors in GT Man- 
agement, another fund man- 
agement group, which is due 
to come to the stock market 
in July. But GT said yester- 
day that it was not concerned; 
it is pushing ahead with its 
planned flotation. 

. Lee International, the film 
lighting company , is trading 
at 157p, 23p below its offer 
for sale price, and Technol- 
ogy Project Services, an engi- 
neering employment agency, 
at 128p, stands at a 12p 
discount to its placing price. 

Even Underwoods, the 
London based high street 
chemist, whose tender was so 
succesful that the striking 
price was set 65p above the 
mjninm tender price at 180p, 
has now come back to 176p- 
That has not stopped TipTop 
Drugstores, a more recent 
arrival, from trading at a 20p 
premium. ■- 

Discounts are by no- means 
nniversaL- Laura. Ashley,. 
Gold Greenlees Trott, foe 
advertising agency and Well- 
come, the pharmaceuti- 
cals company which came to 
the market m February, are 
trading at big premiums. 
Even the Really Useful 
Group, foe Andrew Lloyd 
.Webber company, has prov- 

ed resilient to the market's 

It all points to the populari- 
ty of consumer names. 

Wftitbread Inv 

In theory foe Whitbread In- 
vestment Company is a mar- 
vellous vehicle for providing 
investors with some exposure 
to foe brewery sector. 

As well as owning 55.6 per 
cent of the “B” shares in 
Whitbread, this investment 
trust owns stakes in several of 
the regionals. including 23 
per cent of Boddingtons' 
Breweries, 35 per cent of 
Mansion, Thompson & 
Evershed, 41 per cent of 
Morland and 9 per cent of 
Matthew Brown. 

In practice, however,' it 
tends to miss out on some of 
foe excitement of foe sector. 
This is because WIC effec- 
tively dampens takeover 
speculation as soon as it takes 
a stake in a company. 

By buying a shareholding 
in Matthew Brown ax a 
crucial point in the bid, for 
example, it helped to block 
the Scottish & Newcastle 
offer last year. 

The company, 49.9 per 
cent owned by Whitbread, 
works actively to preserve foe 
independence of regional 
breweries. Put another way, it 
stops them falling into the 
hands of Whitbread's 

As a result WICs share 
price tends to underperform 
foe sector. Despite this it 
managed to increase its asset 
backing in the year to March 
31 by 51 percent to 31 Ip. 

By the side of most invest- 
ment trusts, and its own past 
performance, that looks im- 
pressive. Hie share price 
however has failed to keep 
up, and the discount to assets 
is now 25 per cent On 
yesterday’s price of 233p, the 
yield is 4.5 per cent The 
shares are likely to continue 
to underperform. 

The WIC known almost 
universally as foe Whitbread 
umbrella, is coming under 
increasing scrutiny in the 

-Already tbe-Office of Fair 
Trading is looking at the tied 
estate system, and some ob- 
servers expect it to extend its 
investigations further. The 
point at issue is. whether" 
Whitbread restricts free trade 
through the umbrella. 



quickens 9 

Brussels (AP-DJ) — An 
economic recovery in the 
European Economic Commu- 
nity is gaining strength amid 
indications that growth in 
Europe is progressing at a 
faster pace than in the US and 

This is the finding of the 
European Commission's lat- 
est sur vey on the economy. 

The EEC’s economic senti- 
ment indicator, which has 
risen steadily for a year, 
jumped in March to 102.7 
from 102.1 the previous 
month on a further improve- 
ment in consumer confidence 
and a rise in share prices. 

The. Commission said that 
foe EEC's leading indicator is 
now pointing upward more 
sharply than in the US and 

In the US the leading indi- 
cator is not showing signs of 
an upward trend, while in 
Japan an economic recovery 
has only become -apparent in 
the past two months, the 
Commission said. 

The EEC's economic senti- 
ment, which has a basis year of 
1980 equals 100. is composed 
of indicators of .consumer 
confidence, construction and 
industry confidence amnd 
share price indices. 

The Commission said that 
industrial production was not 
responding yet to the brighter 
consumer climate and expec- 
tations of lower interest rates. 

But ft said the slowdown in 
output was likely to be 

Expectations for export or- 
ders are more pessimistic, 
particularly in West Germany 
and Britain. 

scrip issue 
by Amstrad 

The price of shares in 
Amstrad Consumer Electron- 
ics. Mr Alan Sugar's booming 
home computer company, 
will fell by about 80 per cent 
after a four-for-one capitaliza- 
tion issue, announced 

Amstrad said that the move 
aimed to bring its issued share 
capital more in line with the 
overall value of shareholders' 

Hie issue will also improve 
the marketability of Amstrad 
shares, which have risen more 
than eight-fold from 64p since 

The shares rose I5pto544p 
in reaction. 


Shares slide again to end 
a week of depression 

Stock markets ended a thor- 
oughly depressing week on 'a 
dull note. Apart from last 
Tuesday's surprise bounce 
share prices have been -slip- 
ping badly since Nat West 
undermined sentiment with 
its £714 million rights issue on 

The disappointing fall in 
manufacturing output, a 33 
point setback on Wall Street 
and the latest poll showing foe 
Conservatives In third posi- 
tion were enough reasons for 
the renewed gloom which 
confirmation of a 3 per cent 
inflation rate failed to dispell 

Government stocks man- 
aged to half early loses of 
more than a point but the FT 
‘30 share index slid 13. 1 points 
to dose at 1289.5 while foe 
FT-SE closed at 1 S64.9. down 
10.8 points. 

Genuine Investors were 
hard to find and although the 
usual crop of special situations 
provided a few bright spots 
most sectors drifted lower on 
dribbling sales to show fells of 
between 5pand 15p. 

Banks remained in the dol- 
drums with Nat West another 
lOp down at 740p. Royal 
Insurance failed to benefit 
from Thursday's better than 
expected first quarter profits 
15p lower at 917p and Grand 
Met lost 7p to 393p on first 
consideration of their results. 

Blue Circle dipped 12p to 

CONSORTIUM: Figures for 24 
weeks to March 22, 1986. 
Second interim 0-87p, payable 
on May 30, making 1.68p 
(I.16p) for the half-year. Turn- 
over £349. 1 million (£294.8 
million). Pretax profit £12-4 
million (£9.9 million). Earnings 
per share &2Ap (5.22p). 

INGS: Interim dividend 7_5p 
(6p) for the half-year to March 
32, 1986. Turnover £5.07 mil- 
lion (£4.79 million). Pretax 
profit £1.89 million (£1.62 mil- 
lion). Earnings per share 123 Ip 

• RADIO CLYDE: Interim 
dividend 135p (same), parable 
on July 1L Turnover £2.47 
million (£211 million) for foe 
six months to March 31, 1986. 
Pretax profit £314,000 
(£189,000). Profit is after 
deducting an assumed liability 
to IBA secondary rental and 
Exchequer levy, but the precise 
amount cannot be quantified 
until tiie full year’s results are 

661 p on receding hopes of 
lower interest rates but BP at 
5S6p and Shell 776p both up 
3p relfected a steadier oil 
sector after favourable com- 
ment on Thursday's 

In builders Barratt Develop- 
ments at 150p gave back 6p on 
a denial of big intentions from 
Tarmac. A £19 million cash 
call knocked 35p from Mc- 
Carthy and Stone at 260p but 
Berkeley Group was wanted in 
a thin market up 25p to 440p. 

DovFty was prominent at 
1 96p up 14p on vague talk of a 
220p bid next week, with GEC 
and SIC among foe names 
mentioned. Woohrorths was 
hoisted 2Sp to 800p on hopes 

that Dixons Group (up lOp to 
334p) will launch a new knock 
oul offer. 

Amstrad celebrated the 
company's four for one scrip 
proposals with a 25p rise to 
SS4p. Of the two newcomers 
Dalepak (40 times over sub- 
scribed) recorded a premium 
of 15p over the 107p offer 
price but Monotype traded at 
an 8p discount at I49p. 

In life companies Equity 
and Law advanced I8p to 
266p on rumours that John 
Gunn of British and Common- 
wealth may launch an offer. 
BC which held steady on 
Thursday after a 16 percent 
profit increase fell 18p to 




Jurys Hotel (itt 
Lee htl (1BQ ‘ 
Lodge Care 
Monotype ~ 
Mustwfin ( 

ton (Sit 


141 -3 












Tech Protect (1 
Tip Top Drug p 
Underwoods (IT 
Usher (Frank) (1 
Woflcome (1 
Westbury (1 

Worcester m 
Wlefess (140p) 


Ashley fndl N/ 

Burma* Oil 
F&C Euro 
Hester N/P 
Low & Boner N/P 
President Bit N/P 
Rafters N/P 

SaatcftSS N/P 
Sato Taney N/P 

(Issue price in brackets). 



178 +a 

41 +2 









dividend 6.7p (6. 1 p) for the year 
to March 31, 1986. Pretax profit 
£1.19. million (£1.12 million). 
Earnings per share 6.95p 

ERTY TRUST: The group has 
received planning permission 
for its 12,000 sq ft office 
redevelopment in Wilson St, 
London, EC2. This scheme has 
an estimated completed value of 
more than £4.5 million. Work 
will start Ialer this year and 
completion is expected in 1987. 

INGS: The group has acquired 
Cobra (Wood Treatment) for 
£1.95 million cash. Cobra, based 
in Cambridgeshire, will expand 
Bowthorpe's activities in foe 
electricity supply industry. 

PUBLISHERS: The company 
has acquired Pitkin Pictorials 
for £1.7 million cash. 

Pryor, the chairman, tells 
shareholders in his annual state- 
ment that there is little doubt 

that 1986's profits should show 
an improvement on 1985. 

Finchett, the chairman, reports 
in his annual statement that 
management accounts confirm 
that the company has been 
trading profitably during the 
first three months of 1986 and 
the board has every reason to 
hope this will continue. 

(HOLDINGS): An agreed offer 
will be made for the 6.5 per cent 
preference shares at 90p each m 
cash by MAI Services. The 
ordinary capital of both compa- 
nies is owned by MAI PLC 

board is looking forward to 
another record year for the 
group. Its City of London 
restaurants are all faring ex- 
tremely well and the West End 
outlets are trading above the 
level of last year. Kennedy's 
outside catering division is 
performing especially well. 

The company has bought the 
wines and spirits distribution 

Sears attracted revive take- 
over hopes at I2lp up 5p. 
Other speculative favourites 
to move against the trend 
included AE at 14Sp Greene 
King 236p Clement Clarke 
I75p Bnmning I67p Sekers 
! !8p and Cosalt 98p up 6p to 


Bestwood advanced 30p to 
580p awaiting foe result of its 
hard fault battle for Country 
Gentlemen's Association 27p 
higher at 1485p. Folly Peck 
improved 5p to 1 88p ahead of 
figures due on May 30 and 
i anra added 6p to 42p on 
news that Timsbury had ac- 
quired a new 30 per cent 

Vanx Breweries hardened 

5p to 445p after a brokers 
flush. ET Sutherland also did 
well at 78p up 7p but profit 
taking' knocked 35p from 
Penthod at 67Qp. The disclo- 
sure of losses of more than £5 
million hit Boosey and 
Hawbes at 200p down 20p. 

Willis Faber a firm market 
this week in sympathy with 
their stake in Morgan Grenfell 
stake gave back 28p to 439p. 
BSR receded 7p to !18p but 
Keep Trust at I93p and Unit- 
ed Springs 49p was supported 
up 5p and 2'Ap. 

In Australians BHP rose 
I4p to 380p on hopes that 
Elders would mount a rival to 
foe Bell Group offer. 

for £714,554 cash. Belhaven 
intends to concentrate on the 
development and expansion of 
its brewing and wines and spirits 

TION: Revised results. The 
board explains that since the 
announcement on May I of the 
preliminary results for 1985. re- 
appraisal of the civil engineering 
work has found that a contract 
for a water treatment plant in 
Derbyshire will result in a 
further loss of £960,000. A 
provision will be made for this, 
reducing 1985*5 pretax profit to 
£3.67 million (£4.85 million for 

company has agreed to acquire 
M Doherty and Co and the 
properly it owns in West- 
moreland Street, Dublin, for 
Jf£i.58 million (£1-43 million). 

dividend is being paid (nil). 
With figures in £000, turnover 
rose to and gross profit to 1783 
(335). Pretax loss totalled 1,127 
(383) with loss per share at 5.4p 




You enjoy Flora for its light and 
delicate taste. 

But you also have a much better 
reason for choosing it. 

That reason is you. 

You know why you need to lead a 
healthier life. 

And you know about Flora too. 

Flora is made with pure sunflower 
oil, so it’s high in essential polyun- 
saturates, low in saturates and low in 
cholesterol too. 

But then if it wasn’t, it wouldn’t 
be Flora. 

Are you eating Flora for all the 
right reasons? 

High in essential poly unsat urate 


Retreat goes on 




ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began May 12. Dealings end May 30. §Ccra tango day Jane Z Settlement day Jane 9. 
§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Claims required Ganns i required 

for for. 

+36 points +210 points 

Gala *r 

No. Corapany 


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Industrials l-R 


fr W. I 1*6 
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Oliver <G> 

Bearer (CHI 



Beraferd (S&W, 



Deri lend Stamping 



European Fairies 

Vicior Products I lodusnal* S-Z 

Please be sore to take account 
of any minus signs 

Weekly Dividend 

Please moke a note of your daily totals 
for the weekly dividend of £8.000 in 
today's newspaper. 



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' ana . +2 82 49 ms 

I 8 Oann 78 44 60 239 

. IT* 82 4* 78 

I War MB 114 78 SB 

21* 84 20289 

m •— t 


128 -a 

53* -7' 


53 +,■ 

S 5 



BS W Asaoc Booh 

315 280 BWtMq 305 

B D 614 BDHOf * " 885 

505 485 CoU« (Ww) 473 

383 306 Off A V 8S3 

188 136 BUP A • 146 

378 330 tfWOM M0ahflg 336 

173 AS .HmCbendH 181 

380 163 MpMttaf. •= . 275 

581 40* wtfissSKM -307 

380 163 MaMM. ■= .275 

58* 40* WTWJmww ssr 

13V620 Nbm WoMBemO DJ*. 
680 *70- OetODU* 680 

138 118' i SSn o ilB Smd 128 

4W 220 TrSaftJN 411 ' 

373- 280 (JUBMUapn 3*8 


-1,5- 11 

-W 389 
■ 1T.1 
-12 11.1 
-3 47 

0 TCP 
. 129 

+10 140 
• . M0 

-S'. 80 

8 ST 1 

wS s 

M4 US 

« ®> 

315 'iw' 
378 138 


$ ’S 

i!§ S 

-3 . 47 


120 no Jwge L- . : .' ttc 

ao 9 Mufirar m 

33 10 ; MMchnna -11 
581 516 * PBM 9 M , . 568 

12 • 7 Banal 06 . 7 

663 323 Br Bcmaa 3*3 

710.158 B 8 K 9 .- 1 » 

« SS %22~ -S 

iff 117 Bnvpnaa « 

+2 *80 80 41 

SI 33 CeuPM _ . 3 *. 

_ 24* jTnj 

« 180 104 40 

t -A _ 182 . 62 112 

• ; 47 13S27 
•”1 ... 419 

.-1 0.1 TCO 47, 


w ar _ Hoanana rop 

173 49 as ^ 

147 30 129 m 

41 AO 42 

120 - . 38- a WH—m Ha* ~« - 

-m 271 KOH . J - 8 X 8 

14 4.1 120 

...-a . 41 87 , 

< 341 69119 




Edited by Loma Bourke 

! * 

facts after 

• 1 

, .1, 


* Past performance and bonus, 
projection tables are ri« nri» 
Long live financial strength 

. No, that is not a get-io-work 
slogan from the Chinese Cul- 
tural Revolution, but rather 
the order of the day at 
Britain's mutual life assurance 
groups which are seeking to 
improve the image of their 
with-profits life and pension 
policies add reassure the mid- 
dlemen who sell those policies 
in the wake of the United 
Kingdom Provident . Institu- ' 
!tion affair. 

When UKPI was forced 
jnto a- merger with Friends’ 
Provident in early April be- 

^ cause of major problems with 
its investment portfolio,, the 
life groups found themselves 
with'a problem. If they wanted 
Jo show they really were safer 
than UKPI, there had to be a 
way of doing it — something 
that the commonly used .past 
.performance and future pro- 
jection tables failed to do 
conclusively. Just as anxious 
were the intermediaries who 
‘found egg splattered on then- 
faces after advising clients to 
Sake policies with UKPL 
which was forced to cut its 

the others .with a-2.1- per cent 

Others have followed suit. 
Last week the Scottish Provi- 
dent also provided intermedi- 
aries- with some reassuring 
chans and numbers about its 
financial muscle. 

Scottish Provident's general 
manager and actuary Joe 
Macharg went further last 
week when he called a press 
briefing to outline how he 
thought investors should 
choose a life office. Attacking 
performance tables as often 
misleading and projection ta- 
bles as “fantasy figures" he 
said consistency of perfor- 
mance, rate of expansion, 

This change of tack 
most be welcomed 

commission costs and man- 
agement expenses were among 
the- factors that should be 
taken into account He also 
warned investors that “cuts in 
bonuses, reversionary or ter- 
lpminaL are a normal fact- of 
life", something he said had 
been overlooked after i 1 years 
of booming stock markets. 

This change of tack by the 
mutuals can only be wel- 
comed, but it is worth bearing 

- in mind a number of points 
interim reversionary and ter- before giving them a clean bill 
-minal bonuses when it ran 0 f health. First, independent 
into trouble. . actuaries such as Bob Chad- 

■ There is. of course, no w ick and Martin Paterson 
shortage of fads and figures 

■on how good life assurance 
companies are at handling 
•your money. These are avail- 
able in the minutest detail in 
the Department of Trade and 

Free asset ratios of mutual Hfe 
companies 1 

Atutuaf company. 

* Scottish Widows 


Equitable Life 
''Friends’ Provident 



National Mutual 


•Scottish Provident 


; Scottish Mutual - 


'London Life 


Scottish Equitable 




T Source: Bob Chadwick of Duncan 
■C.Fraser. First published in Money 
f Marketing 

Industry returns; Unfortu- 
nately, these returns are, inter- . 
“minably long arid amut-'-asi work; 
readable as a book' 
-registration numbers.' 

■ But spurred on by the UKPI 
-affair, the mutual companies 
.are now pulling some readable 
.figures out of the department’s 
-returns hat. 

Associates have been charting 
the mutual's financial strength 
for years. Secondly, nearly all 
the current activity has been 
inspired by the UKPI affair. 
We heard very little before the 
events of last month. 

Thirdly, there is still 
tendency to treat the public, 
who after all pay the premi- 
ums that keep the mutuals 
going, like idiots. The 
mutuals’ claims that 
holders do not like to 
bothered with reams of infor- 
mation are to a large extent 
untested. With investor so- 
phistication growing ail the 
lime, it is perhaps time that 
the life assurance companies 
gave their clients a little more 
respect Despite the recent 
opening-op, . there is still an 
atiitnde mat it is the interme- 
diaries and the financial Press 
that should be; doing -all the 

;• First off was National Prov- 
ident institution, which rircu- 
; la ted its free asset ratios to 
-intermediaries. This measure 
^•divides a mutual's free assets 

At the Scottish Provident 
briefing, one senior manager 
was given very short shrift by 
the assembled scribes when he 
suggested it was .they who 
should be wading through the 
returns to discover the true 

Finally, it should not be 
forgotten that a whole new era 
is about to dawn on us with 
the Financial Services Bill 

— regarded as the excess over. assurance companies 
; the department's minimum in know- well that even it they 
relation to its liabilities - over 

: its total assets. 

wanted to, the new Securities 
Investment Board is not going 
- a . ... to allow them to get away with 

The tabic for nine major life jmy pie-in-lhe-sky b oastin g s 
Offices prepared by tiie actuary about their performances, 
. Bob Chadwick of Duncan past, present or future. 

• C Fraser shows clearly that «... . _ 

'■ukpi was some way behind Richard Lander 



9 - 30 %: 

three year term shares 

★ immediate access 

with 90 days’ loss of interest on amount 


above Personal Deposit rate which is variable 


available at &80% net 
IGross equivalent yield lo baste rale tax payera of 13.10% 

"to: Walthamstow Building Society; Freepost, Wa l thamstow . 

E17 4BR Tat 01-531 3ZH (24 hr sennceL l/We enclose T f7/5| 

cheque tor £ (minimum £2000) to open a 3 Year Tenn 

Shams Account with interest added annually □ or paid monthly O 
Please send further infonnation on your 3 Year Term Shams □ 


. Postcode.... 

A^|h*w«3hJ etOO nutted: MOTttCf of The BvjMwg Sodeltes Association. 




Private Managed Funds 


Has your investment 
doubled in under 2 years? 

QjctTL 1 . who invested in ihc GrstAeadcnry fund launched 1 1 June 19B-*in 
euniunciiufi with a leading Scotttsh life Company have now -seep riietr 
22, ' | doi-M* i" 22 months. Whilst h mwa be remembered that unit . 
T? — , alias well as rise the Academy Fund Manager* are- confident 
nt*' opportunities for growth will continue to present Ux-msdves. 

Tclowlh *5580*= Jitft)63®<0ffcrr to offer pnosl 
I "jw mis Of ** * other Junds complete Ox coupon 

2sa*M/* el » 0 ‘ :t,ura 

! academy cSr , "*’" Ro * 


^ .1 



'• r 


m f r : 

It’s an ill 
wind that 

A message blew in with the 
gales a few weeks ago. If they 
did nothing else the storms 
made a few house owners 
realize they needed sturdier 
garden fences. : 

After the wind flattened my 
six-feet high fence 1 immedi- 
ately put in an insurance 
claim. The real blow came a 
few days later. The man from 
the Halifax, the building soci- 
ety with which 1 have a 
mortgage on my home sweet 
home, telephoned me to say, 
politely and courteously, but 
very definitely, that the prop- 
erty insurance arranged for me 
with the Norwich union does 
not cover garden fences and 
that therefore my claim was 
not being allowed. 

My Halifax man had had 
the unenviable task of inform- 
ing the many insured punters, 
including me, whose fences 
had collapsed in the storm and 
who had claimed under then- 
property insurances. It may 
not be widely appreciated but 
property insurance does not 
cover storm and flood damage 
to garden fences because they 
are just too vulnerable. Dam- 
age caused to some other item 
by the falling fence constitutes 
a reasonable claim — but pot 
the damage to the fence itself 
A spokesman for theBritish 
Insurance Association con- 
firmed it all. “It is typically an 
excluded peril,” he said in 
insurance parlance. “This is 
because it is such a likely thing 
to happen. Insurance compa- 
nies try lo provide a wide 
range of cover. They would 
cover you against an earth- 
quake, for example. But it 

’me MsvRkNU tmvm will pay fm 

ihe. GfiftTHft/tiKe Wtor/W£ - me 

/fHfYWOtjrT IbUCH ■ . . 

would be difficult for them to 
include blown-down garden 
fences without jacking up 
premiums lo a level unaccept- 
able to the public — and we are 
always being criticized for 
jacking up premiums.” 

At the brokers Priory James 
in Haywards Heath, West 
Sussex. Jim Fresson gave the 
issue another dimension: “It's 
not that insurance companies 
are unwilling to pay on genu- 
ine claims but they don’t want 
all the arguments there would 
be about whether the claims 
are justified. 

“The claimant could main- 
tain the fence was in good 
condition when it was actually 
rotten. It costs a lot of money 
to investigate the claims and 
this would push up the cost of 
the insurance a lot” 

Mr Fresson added pessimis- 
tically: “I don’t think you'll 
find anyone to insure you 
against garden fences being 
blown down. 

“It is also interesting that 
when trees are blown down 
and cause damage, insurance 
companies wilt pay to put the 
damage right but roughly SO 
per cent of them will not cover 
the cost of clearing up the 
mess, which can run into 

A crumb of comfort: Prop- 
erty insurance does cover your 
fence against damage from 
cars, cattle, horses and carls, 
and other such risks, including 
earthquakes of course. 

Brian Collett 

insurance bonds 

keep climbing. 



Financial Services Group 

Hcr;.-c Goviii! Ftnanci?.! Services Ltd- 
Huron Hcose. 31S-325 Hicb Hoiboni. 
London WC1V7P3 

If you have held single premium 
insurance bonds for some 
years, they may now be 
invested in the wrong markets. 
This could mean they are growing 
more slowly than they might! 
Yet your bonds are probably 
entitled to free or low-cost switching 
facilities which could help them become 
more valuable, more quickly. 
So if you hold an Inheritance Trust, Capital 
Accumulation Plan, Maximum or Flexible 
Investment Bond or a Discounted Gift 
Scheme, it could pay you to use Hoare 
Govett’s Bond Monitoring and Switching 
Service to keep your bonds and your 
own tax position under constant review. 
Phone Peter Gregory on 01-404 0344 
or fill in the coupon below. Delay 
could be costing you money! 


[ <b ( • 

r To Peter Gregory. 

Hoare Govett Financial Services Lid.. 

Heron House. 319-325 High Hotoom. 

London WC1V7PB 
Please send me a copy of your Bond 
Monhonng and Switching Service brochure. 


I L ,7 *J 


Growth or income? 
Now have your cake and 

’The new GT International Income local markets, providing a unique level of a net income of £4030 in 1974, but by 1985 

Fund offers a unique opportunity. Not just investment expertise in those areas, 
for long-term capital growth, but for an In a recent survey of London stock- 
income designed to grow over time. As an brokers, our existing purely 
investor; you no longer have to choose capital growth orientated 
between growth and income, because the International Fund was 

new GT fund is designed to give you the 
benefit ofboth. 


By spreading your investment across 
the world, you are not dependent on the 
economic performance of any single / 
country. You are not at the mercy of 
short-term fluctuations in any indi- - . 
vidualmarketThe managers of Ay 
this new fund have the flexi- 
bility to put your money 
to work wherever it will 
deliver the best results. 

They have the cur- 
rency hedging expertise to 
protect the value ofyour hoi 

rated as the best of 
its kind, A\ 



and whether investing in overseas s . . 
equities or government bonds, they twice 
can concentrate on those foreign markets Fund Managers of the 

which promise the best prospect of growth Year by The Observer, 

and income performance. THE IMPORTANCE OF AN INCOME 


OF GT ROUND THE WORLD. Unlike the income from, say, a building 

Currently, GT has over £3 billion under society ordinaiy share which can only rise Dealing Monday to 
management right round the globe, which anymore importantly, fall in line with general Friday 09.3 0 to 17.00. 
already gives us a huge presence on the inter- interest rates, income based on equity hold- Send the coupon to 
national scene. Our offices in Hong Kong, ings tends to rise with each passing year. . GT Unit Managers Limited, 
Tokyo, Sydney and San Francisco are con- For example, £1000 invested in 1973 in FREEPOST, London EC2B 2DL, 
stantly monitoring and researching their our UK based income fund would have paid or telephone 01-626 943L 

the income from that investment had risen 
to £195.60 -an increase of 385%. Over the 
same period, the annual income from a 
building society ordinary share had in- 
creased by only £1.00. (Source: DeZoeur&Bevant 


With the prospect of lower interest 
rates and a further decrease in the rate 
‘ of inflation, equity funds look more attractive 
as an income source than at any time since 
the sixties, and the international nature of 
the fund should ensure healthy long-term 
capital growth as well. 

The price of units and the income from 
them can go down as well as up. 

But in the current economic climate, 
the GT International Income Fund should 
provide a more than satisfactory amount of 
icing on the cake. 

You are invited to apply now. The 
initial offer of units at*50p closes 
on June 7th. The estimated gross 
starting yield is 5% per annum. 
If you normally consult a 
professional adviser about 
your investments, then 
please consult him 
ig this 
offer. . 


A contract note will be issued on receipt of your application and 
a certificate will normally be sent within six weeks from settlement. 
Not applicable to- Eire or US citizens or their agents. 

An initial charge of 53fPb (equivalent to 5*» of the offer price) is 
md uded in the price of units and an annual charge of Ho (phis VAT) of 
the value of the Fund is allowed (or m the quoted yield. 

Estimated gross current yield is 5*# at the launch price of 50p. 
Income (net of basic rate UK tax) and managers reports of the Fund 
will be distributed twice annually on January 21st and J ulv 21st. 

Units may be sold back on ary business day at not less than the 
ruling bid price. Proceeds will normally be forwarded by cheque within 
seven working days from receipt by the managers of the renounced 
certificate. Prices ate quoted in the national press. 

Remuneration Is paid to qualified intermediaries. Rales are avail- 
able on request. 

GT Unit Managers Limited is a m embe r of the Unit Trust 
Association. Registered in England No.903827. Trustee: LlmdsBank Pic. 

Direct Unit Trust dealing fine 01-626 9431.Mon to Fri 09.30-17.00. 

Tb: GT Unit Managers Lid. FREEPOST. London EC2B 2DL. 

fS” lijmp rejum/fk 

I/We wish to invest. 

Full Forenames 

ULm.kl.blTI-k 1 ' PItjoijwMi Mi* Mr,..., lute 

in the 

GT International income Fund (minimum jC 500) at the price 
ruling on the day you receive this application. 

1 am/We are over 18. Cheques should be made payable to 
GT Unit Managers Ltd. 

1/We enclose a cheque for the amount to be invested. 

Tick box ifdividcnds are to be reinvested. O 

If you would like details ofhovv to invest by regular monthly 
savings please tick the box. D 



-Tel No- 

ll you normally use an investment adviser 
please state name here 


In the case of joint applications all must sign and provide names and 
addresses on a separate sheet. 

GT International Income Fund. 




• The new 90 DAYS Account pays | j|— f |— 

out our top rate of 9.0% net. And all II I \ C v 

you need is £500 to open an account. / \l I T 1 T \ I \ 

• Give us 90 days’ notice of with- I 1 I p i ^ ^ 

drawals and you lose no interest. XT 1A1 % -•in. -u- o • * 

For instant access, all you lose is I National® Provincial Building Society 

90 days’ interest on the amount I 
withdrawn. I 

• Or leave a balance of £10^)00 and I 

there’ll be no penalty for immediate I 
withdrawal. 1 


I em intenntcd In mamtlng my money better with National A provincial BulkHnc Society. 

If you can afford to ignore 
performance likethis, 

maybe we should be investing 


r "N AN impressive* figure. Anil 
it rvprvMriiLs an outstanding 
t>pponunit\ tor the serious 
investor tc» make a handsome 
addition to iris port tolio. 

//'s tin opportunity you can 
take tu/iwi/eifie of ratlin •/ 

A word about 

784 % 

Unit Thists 

Vui'ie pmlxihh noticed one very 
signilirjni development in the unit 
trust market «a\t the past year - 
tile further emergence ol Lcj^il ii 
General l nit Trusts as a hit'll 
perkxrninu ft tree to lie reckoned with. 

In 10 ns wv launched six new. 
Trusts, bringing our current jn »rttl i|jo 
to nine in all. 

!ts jxtn of the continuing success 
story of Legal Jt General. 

U*gal iX General Itiii Trust Managers 
are pan of the Legal & General Group. 

Rnirided in lH5r». Legal •& General 
. is one cif the largest and must 
; siiccessful financial institutions in 
.nRe world. 

. -.With the experience gained from 
investing tier S2nt of net* money 
■even day our Investment Managers 
. have, time and again. proved the 
• value of their skill and professional 

General Informal ion 
iWBSniPT. viinminu il.i** NJnrqiMn i»*i=-t 
fflcnfr bum If fcv » Hiiiiiiiiuiii "I .‘.iiw I in' rn*s 
jnJ i nW> jrt puWflk'l djiK m rte l'ail. >(■ ^raj-li 
Time- and Firuiiiul Time*, i.rniirjn nait* mm! 

Offtrtftafc' h’ wrllwip sH, »Vrli> i-l |'.VMrul 

flip TrtsS I'w’I ji«o lETApjis In' mu-unitiii m luikd 
C^HHK» Hll'pTI l>* UTUHI C'llltlllinb 

timyiFS Hr iwHimiiun ct*arp- hint: mt« it-.- nthr 

nrnt t» S'. Vimiui ttlalUttHUHtl lIui*Sv t". ■>! lit.- 

tali* ot flit Fund. |<lisUT will .1 jniu'wii i« hkm*' 
lll^lll I'.'.MI nillli" ihlW llhlllln IB'lki.- Tin' 
\jjnayn bmi lair a munciiiTe JiiluMitieni in but :iinl 
oUrt- prev nt ti|> In l"« iv I !*p ■aIuiIwvtt s ilk 
I VITS_ ftp- i-tir-r i*n. i- nl nun. <m L'lli Mu l'nn m. 
1 ^ (m Til* iMIHUliil llinuil Sfin. VlHJ l> II Sf. 
Iinwtns hm it; ia,n* train iIiimiIIit hill trulii- liiwr 
hN jmtiIhIhri iii imti Vm.inlvT i?n« juJ i k ji!i 
ilknaf'-T \ iln'iiiii i<l i> nii’.ii nn tin i*l lif prior 
pI (nut- hmeto mill ruiiusml miiane 
i tiuftfi >imph MuJaiv vsB* aniftrai* anil sinl it hi 
j|^i|ipjyi\ I’ r. imw Haw! in ilrr nilm^ !m| 

pmv v>iil imrimIIv !*■ mut aiiIhii .thh wurknic 
BunuiRfalRti r> [UuUr lu iruIiIatI mUTnicjuno 
Ujhs nu iupii -1 

gntf EVniAMiK SCHEMF. 1e mil i-vt.iii*- miw 
l h >*> hv mm» in Hk inw Hrj* ink ihi- 
iJni, ud ihe -VjipliiUlHHi Fanil and lull> Mil! Ik 
mill W »«l 

arO l CTFREfl IffTVItS Thslw Tlw Kmal Kfflk l| 
.WMElpIt Uarawri*- Ifpl A i«TkTi] f I mi Tnm 
Vlaiupm) bmiinL BtjSatfnl IJIIw; Tniplc I'/nin 
ii iWrt tunru Sinrrt Lmolmi Da*. ^TT K>rHBin«d 

flEjrtbmJ Vn HEVHIH 

I iflh-t Hi /r.i 1 / .Lian.w.'/.iv 
■oiTV ■lIWIgESS- |rpl & il ri'i IriM 
Sj^niliaind I'pjunmcm H'l fcuiii'l i F-nJ>»i 

growth in the past six m onths* 



Our Far Eastern Trust 
has shown the best 
performance of all 
841 unit trusts 
over six months. 

snirce: Planned Mihifp- 

Vi iih Li' iS. Generafs l nit Trusts 
you can lx* ct intidem that \our money 
is in i>ikxl Itands. 

that speaks for itself 

On the stock markets of die Far 
East are quoted coni|ianies whose 

names I lave become associated 
f with growth and innovation. 

There are also tliose securities 
reflecting the more established 

) industrial and commercial 
sectors. The Rir Eastern Trust 
|VHili>li(» reflects both these 
categories of investment. 

1 p to 25”o of the Fund may be 

inve>ied in the Tukyo Over tile - 
— Counter Market. 

Tlie aim of the Trust is to 
maximise long term growth. 

Although past performance is not . 
necessarily a guide for the future, the 
Hrr Eastern Trust's un wth i i ner , 

the past six months clearly shows the 
excellence of the Fund MunagenienL 
In comparison, the T>k\o Suxrk 
Exchange index increased by 
i iv er the same jxrrii «J. 

As in am markeL of course, there 
are risks aiiil you should remember 
that the price of units and the income 
In mi them can g« j di m n as well as up. 

’lb take full advantage of this out 
standing performance, all jtju liave to 
do is complete the Application Form 
below and send it, together witli a 
cheque for your investment — 
minimum i- 1.000 — tousstvaigjit stwav*. 






lbs Legal & General (Unit Trust Managers) Limited, ^■RP 

Oeparunent DM. FREEPOST Croydon, Surrey' CR9 9EB. - 
I Wc wish in invest in Legal &■ Generals 

lur E.i.siLTii IniM i nun. VUHM 1 1 

A tlR-que nude |\ivaNv to Legal & General 1 1 nit trust .Managers ] Limited fc. enclosed. 

a I - ! I Vii.* would like income to Iv reimesred 
I 1 — 1 in further units auu imaiicalh. 

| flat* Htile in BLOCK CAMIMS 
| Surname ( Mr ,\Jr> Miss \ 

I Fust namefsl in full 

! Address 

signal u ret s i. 

□ I We would like hinlxT deraiLs 
about Legal & Generafs Share 1 
Exchange Sciienv. * 


. ( In tile case i if a joint inveMilieiil. all must sign.) 

} Name « if usual financial .\iUiser ( if any ): 


J ■JT This otter is not av-ailahk‘torvsideiir.softheRL*]Viihlicot Ireland 

J T n ‘ :, ^' c * ,,,,! * ui1i -Ilt age Ik. 

I General The confidence of proven success. 

~| Uni t Trust Managers FBI 


Try PEP for true tax relief 


Revised proposals for person- 
al' equity plans, the Budget's 
■ great innovation for the snail 
investor, were published this 
week. Though this was the 
Inland Revenue's second at- 
tempt, at detailing the PEP 
scheme, in important areas 
the details remain sketchy. 

The Inland Revenue docu- 
ment, Personal Equity Plans — 

. A Prospectus for Potential Plan 
Managers, contains little that 
adds to the appeal of the 

Indeed, the signs are that; 
PEPS are already getting 
bogged down with restrictions ' 
that, for from enticing the 
financially unsophisticated 
into shareholding for the' first 
time, will simply provide an- 
other tax-avoidance route for 
those who already run share 

Personal equity plans, 
which will allow individuals 
to put up to £2,400 a year into 
UK equities, and get income-, 
tax relief on reinvested divi- 
dends and freedom from 
capital gains tax, are intended 
to become operational from 
January 1 next year. Investors' 

Three important 
to the scheme 

will not, however, be entitled 
to income tax relief on the 
money invested in these 

' Since they were first un- 
veiled in the Budget on March 
18, PEPs have been amended 
in three important ways. The 
first is that the Treasury and 
Inland Revenue have re- 
sponded to pressure to include 
unit trusts in the scheme. 

Second more detail has 
been provided on qualifying 
investments for PEPs. And. 
third, the Inland Revenue has 
clarified the position on cash 
balances held. 

On all three, there are 
objections to the way that PEP 
appears to be heading. The 
inclusion of unit trusts is a 
Pyrrhic victory for the unit 
trust industry. Unit trusts 
have, as is only right, been 
given the same status as 
investment trusts in PEPs. 

