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for talks 

Preparations to enable 
Labour government to reopen 
negotiations with Argentina 
about the future of the Falk- 
land Islands, including their 
sovereignty, have been recom- 
mended by an internal party 

The [dans, which include a 
public campaign to emphasize 
the heavy financial burden of 
the present Fortress Falklands 
policy and its da mage to 
British relations with the rest 
of Latin America, envisage the 
possibility of talks between 
Labour leaders and the island- 
ers before the next general 

Their purpose would be to 
convince the Falklanders of 
Labour’s determination to ob- 
tain effective guarantees for 
their way of life 

The confidential report, 
which calls for an immediate 
restoration of diplomatic rela- 
tions with Argentina, makes 
no definitive proposal on the 
form of the future status of the 
. Falklands but suggests consid- 
eration of four — United 
Nations trusteeship and joint 
administration; shared sover- 
eignty; dual nationality with a 
distinction between sover- 
eignty over peoples and sover- 
eignty over' territory; and 

The present situation is not 
in the interests of the island- 
ers, it concludes. 

The report has gone to 
Labour's Shadow Cabinet af- 
ter being approved by foe 

By Philip Webster, Pofitical Reporter 

Parliamentary Labour Party’s 
foreign affairs committee, mid 
seems certain to become party 
policy. U is foe work of Mr 
George FbuRes, MP for Gar- 
rick, Cumnock a nd Doan 
Valley and foe party's front- 

in any 

Mr Foulkes: author of the 
party Internal report. 

bench spokesman on Latin 

It states: “The 

Government's attitude to- 
wards the Falklands and Ar- 
gentina Is costing foe country 
about £550 m a year, and is 
damaging our defence 

“It is a policy which is 
alienating foe rest of Latin 
America and which no longer 
has the support of our allies in 
Europe or in the United 

Opinion surveys have 
shown an overwhelming de- 
sire for the resumption of 
diplomatic relations, renewed 
contacts and even 2 willing- 

ness to see a change in foe 
islands’ status, it states. 

The report appears likely to 
cause a political row, and 
provoke fierce opposition on 
the wflanriq. 

The Government’s policy 
since the Falklands conflict 
has been gradually to seek a 
nor malization of relations 
with Argentina, although it 
has repeatedly made plain that 
foe sovereignty of foe Mauds 
is not up for discussion. 

The Labour repent says foe 
Government’s policy effec- 
tively involves a. veto for the 

Since 1982, foe report says, 
the Argentines have made 
dear that they are willing to 
offer guarantees to the island- 
ers and that respect must be 
given to theirway of fife; that 
tbeyseek a peaceful resolution 
of foe conflict; and that talks 
must involve dl aspects of the 
future, including sovereignty. 

But the report states that 
foil ure at least to begin talks 
with - the United -Kingdom 
would place strains . on Presi- 
dent Raoul: Alfonsm; talks 
would give a boost to Argen- 
tine democracy and President 
Alfonsuf s peaceful route. 

Labour's campaigning 
sbmrv. should emphasize foe 
enormous cost of the Falk- 
lands in terms of the strains on 
Britain's contribution to Nato 
and its relations with other 
latin Ameri can countries, the 
Government’s isolation on 
Continued oh page 20, col 8 


Barred from 

How will American 
fears of terrorism 
in Europe affect 
British tourist traps 
like Stratford? 

• The times Portfofio 
Gold daffy competition 
prize of £4,000 was 
shared yesterday by 
two readers. Details, 
pane 3 

• Portfofio list, page ' 
26; rules and how to 
play, information ser- 
vice, page 20 

y vtC rt 

Gandhi gloom 

Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Indian 
Prime Minister, said the fewest 
offensive against Tamil rebels 
indicated that Colombo was 
moving towards a 
solution to the conflictPiage 11 

April's public sector borrow- 
ing requirement was £*ol 
million against an expected 
£1.3 billion, raising hopes of a 
cut in interest rates Page 21 

• Your chance to win a 
weekend for tiro in New 
York by Concorde in The 
Times /DEC competition 
Page 3D 

Bone News 3-5 
Ottnw 7-11 

minims » 

Bridge 18 

Business 21-2? 
Cbss 2 

Cost 18 

Cuas w rit 143$ 
KWf * 

Earns . Hh 

Textures W-K 
Law Report 28 
Leaders 17 

Let tn* . 17 

OtfomrylS - 
Parliament f 

i S*T 36-« 

TV* Brim 39 

Weather » 

Wins m 



remain in Cabinet 

Sir Keith Joseph is expected Secretory of State 
to be replaced this week as 
Secretary of ikate for. Educa- 
tion and Science. But it is 
possible that in a limited 
reshuffle now expected-- on 
Thursday or Friday he win 
remain in the Cabinet as a 
minister without portfolio. . 

Sir Keith, who has an- 
nounced his ihtentiondfretiF- 
ing from foe Commons at the 
next election, is thought likely 
to be replaced by an existing 
member of the Cabinet, re- 
flecting the high priority at- 
tached by the Prime Minister 
to education. 

The front-runners are con- 
sidered to be Mr Kenneth 
Baker, Secretary of State for 
foe Environment, Mr Norman 
Fowler, Secretary of State for 
Social Services, Mr John 
MacGregor, Chief Secretary to 
foe Treasury, Mr Kenneth 
Clarke; foe I%ymaster Gener- 
al, and Mr Nicholas Ridley, 


The possibility of Sir Keith, 
one of Mrs Thatcher's closest, 
confidants, staying in foe Cab- 
inet as a minister without 
portfolio until his retirement 
is not ruled oat by Downing 
Street sources. 

Whitehall sources are pre- 
dicting that foe reshuffle; 
which Mrs Thatcher wants to 
complete before she leaves on 
a visit to Israel on Saturday, 
will be a. limited affair. . 

• If Mis Thatcher decides to 
an education secretary 
outside the Cabinet, the 
dear favourite would be Mr 
John Moore, Financial Secre- 
tary to the Treasury. Conser- 
vative MPs are hoping that 
she will lake the opportunity 

i lifll r lwngp< 

of foe consequen! 
in the junior ranks to bring in 
some new faces. 

Man in foe news, page 2 
Geoffrey Smith, page 4 

Chernobyl raises 
US safety fears 

From Christopher Thomas, Washington 
Alarming questions are be- enabled it to withstand pres- 


ing raised about US reactor 
desig n in the wake of the 
Chernobyl disaster. Far from 
being sloppily designed, stud- 
ies by Western experts indi- 
cate that the plant included 
highly sophisticated 
features, many of them, 
r to features in US' 

Technical literature about 
the plant has been distributed 
to US experts by foe CIA. It 
probably would not have met 
US standards in several criti- 
cal areas, but in general it 
seems to have been built to a 
very high safety specification. 

According to foe data, the 
number four reactor at 
Chernobyl was encased m 
heavy steel and concrete that 

sums, similar to those in many 
reactors in the USL 

Other safety features induct- 
ed a chamber of nitrogen 
around the reactor, duplicate 
and well-protected power ca- 
bles, and advanced control 

Dr Richard Wilson, Profes- 
sor ofPhysics at Harvard, said 
the huge water-pool in the 
basement was designed, as in 
US reactors, to sustain exces- 
sive pressures. 

*Tm just a little nervous 
that we have foe same design 
and it didn't work. This tells 
us something else went wrong, 
something that so for has been 
left out," he added. 
Controversy continues, page 7 
Spectrum, page 14 

yesterday's Sassex 

Somerset nutirh. (Photograph Chris Karris) 

Botham is 
dropped in 
first move 

ByJohn Goodbody 

The Test and Cenaty Crick- 
et Board yesterday withdrew 
Ian Botham from foe England 
team to meet India in two one- 
day internationals and wfll not 
piric foe Somerset aO-roonder 
again until a foil investigation 
is com pleted by its disciplin- 
ary committee. 

The action follows a signed 
article hr Mr Botham in The 
Mail On Sunday that he had 
been a casaal user of marijoa- 
na since he was 18. TbeTCCB 
yesterday convened an right- 
maa emergency meeting to 
decide Mr Botham's future. 

The decision is a blow to the 
career of England's most cele- 
brated cricketer. Mr Botham, 
aged 30, may now Cue a longer 
suspension from Test 
matehesJEfe was expected to 
be an automatic selection for 
foe matches against foe Indian 
tearing team. ' 

Before yesterday’s an- 
noaheement, he held a brief 
press conference in Hove 
where he was playing for 
Somerset against Snssex in 
their Benson & Hedges match. 

He said: “I do not know 
what all the fuss is about. I 
have said nothing different 
from six weeks ago or two 
years ago. 

**1 would have thought there 
were more serious things going 
on in the world - bombings, 

killings.' 1 He said he had 
received widespread support 
from spectators at yesterday's 

Mr Botham is to play for foe 
Rest of the World against foe 
Wed Indies at Edgtaston 
today, in a match for Sport 

John Woodcock, page 40 

Police use 
of CS gas 

By Anthony Bevins 
Political Correspondent ■ 

The Home Secretary has 
instructed police officers that 
plastic bullets or CS gas can be 
used only in cases that pose a 
threat to life or serious injury. 
The weapons can no longer be 
used in cases of public disor- 
der that threaten only wide- 
spread destruction of 

Mr Douglas Hurd said in a 
Commons written reply last 
night that new guidelines “set 
out very strict conditions for 
the use of foe equipment”. 

He added: “Plastic baton 
rounds have never been used 
in Great Britain and I very 
much hope that they will 
never need to be. 

“But it is dearly right that 
chief officers should have 
baton rounds and CS equip- 
ment available following the 
unprecedented ferocity of foe 
disorders last autumn." 

The Home Secretary also 
confirmed the outline of an 
announcement made last No- 
vember that if a police author- 
ity refuses to provide riot 
equipment, and where a re- 
quest is endorsed by foe 
Inspector of Constabulary, ba- 
ton rounds and gas canisters 
“will be provided from foe 
central store of equipment at 
Home Office expense". 

Previously foe guidelines, as 
announced by Mr William 
Whiielaw, Home Secretary in 
October 1981, after the 
Brixton and Toxteth distur- 
bances, said that CS or baton 
rounds could be used “only as 
a last resort where conven- 
tional methods of policing 
have been tried and 

Renewed calls for economic sanctions 

Pretoria attacks 

provoke outrage 

• Sooth Africa faced an international 
barrage of criticism for its raids into 
Botswana, Zambia and Zimbabwe 

• Economic sanctions were urged after 
the attacks wrecked the Commonwealth 
peace mission. Page 7 

By Nicholas Ashford, Diplomatic Correspondent 

The South African raids becoming a “terrorist slate", 
into Botswana. Zambia and he called for more support for 
Zimbabwe, which left at least foe ANC in its guerrilla war 

South Africa. One 

• Three people wore reported killed 
and the African National Congress 
office in Harare was destroyed 

• At least 10 men have died in clashes 
between rival groups of blacks In a 
squatter camp near Cape Town. Page 7 

three people dead and dozens 
injured, provoked an interna- 
tional barrage of criticism and 
new demands for economic 
sanctions yesterday — and 
sounded the death knell for 
foe Commonwealth peace 
mission to southern Africa. 

In Zambia, where two peo- 
ple were killed when two 
South African aircraft at- 
tacked foe Makeni refugee 
camp south of Lusaka, Presi- 
dent Kaunda described the 
raid as “dastardly, cowardly, 

He said the South African 
Government was “obviously 
frightened by foe progress 
which the Commonwealth 
group is making". They did 
not want to see the Common- 
wealth Eminent Persons 
Group succeed because ft 
would lead to foe end of 

The seven members of the 
Commonwealth team, who 
have been trying to promote a 
dialogue between blacks and 
whites in South Africa, had 
left l ngaVa for Cape Town 
only hours before the attack 
took place. 

In Lusaka they had held 
talks with leaders of the 
African National Congress. 
President Kaunda denied that 
the target of foe attack was an 
ANC base. 

In Harare, the Zimbabwean 
Prime Minister, Mr Robert 
Mugabe, told a press confer- 
ence that police had arrested 
four people suspected of in- 
volvement in twin attacks on 
an ANC office in the city 
centre and an ANC house in 
. the suburbs. ^ 

Accusing South Africa of 


person was injured during foe 
attacks, foe first by South 
Africa against Zimbabwe. 

In Botswana, where one 
civilian was killed and two 
critically injured. President 
Masire said the raids would 
lead to “a tremendous escala- 
tion of violence that is likely 
to lead to a brutal and 
senseless confrontation". 

In London Mr Shridafo 
Ramphal, the Commonwealth 
Secretary-General, said Pre- 
toria had “declared war 
against peace in southern 
Africa". He called an emer- 
gency meeting of the 
organization’s southern Africa 
committee to discuss the 

Sir Geoffrey Howe, the 
Foreign Secretary, deplored 
foe attack but British officials 
said it would not make Britain 
drop its opposition to eco- 
nomic sanctions. A senior 

South African diplomat was 
summoned to foe Foreign 
Office to explain the attack. 

Mr Neil Kinnock, foe La- 
bour leader, and Dr David 
Owen, leader of the Social 
Democratic Party, both called 
on the Government to impose 

One of foe strongest reac- 
tions came from Washington . 
where Mr Larry Speakes, the 
White House spokesman, de- 
nounced the South African 
attacks as outrageous and 

In The Hague a spokesman 
for foe EEC condemned the 
raids and other South African 
efforts to destabilize the 

The Organization of Afri- 
can Unity in Addis Ababa 
called for world pressure to 
prevent further South African 

Mission destroyed, page 7 
Sap for West, page 16 
Leading article, page 17 


Three die in pre-dawn raids 

From Michael Hornsby, Johannesburg 

At least three people were hours after foe Common- Botha had some explaining to 

wealth Eminent Persons 

reported killed and an un- 
known number injured in foe 
pre-dawn strikes. 

A suburban Harare home 
used by foe African National 
Congress (ANC) was levelled 
and foe party's city centre 
office destroyed in the first 
attack of its kind on 

Airborne troops stormed 
Mogaditsane village near 
Botswana's capital, Gaborone, 
killing one person and wound- 
ing another, witnesses said. In 
a raid on a camp outside the 
Zambian capital of Lusaka, 
two people died. 

The attacks came only 

Group (EPG), which is trying 
to mediate between Pretoria 
and foe ANC, had left Lusaka 
after weekend talks with ANC 
leaders, for Cape Town to 
resume discussions with foe 
South African Government 

The EPG’s activities remain 
shrouded in secrecy, but it is 
understood that the Common- 
wealth negotiators saw Mr 
R.F. “Pik" Botha, foe South 
African Foreign Minister, at 
about I Oam yesterday, by 
which time they must have 
been aware of the raids on 
neighbouring states. 

It can be presumed that Mr 


The news of foe raids 
caused uproar in Parliament 
in Cape Town. Two members 
of foe anti-apartheid Progres- 
sive Federal Party were or- 
dered to leave foe chamber by 
foe Speaker when they refused 
to withdraw remarks accusing 
the Government of “sabotag- 
ing the future of foe country". 

Extreme right-wing white 
parties, however, strongly wel- 
comed foe raids. 

First word of the attacks 
came in an announcement by 
the chief of foe Army, Lieuten- 

Contnmed on page 20, col 1 

PC ‘posed 
as killer 
for Sikhs’ 

The leader of four Sikhs 
accused of an ass ass in ation 
plot against Mr Rajiv Ghandi, 
foe Indian Prime Minister, 
during his state visit to Britain 
last year, tried to “hire” two 
undercover policemen posing 
as IRA gunmen to carry out 
foe killing for £60,000, Leices- 
ter Magistrates Co art was told 

During committal proceed- 
ings one policeman, known as 
“Detective Constable B'\ 
agreed that he told the Sikhs 
that he was the IRA man who 
had killed Mr Airey Neave, 
the Conservative spokesman 
on Northern Ireland who died 
in 1979 .. 

The police officer, an Irish- 
man, was accused by Mr 
James Wood, representing 
one of the four Leicester 
Sikhs, of acting as an “agent 

Details, page 3 

Growing frustration in war against the weeds 

By Robin Young 

There is one unasuaily real- 
istic display at the Chelsea 
Flower Show this year, ft s a 
weedy garden, and it was not 
achieved without difficulty. 

“We have had people grow- 
ing weeds for ns afl round foe 
aSafry", Mr Howard Rice, 


Consumers' Association mag- 
azine. says. “Weeds are real 
devils to work with beat ree 
mony nf them are such dedicate 
plants. They are all container 
grown and we had to raise 
some of them in greenhouses." 

The average gardener coaM 
prohaWy show a better crop of 

ing from Whudt? readers 
showed that seven, out, of ten 

Gardeners' enemies, left to right, oxalis, ground elder, hairy bittercress and bindweed 



reckoned they were 
battle to keep the 
their gudens under control. 

Almost half the nation's 
gardens harbour a vast net- 
work of the underground roots 
of ground elder dogging the 
herbaceous tenters^ and have 
bindweed.' creeping'- folder 

fences to strangle tire shrubs. 

One third are subject to flash 
crops of hairy bittercress 
which leap from germination 
to seed-scattering natality in 
weeks, and can cover a garden 
in days. 

As many gardeners fight an 
unequal battle against conch 
gross. Hand polling simply, 
promotes its spread, while 

creeping buttercups do not so 
much creep as race across the 
cultivated ground. Twenty 
nine per cent of the gardeners 
join the straggle aga i n st 
horsetail, whose roots go down 
to nnpiambabte depths, while 
common duckweed has more 
than quarter of the. errantry’s 
gardens at its mercy. 

Brambles toot wherever 
they toach ground and sting- 
ing nettles come hack taller 
than ever if they are chopped 
down. Both have firm foot- 
holds in 26 per cent of gardens. 
Eves the pretty pink oxalis 
infests more than a fifth. 

Of the top ten weeds only 
hairy bittercress is likely to 
succumb to conventional hand 
weeding and boeing. Bet Mr 
Roger Davies, the magazine's 
editor, says: “We are advising 
people who do not want to use 
chemicals that if they concen- 
trate on one area of foe garden 
at a time, and dear weeds 
absolutely every tune they 
show, they might eventually 
win in the end”. . 

Photograph, page 3 
On this day, page 17 
Show report, page 18 
Times and prices, page 20 

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Poor security checks at 
French port after 
Channel terrorist alert 

The stringent security mea- 
sures at British ports to pre- 

- vent a terrorist attack do not 
appear to be matched on the 
other side of the Channel — at 
least not at the hovercraft 

' terminal at Bologne. 

The two frontier police 
inspectors and two customs 
officers on duty there yester- 
day confessed that they did 
not have sufficient personnel, 
equipment or premises to 
conduct adequate checks. 

The officers demonstrated 
to The Times several ways in 
which a terrorist could plant a 
bomb on a hovercraft without 
being detected — or even 
boarding the vesseL 

U nlike their British coun- 
terparts, the French officers 
. had not been reinforced or 

- equipped with snifter dogs or 

- mirrors for examining the 
underside of vehicles. 

They said that security was 
stricter at the neighbouring 
Gare Maritime, where travel- 
lers had to pass through four 
separate checkpoints before 
boarding cross-channel fer- 
ries. Calais further up the 
coast was also said to have 
more security personnel. 

An inspector in the Police 
D’Air et Frontieres explained; 
“There is no real security belt 
It would be relatively simply 
for somebody to check in bis 
. baggage for a hoverfligbt and 
then simply to stroll away.” 

- “We said this terminal 
didn't provide adequate secu- 
rity facilities when it was 

By Gavin Bell 

opened in 1979, but nobody 
paid any attention,” a customs 
officer claimed. 

It was one of bis duties 
yesterday to check baggage 
being registered, but it was 
dearly a hopeless task for one 

“Ships are as vulnerable as 
aircraft At least we should 
have metal detector screens 
here like they have at 
airports,” he said. Clearly the 
French were focusing their 
attention on non-Europeans 
or anyone of Middle Eastern 
appearance. But as another 
customs officer pointed out: 
“A member of a European 
terrorist cell acting on behalf 
of an Arab group could pass 
through without arousing un- 
due suspicion.” 

He added that there were 
only 22 members of the PAF 
in Bologne, covering both the 
hoverpon and the ferry termi- 
nal. Only five were on duty 

The prospect of a terrorist 
attack did not unduly concern 
Captain Brian Smith of the 
hovercraft “Princess Anne" 
on flight 725 from Dover to 
Bologne. Capt Smith placed 
his confidence in the British 
Special Branch, whom he 
regarded as very efficient, and 
the design of his craft which he 
said made it virtually 

He said any explosion 
would have to destroy at least 
two-thirds of more than 100 
independent buoyancy cham- 

bers beneath the car deck 
before the vessel would be in 
any danger of capsizing. 

The crew was reminded 
before every flight be said, to 
check for anything suspicious 
and that other security precau- 
tions had been instituted. For 
example no fool passenger 
was permitted to leave the 
vessel until all vehicles aboard 
had been accounted for. The 
hovercraft was also searched 
thoroughly after each trip. 

Passengers' opinions, how- 
ever, were divided about the 
effectiveness of the security. 

Mrs Wooiston, from San 
Francisco, felt the security was 
“just fine” and when she 
returned to California she 
would tell her friends that they 
had been foolish to cancel 
their vacations in Britain. 

Mr Woolsion was less im- 
pressed. “They should take 
the same security precautions 
as they do at airports, which 
they didn't. We weren't 

A Special Branch officer at 
Dover said that despite some 
initial hiccups the operation 
was going well and he was 
satisfied the police surveil- 
lance was effective. 

A uniformed officer did 
approach The Times corre- 
spondent in the car park at 
Dover hoverport to inquire 
where he was going and to 
identify his vehicle. Surveil- 
lance across the Channel was 
more sympathique but 
perceptably less effective. 

MP urges end to 
GCHQ hearings 

By Colin Hughes, Whitehall Correspondent 

The Prime Minister was 
urged yesterday by an Opposi- 
tion spokesman to abandon 
disciplinary hearings against 
13 staff at GCHQ, Chelt- 
enham, who rejoined trade 
unions, despite accepting the . 
ban on union membership 
two years ago. 

The European Court is ex- 
pected to announce later this 
week whether it will consider 
legal action challenging the 
ban. Dr Oonagh McDonald, 
Labour spokesman on the 
Civil Service, said the Gov- 
ernment had “jumped the 
gun”, and “should at least 
have the decency to wait for 
that judgment”. She has writ-' 
ten to Mrs Margaret Thatcher 
asking her “to put a stop to 
these disciplinary hearings at 

The 13 accepted £1,000 and 
the new contract banning 
union membership at the 

secret communications cen- 
tre. They now face reprimand, 
fines, loss of privilege and 
promotion, or suspension for 
rejoining their unions. 

Only about 40 of the 1 1,000 
civil servants at the centre 
attended a demonstration yes- 
terday outside the gates, at 
which Mr John Sheldon, gen- 
eral secetary of the Civil 
Service Union, called the 
hearings a force. The Foreign 
Secretary has already said 
dismissal is inappropriate,” he 

The hearings which none of 
those charged are attending in 
person, will continue until 
early next week. The three- 
member internal inquiry pan- 
el will make recommend- 
ations to the principal 
establishment officer, who 
will decide on any action 
before the end of the month. 

Chess victory 
for US as 
Alburt wins 

By Raymond Keene 
Chess Correspondent 
Round four of the 
Klein wort Grieveson UK-US 
chess challenge produced a 
victory for the US, when they 
took 15 from three points. 

Britain's Jon Spedman lost 
to Lev Alburt on Saturday, 
and on Sunday, US junior 
Angela Chang won her first 
game against England's Cathy 
Haslinger, while Demis 
Hassapis (UK) and Alex 
Chang drew. 

Meanwhile, in Basel Swit- 
zerland. Gary Kasparov and 
Tony Mites resumed play in 
their adjourned second match 
game which Kasparov quickly 
won in the second session. 
Miles, England's number one 
Olympic player, refused sever- 
al opportunities in the first 
session to draw by perpetual 

Lords warning 
about EEC 
treaty changes 

By Sheila Gunn 
Political Staff 
Unpopular Common Mar- 
ket laws coukl be forced on 
Britain against the wishes of 
ministers by changes to the 
Treaty of Rome, a House of 
Lords' report says today . 

The Single European Act, 
which will allow more deci- 
sions to be taken in the EEC 
by majority voting, could also 
lead to the EEC gradually 
replacing the British 
Parliament's right to make 
laws, it predicted 
The report of the Lords' 
European Communities select 
committee concluded “The 
powers of the UK Parliament 
will be weakened by the Single 
European Act” 

House of Lords' Select Commit- 
tee on the European Commu- 
nities report on Single European 
Act ana Parliamentary Scrutiny 
(Stationery Office; £2.10 \ 




By Rodney Cowtim 
Defence Correspondent 

Lord Denning, former Mas- 
ter of the Rolls, has challenged 
the legality of the Gov- 
ernment's proposals for intro- 
ducing private management 
into the Royal Dockyards at 
Devonport and Rosyth. 

In an analysis of the propos- 
als in the Dockyard Services 
Bill now before Parliament, 
he says that the lawyers advis- 
ing the Government have 
“fallen into grievous error.” 
He has sent his analysis to 
Lord Trefgarne, Minister for 
Defence Support. In a cover- 
ing letter Lord Denning says 
that in the light of the opin- 
ions of the Ministry of De- 
fence lawyers he will decide 
whether to proceed with 
amendments to the Bill at the 
committee stage in the House 
of Lords. 

Last night, the ministry said 
it was considering Lord 
Denning's paper. 

Lord Denning says that in 
his view the Government's 
plan to divide the dockyards 
into two parts, covering the 
assets and the workforce, is 
defective in law in two funda- 
mental respects. 

The Government base as- 
sumed that the transfer of the 
workforce at the Royal Dock- 
yards will be governed by the 
Transfer of Undertakings 
(Protection of Employment) 
Regulations 1981 and “that 
they coukl manipulate those 
provisions to suit their book. 

“But in my opinion those 
1981 regulations have no ap- 
plication at all to this case. 
They only apply to the transfer 
of an undertaking which is ‘in 
the nature of a commercial 
venture'. They do not apply to 
the dockyard undertaking be- 
cause it is 'not in the nature of 
a commercial undertaking.' 

“It is a Crown undertaking 
financed by the taxpayer and 
makes neither profits nor 
losses. It is not 'commercial' 
in the least” 

A Sogat member making his point at yesterday's mass meeting to discuss the Wapping dispute. 

Dean accused of Wapping ‘sellout’ 

By Michael McCarthy 

Miss Brenda Dean, the gen- 
eral secretary of the printing 
union Sogat '82, came under 
fierce attack yesterday from 
her own members over her 
handling of the Wapping 

At a mass meeting in Cen- 
tral Hall Westminster, of the 
4,000 Sogat printing workers 
dismissed in the dispute by 
News international she was 
loudly booed, accused of pre- 
paring a “sell out” and de- 
nounced from her leadership 
by a succession of angry 

Mr Tony Newbury, a Lon- 
don branch official was 
cheered when he cried: “With 
friends like Brenda, who needs 

But a move to have the 
running of the dispute taken 
out of her hands came to 
nothing when at die beginning 
of the meeting the organizers, 
the union's London District 
Council, refused in spite of a 

chorus of protests to accept 
motions from the floor. 

One of those motions would 
have called for a strike com- 
mittee to be set up to ran the 
dispute, answerable only to 
mass meetings. 

Judging by the hot tempers 
at Central Hall yesterday the 
move might well have been 
carried if put 

However, the issue of a. 
strike committee has not been 
removed and was being pur- 
sued at a meeting of militant 
printing workers in Fleet 
Street last night which was 
prominently advertised . by 
leaflet outside yesterday’s 

Miss Dean was an invited 
guest at the meeting which was 
organized by Sogat's nine 
London branches. 

She gave a progress report 
on the union's investigation 
into Mr Rupert Murdoch's 
offer of the Gray's. Inn Road 
printing site, and spoke of her 
concern that the manage- 
ment’s attitude “seemed to be 

But she met with a storm of 
boos when she reminded 
members that she and her 
. executive were answerable not 
just to the dismissed News 
International workers, but to 
the union as a whole. 

Her attempts to reassure ber 
audience by repeating that any 
settlement would be the sub- 
ject of a ballot met with no 

Miss Dean appears to be 
increasingly at odds with 
many of the membership who 
fed that the decision to purge 
the union's contempt of court 
10 days ago was a weakening 
of its position. 

Many share little of her 
professed enthusiasm for 
Gray's Inn Road and its 
possibilities for a Labour 
movement paper. 

The central demand was not 
for any form of compensation 
but for reinstatement of all 
dismissed members in their 
former jobs. 

Mr Newbury typified many 
of the speakers when he said to 

more cheers; “If the condition 
of reinstatement is not on the 
ballot paper, then we should 
burn all the ballot papers”. 

Accusations levelled at Miss 
Dean included indulging in 
secret negotiations behind the 
backs of her members and 
foiling to appear often enough 
on the picket line at Wapphi ~ 

After the meeting Mi 
Dean said: “Obviously the 
members are very frustrated, 
and feiriy critical of some of 
the policies that we have. That 
is understandable in the sev- 
enteenth week of the dispute 
and I accept a number of then- 

The meeting adopted a five- 
point resolution to intensify 
the picketing. 

• Fleet Street printing onions 
have accepted an offer of! 
a3.5 per cent pay rise, indicat- 
ing a “new and more realistic 
attitude” to the financial pres- 
sure on national newspapers. 
Loud Marsh, chairman of the 
Newspaper Publishers Associ- 
ation, said yesterday. 

Life term 
for soccer 
fan cut to 
3 years 

The life sentence imposed 
by Judge Argyle at the Central 
Criminal Court lass Novem- 
ber on a football hooligan was 
set aside as unjustified and 
wrong in principle, by 
ibeCourt of Appeal in London 

The Lord Chief Justice. 
Lord Lane, said that sentences 
were necessary to discourage 
public disorder but that of life 
imprisonment on Kevin 
Whitton, aged 26, for riotous 
assembly outside Chelsea 
Football Clubs Stamford 
Bridge ground, “came no- 
where near to the point where 
a sentence of life was justified. 

Whitton, of Danebury, 
Fieldway, New Addington 
Surrey, described by Lord 
Lane as a “persistent football 
hooligan,” bad a three-year 
sentence substituted. Lord 
Lane, who sat with Mr Justice 
Leggatr and Mr Justice Kenne- 
dy, cut a 10-year sentence on 
Whitton for violence. after the 
Chelsea-Manchester United 
encounter in December, 1984, 
to seven years. 

Whitton, convicted of af- 
fray at the Henry J Bean in the 
Kings Road and causing griev- 
ous bodily barm to the manag- 
er. Mr Nril Hanson, has to 
serve a total sentence of 10 
years. Whitton was jailed in 
January 1984 for 2^ years for 
slashing a man's face with a 
beer glass, but was paroled 
within 10 months. 

Stephen Bowden, aged 24. 
of Cambridge Avenue. 
Kilbum, sentenced to eight 
years for wounding the assis- 
tant manager. Mr Hugo Wool- 
ley, with intent, and affrays 
there and on a bus, had h'is 
sentence cut to six years. 

Lord Lane said the court 
regarded the attack on Mr 
Hansen; who was held by 
Whitton and had a beer glass 
thrust into his face by another 
man, as much more serious. 

The judges went on to reject 
an appeal by another hooli- 
gan, jailed for five years for his 
involvement in attacks in 
Cambridge on visiting sup- 
►rters of Chelsea PC, for 
ive to appeal against sen- 
tence. Leslie Muranvi, aged 
26, of Long Reach Road, 
Cambridge, was jailed for 
riotous assembly at the Cen- j 
tral Criminal Court last May. 


Man in the news 

Marks lost in political test 

Sir Keith Joseph, who has 
been in charge of education 
for four years and nine 
months, has established an 
impressive reputation as a 
radical and hard-headed edu- 
cational reformer. 

His failure has been a 
political one. He lacked the 
ability to wrap unwelcome 
truths in acceptable 

As Mrs Thatcher’s emi- 
nence grise and a wholeheart- 
ed supporter of the 
Government’s economic poli- 
cies. he could hardly expect to 
be loved by the teachers, but 
the year-long teachers* pay 
dispute, combined with a 
stream of new educational 
initiatives, meant that teach- 
ers developed a loathing for 
the man they described as the 
“mad monk”. 

Sir Keith ignored the abuse. 
He was high-minded, hard- 
working and believed in the 
power of cool and rational 
argument. Civil servants, ini- 
tially frustrated by his ques- 
tioning of dearly-held 
assumptions, developed re- 
spect and affection for him. 

They were particularly 
pleased that they could per- 
suade him by the power of 
argument, which they did over 
education vouchers. He was 
always supremely courteous 
to those with whom he came 
into contact and respected the 
opinions of the most bumble. 

When his chauffeur was 
upset at one episode of the 
television “soap”. Grange 
HilL a programme about a 
comprehensive school Sir 
Keith ordered a video from 
the BBC and watched the 
offending programme in his 
office at Elizabrth House with 
his driver. 

He had an abiding loat 
of television, but did not 
Grange Hill as offensive as the 

Once Sir Keith had mas- 
tered the education brief — 
and it took him a while — he 
set about reforms with gusto. 

Top priority was given to 
the so-called bottom 40 per 
cent of children who achieve 
no useful qualifications. He 
introduced technical and vo- 

Heads the key to good 
schools, Patten says 



Financial and Accounting 
Chief Executives 
Managing Directors 

Sales and Marketing Executives, 
Public, Finance and 
Overseas Appointments. 




By Our Education 

Good schools are made by 
good headteachers, not by the 
pupils’ social class or by bow 
much money the school has, 
Mr Christopher Patten, Minis- 
ter of State for Education and 
Science, told a conference on 
the selection of headteachers 

Tbe school inspectors 
(HM1s)had frequently found 
that faults in a school could be 
attributed in part to poor 
leadership and management, 
be told the conference in 
London organized by the In- 
dustrial Society. “As the Sec- 
retary of State has often put it, 
good headteachers are the 
nearest thing we have to a 
magic wand. 

Addressing headteachers 
and education officials, Mr 
Patten said that headtea c hers 
had both to lead and to 
manage. “They have to con- 
cern themselves with both 

identifying the right things to 
do, and doing them right”. 

Too often in the part heads 
had been selected on tbe basis 
of intuitive judgment, how 
someone spoke, his or her 
social dass, religion or sex, he 
said. Many selectors appeared 
to believe that appointing a 
woman was more risky than 
appointing a man. 

Tbe Government’s Educa- 
tion Bill which is going 
through Parliament, aims to 
make the arrangements for 
appointing heads more sys- 
tematic and more uniform, he 
said The bead will be chosen 
by a selection panel, made up 
of representatives of tbe local 
authority and the governing 

If agreement cannot be 
reached on a candidate, tbe 
vacancy must be readvertised 

The Bfli abolishes “ring- 
fenring”, whereby some local 
authorities restrict candidates 
to their own authority. 

national training into schools, 
sought agreement on what 
should be taught, reformed tbe 
examination system, tight- 
ened teacher training, gave 
parents new powers on gov- 
erning bodies and derided that 
tbe performance of teachers 
must be appraised. 

It was not only teachers and 
their quality which caught his 
eagle eye. Local authorities 
were found wanting for their 
management of schools, and 
for keeping open so many 
buildings at a time of foiling 
pupil numbers. 

But in tbe end ir was Sir 
Keith's handling of the 
teachers’ pay dispute. stiH 
haunting the service now, 
-which sounded the death 

Sr Keith’s admirers hope 
that once the dust has settled 
on the teachers’ pay issue, he 
will be remembered for having 
been a great reforming Educa- 
tion Secretary rather than the 
man who mishandled the 

Geoffrey Smith, page 4 

Drop school 
voucher idea, 
Tory MP says 

By George HBl 
• The Conservative Party 
should abandon the idea of I 
education vouchers, Mr Tony 
Baldry, Conservative MP for 
Banbury, says in a pamphlet 
published today by tbe cen- 
trist Tory Reform Group. 

Mr Baldry says that the 
proposal conflicts with the 
spirit of the Education Act, 
1944, and the claim to be “the 
party of one nation”. 

He added: . “The answer is 
not to make escape from the 
poor schools easier for those 
who can best play the system 
but to improve our schools so 
that parents do not want to 
escape from it in the first 

He said: “It is time to 
restore some authority to cen- 
tral government wi thin the 
education system to enable 
the DES. with the authority of 
Parliament if necessary, to 
lake education by the scruff of : 
the neck” 

‘Bury distrust 9 call to 
the conservationists 

developers should try to find 
common ground in the North 
of Scotland, Mr Robert 
Cowan, chairman of the High- 
lands and Islands Develop- 
ment Board, said yesterday. 

He was opening a 10,000- 
acre National Nature Reserve 
on Creag Meagaidh, near Loch 

By Ronald Faux 

groups and leads to secrecy from potential 
developers and ‘knee jerk’ 
attacks from conservationists 
with neither side taking into 
account each other's often 
valid interests.” 

Mr Cowan said that conser- 
vationists and those with an 

distrusted each 

i other. 


He wanted to preserve and 
enhance the Highland wildlife 
and scenic development, but 
preserving and expanding the 
human population by provid- 
ing jobs and prosperity was an 
equally important and not 
incompatible goal. 


DAKS) Simpson 

— - ■ ■ " 01.73* tOU IlCCADILLY. 

Jameson’s style sets radio record 

Derek Jameson, the ebul- 
lient former newspaper editor, 
Increased the number of listen- 
ers to Radio 2's breakfast 
show by 500.000, or 25 per 
cent. In the month after be 
took over tbe programme on 
April 7, the BBC announced 

The Jameson torch, which 
brings the number of listeners 
to the 730am to 930am slot to 
2300,000, was greeted by a 
Radio 2 s po k eswoman as 
“very, very good news". 

By Patricia Clough 

She said: “We aimed to 
come up with a wimnag formu- 
la and this shows that we are 
on the right lines.” 

Mr Jameson, former editor 
of the Daily Express and the 
Nem of the World, pot his 
success down to the way he 
nuxes the day's news with 
music. “The public are well 
aware of my credentials as a 
former newspaper editor and 
they lore the way I put nones' 
what is happening in an eril 

world. I am delighted it is 
going so welL" 

Letters from tbe listeners, { 
he said, were stIS coming in at 
the rate of 500 a week and all | 
but a handful approved of his ) 
style. Tbe Radio 2 spokes- 
woman said that' part of the I 
new formula was also a return ' 
to more melodic, nriddte-of- 1 
the-road music. 

The BBC declined to specu- 
late what effect the success 
would hare on the future of ! 
Radio 2. 


^ 1 ' 
J yea h 

f n - -5,^ ’ 

U "■ ; u:i, 

: a 

i * 1 ' • iiTli* 

*. « m * -w- * 

: .*-**■ 

Detective posed as IRA 
killer to uncover 

By Craig Setoo 

An undercover policeman 

solicited” by Sikhs to murder 
Mr Rajiv Gandhi, the Prime 
Minister of India, posed as the 
IRA gunman who killed Mr 
Airey Neave, the former Con- 
servative Cabinet minister 
1 Leicester magistrates were 
told yesterday. 

The prosecution all«es that 
four Leicester Sikhs received 
secret information from the 
Indian High Commission 

■ about Mr Gandhi's state visit 
to London last October and 
hatched a £60,000 plot to have 
him. murdered using “ERA 
gunmen” who were undercov- 
er policemen. 

The men, it was alleged, 
were arrested three days be- 

■ fore Mr Gandhi arrived in 

During the commita] pro- 
ceedings against the four 
Sikhs, accused of conspiring to 
murder, Mr James Wood, for 
the defence, said the two 
undercover policemen had 
acted as “agents provocateurs 
and entrappers” to implicate 
the men in a plot that would 
otherwise not have existed. 

But, Mr Peter Crane, for the 
prosecution, told the court 
“In English law it is not a 
defence to say police officers 
acted as agents provocateurs 
even if an offence such as' 
conspiracy is in feet encour- 
aged or incited”. 

One of the undercover po- 
licemen referred to himself as 
“Detective B” when he ap- 
peared to give evidence and he 
told the court that he would 
refuse to give evidence if he 
bad to give his identity. That 
he said, would put him in 

Cross-examined by Mr 
Wood, who had asked that the 
officer should disclose his 
name, Detective B agreed that 
he had “confessed” to the 
Sikhs that be had been respon- 

for killing Airey Neaye in 

Mr Neave, was Opposition’ 
spokesman on. Northern: Ire-, 
and when a bomb exploded in 
his car as he left the Horse of 
Commons car park in 1979. *. 
14 > Mt Wood told the court 
“to idea of- anonymous 
agents provocateurs and 
anonymous entrappers- is' al>- 
solmety outrageous. It should 
not be allowed to intru de into 
British justice:” 

. But, Mr William . Probert, 
the stipendiary magistrate, 
ruled that the policeman could 

f ve his evidence as Detective 
as long as' his name and fee 
force be served with were 
written down and -shown to 
the defence. 

Jamail Singh ' Ranuana, 
aged 45, a company director, 
Savinder Singh GUI, aged 30,-a. 
dyer, and Pannatma Singh 
Marwaha, aged 43, a factory 
owner, are charged with con- 
spiracy and soli citing two 
undercover policemen — 
“Tom B” and “ fan S” — to 
murder Mr fiandhj during his 
state visit to Britain last' 

Mr Ranuana is alw nharg r d 
with possessing a revolver 
without a firearms certificate. 
A fourth defendant. Harm- 
inder Singh Rai, aged 30, a 
director is also charged with 
conspiracy to murder. 

Mr Crane, for the prosecu- 
tion, said it was a politically 
motivated plot by certain. 
Sikhs who wanted greater 
independence in India, but it 
came to nothing because' the 
police intervened. 

The police had received 
certain information last Sep- 
tember and while two under- 
cover policemen posed as IRA 
gunmen prepared, if aslr«i, to 
carry out murder for money, 
other officers staged a snrvefl- 
lance operation on die men. - 
Jie said the first meeting 
between Mr Ranuana and the 
two undercover officers took 

Discovery averted 
hotel bomb blast 

A London hotel could have 
been the scene of another IRA 
bomb attack on the scale of 
that which destroyed part of 
the Grand Hotel. Brighton, 
dnrrog tbt 1984 Tray confer- 
ence. fee Central C riminal 
Court was told yttleiriay. , - . 

It was averted when the" 
police uncovered a bomb at 
fee Rubens Hotel, dose fo . 
Buckingham Palace, and ft 
was made safe. 

A Scotland Yard explosives 
officer, Mr Derek Pickford, 
who defused the double-boo- 
by-trapped device in room 
112 at the hotel, raid: “If it had 
gone off, the results could 
have been similar to that in 
fee Grand Hotel 

“Anybody in fee room 
would have been killed, or at 
least very seriously injured. 

“Damage to fee room itself 
is hard to assess — . I am not a 
structural engineer- But if 
there were any chimneys built 

Druids to seek 
court order 
on Stonehenge 

Members of the Circular 
Order of Druids will seek a 
High Cram order kv London 
today, to prevent EngHsh Her- 
itage and fee National Trust 
from dosing Stonehenge dur- 
ing the summers solstice cm 
June 21. 

The two ragamzasions want 
the site closed to prevent 
hippies from holding a pop 
festival which they fear could 
damage the monument. The 
Druids maintain that closure 
would, deny them fee human 
right to worship in the “Holy 
Grail” of their religion. 

into the walls, and if they had 
been displaced or dislodged, 
-tiie damage would have been 
' extreme. 

The prosecution says the 
- Rubens bomb was ope of 16 
which it was planned to 
explode in London and in 12 
seaside-'. towns 

.' On trial are five people, 
accused of taking par t in a 
conspiracy to . cause 

One of them, Patrick 
Magee, aged 35, is also -ac- 
cused of planting a device at 
the Grand Hotel canring fee 
explosion on October 12, 
1984. and murdering the five 
people who died. 

The four people charged 
wife him are: Gerard Mc- 
Donnd, aged 34, Peter Sherry, 
aged 30, Martina Anderson, 
aged 23, and Ella O'Dwyer, 
aged 26. .... 

All plead not guilty to 

I' Heart swap 
boy aged 6 
! satisfactory 

. Paul Worthington, aged 
six, the youngest heart trans- ! 
j plant patient at Papworth ; 
Hospital Cambridgeshire, so 
far, was m a satisfactory i 
condition yesterday after a I 
four-hour operation. 

The hospital said: “We were 
fortunate that a heart became 
available from a donor within j 
j a few hours”. . The donor's j 
; name has not been revealed. 

Paul of Ladybank Road, 
MicJdeover, Derbyshire, bad 
initially gone into Papworth i 
last Saturday but no suitable 1 
heart was available. 

place at; Leicester’s Post House 
, Hotel on September 24. ■ 

‘ Mr Crane said the police 
-.officers posed as men who 
were prepared to cany out 
murder. Mr Ramona had 
made dear to them that he 
wished to have Mr Gandhi 
killed-' during his forthcoming 

One of the officers. Detec- 
tive Constable B, put forward 
a figure of £60*000 and Mr 
Ranuana.had agreed, saying it 
was “peanuts”. ._ 

Mr Crane said that - on 
October.2 at the Four Seasons 
Hotel Narborough, Leicester- 
shire, Mr Ranuana gave a gon 
and 17 cartridges to Detective 
Constable B. 

Mr Crane said the -arrests 
were carried out on October 
1 1 and in statements Mr 
Ranuana had nred** a substan- 
tial admission of his role, as 
had Mr Marwaha, but the 
others had denied any knowl- 
edge of the plot 
Mr Crane said that police- 
officers who acted under coyer 
acted under principles de- 
signed to makesiixe that those 
who were innocent were not 
encouraged to commit crimes 
they otherwise would not have 
committed. Those principles 
were obeyed by the officers in 
this case. 

- - He said the borderline that 
the officers had: to tread was 
difficult but undercover oper- 
ations might well be the only 
way of properly discovering 
whai was going on and making 
sure that such plots did not 
happen. The prosecution said 
that that was what happened 

- in this case. 

Mr Wood said: “The de- 
fence says that he has acted as 
an agent provocateur to en- 
trap people and implicate 
them jn crimes which other- 
wise would not have been 
committed”. ■ • • 

The case was adjourned' 
until today. Reporting restric- 
tions were lifted. 

hilled son 

A young mother, who was 
suffering from post-natal de- 
pression when she IriBed her 
son aged 11 weeks by throwing 
Jdm from his bedroom window, 
walked free from a court 
yesterday.: ' 

Susan Bjadle, aged 23, 
threw her baby, Jason* 12 feet 
to his death from fee first floor 
window jast a few nrimtfes 
after dropping Iran down the 
stain? at her home. Mr Antho- 
ny McGeocge, for fee prosecu- 
tion, toM Reading Crown 

He said she fees calmly 
shrt the wnalow, picked ap the 
baby and walked rurasd to a 

killed him”. 

Yesterday, Hmdfe a d m i tte d 
a charge of infanticide and was 
pot on three years’ probation 
after Mr Alex Caifile, QC for 
the defence, told the court 
• “She loved farm. He was 
special to her and all the 
evidence points to her haring 
beat afrstidioBS mother mtil 
the catastrophe that. 

Mr McGeovge sail Jason 
was Hittdle'fc only c h il d and 
there was no evidence to show 
that Hindfe neglected or 31- 
treated tbe boy before his 

Mr McGeotge said a psy- 
chiatrist had found " that 
HimOe, of Fletcher Close, 
Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire, 
was suffering from post-natal 
depression .* and . was 
“depersonalized” when Jason 
died. - 

Patting her on probation, 
Mr Justice Garland said he 
accepted that- there was no 
mafice or intention on Hindfe** 
part to harm ter baby. 

Property centres ‘thriving’ 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

The first sol ichors’ property 
centres in England and Wale s 
are a “remarkable succ ess 
and are capturing 25 per cent 
to 40 per cent of the domestic 
property market in their home 
towns, according to the Na- 
tional Association ot 
Solicitors’ Property Centres. 

It is two years since fee first 
centre was bunched in Ber- 
wick-upon-Tweed, Northum- 
beriandT&nowed by centres* 
Wrexham and Crawley, west 
Sussex. . . . . . , 

The association saw inai 
more property centres, ™mcb 
offer combined conveyancing 
and estate agency packages. 

were likely to be set up within 
the next year and at the same 
time about 40 individual 
firms bad started selling prop- 

Mr Paul Bennett, a solicitor 
in Middlesbrough and chair- 
man of fee association, said: 
“We suspect there may be 
some 20 other firms selling 

There is stifl resistance to 
the idea within the profession. 
Despite an initial membership 
of 1,350 solicitors' firms from 
atotal of 7.50Q in England and 
Wales, membership has set- 
tled at about 350. 

Mr Bennett said that one 
problem had been fee restric- 
tive professional practice 

some To other firms, setting 5™ 

about, so w: are cto* Tite three existing centres 

to establishing a national net- 
work of soticitor-property 

“A solicitors’ property cen- 
tre is an attempt -—’and so for 

The three existing centres 
were “efficient, popular and 
effective” and enjoyed the 
“spin-ofT of more work, he 

Each centre displays prbper- 

House prices steady 

By Our Property Correspondent 

a resoundingly successrui at- jy ^ a gjjop .window in 
tempt — to protect ana ex- 0 ^ 1 ^ paid for by fee 
pand fee economic base of participating firmST AD of 
solicitors' practices. Berwick’s three solicitors’ 

participating nnnsr AD of 
Berwick’s three solicitors' 
firms have joined and fee 
centre boasts 40 per cent of 
fee domestic property markeL 
Its closeness to Scotland, 

House buyers worried by 
fee continuing 
p ri rts can take comfort iront 

are market fry the Royal 
Institution nf 
teyors, which 

monte of prop« 1 jes coming 
m to fee urarket* fee fcgh«* 
since October 1983. 

«■« te* ^ sttady- 

More than a quarter of fee 

r 7 rants surveyed in nonally sold property, gave it 

MMrfHi an easierstarLin Wrexham, 

of 5 per^ owtht halftlK 17 firms in the town 
than have joined; and in Gawky, 7 

• tf n ■trad mrrcmCM ftfl HOT i J» . 

bylf reported increases nf 2 per 

Fees charged vary according 
to fee local area,, but where an 

c-vertl agents said they average solicitors convcyano 
™ wtoxs&ng “fee BveBest feg fee {outside London) 
2nL? conditions for some would be a? per cent and an 


years”, wife statistics shown 

fee hfebest avenge number 
properties SO # . h 

ks showing ^ estate a^ni’s 1.5 per cent a 
i awnteof total of 22 per cent, a propel 
anra last ly centre -would charge. 

^ per cent for boat services. 

kept in 

A felher was jailed for four 
years yesterday after a court 
beard .how he tied up and 
imprisoned two of his daugh- 
ters in a filthy nailed-up 

The children, aged three, 
and four.were on a Tower 
Hamlets Borough Council “at 
risk”, register but in spile of 
feeir ordeal soda! workers 
allowed fee family to remain 


The- father, aged 35, an 
unemployed labourer, later 
sexually abused and bit his 
third daughter, aged nine 
months and two daughters of 
a neighbour, said Mrs Barbara. 
Mills, QC, for fee prosecution, 
at fee Central Criminal Court. 

The man, who cannot be 
identified, child cru- 

elty, neglect and indecent 

Mr Stewart Black, for the 
: defence, told fee court: “Some 
of these tragedies would not 
: have occurred, wife better 
1 management and more social 
^service support”. He said the 
wife, aged 26, bad been put on 
probanon last October for 
cruelty to their daughters. 

' AD three daughters have 
' now been made wards of court 
and the parents have been 
refrised access. 

The family were li ving on a 
council estate in Limebouse 
when the parents went out 
drinking, leaving feeir two 
little girls naked and roped to 
- bunk beds in feeir room. The 
door was nailed up and bohed 
and the windows were wired 

Neighbours were told of the 
children’s plight and broke 
into fee flat to rescue them. 

Following the birth of the 
third daughter, the famil y 
moved to Poplar but fee wife 
began an affair wife a lodger 
and moved out. , 

The prosecution said that 
two sisters aged 7 and 12 had 
visited fee father, who sexual- 
ly molested them while sleep- 
ing in the same bed. 

New rules 
on animal 
tests are 

V4 «■-’ * i A if n i 


The Government's Ani- 
mals (Scientific Procedures) 
Bill to reduce ibe number of 
animals used for experiments 
becomes law today, replacing 
regulations which came into 
force more than 1 00 years ago. 

But fee new rotes have 
received a mixed reception. 
They will not hah fee cam- 
paign for abolition by estab- 
lished-organizations suen js 
fee National Auti- Vivisection 

The Bill is regarded as the 
basis for “a potentially power- 
ful law” by Mr Roger Ewbank. 
a veterinary surgeon and di- 
rector of the University Feder- 
ation for Animal Welfare, 
which also campaigned for 


Qualifying his optimism, 
Mr Ewbank said: “If fee 
provisions of fee Bill are used 
properly, then it should be 
possible to question whether 
fee ends justify fee means , 
before granting a licence to 

But fee anti-vivisection so- 
ciety yesterday raid: “There is 
not one area of experiments in ; 
which the use of animals has 
been banned”! 

It was fee third attempt by | 
fee Government to introduce ! 
new legislation. When fee Bill 
receives fee Royal Assent 
today, it will have succeeded 
because fee organizations in 
fee animal welfare field even- 
tually divided in feeir atti- 
tudes toward the proposals. 


Two readers of The Times 
share yesterday's £4,000 prize 
in fee Portfolio Gold Card 

Mr Frederick Lister, aged 
65, of London Road, Harrow, 
Middlesex, has been planning 
a holiday for himself and his 
wife wife his winnings. ‘ 

“We . have done a lot of 
foreign travel in the past and 
this will help us toroids yet 
another trip. We still have not 
decided where to go”, Mr 
lister, a former set design 
liaison officer with the BBC, 

- The second winner was Mr 
R.N. Young of Epsom Col- 
lege, Epsom, Surrey. 

If yon experience difficulty 
obtaining a gold card, send a 
sxe. to: 

Portfolio Gold, 

The Tiroes, 

PO Box 40, 


BB1 6AJ. 

Remember that there is 
£4>000 to be .won every day and 
the prize money will accumu- 
late each day that if Is not won. 
The weekly prize is £8,000 and 
this, too, is doubled each week 
that ft is not claimed. 

Killing charge 

•Wayne Hill, aged 27, of 
Osier Road, The Meadows, 
Nottingham, was remanded in 
custody until May 28 by 
Nottingham magistrates yes- 
terday charged wife murder- 
ing Tracey Hineson, aged 1 8, 
of Aspley, Nottingham, on 
May 13 or 14. 

Steam train derailed 

visited the sixty-fifth Chelsea Flower Show yesterday. The 
show, in the grounds of the Royal Hospital Chelsea, 
London, is open to the public from Wednesday until Friday 
(Photograph: Suresb Knradia). On feus day, page 17; show 
report, page 18; times and prices, page 20. 

Dozens of holidaymakers 
travelling bn British Rail's 
remaining steam railway es- 
caped injury yesterday after a 
collision wife a lorry on an 
open level crossing. 

The five-coach train, hauled 
by a locomotive named Prince 
of Wales, was travelling on fee 
Vale of Rheidol narrow gauge 

line between Aberystwyth and 
fee tourist resort of Devil’s 
Bridge in Dyfed - when the 
accident happened. 

The engine was derailed and 
it look several hours to clear 
fee lorry and locomotive. The 
crossing straddles Aberyst- 
wyth by-pass and traffic had to 
be rerouted through fee town. 



needs practical 

Not ivory towers!’ 

There are no ivory towers in Wales. 

Welsh universities are known for working hand-in-giove with local industry. 

For example, the University College of Swansea, has an international reputation 
in micro-electrical and engineering subjects; a fact which helps to explain why there is more 
Japanese manufacturing investment in Wales than in any other Western European country. 
The same university is afocus of bio-technology and the number of 
bio-technology companies in Wales has almost doubled to 35 in the last 12 months. 

If your hi-tech company is thinking of re-locating, all the 
back-up services you need are ready and waiting 
... Dial 10Q and ask for Freefone Wales or send off the coupon. 

I want to know 
about Wales 

— 1 Position 

Company name 

Send to: Welsh Development Agency. PO Box 100, 
TIM 2005 Greyfriars Road. CardiffCFI 1WF 


s tf 
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t * 

i Z 

- i- 


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^ ,*«**}■«•» md’js i waiT«r.-g-? c| ^ vfff J i 



PARLIAMENT' MAY 1 9 f 986 

Tunnel contracts • BREL cutbacks 

S Africa raids 


Advocates of greater expen- 
diture on the infrastructure were 
always in the vanguard of 
opposition to infrastructure 
projects, whether it was the 
Channel Tunnel or a _ new 
motorway. Mr Nicholas Ridley. 
Secrelary'of State for Transport, 

In other projects he had been 
concerned with, such as 
Stansted Airport. the 
Oakehampton bypass and Lon- 
don Docklands Railway, oppo- 
sition had come from those who 
continually advocated the 
spending of money on the 

All these major projects in- 
volved thousands of jobs and on 
every occasion the Opposition 
had voted against them. 

Every hold-up to the Channel 
Tunnel’ Bill delayed orders on 
their wav to British workshops. 
Mr Robert Adley (Christchurch. 
C) said commercial interests 
like SeaJink were trying to 
frustrate the will of the House. 
Mr Ridley? There are about 
£800 million worth of railway- 
orders involved in the Channel 
Tunnel. Every week that the Bill 
does not get through the House 
is a week in which those orders 
cannot find (heir way into the 

Mr Roland Boyes (Houghton 
and Washington. Labe Will he 
inform interested panics that 
Mr John BifTen. Leader of the 
House, told me on May I that he 
was considering setting up a 
committee to look at the private 
Bills procedure? 

Will he take into consid- 
eration any recommendations 
made by that committee, 
thereby encouraging a more 
open and democratic decision- 
making process on this un- 
necessary, unacceptable and 
unwanted project? 

Mr Ridley: That question is not 
remotely a matter for me m my 
responsibilities, but I would 
welcome the setting up of the 
inquiry to which he refers. There 
is a great deal we can do to 
improve procedures in this area. 

I only hope it will be possible 
for schemes of the type of the 
Channel Tunnel and others to 
get through the House in reason- 
ably good order so that we can 
contribute lo creating jobs 
throughout the country. 

Mr Nicholas Soames (Crawley, 
C): When considering the Chan- 
nel Tunnel project will he bear 
in mind the shambles caused on 
the M25 by the inaccuracy of the 
planning by officials of his 
department? What confidence 
can he have in this planned level 
of forecasting traffic in so far as 
it relates lo the tunnel project? 
Mr Ridley: Forecasting is al- 
ways 3 hazardous business. It 
may be that the forecasters who 
worked 12 years ago to plan 
parts of the M25 did underesti- 
mate it. 

Equally 1 am not sure it is 
right to prejudge the nature and 
cause of the congestion on the 
M25. It may be due to traffic 
signing or badly designed junc- 
tions. which is not quite the 
same thing as shortage of 

Mr Tam Dalyell (Linlithgow. 
Labi: What estimate has been 
made of the effects of the delay 
on the loss of jobs? What have 
the French had to say on what is 
going on in the House? 

Mr Ridley: There are about 
65.000 man years of employ- 
ment involved in this projecL 
Every week that it is delayed is a 
week when that employment 
does not find its way into the 

factories and workshops 

It would be difficult to explain 
to a Frenchman, in my appall- 
ingly bad French, the process 
which causes us to rake so long 
to do what they say they can do 
in three months. 

Mr Tony BaMry (Banbury, C): 
is it not strange that those who 
constantly urge us to spend 
more on the infrastructure are 
always in the vanguard of those 
who oppose any infrastructure 
projects, whether the Channel 
Tunnel or the building of a new 

Mr Ridley: He is right. 1 have 
had experience of this policy at 
Stansted Airport. the 
Oakhampton bypass, the Lon- 
don Docklands Railway and the 
Channel Tunnel — all major 
infrastructure projects involv- 
ing thousands of jobs. On every 
occasion the Opposition has 
voted against them. 

Mr Robert Hughes, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on transport: 
When asked specifically to pro- 
vide the Government machin- 
ery to make sure that the jobs 
come to England. Scotland and 
Wales he says it is nothing to do 
with him. He wants his bread 
buttered on both sides and jam 
as well. 

He has responsibility: other- 
wise people will treat his 
protestations about wanting the 
jobs with some scepticism. 

Mr Ridley: I do not have power 
to direct private organizations 
such as the European Tunnel as 
to where it shall place its 

cuts in 


Hughes: He wants bread 
buttered on both sides 

contracts. It would be against 
European Community rules if I 
were to seek to do so. This 
massive opportunity does exist 
for British firms and with their 
keenness they will. I hope, win 
more than their fair share. 

Mr Michael Meadowcroft 
(Leeds. West. L) asked whether 
there were to be genuine through 
rail routes across London when 
the Channel Tunnel opened — 
an essential provision if he was 
to convince his constituents that 
this was not just for the benefit 
of the south easL 
Mr Ridley: The tunnel will not 
be open until 1993. British Rail 
is actively pursing ways of 
opening the tunnel to all points 
east of Calais and north and 
west of Dover, and will put 
forward plans. 

Laierhesaid that this massive 
infrastructure programme had a 
large number of jobs involved. 

Parliament today 

Commons (2.30): Social Security 
Bill, completion of remaining 
stages: debate on motion from 
Privileges Committee to exclude 
reporter from The Times from j 
the House of Commons. 

Lords (2.30): Education Bill* 
report stage: Drainage Rates 
(Disabled Pcrsonsl Bill, 
committee stage: Horticultural 
Produce Bill, second reading. 

The Secretary ofStaie for Trans- 
port, Mr Nicholas Ridley, would 
be making a statement in the 
Commons tomorrow (Tuesday) 
on British Rail’s proposals on 
British Rail Engineering Lim- 
ited workshops, Mr David 
MjfcfaelL Minister of Slate for 
Transport, said during question 
time exchanges in which the 
Opposition maintained that 
4,000 jobs would be cut. 

Mr Mitchell declined to com- 
ment on the announcement in 
advance of a meeting tomorrow 
between the BR management 
and unions. He said the cause of 
the situation was the massive 
amount of investment in new 
rolling slock which required less 
maintenance. There was no 
point in keeping maintenance 
capacity when there was no 
demand for it. 

The Secretary of State had 
discussed the effects of the BR 
board's procurement policy on 
BREL with the chairman of BR, 

want to buy 
bus firms 

but the BR board’s procurement 
policy and its specific effect on 
BREL remained matters for 
management decision. 

Mr Michael Martin (Glasgow. 
Springbum. Lab): 1 have met the 
minister. I have met the deputy 
director of BR and BREL, and 
each and every one has slated 
that there will always be a 
presence in the Springbum rail- 
way engineering workshops. 

Can he dampen rumours 
reported in the newspapers on 
Friday that there is going to be 

row. how can he say minisiers 
know nothing about its con- 
tents? Is he not prepared to 
admit that the rumours over the 
weekend are based on fact and 
that there are to be massive cuts 
in BREL? 

How much has this been 
brought about by pressure from 
ministers to get rid of the part of 
the industry which is not paying 
and to get the other half ready 
for privatization? 

Mr Mitchell: BR proposals in 

ttiday that there is going to be «« 

complete closure of tfie Glasgow Ration lo BREL are a matter 

Springbum workshop? If there 
is going to be complete closure 
of that workshop it means for 
the past 1 8 months people have 
been telling me lies. 

Mr MttcbelL- Proposals which 
affect unemployment should be 
discussed first with the unions. 
There is programmed to be a 
meeting tomorrow (Tuesday) 
between BR and the unions to 
discuss their proposals as they 
affect BREL. 

Mr Gordon Bagier (Sunderland 
South, Lab): In view of the 
statement to be made tomor- 

for discussion between the 
management and the unions 
and I am sure he. as a good trade 
unionist, would recognize that it 
is right that these proposals 
should first be disclosed to the 
unions which represent the men 

Mr Donald Stewart (Western 
Isles. SNPh The workers at 
Springbum have a worldwide 
reputation. Quite apart from the 
hundreds of jobs that might go. 
it would be a black mark against 
engineering in the United King- 
dom world wide. Will he come 

dean with the House and say 
what he intends to do about 
these workers? 

Mr Mitchell: The distribution 
of work between one BREL 
works and another is entirely a 
matter for BREL management. 
It is BREL’s intention to change 
the pattern of their maintenance 
work and that certain works, 
which include Springbum. will 
be associated directly with the 
maintenance work to the area 
and region in which they 

Mrs Gwyneth Dunwoody 
(Crewe and Nantwich, Ub). 
Will he not have the honesty to 
admit it is his policy which is 
forcing BREL to retract at this 
speed? Can he give the House an 
indication of how many of the 
BREL workshops have to close 
before he wiD lift a finger to 
protect thousands of jobs in- 
volved in this engineering 

Mr Mitchell: She is wrong to say 
it is my policy or Government 
policy. The cause of this is the 
massive amount of investment 

in new rolling Stock which 
have accccdcd to BR s request 
to carry out. If you invest in new 
rolling siocfc. it requires less 
maintenance. There is no point 
in keeping maintenance capac- 
ity when there is no demano .or 

Mr Peter Snap*, for the Oppo- 
sition: Department of Transport 

poliev of minimum resources 
for BR means the existing 
Intercity fleet is not big enough 
to meet demand: excessive de- 
mand on BR rolling sock is 
leading to the bad punctuality 
figures filling newspapers. 

In Glasgow. Doncaster. 
Wolverton and Eastleigh up to 
4,000 people are going to lose 
their jobs as a result of the 
announcement to be made 

Mr Mitchell: It is arrant non 
sense when he talks about 
minimum resources for BR. It is 
because of the massive invest- 
ment in new rolling stock that 
the maintenance requirements 
are down. 


More than 50 management 
reams had expressed interest in 
buying their National Bus Com- 
pany subsidiaries out of the total 
of 65 NBC companies, Mr 
Nicholas Ridley. Secretary of 
State for Transport, said during 
questions in the Commons. 

Taking that together with 
other private operators (he 
added) this should provide the 
competition that has been lack- 
ing in bus services and give 
passengers a better deal. 

Mr Ridley added later that 
ioor manag ement workforce 
buy-out offers were at an ad- 
vanced stage of negotiatiou.He 
could not say when they would 
be complete." None was being 
held up by the NBC. He would 
announce deals as and when 
they took place. 

Mr Dale Campbell-Savours 
(Workington. Lab) said 
privatization of the NBC would 
continue to lose many thousands 
of routes. The voters of Ryedale 
had recognized that issue 
Mr Ridley asserted that the 
Labour and Alliance parties had 
succeeded to some extent in 
getting people to believe that 
only the mileage registered at 
the time of deregulation would 
actually be run.That was not the 
full truth. because there was the 
whole of the tendered services to 

Lower fee 
for lorry 
driving test 

The fee for heavy goods vehicle 
and bus driving tests is to be 
reduced by £25 from July 1 
I9S6. Mr Nicholas Ridley. Sec- 
retary of State for Transport, 
announced in the Commons 
during question time. 

He said that he had been 
consulting industry about pro- 
posals to unify the lime allotted 
and fees charged for heavy- 
goods vehicles and public ser- 
vice vehicle driving tests. 

Mr David Evenoett (Erith and 
Crayford. C) asked how much 
the reduced lee would save the 
freight industry. 

Mr Ridley: The figure is about 
£t million. Ii will be interesting 
to see whether this major reduc- 
tion in fee will get as much 
publicity as if it had been 

Secret Maks with US denied 


A firm denial that emergency 
arrangements had been made 
between the Government and 
the United Stales administra- 
tion without reference to Par- 
liament, was made by Lord 
Trefgarne. Minister of Stale for 
Defence, during question time 
in the House of Lords. 

Lord Jenkins of Putney (Lab) 
raised the issue when he asked if 
secret powers existed between 
the two countries covering the 
enforcement of military law. 
conscription of labour and com- 
pulsory evacuation of homes. 
Lord Trefgarne: There have 

been no such agreements with 
the Llnited Stales. The content 
and introduction of any emer- 
gency powers would be for 
consideration by the Govern- 
ment and Parliament of the day 
Lord Jenkins of Putney: An MP 
has confirmed such an agree- 
ment exists and it is no less an 
agreement if it is called an 
arrangement. His ofice has 
copies of three draft Bills and 
ihey have been discussed with 
the llnited States authorities, 
but they have not been placed 
before Parliament. 

Fifteen detailed plans in these 
Bills have been pro^ ided and yet 
none has been before Par- 
liament or confirmed bv Par- 

liament. Such an arrangement is 
a disgrace. 

Lord Trefgarne: His question 
suggests that there has been 
some agreement with the 
United States governemnt to 
confer certain powers on them 
in certain circumstances. Tnere 
has been no such agreement 
Lord Mellish (Lab): The ques- 
tion is a lot of nonsense. In the 
event of an emergency, any 
sensible government would be 
expected to lake emergency- 

Lord Trefgarne: He is correct. In 
a crisis or war any responsible 
governemm would want to con- 
sider what appropriate powers 
to ukc. 

Howe condemns unprovoked attacks 


The South African defence force 
attacks on Botswana. Zambia 
and Zimbabwe were particularly 
deplorable because they had 
taken place while the Common- 
wealth Group of Eminent Per- 
sons were in South Africa 
seeking to promote a dialogue 
which would lead to the ending 
of apartheid, in the context of 
the suspension of violence on all 
sides. Sir Geoffrey Howe, Sec- 
retary of State for Foreign and 
Commonwealth Affairs, said in 
a statement to the Commons. 

This brought renewed calls 
from Opposition parties for the 
imposition of effective sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 

The attacks. Sir Geoffrey said, 
were a plain violation of the 
sovereignty of three fellow 
Commonwealth countries and 
underlined the urgency of the 
need for a suspension of 

We have always made plain 
our opposition to cross-border 
violence (be said) and have 
consistently condemned the re- 
son to force by South Africa 
against her neighbours. 

Earlier. Sir Geoffrey Howe 
had said that the Minister of 
Slate for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affairs (Mrs Lynda 
Chalker) had already expressed 
the British Government's con- 
cern to the South African 
Charge and asked for an urgent 
explanation. The British 
Ambassador in South Africa 
had been told to seek an early 
call on the South African For- 
eign Minister. 

In addition. Britain's High 
Commissioners in Gabarone, 
Lusaka and Harare had been 
instructed to tell their host 
Governments of the British 
Government’s concern over the 
attacks and to seek further 
details about them, including 
any indication of casual ties. 

Mr Donald Anderson, an Oppo- 
sition spokesman on foreign 
affairs, said that since these acts 
of aggression followed President 
Botha's speech last Thursday, 
when he had spoken against 
meddling foreigners, it showed 
that South Africa was rejecting 
what might possibly be its last 
chance of proceeding to a rel- 
atively bloodless evolution to 
majority rule- 

President Botha, by this raid, 
has sent a clear message (he 
said). What a limp message (he 

Foreign Secretary has sent in 

Bishop Desmond Tutu had 
just satd that the world awaited 
what Mrs Thatcher and Presi- 
dent Reagan would do now, 
since they had previously ve- 
toed mandatoi^ sanctions 
against South .Africa. 

Did Sir Geoffrey recognize 
that this country was now 
perceived in the world as South 
Africa's best friend? To ask a 
Minister of Stale to wag a finger 
at the South African Charge was 
an absurd response, but typical 
of this Government. 

Sir Geoffrey should now send 
a message that President Botha 
would understand — that there 
could be no better reason than 
this aggression for immediately 
proceeding to selective sanc- 
tions against South Africa. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said be 
understood Mr Anderson’s in- 
dignation. but he repudiated 
suggestions that the 
Government's position repre- 
sented an isolated stance. 

The Government had, and 
would continue unreservedly, to 
condemn apartheid. The United 
Kingdom Government wished 
to sec an early and peaceful end 
to apartheid. 

The Eminent Persons Group, 
which Labour MPs had en- 
dorsed when it suited them, was 
the most effective instrument so 
far for achieving thaLThe Brit- 
ish Government would con- 
sider. with its partners, what 
frirther action might be nec- 

Sir John Biggs-Davison (Epping 
ForesL C) drew a parallel be- 
tween the raids and the United 
Stales strike against Libya. 
What was the position in inter- 
national law of the South Af- 
rican raids? 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said this was 
quite a different consideration. 
One could not conclude that any 
of the three countries hit had 
been operating, inspiring, still 
less directing, terrorism. Indeed, 
Botswana was involved in 
South Africa with curbing 

Dr David Owen, leader of the 
SDP. said these attacks were 
outrageous, particularly since 
they were unjustifiable in inter- 
national law. They had delib- 
erately undermined the 
Commonwealth peace 

Sir Geoffrey would have to 
come before the House and the 
UN Security Council and agree 
on a package of sanctions 

against South Africa. There 
must be a banning of air flights 
to and from South Africa and a 
ban on new investment there. 
Sir Geoffrey Howe said it was 
too early to decide what more 
should be done. 

Mr Jerry Wiggin (Weston Super 
Mare. C) asked what representa- 
tions Sir Geoffrey Howe had 
made to the three Common- 
wealth countries concerned 
about the open and flagrant 
harbouring of Communist-as- 
sisted terrorists. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said Britain 
had made plain her position 
over a long period, that she 
opposed cross frontier violence 
from any country in southern 

But, equally, there was no 
evidence comparable to that 

Howe: Plain violation 
of sovereignty 

cited in other cases that the 
Commonwealth governments, 
the Front Line governments, 
had been involved in the 
promotion, direction and in- 
spiration of terrorism in that 
kind of way. 

And there is no evidence (he 
continued) to justify un- 
provoked attacks of this kind by 
South Africa. 

Mr Thomas Clarke (Monklands 
West. Lab) said that some MPs, 
including him, who had seen 

rooms where cbOdren had been 
shot in tbeir beds in Gabarone. 
regarded South Africa as the real 
focus of evil internationally. 

Does this not call (he asked) 
for far more than words and 
platitudes? Sir Geoffrey Howe 
should join in the demands for 
sanctions as the only response to 
this outrage. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe said he 
sympathized with that point 
about how the incident was 
bound to be seen in Botswana. 

He had discussed the earlier 
incident more than once since 
then with the foreign minister of 
Botswana and knew that 
throughout the early part of this 
year they had been engaged in 
discussions with the South Af- 
rican Government through a 
joint commission and other 
means on methods of prevent- 
ing the risk of terrorist action 
across the border. 

A meeting of the joint 
commission was to take place at 
the end of this week. 

Mr David Winnick (Walsall, 
North. Lab) said that the South 
African regime had no more 
intention of observing inter- 
national law than of respecting 
political rights in South Africa. 
Gentle rebukes were not suf- 
ficient and much stronger action 
was required. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: If only it 
were one tenth as simple. The 
Prime Minister has on many 
occasions made plain to the 
South African Government the 
urgency of talcing steps to end 


Mr Jot 

John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbidge, C) asked how 
long the Government and coun- 
try would continue to behave 
towards South Africa as a son of 
nanny. That independent coun- 
try would surely pursue its own 
salvation in its own way. 

Sir Geoffrey Howe: There is no 
question of behaving like a 
nanny. There are many British 
citizens there and we have 
profound interests in the pros- 
pects for peace 

Death penalty retained 

An amendment which would 
have abolished the death pen- 
alty for militaiy offences, was 
rejected by I IS votes to 76 — 
Government majority, 40. dur- 
ing the committee stage in the 
House of Lords of the Armed 
Forces Bill 

Lord Graham of Edmonton 
(Lab) moving the amendment. 

said the death penalty for ser- 
vice personnel alone was 

Lord Trefgarne. Minister of 
State for Defence, said Service 
chiefs were unanimous that it 
was right to retain the death 
penalty for offences tantamount 
to treason and the Gov erne men I 
shared that view. 

Why charges of treason are not preferred 


Sir Mkhael Havers, the Attor- 
ney General, emphasized in the 
Commons that it was he and the 
Solicitor General who had min- 
isterial responsibility for Crown 
prosecutions and not the Lord 
Chancellor, who was head of the 

Last month Lord Haiisham of 
St Marylcbonc pointed out that 
the capital offence or treason 
could be used as z legal remedy 
for acts of terrorism. But Sir 
Michael told MPs the Lord 
Chancellor was speaking in a 
personal capacity, and referred 
to the difficulty of bringing a 
case under the 1351 Treason 

Sir John Biggs- Da v ison { Epping 

Forest. C), who opened the 
exchanges, asked why no 
charges of treason had been 
brought against alleged 

Sir Mkhael Havers: The 600- 
year-old statute is couched in 
such archaic language, not only 
woutd it be difficult to prove aU 
(he necessary ingredients but it 
would be difficult for a modern 
jury to come lo grips with the 

The Act was originally in- 
tended to deal with rival claims 
to the throne in the fourteenth 
century when this country was 
at war with a foreign power. 
Mr Merlyn Rees (Leeds South 
and Morley. Labk Why does the 
Lord Chancellor keep on 
suggesting it? 

Sir Michael Havers: The Lord 
Chancellor was speaking in a 

personal capacity. The only 
persons who have ministerial 
responsibility for prosecutions 
are myself and the Solicitor 

Mr John Stokes (Halesowen 
and Stourbridge.O: As there is a 
capital penalty for crimes of 
treason, arson of the Royal 
Dockyards and certain other 
crimes 1 shall not specify, would 
it not be convenient to add 
terrorism to the list? 

Sir Michael Havers: The pen- 
alties would be the same under 
the Treason Felony Act, but the 
Treason Act remains available 
in the appropriate 

Mr John Morris, chief Oppo- 
sition spokesman on legal af- 
fairs: Will he confirm there have 
been no cases of peacetime 
treason this century? 

The Lord Chancellor’s recent 
speech at Grantham was a 
criticism that no treason charges 
were preferred in the 
Knighisbridge bomb case, 
which he gave as an example. 

Will Sir Michael remind the 
Lord Chancellor that while we 
all condemn any act of terror- 
ism, the House rejected on a free 
vote the restoration of capital 
punishment for terrorist 

Sir Michael Havers: He is right. 
The constitutional position re- 
mains the same. 

• The Attorney General told 
MPs: The common law remedy 
of murder, coupled with mod- 
em legislation on explosions 
and firearms, have proved both 
appropriate and effective for all 
recent cases. 

Few of us would have imag- £ 
ined at the beginning of the 
veaur that the choice of Sir - 
Keith Joseph's successor T 
would be seen as the critical - 
political appointment of the * 
second half of this Parliament.’/' 
That is a measure both of the 
public anxiety at what is!’ ’ 
happening in our schools and 
of the extent to which Sir'. 
Keith himself is regarded as ^ 
having failed in the job. 

This judgment of Sir Keith '■ 
is. I believe, no more than half 
true. His fallings have been . 
essentially political. T«r - 
present him as uncaring is" ' 
ludicrously wide of the mark. f\ 
have known no senior minister'. m 
in any government more devot- \ * 
ed to the public good. 

To ignore his concern for ' 
educational standards is mani- 
festly unjust. He has im- 
mersed himself in his subject 
and be has paved the way for 
significant reforms. 1 suspect 
that history will judge him. 
more kindly than is fashion- . 
able today. 

Vet ultimately he has been 
too narrow in his devotion. He 
has not fought hard enough for- 
the educational budget and ha- 
has been inept in bis political 
dealings, especially in Mi - 
handling of the teachers' dis- . 
pate. It is tragic, bet he has + ■> 
lost pnblic confidence. ./ w 

Twin task for Sir 
Keith’s successor 

Paying for Crime: 2 

How one offender earned forgiveness 

James Lannon was nervous. 
He was about to meet ihe 
general manager of a motor 
firm in Wolverhampton, after 
admitting damaging the win- 
dows of some of its cars. 

Mr Lannon. now aged 22, 
maintained that 10 or 15 side 
windows were involved. Mr 
Geoffrey Haynes, the general 
manager, said 20 odd were 
smashed. Now they were at a 
mediation session. 

Miss Wendy Mcalev. assis- 
tant co-ordinator of the Wol- 
verhampton Mediation and 
Reparation Project, had invit- 
ed Mr Haynes to meet Mr 
Lannon and explain the effect 
of the damage. “My first 
comment was ‘if i get my 
hands on him l*H kill him"**. 
Mr Haynes said. 

But he agreed to meet Mr 
Lannon after reading a leaflet 
about the scheme. Mr Haynes 
said afierward:“Hc seems a 
fairK genuine sort of lad. IFhe 
had looked a hardened type of 
criminal I wouldn't have en- 
tertained him at all in terms of 

MrLannor. said: “i original- 
ly agreed with Mr Haynes to 
come and valet cars one day. I 
volunteered to come today as 
well. Valeting has made me 
feel I'm doing something to 

Does reparation work? Peter Evans, Home Affairs Correspon- 
dent. in the second or three articles, talks to an offender who 
worked for the victim of his crime to earn forgiveness. 

help Mr Haynes forgive me." 

Mr Lannon said at the 
mediation session that the 
damage came after a row with 
a giri friend. 

“it all boiled up and 
exploded", he said. He went in 
and hit the cars, but eventual- 
ly realized what he was doing, 
stopped and ran home. 

MrLannon appeared at 
Wolverhampton Magistrates' 
Court on April 7. His case was 
adjourned to April 21 and he 
returned, after reparation, yes- 

He had admitted criminal 
damage and a charge of inter- 
fering on another day with a 
motor vehicle. In the latter 
case he was jointly charged 
with a juvenile. 

He was placed on probation 
for both offences for a total of 
1 2 months and ordered to pay 
£100 compensation for the 
damage. Mr Jack Taylor, 
chairman of the bench, ex- 
pressed pleasure that media- 
tion and reparation had had 
such a positive effect 

In the six months since 
October 1, only one of 50 

offenders referred to Wolver- 
hampton Mediation and Rep- 
aration Project has been sent 
to prison. 

Wolverhampton's is one of 
four experimental reparation 
schemes financed by lire Gov- 
ernment The others sharing 
£100.000 annually over two 
years are Cumbria. Coventry 
and Leeds. 

Wolverhampton has dealt 
mostly with cases of theft and 
criminal damage. Victims 
generally felt after meeting the 
offender that they did' not 
favour a particularly punitive 

The Cumbria scheme is 
different in two ways. The 
three others deal with adults. 
Cumbria with juveniles. And 
it is the only one of the four in- 
tended to help keep the of- 
fender out of ihe courts. 

If reparation is successful 
[he police will normally decide 
not to prosecute and adminis- 
ter a caution instead. 

Mr David Kershaw, senior 
probation officer in East Cum- 
bria. said that some victims 
were furious when they heard 

that offenders were not being 
taken to court and they wished 
to resort to private prosecu- 

Bui he said in the journal of 
the National Association of 
Senior Probation Officers: 
“One store manager was con- 
fronted by a 14-year-old girl 
shoplifter.* who informed him 
his store was a treasure trove 
for the light-fingered due to 
the appalling lack of security. 
She explained how he couid 
tighten things up a bit and 
saxe himselfa fortune.’’ 

Since June 1985 more than 
SO youngsters have participat- 
ed in the scheme. So far. only- 
two of them have been 
charged with further offences. 

Statistics from Coventry for 
September to 2 1 March, show 
that of 43 victims approached 
by the scheme. 28 per cent 
wanted no involvement with 
iL 44 per cent had met their 
offender and a further 26 per- 
cent had communicated with 
each other or had a letier of 
apology. In a further 2 per- 
cent a joint meeting had been 

Thirty-nine cases had been 
back before the court and 
sentenced, none to custody. 

Tomorrow: Fundamental 

Cheap air 
fare hope 

By Michael Baiiy 
Transport Editor 

Hopes of cheaper air fares 
in Europe after the recent 
ruling of the European Court 
may be premature, Mr Mi- 
chael Montague, chairman on 
the National Consumer Coun- 
cil, said yesterday. 

The French travel agency 
Nouvelle Frontiere lost the 
battle for cheaper fares, even if 
it may have won the war in the 
long term, Mr Mootagoe said 
at the council’s annual meeting 
in London. 

The court ruled that Ihe 
competition articles of the 
Rome treaty applied to air 
tr a ns port and price fixing 
between airlines and govern- 
ments was therefore illegal. 

However, it was up to 
individual stales to ensure that 
their national legislation com- 
plied with the ruling 

“The prosecution of Noo- 
relle Frontier? will probably 
go ahead because countries 
such as France are not dis- 
posed to change their roles.” 

A test case needed to be 
brought against one of the 
price-fixing agreements, Mr 
Montague said. 

Nurses’ rise may 
bring NHS cuts 

More cuts, in patient ser- 
vices may have to be made if 
the Government does not 
provide extra money lo pay 
nurses, the National Associa- 
tion of Health Authorities said 

Ministers are said to be 
ready to agree to pay increases 
of about 7 per cent for the 
500,000 nurses and midwives 
as the pressure increases on 
the Government to “show a 
more caring face". 

But health authorities — 
and the nurses — are worried 
at the effect that that could 
have on the health service if 
the pay award is not fully 
funded by the Government. 

The association said the 
Government had allowed only 
4.5 per cent for pay and price 

increases in the health service 
this year 

Unless the Treasury gave 
extra money to cover the cost 
of any pay awards above that 
fevelsorae health authorities 
would be in trouble, it said. 

Some might have to delay 
projects and others might 
have to reduce services to 
patients or reduce staff. 

The Royal College of Nurs- 
ing has said that the pay award 
should be fully funded. 

It was invidious to compare 
how many hip replacement 
operations could be done for 
the cost of a pay rise, it said. 

Doctors also insist that their 
forthcoming pay award should 
not be at the expense of 

Polaris base arrests 

Nineteen men and women, 
including the CND chairman. 
Mr Paul Johns, were arrested 
yesterday after protests out- 
side the Coulport Polaris base 
on ibe River Clyde. 

The arrests were for alleged 
minor offences at the com- 
plex, which is Britain’s pro- 
posed Trident nuclear 
submarine base. 

Mr Johns, who was taking 
pan m Christian CND' S Peace 
Pentecost event was partici- 
pating m a vigil and service at 
the base gates. 

The vigi] ended a peace 
j£mh y journey from**?^ 
bomb-making Burghfield 

53S h - .^nwK* factory in 
Berkshire on Saturday. 

So his successor will have a 
double task: to restore that 
confidence and to bring about 
substantive improvements in 
the educational system. The 
teachers' dispute intensified 
the problems in the schools, 
hot it also served to highlight 
problems that existed long 
before It. 

The new Secretary of State 
may paradoxically find it easi- 
er to make progress in the 
second task because of in- i 
creasing alarm abort the first 
He shoald not find it too hard 
now to persuade his colleagues 
to provide extra resources. 
They will he the more eager to 
help, believing that their polit- 
ical survival depends upon his. . 

Indeed, one danger is that ; 
the Prime Minister herself 
may be too eager to help. She ", 
has never forgotten her days in 
the department and she may 
be reluctant to delegate. 

The ranch greater political 
concern abort education may 
also have changed the require- 
meats for the job. A few weeks 
ago I thought it was important 
to have someone with sound ' 
dry- credentials to persuade the , 
Treasury that it would be " 
prudent to provide the necesr* •. 
sary money. 

Now I think it Is morel.' 
important to have someonev 
with passable wet credentials ■ . 
who can persuade parents and “ 
teachers of the Government's 
commitment in spending the „ 
money that will be spent . 
whoever holds the post 
Because it is so critical 
politically the choice is now 
expected to fall on someone 
already in the Cabinet Specif- . 
really, one bears that Mr Chris J 
Patten, who would otherwise 
have had strong claims, and ^ 
Dr Rhodes Boyson have been 
ruled out. 

The most dramatic selection; M 
would be Mr Peter Walker. It '.** 
would guarantee pnblic attea-~.j 
tion for the Government's , 
policies and be a signal that, ' 
the Prime Minister Intended- . 
to run the department on a.* 
loose rein. Bat for that very.', 
reason it would seem to me 

Mr Kenneth Baker would 
also bring a reputation for 
independent thinking, which is 
all the stronger now that he 
has associated himself with 
the Tory Reform Group, with- 
out presenting such a chal- 
lenge to Mrs Thatcher as Mr 
Walker would be thought to 

More money is 
potent politics 

He would be my choice, ' 1 ’ 
provided that he can be spared 
from the Department of the" 
Environment, where be has- 
been Secretary of State for* 
only eight months. 

If not, Mr Kenneth Clarke 
would be a reasonable selec*.; 
tion. He might possibly be a 
tittle junior to cany the neces* ; 
sary weight with his col-- r 
leagues, and some consider'' 
him a little abrasive. Bnt he is j 
forceful and able. - 

The next Secretary of State 
tnav well find it easier than is 
now supposed to persuade the ■' 
country that a new start is * 
being made in education. Most • * 
parents and more teachers-- 
than one might suspect will be- J 
eager to pat the dispute behind'; 
them, ami the combination of a - 

fresh personality and a Ifitie*’ # 
money can be quite potest 

But the longer the political.' 
an5 tiety re mains the b etter ’, 
chance there will be of sol«n&\* 

the real problems of edac^ti*^ ' 1 

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and guns 
police conference 

Stewart Tendler, Crime Reporter 

Pohoe manpower shortages, Yesterday. Mr Tony Judge, excusealittte cynicism onour 

ine federation's spokesman, 
said: “We suspect that the 
police are not going to get the 
manpower they need to do the 

the increasing use of firearms 
by officers and the political 
scene will dominate the axmi*. 
al conference of the Police 
Federation, representing ju- 
nior ranks, starting today in 


The Government is due to 
announce increases for the 
Metropolitan Police and other 
forces after a review of police 
manpower requirements in 
the wake of public disorder in 
London and the Midlands l as t 

The Home Secretary, Mr 
Douglas Hurd, is addressing 
the conference tomorrow and 
mayface a wary audience. His 
predecessor, Mr Leon Britten, 
was barracked last year. 

Whitehall has let it be 
known that the London police 
arc likely to be given 1.200 
extra officers over the next 
three to four years. Federation 
^officials have criticized the 
decision as far too little for 
police requirements. 

This evening Mr Gerald 
Kaufman, shadow Home Sec- 
retary, is to address a fringe 
meeting at the conference. It is 
the first time that a Labour 
spokesman has faced the con- 
ference since the change of 
government in 1979 and the 
response may be hostile. 

Police officers at junior and 
senior levels are worried by 
Ihepublic criticism they have 
suffered in recent years and by 
issues such as the Holloway 
incident in north London, in 
■which a group of youths were 
attacked by police officers. 
They feel that some of the 
attacks on the police are 
undeserved and prompted by 
left wing propaganda. 

Mr Judge said: “Messrs 
Kmnock and Kaufman must 

pan. The message from La- 
bour in recent years has been 
bleak and hostile. 

“It is going to take more 
than the moderate views of 
Neil and Gerald to persuade 
our rank-and-file members 
that a Labour, government will 
be a good thing for the police." 

However, he also accepted 
that the party's programme on 
law and order said a “lot of 
sensible things" 

With two members of the 
federation feeing prosecution 
over incidents involving guns 
in London and Birmingham 
and the carrying of sub- 
machine guns at Heathrow 
airport to combat the threat of 
terrorism the conference is to 
debate the use of firearms. 

Jn recent years officials and 
rank-and-file speakers at con- 
ferences have expressed their 
fears about the increasing use 
of guns and the danger of 
changing the police role. 

TV blamed for lawlessness 

The repeated sight of mass 
defiance of law and order on 
television has been Mamed for 
the growing number of attacks 
on policemen. 

Mr David East, Chief Con- 
stable of South Wales, said 
yesterday in his annual report 
that he was deeply concerned 
about the number of violent 
attacks upon police officers 
and wanton damage to police 

He said: “I do not believe 
that this worrying trend bears 
any relationship to the miners' 
dispute, except that the con- 
tinued spectacle of mass defi- 

By Tim Jones 

ance of law and order on our 
television screens must have 
an effect upon the impres- 

People repeatedly saw 
groups on television news 
challenging law and order, he 

“On Friday, Saturday, and 
Sunday evenings last year, no 
less than 26S officers have 
received injuries when carry- 
ing out relatively mundane 
and routine arrests. . 

“These assaults have oc- 
curred throughout the force 
area and without any particu- 
lar pattern. At the same lime. 

to isolate 

By Nicholas Timmins 
Social Services 

Keeping children away from 
school when they have 
chkkenpox is nonsense, ac- 
cording to child health special- 
ists and family doctors writing 
in the British Medical JouraaL 
Textbook advice to doctors 
is that children should be 
isolated for one week from the 
appearance of spots or until 
dry scabs have formed and 
some., schools will not let 
chfidren back until aU their 
spots have disappeared. 

But the most infections 
stage occurs before the spots 
appear, the doctors say. 

la addition chkkenpox is 
usually a relatively mOd dis- 
ease m children mid is more 
likely to produce serious 31- 
aess in adults and new-born 

It can be extremely serious 
if a pregnant woman catches 
chkkenpox just before deliv- 
ery. Up to 29 per cent of such 
babies are likely to catch the 
disease, with a death rote of 35 
per cent 

Dr Fred Kavalier. a genera! 
practioner from north London, 
says: “The idea behind isolat- 
ing children with chickenpox 

is. I presume, to prevent others 
from catching the disease. 

“The infections period be- 
fore the appearance of the 
rash, however, often ensures 
that the child with duckenpax 
wiH have nifectcd Ms class- 
mates before isolation-" ( 
Steps do need to be taken to' 
protect children whose im- 
mune system is compromised 
by disease or drags, the doc- 
tors say, bat it is probably 
better to keep them away from 
chfekenpex rather than the 
chkkenpox away from them. 

Action on 

The Court of Appeal gave 
its approval yesterday to disci- 
plinary proceedings being 
brought by the General Medi- 
cal Council against the Harley 
Street slimming expert. Dr 
Sidney Gee. 

But the judges agreed that 
Dr Gee, of Chester Dose 
North, Regent's Park, north 
London, was entitled to know 
the full farticuiars of the 
charges against him. 

It was a. year ago that the 
doctor, who has practices in 
Hailey Street and Rochester, 
Kent, won more than. 
£100,000 libel damages over 
the BBC That’s Life pro- 
gramme which had branded 
him as a “profiteering, unscru- 
pulous quack". 

MP wins Eye 
libel case 

Pressdram, publisher of Pri- 
vate Eye, has paid substantial 
libel damages with costs to Mr 
Allan Roberts, Labour MP for 
Bootle, over an article which 
implied that he might be 
prosecuted for sex offences. 

The High Court in Liver- 
pool was told yesterday that 
the publisher had apologized 
for any distress caused by the 
unfounded allegations in an 
article in 1983. 

Tory choice 

Thechainnan of Luton 
Town Football Club, Mr Da- 
vid Evans, has been chosen as 
Conservative prospective par- 
liamentary candidate for Wel- 
wvn Hatfield- The present 
Ton. MP. Mr Christopher 
Murphy, is not standing at the 
next general ejection. 

iSOSSr Franc*, J (Lab). 14 . 098 . C 
nwU l ZS06. 

Science report 

Radio helps to track 
brown hares’ habitat 

By Hugh Clayton, Environment Correspondent 
Radio transmitters small diversity of craps .A court >y 

enough to be attached to wild ^ 

creatures are nsed increasnig- 64 h^e&. 

i i. * 0 caJt* {be mysteries of Radfe-tracking showed imu 
their daily habits. Information theammafe^eol^Hh^g^ 

gained by radio has increased ^ day^fedinopenfefesad 
Irm'ImIm ftf Hu Kfe stvies of night. A hare s foraging area 

mfjiit extend to more than ISO 

a< Conserrancy s*ff tori 

Sort to find out why 

Sir mmhers iH Brftam seem haw's dedme rational^, une 

tofceep faUmg. . 

The hare o a hmely and 
little researched animal ami 
there b scant statistical -evi- 
dence about its decline. The 
brown hare is more aw*®® 
than the smaller Scottish Mae 
hare. . 

The number of hares shot 
tBoS the strong impressions of 
'"gamekeepers and other coun- 
try people suggest that hare 
n Mah riniK hi imusy commes 
have falter) in the P® 5 * Jj® 
jrare. Scientists from the 

tos the recent succession of 
cold springs and the other an 
apparent increase inthe popu- 
bSn of foxes, which will 

attack hares. . , ^ 

The third was the destroy 

mm in — ., 

2 nd the cultivation of wide 
stretches of shigte enys. 
Hares are active and have 
Ifrtfe body fet in which to Store 
food energy if snppDes in the 
gelds are low. 

Thev therefore needed, the 
staff 'said, a succession of 

jars. Sdenoso were young at 

Game Coosensaacy c«^ht “Jgs times of the year, and 

hares in nets on K of to 

farmland and tracked each by ^?_“SlX rn brmine prae- 

UH&SUflifiQ ww — 

radio for several weeks. 

Coaming of hares 
area 38 years ago K*ve an 

a trium (MHoIaliOfl Of 27® f® 

(he -aWk. By the earh 

He in. Modem fanning prac- 
tices denied them ooth. 

Jaantal of ApptlcdEcc^p^ 
23~«r 1 (BlackweU SocntiGc 

PabBcartons. Osney Mead^Ox- 
I .«■, net - « naval sstemis- 

some 332 police vehicles have 
been damaged while left 

“People are getting their 
kicks by punching a police- 
man or smashing the lights on 
one of our cars. Policemen 
have suffered broken bones, 
black eyes, and back injuries 
from being kicked." 

He said that manpower 
shortages made it increasingly 
difficult to maintain commu- 
nity policing. 

“The public still demand 
the reassurance of a tradition- 
al policeman on foot in the 

of Kelly 
recall the 
proud ship 

Survivors from Captain 
Lord Louis Mountbatten’s 
sunken destroyer HMS Kelly 
gathered yesterday at the Im- 
perial War Museum to view a 
commemorative display 
about their ship and attend the 
launch of a book about their 

Bedecked in medals, IS of 
the survivors from the de- 
stroyer captained by Lord 
Mountbatten, wereon hand to 
commemorate the day 45 
years ago when the Kelly was 
sunk by German dive bomb- 
ers off Crete with the loss of 
126 seamen. 

A small window display, 
now on at the Imperial War 
Museum, is all that is left of 
the ship. Among the objects 
on show are the diary and 
wallet that were in Lord 
Mountbatten's pocket at the 
tune of the attack, and a letter 
be wrote to the next of kin of 
one of the dead seamen. 

Mr Ron Hall of Grimsby, 
who was a gunner aged ]9 
serving on his first ship when 
it was attacked and sank said: 
“When you think how many 
ships were lost during the war, 
h is a great tribute to the 
Captain that the men of HMS 
Kelly still meet regularly and 
look after each other." 

He recalls how the Kelly 
was in a sharp turn moving at 
30 knots and trying to evade 
air attack when it was hit and 
began to sink. 

“The ship turned over on its 
ride and began to go under 
quickly,” Mr Hall said. 
“Those of us alive just swam 
away from her as fast as 
passible in case she took us 
down with her." 

The secretary of the HMS 
KeUy Reunion Association, 
Mr Rocky Wilkins, of Harlow, 

Lady Pamela Hicks, Lord Mountbatten's younger daughter, joining survivors of HMS Kel- 
ly outside the Imperial War Museum yesterday (Photograph: John Manning). 

The Prince of Wales, as the 

west London, said that Lord 
Mountbatten kept in weekly 
contact with the survivors of 
KeUy and the next ofkin of the 
dead, even when he had 
pressing duties as Viceroy of 
India and First Sea Lord. 

Mr W ilkin s and another 
survivor from the ship, Mr 
Bill Watten, of Dover, will be 
travelling to Crete this week 

sinking of KeUy on Friday. 
Another tribute to the dead 
will be held simultaneously at 
Horse Guards Parade. 

Mr William Pattmson, a 
former journalist, and the 
author of Mountbatten and the 
Men of the KeUy said his book 
had been weU received by the 
survivors of the destroyer who 
had helped him with his six- 

for the commemoration of the a year research work. 

new patron of the HMS Kelly 
Reunion Association, wrote 
the forward to the book. 

The story of the Kelly 
inspired the wartime film In 
Which We Serve, with Noel 
Coward playng the hero based 
on Mountbatten. Members of 
the cast and production team 
attended the ceremony 

count cost 
of legal 
aid bills 

By Frances Gibb 
Legal Affairs Correspondent 

Many solicitors are now 
owed tens of thousands of 
pounds for legal aid work 
because of the delays in the 
payment of bills, according to 
the Legal Aid Practitioners’ 

In its latest bulletin, the 
group, the main organization 
for lawyers specializing in 
legal aid. says a growing 
number of firms now face- 
serious financial problems be- 
cause of delays which are 
getting worse. 

It cites one London firm 
which it says is owed more 
than £80.000, some of it for 
work done well over a year 

“Their legal aid work is 
increasing, yet the payments 
are getting smaller so the debt 
is growing week by week.” 

Mr Peter Soar, chairman of 
the group, says: “This is a 
common situation throughout 
the country. Many practices 
are under extreme pressure 
from their banks because of 
their borrowing increases. 

The main reason, he says, is 
insufficient funding for the 
legal aid offices to employ the 
extra staff needed to deal 
promptly with the payment of 

Mr Soar is urging the Law 
Society, which administers the 
legal aid scheme, to join the 
Legal Aid Practitioners' 
Group in its efforts to remedy 
the situation. 