But, according to the pn>r 
spectus, . '“Special'" arrange- 
ments wilL however, be made 
to allow investment, up to a 
low limit, in investment and 
uniHrasts-*L: ; ; — - 

The limit is not specified, 
which itself is a shortcoming, 
but the message is dear. 

Anyone who wants to spread arrangements for investment 
their risk adequately and at and unit trusts, PEPs will be 
the same time take advantage restricted to “quoted shares in 
of PEPs has to settle for a UK-incorporated companies 
lower level of tax relief. quoted on the listed securities 

The unit trust problem does » of lhe Slock 

not end there. The aim of the Excbailge - 
scheme ism foster investment ' Heading the list of exclu- 
in UK quoted companies, so sions, which indudes quoted . 
presumably, although this is' companies incorporated out- 
not entirely clear, this" "win — side "the UK. “preference 
exdude British-run trusts shares, gilts, convertibles, op- 

stuffed with foreign equities. 
The industry defines a UK 

tions and futures, -are shares 
traded on the Unlisted Securi- 

• •n. iiiuiuuj uuuiw a un. . M 

unit trust as one which has at ues MarkeL 

least 75 per cent invested m This, understandably, went 

UK shares. The Inland Reve- 
nue has to deckle whether to 
accept this definition or to 
insist that only trusts which 
are in 1 00 per cent UK quoted 
companies will qualify. 

In defining acc ep table PEP 

investments, it hixs been de- 
cided to keep things very 
simple. Apart from the special 

down like a lead balloon at the 
Stock Exchange, already faced 
with a mysterious drying up of 
the stream of companies wish- 
ing to come to. the USM. The 
USM was specifically includ- 
ed in the original PEP pronps^ 
als^putilisbed on BudgEt-dayr; 

A Treasury spokesman said 
that the exclusion of USM- 

traded companies was to min- ; 
imize the risk to be feced byi- 
inexperienced small investors* 
using PEPs. This begs the 
question of why, if risk is the- ^ 
concern, unit trusts are to be ** 
given only limited PEP access. 
And if limiting risk is jmpor-V 
tarn, who would advise the f 
novice Investor with . very"! 
small sums to play with to go- ^ 
into just one or two shares? ' 

The PEP, white intended to ^ 
foster wider share' ownership' -v 
is also, presumably, intended !■ 
to provide risk capital for> 
mowing British companies. VC 
On the other band, it is the *'/ 
case that none of the:.-.. 
Government’s privatization • 
issues has been via the USM. ~ '■? 
It has been suggested that 
PEPs are simply a way devised 
by the Treasury of selling off - 
British Gas to what might 
otherwise be an unenlhusias- f. 
lie British public. 

The third area of darifica-^ 1 
lion this week was on PEP' : 
cash balances. Here, there is* ,• 
dearly a dilemma for the ' - 
designers of the scheme. Total - 
freedom to keep cash in PEP' „ 
•schemes would be against its-, 
basic aim. But - unrealistic* >_ 
restrictions on cash holdings. ■ 
will prevent individuals -from-. ■ 

limits on cash 'c 
holdings . '< 

' moving out ofa felling market 1 ,' - 
into cash, or choosing their : 
moment to buy after selling. - 
one share. 

This week's document re- 
mains tentative on the ques->; 
lion of cash but suggests a .. 
possible limit on cash deposits ? 
of £500. with unlimited cash-; ■■ 
holdings allowable for up to C 
four weeks, durir^ switches^ *' 
between shares. ' -7 

Il remains the position lhaC ■ 
anyone liquidating all their-'.' 
shareholding and wanting to. ’ 
wait for any significant length' « 
of time before moving bade - 
into the market will have to i. 
scrap his or her PEP. " 

- "niere- will.- be nothing to-^« 
stop him starting a new one. - 
except that the qualifying fule- 

- that investment must re- — 
main in the PEP for between ; ; 
one and two years to get tax * . 
relief — will come into force. 

There is no denying that, in V 
the PEP, there are the germs of ;■ 
a very^oodjdea. But, without '* 
more flexibility and imagina- 
item than is so for in evidence. « 
it threatens to fell by the J 

David Smith 

Economics Correspondent j 


50-1 t r- 


Offer Price vs FTA All- Share Index 
Both to base 100- 1st Februaiy 1964 Haunch) 












Offer Price vs FTA AH- Share Index 
Both to base 100- 16th July 1085 (hunch) 


How's that for 

One high performer attracts attention. A. second is 
impressive. Three similar-achievements in our first 
two years can only derive from an outstanding and unique 
strategic design. 

With FS Investment Managers, indeed it does. For 
while we started to introduce the FS range of unit '■ 
trusts only two years ago, we have been looking after 
investors since 1899. 

This new demoostration.of FS investmeiit skiJls 
follows patterns already set by our performance in life 
assurance and pension fund management 

The FS team of investment managers monitor 
markets, industries and individual managements with a 
rare intensity Our in-house analyses, coupled with . 
our quick responses, are precisely what’s needed to 
produce excellent results. 


The FS Balanced Growth Fund beat all other unit 
trusts in its first two years. £1,000 invested in February 
1984 was worth £3,073 by February 1986 (Source: 
Money Management, offer-to-bid, net income reinvested J, 
On a shorter time horizon Planned Savings statistics 
show that the FS Balanced Growth Fund was the 
Nol UK growth trust over the twelve months to 1st April 

1986 (offer- to-o Bet without re- investment of income). 


Say ‘income' and to. many investors that spells the 

end of growth. With toe FS Income Growth Fund- vie 
paid attention to those fears. 

The Fund's objective is a growing income without, 
sacrificing capital appreciation. And in less than a' 
year that objective has been attained with 76% growth, 
(offer-to-bid. 16th July 1985 to 28th April 1986) 
despite a high initial yidd.of 7%. 


The FS Service Companies Fund is also proving true 
to strategy ' 

In its first year to 28th April 1986, it has achieved 
its objective of capital gain with 88% offer price 

Its performance stems from companies who employ 
relatively little capital to provide highly skilled and value 
added customer services. 


. Three such successes out of three in only two years 
do not come out of the blue, ff you don't know us ■ 
already the investment indicators are clean you should. 

Please contact David Campbell, 

Investment Director, for more 

Freepost, Depardnem'12* - 

‘ 190 Vfest George .Street, . — _ 

Glasgow G2 2BR. ■ MVESTMENT 

Telephone: 041-332 3132. - MANAGERS 

J'PjIlix** | 


f eliJ 


mrf r*S 

* A survival 
Wt for 

J; rv; the widow 

550 wives become 

■>1f ?££$* 

-- S-.A toera is nota wHi? Shoulovouraom 

^^Ka l ^r w s 7 tna 

V>5- aSlSSt&JSLBlSl. 

0 * 1 'widows* experiences 
. f -v t - OTtrers such vitai areas as your 

- ,J r *V 
r “ 

i — ■ 

■’ .4 

>2 ^ ati0n - hOW to Cia ’ m 

,v oeneflteand how to appeal if you think 

you have heart treated wreogfoby 

* ated B ste u sefal teafteta. books and 
CoW«*ofn»K«b Ws Survival 

obteteed from Marketing 
iv Popytrr wnt^ Age Concern. 60 
c : Pjtaarn Road, Mitcham, Suney CR4 

3LL Ttieonca ® £3.50 incfodmg 
post and packing. 

§ *A promise 
\ on mortgages 

**'■' ■ Hew wouW you feel if, instead of 

■■•i navirw a mortage with your nice 
friendly building society, you wake 
up one morning to~findthat the lender 
has changed and you are now with 
a greedy mortgage company which 
has no compunction about putting 

ib up #» rates? You would not Bke tt, but 

T that tsprecte^y what could happen 

•%. fa the future. The Housing Minister, 
John Patten, is sufficients 
concerned about just such a possibHty 
tocafl for a code of practice for the 
"secondary mortgage market". 

He says he is determined to 
• •• ^ protect the consumer and explore 
- m ways of developing a code of 

practice among lending In stitution a l 
'i ‘As Housing Minister (welcome 

fun^frarm)etition rt Srtvi^OT^^ 
lenders and new forms' of mortgage 
becoming avaflabte," he said. But 
I beSeve we have to look closely at the 
protection which ordinary 
borrowers have a rightto expect 
“Should mortgages be sold over 
the heads of borrowers? In the case of 
nearly aS existing mortgages, 
borrowers would never have 
expected, when they arranged their 
mortgage, that it might be sold on." 


The wise choice 

■ if you are retired and put aB _your 
money In a bidding society or rank 
deposit account, you could be 
condemnirwjyoureelf to a declining 
standard ofuvtng — according to 
Choice and the Pre-Retfretnent 
Association. The book says that a 
better home for a proportion of your 
money would be stocks and 
shares, probably bought through the 
medium of unit trusts which would 
produce an income — albeit probably 

tower than that currently attainable 

from buikfing society investments but 
there would be an opportunity for 
capital growth and rising income. 

The book covers such topics as 
budgeting, pensions, investments, 
taxation .Insurance and cashing in 
on the value of your home — alT aimed 
at retired people or those about to 
. retire. Copies of the book can be 
obtained, price £2235 Indutfing 
post and packing from Choice 
Publications, 12 Bedford Row. 

London WC1R40U. 

Chat-up line 

■ A new free unit trust telephone 
advice service has been launched. 
Standard Life is guaranteeing that 
the service, called "Votcebank" will 
not subject callers to pressure to 
buy Standard Life unit trusts. 
Voteebank can be called by dialling 
100 and asking for Freephone 
Standard Lite. It Is a "general unit 
trust service for the public", says Tom 
King, a Standard Life general 
manager. He says that Standard Life 
hopes "people will appreciate the 
first-class advice they wffl receive and 
consider Standard Lite products 
when they make an investment of their 

Callers wfM not receive instant 
responses to the questions they pose. 
Their Inquiries wffi be recorded on 
an answering machine and Standard 
Life wH return ctfs within three 

around 23.1 per cent to (3.5 per cent 

The maximum term ts also being 

extended fr o m t hr ee loltve yearn. 
Previously only loans for home 
hnprovemems were generafly 

available over the longer term. The 
upper Bmit of £5,000 is befog removed 
and Uoyds will consider loans 
without insisting on a deposit 
However, even with the 
improvements, personal loans are 
llttb cheaper than the more 
convenient credit card borrowing 
which works out at around 26 per 

And the best arrangement of all Is 
to have a loan account This operates 

like an overdraft and you pay 
interest on the amount outstanding, 
but It is separate from your current 
account so you do not incur high bank 
charges. The usual rate for a loan 
account is 3 to 5 per C8nt over the 
bank’s base rate which works out 
at 13.5 to 15.5 per cent 

European boom 

■ There are fashions in Investment 
just as there are to women's shoes 
and investors have gone for the 
European market fo a big way with 
Save & Prosper taking in a massive 
£21 million during the three- week 
launch of its European Income and 
Growth fund.' The success of our new 
fund has exceeded even our own 
very high expectati o ns, and the 
response from the investing public 
and from professional intermediaries 
has been tremendous," said John 
Manser, chief executive of S & P. 

S & P believes that after the 1385 
growth surge, a strategy combining 
income with growth should 
produce good performance from 
Europe in ©86 and bevond.The 

American national Parks and . 
working on archeological digs m Italy. 

Details of likely rates of pay and 
the cost of accommodation are 

included, and whether or notfood 

and somewhere to stay we offered as 

part of tee deaL Details from TSB 

£10m on offer 

■ Mortgage money at 10.5 per 
cent is on offer from the financial 
consultants. Chase de Vere. “We 
have got £i0 miflion available and you 
can borrow It on an interest-only 
basis if you Bka.” explains Paul Marks. 
Repayment, endowment, pension- 
linked and the interest-only schemes 
are aB available and you can 
borrow up to 90 per cent of the 

95 per cent in some circumstances. 
The minimum loan is £40,000 and 
the maximum in relation to your 
income is three times the hfaher 
earner's income plus once the income 
of the lower earner. Details from 
Chase de Vere, 125 Pall Mall, London 
SW1 (01-8307242). 

Videos to trust 

Europe m 1986 and b 
initial investment emi 

is wiB be on 

the larger European markets with 
the likely mix or 25 per cent in West 
Germany (comprising 6 per cent to 
bonds, and 10 per cent in equities), 
22-5 per cent fn France, 15 per cant 
in Holland, 7.5 per cent in each of 
Belgium, Sweden and Switzerland, 

Belgium, Sweden and Switzerland, 
ancf 5 per cent each in Denmark and 

Catching students 

■ The annual rush to sign up the 
new students has begun early this 
year. The Trustee Savings Bank is 
first into the field with an inducement 
to open an account HoSdeyJobs 
for Students, a 128-page directory of 

The Wizard of IT shows Si the 
taxman need not be an ogre 

■ Hands up all those who know 
what an investment trust is and how it 
differs from a unit trust If you don't 
know, pop along to the Scottish 
Money Show which takes place 
next Thursday, Friday and Saturday in 
Glasgow, where the Association of 
Investment Trust Companies is 
presenting its new video, The 
Wizard of IT. This features the Wizard, 
Simon (Si), a small investor, and his 
prosperous neighbour Richard (Rich). 
Si ana the Wizard explain the 
advantages offered by investment 
trusts, the ATTC is also staging 
seminars on investment trusts with an 
audio-visual entitled More for Your 

Uoyds rate cut 

■ Bank personal loans are among 
the most expensive -forms of 
borrowing but Uoyds Bank is doing 
something to remedy the situation with 
a cut in its rates - down from 

£80 wedding dress 

Britain/Europe and ■ Our apologies to bridal chains 

holiday jobs in Britain, Europe and 
the United States, is available free 
from TSB England and Wales to 
full-time students who open a TSB 
account during 1986. All the usual 
jobs are there — grape harvesting, 
chalet glrfing ana some less well 
known jobs such as trail clearing In 

■ Our apologies to bridal chains 
Berketex ana Pronuptia. In our article 
in last week’s Family Money on the 
cost of a wedding, we gave an 
incorrect figure for the starting 
price for wedding dresses sola at 
these stores. The correct figure 
should have been £80. 


Framlington Monthly Income Fund 

W ith Framlington Monthly Income 
Fund you invest in a single high 
yielding unit trust which pays out 
its income evenly -every month. 

Achieving this with a conventional portfolio of 
unit trusts or shares is almost impossible, but 
with Monthly Income Fund you can couple the 
convenience of monthly distributions with a wide 
spread of shares (there are currently 95) and 
excellent performance. 

This could be the only equity investment you 
will ever need, h can replace a complete portfolio 
erf shares and unit trusts in a highly convenient 
and well- managed fonn. Iteobfective is growth of 
both income -and capital. It is achieving both. 

The current net monthly payment is 0.23p per unit. 

The first payments after the fund started in October 
1984 were O.20p. They were raised to 0.21 in May 
1985, to 0.22 in July 1985 and to 0.23 this month, _ 

up 1 5 per cent since the start. Over the sameperiod 
income from a typical fixed interest investment TKXt ^ is 
such as a building society account actually fell by r_ 

over a fifth, from 7# per cent to 6 per cent. distdbm 


The fund’s capital growth has been good* too. Rom 

the launch of the fund in October 1984 to the time ^ 

of gomg to press (13th May) the prici^umte had.. 

risen 65.6 per cent on an offer-tewrffer basis and 

56 0 per cent on an offer-to-bid basis. Over the 

same period the FT All-Share Index rose 47.6 per TC 

° ei hi practical terms this means that an original . . , 

investment^ £2,000 is now worth £3,120. Ivntota 


To invest in Framlington Monthty.Income Fund, . . . Surname 
complete the application form and sendit to us with punfi^ 

yourdieque- The details of yo^b^ account 
must beinduded. Units will be allocated to you at 



nainded up m your favour to the naMBStwhoemiit. Monthly 

price of unhs on 13th May was 82#p. j 
"The minimum initial investment is .£ 2 , 000 . i 
The mimmum^ for subsequent additions s A.OOO. Rank 

^ investments <rf £ 10,000 or more qualify fora 

ta^T^rceacaddibonduO'dL . | 


.In -the case of unit trusts, you can use the 
application form below, leaving the amount to be 
invested blank. Send it with the relevant unit trust 
certificates, duly renounced and endorsed ‘Pay 
Framlington Unit Management Limited'. The 
proceeds at the bid price ruling when we receive 
your order wiU be used to buy units in Monthly 
Income Fund at the offer price ruling, less 1 per 
cent discount in the form of extra units. The units 
must' have a value of at least £2,000. If the value 
is £ 10,000 or over the discount is 2 per cent; if 
the units are Hamlington units, it is 2.5 per cent. 

In the case of shares you should complete the 
application form in the Fromiingion Unit Trust 
Guide, available 6 u request. 


E ach income distribution is on the. 5th of 
the month. Your payment is made directly 
into your' bank by computer transfer 
accenting to the instructions given on 
your application form. 

. The first income p aym ent will be made on the 
next distribution day after your units have been 
held for one month. The net payment on the last 
distribution day before going to press (5th May) 
was 0~23p per unit. The estimated gross annual 
yield on 13th May was 456 per cent. 

' income payments are kept as even as possible 
with the aim of increasing them gradually Regular 
increases % are expected, but not guaranteed. 

Investors are reminded that the price of units 
and the income from diem can go down as well as 
up. All unit trust investment should be regarded 
as long terra. 

Framlington Monthly Income Fund is an authorised 
unit trust constituted by Trust Deed. The Trustee is 
Lloyds Bank Pic. 

Applications will be acknowledged by contract note. 
Certificates will be sent by the Registrars, Lloyds Bank 
Pic, normally within six weeks. 

Prices are published daily in The Times, Daily 
Telegraph and Financial Times. 

The annual charge is ^ per cent (+VAT) of the 
value of the fund. The Trust Deed indudes powers to 
increase this to a maximum of 1 per cent if necessary The 
initial cbaigel included in the offer price) is 5 per cent. 

Units can be sold back to the managers at any time 
at the price ruling when the renounced certificate is 
received. Payment is normally made within 7 days. 

Commi s sion erf l'/i per cent (+ VAT) is paid to 
qualified intermediaries. 

' Distributions are paid net of basic rate tax on the 
5th of each month into bank accounts within the BACS 
system, to which all UK dealing banks belong. Tax 
credit \ouchers are sent periodically to unitholders’ 

The Managers are Framlington Unit Management 
Limited, 3 Loudon Will Buildings, Loudon EC2M 5NQ. 
Telephone 01-628 5181. Registered in England 
No. 89524 L Member of the Unit Trust Association. 

Tins offer is not open to residents of the Republic 
of Ireland. 



I wish to invest £ ' in Frarnlington Monthly Income Fund (minimum £2,000). 

I enclose my cheque payable to Framlington Unit Management Limited. I am over 18. 

. Surname (Mr/Mcs/MisafTitle) 

. Full first namefs) ; 

Monthly distributions should be credited to the following bonk account: 

j (shown in top right-hand 

Bank sorting code: | || I 1 II corner erf your cheque) 

It is possible to exchange an existing portWfo of 
unit mists or shares for units in Fhimlmgton 

Account number 

Monthly Income Fond. 

Sjgnaturefs) Date 

flotnl applicants should all sign 


f ■ 

How much money do you 
' lose by saving? 


S ave, and you can lose a pile. But invest in Prize 
Plan, arid your funds purchase Investment 
Trust shares, which offer outstanding high yields 
and growth to the regular saver. 

Prize Plan also gives you friendly society tax 
privileges: one-third of the Invested funds grow 

You can invest £300 per year, £27 per month 
or fund the plan by a single payment of £2,500. 

To find out more about Prize Plan, telephone 
us on Tunbridge Wells (0892) 41466, or post the 
coupon. No postage is req uired. 


if Pleawsend me detailsor Prize Plan. ] 

ll Name ' I 

-j PiMttoite Tel No j 




Investment Management 
for Private Clients 

At Lazard Securities Limited, the investment management subsidiary of* 
Lazard Brothers & Co. Limited, wc oftcr private clients professional investment 
management oh a discretionary basis for portfolios valued at 150,000 or more. 
Wc also accept smaller portfolios to invest in our m-house authorised unit trusts 
and the wide range of offshore funds managed by our associate companies in 
Jersey and Guernsey for whom we act as investment adviser. 

Lazard Brothers is the only leading merchant bank which has nor 
invested in a stockbroker or market-maker and will not therefore be subject to 
the conflicts of interest winch many of its competitors may face. This indepen- 
dence ensures that investment decisions arc based on the widest possible range 
of research. Our long affinity with international markets is enhanced by close 
links with our sister houses in New' York and Paris and our own investment 
office in Hong Kong. Lazard Securities (Jersey) Limited also offers a full invest- 
. menc service tor those who prefer to hive their investments managed overseas. 

Lazard Securities is recognised as a leader in innovation, with new’ 
investment products complementing traditional skills. We pride ourselves on 
personal service and, in consultation with our clients' other professional advisers, 
can offer guidance on all aspects of their financial affairs. 

For further details telephone Jonathan Robinson on 01-588 2721 or 
complete the coupon below. 

Lazard Securities Limited 

21 Moorficlds, London EC2P 2HT 

| l’lcjw sc n J me Ji'uiis of LizjrJ Securities Services. j 

| Aikiress j 

| inJicjie level oi funds avjiljble: 

to £150.000 1 1 ^"[SCUlOO nr more > 

"Share Service” 
makes buying and 
selling shares 
this easy.x—i® 

If you prefer to 
manage your ow n /»■ 

stock market 

investments, you need a ^ 

quick, and simple way to / L s 

buy and sell shares or deal / \ 

in UnitTrusLs. J > 

And ihat ’s precisely L,. 

what “Share Service.'' from 
Phillips & Drew, the 
stockbrokers, offers you. 24 hours a day. 
Just by picking up your telephone. 

You can have exclusive access to 
"Share Service” by opening a 

High Interest Cheque 
^ Account with 

^ Phi,Ii P s & Drew' 

^ i||i Trust Limited who 

| \ 'Hi will use their 

j considerable 

, ' money marker 

* expertise to ensure that your 
■' i uninvested funds earn hiah rates 
■ ** of interest al ail times. 

AH that and a Cheque Book too! 
Lots of people ofTer high interest 
Only Phillips & Drew offer “Share 

Service” It’s a service you'll appreciate. 

F For further derails write to: Phillips & Drew Tnisi Ltd. . 1 20 Mooreate. London EC2M hXP 
ortelephone 101)628 9771. E 

Please send n*r without obligation further details of "Share Service." and Phillips & Drew 
I Trust Limited's High Interest Cheque Account, t Minimum initial deposit £2.500i. 

Phillips & Drew 1 



Whether your children are learning to ride or dance, the cost can ran into hundreds of pounds 

You pay while they play 

Most parents welcome the 
idea of their children haring 
some kind of a hobby. “Why 
not?" they think, when their 
offspring express a desire to 
take up trampolining. tap 
dancing or playing the trum- 
pet. “If it keeps them out of 
mischief, stops them feeling 
bored and gives them a chance 
to develop new talents, it will 
be worth every penny.” 
Unfortunately, at this stage, 
you rarely have a dear idea 
just how many pennies will be 

Before you make any prom- 
ises it is a good idea to get a 
rough estimate of what the 
costs are likely to be. both 
long-term and shon-ierm. 

At the same time you 
should be wary about agreeing 
to anything which requires a 
high initial outlay, because 
children have an infuriating 
habit of losing enthusiasm for 
projects in less lime than it 
lakes to say; “Do you remem- 
ber skateboards?" 

Horse-riding is one activity 
which never ceases to be 
popular with children. Most 
riding stables suggest that you 
do not kit out your children 
until you are sure they’ want to 
go on' having lessons but dress 
them in an anorak, loose 
trousers and fiat shoes with a 
heeL Hals are usually provid- 
ed for beginners, but as these 
are worn for safety rather than 
comfort you will have to 
decide whether you are happy 
for your child to borrow one 
for a while or whether you 
would prefer to buy one that 
you know fits and is made to 
the BSI standards. 

A skull cap type will cost 
you about £25. rubber boots 
from £16, children’s jodhpurs 
about £ 1 5.50 and a crop about 
£1.95. Most children will al- 
ready have an anorak and the 
riding boots can double as 
wellingtons, but even so you 
will be spending almost £60 on 
clothes before you start to 
think about the cost of lessons. 

At the Belmont Riding Cen- 
tre in Mill HUI. which takes 
children from around the age 
of seven, beginners have indi- 
vidual half-hour lessons at £6. 
Greg Parsons, the managing 
director, says; “After maybe a 
dozen of these a child would 
graduate to two or three one- 
hour lessons at £10 a time, 
before moving into a group 

lesson with between five and 
eight children at . £6 JO an 

Most children have a lesson 
once a week and on that basis 
you could easily find you have 
spent just over £160 in six 
months. The centre also orga- 
nizes special events such as 
Pony Week, when the children 
come on a daily basis and for 
which the fee is £66. The week 
also includes evening activi- 
ties such as jumping competi- 
tions and cross-country rides 
which could cost you the odd 
£5 here and Lhere. 

And what if your child sets 
his heart on a pony of his own? 
According to the Pony Gub 
(annual membership £9.50 
plus a 50p joining fee), you 
won't be able to get one for 
less than £300. A saddle will 
cost around £100. a bridle 
around £30. You will have to 
pay around £7 a week for 
grazing plus around £5 a week 
in the winter months for hay. 

Vaccination fees will cost 

£300 piano is usually 
ending its life 

you £ 10 once a year and the 
minimum charge a vet is 
likely to make on other occa- 
sions is also £10. IF you work 
your pony a lot in the winter 
you will also need to give him 
fx>nynuts at around £5 a bag - 
you will probably need about 
10 bags. Finally, the pony will 
need shoeing at £1 5 a set eveiy 
six weeks. 

You might think it would be 
cheaper to encourage your 
child to take up music — 
playing the violin, perhaps, or 
the piano. Keith Daley, a 
director of Phelps Music shop 
in Kentish Town, north Lon- 
don, says you can get Chinese- 
made violin and - bow sets, 
from the smallest one-six- 
teenth size to full size, for 
£49.50. But he adds that most 
teachers prefer people to 
spend £200 and upwards, and 
a quality bow is generally a 
third of the price or a violin. 

You can get old pianos for 
around £300 but Mr Daley 
points out that these are 
usually coming to the end of 
their useful life. Prices for a 
new upright start at around 
£ 1 . 200 . 

An alternative worth con- 
sidering — at the beginning, 
certainly — is renting. Phelps 
Music rents pianos from 
£24.95 a month and if you 
finally decide to buy, provided 
you do so within the first year, 
you are credited with 65 per 
cent of your rental payments 
against the purchase price. 

If you rent, you have to pay 
only one month in advance, 
there is no deposit and deliv- 
ery is free, provided the piano 
is to go in a ground-floor room 
in the London area. 

Piano rental is fairly wide- 
spread, but you might find it 
harder to rent a violin, al- 
though Phelps Music also 
provides this service. The 
monthly rental is 5 percent of 
the cost of the violin. If you 
buy it within three months, all 
the money paid is credited 
against the purchase price. If 
you buy- anywhere between 
the fourth and the 1 2th month 
you get 65 per cent of your 
payments credited to you. 

Parents should also remem- 
ber that violin strings have to 
be replaced.1 gather the E and 
A strings tend to go every two 
or three months. The average 
price for a set of strings is 
about £6. And bow re-siring- 
ing — usually done once a year - 
— costs about £15. There are 
fewer “running costs" for 
pianos, but tuning should be 
done about three limes a year 
for about £20 a time. 

Then, of course, there is the 
sheet music — at least £2 a 
piece - and the cost of the 
lessons themselves. The In- 
corporated Society of Must- 
dans recommends members 
not to charge less than £8.60 
an hour. 

. Perhaps it is as well that my 
own daughter has settled for 
ballet Sta* goes to the Kath- 
leen Hughes School of Danc- 
ing in Finchley, north 
London, where the fees are 
£15.50 for a 10-week term. 
The children aged three to five 
in the beginners' class have 
45-minute lessons; all the 
other classes from primary, 
through Grades 1 to 6 up to 
Elementary have one-hour 

You have to pay termjy in 
advance (a bit of a risk with a 

Made in England. 
Grown in Japan. 

A /\ 

N J V V \y\' 


four-year-old}, but even with 
the clothes and shoes 1 bad to 
buy, the initial outlay was only 
just over £30. Miss Hughes 
supplies some blue material to 
be made up into a tunic 
(£1.20), and 1 had to buy 
leather ballet shoes with suede 
soles (£725), elastic (30p), 
pink ballet socks (90p), navy 
knickers (90p), a headband 
(50p) and a cardigan (£4.95). 

Some teachers prefer satin 
shoes at £5.40, and some insist 
on leotards. The Royal Acade- 
my of Dancing Lycra leotard 
is popular and costs from 
£5.75 to £6.50, the matching 
skirts £4.60. Pink ballet lights 
cost from £2.99 to £3.50, 
knitted bun nets 75p, and 
point shoes for the more 
advanced girls about 
£l2.50.On average. Miss 
Hughes says, a pair of shoes 
should last two terms. 

It is not just the initial 
outlay and the recurrent fees 
that you have to consider 
when trying to estimate how 

‘They will always 
enjoy music now 9 

much your child's activity is 
going to cost you. You need to 
bear in mind the cost of 
replacing, outgrown or out- 
worn items and also — with 
music and ballet for example 
— the entrance foes yon will 
have to pay if they take 

Another factor worth bear- 
ing in mind is the time and 
mpney involved, not only 
getting your child to weekly 
sessions, but also going to 
gymkhanas, concerts or" what- 

Patricia Laridn, -who teach- 
es musical appreciation to 
young children, has three chil- 
dren. of her' own — Baraaby, 
aged, 10, -who plays the oboe, 
Hannah, eight, who plays the 
violin and the piano, and 
Amy, five, who plays the 
recorder.' Mrs Larkin says: 
“AU m all. we must spend 
about £1,000 on the children's 
music. But what we are doing 
is- giving them something 
which will give them enjoy- 
ment For life, and that's worth 
every penny.” 

Lee Rod well 


- , 

A unique opportunity to invest 
in Japan’s economic success. 

Economic grow fo 

Japan has the strongest economy in the; world. In 1985, 
productivity increased by 9-8%. Exports have risen an 
average rase of7.0% over thepast 5 years. Sonpwisagood 
time to invest in Japan. 

But if you are going to invest in the 2nd hugest 
stock market fra the world, ■wouldn’t you like to have your 
investment managed byjapanese fund managers whoare 

experts on every area of the market? 

- Now you can, by dealing with Nomura. 

Nomura’s growth the biggest and most respected institution 
on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Oordealets handle 15% 
of all equity trading on the Tbkyo Stock Exchange. 
have-more assets in custody than any other Japanese 
financial institution - which means that Japanese inves- 
tor voted with then yen when they were looking for a 
good investment. Here’s how you can join them. 
Nomura Growth Fund 

The objective of thefundis capital growth by investing 
in Japanese equities. The Nomura Growth Farid SJL is 
an open-ended in ves t ment fund listed in raraemh om-g 
whose shares are denominated in yen; which means that 

your investment ts based on one of the strongest 

If you area professional iovtstororznadvisorwhose 
cberaswxroldbc in texcs rc dmitrffst ^ 
has shown 50%* growth in sterling terms since its 
launch in July 1985, simply send the coupon to: 
James Ferguson, Komnra Int crn ati o aadl LtcU, 

Nomma House, 24 Mon um ent S tr eet, 

London EC 3 R or cad 01-2838811 

andhe will send yon a prospectus byretnrn. 

I ^~^IeosesendtnefitRdeta^tO}(Wdfe?iomw^Croa^Fuiu£~\ 

NAME - . - ~ • '• ; I 

| ADDRESS ■ ~ ' '■ I 


; of Business: Professional htvesmriWvteodOcbcc 




, IVocmmHonsc, 24 Moamacat Street, IXHMbmEC}RSiVJ- 


Stamtittd Sources; Balsocc of Pavmcnts monthly - Bank of japan 
Financial Sunwta -'Central Statistical Office 

EcanocoK Pbnnmp Agency -Jajam^Gowranicot MmuMjrSaMoc 
t.oWc tn Japanese tovcfUDcrn Scoicoy - Nomura Semantics OECOt 

i Heron ■ fc*va sack Eadmtg; 

£ A; 

V/////M. - ‘ '/////A 

, . i ' iP 


With falling oil prices and lowe* interest 
rates investment prospects are looking 
brighter in the East ~ 

So now’s the time to invest in Murray 
Far Eastern Fund —for growth now, and in 
the future. 

Oil is Japan's largest import item, and the fan in its price 
and the strength of the yen is a major cost saving. 

Now, with the added benefit of lower interest rates, and 
almost negligible inflation, the outlook for investment is 
very positive. 

With its portfolio of consumer goods manufacturers, 
construction and sendee companies, and innovative 
electronics concerns, the Fudd is weH-placed ttrtake 
advantage of growth in Japank economy. 

The outlook in Hong Kong is equally promising. . 
Lower commodity prices are helping manufacturing 
industries and export prospects arc greatly enhanced, 
Confidence in the future is bang reflect edin higher property 
prices. The stoekmarket has lagged behind other world 
markets but, now the mood has turned optimistic, there is the 
potential for significant gain. r. 

The benefits of flexibiUtv 

Free to invest anywhere in the Far East, .Murray Far 
Eastern Fund 'has already achieved considerable success; 

- la the five months mxx its formation, the offer 
price of units in the Fund has leapt from 5L Ip to 75. Ip* 
reflecting accurately the Managers' dynamic approach 
to the Far East. 

The investments of Murray Far Eastern Fund are 
managed by Murray Johnstone, one of the UK’s most- 
successful independent investment management groups.. 

•- ~ Ia all we have some £2, 500 million under management, 
of which £300 million is presently invested ui Far Eastern 
- markets where we have been active for over 25 years. 

Prompt investment brings a bonus 

In line with our confidence in the Fund’s future, we arc 
offering an attractive bonus to private investors. 

Ifyou invest £2^00 or more before 30 May 1986 
we will add a bonus of 1% free extra units to your 
investment, favest £5,000 or more and your bonus will 
increase to 2%. 

Complete and return the coupon todav, and we will issue 
aomtnact iwte immediately and send you vour unit 
certificate within six weeks. " 

' Make sure you invest today, for rising profits 
rathe future. r 

*Offerto offer basis 2 December 1985 to 9 ,\tay 1986. 

Charges: Initial:^ (included in the offer price) 

— . Axmoah.Vu of 1% per month, 
ftte & YWd: On 9 May 1986 the offer price w« 75.1p and the 
gmnated &***& wa* >029 %. You should of com* 
that xhe pnoe of units and the income from them can*odo*nT^ 

"* Bd ’"'diwn 

Dnflribmum: Income is distributed annualh; on 31 August 

norma ? I 7 b0B ^ 1 «»1 sold dailv (ending 

■fttistee: Clydesdale Bank PLC 

Liraiied ’. 

Registered m Scotland No. (&167. 



To: Murray John stone Unit Tkost Management 
Limited, FREEPOST, Glasgow G2ZBR. * 

(TVo stamp T&fldmLj Tfel: 041-221 9252. ... , 

I/We wish tn mvesU (min. £500) inMunay 

Far Easton Fund at tile offer price ruling on receipt of this 
a^hmtiOT. aad tpnkludea Bonus of 2%extra unitslf I/we 
invest £5,000 or more (Mfeifl/we invest £2,500 or more) bv 
30 Mary 1986. 

I/Vlfe enclose my/our cheque/money order made payable to 
.Murray Johnstone Unit TVuia Managtg nffp* T.irmwfJ 
V I am/We are over 18. 

Full Name cu.nir,nh» A | Vridtl 

Siena tnrefsl _ 
you would Eke the j 


e/money order made payable to f”* 010 ****!!? T ^> 

ust Management L i mi t ed . . ;21ifSf ican,Sflhoulda11 

addresses on a separamdiee?^ and 

the Republic of Ireland ^^Jso«t^cn W residenaof 
If you would like information about anv other Murray ■ /* 


-■ ■ ■V*. - -v " -A <-i • v-* • 

* nT i_- v.-. . -- 






Advice to die unwary abroad in the City, or 


jungle steamed after yet another deluge of scalding rain. Chameleons, 
who had stopped to shelter beneath the overhanging leaves, changed 
from amber to green and moved off again. The young parakeet looked 
happy. He was gradually recovering from the excesses of his stag beetle night. 
And now he was putting the finishing touches to his love nest. Very soon, the 
boughs of the giant banyan tree would echo to the patter of tiny claws. With 
a squawk of contentment, he spread his wings and flew down through the 
dripping branches. Swooping low, he picked out a particularly fine stick with his 
beak and returned to his perch. 

He puffed out his brilliant green 
chest feathers in pride as he 
brought the final stick to rest. 

And taking his beloved by the 
claw, he carried her triumph- 
antly over the threshold. But 
then something seemed to stir. 

He looked again. Sure enough, 
the whole nest appeared to be 
alive. To his astonishment, it 
was edging slowly but inexor- 
ably along the branch. Then it 
leapt from the tree and scuttled 
into the undergrowth, taking 
the two love birds with it. A 
wise old macaw was gazing 
down sympathetically. “Stick 
insects, 3 ” he muttered. ‘An easy 
mistake to make.” £' The City is 
a jungle, too. Here, too, things aren’t always quite what they seem to the untrained 
eye. With the resources and the experience of one of the UK’s largest investment 
management organisations, Mercury can provide you with just the discerning 
judgment that you need. For the details of our ten unit trusts, please write 
to: The Client Services Director, Mercury Fund Managers Ltd., 33 King William 
Street, London EC4R 9AS (01-280 2800) or contact your usual financial adviser. 


Investment by Meecnty Warburg Investment Management Ltd. 




& first out off 


* beats all f 








frcwr> 1 3W — 


Interest rates worldwide are feHin 
forecast to fall further But Gij 
keep the same return A 
What's more, when intere^ 


Gilts still offer a return 

^^■building society rates are 
H^wemment Securities) 
■Brve bought diem. 


3 a year-6% higherthan the 
recast for this year! 

^Etna's new GILT-E W® ND offers one *e MOST 

cost-effeqH^® .to invest in gilts. 


Huge over Direct Investment 

^ a year income facility, 

sfc NO oudBEAlNSTAX on profits from Gilts. 

* Management3P' ps & Drew- voted top forgilt 
^jpFby 'Institutional Investor' poll. 

±Mup 18% in first 9 weeksto 1/5/86. 

. , 

0f >i J 

irna k rhp i n world’s largest publicly quoted insurance group, with assets 
equivalent to £ 

-Etna Life InsuJ®^ mp0ny Ud 401 SL lohn Street London EC1 V 4QL Reg. Na 1766220. 


Sliilistics l 1/3 86 

Sninv. Pint 

te and send the coupon in an envelope addressed to: 
ranee Company Ltd. FREEPOST London EC1 B I NA. 

r Customer Care Centre-dial 100 and ask the operator for Freefone /Etna. H 
m 9 am to 1 pm and from Sam to 8 pm each weekday, 
d me my FREE "Guide to Gilts' and details of the /Etna GILT-EDGED BOND to.- 

r for Freefone/Etna. The Centre is open this 


me of usual Professional adviser. 



P.S.Ifyou are self-employed or have nocompany pension, 
please tick the box so we can also send you detailsof 
/Etna's new Gilt-Edged Pension Bond □ 



wm. ..... 







High interest AND instant access to your investment 
at any time, without penalty. That's the simple, no-strings 
promise of Moneyspinner Pius. 

The minimum investment is £500 and a balance of £20,000 
or more earns the new highest rate level of 8J80% net p.a.- 
higher than you can get from any other major building sodetyi 
Interest is added annually in October or you can receive 
it as monthly income. 

Send the coupon to us FREEPOST, Newcastle and 

— start earning high, 

SwbJS '"{gf* Pipings interest 

onm -17 W wrthout delay. 







£500 or more 







NEWg 0 ^ 



Northern Rock Building Society FREEPOST 
Gosfbrth Newcastle upon *iynehE31BR. 

1/We endose cheque for £ 

to be invested in Moneyspinner Plus. 

(Please tidO 

□ frrteresttobeaddedannuaflytothe 

n Interest to be pad monthly 

Please confirm the application. 

interest upon receip t 



Ffeopie with your interest# heart 

Oiief Office: 

Northern Rock Hous^Gosfortft Newcastle upon ^neND 091-285 7191 

Gty of London Office: 

Stone House, 128/140 Bbhopsgate EC2M 4HX. Telephone: 01-247 6861 
Scottish office: 27 Carte Street. Edinburgh EH2 30N. Wephone: CST-226 3401. 



| PA TE ‘ 

Member of the JkjMngS<»«tJ«As50ciat»a 

Authorised for investment by Trustees. Branchesand Agents 
throug hout the UJC Assets exceed £lr500 mason. 




Solid assets in the garden 

Investing hardly describes the 
large . sums that gardening 
emhusiaste spend on plains 
and shrubs. For those whose 
idea, of a perfect garden is a. 
paved patio with a few got 

theatrical !*>»“»& 5? 

sme fora art 

stone Starnes are ffl we saic. 

Marble coton^ctoirs, 
and statues are esumaaw to 

One of the 

investing in wine is where to 
store die bottles so that they 
benefit under optimum condi- 
tions and are not shakes too 
mnefa or subjected to great 
temperature changes. The Se- 
lected Cellar Ptaa to be 
Branched next week by 
Justerim aad Brooks, ofLon- 
don and Edinburgh, solves this 

Josterini ami Brooks is die 
retail up-market wise stale of 
die .Grand Metropofitan hotel 

The firm has experience of 
framing fixture wine combina- 
tions that will appreciate at 
auction - the best barometer 
of price, it first embodied the 
principle of laying down young 
wines tfcr®ugh its Unit Wine 
Investment Plan in 1969. 

To own a good cellar, regu- 
lar boys from the dame 
vintages need to be undertaken 
as soon as reasonably possible 
after the wines come on the 
market James Lora, the 
group's wine buyer, has an 
international reputation for 
his flair to pick potential, 
assisted by his group's purr 

This is evident in next 
week's offer, which is divided 
into four “cellars”. The first 
consists of three clarets (two 
2983 Graves and a 1982 
Pmssegum St EmlQoa> ami 
two white burgundies from the 
excellent 1985 vintage. Fay- 
meat, like all the cellars, may 
be by either banker's order (in 
this case £24 a month) or a 
redaction for outright payment 
(£288 inclusive of 15 per cent 
VAT). The first cellar could be 
drunk from late 1987 onwards. 

A distinguished single vine- 
yard Chateaanenf-dn-Pape, 
Domaine Vfenx Tetegragtl* 
1983, which will make a fine 
bottle from 1990 onwards, 
forms oae of the five wines in 
cellar two. The others are J. 
M. BrocanTs 1985 ChabKs 
(one of the impressive yonng 
growths in that region) and 
three bourgeois 1983 clarets. 
The prices are £30 monthly or 
£342 outright 

Vintage port — Dow 1983, 
which should be orach in 
demand -at auction -by 1995 — 
forms one of the selection in 
cellar three. A second-growth 
Santerae, Chateau Ffihet 
1983, makes an apt choice in 
view of the fescreasiaf demand 
for dessert wines. Fine north- 
ern Rhdne hi the form of 1982 
Hermitage from Marcel 
GtrigaL possibly the best wine- 
maker there, together with two j 
clarets of classified- growth 
(Gnmnd-Larose 1983 and St 
Pierre 1985, both St Julien 
district), complete the range. 
The higher price of £60 
monthly or £720 reflects the 

For real investment poten- 
tial, cellar four has the answer 
three dozen bottles for £1320 
outright or £110 a month. It 
consists of first growth Cha- 
teau La Mission Hast Brian 
1983, and the vintage port 
house most in demand - 
Taylor — from Hie fine 1983 

Conal Gregory 



Ths is absolutely your Huai Owiob to 
i nvest in ow h^ity popular TnOte Bonus 

Bond 13rd nswe) antti jeoor investment 
diwled u secure a BUWaittood one year 

return erf 13* net on yotfr account wtl 
one of the biggest Societies and the 
balance invested n a MOO irtHon 
Managed Fund that has averaged 
lfflfpa. rat sacs it started m!977t. 

Cnflm now to secure your 
investment. Oitrphotm am 
moaned 7 days a week. 

* at iHi wda tl to trt. 10JF -t.WJ5. 
Min uwu Ww* E2UM 


Probably the best way yet devised 
to manage substantial portfolios 

For full details, td ephone or write to Nicolas Bowater 
The minimum investment is ^0,000 


Members ofTheSbodc Exchange 
ra Holbom Viaduct, 

London EC LA 2EU and Edinburg 
Telex 886653 PROCURG 

Member of the AN2 Grotm 


Leaving your job, perhaps to 
nrove to a new employer, can often 
bring instant financial gain. So it's 
natural in the circumstances to 
. overlook the hard-earned money 
paid into your previous company k 
pension scheme. 

But think, ff you leave behind a - 
deferred or frozen pension your 
benefits might suffer from more 
than a titde frostbite by the nine 
you retire. 

Also, keeping your okl com- 
pany in touch with your changes of 
address and making sure you re- 
ceive regular information about 
your pension can- be a real 
headache, especially if you've had 
more than one employee. 

• So now you'll be pleased no 
hear that there's an alternative — . 
The Equitable Transfer Plan. 

The Plan lets you thaw but 
your pension by placing the trans- 
fer value of your fund whh The 
Equitable, who then provide the 
pension benefits— benefits which, in- 
many cases, will be more attrac* 

■ March !«»' 

Date of Birth 

lil 1 

Tel: (Office) 

TamMrbt (Horae) 


rive than your deferred or frozen 

Undoubtedly, you will want to 
choose acompany with a first dass 
record of investment performance 
and, while the past cannot guaran- 
tiee the future, and the results in 
one area are not necessarily the 
same as in another The Eqmtableh 
achievement in personal pensions 
is remarkable. 

In Planned Savings magazine’s 
latest survey of 5, 10 and 20 year 
single premium with profits poli- 
-aes for personal pension plans* 
only one company appeared in the 
top ten of all six performance 
mbles over 1985 and 1986 -The 
Equitable Life. 

Whatls more, we won't pay out 
any of your money in the form of 
oommission to middlemen, so 
moreof yourmoney will end up m 
yow new pension fond. 

Tosrop yourpeiisioTi freezit^ 


You gaih because we’re different. 





Low stock highly favoured 

( SHARES ^ imo ihe_preyious year’s worst Not long after introducing stock markets are perform ini 

Anyone looking for a good, 
long-term investment might 
do well by buying oil shares 
They are thoroughly out 
of favour because of the slump 
in the price of oil and at 
current fevds the yield alone ' 
makes them worthwhile. 

ft Taking the ‘"recovery" ap- 
proach to investment — buy- 
ing out-of-favour stocks or 
sectors — often proves a 
successful way of backing 
future winners. 

Conversely, another invest- 
ment rule of thumb is not to 
plump fora sector or unit trust 
that . is popular now. The 
theory is that they could be 
fully valued and might well 
drop in price or remain static. 

A tong' time ago, back in 
1975, 1 made the classic 
mistake of the investment 
novice, which proves the 
point _ admirably. I invested 
^ £100 in M & G’s American 
ft, unit trust, the top performer of 
1 974. The wretched units 
barely moved during the next 
two to. three years and. given 
those days of hijgb inflation, 
the £100 was seriously deval- 
ued before I finally sold out. 

With hindsight the right 
thing to have done was to go 
for ! 974’s worst performer — 
an Extra Yield fond, and that 
£100 would have multiplied 
by about 150 per cent in a 

The backing of last year's 
laggards as a performance 
theory has been around for 
years, but in 1 983 Charles Fry 
£ of Johnson Fry, the London- 
^ based financial consultant, de- 
cided to offer a complete 
service so that clients could 
switch their money every year 

into the previous year’s worst 
performing M & G fund. 

Mr Fry chose M & G 
because it is one of the oldest . 
and largest of the unit trust 
groups with plenty of ftmds 
nom which to choose. He 
P ,c j$fid bo nds as opposed to M 
& G’s unit trusts because the 
unit trust switching fee was 
W at about £250 per 
£10,000. M & G Bonds are in 
fact invested in M & G unit 
trusts but have a different tax 
treatment. The crucial point is 
that the switch fee is a modest 

As bad luck would have it, 
the last two years - 1984 and 
1985 — have been the worst 
two consecutive years for the 
worst performer system: M & 
G's Property Bond recovered 
only marginally in 1984 and 
the Gold Bond (which invests 
in- gold shares) actually 

Gold prices leapt 
daring January 

dropped 23.2 per cent from 
January 1985 to January 1986 
after a rock-bottom 1984. 

Mr Fry does point out, 
however, that the date of 
switching is significant, and - 
incidentally, -if an investor had 
switched in February this year 
instead of January he would 
have made a respectable re- 
turn on gold, as there was a 
leap in gold prices during 

“You have to pick a date to 
illustrate the system so the 
beginning of the year is an 
obvious choice. But many of 
our clients come in at different 
times of the year and they 
don't necessarily choose a 12 
month cycle for the switch 
either," he says. 

Not long after introducing 
his worst performing system, 
Mr Fry decided to modify it. 
He reckons that the important 
thing is the spirit as opposed 
to the letter of the principle, 
and that there is nothing 
sacred about rigidly sticking to 
actual worst performers. He 
now recommends clients 
switch imo any one of the 
bottom four performers. 

He also has the Johnson Fry 
Managed Fund which adheres 
to the p ri nc i ples in a diluted 
form,. that is, it did not invest 
in the UK market in 1985 but 
picked the less popular Japa- 
nese markeL The bulk of 
clients’ money (about £5.5 
million) and some of his own, 
is is the managed fond. There 
is about £2 million worth of 
clients' cash still linked to the 
“pure" system. 

Charles Fry would advocate 
putting only a small amount, 
say 2 to 3 per cent of a client's 
cash, into the worst performer 
technique. “It appeals to peo- 
ple who are fed up with the 
uncertainties of investment 
management and find the 
simplicity of the system 
attractive," he says. 

Although the last two years 
have been disappointing, Mr 
Fry is still a firm advocate of 
the "recovery" principle: “It is 
very much a matter of keeping 
one's nerve and taking a long- 
term view. You've got to have 
the guts to be able to shift from 
the American Bond to the 
Extra Yield Bond in 1975. It's 
not a system for the faint- 

The danger of the rigid 
approach has been illustrated 
by gold in the last two years. 
One year's worst performer 
can still be a worst performer 
the next year. The system 
works best when sectors and 

stock markets are performing 
differently. When most of the 
world's stock markets are 
booming as they are at the 
moment, there is less chance 
of a big turnaround for poorer 
performing shares and unit 

It is not surprising that the 
M & G reaction to Johnson 
Fry's system is to emphasize 
the high risk. “It can work,’ 
says M & G. “and we are 
supportive of the recovery 
principle. Our Recovery unit 
trust has been an above aver- 
age performer and is the best 
perform rag trust ever from the 
date of iis inception 17 years 

In the past 10 years this 
same Recovery trust has risen 
an impressive 10 times. One 
of M & G's middling perform- 
ers, its General trust unit, has 

Sensible to split 
your investment 



Investment of £10,000 lump sum and switched each year to worst performing 
M&G Flexible Investment Bond of previous year 

10-year performance 5-year performance 

% value at £ gain/loss % value at £ gain/loss 
Jan 2 Fund year start at year end year start at year end 








Extra Yield 



— ... 





















Extra Yield 




















• +2.5 










Far East 




— . 

Source: Johnson Fry 

risen more than five and a half 
times, while rts worst perform- 
er during 10 years, Austral- 
asia, has risen only one and a 
half times. 

Investing in the worst per- 
former bond method of 10 
years ago would have pro- 
duced an increase in value of 
seven and a half times. Over 
five years the system would 
have produced a near dou- 
bling of the investment 

The Recovery fond did 
better with a two and a half 
times increase, but the system 
does not claim to produce the 
optimum returns, simply a 
good return. 

If you don't like thinking 
about your investments, this 
system could suit you. But it 
need not be used just within 
bond funds as these days most 
unit mist groups will give you 
a discount if you switch 
between unit trusts within 
their group. 

If you use this approach, it 
is probably a good idea to split 
your investment between the 
different sectors — United 
States. Japan, UK etc, and go 
for the bottom performing 
trust in each sector rather than 
the overall bottom performer. 
What happens in one market 
may bear no relation to what 
is happening elsewhere. 

Hilaire Gomerl 


attention has been 



l9 86 while 
r ?pe the 

County Bonk J b&'WggS 
achieving outstanding ^ 

Not only Has it auipo - . j- ^ 

based Japan U* Ul < 

European trust as 

• And itslorigeftenn iB^js imp^ 

Since July 1985 when if 

price of units has increcaedby 69^5^ 
a previous steady upward trend- 


The County Bank Japan Growth iw 
provide good long term capital growth 
believe that the Trust's outstanding recent 
mance illustrates our Fund Manager's a bar 
take advantage of the immense growth 
tial offered by the Japanese market. 

V\fe feel that traditional investment techni 
are insufficient and now need to be supplemented 
by an in-depth understanding of technical ana|yas 
and the demographic factors influencing the . v 
Japanese economy. 

The Trust's good performance has been 
enhanced by up to the minute local information 
and views from County Bank's Tokyo office. This 
gives an invaluable edge to our experienced 
Fund Manager in London. 

\bu should remember that the 
price of units and the income from 
them can go down as well as up. 


on on ofe r » ^ 

HKWhe reinvested 




Z VC ? 09e of ,he valuable discounts 

P 0V726 TO99 5 preva,lin9 price 
J he COupon and send it to us with 



586 VVasl482p unit, and 
^gross yield was 0.63%. 

1% DISCOUNT ON INv Ib ^ ■■ 


!F YOU INVES" - Qdc o, 5000 OR MORE 

Contract notes will be issued by return: 
certificates issued within 42 days The prices and 
yield are published daily in leading notional 
newspapers. Ybu can sell units ba<K to the 
Managers on any business day 01 ihe Bid Price 
ruling on receipt ol your instructions. An initial 
charge ol 5% IS inducted m the Otter Price of 
units. Remuneration is pod to qualrlied 
intermedianes- rotes available on request. The 
annual charge b 1% per annum (+VAT)oI the 
Tost value which is deducted from the Trust's gross 
income. The income distnbution will be mode 
annually on 1st November to unitholders 
registered by the 1st Sepiembet 
Trustee. Royal Exchange Assurance. 

Managers: County Bank Unrt Trusts Ltd 
Registered Office- 11 Old Broad Street, 

London EC2N IBB 
Registered Number. 907310. 

Member of the Unrt trust Association. 


Post to: County Bank Unft ital* Et& 

I/VWb wish to invest E _ — ‘ (i 

Trust at the offer price ruling on Ihe day otifa^pl 
¥usts Limited . ■ 

Or debit my ACCESS ocaamt Card Nal — .• { 

Surname!*): Mf/Mis/Mns 

• 7 

. • \’!§1 

* ■■■ ■ 

Please nek here lor automatic remvestmertf of income Q 
Please tick here tor details of the Gounty Bank Share Exchange 

County Bank Unit 

A National Westminster Bank 

TfecMn e n» ovolobte 10 awJmol b* 


Eddity rises Ester. 

. V 



Japanris on the up and up again. 

The Tokyo Stock Exchange’s up. 
Company profits are up. The Yen’s up. 

Regular Japan watchers are starting to 
invest again. Surely one of the most attractive 
opportunities is one of the sector's most 
successful funds. 

Fidelity’s Japan Trust 

ConsistenL,st]iorig performance. 

The best performing Japan unit trust over 

The third best performing of all unit trusts 
over 3 years. 

No wonder our Japan Trust has a strong 

Of course, the price of units and income 
from them may- go down as well as up. 

But regular Japan investors know that 
Fidelity’s record demonstrates consistently 
strong, long term performance. 

Astute tactical anticipation of those stocks 
and sectors likely to out-perform the market 
average is a vital part of fidelity’s investment 

Catch the eariy rising sun. 

Thejapanese Stock Market looks set for 
further growth. 

The key factors that are fuelling the 
Japanese industrial engine underline the 
renewed business confidence. Sharply falling 
oil prices. Further reduced manufacturing 

Best Japan fund 
over 3 years.T 

costs. An even lower inflation rate. 
Now’s the time to benefit. 

Best Japan fund 

than any western observer or long distance 
phone rail. 

Such information m akes us better able to 
judge what to buy and when to sell, to your 

Before it becomes more general 

The world’s biggest independent 
fund managmientgroup 

The Fidelity Group manages over £35 bn of 
institutional and private investment money. 

With offices in all the major economic 
zones we can monitor all the world’s markets. 

Hour by hour. 

Third best performing 
of all unit trusts over 3 years. 

And local staffing means that accurate 
local judgements ran be made against the 
global context 

For better investment 

To make more money out 
of Japan, invest now 

Fora minimum of £500 you can invest in 

Fidelity’s Japan Trust and catch the rising sun 

Just fill out the coupon and post it with 
your cheque directly to Fidelity or your 
professional advisor. 

Or if you want further information, 
telephone our investment advisors on our 
Callfree number below. 

The lines are open between 9.30 a.m. and 
5 JO p Jra. Monday to Friday, or on Saturday 
between 10.00 a.m. and 1.00 p.m. 

tPlanned Savings 1st May 1986. 'Oflerto bid 14th Mav 1986. 

+ 30% growth 
since January 2nd 1986. 

* Such consistency is more than good 

fortune. It’s sound management that’s pushed 
the Fund up 341%* since its launch in 1981. 

The fidelity approach demands a far more 
thorough understanding of the market 

A Japan Fund, 
the Japanese. 

Who best to judge the market than the 
Japanese themselves. 

Who best to run your Japan investments 
than a Japanese fund management team. 

Fidelity’s Tokyo office is 100% Japanese. 

Valuable local knowledge, important local 
government, industrial and commercial 
contacts put fidelity doser to the market mood 


To: Fidelity International Management Limited, P.O. Box 80, River Walk, Tonbridge, Kent TN9 1DW. 

I wish to invest £ — ~ in Fidelity Japan Trust at the offer 

price ruling on receipt of ray application and enclose my cheque made payable to Fidelity 
International Management Limited. Minimum Investment is‘£500. 

Please tick box if an existing Fidelity investor □ 

Surname MR'' MRS/ Ml S5 (Block letters please} 

First names .... 




(IF more than oneappfkant all must sign). 



nirORMATION anutnaanOKiwvourapirtiGaMwioggtowilhabrodiiireiifffll* 21s Tnl*\ An ~ MAK£ MONFV 

WWirmiuwmiotyAaHlMn^^^ pm charge to tbe Mau^tworinaratelwapaltf !%ami li%p(us V^To(Lheu»hieo(iheFua<LThcMniiMrh a r^i Icu ^?W.r^- C> ^^ i ^' g l™^m t o'"L^ ** * 

BKtadajRKbcpncc ■^ t0( rivi n gwni U« ?hra 3 rnimrW notice 10 MijlhOkfci^ Unitt maybe atemaar day al ibe hid prireruint£oq rtn^ of wurratounct^ be sail within Tmoridngdayc. Prices aw quoted daily in the Financial Tones. Oradf p574. and Phmt» 1 i 1 B|^t, — '‘-A.T bat the M:»v* — , 1%Qfrbct ?ficrre-.-.v.. 

^ ^ ^^ ^y^-Thnhridge. Kent TW IDY.TbeTnm is* wkfcreaggc irwoce Kcuritywtbonsed by iheD.TL Member of the Ural Trua A$»oaauoa Oflcr not open to ressiaiBof Ihe Republic oflrcUnd. 



p.a . 

Ends galore, but look 

t the true cost to yon 


It’s up to you how much 

^ - - ,;jl _f> 

The London Life incomeSelecior offers 

you more than just a high interest ra . 

It offers you a choice. _ n :„i 

A choice of income in addition l ^ P“ 

^ By investing in this plan you can cnoose 
the balance that suits your neeo f 5 ' 

For example, if you just want t “- 

gro’Ath we can 
of 15.5 'per annum. 

CilOOSe tO p3it 

income, we !« still 
jv-A-th than the 
i were usually 


| ijRf 

i ■ nsaaKsatsi 

To: New Business Dera. ... 

The London L::e Associ.j.'o..-.. 
FREEPOST. I'A' Tempi**:™- 
Bristol m 

(no stamp re v:.'- - • 

I would Be low :ro:e about 

London L>:eVircrr= sector. 


:? wjr 
:>ur slatt 



Competition to lend money 
for home loans is fierce and 
getting fiercer. Though we arc 
some way from a petrol purnp- 
sivle price war, banks and 
building societies arc stum- 
bling over themselves to find 
new ways of inducing us to 

borrow. ' 

Interest rates are edging 
down and new house purchase 
packages are being launched 
everv few weeks. This is a 
marketing war and some of 
the more traditional borrow- 
ers do not like it. 

-Wc. as building societies, 
have onlv ourselves to 
blame.’* says Bob Moffat of 
the Nationwide Building boci- 
etv. “We've got ourselves into 
the position where there is a 
lot of competition. Thais 
partly because rates are too 
high. It may be that we should 
pay less to depositors ana 
charge less on mortgages and 
so redress the balancebetween 
borrower and lender." 

Here arc just two examples 
from recent weeks. Midland 
Bank is trying to attract first- 
time buyers and entice custom 
from its' competitors by shav- 
ing half a point otT us mon- 
gage charges for new 
borrowers for the first year, 
and last week Barclays pared 
down its rates to a nominal 
1 1.75 per cent 

Midland's offer, which 
lapses at the end of May (while 
slocks last), subsidizes the 

lawyers* charges and transfer 
costs for borrowers switching 
from another bank or building 
society. The message is dear— 
there has never been a better 
time for house buyers to shop 
around for the best deals and 
cheapest rates. 

But what’s in a rate? It 
would seem laughably obvi- 
ous that a lower interest rate 
will cost less per month. 
However, a glance at our table 
of monthly repayments will 
tell you otherwise. Every insti- 
tution sets its own rate, but the 
amount to be paid depends on 
how the interest is calculated 
and when it is applied to the 
capital borrowed. 

“It's a weird and wonderful 
process," says Stuart Go wan 
of the Woolwich Building 
Society. “We all have our own 

' formula and; 
thatVtbsL". ■ . 

The building societies near- 
ly an use the same method of 
reckoning rep&ytfcems andin- 
terc« charges are worked put 
on the capital balance act the 1 
beginning, of the year. This 
means the; interest change 
takes no account of the redac- 
tion in the amount owing and 
tire actual interest rate is 
higher than the quoted rate. 

The big four banks. with the 
exception of National West- 
minster which follows the' 
building society cricntarioa. ; 
'work out the interest on a day- ' 
to-day. baas. This means that-' 
the rate quoted is a true rate. 

Broadly speaking, that 
means bank mortgages work 
out cheaper even though the 
rate of interest quoted is the- 

/ tons r&tFecnr/ui nwrrutrrtu 

^metrLMtCWCj A 


Repayment coats tor a £25,000 repayment mortgage 
(over 25 years} 

Abbey National 
Barclays (const 
net) - 

{annually revised) 
Halifax (level start) 
(dross profiler 

Midland Homeowner 
Pius- first year* 
Nation al We s tmi ns t e r 








' 11.5 





T1 . 












Net ma ny. 










What do 

you neeci xo 
succeed in your 
new business? 

Luck? Or one 

When you decide to launch a new business into today’s competitive 
markets, you have two important options ahead of you. 

You can hope that Luck will carry you through. 

Alternatively, you can capitalise more fully on your own talents, vision and 
enterprise by taking up one of our naming programmes- 
at no cost to yourself. 

The Manpower Services Commission has joined forces with some of 
Britain’s leading business schools, universities and polytechnics. 

Together we have analysed what essential advice, counselling, contacts 
and professional guidance entrepreneurs need when they start operating 
their own profitable business. 

The result is a range of highly respected, highly practical and highly 
relevant business training programmes. Programmes at all levels and at 
venues nationwide that have helped other entrepreneurs create some 
of the most successful business ventures in Britain -by virtue of a 
viable proposition and marketing strategy -and the commitment to 
make them zoork 

Put yourself on course to succeed For a copy of our special Training for 
a Enterprise 7 information pack, simply complete the coupon. 


Get on course with Training for Enterprise 

To: Training for Enterprise, FREEPOST, London SE8 3BR. 

I Please send me details on the Training, for Enterprise* Scheme. 

same.' Competition means 
that these .differences merit 

^You’ll find that we’re often 
a quarter of, appoint or so 
1 bdow the other banks. We’re 
perfectly : happy- with our 
method of applying interest,** 
says John Fegx jo? National 
. Westminster. are not in 
. the gimmicky %id of the 
market." k 

/ Gimmicks eir-poi. the appli- 
cation of itueresx makes a lag 
difference to the monthly 
repayment,; ds. our table 

It is bombty confusing but, 
■accor d ing toT^lip Wtbberley 
of Midiaral-it is “all to do 
with the difference between 
accimrabtRra and calculation 
of interea”! He says: “We 
apply oursou the third Friday 
of the month.- Barcteys applies 
it at a different inner* 

If yewi sSS have fifth hi 
quoted interest rates as a really 
useful guide to how much you 
can expect to pay per month, 
look at the .; two types of 
repayment mortgage offered 
by the Halifax and despair. 

The situation is still further 
confused by the feet that 
monthly mortgage repay- 
ments will vary depending on 
whether you opt for the “gross 
profile” or “constant net 
repayment” method of 

Repayments at first 
pay mostly interest 

With the former, the 
monthly repayments in the 
early years constitute mostly, 
interest and little capital is 
repaid. This means that you 
get higher tax relief on the 
interest element of every, 
monthly repayment — and 
therefore lower net monthly 
repayments. . . 

The net cost gradually rises 
as tiie loan is repaid and a 
greater proportion of every 
monthly, repayment repre- 
sents capiial rather than inter- 
est Wiih ihe “constant net 
repayment” method your af- 
ler-tax-reBeP monthly pay- 
ments remain the same 
because the buildup society 
has avera^d out the mortgage 

there owoMer 800 UK ouexxisedUr* 
TresisowWiiB. ftrwurtu 

(oottesepn asssi ■) afteunglte 

retnsyDorequre * 

Wteslxtf be pleased toprowd&yoow* 
owcuwwtw w ato B rtiaconro^ 





* m 

W. *...4 

interest ' relief aver the full 
term of the loan. Iratial repay- 
ments are. therefore, higher 
than with a “gross prowe* 
loan — hut they end up lower. 

Most building societies of- 
fer only “constant net repay- 
ment Joans" but the Halifax 
offers you a choke. 

But the re quire ment - to 
quote an APR (annual per- 
centage rate), contained in the 
Consumer Oredit Act has 
done little to help house 
buyers. Building societies are 
mu obliged to abide by the 
formula laid down in the Act 
and few of litem ’quote APR&; 
whereas the banks do. . 

The trend is to 

better value 

The APR formula requires 
that every charge oonnectod 
with the provision of credit is 
included in the calculation of 
the APR. The Woolwich, for 
exampte. indudes interest on 
legal costs and proposal fees 
(typically £63 on a loan of 
£25900). . 

Most-other lenders require 
these costs xo be met outside 
the mortgage debt and conse- 
quently would quote a lower 
APR. Hence, the Nationwide 
is perhaps better value than it 
may appear. 

The trend now w towards 
lower interest rates and better 
value for the borrower. But 
cheaper money wiB come, 
sooner rather than later, judg- ' 
ing by the Bank of England’s 
signals to the money markets. 

- The budding societies will 
now need a substantial s&pfti 
base rases before lowering 
mortgage charges further. It 
costs the Halifax £250900 in 
a dministra tive and postage 
expenses every tune ii notifies 
borrowers of an altered rate.. 
But the competitive pressure 
to lend may make them jump. 
“There is stiB some scope for 
lower mortgage rues.” says 
MicbaelWjimore ofBarcfays. . 

lei as hope that really is the 
case. The days of mortgage 
queues and haughty lenders 
are over. Perhaps the battle to 
make loans will bring us gift 
offers in the best tradition of 
price wars. RoU on the era of 
better value for the public, 
even if it does not quite 
translate into a free house with 
every mortgage. 

Martin Baker 


fbr a free copy of oar 
I 1986 Guide, with full 
details of our top- 
performing frutds and 
both lumpsum and 
! monthly investment, 
j simply send this 






Savings still rising in the East 


Japan continues to attract 
interest and our recent article 
on unit trusts investing j Q 
Japan prompted much corre- 
spondence. “Your article was 
very interesting." wrote a 
Times reader, “but how does 
the really small investor get in 
on Japan?" 

The answer is, with a unit 

T?fL r ? ular brings scheme. 
”>ese have to be the bargain 
7 ? e century for anyone 
pul money away 
for example, if you 
had bought any UK growrih 
“"j, J™ regular savings 
sememe 10 years ago ft would 
nave outperformed even the 
pest 10-year with-profits sav- 
tngs-type life policy. Not only 
nave the unit trust managers 

done well for their clients, but 
the charges on a unit trust 
regular savings scheme are 
much lower than on a with- 
profits endowment. 

Comparisons with Japanese 
unit trusts are more difficult 
os few Japan-invested funds' 
were in existence 10 years ago, 
as the table shows. However, 
the three funds that were 
around 10 years ago would 

jj egular monthly s avings schemes linked to Japanese unit trusts 

Value of £20 invested monthly to April 1, 1986* 

! »ves t 

Allied Dunbar Japan 
Arbuthnof Pfiio Japan 
Baltic Japan & Gen 
Bardayunic Japan & Gen! 

Barrington Japan 
Britannia Japan Pert. ■ 

Britannia Japan Snfiir. Cos. 

County Bank Japan Growth 

Fidelity Japan 

Fidelity Japan Spec. Sits. 

Framhngton Japan & Gen. 

Gartmore Japan 

« G ovett Japan Growth 
Grofund Japan 
GT Japan & Gen. 

M&G Japan & Gen. 

M&G Japan SmHr. Cos. 

Midland BK Japan & Pac. 

MIN Japan Perf. 

Oppenheimer Japan Growth 
S&P Japan Growth 
S&P Japan Smllr. Cos. 

Schroder Jap. Smllr. Cos. 

Schroder Tokyo 
Tyndall Japan- Growth 
Wardley -Japan 

Offa to bid price basts (net income reinvested}. 

Interest 7 









1 107.3 









9447.5 17449.5 





7201.7 15930.2 

0.8 . 1059.1 


2.5 1171.7 

Source: Manned Savings 

have produced returns well in 
excess of the best with-profits 


Regular savings schemes by 
their nature are long-term 
investments, so what are the 
long-term prospects for Ja- 
pan? Paul Graves, who man- 
ages County Bank's top- 
performing Japan Growth 
Trust, sees lasting growth in 
Japan: “The Japanese market 
is going to hold up well in the 
short term, but it's a market 
that is continually changing." 

County Bank recently intro- 
duced a regular savings facility 
on its range of unit trusts, so 
investors with small sums can 
take a stake m this top- 
performing fund. Since Janu- 
ary 1 ft has gone up by 44 per 

Mr Graves says: “It really is 
not possible to apply fixed 
criteria to Japan. It is a 

‘Some volatility 
under the surface 9 

technical market. The fall in 
oil prices has helped consider- 
ably in boosting domestic 
companies, and .broadening 
the market generally. For this 
reason it is important to buy 
stock because it shows the 
right technical patterns rather 
than because n falls into a 
particular sector. Japan is very- 
much a concept market, the 
belief that something will 
happen comes through much 

(Mr £10.000 7.48 7.74 0705827733 

Tufa & Rdey cal 7.76 7.94 012360952 

T 5 B 7 flay 7.75 733 07 2960052 

Tyndall rail 750 732 0272 732241 

TyrOal 7 (Jay 7.63 735 0272732241 

l)OT 7 dsy 7 JS 734 01 B2B4661 



Current account - no interest paid. 
Deposit accounts — seven days, 
notice required for withdrawals: 
Barclays 4.75 per cent. Lloyds 4.75 
per cent. Midland 475 per cent, 
NatWest 4.75 par cent National 
Girobank 4.75 per cent Fixed term 
deposits £10,000 to £24.999 - 1 
month 7.125 per cert, 3 months 
6.875 per cert, 6 months 8.625 per- 
cent (National Westminster); i 
month 6.634 per cert, 3 months 
6.447 per cert, 6 months 6.26 per 
cert (Midland). Other banks may 


Fund Net-CNAR Tataptaa 

Fund . Net-CHAF 

Atfcan Hume ■ 
monotone. 729 755 
Bof Seottatf 7.10 734 
Barclays Ran 
Deposit Account 
£1.000-0399 713 732 

£10300 A onr 738 738 
r>~, Carter Atoms* 729 734 
w Oman*: 

Money Mkt Plus 7.10 734 
HFC Trust 7 day 830 838 
Henderson Money 
Market - 

Cheque Account 7.10 7.34 
Uoyds HICA 7.80 732 
M&GHICA . 7.19 744 

Midland HICA 

aOOO£a999 720 7.40 
£10300 and over 740 731 
Nat West Higb 
w Spec Rosena 
£236559399 725 744 



01 5882777 



01 6264586 



E2.6oO-E9.8S0 725 744 017261000 

£10300 Aotor 7.38 738 017261000 

Oppeonemer Money 

734 0J 2*8382 
over £10.000 729 7.48 012369382 

SAPCafl ; . 725 731 070868966 

728 734 0706687738 

Tyndal7day 7.63 735 0272732241 

DDT 7 day 778 734 01 828 4661 

Western Trust 

1 month 738 733 0752261181 

L4GHjghtra.Dep.775 739 01 3888211 

CNAR - Compounded Net Annual Rate. 
Figures are the latest avaiafite at the threat 
gong to press. Research D. Berm 

National Savings Bank 
Ordinary accounts - H a minimum 
balance of £100 maintained for 

whole of 1986, 6 per cent interest 
p. a. tor each complete month where 
balance is over £500. otherwise 3 
per cent Investment Account— 11 -5 
per cent i n terest paid without de- 
duction of tax, one months notice of 
withdrawal, maximum investment 

National Savings Income Bond 

Minimum investment £2.000, maxi- 
mum £50,000. Intarest12.00 par 
cent variable at six weeks notice 
paid monthly without deduction of 
tax. Repayment of 3 months notice. 
Penalties in first year. 

National Savings Indexed Income 

Start rats monthly income for first 
year3 per cent , increased at end of 
each year to match increase in 
prices as measured by Retafl Prices 
Index. Cash value remain s th e 
same. Income taxable, payed gross. 
Three months notice of withdrawal 
Minimum investment of £5,000 in - 
multiples- of - £1,000. Maximum. 
£50.000, . 

National Savings 3rd Index-Linked 
Cer tifica tes 

Maximum Investment — £5.000 
exdudfing holdings of after issues. 
Return tax-free and finked to 
changes in the retail price - index. 

Supplement of 2^ per cent in the 
first year, 2,75 per cent in the 
second, 325 per cent (n the third, 4 
per cent in the fourth, and 525 per 
cert in the fifth. Value of Retirement 
Issue Certificates purchased in May 
1931 . £148.55 , inducting bonus and 
supplement April RPl 385.3 . (Die 
new RPl figure is not announced 
until the third week of the following 

National Savings Certificate 
' 3ist issue. Return totally free of 
income and capital gains tax, equiv- 
alent to an annual interest rate over 
the five-year term of 7 £5 per cent, 
rfteximum Investment £5,000 

National Savings Yearly Plan 
A one yea- regular savings plan 

7.1% - 4 yrs Prov. Cap.7.75% - 5 yrs 
Cannon Assurance - 7.75% . 

Local authority town hafl bonds 
Fixed term, fixed rate investments. 
Interest quoted net (basic rate tax 
deducted at source non recta un- 
able) lyr North amp ton 7.1% - 2yrs 
Manchester 7% min invest£500 • 

converting into 4-year savings cer- 
tificates. Minimuni £20 a month, 
maximum £200 . Return ova five 
years B.19 pa cent, tax free. 

National Savings Deposit Bond 
Minimum investment £100 , maxi- 
mum £50,000 . Interest 12 pa cent 
variable at six weeks notice credited 
annually without deduction of tax. 
Repayment at three months notice. 
Half interest only paid on bonds 
repaid durmg first year. 



IF YOU had invested <£1 ,000 in 

Britannia’s Japan Performance 
Fund on 1st January this year, it 
would be worth £1,517 today* 

The fund is fifth best performer 
over this period of all 862 unit 

Japan now set for even 
more growth. 

Our Japan Performance Fund 
concentrates on investment in 
Japan’s developing domestic 
economy. This sector is set to 
benefit from the Japanese 
government’s plans for massive 
expansion of the home market, 

•Offer to bid. net income 

as well as: 

sf: the fall in oil prices 
5k near-zero inflation rate 
5jc 4% growth in the economy 
this year 

sk low interest rates, now half 
those of U.K. 