In a letter to Mr David 
Edwards, legal aid secretary, 
he says the Government al- 
ready has “very tight — some 
would say excessivly tight — 
control of legal aid in the first 
place” and it is 
“unconscionable" that it 
should create further delay. 

tire antoiris. By U* 

doesn't make 

Low-level radioactive waste is the by-product of the 
invaluable services provided by the use of radioactivity in 
electric power generation, industry, scientific research and 
medicine, (ft includes medical syringes and doctors' gloves, 
paper towds from the nuclear industry and worn -out 
industrial instruments). 

So, ft follows that the nation needs a means of safely 
disposingof this waste.. 

In recognition of this fad. Parliament will shortly 
decide whether it should authorise a Special Development 
Order for the in\restigation of four possible disposal 
sites. Eventually one may be chosen for development 

Which is where UK Nirex Ltd comes in. 

ft is our job to implement the Government's strategy 
. for the safe and efficient disposal of this low-level waste. It is 
our wish to provide anyone who asks with information 
about our proposals. 

Of course, we haven't the space here to tell you all 
about low-level radioactivity. Or why intermediate and high- 
level waste is managed separately. 

But if you'd like to know, please write for our Fact File 
to Peter Curd, at UK Nirex Ltd, Information Office,' 

Curie A/enue, Harwell, Didcot, 

O>oi OX11 0RH. 

Vte can give you the reasons why saying no 
to low-level radioactive waste is no solution. 

United Kingdom Nirex 

Nuclear Industry Radioactive Waste Executive. 






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w,fh Eastsrn ' V° u could have ample time to reflect on the terrible gaff you've made 

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The wings of the Americas 



TUESDAY MAY 20 1986 


Gloom and violence in wake of South Africa’s cross-border raids 

Attacks destroy peace mission 

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"■*> , The South African bornhs 
that blasted African National 
-Confess bases in Zimbabwe. 
Zambia and Botswana have 
also destroyed the Coram- 
onwcahh peace mission in 
South Africa. 

Although British officials 
yesterday expressed vain 
hopes that the Commcm- 
wealth Emment Persons 
Group (EPG) would continue 
its bid to promote a dialogue 
between Pretoria and black 
South Africans, Mr Shridath 
Ramphal, the Commonwealth 
Secretary-General, m ade clear 
his view that the imposition of 
economic sanctions was now 
the only way of bringing an 
end to apartheid. 

In an angrily-worded state- 
ment. Mr Rarophal said that 
South Africa had "declared 
war against peace in southern 
Africa”. Arguing that the 
Commonwealth's peace mis- 
sion had been doing too weO 
for Pretoria's liking, he stated 
that South Africa had re- 
sponded “in .the most brutally 
' orchestrated manner to our 
- effort to end apartheid by 
. peaceful means”. 

In remarks which were 
dearly directed at Britain's 
persistent refusal to counte- 
nance economic sanctions, he 

added: “What more do West- 
ern countries need to disen- 
gage from South Africa and 
ostracize it from tinman soci- 
ety in both economic and 
political terms? 

“Those who are sipine now 

Gleariy embarrassed by the 
timing of the raids, British 
Government ministers ex- 
pressed their anger at the 
South African action. Mr Leo 
Evans, the South- African 
Charge d 1 Affaires, was sum- 

Ten die as rival 
groups dash in 
Cape township 

. down by Mis Lynda Cbalker, 
especially those whose policies the Minister of Stale responsi- 
heip apartheid.** ble for Africa. 

A new confrontation within -In the Commons Sir Geof- 
the Commonwealth now frey Howe, the Foreign Secre- 
seems certain,.between Britain tary, strongly condemned the 
and die overwhelming major- violation of the sovereignty of 
ity of the members of the 49- three Co mm onw ealth coun- 
nanon body who support tries and deplored the loss of 
economic sanctions, when a life involved, 
mini-summit is held later this The decision to set up th£ 
year to consider a report by EPG was mtcwi at die Com- 

mini-summit is held later 
year to consider a report by 
the EPG. 

The report is due to be 
completed next month, proba- 
bly in advance of a United 
Naiions-sponsored conference 
on sanctions against South 
Africa due to be held in Paris 
from June 16 to 20. 

Members of the group, who 
had travelled back to South 
Africa from Zambia only 
hours before the attacks took 
{dace, prematurely ended their 
mission yesterday. Members 
were frying back to London 
lastnignt after meeting South 
African Cabinet ministers. 

monwealth summit in Nassau 
last October. 

The group was trying to put 
together a package in which 
Pretoria would legalize the 
ANC and release Mr Nelson 
Mandela, the jailed ANC lead- 
er, in return for the ANC 
dedaring a truce in its guerril- 
la struggle and pledging to rad 

Over the past few days, 
however, there had been signs 
that their peace plan had been 
running info opposition from 
both the South Africans and 
the ANC. 

Passtoors gets 10 years for treason 

Cape Town (Renter) — At 
least 10 men have died in two 
days of bloody dashes be- 
tween rival groups of Macks in 
a Smith African squatter 
camp. Doctors treating the 
wounded said yesterday they 
feared the death toll might be 


Police said the 10 died at 
Crossroads camp near Cape 
Town, where they estimated 
about 800 shacks were de- 
stroyed by fire. 

Local doctors said more 
than 30 people were hut. 

One doctor said he had seen 
the body (da victim of earlier 
rioting being set alight as it lay 
on a dirt road in the camp, 
which booses many thousands 
of poor Macks. 

Hundreds of homeless fam- 
ilies camped out on the 
permimeter of the camp. 

The sound of gnnfire echoed 
through the corrugated iron 
dwellings as Made radicals 
fought with conservative Mack 
vigilantes, accused by resi- 
dents of being sponsored by 
state agencies. 

The fighting took place a 
few miles from government 
offices where a Common- 
wealth group was due yester- 

day to continue talks aimed at 
Teconriluig South Africa's 
white-dominated Government 
with its anti-apartheid 

The rioting began daring a 
weekend in which 12 blacks 
were killed throughout the 


Police said riot officers m 
armoured troop carriers pa- 
trolled the canto yesterday as 
tension remained high. 

Four women and a child 
wen burnt to death overnight 
after a petrol bomb attack on a 
house at Kagiso near 

Riot police fired shotguns to 
disperse a crowd stoning a 
pol ice vehicle, killing one 
Mack man at Mbelcweni near 
Paarl in Cape Province, scene 
of several riots. 

Another black youth died 
when police opened fire with 
shotguns to disperse a crowd 
at Naas in eastern Transvaal, 
police added. 

More than 1,500 people 
have been killed in 27 months 
of rioting and South African 
state radio has hinted that the 
authorities may soon crack 
down on unrest. 

From Ray Kennedy, Jo hannes burg 

Helene Pasatoore (left), who 
was convicted of treason in 

Ms Passtoors, former wife 
of Baas de Jonge, the Dutch 

South Africa even though she fugitive who teas been in The 
holds Dutch and Belgian riri. Netherlands embassy a Pre- 
zenship, was sentenced to 10 toria since he escaped from 
years’ ratorisonment yesterday police custody last July, was 
mthe Rand Supreme Court in acquitted last week of terrar- 
Johannesburg. ism. The jodge found her gnil- 

Mr Justice Spoelstra told ty of treason because, he said, 
Ms Passtoors, aged 44, who although not a South African 
said she helped the African citizen she owed allegiance to 
National Congress because the state, 
she felt it her duty to fi ght 
racism: “You are not punished 
for your convictions but for the 
acts flowing from them.” 

End of dialogue 
with Zimbabwe 

From Jan Raath, Harare 

Until this week’s incursion ister. warns 
by South African troops in could not c 
Zimbabwe, the two countries the South 
had defused hostilities by Force would 
means of talks between high- Zimbabwi 
ranking military and intellt- cused South 
geoce officers. fug military 

ister. warned Harare that if it 
could not control the rebels 
the South African Defence 
Force would. 

Zimbabwe has often ac- 
cused South Africa of mount- 
ing military operations over 

She bad assisted Mr de 
Jooge m establishing an arms 
cache near Johannesburg. 

Mr Robert Moj 
the bombed AN 

be, Zimbabwe's Prime Minister, leaving 
offices in central Harare yesterday. 

Continuing controversy over the Chernobyl disaster 

Moscow dismisses use of Israeli doctor says time 

containment buildings was J^^^2 ,ms 

Zimbabwe has long main- the Limpopo. South Africa 
tained that it does not allow denies it. 
military activities on its soil n is hard to verify whether 
by the African National Con- Zimbabwe denies military fa- 
grcss or any other similar ciliues to the ANC. There are 

From lan Murray, Jerusalem 

Precious time was wasted mistakes of C 
after the Chernobyl nuclear What shot 


Late last year, however, a 
series of landmine blasts on 
the South African ride of the 
Limpopo river brought accu- 
sations from Pretoria that they 
were planted by ANC guerril- 
las based in Zimbabwe. Mr R. 
F.“Pik" Botha, the Foreign 

no obvious signs of such 
installations here, and the 
ANC says it is closely moni- 
tored by the Zimbabwe secret 

South Africa is Zimbabwe's 
closest trading partner. Mr 
Robert Mugabe, the Prime 
Minister, has adopted an offi- 

Ffodx Christopher Walker, Moscow Precious time was wasted 

The Soviet Union has no some of the main aspects of part of a rundown for routine SS™ hasfc med£ 

Z intention of re-thinking its the worid's worst nuclear acci- maintenance, although there „> l)Kt<t on the victims. Dr 
controversial pdifes of siting = tfeatstffl -without any dear had been aTiiomenlary, 10- Vair SnTMAviv 

t ..nuclear reactors near heavily- explanation. - second power bum up to 50 • 

- populated areas as a result of Some of the small group of percent He gave no adequate 3 js ( j octor was 

the Chernobyl disaster. It is Western reporters a tten d in g reason for this sudden burst, arriving back 

. also dismissive of the type of the briefing at the beadquar- which has been identified as fw^Mosccw where be had 
radiation containment vessels ters of the Novosti news the main direct cause leading been oart of the team bronaht 
' being incorporated into plants agency later expressed sur- to the explosion. bone marrow 

in i he West as a key safety prise at the complacent tone Mr Yemflianov added to 

factor. adopted by Mr Vernikov, the controversy about toe u ^ e losSj he ^ ^ 

This unrepentant response whose appearance was part of Soviet Union s delay in m- duc w ^ 0 f forward 

being incorporated into plants agency later expressed sur 
in the West as a key safety {Rise at the complacent ton 
factor. adopted by Mr Yemilianov 

This unrepentant response whose appearance was part o 
to toe disaster was spell out a concerted campiagn to icas 
yesterday at a special briefing sure the world about th< 
by Mr Ivan Yemilianov, dep- consequences of the disaster, 
uty chief of the Soviet Energy Mr Yemilianov dismisses 
Equipment Institute and one suggestions of any design laul 
of toe chief designers of the ; 

RMBK-type reactors, one of ~ , ■» 

which caught fire with such vrOflZJuCZ 10 SGCfc 
consequences on disaster details 
^Experience shows that Senor Felipe Gonz&lez arrived 

a concerted campiagn to reas- forming the rest of the world ^^^ t ^&elvthat 
sure the world about the about the massive leak of 

consequences of the disaster, radioactivity until the ni^ht of y h __ accident were to 
Mr Yemilianov dismissed April 28, when he £5 in 
suggestions of any design feult answer to a question from an JggJ dortm^StouS 

" ■■ ■ i ^ e j^ir? >I hSSS d ^J5 'mJ politicians needed to realize 

fn this and to leam from the 

v_ containment vessels do not In Moscow yesterday, becom- 

h» thp fil'd .SlHinNll Prime 

guarantee complete safety, tag the first Spanish I*ime 
--■ Those of the type used in the Minister to make an official 
-' West c anno t stand very high visfr to the Soviet Union since 
- pressures thrusting upwards diplomatic relations between 
and are easily fractured,” he the two o^tiuswe re- 
said. sumed in 1977 (Richard Wigg 

aid. sumed in 1977 (Richard Wigg 

“The vessels are also dan- writes from Madrid) ^ 
gerous because personnel may The viriL fastiBg five days, 
be luDed into a felse sense of wfll make Seftm Gonzalez the 

security by them.' 

Mr Yemilianov, a winner of to see Mr Gorbachov, toe 
the Lenin Prize and one of the Soviet , ® a d er \ J" e 

founding fethers of the large CWfoyl disa^, 

Soviet nudear power indus- and he hopes to learn addinon- 
try, also defended the al details. . . 

Kremlin's poto of coupling 

reactors, a practice which amtart^®« 

■ some experts argue greatly befw* living, also wants to 
" increates the risk of disaster. (rfMoscow s 

But he did acknowledge that of the rfeksin 
--toe building housing reactor 

^ number thAe at Chernobyl, gton toe United 

» which was situated “a few -g- 

^hundred metres” from toe one Tire Sa vlrt Umon dbrtly 
which caught fire, may have 
been darned. ^ 

The expert said that outside mainly steel products to tne 

Lening rad , toe second largest soviet union. 

Soviet city, toe coupled nude- . . . a „ H 

ar reactors war about a mile m toe Cheroot^l J^ctor.and 
apart. “Operating coupled re- appeared jo hmt that hurnan 
actors is by no means inferior error m relation to the 
to ooeraiing them ofthe cooling system Trad been 

indivKjuaUj’.’' be asserted 10 tome - 
“So Err there are no signs of not say this s pcancaliym 
any reconsideration here of advance of toe commission 
the concept of siting nuclear prating its re po rt 
reactortfo the vicinity of He 
human settlement.” he said time « 

during a 90 -minuie question i^ciot tod « 

and answer session that left only 6 per cent of po 

suggestions of any design iault answer to a question from an 

- American correspondent that 

-the inquiry headed by Mr 
CrOIlZSUGZ tO Sect Boris Shcherbina had been 

disaster details SfioSaTtf? ° f "" 

Safer Felipe Gouzdlez arrived Western diplomats said lat- 
ia Moscow yesterday, becom- cr that.if the commission had 
ing the first Spanish Prime indeed been established so 
Minister to make an official rapidly, it was undear why it 
risk to the Soviet Umon since had been unable to convey 
lipkmiatic relations between any information on the true 
the two countries were re- scale of the: disaster to the 
aimed in 1977 (Richard Wigg Kremlin until April 28th. 
mites from Madrid). Describing the current silu- 

The visit, lasting five days, ation at toe stricken plant, 
irill make Seder Gonz&Iez toe where work to clear the con- 
first EEC head of government taminated debris is being con- 
[o see Mr Gorbachov, the ducted by a 19-tonne remote- 
Soriet leader, dace the controlled bulldozer, Mr 
Chernobyl nudear disaster, Yemilianov said: “We are 
uu) be hopes to learn addition- operating to establish a com- 
il details. petent cooling system to pro- 

Tbe Prime Minister, who ted toe damaged reactor 
pnntorted his EEC cofieagnes inside its concrete covering in 
before leaving, also wants to which it will remain for an 
toari i of Moscow's assessment indefinite period, 
if the risks in the Mediterra- “There is now no chain 
sean after the recent confron- reaction. The damaged reactor 
tertrut between toe United is in a deep, sub-critical 
States and Libya. condition which poses no 

The Soviet Union chiefly threat of uncontrolled nudear 
supplies Spain with petroleum reactions’; 
products, and Sprit sells He went on to outline a 
mainly steel products to the detailed picture of the efforts 
Soviet Union. to entomb the reactor and 

- i ■■ n —ii — freeze the earth around it to 

m the Chernobyl reactor, and prevent any radiation leaking 

mistakes of CbernobyL 

What should have been 
done, be explained, was to 
carry out immediate tissue 
typing on those who had been 
exposed to radiation. This was 
easy shortly after exposure, 
but became more and more 
difficult as time went by. 

He said that, in all, 299 
patients had been examined at 
the scene, and of these only 35 
had needed to be sent to 
Moscow for operations. Some 
— he did not say how many — 
had died before treatment 
Others had been so ill that 
they could not wait for toe 
bone marrow operation and 
had been given foetal liver 
transplants instead. 

Minister, and General Mag- Hal policy of peaceful coexis- 
nus Malan, the Defenoe Min- tence: 

The grim trail of death 

South African cross-border 
raids against ANC taigets: 

Jan 30, 1981: About six blacks 
and Portuguese technician 
killed in raid on Maputo, 

Dec 9, 1982: 30 South African 

factory hit, killing six 

Oct 17, 1983: Three alleged 
ANC officials killed in 

Jane 14, 1985: 1 5 killed in raid 
on Gaborone, capital of Bo- 
tswana. Pretoria claims ANC 

refijgres, many ANC members “ ncrve centre” destroyed. Bo- 
and 12 Lesotho atizens killed ays most of those 

in Maseru, Lesotho. 

May 23, 1983: Aircraft hit 
“ANC hideouts and training 
centres” in Maputo. Pretoria 
says 41 ANC “terrorists” and 
1 7 Mozambique soldiers 
killed. Mozambique says jam 

killed not ANC members. 

Dec 2ft, 1985: Nine killed in 
attack on two houses in Mase- 
ru. Most of dead were South 
African refugees, possibly with 
ANC connections. Pretoria 
denies responsibility. 


contacted his EEC colleagues 
before leaving, also wants to 
learn of Moscow's assessment 
of the risks in toe Meditem- 

appeared to hint that human through into the shallow 
error m relation to the control Ukrainian water table, 
of the cooling system had been Mr Yemilianov, who spoke 

to Name, although he would more like a salesman for a 
not say this specifically in tried and successful product 
advance of the commission rather than one whose whole 
presenting its report mode of operation remains 

He emphasized that at toe suspect, recounted that power 
time of toe accident, the generation would eventually 
reactor tod been operating at re-start at Chernobyl from the 
mriv 6 oer cent of power as undamaged reactors. 

NZ calls 
off talks 

Wellington (AFP) — New 
Zealand suspended explor- 
atory talks in Switzerland to 
settle toe Rainbow Wamor 
affair because of trade sanc- 
tions by France and recent 
remarks by toe French De^ 
fence Minister. M Andre 

Mr David Lange. New 
Zealand's Prime Minister, 
said bis coumo' was not going 
to negotiate under duress. 

Murder charge 

Sydney (Reuter) — A moth- 
er drowned her children m the 
bath and then tried to kill 
herself, a court here was told. 
Sherrie Christine Robert- 
Jones was charged with mur- 
dering her son and daughter 
after giving them 

Bomb arrest 

Ajaccio (Reuter) — Police 
arrested a man in connection 
with the bomb attack which 
killed two people in Corsica 
last week after finding explo- 
sives in his house, judicial 
sources here said. 

Iraqi reply 

Baghdad (Reuter) — Iraq 
confirmed yesterday for the 
first time that its warplanes 
attacked a train in south-west 
Iran last Wednesday, which it 
said was being loaded with 
troops and equipment for a 
Gulf war offensive. Iran said 
at least 77 people were killed 
and 300 wounded in the raid. 

Ex-PM dies 

Baghdad (Reuter) — The 
former Iraqi Prime Minister, 
Taher Yahya, has died in his 
home town of Tikrit. north of 
here. Yahya, aged 73, played a 
prominent role in the “free 
officers" movement, which 
led toe 1958 revolution that 
toppled toe monarchy and 
founded toe republic. 

Burnt to death 

Bangkok (Reuter) — Four- 
teen Thai passengers were 
burnt to death when a tour 
coach caught fire about 60 
miles north of here. 

Viper farm 

Peking (Reuter) — Shanghai 
has set up its first viper form, 
with room to raise 10.000 of 
toe venomous snakes. They 
will be used for medical 
purposes while toe flesh will 
be eaten by people in south 
China, where it is a delicacy. 

Cat out of bag 

Rajshabi. Bangladesh (Reu- 
ter) — A cal jumped out of a 
woman passenger's bag as a 
Bangladesh Airlines plane was 
about to take off on a domestic 
flight from Rajshahi to Dhaka. 
The pilot ordered a search and 
the flight was delayed as the 
cat romped up and down on 
the seats. 

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Shutdown call by Greens 

From Onr Correspondent, Bonn 
He Wot Gcrmaa Great »* ■ 

protests: About 

■ - a^sndincthe tame- Christian Democrat state Go*- 30,000 people took part in 

nudear Jorfdng shaky, was anti-nuclear demonstrations m 

< *E5L Cfc SS e making its also B»de dependent upon the south-west Germany and West 
pkjPfi the SPD producing a concrete Berim during toe Goman 

gsKss?ss»2 S.£3L* 01 

pendent upoa their support. atomic f . Like the Greats in Hanover, 

The Greens form a coaffitan Wj* toey called on Bonn for an 

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- Itast ami* hare been f&Ung toe Greeie agi^ ttoywonW and demanded a 


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In his first public comment 
on how he sees his role in the 
“cohabitation” arrangement 
with the right-wing 
Govemnent, President Mi- 
tterrand has ruled out an early 
dissolution of Parliament. But 
he has left open the possibility 
of his resignation before the 
end of his mandate in 1988. 

During his traditional As- 
censiontide "pilgrimage” to 
the Solutre rock in Burgundy. 
Mr Mitterrand said he intend- 
ed to see that the experiment 
of political cohabitation be- 
tween left and right worked as 
harmoniously as possible. At 
ihe same lime he would 
remain vigilant that “certain 
limits" were not passed. 

“My first duty is to allow 
the majority elected by the 
people to govern." he said. 
“The parliamentary majority 
has every right to have its 
\ iews adopted ... I do not 
intend to prevent the Govern- 
ment from governing. I do not 
mean to wage 3 guerrilla war 
and shall not do so." 

Bui M Mitterrand insisted 
that he had a second duty “to 
intervene every lime a deci- 
sion could harm the unity of 
the French people, could' ap- 
pear unjusL or couid exclude 
pan of the population". 

He said he saw his role as 
lhaL of a judge protecting 

From Diana Geddes. Paris 

minorities from possible in- 

As President he had three 
main weapons: calling a refer- 
endum. dissolving Parliament 
or resigning. The use of the 
first two he ruled out. describ- 
ing the referendum as “an 
ineffective weapon" and 
maintaining that the dissolu- 
tion of Parliament was only of 
interest after a presidential 
election, never before. 

He preferred to leave his 
resignation in a typical 
Mitterrand fog. while leaving 
his options wide open. He 
claimed that he did not know 
when his presidency would 
end, but he insisted that he 
was the only person with the 
power to bring it to an end 

He had never concerned 
himself with the problem of an 
eventual re-election. “1 never 
set down in my mind that I 
should be President a second 
time”, he said. 

Asked what he thought of 
the recent claims by Socialist 
leaders that he was the only 
possible Socialist presidential 
candidate, he said: “It is very- 
kind of them, but their state- 
ments have been made totally 
independently of me. For 
many years, they have been 
used to me leading their 
struggle . . . One day . they 

must learn to do without me." 

Mr Mitterrand will be 70 
next October. 

.Asked about his spectacular 
rise in the opinion polls since 
the defeat of his party in the 
general election two months 
ago. Mr Mitterrand said he felt 
that the people were grateful 
to him for avoiding the politi- 
cal crisis which many had 
feared under cohabitation. 

The latest polls show Mr 
Mitterrand's confidence and 
popularity ratings at their 
highest level for more than 
four years. 

Cohabitation has also great- 
ly benefited M Jacques Chirac, 
the Prime Minister, who now 
finds himself ahead of all his 
political rivals on the right. M 
Denis Baudouin, M Chirac’s 
spokesman and one of his 
closest colleagues, said he felt 
cohabitation was working 
very well. 

“To say that it is a love 
affair is false." M Baudouin 
said at the weekend. “But to 
say that it is (mutual) hatred is 
3 Iso false. We are civilized 
people, and both sides are 
behaving in a fitting manner. 

“There is a certain wariness 
hut not suspicion. Both the 
President and M Cnirac are 
legalists, and both respect the 
function of the other and seek 
to apply the constitution.” 

A warm welcome for a pilot from the USS Coral Sea, 
took part in the bombing of Libya, at his Virginia ba 

and US 

From Martha de la Cal 

The US Defence Secretary, 
Mr Caspar Weinberger, dis- 
cussed terrorism with Presi- 
dent Soares of Portugal daring 
a brief visit to Lisbon 

Portugal has gone along 
with the EEC decision to limit 
the number of Libyan diplo- 
mats, but most Portuguese 
were opposed to the American 
bombing of Tripoli- 
A few boors before Mr 
Weinberger arrived, the Por- 
tuguese terrorist organization, 
FP-25, which has received 
foods from Libya, Toed a 
mortar round into the grounds 
of Nato headquarters in Lis- 
bon. It was the eighth terrorist 
attack year. 

American ase of the Portu- 
guese air base at Lajes in the 
Azores, especially now that 
Spain is negotiating to red ace 
the presence of the US mili- j 
tary in Spain, was also 

• MADRID: The Spanish 
Government has warned Colo- 
nel Gadafii that it is awaiting a 
Madrid magistrate's finding 
before deriding whether to 
expel the UbyaB acting head 
of mission, who has been 
accused of ordering and fi- 
nancing planned terrorist at- 
tacks in Madrid and Lisbon mi 
US and Jewish targets (Rich- 
ard Wigg writes). 

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From Ian Murray, Jerusalem 

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Syria can be attacked with 
diplomatic or political weap- 
ons if it continues to support 
international terrorism- Mr 
Shimon Peres told the Knesset 
at the start of its summer 
session yesterday. 

The Israeli Prime Minister 
said there was no need to 
resort to military means to 
deal with Syrian-backed 

His remarks were a further 
attempt to end speculation 
that Israel was about to retali- 
ate against Syria for its alleged 
part in planning the bombing 
of an El AJ jumbo jet at 
Heathrow last month. 

Mr Peres welcomed the 
recent denial by President 
Assad ofSyria that his country 
had anything to do with the 
incident. But the test will be 
whether or not Syria does 
something to stop supporting 

Earlier in the day, Mr Peres 
met with Signor Giulio 
Andreotti. the Italian Foreign 
Minister, for discussions on 
international terrorism. 

Mr Peres said he believed 
there were already signs that 
the closer co-operation against 
those states supporting terror- 
ism. agreed at the Tokyo 
summit, was having an effect. 
Colonel Gadaffi was isolated 
in the Arab World, he said, 
and President Assad had been 
forced to explain his position. 

In s separate meeting. Si- 
gnor Andreotti explained :o 
Mr Yitzhak Shamir, the Israeli 
Foreign Minister, that Italy 
preferred to use non-military 
action against terrorism. Mr 
Shamir, however, felt that 
though economic and political £ 
weapons were used, military 
solutions were often the best.’ 

The two foreign ministers 
had a surprisingly brief discus- 
sion about the Palestinian 
problem. According to the 
Israeli Foreign Miaistn 
spokesman, both agreed that 
the five-year-old Venice Dec- 
laration on the Middle East, 
which sets out the EEC's 
policy, was “not operative”. 

The declaration says there 
must be a role for the Palestine 
Liberation Organization 
(PLO) in any negotiated settle- 
ment. and has therefore never 
been taken seriously in Israel 
The Foreign Ministry here 
was therefore well pleased that ? 
such an important member of 
the EECs Council of Minis- 
ters now agreed that the 
declaration was not working. 

Although Mr Peres has been 
playing down the threat of war 
with Syria over terrorism, 
there has been continuing 
pressure from Israeli military 
sources about a Syrian build- 
up in south Lebanon. Sources 
here say that SS missiles are 
soon to be deployed in the 
Bekaa Valley. 

Eight die Union boss 
as missile killed in 
hits plane Philippines 

Nairobi (Reuter) — Eight 
people, including a South 
African-born worker for the 
rock music charity Band Aid, 
died when rebels shot down 
their plane with a missile in 
southern Sudan, the American 
relief agency World Vision 
said yesterday. 

The agency named the Band 
Aid worker as Mr Mark 
Fletcher, who was in his 20s. 
He had been in Sudan for 
about three months. 

The Right Rev John Milau. 
Anglican Bishop in Sudan, 
and the Governor of Lakes 
Province. Mr Makour 
Desbgai. also died when the 
Sudanese military aircraft was 
brought down. 

The plane was on a flight 
from Rumbek. scene of fierce 
fighting between rebel and 
government forces, to Wau. 
where Mr Fletcher was based. 
He and Bishop Milau had 
been discussing refugee aid 
with World Vision and church 

danese marathon runner 
Omar Khalifa carried the 
Sport Aid torch to St Peter's 
Square yesterday, where he 
was greeted by the Pope. 

He is to cany the torch to 12 
European capitals before 
reaching the United Nations 
in New York on Sunday. 

.Angeles City (AP) — Un- 
identified gunmen yesterday- 
shot dead the leader of a 
recent strike at Gark Air Base 
in the Philippines after forcing 
his car off the road, military 
authorities said. 

Remegio Simbillo, aged 44. 
was shot in the back and head, 
said Lieutenant-Colonel Am- 
ado Espino of the Angeles 
metropolitan command. 

Colonel Espino said Mr 
Simbillo had told him he had 
been receiving death threats 
since shortly after settlement 7 
of the strike, which kept 
Filipino employees at the US 
bases of Gark and Subic Bay 
away from work for 1 1 days in 

The officer said authorities 
were looking into the possibil- 
ity that the killing was related 
to the strike. Mr Simbillo was 
president of the Filipino Civil- 
ian Employees Association 
branch for Gark and three 
smaller US military facilities. 

Colonel Espino said Mr 
Simbillo was with a body- 
guard he had hired because of 
telephoned death threats. He 
said the bodyguard. Mr 
Rufino Gamer, aged 33. told 
officers that he, too, was about 
to be shot when one of the l 
gunmen intervened, saying 
they had already hit their 


Kidnap protesters take 
over Managua embassy 

From Aim Tomlinson, Managua 

The West German embassy 
in Managua has been occupied 
by about 60 people protesting 
about the abduction of eight 
West German aid workers on 
Saturday by anii-Saudmista 
Contra guerrillas. 

The protesters, who took 
over the building late on Sun- 
day night want a message sent 
to President Reagan — who is 
seeking congressional approv- 
al for a further $100 million 
(£65.3 million) in aid to the 
Nicaraguan rebels — urging 
him to use his influence with 
the Contras to see that the 
captives are released. 

Twelve West German vol- 
unteers. who were building 

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jjThe Royal E 

Put: urns jr.J .o»J:nrn! uil! be stnt upi* receipt of this ampleitd Jpplicjtiex Jans. 
Interest rate * arijtkU but corrtet jt time ofg?:ssg in press. 

Sean Peter Steinbach, who 
escaped from the Contras 

American and 
Briton reach 
Nepal summit 

Kathmaadu (AP) — An 
Americas and a British climb- 
er have conquered the ragged 
26JJ99 ft Mount Cho-Oyu, 
Nepal's Tourism Ministry 
said yesterday. 

The ministry said James 
Fresh, aged 35, a lawyer from 
Seattle, Washington, the lead- 
er of the eight-man expedition, 
and David Hambly, aged 37. a 
Briton working in Seattle, 
reached the summit on May 8 
and stayed about 30 minutes, 
raising the flags of the US, 
Britain and Nepal. 

The two climbed without 
artifical oxygen supplies or 
support from She? pa guides. 

homes for peasant families 
displaced by the guerrilla war, 
were captured when Contras 
belonging to the Nicaraguan 
Democratic Force (FDN) at- 
tacked the Jacinto Baca farm- 
ing co-operative. 220 miles 
south-east of the capital. 

Four volunteers escaped as 
they were being led away. One J 
was shot in the buttocks and is 
recovering in hospital. Four of 
the remaining eight are wo- 

Fraulein Regina 

Christiansen, 33, a sociologist 
from Hamburg, one of those 
who escaped, said the Contras 
surrounded their bouse and 
sprayed it with automatic 
weapon fire. Her impression 
was that they had come specif- 
ically to kidnap imernacional- 
istas , as foreign aid volunteers 
are known. 

It is the third time in less 
than a year that West German 
civilians working in Nicara- 
gua have been abducted by 
Contras. It is also the third - 
time the West German embas- 
sy has been taken over in 

• BONN: West Germany yes- 
terday condemned the take- 
over of its embassy in Nicara- 
gua and urged the protesters to 
abandon their action (Reuter 

Oslo families 
ask why 
soldiers died 

Oslo — Relatives of the 16 
Norwegian soldiers killed by fr 
an avalanche while on winter 
exercises last March have 
requested a meeting with Mrs 
Helen Boesterud. the Justice 
Minister, to complain ofa lack 
of co-operation from the De- 
fence Department in their 
efforts to discover what went 
wrong (Tony Sam&tag writes}- j 
In most cases, the relatives 
have received an official letter 
or telegram of condolence 
followed by silence. 

The soldiers were killed 
after being sent into the 
avalanche-prone Vassdalen 


t yj*-£*j;S2> 


Smot Majluta (left) claiming victory in the Dominican presidential election, while Senor 
Balaguer, who is lea din g the ruling party's candidate in the count, refuses to comment. 

Dominican poll 
tense as ruling 
party candidate 

Santo Domingo fAP) - 
5enor Jacobo Majluta. the 

Kindled a political crisis bv 

o^rC* 1 ®- winner of 

ine Dominican Republic pres- 
idential election even though 
returns show him trailing 
Senor Joaquin Balaguer the 
opposition leader. 

Senor Majluta’s victory 
claim at a press conference on 
Sunday night. only a few 
hours after the tally had been 
temporarily suspended by the 
Central Elections Board, call- 
ed the entire electoral process 
into question. 

He called for a recount and 
demanded that two members 
of the three-man elections 
board step down. Internation- 
al and national election ob- 
servers. including Archbishop 
Nicolas Jesus de Lopez Rodri- 
guez: have endorsed the con- 
duct of the eleaion. 

Shortly after Senor Majluta 
told reporters. "We won the 
May 15 elections ... I won," 
military officers went on na- 
tional television and radio to 
urge that the public remain 

Soldiers and counter-insur- 
gency police have patrolled 
the streets in cities and towns 
across this Caribbean nation 

of six million since 

Senor Balaguer's aides said 
he refused to respond to Sefior 
Majluta’s declaration. 

Earlier on Sunday, the elec- 
tions board credited Sefior 
Balaguer, aged 78, of the 
centre-right Social Christian 
Reform ist Party, with a lead of 
35.459 votes over Senor 
Majluta, aged 51, of the 
centre-left Dominican Revo- 
lutionary Party. 

With 92 per cent of the 
voting districts reporting. Se- 
nor Balaguer. had 799,968 
votes, or 40.04 per cent to 
Sertor Majluta's 764,509 
votes, or 38 .26 per cent. 

Senor Juan Bosch, aged 76. 
of the left-wing Dominican 
Liberation Party, won most of 
the rest of the votes for 
president that have been 
counted so far — 351.749, or 
17.61 per cent. 

Senor Majluta claimed at 
his news conference that his 
own computer tallies showed 
him with a 3,000-vote lead 
over Senor Balaguer. 

He also chained that thou- 
sands of Dominicans had been 
disenfranchised because more 
than 100,000 potentially valid 
votes were rejected or put on 

Chinese to return 
Taiwan aircraft 

From David Bona via, Hong Kong 
The deadlock over the re- tory went to China, which be- 

lum of a Taiwan-owned 
Boeing 747 cargo aircraft, 
which was diverted to China 
whiie on a flight from Bang- 
kok to Hong Kong two weeks 
ago. was broken yesterday 
when Chinese aviation offi- 
cials agreed to have it flown to 
Hong Kong by one of their pil- 
ots within the next day or two. 

The two crew' members who 
do not want to stay in China 
will be released at the same 
time, but Mr Wang Xtjue. the 
piloL is to remain in China. 

Although the agreement ap- 
peared to be a diplomatic 
victory for Taiwan, which had 
refused to send a pilot to Can- 
ion io pick up the aircraft, 
observers said the moral vic- 

haved with restraint and cons- 
picuous goodwill in accord- 
ance with its recent policy of 
smile diplomacy towards Tai- 

The incident is the first 
official contact between Tai- 
wan and mainland officials 
since the Communist victory 
over the Nationalists in 1949. 
Whether it will lead to other 
negotiations over technical 
matters, or even political talks 
2 boul the reunification of 
Taiwan with the mainland, is 
impossible to say. 

Taiwan’s official policy — 
that it will have no contact 
with Peking — has now been 
breached in the interests of 
concern for the two crew 

Martial law protest 

Taipei f Reuter) — Hundreds 
nf police armed with dubs 
ringed a Buddhist temple in 
Taipei yesterday where 
crowds of demonstrators were 
demanding an end to martial 

The demonstration marked 
Ibe 38fb anniversary of the 
imposition of martial law, 
under which many constitu- 

tional rights, indnding the 
right to form new political 
parties, are suspended. 

About 500 people, chanting 
"down with martial law", wav- 
ing banners and singing Tai- 
wanese folksongs, crammed 
into the courtyard of the 
Dragon Mountain temple, the 
largest in Taipei. 

Royal visit 
for Japan 

From David Watts 

The Princess of Wales not 
only lured Japanese into the 
sirens io see some royal 
glamour during her tour, she 
.iNo rumed their yen for 
British goods into cash. 

Department stores all over 
the country staged British fairs 
or exhibitions, and virtually 
all reported record business. 

The Mitsukoshi department 
store in Tokyo, which was 
visited by the Prince and 
Princess of Wales, took 140 
million yen I about £580,000) 
over five days. much more 
than expected. Whisky, cloth- 
ing. biscuits, jams and choco- 
lates all did their biL 
At Takashimaya, another 
big Tokyo store, a turnover of 
600 million yen at its import 
fair had been expected, but the 
total reached 800 million. 
Much of the extra was attrib- 
uted to the "Diana boom". 

At the Maisuzakaya store in 
Osaka. 1.000 gold medals to 
commemorate the visit were 
sold in iwo weeks. Sales 01 
British goods were up by 
about 1 5 per cent, as was the 
number of shoppers. 

So far the strong yen is not 
having much effect on the 
pnees of British goods in 
Japanese shops, partly be- 
cause some middlemen are 
rcliKtani io pass on the bene- 
fits of the stronger currency. 
But Scotch whisky is coming 
do"*r. in pnee- . 

OoitaRg sales might nave 
been even higher had the 
iV’nc-'s\ show* off more new 
irkes. The Japanese lo\e to 
ha\e .mc*/ thing new. They 
■.m’tv too polite to sa> so. but 
,he> had been hoping all her 
outfits would be ones worn for 
•he firs! time in public. 

Asia bows 
to rhino 

From Charles Harrison 

Conservationists heading a 
campaign to save the world's 
dwindling slock of rhinoceros- 
es. which has fallen from 
70.000 in 1970 to about 
1 1,500 today, say they are 
making progress with a cam- 
paign to persuade Asian coun- 
tries to ban all trade in rhino 

The horn is used widely in 
traditional Chinese medicines 
as an aphrodisiac and for the 
treatment of fevers. 

Dr Esmond Bradley Martin, 
an American geographer 
based in Nairobi who leads an 
international Save the Rhino 
campaign, said; "Success in 
halting the international trade 
in rhino products in eastern 
Asia will, in the long run. 
depend on whether Singapore 
can be persuaded to close 
down its market, and whether 
China will stop exporting 
patent medicines containing 
rhino horn." 

The World Wildlife Fund is 
funding the present campaign, 
with support from the New 
York Zoological Society, the 
African Fund for Endangered 
Wildlife and the Columbus 
Zoo in Ohio. 

They have turned to trying 
to stop the traditional use of 
rhino horn in Cninese and 
other eastern medicines after 
achieving onlv limited success 
in an effort to stop 
the poaching of rhinos 

Dr Martin has visited 13 
Asian countries in the past six 
months, and says that the 
campaign has achieved signifi- 
cant success. In ihe late 1970s, 
medicine shops in eastern 
Asia were using almost five 
tons of rhino horn a year. This 
is now down to about I ' : tons. 

Paris roses go astray 

Fan:- - Almost hall of the 

■ ■ _ _ « in IftP 

.Stance io (Diana Gw- 

jes writes 

or the h".M 0 bushes piani- 
:d Iasi winter. 30000 have 
dread' disappeared despite 
cstilar patrols day and n5 ^ 
r. the French capitals 200 
>jri- :;!T;*ndanlS- 

While roses appear io be the 
most popular, other plants 
and shrubs are also taken, 
particularly azaleas and rho- 

Of more than two million 
plants cultivated every year 
for use in the city's 335 parks 
and gardens, a fifth are des- 
tined to replace those stolen 
by the plant thieves. 

Just about 
the only 
aircraft we 
don’t supply 
fuel for. 

As you can see there is the odd pilot knocking 
around who chooses not to use our fuel to get his 
'crate' off the ground. However, the majority of 
British pilots rely more on fuel from 'air BP' than 
from any other aviation fuelling company. This is 
because we provide a wider range of service to our 
aviation customers. 

We have fuelling facilities at more airports 
than anyone else in the U.K. We supply fuel for 
charter and long haul flights, for the military and 
for executive jets. British Aerospace use our products 
for test flights. Rolls-Royce for ground testing aero 
engines. Helicopters flying to North Sea oil rigs rely 
on our fuel. In fact, there's hardly a single aviation 
operation that we're not involved in. 

And if you do meet a pilot who says he doesn't 
use our fuel, take no notice. It's probably a wind up. 

Britain at its best. 







”"1 ’ prices casts 

From a Correspondent, Buenos Aires 

For decades Argentina has 
had the dubious distinction of 
haring one of the world’s 
unruliest economies. 

Yet in the past 10 months 
.Argentines have been trying to 
accustom themselves to the 
longest period of price stabil- 
ity and the low est inflation in a 
decade, and to the internation- 
al acclaim. 

Bat a recent beating up of 
inflation, after seven months 
of record low rates, has led 
analysts to examine the past 
successes and problems still 
fading the Austral plan, the 
adjustment programme initiat- 
ed on June 14, 1985. 

By mid-June last year, when 
the Economics Minister, Se- 
nor Joan Sourrouilie, an- 
nounced the plan, inflation 
was heading for a monthly rate 
of more than 35 per cent. 
During the plan's first seven 
months total inflation was 37.9 
per cent. 

At the same time, 
Argentina’s decade-old eco- 
nomic stagnation had taken a 
turn for the worse, with gross 
domestic product falling 4.4 
per cent in 1985. With the 
return of price and currency 
stability, economic activity 
also picked np. 

Daring the last quarter of 
1985 and the first of 1986 
industrial production in- 
creased by 20 per cent. 

The statistics are reflected 

In everyday life. Grocery 
stores* shelves now hold a 
wider variety and larger quan- 
tify of goods. Household appli- 
ances and cars are available 
for purchase on credit — 
unthinkable with the previous 
rates of inflation — and fac- 
tories are working overtime. 

However, when inflation 
shot np to 4.6 per cent in 
March and stayed at 4.7 per 
cent in April, the pressures on 
the Austral plan became more 
obvious. Analysts are ques- 
tioning whether the drop was 
only the transitory result of 
the wage/price controls im- 
posed by the plan, and wheth- 
er or not the plan's April 4 
stage-two modifications can 
promote growth in real terms. 

They have focused on six 
areas of concern for the con- 
solidation of the acknowledged 
successes of the Government’s 
economic policy: a wage/price 
spiral, interest rates, exchange 
rates, the stale sector, busi- 
ness attitudes and the interna- 
tional context. 

Pressures from the trade 
anions are strong for the 
Government to grant wage 
increases above the rate of 
inflation forecast in this year’s 
budget. That would in turn 
produce demands from the 
business sector for higher 
prices. The Government has 
so far firmly resisted union 

Only a week ago they 
threatened to withdraw from 
the consultation talks and are 
warning of annfher general 
strike, which would be The fifth 
since the return to democracy 
2 ‘A years ago. 

On the other hand, the high 
real rates of interest main- 
tained under the plan have 
been blamed by business for 
restricting growth possibili- 
ties. Although real interest 
rates are the lowest in 11 
years, they are still ranging 
from 6 to 8 per cent a month 
for first-line companies and 
credit is scarce. 

Exchange rate parity for the 
austral, the new currency in- 
troduced as part of the anti- 
inflation campaign, was main- 
tained without modification 
until April 4. Since then it has 
been subject to mini-devalua- 
tions. totalling 4.9 per cent 
since June 1985. 

Economists and business- 
men are also concerned about 
the prospects for any rapid 
restructuring of the state sec- 

In addition to its internal 
economic adjustments, Argen- 
tina’s future is gravely condi- 
tioned by two external factors. 
With a $4 8 billion foreign 
debt, international interest 
rates and a climate of under- 
standing among foreign credi- 
tors clearly mark potential 
limits for Argentine stability. 
















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Gandhi says Colombo 
moving to military 
solution of Tamil Crisis 

. Tamil separatist guerril- 
jas blew up badges and roads 
in northern Sri T-anir^ yester- 
day, the Indian Prime Minis- 
ter, Mr Rajiv Gandhi, said 
that the Colombo Govern- 
ment appeared to be moving 
towards a military solution to 
the Tamil problem and no 
longer trusted a political 

Renewed military action by 
the Sri Lankan Army in the 
rebel-dominated northern 
peninsula of Jaffna, and a 
determined statement from 
President Jayewardene vow- 
ing to “crush the terrorist 
menace”, have put additional 
difficulties in the way of the 
Indian initiative to start peace 
talks in the ethnic conflict. 

Mr Gandhi also accused the 
Sri Lankans of changing their 

Frhm Midm f l Wnmly n t T Vlhl 

thinking on the problem by 
diluting proposals discussed 
10 days ago with an Indian 
delegation m Colombo. 

“We thought the mifc* twH 
been good and a solution was 
possible,” he said. But before 
he left on a six-day torn" of 
Africa, the Sri i-ankan High 
Commissioner met him and it 
appeared flat his Gov- ' 
cm merit’s thinWng was chang- 
ing, Mr Gandhi added. 

Mr Gandhi appealed to 
Colombo not to take any step 
to weaken the proposals that 
the Indians will pul to the 
Tamil groups. 

The Sri La nkan High Com- 
missioner, Mr Bernard TBa- 
keratne, met the leader of the 
Indian delegation, Mr P. 
Chidambaram, a junior min- 
ister and a Tamil, at the 

weekend, and is reported to 
have told him that there can 
be no further purpose in 
providing amplifications and 
clarifications of the latest for- 
mulations unless the Tamil 
groups agree to discuss them. 

The militants, who are shel- 
tered in the south Indian state 
of Tamil Nadu, have so far 
dismissed every set of Sri 
Lankan proposals, even 
though they have been pre- 
sents under the auspices of 
the Indian Government. 

The problem the. the Sri 
I^nkans face at present is the 

apparent unwillingness of the 
militants to talk. “I am getting 
mixed signals from them,” Mr 
LaJjlh Athulathmudali. the 
Minister for National Securi- 
ty, said last week. 

* Bridges blown up to delay troops 

Fighting between govern- 
ment troops backed by heli- 
copter gunships and Tamil 
separatist guerrillas continued 
for the third day yesterday in 
the Northern Province. 

The guerrillas blew up the 
Thalliaddy causeway and a 
bridge between Pallai and 
Sorovpattu in an attempt to 
prevent troops from moving 
along roads in the province. 

A security source said this 
was the biggest movement of 
troops on northern roads since 
they had been confined to 
barracks after the ceasefire 

From Vjptha Yapa, Colombo 

negotiated with Tamil sepa- 
ratists in June last year. 

“Troops have moved on the 
roads since then but till last 
weekend no concerted at- 
tempt was made by them to 
wrest control' of the roads 
from the Tamil terrorists ami 
to reimpose their authority,” 
he said. 

Reports from Jaffna indi- 
cate a mass movement of 
troops, with residents express- 
ing fears that the Government 
was planning an offensive. But 
government sources said no 
large offensive was planned 

and the movement of troops 
was slow 

Nineteen Tamil guerrillas 
are reported to have been 
killed over the weekend. 

Sri Lanka's Army chiet 
: Lieutenant-General Cyril 
Ranatunga, visited Jaffna and 
met Tamil elders. He said 
troops were exercising “maxi- 
mum restraint and caution” 

Meanwhile, the Tamil Unit- 
ed Liberation Front appealed 
to the Government to rescind 
its order for nearly 200 Tamil 
state employees to be sent on 
special leave from yesterday. 

Rescuers remove an injured passenger from the wreckage of an excursion train which de- 
railed in Virginia yesterday, injuring 128 people and blocking 

two main lines (below). 

Kurds gain ground 
in Iraq highlands 

One of the two main mili- 
tary organizations of the three 
to tour million Kurds in Iraq 
has expelled government 
forces from an area of the 
northern highlands estimated 
by observers to be more than 
500 miles square. 

A spokesman for the Kurdi- 
stan Democratic Party of Iraq, 
led by the brothers Massud 
and Idriss Barzami, now based 
in Iran, said in a telephone 
interview from Damascus, 
Syria, that it was also about to 
attack the strategically-placed 
town of Dihok, on the interna- 
tional highway linking Bagh- 
dad and Turkey. 

The party says that on May 
15 it seized the town of 
Mangesh, near Mosul. On 
Sunday it announced that it 
had also destroyed three army 
outposts based on the border 
town of Zakho. 

By Hazhir Teimonrian 

Iraq has remained silent on 
the claim, but it is known that 
it has had to switch the best of 
its troops to the war front with 
Iran, leaving the defence of the 
north to second-rate con- 
scripts and poorly trained, 
part-time militiamen, many of 
whom are Kurdish and sym- 
pathetic to the guerrillas. 

If the party managed to cut 
the highway it would stop the 
movement of hundreds of 
lorries carrying important 
supplies from Turkey and 
Europe to Baghdad. It would 
also threaten a vital pipeline 

Turkey has warned Iran 
that, unless it restrains the 
parly, an Iranian ally in the 
war against President Saddam 
Husain of Iraq, from threaten- 
ing the pipeline and the high- 
way. it will send troops into 
northern Iraq to defend its 

Zealots riot over poll defeat 

Islamic fund amen ta lists 
went on the rampage in south- 
ern Bangladesh, setting a po- 
lice station on fire and 
breaking into a bank, after 
election officials declared that 
their candidate had failed to be 
re-elected to Parliament, po- 
lice and witnesses said. 

At least seven people were 
killed and more than 300 
wounded when security forces 
opened fire to qnell rioting in 
two rural constituencies at the 
weekend. Four people, includ- 
ing a woman and her one-year- 
old child, died when riot police 
fired into a crowd of 10,000 
besieging a local police 

From Ahmed Fari, Dhaka 

About 100 supporters of the 
Islamic United Movement 
were arrested on charges of 
arson and looting. Authorities 
said that 15 policemen were 
injured in the Mathbaria rural 
constituency, where an inde- 
pendent candidate was de- 
clared elected. 

Near the resort town of 
Cox’s Bazaar gtut battles 
flared, and petrol bombs and 
grenades were thrown daring 
clashes between supporters of 
the Government-backed 
Jatiyo Party and the opposi- 
tion Awami League. Police 
said three people were lolled 
and more than 45 wounded. 

Elections in 14 constituen- 

cies, where voting had previ- 
ously been suspended because 
of violence, were held on 
Sunday and voting was sched- 
uled for 11 others yesterday. 

Meanwhile, the Jatiyo Par- 
ty gained a majority in Parlia- 
ment, winning 149 of the 288 
seals where counting has been 
completed. It is followed by 
the Awami League with 73 
seats. On May 7, 300 constitu- 
encies wait to the polls. 

• Siege ended: Police in boats 
converged from four directions 
to end a two-day siege of two 
villages by more than 10,000 
people armed with spears and 
bows in the Brahman baria 
district yesterday. 

^ Liberals bear brunt of voter resistance 

Parties set sights 
on welfare state 



Pari 2 

The Christian Democrats 
in The Netherlands, led by 
Mr Ruud Lubbers, are 
campaigning on the elec- 
tion slogan "Lei Lubbers 
finish the job”. In the 
second of a two-part se- 
ries, Robert SdmU. our 
Amsterdam correspon- largely cosmetic, a manoeuvre 
dent, examines whether copied frtrathe T hatch er Gor- 
" finishing the job” means miMentbywhicli certain cater 
dismantling what was. m 

with Sweden perhaps the 

most comprehensive web - ^ M 

for^ftateon earth. ■ net Ting (mempteyment way 
While Ctemofeyl may lave down at least it brought it to a 
delivered the crag» de grace to dMrfdai. _ 
the present coalition's major- as the country's (inan- 

ity in the Lower House, & is health seem ed to be 
the Call from electoral grace of improving, 0 fl prices arf- 
thc liberals, the junior part- lapsed. Although not an oO- 

ner, that is the most crippling 

The Liberals are somewhat 
unfairly seen as the party that 
wants to dismantle the welfare 
state. As the Dutch tend to do 
things thoroughly, their wel- 
fare state is probably even 
more funky entrenched than 
La Sweden, the example usual- 
ly cited. Bnt at a cost. 

As unemployment soared 
after the mid-1970s ofl crisis 
to reach a level unparalleled in 
Europe, public spending m 
The Netherlands also rose to 
unparalleled heights. 

From the start, the centre- 
right coalition of Christian 
Democrats and Liberals made 
dear that one of their mam 
aims would be to pa t the 
country's finances on to a more 
even keeL 

Four years ago, when the 
Government of Mr Ruud Lub- 
bers came to power, Holland 
was spending about a qnarter 
of its income mi social bene- 
fits. Although a smgeos% 
lancet was used rather ton m 
axe, by the end of 1982& 
Government was cutting woe 
dra s tically on public expendt- 

prodneer. The Netherlands 
produces and exports vast 
quantities of natural gas, its 
only real natural resource, the 
prices of which me linked to 
ofl prices. Revenues have fall- 
en dramatically, so the next 
Government wfll have to envis- 
age even further cuts in public 

The Christian Democrats 
A»i» that their programme 
for the next four years wfll 
reduce unemployment to 

•?*»: ? 

unemployed, invalids, 
stoners, widows and orphans. 

Those on the dole, wr 
instance, fell back to the 
minimum income level — stm 
high by most West Enxopean 
standards at about £25 0 a 
month for a single person aged 

over 23 with no chfldrea - 
more rapidly than in the past 
In many respects, the eco- 
nomic programme has tad 

considerable succe ss. The 

public borrowing requirement 

was brought down from seariy 
12 per cat of GNP to lew 
than 7 per cent Business w* 
industtyhave deariy P**ed 
np and exports are booai^. j 

What has not materialized 

is the Government's promise 

Mr Ed Nijpels: youth but 
little electoral appeaL 

500,000. Mr Lubbers wants to 
achieve this fry continuing the 
present coalition and. its eco- 
nomic policies, requiring fur- 
ther spending cats of about 
■r? q bflfion over the next four 

yearn- ... 

While ft is dear that th is is 
what the Christian Democrats 
mean by their election slogan 
“Let Lubbers finish the job”, 

it does not seem ta be harming 
the party's electoral ch a n ces. 

Opinion polls mere or less 
consistently predict that the 
party wfll retain Its 45 seals in 
the 150-seat Lower House. 
This is probably due mainly to 
the great personal prestige of 
Mr Lubbers. 

The losses his Liberal part- 
ners are fikdy to suffer are 
probably not doe so much to 
the policies they advocate, 
which do not differ greatly 

Niipete, the Libends' young 

800,000 four yarn *° 
about 680.000 now. 

this is 


Briton in conisi resi ts 
to her fiance’s touch 


into a coma and ten* 0 * ^ 
last week 

francos touch, WparosJ"* 

hand as he played 

music at her hospital b f dad 
It ms 

improvement hi M® 

swamp-Her fiance, Mr Roger 
Jones, a social, worter m 
Southampton, said he had 

been playing music by her 
favourite rock groups, Dire 
sJSb and Mra at Work, 
when she responded on Sun? 
day. Her condition is listed as 
critical but stable- 

nidus from London for 

In the year to 31st January ’86, the Halifax lent 
over £5.2 billion, gave over 235,000 new loans, 
granted 106,000 improvement loans, opened : 

New lending on target 

For the second year in succession our 
lending exceeded £5,000 million. At £5,27 0 
million it was exactly in line with our 
predictions to you a year ago. The number of 
new mortgages completed was 235,000 and 
we arranged a further 106,000 loans for 
improvements and repairs. Forty-five per 
cent of the new loans were for first-time 
buyers and over twelve per cent on newly- 
built homes. 

We are determined to fulfill our role of 
supporting and financing what almost 
everybody wants - a home of their own. 

Cardeash-a major success 

Many of our investors? savings schemes 
were improved during 1985 and members 
responded by investing a record amount 
of new money with the Society. One of our 


We achieved the 
objectives we set 

points taken tom the 
speech by Richard Hornby 
Chairman of the Society at 
theAGM on 19th May, 1986 

further £200 million issue in January 1986. In 
November 1985 we became the first private 
sector institution to issue index-linked stock, 
to match planned index-linked lending to 
housing associations. 

New bill 

means new opportunities 

Our members’ needs change and we 

over many years (and the 9-million members 
of the Halifax bear witness to it) had to be 
abandoned because building societies were 
denied the means to meet new competition 
and adapt their services to the cha 
needs of their members. 


ol new money witn me sooety une oi our ^ bg ^ tQ ^ ^ “ eeds ^ 
major successes was Cardosh. By the end of ngw ; ^ ^ ease y restna[om ^ ^ 

the year this had attracted over a million wh s _ &e mterest of our raembeis ^ 


new savings accounts. 

New sources of finance 

Most ofthe funds needed tosupportour 
lending programme in 1985 came from 
. personal investors - and this will continue to 
be so. But we also raised an additional £575 
milHoriin wholesalemoneyih 1 985. We were 
. the first society to make a Eurobond issue 
-when in October 1985 we issued-a £150 
/million Floating Elate Note, followed’ by a 

our ability to meet their needs - we welcome 
it and shall seek their support for the 
adoption of new powers. 

Mutuality works 

Commitment in the inner city 

Our urban renewal and inner-city 
projects went ahead successfully: by the end 
of the year we were financing 82 special 
housing projects. Half of these were urban 
renewal schemes, with another 24 
“sheltered” schemes for the elderly. We have 
in mind - if members approve - to form a 
new housing subsidiary under the new 
legislation Iflocal authorities co-operate by 
making suitable inner-city and other land 
available, this should be capable of managing 
the development of 3,000 dwellings a year 
by 1990. 


1985 was again a busy and successful 
year for the Halifax, and 1986 has started 
well. I am graceful to the 9 million members 
of the Society for their confidence and 
continued supporL 

In an area as socially sensitive as housing, 
where so much still remains to be done, it 

would be sad indeed. if the vehicle of * ~ 

mutuality, which has been tried and trusted The World’s N° 1 Building Society 


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Burying the future in a 

Under the Baltic, 

Thomson Prentice 

finds a possible 



solution to the 

vexed and urgent 
question of 

British nuclear 

waste disposal 

ownwind from 
Chernobyl, ihe first 
faint chill of a nu- 
clear winter has 
caused such shiv- 
ers of anxiety that the possibil- 
ity of phasing-out nuclear 
power in Britain has now 
become an inescapable issue 
on the political agenda. Al- 
though the Government is 
determined to pursue the 
planned expansion of atomic 
energy, radical new altitudes 
may emerge in the run-up to 
the next general election in an 
attempt to quell public 

Bui even if a decision to 
dismantle nuclear energy in 
Britain were eventually taken, 
two huge tasks stand' in the 
way. The first is that nuclear 
power cannot simply be 
switched off. Sweden, ihe 
world's first nation to commit 
itself to such a phase-out. has 
allowed 30 years to complete 
the process. 

The second, and bigger, 
problem is how io dispose of 
nuclear waste, the “almost 
mystically evil" spoor created 
by the industry, which can 
threaten humanity for thou- 
sands of yean. Nuclear waste 
has to be dealt with whether 
the power stations stand or 
fall. But Britain has. in the 
eyes of many experts, fallen 
far behind other nations in 
confronting the challenge. 

Ten years ago, a Royal 
Commission said: “The UK 
now appears conspicuously 
backward among nations with 
significant nuclear pro- 
grammes in its consideration 
and funding of studies related 
to geological disposal of radio- 
active waste”. 

Earlier this year, the House 
of Commons all-party envi- 
ronment committee investi- 
gating the slate of the industry. 
reponed:“All that we have 
seen confirms that impres- 
sion. save that we are nearly 
ten years further behind". 

The committee visited nu- 
clear plants in Britain. France, 
Sweden. West Germany, the 
United States and Canada last 
year and studied their plans 
for the storage and final 
disposal of radioactive waste. 

It was the Swedish solution 
that impressed them most. 
They saw the Swedish plan of 
how to keep the nuclear 
nightmare at bay fora million 
years. And they were taken 
down a tunnel below the bed 
of the Baltic, and shown the 
granite tomb where much of 
the country's radioactive 
waste will be buried for ever. 

Sweden's determination to 
abolish nuclear power stations 
by the year 2010 has been cast 
in granite by the Chernobyl 
catastrophe. It was Swedish 
scientists at the Forsmark 
station. 100 miles north of 
Stockholm, who first detected 
the radiation from the 
Ukraine. Ac first, they be- 

lieved from monitoring the 
sudden new levels that a 
serious leak had occurred at 
the plant itself. About 600 
workers were rapidly evacuat- 
ed in a well-rehearsed proce- 
dure that had been last tested 
only three months 
seemed Sweden's most-feared 
scenario was actually taking 

or some years, the 
Swedes have been ap- 
plying to the entomb- 
ment of radioactive 
waste the sort of de- 
votion that the ancient Egyp- 
tians gave to the burial of their 
Pharoahs. They are sy stemati- 
cally protecting their waste 
against all the combined 
forces of man and nature, 
from the threat of nuclear war 
to the advent of the next Ice 

The day alter Chernobyl’s 
radioactivity was first detect- 
ed. a massive underground 
cavern, lined with reinforced 
concrete and steel, was offi- 
cially opened at Oskarshamn, 
on the south-east coast It cost 
£120 million to dig this 
"interim" site for 3.000 tonnes 
of spent fuel, and will operate 
for 40 years. By then, the 
Swedes plan to have found 
their "final repository” where 
all long-lived nuclear waste 
can be safely stored. 

Below the Baltic sea-bed, 
another extraordinary project 
is nearing completion. 
Stretching more than half a 
mile from the Forsmark sta- 
tion. two tunnels lead several 

hundred feet below the sea- 
bed and into a labyrinth of 
huge chambers blasted out of 
granite. They in turn are being 
linked to vast silo-shaped 
caverns, 150 feet high, 75 feet 
wide, lined with concrete. Into 
a honeycomb of concrete cells 
within each silo, remotely- 
controlled transporters will 
drop "leak-proof' packages of 
intermediate-level radioactive 
waste from all 12 of the 
country’s nuclear plants. 

When these “coffins” are in 
place, starting in 1988, and all 
the cells filled, this awesome 
nuclear dustbin will be back- 
filled and plugged with a 
concrete lid in 2010, and the 
Swedes believe that for the 
next 500 years — the hazard- 
ous lifetime of the waste — 
there is no chance of it being 

Britain's disposal of such 
waste has been to dump it in 
concrete containers 600 miles 
out into the Atlantic, until a 
moratorium on that method 
was imposed in 1983; or to 
bury it in clay trenches about 
25 feet deep at Drigg. near 
Sellafield. Intermediate-level 
waste is stored underwater in 
bunkers at Sellafield or on site 
at other power plants. 

The environment commit- 
tee has recommended that 
Britain gives much more em- 
phasis to researching disposal 
options such as the Forsmark 
undersea project. 

Research on a fully con- 
structed deep geological site, 
perhaps similar to the Swedish 


Other nations are far ahead of 
Britain in their plans for 
nuclear waste disposal. 

•West Germany: A salt mine 
at Asse in Lower Saxony is 
used for all levels of waste, 
which is buried 2,000-3,000 
feet underground in huge cav- 
erns. The mine has been used 
for research and a similar 
repository is being built near- 
by at Gorfeben. A disused iron 
ore mine at Konrad, near 
Saltzginer is also being further 
excavated to store low and 
intermediate-level waste. 
•United States: Experimental 
underground dumps are being 
excavated in salt, granite and 
— at Hanford in Washington 
state — basalt, in a govern- 
ment research programme. 
Each state is responsible for 
disposing of its own low-level 

•Canada: The gigantic granite 
formation known as the Cana- 

dian Shield, covering much of 
Canada, is being investigated 
for likely disposal sites for all 
categories of waste. Sophisti- 
cated experiments above and 
below ground are being con- 
ducted at the Lac du Bonnet 
research centre in Manitoba. 

•France: An underground re- 
search laboratory is being 
built in an existing uranium 
mine at Sanay-AtigSres, near 
Limoges, in the granite terrain 
of the Massif CentraL 

•Switzerland: More than 10Q 
potential geological sites have 
been assessed, and from a 
short-list of 20, three are now 
being investigated. It is 
planned to open a repository 
by 1995, 

•Belgium. Holland: both are 
committed to deep geological 
disposal for all levels of waste, 
and are investigating possible 

plan, is “urgently needed", the 
MPs' report stated A search 
has begun for a new site for 
low-level waste to supplement 
the trenches at Drigg. One 
potential site is at Elstow in 
Bedforshire. Other sites are 
being sought for the disposal 
of intermediate-level waste. 
But there are no plans to 
dispose of high-level waste. At 
present it is kept in liquid 
form at Sellafield. The pros- 
pect is of storing it for 50 years 
or more in glass and metal 

blocks until it has cooled By 
then a permanent disposal site 
for it may have been found 

Sweden, too, is searching for 
a final repository for its most 
dangerous radioactive waste, 
which remains active for thou- 
sands of years. A site is still to 
be chosen, but it is likely to 
involve deep caverns in gran- 
ite. excavated more than 1500 
feet below ground level. 

According to this plan, pro- 
duced by the Swedish Nucle- 

ar Fuel Supply Company 
which built Forsmark. spent 
fuel will be loaded into thick 
canisters made of copper and 
lead These torpedo-like tuba 
will be slid into boreholes 
drilled in the cavern floor. 

What makes this form of 
disposal so attractive? The 
answer lies in a report to the 
Stockholm government on the 
strength and durability of the 
canisters. “The evidence is 
that no breaching of a copper 

canister with a thickness of 
IQmm can be expected during 
the first million years after 
closure of the repository", the 
report said “Even on pessi- 
mistic assumptions, a canister 
with this thickness would 
remain unbreached for at least 
100.000 years ... the plan is 
to use a copper thickness of 

to implementing them, believ- 
ing that time is on their side 
for improvements to be 
found But the government 
has said the plan is acceptable 
“from the viewpoint of safety 
and radiation protection." 

Impressive as the p lans are, 
the Swedish authorities have 
not yet committed themselves 

It isn’t quite a million-year 
guarantee, but as one Swedish 
scientist says:”It certainly has 
a reassuring feel to it". In the 
aftermath of ChemobyL Brit- 
ain — like Sweden — needs all 
the reassurance it can get 

When pain must have a purpose 

Todav a new law 

on vivisection 

is granted the 

Roval Assent. 

But it is already 

MHAtocarefor the elderly 

Vbu can make sure that your concern tor the old 
and frail will «« O" atter V° uf ow " l **^ c8rtaWy » 

MH ««* 

Today — 

places by tha early 1990b. 

a Will or arranging a codicil. 

M i WOOIST home; for the Ada> ] 

Ep«whHaise.2Sn5piyA'ad.l^ridpnECtr.iDn Reg. Chanry No, 219504 

drawing fire 

Today, the first new piece of 
legislation in HO years gov- 
erning animal experiments 
will receive the Ro>aJ Assent. 
It has taken David Mellor, 
junior minister at the Home 
Office, two White Papers, 
numerous compromises, 
hours of negotiations and 
three years of endeavour — 
and he is elated. 

In the camp of the animal 
rights movement, however, 
the Act is hardly seen as a 
cause for celebration. It is felt 
that it will make the situation 
worse, or at best no different. 
“It will protect the experi- 
menters, not the animals,” 
says Jan Creamer, director of 
the National .An ti-Vivi section 

In IS76. when the Cruelty to 
Animals Act came into force, 
fewer than 300 animal experi- 
ments were taking place annu- 
ally. In 1983. the numbers had 
grown to three and a half 
million and public opinion 
had become increasingly vo- 
ciferous. The Government de- 
rided more regulation was 

"Most people do not want 
animal experiments to be 
stopped”. David Mellor told 
the Royal Society of Medicine. 
“They want ihe purpose of the 
work to be rigorously scruti- 

On the table: a dog’s life, or other dogs’ lives? 

nized and the pain of suffering 
to be kepi to a minimum." 

The Animals (Scientific 
Procedures) Act 1986 will not 
end experiments in certain 
areas — such as cosmetics, 
tobacco, akchcl. and 
behavioural, psychological 
and warfare research — which 
the animal rights lobby has 
sought. Its success will very 
much depend upon the com- 
mitment of the junior minister 
responsible, particularly as the 
Act's enabling powers wifi 
mean that future changes can 
be made without fresh 

Under the 1S76 Act. almost 
anyone could obtain a licence 
to carry out experiments with- 
out an obligaiion to justify- the 

methods used or the amount 
of pain inflicted. A team of 15 
Home Office inspectors, doc- 
tors and vets now inspect 
establishments and have the 
power to prosecute (the last 
case was brought in the 
1970s). They can also order 
the humane death of an 
animal which they feel has 
gone beyond the criteria laid 
down for acceptable pain. 

value of the experiment: pain 
with a purpose. 

Bands of pain will be estab- 
lished. and if ihe animal goes 
beyond that stipulation it will 
be humanely killed. In addi- 
tion. in each place of research 
a member of staff, aided by a 
vet. will be appointed to care 
for the animals' welfare. 

The Animal Procedures 
Committee will replace the 
present Advisory Committee 
on Animal Experiments. It 
will advise the minister, moni- 
tor the issuing of licences and 
make its first report after two 

The issuing of licences for 
projects will have a system of 
appeal and the number of 
inspectors responsible for is- 
suing the licences and for 
inspecting 500 premises where 
experiments take place will 
increase eventually to 21. For 
the first lime. too. the Act will 
allow the re-use of animals in 
experiments and micro- 


Animal Experiments and an 
animal welfarist who sits on 
what will become the Animal 
Procedures Committee, be- 
lieves (hat it is wrong io 
underestimate the change 
which has taken place within 
the scientific community itself 
and he hopes that this peer 
pressure will ensure that the 
new law is properly applied. 

“A few years back it was a 
matter of the sovereign state 
of science. A lot of scientists 
were saying there was no need 
to change the 1 876 Acl Now. 
a different attitude is emerg- 
ing. A number of organiza- 
tions — the Biological Council. 

the Royal Society, and the 
Institute for Medical Ethics - 
have each issued guidelines on 
working with animals or have 
set up working parties to 
examine the issues." 

After the Bill has become 
law. in about three months’ 
lime, it will take from two to 
five years before its effect 
becomes apparent Animal 
welfare organizations, such as 
the RSPCA. who have given 
the Act “cautious support", 
will make their final judge- 
ment once practice matches 
David Mellor's commitment 

Yvonne Roberts 

what we have now clearly 
said”. Mellor \nsists.“is that 

Under the new Act two 
licences will be required: a 
personal licence and a project 
licence. The project licence 
will be granted for a specific 
experiment only if it is consid- 
ered essential that animals 
must be used. Methods are 
approved and the degree of 
pain is proportionate to the 

no pain is acceptable unless it 
passes very stiff criteria," 

The objectors say thar those 
“stiff criteria" are going to be 
decided by scientists who have 
a vested interest in the contin- 
uation ofanimal experiments. 
“U is scientists who will 
decide on the issue of project 
licences”, says Steve Mclvor 
of the British Union .Against 
Vivisection, “and it is they 
who will decide what is an 
acceptable level of pain even 
though two government com- 
mittees have said it is impossi- 
ble to lay down objective 

Clive Hollands, founder of 
the Campaign for Reform in 


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FASHION by Suzy Menkes 




Suiting the wide boys 

Men's summer clothes ofTer bags of fashion 
scope. And baggy is the word to descibc the 
wide-legged, pleat-fronted trousers that are the 
lynch-pin of the lightweight wardrobe. Shirts, 
cotton sweaters and the ail-imporiant jackets 
are also bold, over-sized and generously 
proportioned. Worn together, these clothes are 
reshaping the male tashion silhouette and 
turning the skinniest of men into wide boys. 

The outward movement started with 
sweatshirts and casual wear, grew with hanging 
shirt tails, and has now taken over more 

Sharp angles and a loose fit 
redolent of times past are the 
key summer looks for men 

tailored clothes. The new summer men swear is 
all about cut and shape, with jackets and 
trousers sliced out of linens and cottons to give 
sharp angles but a loose fit The easy tailoring is 

putting young men back into suits, or at least 
into cotton jackets that team up with the wide 
trousers. If the pleat-front pant is the all- 
pervasive style below the waist the jacket has a 
strong fashion identity as well It has wide 
shoulders, lightly padded and slightly rounded. 
The body is square, the back cut straight as a 
die. and a single row of buttons (three tor high 
fashion) outnumbers the double-breasted 

Designers are experimenting with the jacket 
making it very long or paring away the collar 
and revere, to produce a “Professor Higgins" 
cardigan in doth or a Nehru runic. These look 
best as a suit rather than as isolated garments 
and take the formal two-piece a long way away 
from the cool wool classics designed for the 
aspiring executive. Fabric innovations also 
make news this summer. There are textured 
cottons, slub silks, woven checks or shiny rayon 
- the kind of finishes that suggested bookies, 
Teds and wide boys to previous generations. 

The new tailoring is for young men. who see 
it as weekend wear or whose jobs demand a 
high fashion profile — but not a formal one. Zt 
may be worn with a shin and tie - or equally 
with a T-shirt or open neck. The more regular 
summer jacket is fitted to the body and comes 
from the chain stores in fabrics that are 
summer staples: madras check, seerseueker 
stripes or plain linen and cotton and polyester 
mixes. The wilder and lamer looks come 
together in the high fashion image of a light tex- 
tured suit with a darker and bolder shirt and a 
formal tie. It has a colonial feel redolent of 
tropical isles and earlier times. It is also a 
triumph of fashion over the experience of the 
British summer. 

Square-cut cotton gaberdine jacket (tef$ £95, 
pleat-front trousers E59.95, baggy striped 
cotton shirt £71. All by Nigel Catboume from 
Wood house, Oxford Street and branches; 
Apartment, The Lanes, Brighton and The 
Warehouse, Glasgow. Graphic linen-weave 

norma at 33a Kings Rt 
Tie by Michiko Kosjmno 
Photographs by Chris Edwick 



Men's summer shoes are going •*o Q ***"«****"* # «* 
places. Stales range from the •••••••• *v 

Enelish country gentleman to •••••••• 

wifder hippy sandals. Fee: spar. «»%»«»« /%* 

shoes inspired by the playing fields • ••••• / 

of old England or loafers from the • • ••• • 
dockside of the New World. 

Slip-ons and lace-ups share the • • • r 
fashion honours with moccasins. • • • * 

1 White "cricket" lace-ups ■ • , 

£29.99. also in navy from tranches # , 
of Next for Men. • r 

2 Brown leather open sandals. • 

£39.99 3lso in black from Russell 
and Bromley. 24 New Bend 
Street. W1 and branches 

3 Woven leather face-ups. 

£87.50 from Charles Jcurdan. 39- 
43 Brampton Road. SWT 

4 Bu round v loafers with a khaki j 

trim £59.99. also :r. tan or navy 1 

from BusseJI and Bromley. 24 

New Bond Street branches , -k . ,>rvr,, 

5 Brsv/n leather mocassins. g C j K 

£165 frcmRa-ph Lauren. 143 New v 1 5 w 

Bond Street. Wi. . r-Vf 

6 Tan leather slip-ons £42.93 - 

from Bertie, 44 South Motion 
Street. WI and branenes 
Illustrations by Michael Davidson 

Sunlight and the OK coral 

The call of the wild is echoing 
through die beauty counters. 
Long before most of us leave fora 
sun-kissed holiday isle, we will be 
painting our faces with colours 
that might make Gauguin blush. 

Livid coral exotic orange and 
stormy violet — often all three 
together - are the shades of sum- 
mer for eyes and even for lips, 
which are given equal focus for 
this new cosmetic image. It is all 
more subtle and wearable than it 
sounds, because eyeshadows are 
blended together into a sunset of 
colours, and gold is used to 
highlight the stronger shades. 

Elizabeth Arden's Pulsations 
are the most striking of this new 
beauty tribe; “Vibrating blue” is a 
vivid cobalt eyeshadow, “Pass- 
ionate” violet and pink make a 
dramatic duo-shadow, and even 
cheek colour comes in a very deep 
rose pink, a rich mauve and a 
"trembling” coral 

Coral is the key colour in all the 
ranges and how it is used deter- 
mines the overall effect. Dior’s Les 

Above: Exotic earrings hand- 
painted on wood by Marcia 
Scott £38.50, necklaces £55, 
bangles £18.50. Coin necklace 
by Pellinl Tribal-patterned 
scarves by Monsoon. All from 
liberty, Regent Street, London 
WI. Make-up by Ruth Sheldon 
for Chanel using Les Soleiis 
d'Ett colours, with Terre de Feu 
blusher and Orient lip gloss. 
Pho to graph; Nick Briggs 

Coloniales mixes it with sunshine 
orange, offset with sharp blues and 
greens. Neptune colours are also a 
theme of Estfie Lauder’s Underwa- 
ter Colours, which lake the blues 
towards green rather than purple. 
The Key Flamingo shades from 
Ultima 2 quieten the coral with a 
soft grey green, but move to the 
irauves with a bougainvillea pink. 
Yves Saint Laurent's palette is 
paler and more urban in his Fatale 
collection, which uses mauves and 
steel blues against a pale skin. But 
a golden bronze tan is the colour 
you will need to take on the exotic 
shades of Guerlain's Fantasque 

clear greens and reds that are used 
with a dusting of a new gilded 
Opera powder. 

Hie bright sunshine colours and 
moodier lagoon blues of Revlon's 
LA colours have a healthy Califor- 
nia look, with a dear leal green 
mascara and a very bright orange 
lipstick appropriately dubbed 
"California Sunshine". 

Motion Brown's idea of Para- 
dise is more romantic: a nastur- 
tium that fades down to quiet 
brown and sharp lemon or irri- 
descent pearly shades used only as 
highlights to a softer base. Even 
the rich colours like salmon pink, 
soft coral and deep purple are 
designed to blend together rather 
than creating streaks of violent 
colour across the lids. 

While beauty houses arc insis- 
tent that the sun can harm our 
skin, these colours demand a 
sunkissed colouring; perhaps for 
that reason, many produce bronze 
gels and tints to give the right 
background canvas from a tube or 
poL rather than the sun's rays. 

I i'. 








Pictures of 

Jean Shnmp:on in immacu- 
late polka-dots p!x:?srari;cd 
against an abstrc:i back- 
ground of spattered paini is a 
sinking fashion imjee. So i*> a 
surreal vision of a spe.'lacular 
sequinned dunce's hat emerg- 
ing from a hat box on the head 
of an elegant model 

The> are both fashion pic- 
tures b\ Cecil Beaton on 
exhibition at :hc Barbican. 
The Ecr.crai ambience por- 
iravs the glamour and ele- 
gance cf an age when fashion 

Cecil Beaton rarely took 
“snap*"; he worked with jhis 
subjects just as a stage or idm 
director' directs his players, 
moving the characters within. 


f s 

Under the hammer 

?y — i — ■ j.* | 


il. Zi May 
10- 1pm; 2-5ei» 


j.u: T.r i ' 

i'U- JV 

I * * W.s!'.. - "t . 

LOM ».ri V. 

i*5j \ 





! 6 ! 




Shrimpton: Beaton’s image 
of Sixties fashion 

the frame of the picture and* 
uMng shaduus and shapes io 
create a tableau of real-life 

in the early years he used 
hi* sister? Nancy and Baba 
2 eaten a*, models, making 
•h.-:r i,K,umc, and adorning 
liter.; «iih ear'jnds of flowers 
io .reatc the fantasy atmo- 
sphere h.* sought. E\ en his 
5*nratis of aac-rs or literary 
i: cures have a surreal quality, 
photographed against elabo- 
rate backgrounds that arc 
usually associated with fush- 
ran photography. 

B\ the 1^*1 Os and 1950s 
Beaton ».y, still photo- 
crjphine society ladies and 
Jehu lames bu»„ as in the real 
world, some of the glamour 

had disappeared. One result of 
the austerities of war was the 
now-famous group of photo- 
graphs of blitzed London. 
"Fashion is indestructible" is 
the title of a poignant picture, 
showing an elegantly clad 
model amid the rubble of 

As a fashion designer, 
Beaton could only have 
worked for film and' theatre, 
for his designs were carica- 
tures of the fashion at the 
time. In 1924 he designed 
costumes for Safei's play The 
Watched Pot. 

His working sketches for 
these outfits are more car- 
toons than tashion illustra- 
tions. with witty eccentric 
notes written as 
insiructions:"An orange feath- 
er fan goes with her carrot silk 
hair" and ‘Tm afraid Shaftes- 
bury Avenue and Wardour 
Street are already a mass of 
leopard skin, but we must 
have a 2izUc here - it's so nice, 
e'en if it is common." 

A photograph of two mod- 
els in voluminous taffeta 
ballgowns, their arms sus- 
pended like puppets and sur- 
rounded in ornate swathes of 
\ civet which represent a stage 
cunain. encapsulate Beaton's 
passion for fashion — and 

Rebecca Tyrrei 

Cecil Beaton is at the Barbican 
Art Gallery until July 20 
(review page 19) 

A doll dressed in a waterfall of 
frills by Zandra Rhodes would 
be any little girl's fantasy. The 
dream becomes reality for 
indulged children and adult 
collectors, when Sotheby's sell 
olT a unique set of fashion 
designer dolls this morning. 

I first wrote about Chelsea 
Design's prim Edwardian 
miss in her navy bloomer suit 
and Hardy Amies's regal doll 
with pink and white dress, 
complexion and bouquet, 
when the collection went on 
display at Long) eat House two 
years ago in aid Save the 
Children Fund. 

The high fashion outfits 
have worn well, with Sheridan 
Barnett's hooded cape and 
Patricia Robert's miniature 
hand-stitched sweater looking 
as fresh now as when they 
were first designed. The death 
of Laura .Ashley gives an 

added poignancy to her lyrical 
outfit: the quintessential Ash- 
ley rustic maiden with her 
smoky blue flower-sprigged 
skirt and demure frills. 

Under the hammer go the 
delicate dolls with their bisque 
faces and rosebud lips. Even 
without the designer label 
outfits, the 31 dolls them- 
selves are a treat made espe- 
cially for the exhibition by 
Lynne and Michael Roche. 

The Save the Children Fund 
will recieve the proceeds of 
Sotheby’s sale of these most 
ritzv of rich children's play- 
things. which are expected to 
fetch from £60 to £400 each, 
according to the status of the 
designer and the detail in the 
dress. . » 

Toys, dolls, automata and 
textiles is at Sotheby’s, 33-35 
New Bond Street. London 
WI, today at I0.30am. 

• It was a delicate royal 
compliment - and proof of the 
serious thought that goes into 
the Princess of Wales’s ward- 
robe- that she chose to wears 
Ynki dress for the gala dinner 
-with Emperor Hirohito last 
week. The Japanese-born de- 
signer (who has also dressed 
Mrs Thatcher) created a sap- 
phire blue, silky jersey dress 
suspended in elegant folds 
from a sequin aed yoke. 

Yuki is not the first of 
Japan's rising sons to dress 
the fashion Princess. Hitachi, 
who also works from Loudon, 

created the one-shoulder 
clinging sheath which 
launched the Dynasty Di im- 
age three years ago. 

• Meanwhile. Bruce Oldfield, 
the designer who has danced 
with the Princess of Wales, 
has launched a bid to capture 
her twinkle-toes. Last week he 
unveiled a collection of ritzy 
evening shoes created lor royal 
cobblers Rayne, better known 
for shoeing the Qoeen titan her 
daughter-in-law. The five 
Oldfield shoes, with ma t c hi ng 
evening pochettes, go on sale 
in the autumn. 





' -U 

r l 



In this fast and often furious world, 
the last thing you need is a headache. 

But when you have, you need a strong 
solution. Take full strength Tramil 500, for 

Each capsule contains 500mg of para- 
cetamol, an analgesic doctors prescribe. And 
it’s gentle on your stomach. 

It's particularly fast- acting, too. 

So it’ LI make quick work of your headache. 





Amid mourning criticism that Mrs 
Thatcher has lost touch with her 
backbenches, she has begun an 
eleventh hour campaign to woo 
them. Unsuspecting backwoods- 
men are now receiving personal 
invitations to join her lor Sunday 
lunch at Chequers. Mrs Thatcher, 
who has been known to clear the 
Commons tea-room with a click of 
an approaching stiletto, was ca- 
joled into meeting the back- 
benchers by her private secretary, 
Ian Gow: since then, his painfully 
shy replacement. Michael Alison, 
let the tradition lapse. Now, with 
at home cards arriving in MPs* 
pigeon holes, she seems belatedly 
to be taking the initiative herself. 
One former Tory backbencher 
yesterday drew a mischievous 
parallel with the declining years of 
Valery Giscard d'Estaing's pres- 
idency:” Didn’t he take to descend- 
ing on ordinary Parisians for 

Men only 

Disharmony reigns at the Hamp- 
stead Synagogue over moves to 
banish women from its mixed 
choir. For 94 years the synagogue 
has tolerated female singers in 
defiance of stricter tenets of ihe 
Orthodox faith stipulating 
segregation of the sexes. This free- 
thinking offends pans of the 
Jewish establishment which want 
to bring the choir into line with 
other members of the United 
Synagogue. Dr Isaac Levy, the 
acting minister, tells me: "Before 
1939 at least half of London's 
synogogues had women in their 
choirs but they have been grad- 
ually disbanded. We are the last." 
The" attempt to impose a male- 
only choir on Hampstead is 
criticized as archaic fundamental- 
ism. but I understand that the 
Chief Rabbi. Sir Immanuel 
Jakobovits. is among those in 
favour. The final decision will be 
taken by the congregation. In the 
meantime, the women sing on. 


Two recently re-elected Labour 
cou ncillors who can not be accused 
of taking lheir jobs lightly are . 
Merseyside's Felicity Dowling and 
Angela Binill, of Camden. So 
passionate are their . views on 
housing policy that they joined 
Gerry Adams, the Sinn Fein MP 
for West Belfast, to voice their 
condemnation of the dilapidated 
Divis flats ■ in Belfast Ms 
Dowling’s admirable concern will! 
not carry much weight: she is 
about to be expelled from the 
party for membership of Militant 

Q The National Liberal Club 
should consider a small reform. It 
is still replying to women's re- 
quests for overnight accommoda- 
tion with the words "Dear Sir." 

Part work 

1 am loath to carry free plugs in 
this column but 1 feel obliged to 
report that the Oxford Union is 
about to mount a sponsored 
assault on the record for the 
longest-ever debate. The motion: 
"that Heineken reaches the parts." 
Proceeds will go to Live Aid. I am 
confident that the participants will 
meet their eight-day target and 
that the record for an individual 
speech, which now stands at 22 
hours. 26 minutes, will be suitably 
submerged. Speakers will include 
Max Hastings, new editor of the 
Daily Telegraph, and Brenda 
Dean, leader of Sogat '82. In 
attendance: Norris McWhirter, 
former editor of the Guinness 
Book of Records, who would 
probably be happier if the motion 
were "Guinness is good for you." 


•Which one are yon catching' 


Dulwich College's political society 
should be put in the picture. It has 
just invited Screaming Lord Sutch 
to lunch, sending the letter care of 
the Times office at Westminster. 
No. gentlemen, he is not one of 
our political staff. 

Figuring out 

George Walden, the minister with 
responsibility for higher educa- 
tion. seems in need of some 
lessons in student economics, In 
an interview with Oxford Student. 
to be published next month. 
Walden tells student union presi- 
dent Matthew Taylor "When 1 
was at university f received the 
full grant and got £6 a week as a 
jazz drummer, and I've never 
been so well off in my life." 
Taylpr. an Alliance member, re- 
minds Walden that this was back 
in 1961 when the grant was worth 
over £2.200 in real terms. "It still 
is-" said Walden. "No. the maxi- 
mum is now £l.S30". Walden 
(with a darling glance at his press 
officer): "Well, all righL it’s about 


The South African government's 
decision to attack African Na- 
tional Congress centres in Harare, 
G a be rone and Lusaka has effec- 
tively destroyed the efforts of the. 
Commonwealth Eminent Persons 
Group to promote "dialogue" 
between Pretoria and the ANC. 
The group's careful preparation 
before its visits to South Africa, 
the avoidance 'Of contact with the 
media and the status of its 
members meant that President 
Botha and his colleagues, at least 
initially, could not dispute the 
serious purpose of its mission. 

Indeed, during the group's visit 
to South Africa Iasi week, expecta- 
tions were raised by the statement 
by the foreign minister. Pik Botha, 
that there was a "potential chance 
that we can make progress in 
putting an end to violence." 

In retrospect, however, it is 
clear that the negotiating positions 
of both the government and the 
ANC were diametrically opposed: 
acceptance of the group’s pro- 
posals to release Nelson Mandela 
and legalize the ANC in return for 
the latter's renunciation of the 
“armed struggle" assumed a fun- 
damental change of attitudes and 
an erosion of the constraints that 
have traditionally dictated the 
responses of both President Botha 
and his ANC opponents. The 
cabinet is divided on the merits of 
releasing Mandela and lifting the 
ban on the ANC and well aware 
that to do so would profoundly 
anger right-wing Afrikaners. 
Moreover. Mandela free and de- 
nied a negotiating role would raise 
black expectations to fever pitch 
For the ANC, by contrast, 
negotiations can only be about 
ways and means of transferring 
power from white to black and, 
given the militant mood of its 
supporters in the townships, there 
could be no compromise on the 
principle of one man one vote in a 
unitary state. 

But why then resort to dramatic 
military action to scupper the 
EPG's mission? A more subtle 


for the West 

by Jack Spence 

strategy might have been to string 
the group along, hoping that the 
ANC itself would place im- 
movable obstacles in the path of 
any agreement negotiated under 
foe group's auspices. On foe other 
hand. Pretoria may well have 
feared that ANC acceptance of a 
truce would have left it facing a 
difficult choice between entering 
into serious negotiations with the 
ANC or. alternatively, rejecting 
the proposals and earning wide- 
spread external disappoval as a 
consequence. Either way. the ANC 
would have gained at Pretoria's 

It is inconceivable that the 
decision to use force was taken 
without foe approval and support 
of the state president. In the past 
the military have sometimes been 
accused of acting unilaterally out- 
side the guidelines for interven- 
tion laid down by their civilian 
masters. But on this occasion the 
State Security Council, a body 
established in the early 1 970s and 
given great weight and influence 
by President Botha, would have 
been the decisive influence in the 
decision to launch military strikes 
at the ANC abroad. 

The council combines min- 
isterial representatives from the 
departments of defence, foreign 
affairs and law and order with the 
state's key military advisers under 
President Botha’s chairmanship. 

There may well have been a fierce 
debate about foe merits of military 
force between foe defence est- 
ablishment and the repre- 
sentatives of foe Department of 
Foreign Affairs who, under Pik 
Botha's leadership, have tended to 
favour diplomatic rather than 
military solutions to South 
Africa's problems in foe region as 
a whole. 

That the military option was 
preferred suggests growing im- 
patience on foe part of senior 
military advisers as well as more 
right-wing cabinet representatives 
with the cautious policy initially 
adopted by the government to- 
wards foe EPG's role. 

The strikes against ANC targets 
in neighbouring capitals have, 
therefore, political rather than 
military significance. The resur- 
gence in ANC guerrilla activity 
after the setback of the Nkomati 
accord of March 1984 (which 
denied the use of Mozambique as 
a launching pad for infiltration) is 
in part explained by the success 
with which the organization has 
stockpiled weapons inside South 
Africa and its capacity to draw on 
indigenous recruits for its opera- 

The attack on Lusaka might also 
have been aimed at undermining 
President Kaunda’s position, es- 
pecially as he recently expressed 

It) ivau 

confidence in the EPG’s role and 
has been critical of the ANCs 
reluctance to take its proposals 

The attack on Zimbabwe is at 
first surprising: Neil van Heerden, 
deputy director-general of foreign 
affairs, claimed recently that "ar- 
eas of common concern had thus 
far succeeded • in producing a 
‘safety net' " in relations between 
foe two states; Robert Mugabe, the 
Zimbabwe prime minister, has 
been punctilious in avoiding 
provocative gestures or allowing 
the ANC to operate militarily 
from his country. However, as his 
meeting last week with Rajiv 
Gandhi of India illustrates, he has 
been in the forefront of Common- 
wealth leaders who have de- 
manded comprehensive sanctions 
against South Africa. The attack 
on Harare may well have been 
meant as a reminder of South 
Africa's capacity to danu _ 
neighbouring states if external 
pressure mounts in the next few 

Western governments, esp- 
ecially the British and American, 
will be dismayed by this latest 
display of South Africa's military 
might. The EPG’s failure to carry 
out its mission successfully will 
help erode the middle ground 
which western conservatives have 
tried to bold in their efforts to 
avoid a resort to sanctions and at 
foe same time find strategies for 
producing change which would 
avoid revolutionary upheaval 
over the longer term. For many 
both within and outside South 
Africa, the EPG's proposals repre- 
sented at least a faint prospect for 
negotiated change. Their rejection 
by South Africa in this brutal, 
uncompromising manner dem- 
onstrates yet again the strength of 
domestic constraints over external 
incentives in the struggle to pro- 
duce reform. 

The author is Professor or Politics 
at Leicester University. 

Harry Judge asks the most important education question of all 

Who should run the schools? 

In I9QI Sidney Webb wrote,“Our 
educational machinery in England 
has got into a notable mess”. The 
following year a determined 
Conservative government pressed 
through a new framework for 
educational administration and 
policy making. It is that machin- 
ery which was, in all important 
respects, incorporated in the 1944 
Act and still survives. In Britain, 
education has been a national 
service, locally administered. 

Now, once again, it is in a 
notable mess. The Audit Commi- 
ssion’s recent report added a sober 
accountant's emphasis to the de- 
bate. As a general election ap- 
proaches. so — surprisingly — the 
state of education climbs to the 
top of the agenda. At the same 
time, the struggle for the succes- 
sion to Sir Keith Joseph becomes 
more public, so clarifying the 
issues. The battle is going to be 
within the parties, not between 
them, and the argument about the 
control of education rather than 
its content or standards. 

A generation ago. in 1964, foe 
issues were clearer. A Labour 
government vigorously en- 
couraged foe local education 
authorities, who had managed the 
service since 190Z to introduce a 
national system of comprehensive 

The partnership between gov- 
ernment and local authorities was 
threatened in the 1960s in two 
ways. First, national policies - 
notably in foe matter of" 
comprehensives - were to over- 
ride local preference. Secondly, 
politicians and others began to 
mutter that the partnerehip was 
getting altogether loo cosy. 

Now. 20 years later, the partner- 
ship system which was well 
enough adapted to an age of 
expansion has faltered at a time of 
contraction. Because of the declin- 
ing birth rate ihere are fewer 
pupils in the schools, and the spare 
capacity cannot be painlessly re- 

1 live in a city which has several 
hundred empty places in its upper 
schools alone and does not know 
what to do about them. So 
tensions rise between central gov- 
ernment, which provides most of 
the cash, and local government, 
which spends it and grumbles 
about not having enough (which is 
true) and wastes what it has 
(which is also true). 

Then, of course, there is the 
unremitting awfulness of foe 
mood in schools and among 
teachers. The latter have per- 

suaded themselves, and there is 
plenty of evidence to hand, that 
they are undervalued. They are, to 
be sure, underpaid so that good 
people are deserting teaching or 
refusing to join its ranks in the 
firsr place. There is no crisis more 
urgent arid deep-seated than this. 

It is a bitter irony that the 
"action" taken by teachers dimin- 
ishes still further foe satisfactions 
and status of their work and 
progressively alienates public and 
parental sympathy. And, again, 
there is the fog of responsibility: 
the local education authorities 
employ foe teachers but foe 

Secretary of Slate behaves as 
though he were their boss. 

Whitehall and Westminster, 
since foe beginning of foe 1960s, 
have been aggressively imperi- 
alist claiming more and more of 
the educational territory and 
becoming less certain as to 
whether or not they wish to be 
genuinely responsible for it Both 
main parties assume that a na- 
tional curriculum is required. 
They take it for granted that they 
should define it, possibly through 
quangos. They also take it for 
granted that it is their responsibil- 
itv to decree what teachers should 

know and how they should be 
trained. They claim to know better 
than elected LEAs how educa- 
tional resources should be distrib- 
uted at foe grass roots. 

A government which believes in 
deregulation has regulated and 
centralized. Its problem now is 
two-fold. On the one hand, it has 
claimed effective responsibility 
for the -education service. Here- 
after, if that service does not 
perform well there can be no other 
scapegoat In future everybody 
will know whom to blame. 

At foe same time, government 
has correctly asserted that the 
balance of power and responsibil- 
ity among foe partners must be re- 
examined and re-adjusted. But it 
has proceeded to do so uni- 
laterally, ' sweeping away checks 
and balances, foe normal habits of 
consultation and compromise, 
abolishing bodies that threaten to 
show any independence. Partner- 
ships can be changed only by 
agreement, and of that there has 
been little. 

If Sidney Webb were to re- 
appear. much of foe landscape 
would be familiar to him. But 
there would be a puzzle yet to be 
resolved. The government has 
introduced a new agent into an 
already complex world of powers 
in an effort to get more of its own 
way. The Manpower Services 
Commission administers great 
chunks of education and training; 
its achievement is considerable, 
but ways must be found of 
integrating its effort with that of its 
older partners. 

Faced with growing worries 
about newly acquired and im- 
pefectly defined responsibilities, 
poliucans must cast about for new 
solutions. So we hear talk of 
privatization and vouchers and, 
from closely allied camps, about a 
new system of “crown” schools — 
flagship schools run by the DES to 
show the rest of foe system how to 
do things. Thai both suggestions 
can be made concurrently — less 
state power and more state power 
— indicates a degree of genuine 

Some time soon, foe questions 
of where foe lines of power should 
be drawn — between public and 
private, between Whitehall and 
County HalL between one min- 
istry (education) and another 
(training) — will need to be openly 
addressed. Until they are, there 
cannot be an agenda for educa- 
tional change. 

The author is director of the 
Department of Educational' Stud- 
ies. Oxford University. 

Conflict between The Times and 
members of foe House of Com- 
mons over foe right of foe press to 
report their activities is nothing 
new. During 200 years of an 
uneasy relationship foe report- 
ers - still technically 

Strangers" — have frequently 
been threatened with dire con- 
sequences for alleged breach of 

In a gallery report, published in 
1964. the reporters were still 
campaigning for the repeal of 
oppressive Commons resolutions. 
The Commons, they said, “has 
never seemed anxious, of its own 
volition, to facilitate foe work of 
those who report its proceedings 
for foe benefit of foe world at 
large.”Only in recent years has the 
House drawn back from imposing 
the severe penalties for breach of 
privilege which it is within its 
power to inflict. 

Lucky is the offender now. 
compared with Edward Floyde. a 
Cafooiic barrister in the reign of 
James 1, who, for making insulting 
remarks about foe Royal Family, 
was condemned to pay a £1.000 
fine, to stand in the pillory for two 
hours in three different places, and 
to be carried between these spots 
on an unsaddled horse, facing 
backwards and grasping The tail. 

The Lords, also claiming juris- 
diction. added to foe severity by 
ordering that he should be 

Still the same old 
leaking House 

branded, whipped at foe back of a 
cart and imprisoned for life. He 
was indeed branded, in 
Cheapside. but foe whipping pen- 
alty was cancelled and he was 
released from prison on foe inter- 
vention of Prince Charles. 

When reporters were given foe 
right to permanent places in the 
Commons in 1803 They were 
restricted to the back row of the 
gallery: friends of MPs had foe 
seats in from. Mjsre porting was 

In 1819. John Payne Collier of 
The Times was accused of mis- 
reponing what Joseph Hume had 
said about George Canning. Col- 
lier. one of the first in foe gallery to 
use shorthand, admitted that amid 
foe bustle of people in from of him 
he had to seek the help of others 
“more favourably placed." 

Canning called foe report *‘an 
outrageous slander". Hume de- 
nied utlering . the words. The 
House passed a resolution con* 
demning foe report as a scan- 
dalous misrepresentation and an 
aggravated breach of privilege. 

Collier spent a night in foe lockup 
and next day was hauled before 
foe Commons where he was 
reprimanded by the Speaker and 
discharged on the payment of fees. 

His friend. Henry Crabb Robin- 
son. recorded in his diary that he 
called on Collier in prison and 
found him in good spirits. He 
added: “Walter (John Walter II, 
foe proprietor) did a very hand- 
some thing by John Collier — he 
gave him a banknote for £50 
saving he need not return foe 
surplus after paying the fees, and 
hoped it would be some com- 
pensation for the inconvenience 
he had suffered by his 
imprisonment." The fees 
amounted to about £15. 

Between the two world wars. 
Iobb« correspondents became the 
chief source of information of 
what was going on within the 
Cabinet and in secret party meet- 
ings. It was an extension of gallery 
reporting and inevitably these 
journalists came under threat of 
punishment. Within my own 
experience, foe threat of "priv- 

ilege" was constantly in the back- 
ground as I worked in the lobby. 
In foe period 1962-63, wheo 
Harold Macmillan's premiership 
was under attack within the 
Conservative Party, David Wood, 
foe Times political correspondent, 
was constantly under investiga- 
tion by foe party's hierarchy 
because of the accuracy of his 
reporting. The leaks from meet- 
ings of foe 1922 Conservative 
backbenchers' committee proved 
highly embarrassing to the Tories 
and veiled threats of a breach of 
privilege were made by John 
Morrison (now Lord Margadale), 
its chairman. 

The Tories at this time were in 
such a nervous state they even 
began to suspect that leaks from 
the 1922 Committee might be 
traced to bugging devices. Derek 
Marks, political correspondent of 
the Daily Express, was also a 
recipient of damaging leaks. The 
Tories searched foe committee 
room for bugs and even investi- 
gated the possibility that someone 
in a room at St Thomas's Hospital 
across Ihe Thames could be lip- 
reading. with the aid ofbinoculare. 

But the mystery was easily 
solved. If an MP is convinced that " 
the public imeresi will be served 
by leaking, he leaks. 

George Clark 

Roger Scruton 

Fragrant whiffs 
of abroad 

People are becoming less and less 
able to understand foreigners. The 
reason. I believe, is foe lamentable 
tendency to rely on first-hand 
experience. Rather than read 
Herodotus or Plutarch at home, 
we drag our uninstrucied senses 
through foreign cities and acquire 
not the first understanding of foe 
people who live in them. Few 
modern Englishmen know the 
language; fewer still the history 
and culture of tbe places to which 
they travel. Their experience of 
foreigners is therefore without 
concepts, a bundle of pure im- 
pressions, in which foe characters 
are schematic, hazy and unreal. 

Only considerable culture and a 
haughty independence of mind 
can render travel intelligible. For 
most people, foe disjointed experi- 
ence of foreign pans sinks rapidly 
into foe waste of consciousness, to 
lie there in disordered and 
unmeaning fragments, like shells 
collected on an empty holiday. 

Travel narrows foe mind, 
providing a surfeit of impressions 
and a dearth of interpretations. 
Sometimes, however, a meaning 
emerges, and sometimes this 
meaning is foe aim. For instance, 
yon might make a pilgrimage to 
some holy place — or a journey to 
those with whom your destiny is 
somehow mingled. Nevertheless, 
failing those laudable purposes, it 
is better by far to remain at home, 
studying foe language, foe thought 
and foe customs of strangers, and 
dreaming of their habitats with the 
aid of a large cigar. 

If it is not easy to act so wisely, it 
is partly because cigars are so dear. 
When the experience of con- 
centrated wanderlust is priced at 
£3 a time, we are tempted to travel 
in search of cheaper satisfactions,, 
just as we used to travel in search 
of wine. As a matter of fact travel 
may very well be justified by this 
consideration. For British citizens 
are able to bring home SO cigars 
free of tax. Since you may save up 
to £3 on the price of each smoke, 
you can often end up paying for 
foe journey. The important thing, 
therefore, is to ensure that your 
friends and your places of pil- 
grimage are located in areas where 
decent cigars are still obtainable. 

Roughly speaking, there are two 
such areas. The first consists of all 
those places where Cuban cigar 
makers, driven from their homes 
by communism, have settled 
down to their old employment; 
the second of those places which 
import the shoddier but still 
acceptable cigars that continue to 
be made in Cuba. While Cuba 
remains communist, a first-rate 
cigar will be unobtainable: the 
choice, therefore, lies between a 
craftsman-like cigar produced 
from second-hand materials, and 
first-class materials hammered 
into rough but .smokeabie cyl- 
inders of proletarian poison. 

If it is foe communist product 
that appeals to you, then there is 
no need to travel so far as Cuba. At 
Warsaw airport, for example, you 
can buy Cuban cigars so cheaply as 
to save up to £100 on a single 
purchase. Since this amounts to 70 
per cent of foe air fere, and since 
you can make up foe remaining 30 
per cent by exchanging Leith's or 
Wilson’s for foe charming old 

Basilisk on foe Stary Rynek, you 
could spend your next festive 
weekend in Warsaw at no cost, 
and with great benefit to your 
subsequent mental composure. 

It has to be said, however, that 
the Cuban cigars available in 
communist countries are not so 
good as the best of those that are 
made from Caribbean leaf else- 
where. Now, of all foe places 
where foe Cuban diaspora has 
settled, by far the most interesting 
is New York. In lower Manhattan 
you can find on almost every 
block a den, often no wider than a 
newspaper kiosk, but usually 
stretching back into a long and 
fragrant inner recess, where foe 
members of a family work at foe 
long leaves stacked and graded on 
foe benches beside them. These 
leaves come from Dominica, 
Guatemala and El Salvador and 
lack foe flavour of their Cuban 
rivals. The good patriots who roll 
them into small coronas will not 
hesitate to remind you of their 
defects. Nevertheless, the product 
is smooth, delicate and lively, and, 
at a dollar a time, also cheap 
enough to pay for foe journey back 
to London. 

For half that price, however, 
you can obtain a presentable cigar 
from the bulk distributors. By far 
tbe best of these is foe New York 
firm of JR Ggars. on East 45th 
Street Here, in addition to sec- 
onds, every quality and variety of 
non-Cuban cigar is available at 
prices that can be matched by no 
West European airport. Simply to 
open foe door of this shop, and to 
be swamped by the heady aroma 
of fermentation, is to discover a 
justification for foe market econ- 
omy far stronger than any men- 
tioned in the works of Friedman 
or Hayek. JR Cigars is the very 
heart the nub, the spirit of New 
York -foe place where an in- 
dustry, driven by madness and 
cruelty from its natural home, 
finds profit for itself and pleasure 
for mankind in foe pure thrill of 
buying and sellings To look 
around this shop, piled to the 
ceiling with boxes from Jamaica, 
Dominica, Honduras, Mexico, 
Guatemala, the Philippines, and 
from every point of North Amer- 
ica, is to be confronted with an 
extraordinary proof of the power 
of the free economy — foe power 
that comes from pure permission. 

An industry that by rights 
should have died entirely thrives 
in abundance, finding new raw 
materials, new distributors, new 
producers and new purchasers, 
and finding also that life-enhanc- 
ing rush to foe centre which has 
made New York the place where 
all that is exchangeable may be 
obtained for its market price. 

In JR Cigars tbe customer may 
also buy the very best of Jamaican 
smokes, matured m humid cham- 
bers for a year or more. For just 
two dollars he can acquire a forest 
of symbols, a paradise garden, a 
lake of dreams. Furnished with 
these self-contained adventures of 
the imagination, he could survive 
at home for 50 days without the 
faintest desire for traveL For such 
a result, the journey is almost 

The author is editor of the Salis- 
bury Review. 

moreover . . . Miles Kington 

A midsummer 
night out 

As a guide for visitors to London, 
here is a check-list of some of foe 
best West End musicals. 

Time: an extra van ganza based on 
the history of the best-selling 
American news weekly, with a 
stunning performance by Lord 
Olivier as Henry Luce, and Cliff 
Richard in good form as the 
American tourist who dares to 
come to Europe and get a ticket for 
foe show. There is a show- 
stopping number “A stitch in 
Time stops foe pages falling out". 
Chess: a stunning musical based 
on what to most people must be a 
very absirure philosophical ques- 
tion: can Tim Rice write a best- 
selling musical without two people 
called Uoyd Webber? The answer 
is. yes — with two Swedish people 
whose names we can't remember. 
Show-stopping number "In foe 
Heat of foe Knight" 

American Express: Fantastic mus- 
ical by Andrew Lloyd Webber, 
based on the credit card system. 
The whole theatre has been turned 
into the inside of a Natwest 
cashpoint, and foe whole plot 
revolves around the race to gel 
your card out again before it Has 
been swallowed by the system. 
Best song: "Visa some of my 
favourite things”. 

Darts: An amazing musical based 
on a game which will be a mystery 
to most people, the mystery being: 
who would want to watch a game 
of darts? The tension grows and 
grows as the audience wonders 
whether the rwenty-foot-long dart 
poised in the balcony will actually 
get to the stage. Our advice: don’t 
sit in foe stalls. 

Time: an extra vanganza based on 
the British prison system. Lord 
Olivier is stunning as a prison 
governor, or at least a huge 
photograph of a prison governor, 
and Cliff Richard js impressive as 
foe first-time offender who asks 
for 39 previous LPS to be taken 
into account. Don't miss the 

Rowan: Rowan Atkinson as foe 
only West End star named after a 
small, stunted tree. Andrew, and 
His Amazing Technological Stage 
Set: a stunning musical which 
poses the question: can a West 
End musical without Elaine Page 

succeed? but does not answer it 
Matinee : a show-stopping musi- 
cal based on foe classic book. 
Matinee on the Bounty, starring 
David Essex, the only top per- 
former in foe West End named 
after tbe least popular county in 

La Cage aux Miserables: a heart- 
warming, hilarious, tear-jerking 
musical based on a victim of foe 
French Revolution who hopes to 
escape the guillotine by dressing 
up as a woman. Denis Quilley 
very good as foe scaffold. There is 
a show-stopping number called 
"Rowan Wasn’t Built in a Day”, 
which probably comes from some 
other musical altogether. 
Cribbage: a stunning musical built 
round foe game of foe same name, 
and posing the eternal question: 
How do you stop those little pegs 
falling out of those tittle holes? 
Lord Olivier very good as foe King 
of Spades (on video). 

Time r heart-stopping musical 
based on foe attempt of foe demon 
Accurist to get control of foe 
British Telecom recorded time 
message. Lord Olivier is mag- 
isterial as a large cardboard cut- 
out of a clock, and Cliff Richard is 
very fetching as a crossed line. 
Best number: “The Last Syllable 
of Recorded Time”. 

Across from the Garden of Allah: 
correction. Nigel Hawthorne as 
another West End star named after 
a small, stunted tree. 

Rice: a stunning musical based on 
the most teasing philosophical 
question of alk how do you 
manage to get rice well cooked 
without it going sticky? Tim Curry 
stirs — sorry, stars. 

Tim: a stunning musical based on 
the life of Tim Rice. Lord Olivier 
is outstanding as the ghost of 
Wisden, CTin Richard is quite 
impressive fifth wicket down 
(though suspect outside the leg 
stump), and Elaine Page mops up 
foe tail-enders. Rowan Atkinson's 
imitation of a tottering h ail is foe 
best thing of its kind. 

(If you are not too keen . on 
musicals and would rather see a 
play, send for our alternative 
London listing: The Play Now On 
in the West End). 




r 3 --3 
U* 5 



Pennington Street, London 

El 9XN Telephone: 01-481 4100 

RAID against reason 

In bis television speech to the 
nation on Thursday, President 
P W. Botha issued a not 
unfamiliar warning that South 
Africa would use force against 
the agents of violence. The 
early morning raids against 
suspected .African National 
Congress (ANC) targets in 
three front-line states might be 
seen through his eyes as fulfill- 
ing that pledge. But the opera- 
tion, the most comprehensive 
yet conducted by his be- 
leaguered government, stimu- 
lates the question — why? 

The attacks on Zimbabwe, 
Zambia and Botsw ana rnay 
place some obstacles before 
both the ANC and the coun- 
tries whose territories it uses — 
with or without their blessing. 
But this effect is likely to be 
outweighed by the diplomatic 
condemnation it will earn for 
Pretoria from a shocked and 
angry world. None of this can 
have come as a surprise to Mr. 

One explanation, then, is 
that the raid continues the 
“"thump and talk" approach 
that has characterized the pro- 
gramme of internal reform 
pursued by the Botha regime. 
On the one hand, he talks to 
the Commonwealth’s Eminent 
Persons Group (EPG) and 
announces a scheme to give 
blacks a say in central govern- 
ment. On the other, he darkly 
warns outsiders against inter- 
fering in the future of his 
country and “thumps" the 
"agents of violence." When- 
ever he moves forward, he Iras 
to look back — at the ultra- 
right wing just behind him. 
There is an argument however 
Machiavellian, that actions 
like that of yesterday might be 
justified in the long-term if 
they enable him to continue 
(and perhaps even accelerate) 
the programme of reform. 

But will it have that result? 
The reaction in the Commons 
yesterday, and that by the 
Organization for African 
Unity, confirmed that the 
most immediate effect will be 
to amplify the clamour for 
economic sanctions — a clam- 
our which has recently been 
stilled by the renewal of dip- 
lomatic activity. It will prove 
deeply embarrassing to a num- 
ber of countries, notably Brit- 
ain — linked through the 
Commonwealth to the three 
states attacked. Mr. Botha is 
unlikely to lose much sleep 
over that — and he must have 
calculated that Britain will still 
resist any call by Europe and 
the Commonwealth for sanc- 
tions, damaging to our own 

On the face of it, however, 
yesterday’s operation is likely 
to diminish the chance of the 
EPG’s enabling the kind of 
dialogue between black and 
white in South Africa that 
should be Mr. Botha’s objec- 
tive. To carry oat a military 
operation on this scale when 
the EPG members are s till in 
Southern Africa would seem to 
be self-destructive. As Presi- 
dent Botha has clearly consid- 
ered all these arguments 
himself, one returns to the 
question — why? 

A possible explanation is 
that the Group has already 
done its work. Might it be that 
the EPG has already nego- 
tiated with Pretoria the release 
of Nelson Mandela — the 
glittering prize which last week 
seemed to lie within its grasp? 
If so, it is arguable drat Mr 
Botha would need to carry out 
a raid of such audacious 
disregard for the international 
community in order to 
manoeuvre Mandela’s release 
past sceptical right-wing Boers. 

That is the optimistic read- 

ing. A more pessimistic one is 
. that Pretoria has been coaxed 
against its better judgement 
into a Mandela deal and is 
looking for a chance to wriggle 
out of it After yesterday’s 
raids, it would seem most 
unlikely that the ANC woald 
render up a statement 
renouncing violence - of the 
kind that Pretoria would need 
to balance the release of 
Mandela. Mr. Botha could 
then turn to the rest of the 
world and explain that the 
arrangement had fallen 
through. The ANC he would 
say, had withdrawn from their 
part of the bargain. 

Such speculation might 
seem desperately for-fetched. 
But the action against the three 
front-line stales, particularly 
Zambia whose president 
Kenneth Kaunda had been 
trying to cast himself in the 
role of a leading peacemaker, 
is hard to explain in other 
terms. Even if one allows for 
the need for Botha to appease 
his ultra-conservatives, one 
has to question the need for 
him to go quite so for. And it is 
difficult to imagine that the 
president, who is nothing if 
not to ugh- minded, was pres- 
sured into action by his own 

Without firm evidence of a 
deeper purpose than a mere act 
of reprisal against the ANC 
South Africa's action must be 
strongly deplored. At best it 
has halted or slowed down the 
diplomatic progress that re- 
cently looked possible. At 
worst it could sever the lifeline . 
which is still being offered to 
the South Africans as they 
slither towards the abyss. If 
President Botha is still dedi- 
cated to the policy of “thump 
and talk", he had better start 
talking again — and quickly. 


Today The Times stands trial 
» before the House of Commons 
for the publication of a report 
that highlighted the dangers of 
waste from nuclear power 
nations. Last December’s 
revelation by our lobby re- 
porter, Mr Richard Evans, that 
an all-party committee of MPs 
considered disposal sites for 
radioactive waste to be “prim- 
itive in the extreme" ensured 
that a discussion that would 
otherwise have been carried on 
in the greatest possible ob- 
scurity was. in fact, conducted 
in the open. 

In any circumstances it 
would have felt curious five 
months later to be being 
judged for an act that so dearly 
concerned the public imerest 
and was so equally dearly in 
the best traditions of journal- 
ism. But that, after recent 
experiences at Sellafield and in 
the still black shadow of 
Chernobyl, we are still liable to 
be restricted from the House of 
Commons for publishing that 
report is almost past com- 

Others dearly find it un- 
comfortable too. It is now 
more than a week since the 
Privileges Committee of the 
House of Commons recom- 
mended that for six months 
Mr Evans be banned from the 
House (and The Times lose a 
lobby ticket) as a punishment 
for disclosing a draft report of 
the Select Committee on the 
Environment. During that 
time we have found support 
from many parliamentarians, 
from friends (and those not 

usually so friendly) in the 

Even making the extraor- 
dinary effort of disregarding 
the subject matter and its 
sudden and savage impinge- 
ment on the life of Europe, 
there has appeared a broad 
consensus that an institution 
whose proceedings have been 
prematurely disclosed should 
look first to the discloser of the 
information and not to the 
receiver of it. Someone gave 
the report to The Times. He or 
she is not being punished 
because he or she has not been 

The case against Mr Evans is 
manifestly unjust If one were 
to take a straw-poll amongst 
journalists, MPs who talk to 
journalists, civil servants who 
talk to MPs — indeed anyone 
who takes part in the political 
discourse that keeps the gov- 
erned informed about their 
governors — there would be an 
overwhelming majority to re- 
ject the Privileges 
Committee’s decision. 

Today, however, the whole 
House of Commons has the 
opportunity to decide. We 
ought to feel confident But 
while MPs may individually 
be models of common sense, 
and may talk much sense when 
they discusss matters of nu- 
clear safety, they can be af- 
flicted by strange corporate 
maladies when they come 
together to discuss themselves. 
And it is themselves, their 
privacies and their privileges 
that they are discussing today. 

The publication of the Select 
Committee’s draft report con- 

stituted a clear breach of 
parliamentary privilege under 
rules that go back at least to the 
beginning of the nineteenth 
century. These are rules that 
are now almost invariably 
unused and in general 
disrepute. They should form 
no part of a modern 
parliament’s equipment for 
monitoring the administration 
of the country. Select Commit- 
tees seek to look behind the 
closed doors of Whitehall. 
They ought not to revel in the 
habits of obsessive secrecy that 
they find therein. 

Some secrecy is necessary to 
all institutions. No newspaper 
should be so naive as to think 
it can be (or should be) 
otherwise. Opening up govern- 
ment is never simple. As one 
piece of government is opened 
another takes its most sen- 
sitive functions and closes 
itself away behind new doors. 

But secrecy has a permanent 
tendency to extend itself. It has 
an equal disinclination to cut 
itself back The battle for 
greater openness in govern- 
ment can never be finally won. 
But archaic, self-serving se- 
crecy can be fought Its neces- 
sity can be pul under constant 

It is our privilege to do the 
fighting. It is our privilege to 
ask the questions. And if 
secrecy is required by a Select 
Committee (or any other 
committee) it can be ensured 
by the simple act of keeping its 
members* mouths shut and 
not by pursuing the reporter 
who kept his ears open. 


A number of amendments 
have been tabled for today’s 
debate in the House of Lords 
or the Education Bill. They 
are designed to prohibit politi- 
* cal indoctrination in primary' 
and secondary schools and to 
require a balanced approach to 
teaching politically conten- 
tious subjects. 

The amendments, consid- 
ered together, have the support 
of a broad crossbench co- 
alition from Baroness Cox on 
the Conservative side through 
the independent Lord Annan 
to the SDP's Lord Hams of 
Greenwich. The signs are that 
most of the non-payroll 
Conservative peers look 
favourably upon them. A Gai- 
r iup poll conducted recently for 
Policy Research Associates 
suggests that almost two-thirds 
of the general public are also in 
svmpathv with their broad 
drift. The Government, how- 
ever. resists the amendments. 

The point at issue is not a 
major educational topic tft tne 
modem sense. That is to say, « 
docs not require large public 
expenditures. It may not atiea 
the great majority of chi dren 
(though the extent of biased 

teaching is uncertain.) But it is 
a major point of principle. 

Political indoctrination is 
objectionable not because it 
concerns politics — politics in 
the broad sense cannot be 
banished from the classroom 
— but because indoctrination 
is the opposite of education.. 

A teacher of history, for 
instance, will inevitably have 
to deal with topics that are still 
politically contentious. But 
how partisan aspects of such 
subjects should be taught is 
crucial. A teacher who conveys 
the view that there is only one 
valid way of thinking about 
poltical questions is not 
educating his pupils. He is 
indoctrinating them into a 
particular political tradition. 
And a subject like “peace 
studies", as it is taught in some 
schools, carries within itself 
and within its terminology a 
set of attitudes which deter- 
mine what the pupil should 
conclude rather than en- 
couraging him to consider the 
various opposing arguments. 
The very title “peace studies" 
is an example of the’ 
propagandist’s art which genu- 

ine education should seek to 
dissect and demystify. 

No-one who favours educa- 
tion, then, could oppose the 
intention behind the amend- 
ments. Those who oppose the 
amendments themselves 
accordingly argue that they are 
either unneccesary or un- 

It is said, for instance, that 
there is no evidence of political 
indoctrination in schools. But 
the complaints of parents re- 
ported in an earlier Lords 
debate, and the declared inten- 
tion of some teachers to offset 
the allied right-wing bias of 
“the media" are evidence that 
indoctrination is at least a 
danger to guard against These 
claims might be exaggerated- If 
so, what harm is done by 
prohibiting a non-existent 
danger? Similarly, if classroom 
indoctrination is too protean 
an evil to prohibit with com- 
plete effectiveness, a declara- 
■ tory legal provision might 
nonetheless deter it 

In short, there is no good 
reason to resist the amend- 
ments. If Ministers persist in 
doing so, their Lordships have 
cause to override them. 


Towards a new incomes policy? 

From Professor Emeritus Sir 
Henry Phelps Brown* FBA 
Sir, The lak year’s rise in wage 
rates and earnings in the private 
sector shows that the shift of 
negotiations from the industry to 
the firm or plant has not brought 
the expected flexibility. Managers 
under competitive pressure have 
reached settlements that raised 
their costs more than their 
competitors* because, in their 
judgement, resistance would have 
been more costly still, it would 
have been so because of the 
strength of their employees* 

An annual rise, bringing 
compensation for the rise in the 
cost of living together with some 
improvement in real terms, has 
come to seem part of the natural 
order, so much so that it is felt to 
be a moral entitlement Because it 
is looked for so confidently, the 
employees in any one firm believe 
that if they do not gel it, others 
wilL They are therefore prepared 
■to press their claim with all the 
fervour of a just cause. 

Their managers, for their own 
pan, must reflect that if they hold 

out others will noL The devolu- 
tion of negotiations is offset bv the 
spontaneous coordination of 

It is unlikely that expectations 
formed and ratified by long 
experience will be changed suf- 
ficiently by propaganda. Even an 
increasing margin of unemploy- 
ment may do little io change the 
expectations of the majority who 
keep their jobs, any more than it 
has done hitherto. 

We have to ask whether our 
existing arrangements are compat- 
ible with the aims of maintaining 
our competitive power and restor- 
ing employment Uncoordinated 
negotiations are at the mercy of 
coordinated expectations. 

Measures of centralisation 
would require intervention by 
government, and innovation, that 
would arouse misgivings and 
opposition, but it is hard to see 
how we can escape from our 
present course of self-destruction 
without bold measures. 

Yours faithfully, 


16 Bradmore Road, 


Tax on endeavour 

From Mr Sydney Shenion 
Sir, Your leader, "Electoral 
warning” (May 10) examined in 
detail and with some perception 
the reasons for a solid anti- 
Government vote. It is most 
surprising that immediately a 
constructive contribution to the 
debate from the Leader of the 
House is made Mr BifTen should 
be accused of offering a delayed- 
action poison pill. 

The simplistic general supply- 
side theory, having had some 
success in America, is now the 
avowed successor to monetarism. 
Most informed observers are of 
‘the opinion that in our different 
and smaller economy significant 
general tax reductions will be 
highly unlikely to have the same 
dynamic effect as in the USA and 
dissipation on consumer goods 
and imports will be damaging 
rather than beneficial. 

Pound for pound investment in 
properly evaluated investment in 
the infrastructure and in the 
health and educational area is 
certain to bring more immediate 
and quantifiable returns in 
employment and efficiency. 

It is dear, as John Biffen 
pointed out, it would be self- 
defeating if such funding was 
spent in unjustifiable pay in- 
creases. With proper scrutiny and 
rejection of invidious and biased 
comparative pay studies the Gov- 
ernment can ensure this does not 

Surely to anyone wishing to 
preserve the achievements since 

1979 it will be clear that nothing 
will solidify opposition and tac- 
tical voting against the Conser- 
vative candidate more than to 
give genera] large tax concessions. 

A leader’s decision alone, how- 
ever inspired and authoritative to 
some, is simply not sufficient Too 
much is at stake. 



95 The Crescent, 

Stockport, Cheshire. 

May 12. 

Unacceptable face? 

From Mr P. L Triscott 
Sir, Could there be some “mole" 
or "fifth-columnist" in the 
Department of Health and Social 
Security who decides to release at 
this time details of the 
Government's plans to reduce by 
half the help to be given to the 
unemployed who run into arrears 
with their mortgage interest pay- 
ments (report. May 16). This at a 
time when the Government is‘ 
already under criticism for its 
apparent uncaring attitude. 

Surely this is no time to 
exacerbate further the present 
mood in the country by bringing 
forward administrative plans 
which would be better forgotten or 
left until the outcome of the next 
general election. 

Yet another case of the Govern- 
ment shooting itself in the foot! 
Yours faithfully. 


Beggars Roost, 

Sea view. 

Isle of Wight 
May 16. 

Power and pay 

From Mr George W. Ruff or d 
Sir, Staff in the electricity supply 
industry have rejected a pay offer 
of 6.2 per cent, almost double the 
retail price index. Union leaders 
say that growth in sales and staff 
reductions entitle them to demand 
that the proposed inflationary 
offer should be increased. 

Unit labour costs, driven by 
inflationary settlements, have 
risen sharply since the seventies. 
Between 1975 and 1984 gross 
hourly manual pay increased by 
30 per cent compared with 9 per 
cent for workers in manufac- 
turing. There is clear evidence that 
whatever improvements there 
may have been in labour 
productivity most of the benefits 
have gone to the staff and not the 

It is also clear that the cost of a 
unit of electricity is largely made 
up of a series of labour cost inputs 
(in one financial form or another) 
from the coal face to the meter 
terminal. It is, therefore, excessive 
pay settlements in mining and 
electricity supply which inflated 
the price of electricity by 21 per 
cent in real terms between 1975 
and 1984. 

This is a symptom of a disease 
common to all highly centralised 
corporate structures with few mar- 
ket-place disciplines. The central 
bargaining charade, which in- 
extricably links all the big State 
enterprises, has meant that similar 
excessive pay rises have gone to 
those with the power to deprive 
the customer of an essential 
service. The cost to the nation? 
More than 100,000 jobs and over 
£1 billion per annum in in- 

Only a creative decentralization 
of management and trade union 
power which establishes regional 
or local wage bargaining will arrest 
this spiral of inflationary unit 
labour costs. 

The present negotiations are not 
confined to power station staff. 
The outcome will largely deter- 
mine the pay of 130.000 staff 
throughout the electricity supply 
industry. A 1 per cent rise in pay 
means £17.5 million from the 
customer’s purse. 

Yours sincerely, 


High Trees, 

Great Beatings, 

Wood bridge, Suffolk. 

May fS. 

Chernobyl disaster 

From Mr Nigel Austin 
Sir, Strikingly absent from most 
commentaries following the 
Chernobyl incident has been an 
appreciation of the moral aspects 
of long-term radiation hazards. By 
using nudear power, we are 
charging future generations with 
significant responsibilties. 

Not only are we obliging them 
to live with, and continue to dear 
up, the mess occasioned by such 
disasters; but even in the case of 
those nuclear power stations 
which do not happen to have 
accidents, we are committing 
them for centuries to keeping a 
safe watch over our toxic radio- 
active waste. 

Considerations of relative en- 
ergy costs are irrelevant- The 
moral imperative is clear. We are 
not entitled to put at risk those 
who are yet unborn. 

Yours fetthfully, 


62 Melfsiock Avenue, 

Dorchester, Dorset. 

May 14. 

From Professor O. L Wade 
Sir, i agree with Mr Ian Lloyd's 
assessment (May 1 5) of the need 
to continue development of nu- 
clear power generation. There is 
an additional argument that 
should appeal to conservationists: 
coal and oil need to be conserved. 

They are the raw materials the 
chemical engineers of a hundred 
years from now will need. 

Our greatgrandchildren will 
blame us if these important 
materials are wasted now. 

1 am, yours sincerely. 


Pro-V ice-Chancellor and Vicc- 

The University of Birmingham. 
May 15. 

Crown immunity 

From Mr R. T. Oerton 
Sir, In a case reported in your Law 
Report for May 6, a tenant alleged 
that his landlords had failed to 
comply with sections 32 and 33 of 
the Housing Act 1961. These 
sections apply to short leases of 
dwelling-houses and impose upon 
landlords a duty to repair the 
structure and exterior of the 
property, and to look after in- 
stallations for the supply of water, 
gas and electricity and for sanita- 
tion and beating. 

In this instance the landlords 
were the Department of Transport 
and they argued that, since they 
were a department of the Crown, 
ihey were not bound by this very 
elementary duty. Their argument 

I make no assumptions about 
the merits of this particular case, 
but surety a thorough review of the 
patchwork immunities of the 
Crown is overdue. It may be that 
the Sovereign in her personal 
capacity should continue to be 
immune from ordinary process, 
but it is rally intolerable that 
basic statutory duties such as 
those in the Housing Act cannot 
be enforced against a body like the 
Department of Transport merely 
because it can claim to represent 
the Crown. 

It is no use saying that such 
bodies always behave so impecca- 
bly that their actions need not be 
subject to the laws which bind the 
rest of us. I do not believe it. Bui 
the question is not for them or me 
but for the courts to answer. Why 
should they noi do so? 

Yours faithfully, 


84 Burghley Road, NW5. 

May 7. 

Alone, alone, all 
all alone . . . 

From the Reverend Ian A. 

Sir, Aft easy majority of the cars 
dogging the M25 (photograph. 
May 16) appear to have only one 
occupant, presumably filming at 
all ihe other inconsiderate loners 
who won't arrange to cany pas- 
sengers, even at peak times. 

Cui bono? 

Yours faithfully (and just as 


679 Hertford Road, 

Enfield, Middlesex. 

May 16. 

From Mr John Ryan 
Sir, On page 16 of Tuesday, May 
13, you feature 5,000 unsold 
Austin Rover cars and the com- 
ments of the disconsolate sales- 
man. Today, May 16, you show 
“crawling anger on the clogged 

No motorway system can hope 
to cope with the ever-increasing 
numbers of vehicles dumped upon 
it; it is like filling a limited number 
of buckets with an unlimited 
quantity of sand. Viewing the 
matter in this light surely we 
should be grateful for the unsold 

Yours faithfully, 


12 Airlie Gardens, WS. 

May 16. 

From Mr Gary K. Peartnan 
Sir. I read with imerest your report 
(May 16) on the dogged M25 and 
the ways in which pressure could 
be relieved. 

Remodelling the junctions, 
changing traffic management 
arrangements and adding a fourth 
lane are the three options put 
forward, but I would like to 
suggest a fourth. How about one 
lane each way given over to a 
rapid transit system with other 
public transport connections? 

The motorist is subsidised to 
the tune of millions of pounds 
with road scheme improvements; 
surely subsidy of a public trans- 
port system would benefit all, not 
just the one-occupant car drivers 
shown in your picture. Environ- 
mentally. high density motor traf- 
fic can never be a success. 

Yours faithfully. 


32 Lipson Road, 

St Judes, 

Plymouth, Devon. 

May 16. 

From Lieutenant-Colonel H. C. 
M. Walton 

Sir, Your picture (May 16) of 
stationary cars on the M25 illus- 
trates that private cars are very 
numerous. What it does not show 
is that they are dangerous, killing 
more than 5.000 and inuring 
more than 300.000 people a year. 

If there were this number of 
aeddents in trains or buses there 
would be a public outcry and 
questions in Parliament. 

Future generations will con- 
demn us for our refusal to 
recognise the danger, just as we 
condemn the Victorians for their 

I remain. Sir, yours sadly, 


346 Woodstock Road, 


May 16. 

Paper chase 

From Mr John R. Talbot 
Sir, In common with most people 
I am accustomed to receiving a 
regular supply of “junk” mail, but 
my ration this morning (May 8) 
consisted of what must be re- 
garded as the absolute nadir of its 
kind; it was a begging letter from 
Mr Neil Kjnnock. 

The packet contained a four- 
page letter, a heart-rending pam- 
phlet about Labour Party poverty, 
a sponsorship form/bankers’ or- 
der. and a Freepost reply en- 

As it was correctly addressed I 
was moved to wonder how on 
earth my particulars could have 
found their way on ro a Labour 
Party mailing list; whatever follies 
I may have committed during my 
42 years of enfranchisement, 
membership of, or any form of 
attachment to, the Labour Party is 
something I have managed to 

The answer was candidly pro- 
vided in a PS which for sheer 
effrontery must be unsurpassed in 
the political arena. I quote; 

Where did we get your name 
from? A number of organizations 
make their mailing lists available, 
and we have used one to reach you. 
We know nothing about you or your 
political affinities, apart from your 
name and address and the type of 
product or service you have pur- 
chased in the past. 

The mind boggles! But leaving 
aside the many other questions 
arising, let it suffice to question 
the ethics of any commercial 
undertaking which would pass 
personal customer information to 
any political organization; it obvi- 
ously is too much to expect that it 
is also illegal. 

Yours faithfully, 


18Blackbume Close, 

Warrington. Cheshire. 

May 8. 

Trouble at V&A 

From Mr Alan Schneider 
Sir, You report today (May 14) 
that Sir Roy Strong has told MPs 
that recent accidents at the Vic- 
toria and .Albert Museum would 
not have happened if the Govern- 
ment had fulfilled its responsibil- 
ity regarding maintenance. 

The feci that maintenance has 
been neglected is one matter to 
say that this caused the smashing 
of the Algardi bust, and that such 
an event could occur again, is 

Yours sincerclv, 


163 Green Lanes, Nlfi. 

MAY 20 1913 

The Royal Horticultural Society, 
founded in 1804 at the instigation 
of Mr Thomas Andrew Knight 
and Sir Joseph Bonks, decided 
after their spring show in 1911 to 
look for more space. Two years 
later they found it 


The Royal Horticultural 
Society's great spring show opens 
at noon today in the Royal 
Hospital Gardens, Chelsea. It is 
the first of a series which has 
succeeded the famous Temple 
shows, and at the first glance the 
magnificence of the show reflects 
the prosperous condition of horti- 
culture in this country. The first 
Temple show, that of 1888, was the 
first movement indicating the turn 
of the tide in the Royal Horticul- 
tural Society's affairs. 

The Society then consisted of 
only 1,108 Fellows and was on the 
verge of bankruptcy, but under the 
presidency of Sir Trevor Lawrence 
and the secretaryship of the Rev. 
W. Wilks there has been a steady 
improvement, and today the Soci- 
ety numbers 14,000 Fellows and 
has investments amounting to 
£70,000. Favourable as were the 
Temple Gardens as a show site, 
and generous as were the members 
of the Inner Temple always in their 
hospitality, there can be no doubt 
that the site has been outgrown. As 
compared with the last show there 
in 1911, the entries are twice as 
numerous and the space covered 
thrice as large. 

A great advantage of the new 
arrangements is the scenic effect it 
gives to the show as a whole. On 
entering the great tent one is 
Struck by the b rillian t marnea of 
axaipns and rhododendrons, the 
profusion of roses and carnations, 
and the wealth of the great bank of 
orchids which, facing east and 
west, runs almost the whole length 
of the tent These colour masses 
are one of the features of the show 
and link up with the cinerarias, 
calceolarias, gloxinias and gorgeous 
annua Is of our great seed houses, 
Messrs Carter. Suttons, Webb etc. 

The orchid-like schizanthus are 
very well done this year. Mrs 
Borrett’s plants being particularly 
noteworthy. The scented-leaved 
pelargoniums seem to have re- 
ceived encouragement through the 
trials of the Society now in 


A Criticism of its Work. 

To the Editor of The Times. 

The committee of the Royal 
Horticultural Society meet every 
fortnight and bestow awards and 
certificates with lavish hands, and 
in its garden at W is ley trials of 
florists’ plants are constantly being 
held, but is it doing anything to 
increase our knowledge of the wild 
species, which are the basis of all 
florists’ work? Except in the 
matter of range of colour, entirely 
new forms of garden plants can 
seldom be raised as the result of 
artificial cross fertilization without 
the introduction of some new 
species . . . 

The floral committee is com- 
posed almost entirely of the trade 
element, which is not unnaturally 
inclined to consider it of the 
greatest importance that a plant 
should be such as will make a great 
effect at a show and sell well. The 
nurseryman seldom finds it worth 
his while to raise hybrids. He 
leaves this work to amateurs and is 
content to buy the showiest results 
and then to propagate them. 

Research on one genus of garden 
plants and reference to the original 
authors of the specific names in use 
has shown that the usual nomen- 
clature is frequently erroneous, and 
there is no reason to suppose that 
the genus in question has suffered 
more than any other from the 
vagaries oflocal botanists. 

We should expect that the Royal 
Horticultural Society would be at 
some pains to see that all plants 
exhibited under its aegis should be 
correctly named, and that if. as is 
undoubtedly the case, much confu- 
sion existed among the species of 
such a popular garden genus as 
saxifraga, for example, some at- 
tempt would be made in the garden 
at Wisley to grow specimens of all 
the species and to see that they 
were correctly named. Instead of 
this, the Society allows the exhibi- 
tion of plants under any fantastic 
name that the exhibitor chooses to 
attach to them, so long as the name 
is not already in use for another 
plant . . . 

If Kew botanical gardens, with 
its many activities, its smoky 
atmosphere, and its marauding 
invasions of suffragettes and oth- 
ers, cannot undertake the work of 
dealing with the species that 
underlie our garden plants, surely it 
is incumbent on the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society to devote some 
small part of its energies and 
income to work which must lead to 
the real progress of horticulture. 

I am. Sir, your obedient servant, 

Charterhouse, Godaiming 

Signs of the times 

From Mr Raymond Parkin 
Sir. Thirty* years ago you pub- 
lished a letter in which I asked: 
“Will you encourage your readers 
to record, for our enlightenment 
and for the benefit of future 
historians, personal examples of 
significant signs of our times?’ 

1 cited a retiring major-general, 
attending a rehabilitation course, 
who said; “What I am learning 
about paper-hanging painting, 
and household repairs will be 
worth a year's extra pension". Was 

Times — and The Times — have 
changed. What about today's signs 
of the times? Arc wc still rehabili- 
tating majore-general? 


April Cottage, 

22 Botley Road, 





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1986 . 

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May 19: The Queen ihis morn- 
ing opened the new premises of 
the Reading Newspaper Com- 
pany Ltd, Penman Road, 

Having been received by Her 
Majesty's Lord-Lieutenant for 
the Royal County of Berkshire 
(Colonel the Hon Gordon 
Palmert and the Chairman of 
the Company (Mr Norman 
Richards). The Queen unveiled 
a commemorative plaque and 
toured the building, escorted by 
the Managing Director (Mr 
Kimble EarlL 

The Queen then visited Read- 
ing School (Headmaster, Mr 
John Bristow} to mark the 
Quincentenary of its 
Refoiuidation by King Henry 

Having been received by the 
Chairman of the Governors (Dr 
E. S. Page). Her Majesty was 
graciously pleased to address the 

The Queen then met mem- 
bers of the staff and pupils, 
unveiled a bust of King Henry 
VH (Sculptor. Mr Martin Lo- 
renz) and. afterwards, in the 
Chapel, attended a Service dur- 
ing which Her Majesty unveiled 
a new commemorative window. 

The Hon Mary Morrison, Mr 
Robert Fellowes and Major 
Hugh Lindsay were in 

The Queen, accompanied by 
The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips and Miss Sarah Fer- 
guson, this evening visited the 
Chelsea Show of the Royal 
Horticultural Society in the 
Gardens of the Royal Hospital 

The Hon Mary Morrison. 

Major Hugh Lindsay and the 
Countess of Lichfield were in 

The Princess Anne. Mrs Mark 
Phillips presented the annual 
Pye Television Awards at 
luncheon at the Hilton Hotel 
London Wl today. 

Mrs Malcolm Innes was in 

Her Royal Highness this eve- 
ning attended a performance of 
Run far Your Wife at the 
Criterion Theatre. London Wi 
in aid of the London Region of 
the Victim Support Scheme. 

The Countess of Lichfield was 
in attendance. 

May 19: The Princess Margaret 
Countess of Snowdon this eve- 
ning visited the Chelsea Show of 
the Royal Horticultural Society 
in the Gardens of the Royal 
Hospital. Chelsea. 

May 19: Princess Alice, Duchess 
of Gloucester and The Duchess 
of Gloucester this evening vis- 
ited the Chelsea Show of the 
Royal Horticultural Society in 
the Gardens of the Royal Hos- 
pital, Chelsea. 

Mrs Michael Harvey and Mrs 
Howard Page were in 

May 19: The Duke of Kent left 
Heathrow Airport London this 
evening for Australia to attend 
The Duke of Edinburgh's 6th 
Commonwealth Study 

Sir Richard Buckley is in 

A memorial service for Vis- 
countess Broome will be held 
at Chelsea Old Church at noon 


Latest appointments include: 

Mr Robert O'Neill to be Ambas- 
sador to Vienna and leader of 
the UK delegation to the nego- 
tiations on mutual reduction of 
forces and armaments and asso- 
ciated measures in Central Eu- 
rope at Vienna, in succession to 
Mr M. O'D. B. Alexander. 

Air Chief Marshal Sir Michael 
Knight to be Air Aide-de-Camp 
to the Queen from May 10. in 
succession to Air Chief Marshal 
Sir Thomas Kennedy. 

Mrs Anne Owers to be general 
secretary of the Joint Council 
for the Welfare of Immigrants in 
succession to Miss Fiona 

Loretto Junior 

The Govemore of Loretto an- 
nounce the appointment of Mr 
Charles Hall i day as Headmaster 
of Loretto Junior School in 
succession to Mr Clifford 
Hughes who retires in July. Mr 
Halliday is presently 
Housemaster of Blackwater 
House. Eastbourne College. 

Worth School 

Worth School has made die 
following awards: 

Scholarships: Alastalr Ferraro 

■ Eversfleiu Preparatory School). 
Thomas Coyhttn (The Junior School. 
Hurstptenxunr Coliegei. DavM Norris 
iBuckfast Abbey School). 

Exhibitions: Paul Cotuni (Worth 

School Junior House). Phlffio Escort 
(The Hawthorns) (Special Award for 
maths and science). David Barnett 
iHasiemere Preparatory Scboon. 

Chelsea Flower Show 

Wealth of exotic plants 

By Alan Toogood, HorticnJtHre Correspondent 

The Chelsea Flower Show 
opens today in the grounds of 
the Royal Hospital, with a 
wealth of colourful exotic 
plants to greet visitors, an 
especially welcome sight after 
a long hard drab winter and 
late spring. 

One can tour the world in 
the great marquee and admire 
a South American mangrove 
swamp planted, by An more 
Exotics, of Lovedean, Hamp- 
shire. with amhuriums in 
shades or red. scarlet and 
crimson, and bromeliads like 
Guzmania whitmatii hybrids 
sporting highly coloured leaf- 
like bracts. Spanish moss, 
ferns and pitcher plants or 
nepenthes “drip" from trees- 

Air plants or atmospheric 
tillandsias from the rain for- 
ests of South America have 
been staged by Vesutor 
Airplants, of Ashington. West 
Sussex. A large tree (transport- 
ed by removal van) is 
“planted" with hundreds of 
green and grey-leaved air 
plants - the latter are ideally 
suited to a drier atmosphere. 
Such is the popularity of air 
plants, which are always 

ted flowers and green, red- 
veined leaves. 

One can see the indigenous 
flowers of South Africa, staged 
by the South African Depart- 
ment of Information, includ- 
ing orange and blue sirelitzias 
and red and pink proteas. 
Endangered species are on 
display: the red-flowered 
heather. Erica pillansiL which 
was first “discovered" being 
sold as cut flowers on a market 
stall; Orothamnus r eyherii, 
the marsh rose, with silver 
foliage and pink flower bracts; 
and the false buchu or 
agathosma, with highly aro- 
matic foliage, used in folk 

There are plants from the 
Mediterranean like 

bougainvilleas in many col- 
ours, oleanders, passion flow- 
ers and scented jasmines, 
staged by Pepinieres Jean Rey, 
of Jonquieres, France. 

Growers of hardy plants 
have had a hard time getting 
plants into the peak of condi- 
tion for Chelsea, due to the 
Arctic spell last winter and the 

___ _ cold late spring. But with the o o ._ 

grown on wood, that they can aid of glass protection and crab apples; ornamental cher- 
be bought in high street chain other "tricks" they have man- nes in flower and wall shrubs 

and staged 

Hillier Nurseries, of 
Ampfleid. Hampshire, are 
showing shrubs, trees and 
other hardy subjects, includ- 
ing many of the “classic" 
garden plants, but also prom- 
ising newcomers such as the 
golden incense cedar. 
CaJocedrus decurrens Bernina 
Gold, and a dogwood, Comus 
nuttalUi Corego Giant, with 
exceptionally large leaves and 
white flower bracts. 

Ground-cover roses for en- 
vironmental planting and for 
the home gardener form the 
theme of the exhibit from 
John Mattock, of Nuneham 
Courtenay, Oxford. For small 
gardens there are varieties like 
Snowcarpet and Pink Wave; 
for large areas Pink Bells and 
White Bells with double flow- 
ers. All are disease resistant 
and da not need pruning. 

A laburnum arch is the 
centrepiece of the exhibit from 
Notcutts Nurseries, of 
Woodbridge, Suffolk, who are 
showing shrubs, trees, climb- 
ers, roses and other hardy 
plants. There are clematis 
twining through flowering 

stores as well as garden 

A vast North American 
desen has been created by 
Aberdeen District Council 
and planted with hundreds of 
cacti and succulents: groves of 
columnar kinds IS feet high, 
barrel cacti more than 100 
years old and a veritable 
“waterfall" of rat’s tail cactus 
in full bloom, cascading over a 
mini cliff 

From desert to North 
American bogs from which 
come many carnivorous or 
insect-eating plants. These are 
being shown by Marston Exot- 
ics, of Somerton, Somerset, 
and include one of their own 
raising - a hybrid trumpet 
pitcher or sarracenia named 
Daniel Rudd, with beautiful 

u and staged some 
magnificent displays of 
shrubs, perennials, bulbs, 
roses and other plants. Only 
one or two exhibitors, out of 
several hundred, had to drop 
out at the last minute. 

* Bressingham Gardens, of 
Diss. Norfolk, are showing 
many new plants, including 
the golden-leaved shrub 
Choisya ternata Sundance: 
creamy-yellow flowered 
Berberis x slenophytia Cream 
Showers; a golden-leaved 
ground-cover perennial, 
Stachys ohmpica Primrose 
Heron; a cream-variegated 

like scarlet Cliamhus 
puniceus, yellow fremoniia 
and blue Teucrium fruticans. 
There are azaleas tastefully 
planted among golden-foliage 
trees and shrubs. 

Not often seen at Chelsea, 
nor indeed at any other flower 
Show, are hardy and half- 
hardy annuals. A large collec- 
tion is being shown by the 
Royal Parks. Regents Park, 
London, which includes scent- 
ed stocks, honesty, 
schizanthus, pot marigolds 
and climbers like sweet peas 
and canary creeper. The ex- 
hibit illustrates admirably the 

Solomon's seal. Polvgowum 
mulliflorum Variegatum; and 

Galaxy achilleas, (lowering SSdSo^av ^ * 

bonier plants in several new moaest ouUay - 

and unusual colours. Opening hows, page 20 

Royal Society of 
St George 

The following have been elected 
officers of the City of London 
branch of the Royal Society of St 
George for the ensuing yean 

President. Mr Deputy Bernard L 
Morgan: Vlce-Prcsktenta. Mr Graham 
n Reddirrt and Mr Frauds Heaps: 
Chairman. Mr wmiam B Fraser: 
Honorary Secretary and Vlce-Ovalr- 
man. Mr John Minshull-Fogg: Honor- 
ary Treasurer. Mr Charles P 

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SI. John 20. 22 1 R-S.VJ 


A*TKUITo Pip and Robert a son. Rob- 
ert Edward Seymour on 17lh May. 

CLOSE-SMITH On May l&ih at the 
Westminster Hospital, to Rachel and 
Thomas, a daughter (Sophie) staler 
for Nicola and James. 

DUNN on May 18th at Mayday Hospi- 
tal. Croydon to Mary tnee MUmer) 
and Stephen, a daughter Philippa 

- On Saturday 17th May 
1986. at Southroead HospltaL Bris- 
tol. to Sally and William, a son. 
William Patrick. 

POSTER On May 17th In Chests', to 
Unda and George, a daughter. Ca- 
milla Jane Elizabeth, 

FREEMAN oo May 17th 19S6 at Port- 
land HospltaL London to Jennifer 
tnee Watson) and Roger, a daughter, 
a staler lor Edmund. 

JONES On 16lh May 1986. at SI 
Thomas's Hospital, to Tina and 
a sop Robert, a brother for 


ULM - On 19th May to Alice tnee 
Saunti and Alexander, a daughter 
Stephanie Ann. a staler for Rupert. 

WHTrrer On May ath, al sl Mary's 
HospltaL Manchester, to Marian inee 
Taylor) and Douglas, a brother tor 

WORSLEY On May 1 2 th ai The Coun- 
ty Hospital. Hereford, to Julia (nee 
Cowteyt and Simon, a daughter. 
Susannah Elizabeth, a staler (or Da- 
vid and Alistair. 

WHEY At St Teresa's Hospital, on May 
17th. to CtMnona. wife of Charles 
Wrey. a son. Edward Charles. 


ARMOT On 1801 May at Fanrooroagb 
Hospital. Kent. Robin Page AmoL 
aged 96. author and historian of the 

BENSON Dr. Robert. FRCP of 
Room ell. Staked ey. Norfolk. Sudden- 
ly on Friday May 16Ui. 1986. Father 
Of Justin. KrisiJne. Elizabeth -Ann & 
Peter. Aged 70 Years. Funeral ar- 
rangements later 

BtfOflEr Hector Danfckiold Bruce on 
May I5<h at Home. Much missed 
brother, father and friend. Family fu- 
neral at Pamptstord ii.ooam on 
May 23rd. Memorial Service will be 
held later In London. 

CHAMBERS • On May 16th Enid Mary 
of Barnes. London SW13. beloved 
aunt of Christopher John. Nary. 
Tanya and Natasha Conk, joined her 
adored staler Betty and parents Mary 
and Jack. Funeral sen-ice at 
Si. Mary's church. Barnes in Langtan 
Chapel on Thursday 22nd May at 
1 0.1 Sam followed by cremation al 
Morttakeal ll.OOam. No mourning 
CtoUies- Family flowers only to T.H. 
Sanders and Sons. Barnes. Dona- 
tions if desired to The British Heart 
Foundation Appeal. ]Q2 Ctournur 
Ptace. London W1H dim. 

CLACK -on May 17th 1986. peaceful- 
ly after a short Illness, at the John 
RadcllfTe Hospital. Oxford. Janet 
Mary Laniner. aged 79 years. 
Rack End. Sandlake. Oxford: widow 
of LeeUe. beloved mother of Nick, 
grandmother of Toby and Bryony. 
Funeral Service at St. Giles Church. 
StandJake. on Thursday May 22nd 
at 3.00 pm. Family flowers only 
please, donations if desired to Cancer 
Research Fund. 

CROCKER On May 1 4th 1986. sud- 
denly at hta home. East coir. Farum 
Way. Curzon Park, Caine. Wins, 
Bernard Crocker aged 58 years. Be- 
loved husband of Pamela and dear 
fattier of Melvin and Marilyn. Funer- 
al Thursday May 22nd. service and 
cremation, at Breakspcar crematori- 
um. Rutshp. Middx, at 4.00 p m Cut 
flowers only to East cole, to Garth 
Close, Ruisllp. or charitable dona- 
tions of your choice. Enquiries to E. 
Wootion * Son. 13 North Sheet. 
Caine. 0249 812258. 

DUHN FTOda Mary, peacefully on May 
15th. Service si Beckenham Crema- 
torium. Friday 23rd May at 2.20pm. 
Donations, if desired, to The British 
Heart Foundation. 

FRY on i7th May 1986. peacefully al 
Kbigswood Heritage Nursing Home. 
Ktngswood. Surrey. Flora Georgina 
May. aged 87. widow of Walter V. 
Fry. late of South Croydon. Dearly 
loved mother of lan. dear grand 
mother of Julie. Richard. Mandy and 
Cindy and great grandmother of Ed- 
mund. Cremation at Surrey and 
Sussex Crematorium. Worth. Sussex 
on Friday 23rd May at 12 noon. 
Family flowers only please. Dona- 
tions. If desired, to the British Heart 
Foundation, c/o Funeral Directors 
Truetove. 18 Church Road. Epsom. 

6AL0PIN On May 17th peacefully In 
hospital. Genevieve, for 45 y 
much loved friend and companion to 
the Wroughton family. 

GAIIWNER On May 19th. 
peacefully away al home. 3 Norland 
Road. Bristol. Christopher John Gar- 
diner. u Col. R.E.. (rid). D-S.O, 
O.aE.. T.D.. D L Husband of Brid- 
ge! (Biddy i. father of Gina. James. 
Nicholas and David. Funeral Service 
at the Lord Mayor's Chapel. College 
Green. Bristol on Friday May 23rd at 
1 1.00 a.m. Family flowers only. Do- 
nations In beu may be sent to the 
Friends of the Bristol Radiotherapy. 
Horfleld Hoad. BristoL BS2 BED. 

SODDEN Allan Lawson. On lfith May 
1986. of Manor Farm, Drayton SI. 
Leonard. Oxfordshire, widower of 
EMe May (Pat), suddenly In his 80th 
year Father lo Angela and Richard, 
grandfather and great-ffamUaUwr. 
Cremation at Oxford Crematorium. 
Thursday 22nd May at 11.30am. No 
flowers by requcsL 

GOSNAY On May 17th peacefully al 
lus home, hta Honour Judge Maxwell 
Camay, beloved Husband of Ann 
and toning and devoted father of An- 
drew and Caroline. Service and 
Iniermenl at St John's Church. 
Wetherby Road. Leeds on Thursday 
May 22nn « 1.16pm. Family flow- 
ers only please buL If desired 
donations maybe to sent to ellher the 
Salvation Army. 59 North St. Leeds 
2 or Uk Royal National Life Boat In- 
soruie. west Ouay Road. Poole. 
DorseL BW15 1H2. 

May 18th 1986. Doreen 
awed f». widow of Thomas Stanford 
Griffin and stepmother pf Jean and 
John, formerly of Leicester. Funeral 
Swvice al 10.30 a.m. on Thursday 
2£tdMay at Holy Trinity Church. 
Old Bostiam. followed by private ere 
maiion. Family flowers only. 

donations If desired to Chichester 
and Bognor Regis Mencap Society 

f ° Reynows. 

Lane. Basham. 

HA WORTH -BOOTH On May igth 
1986. peacefully at home. Michael of 
Farail. RoundhursL Hasiemere. fa- 
ther of Louise Wallace and Attn 
Ferguson. Funeral Service al St Law- 
rence Church. Lurpa&haU. at ja 
noon on Thursday 22nd May. Fam- 
ily flowers only. 

HILL On 17lh May atClen Dash Nurs- 
ing Home. Klngdand. Margaret 
Witam aped 93 years, widow of Jack 
Arthur Funeral Service al Orieion 
Church. Herefordshire. Friday 23rd 
May at 2.00 pm. Flowers lo J. 
Preece (Tel. Kingdom 319). 

HUTCHISON - Kenneth Nod < Nome), 
beloved husband of Kitty, in 
MontecatlnL Italy. J71h May. 

HYNES -On May 13 U 1 19(B6 very sud- 
denly. Squadron Leader Gerard 
Patrick Hynes. M.BX.. R.A.F.. iRId). 
adored husband of Bridle and loving 
father of Carole. Sharon and Martin. 

He will be very sadly Rusted by all 
that knew and kited him. Requiem 
Mass on May 20th at Sacred Hearts 
Church. Flower Lone. Min H1U. Lon- 
don. NW7. followed by private , 

KENNEDY On 19th May. In hospItaL 
Judith, elder daugthcr of the late Ad- 
miral and Mm. Kennedy of Soutftaea. 
Cremation at GoMers Green Crema- 
torium. at 1.30 p.m. on Thursday 
22nd May. Family flowers only 
please, but donaltons if desired to 
N-5-P.C.C- 67 Saffron H11L EC1N 
8RS and letters lo Mrs Leila Rich 
ants. 27 ChurchU! Crescent. 
Sheringham. NR26 8NQ. 

LEWIS Brian Noel, aged 56. Professor 
al the Open University, on May l71h 
1986. in haspUai after a long Ulness 
bravely borne. Beloved husband of 
Sylvia, sadly missed by family, 
friends and colleagues. No flowers by 
request. Donations if w desired to 
Cancer Research. Funeral private- 
LEWIS Owen. Fomerty with British 
European Airways, peacefully at 
home 16th May. Povntngs. St Law- 
rence. Isle of Wight Much loved 
husband of Norah and dear father of 
JacnueUne. william and David. 
LLOYD On 17 May 1986. at home al 
Aberfenny. Sylvia Lorraine Macken- 
zie aged 45 years. WHe of David and 
mother of Rachel. Emma and James. 
Private funeral sendee at Defyzmog 
Church on 21st May- No flowers, but 
donations If desired to The Menial 
Health Foundation, c/o The Manag- 
er. Lloyds Bank. Brecon. 

NEALE WQfred Groves. On 1 8th May 
1986. peacefully fonowtng a short Ill- 
ness. beloved husband of the late 
Emily, rather of Richard and David 
and grandlalher of Alteon. John and 
Julia- Funeral at All Saints Church. 
Long Ashton on Thursday 22nd May 
at il.oo a.m. Family flowers only. 
Dona bans if desired to the Glouces- 
tershire Historic Churches 
Preservations Trust Waver! ey 
House. Edgeworth. Stroud. Gtos. 
HEMS TER May 18th Peacefully at 
home- James, beloved husband of 
the late Margaret, much loved father 
of John. Peggy and Thomas and 
grandfather of Luden. Del and Caro. 
Funeral service al Mayfield Church. 
Mayfield Rd. Edinburgh, on Wednes- 
day. 2 1 5) May. al 1-30 pm. All 
friends are united to attend. 
RAMSAY On Uie 18th of May at Salis- 
bury. peacefully after a tong Illness. 
Lucinda Alistair*, beloved wtf« of 
Angus. Private runeral. Service of 
Remembr a nce. Friday 23rd of May 
at 3.00pm al Sl Catherine's Church, 
a Catherines. Bath Easton. Bath. No 
flowers. Donations to Salisbury Mac- 
Millan Hospice Care TrusL 
1CHMOND Maxwell K.B.E- C.B.. 
D.S.O- OJLE-. R-N.. (Rut). On May 
16U| 1986. at Whangaref. New 2ea 
land. Much missed and loved by hts 
fam ily. 

STEWART (nee WUSarml - On 1 4 (ft 
May 1986. al 14 Cherry Walk. 
Cheadle Hutme. Cheshire. Val Helen, 
aged 34 years, very much loved 
wife, mother and friend to Colin and 
Craig. Service at Stockport Cremato- 
rium. on Wednesday. 2 1st May at 
11.30 am. No flowers please, dona- 
tions may be made to Christian Aid 
or Cancer Research. Christie Hospi- 
tal. Manchester. Enaulries to Ben 
Lloyd (F.D.) Lid.. Tel: 061 4853135. 
WILLIAMSON - Smart James, on 
Thursday IStrt May. very suddenly, 
aged 36. al Henley-on- Thame: be- 
loved husband of Rebecca, and 
father of James. Edward and Vic- 
toria: much loved son of John and 
Jan Williamson, and dear brother to 
Laurence. Helen and Andrea. Total- 
ly committed to hta family, friends. 
Church and hta God. “Whether we 
live or die. we are the Lords". 


CDMONiTWff A Memorial Service 
for Mrs Sibylla Edmonslone will be 
held on Monday 16th June 12 30pm 
at Holy Trinity Brampton. 

LOMMUHE A Service of Thanksgiving 
for the Bfe Of John Loncmire (1902 - 
1986) will be held at the Church of S> 
Sepulchre Without Newgale. Hoi- 
born viaduct ECt . on Saturday May 
3lst al 11.15 am. 


Or Monday May 20. 1901. 
reM0 *n«- strambran Lodge. 
, “S 1 ”**; Rora-shlre. Mary dearly 
wveo wife or Arthur Bignold. Laird 
«* *-««•£ K«wue. "Where the loved 
an d fost arc waning, so far away." 

PELMAM In ever loving memory of my 
precious husband Clinton on this hts 
Birthday. Loving father, gramvather 
and great -grandfather. His very lov- 
ing wife Jeanle. 



HOARS A service for Susan Hoare will 
be hew at st Augustme's Church. 
Easi Hendred. near wantage at 4.00 
p.m. on Friday 23rd May 1986. No 
flowers please, but she would have 
appreciated a donation to a hospice. 

Forthcoming marriages 

Mr O.M. Sells Mr G. Cottam 

nod Miss JLJ. Mackworth- and Miss S.P. Whitefey 
Vomtg The engagement is announced 

The engagement is announced between Gary, cider son of Mr 
between Oliver, son of Sir and Mrs Raymond Cottam. of 
David and Lady Sells, of Great Ecdeston, Lancashire, 
Tadlow House, Royston, and Sara Patricia, youngest 
Hertfordshire, and Lucinda, daughter of Mr and Mrs Gordon 
daughter of the late Mr G. W. Whueley. of PouJton le Fylde, 
Mackworth-Young, and of Lady Lancashire. 

Eve Mackworth-Young, of Mr ji Fonnaa 
5£«w? de la Mere, Wylye. ^ A^SSwdr 

The engagement is announced 


R.G. B nekton 
and Mrs SJI. Hamdine 
The engagement is announced 
between Rodney Buckion. 

Royal Regiment of Fusiliers, 
only son of Mr G. H. Buckion. .... . _ nnuuT , _ 

OBE, and Mrs BucktotL of East ^ Mrs G.VJ. Petrie 

^* d Kyren,a ’ The marriage has been arranged 

«r d ,h. Sl ^r2 f0 w ngCT ^ will take place on July 5 
daughter of the late Dr Hum- between Muir Hunter 

between James, youngest son of 
Dr and Mrs Sholto Forman, of 
Barnstaple, Devon, and Kath- 
erine, daughter of Mr J. B. Weir 
and Mrs Weir, of Hammer- 
smith. London. 

Mr M.VJS. Hunter, QC, 

phrey Whitmore and Mrs C. N. 
Whitmore, of Sandwich, Kent. 

Mr CJ. Boll 
and Miss JX. Liddell 
The engagement is announced 
between Christopher, son of Mr 
and Mrs W. J. Bull, Javea, 
Spain, and Jane, daughter of Dr 
and Mis J. Liddell. Ansty, 

Mr CGJL Collis 
and Miss J.M. Morrison 
The engagement is announced 
between Charles, third son of 

between Muir Hunter, of 
Barnes, London, and Gillian 
Petrie (formerly Mountain), of 
Mr D. Sinclair 
and Miss A. Kennedy 
The marriage will take place 
quietly, in London, on Thurs- 
day. May 29, between David 
Sinclair and Amber Kennedy. 


Mr ILF. f anning ham 
and Miss SJ. Quigley 
The marriage took place c 



Daylight bombing raid over Amsterdam 

Group Captain Leonard 
Trent, VC, DFC, who has died 
at his home in New Zealand, 
at the age of 71. won his 
Victoria Cross for unflinching 
courage during a daylight 
attack on an Amsterdam pow- 
er station in 1943. 

Leonard Henry Trent was 
born on April 14, 191S, at 
Nelson, New Zealand, and 
educated at Nelson College. 
He entered the Royal Air 
Force on a short service 
commission in August, 1935. 

He arrived in England in 
1938 and joined the RAF, 
transferring to the Royal New 
Zealand Air Force as a squad- 
ron leader in June, 1944. 

It was on May 3, 1943, that 
Trent, serving with 487 
Squadron, RAF, was detailed 
to lead a formation of eleven 
Ventura aircraft in a daylight 
attack on a power station at 
Amsterdam. The operation 
was intended to encourage the 
Dutch workmen in their resis- 
tance to enemy pressure. 

The target was known to be 
heavily defended but its im- 
portance was such that the 
orders were forthe attack to be 
pressed home at all costs, 
regardless of enemy fighters or 
anti-aircraft fire. The cost was 
certainly high. 

Before taking off, Trent told 
the deputy leader that he was 
going over the target, whatev- 
er happened. 

All went well until the 
Venturas and their fighter 
escorts were nearing the 
Dutch coast when one bomber 
was hit and had to turn back. 
Large numbers of enemy fight- 
ers then suddenly appeared 
and hotly engaged the escort- 
ing fighters who then lost 
touch with the bombing force. 

The Venturas dosed up for 
mutual protection and began 
their run on the target- How- 
ever, the fighters detailed to 
support them over the target 
had reached the area too early 
and had been recalled. 

The bombers were then 
attacked by 15 to 20 Messer- 
sch mitts. Within minutes, six 
Venturas were destroyed, but 
Trent continued on his course 
with the three remaining 

Shortiy afterwards, two 
more Venturas went down in 
flames. Heedless of the 
murdurous attacks and of the 
heavy anti-aircraft fire which 
was now encountered, Trent 
pressed on to complete an 
accurate bombing run, even 
managing to shoot down one 
of the German fighters. 

Dropping his bombs in the 
target area, he turned away. 

But the aircraft was hit. went 
into a spin, and broke up 
Trent and his navigator were 
thrown dear and became pris- 
oners of wan die other lWfl 
crew members perished. 

Treni had shown ouuaand. 
ing leadership on this his 24th 
sortie. Such was the trusj 
placed in him that the o th e r 
pilots followed him unwaver- 
ingly. His cool, unflinching, 
courage and devotion to daiv* 
in the face of overwhelmim 
odds rank with, the finest 
examples of these virtues. 

He spent two years in Stal» 
Luft III and was later among 
the men who dug an escape 
tunnel only to be captured at 
the exit In July. 1940. he had 
been awarded the Distin. 
guished Flying Cross. 

Trent transferred back to 
the RAF in 1947 on a perma- 
nent commission and from 
1948 to 1959 was attached l 0 
Training HQ No 3 Grotm 

He commanded RAF 
Wittering from 1959 to 1962 
and was then posted to ih# 
British defence staff in Wash- 
ington as an assistant air 
attache, where be remained 
until his retirement from the 
RAF in 1965. 

During this time he was also 
Senior .Air Staff Officer, Chief 
Intelligence Officer (RAF), 
and ao ADC to the Queen. 

Trent returned to bis native 
New Zealand. There, he had 
the shell of a new house built 
for him and. with his own 
hands, turned it into an 
impressive home, creating a 
ganfen to equal its splendour. 
He was also a talented painter 
and an accomplished golfer. 

He married, in 1940, Ursula’® 
Woo [house and they had one 
son and two daughters. 


Lyudmila Pakhomova, who 
with her husband dominated 
ice dancing in the 1970s 
winning six world champion- 
ships for the Soviet Union, 
has died in Moscow, aged 39. 

She and Aleksandr 
Gorshkov also won the first 
Olympic gold medal awarded 
for ice dancing - at Innsbruck 
in 1976 - and were champions 
of Europe six times. 

After their Olympics suc- 
cess, they retired but remained 
in the sport as trainers, 
Pakhomova, in particular, 
making a big impact with her 
innovative and creative ideas. 

Their capture of the Europe- 
an title at the championships 
held in Leningrad in 1970 was 
the beginning of a long period 
of Soviet mastery of this 
branch of ice skating, inter- 
rupted only try the emergence 

of Jayne Torvill and Christo- 
pher Dean. 

But the Britons' switch to 
the professional field in 1984 
left the way clear for a new 
wave of Soviet dancers led by 
the current world champions, 
Natalya Besiemianova and 
Andrei Bukin. 

The Soviet style, as intro- 
duced by Pakhomova and 
Gorshkov, was innovatory in 
that the accent was on the 
woman, with the man as foiL 
This was in contrast to the 
hitherto popular English style, 
as typified by tbeir British 
world champion predecessors, 
Diane Towler and Bernard 
Ford, where the masterly Ford 
led. Successive Soviet dance 
couples have profitably con- 
tinued the Gorshkovs' fashion 
of highlighting the woman's 

Pakhomova's electrifying 
ice presence captured the 
hearts of the public and the 
verdicts of the judges. The 
version of the tango which 
helped win them their Inns- 
bruck gold medal was 
honoured by its elevation to 
that of a compulsory dance for 
later competitions with the 
title of Tango Romaniica. 

After retiring at the age of 
30. Pakhomova concentrated 
on coaching and was groom- 
ing to world championship*) 
level Natalya Annenko and 
Genrikh Sretensky. 

They were placed fifth auhe 
Geneva world championships 
in March but the absence of 
Pakhomova was noted and 
raised fears that the leukaemia 
which had temporarily re- 
moved her from the ice world 
had returned. 


Mr and Mrs Charles Collis, of Friday, May 16, at 
Bermuda, and Jane, daughter of Etheldreda's, Ely Place, Lon- 
ihe late Mr J. Murray Morrison don. EC1, of Mr Richard 
and Mrs Doreen Morrison- Cunningham and Miss Sheila 
Abbey, of Toronto, Canada Quigley. 

Shek’s team 
wins bridge 
Crockford cup 

The English Bridge Union's 
championship for Crockford’s 
cup was won at the weekend 
by Mr David Shek’s team with 
a score of 99 points. The 
holders. Mr Graham T 
Kirby's team of internation- 
als. finished a remarkably 
consistent third (A Bridge 
Correspondent writes). 

The event started in Octo- 
ber with eight area qualiiying 
teams, followed by four 
knock-out rounds and an eight 
team final at the Grand Hotel, 


Tram 1: D Slick- Mr and Mr? S 
FttrtpoDi. a Catocnvood. R S Brack. J 
postage - scored 99. 

'nun 2: C J Slmpfon. R A Prtdajr. R 
Samown. G O J oooke. G N BrcskaL 
D. Edwin - scored 94. 

Team 3: G T Kirby. J M Armstrong. 
Hon on. A P SowieiVS J Lodge. 
— - scared B7. 

Latest wills 

Sir Geoffrey Miles Clifford, of 
Trinity Close. Tunbridge Wells. 
Kent, Governor and Com- 
mander-) n-Chief of the Folk- 
lands 1946-54. left estate valued 
at £40,142 ncL 

Mrs Margaret Evelyn Fitz- 
herbert. of Tiverton, Devon, 
daughter of Evelyn Waugh, the 
novelist, left £244,058 neu 
Professor Jocelyn Mary Cath- 
erine Toynbee, of Park Town, 
Oxford, Laurence Professor 
E men in of classical archaeology 
Cambridge University, left 
£107,999 net. 

Mr Peter Ewen Solon, of 
AddJestone. Surrey, the actor 
who played the role of Lucas, 
the assistant to Inspector 
Maigm. left £139,041 neL 
Mrs Margaret Christie Blythe, 
of Kew Gardens. London, left 
£206.415 net. After bequests of 
£5.000 and some effects to 
personal legatees she left the 
residue equally between the 
Royal National Lifeboat Institu- 
tion and the Lord Mayor 
Trdoar TrusL 

Major William Gregory 
BlanAond, of Lower Heppingion. 
Si rcet 'End. Canterbury, a mili- 
tary historian, left £50.509 neL 
Mr Derek Bryant, of Galley- 
wood. Essex, left £3.583.253 net 
Mr Herbert Cox. of Wimbot- 
sham, Norfolk, left £1.865,989 

Birthdays today 

General Sir Hugh Beach, 63:, 
Dr Sir "Gifford Butler, 64; Mr 
H. T. Cadbury-Brown, 73; Sir 
Harry Campion, 81; the Rev 
Professor Owen Chadwick, 
OM, 70; Professor Richard 
Cobb. 69: Flight Lieutenant J. 
A. Cruickshank, VC, 66; Mr 
Lynn Davies, 44; Sir Moses 
Finley, 74; Mr Keith Fletcher, 
42: Surgeon Vice-Admiral Sir 
John Harrison, 65; the Earf of 
Iveagh. 49; the Very Rev 
Professor John McIntyre, 70; 
Mr Peter Shore, MP, 62; Sir 
William Simpson, 66; Mr 
James Stewart 78. 

University news 


President Cossiga of Italy has 
been appointed an honorary 
fellow of Oriel College. 
Professor Roy Weir of the 
department of community 
medicine will be senior vice- 
principal from October 1 in 
succession to Professor James 
Laidlaw of the French 

Professor Philip Love, professor 
of conveyancing and pro- 
fessional practice, will become a 
vice-principal. October I. 


O' mtta DevekJiiineiil AdmuilUf J- 
yon: £164.827 to Profcwwr Hugh 
Miller. lorestry. for bamboo res ra re b 
in Che mmvMSltni Himalayan re- 
■don Scottish Home and Hearth 
Department £66.000 to Pr Qfewor 
Roy weir, community mMidffi. for 
medicines evaluation and monitoring 
group. WeOcome Treat £60.627 to Dr 
Al taler O Macdonald, physiology, to 
dy tw effect at rtlgn pressure on 

.-racuons of glutamate receptor 

channel eompteye* wllh JOTlW and 
lubocurartiw and on (M Inltuane* of 
nitrous oxide. 


B M Diaz- May 1 . Dr M J Taylor. 
November 18 icompuler science). 

HeSwri*" c^Swnall. April I (Inorganic, 
physical and Industrial cneRrtsmrK R 
w c werrway. April 1 (jieotowtcaj 
science*!: R H Crompton. September 
l . J A oaitogher. /my t.O A Lowe. 
September I lanaiomyir Rufti M 
- jse». February 1 louuui^onm- 
_ b heal dir. Jane L HUtlon. October 
I i community health . rtaUauc* and 
cwnputaDonaT nuuimtoUcs). B S F 
Hutewtci. March l idlntcaL'/orensic 
pomotogyc J whttaiun. October 1 
i rule destonr Mrs WaKraud H M 
Small September 1 i primary educa- 
tion). R m uf n, January i (community 
reUilon* training 

sociology continuing education). 


Mr Peter Reed has been ap- 
pointed a personal professor in 
ihe department of architecture 
and building science. 

Mr Gordon M Benson has been 
appointed to the chair of 
architecture on a pan time basis 

Professor David Hugh 
Richards, who has died, aged 
55, was a scientist with an 
international reputation for 
his work on polymer chemis- 

Educated at Bishop Gore 
Grammar School Swansea, 
and University College, Swan- 
sea, he obtained his BSc in 
1951, PhD in 1954, and DSc 
in 1973, and was a chartered 
chemist and a fellow of the 
Royal Society of Chemistry. 

His first appointment was 
with the British Thomson- 
Houston Company at Rugby, 
as a research chemist where 
he in vestigated radiochemical 
reactions. But his interest in 
polymer chemistry was 
aroused when he studied “liv- 
ing polymers” under Professor 
M. Szwarcat the State Univer- 
sity of New York. This was the 
beginning of a productive 
career during which be wrote 
more than 100 papers. 

In 1959, Professor Richards 
joined the Explosives Re- 
search and Development Es- 
tablishment (now the Royal 
Armament Research and De- 

velopment Establishment) at 
Waltham Abbey, and, for four 
years, investigated complex 
ions in solution in hydrogen 
peroxide, advancing scientific 
knowledge of solution chemis- 
try, a topic which was closely 
linked to the research on his 
PhD thesis. 

Thereafter he devoted his 
wot* to techniques for the 
synthesis of novel block co- 
polymers, resulting in macro- 
molecules, which have 
structural precision. 

Routes were established 
which, for the first time, 
interconnected polymeriza- 
tion mechanisms, allowing ac- 
cessibility to a new range of 
polymers with application not 
only in defence systems, but 
also in molecular electronics, 
surgical implantation, and 
controlled ding release. 

His work was recognized by 
the Ministry of Defence when 
he was promoted in 1971 to 
individual merit senior princi- 
pal scientific officer. 

Richards’ international rep- 
utation was earned by his 

publications and his active 
involvement in scientific soci- 
eties and the universities. He 
was chairman of the Pure and 
Applied Macro-molecular 
Chemistry Group of the Royal 
Society of Chemistry and the 
Society of Chemical Industry, 
a founder-member of the Eu- £» 
ropean Polymer Federation, 
visiting professor at the Uni- 
versity of Lancaster and exter- 
nal examiner at the 
universities of Aston. 
Queen's, Belfast, and Montpe- 
lier. France. 

As a fine and gifted lecturer, 
he had the ability to commu- 
nicate with audiences at aD 
levels, and was frequently 
invited to speak at annual 
congress meetings in Europe, 
the United States, and Austra- 

The Royal Society of Chem- 
istry honoured Richards in 
1979 with the Courtaulds 
Medal for his distinguisbed 
research on macro-molecules r 
and polymers. J 

He is survived by his wife 
and two daughters. 


Mr Michael Seth-Srarth, the at a time when the idea was 

growing in Britain. 

race-course commentator and 
racing journalist, has died at 
the age of 57. 

A chartered accountant by 
profession, on the advice of 
friends to whom he gave 
running commentaries in the 
private boxes of Ascot, he 
successfully auditioned for a 
BBC Radio voice trial, work- 
ing under the pseudonym of 
David Black. ' 

He then went to Australia as 
private secretary to the Gover- 
nor of Western Australia from 
where he sem back recordings 
of race-course commentaries 

On his return in 1953, Seth- 
Smith signed up as one of the 
first official commentators, 
and to race-goers his voice 
became synonymous with the 

He was an accomplished 
and experienced racing histo- 
rian and had published a 
number of well-researched 
and unpretentious books, 
among them Bred for the 
Purple (1969), a book on 
racehorses owned by the royal 
family through the ages, and 

biographies on jockey Steve 
Donogbue and Sir Gordon 

The History of 
Steep/echasing, written in col- 
laboration and published in 
1966 to commemorate the 
centenary of the National 
Hunt Committee, is a book 
written by enthusiasts for 

Seih-Smith was also an 
experienced journalist on turf . 
matters. He edited European ~ 
Racehorse and was racing 
correspondent for Country 
Life . 


HM Gorenunent 
Mrs Lynda Chalker, Minister of 
Suite for Foreign and Common- 
wealth Affaire, was host at a 
luncheon held yesterday at Lan- 
caster House in honour of Mr 
George Birmingham, Minister 
of State of the Department of 
Foreign Affairs of the Republic 
of Ireland. 


English-Spenidng Union 
Mrs Charles H. Price. II. Presi- 
dent of the English-Speaking 
Union Music Council, and Mrs 
Edward Norman-Butier. chair- 
man. received the guests at a 
reception held yesterday at 
Winfield House when the 1986 
ESU Music Scholars were 

Lord Sninfen 

Lord Swinfen held a reception 
for John Grooms Association 
for the disabled in the House of 
Lords yesterday to mark its 
1 20th annmversary this year. 


Lord High Commissioner 
The Lord High Commissioner 
to tne Genera] Assembly of the 
Church of Scotland and the 
Viscountess of Arbuthnott 
entertained at dinner last night 
at the Palace of Hofyroodhouse. 
Tne guests included: 

Finland and Mrs 
Ptoto ww. Juivb Marc±uanaaa «f Abrr- 
Jrt ^ !L. TnMIr. (hr Earl and 

guitertoo. Sir Donato and Lodv 

Chairman of the Council of the 
Foundation for Science and 
Technology, was in the chair last 
night at a lecture by Mr Bryan 
Nicholson and Dr Peter Josl on 
“The Technology Road to Full 
Employment". A dinner was 
held afterwards at the house of 
the Royal Society. The lecture 
was sponsored by British 
Telecom. B1CC pic, Unilever 
Research pic and Westport En- 
ergy Corporation Texas. Among 
the guests were: 

Betorr. Lord Greasoa. 

d Mestoy. the Earl a*. 
Basil Feldman. Sir 
fig. MP. Sir David 

• Sheet MP..Slr 

_ vniers. Mr R 
■k. Dr R J Haas. 
W G T Jones 

Constructors’ Company 
Sir Robin Gillen, Lord Mayor 
locum tenens . and Mr Sheriff J. 

Neaiy, accompanied by their 
ladies, attended the Master’s of 
the Constructors’ Company din- 
last night at Guildhall. 

Mr Ronald Taylor, Master 
presided and the principal 
speakers were Sir Robin GilletL 
Mr John Pryke. Senior Warden 
and Lieutenant-Colonel T. a.’ 

Donnelly, Master of the Tallow 
Chandlers 1 Company. 

Foundation Tor Science and 

recan®i®g» - _ 

Lo* Lloyd of Kite™, QC- 

Alan _ 

it Mr R » 


Royal Overseas League - 

His Honour Bernard Giliis, QC, 
was the guest speaker at. a 
meeting of the Discussion Circle 
Royal Overaeas League 
held yesterday evening at Over* 


ft ft -ft fr ft ft. - SL 






As a medium, television is 
multifarious and dynamic; as a 
topic Tor hs own consideration, 
it tends to be uniformly inert. 
{ 'The problem lies in regarding 
“Television" as a cultural 
monolith to rank with other 
'such unscalable mirages as 
“the novel**. The simple fact 
; that individual viewers enjoy 
individual programmes and 
disenjoy others renders most 
! would-be-comprehensive dis- 
■ cussiun nugatory. 

Channel 4's new series Open 
the Box shows early signs of 
scratching the mould, if not 
actually breaking it. The intro- 
ductory sequence of video 
vamping was echoed in the 
collage-like assemblage of the 
programme itself, which (per- 
, haps inadvertently) seemed to 
, mimic the channel-hopping in 
' which we indulge when noth- 
ing in particular tabes our 
fancy for very long. 

- The most directly informa- 
tive sequence of last night's 
opener. Part of the Furniture, 
was the testimony of CEGB 

- officials charged with regulat- 
ing the power supply at the 
dose of popular programmes; 
the least engaging concerned 
an experiment in which 20 
households suffered the intru- 
sion of a device which filmed 

' them whenever they switched 
on; subsequently, they were 
filmed watching themselves 

- watching television. 

The results, though inconse- 
quential, provided rich pick- 
ings for the professional media 
observers, and also for those 
who enjoy observing these 
observers. The experimental 
psychologist Dr Peter Collet 
claimed, risibly enough, that 
his work was “refuting re- 
ceived wisdoms" about every- 
day viewing, and continued, 
with no discernible hint of self- 
parody, “There are instances 
of using it as wallpaper". Well 
' yes. millions of “instances" 
even night 

Few would dispute the prop- 
osition that in most families 
the television set stands as a 
surrogate for something else, 
' though perhaps less for the 
“• flickering coal-fire suggested 
here than for the ideal granny 
whose variable prattle can 
instantly be cut by means of 
' what one “media consultant” 
chose to call “a medieval 
symbol of authority” — other- 
wise known as the auto- 

The same earnest thinker 
later made the definitive state- 
ment that “it is in the vimving 
of television that meaning is 
made“. Not haring a clue what 
this itself might mean, one 
could only reach for the medi- 
eval symbol at one's side and 
stand by for better things. 

Martin Cropper 

Cannes Film Festival: David Robinson assesses the prize-winners 

Goldcrest strikes gold for Britain 

The current international status of 
British cinema was handsomely con- 
firmed by the awards of the Cannes 
jury, announced at the gala closing 
ceremony last night- Roland Joffe's 
The Mission won the Golden Palm, 
one of the world's most valued 
awards, as well as a special prize to 
the director from the French Com- 
mission on Technical Aspects of 
Cinema: while Bob Hoskins shared' 
the Best Actor prize for his role as an 
ex-con who becomes minder-driver 
to a classy prostitute in Neil Jordan's 
Mona Lisa. 

The prizes for The Mission can 
only enhance the apparently very 
healthy commercial prospects of this 
spectacular production — which will 
be reassuring to its producers, 
Goldcrest, after the disastrous finan- 
cial performance of their earlier big- 
budget historical epic. Revolution. 

The jury evidently reached its 
decision only afiera very hard debate, 
with a strong minority fighting for 
Andrei Tarkovsky's The Sacrifice, 
which received the Special Grand 
Prix of the Jury. Tarkovsky's film, 
which had generally a much more 
favourable critical reaction than the 
British entry, also received the Inter- 
national Critics' prize “for the mas- 
tery and the nobility of his message" 
and the prize of the Ecumenical Jury 
which called it "a poetic vision of a 
threatened world where man seeks 
spirituality to survive". 

Additionally the film's cinematog- 
rapher Sven Nykvist won the award 
for Best Artistic Contribution. 
Nykvist, best known for his work 
with Ingmar Bergman, described in 
Cannes his experience in shooting the 
unforgettable final scene of the film, 
the burning of a wooden house. The 
entire sequence had to be filmed with 
a single camera in the ten minutes it 
look for the building to be consumed. 
On the first take, the camera jammed; 
and the set had to be rebuilL 

Three major Soviet directors were 
in competition, but only one of their 
films was made in the USSR. Both 
Andrei Konchalovsky (Runaway 
Train 1 and Tarkovsky have publicly 
declared the difficulty (in Tark- 
ovsky's case, impossibility) of work- 
ing at home. The Soviet entry proper 
was Sergei Bondarchuk's Boris Godu- 
nov (not the opera). A bastion of the 
establishment, Bondarchuk gained 
notoriety at Cannes three years ago 
when, as a member of the jury, he 
ferociously opposed an award for 
Tarkovsky's Nostalgia. 

This year's competition brought 
the two men once again into direct 
confrontation: but, while Tarkovsky 
showed a work of genius. Boris 
Godunov had audiences fleeing for 
the exits. Bondarchuk deploys all the 
massive resources of the Soviet 
cinema — great sets, crowds, cos- 
tumes. meticulous antiquarian recon- 
struction - to create a monument of 
deathly tedium. 

There was at least no lack oflife or 
wit in the Australian entry. Bruce 
Bercsford's Fringe Dwellers; but it 
was finally too hastily and casually 
pm together to make the impact the 
subject merited. Beresford describes 
the life of an aboriginal family living 

Tbe poetic vision of Tarkovsky's The Sacrifice: beaten for the Golden Palm only after a battle among the jury 


GOLDEN PALM: The Mission (Britain, director Roland Jofie) 
(Sweden, Andrei Tarkovsky) 

SPECIAL JURY PRIZE: Ther&se (France, Alain Cavalier) 

BEST ACTOR: Bob Hoskins ( Mona Lisa, Britain) and Michel 
Blanc ( Tenue de soiree, France) 

BEST ACTRESS: Barbara Sukowa (Rosa Luxembourg , West 
Germany) and Fernanda Torres (Speak to Me of Love , Brazil) 
BEST DIRECTOR: Martin Scorsese (After Hours, USA) 

(cinematographer. The Sacrifice) 


in a shanty community on the city's 
edge. To the credit of the film, it 
maintains an attitude that never 
patronizes by idealizing the charac- 
ters or underplaying the comedy of 
incompatibility which inhibits their 
efforts to integrate into white society. 

Another Australian film. Cactus, 
shown in the non-competitive 
“Directors’ Fortnight’’, belongs to the 
Dutch-bom Paul Cox's series of 
forlorn romances with small eventual 
triumphs. The story may sound 
unpromising: Isabelle Huppert, flee- 
ing to Australia from a shaky 
marriage in her native France, loses 
her eyesight after a car crash. As a 
result she meets and falls in love with 
a gentle man who has been blind since 
birth. Cox makes his story convincing 
and engaging, without ever falling 

into the maudlin, through his ability 
to reveal every nuance of feeling and 
his lively outsider's view of Austra- 
lian domestic life. 

Many, of the best films on show in 
Cannes have indicated a wide-scale 
reaction against broad action and 
public themes, in favour of intro- 
spective studies of private problems 
and relationships. From Japan, 
Yoshisfaige Yoshida's Promise (in the 
non-competitive series "Un Certain 
Regard”) takes a story that is even 
less promising than Cactus to make a 
film that is equally compelling and 

The subject is universal, but fairly 
universally ignored in an on account 
of its painful implications. An aged 
couple are shown sinking fast into 
senility; after someone unknown 

assists the old lady to her longed-for 
death, a police, investigation reveals 
the pain and pathos of her last days. 
Yoshida fearlessly exposes all the 
indignities of second childhood and 
incontinence, but shows that even in 
such extremities vestiges of human 
nobility survive. The playing of the 
old people is extraordinary in its 
convicion and dignity. 

An ostensibly lighter view of the 
problems of living was presented by 
The Decline of the American Empire 
by the Quebecois director Denys 
Arcand. Here relationships are multi- 
plied: four men preparing a party 
dinner, and four women limbering up 
for it in a gym, separately swap sexual 
reminiscences and opinions before 
they all get together for an explosive 
denouement The film is energized by 
consistent wit and wisdom, in script 
images and playing. 

The American master of depicting 
human relationships remains Woody 
Allen, and a major event in Cannes 
was foe hors concours screening of 
Hannah and Her Sisters. This is 
Allen’s Three Sisters - played by Mia 
Farrow, Barbara Hershey and Carrie 
Fisher. Their lives and foe lives of 
those around them (including Mi- 
chael Caine and Max von Sydow as 
husbands, Maureen O'Sullivan and 
Lloyd Nolan as their parents, and 
Allen himself as a chronic hypochon- 
driac) reveal the fragility of love, 
affection and partnerships. In foe end 
the musical chairs of human relation- 
ships somehow come right more or 
less. Allen in his way is a cautious 
optimist “The heart", he concludes, 
“is a very resilient muscle". 


Sense of timing 

Goldsmiths 9 
British Music 
Information Centre 

The' 'British Music Informa- 
tion Centre is a tiny venue 
with a big task. Some of the 
composers featured in its 
twice-weekly recital series will 
never rise from obscurity; 
some may conquer foe world; 
but all need such chances to 
bear how their music actually 

The enterprising Gold- 
smiths' String. Quartet played 
four works here, none origi- 
nating before 1972 though one 
is already an established clas- 
sic. Thai is Britten's Third 
Quartet, which does not yet lie 
entirely comfortably under 
these players' bows, though 
they played with spirit 

Pride of place among foe 
rest, if only because of its 
rigorously precise title, must 
go to Seventeen One-Minute 
Pieces for String Quartet by 
Christopher Hobbs, clearly a 
man with a highly developed 
sense of timimg, at least 

I cannot say that L counted 
them all out and counted them 
all back in again, but this 
pastiche collection of rags, 
cakewalks and such-like. 

flecked with tbe mildest of 
avant-gardisms, did consis- 
tently bold foe attention. 

Written as background mu- 
sic for a San Francisco wed- 
ding, it nevertheless had an 
ingeniously mathematical 
construction: every possible 
permutation of trio, solo ana 
duo combination is employed 
in a sparse, resourceful man- 
ner, even if foe droll trios 
sometimes sounded like blue- 
prints for Jackdnory - theme 

Michael Parsons's enjoy- 
able Highland Variations de- 
rives its theme — replete with 
modal inflexions, “Scotch 
snaps" and drones — from 
traditional piobaireachd mu- 
sic, while its eight variations 
bear foe characteristics of 
early minimalism: resolutely 
non-mod uiatory, hypnotically 

repetitive, relying for variety 
on foe changing density of 
overlapping themes. But even 
foe “unsynchronized phasing” 
of, say, Steve Reich is barely 
evident here. This is truly 
mini mal minim alism. * 

Lastly. Movement for 
String Quartet by Richard 
Dinnadge: lots of scurrying 
upper-string lines punctuated 
by striding cello pjzzicatos or 
violent “shock” chords. It was 
pithy and passionate, if rather 
oppressive in a small room. 

Richard Morrison 

London debuts 

Of the members of the Bur- 
lington Plano Trio foe cellist 
Jonathan Williams came over 
as tbe dominant personality, 
though it was Richard Mark- 
ham at foe piano who was 
frequently too loud. This was 
especially evident in a disap- 
pointingly superficial reading 
of Haydn's E minor Trio, 
Hob.XV:12, where the latter 
seemed rhythmically bound 
by foe 'bar-lines. The group 
came into its own with the 
Ravel Trio, where Markham 
sounded a different pianist, 
and one was willingly lured 
into a world where aural 
beauty became something in- 
toxicating rather than spiri- 
tually satisfying. 

Profane delights were cast 
aside in the Brahams C major 
Trio which, although sound- 
ing more like Faure in foe 
Andante, confirmed my over- 
all impression of a highly 
professional group with cul- 
tured taste. . 

The Matisse Piano Quartet 
consists of former students of 
tbe Royal Northern College, 
and they can. be proud of 
giving an evening of superbly 
enjoyable chamber music. 
The approach is wholly unpre- 
tentious. I greatly welcome 
their concentration on fluency 
rather than absolute technical 
finesse. The pianist John 
Gough at once found a relaxed 
balance in Marti mi’s First 

Piano Quartet that was ideally 
suited to the eclectically ro- 
mantic idiom. The Phantasy 
by Frank Bridge conjured up 
all those idyllic images that are 
so very English; but it was foe 
Dvorak Quartet in E flat that 
was the real lour deforce. 

Whether it was the breadth 
in foe climaxes of foe first 
movement or foe elegant lilt 
of tbe Allegro moderate, the 
Matisse proved themselves to 
be considerably more sensi- 
tive than many of tbe best- 
known ensembles. 

The Baroque Consort of 
Singers launched into a pro- 
gramme of predominantly 
17th-century polyphonic mu- 
sic with a hesitant care that 
tended ti> act against foe 
effective projection of the 
meaning of foe various madri- 
gals an<f arias. Vocally the five 
singers are of uneven quality 
and hence madrigals were 
rather more pleasureablethan 
solos. Monteverdi’s “Io mi 
son giovinetta” in a lightly 
amorous vein was propelled 
with a nicely taut rhythm and 
an ability to highlight foe parts 
in a fluent manner. Though 
not unduly restricted by stylis- 
tic concerns, I feel that a more 
wholehearted way with foe 
music would not come amiss. 

James Metfauea- 

f “• 


V - ; 
s j- 

i j: 


The photographer 
crucial to life’s 
unending drama 

Cecil Beaton 


Records with titles like Songs 
Ym Nrow ana Love or Scr.u- 
hert the Her low Like Him 
always seem faintly insulting, 
impl'ving as they do a totally 
predictable audience that can- 
not appreciate anything it is 
not already familiar with. 
Nevertheless, there are areas 
in the arts where unexpected- 
ness is a real hazard. The show 
of Cecil Beaton's war photo- 
graphs at the Imperial War 
Museum a few years ago was 
admirable but got very few 
visitors, since confirmed 
Bcaion-lovers would be un- 
likely to feel at home in that 
particular museum, or much 
like what they found there, 
while people who had a special 
interest in war photographers 
would probably regard Beaton 
as very frivolous and periph- 
eral. No such problem should 
bedevil the big retrospective 
Cecii Bexion at the Barbican 
Art Gallery until July 20: this, 
undoubtedly, is the Beaton 
vou know and love, and 
almost certainly Beaton the 
way you like him. 

If you like him at all. that is. 
There are many who just find 
themselves allergic to his par- 
ticular talents and their vari- 
ous forms of exercise. There is 
no doubt that Beaton was a 
snob and a social climber — he 
said so himself, and accepted 
the characterization with 
equanimity, if not with pride. 
He came from a solid middle- 
class background, but always 
saw himself as a member of 
that aristocracy he so loved 
and celebrated. Like Noel 
Coward, one is tempted to say 
— except that Coward really 
created an image, through his 
writing and, even more, 
through his performance, and 
then persuaded the upper 
classes to live up to his fantasy 
of them. 

Beaton was more parasitic, 
recording the upper classes in 
loving detail with his camera 
and in thousands of pages of 
diary, memoir and occasional 
journalism. He was dazzled by- 
social elevation and by star 
quality, and most of his" work 
is a hymn to their charms. A 
case can be made out for a 
subversive tone here and 
there, as though Beaton would 
sometimes slyly bite the hand 

he appeared to fawn on. but 
the evidence is shaky at best. 

On the other hand, though 
the attitudes are not now 
fashionable, there seems no 
reason why, if sincere (and no 
one e\er doubted that Beaton 
was thatj, they should not find 
artistic expression. Though 
part of the Beaton persona was 
that of a negligent amateur, 
and some of his well-known 
early photographs are ama- 
teurish in every sense, the 
sheer body of work included 
indicates unmistakably that 



Box Office &■ ■ 
Credit Cards - * 

Standby: any outsold 
scats at tow prices from 
2 hours before • 




Olivier. Tonight at 7.15, tomor at 2.00 
& 7.15. Then May 27, 28, 29. 

Beaton's beloved social whirl in Charles James’s Dresses (3948) 

he was a tough and deter- 
mined professional in almost 
everything he did. And. even 
more than the snob, he was a 
man of the theatre. Often 
literally — he was constantly 
designing for theatrical pro- 
ductions and films (My Fair 
Lady on stage and screen is 
probably the best-remem- 
bered example), recording 
show-business stars of all 
sorts, and even having a stab 
at playwriting and at acting 
(on Broadway, no less). But 
the theatrical image in his 
work far transcends foe literal 
actuality. Phrases like “foe 
theatre ‘ of life" and even 
“theatre of war" take on a new 
significance at the Barbican. 

Beaton's war photographs, 
which are well represented 
along with the rest, have 
always a theatrical eye for foe 
telling detail (consider, for 
example, the slightly ghoulish 
picture of a wrecked hair- 
dresser's window, wifo an 
impassive dummy's head sev- 
ered in so lifelike a fashion 
that you have to look twice to 
make sure . . . ) and a feeling 
for foe surrealistic dislocation 
of war. documents they may 
be. documentary in any nor- 
mal sense they are not Life, in 
war and in peace, is a drama 
with Beaton at its centre. 

IS- Tuotsj 

It is not just an eccentricity 
of selection that there are so 
many self-portraits, worked in 
even when he is photograph- 

ing Picasso or foe Queen on 
Coronation Day. And he 
seems to love foe stars mainly 
because he feels that he is one 
of them, privileged to meet 
them on equal terms, and 
even court the divine Garbo. 
He loves foe world of fashion, 
and is a consistently admira- 
ble fashion photographer, for 
just foe same reason: because 
he takes it seriously as part of 
life. It is as real as anything 
else in his world of tinsel and 

The arrangement of the 
show very properly takes all 
this into account Using mo- 
tifs from Beaton’s own work, 
it scatters the Barbican's space 
with mouldering obelisks and 
festoons of flowers, and treats 
foe interior of each area in a 
different way, stencilling leafy 
branches for royalty or polka- 
dols. white on grey, for the 
pre-war chic It is almost over 
foe top. but not quite. The 
photographs, drawings, cos- 
tumes and such are never 
actually overwhelmed, but 
seem located in their true 
theatrical element. 

One can probably pay Da- 
vid Bentheim, the show's 
designer, no higher compli- 
ment than to say that its picky 
and perfectionist . subject 
would surely have approved. 

John Russell 

Glasgow Mayfest 

Mirthful in masks 

One of the many groups to 
swell the expanded communi- 
ty programme at this year’s 
Mayfest, Trestle Theatre 
Company brought their latest 
touring production to several 
outlying areas of Glasgow. 
Trestle build on foe age-old 
traditions of mask work and 
violent comedy. Wearing huge 
facial masks (think of a more 
benign Spitting Image without 
foe warts and whiskers) fixed 
into what appear at first to be 
restricting expressions, they 
create comedy through perfect 
timing and beautifully de- 
tailed observation of foe mi- 
nutiae of everyday life. 

In A Slight Hitch, directed 
by John Wright, the backdrop 
for their exploration of the 
vagaries and absurdities of 
human behaviour is a wed- 
ding, whose progress they 
follow from foe agonized wait 
outside the church to an Ul- 
advised honeymoon in Spain. 
Tbe wedding morning at the 
bride's house builds up a 
wonderfully accurate picture 
of the daily antagonism that 
goes on in families: foe aggres- 
sive use of foe Hoover, the 
struggle for supremacy over 
the radio, the petty niggling 
over free cereal gifts. Between 
the four of them (Joff Chafer, 
Sally Cook. Alan Riley and 
Tony Wilsher) they establish 
an array of uncannily lifelike 
characters through movement 
alone - here, an irascible 
granny and obstreperous teen- 
ager run rings round a frazzled 
mother and weary father, in 
the midst of which foe bride 
sits in transfixed bliss. 

They are on less sure ground 
when they accompany the 
happy couple to a dodgy hotel 
in Spain where uninspired 
sub-Fawhy Towers farce takes 
over, but "return to form wifo 
foe setting in of post-wedding 
blues as foe bride’s parents 
embark on impressing the in- 

At the other end of Mayfest 
policy — the presentation of 
international popular theatre 
— the first two companies 
from abroad this year could 
scarcely have chosen more 
different programmes. 

From Sweden, Black Flow- 
ers {Tea ter Albatross, Third 
Eye Centre, run ended) at- 
tempts to express the inex- 
pressible. Written by Robert 
Jakobsson (performed in En- 
glish), it moves back and forth 

in foe development of foe 
Holocaust, alighting on and 
dramatizing facts that by their 
very bizarre and sinister na- 
ture capture something of foe 
nightmare (foe false station at 
Treblinka, for example). 