Japan can make yon money. 

Find out more about Japan, and 
about the track record and future 
prospects of Britannia’s pace- 
making Japan Performance Fund. 

Post the FREEPOST coupon 
or CALL FREE on 0800-010 333 
{9.30-5.30 weekdays) for full 

reinvested (12/5/86). 

a u ail [in M k W 4 Ilk Hi 

To: Britannia Unit 
Trust Managers Ltd. 

I 7 V 78 Finsbury 
I Circus, London 
| EC2A1JD. 

I please send details 
I of the Britannia 
j Japan Performance 

Fund plus your 

| latest Market 
| Summary. 


i Mr >1 t* Miffi 


ranch capitai-s please 



080Q010 333 jj 

6.91% min. mvest £1000 (These 
rates are liable to change daily) 

Further details available from Char- 
tered Institute of Public Finance & 
Acco u nt a ncy. Loans Bureau (638 
6361 between 10 am and 2.30pm) 
see also prestel no 24808. 

Bidding S o c frtiw s 

Ordinary share accounts - 6.00 pa 

sooner than the event itself. 

“I would see the market 
continuing to perform wc!L 
with considerable volatility 
under the surface. The vital 
thing is to catch that volatility 
on its upward moves. The 
fund manager's ultimate aim. 
however, must be to build a 
good, steady- portfolio that 
gives long-term growth." 

Over at M & G, Pauline 
Choy. who manages the M & 
G Japan funds, is expecting a 
rise of at least 10 per cent in the 
Japanese market. She is cash- 
ing in her chips in terms of 
companies operating in the 
domestic market and is 
switching to selected high- 
tcchnoiogy stocks. She has 
about 30 per cent of the funds 
in this sector. 

' She concedes that she might 
have to forgo some short-term 
performance by following this 
strategy but is certain that, 
longer-term, this is the right 
move to make. 

Edward Kong, who man- 
ages the Schroder funds, still 
likes the domestic sector but 
feels some companies have 
risen too far. This view is not 
held, however, by John Hob- 
son, who manages the Target 
Japanese trusts. He believes a 
fundamental change has been 
brought about through pres- 
sure from the .Americans on 
Japan to reduce its enormous 
trade surpluses. 

Lorna Bourke 

cent Extra Interest accounts usual- 
ly pay 1-2 pa cert ova ordinary 
snare rets. Rates quoted above are 
those most commonly offered. Indi- 
vidual building societies may quote 
different rates, interest on all ac- 
counts paid net of basic rate tax. 
Not retiaimable by non-taxpayers. 

Foreign currency deposits 
Rates quoted by Rothschfid's OkJ 
Court international Reserves 0481 
26741. Seven days notice Is re- 
quired tor withdrawal and no charge 
is made for switching currencies. 

935 pa cent 
600 per cent 
338 pa cent 
3.70 pa cent 
648 per cent 
230 pa cent 

<?Aes oi uoppodujoo oip sjeq/w 

Whichever way you look at it, our specialist investment team 
have Jived up to their aim of capital growth in the markets of South 
East Asia and Japan. 

Send off for full details in the TR Pacific Basin Investment 
Trust Annual Report now And discover how we left the competition 

-The net jtai .a<ue pc, JSoortmjrt tfnrcilmtv e*nM Pv mjrraml rereawfl ft. 1 * 8 1 ‘« from W Mw ilW? W i' J JjruJfV 1986 
Th.-toffiMnyttWACaueuirinii name m Apr <i IMJioiefleei 

Send ta David Home. Company Secretary TR Pacific Basin Investment Trust PLC. Tln ™ 5 

Mermaid House, 2 Puddle Dock, London EC4V 3AT. Tel: 01 -236 6565. 

Please send me a copy of the TR Pacific Basin Investment Trust Annual Report 

Postcode ¥ 



D Mark 
French Franc 
Swiss Franc 

Local Authority Yuring Bonds 
12 months fixed rate investments 
interest 9.5 pa cent basic rate tax ! 
deducted at source (can be re- 1 
. claimed by non-taxpayer), minimum 
Investment £ 1 ,000, purchased 
through st ockbroka a bank. 

G uarantee d Income Bonds 
Return paid net of basic rate tax: 
higher rate taxpayers may have a 
further UabJHty or maturity. 1 yr New 
Direction Finance - 7JJ5%2 yrs Gen. 
Portfolio - 7%, 3 yrs Premium Life 


£14,500 IN JUST 19 WEEKS* 

If you had taken the opportu nity 
to invest & 1 0,000 in the Wardley Japan Vl|)UB// 
Growth Trust at the start of this year (2nd 
January 1 986), you would al ready have 
had the satisfaction of seei ng your money 
grow in value to a starring £14,500 (by 
1 4 th May ). That’s a growth of 45 % in just 19 WhoI 

weeks. Have your investments performed as 1||| 
well over this period? 

Now we are offering you the opportunity to ^ 

invest ki this high performing Unit Trust directly 
off this page. And if you investWore 25th May 
1986, you can take advantage of a special discount 
that could be worth an extra 2% to you. 

Wardley’s consistently outstanding 
investment record 

■ The superb short-term performance of the 
Wardley Japan Growth Trust is not an ‘overnight 
wonder'. Units have shown a dramatic increase in 
value of over four times since the Fund’s launch 
in September 1 982. 

This remarkable investment performance is 
increasingly being accepted by serious investors as 
par for the course for Wardley Unit Trusts. The 
Wardley International Growth Trust has grown in 
I value by 60% * since its relaunch in November 
1 985, and the Wardley European Growth Trust has 
! increased in value by 111%* since it was launched 
i In January 1985. 

How do Wardley do it? 

The answer is simple. Wardley's pro- 
fessional team of expert advisers work J T 
exceptionally hard in analysing, inter- f 

preting, and forecasting market move- y' J 
ments. Our Japan Growth Trust is actually j f 
advised by our Fund Management team 
in their Tokyo Office. They are ‘on the spot’ to 
take advantage of investment opportunities as 
and when they arise. 

In fact, although the Nikkei-Dow index has itself 
grown rapidly over the last four years, it has been 
consistently beaten by the Wardley Japan Growth 

MOM, SeehowwedtheVlfen0ey Japan 

| Growth TTust has performed in relation 
CH00 1 to the Japan Nflctet-Dow average. 

j Will the Wardley Japan 
Growth Trust maintain its 
/ growth performance? 

* We believe that future prospects for 
continued growth from this Fund look 
excellent. As the Japanese economy 
continues to flourish, selective investment 
opportunities are likely to be found in 
companies with household names such as 
Sony, Honda, JVC Casio, Nikon and Toshiba. 

Of cou rse, th is rate of growth cannot be 
guaranteed to continue, and the value of 
un ‘ ts ^ income from them 

^ cangodownaswellasup. 

? t How you can invest 

TTV All you need to do is to complete 
the attached application form and 
^ send it to us with your cheque, 
made payable to Wardley Unit Trust 
Managers Limited. 

The minimum investment is&l ,000, 
but those of you who invest more than 
&2.000 before 25th May 1 986 will also be 
eligible for a 1 % reinvested discount— and 
if you invest 55,000 or over, we will give you 
a reinvested discount of 2 % . 

Our aim is to provide unitholders with 
good, long-term, capital appreciation from 
an actively managed portfolio of Japanese 
securities — our key concern is to achieve 
capital growth — income is not a prime 
consideration with the yield estimated at 
around 0.2% perahnum. 


OsaUnaln Units: umb hM ba bouflM uttw ruling Otter pnceon any 
busmoss eey w amen wOere are ironed. (As a suds me OUer prtea on 
W»iMayisa6was u2J3p). a Contact NottHtilMsanuimziaaraiMvvftur 
appucano" '* wemiwd — ana your Una Crnfacae win normally toilow wahtn 
the n*rt 42 dayc. Whan you ms *Hir un4i. paynw* ««■ be mam « uw Btf 
price, normal? <vttwi7dapB of Aersceq* of your renounced unu Cerohcaie. 
PricoaaMjMId: The current pncHondyiMa are quotad dally in im DM? 

IWai/nph. -inencrei Times and The Tnu 

Momm: The asrenandgreae cunere yWdon VB, Hay was 0 24b par 
annum KM tmune is denbutad annually on Mov«Rib«r29fh. 

Cnagwir An mmol charge of S»« re tacfcided nthepnee of units 
Cmmu asm ib pa<d nquaUad mrennadrena. the rotw bora BvaftabW a, 
reauM AnanrejafnanegamentcnaiBBaf 14b(0iutVNnaiheirefcjeofiire 

Trua m dadueMd from lire ineonrefo, capoal . rfttare a msufficwm uvonrej 
Mssnnlu The Xyai «aumonaad bym» Secretary of Stale lor Hade ana 
Industry ano® a wuJ#* ranoe nresaneni under tM vuatee Inmsan ere AcL 
iWf The IhisMe a Lloyds Bank He. 7t Lombard Sheet London EC3P3BS. 

A meaner of the Una 'Bus Assocttbon. 

"Calculated on an oflwio bid basis to 14 th May 1986. 

Application for Investment 
in the Wardley Japan 
Growth Trust 


for investments of £2,000-54,999. 


for investments of 55,000 & above .. . 

If you invest by 25/5/86 

l/We for units in ttie value ol 5 

(min. £1.000) at the Managers' quoted oRer price on 

receipt erf this applied Kin. 



Fund Managers Worldwide 


jj !!«i!h fclj* 01 ’ oinl «udi iiium sign and 

I attach full names) > 

« M«asc tick the appropriate rl >\hi wwild like 

I til income dumbuiKiiftiieimested 

b toaflsolou? Shore Exchange Scheme 

I frill details ol regular momhic- mgs 

3 COT1 P ,cwd applicariun and 

I cneque lor the amount tTniHibh m invent to 

I u nit Tr ™* Man ®gers United 

Wardley House. 7 Devonshire Sqnii» 

I London EC2M 4HN. 

5 Telephones 01-929 1532 or 1534 

1 Pto( applicable to Eire) 7r 



USS barbican hall 


at the BARBICAN 

55H ? ar - biCan Centre ' Silk St ' ec 2Y 80S 

01-638 8891/628 6795 
Telephone Bookings: lOam-gpm 7 days a week 


TOMORROW at 7J&pin 









0 pm 



SgcSbUgb pud fbrdnab 


^ "rM T:S V ’ 




Sponsored by American Express Ltd. 



: ’Mcnd*23JuMri7!48pre 


^ 3 cW*:E 2 C 3 E«E 5 fi 8 - 




!'I R< :hi.l room 


- -v j/jl gi?cg35 

F II I , ’ i l l . nT/S i 

r ■ ■ r_ _ 





Friday 20 Amo at 730pm 





' ;7!7P: I W • ; i h : ; i ; : : Tl u ~V r 




({(( # for perfect gifts t uci -Sun 1 iom-7pr 


FRIDAY NEXT 23 MAY at 7.30 pm 




Principal Conductor: Giuseppe Sinopoli 

I V' 







Mbbtj.., MVUCHM BnO«P.MB 


M aw ^NFHMrWMiaUntER) 

SATURDAY 22 JUNE st 8 pm ' 

<<1- - BEETHOVEN: Senna m Ltln. Op 11 No 1 
BERG: borua Op I 

a l«W SCHUMANN: Swan ib G maw. Ur- = 

” BjflBL CHOPLV > Impromptu*. FaMM-I myronipt u 
- eCihnpcinx. Op. M. Ballade No. Jib Alta 
t l t 4 V. ifi v. ft iii' Kin ui -sai ;n: . t:c di-xa woo ' 


conducted by 





Queen Efinbcch 
TONIGHT at 7.45 




■ Beethoven SYMPHONY NO.l (EROICAl 


i» V. il V. £* V. L~- i» V.iV «0. ilO 9) HiBin-OM Vl«l Lt. Oim> WOO 


Debussy: La Beta i joujoux 
Messiaen: Oiseaux Exouques 
Boulez: Edat 
Ravel: Ma Mere fOyc 





Tcfatv- £4,0,£L5O.£B 

* * * * 

L4. £\ £&■ £• *>■ 0.50. 0 50. £1050 Hafl 01 -9ffl 3101 CL. 01-938 8800 

TUESDAY 3 JUNE at 7.30 pan. 


|3*> Sonata in D major, Op. 10 No. 3; 

Jjjf j Appassonata Sonata; Lev Admix Sonata; 
vGIkl Waldstem Sonata 

£5.0 £7 % £10. £1291 Hall -01-481 3191- CC 01-923 8800. 

Monday Next 19 May at 7 JO 


Poulenc: La Voiz Humaine 
Messiaen: Et Exspecto Resurrecoonem Mortuorum 
Ravel: Daphnis et Chloe (complete) 


Thursday Next 22 May at 7 JO 


Haydn: Symphony No. 1 02 
Strauss: Horn Concerto No. I 
Strauss Also Spradb Zarathusna 


Friday 23 May 7. 45pm Barbican Hall 

A concert with tlx recorder virtuoso 


programme inclodci 

TELEMANN Suite in A minor far recorder and orche st ra 

VIVALDI , Recorder Concerto in CRv443 

ELGAR _. Introduction and Allegro for Strings 

MOZART Symphony No 29 in A K201 


Seat Prices £9. £S.n. £6. £5 

B<n Offfcx Tel: 10-8 every day ind. Sun CM -638 889 1/628 8795 

Thursday 29 Mav 7.15 pm Barbican Hall 



JOHN ULLpiano 

HAYDN Symphony No .70 in D 

BRAHMS. Piano Concerto No 1 

BARTOK .Concerto for Orchestra 

. Seat Prices £9.50. £8.50. £7.50. £6. £4.50. £3 
Box Office Tel. 10-8 every day inc. Sun 01-638 8891.628 M9S 

Friday 30 May 745 pm Barbican Hall 


sings with the 


See Barbican panels for full programme details 
Seat Prices £10.50. £8.50. £7.50, £6. £4. 50, £3.50 
Box Office Tel. 10-8 every day inc. Son. 01-638 8891/628 8795 

WEDNESDAY 25 JUNE at 7 j* 5 pun. 


Ruvct .................... 

£5.£A£7.fiI3a J pjq.£lll» 


Bn Office (01-608 8795) CmficCarAi(Di-ti8 B89I> 

125 Tantnfaoa Conn Road. LendMWI or ohoneM-387 2082 

£3, £37S.£L7S,£6 1 £7J25 1 £B.«,£9.50,£1I 
AvaiUWcfram HjBfQI -928 31911 CCWI -928 88001 A eenas 

TUESDAY 27 MAY at 7.45 {vm. 
Huri wa/HwwUJ fm w a 


SCHUBERT: Rondo BriQam, D. 895 

SCHUMANN: Sonars in D minor. Op. 121 

BARTOK: Sonata No. 1 

£3. £4, £5. £6. £7 B«W Office ( 01-828 3191) CG (0WO8 8800) 

FRIDAY 30 MAY at 745 pm 

PACO PENA guitar 

A return visit of this popular master 
of the flamenco guitar 

£3.90, £4.50, £5.50, £6.50 Box Office 01^28 3191 CC 01-928 8800 

lA USBK p resent* at the Q UKEN ELIZABETH HALL 








lirKcl*. from TICMTIIMIK Ol IT'I Oii3 


DW4 , nil«|n^|wi«w*l4«l«4ib«M»m 

Thursday 29 May at 7 JO pm 


"An mmm p* p te H Mo w o " 

Ditctur FmBvdbm 
W orio by Bach, SdicMb Rbbmmi (La Boriides) 


SUNDAY 8th JUNE at 7.30 

Monday 2 June at 7 JO pm 


MnudanordK Yea 1996 (Rgn Mepane), widiifae 


barbican MtaauattexxnmtameiASgm 


Stravinsky: Dumbarton Oaks 
Moure Viofin Cooceroo No5 
. Saunt-SaSns: Havanaise 
Mrodriwohnr Symphony N&l inC minor . , 

T«te £?. 50 .£ 8 ,/A 50 .£ 5 .£i» 

Tdephoae bookings: 01-A38 8095/628 8795 (Ua»6pia hd. Sundap) 




To I nm^u rmlg Ihc Appeal to dw> in Ljrnur wf 

TJULTIk Prince and PriocworUUcs 
Royil Jodm of Mtaic orcheftrs 
Sir Rcpari GoodalT, Mouiiu Du dfawl e wnlumm 
Raphael WUflidi cdo. Aftcnri Striuf QanruK 
Royal Acadcmyf Marie ChoTWfc lnooduaeid by Clm i rx Womb 


Wednesday Next 21 May at 8 pm 


Trench Eoemngf 



a oenuhtfot eomeurT 
Booking tnrougn Juno 1966. 

DEBUSSY Mode i r^aft-oadi iftaatone 
. DUKAS Socctrer'i Appraeice 
RAYBL ftmo Cbncena in G 
BCEET L* Adi dame Sake 


OFFENBACH Ormnce ’Orphan a the Uu d a o o i h f 

JX £4, £5, £6, £7 ShowQtrf Win £2150, £150 l £«0, £5» £6 



Over -3 5 Events in MAJOR CON- 

Saw of the float nrtiet flm (kb 
ctjootry nt ahroad- 

HALL 22/6 


SCHOOL 17/7 




KADDISH FOR •. “MEL am w* oihe» 

CaISSidv * J^Ai^aSmAUAN RE- 

CANTERBURY cital qeh in 


m assocauon with • CONTEMPORARY MUSIC 



JEWS feWuriw two Sttrvrvon who *ave 

Ifffli JIINF Ren performwees m the Chrap 



All tookuti from • NEW WORKS BY BRIAN EL- 



37 ffiffiUSS" • HUM °V* 


Tel: (0227) 455660 » LECTURES, SYNAGOGUE 

etc ' . 


15th JUNE TO 17th JULY 1986 

Send SAf Broehme. wBB Muwr Festive] 

BTou fftuh HDld House. 1/2 Endeiglij SC London wci 
. , . or Tel 01-446 1949 w 01-907 l«5 
{tndudw^. weekends and CvesJ 


in association with 

pit wunm e tnduda Salm-Sacin 3d Yichn Gwano. 
Hi nim "*r : — * “ ..u^-uiw 


7Vto» far bfldl awocTQ £3J0 k» £1160 faxa Tnkftiuewg Dl-379 6433 
Mun-Sa 9aa-9pm. Sim 12 a o uu - H pi a fee qedn aid boahnp- 

JOflANN STRAUSS Ov. Die FledermauA Aanhfi Rlllta. ‘AdeleY 


Wednesday 28 May at 7 JO pm 




® TUE!RMY3JUNE7^ff]na 

PURCELL Rmy Queen, Suia of Danes 
BACH Bu«kiihi»r Congnn fai in D 
Sh aou Smufair DaheDoUm haWuaoa 
City of London SWbnfa 


HUDAY 36 MAY 1A5 am 


All hookings Grom 

Choir of New College, Oxford 

£dmvd nnbbaaam,d«aar 

__ Mdaby 

WBBam Byid, Beenenl Row, Vnugun WROmnwlaaMhin Honey 

[•?) & -I* 

i W ; 1 1 r = M. 1 . C«Ki r.Yo ; I Ucv m 

“Unique among counter-tenors 0 (Drily Tefcgrapb) 
SCHUMANN Dichteriidje, Op.48 


MON. TUES. WED. 2, 3, 4 JUNE pm 


Dk Sdwor MnBmn Jine 2 
WnnermtcJCme I 
Sdrammcsing June 4 

ftnMffUnn Jahiunn DnUOneWgnfa 
T«*» Emm Boa Office W63-5752J4 



CT1 2DZ 

Tel: (0227) 455600 

imv, i a A m*] 

mi V j . j 


umebnl by 

nc-Cie ms «* • 

T O Z E T sm 2 «-|k 





Royal Festival Hall Queen Elizabeth Hall 


RAY CI 1ARLES in concert 

■totals (BSO):E4£fiEBE10E1250E1S 
W= BS 1750 ElOgp pis ran 
__ „ QatTBAmo,7^scm 



TtotaB: E3 £q E6 E6S7 
« » Q&t » Jung, 745pm 


Tfetats: £3£4 £S £8 £7 
f RFH; 21 Jims, 730pm 

Direct from USA --—An evening of nostalgia with 


All the original arrangements from the ’40s 

Tickets: £4 ESSO £7 Easoeiaso £1250 
RFH 23 June, 730pm 

wlJQ — Modem Jazz Quartet 

Tickaa: ESSO E5£7£9£HS6£14 

RFH:24 Jons, Taopm 

A rare London concert by 


Ttetatr. £350 CS £7E9 CTISOEM 

RFH: 28 June. 73Cpm 

The incomparable PEARL BAILEY 
bt concert with the 


; TickstK£4gssogea50£TOsoegso 

TldMls ftvsdabl* now from Royal Festival Box OfRcs 
01*928 3191 to rssanratickats 01428 8800 cradft card bookings 

BBankerelnist Company 



10 - 80 AUGUST 1986 

and tfiafs not oB ... fireworks, _jcna, JapansM poppet* Chinese Magical Great, foggier*, 
major cx h i biliuut and modi morel 
BooUm te aon NOW m write or come fa today cmd coIk* M JmaOb 
Dtpt 13, EdMngh kMenatirai Festival, 21 Mariot Sheet Edntugh HU 1EW imdmg 18p wvtt d 

v Edwsth and Edvards, Ptiaee Untie; SMtetfeay Aware, Larin W1. Td: 01-734 B7S7. 








sbdslsSloa duo. aw. sdudng: etoo 




The Gants Bosk Saps MUngtai BarateAHoas Gnats ( 3 gQtoiB 4 J)Qm 



IWHIUII- 722 9301 Eves 
Bran. S*t Mats aJOTH E CAM- 
W and wtTJl KTB 

On- "1H MUtor FT 
(No perf Wed 21 May. Extra 
Late MM* P w*. Th«» 22- 
I lptru (X1CNOCD TO MAY 

Box Office * ce O! -930 9B32 Ffrefl 
Cad 2* hr 7 day re book i ng* 
01 2 40 7200 



MUL — 



Em 7-30 Mai SM 2JO 

Ogena W ifanto r May M 


m a Shakespeare season of 


In Repertoire 

Ot MAJESTY*. Hsomarwi 
30 4026/6606 2046/2866. 
□C nctemuaier 379 6131 
firo CaU CC 240 7200. 


Open* 9 Oct 

■awnOH PALLADIUM 457 7373. 
137 2063. CC 734 09 61. 379 
,433/741 9999 First Can 24 Hr 
rSay CC 240 7200 Orp Sales 
930 6123 






LAVISH" The Times 



h June Wed Mai ZOO 
Sal nes 8.00 

L .__ Ot-741 

t 2 parts Tod AO A 


rruofo TU May 31 g« 

•cant EHnarrADWM 

BE Shanesnury 
3686/7 01-034 
1050. 01 734 

W PrM fw™ 

are's secauned 

ip Coasrdy 


feds (from June- 
Advance Bock 
Open Jus* * 
Saks Ol 9» 

. 24MH 7 PAY 
I or ZOO 7200 

62 CC 
. Mon 
« 746 
n prte* 

on W 






see SEPARATE DUS ES under 


MEW LOUDON Drnry Lane WC2 
406 0072 CC 379 6433 Eves 7 M 
Tue * S M 30 0 *7-4 6. 




Croup Bookings 01-405 1567 or 
01-930 6L23 Postal, application* 
now nemo a cc n sed until end of 

OLD VIC 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Gm Sales 930 6123. June 3 
to July 12 

OLD VK 928 7616 CC 261 1821 
Group Sales 930 6123. UW* 
May 31 Eves 7.30. Wed Mats 

2^. Sate 4.0 * 7^15. 


S' 928 2252 CC 
(Nattooal Theatre's open slagel 
Today 2-00 oow price maU * 
7 15. Mon 7.15. inen June 6 lo 
9 YOWAPAH by Peter Shaftor 


486 2431 CC 379 6433. 
CC Hotline 486 193 3. 


Previews from 30 May 1st 
pjjM 2nd June 

CC 437 8327 or 379 6435 
Crp Sales 930 6123 


Eva 7 30 Mats Thu * Sol 2JO 
Latecomers not Malted unin the 


PIIDOIIX 836 2294 ce 240 9661 

WW9/PO 7200 Eve* 8 Mai 
ThU 3 Sal S* 8JO 

c SSSotSSS^^ 

SkETtSb 9636 Credit Card 
Hotlines 379 6666. 741 9999 Crp 
Srtr B 106 3962/ 930 6^23 




EvdBO fUS Wed 3 * sal 3 
New Dortdno period now open lo 
end of Soptemner 

734 8961 First Ca8 24 Hr 7 Day* 
Sepowns 836 3W4 crp swe. 
990 6i33 

Mon-Sal 8. Mat Thur* * Sal 3.00 



■HNtCT OF WALES Ol 930 8681 
2CCHodh*r 930 <W*« /B/bCnt 
Mm 930 6123 KeWl WM* 
7419999 First Call 24 nr 7 d ay 



OUOT n~FTm* 

Eves 7 30. MM Thur * Sal 3 

Eves Spot. Wed * 

S MSUc t. 8BUJW» 

Dtfecpd ay W t r_ T ^*'«« 

ROYAL COURT S CC 730 1746 
Sru eatarr upstair* 7 so 

“Sf HffiLEY to> Andrm 

^TStsd. a. M» 

SAVOY Box Office 01-836 8888 
CC 01-579 6219. 836 0*79 Evrl 
7.46. Wed 3 BN 6 & 8-50 
TOWN.- S Tima 16,2, 86 






MUU II 1 8IMY 379 5399 or 379 
6433. CC 741 9999 Flrtl CaU 
24 hr 7 day CC 240 7200 Grp 
Sam 930 6123. Mon-Frl 8. 
Wed Mai 3. Sat 4 * A 


Prevs troeo- 28 May 

SRAREMWBY 379 6999 or 57R 
6433 7*1 9999. FH CaB 24 
Hr 7 4>PV CC 240 7200- Op 
_ Safes 930 6123. 


Mon-Frl 8 Sat &3Q & 830 

STRAND 836 2660 CC 836 6190 
Fmi Can 24Hr 7 Day cc 24D7200 
MutvFti 8. Wed nal 230. 

Ha Mb Set pa rt S A B . B Qpw 


A MEW 11'ltr il 

D TeL“B»tLLlANT" Mall OH S 


10789) 296623 or TIcbetiDASter 
01 5T9 6 433. RO YAL SHAKE- 
Sbafcaapoaee Theatre. B a ia aa 

end Met Today 13a 73a 
Mon. Tue 7 3a S wa n T h ia tr a 
Every Man. Today 1.30. 7.3a 
Mop. Tue 730. Far special 
meal /theatre deals and hotel 
flop over nnp 10789) 67262. 


“The very beat or Britain's comic 
latent” Daily MaO. 

See separate entries under: 

THCATK POVAL Strafford East 
Ol 634 0310- BAIIROOM by 
Robert Pupa "Very Foway— 
PMRp Madar la i IfatlWOWi 

Evening* 8.00 

VAIHICVLLE, WC2. Box Office 
and CC 01-836 9987/6646. FM 
Call (CC 24 nrsl 01-240 7200 1 Bkg 
feet. Eve* 730. Wed Mats 23a 
Sat* 5.0 ft 8.1S. 


VICTORIA PALACE 01-834 1317 




Box Office open Dalty 9am 9pm 
Sun Tel CC Bkgs only nam 7pm 

D*rma 9 Wl If 
WSDAJL 499 4100 

Street. SI Je wf l SWI Tel O l 
930 8586. THE ILLUSTRA- 
TORS -The Brtuvh Diuaration 
1800-19861 until 34tn May. 
. nmy me sai * Sup 

CfMMIMIlR 14 OM BOM 61. W1 
491 7408 EimBali P r aad w 
. Aad WrimlMn until 23 
May Mon-Frt 106. San 161 

1^ Tmgb if Mmvi 

UntH IS June Mon Sal IDS Sun 
2-5 ao» £1 AO Con 50p CKned 
Bank Hem 

L KU t S T KR FM ART. 3 CMHord 
Street. e» Floor. London wi 
01-037- 4654 

b Arctu fourth coming 
exhibition Royal Society of Por- 
trail Pamirrs May 29th umu 
June 8th Cnoufries Te le pho ne 
930 6844 

MEDKT CMLLKRY. 7 Oranon SI .. 
Wl 629 6675 Mixed eXMMhon 
by Fiona Om. Fit H i Kay, 
B r mda Date. Mary M* aria 
Zaa bm ». 16 May S June 
Mon -Fn 9-630 

Tb AJptoo Canary- 74 Snolh 
Audkey Street, wi 1 1-5. Mon- 
Sat ' 

St. Wl 62 »3S7S f MBIITfl- 
PHRR ilWQB FliM One- 
Man snow 20 May 20 Jitoe 
Mon-Fn lOSJOSaai 10-12-50 


Pbcamfly oi 734 9062 
Open natty 10-6 
me Sun (Reduced rate Sun. until 


£2 50. X3 70 rone rale Ce 1 
tog 01 741 9999 

T ERR Y THMmS: Elghl Pauu- 
tngs anew An Sena). Until 20 
July Aden free Wkdayv lo 
SJiO. Sun* 2 650. Recorded 

Info. 01-821 7128. 


BRfTHM LWRARY Great Rusted 
Street, wo Permmaiu db- 
play or famou* manusnpt*. 

Moo-Sat 10-9 Sunday* 230 6 

Adm Jree 

ASPRCY, 166, 169 Band Street 
wi. 01-493 6767 present tn 
connmctlon with cum 
colector* internauonal an exhi 
bitlon of che** seta, boards and 
ubteo Mon 12 May^at 24 May 

The National Muse ora of An * 
Dnfqn. S WeratngUm. Wkdy*. 
10 630 Sum. SJO 530. 

Ctowfl Friday* Recorded info 
on speoaf exMMtMR* AdWPtayf 
OL .681-4894 


AM classified jdv enge tnem* 
cao be accepted by icksboiie 
Incept Aonotmccmcntsi The 
deadline n 5.00pm 3 days prior 
to puMkxuan (ic 5.00pm Mon- 
day for Wediudayl Shook) 
job ui^ to icnd an adveruve- 
menl m tentmt please mrhidc 
your diytax phooe number. 
PMTlEMt If you have any 
auenes or problems rcUung to 
■our advcni i ctncm once it ha* 
ppcaraL p lea s e cornel our 
uuomer Services Department 
«y Ktephoac oo 01-481 4100: 


Hoty Sotru you who wnr an 
pmMem*. iipnt all roads to mai 
I can attain my anal You who 
gave me rr» an me otft to lor 
give and forpn afl nil apalasr 
me and who m oB Maatn of 
TO' I dr- are wioi me I wual In 
■he snort arayrr io I haul, you 
for all flKsp a* you confirm 
once again mat I never want to 
be separated from you eseo to 
spue of an material OKaaaos. 
wo* to he wilfi you in eternal 
gtoev Thank you for your mer 
cy toward* me and mine The 
above prayer must be said lor 3 
daw and wnn God's help poor 
favour wib be panM TUB 

pra* er niua be pubbshad S.K 
J7M - maba a £26 gth worth 
£35 71 if U coma by covenant 
enough to heal a 

tor a year Please help us honf 
leprosy mroughaui the world 
Thousand* of leprosy sufferers 
arc waning fur yo ur Me. 
Please write to LEPRA- DEPT 
7M. SM* 64P. 576. The 
Strand. London WC2 R OLR 

Would Like To Hear From Au 
(hen. H you have written a 
book that des er ves puoucau 
Wipe Id DepbTMll 4 THE 
Street. Lewes. Sussex BN7 2LU 
In Putney wishes to form a 
chamber music vouo lor expe- 
rience and entaymeni 
Engidrics: 01 789 9702 or 01 
788 3045 


BARRKMM St 01-628 8790. Slu- 
dent cancBi £2 afl perfv. Ttchets 
bookable. ABSOLUTE BECtM- 
NERS [16) 6.15 * 8.20 Today 
K ids Ct ub flnacanl Memo eraa ipl 
IPG) 11.00 A 250. 

I PLAZA 486 2443 (OOP 
Town tube! ABSO- 
> (15). Film at 
346. 6.10. 8L4G TR 
ngs accepted. 




361 3742 
Rated (Nearest tube 
Sq). RAM US). Finn at 
4 40. 7.56. Scots 

for eve pert Access 

499 5737 First C80 24Hr 7 Day 
cc 240 7200 <Bkg Fee) Maggie 
amth. Denhol m DBon. J udl 
Dench to A ROOM WITH A 
VKW (PG) rum al 1.30 INM 
Sop) 346.6 10 a 8 *0 sods 
bkble at £450 in advance for 
8.40 pert dalty A 6.10 or Sat 6 

CURZOM WEST END Shaftesbury 
Avenue Wl 459 4806. FM 
Can 24 Hr 7 Day cc 240 7200 
(Bks Fee) Kurosawa's RAM <15i 
Sep Pert* dott y a! 2 .15. 6 16 6 

GATE CMEMA. Nottmgbfll Gale 
727 4043. Dolby stereo ZMA 
f IS) 3.40. 6^6. T ia 9-00. Ad- 

.930 6262 IEooJ/930 7616 <24 
hour Access /Visa /AmEx Book- 
iPG? to Donty Stereo. Sec ore** 
Dally 1248. 326. 6.06. 8.46. 
Late Night Show Fri & Sat 
11 46am. AH orpgs bookable in 
advance. ' 

379 3014/ 
836- 0691 St Martin ■» L a ne . 
WG2 tLetteaer Sq tubeu Derek 
Jarman's prise winning CARA- 
VAOSID (IBL . Film at 1.00. 
2-66. 4.6G 6 66. 9-00. lie. Bar 


236 4225. BriURi premiere of a 
rum by Agnes Varda 
Jy r 30. SJX 7.0, 90 "SDOtM. 
Staupte. eloquent. A mm you 
won’t torgri-iGuardlanL 


27381 THE UBMTSMW <161 Sep 
prow Dopy 200. 6.50. B.SO. 
■“ able In advance 

and Visa telephone 

<930 61 1 1>. into 930 4260 / 

DAHCEROUS (15; Sep pram 
Doom open Dally 1 46. 4.*^. 
8.00. Late Nlgtu Show Fri A SM 
Doors open 1 1 16pm. All prom 
hootoWe to advance CraW 
card Hoi Line (Access/ visa/ 
AmEx! 839 1929. 24 hour ser- 
vice. £2.50 seats avaflabip 
Monday «B pert*. i 



•RLE (PG> Sep mug*. Doors 
open Dally 1 15. 3J6. 656. 
a. 16. Late Nlghi Show SaL 
Ooon open ti.OOom. Reduced 
prices lor Under 16^. StxMcw 
cant holders. UB40 holders. 


RENOIR 837 B402 opp. RusaeM 
8a Tube uonwdy Date 


1 Anne* Varda’s prttewtanfng 
Sandrlne Bonnaire I 

2 IO. 4-20- 630. 8.46. 

2. Ala n Bkv sdaie v comedy bll 
2-Oa 4.06. 6.15. 030. 

PERFS. ACCess/VtsSu 

Rranwn tunebeoa ptatmed 19 
July for Ex-staff and 0X5 dm 
If mi crested PKw Phone 022 

ORWEOAM CRH. 24 yrs. sm- 
dent, wans Bni penfnends. 
Like* Outdoor LKr. dom- travel, 
lit A UK. N Berarrud. Enrh 
Moymwm 24. N0994 08L06 
Won any one i pi cre s ted who 
was at the The Hoe. Lynton 
North Devon Reply to BOX 

tort.. Anne. Rachel, 
i ndrara and Fiona. Mans- many 
Uiank* M. 

KN RASPBOMBESto Scotland. 
Mid July Mid Aug. Send SAE 
to vwi. 9 Park End SL Oxford 
fr miU FI C STUOtO saare avail- 
able for pafnlrr to E8. 600 M ft 
£36 pw Tel: 01 740 3693 now 

■as. Home. pool. 100 yds 
court*. See Short Let*. 


SANTA Many Happy Returns, 
that* it then, all my love John. 


Top prices paid tor good quality 
oO patolings aod water colours 
by Jonh Ctover Coniaa Box 
NO ReptV lo BOX F88 

Debentures and 
boBots wanted tor private com 
panies. Top prices paid. Ol 228 

I WARDROBES 6 Mirror*. 

Desks. Buoktaae etc A Pi* 1 940 
furniture. Tel: 01-686 0148 or 
01 -228 2716 day or nfpil 

wanted. Centre*. NO Fs. Best 
prices paid. 01-839 5253. 

■SLEY CARTOONS, backdated 
ed Riant. CaB Charlie an Ol -22B 
2474. weekday event om 
NBT to toare CKy needs auto- 
matic car Only £1000 
available. See Motors wanted. 

W—imON TIC K ETS required 
Ol 928 1776. 




Weandere Oorinplast Tags, de- 
sign nanl only 0.95 pe sq yd 
+ VAT. Wxd na Batnr carpels 
4 ra wsM Hmsod bacted E 4 35 
jw sq yd + VAT WMe stocks 

14t Cndtrafe kUgg Bd. 

Tehfll-731 3368/9 

Free esttmates-Expen fitnng. 


Handnode made to maasut 

Prices from £70 




935 2772. HI MY BCAUYWUL 
IAUMPOCTTC (151 308. 6.00. 

7.06. 9 .10. ay kiss or : 
span wtMdAM U8I 3.90. 
6 10 A 8.40. Seats Bookable. 

Antony Sher SNADCV riSi 
7 00. &£6 seats Bootable 


WHI T EH ALL SWi 01 930 

7765/839 4466 CC 01 579 

6666/6033 741 9999 First Cap 
240 7200 <7 days 24 MS Inc. M ’ 
fee) Ops 01 836 3962 Mon-F 
8.00. Wed Mat 3.00. Sate 900 & 



By J.B. Priestley 
Directed by Ronald Eyre 

WORLD" S EXpram 

WaN O NAMf Y 836 3028 CC 379 
6665. 379 6433/741 9999 
. Crm 836 8M0 

The Australian EUMtal 

71 SKt T Sti33SS£JS of 


Direct tram a suite* 
Australian ware 

TODAY 330 6 830 
Ooens Mon at 7pm. Subs Eves 
8.0 Toes mate 3 Sals 6.30 A 


YOUNG VIC 926 6363 
6433 Eves 7.3P lexrepl Muni 
Mai Mon 2pnv A MAU III— >■ 
tasfca wIM aal a8 anl *Ma B 
CKy Limits. 

DRAMA STUOTO I Toda y 230 

ry»rTiit j« p KMM m 



of can Centre. EC2 01 -638 
4141 Until -W July CSC*. 

BEATON, nrw rrudor reuaoec 
qrawiags. (MursK. nefflOia 
MBa. Adm d & £1 Tues-Sat 
lOam-*.46pfr*. Sun. 4 B note 
1 2-6 45pm. cr • 
except ^ Hots 

tot THE 

NO 003967 OF 1986 


By Order of the Htoh Court dated 
401 December 1986 Mr WILLIAM 
F.C.A. of Chater Spain and 
Knight. Chartered Accountants of. 
82/63 OM Steine. Brighton. Cast 
Sussex. BNI l PH has been ap- 
pointed l In frier or of the above 
named Company without a Cora 
minae of mspecuoa. 

Paled the 2nd day of May 1986 
to the matter of Capri Dairy lea 
Cream Co Limited and to the mat- 
ter at (he Cora pan tot Ad 1985. 
NOTICE IS hereby given that an 
order of the High Court of Justice 
dated is July 1986. Mr Nicholas 
Roger W u mnc M Codeton. Char 
treed Accountant of Cork (Mb'. 
Oriel House. 65 Sheep Samel. 
Northampton, has oeen a p pointed 
nqmdator of the abovteoamed 

Dated ads 20th day of February 

N.RJL Oaddoi 


NOTICE is hereby given pursuant 
to SZ7 of me TRUSTEE Act. 1925 
that may person having a CLAIM 
apatost or an INTEREST to the 
ESTATE of any of the di t emwrt 
person’s whose names. Jfo sw i 
and descriptions are sH oul below 
is hereby requ ir ed to send panic - 
Ilian m smiHig of ho claim or 
mterete to the pei a uu or p ersons 

mentioned In rctaaon IO the de- 
ceased Person con c erned before 
me date mrdfted: after which 

date me estate of the decerned 
will m distributed by the personal 
represemaUves aisona me Per 
sens entitled [hereto having 
i c gte d only to me cukna and in- 
inriU.of wtuvn they have bad 

OUST1NE of 20 ashgrove Road. 
Branh* Kent died on Id Augns) 
1986 nartfeufarp Ip REYNOLDS 
ion*) of CMcxiester Houm- 
278 282 HlRl HoSwriV. London 
WC1V 7HA fREF CJRJ before 

18lh July 1986 



Is it a toke or have 
you any experience 
either as a parent or 
a child, a TV Re- 
searcher would ttke 
to hear from you. 



Tbgetherwe canbeat it. 

\Afc- fund oier one third of 
all test-arch mto the prrvtji 
lion and cure of cancer m 
the UK 

Help ns by sendinga donj 
non or nuke a legacy to 

Ca ncer 

21 jrlinn HiviiieTi'rrat” 

{Di pl TT17.5 ll ondunSWIV 5AR I 

KBtCSBX PtEfOtE Baum me 
Mrev bed 4 imito tTOO 
Eilwonuan nuMunv Boottae 

wnn double leadlight gttrrd 
door*. £950 Betti in f n rtle iii 
rondulon. owner rr lor juno 
Tri Ol 286 0487 before S p.m 

MAY MU viret* today at Top* 
Don! mm our re pent able bar 

pun on Vutom. T *"* rtc 91 
Lower Stoane SI swt Ol 730 

JOHH STKU8ECX. Karen BUxeei 
uulhar <N -Oof of Mnrf'L The 
Bronte* The Noasense Books at 

Edward Lear aod A Co m aselr 
BbkriMm of OA HnHYi 
Works Miis motnandvot book* 
ter sate and wanted, are all a 
the June ntur of Book and Mao- 
aanr CMieciar. price £1.20. on 
sale fn your local newsagent on 
Frida* . lean May D yon rer 
unable lb obtain a com from 
your newiagrnl. tore Write to 
Book and Magazine Collector. 
43-45. Si Mary's Road. Eanag- 
Lonqon WS SPQ 

carving 6 French pousntng 
demanstraaont by two of our 
own tram men at our spring ex- 
tubman of 1 7m A 18th Ceiuirv 
rrpuca lormiore on Bank Hok 
day Monday. 26m Mas at our 
Topiliam Showrooms. 

21 47 74 Fore Street. 
Toasnam. Nr Exeter (OS92B7I 

SPECIAL SALE- Roventbal Ctona 
Drsmn TdPto Wlrkkala traset 
tor a White £79 or B w cotVi- 
tuned £1 19 Llnalrd otter AU 
major cr and u-l orders wet 
ram Roventtul Studio Hsr 
Ud. 102 Bronipion Road. 
KMqhtsbrid«e SW3 01-584 

f HI I ouabty wool carpet* At 
trade price* and under, also 
available locr* run Large 
ro om sire remnants under naK 
normal price Onancery Carpets 
Ol 405 0453 

THE TIM E S 178 8 188 8 . Other 
lllte* avail Hand bound ready 
for presemauon aha 

"Sundays- £12 50 Remember 
When 01-688 6323 

Start igbl Exp. Chess. La* MIS 
AU theatre and wort* 

Tel 821-6616 826449S 
AXx Vtsa Diner*. 

BASY-CRAMZL Roper*. 193d. HI , 
tie used. Much admired touch 
and tope, exceptional condition. 
£1960. 07S 55 2491. after 6. 

MRTMDAY DUE T Give someone 
an anginal Tunes Newspaper 
dated the very day they were 
bom. £1230. 0492-31303. 

bte sen* etc 

deliveries. Tel: 103801 860039 
I Wilt*) 

SCAlfBUUl Any event use Lev 
Mrs. Coven! Cdn. Slrevgm Exp. 
Wimbledon. Giynttebotame OI 
828 1678. Major credit cards. 

worth £500 apalnsi Fred Ohen 
or CTC Craw* £250 0840 
212689 (after 7.00 p.m I. 

Gallery Tier Trt. 01 602 5162 
tall er 7. 00 pmi 

etc Can you buy cheeper? B 4 
S Ud Ol 229 1947.8468 

Bought and *oM Tel 01 881 
3347 or 01-791 2286 
WTMTII rnoif and all Pop Events. 
Ticket* bougni and sold 
01-9300277 or 01-9300598. 



Figurines, anunab. etc . want- 
ed. 01 883 0024 


FOB SALK Vintage BA Swal- 
low Beautifully restored lo 
concourse condition A folding 
low wing monoplane with tan- 
dem Open cockpit* fl b the oaiy 
CXmis Minor powered SwaDow 
flying. Phone 0705 463689 


WREN Bt London mu a tv or 

video by day. wk or month. 
TOPS TV 01-720 4469 

*, Love or Marriage. 
All age*, area*. DalrUne. Dept 
<016* 23 Abingdon Road. Loo 
don we Tel: Ol 929 lOll 

VO-KLASSAK wM stag at your 
wedding. Service, reception, 
parts' Popular classic*, film 
theme*, standard*, stngatong*. 
Ol 609 1073/837 8737 

BW 1. 8 BOYLE with highly 
recommended Chauffeur for 
Private tore- au gccWm. Aim 
freelance Chaut fearing. London 
. Berkshire. Trt 0628-34966. 

COMPANY GOLF Days organised 
for staff or customer* Any to- 
canon. Trt 0734 872722 
ERSMN - (MENTAL and an 
ntga repaired, work guaran- 
teed- Tel anytime Oi 349 997B. 
youn know ms? Let Bn Bin's 
teadtog experts trace YOUR 
ANCESTRY Write to 
Nortbgate. Canterbury. Kent. 
CT1 1BAT Trt 0227 462618. 

ELECT niDMfS Exclusive In- 
troductions tor the unattached. 
38 Mad d o x Street. London WI 
Telephone 4939937 
oiler* on expert, persona) ser- 
vice tailored io sub your own 
parUodar Interests. rrnrnetUaie 
attention lo ao enquiri e s. Write 

for free broch u re to. Windsor 

Ancestry Research rTT'121- 
MouMbauen Hse. Victoria SL 
Windsor. Berkshire. SL4 1HE 
Tel 0753 8S7181 
burn 34 June. See BaBestera*. 
Lyle and Longer Entertain in 
Ryle. Tel: 0205 870 688. 



1933. eno n v. with uool. exert 
tern conmnon. £4.500 or best 
offer Trt SB6 49B1 

London's M-adiaq speriabsl in 
new and miorrd piano* for me 
largral genuine MSerhon avad 
able 3oa Hjghoair Rd. NWS 
01-267 76? 1 Free raiatopne 
and rrrondiuoned Oualitv al 
naM tew prtrr* 396 Brtonioo 
Rd S Croydon 01688 3513 


Sanddand* breed KC *eg ready- 
new 060 128 671 or 928 4069 


WIMRf roo t TURNS *BS- 4 oed 

town hie. swimming pool. lOO 
yd* from court* Avail 2-4 
wl* Tri Ol -499 5951 (day! or 
Ol 94? 9240 cevev Wrndn 
6 mnlhs £260 pm. 3 mnlhs con- 
sidered SUM writer Tri. 0843 


central London from £326 pw 
Ring Town Hie Apis 373 3433 
NEW FOREST Lux B bed art. pvt 
pal to Avail June Id £25000 
pw 10*25143761.01 370 7055 


PUTNEY Lodger own room In 
f amity house, some baby sitting. 
£3000 pw to Tel Ol 788 


oera 26+ K t lor lux toe near 
coramon O r £175 px-m 
nrhfi Tri. 01 673 4149 
FLATMATES Seierilte Sharing. 
Well estab introductory service. 
PbC let for aspL 01-589 5491. 
313 Brampton Road. SW3 

Pfo) r - Lge 

bed Wiling m family toe. 30 
secs Baron* Cri lube. Gdn. bbo> 
£60 P w met TefiOI 741 0537 
CtAPHAM PARK. 2 prof im. h. 
lo diare house £30 pw rxc 
Tei 01-671 0665 
ISLINGTON N3. Own room in tux 
garden flat £50 pw rxc I Ctone 
lo lube Tel- 0438 813025 
MON-FIB ONLY Ealing W5 Suit 
mid-week London commuter 
N S only Ring 01 -623 1645. 
Vrol Char House. C C.H. Gdn. 
£150 PCM EXT 01 390-5636 
SW1X toe O/R in comfortable 
fam toe with garden. All mod 
ton*. £45 pw Ind 22R 2829. 
SW17 Near lube 3 4Prafttire3 
b hoc serviced flat. £120 p.w 
uic TeL-672 3000 d 778 8258 e 
Mf DULWICH Lor sing rm Outei 
Prof N s. Suit art Id. £45 p.w. 
inf * breakfast. Tel.761 7845 


'FOR MM' - A new general inter 
rd magazine for men Includes 
68po new fashion. Brooming A 
style rear Summer 86 Send Mb 
lo cover p&p lo MAE 5. SL 
John SI. London EC1M 4AA. 




Neglected garden* restored to 
Uietr original beamy or rede 
ugiM. Special feature* 
introduced Complete tree 
service 23 years e x perience. 

(070S) 739162 

Esbb&M 1795 . 
kMpUfM and EuaxsskJ gardens 
OKjgnsa ato Mil n loaoan ad 
frojoiand UK. Please cn end 
Atasoe Mato. Sew Des^per 


TaL (826) 228? 

ft . 

LMtet BaftW M. Bomfcrt. 

Al typos el feaong suppied ft 


A» tta amulm wnrti earned out 

BOWOlffi 754573 
BfGBBBMftME 49642 


You could send 
your child 
to public school 
for onlv 

30% of the fees. 

Send to: The Equable Life, 
FREEPOST. 4 Cblatan Si„ London 
EOB yiT&phoM 01-506 «IL 

fd welcome further detiikon vour 
school tee pint*, teuncmg them 
hr: Q A optulueiLu Spreading 
die cun oven period. 





The EquitaHe Life i 

I TbipeibfoafewrrrdHngn. I 


Old age is inevitable. Bar a poor aad lonely one Is 
something difSenoi -something that many people 
bee with growing fear. In a largely uncaring. 
Inflationary wot Id we are trying ro stem the tide. 
Bnt mg desperately need more funds. Will you be a 
friend and help us by making a covenant or by 
remembering ns In your will 7 

Friends of the Elderly have been looking after 
the elderly and needy since 1905. and now have 
eleven residential homes. Beie. men and women 
from professional backgrounds And security 
and freedom, with expert nursing care. They are 
‘at home* and not "tn a home' - cbey never have 
to leave. We also give financial befp to old people 
from all backgrounds who wish to stay tn their 

Please belp us to make old age the 
happy and contented time It should be 
Yon really can be a friend. 

Do write to us. 

‘ The General Secretary. 

Friends of the Elderly IDept B ). 

42 Ebury Street 


Telephone; 01-7308263 OF THE ELDERLY 

RegistKH! Chanty nmnba 220064 andGcaiidbfk'gBdp 

1 f 

Sumtd (fan paatb tsth to 

Jatpa from £18 tq feet- Aha 
lap mat b eletn e du oed fan 

0427 84533 


WOX EXCHANGE *uptT 9 bra 
noinr Kama, Du (or similar 
rrntral London. Further delate, 
mm Ford OI 874 0610or vvnic 
JF Dean 520 Cart 59. Kama. 
Cdy MO. 64110 USA 


CANADA Compute travel and 
new nwmmm working as » 
nanny honiinmr wilh a Ca- 
nadian family iwntagi- 

Minn Lid . 1251 1 -49th Air. 
Edmonton. Alberto. Canada 


87 Rearm Street .London Wl 
Trt 439 6554 UK Overseas 
AM m-hefb* dome temp perm 


YMG mniHtlf retry cook tram 
cd trad K.ei K toe L Hefner' Vi- 
enna wants work In Ldn. » Hof- 
mann A-1020 Wien. Boerklm 
bl 25 Tel 01043. 222.267349 




soogru lo return for domestic 
Item, lutonng <F.N SV Trt- Ol 
720 5768 


Busmen Unk Up Brochure 33 
SI George Street. London Wl 
9FA 01-499 4714 

addreM. trt an*, tlx. see * luxu- 
ry serv ice offices. C * S Grotto 
Ot 580 8371 



The partners of Lee and Thomp- 
son of Green Garden How SI 
Chnstophrr * Place. London Wl 
are pleased to announce that Rob- 
ert Horsfall joined Ihr 

Partnership on 1st May 1986 



Composing f mnnfoif toungt. 
Ml) a caffletaT csirnj (X It 
hoty. and unque ovefltan^ng 
galery. SUfing doors 10 pate 
garden 3 beds, fnasiet Mtti bal- 
cony ottering wen over London 
skyline). 2 hate + sftawfs |1 
with tngh pressire shower 
pump), phis t iftmnstan cloaks 
HaL (Tnfnq room, modem 
brcflen/breanasL AS amendies 
Gangs. Seamy system. Many 
extras. Seriuded. Ideal lot enter 
tammg. Musi be seen to be 

&1 883 9931 aoytae 


fust floor 2 bediuurn flat. New- 
ly decorated Lounge, kite hen 
and bathroom. GCH. C90.0CP 
ono. Tel: 568 3200 

eve* Wend*. 


FWJUM SW6 spacious garden 
Hal with original feature*. 2 
bedim*. 2 recep* Long lease. 
£69.980 TcLOl 381 4715 



niihjmiii l u i rt rt 1*1 8 

2nd floor mmonoiM wnn 
ptaasam «b« Fitiao eat- 

K it* mrouanouL Lmng on. 

ne nn.'Dmrr. ? bni*. 
EUihrm «<v cloakroom, 
uulity rm Ctote Iramoorl 
Full Ci> CH 

HOLLAND PARK Wit in attrar 
nvr (uiry-ui. full) turnnom 
nrwiy buin man. gr m. will) 
bair. kit. diner. 2 3 
bra* among room. 2 oaui*. Co 
Lrl | 9 yr* pref. £355 pw Tri 

01 -409 2299 dai Ol 603 546X 

KEHSBfGTON ComfOrUUkr 2 bed 
flat m brauuiui virer-l Lorvra wnn 
whitr efterry dImimi Carrtui 
ly modrtnnrtl & lurmvited bv 
American owwr Sfurjouv m 
tno room, kitchen. oaUiroom A 
pkiio AM amrianrev i ycjr 
mm £300 pw 01-602 5946 

CHIUCII KntgntWrufgp Briara 
via. PmillKo. WnsunlnMCT 
Luvurv hoifin and flalv avail 
abir lor long or short tel* 
Pirate ring lor rurrcnl lisl. 
Comes. 66 BiKkingnam palace 
rd bW 1 Ol 828 8251 

Luxury 1 umnltrd 
apartmrnt*. lully serviced, 
rnolrc of Maylair or adMcenl lo 
Krnnmgion Palare Trom £300 
£560 pw 3 month* 2 yean. 
Mounlnitran Managpmrtit Ud. 
Ol 491 2656 >Tvtek 5991851 

IIAMPklLAD. buprr lux etegant 
flat 2 brd* wood pjnrtted IH 
nous lounge, new l l kilrtim 
Cuv io iranvori £170 pw 
Trt 01-431 1263. 

avail. « read for diptcmat*. 
exorumr*. Long A short lei* in 
aU area* Lirtnend a Co 48. 

Albemarle SI Wl 01 499 5334 

CHARLOTTE ST Wl. Neal 1 bed. 
study, recep din. full equip. 
Cl 30 pw Trt 01 631 0188 

FULHAM Luxury house £300 00 
per week. Long ML no agents. 
Trt. 01 381 0417 

MAIM VALE Lux re-der. F F 2 
bed rial, all appManrr*. to lei. 
£185.00 p W 01 723 0551 

W3 3 bed fum hse. CH. nr lube, 
auirt oreeL Co Lei. £130 pw 
Teh Ol 907 1361 

i rally converted aualily 
apartment Lae recep i ml 2 
bed*. 2 bath*. Wl Unfurnished 
wnn excrtlenl carpet*, ruriains 
and lining*. £265pw |na of CH 
A CHW co let only Trt Oi 588 
1049 >dayi. 

lux flat* /house*: £200 £1000 
p.w usual fee* tea pmiUps 
K ay A Lewi*. South of the Park. 
Chef wa office. Ol -352 81 1 1 or 
North of I he Park Reoenl's 
Park office. Ol 722 5135 

nave the best telecuon of luxu- 
ry furnished flat* tn 
Kenungfon. Chrtsea. 

Knighhibrtdge. Mayfair. St 
John* Wood and Hampstead. 
From £200 pw 01 244 7555. 

COMPANY LET W8 lux 2 bed 
flat, roof garden £250 pw El 
lux 2 bed flat, entry phone, ga- 
rage. £200 pw Luxurious 
properties an area*. Trt LAMA 
Ol 607 9381 

i-j iii s c t ini . Her diurm i 

Dnle | &gte Bnrm* K A u CH 
Cto*r t idle Re* ptg Cl 30 'Xl 
pw Tri Ol 748 5084 

I ullv Him SfudK> lJl> hen. iim 
mg inrun *jK«'»rr CH 
h inaih. TV ClOO pw Uirl 
T.-l Ol e22 5266 

CLAPHAM. Crnd nr SC linn rial 
i*l llii a rm. bedroom kn. rcu- 
*•1 tmoiy *hower C.H 
•» Ha'll tv ClOO n» inn 
Tel Ol (#22 5206 

E- FINCHLEY. Sin 5 min -sunn* 
grd llr new driur turn run 
Lux nlorl 2 bed* lill.'d kil. "J 1 
chine* Co let or -jmilar £150 
pw Tri Ol 485 8665 

your need* to lamUord*. •> 
draw* oiec 2000 renuil* each 
wrrk. 5 outre* «tom London 
627 2610 onm 7 d ay* 

CALL NOW! 1 t»d * r Hal. Phone, 
handy lube recpl. *ul 2. £~C 
pw Oiher* 627 26IC 

DOCKLANDS House* and fun 
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Thompson aims for new record ™ e ,p<»nt 

* . _ •••: rmn itttih— nm Hallfov 

From Pat Butcher. Athletics Correspondent, Aries 

Two days of concerted ef- 
fort bv Dalev Thompson in record Uus wMkena 

Aries this weekend can dear where the 

up another two months of people. -»*t omDSOn 

administrative confusion over 
decaihalon sconng. Advices ^needed a f 

in the separate events of the 
decaihalon have led to the 
scoring tables having to be 
revamped every 20 years or so 
since the introduction of the 
event in the 1912 Olympic 

The latest resconng was put 
into effect last year, to accom- 
modate improvements m tne 
1 500 metres and the pole 
vault. On th 2 i basis, 
Thompson’s 1984 Olympic 

tVIILCUVVl u “ . 

he would like to set a pereomd 
best (automatically a world 

record!, and since thenhas 
retreated entirely behind 
purswl lips. . . 

In the past this has meant 
one thing; that he isready to 
lalie the world record, it not 
the world itself apart. The 
former is a prospect which has 
been exciting the athletics 
enthusiasts of .Aries, who can- 
not believe their fortune in 

ssrsriw* k 

Juraen Hingsen’s world record 
of 8.798 points has been 

I.J t.- C 411 nranlc 

decaihalon since Los Angeles. 
It is almost as if Godot bad 

Ol 5 . yyo puiuis »■*» n n auuuai m n 

amended to only S.S32 points. arrived. but. unlike the cele- 

However. the International brated indecisive tramps, the 

However, me mmiwuuiw praieu munni'c um 

Amateur Athletics Federation local officials know exactly 

(IAAF) felt probably rightly, how to welcome Thompson. 

that it could not ’take an Apart from the perfect weath- 
athlete's world record away by CT those events which can be 

aUlieie S wo™ rcwiu *»»*«»* *>• CT. UluSc e>cnu »uivu urn uc 

an administrative amend- affected by the wind, notably 
meat So Hingsen is sail the sprinL hurdles, long jump 
considered to be the record and javelin, will all be mount- 

II is. us- -- - uiv. c) ^ r 

considered to be the reconi and javelin, will all be mount- 
holder. while Thompson's j n favourable conditions, 
new score is referred tO. hnc onne nut tr» 

new score is referred to. 
somewhat derogatorily. in the 
1 985 handbook as a “notewor- 

The call has gone out to 
French television, who origi- 

ns 5 handbook as a “not^or- n ^jj v were nol going to cover 
thy performance . To Imtner lhe ' meel i n& The rest is up to 
confuse the issue an eagle- Thompson . It looks as if his 
eyed official. British m u mol jvation will have to be 

happens, looking through 
Oivmpic photo-finish prints, 
noticed that Thompson's 1 10 
metres hurdles had been un- 
derscored by one point, which 

motivation will have to be 
largely self-induced, since 
Dave' Steen, the Canadian 
who once had the temerity to 
beat Thompson at an indoor 

and BL-ho finished 

WUUIM »■***■*- — — — 

in Hingsen's world record. 
Thus, in the re-evaluation, the 
extra point, giving S.S47. 
could be considered a world 

The IAAF are due to con- 
sider this tortuous question at 
their congress in Athens in 
mid-July. But. in short. 
Thompson would do not only 
himself but everyone else a 

second behind him at the last 
Commonwealth Games, has a 
virus and cannot compete. 

The target for the other 
Englishmen, particularly Eu- 
gene Gilkes and Greg Rich- 
ards. is not only the 
Commonwealth Games, for 
which this is a trial, but it is 
also the 8.000 points barrier, 
the passport to world class. 


must still 


B>y Keith Madclin 

If Warrington, led by the 
pugnacious forwards, Les Boyd 
and Kevin Tamati, with Andy 
Gregory in brilliant form' at 

scrum half {day as weU as they 
didst Wigan, H alifa x have a big 

i _ __ ___ _____________ 

Aiming high: Thompson eyes a new world decathlon record 


Oxford aiming to add 
to Derby delight 

world record 

Thompson's Thompson’s 
best decathlon best per event 

By Jim Railton 

10.70sec (929) 10.44sec (9S9) 

7.76m (1000) 8.01m (1063) 

16.42m (S77) 
107m (S6S) 
48.05SC (907) 

15.72m (S34) 
103m (831) 
46.97sc (960) 

1 6.10ra 

14.07sec (965) 
49.36m (857) 
4.90m (880) 
59.86m (736) 

14.33sec (932) 
46.56m (799) 
5.00m (910) 
65.24m (817) 





res 4m in 19.75 (S13)4min 35,00 (712) 4min 20.30 

■pints total 8.832 8,847 9,267 

i The above points totals were calculated under the new sconng system. 

The 112th University athlet- 
ics match, sponsored by the 
Midland Bank, lakes place at 
Oxford University's IfTley Road 
track today (1.30).Oxford's men 
seek their fourth successive 
victory and Cambridge’s 
women their ninth. 

Two weeks ago Oxford won 
three British University lilies in 
Derby . The junior international 
long jumper, Dwayne Heard, 
leapt 7.40 metres and today he 
will be looking for a repeat 
victory. Jon Brooke provided 
Oxford's other individual title, 
the 3.000 metres steeplechase, 
but today he will concentrate on 
the 5.000 metres. Oxford's other 
victory in Derby came in the 4 x 
100 metres relay. 

Cambridge include their 
president, Jerry Barton, a three- 
time winner of the University' 
cross-country. He is expected 
not only to defend his 1,500 
metres title but also to challenge 
Brooke in the 5.000 metres. 

A firm Cambridge favourite is 
Paul Rowbotham in the 800 
metres in which he was nar- 
rowly beaten in the University 
championships by the ; 
Commonwealth Games bronze ; 
medal winner, Chris George. 


Of the 111 men’s matches, 
Oxford have won 55, Cam- 
bridge 49; Cam bri ctee’s women 
have won 10 of their II 

Runcorn m 
reach of 
FA Trophy 

By Paul Newman 
in Williams, the ma 




John w illiam *, the manag w 
of Runcorn, today stands . 90 
minutes away from one of the 
only senior honours in non- 
Leagne football that he has 
faitai to bring to the Cheshire 
dub. RtniCOrn face Altrincham 
at Wembley in the final of the 
FA Trophy, a competition in 
which they have often per- 
formed wen without ever pre- 
viously going beyond the semi- 
final stage. 

Williams, in his sixth season 
as manager, has taken Runcorn 
to the Northern Premier League 
and Alliance Premier League 
championships and numerous 
cup successes, despite having 
had to work with a compar- 
atively small budget With the 
big Merseyside duns only a few 
miles away, Runcorn have 
□ever enjoyed the support their 
success has merited. 

Altrincham, whose FA Cup 
exploits of recent years have 
helped finance a strong playing 
staff finished fourth in the Gola 
League this season, two places 
above Runcorn, but failed to 
win any of the four games 
between the two dubs over the 
last 12 months. 

However, their record in 
knock-out competitions in- re- 
cent years is remarkable. As well 
as regularly beating League 
teams in the FA Cup — their 

victory at Birmingham City four 
months ago was rhe first by a 
non-League dub over first di- 
vision opposition for 1 1 years — 
they won the FA Trophy in 1978 
and lost in the final to Enfield 
four years ago. Four of the 1982 
team are still at the dub: John 
King, now the manager, Stan 
Allan, now coach, and two 
current players, Jeff Johnson 
and John Davison. 

Thursday’s results 


♦ Brian Rix: farceur to fund raiser 

♦ Screen goes to Cannes 

♦ Thatcherism under siege 

♦ Books: Olivier on acting 


hurdo coucsa good 

6.15 COHORT NOVKE HURDL£ (£1,170: '2m. 

120yd) (25tunnere)- • 


I «« 

158 MirtUMW* 

Halifax believe that tomor- 
row afternoon they wifi con- 
vince the doubters who have 

questioned .their right to be 

champions. They meetthe nig- 
ged ■ and uncompromising 
Warrington side in. the Slalom 
Lager p remi e rshi p final at 
EUand Road and know that 
victory wifi ai last underline the 

validity of their claim to be die 
top league team of 1985-86. 
Supporters of other dubs 

have attributed the Halifax suc- 
cess to the late fixture conges- 
tion which crippled their 
■challengers. Halifax have so far 
.refined this allegation in the best 
possible way by bearing. Hull 
and Leeds in the first two 
rounds of the pre miership. 
Heir opponents tomorr o w. 
Warrington, won a fast-minute 
victory over Widnes and then 
upset the expensive and wdl- 
fancred Wigan side in the semi-: 


2 0310 

3 0401 
„• 5 1200 

8 QBM 

10 0 
11 0 

IS 0-00 
17 0 

19 M0 

20 . 

. 25 • 

2G * 
















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MoOyCarwi.iZ -1 o£5ST- 

Newcastle selections 


6.15 Hofliu Bant 6.45 Mr Spot. 7.15 Mrs Muck. 

7.45 Durham Edition. 8.15 Brother Gcof&cy. 

8.45 Price Of Peace. 

• 9-iMs Muck. S-1 ^ . T LL 

7.45 l^GWN HANDICAP CHASE (£2^)44: 3m) (9) 

• iS 

15 om SSHirraiiBrptoibJ 

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4-t Hazy filan. 5-1 (Man EMo n. 6-1 fbcMm. 
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7 334U FINE STffl-BMctaOn 8-11-7— 

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9 FD40 MA HACAS8A T N Wtaggoe 7-11-7. 

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16 P303 GAMEWOOD Mm CCtafc Ml- 

problem on their hands. They 
themselves just managed 10 
reach the final with a hot 
desperate assault on the feeds 
line and a late try from their 
Australian centre,. Tony 

Halifax wifi rely on tbeir 
splendid teamwork, prompted 
by the experienced scrum half 
Gary Stephens, and by the 
Australian player-coach, Chris 
Anderson, who has just won the 
tide of Coach of the Year in the 
league’s premier awards cere- 
mony. The battle between Ste- 
phens and Gregory will be 
crucial, and Halifax need to 
move the bail out to their speedy 
backs and bard-running for- 
wards if they are to avoid a 
bead-on clash with 
Warrington's powerful pack. 

After a moderate season, 
Warrington have produced a 
powerful late surge, and their 
tackling can destroy Halifax just 
as h overpowered Wigan. How- 
ever, as much through smti^ 
meni as conviction. I take 
Halifax to prove conclusively 
their quality by winning the 
trophy with open rugby. . 


a 054 cm— I Mac ruitwtawta M 

9:2300 CAPTAW CURIAM H F Ftfy 5-10-12- * - _ 

12 HIM SECRET UUCE J I — R8ta »g 

14 0030 TlUCSlVThOt8BSCn6-t(W _~-. tarMThowp*** W 

15 PP0P r-« tr^eamt t u g-HLA 

2 2S 

2-1 Pita* "of psaoc. a-1 Wna SQBitf. 5-1 IWtaW 

? *-* • • .* 

mm MVTHMfi: Dartngton 1 , Bristol C#y 

wawn 4: Eton Manor a Hafstud 3. 
Ntatataw NurOnwxxl 0, Ttatctan Town 5. 


Drew uses his 
loaf to fire 
into the lead 

Paul Drew, a baker and 
confectioner from High Wyc- 
ombe, was leading in both 
individual and aggregate events 
after lhe second day of the West 
Indies international rifle meet- 
ing in Barbados, with two long- 
range events still to come (a 
Special Correspondent writes). 

. He dropped only nine points 

out of a possible 280 , one point 
ahead of Bob Allan, of Edin- 

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burgh, with the Canadian. Jim 
Bufiock. lying third. 


96 pages plus the largest colour magazine 

Bufiock. lying third. 

Mike Abbott, aged 22, a 
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RESULTS: 10 strata at 900 juris: I. J 


3. P Draw SO: 4. J Kata feeC 50. 
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Curragh compensation 
waiting for Himtingdale 

From Anr I^_L n_ . _ - 

X J w J 

V* - 

“-V ■ .s .v. 

The smallest field in 4* 
yam to contest an Irish 2,000 

?!" 1“™ <W at the 
£“*■% ^is afternoon for the 
firat o f this season’s Irish 
races. One has to go 
back to a wartime version to 
find another six-horse field. 
However, the paucity of run- 
ners is more than mswft* U p 
by the high quality of those 
pania paling. 

Three of the six runners hail 
from England and all of them 
played prominent roles in the 
General Accident 2,000 Guin- 
eas at Newmarket Indeed, the 

■u 10 ■ °£ , Green Desert, 
Hunungdale and Sharrood. 
finished second, third and 
fourth respectively behind 
Dancing Brave. So in many 
way 5 ftus is a re-run of the 
Newmarket race without the 
presence of the winner, now 
re-routed to the Epsom Derby. 

Prior to finishing a three- 
length runner-up to Dancing 
Brave, Green Desert had 
made a fine start to his three- 

tS t S2. C S np ? gn ** wwrafog 

uw Free Handicap under 9st 
must be 

some doubt about his ability 
jostay a mile in the very 
jesting conditions that will 
P rev a*I at the Curragh toda y, 

« who walI “d the track 
i y ^ ! r ay raon iing reported 
“Si 1 was and this 

wu« place extra demands on 

«2L ra r nnS With in 
of stamina. It is worth 

remembering that the 2.000 
Guineas at Newmarket was 
ran at an especially slow p ace 
cany on, in consequence de- 
veloping mto a high class 
sprmt rather than a ria^jr 
mile event. 

This is the factor that 
persuades me to go against the 
Newmarket result in suggest- 
ing that Huntingdale ran turn 
the tables. Looking back on 
his major success last season, 
it was noteworthy that he did 
all his best work in the last 
furlong of the seven-furlong 





Going: soft 

^K5 C (?^ ) IR1SH w GUINE * S «*«<■ * »** 

\ SaS 

! 3® MSSSpawe^Ssa 

s aim* 

151^ Jotm? 0esat 3-1 Hunttn 9 rfate . W Sharrood. Ftaravand. 8-1 Hash Of Steal. 


Furthermore, he had not 
had a preparatory race this 
season before turning out in 
the 2.000 Guineas. If the 
record books prove anything, 
it is the necessity of a tuning- 
up race and all winners of the 
race in the past 13 runnings 
had previously raced as three- 

Sheikh Mohammed, whose 
brother Maktoum-Al- 
Maktoum is the owner of 
Green Desert, is double-hand- 
ed with Sharrood and the only 
unbeaten colt on display, the 
Irish-trained Fioravami. 

Sharrood. like Huntingdale. 
was doing good work at the 
finish at Newmarket and will 
relish the Curragh mfle but he 
may not be in quite the same 
class as Fioravami, rated by 
David O'Brien ' in the same 
league as his Epsom Derby 
winner, Secreio. 

The most genuine mudlark 
of the sextet is Flash Of Steel, 
trained close to the racecourse 
by Dermot Weld. He was 
racing over a distance short of 
his best when winning the 
seven-furlong Tetrarch Slakes 
here last month. 

The other valuable race on 
the card is the group two 
TattersaJis Rogers Gold Cup, 
which' has a six-figure guaran- 
tee attached to iL Khaled 
Abdulla, the owner of Danc- 
ing Brave, makes his third 
attempt to win a mqjor Irish 
prize with Damister and his 
perseverance may be reward- 
ed. On his two previous 
journeys here he finished third. 

Willie Carson and Pilot Bird (centre) draw away from the favourite, Kabiyta, and Old Domesday Book (left) in the Sir 
Charles Clore Memorial Stakes at Newbury yesterday (Photograph: Ian Stewart) 

Scottish Reel steps lively in Lockinge 

Scottish Red, who can ap a 
seq u ence of fear wins 
annmd this t«n* last year, 
retnrned to Us best form in the 
Jnddmonte TitrHnp S*»lf»c at 
Newbury yesterday. However, 
Teleprompter, racing for foe 
Best WW1 l » y li t j> 

to concede 51b, certainly shared 
the honours. 

Despite dr iftin g from 2-1 to 4- 
1, Scottish Reel quickened well 
inside foe final forlong to win 
foe £50,000 race in smooth style 
by a length and a half from 
Teleprompter with Snpreme 
Leader third and Rfiria fourth. 
Michad Stonte has Scottish 

Red in all foe top mile races bat 
the pond wfll be foe deciding 
foefor. “He most have a fittfeent 
in ft," Stonte said. 

Tetepro m p te r, who prefers 
fast going, b earmarked for foe 
Queen Anne Stakes at Soya! 
Ascot while foe Ecfipse and foe 
Snsinr are also possibilities. 
His main target, though, is foe 
Arlington Million at Chicago in 
August, a race be won in 
brilliant style last year. 

BiD Watts was “thrilled to 
bits" with Tefeprompter's re- 
turn. He said: “He^s better on a 
turning coarse as bends fire him 
op. He gets bored in a straight 

It was Incredible bow he 
took those tight bends in Amer- 
ica, he’s sach a big horse, and be 
his legs hitting foe 

straight, as they like them to do, 
as if he’d been doing it all bis 

Snpreme Leader, the 6-4 
favourite, had to settle for third, 
disappointing Clive Brittain, 
who said: “He never picked up 
at any stage and will probably go 
back to a mDe and a quarter 

Kabiyta, 13-8 favourite to 
follow np her impressive New- 
market success in the Sir 
Charles Clore Memorial Stakes, 

foiled to stay foe mile and a 
q Barter and now misses the 

The race waft to Pilot Bird, 
driven right out by Willie Car- 
son to gam a two-length success 
at 14-1. Pilot Bud’s dam. The 
Dancer, who had only one eye, 
also won this race and went on to 
finish third in the Oaks. 

POot Bird Is in the Oaks but 
her trainer, Dick Hern, also has 
The Qneen’s Laughter and his 
wife’s Salchow in foe Epsom 
race. “She’s not exactly fond 
choice and well have to see how 
she lakes this race. 


Lupin at 
of Fast 

Sure Blade's late defection 
from tomorrow’s Prix Lupin at 
Longchamp has robbed foe 
contest of any British interest 
but two prime candidates for the 
Prix do Jockey-Club Lancia 
(French Derby) will be on view 
in the shape of Fast Topaze 
(Cash Asmussen) and Arokar 
(Yves Si- Martin). Nevertheless 
there is a disappointing turnout 
of just seven, two of whom are 
pacemakers, for this £60.000 

Fast Topaze. who is owned by 
Mahmoud Fustok and trained 
by Georges Mikhaiides, is un- 
beaten and should extend his 
winning sequence to four. He 
hacked up in the Prix de 
Fontainebleau on his se ason al 
debut and then landed the 
Dubai Poule d'Essai des 
Pou tains (French 2,000 Guin- 
*eas) in convincing if not 
spectacular style. 