Jakobsson's strangely poetic 
and. surprisingly, often funny 
text contrasts with his frantic, 
.physical delivery of it, which 
suggests foe mania and sup- 
pressed hysteria of a world 
slipping out of register. He 
hurls himself into characters 
in extremis, from a Nazi 
pursuing “purity" with wild- 
eyed zeal, to a naive Jew 
resisting foe Resistance, to the 
desperate Bishop Preysing 
crouched at an immense type- 
writer to compose his plea for 
intervention from foe Pope. 
His vigour is complemented 
by foe modest performance of 
Nadia Scapoli, who reminds 
us of the fragility of those to be 

Folks, mes amours (Lo 
Tea t re de la Camera. Mitchell 
Theatre, run ended), from 
France, calls up an altogether 
different set of memories, 
offering an evening dedicated 
to the music-hall tradition. 

As an indefatigable lady 
lecturer attempts to instruct us 
in the history of Marseilles 
popular theatre, she is re pea t- 

Grease-paint and tawdry 
glamour: Folies, mes amours 

edly ousted by unruly ele- 
ments from its past. From a 
slightly seedy magician to a 
fleshy, melodramatic prima 
donna, they weave an atmo- 
sphere of grease-paint and 
tawdry glamour. Bordering on 
pantomime and circus, Julien 
Negulcsco's mellow produc- 
tion, though it leaves you 
hankering for more wit and 
bite, is a gently amusing 
testimony to music hall's ded- 
ication to showmanship. 

Sarah Hemming 

’* ! 
.i i 

•: % 1 


t » 

• I ? 
.1 » 






Cotourrd lithograph* Cl 50 - £300 

MATHAF gallery 

24.MMrtmb Straw 

London SWlX BJU TiJ:<H-23S 0010 
From Today Mon-Fri 9.30-5.30 

Loneliness b just one problem 

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i ; 



Three die 
in Pretoria 

Continued from page I 
am-Generat AJ. Liebenberg, 
at about 8.30am yesterday 
that “small elements of the 
Army" had attacked ANC 
targets in Zimbabwe and Bo- 
tswana. It was the second such 
raid on Botswana. 

Without specifying how the 
attacks had been carried out, 
ihe announcement said that 
the ANC’s "operational 
centre" in Harare had been 
hit, as well as a “terrorist 
transit facility" elsewhere in 
the city. 

In Botswana, another “ter- 
rorist transit facility" had 
been attacked at Mogaditsane. 
The Army statement claimed 
that it consisted of rooms 
rented by the ANC and used 
to house “trained terrorists" 
before they were infiltrated 
into South Africa. 

A later statement by the 
chief of the South African Air 
Force, Lieutenant-General 
DJ. Earp. said that jet fighters 
— it is presumed Mirages — 
had “successfully attacked" an 
ANC "operational centre' 
and “department of informa- 
tion and publicity" nine miles 
south-west of Lusaka. 

Zambian radio, quoting 
President ICaunda. said that 
two people had been killed in 
the attack, one a Zambian 
citizen and one a Namibian. It 
said that two planes and two 
vehicles were involved. 

An ANC spokesman in 
Lusaka. Mr Tom Sebina. said 
the organization's headquar- 
ters in the centre of the city- 
had not been attacked. He said 
the South Africans had hit a 
refugee camp run by the 
United Nations which con- 
tained no South Africans and 
no ANC members. 

In Gaborone, the Foreign 
Minister. Mrs G.K.T. Chiepe, 
told diplomats that between 
five and six helicopters had 
been used in the attack on a 
block of flats at Mogaditsane. 
close to the headquarters of 
Botswana's small Army. 

One person, a primary 
school teacher, was killed, and 
two other people were injured. 

All were Botswana citizens. 
The block of flats was owned 
by a Botswana citizen and 
there was no record of a South 
African refugee having stayed 
there since 1983. 




r.'.n.' «. v'V" «■ • 

Or-***, rTv-. i 

• ' .7 . ! 

gift saves vista of cathedral 

— — — 

By Alan Hamilton 
This is the view that lovers 
of Ely Cathedral will be able to 
enjoy for the forseeable future, 
thanks to a £500,000 gift from 
the John Paul Getty Jar 
Charitable Trust 
Had the beneficence of an oil 
fortune not been forthcoming, 
the Dean and Chapter of Ely 
would have been forced to 
proceed with the building of 49 
houses on the paddock in the 
foreground, in a desperate 
effort to raise money for 

restoration of the cathedral 

Mr Getty, son of the Ameri- 
can oil millionaire. Pan] Getty, 
was not available to explain 
his generosity yesterday. He is 
an exceedingly shy and retir- 
ing benefactor, and for many 
months has been a patient in 
the London Clinic receiving 
treatment for a protracted 

A spokesman for Mr Getty 
told The Times: “The decision 

to make the gift was 
by the trustees as a whole, of 
which he is only one. Never- 
theless he is delighted that the 
money will be of some use." 

Although the trust's last 
publicized donation was a gift 
to the National Gallery last 
year, it was constantly making 
small donations to good 
causes, the spokesman said. 

The trust's administrator is 
Sir Arthur Drew, a former 
senior Civil Servant and now a 

of die Historic Build- 
ings and Monuments Commis- 
sion, and its members are Mr 
Getty's solicitor and two of his 
personal friends, Mr Chris- 
topher Gibbs and Mr James 

First approaches to the trust 
were made by Mrs Mary 
Edwards, an American mar- 
ried to an Englishman, who is 
Ely branch coordinator for the 
Friends of the Earth. Sub- 
sequent negotiations were con- 
ducted by, among others. 

Canon Dennis Green, ti 
cathedral treasurer. 

The Getty gift guarantees 
the survival of the paddock for 
99 years, and thereby a trea- 
sured view of a cathedral 
whose situation on a hill 
makes H a beacon visible for 
many miles across the flat 
East Anglian prairie. The vista 
across the paddock is one 
much favoured In old prints. 

Photograph: John Voos 

move for 
talks with 

Continued from page 2 
the issue within the country 
and from its closest allies, and 
the Government's willingness 
to give a veto to the islanders 
in contrast to its attitude to 
Hong Kong. 

Labour should stress than 
“We are willing to discuss 
with a democratic country a$ 
issues which divide us, includ- 
ing aspects of the future of the 
islands and that an immediate 
restoration of diplomatic rela- 
tions is therefore needed; that 
we seek and obtain effective 
guarantees for the islanders’ 
ways of life in any negotia- 
tions; that the Faiklands war 
was fought not to maintain 

sovereignty over the islands 
but over the principle that 
aggression cannot pay; and 
that the status quo is not in itae 
long-term interests of the 

The report accepts that 
islander opinion appears to b* 
against an accommodation 
with Argentina and considers 
steps to educate public 

It suggests the possibility of 
a formal forum for consulta- 
tion with the islanders before 
the election in which Labour 
would explain the importance 
it attaches to guarantees for 
their way of life in any future 
settlement “and the economic 
necessity from their point of 
view of renewed relations with 
the mainland." 

The report raises, but does 
not reach a conclusion upon, 
the question of whether La- 
bour should discuss guaran- 
tees with Argentina before the*" 
e lection. 

Tories set to 
back all-day 
pub opening 

A pledge to allow public 
houses to open all day is 
expected to be included in the 
Conservative Party 's next gen- 
eral election manifesto. But 
they would still have to close 
no later than 11pm (Our 
Political Reporter writes). 

Mr Douglas Hurd, the 
Home Secretary, announced 
yesterday that the Govern- 
ment supported in principle,, 
the case for reform. 

Today’s events 

Royal engagements 

Princess Anne visits Corn- 
wall; as President The Missions 
to Seamen, she visits The Mis- 
sion to Seamen Gubs at Fowev. 
10.15, and Par. 10.45; she then 
visits the offices of English 
China Gays. St Austell. 1 1.30. 
where she attends a thanks- 
giving service to commemorate 
the I Qlh anniversary of the work 
of The Missions to Seamen in 
Cornwall. 12.30; later she visits 
the Town of Penryn to celebrate 
the 750th anniversary of the 
granting of the Royal Charter. 

The Duke of Gloucester visits 
RAF Odiham. Hampshire. 1 1. 

The Duchess of Gloucester. 
Pal ran. the National Associ- 
ation for Gifted Children. 

nls the prizes for the 
raveller of the Year award at 
lunch. The Savoy Hotel. WC2. 
1—15; and later attends a recep- 
tion at The Queen's Gub, to 
mark the club's centenary, 
Palliser Rd. WI4. 7. 

The Duchess of Kent visits St 
Luke's Nursing Home. Shef- 
field, 1 1.55; and later opens the 
new Morphy Richards factory. 
Mex boro ugh, 3. 1 5. 

Prince Michael of Kent opens 
a new car auction centre. 
Blackbushe Aerodrome, Hamp- 
shire. 12. 

Exhibitions in progress 

An on the Liners: work 
carried out in ships by F 
Coventry; Southampton An 
Gallery. Civic Centre; Tues to 
Fri IOlo5.Sa( 10 to 4, Sun 2io 5 
(ends June 29). 

Earth. Waves. Wind and Fire: 
Brighton Art Gallery and Mu- 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 17,050 


1 Object ‘e’s taken from back 
of grave (5). 

4 International strikc?(4.5). 

9 Puritan saints shown in a 
good light here (91. 

10 Cover girl goes to fantasy 
movie ... (5). 

11 ... having unfortunately seen 
all the grand opera (6.3.0). 

12 Showing negligence with re- 
gard to a young lady (6). 

14 Check those available to go 
round and visit (4-4). 

17 An apology for a dance (6- 

19 Open letters for detectives 
( 6 ). 

22 Do some nest-feathering - 
keep cool in nests that arc 
renovated (4.4.7). 

24 Cheer on doctor before op- 
eration (5). 

25 Scandinavian man put back 
in ’ampcr(9). 

26 Fools about outside church 
at set times (9). 

27 Take a wire, indeed! (5k 


] Perhaps Black Beau tv has 
Hidden talents (4.5k 

2 Greet (he dawn in speech 

3 Compensation that's uni- 
form? (7). 

4 To walk, climbing boot may 
have this (6). 

5 Do-or-die struggle below the 
South entrance (4-4). 

6 Wind and fog — what 
Australians take to heart (7 k 

7 Coast road (3.6J. 

8 Little house with a tenant 
rising to a larger establish- 
ment (5). 

13 Coat acts on him in a pe- 
culiar way (9). 

15 Misguided Spartan queen's 
tragic dog (3.6). 

16 Hazard surrounding a 
paper's measure (8). 

18 Stores up love in heart that's 

inclined... (7). 

20 ... to welcome a Conser- 
vative title (7). 

21 Add a very quiet coda (6). 

22 Battle in which »e got be- 
sieged by the French 15). 

23 Church official carries a 
flower (5). 

Solution to Puzzle No 17.049 

Concise crossword page 14 

seum. Church St; Tues to Sat 10 
to 5.45, Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 

Two Views from Dorset; 
photographs by ian Chapman 
and George Wright Dorset 
County Museum, Dorchester; 
Mon to Fri 10 to 5. Sat 10 to 1 , 2 
to 5 (ends June 28k 
Drawings, prims and sculp- 
ture by Peter Cathara; Library 
Gallery. Margate; Mon to Fri 
9.30 to 6, Sat 9.30 to 5 (ends 
May 24). 

Paintings by Lancelot 
Ribeiro: A retrospective; 
Leicestershire Museum and An 
Gallery. New Walk. Leicester; 
Mon to Thurs and Sat 10 to 
5.30. Sun 2 to 5.30 (ends June 

The Calendar Project; Art 
Gallery and Museum,- 
Kelvingrove, Glasgow; Mon to 
Sat 10 to 5. Sun 2 to 5 (ends June 


Piano recital by Ban jam in 
Frith; 12.45; Concert by the 
Lindsay Siring Quartet with 
Patrick Ireland (viola). 7.45; 
Crucible Studio. Sheffield. 

Organ recital by Clifford 
Harker. Bristol Cathedral. 1. 15. 

Concert by the Bland ford 
Choral Society: Bland ford Par- 
ish Church. Dorset. 7.30. 

Bath Georgian Festival: Re- 
cital by Theodore L'lrich tcelfo) 
and Julius Drake (piano); Pump 
Room. Bath. 7.30. 

Organ recital by Nicholas 
Kynaslon; Winchester College 
Chapel. 7.30. 

Talks, lectures 
The influence of personality 
In politics, by Mr Dick Taveme: 
The Royal Grammar School. 
High Si, Guildford. 8- 
South of the Raise, by Peter 
Rodgers: Lake District National 
Park Visitor Centre. Brockhole. 
Windermere. 3.30. 

Ocean dumping of radio- 
active waste: perceptions and 
reality in public policy formula- 
tion. by Prof F G T Holliday; St 
Mary's College. Elvei HiU Rd. 
Durham University, 8. 

TV top ten 

Ndtloml lop ton television prolamines in 
the week entfrig May 1 1 : 

BBC 1 

1 EastEnders (Thu/Sunl. 19.65m 

2 EastEnoars ri ue/Sunj, 19.6ttn 

3 Bread. 1305m 

4 Danas, 1135m 

5 "mat's Life, it. 10m 

6 Mews, Sport and Weather (Sat 

21:40), 1030m 

7 Antiques Roadshow. 10.50m 

6 Tomorrow's World. 10.40m 
9 Dynasty. 9.95m 

10 Urns Ducks. 9.85m 


1 Aut Wtadereenen Pet Central, 


2 Coronation Street (Wed). Granada, 

3 The Deep, TTV. 1305m 

4 Coronation Street (Man). Grenade, 

5 News at Ten (Wed). ITN. 11.70m 

6 Crossroads (Tue). Central. 11.40m 

7 Crossroads (Thu), Central. 11 Z5m 

8 Emmeraae Farm (Tue), Yorkshire, 

9 The European Cup Final, (TV. 

ID Emmerdaie Farm (Thuk Yorkshire. 

SBC 2 

1 wo»W Snooker Ftoal (Mon 1942k 

2 Wortd Snooker Final (Mon 14:10). 

3 Douote Trouble. 4.35m 

4 Top Gear. 4.35m 

5 My Brnbant Career. 4.16m 

6 Your uia m omr Hands. 4.05m 

7 MASH. 4.(H)m 

3 Grand Pro: Monaco (Sun 1421). 

9 The Natural World. 3.45m 
10 Gardeners' World. 3.45m 
Channel 4 

1 Brockade (Tua/Sei). 5.65m 

2 Brooks** (Mon/Sat). 4.80m 

3 Cheers. 390m 

4 AR*n HN. 3.80m 

5 Coumcown rruej. 3.05m 

6 Countdown (Thu). 3.00m 

7 J olscm Smgs Agam. 255m 

8 Ccuneown (Wed). 2.75m 

9 s> Elsewhere. iofim 
10 Bewitched. 255m 

Breakfast television; The average 
weekly figures (or audtences at p an 
rimes (wrth figures In parerahess 
showing me reach - the number of people 
who viewed for at Mast three routes): 
BBClr Breakfast fima- Mon to Fri 
1.5m (29m) 

TV-ant Good Uomng Broun Mon to Fn 
2.4m (11.2m) Sat 24m (6.1m) 


Br o adcasters' Audience Research Board. 


London nd South east A24Q: Road- 
worts on Ktogston Rd. Ewel. Holt 
traffic travettng between Epsom antf the 
A3 at Tohvonh. A1 New contraflow 
between Langley, Stevenage and me 
dock at W et wyn; serous congestion 
southbound over the next few months 
The Mkflanda: MS: Contraflow north- 
bound between Junction 4 (Btontoghant) 
and 5 (Dronvncfifc only two tanas open In 
each direction. Ml: Contraflow between 
15 (Northampton) and 16 
.. approach with caution. A3& 
closures at Burton-on-Tnent bypass 
causng delays. 

Wales and West: M4c Normal fane 
resmettons apply between jimctionSn and 
22 (Seram Bridge) with some dek 
paniciMarty on Saturdays between 9 
am and 330 pm,- avoid H posstrie. «fc 
Southbound lane restrictions between 
function 6 (MSA South Wales) and 9 
(Tewkesbury) until May 17; then 
contraflow with two tones in each (frac- 
tion: long deins expected. A3ft Tem- 
porary traffic figWe at Hayle, Cornwall, 
caustoq some (Mays. 

The North: A1 (MJ: Contraflow at Barton 
Interchange, SW ol Darimgton. r 
Contraflow between junction 31 (Preston) 
and 32 ( Blackpool): traffic joining south- 
bound camageway from M55/AB n re- 
stnewd to a single tone only. KB: 
Contraflow between junction G (tfato) and 
9 (Preston). 

Soodenct Aft Traffic reduced to a 
stogie lane in each direction on Glasgow 
Rd. Renfrew. Strathclyde Aft Outside 
tone closures at Staling Station under- 

a. TaysMfe: appro a ch with cere. 
Information sropfeed by AA 


Births: Honor** de Balzac, 
Tours. France. 1799; John Sm- 
art Mill, political economist, 
London, 1806: Sign'd (Jacket, 
novelist. Nobel laureate. 1928, 
Kalundborg. Denmark, 1882. 

Deaths: Christopher Colum- 
bus. Valladolid. Spain. 1506; 
Marie-Joseph, Marquis de La- 
fayette. French nobleman who 
commanded troops against the 
British in the American War of 
Independence, Paris, 1834; 
John Clare, poet. Northampton, 
1864; Sir Max Beerbohm, Ra- 
pa Ho. Italy. 1956; Dame Bar- 
bara Hepwortb, St Ives, 
ComwalL 1975. 


A depression to the W of 
Ireland will move NE into 
NW Scotland. Troughs of 
low pressure will cross all 

6 am to midnight 

London, SE, E, central N En- 
East Anglia, E Midlands: 
. dry at first, then ram. some 
heavy and thundery, drier later; 
wind SE becoming SW light or 
moderate; max temp 19C (6ff). 

Central S, NW Engtand, W Mid- 
lands, Channel Islands, Lake Dis- 
trict, Me of Man. SW Scottand, 
Glasgow, Argyll: Rain, heavy and 
thundery at times, becoming 
brighter with scattered showers 
later; wind SE then SW light or 
moderate; max temp 17C i 

SW England, Wales, 

Ireland: Rain at first, soon becom- 
ing bnghter with scattered showers; 
winds or SW tight or moderate; max 

NOON TODAY fimn b shown in mHifeoa FRONTS Worn* CoW Ocxtodod 

Bl ■«* » ! » w «■ W i Mtl t adgal 

tem| 16C(61 

tight or moi 
L Bonders, 

England, Borders, EtSnbwgh, 
Dundee, Aberdeen, Central High- 
lands: Mostly dry at first, then rain. 

heavy and thundery at times, dearer 
j wind 



during even in 

mmg; wmi 
SW light; 

I SE moderate, 
max temp ISC 

Moray Firth, NE. NW Scottand, 
Otfcney, Shetland: Rain at tones, 
often heavy and thundery, a tew 
bright intervals: wind SE moderate 
becoming variable light max temp 
16C (61rl. 

Outlook for tORMMrew and Thurs- 
day: Continuing unsettled and 
ing wmdy_ Near normal 

High Tides 


Sun msec 
5.02 am 

Moon sate: 
3.34 am 
Pul moon: May 23 

Sim Sate 
253 pm 

Moon toes: 
428 pm 

sky: txxriue *ky and cloud: c- 
Clowly Intercast: f-foq-. O-drtEZte: h- 
haJI: mtst-msl: r-raln: s-snaw: Uv 
Uiundemonn: p^Stowers. 



dir Jed. Temperature 


London Bridge 11.41 
Aberdeen 11.04 
Avorenouth 4.32 

M*5* 8.45 

CareJrff 4.17 

Dwonport 247 

Dover 8.46 

FafcnouA 217 
Gtoagow 10.05 
hanweft 9.50 

Kr~ d ss 

tifrnoombe 333 

Letih 1206 

Liverpool 857 

Lowestoft 735 

Margate 9.53 

Mtttord Haven 247 
Newquay 245 
Oban 3J9 

Penzance 200 
Pontond 4.01 
Portsmouth 9. DO 
Starenam 854 
Soutiumptou 8.45 
Swansea 3.50 
Tees 128 

WTton-on-Nze 937 
Tide measured in metres: 1m=3Za08tt. 




6 J3 








































8 2 




















4 I 



1.6 , 



















Around Britain 

Lighting-up time 

Sun Ham 
brs m 

Chelsea show 

The Chelsea Rower Show 
opens today in the grounds of 
the Royal Hospital. Chelsea, 
and ends on Friday. May 23. 

Flowers of every season fill 
the marquee, as well as fruits 
and vegetables and scientific 
displays. Etotic plants from 
many countries provide a 
wealth of colour as do more 
iamiliar hardy garden plants. 

Times of opening and ad- 
mission charges; Today; Private 
view only for holders of 
members' tickets from 8am to 
8pm; lomoiTOw 8am to 4pm. £ 1 2 
entry fee. and from 4pm to 8pm. 
£8: Thursday Sam to 4pm. £10. 
and from 4pm to 8pm £6; 
Friday Sam to 5pm, £8. 

For their own safety there is 
no admission for children under 
five years of age. There are 
facilities for handicapped 

Parliament todav 

Commons (2.30): Social Se- 
ninty Bill, completion of 
remaining stages: debate on 
motion from Privileges 
Commiiicc to cxdude reporter 

Lords (2.30): Education BilL 
port stage; Drainage Rales 
disabled Persons) Bill, 
committee stage: Horticultural 
Produce Bill, second reading. 

Tiros POrttoUo Gold nitis are as 

1 Tune* Portrcho K Irw. Purchase 
of Th? Tunes B noi a condition at 
taking pari. 

2 Tirort Port/ilio lilt compmes a 
qrauD Of public companies whose 
snares arc listed on tne Stock 
ELxrhanoe and quoted m The Time* 
Slock ELxrtiaim? price* p«e The 
companies comprising Uial list will 
change from nay lo day. The list 
iwhich Is numbered > - 44i it divided 
into four randomly doinbuM groups 
of 1 1 shore*. Every Portfolio card 
contains 1*0 numbers irom each 
group and each card contains a 
unique *p> o ( number*. 

3 Times oon folio ’tUtnieml' swill be 
me figure in pence which represents 
roe optimum moveroenl in-*pnces il e. 
Ihe largesi increase or lowest torsi of a 
combination of eight (Two from each 
[aiioomh nainnuutMrniD wntnn the 

■14 shares, of the 44 shore* which on 

anv one day comrsf The Time* 
portfolio list. 

4 The tuns dhloend win be 
announced each day and the weekly 
dn. inend will be announced each 
Saturday tn The Times 

5 Time* PortioHo llsi and details of 
Ihe dalle or weekly di< idend win also 
be available for inspecuon at me 
ollici-* « The Tunes. 

6 If Ihe overall price mosonenl of 
more man one combinahon <4 snares 
eguais the dti Idend. Ihe prize will be 
equally dlsided aroorni Ihe claimanl* 
hoidinq ihosr combinations of share*. 

7 All Harms are subieci to orruliny 
before payment Any Tim-* Port'cHio 
card that is defaced, tampered with or 
liworrecuv onmed in any way w|U be 
declared \ oid 

8 Emptevees <X iiriemaUanat 

pic and il* subsidiaries and of 
tTiiropnnl Crnup Limited (producer* 
and distnoutor* of the caidi or 
members of their immediate laroilies 
arc not allowed to play Times 

o ah parrinpant* will be subieci to 
uwse Rules. AH itntrurtions on "Flow 
to Plav" and “how lo claim' 1 whether 
published Ht The Times or Ip Time* 
Portfolio cards will tve deemed to be 
pari or iiwe Rules Tne Editor 
reserves (he n*M to amend line Rules. 

SO In any dispute. The Editor's 
deCKton s ttnai and no corre«oon- 
dence will be enitred into 

It H for any reason The TVmes 
Prices Pa*e is not published in the 
normal way Time* Portfolio will 
suspended for that day. 

How to ptoy - DSHy OMtttnd 
On each day your unique set of eight 
numners wiu repreaeni commercial 
and industrial shares published ui The 
Times Portfolio im which will appear 
on the Stock Exchange Prices Hge 
In the cotumns pro* Ided next to 
your shares note the price change li- 
ar -i. In pence, as published u. Dial 
day's Times. 

After Ming the price changes of 
your etohi shares for that day. add up 
all etqtii snare change* to wve you 
your overall total plus or ramus t+ or 

Ihe Stock Esciurar Prices page. 

It vour overall total matches The 
Times Portfolio dividend you have 
won outnqm or a snare or the total 
prize money staled for mat day and 
mini claim your prize as Instructed 


Mow to ptH - Weekly Otvklend 
“ turoay 

record your dauy 

Monday Salu 
Portfolio total. 

Add these together to determine 
your weekly Portfolio total. 

H vour total matches the published 

staled for that week, and must claim 
your prize as instructed below. 

Haw n atatin 

Telephone The T(mu Portfolio tWm 
I me inso-ixm between Hkactam ana 

i be acMptea oanua ohm 


You must have your card with you 
when sou telephone. 

If vou arc unable lo tdepnone 
someone rtw can claim on your behalf 
hut I hey must hate vour card and call 
The Times portfolio claims hoe 
between the stipulated Uraes, 

No responsibility can be accepted 
Jor 1 allure tu contact the claims office 
for any reason within the stated 

The above instruchoRS are ap- 
teabte lo bout dauy antf weeKto 

uhbvl daunt. 

London 953 pro 10 4.31 am 
Bristol 9JJ2 pm to 4.41 am 
burgh 9.58 pm ID 4.20 am 
Maocheator 9.41 pm to 4.30 am 
nuance 9J8 pm to 4.58 am 

C F 

16 61 fumy 

17 63 sunny 

17 63 sunny 

18 64 sunny 
IB 64 sunny 
18 64 sunny 


Temperatures at midday yesterday: c, 
ckxtd. t. tain r. nun; e. sun. 


gj*Mf c 1559 Guernsey f 1864 
ITmiahm s 1864 tnvemom (1559 
toe^ioot s 1559 Jersey s 21 70 
BwW M763 London (ig66 
Craffitt 1 1559 M’nctnur M659 
Effinbuto* < 1681 Nen casfl e s 1763 
Gtoagow c 1355 R’nidmmy cT152 




The pound 


Austria Sch 






















Ftotand Mkk 
France FT 

Germany Dm 
Greece Or 
Ireland Pi 
Italy Lira 
Japan Yen 
Netherlands Gid 
Nonray Kr 
Portugal Esc 
South Afnca Hd 
Spain Pta 

Sweden Kr 

S wtautuutl Fr 

Yugo a t a ri a Pnr 

Raws (or small denommation bank notes 

® as sugpwu Dy Barclays Bank PLC. 
trent rates appr 
























to travellers' 

chfrwes and 

Rettot Price ktoeic 38S3 

Lxndcn: The FT faidax owed up 4 J at 
1294 3. 

_ •, $y Loudon pom fPrmi- 

ersl LtmiUxl of l Virginia sinrL 

Scattooro 6J .04 
BridUngtno 8.3 M 
Cromer 82 
Lowestoft 9.1 .01 
Clacton 8.0 
Margate 10.4 - 

PMkWtone 102 . 14 57 surmy 

.02 14 57 sunny 
03 13 . 55 Sunny 
.04 14 57 sunny 
07 15 59 sunny 
.03 14 57 gunny 
.19 15 59 surmy 
■06 15 59 sunny 
.06 14 57 sunny 
.14 IS 59 sumy 
.11 18 64 surmy 
.13 15 81 sunny 
.07 13 55 surety 
.05 15 61 bngnt 
.0* 16 61 Gunny 
.05 18 61 stavty 
.06 15 59 sunny 

- 16 61 sunny 

- 18 64 surmy 

- 16 81 sunny 

■ 14 57 sunny 

- 17 63 sunny 

Sun Rain 
hre ai 
10.7 07 
5.7 .04 
9.6 .02 

j-- 32 .01 

Deogtu 6.1 .04 




Coturyn Bay 
































Blram Afcpt 

CWMT (Ctrl) 



ass 1 *" 


7 JO 










St Andrews 



- 25 
02 41 

- ,18 
26 .10 
4.S .05 
2 A 21 
0-4 JOB 
12 - 

Belfast 32 .01 

C F 

15 59 surmy 
13 55 surmy 

16 61 sunny 
13 55 bright 
13 55 surmy 

17 63 bright 

15 61 showers 

16 61 sunny 

15 59 surmy 

13 55 5tamy 

14 57 bright 

16 61 tofrmy 

16 61 sunny 
14 57 bright 
14 57 sunny 

12 54 rain 

13 55 snowers 

14 57 ram 

11 52 ram 

12 54 ram 
10 50 ram 

15 59 showers 

17 63 bright 
15 59 bright 

14 57 ram 

15 59 cloudy 

17 63 bright 

Tbese are Sunday's figures 


MDOAY: c, cloud; d, drizzle; I. JSfr; (g. togc r. tsto; s, sun; sn, show: L thunder 

Alex' aria 






Bermud a 1 

D ta mq 




C F 

s 83 73 

J H §1 cyiw 

( 83 73 Corfu 
s 23 73 Dudmi 
f 16 64 Outrank 
s ^ 79 Fere 
5 33 91 Fl o, on ce 

. 22 78 5SST 

f 23 73 Genera 
I 26 79 Otoraxar 
( 19 6a HautMa 
I 23 73 Hang K 
a 28 82 tonsbhA 
S 14 57 luubtf 

I 20 68 Jo 


I 20 68 Majorca 
( 17 63 raSKy 
9 27 61 Matra 
13 55 Hetofne 

C F G F > 

S 30 86 Rome S 23 77.3 
b 24 75 Saizeng c 22 72 
* 23 73 S Paulo- dr 18 64 
d 13 55 S Frisco* s 14 57 

S 24 « S £ * 5 FriaCO* S 14 57 

! If 9 i i gSL, ’ 91 70 


S 21 70 

( 22 72 Munch 

ZO 60 Jo burg- 

24 75 KaracM 
c ® L fatmae 
6 28 8? Lisbon 
s 20 68 Locarno 
CUanca a 20 68 Luxanoo 
SS «90~. » 11 52 
Ch’chrcb* C 10 50 Mfltf&l 

Cape T» 

' J* 57 Napfae 
c 29 84 nKw- 

i £ ^NYorii- 

9 M 89 Nice 
S 35 SS Oslo 
a 21 70 Parle 

5 41106 Pokfnn* 

6 22 72 “ 

I 25 77 
r 18 61 

S Ifl 66 

8 29 84 Sri' 

C 18 64 gtrasb'ra 
ts ® 68 Sydney 
C 22 72 Tanotor 
S a 73 Tel Aviv 
a 35 95 Tenertfa 
s 29 84 Tokyo 
® M 75 Toronto* 
f 16 fil thus 
1 if 66 vaieneia 
e 21 70 VanCuar* 

' 64 Yence 

J ® 72 Wanna 
• « 54 Wtonaar . _ _ 
8 ^ 75 Wasfnoo* s 31 88 
s 40104 Wero&r r 8 40 

0 13 55 
c IS 68 

1 21 70 
I 29 84 
I 23 73 
I 23 73 
c 23 73 
1 25 77 
s 29 82 
( 24 75 
r 13 55 
5 26 TO 
S 23 73 
f 20 66 

4 •• :;■> v. 

** - •< I. < 

• • r>. 

*+ , 

- * -s, 


TUESDAY MAY 20 1986 





FT 30 Share 
1294.3 (+4.8) 

FT-SE 100 
1573.1 (+8.2) 

USM I (Datestream) 
120.74 (+0.38) 


US Dollar 

1.5185 (-55) 

W German mark 
3.3779 (+0.0091) 

Trade- weighted 
76.1 (0-1) 

hits back 

Rotaflex, tbe electrical 
goods manufacturer, pro- 
duced a hard-hitting defence 
document yesterday against 
the unwanted bid from Em ess 
Lighting, another electrical 

Rotaflex said Emess’s un- 
tested management was al- 
ready overstretched, had little 
experience of commercial 
lighting and had an insignifi- 
cant record of product innova- 
tion and overseas trading. 

It also accused Emess of 
using questionable accounting 
policies, which exaggerated its 
earnings growth. 

ABF jumps 

Associated British Foods 
increased profits from £132 
million to £1 64 million before 
tax in the year to March 29. 
Turnover rose from £2.93 
billion to £3. 13 billion and the 
second interim dividend is up 
from 3.7p to 4.2p. 

Tempos , page 22 

Brewer rises 

Matthew Brown, the brew- 
er, reported interim pretax 
profits up 22 per cent to £3.8 
million on turnover up 7 per 
cent to £273 million. The 
interim dividend was raised 
by 39 per cent to 3p. 

Tempos, page 22 

Bids cleared 

The Secretary of Stale for 
Trade and Industry has derid- 
ed not to refer to the Monopo-. 
lies and Mergers Commission 
lhe. proposed aopiiritiou by 
British Empire Securities and 
General Trust of Ashdown 
Investment Triist'of the pro- 
posed acquisition by Martey 
Group of Thermahte Hold- 

BET link-up 

Two BET subsidiaries. 
United Heavy Transport and 
Transport Development 
Group, are to merge their 
heavy haulage businesses be- 
cause of the decline in North 
Sea oil activity and intense 
foreign competition. 

Merger talks 

Grosvenor Group is hold- 
ing preliminary discussions 
with an unnamed private 
company which could lead to 
a merger. 

Cavland deal 

James Ferguson is to ac- 
juire three finance companies 
rora Cavland Ltd for 
£204,000. They are Century 
Industrial Services, Mersejj- 
skJe Finance and Card Fi- 
nance, all Manchester-based. 

Share shop 

Smith Keen Cutler, the 
stockbroking firm recently ac- 
quired by Samuel Montagu, is 
to open a share shop in 
Midland Bank's New Street, 
Birmingham, branch in July. 

Profits barrier 

Shares in USM-quoted 
Godwin Warren, a supplier of 
car park barriers, fell 25p to 
125p yesterday after a disap- 
pointing vear. Profits made 
onlv slight progress to 
£535.000 after running into 
management snags in Ameri- 
ca and problems in absorbing 
a new acquisition. 


£861m PSBR raises hopes 
of lower interest rates 

By Richard Thomson 

The public sector borrowing 
requirement last month fell 
well below the expectations of 
the Government and of City 
analysts after benefiting -from 
buoyant tax revenues and 
privatization income. 

The Treasury announced 
yesterday that the. PSBR for 
April was £861 million coin-; 
pared with government expect 
rations of £ 1.3 billion and City 
estimates which ranged as 
high as £2.5 billion. 

Analysts were encouraged 
by die figure and saw it as a 
further help towards lower 
interest rates. Mr Peter 
Fellner. of the stockbroker 
James CapeL, said; “We are 
hovering on the edge of an 
interest rate cut but the 
authorities are being 

The Treasury gave a warn- 

ing against putting too much 
wright on one month's PSBR 
figures, but the April result 
compares with £3 billion in 
March, the last month of the 
old financial year! The April 
PSBR last year came to £1.7 

The improvement was 
more dearly- shown by net 
repayments of £1 billion in the 
first four calendar months of 
this year compared with bor- 
rowings of £1.6 billion in the 
same period last year. 

Last month's result includ- 
ed around £1 billion flowing 
into the Exchequer from the 
third and last payment instal- 
ment on. British Telecom 
shares which feD due dmang 
April. The Government is 
expecting to receive a further 
£3.75 billion from privat- 
izations this financial year. 

against a total of £2.7 billion 

A deficit of £7.1 billion has 
been projected by the Govern- 
ment for (his financial year 
compared with a £5.9 -billion 
deficit for the previous year. 

Treasury officials said that 
non-oil revenues remained 
buoyant particularly direct 
tax revenues. They said the 
1 figures showed that the econo- 
my remained healthy and 

Tbe fell in the value of oil 
revenues resulting from the 
drop in the oil price will not 
feed through to the PSBR 
figures until September. Last 
month's figures included an 
unusually high level of bor- 
rowing by local authorities 
from central government. 

Hopes of an imminent bank 
base rate cut had receded 
slightly since last week despite 

PSBR figures, 

analysis said. There is now a 
belief that although a rate cut 
may not be far off it is likely to 
follow the lead of overseas 

There appeared to be little 
prospect of an immediate 
drop in US interest rates 
yesterday as the dollar drifted 
higher m thin markets. 

Although it wandered 
slighlty off its high against the 
yen it strengthened against 
sterling, which closed in Lon- 
don atSI .51 80 compared with 
$1.5240 on Friday. 

But the pound remained 
strong against most European 
currencies, closing up nearly 
one pfennig against the mark 
at DM3.3790. Currency mar- 
kets in Europe were very quiet 
yesterday because of the Whit 
Monday holiday. 

£32m CAP 
offer wins 

By Richard Lander 

Yarrow, the Glasgow-based 
engineering consultancy, soft- 
ware and ticket machin e 
group which fought off a 
takeover bid earlier this year 
from the Weir Group, yester- 
day agreed to a £32 million 
merger with CAP Group, an- 
other software company. 

CAP is seeking to comple- 
ment its marine defence con- 
tracting work with Yarrow's 
succesml YARD consulting 
arm. both of which have the 
Royal Navy as their mam 

In a joint statement yester- 
day tbe companies said the 
synergy between the two ven- 
tures was demonstrable and 
the potential advantages “are 

very substantial”. 

The future of Control Sys- 
tems, Yarrow's ticket system 
manufacturer which lost mon- 
ey last year, is to be reviewed. 

CAP, which came to the 
stock market just 10 months 
ago, has already claimed 
Weir's 282 per cent stake 
which has been bought by 
Charterhouse Japhet, its ad- 
viser, a move which will bring 
Weir a profit of some £4.8 
milUon. It is offering 25 new 
shares and £14 cash for every 
eight Yarrow shares, valuing 
Yarrow at 825p after CAP rose 
8p to 208p yesterday. 

The bid is pitched to offer, 
175p a share cash, the same 
amount promised as a capital 
repayment to shareholders by 
Yarrow as part of its defence 
against Weir. 

There are also fufl cash and 
share alternatives worth 737p 
and 832p respectively. Yarrow 
shares soared by 190p yester- 
day to dose at 820p. 

At the same time CAP 
promised that Yarrow share- 
holders will receive any pro- 
ceeds from the company's 
pending case at the European 
Court of Human Rights, 
where it is claiming extra 
compensation from the Gov- 
ernment for the nationaliza- 
tion of its shipbuilding 
interests in 1977. 

Evered stake 
in IT attacked 

Evered Holdings, the indus- 
trial group; locked in a take- 
over battle for the McKecbnie 
group, is under increased pres- 
sure to justify its £47 million 
stake in TI 

The McKecbnie chairman. 
Dr Jim Butler, said there was 
not a “shred of evidence” that 
Evered had the management 

He said;” EveretTs- uncer- 
tain direction is demonstrated 
bv the substantial proportion 
of its resources tied up in a 
minority interest in TL” 



dSHjSL 175736 (-2^4) 

JESS Dow 15697.53 (+23.50) 


Gen 256J3 (-0-21 

-AO -Z- 11973(+A2) 

Commerzbank — 19602 (-26b) 
BnmeiE . _ . .. 

General S50 ^rr 1 { 5 ^i 

Paris: CAC 408.6+2.7) 


SKA General 

... 527.60 (-&S) 


London: Mw Torte 

£. Si 5185 

L DM3.3779 f £*£^45 

£. SwFf2.8214 S: Index: 1 15.0 

Z FFtlO.7472 
£:Yen255.l8 ECU 

E: Index; 76.1 SCR* 1 17328 


I m H m h 

Bank Base iDfe* 0 „_, 

3-month eksMe 
' irate 

r • 

Prime Hs» 8-5*£4_ 
3D*aar bonds 95‘ i se-”w 

main price changes 

Caparo -- 54p (+7p) 

Menders Holdings — 253p (+1 Op] 

Grosvenor Group 160p (+24p) 

Dowry Group - “Bp j 

Yarrow- 8iW(+ 

CAP Grou p -— ^Mp+f-Sp] 

Dasoutter Brothers — 310p(+3T 
Crystals Holdings - 
Apricot Computers — = 


Great Universal Sirs -9§5p I 
Martin Ford 

NSS Newsagents I84p <+8p> 


Ctement Clarke 

_ I65p(+17p) 

. _ 39Qp i+IOpj 

ET Sutherland A Son - 91pj+13p) 

Marine* ilnEfToS 

oak 130p(4-8p) 

Television . — t11p(+16p) 


Berkeley Group — 

ANZ Bank 

Godwin wanen - 
Brunranfl Group - 


263p f-15p 

... 155p -lOp 


London Fixing: - 


cSwc *34aaw«.10 . : ■ 

Retailers discount 
‘buoyant’ figures 

By Richard Thomson 

Retail sales remained buoy- 
ant last month, according to 
the Department of Trade and 
Industry, despite official fig- 
ures ' published yesterday 
showing a drop in sales vol- 
umes compared with March. 

The retail industry, howev- 
er, claimed that April sales 
volumes had been well below 
their expected levels. 

The DTI figures show that 
the volume index of retail 
sales fell by almost 0.7 per cent 
from 1 19.8 in March to 1 19.0 
in April, but officials empha- 
sized that die record March 
result was distorted because it 
covered a five-week trading 
period instead of the usual 
four. And for the first time 
since 1978, it included Easter. 

A comparison of weekly 
trading volumes showed an 
average of £1 .6 billion spent in 
shops each week in March 
compared with £1.7 billion a 
'week in April A total of £6.8 
billion was spent during the 
whole of April, an increase of 
8 per cent on the same month 
last year. Since the start of this 
year the retail sales index has 
risen strongly by two points 
from 1 17,0 m January. 

The growth in earnings 
above the rate of inflation was 
given as a principal reason for 
rising retail sales.* 

Mr- Bill Martin, an econo- 
mist for Phillips & Drew, the 
stockbroking firm, said; “We 
expected a bigger fell after the 
distorted March figures. As 
earnings rise people have a lot 
of money to spend and we 
expect this trend to continue 
mml tbe next election". 

But retailers themselves 
were moire gloomy. The latest 
monthly distributive trades 
survey, published today by the 
Confederation of British In- 
dustry. shows that retailers 
regard sales in March and 
April as disappointing. 

“Although sales volumes in 
April remained higher than a 
y ear ago, they were not as 
good as retailers expected", 
the survey says. A majority of 
only 22 per cent of the 
respondents in the survey 
reported an increase in sales in 
April, tbe lowest level since 
the survey began nearly three 
years ago. 

The Retail Consortium, 
representing the views of 
Britain's retailers, said that 
although the DTI figures 
showed an underlying buoy- 
ancy in sales, they were not ra 
line with the mood of retailers. 
A spokesman said: “The actu- 
al rate of growth is not quite as 
strong as the government 
figures suggest". 

The CBI survey showed that 
the best business was enjoyed 
by shops sdbng cookers, freez- 
ers and audio equipment But 
footwear and clothing retailers 
experienced poor sales for the 
time of year. Bad weather was 

Paper market opening 

The new . sterling commer- 
cial paper market opens today 
in London and will allow 
commerdal companies to bor- 
row short-term funds for up to 
a year by issuing paper under 
their own names, if it lakes off 
as it has done in the United 
States it could soon become a 
multi-billion pound market 
The Bank of England re- 
cently issued detailed rules 
about how the market was to 
operate. Banks are limited to 

By Our City Staff 

arranging issues and dealing in 
foe secondary commercial pa- 
per market as well as provid- 
ing guarantees to back issues. 
Tbe guidelines limited this to 
British banks but left open a 
loophole for foreign banks u> 
come to private agreements 
with the Bank over entry 
So far three American 
banks, Morgan Guaranty, 
Morgan Stanley and Salomon 
Brothers, have taken advan- 
tage of that 

Oil prices 
to $15 

By David Young 
Energy Correspondent 

Oil prices have moved up- 
. wards towards S15 a barrel 
after renewed speculation that 
the Organization of Petroleum 
Exporting Countries will be 
able to reach a new production 

The oil producers* cartel is 
due to meet on June 25 on the 
Yugoslav island of Brioni. 

races for North Sea crude 
for delivery next month have 
moved upwards to $15-a- 
barrel, although some traders 
are predicting that the price 
firmness could be short-lived. 
One stockbroker has suggested 
that Saudi Arabia wants to 
keep the price below $18 a 
barrel to stimulate demand. 

Wood Mackenzie, foe Edin- 
burgh-based oil industry spe- 
cialist, suggests that short- 
term prices will remain 
volatile, with only a new Opec 
agreement likely to lead to a 
durable recovery in prices. 

“There is a strong possibili- 
ty that Opec will achieve an 
agreement at its June 
meeting,” the broker says. 
“Seasonal factors and foe 
effects, of lower oil prices on 
both demand and non-Opec 
production will provide Opec 
with a bigger cake to share out 

“Nevertheless any produc- 
tion ceiling which is agreed is 
likely to be fairly loose," 
Wood Mackenzie adds. 

Interim loss 

United Scientific Holdings' 
interim results announced 
yesterday reveal that foe prob- 
lems previously identified in 
its American subsidiary. Optic 
Electronic Corporation, have 
proved deep-rooted. Manage- 
ment changes are being imple- 
mented, full details of which 
will be announced today. 

On virtually unchanged 
turnover of £50 million, a loss 
of£l million was reported for 
the six months to March 31, 
compared with a profit of £5.4 
million last year. This year's 
result was made up of a loss of 
more than £4.75 million in foe 
United Slates, partly offset by 
profits of £3.8 million 
elsewhere. Tempos, page 22 

‘Training black hole’ awaits 
youngsters in UK industry 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Britain feces a skin crisis 
rather than a skill shortage, 
with most young people falling 
into a “training black hole" 
when they get jobs, Mr Bryan 
Nicholson, chairman of the 
Manpower Services Commis- 
sion, said in London 

The skfD problem was Ear 
worse than indicated by a 
recent Confederation of Brit- 
ish Industry survey, he main- 
tamed. The survey showed 
that 14 per cent of companies 
expect skill shortages to affedt 
production in the coming 

Bet Mr Nicholson said: 
“That figmre Is foe tip of the 
iceberg, reflecting only what 
employers can readily identify 
as haring a direct effect on 
output The tenth is that 
Britain's skill shortage is in 
facta skiD crisis, created by 
years of neglect and compla- 
cency and exacerbated by tbe 
rapid pace of technological 

He went mu “That crisis 
shook! concern os greatly If we 
are to make a permanent 
impact on jobless figures. Al- 
though we have to tackle 
nnemptoymeut here sod now, 
lade of,, competence, unless 
remedied, wiD make the long- 
term goal of full employment 
aBffliBttiiuiahb dr eam" *. 

A massive training effort 
ras~ demanded, he argued. 
“Technology is a Cook to be 
selected whh care mid used 

Bryan Nicholson: “years of 
neglect and complacency" 

with skm, and the people who 
wrn contribate most to the 
gross national product are not 
those who create that technol- 
ogy but those who harness its 

He added: “If Britain is to 
travel the technology road to 
fall employment we mast re- 
skill foe workforce, from top 
management to shop floor, and 
we most do ft now". • 

He also gave this warning: 
“Oar overseas competitors 
show no sign of easing up 
while we try to catch up so we 
need to make a quantum leap 

and retraining were 
“Diversity and flexibility have 
emerged as foe keys to foe 
successful management rtf 
change,** he added. 

Mr Nicholson^ - formerly 

c h air m an of Rank Xerox 
(UK), decried technology's be- 
ing portrayed as foe faceless 
tri remorseless robot which 
was kicking the honest British 
worker out into tbe snow. In 
Japan, where the robot and 
every other technological de- 
velopment had been seized on 
to be pot to work, unemploy- 
ment was not a problem and 
some large employers offered 
jobs for me, he said. 

Mr Nicholson said there 
were three bases for hope. One 
was the Youth Training 
Scheme and the Technical and 
Vocational Initiative in 

schools and colleges would, 
given the chance to develop, 
give young people tbe right 
kind of foundation on which to 
build a career. 

Second, in the next five 
years there coaid be “a mas- 
sive gromidsweU of enthusi- 
asm among employers for foe 
concept of investing in 

He added: “Unless we im- 
prove our adult training per- 
formance most of the joang 
people we go to such lengths to 
prepare for working life will 
continue to fell into a training 
black hole." 

Mr Nicholson also hoped 
that educators, trainers and 
employers would “get their act 
together". That in itself was 
complex, he said, and ex- 
plained: “We should weave a 
web of coherence into the 
education and training sys- 
tem— That process will neces- 
sarily involve questionin g 
some of oar traditional vahtesT 


Executive Editor Kenneth Fleet 

SE paves the way for 


The draft rules issued by the Stock 
Exchange to come into force with the 
big bang on October 27 show that 
slowly but surely the seeds of self- 
regulation are beginning to take root. 
The Stock Exchange rules, like the 
conduct of business rules hastily 
issued by the Securities and Invest- 
ments Board in February, will clearly 
require amendments of detail — to 
satisfy tbe SIB, as well as factions 
within the . exchange. At least the 
framework of self-regulation and 
investor protection in this area has 
been established. 

The exchange has laid down dis- 
crete rules for the equity, sterling fixed 
interest and gilt markets. This may 
well be a foretaste of the future under 
dual capacity when these markets — 
with their very different participants 
— may diverge. Then market practices 
may throw up differing regulatory 

There will clearly be much finessing 
attempted by the exchange, which is 
keen to publicize the fact that its rules 
come into force many months before 
the SIB rules are running. It is likely to 
win the argument that client agree- 
ment letters should not require annual 
renewal, but there are areas for 
discussion where the outcome is not 
so clear cut 

There remains, for instance, the 
vexed question of best execution and 
what this actually entails. In the SIB's 
draft rules this meant obtaining the 
best price for the client. Objectors 
have argued that tbe SIB's version 
fails to take into account the value of 
research services. The Stock Ex- 
change, however, actually drafts a 
definition of investment services — 
which include research — and effec- 
tively provides room for them to exist 
within the principle of best execution. 

The main focus of attention is likely 
to be on the rules governing publica- 
tion of trades, which worry market- 
makers. They are worried that the 
requirement for details of trades in 
leading stocks be reported and made 
public within five minutes would 
open them to exploitation by rivals, 
for instance by splitting up big blocks. 

This is a fair point, but the 
importance of having one market, 
which is not fragmented and which 
provides, through Seaq, the same 
information to all, should be allowed 
to prevail. 

Valuing Woolworth j? c 

Just three days before the first 
closing date of Dixons Group's £1.5 
billion bid, Woolworth has had 
another go at questioning tbe quality 
of its profits. This raises two diffi- 
culties. Dixons's 1985/86 accounts, to 
which many of the queries relate, are 
not published yet And they will not 
reveal as much as Woolworth would 
like to see — in part for good 
commercial reasons. Dixons, for 
example, is not going to show how 
much profit has been contributed by 
the subcontracting of credit sales to 
Lombard Tricity Finance. That would 
reveal too much to competitors. 

Dixons continues to maintain that 
there has been no profit from interest 
on Currys credit sales in 1985/86, 
insignificant profits from property 
sales and no benefit from asset 
writedowns. The interest being earned 
on the cash still coming in from 
former Currys credit sales is no more 
than enough to pay for finance and 
collection, says Dixons. 

Perhaps the most relevant question 
for Dixons, now that the first stage of 
the bid is drawing to a dose, is how 
much does it really think Woolworth 

is worth and is it prepared to pay that 

City analysts are talking of at least 
£10 a share to be in with a chance 
against Dixons present offer of 670p. 
The falling market is not being kind to 
Dixons. Its share price has come back 
nearly 25 per cent from its high at 
438p a few weeks ago. Woolworth 
shares have fallen only 12 per cenL 
The day Dixons announced its bid, its 
offer was worth 805p a share. 

The lack of a cash alternative (so 
far) is more dangerous in a weak 
market and so too is highly rated 
paper. Assuming profits in 1985/86 of 
about £73 million Dixons is still 
selling on a high rating of 25 times 

At £10, Woolworth would be valued 
at nearly 29 times prospective earn- 
ings, assuming taxable profits of £105 
million. Dixons' job over the next few 
weeks will be to try and demonstrate 
why this is too high a price to ask. 

Question of reference 

Paul Channon, the Secretary of 
State for Trade and Industry, has now 
had on his desk for a week the 
recommendation of the Office of Fair 
Trading on whether to refer two bids 
for S & W Berisford to the Monopolies 
and Mergers Commission. A decision 
is imminent, and not before time. The 
first closing date for Hillsdown's bid 
for Berisford has already come and 
gone. And that used to be thought an 
informal deadline for monopolies 
references, even though the Secretary 
of State formally has six months. The 
decision to refer BET'S scaffolding bid 
for SGB was not made until after the 
offer's second closing date. 

In the Berisford case, it must be 
said, Tate & Lyle only came in later 
and it was the entry of the main 
domestic competitor for Berisford's 
British Sugar subsidiary that com- 
plicated the issue. Nonetheless, the 
excessive length and ceremony of 
Commission investigation may be 
turning the deliberations between the 
OFT and the Secretary of State into 
the real bid ruling. 

That would be a misguided change, 
just as it would be wrong for the OFT 
to feel it has somehow made a mistake 
when the Commission passes a re- 
ferred merger. If the Commission 
rocess is too complex, it should be re- 
brmed, rather than widening the 
range of confidential Whitehall dis- 

The OFT is understood to have 
recommended that both the Tate & 
Lyle and Hillsdown bids should be 
referred. This would be hard luck on 
Hillsdown, because the grounds for 
nefening its bid in isolation are bound 
to seem somewhat spurious — aspects 
of the animal feed industry perhaps. 
Whatever forms are needed to satisfy 
the Whitehall principle of individual 
treatment, however, it is important 
that both bids or none should be 
referred (and Tate’s demands 

The BET reference allowed 
Mowlera to come in with an agreed 
merger with SGB while BET was off 
the field, effectively deciding the issue 
before the Commission cleared the 
BET bid. Whitehall does not want to 
decide the commercial issues of bids. 
It should not normally do so acciden- 
tally by referring one competitive bid 
for a company and not another, unless 
the first bid has already been cleared 
before the second bidder enters the 

New Nationwide Rates 

From June FI986 




5.50% net 

£500 plus 

7.00% net 


(£1 00-£499 existing accounts only 

5.50% net) 

£500-£1 ,999 

7.00% net 


7.25% net 


7.50% net 

£10,000 plus 

7.75% net 

Capital bonus (New account) 

7.75% net 





£10,000 plus 


The interest is paid gross. Available only to those not ordinarily 
resident in UK. 



The rate of interest paid on all other investment accounts except 
Treasurers Accounts will be decreased by 0.75% from 1 June 1986. 

Mortgages 11.00% 

The rate of interest charged on existing mortgages for owner 
OCCUDier borrowers will oe U.00% from l Jyne 1986. This rate has 
applied to new advances since 19 April 1SS6. 


Nationwide Building Society, New Oxford House. High Holbomlondor? WC1V 6PVV 


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agree to 

step down 

Mr Geoffrey Brunning- 
ehairman of Brunning Group 
is stepping down as part as a 
management reorganization 
He is also leaving the board 
but remains an employee of 
the advertising and marketing 

The reorganization follows 
an agreement between the 
company and its financial 

In agreement with the 
board. Mr Brunning is to place 
family shareholdings with 
leading institutional investors 
and nine members of the 
senior management team. 

Mr Frank Casey, a director, 
has also resigned from the 
board but has agreed to con- 
tinue as a special adviser and 
as the group's representative 
on advertising bodies and 
committees. He will also re- 
main chairman of the 
Brunning agency in 

Mr Trevor Shonfeld. who is 
currently managing director of 
the London agency, has been 
appointed to the board as 
group chief executive and Mr 
Peter Morgan, managing di- 
rector of the subsidiary'* Circu- 
lar Distributors, has also 
joined the board. 

The reconstituted board is 
seeking a new finance director 
to succeed Mr Bill Morris, 
who will retire next March. It 
is also intended that a new 
non-executive chairman will 
be appointed and further ap- 
pointments may be made to 
strengthen the board. 

Shareholders will be asked 
to approve the enfranchise- 
ment of the restricted voting 
shares with ordinary share- 
holders receiving a one-fcr-30 
scrip issue as compensation 
for dilution of their voting 

Results for the year to 
March 31 are expected to 
show a loss on continuing 
activities. There will be no 
final dividend. 


Confidence slowly 
returns and share 

retreat is halted 

Stock markets made a quiet, 
but firm start yesterday to the 
second leg of the three-week 
spring holiday account. A 
largely favourable weekend 
press on the short-term invest- 
ment outlook prompted a 
modest return of confidence, 
so that recent selling pressure 

The FT 30-share index 
edged forward by 4.8 points to 
1 .294.3. while the FT-SE 100 
index rose by 8.2 points to 

However, genuine investors 
refused to be tempted from 
the sidelines and the main 
centres of investment activity 
were restricted to press "tips", 
company statements and bid 

Government stocks im- 
proved by three-eighths in the 
conventional on the ever- 
present hope of lower interest 
rates. One of last Friday's new. 
index-linked Treasury stocks, 
2003, was exhausted in early 

Leading industrials were 
largely ignored, but BP at 
563p and Shell at 783p contin- 
ued to benefit from last 
Thursday's better-than-ex- 
pected profits, both another 
8p higher. Plessey improved 
by Sp to 226p in anticipation 
of good results next Thursday, 
but in dull insurances Royal 
lost 8p to 909p. 

Banks held steady after last 
week's mauling which fol- 
lowed the big NatWest rights 
issue. On the takeover front. 
Yarrow was hoisted 200p to 
830p on the surprise — and 
agreed — offer from CAP 
Group. Sp better at 208p. Weir 
Group, which realized a useful 
profit from the sale of its stake 
in Yarrow, added 4p to 1 2Ip. 

Grosvenor Group, announc- 
ing merger talks with a private 
company, jumped by 24p to 
1 60p. while Dowty Group rose 
9p more to 205p on a press 
suggestion that BTR may bid. 
Amstrad continued to benefit 
from the scrip proposals, up 
by I7p to 264p. There is also 
talk of a brokers' meeting later 
this week. 

AB Foods pleased the mar- 
ket with a 23.5 per cent profits 
increase and rose by 2p to 
332p. Sains bury, reporting to- 
day. gained 6p to 378p. Deal- 
ers are looking for profits in 
the region of £185 million - 
20 per cent higher than last 

RHM. with interim figures 
also due, added 5p to 204p, 
while last Friday’s newcomer 
Dalepak advanced 9p more to 
130p against the offer price of 
I07p. Losses cut 5p from 
United Scientific at 125p. but 
better-ihan-expeeled profits 
supported Crystalale, at 2l3p 
and Dnbilier, at 178p — both 
about 12p firmer. 

Technology for Business at 
1 3 1 p and Berkeley Group at 
430p gave up lOp each, after 
their respective rights issues, 
but Scottish Television im- 
proved by 5p to 345p on the 
plan to give votes to the “A" 
shares and the £5.7 million 
rights issue. FKI Electricals 
hardened by 2.5p to 77.5p on 
the deal with Thora-EMl. 

Stores made a brighter 
showing, with GUS “A” up 
25p to 985p on reports of an 
imminent management deal 
with Harris Queensway con- 
cerning The Times furnishing 

to 323p on the news that the 
Quantum fund of Curacao 
had increased its stake to 
11.14 per cent Martin Ford 
jumped lOp to 76p on revived 
bid hopes and NSS News, in 
which D C Thomson has a 
stake, climbed 8p to I84p. 
Press comment lifted Caparo 
Industries 7p to 54p, but 
Rotaprint lost 2p to 7.5p on a 
“sell” recommendation. 

£2Qm link 

to sell 

price news 

By Richard Lander 

Harris Queensway rose by 
6p to 248p. while elsewhere 
Combined English gained 8p 

Deso utter at 3 1 Op and 
Hestafr. 165p, were hoisted by 
30p and I7p respectively on 
speculative interest. Pegler- 
Hattersley gained I3p to 
607p, awaiting development 
from the FH Tomkins situa- 
tion. A 25 per cent earnings 
improvement stimulated 
Rea dicut at 41 p, up 3.5p. but 
Tomkinsons eased 5p to 19Sp 
in spite of a 50 per cent profits 
increase. Clement Clarke was 
wanted again, at 1 90p — up 
1 5p and Spafax TV’ attracted 
strong speculative support at 
1 1 5p. up 20p. 

Of the two newcomers, 
British Island Airways 
opened at a small discount at 
58p, but Dean and Bowes 
recorded a 6p premium at 56p. 

Bumper profits inspired J 
Williams of Cardiff, up 3.5p to 
33. 5p. Brunning Group fell to 
)45p on the management 
shake up. but later rallied to 
J55p, a net fall of JOp. 

Disappointing profits 
knocked 25p from Godwin 
Warren at 1 25p, but a 25 per 
cent expansion supported 
Craton Lodge, at 1 lOp. up I Op 
and Clayform improved 5p to 
253p as profits proved higher 
than forecast. 

In overseas banks, AN Z lost 
1 5p to 263p after disappoint- 
ing figures. 

Mercantile House, the fi- 
nancial services group, is link- 
ing up with America's 
Automatic Data Processing 
(ADP) in an attempt to be- 
come the leading news and 
price information provider to 
the British and European se- 
curities trading industry. 

The two companies will 
each invest more than £10 
million into the 50-50 joint 
venture, which will market 
Marketpulse, an advanced 
full-colour screen information 
system developed in the Unit- 
ed States by ADP 

Customers, who are expect- 
ed to pay a basic monthly rate 
of £350 per work station, will 
be able display a customized 
mixture of news, price and 
historical data 

American stock prices will 
be taken from ADFs own 
material, now marketed 
around the world by Reuters, 
the news and financial infor- 
mation agency, under an ex- 
clusive agreement due to 
expire next year. 

Coloroll buys 
ceramics firm 

Coloroll, the wallpaper and 
home furnishings group, yes- 
terday announced a move into 
ceramics, one week after fail- 
ing in its hotly-contested £14 
million bid for Staffordshire 

It is paying £5.1 million for 
the privately owned Billons 
group of companies which, 
like Staffordshire Potteries, is 
based in Stoke-on-Trent and 
manufactures and distributes 
earthenware mugs and table- 

The Coloroll chairman. Mr 
John* Ashcroft, said the acqui- 
sition had been under discus- 
sion for more than two 
months and that the business- 
es of Biltons and Staffordshire 
Potteries were highly comple- 


, i. •*■• »-’i 

SINCE 1858. 




Weston keeps them 
guessing at ABF 

Mr Garry Weston, the chair- 
man and majority sharehold- 
er of Associated British 
Foods, keeps his plans for the 
future to himself. 

It is now three years since 
he withdrew from South Afri- 
ca. and he has yet to indicate 
where he wifi invest the 

At least yesterday's results 
show that the money is now 
making a decent return for 
ABF shareholders, pending 
an acquisition. 

On investments, which 
rose from £259 million to 
nearly £300 million gross by 
the year end, ABF received 
income of £39.4 million, up 
from £23.5 million. 

That reflects a return of 1 3 
per cent, against only 9 per 
cent in the previous year, 
taking the year end figures in 
each case. 

The rise in investment 
income accounted for half the 
increase in pretax profits 
from £132 million to £164 

The other half of that 
increase came from better 
trading from most areas of 
the group and redundancy 
costs were £2 million lower at 
£6 million. 

The retailing arm. which 
takes in Fine Fare's 450 
stores, increased profits by 19 
per cent to £41.9 million on 
sales 8 per cent higher at 
£1.41 billion. 

Volume rose by 3 per cent 
and margins improved to 
nearly 3 per cent, but that is 
still below the level achieved 
by Sainsbury. 

ABF. unlike Sainsbury 
does not, however, boost 
margins by capitalizing inter- 
est on the cost of building 
new stores. 

Manufacturing, which 
takes in the milling and 
baking businesses, had a bel- 
ter second half than expected, 
with two price increases on 
both bread and flour. As a 
result profits rose by 10 per 
cent to £57.6 million. 

Overseas, there were good 
performances in Australia, 

New Zealand and Ireland and 
profits rose 16 per cent to 
£32.5 million, despite curren- 
cy movements which reduced Mnlrlinoc 
group pretax profits by £2.3 nuium y 

On ABFs conservatively 
slated earnings — property 
profits of £13.5 million are 
not included — the share price 
332p is trading on a 
historic multiple of just 13. 

Given that 31 per cent of 
the trading result comes from 

retailing, which tends to com- 
mand a higher rating than 
manufacturing that looks 

But after the shares good 
run in recent months, outside 
shareholders may want more 
indication of where the group 
is going before chasing them 
any higher. 

Matthew Brown 

Having escaped the chilly 
embrace of its northern com- 
petitor Scottish & Newcastle, 
the Blackburn-based brewer 
Matthew Brown now has to 
deliver the profit and divi- 
dend forecasts promised in 
course of its defence. 

Yesterday's interim an- 
nouncement was an encour- 
aging start. Despite the 
diversion of management 
lime in warding off S & N's 
bid. pretax profit for the 26 
weeks to March 29 were up 
22 per cent to £3.8 million on 
turnover of £27.3 million, up 
7 per cent. 

Margins are the name of 
the game, that and maximiz- 
ing the profitability of tied 
houses through what are now 
called “amuseraent-with- 
prizes" machines (fruit ma- 
chines to you and me) and 
sales of pub meals. In the 
results just reported, the trad- 
ing margin was increased 
from 16.8 per cent of turn- 
over to 1 8.9 per cent 
For the year to September 
as a whole. Matthew Brown 
has to make £9.7 million, 
only 1 8.6 per cent up on last 
year. U is hard to imagine a 
summer worse than last 
year's, and this profit forecast 
should be comfortably 
reached. Which, at the 
present price of 475p puts the 
shares on a multiple of over 
17 times prospective earn- 
ings, still a healthy 40 per cent 
premium to the rest of the 

The 14p dividend prom- 
ised for the year implies a 
hefty 50 per cent payout ratio. 
Future dividend increases are 
likely to be much more 

United Scientific 

The dangers of inadequate 
controls in overseas subsid- 
iaries are clearly visible in 
United Scientific Holdings' 
interim results for the six 
months to March 31, 1986 
which were reported 

Outside the United States, 

profit before tax was £3.3 
million, a slight deterioration 
on last year. But this was not 
enough to compensate for a 
loss of more than £4.75 
million (including write-offs 
of about £1 million) in the 
American subsidiaries. 

Consequently, the pretax 
result for the group as a ■* hole 
slumped to a loss of £1 
million, compared with a 
profit of £5-4 million in the 
comparative period las: year. 

The problems underlying 
these disastrous results are 
the culmination of years of 
inadequate financial controls 
and lack of management 
discipline in the US. 

To win orders in a highly 
competitive market place. 
Optic Electronic Corpora- 
tion, the US subsidiary pro- 
ducing night vision 
equipment, tendered for busi- 
ness at prices w hich did not 
allow for an adequate return. 

This was in 1984. and the 
majority of these ua profit- 
ably priced orders have now 
been completed, with the last 
due for delivery* in the second 
half of this financial year. 

The new management, be- 
ing installed in OEC will 
implement stringent financial 
controls, improve efficiency 
and restructure the operation 
to provide a viable cost base 
Ni-Tec, USH's other US 
subsidiary which produces 
image intensificr tubes, is 
now trading satisfactorily af- 
ter its relocation in Dallas, 
Texas next to OEC. 

The cost of production is 
falling, while quality is satis- 
factory- Consequently, the 
US operation as a whole 
should at least break even in 
the second half and be profit- 
able in 1987. 

The market has been un- 
easy about USH for some 
months now, but was unpre- 
pared for such a poor perfor- 
mance and the share price fell 
1 2p to 1 1 8p. Now that a firm 
grip is being taken in Ameri- 
ca, the worst of its problems 
could be over. 

The chief executive, Mr 
David Fraser, is 
"comfortable" with the 
group's order book which 
stretches out for 20 months. 

One good set of results 
would help to restore 
investor's confidence, but 
pretax of much above £4 
million is unlikely for the 
year to September 1 986. Nev- 
ertheless, we have probably 
heard theworst, and this may 
prove to be the end of USH's 

r'rf ±t 

i... r- 
' •• • • 1 * * 

Berkeley Group plans 
£11.9 million cash call 


%*$}? _ t^j mut 



Berkeley Group, the proper- 
ty developer, intends to raise 
about £1 1.9 million through a 
two-for-seven rights issue. 

The 3.46 million new shares 
are priced at 355p. 

Demand for homes in the 
company’s trading areas con- 
tinues to be strong, Berkeley 
says, and to lake advantage of 
future opportunities directors 
believe the company should 
again increase its capital base 
and strengthen its financial 

Net proceeds of tbe issue, 
which will initially be used to 
reduce bank borrowings, will 
provide additional working 

To broaden tbe market in 

the company's shares, the 
directors do not intend to take 
up their full entitlement. The 
remainder will be placed with 

In the year to April 30, 
Berkeley declared a final divi- 
dend of 18p, making 4.2p for 
the year, against 3.6p 

Turnover soared to £31.79 
million from £18.87 million 
and operating profit to £4.55 
million from £2.7! million. 

The £3.3 million raised by 
last year's rights issue was 
invested to continue the 
company’s policy of expand- 
ing the regional subsidiaries 
and establishing additional 
subsidiaries in new areas. 

Anglo to press 
on with battle 
for Burnett 

Anglo United Develop- 
ment, the mining group, is 
refusing to admit any setback 
in its £40 million battle for 
Burnett and Hallamshire. the 
ailing mining and property 

Anglo has been refused vital 
information which it needs 
from the Burnell 

Last night Anglo said it was 
holding talks with its banks 
which assisted in the rescue 
operation for Burnett earlier 
this year. 

“We still want to go ahead 
because we think our pro- 
posed offer makes a lot of 
sense.” said an Anglo spokes- 

Nearly 130 years ago, we opened a branch in 
Shanghai, to serve trade between China and the rest 
of the world. 

Long before any other Western banks opened 
branches, it had become so well-established that the 
Chinese gave it a name in their own language 

( Even today in Shanghai, many people will be 
able to help you if you ask for directions to“Makalee'l) 

Perhaps even more remarkably, it. has provided 
an uninterrupted service ever since it began. 

Today it has been joined by offices in Beijing, 
Xiamen, Guangzhou and Shenzhen. 

Which suggests that when you need information 
and expert services to help you seize the burgeoning 
opportunities For business with today’s China, 
Standard Chartered is the bank you should talk 
to first. 

It also says a good deal about the depth of our 
inv olvement in the countries where we work all over 
the world. 

In China as in over 60 countries worldwide, 
Standard Chartered can offer you all the local know- 
ledge, contacts and services to help you do better 

Put us to the test. Bring your toughest problems 
to your nearest branch. 

• You’ll find an ever-open door. 





vt- W 

• TOMKINSONS: Interim 
dividend 1.25p (nil), payable 
June 23. Turnover £9.69 million 
(£8.46 million) for tbe six 
months to March 29, 1986. 
Pretax profit £753.000 
(£502,000). Earnings per share 
7.7p (5pV 

INGS: Half-year to March 31, 
1986. Interim dividend l.85p 
(l.54p). Sales £29.27 million 
(£32.42 million). Pretax profit 
£3.5 i million (£2.35 million). 
Earnings per share, basic, 
10.49p (5.96p) and fully diluted. 
8.7ip(5.24p). The boand reports 
that orders now stand 30 per 
cent above the level at the end of 
the last financial year. Cash and 
liquidity remain strong. 

WEAR: Dividend 7.1p and 
special payment of 0.75p for 

• g 8S (single dividend of6.3p for 
1984). Pretax profit £1.11 mil- 
lion (£810.824). 

ERTIES: Dividend of 5p. as 
forecast, for 1985, payable on 
July 14. Pretax profit £2.58 
million, compared with the 
prospectus forecast of not less 
than £2.5 million (£1 million for 
19841. Turnover £1 1.87 million 
(£1.47 million). Earnings per 
share 19-9p (5.6p). Planning 
permission has been given for 
the re-development of the Leeds 

store. Clayform is to. build one 
of the most modern covered 
shopping centres in Europe, 
with an investment value well 
above £45 million. 

KNIGHT: Six months ended 
March 31. 1986. Interim divi- 
dend 0.6p (O.Sp). Turnover 
£1.45 million (£138 million). 
Pretax profit £163,000 
(£1 30,000 X Earnings per share 

TROL SYSTEMS: Total divi- 
dend 2J»p <2. Op) for 1985. 
Turnover £7.51 million (£4.96 
million). Pretax profit £535.000 
(£508.000). Earnings per share 
7. 1 p (8.6pX 

The company has won a con- 
tract to assist Malta Shipbuild- 
ing with the introduction of 
advanced technology and 
production methods, particu- 
larly in connection with the 
construction of a series of eight 
titnber/coniainer vessels, each 
of , about 7.000 tonnes dead- 
weight. for Russia. Up to six 
Appledore managers/engineers 
will be assigned to the shipyard. 

year to March 31, 1986. Net 
profit A US$14 1.86 million (£67 
million), against Aus$132.42 

million. Interim dividend 15 
cents (same). 

The group has completed the 
sale of the main part of its 
property development interests 
in Briiain for about £18 million. 
These sales were announced in 
Jan. City Merchant Developers 
and its subsidiary. Central 
De velop ers, have acquired the 
property interest and taken over 
a number of schemes in 
development. Bankers Trust 
Co. has made av ailab le to CMD 
a mixture of loans and guarantee 
facilities totalling about £36 

• SGB GROUP: The offer by 
John Mowiem has been de- 
clared unconditional in all re- 
spects. Acceptances were 
received for 25.65 million or- 
dinary shares (58.79 per cent). 
The offer and loan note alter- 
native remain open until further 
notice, but the cash alternative 
has closed. 

• TOPS ESTATES: The com- 
pany has placed, on a yield 
basis, £15 million of first mort- 
gage debenture stock. 2011/16, 
which has been folly under- 
written bv Ouil ter Good ison Co. 


I / 







i - 

• * * 


.* Vs. 


. VI; 

r: ?, 

V v 

.. ^ 
■i ts 

1- -mS3 



More company news, 
on page 27 



Antler (t30p) 


Sr Island (60p) 
Combined Lease (I25p) 

187 +1 

Templeton (2i£p) 
Spk» (80p) 

Tech Project (1400) 
Tip Top bn>q (I60p) 
Usher (Frank) (100p) 







- ■■<■■■- 

Daiapsk (l07p| 

Davies DY (I55p) 
Dean & 8 
Debtor <t30p> 
Feiguson |J) (10pj 
Gold Gm trot 1165c) 
Green (E) (I20p) 

(peso (1200) 

Jarvrs Porter (tQSp) 
Jurys Hotel fH5pl 
Lea Inti (18(b) 

Lodge Care (700) 

Wellcome fizop) 

130 +9 

26‘r +1 
213 +2 

Westbury (145p) 

Worcester (IT 
Wickes (140p) 






MusierHn (1( 

Really useful 
Splash Prods (72pl 


Ashley Indi N,’P 
Burnish Oil N/P 
F&C Euro N/P 
Hestair N/P 
Low 8 Bonar N IP 
President Em N/P 
Rainers N/P 





Rosehaugtj N/P 
i fi S N/P 

Sastchi .... 

Sale Tttney N/P 

(issue pnee «t brackets). 

45 +4 

ABN 1050% 

Warn g Company .” ! ,’Z“ 10.50% 

ObLl „ ..... tQ 


® i 

— to'so®'' 

Consolidated Crds 10.50*. 

U0f) mental Tnnl in ™ 

-v-.s’UTRjaiea i"05 lUStre 

Coniinenia! Trust..... 1050% 

Co-operative Sank..., 10.50% 

C Hwre & Co .10 50% 

Hong Kong a Shanghai 10.50% 

M s Jank 10.50% 

Royal Bank of Scotland.— 10.50% 

1 Mortgage Base Rale. 



The Government is ureine 
large companies to speed ud 
the payment of money owed 
to smaller suppliers, after a 
rising number of comp lain^ 
businesses, some 
• of which have been forced into 
liquidation by the late pay- 
ment of bills. , 

A set of voluntary guide- 
lines. Payment on 77 me, was 
published by the Department 
or Employment yesterday, 
aiming to encourage better 
practices in both the public 
and private sectors. 

Mr David Trippier, the 
. minister responsible few small 
companies, said: “I find it 
disgraceful that multi-million 
pound companies improve 
their liquidity by squeezing 
the cash flow of small 

The guidelines emphasize 
that both buyers and suppliers 
have responsibility for ensur- 
ing that payment on time is 

Buyers are told to make sure 
they have a regularly moni- 
tored payment policy and not 
to promise payment within an 
unrealistic timescale. 

The small' companies are 
urged to insist on clear pay- 
ment terms when agreeing to a 
contract. This should include 
details of how long after 
invoice the payment will be 
made, whether advance or 
interim payments are avail- 

M L Holdings: Mr I E 
Jacket! becomes group finan- 
cial controller. Mr I W 
Downie is made finance direc- 
tor and Mr W F Brown 
becomes personnel director of 
ML Aviation Co. Mr D 
Johnstone is made finance 
director of ML Engineering 

EMAP: Mr Kevin Hand 
becomes managing director of 
the new circulation and distri- 
bution company. Mr Tom 
Moloney has been made man- 
aging director of a new Lon- 
don publishing division, res- 
ponsible for the development 
of teenage sector magazines. 
Mr Bob Fee than becomes the 
managing director of EMAP 
National Publications. 

Rawlplug: Mr Richard Ev- 
ans has been made manag in g 

Clarkson Puckle Group: 
The board of the international 
division will be: Mr A G C 

By Teresa Poole 

able, and whether there are 
any penalty clauses for failure 
to complete the contract on 

• i 

Mr Trippier said that over 
the past 18 months he had 
receivedan increasingly heavy 
postbag about the problem. 

In many cases there are no 
terms and conditions in the 
contract at all. But I think the 
worst offenders are the larger 
firms who do not honour the 
terms of a contract and know 
that the small firm canno t |a|r» 
them to law.” 

The new initiative has the 
backing of the Confederation 
Of British Industry, the Insti- 
tute of Directors, the Associa- 
tion of British Chambers of 
Commerce and the Institute of 
Purchasing and Supply. 

A CBI survey of the prob- 
lem revealed that a quarter of 
companies claimed most of 
their bills were paid late, one 
third that more than half were 
late, and well over half be- 
lieved that standards of pay- 
ment had declined in the last 
10 years. Just over half the 
small firms had their worst 
problems with large custom- 
ers, but four in ten cited other 
small companies as the 

The findings are backed up 
by the Institute of Directors' 
study which found that 77 per 
cent of members said that late 

on time 9 
$ urged 

payment was a serious 

Mr Trippier made il clear : 
that if the guidelines do not 
have an effect within about 
three years then the Govern- 
ment may consider legisla- 
tion. Payment on Time will be 
issued to government depan- 
. menis. local authorities, major 
corporations, small compa- 
nies, chambers of commerce 
and professional advisors. 
The CBI will also be sending 
out 20,000 copies to its 

Mr Trippier added: “The 
Government itself is not free 
from criticism in this area, 
although all departments are 
on standing instructions to 
pay on tunc” 

Mr John Owens, deputy 
director general of the CBI, 
welcomed the guidelines and 
said: “Small firms are the least 
able to weather the conse- 
quences of late payment. Fail- 
ure to pay on time is failure to 
honour a contract. There can 
be no excuse for holding on to 
someone else’s money. 

In a further move to help 
small companies. Mr Richard 
Ottaway, Conservative MP 
for Nottingham North, has 
introduced a Bill which would 
give firms the legal right to 
charge interest on outstanding 
debts. Its second reading was 
blocked by the Government 
and has been postponed until 

Richard Evans 

Howland Jackson, chairman, 
Mr D M Berliand, Mr C L 
Burgess, Mr A J Duggan. Mr 
A J Ellison. Mr B Etchetls, 
Mr R A Nenlaender, Mr D C 
MQhrater and Mr B M 

Inchcape: Mr Charles Mao- 
lcay will join the board with 
responsibility for the Far East 
activities. He will be based in 
Hong Kong from October, 

Bifla Waste Services: Mr 
Mark Aldridge becomes man - 
aging director. 

Hollis Timber Sales: Mr 
Tony Moore has been madf» 
managing director. 

Guildway: Mr Kenneth Kel- 
ly is made finan cial director. 

Declan Kelly:- Mr Michael 
Morris becomes managing di- 
rector of YPH Housing, a new 

JH Minet: Mr Odin Rees 
Phillips has been made execu- 
tive director of the North 
American marine division, 
and Mr Ian. Delgado of the 
data processing division. 

Triumph Adler (UK): Mr 
CWA Davis joins the board 
as financial director. 

CSE Aviation: Mr Colin 
Beckwith becomes a director. 

More appointments 
on page 27 

rich in 

By Derek Harris 
Industrial Editor 

Woolworth Holdings has 
identified up to 60 of its 800 or 
more Woolworth high street 
stores as having redevelop- 
ment potential that could 
bring a rich financial harvest 
Many millions of pounds 
could be involved because 
Woolworth has so many sites 
in prime in-town positions. 

One of the biggest schemes 
is already planned in detail A 
Norwich Woolworth store of 
49,000 sq ft, valued at £6 
million, is expected to be 
worth £10 million net of 
building costs after develop- 
ment which will drive a lofty 
mail down the centre and add 
a series of other shops to a 
Woolworth outlet of 25,000 sq 

Studies of other potential 
redevelopment sites are still in 
an early stage but it appears 
likely that there will be at least 
one other scheme comparable 
to that at Norwich. 

But smaller Woolworth out- 
lets id smaller towns are also 
attracting attention because 
demographic changes point to 
growth in such spots as popu- 
lation moves increasingly into 
more rural areas. 

As it continues its battle 
against the unwelcome bid 
from Dixons, the electricals 
shops chain, Woolworth is 
planning to spend nearly £1 50 
million by the end of 1988 on 
refurbishing and relaunching 
800 Woolworth outlets to sell 
six main groups of goods 
under its Operation Focus 

At the end of this process 
Woolworth will have 200 
stores in key provincial cen- 
tres which unit be larger units 
that can be used for compari- 
son shopping. Another 600 or 
so will be smaller units which 
will aim to cater for top-up 

In some locations Wool- 
worth is considering adding 
satellite stores which could sell 
one or possibly more of the six 
groups of goods on which 
Woolworth is now concentrat- 
ing. These are its “Kids” 
section.“Gifts and Sweets” 
“Entertainment”, “Kitchen 
Shop”, “Home and Garden”, 
and “Looks”. 

Between 3 and 4 per cent of 
the children's clothing market 
is claimed by Woolworth and 
with the new stores it is 
looking to doubl its 

* vv 

to Heathrow 

Terminal 1. 

For air travellers connecting with other airports 
throughout the UK, Ireland and Europe, SAA offer one-terminal 
simplicity at Heathrow Terminal 1. Whether you’re flying 
to South Africa. Or flying back. 

More non-stop flights. Plus far and away the best wine on 
the route, says Business Traveller Magazine (World Airline 
Wine Survey). 

A lore than ever, SAA is the No. 1 way to South Africa. 


_.we mal<e the difference 

in.rww} «vWj|»H<ioSlftd.ainniT«hBTiTH nn+* 3 *)U 5 PfeMMiceOlndtesier ia wWS 3 *«ViHmrS«rm. Gfajc^Td: Ml-ajUril 


Saturn NTX10 -The right key 
for communications. 

Now available 
from Norton! 

Designed, developed and manufactured by 
Siemens - supplied, installed and maintained 
in trie UK by Norton 

The Saturn NTXiO brings you all the key benefits 
that today's smaller business needs. 

There's faster decision- making because S3»urn 
NTX10 features help people reach you ess-iy. 
help you reach l hem easily and lei you confer 
wuh more than one person on the same call. 
Callers can find you quickly: and you save your 
own time with simple hands-iree operation, 
short-code dialling, and last number redial 
Vbu save money loo. because any extension can 
answer. hcHo and transfer, so you have lo can 
back less often. 

Since business has had a choree, business nas 
increasingly chosen Norton. Try it yourself and 
transform your communications overnight. 

Call us now or return the coupon to find out all 
the details about the sensational Saturn NTXiO. 



The serious aiten&tive in business telephones 

fonon Cr-jcry. 32&-3J1 Ccy 

Lonoir.ECrv JLJ Tei-e. "-.memoon iCo^ao-rU 
B rmnenam i;c**».5n:3J Br-SW r0272i 
Glasgow 3-5r HiniieyiO-JMiT'^W 
Luion 10530) Stoc.stirr <061 . ^775891 

I"" Please send me details ol the Saturn NTXi0~l 
] Telephone System. I 

Saturn NTXIO . 
the digital telephone system 
far small and medwnvsized 


07 c CC CL! U n r i i n r 

/ L C DDL D ll U I LI I I L 


Sonar contracts for Indent are 

worth another £40 million 

Plessey has won contracts worth 
mere than £40 million to supply 
highly sophisticated sew sonar 
for foe Royal Navy* Trident 
submarine programme, and fora 
covert submarine communi- 
cations programme. 

The Trident orders cover 
enhancements to Sonar 2054, a 
fully integrated multifunc- 
tional sonar suite, plus the first 
production contract. 

For Trident, this system wfll 
be the mostadvancedof itstype 
in the world, and will contribute 
to the survivability or this new 
submarine deterrent force well 
into the next century. 


Total orders for the Trident 
sonar project received over the 
last 12 months by Plessey are 
worth more than £150 million. 

As prime contractor for the 
sonar, Plessey was awarded the 

System X 

A Pfesser sateariw swur. 

development prototype and 
pre-production contract in 
April, 1985. Further production 
contracts which take long lead 
times into account will be lei in 
line with the schedule for the 
submarine programme itself. 

Plessey has also been 
awarded a£700,000 contract for 
an advanced new communi- 

cations system which will allow 
submerged submarines to 
transmit current tactical infor- 
mation to ships and aircraft 
without revealing their 

Royal Navy equipment 
business won by Plessey over 
the last year now totals over 
£300 million. 


pumps for 

Boeing is baying more Plessey 
fit el pumps, worth almost 
£1 million, for its 737-300 - one 
of the woiftR bed-selling jet 

Each aircraft employs six 
Plessey fuel pomps in centre and 
wing tanks. These pumps provide 
vapour-free fuel at 20,008 
pounds per bom; and meet ail 
specified performance require- 
ments at high efimh rales ami 
high altitudes. 

Weighing only 237kg, Mk4 
versionsofthe Plessey Type 8240 
fuel pump for the Boeing 737- 
300 are now the only pumps 
qualified for use with all 
conventional aviation fuels, 
including JP4. 

£24 million Mauritius airport 

A new U.000 sq. ft mkroelee- 
trotucs centre has been opened 
by Plessey at its Liverpool tele- 
communications plant Repre- 
senting an investment of over 
£55 mfflion, il provides essential 
quality assessment and devetop- 
ment facilities for the Plessey 
production of British Telecom^ 
System X exchanges. 

The new centre is as 
advanced as any of its kind m 
Europe. Currently 50 engineers 
and operators are employed 
there, mainly in testing and 
qualifying components for the 
System X production line. 

Equipment is highly auto- 
mated - for electrical testing of 
simple and complex com- 
ponents. for environmental 
testing and for failure analysis. 

The centre will also help to 
design new VLSI custom 
devices and assess advanced 
microcircuits for use in System 
X, such as high-density semi- 
conductor memory 1 chips and 
high-speed 16- and 32-bit CPU 

Against fierce competition from 
French companies, Plessey has 
won a £24 million contract to 
redevelop Ptaisance Inter- 
national Airport in Mauritius. 

Expanding its fast-growing 
tourist industry’ isa key element 
in the Mauritian economic 
development plan. By 1995. 
passengers using Plaisance 
should double to a million a 
year, and freight rise from 8,600 
tonnes a year now to 18,000 


As prime contractor, Plessey 
turnkey responsibility includes 
civil works design and con- 
struction, and direction, co- 

r i'-. 

•* f/.- • « • 

• ; rc ;y ; i 

Technology is our business. 

PLESSEY and the Ffeuiv s\mml art (taJc rwK> efPv Knxe- "Twp/, . 

The airport equipped b> Plessey u Grenada, 
ordination and management of Plessey will also provide 
British equipmeniand services, three passengerairbridges. new 
Construction involves taxi- airport power generation and 
ways, aircraft parking apron, distribution, ground and road 
buildings, airside roads, service lighting, navigation and com- 
roads and carparks, and surface munications equipment a new 
water drainage, water supply telephone network, a fixed 

and sewage disposal systems, ground power system, fining 


airport emergency service 

|jff 'Off In Africa alone, Plessey has 

115 ff helped to develop eleven air- 
■ pores since 1975. Elsewhere, its 

projects include the new air- 
, • ports nowoperatincinGrenacL 

our business. and the Falkland*. 

knerioeTPie JVfur. fr-rcm-W,. . _ . . 11 




New York (Reuter) - Wall 
Shyet stocks edged lower in 
qoiet morning trading 

Traders attributed declines 
to spillover selling Grom 
Friday's dose and a widely 
held view that stocks most go 
lower to find technical 

The Dow Janes industrial 
average fell 5.09 to 1,754.71 in 

*“>Vforeign ! exchanges 


early trading. The transport 
average slipped 1.59 to 770.12. 
with the utilities average edg- 
ing OP 0.21 to 181.26 and the 
broader 65 stocks average 

down 1.40 lo 682.75 at 10.40 



The New York Stock Ex- 
change composite Index was 
down IAO at I34J0 while 
Stanadard & Poor's composite 
index lost 1.40 at 682.75. 

May May 
16 IS 

May May 
18 15 

Ireland . - 





P M e dan 











1 .3750-1.37® 



_ S, 1825-01975 









14840-1 <9.00 




6 W Jeynum and CO «« 







Clearing Banks 10% 
Finance Hcusa 11% 


Discount Market Loans % 
Overregtrr Htoh: 10% Low 10 
week Sect 10% 

Treasury 83a (Discount %) 
Buying Soffing 

2 rnntfi 10 2mnS 9% 

3 mnth 9^ 3n*rtti 9*» 

Prime Bank BOs (Discount 
1 mnth IO'ji- 10% 2 mntn 10- 9^^ 
3 mnth 6mnih 9%-fi^io 

Trade BKa jOwcowtt %) 

1 mnth lO-^v 2 mntn 10*4 
3 mnth 10 u » 6 mrtth 10K 

7 days 6°w7 
3 mntti 7’>«* l >is 
7 days 4%-4% 

3 mntti 4 Si-< % 

f~ ra n rti ft 

i ibuui nw 

7 days 7’i*-7 s i# 
3 mntti 7%-7 'ai 

Swiss Franc 
7oays 2*4-2 
3 mmh 4V4% 


7 days 4<>iM"w 
3 mntti 4ft-4X 

call 7%-e% 

1 mntti 7 , ie-fi 18 i« 
Bmntti 7'w-6»w 
caD 5-4 

1 mntti 4K-4K 
6 mntti 4%-4% 
caB 7*-6« 

1 mntti 7H-7X 
6 mnth 7%-7X 
cafl 254-1)4 

1 mntti 4H-4» 

6 mntti 4'w44is 
catt 53 

t mntti 5'«-4'i* 
6 mntti 4K-4K 

Araantna auaoar — 

Australia dollar 

BafirMn dinar 

Brazil cruzado ■ 

Cypru s pound 

FSiiand madia .... ■ ■ 

Greece cEractsna 

Hong Kong doBar 

Inikarupee — — — 

Iraqdmar — 

Kuwait dinar KD 



New Zealand doBar — 

Saudi Arabia nysi. 


South Africa rand 


13945-1 3970 
















— 54775-54175 

Overnight open 10% dose 10% 

1 week I0"ie-10*ie 6 mntti g r -i*-SM 
1 mmh IDV-ltft. 9 mmh 
3 mntti 10%*10»w 12mtfi 9%-9% 

Local Authority Deposits (%) 

2 days 10% 7 days 10% 

1 mmh 10% 3 mntti 10 

6 mntti 9% 12mth 9K 

fir*+««aq Qp-343 5 Q 

The prices and unit trust 
quotations on this 
page refer to 
Friday's trading ' 

Local JUtthority Boads (%» 

1 mntti T15i-lO?4 2 mntti 10'/*-10% 

$3^.75-34525 {225540-226. 
Sovereigns* (newt 
S 81 .50*250 TESlSO-5435 ) 
"Excludes VAT 

Price ifl£p0f»wttwtaane 
Steer in peace per ftey ounce 
Bttdaif Watt $ Co. LU. report 


Offt* 9390-9400 

Three months ... — — -aa; 


Tone Oaet 


Cash 9203-8230 

Three Months -r; 

im _ — — — N* 



Tone — - — .. 


Avarage Mrtodtp^M et 

”, U Mvi» ■ 

(» cattle. 10CL24P per kg w 

Cash —————Suspended 

Three Months - 


Tone — 




Cash 24442*63 

Three Months _ 247&&SLD 
vd 1300 

Tone Steady 


Cash - 40*3-405.0 

Three Months — 

Vd — N* 

Tone — — ** 


Cash 4520-4525 

Throe Months — 463JM04 

Vd -^00 

Tone Steady 


Cash ■ 3313-3323 

Three MontW— 3393-3400 

Vd -~2 

Tone — - ■ Awe* 


Cash 331.0-3323 

Three Months — 33933400 

Vd « 

Tone *3® 

--.V * 


Cash — ■ 757-0-7KL0 

TTm UteSlS — 7553-7560 

Vd 8<50 

Tone Steadier 



CaShl 2895-2700 

Three Months 2753Z755 


3mnth 10*-10» 

3 mntti 954-9% 

6 mntti 1014-10 
12ntth 8%-9% 

Blaring CDs (%) 

1 mntti ICFw-IO^a 3 mnth 10S-10 
3 mntti 9* J i#-9"i« 12mth9%-8* 


1 mntti 8304.75 3 mnth 6.60-6.75 
5 mnth 640-8.75 12mth 7404.95 


Aoptcts*. E512m 
Skfe; £37555% 

Last week: £97510% 
Avge rate: 294001 
Next week; El DOra 

received: 84% 
received: £89% 
last wk £94779 
replace El (3m 


Three Month Stertno Open 

Sep 66 9072 

Dec 85 9137 

Mar 87 91.10 

Jwi 87 N/T 

Sep 87 N/T 

Previous day's total open Interest 19046 
Three Month Euroddtar 

Jur 86 9247 

Sep 86 9237 

Dec 86 9240 

Mar 87 9248 

US Treasury Bond 

Am® 94-28 

Sep 66 9327 

Dec® N/T 

Close EstVot 
8949 2304 

90.74 1288 

9132 229 

91.® 17 

Previous day^ totel open interest 21 594 
92.85 9287 923S 2352 

9244 92® 9244 4556 

9282 92.75 9247 469 

9261 9256 3244 181 

Previous day's total open merest 91® 
95-27 94-21 94-30 10326 

95-03 93-27 94-09 3S5 

93-17 0 

Short G81 




Prevtoue day's total open interest 1 45C 

102- 51 102-30 102-45 210 

103- 06 103-00 102-60 SO 


• Eiow a Asia c^aosmiofli >aniMamoaMQ.«PiLwiiiw HMiquiwii ylinauaM. 

Lom G« 




Mar 87 




I Previous day’s total open Interest 1306& 
‘124-16 123-25 123-28 8602 

.124-17 124-07 124-02 251 

, 124-01 0 

* 123-29 0 

Previous day s total open interest 2467 
15740 1M.15 15740 759 

160.® 15840 15945 59 



Monti Cte. 

June 1024 1024 

.' A V 

122 . S 
199 1SS 
226 20? 
101 SO 
160 118 


174 139 

m i3S 
305 237 
356 300 
205 1ST.- 
141 1(2 
B* . 70 
255 217 
«• 36 
74 62 

95 85 
210 JB1 
345 286 

TD Off Of Loi Kdlll 
TO iro 6 Can TO 

TO Natural Rre _• 2» 
TO Norm Arnica 91 
to Pxa»c Bnm tS2 
TO R-asrtr iro 
TO Tactr 107 

TO TruaMS >54 

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Throg SaeumO Ca^OSD 
Trans ocaanc 19« 

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214 .28248 

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Maraatnn Now 
Pacflo bur Tit 
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Srattr BroSMn 

T83 61 *a 
08 05882 

M Otter CTOS YU 

6d Ottsr Ong VM 

M Otter Ong Vd 

BU Otter Qmg YK 

8U Otter Ong YU 

bu Otter Ong ru 

CM 8 FtXM H 554 5S.1 

Tsr Or bni That* 635 87.8 

Soacof 8b* Trud 745 795 

Mh Am «r Thai 574 612 

Far M an Trad 725 775 

G«A Fteadkt 
Grovrtti EqJiy 


SL Gaergs Htn Corao» a Hcn SL CmteMry CVI 

UK Oontti Accum 1424 1514# -24 358 
Do tecona 128 2 131.1* -22 AGO 

N Amanan 

Frapaty Srmra 
Smrta Compe n tei 
Bvopvan Thai 

I I2B4 -1.1 841 
1 215.7# -64 210 
I 29&9 -7.1 299 

1*00# -8.1 143 

*114* -6J a*i 
2BS3 -12 157 
2165# -04 1.79 

2412 -2J 055 

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taaagoa 02 2UH 

Ml 221 B2S2 

Hignar Ire Aecan 2353 2502# -35 am 
bo inema 180* zm 4# -25 soa 


TO Bn 44232aMary#t-W, Lcxidai 6C3P3AJ 
01-823 9333 

MM/Fned Accun 1023 1075 
Do Incoma 875 922 

N8l Anar TW Accun 1355 1*44# -*0.1 022 

Far Bui t« accus i3is 1405# 
Euro Ta Accun 1442 1585 

Oararal Trus 2245 2385 

Md> mom 53.1 57.04 -15 848 

N Anar Tnat 1094 I 1&4 *-14 052 

Raowwy 1969 2095# +44 233 

Ob That 414 425# -05 858 

sr vtaomt he an esj -a? 549 

S< Vtecen US Oft 782 79.4 +0.1 075 

Tampla Bar 9m Co’* ISIS 1755 .. 820 

-27 152 
-35 152 
-08 454 
-03 444 
-07 433 


+03 1.19 

Saw Ore 

1062 1155 +04 351 

2435 2604 *13 059 

203-1 2185# -27 1.19 

Sated ba a naUuwal 
Sraaiar Co * me 
amctel seasons 
uk £u*y 
US. Gmail 

1545 165.5 
707 795# 
1555 1684 
937 1002 
T772 1895 
727 77.7 
795 845B 

-32 281 
-15 1.72 
-U 415 
*07 154 
-84 Z52 
*02 153 
-15 158 

48. Gracachuth St, EC3P 3HH 
91-623 4200 Ed 289 

Eoter crtea Ho rae, Pertrtncutti 
0705 827733 - 


Do Ham* 

ms nz5# 
875 885# 
84V Wt 5# 
BJ4 863 
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-29 7.78 
-12 140 
-42 150 
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-32 OU k. 

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1. Laurence Rodney NO. London EC4R OBA 

01-623 4860 

American Rmo 74J 797 '*05 028 

CapftU Fund 1075 1150 -1.4 8*0 

income R«1 79J B42 -12 451 

Far Eastern Fund 684 73* -2* 035 

Ouwsans hem 845 69.0 - 1.1 393 

Fixed ireerasj 60* 6* 6 -03 S 0* 

3517 8795 +077 2*7 

Prateer UT Adrnh. 5. Raytelgh no. erentu 

0277 217918 

Rxed Interest 
N ararar Res Fird 
aropssn harm 

382 *07 +02 454 
735 793 +05 214 


190. West Georgs SL Ola ago- G2 3>A 

041-332 3132 

Hambros SnSb Co * 1261 1342 
Hnnlaai N Anwr 682 728# 
HanOras Jap 4 F £ 1045 1115# 
Hnnarea Scandwi 792 6*3 
-riamtxos B j o g aai 882 B35# 
Hameraa Cnrmdten 467 615 
Hawra Bcuty tec 825 875# 
Hartra tec 58 1 818 
Hmtras Rta Asm 58i 39.7 

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-05 041 
-82 0-40 
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-12 450 
-0.1 558 
-05 257 

Paten ted Grti tec 
Do Atzum 
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Sanrica Go’s tec 
Do Aoeian 

415 445a -15 1.70 

425 452a -15 .. 
412 435 -12 850 

421 445 -12 .. 

*37 465# -15 150 
442 475# -15 .. 