Fast Topaze could still take 
his chance in the Derby rather 
than run at Chantilly although 
connections hinted earlier in the 
season that he would be cam- 
paigned solely in France this 

Arokar, another Epsom entry, 
is the obvious danger. He easily 
beat a sub-standard Prix 
Greffulhe field on April 13 and 
has not been out since. 

• Ivor's Image, who was beaten 
less than four lengths when 
fourth to Salchow on her re- 
appearance in last week’s 
Cheshire Oaks, has a leading 
chance in the £31.024 Oaks 
d'ltaUa ( 1 1 furlongs) at San Sira. 
Milan tomorrow. Walter 
S win bum rides. 

• Ferdinand, a 17-1 chance 
when beating Bold Arrangement 
by 2'A lengths in the Kentucky 
Derby, is likely to start favourite 
for the second leg of the Ameri- 
can Triple Crown, the £288.042 
preakness Stakes. 


. Televised: 24&3D.34&30 

Gong: good 

Draw: no advantage 

50 (9 runners) 

Lid) RStnpron 4-7-13 

Ca8ard)L Hot 
-(H Speck) G 








212 ARAPm 


321 211334 SOON TO 8E 

322 eeo-coo deputy 

323 24-122 GOLD 

324 200-300 BAY PRESTO 

325 2t2100- BOLD REALM (til (llraS Pwixte) C Hogan 5-7-7 

32G 000140 MAJOR JACKOfD) (j Korean) R Hannon 3-7-7 

327 20240-0 DQRNEY (P) (Mas L EnraqA Dwrtson 6-7-7. 

6-1 Mg Chop. 7-1 Mnee Sky. TyreMe. 8-1 Vtfay MBs. M mcbRRter M nteRhL 9-1 
Gate Prospect ItS-l Padre Pta. Hats Lad. 12-1 SadoFs Song, Young bn. Oiv Jock, 
20-1 ctfaws. 

FORM: OORKMG LAO (941 unplnd to Ho M Chtati (9-2) with QOLD PROSPECT I 
2nd brawn hd, and Bflfc CH0P(59) 3rd hasten hd. 2 and SJULORS SONG (9-7] 

E (Mac Lane) 8 MBs 8-11 . 

. J Raid 3 
P Cook 9 

beaten 4541 17 ran. Newmarket 
to VALLEY IflLLS (B-6) 21 ran. 

3rd beatena to Sidy's Choke (8-11) 13 ran. 
fith beann 4ttl whan note dear ran beMn 
h*cap good to soft Oct 5. (talacltoit ALTBtM 

320 ASTON PARK STAKES (£8,129: 1m 5f 60yd) (14) 

54 Bestplan. 1 1-4 Araptt. 82 Swttt Purchase. 51 MebhB, 8-1 Mfeage Bank. 151 
Carol's Treasure, 16-1 others. 

Newbury selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 Bestplan. 2.30 Terminator. 3.0 Brig Chop. 3.30 Mango Express. 

4.0 High Tension. 4.30 HOLLOW HAND (nap). 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

2.0 Bestplan. 230 Beaoderc. 3.30 Range Rover. 4,0 High Tension. 

By Michael Seely 

3.0 Valley Mills. 4.0 HIGH TENSION (gap). ^ : 

230 ‘MAIL ON SUNDAY* HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £4,526: 1m) (12) 

202 0*1-412 MUPRHCRMR(H Al Ma Mo ra rtC O i re lM fl 57--— — -. Bl 

203 038-910 G0HGB& AIGBMQN (C)(0) (W Gradlev) CMWn9-7 G 

190212- WJ-S BC (UBA)(D) (Shslto Mohraamad) S l«8 9-6 B 

00-0 MISS ARON&ranraglDAitMhnat 9-3 « 

08412 PELUNKO (Bq^Wesfaray) E Btfin 81 

0334 JOHN SAXwfM^tSYG Wrote) M Some 8-a ; — ; — AHabjdtjO 

403 348830 AYRES ROCK 

405 028800 CXAUWCd 
407 1310-29 EAGLNG(LacH 

406 2000A8- HBHOfflATEi 


IM Haynes 5-87- 



| fC Booth) R J WWann 58-7 . 
H De Watfro) H Cadi 4-57— 
j HfctBQM Htoch 4fte557— 
! C antam 5-8-7 J ■ 








J 8DL- 


1124- MANGO EXPRESS (t5 KAndmeMC Homan 8*7. 

<224 ; ORE (C-Q (0 Zawawq W Motion 88-7 

. 130418 RANGE Rofel flirt DaibjflJ Wfcaer 4-87 

418 VBnAGEPORTWUpftraMMckMRMiatiiaair . 

419 000820 GENTLE STREAilfCfot RTumOOariai J Tolar +84. 

42D 301328 LUNOTTUX (Si J OtwrwB R Hannon 48-4 

422 8 BROKEN TACKLE (Mrs DOughkm) 0 Oogtton < 

^unango Express, 81 Lo n gboa t. 181 Kayte, 1M 

F0RttCHMRHEHEI8118 5B) b eaten 18X1 10 Brutes 

beaten over 22L 8 ran. Cheater ImSrsottltay&AYVEt 

Vatuafite WitneasJM} 10 ran. Moot 2m good to ape Apr 30- 
beaten owSto ” " “ 

B Cm atea y O 

^gdbeate n i ai to Hebris 

STAR {88) 4th 
2nd beaten ft 1 to GMoninj 

■12 ran. Ascot Gotdi 

: 0-S 5th beaten 12ill to 
HMH DBATE (821 8thl 

■io« May ID. 
[baeten W will 


4jO LONDON GOLD CUP HANDICAP (£4,110: 1m 3f) (1^ 

502 0t«a SHARP NOBLE (USA) (ShaM Mohamad All 

003- GAY APPEAL (A Laawn)C 

0012*4 FLOATMG ■■ 
341-3 TCR«BiATt»pi 
0-340 POROBOYfMrsBJ 

HdB Walden) PWaMyi 813 P^E*tefy « 

Candy 812 CRaBteBI* 


■■■MHHmtopri R Hanton B 
043004 WHUONG WOO (A SiMfl) M Usher 88' — d 
008 GLOBAL KMHl Homes SouthemfonWktasopJ 


. Rfta 

« T «*^Mp-wpw ffSsesgtSSBS^^ HBsBitt8 ‘ 1 

dhn Saxon. 181 Georgous Algernon. 

TJRM: MUOMK »8) 2nd beaten 2X1 to Kedran (812) 19 ruvSafi rtury 71 h^ap 
lay 7. GORGEOUS ALGERNON (88) 7th beaten over 12l(o Sufi Trooper (8-5)' 
HtaiwATOH (7-S)3rd beaten 2L nk. 10 ran. Sandownlm heap soft Apr2&HULS _ 
L3) 2nd beaten XI to Open Hero«8)9 rwv YBrnnuBi 1m h^gowLw SnnSy rfl. 
Elinao ra-1 2) 2nd beaten 21 to Trick CN Treta E8-.1 0) 12 rm-Tlwsk 7T h^p gooditery 
0. CLAY APPEAL (B-6) 3rd beaten 41 to (fomSy (811) la .ian-Bathim oaftOct 

. FLOATWG AS&T (86) 4th beaten « to Katifrte ffiQ14 rm Neynaitet 1m h i^> 
ood May 2. BARftACUOALADffl-(R4th beaten @ toSaJ Perej (80 12rea Newteay 1m 

sssssssss BsasgafflaKffl^*^ 

) 11 ran. UngfieW 7f h eap good to colt May 10. B SM KXEjtC ffl-2)3rdbea 
ucfcy So And So (85) 9 ran. Doncaster IraVeap good to firm May 5. 


S03 2200-00 OWUOCKm 
w 442188 DOHXtNGLAp 
XE 0004-3 B«GC»aP 
506 101848 YOtWGBjC 
KB 1000-03 VALLEY r 
HO 30224-0 SAJLWTS 
ni 148000 DAWITS' 

H2 131000- ALIKIN 

03 112000 HABSU 

04 0402-12 TYROLLS 

05 142083 MANCHES- 

06 001821- MMEPI0 

07 300800 ABEGHBIO ( 

06 003000- STOCXKLL 
H9 40114-4 PfUNCESKY 


Greek (8 

_ ) G PrtkhatoGordon 4-86 

500 312381 STATE BUG 
509 303000 JOLf WASfl 

511 000480 8AtNTLY LAfi (P tixtee) P Cunda 

512 001284 MAJESTIC RMGJBJ(PKa0mwy) 

515 30813 ORfHfS PRSE (MR (Wenhae I 
514 213348 WMTBt PALACE ^EABoK Ltd) CNateon 4-82 

516 03348 LE\nGAHi8(Meol DswmMre) J Toflar4?8_ 

517 00380 DERBY DAT (N Sjradtxxy) D Mean 87-7 

84 boater. 81 Stela Budget 82 Share Nobla. 81 t«gh Tanelon. 7-1 Owen's 

“ h. 181 MaJeeSc Rtng/181 odors. 


BSaa OmSfR AkteBJca 4^-5 p Ratereoa 13 

Pride. 81 Lovlgatoa. 18lf 

I Hush. ' 

430 SHAW MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £3341: im 3f) (22) 

tronmi) M NbM 4-813 ^8 Ttemai 28 

jtsrttSM£= =5«ai 

)N Vigors 4-811. 
,k tvwy 8810. 

r 6-8-9. 


7-4 Kolow Hand, 7-2 SNptxxans. 82 Boon Point 81 Ohoni, 181 Tabacos, 181 
Bunmg Ambteon, 281 others. 

Newbury results 

I to soft 

tevtaZEJBe poabteyou (P 



■». 12-1 ^hlean Saton. 
r Lad. Swanow Bay. W 
181 Seepane ForPtoe, 

. 281 Petng_ Sowrey .Bega 

NR: PBrteO Strengw- a hd. 
Ronan to Mafton. TW £2Att 

), £1228 DF: £1828 CSR 
n 04.60sec. Bought n. 8800 

Bambokma. 181 Gfttter 5th. 181 Ekrop- 
nona) Beauty 4tfl 281 Bekce 68LJ F6te 
Charoeba. Lost hi France. 10 ran- 2. hd. 

STSTShCL « Hem at 

TOW £1420; £2.70. £1.70. £280. DFr 

eS^ 0CS^E37.11. anh 1034sac. 


Steri®£Vl);2. Native Qeb(SCau8ten. 


aA.asj a.asv .gg 

1W, W. L Corned « ^ongwuTcw 
E42J0; £5.70. £1.40. SO-BO. DF: ES384U 

- an 1. FOREST FLOWS* 

Lowe, 81k Z Forceto (11-2): 3. Sknskn 
.9raa15W. 1HLS Norton. Tow 
.70. El.ia £1^0.DF*9SaCSft 


3.46 (Im) 1. 
Nervous RUB 

(T Quinn. 81k 2, 
3, Oggor'B Best 


ID ran. NR: __ , 

P COW Tow fX.BC; tlTa £1-40. 
£1.10. DF: 2580. CSF. E17J7. 

4.15 (71) 1 . KnMite Secret (J foam. 4-1 
favk Z Zto PeppCo (81k 3. 0 1 Oyettn 
(181k 4. Domrton Prire«s (11-1L 17 
ren.1L 3L M H Easterty-Tote; £4.10: 
£120. £150, K-30. ElM DPS £27.11 
CSF: £41.78. TWcast B4S2J8. 

845 flm 41 60yd) 1. Paeen (W Ryan. 8 
15 tevj: 2. Cuffln Sound (12-1); X 
Stockade (8840). 5 ran. NR: Paravane. «. 
2KL H Cecl. TOW £180: £1 .10, ES.Q0, DF: 
£5.00. CSF: £683. 

i Pfl 1. Ortenep McKaown, 81k 2. 
re (183 tavk 3. Mareen (181L 19 
HR: Rnha Rate, m A hd. R 

38S{lm«f)i. Kudz(NDay.2^k2. The 
Yompar (81k 3. BaytinqQ3-1L 10 ran. 4L 
4L HCectL TOW El 80; EfflO, £1.70, 
E3.70. DF: £210. C8F: 2289. 


ran. Wt ... . 

Wttetteer. ToW £780: £1 A 22^0. £4S0. 
DF: £1 80 let or aid vteh any other horse. 

4 AS (71 100yd) 1. Able Me yfaob (M 

ftranwr. 14-lfciUtrte- ‘ — 

CBM Qirl (81k 4 ~ 

Oanvi4-1 tav.18i 
IL H Cotengrtdge. Tow £1780: £4.10 
22.10. £SJtt 080. 

£12485. Tricast: 

DF £11280. CSF: 
£88685. After 

RAN: 2 -1 

to, 281 War Hero 5th. 
ran. a. hd. njt 2HL J 
undet. Wn S2JjO: E|-1g- 
DF: £50.70. CSF: 23653. 

i - SCOTTISH was . JgJ 



J-l Gr«« rsj 

VI, hd. M StOuffl 
row E42G: n .40. £2^. 
17.00. CSF: £3485. Unto 

£3.40. L... 

JedlpBt aftwi. P te c a pnt- £1675. 




NichoBB. 181k 
3, Come On 


■S.-hdT * D 
246 (5ft I.Broon’e AddfflonJG Brown. 



1. The Stare (J 



2.15 (50 1. Greeifs QaBaif (M L 
Thomas, 82k 2 Barley Twist (11-10 tavk 
3. Toraie Mj (11-2). 9 ran. 3L 2VM. G 
Bkmr. ToW E7.«k £1.60. £1.40. £2.40. OR 
£880. CSF: £1184. Winner bought to hr 
3800 ois. 

248 (2m) 1. Lanrecheoa Lady (M L 
Thomas, 181k 2 Sound affusion {14-lfc 

c‘ inquiry the result stood. 

Im 4ft1.r 

. OurthToe . ^ . 

(181). 8 ran. NR: Metecbcian. 1W, 2L A 
stewert Vote: £18ftEHn80. 2280. 

5.10 nm 4i) 1. Sender (M Etoberis. 84 
favk 2. Fourth Tudor (5-2k 3. Bteon Match 

ggk“ “ " ‘ — 

DF: £4.18 CSF: 26.70. 


£4653. — 
3.15 flm 

81k 4. Stone Jim 

k-1). Aifie DlcMns81 fav. Is ran. _ 

anon. Tow £2180; £670. £7.86 £210. 
£250. DF: £24580. CSF: £15585 Tllcast 

3-15 (im 41) 1. Heated {Mm TUder. 8 
Ik 2, Mr Urn ffl-Tfc 2 WSdrush (81). 
Datoimg Light 8 nv. 14 ran. NR: Kadesh. 
Star »ar£ 2KL 2XL N Tinkler. Tow 
£720: £180. £380. 23.15 DF: £3385 
CSF: £5125 Trieast £30515 . 


andown Park 



?e»: ES35E185 ^60. £185 

Sj U Car ter. 181k 

U?5tewS Tom FOrreggr 
i. Santfuan 05-ff- PiP vS 


si oaoft CSF: 

SuitnA 2250. B1M. OF: 22275 
CSF: £51 82 

QUBW. 1 


Tot* £1280: £185 £215 £4.75 £1.75 
DF: £33.40. CSF: £8924: Tricast £89685 
7.15 (2m ch) I.Akho^S J ONeB. 81). 2 

PtacepOL C12J0 


Going: good to soft 

.T«$3 bSS 3 


"aMM s 

hcast E1Q 384- ,, go, nr 

[m an i. samri*»B 1 

gi. a. iwa w rmiwiL awav la w . £120, 

£21.40. £185 DF: £11125 CSF: £63.78- 
515 (3m hdM 1. UMe London m 
Dunwoody. 7-1 k z Prince* Drive S-1k3, 
Fee Bawd J3-1 fsvk 4, Mister Pto (S-H 
1 9 ran. NR- OBKtnouriiL 3L a T Morion. 

845 (2m hdte) 1. AsSrcSte (P A 
Oariton. 9^: 2 Opsn The Bw P-4 hnA: 
3. Butte Bay (181). 15 ran. NR: Gwa. KL 
BL P ACheAoa Tow £4.75 £285 £1.60. 
E57a DF: £525 CSF: £14.1 1. 

PtacepoC £1535 

Course specialists 


HUUNER& H Cecd. 40 winnara from 102 
runners, 392%; M Stoute, 22 from 85, 
258%: G Harwood, 17 from 127. 134%. 
JOCKEYS: S Cauthen. 42 winners from 
237 rides. 17.7%: G Starkey. 19 from 130. 
157%; W Carson. 36 from 295. 122%. 

TRAMER& H Cedi. 10 winners (rent 19 
run 528% W OGomraa B from 31. 
258% M H Easttfby. 24 from 1 81. 1 48% 
JOCKEYS: J fl tea wsite . 13 nnen from 
77 rides. 168% Wife* 10 tan 65 
157% M Brch, 34 from 295. 118% 


TRAMER& P FWgate. 5 wtonws.from jh 
nmers. 238% 0 MeCata, 10 from 55 
20.0%: J Edwards. B from 44. 162%. 
JOCKEYS: P Warner. 9 winners from 40 
ikte6. 225%: J Bryan. 5 from 27, 1 98% M 
Brisbane. 6 from 45, 138% 

-nutBERSc Mis M Drcktoepn 9 wtoners 
from 20 rumars *60%: A 6cog. i3Jpm 
55, 238%: R Fisher, 10 from 67. 148%. 
JOCKEYS: G Bradley. 11 winners tan58 
rides. 198% TG Dun 14 from 75. 157% 
C Hawkins. 16 from 99, 188% 

Mrs J PtorenJ «4nnera from 
39 rumen. 23.7%: H Henformn , 9teom 
45.2505: J Webber. 11 from 87, 128% 

K Mooney lO w«s S3 rtow 
158% H Dames 10 town 88, 11^4% S 
Bmtei Ecotas 6 from 63. 98%. 

Blinkered first time 

NEWBURY: 28 Sandhurst 20 Sailor's 
Tout* Me Not 425 


Cook and 
poised for 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

Con Horgan. the Wokingham 
trainer, can sustain his excellent 
start to the season by landing a 
double at Newbury today with 
Mango Express (3.30) and Hol- 
low Hand (4.30). Both will be 
ridden by Paul Cook. Twelve 
months ago Mango Express won 
the Shaw Maiden Stakes on the 
corresponding card and now 
Hollow Hand is napped to 
follow in his footsteps. 

The presence in the field of 
Boon. Point, Landmark and 
Shipboiime should ensure an 
open market but the best form 
undoubtedly belongs to Hollow 
Hand, whose name went 
straight into my notebook last 
October when he was narrowly 
beaten here by Celtic Heir in the 
group three Homs Hill Stakes. 
That was a most encouraging 
performance from one with so 
little experience and now I 
expea to see Hollow Hand fulfil 
that promise. 

Mango Express can initiate 
the Horgan-Cook double by 
faking the Aston Park Stakes. As 
he won first time out last season, 
fitness is unlikely to present a 
problem, especially as the stable 
as a whole is in such fine form. 
After w inning his next race at 
Lingfield last season. Mango 
Express went on to finish a 
creditable second to Lanfranco 
in the King Edward Vli Stakes 
at Royal Ascot and his chance 
today can be a s sess e d on that 

Over a mile and five furlongs. 
Mango Express should be too 
quick for last year’s Ascot Gold 
Cup runner-up. Longboat, who 
missed the Yorkshire Cup on 
Thursday because foe ground 
had deteriorated. It was for 
precisely foe same reason that 
Range Rover was a late with- 
drawal from the Ormonde 
Stakes at Chester nine days ago. 

Range Rover should go well 
on foe better ground this after- 
noon but 1 still feel that foe best 
chance his owner. Lord Derby, 
has of seeing his famous black 
and white racing silks carried to 
victory today lies with High 
Tension in foe London Gold 
Cup. After I had watched High 
Tension go really well in a gallop 
at Newmarket a fortnight ago. 
bis trainer, Gavin Pnlchard- 
Gordon, ventured the opinion 
that he could turn out to be a 
much improved horse this year. 

High Tension certainly did 
nothing but improve through- 
out last year and in my opinion 
he was rather unlucky to be 
deprived of a winner's prize here 
in foe autumn after a stewards’ 
inquiry. He later ran well to 
finish fourth in the November 
Handicap at Doncaster. 

Terminator, who ran so well 
on his seasonal debut to finish 
third in the Esher Cup ax 
Sandown, is my somewhat ten- 
tative susestion for the Mail 
On Sunday Three-year-old Se- 
ries Handicap while Brig Chop 
is taken to win the Towry Law 
Insurance Handicap, which 
looks even more open if that is 

Third to Ho Mi Chinb at 
Newmarket first time out. Brig 
Chop now meets the runner-up. 
Gold Prospect, on fractionally 
belter terms. More significantly, 
he now has a race behind him 
whereas Gold Pr os pect had 
already had two before they met 
al Newmarket. 

Bestplan, a derisive winner at 
Lingfield eight days ago. is taken 
to win the Philip Comes Nickel 
Alloys Stakes but bis stable 
companion. AlkadL looks to 
have it all to do at Beverley 
against Mister Majestic, whose 
form with Quel Esprit now looks 
so much better in the light of the 
latter’s subsequent victories at 
Salisbury and York. 

Loch Sealbrfo looks another 
likely winner for Henry Cecil in 
the Risby Maiden Stakes follow- 
ing that encouraging run at 
Doncaster 12 days ago when be 
was beaten half a length by First 


Going: good 

Draw: high numbers best over 5f 
£1,047:7f)(19 runners) 

4 0134 ROWEKMQ (D) L Ugti 



10 0 DOOON HELM WEtoUffay 8-11- 

19 00 ROSIES IMAGE J Jefterecn 98- 


8 - 11 . 


S Mont* 2 


. A Stoute (5) 1 


1 10-0 ALUSTERDRANSRELD (D) G Moore 9-0— RPEM0U7 
3 0102 MUSIC TEACHER A M Robson 8-17 _ A Shootta (S) 16 

5 00-0 CROWN COLONY D Moortwd 67 S Webster 3 

10 (XH> NEAVB5Y HOOFER DBms SmrttiS-7 DLBBdbftter(5}5 
0 KN0VDARTP Hasten) 5-7 *“ ' * 

13-8 Mister Majestic. 7-2 Atiadi. 7-1 Rowefdng. 1<M 
Dockn Hffl, 12-1 CtaeswokL 

Im 100yd) (14) 

3 -020 PALMKMRHoMnshead 4-8-7 SP«rio3 

6 2100 TRY SCORER Denys Sirito 483 — D laedbftter (5) 9 



G Francb 2 
. R Cochrane 8 
M Fry 14 

12 03-0 MEDDY W 

14 -000 RED ZULU L 

15 204 ROPER ROW kf H Easterly 6-7 K Hodgson 10 

16 003 STEP ON C Thornton B-7 J Bfensttete 15 

17 3000 TOUCH ME N0TJB) R Haftnshead 8-7 S Ports 12 

19 400 BAUDB19IJ Partes 84 DBMfarall 

20 430 BAO J Cosgraw 6-4 JScaty (7)6 

22 040- HARSLEY9UF9USE N Tinkler 8-4 — JH Brown (5) 19 

24 000- LAST JEWEL C Soares 64 A Proud 13 

25 0 LUCKY WE5TG Moore W S Wood (7) 4 

26 MANA5TA M Brtlan 9-4 KDartsy IS 

27 004 MBS BESWCKC (tem 9-4 IJOtasmtf 

31 -430 SiSTBI NANCY (V) G OUroyd B-4 LCtameckl 

32 SUNTAN P Fefgata 54 MkHUrS 

3-1 Step On. 4-1 Red Zulu, 9-2 Roper Row. 134 Music 

Teacher. 6-1 AltetenterosftekL 151 Manasta. 

Beverley selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Harsley Surprise. 2.45 Icaro. 3.25 Mister 
Majestic. 3-55 Gleodeny. 4.25 Oyster Gray. 4.55' 
Lodi Seaforth. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 
2.15 KnoydarL 2.45 Seven Swallows. 3.25 Mister 
Majestic. 3.55 Long Bay. 4.25 Great Memory. 
4.55 Loch Seaforth. 

Michael Seely’s selection: 3.55 Izzy Gunner. 

245 RAPID LAD HAM} (CAP (£2.460: Im 2Q (18) 

3 305 ARABIAN SEAM McCormack 7-511 JLasctr (7) It 

Hofinsheed 55-11 . S Perns 10 


8 540 BfT OF A STATE 

10 014 LONG BAY H 


12 004 PERSHMBIC-D) 

13 050 GLENDERRY (C) Hfe 

R CoctaroneS 

SWites 551 — D Mctaofts 11 

4-512 MRtemsf 10 

M 'Brawi 55-11 KDariey S 

54-11 M Mlsr 1 

Macftie 7-8-1. 



17 352 STAR'S DELIGHT W Storey 4-7-11 G Crater P) 7 

19 549 BLACK RNBI fflR M H Essterby 5-7-10— J Los» 13 

20 004 PErare node r woodlouse S-7-9 , 





J Otero (5)12 
MLTbonaa 14 

5-2 Palmtan. 100-30 Izzy Gramer, 9-2 Try Scorer, 51 Stefs 
Delight. 154 Patchburg, 10-1 Black River, 14-1 Common Farm. 

Y-O: £930: 5f) (25) 



















GREAT MEMORY L Ptogott 512- 
SOUIGGLE M Tompkins 512 
MAV5PARK P Rohan 511li 

E Quest (3)2 

512 K Hodgson 8 



%0W FOR HOMED Morin 510 GDtofMd9 

BHO0M STAR Htat Jones 510 WRy»4 

PEARUT1C M Tompksa 510 MRkwrar22 





. Stake 17 

0 CHUNKY SUPREME MWEmtofby 55 T Loan 19 

0 COLD LASER J Berry 58 Mftytt 

COWLAM BOV C Gray 8-8 J Lowe 24 

0 CROFTBTS CUE J VWsan 84 Jtete Bovriroig 3 

PI. . 




5 104 ELARUIJC-D1 T FterhurB 7-58 C 

6 2-00 PARIS TRADER (B) M W 


11 040 MISTER POMTft>0)C Tinkler *43 

12 0040 NKRfT WARRIOR A MRotaon 444— J 

C Gray 558 I, 

ANTGARItt P ywranm 45-7- 
(D)JMutoaH554_ P 

13 400 BOLOERA D W Chapmen 54-9- 

14 0344 DUBAVARNACf 


20 0020 BALG0WNE( 

21 142 ICARO (BF)NCalBgtan 344. 

2 M2 RUSITC TRACK i^-D) Denys Smrth 552 — ~ MFryB 
23 -043 K3CXAa.R^jQSltenDn552 J Lowe 3 


0 EUROCONDW Chapman 55 
(SECIAN JOS F Carr 8-8 

40 HUGO Z HACXB4BUSH C TlnMer54 N Wood 20 

MARKET MAN TBsrron 55 G Crater @14 

MAYBEMUSIC W Mscfcie 55 JOuton(5)T1 

040 PERTAIN mwwiroton 55 NCtoWslO 

SOUW) ASAPOtMJMComactao84 — 25 

0 THE MAfiUE Miss L Stodak 58 GGosnoy21 

3 RHABDOMANCERJW Watts 57 NConiMtan 18 

39 0204 ROYAL RABBLE DBsworOl 57 —6 

42 OUR HORIZON TBairon 55 S Webster 18 

43 32 OYSTER GRAY Can 55 IJotanson7 

44 00 PRWCESSSlNGHOTTBanon55 - — S 

5-2 Oyster Gray. 7-2 Greet Memory. 4-1 Atwbdomancer. 5 

1 Qty Ftoat 7-1 Royal Rabble, 151 RoerWe. 12-1 Broom Star. 

435 RISBY MAIDEN STAKES £1,200 added Im 41 
PENALTY VALUE £2.038.80 

1 350 BRKMDB! TROY DMorisy 4-9-7. 


8 050 MEXICAN KHL (Ffl) R Hofranead 457_. 

8 0 SAGAX kites Sttte 44-7_ 

25 005 NORTH 8TAR 8AM Mrs JRaneden 

57-11 GO 

26 005 BUNDLING BHJ R Woodhouso 57-11 A 

27 0420 CROWFOOT'S COUTURE J Partes 574 

7-2 Rustic Track, 54 Paris Trader. 11-2 Icaro, Forward 
RaBy. 13-2 Seven Swallows. 51 CBvafteravantgarao. 

125 HULL DAILY MAIL STAKES (2-Y-O: £2,725: 
5ft (7) 


53 R Cochrane 7 

3 31 AUADI(D)WO r Gonn8n51 M L Thomas 6 

10 32- THE PRUDENT PRMCEW Jams 4-97_ RCDCtmeB 

12 BERMSH LADY B McMahon 5-9-4 JHBBs(S)5 

13 0 DEBACH REVENGE M Tompkins 554 MRtmaerlO 

17 02 TOSARA H Candy 59-4 — R Carrot 2 

21 4 CALL TO HONOR (USA) (B) O Douteb 34-5 —12 

22 00 CORNSHPRWCEWWtarion3«5 NCMMB4 

24 540 FRANGWTOR Houghton 555 KDariey 3 

25 452 LOCH SEAFOR TH H Cecil 3-55 WRyanIS 

30 SR CHESTER G OUroyd 345 LOweockll 

32 205 SOICTHMG SnHLMJmmy nznrakl 3-55 — —9 
34 504 BLUE BBJ.’S STARS Norton JLowetS 
38 RHAT1VB.Y EASY M Prascos 352 G DafMd 14 

11-8 Loch Seaforth. 7-4 Tosura. 5-1 Call To Honor, 151 
Frangrato. 151 The Prudent Prince. 25-1 otfiere. 


CHASE (£1 ,170: 2m 4f) (19 runners) 

2PPP0 PAYRIEEZEffl) S May 1511-8 RMHnro 

4 0P00 BEACON TWEDUcCata 12-1 1-5 KDoateR 

5 OPOO RtVER WARRIOR (D)JBradtoy 511-5 GDSviee 

9 DOOP OUVBI HARDY kfa-iBWamg 11-1513 

10 4-FO KAY KARKBT Mrs M Thomas 9-1512 Rl 

11 /U- HAVE AJAR P Ransom 11-1510 PDever 

12 1PO0 RJUfTEXlAORbR Hoad 510-9 M Hoed (7) 

IPOavte 15158 PWcMte 

3 2341 CMPPED METAL (D) R B Francis 

4 0040 STAR OF SCREEN nfnjEdwvfo I 

5 3P-0 MOUNT HARVARD Hl6-11-0 

5 2B-1 NADER 8 CW—n 51 1-0 Bex) A 

7 2110 DEADLY GOWG 89 KB 

10 1000 DONT ANNOY Mi 

11 P041 PATRICK'S FAR | 

51512 W Wortt 

R Whitaker 5157 

E Peacock 


13 F112 WELSH " 

13 4PP0 STREAMLINBlPOsvts 15158- 

14 P0TO MBS TAHIR Hanop 7-105 

18 P05 HAVBUNG HRJ.E VWiaaira 5156- 

17 2D4P 


20 03F0 ATHENS 

W Mann 11-153. 

D McCain 5153- 


— D Hood (7) 

— SJOWca 
. A Mutpby (7) 

. ASharpe 

GM Turner 5150 

24 4030 PAR80NSBPRDEKWtogmM 


27 0)00 MADMARKW Jacques 11-150 MBrisboraite 

28 00BS HYDE I Anderson 51(H) POTteml 

2SPPUP SAWYBTS SON IfcsPRrcpy 7-150- MrAHoraMy 

51 Parson’s Pride. 7-2 StreamBner, 51 Postdyne, 51 Miss 
Tali. 152 Master Croft. 51 Beacon Time. 151 others. 


Bangor selections 

By Mandarin 

2.15 Postdyne. 2.45 Dynadee. 3.15 King Jo. 3.45 
Welsh Oak. 4.15 Pass The Plate. 4.45 Le Soir. 

5.15 Marina Star. 


(£1.623: 2m 4f) (17) 

9 00 HARLEY STREET MAN C Jackson 511-3 RHyW 

11 KH1RYWOOO HOUSE J Edwards 511-8 — 

12 LBS1RETIME SWLE J Edwteds 51 1-3 C Brown 

13 -0PP LUCKY MCHAELJNBMteani 511-3 J Bryan 

150UFF MOBaEDLIWtams 511-3 AGndear(7) 


B Preace 5156 RJ 

— DGandoBo 

18 1200 CRU06N BAY PI P Fatama 5HVH T i 

22 0000 Sa.VERDREAirai^W Harrison 515%^!!! 

l®W0 w flteftOak,5i Patrick's Fate. 52 CHaoed Mi 
1 Ptora Martin. 13-2 Many Jane, 51 Ensigns Kfcjio-l 0 

CHAMPIONSHIP (Amateurs: £1,716: 3m) (19) 

2 * wuiui nsnr— 'f&ss 


8 MU CAiBORli^jl^M^ "S 

10 _J/ EXPSXEH Mrs D " H ^?22 

11 PPP/ G0U3BI SOLD MrsCCnper ^ 

12 P00- HSLOREBI 18) J Hewitt 15114 114 

14 ft SEJSg^jarortiare 12-11-9 

17 OOto RAtSNS BOY O OteeS 511-3 


.. . SJOWoB 

23 0000 AUTHORNE KBaisy 51512— . Mr T Thornton Jones 

25 OP-O BALARUMJ Spearing 7-1512 AWefafa 

27 nu B0XFO0TN Los-Jutfcon 11-1512 S Moore 

29 IMP DYNADEE D Motixt 51512 SSraMiEcdas 

32 LITTLE FLY ftfrs A Ratciti 51512 ter M Price (7) 

35 0200 PAHSIQME LARK C F Lae 61512 JAHate 

37 PRETTY FLY A Brisbouma 51512 HBcfebOtm 

39 00 THAWS AIR Mrs SRWwdscn 51512 AGomrai 

42 0000 GLEN-ROY-ROY (B)A P James 51511 G Jones 

43 000P RAISABUJONJWtisan 51511 — 

11-4 Dynadee. 7-2 Pansterme Lark. Ragans Boy. 51 

Harley Street Men. 51 Ateftome. 151 otiwrs. 

3.15 EBF NOVICE CHASE (£1^70: 3m) (12) 

1 1244 KING JO(BF) MrsM Rsnsfl 511-10. 


20 FI TMARKIftsTS^^|zrJL"TS 



1 rein 2VS5S , .? OVTla * , ft 511-5 MBr 

2 25 OOSERAMEJ Edwards 511-5 

S 000 FWnSBCurtey5l1-5 DM 

9 ■ £S££ffi0Wtt.5ii-s “Si 

|SS!®» WG M Trailer 511-5- 

ra m JSSP£ WQ tails 7-1 1-5 

sn “n **« MUromas 511-0 RQ 

k nm £2*5f£POPSM W Mackia 4-11-0 8 

“ 4200 N4B^&n0HAL(USA) FH Lee 4-11-0— | 

m mm *?STW?ETK B W1^ 4-1141 To 

s? ®S JU2S55. BFran »511J) c c 

31 JO LYSAW ERM Tate 4-11-0. 

4 OIF* SCOTCH PRBKESSimtClRChugg 51 1-5 P 

5 44KJ COME ON SONNY K B "Me 7-1 lS_l_ H 

6PRPF COUNT MDAS ©A Watson 7-11-3 

7 0000 OK PARK (B) MB James! 1-1 1-3 

S03P4 JON PWERBC Morgan 511-3 

SJ croft 511-3. 


11 -004 SEVERN StSiWJBradtey 51 1-3. 

13 oboo 1111 1 1 111 Aim mum 11 11 n il 

14 UP00 CANTABR£ LadyS Brooke 7-1512-. Mr B I 

15 FOW SPARTAN NATIVE A W Jones 51512-H 

— R Crank 
C Prtoen (7) 

— S Moore 

— or 


16 POOF BOTTLE MO GLASS E Alston 51510—: KDocte 

9-4 ScoKti Princess, 51 King Jo, 51 Severn Sow), 152 
Langston. 151 Come On Sonny. 12-1 otnera. 

HURDLE (£1,878: 2m) (15) 

1 3031 MERRY JANE ^XD) E Owen ar 

2 0300 PETER MARTIN (B) (D)FH i£S?j&!!!?ASS8 

" "V »»wi aw m TBte 4-11-0— _________ e 

MYDELLA T Caldwell 5 H-<lZL — 

35 TO CWJ Smith 4-1 

.«aatLr,&!Basis ssi ' « ** 


4 T3U 

7 0310 







Sanchez plays patient 
game as Becker bites 
the dust on clay again 

Caked with dust and often 
puce in foe face wlh fury, 
Boris Becker faded 10 a help- 
less bid to hit his way out of 
trouble in the quarter-finals of 
the Italian Open here and was 
derisively beaten £-3, 6-4 by 
Emilio Sanchez of Spain, 

Emotion is never for from 
the surface when the Foro 
Italico's Campo Centrale is 
packed with a Roman crowd 
and Becker pumped yet more 
tension into the atmosphere as 
he railed at a series of bad line 
calls and his own inability to 
keep the ball in play. 

Becker may be familiar with 
clay courts but his style of play 
is the very antithesis of what 
clay court tennis is all about 
and be will need to inject a 
great deal more consistency 
and patience into bis game if 
he is ever going to win a major 
clay court title. 

Last week ii was .Argentina's 
Martin Jaite. a compact clay 
couner. who beat Becker at 
Forest Hills. It was hardly 

From Ridmrd Evans, Rome 

surprising, therefore, that San- 
chez, who has recently devel- 
oped into a better all-round 
player than Jaite, should do so 

Hard work through the 
winter on his serve and volley 
game has given Sanchez a 
greater option than most play- 
ers of his type and he used it 
judiciously against Becker, re- 
membering to temper caution 
with sudden spurts of 

Becker, in contrast, was 
constantly trying to keep his 
blitzkrieg tendencies in check 
but was rarely successful He 
has had trouble timing his 
forehand all week and now 
even the underfired back- 
hand showed an inclination to 
fly out of court 

Three consecutive errors by 
the service line judge fuelled 
Becker's ire when he dropped 
serve in the third game of the 
second set but in reality the 
line calling is perfectly fair in 
Rome these da vs and the West 

German could hardly com- 
plain of any partisanship as 
the majority of the crowd was 
noisily behind him. 