Htrar wafle, T orttridea. TOO IDT 
0732 362222 

Amartcaii 975 11144 

Aow EqiAy horn 307 32S# 
Anwr 3 m on Efts 513 549# 
Fw Evt tee 30 8 324c 

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Growth 8 Incan* 985 1055 

Japnn Eoaaal 3«s 33.0 386 

Jaoar TnM 1087 1163 

Managed tel Ts 1295 1361 

Uu ton EaiAty 744 BOO 
Protesters* G »1 310 352 

SouBi East AM T« 266 273 
SDaed Ska 1549 1665 

-05 051 
+61 446 

-02 0J6 

-15 406 
-61 672 
-61 42S 
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-61 . 
-25 609 
+15 4 81 
-6* 227 
-14 067 
+15 067 


& Cranny Sq. London EC3A BAN 
01-638 5858 

Airman E xem p t S3M-0 3667# -832 153 
Japan E»ampt E3S65 3894 +1292 1 11 
Am Properly TW 1107894 -60 5 00 

Property Treat 130330 • ..625 

PrertM UT ACrrtnKbason 5, RayteWt Rtf. Hutton 

j teg ap era 8 Malay 
Nam AfflwBtei 
4-nar Smaller Co* 


+03 057 
♦02 057 
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-65 155. 
-15 1111 . 
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-61 856 
-63 696 
-64 644. 
-05 644 
-24 451 
-62 4 SI 
-68 081; 
-64 051 
-23 610 
+63 129 
+45 >29 
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-14 045 
-14 040 
-67 027 
-85 627 
*08 0.14 
-35 348 
-45 358 
.. 273 
-68 126 
-4.7 324 

Tednotooy 48* 116 

world hem 53.4 57. D# 

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EitellyE ifl 8J.0‘ 8850 

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+02 L79 
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-64 UH 
435 054 
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-05 359 
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-14 T4B 
■21 159 


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n-aa 1250 

Anwrican Groarth 460 -428 - +01 076 
OteTOBl Growth 525 OB -15 222 

Ootat TteA . 435 4&6# -05 610 

hem Qroartr B02 641 -13 680 

Incm Monday *SS 523# -05 757 

Japan Orowtlt . 360 885# -14 018 

O’ sea* Growdi 422 463# -05 153 

Smafev Go* SOO 684# -63 290 

SpflcteLOnn 667 711 .. 277 

26 St Andnws So 
031-586 9101 . 

-mt mem Unto 
Do Accun • 

149.1 1561# -15 328 
2215 2368# -12 32B 




■>. -» 1 1 

9xndQBrFuW 868 G84# +05 030 

romr nbm. as. Khgnray. unbm WSS 

01-405 6331 

Ctewi Emery 45 si i -*6 75i 
815 B2 -05 834 
Qre 'wte . HJ 9U -05 229 

Last Thursday of momh. 

wrW r>g tfay of montti. (32] ZOtti _ 

<3^ la day of Fedruary. May. AuguP- 




Vo> *--*v 
»' v ::--“ 7 >o« 

v. K -* V S 

v *„•, /• . .♦- 

■ • i- '"'■_ ... ■ ". ..»■'■:■» ' '4. ■■'■- ^..v' 

■ :■■;■: - ■ -- •- ••:•. v’v, i'V.V'-v‘ 

^.v:- •■•^. ■■■■;■'. - 

v..V', '.v-^ • 



• r-- •■; :-: V^i 

compatible. So you have immediate 
access to the world’s largest library of 
business software. 

And that’s not to be sniffed at. 

For further information, 
and your complimentary copy of the 
48 page Access Software magazine, 
send off the coupon or phone Tandon 
on 0527 46800. 

You might well shed a tear. 

The IBM PCXT costs over 30% 
Lore than the new Tandon PCX10. 

And to add insult to injury, the 
andon is by far the better computer. 

It has greater expandability and 
larger monitor. 

Like every machine from our 
, the £1,595 PCX10 is IBM 

Please send me theTandon Information Pack 
which includes my complimentary copy of the 
Access Software magazine and details of how 
to obtain my FREE subscription. 

Tandon (UK) Ltd.. Freepost, Redditch. B97 4BR. 


trade marks of International Business. Machines Corporation. Prices quoted are typical retail prices and exclude VAT. Prices correct at time of going to press. 

rfiNAivv-fc. AlS u ii\L/«jC5 1 k ’i 

i inc. i lm£S i ujlSu'Ai »tA i >U i>oo 


Equities make headway 

ACCOUNT DAYS: Dealings began May 12. Dealings end May 30. §Contango day June 2. Settlement day June 9. 
§ Forward bargains are permitted on two previous business days. 

Q Times S nv pt p tw ti mlftd 


Claims required for 
+60 points 

Claimants shonld ring 025+53272 



Rcyi Br* CM Scot 


a . 1*3 

46 90 


• S'* 



*■. 19 2 

IS 129 



Srvui Si audwi 



57 4 6 



Suna Chart 



5 5 93 


61 1 



-S 51 9 

7 1 74.8 


. *3'. 

Weue Fargo 

£57 ■ 





. 71 

27 185 


I . . 13 6 

-5 21.11 




Butfner IM PI 
BwttmwOOO Brew 
Kart (Matthew) 
Dmnn (J Al 
Greene* WMCHy 
Greme King 

Hardy* t Haram 
rtqroend Obti 

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SA arewmea 

Sea S Ne* 



wrwunaa A' 

Da B 

Whvbrud irw 

WOvrwnW’ & O 

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Aberdeen Conte 252 

Amec 270 

A.netee SC 

Aswoads «S8 

BPS Industries <68 
Beoaemge Sncfc 355 
Barren De»s i<0 

Baa«*i3sn) Canon 23 

Seaway ’86 

Seruaio Concrete 79 
Ben Bios 63 

BtOcMep 935 

Bhre Oett 658 

BreecorWSDouJ H* 263 

K4 AS 90 
157 S3 146 
Of 02 8£ 
SI 39 14 S 
116 25 18 6 

102 19 128 

103 7A . . 

. B .. 34 

10.0 60 187 

44 6 8 336 

4 4 6.4 194 

371 4 0 124 

30 0 40 94 

140 5 4 249 

5 1 38 19.4 

Please be sure to take account 
of any minus signs 

+ 1 


5/4 14 7 



Brown S Jackson 







55 78 





4.1 151 





368 1.7 










Conner Grp 








<7 8.4 






20 112 



Crouch iDereki 


B 5 

6 5 9.4 





91 114 



DOu^as (RMJ 



28 1&0 






50 175 









Do A' 


4 2 

70 73 






9.0 S3 4 






66 143 



Gets 4 Dancy Old 131 


20 36 3 



QeuiOn |MJ| 


• . 


21 127 







53 10 6 



Hekcol Bar 


.. 637 







34 125 



Heywooa vytkamg 



45 139 





19 4 

34 12.7 



tarawi Jcrrsen 



G 9 

39 129 



Jar ns Ut A Sons 



75 113 




10 0 

23 122 

44 f 


Do A 


23 121 





5.4 7 6 




• .. 


75 94 



LWW \1 M 



24 14.6 


Mag nei 6 Soun 

16 4 



4 1 17 0 







46 153 



Marshall] |HaMaxi 


7 IB 

4 1 110 

318 238 
243 183 
57 37 

725 149 
3S2 203 
3,4 2S0 
225 140 
79 W 
700 155 
51 29 . 

365 ?er 

90 40 

212 163 

445 345 

85 46 

62 42 

337 237 
Ml 295 
253 IM 
156 122 
53 25 

218 156 
160 90 

114 88 

1E3 115 
373 278 
243 175 
165 85 

323 233 
20l 1’4 

433 270 
433 350 

86 54 
250 150 

58 33 

65 54 

290 S*IV 

107 51 

49 23 

577 383 
32 13 

ISA'. 133 

IT 1 14V 

195 160 
160 120 
216 152 

24 V 15V 

158 113 
45 22 

234 160 
353 158 
615 44j 
118 74 

54 31'. 

158 56 
216 158 
134 84 

16k. 13V 
223 170 
125 70 

529 374 
360 225 

384 206 
273 2 IJ 

385 246 
190 118 
450 320 
315 225 

108 54 
■ 103 80 

285 230 

Camomge Etac 278 

CAP op 208 

enema* 47 

Do 1A CPF 193 

Comc«) 333 

Oat Eton 313 

CniUM 213 

Cks EVJ 74 

Deraeerv 185 

i DwrtOiAS! A" 51 

Domna 350 

Dowling * M*S <0 

DuMer 176 

EltnoMinMni 396 
EJecrron*: fesen 78 

Bearerae Rental 57 
Emeas bgnBng 337 

Euroffr arm 315 

Faroe* EM 1» 

Ferrann 124 

FOwanJ TbOI 49 

OEC 168 

Qanrsa 155 

Hwniam EM 100 

ra. ns 

|nt Sgnal 6 C09M283 
JOtaS Stroud 215 

K00B 165 

Lac Rdbigereton 290 
Loraea 187 

MK Em 375 

Memec 350 

Pan BS 68 

Micro Focus 240 

Mamom Em 48 

Morn EJBCI 54 

Newtnanr | Louts 1 290 

NS 100 

Ocscracs 23 

0 « lor a I nsi i ur t rr q 4S9 
Praam 20 

Pn*ps Fin S’.’k £151 

P»4p» Lsmca ft IV 174 v 
Pita) 165 

Do *■ ud voting i3S 
Ptosey 225 

Do ADA 25 £22 

P-HSMC 1 1B 

duos Aunnauar 27 
Ratal EM 208 

RatMte 348 

SdvMs (GH) 595 
Sharrosk 183 

Sauna Dritusan 40 
SIC 146 

Stone Ml 172 

S.otem Desgneni 108 

Ttaepnon* Rentals 213 

TaMnatrix to 

TW»n EM) 454 

TWorpe (FW) 215 
Turaett 370 

U£l 268 

Lemocti 233 

Old Laasmg 285 
ub Scwnrtc 128 
VG Mssunenti <38 
Vote 293 

wettBtn SeMfem 98 
WWWdrth EMct 80 
wnoauia Rang 280 



410 6 1 




410 4J) 



416 7.9 

570 356 
85 32 

98 S3. 

425 331 
61 40 

Cooson (FI 

Ccurtnev Pope 
Cowan Da Qrool 






216V 168*. 

Camoara 3J.V 




207V DPCE 


208 Deigety 
189 tea 


• .. 



Oates 8 M« -A* 





Davre* 6 Hewitei 















240 188 Detent, Stmptog 
315 158 Demote 
19b 17V ttmos Mott 
371 263 Dptate 
98 B3 Dobson Put 
110 BB Dcxn 

• -1 


38 ’2-8 


Domnpi tat 



13 1*4 




03 .. 





5.0 <02 


Dyson I3SJ) 





43 344 
6.4 108 



Do A' 



14 194 


• ♦2 


28 164 






m m 


7.1 no 




74 78 




.. 1 



64 214 




74 18.7 

1.4a 08 18 1 
14 6 55 125 
43 1iZ70 

0.7 1.1 104 

»*a . e 

-2 4 0 e 


-3 11 


.. 575 

75 4S 90 

75 58 74 

«8 66 29 i&0 

-2 31 28 172 


42 43 21 132 

• .. 71 HO 188 

.. 31.4 53 134 

27 26 132 

♦V 05 16 7 B 

42 .. ..138 

65 33 10 8 

0.8 06 28.7 

• -2 100 4> 155 

-2 26 36 40 

-3 25.0 56 152 

.. 61 28 107 

24 08 214- 

• 42 79 30 186 

86 18 125 

56 IS 98 

-2 8 5 B3 10 6 

-5 3 6 09 266 

114 19 122 
.. 46 <5 225 

22 28 122 

96 36 113 


McAfcane t Alfred 415 

Meyer mt 240 

Mfeer (Stvtoyl 24 

Monk |A1 114 

Mnw i jam) 372 

IMxvnwl 870 

Wotewy ie m Bnek 210 

Persenman 218 

Pnoena Tvooer 91 

Pocnms 370 

RUC 634 

Regard 418 

Roberts Atfard 245 

Ruoarad 295 

Ru^CenM m 

Sharpe 8 Fisher UK 

Swan vl) 79 

Tannac 462 

Tavta Woodrow 610 

TlUJury Gioup 146 

Trans 6 Arnold 398 

Tram 84 

Tuit.H 145 

uoroam 294 

Wans 256 

Warrington |T) 72 

Wans kite 188 

Wenem Bros 78 

MSn“iCowx*v) 472 

Wenoey (Goagei 179 

5 4* 46 .. 
17.9 4 3 13 4 

7 7 12 112 

14 56 .. 

93 12 154 

2290 82 112 
15 7 U 17.4 
96 4 4 157 

75 34 122 

43 4.7 34 

184 SO 82 
200 12 140 
155 3 7 156 
10.0 4.1 293 
123 42 10l5 

91 54 115 

1466 4.1 124 
33 J 1 163 
62 7 5 167 

114 29 164 

216 46 124 
78 52 10.7 
122 II 139 
1.6 19 10.1 

100 6.9 15 9 
134 46 129 

104 4.1 14 5 

14 19 82 

66 15 123 
Ml 19 15.8 

5>" 12 188 
54 10 11.9 



48 36': 

195 160 
383 291 
241 180 
158 106 
111 76'.- 

128 102 
168 112 
95 S7V 
136 B£ 
285 245 
180 138 
142 112 
20 15 

163 177 
131 100 
245 172 
298 215 
160 113 
453 330 
101 '« 79 
10 734 
410 333 
118 HE 
225 179 
85 62 

178 134V 
330 216 
68 38 

213 1ST 
126 67 

A KIO N/V Baarsr 
AMI Gouda 

Ancuor Cnerncai 

Bayer DM50 
Biel Cltems 
Br Benzol 
Canning (WJ 
Coatu ftos 
Do A' 

Cory (HcracU 
Do Did 

Bte & Evorard 
Hatawsa Mamed 


Hoecnai dm 50 
WO Cnam |na 
La oerte 


Reaain* tflUgs 
SutoNfa 5pMiiTnan 
Wohlennqlma ftnlr 

Yortsfwa CMm 






















































r 63'. 




























<33 32B Grand Met 395 . . 115 

286 208 Kennedy Brookes 225 2.1 

391 H2 LJdoroka X0 44 i61 

545 447 Lon Pam Hotels 520 • . . 14J 

100 78V Mourn Ctartjne TTi •♦'» 2J3 

105 67 Pmn Ot W HaOts 75 II 

79 58’: Omens Moat 66'. *'j 23 

406 372'.- Savoy Hoete 'A' 373 5.0 

81 56 Salas 68 -1 IS 

Kfl 146 Timmcusa Fo» ISO +2 7S 

233 176 Anff* TV A' 
48 27 Gramoan 

240 176 HTV N/V 
355 263 LWT HM93 
348 188 Swt TV W 
233 153 TVS N/V 
43 31 TSW 


55 160 


60 66 


11 4 

54 97 



&0 1<2 



4 3 ’09 


49 119 


86 704 , 





2.9* 4 0 112 
. 25 33 157 

*3 2 4 1 3 33 J 

113 33 105 

*2 9 3 3 1 162 

3 64 13 _ 

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SI 9 














■ ♦4 






























• ■ 


36 17 

274 214 
99 55 

90 -3 

518 373 
128 103 
195 110 
13Z 94 

164 137 

*54 13J 
164 101 
52 29 

136 75 

153 103 
HO 703 
S3V 32 
303 180 
149 S3'. 

*94 388 
33'. 28V 
262 188 
41 30 

326 228 
225 183 
19* 128 
153 71 

116 96 

190 85 

61 43 

508 3*5 
500 354 
115 98 
238 170 
98 75 

210 *53 

220 183 

230 ISO 

122 90 

43 12 

221 180 
487 349 
195 115 
250 208 
535 380 
C3 U 

6 V 5V 
95 64 

165 121 
110 9t 
277 89 
273 132 Ti 
333 203 Ti 
3*9 2 W ' 

743 200 
195 124 1 
22 9 V Tramo 

» 58 Tnafus 
124 78 Incur 

231 75 Toner 

11 1 22 117 

2.1 33354 

4 8 4.7 152 
119 32 128 

32 42295 

IB 4.1 118 
lit 59 102 
376 2.1 . . 
0.7a 1 8 . 

13 08 42 2 
17.9 68 102 

32 s.'i :: 
143 72 03 

63 53 92 

423 46 116 
83 41 112 
9 3 41 129 
TO.* 1* 129 

261 95 

125 75 

17 13V 

6BV 56V 
252 £12 
540 293 

130 ice 
195 123 
204*. 137 
19S 118 
155 128 
348 12D 
202 156 
135 69 

198 161 
375 239 
154 88 

231 183 
31V 14 V 

no 55 

118 78 

296 210 
104 82 

263 177 
188 137 
740 395 
180 120 



Unlever (NV) 



vent Products 

Wagon tad 

waSwti G 

Mteenan Reave 

71 30 11-2 
18 I 6 227 
552 15 <X9 

6.7 in iij 

*2 1B6 40 134 

*6 68 61 151 

.1 « 5b 31 248 


*1 11 I 

598 Wosasey 

84 58 Wood (ArffkoJ 

44 26 Wood (SWI __ 

93 43V WoaOiouM & S » 

89 76 Wynaism Eng 
830 503 farrow 
778 135 Voting pfl 



-S 35 
»<2 79 

.. 96 

.10 17.10 
-2 86 
.. 150b 

42 36 

1 4B 

.. 36 

>8 2.60 
r 200 200 
1-3 47 



225 188 
28‘. 22 
28V 23 
290 233 
917 802 
335 228 
301 235 
<31 213 
954 7D1 
954 720 
708 594 

349 287 
839 EC 
BS? 717 
420 281 
38’* 29*. 
285 228 
303 223 
141. 12 
989 754 
<50 36i 
967 789 
<20 338 
<24 346 
445 400 
772 520 
327 772 
575 360 
474 399 

Abbey LHa 

Ate * Aie* 

Am Gan 
Cam Umon 
Sauty 6 Lew 

Gan Accident 

HmO) C E 
Horn Roonaon 
LopS 8 Gan 
Lcndar 6 Men 
Lon Utd tav 
Menu 8 McLen 


Suge fugs 
5un ABance 
Stei LM 
Trade indemnity 
was Fafw 



4.9 .. 


4 2 .. 


18 . 


28 195 



5.2 .- 


54 .. 


18 .. 




19 205 


49 243 



ifl 90 



4J 14.0 


35 0 

48 31 1 


47 2a* 



55 103 


5 .7 .. 



59 9.1 

48 31 

166 127 
107 80 

J95 325 

‘S ^ 

37 26'.- 

274 183 
70 51 

258 190 
MO 190 
193 12S 
50 30 

580 556 
22* 81 
133 753 

BortnwiCk « 

CH*mgton 143 

Fvtty Mamas) «: 

Harmon CraafOd 776 

maxapa 350 

jacks |Wm» 33'.- 

Lonmo 252 

Ocaan WHO) » 

R M en o n Zoot 2i0 

00 A 211 

Pot/y Peck 193 

Stare Dirby 35 

Stew Bros 560 

TtMMr ifernst** 16S 

Yifie Cam 178 

9^)' TOO 7S1g 

*1 S3 73 38 

-a as; 

» 2S0 7a'2ij 

* ■■ 16 48125 

.. ISA 82 124 

. 42 ui; 

v2 96 41 An 
*3 88 41 |a 

♦5 7A M 17 

*-10 229 4*1 125 
—5 *589 

-4 780 U TSA 


280 *+ao 


612 -10 


912 -A 

3*0 -3 

387 »*3 


682 -« 

SI - io 


12SD *6 350 
523 49 . 

37.10 4.8 518 




Barr 8 W A A' 


• . . 


88 85 





B0OMV & Hawke* 
Brert Waiter 




. . 1 


.. 311 

09 9-8 






10 125 



OT stall 





Fan Lemn 



28 17.1 

62V 49 



.. 45. B 



Manttagr Brooks 
Hanoi Travel 




.. 444 
54 08 



W Larsaa 




JiOtana'e >*te 












Rwtay Use Hi 


IB 1 



R*ey Lteure 




.. 234 




Sega HoGdan 
Sta>uKon Gp 



38 147 

1 2 .. 


Tocayvoin Hotspur 




93 18.1 





17 14, 



Apron Mead 



17 224 



Ancon lit 


33 157 



♦ 1 


37 138 


AOr 6 WOorp 






4.1 714 



23 154 




• «4‘ 

17.1b 81 21 J) 





Do R?V 







<5 386 



• »3 






10 279 





55 ion 




Cropper (James) 











2.1 173 



Eucalyptus Pop 



25 63 





Ferguson Ind 
Fitch Dopgn 






42 I7£ 



Geers Gross 



81 18> 






,0 213 



Coed Remora 










3* 72 



Lowe H-S C-E 










45 180 ^ 



Mora DFsom 


• .. 


52 164 #« 


NOHOl Ops* 




41 12.7 










St Ives Gp 







Soatciu 8 Eaetcfn 





Do 6JV Cnv Prl 121 



74 . 



Smwfit (JStfl 







Usner Walker 


• ♦2 


4.7 99 





.. 1»0 



VkwJdrtjwn U> 




*5 13* 







35 190 



w^n Caine 



10 *05 



V 22 





15 202 





13 273 







14 89- 





6.46 3.7 80 






3 6b 5^ 8.7 



Lee (Amur) 



*5 69 





.. 185 





, , 


40 105 







5, SO 



Uord (T9fl 



67 183 



ax** m 



62 1Q.I 




G7 140 



Do Dtt 





Lon 8 Wn 




102 64 



Lon tafl 




29 217 



Longcon tad 




20 275 



Low 8 Berov 




33 135 



ML Hdgs 


11.16 15 210 






02 142 


-• 32 

MY Dan 


10 U5 



Moratory] phene 



17 182 






24 195 



MacJeton [PSW) 



61 90 







63 ,1.7 






40 92 



Uanavrtwr SrtO 



13 21 2 



Manganese Dome 74 



S3 87 




119 V 


45 219 







20 90 



MeittiM (Lottoyl 




68 89 



Mtattiol, Unr» 


• .. 


40 190 






1.8 213 



M«as Sax 




56 105 



Mate Ctaun 




50 27.1 






19 137 



Mechel Com 


♦ V 


81 70 



Mdcnel Somea 




4.4 21 0 , 






62 95 



Morgan Cracfik* 



*0 211 



moss (RooertJ 



14 145 







63 167 



Ntta (j) 




57 84 



Newman mds 



29 578 



Hew men Tanks 



70 105 






17 573 







50 119 



On*x Sea Mecn 



50 99 



(taker Know 'A' 






p«i» Piece 



18 288 



Psm*fi JT 





















47 129 



Pw^ano Ind 


• -5 




Ptato- Me 









Matte Caras 










Pater ChBOOiXTi 



05 .. 





MteM Duffiyn 

PresrmcH HkMi 






77 161 



Pmcnartt Sov 






. , 


27 253 





Redanr Metal 



23 .. 



Rank Qrg 





Rjnscme Sh 





Ren*fi (GJ Bndc« 125 





Reaai 1 Cairoen 

• -1 





RMleem Glass 



13 135 



Reed Fuwreui 



10 215 



Raea tm 








40 130 







1 * 10.7 






65 US 








♦ IV 



RJceriJo Eng 




19 164 



Retard (Lees) 


■ .. 


67 7.4 



Ranargson west 




Robertson Res 





Robinson {Thoms* 













• .. 

• . . 



87 93 

II . 











Russefl (A) 



1 9 582 







04 813 



Atea La> 














63 B6 







££ ill 






27 219 



Br Land 








1 ft* 



*9 IM 



Card iA) BSois 
Cab & CtMObM 


30 2i.\ 






Centtf Pmo 



1.7 . 






49 155 






40 ,60 





257D 30 IIS 



Clarke KkSioBs 


• .. 


63 275 






14 240 



Control Secs 





Country 8 New 




18 836 



County -B" 



12 63 






30 544 






30 129 



Oaon Dev 








87 47 Egertoi 

120 110 Estates Gan 
183 140 Estate, Prop 
ill 83 Evans Q> Lead, 
a 43'.- fits Data 
201 T70 Fnagma e 
IBB 146 Gr Portend 
280 202 Gmycoet 

iav it'. Hauaod Go 

495 <33 Harmenan 
465 425 DO 'A 

315 273 Latag Prap 
74V 54 Lend Investor* 
332 276 Land Securmo, 
740 430 Lai 8 Etta) TsJ 
237 147 Do B’3% 

288 21 B LOn 8 Prov Shop 
171 153 Lon Shop tap 
320 288 Lyraon 
380 275 MEPC 

126 B0 MCkierney 

118 105 McKay Sec* 

58 48 UakheaHi 
168 125 Menvtta Moore 

Manor ES 

850 5)0 Mamtogn 
sn 684 Moamew 
70S 82 Muck law (A&j) 

20 19 Mimeoal 

75 73 New CavendMi 
83 43 PMdM 
280 255 Paactrey 
17 9V nwt Manors 
196 178 Prop 1 R»r 
134 107 Plop HkJgs 
123 108 Prop Seoadji 
9V 8'* Raglan 
54G 320 Regain 

16': 11': Zambta Coppar 

SB 40 Zanapm 




















. . 

. . 



8 2 

88 79 Sea MM 
175 142 Staugti Estate 
440 260 Speyfiew*. 

172 144 Stand Sacs 
7« 505 Stock Conversion 
88 66 StocWey 

5T <s Town Centre 
200 138 TnrtftxQ Park 
1AB 95 UK Land 
605 525 Utd Real 
850 675 Warner 
545 475 Warmotd 
2B 17 V WMbUcB) 

170 142 West SCoiaWy 

36 11 239 
. . Ill 75 141 
+2 59 45 13 B 

101 54 116 
*2 10.0 6.4 274 

11 12 722 

•♦tav lift £1 xu 

• ♦17V 135 ll 296 

4.6 2.1 269 
■*6 14.0 45119 

. . 7 7 25 35.7 

13 1.4 914 
.. 100 12 156 

* » 1.7 25 42J 

*6 140 4.4 201 

• . . 1230 29 206 

-2 93 43 

57 21222 
+1 7.6 49 TB6 

06 27 402 

+3 ISO 44 215 

49 42 201 
.. lip 65 217 
. . 3.8 23 153 

.. 09 12394 

43* 123444 
.. 10.7 132 4.4“ 

5.4 1.1115 

• -1 74 75 152 

. 173 09 3B2 

.. 1.7 23 330 

.. 2.10 43 208 

.. 12.1 4A34J 

*1 52 12 325 

.. 39 39314 

360 USA 
01 12 . 

+5 52 1 0 403 

r-5 1.10 02 . 

109 4.rn 7 

• ♦1 89 39 383 

59 69 200 

7.9 49 185 
138 33 217 
59 14 195 
♦5 12.1 12 332 

• 1.4 2 B 289 

.. 189 7.1 ISA 

209 34 2M 
279 33305 
20 4SUf 

07 26 871 
11.4 6.7 97 


189 139 
141 78 

141 70V 

41 24V 

AE 144 

APBtayard 123 

Armseuns 119 

BSG 34V 

Bkenet Ekoe 
Bramal |CO) 378 

Br Aeiosoocn 538 

» Car Aucnora 129 

BL 39 

Cettyn, 198 

Cowe (T) 165 

Dan, fGoofrey) H7 

ERF 48 

FR GtOW) 364 

Ford MOW 250 

Gates (Frank 00 so 

General Mow 2*8 

CSmhekl Lew ranee 85 
Group Lotus (40 

Hanwete 97 

Honda Motor 454 

Jaguv 470 

Jessup* )26 

nermmg Motor 215 

hwik-Ftf 90 

Lte 372 

Luc* ere 123 

Lucas 558 

Pemr gp 139 

PunQonS (G81 81 

Oieck |HJ) 70 

5wn 59 

Woocread (Jonoai 51 

9-1 71 49 100 

-3 7.1 S B 5.7 

I ■ . 22 1.B158 

»-V 1.B f 49 93 

-6 li'l 49 74 

.. £2.6 4.3 11.1 

-1 99 19 142 

64 32 " 

-1 5 0 39 7 7 

.. 57 49 149 

+9 73 36 166 

-1 .. T0B 

*-1 S3 1 5 £03 

-8 7.0 38 

43 54 97 

► -« 25.0 10.1 .. 

!| si 

-3 18 19 123 

-7 39 08 . 

• l£3 £9 9 7 

* 6.1 4 8 9.5 

-12 93 34 72 1 

* ■ . 3 0 13 120 

‘2 'SI 21 1 

-3 70 57 73 

*2 157 29 ,,9 

64 4 6 129 

6* 79110 

41 59 74 

-1 3-1 53 11 J 

825 374 
398 298 
368 276 
W 65 
603 480 
72 54V 

12', 7'* 
39 26 
210 180 
570 428 

105 as 
390 360 


Aaeoc Br Pom 563 +5 

Ek Cammomvettth 300 -2 

CaWonta Z7B +2 

gna games) 68 • .. 

frag 510 

Jacobs yi) 72 +1 

JJroy Docks 37V 
Ocaan Transport 193 *8 

P iO Dfd SS8 *6 

fttaOrryn (Watej « 

Turnbitt Sort 390 

143 IS 17o 
&1 22 81 A 

« r ;' ku 

. . ^ . * 1 A 

93 49 -87 
229 43111 
7.1 74 61 

129 33 32.1 


360 290 PH 32s 

36 K Haaotam Sro 36 

218 168 Umbart HovMi 2B3 

i ?2 ^ 4 fWwn W 

114 8z PtBara f 14 

273 159 Sryto 218 



ASSOC Book 199 

amoc remaov £83 
BUlMCl 3® 

Brant 585 

Cc«m (Wm) *80 

□r « ®5 

EMAP A 145 

Haynes ftjbfaMng 335 
Home Cournaa 181 
taMendant 270 

tnc Tpomaoi 504 
Non tatematwtal £13'< 
Onsoue 5B0 

PORlnioiAh Send 126 
Trk-tv tap 4Q8 

IM l l e r . aoepwj 3*3 

80 11 *14 

61 23 14 4 

IO 4 7 1U 
V 56 219 

IM 23 21 « 

♦2 11.1 31 189 

■ ■ *1 M 21 5 

_ ■ ■ 70.0 ejJ 175 

• .. 10.0 &2 89 

-6 120 4.4 .. 

-3 J<0 28 159 

MO l.l .. 

•• 36 17 . 

--3 2 ?j Siif? 

-• 229 67 13.7 

308 2D6V 
£00 135 
1*0 97 

184 86 

144 123 
82 60 
74'. 53V 
315 190 
148 74 

276 198 

57 42 

378 234 

154 114 

SO 25 

110 89 

113 u 

38 33 

107 so 
90 56 

170 138 
77 04 
93 91 

25 7i 
22 10 
158 9* 

* 1 ', 30 

155 log 

3* 25", 

182 ,33 
68 48 

117 67 

IS? 95 

205 BS 
102 75V 

340 235 

A ten Tent 
*Mk B.00 

Beckman (A) 

Buhner & Lixnb 
Cta-wor y) 

Dtata fDf 
Don Bite 
Dura hM 
Pawn UoM 
°Mka« ar oa tanom 
Pam e on tt 
0 teak» 
■mrone i5) 




Snuunew JR, 
Srroud Rom 

Tytead aaroer 

93 19A7 

1*3 0.1 iff 


-8 8J * 0 ™B 
U jlslt 
U l4‘7A 
IM 79 -Sf 
6.4 99269 

an 39 1*5 

81 SI** 
5fl iJ 

82 84®| 

89 6 A If? 

7.1 88 *« 

69 37^ 



7a h 7J »a 

19 23 »» 

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89 Sfl»« 

8 8 & 

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Clam snfi ifevey !5ff May '3® 

The Board ol Directors 



^"dW AG. F'rrMi.' ^na DusseWwf. 

n HelCnnc i <*>?*:*■ **?■*&<*■ 

m lino uk at *»*«***" Sp^sse, AG. Wemw, 

a 3 «c-*mi« Ce l:S ";>vo. 
tii Soc-jnricsCe UC . ‘Mi* 

In Switzerland 

Cr«ri Suisse lunch and ns trancn offices. 

Swrcs S^"i- Cort»f.J!icr Ease a "£ as trorroh offices. 

Onion Bant, cf Swiaerfsnc 2uncfi and Js branch offices. 

Swiss Voitsbgnk. Sen and its &rar;f> offices. 

Bant Leu Uo . Zuncr. ana .ts branch offices aitri ___„:„ 

eanaue Cantus* V5u35!se U csafwe. ana its trance offices and agencies. 
Zircfter Kanltmaiiank, Zjncr. ar.i its branch otnres. 

Berner Kanionaicanr . Eerrv and its crunch offices, 

Su^er Kawonaioanir. Zuc and its branch cfnees 
Bancue de I Eun Oc ^ricurg Fnbcurg and its agencies. 

' flams l Cic. Genew*. 

Lombard. Odier 1 C*. Geneva. 

Piciei £ C*6. Genp-2 _ „ . 

Kandeicoank N w. Cunc-i. and ns brarch orr.ce*. 

In Enatontf. 

Swiss Bark Ctrerraiio' 1 . London. 

Credit Suisse. Lmaon. 

Union tens 01 Sw.-tter-arvi. L«W".. 

l" nw WHIM! Stews of Americe: 

Mrgan Gudranry Ti.sf Cc.Tnw*V & N «* Y0 ' h - New ™ rit ' 

Credi! Suftu?. New Vem 

Swiss Sant- Cewaf on. New Vcrk 

Union Bank C4 Emceriana. Sfi* fern. 

Franco. ^ 

»d;i Ccwne*cioi de France^ Pans, 
none de Pane c; ses Rsys-Sas. Fans. 

per share certtBcots 












.' ThtecSrtlond is peysWoBjalnsldollvery of coupon Na 4 far bH bearer shares 

- and parrtdpeUon ceniflcsies. 

' On ine oin«r m-xi aH dhrtdands pavaWo on rogisienw share cartfflcaM 
wMtioul coupons will fc» Dtfd by ban* transfer to the shavaholddr's account 
o i by way of an nsslgrtmoni m accordance with the instructions received 

from ihe stiarencHder _ . 

7 he divioencs are payable in Swrss Francs. Outside Switzerland rainng 
■ Agents will cay agamst coupons and assignments m local currency el tne 
rale ol e»cnange prevailing cn the day of oresenifliion: bank transfers will 
be enected value ZCrh May 19BS m local currency al the rate of exchange 
prevailing cm mal daw ._ aa 

Coupon No 4 areJ assignment may be presented as from 20tfi May l9oo 
to Ihe l oH owing Pay mg Agents of the Company'; 

TO SELL MORE NAIL FI LES, HAVE THE 113,716 on the gloves could only be Marigold. And Our skill is management. Our yardstick is performance. 

RIGHT TOUCH IN RUBBER GLOVES ^ that makes those gloves successful? London Our commitment total. 

International Group pic. Lock at our brand-range.- Royal Worcester. Spode. Durex. 

In e years our pre-tax profit has trebled on turnover Marigold, Wrights, Vvix-d wards. Dura plug. Eucryl. CdourCare. 

up 70%. Liqufruta. Galloways. Gem American Nail Files. 

If you are concerned with consumer products and See how we are spreading around the world Companies 

services, in Britain or internationally, you need to know what in lb countries, sales in 150 More to come Of course, 

sort of results we are achieving at London International Keep your eye on us. London International Group pic 

Group And how. 20-2? Glasshouse Yard. London EC l a -jin 


w: Swiss federal tnfhho'dirg fa* 
of 35i> 




demand increases 



Dubilier Mr AJ. Lorenz j 
has been made a non-execu- ! 
tive director. 

Blackwood Hodge; Mr Bri- 
an Thompson has been ap- 
pointed chairman of the new 
subsidiary, BH Exports, with 
Mr Richard Haiahan director 
and general manager. 


;C0MPA:Ny:£.NEWs < : : : 


ty of Europe's small, indepen- 
dent lorry makers - including 
Lcyland Vehicles and Bed- 
tori and Enasa of Spain - 

• and ^htri^" inability to cope 
wnh nsing demand are hieh- 
hghted in a new report on the 
industry published today. 

. for such companies to rc- 

• main independent will prove 
“increasingly expensive'' and 
managements and owners wiU 
strive to repair the strategic 
weaknesses of their 

; companies. 

- DRI Europe, the forecasting 
-. group, says that Ley land - the 
. subject of recent abortive 

• takeover proposals by General 
; lylotors — has unusual depth 

• in its model range and superi- 
. br production facilities, but 

~the current narrowness of 
market opportunity is particu- 
larly frustrating". 

All three companies, the 
report says, are dependent on 
their domestic markets, where 
they face an import challenge. 

pressed by reduced oil produc- 
tion earnings. It adds that they 
could benefit from technologi- 
cal cooperation enabling them 
to reduce large research and 
devlopment costs. 

DRI believes that the weak- 
ness of these companies in 
European distribution and 
service makes them strategi- 
cally ill-equipped to capture 
the benefits of a rising demand 
for trucks in Europe that is 
now forecast. 

Steady expansion is predict- 
ed in all sectors, with the total 
demand for trucks in seven 
leading EEC markets rising 
from 1.117.000 last year to 
12! 14.000 in 1990. Production 
is expected to remain at last 
year's level of 1.343.000 for 
the next two years, and then 
rise to a 1990 figure of 

After a small decline in 
output this year, says DRI, 

1 987 will witness more general 
cheer, with exports having no 

Property bolsters 
Manchester Ship 

By Judith Huntley. Commercial Property Correspondent 

. The fate of the Manchester mance of the proDertv assei 

Ship Canal Company, which 
; i£ the subject of a contested 
takeover bid by Highams. a 
private property company, 
highlights the rise and fall of 
an essential part of Britain's 
Industrial mighL 
Manchester Ship's value 
now lies in its property assets, 
a far cry from the Canal's 
opening in 1S94 when it was a 
vital thoroughfare for trans- 
porting the wealth created in 
the North West 

• The company was hit by £4 

• million of severance costs in 

1-1985. turning in taxable loses 

pi 11.94 million for the year 
ending December 31 1985. 

'. Compared with a profit of 

■ £l.5S million the previous 

r The group's port showed a 

• loss of £1.6 million in 1985. a 
figure depressed by losses of 
£2 million on the upper 
reaches of the Canal. 

The only bright spot in the 
19X5 results was the perfor- 

mance of the property assets. 
These were revalued at £30.8 
million, compared with £5.8 
million in 1984 and there was 
a £1.2 million profit from the 
sale of land at Ellesmere Port. 

it is these property assets, as 
yet largely unexploited, which 
are the attraction in the Ship 
Canal Company. 

Highams, the private com- 
pany of Mr John Whittaker, 
the chairman of the successful 
retail warehouse developer. 
Peel Holdings, has been grad- 
ually building its stake in 
Manchester Ship to the point 
where a takeover bid was 

The property company has 
been talking to the Takeover 
Panel about the Ship Canal 
Company's complicated vot- 
ing structure, which could take 
some time to sort ouL 

Highams is offering 625p 
per share cash for the ordinary 
shares and 300!6p per prefer- 
ence share, the price at which 
it bought the latter. 

further contraction to make 
and better European demand 
feeding through. 

Stronger European econom- 
ic growth expected in the wake 
of the collapse of oil prices has , 
raised sales expectations in the •< 
commercial vehicle market. ! 
But the report gives a warning 
that the one-third or more of 
European truck output that is 
sold outside Western Europe 
is at risk. 

"The net benefit of the oil 
price change will prove to be 
in inverse proportion to the 
weight class of the vehicle 
sector in question. Light truck 
output will show an unambig- 
uous improvement; heavy 
truck output will momentarily 
fall as a further sharp cutback 
in exports occurs. 

“For the hard-hit medium 
and heavy-duty truck sector 
the impact of further Opec 
belt-tightening will be to halt 
the gradual recovery of output 
in its tracks." 

Following the rapid growth 
last year in the light commer- 
cial vehicle sector, DRI pre- 
dicts a more moderate 
expansion in the years ahead 
Medium and heavy vehicle 
demand is expected to go into 
a fourth year of improving 
volumes and by 1990 sales in 
the EEC should reach 208.000 

Richard Haiahan 

Food and Drink Federation; 
Mr Michael Mackenzie be- 
comes director-general next 

Merrill Lynch Relocation 
•Management International: 
Mr Nicholas Troilo has been 
appointed managing director 

Nicholas Troilo 

and Mr A.G. Hkkie becomes 
director of sales and mar- 

• KEMSLEY; The share offer 
has been accepted in respect ol 
27.332.112 Kenning Motor or- 
dinarv shares, includine 
12,600.000 owned by IEF 
Securities and 190,973 Kenning 
ordinary in respect of which the 
revised cash offer has been 
accepted. This represents 64.8 
per cem of existing capital ol 
Kenning-Ofiers have been de> 
c la red unconditional. They re- 
main open lor acceptance until 
further notice. 

Six-for-fivc rights issue pro- 
posed at 4 Ip per share, the bulk 
of which will be subscribed-Tor 
by a syndicate of investors led 
by York T rust There is to be a 
change in board cctniro!. 
Shareholders representing 60.6 
per cent of the capital have 
agreed to renounce their rights 
to new shares, all of which have 
been placed by York Trust and 
Capcl Cure Myers, the 
company's broker, so that an 
amount representing no more 
than 29.9 per cent of the 
enlarged capital (assuming 
rights are fully subscribed) will 
be subscribed by a syndicate of 
investors nominated by York 
Trust. A substantial proportion 
of these rights will be taken up 
by the West Yorkshire Enter- 
prise Board.Finai dividend oi 
Ip. making 2p for year to 
December 31 (3p). Figures in 
£000. Turnover 2.936 (3,336). 
Pretax profit 176 (203). 

Securities Group received 
acceptances for 78.080 City 
shares under Ihe share offer, and 
for 16.632 shares under the cash 
offer. The offer is extended until 
3pm on May 23. 

Results for six months to March 
31. Special interim dividend 4p 
per share. Figures in £000. 
Pretax profit 1365 1 1.31 7). 
Earnings per share I2.3p £5-7.1. 
The group says that the 79 per 
cent growth in pretax 

profitsrc fleets its continuing 

ETARY CO: The company and 
Adelaide Steamship Co have 
agreed that BHPwill file notices 
of discontinuance of the various 
Supreme Court proceedings in- 
stituted against Adelaide Steam- 
ship. certain of its subsidaries 
and Mr Spalvins. 

TION: Results for three months 
to March 31. Figures in 
S000.Nct loss 6.180 <131 in- 
come). Net loss per share $0.08 

(HOLDINGS): The company 
has agreed, subject to con- 
ditions. for a consortium of 
investors to subscribe £400.000 
for eight million new ordinary 
shares. Rights issue to raise 
£345.000 propooed- 

MINES: The company has filed 
a final short form prospectus in 
Canada, and a registration state- 
ment in the US. relating to the 
proposed public offering of 
three million treasury common 
shares. A total of 1.5 million 
shares will be ofTcred in Canada 
and outside the US at CS2U and 
a further 1.5 million shares will 
be offered at Si 4.50 in the US 
and outside Canada. The net 
proceeds of C$56.1 million will 
be used to repay a substantial 
portion of ihe bank debt in- 
curred in January when Camp- 
bell bought its *56.7 per cent 
interest in Kiena Gold Mines. 

• SIGMA MINES: Net income 
for three months to March 31 
CSI.I49 million (14 cents per 
share) compared with 
CSo65.000 1 8 cents) for the first 
quarter of 1985. 

HOLDINGS: Chase Manhattan 
Securities has completed a plac- 
ing of 634.253 new ordinary 
shares at 435p per share to raise 
about £2.6 million afier ex- 
penses. conditional upon 
shareholders* approval. In addi- 

tion. 23CUXJ0 ordinary shares 
held by discretionary settle- 
ments of Mr John Whitecross 
and Mr Ken Talbot, two of the 
founders and directors, were 

The group's pretax profits Tor 
the year to December 31 were 
£3.5 million compared with £2.1 
million for the previous \ear. 

SOURCES: The company, 
through its wholly-owned 
subsidiary. Total Easlcan 
Exploration, has agreed in prin- 
ciple with Canadian Oil and Gas 
Fund and Mr John G Mcdonald 
to lake control of Ranchmen's 
Resources, the oil and gas 
producer listed on the Toronto. 
Montreal and Vancouver ex- 
changes. Erickson profits lor the 
first quarter of 1986 were 
C$570,000 (C$490,000). 

• MANN & CO: Conditional 
agreement has been reached to 
acquire for £1.75 million share's 
or cash a company owning H J 
Furlong and Sons, a surveyor 
and estate agent operating 
mainly in south easi London 
and north Kent. 

Company is to issue one or- 
dinary share at $2 for every five 
ordinary' and 16 ordinary for 
every 25 16 per cent specified 
pref The issue will raise $224 
million from two instalments. 

• YORKLYDE: Results for 

year to January 31. Final divi- 
dend 4.2Sp (3.75). making 7p 
(6). Figures in £000. Group 
turnover 8.221 (6.220). pretax 
profit 2.401 (1.836). Earnings 
per share 30.6p (23.8). Demand 
for the group's products has 
steadied since the year end and. 
although the group is still work- 
ing to capacity, the directors 
believe it is unlikely that profits 
for this year will reach last year's 

POTTERIES: Coloroll has re- 
ceived acceptances of the in- 

creased offer for 960.306 prof 
(61.16 per cent). Of these 
461.34! elected for the revised 
pref cash alternative. S G War- 
burg owns a further 218.388 pref 
shares ( 1 3.9 1 per cent). Coloroll 
and ns associates have received 
acceptances for or own 
1.178.694 SP pref (75.07 per 
cent). The revised pref cash 
alternative has dosed, but the 
increased pref offer will remain 
open until further notice. 

O WHIM CREEK: Consoli- 
dated profit for the first three 
months of l g S6 was 
A us$420.000 (2 cents a share) 
from the production of 7.043 oz 
gold at the Meekatharra opera- 
tions. Work has begun on a new 
crushing plant. 

Results for 1985. Figures in 
£000. Turnover 2.084 
(2.6 II ). pretax loss 3.215 
(2.535). Loss per share 20p 
United Heavy Transport (a BET 
subsidiary) and EeanofreigfU 
Transport (a subsidiary of 
TDG) have agreed to a merger 
of their heavy haulage busi- 
nesses. The merger has become 
necessary because of the decline 
in North Sea oil activities and 
the intense foreign competition. 

chairman. Mr Alan Allebone, 
said in his annual statement that 
sales for the first three months 
of the year were poor. But. 
despite the cold weather, initial 
reactions to the new spring and 
summer ranges had been en- 
couraging. He believed that 
there was scope for substantial 
recovery in retailing profits. 

Results for 1985. Dividend 
0.89p, making 1.78. Equivalent 
gross 2.52p (4.15). Figures in 
£000. Pretax loss 716 (profit 

Scottish TV 6 A 9 shares 
V to be given votes 

Scottish Television pro- amendments to the rules of 
- j»ses to enfranchise its non- STV's profit-sharing and 
' -voting "A” shareholders and share-option schemes. 

.to raise about £5.7 million 
through a rights issue. 

The original purpose of the 
share structure was to retain 

This involves converting local control of the company 

• both the “A" ordinary shares and to ensure the 
and the preference capital into acceptability to the IBA of 
ordinary shares of tOp each, those holders who had THe 

. wnh preference shareholders right to vote in genera] 

* relinquishing control. meetings. 

The issue, which has been The directors believe that' 
■ .underwritten, will involve the the equity holders should be 
; ismjc of 2. 13 million ordinary entitled fo participate more 
.Shares on the basis of one directly in STV’s affairs and 
sljare for every four "A” that the existence of non- 
. ordinary or preference shares voting shares is now widely 

1 -held. 

• -The chanees involve 

regarded by investors as 


Cham and Vevey, Switzerland 
Payment of dividend 

Notice a hereby gnren to snareholSers and holders of oartieipaticin 
cerhhcaie? trial foitpwrg a resolution passed at the General Meeting ot 
sharr- holders held on IStn May 1986. a dmdend tor me year 1985 will be 
io mem as from Stir. Mr/ 1986. as follows 


House of Lords 


Law Report May 20 

House of Lords 

Proof of knowledge of use 
as sex-shop is required 

Third-country evidence is admissible 

< • In hir V n rH cbin'c. it 

Westminster City Council r 
Croyalgrange Ltd and 

Before Lord Bridge of Harwich, 
Lord Brightman, Lord Mackay 
of Clash fern. Lord Ackner and 
Lord Oliver of Aylmerton 
[Speeches sold May IS] 

Knowledge that the use of 
premises as a sex establishment 
was in contravention of the 
prohibition in paragraph 6(1) of 
Schedule 3 to the Local Govern- 
ment (Miscellaneous Pro- 
visions) Act 1 982 was a 
necessary ingredient of the of- 
fence under paragraph 20(IKa). 

Accordingiy. Where it was not 
proved beyond reasonable 
doubt that the defendants bad 
known that no application for a 
licence to use their premises as a 
sex establishment had been 
made before the due date under 
paragraph 28. they had been 
entitled to be acquitted. 

The House of Lords dis- 
missed an appeal by West- 
minster City Council from the 
Queen's Bench Divisional 
Court (Lord Justice Robert Goff 
and Mr Justice McCullough) 
(The Times December 7, 1984; 
[1985] 1 Ail ER 740). 

The Divisional Court had 
dismissed an appeal by the 
council by case stated from the 
dismissal by Mr Ronald Bartle. 
Bow Street Stipendiary Mag- 
istrate. on December 29, 1983, 

1 Two informations alleging 
that Croyalgrange had on two 
days in February 1983 know- 

2 Croyalgrange was the freehold 
owner of the premises. 

3 The premises had been 
continuously used as a sex 
establishment by one Thomas, 
as subtenant, from a date im- 
mediately before the first 
advertisement of the counciTs 
resolution that Schedule 3 
should apply to their area until a 
date after February 24, 1983. 
That use had been permitted by 

4 No licence to use the premises 
as a sex establishment had ever 
been granted. 

5 No application for a licence to 
use the premises as a sex 
establishment had been made 
by or on behalf of Thomas 
before February 1, 1983. 

None of those facts bad been 
disputed, nor had it been dis- 
puted that all the facts in 
paragraphs I to 4 had been well 
known to Mr Grech, whose 
knowledge bad properly been 
imputed to Croyalgrange. The 
only issue of bet had been 
whether he, and through him 
Croyalgrange. had known the 
fact in paragraph 5. The council 
had invited the magistrate to 
infer that knowledge. 

The defendants* case had 
rested on the contention that Mr 


ignorant of the nature of the 
offending use. 

ff the argument for the ooucil 
was right, "knowingly'' was 

The council's reliance on 
section 101 of the Magistrates* 
Courts An 1980 was mis- 
conceived. That section placed 
the onus of proof on a defendant 
who relied for his defence on 
“any exception, exemption, pro- 
viso. excuse or qualification, 
whether or not it accompanies 
the description of the offence 
... in the enactment creating 
the offence . . .”. 

The exceptions and exemp- 
tions under Schedule 3 to the 
1982 An qualified the pro- 
hibition created by paragraph 6. 
not the offence created by 
paragraph 20(1 Kal- 
in a penal statute; any 
ambiguity m the provision 
creating the offence would need 
to be resolved in favour of the 

His Lordship did not believe, 
however, that there was any 

If the argument for the coun- 
cil were accepted, it would lead 
to the conclusion that paragraph 
20( I Ka> had in effect created an 
offence of strict liability. The 

ingly permitted 

Croyalgrange, had honestly be- 
lieved that application for a 
licence had been made by or on 
behalf of Thomas in due time 
and had not been determined. 

If that bad indeed been the 
defendants' stale of mind. then, 
on the tacts as they had believed 

therefore' offence would consist in the 

premises at 4 Peter Street Soho, 
as a sex establishment without 
the grant of a licence by the 
council under Schedule 3 to the 
1982 Act; and 

2 two informations under para- 
graph 26(1) of Schedule 3 alleg- 
ing against Mr Charles Grech 
that the offence alleged against 
Croyalgrange bad been commit- 
ted with his connivance, he 
beinga director of Croyalgrange, 
whereby he as well as 
Croyalgrange was guilty of the 

Paragraph 6(1) of Schedule 3 
to the 1982 Act provides; 

“Subject to the provisions of 
this Schedule, no person shall in 
any area in which this Schedule 
is in force use any premises . . . 
as a sex establishment except 
under and in accordance with 
the terms of a licence granted 
under this Schedule by the 
appropriate authority . . . . 

Paragraph 20(1) provides: 

“A person who - (a) know- 
ingly uses, or knowingly causes 
or permits the use o£ any 
premises . . . contrary to para- 
graph 6 . . . shall be guilty of an 

Paragraph 28 (1) provides; 

"... it shall be lawful for any 
person who - (a) was using any 
premises ... as a sex establish- 
ment immediately before the 
date of the first publication . . . 
of a notice of the passing of a 
resolution under [section 2 (2)] 
by the local authority for the 
area; and (b) had before the 
appointed day duly applied to 
the appropriate authority for a 
licence for the establishment, to 
continue to use the premises . . . 
as a sex establishment until the 
determination of his 

Mr John Samuels. QC and Mr 
Roger McCarthy for the council; 
Mr John W. Rogers. QC and 
Mrs Pamela Shaw for the defen- 

LORD BRIDGE said that 
paragraph 2 of Schedule 3 to the 
1982 Act defined “sex 
establishment” as meaning a 
“sex cinema” or “sex shop”, 
which were elaborately defined 
by paragraphs 3 and 4. 

The essential facts were: 

I The council had resolved, 
pursuant to section 48 of the 
Act. that Schedule 3 should 
apply to their area, whicb in- 
cluded Soho. The resolution had 
been duly advertised. Schedule 
3 had come into force in the area 
on February 1, 1983 (tbe ap- 
pointed day). 

use . of friem to be. there would have 

unlawful use of premises as a sex 
establishment, and even an 
honest belief in facts which, if 
true, would make the use lawful 
would afford no defence. 

It was trite law that the 
legislature's intention to create 
an offence of strict liability had 
to be signified by clear language, 
been no contravention of the To find such an intention in 
prohibition imposed by para- paragraph 20( I Ka) with its itera- 
graph 6< IV, the legality of the use tion of “knowingly” was obvi- 
would have been saved by ously impossible. 
paragraph 28. The only meaning of which 

The magistrate had proceeded the language was reasonably 
on the footing that the onus lay capable made knowledge that 
on the prosecution to prove not the use of premises as a sex 
only that Croyalgrange. had establishment was in contraven- 
permitied and Mr Grech con- tion of the prohibition imposed 
nived at the use of the premises by paragraph 6 a necessary 
as a sex establishment but also ingredient of the offence, 
that Mr Grech, and through him Strictly, speaking, that was 

Croyalgrange, had known that sufficient to dispose of the 
the use contravened the pro- appeal, bat it would be im- 
bibition imposed by paragraph satisfactory not to address a 

6. whicb in the present case 
required proof of knowledge 
that no application for a licence 

further aspect of the matter, 
which, although not arising 
directly for decision, was of 

had been made by or on behalf great practical importance in 
of Thomas in due rime under relation to the enforcement of 

paragraph 28. licensing control under Sched- 

He had concluded: "that al- u,c . 3 and which explained the 
though considerable suspicion of the council as an 

existed it had not. as a matter of authority responsible for such 

fact, been proved beyond a 
reasonable doubt that on Feb- 
ruary 8. 1983. and February 24, 
1983, either defendant had the 
requisite knowledge to con- 
stitute the offences charged”. 

The counciTs submission was 
that, in order to prove an 
offence under paragraoh 
2 Of I Ka). all that the prosecution 

enforcement that bad prompted 
them to pursue the appeal to the 
House of Lords. 

They had submitted that the 
relevant statutory language 
should be construed as they 
proposed in order to avoid 
frustrating the policy of Sched- 
ule 3 and to enable authorities 
who had adopted it to maintain 

Regina v Secretary of State 
for the Home Department, Ex 
parte Rees 

Before Lord Bridge of Harwich, 
l Lord Brandon of Oakbrook, 
Lord Mackay ofClashfem, Lord 
Oliver of Aylmcnon and Lord 
Goff of Cbieveley 
[Speeches sold May IS] 

Statements taken on oath in 
Bolivia were admissible ev- 
idence in extradition proceed- 
ings at ihe suit of the West 
German Government request- 
ing the extradition of the ap- 
plicant accused of detaining a 
•West German national as a 
hostage in Bolivia. 

The Home Secretary had been 
entitled to issue a sec ond order 
to proceed with the extradition 
proceedings while the applicant 
was in custody pursuant to bis 
earlier order so that reliance 
could be placed on further 
evidence subsequently received. 

Tbe House of Lords dis- 
missed an appeal by Alan Rees 
from the Queen's Bench Di- 
visional Court (Lord Justice 
Watkins and Mr Justice Simon 
Brown) (The Times March 18, 
1985) who had dismissed his 
application for judicial review 
of the secretary of state's second 
order and tbe decision of Mr W. 
E. C. Robins, Bow Street Stipen- 
diary Magistrate, to proceed 
with the bearing. 

Section 14 of tbe Extradition 
Act 1870 provides 
"Depositions or statements 
on oath, taken in a foreign state 
. . . may. if duly authenticated, 
be received in evidence in 
proceedings under this Act.” 

Mr Give Nicholls. QC and 
Mr Edmund Lawson for the 
applicant; Mr Anthony Hidden, 
QC and Mr R. Alun Jones for 
the Home Secretary and the 
Director of Public Prosecutions. 

LORD MACKAY said that 
on November 14, 1983. a Ger- 
man national, Michael Wuxcbe, 
manager of Lufthansa m La Paz. 
had been kidnapped in Bolivia 
and held hostage while the 
kidnappers demanded a ransom 
of SUSl.5 million. 

The ransom bad been paid 
and he had been released on 
November 25. 1983. 

The German Government al- 
leged that the applicant . bad 
been involved in the kidnap- 
ping, an offence over which the 
German courts had jurisdiction. 

On March 1 3. 1984. a warrant 
had been issued under section 
8(2) of the 1870 Act by a 
magistrate at Bow Street for the 
applicant's arrest Tbe warrant 
bad been executed the same day, 
on the applicant's arrival at 

On April 13, the secretary of ■ 
state had made an order under 

section 7 signifying that a requi- applicant to apply for judicial 
a tion had been made on behalf review. 

of the German Government for Tbe applicant submitted that 

the surrender of tbe applicant the 1960 and 1978 Orders giving 
accused of the crime of detain- effect to the arrangement with 
ing a hostage and requiring die the Federal Republic that ap- 
magistrate to proceed in confer- plied the provisions of ibe 1870 
mity with the Extradition Acts Act had tbe effect of directing 
1870 to 1935. that section 14 was not to apply 

On April 16, the applicant had to anything except depositions 
been remanded in custody or statements on oath taken in 
pursuant to order. the Federal Republic and that. 

Statements and depositions, a accordingly, depositions or 
substantial p rop ortion of which statements on oath taken in 
c omp r ise d translations of state- Bolivia were not to be received 
meats in Bolivia, had in evidence in the present 

been served on the applicant. proceedings. J 
On July 6, at tbe hearing In his Lordship’s opinion that 
pursuant to section 10 of the argument misconstrued section 
1870 Act, aignment relating to 14. The result of the provisions 
issues going to the authenuca- in question was that section 14 
tion and form of the Bolivian had been applied to proceedings 
statements had been deferred for extradition under the agree- 
and there had been argued, as a merit with the Federal Republic 
preliminary point, an issue and that no provision had been 
whether the Bolivian statements made that would except any part 
were properly to be received in of it from that operation, 
evidence having regard to article The question remained, how- . 

XI of the treaty relating to ever, whether the phrase “in a 
extradition between tbe Ge r- foreign state” was to be con- 
man Government and the UK stroed as applying to any foreign 
Government scheduled to tire state or was to be restricted by 
Federal Republic of Germany implication to the foreign state 

Although the considerations 
in favour ofUmiting the scope of 

section 14 had been shown to be 

worthy of serious consideration, 
the considerations in favour of 
riving it a meaning acc ordin g to 
p lain terras and not restricted 
by implication were overwhelm- 
ing Accordingly, the thud-state 
evidence was admissible. 

His Lordship answered in the 
negative thequestion whether in 
extradition proceedings pursu- 
ant to section 10 of tbe 1 870 Act 
the magistrate was entitled to 
consider whether the evidence 
produced by the requesting state 
would be available at the trial in 
the requesting state in admis- 
sible form according to the law 
of the requesting state. 

The question under sec tion 10 
was not m any way concerned 
with the proceedings that might 

In his Lotdsftip's opinion, 
once the appli cant had . been 

full effect lead been 
riven to the provisions ofstiefe 

Those provisions did- not 
prohibit a further attempt to 
secure tbe extradition of the 
person who had been liberated. 
They did not prevent bis extra- 

Tbe derision of the magistrate 
setting a person at liberty in • 
terms of article XH was nor a - 
decision that he could never ; 
thereafter be extradited in' re- “ 
sped of the matter that had been, 
the subject of the requxatioo. .. . V 

Just as the decision of 
examining magistrates. - in '■ 
committal proceedings in En- 
gland were not final, so the* 
decision of the magistrate to set *** 

‘ : > 

. *?V* 

•:y ■ 

(Extradition) Order (SI I960 No 
1 375) as amended by tbe Sched- 
ule to the Federal Republic of 

tile to the Federal Republic of 
Germany (Extradition) 
(Amendment) Order (SI 1978 
No 1403). 

Tbe magistrate bad ruled that 
such statements were to be 
received in evidence. 

On July 6, further statements 
had been received at court from 
Bolivia. They had not been 
translated into English bat ap- 
peared to be duly authenticated. 
Due to insufficient time, the 
haring had been adjourned to 
July 26. 

On July 25, the secretary of 
state had issued a farther order 
to proceed undersection 7 of tbe 
1870 Act requiring the mag- 
istrate to issue his warrant for 
the apprehension of the ap- 
plicant on a narrative identical 
to that which had appeared in 
the earlier order. No further 
requisition had meantime been 
made by the German Govern- 

On July 26, at tbe invitation 
of roussd for tbe German 
Government, the magistrate 
h*H terminated the part-heard 
proceedings and ordered the 
discharge of the applicant, who 
had been re-arrested immedi- 
ately on leaving the dock on a 
warrant issued by the m agist rate 
irv compliance with the secretary 
of state’s second order. 

The magistra te Had enter- 
tained but rriected a submission 
for the applicant that the re- 
newed proceedings were oppres- 
sive, vexatious and an abase of 
process. He bad then adjourned 
the proceedings to enable the 

that was applying for the extra- fugitive pursuant to section 7 of 
dition. the 1870 Act. the secretary of 

It was plain from tbe terms of state had power to make an 

follow in the Federal Republic if at ..liberty was not a final « 
the applicant were committed to decision, pre cl u d ing thereafter a;_ 
pnsSL decision to commit tor extra- « 

As to the lawfulness of the dition on the basis of farther 
secretary of state's order of July evidence: see At fdnsemv USA'? 
25.1 984, when a requisition had Government (1 1971] ■ AC 197, 
been made by a diplomatic 235D) per Lord Reid). . " 

representative of the foreign Tbe purpose of article XU. in -T: 
state for the surrender of a his Lordships opnuon, was to«* 

fugitive pursuant to section 7 of prevent the government seeking 
the 1870 Act, the secretary of extradition from causing a per-.* 

section 9 of die 1870 Act that tbe 
magistrate had an obligation to 
receive “any evidence which 
may be tendered to show that 
tbe crime of which the prisoner 
is accused or alleged to have 
been convicted is an offence ofa 
political character or is not an 
extradition crime”. 

It had to be borne in mind 
that the extradition proceedings 
to which section 14 was to apply 
were the committal proceedings. 

The ultimate trial would take 
place according to the pro- 
visions of the judicial system of 
the state requesting the extra- 

The feet that an extradition 
arrangement had been made 
with such a state might be taken 
as indicating that bar Majesty’s 
Government was satisfied with 
tbe system of justice under 
which the trial would take place. 

Even if the depositions or 
statements on oath 
under section 14 had been taken 
under a system of justice that 
might not be regarded as in all 
respects satisfactory, the protec- 
tion a gainer an y ultimate Harm 
to the prisoner was afforded by 
the system of justice under 
which his trial would take place. 

On the other Hand, to deny 
section 14 the full scope of its 
plain words might deprive the 
prisoner of bis only opportunity 
to rely on evidence supporting 
the allegation that the crime for 
which extradition was sought 
was of a political character or 
was not an extradition crime. 

the 1870 Act, the secretary of extradition from causing a per-.* 
state power to make an son to be held in custody for t 
order under section 7 and there longer than two months w hile ” 
was no limit expressly imposed they sought to assemble suf-.' 
by section 7 on the number of Scient evidence to justify his ■** 
orders that he might make. extradition. If within that rime 

A further examination of tbe they bad not assembled suf- 
requisition and supporting ev- Scient evidence he had to be set ; 
i deuce often produced evidence at liberty. f. 

of crimes other those As to abuse of power and 
originally specified, and when abase of process, tbe second ' 
that happened it was necessary, order to proceed bad been > 
and- in his Lordship's opinion, granted because the German 
perfectly lawful, for tbe sec- Government had been advised '■ " 
retary of state to issue a further that difficult questions arose - 
Oder. with regard to the form and •*. 

The applicant had submitted authentication of the evidence . j 
that it lad not been lawful, for that had been produced prior to - -f 
the secretary of state to issue a June 16. 1984, but that those-, 
further order while be was in difficulties would be obviated if - 

custody the evidence produced on July 6 

It was plain that an order could be put before the court for .. 
might be made while a person ite consideration. • ■** 

was already in custody, and his 1 Q his Lordship's "opinion iv** 
Lordship could see no reason to had been a perfectly proper step «*- 
accept the applicant's sub- for the German Government to 
mission, nor his farther, sub- take in those circumstances to fJ 
mission that a further abandon .the proceedings in — 
requisition was required before which the new evidence was not z. 
the second order could be made, available in order to replace 

Once a requisition had been them by proceedings in which it - 
made, the secretary of slate was was available ’ ' 

entitled to make an order or The action taken by the — 
orders following on and based German Government and by ■ 
on it. .the secretary of state in granting ... 

entitled to make an order or 
orders following on and based 
on it. 

The applicant had farther the second order had been likely 
submitted thm the of a to lead to an earlier resolution of w 
second order by the secretary of the real questions between- the « 
state in the circumstances Harf parties than would have been- 
disregarded tbe provisions of possible if the earlier proceed- 
article XII of tbe treaty and the ings had been continued, 
true intendment of the 1870 Act Lord Bridge, Lord Brandon, 7* 

as applied by the treaty: see Rv Lord Oliver and Lord Goff --- 
Governor of Pentonviue Prison, agreed. 

Ex parte Sotiriadis ([19751 AC 


Solicitors: Kingsley Naplcy; •- 

needed to establish was that the effective control of sex esta Wish- 
defendant had knowingly used. _ .... 

or knowingly caused or permit- 
ted the use oC premises as a sex 

It would be a curious anomaly 
if the only mews res . required 
under paragraph 20(1)1 a) was 
knowledge that the premises 
were used as a sex establish- 
ment whereas the mens rea 
required under sub-paragraph 
(c) dearly bad to be knowledge 

The typical sex establishment, 
it was said, was operated by 
“front men” who were here 
today and gone tomorrow. The 
real controllers hid in the shad- 
ows and behind corporate 

* It would put an impossible 
burden on the controlling 
authorities, the council submit- 
ted. if they were required to 
prove against those who used, or 

Prosecution need not prove that 
defendant could pay 

Loading bay is not an 
opening in the floor 

Regan ▼ Davis 

Before Lord Justice Stocker and 
Mr Justice Hirst 
[Judgment given May IS] 

Tnadf formal admissions *h« he 
was liable to maintain his 
children between February 1, 
1984 and October 31, 1984, that 
supplementary benefit had been 

The provisions of section 18 of paid to his former wife for the 

that the use was in breach of the permitted the use of premises as 

terms of the licence. 

Quite apart, however, from 

that anomaly, it seemed to his 
Lordship that “knowingly” in 
paragraph 20(1 Xa) could not 
sensibly have been introduced 
merely to apply to the use that 
the defendant was making, or 
causing or permitting another to 
make, of premises as a sex 

He could concave of no 
circumstances in which a perron 
could be said to be using 

sex establishments that they 
knew that the use was un- 

The difficulties of proving the 
necessary element of knowledge 
should not be exaggerated. 

Such knowledge might in 
appropriate circumstances be 
inferred, and it was always open 
to the tribunal of feet to base a 
finding of knowledge on ev- 
idence that the defendant had 
deliberately shut his eyes to the 
obvious or refrained from in- 

premises. stifl less causing or «Rury because be had suspected 

permitting them to be used, “to 
a significant degree for the 
exhibition” of pornographic 
films or “for a business whicb 
consists to a significant .degree” 
of the sale of pornographic 
materia) if that person were 

the truth but had not wanted to 
have his suspicions confirmed. 

Lord Brightman, Lord 
Mackay. Lord Ackner and Lord 
Oliver agreed. 

Solicitors: Mr Gerard M. Ives; 
Irwin Shaw. 

the Supplementary Benefits Act 
1976 were not relevant to a 
charge of failure to maintain 
under section 25 of the Act. 
Accordingly, it was not incum- 
bent on the prosecution to prove 
that the defendant was capable 
of paying maintenance during 
the relevant period. 

The Queen’s Bench Di- 
visional Court so held dismiss- 
ing an appeal by case stated by 
the defendant. Mi chad John 
Regan, against his conviction by 
the Woking Justices, of persis- 
tently neglecting to maintain bis 
children in consequence of 
which neglect benefit -had been 
awarded, contrary to section 25 
of the Supplementary Benefits 
Act 1976. 

- Mr Christopher Parnell for 
the defendant; Mr Philip Havers 
for the Department of Health 
and Social Security. 

that at the hearing the defendant 

benefit of the children and the 
amount of the benefit paid. 

Armed with those admissions 
the prosecution called no further 
evidence. There followed sub- 
missions from counsel on behalf 
of the defendant that it was 
in cum bent upon the prosecu- 
tion to prove that the defendant 
was capable of paying mainte- 
nance during tbe period having 
regard to the provisions of 
section 18 of the Act. 

The justices rejected that 
submission and convicted the 

It was most important to bear 
in mind that the court was 
obliged to confine itself to the 
case stated and it was plain that 
the role issue before the court 
was whether the justices were 
right in their conclusion that tbe 
section 18 requirement as to 
consideration of means was not 
imported into section 25. 

In his Lordship’s judgment 

Danger to life from 
damage to property 

Landlord cannot effect re-entry against tenant 
by agreement with existing subtenant 

Regina v Steel 

Before Lord Justice Neill Mr 
Justice Peter Pain and Mr 
Justice Gatehouse 
[Judgment given May 15] 

For a conviction of an offence 
contrary to section K2) of the 
Criminal Damage Act 1971, of 
damaging property being reck- 
less as to whether the life of 
another would be thereby en- 
dangered, a causal link had to be 
shown between the damage to 
property and the danger to life. 

Lord Justice Neill so stated 
when the Court of Appeal 
allowed an appeal by Dennis 
Steer against his conviction (on 
a plea of guilty following the 
rejection of a submission of no 
case to answer) of an offence 
contrary to section 1(2) of the 
1971 An (count 2 of tbe indict- 

There was no appeal in re- 
spect of a conviction (on a plea 
of guilty) of damaging property 
(count 3). for whicb the appel- 
lant was sentenced to eight 
months’ imprisonment. 

Mr Michael Mertyear and Mr 
Steven Clifford, assigned by the 
Registrar of Criminal Appeals, 
for the appellant; Mr Keith 
Jackson for the Crown. 


that one night the appellant had 
fired three shots from a rifle 
through the windows of his 
business partner’s bungalow. No 
injuries were caused- to those, 
inside, but the prosecution had 
alleged that lives might have 
been endangered by the bullets; 
not by the damaged property. 

The statute was concerned 
with criminal damage to prop- 
erty; die appeal was concerned 
only with damage to property 
and with a charge of reckless- 
ness. rather than a charge 
involving a specific intent to 
endanger life. 

The word “thereby" in the 
subsection related to the damage 
to property and not to the act 
which caused the damage. 

On the fecu of the case tbe 
distinction between tbe 
appellant's act and the con- 
sequent damage was important. 

On the true construction of 
section K2X&) the intention or 
recklessness envisaged was di- 
rected to tbe possible dangers 
caused by the destroyed or 
damaged property, and not to 
the dangers inherent in tbe 
method of causing the destruc- 
tion or damage. 

Solicitors: Mr Leslie M. Bell, 

Ashton and Others v 

Before Mr John Chadwick, QC 
[Judgment delivered April 29] 

A landlord could, not effect a 
re-entry of premises against his 
tenant by coming to an arrange- 
ment with an existing subtenant 
whereby the subtenant re- 
mained in occupation as tenant 
of the landlord upon the terms 
of bis existing sublease. 

Changing the lodes with tbe 
consent of the subtenant, on the 

They explained that they were 
not in any way challenging the 
subtenant’s right to remain in 
occupation of the premises un- 
iter the provisions of the sub- 
tenancy and that their sole 
concern was to enforce their 
legal rights of forfeiture against 
then- tenant and that the effect of 
the steps they were taking would 
be that after the forfeiture the 
subtenant would become their 
direct lessee: 

On tbe strength of the assur- 
ance that his rights would not be 

assurance that his right to- prejudiced the subtenant coo- 

remain in occupation under the 
provisions of his existing sub- 
lease would not be affected, did 
not alter that position. 

Mr John Chadwick. QC, sit- 
ting as a deputy judge of the 
Chancery Division, so held in a 
reserved judgment granting a 
declaration that a lease granted 
on October 24, 1932 had not 
been forfeited. 

Mr Jonathan Henty for the 
plaintiffs: Miss Caroline Hutton 
for the defendant 

HIS LORDSHIP said that a 
lease of 195 Burnt Oak Broad- 
way. Edgewure. granted on 

sen led to the locks -being 
changed and received a new set 
of keys. 

Solicitors acting for Twogates 
then wrote to the subtenant 

S ving him formal notice that 
e lease had been forfeited by 
peaceably re-entering the 
premises and re-taking pos- 
session and continuing: “As a 
result of our clients’ having 
taken physical possession of the 
premises, you are now our 
clients' direct lessee. Will you 
please accept this letter as our 
clients' forma] request and 
authority to you to pay all future 
rent payable by you under the 

October 24. 1932 for a term of provisions of the underlease 


By Full or Part-Time Study 

This course is for those not intending to practise at the Bar 
of England and Wales, or for those seeking a revision 

For further details and appfication form, apply to 
MmismonMRoom 145). Ealing College of Higher 
Education. St Mary's Road, Ealing. London W5 5RF. 

Or telephone 01 -579 41 11 Extension 3372. 


80 years at a yearly rent of £50 
payable quarterly was held by 
the plaintiffs. 

The lease contained a proviso 
for re-entry for non-payment of 
rent. By October 1984 five 

under which 

hold the 

the nature of the acts required to 
effect a re-entry against an 
intermediate tenant in a case 
where the premises were in the 
occupation of a subtenant 
ffoodfalL Landlord and Ten- 
ant 28th edition (1978) para- 
graph 1-1899 stated: “Peaceable 
re-entry may be effected by the 
forfeiting landlord accepting as 
tenant a subtenant who is 
already in occupation, or by 
letting into occupation some 
third party and maintaining him 
there as tenant But it is dear 
that some unequivocal act or 
words are necessary to con- 
stitute a peaceable re-entry.” 

London & County (A & D) Lid 
v Wilfred Sportsman ([1971] Ch 
764) was died in support of the 
first sentence of that proposition 
but that was a case where tbe 
person in occupation bad gone 
into possession as a trespasser 
against the tenant and had then 
been accepted by tbe landlord as 
tenant under a new tenancy. He 
had never been a subtenant of 
the tenant. 

In bis Lordship’s judgment 
the case was no authority tor the 
proposition that a landlord 
might effect a re-entry of 
premises against his tenant by 
an arrangement made with an 

they were plainly right as section Alien t Avon Robber Co Ltd 
18 was dealing with a avfl code Before Lord Justice May. Lord 
and section 18(3) was concerned Justice Ralph Gibson and Lord 
with means so that a realistic Justice Stocker 
order could be made which was [Judgment May 161 

commensurate with ability to - ... - . . , ' « . • 

pay. It was not relevant to a ^ ™ 
section 25 3,1 013 °» a factory was not an 

- in am.miw.1 n onu ui «... opening in the floor for the 
^ purposes of section 28(4) of the 
.«335 Act 1961, and an 
a ™ employer could not therefore be 

liable under that section to an 
' mP !Z employee who had fallen over 
edge of such a bay and 

“negteci in section 25 and suffer^injury. ■ . 

eSrv'Tor lb? Sudl an em P lo y er wonld. 

^^?an however, be liable under section 

prove an element of culpability. 29(1) of the 1961 Act and at 
But it was incumbent on the common law for failing to make 
court to confine itself to the case and keep the place of work safe 
stated and tbe court would not where the part of the bay over 
wish to express any basic point which tbe employee fell was not 
of construction on section 25 or used for loading and it was 

°*! pr S??.3 ve therefore reasonably practicable 
record that the DHSS only . to fence it 
pTMearted where they consid- The Court of Appeal so held 
»ed that mere was an element in a reserved judgment, allowing 
of culpability in faffing to main- an appeal by tbe plaintiff. Mr 
**“*■ James Oliver Allen, from a 

Lord Justice Stocker deliv- decision of Mr Justice 
ered a concurring judgment. Waterhouse who, in Cardiff on 

Solicitors: Oliver O. Fisher & O'* 0 *** 1 985, had dismissed 

Co; DHSS Solicitor. “ ,s claim against the defendant, 

Avon Rubber Co Ltd, for dam- 
. ages for personal injuries sus- 

*TJQT1T tained when, in the course of 

j ■ 144 ■ 1 %, work unconnected with loading, 

t he had driven a fork- lift truck 
over the unfenced edge of a 
loading bey- in the defendant's 
. factory. 

fSLUfiL?* P* J udee fi 3 * 1 ^ 

; defendant’s failure to fence the 

ain***- l 1341 001 been in 
breach of sections 28(4) or 29(1 ) 
of the 1961 Act or negligent 

plaintiff had fallen, was a poten- 
tial danger, which became an 
actual danger if persons or ■ 
vehicles were required to be. or ; 
to work, in such proximity or in - . 
such circumstances as to render^’ 
tbe risk of an accident from the 
drop one which could be reason- • > 
ably foreseen having regard to 
the presence and proximity of.-- 
workmen and the nature of the ’ 
work.. - 

Id ascertaining whether, for 
ihe purposes and in the circum- ’ 
stances in which tbe plaintiff 
had been working, the area had v 
been safe, it was appropriate to ' 
apply the test formulated in * 
respect of safety of machines by * - 
Mr Justice du Paicq in Walker v* 
Bletchley Flettons Ltd ([ 1 937] I ^ 

AUER 170, 175), as modified by .* 
Lord Reid in John Summers & 
Sons Ltd v Frost ([1955] AC.~ 
740,766k whether the machin- - 
ery or place was a reasonably 

but that did not assist the The iudne hart hel 
defeiKfa^thep^^Qst dcSin?ffailS^ 

Justice William said at pS55: “if 
[the landlord] had entered and SfSte&TKra m 
desired tbe perron he found on ^ , - 

the premises to go out, and then ,: f S*L N( ^ ,d ? er 
desired him to resume pos- T ^Jf PtR QC and 

session as his tenant, the r*y- j™ John Cooper for the defen- 
wouid have been dear beyond danL 
ail doubt. They did not go LORD JUSTICES 
throu gh ^ that idle having considered Ba 
ceremony — ”. Transport CommissU 

foreseeable cause of injury to 
anyone acting in a way in which 
.a human being might reason- . 
ably be expected to act in 
circumstances which might - 
reasonably be expected to occur. ' 

The defendant had referred to ^ 

Colt ness Iron Co v Sharp ([ 1 938] I.- 
AC 90, 94) and Edwards v 
National Coal Board ([1949] 1 *2 
KB 704. 705) and argued that 
the test of safety bad to be~* 
considered in tbe context of the -Z 
degree of use ami of exposure to^ 
the risk; since the task which the^: 
plaintiff had been doing, and the*»r 
exposure of employees to the**" 
risk, aroseonly twice a year, tbe ^£ f r* 
place could not be said to be-** * ■“ j 



having considered Bath v Brit , 

the British 

successive quarterly payments October 29. ] 984 setting out the 
were in arrears to the existing events of October 19. 1984. 

landlords, Twogates Properties 

The premises at that lime ai auction with knowledge of tbe 
were subject to a subtenancy statutory declaration and pur- 

dated April 29, 1 976 under 
which, following a rent review 
in 1983, the subtenant paid 
£3.500 a year. 

Twogates decided to forfeit 
the 1932 lease and put the 
properly up for sale by auction. 
Twogates wrote to the subtenant 
explaining that they intended to 

premises to this firm on behalf existing subtenant under which 
of Twogates Properties the subtenant was to remain in 
iso Limited.” occupation of the premises as 

of The solicitor then made a the tenant of the landlord for the 
ve statutory declaration dated residue and otherwise upon the 
October 29. 1984 setting out the terms of his existing sublease, 
events of October 1 9. 1984. Similarly in Bayfiss r Le Gras 

The defendant bought the (( 1858) 4 CBNS 537) there was 
property on November 20, 1984 no evidence that tbe person in 
at auction with knowledge of tbe occupation had ever been a 
statutory declaration and pur- subtenant; the arrangement 
ported forfeiture for £54,000 made with tbe landlord was not 
which reflected the value of the that he should remain in pos- 

Tfre defendant boa 
property on November i 

ported forfeiture for £54,000 
which reflected the value of the 
property on the basis that it was 
subject only to the 1976 sub- 
tenancy. The value of the free- 
hold subject to the 1932 lease 
would have been substantially 

After the sale the plaintiffs 

forfeit the 1 932 lease on the discovered what had ha pp ened, 
ground of non-payment of rent tendered the arrears of rent due 
by peaceably re-entering the to the defendant which were not 
premises and re-taking pos- accepted whereupon the plain- 
session by (1 ) changing the locks tiffs commenced the action for a 
on the from door and (2) declaration that their lease had 
instructing the subtenant to pay not been forfeited. 

all future rent to themselves. 

There was little authority on 

session under any existing ten- 
ancy but rather that he should 
be allowed to remain only on the 
basis that he became the tenant 
of the landlord under a new 
tenancy and fora different term. 

The most that could be de- 
rived from Bayliss v Le Gros was 
that a landlord might effect a re- 
entry against his tenant by an 
arrangement with an existing 
subtenant under which tbe sub- 
tenant was to remain in occupa- 
tion as the tenant of the landlord 

upon tbe terms ofa new tenancy 

In the present case tbe chang- 
ing of tbe lode was an idle 
ceremony, illustrated by the fact 
that, when told by the subtenant 
that the new lock was unsatisfac- 
tory Twogates were content that 
the lock should be replaced by 
the subtenant himself 
There was never any inten- 
tion on the part of the Landlord 
to exclude the subtenant from 
possession. The subtenant only 
consented to the changing of the 
lock on an assurance that it 
posed no challenge to his right to 
remain in occupation under die 
provisions or his existing 
underlease. If there was a re- 
entry in the present case it was 
sot effected by the changing of 
the lode. 

The real question was 
whether the landlord effected a 
re-entry constructively by 
obtaining tbe subtenant’s con- 
sent to their action upon the 
terms of the letter of October 19, 

In his Lordship’s judgment, 
even if it could be said that the 
subtenant attorned tenant to 
Twogates by tacitly accepting 
the terms of that letter, such an 
attornment would not be ev- 
idence of an unequivocal inten- 
tion on the part of the landlords 
to re-enter under tbe provisions 
of the 1932 lease. • 

It was dear that both 
Twogates and tbe subtenant 
were acting on the basis that the 
1976 underlease would con- 
tinue: The continuation of the 
1976 underlease was wholly 
inconsistent with the determina- 
tion, by forfeiture, of the 1932 

Solicitors: Gamlens. for 
Charstey Harrison, Windsor 
Duke-Cohan & Co. * 

Transport Commission ([1954] 
I WLR 1013. 1015), Phillips v 
Robertson Thain Ltd ([19621 I 
WLR 227, 233) and Street v 
British Electricity Authority 
([1952J2 QB 41 1), said that the 
plain tiff had fallen over the edge 
of the floor, not into an opening 
in it. 

That conclusion was not viti- 
ated by the fact that die floor 
abutting the loading bay was not 
ui a straight line but necessarily 
followed tbe configuration of 
tbe bay or that when the door to 
the bay was closed tbe bay was 
enclosed within the building 

A sharp drop of nearly four 
feet, such as that over which the 

In his Lordship's judgment, a"* 
danger was no less a danger-* 
because exposure, to it was— - 
infrequent The cost of erecting^ 
a barrier would have been 
modest; to do so would not have 
been irapracrtable and the cost.; 
would not have rendered it so. - - 

Applying Mr Justice du , 
Paicq s test, the plaintiffs place 
. of work had been unsafe at the 
lime of the accident, and the '"' 
defendant was accordingly I>- -J. 
able under section 29(1 ) and at ~* 
common law. The plaintiff's -- 
damages would be reduced by *- 
50 per cent for his contributory ~ 

Lord Justice May .agreed "and - : - 
Lord Justice Ralph Gibson ~l 
dehvered a concurring' judg- ! 
mem. ;■ 

Solicitors: Randalls, > 

Bridgend; Edward Lewis. ‘ 
Possart & Co, Cardiff i 

E ' 


> *i * 

Life sentence for soccer 
hooligan was wrong 

Regina v Whitton one of particular gravity, the 

A sentence of life imprison- defendant was likely to be a 
ment on a persistent football particular danger to the life or 
hooligan was wrong in principle, !,l ”b of others when at large; or 
Lord Lane. Lord Chief Jusoce. suffered from some marked 
sttjng with Mr Justice Le«an “ental instability which might 

Md Mr Justice Kennedy, said in 
the Court of Appeal on May 1 9, 

_the LORD CHIEF jus- 
tice, delivering the judgment 
of the court, said that the 
appellant, Kevin Whitton, aged 
26, who had been involved in a 
nptous assembly at Stamford 
Bndge at a match between 
Cbefaea and Manchester 

United, had not learnt his lesson 
from his past appearances in 

Other than crimes for which 

be cured by the passage of time 
but no one could forecast bow 
long that might be. 

It was true that events in the — 
I»st 1 2 months or so had shown 
me terrible results which public— 
disorder of that kind could -■ 
bnng, and sentences aimed* to ! 
discourage such behaviour were -* * 

However, the circumstances ■ 
of uie particular case did not.-.-.. 
anywhere come near to . the - ' 

at S^‘T 4 l^ lence r'''- 


‘ - '.v 

'< IS 

«• . - . 
i ! : % 

M .-. * 



V 1 

i S' 

4 J? r? 



EOUii<aS«m^jiaei:-^i. *. — _ -:.l 

Edited by Matthew M ny 

Time to 

hang up 

on the 



By Matthew May 
Choosing which phone compa- 
ny to use when making long- 
distance phone calls has 
become commonplace In 

America since the breakup of 
American Telephone & Tele- 

Since last week Britain has 
begun to have that choice with 
the launch by Mercury Com- 
munications of a service for 
companies that have SO or 
more telephone Hues. Using 
optical fibre networks and 
microwave links it can now 
connect them to any other 
telephone user connected to 
the public network both here 
and abroad. In the City of 
London where the company 
has more facilities the service 
coaid be economic for compa- 
nies with as few as 10 lines. 

Mercury says its long-dis- 
tance charges will on aver 
be ' 20 per cent cheaper __ 
British Telecom does not re- 
spond with price cuts. 

At the moment companies 
have to dedde whether to opt 
for British Telecom or Mercu- 
ry — Mecnry carries the call 
around its network and either 
delivers through its own or 
British Telecom lines — «ikm^ 
their private exchange can 
accept special software that 
will automatically choose the 
cheapest of the two depending 
on the destination of the call 
and the time of day. 

The service wffl become 
available on a wider basis to 
medium sized businesses after 
September with the launch of a 
system that will let callers use 
Mercury through their exist- 
ing lines from British 
Telecom. A special piece a i 
hardware from Mercury will 
then be available that connects 
to switchboards and removes 
the need to dial any extra 

By Christmas small busi- 
nesses and residential users 
should be aide to use Mercury 
by baying special telephones, 
at between £30 to £40, with a 
special button to press before 
dialling a number if they want 
to use Mercnrys network. 

The timetable for residen- 
tial customers must however 
be considered fairly flexible 
as, with demand unknown, the 
com any does not want to risk 
offending new business cus- 
tomers by overloading the 


Mercury recently placed an. 
£18 million order for advanced 
System X exchanges with' 
GEC which shoo Id allow it to 
compete sooner than expected 
for local call business. Ironi- 
cally System X was developed 
by British Telecom at an 
estimated cost of £300 rnOfian. 

Conventional wire-based 
telephone systems may not 
have a lengthy future. A report 
last week by Mintel, 
commisioued by Cellnet, pre- 
dicts that die cellular radio 
system — the basis for the 
currem splurge in mobile tele- 
phones — may begin to take 
over from current “hard 
wired” telecommunications by 
the mid 19901s as prices fall. 

Our first winner 

•Alastair MacmiTtaa was 
the winner of tire first in our 
series of competitions linked 
to tire DEC Schneider air 
race. Yon stiS have a chance 
to win a luxury weekend for 
two in New York witha 
return trip by Concorde. Our 
third competition is on 
page 30 # 

The sure, safe way to 
buy off the sheif 

The microcomputer is poised to be the 
PH^paj player in a new drama about to 
Britain’s high streets. The 
oaaie will be fought on two fronts. 

. The retailers of the machines are 
influe ntial in that transition and are 
preparing to market top-range personal 
outness machines with a level of 
professional support previously avail- 
able only through. dealerships. 

At the other end of the high street are 
the insurance brokers, who will be the 
most prolific new users of business 

Last week the disclosure by Laskys 
mat it would be one of the first groups in 
the high street to provide technical 

SUDDOTI tO micmcnmnnlm enlH off the 

But the support service has far more 
significance than stimulating an existing 
customer base. It will allow high-street 
retailers to slock sophisticated machines 
in large volumes and sell them off the 

Selling business microcomputers to 
small high-street traders - destined to be 
the prime customers of off-the-shelf 
personal microcomputers — will require 




»J|PPOrt to microcomputers sold 
shelf is the first visible chang e to indicate 
that high-street trading is on the edge of 

The Laskys service, which is provided 
through the software group In tori ex, 
gives the microcomputer customer three 
months' hot-line support for a £35 
premium. The purchaser, whose techni- 
cal literacy is poor and is matched by a 
lack of confidence about mastering the 
technology, will have a prop. 

Laskys, like many other of the top 
suppliers in the high street, has had 
problems with customers who cannot 
cope with badly written manuals and 
misuse software. 

The novel service is meant to give the 
customer more confidence in the prod- 
ucts and more confidence in his decision 
to purchase. 

By Bill Johnstone 

Technology correspondent 

that support 

At a stroke the number of high-street 
customers base will have been increased 
substantially with the traditional dealer- 
ships losing ground. 

The traditional methods adopted by 
the computer manufacturers in selling 
mainframes were jettisoned very early. A 
strategy based on teams of salesmen 
offering consultancy and personal ser- 
vice was obviously irrelevant to the 
challenge of selling microcomputers. 

At the lower end of the business 

computer market the man ufacturing 

formula is to make them cheap and stack 
them high. But what of the retailing? 

The profit margins have been cut to 
the bone and volume sales is the only 
answer. The vehicle for those sales is 
therefore the high-street consumer elec- 

tronics retailers and suppliers. 

It was that route which brought 
Amstrad to the door of the microcom- 
puter market and it is in anticipation of 
an Amstrad business machine - deemed 
to be an IBM clone — that the high street 
is making its preparations. 

At the other end of the high street a 
new source of customers is taking shape. 
The high-street brokers of insurance, 
financial expertise and stock are getting 
prepared for competition. 

The 10,000-plus general insurance 
brokers in the provinces are still not 
prolific users of computers. But they 
know they must convert 

Only about 1.000 of them are believed 
to have any form of computerization. 

These high-street traders are now 
under pressure from the building societ- 
ies in the wake of new legislation. The in- 
surance broker will be one of the new 
customers of the high-street microcom- 
puter retailers. These brokers win be 
prepared to buy a business machine in 
the IBM PC or clone range but will 
unquestionably need support 

Good computer procedures and ac- 
companying software which will allow 
instantaneous quotes to be given to 
potential customers is what the broker 

That necessity will also change the 
profile of micro retailers as they stock 
their shelves with banks of software, 
peripherals and any other props which 
the new customer base needs. 

Game for a renaissance 

By Geof Wheelwright 
While the hardware end of the 
home computer industry spec- 
ulates on what Alan Sugar will 
do with Sir Give Sinclair's 
computers — and whether or 
not anyone but Mr Sugar will 
survive next year in the 
British home computer manu- 
facturing business - the games 
software industry is under 
going a quiet renaissance. 

Gone are the days when 
software houses were going 
bust every five minutes and 
lawyers were making more out 
of the industry than the people 
in iL Today things move at a 
slightly more sedate pace, with 
most software houses well 
aware of the seasonal nature of 
their business and what they 
have to do to combat that. 

Some have tried to fight the 
traditional summer and posi- 
Chrisunas slumps — which 
leave many distributors 
weighed down with old stock 
— by either dropping the price 
or changing the nature of the 
games they produce. 

Companies such as 
Mastertronic have succesfully 
pioneered and developed a 
year-round budget games mar- 
ket. while others have special- 
ized to the point where games- 
plavers actually keep an eye 
out for their new products. 

The cult-like following 
achieved by many publishers 
of adventure-game software — 
id which you act out a role in a 
fantasy adventure by typing 
commands in response to text 

Tony Rainbird: “Develop- 
ment costs too high" 

and on-screen pictures — is a 
testament to the success of this 

The trend has become so 
marked that Firebird, the 
software arm of British 
Telecom, picked up on the 
popularity of this phenome- 
non last year and set up 
Rainbird Software under the 
leadership software industry 
veteran, Tony Rainbird. 

The new software division 
is devoted entirely to selling 
more serious computer games. 
But it is not only niche 
markets that keep the modern 
games software house in busi- 

In order to spend the kind of 
money needed to buy a best- 
selling game, software pub- 
lishers no longer rely on 
making money on UK sales 
alone.Increasingly British 
games software houses are 
looking to the US market to 

bolster their finances on a new 

Fortunately, the US market 
is also becoming more recep- 
tive to British software as 
many US games software 
houses abandon the older 
home computers, such as thi 
Commodore 64 and the Apple 
II. and leave the field a good 
deal more open. 

Mr Rainbird says; "It is no 
longer feasible just to produce 
software for the British. De- 
velopment costs are just too 

Mr Rainbird also credits 
several innovative solutions 
to the problem of ilie 
copying as contributing 
ther to the profit picture. 

Brtisb Telecom’s Lenslock 
copy protection scheme re- 
quires you to place a plastic 
decoder on the screen to read a 
randomly generated code ev- 
ery lime you want to play the 
game. It has been controver- 
sial — many genuine purchas- 
ers find it a great annoyance, 
but Mr Rainbird claims it has 
been a success. 

Rainbird recently put the 
system on a computer paint- 
ing program and found that 
unlike most software sales 
which start high and then tail 
off. possibly as the software 
pirates start making was an increase in 
sales every month. 

Mr Rainbird said: "We had 
no substantial loss on piracy — 
it outsold itself everv month.** 

look again 

at VDU 

From Per Isakssol 
in Stockholm 

Scientists said last week there 
was little evidence that preg- 
nant women working with 
computer screens give birth to 
children with defects, but 
further research was urgently 
needed to establish if any risks 

Professor Kjell Beigquist 
told reporters at an interna- 
tional conference in Stock- 
holm on the safety of 
computer video screens — 
now standard office equip- 
ment — that large-scale re- 
search into the effects of 
magnetic fields in screen is 
needed so scientists would 
have more data to work from. 

“I must stress that most 
studies are very new. We need 
to know more and it would be 
terribly wrong to say that there 
is no longer any cause for 
concern - there may be,” said 
Karen Nussbaum. a research- 
er with the US service 
employees' union. 

Scientists at the conference 
said findings by Swedish and 
Polish research teams on 
death and birth defects in 

Results suggest no 
dear links have 
yet been established 

mice exposed to radiation 
from screens were prelimi- 
nary. They had established no 
dear link with the physical 
impact on humans. 

Professor Bergquist said be 
would welcome manufactur- 
ers reducing electro-magnetic 
fields around screens — even 
though they might be harm- 
less — to' minimise public 

“We must face the fact that 
many people, especially preg- 
nant women, are still 
worried,” he sahLA Swedish 
study of chicken embryos 
which were exposed to mag- 
netic fields showed no abnor- 
malities. but a similar Finnish 
report indicated a marginal 
increase in defects. 

Scientists said at the confer- 
ence, which has attracted 
1.200 participants, that video 
screen operators suffered 
aches, pains and sudden bouts 
of sleep. (Reuter) 


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This is the third of a six-week 
series of competitions in con- 
junction with DEC (Digital 
Equipment Company} {inked 
to the DEC Schneider air race, 
with a first prize of a weekend 
for two in New York, with 
retain Concorde flights. 

The winner of the first 
week's competition was a Lon- 
don public relations director, 
Alastair Macmillan. He was, 
he says, brought up with the 
Schneider Trophy. “I bought 
my first book on the subject as 
far back as 1945.** be adds. 
His winning tie-breaker en- 
capsulated the principles of 
the original event, and in the 
judges' opinion was the out- 
standing entry in a very inven- 
tive field. 

His entry was: “Nations 
were inspired to develop high 
speed aircraft in circum- 
stances of friendly rivalry, not 

The Times/DEC Schneider Competition 

chance to win a Concorde flight 
s-as to New York 

There was a big response to 
the competition, with more 
than 60 calls within half an 
hour of the line opening at 7 
am, and a late surge just before 
die 11 pm deadline. Though 
many callers had correct nu- 
merical solutions, several 
managed, by some mathemati- 
cal quirk, to get a negative 

Mr Macmillan will join the 
other five winners on the Isle 
of Wight, where they will 
spend die weekend of the race 
as guests of DEC. At a gala 
dinner on June 21, the winner 
of the first prize will be 
announced. The next day, the 
winners, with their partners, 
will be part of the VIP party 
that will watch the race from a 

cruise ship moored off Ryde 
Pier, the finishing line. 

Prince Andrew, President of 
the Royal Aero Club, the body 
responsible for the race orga- 
nization, will start the event 
and will later present a replica 
of the original Schneider Tro- 
phy to the winner.^ 

In addition to the New York 
prize, there are champagne 
Concorde trips for the five 
other weekly winners and their 

© Last week’s solutions: 1, 
1914. 2. 8500.3, 160.4, 1904. 
5. I. 6, 1642. The numerical 
solution was 7027. 

© Last week’s winner was 
Claire Robertson of Muswelf 
Hill, London N10. 

The ill-fated Supermarine, in 1925 the world's fastest “float- 
plane'’, which crashed, during take-off, into Chesapeake 
Bay. on America's East Coast 

I) Jacques Schneider, who 
gave his name to the event . 
died on May ] at Beaulieu-sur- 
Mer. In what year? 

2 1 How many bvtes in one 

3) One of the earlier 
Supermarine aircraft crashed 
during trials in 1925. What 
model number was the 

41 One of the best-known 
names in the history of com- 
puting is Ada Lovelace, whose 
colourful life came to a close 
in what vear? 

5) Apart from winning the 
event outright. Great Britain 
won on a number of other 
occasions. How many times 
did this counirv win the 

6) On what number is the 
Hexadecimal system based? 
For this week's tie breaker 
answer this question in no 
more than 1 5 words. 

© Would a resumption of 
speed trials, similar to the 
original event, lead to compa- 
rable advances in aviation and 

’* - - . .V. , • , 

V* -y.-Y 
• ;*• - 

'te" • , ' ' -‘-v ••• - : • 

Ada Lovelace figures in computing history 


- After answering each of the six 
questions, and writing your tie- 
breaking sentence, please follow 
these instructions carefully. 

!. Add together the answers to 
the first three questions. 

2. Do the same with the last 
three questions. 

3. Subtract the sum of answers 
4-6 from the sum of answers 1-3. 

4. This will produce a four digit 
number, which is this week’s 
numerical solution. 

5. On Sunday May 25. between 
7 am and H pm. call 01 400 
8464. which is the Tlmes-DEC 
Schneider hot line. 

6. You will be asked for the 
following information when you 
make your call: 

The numerical solution, the 
tie-breaking sentence, your 
name and a day-time phone 
number. Please have all this 
information to hand to enable 
the entry to be processed 

• The competition hot line will 
be operational only during the 
stated hours. Employees of News 
International pic and DEC, and 
members of their immediate 
families are not eligible to enter 
, the competition. In any dispute 
the editor’s derision is final and 
no correspondence will be en- 
tered into. 

By Mark Needham 
Competition is brewing be- 
tween IBM and British 
Telecom to provide on-line 
computer services to the many 
thousands of small r firms of 
insurance agents and brokers 
selling life assurance, pension 
and unit trust investments. 

For several years. City insti- 
tutions have been using on- 
line information and dealing 
systems to make their invest- 
ments. The providers of the 

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ofdliht top bonds (Dysan, GSM, SJA, etc), 
fully guaranteed, from only £1 JO. 

(Pages 28-32). 

oil line for a lively battle 

new networks hope that high- 
street brokers will also use 
their computer terminals to 
conduct business. 

In June. British Telecom 
plans to launch two different 
networks, which will allow 
brokers to use information 
provided by more than 20 big 
insurance companies. Many 
companies already quote their 
rates on Rrestel. usually in 
closed user groups which are 

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open only to those who sell 
insurance for a living. 

The new networks, called 
Delegate and Medial, allow 
salesmen to make inquiries 
about policies held by their 
clients. BT says that the more 
expensive network. Medial, 
will allow insurance contracts 
to be placed by the broker 
directly from his microcom- 
puter, but that this facility is 
not yet on offer. 

VOU taking over your desk? 

Slide ii cm of the wav with the Mias 
Gbdeawry. Foil entnforr adjustment, 
v Supports heavy terminaL (Page 12). 