A last, typically heroic effort 
to save the match saw Becker 
fling himself forward to dig 
outa short return but it was afi 
in vain and Sanchez, forcing 
another backhand error from 
his frustrated opponent, de- 
servedly readied the semi- 

Henri Leconte who has only 
just recovered from hepatitis, 
found Ivan Lendl too nigged 
an opponent to handle at this 
stage of his convalescence and 
went down 6-4, 6-2. The 
victory enabled the No 1 seed 
to eliminate one of the few 
head-to-head deficits he has 
suffered from against a player 
out of the top five. This 
victory puts him level with 
Leconte at five wins apiece. 

H Leconte (Ft) 6-4. 6-2£ 

(Sp) bt B Becker (WSJ 6-3, 6-4. 

Confidence boost for Durie 

From Rex Bellamy. Tennis Correspondent, West Berlin 

Jo Durie. of Bristol, made two 
remarkable recoveries to beat 
Catarina UndqvisL ofSweden2- 
6. 6-4. 6-4. in the German 
championships here yesterday. 
Miss LindqvisL seven places 
above Miss Durie in the world 
rankings, led by 4-1 in the 
second set and had a point for a 
4-1 lead in the third. In today's 
quarter-final round Miss Durie 
will play Martina Navratilova, 
who beat Catherine Tanvier6-3. 
7-6. . 

Miss Durie has had good 
matches with Miss Navratilova 
but has not beaten her. “I have 
never played her on day." Miss 
Natraulova said yesterday. "She 
must have played well today, 
coming back die way she did. 
T m looking forward to playing 
her". The odd and (to be 
mischievous) typically feminine 
aspect of Miss Dune's current 
attitude is that she lacks assur- 
ance on clay, the surface on 
which, in the 19S3 French 
championships, she produced 
the finest tennis of her career. 

This is Miss Dune's first 
tournament after a two-month 
break. There has been evidence 
that Tor a time her game must be 
prone to ragged patches. 

Equally, there has been exciting 
evidence of her uncommon 
seven tv of shots and a fighting 
spirit that can be inspired by 

"1 doubled myself od day". 
Miss Durie said yesterday, "but 
this has given me a boost. This 
tournament, and this match in 
particular, has given me a lot of 
confidence. It would have been 
a good win at any time I was 
plavrng badly and had no game 
plan, ben I worked something 
out for myself, slowed the game 
down, worked hard, and got 
some reward for it" 

Miss Lindqvist is three years 
younger than Miss Dane and 
seven inches shorter. Her back- 
hand is one of those classic joys 
that never paiL On both flanks 
the nimble and bouncy Swede is 
enviably fluent. She was at her 
best while winning seven 
consecutive games. But Miss 
Lindqvist has temporarily lost 
the knack of winning tough 
matches. She played an awful 
game when serving at 4-2 in the 
second set and Miss Durie. who 
had slipped from diffidence u 
seeming despair, began to hit 
through the ball and. suddenly, 
was smacking all the targets she 

had been missing. 

Miss Navratilova had a test- 
ing match. Miss Tanvier's 
spin was difficult to attack 
her passing shots demanded 
respect. But Miss Navratilova 
enjoyed the challenge of adjust- 
ing her game and her thinking to 
the p attern s of shale. “She' 
good player and hits a heavy 
ball" Miss Natratilova said 
later. "Neither of us made many 
unforced errors. I wasn't serving 
that well, so I had a hard time 
getting a rhythm on my serve 
and volley game. You can't go m 
on everything and on day you 
don't get to hit too many volleys 
anyway. But Tin comfortable on 
the baseline. 

Finally. I most disclaim credit 
for the dich6-riddea travesty of 
English that appeared yesterday. 
Some playful colleague con- 
verted the Berlin despatch into 
an amusing caricature "sending 
up" the worst kind of journal- 
ese. The by-line was mine but 
the joke was qol 

RESULTS: TOW Raw*: J Durie (GB) bt C 
Lindqvist (Svw) 2-6. 6-*. 6-4; M 

6-4, 7-5. 




A gripping day for Sussex 

BRISTOL- Sussex (2pts) beat 
Gloucestershire by seven wickets. 

It wasa pleasant day at Bristol 
and I had a long, enjoyable 
conversation with the 
porpureous Basil, less ferocious 
tn aspect than usual because his 
grand-daughter bad insisted on 
his having a haircut. It was a 
great disappointment to me, 
however, that GRIP, the Glori- 
ous Red-headed Impeturbable 
Pamela, who is no longeron the 
establishment here, was not able 
to accept an invitation to lunch. 

Sussex put Gloucestershire in 
and at lunch, after 34 overs, had 
them at 96 for six. It was a fine 
day. though the white clouds 
wobbling uncertainly about 
gave no assurance of the fixture 
weather, but the crowd was 
disappointingly small Hie pitch 
was damp and the outfield slow 
and the ball did not swing much 
but moved off the seam. 

Graveney was not able to play 
for Gloucestershire, because of a 
domestic bother, and the side 
were captained by Bainbridge. 
Sussex bowled wdl and fiekled 

Jones, in an impressive open- 
ing spell, bowled Stovold and 

By Alan Gibson 
had Athey caught at the wicket. 
Bainbridge was also caught at 
the wicket off Imran and 
Gloucestershire were 36 for 
three. Romanies, Curran and 
Payne were the only batsmen to 
put up much of a show. Four 
wickets fell in the 90s just as 
Gloucestershire might have 
been breathing a brighter future 
and the innings ended after 46 
oversat 136. 

Green and Lett ham went in 
first for Sussex. The pitch was 
drying but did not become too 
difficult even though Lawrence 
and Walsh worked up some 
speed. The 50 came up in the 
tenth over but in the I2ih over 
Sainsbury had Lenham leg- 
before for 33 with the score on 

At 83. in (he 19th over, Parker 
was well caught by Lloyd at 
second slip ana at 92 Green was 
caught at mid wicket for 32, 
which suggested that Sussex 
were becoming a little casual 
The hundred, however, came up 
in the 24th over. Imran and 
Weils steadied the ship and 
cruised home in the 31st 

The man of the match was 
Adrian Jones, who took three 

for 14. The best news was that 
Graveoey’s wife, after an awk- 
ward time, was triumphantly 
delivered ofa child, though it is 
not going to be another Test 
batsman because it is a girl, 

qtou cu r ma sw a 
AWStavoUb Jones . 

PW Romanes bCMMWts 24 

CWJAItieycGouWD Jones 2 

TBartjfWgecGouWD Imran 9 

K M Cretan c Barclay bPfcntt 87 

J W Lloyds c Lsrttam b CM Walk _ 6 

IR Payne not out : — 19 

tR C RusseS c and b Imran 0 

D V Lawranca c C M Web b PlgoU _ 4 

C A Walsh few b Jones 
GE.Sarnstauy tala Roux. 

w3,it» 6) 

_ 4 

Total (48-1 overs) — — 

FALL OF mCKETS: 1-3. 2-7. 3-36. *67. 

5-92.502. 7-96. 8-101. 9-1 20.10-134. 

BOWUNG: Le Row 6.1-0444; Jones 7- 
3-14-3: C M Wets 11-2-3645: hnran 11-0- 
37^ PlflOU 11-524-2. 


NJLaifeambwbSainstxsy — 33 

A M Green c Bambndge b uoyds — 32 

PWG Parker cUoyttobWarft 9 

Imran Khan not out 20 

C M Wefts not out 27 

Extras(b3,fb1,w3,'nb8) 15 

Totoirawtts. 305 ware) : 138 

*JH TBwday. A PWefc, t« J Ootid. G 


FALLOF WICKETS: 1-54, 243. 3-92. 
BOWUNGt Lawranca 60-41-0: Watoft 9- 
1-40-1: Sainsbury 32-1-144; Payne 23- 
0-150: Lloyds 7-1-22-1. 

Umpires: C Cook and A A Jones. 

Pocket calculators to the fore 

Should the pressure to ban 
cigarette companies from spon- 
soring sports events succeed, it 
would be appropriate if a com- 
pany that manufactures pocket 
calculators were to take over the 
Benson and Hedges Cup. 

The final round of group 
matches takes place today, with 
only two of the eight qualifiers 
for the quarter-final round 

known — Essex and Middlesex 
— and higher mathematics in the 
form of striking rates (balls 
bowled divided by wickets 
taken) to act as tie-breakers. The 
winning county in each group is 
rewarded with a home tie at the 
next stage. 

In Group A, if Derbyshire 
(striking rate 30.08) beat 

Warwickshire (43.81), they will 
go through with Northampton- 

Derbys v M Cties 


minor courmes 

P A Todd c HoKSrw b Mcrnensan 4 

+N Priestley b Newman 14 

R Herbert c NMer b MorbMfln .4 

GRJRoopec Moms bMAar 26 

*N A RJddeH few b MBer 12 

SGPkanb few b Newman . 20 

ASPaWb Wmw — — 3§ 

A J Webster run out £ 

WG Merry notout S 

SJ Malone not out 1 

Extras (fe 8. w 5) 13 

Total (8 » ovare) — 

FALLOF WICKETS: 1-8. 2-20, 344, 4-65, 

BOWLING: Hokthra 11-1-260; Mortensen 
11-3-16-2: Newman 11-057-2: finnrn 8- 
4-19* MBer 11-2-39-2: Warner 61-4-1. 


"KJ Barnett few b Herbert 62 

I S Anderson c Roope b Herbert— — 26 

A HU not out ___Z_ 16 

JE Moms b Herbert 6 

By Marcus Williams 

shire (52.64). If Warwickshire 
win, three teams will finish with 
six points and Northampton- 
shire are likely to miss out 
The winner of Yorkshire 
(36. 16) v Worcestershire (41.25) 
will definitely go through in 
Group B, as will Nottingham- 
shire (60.81) if they beat Lan- 
cashire (50.84). Should 
Lancashire wm, striking rate 
will decide. 






- 3 









Notts i. 

_ 3 





- a 





_ 4 









Glow* . 

set and Gloucestershire (41.90) 
are victorious, calculators win 
again arbitrate. 

Middlesex (36.00) are through 
in Grnqi D, but Kent (3SJ24) 
could earn a home draw if they 
beat them at Canterbury today. 
If Kent lose and take few 
wickets. Hampshire (41.24) 
might squeeze in. 

Hampstwe _ 














U Counties 

*'A captain's innings of 42 by 
Thontycroft and a fine 64 by- 
Warren steered Winchester to a 
commendable six-wicket vie-* 
lory against Marlborough on 

Byng. bowling left arm 
around the wicket, achieved the 
nattering figures of five for 74 as 
Marlborough were bowled out 
for 16 8. 

SCORES: Marfeorough 166 (S Kenr 65. A 
Robb 81; JByng Star 74,TMacUite2far 
94). Winchester 174 lor4(J UteiUA54,S 
Thoniycroft 42). 

Derby’s minor victory 

tB Roberts n« out- 
Extras (fe 3, w 5) 

Total (3 MlctS. 40 omrs) . 


G WBar. RG Newman, M A HaMng. R J , 
Frewy. a E Warner and 0 H Modernen 
GW not tat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-76, 2-95. 5107. 
gOWUNae«gno WW 1 -ft Webstar 5 
51 -350; 

iwrtBrt 10-1-26-3. 

Umptrea: B Uodboater and K J Lyons. 

lag By Peter Marson 

Derbyshire maintained their 
position at the top of Zone A in 
the Benson and Hedges Cup, by 
way of an easy victory against 
Minor Comities at Derby yes- 

Having chosen to -bat first. 
Minor Counties were soon in 
trouble, losing their opening 
pair to Mortensen with the total 
on 20, and a slim cfrauceof their 
springing a surprise bad evapo- 
rated by lunch, when the Coun- 
ties came in at 80 for five from 
38 overs, and Minor Counties 
ran out of overs ax 138 for eight. 

At Edgbastou. where 
Warwickshire's batting bad col- 


shire in the late afternoon on 
Thursday McMiTlari and Asdf 
Din took' guard again with 
.Warwickshire needing 225 runs 
to win from 33 overs. However, 
the orcmnstances now were 
such that more importance' 
could be attached to 
the five wickets which were 
.in hand. 

But after the batsmen seemed 
to have dug themselves in CapeJ 
reappeared to take his fourth 
wicket, that of McMillan. By the 
time Warwickshire's innings 
dosed at 127 for seven; AsjfDra 
had batted for 1 39' minutes in a 
watchful innings of 52 not out' 


wianer Peter Baker holes a putt 
of tftr Fnfltnfi ^frnfrrpTaj Tnwitamrnt 

White shows he is 
an astute pupil 


By Mitchell Platts 

Bernard White, aged 22, a 
Surrey County player with im- 
peccable academic qualifica- 
tions but with tittle form of note 
major amateur events, put 
a levd par first round of 
rday to lead the English 
Sirokeplay Championship at the 
New course at Snnnmgdate. 

In truth White was m the lead 
for the Bradazon Trophy after 
32- holes last year but he 
eventually finished 36th. Even 
so he regards that per fo r ma nce 
as his best against players of 
international class although he 
came into this tournament with 
Us confidence high after win- 
ning the Antlers foursomes with 
Mara Gerrard at Royal .Mid- 
Surrey last Sunday, .. 

White, who obtained A levels 
at Chemistry, Mathematics and 
Physics, said: "What Tm doing . 
out here pHayihg£olf is hard to 
understand. I simply haven't 
settled down into a proper 
working routine and I’ve been 
doing labouring and decorating 
to finance my goff” 

The improvement in White's 
gn« this year could be attrib- 
uted id the time be has spent 
with Leslie King, the golf 
teacher. However, he stewed 
excellent resilience in accepting 
a seven at the ninth, where he 
carved his drive into the trees, to 

retrieve Us score with the 
assistance of-four Unties on the 
inward .half 

White began Us charge with a 
three- i ron to 10 feet from the 
hole at the tenth and he finished 
in style with a two ai the 17th. 
where he almost holed in one 
with a seven iron, and a bixdieat 
the long 18th where he was on 
the green with & three wood and 
a four iron. .. 

Peter Baker was not too 
downbeartened by a score of 75 
in which be three putted, on 
three occasions. He began Iasi 
year's tournament with a 76 so 
he has every reason to faeSeve 
that be can once again move 
through the field. 

LEAOMG 3C0RE& ffrat Hound: 7fc B 
mite (WM tin; Tfc * RteWrJCatteriek 
Garrison), D Jones ■ (Theea J«*ere). p 
Thocntay ffUctmond). A Robertson 

■Boantaao (Stand, J J O'Shea ■ 

^ Hamer {NorfeMandneter). N J Grams 
(Brokanta uret Manor); 73: M WVraan 
(Boscombs). S HurteyfFBon). MS Dm 
(itramdon Pariti, R M'tafeam (Stwtay 
niiM, J SCheemani {Nortbeoden}, M Uni 
HHtetemL A Roams (EeSnaJ/D G Ume 
[and SteBattey). ~S M Botomhw 
.■k 74: RCtRydan (GogaMegaggL J 
■Omn-(RayatMd-Suem SCKdd 
{BrynHQ, M Garrard (GSaaordL S 
Rwurdson (Ue-orvSoiantL S j Water 
(FriHonl Hem^, J Langmeer Mawtan 
Abbott*. D Praroe (Catee Eden mi 
Fetedee}, P McEixnr (Copt Hn Ih*. I 
S^^^He.wal,). -F George. 

Newcomer sets Clark goes to 
course six under par 
record with 66 with birdies 

Louise Mulfaud, aged 22, an 
Australian newcomer to the 
Women's Professional Golf 
Assocution, set a course record 
of 66 on the second day of the 

at Vita Mount yesterday (John 
Henuessy writes). Tub sur- 
passed, by five strokes, the-71. of 
Nancy Lopez, then an amateur, 
in 197<3. Miss Milliard had three 
Unties and an eagle in 
successive boles from the 10th. 

. After a depressing first round 
of 79, the Australis ; has now 
dimbed to within two strokes of 
tile lead,, held by Catherine 
Panton, of Scotland. Miss 
Pan ton also broke the course 
record yesterday with a 69. 

l£ASMO SCORES: 143:C PWtan74, 69. 
144: L Naunam (Swte_72. 72.-145: B 
LmUord (US) 74, 71.7 Fa 
tanka) 72,1 

HowanJ Clark, ofBritam, had 
birdies at two of the first three 
boles in y es t erday's second 
round ' of the Spanish Open 
championship in Madrid to 
move six under pan 
Clark, winner of the Madrid 


Lunsford (US) 74, . 

. , 73: L Stated (Aus) 79, 66.1* 

A Nicholas 72. 74. 147! J Coonactian 73, 

74; K 

74, TO G Stewet 

the European pnze-money 
list, shared the lead oyemight on 
68 with another Briton, Ross 
Drummond,' and' Spain’s 
Mariano ^nrido. - 

imtaw stated): BS: H Clark. R ftwiroond, 

(kte.X Jonas, D Friharty. J Andareon 
tCo6.P WBtena; f Yriung; 72: J Anglada 
(SW. J Rtearo (£M. P Vtey! S BanoattTR 
L«a, M ModCBs P Taravafrmn (US). 
Ha Cnmm (US, G Tnnar 
Parkin;, n. D .Smyth (lrW..P- 
UtotHMr jZm^, M Mcuran, R Cw ni raS 
(US), M Motemd. H So«»JUS), M Plrwro 

G Brau Jnr. J Muda 


Bob . GeldoTs 
Sport Aid planners 
may -have thought 
they had seemed 
.weridwide coopera- 
tion m their pro- 
gramme of events to help .raise 
money for African famine relief 
'but, they hadhot reckonedon a ' 
dose of Yorkshire obstinacy. 

' Oyernigirt the oignozeis of; adji 
.what has been- taatied as- 
altimalfr cricket match” ^ be- 
tween. West Indies andaRea of 
the Worid XI, at Edgbastou next 
Tuesday, hadsaccusJUOy dealt 
with official- West Indian 
tions to the South African. 

Rice, playing in tire match. - 

Ttethurdfcdeared, they then ' 

karat that .Desmond -Haynes, 

the West . Indian op e ni ng bau- 
man, who has won 59Tcstcaro, 
was not availaUe . because ids ■ 
league dub, Guisboroagh, have 
a cup game on Tuesday evening, 
against Hartlepool, their rivals 
in ;tfae North - Yorkshire "and 
Sooth Durham League. 
Gtrisborough adoed if the game 
could be put b^c to. Thursday 
but Hartejpool have refused 
because. their second XI are 
u sing the ground tim evening. 

"This pntiilem is sot of oar 
making," Ken Gardner, , the 
Hartlepool chairman, said. 
"Gutsborougb can play without 
their peofesjonai zf necessary. 

We have made aB tire azrange- . 
men is along time ago and see 
no reason -to change from 

" " case ■ 


rekasc d. To be honest he-ady- 
mentiooed lris c o m mitme n t to 
the Sport-Aid match last Meat-, 
day. It took me by ’ surprint He 
has knows about lUaKSHentiy, 
for weeks." 

•" - The reaction fran^ one of the 
Sport - Aid organizers In 
Edgbastou was: *T am appalled 
at this unsasse. It is steer. 

to locate 

_ s Trhti- 
hinrier, as a replace- 
menL' for Malcolm Marshall 

who tinned down las invitation 
to ptay for West Indies because 
he feu run-down. Marshall a 

' . CKve Rice commente d year 
terday: -Itb despfeahfe ftatthis 
(West Iedtei) board rf control 
can do that to a cMty june 
which will belp mfflfous "W ire 

starring. They oaght to be 
ashamed of themseTves. H dret is 
what the irerid fa comtng to then 
we are lost Swndy when them 
are.tbousands «tjTOg we should, 
pall together and -help these 

Bnjaiv who is considered the 
world's festest bowler, would 
have bees a major attraction as 
hie renewed his con fro ntation 
with David Gower, the England 

■ ever we, 

Ken Mitchihsoa, • the 
Guisborough s e cretar y , coo- 
ceded that Hardqrool had a 
point bat said his seven-man 
committee were adamant that 
H aynes m ust -play for 

■*Xt is an important cup-tie for 
us - and' though w tmghi talk 
about it again at the weekend, I 
win be surprised if Desmond - is 

ampshire. . Marshall's 
comity dttb, denied, rumours 
ti^ they had refused 
permission to play in 
indued. "That 

be was 

r is not truer Tony Baker, 
the 'dub’s drief ouxoti ve ^aid 
“Greenidge, our other ; West 
Indian, is at EdgbasiOT and we 
ted no oWet^oa to Marshall 
playing. He is. though, still 
recovering from a ilu virus. He 
almost <fid not play for us on 
Thursday and is missing this 
weekend* game with ; the 

, Meanwhile, across tte : Ai- 
tamkr in Basseterre. St Kans. 

may, came out of a , west 
hxfics cricket boarf meeting, to 
explain on tbc 

matth. "When **e 

cocseutol to West Indres meet- 
assumed it 

players from ofoa Jest , ifiymg 
^rntrics. South Africa does not 
play Tests and ta'noi a member 
bf the International Cricket 
Conference. We felt irweessny 
io register' a protest- ai ite 

The West buban - board 
tdned their riew carter tte 
week to J 5 d^bas«m - and Aar 
message added: "At tins' late 
^age we havewo wish to prevent 
the game because of its purpose 
which -we feHy support. How- 
; . must withdraw our 
blessing if a South 
African is inctoded _* Mr 
(~atw>piw stressed yesterday 
i hat at so time ha d the Wen 
Indian' board co n tem plated 
withdrawing their ptejera. 

The Frieft"”?*" match, which 
bas received 
ship fioni the Grocery 
asters of Great Britain, ts 
expected to raise £150,000. ' AH 
20j000 public seats have been 
sold aad could, apparently, have 
been sold twice over, such has 
been the demand. 

What a pity, though, about 
that dash with the North York- 
shire •- and ' South Durham 
League's cup-tie ~ 


pnam fTR o nuns, c h 

. AHaM^EAEBtei8M.AL 

n^OFTW%MI>n ■OIGorar-SM 
Gnasksr. Kapi Dm, ft J State*!. B F 
Hew T 14 AttUBteL-finT OmMdr. J R 


Collision gymnastic display 

a protest 

By Barry PldotitaH 

The final icsak of 
Westerlejr -LjungtM Cup 

tut obte m • protest 
between New . ZraliDd’s 
America's Cap betesna* Chris 
Dickson aad OS skipper Deter 
Zsler, representing the 
Corovgacous . n-iwtve 
syndicate. - 

h marked can tmt to the 
strong mods freed by the 10 
competitnra on Wednuday and 
Thursday, the fight m experi- 
enced m Christchurch Bay yes- 
terday forced the Royal 
Lyimroton lfocht OOh post- 
pone the start of the tno final 
heats httepeBahaynmi- 
rabin series «at£t after aooa, 
then call a hah te -the event 
before staging tba flaUamh- 
oot rounds between foe fop four 

The previous evening, 
Dickson, who had ended (he day 
as prewriena l lender, one pobt 
dear of Brjtarn^ Chris Law and 
bier, lost that adriurtage a> the 
protest mom later 'tint night 
wten tiie jnry dedded xgamt 
kna fonowing sn incident on the 
start line hi his match against 
the Italian Maura Pdaschkr. 

Yesterday's first head-to-head 
between Dickson aad lsler be- 
came crucial to the final out- 
come. The A m eric an held the 
initial advantage, bat it was 
Dickson who Ira at the weather 
mark in a dosdy-lowkt dueL 
As they approached the wing, 
mark on starboard gybe Erier, 
bobUng-the bride berth, called 
for room to round the mark and 

event, sponsored by NatWcst, 

takes the form of a gala display 
by dretmgmshed p erf or mer s 
from 14 c otu tf ries at the Na- 
tional Exbibiuoa Centre, Bir- 
mingham (Peter . Aykroyd 
writK). As as conventional 
competitive pmnastios. the 
programme incfodesThc newer 
brauefaes of the sport tfaythmic 
gymnastics' . and sports 
ac robati cs. 

-The occasion wH W urtique 
in Britain as many of foe werid 
class gymnasts wonfat not'usn* 
ally compete m British sons-, 
naments which az^ in the main 
accorded lower stress than tire 
international competitions 
staged by the sport's tpp coua- 
iries. However; the British Ama- 
teur Gymnastics Association, 
were asked to present the gata - 
because of -their global repusa- 
tion for efficient and impartial 
oganization. ~ 

of the perforin- 
medals air world, 
wiB be 
the firmed 
_ overall 


era today ho* 

Olympic and 
the prestigious 
Lou Yon of C 
Olympic vault 
ica; and Gyo tgf 
veteran Hnngxrian 

of the pommel 

mnneiH»Roat Amer- 

Mnngamn a n o tuto- 

The women include GabrieBe 
Faehnri dt ofEast G erma ny, the 
world asymmetric bars cham- 
pioa; Bonaoa Stoffanova, the 
Bulgarian overall . national 
;and-Sabrina Mar, the 
States all-round 

■ ' 

Three poputar British dwm- 
pions wffi risopnrtidpate. They 
Terry Bartlett, Sown in 
from Penn State 
1 islfe United States: 
Hayfcy Prices who oouHs^mra 
reoreroe n ;; and Lorraine Priest. 
Brhamls Mp rhyilteijc gymnast. 



Urns i 

Oty floats. CMnl Hist l 
OiMlWl&tolUtM PWteSsitaP 




(BomniraittB — «o f «w n— rt— 


■MApapPB BriL A Samitta 
MXiH aWzmi&pli IMwAidi |Autt 


nwx jpu m. -u wna j ArctoraoBiOirt; 0 

MAnal Whhb. ttJAMHifSp): JRMro 

TnMg gtaPASk 
powT HCAwe wtek wmw hi— iuibb 
■ireiic«4 2««W^ fc APnKtariS 


pat tack, bat Didrson held Ms 
course, daMtiag.tfare they were 
not yet within two boat ■' 
of tire mark, aad a 

SS^imdaa 39. OteRtte; Ipteteh «S, tengs 

l^raONM. tEAaU& MW ctelttrcu tfl 47. Br- 
■Thootnm 31, _ 


Araiw Essn 45. Poata i 

87-teagare* •' 

I (Am Eaan 



3X1 urisss stated 


^ v Mexico ( Los Angeles, 

FA Trophy Final 

Altrincham v Runcorn (at Wembley) 
Pra taw O n tal n b: Maxtanhead Town « 
AUngdon-Utd; Morris Motors v Shwp- 
isa®*; Yata Town v Buffer Towa 

RACKETS: O uaens 
charnploi a M ps. 

nowfitre TtamuOMon regatta; Pulnay 
TownraradtarCUriswraoteta.- •• • 
RlHffiY uNBON: Sport Aid M WI U (at 

SOUAtet ■ RACMETSe Gtanon trwH a BOP 
tounuuMitt ■ .(at Wyvom > SC. 

TEMNO: LTA Hamalioral !■*«» tou* 

Town v 


Laaau r Bon Manor v WWara Town; 
Malden Town v Bows UtrL 


Torn match 

fll-0, 100 overs) 

ampsrirev trySsns 
Britannic Assurance 

(11J1 110 ovars) 

Northamptonshire v 

Benson and Hedges Cup 

ni.O; 55 overs) 

Swaitsehr - * Glamorgan v- 
Itetwry: Kam y MkVSosex 
Liverpool: Lancashire v- 

. Notanshansrirei. 

L ei c ester Lrices t e c shira v Minor 

towraniant quafifjmp 

Tour match ■ ■ 

SouBt a aiTOoWi Hanpshire v Indfans 
01-0. liowfl. 

John Ptayw Special League 
(2.0 urfossstmed,' 40 ewersi)' . 

LEEK: Dmtiyshirav Warwickshire 
SWtN DOW: B j-jcegtefshirev €sbbx 
LEICESTER; Lacestershka v tan-. 

cashketIJSO) ■ 
TBBIT BRIPgs N OUi ngham sfl iHi v 

n. v 


The Owat Sarny, v 
Universities - 
HowE-Sussexv Somsrart 
Ed a barton; Warwickshire 


Heading ley; . Yorkshire, v 

Hlnamlrt— 'Ilian 



ATHLETICS: Orfwd Ur*raf5tty v Cam- 
I tfeMrteytMJmwRoad. Oxtani); 
AAA eha niplo n tl ew (Bt Cfjwn 


CTCUNO: RTTC woman's nattOMI 10- 
mtertianuferahios (at worftitoglL . 
GOLKr .Biofct; . amateur. 

.THE OVAL: Surrey v 
• worGesiarsnre ' 

FbOTBALL : . / 
Welsh fh» final . 

Wrexham v ' ; 

SUbMttUgre1*M^M«Mp ' 

HaBtec : v Wriririgton 'Blwid 

Road, Leeds; 3X9 ’ ■" : ~ 

SECOND, Oivwqte ,Whwt.1W 
(645).. /; 


.CpOOUBTi ToWnamenb-oat -BuRegh 
Satotog widOwllBifeN^ - , 

MBanyatoMi Zand i, 



Continued from facing page 


LAre 5.1^^ ScoteBta NaSr^ 
(Utonm Nano and SportTUfr 
UUHib NHraHaauloteandwaiSwr; 
Ctoea.EriOLANDSJSetepnLon- - 
don- Sport. SotrtKtflM-SpotfpM .. 
Sports and News. AlofharEngwi • 
regions - Reptenl asm and apart ’ 


SJSOoniiBclftrol WIltoAitod 
Htchoook PrassmsiAOno aandam 

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P»— ntaUDO— Cfeea d own. 



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laJSsw C few do wn. - • 


ridOr tOOHTJB HlAto <jT Shefwrod- . 

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HHrtwek Presents 140 Ctotedowiv ' 
feOBwed by Centre Jotfentor. 

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5X0 The 



BORDER toUrnaaiBBiri. 


Weekend television and radio programmes 
Edited by Peter Dear and Peter Davalle 




i *** &« i*& m 


[ 7 * 1 (r * ‘ ' 


945 QotFmhf In Newcastle. 
Wtti pop music guests 

Shop Boys. 11.30 
Tctmhawks. Science 
fi«ton adventures. 

12X10 News with Trevor 

12XB Saint and Qre avsto*s 

wrth Uncle Claude. 

7,50 F8m: K*®ng at Here Gate 

Middle-aged' lawyer Paul 

fL/ »' 1 ;"d ,'Vl 3.;-!l ; rr ; n 

reports from the England. 
Scotland and Northern 
Ireland squads at their 

acclimatization camps In 
America 1230 Wrestling. 
Two bouts from Leeds 
Town HaB. 

1-20 FBbc The a:®?w Tapes 
H974) starring Robert 
Focworth, Mike FarreH, 
John Vernon and Lew 
Ayres. A made-for* 
television science fiction 
adventure about an 
android that activates 
itself and goes in search of 
its missing creator. 
Directed by Richard A 

3X10 I n terna tional Rugby . 

Dickie Dawes Introduces 
coverage of the 
WDA/erittsh Airways 
Rugby Sevens, from the 
National Stadium, Cardiff, 
featuring teams from 
England. Wales, Scotland, 
Ireland. France, Australia 
and the Rest of the World. 

5.00 News. 

5X35 Benton. Benson recedes 
an honorary degree from 
Peter's old university. 

5*35 Robin of Sherwood. 

Gufrar the ev& sorcerer is 
^ the neighbourhood 
where Wifi has been 
wounded by a forester’s 
trap. The outlaws are far 
from their usual patch and 
GUnar thinks it is time to 
settle old scores with the 
merry men. (Oracle) 

6-30 Chad’s Play, lan McCaskifl 
and Sue Robbie try to 
decipher children's 
descriptions of evryday 

7.00 Canrionand Bafl. Among 
tonight's comic episodes 
is a visit to a Japanese 

7.30 The Moo is Right Game 

show. •• 

840 Tavby and Friends. Jimmy 
Tarbuck’s guests are ' 
Ame Murrey, Leo Sayer, 
Andy Cameron and 
Jessica Martin. 

9.15 (XA.T.& Eyes. The team 
adventure when a petty 
crook aste for their help. 
10.15 Neva and sport 
1040 The Late COve James. 
Peter Ustinov la tonight's 
ver^ welcome guest 
11.00 LWT News beadles. 
fbBowed to International 
Footbafl. England v, 

Mexico, live from the Los 

1.00 Special Squad. A 

teiev&on pubfic affairs - 

iadnaoppedand innocent 
people ere kiffed. 

140 Night Thoughts. 

640 Open University. Until 

145 FHnc So Ends Ow NfghT 
0941) starring Fredric 
March. Margaret Sutiavan, 
Glenn Ford and Erich von 
Stroheim. Second World 
War drama about victims 
of Nazi oppression making 


340 Laramie. A young country 
lad te desperate to win 
Laramie's shooting 
competition and with rt the 
Si ,000 prize-money. But 
Slim and Jess have also . 
entered as has a ruthless, 
amoral gambler and crook, 
RafeSeton. (r) 

4x10 Cricket Peter west 
introduces coverage of a 
Benson and Hedges Cup 
' zonal match. The 
co mme nt a tors are Richie 
Benaud and Tony Lewis. 

7.10 NawsView. Jan deeming 
with today's news and 
sport; Moire Stuart 
reviews the week's news 
in pictures with subtitles. 

7.50 Around WKb AIBss. With 
Peter Afliss, playing 
selected holes of me New 
Zealand Golf Club, is 
'Buzzer' Haddrngham, 
Chairman of the All 
England Lawn Tennis 

840 SL-1: ’A New Way to Die’. 
A documentary mm about 
a nudaar explosion that 
(tiffed three United States 
servicemen Hi Idaho 25 
years ago. It has not been 
established whether it was 
an accident or a bizarre 
suicide by ora of the 
operators. In a five 
discussion following the 
film. Nick Ross asks 
British and American 
experts whether lessons 
have been learnt HI dealing 
with radiocative spffls 
since the incident 
940 Cricket Peter West 
introduces Wghflghts of 
one of today's 55 overs 
. each Benson and Hedges 
zonal matches. 

1045 Film: Anatomy of Murder* 
(1 959) starring James 
Stewart, Lee Remtak and 


the governor's wife. Furl Bo 
is not amused by Danieis , 
Insistence that a third of 
his men be used in the 
search. (Oracle) 
iQ45 Ffim: The Ktang of Sister 
George (19(9) starring - 
Beryl Rad, Susannah 
... YprK and Coral JSkpwne, 
Comedy drama about an 
' ageing actrasewho-is - 
fjfowcmio tong-running 
soap opera bemuse of a ' 
• lesbian relationship. . 
Directed by Robert . 
Aldrich. Ends at 145. 

Radio 4 

10X10 News 

10.15 Evening Service is) 

1030 Soundings. With Bernard 
Jackson. A special 
report on the controversial 
issue of divorce In the 
Irish Republic. 

1130 Science Now. With 

7.15 On Your Farm 
745 In Perspective. With 

Rosemary Hertitl. 

7.50 Down to Earth, weekend 
Gardening. 7J5S 
Weather; Travel 
8X30 News. 8.10 Today's 

8.15 Sport on 4 

8.48 Yesterday Hi Partament 
837 Weather 
Tra veLSXJO News 
9.05 Breakaway. Holiday 
guide with Bernard Falk 
and Ws regular team. 
930 News Stand, lan Histop 
reviews the weekly 
mag az ines. 

10X15 The Week in 

Westminster, with Peter 
Kellner of the New 

10X30 Loose Ends with Ned 
Shemn and Ws regular 

1130 The 

(new series}. Some of 
the top acts to be found on 
the London cabaret 

12.00 News; Weather. 

VHF (available Hi England and 
-S Wales onM as above 
except 545-&00mn Weather 
Travel. 4X30-6X30 

Radio 3 

VHF only. Open Untverstty. 

From 6.3Sam to 835. Deputy heads 
in primary school. 

Radio 2 

On medium wave. Sea Radto 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour until lOOpm, 
then 3.01,6X30,7.00, and hourly 
from 10.00. Headlines 
630am,730. Spots Desks 
11. 02am. 10.02pm. Cricket 
Scoreboard 740pro. 

4.00am Martin Stanfrxd(s) 6X10 
Steve Truetavels) 8X)5 David 

Jacobs(s) 10X30 Sounds of the 
60s(s) 11.00 Album Time with Peter 
CJayton(5} 1.00pm The News 
HuddSnes-Roy Hudd laughs with 
June Whitfield, Chris Emmett 
.and the Huddfiners.140 Sport on 2. 
Indudes CRICKET^Hampshlra 

agtenst IndiaJGOLRfThe Spahlsh 
Open) and RACING&40 The 
Irish 2.000 Guineas at the Cunragh) 
6X30 Ken Bruce Presents Two's 
Best 7X30 Pop Score. Ray Moore 
asks the questions 7X90 From 

11X30 From our own 

Correspondent. Life and 
politics abroad, reported by 
BBC foreign 

from Vienna. 

12.00 News; Money Box. 

Louisa Betting with 
advice about personal 

1237 Questions of Taste. 

Panel game about food 
and dnnic<s).1245 Weather 

1.00 News ' 

1.10 Any Questions? with 
MPs David Hunt. 

Gwyneth Dunwoody and 
Cynt Smith, and Artngur 
Scarou. From Chorley, 
Lancs (r). 145 Shipping 
2X30 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Dust by Rib 
Davies. Drama about refuse 
collection. With Bryan 

HO The Last Witch. The 
story of Jane Wenham. 
who ini 736 was aw last 
victim of the penal laws 
against witches. 

3L30 News; Travel; 

In terrattorua Assignment 

4X30 The Saturday Feature: 

The Well Years. The 

story of theNorw^^a 

who. after the jrwastonof 
Norway in 1940. trekked to 

5JJ0 ^e*i>r^World. Peter 
France presente a 
magazine edition in 
5X25 Week Ending. Satirical 
review of the week s 


t2$ Stop the Week wiin 





Jersey with Love. From Jersey. 
Geoff Love conducts the BSC 
Concert Orchestra ind aL20-840am 
Interval- Piano interlude with 
Tony Lee(s) 940 String SoundfBBC 
Radio Orchestra's) 10X35 
Martin Ketaerfe) 1205am Night 
Owls with Dave GeflyfS) IXw 
Nick Page presente Nightridets) 
3XKMJW A LitUa Night Music(s) 


On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on the half hour until 
1240pm. than 

200.34044&740, 940,1200 

6XX3BOI Mark Page 8X» peter 
Powell 10X30 Dave Lee Travis 
IXXtorn Adrian Justus) 2.00 My 

Top TeoAlan Bleasdale talks to 
Andy Peeblesfs) 3X10 The 
American Chart Sbpwfs) 5X30 
. Satwday Live with Mark 
Page(s)B40 In Conoert{El740 
Simon Mayo 940-12.00 The 
Midnight Runner Stiov^wrth Dixie 
Peach) VHF Redkwl 8 2:- 
4X30am As Radio 2.1X3Qpm As 
Radio 1. 7X90-4XK3am As Radio 
2 . 