IBM -is advertising a 
scheme that links brokers 
directly with the big insurance 
companies through personal 
computers. Their network, 
Unidex. competes directly 
with British Telecoms Medial. 
Pilot schemes from both com- 
panies have been running for 
almost a year. 

Commercial Union was one 
of the first insurers to be 
involved with networks. Like 

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several of the big insurance 
companies, CU has joined 
both IBM and BT networks. 

Mike Finder, a life market- 
ing manager, explained that 
since the two networks could 
be expected to reach different 
populations, Commercial 
Union had joined both in 
order to reach as many insur- 
ance agents as possible. 

I CL has also produced an 
insurance network, in con- 
junction with two computer 
firms which have been active 
in tbe insurance sector for 
some lime. ICL’s network bad 
advantages for brokers whose 
main business is in motor or 
household insurance and thus 
ICL does not compete directly 
with BT and IBM, which have 
geared their approach towards 
life and investment business. 

K ester Whitehead, a direc- 
tor of Mitronix. one of the 
companies cooperating with 
ICL, claims that their network 
has been better received by the 
brokers who actually have to 
use iL 

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IBM set 
to play 
it the 
CD way 

By David Guest 
The IBM PC may well be 
equipped with a built-in com- 
pact disc player by this time 
next month. 

But that does not mean that 
the world’s most humourless 
corporation is going into the 
lighi-entertainmeat business. 
Compact discs in personal 
computers mark another stage 
in tbe remorseless advance of 
technology — another tech- 
nique has emerged from the 
laboratory on to the produc- 
tion line. 

IBM's CD-ROM, a compact 
disc carrying vast quantities of 
data that can be read but not 
overwritten, is expected to be 
launched in the US in June. It 
is thought to be a 5Kin. unit, 
the same diameter as the PCs 
floppy discs. Tbe cost could 
work out at S 1,600. 

Tbe likely storage capacity 
of tbe unit is 500Mb to 
600Mb, or about 150.000 
tightly typed A4 pages. Con- 
ventional hard discs of 20Mb 
capacity cost from $550 in the 

A useful alternative 
to the microfiche 

US at the moment, but the 
economies of scale have one 
important drawback — CD- 
ROMs are strictly one-way 
streets and their contents can- 
not readily be changed. 

In some instances this is not 
a problem; CD-ROMs could 
be a useful alternative to 
microfiche in libraries, for 
example, and programs that 
are not likely to change could 
be stored on them. 

Tbe technology also has 
several advantages over con- 
ventional magnetic media be- 
sides the increase in volume 
that it promises. Encased in a 
rigid transparent moulding, 
they can be removed and 
carried about; they are in any 
case more durable and resil- 
ient - witness tbe compact 
disc players built into proto- 
type cars demonstrated at the 
recent Turin motor show. 

The data they contain is 
also longer-lasting. Data on a 
disc fades in time, like the 
image on a photograph; mag- 
netic discs have to be 
“refreshed” every three years, 
but the makers of optically 
read discs claim a life of 10 
years before the data needs a 

The discs can, of course, 
hold images and sound be- 

At least ten years 
before a facelift 

sides computer data. There 
may be no immediately appar- 
ent reason for PC users to 
transform their systems into 
disco accessories, but the com- 
puter industry’s technologists 
can be relied on to find one. 
Presentation graphics suggest 
a possible route. 

The technology that gives 1 
optical discs their vast capari- ■ 
ty is also responsible for their 
main limitation. Data is regis- 
tered as changes in the reflec- 
tivity of the disc's surface; 
these are picked up from a 
low-power laser beam. 

The laser can be focussed to 
one micrometer, enabling tbe 
data to be packed much more 
tightly than on a magnetic 
disc. But the changes in reflec- 
tivity have to be effected by 
physical means, usually 
minute pits or bubbles on the 
surface of the disc. This lends 
a certain permanence to the 

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59/6J Theobakfs Road. London WC1X 85F Tel 0J-dOd 4554 * 

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'Where to complete your 
business transformation. 

277104. AT CeapotaHhftt Bristol. 

Ufestoa-Supflf-ilaie. (0934) 41ffl9tL 
(07S| 417626- Saw! Sfltew. BnsW. 

Comprtar Senices. WBSto&Super-ltoe. fK34} 41B B46. 

37I7B9. Plus B uswbss S ystoLM. 

BERKSHIRE Hnnsysteas Een&a jamjjt | 075 J 

LfiacJj U4 Rsafo}. (0734) 661149. HW Micm LtttasaiteWefa. 

Hea An. P 734 J 50 B 7 B 7 . 8 UCH 1 HGHAMSHIRE 
Broup Ltd. A*ta 4 nty ( 02 S 6 ) 35311 . FrOTAsswaateUlBsc^B. 
W:|B 280 |ffl 8087 . P D Itonaatts. taapimiA AytelmytCT 
37601 . I^BIllDfflSlHREA^BtciiiessCo^eatobWBt 
(D 223 ) 31 S 80 . tte&^W ^ Tfca ... 
Cemputer totfra. fttertaw**. ( 07331 48887 . CHESHIRE HbWot Ut 
tfitotslsH RC 251 529486 . QlVELANDLateAbngeaflots^slBTO. 
MhMtelirauqlL 106421 227285 - CtfWYD CtBStf EBB^lttgn. 8 ty L 
( 0745 ) SS 63 CQ. DUMAM KmntedQe U 4 EhasW-le-Stim. [ 038 ^ , 
881014 . Satam Sectrarics LbL Hartlfl flpii te- [ 0325 ) £ 7765 . 
PUUBKd tofefe Conpit^i Certre. Cartsle. $228 48345 . EnW , 
pg»m p nnm e« Syfleas teliste. ( 02281 44044 . Fanaan Coapata. 
Carlufc. {Q 22 SI 48345 . OSfON Eu Cfanpier SerYBBULExeter. 
( 0392 ) 217417 . WOTSmlh f 07 ^ 67t ^ 1 SP 1 ® 

Sostass Computers LU. PtjrMiflfi. [ 0752 ) 223 ) 30 . DO RSET 
RomHmitli Csnosters. BnemeBnuttL F 020 Z) 235959 . NftSteS 

SpteBsLtt.flDOTraBMtt,(0202] 758600. SificatCtaCampatosUtL 
WeyrntwIlL (0305) 7H75B2. SHicqi CWo Coapatera Lt«L Weywnrtti. 
(fCiSj 7S37S. ESSEX Mcfiester Computers Ltd. Mcteter (ISOQ 
572571. Heatej Wot SfdetaUlBasWwi (0288) 416155. 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE Caap4nWM. CMtafasa. [0242] 5)51 52. 
GKATtH LONDON G1 CODWOtvs Lid, Sffll. 01-2282207. AR 
SlStUB Lit «CL 01-831 9977 Ante feoptfes LM. Wl. 01-434 425L 
AT CraqmterinrU. M2. W-836 9593. AT CMWtaffsrld. H2. 01-929 
1446. AT CanpoteriAforid. EC4. 01-236 1006. ATCBopBteflSwM.SBL 
01-630 0351 Adww»dC«Dpoter Services UAWC2.BS-8ffiSB32. 
AinaJI pic. SMTI. 0H534 9000. Basra Systenc Ui Lo«ton W4. TbL 01- 
9944394. Zwx# Csnputsrs. Uatta ED. Tti: 0)-583 1990. Creel 
data InfaTTOtoa LM. Lottao Wl. kl: 01-482 IZS4. CSS (Systems) LH. 
E14, 01-515 0099. Eacotta toaptentm UA.mi. B1-7EJ 8831 
Indepentat emptier Satetkrcs. tfl. 0T-734 2SI3. tateniata (C8y) Ltd. 
SE1S. 01-761 4135. LtuteCompsier Cartre LtLWl. 01-387 4455. 
IUXL.N2. 01-262 7377. Micro Csnpatatfea LM. H14. 01-882 5W. 
Patrick Leadt Ul 04.01-248 0454. Peseta Canpatu Sb^Sb UL 
SWT. 01-222 5981. Spn>MicncaatatBrS-WI.Dl-63689Ql Sleptai 
PbiSjaMjcmystes. 912. 01-346 7500. Itts Vhstniater. SW. IB-222 
5981. TaMiSysteas6iv9UlSW5.Dl'7ffi78K.feBaS|stasL2iL 
Wn.m-8312952. Tte Appeal Fann.ffl.m-4M 0484. VsssS&m 
CMpoters LbL ffl. 01-251 94H. GREATER MANCHESTER 
Autafriess Ltd. Ifetbctlm Hudtferefiefi (8484) EKITI. 

CaBRHJterWBrid. Manchester 05T-B32 83ZZ. J M Cmnjateo. 
HascbesteL0Q-T9SS677. iBnaCampater Systems UtMandaste. 
061-225 831). Wa^CflsprtnqLrt.SlKiptift 061-456 0104. GOTHT 
Sure Coapufeg LbL CbBpstB* (02912) 5315f7. BAMPSHOTEbtes 
Lli Aitarer. [0264J 59255. AT&rapBteritaM,SiRitbaBipteL(fl703J 
325631 CwnsaRUilfiKtastei {096^679)0. torapdore Bastass 
Coflijalo s. BasiH iStete. (0256) 463764. Artraw Data Senses Ltd. 
Farefcaa. [0705] 325212. Ctacc Business Cs^Blm.Psrt3aQattL 
(0705)671828. UMBwke [fetas LbL Eest TrsieA PJ420J 58851, 
HEREFORD & WORCESTER Xsa4alCtaputer(Vtoc.]liLWimslaL I 
(0905) 612931. HERTFORDSHIRE Afsca WL P. 6 Coots. LU. Easl 
Bamd. 0-440 9411. Brett Bksbks Cfii^Btes Lfd, Hfl cta. (0462) 

50371 Vision Bustass Systems LUL SL Ateans. (0727) 38131. 
HUMBERSIDE « Cmapdertterit WLp322l 6«1H. KENT ABK 
CnaptWng. Canteifevy: (D2Z7J «0200. Mma6 Ctapdsr Smicei UA 
Matatene. (0622)688111. Apbres Software S Cmnptes. Harpate. 
(0843)294699. AphresSsIlimGCngriBrxCtaBlKi(i.(l^7) 

471715. AsManiBnim8sSyctenU4.ktaT^97SQ35ZB81 
Bn^BHSDesstaq»ten.BraBla|.aM60ffi26. Moqta 
Coerajocatisns LbL Q^stad. [0732] 45700. mate Cmpter 
Systems. Dew. (8304) 21SZ21. UMCAS8ME Axn Cwrtter^fstefla. 
CanriflTft. iD4ffl 4HB4. Bsntey Office Supplies. Baratay. I02BZ1 S333S. 
Bextrafife Ltd. Btodtera. R1ZS4) 89123S. Hipac LU Laacaster. PEZ4) 
62031 Western BustaessSystons Ud. SLAnes. (0253) 729156. 
LEICESTERSHIRE AT Cn^BtetWorte. LBcastet (053^ 550661. 
Camputertand Lataster. Tburaastaa. (0533) 600731 UNCOtliSHDtE 
Tfc Canpiter Certre. Breyterd Wtarf EasL (0522) 44997. 

MB1SEYSIDE AT CesputerWoriL LtenpaoL 051-236 Dll AT 
ComputwWwW. tiwpad. 83-708 8499. DaoraWBasBiss Software 
Lli LnetpeaL (£1-236 259. JMCsnpolan.lirapoBL 051-734 4545. 

K M (taipu&rg. Birkenbead. 051-630 102a MIDDLESEX Anicre 
Systems LMiHimskm Wed. 0-570 0664. KudalCdqniterGnnqiUri. 
EnlieM. 01-368 MH. WHStafi BBHmCaBp^Hoasaiw.ffl-572 
1577. Wtsm HBftes. Rtefep. ffi-864 5383. NORFOLK Aa^a Bbsmss 
bntaoter LUL HsnnclL (0603)612551 NORTH WOLES Bmal 
CoopBlw Systems. Bacgot (0248) 353782. NORTH YORKSHIRE 
Pemine CtapNer Ci U1 Harragtfe. (042^65165. 
NORTHAMFTQNSRnEQaDMreBuHnas Systems ULSartlanphuL 
(0604) 36231. MMM Accountl^. Baienfry, (03272) 71759. 
N0TT1NGHAR1SHIRE Tte Data Baa (IMtiagbaii] LM. Sottiiqtera. 
(0SQ2) 413244. 0X0N Oxbrt Ota Systems. Cnrtay. (0869 717720. 
SHROPSHIRE CttnpBtetWartlSf wstay, (0743) 248522. PSM 
Were Compriere LU TsffnnL (D95g 507670. SOMERSET Kssywosd 
Computing LbL tori. (D93Q 71T17. SOUTH GLAMORGAN AT 
CanpnteiWorid. CanJifL (022Z) 378411. SET (CanH)UiL(M». (0222) 
42227. SOUTH HUHBER9DECnpBsCanputte§.GifB©y.(047Q 
50861. &imsbyltec.6r«stiy. (0472)362779. Vena Coaster Systems, 
daettapes. (0472) 58561. SOUTH YORKSHIRE CnpnterWvU, 
ShefltaL (0742) 7H84& PrtfesstaaJ System Besip. [toaster 
(0302)884416. STAFFORDSHIRE COTpetag Senses ULStataflft- 
TimL (0782) 286015. ODab. Sed^ey. (09073) 63115. SUfHHJt 
Mtcntek. IpswietL (0473) 59H1. SURREY AT Cefflpflterthrtt Croydsii 
01-680 1852. Carter Pan^t fiMigbl Ub^. Smtliia. 01-644 4355 l CanriHe 
CcmpBlErSeraus. Oaring. (03)6) 887244. OS Ca^x&r Services. 
Owfetei (0306)885507. FainneofU Data Systeas Lti Weyfanigt pg32) 
56941. Faralara Office Sqpiies. Fsretaa. (0252) 877584. Hamwefl 
(UK) ULKngstea. 01-5411541. Kevriff Systems LU. Waftw-an-Ttanes. 
[09321248328. Mtan En|iaeerin| Ud. SoWoe. 01-380 5678. Stem 
Systems. Epsom. (0372) 722890. TBCULCniytlaiL 01-8808080. Tim 
Accounting House, fetefey. p25Z) B77S4. AT CmaputBrUferU Cmitey. 
(029$ 543301. SUSSEX Saottan Mien Goopderc LU, Itewtniaa. 
(0273)514724. SauttanMicraCBmpittenUd. Brighten. 0)27$ 5t4 
724. TYNER WEAR HR btonsfwai LU.tawastte^en-Tme. 091- 
2739261. ItaitaVetaLULHoinUteOpan-^R. 091-261 0132. 
WARWICKSHIRE Greengap CompUffs. HagtyL (078$ 70561 WEST 
GLAMORGAN OraganSydEtisULSwaBses. (07%) 474498. Wen 
Compass SystussLU. Swansea. (079$ 470731 SET (Canfiff) UrL 
Swansea. (0792) 488015. WEST MIDLANDS AT bmptferiHarU. 

Corerdry. (0203) 23582. Camprtertforii WshrertamptHi. (0902] 712121. 
CompufartlftiiM. Bjrmtagaa. 021-643 53SL Dmw* Hictn LbL 
Katesowrt. El-550 4688. Wepemtenl Systecs LbL Batesewen. 021- 
5508887. Isis UlIlMiestari. El-556 2660. Kcr otf y m nia LU. 
BkmiBjtBm. 0ZI-455 7971. Knar CDopnbog LU. KrePaBtaD. 03-455 
7766. Trepa Conseftants Ltd. WabesfiekL (US0ZJ 730ED. WesbraaA 
Compifets UlBirminglBR. 021-043 8680. WEST SUSSEX Micbad 
Business Systems LU. florgosa HAL (04446} 45636. Orcbari. Bwsftao. 
(0403] 684GL TUB Compotar SefTOs. Nstb&mne. RearCSctedet 
(0243] 377421. W H Sraftb Bosmess Cmnprter. Ctawiay. (0293) 2S77B. 
WEST YORKSHIRE AT ConpUeilRoitd. BraMarl (0274) 728431/2. 

Barra Systems. Leeds. (0532) 590744. CompmaWartL Leeds. (05323 
433411. Deans Computer Senices LM. Leeds. (0532)432796 Btec 
Computers. Bradfarri. |0274) 722511 HoUeu LU. Lesds. (0532) 

459458. IBS. lads (0532) 458132. MogAyte LM. Braittsnf. (0Z74) 

688541. PoiUneCfsnputers Co Ultfafitai. (0422) 41710. Kano 
Canpoten. Bradtord. (0Z74) 309386. Sahosu Etechvmcs LU. Ottey. 

[0943) 465321. VHA Calmer Sendees. Ub4s.|0S32| 732442 

WILTSHIRE CowpulertMortt Swtahm. (0793) 7H449. 
WORCESTERSHIRE Micndyammcs Lti Baibesm P1905) 611808. 

West PWtanO Com pater Supplies. KiMenaimter. (Q56Z) 744666. 

SCOTLAND. AYRSHIRE Htnotecb Microsystems LUL IQbaanmck. 

(0563) 43072. DUMFRIES & GALLOWAY Cnitel Micro Business 
Systems. Dumfries. (0387) 69951. FIFE C8 Bosmess Mods Lti 
KirtcaWy (0592) Z02958. Tbe James Wtew Computer Gmm. 

Dunfiimlme. (B388) 7ZT62S. GRAMPIAN Compeie«1M)Hi Atadeaa 
(0224) 572200. Gate Nicrasystaus Ui teertm. (02241 590451. 
TysgaUtataterLiiAtarieen. Jfl224)6473K. LOTHIAN 
ComputeiWBili). Edisburgb. 031-337 S170. Pulse Busmess Systems LM. 
Etatergi 031-228 9882. STRATHCUrDE C B Boshnss Systems Ui 
Glasgow 041-339 2237. Dual Business LUL Ayr. (0282) 20776. 6ste 

Konfecb Mcmysfems Lti 

Ghsgro 041-7 7B 8585. Ba ta Wcrncoaputets Ui Pasgaw P41-221 
8413. Select Mimsystems Lit BlaJSWt 041-248 2422. TAYSIDE Gate 
Mcmsyslmns Lli Dundee (D382) 28194. 

IRELAND Asdsn Computers Ui Lisburn. (D8462) 74431. Qosm 

^ 75,271 ■ 1 Cmn P>lw Canny Dorn. 
(02317)^48. Orbed 1oM Cmnfraimg. Dolifio 2. On&fa 7BK41. 

Cdfins lli Jersey (0534) 39138. Goensey 
Compters Lli Guernsey. (0481) 28738. 

ISi£ OF MAN Island Com pater Centre LM. Dngbs. (E24) 24624. 












I&o ur 21st birthday 

ii the past 21 years. Apricot has liter- 

aily changed the face of business and personal 
computers. In both design and eigonomics. 

oo although we actually came of age years 
ago, we decided now was a good time to 

We’re staging exhibitions of Apricot 
computers in all our top dealerships around 
the country. 

And^we’re calling the event Apricot Expo 21. 

Don’t miss it There’s so much on offer, 
you could be excused for thinking it was your 
birthday, too. 

Yoifll be able to see the complete range of 
Apricot computers in action. From the 
Apncot Xen - the fastest, most sophisticated 
computer on the market - to the popular 
Apricot Collection. 

Not forgetting, of course, the award 
winning Apricot Xi, on which we’re making a 
special offer during our celebrations. 

We’re having a 21-day 

Apricot Expo 21 will run for 21 days - from 
19 May 1986 to 8 June 1986 — which will give 
you plenty of time to assess just how dramatic- 
ally an Apricot computer could transform 
your business. 

You’ll also see why the Apricot Xi has 
been such an outstanding success, and what 
made it “Business Microcomputer of the 

And although looks aren’t everything, 
you’ll be particularly impressed by the XTs 
sheer design quality. In feet, styling and 
elegance are features of all Apricot computers. 

Ergonomically, they’re unequalled Which 
is why they’ve won more awards than any 
other micros. 

A pricot’s birthday present 
to you - £400 worm of 
FREE software 

If you decide to complete your business 
transformation during our 21-day celebrations, 
we’ll make you a very generous present. 

With the Apricot Xi we’re giving away 
software vouchers to the value of £400. 

Unlike some “free” software offers, this is 
not an excuse to dispose of unwanted or 
obsolete stock. 

On the contrary, all the Apricot packages on 
offer are highly regarded 
for their functionality 
and technical excell- ■ 

ence, and all are 
currently in reg- 
ular demand 

You are 
invited to 
any of 

the range your 
selected Apricot dealer 
has in stock. 


Win a £3000 

The Apricot Xi (above) 

The Apricot XEN and F10 (opposite) 

holiday in paradise 

/ . A visit to your Apricot dealer 

fi / i during Apricot Expo 21 could trag- 
i' / form more than your business. It could 
also give you a whole new perspective 
on life. By entering a simple competition, 
you could win a fabulous holiday for two in 
paradise. There are 10 sets of luxury luggage 
for the runners-up, plus 100 Boston Barbecues 
as consolation prizes. 

So why not visit your local dealer and help us 
celebrate. You could end up congratulating yourself 
on your best business decision for years. 

an invitation to your party - Apricot Expo 21 - and 
my free software voucher. 





Post to Apricot UK Limited, FREEPOST. Shenstone House, 
Dudley Road, Halesowen, West Midlands B63 1BR. 
Telephone: Freefone Apricot via the operator. 

T 20/5 


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1986 . 

r und 



Family fun, down on the screen 

By Peta Levi 
There has been & shift Of 
emphasis in the world of 
summer computer camps 
since they first became popu- 
lar in the UK five years ago. 
While young people are still 
interested _ in prog ramming 
and teaming computer lan- 
guages, many others want to 
team about business software 
such as word processing and 
fin a n cial spreadsheets. 

This increasing interest on 
the part of adults may be 
driven by a desire to become 
computer-literate and keep up 
with their children are team- 
ing at school. But prospective 
visitors should not be misled 
by the use of tbe words 
“computer camp** — a term 
imported from the US. 

In the UK it can mean just a 
course in computing, full or 
pan-time, usually for a week 
and sometimes residential. 
They tend to take place in 
country houses, schools or 
university campuses. 

One of the best specialist 
computer holidays is Comput- 
er Park 86, which wifi be ran 
for a fifth year in a Northamp- 
tonshire country house near 
Kettering by computer train- 
ing specialists Allen Carter 
and Peter Tilsley. It is small — 
no more than 40 participants 
per week — friendly and 
informal and suitable for 
one over the age of 10. 

- Mr Carter says tbe growth 
areas of interest are in artifi- 
cial intelligence, computer 
.communications and 
networking. Hie courses will 
. run each week from July 26 to 
Aug 9 and cost £197. 

Dolphin Adventure Hoh- 


days started in 1981 with 
backing from the Department 
of Trade amd Industry and 
has now grown into an Ameri- 
can style summer camp opera- 
tor. It has 25 centres around 
Britain and offers residential 
and day courses and multi- 
activity holiday with a com- 
puter option. 

Director Nicholas Goddard 
says over 8,000 children have 
already booked for this sum- 
mer and though only 5 per 
cent wfil take the computer 
option, most will use comput- 
ers at some stage during die 
week. Courses run from July 
19 to August 30, with a £165 
residential course for seven to 
16- year olds and day camps 
for the three to 14 age group. 

Camp Aldenham, again in 
its fifth year, is run by 
Aldenham School in Ebtree, 
Hertfordshire and offers a 
computing option in day 
camps fix' seven to 13 year 
olds. It wifi run from July 21 
to Aug 18 and costs £98. 

The Millfield Village of 
Education is run by Millfield- 
School in Street, Somerset It 
was the first to start computer 
camp style courses in Britain 
in 1979, and has a one-week 
course mom July 28 to August 
18th with 95 different activi- 
ties including computing. All 
ages are accepted including 
senior citizens and there is a 
creche for three to five-year 
olds. The residential fee with 
the computing course is £99. 

Faintpot Computers have a ■ 
specialist coarse in computer* 
graphics for adults particularly 
graphic designers, photogra- 
phers and animators. Based at 
the University Science Park in 

A new data 
for the late, 
late comers 


Computer users who have missed the Mayl 1 
dead&ne tor registering under the Data Protec- 
tion Act now hava urrtflthe mkkUe of Jufy to neg- 

V, **” 

Registrar Eric Howe in adopting a lenient 
approach to those who have tided to register 
says be has received only 110.00 applications 
out of an estimated 300,600. He wSi leave any 

Mr Howe had prevkxisfy warned that “from May 
11. onwards those companies and inrfividuals 
which have not registered wffl have comitted an 
offence and If I choose to take ft to the Crown 
Court they will face imfimted fines". 

Comparers are proving fan for all ages 

Chilworth, Southampton 
courses of different lengths 
start on June 2, 16 and 21 at 
£110 per day and are not 
residential From September a 
course in electronic publishing 
on desktop computers will be 

A university accomodation, 
consortium has an informa- 
tion sheet on many unrversites 
such as Loughborough, Lan- 
caster, Exeter and Bradford 
which run computer courses 
as part of their summer 
courses for families. 

Finally for anyone who. 

wants to start their own 
community camp, and partic- 
ularly those who can't afford 
the above camps, tbe Inter- 
Action Trust will offer advice 
and information on how to set 
one up. It hopes that people 
with computing skfliswiD help 
in local camps. Since 1982 tbe 
Trust has helped set up over 
1 00 camps in 20 cities and has 
a mobile unit which gives 
demonstrations on how to set 
up a camp for tbe main uses of 

It also runs seminars on 
how to make computer 

courses interesting and has 
just received a £25,000 grant 
from the Department of Edu- 
cation and Science id help 
develop young people's com- 1 

puling <dcy1s. 

Computer Park 86 0536 
712627; Dolphin Adventure j 
Holidays 0444 458177; Camp \ 
Aldenham 0927 67553; 

Millfield Village of Education 1 
0458 42291 ext 245; Painpot I 
Computers 0703 760359; Brit- 
ish Universities Accomodation 
Consortium 0602 504571; In- 1 
ter Action Trust 01 511 0411 

merger of the 

BUimsnthal said 
to increase 
not specified by 

Kscussslons over toe 
computer firms 
last weekend. The 

group, Michael 

the company was 

its bid for 
how much. Last 
“wholly inadequate" Burroughs' $4 bSBon 
takeover bid and countered ft with & $2A MBon 
offer to buy back its own shares that would leave 
ft heavily in debt 


a simfiar offer by Burroughs test 
shareholders jjpt forespon^to ^,^ 

a purchase afar* or up to 295 a {Swon&S?y 
shares at $80 per share. Analysts saw S~ — 
move as an attempt to increase the Bur 


| (Both Long & Short Term For Senior Computer Staff}] 

Analyst/Programmers with; 

KL K29 eftfi goad fa— hdge at TPS (Loadaaj 
MX/FOfUMN ett WFC0N. FMC0M ar AHSYS (Lada) 

MMX IV ft COBOL atog TS0/SPF system eMawaaat (Lada) 

Pt/1 •& ADMAS ft ADAMNT (Lada) 


A0ABAS/MTURA1/C0B0L rimJsfmeal (Wired*) 

Maas Leva! CHS Assembler (Sony) 

HOGAN baafcfag marines (Laarfaa) 

HI BIOS COBOL anfafimrnrn (Uraton) 

ADR Datma/IDCAL (Wloadaa) 

BPS 111 (Hates ft Loodae) 

BMS/ADS re-fas iterdoawwgl IWXaadMl 
COBOl/CtCS att MnaglSofS. LONDON) 

RP6 11 mrn MAAPICS ft IMP detenUt (Burial . 

Atmans G eg i aa a riag package daveJojxaael (S. Ladas) 

MM AsfW ar aiafaHniara (C. Loadoa) 

MVS Bafaft COBOL (Huh) 


MVS JJCL (Lflflda) 

tasBaaca to eat ad g a (Sonsy) 

(Other contracts available 
and senior permanent work) 

ISPS ft prof taatfsg (Lada) 



.• m 

MorieyHsSrSuite 1Z5thfL31±322RegentSL, W1 

Outstanding opportunity for 


To join a 

it company in the TYPESETTING 


Small successful company selling worldwide on Personal Computers 
requires further Systems Anafysts/Programmers to head small 
development team. 

Must have IBM PC knowledge and typesetting experience. 

Based in Midlands; worldwide travel 
Excellent salary: can Directorship potential 

Pts CaH (0332) 811814 

A key to unlock 
conversion costs 

By Richard Sarson 

Robb Wfimot a leadxngpropo- 
nest of European co-operation 
m technology jg taeHag 
a new challenge. Until last 
December he was C hair area ol 
ICL and has spent the last six 
months showing the Evopean 
computer industry how to 
collaborate by setting ap Euro- 
pean SQtcon Structures, a paa- 
Earopesn company to 
castom-bnfit chips. * 

Now that spring has come, 
he has set himself the target of 
reducing the costs of large- 
scale computing in die hope 
Hut araidnationab ottw 
large companies aright start 
buying comp e te ! s m balk 

He says Ire wfll try to *take 
away the stalemate* which has 
frozen tte growth and profits 
of the top half of the computer 
industry in the lart few yean. 

He argnes that the eastern- 
ers have closed their cheque 
books, because the mainframe 
industry is offering them what 
they do not want, at too high a 

Mr Wfimot rites as one 
example of this, General Mo- 
tors, who were so dissatisfied 
by computer suppliers lack of 
gtoodardfeafSon in mannfao- 
that it has set its own 
called MAP. 

Prices are too high because 
tire architecture of most main- 
frames and their operating 
systems date from the ’70s. 
Mr WUrnot believes that 
mainframe systems, with ap to 
32 terminals, enntntiy costing 
$500,000, could provide tire- 
same perfo rma nce for only 
$50,000 using modern nrini- 
compoter hardware. 

The obstacle to making 
these savings is that the 
existing systems are written 

using proprietary operating 
systems, whereas modern 
hardware could use Unix, a 
‘portable 1 operating systa 
developed in AT&T's Bell 

Until now, the conversion to 
Unix has been too costly. 
However Mr Wfimot daims 
that he has found the key m a 
set of amvershm tools. These 
will take s y ste m s written un- 
der IBM's mainframe opent- 
mg fBiimiimeaf, CICS/MVS, 
and convert them for Unix, in 
a tenth of the time taken with 
ordinary maana l methods. 

Mr Wfimot is acting as an 
inte r na tio n a l adviser to Root 
computers, which dev e l oped 
tire prod art, to help them seO 
their eoave r sw n tools to soft- 
ware houses around the world 
who write software for IBM 
mainframes. He wfil also try 
and sell it to the computer 
departments of tire nntim- 
tinnai companies. 

Hitherto, Unix audits prac- 
titioners have had a technical 
and academic flavour and 
there has been fitlle large- 
company commercial software 
w rit te n for die Unix world. 

Mr Wfimot is now predict- j 
ing a flood of commercial 
sy ste m s, and if bis startling 
daim that a $50,000 on com- 1 
pater mil soon buy toe same j 
performance as $5<HUK)0 on a , 
matoframe, turns ont to he tine , 
the cost of compe tin g wfll 
phamneL Hopefully castes 
ers will mice again open their j 
cheque books -tbe only losers 
wfll be CBM and the other 
mainframe suppliers. 

European Strategic Program Mr Leary hre written a program called Mind 
nd Development . It fends Mimor which fs described as part tool, part game 

“Fve got them all talking 
to each other at last— hot 
now they’re ignoring me!” 

The European Community Commission has 
[jed EEC nations to step up spending on four 
vanced technology research programs or 
face the prospect of falling further behind the 
United States and Japan, ft said demand for 
funding for these programs which were 
launched a few years ago was fast outstripping 
available resources forcing foe commission to 
refect valuable projects. 

A commission official Wffly Hefln, said the 
EEC’s research efforts under the Esprit pco- 
wtrich bran in 1984 on a budget of 
►1.5 bifton over five years, must be tnpted. 
Esprit stands for 

for Research and Development. It 
research into and development of advanced 
microelectronics, inducing software technol- 
' manufacturing and 
information processing. 

It Is the EC's flagship research effort and has 
been hailed as one that wffl bring Europe kite the 
forefront of foe high-technology explosion. 
Critics have complained that foe fending for foe 
p r ogr amme pales, compared to that of Japa- 
nese and US industrial giants, which spend 
more than $2 bfflton a year on research each. 

■ Chinese ideographs can now be programmed 
into a computer in a way similar to Western 
: is claimed , using a keyboard with 
only 26 keys and using foe Zheng code 
developed by an 80-year-oicJ scholar, Zheng Yifi, 
of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sci- 

He sakf’Jt took me five years to develop foe 
code. My aim was to reduce foe number of 
typing hand movements." The program enables 
commonly used components of Chinese 
Woegraphs , foe radicals, to be set on 26 keys 

and part phaosopheron a disc. Mr Leary himself 
describes it as headware for foe computer 
generation. Lfte its chemical predecessor. Mind 
Minor is intended to expand foe minds of those 
who tune In, turn on and boot up. Mr Leary said: 
”1 see the computer as an electronic mirror of 
the mind. It allows you to take any thought or 
concept and slice ft, microscope ft, magnify it, 
plot it, or change it” 


making it fairly fast in comparison with others. 

UK Events 

■ Amstrad Computer Show, Novotel. Hammer- 
smith, London Wfe June 13-15, (061-456 8835) 

■ Computer 88, G-Mex Exhibition Centre, 
Manchester, June 24-26, (01-643 8040) 

Acorn User Exhibition, Barbican, London EC2, 
July 24-27, (01-349 4667) 

■ New Technologies In 
Town Hafl, London, September 
(pi-727 1929) 


■ Comdex International Nice, France, June 

■ Comdex Australia, Royal Agricultural Society 
Showground, Sydney, September 2-5(01-930 


Chief Executive 



Major Software 

Newbury Based £15k Plus Car + 

requires any of following skflts, COBOL, CfCS, DL1. RPG11. PL1 etc. 


Experienced RPGfl/ MAAPICS professional to run 

systems 38 based department 


Home Counties to 223AM- 

known company, requires RP611/111 prafessionate at an terete. Excellent 

T ECH Europe £3JM0 

Ten^r h0t ? se wpfres very experienced system progra m mer. Must have MVS VTAM. 
TS0 etc. first class package includes relocation. 

ftewv^nc^arc rrochtng OCR ; every day. Details of an suitable candidates are sent to our cfients. By 
registenng wtl> GCR your details will be seen by all relevant IBM installations. 

Contact To ny Varney on 0635-36111 (evenings and weekends on 8635-33497) or send C.V to :- 


iht mi tefnium 4 


c £30,000 + Bonus + Car 

Our dierrtisaprofitablesubsidiarycffaprivate group 
andaweU known name in tbebusinessof production 
and printing of packaging materials. The strateg y is 
to strengthen the Company’s hold in tbe packaging 

exploit new niche sectors. /Tcbief Executive*^ 
exception al abil ity is required to develop and 
mp te a n ft ntgrowtb strategy. Candidates aged over 35, 
ideally degree/MBA qualified, will be at or near 
director level now with a record of sustained profit 
achievement and personal progression. Experience 
of sales/roarketing in a service industry is vital and 
knowledge of the printing industry including 
exposuretoIR is highly desirable- It is anticipated that 
success win lead to early promotion to Group Chief 

Made or IfomaV applicants should wr i te la to 

David J. Kingston, Personnel Services Division with a 
ocnttprehanshroCy or telephone for aPezsanal XBstory Farm 
quoting Bef. BCT05. 

P-E Consulting Services 

692 Wanricktend, SaBkaH, VartMAsaA* B913DX 

overseas with LA. recruitment... 

We are looking for staff for a number erf vacancies in two major 
projects In HOLLAND. 

The first is concerned with a new family of powerful UNIX-based 
multi-user microcomputers designed to integrate office 
automation, data processing and networking applications (Code 

Candidates without UNIX experience will be coRSkfoed as 
Owning will be given. 

The second project concerns the development of a new flexible 
network concept which supports communications between 
system* independent of their origin (Code NET). 

There are also vacancies for similar work on a family of advanced 
PCs (Code pq. 

if you have skills in the following areas of expertise we shall be 
pleased to fully rfhmw the relewuit opportunities: 

* User Interface Spedalists/Team Le a der s 

* Senior Prograrnmeis/Authors 

* Project LeMez/Opexsdoos Consultant 

* Data Communications specialists . 

* Network Specialists 

* Micro Computer Programmers 

* Instructional De si gn er s ft consultants 

* Senior Creative Aitthors/EdJtore 

Please telephone Aim Ariidge (0462) 57141 (day) 

(0462) 760701 (ercBd«») . 

MS ftteH&UiniliBBI&IBI 

(Ref. 3448AJWX/PQ 
(Ref. 3449/UNIX) 

(Ref. 3450 /UNIX) 

(Ref. 3452/UNIX 4 NET) 
(Ref. 3453/ NET) 

(Ret 3454/UNIX 4 PQ 
(Ref. 3455/UNK/PQ 
(Ret 3456/UNIX 4 PQ 


Tek 021-205 8238 



oraputer services Hd 
mwhtwwt cousoujurra 

re OMreoMsmBEr 

tenon wx 

P™»«w/NoJyas vd Qpentn 


KTek OX-734 6080. 



Computer retailers in America 
are seeing their share of the 
lucrative personal-computer 
market shrink in fierce com- 
petition from direct dealers. 

Rve years ago computer 
mailers took about 80 per 
cent of the dollars spent on 
personal computers in the 
United States. Last year their 
share of the S18J billion 
dollars worth of computers 
sold was down to less than half 
according to market research- 
er Future Computing and this 
year is expected to fell to 40 

.As the retailers' fortunes 
slide, their competitors gain. 
A recent survey conducted by 
the trade journal PC Week of 
corporate and institutional 
buyers, by far the biggest 
customers; -found substantial 
inroads made by a specialized 
systems packager known as a 
value added reseller who does 
not sell over tbe counter. 

Competition from the re- 
sellers, as well as 
manufacturers’ direct sates 
force and heavily discounted 
mad order houses, have re- 
sulted in dosings, consolida- 
tions and -fewer and fewer 
stores willing to sell to the 
individual customer. 

Like the computer manu- 
facturers themselves, most of 
the chains now have their own 
outside sales force telling di- 
regty to corporations. 

One commentator predicts 
that small computer stores 
that don’t become value-add- 
ed resellers wiH end up as 
video rental shops or tanning 
Parioura. (Reuter) 

...- 1 

•Ora of to* pioneers of laphefcl portable 
computers is having a second try. Data 
General's first stab at the market with the DG 
One w as greete d wfth favourable reviews bma 

mimi fluTL JwiaSr ^towffcwnSjty S? 
unweSed two'ra^e?*modeto. CtaHriftera an 
improved LCD flet-scraen display at £1,470 
and the other, pictured, a mom advanced 
etectrolumJneaceflt dtopley at £2^00 

■ Japan’s mining companies have been 90 
badly hurt by foe strengthening of toe yen foey 
are feinking of sending robot miners under- 
ground to cut costs. Masamichi Fujimori, 
president of foe giant Sumitomo Metal Mining 
Company, sakl engineers were working on ways 
to operate mines without men below ground. 
He sad; "An unattended operation requires foe 
construction of a computer control system and 
foe introduction of technology related to 
mechatronics and robots. ” 

In Japan a few robotized factories already work 
through foe night with fust one coraputef 
to watch over them. Mr Fujtmon said 
mining is fust one way Japan’s metal 
vries were trying to save money as their 

■ Computerized systems that “see" can look 
forward to a period of phenomenal growth, 
better than 60 percent a year for at least five 
years, but sales wffl continue to be Hmited unffl 
they are better understood by potential users. 
These are conclusions of a study of the 
machine-vision industry by foe Automated 
Vision Association, a trade group attempting to 
make reaSetic projections about an induary mat 
has been the object of nwiy an overBnthusrastic 
forecast Such vis ion systems are used to count, 
measure, inspect, sort track seams, detect 
flaws and Other functions. T 

They also can be incorporated in robotic 
systems. The automotive industry to foe largest 
user, accounting for 49 percent of martine 
vision shipments last year, foBowed by electron- 
ics. wrth 26 percent At least half of all machtne- 
v fegyi ^s tems win be dedicated to a single 

General-purpose systems wB 'remain less 
popular. The biggest obstacle to wider Im- 
plementation of machine vision systems is said 
to be a lack of user expertise in developing 

■ Timothy Leary is high on computers these 
days. -The latest adventure of the psychedelic 

; whose experiments with cheml- 
_ altered consciousness in the 1960s made 
trim a guru to the drag culture, is computer 

-1 1 

?r tl 




35 New Broad Street, London ECSM 



Opportunity to develop and head up a new Legal Services Group 




£17»000— £20,000 + MORTGAGE SUBSIDY -+ CAR 

- had In a bank, insurance 

Challenging roles in a hi-tech commercial environment 

London c.£!8,000 

company, finance house or ^6-34. *** ^ yaaspret-adnAtance experience, kfealy gained In a bank, insurance 

personal finance operation SSSSSSSL 2? 1 canddate who m head tip a new Legal Servfcas department in Ihe 

— ^T-Jr pera r on <?a rr^cx- Bnbsh financial institution, wW have a widety'-drawn brief, inctodng; ptamwia developing and 

acting on behaftoftfie company for secured loans; preparation and monitoring of 
and guttanca A creative dedson-maker vwthsound commerciat 

subsidy, TWhConWkiioiy pension, free He assurance and free ^BUPA. Applications. In 



As a principal South East Coast regional 
centre and .European leader in the highly 
competitive conference and tourist mar- 
k«s. an unusually wide range of legal 
problems arise. These issues en com pas a 
highways agency, raceground, commercial 
airport and a large property portfolio; in 
addition i lo a wde range of traditional dis- 
trict authority funtions. The range of legal 
activities oners excellent development ex- 
perience for a career in local government 

(seek an Assistant Solicitor to support and 
advise designated committees audio ensure 
the implementation of their decisions coo- 
sment w ith good legal practice. You will 
represent the Council at court, enquiries 
and tribunals and win keep a dose watching 
brief on all statutory and political develop- 
ments affecting the Council Salary range 
£1.1,280 - £14,025. The post would, suit a 
newiy^a drained Solicitor who served arti- 
cles in local government, but some post 
qualification experience would be 

Mortage Assistance. Generous relocation 
allowances up to £3,750 phis removal ex- 
penses. lodging and travel allowances. 
Please telephone Brighton (0273) 29801 
Ext. 667 fur- farther details awl an. applica- 
tion form to be returned to the Personnel 
Officer, Town Hall, Brighton, BNJ 1JA. If 
you would like to discuss the past please get 
in touch with the Deputy Borough Secre- 
tary, Mr. RA. Divine on Ext. 414. ' 

Closing dote: 9 June • ■ 


Borouahof —7 


.Brighton is a 
I nuclear free zone 


new upmarket evening newspaper 
under the editorship of Magnus 
Linklaier which Mirror Group 
Newspapers is launching hi Au- 
tumn 1986. 

It requires i n hou se SOLICITORS 
and BARRISTERS experienced in 
libel or publishing, down to earth 
and with common sense, to give 
prompt constructive advice to jour- '■ 
nalists working under the pressure j 
of newspaper deadlines. 

Salary of not less than £27,500 per . ! 
annum; company car; excellent 
pension; BUPA and other fringe 

Written applications and full CV in 
strictest confidence to:- 

Phiiip Morgenstem, 

Nicholson Graham & Jones, 

19/21 Moorgate, 

London, EC2R 6AU. 

Mirror Group 



An 6 Partner firm with offices « C ardtft md London 

wishes to recruit an opariweed CormnercidSo^ 

lor rts Cardiff Office a asset m 

son ol a Department wt^e 

pnvale companies., trading anriprofe^wralpanner 

stops with national and international interests. 

Post admission experience in the tottering fields 

. insolvency. acquisitions and mergers. 

An attractive package wfifi earty patnwship prospects 

for the nght appfcanL 

Please send Juil curriculum vitae to 

The Senior Partner- 
Waterloo Hous e, Fttra tanjCourt 
Newport Road, Cardiff CF2 1EL 



0.^,0 commwl 10 

apply for ifce fofemteg posmoos.- 

l’ Matrimonial Soiiciiw. probably 2 yeart 
admitted «perirace. 

=• SSS-nSSSMi® 

5. E ““°" ^ 

bes* imdcnittl ifeputmcOL 

All •« p«s an — ** ^ “ 

Apply with C.V ^ BafMrt , 


Tth 01-390 2 Sj6 




A young solicitor with one year or upwards 
post qualification experience to join our 
Commercial Property team dealing under 
supervision with a variety of complex 

AppUcatidns wWi fultfxv: should be sent to: 

The Managin g Partner, .. 7 '" 

Herbert Oppenheimer, Nathan & Vandyk, 
20 Copthall Avenue, London EC2R 7JH. 

British Telecom's Senator's Office b seeking two 
ambitious and skilled Solicitors with a minimum of one 
year's admitted experience keen to take up the legal 
challenge of a hi-tech commercial environment 

Litigation Solicitor 

This is a key opportunity faded with a wide variety of 
avil litigation matters, including some odvocacy before 
the County Court and Industrial Tribunals. This is a 
demanding position which requires a broad-based 
knowledge of litigation. 

Prosecution Solicitor 

A further challenging opening calling for the skills of on 
experienced Prosecuting SoKtitor to ded with crimind 

prosecution and some defence work general litigation 

and advocacy You will work dosely with our internal 
investigation force. 

Both appointments will involve working under - - 
pressure and, after an initial period, you will be 
expected to progress largely unsuperyised. 

Starting salary wilfbe negotiable around 
£18,000 with the possibility of rapid advancement to 
posts commanding salaries up to £29,000. 

Toapply you should write with full cve to: 

The Solicitor (AGVJ, The Solicitor's Office, 

British Telecom Centre, 81 Newgate Street, 

London EGA TAJ. Telephone: 01-356 5886/5887. ‘ 



From Monday, May 19, our 
Glasgow office address is 
t81 “St Vincent Street, Glasgow 
G2 5NJ. Our telephone, telex 
and fax numbers our 
unchanged;-" tel 041-248 5011 
telex 77474, fax 041 248 5819 
/ and 041-221 2968. 

Our Edinburgh address remains 
| Erskine House, 68/73, Queen 
Street, Edinburgh EH2 4NF:- 
tel 031-226 6196T telex 727238, 
fax 031-226 3174 and 
031 225 9610. 

52 BTG 

British — 
Group . 

Maday Murray & Spens 


Edinburgh & Glasgow 

for BTG 

Expand your experience in 
Company & Commercial Law 

The primaiy role ofthe British Technoto® Group (BTG) feta promote into 
commercial reality the development of new UK technology and innovation. 
Worthwhile, rewsrefing work in which an erforroed legal contribution b vital tn 
safeguarding the interests of BTG within a complex and wide ran$ng framework of 

In addition, our legal departme n t p rovidesa valuable training ground forprogessfon 
brio cmp ma le and qx nm er a The work includes jomi venture agreements, 
company,' competition arid bankruptcy law. revenue sharing a segments, patent 
bceridng, and many other aspectsof inte&Miial property and contract law. Career, 
prospects are good, and attractive benefits apply. 

You should have commercial experience in either a legal department or private 
practice, ideally covering some or all of the above; be adaptable and have high 
standards of draftmanship. 

PleMexvnte to dwPersomel Manager wifotuBCVwlndixhngsalaiy. or contori her 
for an application form. British Technology Group. lt)l Newington Cauteway. 
London, SE1 6BU. Teh 4036666. 


DavidGbble &Co wish to recruit a yOung able and ambitious 
Litigation Solicitor. .We are a steadily expanding Practice seeking 
to provide both commercial and private clients with advice- and 
service of the highest quality.. As- a small practice we enjoy the 
considerable benefits of dose client contact and a lively cheerful 
.staff. . 

We offer an exciting opportunity for a self-confident Solicitor 
with a .minimum of 2 years experience able to undertake a large 
interesting workload and wishing to have a real impact on the 
character of the Firm. We export the successful candidate to merit 
rapid admission to partnership. ... 

Please write with full Curriculum -Vitae to: 

Roger Dubbins,: 

David Goble & Co. v 

15 Bolton Street, 

London W1Y 7PA- 



01-248 1139 

We have lots of immediate bookings throughout 
the country and urgently need Solicitors ancTLegal 
Executives for long ana short-term assignments in 


South East Thames SS a 
mm Regional Health Authority m 

Legal Services Section 

Senior Principal 
Administrative Assistant 
- Scale 14 

£10,269 - £12,486 pe 

You wUl be a member of a team of Officers In- 
the Section each with respoos&flrty for provid- 
ing legal services to a specified raanber of 
District Health Authorities in the Region. Duties 
w9 include responsibly for providing a ser- 
vice to Districts covering a wide range of 

Land and Premises matters, as weB as .giving 
assistance to Health Visitors and other Com- 
munity Health Service Staff involved in Care 
Proceedings and simitar matters. You will also 
deal with requests from Soficitors for disclo- 
sure' of medical records prior to the issue of 
proceedings, and with all non-medical legal ac- 
tion claims against his or her Districts. You will 
be responsible also for giving talks to groups of 
National Health Service Staff on legal matters . 
related to their duties. . 

-AppBcatton -form and job- description may be 
obtained from the Regional Personnel Divfeon, 
Thrift House, CoSngton Avenue. BexhiR-on- 
Sea, East Sussex. Telephone: (0424) 222555 
extension 3747.' " -- - 

Closing date: 6th June 1986. Ref: 691 


the country and urgently need Solicitors ancTLegal 
Executives for long ana short-term assignments in. 
; all disciplines. We welcome enquiries. . ; 




A unique opportunity has arisen for us to 
appoint a solid lor to specialise in commer- 
cial and domestic conveyancing with some 
Christian charity work. The successful ap- 
plicant will be assisted . by *two domestic 

Preference win be given to applicants with 
at least two years post qualification experi- 
ence although those who have been more 
recently admitted will also be considered. 

Partnership prospects are available for the 
successful applicant. 

Please apply in writing with C.V. to A.R. 
Collins of Anthony Collins & Co.. 12 Cherry 
Street Birmingham. B2 5AR. 


rounder to assist- in small -general office in 
Basingstoke. Mainly Conveyancing and Litiga- 
tion with some Advocacy. ■ 

Pleasant working conditions. Salary commensu- 
rate with ability. To start as soon a$ possible. 

Telephone Mr Innes-Ker. 0256 - 473486 ' " 




We need a newly qualified solicitor to work in 
our Litigation Department principally as an 
Employment Lawyer. 

The person appointed will specialise- in cases 
involving Industrial Tribunals. Previous 
experience is not essential, as training will be 

Applications with full c.v. should be sent to: 

The Managing Partner, 

Herbert Oppenheimer, Nathan & Vandyk, 

20 Copthall Avenue, London. EC2R 7JH. 



Applications are invited for the post of LegaT Advisor to the 
Registrar of Companies with the Government of Bermuda for a 
three-year contract. 

The successful applicant will work under the direction of the 

Attorney General; • - '• - • — 

The duties will include the provision of legal advice to the 
Registrar of Companies; advising on the drafting of rules and 
subsidiary legislation; acting as co-ordinator of the various in- 
surance and companies committees; acting as legal advisor to the 
Insurance Advisory Committee and its working Committee and 
the carrying out of investigations as required. 

Applicants should have a full professional legal qualification 
with particular knowledge of company and insurance legislation 
and procedures. A minimum of five (5) years post qualification 
experience is necessary. A post-graduate degree in law will be an 
added advantage. 

Commencing Salary: BD$54,883 per annum (BD$=US$). 

The cost of living in Bermuda is high; there is no income tax. 
Travel and subsistence allowances are provided and should your 
bousing rental exceed 25% of your salary , a housing subsidy will 
be provided. 

Airmail applications giving full personal details, qualifications 
and experience, with home and business telephone numbers 
(treated in confidence) should be. forw ard e d to:-_ 

. The Secretary 
Public Service Commission 
General Post Office Building 
Hamilton 5-24 

to arrive not later than 10th June 1986. 

The Dee Corporation PIC 



The Dee Corporation PLC is looking for o Group 
Company Secretary to be based of the Group 
Headquarters at Milton Keynes, who will report to the 
Group Legal and Administrative Director in respect of ail 
of the activities of the Company Secretarial Department. 
The successful applicant is likely to be either a Chartered 
Secretary or a qualified lawyer (solicitor or barrister) 
ideally in either case with experience in a public 

Salary will be in the range £25.000 - £35,000 
depending on age and experience. • 

Applications, in writing please, accompanied by a 
detailed curriculum vitae, to: — 

J.J.F. Fronds Esq., A 

The Dee Corporation PLC 
Silbury Court, 

4TB Silbury Boulevard, III Vft 

Milton Keynes MK92NB. A7 V\ 



Waltons & Morse 


Out client, Waltons & Morse, is a 20 partner City solicitors firm. Their 
practice is predominantly in shipping and insurance, commerce and 
commercial property. 


Their present size allows the partners and staff to develop and maintain 
friendly personal relationships with their clients. 


Growth of business demands the recruitment of additional lawyers of 
ability and promise. If since qualifying (whether as a solicitor or banister) 
you have gained up to 4 years good experience of marine or commercial 



litigation; commercial property or company/commercial work and, like 
the partners, attach importance to personal development and early 
responsibility, you should consider furthering your career with Waltons 
& Morse. 

To arrange an appointment to leam more about Waltons & Morse and 
what the firm can offer you, please telephone Denis Reed or Cyril 
Batchelor , as advisers to the firm, on 01-583 4847/4929 or write to 

Your next 

either of them at The Room Twelve Partnership, Temple Chambers, 
Temple Avenue, London, EC4Y 0HP. 


Recruitment of Lawyers 

career move? 

Legal Corps 

The Army’s legal service will 
recruit a number of lawyers in 
September 1986, for which a Selec- 
tion Board will take place in July. 

Successful applicants, at least 
25 years of age and preferably with 
advocacy experience, will be com- 
missioned as Captains on a starting 
salary of £12,216, currently under 
review, with prospects of promotion 
and a full career to age 60. 

Further details from Lt Col 
A. E Norris OBE, MA, Ministry of 
Defence (ALSl), Empress State 
Building, Lillie Road, London 
SW6 1TR. Telephone (01) 385 1244. 
Ext 3182. 


Have the following vacancies:- 

I. Compaq y /Commercial 

Up to two yean qualified and with good (ideally broad) commercial experience during articles and since qualification. 
This job will entail secondment for a period of 2 or 3 yean to a major Lloyd's Insurance Broking Group to provide in 
house legal advice and facilities across the entire spectrum of the Group's activities both in the United Kingdom and 
abroad and to co-ordinate the procurement of legal advice from outside firms in particular in contentious matters. 
The successful candidate will be offered a generous salary and. during the period of secondment, a motor car and other 
large company benefits. At the end of the secondment, be or she will return to the firm’s Company or Commercial 
Deportment in London subject to the possibilities of openings in one of our other offices. 


Probate /Trust 

Solicitor with up to two years appropriate experience or a very experienced legal executive required for new branch 
office opening in Swindon this summer. The job will email working under a resident senior partner to take in the first 
instance cases transferred from London. The work will comprise a wide variety of trust and probate matters and some 
tax work. A knowledge of company taxation would be an advantage. Satary negotiable. 


3. Corapany/Commerdal 

Company /Commercial Solicitor with up to two years experience gained hi a major commercial practice. Our Chelten- 
ham office has an exclusively coiporate practice so that this represents an opportunity to specialise in a most agreeable 

S ri of the country. The wont will induce acquisitions and disposals, corporate finance and tax, intellectual property 
e rising and general commercial trading agreements. Some travel to London and abroad will be involved Salary at 
Central London Rates. 

4. Legal Execntive/ChO litigation 

Our commercial litigation department here is expanding and we urgently require an able legal executive io take on a 
variety of contentious civil matters. 

The successful applicant will have experience (ideally several years’) of conducting damn in the County Court- and 
preferably m the High Court and will be encouraged to set up systems and procedures to fedtiiaie the. efficient handling 
of an increasing volume of work. 

Salary to be commensurate with experience, but generally above local rates. 

Please write, with full c.v. stating for which vacancy you wish to be considered UK 

Anthony Rase 
Charles Russell A Co. 
KjUowen Home, 

BoysUB Road, 


GkxxeslmUre. GL5Q 3AW 
(Far vacancies U and 4) 

Csfia P Rnd, 
Charles Rmsei & Co. 

Hale Court, 

(For vacancy 2) 



Our international banking and capital markets practice is carried on in each of 
these important commercial and financial centres. 

We are looking for solicitors who wish to train in banking and capital markets 
work as well as those with relevant experience. 

(f you are an able and an ambitious young lawyer with a good academic 
record, keen to become involved in the stimulating challenge of international 
financial law, we would like to hear from you. 

Successful applicants will join one of our banking groups in London and may 
subsequently have the opportunity to work in our overseas offices. 

Apply with fell curriculum vitae to David Stone, Coward Chance, Royex 
House, Aldermanbury Square, London EC2V 7LD. 





We are one of the largest and oldest established 
firms in Nottingham. We are looking to recruit 

for puonc ana private companies in tne bast 
Midlands and elsewhere. 

The successful candidate will ideally have 
serviced Articles in the City and have around 
two years post qualification experience in corpo- 
rate and commercial law. including acquisitions, 
mergers and reconstructions and most types of 
commercial agreements. 

Salary will be by negotiation and will be attrac- 
tive. Career prospects will be excellent for the 
right person. 

Applications, together with a curriculum vjtae 
should be made to Rotheras, 24 Friar Lane, 
Nottingham NG1 6DW quoting reference JM. 


We have a vacancy for a litigation solicitor to 
assist with a wide range of problems affecting 
members of the medical and dental professions. 
Applicants should ideally have 1-2 years post- 
qualification experience in general litigation. 

Apply in writing to 

G A Hill, Lebrasser and Bury, 

71 Tffacolira Inn Fields, London. WC2A 3JF. 


We are a hard-working (but congenial) 
office with 10 people currently (5 lawyers, 5 
staff), planning for expansion of our 
Mayfair office this summer. Applications 
are invited for the folloiwng positions: 

Office Administrator/Manager 
Experienced Secretaries 
Wordprocessor Operator 
(Wang System) 

IBM PC Operator 
Junior Staff 

Paralegal/Legal Assistant. 

Please write directly to: Managing 
Partner, Jones, Day, Reavis & Pogue 
(Surrey & Morse), 32 Davies Street, 
London W1Y 1LG 


A busy commercially biased practice requires immediate!!' 
a Solicitor for primarily Commercial Property’ wore Jtw 
some Residential Conveyancing wuta at least 2 years post 
qualification experience. 

Competitive salary offered 
Ring Epsom (93727) 26567. Ref JES. 


We are an old established but forward-looking 
firm. To further strengthen and extend this 
base, we are seeking an ambitious solicitor, 
probably qualified l or 2 years, to assist a part- 
ner whose work includes dealing in property 
and trusts. 

This is a very challenging position offering a 
competitive salary and excellent prospects for 
the right person. 

Please write enclosing detailed G K to:~ 

G.M. Davies 
Partnership Secretary 

3/4 Stone Buildings 
Lincoln’s Inn 

Cheltenham (1) - Gloucester (2) 

Career Grade CC/PAD 5 - 14 
(£9,594 - £12,783) 

Barristers and Solicitors are invited lo apply for those posts wtoefi have bean established to deal 
with increasing workload m these busy Coots. Tha Career Grade wifi enable those Court Clerks, 
when required to take ail types of Courts, to progress to the upper range {CC/PAD 1014}. 

when required to take ail types of touts, to progress to the upper range {CC/PAD 1014). 

Gloucestershire s a most attractive and comrentent pat of foe Country. The City of Gloucester is 
the county town and Gheftentwm. some 10 miles away, is set at the font a the Catswolds. 

For apoticatmrj form and further information please contact either- 

For apodcatiwi form and further information please contact either- 

Mr. Co). Beard. Ctart to tee Justices at Gloucester. Tetepftora (0452 426152) or Mr. RAC. 

Holden. Clerk to tee Justices at Cheltenham. Telephone (0242 532323). 

Completed applications should be sent to: Mr. RI.M. Woteerspoon, Cleric to the Ma g is tr a tes’ 
Gouts Committee, Store Hall, Gloucester, GL1 2TG to arrive by 2nd June, 1886. 

Badenoch & Clark 


Salomon Brothers International Limited are 

seeking a Solicitor of the highest calibre to join the 
Corporate Finance team to create and manage a 
Transaction Execution Group. This is a new position which 
would suit a Solicitor with extensive experience in the 
International Finance Department of a large City -firm. 

This represents a unique opportunity for an ambitious 
individual to develop a career with a prestigious 
organisation. The remuneration package will be highly 
competitive within the Investment Banking environment. 

To discuss this further, in strictest confidence, please contact 

John Cullen. 

Legal & Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU 
Telephone 01 -583 0073 



Applications are invited from persons with a legal quali- 
fication and appropriate experience, enabling them to 
assume responsibility for ethical and disciplinary queries 
and complaints, under the general guidance of the Reg- 
istrar. The successful applicant will also be expected to 
assume certain other administrative duties of a general 

Salary on the scale appropriate to a principal in the civil 

Further particulars from the Registrar 

Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons 
32 BeJgrave Square, 

London SW1X 8QP. 

Telephone: 01-235 4971. ... 


Chdteoham and Gloucester Court Offices 

As a result of a comprehensive Staffing Review Gloucestershire Magistrates' Courts Committee 
Iras vacancies for three additional Court Clerks and a new post of Principal Admitestratrve 


Cfretteobaro - Grade CC/PAD 12-16 
<£12,072 - £13,764) 

A suitably qualified or experienced person is required for this important new post in the 
Clteftenftam Court Office. The person appointed wttl be the Senior Manner responsible for 
organising and con trifling the wort in bom the Cash and Administrative Offloas. he or she will 
be expected to refcew the Justices’ Clerk and his Deputy of office matagement functions and to 
organise effective and flexible support services to tee Court He or she wrtl report terectly to tee 
Clerk or his Deputy. Court Clerk qualifications and experience would be an advantage. 

COURT CLERK (3 Posts) 

Cheltenham (1) - Gloucester (2) 

Career Grade CC/PAD 5-14 

We have a number of vacancies within the 
Commercial Department of our London office for able 
and ambitious young sofiritors. Applicants should have 
been qualified for 18 months or more and would be 
expected to undertake a variety of commerdal work but 
to specialise in corporate finance transactions, either 
domestic or international. 

Wbrkofthis nature is demanding but rewarding. 
Applicants should have a sound academic record, 
combined with a practical approach and an ability to 
communicate effectively with clients and to assume 
responsibility for complex transactions. Previous 
experience with new issues, whether in the domestic or 
international capital markets, and with take-overs, both 
public and private, would be an advantage but is not 

We offer a stimulating career in a frienefly environment 
and excellent prospects, with a competitive salary and 
generous fringe benefits. 

If you believe that you have the qualities that weare 
seeking and would like to find out more about the work, 
please write in confidence, with a full curriculum vitae, to 
Christopher Wafford, 9 Cheapside, London, EC2V 6AD. 



We are a well established central London firm 
with 15 Partners and over 60 staff and have an 
immediate vacancy in our expanding Private Cli- 
ent Department for someone who will be expected 
to deal with a wide range of probate, trust admin- 
istration. general personal taxation advice and 
some allied tax planning matters. 

Candidates will probably have been qualified for 
up to four years, but non-qualified applicants with 
suitable experience will also be considered. We 
offer excellent terms and conditions, including a 
competitive salary, commensurate with age and 

Applications, including a C.V. in strict confidence 

Stephen Lewin, 

199 Strand, 

London WC2R 1DR. 


TEL: 01-353 0311 

We wish to appoint three Assistant Solicitors 

Working to a Partner whose clients are Lloyd’s agencies 
and brokers, insurers and general commercial clients 
outside the insurance field. 

Working to the Conveyancing Partners principally on 
commercial landlord and tenant work. 

A part time vacancy which might suit applicants with 
other commitments. 

Applicants who may be newly qualified or with up to two 
years relevant experience should write to R. D. Hudson 
at the above address with fUll C.V. or telephone for 
further information. 

Legal Advisers 

Due to an increase in the existing workload, two additional 
solicitors are required by Balfour Beatty Limited, a leading 
International construction and engineering company, for - 
general commercial work. 

The vacancies exist in the Legal Department situated at. 
the Head Office in Thornton Heath, Surrey. 

Ideally, applicants will be in their late twenties and wHI have 
had some experience in commercial work. They must also 
be prepared to travel both in the UK and overseas. 

The normal employment benefits associated with a large 
company will be offered. 

Applications to Mrs. V. R. Thom, Personnel Officer, 
Batfour^atyUrnited, 7 Mayday Road, Thornton Heath, 
Surrey CR4 7XY. 


University of London 
Institute of Advanced Legal Studies 






We have , exciting 
vacancies for 

Solicitors seeking 




All these positions 
offer attractive 

salaries and good 


u I 





V- «” 




^MvSM , S£ e ^t i 5Sf isr 

be members of 

iam Judge Advocate General 'Jf* As *?' 

Depuiy Judge Advocate is £i5,Sf -^S7^SeS[i5 
under omewl pk* £1,365 Loner Lond^wSS 
7 k |«/ y of an Assiaam Judge Advocate is £20.964U 

Asustam Judge Advocates General with suitable « 

“2 [«* invi “? » State olJri&« 

r^SIL i^ 15 consit * CTBd for appointment as 
Recorders. Appointment as a Deputy Judge would not 
require a member of the Bar who is alreafTa B matZ 
or Assisunl to* *, osSSS^ 

A sound knowledge of criminal law and the law of 
ev idence and experience of criminal court practice is 
essential. Acquaintance with service life and teadkions, 
and some previous experience of courts-martial is an 

iSlSSSP Appl,cants mua be prepared to serve 

AppJicauons diould be submitted not later than fab 
June 1986 to Miss M A Celia, Lord Chancellor’s De- 
^rwoL Ne^De House. Page Street. London SWIO 
4LS. Application forms will be provided on reauest to 
that address, or by telephone to 01 - 21 1 - 8084 / 


Commercial Property 

Continuing and rapid expansion of our 
Properly Department requires us to re- 
cruit able young Solicitors of not less 
than 2/3 years qualification. Appli- 
cants should be experienced principally 
in commercial conveyancing and be 
prepared to undertake a demanding but 
stimulating workload with iniatfve and 
enthusiasm. Salaries negotiated accord- 
ing to experience will be generous and 
career prospects are excellent 

If you are . interested in joining us, 
please write in confidence with your 
cirriculum vitae to:- 

Eugene O’Keeffe or Simon Stone 

Park Nelson 
1 Bell Yard 
London WC2A 2JP 


International Intellectual Property 
and Licensing Lawyers 

New York Chicago 

Los Angeles 

We are seeking for our principal office in New 
York a young fully qualified solicitor to join our 
trade mark division. 

We are also seeking a solicitor with good tech- 
nical qualification (preferably in chemistry) to 
join our London Office for general intellectual 
properly and licensing practice. 

Applicants in both cases must be prepa r ed to 
qualify for New York Bar in due course. 

Please apply with fall c.v. to: 

Iain C. BaQUe, 

Ladas & Parry, 

52-54 High Holborn, 

London WCIV 6RR 

bteBectaal Property Central Louisa 

Exciting opportunity for able Intellectual 
Property Lawyer, with up to four years post 
quafification experience at - prestigious 
medknm sized bins of Court practice. 
ExceBent salary. Good prospects. 

Commercial Conveyancing City 

MecBum sized leafing practice seeks caTfore 
Commercial Conveyancer for quality 
heavyweight workload. Highly competitive 
salary. Good prospects. 

Company Commercial City 

Dynamic expanding medium sized practice 
seeks able solicitors of all level of 
experience, to augment it's thriving 
Company Commercial department 
Excellent prospects for cafibre applicants. 

£jzw Tzrsonnel 


Sms stMoaosato tataoR pratMBonMMMda 
95 Aktonicn.liraon WC284lSTM. 01-fce i2fll . 

- - - Fwc 01-5312001 


We need an energetic, enthusiastic 

Solicitor for our Winchester branch. The 
successful applicant will head the 
Litigation Department and mil deal with 
criminal and civil litigation and 

matrimonial matters. 

A healthy appetite for work and an ability 
to expand further this side of our practice 
are also essential 

Rewards are a young, friendly 

environment, good salary and partnership 
prosper for the right person/ 

ESther apply with foil CV to Mr. T.W. 
Payne, Bratton & Co, 17 Southgate Street, 
Winchester, S023 9EA or telephone for 
more information on (0962) 68632. 

North West 

£15-25,000 + car 

We have several vacancies in industry in 
the North West of England for solicitors or 
barristers with commercial experience. 

We have been recruiting 
lawyers for industry since 
1973 and have placed 
lawyers in most of the 
major Bnnsh and inter- 
national com- 

G nies. We 
ve also, 
since 1981, 

been tecmhing for firms 
of solicitors in London 
and the provinces. AH 
our consultants are pro- 
fess tona lly qualified 
lawyers with 
many years' 
experience in 

34Loo* Lane. London BQ A 9ET 

Tefe 01-606 9371 


and Associates 
Recruitment Consultants 

math/ realm leal Sees wttfi TOna. IBM DspwnmW. 5520 
i BM OeptaywiiB 2 ewerence d pn as tnaidty temp teart 
TO mU pay to B> 

$&80 per hour 

Ptin Hoflday Pay and 8«nk HoMay Pay 
for ngm p « 30 "w eh tee r*g» 

LTO ol bootangs n Cuy and West End. mrartm S a rB 

Call us NOW for furftier information 

01-637 5277 


City Centre Solicitors specialising in Civil Liti- 
gation for Defendants require two assistant 
So Heitors preferably with post qualification ex- 
perience. Those with relevant experience in 
articles would be considered. Competative sal- 
ary together with private health insurance. 

Apply in confidence with foU C.V. to: 

F Williams 

James Chapman & Co 
Canada House 
3 Chepstow Street 
Manchester Ml 5ER 


You can nowphone in your advertisement to us any Saturday 
morning, from 9.30a.m. to 1.00p.m. ... . 

This is a unique new service for all classified advertisers m 
The Times and Sunday Times — and it costs no extra. 

To book your advertisement phone Ol- 4814000. 






Assistant Law 

Circa. £19,000 (Under Review) 

Jersey is a 

members. It 


Island with Its own 
of politically independent 
independent of the United 

Kingdom for all purposes except defence and 
international affairs. The Island's 
administration is run by committees composed 
of elected members of the States and by the 
Jersey Civil Service. AH the principal 
committees have the statutory authority to 
promote legislation, both principal and 

As a member of a small team, the Assistant 
Law Draftsman wifi be expected to draft, 
without detailed supervisor!, all items of 
legislation, which are enacted by the 
Committees of the States or the States itself. 

Applicants should be over 36 yews of age and 
should be qualified either as a Barrister or 
SofiCftor with at least ten years practical legal 
experience, five years of which should have 
been spent in the field of legislative drafting. 

The post will be on a contract basis for a period 
of five years. 

AppScation form and job description available 
from the States Personnel Dep ar tment, Cyril 
Le Marquand House, P.O. Box 600, The 
Parade, St Heller, Jersey, CJ. Telephone 
0534 79111 ext 135. 

Closing date; 6th June, 1986. 

Badenoch & Clark 



Due to continued expansion in the Company/ 
C o mmer c i a l department, this medium sized firm is 
seeking to recruit a number of ambitious young 
lawyers. Applicants with up to 3 years relevant 
experience in a range of private and public company 
work will be offered! excellent remuneration packages 
and career prospects. 


To £25.000 

We have been retained by a number of leading 
Merchant Investment and International bonks to 
provide hk^i calibre Solicitors from leading City firms 
tor a variety 
ations. whir 

of legal advisory and documentation 


To £16,000 

Our client a medium sized City firm, requires a young 
lawyer to tackle a range of demanding work in this 
thriving department. A solicitor with up lo 2 years 
experience with another London firm will be involved 
in a variety of quality work and can expect excellent 
opportunities as well as a highly competitive salary. 


From £18,000 + Bens 

On behalf of two of our c bents, a Merchant Bank and a 
large Stockbroker we are recruiting young Solicitors in 
their rmd to late 20's who have served articles with a 
substantial City Firm. Successful candidates will become 
involved hi mergers/acquisirlons and general corporate 
i work with the bank and. for the Stockbroker 

the work will include USM listings. 

For details of these, and otherpositiems, contact John Cullen or JttdHh Fa* 

Legal and Financial Recruitment Specialists 
16-18 New Bridge St, London EC4V 6AU Telephone: 01-5830073 



Solicitor required for our Convey- 
ancing Department to work 
principally as an Assistant to one 
of the Partners for both commer- 
cial and domestic conveyancing. 
Some post-qualification convey- 
ancing experience preferred. 

Salary by negotiation. 

Please write with Curriculum Vitae 
Administration Officer, 

2 Crane Court, London EC4A 2BL 
(01-583 2222) 

Company Lawyer 

c. £20,000 London 

A challenging appointment arises within the Legal Department of a 
major Pharmaceutical Company due to continued expansion. The Department 
provides advice and assistance to Croup Companies in the UK and overseas, 
relevant to a wide range of corporate and commercial work. 

The requirement is for a qualified Solicitor or Barrister aged 28 to 
with a minimum of two years post-qualification experience in a corporate 
environment or in predominantly a»mmerciai private practice. 

Reporting to the Company Solicitor, the successful candidate will be 
required, amongst other duties, to develop specialist knowledge in some 
overseas legal systems and to undertake occasional travel overseas as well as 
in the UK. 

The starting salary is negotiable circa £20,000 dependent upon age 
and experience. Tne benefits package is appropriate to a major Company. 

Applicants should send a detailed c.v. to Bernard L. Taylor MB1M, 
quoting Ref: 6858, or request a personal history form. 



Mervyn Hughes International. 

37 Golden Sq. London WlR 4AN. 
Teh 01-434 4091. 


nil I MndiuM- 



Small but ambitions firm ur- 
gently seeks solicitor 
experienced in domestic 
conveyancing. Compciuive 
salary. Goodprospecu. Tele- 
01-940 2267 for 

further < 


tune Crime. East Atvjtia coun- 
try town nun. Partnership 

prospects £15.000. Wessw 

Consultants OMSZSIIB 
MATURE MMJCnWO under 50 
for Beds and Oucu. General 
practice and non-conUnlious. 
Wflwx Consultants 0955- 

MB DEVON Practice need young 
General PrecUUaiua-. £ nen + 
pannersup prospects. Meredith 
Scott Recnatment 01 883 
0065/01-641 3897 (evesk 
EC2 Practice Ideally 2 lo 5 
years qualified, t C22.DOO. 
Mereotoi Scon Recruitment 01- 
S83 0055- 01-641 5897 icvesi. 
TRUST /TAX ui pnstMous Inns 
Practice. ktesBy 1 to 5 years ad- 
mitted. To c. Ct 9.000. MereCKB 
Scott Recruitment 01-583 
0065/01-641 3897 (eves). 

■ Mci m y smo - invent- c£15k. 
Mary MaO Accord Pwnmn 
0936 619606 

CRJ R 6H AL & CLP. ABttstani Cov- 
entry- compeonve salary. 
Mary Mail Accord Person 
net. 0956 810506 
glia Town. Manny Commercial 
£14.000. Wessex Communis 


require litigation So- 
licitor for their 
Fishponds office. Ex- 
cellent salary and 
working conditions. 
Apply In writing with 
CV to I.C. Forsyth. 
Bennett & Legal 15 St 
Stephens Street Bris- 
tol BS1 1EH. 


An established Westminster firm of solicitors 
seeks company and commercial lawyer with a 
practice to join them in their principal office to 
head a newly formed company and commercial 

Apply in confidence to BOX D47 with outline 
derails of experience and practice. 

don Solicitors noun a young 
lawyer MKUnfl the guaitneuwn 
of ucenoaoo en Derecho u 
Spanish Law to assist In dealing 
with property. rommeniBl and 
banking work involving Span- 
ish Law. Appucaxns must be 
fluent m Castellano and have a 
good working knowledge of 
both me English and Catala n 
languages. APOlKaciom acrom- 
panlM by a full Curncolum 
Yl Lae should be sent to:- Ml- 
rhael Sod 6 Asunales. 7 Bury 
Place. London WC1A 2LA. 

seek Aaststanl Senator nuuniy 
for conveyancing but wtdi op- 
ponunHies to undertake other 
non contcnbouft work- Please 
apply wuh full Malts to J. R. 
Edwards. W. Dongles Ctor* 
Brookes A Go.. 2 Lombard 
Street WesL West Bromwich. 
West Midlands. 

Camnnoge £14 Jl Mary Man 
Accord P er sonn el 0936819606 

£10.500. Mary Mail Accord 
Personnel. 09 36 819606 


July good sokcdot.41. 
maseray a panner in a 
London firm, grotty ex- 
perienced in M matters 
corcemua and sem-con- 
pta«M (Dxcetri crane) 
pie expenenra In adrnnus- 
tmoa Tired id 
comnutng, seeks senior 
ppsmoo outsdfl Loaaoa. 
Bond remuieraiao paefc- 




A newly 10 one year guan- 
oed senator is required to 
assist the property partner 
In this young expanding 
flrra- A good salary and 
prospects are available. 

Contact John GilleH 
by telephone or hi writing 

Proctor Gtnea 
TO Wlmpole Street 
London W1M 7DE 
01-486 6221 


Litigation Solicitor 
with partnership 
potential required for 
High Court Litigation 
for Commericial 
Clients. Salary by 

Please mite with full 

ay. to: 

A J. Gore 
Wallis & Co 
179 High Street 
Kent BR1 IMP 


Two partnur general practice 
n the cowse o? compuxens- 
mg conveyancing looking lor 
a conveyancer to nap de- 
velop trks side of the 

Salary according to experi- 
ence. Possible long tore 
prospects. Newty affiretted 
or unadmitted applicants w* 
be considered. 

Send CV tre 

Roger Southcombe 
So m hcombe & Hayley 
5 Upper Wimpole Street 
London MrtM 7TD 
or t d ep n one 01 935 6631. 


Her. Pref 1 Do 4 years adniinro. 
c. £20 000 ♦ proMMCts. Mer- 
cdUh Scon Becnilirornt 01 683] 
0056/01-641 3897 levesj. 


Dnon country town n. 
Good prospects El 3.000. Wes- 
sex Consultant, 0935-26183 
non Assistants Manchester £8- 
9k. Mary MMI Accord 
Personnel 0936 815506 


Bamrter of recent call in a large 
set of general Common Law 
Chambers In the Trmple- FV«se 
reply lo BOX D46 The Time*. 
Adverttomum DeoanmenL 
Virginia si- London. Cl 900. 

Commercial empnasb. Pref 
newly lo 2 years admlitfd. To 
£16X100 + prospects. Meredith 
Soil RecruUmenl 01-583 
0066/01-541 3897 irtesO- 

The f 
Agency hr experienced Legal 
Secretarial stair at an levcts. 
Highest salary. For detoHs of 
our CTirrem va ca n c i es lei Oi- 
993 5335 

DON working Without 
supervision. C11XX30 Wessex 
Consul mils 0936-26183 
TIOUS assmeius Shropshire. 
Good salary. Mary Man. Ac- 
cord personnrl.0935 816606 
WEST 6DSSEX Practice mralre 
Non-Comennous Sondlor. TO 
£ 16.000 + pinup prospects. 
MemHlh Scon BecrailmeM Ol- 
6B3 0066 01-641 3897 icvesi. 
WEST TORHMWE Small town 
appotniment. General practice 
Sttghi Uhgalion bias £10.000. 
Wessex Consuhana 0936- 


Co mm ercial snnenor for a lead- 
ing W.f praenoe Martellous 
oooon unity lor ngm person. 
£17.000 iwgguaMe. 0962- 

COMPANY notices 

LEGAL EXEC With keyboard 
knowledge or Com cyan nng 
WP sec with legal esec poirnual 
for Wl Soiicuors. Domain. 
Commeriral and LearenoM 
Comeyanmia. £10.500 
£11.500. wooanaus* Rcc Cony 
01-404 4646 


81® A Non conlmlMMJS. 
Midlands. c£!Oh Mary Mad Ac- 
cord Personnel. 0936 aissoo 
admitted far 2. s years LUiga- 
Don Bus lo £14.000 Wessex 
Consultants 0936-26183 
Thames Valley nrru £13.000- 
Weswx Consultants 0936- 

Common Law 

SM unites appHcahony Reply 
to BOX D49. 

DON mainly nan-crmlennous 
L6-500. Wessex Consul lanls 

fdiwiw £9k. Mary Mad 
Accord Personnel 0996 




An unusual eantfne opportunity for a qualified person 
or persons lo Join a successful sales team at the 
presttgous Four Seasons Country Club in me Algarve. 
Our current sales staff are earning In excess of 
£35.000 Per Anum. how would you Uke the opportu- 
nity io do the same. 

Salis experience helpful but character references, edu- 
cational background, appearance and soda! sJdfls most 
Important (Must be able to relocate). 

For Appointment. 

Phone 01-281 1046/1052 office hrs. 




If you are dynamic, self-motivated, with 
initiative & enlhusiam, and drive a good 
car-letting high class furnished properties 
in Central London could be for you. 



01-722 7101 


We require as energetic, responsible person who 
is looking for job satisfaction being both numer- 
ate and n good typist able to work under 
pressure, to handle the management of high- 
class furnished houses and flats. Ability to deal 
-with people and car owner essential. Attractive 
salary and allowances. 

Please apply to Pamda Berend 01-722 7101 
Anscombe & Ringland Residential Lettings, 

8 Wellington Rd, London NW8 


A vacancy has arisen for 
3 trainee broker. The 
successful applicant will 

be seed 23+ and or a 
smart appearance. No 
previous experience nec- 
essary as fell training 
given. For a confidential 
interview rmg Alistair 
McGinn cm 01 283 6827. 

SCI I m m a career* we'll tram 
you lowrreed nof rbI foraday 
but forever. £4'-. D nemny 
backing, fun training, uniaue 
career oooon uni twi owv ap- 
ply if you realty want to 
surrerd. 01-222 B8T2 

YOUNG. ARneilUITC sales peo- 
ple. Chancery Pmnrdiiom win 
Help you to roramBDoa earn- 
ings Ol £190 ■ £600 pw 
Londoner? ran John Wallers on 
Tet 01-831 1131. 





CYCLADKS. Mykonos. Paros. 

Naxos. Ira etc vmas. 

, TtnrnusA Rmafotw. Simpty 
cheaper Stmcly Super 1 Sborobr 
Stroon Monday*. Ol 373 1939. 

CORFU BEACH vta« sips 2.-16 
hasaopl ere* from ££9PP pw 
Phone: 0905 840561 


RHODES Special o«W May 21 inc 
lux apt horn. £149 p.p. aBo 
28. 6 6 4/6 Teh 9bama 0705 


A villa, a pod and e oeaoUful 
vMw. what more could you 
wane? Owner front TWcamy. 
Sartwua or Ruveno - tbv torreU- 

market ogenKm don'l 90- Or 
combum a villa hoMdav win a 
ton m Venice. Florence or 
Rome. Free nroehure ftvrn 
Made of Rate. DeW T. 47 She» 
herds Bush Green. W12 »>S 
Tel: Ol 749 7449 124 hre 

24 BUY 1+2 wire, villa. RU. car 
hue. bench, maid, fr £159 no 
Resort YlHra Obi 833 9095 or 
Ol 904 2207 AMa Aid 893 






Villas A Apartments from 
£195 per week. 

Call Now 

0923 674310 

Holidays of dBUncnoit tor the 
tHV few. Tel: 01-491 0802. 73 
SI. James’s Street. SW1 



am dn 4 6 a o+a. tMMU+nnis. 
souajr. Buna. let. Pauo. gam. 
gym. most dates. 01 458 2128 

MAZARRON VraomU resort bi 9. 
Spam Villas Apts Sat Fn Oat 
Muroa int La MangoL 
May June BommM- BMdi Bay 
MOtS 0432 270183. ATDL 


CHTTCF. Vhspeut Minds, cheap 
fbghis-tina rmlaN etc Zeus Hoi 
Uul Of -434 1647. AtOt Aila 

mm«r courses in Italy 

4 weeks Rome Venn Florence. 
Tel Ad Hmory Abroad 01 - 244 - 


■LCONNWALLS. C from June. In 
psrl IwmMux nips 81 4 lodge 
cottage 16 ) Tennis. Oonv 
Sea Moors, CoH. I06034i 2ai 


SALCOMSE SXJevon cleaner 
cook reguired for urge se»or 
house, live In out. run. nut 
nine, term -perm, nravranoker. 
car driver. Plume 01-731 4107. 
87 Regent SJreet. London wi. 
Tel 439 6634 UK .'Otcraeas. 
Also mJsHps. dams temp-'penii 


das- Inn. lux 4 bed hs. 2 I rees. 
2 both, afl unbben. 431 3191. 



Superb lunyous maisonette. 
1st and 2nd Boors plus puiaiy 
ttaL A tworooma. vem Brga 
kman. Mbng room, basd car- 
pan mroughouL rosy 
tumshed. conmmai gardens. 

Te! 01 '459 4356 


XML 1984 Opal. 26.000. Excel- 
lent Good, superb Tno Hi n. 
Sun Roof 1 owner. FSH. 
£7JZflO. Tel 0684 72649. 





buttvMual tuition. Daily 
riM-etopmenL Elec- 
trlr.' electronic. 4 wlp. 
Full-time day. Beginntra 
sari June 2/ June 30/ 
July 28. Refreshen any 
Monday- TeL Mrs minis 
01-689 2904. The 

Langbam Centre. J8 
Dunraven SL Park Lane. 
London. Wl. 


WOLSEV HALL; none audy for 
OCE. Degrees I London BA. BSc. 
i IH Warwick MBAi Prosper - 
lus* The Pnncipai. Dew al 9. 
WoHey Hall, rreeposi Oxford 
0X2 6BH. Tel. 0866 52200 124 



An opportunity lo team 
about the antiaue world. 
Some typing and book- 
keeping knowledge 
essential. Must be well 
spoken and well pre- 

Pis can 01-930 0513 or 
01-930 9646 

SECRETARIES (or Arctinects A 
Designers. Permanent 6 tempo- 
rary DdSiltom AMSA Speratw 
Her cons. 01 734 0632 


HULHVKWER 18-29 required 
for I tat rniUB by Eslale Agen- 
cy. I rnurutc Victoria SUMkhi 
Ld lo £ 1 50 p v indudinn com- 
mission 828 1437 


FDtn A MEW PARTNER inrounh 
Business Link- Up Brock u re 33 
St CMrgr Street. London UtR 
WA. 01 4W 4714. 


address. W ans . Uv.Mra Imu- 

ry service oflires. C * S Group 
Ol 680 8371 


Notice of Order appointing Ptovt. 
atonal LnuidMor 
Court No 00 7 3 71 Of 1981 
Nature of Btnlnes*. Ctothing 

Dale of Aporenimenl of Proti 
sranal LUtuuutor. 36 Marnt 

Oiimai Reenter 
Aliannr Hnire 
Hoiborn \ idtiurt 
London EC in 2H0 


--r : 7:"-' ” 

• z:.& 


£10.500 Dynamic voima cart 
ner need-, excellent high «k-ed 
cer for Im bray and caned 
narkload in (timdli WN End 
Pracnre Full WP irdminq arc 
CP Call Mary Graces R« Cons 
01-637 5277 

.. -I 


to M brio at pie MRon HaW. 
Weeau. Rotlardan. on Tuacav. 
I0«n June 1M6. m 1430 hotro 


I Owning 

2. To <moiu me Maragemems 
naoort c o nc c ram g me stale of 
aHaas and me imesinieniocMv 
pusuod n pie pa&i Iwiancul 

1 To dscus& me Annual Accounts 

tor me rmancCT year I98SI19W 

4. To (Horn me appragrewn ol 
ma mom 

5 To docuss Die oompoMon ol 
me Board of Supervisory 

Mr h h Na Ida wd rcniB by rota- 
ioi hmh proposed to tna 
General Mewnfl ol SnarenoM- 
tn m m-ecci ran. 

C To docuss tne comtusoon ol 
me Board ol Uanagmg 
D> actors. 

n MU be proposed » ma Gen- 
eral Meems ol Snanmowers to 
aopom ** P. Konewmg a Man- 
aging Oenoc ol ma C-omoany 
Mm ertecl bora 1 st SepnmbH 

7 Any otber busnwss. 



io be barn on ThurKtay. Jvw 
1886 si 1100 am. Maraiau 
Square. F ro niatreet IS PnAoeocPg. 
SI Maanen (bamertanas mki 

1 Ooannq 

2 To raceive and adopt ma 

Management's Return cmcenv 

ng ma Stan ol a*uvs »ao me 
POKy omuea m me past tman- 
oai yew. 

3 To racene and adopt pie Annual 
Accounts In me bnanoal year 

4. To <MKniMe me wjxopnaaon 
of me pntfa 

5 To comoose me Beard of Su- 
parmsorv Directors 

Mr KH. Naina wn rnre bv ibta- 
fton. II ana Be oroposcfl 10 re- 
MBd ben 

6 Tocomprae me Beard of Ma»- 
Sffng Daactots 

IMM prooosed to morn Mr 
P. Konev*® a Managmg On ac- 
tor cf me oomoany enact 
bom 15J Sopunronr 1906 

7 Any oonr omnasa 

HaUtrt ol Snare Certi*c m mr to 
Bearer davrous ol atrenomfl or be- 
ak) lapressmea hi one or tod of 
me above stated Meetings, snoutt 
uwge me* snaie camncatrs bv 
W tooral Oenenes e* noi De 
jc n pwH mi me NBtenal wmr- 
ranster Bat* PLC. Stock Omen 
knen >a F<oc*. 20 Ow Eroaa 
StreeL Lonoon ECTJf 1EJ (bet-sec 
me noun ol 10 a m. ana 2 pm.) as 

LATER than UiESDaT. 3RD 
JUNE 1986 

not later than Thursday. 
1PTH JUNE 1986 
*1 BMSanne ky a new 
Berabaji owners wnrec snare «r- 
imcaias are presermy aeoasva 
won a banc mug eeran a Gwnnc^n 
ol Deoml saqned eg me ojiu as 
pwr ifuu 'ocn bore n Hung 
h» snare ormans tea CenA- 
ewe trust be wocwj aoan9 racmoi. 
by ms banc, wan me Nanonai 
WeBOimner term PLC. m accor- 
dance w*ti me requremeca suted 

The recMv iw me share eemteaw 
or CnnOcoe ol DepCdn Ml consn- 
lute made nee oi a snarenooer i 
wmbement k anenc and core ai me 
Meeang ana sm-ura De preureM at 
me ooch oi urn unwg im n a 
hofeer PMJus w wre a bto»t. 
woo new nui oe a meconr oi me 
Gonpany. E> .« ana rite n rns 
am*), a lorm i-t F*0«y may be oo- 
ta*vo Pom me Manorial 

ibevnrarwi 3dM PLC ac xnn 
ana ma kem a< c*cmv mu oe p/v- 
«AnMa ai ms d'o/ at nv? Meesng 
Had nageiber m«i rw rwr-noi ror ir* 
snare un*utn v niMdia ol 

Snajecoide'5 wto marrowi a 
Sn^encroern Aramed win me 
Como-irg w-srwig to anecq enner 
or octn Mrenngj or a.'tonrci g groav 
me* S8A? tpuFi kirA men m- m runra ro in* SHCieuev 
RiYPiro N tf C'O AnTTAW fi v . 
W SCAPAkeq IJJ. 3032 AO flw- 
letcari. iwiremBrci. id Fra* rci 
icier ihan me a. :ea mcicdrr aacv.- 
Aipiouqti pnj*ie£. may atieco ,v» M 

mh noi oe cas S me imiy-narve 

Cc-cwH of ma luA jivutn ana o< 
Ovp Arnusl Rstvsh tw l>rN666 can 
be ooraned Nim ibww- 

saw Bsnv PLC je. BV aoareSO 
■mown fflcvo 
Service ccniraets me "3t 
mo M*n me SJfcrm* 
hc* m accordance w-ti me Atioes 
ol AK06W" 

Dame ins 20 W <wv d A'ev «W6 
8y Cw» o* me Uanagnmm'f 





to j m 



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AH dam Red advert isemcni', 
«n he arctuictf hy irfepftnnr 
(cxccp, iVonnunccmenu). The 
wwflinc is S.UOpm 2 day? pnflf 
'? WNraiwi |ie ».H0pM Mun- 
M for Wednesday!, Should 
yoo »wh to scud an adxcnw 
mem m please mriude 
wj«_davtiine phmtc number. 
PARTMENT. If you have any 
quenca or problems retumg id 
> 0ur adtcfliKmem once ll has 
appealed, please comaci our 
t usiomer .Sen ten Depanmon 
b> lekplune on 01-481 4100. 


PRSN®*! 8BL no Hork-UK*. 
■nrm in June n inching 
wwnHUiMn toiin litnilt in 
Lonoan m return I nr rrnrrf h 
fWMMiV xilllnq Phone 

rran cr.SO H 44 40 


Lniiv Italian 

an» urriornsr4 niuhlk bv Itw 
5 -Mqni-ni CHmtu r.onipaiu' d 
Parra's P.Tvln an die Park Six- 
Tona^ml Wine' 

luuufic trrao sp.«>- .n*ii 

abl* lor iMinirr in L* *00 xu it. 
*-SSpw Trl.Ol 7Jtiao%lnou 


RU. CURTIS IN iirr 40 Hr 
»*on l UHI uiom « vou deni, 
k In'S Hi KAf Irani Hollk. 

Anna. E«f a inmns | 



Li*n« kind Murfm Viirr-ji kno 
wsindr.i .ih«A Jnruimu 
nSKQKOOPCR On Mas soin ! 

1‘Hl.i at Lambent Pauirr m iho 
AiriHmnur nl C.ui]>-rburi 
L-'O FMtrr. Graft:, ■! Hoorn 
( irr In lilt .tudr.-v now ji 
N r>» Malrfon Sum-v uomralu 
Uiiinm. Pal and Dotukl 


"UW4WOOM - On Max leih. 
I°4b, .u id. Saviour'* Church, 
'“■aiian Sln»l. Clwnra Prtvr 
J*Tmyn Rinnoroakr Rn^ 
Navy la AHxa Minx4l (fjig 
"DNS now. ai k'rugtax Trm 
mar Hmiv hrixMan. E«n 


COWART COLT Dai- nrqjmwd i 
lor 4 j 1I or riiM-tuKT* 4m Id- i 
rollon TH 07 VI 

Chnf Wribac A Cdnnvr 
r»rv tersmtef dmnnq. poiivn 
inq. angiKIxlnq Co AiUFkiWuD 
rtrl L'l 8~>4 rail 

Hrdi Fixlu-r Inin-i-jciM-m 
SAL' 14 Bronrtuma PI si* 5 
OI ooaa. IHgti-.iKmsr.ilr 
Mrn 40*5 in drtnoiKl 

CALIBRE CVS prnf.^xicrultv 
“riiu-n and ptodurrd eurrliu 
lum vilar durumnnlk DHaib 
Ol-SHO :nw 

SELECT HMNDS Cxi linn* in- 
irratiKiiuns inr I hr ui-all.icrw] 
5*, Si - ■*— I London HI 
Trip phone -1*»J «W f 

bum o « Julia- S'- 
Lib- ond>f ti-l-rt^in in 
sill.- Trl O^i' & e'O MUf 

h-r.'.im Lr.iunluli.o- iuiu lam 
ll, rstrruiilv II .a nr.uili m- 
Ilrinljim IOV -.SI ulir r-Tirirv 
dhrliif .iM r-s r-ini'-.-d irr ji 
mrni lur llir i'ln-« at Cloud-. 
H&ul- n tin It is sra :n b.-aunlul 
.■ml si^luivd surrounding- Fur 
illu.l.-.iii-d wrortlm sonioiT 
T-i-Ui- I ml li->r.i 

Silisntm- SPJ oHW rt O'JTdJ 

o; r- 

FRIENDSHIP. Le..- nr M.irrsigr 
All urns .Urns Ti.itrUU- LH-ot 
Wing-lmi Pi -ad Lon 
•ron HU, Tel OI «JH IOII 

Ekp. Ctirsi, Lw Me. All Dirsurr 
and sunn Tn OJI Srio t-Z7 ' 
ITiS Ail mofOr errdil Gann. 
DEHAT WEEK . Due la Mneefla- 
non Pmau- ho* aiaiAb Oi 
doA ?4iO aftiT 6pm. 

vummuedon Tscxrrs. 

Ro-mnl and wild TM OI 88! 
LM? or ai 7<u zzae» 
WIMBLEDON and mi Pm etna. 
Turk** bought and WM 
01 9JCH0277 or OI bytOSdfi 
graia. til ten rows. Lounge 
bodges etc Tel: OI 40 2 7881 


r Knmnrs animals, rte. want 
cd. 01 SlU 0024. 



nwu. rvrtient rondilwn. 
Ll &OO fine. Trl 01 377 lljl 


London'* leadinq uwriaiisi in j 
new and imotra piano* lot IW ■ 
iarq.'M gmutne arirrlMfi avail 1 
ante 5da Higftgah- Bft NHS 
Oi 2t>7 7o7t Free rauiogiM- 
and mrunfUlirsval Ouolilv at 

iwpiuup pneet i2»> Brwnlon 

Rd hCiovdoa OI 6HH JSI3 

PIANO WORLD. Srrondband. 
new. reeondilmied LmbcaUAHr 

pnrrs OI 4M& 1556 

no 1-402 nunogpny. rt rand 
L--.3O0 ono Tel 0372 372019 


OPERA LOVERS! Lnny nation 
aiur. pariormra mghtlv by thr 
spaghelli tiprra Conroany al 
Pji-n's Pasia an 1 nr Park. An 
f-M iiing rvu. restaurant at lib 

hmghtvlmilgp. SH 1 Rmmp 
innr Mtr now no 01 S84 



Large Mignl roam A awn bath 
room 1: H ■ Jo ntnntre. CbO 
p — mrlustve WJJ 7IIQ. 
lns|s SII room IvAD. col TV. 
£300 pv. r-H 351 4DIJ 
rnfilrjl LoipVm Irani ES2& pw 
1 King Town Hw A DU 373 J4il 



t. S> Luster 17 PuIvtrud.'SI Lun 
don Hi 01 -m* 'idti 


WIMBLEDON DrtornlllTi-l and 
i-hIIi-I, -vaulnl t»-i pnvali ri-m 
l-aim-. tup price* lutd 0: 



m was na-.. 

r ' r- o: J«t7 45«j-. and OI 303 

»H-.VS B-KlVr-Tk-eU A. Ptv l-k-VO 
tunmnre Tel ol 0H5 01 48 or 
r . : 228 .’7 in d.iy .tr nmhl 
r.isr. Hilli.inr.. 4! Lamm 
■ ui-rtnil -M HCi *» 


ts.ilil-sl O-Uiti- :.n I S FH-sl 

lum-. p.nd OI 5J-.A 
WIMBLEDON all tu t. Is v. anted 

m-t i.-r In- 1 nr -res paid 

,si u> . jfj*. 


OI ^---i IT'S 

5WS -spartous dal For 2 people I 
itnubh- roum al L 1 40 00 oach 
per mrmm. and lor I person 1 
Siniue ratlin al Ll °C 00 per 
mnnlh Untv V upors need 4P 
pit 1 Tel OI 370 locA 

CHELSEA SWIO Modern, new 
.warimenl Ip snore wim I diner 
pri-i Udv -. smoker with sense 
humour- Is drier batenny - 
rar pi C326prm 01 734 0808 
• 24 hrs- 

CLAPHAM SW4. Pro! m I lor 

0 r ip lusurs eti tlal 2 Mint 
lune Ll 70 im m excl - dep Tel 
T37 thM Lie. 