Mofcna and Shaun 


Baker with records fs) 
940 ThriBeriSbecfowola 


jams. Pan one.M8 

BBC 1 

6.45 OgMUflhreraty. Lima 

8-55 Play ScftooL 9.15 Asian 
Magaztoe. A special 
i programme celebrating 
the 12Slh anniversary of 
the birth cri the NotwPrb 



645 Good Mommg Britain 
brains witb 'A Thought for 
a Sunday’; 7X30 Are You 
Awake Yet? ; 7x25 
Cartoon; 740 The What’s 
News quiz; 8.10 Jen! 
BamBtfs Pick of Die 
Week; 8XZ7 news 

840 Jonathan Dknbleby on 



945 Wake l 

London with the 
15 Woody end 


1X30 This Week Next Week 
includes constituency 
reaction to Mre Thatcher's 
Perth speech; and a 
d i scussion on Britain's 
rale Hi Europe, with Lynda 
Cfcafter, Barbara Castle, 

Sinatra. Natalie Wood and 
Tony Curtis. Second World 
War romantic drama about 
two American servicemen 
who become embroiled 
with a beautiful 
Frenchwoman. Directed by 
Debtor Daves. 

540 Antiques Roadshow from 
Southend. (Ceefax) 

640 News with Moira Stuart 

6^0 Songs of Praise for 

Whitsun from Canterbury 
Cathedral. (Ceefax) 

7.15 Hancock’s Half Hour* The 
classic radio ham sketch 
Hi which our hero receives 
a Mayday message. 

740 Miss Matpfe: The Moving 
Finger. The second and 
final part of the Agatha 
Christie thriller, (if (Ceefax) 
840 Mastermind. The 

1066- 1939; the 
Empire in America 1492 
1815; the Me of Prince 
Rupert of the Rhine 1619- 
1682; and narrow gauge 
railways of Great Britain 
from 1863. 

9X10 News with Moira Stuart 

S-ISThafs Life includes an up- 
date on the 'puppy farm' - 

10X30 Heart of the Matter. 

asks if dvflised society 
should continue to toierete 
such a brutal spectacle. 
1045 Geoffrey Sniah’s World of 
Flowers. Heathers, (r) 
41X30 Summer of 66. Brazil play 
Bulgaria and Hungary Hi 
the 1966 World Cup. 

1145 Braza, Brazfl. The fourth 
and final fHm of the series 
focusses on the city of 
Sao Pauto. (r) 

12X25 Weather. 

Radio 4 

On long wavs. VHF variations at 


545 Shipping. 6X30 News Briefing; 
Weather. 6.10 Prelude (s) 
640 News; Morning Has 
. Broken. 645 Weather; 


7.00 News 7.10 Sunday 
Papers. 7.15 Apna Hi 
QiarSamajhiye. 7.45 Beta 
on Sunday. 740 Turning 
Over New Leaves 745 
Weather; Travel 

8X30 News. 8.10 Sunday 

8.15 Sunday. Presented by 
Cffve Jacobs. 

840 Timothy West appeals 
for the Alone in London 
Service. 845 Weather 

9X30 News. 9.10 Sunday 

8.15 Letter from America by 
Alistair Cooke. 

940 Morning Service from St 
Michaef s Abbey, 

Bebnont Hereford. 

10.15 The Archers. Omnibus 

11.15 Pick of the week. 

Presented by Anne 
Nightingale (s) 

1210 ITS Your WOrid: 01 -580- 
4444. Phone-in to 
Eugenia Charles. Prime 
Minister of Dominica (line 
open from 10.30am). 1245 

1X30 The World This 

Weekend: News. 145 
Shipping • 

200 News: Gardeners' 

Question Time. 

240 The Afternoon Play. The 
Browning ' Version, by 
TerenceRattigan. With Nigel 

Stock, Barbara Jeftord 
and Stephen Garik* (r) (s) 

340 Enterprise. Marjorie 
Lofthouse meets 
computer expert David 


10X30 Morning Worship with 

groups from the Ctapham 
Council of Churches 11X30 
Getting On. Geoffrey 
Goodman with a personal 
view on old people dying 
from hypothermia. 

1140 Once a Thief..? Marcel 
BerNns examines two 
main reasons given by 
judges who oppose a 
reduction in the prison 

1200 Weekend World. Should 
Europe agree to toe 
introduction of new 
American chemical 
weapons? Brian Walden 
interviews the Minister of 
State for the Armed 
Forces. John Stanley 1X30 
Police 5. 1.15The Smurfs. 
Cartoon series, (r) 140 
Small Wonder. American 
domestic comedy series. 

200 Platform. Paul Johnson 
chairs a discussion on 
moral and religious issues 
that have been raised by 
the media this week. 

230 LWT News headlines 
followed by Film: Fort 
Worth (1951) starring 
Randolph Scott. David 
Brian and Phyffis Thaxter. 
Western adventure about 
a townspeople's efforts to 
fight lawlessness and 
corrupt politicians. 

Directed by Edwin L Marin. 

4.00 The Prince and Princess 
of Wales - Across the 
Pacific. Highlights of the 
Royal tour of Canada and 

440 The Campbells. Drama 
serial about an emtgrant 
Scottish family in Canada. 

5X30 Albion Market (t is 
celebration time for the 

6X30 Now You See ft General 
knowledge game. 

640 News 

6.40 Appeal on behalf of 
Centre point Soho. 

6.45 Highway. Sir Harry 
Secombe is in Cheltenham 

7.15 Catchphrase. Game 
show .(Oracle). 

7.45 FRm: Earthquake (1974) 
starring Charlton Heston, 
Ava Gardner and George 
Kennedy. Television 
version of the dsaster 
movie that was a box 
office success. An 
earthquake threatens Los 
Angeles but personal 

_ problems seem to push . 
the local difficulty into the 
background. Directed by 
Mark Robson. 

945 News. 

10X30 Love and Marriage: A 
Waft Under Ladders, by 
Peter Gibbs. The first of - 
five plays taking a wry 
look st the state of 
contemporary love and 

11.00 LWT News headlines 
followed by Encounter. 

The heart-rending but 
of 12- 


Patricia Garwood (left) and June Barry in the play A Walk Under 
Ladders, on ITV, at 10.00pm 


profile of basket weaver, 
Joseph Hogan. 

145 The Making of Britain. 

Why political stability 
emerged in Britain in the 
early 18th century after the 
revolutionary turmoil of the 
17th century. 

2X30 The Pocket Money 
Programme. Financial 
advice for children, from 

230 FBmr Always Leave Them 
Laughing* (1949) starring 
Milton Be rle. Comedy 
musical about a struggling 
comedian using other 
people s material m his 
efforts to drnib the 
entertainment tree. 
Directed by Roy Del Ruth. 

4.45 Durrefl in Russia. Gerald 
and Lee Durrell visit the 
Chatkal reserve In the Tien 
Shan mountains. (Oracle) 

5.15 News summary and 
weather followed by The 
Business Programme. 

The Country Gentleman's 
Association: why is it such 
a hot take-over property, 
and why does it find the 
attentions of Mr Tony Cole 
so unwelcome? 

6.00 Second Glance. A filmic 
impression of the 
paddlesteamer, Waveriey. 

6.15 'Same Game - Different 
Rides' A documentary 
about the past 12 months 
In the life of Mike 
Nemesvary who was 
British ana European 
Freestyle Ski champion 
but is now a quadrapiegic 
after severing his spinal 
cord in a trampoline 

7.15 Reclaiming the Earth. A 
documentary exploring the 
relationship between 
environmental problems 
and the patterns of 
development being 
followed in parts of Africa, 
(r) (Oracle) 

8.15 Sfa i fometta. The London 
Sinfontetta, conducted by 
David Atherton, play Edgar 
Varese's integral es. 

9X30 The Return of Ruben 
Blades. A documentary 
about the Panamanian 
Salsa singly songwriter^ 
who win be performing hi ' 
this country next month. 

10.30 The Gentle Sex* (1943) A 
semi-documentary abort a 
group of ATS recruits from 
various backgrounds 
during their trairmig. 
Directed by Leslie 

1215 Film: Seeds of Destiny* - 
(1946) The T946 Academy 
documentary dealing with 
the plight of victims of ■ 
Nazi Germany's policy of 
systematic starvation. The 
narrator is Ralph Bellamy. 
Directed by David Miffer. 
ends at 1240. 

Change (new series) 
Chnstopner Lee examines 
the events that led to die 
birth of NATO in 1949(1) 
Stalin: NATO's architect? 

11.15 In Committee. The work 
of Parliament's Select 

12X30 News; Weather. 

1243 Shipping. 

VHF (Available in England and 
S Wales only) as above 

except 545-6 XIOam Weather; 
Travel. 7XX3-8XJ0 Open 
University: 7XH3 Nitrogen end 
the Haber Process 740 
Diderot and Pleasure 7.40 The 
Oil Game 4XX3-B.OO 
Options: 4XK3 Mexican 
Journey 440 Plato to Nato 
5X30 World makers 540 Get 

Widlaks ancf Valerie 
Singleton, includes a 
report on anew 
warehouse and factory 
floor stocking policy that is 
producing remarkable 

7.15 Nature introduced by Tony 
Soper with lain Guest. The 
coypu trappers of the 
Louisiana swamplands are 
feeling the pinch with their 
prey railing Hi value; and 
Jeremy Cnerfas previews 
the latest creation of a 
biologist who specialises 
in wildlife films. 

7-45 The World About Us: 
Ffymg Round Atone. The 
story of Australian Dick 
Smitti's epic single- 
handed round the world 
flight by helicopter. Filmed 
by the pilot himself with 
spontaneous commentary 
as he crossed some of the 
earth’s most inhospitable 
regions during which the 
temperature in the cockpit 
varied from -20F to over 
1 0OF. (Ceefax) 

8.35 Close Harmony for Whit 

Church Cathedral, Oxford. 
The Cathedral Choir sing a 
song by Henry VIII: an 
Kyrie by John Taverner; an 
anthem by Henry Purcell; 
and part of Sir William 
Walton's The Twelve. 

945 Growing for Gold Peter 
Seabrook talks to some of 
the gardeners exhibiting at 
this week's Chelsea 
Rower Show. 

10X30 Rim: Ode to BHy Joe 

— (1976) starring Robby 

Benson and (Slynnis 
O'Connor. The season of 
films' new to teievison 
continues until this 
. romantic drama, inspired 
by a song made popular 
" by Bobbie Gentry. 
Seventeen year old Billy is 
attracted to a girt younger 
than himself but her 
parents forbid them to 
meet. They continue their 
relationship in secret until 
Bobby confesses to her 
that he cannot make love 
to her because of a 
homosexual affair with an 
older man. Directed by 
Max Baer. Ends at1140. 

1215 BBC SO in Lausanne: 
with Pritchard 
conducting, and Szeryng 

(violin). Peter Maxwell 

Davies (St Thomas Wake, 
Beethoven (Violin 
Concerto), Strauss 
symphonic poem Tod 
und verklarung) 

200 Dohnanyi; Anthony 
Rhapsodies, Op 11 
240 Manon: Massenet's five- 
act opera, sung in 
French. Rude! conducts 


Radio 2 

Radio 3 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

645 Weather. 7X30 News 
7X35 Franck and his Circle: 

Franck (Sonata in A: 
Periman/Ashkenazy), Lekeu 
(Chanson de Mai, Las 
Perots: LaPlanteXaritone). 
d'lndyfla foret 

8X30 David Munrow with Early 
Music Consort of 
London. Including works by 
Telemann (Suita in A - 
minor). Busatti. Leonnih, 
Bmchoir and Ercoie 
Porta. 9X30 News 
9X305 Your Concert Choice: 

Purcell (First and 
second musics and 
overture, Faky Queen). 
Schubert (Sonatina in A 
minocMdanova and 

I pplp p 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the hour. Headlines 
740am. Sports Desks 1202pm, 
10.02 Cricket Scoreboard 

440am Martin Stanford (s) 6.00 
Steve Truelove (s) 740 Roger 
Royte says Good Morning 
Sunday, and meets Donna Summer 
(s) 9.05 Melodies For You (s) 

11X30 Desmond Carrington (s) 
200pm Stuart Han's Sunday 
Sport 640 Charlie Chester #45 
Rhyme and Reason 8.00 Just 
William (Wrilram Davies) 840 
Sunday Half-Hour from Mutley 
Baptist Church. Plymouth 9X30 Your 
Hundred Best Tunes (Alan 
Keith) 10X35 Songs From the 
Shows (BBC Radio Orchestra) 

1040 Jazz Score. Benny Green, 
Ronnie Scott. Humphrey 
Lyttelton, John Barnes and George 
Chisholm 11X30 Sounds of Jazz 
l p 0to[Ciaytpn) l.0Oam Nick Page 
(S) 3.00-440 A Little Night 
Music (s) 


Regional 7T; on facing page 

4X30 News; The Food 
Programme. Derek 
Cooper hears about the 
undernourished in the 
lands of plenty. 

440 The Natural History 

Programme. With Fergus 
Keennqand Lionel Kefleway. 
5X10 Newsnravel 
5X35 Indian Tales of the RaL 
Roshan Seth on what me 
Indians thought of the British 
rad their legacies (4) Quit 

, 545 Joyous Days in the 
Desert Cherie Lunghi 
reads from the letters and 
writings of Janet Ross 
who went to Alexandra In 
1861 (r). 540 Shipping. 

545 Weather. 

6XK3 News 

6.15 Weekend woman's Hour 
with Sally FeWman. 

7X30 No Highway. Nevfl 
Shuttfs novel (2) 

8.00 Bookshelf, with Hunter 

840 The Monarchy in Britain. 

The future of the 

9X30 News The Oldest Ally. 
Robert Graham 

assesses tt» impact of 
Portugal's post-war 
revolution In 1974. 

940 Six Men. Anne Brown 
fatal to rock singer fra 

Dury. 945 Weateen Travel 
10X30 News 
1115 NATO, A Time for 

• Osborne (Alba), York Hotter 

11.40 Jorge Boiet piano. Four 
Chopin Waltzes, in 


00am As Radio 2. 













k I 




























England down 
to earth for 
a real preview 

From Stuart Joses. Football Correspondent Colorado Springs 

Boi??'- Robson is about to 
take a tlru! look at the pieces 
of his England jigsaw. He will 
spread them out in the Colise- 
um in Los Angeles this after- 
noon. see how they all Hi in 
the burning heat against the 
World Cup hosts from Mexico 
and trust that the picture will 
be complete. 

So far England have beaten 
the local Air Force 11-0 in 
front of a scattering of specta- 
tors. and their fellow- finalists 
from South Korea 4-1 in front 
of an audience of several 
thousand. They were valuable 
and. as it turned out. highly- 
encouraging outings in Colo- 
rado Springs, but they were 
not of any substantial 

Today it will be different 
England, having descended 
from the Rocky- Mountains, 
will step for the first time into 
an atmosphere that will be a 
genuine dress rehearsal for 
their opening lie against Por- 
tugal in Monterrey in little 
over a fortnight and against 
opponents who are sure to 
provide a realistic gauge 

The crowd is expected to be 
about 70.000. Half of them 
will be supporting the Mexi- 
cans. who have never lost in 
the city that has become their 
second home. Their most 
recent victory in a heavy 
programme of some 70 prac- 
tice matches over the last two 
years was against Hamburg. 2- 
0. 10 days ago. 

Robson himself feels that 
Mexico will be “strong semi- 
final possibilities** in then- 
own country next month and 
he recalled' how successful 
they were in their own tourna- 
ment last summer. Without 
their most influential forward, 
Sanchez. Real Madrid's lead- 
ing goal scorer, they drew 1-1 
with Italy and beat England 1- 
0 and West Germany 3-0. 

Today's game, which was 
supposed to be a gentle run- 
around against Guadalajara, 
has become a serious threat to 
England's unbroken nm of 

England line-np 

P Shflton (Southampton); V Ander- 
son (Arsenal), T Butcher (Ipswich). 
A Hartai (west Ham United), K 
Sansom (Arsenal): G HodtSe 
(Tottenham Hotspur), B Robson 
(Manchester United, c aptain ), R 
Wffldns (AC Mflan); P Beardsley 
(Newcastle United), M Hateley (AC 
Mian). C Waddie (Tottenham 
Hotspur) or J Baines (Watford). 

triumphs which stretches back 
over the last 10 months. Since 
the defeat against Mexico last 
June. Robson's side have won 
six of their subsequent match- 
es and drawn the other two. 

Although he states that a 
loss “would do very little 
damage to our confidence”, 
the psychological advantage of 
maintaining their sequence, 
and thus their morale, is 
important. “We are not even 
thinking about losing 
anyway.” be said before an- 

nouncing his squad at 10 

o'clock yesterday morning. 

The lone problem con- 
cerned the health of Hateley. 
Suffering from a slight ham- 
string strain he galloped 
around the lake and lies in the 
middle of the ground of the 
hotel in Colorado in order to 
prove his fitness. He did so 
and Lineker, waiting impa- 
tiently in the wings, was 
belatedly withdrawn from the 
passenger list 

Hodge, who damaged an 
ankle in the match against 
Scotland last month and twist- 
ed it again when he came on 
against the South Koreans last 
Wednesday, was ruled out. 

.Anderson again fills the role 
of Stevens in a defence that 
otherwise is expected to start 
against the Portuguese. It 
includes Shilton, - Butcher, 
Martin and Sansom. The mid- 
field of Hoddle, Bryan Robson 
and Wilkins, so dazzling three 
days ago, remains unchanged 
and should continue to be so 
as long as Hoddle's knee 
stands up to the strain. 

Dixon has scored five goals 
in his two second-half appear- 
ances here so far “which is 
gpod for him, me and 
Hateley”. Robson said. But 
the attack will be formed by 
either Waddle or Barnes, 
Hateley and Beardsley. It is 
Newcastle United's Beardsley 
who is threatening to be the 
surprising piece in the En- 
gland jigsaw. 

Spurs finally get their man 

From CCve White 

Despite some determined 
defending by Luton. Totten- 
ham Hotspur succeeded in 
prising them open yesterday 
to achieve their goal — David 
Pleat, one of the game’s most 
respected and enterprising 
managers. So came together 
the perfect pair, both sharing 
the same aspirations — success 
with style. 

The parting of the ways with 
Luton was painful and expen- 
sive. like all divorces. David 
Evans, the Luton chairman, 
spent four hours yesterday 
morning trying to persuade 
Pleat to stay. Pleat, who had 
been at Kenilworth Road for 
nearly nine years as manager 
and three years as a player, 
was close to tears after his 
derision was announced. Lu- 
ton have requested £250,000 
in compensation. 

“It's nothing to do with 
money, but I am at a time in 
my career when I should raake- 
a move to test myself. I am 
sticking by my first gut feeling 
that this is the right time. If the 
Tottenham board are as good 
as this board and this chair- 
man I can’t go wrong,” Pleat 

The attraction of joining 
one of the most famous clubs 
in the world and one which 
has always put quality first 
was too much to resist Along 
with Manchester United they 
are probably the only clubs in 
the country who lose support 
by winning without panache. 
Pleat who is 41. said: “Spurs 
are one of the very few clubs 
who could take me away. I 
have always admired them. 

Luton were believed to have 
offered Pleat an improved 
contract He was previously 
on a five year roll-on contract 
and was a director of the club. 
John Smith, the executive 
director, said: “We were 
scrapping all the way to the 
very end trying to get him to- 
change his mind. Pleat who 
had asked for an extra 24 
hours to consider the move, 
had rejected all previous ap- 
proaches. notably from 
Queen’s Park Rangers after 
Alan Mullery was dismissed 
and recently one from a 
leading foreign dub. Arsenal 
were also believed to have 
approached him to succeed 
Don Howe. 

Instead Pleat succeeds Peter 
Shreeve. who was dismissed ( 
on Tuesday less than two 
years after bis appointment 

along with his assistant John 
Pratt who had been with the 
club for 18 years. Pleat follows 
such great postwar Tottenham 
managers as Arthur Rowe and 
Bill Nicholson, the manager of 
the great double winning side 
of 1960-61. 

Pleat has taken Trevor 
Hartley, the Luton coach, with 
him. John Moore, Luton’s 
reserve team coach, takes over 
as assistant manager at Kenil- 
worth Road. One naturally 
fears for the future of the small 
Bedfordshire club, which 
Pleat has painstakingly rebuilt 1 
over the years into one of the 
most attractive sides in the 
country. But they remain ad- 
venturous and ambitious as 
can be seen by their desire to 
find a new stadium. 

Evans said that there were 
four names on the short list to 
take over from Pleat, three 
from within the club. They are 
believed to be, Moore. John 
Faulkener, a previous Luton 
player and Steve Foster, the 
current captain. “We won't 
poach a manager as Spurs did 
to us. That’s out of order,” 
Evans said. He dismissed 
ideas that Brian Horton and 
Malcolm Macdonald, both 
former players, were among, 
the candidates. 


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Yamaha in 
a hurry 
at practice 

From Michael Scott 

Eddie Lawson, of the Unit- 
ed States, and Rob McElnea, 
of Britain, who both ride for 
the Works Mariborough- 
Yamaha team.dominaled ear- 
ly practice for the Italian 
Grand Prix here on Sunday. 
Their Rothmans Honda rival 
and the championship leader, 
Wayne Gardner, a close third. 

But it was the absence of 
Freddie Spencer, the reigning 
world champion and Honda 
team leader, that caused the 
biggest stir. Spencer stayed ar 
home in Louisiana, receiving 
treatment for the tendonitis 
that eliminated him from the 
Spanish Grand Prix —and it is 
not certain whether be will be 
fit to race again in time to 
defend his title. 

“Manipulation to his right 
wrist may have him fit for 

nexi week's German Grand 
Prix.” a team spokesman said. 
“If not. he will need an 
operation, which will put him 
out for six weeks.” By then 
Spencer would have missed 
six out of 1 1 races, and the title 
would almost certainly be out 
of his grasp. 

Gardner, winner of the 
Spanish Grand Prix, was the 
early leader in practice on his 
V4 Honda, but was narrowly 
displaced yesterday afternoon 
by the Yamaha pair. McElnea, 
who produced his best-ever 
practice position, said: “I am 
gening used to the Yamaha, 
and feeling happier on it every 

Lawson (US. Yamaha), 1mm 
50.50S6C: 2, R McQnea (GB, 
Yamaha). 150.86; 3. W Gardner 
(Aus, Honda). 15053; 4, R Mamota 
(US, Yamaha). 131.02: 5, M Bal- 
dwin (US, Yamaha). 1:5125; 6. C 
Sarron (Fr, Yamaha). 1:51.36. 



• wi. .. -/-I II Mh 

Heading for home; Scottish Reel holds off Teleprompter to win the Lockutge Stakes at Newbury yesterday (Photograph: 

Ian Stewart) Raring, pages 36-37 - . 


Safety the 

policy for 

By John Blmsden 

In the aftermath of the fatal 
accident to EDo De Angriis, 
more concern has been ex- 
pressed about the shortcom- 
ings of existing emergency 
arrangements and medical fa- 
cilities than for many weeks, 
even months, prior to the 
tragedy. Unfortunately this is 
all too often the case — 
motorway madness, for exam- 
ple, rarely makes the head- 
lines until it contributes to a 
catastrophe. Then, after a 
while, it is forgotten 
— — l tfl the next major 


Australia invited to renew 
links with South Africa 

By David Hands, Rugby Correspondent 

Daring the past two days 
grand prix drivers have been 
quoted as advocating a boycott 
of the Belgian Grand Prix next 
week antes their demands for 
improved safety standards are 
listened too. Such a reaction is, 
perhaps, understandable in 
moments of distress, though 
not really logicaL The first 
concern, surely, mast be to 
secure the best possible emer- 
gency facilities 
There has also been a 
suggestion that FISA, as the 
sports governing body, should 
be responsible for laying down 
minim mu standards for test 
sessions. Bat why and bow 
shook! they be? Private testing 
is precisely that — private. It is 
conducted as the result of an 
arrangement between a team 
and a tirarit owner. It is up to 
that team to specify the cover- 
age required, the circuit to 
provide it and the team to pay 
for it. 

When, as occnred this week, 
a multi-team test facility is 
hud oo, the arrangements are 
asually coordinated by FOCA, 
the constructors’ association, 
but die same principal applies. 
A participating team frill (or 
should) be aware of the facili- 
ties laid on and will either 
accept these; or arrange for 
supplementary support to be 
provided and pay for it 
The best policy for the 
driver, therefore, is to ensure 
that their own team at all 
tunes provides a realistic and 
acceptable level of emergency 
support and facilities whether 
they are competing in the' 
public arena or taking part in 
the frequently more hazardous 
pursuit of testing on an other- 
wise deserted circuit. 


The odds are still against 
John McEnroe playing at 
Wimbledon despite the fact 
that his name has appeared on 
an entry list submitted by the 
ATP to the All-England Club 
(Richard Evans writes). That 
list was compiled last Septem- 
ber and the ATP are honour- 
bound to keep McEnroe's 
name on it as the former 
champion has not officially 

-However until the baby 
which Tatum O’Neal is ex- 
pecting towards the end of 
next week arrives, McEnroe 
himself bas absolutely no idea 
of what he intends to do. It is 
still - possible that he will 
surprise everyone and even 
play in the French Open. 

Sad McGrain 

Danny McGrain, captain of 
Celtic, has been left contem- 
His football future, 
after being turned down as 
player/manager, by the Scot- 
tish first division club Airdrie. 
McGrain, a Scottish interna- 
tional. is highly experienced 
and the decision comes as a 
surprise, particularly as he was 
approached by one of the 
club's directors with an often 

The South African Rugby 
Board (SARB), at present 
helping to host an unofficial 
New Zealand rugby team, 
yesterday extended an invita- 
tion to the Australian Rugby 
Union (ARU) to tour after 
next year's world tournament 
In doing so they are flying 
straight in the face of the 
Australian government which 
have recommended for many 
years that national sporting 
teams should avoid contact 
with South Africa. 

The SARB. with studied 
politeness, have followed the 
recommendations of the In- 
ternational Rugby Football 
Board (IRFB), at their meet- 
ing last month, by offering a 
13-match tour incorporating 
three internationals during 
July and August 1987. They 
have in mind too, the possibil- 
ity that if Australia accept they 
may come as the new world 
champions since it is generaly 
agreed that New Zealand, 
Australia and France are fa- 
voured to win the inaugural 
world tournament 

Australia have not visited 
South Africa since 1969 (when 

they lost all four internation- 
als) while the last official 
contact between the two coun- 
tries was in 1971 when the 
Springboks were unbeaten on 
a 13-match tour of Australia. 
Since then, while die British 
Isles. Ireland and New Zea- 
land have maintained contact, 
only individuals have found 
their way from Australia to 
South Africa as members of 
invitation sides. 

However, there is a growing 
body of opinion within Aus- 
tralian rugby circles that con- 
tact should' be resumed and 
while it is unlikely that any 
definite answer to the South 
African invitation will be 
forthcoming in June, when the 
ARU next meet, there may be 
a strong ground swell from 
leading players and adminis- 
trators in favour of the tour 

Asked about the chances of 
the tour going Danie 

Craven, the president of the 
SARB, said: “The Australian 
Rugby Union will accept the 
invitation but I don’t know 
what their government will 

Antipathy between govern- 

ments and governed is not 
restricted (if we believe opin- 
ion polls and by-election re- 
sults) to 'this country.The 
Australian goveramment 
have already warned the ARU 
about resuming contact with 
South Africa and it may be 
that, if they wished, they could 
impose difficulties upon the 
Australian organizers of the 
World Cup, scheduled for 
next May and June in Sydney. 
Brisbane and New Zealand 
When the IRFB drew up a 
new schedule of tours last 
month. South Africa was allot- 
ted visits by Scotland (1988) 
and Wales ( 1 990) and a tour to 
Scotland and Ireland in 1990. 
With the immense interest 
created by the current unoffi- 
cial tour of the New Zealand 
Cavaliers, the SARB obvious- 
ly believe that is too long to 
wait and seek to fill the 
touring ff*p left next summer 
following the world tourna- 
ment — to which they are not a 
party. Who is to say that m 
the current dimate and with 
the IRFB countries manifestly 
at odds among themselves, 
that they will not get their way. 


Da Costa thrives in the heat 

From Jenny MacArthur; Jerez de la Fraotera, Spain 

Manuel Malta da Costa, of 
Portugal, wasted little time in 
collecting his first win at the 
Spanish Nations Cup meeting 
here yesterday. He and the 
French-bred Iratus Magali fin- 
ished nearly two seconds 
ahead of the Spaniard. San- 
chez Aleman, on Lobato in the 
opening speed class which, 
with 90 participants, ran for 
almost four hours in unrelent- 
ing heat 

Da Costa, who is in the 
Portuguese team for 
Monday’s Nations Cup event, 
said he had not thought be had 
gone particularly fast on the 
14-year-old gelding, who is by 
the Aga Khan’s racehorse, 
Araarpour. “I think it was the 
others who were not very 
quick,” he said. Da Costa has 
been based in Chantilly, 
France, since what he referral 
to as ’‘Portugal's little 

Michael Whitaker and his 
reliable speed horse. Next 


Courtway, were the quickest 
of the six British riders. They 
finished fourth — much to 
Whitaker’s surprise who 
thought be had gone fester. 
“What happened?” he asked 
his elder brother, John, 

John, who had eight faults 
on St Mungo, had his mind on 
other things. He is worried 
about his top horse. Next 
Hopscotch, who had a tem- 
perature on arrival here oh 
Wednesday night after the 
five-day journey. “I think we 
expect too much of the bones 
sometimes,” he said, “expect- 
ing them to be on form after 
all that travelling and with just 
one day’s rest ” He was unde- 
cided whether be would jump 
Hopscotch in today’s grand 

Nick Skelton had a slow, 
careful round - on Raffles 
Airbourne, whom he only 
decided to bring out at the last 
minute. He thought the show 

would be a good practice for 
the eight-year-old gelding 
who had a seven-week lay-off 
after being kicked on the off- 
hind at the beginning of 

• Malcolm Pyrah thought 
that the several sharp turns 
into big spread fences mi 
yesterday’s course would not 
suit his top-speed horse Sea 

made light work of the course 
until the first part of the final 
double which they had down. 

David Bowen, who is in 
some pain after bruising his 
ribs by walking into an iron 
bar just before coming out 
here, hit die second fence on 
Hawk and Kelly Brown on 
Springlight had a foot in the 

RESULTScHoM Jm md com- 
1. tabs Magas (M da Costa. 
0 faults in 5S7ac 2. LobHD (S 
•point 0, 6030; 3. Fty Away (L 
Boxy. AramM. 0. BOSS: 4. lint 
Courtway (M WMtahef), 0 61 £2. 

Angry Fellows Title return 

* . Rmn fAPI — II i« ne 

Walsall supporters are plan- 
ning High Court action in 
their fight to prevent the dub 
moving to share Birmingham 
City’s St Andrews Ground. 
Roy Whafley, a Walsall share- 
holder, who wants the club to 
continue playing at Fellows 
Park, was talcing legal advice 
yesterday hoping to start High 
Court action to prevent the 
Football League considering 
the ground-sharing scheme 
next Thursday. He wains the 
matter to be discussed at a full 
meeting of shareholders be- 
fore the League is asked to 
make a decision. 

Magri bonus 

Charlie Magri will share a 
purse of SSOOOO (£32^00) if 
he can beat the British fly- 
weight champion Duke 
McKenzie in their title bout at 
Wembley on Tuesday. Magri, 
the European champion, or 
McKenzie, have been lined up 
to meet 1984 Olympic fly- 
weight champion mil Gonza- 
lez in July. 

Mottram’s role 

Busier Mottram. who has 
been a frequent critic of Lawn 
Tennis Association policy, has 
been asked to manage a young 
" British team for the first time. 
Mottram is in charge of an 
under- 18 squad to take part in 
an Internationa] Tennis " 
don junior woiid-rankina tour- 
nament in Berlin this 1 

Reno (AP) — It is possible 
that the World Boxing Coun- 
cil (WBC) would sanction a 
world middleweight title bout 
between Marvelous Marvin 
Hagler and Sugar Ray Leon- 
ard even though Leonard, now 
in retirement, does not have a 
ranking. “My feeling is that he 
doesn't need to do this, " said 
Jose Suiaiman. president of 
the WBC. . 

Chance for youth 

Peter Jeremicfa. the Crystal 
palace basketball player, is 
organizing a competition to be 
known as the London S umm er 
Basketball League, for individ- 
uals over the age of 18, or teams 
(Nicholas Hading writes). Any- 
one wining to rub shoulders 
with several National 
players, who have indicated* 
their willingness to play, should 
contact Jeremich on 01-798 
2122 before May 23. The league 
will run on successive Saturdays 
between June 7.and July 5 at the 
Queen Mother Sports Centre in 

Final in Prague 

The European Athletic 
Association announced yes- 
terday that the !987EuropaCup 
A Group final will' be held in' 
Prague on June 27 to 28. The 
1988 European. Indoor 
championships will be staged at 
Budapest from February^} to 
21 while the European Mara- 
thon Clip has been switched 
from 1987 to either April 30 or 
May 1 1988. 


Ipswich pass 
their first 

By Joyce Whitehead 

Ipswich and Glasgow West- 
ern won iheir first marches in 
Uuecht yesterday in the Euro- 
pean Cup for duo champions. 

Ipswich owed their fine 5-0 
wm against Cwmtawe (Wales) 
to a three goals from Helen Brav 
and two penalty goals by Gift 
Allen. Ipswich's passing se- 

S es. especially between 
.Webb, Bray, witee and 
uaiiagher, were a feature of their 
game. Thar possession play was 
better than any seen in Engla**) 
for years. In the firet half they 
had most of the play against an 
unruled Cwmtawe team who 
neM them toa tingle goal at haff 

Moira Msdeod was outstand- 
'“d* G>asgo w team who 
&?™ dawn (Northern Jrc- 
5?? u l ; S*"* v *y even at the 
start, but Glasgow pressed hard 
and seized then- opportunities 
alter tiie interval with gn»k 

and Dorothy Aitken, with Lou- 
-IrelsmA 00 SCoring for Northern 

Today Ipswich will play 
Russian who 

showed their strength with a 5-0 
win against Leverku,' 



0- kwjrtcn 5. Cmnawe O 
Ponadown t. 

Case for 




The England party fey the 
two Texaco Trophy one-day 
f f « t y» pnrinwak a pintf India, 
ctetisting of 14 players, will 
he tomorro w . The 

matches are on May 24 and 

There has been so Km? 
unmtexr&pted cricket this sea- 
son, because of the weather, 
that few players have had 
nsich of a chance to strengthen 
their claims. One of those who 
has done so, thrash, is D9fey. 
At 26, which he becomes 
tomorrow, be is altogether 
mere mature than when last 
sees is the En glan d team, in 
Faisalabad in March, 1934, 
and he has made an excellent 
recovery from a neck 
op era tio n . 

Towards the end of last 
season u England, he was 
showing signs of coming back 
into fora, and he is reported to 
have bowled weO for Natal 
during the winter, not only 
when taking seven for 63 
a gainst Tran sv aa l in Johan- 
nesburg. It is good news, too, 
that fee is coming in off a much 
shorter ran. 

With the selectors looking 
for changes from the side that 
failed in the West Indies, 
Dflley may well be back. Bat 
first they have certain more 
Specific questions to consider. 
Should they persevere with 
Robinson? Has the time cook 
to replace Downten? And what 
dost Botham? 

Habit rather than 

If Gower was the only 
batsman to have anything like 
a good series in the Wot 
Indies, bo one had a worse one 
than Robinson. On the other 
hand, against India and New 
Zealand this summer, and in 
Australia next winter, there 
seems no reason why he 
should not do as well as be did 
against India and Australia in 
1985. On the strength of his 
first 10 Test matches (934 
runs; average 62.26) rather 
than his last four (72 runs; t 
average 9.00), be wifl probably 
start off again now as Gooch's 
partner. His weakness against 
fast bowling, arising from the 
way he plays back, is not, I 
think, the result of apprehen- 
sion so much as habit. 

Gower’s appointment as 
captain wifl have unproved 
Dowaton's prospects of hold- 
tng his place. Biot it must net 
be long before a better wicket- 
keeper Is brought in, and these 
one-day Internationals' might 
be a good time to see bow 
Rhodes shapes np. One of the 
ideas of tie B torn* to Sri 
Lanka was to find out who was 
worth either early promotion 
or possible re-indusiou, and 
from ail accounts he did 
especially wefl. Looking ahead 6 
to Australia next winter, a 
pairing of Down too and 
Rhodes most be on the cards. 

It is being said that the 
selectors should decide now 
whether they think England 
would be a better side in 
Australia next winter without 
Botham, and that if they do. he. 
should be dropped forthwith. 

In other words, ff his captain Is 
not strong enough to handle 
him. leave him out That would 
seem to me to be very unfair. 

Still capable of 
phenomenal deeds 

As Botham has shown al- 
ready this season, be is still 
capable of phenomenal deeds, 
and if his poor record a*ainrt 
Australia were to be held 
against him, the same yard- 
stick would have to be used by 
which to judge the ethers. 

As holders of the world cop, 
and the winners of last year's 
jamboree in A ustra lia, India 
are not to be trifled with as 
one-day opponents. England 
want to beat them — and are 
more likely to do so with 
Botham in the side. 

Had David Smith began the 
season well, he would obvions- 
Jy he poshing for a place. His 
halting in the second of the 
Trinidad Test matches early 
last month angnred welL In 
that form, he might have 
ousted Lamb, whose Test 
record needs a boost. Since 
hatting so staunchly against 
West Indies two summers ago. 
Lamb has had rather a thin 
time of it (721 runs in 25 Test 
inning s; average 31; top score 
67). and the selectors will want 
to beware of a dosed shop. 

fney know that if they start 
by picking, en the old 
batting guard — that is. Gooch, 
Gower, Gatting, 
Lamb and Botham — the 
«J“«s are they trill have 
them for the season. But I 
expect they will, and the same 
tan dozen players did En- 
gland marvellously well 
spamrt Australia last year. 
For these Texaco matches, 
Fowler, Slack. A they or Chris- 
topher Smith might be added. 
In the winter the West 
were saying that England tod 
feu out their best batsman, by 
which, of course, they meant 
Boycott; bat nothing much is 
befog heard of him at the 

John Woodcock