FLATMATES belertne Snaring 
Is.-ll esl.ib llllrodutlorl wriHC 
PKe let mr appl 01 5 h° 544L. 
MJ Br-jmpiofi Ruad. IHJ 
20 .. -v.i 11 lur rm. la snare lux 
tiai all turn nans. i'3S W aw . 
T. I 4i>'i S|K4 tD> Taj -385 -El 
KENSINGTON Snr spanonev 2 
tssJ 1l.1l uiih I other MnaTn 
nnr. hs-i-ie unit 4'S-JPVS in tl 

01 ov-2 5442 Off it e nt-urx 
1WV Or 1 25» o. r. rlurm 

■nu hair 11.11. r.ver looks leii-rn 
Su r«ii>» 5 Mins C-45 CO pw 
i-xr 1--I 373 5I0H eies 
&W14 2nd PERSON 25vrs, 
Own r>»im in garden ftal Near 
tub-- and all annum Cl 20 
prm esrt 870 IOOP eves 
W2. Girt n smoker (or uunoui 
rm in malxunetle fldl Own 
roakina lacililin £48 pw 2t>2 I 


(v w nr. snare wiih 5 olhers. 
Trlepn-me luuav 352 0346 

CHISWICK Prm F. o r. gdn flat. . 
it s. R nuns lutie Ll 50.00 pern 1 
exit 01 a «»S IWafWOJOpni 
EALING Young pro! m I to Stir, 
r-'ne. (lid Own le mi Hit 
L I J5 00 prm met 018402480 
MOM-FM ONLY CaVma *5 Sun 
nun wc-i. London rnmmul»r 
N onls- Rum OI aJS- 1045 
POSH SPACIOUS sin Ken dal 
lor sNuniig Own Ohio bedrm. 
all mil Ld&pw Calt 370 SI 
PUTNEY SWI5. M l W* arm 
X Iw llal n 5 £150 prm * 

mils TH 01 W 5774 leiet 
SWS F to -dir small, lovely iwe. 
m lube O r n > 26-30 C45 
pw e*tl 37*0384 aiiero P m 
UPTON PK. 20 min Bank 51 n a 
a r mature F n s LIOSA C120 1 
pm No tall- 01470 0220. 
W.14. Male 24e n s. a. r. ui mix , 
lea- £40 on Pw evfl Nr lube , 
Te| OI 602 7958 esgS 
W DULWICH L ie sing rm Outer 
Prat N s suit artist £J5 p w 
me ♦ bre.1M.1sl Tel 76! 7R4S 
WEST KENSINGTON. 2nd person 
to Slhire lux Ilat O H. £70 pw 
mrl 1-1 oCO 7689 


SPECIAL SALE- P wmxn ■ h.n.i [ 
Lx-;.- 1:1 laptr. Vs a s 1 al., t.-.e-t 
ler v Wluie k”7-r H Vs ■ i-ri 

tune I Lli » Linni.-rt V.I 

tree: ,r Jiut t--l • Win 
■ ;pi. -siuilii- , I .a- 
lid |-?2 H-umr-'im P- .id 
t.i.i.4.; J--idg- <« ■' r: 


1 inimt -X Pr-u-r- I'i- 

■1emrm-r.i-eses B.m> U-hkI.i- 
Muiida- a -Nil M-n -it --in I 

T--T- ham v..-xnvr- | 

; 47 “4 Fine sii 
T.Ke.hum Nr Tveli-r ii.'3sV- 


••.•in-. i.jilet la-i-ne-nt %:nl 
a-, jil.ti'-e nir g"eup» it b jf 
11— r- -r.-m L2-X* pel person 

I urle-l iiurgnialien ..mrMl 
ii.ei- ■ Puaur-lv lei 7a: 
>4T- letex AMlIVi 


FMEST nu-ilds wiwd rarpHs Vt 

l-itilr pines .uu! nixhK al-w 
.i-.a-Liine I Of- s extra lar-je 
r«‘>nm -are rernn.inls umht halt 
■•■■rm.11 O' k- i h.inrerx » . Uriels 
4 if. iM'i' 

THE TIME* 011-1 

nl..-, a. ill Ham, nnund tr Ms 
•••■ pf.wiiii.iriiin alar 

HVI-el 11s- Ctl V Hemenner 
u ;.-T- - - 1 —84 r -".' " 

•-■arieihi Lsp iT»*» Lrs Xn. 
all itw, -tse-tx 

I. -i !-..«< it- e 

VI. Sra lunera 
B1HTMOAY DUE T v.i- - -a.trwa.pi ; 
.in «*rikMi>4l Tinu-' 

.•.ii..] r-u- verv rtiv in— . -»i-rr 
rr r- .'12 5s' 04- ” V»J 


hir x.-1-s el. Naii. .I—, ee 

m ms Trt itviv’i 
■Vs :l«- 

5 EATF1HDCRS Am event me • .-a 
st, i'»t-xil Vein -vl.uiiu-ii L ,a 
lx irtlii- ili-n CPs la- --I 

u.7« 'll." rt.vtit me 


VV.-'J.itJer; Cd'VC"'1j' f|| e3 
rr,” -\iti.-i ente S5 31 

,C * VAT '/JC3I 71 ■ ee-ler :> 
jets HtSTir* t« 

t. i 55 W K *c + V A. «’(■'» 
S,iM5 IAS 

543 FfiU>333 fiaad. 

Parun Gnw, SW5. 

Tel: 01-736 7551 
frer Bsttoato-fcP« Eiles j 


More low-cosi lligtits 
vie more routes 
to more destinations 
than any other agency 

Fast, expert, high-tech 
service Free worldwide 
hotel & car hire pass 
• up lo 60% discounts 
Open 9-6 Mon-Sal 

Immunisation, Insurance, 
Foreign Exchange, 
Map i Booh Shop 


ar afltsJt »l ’nr’ 

42-4B Earls Court Road 
London M 6EJ 
Lone-Haul 01-603 ISIS 
Euroog/USA 01-937 5400 
liUBininesa 01-938 3444 

single mum 
Jo'burg/Har £300 £486 

NbhoOi £220 £325 

Cora E130 £200 

L8O05 £235 035 

Mfiom tSM Dg 

Bangkok £166 £330 

DouSe £420 

Afro Asian Travel Ud 
162/163 fluent SL W1 
IB: 81-43T8S5W7/B 
LA & Braun BpotaMH^Wcona 




SYWlfY - 








jjS AflGfLfS 









Rjutr oneBR baagmss 

01-370 6237 


Nairobi. JoUutr. Cairo. Du- 
haL InuibaL Singapore. K.L 
Ddbi. Bangiok. Hone fong. 
Sidney. Europe. &The Amen- 
cis. Fbtnnta} TtavcL J New 
Qurbcr Sl Marble Arch Loo- 
doo W1H TDD. 

01-402 9217/18/19 

Open Saturday lO.OfLO.On 



































axnjno ram ltd 


Tat ei-os isnrwn 

j mi i»r« «TpL/Mia 


Nat'-'bi. i>' - 5lt.i^. Cairo Ptihai. 
Ivjrhil K L Pelhi. 

Baneli'l. ll-'rrr kvni Sidney. 
Europe A Trr AruncviL 

FluMin Tra«rL 
.» New Lforhee hr. Mirhl* 4/ch 
LuNua W1H ~DD. 
oi-w: 9:r/js/io 
Open SalMday IODO-I.VSD 


«i-ca”*p 66 i< ESS 
I>-K13 3C--5 6 €-*» 
Maiaat 6 5 It W9 
TatwitB 1.6 (r £(16 
3,6 n £i^S 

Most European tfMbna- 
borix nna now 

on 01-723 6964 


01 724 2388 AST A ATOL 


0 w £385 rut Co45 Auckland 
a w £420 rtn C774. Jo'lwrq 
n w £264 rm £470 Los Aiw 
mow U92 rtn £380. London 
rimm Canlra 01-370 6332 

N»wr >ork C24P. L.A C37R. To- 
romo £216 JHurg £419. 
ixauau £309 txvdney- £639 
Auckland £7*9 Darbur 1 30 
.k-rmvn Smt at 839 7144 
M-norra. Tromle. villas. Apt 
Pntvans Taverno*. HMMays 
FUititv Brortiurcs imlanl 
hookings vnHura HoMayv. 
T-4 OI 250 1355. 

WORLD WRK Flnhls spocialt-Unq 
■n rml.CluhOosa. Ecanomv la 
VinlraUa. Far Last. S Ainca. 
£*.£. LMWn. Faro A Oiwva 
Pnorw Traxid CraVrr OI4>5t> 
7..F25 -VBT-V 73196 
t CALL Forwimr-iVlhPbaUitralx 
on dK v dljs. apls. niK and car 
lur« T-M I rirnkm OI 636 5000 
Van. fn-xi-r 061 832 2000 Air 

Trav.-I vdinors Bureau 

CONCORDS Warn' Dallas I2.-'15 
iimo rin £1454* nr Conrordo 
ano w >i\ wllft x,ri-du»oi1 I wav 
Fiixl CI7M ClUb £1470 Eon 

V Cc-tnn'Dir. 01 429 4251 
IlhStl-, ag Rid £485 Lima 
»:4H5 rm -visa snail Gnuip 
Hi-itid.iv lournej- ■«! Rani 
ir-mi LT50i ~n.A 01 747 3108 

1 -V S tisnva. Mh| and For 
I .r.1 s Ainca Tray vale. 48 
M.irgan-t SH—*. Wl Ot 580 

-\na -Accepted! 

N YORK Miami LA CheaDexi 
lace- -xn nviwc L S xrlwdutett 
ran K-r- Aha lumaunlir 
• tv.irti-rx K iliqhls u> Canada 01 
5*4 7371 ABTA 
PLANNING A TRIP lo wanner 
rfirm-i'- Aarov 3 Wheeler 
iperhdiw m imniwirtulil suilx A 
clrahing Ri-odv-Ki wear and he. 
xp-rre 44 Picradillk LOKJXJN 
Wuixiwide rlHvtpnl lorn. 
Rirrun.Mid Travel I Dine «g 
I Rli hixnaid ART A OI 940 4073. 
i-—- c-wi (ligfil exhertk Cuiota- 
A Vx kkV rrerannt HoluUvx 
til 741 4C-I*0 ATOL 432 I A r A 
rifunn liiKn mini l K airports 
Mam lot- special iwix Folder 
OI 471 CkMT ATOL 1640 
TUNISIA Far ihai P-rTerl nolrdav 

w iin xiinnv rtav s A carefree nix 

Ideal spetm Summer Tunisian 
Tf l- e| OI V73 44 1 I 
ALICANTE, ram. Malaga e*r 
Lnirxmd travel ATOL I’BJ 
OI I 4a4l. HaixJkim 68541 
AUSSIE. N i Seuth Ainca 
I ». A Hnn-i hnnq. Hid Fares 
OI r-3 7775 ABTA 

C.ii -gv Wi-rldwide Trt (Ji 
•h-.-a.i sii-nmm AIOL 
i»tr|e CklierMe Travel ABTA 
*31 K-.o e*’>33 Rina Angse 
DISCOUNTS 19 Lreovamv lick 
elx Ti-v ux mi rLIGHT 
lUXKi l RS 01 SM7 Q|t»3. 
ECUADOR TRAVEL xt-malnts in 
I abn America A CuruPe air 
I nex 1-| OI 417 7S.V4 VB1 A 
SYD MEL C6IA Perth 1M5 AH 
i".int rartiefx n> AL5 NZ OI • 
■-■84 7 5'1 '1HT A 
ml out hrevhure Sleepwev OI - 
«."9 :-8’Q UrOl 1898 

TURKEY late ai aljbiliU lr £1 69 
Turt ixn fie i ion i Hoiidas-x ot 

8*1 O-VT-Q viol 204 7 

SOUTH AFRICA Jrfoonj from 
L46i 01 5*M 737! ABTA. 

!*•■"■ '-ill Kijirt'-* 1 ! 0! 

T.i '« \'.nt i.iyji 



TvtgHhurwecanbcJMi | 

'A-- -..ll ti-»*Ti-".v till- i 

i.i -I-. 1 -J-.' S I Ild-.V 1 * 1 - I -t X-; | 

..... .!-.«■ "i. a;. ■ 

■«:el ! K j 

H' ^ j 

1,1 ! 

Canc» Vj\ 1 
Researdi V* m.i 
C an^aign|J^J|| 

■ I .. M-~r P-‘ - I { 

-rro* ^ | j 

British Heart Foundation 

The heart research charity. 

1C2 Gloucester Place. 


Wedtfing Morning Suits. 

Ptnrwr &* ,? ^ 

E*pmng Tjii Suits P 

react jjodiL S ^ 

5:i::xvf' BH 

Surptas to 

taro Oopt. IVm 


from E30 (Iri s 

LiPMANS HIRE ; f tit 


?2 CHAP1N0 ' X F 

CROSS RD fe ' 


fNr lkmiw Sa -C "fib ; 

Tubal j 

01-200 3310. 


01-938 2311 


FULHAM 6 bedrm n». Nm 
CA fpMaTMfflt OdN map. an 
mi. hS AR mam 3 DOttM, OOn. 3 
nwn tuba. MOO. 

S KEH. v*ry apaooua Daaut 
aw Qdn So dim baorm, fe- 
ugm map. good m. oowfwc 
f%ao LovNr paded itaft. £250. 


Para £69 N York £196 

FfMhat £65 lAfSf £335 
Logos £320 Man CT9B 
Nsrat* £325 Sngaoore £420 
Jo bug £400 Banc* ok £335 
Cara £205 Kamndu £440 
OutSom 035 Hangout £350 
Hang Kong £510 CafcuBa £«35 

na ^s°i a, sSr e 

II Bnflo* Sl Imam Wl 

01-419 21IU137 0S37 

mum Gfuns AGcana 

vu* perfect c-tunoir. iaumu 
waletMtam. supers lood. un 
limned xvtrv FjiiIMk bargain 
pnrrx lor May and June oem. 
Biadon Lines Travel. 

OI 788 2200 


Hulidavx Greek niamh. Ca- 
nary islands and T grx— v 
Tint- wav Holidayw0923i 
771266 ABTA 

cosTcurrois ON rhgnis non 

In Europe I S A 8 most dexuna 
n-irix Travel 01-730 

USA lr £115 Single. £210 rtn 
High Si ■axon Fares Maior Pav- 
el Ol 485 9237 IATA 


Ben/ Travel TH 01 38S 6414. 

Havmarhrt 01 930 I Joo 

Ring HTT Ol 930 2466. 

1111 Travel wise Abu Alol 

MALAGA, FARO. Lowest forex 
01 735 8191 Alol 1893 



CaKeltaUOfl 3n> Jan 2 arts 

C'lnte akjnq tne Tulmti 
UrV^ruvpl uust 9" 1 tWUNul 
ri vrr iocm, 5 o&«5. 
•iTcsi^x-oq as ben mow, 
fisnu-e & tnoUABig eoutnera * 
tuli xji>: £2i5 bo iR me 
Tet 717 1DT1 
Mil 1922. 

CRUISE Turkey 12 berm crewed 

(Pidii xacbt 2 MU June 3 J7 
£ 4e>5 whole boot a>M4Dlf OUl 

nr week-- lrt»tn liooo. mr 
tin I mrl w -.pom Ol 5S6 
!■*>;. Vlul 2091 

TAKE TIME OFF lo Ponx. Am 

■JiTil.iin Hrnvo-K. Brines 
l> ni 1 -. u Berne. Lairxdnnr. The 
H.ejui- Dublin. Rniten Pw 

!■«»!» A Kli-BPe Time Ofl So. 
Iiiili r O-1-e Innooft -SH 1 \ 
'W.i Ol 236 8070 
CYPRUS WAY lune 1 er 2 XI** 
Mnt-I- V|*l -xrnedulnl ItWhlx 
V-.iii Vv'erkl VHXIOUkl Ol -3* 



DORDOGNE AREA ink Cenlurv 
l irmhnuiex. beat* rqn Ip 3 cof- 
l.nex un-ps 2 6 6 8 SO? 8871 

foe Al now decor. 2 OOia 
(NKtatu. map K * B. pma 
r*a n75. 

MOHOATE. Suoem Mews. 2 
due bearm apt Mod ml 
map. K + B. gge. gdns. £135. 

TEL 499 5334 

Stmu Sony fWL Lge leap. 
M/Ortni 2 dtfe Ml 2 bUta. 
Ip+ Co tet £34 Sow md CHfCKW. 

UNFURHBiffD house wA atrac- 
6* ganten and gngo. 2 leans. 4 
Beds. 2 Daths. ip* £S50n». 

01-225 0433 


Chamng 3 bedroom town 
house with water news m 
knteraied development Ga- 
rage. pane, close to Mumg 
Tube & St Kanwme's Dock. 
£250 pw. BeckJands Office: 
l Of-SM 4921. I 

KEMHNGTON Super very large, 
newly Turn and decoraied s c 

(la I, a bedrm*. dpt 6 

lounge dining room. 

kHctwn MvjUmi rm. 

bathrm wr. gas CH. IN- TV. 
entrance phone £300 pw Go 
M only MKfUMH Richards 8 Co 
995 5573. 

BELGRAVIA. SW1 Townhouse 
with I rad i no not £ng«li ambi- 
ence DMe Retro with slnpprd 
ptne (krrtAacr. Dining rm. 3 
Beds, lge Both. O L polio gar- 
den Shower rm. lul. 
fum imlum £375pw COMeS 
828 8251. 

■RfCHT SUPERB Luxury mol 
sonHle al the AngH Nl. 2 dMe 
bed rooms, kmvioui lounge, 
kllehen diner, balhroom. (ully 
lurnahed. arh. IHepbone. col- 
our Iv. nwn entrance. IS muis 
Irani rfty. Co lei £190 00 pw. 
Tel 01- 837 1322 

QUEENSGATE Verv auHL beau 
ItfuUv inlenor designed newly 
■nodermsed 2 bnlrdum Hal with 
lulls- rilled kllcnen. dining 
roetn. silling room, bathroom & 
dod hr on m A small palio gar 
den. L275PW Phillip Andrew* 
01-486 8991. 

FULHAM Luxury house. £300.00 
per week Lang IH. no agent* 
Tel. Ol 381 0417 

cently converted ouaUly 
apartmeiu. Lge nemo A ML 2 
beds. 2 baUis. UR. unfumedied 
with excHlenl carpets, curtains 
and linings. C26Spw Inc! id CH 
A CHW. Co M only. Tel Ol 668 
I0«n idavl 

lux (Tati - houses £200 ■ EliXC 

pw. t.’xual fees nq PttMUps 
Kay A Lewis. Soul ft id the Port. 
Chehea ofdce. Ol 352 8m re 
North of the Park. Regent's 
park office. OI 722 5136 
lor-Meo for Knlghtabrldge and 
South Ken 2 dm bedroom*, sll- 
Ung room, k A b. colour TV. lull 
CH. CHW A elec Jnc, Holiday 
let. 3 month* max £300 pw 
Tel.351 4813 . 

nwis CA very, wadtms and 
newly decora led -mu urn Shed 
house In noM u ro ei . 4 beds. 

2 balh. Hnety m Hoof- drawing 

room, dining room, kitchen, 
cook, utility, garden. Oo LeL 
£675 pw. JCH 828 0040. 
ovalloMr on Ume shore baas. 
L-nlgue 2 bed dal. (Ully fur- 
nished and equipped £380 pw. 
PTKWir Jean Holliday. 01-379 

COOFNEY ST SWX Lovely new 
ty dec house billing rm. dining 
rm 3 beds bamrm. shower m. 
xludy. rout Irrr. mod kit Avail 
nnw Long Co lei £6COpw nc*i 
Maskelh 681 0216 
conv llal In imiiur dec order 
DM- Bedrm. bnqut recep rm . 
mod ,1 kil A turn rtn £ 16 Spw 
229 9966 

SWI Loveiv id ROOT flat over 
luokinq garden diuam 3 fkdv 
Hje Drawing Room with ball c 
ns Dining Hall Klirn EUtn A 
Oivili Machipex Cn in 
LJOOpw JCH 82M 0040 
rurr rally seeking «iOil guolils 
i'-nr,.i orriimmudalHm in 
erairal London (or wamng 
ciimpani invmtxol 957 9681. 
RELORAV1A SWI Short id ror 
pm, peT-am. sunns bedmom. 
onv all 1 bain room m uxe of 
kilrhrn 2 minx Ninane square. 
£86 PW 1 IV I 01 730 5537. 
BROOK GREEN Wfi. Charming 
Id IV S C Har. Rer .Ilium | 
Dntr I Sole Boron K A B CH 
CMne lube Iks pig £130 00 
pw Tel 01 74H sr»a 
FULHAM )M. 2 bed dal in luxu 
r> DIKk merlooking riser Lge 
ree. 2 balhx gar Ixew dee ana 
rarpets UOOpx Slur gn A bon 
7W 4551 


good 2 be* tuil in ollrartixe de 
lehjpmenl nr nver pork Long 
rn let LI40 pw John 
Hollingsworth 73c D406 
A BARGAIN! 2 bed rial £76 pw 
Hands tuheaurdra. Tx. morse. 
C healing, olhem available. 
62 r 261 Q HomeKvoiorx 
AMERICAN Hank urgently re- 
quires luxury Hols and houses 
Iran UW ■ ei on* pw Ping 
Huroess L slate lormv 581 51 36 
AVAILABLE NOW Luxury (lalx A 
houses Chrlxea knionisneidge. 
bHQfatu C2O0 £2 OOOpw 
Tel Hurgexx 5NI 5136 
BERN • BUTCHOFF Mr luxury 
prnperties in SI Johns Wood Pe 
enl* Park. MatdJ Vale suns 
Cop A Hampstead 01 SH6 756i 
COUNTRY DCAU kind 3 bed 
house IMS ok. reepi pteevr. 
Tx larking non UIO pw 
others 627 2ciCi HomHoramr* 
DOCKLANDS Houses and Hals 
inrnuohdui (he Ovklands aix-a 
Divklanitx Property Centre Ol 
488 4 85? 

FLEET ST EC*. CMV hideaway 
Lrenanl smd Hi xiudm do, in 
■lixiorir i.Mjrl tihf pw Cons- 
Pam Le, M>J695« 355 5190 
best. 2 rec 2 both ILII with ex 
nuistie views, i Wnx met 
CH CHW Cl2S 411 2555 


June Botgoiiix xiin ynme high 
season avaslaMIKy Jusirrame 

103731 82628! . 




We con linn* supptv * first 
dau villa eien al me Iasi 
minute We nave prooaMx 
ttK finest veifctlbP IB the 
Mean err .mean on Lnrtu. 
Crete, pax os. 4 Inane 5o>J(11 
of f ran re. Italy 00 the 
be.ien or with pool All nave 
maid, same a took- Prices? 
Flam me very espenxne la 

me surunanglv numl' 

*3 C adagrra SfexsA 
Lorakra !WJ 2M 
01-381 BBS! 01-5*4 8*01 
1380 0132 - 24 hr thraHiWa 


M.GMIK. !ffl» 

BfrauWuJ Hloa wsti poofc Suwtb 

sra eh TTomtaji SPSOM. 

DISCOONTS Mar. - June. 

Some July. August avpiabNIy 
Col Inotb nwUMi. 
01-GM 8825 
(mn 358-5206) 


For Eats CrartSfflcB. 

If you have initiative, sett 
motivation and wo fully 
experienced in residential 
(citings, and behove hart 
un! Wngs its own rewards- 
wa know you'll Ht in our 
inertdiy 108AL Basra salary + 
cofftnwMqn + car Nlovranea. 
Ant Id wind Income E 15000 
1 pjL Phone Mr Quratsta. 

Good omMt bnghl and spadaul 2 
(Me bed uk m amersian. U 
isqit Mb 8 shww rm. KM/ 
dm pfos Kl mim Anl rn E34S 

CORFU BARGAIN. £139 t wk. 
LleA 2 Wk* lor a beautiful VII- 
le- nr the srj 1st June E* 
Oafs H-k Ring Par Worm HM- 
rtai-. Ol 734 2562 

Continued on page 35 

Spring in Leodegrance’s step 

By Mandarin 
(Michael Phillips) 

At this advanced stage of the 
National Hunt season it often 
I pays to follow a fresh horse who 
has not been subjected to ibe 
rigours of jumping in mid- 
winter. For that reason I think 
| that it could prove rewarding to 
1 back Leodegrance (2.0) and 
Lanhydrock (4.30) to win (heir 
respective races ai Newton Ab- 
bot this afternoon. 

A winner twice already over 
today's course and distance of 
two mites and Gve furlongs, 
Leodegrance is napped to win 
the Lord Mildmay Memorial 
Challenge Cup Tor his owner, 
Kitty Bernard, 

Until he ran and won at 
Devon and Exeter 15 days ago, 
Leodegrance had not been seen 
in public for more than five 
months. And the benefit of that 
rest was apparent as he turned in 
a sparkling performance, lead- 
ing all the way to beat the useful 
AdnuraTs Cup by four lengths. 
Further behind came St Wil- 
liam. North Yard, Fire Drill and 
Jugador. all good performers on 
their day. So the form looks 

Last autumn, before his 
break. 1 watched Leodegrance 
run well enough on two other 
occasions to convince me that 
he should be capable of winning 

m$k • ■■ 


Dick Hein and Willie Carson* who team Dp for the Queen's 
beantifully-bred filly, Red Shoes* at Wolverhampton (4.15) 

today's race with only IOsi 71b. 
The first occasion was when 
runner-up to The Tsarevich at 
Wincanton; the second at 
Sandown where he finished 
third behind Hazy Sunset. Now, 
full of the joys of spring, 
Leodegrance ought to prove 
capable of beating the recent 
Folkestone winner, W Six 
Times, al a difference of 231b 
While it must be said that his 
stable companion. Panto Prince, 
has a good chance of winning 
the Charles Vickery Memorial 
Challenge Cup, I still just prefer 
La oh yd rock from Oliver 
Sherwood's in-form Lambourn 
stable. Considering that he had 

bred fillies .will contest the 
second division of the Three 
Sisters Fillies Stakes, notably 
Mysterious Dancer, who won on 
the course as a two-year-old for 
Ian Balding, and Red Shoes, 
trained by Dick Hem. 

By the legendary Northern 
Dancer, the former is out of ibe 
1973 1,000 Guineas and Oaks 
winner. Mysterious, while Red 
Shoes is the first foal of the 1 977 
Oaks and St Leger winner, 
Dunfermline, by Northern 
Dancer's son. Dance In Time. 

At Salisbury recently. Brian 
Proctor incurred the displeasure 
of the stewards for his riding of 

Red Shoes and he was fined 
accordingly. Today. Willie Car- 
son takes over the ride in the 
royal colours. 

This new combination should 
go well but I am still led to 
believe that they may not beat 
Bishah, from Henry Cecil's 
powerful yard. Beaten only half 
a length, and somewhat unluck- 
ily so. in her only race as a two- 
vcar-old at Goodwood, Bishah 
shaped like a certain future 

Finally, Marimba's good run 
at Kcmpton against the more 
experienced Clarentia could 
turn out lo be the key to the 
White Ladies Maiden Fillies’ 
Slakes rather than Bundukcya’s 
close third behind Nutwood Lil 
at Ripon. 

LON DON Luxurr (untoiml 
aMrtment*. lutty %mK«L 
i-nwr gf IK avian dr odvcrii' la 
Kenunglon Palaro From £300 
- £550 pw 3 month* • 2 wan. 
Mount cwTOn Monoo-mtU Ud. 
01 491 2626 ITMCk 299 1 85 1 

HED-A-TERHE. Wnl End/Oly. 
Altroctntty turn in Wnl mi 
Ira] lorolnn Dow lo lute. Sfp 
bath A kH Perfect For Coy exec - 
ulnr PBS A porter Com pref. 
£125pw. 244 7353. 

Wl LARGE LUXURY Furnished 
lUi 3 Onto. 2 recetn. kitchen 
and 2 bains 1 1 Hi MAb-i. gxtCH 
Chw All appUances 1-3 month 
let £4CiOpw. Tct 01 429 6102. 

CHELSEA Luxury no) dow lo 
nver 2 dMe ted*, lounge- dm 
■nq room, well eguUHied kit. 
bath. E226PW Cavln Cowpcr 
351 6732. 

F.W.CAPF iMaiuamenl Services' 1 
Lldrrauirc propertm In central - 
so utli and wext London area* 
(or wailing acvHcants.0l-22i 

FULHAM Charming new 1 ped 
ttol in lUMk with pool gym and 
sauna Suner kil and hatii. Long 
and short lei*. £190 pw. God- 
dard A Snulh 930 7321. 

MAMF9TEAD. Super lux eteganl 2 teds, wood panel led spa- 
cious lounge, new i , kitchen. 
t>-v lo transport £170 pw. 
Tet. 01-431 1263 

HEMrr A JAMES Contort us now 
cm 01 235 8861 for the tesl se- 
lection of lumtxnrd Flats and 
house* lo rent m KmqhtsArtdge- 
hensingUn, and Chetsea. 

KENSINGTON A xelectton Of de- 
hgmtul 2 bed dais In period 
Mock xel m enclosed garden 
Newiv decorated with great 
SKIP and eteganc-. kits, an ma- 
chines. long co let*. £525+ pw. 
Goddard A Smith. 930 7321 

KENSINGTON WR ,o « Church 
SI i. delightful unmoc 2 ted Ha, 
avail i mined Well evnupped. 
£200 pw TN 088 388 2205 
KNMHTSRRRME Attractive du- 
dk> tial with gaHciied tedroom- 
k n b £200 pw. Allen Bates A 
Co. 409 1665 

MEWS MOUSE with oarage. S*W 
«h new high -tec I ted hsc In 
W2 £140 pw. Buchanans: 3SI 

MODERN a dMe -tedrai fWL 
rec pi. TV. washer, phone, nr 
lute, garden. £95 pw omen 
627 2610 Homewcaiors uu 9. 
ted. 2 recep tw In OM Chcixea- 
ISewly r-dec. Only £200 pw. 
Hurtianans- 381 7767 
RICHMOND lux ground noor fur- 
nnhed UN. 2 OM bed*, cans, 
hare coy. Tel. parking space. 
Go* CH. £1 SOpw Ot 948 8538. 
SJ7 9G0L The numtof tgremem- 
her when xeeklng best reniai 
prnpigik-x in central and prone 
L.wdnn arras £150/ £2 .OOOpw. 
U.S. CO M P ANY seek* (urn prop- 
ernes in best London areas 
Agene-i 01 S89 5481 
£ Co have a large xeieclion oT 
llaL< A houvex avail (or I wk «- 
tram £200 pw Ol 4Q0 1663 
Wl, HARLEY STREET, rial. 3 
dole iMxlrms. 2 bolhroi*. recep. 
tnUv luroiShrd £350 pw 631 . 
1369 idavi 586-3251 levexv 
Wl A. I.ox MV Itxe wim pano. Ideal 
5 shoterv vxilh own nemv 2 
holhs jMQpwrach i£2COpwr 
nucha flam. 351 7767 
Imuxe s londen Exlat-i 42-7 
7I6W pc 7.V4 9029 until 7pm. 
CAMDCNt l dt-tc bearm sees Ned \ 
nr luoe Oticcie CHC69 pw Olh i 
erv li«i 6?7 2610 Hameiocalorx 
CENTRAL Mils paid, nine xtudin. 
«:H. v r £58 pw Others o^T 
2610 Hnmeiocaton HU 9 
CHELSEA • Span out 2nd nr not 1 
vwi cuUPte Minx 34. £145 pw. I 
kn agents 362 6870. 

CHELSEA Light lux twKrmy tial 
Double bedroom. r*cep. titt*. 
honerx Long let 622-5825 
CLAPHAM C OMM ON mi pet h F F 
2 tediootn mod dal £139 »« 
Trim 6*5 0951 
FORTH CREEM HZ ununjr spill 
level tiai. paUo A gdns. x-runiv 
xv-Jem £160 pw 01883 4116 
HUGE CON FLAT DtAr bedrm. 
rend, phone pkjlH) £85 pw 
Olhera627 2610 HomMacaiar*- 
LONC LET also HOUd.iv, In Lon 
don Forexhade Prn p r rti ex 242 
»46? ext 27. dr 831 0367 
LOVELY 8 BCD Hal with 2 Hams 
rec Minn dvnuig room ut Cttel 
ui mn pw 730 3*35 ill 
Ligfil 2 rm garden (Lit 1 yr Co 
Lei Ll SO pw 267 2552 
■OCMMONO HEW. d 5 beg*. 

mnd f urn i hxr lor CO let 

£295 OO pw Tet 01 947 ISo6 
5 G WLAMS A CO LTD tar prop 
rtf> irnldtx m Kenxmglon A 
xurreunduiu arnn 221 2el5 
SOUTH WEST brdvil nr lute, gar- 
den own kit. p lira. £35 pw 
Other-. l-2 - mid Homrtocaiorv 
Sluftm. kil din rm. xtinwrc. 
WC. CH C80 pw 821 0417 
SW3 4 II rad he i dMe bed. I 
recep kAB CI20DW C« let 
KX B2» £040 

SWI 7 Near mix- * 4 Pint xnre S 
b lux — rv-r-rt dal £120 dw 
I nr Tr! 6"2 34>XVd 77H 8S58P 

WC1. Modern 1 ted truailll 
niewx Oat on immenv (hand. 

£1 75pw Tel 24£l 79119 



isuns a THE sun 

FROM £129» 

flY DIRECT to COftfU. 
rite £ «io dose to curious 
beaenn Some FREE oNd Dtees 
FREE Bindsurlino in Crete. 
AuiiJbiiiry ihroug.ioul (he 

0403 50788 




HtKsoinssos a chahia 

Ampc Giwk IxiNy otter oeauMul 
orvse mite stuaos. many won 
Doqlj tr ET99 Old row 
Plftjse Mfl tor our small Tfrtfltfly 
brae* Irt 

01-994 4462/5226 

Arm 1922 


Draw: tug^i manbers best 



W Wharton 10 
DoraMc Gtaoa 19 
. JRtridrt 
WR Sritahont 17 
ttartay 18 
B Rouse 4 
A Prood 2 

S Patka 3 

MW May! E VWKWfcr S-IlM 

^■Don) G PtndimTl-Qordon^ 8-liH 

WwONMttSS (D RomtUNts) B McMahan 8-ill 
BCFBAramr (Qiosiwa Tratam 0 Haydn Jonas B-1J 
BROADWAY STOMP (USA) (J Dtiftfl 0 Huffar 8-1 tB 
3 BtMMKEYAfHAt-MaktoumH Thornton Jonas 9-11 
CHANTILLY DAWW (Mrs P Awn) R W lutakflf 8-1 !■ 
03 KALA^ RUBE tt Parry] G MOOra 

13 03 KOLA'S MADE fl Parry] G Moore 8-11 .. 

Pn4* ta « »fa i n UrrImi g_| | 


P Seddon) HE Peacock 8-11 
G IC Gtrorta) M BrUain 8-1 1 

22 PfKXNGWUS LAW (MNOrmWwJanns 8-11 

28 SAUMJEHS LASS (C Scott] B Haidar 8-11 

29 4 SHUTTLECOCK GML (H Stodonea) W Janie 8-11 

31 4 STARCH BROOK (Mra 6 Gtttrrs) R HoRnahoad 8-11 SPatkaS 

32 0 TANGALOOMArV Ratal) LnggottB-I1 Ptd Eddery 1 

33 0 THATS MOTORMG (MoWraurtra Totford Ltd) B Pracas 8-1 1 . S KaJjpfley 7 
9-4 Tanga looma, 5-2 Madrrfoa. 9-2 Bundukeya, 8-1 Starch Brook, 10-1 

Shuttlecock GMV 12-1 Kate's hnaga 14-1 others. 

HiNDUKEYA (8-11) 1KI 3rd of 12 to Nutwood Ll (5-11) at Ripon (51, £1720. soft, 
Ftprzoi. KALA*S MAGE fT-13) II 3rd to Skigatg Steven (8-Q hero (5L^22. good to soft. 
May 1 1 1 5 ran). MARUIBA Ifi^l 1) Kl 2nd to Oarefflte (8-11)81 Kampton (Si. E2455. good 
to ttrm. May 3, 10 ran). SHUTTLECOCK 000.(8-11) 10Mthc4 6toSaxonSiar(8-il)S 

Sandown(af.C2^70.sott Apr 15L STARCH BTOOK (8-1 l)4VM4ttt o(B to Asaori Lass (5- 
11) Iwre (81. £822. soft, tar 14). TANGALOOMA (B-1i) 3rd bin 65tl by Sumter Sky (8- 
I 1 ) a t Watwck .046/ Brin. May 5. Brat). 1 

Wolverhampton selections 

By Mandarin 

115 Marimba. 2.45 Regal Capistrano. 3.15 Talk Of dory. 3.45 
Riyda. 4.15 Bishafa. 4.45 Foxy Prince. 5.15 Herminda. 

By Our Newmarkei Correspondent 

2.15 Bundukeya. 2.45 RtaaJ Capistrano. 3.15 Sambaan. 3.45 
lacqueue. 4.15 Bishah. 4.45 AgaxhtsL 5.15 Lalesvon. 

By Michael Seely 

3.15 Talk Of Glory. 4.45 Foxy Prince. 5.15 JIANNA (nap). 

f 101 a I jf n Ai Hn nt^n This new combination should 
Unhydrock did noi do at all weI] but , am ^ |ed 1o 

b^ily al Haydock 15 days ago ^^ cvc ^ jjjey may not beai 
when he look on ihe cracks m from Henry Cecil’s 

the valuable 5 wtn ton insurance ”^ful yard. Beaten only half 
Brokers Hurdle. a lengih, and somewhat unluck- 

Adopnng his ^u^front- f, he r only race as a iwo- 
ninning rote^ Lanhydrock led Goodwood, Bishah 

Them a merry dance until be , ike a cenain fu^ 

ured after jumping the second 
last. Much earlier in ihe season w,nner - 

he had proved impossible to Finally. Mirinn s good run 
catch al both Chepstow and at Kcmpton against the more 
Worcester and I think that experienced Clarentia could 
might well prove to be the case lum out to be the key to the 
again today around Newton White Ladies Maiden Fillies 
Abbot's sharp left-handed track. Slakes rather than Bundukcya’s 
Al Wolverhampton, today's close third behind Nutwood Lil 
Flat meeting, some choicely' at Ripon. 

345 THREE SISTERS FILLIES STAKES (Div 1: 3 -Y-O: £2,166: 1m 3f) 

2 1 RIYDA(HH taa Khan) R Johrtsofi Houghton 84 WR S»*tbvyn 3 

4 0 AJRCHAF7JE JUSAHH Kaskett 6 Hfls 8-^ BTlwraranZ 

5 0 ALCffiA (OERlfA Itov ^sl C Au8»l 8-* 

8 000400- BAYOONOU^ (A Retails) D Hanley 84 SW Mtawrtb l 

15 0400-30 HW«ST NOTH (Mrs B Bfum) Q Bun 84 

16 0 JACOUETTEW^(MraJPWtes)ODoue6W 

17 0- KEB»»Ki^lJOu1W)GHutt0fB4 — 

18 40000-0 LA CHULA |P Mafcda) M McCotmack 84 

19 0 LEAHDarS PEARL (KRoOefS)J Old 84 II Ft y 10 

23 0 OURNOORA(SJie*hMo1iairitT«iflFDiFT84 HCodvauc 11 

27 08 TOP SHOT (E Motor] G WWgg 84 PaAEMetfA 

11-10 Riyda, 11-4 Top Shot, 10030 Jacqueta. 10-1 Aircrsftto. 14-1 Our Noara. 20- 

FORM: RIYDA (8-1 1) beat tyamski «-11) 1 ’41 at Vt awk* (1m. £718. firm. May 5. 14 rari^ 
OUR NOORA (8-11) was IQtft. HMMEST NOTE 9ttt test Pro. proVKXiSly (8-811 2L3rd ol 6 
to Hidden Bnel (8-10) ai Lacostaf (Im. £2276. soft. Mar 25). JACOUETTE (8-2) 6 W 5ftt 

ri 17 to Gtow*^ Promta (8^ w RaOcar (im a. £751 . good. May 8J. TOP S«TM- 1 1) 
evrieei to Mount Marttta (S-ll)at Goodwood (71, £984, good 10 firm. Sept 30. 14 ran). 
Selection: RIYDA 

4.15 THREE SISTERS FILUES STAKES (Div Ik 3-Y-O: £2,148: 1m 31) 

1 010-3 MYSTERIOUS DANCBI (U8AXC) (Princess L Ruspot) I BrtSno 

8-7 Pet Eddery 9 

6 00 AUNT ETTY (Mss W Hants) J Franoonw 84 T Ires 4 

9 2- BlSHAH(liSA)rPnnceAFiNn4)HCfldl84 WRyanS 

11 00- DESERTED tUSAI fW Qu Ptxn (id G PttWvaro-Gordon 84 .. . QDuttte«8 

12 043- ELVIRE (USA) (Mrs P Meynet] S Meter 84 - R Fo« 3 

20 004- MEGAN’S MOVE |R BQotq J Jeflwson 84 AShwMa(5)2 

22 000- MOaOYBMT(FA44utB W a)FDurr84 G French 7 

25 03 RED SHOES (The Queen) WHwn 84_. WCareonlO 

2 1 RIYDA (H H Aga Khan) R Johnson Houghton 

4 0 AVtCHAFTtE (ISA) (H Kaskatt B Hfis 84 

5 0 ALCSA (QER)(j RcSente) C Austin 84 

8 000400- BA YOON Ourai (A Hictads) 0 Hartley 84 — 

15 040030 HKMEST NOTE (Mrs B Btont) G Bhim 84 

16 0 JACOUETTE (USA) (kVs J 0 DoueO 84 

17 0- KEB* 1KWNG p OriW) G Huttar 84 — ■ 

18 400004 LA CHULA (P Mokefla) M McCormack 84 — 

19 0 LEAMDER’S PEARL (K RoOerts) J Old 84 

23 0 OUR N00RA(She«i Mohammad) F Durr 84 

27 OO TOP SHOT (E Moier) G WMgg 8-4 

5 posthole Ltd] P Kaflaway 84 P Cook 8 

d HarengtonJ J Hndlay 84 M MBs 1 

6 00 AUCT ETTY (Mss W Hants) J Francome 84 T Ires 4 

9 2- BlSHAH (USA) (Prnico A FalraJ) H Coal M W Rywi 5 


12 043- ELVIRE (USA) (Mra P Meynet) S Meter 84 - R Fox 3 

20 004- MEGAN'S MOVE |R Sion) J Jeflwson 84 AShwMa(5)2 

22 000- MOODYBRITIF fOMunwa) F Durr 84 G French 7 

25 0-3 REDSHQESfTheOlJBon) W Hern 84_. WCareonlO 

28 0-30 R0SINOA (Ht) (HaCdvola Ltd] P Kaflaway 84 P Cook 6 

28 0 TQBREYA (Lord HamngtonJ J Htodtoy 84 M MBs 1 

154 Bfanah. 5-2 Fled Shoes. 3-1 Mysterious Dancer. 7-1 Roa Noe, 12-1 Deseried, 
14-1 o flie re. ’ 

FORM; MYSTERIOUS DANCER 101 3rd df 4 (9-6) to Sue Grundy 19-61 this season, last 
year. (8-11) beat Nose Gay (8-11 y linl here lira 11. £1164, good to tore. Ora 8. 20 ram. 
PESEKTB3 (8 -1H_ was 9tti. BISHAH (8-11) 1/2L 2nd to Mount Martha (8-11) al 
Goodwood (71. £884. apod to firm. Seal 30. <4 ran). RED SHOES (8-1 1)51 3rd Ot 14 to 
KHoola Wynn (8-11) atBafetwry Mm 4^1334. soft. May 7. 14 ran). AUNT ETTY (8-1 !] 
was another 121 badt In 6th and TORREYA (8-1 1) further 91 aifcift In 8th. ROSI noa 8'4i 

SetMtfW BfSHAH ^ 

445 BROSELEY MAIDEN STAKES (3-Y-O: £822: 1m 6f 110yd) (16) 

2.45 GRAND UNION SELLING HANDICAP (£966: 1m 4f) (18) 

2 0400-00 OENBOVM Coles) B Stevens 4-94 RC 

5 2040-20 REGAL CAPISTRANO (G Maynard) M Prescott 4-9-8 G 

8 00300-3 TRACK MARSHALL (JOureq JO 0maa444S J At 

2 040040 OENBOYM Coles) BStorans 444 

5 2040-20 REGAL CAPISTRANO (G Maynard) M Presco 
8 00300-3 TRACK MARSHALL (JOareq JO Owns 44- 

7 0000-80 GAMBART ®) (M Jaw) B Swrens 44-5 

8 002420 Oir A CAffi) (A Parun)BPreaoa 444 

11 000040- CHORE U Chnstmas) R Hoad 443 

2 000 WVWBNGSTAR (Mrs J BaSey) A Badny 544. 

13 000000- EU R O PM NT fcH 
15 000040 CLEUDO(m(& 
IB 200042 VBgAOMGlB 

R Carter (5)1 

Prescott 444_ G DuttMd 8 

*b 4-9-6 J Adams (7)4 

4 —17 

84 S KaigMey 7 

— — B Roes* 12 

y 544 PBiooariMd3 

1 0 A0YDOS {SJh 

2 004 AG ATH1ST P 

3 0-20 DEHBQtDAI 



6 84 G000TME I 

7 02-3003 HOT RULER 

9 2030-33 MOUNT 

Promotions) R Whitaker 44-13 KBmMnplB 
i Larery) M James 5-8-13 Sharran Jamas 15 

18 000)040 RECORD RED JE AUscvp) J 

19 00/0004 PR0M8TTI0N BOYlRCarr) 

20 040000 TARA DANCBIIS Steed) K 

s Larery) M James 54-13 
Brook) S Norton 4-8-12..— 
mer) D Haydn Jones 444. 

Moharaned) W Jams 94 B Rouse 4 

(W Du Read M) G Pntchard-Gordan 9-0 G DuttMd 3 

fawtan) R HoNnstwad 90 3 Parks 2 

(K AtxUB) F Dwt 94 G French 8 

SA) (Princess LRuspoS) I Baking 90 PatEddera12 

. (Mre G Brantmanjj rtndtey 90 ; MHMslB 

Bnttain)M Sntain 94 KDarfayS 

[K AbdidalG Harwood 94 — G Srarttev 1 

ILUON (BF) (P Straud) K Brassey 94. SWhrtworth ID 

L (A Steadman] C Nelson 90...._ — J Reid 13 

■ (USA) (F Ramos) S Norton 94— J Lowe 8 

Col RRigganj Shew 8-11 — MGrinl4 

Ire VPncwGPHaB 8-11 — J Wfltonra 15 

; B Ward) JL Herns 8-11 ONrctioAs 7 

dC<Mwad4GBaiamg8-l1_.: R Wearer ll 

HTS(GTeo)H Candy 8-11 RCww9 

oo1m;;i) Jttndtey 94 


i)G Harwood 94 

F) (P Straud) K Brassey 94~ 

J Lowe 5 

J Reid 11 

— 19 

C Drew 13 

— DMcNoOs9 

— MHMslB 
R None (5) 14 

10 04D MUSC MMST1EL (A Stoadmaii)C Nelson 94._.._ — JRek!l3 

12 0040 SHAKE THE KMG (USM (F Ramos) S Norton 94 J Lowe 6 


14 40S0 CELT IC OOY e (Mrs Y P fSiG ftkaa 8-11 — -_J WaamalS 

18 0004 MISS BET& (Mrs B Ward) JL Herns 8-11 OMcftaBaT 

19 ' 0004 M0UKau]^ClMwad4GBaiam8-11_.: RWaarerll 

20 900004 PHEASANT (BGHTS (G Too) H Candy 8-11 RCurM9 

7-2 Goodtene Hal. 9-2 Foxy Prtnca, 8-1 Ighiham. 7-1 Maud SraaehaWon. 8-1 

Oenberdar. 10-1 Pheasant Hergns 8 CeMlc Dora. 12-1 Agathnt, 14-1 Carat Rular, 16-1 

20 040000 TARA DANCB1 (p Stead) K Stone 348 ! CDwrer13 

21 000400 SHERPAMAN p Ctapnnh) D Chapman 44-6 0KcMte9 

23 OORJ/OO Kra£Y LOUKE (Mrs H CcSis) CWUman 5-84 MHMslB 

25 0004 ASHRAFOKenw)D ODWTOl 3-74 : — D McKay T6 

Z7 0000-20 'M.TOWIiLAD (5 Bkkfiq) H Beasley 3-7-7 H Morse (5) 14 

5-2 Verbadfog, 3-1 Regal Cmtotrana 4-1 Track Marshal. 7-1 Cut A Caper, 8-1 
Denboy. 10-1 Swnetaroker. 12-1 Record Fled, 14-1 others. 

FORM; REGAL CAPISTRANO, 7th last tern; pmkwsty (94) %\ 2nd 0« 10 10 
knpeomtosrty (90) In Hamiton rmfo (ini 3f. £11 10. soft. Apr % TRACK MARSHALL (9 
1)Sl3rd to Candauies (84) at Brighton (Tm2f, £1.019. goodtosoft. Apr 28. 21 ran)«dtti 
GAMBART (96) out ol Ursi 9. COT A CAPER behnd teat IkwpreNousIr (9-7) II Mid of 
12toB c Vic lww>(1ni. £758. soft. Apr 14) with STOmHOKER (913) a nother IHIbadt 
in 4th. VBSAOMG (912) 511 2nd to UWng Lad (91) at Pontefract (1 m 21, £872. soft. May 
12, 12ranlwith PROHIBfTION BOY (91J*ws3Wfurther back m 5th and TARA DANCER 
(97) 7th. JULTOWN LAO, 9th las! tree, previously (913) Tf 2nd to Cheptewted (913) *1 
Warwick (7f. £589. soft, tar 1 . 7 ran) wnOi ASHRAF (912) 181 luntw back in 5th. 
3.15 TELFORD HANDICAP (£2,144: 1m If) (24) 

i vst PBtoo,rftak, ’ fl 

■ 9911 CaBwrka9McMand(7)7 

■ v^ vautmiv-vi} Honwwy i im at, x i409, soft. Apr lay. uknbbhimvh, am ran ome. ore* 
^ 10 S»fc P4) at Hayd«* (tm 21 131yds, £2880, soft Mar 29), 
roxirPfWt^ (90) never r wanarSlh. beaten IB betwd Paean (90) at Nawbray ilrnSl. 
E3323 -. sott, ^ 1 &. 14r8 'y ®XXTTTMEHAL(94)7li |4 thtoFV«a»rslOfi(9-0)atDon- 
canar(1m 4f. £1133. good to sofL MayS, 15 ran). MOUNT SCHIEHALUON (9-0) 1213rd 
OJfltoCoraittosa Oountssa (8-11) id Thrrsk (fin. £1232. soft. Apr 25). PHEASANT 
HEQHTS {8-1 1 ) was another 1 Ml beck in 4th, end SHAKE THE KMG (90) 7th. 

5.15 I TONBRIDGE HANDICAP (3-Y-O: £1,875: 51) (20) 

1 414010 SEW HGHfDKR ThonMOB McMahon 97 JMs (5) 11 

2 000-38 TAMALPAIS (b Watts) H CoBngndoe 93 MRtemart9 

3 134444 ALEXANJO (D) (Anglo Enterprises S A) A Jams 94 DMcnotbS 

4 0244 HERMtmA Wks A Kdd) N Vcore 94 S Daxreqc (3) 12 

5 104092 lAl£STONp)(K Mercer) GHulter 912 M MMer8 

8 004400 GLEA0H1LL PARK (m (f Heremros) K Brassey 9l1 SWIttaortill 

" 0044 ANOTHEH WESTERN (C Southgate) PCunttol 84 P Cote 3 

0408 LA MALMAISON (R Lewis) R Hannon 910 RFosM 

10 144040 CHOfBSTBIS DREAM (B) (D) (Mrs A Lodge) J Perrett 99 N Moure 20 

11 004004 JMNNA (E HoMng) G LatnS 97 M L Thcmaa 4 

12 030040 PERClriO (MjW Patterson) K luray 97 W Woods (3) 1 

13 0040 SEQUESTRATION (A RtehafdB! C Mister 8-6 — G Baxter 7 

14 440043 LEFT RIGHT (B) (Mrs P Coney) Mrs N Macauty 95— Gay KaBevray (S) 17 

16 009 GERSHWIN (Mra E 0 Dorew*) 0 (TDonnel 93 ACbrk2 

18 04009 MY MUTZE (V Searle) B Stswrn 84 — R Carter (5) 6 

19 B00404 AHOENT PARTNER (H Dead) fl Hokier 82 A Prood 9 

20 000-300 MERCM GOLD K Dmiry) 0 Mcraan 8-2 BCroutey 15 

21 244W4 MISTER MARCH (T BtakaiR foiBtaison 7-13 M Roberts 10 

22 0004 COMMANDER MEADBI IB Maadeni D CDanneR 7-13 — NON-RUNNER 16 

23 000040 LA MANGA PRMCE (Mra M HSban) K Slone 7-10 LCtamraklS 

81 LafoBtoa 81 Herminda. 7-1 Sew High. 81 Alexanto. 91 Perdpio. Left Right. 

191 Tamaipats. Choristers Dream, 181 Anotoer Western. Motor March, 14-1 others. 

l S 4J ^f h “*■" *"9 Previously 

«GH l^^»«PS^WmPMd}r(913) 31 at Threk ffit. £2444. good to soft. 

LALE5T0N (3-^2^ I 2nd to Rotherfietd 

Bglh(», £1502, 3011 Oct 7). J1AHNA out ol first IDthts ceason. m 1985 was 3^1 4th 18- 
11) M.Care tes Wtreoar (811) a LingfieM (5f. £95& firm. Sept 1 7, 9 ran). ' 

™CWfl HtHMEwU 

• John Leech, aged 18. kept up the family racing tradition when 
landing his second winner on Rotherfield Greys in the Leith Races 
Apprentice Handicap at Edinburgh yesterday. John's father. Harry, 
worked as head lad ai Gavin Hunter's yard and his mother Dorothy 
is an amateur rider. He rode a confident race on Rotherfield Greys, 
always keeping him up with the leaders before taking a definite 
advantage from halfway. “I*ve had five rides altogether, and have 
now won twice on Rotherfield Greys,” Leech said. 

PBkwmfMd TO 

1 414410 SEW tKHJtUfR ThorrtiB) E 

2 00938 TAMALPAIS (D Watts) H CM 

3 134444 ALEXANJ0 (D) (AnNo Enterj: 

4 0244 HERM1N0A [Bs A KsW) N V 

5 104092 LALEST0N(b)(K Marcw) G 

6 004400 GLEAOHILL PARK (Q(f Her 


9400 LA MALMAISON (fl Lewis) R 

10 144900 CHOHSTBS DREAM (B)(0) 

11 004004 JMNNA (E taking) G LemS I 

12 030040 PERCIPIO (B) (W Patason) f 

4 1943M BWANAKAU (RUBES) MTompkms 444 RCadrene2 

5 140492 SPANBH RES. (S Dimes) J Ettewds 4-9-3 B Thompson 9 

6 120009 OPEN AIL HOURS (Bntafrtc Srtajtig) A PM 44-1 B Rome 4 

B 002003- RP-TAP (J VMieriofce) A Htee *4-0 GSttrteyS 

10 40(0040 KAVAKA (J Hcxgan) R Haonon 44-13 RFo*5 

12 °tt9003 PEAHDAY |B Boardman)H Beasley 5913 R Morse (5)3 

14 -2525? TAIXff apRY <E Qadsdw) LGo^ 54-12 _._G Boater 6 


17 004924 SAMHAAN (R(P Zanawfl B Hanbwy 4-84 PUEddoiy 21 

« OQOW9 AMWS AltoU; [Mra A OtK«)P Frigate 444 Gay Kaflewsy (5) 20 

19 000040 G00LDR0 (Mss S Metor) T Tayter 896_I 1 _ G DuMHd IE 

20 0002-40 QUALITY CHORISTER (D) (G Smpsai] G Moore 598 DMcMtelO 

21 40244 W5SAPa(RGntthhteFYaraiey4-95 iJohnaoaU 

22 230040 JENNY WYliKJUdy H Sl George] J Francome 544 MW* 23 

S 0 WMires(7)24 

2 22““: TSMBams it 

n 000004 LUCKSMIMCtemencojp Hams 4-7-1 3 A Starts (S) 14 

29 010009 ABJA0 (G A Farnoon) R woodtause 5-7-13 . J I mre 17 

30 2034010 TEEJAY (D WaktRM) P Be*sn 7-7-11 — 22 

31 QW040 CWHNKQRWrs K J**soP) M James 87-1 1 M fry 15 

33 400440 MESTA SPOOF (P Renetl) J PWretr 4-7-10 N Horn 12 

11-4 Spam^l Reel 7-2 Tafc Ol Gfory. 91 Samhaan. 13-2 Star o* Intend, 81 
bsnetey. 191 Bwana KaB. 12-1 GoOonl. 181 Gibbous Moon. 181 others. 

— RCocfreneS 
_B Thompson 9 

B House 4 

G Starkey 8 

R Fra 5 

— R Moree (5)3 
Q Baxter 6 

GRSB0US MOON U htoreton) D M-SmOi 54-12 SWMworthll 

LOTUS PHMCESSlMiss S Emns) K Mndgiretof 54-10 C Ruder (S) 1 

SAHHAAN (B) (0 Zawaxa) B Manbury4-99 PUEddoiy 21 

0040 PERCIPIO (B»(W Patterson) K r«xy 87 

._ 0940 JEQUESTRATION (A RktaftiS) C Auste 8-6 

14 440043 LEFT RIGHT (B) (Mre P Coney) Mre N Uacautey 96— Gay 

16 009 GERSHWIN (Mrs E O Doone*) D O'Donnel 8-3 

‘ 04009 MY MUTZE (V Searle) B Stevens 8-3 — 

0404 AH0ENT PARTNER (H Dead) R Hokier 82 

33 400440 MSTA SPOOF (P Perrett) J Perrett 4-7-10 N Howe 12 

11-4 Spam^l Reel 7-2 Tafc Ol Gfory. 91 Samftaan. 182 Star o* Intend, 81 
Fasnday. 181 Bwana KaB. 12-1 GoOcnf. 14-1 Gibbous Moon, 181 others. 

■FORM: SPANISH REEL (9-9) 31 2nd to Monctere Trophy (8-® at Warwick (1m 2f 170yd, 
^40, ftrm. May 5. 17 ran) with MtSS APEX (80 another 4*1 beck in Uh and STAR OF 
IRELAND (91 1) out ol krai 9. Previously STAR OF RaJUO (92) bBU Moon Jester (7- 
12] 41 a! Bath (ire 41, £2897, good. Apr 29. 19 ran), peanoay (94) (aa-ftriiteMto 3nl, 
beaan 1 5.L w Smgte (912) atSoubray (7f. £2914. soft. May B. 19 rsrOwith KAVAKA (9 
8) another HU back m 6(fL promoted to 5th. TALK OF GLORY (92) fi 2nd Ol 18 to Oe 
Riguera (9 \2\ « SaHtwcy (1m. £2885. soft. May 7). 6AMHAAM, 4th last ttme 

(910) 41 2nd oM8 to Baney Bte (9Q at TNrak (1m. D091. soft, Apr 15) wl .. 

KAU (97) another 3*1 back m 60,. Eartter BWANA KALI 0-10) 2K1 3rd to Tuftwy (98) 
a Ttarsk |lm, £2686. soft Apr 18. 12 ran). 



Going: good to soft 

2m 5f) (9 runners) 


3 2100 RRE DRILL (80) KBfStiop 11-11-3. 

4 0U2F COLO WINTERS N Gos^se 1911-3 P Scudamore 

6 2031 LE00EGRANCE (USA) L Kemurd 

19197 (BerlBPowaa 

7 2440 ATATAH0 J Roberts 19190_ R MMmre 

9 3 0P7 LOUJPOPMAN J Old 19104 MrCLte*re9re(7) 

10 4203 T UDOR ROM) L Kewarp n-190 DMusttnm 

11 0000 RETSEUBCPaahem 7-190 — 

12 4004 MAGGE DEER Frost 9104 J Frost 

94 W S« Times. 7-2 Atataho, Leodegrance. 81 fire ML 

191 Lotepopman. 12-1 Cold Winters. Tudor Road. 14-1 RetseL 

2m 150yd) (14) 

1 04F3 BALLY C00ER Hodges 7-11-12 SMcNsH 

5 PUPS CUDDLY BEAR (HZ) ft Ayttte 811-12 MAyHIe 

SPfW DICKIE BOW LWamg 81 1-12 CGray 

7 4233 FWAL CLEAR J CM B-11-12 Mr C U e w sta Tn) 

B4U3F LAHACRE BADGE (B) P Hobos 911-12- PNUplfabba 

9 0P42 NEW SONG M Obwr 7-11-12 — . — ROumoody 

10 PfTBEG J Taptei 811-12 Mr R TMoggw (41 

11 OFW POUTBUHOOISA) J Bnogar 811-12 GMotm 

t? 094 ROSEBERGEji L CatfeBB-11-12 GteugeKnMtt 

13 /R» SAMALAJA J Baker 811-12 B Wright 

19 F380 GRAFT AN MAtSET J Bosley 7-11-7 MBoateym 

70 PAPS MSS TULLULAH (B) 8 Toreay Vl W HFem 

71 4023 TULLA «ULS L Kaonart 7-1 f-7 BPDWtel 

23 0FP4 WEYMOUTH BAY M Coombs 811-4 _ Mr T Httchstt (7) 

7-2 New Song, 4-1 Fm»l Oar. 92 Tufla H4&. 81 Bafly 
Coda. 7-i Miss TiAuiah, 8i Lanocre Bridge. 181 Weymouth 
Etey. 12-1 others. 

150yd) (16) 

f tan FOXTS CASTLE (8) K Dun 6-11-7 R Strangs 

3 1020 BflUMKAN BREEZE (C-0)R Juries 5-1 14 GWHaas 

4 PO CULM SOVEREIGN C Down 81 14-..- Mr COown (7) 

7 0300 GREY TORNADO TKaenor 5-114 CGray 

9 KING UNIVERSE WFMter 5-114 K Mooney 


5-1 14 Mi P Mann (4) 

15 00 TORY HAL LAD J Fox 8114 — S Moore 

16 POOP WMBLEBALLJ Payne 8114 C Brown 

17 P WWTS? WEATHER 0 Carter 91 1-0 — 

18 0221 ROYAL SHOE U Pipe 81911 — PScuteatote 

20 8PP CMEVTTW0WG Turner 8199 Jetsta(7) 

21 OOP3 C0WRBX3E G Dtsdge 9199 G Knjgtd 

27 7 LADY OF EGREM0NT N Kemfck 8104. M Yeoman (7) 

29 040 MISS BURGUNDY I Warrie 8199 KTownendm 

38 P004 nSGRAVE DEVIL KBoitep 4-194 BPmel 

37 04111 REDGRAVE GIRL K Betwp 4-10-1 — S Eerie (4) 

5-4 Royal Shoe. 92 Reflgruw Get. 81 Brandean Breeze. 
8i Foxe s Castle, 181 Redgrave OeteL i3-l others. 

HURDLE (£645: 2m 150yd) (13) 

2 400 DISCOVER GOLD RJuekes 811-7 TPtofirid 

3 0000 FLEET BAY Mrs JWOmacott 81 V5 D Woonecos 

5 DP00 SHIRLEY CREPELLA J Bntigar 8Jl-4„__ p Coniotm 

6 904 NORTHERN HALO A ChanAertam 911-4 __ C Dsn 

— cb ™ 

81 1 -iSamanlhe Domter 

13 00M THE BRUM Poe 81912 JLtaer 

14 444 JUST BEAU Jfeadtey, 81812 9 

15 0TOB SEASONED EMBEH fe) J Bradey 910-12 ... 

16 OOPO CLEVER ANGLE (B)BForaay 81812 RGueet 

17 2230 UNGFC-D LADY W Kemp 4-1812 GNomn 

1SPPW CAER IflUHGLE D Wtette 910-12 RByme 1 

19 POOD CONOR’S ROCK DR Tucker 81812 RSpwks 

7-2 Northern Halo. 4-1 tjnajlBM Lady. 92 Wye Pcxx Vrvre. 

Newton Abbot selections 

By Mandarin 

2.0 LEODEGRANCE (nap). 2.30 New Song. 3.0 
Brundean Breeze. 3.30 Vivre Pour Vivre. 4.0 
Culm PorL 4.30 Lanhydrock. 

(£3,125: 3m 2f 100yd) (11) 

3 422 0TTERY NEWS 0 Carter 13-11-7 PSeodamere 

5 4R12 BKXUQGH BRIDGE J Roberts 

_ 191 1-4 (Tax) W Km (A 

6 3F43 MISTB? DONUT ESwefM 81 1-1 Mr L Harvey (7) 

9 811 CULM PORT (C4JG Down 1 

12-199 (7«|Mtes V Wtetems 

10 2013 EASIBI CARNIVAL (G4KBF1K Bishop 

18197 P Richards 

11 4082 GLEN ROVER A Tumet 7-104 SKregM 

12 0P00 NORTH LANE K BBhop 8104^— BPtMd 

13PPP0 MONKTON HttL P Pufosw 7-104 R Oummdy ; 

I4P0FP CROZMUDGE R E James i i-iO-O MrP MacEmn(7) 

15 0300 ffiEYTARQUMJBrfonef 14-IQ4 G Moore 

16 mp PRMCE SISKINS F Gorman 11-104 MRichaids 

82Eastet CarntvaL 7-2 BWoeign Bridge. Dnmy News. 

(£2^51: 2m 150yd) (13) 

1 1140 LANHYDROCK 0 Sherwood 9124 CCraHj 

4 0022 SUTLERS PETJC^T H*&m 7-1 1-7 PRictaSi 

5 2230 PANTO PRMCEJG^LKennartt 9114 BPowl 

8 0m CRADLE OF JAZZ (USA) J Old 81812 ..... G Bradey 
9.3310 LECnORIUSAlfC-OIOEtaorth 81811- S Sherwood 

10 0244 SEA PENNANT I R Jones 18189 C Evens (7) 

13 2000 STARS AIR) STIWes R Frost 7-188 J Frost 

,14 0004 WMAHT R Hones 8185 S Eerie 

15 3003 PLAZA TORO WG Turner 7-183 — Tracy Twit* 

18 P40 MAURICE'S Tip WG Tumor 7-183 Jaaalca Tuner 

TBJ820 ITM FOR GALA GKktdBratey 9104 PCwrigu 

220 OOOff ISOM DART (USA)(C-D) T Hatett 

7.K Lrtg»n M iw m « n,»raw r7] 

224 OOPP MARCH FANDANGO (B)(C-0) A SteCh 7-1 04 GDevtes 
74 Butters Pat 4-1 CraifleOf Jaz*. 4 Lector, 

Outsiders foil 

Two 33-1 chances fought oul 
the finish of ihe EBF Penkridge 
Maiden Slakes at Wolver- 
hampton yesierdav. wiih Hard 
Act landing the prize by half a 
length from $tc!by. Another 
outsider. Haiiev's Run. finished 
third at 25-1. 

Timeswjich again proved an 
expensive failure. A hot 
favourite when beaten at Wind- 
sor last Monday, the New- 
market colt was ihe market 
choice once more at 13-8 but 
was beaten for fourth place by 
the newcomer. Dominion 

Hard Act provided Richard 
Hannon, the Marlborough 
trainer, with his fourteenth win- 
ner of the season. Hannon’s 
travelling head lad, Taffy Wil- 
liams, said: “This was a sur- 
prise, although earlier in the 
year wc thought he might prove 
our best two-year-old. The going 
here was so much better than at 
Salisbury where Hard Act got 
bogged down in the mud." 

Course specialists 


TRAINERS: H Cecil. 14 wiflitors from 43 
nann AMc G Laws. 8 from 21. 
38.1V W Hem. B from 10, 44 a. 
JOCKEYS: w Carson. 1 8 winners from 88 
rifles. 20.3V P Cook. 18 from 89. is3w 
J Lowe. 8 from 48. 18.7%, 


TRAINED: J Fto. ID wmnerg from 38 
•raws. 283V . D Efcwonh. 15 from 59. 
K4VM Ptoe. M from 183. 19.i“v. 

Bnwm 19 winners from 117 
rtd«. 162%; P Richarda. 12 from 100, 
12.0V J FrosL 10 from 130. 7.7V 

Blinkered first time 

WOLVERHAMPTON; &15 Bwana Kak. 


* * u V * A 




P Owner of 

* Guineas 


Mr John,, has appealed against 
the decision of the Curraah 

• stewards to take no action 
against the winner. Flash Of 
Sled. The appeal will be heanl 

OTPtid^ the registry oflSce of 

the Turf Club. 

Mr John, beaten thiee-quar- 
uers ofa length, 6u®*red interfer- 1 
. ^nce in the closing stages when ' 

the winner veered off a true line 

The Curragh stewards took the 

view that the result bad not been 

affected but cautioned the win- 
ning jockey. Michael Kinane, 
for making inadequate effort to 
keep his mount on a straight 

Liam Browne, trainer of Mr 
John, admitted that Flash Of 
■ Steel won on merit, bat pointed 
out that the Dennot We Id- 
trained colt had broken the rules 

and might well have been 
disqualified by the stewards in 
other countries. 

. Premier Role 
t may head 
> for Ascot 

Premier Role (Maurice 
,r-. Philipperon) delivered a strong 
final- furlong challenge to get the 
better of Balilou (Eric Legrix) in 
■ h the group three Prix Jean de 
Chaudenay at Samt-Cloud 
° yesterday. 

The winner will run next m 
'■■®s the Grand Prix tTEvry or the 
' v Hardwicke Stakes at Royal As- 
cot while Balilou, who delighted 
his trainer, Patrick Btaname. 
will be aimed at the Ascot Gold 
Cup. m which he finished sixth 
two years ago. 

Edinburgh results 



§ am P’ betweentwostools- Prabhakar 
store, drew with the Indians. was immediately rough* at 

***£ slip, unable to deal with 
rap^mMufecumedaraod the only ball all day to lift 
jmish to this match yesterday. from a slow pitch. Lamba was 

111 Oil S Still Clinch inn m.inU. L.U.J i^ S h!i caught behind driving, and 

^eemage led Hampshire’s Amamalh and Azharnddm 

s “ ^ 

pi mutes and 20 overs. Once Armamath made only one 
out » bowver, the scoring stroke in a 50-minute . 

WQoin$p good to Am 

. • 240 on 1. ROTHBtnBLD GREYS (J 

- Leech, 54 tout 2. Uptown QU p McGW; 

*■ 13 , UnT DaWWn (J Qum. 13 - 2 ). 
' ALSO RAM; 0 Tradesmen. 10 Rambling 
fewr. 12 Pargoda <5thL 14 ApinxMac 
' rail). 16 Btoddtam Stator. 20 Last 
-• Wet. 33 Frandto MS*. Tow’s Baa 
• Cdwoy Ratfal (4th). Cufttunato, MarataS 
OiOs. 14 nm. a. 51. sh-hd. nk. sfihd. C A 

!SS? JSS 1 *** went to the other extreme. He 

Sh a ^!« ? p S^45 nd Mam for one 

must have left for Canterbury six and generally applied a 

mJSk* for t0n3onr0WS spur before he gave the krft- 
mateh y th Kent. _ aim spinner alow return catch 

and Tfeny Imd a in the last over before lunch, 
good foundation for Hamp- After the interval, 
store with an opening stand of Gavaskar, tuning up, perhaps, 
1_4, which gradually in- for today's Sport Aidouttcfr! 
creased m tempo. Terry was hit Mara for two straight sixes 
out to a well-judged catch by hi an over before he was 
Dev on the long-off caught at long-oiLAzhaniddio 
311(1 ^.succeeded took one six against Cowley, 
by Nicholas, who i hammered but neither he nor Kapil 
30 m 25 balls before he was showed the urgency needed, if 
stumped. the Indians were to leave 

Hampshire had needed 153 themselves time to bowl out 
from the last 20 overs, and as Hampshire, 
long as Greenidae remained. 

JMW SSS,5S*nSSr » 

Greenidge looked ominously seoondtraings 

assured. He drove and pulled ■“,§ 

pugnaciously, and three times m Amamath cCL^nSnatem —2 

hit fours off Marauder Singh ® 

with delicate reverse sweeps. I m S^cqSS^^oSS^: is 

At 1 79, though, he chopped a ’’ife g Ota waout _ io 

ball into his stumps with ‘ ■ = £ 

Hampshire needing 100 from RMHHnr»HSY«iw.twimMo™md 
12 overs. MwintarSnflhcfldnotML 

; $£ * 

r &£• : 3$Y' *> ■ 

i X:. ..tyy f A r; 

. . >, ' - 

• ■ * * ; n 

— ■* V ">• . r 

. - . V. 

... ' 

L ^ v ' w't - _ * . 

_ A- ^ 1, 


'VV-’-Au-V .. 

<vi- v.v ’-f 1 -r- • 

297 lor 6 doe 

Sood« 1 Innings 
M Prabhakar c R A Smith bAndoiv _ 0 

R Lamoa c Parks bS»or 12 

M AmtnmhcCLSmfthbradKHu 2- _ « 

SM Padlc and bltero 30 

S M Gavaskar c Graonidgo b Gonrtw . 15 

"Kim* Dov notout - — 10 

BrtrasObai*^- 8 

TWalp WktsdSCi ! 132 

R M H EHnrK H S YUK t«fm Mora md 
Manmder antfuSd not btt. 

Ramring into form: Azharnddin during his 55 not out for the Indians at Southampton yesterday (Photograph: Chris Cole) 

Middlesex fast bowlers clean up 

By Peter Marson 

Robin Smith hit Maninder ^OFwcwnsiM.^Ma+m. 

£2.10. OF; 

1 51. sithd. nk. fltUKL C A 
}. Tote: £340; £200. 

40. CSF: £11.10. Tlfcast 

for a six - over the bowler’s 
head, but when be square- 
drove a catch to deep back- 
ward point, the initiative 

swung to the Indians. Kapil SSBSSfcfSS 

BOWUNCb Andrew 7-44-1; BaMcsr 00- 
27-1; Nictates 7-2-27-1; Mam 9-1-48-1; 
Cowtey 7-1 4fr\. 

HAMPSHttE; First inmgs ' 

CG Gnwnhfcatjwb Prebtakwl_-_33 

MR 1. OUMJM (J Lom. 7-lk 2. 

. B te asl ey i tete ww Tter (N Crowtns r. n-ffc 
3. Prewter Video <M Fry. 14-1). ALSO 
RAN. 6-4 lav Share Era (6tt>v 5 
RstaraWB. 7 Air Of Sprtno. 9 Brows, 12 
' Dana* (4BjL 14 Young Wamor. 16 

- Geotatoiw. 20 Mvare Sacarsb ZS Ansban. 

; Mr Tmk. Carse Kaly (Hh). Ctaica Match. 

16 ran. NR: Music Star. iii.M3.nk.nk. 
1L S Norton at High Hqytend. Tote EBJ0; 

. £4 50.E2n0,£2£l0.% £140 la or 2nd 
■* wdfianyoitartaree.CSF:£87^i.AfiBra 
. stewards nqij«y On ras« 4 t sands. 

340 (51) 1. 8WLA RIDGE (K Darter. 5- 
1): 2, teertan Start (G Baxter. WXJ-30); 3, 
Mbs Premia (K Hodgson. 14-1). ALSO 
T**fUUt 3 lav DaBbto DorethL 9-2 ABcaawid 

- Mil]. 11 PMstar, 12 Softty Spofawi. 14 
Gold Ouctan. WWar Raid. Lady Of ; 
Leisure 16 Parade GH. 33 Ada's 

c. Bay. lOQtt's Heaven. 13 raa tec. iLnk-ta. 
sUnd. A Hide al NmvmarlaL TONe£lia0; | 
£300. £1.70. £3-20. OF; £3060. CSF: 

, £2303. I 

returned, and dismissed Cow- 
ley and Chris Smith in 
successive overs. Tremlett 
and Parks then switched to 

\ anas not out 

Bias jb3.w1,ta^ 
Total (TuMdec) — — 

M Tiwntatt. R J Mwu, fit J Parte. J W 
Andrew. PJ Batter did not baL 

defence, and the match was fall of wickets: 1 - 57 . . . 
given up wjth two overs left. g^gK^IIIS 1: Sa3S 
Hampshire, resuming' at sto^u-a-ao-ttYrerevB-i-Sha. 

129 for one, occupied the first ■ __ 

40 minutes adding a leisurely 

22 runs before they dosed > ucji«cta(ustMorebMirender-30 

feir. mn^s i^bdjied. 8iB8*S(BK!555:S. 
Maninder Smgh, the left-arm ng covtay bKapiDev ■- a 

ffJPaSSSg^'. 1 

chance offered by Teny, but Boras 8 

otherwise the ended racked _ Tot* (6 wktd 2? 

incident ■ and to an extent, w^ JW * rtd<w,n<lp ^ BlitfcBr( * d 
pntpose. ' • ■ FALL OF WICKETS: 1-124,2-171.0-179. 

"Ihe Indians, mindful of ♦•WMio.Mii 
their need for practice brfore 
next weekenefs Texaco Tto- -i-flsa. - - 

4JI (1m 41) 1. BALLYDUmOW {D 
Nichols. ll-4);7 I MnflalNJl(JLowa.5'2 
tout 3. Aurtilnf (A Murray. 6-1). ALSO 
RAN: B Commandar Rotart MU. 12 L O 

Middlesex, who went into 
this match' having already se- 
cured a place in the quarter-final 
round off the Benson and Hedges 
Cup, made a dean sweep in 
their last zonal round match at 
the SL Lawrence ground, 
Canterbury, yesterday, where 
Kent were well beaten by 134 

The damage done on Sat- 
urday, when Gauing had made 
62, an innings which won him 
the gold award, and Radley, 48, 
in a total of 258 for eight, gave 
Middlesex’s faster bowler? the 
opportunity to be seen to advan- 
tage, yesterday. The result was 
that Kent's batsmen were beaten 
by pace, and bowled out for 124 
in 42.4 overs, Daniels taking 
three for 26, and Cowans three 
for 38. 

Kent had started out in the 
morning with Benson and 
Rinks taking guard with the 
score 12. But, they were soon to 
suffer a double Wow, losing 
Hinks to Williams with the 
score 26. and then Tavare, who 
lost bis off stump to Conans 
with the score 34. Benson's 
steadfastness took him to a well 
deserved half century, but with 
more wickets felling — at one 
point Daniels took the wickets 
of Graham Cowdrey, Baptiste 
and Ellison for nine runs in 16 
balk — and with Emburey and 
Edmonds joining in the fun, 
Benson was there still as the 
innings dosed, having carried 
his bat for 57. 

At Liverpool, Nottingham- 
shire tecame a qualifier in Zone 
B by way of a successful 

campaign against Lancashire, 
whom they beat by 20 runs. At 
the day's start, Nottinghamshire 
had been 171 for five, and only 
II overs remained. Having 
completed a brief study of tbe 
situation. Hadlee and Birch let 
their bats swing to good effect 
hitting 80 runs off seven overs. 
Hadlee was then bowled for a 
hard hit 37, but Birch stayed on 
to make 48 not ont as Not- 
tinghamshire came in at 263 for 

Lancashire's innings began 
dtsartrously, with the first two 
wickets felliiig for nine runs, and 
a third went down with the score 
43 from 22 overs. Mendis 
played well fora while, and later 
Give Lloyd had shown Lan- 
cashire tbe way in an inspira- 
tional innings. But. with a 


Ran; B Commandar Rotart 12 LD phy games, tended tO fell 'UmptafcDJ Contort ataKE Meier. 
Bronfiww. 14 B-Fhwl Four Siar Thmtl 

IStti), Duartes. 16 Prince Obaccn. 20 ‘ «-w- j , f m #T| 

Worcestershire spoil 

£4.40; £1.70. £1.40. £230. OF: E3.60. ■» r H-Y* 4 • 1- 

‘masagWi*- Yorkshire s revival 

a 2. Motta (j Carr. W-l): a Rofenaed 

HMfNConnOflon. 20-1) ALSO RAN: 9; Ihr PMp«- Rail 

2 fnv Bucks Roe (5th). 5 Sophy's Fo*y. 6 By FetCT Ball 

*Ss T SS 14 HKADINGLEY: Wvoatmhire WPectiw a 

ifitaBafflte£nzaLi6Utetrenctieriey. (2 pa) beat Yorkshire by 44 nuts, to a horrific start, some of it sel 

By Peter Ball 

33 Morton Bcrf. Laura * Choce. Retonp 
Rhapsody. M ran. NA Coptaee. S%L 2L 
■ UM. JAR Morris at WafstaooLTora: 

£ii.B0- rain £i.aa em». df: Esaia 

C9r £655a.Tocoat £1 .11019. taught In 
j 1*500 Bus. 

J 1 U (In 4ft 1, COMELY DANCER 
p Connonon. 10*11 lowfc 2. BeRW 

1 1-2): 3, Tieyemon V Low®. ' 
BS Ctaoadh f4»L B W 

. L 9 Onontai Ewresa. 33 Hoed 
H». Jessie Tmmns. SO Darts Cygnet 
teghi Gueat SB). Guwer Mac. SuajOJ 
Timl 12 ran. StsWid. v 1 71 nk. J Warn 
N Richmond. Tow; £1-60; £1.10. CT3R 

£ijo. dr earn, csf £7.12. After 

sta * Bnl5 "ra*y.tta rasuK stands. 

. Ptecapofc E177.S5. 


" Gotejgood 

2.15KB 1. HARD ACT ffl Wwntam. M- 
1L2. SWfey (M Brarawn. 33-1); 3. ll o K w* ; 


bv Timwyaten 2 7-2 

Dominion Royate (4th). B Suprame Op- 
toOEt 26 TWMte. 33 Gawtaj. Pwkers 
Joy. Stage, 11 ran. !H 3L 1M. iaSLR 
Hbhkxi at Mariboniagh. Tote: £7200; 
0020. £3Ja £5.70. DF: WMf 
second wttb any other horoe £1200- GSF 
SE50. 1 1 . no offbal imee- 
0 Am. Mfc Z Bingo OboobJW COTon, 
, 7-4 ta»V a. Bemtemr (G Brewt. 7 
IV ALSO RAN: 7-2 Anteewps* 

• -p nnn. t-m. n gww i ae w 

Sam's Rotate (5*4 , 9 Run H» 

33 noted. Boicar's Ctaica. 

SotertGold SiarCBy. 11 rk. KLa. 
3L R Howe M Epsom. Tote: £1250; £440, 
£140. Eam DR £3120. CSF £1927. 
Mrmar bought m tor 3400 pne. 

3.15 (2m 11) 1. SAILORS REWARD (W 
Caaon. 12-1 1 2. PMri Run (P 
4-lk 3. Jscfcdam (W Rj«L AtSOb 
RAfe.7^ tw Pelham Un«(5«i). 92 A ceo? 
Spies AM* 12 wm ttm Muse. 1*gn» 
20 Ffushmoor. Joist. Ftang Otor. 
10 ran. NR: QUW Courtly. IVC3L2SL J*. 
2i<L J tens « Swmdoa T0» STDft 
E24a 12.40. £4.90. DF: £3330. CSF: 
E5524. Trcwt 

34S (1m 40 1. GOLDENKOGHTS pujd 
Eddery. 8-13 too); 2. Mystay doe* H 
jwjano. 66- it 3 l Wooomo (i Martra a. 
9-2V ALSO RAN: 7 SIWWW Y£»«r 


M«a. 9 im 2W. 11. 1H. 1«. «VP 
rt LOTboum. Tow £13ft jn.00. £2000. 
£1.10. DF; £102-70. CSF: £32.49. 


jt 2, | meleonr fO WtajS-ttl 

. Ftomeen Dev U Mss. 3-1 tout A W 
SStr fSi “d-u ALSO RAI* 5 
Graoeuo Homes AtoL 8 Kemay. 12 Nee 
Caatrtt (5tm. 9— wwNww 

SwaDo «™* angGehB an g. 
Mareoom. 2D Yeun AngaL » Goto* 
Boy. 50 Sue CteraTTta *****. 

HOTJ. Huyttn'B Hope, v r 5--J&2fci 
«. Mi hd. W. R Htagw « Somerm 
Tow ci istL saj£eCM. 

CF E22A0, CSfi £81^*6. Tneott £17&3& 
„ Mfitim) 1. AL ^W MUreiim tWCatfgn- 
9-1t Z CnmerincrP Watoron. T-itfv* 

HE-WINGLEY: Worcestershire perspective 
(2 pa) beat Yorkshire by 44 nuts, ro a horrific 
The much-vaunted Yorkshire inflicted. M 
revival is glowing rather less ranoutmtl 
brightly today. Yesterday, they * C '“*LM* 
feifed to reach the quarter-finals RadtortTs n 
of the Benson and Hedges Om, araromi 
Qihgrf ir w quietly on an tmren- stored Yora 
able wicket- not helped by the a hart wort 
discovery of a mower starter . bo 

wire imbedded in it between the keen nodi 
inn roes. removed b 

This was after Worcestershire ■”« . 

had battled to a barely respect- adjudged 1 
able 213 t hn "ks to a carefully impressive 
compiled 66 by D'OKveira. store hadlc 
Worcestershire’s victory earns 
them a home draw as group Neil Hurtle 
winners in the quarter-finals. Stevenson ic 
Worcestershire’s suspicions Rg jew-J 
of the pitch were seen in a as Yorksbir 
cautious beginning by “^ruction 
D’OHveira and Weston. The nirther a] 
first boundary did not arrive Against 
until the I6lh over, and progress Worcesters! 
continued slowly until Weston, was snioda 
the more sggessive of the two, 
lost his off stump to Nefl gggiggSral 
Hanley. ,, , .. DMSmHhbC: 

.Almost immediately Came* GAWrt bCw 
increased Worcestershire’s 
doubts by removing Smith with *g j Rhodu & 
a delivery which spun sharply, n VRtafertb 
cat of the rough to beat g RKSSrofth 

intertetenmnale prod and hit S?^Sr n 

k® stump. Ewnsfbi.i 

Hick, however, made doubts FA J^£cI 
about the wicket look inetevant 
as he drove with elegance and bowling: sm 
polled savagely. . and ■ with iijM«: cm 
D'OIivejra continuing his 23Jg5 :PJHI 
watchful duty, ttey restored the i 

balance enough to » into Turn* 

In tbe first over afosr tire j oiwic Hd 
interval, however, Camck sn Harttoy bt 
claimed his second important 
victim. Bowling Hick with the GBS^aoson 
arm ball as the batsman shaked as»bwt 
io cut. Four .overs later 
D'Oliveiia’s reastuux was pv ^5SS>Ti 
ended after a day of . Toot (49 o 

Worcestershire s umings ten fall of wq 
apart in a darter of wickets. rawo. 6-iti 

Tl^ <0^^213 tooled &r 
from adequate but u_ was ^ ssngw 
quickly put into a drffe re m n-0ji7-a;PVM 

perspective as Yorkshire got off 
to a horrific start, some ofrt self- 
inflicted. Moxon was carelessly 
runout in the fourth over and in 
the next Metcalfe succumbed to 
Radford's fast full toss. 

Sharp and Love at last re- 
stored Yorkshire's humour with 
a hart working 50 stand against 
accurate bow&og supported by 
keen fielding. But Pridgeon 
removed bom in consecutive 
overs, and with Baintow soon 
adjudged Its before to - the 
impressive BKngworth, York- 
shire had lost ban their wickets 
caching 83. 

Neil Hartley and subsequently 
Stevenson offered glimpses of a 
reprieve. They proved illusory 
as Yorkshire's capacity for self- 
. destruction showed in some 
further appalling ranning- 
Against fielding of 
Worcestershire's sta n d a rd s , that 
was suicidal. 


M J Weston & Hartley (SNj « 

D 8 D'OBwrira b Hsrasy PJ) 66 

D M &nWi b Cairtck 1 

G A Hick b Cwri dt _ — — ® 

•p A Neale & StteboCom 2g 

DNfteM runout — : | 

fS J Rhodes tew bJaryte 3 

N V RedtortbSWetaNoin -2 

JDhdnwrebSdeboltort 11 

R K 06nawonri notout 5 

FALL 3-137, 4- 

1WF34-1: Carridt 11.1-392: StavonBon 
7-T»5: p J Harttey 9-1-98-1; S N Hartley 
6 W 1 . 


AAM^Sab^b Radlort 11 

J o rtSbPitogeon I » 

SN Hartley b intanM ra. ® 

fO L Bwrstaw few b UhPflwrtti 9 

P Cairtclc run out 1* 

G 0 Sit 'soson c Paw) b Pridgeon _ 21 
ASdetataniiwtout. 16 

PJ Hartey runout — £ 

P W Jute-tun out ° 

Extra?) 4 b 11 w2 nb 10) 27 


70. M3, 6-116, 7-129, 8-1SB. 9-159. 10- 

BOWUNS ftedferd i Wwe^ 




Glamorgan v 


GtoucmtBtsMra fflptt) beat Glamorgan by 
45 runs. 


A WSuwoldc Jones b Base 4 

PWRonatemtewbYtanm 38 

CWJAHwybwbDerridi 35 

PBafnbridQe b Derrick 10 

J W Lloyds nm out . ■ ' ■ ■ 3 

IC M Curran c Jones b Hokee* _ — 16 

I R Payne c Thomas b Base — ; _40 

*D AGrawoney nrtout 25 

D V Lawrence not out — ■ ■ ■ 4 

Extras (b 4. to 6. w 9. 1*4) — 23 

Total (7 wkts. 55 ow^ 186 

tR C Russel end G A Watah dto not beL 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-59, 3-74, 4- 
B1. 5-104, 6-138. 7-188. 

BOWJNG; Thomas 11 -3-44-1; Besell-O- 
34-2: Derrick 11-0-34-2; Ontang 11-620- 
0: Smite 7-0-32-0; Hofenes 4-0-22-1- 

J A HopWra b Payne 23 

A L Jones run out — 32 

H Morris tew bPsyne 0 

G C Holmes b Payne — 0 

0 B PauflnB a Russafl b Betebridga —31 

•R C Ortonfl c and b Uoyds 22 

J 6 Thomas a tad bUoyos — — ■ 4 

J Derrick IbwbWateh 8 

, IT. Darias run out 9 

1 Smith c Payne b Lloyds 6 

SJ Base not out — — * 

Extrss(|b9.w2,nb1) -12 

Total avers) 151 

FALL OF WICKETS : 1-92, M3, 3«. 4- 
66. 5-116. 6-122. 7-122, 8-138, 9-14B 10- 

BOWUNG: Wateh 9-4-19-1: Lawrence 4- 
0-20-0; Payne 11-M2G: Sabtoridge 10-3- 
39-1; Gravmy M41-0 : Lloyds 1024- 

Umpires: D Lloyd and R Patmw. 

Kent v Middlesex 


JUKMwea ffpftjl beat Kant by 134 mm. 
WDOLE8EX: 2SB fair 8 (MW Getting B2.P 
R Downton 53 not out). 


M R Benson notout — 57 

SG Hinks bWWems 10 

CJTavartb Cowans — 0 

NR Taylor o sub bBrteimy — — — 5 

"C S Cowdrey c and b Emburey 3 

GR Cowdrey b Daniel 13 

EAbpt^cWHamsbmrtel 4 

R MBboTc Downton b Daniel § 

tS A Marahc Emburey b Cowans — 15 

D L Underwood b Cow ans i-; — 0 

K B SJsrris o Bnburey b Edmonds — 0 

Boras te2.te3.ste. nbl) — 14 

Tata (424 ovarS) 134 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-26. 2G4, 3-49; 4- 
58^5-83. 6-87, 7-97. 8-123. 9-123. 10-124. 

BOWUNG: WHams 90-20-1 ; Cosans 1 1- 
2263; Emburey 11-3-22-2; Daniel 10-1- 
3&3; Edmonds 2A-0-13-1. 

Mottram’s role 

Buster Mottram, who has 

been a frequent critic of Lawn 
Tennis Association policy, has 
been asked to manage a young 
British team for the first time. 
Mottram is in charge of an 
under- 18 squad to take part in 
an International Tennis Federa- 
tion junior worid-ranlcmg tour- 
n ament in Berlin this weekend. 


Lancashire v Notts 


(2 pts) beat LeocasWa 


RTRobtesonc Ab ra h a m s b Sknmtma 50 

BC Bread few bAtott 2 

D W Randafl c Maynwd b ADott — 0 

*C E B Rk» c Maynard b ABott 71 

P Johnson ckMwtoonbSfcmnoiis — 19 

JD Birch not out 4a 

RJHadnbMsktoson 37 

1 BN French runout — — 2 

Extrasta12.wfi.nb8) — ... . 26 

Total (7 wkts. 55 own) SB 

R A Pick. K E Cooper tad P M Such dd 
not baL 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-8, 2-8, 3-123. 4- 

158. 5- 162. 6-260, 7-263. 

BOWUNG: WaMnson 10-0560; ABott 
11-2-53-3; Maklnson 9-0-37-1; 
O'Shaughnessy S-O-39-0; Simmons 11-3- 
33-2; A&tatms 9-1-39-0- 

G Fourier c Broad bHsdtoe 2 

GDMenfisc French bHadtoa 35 

J Abrahams b Cooper . — _______ 0 

S J Q’Sfi& fltwesw b Such _____ 14 

•CH Uoyd cRtoab PicK 67 

N H FwtraOW b Pick 33 

jCMmrarcIcsndbKsdhw 22 

M Wtomnson cBroad b Hadlee 19 

J amnrons not out 7 

P J W ABott not out 23 

Extras (bl. £>9.wanb3) 21 

Total (8 "Ids, 55 arm) 243 

D J MaMrnon dki not baL 

FALL 1-7. 2-8, 343. 4-80. 5-168, 6-174,7- 

206 3218. 

BOWUNG: Hadtes 11-363-4; Cooper 11- 
2-Z5-1r FUCfc I14W* S«* 71-543-1; 
Rica 11-0-62-0. 

Umpires: A A Jones and P Q Wight 

Warwickshire v 



T A Uoyd tow b Monensen 1 

G J Lord e HoWtng b Mortenean 0 

B M McMHan run out 7C 

D L Andes c Barestt b Warner 58 

tG W Humpage b Rwtey 16 

Asrt Din c faSSr b VNmar _____ 4 

P A SrWftc Barnett bWamnr 16 

GJ Parsons not out 11 

GCSiraRbHokflna 2 

ARK Pierson b Hofetow — — 0 

Extraste3.bB.w12.ite5> -26 

Tgta^ows) 213 

*N Gatord dW not bat 


141. 5- 182, 6-165. 7-204, W13. Ml 3. 

BOWUNG: Hofcfcifl 11-1-49* Mprtsman 
11-1-34-2; Fknay 11-1-34-1; MNer 11-4- 
23-0, Warner 11-0-67-3. 


•KJ Barnett cMcMfflanbSmaB 12 

I S Anderson b Parsons 42 

A HIS run ont — 51 

JE Moots c and bPierson ,5 

tB Roberts cSoraab Parsons 35 

Ft Shams not out 0 

GMBernotout J 

M A Holding b McMSar .2 

Boras — — -21 

TotaKSD overs) 175 

To bet R J Finney. A E Warner. O H 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-21.2-100.3-107.4- 

151.5- 170.6-174. 

Surrey v Combined 


Surrey Bpts) bt Oxford md Cambridge 
by 8 wickets. 


PABailcCSrtonbMonkhouM 40 

DA Hagan few b Pooocfc 11 

0 J Fwc Rid an te b Doughty — 4 

C DMTooleyc Lynch bBritdwr — 1 

'1> A Ttan» few Butcher — 14 

DG Wee c Butcher b Monktaise _ 25 

RSRutnagur retired hurt — — 6 

A K Golding pot out ________ 31 

tA D Brawn not out __ ___ 10 

Extra(b4,fe5. w3,nb7) 19 

Total <6 atts. 55 o*ars) 161 

CCSBsonand AM G Scott didnot ML 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-25. 2-31. 369. 4- 

BOWUNG: Gray T 1-1-33-0: Doughty 6-1- 
16-1: Butcher 72-232; Monfchousa 10-1- 
41-2; Pooocfc 11-5-16-1; Neadham 10-3- 



A R Butcher cGcMngb Scott 1 

G S CSnton b Bail 22 

AJBtesstnotout 63 

M A Lynch notout 68 

ExuB&te 1, to 1. w3, nt>3) 6 

Total (2 wfats. 38.1 orara] 162 

T E Jesty. tC J Richards, A Needham, 
R J Doughty, G Monfchousa, AH Gray, *P I 

Py-w-fw-lr Jlrif iMlAlahl 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-6. 2>52- 
BOWtJNG: SOOtt 9.1-326-1; ’Thorne 5-0- 
15-0; Gokfna 11-1-430: Bad 4«26-1: 
Bison 8- O-S-O: Tooley 1-0-6-0. 

Umpires: B Dudteston and N T Plaws 

Sussex v Somerset Schools Results 


Sussex (2pU6 beat Somerset by 42 runs. 

N J Lenham at Gwd b Marks 82 

AM Green cGardb Gamer 13 

P W G Parfcor b Dredge .9 

knran Khan c Gard b Palmar 25 

C M WeHs b Marks 0 

A PWsls few b Botham 21 

G S La Roux c Gard b Pafaner 7 

t*l JGortde Gard b Gamer 8 

u A Roeve not out 21 

ACS Pigotttowb Botham 21 

A N Jones not out 1 

Extraste1.tefi.nb3) 10 

Tout 0 wfatt. 55 ewers) 218 

FALL OF WICKETS; 1-16. 2-55. 3-135, 4- 
135. 5-137. 6-152. 7>169. 6-185. 9-217. 

BOWUNG: Gainer 11-2-34-2; Botharn 9- 
3-44-2 Dredge 10-1-34-1; Teytor 84M3- 
ft Marim 1M56* Palmar 8-1-20* 

V J Marks b Jones 24 

PM Roebuck hit wfctb Reeve 13 

J J E Haidy b Raeve 11 

I V A Richards c Green b Jones 14 

IT Botham c Gortd b Pigut 6 

R J Harden 0 Jaws — 0 

G V Palmer c and ble Roux 53 

I T Garde Imran b Pnott ______ 34 

rH Dredge ePXjoHb Jones 3 

NTarforfiMgott 1 

J Owner tat out 6 

Extras (h S te 2w I n 1] 11 

Total (9 vritts, 40 ewers) 176 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-31. 2-44, 3-62. 4- 
64. SSS, 6-75. 7-154, 8-162, 9-165. 10- 

BOWUNa la Roux 11-1 -34-1; Imran 11-2- 
36-0; Reave 11-3-32-2 Jones 8-0-32-4; 
Weds (CM) 1-0-24)! Plgott 9-2-333. 

‘AmpMorth 92. Sedbereti 93-2: Brigh- 
ton 200-7 [S Chattteburgh 117). •Whmrtt 
102-7; Charteriwuse 1 
(Berks) 120 (40 overs match); Dover Cot. 
132-5 dec. -Kent Cot 134-5: Eastboim 
162-7 dec; TOng's, Canterbury. 103ft 
•Steam 170-6 dec. St Dunstan a 136ft 
•Enfield GS 175-6 dec. John Lyon 179-5: 
Free Foresters 188-2 dec. ♦Epsom 202-9 
(J Gardner 1D3t Free Foresters 187-7 
dac. ■Reed’s 158: *Gianaimond 104-7, 
■ — ■ 'cadomy (ran); Glyn 97. 
HS 9Bft toawch T2&2 dec, 
"Framfingham 151-7: Wng Edward vw, 
Lytham ,185-7 dec. 'WWam Ht^ne’S 4ft 
■King s. Rochester. 213-4 dec. Sutton 
Vafanca 2ft KCS. WxrteNdon. 134. *St 
John’s. Leaftertaad, 138-2; Latymer 152. 
151-8 dee. ’Hanvton 109ft Maldatona 

93ft MCC 147-7 dec. 

151-8 dec. 


164-4 dec. St Benedefi. 

•Sevenoaks 1606 dec. Code 
Stxrey Young CrUrtars 1516 dec. 
•Ruash 155-1; Tiffin 194. Giridtord RGS 
63ft Tonbridge 246-2 dec (Longlsy 156 
iu>4 DiAridTftoft Vtefctaoroygh 144- 
8 dec. -Bradtofd Modem T&ft ■Wohrer- 
tampton 142-6 dec. Worcester RGS 143- 
5c &Meid. Meteoume. 85. -Queen's. 
Tainton, 85: Free Foresters 1616 dec. 
*Bryan»3ne 138: -Mng WMams. ble ol 
Man, 220-4 dec (R Cook 107). Merchant 

dee. -Parigboume 111 


SWISS LEAGUE: Lausanne ft Lucerne 1 : 
Grencnan 4. Senate Gonna 1; Aanu 3. 
Veray 1; La Chaia-defonds 0. Zundi ft 

Umpires: H DBM and A G T Whitehead. UmpIrBS: J A Jameson and RJuflan. 

Ufcjna:1. Xan 
Lucerne 36. | 

scoring rale at above eight an 
over, and against a highly 
efficient attack, such as 
Nottinghamshire's is. it was 
hart going. Not for the first 
time, Hadlee's batsmanship had 
played an important pert in his 
sides victory, and by taking four 
wickets for S3 in his stmt of 1 1 
overs as Lancashire foundered 
for 243 for eight, the Gold 
Award quite property belonged 
to him. 

In the Zone C match at Hove, 
a fine innings by Lenham, who 
made 82, took Sossex to 21 8 for 
nine, which was too many runs 
for Somerset whom they beat 
by 42 runs. And at St Helens, 
Swansea. Gloncestersliire's sec- 
ond victory by 4S runs in the 
same group, was also 
Gtamorgan's fourth defeat. 

Childs is 
seen in 

By Ivo Tennant 

It is not often (bat John 
Childs is able to steal the 
limelight from better-known Es- 
sex colleagues. Yesterday, 
though, the left-arm spinner 
took five wickets (as many as he 
did all last summer) in his first 
championship spell of the sea- 
son. Northamptonshire were 
dismissed for 244, of which 
Geoff Cook scored 81. Essex lost 
both openers in reply. 

It was getting on tor 48 hours 
after Northamptonshire bad 
won tbe toss when play began, 
the first day having been washed 
out. Yesterday, in brilliant 
morning sunshine, the ground 
looked not so much a picture — 
that would be stretching a point 
— as an improvement. One 
stand has been replaced and on 
the adjoining football ground a 
smart edifice has been built. 

On the cricket square, die wet 
spring has meant a pitch being 
used for the second time already 
by this early stage of the season. 
Far from being tbe normal flat 
surface, a ridge has developed at 
one end and the pitch took spin 
early on. 

From the outset. North- 
amptonshire seemed hopeful of 
making this a two-innings 
match. Stone scored four runs 
in the first hour and nine in all 
before being dismissed by the 
first of Handle's short-leg 
catches. This was a very good 
one. taken at full stretch as the 
batsman foiled to counter 
Pringle’s lift. 

A similar delivery accounted 
for Lamb, but otherwise all the 
Northamptonshire wickets went 
to tbe spinners. Childs. . whose 
wickets last summer cost more 
than tOO runs apiece, bowled 
433 overs in succession from 
the pavilion end, partnered for 
much of the innings by Acfield. 

The former Gloucestershire 
spinner caught and bowled 
Boyd-Moss as he attempted to 

Leics v Minor Cties 


Letestarshir0(2pts) beat Mnor Counties 
by 109 runs. 


L Potter c Plumb b M wry 112 

I P Butcher not OUt 103 

•D I Gower b Merry — 1 

JJWMakarb Malone 17 

WK R Benjamin not out 19 

Extra (lb 12. w 11. 1*3) .J* 

Total (3 wkts. 55 overs) 278 

N E Briers. T J Boon. P B CWt tP 
WtBtScase. P A J Do Freitas and L B 
Taylor cM not bat. 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-196. 2-201. 3-248. 
BOWUNG: Malone 10646-1; Merry 10- 
1-37-2; Hitchmouto 36626: Herbert 11- 
0-55-0; Webster 11-1666: Plumb 106- 



S NPPnastaybCfcft 37 

AFeib Benjamn — __ 12 

P A Todd c WNtncase b Benja mi n 0 

GRJ Roope few b Cm B 

N A Riddal c WMtUcase b Ber^tatfi _ 74 

SG Plumb cBentamlnb Potter 16 

J S Mbchmough oBontamln 5 

R Herbert cBmcharb Potter 6 

A J Webster tow Taylor 5 

SJ Malone b Benjamin 0 

W G Marry not out 1 

Extra te 4, w 1) 5 

Tote (504 overs) 168 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-19. 2-23. 367. 4- 
129.5-151.6-152. 7-150 8-168,9-168. 10- 

BOWUNG: Teytar 96-15-1; Benjamin 9.4- 
2-17-5: CW 11-3-1 4ft Da Fredas 7-1-15- 
0: Briers 56646: Potter 106-70-2. 
Umpires: C Cook antiK J Lyons. 

bat and pad. Acfield removed 
Bailey, splendidly caught at 
mid-on by Border, bedecked, for 
reasons best known to himself, 
in an England touriiw cap. 

At the other end Geoff Cook 
stuck at it, for 219 minutes. He 
is consistent and unspectacular, 
so one tends to take him for 
granted. Unlike the ground, he 
is not in need of restructuring. 
His Championship scores this 
season have been 109 not out, 
82 and now 81. Acfield snared 
him, too. and the two spinners 
gradually worked their way 
through the tail, held up only by 


■G Cook b Acfield 81 

ACStortecHantabPrtngla 9 

RJ Boyd-Moss c and bOSIds 29 

A J Lantoc Hanfiab Prtegle 1 

RJBaieyc Banter b Acfield 26 

OJCepdcFMctarbCbfos 8 

R A Harpar St Eael b Cri4ds _ 40 

to repteycHerdieb Acfield 14 

NGBCookcandbCMda 16 

A Walker wt out 1 

B J Griffiths b CMds 7 

Extras (b7.fe5l .J2 

Total 2*4 

Score M 100 ovenc 238 (or 9 
FALL OF WICKETS: 1-44. 269. 362. 4- 
136. 5-157. 6-161. 7-197. 8633. 9-236, IQ- 

BOWUNG: Lever 8-3-196: Foster 106- 
326; dutch 433-15-97-5; Prmglo 19-4- 
39ft Acfield 22-4-54-3. 


'GAGoocrilbwbMfites 4 

BR Hercte b Gnffitee 1 

P J Prichard not out 4 

A R Sorrier not exit 14 

Toni (2 write. 12 ovare) 23 

K W R Fletctar, D R Prirtee. tO E East N 
A Foster. D L Acfield. J H CMds and J K 
Lever to bat 

FALL OF WICKETS: 1-4. 26. 

Bonus points; Northamptonshire 2, Essex 

Women asked 
for pledge 

Players attending the 
Women's Cricket Association 
(WCA) selection weekend at 
Warwick University on Sat- 
urday are being asked to sign an 
undertaking that they will not 
have any playing or coaching 
links with South Africa in tbe 
future, if they wish to be 
considered for EngUmd. 

In January, the wCA banned 
from international selection for 
a year tbe players who were in 
an unofficial team called The 
Unicorns who toured South 
Africa in the winter. 



Britannic Assurance County 


(11.0, 102 overs) 

Northants v Essex 
Sport Aid match 
(11-0, 55 overs) 

West Indies v Rest of the World (at 


BOXING: European flyweight champion- 
ship. Charite Magri v Duke McKenzie: 
WBC weMerweight Anal etarrinator. Horace 
Shutord (US) v Uoyd Honeyghan (GB) (at 

CROQUET: Tour n ament (at Parkstone). 
EQUESTRIANISM: Royal Agncutttrai 
Show (at BebnoraL Bettest). 

GOLFi Engbsti women’s am ate ur dosed 
championships (at Sandwich); Scottish 
women’s amateur championships (at St 

HORSE TRIALS: at Punchestowr. 
TENM& P adt fington tournament (at 
Paddington LTQ. 

YACHTING: Royal Lymmgton Cup. 

Monte Carlo gambling on sports stars 


tov Aucron Man. 8 P rtnoaw P mnab._™ 

Keep Cool London CWMtt J * _§® 


Pwf Toned 25 C»8«W.%J 
AttHMsaWaek rargLHR: 6teiyta_1 ^: 
11 hd, nk, St B W OT 3 ^,? 
Nawrnarfcet. Tote £7S& 

£1959. £156 DF £5100. C5F: £4334. 
Tmast £74053. 

ftaepee £»Lffi 


; Going: good to fem- 

••S5S5s^S f “. 

11 tovfci Tap 

TOUR vn-ALY: Ota Otete BgMfa atega 
(t5Sbn^ 1. F Oriocdoi «. 4hr Ht B 
Gcto» «. same tan. OvtrMM. G Svonnl 
SCsaMT; 2. G BaroWtaB, 373325: 3. F 
Support 37^920. 




Ruined gamblers need to 
shoot themseftee on tihe steps of 
the Casino m Monte Carlo. In 
later years Greek millionaires 
with bifocals, refraining from 
such raektdranut, sat hunched 
over the gaming tables into the 

early horns. Their dgar smoke, 
like the slightly decadent image 
they presented, hmqt tike a pati 
over the Principality of Monaco. 

Times change and the fresh 
faced young man who swept into 
the Monte Carlo Country Club 
recently to greet friends and 
visiting members of the inter- 
national tennis eooiiaMhr is 

giving Father Time a deliberate 

Otffiftr 20. BffidM/0*. 


Iracl. WBarma- 


14 a ft I 


.. itoteftlttn 

quaMars: L Cur . ffpmksti \ ft L cofea 
&towgH 7, A Mampfee 6. K 
kWKima (Bala .VUs) 5. A CanobN OOng* 
i^3 1 jVMcflri^_(GBntertory) ft Amu 

healthier road. 

Prince Albert, with ' his 
mother's smile nd Us fiatber’s 
high, int ell i ge nt forehead, Ss 
committed te promoting a way 
different image for his fondly *s 
tiny state. Happy to let the chips 
fell where they may in the 
smoke-frUed salmis, Prince Al- 

bert wants to encourage big “Now that we have oar new 
business to lake a deep breath of 20M§ feet stadium, there is 
fresh air and indulge la the really notimig we cannot handle 
increasingly profitable world of here," he said. “We are geared 
international sport. for 17 sports in the whole 

“I think we already hare a complex with a 3 1 00foseat hall 
good reparation for hosting ma- for basketball and boxing and 
jot sporting events' 1 the young 600 seats aroand tbe swimming 
Prince (old me. “But we are pool Then there is judo, wres- 
mkjag a consdoos effort to fling, fencing, squash . . . ob <n- 
develop this image. We want to o&sty the Monaco Grand Prix 
attract yoong people who tike to and the temns and golf events 
play as well as watch a whole are already wefi established as is 
variety of sports, I am invofring the track and field meeting in 
myself personally in tins effort September,” 
because I think it is so important It did seem a lot. But Prince 
fin the future of Monaco.” Albert obrionsfr isn’t satisfied. 

To get away from the rain on Although be did not volunteer 
one or those days Monagasqne the thought, the idea of prodno 
meterologists Eke to pretend ing a world class star of their 
never happen, we had escaped own is obviously the ultimate 
into one of the Ettle offices dream. “We hare tried to give 
inside foe tow eri ng dodfombe. special training to a couple of 
Tbe Prince had no notes with our young trams players but 
him but when talking ahest the without much restth,* the Prince 
details of sporting fodOBties on said, 
offer in foe Principality he “The problem is we hare a 
obviously didn't need any. rather small population to draw 

Grom. There are 27,000 residents 
in Monaco but only 5,000 actnal 

In the meantime tbe residents 
do Monte Carlo's sporting im- 
age no harm at alL Bjorn Borg 
lea the way and was quickly 
followed by the tikes of Mats 
Wflander. Nelson Piquet, Mi- 
chele Alboreto, Joakim 
Nystrom and now of course 
Boris Becker. 

BJorg may have left — leaving 
ex-wife Marianna to add some 
glitter to the nigh 1 life with her 
newly opened discotheque — but 
Becker promises to fill his shoes 
with an even greater sense of the 
youthful panache Prince Albert 
is seeking. 

Richard Evans 





Magri aims to conquer 
the age barrier 
and a young opponent 

By Sriknmar Sen, Boxing Correspondent 

They say 30 is too okl for a 
flyweight. Charlie Magri sets 
out to put that belief to the test 
when he defends his European 
title against Duke McKenzie, 
of Croydon, aged 23, at Wem- 
bley tonight. 

Magri has not had too many 
gruelling contests, thanks to 
quick endings to most of his 
bouts, and as a result he could 
have more left in him than 
most top flyweights might 
expect to have at this stage in 
their careers. 

In McKenzie, however, be 
is taking on a difficult oppo- 
nent who should faefp Magri 
reach some conclusions about 
his future tonight If he loses it 
must be the end of the road for 
him; if he wins he could go on 
reigning for as long as he likes, 
for there is no better opponent 
than McKenzie for Magri in 

Even though McKenzie has 
had only 13 contests against 
Magri's 34, he is unbeaten and 
has enough skill to pose 
problems for the East Ender. 
An exciting contest should 
unfold as the puncher in 
Magri tries to swamp the 
boxer in McKenzie. Will the 
boxing of the taller, upright 
McKenzie be enough to 
swerve the shorter, aggressive 

Magri from his destructive 
intentions early in the bout? 

If Magri can set about 
McKenzie quickly he could 
stop him. But if McKenzie 
hangs on and stays in touch 
for six rounds, when Magri 
begins to run out of ideas, he 
could pull off a points win. 
Much, of course, will depend 
on how well Magri's chin 
stands up to right hands from 
the challenger. McKenzie is 
not a heavy hitler but he can 
land well timed blows. 

The heart wants the old 
champion to win, the head the 
young challenger. For Magri 
has little or no future in woild 
terms while McKenzie is a 
potential world champion and 
If Magri wins and sits on his 
title he could block 
McKenzie’s progress for a 
long time. 

In the other joint-top con- 
test. Lloyd Honeyghan, of 
Bermondsey, should move a 
step closer to a world title bout 
with the world champion, 
Donald Curry, when he takes 
on the World Boxing Council 
No 1. Horace Shufford, in a 
final eliminator. 

All the new moves that 
Honeyghan has been practis- 
ing under his new trainer, 
Bobby Neill, will be put to the 

test Shufford, aged 33, is a 
clever boxer with bands quick 
enough to capitalize on the 
slightest slip from Honeyghan. 

Shufford has a very good, 
sharp jab and can double and 
treble up hooks. He claims 
that the former WBC champi- 
on. Milton McCrary, dodged 
him 14 times. Johnny Mag, 
from the Don King organiza- 
tion, who is here with 
Shufford, produced 14 letters 
over a period of seven months 
sent to McCrary's manager, 
Emmanuel Steward, to sub- 
stantiate this. After watching 
Honeyghan beating Sylvester 
Mittee on a video, Mag de- 
clared; “No problem. 
Honeyghan telegraphs his 
shots. Horace is in another 

The two men have one 
opponent in common: Kevin 
Austin, of United States. 
Honeyghan stopped him in 10 
after being floored and 
Shufford won in eight. But 
that does not mean that 
Shufford has the punch to 
deter Honeyghan. The Ber- 
mondsey boxer is the hardest 
man in the game in Britain to 
put on the floor and keep 
down. He has picked himself 
up off the canvas more than 
once and won well. 


Faultless Britain 
are in the clear 

From Jenny MacArthur, Jerez de la Frontera 

Ronnie Massarella. the Brit- 
ish team manager, bad every 
reason for his renowned cau- 
tious optimism at the half-way 
stage of yesterday's Nations Cup 
event here. Britain were in the 
lead with no penalties while 
Portugal. West Germany and 
Belgium were equal second on 
four faults. 

Rio Delgado RibeUes. the 
Spanish course designer, had a 
difficult task constructing a 
suitable circuit for yesterday's 
event, in which nine teams were 
competing. He bad to make it 
easy enough for the less experi- 
enced teams of Morocco and 
Chile while presenting the nec- 
essary challenge for the more 
powerful European teams, al- 
though of the latter only Britain 
and Spain had their foil squad of 
top riders. 

In the event the course was 
straightforward and, apart from 
fence eight, a big vertical, it 
looked on the small side, al- 
though Nick Skelton said it was 
not small when you came to 
jump iL He. and Raffles Apollo 
went first for Britain and set the 
rest of the team a fine standard 
with a fluent dear run. Skelton 
had been worried about Apollo's 
off-fore — the horse had over- 
reached during Saturday’s grand 
prix, in which they were second. 
He had been treated by the vets 
but it looked sore. Raffles 
Apollo, however, sensed the 
importance of the occasion and, 
apart from stumbling after the 
first fence gave no further cause 
for concent. 

Michael Whitaker on Next 
Amanda, his possible ride for 
the world championships in 
July, went next for Britain and 
gave a confident performance 
never looking in danger of 
hitting a fence. 

The Belgians were the only 
other team to get their first two 
horses here. Their third rider, 
Mike Van Belle, then collected 
four faults on Titi's Friend while 
Britain's third rider. Malcolm 
Pyrah on Tower! ands Diamond 
Seeker, went dear, a feat all the 
more creditable as Pyrah. unlike 
the other team members, was 
not on his best horse. He had left 
Towerbmds Anglezarke resting 
at home. 

Belgium’s fourth rider, Joris 
Meulemans, the surprise winner 
- of the grand prix here on Acardi, 
then collected eight faults, 
ensuring that the Belgiums 
stayed behind Britain. Pyrah’ s 
clear round, the thud for Brit- 
ain, meant that the team’s last 
rider. John Whitaker on Next 
Hopscotch, did not need toga 

West Germany's two dear 
rounds came from Julius 
Hesselraann on Dublin and 
Heinrich Johannsmann on 
Danieia. while Portugal relied 
on the on-form Manuel Malta 
da Costa with Mont Blanc and 
Francisco Caldeira with Redse 
to keep them in contention. 
RESULTS: Hrat fount 1, Great Britain. 0 
ta«s: equal 2. Belgium. West Germany 
and Portugal. 4. BatM marts: Raffles 
Apollo (N SkotonL 0: Next Amanda (M 
wnrtakeir ft Towertands Diamond 
Setter (M Pyrah), ft Next Hopscotch 
Whitaker), rdttrad. 





By William Stephens 

Clifton were most successful 
in the Queen’s Club centenary 
championships which con- 
cluded over the weekend. Their 
evening dub first pair, David 
Maliinson and Edmund 
POppleweiL won the Bear 
Steams inter-dub doubles by 
eliminating the strong Queen's 1 
(Michael Brooks and Julian 
FeneJey) 15-11, 8-15, 7-15. IT- 
14, 15-1 1 in the semi-finals and 
then New York I (Nick Barham 
and Jimmy Knott) 15-5, 15-10, 
7-15, 15-2 in the finaL 

An Old Cliftonian, Chris 
Pickwoad. an Englishman who 
has lived id Canada for over 20 
years, was in the winning pair in 
two finals: the James Capd 
world invitation doubles with 
James Male and the Norman 
Broadbent over-40s doubles 
with Martin Smith. Pickwoad 
and Male defeated William 
Boone, the world champion, 
and James Leonard 15-11, 15- 
1 1, 15-12; Pickwoad and Smith 
beat David McLemon, of Mon- 
treal, and David Norman 15-1, 
16-17.15-5,15-6. ; - 

Pickwoad was also adjudged 
victor ludorura (over 40) in the 
Laing & Craickshank/Capel- 
Cure Myers pentathlon of rack- 
ets. real tennis, squash, tennis 
and golf Other contenders were 
Devens Hamlen, of Boston, 
Andrew Beeson and Charles 
Swallow. Hie victor ludorum 
(under 40) was David Jenkins, 
an old Maivernian. 



The old routine: Gary Player salutes his third PGA Seniors toornament victory, at Chester 
Valley, Pennsylvania. He scored a four-round total of 206, four raider par. 

Brand new threat 
to the old guard 

By John Hennessy 

The English women's ama- 
teur championship, sponsored 
by Powakaddy, returns today to 
Prince's, Sandwich, the scene of 
its inauguration 74 years ago. In 
those days the standard of golf 
according to The Times, "was 
only moderate, and few ptayers 
returned cands in qualifying 
rounds in under 100 strokes, 
and some of 140 and 150 were 

Today and tomorrow we shall 
be looking for scores not far 
removed from the par of 74 
from such players as Patricia 
Johnson, holder ofboth this title 
and the English stroke-play 
championship, Jill Thornhill, 
British champion in 1983, 
Unda Bayman. once a winner 
and twice a runner-up in the last 
three years, and Carole Cald- 
well, the Kent champion. 

Ranged against this old guard, 
speaking metaphorically in Miss 
Johnson's case, for die is still 
only 20, are a number of young 
players seeking a place m the 
sun. Among these one stands 
out as a special talent, a girl of 
16 , who “is sure to win some- 
thing big soon" according to 

Gordon Brand, her mentor at 
Knowle, Bristol. 

The jewel in his crown is 
Susan Shapcott, chosen fbr the 
England team last year before 
her sixteenth birthday, a rare 
accolade. “1 fully believe in 
her," he says. “She is already 
good enough to win this week, 
though tack of experience, 
particularly in links golf, can 
obviously tell against her." 

But as a golfer, pore and 
simple, “she has all the shots. 
She can hook or cut when 
necessary, and play delightful 
little pitches. She has a golfing 
brain and a good temperament. 
I've never seen a giri with her 
talent." And this, from the man 
who once taught Kitrina Doug- 
las, British champion in 1982, 
and now well launched on a 
professional career. 

Even allowing for a teacher's 
natural devotion to a star pupil, 
this is praise indeed. Yet there is 
no substitute for experience, and 
the old guard may not feel the 
lull weight of Miss Shapcott's 
challenge for another year or 

PohFs extra hole win 

Fort Worth (AP) — Dan Pohl, 
of the United States, holed an 
eight-foot putt for a birdie on 
the first extra hole to win the 
Colonial National Invitation 
tournament on Sunday. 

Pohl, aged 31. had to make an 
eight-foot putt for a par on the 
final bole of regulation play to 
tie with Payne Stewart at 205. 
which was five under par for an 
event that was cut to 54 holes by 
heavy rain on Saturday. 

They went immediately to the 
16th. a par three, on the 
Colonial Country Cub course 
for the play-off. Stewart, who 
has beat there before with 

similar results, hit a three-iron 
over the top of the flag. 

Pohl put his tee shot about 
eight feet from the flag. After 
Siewan played a deft, delicate 
little chip to within tap-in 
distance of the cup, Pohl rolled 
in the winner 

Pohl's victory, set up by a 
final round of 68, was worth 
SI 08,000 (about £75,000). 

stated): 20&D floW. 68. 68, 6&P Stewart 
72. 6?. 66. 207: T Watson. 75. 68.64; 8 
Lsrenr (WQ). 70. 70, 67; W Rogers, 67. 71, 
68. 208:0 Frmt 70.71, 67; MsuHvax 70, 
6ft 6 Sauars. 68. 72. 70. 20ft P 
Aanger, 75. 67. 67; R Blade, 71. 6ft 70. 
British score: 21& K Brown. 74. 72. 73. 

Laudrup may be used in deeper role 

Surprisingly beaten by Nor- 
way, Denmark, Scotland's first 
opponents in Mexico, may think 
again about their new tacticai 
plan. Sepp Plontek. their man- 
ager. wants u> play Michael 
Lnadrap of Jnventus in a deeper 
role, enabling the more robust 
and “braver" Berggreen, who 
has jast joined Roma from Pisa, 
to play in the penalty area. 

In Italian football, Laudrup 
has earned the reputation of a 
gifted player who disappears 
when the going gets tough. 

There seems every chance 
that Berggreen 's Room will be 
thrown out of next season's 
UEFA Cap, at an estimated loss 
in receipts of £23 mUKon. The 
three-man committee set op by 
UEFA, consisting of a Porta- 
gnese, an Austrian and a Swiss, 
has rec omm ended that Roma's 
president. Senator Dino Viola, 
be brought before the disci- 
plinary sub-committee, having 
admittedly given a hundred mo- 
tion lira to intermediaries to 
bribe Vautrot, the French ref- 
eree of the Roma-Dundee 



Brian GtanvKe 

United European Cup semi-final 
of 1984. Vautrot never saw a lira 
of iq the intermediaries, both 
now awaiting prosecution, sim- 
ply walked off with the money. 

In Italy, Viola was found 
guilty by tire Italian Federation, 
but got off with a slap on the 
wrist because of an absrad rule 
which stales that any culpable 
act be punished by the end of the 
year following the season in 
which it occurred. 

UEFA have no such roles; n or 
win they take the cosy Italian 
riew that Roma as a dub are not 
responsible for Viola's trans- 
gression. If be goes down (and it 
seems inevitable since the Ital- 
ian Federation have found him 
guilty, even if the case goes to 
appeal), then so do Roma. 

In the continuing fixed odds 
betting investigation by Turin 

magistrates, the plot thickens 
daily. Bari, the dub for whom 
Paul Rideout and Gordon 
Cowans play, are under in- 
vestigation for two games drawn 
this season against Pisa, and two 
drawn last season agfonst 
Padova. Their popular general 
manager. Franco Janich, has to 
explain several tapped tele- 
phone calls. 

Rideout, meanwhile, looks un- 
likely to be bought by Torino, 
whose manager, Rsdke. re- 
marked: “I know him very little, 
and one has to decide very 
carefully whether one should 
spend billions on someone who 
is relatively unknown." 

Pre-World Cup injuries and 
withdrawals continue to beset 
the various team s. Having lost 
their fine right winger, Antonio 
Abamendi, who broke a leg 
playing a friendly for Bogota 
against Milliooarios, the 
Urograms will doubtless turn to 
the equally talented, little 

Portugal, who play England In 


First division 

Liverpool 422610 6 
Eveiton 4226 8 8 

VteaHamUM 4226 610 
Manchester UKJ 42221010 
StoffeMWetl 42211011 
Chelsea 42201111 
Arsenal 4220 9 13 

Nottingham For 42191112 
Luton Town 42161212 
Tottenham 4219 815 
ItewcssteUUI 42171213 
Watford 42161115 

CJPR 4215 7 20 

Southampton 42 12 1020 
Manchester City 42 11 1219 
Aston VBia 42101418 
Coventry C«y 42111021 
Oxford United 42101220 
LacesterCity 42101220 
ipswichTown 4211 S23 
B rm k tg ham CHy 42 8 529 
westraormcn 42 41226 

Third division 

4629 710 
4628 911 
462315 0 
482314 9 
48 2? tail 
4822 915 
462011 15 
48 19 14 13 
4015 922 

4614 1220 

4615 823 
4811 1017 
4612 925 
48 M 1025 
4611 lOS 

Second division 

Scottish premier division 






Plymouth Argyto 
Derby County 

Nolls County 
Bristol City 
Doncaster Rwrs 


Bo u rnemouth 
Bristol Rovers 

Bolton Wandra 

Newport County 

Lincoln C4y 
Cardiff City 



F A Pts 
89 37 88 

87 41 86 
74 40 84 
70 36 76 
63 54 73 
57 56 71 
48 <7 69 
69 53 68 

61 44 68 
74 52 

88 72 
69 62 

53 64 
51 62 
43 57 45 
51 67 44 
48 71 43 

62 80 42 

54 76 42 
32 55 41 
30 73 29 
35 99 24 

F A Pts 

87 51 94 

88 53 87 

80 41 84 
82 48 83 

81 54 79 
90 64 75 
77 58 71 
71 60 71 

89 80 88 
58 01 88 
45 52 64 
66 55 63 


65 72 64 

51 75 54 
61 64 S3 

54 68 53 

52 65 51 
63 6? *9 

55 77 

53 83 . 

57 98 43 
43 87 43 

Nor w ich CHy 
Crystal Pel 
Sheffield UW 
OWftem «h 

Stake CHy 
Bradford Ctty 
Leeds United 
Ortms&y Town 

4225 9 8 
422211 9 
4221 13 8 
4222 713 
4219 914 
421713 12 
4217 916 

4217 817 

4218 818 
4210 620 
4215 819 



Huddersfield Tn 42141018 
Shrewsbury Tn 4214 919 
Suwenand 42131118 
BtocMJutnRvre 42121317 
GartaleUtd 4213 722 
MMdiestmwgh 42 12 921 
ftjfftam 4210 826 

Fourth division 

4632 8 8 
462315 8 
482118 9 
4619 13 14 
462010 16 
4618 1018 
4818 918 
4617 920 
461514 17 
4617 7 22 
4615 9 22 
4615 S22 
46 91027 

Swindon Town 
Mansfield Town 
Port vale 

Colchester Utd 
Hartlepool Utd 
Southend Utd 

Hereford Utd 

Crewe Mex 

Scunthorpe Utd 



Exeter City 
CambndgB utd 

Torquay UW 

F A Pts 
84 37 64 
78 45 77 
58 37 76 
69 41 73 

57 52 66 
65 55 64 
64 63 82 
62 61 60 
64 65 59 
48 50 57 
84 64 56 
47 50 56 
51 63 54 
56 72 53 

58 62 52 

51 87 82 

52 64 51 
47 61 50 

53 62 49 
47 71 46 

44 53 45 

45 69 36 

F A Pts 

82 43102 

83 50 84 
74 47 81 

67 37 79 
79 64 72 
88 63 70 

68 67 70 
79 58 64 

69 67 64 
74 73 64 
63 71 64 
54 B1 63 
68 80 60 
60 65 59 
50 55 58 
68 74 58 
52 64 56 
57 77 55 
74 73 54 
60 71 64 
47 59 54 
86 80 SA 
54 89 43 
43 88 37 


Dundee Utd 




St Mirren 




P w D L F 
382010 6 67 
362010 6 59 
381811 7 99 
361612 8 02 

3813 914 53 

3814 715 45 
3613 518 42 
3611 618 49 
38 7 623 33 
36 6 8 22 29 

A Pts 
38 50 
33 50 
31 47 
31 44 
45 35 
51 35 
63 31 
63 ZS 
66 20 
77 20 

Scottish first division 




Forfar Ath 

East File 








Ayr limed 

Aka Athletic 

P W O L 
3924 8 7 
3818 813 
391611 12 
391411 14 
3913 917 
39 91713 
39 61419 

F A Pts 
77 44 58 

57 39 46 
82 49 44 
51 43 44 
54 48 43 


53 64 36 
51 50 35 

58 64 35 

48 59 36 
43 54 34 
41 60 31 

49 74 28 

Scottish second division 



392311 5 





3923 9 7 





3918H 10 





3919 812 




Stirling Mi 

3918 813 




0t Johnstons 

3918 615 





3916 818 





3915 9 15 




Rann Raven 

3915 717 





3914 816 





3811 622 





39 71121 




Albion ftovan 

39 8 823 





38 9 5 25 




Monterrey, wfln be without one 
of their best defenders, the 
Benfica foil back, Vefoso, who 
has withdrawn from the squad. 
Initially, it was thought he was 
injured, but his dub colleague. 
Bento, ForfngaTs goalkeeper, 
now says that Vefoso recently 
failed a dope test. 

As for Iraq, who have just 
changed their manager again 
and lost their president, who has 
resigned, two of their forwards, 
AU Hussein and Nahmid Arid, 
are most doubtful- Each hrat bis 
right leg in training, soon after 
the team’s arrival in Mexico. 

The Hungarians are worried 
about Tiber Nyilasi, the tail, 
ban attacker, who was sent off 
in the 1978 World Cnp in 
Buenos Aires against Argentina. 
He has recently had an opera- 
tion on his back, ami is feeling 
the consequences. 

As for Brazil, casualties 
abound. Only on Friday will 
their manager. Tele Santana, 
announce his 22 men. Zico, 
Cerezo, Edinbo and Dircen are 
all nursing w orr yin g injuries. 

Though the West Germans 
are delighted with the return 
from a long absence through 
injury of Rod! VoUer, the enure 
forward who missed most of the 
season, they are perturbed by 
(he condition of Karl-Heinz 
Rnmmenigge, whom Vdller says 
he misses greatly. Rnmmenigge. 
who caused such turmoil by 
insisting on playing in the 1982 
World Crap fiiml while clearly 
unfit, says he will recover from 
his polled muscle. But at the 
moment, he does not dare to 

• Brian Glanville is Football 
Correspondent of the Sunday 

Angry Fellows 

Walsall supporters are plan- 
ning High Court action in 
their fight to prevent the dub 
moving to share Birmingham 
City's St Andrews Ground. 
Roy Wh alley, a Walsall share- 
holder. who wants the club to 
continue playing at Fellows 
Park, was taking legal advice 
yesterday hoping to start High 
Court action to prevent the 
Football League considering 
the ground-sharing scheme 
next Thursday. He wants the 
matter to be discussed at a full 
meeting of shareholders be- 
fore the League is asked to 
make a decision- 


Coutts scores 
full marks 

From a Correspondent 

Great Britain's eight-man rifle 
team averaged 98 out of 100 to 
beat Canada by 28 points at the 
West Indies international meet- 
ing here. 

Michael Coutts, a chartered 
accountant from Putney, who 
has been in international shoot- 
ing since be was a schoolboy, 
achieved maximum marks, with 
every shot, at 300 and 600 yards, 
in the bull’s-eye. 

With one more match to 
come, against Canada and West 
indies, ihe tourists have col- 
lected 54 gold medals, pins a 
number of silver and bronze, in 
team and individual events in 
Jamaica, Trinidad . and 

RESULTS: Honda Ctirtenw Trophy: 1, 
Great Britain. 784pts: 2. Canada. 756. 
British sc ore s : 100: M Coutts. 9ft C 
Amsteto. C O'Brien, P Drew, J Car- 
michael. 97: W Richards. 96: S Gray. 95: K 


Craven has 
a sting 
in the tail 

By Pad Martin 

With the sporting and politi- 
cal combat over the un- 
authorized New Zealand tour to 
South Africa still raging, 
Australia's players have already 
began moving on a similar, 
seemingly inexorable, comae to- 
wards another such rebrifioo. 

Sooth Africa's imitation for a 
13 match, tiuee-Test official 
Australian (onr there next year 
has a sharp sting in the tafl. Dr 
Danie Craves, the Sooth Af- 
rican Rugby Board chairman, 
has warned that nnless Us 
Australian ^ountexparts make a 
genuine and determined effort to 
bring the tow about, despite 
their government's disap proval, 
an anantharized visit by their 
players may be arranged. 

Speaking to The Times, Dr 
Craven said the Australians 
should at least officially accept 
the invitation. “If they say yes 
and the government says no, 
we’d fern them," said Dr 
Clraven. Conversely, If the of- 
ficial tear collapsed, ft “cook! 
be" that a Sooth African provin- 
cial mnoa (as had happened with 
the present New Zealand visit/ 
would invite the Australian play- 
ers instead. 

The Australian government 
has already conde m ned plans 
fbr an official tear, dedaring It 
would withdraw its fina n cia l 
support for next year’s world 
toaraament to be staged jointly 
with New Zealand. 

Several leading Australian 
players have frequently visited 
Sooth Africa with invitation 
teams; Rodney Goold would be a 
strong candidate to lead any 
rebel team. Most important may 
be the role of Alan Jones, 
Australia's coach when they won 
the grand slam. He was fried in 
Soon Africa several months 
ago, even gaining an audience 
with the president, when raging 
renamed riigby links and attack- 
ing his own government's doable 

Jones has now gives his own 
Australian Union a dear whiff 
of the p otenti al “player power" 
that coaid be mastered. Declar- 
ing that “intelligent people are 
not going to be btadmuiled" by 
the sprats minister's pronounce- 
ments. he added: “Nothing be 
says can deny the right of yonm 
Australian footballers to — de- 
cide where they play theft- game 
and who they play against." 

Jones, not u ni ver sa lly pops- 
ter, may be loath to be asso- 
ciated mth any rebel tear now, 
with the scries against New 
Zealand around the comer and 
next year’s world tournament in 
sight. Any rebel tear waste came 
only aAar the world toatmunent. 
Dr Craven has a further trick op 
his sleeve. He points oat that if 
fbr any reason the Aostralhms 
do not come there are a number 
of teams (or their players) who 
could be approached to visit race 
the world tournament is over. 


Foiled Thompson: 
stands by his ! 
imperfect canvas 

From Pat Butcher, Athletics Correspondent, .Arles, France 
There cannot have been a jored. Greg, *as 

more singular person than Da- 
ley Thompson in this sleety 
Provencal town in the century 
since Vincent Van Gogh mani- 
fested his own particular mad- 
ness by. cutting off his ear after 
an argument .with Paul Gaugra- 

Thompsoo has not cut on his 
tongue (yet)- B 111 be not 

it much after slights, imagined 
or otherwise, justified or not, 
from the Press. Fortunately, like 
Van Gogh’s painting, 
Thompson’s performance 
speaks for itself 

He did almost trip out. an 
admission yesterday morning 
that the pole vault on Saratov 
was the problem, as was the high 
jump on Saturday, which kept 
his decathalon score down to 
8,667 points, a total which has 
been bettered only by himself 
and Jurgen Hingsen. After a 
break in decathalon com- 
petition of almost two years 
since bis second Olympic vic- 
tory. that is more than adequate 
preparation fbr the defence of 
his Commonwealth and Euro- 
pean titles this summer. 

There must be something 
about Essex, as a suing of 
Cortina owners would doubtless 
vouchsafe. For Thompson's Es- 
sex and Newham Beagles col- 
league, Eugene dikes, set a 
personal best here, as did Kim 
Haeger, from the Beagles's <fis- 
taffclub, Essex Ladies. 

Gilkes’s 7,889 points will 
have earned him a Common- 
wealth Games place alongside 
Thompson since this was the 
official trial for the Englishmen. 

Brad McStnrvick, the Scot 
who competes in the famous 
Gotzis decathlon in Austria next 
weekend, is the likely candidate 
for the third European team 
place. With Fi delis Obikwu, 
who was third in the 1982 
Commonwealth Games, in- 

shghtly below his best with 
7.457 points here, will probably 
go \o Edinburgh. ' 

As for Hagger. she wffl now 
find herself marginal favourite 
for the Commonwealth Games 
title ahead of Jody Simpson, 
whom she beat for the first tinx^ 
in a beptathalott. It seems thalP 
Giya is Nunn, the Olympic 
champ ion- from Australia, may 
only be doing the 100 mctn» 
hurdles in Edinburgh. 

Hagger achieved her best-ever 
score of 6.259 despite injuring 
her right (lake -off) foot during 
her exceptional 1.90 metres high 
jump on Saturday- Since this 
four-a-side match (both contests 
were won by the French teams) 
was cot the official trial for ihc 
English women’s Common- 
wealth team, it is imperative, 
both for^^^ej rf hCT ^d ^ 

ogy of later championship com- 
petition. that Hamer be spared 
the official trial for the English 
team in a mouth's time. She has 
done more titan enough to gai^ 
both Commonwealth and Gin? 
pean selection 

That she manages all of the 
training necessary to achieve 
four personal bests out of seven 
events last weekend b meritori- 
ous enough, but she also fits it 
into a 30-hour working week. 

When one considers, in this 
new professional age of athlet- 
ics, that she has been told that 
the heptaxhtetes do not qualify 
to be partof the British Athletics 
Promotion Unit subvention 
package, which ensures mbs 
domestic athletes get payment 
commensurate wife their ef- 
forts, then that is an insult, not 
only to Hagger and Simpson, 
but also to the other four 
women, who afl managed per- 
sonal best scores in a marvellous? 
weekend for British athletics. 


Spencer keeps the 
world guessing 

By Michael Scott 

The question of whether 
Freddie Spencer, the world 
champion^ has given up racing 
hovered in the heat haze at 
Monza at the weekend as his 
rival fellow American, Eddie 
Lawson, won the race and took a 
27-point championship lead. 

Spentxr, 250cc and SOOcc 
champion last-year, has yet to 
score in 1986. He retired from 
the Spanish Grand Prix while in 
a commanding lead, suffering 
from tendonitis in his right 
wrist. . 

The problem has persisted, 
and Spencer, from Shreveport, 
Louisiana, missed the Italian 
race ip the hope that massag e 
treatment might help him gain 
fitness in time for next Sunday’s 
German Grand Prix. If not, he 
will . need- an operation, and 
could be out, for at least six 
weeks, missing all but three of 
II races. 

However, Spencer’s race 
attendance in the past has been 
erratic; he has shown himself 
more interested in champion- 
ships than individual wins. Pad- 
dock speculation at Monza 
favoured the idea that Spencer 

would not return. He was not 
available for comment 

Already ranked with such 
outstanding names as Jfacomo 
Agostini and Mike Hailwood, 
Spencer has nothing left to 
prove, and may even be borate 
He has said: “I do not seem ysel? 
racing into my late 20s." He will 
be 25 in December this year. 

His departure would cast a 
long shadow. It would redouble 
the pressure on bis team-mate, 
the British-based Australian. 
Wayne Gardner, fit only his 
second full season, Gardner had 
hoped to spend another year 
learning. “Honda have said 
there is no extra pressure, but 
obviously I want to do the best I 
can. especially with Freddie 
away," be said. Gardner won in 
Spain, but a start fine collision 
in Italy pat him out of the 

It also puts Honda in a Spot- 
Having fost the talented Randy 
Mamola, they are not short of 
troops. It n expected the 
Frenchman, Raymond Roche, 
will be given the latest V-# 
Honda next week. 


Dutch champions win 
fourth European title 

By Joyce Whitehead 

HGC, of The Netherlands, 
beat Borispol, of the Soviet 
Union, 3-1 in the final of the 
European Cup for dub cham- 
pions to win the tournament for 
the fourth year in succession. 

Glasgow Western bad to settle 
for fourth place after being 
beaten 4-1 by Leverkusen, of 
West Germany. The Scottish 
side took life lead early in the 
first half and put up a spirited 
effort but they were not accurate 
enough. Lynn Forsyth got away 
several times/ but toiled to 
receive sufficient support - and 
did not have enough skill to go it 
alone. Moira MacLeod, ; their 
captain, had a splendid game. 

Ipswich took fifth place by 
beating Portadown, of Northern 
Ireland, 3-0. A goal in the sixth 
minute by Tracey WOce re- 
stored their confidence and by 
halftime Helen Bray bad scored 

the other two, making herself 
the third top goalscorer of the 

Ironically, Ipswich spent 
much of the game in defence, 
with the Portadown players, 
Violet McBride and Adele Scott, 
making telling inroads into their 
circle, but Penelope Dunnett 
defended her goal well and when 
Ipswich did break awaf', 
Portadown bad no answer; 
Cwmtawe (Wales) -were placed 
eighth. It was a good champion- 
ship supported by thousands of 

Bow Western 1. Other BrttM) ecurac 
Cwmtawe (Wales) 1; HGC 5L. Portadown 

EUROPEAN CUP: Hok peal A: Tenssa 
Bp) 6, Amataora Qt) 0; UNentaret <wQ| 6* 
ucrie Sport (8aQ 2_ Pool B: Kampono 
(Netti) B BeKast O; AJma Ate (USSfc)£ 
SuboBcanka [Yub)D. 

World rugby at the crossroads 

Before the end of this month 
England will announce the party 
of 40 to SO players to prepare for 
next year's inaugural world 
tournament, an event which 
underlines as much as any other 
the crossroads which world 
rugby has now reached. 

The tournament represents an 
open door to countries which 
hitherto have played tittle direct 
pan in world affairs. It is an 
-open door too -to commer- 
cialism and a challenge to 
amateurism, which is shivering 
already from the threat posed by 
South Africa should that coun- 
try be set adrift by its peers on 
the International Board. 

It will also offer straight- 
forward comparisons rn playing 
standards which may not be 
entirely complimentary to the 
four borne countries, whose 
season just ended contained the 
usual mixture of virtues and 
vices which have become 
commonplace in the British 
game: poorly worded laws have 
led to iB-rcceived playing inter- 
pretations; violence on the field 
to court actions, reaction by 
ref erees and counter-action by 
national unions; skilful am- 
bitious rugby sacrified-to' over- 
ambitious fixture making. 

What of the good news? What 
of thr enjoyment the game 
brings to thousands each week- 
end without a fist raised in anger 
in a hard physical game? What 

of the fun of watching Jonathan 
Davies playing for Neath or 
Wales, of sharing, however 
vicariously, in the unbeaten 
season of Shannon, triple cham- 
pions of Munster, of Bangor 
winning the Ulster Cup in their 
centenary season, of Ha wide 
and Bath mainfamirtg their 
command on the dub game in 
Scotland and England, of the 
immensely talented Mark Ring 
returning from a horrid injury to 
help Cardiff to anothe r - welsh 

What of the devotion of the 
unrecognized hundreds who 
teach mini-rugby; who coach in 
schools and dubs (a report 
readied me this month from the 
Yorkshire Schools Sports 
Federation, whose secretary, 
Dick Endalls. emphasizes toe 
“thousands of school masters 
and mistresses who are totally 
dedicated to their children in 
more ways than the 
classroom"): who .encourage 
women's rugby? 

‘ Perhaps we like our success' 
stories on the heroic. Male; if so^ 
heroism has been in limited 
supply in Britain. Too many 
penalties, too little imagination, 
no obvious signs that things will 
get better, professional critical 
standards applied to what re- 
mains an amateur game. Yet the 
little shoots of tope remain, 
popping up their green heads 

into an inhospitable spring and 
giving promise of . a happier 

There has been intelligence, 
dedication and athleticism from 
Scotland, who win also reap the 
benefit of their recently con- 
eluded tour in trance by having 
a stronger squad of players from 
which to choose, the leading 
Welsh players, too, will be 
-thoroughly sieved during their A 
and B lours this coming month. 

Ireland remain a permanent 
manifestation of the hope that 

springs eternal and England 

ah England. Despite having had 
a better season, in terms of 
results, than for the tost three 
years, England remain the whip- 
ping toys of the critics; why 
expectations should remain 
pretematuraUy high when we 
overplay our players, confuse 
them with foe demands of one 
faction or the other in the . 
competitive structure and reso- 
lutely avoid the development of 
dulls which were once basic to 
English teaching, 1 do not know. 

But the times are changing, it 
has taken five wasted years for 
the recommendations of the 
Burgess Report to be accepted 
but it now looks as if there will ' 

be both a divisional- champion- 
ship and a dub leagne structure 
within two years. More players 
are confing to realize that if they 
wish to contend with , foe best, 
and stay ahead of the rest of the 

world's field, they will have to 
work much harder at their game. 

The chief value of the recent B 
tour to Italy was the chance fi£: 
England's selectors to empha- 
size foe need for greater fitness, 
fewer games and greater ifl- 
dividpaJ responsibility. There 
will shortly be the rustle of 
papers stating positive require- 
ments for English success, the 
need to distinguish a style of 
play common to representative 
sides from schools to seniors. 

During the summer the 
Northern thvjsi onr will host foe 
conference on selection and 
coaching; the London division 
plans skill clinics early next 
season and, who knows, some 
forward- thin Ic ing organizations 
might import a tew Adidas balls 
so that players who will be in 
Australia next year for ihe world 
tournament can fiunillaMj 
themselves with the match bab^ 

Most encouraging of all Is the 
remark attributed to Serge 
Blanco, the French full back, in 
the current edition of Rugby 
international. “I play for 
pleasure," be said. *T always 
have done thaL lam grateful for 
what rugby has given me. I doul 
want to be paid. If players are . 
paid in the future that is got# 
for them maybe. But I am happf 
as an amateur.** , 


David Hands 

- Rugby Corresponded 

\ - 
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■' V. ( 


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7Hi£ liMfcS iUc£L>Ai Mai aiu i?ou 

j to 

1 1 

Today’s television and radio programmes !*U£ 55 **”' 


% % s . 

. I: 

6.00 Ceefax AM. News 
headlines, weather, travel 
and spons bulletins. 

6.50 Breakfast Time with Prank 
Bough and Selina Scott 
Weather at B.55, 7-25. 

7.55, 5.25 and 8.55; 
regional news, weather 
and traffic at 6 j 57, 7.27, 
7.57 and 627; national and 
international news at 7.00, 

7.30. 820. 8.30 and 9.00; 
sport at 7.20 and 8.20; a 

* review ot the morning 
newspapers at 827. Plus, 
the junior and adult 
.... • phone-in advice lines: 
gardening hints from Alan 

- T nch marsh: and a recipe 
from Glynn Christian. The 
quest is Tom Stoppard. 

9.20 the Goods Kitchen. 

Shirley Goode prepares a 
quick and inexpensive 
pizza, iri 9.35 Ceetax 
10.20 Play School, 

ented by Jane Hardy, 
guest is Brian 

fG.40 Sport Aid Cricket Viv 
Richards captains the all- 
conquering west indies in 
a chanty game at 
EEdgbaston against a Rest 
of tne World team led by 
David Gower. Peter west 
introduces coverage of the 
morning session of the 50 
overs a side match. The 
commentators are Richie 
Benaud and Tony Lewis. 

I. 05 News After Noon witn 

, Richard Whitmore and Sue 
Carpenter, includes news 
headlines with subtitles. 

1.30 Regional news. The 
weather details come from 
Ian McCaskill. 

125 Sport Aid Cricket Further 
coverage of the 50-overs a 
side game at Edgbaston 
between the West indies 
and the Rest of the World 
322 Regional news. 

- 3.55 The Amazing Adventures 
of Morph, presented by 
Tony Hart, (r) 4.00 Pigeon 
Street (r) 4.10 Laurel and 
Hardy. Cartoon version 
4.15 Jonny Biggs. The 
, final episode on he serial 

- about a young men living 

.» with ms parents m the 

north of England, (r) 425 
Liftoff! with David 

5.00 John Craven’s 
Hewsraund 5.10 Gentle 
Ben. Adventures of a 
young man with a pet 

■* bear. Stamng Dennis 

*'* Weaver and Clint Howard. 
5.35 Rotf Harris Cartoon 

6.00 News with Sue Law ley and 
Nicholas Witcheli. 


6.35 London Plus presented 
by Jeremy Paxman. Linda 
' . Mitchell end Caroline 


720 Terry and Jura. The 
unexpected nap pens 
wnen Terry reluctantly 
agrees to play host to an 
Arab client of Sir Dennis’s. 
?" fr) 

7.30 EastEnders. (Ceefax) 

. 3.00 Juliet Brava Tne arcus 
arrives at Hartley for a 
one-night performance. 
The next day a 14-year-old 
qjrt disappears along with 
£200 of her mother's 
, - money, fr) (Ceefax) 

830 Points of View. Barry 
Took dips into the BBC's 

9.00 News with JuHa Somervrite 
and Andrew Harvey. 

930 The Kenny Everett 

Television Show. Another 
selection of zany comedy 
sketches from the 
comedian's earlier series'. 
•935 Miami Vice. Crockett and 
Tubbs come into contact 
with a former CIA man- 
lumed-KGB egent who is 

now on the hit list of both 

> organisations. (Ceefax 1 
10.45 Film 88. Barry 

reports from me Cannes 
Film Festival. Mr Norman 
interviews the top 
personalities attending the 
festivities and comments 
on the films being judged, 
among them Roman 
Polanski's Pirates, 
starring Walter Matthau, 
which opens the FestivaL 

II. 15 Summer of 66. John 

Motson introduces 
highlights from Portugal's 
1966 World Cup footoaH 
* matches agamst Hungary 
and Brazil. 

> 11.50 Weather. 

6-15 Good 


, . .rme 

Jamond and Nick Owen. 
Nawswfth Gordon 


sport at 640 and 7 
exercises at 6.55; cartoon 
at 7^; pop video at 7.55; 
Jem Barnett's postbag at 
8.40; promiscuity and 
fidelity discussed by Anna 
Raeburn. Renata Olins 
and Claire Rayner at 103. 


®-25 Thames news headlines. 

*■30 For Schools! greetings for 
different occasions. For 
the hearing impaired, 9.50 
Natural history of ordinary 
surroundings 10.09 
Exploring the seashore 
1CL28 Btotogy; the 
isolation and growth of 
bacteria 1048 The insect 
world 11.10 A country 
town's services 
contrasted with those of a 
big City 11.27 Keeping 
healthy 1144 EngKsh: 

124)0 CoeSesheH Bay. Seaside 
adventures of ttw Cockle 
twins. For the very young 
12.10 Rainbow. Learning 
made fun bv puppets, (r) 
12^0 The SuHvans. 

1.00 News atOw 1^0 Thames 
news presented by Robin 
Houston 1-30 Ftfty/FHty. 
The two private detectives 
help a dress designer find 
out who is trying to steal 
his designs and push him 
out of business. Starring 
Lynda Carter and Lon! 


railway cuts are 
by Barbara Castle, 

Richard Hope and Alfred 
Sherman. Presented by 
Christian Dymond. 34)6 
University Challenge. 3.25 
Thames raws headlines 
3L30 The Young Doctors. 

4.00 Cockleshell Bay. A repeat 
of the programme shown 
at noon. 4.10 The 
Blunders. Cartoon series. 
4.20 Sooty, presented by 
Matthew Corbett 425 

Cartoon 445 Splash. 
Magazine progarmme In 
which the viewers choose 
the subjects. 

5 15 S.W-A.LK. Episode four Of 
the series about a young 
girl whose life is ruled by a 
magazine's agony aunt (r) 

5.45 News. 

6.00 Thames news. 

&25 Reporting London. 

Michael Wilson talks to 
police, teachers ano pupils 
about whether or not 
police should be banned 
from London's schools; 
and Graham Add icon 
examines the nuclear fall- 
out shelter business. 

7.00 Emmerdale Farm. Jack 
Sugden has to thwart 
Joe's plans for NY 

7.30 Duty Free. Comedy series 
about two British cou] ' 
on holiday in Spain. (1 

8.00 Magnum. The private 
detective, investigating a 
particularly tricky case, is 
assisted by an over- 
imaginative novelist 

9.00 Edward and Mrs 
Simpson. Part three of the 
mini-series starring 
Edward Fox and Cynthia 
Harris in the titte rotes. On 
the death of George V, 
Edward becomes kina but 
resents the situation mat 
keeps him apart from his 
beloved Walks. Their affair 
becomes public and Mrs 
Simpson announces that 
she will divorce her 
husband. Prime Minister 
Baldwin asks the king if he 
can stop her from doing 
this, (continued after the 

10.00 News at Ten and weather. 

10.30 Edward and Mn Simpson 

continued, (r) 

11 JO Film: Delay ed Action* 
(1954) starring Robert 
Ayres, June Tnorbum and 
Aian Wheatley. Mystery 
thriller about a desperate 
man. on the point of killing 
himself, who receives a 
life-line in the form of an 
unusual offer from an 
international criminal. 
Directed by John Harlow. 

12.35 Night Thoughts. 

(Channel 4. 3.00pm) is a largely 

forgotten Ealing comedy that 
has historical interest as an early 
example of cinema hitting 
back arietevjsjor. Apprt 
the film was made in 19* 
when, thanks to the Coronation, 
television tor the first bme 
pulled in a bigger audience than 
radio and gave notice to the 
cinema that a powerful rival was 
being established in the 
sitting room- Ealing's attack on 
the small screen - based on 
a play by Arnold ftidiey, later to 
become a television star in 
Pad's Army — was 
cfcaractortsticaflygentle. j 

don't want it to be thought" , said 
Ealing's boss. Sir Michael 
Baicon, "that we made the 

Gordon Jackson in Meet Mr picture in a bad tamper.'' But 
Lucifer, Channel 4, 3.00pm ~ the point is made ctearfy enough. 

Stanley Holloway plays me 
Demon King of a pantomime who 
falls through a trap door and 
finds himself in hell, where he 
teams up with his alter ego. 
the devil, to ensure that 
television will bnng 
unhappiness to those who watch 
it. It also stars Kay Kendali 
and Gordon Jackson and such 
television celebrities of tne 
time as Philip Harben and 
McDonald Hobfev. 

(Radio 4. B.30pm) stems from the 
chance discovery m a 
Copenhagen bookshop of the 
memoirs of the composer, 

Carl Nielsen. Kennem McLeish. 
who found the book, has 
selected extracts which not only 
illuminate Nielsen's early life 

but reveal mm as a writer 
tnfcrmed by the same gentte 
lyricsm that he later employed m 
his music itwasanard 
upbringing. Nielsen s tathar was 
a consumptive farm labourer 
and the boy was working to swell 
the family's meagre income 
from the age of eight. But ne 
wrote o! his childhood in the 
rural Denmark of the 1 8“0s 
without bitterness Nielsen 
escaped nis unpromising 
background through a 
precocious takent tor music. A{ 
14 he was a regimental 
bandsman and at 17. armed with 
a strng quarrel and a lack of 
inhibition, he successfully 

applied to jo m tne 
Conservatoire at Copenhagen. 
He became his country's 
leading classics! composer. 

Peter Waymark 

BBC 2. 

(L55 Opan University: 

Equilibrium Rules, OK? 
Ends at 7.20. 

94)0 Ceefax. 

9.35 Daytime on Two: the start 
of the school year in 
Austria &52 Textile 
studies 10.15 The final 
programme In the sex 
education series for etght- 
to 10-year olds 10438 Has 
Brazil s economic 
development been shared 
by all tne country's 
population? 11.00 The 
streets of Pompeii 11.17 
Walrus 114)9 Biotas 
genetics 124)2 
tor 10- to 12-year olds 
12.07 Ceefax 12.30 
Computers in the 
classroom, (ends at 1245) 

1.00 Pebble Mffl at One. The 
guests include artist and 
invent or Grahams Clarke 
who has his own pub at 
the bottom of his garden; 
and the Grand Theatre of 
Lemmings. Presented by 
Paul Coe. Marian Foster 
and Bob Langley. 145 
Ftogermouse. A See-Saw 
programme for the very 


« (r) 


lytnra on Two: for four- 
and five-year olds 2.15 
Everyday German 2£6 
Ceetax 240 Space 
exploration. For the 
hearing impaired 

34)0 Ceefax 

3J0 Sport AM Cricket Further 
coverage of the 50-overs- 
a-side match at Edgbaston 
between the West Indies 
and the Rest of tee World. 
Introduced by Peter West. 

7.15 Whistle Test In the studio 
this week are Public Image 
Limited, and the Smiths. 
Peter Gabriel is in his west 
country recording studio; 
and Big Country perform 
at The Hexagon. Reading. 

8.00 The Natural World: 

Invaders of Truk Lagoon. 
The creatures mat inhabit 
the world s largest artificial 
reef, created out of the 
destruction by the United 
States Navy of 60 
Japanese ships m 1944 in 
the western Pacific. 


Revised repeat). 

op Gear. How important 
is the 0 to 60mph claim of 
motor manufacturers? 
Chris Goftey reports. 

There is also news of a 
stretcher suspension 
system for ambulances. 

9M FOm: Tim (1979) stamng 
Piper Laurie and Mel 
Gibson. The season of 
Australian terns continues 
with this romantic tale 
based on tee novel by 
Colleen McCullough about 
the love affair between an 
older, sophisticated 
woman, and a slightly 
retarded labourer who is 
jealously guarded by his 
family. Directed by Michael 

10.45 NewsrtghL The latest 
national and international 
news, including extended 
coverage ot one of the 
main stories of the day. 
Presented by John Tusa, 
Peter Snow, Donald 
MacCormtek and Olivia 

11,30 Weather. 

11.35 Sport Aid Cricket 

Highlights of today s $0- 
overs-a-stae match at 
Edgbaston between West 
Inches and the Rest ot tee 
World- Introduced by 
Peter West. 

12.10 Open University: WiWam 
Tyndale. Ends at 12.40. 


2410 Their Lordships' House. A 
repeat of last night's 
highlights of the day’s 
proceedings m the House 
Of Lords. 

2L35 Ulster Landscapes. The 
Norman remans to be 
found in Down and Antrim. 

3.00 Film: Meet Mr LucHef 

® Starring Stanley 
/ay and F 

Cummings. A comedy with 
Kolloway playing tee roles 
of a pantomime Demon 
King and Ludler who 
wants him to ensure that 
ownership of a television 
means unhappiness for its 
possessors. Directed by 
Anthony PeJissier. (see 

4.30 Countdown. Yesterday's 
winner of the anagrams 
and mental arithmetic 
game is challenged by Roy 
Brown from Romsey. 
Richard Whitetey is the 
question master, assisted 
by Rula Lenska as 

5-00 Bewitched. Mayhem 
ensues when a 
neighbour's plastic lawn is 
accidentally lata in the 
Stephens' garden. Darrin 
thinks his wife has been 
using her powers of 

5 JO Nature in Focus. Part two 
of this repeat nature series 
focusses on beetles as 
Helen. Chris and Paul, go 
on a beetle safari. (Oracle) 

64)0 Marco Polo. The 

penultimate episode in the 
adventure serial about the 
life and times ot the 
celebrated explorer. 

7.00 Channel Four nows. 

7.50 Comment With his views 
on a topical subject is Ken 
Aldred, Secretary General 
of Peace Through Nato. 

8.00 Brook side. Harry's first 
driving lesson from Madge 
is a disaster; and Doreen 
is angry when Rod 
announces that he Is 
leaving school after his 

8.30 4 What It's Worth. 
Consumer affairs 
programme presented by 
Penny Junor. John 
Stoneborough mvesigates 
the phght ot some newly- 
weds whose wedding 
plans ended in disaster; 

BUI B reckon follows up an 
unpublished report by the 
Building Research 
Establishment on the 
construction standards of 
timber framed houses; and. 
David Stafford discovers 
the best buy in luggage. 

9.00 Film: How to Many a 
Millionaire (1953) starring 
Marilyn Monroe. Betty 
Grawe and Lauren Bacall. 
Comedy about three 
friends who rent an 
expensive New York 
apartment they cannot 
afford and lay plans to 
marry a millionaire each. 
Directed by Jean 

1050 The Comic Strip 

Presents- Summer School 
where the students team 
the joys ot Iron Age living, 

11.25 Archie Bunker’s Place. A 
skeleton from Murray's 
past jeopardizes his liquor 
license application. 
Starring Carroll O'Connor 
and Martin Balsam 

11.50 Their Lordships’ House. 
Highltahts of the day s 
proceedings in tee House 
of Lords. Ends at 124)5. 

c Radio 4 ) 

On long wave VHP variations zt 


5.55 Shipping 5.00 News Briering; 
Weather. 6.10 Farming 
&25 Prayer 

6.30 Today, mci &30, 7 JO, 

(L30 News 6.45 Business 
News 645, 7.55 Weather 
7.00. SLOO News 7-20 
Letters 7.2$, 825 Sport 7.45 
Thought fo tee Day 845 
Yesteidayin Parliament 8.57 

9M News 

9.05 Tuesday Ce>: 01-580 
4411. Listeners can 
express their views, and 
question experts, on 
subjects of current interest 

104)0 News; From our own 

correspondent Life and 
potties abroad. 

1040 Momma Story: A Pretty 
W3y to Die. by Pat 

10.45 Daily Service (New every 
momma, bags 1 1810) 

11.00 News, 1 ravel; Thirty- 
Minute Theatre: Letters 
from Kim. by Carole 
Haytnan. (s) 

11.33 The Living Worid. Peter 
France on me trail of 
British woodpeckers. 

12.00 News: You and Yours, 
presented by Pattie 
CoW well. 

12.27 Bram ot Britain 1985 
First round: North West. 
12J5Wesiher: Travel 

1.00 The World 31 One: News 

1.40 The Arcr.ers. 1.55 


2.00 News. Woman s Hour. 

With Sue MacGregor. 

3.00 News; The Afternoon 
Play. Men of Former 
Times, by Rob Gittms with 
Mark Wing-Davey and 
William Eadie. (s) 

4.00 News 

4.05 The Local Network. Paul 
Heiney. with the help of 
BBC local radio stations, 
examines a subject of 
current interest. 

4.30 Kaleidoscope. Last 

night's edition, repeated. 

5.00 PM: News magazine. 
5-50 Shipping 5.55 

6-00 News; Fmanoai Report 

6J0 The Soy Who Came m 
from the Cota, by John le 
Carre. Part 4. (r) is) 

7.00 News 

7.05 The Archers 

7 JO Fite on 4. Is Austria the 
last stronghold of 
Nazism ? Liz Doneky 
interviews Nazi hunter 

Simon Wiesentsh! and 
Ausma s former 
Chancellor, Bruno Krersky. 

8.00 Meocmt Now, with 
Geoff Watts. 

ft The Tuesday Feature. A 
Danish Childhood 
Selected pieces from the 
memoirs of composer 
Carl Nielsen. 

9.00 tn Touch. News, views 
and information (or 
people with a visual 

9.30 A Sideways Lock At . . . 
by Anmony Smite. 

9,45 Kaleidoscope, includes 
comment on the Mm 
Down and Out in Beverley 
H:Us. and the Cecil 
Beaton exhibition at the 

10.15 A Book at Bap time: The 
Giritn h<sPast{2|by 
Georges Simenon. 10-29 

10.30 The World Tonight 

11.15 The Financial World 

11.30 Today in Parliament 

124)0 News: Weather. 12.33 

Shipp, rt q 

VHF (av&iiaDie m England and 
S Wales only) as above 
except; 5 55-6. 00am Weather 
Travel. 11 00-12.00 For 
Schools it 4)0 Time and Tune 
ts) 17.20 rime to Move: 

11.40 Musicianship ;sj 1-55- 
3.00pm For Schools- 1.55 
Listening Comer. 24)5 
History: Not So Long Ago 
2^5 Popaiong (si 2.40 
Pictures m vour Mind 
S4B-5.S5 PM (Continued) 
1l.30-12.10cm Open 
University: 11-30 Open 
For-jm: 11.50 Nitrogen 
and me Haber Process 12.20- 
1.1Q Schools rugnt-nme 
broadcasting: Secondary 
Science- Energy 15L30 
Energy Conversion 12-50 
Alternative Energy. 

( Radio 3 ) 

On medium wave. VHF variations at 

end 01 Radio 3. 

6.55 Weather. 7.00 News 

7.05 Morning Concert: 

Stamitz t^lute Concerto 
in D. Rampal). Hanoei 
(Coronation anthem Mv 
heart is mditmc). Schubert 
(Two Scherzi. D 593: 

Lupu. piano). CoreJi 
(Concerto Grosso in D 
Cp 6 No il (LOO News 

8.05 Concert (contai: 

OHenoach (La belie 
Helena overture). Faure 
(Fantaisie for piano, 
orchestra. Op 1 1 1: Alicia de 

Larrocharpiancrt. Poulenc 
(Senate tor fkne. piano: 
Oeoost a-Kf Fevnerj. 
Ntessaoer ILG£ deux pigeons 
baitet). 9.CG News 

8.05 Tnis Week's Composer: 
Rubbra in dark weather 
(Eaves, soprano). Sanctus. 
Beneoictus, Agnus Dei. 
Gloria, from Missa 
Canmanens's (St 
Margaret s Westminster 
Singers). MedMZKte* 
soDTa Coeurs dssoies 
(Munrow and Malcolm). 
Symphony No 2. 

16.00 W'oor 3BC S-ngws m 
Mass for cnoir and two 
ora&ns. Op 36. 

10.40 Easrmari-Rochesier 

Orcnesira lunfler Fennell 
3nd tea composer). Grainger 
(Handel in Strand). 

Hansom (Sympnony No 3) 

11.20 Kathryn Stotr piano 
recital. Ravel 

(Sonahnne). LiSZt (Soneito 
104 del Petrarca: Un 
sospiro. Etudes oe concert 
No 3). Beeteoven 
(Sonata in F minor Op 57) 

12.15 BBC Welsh SO (under 
Fremaux). wnn Jean- 
Pmlipp© Collerd (piano). Part 
one. Bizet (Carmen 
suite). Ssint-Saans (Piano 
Concerto No 2). 100 

1.05 Concert (contd): Dvorak 
(Symphony No 9) 

1.50 Guitar Encores: 

Daqooeno Lmnares. 

Works oy Yiiia-Looos. and 
John Williams 

arrangement of Praetonus's 
Suite in D me/or. and 
Segovia arrangement ot 
Gran&aos's Spanish 
Dance No 10 

Z20 Switzerland: recordings 
of works by Senfl. FJL 
Meyer von Schauensee, 
Xaver Schnyder Von 
Wartensee iSymphony No 3) 
Schoeck. Theooor 
Frohhch. Frank Martin 
(PreludB No 8. with 
composer at tee piano), and 
Honegger (Symphony 

44)0 Lowri 8iake and Caroline 
Palmer (cello and piano 
recital). Marecnal 
arrangemem of Falla's 
Suite populate espagnote. 
Poulenc s Sonata and 
Luioslawski’s Grave. 
Meiamorpnoses. 4.55 

54)0 Mainly for Pleasure: 

recorded music selection 

6.30 Early Baroque Italian 
Chamber Music: 

Philomel, with Jill Feldman 
(soprano). Work s by 
Cacani. Kapsberger. Pen, 
Piccintm. d' India, van 
Eyck. Sassano. Rogmono 
and Mazzoccm (Ecco. 
Betulia aflirta) 

7.05 Prokofiev: Scottish 

National (under Jarvi) 
play the Sympnony No 4 
7.45 Gulliver Five: Play about 

the fifth vovage of 
Gulliver, starring Freddie 
Jones, written by Brian 
Wright, ir) (s) Interval reading 
at 8.45, with pan two 
loilowinq at 8.50 
9.50 Nash Ereemble. With 
Stephan Roberts 
(baritone). Includes Strauss 
songs ( Zupxmung Op 10 
No 1. Cacrtic‘Op S’ No 2. am 
oti-ers). ana works by 
Schuben (Nomimo in E flat 
for piano tno. D 897). 
Schoenberg (Ode to 
Napoleon), and 
Schumann (Piano Quartet in 
E flat. Op 47) 

11.15 Another World: A 

proaramme of music 
from tne Gamfra With 
Oembo Konte (kora), ana 
Malamtnl Jotiartah kora). 

11J7 News. 12.00 Closedown. 

VHF only: Open 
University From 6.35am 

C Radio 2 ) 

On medium wave. See Radio 1 
for VHF variations. 

News on the nour. Headlines 
530am, 630pm. 7.30 and 530. 
sports Desks 1.05pm, 2.02. 

3.02, 4.C2, 54)5, 632. 6.45 (mf 
only). 935. Cncket Scoreboard 

44K) Charles Nava (si 530 Ray 
Moore (s) 730 Derek rtameson (&) 
930 Ken Bruce (s) 11.00 
Michael As pel plus medical 
duestions answered by Dr Mike 
Smite (si 1.05pm David Jacoos (s> 
24)5 Sally Magruieson incl at 
3.03 Prune Tune 330 Dawd 
Hamilton (si 5.05 John Dunn fs) 

7.00 Bob Holness Presents, (s) 9425 
Song by Song by Sondeim. 

Stephen Sondheim talks to 
Shandan Merely (4) 9.55 Sports 
Desk 10.00 The Impressionists. 

Roy Alan with Dave Evans, 

Hilary O'Neil. Peter Goodwright and 
Brian Costiail 1030 I'm Sorry i 
Haven't a Clue. With Tim Brooke- 
Taytor. WHlle Rusmon. Barry 
Over. Graeme Garden. Chairman 
Humphrey Lyttelton 1130 Brian 
Matthew presents round Midnight 
from New York (stereo from 
midnight) 1.00am Peter Dickson 
presents Nigninde (s) 24)0-4.00 
A Lithe Night Muse (si. 

C Radio 1 ) 

On medium wave. VHF 
variations at end. 

News on tee halt hour from 
630am until 930pm and at 1233 

530 Adrian John 7.00 Mike 
Smite's Breakfast Snow 930 Andy 
Peebles 1230pm News beat 
(Frank Partridge) 12.45 Gary Davies 
(this week's Top 40 singles 
chart) 330 Mike Read 5.30 
Newsbeat (Frank Partnoge) 

5.45 Bruno Brookes (mcl at 630, 

Top 40 singles chart) 7.30 
Janice Long met Jonn waiter's 
Diary 1030-12.00 Jonn Peel (s) 

VHF RADIOS 162: 4.00am As 
Radio 2. 104)0 As Radio 1. 

1230am As Radio 2. 


6.00 News onk 630 Counterpoint 7.00 
News 709 TwenryTcmr Mows 730 wny I 
am an Atheist 7.45 Nerwor* UK 8.00 News 
80S Rellecl ions 8.15 Traiwng tm Tomor- 
row 830 Taliunc Aoout Music 9X0 News 
B.09 Review ot me British Press 9.15 Tlai 
Worn Today 930 Fmanoal News 9.43 
Look Ahead 9.45 Whai s Nbw 10X0 News 
10X1 Discovery 1130 World News 11.25 
News About Britain 11.15 WaveguKK- 
11.25 Letisr From Scortand 1130 Spans 
International 1230 Radio Newsreel 12.15 
Open Sesame' 1235 Personal Storv 

12.45 Sports RounOtiD 130 News 139 
Twentv-Four Hours 130 Network Uk 145 
Recording ol ttw Week 230 Outlook 245 
David Munrow 330 Rad* Newsreel 3-ia 
A Jolly Good Show 430 News 4.09 
Commentary 4.1S Omnibus 545 Spons 
Roundup 745 Report on Religion 830 
News 839 Twenty-Four Hours 830 
0mnbtis930 News 931 On The Bo» 9.10 
Book Choice 9.15 Concert Hall 10.00 
News 10.09 The Wona Today 1035 A 
Lene* From Scodanc 1C30 Financial 
News 1040 Pehechons 1045 Sports 
Roundup 11-00 News 11-09 Commentary 
1 1.1 5 The Pop Press 1 130 Open Sesame! 
11.5Q Personal Story 1230 News 1209 
News About Brian 12.15 Rack? Newsreel 
1230 Omnibus 130 News Summary 131 
Outlook 130 Report on RphOKJn 145 
Country Style 230 News 203 Re-ew ol 
me Brian Press 2iS ftteia' Inreriuce 230 
Ra rites 330 News 339 News AaoiX 
Bntein 3.15 The Wood Tooay 4.^ 
Financial News 435 Rellecuons 530 
News 5.09 Twenty-Four Hours 545 The 
Wcnc Today AB limes in GMT. 

FREQUENCIES: RfitfiQ 1:1053kHz«85m;108SkH2/275m; Radio 2: 693kHz/433m; 50SkK/433m: Radio 3: 12l5kH*/247m: VHF -90- 
92.5: Radio 4: 200kHz 1500m: VHF -92-95; L&C: n52kHz/251m; VHF 97.3; Capital: l54fikHz/194m: VHF 95.8; BBC Radio London 
l458kHz/206m: VHF 945; Wortd Santee MF 648kHz/463m. 

BBC1 wa twt .1 — iH > 

B 4S* . ! wales Tooay 836-730 The 
FHmsiones 930935 Wmekm Week 
out 1130-1135 News and weather 
SCOTLAND 930em-iai0 The Ge«v 
erei AsBembiy ot me Church at Scodanri 
iatD-1030 Gasman 1040-1130 
The General Assembly of ttw Cnurch ol 
Scotland S35pm-730 Reporting 
Scotland 1045-11.15FSD 1M5-11.45 
Film 86 1145-1230om Summer o< 

68 12-20-1235 weather NORTHERN IRE- 
LAND 535pct-5-40 Tpcay S Sport 
540-030 Inside Ulster S3S-7.M Roll 
Hams Cartoon Time 1130-1135 
News and weather ENGLAND SJSpm- 
730 Reponal new* magazines. 


11.1 7mv 1 138 ussier m Focus. 
SCOTLAND: 330pm-iS0 The Gen- 
eral Assembly ol tne Church ot Scotland 

channel, aasffts. 

230 Country Practice. S.15-5.45 
Sons and Deu^ners. 630 Channel Re- 
port. 630 Classic Themes 635-730 
Cross/ oaos-S-lXM 0.00 Lidias m Charge. 
1030 Victims 86 1130 The Cnamp*- 
ons 1230am Closedown. 

HI fiTPR *9 London except: 

«g 1 C i4 130pm Luncntrme. 130- 
230 Hwt to Han. 530-433 Horses 
lor Courses 515-545 S.W.A.LK. 630 
Good Evening Ulster. 635 Oary 
Dates. 635-730 Ocw^ojcii. &30-93C 
Falcon Crest. 11 30 The Sweeney. 
l23Som News. Closedown. 

QBABiPiANaa5^ 1JM 

Oardsnme Tbt^ 130 News 1 30- 
2.30 New Avengers. 5.15-5.45 
Ernmerdaie Farm. 6.03 Noon T> 
niqtit SJSC/Mtmade 730-7.30 Out 
ano About. &.OC-S.OO Hotel 11.30 
Haroccstie ano McCormics l230-n» 

News. Ckwecown 

YORJCSHiSE As London as- 


Calendar Lur>crttime ura 130 News. 
130-230 Ripndj. 330-4.00 County 
Practice 5.1 5-S4SS WALK 6-00 
Calendar. 6.35-7.00 Crossroads 1130 
Ron: t*gni, izjob m Ck-seoowo. 

ANGLIA 45 L»taon e/cepl 

- 1S30PA-1.00 Gardens for 

TYNP TFES* 510 ” 50 ""' 

I T ISC 1 cca cepr 1 _20pm News. 

AD 130 News 130-230 The Baron 
5.1 6-5. 45 Emmeroa» Farm 630 saout 
Anglia 6.3S Crvssroeos 7.00-7 30 
UouTtitrao. 1130 T J Hooker. 1230am 
Tuesday Tope. Closedown. 


Reports fJOScsrecrcwandMns 
K-ng 235-2.30 Home Cookery 130-4.00 
Sore ano Dauohters. s.15-5.45 
S WA l_K 6. DC Grenada Reports 630 
This is >cl» R>gnt 635-7.00 Cross- 
roads 113C Pigm riipni. 12.30am 

T30ScareciOw6ix:MiS»Ung 2.25- 
230 Hcxne Cockerv 5.15-645 
SWA.LK Nonnem Lire 6.35- 
r.eoCrPSMPMM 830-930 Hotel. 1130 
At Last. nsM*e Elliott 1 230 Janos 
Har»ey. Ooteoown. 

SCOTTISH *5 London e»- 

1 capr I2.30pm-1.00 

Gdwn-no Tim® 130 News 130- 
230 F'tty Fifty. 3.30 Cuairt mu n 
Cr.aidniiq - A joimev ^bout Gaeic. 
335-436 Canadian Documentary. 5.15- 
545 cmme»oaie Fann. 6.00 News 
ano Sconana Today. 635-730 Cross- 
roads 8.00-930 Murder. She Wrote 
1130 Guam mu n Ghoidhkg - A Journey 
Apout Gaeic 1135 ADoutoaeUc 
1235am Late Cali. Closedown. 

Starts 1.00pm Countdown. 

130 Alice 230 Yn eu Cynetm 
230 FlalaSalam. 235 Hyn o Fyd 
236 interval 3.10 Shakespeare Lives. , 
3.40 Ar. Englishman's Homo 4.25 
Sewnched 435HannerAwrFawr 530 
Car 54. Where Are You* 5 630 Wm- 
sren Cfiurcnm — me valient Years. 630 
Trip Ocwn Memory Lane 6-45 Sme 
Siarac 7.00 Mewyod-o" Saim. 730 
Diwrnod AqIi 503 Mapp and Luca 
935 .irorom BywyO 945 Arwvddhjn 
F tyre 3 10.15 Lies Cv-ne 11.16 
Film -5a: Roilin'. 1245am Closedown. 

CENTRAL As tonoon except. 

=sa 1 nHI = l230pm-l30Garoen- 
ino Time. 1.20 News 130-230 After- 
noon PfayTOuse 5.15-545 S.W A.L.K. 
6.00 Crossroads. 635-7.00 News. 

1130 Fignt Nignt. 1230am Closedown 
TSW As London e*cept. 130pm 
■ — News 130-230 HoieL330-430 

Sore and Daughlere 5.15 Gus 
Honevoun 5A-&J5 Crossroads. 630 
Today South West 63ST«eviewS 
635-730 Carson's Law $.00-9.00 T J 
Hooker. 1130 Postscript. 1135 Rip- 
tide 1231am doseoown 

BORDER * 5 London excepr 

== nUI ~ n 130pm News 130-230 
Riptide 330-430 Sons and Daugh- 
ters 630 Lookatound 6.35-730 Oc-SS- 
roads 830-9.00 notaL 11.30 Tales 
From the Dams-de. 1230 Closedown. 

TVC As London encepL 1 30pm 

News. 130-230 Country Prac- 
hte 5.1 5-5.45 Sons and Daugmere. 

6.00 Coast to Coast. 635 Police 5 635 
Crossroads 11.30 Tha Champions 
1230am Company Closedown. 

HTV WEST A* London a.- 
n iy.." co l cp pi 130pm News. 
130-230 The Baron 5.15-546 
SWA LK 530 News 636-7.00 Cross- 
roads BM-9.00 Mu'Oer. Sne Wrote 
1 130 Man in a Suitcase 1230am 


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TUESDAY MAY 20 1 986 


First published In 1785 

5 ****** 


Navratilova joins 


Steffi Graf beat Martina 
Navratilova 6-2, 6-3 in 65 
minutes in the singles final of 
the German women's champi- 
onships here yesterday. This 
means that Miss Graf has now 
won four professional tourna- 
ments in a row, having never 
won any before, and, in the 
process, has beaten both Chris 
Lloyd and Miss Navratilova 
for the first time. 

During this astonishing run 
of success Miss Graf, ranked 
third in the world, has also 
beaten the two players ranked 
immediately below her Clau- 
dia Kohde-Kilscb and Hana 
Mandlikova. With the reser- 
vation that Miss 
Mandlikova's fickle artistry 
can burst into an all-consum- 
ing flame at almost any time, 
Miss Graf must be recognized 
as the most threatening chal- 
lenger to the Lloyd- 
Navratilova hegemony since 1 
the prime of Tracy Austin. 

Still a month short of her 
17th birthday. Miss Graf took 
up tennis at the age of four 
when her father, who has his 
own tennis school, gave her a 
sawn-off racket. She has been 
playing almost full time since 
she was 13 and has done so 
well that academic studies 
have gradually receded into 
the background. She is still 

From Rex Bellamy, Tennis Correspondent, West Berlin 
coached by her father. Her Navratilova is one of the great 

home town, near Heidelberg, 
is not far from Boris Becker’s. 

The final here was played 
on a public holiday and the 
occasion could hardly have 
been more beautifully excit- 
ing. It was beautiful because 
the courts are tucked into the 
Grunewaid, a wonderland of 
tall trees and scattered lakes, 
and sunshine-painted scene in 
colours of go id. It was exciting 
because, in addition to nation- 
wide television coverage, the 
centre court was packed to its 
5,000 capacity as everyone 
knew that Miss Graf had at 
least an even chance. 

That “even chance" needs 
explaining. Miss Navratilova 
has won 13 grand slam singles 
titles and had never lost more 
than five games to Miss Graf 
in their three previous match- 
es. But Miss Graf is “on a roll" 
as they say. and yesterday she 
was playing on her best sur- 
face, shale, which also hap- 
pens to be Miss Navratilova’s 
worst. To some extent Miss 
Navratilova has used this 
tournament to brush up her 
shale-court expertise in readi- 
ness for the French champion- 
ships, which begin a week 

That said, it must instantiv 
be added that Miss 

players of the game's history, 
has no tolerance whatever tor 
defeat and that both factors 
were evident yesterday in a 
performance that except for 
the outcome, must have given 
her cause for satisfaction. The 
simple truth is that on this 
particular surface on this par- 
ticular occasion, Miss Graf 
was too good for her. 

This was a remarkably im- 
pressive final, in both its 
technical skills and its dramat- 
ic shifts. The first game lasted 
almost seven minutes and was 
d ar l i ng in its shot-making. 
Miss Navratilova bad four 
break points in that game but 
failed to win one and for a few 
rain mes after that was mental- 
ly on her heels and made a 
series of unforced errors. 

Miss Graf was hitting to 
such a bold length, on both 
flanks, that Miss Navratilova 
seldom had a chance to get to 
the net. Given a short return. 
Miss Graf hurled herself into 
cross-court forehands with 
such violence that even Miss 
Navratilova, who is well-built, 
seemed to sway in the draught 
From 1-4 down Miss 
Navratilova began to play 
well. She was working hard, 
too. But Miss Graf had her on 
the hook and kept her there 

long enough to land the first 
set It became dear that Miss 
Graf was much more than a 
smart baseliner with a formi- 
dable forehand. She some- 
times went to the net and 
showed much competence 

The beginning of the second 
set was an absorbing test of 
Miss Grafs competitive 
nerve. She began to nit a few 
backhands into the top of the 
net or, seeking a larger margin 
of safety, lifted the bail beyond 
the baseline or into the path of 
Miss Navratilova's volleys. 
Miss Navratilova notices 
things like that She peppered 
Miss Grafs backhand and was 
soon 3-1 up. 

But Miss Graf never lost 
confidence, even in her back- 
hand and it was a glorious 
backhand down the line that 
took her to 2-3 and launched 
her on a run of five consecu- 
tive games for the match. 
Suddenly aware that Miss 
Grafs backhand was workin g 
again, that the crack in the 
wall had been repaired. Miss 
Navratilova became visually 
and audibly frustrated. It must 
have broken her heart when 
Miss Graf even beat her in a 
volleying exchange. 


England may call up another 
Robson and another Hodge 

From Stuart Jones, Football Correspondent, Colorado Springs 

a JJfJjf 51 b]a <* ftowk Jaye As there is neither any 
appeared on England s hon- swelling nor any discoloration 

zon. After successive and in- 
creasingly significant victories 
over the Air Force. 11-0, 
South Korea. 4-1. and Mexico. 
3-0. the outlook was beginning 
to look suspiciously bright 
anyway. Something had to go 
wrong. For Hodge and partic- 
ularly for Bailey, it now has. 

Both of them are injured 
and are in danger of being sent 
home. Unless they recover 
and confirm their fitness with- 
in the next 48 hours, they will 
fly eastwards rather than 
north-west to Vancouver, 
where England are to com- 
plete their programme of prac- 
tice matches against Canada 
on Saturday. 

Bobby Robson must an- 
nounce his official Worid Cup 
party of 22 on Friday, and 
there is no room for sentiment 
on his list. “It is sad for them 
and for me." he said, “but, 
unless they are at least 80 per 
cent fit and the prognosis is 
good. I cannot afford to take a 
gamble on them." 

Hodge, who twisted an an- 
kle against Scotland last 
month, suffered a recurrence 
of toe problem after playing 
against toe Air Force nine 
days ago. He has since per- 
formed for only a quarter of an 
hour against toe South Kore- 
ans. Unhappy about even 
training, he is said to be no 
more than “50 per cent". 

around the damaged area, the 
injury, though painful, is mys- 
terious. The team doctor, 
Vernon Edwards, has advised 
him to “have a crack", to end 
his period of rest and to 
exercise, if not at foil stretch. 
There is substantia] concern 
over Hodge, because of his 
role. He is in toe party as cover 
for toe captain, Bryan Rob- 
son. who confirmed during his 
70-minute performance 
against Mexico in Los Angeles 
on Saturday that he is dearly 
short of full fitness as well. 

His sharpness, dulled dur- 
ing his inactivity towards toe 

More football. Page 38 

end of toe domestic season 
and here so far, will be 
improved, but only gradually. 
After suffering from a ham- 
string pull an Achilles tendon 
strain and two dislocations of 
the right shoulder, he remains 
relatively fragile, and 
England's manager can scarce- 
ly take a risk with the star and 
his understudy. 

“He has lost his touch, but 
I’ve got a lot of faith in him," 
Bobby Robson said of his 
namesake. “Because of his 
stature and influence, be 
means a lotto us. Every lime 
he goes into a hairy situation, I 
look away and close my eyes. 

But it would be wrongof me to 
hold him back. 

“That is his way. You can't 
water him down. Otherwise he 
becomes a lukewarm player, 
and he is not He is red-hot. It 
is either all or nothing with 
him. But we’ve got 17 days to 
get him into tip-top condition 
before toe opening tie against 
Portugal and that is ample 

. Bailey's steady progress 
since his cartilage operation 
some three weeks ago came to 
a sudden halt over the week- 
end. His knee, which had 
stood up to increasingly heavy 
work, swelled up. He will not 
train until tomorrow and, 
i because of the nature of his 
injury, Robson is not optimis- 
tic about his chances. 

England could thus be about 
to gain another Hodge and 
another Robson. Sheffield 
Wednesday’s goalkeeper, 
Martin Hodge, and Arsenal's 
midfield jplayer, Stewart Rob- 
son, will be summoned if 
necessary as the replacements. 
Although toe party’s altitude 
training hen: will not finish 
until Friday, the decisions are 
expected to be made 

The Canadians happen to 
be here as well. They beat the 
hapless Air Force ltM) on 
Saturday and offered to take 
on England in a practice 
match this week. Robson, 
preferring to wait until the 
official fixture, rejected the 
idea, and also another put 
forward toe Denver Kick- 
ers. “I didn't like toe name,” 
he commented. 


Report is 
nonsense 9 

The Duke of Edinburgh was 
urged yesterday not to worry 
about a parliamentary com- 
mittee attack on the Central 
Council of Physical 
Recreation. Denis Howell the 
shadow Minister for Sport 
denounced it as “ludicrous 

Mr HoweD was sp eaking at 
the annual meeting of the 
CCPR in London after a 
message from the Duke, its 
president had been read de- 
fending the independent orga- 
nization. Worried about the 
environment c ommi ttee’s call 
for an end to the CCPR’s 
public funding of £300,000 a 
year, be said: “In any investi- 
gation of this sort I think it is a 
mistake to ignore principles 
and history. - 
“This is a democratic conn- 
try and I believe it is a matter 

_ - 

Steffi Graf on her way to victory over Martina Navratilova m the German final yesterday 


Food for thought as West 
Indies take on the world 

The possibility of meeting 
Monterrey, toe champions of 
Mexico, next week has dimin- 
ished. England, unable under 
FIFA’s rules to play in Mexi- 
co, were planning to play them 
over the border in San Anto- 
nio, Texas. Yet the journey 
was not toe problem. Robson 
said: “FIFA wanted 10 per 
cent, the stadium officials 
wanted 10 per cent toe pro- 
moter wanted five per 
cent- .all I wanted to do was to 
play footbafl." 

Graham is 

George Graham, Arsenal's 
new manager, and bis assis- 
tant Theo Foley, escaped with 
warnings when they freed an 
FA disciplinary commission 

Both were found guilty of 
making insulting and improp- 
er comments to Gilbert 
Napthine, the referee, at 
MiU wall's second division 
match at Portsmouth 

The incident occurred when 
Graham was manage r of 
Mill wall and Foley was his 
assistant there. The two men 
became involved in a row with 
the referee at half-time over a 
Portsmouth goal which they 
thought should have been 

Millwall were beaten 2-1 
and had six players booked. 
Graham eseped a more severe 
punishment because of bis 
previous dean discip linar y 
record. No fine was imposed 
but he and Foley were ordered 
to pay toe costs of toe hearing, 
around £150 each. 

Graham was Mill wall's 
manager for three years and a 
half before taking charge at 
Arsenal last week. Foley joined 
him at Highbury soon 

Neither Graham nor Foley 
would make any comment as i 
they left the FA's headquarters ' 

principle that those involved 
m the administration of their 
sports should be abk to ex- 
press their views and opinions 
in fbeir own forum. That is the 
primary purpose of the CCPR. 
It also serves as a source of 
ideas and initiatives. This is 
because the CCPR is the only 
orga niz a ti on which brings to- 
gether the collective expertise 
of sports bodies through Its 
specialist divisions.’' 

The Duke added: “The way 
sport has developed in this 
coun try is a matter of history 
and it is really qnite impossi- 
ble to attempt to wipe it all ont 
and start again." 

Mr Howefl said : “It is the 
most ludicrous select commit- 
tee report in my 31 years in 
Parliament You should not 
bother too much about this 
toad of old nonsense. Leave it 
to the Government to deal with 
il by chance, it comes to tire 
floor of the House, which I 
doubt very strongly." 

Keith Mitchell the chair- 
man of the CCPR, darned 
that sections of the Sports 
Council appeared determined 
to restrict the role of the 
CCPR. “We shall resist at- 
tempts to break ns," he said. 

Saronni in 
the pink 

Avezzano. Italy (AP) - 
Franco Chioccioti outsprinted 
his countryman, Stefano 
Colage. and Switzerland's 
Niki Ruttimann at the finish 
line here to win the yesterday’s 
100-mile eighth stage of the 
Tour of Italy cycle race in 4hr 
13min Osec. Another I talian . 
Giuseppe Saronni who fin- 
ished a few seconds behind the 
winner, retained the p ink 
jersey of overall leader for the 
third consecutive day. 

Saronni, who has won this 
event twice before, says that 
he is “confident” on another 
victory. Today’s ninth stage 
includes a difficult climb of 
the Terminillo mountain on 
the way to Rieti, but Saronni 
is adraiarably equipped to 
deal with this challenge. 

Results, page 37 

VIv Richards 
leads his all- 
conq uering 
West Indies 
side against a 
Rest of the 
_ Worid XI at 

Edgbaston today as cricket’s 
contribution to Sport Aid It is 
an imaginative fixture, in 
keeping with the concept of a 
world-wide campaign. A ca- 
pacity crowd is expected to 
help raise more than £1 50,000 
for famine relief in Africa. 

The players involved have 
appeared in 997 Test matches 
and 1,180 one-day interna- 
tionals between them. No- 
body, therefore, can cavil with 
toe advertising, which de- 
scribes this 50 overs game as 
“toe ultimate cricket match." 
Certainly there has been no 
similar assembly of cricket 
character and skills for a 
match in England since the 
unofficial Tests with the Rest 
of the World in 1970. 

It is a nostalgic exercise to 
look back to the match at 
Edgbaston that year and to 
wonder bow the Rest of the 
World’s batting would have 
fared against the present West 
Indian attack. The first seven 
in toe Rest’s batting order 
were Barlow, Richards, 
Kanhal R G Pollock,' Lloyd, 
Sobers and Procter. We shall 
never know but it is possible 
they might have struggled just 
as much as everyone else has 
done in recent years. 

Even without Marshall 

By Richard Streeton 
Richards is left with a frill 
hand of lethal fast bowlers, 
who would give any side in 
history a testing examination. 
It is this strength in pace 
bowling which makes West 
Indies once again the 
favourites today even though, 
in limited ovens cricket they 
have sometimes looked less 
invincible than in matches 
over a full distance. Patterson 
has a slight knee strain and 
Walsh has been added to their 
squad on standby. 

Marshall withdrew after a 
bout of influenza. West Indies 
will also be without Haynes, 
their experienced opening 

Edgbaston teams 

WEST MUES ffromkT V A JVch- 
ards, C G GreenWge. R 8 Richard- 
son. H A Gomes, J Gamer, B P 

E Baotnta, A L Logie, A H Gray, C A 

GmwnS M Gavaskar, Kapil Dev. R 
J ShasH B F Davtson, bn ran Khan, 
c E B Rice. T M 
Alderman, fP R Downton, J r 
R atnayefce. 

Umpires: J A Jameson and R Julian. 

batsman, who was not able to 
obtain bis release from his 
league dub, Guis bo rough. 
These two absentees undoubt- 
edly narrow the gap between 
the teams but overall West 
Indies seeni better equipped in 
most departments toim the 

It should, however, "be a 
dose match. David Gower, 

toe England captain, who 
leads the Rest has several 
shrewd cricket minds at has 
elbow and the team win lade 
nothing in tactical . thinking . 
Should the conditions be as 
cloudy and damp, as the 
forecasters fear, bowlers such 
as Alderman, Rice or Shastri, 
in their different ways, could 
make important contribu- 
tions. It is hard to imagine that 
Botham, too, will not make an 
impact at this juncture of his 

Rice's inclusion, predict- 
ably, drew some fire from 
anti-apartheid protesters. The 
West Indian board dutifully 
registered a protest at a South 
African taking pan They 
withdrew their “official 
blessing" for the match, with- 
out any intention to spoil the 
occasion, and honour' was 

Only three of those the 
organizers wanted had to de- 
cline their original invitation. 
Border, toe Aust ralian cap- 
tain, and Gooch are playing 
for Essex against Northamp- 
tonshire, the only, county 
game today . Hadlee, the New 
Zealand all-rounder who plays 
for Nottinghamshire, was not 
able to break a commitment 
he made last . a utumn.' 

Nearly everyone concerned 
already plays county or league 
cricket in England. Two. West 
Indians, Gomes and Payne, 
however, have flown specially 
from the Caribbean, and toe 
Zimbabwean-born Davison is 
travelling from Tasmania. 



Belfast fail 

Belfast YMCA could only 
lake sixth place in the Men’s 
European Club Hockey 
Championship at Utrecht yes- 
terday after being beaten 5-3 
by Royal Uccle, of Belgium. 
The tournament was won by 
Rampong (Utrecht) who de- 
feated the West German side, 
Uhlenhorst 2-1 in the final 
Women’s report, page 38 

Ouoeciofi: stage winner 

Laing defence 

Tony Laing, who beat din- 
ton McKenzie on points to 
win the British light welter- 
weight title on May 7. must 
defend his title against anoth- 
er Tony McKenzie by Septem- 
ber 30. Contracts for Laing’s 
first defence must reach toe 
British Boxing Board of Con- 
trol (BBBCVby 12.0 noon on 
May . 30. The sameBBBC 
deadline applies to Sammy 
Reason, who must make his 
first defence of his British 
cruiserweight against Andy 
Straughn, a winner of three 
successive ABA light-heavy- 
weight titles. 

Liberty win 

New York (AP) — Eric 
Loizeau and his- crew man. 
Patrick Tabariy, sailing the 
catamaran, Roger and Gallet, 
finished first in the transatlan- 
tic Liberty Race early yester- 
day morning, unaware until 
nearly the end of toe crossing 
that, they had been ahead for 
most of the 15-day crossing 
after having suffered sail and 
cockpit d a m a g e as well as 
radio failure. The 76-ft vessel 
was brought across toe finish 
tore m fron of tire Statue of 
&b«T y at 1.26 am (0526 
GMT). The 2,400-mile race, 
Prae pf$ 1 50,000 (£aboui 
023,000), is part of toe Statue 

?LM_!r , . bert y centennial 

Coach resigns 

Auckland (Remerj - The 
New Zealand Rugby League 
coach, Graham Lowe, said 
yesterday he will resign after 
toe Kiwis’ tour of Australia 
and Papua New Guinea this 
year. Lowe ha*-' been toe 
subject of a number of lucra- 
ftve-job offers from. British 
and Australian clubs. He said: 
^pne of toe offers from Brit- 
arn was so good I had to pinch 
myself w make sure it was 

England in 
the lead 

Tonbridge School gave En- 
gland a seven-shot lead after 
the first round of toe Golf 
Foundation schools team 
championship international 
final at Sunningdale 
yesterday. . • • 

All three of their players, led 
by David Wood, broke 80 and 
toe England total of 229 gave 
toem a comfortable lead over 
Sweden, who started 
asravoumes fix- the tide: 

Wood was well supported 
fry Duncan Ellis, whose broth- 
er is the Cambridge Universi- 
ty golf captain, and Edwani 


By John Woodcock 
Cricket Correspondent 

When I became Cricket 
Correspondent of The Times , ' 
Ian Botham was not even a 1 
twinkle to his father’s eye. 
And the only remotely social 
issue that I can recall which 
exercised oar minds was 
whether it would be wise to 
send Len Hutton, a profes- 
sional cricketer, to Australia 
as England^ ra pfam fo ^ 
winter of 1954-55. In toe end, 
after much (fiscasshm, a single 
vote gamed Hutton the 

If toe tempo at which toe 
first-dass game was being 
played was beginning to cause 
concent, fike the increase in 
“foot-draggtog" and leg-side' 
bowling, those were cricketing 
matters. One spent the days, c« 
Bsually six a week, writing 
about the game itself, sot 
awaiting, as sow, the next 
adjudication from Lords. 
There was no question of the 
executive committee of the 
Test and Comity Cricket 
Board seeking the relative 
privacy of a London hotel to 
avoid the attention of toe 
media- Apart from anything 
else, the TCCB was not yet in 

More time spent 
on discipline 

By tire end of toe 50s the 

“Wardle Affair ” FmH talww gg 
away from the cricket; Imt only 
for a sragJeday in August It 
had to do with articles written 
by Johnny Wardle in tire 
Dotty MaU and ended to his 
invitation to tear Australia 
that winter being withdrawn. 

By tire late 60s, disciplinary 
committees were beginning to 
be kept burner. In August 1967 
Brian Close- lost toe England 
captaincy not long after being 
“seriously censored" for time- 
wasting tactics wink leading 
Yorkshire against Warwick- 
shire at Edgbaston. 

A few weeks earlier, as a 
disciplinary measure, Geoff 
Boycott had * been dropped 
from one Test match for 
batting tooalowiy while mak- 
ing 246 not out against India 
at Headfogjy, bis own highest 
Test score and stiB the hugest 
ever made for En g l and a gahw? 
India. Two years later. Tom 
Graveney was banned for 
three Test following 

“* . serious breach of 

discipline". He disobey ed an 
explicit instruction not to go 
off on tire Sunday of toe first 
Test match agatostthe West 
Indies at Okf Traflbrd - to 
which, to his only imwnga he 
scored 75 — to play to a game 
run for Ins own benefit at 
Laton. In reaching their deri- 
sion, toe TCCB “gave fidl 
consideration to Graveney s 
tong and outstanding cotrtribtr- 
tion to Engfish cricket". Then 
42, he never got hack into toe 

En gland side. 

By now, first of all with 
D*Ofiveira and South Africa, 
politics.had begnn to play an 
increasing part in toe world of 
cricket, and in 1977, with Mr. 
Packer’s descent upon the 
fold, dune the end of the 
Cricket Correspondent’s life 
as :I had first known ft. It 
became then as much a m at ter 
of studying the law as ft 
related to restraint on trade as 
it is now of being familiar with 
the jargon of illegal sub- 
stances, and the consequences 
of apartheid. 

■ If Botham is eventually 
debarred, he win be joining a 
growing fist of cricketers who 
ha ve ^ b een or indeed are, 
though the reason wifi, of 
coarse, be a new one. 

0 ; 




Verdicts reveal 
the generation 

More gotf. Page 3 g 

Richardson, son of toe former 
England cricketer Peter Rich- 
arason They scored 76 and 78 

Wood's score gave him 
asnare of toe individual first- 
round lead, with George. Pat- 
terson of the North Berwick 
JW ■5 C ??° 1 ’ Scotland, and 
ftjrednk Almskoug of Sweden. 

Scotland were in third place 

I” 111 Ireian d sharing 
fourth place with Germamf 
from toe record entry of tea 
teams- ; 

SCORES: 229: &K*and 

School). 243 : Ireland 
wfie o! Further 


Bo tham's 

contemporaries are 

round him. “What be does off 
the field is his own business," 
says Graham Gooch. “Ian is a 
part of toe team and famil y of 
Somerset, and we don't intend 
to torn him away," wij hh 
county captain, Peter Roe- 
buck. From the burden of any > 
comments made, it would be* 
easy enough, without being 
acquainted with whoever mad* 
tfesm, to know from which 
generation he comes.- “He 
must not be allowed to get 
“way with it," said Denis 
Compton. “It is a serious 
Jnsmess,” said Sir Leonard 
Hutton. “He is not toe only 
one in international cricket 
_ i " said Tony Greig. 

who sat in judgement 

ywjtenfay, the executive of toe 
l CCB — that is assigning they 
all arrived - were Raman 
Sabba Row (chairman of toe i 
board and therefore of the 
executive); and D J Insole* ; 
CRM Atkinson, B Coleman ji 
and A Steven, chainnen of the •< 

board’s cricket, discipline, 
marketing finance- com- 1 
mittees respectively; and toe , 

Jhfee elected members, \ 

C S Rhoades (chairman of 
Lancashire), A C Smith (sec- V 
retary of Warwickshire ami * 
shortly to become chief execn- * 5 
five of the board), and F M ’ 

Shire). P B. H May, dmfrmad 
of the England selectors, -«» 
also co-opted. T ;